Science.gov

Sample records for 2012-2013 series college

  1. Statistical analysis of the 2012-2013 Torreperogil-Sabiote seismic series, Spain

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yazdi, Pouye; Hainzl, Sebastian; Gaspar-Escribano, Jorge M.

    2017-01-01

    The study of earthquake swarms and their characteristics can improve our understanding of the transient processes that provoke seismic crises. The spatio-temporal process of the energy release is often linked with changes of statistical properties, and thus, seismicity parameters can help to reveal the underlying mechanism in time and space domains. Here, we study the Torreperogil-Sabiote 2012-2013 seismic series (southern Spain), which was relatively long lasting, and it was composed by more than 2000 events. The largest event was a magnitude 3.9 event which occurred on February 5, 2013. It caused slight damages, but it cannot explain the occurrence of the whole seismic crises which was not a typical mainshock-aftershock sequence. To shed some light on this swarm occurrence, we analyze the change of statistical properties during the evolution of the sequence, in particular, related to the magnitude and interevent time distributions. Furthermore, we fit a modified version of the epidemic type aftershock sequence (ETAS) model in order to investigate changes of the background rates and the trigger potential. Our results indicate that the sequence was driven by an aseismic transient stressing rate and that the system passes after the swarm occurrence to a new forcing regime with more typical tectonic characteristics.

  2. 2012-2013 National Survey of First-Year Seminars: Exploring High-Impact Practices in the First College Year. Research Reports on College Transitions No. 4

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Dallin George; Hopp, Jessica M.

    2014-01-01

    For a quarter century, the National Resource Center for The First-Year Experience and Students in Transition has been examining the prevalence, structure, and administration of first-year seminars on American college campuses. The 2012-2013 administration of the national Survey of First-Year Seminars was expanded to explore the connection between…

  3. Epidemiology of football (soccer) injuries in the 2012/2013 and 2013/2014 seasons of the Italian Serie A.

    PubMed

    Falese, Lavinia; Della Valle, Pietro; Federico, Bruno

    2016-01-01

    Epidemiological studies on football (soccer) injuries are needed to assess both the magnitude of the problem and the effectiveness of preventive programmes. However, few data are available for Italy, which hosts one of the main football leagues in Europe. In this study, we aimed to describe the epidemiology of football injuries in the 2012/2013 and 2013/2014 seasons of the Italian Serie A. Information about injury location, type, date of occurrence and duration of absence was obtained from www.football-lineups.com , a free collaborative international database on football. Overall, 363 injuries occurred throughout the two seasons affecting 286 players. The most commonly reported injuries were thigh-strain and knee injury, which accounted for 42% and 19% of all injuries, respectively. Injury incidence increased with age and was particularly higher from August to October. Results suggest that injury prevention strategies should be introduced from the preseason to reduce the risk of injuries, especially muscle strains.

  4. Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges Academic Year Report, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges, 2013

    2013-01-01

    This "Academic Year Report 2012-13" provides a snapshot of funding, facilities, staffing, and enrollments in community and technical colleges in Washington state for the past academic year. The report also describes key measures of student outcomes and addresses the most frequently asked questions related to expenditures, personnel and…

  5. The Journal of College Admission Ethics Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loveland, Elaina C., Ed.; Raynor, Joyce, Ed.

    This book is the first significant body of literature on ethics in college admission published by the National Association for College Admission Counseling. The series is a select compilation of articles on ethics published in the Journal of College Admission in 1998 and 1999. The book is a source of information for the beginning and experienced…

  6. Geochemical and isotopic water results, Barrow, Alaska, 2012-2013

    DOE Data Explorer

    Heikoop, Jeff; Wilson, Cathy; Newman, Brent

    2012-07-18

    Data include a large suite of analytes (geochemical and isotopic) for samples collected in Barrow, Alaska (2012-2013). Sample types are indicated, and include soil pore waters, drainage waters, snowmelt, precipitation, and permafrost samples.

  7. Tobacco use among fourth year Bachelor of Science in Public Health (BSPH) students of the College of Public Health: University of the Philippines Manila, academic year 2012-2013.

    PubMed

    Guevarra, Jonathan P; Cordova, Renerio Q; Mercado, Chris Erwin G; Asaad, Abubakar S

    2014-10-01

    This study determines the prevalence of tobacco use among graduating Public Health students at the College of Public Health, University of the Philippines Manila. It also describes the exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, attitudes, behaviors and smoking cessation training of students. This study used a descriptive cross-sectional study design, adapting a standard questionnaire, pretested and administered to 52 Bachelor of Science in Public Health (BSPH) students at the College of Public Health, University of the Philippines Manila. Data generated from the survey were encoded using Epi Info version 3.5.4 and analyzed using Stata version 12. The prevalence of smoking among 4th year BSPH students was 5.8 % (current smokers). In the past 7 days, respondents have been exposed to secondhand smoke (44 % where they live; 79 % in places other than where they live). Majority were aware of the official policy on smoking ban in school, however, 80 % said that the policy is not enforced. Majority had favorable attitudes in terms of banning tobacco sales to adolescents, banning advertising of tobacco products, banning smoking in restaurants, discos/bars/pubs and enclosed public places. Majority of the respondents also believed that health professionals should get specific training on cessation techniques, that they do serve as role models, and that they have a role in giving advice about smoking cessation. More than three-quarters (76.9 %) of students said that health professionals who smoke are less likely to advise patients to quit. Most of the graduating students learned about the dangers of smoking, importance of obtaining tobacco use history, and providing educational support materials in their public health education but only a few received formal training about smoking cessation approaches. The implementation of the no-smoking policy of the university must be revisited. Smoking cessation approaches should be incorporated in the public health curriculum and the role

  8. UNESCO-UNEVOC in Action: Biennial Report 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    UNESCO-UNEVOC International Centre for Technical and Vocational Education and Training, 2014

    2014-01-01

    This biennial report provides a comprehensive overview of UNESCO-UNEVOC's activities in technical and vocational education and training in 2012-2013. It illustrates UNESCO-UNEVOC's contributions to the UNESCO 36 C/5 sectoral priorities and programmatic objectives. Specifically, UNESCO-UNEVOC contributed to the biennial sectoral priority in…

  9. Learning and Teaching Initiative Grants: 2012-2013. A Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pearce, Jon; Kennedy, Gregor

    2014-01-01

    The "Learning and Teaching Initiative Grants" scheme has funded about 120 projects with an "eLearning" focus during the past three years. Project leaders from twenty-nine completed 2012/2013 projects were interviewed with an aim of ascertaining innovative ideas that were successful, and unsuccessful, and exploring ways in which…

  10. Proposed Texas Children's Budget for 2012-2013. Policy Point

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Public Policy Priorities, 2011

    2011-01-01

    For the 2012-2013 biennium, legislative proposals would cut the state budget overall by more than 15 percent compared to 2010-11, and are at least 30 percent below the General Revenue levels needed to main critical services such as education, health and human services, and public safety. This brief analysis focuses on House Bill 1's proposed 12…

  11. AGU selects 2012-2013 Congressional Science Fellows

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Uhlenbrock, Kristan

    2012-04-01

    AGU has selected Erica Bickford and Kevin Reed as its 2012-2013 Congressional Science Fellows. This term will mark the 35th year that AGU has sponsored fellows to serve in Congress. Bickford and Reed will be part of a cohort comprising more than 30 fellows working on Capitol Hill in the coming year and contributing their scientific knowledge to the policy-making process. Erica Bickford is working toward finalizing her Ph.D. in environment and resources from the University of Wisconsin this summer.

  12. EPA Interim Evaluation of 2012-2013 Milestone Progress in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This page provides the EPA interim evaluations of the 2012-2013 milestones for the Chesapeake Bay TMDL. These interim assessments provide a mid-point check on the progress made on the 2012-2013 milestones, recognizing the achievements made in 2012.

  13. Tennessee Higher Education Fact Book: 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tennessee Higher Education Commission, 2013

    2013-01-01

    In January 2010, the General Assembly passed the Complete College Tennessee Act (CCTA), a comprehensive reform agenda that seeks to transform public higher education through changes in academic, fiscal and administrative policies at the state and institutional level. At the center of these reforms is the need for more Tennesseans to be better…

  14. Hepatitis B surface antigen seroprevalence among children in Papua New Guinea, 2012-2013.

    PubMed

    Kitau, Russel; Datta, Siddhartha Sankar; Patel, Minal K; Hennessey, Karen; Wannemuehler, Kathleen; Sui, Gerard; Lagani, William

    2015-03-01

    Approximately 8% of the population in Papua New Guinea (PNG) has chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. To decrease the burden of chronic HBV infection, a national 3-dose infant hepatitis B vaccination program was implemented starting in 1989, with a birth dose (BD) added to the schedule in 1992. To assess the impact of the hepatitis B vaccination program, we conducted a serosurvey among children born after vaccine introduction. During 2012-2013, a cross-sectional stratified four-stage cluster survey was conducted to estimate hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) prevalence among children 4-6 years of age. We collected demographic data, vaccination history, and tested children for HBsAg. Of 2,133 participants, 2,130 children had vaccination data by either card or recall: 28% received a BD; 81% received ≥ 3 vaccine doses. Of 2,109 children providing a blood sample, 60 (2.3%) tested positive for HBsAg. This is the largest, most geographically diverse survey of hepatitis B vaccination and HBsAg seroprevalence done in PNG. Progress has been made in PNG toward the Western Pacific Regional goal to reduce the prevalence of chronic HBV infection to < 1% by 2017 among 5-year-old children. Vaccination efforts should be strengthened, including increasing BD coverage and completing the 3-dose series.

  15. Austin Community College Study Guide Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Academic Therapy, 1989

    1989-01-01

    A series of study guides, which were developed to assist students in improving study and library skills, is reproduced for teachers' use. The guides cover test-taking skills; writing business letters; selecting a writing topic; plagiarism; developing search strategies; documentation; and locating dictionaries, periodical articles, books,…

  16. Ready for College. Advocates Series. Action Brief No.1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forum for Youth Investment, 2006

    2006-01-01

    Much has been written lately that asks the question--are young people across this country ready for college? The Forum for Youth Investment, Connect for Kids, Voices for America's Children and many state Kids Count organizations have developed this series for state advocates to share the vision, messages and state policies being proposed to…

  17. Scaling Community College Interventions. Cutting Edge Series. No. 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Public Agenda, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This is the second guide of the Cutting Edge Series and is designed to help colleges apply strategies that will allow successful institutional change and student achievement initiatives to reach more students. Section 1 of this guide lays out the most common obstacles to successful scaling and serves as a sobering reminder of the complexity of the…

  18. Beyond College Eligibility: A New Framework for Promoting College Readiness. College Readiness Indicator Systems Resource Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2014

    2014-01-01

    The College Readiness Indicator Systems (CRIS) initiative was developed in response to a troubling pattern: More students than ever are enrolling in college after high school, but many of them are not college ready, as evidenced by persistently low rates of college completion. The sense of urgency to close the gap between college eligibility and…

  19. A Descriptive Analysis of Harassment, Intimidation, and Bullying Student Behaviors: 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whisman, Andy

    2014-01-01

    This report describes the occurrence of discipline referrals and corresponding interventions and consequences used by schools for "harassment," "intimidation," and "bullying" behaviors during the 2012- 2013 school year. Using data entered into the West Virginia Education Information System (WVEIS), this study was…

  20. Cooperating Teacher Compensation and Benefits: Comparing 1957-1958 and 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fives, Helenrose; Mills, Tammy M.; Dacey, Charity M.

    2016-01-01

    We offer a comparative investigation of the compensation and benefits afforded to cooperating teachers (CTs) by teacher education programs (TEPs) in 1957-1958 and 2012-2013. This investigation replicates and extends a description of the compensation practices of 20 U.S. TEPs published by VanWinkle in 1959. Data for the present investigation came…

  1. Redefining Health for Kids and Teens: 2012-2013 Annual Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    School-Based Health Alliance, 2013

    2013-01-01

    This annual report for 2012-2013 features a collection of stories from individuals in the school-based health care movement who have been affected by the work of the School-Based Health Alliance. At the 2013 National School-Based Health Care Convention in Washington, DC, the new name, logo, and tagline for the organization: School Based Health…

  2. 76 FR 35431 - Federal Need Analysis Methodology for the 2012-2013 Award Year

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Federal Need Analysis Methodology for the 2012-2013 Award Year Correction In notice document 2010-12812 appearing on pages 30139 through 30142 in the issue of Tuesday, May 24, 2011, make the following...

  3. 78 FR 39256 - Polyvinyl Alcohol From Taiwan: Rescission of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review; 2012-2013

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-01

    ...] Polyvinyl Alcohol From Taiwan: Rescission of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review; 2012-2013 AGENCY... on polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) from Taiwan for the period March 1, 2012, through February 28, 2013. DATES... administrative review.\\3\\ \\3\\ See letter from CCPC to the Department, ``Polyvinyl Alcohol from Taiwan:...

  4. 77 FR 41001 - 2012-2013 Refuge-Specific Hunting and Sport Fishing Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-11

    ... pertain to migratory game bird hunting, upland game hunting, big game hunting, and sport fishing for the... wildlife refuges to migratory game bird hunting, upland game hunting, big game hunting, or sport fishing... 2012-2013 Hunting/Fishing Season Migratory bird Refuge/region State hunting Upland game hunting...

  5. 2012-2013 Federal Pell Grant Program End-of-Year Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Postsecondary Education, US Department of Education, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The Federal Pell Grant End-of-Year Report presents primary aspects of Federal Pell Grant Program activity for the 2012-2013 award year. This presentation is a compilation of quantitative program data assembled to offer insights into the changes to the Title IV applicant universe and the Federal Pell Grant Program. The Federal Pell Grant…

  6. U.S. Army War College Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL) 2012-2013

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-08-01

    1. Assess political upheaval in the Middle East following the Egyptian , Tunisian, and Libyan revolutions. 2. Assess Iranian regional assertiveness...China’s investment in critical infrastructure (multi-modal nodes, telecommunications , etc.), will a tipping point occur when Chinese contributions and

  7. Coastal circulation off southern Tamaulipas and northern Veracruz, western Gulf of Mexico, during winter 2012-2013

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rivas, David

    2015-04-01

    Four months of observations from a near-coastal mooring deployed off southern Tamaulipas-northern Veracruz coast (western Gulf of Mexico) during winter 2012-2013 provides velocity, temperature, and salinity series in a region where apparently no in-situ measurements have been formally reported. The measurements show numerous events of intense alongshore velocities with magnitudes typically exceeding 80 cm/s, associated with intensified winds associated with the cold fronts invading the western Gulf during fall-winter, via coastal-trapped motions coming from northern locations. These motions must induce a coastal jet that modulates the regional along-shelf transports. This notion is corroborated by an analytical coastal-trapped wave (CTW) model which explains most of the variability of the sea level and the alongshore barotropic velocity observed in the mooring. Several near-inertial signals exceeding 50 cm/s are also observed at the surface levels. These high-frequency (HF) signals occur several hours before the intensified currents induced by the winds. Comparison between HF series of water velocity and wind suggests a direct influence of the winds affecting the NW Gulf (northern Tamaulipas/southern Texas) about 6-9 hours before the occurrence of the HF currents at the mooring. These near-inertial events induce a vigorous mixing of the local riverine discharge.

  8. Reprint of "Seismic monitoring of the Plosky Tolbachik eruption in 2012-2013 (Kamchatka Peninsula Russia)"

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Senyukov, S. L.; Nuzhdina, I. N.; Droznina, S. Ya.; Garbuzova, V. T.; Kozhevnikova, T. Yu.; Sobolevskaya, O. V.; Nazarova, Z. A.; Bliznetsov, V. E.

    2015-12-01

    The active basaltic volcano Plosky Tolbachik (Pl. Tolbachik) is located in the southern part of the Klyuchevskoy volcano group on the Kamchatka Peninsula. The previous 1975-1976 Great Tolbachik Fissure Eruption (1975-1976 GTFE) occurred in the southern sector of Pl. Tolbachik. It was preceded by powerful earthquakes with local magnitudes between 2.5 and 4.9 and it was successfully predicted with a short-term forecast. The Kamchatka Branch of Geophysical Survey (KBGS) of the Russian Academy of Science (RAS) began to publish the results of daily seismic monitoring of active Kamchatka volcanoes on the Internet in 2000. Unlike the 1975-1976 GTFE precursor, (1) seismicity before the 2012-2013 Tolbachik Fissure Eruption (2012-2013 TFE) was relatively weak and earthquake magnitudes did not exceed 2.5. (2) Precursory earthquake hypocenters at 0-5 km depth were concentrated mainly under the southeastern part of the volcano. (3) The frequency of events gradually increased in September 2012, and rose sharply on the eve of the eruption. (4) According to seismic data, the explosive-effusive 2012-2013 TFE began at ~ 05 h 15 min UTC on November 27, 2012; the outbreak occurred between the summit of the Pl. Tolbachik and the Northern Breakthrough of the 1975-1976 GTFE. (5) Because of bad weather, early interpretations of the onset time and the character of the eruption were made using seismological data only and were confirmed later by other monitoring methods. The eruption finished in early September 2013. This article presents the data obtained through real-time seismic monitoring and the results of retrospective analysis, with additional comments on the future monitoring of volcanic activity.

  9. Emergence of GII.4 Sydney norovirus in South Korea during the winter of 2012-2013.

    PubMed

    Kim, Hyun Soo; Hyun, Jeongwon; Kim, Han-Sung; Kim, Jae-Seok; Song, Wonkeun; Lee, Kyu Man

    2013-11-28

    Norovirus is the major cause of acute gastroenteritis worldwide. Between November 2012 and June 2013, 1718 stool samples were requested for norovirus antigen testing in the metropolitan areas of South Korea, and 91 samples were genotyped. The norovirus antigen-positive rate peaked at 52.8% in December 2012. [corrected]. A novel norovirus GII.4 variant, GII.4 Sydney 2012, was the most frequently found genotype (60.4%) during this period. This study demonstrates that norovirus activity increased during the winter of 2012-2013 in South Korea and that norovirus GII.4 Sydney 2012 was the cause of the norovirus epidemic during this period.

  10. National and local influenza surveillance through Twitter: an analysis of the 2012-2013 influenza epidemic.

    PubMed

    Broniatowski, David A; Paul, Michael J; Dredze, Mark

    2013-01-01

    Social media have been proposed as a data source for influenza surveillance because they have the potential to offer real-time access to millions of short, geographically localized messages containing information regarding personal well-being. However, accuracy of social media surveillance systems declines with media attention because media attention increases "chatter" - messages that are about influenza but that do not pertain to an actual infection - masking signs of true influenza prevalence. This paper summarizes our recently developed influenza infection detection algorithm that automatically distinguishes relevant tweets from other chatter, and we describe our current influenza surveillance system which was actively deployed during the full 2012-2013 influenza season. Our objective was to analyze the performance of this system during the most recent 2012-2013 influenza season and to analyze the performance at multiple levels of geographic granularity, unlike past studies that focused on national or regional surveillance. Our system's influenza prevalence estimates were strongly correlated with surveillance data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for the United States (r = 0.93, p < 0.001) as well as surveillance data from the Department of Health and Mental Hygiene of New York City (r = 0.88, p < 0.001). Our system detected the weekly change in direction (increasing or decreasing) of influenza prevalence with 85% accuracy, a nearly twofold increase over a simpler model, demonstrating the utility of explicitly distinguishing infection tweets from other chatter.

  11. Impact of the stratospheric warming 2012/2013 on the upper mesosphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bittner, Michael; Lisa, Kuechelbacher; Carsten, Schmidt; Sabine, Wuest

    2014-05-01

    Impact of the stratospheric warming 2012 / 2013 on the upper mesosphere The effects of stratospheric warming events are not restricted to the stratosphere only. There is also considerable impact on the mesosphere. Remote-sensing data derived by satellite and ground-based instruments are analysed in order to dynamically characterize the stratospheric warming event which took place during winter 2012/2013. The temporal and spatial structure of planetary waves with zonal wave number 1 to 3 is studied from strato- to mesospheric heights using global ozone and temperature data from METOP-GOME-2 and TIMED-SABER, respectively. Ground-based infrared airglow spectrometer measurements (GRIPS) of OH rotational temperature in the mesopause region derived at European mid-latitude NDMC stations complete the data set. Planetary wave amplitudes show characteristic warming pulses whereby planetary wave with zonal wave number 3 significantly changes period and phase speed. The changing planetary wave regime obviously affects gravity wave propagation up to the mesosphere. Indication for varying mesopause airglow layer height is found.

  12. TV observations of the Perseid meteor shower in 2012-2013

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kartashova, Anna P.; Bolgova, Galina T.

    2015-12-01

    The results of television meteor observations during the Perseid meteor shower activity in 2012-2013 are presented. The observations were carried out in the Moscow region using the television system PatrolCa - the patrol camera with the field of view of 56°×44° and limiting magnitude (for meteors) of +4m. The distribution of the Index of Meteors Activity of the Perseid meteor shower in 2012-2013 was estimated. The maximum activity occurs on August 12 with the Index of Meteors Activity (IMA) (λ=140.4°) 192 (±0.03)*103 particles to the Earth per 1 h in 2012 and 122 (±0.06)*103 particles to the Earth per 1 h in 2013 (λ=140.2°). In total for 91 meteoroids radiants, geocentric velocities and orbit parameters were calculated. The daily drift of Perseid radiant was determined. The dependence of the beginning and ending heights by absolute magnitude is presented.

  13. 7 CFR Appendix B to Part 3434 - List of HSACU institutions, 2012-2013

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... FOOD AND AGRICULTURE HISPANIC-SERVING AGRICULTURAL COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES CERTIFICATION PROCESS... State University-Monterey Bay California State University-San Bernardino College of the Sequoias... University Miami Dade College Nova Southeastern University Saint Thomas University Illinois (2) City...

  14. Perspectives on the College Level Examination Program. A Series of Papers Presented to the Missouri Association of Junior Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alfred, Richard L., Ed.

    In this series of papers, primary consideration is given to manifest (expressed) and latent (unexpressed) perspectives on the College Level Examination Program held by faculty, administrators, and students in the Junior College District of Metropolitan Kansas City, Missouri. The first paper, "The Pros and Cons of CLEP: A Student Personnel…

  15. The 2012-2013 influenza epidemic and the role of osteopathic manipulative medicine.

    PubMed

    Mueller, Donna M

    2013-09-01

    The 2012-2013 influenza epidemic arrived approximately 4 weeks early, augmented by an unusual variant type-A ("swine flu") strain that caused greater-than-normal illness and a lack of efficacy in vaccination against it. Tens of thousands of people die of influenza or related complications during a nonepidemic influenza season. Osteopathic medicine can substantially help to address the complications that result from influenza. For example, during the deadly 1918-1919 Spanish influenza pandemic, osteopaths reduced patient mortality and morbidity by using lymphatic treatment techniques. Use of osteopathic manipulative treatment with vaccination, antiviral therapy, and chemoprophylaxis has potential to save lives and reduce complications. The present article describes the role of osteopathic manipulative treatment in the management of influenza and highlights current issues surrounding the use of antiviral therapy.

  16. Imaging the intrusion of a magmatic sill beneath the town of Pozzuoli (2012-2013)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    D'Auria, Luca; Pepe, Susi; Castaldo, Raffaele; Giudicepietro, Flora; Macedonio, Giovanni; Casu, Francesco; Lanari, Riccardo; Manzo, Mariarosaria; Sansosti, Eugenio; Zinno, Ivana; Tizzani, Pietro

    2015-04-01

    Campi Flegrei caldera (Southern Italy) is among the areas with the highest volcanic risk in the world. The megacity of Naples, hosting more than 1 million inhabitants, lies across the caldera borders. In recent years Campi Flegrei caldera has experienced an accelerating uplift rate of the ground deformation. In particular, during the April 2012 - January 2013 time interval the caldera has shown a rapid uplift of about 6 cm with a peak rate of about 3 cm/month in December 2012. This event led the Italian Civil Protection to raise the alert level of the volcano from green to yellow. We exploited the displacement time series obtained by processing 90 SAR images acquired from the COSMO-SkyMed sensor constellation along ascending orbits via the well-known DInSAR algorithm referred to as SBAS algorithm, and the measurements provided by 14 continuous GPS stations deployed within the caldera and belonging to the permanent INGV-OV monitoring network. To study the detail of the intrusion process we have applied novel geodetic imaging technique to determine the spatial and temporal kinematics of the ground deformation source in the selected period. The retrieved temporal pattern of the source geometry reflects that of a growing sill which, at the end of the considered period, has a roughly elliptical geometry with an extension of about 6 km in the EW direction and about 4 km in the NS one. The maximum aperture of the sill is of about 30 cm at its center. To understand the dynamics of this phenomenon we used a recently developed numerical model of the emplacement of a magmatic sill, to fit the retrieved geometry. The parameters to be determined are: the average magma viscosity, the amount of magma already present in the sill before the 2012-2013 episode and the magma injection rate. Results show that the most likely value for the viscosity is between 103 - 104Pa - s and that to justify the observed deformation pattern it is required that the reservoir should have contained at

  17. The Community College Presidency, 2001. Research Brief. Leadership Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weisman, Iris M.; Vaughan, George B.

    This is a report on the 2001 survey results of community college presidents, administered by the American Association of Community Colleges (AACC). The AACC utilized the George B. Vaughan Career and Lifestyle Survey (CLS) to gather information on these community college leaders. The study surveyed 936 presidents of public American community…

  18. Trends in College Pricing, 2011. Trends in Higher Education Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baum, Sandy; Ma, Jennifer

    2011-01-01

    The published prices on which the analysis in "Trends in College Pricing" is based come from data reported by institutions on the College Board's Annual Survey of Colleges. This survey, which is distributed to nearly 4,000 postsecondary institutions across the country, collects a wealth of data on enrollment, admission, degrees and majors,…

  19. College Students: The Evolving Nature of Research. ASHE Reader Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stages, Frances K., Ed.; And Others

    This collection of 17 readings presents research on college students grouped into sections on getting to college, the college environment, the developmental experience, and general reflections. Titles and authors are: (1) "Population Trends, Socioeconomic Status, and Geographic Distribution" (B. Astone and E. Nunez-Wormack); (2)…

  20. 2012-2013 CAUT Almanac of Post-Secondary Education in Canada = 2012-2013 Almanach de l'enseignement postsecondaire au Canada de l'ACPPU

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canadian Association of University Teachers, 2013

    2013-01-01

    In previous editions of the CAUT Almanac, data for provincial postsecondary education expenditures, total expenditures and university and college revenues and expenditures was reported from Statistics Canada's Financial Management System (FMS), which Statistics Canada last published for the 2008-2009 fiscal year. Statistics Canada will be adopting…

  1. 7 CFR Appendix B to Part 3434 - List of HSACU institutions, 2012-2013.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE HISPANIC-SERVING AGRICULTURAL COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES CERTIFICATION PROCESS... Bakersfield College California State Polytechnic University-Pomona California State University-Bakersfield... Beach California State University-Monterey Bay California State University-San Bernardino College of...

  2. Spinal and paraspinal infections associated with contaminated methylprednisolone acetate injections - Michigan, 2012-2013.

    PubMed

    2013-05-17

    As of May 6, 2013, Michigan had reported 167 (52%) of the 320 paraspinal or spinal infections without meningitis associated with the 2012-2013 fungal meningitis outbreak nationally. Although the index patient had a laboratory-confirmed Aspergillus fumigatus infection, the fungus most often identified, including in unopened vials of methylprednisolone acetate (MPA), remains Exserohilum rostratum, a common black mold found on plants and in soil. Exposures have occurred through epidural, paraspinal, peripheral nerve, and intra-articular injection with MPA from contaminated lots compounded by the New England Compounding Center in Framingham, Massachusetts. The Michigan Department of Community Health and CDC conducted case ascertainment to describe epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of Michigan patients and to determine factors that might have contributed to the high percentage of spinal and paraspinal infections reported from Michigan. A distinct epidemiologic or clinical difference was not observed between patients with paraspinal or spinal infection with and without meningitis. Lengthy periods (range: 12-121 days) were observed from date of last injection with contaminated MPA to date of first magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) finding indicative of infection. Clinicians should continue to maintain a higher index of suspicion for patients who received injections with contaminated MPA but have not developed infection.

  3. Epidemics of GI.2 sapovirus in gastroenteritis outbreaks during 2012-2013 in Osaka City, Japan.

    PubMed

    Iritani, Nobuhiro; Yamamoto, Seiji P; Abe, Niichiro; Kubo, Hideyuki; Oka, Tomoichiro; Kaida, Atsushi

    2016-07-01

    Sapovirus (SaV) is a causative agent of gastroenteritis in humans in both sporadic cases and outbreaks. During the period from January 2005 to August 2014, SaV was detected in 30 (5.9%) of 510 gastroenteritis outbreaks in Osaka City, Japan using real-time RT-PCR. Seasonal distribution of SaV-associated outbreaks revealed an increase during the 2011-2012 season and the highest frequency of outbreaks during the 2012-2013 season. Genotyping analysis based on the capsid region demonstrated that the most common genotype was GI.2 (36.7%), in which the strains were closely related. The comparison of complete capsid gene sequences with 18 GI.2 strains (7 strains in this study and 11 from GenBank) between 1990 and 2013 showed that GI.2 strains were classified into at least three genetic clusters (1990-2000, 2004-2007, and 2008-2013) with chronologically unique amino acid residues and accumulation of mutations in the predicted P domain, suggesting the one of the causes of emergence and spread of GI.2 strains. This study will also be helpful for understanding the evolutionary mechanism of the SaV genome.

  4. Tobacco product use among adults--United States, 2012-2013.

    PubMed

    Agaku, Israel T; King, Brian A; Husten, Corinne G; Bunnell, Rebecca; Ambrose, Bridget K; Hu, S Sean; Holder-Hayes, Enver; Day, Hannah R

    2014-06-27

    Despite significant declines in cigarette smoking among U.S. adults over the past five decades, progress has slowed in recent years, and the prevalence of use of other tobacco products such as cigars and smokeless tobacco has not changed. Additionally, the prevalence of use of emerging products, including electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), has rapidly increased. This report provides the most recent national estimates of tobacco use among adults aged ≥18 years, using data from the 2012-2013 National Adult Tobacco Survey (NATS). The findings indicate that 21.3% of U.S. adults used a tobacco product every day or some days, and 25.2% used a tobacco product every day, some days, or rarely. Population-level interventions focused on the diversity of tobacco product use, including tobacco price increases, high-impact antitobacco mass media campaigns, comprehensive smoke-free laws, and enhanced access to help quitting, in conjunction with Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulation of tobacco products, are critical to reducing tobacco-related diseases and deaths in the United States.

  5. Impact of the Stratospheric Warming 2012 / 2013 on the Middle Atmosphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bittner, M.; Küchelbacher, L.; Schmidt, C.; Wüst, S.; Eriksen Holmen, S.; Espy, P. J.; Gavrilyeva, G.; Yee, J. H.; Mlynczak, M. G.; Russell, J. M., III

    2014-12-01

    The effects of stratospheric warming events are not restricted to the stratosphere only. There is considerable impact on the mesosphere. Global ozone and temperature data derived from the METOP-A-GOME-2 and TIMED-SABER satellites, respectively, and rotational temperatures obtained by ground-based infrared airglow spectrometer measurements (GRIPS) including polar stations within the Network for Mesospheric Change, NDMC, are analyzed in order to characterize both larger scale (planetary waves) and smaller scale (gravity waves) atmospheric dynamics during minor and major stratospheric warming events which took place in winter 2012/2013 in the Northern Hemisphere. The planetary wave regime is found being dominated by zonal wavenumbers 1 and 2 which significantly trigger the observed stratwarming; induced momentum on the background zonal flow due to wave breaking is estimated. As a consequence of the stratwarming the planetary wave number 3 is found being modified significantly in its wave characteristics (phase speed, frequency). Impact of the stratwarming on the upper mesosphere / lower thermosphere is discussed. Evidence for some mesospheric cooling prior to the stratwarming is found. Gravity wave characteristics in that altitude regime seem to be altered. There is also evidence that the mesopause airglow layer might have changed its geometric height during these events.

  6. Analysis of the 2012-2013 Torreperogil-Sabiote seismic swarm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hamdache, M.; Peláez, J. A.; Henares, J.; Damerdji, Y.; Sawires, R.

    2016-10-01

    This study analyses the temporal clustering, spatial clustering, and statistics of the 2012-2013 Torreperogil-Sabiote (southern Spain) seismic swarm. During the swarm, more than 2200 events were located, mostly at depths of 2-5 km, with magnitude event up to mbLg 3.9 (Mw 3.7). On the basis of daily activity rate, three main temporal phases are identified and analysed. The analysis combines different seismological relationships to improve our understanding of the physical processes related to the swarm's occurrence. Each temporal phase is characterized by its cumulative seismic moment. Using several different approaches, we estimate a catalog completeness magnitude of mc≅ 1.5. The maximum likelihood b-value estimates for each swarm phase are 1.11 ± 0.09, 1.04 ± 0.04, and 0.90 ± 0.04, respectively. To test the hypothesis that a b-value decrease is a precursor to a large event, we study temporal variations in b-value using overlapping moving windows. A relationship can be inferred between change in b-value and the regime style of the rupture. b-values are indicators of the stress regime, and influence the size of ruptures. The fractal dimension D2 is used to perform spatial analysis. Cumulative gamma and beta functions are used to analyse the behaviour of inter-event distances during the earthquake sequence.

  7. Comparison of substorms near two solar cycle maxima: (1999-2000 and 2012-2013)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Despirak, I.; Lubchich, A.; Kleimenova, N.

    2016-05-01

    We present the comparative analysis of the substorm behavior during two solar cycle maxima. The substorms, observed during the large solar cycle maximum (1999- 2000, with Wp> 100) and during the last maximum (2012-2013 with Wp~60), were studied. The considered substorms were divided into 3 types according to auroral oval dynamic. First type - substorms which are observed only at auroral latitudes ("usual" substorms); second type - substorms which propagate from auroral latitudes (<70?) to polar geomagnetic latitudes (>70°) ("expanded" substorms, according to expanded oval); third type - substorms which are observed only at latitudes above ~70° in the absence of simultaneous geomagnetic disturbances below 70° ("polar" substorms, according to contracted oval). Over 1700 substorm events have been analyzed. The following substorm characteristics have been studied: (i) the seasonal variations, (ii) the latitudinal range of the occurrence, (iii) solar wind and IMF parameters before substorm onset, (iiii) PC-index before substorm onset. Thus, the difference between two solar activity maxima could be seen in the difference of substorm behavior in these periods as well.

  8. Parental Income and College Opportunity. DSC Report Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manski, Charles F.

    This paper describes recent patterns of income stratification in American colleges. Data from the Current Population Survey provide estimates of college enrollment stratification by income during the period 1970-1988. The National Longitudinal Study of the High School Class of 1972 and the High School and Beyond survey provide data for two cohorts…

  9. Trends in College Pricing, 2013. Trends in Higher Education Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baum, Sandy; Ma, Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    Concerns about rising tuition and how students can afford to finance their major investments in postsecondary education are widespread. Solid insights into these questions require accurate and up-to-date information about prices. "Trends in College Pricing, 2013" reports on the prices charged by colleges and universities in 2013-14, how…

  10. Trends in College Pricing, 2012. Trends in Higher Education Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baum, Sandy; Ma, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    Widespread concern about the high and rising price of college makes timely data on tuition increases in historical context particularly important. The increase in average published tuition and fees at public four-year colleges and universities for the 2012-13 academic year is smaller than it has been in recent years--and below the average growth…

  11. CSCC Review Series Essay: Education Abroad in the U.S. Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Yi

    2011-01-01

    This article--the first in the Council for the Study of Community Colleges (CSCC) Review Essays Series--reviews the literature concerning education-abroad opportunities for community college students. The article examines the benefits accrued to students through overseas study, briefly notes the history of education-abroad programs, and summarizes…

  12. Underprepared Learners Practice Brief. Acceleration Strategies Series. TAACCCT Equipping Community Colleges for Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jobs For the Future, 2016

    2016-01-01

    This is the second brief in a series on strategies for Trade Adjustment Assistance Community College Career Training (TAACCCT) grantees and other educators. The Department of Labor's Trade Adjustment Assistance Community College Career Training (TAACCCT) program is providing nearly $2 billion in funds to build the capacity of the nation's…

  13. Prior Learning Assessment Practice Brief. Acceleration Strategies Series. TAACCCT Equipping Community Colleges for Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jobs For the Future, 2016

    2016-01-01

    This is the first brief in a series on strategies for Trade Adjustment Assistance Community College Career Training (TAACCCT) grantees and other educators. The Department of Labor's Trade Adjustment Assistance Community College Career Training (TAACCCT) program is providing nearly $2 billion in funds to build the capacity of the nation's community…

  14. Blood parasite infection data from Blue-winged teal, Canada (Alberta, Saskatchewan) and USA (Texas, Louisiana), 2012-2013

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Reed, John

    2017-01-01

    This data set includes age, sex, location, and blood parasite infection data from Blue-winged teal (Anas discors) captured in Canada (Alberta, Saskatchewan) and the USA (Texas, Louisiana) in 2012-2013. Infection data for three different genera of blood parasites are given as are GenBank accession numbers for genetic sequences obtained from positive infections.

  15. 78 FR 77419 - Certain Activated Carbon From the People's Republic of China; 2012-2013; Partial Rescission of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-23

    ... International Trade Administration Certain Activated Carbon From the People's Republic of China; 2012-2013... administrative review of the antidumping duty order on certain activated carbon from the People's Republic of... activated carbon from the PRC (``the Order'').\\1\\ Based upon these requests, on June 3, 2013, the...

