Buffington, Matthew L.; van Noort, Simon
Abstract The Afrotropical Oberthuerellinae are revised, and new dichotomous and multi-entry keys to the species of Oberthuerella, Tessmannella, and Xenocynips are provided. All previously described species in these genera are redescribed; descriptions are augmented by color images of the holotype for each species. The following 11 species are described as new: Oberthuerella cyclopia Buffington & van Noort; Oberthuerella eschara Buffington & van Noort; Oberthuerella kibalensis van Noort & Buffington; Oberthuerella pardolatus Buffington & van Noort; Oberthuerella sharkeyi Buffington & van Noort; Oberthuerella simba Buffington & van Noort; Tessmannella copelandi Buffington & van Noort; Tessmannella kiplingi Buffington & van Noort; Tessmannella roberti Buffington & van Noort; Xenocynips rhothion Buffington & van Noort; and Xenocynips ronquisti Buffington & van Noort. We provide identification keys to the genera and species occurring in the Afrotropical region. Online dichotomous and interactive Lucid keys to genera and species are available at http://www.waspweb.org/Cynipoidea/Keys/index.htm PMID:22773909
Rousse, Pascal; van Noort, Simon; Diller, E.
Abstract We revise the 10 genera and 23 species of the tribe Phaeogenini (Ichneumonidae: Ichneumoninae) known to occur in the Afrotropical region. We describe the following 13 new taxa: Kibalus Rousse, van Noort & Diller, gen. n.; K. toro Rousse, van Noort & Diller, sp. n.; K. mubfs Rousse & van Noort, sp. n.; Arearia oxymoron Rousse & van Noort, sp. n.; Chauvinia nyanga Rousse & van Noort, sp. n.; Dicaelotus asantesana Rousse & van Noort, sp. n.; D. hoerikwaggoensis Rousse & van Noort, sp. n.; D. tablemountainensis Rousse & van Noort, sp. n.; Heterischnus mfongosi Rousse & van Noort, sp. n.; H. mkomazi Rousse & van Noort, sp. n.; Lusius flummox Rousse & van Noort, sp. n.; Tycherus amatola Rousse & van Noort, sp. n.; and T. nardousberg Rousse & van Noort, sp. n. New distribution records: Heterischnus africanus (Heinrich, 1936) from South Africa, Tanzania and Uganda; H. krausi Schönitzer, 1999 from Rwanda; Lusius tenuissimus (Heinrich, 1938) from Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Nigeria, South Africa, and Zimbabwe. A doubtful record of Aethecerus foveolatus Gregor, 1940 from Sao Tome is additionaly reported in the appendix. We provide illustrated diagnoses and identification notes. Online interactive dichotomous and matrix Lucid keys to genera and species are available at http://www.waspweb.org. PMID:24294101
Desbois, G.; Urai, J. L.; De Bresser, J. H. P.
healing criterion of Van Noort et al. (2008). This suggests that PS creep is not active in our samples. Therefore, there is a disagreement with previous microstructural studies (Schléder and Urai, 2007; Desbois et al., 2010) of similar samples, which have shown active PS creep (and dislocation creep) in of salt glaciers. We discuss different explanations for this, which imply that both healing and reactivation of grain boundaries is important in salt glaciers, leading to heterogeneous distribution of deformation mechanisms and strain rates in both space and time. Desbois G., Zavada P., Schléder Z., Urai J.L., 2010. Deformation and recrystallization mechanisms in naturally deformed salt fountain: microstructural evidence for a switch in deformation mechanisms with increased availability of meteoric water and decreased grain size (Qum Kuh, central Iran). Journal of Structural Geology, 32 (4), 580-594. Schléder Z. and Urai J.L. (2007). Deformation and recrystallization mechanisms in mylonitic shear zones in naturally deformed extrusive Eocene-Oligocene rock salt from Eyvanekey plateau and Garmsar hills (central Iran). Journal of structural geology, 29: 241-255. Van Noort, R., Visser, H.J.M., Spiers, C.J., 2008. Influence of grain boundary structure on dissolution controlled pressure solution and retarding effects of grain boundary healing. J. Geophys. Res. 113.
