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Sample records for 2011-12 prospectus2011-12 prospectus

  1. 17 CFR 230.494 - Newspaper prospectuses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Newspaper prospectuses. 230... Subdivisions Thereof § 230.494 Newspaper prospectuses. (a) This section shall apply only to newspaper... newspaper prospectus means an advertisement of securities in newspapers, magazines or other...

  2. Comprehensive Library Planning Program Prospectus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southeastern Wisconsin Regional Planning Commission, Waukesha.

    At the request of the Southeastern Wisconsin Regional Library Conference, the Southeastern Wisconsin Regional Planning Commission created a Technical Advisory Committee on Library Planning to assist the Commission staff in preparing a prospectus for a long-range, area-wide public library facilities and services plan. The Technical Advisor…

  3. Prospectus for Dental Hygiene. April 1988.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Dental Hygienists' Association, Chicago, IL.

    A prospectus providing a rational basis for decision and action in the field of dental hygiene is presented, noting that all occupations are obliged to assess their value to society and take whatever actions are indicated to fulfill their social contract. A philosophical and conceptual foundation for change is examined. Three chapters focus on the…

  4. 17 CFR 230.433 - Conditions to permissible post-filing free writing prospectuses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...-filing free writing prospectuses. 230.433 Section 230.433 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES... Prospectuses § 230.433 Conditions to permissible post-filing free writing prospectuses. (a) Scope of section. This section applies to any free writing prospectus with respect to securities of any issuer (except...

  5. 17 CFR 230.433 - Conditions to permissible post-filing free writing prospectuses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...-filing free writing prospectuses. 230.433 Section 230.433 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES... Prospectuses § 230.433 Conditions to permissible post-filing free writing prospectuses. (a) Scope of section. This section applies to any free writing prospectus with respect to securities of any issuer (except...

  6. Personal Pronouns in "About Us" Section of Online University Prospectus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bano, Zakia; Shakir, Aleem

    2015-01-01

    The university prospectus is supposed to be a forceful and pioneering text in promoting and marketing higher education. The present research will deal with the disparities in the frequencies of first and second person pronouns in online prospectuses in cross-cultural linguistics from marketing point of view. The research question is to which…

  7. 12 CFR 16.3 - Registration statement and prospectus requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... dealers, amount of proceeds, conversion rates, call prices, or other matters dependent upon the offering... the security. (c) Commission Rule 174 (17 CFR 230.174—Delivery of prospectus by dealers;...

  8. 17 CFR 230.424 - Filing of prospectuses, number of copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... result in filing with the Commission by that date. (7) A form of prospectus that identifies selling... cross reference to the date(s) of the related prospectus and any prospectus supplements thereto that.... 77e(b)) with respect to the securities currently being offered or sold. The cross reference may be...

  9. 17 CFR 230.498 - Summary Prospectuses for open-end management investment companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... its risks. You can find the Fund's prospectus and other information about the Fund online at . You can... § 270.18f-2(a) of this chapter. (5) Statement of Additional Information means the statement of additional information required by Part B of Form N-1A. (6) Statutory Prospectus means a prospectus...

  10. 17 CFR 230.433 - Conditions to permissible post-filing free writing prospectuses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... format) of any free writing prospectus (including any published article, publication, or advertisement... publication or dissemination to be a free writing prospectus prepared by or on behalf of the issuer or such...-filing free writing prospectuses. 230.433 Section 230.433 Commodity and Securities Exchanges...

  11. 2011-12 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS:12): Student Financial Aid Estimates for 2011-12. First Look. NCES 2013-165

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Radwin, David; Wine, Jennifer; Siegel, Peter; Bryan, Michael

    2013-01-01

    This brief report presents selected findings about student financial aid during the 2011-12 academic year. These findings are based on data from the 2011-12 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS:12), a nationally representative sample survey of undergraduate and graduate students enrolled any time between July 1, 2011, and June 30, 2012,…

  12. System Advisor Model, SAM 2011.12.2: General Description

    SciTech Connect

    Gilman, P.; Dobos, A.

    2012-02-01

    This document describes the capabilities of the U.S. Department of Energy and National Renewable Energy Laboratory's System Advisor Model (SAM), Version 2011.12.2, released on December 2, 2011. SAM is software that models the cost and performance of renewable energy systems. Project developers, policy makers, equipment manufacturers, and researchers use graphs and tables of SAM results in the process of evaluating financial, technology, and incentive options for renewable energy projects. SAM simulates the performance of solar, wind, geothermal, biomass, and conventional power systems. The financial model can represent financing structures for projects that either buy and sell electricity at retail rates (residential and commercial) or sell electricity at a price determined in a power purchase agreement (utility). Advanced analysis options facilitate parametric, sensitivity, and statistical analyses, and allow for interfacing SAM with Microsoft Excel or with other computer programs. SAM is available as a free download at http://sam.nrel.gov. Technical support and more information about the software are available on the website.

  13. 12 CFR 16.3 - Registration statement and prospectus requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Registration statement and prospectus requirements. 16.3 Section 16.3 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY... shall offer or sell, directly or indirectly, any bank issued security unless: (1) A...

  14. 36 CFR 223.83 - Contents of prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Contents of prospectus. 223.83 Section 223.83 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER, SPECIAL FOREST PRODUCTS, AND FOREST BOTANICAL...

  15. 36 CFR 223.229 - Contents of prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Contents of prospectus. 223.229 Section 223.229 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER, SPECIAL FOREST PRODUCTS, AND FOREST BOTANICAL...

  16. 17 CFR 230.481 - Information required in prospectuses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS, SECURITIES ACT OF 1933 Investment Companies; Business Development Companies... as a business development company under Sections 55 through 65 of the Investment Company Act (15 U.S... prospectus is not an offer to sell the securities and it is not soliciting an offer to buy the securities...

  17. 36 CFR 223.229 - Contents of prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Contents of prospectus. 223.229 Section 223.229 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER, SPECIAL FOREST PRODUCTS, AND FOREST BOTANICAL...

  18. 36 CFR 223.229 - Contents of prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Contents of prospectus. 223.229 Section 223.229 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER, SPECIAL FOREST PRODUCTS, AND FOREST BOTANICAL...

  19. 36 CFR 223.229 - Contents of prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Contents of prospectus. 223.229 Section 223.229 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER, SPECIAL FOREST PRODUCTS, AND FOREST BOTANICAL...

  20. 36 CFR 223.83 - Contents of prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Contents of prospectus. 223.83 Section 223.83 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER, SPECIAL FOREST PRODUCTS, AND FOREST BOTANICAL...

  1. 36 CFR 223.83 - Contents of prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Contents of prospectus. 223.83 Section 223.83 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER, SPECIAL FOREST PRODUCTS, AND FOREST BOTANICAL...

  2. 36 CFR 223.83 - Contents of prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Contents of prospectus. 223.83 Section 223.83 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER, SPECIAL FOREST PRODUCTS, AND FOREST BOTANICAL...

  3. General Prospectus of Agricultural Education for Young Men and Women.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Dublin (Ireland).

    Designed to acquaint young men and women with the agricultural education programs currently available in Ireland's institutions of vocational and higher education, this prospectus describes the educational requirements, facilities, and programs under the auspices of Ireland's Department of Agriculture and Fisheries. Specifically, this document…

  4. 17 CFR 230.421 - Presentation of information in prospectuses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... concise explanation of the provision(s); and 4. Disclosure repeated in different sections of the document..., charts, graphs, or other design elements so long as the design is not misleading and the required... in the prospectus. You must draw the graphs and charts to scale. Any information you provide must...

  5. 17 CFR 230.421 - Presentation of information in prospectuses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... concise explanation of the provision(s); and 4. Disclosure repeated in different sections of the document..., charts, graphs, or other design elements so long as the design is not misleading and the required... in the prospectus. You must draw the graphs and charts to scale. Any information you provide must...

  6. 17 CFR 230.421 - Presentation of information in prospectuses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... concise explanation of the provision(s); and 4. Disclosure repeated in different sections of the document..., charts, graphs, or other design elements so long as the design is not misleading and the required... in the prospectus. You must draw the graphs and charts to scale. Any information you provide must...

  7. 17 CFR 230.421 - Presentation of information in prospectuses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... concise explanation of the provision(s); and 4. Disclosure repeated in different sections of the document..., charts, graphs, or other design elements so long as the design is not misleading and the required... in the prospectus. You must draw the graphs and charts to scale. Any information you provide must...

  8. 17 CFR 230.421 - Presentation of information in prospectuses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... concise explanation of the provision(s); and 4. Disclosure repeated in different sections of the document..., charts, graphs, or other design elements so long as the design is not misleading and the required... in the prospectus. You must draw the graphs and charts to scale. Any information you provide must...

  9. 36 CFR 223.83 - Contents of prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... specified roads to be constructed. (16) The estimated road construction cost and the estimated public works..., the prospectus shall also include: (1) The road standards applicable to construction of permanent... permanent roads. (3) A statement explaining how the Forest Service intends to perform road construction...

  10. Student Financing of Undergraduate Education: 2011-12. Web Tables. NCES 2015-173

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Education Statistics, 2014

    2014-01-01

    Approximately 23 million students enrolled in undergraduate postsecondary education in the United States during the 2011-12 academic year (Simone et al. 2013). The Web Tables in this report provide a comprehensive source (2011-12 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study [NPSAS:12]) of information on the financial aid that was awarded to these…

  11. 17 CFR 230.154 - Delivery of prospectuses to investors at the same address.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Delivery of prospectuses to investors at the same address. 230.154 Section 230.154 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS, SECURITIES ACT OF 1933 General § 230.154 Delivery of prospectuses to investors at the...

  12. 36 CFR 51.11 - May the Director amend, extend, or cancel a prospectus or solicitation?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false May the Director amend, extend, or cancel a prospectus or solicitation? 51.11 Section 51.11 Parks, Forests, and Public Property... Procedures § 51.11 May the Director amend, extend, or cancel a prospectus or solicitation? The Director...

  13. 17 CFR 230.433 - Conditions to permissible post-filing free writing prospectuses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... at the same time as a communication in a business combination transaction subject to Rule 425 (§ 230... section 10 of the Act would be satisfied if a free writing prospectus that is an electronic communication contained an active hyperlink to such most recent prospectus; and 2. A communication for which...

  14. 17 CFR 230.433 - Conditions to permissible post-filing free writing prospectuses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Conditions to permissible post-filing free writing prospectuses. 230.433 Section 230.433 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS, SECURITIES ACT OF 1933 Form and Content of Prospectuses § 230.433 Conditions...

  15. 17 CFR 230.498 - Summary Prospectuses for open-end management investment companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... outside the United States in accordance with Regulation S need not be registered under the Act. See....” (iv) The approximate date of the Summary Prospectus's first use. (v) The following legend: Before you invest, you may want to review the Fund's prospectus, which contains more information about the Fund...

  16. International Students in BC, 2011-12. BCTF Research Report. Section V. 2012-EF-03

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuehn, Larry

    2012-01-01

    Tuition revenue from overseas students increased by over $9 million dollars in 2011-12 over the previous year. It reached a record amount of $138,848,821. The increased revenue reflects an increase of nearly 500 international students, reaching a total of 9,281.1 (FTE). However, the patterns of inequality continue to be reinforced, because most of…

  17. Interim Report on the Truancy Court Diversion Program in the District of Columbia, 2011-12

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cahill, Meagan; Liberman, Akiva; Cramer, Lindsey

    2012-01-01

    The Truancy Court Diversion Program (TCDP) is a voluntary program for at risk students and their parents. It combines involvement of a Family Court judge in group and individual sessions with service provision. During the 2011-12 school year, a pilot TCDP was implemented at Kramer Middle School (M.S.) and at Johnson M.S. The program attempts to…

  18. 2011-12 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) Methodology Report. NCES 2012-293

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knapp, Laura G.; Kelly-Reid, Janice E.; Ginder, Scott A.

    2012-01-01

    This report describes the universe, methods, and editing procedures used in the 2011-12 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) data collection. IPEDS data consist of basic statistics on postsecondary institutions regarding tuition and fees, number and types of degrees and certificates conferred, number of students enrolled, number…

  19. 76 FR 19875 - Migratory Bird Hunting; Proposed 2011-12 Migratory Game Bird Hunting Regulations (Preliminary...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-08

    ... regulatory process, in the March 14, 1990, Federal Register (55 FR 9618). Regulatory Schedule for 2011-12... (67 FR 53511) a final rule that established procedures for incorporating subsistence management into...-11 final frameworks (see August 30, 2010, Federal Register (75 FR 52873) for early seasons...

  20. 17 CFR 229.501 - (Item 501) Forepart of Registration Statement and Outside Front Cover Page of Prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Registration Statement and Outside Front Cover Page of Prospectus. 229.501 Section 229.501 Commodity and... Statement and Outside Front Cover Page of Prospectus. The registrant must furnish the following information in plain English. See § 230.421(d) of Regulation C of this chapter. (a) Front cover page of...

  1. Do You Need Money for College? Federal Student Aid at a Glance 2011-12

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    This paper discusses what federal student aid is and how to apply for it. It also provides a list of federal student aid programs for 2011-12. Federal student aid comes from the federal government--specifically, the U.S. Department of Education. It's money that helps a student pay for education expenses at a postsecondary school (e.g., college,…

  2. Promotion Retention Rates, 2011-12. Data Trends. D&A Report No. 12.16

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paeplow, Colleen

    2013-01-01

    The Wake County Public School System's (WCPSS) retention rate has declined for the fifth year in a row. The vast majority of WCPSS' students are promoted to the next grade level at the end of each school year. In 2011-12, only 3.4% of WCPSS students were retained in grade. While only a small percentage of students are retained each year, this…

  3. 2011-12 District Improvement Initiatives Evaluation. Eye on Evaluation. D&A Report No.12.12

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bulgakov-Cooke, Dina

    2013-01-01

    Seven district improvement initiatives were implemented in 2011-12 in the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS). All were well designed and coordinated, with common goal setting processes and use of common monitoring tools. All initiatives either met or partially met 2011-12 goals. Some were more successful in showing student outcomes, with the…

  4. First estimates of influenza vaccine effectiveness among severe influenza cases, France, 2011/12.

    PubMed

    Bonmarin, I; Belchior, E; Le Strat, Y; Levy-Bruhl, D

    2012-01-01

    Following a suspected virus-vaccine mismatch, the screening method was used to estimate in almost real time the influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE) against severe cases in high-risk individuals. Data on vaccination status were provided by the influenza severe surveillance system and data on vaccination coverage by the National Social Security Scheme. The analysis showed a decline of the vaccine effectiveness in 2011/12 (VE: 30% (95% CI: 22-39)) compared to 2010/11 (VE: 53% (95% CI: 40-67)). PMID:22587956

  5. Hong Kong domestic health spending: financial years 1989/90 to 2011/12.

    PubMed

    Tin, K Y K; Tsoi, P K O; Lee, Y H; Chong, D S Y; Lam, D W S; Yeung, A Y T; Ma, E S K; Maw, C K C

    2015-06-01

    This report presents the latest estimates of Hong Kong domestic health spending for financial years 1989/90 to 2011/12, cross-stratified and categorized by financing source, provider, and function. Total expenditure on health (TEH) was HK$101 985 million in financial year 2011/12, which represents an increase of HK$8580 million or 9.2% over the preceding year. TEH grew faster relative to gross domestic product (GDP) leading to a rise in TEH as a percentage of GDP from 5.1% in 2010/11 to 5.2% in 2011/12. During the period 1989/90 to 2011/12, total health spending per capita (at constant 2012 prices) grew at an average annual rate of 4.8%, which was faster than the average annual growth rate of per capita GDP by 1.8 percentage points. In 2011/12, public and private expenditure on health increased by 8.3% and 10.0% when compared with 2010/11, reaching HK$49,262 million and HK$52,723 million respectively. Consequently, public share of total health expenditure dropped slightly from 48.7% to 48.3% over the year. Of private spending, the most important source of health financing was out-of-pocket payments by households (34.9% of TEH), followed by employer-provided group medical benefits (7.5%) and private insurance (7.4%). It is worth noting that private insurance will likely take over employers as the second largest private payer if the insurance market continues to expand at the current rate. Of the HK$101,985 million total health expenditure in 2011/12, current expenditure comprised HK$96,572 million (94.7%), whereas HK$5413 million (5.3%) was for capital expenses (ie investment in medical facilities). Analysed by health care function, services of curative care accounted for the largest share of total health spending (65.2%), which was made up of ambulatory services (33.6%), in-patient curative care (26.9%), day patient hospital services (4.1%), and home care (0.5%). Notwithstanding its small share, the total spending for day patient hospital services shows an

  6. Hong Kong domestic health spending: financial years 1989/90 to 2011/12.

    PubMed

    Tin, K Y K; Tsoi, P K O; Lee, Y H; Chong, D S Y; Lam, D W S; Yeung, A Y T; Ma, E S K; Maw, C K C

    2015-06-01

    This report presents the latest estimates of Hong Kong domestic health spending for financial years 1989/90 to 2011/12, cross-stratified and categorized by financing source, provider, and function. Total expenditure on health (TEH) was HK$101 985 million in financial year 2011/12, which represents an increase of HK$8580 million or 9.2% over the preceding year. TEH grew faster relative to gross domestic product (GDP) leading to a rise in TEH as a percentage of GDP from 5.1% in 2010/11 to 5.2% in 2011/12. During the period 1989/90 to 2011/12, total health spending per capita (at constant 2012 prices) grew at an average annual rate of 4.8%, which was faster than the average annual growth rate of per capita GDP by 1.8 percentage points. In 2011/12, public and private expenditure on health increased by 8.3% and 10.0% when compared with 2010/11, reaching HK$49,262 million and HK$52,723 million respectively. Consequently, public share of total health expenditure dropped slightly from 48.7% to 48.3% over the year. Of private spending, the most important source of health financing was out-of-pocket payments by households (34.9% of TEH), followed by employer-provided group medical benefits (7.5%) and private insurance (7.4%). It is worth noting that private insurance will likely take over employers as the second largest private payer if the insurance market continues to expand at the current rate. Of the HK$101,985 million total health expenditure in 2011/12, current expenditure comprised HK$96,572 million (94.7%), whereas HK$5413 million (5.3%) was for capital expenses (ie investment in medical facilities). Analysed by health care function, services of curative care accounted for the largest share of total health spending (65.2%), which was made up of ambulatory services (33.6%), in-patient curative care (26.9%), day patient hospital services (4.1%), and home care (0.5%). Notwithstanding its small share, the total spending for day patient hospital services shows an

  7. WCPSS High School Retention 2011-12. Research Watch. D&A Report No. 13.15

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paeplow, Colleen

    2013-01-01

    Retention means repeating one or more courses in high school, rather than a full grade. Over 3,500 high school students were retained in 2011-12 in Wake County Public School (WCPSS), with the largest numbers in grades 9 and 10. Some students enter high school below grade level. In 2011-12, half the WCPSS high schools had greater than 30% of…

  8. 17 CFR 230.497 - Filing of investment company prospectuses-number of copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... investment company advertisement under § 230.482 shall be filed under this paragraph (a) (but not as part of... to General Instruction C.3.(g) of Form N-1A, include an Interactive Data File (§ 232.11 of this... N-1A, include an Interactive Data File (§ 232.11 of this chapter). (f) Every prospectus...

  9. 17 CFR 230.497 - Filing of investment company prospectuses-number of copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... investment company advertisement under § 230.482 shall be filed under this paragraph (a) (but not as part of... to General Instruction C.3.(g) of Form N-1A, include an Interactive Data File (§ 232.11 of this... N-1A, include an Interactive Data File (§ 232.11 of this chapter). (f) Every prospectus...

  10. 17 CFR 230.497 - Filing of investment company prospectuses-number of copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... investment company advertisement under § 230.482 shall be filed under this paragraph (a) (but not as part of... pursuant to General Instruction C.3.(g) of Form N-1A, include an Interactive Data File (§ 232.11 of this... N-1A, include an Interactive Data File (§ 232.11 of this chapter). (f) Every prospectus...

  11. 17 CFR 230.497 - Filing of investment company prospectuses-number of copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... investment company advertisement under § 230.482 shall be filed under this paragraph (a) (but not as part of... to General Instruction C.3.(g) of Form N-1A, include an Interactive Data File (§ 232.11 of this... N-1A, include an Interactive Data File (§ 232.11 of this chapter). (f) Every prospectus...

  12. 17 CFR 230.497 - Filing of investment company prospectuses-number of copies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... investment company advertisement under § 230.482 shall be filed under this paragraph (a) (but not as part of... to General Instruction C.3.(g) of Form N-1A, include an Interactive Data File (§ 232.11 of this... N-1A, include an Interactive Data File (§ 232.11 of this chapter). (f) Every prospectus...

  13. 17 CFR 229.502 - (Item 502) Inside front and outside back cover pages of prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... by Item 503 of this Regulation S-K (17 CFR 229.503). You must include the table of contents... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false (Item 502) Inside front and... Statement and Prospectus Provisions § 229.502 (Item 502) Inside front and outside back cover pages...

  14. 17 CFR 229.502 - (Item 502) Inside front and outside back cover pages of prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... by Item 503 of this Regulation S-K (17 CFR 229.503). You must include the table of contents... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false (Item 502) Inside front and... Statement and Prospectus Provisions § 229.502 (Item 502) Inside front and outside back cover pages...

  15. 36 CFR 51.9 - How do I get a copy of the prospectus?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How do I get a copy of the prospectus? 51.9 Section 51.9 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR CONCESSION CONTRACTS Solicitation, Selection and Award Procedures § 51.9 How do I get a copy...

  16. 17 CFR 229.502 - (Item 502) Inside front and outside back cover pages of prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... by Item 503 of this Regulation S-K (17 CFR 229.503). You must include the table of contents... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false (Item 502) Inside front and... Statement and Prospectus Provisions § 229.502 (Item 502) Inside front and outside back cover pages...

  17. 17 CFR 229.502 - (Item 502) Inside front and outside back cover pages of prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... by Item 503 of this Regulation S-K (17 CFR 229.503). You must include the table of contents... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false (Item 502) Inside front and... Statement and Prospectus Provisions § 229.502 (Item 502) Inside front and outside back cover pages...

  18. 17 CFR 229.502 - (Item 502) Inside front and outside back cover pages of prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... by Item 503 of this Regulation S-K (17 CFR 229.503). You must include the table of contents... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false (Item 502) Inside front and... Statement and Prospectus Provisions § 229.502 (Item 502) Inside front and outside back cover pages...

  19. 17 CFR 230.134a - Options material not deemed a prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... prospectus. Written materials, including advertisements, relating to standardized options, as that term is... or more strategies; And, Provided further, That: (a) The potential risks related to options trading generally and to each strategy addressed are explained; (b) No past or projected performance...

  20. 17 CFR 230.498 - Summary Prospectuses for open-end management investment companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... over all other series of shares for assets specifically allocated to that series in accordance with... its risks. You can find the Fund's prospectus and other information about the Fund online at . You can...; toll free (or collect) telephone number; and e-mail address that investors can use to obtain...

  1. 17 CFR 230.430A - Prospectus in a registration statement at the time of effectiveness.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Prospectus in a registration statement at the time of effectiveness. 230.430A Section 230.430A Commodity and Securities Exchanges... or commissions to dealers, amount of proceeds, conversion rates, call prices and other...

  2. 17 CFR 230.430 - Prospectus for use prior to effective date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Prospectus for use prior to effective date. 230.430 Section 230.430 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE... commissions to dealers, amount of proceeds, conversion rates, call prices, or other matters dependent upon...

  3. 36 CFR 51.5 - What information will the prospectus include?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... prospectus include? 51.5 Section 51.5 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR CONCESSION CONTRACTS Solicitation, Selection and Award Procedures § 51.5 What... resources of the park area; and (5) Any other minimum requirements that the new contract may...

  4. Organizational Rhetoric in the Prospectuses of Elite Private Schools: Unpacking Strategies of Persuasion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDonald, Paula; Pini, Barbara; Mayes, Robyn

    2012-01-01

    The way in which private schools use rhetoric in their communications offers important insights into how these organizational sites persuade audiences and leverage marketplace advantage in the context of contemporary educational platforms. Through systemic analysis of rhetorical strategies employed in 65 "elite" school prospectuses in Australia,…

  5. 17 CFR 230.135b - Materials not deemed an offer to sell or offer to buy nor a prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... to sell or offer to buy nor a prospectus. 230.135b Section 230.135b Commodity and Securities... § 230.135b Materials not deemed an offer to sell or offer to buy nor a prospectus. Materials meeting the requirements of § 240.9b-1 of this chapter shall not be deemed an offer to sell or offer to buy a security...

  6. 17 CFR 230.135b - Materials not deemed an offer to sell or offer to buy nor a prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... to sell or offer to buy nor a prospectus. 230.135b Section 230.135b Commodity and Securities... § 230.135b Materials not deemed an offer to sell or offer to buy nor a prospectus. Materials meeting the requirements of § 240.9b-1 of this chapter shall not be deemed an offer to sell or offer to buy a security...

  7. 17 CFR 230.135b - Materials not deemed an offer to sell or offer to buy nor a prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... to sell or offer to buy nor a prospectus. 230.135b Section 230.135b Commodity and Securities... § 230.135b Materials not deemed an offer to sell or offer to buy nor a prospectus. Materials meeting the requirements of § 240.9b-1 of this chapter shall not be deemed an offer to sell or offer to buy a security...

  8. 17 CFR 230.135b - Materials not deemed an offer to sell or offer to buy nor a prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... to sell or offer to buy nor a prospectus. 230.135b Section 230.135b Commodity and Securities... § 230.135b Materials not deemed an offer to sell or offer to buy nor a prospectus. Materials meeting the requirements of § 240.9b-1 of this chapter shall not be deemed an offer to sell or offer to buy a security...

  9. 17 CFR 230.135b - Materials not deemed an offer to sell or offer to buy nor a prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... to sell or offer to buy nor a prospectus. 230.135b Section 230.135b Commodity and Securities... § 230.135b Materials not deemed an offer to sell or offer to buy nor a prospectus. Materials meeting the requirements of § 240.9b-1 of this chapter shall not be deemed an offer to sell or offer to buy a security...

  10. Dental School Vacant Budgeted Faculty Positions, Academic Years 2011-12 Through 2013-14.

    PubMed

    Wanchek, Tanya; Cook, Bryan J; Anderson, Eugene L; Duranleau, Lauren; Valachovic, Richard W

    2015-10-01

    The American Dental Education Association (ADEA) Survey of Dental School Faculty is conducted annually to provide an overview of the hiring and retention activity of U.S. dental school faculty. The survey collects data on the dental faculty workforce, including vacant budgeted positions by appointment and discipline, number of new and lost positions, sources of new hires, and reasons for faculty separations. This report highlights the results of three years of survey data, from the 2011-12 academic year through the 2013-14 academic year. After declining in previous years, the number of vacant faculty positions in U.S. dental schools has begun to increase, rising to 242 full-time and 55 part-time positions in 2013-14. Additionally, the number of schools having more than ten vacancies increased from five to 12. Although the number of vacancies has increased, the length of faculty searches that took more than one year declined from 25% to 16% in the same period. Retirements as a share of full-time faculty separations increased from 14% in 2008-09 to 31% in 2013-14. The current average retirement age of dental school faculty members is 69.7 years. The percentage of full-time faculty members leaving for the private sector remained constant over the last three years at approximately 16%. Full-time faculty members were more likely to be recruited from other dental schools, while part-time faculty members were more likely to come from the private sector.

  11. Vaccination coverage among children in kindergarten--United States, 2011-12 school year.

    PubMed

    2012-08-24

    In 2011, CDC reported 17 outbreaks of measles and 222 measles cases, most of which were imported cases in unvaccinated persons. This was the highest number of measles cases in any year in the United States since 1996 and highlights the importance of monitoring measles vaccination coverage at the local level. To identify areas of undervaccination for measles and other vaccine-preventable diseases, state and local health departments monitor compliance with school immunization requirements using annual school vaccination assessment reports, supported as a CDC immunization funding objective for the 64 grantees, including the 50 states, the District of Columbia (DC), five cities, and eight other reporting areas. CDC also monitors progress toward meeting Healthy People 2020 objectives for the vaccination of children entering kindergarten. This report summarizes vaccination coverage, exemption rates, and reporting methods from the 2011-12 school year kindergarten vaccination assessments submitted by 56 grantees, including 49 states, DC, one city, and five other reporting areas. Median coverage with 2 doses of measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine was 94.8% among 47 reporting states and DC. Total exemption rates, including medical, religious, and philosophic exemptions, among 49 reporting states and DC, ranged from <0.1% to 7.0% (median: 1.5%). Although statewide levels of vaccination coverage are at or very near target levels, locally low vaccination coverage for extremely transmissible diseases such as measles remains a threat to health. Monitoring MMR vaccination coverage at the local and state level will continue to be critical as long as the risk for measles importation and outbreaks exist.

  12. Dental School Vacant Budgeted Faculty Positions, Academic Years 2011-12 Through 2013-14.

    PubMed

    Wanchek, Tanya; Cook, Bryan J; Anderson, Eugene L; Duranleau, Lauren; Valachovic, Richard W

    2015-10-01

    The American Dental Education Association (ADEA) Survey of Dental School Faculty is conducted annually to provide an overview of the hiring and retention activity of U.S. dental school faculty. The survey collects data on the dental faculty workforce, including vacant budgeted positions by appointment and discipline, number of new and lost positions, sources of new hires, and reasons for faculty separations. This report highlights the results of three years of survey data, from the 2011-12 academic year through the 2013-14 academic year. After declining in previous years, the number of vacant faculty positions in U.S. dental schools has begun to increase, rising to 242 full-time and 55 part-time positions in 2013-14. Additionally, the number of schools having more than ten vacancies increased from five to 12. Although the number of vacancies has increased, the length of faculty searches that took more than one year declined from 25% to 16% in the same period. Retirements as a share of full-time faculty separations increased from 14% in 2008-09 to 31% in 2013-14. The current average retirement age of dental school faculty members is 69.7 years. The percentage of full-time faculty members leaving for the private sector remained constant over the last three years at approximately 16%. Full-time faculty members were more likely to be recruited from other dental schools, while part-time faculty members were more likely to come from the private sector. PMID:26702464

  13. Project Enlightenment Evaluation, 2011-12. Eye on Evaluation. D&A Report No. 12.11

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rhea, Anisa; Baenen, Nancy; Paeplow, Colleen

    2012-01-01

    Project Enlightenment, part of the Wake County Public School System (WCPSS), has been providing services to children ages birth through 5 years, their parents, and teachers in childcare and preschool settings since 1969. With a local and grant funded budget of just over 2 million dollars, staff members served about 2,400 children in 2011-12. The…

  14. Slowing Entropy: Instructional Policy Design in New York City, 2011-12. Policy Brief #14-3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Supovitz, Jonathan

    2014-01-01

    How do policymakers craft policies, particularly centered on the Common Core State Standards, to be more resilient and less likely to disintegrate during enactment? Researcher Jonathan Supovitz in "Slowing Entropy: Instructional Policy Design in New York City, 2011-12" examines the design of a New York City Department of Education policy…

  15. A Very Slow Recovery: The Annual Report on the Economic Status of the Profession, 2011-12

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thornton, Saranna; Curtis, John W.

    2012-01-01

    This article presents the annual report on the economic status of the profession. Although the results of this year's survey of full-time faculty compensation are marginally better than they have been the last two years, 2011-12 represents the continuation of a historic low period for faculty salaries. The overall average salary for full-time…

  16. Undergraduate Financial Aid Estimates by Type of Institution in 2011-12. Web Tables. NCES 2014-169

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ifill, Nicole; Shaw, Stacy

    2013-01-01

    These Web Tables present estimates of tuition and fees, the total price of attendance (tuition and fees plus living expenses), and several types and combinations of financial aid packages that undergraduates received in 2011-12. The price of an undergraduate education varies widely depending on a number of characteristics, including institution…

  17. 2011-12 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS:12). Data File Documentation. NCES 2014-182

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wine, Jennifer; Bryan, Michael; Siegel, Peter

    2013-01-01

    This report describes the methods and results for the 2011-12 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS:12), conducted for the U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), Washington, DC. The following legislation authorizes this and previous cycles of NPSAS, as well as two longitudinal studies deriving…

  18. Graduation Rates by Gender and Ethnicity/Race--2011-12 and 2012-13. Research Note 1301

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Froman, Terry

    2014-01-01

    This report focuses on the percentages of graduates and dropouts in the Miami-Dade County Public Schools when broken down by both ethnicity/race and gender for years 2011-12 and 2012-13. The percentages in outcome categories for this report are based on a four-year adjusted cohort model. For the purposes of this report, students at the end of…

  19. Arboviral diseases and malaria in Australia, 2011-12: annual report of the National Arbovirus and Malaria Advisory Committee.

    PubMed

    Knope, Katrina E; Doggett, Stephen L; Kurucz, Nina; Johansen, Cheryl A; Nicholson, Jay; Feldman, Rebecca; Sly, Angus; Hobby, Michaela; El Saadi, Debra; Muller, Mike; Jansen, Cassie C; Muzari, Odwell M

    2014-06-30

    The National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System received notifications for 7,875 cases of disease transmitted by mosquitoes during the 2011-12 season (1 July 2011 to 30 June 2012). The alphaviruses Barmah Forest virus and Ross River virus accounted for 6,036 (77%) of these. There were 18 notifications of dengue virus infection acquired in Australia and 1,390 cases that were acquired overseas, while for 38 cases, the place of acquisition was unknown. Imported cases of dengue in Australia were most frequently acquired in Indonesia. There were 20 imported cases of chikungunya virus. There were no notifications of locally-acquired malaria in Australia during the 2011-12 season. There were 314 notifications of overseas-acquired malaria and 41 notifications where the place of acquisition was unknown. Sentinel chicken, mosquito surveillance, viral detection in mosquitoes and climate modelling are used to provide early warning of arboviral disease activity in Australia. In 2011-12, sentinel chicken programs for the detection of flavivirus activity were conducted in most states with the risk of arboviral transmission. Other surveillance activities to detect the presence of arboviruses in mosquitoes or mosquito saliva or for surveying mosquito abundance included honey-baited trap surveillance, surveys of household containers that may provide suitable habitat for the dengue vector, Aedes aegypti, and carbon dioxide baited traps. Surveillance for exotic mosquitoes at the border continues to be a vital part of preventing the spread of mosquito-borne diseases to new areas of Australia.

  20. Arboviral diseases and malaria in Australia, 2011-12: annual report of the National Arbovirus and Malaria Advisory Committee.

    PubMed

    Knope, Katrina E; Doggett, Stephen L; Kurucz, Nina; Johansen, Cheryl A; Nicholson, Jay; Feldman, Rebecca; Sly, Angus; Hobby, Michaela; El Saadi, Debra; Muller, Mike; Jansen, Cassie C; Muzari, Odwell M

    2014-06-01

    The National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System received notifications for 7,875 cases of disease transmitted by mosquitoes during the 2011-12 season (1 July 2011 to 30 June 2012). The alphaviruses Barmah Forest virus and Ross River virus accounted for 6,036 (77%) of these. There were 18 notifications of dengue virus infection acquired in Australia and 1,390 cases that were acquired overseas, while for 38 cases, the place of acquisition was unknown. Imported cases of dengue in Australia were most frequently acquired in Indonesia. There were 20 imported cases of chikungunya virus. There were no notifications of locally-acquired malaria in Australia during the 2011-12 season. There were 314 notifications of overseas-acquired malaria and 41 notifications where the place of acquisition was unknown. Sentinel chicken, mosquito surveillance, viral detection in mosquitoes and climate modelling are used to provide early warning of arboviral disease activity in Australia. In 2011-12, sentinel chicken programs for the detection of flavivirus activity were conducted in most states with the risk of arboviral transmission. Other surveillance activities to detect the presence of arboviruses in mosquitoes or mosquito saliva or for surveying mosquito abundance included honey-baited trap surveillance, surveys of household containers that may provide suitable habitat for the dengue vector, Aedes aegypti, and carbon dioxide baited traps. Surveillance for exotic mosquitoes at the border continues to be a vital part of preventing the spread of mosquito-borne diseases to new areas of Australia. PMID:25222207

  1. Documentation to the NCES Common Core of Data Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey: School Year 2011-12. Provisional Version 1a. NCES 2014-100

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keaton, Patrick

    2013-01-01

    The documentation for this provisional version 1a file of the National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Common Core of Data (CCD) Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey for SY 2011-12, contains a brief description of the data collection, along with information required to understand and access the data file. The SY 2011-12

  2. 77 FR 74729 - Guidance on Review and Approval of Public Charter Prospectuses: Extension of Effective Date to...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-17

    ... approval of public charter prospectuses. 77 FR 69692 (2012). The notice was to have taken effect on... investigation of Direct Air revealed non-compliance with a number of existing regulatory requirements designed to protect consumers. Based on the Direct Air experience, we determined that by clarifying...

  3. 17 CFR 229.503 - (Item 503) Prospectus summary, risk factors, and ratio of earnings to fixed charges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    .... Instruction to paragraph 503(a): The summary should not merely repeat the text of the prospectus but should...) Your lack of profitable operations in recent periods; (3) Your financial position; (4) Your business or.... You may show the pro forma ratio only for the most recent fiscal year and the latest interim...

  4. 36 CFR 51.7 - How will information be provided to a potential offeror after the prospectus is issued?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How will information be provided to a potential offeror after the prospectus is issued? 51.7 Section 51.7 Parks, Forests, and..., Selection and Award Procedures § 51.7 How will information be provided to a potential offeror after...

  5. 36 CFR 51.19 - Must the Director award the concession contract that is set forth in the prospectus?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Must the Director award the concession contract that is set forth in the prospectus? 51.19 Section 51.19 Parks, Forests, and Public... Award Procedures § 51.19 Must the Director award the concession contract that is set forth in...

  6. 36 CFR 51.8 - Where will the Director publish the notice of availability of the prospectus?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Where will the Director publish the notice of availability of the prospectus? 51.8 Section 51.8 Parks, Forests, and Public... Award Procedures § 51.8 Where will the Director publish the notice of availability of the...

  7. 41 CFR 102-74.150 - Who submits prospectuses for the construction or alteration of public buildings to the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... public building construction or alteration projects to the Senate Committee on Environment and Public... for the construction or alteration of public buildings to the Congressional committees? 102-74.150... Services § 102-74.150 Who submits prospectuses for the construction or alteration of public buildings...

  8. 41 CFR 102-74.150 - Who submits prospectuses for the construction or alteration of public buildings to the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... public building construction or alteration projects to the Senate Committee on Environment and Public... for the construction or alteration of public buildings to the Congressional committees? 102-74.150... Services § 102-74.150 Who submits prospectuses for the construction or alteration of public buildings...

  9. 41 CFR 102-74.120 - Is a prospectus required to be submitted before emergency alterations can be performed?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... prospectus as soon as possible after the emergency. Federal agencies must immediately alter a building if the alteration protects people, buildings, or equipment, saves lives, and/or avoids further property damage... to the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works and the House Committee on Transportation...

  10. 41 CFR 102-74.120 - Is a prospectus required to be submitted before emergency alterations can be performed?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... prospectus as soon as possible after the emergency. Federal agencies must immediately alter a building if the alteration protects people, buildings, or equipment, saves lives, and/or avoids further property damage... to the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works and the House Committee on Transportation...

