Science.gov

Sample records for 25-2053 special education

  1. Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexander-Frutschi, Marian Crites, Ed.

    As part of an annotated bibliography on human resource development through education and training, this section contains references to literature on adult and fundamental education, literacy education, community development, cooperative education, extension work, rural education, supervisory and management education, and vocational and industrial…

  2. Special Education in Korea.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Byung Ha, Ed.; Yeo, Kwang Eung

    The text on special education in Korea is divided into four major sections--a brief history of special education in Korea, the present status of special education in Korea, the special education plan of the Young Kwang Educational Foundation, and directory of schools and classes for the exceptional in Korea. Topics covered include the following:…

  3. Ethics and Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paul, James; French, Peter; Cranston-Gingras, Ann

    2001-01-01

    Discussion of ethics in special education focuses on four challenges: (1) examination of special education's history within an ethical framework; (2) articulation of character morality as well as choice morality in special education ethical dilemmas; (3) examination of special education in a liberal democracy; and (4) development of an ethical…

  4. Special Education in Nigeria.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abang, Theresa B.

    1992-01-01

    This article discusses the special education system in Nigeria, focusing on integration; training of special educators; medical, health, and welfare services for children with disabilities; recreational facilities; employment opportunities; national planning; and problems and successes. (JDD)

  5. Mentorship of Special Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madigan, Jennifer Booker; Schroth-Cavataio, Georganne

    2012-01-01

    The national shortage and exceptionally high attrition rate of special education teachers are impediments to serving students with special needs. Given that only 64 percent of special education teachers have access to a mentor compared with 86 percent of general education teachers, this book meets an essential need for attracting, retaining, and…

  6. Special Education in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melekoglu, Macid A.; Cakiroglu, Orhan; Malmgren, Kimber W.

    2009-01-01

    Special education has been gaining intense attention from governments and educators throughout the world. As a developing country, and official candidate for the European Union, Turkey has been working on issues related to special education provision and inclusive education to improve the quality of services for citizens with disabilities. This…

  7. Assessing Special Educational Needs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolfendale, Sheila, Ed.

    This essays in this book contain valuable and up-to-date information about current issues and developments in assessing special educational needs. The context of the book is the mainstream setting in the United Kingdom. The aim of these chapters is to consider special needs in inclusive education, consistent with British special needs legislation.…

  8. Special Education Teacher Persistence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thorp, Sally A.

    2013-01-01

    The focus of this study was special education teachers, who remained in the teaching field 5 or more years. Through the use of qualitative mixed-methods study, variables contributing to their longevity were explored. Research indicates that 50% of special education teachers leave the field within five years of employment (Alliance for Education,…

  9. Special Education in Singapore.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lim, Levan; Nam, Sang Seok

    2000-01-01

    This article describes the development and current status of special education in Singapore. Topics include organization of service delivery, integration, teacher training, and achievements. Challenges to improve the quality of special education services through integration opportunities, preservice teacher training, and greater coordination among…

  10. Special Education in China.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Hanlin; Wang, HongBo

    1994-01-01

    This article reviews the history and development of special education in China. The historical review covers antiquity to the 1800s, 1800s to 1900s, 1949 to 1965, and 1966 to 1976. Current special education in China is discussed in terms of laws and regulations and major achievements. Major problems and future prospects are also noted. (Author/DB)

  11. Special Education Resource System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kampert, George J.

    The guide to the Special Education Resource System (SERS) of the Flour Bluff (Texas) school system contains policies and procedures regarding organization, services, and process of the system. Noted is the SERS purpose of providing information and access to appropriate instructional media and materials for special education personnel. Briefly…

  12. Challenges Facing Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyen, Edward L., Ed.; And Others

    This book presents 17 selected papers from recent issues of the journal, "Focus on Exceptional Children," concerning current and emerging challenges facing the field of special education. The book is organized in two parts. Part 1, "Contemporary Challenges," includes the following articles: "Transitions in Early Childhood Special Education: Issues…

  13. Handbook of Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kauffman, James M., Ed.; Hallahan, Daniel P., Ed.

    Intended to serve as a basic reference work for students and professionals in special education, the book contains 34 author contributed chapters concerned with the conceptual foundations of special education, service delivery systems, curriculum and methods, and child and child/environmental management. Chapters have the following titles and…

  14. Special Education in Jordan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abu-Hamour, Bashir; Al-Hmouz, Hanan

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to provide a brief background about special education system in Jordan and particularly describes the present types of programmes and legislation provided within the country to students with special needs, as well as integration movement. Jordan has historically provided a limited number of educational opportunities…

  15. Special Education in Bangladesh.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zaman, Sultana S.; Munir, Shirin Z.

    1992-01-01

    This review of special education in Bangladesh describes the prevalence of major disabilities and government and nongovernment programs for children with various types of disabilities. The paper concludes that most special education is supported by nongovernment organizations and that implementation has been restricted by economic constraints.…

  16. A Very Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Hilda B.

    1973-01-01

    Granite School District, a suburb of Salt Lake City, Utah, has a staff of 349 teachers and other professional personnel who provide career education and job experience for more than 5,000 special children. (DS)

  17. Evaluating Special Education Facilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elkins, John

    1987-01-01

    The paper discusses early research on evaluating services for Australian disabled persons, the Schonell Evaluation Procedure (SEP) developed for use in Activity Therapy Centres (adult continuing education programs), the modification of SEP for use in special schools for children, and emergent and unmet needs for evaluating adult special education…

  18. Spotlight on Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karge, Belinda Dunnick; Lasky, Beth

    2009-01-01

    With the everyday juggling act principals perform, they have a daunting challenge to keep up the latest research in education. At the same time, the literature documents an intensive need for increased professional development of principals in special education (Goar, Schwenn, & Boyer, 1997; Lasky & Karge, 2006; McLaughlin & Nolet, 2004). To…

  19. Handbook of Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kauffman, James M., Ed.; Hallahan, Daniel P., Ed.

    2011-01-01

    Special education is now an established part of public education in the United States--by law and by custom. However, it is still widely misunderstood and continues to be dogged by controversies related to such things as categorization, grouping, assessment, placement, funding, instruction, and a variety of legal issues. The purpose of this…

  20. Special Education: Procedural Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dependents Schools (DOD), Washington, DC.

    The guide is intended to provide information to administrators and regional and local case study committees on special education procedures within Department of Defense Dependents Schools (DoDDS). The manual addresses a step-by step approach from referral to the implementation of individualized education programs (IEP). The following topics are…

  1. Some Speculations about Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hope, Mary

    1982-01-01

    Discusses the possible impact of microelectronics/microtechnology in the special education setting, including availability of hardware and Microelectronics Education Programme involvement in determining the best use of microcomputers with special education students. (Author/JN)

  2. Special Education in Pakistan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sultana, Qaisar

    This paper briefly describes the current status of special education in Pakistan, noting its relatively brief history, the lack of incidence figures, the administrative organization and structure, personnel preparation, the role of nongovernmental organizations, and the recognition of four categories of disability: mental retardation, physical…

  3. Seeking: Special Education Director

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, Jeanne

    2007-01-01

    The author recently left her position as special services director in an urban school district in Vermont, a state that embraces inclusion for students with disabilities, to accept the position of superintendent of schools in the same district. The new job requires overseeing the educational mission of six elementary schools, two middle schools, a…

  4. Films for Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tringo, John L.

    Listed are approximately 500 films in the various areas of special education. The listing has been compiled from film company catalogs, social agency listings, and National Audiovisual Center listings. Information stated is that which was in the source materials (usually name, length, source, and brief description). Films are listed under the…

  5. LOGO and Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michayluk, J. O.; Saklofske, D. H.

    1988-01-01

    The article examines the current status of the LOGO programming language and LOGO research within special education. Efficacy conclusions include LOGO's strengths: (1) as a socializing agent; (2) in maintaining the attention of hyperactive children; (3) in improving academic performance; and (4) in increasing self esteem. (Author/DB)

  6. Promoting Positive Special Education Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conderman, Greg; Pedersen, Theresa

    2005-01-01

    Special education is defined as specialized instruction for students with disabilities. Sometimes, however, legal requirements as well as the day-to-day demands of teaching secondary students with disabilities cloud the real intent of special education. This article acknowledges some poor practices occurring in secondary special education and…

  7. Title III in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    The Title III Quarterly, 1972

    1972-01-01

    The journal on special education programs funded under Title III of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act contains articles on three projects, abstracts of other projects, a picture story on San Diego Schools' outdoor classroom for special education, and a state by state listing of all Title III special education projects. The programs…

  8. Response Essay: Special Education Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGee, Paid

    2000-01-01

    This commentary reflects on findings from previous articles that reviewed trends in special education research in the United States, Norway, Botswana, Ecuador, Australia, and Turkey. It discusses the function, funding, and subject matter of special education research, on research on the education of special education teachers, and on research…

  9. The Problem Is Education Not "Special Education"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fellner, Gene

    2015-01-01

    In his article, "Urban special education policy and the lived experience of stigma in a high school science classroom," Chris Hale persuasively argues that the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and subsequent special education policies have largely failed to serve special education students who are stigmatized by their deficit…

  10. Comparative Studies in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mazurek, Kas, Ed.; Winzer, Margret A., Ed.