Solar images from high-resolution, ground-based telescopes are corrected for the blurring effects of atmospheric turbulence by use of adaptive optics and post-facto image restoration. Two classes of image restoration methods are regularly used today, those based on Multi-Frame Blind Deconvolution (MFBD; Löfdahl 2002) and those based on Speckle Interferometry (SI; von der Luhe &Dunn 1987). In a recently started project, we will compare and evaluate such methods for use with spectropolarimetric data from the CRisp Imaging SpectroPolarimeter (CRISP; Scharmer et al. 2008) of the Swedish 1-meter Solar Telescope (SST; Scharmer et al. 2003). For SST/CRISP data we routinely use the Multi-Object MFBD (MOMFBD; van Noort et al. 2005) technique to jointly restore images collected from a wideband camera and from the narrowband cameras behind the CRISP FPI and polarimetry optics. This crucial step in the data reduction pipeline of CRISP (CRISPRED; de la Cruz Rodríguez et al. 2015) is carefully integrated with the application of various procedures that are designed to reduce effects of imperfections in the instruments. In order to make the comparison as fair as possible, we have extended CRISPRED so that the Kiepenheuer-Institut Speckle Interferometry Package (KISIP; Wöger & von der Lühe 2008), together with Speckle Deconvolution (SD; Keller & von der Luehe 1992; Mikurda et al. 2006), can serve as a drop in replacement for MOMFBD. The adaption of SI and SD to CRISPRED will allow us to make fair comparisons not only of the restored images, but also of derivative data like Stokes maps and further on to evaluate the consequences of remaining errors and artifacts for the interpretation of physical quantities inferred through atmospheric model inversions.
Raupach, Michael J.; Barco, Andrea; Steinke, Dirk; Beermann, Jan; Laakmann, Silke; Mohrbeck, Inga; Neumann, Hermann; Kihara, Terue C.; Pointner, Karin; Radulovici, Adriana; Segelken-Voigt, Alexandra; Wesse, Christina; Knebelsberger, Thomas
During the last years DNA barcoding has become a popular method of choice for molecular specimen identification. Here we present a comprehensive DNA barcode library of various crustacean taxa found in the North Sea, one of the most extensively studied marine regions of the world. Our data set includes 1,332 barcodes covering 205 species, including taxa of the Amphipoda, Copepoda, Decapoda, Isopoda, Thecostraca, and others. This dataset represents the most extensive DNA barcode library of the Crustacea in terms of species number to date. By using the Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD), unique BINs were identified for 198 (96.6%) of the analyzed species. Six species were characterized by two BINs (2.9%), and three BINs were found for the amphipod species Gammarus salinus Spooner, 1947 (0.4%). Intraspecific distances with values higher than 2.2% were revealed for 13 species (6.3%). Exceptionally high distances of up to 14.87% between two distinct but monophyletic clusters were found for the parasitic copepod Caligus elongatus Nordmann, 1832, supporting the results of previous studies that indicated the existence of an overlooked sea louse species. In contrast to these high distances, haplotype-sharing was observed for two decapod spider crab species, Macropodia parva Van Noort & Adema, 1985 and Macropodia rostrata (Linnaeus, 1761), underlining the need for a taxonomic revision of both species. Summarizing the results, our study confirms the application of DNA barcodes as highly effective identification system for the analyzed marine crustaceans of the North Sea and represents an important milestone for modern biodiversity assessment studies using barcode sequences. PMID:26417993
Pasachoff, Jay M.; Bruck, M. A.