  16. Global update on the susceptibility of human influenza viruses to neuraminidase inhibitors, 2012-2013.

    PubMed

    Meijer, Adam; Rebelo-de-Andrade, Helena; Correia, Vanessa; Besselaar, Terry; Drager-Dayal, Renu; Fry, Alicia; Gregory, Vicky; Gubareva, Larisa; Kageyama, Tsutomu; Lackenby, Angie; Lo, Janice; Odagiri, Takato; Pereyaslov, Dmitriy; Siqueira, Marilda M; Takashita, Emi; Tashiro, Masato; Wang, Dayan; Wong, Sun; Zhang, Wenqing; Daniels, Rod S; Hurt, Aeron C

    2014-10-01

    Emergence of influenza viruses with reduced susceptibility to neuraminidase inhibitors (NAIs) is sporadic, often follows exposure to NAIs, but occasionally occurs in the absence of NAI pressure. The emergence and global spread in 2007/2008 of A(H1N1) influenza viruses showing clinical resistance to oseltamivir due to neuraminidase (NA) H275Y substitution, in the absence of drug pressure, warrants continued vigilance and monitoring for similar viruses. Four World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Centres for Reference and Research on Influenza and one WHO Collaborating Centre for the Surveillance, Epidemiology and Control of Influenza (WHO CCs) tested 11,387 viruses collected by WHO-recognized National Influenza Centres (NIC) between May 2012 and May 2013 to determine 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) data for oseltamivir, zanamivir, peramivir and laninamivir. The data were evaluated using normalized IC50 fold-changes rather than raw IC50 data. Nearly 90% of the 11,387 viruses were from three WHO regions: Western Pacific, the Americas and Europe. Only 0.2% (n=27) showed highly reduced inhibition (HRI) against at least one of the four NAIs, usually oseltamivir, while 0.3% (n=39) showed reduced inhibition (RI). NA sequence data, available from the WHO CCs and from sequence databases (n=3661), were screened for amino acid substitutions associated with reduced NAI susceptibility. Those showing HRI were A(H1N1)pdm09 with NA H275Y (n=18), A(H3N2) with NA E119V (n=3) or NA R292K (n=1) and B/Victoria-lineage with NA H273Y (n=2); amino acid position numbering is A subtype and B type specific. Overall, approximately 99% of circulating viruses tested during the 2012-2013 period were sensitive to all four NAIs. Consequently, these drugs remain an appropriate choice for the treatment and prophylaxis of influenza virus infections.

  17. Surveillance systems to track progress toward global polio eradication - worldwide, 2012-2013.

    PubMed

    Levitt, Alexandra; Diop, Ousmane M; Tangermann, Rudolf H; Paladin, Fem; Kamgang, Jean Baptiste; Burns, Cara C; Chenoweth, Paul J; Goel, Ajay; Wassilak, Steven G F

    2014-04-25

    In 2012, the World Health Assembly of the World Health Organization (WHO) declared completion of polio eradication a programmatic emergency. Polio cases are detected through surveillance of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) cases and subsequent testing of stool specimens for polioviruses (PVs) at WHO-accredited laboratories within the Global Polio Laboratory Network (GPLN). AFP surveillance is supplemented by environmental surveillance, testing sewage samples from selected sites for PVs. Virologic surveillance, including genomic sequencing to identify isolates by genotype and measure divergence between isolates, guides Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) activities by confirming the presence of PV, tracking chains of PV transmission, and highlighting gaps in AFP surveillance quality. This report provides AFP surveillance quality indicators at national and subnational levels during 2012-2013 for countries that experienced PV cases during 2009-2013 in the WHO African Region (AFR) and Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR), the remaining polio-endemic regions. It also summarizes the results of environmental surveillance and reviews indicators assessing the timeliness of reporting of PV isolation and of virus strain characterization globally. Regional-level performance indicators for timely reporting of PV isolation were met in five of six WHO regions in 2012 and 2013. Of 30 AFR and EMR countries that experienced cases of PV (wild poliovirus [WPV], circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus [cVDPV], or both) during 2009-2013, national performance indicator targets for AFP surveillance and collection of adequate specimens were met in 27 (90%) countries in 2012 and 22 (73%) in 2013. In 17 (57%) countries, ≥80% of the population lived in subnational areas meeting both AFP performance indicators in 2012, decreasing to 13 (43%) in 2013. To achieve polio eradication and certify interruption of PV transmission, intensive efforts to strengthen and maintain AFP surveillance are

  18. The Department of Defense Global, Laboratory-Based Influenza Surveillance Program: Technical Report on Program Methods for the 2012-2013 Influenza Season

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-10-01

    Methods for the 2012-2013 Influenza Season Authors: Lt Col Victor MacIntosh, Lt Col Jody Noe, Maj Shauna Zorich, Dr. Elizabeth Macias, Laurie...Influenza Surveillance Program: Technical Report on Program Methods for the 2012-2013 Influenza Season 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c...Global, Laboratory-Based Influenza Surveillance Program as of the end of the 2012-2013 influenza season , focusing on the program’s methods for

  19. College Reading: Perspectives and Practices. The College Reading Association Monograph Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmer, Barbara Martin, Ed.

    This book addresses reading issues pertaining to college students at all levels, and is envisioned as an essay collection of interest to educators involved with college reading, as well as those in other disciplines. Section 1 (Perspectives) presents 4 essays, which describe how college readers perceive reading and writing: "'Josh': Case…

  20. Lessons from the Corridors of College Success Initiative: An Introduction. Corridors of College Success Series. CCRC Research Brief. Number 59

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karp, Melinda Mechur; Lundy-Wagner, Valerie

    2015-01-01

    "Collective impact" is a new place-based model of educational and social intervention that aims to shift responsibility for improvement in outcomes from individual organizations to entire systems that affect the lives of people in a particular location. CCRC's "Corridors of College Success Series" provides insights into…

  1. Trends in College Pricing, 2015. Trends in Higher Education Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ma, Jennifer; Baum, Sandy; Pender, Matea; Bell, D'Wayne

    2015-01-01

    The increases in tuition and fee prices in 2015-16 were, like the increases in the two preceding years, relatively small by historical standards. However, the very low rate of general inflation makes this year's increases in college prices larger in real terms than those of 2014-15 and 2013-14. Significantly, and perhaps counter to public…

  2. The Honors College Phenomenon. National Collegiate Honors Council Monograph Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sederberg, Peter C., Ed.

    2009-01-01

    One enduring, and perhaps endearing, characteristic of the National Collegiate Honors Council (NCHC) is its commitment to pluralism. NCHC recognizes that excellent honors educational opportunities can be cultivated across the diverse settings of American higher education from two-year community colleges through large, comprehensive research…

  3. Promoting Values Development in College Students. Monograph Series, Volume 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dalton, Jon C., Ed.

    This monograph was written to examine the significance of recent moral development theory and research for college student development and to demonstrate ways in which these findings can be incorporated into student affairs programs and services. Although the monograph includes some review and discussion of research and theory in values…

  4. Trends in College Pricing, 2014. Trends in Higher Education Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baum, Sandy; Ma, Jennifer; Bell, D'Wayne; Elliott, Diane Cardenas

    2014-01-01

    Between 2013-14 and 2014-15, average published tuition and fee prices increased by 2.9% for in-state students in the public four-year sector, by 3.3% for out-of-state students in the public four-year sector and for in-district students at public two-year colleges, and by 3.7% at private nonprofit four-year institutions. These increases are higher…

  5. Seniors' Postsecondary Plans and Scholarships School Year 2012-2013. Research & Evaluation Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffin, Ashley

    2014-01-01

    During their senior year, students in the Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) schools develop a postsecondary plan indicating their intentions upon graduation from high school. Postsecondary plan data were generated and consists of several categories, including attending a four-year college/university, attending a two-year/community…

  6. The Schools Network Corporate Plan: 2010-2011 to 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schools Network, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The Specialist Schools and Academies Trust (SSAT) is an independent, not-for-profit membership organisation dedicated to raising levels of achievement in education. SSAT has a membership of over 5,500 schools and growing numbers of affiliated universities, colleges and local authorities. This paper presents SSAT's plan which sets out its…

  7. Alabama Education Report Card, 2012-2013: A Year in Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alabama Department of Education, 2014

    2014-01-01

    Beginning in January of 2012, the Alabama State Board of Education embarked on a bold and transformation plan for K-12 public education known as PLAN 2020. Foundational to this plan was a new definition of a successful and prepared high school graduate informed by community colleges, institutions of higher education, and business and industry,…

  8. Community Colleges as Cultural Texts: Qualitative Explorations of Organizational and Student Culture. SUNY Series, Frontiers in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaw, Kathleen M., Ed.; Valadez, James R., Ed.; Rhoads, Robert A., Ed.

    This book, part of the Frontiers in Education series from the State University of New York, depicts community colleges as "cultural texts," addressing the question of whether, and how, community colleges confront the challenges of diversity and provide equal opportunities for upward mobility. Its ten chapters include: (1) "Community Colleges as…

  9. A Technical Guide to College Readiness Indicators. College Readiness Indicator Systems (CRIS) Resource Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    University of Chicago Consortium on Chicago School Research, 2014

    2014-01-01

    Districts now have access to a wealth of new information that can help target students with appropriate supports and bring focus and coherence to college readiness efforts. However, the abundance of data has brought its own challenges. Schools and school systems are often overwhelmed with the amount of data available. The capacity of districts to…

  10. Menu of College Readiness Indicators and Supports. College Readiness Indicator Systems (CRIS) Resource Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    John W. Gardner Center for Youth and Their Communities, 2014

    2014-01-01

    School communities across the country are working hard to comply with state and federal policies requiring that all students be prepared for success in college. Technological advances and new reporting requirements make data on students and schools more accessible than ever--but more and better data alone are not enough to meet the challenges…

  11. The 2012/2013 Seismic Crisis of Jaen, Spain: a Working Hypothesis Involving Hydroseismicity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Doblas, M.; Aretxabala, A.; Torres, Y.; Benito, B.

    2013-05-01

    An unusual seismic swarm has been striking the Torreperogil-Sabiote Hill (TSH) in southern Spain since October 2012. Its origin is unknown as it is located in an inactive intraplate setting. Last year was hydrologically anomalous in the region with a long-lasting drought period, interrupted by three months of intense rainfalls marking a historical record for the last 25 years. A series of arguments suggest a cause-effect relationship between intense rainfall and seismicity (hydroseismicity): 1) Earthquakes began one month after heavy precipitations and they basically peak together if one observes the regional record since 2010 (other isolated seismic events occurring before also coincided with rainfall). 2) The seismic swarm of the TSH is unusual: more than 2000 minor events concentrate in a 10km-diameter subcircular area with low magnitudes and depths (1.0 to 3.7 Mw, between 0 and 5 km) often accompanied by "natural explosive sounds" and migrating spatially with time. 3) The geological structure of the TSH is particularly favorable to the downwards percolation of water towards a series of short fault segments in the basement, thus contributing to lubricate/activate them. It is constituted by a massive edifice up to 750 m thick of upper Miocene detrital sediments defining a bowl-shaped depocenter, underlain by a "gruyere-like" basement with cavernous-like Triassic evaporitic Keuper facies capped by karstified Jurassic carbonates, transected by minor faults beneath the depocenter. 4) The main aquifer located within the Jurassic carbonates (between 500 and 800 m) has been severely overexploited for the past 20 years by numerous irrigation wells; 5) the maximum concentration of water wells, as well as the main recharge area and convergent subterranean water-fluxes of this aquifer seem to coincide spatially with the subcicular seismic area. We suggest a mixed (natural and induced) hydroseismic hypothesis for the TSH seismic swarms: 1) According to Assumpcao et al

  12. The vertical structure of upper ocean variability at the Porcupine Abyssal Plain during 2012-2013.

    PubMed

    Damerell, Gillian M; Heywood, Karen J; Thompson, Andrew F; Binetti, Umberto; Kaiser, Jan

    2016-05-01

    This study presents the characterization of variability in temperature, salinity and oxygen concentration, including the vertical structure of the variability, in the upper 1000 m of the ocean over a full year in the northeast Atlantic. Continuously profiling ocean gliders with vertical resolution between 0.5 and 1 m provide more information on temporal variability throughout the water column than time series from moorings with sensors at a limited number of fixed depths. The heat, salt and dissolved oxygen content are quantified at each depth. While the near surface heat content is consistent with the net surface heat flux, heat content of the deeper layers is driven by gyre-scale water mass changes. Below ∼150m, heat and salt content display intraseasonal variability which has not been resolved by previous studies. A mode-1 baroclinic internal tide is detected as a peak in the power spectra of water mass properties. The depth of minimum variability is at ∼415m for both temperature and salinity, but this is a depth of high variability for oxygen concentration. The deep variability is dominated by the intermittent appearance of Mediterranean Water, which shows evidence of filamentation. Susceptibility to salt fingering occurs throughout much of the water column for much of the year. Between about 700-900 m, the water column is susceptible to diffusive layering, particularly when Mediterranean Water is present. This unique ability to resolve both high vertical and temporal variability highlights the importance of intraseasonal variability in upper ocean heat and salt content, variations that may be aliased by traditional observing techniques.

  13. The vertical structure of upper ocean variability at the Porcupine Abyssal Plain during 2012-2013

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Damerell, Gillian M.; Heywood, Karen J.; Thompson, Andrew F.; Binetti, Umberto; Kaiser, Jan

    2016-05-01

    This study presents the characterization of variability in temperature, salinity and oxygen concentration, including the vertical structure of the variability, in the upper 1000 m of the ocean over a full year in the northeast Atlantic. Continuously profiling ocean gliders with vertical resolution between 0.5 and 1 m provide more information on temporal variability throughout the water column than time series from moorings with sensors at a limited number of fixed depths. The heat, salt and dissolved oxygen content are quantified at each depth. While the near surface heat content is consistent with the net surface heat flux, heat content of the deeper layers is driven by gyre-scale water mass changes. Below ˜150m, heat and salt content display intraseasonal variability which has not been resolved by previous studies. A mode-1 baroclinic internal tide is detected as a peak in the power spectra of water mass properties. The depth of minimum variability is at ˜415m for both temperature and salinity, but this is a depth of high variability for oxygen concentration. The deep variability is dominated by the intermittent appearance of Mediterranean Water, which shows evidence of filamentation. Susceptibility to salt fingering occurs throughout much of the water column for much of the year. Between about 700-900 m, the water column is susceptible to diffusive layering, particularly when Mediterranean Water is present. This unique ability to resolve both high vertical and temporal variability highlights the importance of intraseasonal variability in upper ocean heat and salt content, variations that may be aliased by traditional observing techniques.

  14. Estimated deaths and illnesses averted during fungal meningitis outbreak associated with contaminated steroid injections, United States, 2012-2013.

    PubMed

    Smith, Rachel M; Derado, Gordana; Wise, Matthew; Harris, Julie R; Chiller, Tom; Meltzer, Martin I; Park, Benjamin J

    2015-06-01

    During 2012-2013, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and partners responded to a multistate outbreak of fungal infections linked to methylprednisolone acetate (MPA) injections produced by a compounding pharmacy. We evaluated the effects of public health actions on the scope of this outbreak. A comparison of 60-day case-fatality rates and clinical characteristics of patients given a diagnosis on or before October 4, the date the outbreak was widely publicized, with those of patients given a diagnosis after October 4 showed that an estimated 3,150 MPA injections, 153 cases of meningitis or stroke, and 124 deaths were averted. Compared with diagnosis after October 4, diagnosis on or before October 4 was significantly associated with a higher 60-day case-fatality rate (28% vs. 5%; p<0.0001). Aggressive public health action resulted in a substantially reduced estimated number of persons affected by this outbreak and improved survival of affected patients.

  15. The effusive-explosive transitions at Rokatenda 2012-2013: unloading by extrusion of degassed magma with lateral gas flow

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Primulyana, Sofyan; Bani, Philipson; Harris, Andrew

    2017-02-01

    Between October 2012 and August 2013, Rokatenda, one of the most poorly understood volcanoes in Indonesia, entered a phase of intense eruptive activity which involved extrusion of viscous lava, gas discharge and explosive activity. During the 10-month-long eruption, a lava volume of 2-5 × 106 m3 was extruded at mean output rate of 0.3 m3 s-1, with 2 to 3-month-long high extrusion rate phases being terminated by explosive events. Extrusion built a lava dome attaining a maximum height of ˜80 m above the crater rim, with a basal width of about 250 m. The composition of the 2012-2013 lava dome is comparable to that of the 1980 lava dome, both being andesite-trachydacite. Mineralogically, the 2012-2013 lava dome is mainly composed of plagioclase, pyroxene and an undetermined opaque mineral. Halogens released during eruption are consistent with the extrusion being fed, at least in the first eruption phase, by a degassed magma. This resulted in the formation of a dense, viscous plug in the conduit that led to a lateral gas flow, with gasses escaping around the plug to form multiple craters surrounding the dome. During the course of the eruptive activity, degassed magma was progressively forced out of the vent to unload deeper magma and force the system into an explosive phase. Such a scenario has occurred in the past at Rokatenda and is likely to be repeated in the future and creates an activity pattern that may be used to characterize such systems.

  16. Cold homes are associated with poor biomarkers and less blood pressure check-up: English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, 2012-2013.

    PubMed

    Shiue, Ivy

    2016-04-01

    It has been known that outdoor temperature influences seasonal fluctuation of blood pressure and cholesterol levels, but the role of indoor temperature has been less studied. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine the associations between indoor temperature and biomarkers in a countrywide and population-based setting. Data was retrieved from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, 2012-2013. Information on demographics, room temperature and a series of biomarkers measured in the blood and lung was obtained at household interviews. t test, chi-square test and a generalized linear model were performed cross-sectionally. Of 7997 older adults with the valid indoor temperature measurements, there were 1301 (16.3%) people who resided in cold homes (<18 °C). Age was inversely associated with people who resided in cold homes or who tended not to have blood pressure check-up. Those who resided in cold homes had higher blood pressure readings, worse handgrip, lower vitamin D levels, higher cholesterol levels, higher insulin-like growth factor levels, higher haemoglobin levels, lower level of white blood cell count and worse lung conditions. One in six older adults aged 50 and above in England resided in cold homes and had poor biomarker values. For the future research direction, studies with a longitudinal approach to systematically monitor indoor temperature, biomarkers and health and wellbeing would be suggested. From the practice and policy perspectives, increasing health knowledge on the adverse effect of low indoor temperature on risks of cardiac and respiratory conditions, affording to the heating and re-designing of residential buildings to keep warm by using efficient energy, should be kept as priority.

  17. Wind-driven coastal-trapped waves off southern Tamaulipas and northern Veracruz, western Gulf of Mexico, during winter 2012-2013

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rivas, David

    2017-02-01

    Four months of observations from a near-coastal mooring, deployed off southern Tamaulipas-northern Veracruz coast (western Gulf of Mexico) during winter 2012-2013, provide velocity and pressure series in a coastal region where apparently no in-situ measurements have been formally reported. The observations show numerous events of intense alongshore velocities with magnitudes typically exceeding 30 cm s-1, related to intensified winds associated with cold fronts invading the western Gulf during fall-winter, via coastal-trapped motions coming from northern locations. These motions can be explained by a time-dependent coastal-trapped wave (CTW) mode, using a phase speed (∼4 m s-1) which is consistent with analyses of correlation/lag of historical sea level data, CTW dynamic modes, and sensitivity to such a phase speed. The CTW time-dependent mode reproduces most of the variability of the sea level and hence the alongshore barotropic velocity observed at the mooring, and it can also be used to estimate the contribution of remote regions to the variance observed at the central portion of the western Gulf (the mooring's location). More than half of that variance is generated in the southernmost coast of Texas and northernmost coast of Tamaulipas, and ∼40% is generated in the central and southern portions of Tamaulipas coast. Thus, the method described in this paper is useful not only to explain the near-coastal flow variability but it also presents the potential predictability of intensified-flow events in the western Gulf of Mexico.

  18. A Statistical Profile of the Entering Class at Broome Community College, Fall 1983: Student Characteristics, Needs and Goals. Working Paper Series No. 1-85.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romano, Richard M., Comp.

    Broome Community College (BCC) is developing a series of questionnaires to assess the impact of college on its students, and to measure the college's role, if any, in promoting social mobility. The first study in this series focused on the backgrounds, needs, and goals of students who entered BCC during June, July, and August of 1983. Students who…

  19. Group 8: Student Support Professionals. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  20. Group 12: Related Service Providers. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  1. Group 6: Shared Special Subject Teachers. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  2. Group 16: Mentor Teachers. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  3. Group 3b: Special Education Teachers--Early Childhood Education. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  4. Group 15: Instructional Coaches. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  5. Group 11: School-Based Social Workers. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  6. Group 13: Special Education Coordinators. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  7. Group 11a: School-Based Psychologists. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  8. Group 14: Program Coordinators and Deans. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  9. Group 19: Custodial Staff. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  10. Group 17: Educational Aides. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  11. Group 5: Itinerant English Language Learner (ELL) Teachers. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  12. Group 3: Special Education Teachers. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  13. Group 9: Library Media Specialists. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  14. Group 18: Office Staff. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  15. Group 20: All Other School-Based Personnel. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  16. Group 7: Visiting Instruction Service (VIS) Teachers. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  17. Group 3a: Special Education Teachers--Autism Program. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  18. Group 10: Counselors. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  19. Group 2a: Early Childhood Education Teachers. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  20. Group 4: Non-Itinerant English Language Learner (ELL) Teachers. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  1. Ocean deep convection in the Mediterranean sea: 2012-2013 case study in the Gulf of Lions, from observations to multi-scale modelling.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Waldman, Robin; Somot, Samuel; Herrmann, Marine; Sevault, Florence; Caniaux, Guy; Giordani, Hervé; Testor, Pierre; Estournel, Claude

    2015-04-01

    Ocean deep convection is a major process of interaction between surface and deep ocean, it indeed plays a major role in ocean heat and CO2 uptake in a warming climate, sea level rise and nutrient storage for marine biology. In this study, ocean deep convection is investigated in the Gulf of Lions, the main deep water formation (DWF) site in the Western Mediterranean sea. Recent observations in the frame of MOOSE, HyMeX and Mermex programmes allow for a thorough analysis of 2012-2013 convective year. The Mediterranean sea model NEMOMED12 ( 6km resolution) with its grid refinement ( 2km) is used as a numerical tool to characterize and understand ocean deep convection in 2012-2013. The model is initialized on august 1st 2012 using an ensemble of gridded reanalyses based on in situ observations (MOOSE 2012 ship cruise). The atmospheric forcing ALADIN-Climate is a dynamical downscaling of the ERA-INTERIM reanalysis at 12km and 3hr resolution over the 2012-2013 period. Near-Atlantic ocean conditions are damped towards ORAS4 reanalysis and river and Black Sea freshwater inflows are prescribed from climatologies. An assessment of large-scale convection is done for 2012-2013 year in NEMOMED12 and observations, allowing for a characterization of its chronology, intensity, location as well as the hydrology of the main water masses involved. This study addresses the respective impacts of atmospheric forcing, ocean preconditionning and mesoscale resolution to deep convection.

  2. 77 FR 18296 - Notice of U.S. Hosting of 2012-2013 United States-Mexico Binational Bridges and Border Crossings...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-27

    ... Mexican Affairs' Border Affairs Unit via email at WHA-BorderAffairs@state.gov or by mail at WHA/MEX--Room... Palazzolo of the Office of Mexican Affairs' Border Affairs Unit at 202-647-1202 or via email at WH-Border... of U.S. Hosting of 2012-2013 United States-Mexico Binational Bridges and Border Crossings...

  3. Physics Masters One Year after Degree: Results from the Follow-Up Survey of Master's Recipients, Classes of 2012, 2013, & 2014 Combined. Focus On

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pold, Jack; Mulvey, Patrick

    2015-01-01

    Exiting physics master's recipients from the classes of 2012, 2013, and 2014 combined pursued a variety of different post-degree outcomes. Initial outcomes differed greatly depending on citizenship. The majority of US citizens were in the workforce following the receipt of their master's degrees. In contrast, the majority of non-US citizens…

  4. The Prevalence and Associated Factors of Periodontitis According to Fasting Plasma Glucose in the Korean Adults: The 2012-2013 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

    PubMed

    Hong, Jae Won; Noh, Jung Hyun; Kim, Dong-Jun

    2016-04-01

    Although the relationship between diabetes and periodontitis is well established, the association between periodontitis and prediabetes has been investigated less extensively. Furthermore, there has been little research on the prevalence of periodontitis among individuals with prediabetes and diabetes as well as in the overall population using nationally representative data.Among 12,406 adults (≥19 years' old) who participated in the 2012-2013 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a total of 9977 subjects completed oral and laboratory examinations and were included in this analysis. Periodontitis was defined as a community periodontal index score of ≥ 3 according to the World Health Organization criteria. The fasting plasma glucose level was categorized into the following 5 groups: normal fasting glucose (NFG) 1 (<90  mg/dL), NFG 2 (90-99  mg/dL), impaired fasting glucose (IFG) 1 (100-110  mg/dL), IFG 2 (111-125  mg/dL), and diabetes (≥126  mg/dL).Overall, the weighted prevalence of periodontitis among the Korean adult population was 24.8% (23.3-26.4%) (weight n = 8,455,952/34,086,014). The unadjusted weighted prevalences of periodontitis were 16.7%, 22.8%, 29.6%, 40.7%, and 46.7% in the NFG 1, NFG 2, IFG 1, IFG 2, and diabetes groups, respectively (P < 0.001). After adjusting for age, sex, smoking history, heavy alcohol drinking, college graduation, household income, waist circumference, serum triglyceride level, serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level, and the presence of hypertension, the adjusted weighted prevalence of periodontitis increased to 29.7% in the IFG 2 group (P = 0.045) and 32.5% in the diabetes group (P < 0.001), compared with the NFG 1 group (24%). The odds ratios for periodontitis with the above-mentioned variables as covariates were 1.42 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.14-1.77, P = 0.002) in the diabetes group and 1.33 (95% CI 1.01-1.75, P = 0.044) in the IFG 2 group

  5. Prevalence of Hookah Smoking and Its Related Factors Among Students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, 2012 - 2013

    PubMed Central

    Abbasi-Ghahramanloo, Abbas; Rahimi-Movaghar, Afarin; Zeraati, Hojjat; Safiri, Saeid; Fotouhi, Akbar

    2016-01-01

    Background Hookah smoking has increased worldwide, especially among young people. Objectives The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of hookah use and related factors in a sample of Iranian students of medical sciences. Materials and Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1992 randomly selected sample of students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences during 2012 - 2013. A multistage sampling method was used and anonymous structured questionnaires were distributed to the students of each selected class. Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test and multiple binary logistic regression analyses were performed and P < 0.05 was considered as a significance level. Results Lifetime, last year and last month prevalence rates of hookah smoking were 26.6% (95% CI: 24.7 - 28.6), 17.8% (95% CI: 16.1 - 19.5) and 8.9% (95% CI: 7.7 - 10.2), respectively. The results of logistic regression model showed that male gender [odds ratio (OR) = 2.8, 95% CI: 1.86 - 4.21], cigarette smoking in the past year (OR = 5.6, 95% CI: 3.21 - 9.83), alcohol use in the past year (OR = 7.4, 95% CI: 4.01 - 13.06), cigarette or hookah smoking in the family members (OR = 1.7, 95% CI: 1.13 - 2.51), cigarette or hookah smoking among friends (OR = 4.4, 95% CI: 2.69 - 7.33), alcohol use by friends in the past year (OR = 1.9, 95% CI: 1.20 - 3.14), and illicit substance use among friends (OR = 2.2, 95% CI: 1.22 - 4.05) were associated with hookah smoking. Conclusions The results of our study indicate a relatively high prevalence of hookah smoking among Iranian students. The findings emphasize the importance of planning preventive interventions by considering different high-risk behaviors simultaneously. PMID:27803724

  6. Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli in Meat and Vegetable Products in Emilia Romagna Region, Years 2012-2013

    PubMed Central

    Taddei, Roberta; Nocera, Lucia; Ricchi, Matteo; Merialdi, Giuseppe

    2015-01-01

    In 2012-2013 Emilia-Romagna Region introduced a monitoring plan for Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) in foodstuff. Six hundred eighty-nine meat samples and 273 fruit and vegetable products were analyzed according to ISOTS13136. Pre-enriched samples were tested by multiplex real time PCR targeting the virulence genes eae, stx1 and stx2. Stx2 positive samples were investigated for the presence of serogroup O104 associated gene. O103, O111, O145, O157, O26 associated genes were tested on samples positive for stx in association with eae gene. Isolation of E. coli strains was attempted from samples positive for serogroup-associated genes. Thirty-four meat products (4.9%) resulted positive for stx1 and/or stx2 genes and 46 (6.7%) for stx1 and/or stx2 genes in association with eae gene. Forty-five (6.5%) samples resulted positive at least at one serogroup. Serogroup O103, O104, O111, O145, O157 and O26 genes were detected respectively in 1.3, 0.3, 0.1, 3.9, 2.9 and 2.5% samples; 0.6% samples resulted positive for STEC isolation (2 E. coli O103 and 2 E. coli O157). It is worth noting that STEC virulence genes were detected at high frequency (19%) in fresh pork meat sausages. Four (1.5%) vegetable samples were positive for stx1 and/or stx2 genes and 1 (0.4%) for stx1 and/or stx2 genes in association with eae gene; none resulted positive for the tested serogroups. Only a low number of samples positive by molecular methods were confirmed by cultural isolation. It is therefore of the uttermost importance for appropriate risk management, to be fully aware of the meaning of the analytical result. PMID:27800377

  7. Survey of period variations of superhumps in SU UMa-type dwarf novae. V. The fifth year (2012-2013)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kato, Taichi; Hambsch, Franz-Josef; Maehara, Hiroyuki; Masi, Gianluca; Nocentini, Francesca; Dubovsky, Pavol A.; Kudzej, Igor; Imamura, Kazuyoshi; Ogi, Minako; Tanabe, Kenji; Akazawa, Hidehiko; Krajci, Thomas; Miller, Ian; de Miguel, Enrique; Henden, Arne; Noguchi, Ryo; Ishibashi, Takehiro; Ono, Rikako; Kawabata, Miho; Kobayashi, Hiroshi; Sakai, Daisuke; Nishino, Hirochika; Furukawa, Hisami; Masumoto, Kazunari; Matsumoto, Katsura; Littlefield, Colin; Ohshima, Tomohito; Nakata, Chikako; Honda, Satoshi; Kinugasa, Kenzo; Hashimoto, Osamu; Stein, William; Pickard, Roger D.; Kiyota, Seiichiro; Pavlenko, Elena P.; Antonyuk, Oksana I.; Baklanov, Aleksei V.; Antonyuk, Kirill; Samsonov, Denis; Pit, Nikolaj; Sosnovskij, Aleksei; Oksanen, Arto; Harlingten, Caisey; Tyyskä, Jenni; Monard, Berto; Shugarov, Sergey Yu.; Chochol, Drahomir; Kasai, Kiyoshi; Maeda, Yutaka; Hirosawa, Kenji; Itoh, Hiroshi; Sabo, Richard; Ulowetz, Joseph; Morelle, Etienne; Michel, Raúl; Suárez, Genaro; James, Nick; Dvorak, Shawn; Voloshina, Irina B.; Richmond, Michael; Staels, Bart; Boyd, David; Andreev, Maksim V.; Parakhin, Nikolai; Katysheva, Natalia; Miyashita, Atsushi; Nakajima, Kazuhiro; Bolt, Greg; Padovan, Stefano; Nelson, Peter; Starkey, Donn R.; Buczynski, Denis; Starr, Peter; Goff, William N.; Denisenko, Denis; Kochanek, Christopher S.; Shappee, Benjamin; Stanek, Krzysztof Z.; Prieto, José L.; Itagaki, Koh-ichi; Kaneko, Shizuo; Stubbings, Rod; Muyllaert, Eddy; Shears, Jeremy; Schmeer, Patrick; Poyner, Gary; Rodríguez-Marco, Miguel

    2014-04-01

    Continuing the project described in Kato et al. (2009, PASJ, 61, S395), we collected times of superhump maxima for SU UMa-type dwarf novae mainly observed during the 2012-2013 season. We found three objects (V444 Peg, CSS J203937, and MASTER J212624) having strongly positive period derivatives despite the long orbital period (Porb). By using the period of growing stage (stage A) superhumps, we obtained mass ratios for six objects. We characterized nine new WZ Sge-type dwarf novae. We made a pilot survey of the decline rate in the slowly fading parts of SU UMa-type and WZ Sge-type outbursts. The decline time scale was found to generally follow an expected P_orb^{1/4} dependence, and WZ Sge-type outbursts also generally follow this trend. There are some objects which show slower decline rates, and we consider these objects good candidates for period bouncers. We also studied unusual behavior in some objects, including BK Lyn which made a transition from an ER UMa-type state to a novalike (standstill) state in 2013, and unusually frequent occurrences of superoutbursts in NY Ser and CR Boo. We applied the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (Lasso) power spectral analysis, which has been proven to be very effective in analyzing the Kepler data, to the ground-based photometry of BK Lyn, and detected a dramatic disappearance of the signal of negative superhumps in 2013. We suggested that the mass-transfer rates did not strongly vary between the ER UMa-type state and novalike state in BK Lyn, and this transition was less likely caused by a systematic variation of the mass-transfer rate.

  8. Solar wind driving of ionosphere-thermosphere responses in three storms near St. Patrick's Day in 2012, 2013, and 2015

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Verkhoglyadova, O. P.; Tsurutani, B. T.; Mannucci, A. J.; Mlynczak, M. G.; Hunt, L. A.; Paxton, L. J.; Komjathy, A.

    2016-09-01

    We identify interplanetary plasma regions associated with three intense interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs)-driven geomagnetic storm intervals which occurred around the same time of the year: day of year 74-79 (March) of 2012, 2013, and 2015. We show that differences in solar wind drivers lead to different dynamical ionosphere-thermosphere (IT) responses and to different preconditioning of the IT system. We introduce a new hourly based global metric for average low-latitude and northern middle-latitude vertical total electron content responses in the morning, afternoon, and evening local time ranges, derived from measurements from globally distributed Global Navigation Satellite System ground stations. Our novel technique of estimating nitric oxide (NO) cooling radiation in 11° latitudinal zones is based on Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED)/Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) measurements. The thermospheric cooling throughout the storm phases is studied with this high latitudinal resolution for the first time. Additionally, TIMED/Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI) observations of the dynamical response of the thermospheric composition (O/N2 ratio) are utilized to study negative ionospheric storm effects. Based on these data sets, we describe and quantify distinct IT responses to driving by ICME sheaths, magnetic clouds, coronal loop remnants, plasma discontinuities, and high-speed streams following ICMEs. Our analysis of coupling functions indicates strong connection between coupling with the solar wind and IT system response in ICME-type storms and also some differences. Knowledge of interplanetary features is crucial for understanding IT storm dynamics.

  9. Polar stratospheric clouds over Finland in the 2012/2013 Arctic winter measured by two Raman lidars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hoffmann, Anne; Giannakaki, Eleni; Kivi, Rigel; Schrems, Otto; Immler, Franz; Komppula, Mika

    2013-04-01

    Already in December 2012, the Arctic stratospheric vortex reached temperatures sufficiently low for polar stratospheric cloud (PSC) formation over wide areas of Northern Europe and whole Finland. Within Finland, stratospheric aerosol lidar measurements have been and are performed with two Raman lidar systems, the PollyXT, owned by the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) and situated well below the Arctic circle close to Kuopio (63 N, 27 E) and the MARL lidar owned by the Alfred-Wegener-Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI), and situated at the FMI Arctic Research Centre in Sodankylä (67 N, 26 E). The PollyXT has been designed as an autonomous tropospheric lidar system, but it has proven to be able to detect aerosol backscatter and depolarization at least as high up as 25 km. Measurements are ongoing as far as low clouds allow for stratospheric analysis with both lidars until the end of PSC season in February. For the winter 2012/2013, PSC occurrence frequency, types and characteristics will be determined. Comparative analysis with Calipso lidar profiles covering Finland will be performed. Preliminary results from December 17-24 show PSCs detected in Kuopio during seven days with the PollyXT lidar. The altitude of the clouds varied in the range of 17-25 km. In Sodankylä the measurements were running on one day during the period and PSCs were observed between altitudes 17-25 km. For the same time period (December 17-24, 2012) CALIPSO has observed stratospheric layers at all overpasses over Finland (9 tracks on five days). The clouds were observed between 18.5 and 26 km, with varying geometric and optical thickness.

  10. Next Steps for the Community College. New Directions for Community Colleges. The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bers, Trudy H., Ed.; Calhoun, Harriott D., Ed.

    2002-01-01

    This spring 2002 issue of New Directions for Community Colleges reviews recent research on topics of importance to two-year colleges and identifies challenges and practical solutions. The 10 chapters include the following: (1) "Literature on Community Colleges: An Overview" (Trudy H. Bers and Harriott D. Calhoun); (2) "Transfer Rates: A…

  11. College-Bound Digest, 1982-83: A Series of Thought-Provoking, Educational Articles for College-Bound Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educational Communications, Inc., Lake Forest, IL.

    Fourteen articles are directed to college-bound students regarding student financial aid information, the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), advanced placement and credit by examination, college selection, types of colleges, choosing a major, and earning power after graduation. Techniques and publications that may help students gather accurate…

  12. Monitoring of the volcanic rock compositions during the 2012-2013 fissure eruption at Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Volynets, Anna O.; Edwards, Benjamin R.; Melnikov, Dmitry; Yakushev, Anton; Griboedova, Irina

    2015-12-01

    Here we present the results from monitoring of the composition of rocks produced during the 2012-2013 fissure eruption at Tolbachik volcano (FTE). Major and trace element concentrations in 75 samples are reported. Products of this eruption are represented by high alumina basaltic trachyandesites with higher alkalis and titanium contents than in all previously studied rocks of the Tolbachik monogenetic volcanic field. Rocks erupted during the first three days (27-30 November) from the northern (also called Menyailov) group of vents are the most silica- and alkali-rich (SiO2 concentrations up to 55.35 wt.% and K2O up to 2.67 wt.%). From December onwards, when the eruptive activity switched from the Menyailov vents to the southern (Naboko) group of vents, silica content dropped by 2 wt.%, concentrations of MgO, FeO, TiO2 and Mg# increased, and K2O and Na2O concentrations and K2O/MgO ratio decreased. For the rest of the eruption the compositions of rocks remained constant and homogeneous; no systematic compositional differences between lava, bombs and scoria samples are evident. Trace element distributions in the rocks of the Menyailov and Naboko vent lavas are relatively uniform; Menyailov lavas have slightly higher Th, Nb, Hf, Y, and HREE concentrations than the Naboko vent lavas at more or less constant element ratios. We explain the initial change in geochemistry by tapping of a slightly cooler and fractionated (~ 3% Mt and 8% Cpx) upper part of the magma storage zone before the main storage area began to feed the eruption. Thermodynamic constraints show that apparent liquidus temperatures varied from 1142 °C to 1151 °C, and thermodynamic modeling shows that variations in compositions are consistent with a high degree of low pressure (100-300 MPa), nominally anhydrous fractionation of a parent melt compositionally similar to the 1975 Northern Breakthrough high-Mg basalt. Geochemistry, petrological observations and modeling are in agreement with the newly erupted

  13. Causes of Tinnitus in Patients Referred to ENT Clinic of Imam Khomeini Hospital in Urmia, 2012-2013

    PubMed Central

    Samarei, R.; Fatholahi, N.