    This text presents 26 case studies which examine special education provisions for children in the world today. The reports focus on the current state of special education in selected nations and major issues and controversies in the field of special education within those nations. Each case study addresses the following themes: (1) prevalence of…

  11. Chemistry and Special Education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Riendl, Pamela A.; Haworth, Daniel T.

    1995-11-01

    Secondary and post-secondary science teachers are beginning to see increasing numbers of students with mild disabilities enrolled in their classes. These students can be classified as having one of a variety of mild disabilities that might impact the way they receive and process educational information. As a result of the passage in 1975 of PL 94-142, the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA), disabled students now have the opportunity to receive special education in the public schools and to be placed in regular classrooms whenever possible. Very little information for science teachers is provided in teacher preparation courses or is available in the literature to offer concrete suggestions for teaching science to these students. This paper describes the political gains made in education for the disabled, identifies various types of mild disabilities, and suggests possible teaching interventions for the chemistry teacher who has a student with a mild disability.

  12. Special Education Administration Training Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watherman, Richard F.; Hollingsworth, Sue Ann

    Presented are course materials from a competency based education program in special education administration. It is explained that the Special Education Administration Training Program (SEATP) is designed for continuing education of administrators. Materials are divided into three self contained curriculum areas: fiscal management, personnel…

  13. Are Pupils in Special Education Too "Special" for Regular Education?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pijl, Ysbrand J.; Pijl, Sip J.

    1998-01-01

    In the Netherlands special needs pupils are often referred to separate schools for the Educable Mentally Retarded (EMR) or the Learning Disabled (LD). There is an ongoing debate on how to reduce the growing numbers of special education placements. One of the main issues in this debate concerns the size of the difference in cognitive abilities between pupils in regular education and those eligible for LD or EMR education. In this study meta-analysis techniques were used to synthesize the findings from 31 studies on differences between pupils in regular primary education and those in special education in the Netherlands. Studies were grouped into three categories according to the type of measurements used: achievement, general intelligence and neuropsychological tests. It was found that pupils in regular education and those in special education differ in achievement and general intelligence. Pupils in schools for the educable mentally retarded in particular perform at a much lower level than is common in regular Dutch primary education.

  14. Special Education and Student Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brazeau, Karen; And Others

    This report examines the current status and plans for special education, student services, and special projects and studies in Oregon. The first section offers an overview of special education long-range planning in secondary and transition programs, the student population with severe emotional disturbance, low incidence populations, families, the…

  15. Manual for Special Education Nurses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schnetter, Vicki A., Ed.

    This manual aims (1) to provide a standard, well-referenced resource for Iowa special education nurses and (2) to provide direction and continuity for health services to pupils with special needs. The first chapter provides an overview of the special education nurse's role, including philosophy, definitions of assignments, levels of service, and…

  16. Ohio Special Education Profile, 2011

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio Coalition for the Education of Children with Disabilities, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This report provides a brief, but substantive, profile of the special needs student population in Ohio, including academic performance and graduation trends and an overview of special education funding and related policy issues. The report's central message is that investments in students with special educational needs produce substantial results…

  17. Replication Research and Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Travers, Jason C.; Cook, Bryan G.; Therrien, William J.; Coyne, Michael D.

    2016-01-01

    Replicating previously reported empirical research is a necessary aspect of an evidence-based field of special education, but little formal investigation into the prevalence of replication research in the special education research literature has been conducted. Various factors may explain the lack of attention to replication of special education…

  18. Web Resources for Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singh, Delar K.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to provide brief descriptions and links to a number of reputed websites on various topics and issues of special education. The web sites are organized in the following categories: (1) Teaching in Inclusive Classroom, (2) Policies, Procedures, & Process of Special education, (3) Students with High Incidence…

  19. REVIEW OF SPECIAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    PETERSON, M.F.

    SPECIAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS FOR EACH TYPE OF HANDICAPPED CHILD ARE DESCRIBED IN TERMS OF ORGANIZATION, ADMISSION CRITERIA, CLASS SIZE, EQUIPMENT, TEACHER QUALIFICATIONS, AND STATE PARTICIPATION. ADDITIONAL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL, THEIR QUALIFICATIONS, AND THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES ARE LISTED. ALSO INCLUDED ARE SECTIONS OF THE NORTH DAKOTA CENTURY…

  20. Driving Change in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gallagher, James J.

    2006-01-01

    How has special education policy evolved over the years, and where should it go in the near future? One of the best known and most respected leaders in special education policy, Jim Gallagher, takes a candid and critical look at these questions in this informative book. Students, administrators, and policymakers will fully understand how four…

  1. Shifting Trends in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scull, Janie; Winkler, Amber M.

    2011-01-01

    This report examines trends in the number of special-education students and personnel at both the national and state levels from 2000-01 to 2009-10. It finds that the overall population of special-education students, after decades of increases, peaked in the 2004-05 school year and has declined since. But within this population, individual…

  2. The Privatization of Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKinney, Judith A.

    2011-01-01

    This study, The Privatization of Special Education, addresses a shift in the provision of special education and related services to students with disabilities in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Students with disabilities are being publicly placed in private day and residential schools at public expense. In Virginia, 125 private schools are licensed…

  3. Racial Inequity in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Losen, Daniel J., Ed.; Orfield, Gary, Ed.

    This collection of papers discusses issues related to the overidentification of minority students in special education. After a "Foreword" (Senator James M. Jeffords) and an introduction, "Racial Inequality in Special Education" (Daniel J. Losen and Gary Orfield), 11 chapters include: (1) "Community and School Predictors…

  4. Special Education, Inclusion and Democracy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nilholm, Claes

    2006-01-01

    Initially, it is pointed out that adherents of a psycho-medical perspective often suggest exclusive solutions to special educational dilemmas and that such theorizing has been heavily attacked in past decades. However, it is argued that opposition of the psycho-medical understanding of special education runs the risk of blurring differences…

  5. Are Special Education Students Happy?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Uusitalo-Malmivaara, Lotta; Kankaanpaa, Paula; Makinen, Tuula; Raeluoto, Tiina; Rauttu, Karoliina; Tarhala, Veera; Lehto, Juhani E.

    2012-01-01

    This study compared the subjective and school-related happiness of 75 11- to 16-year-old special education students to 77 age- and gender-matched mainstream students using two quantitative measures. Additionally, the respondents chose from a list of 12 putative happy makers what they felt increased their happiness. Ten special education students…

  6. Demystifying Special Education in Virtual Charter Schools. Special Report. Primers on Special Education in Charter Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rhim, Lauren Morando; Kowal, Julie

    2008-01-01

    This special report is a supplement to a series of special education primers created to inform state officials, authorizers and charter school operators about special education in the charter sector. The primer series also provides tools to help these stakeholders build charter school capacity to provide special education and related services. In…

  7. The problem is education not ``special education''

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fellner, Gene

    2015-12-01

    In his article, Urban special education policy and the lived experience of stigma in a high school science classroom, Chris Hale persuasively argues that the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and subsequent special education policies have largely failed to serve special education students who are stigmatized by their deficit classification. Though classified students may be doubly stigmatized, research suggests that students of color who live in economically stressed communities are also subject to systemic educational policies that produce stigma; special education should be understood within the larger context of educational policy in the inner city. Though we cannot immediately dismantle the macro level structures that nurture stigma, I suggest pedagogies based on facilitating phenomenological awareness enacted through individual-collectively based methodologies to challenge the stigma that classified as well as non-classified students in the inner city often carry with them.

  8. Special Education Research Advances Knowledge in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vaughn, Sharon; Swanson, Elizabeth A.

    2015-01-01

    Research in special education has yielded beneficial outcomes for students with disabilities as well as typical achieving students. The authors provide examples of the valuable knowledge special education research has generated, including the elements of response to intervention (e.g., screening and progress monitoring), instructional practices…

  9. Special Education in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eres, Figen

    2010-01-01

    The quality and the prevalence of education are the major indicators of the development of a society. It is a kind of human right to every person living in the society to be educated in a sufficient way. The education of the disabled people, a social reality in Turkey, is not sufficiently carried out. This paper aims at the education of the…

  10. Special Higher Education Bibliography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weinberg, Meyer

    1982-01-01

    Cites works relevant to the higher education of Blacks and minority group members. Lists references alphabetically under the following headings: (1) financial aid on the campus; (2) Chicanos in higher education; and (3) race and equality on California campuses. (GC)

  11. Rural Special Education: A Dilemma

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heller, Harold W.

    1975-01-01

    This article lists and discusses five problems in rural special education: a) low population density, b) financial constraints resulting from lower tax bases, c) rural flight, d) inability to recruit and retain quality personnel, and e) lack of future. (HMD)

  12. Cooperative Programs in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lord, F.E., Ed.; Isenberg, Robert M., Ed.