  11. 41 CFR 102-74.150 - Who submits prospectuses for the construction or alteration of public buildings to the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... public building construction or alteration projects to the Senate Committee on Environment and Public... for the construction or alteration of public buildings to the Congressional committees? 102-74.150... Services § 102-74.150 Who submits prospectuses for the construction or alteration of public buildings...

  12. 17 CFR 230.425 - Filing of certain prospectuses and communications under § 230.135 in connection with business...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... and communications under § 230.135 in connection with business combination transactions. 230.425... and communications under § 230.135 in connection with business combination transactions. (a) All written communications made in reliance on § 230.165 are prospectuses that must be filed with...

  13. 17 CFR 229.1102 - (Item 1102) Forepart of registration statement and outside cover page of the prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... prospectus. Present information regarding multiple classes in tables if doing so will aid understanding. If information regarding multiple classes cannot appear on the cover page due to space limitations, include the... index, either provide the formula on the cover, or indicate that the rate is variable, indicate...

  14. Hard Lines and Soft Scenes: Constituting Masculinities in the Prospectuses of All-Boys Elite Private Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gottschall, Kristina; Wardman, Natasha; Edgeworth, Kathryn; Hutchesson, Rachael; Saltmarsh, Sue

    2010-01-01

    Over the last decade, education researchers have been concerned with the "impression management" activities of schools in the current climate of school corporatisation. Among these activities is the dissemination of school prospectuses that, far from being merely arbitrary sources of information, are seen as strategic texts that communicate the…

  15. 17 CFR 229.503 - (Item 503) Prospectus summary, risk factors, and ratio of earnings to fixed charges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., risk factors, and ratio of earnings to fixed charges. 229.503 Section 229.503 Commodity and Securities... ratio of earnings to fixed charges. The registrant must furnish this information in plain English. See... detailed information in the prospectus. If you provide summary business or financial information, even...

  16. Trends in Public and Private School Principal Demographics and Qualifications: 1987-88 to 2011-12. Stats in Brief. NCES 2016-189

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Jason; Ottem, Randolph; DeRoche, John

    2016-01-01

    Using data from seven administrations of the Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), this Statistics in Brief examines trends in public and private school principal demographics, experience, and compensation over 25 years, from 1987-88 through 2011-12. Data are drawn from the 1987-88, 1990-91, 1993-94, 1999-2000, 2003-04, 2007-08, and 2011-12 survey…

  17. WCPSS High School Graduation Rates: 4-Year and 5-Year Cohort Rates 2011-12. Measuring Up. D&A Report No. 13.04

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Regan, Roger

    2013-01-01

    The Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) four-year cohort graduation rate declined slightly to 80.6% in 2011-12 from 80.9% in the previous year. Disaggregated graduation rates for most racial and ethnic groups stayed nearly the same or declined slightly in 2011-12, but the rate for African-American students rose from 67.9% to 69.6%. The other…

  18. Risky Business and the American Climate Prospectus: Economic Risks of Climate Change in the United States"

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gordon, K.; Houser, T.; Kopp, R. E., III; Hsiang, S. M.; Larsen, K.; Jina, A.; Delgado, M.; Muir-Wood, R.; Rasmussen, D.; Rising, J.; Mastrandrea, M.; Wilson, P. S.

    2014-12-01

    The United States faces a range of economic risks from global climate change - from increased flooding and storm damage, to climate-driven changes in crop yields and labor productivity, to heat-related strains on energy and public health systems. The Risky Business Project commissioned a groundbreaking new analysis of these and other climate risks by region of the country and sector of the economy. The American Climate Prospectus (ACP) links state-of-the-art climate models with econometric research of human responses to climate variability and cutting edge private sector risk assessment tools, the ACP offers decision-makers a data driven assessment of the specific risks they face. We describe the challenge, methods, findings, and policy implications of the national risk analysis, with particular focus on methodological innovations and novel insights.

  19. Review of prospectus for Newstech Recycling Inc. 's de-inking plant

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    Newstech Recycling Inc. is proposing to establish western Canada's first newsprint de-inking facility in Coquitlam, B.C. The proposed plant is designed to use 140,000 air dry metric tonnes of old newspapers and magazines, from B.C. and other western provinces, to produce 122,500 metric tons of recycled fibre suitable as a replacement for virgin fiber, in the manufacture of newsprint. Newstech submitted a prospectus on April 26, 1990 which provided an overview of the project and addressed the potential environmental and socio-economic impacts of the project. The project was reviewed by government and the public, including various environmental groups. This report describes the project and its environmental and socio-economic impacts, the project review process, summarizes the public and government agency comments, and presents the decision of the major project steering committee review.

  20. Estimating the limits of adaptation from historical behaviour: Insights from the American Climate Prospectus

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jina, A.; Hsiang, S. M.; Kopp, R. E., III; Rasmussen, D.; Rising, J.

    2014-12-01

    The American Climate Prospectus (ACP), the technical analysis underlying the Risky Business project, quantitatively assessed the climate risks posed to the United States' economy in a number of economic sectors [1]. The main analysis presents projections of climate impacts with an assumption of "no adaptation". Yet, historically, when the climate imposed an economic cost upon society, adaptive responses were taken to minimise these costs. These adaptive behaviours, both autonomous and planned, can be expected to occur as climate impacts increase in the future. To understand the extent to which adaptation might decrease some of the worst impacts of climate change, we empirically estimate adaptive responses. We do this in three sectors considered in the analysis - crop yield, crime, and mortality - and estimate adaptive capacity in two steps. First, looking at changes in climate impacts through time, we identify a historical rate of adaptation. Second, spatial differences in climate impacts are then used to stratify regions into more adapted or less adapted based on climate averages. As these averages change across counties in the US, we allow each to become more adapted at the rate identified in step one. We are then able to estimate the residual damages, assuming that only the historical adaptive behaviours have taken place (fig 1). Importantly, we are unable to estimate any costs associated with these adaptations, nor are we able to estimate more novel (for example, new technological discoveries) or more disruptive (for example, migration) adaptive behaviours. However, an important insight is that historical adaptive behaviours may not be capable of reducing the worst impacts of climate change. The persistence of impacts in even the most exposed areas indicates that there are non-trivial costs associated with adaptation that will need to be met from other sources or through novel behavioural changes. References: [1] T. Houser et al. (2014), American Climate

  1. Putting climate impact estimates to work: the empirical approach of the American Climate Prospectus

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jina, A.; Hsiang, S. M.; Kopp, R. E., III; Rasmussen, D.; Rising, J.

    2014-12-01

    The American Climate Prospectus (ACP), the technical analysis underlying the Risky Business project, quantitatively assesses climate risks posed to the United States' economy in a number of sectors [1]. Four of these - crop yield, crime, labor productivity, and mortality - draw upon research which identifies social impacts using contemporary variability in climate. We first identify a group of rigorous studies that use climate variability to identify responses to temperature and precipitation, while controlling for unobserved differences between locations. To incorporate multiple studies from a single sector, we employ a meta-analytical approach that draws on Bayesian methods commonly used in medical research and previously implemented in [2]. We generate a series of aggregate response functions for each sector using this meta-analytical method. We combine response functions with downscaled physical climate projections to estimate climate impacts out to the end of the century, incorporating uncertainty from statistical estimates, weather, climate models, and different emissions scenarios. Incorporating multiple studies in a single estimation framework allows us to directly compare impacts across the economy. We find that increased mortality has the largest effect on the US economy, followed by costs associated with decreased labor productivity. Agricultural losses and increases in crime contribute lesser but nonetheless substantial costs, and agriculture, notably, shows many areas benefitting from projected climate changes. The ACP also presents results throughout the 21stcentury. The dynamics of each of the impact categories differs, with, for example, mortality showing little change until the end of the century, but crime showing a monotonic increase from the present day. The ACP approach can expand to include new findings in current sectors, new sectors, and new geographical areas of interest. It represents an analytical framework that can incorporate empirical

  2. School Start Times for Middle School and High School Students - United States, 2011-12 School Year.

    PubMed

    Wheaton, Anne G; Ferro, Gabrielle A; Croft, Janet B

    2015-08-01

    Adolescents who do not get enough sleep are more likely to be overweight; not engage in daily physical activity; suffer from depressive symptoms; engage in unhealthy risk behaviors such as drinking, smoking tobacco, and using illicit drugs; and perform poorly in school. However, insufficient sleep is common among high school students, with less than one third of U.S. high school students sleeping at least 8 hours on school nights. In a policy statement published in 2014, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) urged middle and high schools to modify start times as a means to enable students to get adequate sleep and improve their health, safety, academic performance, and quality of life. AAP recommended that "middle and high schools should aim for a starting time of no earlier than 8:30 a.m.". To assess state-specific distributions of public middle and high school start times and establish a pre-recommendation baseline, CDC and the U.S. Department of Education analyzed data from the 2011-12 Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS). Among an estimated 39,700 public middle, high, and combined schools* in the United States, the average start time was 8:03 a.m. Overall, only 17.7% of these public schools started school at 8:30 a.m. or later. The percentage of schools with 8:30 a.m. or later start times varied greatly by state, ranging from 0% in Hawaii, Mississippi, and Wyoming to more than three quarters of schools in Alaska (76.8%) and North Dakota (78.5%). A school system start time policy of 8:30 a.m. or later provides teenage students the opportunity to achieve the 8.5-9.5 hours of sleep recommended by AAP and the 8-10 hours recommended by the National Sleep Foundation.

  3. School Start Times for Middle School and High School Students - United States, 2011-12 School Year.

    PubMed

    Wheaton, Anne G; Ferro, Gabrielle A; Croft, Janet B

    2015-08-01

    Adolescents who do not get enough sleep are more likely to be overweight; not engage in daily physical activity; suffer from depressive symptoms; engage in unhealthy risk behaviors such as drinking, smoking tobacco, and using illicit drugs; and perform poorly in school. However, insufficient sleep is common among high school students, with less than one third of U.S. high school students sleeping at least 8 hours on school nights. In a policy statement published in 2014, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) urged middle and high schools to modify start times as a means to enable students to get adequate sleep and improve their health, safety, academic performance, and quality of life. AAP recommended that "middle and high schools should aim for a starting time of no earlier than 8:30 a.m.". To assess state-specific distributions of public middle and high school start times and establish a pre-recommendation baseline, CDC and the U.S. Department of Education analyzed data from the 2011-12 Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS). Among an estimated 39,700 public middle, high, and combined schools* in the United States, the average start time was 8:03 a.m. Overall, only 17.7% of these public schools started school at 8:30 a.m. or later. The percentage of schools with 8:30 a.m. or later start times varied greatly by state, ranging from 0% in Hawaii, Mississippi, and Wyoming to more than three quarters of schools in Alaska (76.8%) and North Dakota (78.5%). A school system start time policy of 8:30 a.m. or later provides teenage students the opportunity to achieve the 8.5-9.5 hours of sleep recommended by AAP and the 8-10 hours recommended by the National Sleep Foundation. PMID:26247433

  4. Prospectus 1999

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Holmes, Jon L.; Gettys, Nancy S.

    1999-01-01

    We begin 1999 with a message to all Journal subscribers about our plans for JCE Software and what you will be seeing in this column as the year progresses. Series News JCE Software will continue to publish individual programs, one to an issue as they become ready for distribution. The old Series B, C, and D designations no longer exist. Regular Issue numbers for 1999 will start with 99, and end with M for Mac OS, W for Windows, or MW for programs that will run under both the Mac OS and Windows. Windows programs will be compatible with Windows 95/98 and may or may not be compatible with Windows 3.1. Special Issues, such as CD-ROMs and videotapes will continue to be designated with SP followed by a number. Publication Plans for 1999 Periodic Table Live! Second Edition Periodic Table Live! Second Edition is a new version of one of JCE Software's most popular publications. The best features of Illustrated Periodic Table (1) for Windows and Chemistry Navigator (2) for Mac OS are combined in a new HTML-based, multimedia presentation format. Together with the video from Periodic Table Videodisc (3), digitized to take advantage of new features available in QuickTime 3 (4), the new Periodic Table Live! will be easy to use with complete features available to both Windows and Mac OS user. Chemistry Comes Alive! The Chemistry Comes Alive! (CCA!) series continues in 1999 with CD-ROMs for Mac OS and Windows. Like the first two volumes (5,6), new CDs will contain video and animations of chemical reactions, including clips from our videodiscs ChemDemos (7), ChemDemos II (8), and Titration Techniques (9). Other clips are new, available for the first time in Chemistry Comes Alive! New CCA! CDs will be made available in two varieties for individual users, one to take advantage of the high-quality video that can be displayed by new, faster computers, and another that will play well on older, slower models. In addition, a third variation for network licensing will include video optimized for delivery via the World Wide Web. If all goes according to plan, two new CCA! volumes will be announced in 1999, and CCA! 1 and CCA! 2 will be updated to take advantage of the latest digital video technology. Chem Pages Chem Pages, Laboratory Techniques, was developed by the New Traditions Curriculum Project at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It is an HTML-based CD-ROM for Mac OS and Windows that contains lessons and tutorials to prepare introductory chemistry students to work in the laboratory. It includes text, photographs, computer graphics, animations, digital video, and voice narration to introduce students to the laboratory equipment and procedures. Regular Issues Programs that have been accepted for publication as Regular Issues in 1999 include a gas chromatography simulation for Windows 95 by Bruce Armitage, a collection of lessons on torsional rotation for organic chemistry students by Ronald Starkey, and a tutorial on pericyclic reactions, also for organic chemistry, by Albert Lee, C. T. So, and C. L. Chan. We have had many recent submissions and submissions of work in progress. In 1999 we will work with the authors and our peer-reviewers to complete and publish these submissions. Submissions include Multimedia Problems for General Chemistry by David Whisnant, lessons on point groups and crystallography by Margaret Kastner, et al., a mass spectrum simulator by Stephen W. Bigger and Robert A. Craig, a tutorial for introductory chemistry on determining the pH of very dilute acid and base solutions by Paul Mihas and George Papageorgiou, and many others. Also under development by the JCE Software staff are The General Chemistry Collection (instructor's edition) CD-ROM along with an updated student edition. An Invitation In collaboration with JCE Online we plan to make available in 1999 support files for JCE Software. These will include not only troubleshooting tips and technical support notes, but also supporting information such as lessons, specific assignments, and activities using JCE Software publications submitted by users. All JCE Software users are invited to contribute to this area. Get in touch with JCE Software and let us know how you are using our materials so that we can share your ideas with others! Although the word software is in our name, many of our publications are not traditional software. We also publish video on videotape, videodisc, and CD-ROM and electronic documents (Mathcad and Mathematica, spreadsheet files and macros, HTML documents, and PowerPoint presentations). Most chemistry instructors who use a computer in their teaching have created or considered creating one or more of these for their classes. If you have an original computer presentation, electronic document, animation, video, or any other item that is not printed text it is probably an appropriate submission for JCE Software. By publishing your work in any branch of the Journal of Chemical Education, you will share your efforts with chemistry instructors and students all over the world and get professional recognition for your achievements. Literature Cited 1. Schatz, P. F.; Moore, J. W.; Holmes, J. L. Illustrated Periodic Table; J. Chem. Educ. Software 1995, 2D2. 2. Kotz. J. C.; Young, S. Chemistry Navigator; J. Chem. Educ. Software 1995, 6C2. 3. Banks, A. Periodic Table Videodisc, 2nd ed.; J. Chem. Educ. Software 1996, SP1. 4. QuickTime 3.0, Apple Computer, Inc.: 1 Infinite Loop, Cupertino, CA 95014-2084. 5. Jacobsen, J. J.; Moore, J. W. Chemistry Comes Alive!, Volume 1; J. Chem. Educ. Software 1997, SP 18. 6. Jacobsen, J. J.; Moore, J. W. Chemistry Comes Alive!, Volume 2; Chem. Educ. Software 1998, SP 21. 7. Moore, J. W.; Jacobsen, J. J.; Hunsberger, L. R.; Gammon, S. D.; Jetzer, K. H.; Zimmerman, J. ChemDemos Videodisc; J. Chem. Educ. Software 1994, SP 8. 8. Moore, J. W.; Jacobsen, J. J.; Jetzer, K. H.; Gilbert, G.; Mattes, F.; Phillips, D.; Lisensky, G.; Zweerink, G. ChemDemos II; J. Chem. Educ. Software 1996, SP 14. 9. Jacobsen, J. J.; Jetzer, K. H.; Patani, N.; Zimmerman, J. Titration Techniques Videodisc; J. Chem. Educ. Software 1995, SP 9. JCE Software CD-ROMs In addition to more than 100 traditional computer programs and videodiscs, JCE Software has published nine CD-ROMs and four videotapes. Recently published CDs now available include:

    • JCE CD 98
    • Solid State Resources, 2nd Edition
    • General Chemistry Collection, 2nd Edition (Student Edition)
    • Chemistry Comes Alive!, Volumes 1 and 2
    • Flying over Atoms
    Below are some images from JCE Software CD-ROMs. Information for all CDs can be found on our WWW site. Ordering and Information JCE Software is a publication of the Journal of Chemical Education. There is an order form inserted in this issue that provides prices and other ordering information. If this card is not available or if you need additional information, contact: JCE Software, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1101 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53706-1396 phone: 608/262-5153 or 800/991-5534 fax: 608/265-8094; email: jcesoft@chem.wisc.edu Information about all of our publications (including abstracts, descriptions, updates) is available from our World Wide Web site. http://jchemed.chem.wisc.edu/JCESoft/

  5. Prospectus 2000

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Holmes, Jon L.; Gettys, Nancy S.

    2000-01-01

    We begin 2000 with a message about our plans for JCE Software and what you will be seeing in this column as the year progresses. Floppy Disk --> CD-ROM Most software today is distributed on CD-ROM or by downloading from the Internet. Several new computers no longer include a floppy disk drive as "standard equipment". Today's software no longer fits on one or two floppies (the installation software alone can require two disks) and the cost of reproducing and distributing several disks is prohibitive. In short, distribution of software on floppy disks is no longer practical. Therefore, JCE Software will distribute all new software publications on CD-ROM rather than on disks. Regular Issues --> Collections Distribution of all our software on CD-ROM allows us to extend our concept of software collections that we started with the General Chemistry Collection. Such collections will contain all the previously published software that is still "in print" (i.e., is compatible with current operating systems and hardware) and any new programs that fall under the topic of the collection. Proposed topics in addition to General Chemistry currently include Advanced Chemistry, Instrument and Laboratory Simulations, and Spectroscopy. Eventually, all regular issues will be replaced by these collections, which will be updated annually or semiannually with new programs and updates to existing programs. Abstracts for all new programs will continue to appear in this column when a collection or its update is ready for publication. We will continue to offer special issues of single larger programs (e.g. Periodic Table Live!, Chemistry Comes Alive! volumes) on CD-ROM and video on videotape. Connect with Your Students outside Class JCE Software has always offered network licenses to allow instructors to make our software available to students in computer labs, but that model no longer fits the way many instructors and students work with computers. Many students (or their families) own a personal computer allowing them much more flexibility than a campus computer lab. Many instructors utilize the World Wide Web, creating HTML pages for students to use. JCE Software has options available to take advantage of both of these developments. Software Adoption To provide students who own computers access to JCE Software programs, consider adopting one or more of our CD-ROMs as you would a textbook. The General Chemistry Collection has been adopted by several general chemistry courses. We can arrange to bundle CDs with laboratory manuals or to be sold separately to students through the campus bookstore. The cost per CD can be quite low (as little as $5) when large numbers are ordered, making this a cost-effective method of allowing students access to the software they need whenever and wherever they desire. Web-Ready Publications Several JCE Software programs use HTML to present the material. Viewed with the ubiquitous Internet Browser, HTML is compatible with both Mac OS and Windows (as well most other current operating systems) and provides a flexible hypermedia interface that is familiar to an increasing number of instructors and students. HTML-based publications are also ready for use on local intranets, with appropriate licensing, and can be readily incorporated into other HTML-based materials. Already published in this format are: Chemistry Comes Alive!, Volumes 1 and 2 (Special Issues 18 and 21), Flying over Atoms (Special Issue 19), and Periodic Table Live! Second Edition (Special Issue 17). Solid State Resources Second Edition (Special Issue 12) and Chemistry Comes Alive!, Volume 3 (Special Issue 23) will be available soon. Other submissions being developed in HTML format include ChemPages Laboratory and Multimedia General Chemistry Problems. Contact the JCE Software office to learn about licensing alternatives that take advantage of the World Wide Web. Periodic Table Live! 2nd ed. is one of JCE Software's "Web-ready" publications. Publication Plans for 2000 We have several exciting new issues planned for publication in the coming year. Chemistry Comes Alive! The Chemistry Comes Alive! (CCA!) series continues with additional CD-ROMs for Mac OS and Windows. Each volume in this series contains video and animations of chemical reactions that can be easily incorporated into your own computer-based presentations. Our digital video now uses state-of-the-art compression that yields higher quality video with smaller file sizes and data rates more suited for WWW delivery. Video for Periodic Table Live! 2nd edition, Chemistry Comes Alive! Volumes 3, ChemPages Laboratory, and Multimedia General Chemistry Problems use this new format. We will be releasing updates of CCA! Volumes 1 and 2 to take advantage of this new technology. We are very pleased with the results and think you will be also. The reaction of aluminum with chlorine is included in Chemistry Comes Alive! Volume 3. ChemPages Laboratory ChemPages Laboratory, developed by the New Traditions Curriculum Project at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, is an HTML-based CD-ROM for Mac OS and Windows that contains lessons and tutorials to prepare introductory chemistry students to work in the laboratory. It includes text, photographs, computer graphics, animations, digital video, and voice narration to introduce students to the laboratory equipment and procedures. ChemPages Laboratory teaches introductory chemistry students about laboratory instruments, equipment, and procedures. Versatile Video Video demonstrating the "drinking bird" is included in the Chemistry Comes Alive! video collection. Video from this collection can be incorporated into many other projects. As an example, David Whisnant has used the drinking bird in his Multimedia General Chemistry Problems, where students view the video and are asked to explain why the bird bobs up and down. JCE Software anticipates publication of Multimedia General Chemistry Problems on CD-ROM for Mac OS and Windows in 2000. It will be "Web-ready". General Chemistry Collection, 4th Edition The General Chemistry Collection will be revised early in the summer and CDs will be shipped in time for fall adoptions. The 4th edition will include JCE Software publications for general chemistry published in 1999, as well as any programs for general chemistry accepted in 2000. Regular Issues We have had many recent submissions and submissions of work in progress. In 2000 we will work with the authors and our peer-reviewers to complete and publish these submissions individually or as part of a software collection on CD-ROM. An Invitation In collaboration with JCE Online we plan to make available in 2000 more support files for JCE Software. These will include not only troubleshooting tips and technical support notes, but also supporting information submitted by users such as lessons, specific assignments, and activities using JCE Software publications. All JCE Software users are invited to contribute to this area. Get in touch with JCE Software and let us know how you are using our materials so that we can share your ideas with others! Although the word software is in our name, many of our publications are not traditional software. We also publish video on videotape, videodisc, and CD-ROM and electronic documents (Mathcad and Mathematica, spreadsheet files and macros, HTML documents, and PowerPoint presentations). Most chemistry instructors who use a computer in their teaching have created or considered creating one or more of these for their classes. If you have an original computer presentation, electronic document, animation, video, or any other item that is not printed text it is probably an appropriate submission for JCE Software. By publishing your work in any branch of the Journal of Chemical Education, you will share your efforts with chemistry instructors and students all over the world and get professional recognition for your achievements. All JCE Software publications are Y2K compliant.

  6. Prospectus 1999

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Holmes, Jon L.; Gettys, Nancy S.

    1999-01-01

    We begin 1999 with a message to all Journal subscribers about our plans for JCE Software and what you will be seeing in this column as the year progresses. Series News JCE Software will continue to publish individual programs, one to an issue as they become ready for distribution. The old Series B, C, and D designations no longer exist. Regular Issue numbers for 1999 will start with 99, and end with M for Mac OS, W for Windows, or MW for programs that will run under both the Mac OS and Windows. Windows programs will be compatible with Windows 95/98 and may or may not be compatible with Windows 3.1. Special Issues, such as CD-ROMs and videotapes will continue to be designated with SP followed by a number. Publication Plans for 1999 Periodic Table Live! Second Edition Periodic Table Live! Second Edition is a new version of one of JCE Software's most popular publications. The best features of Illustrated Periodic Table (1) for Windows and Chemistry Navigator (2) for Mac OS are combined in a new HTML-based, multimedia presentation format. Together with the video from Periodic Table Videodisc (3), digitized to take advantage of new features available in QuickTime 3 (4), the new Periodic Table Live! will be easy to use with complete features available to both Windows and Mac OS user. Chemistry Comes Alive! The Chemistry Comes Alive! (CCA!) series continues in 1999 with CD-ROMs for Mac OS and Windows. Like the first two volumes (5,6), new CDs will contain video and animations of chemical reactions, including clips from our videodiscs ChemDemos (7), ChemDemos II (8), and Titration Techniques (9). Other clips are new, available for the first time in Chemistry Comes Alive! New CCA! CDs will be made available in two varieties for individual users, one to take advantage of the high-quality video that can be displayed by new, faster computers, and another that will play well on older, slower models. In addition, a third variation for network licensing will include video optimized for delivery via the World Wide Web. If all goes according to plan, two new CCA! volumes will be announced in 1999, and CCA! 1 and CCA! 2 will be updated to take advantage of the latest digital video technology. Chem Pages Chem Pages, Laboratory Techniques, was developed by the New Traditions Curriculum Project at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It is an HTML-based CD-ROM for Mac OS and Windows that contains lessons and tutorials to prepare introductory chemistry students to work in the laboratory. It includes text, photographs, computer graphics, animations, digital video, and voice narration to introduce students to the laboratory equipment and procedures. Regular Issues Programs that have been accepted for publication as Regular Issues in 1999 include a gas chromatography simulation for Windows 95 by Bruce Armitage, a collection of lessons on torsional rotation for organic chemistry students by Ronald Starkey, and a tutorial on pericyclic reactions, also for organic chemistry, by Albert Lee, C. T. So, and C. L. Chan. We have had many recent submissions and submissions of work in progress. In 1999 we will work with the authors and our peer-reviewers to complete and publish these submissions. Submissions include Multimedia Problems for General Chemistry by David Whisnant, lessons on point groups and crystallography by Margaret Kastner, et al., a mass spectrum simulator by Stephen W. Bigger and Robert A. Craig, a tutorial for introductory chemistry on determining the pH of very dilute acid and base solutions by Paul Mihas and George Papageorgiou, and many others. Also under development by the JCE Software staff are The General Chemistry Collection (instructor's edition) CD-ROM along with an updated student edition. An Invitation In collaboration with JCE Online we plan to make available in 1999 support files for JCE Software. These will include not only troubleshooting tips and technical support notes, but also supporting information such as lessons, specific assignments, and activities using JCE Software publications submitted by users. All JCE Softwar

  7. Prospectus 2000

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Holmes, Jon L.; Gettys, Nancy S.

    2000-01-01

    We begin 2000 with a message about our plans for JCE Software and what you will be seeing in this column as the year progresses. Floppy Disk --> CD-ROM Most software today is distributed on CD-ROM or by downloading from the Internet. Several new computers no longer include a floppy disk drive as "standard equipment". Today's software no longer fits on one or two floppies (the installation software alone can require two disks) and the cost of reproducing and distributing several disks is prohibitive. In short, distribution of software on floppy disks is no longer practical. Therefore, JCE Software will distribute all new software publications on CD-ROM rather than on disks. Regular Issues --> Collections Distribution of all our software on CD-ROM allows us to extend our concept of software collections that we started with the General Chemistry Collection. Such collections will contain all the previously published software that is still "in print" (i.e., is compatible with current operating systems and hardware) and any new programs that fall under the topic of the collection. Proposed topics in addition to General Chemistry currently include Advanced Chemistry, Instrument and Laboratory Simulations, and Spectroscopy. Eventually, all regular issues will be replaced by these collections, which will be updated annually or semiannually with new programs and updates to existing programs. Abstracts for all new programs will continue to appear in this column when a collection or its update is ready for publication. We will continue to offer special issues of single larger programs (e.g. Periodic Table Live!, Chemistry Comes Alive! volumes) on CD-ROM and video on videotape. Connect with Your Students outside Class JCE Software has always offered network licenses to allow instructors to make our software available to students in computer labs, but that model no longer fits the way many instructors and students work with computers. Many students (or their families) own a personal computer allowing them much more flexibility than a campus computer lab. Many instructors utilize the World Wide Web, creating HTML pages for students to use. JCE Software has options available to take advantage of both of these developments. Software Adoption To provide students who own computers access to JCE Software programs, consider adopting one or more of our CD-ROMs as you would a textbook. The General Chemistry Collection has been adopted by several general chemistry courses. We can arrange to bundle CDs with laboratory manuals or to be sold separately to students through the campus bookstore. The cost per CD can be quite low (as little as $5) when large numbers are ordered, making this a cost-effective method of allowing students access to the software they need whenever and wherever they desire. Web-Ready Publications Several JCE Software programs use HTML to present the material. Viewed with the ubiquitous Internet Browser, HTML is compatible with both Mac OS and Windows (as well most other current operating systems) and provides a flexible hypermedia interface that is familiar to an increasing number of instructors and students. HTML-based publications are also ready for use on local intranets, with appropriate licensing, and can be readily incorporated into other HTML-based materials. Already published in this format are: Chemistry Comes Alive!, Volumes 1 and 2 (Special Issues 18 and 21), Flying over Atoms (Special Issue 19), and Periodic Table Live! Second Edition (Special Issue 17). Solid State Resources Second Edition (Special Issue 12) and Chemistry Comes Alive!, Volume 3 (Special Issue 23) will be available soon. Other submissions being developed in HTML format include ChemPages Laboratory and Multimedia General Chemistry Problems. Contact the JCE Software office to learn about licensing alternatives that take advantage of the World Wide Web. Periodic Table Live! 2nd ed. is one of JCE Software's "Web-ready" publications. Publication Plans for 2000 We have several exciting new issues planned for publi

  8. Managing U.S. climate risk through mitigation: Insights from the American Climate Prospectus

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kopp, R. E., III; Hsiang, S. M.; Houser, T.; Larsen, K.; Rasmussen, D. M., Jr.; Jina, A.; Rising, J.; Delgado, M.; Mohan, S.; Muir-Wood, R.; Wilson, P. S.

    2014-12-01

    The American Climate Prospectus (ACP), the technical analysis underlying the Risky Business project, quantitatively assessed the economic risks posed to the United States by six categories of climate change impacts: crop yield, energy demand, coastal storm damage, criminal activity, labor productivity, and mortality [1]. At a national level, measured by impact on gross domestic product, increased mortality and decreased labor productivity pose the large risks, followed by increased energy demand and coastal damages. Changes in crop yield and crime have smaller impacts. The ACP was not intended to conduct a benefit-cost analysis of climate change mitigation. It assessed the economic consequences of future impacts on an economy with a structure equivalent to that of the current economy, not accounting for socio-economic development and adaptation, and did not assess the cost of mitigation. One of its primary goals was to inform adaptation decisions that are conventionally considered 'endogenous' in economic analyses of climate change. Nonetheless, its results provide insight into the potential of mitigation to manage climate risk. Differences between RCP 8.5 (moderately-high business-as-usual emissions), RCP 4.5 (moderate mitigation) and RCP 2.6 (extremely strong mitigation) are not apparent until mid-century and become significant only late in the century. For all impacts except coastal damages, mitigation significantly reduces uncertainty in late-century impact estimates. Nationally, mitigation significantly and monotonically reduces median projected labor productivity losses and violent crime. Switching from RCP 8.5 to RCP 4.5 also significantly reduces median projections of mortality and energy demand, but the domestic value to the U.S. of further mitigation to RCP 2.6 is less clear. The marginal benefits decline in part because some regions of the country (especially the Northwest) may experience increased crop yields, reduced mortality, and reduced energy

  9. The American Climate Prospectus: a risk-centered analysis of the economic impacts of climate change

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jina, A.; Houser, T.; Hsiang, S. M.; Kopp, R. E., III; Delgado, M.; Larsen, K.; Mohan, S.; Rasmussen, D.; Rising, J.; Wilson, P. S.; Muir-Wood, R.

    2014-12-01

    The American Climate Prospectus (ACP), the analysis underlying the Risky Business project, quantitatively assessed the climate risks posed to the United States' economy in six sectors - crop yields, energy demand, coastal property, crime, labor productivity, and mortality [1]. The ACP is unique in its characterization of the full probability distribution of economic impacts of climate change throughout the 21st century, making it an extremely useful basis for risk assessments. Three key innovations allow for this characterization. First, climate projections from CMIP5 models are scaled to a temperature probability distribution derived from a coarser climate model (MAGICC). This allows a more accurate representation of the whole distribution of future climates (in particular the tails) than a simple ensemble average. These are downscaled both temporally and spatially. Second, a set of local sea level rise and tropical cyclone projections are used in conjunction with the most detailed dataset of coastal property in the US in order to capture the risks of rising seas and storm surge. Third, we base many of our sectors on empirically-derived responses to temperature and precipitation. Each of these dose-response functions is resampled many times to populate a statistical distribution. Combining these with uncertainty in emissions scenario, climate model, and weather, we create the full probability distribution of climate impacts from county up to national levels, as well as model the effects upon the economy as a whole. Results are presented as likelihood ranges, as well as changes to return intervals of extreme events. The ACP analysis allows us to compare between sectors to understand the magnitude of required policy responses, and also to identify risks through time. Many sectors displaying large impacts at the end of the century, like those of mortality, have smaller changes in the near-term, due to non-linearities in the response functions. Other sectors, like

  10. WWC Review of the Report "Evaluation of the i3 Scale-up of Reading Recovery Year One Report, 2011-12." What Works Clearinghouse Single Study Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2014

    2014-01-01

    For the 2013 study, "Evaluation of the i3 Scale-up of Reading Recovery Year One Report, 2011-12," researchers examined the Year 1 impacts of the Investing in Innovation (i3) scale-up of "Reading Recovery"®, a short-term intervention for struggling readers, on the reading achievement of first-grade students. The analytic sample…

  11. 2011-12 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS:12). Price Estimates for Attending Postsecondary Education Institutions. First Look. NCES 2014-166

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simone, Sean; Radwin, David; Wine, Jennifer; Siegel, Peter; Bryan, Michael

    2013-01-01

    This First Look publication provides price estimates for attending postsecondary education institutions using data from the 2011-12 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS:12), the most comprehensive, nationally representative survey of student financing of postsecondary education in the United States. The survey includes about 95,000…

  12. Education and Certification Qualifications of Public Middle Grades Teachers of Selected Subjects: Evidence from the 2011-12 Schools and Staffing Survey. NCES 2015-815

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baldi, Stéphane; Warner-Griffin, Catharine; Tadler, Chrystine

    2015-01-01

    This report examines the postsecondary majors and teaching certifications of middle grades teachers in public schools in selected subject areas by using data from the 2011-12 Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS). SASS is a sample survey of elementary and secondary schools in the United States that collects data on American public and private…

  13. Characteristics of Public School Districts in the United States: Results from the 2011-12 Schools and Staffing Survey. First Look. NCES 2013-311

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Lucinda; Bitterman, Amy; Goldring, Rebecca

    2013-01-01

    This report presents selected findings from the Public School District Data File of the 2011-12 Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS). SASS is a nationally representative sample survey of public and private K-12 schools, principals, and teachers in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. School districts associated with public schools and library…

  14. Reaching the Limit: Undergraduates Who Borrow the Maximum Amount in Federal Direct Loans: 2011-12. Stats in Brief. NCES 2016-408

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woo, Jennie; Horn, Laura

    2016-01-01

    As college costs continue to rise, students and their families increasingly rely on federal loans to help pay for college expenses. In 2011-12, over half of all undergraduates (52 percent) had borrowed money from the federal government to fund their education, compared with just over one-quarter (27 percent) in 1989-90, some 2 decades. Although…

  15. Public School Teacher Autonomy in the Classroom across School Years 2003-04, 2007-08, and 2011-12. Stats in Brief. NCES 2015-089

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sparks, Dinah; Malkus, Nat

    2015-01-01

    This Statistics in Brief explores teacher autonomy in the classroom during the 2003-04, 2007-08, and 2011-12 school years. Using data from the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), the Statistics in Brief examines a construct of teacher autonomy based on teachers' responses to six questions regarding…

  16. Documentation to the NCES Common Core of Data Local Education Agency Universe Survey: School Year 2011-12. Provisional Version 1a. NCES 2014-035

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keaton, Patrick

    2014-01-01

    This documentation is for the provisional version 1a file of the National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Common Core of Data (CCD) Local Education Agency (LEA) Universe Survey for SY 2011-12. It contains a brief description of the data collection, along with information required to understand and access the data file. The CCD is a…

  17. Starry Eyes and Subservient Selves: Portraits of "Well-Rounded" Girlhood in the Prospectuses of All-Girl Elite Private Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wardman, Natasha; Hutchesson, Rachael; Gottschall, Kristina; Drew, Christopher; Saltmarsh, Sue

    2010-01-01

    This article continues a discussion about the ways in which gender is constructed in the aesthetic presentation and impression management strategies of elite private schools. While before we focused on the construction and promotion of valorised masculinities in elite private boys school prospectuses (Gottschall, Wardman, Edgeworth, Hutchesson &…

  18. Current and Future Experimental Strategies for Structural Analysis of Trichothecene Mycotoxins-A Prospectus

    PubMed Central

    Shank, Roxanne A.; Foroud, Nora A.; Hazendonk, Paul; Eudes, François; Blackwell, Barbara A.