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Tinnitus includes all the sounds perceived by the patient, without any external stimulus that affects all aspects of life; there is no cure for most patients. Given that tinnitus and hearing of the ear are common complaints of patients in clinics and due to the impossibility of cure at the present time, it is necessary to set up common causes of tinnitus to solve social problems and present optimal solutions. The purpose of this study was to determine the causes of tinnitus in patients referred to ENT Clinic of Imam Khomeini Hospital in Urmia, 2012-2013. Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional analytic study that was performed on 184 patients with tinnitus referred to ENT clinic of Imam Khomeini Hospital, Urmia. After examination, audiometry performed and questionnaires of tinnitus patients were completed. The results were analyzed by statistical SPSS software. Results: The study included 111 males and 73 females and the mean age was 50.6 years. 168 patients (91.3%) had non-pulsatile tinnitus and the rest had pulsatile tinnitus. The mean hearing loss in patients was 31.4 dB, 79.9% were of sensory neurons kind, and 12.5% of patients did not show any hearing loss in audiometry. In total, 90.2% of the cases were detected; most causes of tinnitus were noise (19.6%), ototoxicity (16.8%) and presbycusis (16.3%). The most common causes of tinnitus were noise with 31.5% in males and ototoxicity with 27.4% in females. Between age and hearing loss of patients, there was a significant relationship (0.001> P-value), but there was no significant relationship between gender and degree of hearing loss. Discussion: The most common cause of tinnitus (NIHL) is quite predictable, except by accident, you can completely avoid by reducing noise levels on the source and ear protection. By reasonable prescription of ototoxic medications particularly antibiotics can reduce the prevalence of tinnitus that causes sleep disorders and concentration problems, depression

  14. Metal enrichment of soils following the April 2012-2013 eruptive activity of the Popocatépetl volcano, Puebla, Mexico.

    PubMed

    Rodriguez-Espinosa, P F; Jonathan, M P; Morales-García, S S; Villegas, Lorena Elizabeth Campos; Martínez-Tavera, E; Muñoz-Sevilla, N P; Cardona, Miguel Alvarado

    2015-11-01

    We analyzed the total (Zn, Pb, Ni, Hg, Cr, Cd, Cu, As) and partially leachable metals (PLMs) in 25 ash and soil samples from recent (2012-2013) eruptions of the Popocatépetl Volcano in Central Mexico. More recent ash and soil samples from volcanic activity in 2012-2013 had higher metal concentrations than older samples from eruptions in 1997 suggesting that the naturally highly volatile and mobile metals leach into nearby fresh water sources. The higher proportions of As (74.72%), Zn (44.64%), Cu (42.50%), and Hg (32.86%) reflect not only their considerable mobility but also the fact that they are dissolved and accumulated quickly following an eruption. Comparison of our concentration patterns with sediment quality guidelines indicates that the Cu, Cd, Cr, Hg, Ni, and Pb concentrations are higher than permissible limits; this situation must be monitored closely as these concentrations may reach lethal levels in the future.

  15. Where Tenure Does Not Reign: Colleges with Contract Systems. New Pathways: Faculty Career and Employment for the 21st Century Working Paper Series Inquiry #3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chait, Richard; Trower, Cathy A.

    Colleges without tenure are rare; in the United States 97 percent of research universities and 99 percent of four-year public colleges offer tenure. This study, one in a series about the priorities of the professoriate, examines the 9 percent of private colleges that operate without tenure; some are highly specialized professional schools, others…

  16. Can a Television Series Change Attitudes about Death? A Study of College Students and "Six Feet Under"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schiappa, Edward; Gregg, Peter B.; Hewes, Dean E.

    2004-01-01

    This study examined the effects of viewing 10 episodes of the television series "Six Feet Under" to assess whether such programming could influence college students' attitudes about death and dying. Students were administered the Death Attitude Profile--Revised, the Multidimensional Fear of Death Scale, and the short version of the…

  17. The New Vocationalism in Community Colleges. New Directions for Community Colleges. The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bragg, Debra D., Ed.

    2001-01-01

    The fall 2001 issue of New Directions for Community Colleges discusses the changes in policy and practice of vocational education at community colleges. The 10 chapters included in this volume are: (1) "Opportunities and Challenges for the New Vocationalism" by Debra D. Bragg; (2) "The Role of Leadership in Successful Vocational Initiatives" by…

  18. Lower Costs, Higher Returns: UNCF HBCUs in a High-Priced College Environment. Financing African American College Aspirations Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richards, David A. R.

    2014-01-01

    While research consistently shows the earning power of college degrees, those returns are best weighed against the cost of attending post-secondary institutions, historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) included. This study is an update of "Affordability of UNCF-Member Institutions" (2009), and compares the average costs at…

  19. Portals of Entry: University Colleges and Undergraduate Divisions. The Freshman Year Experience. Monograph Series Number 12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strommer, Diane W., Ed.

    This monograph offers seven case studies and supporting papers on university colleges and undergraduate divisions and their role in shaping the freshman college experience. An introductory section offers a preface, information on the authors and a first chapter "University Colleges Today" by Diane W. Strommer which examines the…

  20. Who Goes to College? Differential Enrollment by Race and Family Background. NBER Working Paper Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black, Sandra E.; Sufi, Amir

    While trends in college enrollment for Blacks and Whites have been the subject of study for many years, little attention has been paid to variation in college enrollment by socioeconomic status (SES). It is well documented that, controlling for family background, Blacks are more likely to enroll in college than Whites. This relationship is…

  1. A Case Study of the New York City 2012-2013 Influenza Season With Daily Geocoded Twitter Data From Temporal and Spatiotemporal Perspectives

    PubMed Central

    Yuan, Qingyu; Freifeld, Clark C; Santillana, Mauricio; Nojima, Aaron; Chunara, Rumi; Brownstein, John S

    2014-01-01

    Background Twitter has shown some usefulness in predicting influenza cases on a weekly basis in multiple countries and on different geographic scales. Recently, Broniatowski and colleagues suggested Twitter’s relevance at the city-level for New York City. Here, we look to dive deeper into the case of New York City by analyzing daily Twitter data from temporal and spatiotemporal perspectives. Also, through manual coding of all tweets, we look to gain qualitative insights that can help direct future automated searches. Objective The intent of the study was first to validate the temporal predictive strength of daily Twitter data for influenza-like illness emergency department (ILI-ED) visits during the New York City 2012-2013 influenza season against other available and established datasets (Google search query, or GSQ), and second, to examine the spatial distribution and the spread of geocoded tweets as proxies for potential cases. Methods From the Twitter Streaming API, 2972 tweets were collected in the New York City region matching the keywords “flu”, “influenza”, “gripe”, and “high fever”. The tweets were categorized according to the scheme developed by Lamb et al. A new fourth category was added as an evaluator guess for the probability of the subject(s) being sick to account for strength of confidence in the validity of the statement. Temporal correlations were made for tweets against daily ILI-ED visits and daily GSQ volume. The best models were used for linear regression for forecasting ILI visits. A weighted, retrospective Poisson model with SaTScan software (n=1484), and vector map were used for spatiotemporal analysis. Results Infection-related tweets (R=.763) correlated better than GSQ time series (R=.683) for the same keywords and had a lower mean average percent error (8.4 vs 11.8) for ILI-ED visit prediction in January, the most volatile month of flu. SaTScan identified primary outbreak cluster of high-probability infection tweets with

  2. The sanctuary of Punta Stilo at Kaulonia-Monasterace (Rc, Italy): preliminary results of the close range photogrammetric surveys 2012-2013

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taccola, E.; Parra, M. C.; Ampolo, C.

    2014-06-01

    During the 2012-2013 excavations at the Sanctuary of Punta Stilo at Kaulonia, carried out by the University of Pisa and the Scuola Normale Superiore of Pisa, close range aerial and terrestrial photogrammetric surveys were tested for the first time. The aim of the test was to verify the accuracy of the site planimetry currently used, dating back also to a century ago. The 3D data obtained have allowed new data to be acquired for correcting and updating the mapping of the site.

  3. Can a television series change attitudes about death? A study of college students and Six Feet Under.

    PubMed

    Schiappa, Edward; Gregg, Peter B; Hewes, Dean E

    2004-06-01

    This study examined the effects of viewing 10 episodes of the television series Six Feet Under to assess whether such programming could influence college students' attitudes about death and dying. Students were administered the Death Attitude Profile--Revised, the Multidimensional Fear of Death Scale, and the short version of the Threat Index, prior to and after viewing. Significant changes were found on a number of measures. These results are similar to the effects of didactic death education courses.

  4. Linking Education and Industry at Two-Year Colleges: The Raymond Walters College Experience. NCCSCE Working Paper Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flory, Harriette

    1986-01-01

    At Raymond Walters College (RWC), a two-year branch of the University of Cincinnati, the concept of developing linkages with business and industry began in 1983 with the creation of a new administrative office of Educational Services and a new community advisory board, the RWC Work and Learning Council. Though RWC provides noncredit training in a…

  5. Valuing Diversity on Campus: A Multicultural Approach. College Unions At Work Monograph Series Number 11.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woolbright, Cynthia, Ed.

    The social isolation caused by differing cultural backgrounds of minority students on college campuses creates certain "points of tension" that reduce faculty effectiveness and limit student vision. This monograph attempts to provide a greater awareness and understanding of these issues within the context of the role of college unions and student…

  6. Risky Business: Risk Management, Loss Prevention and Insurance Procurement for Colleges and Universities. NACUA Publication Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennett, Barbara

    No matter what type of insurance or how much actual coverage an individual college or university obtains, it will always pay for its own losses one way or another. This pamphlet is intended to assist colleges and universities to meet that challenge by providing administrators with a structure for analyzing and managing risks and determining the…

  7. Essential Elements in Implementation. College Readiness Indicator Systems (CRIS) Resource Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    John W. Gardner Center for Youth and Their Communities, 2014

    2014-01-01

    Educators nationwide confront a troubling phenomenon: Increasingly, students leave high school unready for college, as evidenced by high rates of placement into remedial courses and low rates of college completion. Many students also lack either the attitudes or skills essential to succeed in a postsecondary setting, or knowledge of how to apply…

  8. Opportunities for Student Development in Two-Year Colleges. Monograph Series, Volume 6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Creamer, Don G., Ed.; Dassance, Charles R., Ed.

    This monograph, addressed primarily to the concerns of practitioners, was written mostly by two-year college practitioners. Chapter 1, "Opportunities in Legacy" (Charles R. Dassance), discusses qualities of the two-year college, its special commitment to guidance of students, and its commitment to teaching as a primary thrust of educational…

  9. College Drinking and Drug Use. The Duke Series in Child Development and Public Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Helene Raskin, Ed.; Rabiner, David L., Ed.

    2011-01-01

    Substance use among college students can result in serious academic and safety problems and have long-term negative repercussions. This state-of-the-art volume draws on the latest research on students' alcohol and drug use to provide useful suggestions for how to address this critical issue on college campuses. Leading researchers from multiple…

  10. Ivy Bound: High-Ability Students and College Choice. Selective Admission Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Litten, Larry H.

    This report examines how students, especially those with high abilities, choose a college based on information from four areas: (1) published research comparing various schools' subjects as well as some unpublished comparative data from various sources; (2) young adult fiction that deals with issues related to college choice; (3) media accounts of…

  11. District Self-Assessment Tool. College Readiness Indicator Systems Resource Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University, 2014

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the "District Self-Assessment Tool" is to provide school district and community stakeholders with an approach for assessing district capacity to support a college readiness indicator system and track progress over time. The tool draws on lessons from the collective implementation experiences of the four College Readiness…

  12. Increasing Access to College: Extending Possibilities for All Students. SUNY Series, Frontiers in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tierney, William G., Ed.; Hagedorn, Linda Serra, Ed.

    This collection of papers examines pre-college enrichment programs that offer a specific remedy to the problem of low income and underrepresented students' access to higher education. The 10 papers are: (1) "Pre-College Outreach Programs: A National Perspective" (Watson Scott Swail and Laura W. Perna); (2) "The Relationship between…

  13. Community College Leadership for the '80s. AACJC Leadership Bookshelf Series, Number 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roueche, John E., Ed.; Baker, George A., III, Ed.

    These essays were prepared by leaders with recognized success in community college and university management, who were asked to share their experiences, the techniques they have found useful, and their personal views about community college leadership. After an introduction by Dale Parnell to the importance of leadership in institutional success,…

  14. Perspective: Community Colleges in the 1980s. Horizon Issues Monograph Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cosand, Joseph P.

    Community colleges are being challenged to plan ahead, and to be aware of and to anticipate the pressures of declining resources, changing student profiles and interests, and more competition for students and funds. In response to changing student characteristics, colleges must begin careful curriculum planning to provide students with transfer,…

  15. A Parents' Guide to Alcohol, Drinking, & Choosing a College. Making a Difference Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapman, Robert J.

    2009-01-01

    Parents have enough to think about as they prepare for their son or daughter's college education without having to worry about drinking or how to prepare him/her for what some think is a "collegiate rite of passage." This guide provides basic information about alcohol, drinking, and college. It includes simple suggestions intended to help prepare…

  16. Learn about and Visit Historic College and University Campuses Using the National Park Service "Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary Series"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shull, Carol D.

    2011-01-01

    The National Park Service actively educates the public about registered historic places on college and university campuses and encourages people to visit them through its "Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary Series." By featuring the historic buildings and grounds of colleges and universities in the itineraries, the National…

  17. An Interrupted Time Series Analysis of the State College Nuisance Property Ordinance and an Assessment of Rental Property Managers as Place Manager/Intimate Handler of Offender

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koehle, Gregory M.

    2011-01-01

    This research involves a legal impact study of the State College Nuisance Property Ordinance and an assessment of State College Rental Property Managers in the role of place manager/intimate handler of offender. The impact of the Ordinance was assessed by employing an interrupted time series design which examined five years of pre-ordinance…

  18. Student Employment: Linking College and the Workplace. The Freshman Year Experience. Monograph Series Number 23.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kincaid, Rick, Ed.

    Thirteen chapters address issues concerning college student employment including the impact of student employment, research on student employment, and making student employment more productive. Chapters include: (1) "Encouraging Student Development Through Student Employment" (Arthur W. Chickering and others); (2) "Career…

  19. Prevalence of Urinary Tract Infection Among Pregnant Women and its Complications in Their Newborns During the Birth in the Hospitals of Dezful City, Iran, 2012 - 2013

    PubMed Central

    Amiri, Marziyeh; Lavasani, Zohreh; Norouzirad, Reza; Najibpour, Reza; Mohamadpour, Masoomeh; Nikpoor, Amin Reza; Raeisi, Mohammad; Zare Marzouni, Hadi

    2015-01-01

    Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common disorder caused by bacterial agents in pregnancy, which can lead to important complications in newborn of such mothers in case of inappropriate diagnosis and treatment. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to study the prevalence of UTI among pregnant women and its complications in their newborns during the birth in the hospitals of Dezful City, Iran, during 2012 - 2013. Patients and Methods: In this cross-sectional retrospective study, 1132 women admitted to Dr. Ganjavian and Ayatollah Nabavi Hospitals in Dezful City, Iran, during 2012 - 2013 were randomly allocated into the case and control groups and were matched based on their age, numbers of pregnancy, sex and diseases of their children. UTI was the only difference between the two groups. Results: Twenty-two thousand six hundred deliveries occurred within the course of this study. Due to UTI, 5% of deliveries led to hospitalization of mothers (1132 patients).Weight and height of newborn infants of mothers afflicted with UTI (P < 0.001) were significantly lower compared to newborns of healthy women (P < 0.001). There was a significant association between the two groups of pregnant women with UTI in terms of type of delivery (normal and caesarean section) (P < 0.008). Conclusions: The lower incidence of UTI in pregnant women compared to other areas of Iran represents the role of climate and weather in the prevalence of UTI. In addition, the increased number of low-birth-weight infants had a remarkable correlation with UTI, which can influence the health of the next generation. PMID:26430526

  20. Trends in Community College Curriculum. New Directions for Community Colleges, Number 108. The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schuyler, Gwyer, Ed.

    1999-01-01

    This issue of "New Directions for Community Colleges" focuses on the community college curriculum. The articles are based on a study of the college catalogs and course schedules from 164 colleges. The featured articles are: (1) "A Historical and Contemporary View of the Community College Curriculum" (Gwyer Schuyler); (2) "The Liberal Arts"…

  1. Building Successful Relationships between Community Colleges and the Media. New Directions for Community Colleges, Number 110. The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daniel, Clifton Truman, Ed.; Hastings, Janel Henriksen, Ed.

    2000-01-01

    This edition of New Directions for Community Colleges describes current relationships between two-year colleges and the media across the country. The issue addresses three themes: the history of community colleges' relationships with press members; media's relationships with community college practitioners; and strategic college marketing through…

  2. Leading the Campaign: Advancing Colleges and Universities. The ACE Series on Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Worth, Michael J.

    2010-01-01

    The ability to lead a campaign is essential to success for today's college or university president. And campaign experience at some level is generally now a prerequisite credential for presidential candidates, as well as deans and other academic leaders, on both public and private campuses. This book discusses fundamental campaign principles, but…

  3. COLLEGE HEALTH SERVICES IN THE UNITED STATES. STUDENT PERSONNEL SERIES NO. 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    FARNSWORTH, DANA L.

    THIS MONOGRAPH ON STUDENT HEALTH SERVICES IN THE UNITED STATES HAS BEEN PREPARED FOR STUDENT PERSONNEL WORKERS WHO NEED INFORMATION ABOUT THE RANGE, SCOPE, AND GUIDING PRINCIPLES OF THESE SERVICES. THE DEVELOPMENT OF COLLEGE HEALTH PROGRAMS, THEIR PRESENT STATUS, AND THEIR RELATIONS WITH MEDICAL SOCIETIES ARE DISCUSSED. CENTRAL FACTORS TO BE…

  4. Modeling the Success of Metropolitan College. The Business-Higher Education Forum's Simulation Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sturtevant, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    "Learn and Earn" programs offer one channel for ameliorating some of the workforce challenges that are of concern. Learn and Earn programs involve partnerships between postsecondary education institutions and employers to provide opportunities for adults to attend college while maintaining their employment. One such example is…

  5. Relationships between EPAS Scores and College Preparatory Course Work in High School. ACT Research Report Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woodruff, David J.

    2003-01-01

    The Educational Planning and Assessment System (EPAS) of the American College Testing Program consists of three testing programs: EXPLORE, PLAN, and the ACT Assessment Program (ACT). EXPLORE is administered in the 8th grade, PLAN in the 10th grade, and the ACT in the 11th or 12th grade. This study investigated relationships among the composite…

  6. College Deans: Leading from within. American Council on Education/Oryx Press Series on Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolverton, Mimi; Gmelch, Walter H.

    This book, based on the National Deans Survey, which was sponsored by the Center for the Study of Academic Leadership and to which 800 deans from all U.S. four-year academic institutions responded, clarifies the nature of the job and its responsibilities. Part 1, Deans--Their Campuses and Colleges, contains two chapters: (1) The Deanship; and (2)…

  7. Issues in Advising the Undecided College Student. The Freshman Year Experience Monograph Series Number 15.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gordon, Virginia N., Ed.

    The purpose of this monograph is to update the research and general information that has been generated about undecided students in the past decade and to offer some practical perspectives on how to administer, advise, and counsel such students. Thirteen chapters include: (1) "A Profile of Undecided College Students" (Willard C.…

  8. Coping with the Disruptive College Student: A Practical Model. The Higher Education Administration Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amada, Gerald

    Those who have dealt with students over a period of years have come to realize that an increasing number of them are disruptive. This book offers alternatives for responding to disruptive students. Solutions are offered from the perspective of a mental health professional with years of experience on a college campus. A code of student conduct is…

  9. Race and Higher Education: Rethinking Pedagogy in Diverse College Classrooms. Harvard Educational Review Reprint Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howell, Annie, Ed.; Tuitt, Frank, Ed.

    This collection, reprinted from the "Harvard Educational Review," is designed to help educators understand how the changing demographics of the college and university students in this country have complicated the manner in which higher education institutions think about what it means to teach in racially diverse classrooms. Part 1, "Racial and…

  10. Organizing for Student Success: The University College Model. The First Year Experience Monograph Series No. 53

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evenbeck, Scott E.; Jackson, Barbara; Smith, Maggy; Ward, Dorothy

    2010-01-01

    Organizing for Student Success draws on data from more than 50 institutions to provide insight into how university colleges are organized, the initiatives they house, and the practices in place to ensure their effectiveness. Twenty case studies from 15 different campuses offer an in-depth understanding of institutional practice. Ultimately,…

  11. A Provost for Professional Schools and Colleges. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.3.13

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, C. Judson

    2013-01-01

    From 1972 to 1994, the academic administrative structure of the Berkeley campus of the University of California was unusual, in that it involved two Provosts, one who was also Dean of the College of Letters and Science, and another who was responsible for the remainder of the academic units, which were for the most part professional schools and…

  12. The Effects of Instruction on College Nonmajors' Conceptions of Respiration and Photosynthesis. Research Series No. 164.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Charles W.; And Others

    The processes of photosynthesis and respiration are basic to the understanding of many other aspects and functions of biological systems. Because of their curricular significance, these processes served as the focal point in an investigation of student conceptions and instructional effectiveness. In this study, students in a college nonscience…

  13. The Community College: Opportunity and Access for America's First-Year Students. Monograph Series Number 19.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hankin, Joseph N., Ed.

    Focusing on community colleges' role in enrolling students for their first year of postsecondary education, this monograph provides 17 essays on characteristics, programs, and outcomes related to students' freshman year. The following essays are included: (1) "The Freshman Year Experience: A Philosophy for Higher Education in the New Millennium,"…

  14. Program and Service Review. Pima County Community College District Institutional Effectiveness Series: 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pima County Community Coll. District, AZ.

    Program and Service Review (PSR) at Pima Community College in Arizona is a mechanism to provide continuous comprehensive evaluation and improvement of instructional programs and those support functions that directly serve students. The PSR's original statement of philosophy stresses the use of qualitative and quantitative measures to identify how…

  15. Hidden Abilities in Higher Education: New College Students with Disabilities. Monograph Series, Number 21.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walling, Linda Lucas, Ed.

    This monograph presents 11 papers which bring together information to help administrators, faculty, and staff in institutions of higher education better understand the needs of college freshmen and other new students with disabilities, including ways to meet those needs and the legal requirements which affect decision-making about service…

  16. Critical Rainfall Conditions Triggering Shallow Landslides or Debris Flows in Torrents - Analysis of Debris Flow events 2012, 2013 and 2014 in Austria

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moser, Markus; Mehlhorn, Susanne; Janu, Stefan

    2015-04-01

    Generally, debris flows are caused by both small-scale intensive precipitation and long lasting rainfalls with lower intensity but high pre-wetting or both combined. The triggering mechanism of the debris flow events in Austria 2012, 2013 and 2014 were mass movements (rapid shallow landslides) on steep slopes in the upper catchments. Those masses slide with very high velocity into the torrent beds provoking hyperconcentrated flows or debris flows. In areas of the geologically unstable Greywacke zone, the torrents were cleared up onto the bedrock and the debris was deposited in the storage areas of existing debris flow breakers or in torrents without technical protection measures the debris caused catastrophic damage to residential buildings and other infrastructural facilities on the alluvial fan. Following the events, comprehensive documentation work was undertaken comprising precipitation analysis (rainfall data, weather radar data), identification and quantification of the landslide masses, cross profiles along the channel and of deposition in the storage areas or on the fan. The documentation and analysis of torrential events is an essential part of an integrated risk management. It supports the understanding of the occurred processes to mitigate future hazards. Unfortunately, the small-scale heavy rain events are not detected by the precipitation stations. Therefore, weather radar data (INCA-Data) analysis was used to determine the - usually very local - intensities which caused those catastrophic landslides and debris flows. Analysis results showed an agreement with the range of the previously known precipitation thresholds for debris flow triggering in the Alps.

  17. Knowledge and Attitudes Regarding Antibiotic Use Among Adult Consumers, Adult Hispanic Consumers, and Health Care Providers--United States, 2012-2013.

    PubMed

    Francois Watkins, Louise K; Sanchez, Guillermo V; Albert, Alison P; Roberts, Rebecca M; Hicks, Lauri A

    2015-07-24

    Appropriate antibiotic use, in particular avoidance of antibiotics for upper respiratory infections likely to be caused by viruses, is a key component of efforts to slow the increase in antibiotic-resistant infections. Studies suggest that Hispanic consumers might differ from non-Hispanic consumers in their knowledge and attitudes regarding antibiotic use (4). To better understand health care provider and consumer knowledge and attitudes that influence antibiotic use, CDC analyzed national internet survey data collected from participants living in the United States during 2012-2013. The participants represented three groups: 1) the total population of adult consumers (all ethnicities); 2) adult Hispanic consumers; and 3) health care providers. Hispanic consumers were more likely than all consumers to believe that if they have a cold, antibiotics would help them to get better more quickly (48% versus 25%), and more likely to obtain antibiotics not prescribed by a clinician, such as antibiotics left over from a previous illness (25% versus 9%), obtained from a neighborhood grocery store (23% versus 5%), or obtained from a friend or family member (17% versus 6%). Most providers surveyed (54%) reported that they believed their patients expect antibiotics during visits for a cough or cold, whereas 26% of all consumers reported this expectation. To maximize knowledge about appropriate antibiotic use among outpatients in the United States, public health initiatives should target Hispanic as well as general audiences.

  18. Investigating knowledge and attitude of nursing students towards Iranian traditional medicine-case study: universities of Tehran in 2012-2013.

    PubMed

    Khorasgani, Sahar Rabani; Moghtadaie, Leila

    2014-07-29

    The present study aimed at Investigating the knowledge and attitude of Nursing Students towards Iranian Traditional Medicine in universities of Tehran in 2012-2013. 300 students of nursing studying at different universities in Tehran participated in this descriptive, cross-sectional study. The data was collected through a standard questionnaire with an acceptable validity and reliability. The questionnaire was made of five sections including demographic, general knowledge of the Iranian traditional medicine, general attitude towards it, resources of the Iranian traditional medicine and the barriers to it. The results revealed that general knowledge of the students about Iranian traditional medicine and complementary medicine is low. The attitude of the students towards including Iranian traditional medicine and complementary medicine in their curriculum is positive. General attitude of students towards Iranian traditional medicine is positive too. The majority of the participants had not passed any course on Iranian traditional medicine. There was no relationship between participants' attitude towards Iranian traditional medicine and the number of semesters they had passed. Considering the participants' positive attitude and their low level of knowledge, it seems necessary for the university policy makers to provide nursing students with different training courses on Iranian traditional medicine and complementary medicine in order to increase their knowledge.

  19. The results of monitoring of hazardous natural processes in the coastal shelf zone of the gulf of Peter the Great in 2012-2013

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anokhin, Vladimir; Shcherbakov, Victor; Motychko, Victor; Sokolov, Georgy; Kotov, Sergey; Kartashov, Alexander; Anokhina (1)(2), Zoya

    2014-05-01

    The monitoring of hazardous natural processes In coastal and shelf zone of the gulf of Peter the Great (sea of Japan) in 2012-2013 was made by staff of the Gramberg Institute VNIIOKEANGEOLOGIA . The complex of field researches are: - laser scanning beaches (tachometer Leica HDS 3000); - echosounding underwater coastal slope (sounder-Navigator LCX-37C); - high-frequency acoustic profiling (GeoPulse Subbotom Profilier); - hydromagnetic shooting magnetometer SeaSPY Marine Magnetics; - sonar shooting (complex GEO-CM-MAX); - research of the water column (sounding and sampling); - bottom sampling, including gasgeochemical shooting. The result of this work is the following conclusions: 1. As the shore, and the underwater slope of the district are experiencing the preemptive destruction, the areas of which are quantitative and spatially prevail over the stable and accumulate zones (except the shores of the inland parts of bays and gulfs). 2. The rate of destruction of coast in the Gulf of Peter the Great is 1-20 meters for 100 years, that could pose a serious danger to the population and infrastructure. 3. Number of gasgeochemical anomalies on the shelf of the Gulf of Peter the Great spatially associated with fault lines, limiting blocks of the earth's crust within shelf. 4. Perhaps it is these faults are of the greatest seismic hazard in the moment. 5. Danger of themselves gas emissions The following significant hazards and risks to the region have been studied: seismic and tsunami destruction of shore, gas emissions, technogenic pollution.

  20. A comparison of sea surface salinity in the equatorial Pacific Ocean during the 1997-1998, 2012-2013, and 2014-2015 ENSO events

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Corbett, Caroline M.; Subrahmanyam, Bulusu; Giese, Benjamin S.

    2017-02-01

    Sea surface salinity (SSS) variability during the 1997-1998 El Niño event and the failed 2012-2013 and 2014-2015 El Niño events is explored using a combination of observations and ocean reanalyses. Previously, studies have mainly focused on the sea surface temperature (SST) and sea surface height (SSH) variability. This analysis utilizes salinity data from Argo and the Simple Ocean Data Assimilation (SODA) reanalysis to examine the SSS variability. Advective processes and evaporation minus precipitation (E-P) variability is understood to influence SSS variability. Using surface wind, surface current, evaporation, and precipitation data, we analyze the causes for the observed SSS variability during each event. Barrier layer thickness and upper level salt content are also examined in connection to subsurface salinity variability. Both advective processes and E-P variability are important during the generation and onset of a successful El Niño, while a lack of one or both of these processes leads to a failed ENSO event.

  1. Remote sensing and petrological observations on the 2012-2013 fissure eruption at Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka: Implications for reconstruction of the eruption chronology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Melnikov, Dmitry; Volynets, Anna O.

    2015-12-01

    We present a reconstruction of the chronological sequence of events that took place during the first days of the 2012-2013 Tolbachik fissure eruption using petrological data and remote sensing methods. We were forced to use this approach because bad weather conditions did not allow direct observations during the first two days of the eruption. We interpreted infrared images from the scanning radiometer VIIRS Suomi NPP and correlated the output with the results of the geochemical study, including comparison of the ash, deposited at the period from 27 to 29 November, with the samples of lava and bombs erupted from the Menyailov and Naboko vents. We argue that the compositional change observed in the eruption products (the decrease of SiO2 concentration and K2O/MgO ratio, increase of MgO concentration and Mg#) started approximately 24 h after the eruption began. At this time the center of activity moved to the southern part of the fissure, where the Naboko group of vents was formed; therefore, this timeframe also characterizes the timing of the Naboko vent opening. The Naboko group of vents remained active until the end of eruption in September 2013.

  2. Science Education: From Kindergarten Through College (George B. Pegram Lecture Series)

    SciTech Connect

    Alberts, Bruce

    2010-09-14

    Alberts will draw on his two decades of experience in working with elementary and secondary teachers in San Francisco, where he launched a program that pairs college students and faculty with teachers from more than 80 percent of the children’s schools. He has also worked to develop the first national educational science curriculum standards for K-12 education. Currently, he serves as one of three U.S. Science Envoys to the Muslim world for President Obama; his mission includes providing help with science education at all levels through partnerships with U.S. institutions.

  3. Group 2: Grades 1-12 General Education Teachers without Individual Value-Added Student Achievement Data. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  4. Group 1: General Education Teachers with Individual Value-Added Student Achievement Data. IMPACT: The District of Columbia Public Schools Effectiveness Assessment System for School-Based Personnel, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The 2012-2013 school year represents a pivotal juncture for DC Public Schools. Last spring, Mayor Gray and Chancellor Kaya Henderson introduced "A Capital Commitment," their ambitious plan to dramatically accelerate student achievement in the district over the next five years by providing all of their students with a safe, academically…

  5. Evolution of DS-1-like G1P[8] double-gene reassortant rotavirus A strains causing gastroenteritis in children in Vietnam in 2012/2013.

    PubMed

    Nakagomi, Toyoko; Nguyen, Minh Quang; Gauchan, Punita; Agbemabiese, Chantal Ama; Kaneko, Miho; Do, Loan Phuong; Vu, Thiem Dinh; Nakagomi, Osamu

    2017-03-01

    Rotavirus A (RVA) strains, a leading cause of severe gastroenteritis in children worldwide, commonly possess the Wa or DS-1 genotype constellations. During a hospital-based study conducted in Hanoi, Vietnam, in the 2012-2013 rotavirus season, G1P[8] strains with a virtually identical short RNA migration pattern were detected in 20 (14%) of 141 rotavirus-positive samples. Two representatives of these strains were shown by whole-genome sequencing to be double-gene reassortants possessing the genotype constellation of G1-P[8]-I2-R2-C2-M2-A2-N2-T2-E2-H2. Sequencing and a database search revealed that these Vietnamese G1P[8] double-gene reassortant strains shared an immediate ancestor with a locally circulating G2P[4] strain in all of the inner-capsid and non-structural protein genes, whereas they were more closely related in the VP7 and VP4 genes to a Chinese G1P[8] strain and a Chinese G3P[8] strain, respectively, than to locally circulating G1P[8] strains. Despite the marked similarity between Japanese and Thai G1P[8] double-gene reassortant strains, phylogenetic analysis suggested that the Vietnamese and Japanese/Thai G1P[8] double-gene reassortant strains originated from independent reassortment events. Clinically, children infected with Vietnamese G1P[8] double-gene reassortant strains experienced severe diarrhoea, but it was not more severe than that in children infected with ordinary G1P[8] strains. In conclusion, Vietnamese G1P[8] double-gene reassortant strains originated from a locally circulating G2P[4] strain and caused severe diarrhoea, but there was no evidence of increased virulence.

  6. Fermented food intake is associated with a reduced likelihood of atopic dermatitis in an adult population (Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2012-2013).

    PubMed

    Park, Sunmin; Bae, Ji-Hyun

    2016-02-01

    The prevalence of atopic dermatitis (AD) has continuously increased throughout the world in every age group, and the recent increase in AD in Korean adults may be related to changes in nutrient intakes due to westernization of dietary patterns. We hypothesized that the prevalence of AD is associated with the different dietary patterns and fermented food intakes of the Korean adult population. We examined the hypothesis using 9763 adults 19 years or older using the 2012-2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We identified 4 dietary patterns in addition to that including fermented foods using principal component analysis on data obtained from a 116-item validated semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire: meat and processed foods; vegetables, fruits, legumes, seafood, and seaweed; rice and grains; and coffee, chocolate, and ice cream. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for AD were calculated according to dietary patterns after adjusting for potential confounders. High levels of consumption (>92 times/month) of fermented foods such as doenjang, chungkookjang, kimchi, fermented seafood, makgeolli, and beer were associated with a lower prevalence of AD (OR, 0.56; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.37-0.84). In contrast, high levels of consumption of meat and processed foods were strongly associated with the prevalence of AD (OR, 2.42; 95% CI, 1.48-3.94). Interestingly, the consumption of coffee, chocolate, and ice cream was significantly negatively associated with the prevalence of AD (OR, 0.53; 95% CI, 0.34-0.82). In conclusion, the hypothesis was accepted. The results can be applied to nutrition education programs for the general population to decrease risk factors for AD.

  7. Characterization of foot-and-mouth disease viruses (FMDVs) from Ugandan cattle outbreaks during 2012-2013: evidence for circulation of multiple serotypes.

    PubMed

    Namatovu, Alice; Tjørnehøj, Kirsten; Belsham, Graham J; Dhikusooka, Moses T; Wekesa, Sabenzia N; Muwanika, Vincent B; Siegismund, Hans R; Ayebazibwe, Chrisostom

    2015-01-01

    To investigate the foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) serotypes circulating in Uganda's cattle population, both serological and virological analyses of samples from outbreaks that occurred during 2012-2013 were performed. Altogether, 79 sera and 60 oropharyngeal fluid (OP)/tissue/oral swab samples were collected from herds with reported FMD outbreaks in seven different Ugandan districts. Overall, 61/79 (77%) of the cattle sera were positive for antibodies against FMDV by PrioCHECK FMDV NS ELISA and solid phase blocking ELISA detected titres ≥ 80 for serotypes O, SAT 1, SAT 2 and SAT 3 in 41, 45, 30 and 45 of these 61 seropositive samples, respectively. Virus neutralisation tests detected the highest levels of neutralising antibodies (titres ≥ 45) against serotype O in the herds from Kween and Rakai districts, against SAT 1 in the herd from Nwoya district and against SAT 2 in the herds from Kiruhura, Isingiro and Ntungamo districts. The isolation of a SAT 2 FMDV from Isingiro was consistent with the detection of high levels of neutralising antibodies against SAT 2; sequencing (for the VP1 coding region) indicated that this virus belonged to lineage I within this serotype, like the currently used vaccine strain. From the Wakiso district 11 tissue/swab samples were collected; serotype A FMDV, genotype Africa (G-I), was isolated from the epithelial samples. This study shows that within a period of less than one year, FMD outbreaks in Uganda were caused by four different serotypes namely O, A, SAT 1 and SAT 2. Therefore, to enhance the control of FMD in Uganda, there is need for efficient and timely determination of outbreak virus strains/serotypes and vaccine matching. The value of incorporating serotype A antigen into the imported vaccines along with the current serotype O, SAT 1 and SAT 2 strains should be considered.