    Representative approaches used in programs in special education in the United States are presented. An overview is given of the types, definitions, numbers, and prevailing practices for serving exceptional children in the public schools; various approaches to developing area programs (contracting for service, organizing a special district, and…

  13. Safety Manual for Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Special Education.

    Designed for administrators, teachers, and parents of special students, the guide focuses on school safety plans in special education classrooms. A summary of a task force's recommendations on school safety is presented, followed by a list of regulations concerning security in the school and safety plans. Three typical sample school safety plans…

  14. Dance and Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Munsell, Sonya E.; Bryant Davis, Kimberly E.

    2015-01-01

    Arts activities have been included in the educational curriculum of public schools for a number of years. Most often, course offerings in the arts consist of visual art, vocal music, and instrumental music classes. Although not as common, dance has also been included in the educational curriculum. Research and anecdotal evidence suggest that…

  15. Reforming Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fishkin, Anne S.; Sullivan, Michael

    This paper describes education reform as an integrated effort to modify not only the structure and elements of the education system but also the culture or belief structure of that system. Central to any discussion of school reform are the elements of restructuring, empowerment, and change. Current reform efforts in restructuring revolve around a…

  16. Addressing the Special Education Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amprey, Walter G.

    2005-01-01

    In the author's past work as a superintendent, and in his current capacity as an educational consultant, he has seen hundreds of dollars (per special education student) wasted in unnecessary costs and lost funding opportunities resulting from out-of-date, ineffective management systems. In addition to the fiscal implications, this imposes…

  17. Early Childhood Special Music Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darrow, Alice-Ann

    2011-01-01

    The process of early intervention is a critical component of Early Childhood Special Music Education. Early intervention is the process of providing services, education, and support to young children who have disabilities or to children who are at-risk of developing needs that may affect their physical, cognitive, or emotional development. The…

  18. Preparing Preservice Secondary Special Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conderman, Greg; Johnston-Rodriguez, Sarah; Hartman, Paula; Kemp, Drew

    2013-01-01

    Through a mixed-methods study, teacher education faculty members investigated the implementation of a new block of courses and an associated secondary clinical experience designed to prepare preservice secondary special educators. Seventy-three preservice candidates (a) completed then-and-now surveys assessing their confidence implementing 25…

  19. Cybernetics and Education (Special Issue)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kopstein, Felix F., Ed.

    1977-01-01

    This is a special issue examining the potential of cybernetics in educational technology. Articles discuss: cybernetic methods, algorithms, feedback learning theory, a structural approach to behavioral objectives and criterion-referenced testing, task specifications and diagnosis, teacher-child interaction, educational development, teaching…

  20. Neuroscience, Education and Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goswami, Usha

    2004-01-01

    The discipline of neuroscience draws from the fields of neurology, psychology, physiology and biology, but is best understood in the wider world as brain science. Of particular interest for education is the development of techniques for imaging the brain as it performs different cognitive functions. Cognitive neuroimaging has already led to…

  1. Selected Websites for International Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cutolo, Frank J.

    2001-01-01

    This article describes 13 Internet sites of interest relating to the field of special education with a global perspective. These Web sites address language translation, special needs resources, special education resources in Spanish, Canadian special education resources, inclusive education in Europe, accessibility, and general education…

  2. 34 CFR 300.39 - Special education.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Special education. 300.39 Section 300.39 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN...

  3. 34 CFR 300.39 - Special education.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Special education. 300.39 Section 300.39 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES General Definitions Used in...

  4. 34 CFR 300.39 - Special education.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Special education. 300.39 Section 300.39 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES General Definitions Used in...

  5. 34 CFR 300.39 - Special education.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2011-07-01 2010-07-01 true Special education. 300.39 Section 300.39 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES General Definitions Used in...

  6. 34 CFR 300.39 - Special education.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Special education. 300.39 Section 300.39 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES General Definitions Used in...

  7. New Directions in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Reginald L., Ed.

    The text presents a collection of articles dealing with new research and developments relevant to special education. Discussions include automation, teaching machines, programed instruction, psycholinguistic testing, differential diagnosis, language development and testing, and remediation techniques. Other topics consider measurement of behavior,…

  8. Managing Special and Inclusive Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rayner, Steve G.

    2007-01-01

    This book is a guide to special and inclusive education and provides a comprehensive overview of this complex field. Author Stephen Rayner examines context, policy, and practice, and shows how to successfully navigate the managerial challenges involved, while contributing to the way forward through leadership in a diverse field. The author…

  9. Legal Issues in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Stephen B.

    Handicapped students are now protected by specific statutes in addition to the broad constitutional protection offered all students. As the number of related statutes, regulations, and case law decisions grew, assimilation became increasingly difficult. This publication attempts to meet educators' need for a succinct guide in special education…

  10. Operant Conditioning for Special Educators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pedrini, Bonnie C.; Pedrini, D. T.

    The paper briefly explains operant conditioning as it pertains to special educators. Operant conditioning is thought to be an efficient method for modifying student behavior. Using the B. F. Skinner frame of reference, operant conditioning is said to include behavior modification and therapy, programed instruction, and computer assisted and…

  11. Special Education Tracks of Inequality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartz, Louis

    The paper examines the continuing overrepresentation of minorities in special education programs for the mildly handicapped and their underrepresentation in programs for the gifted and talented. Alternative policy strategies are presented for advocates and decision makers concerned with reducing the increasing racial and ethnic disparities in…

  12. Special Education Student Teaching Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conderman, Greg; Morin, Joe; Stephens, J. Todd

    2005-01-01

    This article presents findings of our nationwide study of undergraduate special education student teaching practices. The authors were especially interested in grading systems, assignments, supervision practices, and unique challenges. Results indicated variability in grading systems, use of traditional assignments such as lesson plans, use of…

  13. Alternative Futures in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gallagher, James J., Ed.; Weiner, Bluma B., Ed.

    Twelve author-contributed papers from a 1984 conference examine the future of special education. The following titles and authors are represented: "The Institute for Research on Exceptional Children at the University of Illinois" (S. Kirk and W. Spalding); "The Family with a Child Who Is Handicapped: Research Focus for the 1980's" (J. Gallagher);…

  14. CEC Special Education Advocacy Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bootel, Jaclyn A.

    This handbook, for individuals working with people who have disabilities, is designed to empower them to be a force for meeting the policy challenges in the communities in which they live and work. It is designed to help in channeling one's strength, commitment, and knowledge of the special education field into effective advocacy efforts. The…

  15. Doctors, ethics and special education.

    PubMed Central

    Alderson, P; Goodey, C

    1998-01-01

    This discussion paper is drawn from a qualitative research project comparing the effect of special and ordinary schools on the lives of children, young people and their families. Special schools are recommended by health professionals who seldom know how ineffective these schools are. We question the beneficence and justice of health professionals' advice on education for children with disabilities and other difficulties. Cooperation with local education authorities (LEAs) plays a considerable part in the work of community paediatricians, clinical medical officers, therapists and other health professionals encountering children with "special needs". The "needs" range from physical disability and sensory impairment to learning difficulties and emotional or behavioural difficulties. This cooperation involves routine administrative problems, but it raises broad ethical issues too, particularly in respect of current tendencies in state schooling towards the integration or inclusion of these children in mainstream schools and classes. PMID:9549683

  16. Standards for Special Education, Amended June 2004

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Online Submission, 2004

    2004-01-01

    Standards for Special Education, amended June 2004 requires school boards in Alberta to identify and deliver effective programming for students with special education needs in grades 1-12. It promotes consistent and enhanced quality of educational practice within the province, so that irrespective of location, students with special education needs…

  17. Reducing the Special Education Teacher Shortage

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thornton, Bill; Peltier, Gary; Medina, Ricky

    2007-01-01

    New demands and high attrition levels of special education teachers have created a crisis for education and extensive additional stress for special education directors and principals. The critical shortage of highly qualified special education teachers has significantly increased the pressure to hire and retain them. This article discusses factors…

  18. Primer on Special Education in Charter Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luna, Tom

    2007-01-01

    This section of the Idaho Primer on Special Education in Charter Schools is divided into two parts: (1) a discussion of the legal status of charter schools and their linkage to other local education agencies (LEAs), and (2) a synopsis of federal laws that are most relevant to special education in charter schools. The Primer on Special Education in…

  19. Special Education Considerations in Student Discipline Procedures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michigan State Dept. of Education, Lansing. Office of Special Education and Early Intervention Services.

    This policy statement from the Michigan Department of Education interprets federal provisions and the laws of the state as they may pertain to children receiving special education services. It describes disciplinary procedures for students already receiving special education services, students not yet eligible for special education, students…

  20. Music in Special Education [with DVD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adamek, Mary; Darrow, Alice-Ann

    2005-01-01

    This book explains essential features of special education that are important for interdisciplinary communication and effective teaching. Part I introduces the reader to historical and instructional foundations of music in special education. Major topics and developments in the field of special education, important terminology, and curricular…

  1. Special Education in Mexico: One Community's Response.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shepherd, Terry L.; Contreras, Diana; Brown, Randel

    2002-01-01

    This article looks at the history of special education in Mexico, discusses the emergence of special education programs, and examines a school for special education in Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas. The school provides vocational training for students with a variety of disabilities and has a partnership with the local maquiladora industry. (Contains 5…

  2. Bridging Transition for Beginning Special Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wall-Marencik, Wendy

    2012-01-01

    This mixed-method study provides an analysis of student teachers' transition from a dual licensed special and general education program into beginning special education teaching. This two-wave investigation highlights developmental stages during student teaching, differences in experiences between special and general education student teaching…

  3. Rethinking Special Education for a New Century.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finn, Chester E., Jr., Ed.; Rotherham, Andrew J., Ed.; Hokanson, Charles R., Jr., Ed.