    2011-01-01

    Fungal toxins, such as those produced by members of the order Hypocreales, have widespread effects on cereal crops, resulting in yield losses and the potential for severe disease and mortality in humans and livestock. Among the most toxic are the trichothecenes. Trichothecenes have various detrimental effects on eukaryotic cells including an interference with protein production and the disruption of nucleic acid synthesis. However, these toxins can have a wide range of toxicity depending on the system. Major differences in the phytotoxicity and cytotoxicity of these mycotoxins are observed for individual members of the class, and variations in toxicity are observed among different species for each individual compound. Furthermore, while diverse toxicological effects are observed throughout the whole cellular system upon trichothecene exposure, the mechanism of toxicity is not well understood. In order to comprehend how these toxins interact with the cell, we must first have an advanced understanding of their structure and dynamics. The structural analysis of trichothecenes was a subject of major interest in the 1980s, and primarily focused on crystallographic and solution-state Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopic studies. Recent advances in structural determination through solution- and solid-state NMR, as well as computation based molecular modeling is leading to a resurgent interest in the structure of these and other mycotoxins, with the focus shifting in the direction of structural dynamics. The purpose of this work is to first provide a brief overview of the structural data available on trichothecenes and a characterization of the methods commonly employed to obtain such information. A summary of the current understanding of the relationship between structure and known function of these compounds is also presented. Finally, a prospectus on the application of new emerging structural methods on these and other related systems is discussed. PMID

  19. Acoustic sequences in non-human animals: a tutorial review and prospectus.

    PubMed

    Kershenbaum, Arik; Blumstein, Daniel T; Roch, Marie A; Akçay, Çağlar; Backus, Gregory; Bee, Mark A; Bohn, Kirsten; Cao, Yan; Carter, Gerald; Cäsar, Cristiane; Coen, Michael; DeRuiter, Stacy L; Doyle, Laurance; Edelman, Shimon; Ferrer-i-Cancho, Ramon; Freeberg, Todd M; Garland, Ellen C; Gustison, Morgan; Harley, Heidi E; Huetz, Chloé; Hughes, Melissa; Hyland Bruno, Julia; Ilany, Amiyaal; Jin, Dezhe Z; Johnson, Michael; Ju, Chenghui; Karnowski, Jeremy; Lohr, Bernard; Manser, Marta B; McCowan, Brenda; Mercado, Eduardo; Narins, Peter M; Piel, Alex; Rice, Megan; Salmi, Roberta; Sasahara, Kazutoshi; Sayigh, Laela; Shiu, Yu; Taylor, Charles; Vallejo, Edgar E; Waller, Sara; Zamora-Gutierrez, Veronica

    2016-02-01

    Animal acoustic communication often takes the form of complex sequences, made up of multiple distinct acoustic units. Apart from the well-known example of birdsong, other animals such as insects, amphibians, and mammals (including bats, rodents, primates, and cetaceans) also generate complex acoustic sequences. Occasionally, such as with birdsong, the adaptive role of these sequences seems clear (e.g. mate attraction and territorial defence). More often however, researchers have only begun to characterise - let alone understand - the significance and meaning of acoustic sequences. Hypotheses abound, but there is little agreement as to how sequences should be defined and analysed. Our review aims to outline suitable methods for testing these hypotheses, and to describe the major limitations to our current and near-future knowledge on questions of acoustic sequences. This review and prospectus is the result of a collaborative effort between 43 scientists from the fields of animal behaviour, ecology and evolution, signal processing, machine learning, quantitative linguistics, and information theory, who gathered for a 2013 workshop entitled, 'Analysing vocal sequences in animals'. Our goal is to present not just a review of the state of the art, but to propose a methodological framework that summarises what we suggest are the best practices for research in this field, across taxa and across disciplines. We also provide a tutorial-style introduction to some of the most promising algorithmic approaches for analysing sequences. We divide our review into three sections: identifying the distinct units of an acoustic sequence, describing the different ways that information can be contained within a sequence, and analysing the structure of that sequence. Each of these sections is further subdivided to address the key questions and approaches in that area. We propose a uniform, systematic, and comprehensive approach to studying sequences, with the goal of clarifying

  20. Acoustic sequences in non-human animals: a tutorial review and prospectus.

    PubMed

    Kershenbaum, Arik; Blumstein, Daniel T; Roch, Marie A; Akçay, Çağlar; Backus, Gregory; Bee, Mark A; Bohn, Kirsten; Cao, Yan; Carter, Gerald; Cäsar, Cristiane; Coen, Michael; DeRuiter, Stacy L; Doyle, Laurance; Edelman, Shimon; Ferrer-i-Cancho, Ramon; Freeberg, Todd M; Garland, Ellen C; Gustison, Morgan; Harley, Heidi E; Huetz, Chloé; Hughes, Melissa; Hyland Bruno, Julia; Ilany, Amiyaal; Jin, Dezhe Z; Johnson, Michael; Ju, Chenghui; Karnowski, Jeremy; Lohr, Bernard; Manser, Marta B; McCowan, Brenda; Mercado, Eduardo; Narins, Peter M; Piel, Alex; Rice, Megan; Salmi, Roberta; Sasahara, Kazutoshi; Sayigh, Laela; Shiu, Yu; Taylor, Charles; Vallejo, Edgar E; Waller, Sara; Zamora-Gutierrez, Veronica

    2016-02-01

    Animal acoustic communication often takes the form of complex sequences, made up of multiple distinct acoustic units. Apart from the well-known example of birdsong, other animals such as insects, amphibians, and mammals (including bats, rodents, primates, and cetaceans) also generate complex acoustic sequences. Occasionally, such as with birdsong, the adaptive role of these sequences seems clear (e.g. mate attraction and territorial defence). More often however, researchers have only begun to characterise - let alone understand - the significance and meaning of acoustic sequences. Hypotheses abound, but there is little agreement as to how sequences should be defined and analysed. Our review aims to outline suitable methods for testing these hypotheses, and to describe the major limitations to our current and near-future knowledge on questions of acoustic sequences. This review and prospectus is the result of a collaborative effort between 43 scientists from the fields of animal behaviour, ecology and evolution, signal processing, machine learning, quantitative linguistics, and information theory, who gathered for a 2013 workshop entitled, 'Analysing vocal sequences in animals'. Our goal is to present not just a review of the state of the art, but to propose a methodological framework that summarises what we suggest are the best practices for research in this field, across taxa and across disciplines. We also provide a tutorial-style introduction to some of the most promising algorithmic approaches for analysing sequences. We divide our review into three sections: identifying the distinct units of an acoustic sequence, describing the different ways that information can be contained within a sequence, and analysing the structure of that sequence. Each of these sections is further subdivided to address the key questions and approaches in that area. We propose a uniform, systematic, and comprehensive approach to studying sequences, with the goal of clarifying

  1. Influenza vaccination practices of physicians and caregivers of children with neurologic and neurodevelopmental conditions - United States, 2011-12 influenza season.

    PubMed

    2013-09-13

    Cognitive dysfunction, seizure disorders (epilepsy), and other neurologic disorders are conditions associated with a high risk for complications of influenza virus infection. This risk was observed during the 2009 influenza pandemic; among 336 pediatric deaths, 146 occurred in children with underlying neurologic disorders, most commonly intellectual disability (76%) and epilepsy (51%). Because little is known about influenza-related knowledge and practices among the families and health-care providers of children with neurologic or neurodevelopmental (NND) conditions, CDC worked with Family Voices and the American Academy of Pediatrics to survey parents and physicians during the 2011-12 influenza season to assess these factors. Among 1,005 children with NND conditions, parents reported that 50% of children were vaccinated or had a vaccine appointment scheduled. Vaccination rates were low for children with intellectual disability (52%) and epilepsy (59%). Physician recognition of high-risk conditions was low for intellectual disability (46%) and epilepsy (52%). Efforts to improve physician awareness are essential because physicians are in a key position to educate parents of children with NND conditions about their increased risk for influenza complications and the importance of prevention through vaccination. Further research also is needed to identify barriers to influenza vaccination among families and health-care providers of these children.

  2. State, District, and School Implementation of Reforms Promoted under the Recovery Act: 2009-10 through 2011-12. The Final Report from Charting the Progress of Education Reform: An Evaluation of the Recovery Act's Role. NCEE 2015-4016

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Troppe, Patricia; Milanowski, Anthony; Garrison-Mogren, Roberta; Webber, Ann; Gutmann, Babette; Reisner, Elizabeth; Goertz, Margaret

    2015-01-01

    This report, based on surveys completed by all 50 State Education Agencies (SEAs) and the District of Columbia (DC) and nationally representative samples of districts and schools during spring 2011 and 2012, examines implementation of the key education reform strategies promoted by the Recovery Act in 2011-12, the extent to which implementation…

  3. Characteristics of Public Elementary and Secondary School Library Media Centers in the United States: Results from the 2011-12 Schools and Staffing Survey. First Look. NCES 2013-315

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bitterman, Amy; Gray, Lucinda; Goldring, Rebecca

    2013-01-01

    This report presents selected findings from the Public School Library Media Center Data File of the 2011-12 Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS). SASS is a nationally representative sample survey of public and private K-12 schools, principals, and teachers in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. School districts associated with public schools…

  4. Characteristics of Public and Private Elementary and Secondary School Principals in the United States: Results from the 2011-12 Schools and Staffing Survey. First Look. NCES 2013-313

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bitterman, Amy; Goldring, Rebecca; Gray, Lucinda

    2013-01-01

    This report presents selected findings from the Public School Principal and Private School Principal Data Files of the 2011-12 Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS). SASS is a nationally representative sample survey of public and private K-12 schools, principals, and teachers in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. School districts associated…

  5. Characteristics of Public and Private Elementary and Secondary School Teachers in the United States: Results from the 2011-12 Schools and Staffing Survey. First Look. NCES 2013-314

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldring, Rebecca; Gray, Lucinda; Bitterman, Amy

    2013-01-01

    This report presents selected findings from the Public School Teacher and Private School Teacher Data Files of the 2011-12 Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS). SASS is a nationally representative sample survey of public and private K-12 schools, principals, and teachers in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. School districts associated with…

  6. Vaccine effectiveness of 2011/12 trivalent seasonal influenza vaccine in preventing laboratory-confirmed influenza in primary care in the United Kingdom: evidence of waning intra-seasonal protection.

    PubMed

    Pebody, R G; Andrews, N; McMenamin, J; Durnall, H; Ellis, J; Thompson, C I; Robertson, C; Cottrell, S; Smyth, B; Zambon, M; Moore, C; Fleming, D M; Watson, J M

    2013-01-01

    The 2011/12 season was characterised by unusually late influenza A (H3N2) activity in the United Kingdom (UK). We measured vaccine effectiveness (VE) of the 2011/12 trivalent seasonal influenza vaccine (TIV) in a test-negative case–control study in primary care. Overall VE against confirmed influenza A (H3N2) infection, adjusted for age, surveillance scheme and month, was 23% (95% confidence interval (CI): -10 to 47). Stratified analysis by time period gave an adjusted VE of 43% (95% CI: -34 to 75) for October 2011 to January 2012 and 17% (95% CI: -24 to 45) for February 2012 to April 2012. Stratified analysis by time since vaccination gave an adjusted VE of 53% (95% CI: 0 to 78) for those vaccinated less than three months, and 12% (95% CI: -31 to 41) for those vaccinated three months or more before onset of symptoms (test for trend: p=0.02). For confirmed influenza B infection, adjusted VE was 92% (95% CI: 38 to 99). A proportion (20.6%) of UK influenza A(H3N2) viruses circulating in 2011/12 showed reduced reactivity (fourfold difference in haemagglutination inhibition assays) to the A/Perth/16/2009 2011/12 vaccine component, with no significant change in proportion over the season. Overall TIV protection against influenza A(H3N2) infection was low, with significant intraseasonal waning. PMID:23399424

  7. Characteristics of Public and Private Elementary and Secondary Schools in the United States: Results from the 2011-12 Schools and Staffing Survey. First Look. NCES 2013-312

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bitterman, Amy; Gray, Lucinda; Goldring, Rebecca

    2013-01-01

    This report presents selected findings from the Public School and Private School Data Files of the 2011-12 Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS). SASS is a nationally representative sample survey of public and private K-12 schools, principals, and teachers in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. School districts associated with public schools…

  8. Education and Certification Qualifications of Departmentalized Public High School-Level Teachers of Selected Subjects: Evidence from the 2011-12 Schools and Staffing Survey. NCES 2015-814

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Jason; Stearns, Christina

    2015-01-01

    This report examines the postsecondary majors and teaching certifications of public high school-level teachers of departmentalized classes in selected subject areas by using data from the 2011-12 Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), a sample survey of elementary and secondary schools in the United States. SASS collects data on American public and…

  9. Career Counseling: A Prospectus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoyt, Kenneth B.; Valdez, Delfino

    1974-01-01

    Schools preparing counselors must recogniz e the need for various types of guidance personnel, including paraprofessionals and support persons with less academic preparation and more occupational experience than today's professional counselor. Guidance needs of more students than the gifted must be met, with concrete help and direction in solving…

  10. OBOE containment prospectus

    SciTech Connect

    Burkhard, N R

    1999-11-19

    The OBOE series of experiments presents a new fielding concept for LLNL subcritical experiments. An experimental alcove will be reused for many different experiments. Each individual experiment will be conducted within a steel experimental vessel. After each experiment, the vessel will be moved to the back of the alcove and entombed in grout. The alcove is designed with sufficient space to entomb 12 experiment vessels. Each experiment in the OBOE series of experiments is composed of one experimental package. Each experimental package will have high explosive (HE) and special nuclear material (SNM) in a subcritical assembly. Each experimental package will be placed in a steel experimental vessel within the OBOE zero-room. Each experiment will be detonated inside its experimental vessel in the OBOE zero-room that is formed by a steel and concrete barrier at the entrance to the U1a.102C drift. The containment plan for the OBOE series of experiments utilizes a two containment vessel concept. The first containment vessel is formed by the primary containment barrier that seals the U1a.102C drift. The second containment vessel is formed by the secondary containment barrier in the U1a.100 drift. While it is likely that the experiment vessel will contain the SNM from an experiment, the containment plan for the OBOE series only assumes that the steel experiment vessel provides shock mitigation and is a heat sink for the heat produced by the detonation of the HE. It is possible that one or more of the experimental vessels may seep SNM in the zero-room from a failure of a seal on the vessel. We are presenting a containment plan for the entire series of OBOE experiments. At this time, we do not know exactly how many experiments will actually be conducted in the OBOE series. However, we do know that the maximum number of experiments in the OBOE series is 12. After the final experiment in the OBOE series, a larger experiment will be conducted in the U1a.102C alcove. This experiment will not be part of the OBOE series and a separate containment plan will be presented to the CRP for this experiment. We do not intend to present individual containment plans for each experiment of the OBOE series as long as each experiment falls within the parameters given in this document. If an experiment in the OBOE series falls outside the parameters given in this document, a containment plan for that experiment will be presented to the CRP for a full review.

  11. A Prospectus of Tenomodulin.

    PubMed

    Alexandrov, Vesselin P; Naimov, Samir I

    2016-03-01

    Tenomodulin is a type II transmembrane glycoprotein that can regulate growth of tendon. The human tenomodulin encoding gene is mapped to Х chromosome and encodes a polypeptide consisting of 317 alpha amino acids. The protein is located on the cell surface as N-glycosylated or non-N-glycosylated polypeptide with molecular mass of 45 and 40 kDa, respectively. The molecule consists of three domains and a short cytoplasmic tail at N-terminus. Tenomodulin is predominantly expressed in dense connective hypovascularized tissues such as tendons, skeletal muscle epimysium, and ligaments. Furthermore, tenomodulin is an efficient marker of tenocyte differentiation and plays an important role in the regulation of tenocyte proliferation, tendon development, and angiogenesis inhibition. A number of tenomodulin gene polymorphisms have been recently associated with a risk of obesity, diabetes, systemic immune mediators, cholesterol levels, Alzheimer disease, and age-related macular degeneration. Tenomodulin is involved in cell adhesion, determination of cell morphology, cell aging and bone mineral density. It is expected to play an important role in tendon recovery, tendon tissue engineering, anti-tumor therapy, treatment of chordal disruption, and remodeling of extracellular matrix. PMID:27383874

  12. Constructivist Counselling: A Prospectus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peavy, R. Vance

    1993-01-01

    A constructivist framework for the practice of counseling, especially career counseling, is presented, including an Ethic of Authenticity. New orientations in career counseling (career counseling as a general methodology for life planning) and a new model of the self on which to base the work of counseling is discussed. (LKS)

  13. Bringing the bedside to the bench, and then to the community: a prospectus for intervention research in late-life anxiety disorders

    PubMed Central

    Lenze, Eric J.; Wetherell, Julie Loebach

    2013-01-01

    SUMMARY Background Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent in elderly persons, and they are associated with functional impairment, poorer quality of life, and adverse long-term consequences such as cognitive decline. Intervention research in late-life anxiety disorders (LLAD) lags behind where it ought to be. Research in cognitive neuroscience, aging, and stress intersects in LLAD and provides the opportunity to develop innovative interventions to prevent chronic anxiety and its consequences in this age group. Methods This paper evaluates gaps in the evidence base for treatment of LLAD and synthesizes recent research in cognitive neuroscience, basic behavioral science, stress, and aging. Results We examine three intervention issues in LLAD: (1) prevention; (2) acute treatment; and (3) pre-empting adverse consequences. We propose combining randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with mechanistic biobehavioral methodologies as an optimal approach for developing novel, optimized, and personalized treatments. Additionally, we examine three barriers in the field of LLAD research: (1) How do we measure anxiety?; (2) How do we raise awareness?; (3) How will we ensure our research is applicable to underserved populations (particularly minority groups)? Conclusions This prospectus outlines approaches for intervention research that can reduce the morbidity of LLAD. PMID:18613267

  14. Moving to universal coverage? Trends in the burden of out-of-pocket payments for health care across social groups in India, 1999-2000 to 2011-12.

    PubMed

    Karan, Anup; Selvaraj, Sakthivel; Mahal, Ajay

    2014-01-01

    In the background of ongoing health sector reforms in India, the paper investigates the magnitude and trends in out-of-pocket and catastrophic payments for key population sub-groups. Data from three rounds of nationally representative consumer expenditure surveys (1999-2000, 2004-05 and 2011-12) were pooled to assess changes over time in a range of out-of-pocket -related outcome indicators for the poorest 20% households, scheduled caste and tribe households and Muslims households relative to their better-off/majority religion counterparts. Our results suggest that the poorest 20% of households experienced a decline in the proportion reporting any OOP for inpatient care relative to the top 20% and Muslim households saw an increase in the proportion reporting any inpatient OOP relative to non-Muslim households during 2000-2012. The change in the proportion of Muslim households or SC/ST households reporting any OOP for outpatient care was similar to that for their respective more advantaged counterparts; but the poorest 20% of households experienced a faster increase in the proportion reporting any OOP for outpatient care than their top 20% counterparts. SC/ST, Muslim and the poorest 20% of households experienced as faster increase in the share of outpatient OOP in total household spending relative to their advantaged counterparts. We conclude that the financial burden of out of pocket spending increased faster among the disadvantaged groups relative to their more advantaged counterparts. Although the poorest 20% saw a relative decline in OOP spending on inpatient care as a share of household spending, this is likely the result of foregoing inpatient care, than of accessing benefits from the recent expansion of cashless publicly financed insurance schemes for inpatient care. Our results highlight the need to explore the reasons underlying the lack of effectiveness of existing public health financing programs and public sector health services in reaching less

  15. Moving to universal coverage? Trends in the burden of out-of-pocket payments for health care across social groups in India, 1999-2000 to 2011-12.

    PubMed

    Karan, Anup; Selvaraj, Sakthivel; Mahal, Ajay

    2014-01-01

    In the background of ongoing health sector reforms in India, the paper investigates the magnitude and trends in out-of-pocket and catastrophic payments for key population sub-groups. Data from three rounds of nationally representative consumer expenditure surveys (1999-2000, 2004-05 and 2011-12) were pooled to assess changes over time in a range of out-of-pocket -related outcome indicators for the poorest 20% households, scheduled caste and tribe households and Muslims households relative to their better-off/majority religion counterparts. Our results suggest that the poorest 20% of households experienced a decline in the proportion reporting any OOP for inpatient care relative to the top 20% and Muslim households saw an increase in the proportion reporting any inpatient OOP relative to non-Muslim households during 2000-2012. The change in the proportion of Muslim households or SC/ST households reporting any OOP for outpatient care was similar to that for their respective more advantaged counterparts; but the poorest 20% of households experienced a faster increase in the proportion reporting any OOP for outpatient care than their top 20% counterparts. SC/ST, Muslim and the poorest 20% of households experienced as faster increase in the share of outpatient OOP in total household spending relative to their advantaged counterparts. We conclude that the financial burden of out of pocket spending increased faster among the disadvantaged groups relative to their more advantaged counterparts. Although the poorest 20% saw a relative decline in OOP spending on inpatient care as a share of household spending, this is likely the result of foregoing inpatient care, than of accessing benefits from the recent expansion of cashless publicly financed insurance schemes for inpatient care. Our results highlight the need to explore the reasons underlying the lack of effectiveness of existing public health financing programs and public sector health services in reaching less

  16. It's Not Just the Heat, It's the Humidity: Downscaled Wet-Bulb Temperature Projections and Implication for Future Summer Experiences from the American Climate Prospectus

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rasmussen, D.; Kopp, R. E., III

    2014-12-01

    The health impacts of extreme heat are significantly aggravated when combined with high humidity [1]. Wet-bulb temperature (TwT_w), measured by wrapping a thermometer in a wetted cloth and fully ventilating it, provides a physical metric of the combined effect of both heat and humidity. TwT_w in excess of 30∘^circC is extremely dangerous and has been observed in the US only during the peak of the 1995 Midwest heat wave. Historically unprecedented TwT_w in excess of 33∘^circC represents an extreme threat to human health, with heat stroke likely for fit individuals after less than one hour of shaded activity [2,3]. We present an empirical method for generating downscaled probability distributions of daily maximum TwT_w conditional on dry-bulb temperature. The approach is based upon the statistical relationship between these two parameters, as estimated from reanalysis data. Using statistically downscaled temperature projections for Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs) 8.5, 4.5 and 2.6, we project changes in TwT_w for the next two centuries. We find that dangerously humid days (TwT_w > 27∘^circC) will become increasingly common in the eastern U.S. under RCP 8.5, with the expected number of days per summer surpassing those of Louisiana today in Chicago in 25 years, Washington, D.C. in 30 years, New York City in 50 years and Portland in 60 years. By the end of the century under RCP 8.5, one extraordinarily dangerous (TwT_w > 33∘^circC) day per year is expected in counties currently home to about one-third of the U.S. population. Mitigation can significantly the expected number of extreme wet-bulb temperature days, with only one-eighth of the U.S. population in counties with a 1-in-10 chance per year of an extraordinarily dangerous day by the end of the century under RCP 4.5. References: [1] Liang et al. (2011), Building and Environment 46: 2472-2479, doi:10.1016/j.buildenv.2011.06.013. [2] T. Houser et al. (2014), American Climate Prospectus, www

  17. Meeting summary - Coastal meteorology and oceanography: Report of the third prospectus development team of the U.S. Weather Research Program to NOAA and NSF

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Rotunno, R.; Pietrafesa, L.J.; Allen, J.S.; Colman, B.R.; Dorman, C.M.; Kreitzberg, C.W.; Lord, S.J.; McPhee, M.G.; Mellor, G.L.; Mooers, C.N.K.; Niiler, P.P.; Pielke, R.A.; Powell, M.D.; Rogers, D.P.; Smith, J.D.; Xie, Lingtian; Carbone, R.

    1996-01-01

    U.S. Weather Research Program (USWRP) prospectus development teams (PDTs) are small groups of scientists that are convened by the USWRP lead scientist on a one-time basis to discuss critical issues and to provide advice related to future directions of the program. PDTs are a principal source of information for the Science Advisory Committee, which is a standing committee charged with the duty of making recommendations to the Program Office based upon overall program objectives. PDT-1 focused on theoretical issues, and PDT-2 on observational issues; PDT-3 is the first of several to focus on more specialized topics. PDT-3 was convened to identify forecasting problems related to U.S. coastal weather and oceanic conditions, and to suggest likely solution strategies. There were several overriding themes that emerged from the discussion. First, the lack of data in and over critical regions of the ocean, particularly in the atmospheric boundary layer, and the upper-ocean mixed layer were identified as major impediments to coastal weather prediction. Strategies for data collection and dissemination, as well as new instrument implementation, were discussed. Second, fundamental knowledge of air-sea fluxes and boundary layer structure in situations where there is significant mesoscale variability in the atmosphere and ocean is needed. Companion field studies and numerical prediction experiments were discussed. Third, research prognostic models suggest that future operational forecast models pertaining to coastal weather will be high resolution and site specific, and will properly treat effects of local coastal geography, orography, and ocean state. The view was expressed that the exploration of coupled air-sea models of the coastal zone would be a particularly fruitful area of research. PDT-3 felt that forecasts of land-impacting tropical cyclones, Great Lakes-affected weather, and coastal cyclogenesis, in particular, would benefit from such coordinated modeling and field

  18. Probabilistic Projections of Future Sea-Level Change and Their Implications for Flood Risk Management: Insights from the American Climate Prospectus

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kopp, R. E., III; Delgado, M.; Horton, R. M.; Houser, T.; Little, C. M.; Muir-Wood, R.; Oppenheimer, M.; Rasmussen, D. M., Jr.; Strauss, B.; Tebaldi, C.

    2014-12-01

    damage by 2.6-5.2 billion (1-in-20 chance of >7 billion). Projected increases in tropical cyclone intensity would further increase damages [2]. References: [1] R. E. Kopp et al. (2014), Earth's Future, doi:10.1002/2014EF000239. [2] T. Houser et al. (2014), American Climate Prospectus, www.climateprospectus.org.

  19. Contemplative Science: An Insider Prospectus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Britton, Willoughby B.; Brown, Anne-Catharine; Kaplan, Christopher T.; Goldman, Roberta E.; DeLuca, Marie; Rojiani, Rahil; Reis, Harry; Xi, Mandy; Chou, Jonathan C.; McKenna, Faye; Hitchcock, Peter; Rocha, Tomas A.; Himmelfarb, Josh; Margolis, David M.; Niles, Halsey F.; Eckert, Allison M.; Frank, Tana

    2013-01-01

    Contemplative practices, which engage the subjective or "first-person" perspective, are being incorporated into systems of higher education that have traditionally relied on didactic or "third-person" approaches (Dederer 2007; Kroll 2010; Repetti 2010; Roth 2006; Shapiro, Brown, and Astin 2011; Smith 2006; Zajonc 2006). The students who are…

  20. Moving up. Fordham Sponsorship Accountability Report, 2011-12

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas B. Fordham Foundation, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The Thomas B. Fordham Institute is the nation's leader in advancing educational excellence for every child through quality research, analysis, and commentary, as well as on-the-ground action and advocacy in Ohio. The institute advances: (1) High standards for schools, students and educators; (2) Quality education options for families; (3) A more…

  1. Texas Public School Attrition Study, 2011-12. IDRA Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Roy L.; Montes, Felix

    2012-01-01

    This document contains 3 statistical reports. The first report, "Attrition Rate Decline Seems Promising--Though High Schools are Still Losing One in Four Students" (by Roy L. Johnson), presents results of long-term trend assessments of attrition data in Texas public high schools. The second report, "Slow Declining Pace Keeps Zero Attrition Date at…

  2. Student Exchange Program: Statistical Report: Academic Year, 2011-12

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, 2012

    2012-01-01

    There has been renewed interest in regional cooperation since the economic downturn began in late 2007. In 2012, 14 of 15 Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education (WICHE) states are facing dramatic cuts in their budgets, and economists are cautious about predicting exactly when the economy might begin to improve. Fortunately, the…

  3. Words for Work Report 2011/12: Evaluation Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melvin, Sally; Kenwright, Laura

    2012-01-01

    The National Literacy Trust's Words for Work programme is an innovative way for schools and businesses to join forces and address the nation's employability. Volunteers from the corporate world are partnered with secondary schools within their community to explore speaking and listening in the workplace through a range of workshops, aiming to…

  4. 17 CFR 230.431 - Summary prospectuses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and has filed all the material required to be filed pursuant to sections 13... material to the financial position of the registrant and its consolidated and unconsolidated subsidiaries..., other than the statement required by paragraph (e) of this section, may be expressed in such...

  5. 17 CFR 230.431 - Summary prospectuses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and has filed all the material required to be filed pursuant to sections 13... material to the financial position of the registrant and its consolidated and unconsolidated subsidiaries..., other than the statement required by paragraph (e) of this section, may be expressed in such...

  6. Prospectus for a Chicano Periodical Index Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chabran, Richard

    Seven Southwest Chicano library units propose to collaborate in the first cycle of the development and production of a Chicano Periodical Index. The units intend to provide library users with an indexing system which would improve access of Chicano periodical publications and to provide a model index for future development. The proposed project…

  7. 14 CFR 380.28 - Charter prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., tour itinerary (if any), and statement shall be filed on OST Form 4532. (2)(i) From the charter... filed an OST Form 4533. (3) If a depository agreement is used, a statement from the charter operator... accordance with paragraph (a)(1) of this section. This statement shall be filed on OST Form 4534. (b) Each...

  8. Ecology of Lake Superior: Preface and Prospectus

    EPA Science Inventory

    This Special Issue of Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management (AEHM) is the first of a two-volume set based on papers presented at a three-day International Conference in Duluth MN held in June 2010, and titled “Ecology of Lake Superior: Integrated Approaches and Challenges for t...

  9. San Marcos Astronomical Project and Doctoral Prospectus

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aguilar, M. L.

    2009-05-01

    The Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, UNMSM, in Lima, Perú, is the only Peruvian institution working for the peruvian astronomical development as a career since 1970. We are conforming a network with international friend astronomers to invite them as Visiting Lectures to assure the academic level for the future doctoral studies in the UNMSM. The Chancellor of UNMSM has decided that the Astronomical Project is a UNMSM Project, to encourage and advance in this scientific and strategical area, to impulse the modernity of Peru, the major effort will be the building of the San Marcos Astronomical Observatory, with a telescope of 1 meter aperture.

  10. Containment Prospectus for the PIANO Experiment

    SciTech Connect

    Burkhard, N R

    2001-03-23

    PIANO is a dynamic, subcritical, zero-yield experiment intended for execution in the U1a.102C drift of the U1a complex at the Nevada Test Site (NTS) (Figure 1). The data from the PIANO experiment will be used in the Stockpile Stewardship Program to assess the aging of nuclear weapon components and to better model the long-term performance of the weapons in the enduring stockpile. The PIANO experiment is composed of one experimental package. The experimental package will have high explosive (HE) and special nuclear material (SNM) in a subcritical assembly. The containment plan for the PIANO series of experiments utilizes a two-containment-vessel concept. The first Containment vessel is formed by the primary containment barrier that seals the U1a.102C drift. The second containment vessel is formed by the secondary containment barrier in the U100 drift. The PIANO experiment is the final experiment to be conducted in the U1a.102C alcove. It will be an ''open'' experiment--meaning that PIANO will not utilize a confinement vessel as the previous OBOE experiments in this alcove did. We expect that the SNM from the PIANO experiment will be fully contained within the first containment vessel.

  11. Containment Prospectus for the TRUMPET Experiments

    SciTech Connect

    Pawloski, G A

    2004-02-05

    TRUMPET is a series of dynamic subcritical experiments planned for execution in the U1a.102D alcove of the U1a Complex at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The location of LLNL drifts at the U1a Complex is shown in Figure 1. The data from the TRUMPET experiments will be used in the Stockpile Stewardship Program to assess the aging of nuclear weapons components and to better model the long-term performance of weapons in the enduring stockpile. The TRUMPET series of experiments will be conducted in an almost identical way as the OBOE series of experiments. Individual TRUMPET experiments will be housed in an experiment vessel, as was done for OBOE. These vessels are the same as those utilized for OBOE. All TRUMPET experiments will occur in the zero room in the U1a.102D alcove, which is on the opposite side of the U1a.102 drift from U1a.102C, which housed the OBOE experiments. The centerlines of these two alcoves are separated by only 10 feet. As with OBOE experiments, expended TRUMPET experiment vessels will be moved to the back of the alcove and entombed in grout. After the TRUMPET series of experiments is completed, another experiment will be sited in the U1a.102D alcove and it will be the final experiment in the zero room, as was similarly done for the OBOE series of experiments followed by the execution of the PIANO experiment. Each experimental package for TRUMPET will be composed of high explosive (HE) and special nuclear material (SNM) in a subcritical assembly. Each experimental package will be placed in an experimental vessel within the TRUMPET zero room in the U1a.102D alcove. The containment plan for the TRUMPET experiments utilizes a two-nested containment vessel concept, similar to OBOE and other subcritical experiments in the U1a Complex. The first containment vessel is formed by the primary containment barrier that seals the U1a.102D drift. The second containment vessel is formed by the secondary containment barrier in the U1a.100 drift. While it is likely that the experiment vessel will contain the SNM from the experiment, the containment plan for the TRUMPET experiments only assumes that the experiment vessel provides shock mitigation and serves as a sink for the heat produced by the detonation of the HE. It is possible that one or more of the experiment vessels may seep SNM into the zero room from a failure of a seal on the vessel. This containment plan covers the entire series of TRUMPET experiments. At this time, we don't know exactly how many experiments will actually be conducted in the TRUMPET series. However, we know that the maximum planned number of experiments in the TRUMPET series is 20. This number may be modified on the basis of results obtained from each TRUMPET experiment. After the final experiment in the TRUMPET series is completed, a larger experiment will be conducted in the U1a.102D alcove. A separate containment plan will be developed and presented to the Containment Review Panel (CRP) for that larger experiment. As with OBOE, this containment plan is intended to cover all TRUMPET experiments. We will not develop a separate containment plan for each experiment. Before each experiment we will present a statement to the CRP that each TRUMPET experiment falls within the parameters presented in this document. If an experiment falls outside the parameters in this document, a containment plan for that experiment will be developed and presented to the CRP for a full containment review.

  12. Geothermal energy for Hawaii: a prospectus

    SciTech Connect

    Yen, W.W.S.; Iacofano, D.S.

    1981-01-01

    An overview of geothermal development is provided for contributors and participants in the process: developers, the financial community, consultants, government officials, and the people of Hawaii. Geothermal energy is described along with the issues, programs, and initiatives examined to date. Hawaii's future options are explored. Included in appendices are: a technical glossary, legislation and regulations, a geothermal directory, and an annotated bibliography. (MHR)

  13. Overtraining and exercise motivation: A research prospectus

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hackney, Anthony C.

    1989-01-01

    The problems of exercise overtraining has recently become one of great interest to professionals in the field of human performance assessment. Quite obviously, the ultimate goal of the training process is to improve physical performance. However, excessive training can result in the opposite effect, that is, a performance decline and an impairment in the functional work capacity of the body. Research indicates that both psychological as well as physiological disturbances are quite common in overtrained individuals. For example, psychological changes include increased levels of depression, fatigue, and a lack of motivation. Similarly, impairment of the physiological function of the cardiovascular, metabolic, and endocrine systems also have been found. Some similarities may be found in the psychological and physiological states of crew members exposed to extended space flight and overtrained individuals. Therefore, the possibility exists that the crew members subjected to extended missions in space may develop overstressed or overtrained or both states during their flights. If such states do develop within the crew members, mission performance may be impaired. With these points as a background, the intent is to address potential research directions that NASA may consider viable and of a mutual interest to the researcher. A clear framework by which to begin discussion of research topics is needed; therefore, working definitions of overtraining and exercise motivation are presented. Subsequently, a proposed conceptional model of how exercise overtraining and motivation interact is presented. In support of the proposed model is a brief literature review of relevant areas. Potential research projects are presented and discussed.

  14. 78 FR 5239 - Public Charter Prospectuses

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-24

    .... These revisions refer to a notice dated November 13, 2012, appearing at 77 FR 69692 (Nov. 20, 2012). FOR... Federal Register (77 FR 69692 (Nov. 20, 2012)), the notice was also posted at www.regulations.gov and on... and was widely distributed by email to persons who regularly communicate with the office....

  15. Family League 2011-12 Out of School Time Programs in Baltimore City

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Linda S.; Connolly, Faith; Kommajesula, Alok H.

    2013-01-01

    Out of School Time (OST) programs have been shown to promote positive personal, academic and social development (Huang, Gribbons, Kim, Lee, & Baker, 2000; Welsh et al., 2002). The Family League of Baltimore City works with partners to sponsor a range of after-school programs in Baltimore City Public Schools (City Schools) to provide healthy…

  16. Simpson's Paradox and Confounding Factors in University Rankings: A Demonstration Using QS 2011-12 Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soh, Kay Cheng

    2012-01-01

    University ranking has become ritualistic in higher education. Ranking results are taken as bona fide by rank users. Ranking systems usually use large data sets from highly heterogeneous universities of varied backgrounds. This poses the problem of Simpson's Paradox and the lurking variables causing it. Using QS 2011-2012 Ranking data, the dual…

  17. Provision of clinical forensic medical services in Australia: a qualitative survey 2011/12.

    PubMed

    Stark, Margaret M; Payne-James, J Jason

    2014-01-01

    The provision of clinical forensic medicine services is dependent on jurisdiction and relevant legal instruments. A needs analysis was performed to understand the current service provision within NSW and compare and contrast the service with other jurisdictions in Australia. The aim of this study was therefore to identify the roles, functions and clinical forensic medical services currently provided in the different Australian jurisdictions.

  18. Postsecondary Completers and Completions: 2011-12. Web Tables. NCES 2014-033

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ginder, Scott; Stearns, Christina

    2014-01-01

    In 2009, President Barack Obama set forth a goal that America would have the highest percentage of college graduates (associate's and bachelor's degree recipients) in the world by 2020. The U.S. Department of Education estimated that to reach this goal, the number of college graduates would need to increase by 50 percent nationwide by…

  19. Tuition and Fees in the West 2011-12. Policy Insights

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prescott, Brian T.

    2012-01-01

    This issue of "Policy Insights" reviews the results from an annual survey, conducted by the Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education (WICHE), of tuition and fees at public colleges and universities in the WICHE region (which includes Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oregon,…

  20. 2011-12 IPEGS Training for School Administrators: Survey Results. Research Brief. Volume 1105

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shneyderman, Aleksandr

    2012-01-01

    The survey results indicate that school administrators are familiar with the Instructional Performance Evaluation and Growth System (IPEGS); most rate themselves as proficient in conducting teacher observations. In addition, a majority of school administrators report a high degree of familiarity with both the IPEGS standards and the four-point…

  1. Slowing Entropy: Instructional Policy Design in New York City, 2011-12. Research Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Supovitz, Jonathan

    2013-01-01

    District policy makers never have more potential influence than when they are crafting a Policy. In this paper Jonathan Supovitz argues, that the success of an instructional policy depends to some extent on the choices made in its crafting before it is let loose upon the world. The way a policy is framed and designed has important implications for…

  2. Facilities Performance Indicators Report 2011-12: Tracking Your Facilities Vital Signs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    APPA: Association of Higher Education Facilities Officers, 2013

    2013-01-01

    This paper provides an expanded Web-based "Facilities Performance Indicators (FPI) Report." The purpose of APPA's Facilities Performance Indicators is to provide a representative set of statistics about facilities in educational institutions. APPA's Information and Research Committee's goal for this year was to enhance the…

  3. A Review of Models for Computer-Based Testing. Research Report 2011-12

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luecht, Richard M.; Sireci, Stephen G.

    2011-01-01

    Over the past four decades, there has been incremental growth in computer-based testing (CBT) as a viable alternative to paper-and-pencil testing. However, the transition to CBT is neither easy nor inexpensive. As Drasgow, Luecht, and Bennett (2006) noted, many design engineering, test development, operations/logistics, and psychometric changes…

  4. The 2011-12 CINDY/DYNAMO Indian Ocean Field Campaign

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Chidong; Yoneyama, Kunio

    2013-04-01

    The CINDY/DYNAMO field campaign took place in the Indian Ocean from October 1, 2011 though March 31, 2012, with participations from 16 countries. Its main goal is to advance our understanding of key physical processes for initiation of the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) and our ability of predicting it. Its platform and main instruments include four research vessels, two airplanes, three radar sites of total 12 radars of different wavelengths, four moorings, and a research sounding array embedded in an enhanced operation sounding network spanning from East Africa and Western Pacific in both hemispheres. This presentation provides an overview of the CINDY/DYNAMO field campaign, with descriptions of its observing strategy, data collection, and selected preliminary results. Special attention will be paid to issues related to evolution of cloud population and associated variability in large-scale moisture, wind and aerosol through the initiation stages of the MJO.

  5. Student Financial Aid, Academic Year 2011-12. First Look. (Provisional Data). NCES 2013-178

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ginder, Scott A.; Kelly-Reid, Janice E.

    2013-01-01

    The Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) collects institution-level data from postsecondary institutions in the United States (50 states and the District of Columbia) and other U.S. jurisdictions (see appendix A for a list of other U.S. jurisdictions). This "First Look" presents findings from the provisional data of the IPEDS…

  6. Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development 2009/10-2011/12 Service Plan Update

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development's overarching purpose is to position British Columbia to meet the competitive challenges of the twenty-first century through better aligning labour market supply and demand. In the six months since the Ministry issued its February 2009 service plan and the subsequent re-election of…

  7. PREFACE: EMAS 2011: 12th European Workshop on Modern Developments in Microbeam Analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brisset, François; Dugne, Olivier; Robaut, Florence; Lábár, János L.; Walker, Clive T.