  8. A cross-sectional examination of medicinal substance abuse and use of nonmedicinal substances among Canadian youth: findings from the 2012-2013 Youth Smoking Survey

    PubMed Central

    Leos-Toro, Cesar; Hammond, David; Manske, Stephen

    2015-01-01

    Background: Medicinal substance abuse is prevalent in Canada; however, little is known about patterns of abuse among young people. In this study, we sought to characterize the abuse of medicinal substances, such as prescription medications and selected over-the-counter substances, as well as that of licit and illicit nonmedicinal substances, using a nationally representative sample of young people. Methods: Cross-sectional, nationally representative data for children in grades 7-12 were obtained from Health Canada's 2012-2013 Youth Smoking Survey (n = 38 667). Multinomial regression analyses were conducted to examine subgroup differences in medicinal substance abuse and comorbid abuse of both medicinal and nonmedicinal substances. Results: About 5% of youth reported abusing medicinal substances in the previous year. Dextromethorphan, a substance found in many cough and cold syrups, was the most widely abused (2.9%), followed by pain medications (2.6%), sleeping medications (1.8%), stimulants (1.7%) and sedatives (1.0%). Abuse of nonmedicinal substances aside from tobacco and alcohol was reported by 21.3% of the population, and abuse of any substances was detected in 23.0% of the surveyed population. Girls at each grade level reported higher rates of abuse of medicinal substances than boys. Regional differences were seen with regard to the types of substances abused across Canada. Interpretation: A substantial minority of Canadian youth report abusing medicinal substances, including over-the-counter medications (e.g., cough syrup) and prescriptions medications (e.g., pain medication). In contrast to nonmedicinal substances, girls were more likely than boys to report abuse of medicinal substances. PMID:27570758

  9. Estimating dense water volume and its evolution for the year 2012-2013 in the Northwestern Mediterranean Sea: An observing system simulation experiment approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Waldman, Robin; Somot, Samuel; Herrmann, Marine; Testor, Pierre; Estournel, Claude; Sevault, Florence; Prieur, Louis; Mortier, Laurent; Coppola, Laurent; Taillandier, Vincent; Conan, Pascal; Dausse, Denis

    2016-09-01

    The Northwestern Mediterranean (NWMed) Sea includes one of the best observed ocean deep convection sites in the World. An observing system simulation experiment (OSSE) is developed to provide a methodology for estimating observing network errors. It is applied to quantify dense water volumes in the NWMed during 2012-2013 with their observation error from MOOSE network. Results from the OSSE show low spatiotemporal sampling errors, which confirms MOOSE network ability to measure dense waters. However, results are highly sensitive to instrumental stability. The dense water volume is then estimated in observations from four ship cruises between summers 2012 and 2013. A large seasonal cycle is found, maximal in spring 2013 and dominated by the area west of 6.5°E. The dense water volume (σ0>29.11 kg/m3) is stable between summer 2012 (13.3±0.6 × 1013 m3) and winter 2013 (13.7±1.3 × 1013 m3). It increases dramatically in spring 2013 (17.7±0.9 × 1013 m3) due to an intense convective event, and it finally decreases rapidly in summer 2013 (15.1±0.6 × 1013 m3) due to restratification and spreading. We estimate an open-sea dense water formation (DWF) rate of 1.4±0.3 Sv between summer 2012 and spring 2013 over the studied area, extrapolated to 2.3±0.5 Sv over the whole NWMed Sea and for the optimal timing. This is to our knowledge the highest measured DWF rate, suggesting winter 2013 was exceptionally convective. The observed restratification rate between spring and summer 2013 is -0.8±0.4 Sv. This study provides robust quantifications of deep convection during an exceptional event that will allow to evaluate numerical simulations.

  10. Comparison of mesospheric winds from a high-altitude meteorological analysis system and meteor radar observations during the boreal winters of 2009-2010 and 2012-2013

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McCormack, J.; Hoppel, K.; Kuhl, D.; de Wit, R.; Stober, G.; Espy, P.; Baker, N.; Brown, P.; Fritts, D.; Jacobi, C.; Janches, D.; Mitchell, N.; Ruston, B.; Swadley, S.; Viner, K.; Whitcomb, T.; Hibbins, R.

    2017-02-01

    We present a study of horizontal winds in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) during the boreal winters of 2009-2010 and 2012-2013 produced with a new high-altitude numerical weather prediction (NWP) system. This system is based on a modified version of the Navy Global Environmental Model (NAVGEM) with an extended vertical domain up to ∼116 km altitude coupled with a hybrid four-dimensional variational (4DVAR) data assimilation system that assimilates both standard operational meteorological observations in the troposphere and satellite-based observations of temperature, ozone and water vapor in the stratosphere and mesosphere. NAVGEM-based MLT analyzed winds are validated using independent meteor radar wind observations from nine different sites ranging from 69°N-67°S latitude. Time-averaged NAVGEM zonal and meridional wind profiles between 75 and 95 km altitude show good qualitative and quantitative agreement with corresponding meteor radar wind profiles. Wavelet analysis finds that the 3-hourly NAVGEM and 1-hourly radar winds both exhibit semi-diurnal, diurnal, and quasi-diurnal variations whose vertical profiles of amplitude and phase are also in good agreement. Wavelet analysis also reveals common time-frequency behavior in both NAVGEM and radar winds throughout the Northern extratropics around the times of major stratospheric sudden warmings (SSWs) in January 2010 and January 2013, with a reduction in semi-diurnal amplitudes beginning around the time of a mesospheric wind reversal at 60°N that precedes the SSW, followed by an amplification of semi-diurnal amplitudes that peaks 10-14 days following the onset of the mesospheric wind reversal. The initial results presented in this study demonstrate that the wind analyses produced by the high-altitude NAVGEM system accurately capture key features in the observed MLT winds during these two boreal winter periods.

  11. Recrudescent Wave of A/H1N1pdm09 Influenza Viruses in Winter 2012-2013 in Kashmir, India

    PubMed Central

    Koul, Parvaiz; Khan, Umar; Bhat, Khursheed; Saha, Siddhartha; Broor, Shobha; Lal, Renu; Chadha, Mandeep

    2013-01-01

    Some parts of world, including India observed a recrudescent wave of influenza A/H1N1pdm09 in 2012. We undertook a study to examine the circulating influenza strains, their clinical association and antigenic characteristics to understand the recrudescent wave of A/H1N1pdm09 from November 26, 2012 to Feb 28, 2013 in Kashmir, India. Of the 751 patients (545 outpatient and 206 hospitalized) presenting with acute respiratory infection at a tertiary care hospital in Srinagar; 184 (24.5%) tested positive for influenza. Further type and subtype analysis revealed that 106 (58%) were influenza A (H1N1pdm09 =105, H3N2=1) and 78 (42%) were influenza B. The influenza positive cases had a higher frequency of chills, nasal discharge, sore throat, body aches and headache, compared to influenza negative cases. Of the 206 patients hospitalized for pneumonia/acute respiratory distress syndrome or an exacerbation of an underlying lung disease, 34 (16.5%) tested positive for influenza (22 for H1N1pdm09, 11 for influenza B). All influenza-positive patients received oseltamivir and while most patients responded well to antiviral therapy and supportive care, 6 patients (4 with H1N1pdm09 and 2 with influenza B) patients died of progressive respiratory failure and multi-organ dysfunction. Following a period of minimal circulation, H1N1pdm09 re-emerged in Kashmir in 2012-2013, causing serious illness and fatalities. As such the healthcare administrators and policy planners need to be wary and monitor the situation closely. PMID:24818063

  12. Head injury trends and helmet use in skiers and snowboarders in Western Canada, 2008-2009 to 2012-2013: an ecological study.

    PubMed

    Dickson, T J; Trathen, S; Terwiel, F A; Waddington, G; Adams, R

    2017-02-01

    This research explored associations between helmet use and head injuries in snowsports by investigating reported snowsport injuries in Western Canada from 2008-2009 to 2012-2013. The key finding was that increased helmet use (from 69% to 80%) was not associated with a reduction in reported head injuries. Over the study period, the average rate of reported head injuries was 0.2/1000 skier visits, with a statistically significant variation (P < 0.001). The line of best fit showed an non-significant upward trend (P = 0.13). Lacerations were the only subcategory of head injuries that decreased significantly with helmet use. A higher proportion of people who reported a head injury were wearing a helmet than for injuries other than to the head. Skiers were more likely to report a head injury when wearing a helmet than snowboarders (P < 0.001 cf. P = 0.22). There were significant differences in characteristics of helmet and non-helmet wearers. Helmet wearers were more likely to be: young adults (P < 0.001); beginner/novices (P = 0.004); and snowboarders (P < 0.001), but helmet wearing was not associated with gender (P = 0.191). Further research is needed to explore the possible reasons for the failure of helmets to reduce head injuries, for example, increased reporting of head injuries and increased risk-taking combined with over-rating of the helmets' protection.

  13. Mental Health Treatment Barriers among Racial/Ethnic Minority versus White Young Adults 6 Months after Intake at a College Counseling Center

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miranda, Regina; Soffer, Ariella; Polanco-Roman, Lillian; Wheeler, Alyssa; Moore, Alyssa

    2015-01-01

    Objective: This study examined mental health treatment barriers following intake at a counseling center among racially/ethnically diverse college students. Methods: College students (N = 122) seen for intake at a college counseling center in 2012-2013 completed self-reports of depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation, and mental health treatment…

  14. Getting a Handle on the Standards. From the College and Career Ready Standards to Teaching and Learning in the Classroom: A Series of Resources for Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Barbara; Tobiason, Glory; Chang, Sandy; Heritage, Margaret; Herman, Joan

    2015-01-01

    This resource is part of a series produced by the Center for Standards and Assessment Implementation (CSAI) to assist teachers and those who support teachers to plan teaching and learning from College and Career Ready Standards (CCRS) for all students, including students with disabilities, English learners, academically at-risk students, students…

  15. Gateways to Democracy: Six Urban Community College Systems. New Directions for Community Colleges, Number 107. The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowen, Raymond C., Ed.; Muller, Gilbert H., Ed.

    1999-01-01

    This volume of New Directions for Community Colleges features case studies of six prototypical urban community college systems and the challenges they face. The chapters provide guides for those interested in the unique mission of urban institutions: (1) "Urban America and the Community College Imperative: The Importance of Open Access and…

  16. Classification Systems for Two-Year Colleges. New Directions for Community Colleges. The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCormick, Alexander C., Ed.; Cox, Rebecca D., Ed.

    2003-01-01

    This summer 2003 issue of New Directions for Community Colleges advances the conversation among researchers and practitioners about possible approaches to classifying two-year colleges. The 10 chapters include the following: (1) "Classifying Two-Year Colleges: Purposes, Possibilities and Pitfalls" (Alexander C. McCormick and Rebecca D.…

  17. Developing and Refining Lessons: Planning Learning and Formative Assessment for Math College and Career Ready Standards. From the College and Career Ready Standards to Teaching and Learning in the Classroom: A Series of Resources for Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tobiason, Glory; Heritage, Margaret; Chang, Sandy; Jones, Barbara; Herman, Joan

    2014-01-01

    This resource is part of a series produced by the Center for Standards and Assessment Implementation (CSAI) to assist teachers and those who support teachers to plan teaching and learning from College and Career Ready Standards (CCRS) for all students, including students with disabilities, English learners, academically at-risk students, students…

  18. Case Series of First Metatarsophalangeal Joint Injuries in Division 1 College Athletes

    PubMed Central

    Faltus, John; Mullenix, Kerry; Moorman, Claude T.; Beatty, Kyle; Easley, Mark E.

    2014-01-01

    Context: Injuries of the first metatarsophalangeal (hallux MP) joint can be debilitating in the athletic population. Turf toe and plantar plate injuries are typically diagnosed similarly. However, variance in injury mechanism as well as compromised integrity of soft tissue and ligamentous structures make it difficult to accurately diagnose specific hallux MP injuries. Recent literature has supported the use of both radiographic imaging and the Lachman test as reliable indicators of joint instability in the presence of hallux MP injuries. To date, research supporting specific rehabilitation interventions and return-to-play decision making for hallux MP injuries has been limited to case studies and suggested guidelines from literature reviews. There is limited evidence suggesting specific criteria for surgical and nonsurgical decision making in conjunction with rehabilitation progressions to return an athlete to sport when managing hallux MP injuries. Evidence Acquisition: A literature search was performed using Medline, PubMed, and Google Scholar to find and review articles from 1970 to 2013 that addressed the basic anatomy of the plantar plate, injuries to this anatomical structure, and the evaluation, diagnosis, surgical and nonsurgical management, and rehabilitation of these injuries, specifically in the athletic population. Medical information for each case was gathered from electronic medical records from the individual athletes cited in this case series, which included imaging reports, rehabilitation documentation, and both evaluation and surgical reports. No statistical analysis was used. Study Design: Case series. Level of Evidence: Level 4. Results: Treatment plans for each case varied depending on surgical and nonsurgical intervention and rehabilitation outcomes. However, each athlete was able to return to sports-specific activities. Conclusion: Successful outcomes for hallux MP injuries are contingent on thorough evaluation, appropriate clinical decision

  19. Carbon uptake and water use in woodlands and forests in southern Australia during an extreme heat wave event in the "Angry Summer" of 2012/2013

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van Gorsel, Eva; Wolf, Sebastian; Cleverly, James; Isaac, Peter; Haverd, Vanessa; Ewenz, Cäcilia; Arndt, Stefan; Beringer, Jason; Resco de Dios, Víctor; Evans, Bradley J.; Griebel, Anne; Hutley, Lindsay B.; Keenan, Trevor; Kljun, Natascha; Macfarlane, Craig; Meyer, Wayne S.; McHugh, Ian; Pendall, Elise; Prober, Suzanne M.; Silberstein, Richard

    2016-11-01

    As a result of climate change warmer temperatures are projected through the 21st century and are already increasing above modelled predictions. Apart from increases in the mean, warm/hot temperature extremes are expected to become more prevalent in the future, along with an increase in the frequency of droughts. It is crucial to better understand the response of terrestrial ecosystems to such temperature extremes for predicting land-surface feedbacks in a changing climate. While land-surface feedbacks in drought conditions and during heat waves have been reported from Europe and the US, direct observations of the impact of such extremes on the carbon and water cycles in Australia have been lacking. During the 2012/2013 summer, Australia experienced a record-breaking heat wave with an exceptional spatial extent that lasted for several weeks. In this study we synthesised eddy-covariance measurements from seven woodlands and one forest site across three biogeographic regions in southern Australia. These observations were combined with model results from BIOS2 (Haverd et al., 2013a, b) to investigate the effect of the summer heat wave on the carbon and water exchange of terrestrial ecosystems which are known for their resilience toward hot and dry conditions. We found that water-limited woodland and energy-limited forest ecosystems responded differently to the heat wave. During the most intense part of the heat wave, the woodlands experienced decreased latent heat flux (23 % of background value), increased Bowen ratio (154 %) and reduced carbon uptake (60 %). At the same time the forest ecosystem showed increased latent heat flux (151 %), reduced Bowen ratio (19 %) and increased carbon uptake (112 %). Higher temperatures caused increased ecosystem respiration at all sites (up to 139 %). During daytime all ecosystems remained carbon sinks, but carbon uptake was reduced in magnitude. The number of hours during which the ecosystem acted as a carbon sink was also reduced

  20. Institutional Research and the Culture of Evidence at Community Colleges. Report No. 1 in the Culture of Evidence Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morest, Vanessa Smith; Jenkins, Davis

    2007-01-01

    This report presents findings from a study conducted by the Community College Research Center (CCRC) on how well prepared today's community colleges are in moving toward the greater use of data and research to improve student success. Data for the study were drawn from two major sources: first, an e-mail survey of college administrators…

  1. Private Dreams, Shared Visions: Student Affairs Work in Small Colleges. National Association of Student Personnel Administrators Monograph Series, Volume 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuh, George D., Ed.; McAleenan, Andrea C., Ed.

    The role of student affairs staff in small colleges is considered in eight chapters. Topics of discussion include: conditions facing small colleges, the small college ecology, the role of the student affairs division in providing leadership for institutional planning and research, examples of innovative programming that maximize scarce resources…

  2. High School Peer Networks and College Success: Lessons from Texas. Discussion Paper Series DP 2008-07

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fletcher, Jason; Tienda, Marta

    2008-01-01

    This paper uses administrative data from the University of Texas-Austin to examine whether high school peer networks at college entry influence college achievement, measured by grade point average (GPA) and persistence. For each freshman cohort from 1993 through 2003 we calculate the number and ethnic makeup of college freshmen from each Texas…

  3. Improving College Writing before the Freshman Year: Findings from 10 Years of a Summer Bridge Program. The Summer Before Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Relles, Stefani R.; Tierney, William G.

    2014-01-01

    Students who graduate from high school who are college-ready are more likely to graduate than those who are not college-ready. The need for remediation on college campuses burdens both students and institutions with financial and opportunity costs that at best delay, and at worst impede graduation rates. At a time when workforce preparation skills…

  4. Tuition Discounting: Institutional Aid Patterns at Public and Private Colleges and Universities. Trends in Higher Education Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baum, Sandy; Ma, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    Recent data from the College Board's Annual Survey of Colleges reveal significant variation in institutional aid patterns among colleges and universities. The undergraduate tuition discount rate--the ratio of institutional grant aid to published tuition and fee charges--is higher at private institutions than at public institutions, but there are…

  5. Concurrent and cross-season protection of inactivated influenza vaccine against A(H1N1)pdm09 illness among young children: 2012-2013 case-control evaluation of influenza vaccine effectiveness.

    PubMed

    Fu, Chuanxi; Xu, Jianxiong; Lin, Jinyan; Wang, Ming; Li, Kuibiao; Ge, Jing; Thompson, Mark G

    2015-06-09

    In 2012-2013, we examined 1729 laboratory-confirmed A(H1N1)pdm09 influenza cases matched 1:1 with healthy controls and estimated influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE) for trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV3) to be 67% (95% confidence interval=58-74%) for ages 8 months to 6 years old. Among children aged 8-35 months old, VE for fully vaccinated children (73%, 60-81%) was significantly higher than VE for partially vaccinated children (55%, 33-70%). Significant cross-season protection from prior IIV3 was noted, including VE of 31% (8-48%) from IIV3 received in 2010-2011 against influenza illness in 2012--2013 without subsequent boosting doses.

  6. Help Wanted: Preparing Community College Leaders in a New Century. New Directions for Community Colleges. The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piland, William E., Ed.; Wolf, David B., Ed.

    2003-01-01

    This document discusses how community colleges have become a vital and perhaps permanent aspect of the United States higher education system, and how it must maintain a competent leadership in order to maintain its integrity. It emphasizes the importance of effective leadership development within the community colleges as they continue to develop…

  7. A Pilot for Improving Depression Care on College Campuses: Results of the College Breakthrough Series-Depression (CBS-D) Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chung, Henry; Klein, Michael C.; Silverman, Daniel; Corson-Rikert, Janet; Davidson, Eleanor; Ellis, Patricia; Kasnakian, Caroline

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To implement a pilot quality improvement project for depression identification and treatment in college health. Participants: Eight college health center teams composed primarily of primary care and counseling service directors and clinicians. Methods: Chronic (Collaborative) Care Model (CCM) used with standardized screening to…

  8. The Role of the Community College in Teacher Education. New Directions for Community Colleges. The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Townsend, Barbara K., Ed.; Ignash, Jan M., Ed.

    2003-01-01

    This journal issue focuses on the role of the community college in training K-12 teachers. The chapters included in this volume are as follows: (1) "Community College Roles in Teacher Education: Current Approaches and Future Possibilities," by Townsend and Ignash; (2) "Transfer Issues in Preservice Undergraduate Teacher Education…

  9. New volcanogenic-eruptive genetic type of diamond occurrence (based on studying the 2012-2013 Fissure Tolbachik Eruption in Kamchatka)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karpov, Gennady; Anikin, Leonid; Filatov, Stanislav; Silaev, Valery; Petrovsky, Vitaly; Zolotarev, Andrey; Dunin-Barkovsky, Romuald; Volynets, Anna

    2014-05-01

    During the 2012-2013 Fissure Tolbachik eruption, diamonds were found both in fresh pyroclastics and in the effusive lava pores. Lavas are aphyric and subaphyric porous aluminous basaltic trachyandesites with rare megacrysts and subphenocrysts of plagioclase, olivine and pyroxene. Groundmass is hyalopilitic, pilotaxitic, occasionally hyaline, with abundant plagioclase microlites. So far, over 750 diamond grains have been found sized mostly 100-500 mkm. Generally, grains are well formed isometric, plane-faced and sharp-edged monocrystals of cubic-octahedral habit and green color, rarer colorless. Faces of rhombic-dodecahedron, tetragonal-trisoctahedron and trigonal-trisoctahedron also occur. Crystal cubic faces host pits of diffusive depletion, and pits with induction surfaces formed after the breakoff of syngenetic inclusions. Octahedral faces often show pyramidal etching pits formed at the dislocation outcrops. Pits contain coatings whose composition includes Fe, Mg, Ca, Si, and Cu-Sn (Zn) alloy films. Diamond X-ray diffraction data (Bruker APEX DUO, STOE IPDS II, MoKα-radiation, 788 reflections) show space group Fd-3m, cubic unit cell parameter a = 3.574(3) A and major reflections (111), (220), (311) etc. at Gandolfi pattern. Raman spectra with red beam reveal only one strong line at 1332 cm-1 typical for diamonds. Spectra excited by the 785 nm beam reveal a wide line with the peak at 1370 cm-1, whose intensity oscillates from 1% to 70% of the diamond line intensity at 1332 cm-1. Infrared absorption spectra reflect two lines with peaks at 1345 and 1130 cm-1, corresponding to structural C-defects (isolated N atoms). Partially, these defects occur in the positive charge state - N+. Structural nitrogen concentration in the form of C-defects varies from 150 to 500 ppm, while that in the form of N+ - from 10 to 30 ppm. Lines of infrared absorption on A and B1 nitrogen defects, as well as those on hydrogen defects typical for most natural diamonds, are not detected for

  10. Grass Roots and Glass Ceilings: African American Administrators in Predominantly White Colleges and Universities. SUNY Series, Frontiers in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harvey, William B., Ed.

    This book addresses difficulties faced by African Americans in reaching the highest levels of administration in white colleges and universities. The nine chapters were written by African Americans who currently hold or have held senior-level administrative positions (deans, vice-presidents, and presidents) in predominantly white colleges and…

  11. The Successful College Athletic Program: The New Standard. American Council on Education/Oryx Press Series on Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerdy, John R.

    This volume offers a critical analysis of how college athletic programs can contribute to the mission of a university in meaningful ways that reach beyond their roles in providing revenue and entertainment. The emphasis is on practices in college athletics at institutions in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I,…

  12. HBCU Graduates: Employment Earnings and Success after College. New Agenda Series[TM], Volume 2, Number 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Redd, Kenneth E.

    Recent reports on the college enrollment and degree completion experience of African American students have largely ignored the contributions of historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs), which, in 1997, produced 28% of the bachelor's degrees conferred on black students. This study used data from the second follow-up of the 1993…

  13. A Quality Improvement Customer Service Process and CSS [Customer Service System]. Burlington County College Employee Development Series, Volumes I & II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burlington County Coll., Pemberton, NJ.

    Prepared for use by staff in development workshops at Burlington County College (BCC), in New Jersey, this handbook offers college-wide guidelines for improving the quality of service provided to internal and external customers, and reviews key elements of BCC's Customer Service System (CSS), a computerized method of recording and following-up on…

  14. Alternatives to the Grade Point Average as a Measure of Academic Achievement in College. ACT Research Report Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lei, Pui-Wa; Bassiri, Dina; Schultz, E. Matthew

    College grade point average (GPA), a linear combination of assigned grades from different courses, is widely known to be an imperfect measure of student achievement. This unreliable measure decreases the predictive validity of college admission tests. Research has shown that adjusting course grades for differential grading practices improves…

  15. Response Errors in Reports of Parental Income by Community College Freshmen. Working Paper Series No. 1-94.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romano, Richard; Moreno, Luis

    A study was conducted by New York's Broome Community College (BCC) to compare student-reported parental income with income reported by the students' parents on their 1982 tax records. Student reports of parental income were obtained from a survey administered to students entering BCC in fall 1983. The college had parents' federal income tax…

  16. The Influence of Wealth and Race in Four-Year College Attendance. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.18.08

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jez, Su Jin

    2008-01-01

    College is increasingly essential for economic and social mobility. Current research devotes significant attention to race and socioeconomic factors in college access. Yet wealth's role, as differentiated from income, is largely unexplored. Utilizing a nationally representative dataset, this study analyzes the role of wealth among students who…

  17. Drug Use among American College Students and Their Noncollege Age Peers. Monitoring the Future. Occasional Paper Series, Paper 25.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnston, Lloyd D.; And Others

    Monitoring the Future is an ongoing research program which annually surveys high school seniors and also performs followup surveys of previous high school classes. This study used five different questionnaire forms to examine illicit and licit (alcohol and nicotine) drug use among U.S. college students and their age-peers not in college. The…

  18. The Community College Mission: History and Theory, 1930-2000. Working Paper Series. Number 1-09

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meier, Kenneth M.

    2008-01-01

    There is a significant omission in the literature concerning the historical origins of the community college and the social and educational forces that have shaped its mission. Rigorous historical studies are relatively rare in higher education. For community colleges, analytical histories are even less common (Ratcliff, 1987; Frye, 1991, 1992).…

  19. Transforming the First Year of College for Students of Color. The First-Year Experience Monograph Series No. 38

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rendon, Laura I., Ed.; Garcia, Mildred, Ed.; Person, Dawn, Ed.

    2004-01-01

    "Transforming the First Year of College for Students of Color" addresses some of the unique challenges and transition issues for African-American, Latino/a, Asian-Pacific American, American Indian/Alaska Native, and multiracial college students. Chapters address specific strategies for working with these student populations to ensure their success…

  20. Multi-residue determination of eleven anticoagulant rodenticides by high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array/fluorimetric detection: investigation of suspected animal poisoning in the period 2012-2013 in north-eastern Italy.

    PubMed

    Gallocchio, Federica; Basilicata, Lara; Benetti, Cristiana; Angeletti, Roberto; Binato, Giovanni

    2014-11-01

    Misuse or deliberate abuse of anticoagulant rodenticides (AR) may often result in incidental or malicious non-target animal poisoning. This study presents preliminary results of the analysis of 561 real suspected samples, ranging from baits to livers and stomach contents, collected at the Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie (official referral laboratory for the regions of north-eastern Italy), in the period 2012-2013. Samples were analyzed by a method based on a combination of liquid chromatography with diode array/fluorescence detection (HPLC-DAD/F) able to identify 11 different AR (brodifacoum, bromadiolone, chloropahacinone, coumachlor, coumafuryl, coumatetralyl, difenacoum, diphacinone, flocoumafen, pindone, warfarin).

  1. Systems for Offering Concurrent Enrollment at High Schools and Community Colleges. New Directions for Community Colleges, Number 113. The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robertson, Piedad F., Ed.; Chapman, Brian G., Ed.; Gaskin, Fred, Ed.

    2001-01-01

    The spring 2001 issue of "New Directions for Community Colleges" discusses concurrent enrollment programs and the challenges and issues associated with developing and maintaining such programs. Chapters include: (1) "State Policy and Postsecondary Enrollment Options: Creating Seamless Systems" (Katherine Boswell); (2) "A…

  2. The Community College Role in Welfare to Work. New Directions for Community Colleges. The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lisman, C. David, Ed.

    2001-01-01

    Articles in this journal discuss the role of community colleges in educating welfare recipients since President Clinton signed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) in 1996. Under the new legislation, a new block grant, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), was launched in July 1997, eliminating…

  3. Dimensions of Managing Academic Affairs in the Community College. New Directions for Community Colleges, Number 109. The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robillard, Douglas, Jr., Ed.

    2000-01-01

    This volume of New Directions for Community Colleges contains the following articles: (1) "Toward a Definition of Deaning," by Douglas Robillard, Jr.; (2) "The Dean as Chief Academic Officer," by John Stuart Erwin; (3) "The Dean and the Faculty," by Hans A. Andrews; (4) "The Dean and the President," by Hans J. Kuss; (5) "Aspects of Difficult…

  4. Credentialing Structures, Pedagogies, Practices, and Curriculum Goals: Trajectories of Change in Community College Mission Statements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ayers, David F.

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To examine the discursive strategies deployed by community colleges to sustain legitimacy in an evolving and contradictory institutional environment. Method: Using corpus linguistics software, I compared 1,009 mission statements from 2012-2013 with a reference corpus of 427 mission statements from 2004. Results: Keywords analysis,…

  5. Challenges in the 1990s for College Foreign Language Programs. Issues in Language Program Direction: A Series of Annual Volumes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magnan, Sally Seiloff, Ed.

    This collection of papers includes the following: "Style Wars: Teacher-Student Style Conflicts in the Language Classroom" (Rebecca L. Oxford, Madeline E. Ehrman, and Roberta Z. Lavine); "Articulating Learning in High School and College Programs: Holistic Theory in the Foreign Language Curriculum" (Janet Swaffar);…

  6. Strategic Change in Colleges and Universities: Planning to Survive and Prosper. Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowley, Daniel James; And Others

    This book develops a schema of strategic planning that has proved effective and useful at a variety of colleges and universities. It looks at the general context and imperative for doing strategic planning and considers the historical and traditional antecedents that have led to the present-day need for strategic planning. The book reviews the…

  7. It's All Relative: The Role of Parents in College Financing and Enrollment. New Agenda Series. Volume 1, Number 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stringer, William L.; Cunningham, Alisa F.; O'Brien, Colleen T.; Merisotis, Jamie P.

    This report presents a comprehensive overview of the parental role in higher education. It is on various data sources, including a nationally representative survey of 750 parents of current college students. The report addresses issues ranging from selecting an institution, to paying tuition, to patterns of saving and borrowing, to the demographic…

  8. Strategic Budgeting: The Board's Role in Public Colleges and Universities. AGB Occasional Paper Series. AGB Occasional Paper No. 28.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Dennis P.

    1995-01-01

    This paper prescribes a significant change in the budgeting practices of most public colleges and universities by urging an approach to budgeting that focuses on the creation and maintenance of institutional assets and the use of mechanisms that reward accomplishment through effective utilization of these assets. This approach contrasts with…

  9. Designing Successful Transitions: A Guide for Orienting Students to College. 2nd Edition. The First-Year Experience Monograph Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward-Roof, Jeanine A., Ed.; Hatch, Cathie, Ed.

    This monograph contains 15 papers on aspects of college and university student and family orientation programs. Following a prologue, "Reflections on the Future of Orientation," by M. Lee Upcraft, the papers are: (1) "Today's Students and Their Impact on Orientation and First-Year Programs" (Tony W. Cawthon and Michael Miller);…

  10. When Hope and Fear Collide: A Portrait of Today's College Student. The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levine, Arthur; Cureton, Jeanette S.

    This book reports on several studies of the attitudes of college students in the 1990s, tracing the differences which have developed in the last decade. A representative sample of 9,100 undergraduates was surveyed in 1993, and interviews and small focus groups were conducted with student body presidents, student newspaper editors, and student…

  11. The Student Debt Dilemma: Debt Aversion as A Barrier to College Access. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.13.05

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burdman, Pamela

    2005-01-01

    Though the rise in college student debt often has been blamed on rising tuition, a radical shift in student financial aid--from a system relying primarily on need-based grants to one dominated by loans--has been equally important. Numerous reports have highlighted the burdens faced by students who borrow large sums, but less is known about…

  12. Academic Turnarounds: Restoring Vitality to Challenged American Colleges and Universities. ACE/Praeger Series on Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacTaggart, Terrence, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    This book discusses the early indicators of a college or university's need for a turnaround. It outlines financial trends and other indicators of distress, as well as benchmarks for the various stages of an effective turnaround strategy. The book will help trustees, presidents, and faculty members diagnose whether they are in denial about the true…

  13. The Role of the Library in the First College Year. The First-Year Experience Monograph Series No. 45

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardesty, Larry, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    While the library is at the center of many campuses physically, it is often an overlooked and underused resource in improving the learning and success of first-year college students. Librarians, classroom faculty, administrators, and higher education researchers come together to explore the potential of the library in shaping the student…

  14. Designing Successful Transitions: A Guide for Orienting Students to College. The Freshman Year Experience. Monograph Series Number 13.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Upcraft, M. Lee, Ed.; And Others

    This monograph contains 14 papers on all aspects of college and university student and family orientation programs. The papers are: (1) "Orienting Today's Students" by M. Lee Upcraft; (2) "Theoretical Perspectives on Orientation" by Michael Dannells; (3) "Trends and Issues in Orientation Programs" by Gerry Strumpf and…

  15. International Challenges to American Colleges and Universities: Looking Ahead. American Council on Education Series on Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanson, Katharine H., Ed.; Meyerson, Joel W., Ed.

    This book contains 10 papers on critical issues facing colleges and universities seeking to "internationalize" the curriculum and design good programs and services for foreign students in the United States and for American students abroad. An overview by Richard D. Lyman introduces the following papers: (1) "Foreign Student Flows…

  16. On the American College Presidency: A Bibliography of Theodore M. Hesburgh. Public Administration Series: Bibliography P-1361.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quay, Richard H.

    A bibliography of about 68 materials authored, coauthored, or edited by Theodore M. Hesburgh on the American college presidency is presented. Specific topics of the publications, which cover 1950-1981, include the following: the future of liberal education, the immigration system, presidential leadership in institutional advancement, science and…

  17. Teaching for Change: Addressing Issues of Difference in the College Classroom. Reprint Series No. 25. Harvard Educational Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Geismar, Kathryn, Ed.; Nicoleau, Guitele, Ed.

    Contributors to this collection of essays describe how they address issues of race, gender, and class in their college courses as they attempt to ensure that their curricula and class discussions represent the perspectives of all students. Essays include: (1) "Introduction" (Kathryn Giesmar and Guitele Nicoleau); (2) "Dialogue…

  18. Degrees of Freedom: Diversifying Math Requirements for College Readiness and Graduation (Report 1 of a 3-Part Series)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burdman, Pamela

    2015-01-01

    Since the mid-20th century, the standard U.S. high school and college math curriculum has been based on two years of algebra and a year of geometry, preparing students to take classes in pre-calculus followed by calculus. Students' math pursuits have been differentiated primarily by how far or how rapidly they proceed along a clearly defined…

  19. Goals and Objectives of the Introductory College-level Course in Economics. Ninth District Economic Information Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larsen, Allen F., Ed.; Nappi, Andrew T., Ed.

    This publication is a collection of six essays on the goals and objectives of the introductory college-level economics course written by economic professors from all parts of the country. The purpose is to examine the introductory course in light of the need for clearly defined educational goals which will provide systematic guidelines for the…

  20. Proving and Improving: Strategies for Assessing the First College Year. The First-Year Experience Monograph Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swing, Randy L., Ed.

    The essays in this collection, initially written for an online audience, focus on the philosophy, methods, and outcomes of assessing the first-year experience of college students. Several recurrent themes highlight general agreement about best practices in first-year assessment, but the collection contains some differences of opinion also. The…

  1. Methodological background and strategy for the 2012-2013 updated consensus definitions and clinical practice guidelines from the abdominal compartment society.

    PubMed

    Kirkpatrick, Andrew W; Roberts, Derek J; Jaeschke, Roman; De Waele, Jan J; De Keulenaer, Bart L; Duchesne, Juan; Bjorck, Martin; Leppäniemi, Ari; Ejike, Janeth C; Sugrue, Michael; Cheatham, Michael L; Ivatury, Rao; Ball, Chad G; Reintam Blaser, Annika; Regli, Adrian; Balogh, Zsolt; D'Amours, Scott; De Laet, Inneke; Malbrain, Manu L N G

    2015-01-01

    The Abdominal Compartment Society (www.wsacs.org) previously created highly cited Consensus Definitions/Management Guidelines related to intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS). Implicit in this previous work, was a commitment to regularly reassess and update in relation to evolving research. Two years preceding the Fifth World Congress on Abdominal Compartment Syndrome, an International Guidelines committee began preparation. An oversight/steering committee formulated key clinical questions regarding IAH/ /ACS based on polling of the Executive to redundancy, structured according to the Patient, Intervention, Comparator, and Outcome (PICO) format. Scientific consultations were obtained from Methodological GRADE experts and a series of educational teleconferences were conducted to educate scientific review teams from among the wscacs. org membership. Each team conducted systematic or structured reviews to identify relevant studies and prepared evidence summaries and draft Grades of Recommendation Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) recommendations. The evidence and draft recommendations were presented and debated in person over four days. Updated consensus definitions and management statements were derived using a modified Delphi method. A writingcommittee subsequently compiled the results utilizing frequent Internet discussion and Delphi voting methods to compile a robust online Master Report and a concise peer-reviewed summarizing publication. A dedicated Paediatric Guidelines Subcommittee reviewed all recommendations and either accepted or revised them for appropriateness in children. Of the original 12 IAH/ACS definitions proposed in 2006, three (25%) were accepted unanimously, with four (33%) accepted by > 80%, and four (33%) accepted by > 50%, but required discussion to produce revised definitions. One (8%) was rejected by > 50%. In addition to previous 2006 definitions, the panel also defined the open abdomen

  2. Tracking 2003 ACT[R]-Tested High School Graduates: College Readiness, Enrollment, and Long-Term Success. ACT Research Report Series, 2012 (2)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Radunzel, Justine; Noble, Julie

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the relationships between multiple measures of college readiness and success in college. Outcomes included enrollment in college immediately after high school, retention in college, and degree completion. College readiness indicators at time of high school graduation included ACT[R] scores and Benchmark attainment, high school…

  3. COSMO-SkyMed sensor constellation and GPS data to study the source responsible of ground deformation beneath the urban area of Naples (Southern Italy) in 2012-2013.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pepe, Susi

    2016-04-01

    To understand uplift phenomenon occurred during the April 2012 - January 2013 time interval at Campi Flegrei caldera, we exploited the displacement time series obtained by processing 90 SAR images acquired from the COSMO-SkyMed sensor constellation along ascending orbits via the well-known DInSAR algorithm referred to as SBAS algorithm, and the measurements provided by 14 continuous GPS stations deployed within the caldera and belonging to the permanent INGV-OV monitoring network. In particular, the caldera has shown a rapid uplift of about 6 cm with a peak rate of about 3 cm/month in December 2012. This event led the Italian Civil Protection to raise the alert level of the volcano from green to yellow. Using a novel geodetic inversion technique we imaged the kinematics of the intrusion of a magmatic sill beneath the town of Pozzuoli at a depth of about 3100 m. The retrieved kinematics was then used as input to infer the dynamics of the sill intrusion using a recently developed numerical model. The best fit obtained by non-linear inverse approach that consider a time-varying deformation field is a penny-shaped source located at a depth of 3100 m. To study the detail of the intrusion process we have applied a geodetic imaging technique to determine the spatial and temporal kinematics of the ground deformation source in the selected period. The retrieved temporal pattern of the source geometry reflects that of a growing sill that, at the end of the considered period, has a roughly elliptical geometry with an extension of about 6 km in the EW direction and about 4 km in the NS one. The maximum aperture of the sill is of about 30 cm at its center. To understand the dynamics of this phenomenon we used a numerical model of the emplacement of a magmatic sill, to fit the retrieved geometry. The parameters to be determined are: the average magma viscosity, the amount of magma already present in the sill before the 2012-2013 episode and the magma injection rate. Results show

  4. The 2012-2013 Montes Claros earthquake series in the São Francisco Craton, Brazil: new evidence for non-uniform intraplate stresses in mid-plate South America

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Agurto-Detzel, Hans; Assumpção, Marcelo; Ciardelli, Caio; Albuquerque, Diogo Farrapo; Barros, Lucas V.; França, George S. L.