    This book scrutinizes the education now being received by 6 million U.S. children with disabilities. It identifies the problems that currently beset special education, analyzes their causes, and suggests solutions. Chapters include: (1) "The Evolution of the Federal Role" (Tyce Palmaffy); (2) "Time To Make Special Education 'Special' Again" (Wade…

  4. Perspective: Bridging the Special Education Divide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andrews, Jack E.; Carnine, Douglas W.; Coutinho, Martha J.; Edgar, Eugene B.; Forness, Steven R.; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Jordan, Dixie; Kauffman, James M.; Patton, James M.; Paul, James; Rosell, Jon; Rueda, Robert; Schiller, Ellen; Skrtic, Thomas M.; Wong, James

    2000-01-01

    This article explores different viewpoints on special education reform, including conceptualizations of disability, the purpose of special education, beliefs about the expected outcomes of special education, and understanding of the current state of knowledge. How these different views can be bridged by focusing on early detection and prevention…

  5. Use of Technology by Special Education Administrators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christmas, Oren L.

    This paper describes a study by Project ACCESS (Addressing Computer Concerns of Educators of Special Students) in Michigan to ascertain the existing level of knowledge and use of technology in special education. Analysis of questionnaires returned by 346 directors or supervisors of special education indicated the following findings: the majority…

  6. The Special Educator in the Information Age.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hofmeister, Alan M.

    The author cites the arrival of the information age and considers its implications for special education. He suggests that special educators must build their information management skills. Four specific applications of microcomputers in special education are addressed: tool applications (in which students use microcomputer technology as personal…

  7. Mixed Method Research in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McWilliam, R. A.

    This paper addresses the conditions under which quantitative and qualitative research methods could be combined in special education. The paper asserts that qualitative designs have not had a significant effect on special education research and speculates that mixed-method research might be more acceptable to special education researchers or…

  8. Special Education Teacher Burnout and ACT

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emery, Debra W.; Vandenberg, Brian

    2010-01-01

    Special educators are a high risk group, prone to low job satisfaction, low self-efficacy, and increased stress and burnout. The attrition rate of special educators is particularly high, contributing to an overall shortage of qualified teachers throughout the United States. While the problems of special educators are widely discussed in the…

  9. What's "Special" about Special Education? A Field under Siege.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuchs, Douglas; Fuchs, Lynn S.

    Special education is under fire from full inclusionists who advocate for children with severe mental retardation and who contend that special education settings are immoral dumping grounds for children deemed "unteachable." Other advocates of inclusion focus on the invalidity of disability categories, tests, and instructional services which, in…

  10. Special Education 2000 Policy: Our Leaky Home?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coleman, Peter

    2011-01-01

    The Ministry of Education's special education policy (commonly referred to as SE2000) has been progressively implemented since 1996. Although it is a funding rather than a professional-practice policy, it has had some negative and unintended consequences for the practice of educational psychology, for special education and it is suggested, for…

  11. Using Special Education to Destroy Black Boys.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grant, Patrick

    1992-01-01

    Asks whether special education is designed to keep African-American boys out of the mainstream of education and also looks at questions of a passive conspiracy to destroy African-American males and the role of racism. Discusses special education legislation, and argues that African-American boys are not being adequately educated. (JB)

  12. The Pedagogic Signature of Special Needs Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiß, Sabine; Kollmannsberger, Markus; Lerche, Thomas; Oubaid, Viktor; Kiel, Ewald

    2014-01-01

    The goal of the following study is to identify a pedagogic signature, according to LS Shulman, for working with students who have special educational needs. Special educational needs are defined as significant limitations in personal development and learning which require particular educational measures beyond regular education. The development of…

  13. California Master Plan for Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

    Reported is California's master plan for providing a quality educational program to all of the state's handicapped children. Topics covered include a definition of special education, interaction between special education and general education, and a look at California's programs including new directions and current weaknesses. Presented are a…

  14. 76 FR 11765 - Education Research and Special Education Research Grant Programs; Institute of Education Sciences...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-03

    ... Education Research and Special Education Research Grant Programs; Institute of Education Sciences; Overview... in the Education Sciences. Research on Statistical and Research Methodology in Education. Under the... of Education Sciences: FY 2012 Grant Competitions To Support Education Research and Special...

  15. Considering Special Education Adequacy in California

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harr, Jenifer J.; Parrish, Tom; Chambers, Jay; Levin, Jesse; Segarra, Maria

    2006-01-01

    The ways in which the needs of special populations--students in poverty, English learners, and particularly special education students--have been addressed in studies measuring educational adequacy vary widely. This paper analyzes how these populations have been treated across various adequacy studies, with its major focus on special education…

  16. Special Education in Malaysia: A Critique.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tee Tee, Chua

    1986-01-01

    Special education in Malaysia now involves 4,220 handicapped children in four categories: visually handicapped, hearing impaired, mentally retarded, and physically handicapped. Needs such as more special education teachers, early diagnosis, modified curricula, special equipment, and parent counseling are discussed. (Author/DB)

  17. Principals' and Special Education Teachers' Perceptions of Special Education Teachers' Roles and Responsibilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mott, Japhia

    2013-01-01

    This explanatory mixed methods study focuses on the perceptions of principals and special education teachers about special education teachers' roles and responsibilities. An online survey was conducted with 11 principals and 41 special education teachers (Resource Specialists and Special Day Class teachers). Independent semi-structured interviews…

  18. Japanese Special Education Today: Issues and Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Narita, Shigeru

    This paper presents a summary discussion of the current status of special education in Japan, its recent history, and issues and trends. Noted is establishment of the current educational system (and special education system) as part of post-war American occupation. The following issues are discussed: centralization and teacher autonomy; compulsory…

  19. An Organizational Analysis of Special Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skrtic, Thomas M.

    The paper identifies current special education practice and the current organization of schools as instrumental in actually creating the category of mildly handicapped students. A dichotomy between departments of special education and educational administration is noted. Only replacement of the system with an entirely different configuration and…

  20. Special Education Teacher Candidate Assessment: A Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCall, Zach; McHatton, Patricia Alvarez; Shealey, Monika Williams

    2014-01-01

    Teacher preparation has been under intense scrutiny in recent years. In order for preparation of special education teacher candidates to remain viable, candidate assessment practices must apply practices identified in the extant literature base, while special education teacher education researchers must extend this base with rigorous efforts to…

  1. Preparing Urban Special Education Leaders: What Works

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Suzanne M.; Little, Joyce; Miller, Katie; Gourwitz, Jillian

    2014-01-01

    Special education administrators play a critical role in the implementation of successful inclusion in diverse, standards-based environments. They provide the vision and leadership necessary to guide educators in both general and special education as they deliver instructional programs to meet the needs of diverse students with disabilities.…

  2. Issues in Special Education & Rehabilitation, 1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vergason, Glenn A., Ed.; Hutzler, Yeshayahu, Ed.

    1993-01-01

    This interdisciplinary scientific journal emphasizes the linkage between special education and rehabilitation services. Selected papers from the first two issues include: "The Impact of Current Issues in Teacher Education on the Preparation of Special Educators" (Patricia Edelen-Smith and others); "Training Teachers and Parents To Work…

  3. Advances in Special Education Volume 11, Issues, Practices and Concerns in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rotatori, Anthony F., Ed.; Schwenn, John O., Ed.; Burkhardt, Sandra, Ed.

    This volume presents 14 papers which address current issues and practices in special education. The papers are: (1) "National Educational Reform: General and Special Education" (Joyce Fiddler and Freddie W. Litton); (2) "Linguistically Appropriate Special Education" (Herbert Grossman); (3) "Portfolio Assessment: An Individualized Approach for…

  4. Position on Response to Intervention (RTI): The Unique Role of Special Education and Special Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Division on Developmental Disabilities, Council for Exceptional Children (NJ1), 2007

    2007-01-01

    The Council for Exceptional Children (CEC) recognizes the impact that Response to Intervention (RTI) can have on the education of all children, roles of special educators, as well as on the special education system. Special educators play an integral role and have a strong and clear identity in the RTI process. As such, this brief presents CEC's…

  5. Inclusive Education for Learners with Special Educational Needs in Botswana: Voices of Special Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mukhopadhyay, Sourav

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe the roles and responsibilities of the special education teachers, and challenges they encounter in supporting the inclusion of learners with special educational needs (SEN) in regular primary schools of the south central regions of Botswana. Thirty-eight Senior Teacher Advisors Learning Disabilities…

  6. Defining the Infancy Specialization in Early Childhood Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thorp, Eva K.; McCollum, Jeanette A.