We continue to reduce high-spectral-resolution observations of the solar chromosphere from the Swedish 1-m Solar Telescope (SST) and TRACE; and, at the 29 March 2006 total solar eclipse, of the solar corona in the [Fe XIV] green line and the [Fe X] red line. (a) The SST observations in 2006 used the SOUP Lyot filter to observe H-alpha limb spicules in five positions with 128 milliangstrom resolution for velocity imaging with several cameras to allow restoration of even noisy images. One camera is near H-alpha, providing high S/N images for extracting wavefront information. The other is deliberately defocused for Phase Diversity information. We use Multi-Object Multi-Frame Blind Deconvolution (MOMFBD; momfbd.org), assisted by Michiel Van Noort and Mats Löfdahl (Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences) and the CfA Hinode center. Simultaneous TRACE observations show spicules in emission and, silhouetted against the EUV corona, in absorption. (b) Our Fabry-Perot 2006-eclipse coronal spectra were taken with David Rust's (JHUAPL) 0.16 angstrom Y-cut lithium-niobate filter. With Rust and Matthew Noble, the etalon was stepped across the red coronal line every 0.22 angstrom. We present the profile and Doppler shifts of the [Fe X] line. (c) We collected simultaneous 10 Hz observations in the red and green coronal lines at the 2006 eclipse, with the goal of detecting high-frequency intensity oscillations ( 1 Hz), which can be relevant to coronal heating, and to confirm previous results. We present FFT and wavelet analysis of the aligned data. We thank Bryce Babcock and Steven Souza (Williams) for their eclipse collaboration. We acknowledge grants NNG04GK44G, NNG04GE48G, and NN05GG75G from NASA Planetary Astronomy. The eclipse observations were supported by NSF grant ATM-0552116 from the Solar Terrrestrial Program of the Atmospheres Sciences Division. Additional eclipse support was received from National Geographic's Committee on Research and Exploration and Williams's Rob Spring
Desbois, Guillaume; Urai, Janos L.; de Bresser, J. H. P.
availability of meteoric water and decreased grain size (Qum Kuh, central Iran). Submitted to Journal of Structural Geology.  Ghoussoub J., and Leroy Y.M. (2001), Solid-fluid phase transformation within grain boundaries during compaction by pressure solution, J. Mech. Phys. Solids, 49, 737 2385-2430. 738  Jackson, M.P.A., (1985). Natural strain in diapiric and glacial rock salt, with emphasis on Oakwood dome, East Texas, Bureau of Economic Geology, The University of Texas at Austin, Texas.  Schléder Z. and Urai J.L. (2007). Deformation and recrystallization mechanisms in mylonitic shear zones in naturally deformed extrusive Eocene-Oligocene rock salt from Eyvanekey plateau and Garmsar hills (central Iran). Journal of structural geology, 29, 241-255.  Spiers C.J. and Carter N.L. (1988). Microphysics of rock salt flow in nature. In: M. Aubertin and H.R. Hardy, Editors, The Mechanical Behaviour of Salt: Proceedings of the Fourth Conference Series on Rock and Soil Mechanics, TTP Trans Tech Publications, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, 22: 115-128.  Urai J. L. (1983). Water assisted dynamic recrystallization and weakening in polycrystalline bischofite. Tectonophysics 96 (1-2): 125-157.  Van Noort R., Visser H.J.M., Spiers C.J. (2008) Influence of grain boundary structure on dissolution controlled pressure solution and retarding effects of grain boundary healing. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, B03201.  Visser, H. J. M. (1999). Mass transfer processes in crystalline aggregates containing a fluid phase, Ph. D. thesis, Utrecht University, Utrecht.
Manchester, Manchester, UK The cholesterol-fed rabbit is commonly used to study the effect of hypercholesterolaemia and the associated atherosclerotic lesions. Here we maintained New Zealand White rabbits on a diet containing 2% (w/w) cholesterol (HC diet) for 12 weeks, after which their ascending aortas were excised and subjected to proteomic analysis. Extracts from ten individually obtained ascending aorta samples were labelled with isobaric (iTRAQ) tags and analyzed by LC-MS/MS to profile the proteomic changes in response to the HC diet (n=5) in comparison with non-HC, standard diet (n=5). ProteinPilot was used to search the LC-MS/MS output against the NCBI rabbit protein sequence database, leading to identification of 453 unique proteins. Of these, 74 showed significant differences in relative abundance (p<0.05), with 69 proteins higher and five lower in ascending aorta from HC diet-fed rabbits compared to controls. Many of the observed protein changes are consistent with molecular perturbations within the ascending aorta in response to the HC diet in rabbits, e.g. elevation of apolipoproteins, extracellular matrix adhesion proteins, collagens, glycolytic enzymes, heat shock proteins, proteins involved in immune defence, and proteins regulating the polymeric state of actin. We also made a number of novel observations, including an extreme (16-fold) elevation of a protein previously linked to angiogenesis but not atherosclerosis. Numerous other proteins not previously associated with atherosclerosis were also increased in ascending aorta from HC-fed rabbits. These novel observations merit further investigation as these perturbations may play important and yet undiscovered roles in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. B.3 Post-translational Modification Networks Vera van Noort Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium Protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) allow the cell to regulate protein activity and play a crucial role in the response to changes in