    2015-01-01

    On 2012 May 19, an mb = 4 earthquake shook the town of Montes Claros, Brazil in the middle of the São Francisco Craton. Because of the scarce seismicity in the area, an event like this could provide valuable information to characterize the governing seismotectonics and stress field for the region. Here, we present the results of more than 1 yr of local seismic monitoring after the main shock. We found that the seismicity originated at approximately 1-km depth in an NNW-oriented blind reverse fault, dipping to the E. The magnitude of the main shock was 4mb, with aftershocks reaching up to 3.6mb. Focal mechanisms from first motion polarities and waveform moment tensor inversions indicate a reverse faulting in agreement with the orientation of the aftershock locations. In addition, we derived a new 1-D local velocity model using a simultaneous inversion of hypocentres and velocity layers. The results indicate P-wave velocities of 4.5 km s-1 for the upper layer of carbonate rocks and 5.23 and 5.69 km s-1 for the lower fractured and compact crystalline basement layers, respectively. Higher Vp/Vs ratios were obtained for the upper two layers compared to the lowermost layer, possibly indicating presence of rock fracturing and percolated water. The calculated stress drop for the main event is 0.33 MPa, which is a relatively low value for an intraplate earthquake but still within the observed range. The inversion of the main shock focal mechanism and previously published focal mechanisms suggests a compressional stress regime in the central part of the São Francisco Craton, which is different from the strike-slip regime in the southern part, although both have an EW-oriented σ1. On the other hand, focal mechanisms of events located to the west of the craton indicate an NW-SE oriented σ1 for central Brazil. This variability highlights the importance of local sources of stresses (e.g. flexural stresses) in mid-plate South America, unlike other mid-plate areas of the world, such as central and east North America, where a more uniform stress field is observed.

  5. Broadening the Definition of College and Career Readiness: A Holistic Approach. ACT Research Report Series, 2014 (5)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mattern, Krista; Burrus, Jeremy; Camara, Wayne; O'Connor, Ryan; Hansen, Mary Ann; Gambrell, James; Casillas, Alex; Bobek, Becky

    2014-01-01

    A hallmark of the US education system is the opportunity afforded to students to pursue education and career paths of their own choosing. This flexibility and autonomy, however, has drawbacks. Students must navigate a series of complex and often disconnected environments, as well as numerous decision points, before they attain a fulfilling career.…

  6. Engineering Psychology Handbook AY 2012 - 2013

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-08-01

    necessary to meet with us outside of the classroom. We stand ready to assist you, to send you down the right paths, and to pull you back when you... Biomechanics Elective (Honors only) Elective (Honors only) (Return to Table of Contents) Course Content Engineering Psychology courses typically provide...the investigation of your area of engineering psychology. To accomplish this introduction usually: 1. Provide a brief, but broad , background of

  7. 2012-2013--the year in preview.

    PubMed

    Rubin, Bruce K

    2012-03-01

    A highlight of many journals is a review of pertinent literature in a specific field that has been published in the preceding year. Although such "Year in Review" presentations are important, at PRR we are pleased to present the news that has not yet happened. In this manuscript, which is a combination of science and fiction, I will present the very best research that has not yet been conducted but will be published sometime in 2012 or 2013. This will cover all aspects of paediatric pulmonary disease. Any resemblance to real research that is actually published during this time period is strictly coincidental and the product of a fertile imagination. However, if these ideas inspire you to do these studies and publish the results it would make this science fiction even more interesting. To quote the famous baseball player, Yogi Berra, "It's difficult to make predictions, especially about the future.".

  8. The Impact of Micro-Teaching on the Teaching Practice Performance of Undergraduate Agricultural Education Students in College of Education, Azare

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sa'ad, Tata Umar; Sabo, Shehu; Abdullahi, Aliyu Dahuwa

    2015-01-01

    Micro-teaching and teaching practices are two integral parts of teacher education programme. Therefore, this study investigated the impact of micro-teaching on the teaching practice of the undergraduate Agricultural Education Students admitted in 2012/2013 Academic session in College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State, Nigeria. The 400 level…

  9. Oseltamivir-resistant seasonal A(H1N1) and A(H1N1)pdm09 influenza viruses from the 2007/2008 to 2012/2013 season in Nara Prefecture, Japan.

    PubMed

    Yoneda, Masaki; Okayama, Akiko; Kitahori, Yoshiteru

    2014-01-01

    We examined the incidence of oseltamivir-resistant seasonal A(H1N1) and A(H1N1)pdm09 influenza viruses from the 2007/2008 to 2012/2013 season in Nara Prefecture, Japan. To detect the oseltamivir resistance marker in neuraminidase (NA), 365 influenza viruses (60 seasonal A(H1N1) and 305 A(H1N1)pdm09) were sequenced. The H275Y mutation in the NA gene, which confers resistance to oseltamivir, was identified in 93.8% (30/32) of seasonal A(H1N1) viruses that were circulating during the 2008/2009 season. Moreover, the detection rate of oseltamivir-resistant A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses was 4.1% (3/74) and 2.8% (5/180) in the 2009/2010 and 2010/2011 season, respectively. Four cases of oseltamivir-resistant A(H1N1)pdm09 virus infection occurred in the same hematology ward during the 2010/2011 season. Our data show a low frequency of oseltamivir-resistant A(H1N1)pdm09 virus in Nara Prefecture but suggested the possibility of human-to-human transmission of this virus.

  10. Household Food Insecurity Is Associated with Adverse Mental Health Indicators and Lower Quality of Life among Koreans: Results from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2012-2013.

    PubMed

    Chung, Hye-Kyung; Kim, Oh Yoen; Kwak, So Young; Cho, Yoonsu; Lee, Kyong Won; Shin, Min-Jeong

    2016-12-16

    Food insecurity is an ongoing public health issue and contributes to mental health status. We investigated whether food insecurity is associated with inadequate nutrient intake and whether it affects mental health indicators (perceived stress/experience of depressive symptom/suicidal ideation) and quality of life (QOL) among Koreans (n = 5862, 20-64 years) using data from the Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (2012-2013). Household food security status was categorized as "food-secure household", "food-insecure household without hunger", and "food-insecure household with hunger". Data on food insecurity, sociodemographic factors, nutrient intake, mental health indicators, and QOL were used. A logistic regression model was conducted to determine odds ratios (ORs) for psychological health. A greater proportion of food-insecure participants were nutritionally deficient compared with expectations of the 2015 Korean Dietary Reference Intakes. These deficiencies were generally higher in both "food-insecure household" groups. Both "food-insecure household" groups, particularly the "food-insecure household with hunger" group showed significantly adverse mental health status (ORs: 1.52-3.83) and lower QOL (ORs: 1.49-3.92) than did the "food-secure household" group before and after adjusting for sex, age, education, household income, smoking/alcohol consumption, physical activity, marital status, and receiving food assistance. In conclusion, food insecurity may be significantly associated with adverse mental health indicators and decreased QOL in young/middle-aged Koreans.

  11. New insights on the relationship between ocean mesoscale structures and spatio-temporal distribution of precipitation in the western Mediterranean basin during the HyMeX SOPs in 2012-2013

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Béranger, Karine; Anquetin, Sandrine; Arsouze, Thomas; Boudevillain, Brice; Beuvier, Jonathan; Claud, Chantal; Lebeaupin Brossier, Cindy; Delrieu, Guy; Drobinski, Philippe; Flaounas, Emmanouil; Polcher, Jan; Stéfanon, Marc

    2015-04-01

    The Mediterranean area is prone to intense precipitation events. In this study, we investigate the role of the ocean heat content and mesoscale features on the spatio-temporal distribution of the precipitation in the Mediterranean basin. For the HyMeX Special observation periods in 2012-2013 (SOP1 and SOP2), one-year sensitivity experiments were run with the non hydrostatic atmospheric WRF model of the MORCE-MED plateform, using different datasets of sea surface temperature. The sea surface temperature fields are derived from four ocean NEMO-MED companion simulations, made at different resolutions. The horizontal resolution is ~7km and ~2.5km while the vertical resolution is stretched from 1m at the surface to 400m at the bottom sea with 50 z-levels or from 1m at the surface to 130m at the bottom sea with 75 z-levels. The simulations started in 1998 with an ocean at rest and all have the same initial state and boundary conditions. The ocean was forced by the daily ARPERA atmospheric flux and winds. The analysis focuses on the precipitation at sub-basin scales in the western part of the Mediterranean basin. To highlight the ocean impact on the water content and transport in the low atmosphere, the diurnal cycle of precipitation and the contribution of extreme events to the annual precipitation budgets are compared over sea to HOAPS observations and over land to the OHMCV in situ observations.

  12. Discounting toward Disaster: Tuition Discounting, College Finances, and Enrollments of Low-Income Undergraduates. New Agenda Series[TM], Volume 3, Number 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Redd, Kenneth E.

    To study the effects of college tuition discounting, data from annual Institutional Student Aid Surveys of private colleges and universities were compared to enrollment and Pell Grant data from the U.S. Department of Education. Findings indicated that: (1) at least one quarter of the colleges and universities used discounting strategies that…

  13. Does Failing a Placement Exam Discourage Underprepared Students from Going to College? National Poverty Center Working Paper Series #11-14

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martorell, Paco; McFarlin, Isaac, Jr.; Xue, Yu

    2013-01-01

    About one-third of college students are required to take remedial courses to redress the lack of preparation for college-level coursework. Assignment to remediation is generally made on the basis of a placement test score, and in some states students are required to take a placement test prior to enrolling in college-level courses. In this type of…

  14. Validating the Use of ACT Assessment Scores and High School Grades for Remedial Course Placement in College. ACT Research Report Series 89-4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sawyer, Richard

    An argument based on the content fit among a college course, the American College Testing Program (ACT) Assessment tests, and students' high school course work is described to justify use of ACT scores and self-reported high school grades for placement of college freshmen in undergraduate remedial education. A utility-based approach to quantifying…

  15. Fulfilling the Promise of the Community College: Increasing First-Year Student Engagement and Success. The First-Year Experience Monograph Series Number 56

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Thomas, Ed.; King, Margaret C., Ed.; Stanley, Patricia, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    For the past three decades, American higher education has paid increasing attention to the beginning college experience--to ensuring that entering students make a successful transition to college. Yet, much of the extant research and practice literature focuses on the experience of first-year students entering four-year colleges and universities.…

  16. Changing College Classrooms: New Teaching and Learning Strategies for an Increasingly Complex World. Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halpern, Diane F., Ed.; And Others

    This volume offers 19 papers by college faculty on concrete information and suggestions for the improvement of college teaching, student learning, and the whole education process. The titles and authors are: (1) "Rethinking College Instruction for a Changing World" (Diane F. Halpern); (2) "Inquiry as a Tool in Critical…

  17. Insights into the experiences of patients with cancer in London: framework analysis of free-text data from the National Cancer Patient Experience Survey 2012/2013 from the two London Integrated Cancer Systems

    PubMed Central

    Wiseman, Theresa; Lucas, Grace; Sangha, Amrit; Randolph, Anuska; Stapleton, Sarah; Pattison, Natalie; O'Gara, Geraldine; Harris, Katherine; Pritchard-Jones, Kathy; Dolan, Shelley

    2015-01-01

    Objective To shed light on experiences of patients with cancer in London National Health Service (NHS) trusts that may not be fully captured in national survey data, to inform improvement action plans by these trusts. Design Framework analysis of free-text data from 2012/2013 National Cancer Patient Experience Survey (NCPES) from the 2 London Integrated Cancer Systems. Setting and participants Patients with a cancer diagnosis treated by the NHS across 27 trusts in London. Main outcome measures Free-text data received from patients categorised into what patients found good about their cancer care and what could be improved. Methods Using Framework analysis, a thematic framework was created for 15 403 comments from over 6500 patients. Themes were identified across the London data set, by tumour group and by trust. Results Two-thirds of free-text comments from patients in London were positive and one-third of those related to the good quality of care those patients received. However, the majority of comments for improvement related to quality of care, with a focus on poor care, poor communication and waiting times in outpatient departments. Additionally, 577 patients (9% of those who returned free-text data in London) commented on issues pertaining to the questionnaire itself. Some patients who experienced care from multiple trusts were unclear on how to complete the questionnaire for the single trust whose care they were asked to comment on, others said the questions did not fit their experiences. Conclusions NCPES free-text analysis can shed light on the experiences of patients that closed questions might not reveal. It further indicates that there are issues with the survey itself, in terms of ambiguities in the questionnaire and difficulties in identifying patients within specific trusts. Both of these issues have the potential to contribute to knowledge and understanding of the uses and limitations of free-text data in improving cancer services. PMID:26482767

  18. What's Learned First, What's Learned Together? Developing a Yearlong Plan from the K-12 College and Career Ready Standards for English Language Arts and Literacy. From the College and Career Ready Standards to Teaching and Learning in the Classroom: A Series of Resources for Teachers. Updated August 2015

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mancevice, Nicole; Lozano, Maritza; Jones, Barbara; Tobiason, Glory; Heritage, Margaret; Chang, Sandy; Herman, Joan

    2015-01-01

    This resource is part of a series produced by the Center for Standards and Assessment Implementation (CSAI) to assist educators as they use College and Career Ready Standards (CCRS) to plan instruction for diverse learners. Although the processes described in this resource use the Common Core State Standards (CCSS; National Governors Association…

  19. Proving and Improving. Volume ll: Tools and Techniques for Assessing the First College Year. The First-Year Experience Monograph Series No. 37

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swing, Randy L., Ed.

    2004-01-01

    This second volume of "Proving and Improving" collects essays from the First-Year Assessment Listserv, which is hosted by the Policy Center on the First Year of College and the National Resource Center. Like the first volume, this one brings together the nation's leading experts and practitioners of assessment in the first college year. They offer…

  20. Fifty Years of College Choice: Social, Political and Institutional Influences on the Decision-Making Process. New Agenda Series. Volume 5, Number 3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kinzie, Jillian; Palmer, Megan; Hayek, John; Hossler, Don; Jacob, Stacy A.; Cummings, Heather

    2004-01-01

    The college-choice process is complex and affects many high school students, family members and public policy-makers, as well as institutions of higher education. This report provides an overview of the college-choice process for traditional-age students and examines how it has evolved during the last half of the 20th century. Material from the…

  1. A Game of Uncommon Skill: Leading the Modern College and University. American Council on Education/Oryx Press Series on Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Budig, Gene A.

    A former college president, chancellor, and baseball executive shares insights on the role of the university leader. This book outlines the skills a university administrator needs to survive and prosper. The chapters are: (1) "U.S. Colleges and Universities Today: Simply the Best"; (2) "Students Not Fooled"; (3) "The Faculty Remains"; (4)…

  2. Faculty and Administrator Data Use at Achieving the Dream Colleges: A Summary of Survey Findings. Culture of Evidence Series, Report No. 3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jenkins, Davis; Kerrigan, Monica Reid

    2009-01-01

    This study examines what specific data college faculty and administrators use in their jobs and the extent to which they use data analysis to design and improve the impact of programs and services. The study is based on a survey on the use of student data by faculty and administrators at 41 community colleges participating in Achieving the Dream:…

  3. Presidential Essays: Success Stories. Strategies That Make a Difference at Thirteen Independent Colleges and Universities. New Agenda Series[TM], Volume 2, Number 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Splete, Allen P., Ed.

    In this monograph, 13 college presidents describe ways in which they and their constituents have transformed their institutions. These success stories illustrate some of the most innovative practices occurring in small colleges today. The essays are: (1) "Repositioning for Success" (Louis J. Agnese, Jr., University of the Incarnate Word); (2)…

  4. On the College Student as an Individual: A Bibliography of Arthur W. Chickering. Vance Bibliographies, Public Administration Series: Bibliography P-823.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quay, Richard H.

    A bibliography of Arthur W. Chickering's works on the college student as an individual is presented. Specific topics include the following: diverse student bodies and a changing society, competency-based education, adult development and teaching-learning implications, lifelong learning by handicapped persons, college curriculum development,…

  5. Race, Income, and College in 25 Years: Evaluating Justice O'Connor's Conjecture. Center for Studies in Higher Education, Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.19.06

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krueger, Alan; Rothstein, Jesse; Turner, Sarah

    2006-01-01

    In Grutter v. Bollinger (2003), Justice Sandra Day O'Connor conjectured that in 25 years affirmative action in college admissions will be unnecessary. We project the test score distribution of black and white college applicants 25 years from now, focusing on the role of black-white family income gaps. Economic progress alone is unlikely to narrow…

  6. How High Schools and Colleges Can Team up to Use Data and Increase Student Success. Ready or Not: It's Time to Rethink the 12th Grade Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grady, Michael

    2016-01-01

    In today's digital age, it is widely accepted that effective use of data is essential to improving just about anything, and increasing college and career success is no exception. Yet, despite its proliferation, student information remains surprisingly underutilized, even in efforts to ease the critical transition from high school to college. This…

  7. Technician Supply and Demand: How Can Community and Technical Colleges Help Fill the Need? Council for Occupational Education Monograph Series, Volume 1, Number 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Owen, H. James

    In an effort to document how existing industry sees the current status of trained technicians, the American Association for Community and Junior Colleges' Council for Occupational Education, the Association of Community College Trustees, and the Electronic Industries Association conducted a targeted national survey of technician supply and demand.…

  8. Differential Effects on Student Demographic Groups of Using ACT® College Readiness Assessment Composite Score, Act Benchmarks, and High School Grade Point Average for Predicting Long-Term College Success through Degree Completion. ACT Research Report Series, 2013 (5)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Radunzel, Justine; Noble, Julie

    2013-01-01

    In this study, we evaluated the differential effects on racial/ethnic, family income, and gender groups of using ACT® College Readiness Assessment Composite score and high school grade point average (HSGPA) for predicting long-term college success. Outcomes included annual progress towards a degree (based on cumulative credit-bearing hours…

  9. Telelearning Models: Expanding the Community College Community. Nine Case Studies Showing How Colleges, Alone or in Partnerships, Creatively Utilize New Delivery Systems to Reach a Variety of Student Clienteles. AACJC Issues Series No. 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zigerell, James, Ed.

    Each of the nine articles in this monograph demonstrates the use of a particular telecommunications technology, or a mixture of technologies and media at particular community colleges. Following an introduction by James Zigerell, the monograph presents (1) "Teleconferencing: The Homebound Project at Rio Salado College," by Helen Sprawls, which…

  10. Dynamics of nitrifying bacterial communities in the Seine river and estuary as affected by changes in the treatment of Paris wastewater : a comparison of 2001-2003 vs 2012-2013 periods

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aissa Grouz, Najla; Billen, Gilles; Garnier, Josette; Mercier, Benjamin; Martinez, Anun

    2014-05-01

    The major branch of the Seine river from the confluence with the Marne river to the entrance of the estuary is deeply affected by the release of wastewater from the huge Paris agglomeration. In the first years of 2000, the largest part of the effluents were still discharged at the Seine-Aval (Achères) treatment plant with only a standard, low residence time, activated sludge treatment, thus releasing a high ammonium load. NH4 concentration as high as 7 mgN/l were frequently observed downstream from Paris agglomeration. Cébron et al. (2003, 2005) and Garnier et al. 2007 described in details how this massive reduced nitrogen concentrations triggered the growth of nitrifying bacteria, already present in the upstream Seine and Marne rivers, but also brought in large amount by the effluents of the wastewater treatment plant themselves. The decrease of ammonium concentration was slow, however, and was only completed 200 km downstream, in the upper estuarine area, where it causes a severe oxygen deficiency. Since 2007, important changes occurred in the treatment of nitrogen in the Parisian wastewater purification plants. In 2007, the Seine-Aval plant treated up to 90% of the ammonium contained in wastewater through nitrification, and 30% of the total supply of nitrates is treated by denitrification. These modifications have of course favorably affected the water quality of the Seine river: ammonium concentrations are reduced by a factor of 5 and the area of oxygen depletion in the upstream estuary is no more observed. However, nitrites, still released in the effluents, are a matter of concern for the water quality of the Seine downstream from Paris. Using measurements of potential microbial activities carried out with the same experimental protocol for the 2000-2003 and 2012-2013 periods, we here examine and model the dynamics of ammonium oxidizing and nitrite oxidizing microbial populations before and after the implementation of nitrification treatment of Paris

  11. Master Planning in Brazilian Higher Education: Expanding the 3-Year Public College System in the State of Sao Paulo. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.10.10

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pedrosa, Renato H. L.

    2010-01-01

    Until recently, Higher education (HE) in Brazil had been, identified with colleges and universities running traditional academic undergraduate programs, with expected graduation time of 4 years or more. The universities in the state of Sao Paulo are at the top of international rankings among Brazilian HEIs, accounting for about half of all indexed…

  12. Palomar College 1999-2000 Vocational Education Employer Study. Study Two in Series Two of the Vocational Education Employer Study of Palomar Graduates.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Pamela L.; Barton, Michelle

    This survey, developed by the faculty, program administrators, and Institutional Research and Planning Department of Palomar College in California, addresses employer attitudes regarding their experiences with Palomar graduates. The survey items range from open-ended questions to requests for agreement with a particular statement. Palomar…

  13. A History of Professional Writing Instruction in American Colleges: Years of Acceptance, Growth, and Doubt. SMU Studies in Composition and Rhetoric Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Katherine H.

    In addition to providing a chronicle of the history of college writing programs in America, this book recognizes their common beginnings, their respective strengths, and the collaboration necessary to train students to be effective writers. The book examines the common roots of courses in creative writing, journalism, technical and business…

  14. Financing a College Education: How It Works, How It's Changing. American Council on Education/Oryx Press Series on Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Jacqueline E., Ed.

    This collection of 15 essays by policy analysts and higher education specialists examines student financial aid, how policy and practice have changed, how student costs at U.S. colleges and universities are currently being met, and why and how enhancements to current programs would make the system more equitable. Following an introduction by D.…

  15. Transfer Students: Trends and Issues. New Directions for Community Colleges, Number 114. The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laanan, Frankie Santos, Ed.

    2001-01-01

    The summer 2001 issue of New Directions for Community Colleges evaluates recent research and policy discussions about transfer students and addresses the critical issues facing students moving through the educational pipeline. Chapters include: (1) "Transfer Student Adjustment" (Frankie Santos Laanan); (2) "Institutional Responses…

  16. National Survey of Freshman Seminar Programming, 1991. Helping First Year College Students Climb the Academic Ladder. The Freshman Year Experience: Monograph Series Number 10.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barefoot, Betsy O.; Fidler, Paul P.

    A national survey was conducted which examined the scope of freshman seminar programming, the characteristics of these seminars, and the variance between different types of freshman seminars with respect to their goals, topics addressed, and other characteristics. The study surveyed 2,460 regionally-accredited colleges and universities of whom…

  17. An Adaptation of Cameron's Model of Organizational Effectiveness at the Academic Department Level in Two-Year Community Colleges. Working Paper Series No. 1-87.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gigliotti, Linda I.

    In November 1985, a study was conducted within 10 State University of New York community colleges to determine whether faculty and department heads in a profession-based department (i.e., Business) and a discipline-based department (i.e., English) had the same perceptions of organizational effectiveness characteristics and organizational culture…

  18. The Evolution of the Methods and Rules of War. Topic #3 in a Series of International Security and Conflict Curricula for Grades 7-12 and Community College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riddle, Robin; And Others

    This eight-day unit is designed for use in social studies and science classes at the secondary and community college levels as a general introduction to the technical, organizational, legal, and ethical issues related to war. While this unit is not meant to serve as a complete history of war and warfare, it supplements the discussion of war by…

  19. Developing Successful Partnerships with Business and the Community. New Directions for Community Colleges. The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spangler, Mary S., Ed.

    2002-01-01

    This volume addresses the theme of collaboration and partnership among community colleges, businesses, and the community by focusing on credit-based examples of innovative connections. Each chapter describes the ingenuity of individuals committed to establishing a relationship based on a recognized need or opportunity. Each chapter also offers…

  20. Fencing with Words: A History of Writing Instruction at Amherst College during the Era of Theodore Baird, 1938-1966. Refiguring English Studies Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Varnum, Robin

    Citing the revolutionary ideas that Theodore Baird brought to his freshman composition classes at Amherst College (Massachusetts)--ideas such as requiring students to write often and from experience--this book examines the innovative work and groundbreaking ideas of Baird and his staff. The book focuses on Baird's pedagogy and his belief in a…

  1. Powerful Partnerships: Independent Colleges Share High-Impact Strategies for Low-Income Students' Success. New Agenda Series. Volume 5, Number 4

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lumina Foundation for Education, 2004

    2004-01-01

    Colleges and universities face financial and educational challenges in educating low-income students. The challenges arise not only from the students' more limited financial resources, but also from often related factors that affect students' preparation for and motivation to pursue higher education. To address this problem in keeping with…

  2. Redesigning Community Colleges for Completion: Lessons from Research on High-Performance Organizations. CCRC Working Paper No. 24. Assessment of Evidence Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jenkins, Davis

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines the research from within and outside of higher education on the practices of high-performance organizations. It assesses the extent to which community colleges generally are following these practices and evaluates current reform efforts in light of models of organizational effectiveness that emerge from the research literature.…

  3. Using National Newspapers in the College Classroom: Resources To Improve Teaching and Learning. The First-Year Experience & Students in Transition. Monograph Series, No. 28.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knowlton, Steven R., Ed.; Barefoot, Betsy O., Ed.

    Thirty-eight brief articles first make the case for using newspapers in the college classroom and then offer examples of how newspapers should be used in the following subject areas: business (advertising, business writing, management); English (composition, research writing, women's studies); first-year seminar (honors seminar, reading, study…

  4. Federal Support to Universities, Colleges, and Selected Nonprofit Institutions: Fiscal Year 1983. A Report to the President and Congress. Final Report. Surveys of Science Resources Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennof, Richard J.

    Data on fiscal year 1983 federal support to United States institutions of higher education are presented in 17 charts and 56 statistical tables, along with a condensed narrative analysis. The 15 federal agencies represented account for an estimated 95 percent of total obligations to colleges and universities and virtually all support for science…

  5. Births, Selected Grade Comparisons, High School Graduates, and Number Entering College for the State and the Counties, 1961 through 1996. Statistical Report Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward-Besser, Gail; Hearn, Cynthia A.

    State and county estimates of basic statistics relevant to educational planning in South Carolina are presented. The report includes actual and projected counts for grades 9 and 12, as well as actual and projected counts of first grade membership, high school graduates, and graduates who enter a college degree program. Enrollment figures have been…

  6. Experimentally Estimated Impacts of School Vouchers on College Enrollment and Degree Attainment. Program on Education Policy and Governance Working Papers Series. PEPG 15-01

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chingos, Matthew M.; Peterson, Paul E.

    2015-01-01

    We provide the first experimental estimates of the long-term impacts of a voucher to attend private school by linking data from a privately sponsored voucher initiative in New York City, which awarded the scholarships by lottery to low-income families, to administrative records on college enrollment and degree attainment. We find no significant…

  7. Educational Services (Except Elementary and Secondary Schools, and Colleges and Universities): 2002. 2002 Economic Census Educational Services Industry Series. EC02-61I-01.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Commerce, 2004

    2004-01-01

    In this report, information is provided about the Educational Services sector (sector 61), which comprises establishments that provide instruction and training in a wide variety of subjects. This instruction and training is provided by specialized establishments, such as schools, colleges, universities, and training centers. These establishments…

  8. Fundamentals of Learning. From the College and Career Ready Standards to Teaching and Learning in the Classroom: A Series of Resources for Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heritage, Margaret; Jones, Barbara; Tobiason, Glory; Chang, Sandy; Herman, Joan

    2015-01-01

    This publication provides a framework, the Fundamentals of Learning (FOL), to assist teachers in transitioning to the classroom practices called for in the College- and Career-Ready Standards (CCRS). The content of this resource is drawn from leading theory and research about learning and assessment and from an examination of the Common Core State…

  9. College-Community Relations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herrscher, Barton R.; Hatfield, Thomas M.

    1969-01-01

    Several aspects of college-community relations were discussed in this review. In the avocational realm, as well as the vocational, the 2-year college can serve the special needs and interests of the community. Short courses, lecture series, concerts, leisure activities and services, and community use of campus facilities help the community college…

  10. Differential Effects of Using ACT® College Readiness Assessment Scores and High School GPA to Predict First-Year College GPA among Racial/Ethnic, Gender, and Income Groups. ACT Research Report Series, 2013 (4)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanchez, Edgar I.

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the differential effects on student subgroups of using the ACT® College Readiness Assessment Composite (ACTC) score and high school grade point average (HSGPA) for making admission decisions. The subgroup characteristics investigated include race/ethnicity, gender, and income. For each student subgroup, we examine the effect of…

  11. How Chinese College Students Make Sense of Foreign Films and TV Series: Implications for the Development of Intercultural Communicative Competence in ELT

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Linda Hui; Fleming, Mike

    2013-01-01

    Films and TV series are widely used to support teaching in English language classrooms. They are seen largely as a source of authentic language, as a way of motivating students or as a means of conveying knowledge about another culture. There is less emphasis on their use as a focus for developing intercultural competence. This is particularly the…

  12. CNAV: A Unique Approach to a Web-Based College Information Navigator at Gettysburg College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martys, Michael; Redman, Don; Huff, Alice; Czar, Dave; Mullane, Pat; Bennett, Joseph; Getty, Robert

    In 1997, Gettysburg College (Pennsylvania) deployed the CNAV (College Navigation) Web tool to allow the students' and the entire college community the ability to better navigate through its college's curricular, co-curricular, and extracurricular offerings. CNAV is unique because, rather than treating the Web as a series of static pages, it treats…

  13. Literacy in Community Colleges. Junior College Resource Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yarrington, Roger; And Others

    This series of Junior College Resource Reviews focuses on the community college's role in literacy development. After Roger Yarrington's overview of the topic, Robert McCabe and Susan Skidmore consider "The Literacy Crisis and American Education." In light of the changing nature of work and the severe decline in the communication skills of youth,…

  14. Do I Belong Here? Exploring Immigrant College Student Responses on the SERU Survey Sense of Belonging/Satisfaction Factor. SERU Consortium Research Paper. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.13.10

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stebleton, Michael J.; Huesman, Ronald L., Jr.; Kuzhabekova, Aliya

    2010-01-01

    The immigrant college student population will likely continue to increase. This exploratory study addresses the questions: To what extent does sense of belonging/satisfaction of recent immigrant college students differ from non-immigrant college students? Do perceived self-ratings of belonging vary by immigrant generations? This research draws on…

  15. A COMPARISON OF THE COLLEGE PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS WHO DID AND THOSE WHO DID NOT STUDY VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE IN GEORGIA HIGH SCHOOLS. VOCATIONAL EDUCATION IN AGRICULTURE, RESEARCH SERIES. (TITLE SUPPLIED).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LESTER, H.T., JR.; O'KELLEY, G.L., JR.

    THE OBJECTIVE OF THIS STUDY WAS TO DETERMINE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN (1) MEAN COLLEGE FRESHMAN GRADES, (2) SPECIFIC COURSE GRADES, AND (3) COLLEGE ENTRANCE EXAMINATION BOARD SCORES FOR A GROUP OF FORMER VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE STUDENTS AND A GROUP WITHOUT VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE. THE STUDY POPULATION WAS LIMITED TO 148 MALE COLLEGE FRESHMEN AT ABRAHAM…

  16. [Issues in California Community Colleges].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grosz, Karen Sue, Ed.

    1988-01-01

    Designed as a forum for the exchange of ideas among California community college faculty, this journal offers a series of articles addressing instructional and administrative concerns. The volume contains: (1) "Campus Life: A Book Review," by John McFarland; (2) "The Scholar in the Two-Year College: Magritte's Mermaid or…

  17. Illinois Community College Board Policy Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

    The fifth in a series of revised editions since 1967, this 1978 manual provides policy guidelines for Illinois public community colleges. Chapter 1 covers the state college board definitions relative to community college operations policy. Chapter 2 deals with board operation and general policies according to such topics as power and duties;…

  18. Collection Assessment: The Florida Community College Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perrault, Anna H.; Dixon, Jeannie

    2007-01-01

    Beginning in 1994, a series of collection analysis and assessment projects of community college library/LRC collections in Florida has been conducted by the College Center for Library Automation (CCLA). The purpose of the assessments conducted through LINCC, the network for Florida community colleges, was to provide data for improvement of…

  19. Degassing regime of Hekla volcano 2012-2013

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ilyinskaya, Evgenia; Aiuppa, Alessandro; Bergsson, Baldur; Di Napoli, Rossella; Fridriksson, Thráinn; Óladóttir, Audur Agla; Óskarsson, Finnbogi; Grassa, Fausto; Pfeffer, Melissa; Lechner, Katharina; Yeo, Richard; Giudice, Gaetano

    2015-06-01

    Hekla is a frequently active volcano with an infamously short pre-eruptive warning period. Our project contributes to the ongoing work on improving Hekla's monitoring and early warning systems. In 2012 we began monitoring gas release at Hekla. The dataset comprises semi-permanent near-real time measurements with a MultiGAS system, quantification of diffuse gas flux, and direct samples analysed for composition and isotopes (δ13C, δD and δ18O). In addition, we used reaction path modelling to derive information on the origin and reaction pathways of the gas emissions. Hekla's quiescent gas composition was CO2-dominated (0.8 mol fraction) and the δ13C signature was consistent with published values for Icelandic magmas. The gas is poor in H2O and S compared to hydrothermal manifestations and syn-eruptive emissions from other active volcanic systems in Iceland. The total CO2 flux from Hekla central volcano (diffuse soil emissions) is at least 44 T d-1, thereof 14 T d-1 are sourced from a small area at the volcano's summit. There was no detectable gas flux at other craters, even though some of them had higher ground temperatures and had erupted more recently. Our measurements are consistent with a magma reservoir at depth coupled with a shallow dike beneath the summit. In the current quiescent state, the composition of the exsolved gas is substantially modified along its pathway to the surface through cooling and interaction with wall-rock and groundwater. The modification involves both significant H2O condensation and scrubbing of S-bearing species, leading to a CO2-dominated gas emitted at the summit. We conclude that a compositional shift towards more S- and H2O-rich gas compositions if measured in the future by the permanent MultiGAS station should be viewed as sign of imminent volcanic unrest on Hekla.

  20. Annual State of Public Education Report, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guam Department of Education, 2013

    2013-01-01

    This report addresses the reporting requirements of Public Law 26-26 and the provisions of "No Child Left Behind" ("NCLB") as described in the Guam Department of Education Board adopted "District Action Plan" ("DAP"). Public Law 26-26, Section 3106 states that "No later than thirty (30) days following…

  1. First 5 Kern Annual Report: Fiscal Year 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Jianjun

    2014-01-01

    Scientific discoveries indicated the importance of brain growth during the first 5 years of child life. To support early childhood development, California voter passed Proposition 10 in 1998 to collect a 50 cent per pack tax on cigarettes and other tobacco products. Kern County Children and Families Commission (First 5 Kern) receives funding from…

  2. Dengue outbreak--Federated States of Micronesia, 2012-2013.

    PubMed

    2013-07-19

    On September 26, 2012, a woman aged 35 years from Kosrae in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) was hospitalized with fever, headache, muscle pain, vomiting, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia. A rapid diagnostic test (RDT) (Dengue Duo, Standard Diagnostics Inc.) was positive for dengue virus (DENV) nonstructural protein-1 (NS1). During the next week, seven more persons with suspected dengue were tested with the RDT, of whom three were RDT-positive for NS1 or anti-DENV immunoglobulin M (IgM). During October, the Kosrae State Department of Health Services, with support from the FSM Department of Health and Social Affairs and the World Health Organization (WHO), responded to the outbreak with enhanced surveillance, training in clinical management, analysis of hospital surge capacity, a rapid mosquito survey to identify species and distributions, and control measures. By March 14, 2013, approximately 3.7% of Kosrae State residents had been hospitalized with suspected dengue. The outbreak consumed scarce medical and public health services, including outpatient, inpatient, and laboratory services, resulting in redirection of human and material resources from other important medical and public health activities. Because the health consequences of dengue can be substantial in resource-limited settings, Pacific Island nations might wish to consider preparedness measures for dengue outbreaks such as developing and testing outbreak response plans and ensuring adequate capacity for epidemiologic surveillance and laboratory testing.

  3. Sustainable NREL Biennial Report, FY 2012 - 2013 (Management Report)

    SciTech Connect

    Slovensky, M.

    2014-03-01

    NREL's Sustainability Program plays a vital role bridging research and operations - integrating energy efficiency, water and material resource conservation and cultural change - adding depth in the fulfillment of NREL's mission. The report, per the GRI reporting format, elaborates on multi-year goals relative to executive orders, achievements, and challenges; and success stories provide specific examples. A section called "The Voice of NREL" gives an inside perspective of how to become more sustainable while at the same time addressing climate change.