    Part of a volume which explores current issues in service delivery to infants and toddlers with handicapping conditions (ages birth to 3), this chapter treats the subject of competencies needed by the early childhood special educator specializing in infancy. First, the following context variables are discussed as they relate to definitions of…

  7. What Unites Us All: Establishing Special Education Teacher Education Universals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darling, Sharon M.; Dukes, Charles; Hall, Kalynn

    2016-01-01

    The theoretical base that supports human universals served as a model for proposing special education teacher education universals. The human universals model is explained and put forth as a basis for identifying special education teacher education universals. Twenty-four English language journals from different countries representing four…

  8. Job Design for Special Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Major, Amanda E.

    2012-01-01

    Special education teachers, especially those that teach students with behavioral/emotional challenges, have high attrition rates stemming from stress, job dissatisfaction, and low motivation. The external factors in the school setting and job contribute to special education teachers' attrition and disengagement. A relationship between motivation…

  9. Disproportionality in Special Needs Education in England

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dyson, Alan; Gallannaugh, Frances

    2008-01-01

    Unlike the United States, England does not have a special education system based on the identification of students as having disabilities of one or another type. Instead, the English system enables help to be provided to students on the basis of assessments of their individual "special educational needs." The authors consider the implications of…

  10. Special Education in Arab Countries: Current Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hadidi, Muna S.; Al Khateeb, Jamal M.

    2015-01-01

    Arab countries have undertaken various measures to develop special education programmes and services over the last three decades; nevertheless, major challenges remain regarding the expansion of these programmes and services and improving their quality. "This article provides an update on disability and special education in Arab…

  11. What Special Education Directors Say about RTI

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Werts, Margaret Gessler; Lambert, Monica; Carpenter, Ellen

    2009-01-01

    An e-mail survey of special education directors was conducted to ascertain practices related to implementation of Response to Intervention (RTI) processes in North Carolina schools. The data indicate that special education directors have information about RTI as a method of identifying students with disabilities, but there is little consensus on…

  12. Special Education Faculty Needs Assessment Study Implications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, D.D.; Tyler, N.; Montrosse, B.E.; Young, C.; Robb, S.M.

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the highlights of the Special Education Faculty Needs Assessment Study (SEFNA). Actions taken after the release of The 2001 Faculty Shortage Study demonstrate that supply-and-demand imbalances can be improved. The projected shortage of special education faculty will directly and negatively affect students with disabilities and…

  13. Special Education Programs Within the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Morris Val, Ed.

    Twenty-two special education programs in the United States are described. Diagnostic centers and special schools discussed are the Institute for Childhood Aphasia, California programs for orthopedically handicapped children, the experimental education unit of the University of Washington Mental Retardation and Child Development Center, the Phoebe…

  14. Thesaurus for Special Education Instructional Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dailey, Rebecca; And Others

    The thesaurus is intended as a preliminary standardization and clarification of terms used to index special education instructional materials throughout the Special Education Instructional Materials Centers/Regional Media Centers (IMC/RMC) Network. The majority of entries are approved descriptors appearing in the selected standard, the Thesaurus…

  15. Distinguishing Disability: Parents, Privilege, and Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ong-Dean, Colin

    2009-01-01

    Students in special education programs can have widely divergent experiences. For some, special education amounts to a dumping ground where schools unload their problem students, while for others, it provides access to services and accommodations that drastically improve chances of succeeding in school and beyond. "Distinguishing Disability"…

  16. Leadership in Early Childhood Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arora, Samita Berry

    2013-01-01

    With the demands of high quality early childhood special education programs within public school settings, there is a need to place emphasis on research and training regarding early childhood leaders and managers in this complex and diverse field. The focus of this research is to examine what early childhood special education (ECSE) leadership…

  17. Hiring an Effective Special Education Teacher

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fenlon, Amanda

    2008-01-01

    The task of hiring special education teachers may seem daunting because they serve in what is undeniably the most complex of teaching roles. This article provides guidance and suggestions for identifying key competencies that a viable special education teacher candidate should possess. Although many building leaders may still subscribe to gut…

  18. Demography As It Affects Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yates, James R.

    The paper, originally given at a 1986 Ethnic and Multicultural Symposium, looks at special education and the changing society in terms of ethnicity, age, socioeconomic status, birth rate, and school completion. Current and emerging demographic characteristics are related to special education policy, organization, training, research, and…

  19. Science and Sanity in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dammann, James E.; Vaughn, Sharon

    2001-01-01

    This article describes the usefulness of a scientific approach to improving knowledge and practice in special education. Of four approaches to knowledge (superstition, folklore, craft, and science), craft and science are supported and implications for special education drawn including the need to bridge the gulf between research knowledge and…

  20. Female Special Education Directors: Doubly Marginalized.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keefe, Charlotte Hendrick; Parmley, Pamela

    2003-01-01

    A qualitative study of five Texas female special education directors found that although participants achieved an administrative position, they were marginalized due to their leadership style, gender discrimination, and socialization. Participants also indicated a negative connection between being in special education administration and top-level…

  1. Current and Emerging Forces Impacting Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yates, James R.

    Using the methodology of force field analysis, the paper develops possible futures for special education based on current trends. Demographic forces impacting special education include age changes, ethnicity changes, the needs of emerging language minorities, specific change in the youth population, environmental factors and the incidence of…

  2. The Transcultural Child in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feldman, David

    The transcultural population of most open-border economically developed nations has exhibited significant growth over the last 40 years, and numbers of transcultural persons in special education have grown proportionately. The transcultural person in special education presents certain characteristics, problems, or disorders that have not been…

  3. Competencies and Needs of Rural Special Educators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blasi, Joyce F.

    Rural special educators play a very complex role in the provision of services to exceptional learners. Population sparsity and distance factors more or less mandate that most rural special education programs must be cross-categorical, multi-age programs. These same factors, and the fact that support specialists in related areas are nonexistent or…

  4. Risk Communication in Rural Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bull, Kay Sather; Kimball, Sarah

    1997-01-01

    Risk communication is a methodology recommended for rural special education professionals who communicate with parents and teachers. Using rural special education examples, the steps of risk-based decision making are described: hazard identification, hazard assessment, risk assessment, risk management, risk analysis, and risk communication.…

  5. A Mediation Strategy for Special Education Disputes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mills, Guy E.; Duff-Mallams, Karla

    1999-01-01

    This article discusses the development of mediation as an alternative to litigation in resolving special education disputes. It describes the successes and challenges associated with special education mediation cases in Missouri prior to the 1997 IDEA amendments, which require such intervention, with an examination of four specific cases.…

  6. Special Education in South Korea: Daegu University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Byung Ha; Rhee, Kun Yong; Burns, Carol; Lerner, Janet W.

    2009-01-01

    Daegu University has enjoyed a long and remarkable history of special education. Daegu University is large University located in Daegu, South Korea, a large city in South Korea that is south of Seoul. Since the 1970's, South Korea has achieved unusual and comprehensive growth in its economy, and the field of special education continued to thrive…

  7. Friends of Special Education: Training Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cadavid, Victoria; And Others

    This manual is intended to train parents of handicapped children to assist other parents in accessing the special education resources available in the Chicago (Illinois) Public Schools. The training program's purposes include: to increase parents' understanding of special education services, to train parents to work as collaborators with school…

  8. Fluent Reading in Special Primary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houtveen, Anthonia A. M.; van de Grift, Wim J. C. M.; Brokamp, Saskia K.

    2014-01-01

    The learning gains in reading of students in 57 classrooms in special primary education doubled as a result of implementing the Reading Impulse in Special Education (RISE) programme. Raising the scheduled reading time with 1.5 hr in all classrooms and implementing standards-based teaching characterised by "monitoring of pupil progress",…

  9. Selected Topics in International Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Nancy

    2002-01-01

    This article provides information on special education topics on the international front. Information is presented on projects that evaluated early intervention programs, a life-centered career education program in the Philippines, a Peruvian vocational program for individuals with severe disabilities, and special classes for children with…

  10. Teaching the Bilingual Special Education Student.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carrasquillo, Angela, Ed.; Baecher, Richard E., Ed.

    This collection of 11 essays on bilingual special education addresses both theoretical and practical issues. The essays are: "Bilingual Special Education: The Important Connection" (Angela L. Carrasquillo); "Using Language Assessment Data for Language and Instructional Planning for Exceptional Bilingual Students" (Alba A. Ortiz, Shernaz B.…

  11. Special Education: Program Evaluation, 1993-94.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jeschke, Thomas A.

    This report evaluates the special education instructional programs of the Des Moines (Iowa) Public Schools. It begins with a school district mission statement and special education mission statement. The report examines Des Moines' history of serving students with disabilities, its policies and regulations, enrollment by disability, and types of…

  12. Systemic Inequities in Special Education Financing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conlin, Michael; Jalilevand, Meg

    2015-01-01

    Since the implementation of IDEA in 1975, as spending on education has continued to grow, a large portion of that spending has been dedicated to students with special needs. This study uses a panel dataset of local and intermediate school districts to examine the complex special education funding and delivery scheme in the State of Michigan. Using…

  13. Professional Standards for Australian Special Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dempsey, Ian; Dally, Kerry

    2014-01-01

    Although professional standards for Australian teachers were developed several years ago, this country is yet to develop such standards for special education teachers. The lack of standards for the special education profession is associated with the absence of a consistent process of accreditation in Australia and a lack of clarity in the pathways…

  14. The Special Educator and Job Stress.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dedrick, Charles V. L.; Raschke, Donna B.