    2012-03-01

    This volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering contains papers from the 12th Workshop of the European Microbeam Analysis Society (EMAS) on Modern Developments and Applications in Microbeam Analysis, which took place from the 15-19 May 2011 in the Angers Congress Centre, Angers, France. The primary aim of this series of workshops is to assess the state-of-the-art and reliability of microbeam analysis techniques. The workshops also provide a forum where students and young scientists starting out on a career in microbeam analysis can meet and discuss with the established experts. The workshops have a very specific format comprising invited plenary lectures by internationally recognized experts, poster presentations by the participants and round table discussions on the key topics led by specialists in the field. This workshop was organized in collaboration with GN-MEBA - Groupement National de Microscopie Electronique à Balayage et de microAnalysis, France. The technical programme included the following topics: the limits of EPMA, new techniques, developments and concepts in microanalysis, microanalysis in the SEM, and new and less common applications of micro- and nanoanalysis. As at previous workshops there was also a special oral session for young scientists. The best presentation by a young scientist was awarded with an invitation to attend the 2012 Microscopy and Microanalysis meeting at Phoenix, Arizona. The prize went to Pierre Burdet, of the Federal Institute of Technology of Lausanne (EPFL), for his talk entitled '3D EDS microanalysis by FIB-SEM: enhancement of elemental quantification'. The continuing relevance of the EMAS workshops and the high regard in which they are held internationally can be seen from the fact that 74 posters from 18 countries were on display at the meeting, and that the participants came from as far away as Japan, Canada and the USA. A selection of participants with posters were invited to give a short oral presentation of their work in three dedicated sessions. The prize for the best poster was an invitation to participate in the 22nd Australian Conference on Microscopy and Microanalysis (ACMM 22) at Perth, Western Australia. The prize was awarded to G Samardzija of the Jozef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana, for the poster entitled: 'EPMA-WDS quantitative compositional analysis of barium titanate ceramics doped with cerium'. This proceedings volume contains the full texts of 5 of the invited plenary lectures and of 23 papers on related topics originating from the posters presented at the workshop. All the papers have been subjected to peer review by a least two referees. January 2012 Acknowledgements On behalf of the European Microbeam Analysis Society I would like to thank all the invited speakers, session chairs and members of the discussion panels for making the meeting such a great success. Special thanks go to François Brisset and Luc Van't dack who directed the organisation of the workshop giving freely of their time and talents. As was the case for previous workshops, the EMAS board in corpore was responsible for the scientific programme. The technical exhibition, which occupied 130 sq.m of floor space, was outstanding. It was very encouraging to see new instruments on display, including a FEG electron microprobe as a first worldwide presentation. Moreover, almost all the companies that exhibited provided financial support, either by sponsoring an event or by advertising. Below, in alphabetical order, is a list of exhibiting companies and sponsors of the workshop: Ametek GmbH, Edax Business UnitGN-MEBA Bruker Nano GmbHJeol (Europe) SAS CamecaL'Oréal, Direction Générale Recherche et Innovation Carl Zeiss NTSNanoMEGAS sprl Commissariat à l'Energie AtomiqueOxford Instruments SAS European Institute for Transuranium Elements (Germany)Probe Software, Inc. ElexienceSAMx FEI CompanyTarget-Messtechnik Fondis Electronic SAThermo Fisher Scientific Gatan (France) Clive T. Walker EMAS President

  8. The Talking Dictionary. The Prospectus Series, Paper No. 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward, Ted

    Three talking dictionaires designed to increase independence and resource-use skills of handicapped children have specific advantages and limitations. System I involves a random access tape recorder, a printed or braille dictionary which contains the inquiry numbers for words, a console (similar to an adding machine) on which the number is…

  9. A Prospectus: The Connecticut Wilderness School. 1976-77.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beckham, Joe; Flood, John

    Created in 1974, the Connecticut Wilderness School is a successful program for breaking patterns of failure due to negative self-image and instilling positive values of confidence and responsibility in order to develop constructive attitudes and behaviors in young people aged 15 to 20 who have run into trouble with the law. The wilderness program…

  10. [Influence between sleep and epilepsy: synopsis and prospectus].

    PubMed

    Leonetta, V; Livani, M L; Di Benedetto, G; Nebbioso, M

    2010-01-01

    The authors studied the possible theories on the function of the sleep and provided specific information on its representation. They believe useful the hypnogram in monitoring on the pathophysiology of the processes characterized by clinical and subclinical sleep involvement. The continuous and simultaneous registration of the sleep activities by polysomnography have been developed for the evaluation of neurologic diseases with various technique applications: electroencephalography (EEG), electromyography (EMG), and electroculography (EOG). Cyiclic Alternative Pattern (CAP) represents two alternate phases of partial awakening followed from deepened sleeping. Besides CAP rate measures percentage of CAP relative to the quiet sleep or non-Rapid Eyes Movement (non-REM) sleep. There is an intimate relationship between sleep and epilepsy. Sleep is an important activator of interictal epileptiform discharges. The localization of the primary epileptogenic area is more reliable in REM sleep than in wakefulness, and in wakefulness more than in slow-wave sleep. The authors also discuss the role of sleep and sleep deprivation in the EEG evaluation of epilepsy. PMID:20949246

  11. Vocational-Technical Education; A Prospectus for Change.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schaefer, Carl J., Ed.; Kaufman, Jacob J., Ed.

    To seek resolution of problems in providing education for youth and adults oriented toward the world of work, the Massachusetts Advisory Council on Education (MACE) undertook a study of vocational-technical education as a major project. This publication contains the major papers and prepared reactions to these papers, which were presented at a…

  12. The Yale Higher Education Research Project: A Provisional Prospectus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dresch, Stephen P.

    While initially focused on the potential consequences of alternative capital market innovations, this project was initiated in the fall of 1972 as one outgrowth of the introduction at Yale University of the Tuition Postponement Option. A Tuition Postponement is viewed as a means of enabling students to bear an increased share of the cost of…

  13. A prospectus for a theory of variable variability

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Childress, S.; Spiegel, E. A.

    1981-01-01

    It is proposed that the kind of stellar variability exhibited by the Sun in its magnetic activity cycle should be considered as a prototype of a class of stellar variability. The signature includes long 'periods' (compared to that of the radial fundamental model), erratic behavior, and intermittency. As other phenomena in the same variability class we nominate the liminosity fluctuations of ZZ Ceti stars and the solar 160 m oscillation. We discuss the possibility that analogous physical mechanisms are at work in all these cases, namely instabilities driven in a thin layer. These instabilities should be favorable to grave modes (in angle) and should arise in conditions that may allow more than one kind of instability to occur at once. The interaction of these competing instabilities produces complicated temporal variations. Given suitable idealizations, it is shown how to begin to compute solutions of small, but finite, amplitude.

  14. 36 CFR 223.229 - Contents of prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...: (a) The minimum acceptable value or unit price for a product and the amount or rate of any deposits required in addition to the unit price of a product; (b) The amount of the bid guarantee that must... acreage; (e) The estimated volumes, quality, size, or other appropriate measure for the special...

  15. 17 CFR 230.420 - Legibility of prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... rule 482 (17 CFR 230.482) may be in roman type at least as large and as legible as 8-point modern type... data included therein shall be in roman type at least as large and as legible as 10-point modern...

  16. 17 CFR 230.420 - Legibility of prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... rule 482 (17 CFR 230.482) may be in roman type at least as large and as legible as 8-point modern type... data included therein shall be in roman type at least as large and as legible as 10-point modern...

  17. 17 CFR 230.420 - Legibility of prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... rule 482 (17 CFR 230.482) may be in roman type at least as large and as legible as 8-point modern type... data included therein shall be in roman type at least as large and as legible as 10-point modern...

  18. 17 CFR 230.420 - Legibility of prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... rule 482 (17 CFR 230.482) may be in roman type at least as large and as legible as 8-point modern type... data included therein shall be in roman type at least as large and as legible as 10-point modern...

  19. 17 CFR 230.420 - Legibility of prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... rule 482 (17 CFR 230.482) may be in roman type at least as large and as legible as 8-point modern type... data included therein shall be in roman type at least as large and as legible as 10-point modern...

  20. 17 CFR 230.134 - Communications not deemed a prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... limited to the following: the name of the issuer of the security, the address, phone number, and e-mail... brief indication of the general type of business of the issuer, limited to the following: (i) In the... of the filed registration statement; (8) The name, address, phone number, and e-mail address of...

  1. Plausible etiology of brain dysconnectivity in autism - Review and prospectus.

    PubMed

    Steinman, Gary

    2015-10-01

    This report summarizes recent findings related to the neuropathology of autism. Combining the relevant observations assessed here, a comprehensive, coherent hypothesis explaining the etiology of juvenile autism may be deduced. This proposed mechanism describes a process initiated by insulin-like growth factor deficiency, resulting in brain dysconnectivity as central to the behavioral manifestations of this disease.

  2. Future project concerning mass disaster management: a forensic odontology prospectus.

    PubMed

    Nuzzolese, Emilio; Di Vella, Giancarlo

    2007-08-01

    The world has experienced a plethora of mass disasters in recent years: acts of terrorism, bombings, earthquakes, hurricanes, typhoons, air crashes and other transportation mishaps, not to mention armed conflicts and migrants drowned in the Mediterranean Sea. In reviewing mass disasters to date, the principal difficulties have not changed: (1) large numbers of humans fragmented, co-mingled, and burned remains; (2) difficulty in determining who was involved in the disaster; (3) acquisition of useful medical and dental records and radiographs; (4) legal, jurisdictional, organisational, and political issues; (5) internal and external documentation and communication problems; (6) application of universal human forensic identification codes. Forensic dentistry plays a major role in victim identification. DNA and dental identification of human remains depends on sufficient availability of ante mortem information, existence of sufficient post mortem material and a comparison or match between ante and post mortem details. Forensic odontology is a specialty with a specific training, and cannot simply be carried out by dentists without such training. Strategies for developing an international forensic odontology capacity and resources are needed for the management of dead bodies following a mass disaster, together with universal guidelines and codes. To this end, Interpol's forms have proved to be a good starting point to meet these requirements.

  3. 17 CFR 230.460 - Distribution of preliminary prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... upon requests for acceleration of the effective date of a registration statement shall have due regard... order to obtain the Statement of Additional Information. (c) The granting of acceleration will not...

  4. GRA prospectus: optimizing design and management of protected areas

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bernknopf, Richard; Halsing, David

    2001-01-01

    Protected areas comprise one major type of global conservation effort that has been in the form of parks, easements, or conservation concessions. Though protected areas are increasing in number and size throughout tropical ecosystems, there is no systematic method for optimally targeting specific local areas for protection, designing the protected area, and monitoring it, or for guiding follow-up actions to manage it or its surroundings over the long run. Without such a system, conservation projects often cost more than necessary and/or risk protecting ecosystems and biodiversity less efficiently than desired. Correcting these failures requires tools and strategies for improving the placement, design, and long-term management of protected areas. The objective of this project is to develop a set of spatially based analytical tools to improve the selection, design, and management of protected areas. In this project, several conservation concessions will be compared using an economic optimization technique. The forest land use portfolio model is an integrated assessment that measures investment in different land uses in a forest. The case studies of individual tropical ecosystems are developed as forest (land) use and preservation portfolios in a geographic information system (GIS). Conservation concessions involve a private organization purchasing development and resource access rights in a certain area and retiring them. Forests are put into conservation, and those people who would otherwise have benefited from extracting resources or selling the right to do so are compensated. Concessions are legal agreements wherein the exact amount and nature of the compensation result from a negotiated agreement between an agent of the conservation community and the local community. Funds are placed in a trust fund, and annual payments are made to local communities and regional/national governments. The payments are made pending third-party verification that the forest expanse and quality have been maintained.

  5. The paleoclimatology of Lake Baikal: A diatom synthesis and prospectus

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mackay, Anson W.

    2007-06-01

    The paleoclimatic archive held in Lake Baikal sediments is of significant importance, given the lake's position in one of the world's most continental regions where there are few continuous, high quality records spanning the Quaternary. Here I review diatom and associated biogenic silica records from Lake Baikal sediments and provide a paleoclimatic synthesis of changes at various timescales over the Quaternary. I initially highlight major climatic and hydrological aspects of Lake Baikal, as understanding the contemporary system (both regionally and within the lake) are fundamental to understanding past change interpreted from the sedimentary archive. In this respect, special attention is given to factors that can affect the integrity of the diatom record, most notably dissolution processes. These mechanisms are likely to have had a relatively greater impact on the preservation of diatom valves during glacial periods because of overall lower diatom productivity. Lower diatom numbers and relative increased dissolution during cold periods explains the lack of diatoms and low biogenic silica concentrations found in the lake sediments during glacial periods. The biogenic record highlights the nature of the 100 ka cycle especially during the last 800 ka, although there is also a strong precessional component. Further work is needed to reassess biological responses in Lake Baikal with respect to different orbital forcing mechanisms, together with their impacts on evolution and speciation of diatoms. The biological record from Lake Baikal confirms that the last interglacial in central Asia lasted approximately 10.5 ka. Productivity in the lake (as inferred from diatom biovolume accumulation rates) exhibits millennial-scale variability with the occurrence of centennial-scale reductions in diatom biomass throughout the last interglacial period. The most severe reduction in diatom biomass (at c. 120 ka BP) is concurrent with millennial-scale cooling in the North Atlantic region. Links to changes in North Atlantic ocean thermohaline circulation via teleconnections are also evident in the nature of the abrupt ecological changes in the lake throughout the last 60 ka, linked to ice-rafting into the North Atlantic, otherwise known as Heinrich events. New robust radiocarbon chronologies for sediments deposited during the late glacial and Holocene in Lake Baikal allow detailed, multi-decadal records to be constructed for the last 14,000 years. Cooling events associated with millennial-scale cycles are also apparent in the Lake Baikal record, and both the diatom record and oxygen isotope record of the diatom silica highlight that biological responses to these abrupt events are almost simultaneous. Comparisons made between Lake Baikal records with others worldwide highlights that many of the Holocene cooling events are associated with melt-water outburst from the Laurentide ice sheet, and changes in solar insolation. During the last 1000 years, snow cover on Lake Baikal has been inferred from past diatom assemblages, and is closely linked to weakening of the North Atlantic Oscillation, allowing increasing intensity of the Siberian High to develop and during the 17th and 18th centuries. In the last 150 years, diatom species have been shown to be sensitive indicators of recent warming. However, impacts from future global warming will be complex, and are likely to impact not only on the balance between endemic and cosmopolitan diatoms throughout the lake, but on the balance between siliceous and non-siliceous algae, and sources of primary productivity.

  6. A Prospectus for Workplace Learning in the Hospitality Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teare, Richard E., Ed.

    1998-01-01

    Includes "Relating Strategy, Structure and Performance" (Richard E. Teare, Jorge Costa, Gavin Eccles); "Interpreting and Responding to Customer Needs" (Richard E. Teare); "Developing a Curriculum for Organisational Learning" (Richard E. Teare); and "Implementing Virtual Support for Workplace Learning" (Richard E. Teare). (SK)

  7. 17 CFR 230.481 - Information required in prospectuses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Securities and Exchange Commission has not approved or disapproved of the securities or passed upon the... offense. The legend may be in one of the following or other clear and concise language: Example A: The Securities and Exchange Commission has not approved or disapproved these securities or passed upon...

  8. A prospectus for Thematic Mapper research in the Earth sciences

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1984-01-01

    Earth science applications of Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery are discussed. Prospective research themes are defined in a general sense in relation to the technical measurement capabilities of the TM and the various types of Earth information that can potentially be derived from multispectral TM imagery. An overview of the system developed to acquire and reduce TM data is presented. The technical capabilities of this system are presented in detail. The orbital performance of the TM sensor is described, based upon the analysis of LANDSAT 4 and 5 TM data collected to date.

  9. 17 CFR 230.134 - Communications not deemed a prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... price range otherwise required by rule: (1) Factual information about the legal identity and business... country of organization, and the geographic areas in which it conducts business; (2) The title of the... securities; (3) A brief indication of the general type of business of the issuer, limited to the...

  10. Postsecondary Institutions and Cost of Attendance in 2012-13;Degrees and Other Awards Conferred, 2011-12; and 12-Month Enrollment, 2011-12. First Look (Preliminary Data). NCES 2013-289

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ginder, Scott A.; Kelly-Reid, Janice E.

    2013-01-01

    The Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) collects institution-level data from postsecondary institutions in the United States (50 states and the District of Columbia) and other U.S. jurisdictions. This "First Look" presents findings from the preliminary data of the IPEDS fall 2012 data collection, which included three survey…

  11. Postsecondary Institutions and Cost of Attendance in 2012-13; Degrees and Other Awards Conferred, 2011-12; and 12-Month Enrollment, 2011-12. First Look (Provisional Data). NCES 2013-289rev

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ginder, Scott A.; Kelly-Reid, Janice E.

    2013-01-01

    The Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) collects institution-level data from postsecondary institutions in the United States (50 states and the District of Columbia) and other U.S. jurisdictions. This First Look presents findings from the provisional data of the IPEDS fall 2012 data collection, which included three survey…

  12. Detections, concentrations, and distributional patterns of compounds of emerging concern in the San Antonio River Basin, Texas, 2011-12

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Opsahl, Stephen P.; Lambert, Rebecca B.

    2013-01-01

    The distributional patterns of detections and concentrations of individual compounds and compound classes show the influence of wastewater-treatment plant (WWTP) outfalls on the quality of water in the San Antonio River Basin. In the Medina River Subbasin, the minimal influence of wastewater is evident as far downstream as the Macdona site. Downstream from the Macdona site, the Medina River receives treated municipal wastewater from both the Medio Creek Water Recycling Center site from an unnamed tributary at the plant and the Leon Creek Water Recycling Center site from Comanche Creek at the plant, and corresponding increases in both the number of detections and the total concentrations of all measured compounds at all downstream sampling sites were evident. Similarly, the San Antonio River receives treated municipal wastewater as far upstream as the SAR Witte site (San Antonio River at Witte Museum, San Antonio, Tex.) and additional WWTP outfalls along the Medina River upstream from the confluence of the Medina and San Antonio Rivers. Consequently, all samples collected along the main stem of the San Antonio River had higher concentrations of CECs in comparison to sites without upstream WWTPs. Sites in urbanized areas without upstream WWTPs include the Leon 35 site (Leon Creek at Interstate Highway 35, San Antonio, Tex.), the Alazan site (Alazan Creek at Tampico Street, San Antonio, Tex.), and the San Pedro site (San Pedro Creek at Probandt Street, at San Antonio, Tex.). The large number of detections at sites with no upstream wastewater source demonstrated that CECs can be detected in streams flowing through urbanized areas without a large upstream source of treated municipal wastewater. A general lack of detection of pharmaceuticals in streams without upstream outfalls of treated wastewater appears to be typical for streams throughout the San Antonio River Basin and may be a useful indicator of point-source versus nonpoint-source contributions of these compounds in urban streams. Observations of lower concentrations of compounds at the furthest downstream sampling sites in the basin indicate some natural attenuation of these compounds during transport; however, a more focused assessment is needed to make this determination.

  13. 76 FR 12564 - Subsistence Management Regulations for Public Lands in Alaska-2011-12 and 2012-13 Subsistence...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-08

    ... published temporary regulations to carry out this program in the Federal Register on June 29, 1990 (55 FR 27114), and final regulations were published in the Federal Register on May 29, 1992 (57 FR 22940). The... published in the Federal Register on May 29, 1992 (57 FR 22940). The regulations at 36 CFR 242.4 and 50...

  14. Prevalence and Distribution of Vibrio spp. in Wild Aquatic Birds of the Southern Caribbean Sea, Venezuela, 2011-12.

    PubMed

    Fernández-Delgado, Milagro; Sanz, Virginia; Giner, Sandra; Suárez, Paula; Contreras, Monica; Michelangeli, Fabian; García-Amado

    2016-07-01

    Vibrio spp. are associated with waterbirds mainly in temperate latitudes. We evaluated the prevalence and distribution of Vibrio spp. from fecal samples of resident and migratory aquatic birds collected during October 2011 and March 2012 at two coastal sites in the tropical southern Caribbean Sea. We amplified DNA by PCR in 40% of samples, resulting in 47% and 36% estimated prevalence for resident and migratory birds in Cuare Wildlife Refuge, and 33% and 44% in Margarita Island, respectively. We found nontoxigenic Vibrio cholerae in Cuare Wildlife Refuge with a higher prevalence in resident birds (18%). Our PCR results for Vibrio and V. cholerae were not significantly different between sites or bird migratory status. The 16S rRNA phylogenetic analysis sequences from fecal samples from Cuare Wildlife Refuge were highly similar to V. cholerae and Vibrio vulnificus , whereas sequences from Margarita Island samples formed clusters with species related to the Harveyi clade. Our findings indicate that several species of Vibrio are common in aquatic birds along the southern Caribbean Sea and contribute to our understanding of the role of birds as possible reservoirs of potentially pathogenic bacteria.

  15. Hydrostratigraphic interpretation of test-hole and borehole geophysical data, Kimball, Cheyenne, and Deuel Counties, Nebraska, 2011-12

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Hobza, Christopher M.; Sibray, Steven S.

    2014-01-01

    Recently (2004) adopted legislation in Nebraska requires a sustainable balance between long-term supplies and uses of surface-water and groundwater and requires Natural Resources Districts to understand the effect of groundwater use on surface-water systems when developing a groundwater-management plan. The South Platte Natural Resources District (SPNRD) is located in the southern Nebraska Panhandle and overlies the nationally important High Plains aquifer. Declines in water levels have been documented, and more stringent regulations have been enacted to ensure the supply of ground-water will be sufficient to meet the needs of future generations. Because an improved understanding of the hydrogeologic characteristics of this aquifer system is needed to ensure sustainability of groundwater withdrawals, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the SPNRD, Conservation and Survey Division of the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, and the Nebraska Environmental Trust, began a hydrogeologic study of the SPNRD to describe the lithology and thickness of the High Plains aquifer. This report documents these characteristics at 29 new test holes, 28 of which were drilled to the base of the High Plains aquifer. Herein the High Plains aquifer is considered to include all hydrologically connected units of Tertiary and Quaternary age. The depth to the base of aquifer was interpreted to range from 37 to 610 feet in 28 of the 29 test holes. At some locations, particularly northern Kimball County, the base-of-aquifer surface was difficult to interpret from drill cutting samples and borehole geophysical logs. The depth to the base of aquifer determined for test holes drilled for this report was compared with the base-of-aquifer surface interpreted by previous researchers. In general, there were greater differences between the base-of-aquifer elevation reported herein and those in previous studies for areas north of Lodgepole Creek compared to areas south of Lodgepole Creek. The largest difference was at test hole 5-SP-11, where an Ogallala-filled paleovalley prevously had been interpreted based on relatively sparse test-hole data west of 5-SP-11. The base of aquifer near test hole 5-SP-11 reported herein is approximately 230 ft higher in elevation than previously interpreted. Among other test holes that are likely to have been drilled in Ogallala-filled paleovalleys, the greatest difference in the interpreted base of aquifer was for test hole 7-CC-11, northeast of Potter, Nebraska, where the base of aquifer is 180 feet deeper than previously interpreted. Interpretation of test-hole and borehole geophysical data for 29 additional test holes will improve resource managers’ understanding of the hydrogeologic characteristics, including aquifer thickness. Aquifer thickness, which is related to total water in storage, is not well quantified in the north and south tablelands. The additional hydrostratigraphic interpretations provided in this report will improve the hydrogeologic framework used in current (2014) and future groundwater models, which are the basis for many water-management decisions.

  16. What Will They Learn? A Survey of Core Requirements at Our Nation's Colleges and Universities. 2011-12

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kempson, Lauri; Bako, Tom; Markley, Eric

    2012-01-01

    What does it mean to be a college graduate? One knows about the time and ever-increasing amount of money that a diploma demands. But when it comes down to what matters--the skills and knowledge acquired--what does a college degree mean? That is the question the American Council of Trustees and Alumni (ACTA) answers in this book. Inside one will…

  17. Detections, concentrations, and distributional patterns of compounds of emerging concern in the San Antonio River Basin, Texas, 2011-12

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Opsahl, Stephen P.; Lambert, Rebecca B.

    2013-01-01

    The distributional patterns of detections and concentrations of individual compounds and compound classes show the influence of wastewater-treatment plant (WWTP) outfalls on the quality of water in the San Antonio River Basin. In the Medina River

  18. Prevalence and Distribution of Vibrio spp. in Wild Aquatic Birds of the Southern Caribbean Sea, Venezuela, 2011-12.

    PubMed

    Fernández-Delgado, Milagro; Sanz, Virginia; Giner, Sandra; Suárez, Paula; Contreras, Monica; Michelangeli, Fabian; García-Amado

    2016-07-01

    Vibrio spp. are associated with waterbirds mainly in temperate latitudes. We evaluated the prevalence and distribution of Vibrio spp. from fecal samples of resident and migratory aquatic birds collected during October 2011 and March 2012 at two coastal sites in the tropical southern Caribbean Sea. We amplified DNA by PCR in 40% of samples, resulting in 47% and 36% estimated prevalence for resident and migratory birds in Cuare Wildlife Refuge, and 33% and 44% in Margarita Island, respectively. We found nontoxigenic Vibrio cholerae in Cuare Wildlife Refuge with a higher prevalence in resident birds (18%). Our PCR results for Vibrio and V. cholerae were not significantly different between sites or bird migratory status. The 16S rRNA phylogenetic analysis sequences from fecal samples from Cuare Wildlife Refuge were highly similar to V. cholerae and Vibrio vulnificus , whereas sequences from Margarita Island samples formed clusters with species related to the Harveyi clade. Our findings indicate that several species of Vibrio are common in aquatic birds along the southern Caribbean Sea and contribute to our understanding of the role of birds as possible reservoirs of potentially pathogenic bacteria. PMID:27224211

  19. Selected Statistics from the Common Core of Data: School Year 2011-12. First Look. NCES 2013-441

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keaton, Patrick

    2013-01-01

    The Common Core of Data (CCD) is an annual collection of public elementary and secondary education data by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) in the Institute of Education Sciences of the U.S. Department of Education. The data presented in this report are selected from the three nonfiscal components of the Common Core of Data…

  20. Dissolved pesticide concentrations in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta and Grizzly Bay, California, 2011-12

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Orlando, James L.; McWayne, Megan; Sanders, Corey; Hladik, Michelle

    2013-01-01

    Surface-water samples were collected from sites within the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta and Grizzly Bay, California, during the spring in 2011 and 2012, and they were analyzed by the U.S. Geological Survey for a suite of 99 current-use pesticides and pesticide degradates. Samples were collected and analyzed as part of a collaborative project studying the occurrence and characteristics of phytoplankton in the San Francisco Estuary. Samples were analyzed by two separate laboratory methods employing gas chromatography/mass spectrometry or liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry. Method detection limits ranged from 0.9 to 10.5 nanograms per liter (ng/L). Eighteen pesticides were detected in samples collected during 2011, and the most frequently detected compounds were the herbicides clomazone, diuron, hexazinone and metolachlor, and the diuron degradates 3,4-dichloroaniline and N-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-N’-methylurea (DCPMU). Concentrations for all compounds were less than 75 ng/L, except for the rice herbicide clomazone and the fungicide tetraconazole, which had maximum concentrations of 535 and 511 ng/L, respectively. In samples collected in 2012, a total of 16 pesticides were detected. The most frequently detected compounds were the fungicides azoxystrobin and boscalid and the herbicides diuron, hexazinone, metolachlor, and simazine. Maximum concentrations for all compounds detected in 2012 were less than 75 ng/L, except for the fungicide azoxystrobin and the herbicides hexazinone and simazine, which were detected at up to 188, 134, and 140 ng/L, respectively.

  1. Chemical and biological quality of water in Grand Lake St. Marys, Ohio, 2011-12, with emphasis on cyanobacteria

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Dumouchelle, Denise H.; Stelzer, Erin A.

    2014-01-01

    Microcystin concentrations were correlated to cyanobacteria biovolumes, and to concentrations of one ion (sodium) and three trace elements (molybdenum, antimony, and lithium). Concentrations of toxin genes (mcyE) determined by qPCR were consistently low forMicrocystis and consistently high for Planktothrix throughout both sampling years. Concentrations of cyanobacteria found by qPCR were correlated to microcystin concentrations, cyanobacteria biovolumes, selected nutrient concentrations, and other parameters. Results from qRT-PCR assays showed that toxin gene expression was predominantly from the genus Planktothrix, and concentrations of the RNA transcript varied throughout the two sampling years. A number of conditions that may play a role in the dominance ofPlanktothrix and the production of microcystin were identified including water temperature; low-light transmission; low concentrations of silica and manganese; and relatively high concentrations of sodium, sulfate, and the trace elements of strontium, vanadium, and boron.

  2. Academic Achievement Academy (AAA), 2011-12. Eye on Evaluation. D&A Report No. 13.03

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rhea, Anisa

    2013-01-01

    Extending the school day through programs that will supplement core courses, such as offering intensive, after-school tutoring or small-group study sessions in reading and mathematics, is one method districts use to boost school performance and narrow educational achievement gaps between students of different racial and economic backgrounds (Redd…

  3. 75 FR 37917 - Subsistence Management Regulations for Public Lands in Alaska-2010-11 and 2011-12 Subsistence...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-30

    ... regulations to carry out this program in the Federal Register on May 29, 1992 (57 FR 22940). These regulations... published in the Federal Register on May 29, 1992 (57 FR 22940). The regulations at 36 CFR 242.4 and 50 CFR... citation Date of following provisions of publication: ----.24: 59 FR 27462 May 27, 1994... Wildlife...

  4. 76 FR 46719 - Western Pacific Bottomfish and Seamount Groundfish Fisheries; 2011-12 Main Hawaiian Islands Deep...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-03

    ... accountability measures; that process is codified at 50 CFR 665.4 (76 FR 37285, June 27, 2011). The regulations... is managed under the Fishery Ecosystem Plan for the Hawaiian Archipelago (Hawaii FEP), developed...

  5. 76 FR 54715 - Western Pacific Bottomfish and Seamount Groundfish Fisheries; 2011-12 Main Hawaiian Islands Deep...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-02

    ... published proposed specifications that are finalized here, and a request for public comments (76 FR 46719...: Copies of the Fishery Ecosystem Plan for the Hawaiian Archipelago and associated Environmental Impact... is the portion of U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone around the Hawaiian Archipelago lying to the east...

  6. 75 FR 2448 - Subsistence Management Regulations for Public Lands in Alaska-2011-12 and 2012-13 Subsistence...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-15

    .... Future rules will not have expiration dates but will be revised according to the applicable cycle. This... FR 22940). The Program has subsequently amended these regulations a number of times. Because this... Federally Recognized Indian Tribes (Tribes) as listed in 73 FR 18553 (April 4, 2008). The Alaska...

  7. WCPSS Teacher Working Conditions Survey Results: 2011-12. Data Trends. D&A Report No.12.13

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halstead, Elizabeth O.

    2012-01-01

    During the spring of 2012, over 100,000 educators across the state took the North Carolina Teacher Working Conditions (TWC) survey. Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) teachers responded more positively to 46 of the 85 survey items in 2012 than did teachers statewide. On 14 items, WCPSS teachers' responses were less favorable than those of…

  8. Profile of Graduate Management Admission Test[R] Candidates 2007-08 to 2011-12: Five-Year Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graduate Management Admission Council, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The 2011-2012 testing year held a number of significant milestones for the Graduate Management Admission Test exam. A total of 286,529 GMAT exams were administered, with 831,337 score reports sent to more than 5,200 graduate-level management programs around the world--all record numbers. This record volume reflects the increase in graduate-level…

  9. Forensic approach to an archaeological casework of "vampire" skeletal remains in Venice: odontological and anthropological prospectus.

    PubMed

    Nuzzolese, Emilio; Borrini, Matteo

    2010-11-01

    During the years 2006-2007, the Archeological Superintendent of Veneto (Italy) promoted a research project on mass graves located on Nuovo Lazzaretto in Venice, where the corpses of plague deaths were buried during the 16th and 17th centuries. The burials were of different stages and are believed to be the remains of plague victims from the numerous outbreaks of pestilence, which occurred between the 15th and 17th centuries. Among the fragmented and commingled human bones, an unusual burial was found. The body was laid supine, with the top half of the thorax intact, arms parallel to the rachis axis, the articulations were anatomically unaltered. Both the skull morphology and the dimensions of the caput omeris suggest the body was a woman. A brick of moderate size was found inside the oral cavity, keeping the mandible wide open. The data collected by the anthropologist were used to generate a taphonomic profile, which precluded the positioning of the brick being accidental. Likewise, the probability of the brick having come from the surrounding burial sediment was rejected, as the only other inclusions found were bone fragments from previous burials in the same area. The data collected by the odontologist were employed for age estimation and radiological dental assessment. The forensic profile was based conceptually on the "circumstances of death" and concluded that the positioning of the brick was intentional, and attributed to a symbolic burial ritual. This ritual confirms the intimate belief held at those times, between the plague and the mythological character of the vampire.

  10. Summarizing comments on the discussion and a prospectus for urgent future action.

    PubMed

    Thomas, John Meurig

    2016-02-28

    Following my personal reactions to some of the key points made in this Discussion (Part I), I present, in Part II, what I perceive to be the most important, and, in some cases, urgent actions that now need to be taken in the following inter-related fields: (i) design of catalysts, especially for the production of materials using anthropogenic carbon dioxide, CO2, as feedstock; (ii) the continuing role of catalysis in the protection of the environment; (iii) the importance of catalysis in the generation of fuel and the release of energy; and (iv) the wisdom of conducting life cycle and techno-economic analyses continually during the development of new catalysts, as well as of those in regular use. A brief account is also given of the prospect of designing atom-efficient catalysts in which either atomically dispersed rare (and expensive) metals such as Ir or Pt or the use of single-site earth-abundant elements (Al, Si, O) can be employed to facilitate important industrial reactions. PMID:26755761

  11. Measuring the Interestingness of Articles in a Limited User Environment Prospectus

    SciTech Connect

    Pon, Raymond K.

    2007-04-18

    Search engines, such as Google, assign scores to news articles based on their relevancy to a query. However, not all relevant articles for the query may be interesting to a user. For example, if the article is old or yields little new information, the article would be uninteresting. Relevancy scores do not take into account what makes an article interesting, which would vary from user to user. Although methods such as collaborative filtering have been shown to be effective in recommendation systems, in a limited user environment there are not enough users that would make collaborative filtering effective. I present a general framework for defining and measuring the ''interestingness'' of articles, called iScore, incorporating user-feedback including tracking multiple topics of interest as well as finding interesting entities or phrases in a complex relationship network. I propose and have shown the validity of the following: 1. Filtering based on only topic relevancy is insufficient for identifying interesting articles. 2. No single feature can characterize the interestingness of an article for a user. It is the combination of multiple features that yields higher quality results. For each user, these features have different degrees of usefulness for predicting interestingness. 3. Through user-feedback, a classifier can combine features to predict interestingness for the user. 4. Current evaluation corpora, such as TREC, do not capture all aspects of personalized news filtering systems necessary for system evaluation. 5. Focusing on only specific evolving user interests instead of all topics allows for more efficient resource utilization while yielding high quality recommendation results. 6. Multiple profile vectors yield significantly better results than traditional methods, such as the Rocchio algorithm, for identifying interesting articles. Additionally, the addition of tracking multiple topics as a new feature in iScore, can improve iScore's classification performance. 7. Multiple topic tracking yields better results than the best results from the last TREC adaptive filtering run. As future work, I will address the following hypothesis: Entities and the relationship among these entities using current information extraction technology can be utilized to identify entities of interest and relationships of interest, using a scheme such as PageRank. And I will address one of the following two hypotheses: 1. By addressing the multiple reading roles that a single user may have, classification results can be improved. 2. By tailoring the operating parameters of MTT, better classification results can be achieved.

  12. 17 CFR 230.154 - Delivery of prospectuses to investors at the same address.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... and understandable statement, in bold-face type: “Important Notice Regarding Delivery of Shareholder..., if the notice is delivered separately from other communications to investors, this statement...

  13. SPACE AGE PROGRAMING--CURRICULUM PROSPECTUS NO. 4, THE NONGRADED PROGRAM.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    COFFIN, MARGARET; AND OTHERS

    THE PURPOSES, CURRICULUM STRUCTURE, TEACHER'S ROLE, AND TYPES OF PROGRAMS IN ENGLISH, SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND HISTORY IN A NONGRADED HIGH SCHOOL ARE DESCRIBED. THE PURPOSE OF THE NONGRADED ORGANIZATION IS TO SHIFT THE RESPONSIBILITY FOR LEARNING FROM THE SCHOOL TO THE STUDENT. COURSES ARE SELECTED BY THE STUDENTS, WHO ARE ADVISED TO CHOOSE…

  14. Laser processing for thin film chalcogenide photovoltaics: a review and prospectus

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Simonds, Brian J.; Meadows, Helene J.; Misra, Sudhajit; Ferekides, Christos; Dale, Phillip J.; Scarpulla, Michael A.

    2015-01-01

    We review prior and on-going works in using laser annealing (LA) techniques in the development of chalcogenide-based [CdTe and Cu(In,Ga)S] solar cells. LA can achieve unique processing regimes as the wavelength and pulse duration can be chosen to selectively heat particular layers of a thin film solar cell or even particular regions within a single layer. Pulsed LA, in particular, can achieve non-steady-state conditions that allow for stoichiometry control by preferential evaporation, which has been utilized in CdTe solar cells to create Ohmic back contacts. Pulsed lasers have also been used with Cu(In,Ga)S to improve device performance by surface-defect annealing as well as bulk deep-defect annealing. Continuous-wave LA shows promise for use as a replacement for furnace annealing as it almost instantaneously supplies heat to the absorbing film without wasting time or energy to bring the much thicker substrate to temperature. Optimizing and utilizing such a technology would allow production lines to increase throughput and thus manufacturing capacity. Lasers have also been used to create potentially low-cost chalcogenide thin films from precursors, which is also reviewed.