  4. MCPS Special Education at a Glance 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Public Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    Montgomery County Public Schools (MCPS) "Special Education at a Glance," which includes a copy of the "Guide to Planning and Assessing School-Based Special Education Programs," provides in a single document, information about the special education population at each Montgomery County (Maryland) public school, including…

  5. Council on Social Work Education: Annual Report 2012/2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council on Social Work Education, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The Council on Social Work Education (CSWE) is a nonprofit national association representing more than 2,500 individual members as well as 685 graduate and undergraduate programs of professional social work education. Founded in 1952, this partnership of educational and professional institutions, social welfare agencies, and private citizens is…

  6. Audit of the Bloodhound Education Programme, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Straw, Suzanne; Jeffes, Jennifer; Dawson, Anneka; Lord, Pippa

    2015-01-01

    The National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER) was commissioned by the "Bloodhound Education Programme" (BEP) to conduct an audit of its activities throughout 2012 and early 2013. The audit included: telephone consultations with a range of stakeholders; analysis of monitoring and internal evaluation data; and attendance at two…

  7. MCPS School Safety & Security at a Glance 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Public Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    "MCPS School Safety and Security at a Glance" provides, in a single document, information about the reporting of incidents related to school safety and security, school climate, local school safety program descriptions, and serious incidents. Information is presented for each Montgomery County (Maryland) public school. While much of this…

  8. Introduction to the 2012-2013 Tolbachik eruption special issue

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Edwards, Benjamin R.; Belousov, Alexander; Belousova, Marina; Volynets, Anna

    2015-12-01

    The Tolbachik volcanic complex in central Kamchatka holds a special place in global volcanological studies. It is one of 4 areas of extensive historic volcanic activity in the northern part of the Central Kamchatka Depression (the others being Klyuchevskoy, Bezymianny, Shiveluch), and is part of the Klyuchevskoy volcanic group, which is one of the most active areas of volcanism on Earth. Tolbachik is especially well-known due largely to the massive 1975-1976 eruption that became known as the Great Tolbachik Fissure eruption (GTFE; Fedotov, 1983; Fedotov et al., 1984). This was one of the first eruptions in Russia to be predicted based on precursory seismic activity, based on M5 earthquakes approximately one week before the eruption started, and was intensively studied during its course by a large number of Russian scientists. A summary of those studies was published, first in Russian and then in English, and it became widely read for many reasons. One in particular is that the eruption was somewhat unusual for a subduction zone setting; although many subduction zone stratovolcanoes have associated basaltic tephra cone-lava fields, this was the first such Hawaiian-style eruption to be widely observed. After the end of the eruption in 1976, the complex showed no signs of activity until 27 November 2012, when increased seismic activity was registered by the Kamchatka Branch of the Russian Geophysical Survey and a red glow from the eruption site was first noticed through the snowstorm haze. This prompted them, and then the Kamchatka Volcanic Emergency Response Team (KVERT) to issue an alert that activity was coming from the south flank of Plosky Tolbachik volcano, the younger of two volcanic edifices (the older is Ostry Tolbachik) that together make up the bulk of the complex along with tephra cone-lava fields that lie along a NE-SW fissure zone that transects Plosky Tolbachik. The new eruption lasted for more than 250 days and, like the 1975-1976 eruption, was dominated by Hawaiian-style activity. With the start of the eruption coinciding with the onset of winter months in Kamchatka, field observations, while virtually continuous, were also not as numerous as those that documented the GTFE 36 years previously. Nonetheless the Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (IVS) in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky provided almost continuous field-based coverage throughout the eruption. Many of the research projects begun during the eruption comprise international teams of scientists who were able to partner with IVS through international funding, particularly through the United States National Science Foundation and the National Geographic Committee for Research.

  9. NSHE E-Learning Report, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nevada System of Higher Education, 2013

    2013-01-01

    E-learning is a field of continuous improvement and change, and the Nevada System of Higher Education (NSHE) institutions are constantly working to extend their offerings beyond their physical limits to meet the learning needs of students in Nevada. Without e-learning many students, especially those living in Nevada's extensive rural areas and…

  10. Comprehensive T-Matrix Reference Database: A 2012 - 2013 Update

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mishchenko, Michael I.; Videen, Gorden; Khlebtsov, Nikolai G.; Wriedt, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    The T-matrix method is one of the most versatile, efficient, and accurate theoretical techniques widely used for numerically exact computer calculations of electromagnetic scattering by single and composite particles, discrete random media, and particles imbedded in complex environments. This paper presents the fifth update to the comprehensive database of peer-reviewed T-matrix publications initiated by us in 2004 and includes relevant publications that have appeared since 2012. It also lists several earlier publications not incorporated in the original database, including Peter Waterman's reports from the 1960s illustrating the history of the T-matrix approach and demonstrating that John Fikioris and Peter Waterman were the true pioneers of the multi-sphere method otherwise known as the generalized Lorenz - Mie theory.

  11. PEO Ammunition Systems Portfolio Book 2012-2013

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-02-02

    Lightweight cannons, bipods and base plates reduce system weight by 20% over legacy systems FIELDING: FY09-FY12: • 60mm: Active – 10 Bdes; Reserve...tighten the sleeve, and a flange with two nail holes included for vertical mounting. The base of the bracket is pointed for in- ground ...FED 215) is crimped into center of the base plug CAPABILITY: • M385A1 Used for Practice and Proof- Testing Only SYSTEM CHARACTERISTICS

  12. 2012-2013 influenza update: hitting a rapidly moving target.

    PubMed

    Jin, Xian Wen; Mossad, Sherif Beniameen

    2012-11-01

    From the deadly 2009 influenza A H1N1 pandemic to the looming threat of bird flu H5N1, the recent outbreak of swine flu H3N2v at agriculture fairs, and the emergence of drug-resistant H1N1, we are constantly challenged by influenza viruses. Vaccination remains the main strategy for prevention. With the knowledge gained from past pandemics, an adequate vaccine supply, and an updated preventive strategy, we are in a better position to face the challenge.

  13. Update: Transitional Bilingual Instruction Program (TBIP) 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malagon, Helen; McCold, Paul; Nelson, Joan Johnston

    2013-01-01

    When students with little or no previous exposure to the English language enter schools in Washington, they are often unable to fully benefit from content instruction provided in English. They are at a high risk of academic failure unless the necessary language support is provided. The Transitional Bilingual Instruction Program (TBIP) provides…

  14. We Save, We Go to College. Creating a Financial Stake in College: Report III of IV

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliott, William, III

    2012-01-01

    "Creating a Financial Stake in College" is a four-part series of reports that focuses on the relationship between children's savings and improving college success. This series examines: (1) why policymakers should care about savings, (2) the relationship between inequality and bank account ownership, (3) the connections between savings and college…

  15. Los Rios Community College District Fall 2000 Student Profile, Based upon First Census Data.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glyer-Culver, Betty

    This is the eleventh in a series of Los Rios Community College District (LRCCD) (California) fall student profiles. These annual summaries provide the district and its colleges--American River College (ARC), Cosumnes River College (CRC), and Sacramento City College (SCC)--with data on student demographics and enrollment trends. The Fall 2000…

  16. Los Rios Community College District. Spring 1999 Student Profile, Based upon First Census Data.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glyer-Culver, Betty

    This report, the second in a series based upon the official Spring First Census, provides data on student demographics and enrollment trends from spring 1994 to spring 1999 for the three colleges in California's Los Rios Community College District: American River College, Cosumnes River College, and Sacramento City College. For the first time, the…

  17. College Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapa, Marisa; Galvan-De Leon, Vanessa; Solis, Judith; Mundy, Marie-Anne

    2014-01-01

    During the 79th Texas Legislature, the bill "Advancement of College Readiness in Curriculum" was passed (THECB). As a response to this, high schools and colleges have combined forming an early college high school. The result of this union was a program that condensed the time it took to complete both the high school diploma and up to two…

  18. Assiniboine Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Minerva

    This series of illustrated booklets presents 13 Indian stories in a bilingual format of English and Assiniboine, an Indian tribal language. Written on the first grade level, the stories have the following titles: (1) "Orange Tree in Lodgepole"; (2) "Pretty Flower"; (3) Inktomi and the Rock"; (4) "Inktomi and the…

  19. NEW DIMENSIONS IN JUNIOR COLLEGE PLANNING.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BOYCE, R. DUDLEY; AND OTHERS

    THIS REPORT CONSISTS OF A SERIES OF DISCUSSIONS BY MANY AUTHORS IN FOUR BROAD DIMENSIONS RELATIVE TO JUNIOR COLLEGES. THE FIRST DIMENSION IS PURPOSES AND DEALS WITH THE UNIQUE ROLE OF THE COMMUNITY JUNIOR COLLEGE, PROVISIONS FOR FACILITIES, PROBLEMS, AND POTENTIALITIES. THE SECOND DIMENSION FOCUSES ON PLANNING AND REPORTS ON STUDIES IN PLANNING…

  20. College and Career Counseling Training Initiative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    The Southern Regional Education Board's (SREB) College and Career Counseling Training Initiative works to increase the knowledge and skills of counselors who advise students on their postsecondary aspirations. Membership in the initiative provides access to Strategies in College and Career Counseling, a series of online training modules that can…

  1. Community College Exemplary Instructional Programs, Volume III.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fideler, Elizabeth F., Ed.; Bazer, Gerald, Ed.

    Third in an annual series, this volume presents brief descriptions of a number of outstanding community college instructional programs identified by the National Council of Instructional Administrators (NCIA). Each description includes the address and telephone number of the college in which the program operates, and the names of the college…

  2. Los Rios Community College District Office of Institutional Research. Fall 2004 Student Profile. Based upon First Census Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glyer-Culver, Betty

    2004-01-01

    This annual summary provides one in a series of semester-based reports that presents a profile of Los Rios Community College District students enrolled at First Census (taken at the 4th week of classes). The Fall 2004 Student Profile provides the District and its colleges-American River College, Cosumnes River College, Folsom Lake College and…

  3. Timing Is Everything: A Comparative Study of the Adjustment Process of Fall and Mid-Year Community College Transfer Students at a Public Four-Year University. Working Paper Series. Number 1-10

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peska, Scott F.

    2009-01-01

    This sequential mixed method study (Creswell, 2003) compared the adjustment process of community college transfer students who began in the fall to those who began mid-year, beginning with a quantitative phase and extending to a qualitative phase of data collection in the fall semester and repeating this same sequence of data gathering with…

  4. Predicting Long-Term College Success through Degree Completion Using ACT[R] Composite Score, ACT Benchmarks, and High School Grade Point Average. ACT Research Report Series, 2012 (5)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Radunzel, Justine; Noble, Julie

    2012-01-01

    This study compared the effectiveness of ACT[R] Composite score and high school grade point average (HSGPA) for predicting long-term college success. Outcomes included annual progress towards a degree (based on cumulative credit-bearing hours earned), degree completion, and cumulative grade point average (GPA) at 150% of normal time to degree…

  5. Reading across Texts: A Resource for Planning Multiple Source Comprehension Tasks. From College and Career Ready Standards to Teaching and Learning in the Classroom: A Series of Resources for Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mancevice, Nicole; Herman, Joan L.

    2016-01-01

    College and Career Ready Standards (CCRS) set the expectation that students will be able to navigate multiple texts, evaluate the claims that authors make, notice and account for any conflicting points of view, and synthesize information as they develop an understanding of a concept or event. CCRS establish these learning expectations, but they do…

  6. High-Leverage Principles of Effective Instruction for English Learners. From College and Career Ready Standards to Teaching and Learning in the Classroom: A Series of Resources for Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neri, Rebecca; Lozano, Maritza; Chang, Sandy; Herman, Joan

    2016-01-01

    New college and career ready standards (CCRS) have established more rigorous expectations of learning for all learners, including English learner (EL) students, than what was expected in previous standards. A common feature in these new content-area standards, such as the Common Core State Standards in English language arts and mathematics and the…

  7. Do School Districts Get What They Pay for? Predicting Teacher Effectiveness by College Selectivity, Experience, Etc. Program on Education Policy and Governance Working Papers Series. PEPG 10-08

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chingos, Matthew; Peterson, Paul E.

    2010-01-01

    Holding a college major in education is not correlated with effectiveness in elementary and middle school classrooms, regardless of the university at which the major was earned. Teachers do become more effective with a few years of teaching experience, but (except in elementary reading) no gains--and some declines--in effectiveness appear in the…

  8. Major Concepts/Events in United States-Soviet Union Relations: From the Origins to Recognition. Topic #4 in a Series of International Security and Conflict Curricula for Grades 9-12 and Community College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riddle, Robin; And Others

    This 4-day supplementary curriculum unit is designed for use in social studies classes at the upper secondary (9-12) and community college levels. The curriculum unit seeks to explore the roots of contemporary relations between the United State and Soviet Union through an examination of how that relationship evolved from the 18th century to the…

  9. Discovering Perceptions of the Essence of College-Level Writing: Transcendental Phenomenological Inquiry in a Midwestern Community College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Nathan B.

    2016-01-01

    The perceptions of six community college faculty members about the qualities of college-level writing were explored in a series of guided interviews conducted at Prairie Community College (a pseudonym) located in the central time zone of the United States. The study examined the perceptions of the six faculty members with regard to important…

  10. College Radio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sauls, Samuel J.

    As with commercial stations, the underlying premise of the college radio station is to serve the community, whether it be the campus community or the community at large, but in unique ways often geared to underserved niches of the population. Much of college radio's charm lies in its unpredictable nature and constant mutations. The stations give…

  11. Electoral College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldstein, Joel K.

    1996-01-01

    Examines one of the least understood institutions of U.S. politics, the Electoral College. Discusses the historical circumstances resulting in its creation as well as the current structure and membership. Provides arguments for and against continuation of the Electoral College. (MJP)

  12. Navigating College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arum, Richard

    2016-01-01

    Students moving from high school to college in the United States typically confront a bewildering set of largely unstructured options. In the absence of clear signals about how to get the most out of college, they often choose pathways that involve limited academic rigor and engagement. In this article, Richard Arum describes a study that followed…

  13. Focus: A Forum on Teaching and Learning in Utah Community Colleges, Volume VII, September 1988.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carpenter, Don A., Ed.

    1988-01-01

    Designed as a forum for the exchange of ideas on teaching and learning in Utah's community colleges, this journal presents a series of essays by college faculty. The September 1988 issue contains: (1) "The Community College Academic Environment--And Me," by Timothy R. Bywater, which highlights the strengths of Dixie College, including…

  14. Light: Teacher's Curriculum Guide for the Thirteen-College Curriculum Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George, Aleyamma; Ragland, Leon

    This booklet is a teacher's manual in a series of booklets that make up the core of a Physical Science course designed for the freshman year of college and used by teachers in the 27 colleges participating in the Thirteen College Curriculum Program. This program is a curriculum revision project in support of 13 predominantly Negro colleges and…

  15. Accountability and Productivity. Report for the Illinois Community College System, 1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

    Within the Illinois Community College System (ICCS), each of the 49 member colleges reports to the Illinois Community College Board (ICCB) on their improvements in productivity. This report summarizes the productivity reports on the ICCS colleges, examines the results of a series of analyses of productivity conducted by the ICCB from a statewide…

  16. California Community College Transfer Rates: Who Is Counted Makes a Difference. MPR Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horn, Laura; Lew, Stephen

    2007-01-01

    This is the first in a series of MPR Research Briefs published on the outcomes and experiences of California community college students. California Community Colleges (CCC) enroll roughly two-thirds of all California college students and nearly one-fourth of all community college students in the nation. Their low fees and open-admission policies…

  17. Prevalence of colour blindness among the first year medical & dental students of Mymensingh Medical College, Bangladesh.

    PubMed

    Hossain, M I; Nahar, L; Dad, M S; Islam, M F; Uddin, M M

    2013-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to detect the etiology, type and prevalence of colour blindness & to create awareness among the blind personnel. A survey of colour blindness among 239 ( male-87 & female-152) Medical and Dental first year students during their medical checkup before admission into Mymensingh Medical College in the session of 2012-2013 was done. Among them 8(male-7, female-1) were colour blind and prevalence was 3.35 % with a marked male predominance (male 8.04%, female 0.66 %). In view of the potential difficulties faced by such personnel in clinical works, detection during medical admission allowed appropriate counseling regarding subject selection for their future carrier.

  18. Transitioning Students out of College: The Senior LC in Psychology at Wagner College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nolan, Laurence J.; Jenkins, Steve M.

    2012-01-01

    At Wagner College, students are required to participate in a series of three curriculum-based learning communities (C-BLCs) as the core of the undergraduate curriculum known as the Wagner Plan for the Practical Liberal Arts. This article describes the senior learning community (LC) in psychology at Wagner College, which is an example of a…

  19. INTERMEDIATE CHINESE. YALE LINGUISTIC SERIES, 7.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DE FRANCIS, JOHN; TENG, CHIA-YEE

    THIS TEXT IS THE SECOND IN A SERIES OF THREE CLOSELY INTEGRATED VOLUMES FOR TEACHING SPOKEN CHINESE TO SPEAKERS OF ENGLISH AT THE HIGH SCHOOL OR COLLEGE LEVEL. THE TWENTY DIALOGS WHICH FORM THE CORE MATERIAL OF THIS BOOK WERE FIRST RECORDED AND THEN TRANSCRIBED AND EDITED IN PINYIN ROMANIZATION. THUS, THESE CONVERSATIONS ABOUT EVERYDAY TOPICS ARE…

  20. The Compensation Committee. AGB Effective Committee Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hyatt, Thomas K.

    2013-01-01

    This publication is part of an Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges (AGB) series devoted to strengthening the role of key standing committees of governing boards. While there is no optimum committee system for institutions of higher education, certain principles, practices, and procedures prevail. The best practices…

  1. The Audit Committee. AGB Effective Committee Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Staisloff, Richard L.

    2011-01-01

    This publication is part of an Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges (AGB) series devoted to strengthening the role of key standing committees of governing boards. While there is no optimum committee system for institutions of higher education, certain principles, practices, and procedures prevail. The best practices…

  2. The Executive Committee. AGB Effective Committee Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Legon, Richard D.

    2012-01-01

    This publication is part of an Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges (AGB) series devoted to strengthening the role of key standing committees of governing boards. While there is no optimum committee system for institutions of higher education, certain principles, practices, and procedures prevail. The best practices…

  3. The Facilities Committee. AGB Effective Committee Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaiser, Harvey H.

    2012-01-01

    This publication is part of an Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges (AGB) series devoted to strengthening the role of key standing committees of governing boards. While there is no optimum committee system for institutions of higher education, certain principles, practices, and procedures prevail. The best practices…

  4. One hundred years of college mental health.

    PubMed

    Kraft, David P

    2011-01-01

    Although the first student health service is credited to Amherst College in 1861, almost 50 years passed before Princeton University established the first mental health service in 1910. At that time, a psychiatrist was hired to help with student personality development. Although other schools subsequently established such services, the first 50 years of college mental health were marked by a series of national conferences. At the American Student Health Association's annual meeting in 1920, "mental hygiene" was identified as critical for college campuses to assist students to reach their highest potential. However, it took another 40 years before mental health and psychological counseling services became common on college and university campuses. The American College Health Association formed a Mental Health Section to serve mental health professionals in 1957, and most colleges and universities have now developed mental health and counseling programs commensurate with the size of their student bodies.

  5. Hamilton College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudy, Julia

    1989-01-01

    A description of Hamilton College's campus computing environment looks at the planning and management of information technology, computing services, the telephone network, faculty and student computing, and computer applications in the library. (MSE)

  6. Teacher Resource Materials. General Bibliography Series, Bibliography 36.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ERIC Information Analysis Center for Science Education, Columbus, OH.

    This sixth volume in the fourth series of general bibliographies produced by the Science and Mathematics Education Information Analysis Center updates, but does not replace, previous bibliographies in this series. Documents which contain resource materials for teachers of elementary, secondary, and college science, and which have been indexed or…

  7. Return periods of losses associated with European windstorm series in a changing climate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karremann, Melanie K.; Pinto, Joaquim G.; Reyers, Mark; Klawa, Matthias

    2015-04-01

    During the last decades, several windstorm series hit Europe leading to large aggregated losses. Such storm series are examples of serial clustering of extreme cyclones, presenting a considerable risk for the insurance industry. Clustering of events and return periods of storm series affecting Europe are quantified based on potential losses using empirical models. Moreover, possible future changes of clustering and return periods of European storm series with high potential losses are quantified. Historical storm series are identified using 40 winters of NCEP reanalysis data (1973/1974 - 2012/2013). Time series of top events (1, 2 or 5 year return levels) are used to assess return periods of storm series both empirically and theoretically. Return periods of historical storm series are estimated based on the Poisson and the negative binomial distributions. Additionally, 800 winters of ECHAM5/MPI-OM1 general circulation model simulations for present (SRES scenario 20C: years 1960- 2000) and future (SRES scenario A1B: years 2060- 2100) climate conditions are investigated. Clustering is identified for most countries in Europe, and estimated return periods are similar for reanalysis and present day simulations. Future changes of return periods are estimated for fixed return levels and fixed loss index thresholds. For the former, shorter return periods are found for Western Europe, but changes are small and spatially heterogeneous. For the latter, which combines the effects of clustering and event ranking shifts, shorter return periods are found everywhere except for Mediterranean countries. These changes are generally not statistically significant between recent and future climate. However, the return periods for the fixed loss index approach are mostly beyond the range of preindustrial natural climate variability. This is not true for fixed return levels. The quantification of losses associated with storm series permits a more adequate windstorm risk assessment in a

  8. Chemistry - Part III, An Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Student Workbook for the Thirteen-College Curriculum Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Booker, Edward; And Others

    This booklet is a student manual in a series of booklets that make up the core of a Physical Science course designed for the freshman year of college and used by teachers in the 27 colleges participating in the Thirteen College curriculum Program. This program is a curriculum revision project in support of 13 predominantly Negro colleges and…

  9. College education

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Criswell, David R.

    1990-01-01

    Space Grant Colleges and Universities must build the space curriculum of the future on the firm basis of deep knowledge of an involvement with the present operating programs of the nation and an on-going and extensive program of leading edge research in the aerospace sciences and engineering, management, law, finance, and the other arts that are integral to our planetary society. The Space Grant College and Fellowship Program must create new academic fields of enquiry, which is a long and difficult process that will require deeper and broader interaction between NASA and academia than has previously existed.

  10. The Junior College and the Courts: Summaries of Decisions Related to Authorization and Control. The Junior College and the Courts, Part I: Authorization and Control.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frankie, Richard J.

    This, the first of a series of three publications dealing with the junior college and the courts, summarizes 17 selected case decisions from 1929-70 relating to the authorization and control of the junior college. The cases, treated chronologically, involve private and public colleges. The legal aspects are complex and often in conflict, for the…

  11. College Valuations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubin, Marc

    2015-01-01

    Using the data published by "Boston" magazine and the New England Board of Higher Education's "2016 Guide to New England Colleges & Universities," Marc Rubin examined higher education institutions (HEIs) prices, defined as tuition and plus fees, as a function of several independent factors including: (1) Percentage of…

  12. College Studying.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nist, Sherrie L.; Simpson, Michele

    2002-01-01

    Notes that many students enter postsecondary institutions unprepared to meet the studying demands placed on them. Examines models and taxonomies that have guided researchers as they have investigated studying. Reviews research factors related to studying at the college level: course characteristics, learner characteristics, and learning…

  13. The Community College Option

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenbaum, James E.; Ahearn, Caitlin; Rosenbaum, Janet

    2016-01-01

    Efforts to promote college for all for all has opened college doors to a broad range of students. But college--and career success after college--doesn't have to mean a bachelor's degree. Community college credentials, such as associate's degrees and one-year certificates, can lead to further degrees or jobs that offer more benefits than students…

  14. Community College Exemplary Instructional Programs, 1988-1989.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fideler, Elizabeth F., Ed.; Bazer, Gerald, Ed.

    Second in an annual series, this volume presents brief descriptions of a number of outstanding community college instructional programs identified by the National Council of Instructional Administrators (NCIA). Each description includes the address and telephone number of the college in which the program operates, and the names of the college…

  15. Building Strong Communities: Tribal Colleges as Engaged Institutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cunningham, Alisa Federico; Redmond, Christina

    This policy report explores the expanding role of Tribal colleges and Universities in serving local communities and examines the challenges and successes in some specific areas of involvement. The report is the fourth in a series under the Tribal College Research and Database Initiative, which has collected data over the last 3 years regarding…

  16. Comprehensive Minority SEM Programs at Santa Fe Community College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pantano, John

    Santa Fe Community College (SFCC) has developed a series of minority science, engineering, and mathematics (SEM) programs to address the growing need for students receiving college and advanced degrees in science-based career fields and the underrepresentation of minorities in these fields. The goals of the SEM programs are to interest more women…

  17. Preventing Dangerous College Drinking Is Possible. E-Fact Sheet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Higher Education Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse and Violence Prevention, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Alcohol is all too often seen as an accepted part of college life, but there are programs that can significantly reduce students' risky drinking, according to a series of studies in a special college drinking supplement of the "Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs." Fourteen studies detail results of projects funded by the National…

  18. Economic Impacts of Maryland Community Colleges: A Closer Look.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linthicum, Dorothy S.

    The short-term impacts of public community colleges upon the business and government sectors of Maryland's economy were measured through a series of linear cash-flow formulas. In 1976-77, total direct and indirect expenditures attributable to the 17 colleges in areas of salaries, purchase of materials, and capital building improvements were almost…

  19. Trends in Community College Enrollment and Completion Data, 2015

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Juszkiewicz, Jolanta

    2015-01-01

    This is the second of a series of reports on trends in national community college enrollments. National community college enrollments continue to decrease, with variations at the state and local levels. The report also examines completion rates published by the U.S. Department of Education (ED) based on institutional level reporting, and those…

  20. Alternative Funding Sources. New Directions for Community Colleges, Number 68.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Catanzaro, James L., Ed.; Arnold, Allen D., Ed.

    1989-01-01

    In an effort to identify and tap new sources of funds for community colleges, this monograph presents a series of descriptive articles on the most successful alternative funding ventures. In addition, the sourcebook provides a sense of where and how new ventures have aided two-year colleges and how other institutions might follow in this pursuit.…

  1. Winning Strategies in Challenging Times for Advancing Small Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willmer, Wesley K., Ed.

    This volume contains nine papers on advancement issues and strategies for small colleges in the context of this decade's economic and social challenges. Chapter 1, "Setting the Stage" (Wesley K. Willmer), reports on a study of the advancement programs of smaller colleges in 1990-91, the third in a series of studies beginning in 1977-78. Chapter 2,…

  2. A Review Essay--George B. Vaughan: Questioning the Community College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yarrington, Roger

    1981-01-01

    A review of George B. Vaughan's introductory article for the series "New Directions for Community Colleges" is presented, including summaries of critical works on community colleges and pieces by authors who reexamine their own criticisms. Observations of "outsiders" are seen as essential to community college leaders. (MLW)

  3. The Gas Laws and the Kinetic Theory: Curriculum Guide for the Thirteen-College Curriculum Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daniel, Army; And Others

    This booklet is both a teacher's manual and a student's manual in a series of booklets that make up the core of a Physical Science course designed for the freshman year of college and used by teachers in the 27 colleges participating in the Thirteen College Curriculum Program. This program is a curriculum revision project in support of 13…

  4. Perspectives on Community College ESL, Volume 2: Students, Mission, and Advocacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blumenthal, Amy, Ed.; Machado, Craig, Ed.

    2006-01-01

    The Perspectives on Community College ESL series brings into practical focus a wide and diverse array of reflective work on ESL education in U.S. community college settings. It draws on the broad mission and constituencies that community colleges throughout the country must embrace in order to be effective. Volume two, Students, Mission, and…

  5. Continuing a College Education: A Guide for the American Indian Student.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minugh, Carol

    The first in a 3-part series developed to assist the American Indian student in transferring successfully from a 2-year community college to a 4-year college or university, this handbook consists of 4 sections which answer the following questions: How do I prepare to transfer to a 4-year college or university? What must I do after the…

  6. The Engaged Community College: Supporting the Institutionalization of Engagement through Collaborative Action Inquiry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Purcell, Jennifer W.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this action research study was to explore how community colleges increase their capacity for community engagement. Faculty and staff members who were identified as community engagement leaders within a public community college participated in a series of interventions to improve community engagement practices within the college. The…

  7. Jealousy during Dating among Female College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khanchandani, Laveena; Durham, Thomas W.

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between several situational and personality variables and jealousy in dating relationships among 100 college women volunteers who completed a series of questionnaires about themselves and their dating situations. Six research questions were examined. Results showed that jealousy was lower for women in a steady…

  8. Speech Recognition, Disability, and College Composition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Lorna M.; Reynolds, Thomas W., Jr.

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the composing processes of five postsecondary students who used or were learning to use speech recognition software (SR) for college-level writing. The study analyzed their composing processes through observation, interviews, and analysis of written products over a series of composing sessions. This investigation was prompted…

  9. Modeling Heterogeneity in Students Seeking College Counseling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nordberg, Samuel S.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: A series of four studies explored the heuristic value of a method of grouping students in counseling by the severity of symptoms across eight domains. Method: Participants were over 50,000 college students in counseling, assessed with the CCAPS-62 and -34 as part of routine clinical care. Latent Profile Analysis was used to group…

  10. Survival Skills in a Community College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kindle, James

    The Survival Skills Center described in this report operates at Columbia College, CA, to provide individualized instruction in basic reading, writing, and math skills using a series of modules which focus on problems commonly encountered in everyday life. After discussing the need for such instruction among nontraditional students, the paper…

  11. A Model of College Tuition Maximization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bosshardt, Donald I.; Lichtenstein, Larry; Zaporowski, Mark P.

    2009-01-01

    This paper develops a series of models for optimal tuition pricing for private colleges and universities. The university is assumed to be a profit maximizing, price discriminating monopolist. The enrollment decision of student's is stochastic in nature. The university offers an effective tuition rate, comprised of stipulated tuition less financial…

  12. University of Hawaii Community Colleges, 1998.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    University of Hawaii Community Colleges, 1998

    1998-01-01

    This series of newsletters describes information about special activities, academic programs, and honors and awards involving faculty, students, staff and the greater communities served by the University of Hawaii (UH) Community Colleges. This set contains the eight issues of volume 33, 1998, which discuss the following topics, among others: (1)…

  13. Unification and Infinite Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leyendekkers, J. V.; Shannon, A. G.

    2008-01-01

    Some infinite series are analysed on the basis of the hypergeometric function and integer structure and modular rings. The resulting generalized functions are compared with differentiation of the "mother" series. (Contains 1 table.)

  14. Geometric Series via Probability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tesman, Barry

    2012-01-01

    Infinite series is a challenging topic in the undergraduate mathematics curriculum for many students. In fact, there is a vast literature in mathematics education research on convergence issues. One of the most important types of infinite series is the geometric series. Their beauty lies in the fact that they can be evaluated explicitly and that…

  15. ACT and College Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bleyaert, Barbara

    2010-01-01

    What is the relationship between ACT scores and success in college? For decades, admissions policies in colleges and universities across the country have required applicants to submit scores from a college entrance exam, most typically the ACT (American College Testing) or SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test). This requirement suggests that high school…

  16. The Future College Executive.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boston Coll., Chestnut Hill, MA.

    This conference report examines various problems facing university administrators and discusses the future role of the executive in American colleges and universities. Conference papers concern the future college executive; efficiency, accountability and the college executive; administrative concerns; and the rights of college administrators. (MJM)

  17. Eligible & Ready for College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conley, David T.

    2010-01-01

    Many students who are "eligible" for college are not "ready" for college. Readiness is much more complex and multidimensional than eligibility. Most high schools are organized to make students eligible for college admission, not make them ready to succeed in entry-level college courses. Over the past 15 years, the author has conducted research on…

  18. Five Colleges: Five Histories.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Story, Ronald, Ed.

    This book presents essays on the histories of five Massachusetts schools of higher education (Amherst College, Mount Holyoke College, the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, Smith College, Hampshire College) who together have had a successful consortia lasting for 25 years. The first essay, by Theodore P. Greene, depicts the temper of Amherst…

  19. Financing of Tribal Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Laughlin, Jeanie

    In addition to higher education programs, tribal colleges offer welfare-to-work programs, adult education, vocational and agricultural training, and childcare, which makes their costs higher than those of conventional colleges. Most tribal colleges are small, resulting in higher than average per student costs. Tribal colleges charge an average of…

  20. College Student Suicide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taub, Deborah J.; Thompson, Jalonda

    2013-01-01

    Suicide is the second-leading cause of death among college students, and it is estimated that 1,088 college students die by suicide each year (National Mental Health Association and the Jed Foundation, 2002). This chapter presents the context of college student mental health within which the problem of college student suicide is situated. Because…

  1. External College Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gold, Ben K.

    This report presents the results of a community survey which attempted to determine the demand for another college in the Los Angeles Community College District. The function of this "community campus" or "external college" would be to serve members of the community who are not already served by the eight existing colleges. Questionnaires received…

  2. Frederick Community College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haney, L. Richard; McClellan, Debralee

    2009-01-01

    Frederick Community College (FCC) is a comprehensive open-door community college that serves the citizens of Frederick County, Maryland, the state's largest county by size and seventh in population (230,000). It is located in central Maryland, equidistant from Baltimore and Washington, D.C. The college's character as a learning college is…

  3. Beacon College Project Directory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnett, Lynn, Ed.

    The American Association of Community Colleges' Beacon College Project (BCP) uses funds from the Kellogg Foundation to award two-year grants to "Beacon" community colleges to form consortia with at least five associate colleges, designed to improve a specific aspect of institutional life. A total of 26 projects, many involving community…

  4. The Twelve College Cost-Quality Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKinsey & Co., Inc., Washington, DC.

    Twelve colleges participated in a cost quality study. These colleges were: Allegheny College, Bryn Mawr College, Buchnell University, Carnegie-Mellon University, Chatham College, Dickinson College, Franklin and Marshall College, Gettysburg College, Haverford College, Lafayette College, Lehigh University, and Swarthmore College. The study is an…

  5. Snapshots of Maryland Community Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maryland State Board for Community Colleges, Annapolis.

    These statistical profiles of 17 Maryland community colleges were prepared for use by the executive and legislative branches of the Maryland state government. The 17 colleges profiled are Allegany Community College, Anne Arundel Community College, Community College of Baltimore, Catonsville Community College, Cecil Community College, Charles…

  6. Reading Behaviors of Students in Kolej Datin Seri Endon (KDSE)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mohamed, Mohini; Rahman, Roshanida A.; Tin, Lee Chew; Hashim, Haslenda; Maarof, Hasmerya; Nasir, Noor Sharliana Mat; Zailani, Siti Nazrah; Esivan, Siti Marsilawati Mohamed; Jumari, Nur Fazirah

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This is an exploratory study of reading behaviors and interest among students residing in a female residential college of Kolej Datin Seri Endon (KDSE), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) and the use of reading stations (RS) placed at strategic locations throughout the main campus. The UTM's Vice Chancellor project of developing various…

  7. Faces of Change Series. Documentary Film Project: Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Norman N.

    The objectives of the Educational Materials Project were to produce print materials to accompany "The Faces of Change," a series of 26 films and some 60 essays and instructional documents produced for college classes between 1972 and 1975. The scope of the project covered two film production grants, a grant for archiving uncut footage at…

  8. Chemistry - Part III, An Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Teacher's Curriculum Guide for the Thirteen-College Curriculum Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Booker, Edward; And Others

    This booklet is a teacher's manual in a series of booklets that make up the core of a Physical Science course designed for the freshman year of college and used by teachers in the Thirteen College Curriculum Program. This program is a curriculum revision project in support of 13 predominantly Negro colleges and reflects educational research in the…

  9. Designing New Academic Pathways: Reimaging the Community College Experience with Students' Needs and Best Interests at Heart

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClenney, Kay; Dare, Donna

    2013-01-01

    This is the second article in a three-part series on reimagining the community college student experience, describing a new model for academic pathways, key design principles, examples from colleges leading the way, and implementation challenges. Community colleges are beginning to embrace the task of reimagining students' educational experiences.…

  10. Designing and Financing an Integrated Program of College Study: Lessons from the California Academy of Liberal Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldberger, Susan; Haynes, Leslie

    2005-01-01

    This document represents the first in a series of design briefs on models for early college high schools. The briefs focus on the academic and organizational design of the college component and tie those key features to a sustainable financing model. By engaging students in up to two years of demanding college-level work while still in high…

  11. How America Saves for College, 2013. Sallie Mae's National Study of Parents with Children under Age 18

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sallie Mae, Inc., 2013

    2013-01-01

    Sallie Mae has conducted an ongoing study, "How America Pays for College," annually since 2008. Through that study, the researchers are able to provide a clearer picture of how the typical American undergraduate is paying for college today. This report is the third in the "How America Saves for College" series conducted since 2009. Interviews took…

  12. Series Transmission Line Transformer

    DOEpatents

    Buckles, Robert A.; Booth, Rex; Yen, Boris T.

    2004-06-29

    A series transmission line transformer is set forth which includes two or more of impedance matched sets of at least two transmissions lines such as shielded cables, connected in parallel at one end ans series at the other in a cascading fashion. The cables are wound about a magnetic core. The series transmission line transformer (STLT) which can provide for higher impedance ratios and bandwidths, which is scalable, and which is of simpler design and construction.

  13. Fourier Series Operating Package

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Charnow, Milton L.

    1961-01-01

    This report presents a computer program for multiplying, adding, differentiating, integrating, "barring" and scalarly multiplying "literal" Fourier series as such, and for extracting the coefficients of specified terms.

  14. Selecting Effective Indicators. College Readiness Indicator Systems (CRIS) Resource Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    University of Chicago Consortium on Chicago School Research, 2014

    2014-01-01

    The use of data to inform decisionmaking and practice at the school and district levels is now a common feature of reform efforts. Advances in districts' technological capacities have produced data systems that allow a flow of data to and from schools, often to the point of creating an overwhelming flood of information. To make the flow of…

  15. PERCEPTUAL TRAINING ACTIVITIES HANDBOOK. TEACHERS COLLEGE SERIES IN SPECIAL EDUCATION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VAN WITSEN, BETTY

    THIS PUBLICATION IS FOR TEACHERS AND SUPERVISORS WORKING WITH CHILDREN WHO HAVE LEARNING DISABILITIES, ESPECIALLY THOSE RELATED TO PERCEPTUAL DISTURBANCES. BEHAVIOR WHICH RESULTS FROM A LACK OF MEANINGFUL ORGANIZATION OF PERCEPTION IS DESCRIBED, AND MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES ARE SUGGESTED. ACTIVITIES ARE PRESENTED UNDER THESE HEADINGS--VISUAL…

  16. Trends in College Pricing, 2016. Trends in Higher Education Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ma, Jennifer; Baum, Sandy; Pender, Matea; Welch, Meredith

    2016-01-01

    In 2016-17, published tuition and fee prices rose slightly less than the year before. The rapid price growth observed during the Great Recession has abated, as typically happens when the economy recovers, but the rate of increase in tuition and fees continues to exceed inflation. More notable, however, is the pattern of the net prices students…

  17. Residence and Migration of College Students. Working Paper Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christal, Melodie E.