    This monograph examines stressors encountered by special educators, ways of coping with professional demands, and reasons why some teachers handle job stress better than others. It is intended to help special education teachers take a more objective look at what they do and identify strategies and techniques to alleviate some job-related stress…

  15. Auditory Learning Materials for Special Education: Catalog.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Marsha C.; O'Connor, Phyllis

    The catalog (developed by the Great Lakes Region Special Education Instructional Materials Center) provides information on more than 100 auditory learning materials for use in special education. Described in the first section of the catalog are procedures used to evaluate and classify auditory instructional materials, including a list of…

  16. Inclusive Special Education: Development of a New Theory for the Education of Children with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hornby, Garry

    2015-01-01

    Inclusive education and special education are based on different philosophies and provide alternative views of education for children with special educational needs and disabilities. They are increasingly regarded as diametrically opposed in their approaches. This article presents a theory of "inclusive special education" that comprises…

  17. Special Needs in Education (E241): Psychology and Special Education, Unit 12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swann, Will

    One of a series of booklets designed for use in an Open University Course on the education of handicapped students in Great Britain, the booklet examines the application of psychology to special education. Origins of educational psychology are traced, as are the beginnings of psychology's relationship with special education. The author asserts…

  18. Bilingual Special Education Personnel Preparation: An Integrated Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valero-Figueria, Eda

    1986-01-01

    The teacher training program in bilingual special education at George Mason University (Virginia) trains bilingual special education teachers alongside their regular and special education couterparts. The program produces special education teachers conversant in bilingual issues and bilingual special educators specifically skilled in second…

  19. Special Issue: Philosophy of Design, Design Education and Educational Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buchanan, Richard; Borgmann, Albert; Mitcham, Carl; Waks, Leonard J.; Huyke, Hector J.; Kellner, Douglas; Feenberg, Andrew

    2001-01-01

    Articles include: "Philosophy of Design, Design Education, and Educational Design: Introduction to the Special Issue"; "Opaque and Articulate Design"; "The Problem of Character in Design Education: Liberal Arts and Professional Specialization"; "'Dasein' Versus Design: The Problematics of Turning Making into Thinking"; "Donald Schon's Philosophy…

  20. Educating Young Children with Special Needs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Louise

    The 12 chapters in this Australian text on early childhood education of children with special needs are organized into two parts, the foundations of early years education and programming for atypical developmental needs. The 12 chapters are: (1) "Fundamentals of Early Education" (Louise Porter); (2) "Collaborating with Parents" (Louise Porter);…

  1. A Special Education Program Review Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wisconsin State Dept. of Public Instruction, Madison. Div. for Handicapped Children.

    The site review program guide is designed to assist local education agencies (LEAs) in the full implementation of Wiconsin's Chapter 115, federal law P.L. 94-142 (the Education for All Handicapped Children Act), and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 through a systematic review and monitoring of the total special education program. The…

  2. Procedural Safeguards in Special Education Under IDEA

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montana Office of Public Instruction, 2005

    2005-01-01

    Parents of a child who may receive special education, have certain rights that are guaranteed by federal law: the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). These rights are listed in this brochure and include parental rights to participate in meetings dealing with the identification, evaluation, and educational placement of your child…

  3. Historical Development of Special Education in Nigeria.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shown, D. G.

    The paper traces the history of education in Nigeria before and immediately after the arrival of the colonial masters. Noted are the establishment of missinary schools and the expansion of formal education at all levels, whereas little effort was made to meet the requirements of less privileged pupils with special educational needs. Effects of…

  4. Special Education in Zimbabwe: Issues and Trends

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chitiyo, Morgan

    2006-01-01

    Following a massive educational expansion initiative by the government of Zimbabwe since 1980, the country has achieved one of the highest literacy rates in Africa. There is legislation in Zimbabwe which makes education a right for every child. In spite of this legislation, special education in Zimbabwe still lags behind the entire educational…

  5. 75 FR 47801 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Special...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Special Demonstration.... Alexa Posny, Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. BILLING CODE...

  6. Special Education Law in Zimbabwe

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chitiyo, Morgan

    2008-01-01

    Education is a fundamental right for all children which must be guaranteed in every nation. Unfortunately, children with disabilities have been marginalized in many countries preventing them from accessing an appropriate education. Although some countries have legislation that guarantees educational rights to children with disabilities, some of…

  7. Special Education Administrative Policies Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torres, Scottie

    Intended for use by state and local education agencies in the development of written policy consistent with recent federal legislation on the education of handicapped children, the manual offers recommended policy statements in the areas of right to education, population, identification, evaluations, placement, service delivery, facilities and…

  8. Further Education of Special Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    European Information Center of the Charles Univ. for Further Education of Teachers. Prague (Czechoslovakia).

    The document contains papers from a symposium to confront the concepts of further education of teachers, educators, and other specialists in the field of care for the physically, sensorily, and mentally handicapped and socially maladjusted youth in individual European countries with different educational systems and different social systems.…

  9. Who, How, and Where: Special Education's Issues in Perpetuity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bateman, Barbara D.

    1994-01-01

    Issues that are central to special education and appear destined to remain so are discussed, including professional divisions among special educators and between special and regular educators, the population to be served, individualization, and placement. (JDD)

  10. Enhancing Teacher Efficacy in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDaniel, Elizabeth A.; McCarthy, Holly DiBella

    1989-01-01

    A special education teacher's sense of teaching efficacy and personal teaching efficacy influences teacher motivation and effort, teacher-student interactions, and student achievement. Methods for enhancing teachers' sense of efficacy are suggested. (JDD)

  11. Counterpoint: Special Education--Ineffective? Immoral?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuchs, Douglas; Fuchs, Lynn S.

    1995-01-01

    This counterpoint to a critique of the authors' paper, which argued against full inclusion of students with disabilities, offers evidence of the effectiveness of special education and notes court litigation that has recognized that separate is not always unequal. (JDD)

  12. Attaining Success for Beginning Special Education Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCabe, Marjorie; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Three case studies are presented that highlight problem scenarios relating to beginning special education intern teachers and explain how the teachers attained success. The cases focus on classroom management, adaptation of the core curriculum, and knowledge of instructional practices. (JDD)

  13. The Special Education IMC/RMC Network

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aserlind, LeRoy

    1970-01-01

    The director of the Special Education Instructional Materials Center at the University of Wisconsin explains the general goals of the centers and gives a brief description of the activities of each center. (AA)

  14. "Fixing" Secondary Vocational Special Education: Vocational Teacher Perceptions of Espoused Best Practice in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blazejowski, Laura

    2013-01-01

    Special education is a service mandated by law for students identified as having a disability. Students receive special education services through accommodations or modifications of the curriculum. A vocational program is one type of a secondary education opportunity. In vocational schools, students split their time approximately in half between…

  15. Fostering Resilience in Special Education Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sells, Dana; Shepard, Jerri

    This paper begins by presenting a case study of a ten-year-old special education student to demonstrate protective factors that help develop resiliency in children with disabilities. The definition of resiliency is then discussed, and risk factors that affect children with special needs are identified, including family problems associated with…

  16. Special Education in Beijing: An Overview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nan, Deng Qing

    This paper describes special education for children with visual impairments, hearing impairments, and intellectual impairments in China, especially in the city of Beijing. It reports a long history of special schools for individuals with visual impairments (since 1874), noting curriculum components at one school for the blind including braille,…

  17. The Misdiagnosis of Special Education Costs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berman, Sheldon H.; Urion, David K.

    2003-01-01

    Massachusetts study finds that increases in district's special-education costs are not due to district policies and practices, but to three external factors: medical advances that have increased the survivability of children born with disabilities, the deinstitutionalization of special-needs children, and the higher percentage of children living…

  18. Special Education Terminology Every Physical Education Teacher Should Know

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Columna, Luis; Lieberman, Lauren J.; Lytle, Rebecca; Arndt, Katrina

    2014-01-01

    An initial step to demonstrate commitment and professional behaviors is to be knowledgeable in the terminology used by special education colleagues, and to share with them common terminology used in physical education settings. Adapted physical education (APE) and general physical education (GPE) teachers need to know terminology used by…

  19. Defending Rights in (Special) Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ben-Porath, Sigal

    2012-01-01

    The state's commitment to educating all children can be framed as a matter of human capital development, or the economic benefits accrued to individuals and society as a result of educational attainment; it can be framed as a matter of capabilities, or the development of functionings that enable human flourishing; and it can be framed as a matter…

  20. New Patterns in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gallagher, James J.

    1990-01-01

    Reviews Lipsky and Gartner's book, "Beyond Separate Education: Quality Education for All," and Biklen, Ferguson, and Ford's book, "Schooling and Disability: (NSSE Yearbook Series)." Discusses the shared opinion that the direction of reform should be toward the integration of handicapped children into the regular school program. (JS)

  1. Geologic Hazards Meet the Special Education Classroom

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Haddad, D. E.; Haddad, A.; Turner, M.