  15. Neuroscience research on the addictions: a prospectus for future ethical and policy analysis.

    PubMed

    Hall, Wayne; Carter, Lucy; Morley, Katherine I

    2004-09-01

    The increasing evidence that many addictive phenomena have a genetic and neurobiological basis promises improvements in societal responses to addiction that raise important ethical and social policy issues. One of the major potential benefits of such research is improved treatment of drug addiction, but in order to do the research required to realize this promise, it will be necessary to address ethical doubts raised about the capacity of addicted persons to give free and informed consent to participate in studies that involve the administration of drugs of dependence. Neuroscience research on addiction promises to transform the long running debate between moral and medical models of addiction by providing a detailed causal explanation of addiction in terms of brain processes. We must avoid causal models of addiction being misinterpreted as supporting simple-minded social policies, e.g., that we identify the minority of the community that is genetically and biologically vulnerable to addiction and hence can neglect social policy options for reducing addiction, including drug control policies. Causal accounts of addiction supplied by neuroscience and genetic research may also be seen to warrant the use of pharmacotherapies and drug vaccines under legal coercion. Neuroscientists also need to anticipate the ethical issues that may arise if the knowledge that they produce delivers interventions that enhance human cognitive and other capacities. Advances in neuroimaging that enable us to identify "addicts" or predict future risk of addiction will raise concerns about invasion of privacy, third-party use of neuroimaging data, the powers of courts to coerce defendants to undergo such tests, and consumer protection against the overinterpretation of test results. Given the strong public and media interest in the results of their research, neuroscientists and geneticists have a moral obligation, and a professional interest, to minimize popular misunderstandings of their work in the media that may rebound to its detriment. PMID:15345277

  16. "The Treasure Within" and "Learning through Life": A Review and Prospectus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schuller, Tom; Watson, David

    2015-01-01

    In this article, Tom Schuller and David Watson, who were responsible for a major review of lifelong learning in the UK published in 2009, describe the main proposals from that review and compare them with the 1996 UNESCO report, "The Treasure Within". They find many points of similarity, as well as clear differences. Apart from specific…

  17. Summarizing comments on the discussion and a prospectus for urgent future action.

    PubMed

    Thomas, John Meurig

    2016-02-28

    Following my personal reactions to some of the key points made in this Discussion (Part I), I present, in Part II, what I perceive to be the most important, and, in some cases, urgent actions that now need to be taken in the following inter-related fields: (i) design of catalysts, especially for the production of materials using anthropogenic carbon dioxide, CO2, as feedstock; (ii) the continuing role of catalysis in the protection of the environment; (iii) the importance of catalysis in the generation of fuel and the release of energy; and (iv) the wisdom of conducting life cycle and techno-economic analyses continually during the development of new catalysts, as well as of those in regular use. A brief account is also given of the prospect of designing atom-efficient catalysts in which either atomically dispersed rare (and expensive) metals such as Ir or Pt or the use of single-site earth-abundant elements (Al, Si, O) can be employed to facilitate important industrial reactions.

  18. DNA-BASED METHODS FOR MONITORING INVASIVE SPECIES: A REVIEW AND PROSPECTUS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The recent explosion of interest in DNA-based tools for species identification has prompted widespread speculation on the future availability of inexpensive, rapid and accurate means of identifying specimens and assessing biodiversity. One applied field that may benefit dramatic...

  19. Forensic approach to an archaeological casework of "vampire" skeletal remains in Venice: odontological and anthropological prospectus.

    PubMed

    Nuzzolese, Emilio; Borrini, Matteo

    2010-11-01

    During the years 2006-2007, the Archeological Superintendent of Veneto (Italy) promoted a research project on mass graves located on Nuovo Lazzaretto in Venice, where the corpses of plague deaths were buried during the 16th and 17th centuries. The burials were of different stages and are believed to be the remains of plague victims from the numerous outbreaks of pestilence, which occurred between the 15th and 17th centuries. Among the fragmented and commingled human bones, an unusual burial was found. The body was laid supine, with the top half of the thorax intact, arms parallel to the rachis axis, the articulations were anatomically unaltered. Both the skull morphology and the dimensions of the caput omeris suggest the body was a woman. A brick of moderate size was found inside the oral cavity, keeping the mandible wide open. The data collected by the anthropologist were used to generate a taphonomic profile, which precluded the positioning of the brick being accidental. Likewise, the probability of the brick having come from the surrounding burial sediment was rejected, as the only other inclusions found were bone fragments from previous burials in the same area. The data collected by the odontologist were employed for age estimation and radiological dental assessment. The forensic profile was based conceptually on the "circumstances of death" and concluded that the positioning of the brick was intentional, and attributed to a symbolic burial ritual. This ritual confirms the intimate belief held at those times, between the plague and the mythological character of the vampire. PMID:20707834

  20. An Investment Prospectus. Strengthening Education and Democracy through Service-Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibson, Cynthia

    2005-01-01

    Service-learning is a teaching method that engages young people in community problem-solving as part of their education, both in school and out-of-school settings. Service-learning has the potential to be a powerful experiential education practices because it not only fosters effective learning, also prepares the next generation for democratic…

  1. Administrative Structure, Effectiveness, and Efficiency. A Prospectus for Research in Organizational Aspects of Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mohr, Lawrence B.; And Others

    The underlying hypothesis of this paper is that the efficiency and effectiveness of educational organizations are affected by their structure. Primary emphasis of the paper is on investigating the link between organizational structure and organizational outputs in an effort to understand why different educational organizations are structured…

  2. Proteotyping: Proteomic characterization, classification and identification of microorganisms--A prospectus.

    PubMed

    Karlsson, Roger; Gonzales-Siles, Lucia; Boulund, Fredrik; Svensson-Stadler, Liselott; Skovbjerg, Susann; Karlsson, Anders; Davidson, Max; Hulth, Stefan; Kristiansson, Erik; Moore, Edward R B

    2015-06-01

    Modern microbial systematics requires a range of methodologies for the comprehensive characterization, classification and identification of microorganisms. While whole-genome sequences provide the ultimate reference for defining microbial phylogeny and taxonomy, selected biomarker-based strategies continue to provide the means for the bulk of microbial systematic studies. Proteomics, the study of the expression of genes, as well as the structure and function of the resulting proteins, offers indirect measures of genome sequence data. Recent developments in applications of proteomics for analyzing microorganisms have paralleled the growing microbial genome sequence database, as well as the evolution of mass spectrometry (MS) instrumentation and bioinformatics. MALDI-TOF MS, which generates proteomic mass patterns for 'fingerprint'-based characterizations, has provided a marked breakthrough for microbial identification. However, MALDI-TOF MS is limited in the number of targets that can be detected for strain characterization. Advanced methods of tandem mass spectrometry, in which proteins and peptides generated from proteins, are characterized and identified, using LC-MS/MS, provide the ability to detect hundreds or thousands of expressed microbial strain markers for high-resolution characterizations and identifications. Model studies demonstrate the application of proteomics-based analyses for bacterial species- and strain-level detection and identification and for characterization of environmentally relevant, metabolically diverse bacteria. Proteomics-based approaches represent an emerging complement to traditional methods of characterizing microorganisms, enabling the elucidation of the expressed biomarkers of genome sequence information, which can be applied to 'proteotyping' applications of microorganisms at all taxonomic levels.

  3. Interspecific competition in tributaries: Prospectus for restoring Atlantic salmon in Lake Ontario

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Johnson, James H.; Wedge, Leslie R.

    1999-01-01

    Historically, Lake Ontario may have supported the world's largest freshwater population of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). However, by the late 1800's, salmon were virtually extinct in the lake due to the damming of tributaries, overharvest, deforestation, and pollution. Of these factors, the building of dams on tributaries, which precluded access by the salmon to natal spawning streams, was probably the most detrimental. Since the extirpation of Atlantic salmon in the Lake Ontario watershed over a century ago, considerable change has occurred throughout the lake and tributary ecosystem. The changes within the ecosystem that may have the most profound effect on Atlantic salmon restoration include the presence of exotic species, including other salmonines, and reduced habitat quality, especially in tributaries. These changes must be taken into account when considering Atlantic salmon restoration.

  4. 77 FR 69692 - Guidance on Review and Approval of Public Charter Prospectuses

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-20

    ... the Direct Air collapse, the Office of International Aviation's Special Authorities Division, in... consumer harm. Among these were Direct Air's contracting out of its reservations process to a third party... Air & Tours, LLC d/b/a Direct Air, in March 2012, and its subsequent bankruptcy, resulted in...

  5. Phenotypic Plasticity and Integration in the Mangrove Rivulus (Kryptolebias marmoratus): A Prospectus

    PubMed Central

    Earley, Ryan L.; Hanninen, Amanda F.; Fuller, Adam; Garcia, Mark J.; Lee, Elizabeth A.

    2012-01-01

    The mangrove rivulus (Kryptolebias marmoratus) is a small fish native to mangrove ecosystems in Florida, the Caribbean, Central America, and South America. This species is one of only two self-fertilizing, hermaphroditic vertebrates capable of producing offspring that are genetically identical to both the parent and all siblings. Long bouts of selfing result in individuals with completely homozygous genotypes, effectively allowing for the production of “clones.” Rivulus is also extremely sensitive to environmental change, both during development and adulthood. Life-history traits, behavior, physiology, morphology, and even sexual phenotype are shaped to a large extent by the interaction of genes with the environment, and many of these traits appear to co-vary. True reaction norms can be generated for this species in much the same way as has been done for clonally reproducing invertebrates and plants that have contributed immensely to our understanding of the evolution of phenotypic plasticity. That is, rivulus provides the opportunity to place individuals with identical genotypes in many different environments at any point during ontogeny or adulthood. In addition, rivulus populations are characterized by high genotypic diversity, a luxury not afforded by many clonal vertebrates, which allows us to evaluate variation among genotypes in the shape of reaction norms and in patterns of covariance among traits. We provide background information on phenotypic plasticity and phenotypic integration, coupled with a description of characteristics that we feel qualify rivulus as a potentially powerful model in which to study the evolution of reaction norms and covariance among traits. PMID:22990587

  6. Hyporheic zone hydrologic science: A historical account of its emergence and a prospectus

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cardenas, M. Bayani

    2015-05-01

    The hyporheic zone, defined by shallow subsurface pathways through river beds and banks beginning and ending at the river, is an integral and unique component of fluvial systems. It hosts myriad hydrologically controlled processes that are potentially coupled in complex ways. Understanding these processes and the connections between them is critical since these processes are not only important locally but integrate to impact increasingly larger scale biogeochemical functioning of the river corridor up to the river network scale. Thus, the hyporheic zone continues to be a growing research focus for many hydrologists for more than half the history of Water Resources Research. This manuscript partly summarizes the historical development of hyporheic zone hydrologic science as gleaned from papers published in Water Resources Research, from the birth of the concept of the hyporheic zone as a hydrologic black box (sometimes referred to as transient storage zone), to its adolescent years of being torn between occasionally competing research perspectives of interrogating the hyporheic zone from a surface or subsurface view, to its mature emergence as an interdisciplinary research field that employs the wide array of state-of-the-art tools available to the modern hydrologist. The field is vibrant and moving in the right direction of addressing critical fundamental and applied questions with no clear end in sight in its growth. There are exciting opportunities for scientists that are able to tightly link the allied fields of geology, geomorphology, hydrology, geochemistry, and ecology to tackle the many open problems in hyporheic zone science.

  7. Prospectus of ignition enhancement in a two-stroke SI engine

    SciTech Connect

    Manivannan, P.V.; Ramesh, A.; Poola, R.B.; Dhinadgar, S.J.

    1995-12-01

    Conventional two-stroke spark-ignition (SI) engines have difficulty meeting the ignition requirements of lean fuel-air mixtures and high compression ratios, due to their breaker operated, magneto-coil ignition systems. In the present work, a breakerless, high-energy electronic ignition system was developed and tested with and without a platinum-tipped electrode spark plug. The high-energy ignition system showed an improved lean-burn capability at high compression ratios relative to the conventional ignition system. At a high compression ratio of 9:1 with lean fuel-air mixtures, the maximum percentage improvement in the brake thermal efficiency was about 16.5% at 2.7 kW and 3000 rpm. Cylinder peak pressures-were higher ignition delay was lower, and combustion duration was shorter at both normal and high compression ratios. Combustion stability as measured by the coefficient of variation in peak cylinder pressure was also considerably improved with the high-energy ignition system.

  8. A Recorded Aid for Braille Music. Paper No. 3. The Prospectus Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levine, S. Joseph

    The Recorded Aid for Braille Music is designed to teach instrumental music to visually handicapped students through the integration of tape recordings with established methods of reading braille music notation and playing by ear. Packages of instructional materials for clarinet, flute, alto saxophone, trumpet, and trombone contain the recording,…

  9. Using Interactive Computing to Expand Intelligence Testing: A Critique and Prospectus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunt, Earl; Pellegrino, James

    1985-01-01

    There are economic advantages in using microcomputers as automated testing stations for measuring aptitude and intelligence. Microcomputers also make it possible to expand and modify testing procedures for psychological functions included in conventional tests and to test psychological functions not generally assessed by conventional tests, such…

  10. Reinforcing Comprehensive Business Learning through an Undergraduate Retailing Course: A Prospectus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahmed, Irfan

    2009-01-01

    Undergraduate programs in business are expected to provide a comprehensive learning for their students in order to prepare them to be able to deal with complex business problems in their jobs. Business schools attempt to provide this learning through various curricular design strategies. This paper proposes the use of an undergraduate course in…

  11. Simulation and Recording Device for Research in Programmed Instruction. Paper No. 5. The Prospectus Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward, Ted; Levine, S. Joseph

    The SimulaR, a portable tabletop instructional simulator and response recording device has been designed to aid research in development of programed instruction and is scheduled for a field test involving instructional simulation of remedial reading. Major components consist of a two channel audio playback device, a visual component incorporating…

  12. Neuroscience research on the addictions: a prospectus for future ethical and policy analysis.

    PubMed

    Hall, Wayne; Carter, Lucy; Morley, Katherine I

    2004-09-01

    The increasing evidence that many addictive phenomena have a genetic and neurobiological basis promises improvements in societal responses to addiction that raise important ethical and social policy issues. One of the major potential benefits of such research is improved treatment of drug addiction, but in order to do the research required to realize this promise, it will be necessary to address ethical doubts raised about the capacity of addicted persons to give free and informed consent to participate in studies that involve the administration of drugs of dependence. Neuroscience research on addiction promises to transform the long running debate between moral and medical models of addiction by providing a detailed causal explanation of addiction in terms of brain processes. We must avoid causal models of addiction being misinterpreted as supporting simple-minded social policies, e.g., that we identify the minority of the community that is genetically and biologically vulnerable to addiction and hence can neglect social policy options for reducing addiction, including drug control policies. Causal accounts of addiction supplied by neuroscience and genetic research may also be seen to warrant the use of pharmacotherapies and drug vaccines under legal coercion. Neuroscientists also need to anticipate the ethical issues that may arise if the knowledge that they produce delivers interventions that enhance human cognitive and other capacities. Advances in neuroimaging that enable us to identify "addicts" or predict future risk of addiction will raise concerns about invasion of privacy, third-party use of neuroimaging data, the powers of courts to coerce defendants to undergo such tests, and consumer protection against the overinterpretation of test results. Given the strong public and media interest in the results of their research, neuroscientists and geneticists have a moral obligation, and a professional interest, to minimize popular misunderstandings of their work in the media that may rebound to its detriment.

  13. 36 CFR 51.5 - What information will the prospectus include?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... out by department for the three most recent years; franchise fees charged under the current concession contract for the three most recent years; merchandise inventories of the current concessioner for the three most recent years; and the depreciable fixed assets and net depreciable fixed assets of the...

  14. Education for Sale: A Semiotic Analysis of School Prospectuses and Other Forms of Educational Marketing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Symes, Colin

    1998-01-01

    A study investigated the nature and extent of "impression management" strategies used in Queensland (Australia) school publications and advertising, particularly for private schools, through semiotic analysis, which highlights the degree to which symbolic processes are influenced by context and changing market forces. (MSE)

  15. 36 CFR 51.5 - What information will the prospectus include?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... selection factor for proposals, including subfactors, if any, and secondary factors, if any, and the weight and relative importance of the principal and any secondary factors in the selection decision; (f) Such... concessioner; and (g) Identification of a preferred offeror for a qualified concession contract, if any,...

  16. CSHE@50: A Reflection and Prospectus on Globalization and Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, C. Judson, Ed.; Douglass, John Aubrey, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    In the spring of 1957, the Center for Studies in Higher Education (CSHE) at the University of California, Berkeley was formally established as an organized research unit, enabled by an initial grant from the Carnegie Corporation and making it the first academic enterprise in the United States focused on higher education policy issues. Since then,…

  17. The Prospectus, Challenges and Causes of Gender Disparity and Its Implication for Ethiopia's Development: Qualitative Inquiry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dea, Mulatu

    2016-01-01

    The study conducted with proposition that development needs to be participatory including both men and women. Different scholars came up with different explanations by raising the question why gender gap in different sectors The objectives of this paper are to: Analyze some relevant theories of development related to the causes of gender equality…

  18. The Money/Counting Kit. The Prospectus Series, Paper No. 6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Musumeci, Judith

    The Money/Counting Kit for Handicapped Children and Youth, frees the teacher from lessons in money and counting concepts and enables a student to learn at his own rate with immediate feedback from activity cards, name cards, thermoformed coin cards (optional), and self-instructional booklets. The activity cards, which may be used individually or…

  19. Shallow vent architecture during hybrid explosive-effusive activity at Cordón Caulle (Chile, 2011-12): Evidence from direct observations and pyroclast textures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schipper, C. Ian; Castro, Jonathan M.; Tuffen, Hugh; James, Mike R.; How, Penelope

    2013-07-01

    In June 2011, an eruption of rhyolite magma began at the Puyehue-Cordón Caulle volcanic complex, southern Chile. By January 2012, explosive activity had declined from sustained pyroclastic (Plinian to sub-Plinian) fountaining to mixed gas and ash jetting punctuated by Vulcanian blasts. This explosive activity was accompanied by synchronous effusion of obsidian lava in a hybrid explosive-effusive eruption. Fortuitous climatic conditions permitted ground-based observation and video recording of transient vent dynamics as well as real-time collection of proximal juvenile ash as it sedimented from the active plume. The main eruptive vent complex and site of lava effusion were represented by two loci of Vulcanian blasts within a single tephra cone containing a pancake-shaped proto-lava dome. These blast loci each consisted of clusters of sub-vents that expressed correlated shifts in eruption intensity, indicating the presence of partially connected and/or branching zones of high permeability within the upper conduit. Pyroclast textures were examined by X-ray computed microtomography and their permeability was modelled by lattice Boltzmann simulations. The porosity (39 to 67%) and Darcian permeability (3.1 × 10- 15 m2 perpendicular to fabric to 3.8 × 10- 11 m2 parallel to fabric) of fine ash emitted during ash jetting indicate that the permeable zones comprised highly sheared, tube-like bubbly magma, and contrast with the low porosity (~ 17%) and nul permeability of bombs ejected to hundreds of metres from the vent in Vulcanian blasts. Residual H2O content of ash (0.14 wt.%) and two bombs (0.2-0.25 wt.%), determined by Karl-Fischer titration indicate degassing of this pyroclastic material to near-atmospheric pressures. Ash textures and simple degassing/vesiculation models indicate the onset of permeability by ductile processes of shear-enhanced bubble coalescence in the upper 1 to 1.5 km of the conduit. Repeated ash jetting and Vulcanian blasts indicate that such ductile processes were not sufficiently effective to accommodate all degassing requirements, and additional brittle (e.g., fragmentation) events transiently assisted in maintaining an open-system degassing regime that permitted long-lived, hybrid explosive-effusive activity. The eruption at Cordón Caulle has provided an excellent opportunity to closely observe key processes of silicic volcanism.

  20. Water quality of groundwater and stream base flow in the Marcellus Shale Gas Field of the Monongahela River Basin, West Virginia, 2011-12

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Chambers, Douglas B.; Kozar, Mark D.; Messinger, Terence; Mulder, Michon L.; Pelak, Adam J.; White, Jeremy S.

    2015-01-01

    This study provides a baseline of water-quality conditions in the Monongahela River Basin in West Virginia during the early phases of development of the Marcellus Shale gas field. Although not all inclusive, the results of this study provide a set of reliable water-quality data against which future data sets can be compared and the effects of shale-gas development may be determined.

  1. Distribution and extent of heavy metal accumulation in Song Sparrows (Melospiza melodia), upper Santa Cruz River watershed, southern Arizona, 2011-12

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Lester, Michael B.; van Riper, Charles

    2014-01-01

    Riparian ecosystems in arid environments provide critical habitat for breeding, migratory, and wintering birds, yet are often at risk of contamination by heavy metals. Birds and other animals living in contaminated areas are susceptible to adverse health effects as a result of long-term exposure and bioaccumulation of heavy metals. We investigated the distribution and cascading extent of heavy metal accumulation in Song Sparrows (Melospiza melodia) in Arizona’s upper Santa Cruz River watershed. This study had three goals: (1) quantify the degree of heavy metal accumulation in sparrows and determine the distributional patterns among study sites, (2) compare concentrations of metals found in this study to those found in studies performed prior to the 2009 international wastewater treatment plant upgrade, and (3) assess sparrow condition among sites with differing potential sources of contamination exposure. We examined six study sites that reflected different potential sources of contamination. Hematocrit values, body mass residuals, and leukocyte counts were used to assess sparrow condition. Cadmium, copper, mercury, nickel, and selenium exceeded background concentrations at some sites, but generally were lower than or similar to concentrations found in earlier studies performed prior to the 2009 international wastewater treatment plant upgrade. Concentrations were higher in recaptured birds in 2012 than in 2011 for 7 metals in feathers and 14 metals in blood, suggesting possible bioaccumulation. We found no cascading effects as a result of heavy metal exposure, but did find that heavy metal concentrations were reduced following the 2009 international wastewater treatment plant upgrade.

  2. Characteristics of Private Schools in the United States: Results from the 2011-12 Private School Universe Survey. First Look. NCES 2013-316

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Broughman, Stephen P.; Swaim, Nancy L.

    2013-01-01

    In 1988, the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) developed a private school data collection that improved on the sporadic collection of private school data dating back to 1890 by developing an alternative to commercially available private school sampling frames. Since 1989, the U.S. Bureau of the Census has conducted the biennial…

  3. A water-budget approach to estimating potential groundwater recharge from two domestic sewage disposal fields in eastern Bernalillo County, New Mexico, 2011-12

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Crilley, Dianna M.; Collison, Jake W.

    2015-01-01

    During this study, the disposal fields at sites A and B received a measured volume of effluent from two-person domestic residences equipped with an onsite low-pressure dosing system. A combined evapotranspiration measurement and modeling technique was used to estimate the amount of evapotranspirative loss from the disposal field and from the surrounding terrain. A portable hemispherical flux chamber was used to measure evapotranspiration at fixed locations on the disposal fields and on the surrounding terrain at sites A and B. Data from hemispherical flux chamber measurements were used to calibrate a Penman-Monteith modeled evapotranspiration rate on the disposal field and on the surrounding terrain at site A from January 1, 2011, to December 31, 2011, and from January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2012, and at site B from January 1, 2011, to December 31, 2011. Micrometeorological and soil data from instrumentation on the disposal fields and on the surrounding terrain at sites A and B were used as input data into the Penman-Monteith equation. The mean potential recharge from disposal field effluent during 2011–12 at sites A and B was 63 percent of the volume of effluent dosed to the disposal field.

  4. Year-round monitoring of contaminants in Neal and Rogers Creeks, Hood River Basin, Oregon, 2011-12, and assessment of risks to salmonids

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Temple, Whitney B.; Morace, Jennifer L.; Nilsen, Elena B.; Alvarez, David; Masterson, Kevin

    2016-01-01

    Pesticide presence in streams is a potential threat to Endangered Species Act listed salmonids in the Hood River basin, Oregon, a primarily forested and agricultural basin. Two types of passive samplers, polar organic chemical integrative samplers (POCIS) and semipermeable membrane devices (SPMDs), were simultaneously deployed at four sites in the basin during Mar. 2011–Mar. 2012 to measure the presence of pesticides, polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). The year-round use of passive samplers is a novel approach and offers several new insights. Currently used pesticides and legacy contaminants, including many chlorinated pesticides and PBDEs, were present throughout the year in the basin’s streams. PCBs were not detected. Time-weighted average water concentrations for the 2-month deployment periods were estimated from concentrations of chemicals measured in the passive samplers. Currently used pesticide concentrations peaked during spring and were detected beyond their seasons of expected use. Summed concentrations of legacy contaminants in Neal Creek were highest during July–Sept., the period with the lowest streamflows. Endosulfan was the only pesticide detected in passive samplers at concentrations exceeding Oregon or U.S. Environmental Protection Agency water-quality thresholds. A Sensitive Pesticide Toxicity Index (SPTI) was used to estimate the relative acute potential toxicity among sample mixtures. The acute potential toxicity of the detected mixtures was likely greater for invertebrates than for fish and for all samples in Neal Creek compared to Rogers Creek, but the indices appear to be low overall (<0.1). Endosulfans and pyrethroid insecticides were the largest contributors to the SPTIs for both sites. SPTIs of some discrete (grab) samples from the basin that were used for comparison exceeded 0.1 when some insecticides (azinphos methyl, chlorpyrifos, malathion) were detected at concentrations near or exceeding acute water-quality thresholds. Early life stages and adults of several sensitive fish species, including salmonids, are present in surface waters of the basin throughout the year, including during periods of peak estimated potential toxicity. Based on these data, direct toxicity to salmonids from in-stream pesticide exposure is unlikely, but indirect impacts (reduced fitness due to cumulative exposures or negative impacts to invertebrate prey populations) are unknown.

  5. Teacher Salary Comparisons--Inter-City Differences: 2010-11 and 2011-12. BCTF Research Report. Section I. 2012-TS-02

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Margaret

    2012-01-01

    This research report, which is an update of research report 2011-TS-03, shows the salary difference for each step of British Columbia's (BC) Category 5 or comparable qualifications. Salaries for Vancouver public school teachers are compared to teacher salaries in Toronto (elementary), Ottawa (secondary), and Edmonton. Salaries for Prince George…

  6. Water quality of groundwater and stream base flow in the Marcellus Shale Gas Field of the Monongahela River Basin, West Virginia, 2011-12

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Chambers, Douglas B.; Kozar, Mark D.; Messinger, Terence; Mulder, Michon L.; Pelak, Adam J.; White, Jeremy S.

    2015-01-01

    Stable isotope composition indicates broad similarity among surface water, shallow groundwater, and precipitation in the region. Neither shallow groundwater nor surface water showed a marked similarity with the deep brines ass

  7. 2011-12 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS:12). Data File Documentation. Appendix J-O. NCES 2014-182_2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wine, Jennifer; Bryan, Michael; Siegel, Peter

    2013-01-01

    The National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS) helps fulfill the U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) mandate to collect, analyze, and publish statistics related to education. The purpose of NPSAS is to compile a comprehensive research dataset, based on student-level records, on financial aid…

  8. Fish assemblage composition and mapped mesohabitat features over a range of streamflows in the Middle Rio Grande, New Mexico, winter 2011-12, summer 2012

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Pearson, Daniel K.; Braun, Christopher L.; Moring, J. Bruce

    2016-01-21

    This report documents differences in the mapped spatial extents and physical characteristics of in-channel fish habitat evaluated at the mesohabitat scale during winter 2011–12 (moderate streamflow) and summer 2012 (low streamflow) at 15 sites on the Middle Rio Grande in New Mexico starting about 3 kilometers downstream from Cochiti Dam and ending about 40 kilometers upstream from Elephant Butte Reservoir. The results of mesohabitat mapping, physical characterization, and fish assemblage surveys are summarized from the data that were collected. The report also presents general comparisons of physical mesohabitat data, such as wetted area and substrate type, and biological mesohabitat data, which included fish assemblage composition, species richness, Rio Grande silvery minnow relative abundance, and Rio Grande silvery minnow catch per unit effort.

  9. 2011-12 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS:12). Data File Documentation. Appendix A-I. NCES 2014-182_1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wine, Jennifer; Bryan, Michael; Siegel, Peter

    2013-01-01

    The National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS) helps fulfill the U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) mandate to collect, analyze, and publish statistics related to education. The purpose of NPSAS is to compile a comprehensive research dataset, based on student-level records, on financial aid…

  10. Year-Round Monitoring of Contaminants in Neal and Rogers Creeks, Hood River Basin, Oregon, 2011-12, and Assessment of Risks to Salmonids

    PubMed Central

    Hapke, Whitney B.; Morace, Jennifer L.; Nilsen, Elena B.; Alvarez, David A.; Masterson, Kevin

    2016-01-01

    Pesticide presence in streams is a potential threat to Endangered Species Act listed salmonids in the Hood River basin, Oregon, a primarily forested and agricultural basin. Two types of passive samplers, polar organic chemical integrative samplers (POCIS) and semipermeable membrane devices (SPMDs), were simultaneously deployed at four sites in the basin during Mar. 2011–Mar. 2012 to measure the presence of pesticides, polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). The year-round use of passive samplers is a novel approach and offers several new insights. Currently used pesticides and legacy contaminants, including many chlorinated pesticides and PBDEs, were present throughout the year in the basin’s streams. PCBs were not detected. Time-weighted average water concentrations for the 2-month deployment periods were estimated from concentrations of chemicals measured in the passive samplers. Currently used pesticide concentrations peaked during spring and were detected beyond their seasons of expected use. Summed concentrations of legacy contaminants in Neal Creek were highest during July–Sept., the period with the lowest streamflows. Endosulfan was the only pesticide detected in passive samplers at concentrations exceeding Oregon or U.S. Environmental Protection Agency water-quality thresholds. A Sensitive Pesticide Toxicity Index (SPTI) was used to estimate the relative acute potential toxicity among sample mixtures. The acute potential toxicity of the detected mixtures was likely greater for invertebrates than for fish and for all samples in Neal Creek compared to Rogers Creek, but the indices appear to be low overall (<0.1). Endosulfans and pyrethroid insecticides were the largest contributors to the SPTIs for both sites. SPTIs of some discrete (grab) samples from the basin that were used for comparison exceeded 0.1 when some insecticides (azinphos methyl, chlorpyrifos, malathion) were detected at concentrations near or exceeding acute water-quality thresholds. Early life stages and adults of several sensitive fish species, including salmonids, are present in surface waters of the basin throughout the year, including during periods of peak estimated potential toxicity. Based on these data, direct toxicity to salmonids from in-stream pesticide exposure is unlikely, but indirect impacts (reduced fitness due to cumulative exposures or negative impacts to invertebrate prey populations) are unknown. PMID:27348521

  11. A water-budget approach to estimating potential groundwater recharge from two domestic sewage disposal fields in eastern Bernalillo County, New Mexico, 2011-12

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Crilley, Dianna M.; Collison, Jake W.

    2015-08-04

    During this study, the disposal fields at sites A and B received a measured volume of effluent from two-person domestic residences equipped with an onsite low-pressure dosing system. A combined evapotranspiration measurement and modeling technique was used to estimate the amount of evapotranspirative loss from the disposal field and from the surrounding terrain. A portable hemispherical flux chamber was used to measure evapotranspiration at fixed locations on the disposal fields and on the surrounding terrain at sites A and B. Data from hemispherical flux chamber measurements were used to calibrate a Penman-Monteith modeled evapotranspiration rate on the disposal field and on the surrounding terrain at site A from January 1, 2011, to December 31, 2011, and from January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2012, and at site B from January 1, 2011, to December 31, 2011. Micrometeorological and soil data from instrumentation on the disposal fields and on the surrounding terrain at sites A and B were used as input data into the Penman-Monteith equation. The mean potential recharge from disposal field effluent during 2011–12 at sites A and B was 63 percent of the volume of effluent dosed to the disposal field.

  12. Use of stable isotopes of nitrogen and water to identify sources of nitrogen in three urban creeks of Durham, North Carolina, 2011-12

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    McSwain, Kristen Bukowski; Young, Megan B.; Giorgino, Mary L.

    2014-01-01

    A preliminary assessment of nitrate sources was conducted in three creeks that feed nutrient impaired Falls and Jordan Lakes in the vicinity of Durham County, North Carolina, from July 2011 to June 2012. Cabin Branch, Ellerbe Creek, and Third Fork Creek were sampled monthly to determine if sources of nitrate in surface water could be identified on the basis of their stable isotopic compositions. Land use differs in the drainage basins of the investigated creeks—the predominant land use in Cabin Branch Basin is forest, and the Ellerbe and Third Fork Creek Basins are predominantly developed urban areas. Total nutrient concentrations were below 1 milligram per liter (mg/L). All measured nitrate plus nitrite concentrations were below the North Carolina standard of 10 mg/L as nitrogen with the highest concentration of 0.363 mg/L measured in Third Fork Creek. Concentrations of ammonia were generally less than 0.1 mg/L as nitrogen in all creek samples. More than 50 percent of the total nitrogen measured in the creeks was in the form of organic nitrogen. Total phosphorus and orthophosphate concentrations in all samples were generally less than 0.2 mg/L as phosphorus. The isotopic composition of surface water (δ2HH20 and δ18OH2O) is similar to that of modern-day precipitation. During July and August 2011 and May and June 2012, surface-water samples displayed a seasonal difference in isotopic composition, indicating fractionation of isotopes as a result of evaporation and, potentially, mixing with local and regional groundwater. The dominant source of nitrate to Cabin Branch, Ellerbe Creek, and Third Fork Creek was the nitrification of soil nitrogen. Two stormflow samples in Ellerbe Creek and Third Fork Creek had nitrate sources that were a mixture of the nitrification of soil nitrogen and an atmospheric source that had bypassed some soil contact through impermeable surfaces within the drainage basin. No influence of a septic or wastewater source was found in Cabin Branch. Results from this study suggest that it is possible to distinguish sources of nitrogen and biogeochemical processes on nitrate using stable isotopes of nitrogen and oxygen in small creeks of Durham County, North Carolina.

  13. Year-Round Monitoring of Contaminants in Neal and Rogers Creeks, Hood River Basin, Oregon, 2011-12, and Assessment of Risks to Salmonids.

    PubMed

    Hapke, Whitney B; Morace, Jennifer L; Nilsen, Elena B; Alvarez, David A; Masterson, Kevin

    2016-01-01

    Pesticide presence in streams is a potential threat to Endangered Species Act listed salmonids in the Hood River basin, Oregon, a primarily forested and agricultural basin. Two types of passive samplers, polar organic chemical integrative samplers (POCIS) and semipermeable membrane devices (SPMDs), were simultaneously deployed at four sites in the basin during Mar. 2011-Mar. 2012 to measure the presence of pesticides, polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). The year-round use of passive samplers is a novel approach and offers several new insights. Currently used pesticides and legacy contaminants, including many chlorinated pesticides and PBDEs, were present throughout the year in the basin's streams. PCBs were not detected. Time-weighted average water concentrations for the 2-month deployment periods were estimated from concentrations of chemicals measured in the passive samplers. Currently used pesticide concentrations peaked during spring and were detected beyond their seasons of expected use. Summed concentrations of legacy contaminants in Neal Creek were highest during July-Sept., the period with the lowest streamflows. Endosulfan was the only pesticide detected in passive samplers at concentrations exceeding Oregon or U.S. Environmental Protection Agency water-quality thresholds. A Sensitive Pesticide Toxicity Index (SPTI) was used to estimate the relative acute potential toxicity among sample mixtures. The acute potential toxicity of the detected mixtures was likely greater for invertebrates than for fish and for all samples in Neal Creek compared to Rogers Creek, but the indices appear to be low overall (<0.1). Endosulfans and pyrethroid insecticides were the largest contributors to the SPTIs for both sites. SPTIs of some discrete (grab) samples from the basin that were used for comparison exceeded 0.1 when some insecticides (azinphos methyl, chlorpyrifos, malathion) were detected at concentrations near or exceeding acute water-quality thresholds. Early life stages and adults of several sensitive fish species, including salmonids, are present in surface waters of the basin throughout the year, including during periods of peak estimated potential toxicity. Based on these data, direct toxicity to salmonids from in-stream pesticide exposure is unlikely, but indirect impacts (reduced fitness due to cumulative exposures or negative impacts to invertebrate prey populations) are unknown. PMID:27348521

  14. Formative Assessment with Technology 2011-12: Second Year of Implementation. Eye on Evaluation. D&A Report No. 13.05

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Troy, Talbot; Bulgakov-Cooke, Dina

    2013-01-01

    In 2010-11, Wake County Public School System (WCPSS), North Carolina Department of Public Instruction (NCDPI), and SMART Technologies began a two-year collaboration to promote the use of formative assessment in mathematics classrooms at three Wake County public schools: Millbrook Elementary, East Millbrook Middle, and Millbrook High school. The…

  15. SAT Scores, 2011-12: Wake County Public School System (WCPSS). Measuring Up. D&A Report No. 13.16

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muli, Juliana; Gilleland, Kevin

    2013-01-01

    Wake County Public School System (WCPSS) students continue to fare well on the SAT test compared to students in the state and nation. While there was a slight decline in the overall average score in 2012 compared to the previous year, the scores continue a trend of measurable improvement over time. In addition, most major ethnic groups continue to…

  16. Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: School Year 2011-12 (Fiscal Year 2012). First Look. NCES 2014-301

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cornman, Stephen Q.

    2015-01-01

    This First Look report introduces new data for national and state-level public elementary and secondary revenues and expenditures for fiscal year (FY) 2012. Specifically, this report includes findings from the following types of school finance data: (1) Revenue and expenditure totals; (2) Revenues by source; (3) Expenditures by function and…

  17. The Status of Technology and Engineering Education in the United States: A Fourth Report of the Findings from the States (2011-12)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moye, Johnny J.; Dugger, William E., Jr.; Starkweather, Kendall N.

    2012-01-01

    Technology and engineering education continues to evolve as it becomes more apparent that students need this information to become more successful in college and careers. The International Technology and Engineering Educators Association (ITEEA ) has tracked the status of technology education in the United States in three separate studies over the…

  18. Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2011-12 (Fiscal Year 2012). First Look. NCES 2014-303

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cornman, Stephen Q.

    2015-01-01

    This First Look report presents data on public elementary and secondary education revenues and expenditures at the local education agency (LEA) or school district level for fiscal year (FY) 2012.1. Specifically, this report includes findings from the following types of school finance data: (1) Revenue and expenditure totals by state and the 100…

  19. Understanding Parents' Child Care Decision-Making: A Foundation for Child Care Policy Making. Research-to-Policy, Research-to-Practice Brief. OPRE 2011-12

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weber, Roberta

    2011-01-01

    Policies such as those related to child care subsidies and quality rating and improvement systems are designed to increase the likelihood that child care and education arrangements meet developmental needs of children and employment needs of parents. Ultimately, parents select child care arrangements, and the quality and stability of these…

  20. A Critique of Planning Models for Postsecondary Education: Current Feasibility and Potential Relevance, and a Prospectus for Further Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dresch, Stephen P.

    The feasibility and potential relevance of comprehensive planning models for postsecondary education are examined, focusing on the two most widely discussed models of this type: (1) the Postsecondary Education Financing Model (PEFM) of the National Commission on the Financing of Postsecondary Education, and (2) the Federal Planning Model (FPM) of…

  1. The World University System as a Model Prospectus for Institutions of Higher Learning in a Changing World.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mncube, Stephen Sipho, Ed.

    This volume presents 10 papers originating with the World University System located at various sites in the Caribbean and the United States which were selected to show the innovative work of that institution between 1976 and 1980. The World University was founded in 1965 in Puerto Rico by John Brann and was based on innovative approaches to…

  2. 17 CFR 229.503 - (Item 503) Prospectus summary, risk factors, and ratio of earnings to fixed charges.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... paragraph (b)(12) of Item 601 of Regulation S-K (17 CFR 229.601(b)(12)). (e) Smaller reporting companies. A..., commonly referred to as the pro forma ratio. Instructions to paragraph 503(d): 1. Definitions. In..., disclose the dollar amount of the deficiency. (B) Pro forma ratio. You may show the pro forma ratio...

  3. A National Prospectus on Vocational Education: Its Impact on Research and Leadership Development. Occasional Paper No. 85.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hopkins, Charles O.

    Vocational educators must look critically at the innovations and changing technology contributing to reindustrialization and must determine their role in training workers with skills necessary to obtain jobs in changing occupations. Included among the areas in which vocational educators must develop new programs are business and industry, energy…

  4. 17 CFR 230.164 - Post-filing free writing prospectuses in connection with certain registered offerings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... determination date for the offering in question, determined pursuant to paragraph (h) of this section, the...: (i) A blank check company as defined in Rule 419(a)(2) (§ 230.419(a)(2)); (ii) A shell company, other than a business combination related shell company, as defined in Rule 405; or (iii) An issuer for...