    Results from the National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) 1979 Residence and Migration survey that are particularly relevant to higher education policy issues are discussed. Data are provided on the rankings of states by net in-migration and net out-migration of first-time freshmen, and the net migration of first-time freshmen,…

  18. Developmental Education: Preparing Successful College Students. Monograph Series #24.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Higbee, Jeanne L., Ed.; Dwinell, Patricia L., Ed.

    The 16 chapters of this volume describe a wide variety of developmental programs intended to promote skill development and enhance academic performance for high-risk students at all levels of higher education. Following an introductory chapter by the editors, the chapters are: (1) "The Origin, Scope, and Outcomes of Developmental Education in the…

  19. Monitoring irrigation volumes using high-resolution NDVI image time series: calibration and validation in the Kairouan plain (Tunisia)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saadi, S.; Simonneaux, V.; Boulet, G.; Mougenot, B.; Lili Chabaane, Z.

    2015-10-01

    The increasing availability of high resolution high repetitively VIS-NIR remote sensing, like the forthcoming Sentinel-2 mission to be launched in 2015, offers unprecedented opportunity to improve agricultural monitoring. In this study, regional evapotranspiration and crop water consumption were estimated over an irrigated area located in the Kairouan plain (central Tunisia) using the FAO-56 dual crop coefficient water balance model combined with NDVI image time series providing estimates of the actual basal crop coefficient (Kcb) and vegetation fraction cover. Three time series of high-resolution SPOT5 images have been acquired for the 2008-2009, 2011-2012 and 2012-2013 hydrological years. We also benefited from a SPOT4 time series acquired in the frame of the SPOT4-Take5 experiment. The SPOT5 images were radiometrically corrected, first, using the SMAC6s Algorithm, and then improved using invariant objects located on the scene. The method was first calibrated using ground measurements of evapotranspiration achieved using eddy-correlation devices installed on irrigated wheat and barley plots. For other crops for which no calibration data was available, parameters were taken from bibliography. Then, the model was run to spatialize irrigation over the whole area and a validation was done using cumulated seasonal water volumes obtained from ground survey for three irrigated perimeters. In a subsequent step, evapotranspiration estimates were obtained using a large aperture scintillometer and were used for an additional validation of the model outputs.

  20. Why Policymakers Should Care about Children's Savings. Creating a Financial Stake in College: Report I of IV

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliott, William, III

    2012-01-01

    "Creating a Financial Stake in College" is a four-part series of reports that focuses on the relationship between children's savings and improving college success. This series examines: (1) why policymakers should care about savings, (2) the relationship between inequality and bank account ownership, (3) the connections between savings and college…

  1. Does Structural Inequality Begin with a Bank Account? Creating a Financial Stake in College: Report II of IV

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliott, William, III

    2012-01-01

    "Creating a Financial Stake in College" is a four-part series of reports that focuses on the relationship between children's savings and improving college success. This series examines: (1) why policymakers should care about savings, (2) the relationship between inequality and bank account ownership, (3) the connections between savings and college…

  2. Ideas for Refining Children's Savings Account Proposals. Creating a Financial Stake in College: Report IV of IV

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliott, William, III

    2012-01-01

    "Creating a Financial Stake in College" is a four-part series of reports that focuses on the relationship between children's savings and improving college success. This series examines: (1) why policymakers should care about savings, (2) the relationship between inequality and bank account ownership, (3) the connections between savings…

  3. Building a Better Student Developing Critical Thinking and Writing in the Community College from Freshman Semester to Graduation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Varelas, Antonios; Wolfe, Kate S.; Ialongo, Ernest

    2015-01-01

    Students often enter community college with little proficiency in writing. The authors of this paper share a series of writing assignments designed to help students develop writing and critical thinking abilities throughout their community college experience. The first is a series of relatively low-stakes exercises aimed at helping beginning…

  4. Computer Series, 115.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Birk, James P., Ed.

    1990-01-01

    Reviewed are six computer programs which may be useful in teaching college level chemistry. Topics include dynamic data storage in FORTRAN, "KC?DISCOVERER," pH of acids and bases, calculating percent boundary surfaces for orbitals, and laboratory interfacing with PT Nomograph for the Macintosh. (CW)

  5. Fourier Series Optimization Opportunity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winkel, Brian

    2008-01-01

    This note discusses the introduction of Fourier series as an immediate application of optimization of a function of more than one variable. Specifically, it is shown how the study of Fourier series can be motivated to enrich a multivariable calculus class. This is done through discovery learning and use of technology wherein students build the…

  6. Welfare. Opposing Viewpoints Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cozic, Charles P., Ed.; Winters, Paul A., Ed.

    Books in the Opposing Viewpoints Series present debates about current issues that can be used to teach critical reading and thinking skills. The opinions expressed in the selections in each series title examine many different aspects of a single issue. Detractors of the welfare system have long argued that the system promotes dependency. They…

  7. SERI Wind Energy Program

    SciTech Connect

    Noun, R. J.

    1983-06-01

    The SERI Wind Energy Program manages the areas or innovative research, wind systems analysis, and environmental compatibility for the U.S. Department of Energy. Since 1978, SERI wind program staff have conducted in-house aerodynamic and engineering analyses of novel concepts for wind energy conversion and have managed over 20 subcontracts to determine technical feasibility; the most promising of these concepts is the passive blade cyclic pitch control project. In the area of systems analysis, the SERI program has analyzed the impact of intermittent generation on the reliability of electric utility systems using standard utility planning models. SERI has also conducted methodology assessments. Environmental issues related to television interference and acoustic noise from large wind turbines have been addressed. SERI has identified the causes, effects, and potential control of acoustic noise emissions from large wind turbines.

  8. Depression and College Students

    MedlinePlus

    ... depression and other mental health issues? Reference Share Depression and College Students Download PDF Download ePub Order ... Answers to college students’ frequently asked questions about depression Feeling moody, sad, or grouchy? Who doesn’t ...

  9. American College Health Association

    MedlinePlus

    ... that support the health and well-being of college students and their campus communities… Learn more » Education ... for ... informed knowledge on issues impacting the health of college students and their campus communities... Learn more » Skip breadcrumb ...

  10. Vehicle Safety. Managing Liability Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newby, Deborah, Ed.

    This monograph discusses the safety of vehicles owned, leased, maintained, and operated by colleges and universities. First, the risks by colleges and universities is discussed. First, the risks associated with college vehicles are outlined, including the liability that comes with staff/faculty and student drivers and such special concerns as…

  11. College Transition Programs for Community College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haugen, Douglas E.

    2012-01-01

    Over the past four decades the number of students enrolling in colleges and universities requiring at least one pre-college level course has been about one-third of all students. Underprepared students are as likely to complete their academic goals as their prepared counterparts if they are able to complete their remedial course work. This study…

  12. State College Readiness Initiatives and Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spence, David

    2009-01-01

    Greater attention to the college and career readiness problem by state leaders and policymakers could drastically boost the numbers and percentages of students who graduate from high school ready for college and career study. This chapter traces the author's work in developing California State University's Early Assessment Program, an initiative…

  13. College Affordability: Implications for College Opportunity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perna, Laura W.; Li, Chunyan

    2006-01-01

    By examining trends in college affordability, this article explores the extent to which the public perception that college is not affordable is justified. First, the article describes trends in national indicators that contribute to ability to pay, including income growth, health care costs, debt burden, and personal savings rates. Trends in…

  14. COMPREHENSIVE JUNIOR COLLEGES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    NIKITAS, CHRISTUS M.; AND OTHERS

    TO MEET THE STATE'S HIGHER EDUCATION NEEDS, THE NEW HAMPSHIRE JUNIOR COLLEGE COMMISSION DEVELOPED A PLAN OF (1) GRADUAL AND SELECTIVE CONVERSION OF THE STATE'S TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS TO COMPREHENSIVE JUNIOR COLLEGES, (2) SELECTIVE ADDITION OF 2-YEAR PROGRAMS AT THE STATE COLLEGES AND INSTITUTES, AND (3) ESTABLISHMENT OF A STATE…

  15. Special Report: College Housing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abramson, Paul

    2003-01-01

    Responses of chief housing officers of 118 4-year colleges and universities to a survey focusing on costs, security, policies, and preferences provide a picture of college housing. More than 67% of respondents say that their colleges are planning to build more residential space. (SLD)

  16. What Is College for?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delbanco, Andrew

    2012-01-01

    What is college for? There are basically three prevailing answers to this question. The most common answer is an economic one, though it is really two linked answers: first, that providing more people with a college education is good for the economic health of the nation; and second, that going to college is good for the economic competitiveness…

  17. Leasing the College Store.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Richard M.

    1986-01-01

    A survey of college administrators responsible for supervising college stores found that three factors are strongly considered in deciding whether to lease the college store: available management skills, service orientation, and financial resources. It also found that private and public institutions and large and small institutions rank the…

  18. The College Handbook 1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College Board, New York, NY.

    This directory is intended to provide students and their advisors with authoritative information on 3,171 colleges and universities in the United States as well as supplementary information. The information was gathered in the winter and spring of 1992 through the College Board's Annual Survey of Colleges with descriptions subsequently verified…

  19. The College Promise

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sturgeon, Julie

    2009-01-01

    College fees and tuition are rising--430 percent since 1982. Student borrowing for college has more than doubled since 1998, and about 50 percent of lower-income students head to college following high school, compared to 80 percent of high-income students, according to the National Center for Education Statistics. Various public school districts…

  20. Prometheus College Bound.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Austell, David B., Jr.

    1986-01-01

    Reports on interviews conducted to assess the status of humanities instruction in North Carolina's community colleges. Includes Dallas Herring's reflections on the establishment and growth of the state's community college system. Summarizes interviews with central office representatives and two-year college managers concerning the mission and…

  1. Early College High Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dessoff, Alan

    2011-01-01

    For at-risk students who stand little chance of going to college, or even finishing high school, a growing number of districts have found a solution: Give them an early start in college while they still are in high school. The early college high school (ECHS) movement that began with funding from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation 10 years ago…

  2. American Indian Community Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    One Feather, Gerald

    With the emergence of reservation based community colleges (th Navajo Community College and the Dakota Community Colleges), the American Indian people, as decision makers in these institutions, are providing Indians with the technical skills and cultural knowledge necessary for self-determination. Confronted with limited numbers of accredited…

  3. Community Colleges Online

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crawford, Corinne; Persaud, Colin

    2013-01-01

    Presently, community colleges are bursting at the seams. In 2011, community colleges turned away more than 400,000 prospective students. In the next six years, 63 percent of all U.S. jobs will require postsecondary education. Twenty two million new workers with postsecondary degrees will be needed by 2018. Community colleges are turning…

  4. College Access Marketing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tremblay, Christopher W.

    2011-01-01

    College Access Marketing (CAM) is a relatively new phenomenon that seeks to positively influence the college-going rate. This report defines CAM, describes CAM examples, and discusses how CAM seeks to counter barriers to college. It explores four main elements of CAM: information, marketing, advocacy, and social mobilization. Further, it…

  5. Community College Periodicals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pederson, Eldor O.

    Drawing from an examination of community college periodicals, their availability and characteristics, the academic affiliations of contributing authors, and the topics of their articles, this paper discusses the minor role which community college periodicals appear to play. A list of 35 periodicals dealing primary with community college education…

  6. Statistical Analysis of Impulse Phenomena From Observation in 2012-2013

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Samodurov, V. A.; Dumsky, D. V.; Isaev, E. A.; Rodin, A. E.; Kazancev, A. N.; Fedorova, V. A.; Belyatskij, Yu. A.

    On the Pushchino Radio Astronomy Observatory of Lebedev Physical Institute by radio telescope BSA (Big Scanning Antenna) in 2012 started daily multi-beam observations at the frequency range 109- 112 MHz. The number of frequency bands range from 6 to 32, while the time constants range from 0.1 to 0.0125 sec. This data is an enormous opportunity for both short and long-term monitoring of various classes of radio sources (including radio transients), the Earth's ionosphere, interplanetary and interstellar plasma monitoring, search and monitoring for different classes of radio sources, etc. A specialized database was constructed to facilitate the large amount of observational data (http://astro.prao.ru/cgi/out_img.cgi ). We discuss in this paper method of allocation from the database for impulse data of various types. By using the database allocated 83096 individual impulses in declination from +3 to +42 degrees for July 2012 - October 2013 from pulsars, scintillation sources and so one. In result we constructed homogeneous sample suitable for statistical analyzes.

  7. Mission Information and Test Systems Summary of Accomplishments, 2012-2013

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    McMorrow, Sean; Sherrard, Roberta; Gibbs, Yvonne

    2015-01-01

    This annual report covers the activities of the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center's Mission Information and Test Systems directorate, which include the Western Aeronautical Test Range (Range Engineering and Range Operations), the Simulation Engineering Branch, and Information Services. This report contains highlights, current projects, and various awards achieved throughout 2012 and 2013.

  8. Molecular Characterization of Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus in the Philippines, 2012-2013

    PubMed Central

    Malasao, Rungnapa; Okamoto, Michiko; Chaimongkol, Natthawan; Imamura, Tadatsugu; Tohma, Kentaro; Dapat, Isolde; Dapat, Clyde; Suzuki, Akira; Saito, Mayuko; Saito, Mariko; Tamaki, Raita; Pedrera-Rico, Gay Anne Granada; Aniceto, Rapunzel; Quicho, Reynaldo Frederick Negosa; Segubre-Mercado, Edelwisa; Lupisan, Socorro; Oshitani, Hitoshi

    2015-01-01

    Human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) is a major cause of acute lower respiratory tract infections in infants and children worldwide. We performed molecular analysis of HRSV among infants and children with clinical diagnosis of severe pneumonia in four study sites in the Philippines, including Biliran, Leyte, Palawan, and Metro Manila from June 2012 to July 2013. Nasopharyngeal swabs were collected and screened for HRSV using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Positive samples were tested by conventional PCR and sequenced for the second hypervariable region (2nd HVR) of the G gene. Among a total of 1,505 samples, 423 samples were positive for HRSV (28.1%), of which 305 (72.1%) and 118 (27.9%) were identified as HRSV-A and HRSV-B, respectively. Two genotypes of HRSV-A, NA1 and ON1, were identified during the study period. The novel ON1 genotype with a 72-nucleotide duplication in 2nd HVR of the G gene increased rapidly and finally became the predominant genotype in 2013 with an evolutionary rate higher than the NA1 genotype. Moreover, in the ON1 genotype, we found positive selection at amino acid position 274 (p<0.05) and massive O- and N-glycosylation in the 2nd HVR of the G gene. Among HRSV-B, BA9 was the predominant genotype circulating in the Philippines. However, two sporadic cases of GB2 genotype were found, which might share a common ancestor with other Asian strains. These findings suggest that HRSV is an important cause of severe acute respiratory infection among children in the Philippines and revealed the emergence and subsequent predominance of the ON1 genotype and the sporadic detection of the GB2 genotype. Both genotypes were detected for the first time in the Philippines. PMID:26540236

  9. 75 FR 78690 - Fiscal Year (FY) 2012-2013 Proposed Transmission Rate Adjustments Public Hearing and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-16

    ...-Point (PTP) service. Network Integration Transmission (NT-12) rate--The NT rate applies to customers taking network integration service under the Open Access Transmission Tariff (OATT) and allows customers... rate that applies to customers taking point-to-point service on BPA's network facilities under the...

  10. 21st Century Community Learning Centers: A Descriptive Evaluation for 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Larry J.

    2014-01-01

    This evaluation study provides descriptive information about the implementation and outcomes of the 21st Century Community Learning Centers (CCLC) program in West Virginia, from September 2012 through May 2013. The report draws on information from online surveys of directors of 30 CCLC programs and from school teachers for 4,102 participating…

  11. Polar processing in a split vortex: Arctic ozone loss in early winter 2012/2013

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Manney, G. L.; Lawrence, Z. D.; Santee, M. L.; Livesey, N. J.; Lambert, A.; Pitts, M. C.

    2015-05-01

    A sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) in early January 2013 caused the Arctic polar vortex to split and temperatures to rapidly rise above the threshold for chlorine activation. However, ozone in the lower stratospheric polar vortex from late December 2012 through early February 2013 reached the lowest values on record for that time of year. Analysis of Aura Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) trace gas measurements and Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) polar stratospheric cloud (PSC) data shows that exceptional chemical ozone loss early in the 2012/13 Arctic winter resulted from a unique combination of meteorological conditions associated with the early-January 2013 SSW: unusually low temperatures in December 2012, offspring vortices within which air remained well isolated for nearly 1 month after the vortex split, and greater-than-usual vortex sunlight exposure throughout December 2012 and January 2013. Conditions in the two offspring vortices differed substantially, with the one overlying Canada having lower temperatures, lower nitric acid (HNO3), lower hydrogen chloride, more sunlight exposure/higher ClO in late January, and a later onset of chlorine deactivation than the one overlying Siberia. MLS HNO3 and CALIPSO data indicate that PSC activity in December 2012 was more extensive and persistent than at that time in any other Arctic winter in the past decade. Chlorine monoxide (ClO, measured by MLS) rose earlier than previously observed and was the largest on record through mid-January 2013. Enhanced vortex ClO persisted until mid-February despite the cessation of PSC activity when the SSW started. Vortex HNO3 remained depressed after PSCs had disappeared; passive transport calculations indicate vortex-averaged denitrification of about 4 parts per billion by volume. The estimated vortex-averaged chemical ozone loss, ~ 0.7-0.8 parts per million by volume near 500 K (~21 km), was the largest December/January loss in the MLS record from 2004/05 to 2014/15.

  12. 'Transfer out' tuberculosis patients: treatment outcomes after cross-checking registers, 2012-2013, Lusaka, Zambia.

    PubMed

    Mfungwe, V; Ota, M; Koyama, K; Samungole, G K V; Takemura, Y; Hirao, S; Mwamba, Q

    2016-06-21

    Contexte : Lusaka, Zambie.Objectif : Evaluer les vrais résultats du traitement des cas « transférés hors zone » (TO) dans un centre de diagnostic, à Lusaka, pendant les troisième et quatrième trimestres de 2012, et voir l'impact du croisement des informations dans le taux de succès du traitement (TSR) en 2013 et au début de 2014.Schéma et méthode : Dans cette étude rétrospective de cohorte, les résultats du traitement de nouveaux cas de tuberculose (TB) à bactériologie positive qui avaient été référés du centre de diagnostic ont été revus et comparés à ceux de l'unité de traitement.Résultats : Sur 49 cas (58%) qui ont été référés à trois unités de traitement, les résultats du traitement de neuf cas ont dû être mis à jour au centre de diagnostic, ce qui a abouti à la réduction de la proportion de cas « TO » de 17,6% à 11,8% et à l'augmentation du TSR de 64,7% à 70,6%.Conclusion : La revue et le croisement des registres TB des unités des centres de diagnostic et de traitement a abouti à une réduction significative des cas non évalués, ce qui suggère que les registres TB des unités de diagnostic et de traitement devraient être fréquemment croisés. Il y a également un besoin d'interventions complémentaires afin de réduire la proportion de TO, qui est associée à un taux élevé de perdus de vue et de cas non évalués.

  13. 77 FR 25097 - Fisheries of the Northeastern United States; 2012-2013 Northeast Skate Complex Fishery...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-27

    ... biomass. DATES: This rule is effective May 1, 2012. ADDRESSES: An environmental assessment (EA) was... deemed to be occurring if the 3- year moving average trawl survey biomass of clearnose skate declines by..., and was based upon precautionary catch levels designed to promote biomass increases in all...

  14. Polio field census and vaccination of underserved populations--northern Nigeria, 2012-2013.

    PubMed

    2013-08-23

    In 2012, the World Health Assembly declared completion of polio eradication a public health emergency. However, wild poliovirus (WPV) transmission remains endemic in three countries (Afghanistan, Nigeria, and Pakistan). In Nigeria, the National Stop Transmission of Polio (N-STOP) program, under the umbrella of the Nigerian Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program (FELTP), has been developed to implement innovative strategies that address the remaining polio eradication challenges in Nigeria. One N-STOP initiative focuses on locating and vaccinating children aged<5 years in remote nomadic, scattered, and border populations in northern Nigeria, where low polio vaccination coverage likely contributes to ongoing WPV transmission. During August 2012-April 2013, N-STOP conducted field outreach activities that enumerated 40,212 remote settlements, including 4,613 (11.5%) settlements never visited by vaccination teams during previous polio supplemental immunization activities (SIAs). Enumeration resulted in documentation of 906,201 children aged<5 years residing in these settlements, including 53,738 (5.9%) who had never received polio vaccination, and in detection of 211 unreported cases of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) with onset of illness in the 6 months before enumeration. Sustaining access to underserved populations in remote settlements in future SIAs will increase overall population immunity and should decrease WPV transmission. By providing a flexible and capable workforce consisting of Nigerian citizens, N-STOP is able to support evaluation and implementation of innovative polio eradication strategies in Nigeria while building local public health capacity with a potential to address other public health problems following the eradication of polio from Nigeria.

  15. EAARL-B submerged topography: Barnegat Bay, New Jersey, post-Hurricane Sandy, 2012-2013

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Wright, C. Wayne; Troche, Rodolfo J.; Kranenburg, Christine J.; Klipp, Emily S.; Fredericks, Xan; Nagle, David B.

    2014-01-01

    These remotely sensed, geographically referenced elevation measurements of lidar-derived submerged topography datasets were produced by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center, St. Petersburg, Florida. This project provides highly detailed and accurate datasets for part of Barnegat Bay, New Jersey, acquired post-Hurricane Sandy on November 1, 5, 16, 20, and 30, 2012; December 5, 6, and 21, 2012; and January 10, 2013. The datasets are made available for use as a management tool to research scientists and natural-resource managers. An innovative airborne lidar system, known as the second-generation Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL-B), was used during data acquisition. The EAARL-B system is a raster-scanning, waveform-resolving, green-wavelength (532-nm) lidar designed to map nearshore bathymetry, topography, and vegetation structure simultaneously. The EAARL-B sensor suite includes the raster-scanning, water-penetrating full-waveform adaptive lidar, down-looking red-green-blue (RGB) and infrared (IR) digital cameras, two precision dual-frequency kinematic carrier-phase GPS receivers, and an integrated miniature digital inertial measurement unit, which provide for sub-meter georeferencing of each laser sample. The nominal EAARL-B platform is a twin-engine Cessna 310 aircraft, but the instrument may be deployed on a range of light aircraft. A single pilot, a lidar operator, and a data analyst constitute the crew for most survey operations. This sensor has the potential to make significant contributions in measuring sub-aerial and submarine coastal topography within cross-environmental surveys. Elevation measurements were collected over the survey area using the EAARL-B system. The resulting data were then processed using the Airborne Lidar Processing System (ALPS), a custom-built processing system developed originally in a NASA-USGS collaboration. The exploration and processing of lidar data in an interactive or batch mode is supported using ALPS. Modules for presurvey flight-line definition, flight-path plotting, lidar raster and waveform investigation, and digital camera image playback have been developed. Processing algorithms have been developed to extract the range to the first and last significant return within each waveform. The Airborne Lidar Processing System (ALPS) is used routinely to create maps that represent submerged or sub-aerial topography. Specialized filtering algorithms have been implemented to determine the "bare earth" under vegetation from a point cloud of last return elevations. For more information about similar projects, please visit the Lidar for Science and Resource Management Web site.

  16. Pregnancy and Parenthood in the Navy: Results of the 2012-2013 Survey

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-05-12

    estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the...DISTRIBUTION/AVAILABILITY STATEMENT Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited 13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES 14. ABSTRACT Existing Navy...personnel policies, Navy leaders often use survey data to understand Sailor perspectives. There are also times when objective data does not exist or is

  17. Outbreak of Pantoea agglomerans Bloodstream Infections at an Oncology Clinic-Illinois, 2012-2013.

    PubMed

    Yablon, Brian R; Dantes, Raymund; Tsai, Victoria; Lim, Rachel; Moulton-Meissner, Heather; Arduino, Matthew; Jensen, Bette; Patel, Megan Toth; Vernon, Michael O; Grant-Greene, Yoran; Christiansen, Demian; Conover, Craig; Kallen, Alexander; Guh, Alice Y

    2017-03-01

    OBJECTIVE To determine the source of a healthcare-associated outbreak of Pantoea agglomerans bloodstream infections. DESIGN Epidemiologic investigation of the outbreak. SETTING Oncology clinic (clinic A). METHODS Cases were defined as Pantoea isolation from blood or catheter tip cultures of clinic A patients during July 2012-May 2013. Clinic A medical charts and laboratory records were reviewed; infection prevention practices and the facility's water system were evaluated. Environmental samples were collected for culture. Clinical and environmental P. agglomerans isolates were compared using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. RESULTS Twelve cases were identified; median (range) age was 65 (41-78) years. All patients had malignant tumors and had received infusions at clinic A. Deficiencies in parenteral medication preparation and handling were identified (eg, placing infusates near sinks with potential for splash-back contamination). Facility inspection revealed substantial dead-end water piping and inadequate chlorine residual in tap water from multiple sinks, including the pharmacy clean room sink. P. agglomerans was isolated from composite surface swabs of 7 sinks and an ice machine; the pharmacy clean room sink isolate was indistinguishable by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis from 7 of 9 available patient isolates. CONCLUSIONS Exposure of locally prepared infusates to a contaminated pharmacy sink caused the outbreak. Improvements in parenteral medication preparation, including moving chemotherapy preparation offsite, along with terminal sink cleaning and water system remediation ended the outbreak. Greater awareness of recommended medication preparation and handling practices as well as further efforts to better define the contribution of contaminated sinks and plumbing deficiencies to healthcare-associated infections are needed. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2017;38:314-319.

  18. Acute viral respiratory infections among children in MERS-endemic Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 2012-2013.

    PubMed

    Fagbo, Shamsudeen F; Garbati, Musa A; Hasan, Rami; AlShahrani, Dayel; Al-Shehri, Mohamed; AlFawaz, Tariq; Hakawi, Ahmed; Wani, Tariq Ahmad; Skakni, Leila

    2017-02-01

    The emergence of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) in Saudi Arabia has intensified focus on Acute Respiratory Infections [ARIs]. This study sought to identify respiratory viruses (RVs) associated with ARIs in children presenting at a tertiary hospital. Children (aged ≤13) presenting with ARI between January 2012 and December 2013 tested for 15 RVs using the Seeplex(R) RV15 kit were retrospectively included. Epidemiological data was retrieved from patient records. Of the 2235 children tested, 61.5% were ≤1 year with a male: female ratio of 3:2. Viruses were detected in 1364 (61.02%) children, 233 (10.4%) having dual infections: these viruses include respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) (24%), human rhinovirus (hRV) (19.7%), adenovirus (5.7%), influenza virus (5.3%), and parainfluenzavirus-3 (4.6%). Children, aged 9-11 months, were most infected (60.9%). Lower respiratory tract infections (55.4%) were significantly more than upper respiratory tract infection (45.3%) (P < 0.001). Seasonal variation of RV was directly and inversely proportional to relative humidity and temperature, respectively, for non MERS coronaviruses (NL63, 229E, and OC43). The study confirms community-acquired RV associated with ARI in children and suggests modulating roles for abiotic factors in RV epidemiology. However, community-based studies are needed to elucidate how these factors locally influence RV epidemiology. J. Med. Virol. 89:195-201, 2017. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  19. International Space Station Environmental Control and Life Support System Status: 2012-2013

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Williams, David E.; Dake, Jason R.; Gentry, Gregory J.

    2012-01-01

    Controlling Carbon Dioxide (CO2) partial pressure in the habitable vehicle environment is a critical part of operations on the International Space Station (ISS). On the United States segment of ISS, CO2 levels are primarily controlled by the Carbon Dioxide Removal Assembly (CDRA). There are two CDRAs on ISS; one in the United States Laboratory module, and one in the Node3 module. CDRA has been through several significant operational issues, performance issues and subsequent re-design of various components, primarily involving the Desiccant Adsorbent Bed (DAB) assembly and Air Selector Valves (ASV). This paper will focus on significant operational and performance issues experienced by the CDRA team from 2008-2012.

  20. Analysis of Foreign Matter in Foodstuffs Using the Light Filth Test: Report 2012-2013

    PubMed Central

    Caneglias, Elisa; Vodret, Bruna; Mancuso, Maria Rosalba; Zimmardi, Antonina; Manno, Claudia; Schiavo, Maria Rita

    2015-01-01

    The European legislation set the new hygiene standards in food chain with the purpose to ensure high levels of public health protection in relation to food production. In order to guarantee excellent hygiene standards in food chain, particular attention must be paid to the presence of foreign matter, like light solid impurities of mineral, vegetable or animal origin. The light filth test is a suitable method used to detect and count light solid impurities applicable to different foodstuffs. We report the results of the analysis of 93 foodstuffs official samples investigated for the presence of foreign matter at the Institute for Experimental Veterinary Medicine of Sardinia, from 2012 to 2013. Insect fragments were found in a sample of semolina and in a sample of canned tomato; plastic fragments were found in a sample of grated bread. PMID:27800401

  1. 10,000 Scholarships, 400 Programs: The UNCF 2012-2013 Scholarship Profile

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Awokoya, Janet

    2014-01-01

    Each year, as the title of this report suggests, UNCF awards well over 10,000 scholarships, fellowships and internships under 400 programs. As UNCF receives no federal or state funds, these programs are supported by contributions from corporations, foundations, families and individuals-- investments in the futures of the students who receive the…

  2. Eddy-Covariance and auxiliary measurements, NGEE-Barrow, 2012-2013

    DOE Data Explorer

    Torn, Margaret; Billesbach, Dave; Raz-Yaseef, Naama

    2014-03-24

    The EC tower is operated as part of the Next Generation Ecosystem Experiment-Arctic (NGEE) at Barrow, Alaska. The tower is collecting flux data from the beginning of the thaw season, early June, and until conditions are completely frozen, early November. The tower is equipped with a Gill R3-50 Sonic Anemometer, LI-7700 (CH4) sensor, a LI-7500A (CO2/H2O) sensor, and radiation sensors (Kipp and Zonen CNR-4 (four component radiometer), two LiCor LI-190 quantum sensors (PAR upwelling and downwelling), and a down-looking Apogee SI-111 infrared radiometer (surface temperature)). The sensors are remotely controlled, and communication with the tower allows us to retrieve information in real time.

  3. Molecular Characterization of Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus in the Philippines, 2012-2013.

    PubMed

    Malasao, Rungnapa; Okamoto, Michiko; Chaimongkol, Natthawan; Imamura, Tadatsugu; Tohma, Kentaro; Dapat, Isolde; Dapat, Clyde; Suzuki, Akira; Saito, Mayuko; Saito, Mariko; Tamaki, Raita; Pedrera-Rico, Gay Anne Granada; Aniceto, Rapunzel; Quicho, Reynaldo Frederick Negosa; Segubre-Mercado, Edelwisa; Lupisan, Socorro; Oshitani, Hitoshi

    2015-01-01

    Human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) is a major cause of acute lower respiratory tract infections in infants and children worldwide. We performed molecular analysis of HRSV among infants and children with clinical diagnosis of severe pneumonia in four study sites in the Philippines, including Biliran, Leyte, Palawan, and Metro Manila from June 2012 to July 2013. Nasopharyngeal swabs were collected and screened for HRSV using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Positive samples were tested by conventional PCR and sequenced for the second hypervariable region (2nd HVR) of the G gene. Among a total of 1,505 samples, 423 samples were positive for HRSV (28.1%), of which 305 (72.1%) and 118 (27.9%) were identified as HRSV-A and HRSV-B, respectively. Two genotypes of HRSV-A, NA1 and ON1, were identified during the study period. The novel ON1 genotype with a 72-nucleotide duplication in 2nd HVR of the G gene increased rapidly and finally became the predominant genotype in 2013 with an evolutionary rate higher than the NA1 genotype. Moreover, in the ON1 genotype, we found positive selection at amino acid position 274 (p<0.05) and massive O- and N-glycosylation in the 2nd HVR of the G gene. Among HRSV-B, BA9 was the predominant genotype circulating in the Philippines. However, two sporadic cases of GB2 genotype were found, which might share a common ancestor with other Asian strains. These findings suggest that HRSV is an important cause of severe acute respiratory infection among children in the Philippines and revealed the emergence and subsequent predominance of the ON1 genotype and the sporadic detection of the GB2 genotype. Both genotypes were detected for the first time in the Philippines.

  4. 78 FR 16841 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Fiscal Operations Report for 2012-2013...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-19

    ... Application To Participate for 2014-2015 (FISAP) and Reallocation Form AGENCY: Department of Education (ED... (44 U.S.C. chapter 3501 et seq.), ED is proposing a revision of an existing information collection... Portal at http://www.regulations.gov by selecting Docket ID number ED-2013-ICCD- 0031 or via postal...

  5. [Nutritional characteristics of school lunch menus in Biscay (Basque Country, Spain) in 2012/2013].

    PubMed

    Sancho Uriarte, Patricia; Cirarda Larrea, Francisco Borja; Valcárcel Alonso, Santiago

    2014-09-28

    Introducción: Uno de los elementos abordados desde la Estrategia para la Nutrición, Actividad física y prevención de la Obesidad y Salud (NAOS) es la alimentación en el medio escolar. Objetivo: Evaluar, tomando como referencia el conjunto mínimo de indicadores y recomendaciones de la Estrategia NAOS, una muestra de menús distribuidos en varios comedores escolares de Bizkaia. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo transversal basado en la revisión teórica de los menús basales distribuidos por siete cocinas centrales que abastecen a 324 centros escolares (80.969 alumnos). Se determinó y valoró la frecuencia semanal de varios grupos de alimentos; los documentos de referencia fueron “Evaluación y Seguimiento de la Estrategia NAOS: Conjunto de Indicadores” y las recomendaciones del “Documento de Consenso sobre la alimentación en los centros educativos”. Resultados y discusión: El 100% de los comedores cumple con los mínimos relativos a legumbres, pescados y precocinados y con las recomendaciones relativas a carne y productos cárnicos. Si bien se aproximan bastante, ninguno cumple con los mínimos de fruta, verdura o con la información nutricional complementaria. Se han evidenciado diferencias entre las recomendaciones de La Estrategia NAOS y las condiciones exigidas por el Departamento de Educación, así como dificultades en la cuantificación y clasificación de varios alimentos. Conclusiones: Se recomienda incrementar el contenido en frutas, verduras, huevos y pescado azul de los menús escolares, así como ofrecer a las familias una información de los menús más detallada.

  6. Association of School-Based Influenza Vaccination Clinics and School Absenteeism--Arkansas, 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gicquelais, Rachel E.; Safi, Haytham; Butler, Sandra; Smith, Nathaniel; Haselow, Dirk T.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Influenza is a major cause of seasonal viral respiratory illness among school-aged children. Accordingly, the Arkansas Department of Health (ADH) coordinates >800 school-based influenza immunization clinics before each influenza season. We quantified the relationship between student influenza vaccination in Arkansas public schools…

  7. Drivers and risk factors for circulating African swine fever virus in Uganda, 2012-2013.

    PubMed

    Kabuuka, T; Kasaija, P D; Mulindwa, H; Shittu, A; Bastos, A D S; Fasina, F O

    2014-10-01

    We explored observed risk factors and drivers of infection possibly associated with African swine fever (ASF) epidemiology in Uganda. Representative sub-populations of pig farms and statistics were used in a case-control model. Indiscriminate disposal of pig viscera and waste materials after slaughter, including on open refuse dumps, farm-gate buyers collecting pigs and pig products from within a farm, and retention of survivor pigs were plausible risk factors. Wire mesh-protected windows in pig houses were found to be protective against ASF infection. Sighting engorged ticks on pigs, the presence of a lock for each pig pen and/or a gate at the farm entrance were significantly associated with infection/non-infection; possible explanations were offered. Strict adherence to planned within-farm and community-based biosecurity, and avoidance of identified risk factors is recommended to reduce infection. Training for small-scale and emerging farmers should involve multidimensional and multidisciplinary approaches to reduce human-related risky behaviours driving infection.

  8. Investigation of hepatitis E outbreak among refugees - Upper Nile, South Sudan, 2012-2013.

    PubMed

    2013-07-26

    During the week of July 2, 2012, the deaths of two pregnant women and one child were reported by household mortality surveillance in Jamam refugee camp, Maban County, Upper Nile State, South Sudan. All were reported to have yellow eyes before death. During July 27-August 3, 2012, three adult males with acute onset jaundice were admitted to the Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) hospital in Jamam camp; two died within 4 days of admission. The Republic of South Sudan Ministry of Health, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), CDC, and humanitarian organizations responded through enhanced case surveillance, a serosurvey investigation, and targeted prevention efforts. As of January 27, 2013, a total of 5,080 acute jaundice syndrome (AJS) cases had been reported from all four Maban County refugee camps (Doro, Gendrassa, Jamam, and Yusuf Batil). Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection was confirmed in a convenience sample of cases in each camp. A cross-sectional serosurvey conducted in Jamam camp in November 2012 indicated that 54.3% of the population was susceptible to HEV infection. Across all camps, an AJS case-fatality rate (CFR) of 10.4% was observed among pregnant women. The outbreak response has focused on improving safe drinking water availability, improving sanitation and hygiene, conducting active case finding, and optimizing clinical care, especially among pregnant women. Sustaining these improvements, along with strengthening community outreach, is needed to improve outbreak control. Further investigation of the potential role for the newly developed HEV vaccine in outbreak control also is needed.