    2011-12-01

    Mainstream classrooms have difficulty accommodating students with special learning needs and helping them achieve state-mandated standards in reading, writing, math, and science. These students are subsequently grouped into special education classrooms where they receive specialized instruction. Few lesson plans and teaching activities exist to help special education teachers guide their students toward meeting the state-mandated academic standards. This is especially true for science curricula. The goal of this project is to develop a set of science-themed lesson plans for special education students using geologic hazards as a prototype theme. The dynamic nature of geologic hazards provides an excellent opportunity to stimulate the natural curiosity students have about the world around them. We designed and implemented lesson plans for elementary-level students with learning and cognitive disabilities revolving around earthquakes, landslides, tsunamis, etc. The lesson plans used tactile and interactive learning activities to teach Earth science and science inquiry concepts outlined in the Arizona Department of Education curriculum standards. All lesson plans were administered by a special education teacher to a class of 8-10 students over the course of three weeks. Student responses were coded semi-quantitatively to assess the effectiveness of the lesson plans. Pre- and post-assessments of each student's state of knowledge showed increased retention of geologic concepts after implementing our new lesson plans. This project demonstrated that real-world science concepts like natural hazards are both engaging to special education students and effective in meeting otherwise elusive state-mandated science curricula. Future efforts will concentrate on making effective, prepackaged lesson plans available to special education teachers on a grab-and-go basis.

  2. A Response to the Regular Education/Special Education Initiative.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCarthy, Jeanne McCrae

    1987-01-01

    The position paper of the Division for Learning Disabilities of the Council for Exceptional Children proposes seven components (including the differentiation of learning disabilities from learning problems) of the final policy of the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services concerning the Regular Education/Special Education…

  3. Readability of Special Education Procedural Safeguards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mandic, Carmen Gomez; Rudd, Rima; Hehir, Thomas; Acevedo-Garcia, Dolores

    2012-01-01

    This study focused on literacy-related barriers to understanding the rights of students with disabilities and their parents within the special education system. SMOG readability scores were determined for procedural safeguards documents issued by all state departments of education. The average reading grade level was 16; 6% scored in the high…

  4. Out-of-District Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Legislative Office of Education Oversight, Columbus.

    This study examined issues regarding children who receive special education services outside of their home school district--specifically, reasons for these out-of-district placements in Ohio. The study reviewed relevant documents concerning federal and state requirements and funding, and consulted with Ohio Department of Education (ODE) personnel,…

  5. Special Education Administrator Issues and the Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomason, Jo

    This discussion addresses the legal issues in special education currently of critical concern to school administrators. It reviews outcomes of recent court cases, Department of Education policies, and legislative requirements concerning the following issues: (1) inclusion (a two-pronged test of compliance with mainstreaming requirements of the…

  6. Focus 8, New Vistas in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Angelo John, Ed.

    The booklet discusses the role of the Educational Testing Service (ETS) in research on aspects of special education. Among research projects noted are those undertaken at the Institute for the Study of Exceptional Children: studies comparing premature with normal infants, evaluating the Infant Assessment Battery, measuring mother-infant…

  7. Special Education Placement Factors for Latino Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kraemer, Robert J.

    2010-01-01

    The disproportionate representation of minority students in special education programs has been a problem for over forty years. Factors contributing to minority overrepresentation include the lack of primary prevention, inappropriate language and educational assessment, over-referral of minority students for suspected learning difficulties,…

  8. Educating Students with Special Needs: Understanding Documentation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Phillip

    2005-01-01

    Proper documentation of strategies and results is crucially important for identifying problems and benchmark successes in the education of special needs students. In this article, the author shares the guidelines he provides to teachers at his school in the hopes of minimizing administrative tasks while ensuring that educators are familiar with…

  9. Secondary Mathematics Inclusion: Merging with Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dieker, Lisa A.; Stephan, Michelle; Smith, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    The merging of the fields of special education and mathematics was never meant to be a recent phenomenon. The true intention of the Individuals with Disabilities in Education Act (1975) was for students with disabilities to remain in the least restrictive environment. However, because mathematics is a content area with the greatest dependency on…

  10. Legislation Pertaining to Special Needs Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

    This report presents the findings of a UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Social, and Cultural Organization) survey of the state of legislation on special needs education in 52 member states. Most of the information was gathered in 1992-93. This document represents the final work compiled in 1994-95. Part 1 presents an analysis and synthesis of…

  11. Effective Instruction for Special Education. Third Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mastropieri, Margo A.; Scruggs, Thomas E.

    This book conveys practical information on the instruction of students with mild disabilities, whether in self-contained, resource, or general education classroom settings. Emphasis is on research-based special education teaching methods. It first describes general principles of effective instruction, followed by more specific details associated…

  12. Special Education. Program Quality Evaluation (PQE).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. for Exceptional Children.

    The manual, intended for local education agency administrators, outlines Program Quality Evaluation (PQE), North Carolina's approach to measuring special education programs. Chapter 2 establishes the rationale of evaluation and advocates the goal-based approach. Chapter 3 lists three program goal areas (determining learner gains/outcomes, locating…

  13. Single Subject Research: Applications to Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cakiroglu, Orhan

    2012-01-01

    Single subject research is a scientific research methodology that is increasingly used in the field of special education. Therefore, understanding the unique characteristics of single subject research methodology is critical both for educators and practitioners. Certain characteristics make single subject research one of the most preferred…

  14. Microcomputers: An Available Technology for Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joiner, Lee Marvin; And Others

    1980-01-01

    The article describes the capabilities and features of basic microcomputer systems and describes special education applications: computer assisted instruction, prosthesis, testing, communication, and enhancing personal relations. Problems such as the availability of authoring languages, high quality educational software, and computer safety are…

  15. Special Education Curriculum (Computerized IEP Catalog).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garland Independent School District, TX.

    This special education curriculum, developed by the Garland (Texas) Independent School District, outlines the basic tools for preparing an Individual Educational Plan (IEP) for each handicapped student. The curricular information is organized and coded to facilitate computerized printing of the IEP. The document begins with a list of 13…

  16. Cost of Special Education Programs in California.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keefe, R. F.; And Others

    The document reports a study for the California State Department of Education to provide clarification of existing studies and reports on the cost of special education in California. Chapter 1 covers the background of the study, purpose and plan, study design (which included review of existing cost reports and studies and structured interviews…

  17. Mentoring and Doctoral Completion in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobs, Ruth

    2010-01-01

    This investigator provides support to current research findings that mentoring can be a successful factor in doctoral degree completion (Maher, Ford and Thompson, 2004). Of concern to this researcher is the shortage of doctoral degree recipients, whose dissertations reflect special education issues, to meet current educational demands (Smith,…

  18. Controversial Issues Confronting Special Education: Divergent Perspectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stainback, William; Stainback, Susan

    This book of 24 papers presents divergent views on 12 issues in special education: organizational strategies, classroom service delivery approaches, maximizing the talents and gifts of students, classification and labeling, assessment, instructional strategies, classroom management, collaboration/consultation, research practices, higher education,…

  19. Parent's Guide to Special Education in Missouri

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2008

    2008-01-01

    Children with disabilities have a right to a free appropriate public education (FAPE). Children differ in mental abilities, sensory development, physical traits, emotional or social behaviors, or communication skills. Some may require modification to their school program or special education and related services in order to benefit from their…

  20. Minority MMR Overrepresentation and Special Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reschly, Daniel J.

    1988-01-01

    Recommendations from "Placing Children in Special Education" are reviewed, focusing on: (1) inaccurate interpretation of overrepresentation of minority mildly mentally retarded students, (2) use of prereferral interventions, (3) cross-categorical programing, (4) application of an outcomes criterion, and (5) expansion of regular education options…

  1. Preparing Secondary Special Educators: Four Collaborative Initiatives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simmons, Kate D.; Carpenter, Laura Bowden; Dyal, Allen; Austin, Sheila; Shumack, Kellie

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to share the results of multiphase initiatives funded by four separate grants. The projects were designed to improve and enhance collaborative teaching at the secondary level. Each project provided opportunities for increased collaboration between special education faculty, secondary education faculty, and…

  2. Preschool Special Education Eligibility Classifications and Criteria.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Danaher, Joan

    1995-01-01

    This paper analyzes the preschool special education eligibility classifications and criteria used by states and the District of Columbia in compliance with Part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Four types of eligibility classifications are described: use of only Part B disability categories; use of Part B categories plus a…

  3. Preschool Special Education Eligibility Classifications and Criteria.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Danaher, Joan

    1992-01-01

    This paper analyzes the preschool special education eligibility classifications and criteria used by states and the District of Columbia in compliance with Part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Four types of eligibility classifications are described: use of only Part B disability categories; use of Part B categories plus a…

  4. The University of Guam Special Education Program: Preparing Special Education Teachers in a Very Diverse Culture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fee, Richard W.; Fee, Julie M.; Snowden, Peggy A.; Stuart, Nicole M.; Baumgartner, Dana

    2012-01-01

    Only 12 students graduated from the M.Ed.-Special Education program at the University of Guam during its first 20 years. In the spring of 2007, with technical assistance from The Monarch Center, the University of Guam School of Education in partnership with the Guam Department of Education and the Guam Commission on Educator Certification began a…