  5. Factors Affecting College-Going Rates in California: A Study Prospectus. Working Paper WP/06-09

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2006

    2006-01-01

    This working paper announces a report proposed by the California Postsecondary Education Commission to conduct a further statistical study on the factors affecting college-going rates in California. These factors would include school demographics, neighborhood characteristics, and regional labor market forces. Such a study could reveal insights…

  6. Self-Instruction Systems: An Alternate Socio-Technological Approach to National Education and Training. A Research Report and Prospectus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta. School of Information and Computer Science.

    An "educational utility" providing a cost effective educational delivery system using both management science and technology has been designed. Researchers postulated requirements for a learning system, developed a self-instructional system based on them, and implemented a pilot system. The system, Audiographic Learning Facility (ALF), consists of…

  7. 17 CFR 229.501 - (Item 501) Forepart of Registration Statement and Outside Front Cover Page of Prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... amount of securities offered by selling security holders, if any. If the underwriter has any arrangement... receive, and any selling shareholder's net proceeds. Show this information on both a per share or unit... securities; (5) Risk factors. A cross-reference to the risk factors section, including the page number...

  8. Development of Communication Behaviour: Receiver Ontogeny in Túngara Frogs and a Prospectus for a Behavioural Evolutionary Development

    PubMed Central

    Baugh, Alexander T.; Hoke, Kim L.; Ryan, Michael J.

    2012-01-01

    Most studies addressing the development of animal communication have focused on signal production rather than receiver decoding, and similar emphasis has been given to learning over nonlearning. But receivers are an integral part of a communication network, and nonlearned mechanisms appear to be more ubiquitous than learned ones in the communication systems of most animals. Here we review the results of recent experiments and outline future directions for integrative studies on the development of a primarily nonlearned behaviour—recognition of communication signals during ontogeny in a tropical frog. The results suggest that antecedents to adult behaviours might be a common feature of developing organisms. Given the essential role that acoustic communication serves in reproduction for many organisms and that receivers can exert strong influence on the evolution of signals, understanding the evolutionary developmental basis of mate recognition will provide new insights into the evolution of communication systems. PMID:22649307

  9. NASA/GSFC Research Activities for the Global Ocean Carbon Cycle: A Prospectus for the 21st Century

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gregg, W. W.; Behrenfield, M. J.; Hoge, F. E.; Esaias, W. E.; Huang, N. E.; Long, S. R.; McClain, C. R.

    2000-01-01

    There are increasing concerns that anthropogenic inputs of carbon dioxide into the Earth system have the potential for climate change. In response to these concerns, the GSFC Laboratory for Hydrospheric Processes has formed the Ocean Carbon Science Team (OCST) to contribute to greater understanding of the global ocean carbon cycle. The overall goals of the OCST are to: 1) detect changes in biological components of the ocean carbon cycle through remote sensing of biooptical properties, 2) refine understanding of ocean carbon uptake and sequestration through application of basic research results, new satellite algorithms, and improved model parameterizations, 3) develop and implement new sensors providing critical missing environmental information related to the oceanic carbon cycle and the flux of CO2 across the air-sea interface. The specific objectives of the OCST are to: 1) establish a 20-year time series of ocean color, 2) develop new remote sensing technologies, 3) validate ocean remote sensing observations, 4) conduct ocean carbon cycle scientific investigations directly related to remote sensing data, emphasizing physiological, empirical and coupled physical/biological models, satellite algorithm development and improvement, and analysis of satellite data sets. These research and mission objectives are intended to improve our understanding of global ocean carbon cycling and contribute to national goals by maximizing the use of remote sensing data.

  10. Prospectus for Examining the Challenges Community College Districts Face in Serving Rural and Remote Communities. Commission Report 06-06

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2006

    2006-01-01

    This paper provides background information for a Commission discussion regarding the challenges that community college districts confront when trying to serve rural and remote communities. The paper describes the dynamics of statewide and regional population growth occurring in California and an overview of program-based funding--the budgetary…

  11. Making Sense of the Nursing Education Crises in California: A Program Planning Study Prospectus. Report 09-10

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Stacy

    2009-01-01

    In the absence of continuous legislative and institutional intervention, the demand for services provided by vocational and registered nurses in California over the next ten years will greatly outpace the supply of nurses anticipated to flow from postsecondary degree programs. Nursing education and supply issues can be better understood and…

  12. Symposium Proceedings--Occupational Research and the Navy--Prospectus 1980. Technical Report No. 74-14.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Earl I., Ed.

    This five-section symposium report includes 22 papers assessing the state-of-the-art in occupational research. Section 1, Occupational Analysis, Structure, and Methods, contains four papers that discuss: the Air Force Occupational Research project, methodologies in job analysis, evaluation, structures and requirements, career development,…

  13. What Do We Really Know about the Outcomes of Australian International Education? A Critical Review and Prospectus for Future Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cuthbert, Denise; Smith, Wendy; Boey, Janice

    2008-01-01

    Australia has been a significant provider of international education in the Asia-Pacific region since 1950 with the inception of the Colombo Plan. Thus, graduates from these early days would by now be mature professionals in a variety of fields, with several decades of professional and academic attainment enabled by their Australian education. Yet…

  14. Personality, Motivation, and College Readiness: A Prospectus for Assessment and Development. Research Report. ETS RR-14-06

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kyllonen, Patrick C.; Lipnevich, Anastasiya A.; Burrus, Jeremy; Roberts, Richard D.

    2014-01-01

    This article concerns how noncognitive constructs--personality and motivation--can be assessed and developed to increase students' readiness for college. We propose a general framework to account for personality and motivational differences between students. We review numerous studies showing that personality and motivational factors are related…

  15. 17 CFR 229.501 - (Item 501) Forepart of Registration Statement and Outside Front Cover Page of Prospectus.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... securities except where the information is clear from the title of the security. For example, you are not... present the information in a table, term sheet format, or other clear presentation. You may present the... securities commission has approved or disapproved of the securities or passed upon the accuracy or...

  16. Postsecondary Institutions and Price of Attendance in 2011-12, Degrees and Other Awards Conferred: 2010-11, and 12-Month Enrollment: 2010-11. First Look (Provisional Data). NCES 2012-289rev

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knapp, Laura G.; Kelly-Reid, Janice E.; Ginder, Scott A.

    2012-01-01

    The Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) collects institution-level data from postsecondary institutions in the United States (50 states and the District of Columbia) and other U.S. jurisdictions (see appendix A for a list of other U.S. jurisdictions). This "First Look" presents findings from the provisional data of the…

  17. Tidal flow dynamics and background fluorescence of the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway in the vicinity of Sullivan’s Island and the Isle of Palms, South Carolina, 2011-12

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Conrads, Paul A.; Journey, Celeste A.; Clark, Jimmy M.; Levesque, Victor A.

    2013-01-01

    To effectively plan site-specific studies to understand the connection between wastewater effluent and shellfish beds, data are needed concerning flow dynamics and background fluorescence in the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway near the effluent outfalls on Sullivan’s Island and the Isle of Palms. Tidal flows were computed by the U.S. Geological Survey for three stations and longitudinal water-quality profiles were collected at high and low tide. Flows for the three U.S. Geological Survey stations, the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway by the Isle of Palms Marina, the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway by the Ben M. Sawyer Memorial Bridge at Sullivan’s Island, and Breach Inlet, were computed for the 53-day period from December 4, 2011, to January 26, 2012. The largest flows occurred at Breach Inlet and ranged from -58,600 cubic feet per second (ft3/s) toward the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway to 63,300 ft3/s toward the Atlantic Ocean. Of the two stations on the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway, the Sullivan’s Island station had the larger flows and ranged from -6,360 ft3/s to the southwest (toward Charleston Harbor) to 8,930 ft3/s to the northeast. Computed tidal flow at the Isle of Palms station ranged from -3,460 ft3/s toward the southwest to 6,410 ft3/s toward the northeast. The synoptic water-quality study showed that the stations were well mixed vertically and horizontally. All fluorescence measurements (recorded as rhodamine concentration) were below the accuracy of the sensor and the background fluorescence would not likely interfere with a dye-tracer study.

  18. What Is the Price of College? Total, Net, and Out-of-Pocket Prices by Type of Institution in 2011-12. NCES 2015-165. Stats in Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Radwin, David; Wei, Christina Chang

    2015-01-01

    Americans believe in the value of a college education, but worry about its price. Recent surveys show large majorities affirming the importance of postsecondary education, but characterizing it as too expensive and sometimes financially out of reach. This Statistics in Brief describes three measures of the price of undergraduate education in the…

  19. Physical characteristics and fish assemblage composition at site and mesohabitat scales over a range of streamflows in the Middle Rio Grande, New Mexico, winter 2011-12, summer 2012

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Braun, Christopher L.; Pearson, Daniel K.; Porter, Michael D.; Moring, J. Bruce

    2015-01-01

    Water-quality properties were only collected during summer 2012, when low-streamflow conditions existed and water-quality properties were thought to be potentially most limiting to aquatic life. Area-weighted mean water temperatures tended to be higher at the sites that were sampled in August 2012 (25.57 degrees Celsius [°C]) compared to June 2012 (24.61 °C). The highest area-weighted mean water temperature at a given site (29.03 °C) was measured at the Lemitar site on August 7, 2012, coincident with the lowest measured discharge (4.13 cubic feet per second [ft3/s]). Area-weighted mean dissolved oxygen concentrations tended to be lower in August (7.46 milligrams per liter [mg/L]) compared to June (8.33 mg/L). The highest area-weighted mean dissolved oxygen concentration (9.13 mg/L) was measured at the Lemitar site on August 7, 2012, and the lowest area-weighted mean dissolved oxygen concentration (6.23 mg/L) was measured at the Los Padillas site on August 10, 2012. Area-weighted specific conductance in the sites upstream from La Joya did not exceed 400 microsiemens per centimeter (μS/cm) at 25 °C, whereas the area-weighted mean specific conductance at La Joya (837 μs/cm at 25 °C), Rio Salado (857 μs/cm at 25 °C), and Lemitar (1,300 μs/cm at 25 °C) were all well above the average of the area-weighted means for the 10 remaining sites (433 μs/cm at 25 °C). Lower area-weighted mean pH values were measured at the 3 sites in and near Albuquerque (La Orilla, Barelas, and Los Padillas—7.98, 8.08, and 7.81, respectively) compared to any of the 10 remaining sites, which had an overall mean pH of 8.44.

  20. Postsecondary Institutions and Price of Attendance in 2011-12, Degrees and Other Awards Conferred: 2010-11, and 12-Month Enrollment--2010-11. First Look (Preliminary Data). NCES 2012-289

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knapp, Laura G.; Kelly-Reid, Janice E.; Ginder, Scott A.

    2012-01-01

    The Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) collects institution-level data from postsecondary institutions in the United States (50 states and the District of Columbia) and other U.S. jurisdictions (see appendix A for a list of other U.S. jurisdictions). This "First Look" presents findings from the preliminary data of the IPEDS…

  1. Improving Developmental Mathematics Education in Community Colleges: A Prospectus and Early Progress Report on the Statway Initiative. An NCPR Working Paper

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cullinane, Jenna; Treisman, Philip Uri

    2010-01-01

    Developmental education has the mission of enabling underprepared students to acquire the capabilities necessary for college success. A growing number of research studies document its failure, however; specifically, approximately two thirds of community college students referred to a remedial mathematics sequence do not complete it. In response to…

  2. An "Education Professions Performance Development Act": A Prospectus for Providing "Highly Qualified" and More Motivated Teachers and Leaders for America's Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guthrie, James W.

    2005-01-01

    Classroom teachers are among the few remaining employee groups whose evaluations and remuneration are generally unrelated to their performance. However, it is difficult to appraise a teacher's effectiveness by achievement of pupils because learning is not under an instructor's complete influence. New measurement techniques are emerging, however,…

  3. Hydrological Aspects of Weather Prediction and Flood Warnings: Report of the Ninth Prospectus Development Team of the U.S. Weather Research Program

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Droegemeier, K.K.; Smith, J.D.; Businger, S.; Doswell, C.; Doyle, J.; Duffy, C.; Foufoula-Georgiou, E.; Graziano, T.; James, L.D.; Krajewski, V.; LeMone, M.; Lettenmaier, D.; Mass, C.; Pielke, R.; Ray, P.; Rutledge, S.; Schaake, J.; Zipser, E.

    2000-01-01

    Among the many natural disasters that disrupt human and industrial activity in the United States each year, including tornadoes, hurricanes, extreme temperatures, and lightning, floods are among the most devastating and rank second in the loss of life. Indeed, the societal impact of floods has increased during the past few years and shows no sign of abating. Although the scientific questions associated with flooding and its accurate prediction are many and complex, an unprecedented opportunity now exists - in light of new observational and computing systems and infrastructures, a much improved understanding of small-scale meteorological and hydrological processes, and the availability of sophisticated numerical models and data assimilation systems - to attack the flood forecasting problem in a comprehensive manner that will yield significant new scientific insights and corresponding practical benefits. The authors present herein a set of recommendations for advancing our understanding of floods via the creation of natural laboratories situated in a variety of local meteorological and hydrological settings. Emphasis is given to floods caused by convection and cold season events, fronts and extratropical cyclones, orographic forcing, and hurricanes and tropical cyclones following landfall. Although the particular research strategies applied within each laboratory setting will necessarily vary, all will share the following principal elements: (a) exploitation of those couplings important to flooding that exist between meteorological and hydrological processes and models; (b) innovative use of operational radars, research radars, satellites, and rain gauges to provide detailed spatial characterizations of precipitation fields and rates, along with the use of this information in hydrological models and for improving and validating microphysical algorithms in meteorological models; (c) comparisons of quantitative precipitation estimation algorithms from both research (especially multiparameter) and operational radars against gauge data as well as output produced by meso- and storm-scale models; (d) use of data from dense, temporary river gauge networks to trace the fate of rain from its starting location in small basins to the entire stream and river network; and (e) sensitivity testing in the design and implementation of separate as well as coupled meteorological and hydrologic models, the latter designed to better represent those nonlinear feedbacks between the atmosphere and land that are known to play an important role in runoff prediction. Vital to this effort will be the creation of effective and sustained linkages between the historically separate though scientifically related disciplines of meteorology and hydrology, as well as their observational infrastructures and research methodologies.

  4. A Prospectus for a Study of the Match between Degrees Awarded and California Labor Market Demand. Commission Report 08-21

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2008

    2008-01-01

    There is a persistent concern over mismatches between the degrees awarded by universities and the needs of the job market. Although there are shortages of graduates in some fields, many university graduates have difficulty finding jobs that make good use of their education. This has been discussed in newspaper articles, in education and business…

  5. People and the Arctic: A Prospectus for Research on the Human Dimensions of the Arctic System (HARC) for the National Science Foundation Arctic System Science Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arctic Research Consortium of the United States, Fairbanks, AK.

    The U.S. Global Change Research Program was established in 1990 to develop scientific projections of anticipated impacts of the changing biosphere on humans and social systems. As part of this program, the National Science Foundation created the Arctic System Science Program (ARCSS). This document describes the ARCSS Human Dimensions of the Arctic…

  6. 17 CFR 230.426 - Filing of certain prospectuses under § 230.167 in connection with certain offerings of asset...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... intention to purchase the asset-backed securities. (2) Any ABS informational and computational material if a... issuer or an underwriter that it will purchase all or a portion of the class of asset-backed...

  7. BOND ISSUE--WHAT SHALL WE DO. TECHNIQUES USED IN PROMOTING SCHOOL BOND ELECTIONS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin.

    THIS REPORT OUTLINES SUGGESTIONS FOR CONDUCTING SCHOOL BOND CAMPAIGNS. ONE OF THE FIRST STEPS AN ADMINISTRATOR SHOULD TAKE IS TO EVALUATE THE FACTORS IMPORTANT TO THE SELLING OF BONDS--STIMULATE INTEREST IN INVESTMENT DEALERS THEREBY INCREASING COMPETITION FOR BONDS, PREPARE A COMPLETE ACCURATE PROSPECTUS, CIRCULATE THE PROSPECTUS AMONG BOND…

  8. 17 CFR 288.4 - Preparation and filing of reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... the English language. If any exhibit or other paper or document filed with the report is in a foreign language, it shall be accompanied by a translation into the English language. (d) Reports pursuant to Rule 3 (17 CFR 288.3) may be filed in the form of prospectus to the extent that such prospectus...

  9. 17 CFR 288.4 - Preparation and filing of reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... the English language. If any exhibit or other paper or document filed with the report is in a foreign language, it shall be accompanied by a translation into the English language. (d) Reports pursuant to Rule 3 (17 CFR 288.3) may be filed in the form of prospectus to the extent that such prospectus...

  10. 17 CFR 288.4 - Preparation and filing of reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... the English language. If any exhibit or other paper or document filed with the report is in a foreign language, it shall be accompanied by a translation into the English language. (d) Reports pursuant to Rule 3 (17 CFR 288.3) may be filed in the form of prospectus to the extent that such prospectus...

  11. 17 CFR 288.4 - Preparation and filing of reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... the English language. If any exhibit or other paper or document filed with the report is in a foreign language, it shall be accompanied by a translation into the English language. (d) Reports pursuant to Rule 3 (17 CFR 288.3) may be filed in the form of prospectus to the extent that such prospectus...

  12. 17 CFR 288.4 - Preparation and filing of reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... the English language. If any exhibit or other paper or document filed with the report is in a foreign language, it shall be accompanied by a translation into the English language. (d) Reports pursuant to Rule 3 (17 CFR 288.3) may be filed in the form of prospectus to the extent that such prospectus...

  13. A Prospectus of Working Women's Concerns. Hearings before the Subcommittee on Employment Opportunities of the Committee on Education and Labor. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session (July 21-22, 1987).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

    This document contains congressional hearings to raise a variety of issues and problems pertaining to women in the workplace. It focuses on legislation that might alleviate any adverse conditions that might exist, especially H.R. 2577, the Economic Equity Act of 1987. Issues include barriers in pay equity, wider opportunities for women and…

  14. Financing Postsecondary Education in California, 1985-2000. The Fourth in a Series of Background Papers for the Commission's Long-Range Planning Project. A Prospectus for California Postsecondary Education, 1985-2000. Commission Report 85-17.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Postsecondary Education Commission, Sacramento.

    California's ability to support postsecondary education is explored, including economic projections and the ways colleges receive and spend funds. After a historical overview of the national and California economies, short- and long-term projections are offered concerning several indices of economic productivity, especially the Gross National…

  15. 77 FR 34414 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-11

    ... engage in direct marketing and therefore deliver their own prospectuses. The Commission estimates that... Officer, Securities and Exchange Commission, c/o Remi Pavlik-Simon, 6432 General Green Way, Alexandria,...

  16. 78 FR 10638 - Proposed Amendment to the Information Collection Requirements of Prohibited Transaction Exemption...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-14

    ... upon an investor's request \\2\\ and to provide the full prospectus on-line at a specified Internet site.\\3\\ \\1\\ See 74 FR 4546 (January 26, 2009). The final rule adopted, among other things,...

  17. 76 FR 69299 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request Upon Written Request, Copies Available From: Securities...) To disclose in its prospectus and advertising literature the amount of any administrative...

  18. Synthesis

    SciTech Connect

    Schimel, David; Janetos, Anthony C.; Backlund, Peter; Hatfield, Jerry; Ryan, Mike; Archer, Steven; Lettenmaier, D. P.

    2008-05-01

    This section synthesizes information from those sectoral chapters in the book to address a series of questions that were posed by the CCSP agencies in the prospectus for this report and formulate a set of overaching conclusions.

  19. 78 FR 12648 - Airworthiness Directives; Robinson Helicopter Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-25

    ... helicopter. (c) Affected ADs This AD supersedes AD 2011-12-10, Amendment 39-16717 (76 FR 35330, June 17, 2011..., 2011, we issued AD 2011-12-10, amendment 39-16717 (76 FR 35330, June 17, 2011) (AD 2011-12-10) for... typographical error in AD 2011-12-10 on March 5, 2012 (77 FR 12991). AD 2011-12-10 requires a pilot check of...

  20. 76 FR 74070 - Endangered and Threatened Species; Permits

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-30

    ... UNIVERSITY 042946 4/26/2011 12/31/2012 ST. LOUIS ZOO 135297 4/25/2011 12/31/2012 STANTEC CONSULTING SERVICES... THE OHIO DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION 02651A 8/8/2011 12/31/2011 THE TOLEDO ZOO 106217 4/26/2010...

  1. Teaching English in a Nuclear Age.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Ken, Ed.

    1985-01-01

    Various aspects of teaching English in a nuclear age is the focus of the 13 articles in this journal. Titles of the articles are as follows: (1) "The Future? Educating about the Nuclear Arms Race"; (2) "Nuclear Arms in a University English Class"; (3) "Prospectus for a Course on War, Peace, and Apocalypse in Western Thought and Literature"; (4)…

  2. Americas Unidas; Pilot Broadcasting Program Los Angeles, California.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murdock, Samuel W.

    A proposed Spanish-speaking pilot broadcasting program in the Los Angeles area is described in this prospectus. The purpose of Americas Unidas, a proposed non-profit California corporation, will be to do research and development, production, distribution, and broadcasting of educational films and other audiovisual materials for the…

  3. 17 CFR 229.1104 - (Item 1104) Sponsors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... February 14, 2013, information may be limited to the prior year; and (ii) For prospectuses to be filed pursuant to § 230.424 of this chapter on or after February 14, 2013 but prior to February 14, 2014... required by Rule 15Ga-1(a) (17 CFR 240.15Ga-1(a)) concerning all assets securitized by the sponsor...

  4. 17 CFR 229.1105 - (Item 1105) Static pool information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... extent material, over the life of the prior securitized pool or vintage origination year. The most recent... prospectus. (iii) Provide summary information for the original characteristics of the prior securitized pools or vintage origination years, as applicable and material. While the material summary...

  5. Cross Academic Credit. Bookkeeping. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bargnesi, Mary Lou; And Others

    This prospectus for a bookkeeping course is one of a series of business education position papers/curriculum guides developed for high schools in Connecticut to demonstrate that business courses can be used as part of an integrated academic and vocational curriculum. The guide is organized into the following six sections: (1) business department…

  6. Cross Academic Credit. Accounting. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norwich Free Academy, CT.

    This prospectus for an accounting course is one of a series of business education position papers/curriculum guides developed for high schools in Connecticut to demonstrate that business courses can be used as part of an integrated academic and vocational curriculum. The guide is organized into the following six sections: (1) business department…

  7. 12 CFR 218.721 - Defined terms relating to the trust and fiduciary activities exception from the definition of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... limitation, a fee paid— (A) For personal services, tax preparation, or real estate settlement services; (B... owners, including proxies, shareholder reports, dividend and tax notices, and updated prospectuses; or (7... management; (iv) A flat or capped per order processing fee, paid by or on behalf of a customer or...

  8. 12 CFR 218.721 - Defined terms relating to the trust and fiduciary activities exception from the definition of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... limitation, a fee paid— (A) For personal services, tax preparation, or real estate settlement services; (B... owners, including proxies, shareholder reports, dividend and tax notices, and updated prospectuses; or (7... management; (iv) A flat or capped per order processing fee, paid by or on behalf of a customer or...

  9. 17 CFR 270.35d-1 - Investment company names.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...) For purposes of section 35(d) of the Act (15 U.S.C. 80a-34(d)), a materially deceptive and misleading... by its name; (ii) The Fund discloses in its prospectus the specific criteria used by the Fund to... provided in plain English in a separate written document; (2) The notice will contain the...

  10. 17 CFR 270.35d-1 - Investment company names.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...) For purposes of section 35(d) of the Act (15 U.S.C. 80a-34(d)), a materially deceptive and misleading... by its name; (ii) The Fund discloses in its prospectus the specific criteria used by the Fund to... provided in plain English in a separate written document; (2) The notice will contain the...

  11. An Integrated Approach to Geologic Writing for Non-Science Majors Based on Study of California River.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beiersdorfer, Raymond Emil; Haynes, Jared

    1991-01-01

    Describes a method of teaching geology and scientific writing to nonscience students that combines active integration of lecture, reading, and laboratory materials with field observations into a writing assignment on a real scientific problem. The writing assignment is completed in stages: a prospectus, a detailed report outline, a bibliography, a…

  12. 17 CFR 200.80a - Appendix A-Documentary materials available to the public.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Bretton Woods Agreement Act (17 CFR part 285). Periodic reports filed by the Inter-American Development...-American Bank Act. Periodic reports filed by the Asian Development Bank, pursuant to Regulation AD (17 CFR... offered for public sale, filed under Regulation C (17 CFR 230.400 et seq.) 6 Prospectuses...

  13. 36 CFR 51.104 - Have information collection procedures been followed?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Have information collection..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR CONCESSION CONTRACTS Information Collection § 51.104 Have information collection... concession prospectuses contained in this part have been approved by the Office of Management and Budget...

  14. 17 CFR 200.80a - Appendix A-Documentary materials available to the public.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... offered for public sale, filed under Regulation C (17 CFR 230.400 et seq.) 6 Prospectuses (selling... (Regulation B) (17 CFR 230.300 et seq.) 3(b) Offering sheets for oil or gas rights and royalties under Regulation B for exemption from registration provisions (17 CFR 230.300 et seq.) 3(b) Notifications...

  15. 76 FR 69307 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-08

    ... COMMISSION Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request Upon Written Request, Copy Available From: Securities... statutory prospectus (``sales literature''). Rule 34b-1 deems to be materially misleading any investment company (``fund'') sales literature required to be filed with the Securities and Exchange...

  16. 24 CFR 811.107 - Financing documents and data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Financing documents and data. 811... AMENDMENTS § 811.107 Financing documents and data. (a) The financing agency shall assure that any official statement or prospectus or other disclosure statement prepared in connection with the financing shall...

  17. 24 CFR 811.107 - Financing documents and data.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Financing documents and data. 811... AMENDMENTS § 811.107 Financing documents and data. (a) The financing agency shall assure that any official statement or prospectus or other disclosure statement prepared in connection with the financing shall...

  18. 17 CFR 230.153b - Definition of “preceded by a prospectus”, as used in section 5(b)(2), in connection with certain...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Definition of âpreceded by a prospectusâ, as used in section 5(b)(2), in connection with certain transactions in standardized options. 230... RULES AND REGULATIONS, SECURITIES ACT OF 1933 General § 230.153b Definition of “preceded by a...

  19. To Market, to Market: An Historic Account of How Schools Have Marketed Themselves over the Past 150 Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hooper, Carole

    2011-01-01

    This article provides an historical account of how fee-charging Victorian schools have marketed themselves over the past 150 years (via the use of advertisements, brochures, and prospectuses) in order to promote those aspects of schooling believed to be of most importance to potential customers (parents). While some of the features--most notably…

  20. Classing Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCandless, Trevor

    2015-01-01

    School prospectuses and promotional videos appeal to parents by presenting idealised images of the education a school provides. These educational idealisations visually realise the form of discipline a school is expected to provide, depending on the social habitus of the parents. This paper presents a content analysis of the images used in 33 sets…

  1. 76 FR 8386 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-14

    ... information technology. Consideration will be given to comments and suggestions submitted in writing within 60... COMMISSION Proposed Collection; Comment Request Upon Written Request; Copies Available From: Securities and.... Rule 433 (17 CFR 230.433) governs the use and filing of free writing prospectuses under the...

  2. 50 CFR 36.41 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM ALASKA NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGES Permits and Public Participation and Closure... privileged uses on all national wildlife refuges in Alaska. Nothing in this section requires the refuge... by law or regulation on a national wildlife refuge; Prospectus means the document that the...

  3. 50 CFR 36.41 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM ALASKA NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGES Permits and Public Participation and Closure... privileged uses on all national wildlife refuges in Alaska. Nothing in this section requires the refuge... by law or regulation on a national wildlife refuge; Prospectus means the document that the...

  4. The Imperative Educational Network: Parents, Teachers, and Concerned Individuals. Volume 2. Proceedings of the Imperative Educational Network Conference (Athens, Georgia, 1990).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomlinson, Louise M., Ed.

    This conference was designed to provide a forum for the exchange of ideas on how parents, teachers, and other concerned individuals can contribute to strengthening the educational support system, and to generate practical information on strategies to improve achievement levels of youth. The first article, titled "Conference Program Prospectus" by…

  5. Re-Visioning Disability and Dyslexia down the Camera Lens: Interpretations of Representations on UK University Websites and in a UK Government Guidance Paper

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collinson, Craig; Dunne, Linda; Woolhouse, Clare

    2012-01-01

    The focus of this article is to consider visual portrayals and representations of disability. The images selected for analysis came from online university prospectuses as well as a governmental guidance framework on the tuition of dyslexic students. Greater understanding, human rights and cultural change have been characteristic of much UK…

  6. 36 CFR 51.17 - What are the selection factors?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... proposal to conduct its operations in a manner that furthers the protection, conservation and preservation..., without limitation, energy conservation, waste reduction, and recycling. A prospectus may exclude this... Indians, Indian tribes, Native Alaskans, or minority or women-owned businesses in operations under...

  7. 36 CFR 51.17 - What are the selection factors?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... proposal to conduct its operations in a manner that furthers the protection, conservation and preservation..., without limitation, energy conservation, waste reduction, and recycling. A prospectus may exclude this... Indians, Indian tribes, Native Alaskans, or minority or women-owned businesses in operations under...

  8. Communication Methods for the Hearing Impaired.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    World Federation of the Deaf, Rome (Italy).

    Communication methods for the hearing impaired are discussed in 12 conference papers. Papers from the United States are "Adjustment through Oralism" by G. Fellendorf, "Prospectus of Patterning" (a method of teaching speech to deaf children) by M.S. Buckler, and "Visual Monitoring of Speech by the Deaf" by W. Pronovost. Papers from the U.S.S.R.,…

  9. 17 CFR 200.80a - Appendix A-Documentary materials available to the public.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... offered for public sale, filed under Regulation C (17 CFR 230.400 et seq.) 6 Prospectuses (selling... (Regulation B) (17 CFR 230.300 et seq.) 3(b) Offering sheets for oil or gas rights and royalties under Regulation B for exemption from registration provisions (17 CFR 230.300 et seq.) 3(b) Notifications...

  10. 17 CFR 229.1103 - (Item 1103) Transaction summary and risk factors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... summary and risk factors. 229.1103 Section 229.1103 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND... (Regulation AB) § 229.1103 (Item 1103) Transaction summary and risk factors. (a) Prospectus summary. In... be assigned. (b) Risk factors. In providing the information required by Item 503(c) of Regulation...

  11. 36 CFR 51.30 - What must a preferred offeror do before it may exercise a right of preference?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... do before it may exercise a right of preference? 51.30 Section 51.30 Parks, Forests, and Public... New Concession Contract § 51.30 What must a preferred offeror do before it may exercise a right of... prospectus for a qualified concession contract if the preferred offeror wishes to exercise a right...

  12. 36 CFR 51.30 - What must a preferred offeror do before it may exercise a right of preference?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... do before it may exercise a right of preference? 51.30 Section 51.30 Parks, Forests, and Public... New Concession Contract § 51.30 What must a preferred offeror do before it may exercise a right of... prospectus for a qualified concession contract if the preferred offeror wishes to exercise a right...

  13. 36 CFR 51.30 - What must a preferred offeror do before it may exercise a right of preference?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... do before it may exercise a right of preference? 51.30 Section 51.30 Parks, Forests, and Public... New Concession Contract § 51.30 What must a preferred offeror do before it may exercise a right of... prospectus for a qualified concession contract if the preferred offeror wishes to exercise a right...

  14. 36 CFR 51.30 - What must a preferred offeror do before it may exercise a right of preference?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... do before it may exercise a right of preference? 51.30 Section 51.30 Parks, Forests, and Public... New Concession Contract § 51.30 What must a preferred offeror do before it may exercise a right of... prospectus for a qualified concession contract if the preferred offeror wishes to exercise a right...

  15. 36 CFR 51.30 - What must a preferred offeror do before it may exercise a right of preference?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... do before it may exercise a right of preference? 51.30 Section 51.30 Parks, Forests, and Public... New Concession Contract § 51.30 What must a preferred offeror do before it may exercise a right of... prospectus for a qualified concession contract if the preferred offeror wishes to exercise a right...

  16. 76 FR 54815 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-02

    ... material that accompanies or follows the delivery of a statutory prospectus (``sales literature''). Rule 34b-1 deems to be materially misleading any investment company (``fund'') sales literature required to... Investment Company Act (15 U.S.C. 80a-24(b)) that includes performance data, unless the sales literature...

  17. 17 CFR 230.160 - Registered investment company exemption from Section 101(c)(1) of the Electronic Signatures in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... exemption from Section 101(c)(1) of the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act. 230.160...(c)(1) of the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act. A prospectus for an... 101(c)(1) of the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act....

  18. Picturing Natural Girlhoods: Nature, Space and Femininity in Girls' School Promotions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wardman, Natasha; Gottschall, Kristina; Drew, Christopher; Hutchesson, Rachael; Saltmarsh, Sue

    2013-01-01

    This paper furthers a discussion about the ways in which idealised versions of gender permeate the aesthetic presentation and impression management strategies of elite private schools. Specifically, we consider how the written text, layout and images used in 12 Australian private girls school prospectuses function in constructing discourses of…

  19. 17 CFR 230.160 - Registered investment company exemption from Section 101(c)(1) of the Electronic Signatures in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... exemption from Section 101(c)(1) of the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act. 230.160...(c)(1) of the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act. A prospectus for an... 101(c)(1) of the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act....

  20. 17 CFR 230.160 - Registered investment company exemption from Section 101(c)(1) of the Electronic Signatures in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... exemption from Section 101(c)(1) of the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act. 230.160...(c)(1) of the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act. A prospectus for an... 101(c)(1) of the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act....

  1. 17 CFR 230.160 - Registered investment company exemption from Section 101(c)(1) of the Electronic Signatures in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... exemption from Section 101(c)(1) of the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act. 230.160...(c)(1) of the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act. A prospectus for an... 101(c)(1) of the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act....

  2. 17 CFR 230.160 - Registered investment company exemption from Section 101(c)(1) of the Electronic Signatures in...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... exemption from Section 101(c)(1) of the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act. 230.160...(c)(1) of the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act. A prospectus for an... 101(c)(1) of the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act....

  3. "Rule of Thumb Methods No Longer Suffice": Development of British Coal Industry Education and Training 1900-circa 1970 and Lessons for Present-Day Education Policy-Makers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Martyn A.

    2015-01-01

    This paper traces the origins and development of coal mining education and training in Britain from 1900 to the 1970s, by which time the coal industry had substantially declined. It looks at the progress from working-class self-help to national policy in support of education and training. The research makes use of college prospectuses and…

  4. 77 FR 27100 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-08

    ... trusts that offer variable life insurance policies.'' Form N-6 is the form used by insurance company separate accounts organized as unit investment trusts that offer variable life insurance contracts to... trusts that offer variable life insurance policies to provide investors with a prospectus and a...

  5. Report: National Conference on Cooperative Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bureau of Occupational and Adult Education (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

    The conference report on cooperative vocational education contains four main sections. The first, background papers, contains three papers: Education in a Changing Society, Carl H. Madden; A Prospectus for Cooperative Vocational Education, William F. Pierce; and Critical Issues in Cooperative Vocational Education, Robert M. Worthington. The second…

  6. Older Americans and the Arts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sunderland, Jaqueline Tippett

    The potential force for the mutual enrichment of the arts on the lives of older people was investigated by an advisory committee representing the John F. Kennedy Center for Performing Arts and The National Council on the Aging. This prospectus, a report of the committee findings, includes a review of a representative spectrum of cultural programs…

  7. 36 CFR 51.17 - What are the selection factors?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... factors? 51.17 Section 51.17 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR CONCESSION CONTRACTS Solicitation, Selection and Award Procedures § 51.17 What are the selection... area; (2) The responsiveness of the proposal to the objectives, as described in the prospectus,...

  8. 36 CFR 51.17 - What are the selection factors?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... factors? 51.17 Section 51.17 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR CONCESSION CONTRACTS Solicitation, Selection and Award Procedures § 51.17 What are the selection... area; (2) The responsiveness of the proposal to the objectives, as described in the prospectus,...

  9. 17 CFR 229.1103 - (Item 1103) Transaction summary and risk factors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... subordination features) and any other material features of the transaction. (1) Identify the participants in the... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false (Item 1103) Transaction... (Regulation AB) § 229.1103 (Item 1103) Transaction summary and risk factors. (a) Prospectus summary....

  10. 76 FR 2154 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-12

    ...'') for extension and approval. Like most issuers of securities, when an investment company \\1\\ (``fund... to advertise investment performance data, as well as other information. Rule 482 advertisements are deemed to be ``prospectuses'' under Section 10(b) of the Securities Act.\\2\\ \\1\\ ``Investment...

  11. 17 CFR 287.4 - Preparation and filing of reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... the English language. If any exhibit or other paper or document filed with the report is in a foreign language, it shall be accompanied by a translation into the English language. (d) Reports pursuant to Rule 3 (17 CFR 287.3) may be filed in the form of a prospectus to the extent that such...

  12. 17 CFR 287.4 - Preparation and filing of reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... the English language. If any exhibit or other paper or document filed with the report is in a foreign language, it shall be accompanied by a translation into the English language. (d) Reports pursuant to Rule 3 (17 CFR 287.3) may be filed in the form of a prospectus to the extent that such...

  13. 17 CFR 287.4 - Preparation and filing of reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... the English language. If any exhibit or other paper or document filed with the report is in a foreign language, it shall be accompanied by a translation into the English language. (d) Reports pursuant to Rule 3 (17 CFR 287.3) may be filed in the form of a prospectus to the extent that such...

  14. 17 CFR 290.4 - Preparation and filing of reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    .... (c) The report shall be in the English language. If any exhibit or other paper or document filed with the report is in a foreign language, it shall be accompanied by a translation into the English language. (d) Reports pursuant to § 290.3 may be filed in the form of a prospectus to the extent that...

  15. 17 CFR 290.4 - Preparation and filing of reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    .... (c) The report shall be in the English language. If any exhibit or other paper or document filed with the report is in a foreign language, it shall be accompanied by a translation into the English language. (d) Reports pursuant to § 290.3 may be filed in the form of a prospectus to the extent that...

  16. 17 CFR 290.4 - Preparation and filing of reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    .... (c) The report shall be in the English language. If any exhibit or other paper or document filed with the report is in a foreign language, it shall be accompanied by a translation into the English language. (d) Reports pursuant to § 290.3 may be filed in the form of a prospectus to the extent that...

  17. 17 CFR 290.4 - Preparation and filing of reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    .... (c) The report shall be in the English language. If any exhibit or other paper or document filed with the report is in a foreign language, it shall be accompanied by a translation into the English language. (d) Reports pursuant to § 290.3 may be filed in the form of a prospectus to the extent that...

  18. 17 CFR 287.4 - Preparation and filing of reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... the English language. If any exhibit or other paper or document filed with the report is in a foreign language, it shall be accompanied by a translation into the English language. (d) Reports pursuant to Rule 3 (17 CFR 287.3) may be filed in the form of a prospectus to the extent that such...

  19. [New documentation on the Robert baby bottle].

    PubMed

    Julien, P

    1996-01-01

    The author makes known about a dozen unpublished documents (puzzle-cards, invoice, advertisements, post card, stamped tin signs printed in colors, catalogue, prospectuses) which shed light on the history of the manufacture Robert baby bottles (located successively in Dijon, Paris and in Martres-de-Veyre) and on the practice of bottle feeding. PMID:11624777

  20. 17 CFR 287.4 - Preparation and filing of reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... the English language. If any exhibit or other paper or document filed with the report is in a foreign language, it shall be accompanied by a translation into the English language. (d) Reports pursuant to Rule 3 (17 CFR 287.3) may be filed in the form of a prospectus to the extent that such...