  9. The Journal of Public Inquiry, Fall/Winter 2012-2013

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    advertising.microsoft.com /small- business/search- advertising /ad-content-guidelines. created the false impression of a connection with SSA. Bennett & Gray voluntarily...more than a million dollars of online advertising services from Google and Yahoo! to ensure that online searches for terms related to obtaining a...misleading advertising . As the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals recognized in United Seniors Ass’n, Inc. v. SSA, “[i]n passing Section 1140, Congress

  10. HIV-1 Variants and Drug Resistance in Pregnant Women from Bata (Equatorial Guinea): 2012-2013

    PubMed Central

    Alvarez, Patricia; Fernández McPhee, Carolina; Prieto, Luis; Martín, Leticia; Obiang, Jacinta; Avedillo, Pedro; Vargas, Antonio; Rojo, Pablo; Benito, Agustín; Ramos, José Tomás; Holguín, África

    2016-01-01

    Objectives This is the first study describing drug resistance mutations (DRM) and HIV-1 variants among infected pregnant women in Equatorial Guinea (GQ), a country with high (6.2%) and increasing HIV prevalence. Methods Dried blood spots (DBS) were collected from November 2012 to December 2013 from 69 HIV-1 infected women participating in a prevention of mother-to-child transmission program in the Hospital Regional of Bata and Primary Health Care Centre María Rafols, Bata, GQ. The transmitted (TDR) or acquired (ADR) antiretroviral drug resistance mutations at partial pol sequence among naive or antiretroviral therapy (ART)-exposed women were defined following WHO or IAS USA 2015 lists, respectively. HIV-1 variants were identified by phylogenetic analyses. Results A total of 38 of 69 HIV-1 specimens were successfully amplified and sequenced. Thirty (79%) belonged to ART-experienced women: 15 exposed to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI) monotherapy, and 15 to combined ART (cART) as first regimen including two NRTI and one non-NRTI (NNRTI) or one protease inhibitor (PI). The TDR rate was only found for PI (3.4%). The ADR rate was 37.5% for NNRTI, 8.7% for NRTI and absent for PI or NRTI+NNRTI. HIV-1 group M non-B variants caused most (97.4%) infections, mainly (78.9%) recombinants: CRF02_AG (55.2%), CRF22_A101 (10.5%), subtype C (10.5%), unique recombinants (5.3%), and A3, D, F2, G, CRF06_cpx and CRF11_cpx (2.6% each). Conclusions The high rate of ADR to retrotranscriptase inhibitors (mainly to NNRTIs) observed among pretreated pregnant women reinforces the importance of systematic DRM monitoring in GQ to reduce HIV-1 resistance transmission and to optimize first and second-line ART regimens when DRM are present. PMID:27798676

  11. Prevalence of Marijuana-Related Traffic on Twitter, 2012-2013: A Content Analysis.

    PubMed

    Thompson, Leah; Rivara, Frederick P; Whitehill, Jennifer M

    2015-06-01

    This study assessed marijuana-related content posted by adolescents on Twitter and examined content variation before and after the 2012 U.S. election legalizing recreational use in two states. For two 3-week periods occurring 6 months before and after the election, a 1% random sample was obtained of all tweets matching a set of marijuana-related queries. Original content was separated from reposted content (retweets), and foreign language tweets and those not related to marijuana were excluded. Using a structured codebook, tweet content was categorized (e.g., mention of personal marijuana use, parents' views, perceived effects.) Self-reported age was extracted from tweet metadata when available. Chi-square tests were used to assess differences in content by whether the user self-identified as an adolescent and to compare content pre- versus post-election. The full sample consisted of 71,901 tweets. After excluding nonrelevant tweets and separating original tweets from retweets, the analytic sample included 36,969 original tweets. A majority (65.6%) of original tweets by adolescents (n=1,928) reflected a positive attitude toward marijuana, and 42.9% indicated personal use. Of adolescents' tweets that mentioned parents, 36.0% of tweets indicated parental support for the adolescent's marijuana use. Tweets about personal marijuana use increased from 2012 to 2013, as did positive perceptions about the drug. Adolescents and others on Twitter are exposed to positive discussion normalizing use. Over the study period, Twitter was increasingly used to disclose marijuana use.

  12. 77 FR 56027 - 2012-2013 Refuge-Specific Hunting and Sport Fishing Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-11

    ... pertain to migratory game bird hunting, upland game hunting, big game hunting, and sport fishing for the... fishing regulations when we open wildlife refuges to migratory game bird hunting, upland game hunting, big... migratory game bird hunting, upland game bird hunting, big game hunting, and sport fishing to...

  13. Extreme events of 2012, 2013 and 2014 linked to planetary wave resonance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Petoukhov, Vladimir; Coumou, Dim; Rahmstorf, Stefan; Stadtherr, Lisa; Kornhuber, Kai; Petri, Stefan; Schellnhuber, Hans Joachim

    2016-04-01

    Quasi-stationary planetary waves of large-amplitude have been linked to the occurrence of many of the most extreme weather events of the past decades in the Northern Hemisphere. This includes the European heat waves of 2003 and 2010 as well as the catastrophic Elbe flooding 2002. A resonance mechanism was proposed to explain the occurrence of large-amplitude planetary waves (Petoukhov et al. 2013) and a recent increase in the frequency of resonance events has been identified (Coumou et al. 2014). We extend the analysis to more recent extreme weather events. 2012 marked the warmest spring on record in the USA, accompanied by wettest spring in 100 years in the UK and national heat records for the warmest temperature in spring in 13 other European countries; torrential rains and demolishing floods in central and eastern China together with an oppressive heat wave in the USA in June; hottest July on record in the USA simultaneously with the worst flooding in 60 years in eastern China and Japan; unparalleled heat in the USA and destructive floods in China and the Philippines in August; and widespread floods in the UK in September. 2013 saw Central European Flooding in May-early June; trains of persistent heat waves in the USA and China in mid-June; and in the USA, central Europe, and western and eastern China end of June/July; strong floods in central China and Japan in late July/early August; and in north-eastern China and eastern Russia in mid-and late August; a sweltering heat wave in eastern China and Japan in early September; the worst flood in central China in late September/early October. The obtained results confirm a recent tendency to an increase in the frequency of occurrence of quasi-resonant conditions, favoring the emergence of persistent regional extremes in the NH mid-latitudes (Petoukhov et al, submitted). In May 2014, the Balkans were hit by a Vb-type cyclone that brought disastrous flooding and severe damage to Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Croatia. We have analysed this event in some detail and demonstrate a linkage to planetary wave resonance (Stadtherr et al., in revision). References Coumou D, Petoukhov V, Rahmstorf S, Petri S, and Schellnhuber HJ (2014) Quasi-resonant circulation regimes and hemispheric synchronization of extreme weather in boreal summer. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 111: 12331-12336. Petoukhov V, Rahmstorf S, Petri S, Schellnhuber HJ (2013) Quasiresonant amplification of planetary waves and recent Northern Hemisphere weather extremes. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 110(14): 5336-5341. Petoukhov V, Petri S, Rahmstorf S, Coumou D, Kornhuber K, Schellnhuber HJ (submitted) The role of quasi-resonant planetary wave dynamics in recent boreal spring-to-autumn extreme events. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. Stadtherr L, Coumou D, Petoukhov V, Petri S, Rahmstorf S (in revision) Record Balkan floods of 2014 linked to planetary wave resonance. Science Advances.

  14. Genotypes of the Enterovirus Causing Hand Foot and Mouth Disease in Shanghai, China, 2012-2013.

    PubMed

    Xu, Menghua; Su, Liyun; Cao, Lingfeng; Zhong, Huaqing; Dong, Niuniu; Dong, Zuoquan; Xu, Jin

    2015-01-01

    Sporadic HFMD (hand foot and mouth disease, HFMD) cases and outbreaks caused by etiologic agents other than EV71 and CA16 have increased globally. We conducted this study to investigate the prevalence and genetic characteristics of enteroviruses, especially the non-EV71 and non-CA16 enteroviruses, causing HFMD in Shanghai. Clinical specimens were collected from patients with a diagnosis of HFMD. A partial length of VP1 was amplified with RT-PCR and subjected to direct sequencing. Phylogenetic analyses were performed using MEGA 5.0. The ages of the HFMD cases ranged from 3 to 96 months, and the male/female ratio was 1.41. The median hospital stay was 2.96 days. Up to 18.0% of patients had neurologic system complications such as encephalitis, meningoencephalitis or meningitis. Of the 480 samples, 417 were positive for enterovirus (86.9%) with RT-PCR. A total of 13 enterovirus genotypes were identified. The most frequent genotypes were CA6 (31.9%), EV71 (30.6%), CA16 (8.8%) and CA10 (7.5%). Infections with CA6, EV71, CA16 and CA10 were prevalent throughout the years of study, while the proportion of CA6 notably increased from Sep. 2012 to Dec. 2013. Phylogenetic analyses showed that EV71 strains belonged to the C4a subgenogroup and CA16 was identified as B1b subgenogroup. The CA6 strains were assigned to genogroup F, whereas the CA10 strains were assigned to genogroup D. Patients infected with CA6 were typically younger, had a shorter hospital stay and had a lower incidence of neurologic system complications when compared to patients infected with EV71. Our study demonstrates that the enterovirus genotypes causing HFMD were diversified, and there was an increasing prevalence of the non-EV71 and non-CA16 enteroviruses from 2012 to 2013. CA6 was the most predominant pathogen causing HFMD from Sep. 2012 to Dec. 2013, and it often caused relatively mild HFMD symptoms. Most severe HFMD cases were associated with EV71 infection.

  15. Intercomparison of γ-spectrometry analysis of radionuclides between China and Japan in 2012-2013.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Qiang; Wang, Xiaoqiang; Tuo, Fei; Han, Yanqing; Ikeuchi, Yoshihiro; Yang, Jia; Xu, Cuihua; Zhang, Jing; Li, Wenhong; Zhang, Qing; Su, Xu

    2015-11-01

    An intercomparison of γ-spectrometry measurement and analysis was organized by the Japan Chemical Analysis Center (JCAC), the National Institute for Radiological Protection, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (NIRP, China CDC), and the Radiation Monitoring Technical Center of Ministry of Environmental Protection, Chinese (RMTC). The main objective of this study was to assess the γ-spectrometry measurement and analysis technology. The JCAC completed the collection and preparation of soil and powdered rice samples. Three laboratories compared the measurement of seven radionuclides that included two samples of (214)Pb, (214)Bi, (208)Tl, (228)Ac, (40)K, (137)Cs, and (134)Cs with γ-spectrometry. During the studies conducted at the laboratory, the calculated value En was found to be the total uncertainty data of the reported activity. Except (134)Cs in powdered rice sample, the calculated En between each of the two laboratories was <1. The measurement results are acceptable except (134)Cs; therefore, measurement results in the three laboratories were consistent within a certain range except in the case of (134)Cs. Although there is a need to improve the accuracy of measurements and analysis of (134)Cs, an intercomparison was conducted of the tested levels on radionuclide analyzed in the three laboratories.

  16. Improvements, trends, and new ideas in molecular docking: 2012-2013 in review.

    PubMed

    Yuriev, Elizabeth; Holien, Jessica; Ramsland, Paul A

    2015-10-01

    Molecular docking is a computational method for predicting the placement of ligands in the binding sites of their receptor(s). In this review, we discuss the methodological developments that occurred in the docking field in 2012 and 2013, with a particular focus on the more difficult aspects of this computational discipline. The main challenges and therefore focal points for developments in docking, covered in this review, are receptor flexibility, solvation, scoring, and virtual screening. We specifically deal with such aspects of molecular docking and its applications as selection criteria for constructing receptor ensembles, target dependence of scoring functions, integration of higher-level theory into scoring, implicit and explicit handling of solvation in the binding process, and comparison and evaluation of docking and scoring methods.

  17. 76 FR 30139 - Federal Need Analysis Methodology for the 2012-2013 Award Year

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-24

    ... spouse. Dependent Students And they are If the age of the older parent is Married Single Then the..., recognizes additional expenses incurred by working spouses and single-parent households. The allowance is... for parents of dependent students, adjusted net worth of a business or farm, and the...

  18. Direct molecular typing of Bordetella pertussis from nasopharyngeal specimens in China in 2012-2013.

    PubMed

    Du, Q; Wang, X; Liu, Y; Luan, Y; Zhang, J; Li, Y; Liu, X; Ma, C; Li, H; Wang, Z; He, Q

    2016-07-01

    Data on the molecular epidemiology of Bordetella pertussis are limited in developing countries where whole-cell pertussis vaccines (WCVs) have been used. The aim of this study was to determine the genotypes of circulating B. pertussis in China by direct molecular typing of clinical specimens. DNA extracts of 122 nasopharyngeal swabs (NPs) positive for B. pertussis by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) (targeting IS481 and ptx-Pr) from 2012 to 2013 were used for typing using the multiple-locus variable number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) and also by PCR-based multilocus sequence typing (MLST) of B. pertussis virulence genes (ptxP, prn, and fim3). One hundred and eight DNA extracts (89 %) generated a complete MLVA type (MT). Among the 18 MTs obtained, MT55 (52 %) and MT104 (13 %) were the most common. MT27, which is linked to the ptxP3 allele and is prevalent in many developed countries using acellular pertussis vaccines (ACVs), was only found in 7 (6 %) DNA extracts. Eighty-seven DNA extracts (71 %) produced a complete multiantigen sequence typing (MAST) type. Of them, 77 (89 %) had the ptxP1/prn1/fim3-1 allele profile. Four DNA extracts (5 %) had the ptxP3/prn2/fim3-2 profile and 3 (4 %) had the ptxP3/prn1/fim3-2 allele profile. These seven DNA extracts also harbored MT27. Our result shows that B. pertussis circulating in China was different from those found in countries where ACVs have been in use, supporting the notion that selection pressure induced by WCVs and ACVs on the bacterial population differs.

  19. Avian Plasmodium infection in field-collected mosquitoes during 2012-2013 in Tarlac, Philippines.

    PubMed

    Chen, Tien-Huang; Aure, Wilfredo E; Cruz, Estrella Irlandez; Malbas, Fedelino F; Teng, Hwa-Jen; Lu, Liang-Chen; Kim, Kyeong Soon; Tsuda, Yoshio; Shu, Pei-Yun

    2015-12-01

    Global warming threatens to increase the spread and prevalence of mosquito-transmitted diseases. Certain pathogens may be carried by migratory birds and transmitted to local mosquito populations. Mosquitoes were collected in the northern Philippines during bird migration seasons to detect avian malaria parasites as well as for the identification of potential vector species and the estimation of infections among local mosquito populations. We used the nested PCR to detect the avian malaria species. Culex vishnui (47.6%) was the most abundant species collected and Cx. tritaeniorhynchus (13.8%) was the second most abundant. Avian Plasmodium parasites were found in eight mosquito species, for which the infection rates were between 0.5% and 6.2%. The six Plasmodium genetic lineages found in this study included P. juxtanucleare -GALLUS02, Tacy7 (Donana04), CXBIT01, Plasmodium species LIN2 New Zealand, and two unclassified lineages. The potential mosquito vectors for avian Plasmodium parasites in the Philippines were Cq. crassipes, Cx. fuscocephala, Cx. quinquefasciatus, Cx. sitiens, Cx. vishnui, and Ma. Uniformis; two major genetic lineages, P. juxtanucleare and Tacy7, were identified.

  20. 78 FR 13651 - Applications, Reports, and Other Records for the 2012-2013 Award Year

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-28

    ... Opportunity Grant, Federal Work-Study, Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Pell Grant, William D. Ford Federal... Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant Program; 84.033 Federal Work-Study Programs; 84.038 Federal Perkins... Educational Opportunity Grant (FSEOG), Federal Work-Study (FWS), Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Pell...

  1. Psychoeducational Management of Disruptive Youth. Treatment of Delinquency Series, Chapter 8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dembinski, Raymond J.

    The eighth part of a 10-part series, this report was compiled by the Educational Development Center at Wilkes College. The series deals with various aspects of the treatment of delinquents and is intended as a summary of research findings in each of the areas treated. Each report was prepared by a scholar-practitioner and is presented in a way…

  2. Transforming the Educational Experience of Young Men of Color. School Counseling Series. Volume 2: Increase Partnerships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College Board Advocacy & Policy Center, 2012

    2012-01-01

    In 2011, the National Office for School Counselor Advocacy launched a journal series to support and build awareness of the issues and challenges raised by the College Board Advocacy & Policy Center's research report, "The Educational Experience of Young Men of Color" (youngmenofcolor.collegeboard.org.) The intent of the series is to…

  3. Time Series Explorer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Scargle, J.

    With the generation of long, precise, and finely sampled time series the Age of Digital Astronomy is uncovering and elucidating energetic dynamical processes throughout the Universe. Fulfilling these opportunities requires data effective analysis techniques rapidly and automatically implementing advanced concepts. The Time Series Explorer, under development in collaboration with Tom Loredo, provides tools ranging from simple but optimal histograms to time and frequency domain analysis for arbitrary data modes with any time sampling. Examples of application of these tools for automated time series discovery will be given.

  4. Astronomy on Tap: A New Event Series for Outreach and Professional Development

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rice, Emily L.; Schwamb, M. E.; Muna, D.

    2014-01-01

    We have established an innovative public outreach event series called Astronomy on Tap. The venues, format, timing, and content of the events aim to bring science to the public in an informal, engaging, creative way and to reach a larger, more diverse audience than typical public science lectures at academic and cultural institutions. Each event is held on a weekday evening at a bar and features several short astronomy-related presentations, usually electronic slides with other media formats encouraged. The presenters are typically early-career scientists (grad students, postdocs and new faculty) and occasionally educators, writers, and artists with experience relevant to astronomy. The informal and interactive environment is encouraged by allowing ample time for questions and conversations between presenters and the audience before, during, and after presentations. We also have a designated host who provides introductions, interludes, games, prizes, and give aways. The events serve as professional development by providing opportunities for early-career scientists to practice communication and presentation skills in a decidedly non-academic environment. We have successfully held over ten events in three cities in 2012-2013 and received extremely positive feedback from presenters, attendees, and venue staff. We present key practical considerations for hosting a similar event and share initial evaluation results collected at events in October 2013.

  5. Upper Gastrointestinal (GI) Series

    MedlinePlus

    ... barium or flavoring in the barium intestinal obstruction Seek care right away If you have any of the following symptoms after an upper GI series, seek medical attention right away: fever no bowel movement ...

  6. Lower GI Series

    MedlinePlus

    ... GI series. • an allergic reaction to the barium. • bowel obstruction—partial or complete blockage of the small or large intestine. Although rare, bowel obstruction can be a life-threatening condition that requires ...

  7. Time Series Explorer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Loredo, Thomas

    The key, central objectives of the proposed Time Series Explorer project are to develop an organized collection of software tools for analysis of time series data in current and future NASA astrophysics data archives, and to make the tools available in two ways: as a library (the Time Series Toolbox) that individual science users can use to write their own data analysis pipelines, and as an application (the Time Series Automaton) providing an accessible, data-ready interface to many Toolbox algorithms, facilitating rapid exploration and automatic processing of time series databases. A number of time series analysis methods will be implemented, including techniques that range from standard ones to state-of-the-art developments by the proposers and others. Most of the algorithms will be able to handle time series data subject to real-world problems such as data gaps, sampling that is otherwise irregular, asynchronous sampling (in multi-wavelength settings), and data with non-Gaussian measurement errors. The proposed research responds to the ADAP element supporting the development of tools for mining the vast reservoir of information residing in NASA databases. The tools that will be provided to the community of astronomers studying variability of astronomical objects (from nearby stars and extrasolar planets, through galactic and extragalactic sources) will revolutionize the quality of timing analyses that can be carried out, and greatly enhance the scientific throughput of all NASA astrophysics missions past, present, and future. The Automaton will let scientists explore time series - individual records or large data bases -- with the most informative and useful analysis methods available, without having to develop the tools themselves or understand the computational details. Both elements, the Toolbox and the Automaton, will enable deep but efficient exploratory time series data analysis, which is why we have named the project the Time Series Explorer. Science

  8. Developing and implementing a bereavement support program for college students.

    PubMed

    Battle, Cynthia L; Greer, Joseph A; Ortiz-Hernández, Samia; Todd, David M

    2013-04-01

    The death of a loved one can be particularly difficult for college students, as significant losses are not anticipated during this time. Bereavement experiences are, however, not uncommon among college students, and campus environments can be isolating and nonconducive to recovery. To date, few interventions have been developed to meet bereaved college students' needs. The authors describe the rationale, development, and structure of a campus-based bereavement support program in New England, which provided a series of 17 support groups serving 105 students. They present feedback data from a subset of participants and discuss issues to consider in providing similar on-campus services.

  9. Public versus Private Colleges: Political Participation of College Graduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lott, Joe L., II.; Hernandez, Jose; King, Joe P.; Brown, Tiffany; Fajardo, Ismael

    2013-01-01

    Using data from the Baccalaureate and Beyond Longitudinal Study (B&B:93/03) of College Graduates, we use structural equation modeling to model the relationships between college major, values held in college, collegiate community service participation, and the post-college political participation of college graduates by public versus private…

  10. On Sums of Numerical Series and Fourier Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pavao, H. Germano; de Oliveira, E. Capelas

    2008-01-01

    We discuss a class of trigonometric functions whose corresponding Fourier series, on a conveniently chosen interval, can be used to calculate several numerical series. Particular cases are presented and two recent results involving numerical series are recovered. (Contains 1 note.)

  11. Converting Work into College Credits

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffman, Joseph A.

    1976-01-01

    The Cooperative Education Program conducted by the New Jersey Department of Labor and Industry and Thomas A. Edison College enables State labor department employees to work toward college degrees by attending free classes, taking college-level examinations for college credit, and converting work and life experiences into college credits.…

  12. A Student Outcomes Model for Community Colleges--Measuring Institutional Effectiveness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garcia, Anthony E.; Pacheco, John M.

    In 1986, Santa Fe Community College (SFCC), in New Mexico, developed the Student Outcomes Model (SOM), an approach to student outcomes assessment which focuses on institutional mission, the college's diverse clientele, and the varied enrollment goals of its students. Through a series of ongoing outcomes studies, the SOM seeks to: identify what the…

  13. Counseling with Heart: A Relationship Violence Prevention Program for College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hays, Danica G.; Michel, Rebecca E.; Bayne, Hannah B.; Neuer Colburn, Anita A.; Smith Myers, Jayne

    2015-01-01

    Relationship violence is a salient concern on college campuses today, and psychoeducational groups may be an appropriate prevention format. This article describes a study measuring the impact of college student participation in the HEART (Help End Abusive Relationships Today) program, a series of group sessions designed to increase knowledge and…

  14. Exploring the Multimodality of EFL Textbooks for Chinese College Students: A Comparative Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Xiqin; Qu, Dianning

    2014-01-01

    To explore the multimodality of two representative EFL textbook series for Chinese college students, their visual and verbal semiotic modes were compared. The target textbooks are "Experiencing English" and "New Century College English". Through multimodal discourse analysis, the study aims to shed some light on how to develop…

  15. Telling a Compelling Story: Managing Inclusion in Colleges of Further Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallace, Sue; Gravells, Jonathan

    2010-01-01

    Taking as its starting point a series of interviews with senior and middle managers in FE colleges across the country, this paper argues that the values and practices which reflect a commitment to inclusive education and training are unlikely to become effectively embedded within the organisational structures and ethos of a college simply through…

  16. Instructing Students with Learning Disabilities: Guidelines for Community College Faculty and Support Staff. Conference Proceedings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perin, Dolores, Ed.

    In a series of conferences provided for faculty and support staff in several community colleges in the New York City metropolitan area, presentations were made on instructing college students with learning disabilities. Summaries of 15 of these presentations are offered, with the following titles and presenters: "Applying Learning Disabilities…

  17. Focus: A Forum on Teaching and Learning in Utah Community and Technical Colleges, Volume II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carpenter, Don A., Ed.

    1983-01-01

    A series of articles is presented on teaching and learning in Utah community and technical colleges. After an editorial comment by J. Marvin Higbee on the goals and purposes of the Utah Association of Community Colleges, V. Lowell Hansen discusses the role of the technical instructor in the information society of the 1980's. Next, Ace G.…

  18. Successful Long-Term College Presidents and the Positioning of Their Institutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donnelly, Joseph C., Jr.

    A qualitative study was undertaken to examine similarities and differences in the leadership styles of two successful private liberal arts college presidents and two successful public two-year college presidents. During site visits, a series of semi-structured, open-ended interviews were conducted with the president, senior staff and faculty,…

  19. Native American Racial Identity Development and College Adjustment at Two-Year Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, Joshua C.

    2009-01-01

    In this study, a series of simultaneous multiple regression analyses were conducted to examine the relationship between racial identity development and college adjustment for a sample of 76 Choctaw community college students in the South. Results indicated that 3 of the 4 racial identity statuses (dissonance, immersion-emersion, and…

  20. The College Pairs Study: Evaluation of Tech-Prep in New York State.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brodsky, Stanley M.; Arroyo, Carmen G.

    This document is part of a series of reports of a Statewide Evaluation Study of the Tech-Prep Program in New York State. The Pairs Study involved analysis of Tech-Prep vs. non-Tech-Prep student performance using 14 pairs of institutions - one college and its feeder high school. Research utilized high school and college transcripts for 391 students…

  1. The Impact of Participation in the Advanced Placement Program on Students' College Admissions Test Scores

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warne, Russell T.; Larsen, Ross; Anderson, Braydon; Odasso, Alyce J.

    2015-01-01

    The Advanced Placement (AP) program is an educational program that permits high school students to take introductory college-level courses and receive college credit by passing a standardized end-of-course exam. Data were obtained from a statewide database of 2 high school graduating cohorts (N = 90,044). We used a series of propensity score…

  2. American College Students' Attitudes toward Rape Victims and Beliefs in a Just World.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Jeaw Mei; Lin, Phylis Lan

    Two hundred sixty-six college students from four Indiana colleges and universities completed a series of surveys to determine gender differences in attitudes toward rape victims. The instruments adapted and used included the Rubin and Peplau Just World Scale (JWS), the Burt Sex Role Stereotype Scale, the Attitudes Toward Rape Victims Scale (ATRVS)…

  3. A Call to Action: Changing the Culture of Drinking at U.S. Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Inst. on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (DHHS), Rockville, MD.

    This report focuses on drinking by college students. Rather than debating how many drink how much, the Task Force that prepared the report concentrated on the consequences of drinking. Data from many sources are used to show the effects of drinking and to develop a series of recommendations for college, researchers, and the National Institute of…

  4. Exploring the Drinking/Driving Behaviors and Attitudes of College Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Geller, E. Scott

    While there is little research specifically dealing with college students and drunk driving, there is ample evidence of frequent, heavy drinking by students. A series of projects was undertaken to explore college students' drinking behavior and attitudes related to alcohol-impaired driving. These projects included: (1) analysis of behavioral…

  5. Meeting Students' Goals & Public Expectations. Washington State Community and Technical Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges, Olympia.

    This accountability report is the first in a series of progress reports describing how Washington's community and technical colleges have met their goals for educational programs, student achievement, and responsiveness to their communities. The strengths of the community and technical colleges are preparing a skilled workforce, providing access…

  6. Passion: Burning in the West--An Investigation on College Students' Volunteer Teaching in Western China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhen, Li

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the author investigates college students' volunteer teaching in Western China. A series of investigations were conducted in Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Shanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, and Xinjiang. The results showed that teaching by volunteer college students played a positive role in the development of local education…

  7. Patterns and Determinants of Student Affiliation at a Public Urban Commuter College. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bolton, Charles D.; And Others

    The report covers preparatory work for a further two-year study of student affiliation and drop-out at a four-year urban commuter college, Portland State College. The principal task was the development and testing of a series of scales measuring various aspects of student affiliation. After preliminary testing, scale test items were administered…

  8. STEM Aspiration: The Influence of Social Capital and Chilly Climate on Female Community College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jorstad, John; Starobin, Soko S.; Chen, Yu; Kollasch, Aurelia

    2017-01-01

    This quantitative study examined the predictive impact of a series of factors on female community college students' intention to transfer in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). The STEM Student Success Literacy survey (SSSL) was utilized to collect data from a large, diverse community college located in Florida. After the…

  9. A College's Liability for Unauthorized Copying of Microcomputer Software by Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gemignani, Michael

    1986-01-01

    Reviews copyright law and "contributory infringement" as it relates to computer software and possible student and staff violation in colleges and universities. Also discusses possibilities of "breach of contract" and "negligence" in computer software use. Provides a series of recommendations for universities and colleges to protect their…

  10. Strategies for Success: Promising Ideas in Adult College Completion. Policy Exchanges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lane, Patrick

    2012-01-01

    This publication is the first of a series focusing on promising new ideas and innovative practices developed through the Adult College Completion Network. The brief addresses five topics of importance to those working to improve adult college completion: (1) Data availability particular to the returning adult population; (2) Partnerships between…

  11. Extending the Alternating Series Test

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katsuura, Hidefumi

    2012-01-01

    Alternating series have the simplest of sign patterns. What about series with more complicated patterns? By inspecting the alternating series test closely, we find a theorem that applies to more complicated sign patterns, and beyond.

  12. Getting Ready for College: Financial Concerns and Preparation among the High School Senior Class of 2003-04. Issue Tables. NCES 2010-204

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Xianglei; Wu, Joanna; Tasoff, Shayna

    2010-01-01

    With college tuition rising significantly over the past three decades (Snyder, Dillow, and Hoffman 2009), students and parents have become increasingly concerned about college affordability, financial aid, and financial preparations for postsecondary education. This set of Issue Tables, one of a series examining students' preparation for college,…

  13. College and University Challenge

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This EPA's Green Power Partnership Challenge tracks and recognizes U.S. colleges and universities recognizes the largest single green power users within each participating collegiate athletic conferences.

  14. College Drinking - Changing the Culture

    MedlinePlus

    ... about college alcohol policies College Drinking - Changing the Culture This is your one-stop resource for comprehensive ... More about special features College Drinking - Changing the Culture This is your one-stop resource for comprehensive ...

  15. Sequences, Series, and Mathematica.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathews, John H.

    1992-01-01

    Describes how the computer algebra system Mathematica can be used to enhance the teaching of the topics of sequences and series. Examines its capabilities to find exact, approximate, and graphically generated approximate solutions to problems from these topics and to understand proofs about sequences. (MDH)

  16. Building Alliances Series: Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brady, Cecilia

    2009-01-01

    Public-private partnerships done right are a powerful tool for development, providing enduring solutions to some of the greatest challenges. To help familiarize readers with the art of alliance building, the Global Development Alliance (GDA) office has created a series of practical guides that highlight proven practices in partnerships,…

  17. Diamond Anniversary Lecture Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Dewey A.; And Others

    This document contains the texts of four lectures that were presented as part of a series commemorating the 75th anniversary of Ohio State University's Department of Agricultural Education. The first lecture, "The Conceptualization Process and Vocational Education Management," (Dewey A. Adams) discusses a five-step management behavior approach for…

  18. Computer Series, 54.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, John W., Ed.

    1984-01-01

    Describes graphical solutions of equations for stirred-tank reactors in series; data management software for producing and searching customized mass spectral libraries; least squares and chromatography programs; a low-cost data acquisition system for Apple microcomputers; nuclear magnetic resonance interpretation with graphics; chemical bonding…

  19. Discrimination. Opposing Viewpoints Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Mary E., Ed.

    Books in the Opposing Viewpoints series challenge readers to question their own opinions and assumptions. By reading carefully balanced views, readers confront new ideas on the topic of interest. The Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibited job discrimination based on age, race, religion, gender, or national origin, provided the groundwork for…

  20. Poverty. Opposing Viewpoints Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leone, Bruno, Ed.

    Books in the Opposing Viewpoints Series present debates about current issues that can be used to teach critical reading and thinking skills. The varied opinions in each collection explore aspects of a social, cultural, or political issue. A great deal of money has been spent in this country to eradicate poverty, but the problem remains. Some…

  1. Gangs. Opposing Viewpoints Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cozic, Charles P., Ed.

    Books in the Opposing Viewpoints Series present debates about current issues that can be used to teach critical reading and thinking skills. The variety of opinions expressed in this collection of articles and book excerpts explore many aspects of juvenile gangs. Some youths join gangs of their own free choice, to satisfy ego or greed. Others are…

  2. Lower GI Series

    MedlinePlus

    ... may ask the person to change position several times to evenly coat the large intestine with the barium • if the health care provider has ordered a double-contrast lower GI series, the radiologist will inject air through the tube ...

  3. Parent's Journal. [Videotape Series].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1999

    Parent's Journal is a set of 16 videotapes for parents of prenatal, infant, and toddler-age children, created by the Alaska Native Home Base Video Project of the Tlingit and Haida Head Start Program. This series offers culturally relevant solutions to the challenges of parenting, drawing on the life stories and experiences of capable mothers and…

  4. Family Feathers. [Videotape Series].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1999

    Family Feathers is a set of 18 videotapes for parents of preschool children, created by the Alaska Native Home Base Video Project of the Tlingit and Haida Head Start Program. This series offers culturally relevant solutions to the challenges of parenting, drawing on practical advice from Tlingit and Haida parents, wisdom from elders, and some of…

  5. Themes. Informal Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kessens, Rosanne

    Part of the larger Informal Education Series, this publication brings together many of the materials prepared by Rosanne Kessens for teachers and parents involved in Follow Through settings. Contents first explore theme development as an integrated approach to learning and then describe strategies for planning themes. Subsequent materials offer…

  6. Factors Associated with Recurrent Suicidal Ideation among Racially and Ethnically Diverse College Students with a History of Suicide Attempt: The Role of Mindfulness.

    PubMed

    Chesin, Megan S; Jeglic, Elizabeth L

    2016-01-01

    Although one-third of enrolled U.S. undergraduate college students are non-White, little is known about risk factors for suicidal behavior among racial and ethnic minority students. Thus, we set out to determine psychosocial factors associated with recurrent suicidal ideation among racially and ethnically diverse college students with a history of suicide attempt. From 2012-2013, 1,734 racially and ethnically diverse college students completed an on-line survey of suicidal behavior and associated factors. Depression, hopelessness, rejection sensitivity, and mindfulness, as well as past-year discrimination, ethnic identification, and acculturative stress were measured using well-validated self-report instruments. The Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation was used to assess current suicidal ideation. A subsample of 118 college students who self-reported a past suicide attempt were selected for the current analysis. Logistic regression analysis was used to test associations between risk factors and the presence of suicidal ideation, and linear regression analysis was used to test factors associated with suicidal ideation severity among those who reported current suicidal ideation. Depression was significantly related to both the presence and severity of current suicidal ideation. Mindfulness, and in particular awareness of present moment experience, was also inversely associated with ideation severity. We found depression and mindlessness were associated with suicidal ideation severity among a sample of diverse college students at high risk for suicidal behavior due to a past suicide attempt. Factors unique to the minority experience, such as acculturative stress, were not associated with current suicidal ideation. Implications for suicide prevention are discussed.

  7. Innovative Ideas in College Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cogan, Max

    1973-01-01

    Seven examples of adaptation and new developments are described: Graceland College, Manchester College, Plymouth State College, U.S. Coast Guard Academy, Colorado State College, North Carolina State University, and Brookdale Community College. (Editors/JA)

  8. Case Citations 1991. Eleventh Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharp, Linda A., Ed.

    Case citations from five legal areas--college students, liability on campus, sport law, employment, and employment discrimination--are presented in this document. Each section offers brief summaries of cases and concludes with a table of cases. The first section on college students examines litigation involving student finances, disciplinary…

  9. Latino College Completion: Maine

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Excelencia in Education (NJ1), 2012

    2012-01-01

    In 2009, Excelencia in Education launched the Ensuring America's Future initiative to inform, organize, and engage leaders in a tactical plan to increase Latino college completion. An executive summary of Latino College Completion in 50 states synthesizes information on 50 state factsheets and builds on the national benchmarking guide. Each…

  10. Community Colleges and Literacy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Epstein, Donald B.

    Following a brief history of literacy from the dawn of civilization in Egypt to the founding of the community college movement in the United States in 1945-55, this paper describes the Guided Studies Program at Clackamas Community College. The aim of the program is to increase literacy, which is viewed as a means to help students' self improvement…

  11. Community College Partnership.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black, Marjorie

    Community colleges must assume a proactive leadership role to develop strategies that establish and maintain partnerships with business and other community organizations. San Juan College (SJC) has forged partnerships with a variety of local organizations, including governmental, civic, business, educational, medical, and cultural groups.…

  12. College Readiness for All?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hess, Frederick M.

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, American education has enthusiastically adopted the mantra of "college readiness for all." What's not to like about that? Frederick Hess says that although he considers college readiness an admirable goal, he has serious reservations about advocates, funders, and policymakers imposing this norm across all schools. His…

  13. The Community College Presidency.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vaughan, George B.

    Drawing from interviews and survey data related to career and lifestyles, leadership, and spouses, this book explores the community college presidency. Chapter 1 provides a brief overview of the characteristics and roles of those currently occupying the position. The socioeconomic and family backgrounds of today's community college presidents are…

  14. College and Career Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ICF International (NJ1), 2012

    2012-01-01

    Graduating high school students must be adequately prepared to enter post-secondary training or employment, without the need for remediation, in order to take their places as independent adults and informed citizens. College and career readiness has taken the forefront of national and state education policy. ICF's information brief on college and…

  15. College Preparation Checklist

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Student Aid, US Department of Education, 2013

    2013-01-01

    Why go to college? A higher education introduces students to new people and new experiences, and usually leads to a higher salary and lower chance of unemployment. This checklist will tell you how to get ready for college--and how the government will help you pay for it.

  16. Community Colleges Today

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crawford, Corinne; Jervis, Angela

    2011-01-01

    Dr. Jill Biden, Vice President Joe Biden's wife, has been teaching in community colleges for the past 18 years. Dr. Biden believes that community colleges are "…uniquely American institutions where anyone who walks through the door is one step closer to realizing the American dream." This is an inspiring sentiment. However, of all the…

  17. Community College Faculty Competencies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexander, Ann; Karvonen, Meagan; Ulrich, Jana; Davis, Tanya; Wade, Anne

    2012-01-01

    Much has been written about the characteristics of effective college teachers. However, skill sets have not yet been defined with any level of specificity. Also, instructors at community colleges have unique working conditions and challenges that influence how they teach. This paper illustrates the use of three studies conducted to build and…

  18. The Experimental College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meiklejohn, Alexander; Powell, John Walker, Ed.

    In the early twentieth century, Alexander Meiklejohn believed the undergraduate college must teach students how to think. He aspired to make students into thinking, caring, active citizens with the intellectual skills to participate in a democratic society. In 1927, with the founding of the Experimental College at the University of Wisconsin, he…

  19. The Experimental College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meiklejohn, Alexander

    "The Experimental College" tells the story of a 4-year academic experiment at the University of Wisconsin established by Alexander Meiklejohn. Aimed at finding a method of teaching that would help students develop "intelligence in the conduct of their own lives," the Experimental College discarded major requirements,…

  20. MBTI and College Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robertson, Jacqueline

    1997-01-01

    Seeks to determine if differences exist in learning styles between developmental "at-risk" college students and college peer-tutors. Finds that through the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), differences existed on the Judging-Perceiving scale. Discusses academic skills related to this scale along with suggestions peer-tutors can use…