  1. 17 CFR 290.4 - Preparation and filing of reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    .... (c) The report shall be in the English language. If any exhibit or other paper or document filed with the report is in a foreign language, it shall be accompanied by a translation into the English language. (d) Reports pursuant to § 290.3 may be filed in the form of a prospectus to the extent that...

  2. 17 CFR 229.512 - (Item 512) Undertakings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... (17 CFR 232.312) through the specified Internet address in the prospectus is deemed to be a part of... statement to include any financial statements required by “Item 8.A. of Form 20-F (17 CFR 249.220f)” at the... with Item 1100(c)(1) of Regulation AB (17 CFR 229.1100(c)(1)) shall be deemed to be a new...

  3. Development risks

    SciTech Connect

    Riedy, M.; Desai, S.

    1996-04-01

    Risks associated with hydropower production development in India are discussed in this article. A project prospectus for the development of India`s estimated 84,044 MW(e) hydropower potential is given which accounts for environmental and regulatory concerns. Regulations issued by the Government of Industry regarding private investment in hydropower are outlined, and additional policies which are expected to be instituted are discussed.

  4. 17 CFR 248.9 - Delivering privacy and opt out notices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... you deliver the notice with or in a stockholder or shareholder report under the conditions in 17 CFR 270.30d-1(f) or 17 CFR 270.30d-2(b), or with or in a prospectus under the conditions in 17 CFR 230.154... isolated transaction with the consumer, such as an ATM transaction, post the notice on the ATM screen...

  5. 17 CFR 248.9 - Delivering privacy and opt out notices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... you deliver the notice with or in a stockholder or shareholder report under the conditions in 17 CFR 270.30d-1(f) or 17 CFR 270.30d-2(b), or with or in a prospectus under the conditions in 17 CFR 230.154... isolated transaction with the consumer, such as an ATM transaction, post the notice on the ATM screen...

  6. 17 CFR 248.9 - Delivering privacy and opt out notices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... you deliver the notice with or in a stockholder or shareholder report under the conditions in 17 CFR 270.30d-1(f) or 17 CFR 270.30d-2(b), or with or in a prospectus under the conditions in 17 CFR 230.154... isolated transaction with the consumer, such as an ATM transaction, post the notice on the ATM screen...

  7. 17 CFR 248.9 - Delivering privacy and opt out notices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... you deliver the notice with or in a stockholder or shareholder report under the conditions in 17 CFR 270.30d-1(f) or 17 CFR 270.30d-2(b), or with or in a prospectus under the conditions in 17 CFR 230.154... isolated transaction with the consumer, such as an ATM transaction, post the notice on the ATM screen...

  8. 17 CFR 248.9 - Delivering privacy and opt out notices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... you deliver the notice with or in a stockholder or shareholder report under the conditions in 17 CFR 270.30d-1(f) or 17 CFR 270.30d-2(b), or with or in a prospectus under the conditions in 17 CFR 230.154... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Delivering privacy and opt...

  9. 17 CFR 270.8b-16 - Amendments to registration statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... shareholders; (4) Any material changes in the principal risk factors associated with investment in the company... on Form N-SAR, as prescribed by rule 30b1-1 (17 CFR 270.30b1-1), shall amend the registration... company's prospectus by Item 10.1.e of Form N-2 (17 CFR 274.11a-1); (2) Any material changes in...

  10. 12 CFR 704.5 - Investments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 1940 (15 U.S.C. 80a), or a collective investment fund maintained by a national bank under 12 CFR 9.18 or a mutual savings bank under 12 CFR 550.260, provided that the company or fund prospectus restricts... interests in one or more interest-only classes of a CMO (IO CMOs) or principal-only classes of a CMO...

  11. 12 CFR 704.5 - Investments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 1940 (15 U.S.C. 80a), or a collective investment fund maintained by a national bank under 12 CFR 9.18 or a mutual savings bank under 12 CFR 550.260, provided that the company or fund prospectus restricts... interests in one or more interest-only classes of a CMO (IO CMOs) or principal-only classes of a CMO...

  12. 12 CFR 704.5 - Investments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 1940 (15 U.S.C. 80a), or a collective investment fund maintained by a national bank under 12 CFR 9.18 or a mutual savings bank under 12 CFR 550.260, provided that the company or fund prospectus restricts... classes of a CMO (IO CMOs) or principal-only classes of a CMO (PO CMOs), but only if: (A) At the time...

  13. 12 CFR 704.5 - Investments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 1940 (15 U.S.C. 80a), or a collective investment fund maintained by a national bank under 12 CFR 9.18 or a mutual savings bank under 12 CFR 550.260, provided that the company or fund prospectus restricts... interests in one or more interest-only classes of a CMO (IO CMOs) or principal-only classes of a CMO...

  14. Design Considerations Of A Compton Camera For Low Energy Medical Imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harkness, L. J.; Boston, A. J.; Boston, H. C.; Cresswell, J. R.; Grint, A. N.; Lazarus, I.; Judson, D. S.; Nolan, P. J.; Oxley, D. C.; Simpson, J.

    2009-12-01

    Development of a Compton camera for low energy medical imaging applications is underway. The ProSPECTus project aims to utilize position sensitive detectors to generate high quality images using electronic collimation. This method has the potential to significantly increase the imaging efficiency compared with mechanically collimated SPECT systems, a highly desirable improvement on clinical systems. Design considerations encompass the geometrical optimisation and evaluation of image quality from the system which is to be built and assessed.

  15. Semiconductor detectors for Compton imaging in nuclear medicine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harkness, LJ; Judson, D. S.; Kennedy, H.; Sweeney, A.; Boston, A. J.; Boston, H. C.; Cresswell, J. R.; Nolan, P. J.; Sampson, J. A.; Burrows, I.; Groves, J.; Headspith, J.; Lazarus, I. H.; Simpson, J.; Bimson, W. E.; Kemp, G. J.

    2012-01-01

    An investigation is underway at the University of Liverpool to assess the suitability of two position sensitive semiconductor detectors as components of a Compton camera for nuclear medical imaging. The ProSPECTus project aims to improve image quality, provide shorter data acquisition times and lower patient doses by replacing conventional Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) systems. These mechanically collimated systems are employed to locate a radioactive tracer that has been administered to a patient to study specifically targeted physiological processes. The ProSPECTus system will be composed of a Si(Li) detector and a High Purity Germanium (HPGe) detector, a configuration deemed optimum using a validated Geant4 simulation package. Characterising the response of the detectors to gamma irradiation is essential in maximising the sensitivity and image resolution of the system. To this end, the performance of the HPGe ProSPECTus detector and a suitable Si(Li) detector has been assessed at the University of Liverpool. The energy resolution of the detectors has been measured and a surface scan of the Si(Li) detector has been performed using a finely collimated 241Am gamma ray source. Results from the investigation will be presented.

  16. A Descriptive Analysis of the Principal Workforce in Florida Schools. REL 2015-068

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Folsom, Jessica Sidler; Osborne-Lampkin, La'Tara; Herrington, Carolyn

    2015-01-01

    This report describes the results of a REL Southeast study using the Florida Department of Education staffing database to describe the demographic make-up, Florida Educator Certificate coverages, career paths from 2001/02 to 2011/12, and evaluation ratings of Florida's educational leaders (i.e., assistant principals and principals) in the 2011/12

  17. 78 FR 72872 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to the Office of Management and Budget for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-04

    ... processes for all K-12 education programs, has transformed the way in which ED collects and uses data. For school years 2009-10 and 2011-12, the Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC) was approved by OMB as part of... every data element collected in the 2011-12 CRDC and sought advice from experts across ED to...

  18. 77 FR 12991 - Airworthiness Directives; Robinson Helicopter Company Helicopters

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-05

    ...). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Airworthiness Directive 2011-12-10, Amendment 39-16717 (76 FR 35330, June 17, 2011...-074-AD; Amendment 39-16717; AD 2011-12-10] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Robinson Helicopter Company Helicopters AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule;...

  19. 76 FR 62605 - Airworthiness Directives; Viking Air Limited Model DHC-3 (Otter) Airplanes With Supplemental Type...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-11

    ... . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Airworthiness Directive 2011-12-02, Amendment 39-16709 (76 FR 31800, June 2, 2011... 2, 2011, AD 2011-12-02; Amendment 39-16709 (76 FR 31800, June 2, 2011), is corrected as follows: On...-02; Amendment 39- 16709 (76 FR 31800, June 2, 2011), on page 31802, paragraphs (e) and (f)(2) of...

  20. 77 FR 2292 - Request for Nominations for Peer Reviewers for the Draft Research Report Entitled, “Investigation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-17

    ... December 14, 2011 (see Federal Register Vol. 76, No. 240 at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-12-14/pdf/FR-2011-12-14.pdf ). This draft report is not final as described in EPA's Information Quality... drilling areas). --Geophysics, Environmental Engineering (As related to drilling and its effects)....

  1. Program of Research in Aeronautics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1981-01-01

    A prospectus of the educational and research opportunities available at the Joint Institute for Advancement of Flight Sciences, operated at NASA Langley Research Center in conjunction with George Washington University's School of Engineering and Applied Sciences is presented. Requirements of admission to various degree programs are given as well as the course offerings in the areas of acoustics, aeronautics, environmental modelling, materials science, and structures and dynamics. Research facilities for each field of study are described. Presentations and publications (including dissertations and theses) generated by each program are listed as well as faculty members visting scientists and engineers.

  2. Radiation-Induced Genomic Instability: A Role for Secreted Soluble Factors in Communicating the Radiation Response to Non-Irradiated Cells

    SciTech Connect

    Resat, Marianne S.; Morgan, William F.

    2004-06-14

    Radiation induced genomic instability can be described as the increased rate of genomic alterations occurring in the progeny of an irradiated cell. Its manifestations are the dynamic ongoing production of chrososomal rearrangements, mutations, gene amplifications, transformation, microsatellite instability and/or cell killing. In this prospectus, we present the hypothesis that cellular exposure to ionizing radiation can result in the secretion of soluble factors by irradiated cells and/or their progeny, and that these factors can elicit responses in other cells thereby initiating and perpetuating ongoing genomic instability.

  3. Outer planet entry probe system study. Volume 1: Summary

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1972-01-01

    General mission considerations and science prospectus, which are of a general nature that applies to several or all planetary applications, are presented. Five probe systems are defined: nominal Jupiter probe system, and Jupiter probe-dedicated alternative probe system, Jupiter spacecraft radiation-compatible alternative probe system, Saturn probe system, and Saturn probe applicability for Uranus. Parametric analysis is summarized for mission analysis of a general nature, and then for specific missions to Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. The program is also discussed from the hardware availability viewpoint and the aspect of commonality.

  4. Space Station needs, attributes and architectural options. Volume 2, book 1, part 3: Manned Space Station relevance to commercial telecommunications satellites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1983-01-01

    A document containing a forecast of satellite traffic and revelant technology trends to the year 2000 was prepared which includes those space station capabilities and characteristics that should be provided to make the station useful to commercial satellite owners. The document was circulated to key representative organizations within the commercial telecommunications satellite and related communities of interest, including spacecraft manufacturers, commercial satellite owners, communications carriers, networks and risk insurers. The prospectus document is presented as well as the transmittal letter and the mailing list of the people and companies that were asked to review it. Key commercial telecommunications comments are summarized the actual response letters from the industry are included.

  5. 77 FR 73994 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to the Office of Management and Budget for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-12

    ... of ED's policy, management, and budget decision-making processes for all K-12 educational programs.... ED is currently in the process of collecting data for the 2010-11, 2011-12, and 2012-13 school...

  6. 77 FR 46014 - Main Hawaiian Islands Deep 7 Bottomfish Annual Catch Limits and Accountability Measures for 2012-13

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-02

    ... proposed specifications and fishery closure support the long-term sustainability of Hawaii bottomfish... long-term sustainability of Hawaii bottomfish. The 2011-12 fishing year started on September 1,...

  7. What are "ecogenomic sensors?" - a review and thoughts for the future

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Scholin, C. A.

    2009-01-01

    The OceanSensors08 workshop held 31 March-4 April 2008 in Warnemünde, Germany, brought together an international group of marine scientists, sensor developers and technologists with a common interest in shaping the future of ocean sensing. In preparation for that meeting a series of review papers were commissioned, one of which was meant to cover Sensors for Ocean-omics. The "ocean-omics" topic was cast very broadly. The notion was to review use of genetic techniques for assessing presence and diversity of organisms, their genomic capacity and gene expression, and to provide a prospectus of how such methods could be applied in an autonomous capacity. I chose "ecogenomic sensor" as a descriptor to covey the essence of such a system - a device that integrates genetic level sensing with larger scale environmental characterization. But what exactly are ecogenomic sensors? A clear definition is lacking and conceptualizations of these devices far outweigh actual hardware that can be deployed in the ocean. This prospectus builds from that point. I advance a definition of "ecogenomic sensor" and outline the opportunities and challenges associated with developing such devices. Suggestions as to how this class of instrument may be further refined and applied are offered against the backdrop of the Autonomous Microbial Genosensor (AMG) and Environmental Sample Processor (ESP). Applications that center on detection of DNA and RNA are emphasized. The word "review" appears in the title at the request of the editors.

  8. Role of Preschool and Primary School Children in Epidemics of Influenza A in a Local Community in Japan during Two Consecutive Seasons with A(H3N2) as a Predominant Subtype.

    PubMed

    Mimura, Satoshi; Kamigaki, Taro; Takahashi, Yoshihiro; Umenai, Takamichi; Kudou, Mataka; Oshitani, Hitoshi

    2015-01-01

    Enhanced influenza surveillance was implemented to analyze transmission dynamics particularly driving force of influenza transmission in a community during 2011/12 and 2012/13 seasons in Odate City, Japan. In these two consecutive seasons, influenza A(H3N2) was the predominant influenza A subtype. Suspected influenza cases were tested by commercial rapid test kits. Demographic and epidemiological information of influenza positive cases were recorded using a standardized questionnaire, which included age or age group, date of visit, date of fever onset, and the result of rapid test kit. Epidemiological parameters including epidemic midpoint (EM) and growth rate (GR) were analyzed. In 2012/13 season, numbers of influenza A positive cases were significantly lower among preschool (212 cases) and primary school (224 cases) children than in 2011/12 season (461 and 538 cases, respectively). Simultaneously, total influenza A cases were also reduced from 2,092 in 2011/12 season to 1,846 in 2012/13 season. The EMs in preschool and primary school children were earlier than EMs for adult and all age group in both 2011/12 and 2012/13 seasons. The GR in 2012/13 season was significantly lower than that in 2011/12 season (0.11 and 0.18, respectively, p = 0.003). Multiple linear regression analysis by school districts revealed that GRs in both seasons were significantly correlated with the incidence of school age children. Our findings suggest that preschool and primary school children played an important role as a driving force of epidemics in the community in both 2011/12 and 2012/13 seasons. The reduction of total influenza A cases in 2012/13 season can be explained by decreased susceptible population in these age groups due to immunity acquired by infections in 2011/12 season. Further investigations are needed to investigate the effect of pre-existing immunity on influenza transmission in the community.

  9. Labeling of Neuronal Receptors and Transporters with Quantum Dots

    PubMed Central

    Chang, Jerry C.; Kovtun, Oleg; Blakely, Randy D.; Rosenthal, Sandra J.

    2012-01-01

    The ability to efficiently visualize protein targets in cells is a fundamental goal in biological research. Recently, quantum dots (QDots) have emerged as a powerful class of fluorescent probes for labeling membrane proteins in living cells due to breakthrough advances in QDot surface chemistry and biofunctionalization strategies. This review discusses the increasing use of QDots for fluorescence imaging of neuronal receptors and transporters. The readers are briefly introduced to QDot structure, photophysical properties, and common synthetic routes towards the generation of water-soluble QDots. The next section highlights several reports of QDot application that seek to unravel molecular aspects of neuronal receptor and transporter regulation and trafficking. We close with a prospectus of the future of derivatized QDots in neurobiological and pharmacological research. PMID:22887823

  10. Quantification and reduction of the uncertainty in mass balance models by Monte Carlo analysis of prior data

    SciTech Connect

    Lesht, B.M.

    1991-01-01

    The general objective of this workshop is to investigate and discuss methods by which uncertainties in mass balance models for toxics in the Great Lakes may be reduced. As described by the workshop prospectus, this paper is focused on problems of reducing (and quantifying) uncertainty as they relate to in situ field observations/system response measurements for the establishment of initial conditions, boundary conditions, calibration/confirmation data sets, and model post-audit data sets.'' I have taken this description to refer not only to the evaluation of uncertainty in the field observations themselves, but also to the uncertainty associated the analyses of in situ observations as they interact in the overall modeling process. Thus, I will be concerned here with quantification and reduction of uncertainty both (1) as they may be applied to descriptions of the system that is being modeled and (2) as they may be associated with model simulations.

  11. Quantification and reduction of the uncertainty in mass balance models by Monte Carlo analysis of prior data

    SciTech Connect

    Lesht, B.M.

    1991-12-31

    The general objective of this workshop is to investigate and discuss methods by which uncertainties in mass balance models for toxics in the Great Lakes may be reduced. As described by the workshop prospectus, this paper is focused on problems of reducing (and quantifying) uncertainty as they relate to ``in situ field observations/system response measurements for the establishment of initial conditions, boundary conditions, calibration/confirmation data sets, and model post-audit data sets.`` I have taken this description to refer not only to the evaluation of uncertainty in the field observations themselves, but also to the uncertainty associated the analyses of in situ observations as they interact in the overall modeling process. Thus, I will be concerned here with quantification and reduction of uncertainty both (1) as they may be applied to descriptions of the system that is being modeled and (2) as they may be associated with model simulations.

  12. Land use change and effects on water quality and ecosystem health in the Lake Tahoe basin, Nevada and California: year-1 progress

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Forney, William; Raumann, Christian G.; Minor, T.B.; Smith, Jody L.; Vogel, John; Vitales, Robert

    2002-01-01

    As part of the requirements for the Geographic Research and Applications Prospectus grants, this Open-File Report is the second of two that resulted from the first year of the project. The first Open-File Report (OFR 01-418) introduced the project, reviewed the existing body of literature, and outlined the research approach. This document will present an update of the research approach and offer some preliminary results from multiple efforts, specifically, the production of historical digital orthophoto quadrangles, the development of the land use/land cover (LULC) classification system, the development of a temporal transportation layer, the classification of anthropogenic cover types from the IKONOS imagery, a preliminary evaluation of landscape ecology metrics (quantification of spatial and temporal patterns of ecosystem structure and function with appropriate indices) and their utility in comparing two LULC systems, and a new initiative in community-based science and facilitation.

  13. Health and Environmental Research. Summary of Accomplishments

    DOE R&D Accomplishments Database

    1984-04-01

    This is a short account of a 40-year-old health and environmental research program performed in national laboratories, universities, and research institutes. Under the sponsorship of the federal agencies that were consecutively responsible for the national energy mission, this research program has contributed to the understanding of the human health and environmental effects of emergining energy technologies. In so doing, it has also evolved several nuclear techniques for the diagnosis and treatment of human ills. The form of this presentation is through examples of significant, tangible accomplishments in each of these areas at certain times to illustrate the role and impact of the research program. The narrative of this research program concludes with a perspective of its past and a prospectus on its future.

  14. Report of the USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Modeling Workshop, Pacific Marine Science Center, Santa Cruz, CA, March 22-23, 2005

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Sherwood, Christopher R.

    2006-01-01

    A U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) Modeling Workshop was held to discuss the general topic of coastal modeling, defined broadly to include circulation, waves, sediment transport, water quality, ecology, sediment diagenesis, morphology change, and coastal evolution, on scales ranging from seconds and a few centimeters (individual ripples) to centuries (coastal evolution) and thousands of kilometers (tsunami propagation). The workshop was convened at the suggestion of CMG Program Management to improve communication among modelers and model users, assess modeling-related activities being conducted at the three centers (Florida Integrated Science Center, FISC; Pacific Marine Science Center; PMSC; and Woods Hole Science Center; WHSC), and develop goals, strategies, and plans for future modeling activities. The workshop represents a step toward developing a five-year strategic plan, and was timed to provide input for the FY06 prospectus. The workshop was held at the USGS Pacific Marine Science Center in Santa Cruz on March 22-23, 2005.

  15. Animal transportation networks.

    PubMed

    Perna, Andrea; Latty, Tanya

    2014-11-01

    Many group-living animals construct transportation networks of trails, galleries and burrows by modifying the environment to facilitate faster, safer or more efficient movement. Animal transportation networks can have direct influences on the fitness of individuals, whereas the shape and structure of transportation networks can influence community dynamics by facilitating contacts between different individuals and species. In this review, we discuss three key areas in the study of animal transportation networks: the topological properties of networks, network morphogenesis and growth, and the behaviour of network users. We present a brief primer on elements of network theory, and then discuss the different ways in which animal groups deal with the fundamental trade-off between the competing network properties of travel efficiency, robustness and infrastructure cost. We consider how the behaviour of network users can impact network efficiency, and call for studies that integrate both network topology and user behaviour. We finish with a prospectus for future research.

  16. 10 years of aeolian geomorphology at the EGU: past achievements and future challenges

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baas, Andreas C. W.; Wiggs, Giles F. S.; Claudin, Philippe

    2016-04-01

    On this tenth anniversary of the Aeolian Processes & Landforms session at the EGU the original conveners review and reflect on the recent achievements and expansion in aeolian geomorphological research, focussing on advances in our understanding of sand transport processes, dune development and dynamics, and the mechanisms and scalings involved. This talk will highlight the variety and impact of the dramatic increase in the extent and interest of research on aeolian processes and landforms in the last ten years, including the increasingly strong community presence at international meetings, the diversity and extent of collaborations across subject boundaries, and the application of new measurement technologies and mathematical approaches. We conclude with a forward-looking prospectus of exciting future challenges and open research questions.

  17. Evolutionary rescue beyond the models

    PubMed Central

    Gomulkiewicz, Richard; Shaw, Ruth G.

    2013-01-01

    Laboratory model systems and mathematical models have shed considerable light on the fundamental properties and processes of evolutionary rescue. But it remains to determine the extent to which these model-based findings can help biologists predict when evolution will fail or succeed in rescuing natural populations that are facing novel conditions that threaten their persistence. In this article, we present a prospectus for transferring our basic understanding of evolutionary rescue to wild and other non-laboratory populations. Current experimental and theoretical results emphasize how the interplay between inheritance processes and absolute fitness in changed environments drive population dynamics and determine prospects of extinction. We discuss the challenge of inferring these elements of the evolutionary rescue process in field and natural settings. Addressing this challenge will contribute to a more comprehensive understanding of population persistence that combines processes of evolutionary rescue with developmental and ecological mechanisms. PMID:23209173

  18. Animal transportation networks

    PubMed Central

    Perna, Andrea; Latty, Tanya

    2014-01-01

    Many group-living animals construct transportation networks of trails, galleries and burrows by modifying the environment to facilitate faster, safer or more efficient movement. Animal transportation networks can have direct influences on the fitness of individuals, whereas the shape and structure of transportation networks can influence community dynamics by facilitating contacts between different individuals and species. In this review, we discuss three key areas in the study of animal transportation networks: the topological properties of networks, network morphogenesis and growth, and the behaviour of network users. We present a brief primer on elements of network theory, and then discuss the different ways in which animal groups deal with the fundamental trade-off between the competing network properties of travel efficiency, robustness and infrastructure cost. We consider how the behaviour of network users can impact network efficiency, and call for studies that integrate both network topology and user behaviour. We finish with a prospectus for future research. PMID:25165598

  19. Acetylcholinesterase inhibition by biofumigant (Coumaran) from leaves of Lantana camara in stored grain and household insect pests.

    PubMed

    Rajashekar, Yallappa; Raghavendra, Anjanappa; Bakthavatsalam, Nandagopal

    2014-01-01

    Recent studies proved that the biofumigants could be an alternative to chemical fumigants against stored grain insect pests. For this reason, it is necessary to understand the mode of action of biofumigants. In the present study the prospectus of utilising Lantana camara as a potent fumigant insecticide is being discussed. Inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) by Coumaran, an active ingredient extracted from the plant L. camara, was studied. The biofumigant was used as an enzyme inhibitor and acetylthiocholine iodide as a substrate along with Ellman's reagent to carry out the reactions. The in vivo inhibition was observed in both dose dependent and time dependent in case of housefly, and the nervous tissue (ganglion) and the whole insect homogenate of stored grain insect exposed to Coumaran. The possible mode of action of Coumaran as an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor is discussed.

  20. Transcriptional targeting of tumor endothelial cells for gene therapy

    PubMed Central

    Dong, Zhihong; Nör, Jacques E.

    2009-01-01

    It is well known that angiogenesis plays a critical role in the pathobiology of tumors. Recent clinical trials have shown that inhibition of angiogenesis can be an effective therapeutic strategy for patients with cancer. However, one of the outstanding issues in anti-angiogenic treatment for cancer is the development of toxicities related to off-target effects of drugs. Transcriptional targeting of tumor endothelial cells involves the use of specific promoters for selective expression of therapeutic genes in the endothelial cells lining the blood vessels of tumors. Recently, several genes that are expressed specifically in tumor-associated endothelial cells have been identified and characterized. These discoveries have enhanced the prospectus of transcriptionaly targeting tumor endothelial cells for cancer gene therapy. In this manuscript, we review the promoters, vectors, and therapeutic genes that have been used for transcriptional targeting of tumor endothelial cells, and discuss the prospects of such approaches for cancer gene therapy. PMID:19393703

  1. Electrochemically-modulated liquid chromatography (EMLC): Column design, retention processes, and applications

    SciTech Connect

    Ting, E.Y.

    1997-10-08

    This work describes the continued development of a new separation technique, electrochemically-modulated liquid chromatography (EMLC), from column design, retention mechanisms to pharmaceutical applications. The introduction section provides a literature review of the technique as well as a brief overview of the research in each of the chapters. This section is followed by four chapters which investigate the issues of EMLC column design, the retention mechanism of monosubstituted aromatic compounds, and the EMLC-based applications to two important classes of pharmaceutical compounds (i.e., corticosteroids and benzodiazepines). These four sections have been removed to process separately for inclusion on the database. The dissertation concludes with a general summary, a prospectus, and a list of references cited in the General Introduction. 32 refs.

  2. Health and environmental research. Summary of accomplishments

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-04-01

    This is a short account of a 40-year-old health and environmental research program performed in national laboratories, universities, and research institutes. Under the sponsorship of the federal agencies that were consecutively responsible for the national energy mission, this research program has contributed to the understanding of the human health and environmental effects of emergining energy technologies. In so doing, it has also evolved several nuclear techniques for the diagnosis and treatment of human ills. The form of this presentation is through examples of significant, tangible accomplishments in each of these areas at certain times to illustrate the role and impact of the research program. The narrative of this research program concludes with a perspective of its past and a prospectus on its future.

  3. What are "ecogenomic sensors?" A review and thoughts for the future

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Scholin, C. A.

    2010-01-01

    The OceanSensors08 workshop held 31 March-4 April 2008 in Warnemünde, Germany, brought together an international group of marine scientists, sensor developers and technologists with a common interest in shaping the future of ocean sensing. In preparation for that meeting a series of review papers was commissioned, one of which was meant to cover Sensors for Ocean-omics. The "ocean-omics" topic was cast very broadly. The notion was to review use of genetic techniques for assessing presence and diversity of organisms, their genomic capacity and gene expression, and to provide a prospectus of how such methods could be applied in an autonomous capacity. I chose "ecogenomic sensor" as a descriptor to convey the essence of such a system - a device that integrates genetic level sensing with larger scale environmental characterization. This phrase is derived from workshops refining the US's Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI) and visions for instrument systems that could be deployed on such a network. But what exactly are ecogenomic sensors? A clear definition is lacking and conceptualizations far outweigh actual hardware that can be deployed in the ocean. This prospectus builds from that point. I advance a definition of "ecogenomic sensor" and outline the opportunities and challenges associated with developing such instruments. Suggestions as to how this technology may be further refined and applied are offered against the backdrop of the Autonomous Microbial Genosensor (AMG) and Environmental Sample Processor (ESP). Applications that center on detection of DNA and RNA are emphasized. The word "review" appears in the title at the request of the editors.

  4. Adaptation of autumn-sown faba bean germplasm to southeastern Washington

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Information regarding the suitability of autumn-sown faba bean (Vicia faba L.) in southeastern Washington is lacking. Therefore, a variety trial testing the effects of two sowing dates was conducted for two seasons (2011-12 and 2012-13) at three locations, Central Ferry Research Farm (CF), Pomeroy, ...

  5. Opinions and Self-Evaluation of the Students of Geography Department about the Applications of Cooperative Learning in Regional Geography Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aydin, Fatih

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the opinions and self-evaluation of the students of Geography Department about the applications of Cooperative Learning in Regional Geography course. The study was carried out for twelve weeks with 76 students who are in the Department of Geography, Faculty of Arts, Karabuk University between 2011-12. In this…

  6. [Is Freud the author of the "aphasia" article in Villaret's Handwörterbuch der Gesamten Medizin (1888)? A reply to Anneliese Menninger].

    PubMed

    Scherrer, Ferdinand

    2016-01-01

    In 2011/12 Menninger rejected my proposition that Freud could not have composed the "aphasia" article in Villaret's medical dictionary. In this reply I argue in favour of my initial view that Freud is not the author of the article that has been attributed to him for over 60 years. PMID:27281986

  7. 76 FR 17442 - Wildlife and Hunting Heritage Conservation Council Teleconference

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-29

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Wildlife and Hunting Heritage Conservation Council Teleconference AGENCY... Conservation Council (Council). DATES: We will hold the teleconference on Tuesday, April 12, 2011, 12 p.m. to 3... February 2010, the Council provides advice about wildlife and habitat conservation endeavors that:...

  8. 76 FR 70155 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Amended Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-10

    ... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Amended... Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel, November 15, 2011, 12 p.m. to November 15, 2011, 5 p.m., National... in the Federal Register on November 1, 2011, 76 FR 67467. The meeting date and time have been...

  9. Developing a Growth Mindset among High School Students. Practitioner Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center on Scaling Up Effective Schools, 2014

    2014-01-01

    The National Center on Scaling Up Effective Schools (NCSU) spent the 2011-12 school year conducting intensive case studies of four Fort Worth, Texas, high schools to understand what differentiates higher-performing from lower-performing schools. It was found that high schools can address gaps in student achievement, especially with traditionally…

  10. 76 FR 54675 - Migratory Bird Hunting; Migratory Bird Hunting Regulations on Certain Federal Indian Reservations...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-01

    ... Register (76 FR 48694), we proposed special migratory bird hunting regulations for the 2011-12 hunting... (50 FR 23467). The guidelines respond to tribal requests for Service recognition of their reserved... the April 8, 2011, Federal Register (76 FR 19876), we requested that tribes desiring special...

  11. High School Completion Longitudinal Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Education, 2009

    2009-01-01

    While Alberta enjoys proven high, world-class results in student achievement, raising high school completion rates is one of the top priorities in improving the provincial education system. The 2011-12 targeted high school completion rate is 82% five years after entering Grade 10--a 2.5% increase from the current average rate of 79.5%. The purpose…

  12. Colorado Children's Budget 2011

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colorado Children's Campaign, 2011

    2011-01-01

    "Colorado Children's Budget 2011" tallies up Colorado's public investments during FY 2007-08 through FY 2011-12 for programs and services that enhance the well-being of children across four domains--Early Childhood, K-12 Education, Health, and Other Supports. It is intended to be a resource guide for policymakers and advocates who are interested…

  13. A comparison of food patterns equivalents intakes by Americans: What We Eat in America, NHANES 2003-2004 and 2011-2012

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This report highlights the changes in the dietary intakes of selected USDA Food Patterns groups, including added sugars and solid fats, for the U.S. population from What We Eat in America, NHANES 2003-2004 and 2011-12. Study sample included 8,272 and 7,932 individuals, ages 2 years and over (exclud...

  14. Lessons Learned

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strunk, Katharine O.; Weinstein, Tracey; Makkonen, Reino; Furedi, Drew

    2012-01-01

    The authors of this article are engaged in an ongoing pilot implementation and study of the Los Angeles Unified School District's (LAUSD) Educator Growth and Development Cycle, known as EGDC. LAUSD implemented the EGDC pilot in the 2011-12 school year, focusing on a small subset of volunteering school administrators and teachers. The district's…

  15. 77 FR 1766 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-11

    ... (October 6, 2010), 75 FR 63233 (October 14, 2010) (SR-NYSEArca-2010-87) (the ``Adopting Release''). The...., Securities Exchange Act Release No. 64544 (May 25, 2011), 76 FR 31668 (June 1, 2011) (SR-NYSEArca-2011-12... Proposed Rule Change Amending the NYSE Arca Equities Fee Schedule Changing the Monthly Fees for the Use...

  16. The Market for School Choice in Indiana. AEI Education Policy Working Paper 2012-1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McShane, Michael Q.

    2012-01-01

    The Indiana Choice Scholarship Program has the potential to be the largest school voucher program in the country. Though the authorizing legislation capped enrollment in the program at 7,500 for its first year (the 2011-12 school year), that cap was increased to 15,000 for this year, and will be removed for all subsequent years. With careful…

  17. 76 FR 5184 - National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering; Amended Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-28

    ... published in the Federal Register on January 5, 2011, 76 FR 572. This Federal Register Notice has been... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering... Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering Special Emphasis Panel, March 14, 2011, 6 p.m. to March 16, 2011, 12...

  18. 78 FR 72633 - Chlorinated Isocyanurates From Spain: Final Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-03

    ... Administrative Review; 2011-12, 78 FR 41367 (July 10, 2013) (``Preliminary Results'') \\2\\ Ercros formerly... Countervailing Duty Proceedings: Assessment of Antidumping Duties, 68 FR 23954 (May 6, 2003) (Assessment Policy... Sales at Less Than Fair Value, 70 FR 24506 (May 10, 2005). Notification to Importers This notice...

  19. Evaluation Pilot Advisory Committee (EPAC): Final Report, 2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New Jersey Department of Education, 2013

    2013-01-01

    This report represents the work of New Jersey's Evaluation Pilot Advisory Committee (EPAC) from 2011-2013. The EPAC Interim Report, published in February 2013, summarized the establishment of the EPAC, key lessons learned from the 2011-12 teacher evaluation pilot, and recommendations for statewide roll-out of a more effective educator evaluation…

  20. 76 FR 11762 - Schedules for Atlantic Shark Identification Workshops and Protected Species Safe Handling...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-03

    ... each business listed under the shark dealer permit which first receives Atlantic sharks (71 FR 58057... permit (71 FR 58057; October 2, 2006). These certificate(s) are valid for 3 years. As such, vessel owners... Orange, FL 32127. 3. May 5, 2011, 12 p.m.-4 p.m., Comfort Inn, 4 Fisher Street, Foxborough, MA 02035....

  1. Disproportionality in School Discipline: An Assessment of Trends in Maryland, 2009-12. Stated Briefly. REL 2014-033

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Conner, Rosemarie; Porowski, Allan; Passa, Aikaterini

    2014-01-01

    This study of Maryland State Department of Education data on K-12 public school students in Maryland for 2009/10, 2010/11, and 2011/12 examines whether exclusionary discipline (suspension and expulsion) is given out in a way that has a disproportionate impact on Black and other racial/ethnic minority students relative to White students, and on…

  2. 76 FR 62455 - Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel; Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-07

    ... SPACE ADMINISTRATION Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel; Meeting AGENCY: National Aeronautics and Space... meeting of the Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel. DATES: Friday, October 21, 2011, 12:30 to 2 p.m. Central.... FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Susan Burch, Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel...

  3. 76 FR 70120 - Notice of Submission for OMB Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-10

    ... on those who are to respond, including through the use of appropriate automated, electronic...: Revision. Title of Collection: 2011-12 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS:12) Full Scale Student Data Collection. OMB Control Number: 1850-0666. Agency Form Number(s): N/A. Frequency of...

  4. 76 FR 80356 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-23

    ..., Inc. Description: New York Independent System Operator, Inc. submits tariff filing per 35: NYISO... submits tariff filing per 35: 2011-12-14 CAISO's Credit Reform Compliance Filing to be effective 4/30/2012... filing per 35: Amendment to MBR Baseline to be effective 9/22/2011. Filed Date: 12/14/11....

  5. 78 FR 25118 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-29

    ... Exchange Act Release Nos. 65735 (November 10, 2011), 76 FR 71405 (SR-NYSEAmex-2011-86) (``NYSE Amex Notice'') and 65736 (November 10, 2011), 76 FR 71399 (SR-NYSE-2011-56) (``NYSE Notice''). \\11\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 66036, 76 FR 82011 (December 29, 2011). \\12\\ See Securities Exchange Act...

  6. 78 FR 25102 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE MKT LLC; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To Amend...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-29

    .... 65735 (November 10, 2011), 76 FR 71405 (SR-NYSEAmex-2011-86) (``NYSE Amex Notice'') and 65736 (November 10, 2011), 76 FR 71399 (SR-NYSE-2011-56) (``NYSE Notice''). \\11\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 66036, 76 FR 82011 (December 29, 2011). \\12\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 66397, 77...

  7. The Relationship between Schools' Costs per Pupil and Nevada School Performance Framework Index Scores in Clark County School District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rice, John; Huang, Min

    2015-01-01

    Clark County School District (CCSD) asked the Western Regional Education Laboratory (REL West) to examine the relationship between spending per pupil and Nevada School Performance Framework (NSPF) index scores in the district's schools. Data were examined from three school years (2011/12, 2012/13, 2013/14) and for three types of schools…

  8. 77 FR 12748 - Tart Cherries Grown in the States of Michigan, et al.; Final Free and Restricted Percentages for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-02

    ... Michigan, et al.; Final Free and Restricted Percentages for the 2011-12 Crop Year for Tart Cherries AGENCY... tart cherries grown in the states of Michigan, New York, Pennsylvania, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wisconsin (order). The order is administered locally by the Cherry Industry Administrative Board...

  9. Principals' Time, Tasks, and Professional Development: An Analysis of Schools and Staffing Survey Data. REL 2017-201

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lavigne, Heather J.; Shakman, Karen; Zweig, Jacqueline; Greller, Sara L.

    2016-01-01

    This study describes how principals reported spending their time and what professional development they reported participating in, based on data collected through the Schools and Staffing Survey by the National Center for Education Statistics during the 2011/12 school year. The study analyzes schools by grade level, poverty level, and within…

  10. 76 FR 53295 - Unexpected Urgent Refugee and Migration Needs Related to the Horn of Africa

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-25

    ... Federal Register. (Presidential Sig.) THE WHITE HOUSE, Washington, August 8, 2011 [FR Doc. 2011-21958... Urgent Refugee and Migration Needs Related to the Horn of Africa Presidential Determination No. 2011-13... Determination No. 2011-12 of August 8, 2011 Unexpected Urgent Refugee and Migration Needs Related to the Horn...

  11. [Is Freud the author of the "aphasia" article in Villaret's Handwörterbuch der Gesamten Medizin (1888)? A reply to Anneliese Menninger].

    PubMed

    Scherrer, Ferdinand

    2016-01-01

    In 2011/12 Menninger rejected my proposition that Freud could not have composed the "aphasia" article in Villaret's medical dictionary. In this reply I argue in favour of my initial view that Freud is not the author of the article that has been attributed to him for over 60 years.

  12. Philadelphia's Renaissance Schools: Start up and Early Implementation. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Research for Action, 2011

    2011-01-01

    In April 2009, Superintendent Arlene Ackerman announced her reform plan for the School District of Philadelphia (the District)--"Imagine 2014". Among other major initiatives, "Imagine 2014" laid the groundwork for Philadelphia's Renaissance Schools Initiative. The Renaissance Initiative, set to enter its second year in 2011-12, is an effort to…

  13. Philadelphia's Renaissance Schools: A Report on Start up and Early Implementation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gold, Eva; Good, Deborah; Robertson-Kraft, Claire; Callahan, M. Kate

    2011-01-01

    In April 2009, Superintendent Arlene Ackerman announced her reform plan for the School District of Philadelphia (the District)--"Imagine 2014". Among other major initiatives, "Imagine 2014" laid the groundwork for Philadelphia's Renaissance Schools Initiative. The Renaissance Initiative, set to enter its second year in 2011-12, is an effort to…

  14. Can you boost your metabolism?

    MedlinePlus

    ... motivation to eat, energy intake or food choice? Sports Med . 2011;41(6):507-521. PMID: 21615191 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21615191 . Jeukendrup AE, Randell R. Fat burners: nutrition supplements that increase fat metabolism. Obes Rev . 2011;12( ...

  15. "Reading to Write" in East Asian Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freedman, Leora

    2013-01-01

    A reading-writing initiative began in 2011-12 at the University of Toronto as a partnership between an East Asian Studies (EAS) department and an English Language Learning (ELL) Program. In this institution, students are expected to enter into scholarly discussions in their first year essays, yet many (both native English speakers and non-native…

  16. 76 FR 58472 - North Pacific Fishery Management Council; Public Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-21

    ... Council's (Council) Pacific Northwest Crab Industry Advisory Committee. SUMMARY: The Pacific Northwest Crab Industry Advisory Committee will meet October 13, 2011 at the Leif Erickson Hall in Ballard, WA... information on these ] fisheries topics: Review total allowable catch (TAC) limits for the 2011/12 crab...

  17. Teacher Job Satisfaction. Data Point. NCES 2016-131

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sparks, Dinah; Malkus, Nat

    2016-01-01

    This report uses teacher responses to the Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) public and private school teacher questionnaires from the 2003-04, 2007-08, and 2011-12 school years. SASS is a system of related questionnaires that provide descriptive data on the context of elementary and secondary education in the United States. The SASS system covers…

  18. 78 FR 34711 - Definition of “Predominantly Engaged in Activities That Are Financial in Nature or Incidental...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-10

    ... incidental thereto. \\9\\ 76 FR 7731 (February 11, 2011). \\10\\ Under section 113 of the Act, the Financial... thereto for purposes of Title II. \\11\\ 76 FR 16324 (March 23, 2011). These criteria were set forth in... Federal Register on July 15, 2011.\\12\\ \\12\\ 76 FR 41626 (July 15, 2011). On April 10, 2012, the Board...

  19. Expanded Schools: Developing Mindsets to Support Academic Success. Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ExpandED Schools, 2014

    2014-01-01

    The national demonstration of ExpandED Schools, The After-School Corporation's (TASC) expanded learning model, was launched in 2011-12 in New York City, Baltimore, and New Orleans. The ExpandED Schools demonstration is being evaluated by Policy Studies Associates (PSA) and is rolling out at a time when there is heightened awareness among…

  20. The Utility of Teacher and Student Surveys in Principal Evaluations: An Empirical Investigation. REL 2015-047

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Keke; Stuit, David; Springer, Jeff; Lindsay, Jim; Wan, Yinmei

    2014-01-01

    This study examined whether adding student and teacher survey measures to existing principal evaluation measures increases the overall power of the principal evaluation model to explain variation in student achievement across schools. The study was conducted using data from 2011-12 on 39 elementary and secondary schools within a midsize urban…

  1. Elements of Success: WorkReady Philadelphia Program Year 2011-2012 Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Philadelphia Youth Network, 2012

    2012-01-01

    What does it take to deliver WorkReady Philadelphia's high-quality career-connected programming? In short, it's all about the "elements"--those essential components of the system that combine to produce success for young people. This 2011-12 WorkReady report reinforces this theme by using visual aspects of the "Periodic Table of Elements", which…

  2. Literacy, Numeracy, and Problem Solving in Technology-Rich Environments among U.S. Adults: Results from the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies 2012. First Look. NCES 2014-008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Madeline; Finnegan, Robert; Mohadjer, Leyla; Krenzke, Tom; Hogan, Jacquie

    2013-01-01

    The Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) is a cyclical, large scale study of adult skills and life experience focusing on education and employment that was developed and organized by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). In the United States, the study was conducted in 2011-12 with a…

  3. The District-Wide Effectiveness of the Achieve3000 Program: A Quasi-Experimental Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borman, Geoffrey D.; Park, So Jung; Min, Sookweon

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of Achieve3000, a differentiated online literacy curriculum, on students' scores on the California State Test (CST). In the 2011-12 school year, 1,957 students in Chula Vista began using Achieve3000's solutions in 3rd through 8th grade. Using a form of propensity score matching called Inverse…

  4. Undergraduates Who Do Not Apply for Financial Aid. Data Point. NCES 2016-406

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ifill, Nicole

    2016-01-01

    This report is based on data from the 2011-12 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS:12), a large, nationally representative sample survey of students that focuses on how they finance their education. NPSAS includes data on the application for and receipt of financial aid, including grants, loans, assistantships, scholarships,…

  5. Imagication = Imagination + Education: What Fifth Graders Think of Arts Integration in Public Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edsall Giglio, Lisa

    2012-01-01

    During the 2011-12 school year, a fifth grade class in a diverse San Francisco public elementary school collaborated with the Arts Resources In Action (ARIA) program of the San Francisco Opera's Education Department to create a teacher-guided opera. The students wrote the story, music and lyrics as well as designed and built the sets, props…

  6. 76 FR 31800 - Airworthiness Directives; Viking Air Limited Model DHC-3 (Otter) Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-02

    ... Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), (3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska...-018-AD; Amendment 39-16709; AD 2011-12-02] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Viking Air Limited...@faa.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Discussion Recent analysis by the FAA on the Viking Air...

  7. Parent and Family Involvement in Education, from the National Household Education Surveys Program of 2012. First Look. NCES 2013-028

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noel, Amber; Stark, Patrick; Redford, Jeremy

    2013-01-01

    This report presents data on students in the United States attending kindergarten through grade 12. The main focus of the report is on parent and family involvement in the students' education during the 2011-12 school year as reported by the students' parents. It also includes the percentage of students who participated in family activities, as…

  8. Charter Schools, Civil Rights and School Discipline: A Comprehensive Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Losen, Daniel J.; Keith, Michael A., II; Hodson, Cheri L.; Martinez, Tia E.

    2016-01-01

    This report, along with the companion spreadsheet, provides the first comprehensive description ever compiled of charter school discipline. In 2011-12, every one of the nation's 95,000 public schools was required to report its school discipline data, including charter schools. This analysis, which includes more than 5,250 charter schools, focuses…

  9. 78 FR 7752 - Trade Mission to Egypt and Kuwait

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-04

    ... Trade Mission to Egypt and Kuwait March 10-14, 2013, published at 77 FR 71777, December 4, 2012, to... FR 33439, June 6, 2012. In 77 FR 71777, December 4, 2012, the Department of Commerce announced that... to Business Monitor International's forecasts, Egypt's real GDP is expanding 2.1% in FY2011/12...

  10. Response of blackberry cultivars to fertilizer source in an organic fresh market production system

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    One semi-erect (‘Triple Crown’) and three trailing (‘Marion’, ‘Black Diamond’, and ‘Obsidian’) blackberry cultivars were studied from 2011-12 at a certified organic, grower site in Jefferson, OR. Plants were fertilized with 56 kg/ha N each spring using: 1) a liquid fish and molasses blend; 2) pellet...

  11. 76 FR 60933 - Advisory Committee for Engineering; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-30

    ... Advisory Committee for Engineering; Notice of Meeting In accordance with Federal Advisory Committee Act...: Engineering Advisory Committee Meeting, 1170. Date/Time: October 26, 2011: 12 p.m. to 6 p.m., October 27, 2011..., recommendations and counsel on major goals and policies pertaining to engineering programs and activities....

  12. 76 FR 17159 - Advisory Committee for Engineering; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-28

    ... Advisory Committee for Engineering; Notice of Meeting In accordance with the Federal Advisory Committee Act...: Advisory Committee for Engineering Meeting, 1170. Date/Time: April 13, 2011: 12 p.m. to 6 p.m., April 14..., recommendations and counsel on major goals and policies pertaining to engineering programs and activities....

  13. 76 FR 47424 - Airworthiness Directives; Dassault Aviation Model FALCON 7X Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-05

    ...) heating system (identified as MMEL item 30-1) ACMU3 and ACMU4 (identified as MMEL item 27-3) LH REAR POWER.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Discussion On June 16, 2011, we issued AD 2011-12-51, Amendment 39-16735 (76 FR 37251... 12866; 2. Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR...

  14. 76 FR 36096 - Notice of Submission for OMB Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-21

    ... student enrollment lists and institution record data for the full-scale NPSAS:12. A separate request for... Review: Revision. Title of Collection: 2011-12 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS:12) Full... Responses: 4,665. Total Estimated Annual Burden Hours: 4,128. Abstract: National Postsecondary Student...

  15. 76 FR 4096 - Notice of Submission for OMB Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-24

    ... institutions. This submission requests approval for conducting student interviews, collecting student records... written comments received in response to this notice will be considered public records. SUPPLEMENTARY...: Revision. Title of Collection: 2011-12 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS:12) Field...

  16. Control of wilt disease of lentil through bio control agents and organic amendments in Tarai region of Uttarakhand, India.

    PubMed

    Garkoti, Ankita; Kumar, Vijay; Tripathi, H S

    2014-11-01

    The present work aimed at evaluating the efficacy of bioagents and organic amendments against lentil wilt pathogen. Field trials were carried out consecutively during Rabi 2010-11 and 2011-12 crop seasons in Randomized Block Design (RBD) with three replications, using 'Pant L-639' a popular cultivar. The plot size was 3.0 x 1.5 m2 with row spacing of 30 cm. Effect of selected bioagents and organic amendments on disease incidence, 1000 grain weight and yield kg ha' of lentil was recorded. It was observed that seed treatment with Trichoderma harizanum + Pseudomonas fluorescens significant by reduced 1.73% (2010-11) and 1.93% (2011-12) in Fusarium wilt disease incidence and increase in grain yield 507.6 kg ha(-1) and 496.0 kg ha(-1) respectively during both crop seasons. Among organic amendments, minimum wilt disease incidence of 1.69% (2010-11) and 1.81% (2011-12) and maximum grain yield 496.3 kg ha(-1) (2010-11) and 484.0 kg ha(-1) (2011-12) were observed in farm yard manure + spent compost treated plots. This indicates that these treatments have important roles in biologically based management strategies for controling Fusarium wilt disease under organic mode of lentil cultivation in Uttarakhand State.

  17. English Learners (ELs) and Charter Schools. Fast Facts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of English Language Acquisition, US Department of Education, 2015

    2015-01-01

    The Office of English Language Acquisition (OELA) has synthesized key data on English learners (ELs) into two-page PDF sheets, by topic, with graphics, plus key contacts. The topics for this report on English Learners (ELs) and charter schools include: (1) Number of Charter Schools, by State, Including DC: SY 2011-12; (2) Number of ELs in Charter…

  18. 76 FR 74048 - Notice of Submission for OMB Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-30

    ..., Information and Records Management Services, Office of Management. Institute of Education Sciences Type of... transparency of college tuition prices for consumers. The clearance should start with the 2011-12 collection... provisions for improved transparency in college tuition for consumers. In response to these provisions,...

  19. 75 FR 79388 - Service Regulations Committee Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-20

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Service Regulations Committee Meeting AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service... 2011-12 migratory bird hunting regulations. DATES: The meeting will be held February 2, 2011. ADDRESSES: The Service Regulations Committee will meet at the Embassy Suites Hotel, Denver--International...

  20. 3 CFR - Unexpected Urgent Refugee and Migration Needs Related to the Horn of Africa

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 3 The President 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Unexpected Urgent Refugee and Migration Needs... Determination No. 2011-12 of August 8, 2011 Unexpected Urgent Refugee and Migration Needs Related to the Horn of... Constitution and the laws of the United States, including section 2(c)(1) of the Migration and...

  1. Suspension and Expulsion Patterns in Six Oregon School Districts. REL 2014-028

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Arthur; Nishioka, Vicki

    2014-01-01

    This Regional Educational Laboratory (REL) Northwest study identifies how frequently students in six selected urban districts received exclusionary discipline during the 2011/12 school year, the most common reasons for such discipline, the percentage of students receiving multiple suspensions, and how many school days students lost to suspensions.…

  2. Suspension and Expulsion Patterns in Six Oregon School Districts. Summary. REL 2014-028

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Arthur; Nishioka, Vicki

    2014-01-01

    This summary document presents findings from a Regional Educational Laboratory (REL) Northwest study that identifies how frequently students in six selected urban districts received exclusionary discipline during the 2011/12 school year, the most common reasons for such discipline, the percentage of students receiving multiple suspensions, and how…

  3. Suspension, Expulsion, and Achievement of English Learner Students in Six Oregon Districts. REL 2015-094

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Arthur

    2015-01-01

    This study examines the rates of exclusionary discipline (i.e., suspensions and expulsions) among English learners and non-English learners in six diverse Oregon districts that serve a third of the state's English learner students. Using 2011/12 databases from the Oregon Department of Education, the study found that differences in suspension and…

  4. Commission Position on the State Budget Ballot Measure Proposed for June 2011. Report 11-05

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woolfork, Kevin

    2011-01-01

    This report summarizes actions proposed by Governor Brown to close the projected $25 billion budget deficit for the 2011-12 fiscal year. The report includes a resolution adopted by the Commission supporting the Governor's proposed ballot initiative to extend temporary tax rate increases adopted in 2009 that are set to expire at the end of the…

  5. Impact of the Bologna Process and German Higher Education Reforms on Professorial Work and Role Definition at the University of Potsdam: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hairston, Christen Cullum

    2013-01-01

    The Bologna Process and German higher education reforms over the past decade have created significant waves of change at German universities. This case study focuses on the enduring impact of both the Bologna Process and German higher education reforms on how professors experience their work and define their roles during the winter term 2011-12 at…

  6. "Europe" as an Alibi: An Overview of Twenty Years of Policy, Curricula and Textbooks in the Republic of Cyprus--and Their Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Philippou, Stavroula

    2012-01-01

    This article compares discourses on "Europe" in Greek-Cypriot policy, curricula and textbooks over approximately the last twenty years, from the early 1990s, when Cyprus applied for European Union (EU) membership, until 2011-12, the school year during which the recently revised curricula were gradually introduced to schools for implementation.…

  7. 76 FR 66103 - In the Matter of NASDAQ OMX BX, Inc.: Order Denying NASDAQ OMX BX, Inc.'s Petition for Review of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-25

    ... Securities Exchange Act Release No. 65330 (September 13, 2011), 76 FR 58065 (September 19, 2011...)(12). \\9\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 64981 (July 28, 2011), 76 FR 46858 (August 3, 2011... Stevens, Legal Counsel, IMC Financial Markets (``IMC''), dated August 15, 2011 (``IMC Letter''); Michael...

  8. Successful Researcher-Practitioner RCT Partnership: Increasing Attendance by 15,000 Days

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rogers, Todd; Wolford, Tonya; Reitano, Adrienne; Feller, Avi; Subramanyam, Shruthi; Ternovski, John

    2016-01-01

    While the adjusted cohort graduation rate of students in the United States has reached 80 percent during the 2011-12 school year (Stetser & Stillwell, 2014), in the School District of Philadelphia (SDP) only 57% of its students graduate from high school in four years, which is typical of large urban school districts (Swanson, 2009). Moreover,…

  9. 76 FR 36508 - Migratory Bird Hunting; Supplemental Proposals for Migratory Game Bird Hunting Regulations for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-22

    ... (76 FR 19876) a proposal to amend 50 CFR part 20. The proposal provided a background and overview of..., proposed rule (76 FR 19876): National Environmental Policy Act; Endangered Species Act; Regulatory... for Migratory Game Bird Hunting Regulations for the 2011-12 Hunting Season; Notice of Meetings...

  10. Alabama Education Quick Facts: Plan 2020

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alabama Department of Education, 2013

    2013-01-01

    This brochure presents state statistics for the following categories; Alabama public schools, 2012-13; Alabama State Board of Education members; financial data, FY 2012; public school size and enrollment, 2012-13 school year; transportation, 2012-13; school meals, 2011-12; school personnel, 2012-13; graduation rates, 2010-11; graduation…

  11. County Maps of the English Learner (EL) Population. Fast Facts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of English Language Acquisition, US Department of Education, 2015

    2015-01-01

    The Office of English Language Acquisition (OELA) has synthesized key data on English learners (ELs) into two-page PDF sheets, by topic, with graphics, plus key contacts. The maps presented depict the EL population by county--changes in their numbers from SY 2000-01 to SY 2011-12, and the total number and percentage of all students identified as…

  12. The Effects of Upper-Secondary Education and Training Systems on Skills Inequality. A Quasi-Cohort Analysis Using PISA 2000 and the OECD Survey of Adult Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Andy; Pensiero, Nicola

    2016-01-01

    Research tells us much about the effects of primary and lower-secondary schooling on skills inequality, but we know less about the impact of the next stage of education. This article uses a differences-in-differences analysis of data on literacy and numeracy skills in PISA 2000 and SAS 2011/12 to assess the contribution of upper-secondary…

  13. "Sensational" ART

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osterer, Irv

    2013-01-01

    After reaching the Stanley Cup final in 2007 and many successful seasons, 2011-12 was a rebuilding year for the author's NHL team, the Ottawa Senators. It occurred to him that it might be possible to stage an interactive presentation at Scotia Bank Place with his students. His idea was for students to each hold a segment of a large artwork that…

  14. Languages Spoken by English Learners (ELs). Fast Facts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of English Language Acquisition, US Department of Education, 2015

    2015-01-01

    The Office of English Language Acquisition (OELA) has synthesized key data on English learners (ELs) into two-page PDF sheets, by topic, with graphics, plus key contacts. The topics for this report on English learners include: (1) Top 20 EL languages, as reported in states' top five lists: SY 2011-12; (2) States, including DC, with 80 percent or…

  15. Secondary Education Systems and the General Skills of Less- and Intermediate-Educated Adults: A Comparison of 18 Countries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heisig, Jan Paul; Solga, Heike

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the impact of external differentiation and vocational orientation of (lower and upper) secondary education on country variation in the mean numeracy skills of, and skills gaps between, adults with low and intermediate formal qualifications. We use data on 30- to 44-year-olds in 18 countries from the 2011-12 round of the Program for…

  16. And the Survey Says …

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Susan C.

    2013-01-01

    Enrollments in physics courses at two-year colleges About 176,000 students were enrolled in various physics courses on two-year college (TYC) campuses during the 2011-12 academic year. This represents a 60% increase in enrollments since the 1995-96 academic year. Enrollments in conceptual physics courses more than doubled during this period, going…

  17. Parent and Family Involvement in Education, from the National Household Education Surveys Program of 2012. First Look. NCES 2013-028.Rev

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noel, Amber; Stark, Patrick; Redford, Jeremy

    2015-01-01

    This report presents data on students in the United States attending kindergarten through grade 12. The main focus of the report is on parent and family involvement in the students' education during the 2011-12 school year as reported by the students' parents. It also includes the percentage of students who participated in selected family…

  18. 76 FR 50703 - Walnuts Grown in California; Increased Assessment Rate

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-16

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 984 Walnuts Grown in California; Increased Assessment Rate AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: This... 2011-12 and subsequent marketing years from $0.0174 to $0.0175 per kernelweight pound of...

  19. 76 FR 61249 - Oranges and Grapefruit Grown in Lower Rio Grande Valley in Texas; Increased Assessment Rate

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-04

    ... this action was published in the Federal Register on August 10, 2011 (76 FR 49381). Copies of the... increases the assessment rate established for the Texas Valley Citrus Committee (Committee) for the 2011-12... Agriculture requested the citrus industry's assistance in funding a Mexican fruit fly trapping program,...

  20. 76 FR 49381 - Oranges and Grapefruit Grown in Lower Rio Grande Valley in Texas; Increased Assessment Rate

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-10

    ... Valley Citrus Committee (Committee) for the 2011-12 and subsequent fiscal periods from $0.12 to $0.14 per...' budget, the Texas Department of Agriculture requested the citrus industry's assistance in funding a... annual receipts are less than $7,000,000. An updated Texas citrus industry profile shows that 6 of the...

  1. 78 FR 78701 - Airworthiness Directives; The Boeing Company Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-27

    ... Register on May 16, 2013 (78 FR 28764). The NPRM proposed to require, depending on airplane configuration... developing this AD. The following presents the comments received on the proposal (78 FR 28764, May 16, 2013... been issued for AD 2011-12-09, Amendment 39-16716 (76 FR 33988, June 10, 2011). The AMOC...

  2. 78 FR 28764 - Airworthiness Directives; The Boeing Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-16

    ... and Maintenance and Inspection Requirements'' (66 FR 23086, May 7, 2001). In addition to new... relay having part number (P/N) 9524G-10674 after AD 2011-12-09, Amendment 39- 16716 (76 FR 33988, June... 39-16716 (76 FR 33988, June 10, 2011), affect all airplanes of this proposed AD. This proposed...

  3. 78 FR 21715 - Sexual Assault Prevention and Response (SAPR) Program Procedures

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-11

    ... Coordinators (SARC), SAPR Victim Advocates (VA), and other responders will assist sexual assault victims... http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-12-16/pdf/X11-11216.pdf ; (30) DoDD 5400.11, ``DoD Privacy Program... 32 CFR part 103. (s) Healthcare personnel. Persons assisting or otherwise supporting...

  4. 76 FR 60817 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-30

    ... transparency of college tuition prices for consumers. The clearance should start with the 2011-12 collection... provisions for improved transparency in college tuition for consumers. In response to these provisions, the... about college costs at America's colleges and universities. The CATC also includes several lists...

  5. School-Located Influenza Vaccination Reduces Community Risk for Influenza and Influenza-Like Illness Emergency Care Visits

    PubMed Central

    Tran, Cuc H.; Sugimoto, Jonathan D.; Pulliam, Juliet R. C.; Ryan, Kathleen A.; Myers, Paul D.; Castleman, Joan B.; Doty, Randell; Johnson, Jackie; Stringfellow, Jim; Kovacevich, Nadia; Brew, Joe; Cheung, Lai Ling; Caron, Brad; Lipori, Gloria; Harle, Christopher A.; Alexander, Charles; Yang, Yang; Longini, Ira M.; Halloran, M. Elizabeth; Morris, J. Glenn; Small, Parker A.

    2014-01-01

    Background School-located influenza vaccination (SLIV) programs can substantially enhance the sub-optimal coverage achieved under existing delivery strategies. Randomized SLIV trials have shown these programs reduce laboratory-confirmed influenza among both vaccinated and unvaccinated children. This work explores the effectiveness of a SLIV program in reducing the community risk of influenza and influenza-like illness (ILI) associated emergency care visits. Methods For the 2011/12 and 2012/13 influenza seasons, we estimated age-group specific attack rates (AR) for ILI from routine surveillance and census data. Age-group specific SLIV program effectiveness was estimated as one minus the AR ratio for Alachua County versus two comparison regions: the 12 county region surrounding Alachua County, and all non-Alachua counties in Florida. Results Vaccination of ∼50% of 5–17 year-olds in Alachua reduced their risk of ILI-associated visits, compared to the rest of Florida, by 79% (95% confidence interval: 70, 85) in 2011/12 and 71% (63, 77) in 2012/13. The greatest indirect effectiveness was observed among 0–4 year-olds, reducing AR by 89% (84, 93) in 2011/12 and 84% (79, 88) in 2012/13. Among all non-school age residents, the estimated indirect effectiveness was 60% (54, 65) and 36% (31, 41) for 2011/12 and 2012/13. The overall effectiveness among all age-groups was 65% (61, 70) and 46% (42, 50) for 2011/12 and 2012/13. Conclusion Wider implementation of SLIV programs can significantly reduce the influenza-associated public health burden in communities. PMID:25489850

  6. The current provision of community-based teaching in UK medical schools: an online survey and systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Sandra W W; Clement, Naomi; Tang, Natalie; Atiomo, William

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the current provision and outcome of community-based education (CBE) in UK medical schools. Design and data sources An online survey of UK medical school websites and course prospectuses and a systematic review of articles from PubMed and Web of Science were conducted. Articles in the systematic review were assessed using Rossi, Lipsey and Freeman's approach to programme evaluation. Study selection Publications from November 1998 to 2013 containing information related to community teaching in undergraduate medical courses were included. Results Out of the 32 undergraduate UK medical schools, one was excluded due to the lack of course specifications available online. Analysis of the remaining 31 medical schools showed that a variety of CBE models are utilised in medical schools across the UK. Twenty-eight medical schools (90.3%) provide CBE in some form by the end of the first year of undergraduate training, and 29 medical schools (93.5%) by the end of the second year. From the 1378 references identified, 29 papers met the inclusion criteria for assessment. It was found that CBE mostly provided advantages to students as well as other participants, including GP tutors and patients. However, there were a few concerns regarding the lack of GP tutors’ knowledge in specialty areas, the negative impact that CBE may have on the delivery of health service in education settings and the cost of CBE. Conclusions Despite the wide variations in implementation, community teaching was found to be mostly beneficial. To ensure the relevance of CBE for ‘Tomorrow's Doctors’, a national framework should be established, and solutions sought to reduce the impact of the challenges within CBE. Strengths and limitations of this study This is the first study to review how community-based education is currently provided throughout Medical Schools in the UK. The use of Rossi, Lipsey and Freeman's method of programme evaluation means that the literature was analysed

  7. Roster of Astronomy Departments with Enrollment and Degree Data, 2012: Results from the 2012 Survey of Enrollments and Degrees. Focus On

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nicholson, Starr; Mulvey, Patrick J.

    2013-01-01

    The U.S. has experienced a sharp increase in the number of bachelor astronomy degrees awarded in recent years with about twice as many degrees now being awarded than a decade ago. There were 385 astronomy bachelor's degrees awarded in the 2011-12 academic year. The number of astronomy PhDs awarded in recent years is up about 50% from a decade…

  8. Graduate Physics Degrees: Largest Departments and Degree Distribution. Focus On

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulvey, Patrick J.; Nicholson, Starr

    2014-01-01

    In the 2011-12 academic year there were 751 degree-granting physics departments in the U.S. Of these, 195 offered a PhD and 62 departments offered a master's as the highest physics degree. The remaining 494 departments offered a bachelor's as their highest physics degree. There were six universities that had two doctoral-granting physics…

  9. CryoSat-2 validation in East Antarctica: ASIRAS, ALS and in situ data analysis over Law Dome and Totten Glacier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Watson, C.; Burgette, R. J.; Helm, V.; Roberts, J. L.; Young, N. W.; Beardsley, J.; Tregoning, P.; Coleman, R.; Steinhage, D.; Fricker, H. A.; Young, D. A.; Blankenship, D. D.

    2012-12-01

    The joint TOT-Cal / CryoVExANT2011 project contributes to the validation of the CryoSat-2 altimetry mission through investigations of a key portion of the East Antarctic ice sheet near Australia's Casey Station. Spanning parts of Law Dome and the Totten Glacier, the study site includes a diverse range of along and across track surface slopes (ranging from 0° to over 2°), significant spatial variability in accumulation rate, as well as significant regions with known surface lowering (at rates greater than 1 m/yr). These characteristics combine to provide valuable validation targets for the CryoSat-2 mission. Two field campaigns at the study site have been completed during the 2010/11 and 2011/12 austral summer field seasons. In 2010/11, the primary in situ data collected included skidoo based kinematic GPS transects and airborne nadir pointing laser observations of the surface elevation (from ICECAP flights of Operation ICEBridge). In 2011/12, the AWI Polar-6 aircraft successfully completed aerial surveys across the region equipped with the scanning LiDAR and the ESA Airborne SAR / Interferometric Altimeter System (ASIRAS). These datasets combine with in-situ GPS observations (fixed stations and skidoo-based kinematic sampling), corner cube reflector placements and snow pit surveys. Together, these data provide a number of near contemporaneous observations of surface elevation and firn characteristics along CryoSat-2 ground tracks. Through repeated airborne observation, an insight into temporal changes over the most dynamic parts of the Totten Glacier where focused surface lowering and mass loss is known to be occurring can be achieved. In this contribution, we present early results investigating spatial variability present in the 2011/12 ASIRAS data, as well as temporal changes observed between successive acquisitions of airborne laser data (2010/11 and 2011/12). Comparison with CryoSat-2 SAR-In data is also presented.

  10. Evaluation of Response to Intervention Practices for Elementary School Reading. NCEE 2016-4000

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balu, Rekha; Zhu, Pei; Doolittle, Fred; Schiller, Ellen; Jenkins, Joseph; Gersten, Russell

    2015-01-01

    Response to Intervention (RtI) is a framework for collecting and using data to match students to interventions of varying intensity. This study examines the implementation of RtI in Grade 1-3 reading in 13 states during the 2011-12 school year, focusing on 146 schools that were experienced with RtI. Full implementation of the RtI framework in…

  11. Past, Present, and Possibilities for the Future of the Pell Grant Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mullin, Christopher M.

    2013-01-01

    An increase of over 100% in program expenditures for the Pell Grant program over a five year period of time, from $14.7 billion in the 2007-08 award year to $33.4 billion in the 2011-12 award year, places an otherwise popular program under scrutiny. This article considers the factors and options informing federal policy related to the Pell Grant…

  12. Teaching Vacancies and Difficult-to-Staff Teaching Positions in Public Schools. Stats in Brief. NCES 2015-065

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malkus, Nat; Hoyer, Kathleen Mulvaney; Sparks, Dinah

    2015-01-01

    This brief investigates teaching vacancies and difficult-to-staff teaching positions (i.e., positions for which the principals reported that it was very difficult to fill a vacancy or that they could not fill a vacancy in a specific subject area) in public schools in four school years (1999-2000, 2003-04, 2007-08, and 2011-12). This Statistics in…

  13. Clinical use and control of the dispensing of thalidomide in Brasilia-Federal District, Brazil, from 2001 to 2012.

    PubMed

    Paumgartten, Francisco José Roma; de Souza, Nair Ramos

    2013-11-01

    The use of thalidomide was never discontinued in Brazil where it is prescribed for leprosy type 2 reaction. Babies with birth defects compatible with the thalidomide embryopathy phenotype were born after 1965, an indication that control on drug dispensing and use failed in the country. The article reports data on thalidomide dispensing and clinical uses in the Federal District in 2011/12, when new rules were put into effect, and data on drug dispensing and use obtained ten years earlier. It was found that the number of patients making use of thalidomide declined from 819 in 2001 to 369 in 2011/12. Leprosy accounted for over 70% of prescriptions in both time periods analyzed in this study. In the same time interval, however, use for lupus erythematosus decreased from 13.7 to 4.9%, while that for multiple myeloma increased from 2.9 to 20.3% of all prescriptions. Thalidomide prescription for the remaining approved indications was far less frequent, and so was the use for off label indications that accounted for <1% of prescriptions in 2001 and 2011/12. Registration of prescribing doctors, patients and dispensing units at the state department of health, apparently rendered this control more effective and reliable.

  14. Human activities change marine ecosystems by altering predation risk.

    PubMed

    Madin, Elizabeth M P; Dill, Lawrence M; Ridlon, April D; Heithaus, Michael R; Warner, Robert R

    2016-01-01

    In ocean ecosystems, many of the changes in predation risk - both increases and decreases - are human-induced. These changes are occurring at scales ranging from global to local and across variable temporal scales. Indirect, risk-based effects of human activity are known to be important in structuring some terrestrial ecosystems, but these impacts have largely been neglected in oceans. Here, we synthesize existing literature and data to explore multiple lines of evidence that collectively suggest diverse human activities are changing marine ecosystems, including carbon storage capacity, in myriad ways by altering predation risk. We provide novel, compelling evidence that at least one key human activity, overfishing, can lead to distinct, cascading risk effects in natural ecosystems whose magnitude exceeds that of presumed lethal effects and may account for previously unexplained findings. We further discuss the conservation implications of human-caused indirect risk effects. Finally, we provide a predictive framework for when human alterations of risk in oceans should lead to cascading effects and outline a prospectus for future research. Given the speed and extent with which human activities are altering marine risk landscapes, it is crucial that conservation and management policy considers the indirect effects of these activities in order to increase the likelihood of success and avoid unfortunate surprises. PMID:26448058

  15. Resilience in social insect infrastructure systems.

    PubMed

    Middleton, Eliza J T; Latty, Tanya

    2016-03-01

    Both human and insect societies depend on complex and highly coordinated infrastructure systems, such as communication networks, supply chains and transportation networks. Like human-designed infrastructure systems, those of social insects are regularly subject to disruptions such as natural disasters, blockages or breaks in the transportation network, fluctuations in supply and/or demand, outbreaks of disease and loss of individuals. Unlike human-designed systems, there is no deliberate planning or centralized control system; rather, individual insects make simple decisions based on local information. How do these highly decentralized, leaderless systems deal with disruption? What factors make a social insect system resilient, and which factors lead to its collapse? In this review, we bring together literature on resilience in three key social insect infrastructure systems: transportation networks, supply chains and communication networks. We describe how systems differentially invest in three pathways to resilience: resistance, redirection or reconstruction. We suggest that investment in particular resistance pathways is related to the severity and frequency of disturbance. In the final section, we lay out a prospectus for future research. Human infrastructure networks are rapidly becoming decentralized and interconnected; indeed, more like social insect infrastructures. Human infrastructure management might therefore learn from social insect researchers, who can in turn make use of the mature analytical and simulation tools developed for the study of human infrastructure resilience. PMID:26962030

  16. New modalities of strain-control of ferroelectric thin films.

    PubMed

    Damodaran, Anoop R; Agar, Joshua C; Pandya, Shishir; Chen, Zuhuang; Dedon, Liv; Xu, Ruijuan; Apgar, Brent; Saremi, Sahar; Martin, Lane W

    2016-07-01

    Ferroelectrics, with their spontaneous switchable electric polarization and strong coupling between their electrical, mechanical, thermal, and optical responses, provide functionalities crucial for a diverse range of applications. Over the past decade, there has been significant progress in epitaxial strain engineering of oxide ferroelectric thin films to control and enhance the nature of ferroelectric order, alter ferroelectric susceptibilities, and to create new modes of response which can be harnessed for various applications. This review aims to cover some of the most important discoveries in strain engineering over the past decade and highlight some of the new and emerging approaches for strain control of ferroelectrics. We discuss how these new approaches to strain engineering provide promising routes to control and decouple ferroelectric susceptibilities and create new modes of response not possible in the confines of conventional strain engineering. To conclude, we will provide an overview and prospectus of these new and interesting modalities of strain engineering helping to accelerate their widespread development and implementation in future functional devices.

  17. Large field-induced-strain at high temperature in ternary ferroelectric crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Yaojin; Chen, Lijun; Yuan, Guoliang; Luo, Haosu; Li, Jiefang; Viehland, D.

    2016-10-01

    The new generation of ternary Pb(In1/2Nb1/2)O3-Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 ferroelectric single crystals have potential applications in high power devices due to their surperior operational stability relative to the binary system. In this work, a reversible, large electric field induced strain of over 0.9% at room temperature, and in particular over 0.6% above 380 K was obtained. The polarization rotation path and the phase transition sequence of different compositions in these ternary systems have been determined with increasing electric field applied along [001] direction based on x-ray diffraction data. Thereafter, composition dependence of field-temperature phase diagrams were constructed, which provide compositional and thermal prospectus for the electromechanical properties. It was found the structural origin of the large stain, especially at higher temperature is the lattice parameters modulated by dual independent variables in composition of these ternary solid solution crystals.

  18. Human activities change marine ecosystems by altering predation risk.

    PubMed

    Madin, Elizabeth M P; Dill, Lawrence M; Ridlon, April D; Heithaus, Michael R; Warner, Robert R

    2016-01-01

    In ocean ecosystems, many of the changes in predation risk - both increases and decreases - are human-induced. These changes are occurring at scales ranging from global to local and across variable temporal scales. Indirect, risk-based effects of human activity are known to be important in structuring some terrestrial ecosystems, but these impacts have largely been neglected in oceans. Here, we synthesize existing literature and data to explore multiple lines of evidence that collectively suggest diverse human activities are changing marine ecosystems, including carbon storage capacity, in myriad ways by altering predation risk. We provide novel, compelling evidence that at least one key human activity, overfishing, can lead to distinct, cascading risk effects in natural ecosystems whose magnitude exceeds that of presumed lethal effects and may account for previously unexplained findings. We further discuss the conservation implications of human-caused indirect risk effects. Finally, we provide a predictive framework for when human alterations of risk in oceans should lead to cascading effects and outline a prospectus for future research. Given the speed and extent with which human activities are altering marine risk landscapes, it is crucial that conservation and management policy considers the indirect effects of these activities in order to increase the likelihood of success and avoid unfortunate surprises.

  19. Development of an integrated set of research facilities for the support of research flight test

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Moore, Archie L.; Harney, Constance D.

    1988-01-01

    The Ames-Dryden Flight Research Facility (DFRF) serves as the site for high-risk flight research on many one-of-a-kind test vehicles like the X-29A advanced technology demonstrator, F-16 advanced fighter technology integration (AFTI), AFTI F-111 mission adaptive wing, and F-18 high-alpha research vehicle (HARV). Ames-Dryden is on a section of the historic Muroc Range. The facility is oriented toward the testing of high-performance aircraft, as shown by its part in the development of the X-series aircraft. Given the cost of research flight tests and the complexity of today's systems-driven aircraft, an integrated set of ground support experimental facilities is a necessity. In support of the research flight test of highly advanced test beds, the DFRF is developing a network of facilities to expedite the acquisition and distribution of flight research data to the researcher. The network consists of an array of experimental ground-based facilities and systems as nodes and the necessary telecommunications paths to pass research data and information between these facilities. This paper presents the status of the current network, an overview of current developments, and a prospectus on future major enhancements.

  20. Insights on the marine microbial nitrogen cycle from isotopic approaches to nitrification

    PubMed Central

    Casciotti, Karen L.; Buchwald, Carolyn

    2012-01-01

    The microbial nitrogen (N) cycle involves a variety of redox processes that control the availability and speciation of N in the environment and that are involved with the production of nitrous oxide (N2O), a climatically important greenhouse gas. Isotopic measurements of ammonium (NH+4), nitrite (NO−2), nitrate (NO−3), and N2O can now be used to track the cycling of these compounds and to infer their sources and sinks, which has lead to new and exciting discoveries. For example, dual isotope measurements of NO−3 and NO−2 have shown that there is NO−3 regeneration in the ocean's euphotic zone, as well as in and around oxygen deficient zones (ODZs), indicating that nitrification may play more roles in the ocean's N cycle than generally thought. Likewise, the inverse isotope effect associated with NO−2 oxidation yields unique information about the role of this process in NO−2 cycling in the primary and secondary NO−2 maxima. Finally, isotopic measurements of N2O in the ocean are indicative of an important role for nitrification in its production. These interpretations rely on knowledge of the isotope effects for the underlying microbial processes, in particular ammonia oxidation and nitrite oxidation. Here we review the isotope effects involved with the nitrification process and the insights provided by this information, then provide a prospectus for future work in this area. PMID:23091468