  5. Expert Systems and Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hofmeister, Alan M.; Ferrara, Joseph M.

    The application of artificial intelligence to the problems of education is examined. One of the most promising areas in artificial intelligence is expert systems technology which engages the user in a problem-solving diaglogue. Some of the characteristics that make expert systems "intelligent" are identified and exemplified. The rise of expert…

  6. Environmental Education. "Kappan" Special Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Estes, Yvonne Baron

    1993-01-01

    Describes a comprehensive environmental education program and facilities at Gullett Elementary School, in Austin, Texas. The program helps children learn responsibility and respect for animals and each other. Attendance improves, as children are responsible for feeding an animal entrusted to their care. Students score in the upper 90 percentiles…

  7. Homeschoolers' Rights to Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zirkel, Perry A.

    2003-01-01

    Analyzes a Nevada case involving parents' challenge to district's policy that denied speech therapy services to their home-schooled, speech-impaired student. Ninth Circuit Court upheld the legality of the district's policy, holding that it did not violate the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) since home schooling is not considered…

  8. Rehabilitation Counseling, Special Education, and Vocational Special Needs Education: Three Transition Disciplines.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Szymanski, Edna Mora; And Others

    1990-01-01

    The paper explores the involvement of three key professions (rehabilitation counseling, special education, and vocational special needs education) in providing transition services for employment preparation for people with disabilities. Recommendations for a three-level transdisciplinary approach to service delivery are presented. (JDD)

  9. Special Education in New Zealand. Report of a 1982 Survey. Studies in Special Education, No. 42.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Panckhurst, Fay; And Others

    A questionnaire survey canvassed the views of 72 New Zealand educators, in order to identify gaps or deficiencies in services and to establish priorities for development. Respondents were asked to comment on special education system strengths, growing points, desirable policy directions, and special interests. Four issues emerged as central to…

  10. State Special Education Finance Systems, 1999-2000. Part II: Special Education Revenues and Expenditures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parrish, Thomas; Harr, Jenifer; Wolman, Jean; Anthony, Jennifer; Merickel, Amy; Esra, Phil

    2004-01-01

    The Center for Special Education Finance (CSEF) provides policymakers and administrators at all governmental levels with data, analyses, expertise, and opportunities to share information about special education finance issues. One of CSEF's major activities is the periodic collection and dissemination of information on state funding systems for…

  11. Current Uses of Artificial Intelligence in Special Education. Abstract XI: Research & Resources on Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA.

    Summarized are two reports of a federally funded project on the use of artificial intelligence in special education. The first report, "Artificial Intelligence Applications in Special Education: How Feasible?," by Alan Hofmeister and Joseph Ferrara, provides information on the development and evaluation of a series of prototype systems in special…

  12. Development and Current Status of Special Education in Korea

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Park, Young-Kyoon

    2005-01-01

    This paper deals with the developmental history and the current situation of special education in Korea. Special Education began in the late 1800s by the commitment of missionaries from the West. Special Education in Korea is well defined by the related laws and regulations; however, Special Education still needs lots of innovative efforts to…

  13. Chapter 1: An Educational Revolution. An "Education Week" Special Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Education Week, 1991

    1991-01-01

    The articles of this special issue commemorate 25 years of the Chapter 1 compensatory education program. With the enactment of Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 the Federal government became widely and directly involved in precollegiate education. By 1991, under the Hawkins Stafford Act of 1988, the initiative, renamed…

  14. Project RAISE: Rural America Institute for Special Educators--A Preservice Teacher Training Program for Rural Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Steven C.; And Others

    Project RAISE (Rural America Institute for Special Educators) is a preservice teacher training program specifically designed for preparing special educators for the demands of rural settings. The project is being conducted by the Department of Special Education at Bowling Green State University and concentrates on training special educators in a…

  15. Special education in Russia: historical aspects.

    PubMed

    Malofeev, N N

    1998-01-01

    Tracing the history of special education services in Russia from its beginnings in the early nineteenth century through the rapid expansion of both private and government-supported programs and institutions until the restrictive Soviet period provides both understanding and appreciation of current Russian special education services and institutions. Theoretical principles guiding special education formulated by L. Vygotsky, and sources outside the USSR, were officially suppressed, as were testing and statistical data on handicapped individuals. Official mandates to bring students with handicaps up to state-approved standards resulted in the development of creative, effective approaches. The framework of special education changed little until the breakdown of the USSR. The new Russian Federation ratified UN resolutions protecting the rights of children. Categorical language is a recent development, and terms such as defective, retarded and pedologist are gradually being replaced. The final decade of this century is witnessing rapid change at the initiation of the Ministry of Education that is beginning to produce needed reform. One of the major initiatives is to provide LD specialists in all schools so that students will not need to be a great distance from home to receive needed services. PMID:9529788

  16. Jefferson County Public Schools Special Education Resource Center.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jefferson County School District R-1, Lakewood, CO.

    The booklet describes the services of the Special Education Resource Center in Jefferson County (Colorado) Public Schools. Among service components reviewed are educational programming, information services, materials and equipment information, and training programs for personnel other than special educators. (CL)

  17. Special Needs Education: Statistics and Indicators. Education and Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robson, Colin; Evans, Peter; Deluca, Marcella

    This report presents an analysis of the statistics concerning the status of education for students with special needs in member nations of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Special needs students are defined as those who have disabilities with clear biological causes, or who are experiencing learning difficulties, or who…

  18. Preparing Special Education Higher Education Faculty: The Influences of Contemporary Education Issues and Policy Recommendations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    deBettencourt, Laurie U.; Hoover, John J.; Rude, Harvey A.; Taylor, Shanon S.

    2016-01-01

    There is a well-documented need for leadership personnel who are prepared at the doctoral level to fill special education faculty positions at institutions of higher education (IHEs) and train the next generation of teachers. The intersection of continued retirements of special education faculty, shortage of well-prepared special education faculty…

  19. Attrition and Retention among Special Education Paraprofessionals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Kimberly D.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to obtain information about issues of turnover and retention among former and current special education paraprofessionals in one school district. Survey data and findings indicated ways to retain staff and reduce turnover. Information from this study was shared within the district and will be considered in creating…

  20. ESS/Special Education Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ball, Daniel W.

    This teacher's guide provides Elementary Science Study (ESS) units that can be used with students in grades 1-12 in special education programs. The ESS units represent an interdisciplinary approach to learning and emphasize "hands-on" activities. Activities include Mirror Cards, Pattern Blocks, Clay Boats, Mapping, Earthworms, and Structures. Each…

  1. Teacher Time Use in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vannest, Kimberly J.; Hagan-Burke, Shanna

    2010-01-01

    How special education teachers spend their time is largely unknown. Yet conceptually, "time" is one of the most tangible and salient variables of the effective instruction literature, Carroll's model of school learning and many economic models of performance measures. This currently unknown use of teacher time has clear and important implications…

  2. Sharing Special Education Strategies in Rural Kenya

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shamberger, Cynthia T.

    2014-01-01

    As a former special education teacher at the elementary, middle and high school levels, many unique and complex learning situations were encountered. The author, who was a junior faculty member on her initial trip to Kenya, experienced a very challenging, yet rewarding, learning opportunity with teachers gathered in a community located in rural…

  3. Special Education as a Moral Enterprise.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Astman, James Alan

    1984-01-01

    The article addresses the "identity crisis" which the author says faces the field of learning disabilities. Following a brief review of the history of special education, the logical positivism movement is described and challenged. In the final section the author emphasizes the need to examine values rather than facts divorced from contexts. (CL)

  4. Evaluation of Ozanam's Special Education Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Souza, Eros

    The special education program of Ozanam Home for Boys, Inc. (Kansas City, Missouri), a private residential psychiatric facility serving about 60 emotionally disturbed adolescent males, was examined. Detailed eco-behavioral data were collected on a sample of one "active" student, one "passive" student, and two controls. Data for all four students…

  5. Special Education Issues, Trends, and Future Predictions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siegel, Janna

    This paper identifies and discusses major issues and trends in special education in the United States, including implications of these trends for future developments. Trends are discussed for the following areas: (1) philosophy and law (a communitarian philosophy is emerging); (2) labels and terminology (a trend toward declassification); (3)…

  6. Minorities Are Disproportionately Underrepresented in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Paul L.; Farkas, George; Hillemeier, Marianne M.; Mattison, Richard; Maczuga, Steve; Li, Hui; Cook, Michael

    2015-01-01

    We investigated whether minority children attending U.S. elementary and middle schools are disproportionately represented in special education. We did so using hazard modeling of multiyear longitudinal data and extensive covariate adjustment for potential child-, family-, and state-level confounds. Minority children were consistently less likely…

  7. Legal Currency in Special Education Law

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zirkel, Perry A.

    2011-01-01

    A review of some basic concepts in special education law will help principals better understand the complex laws and regulations implicated in common situations. This article cites a case scenario that illustrates various potential issues under IDEA 2004 and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act. Chris is in the 10th grade, and his parents have…

  8. Innovations in Special Education and Rehabilitation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nathanson, Jeanne H., Ed.

    1993-01-01

    This bulletin issue contains seven papers describing innovations in various areas of special education and rehabilitation. "Training Criminal Justice Personnel To Recognize Offenders with Disabilities" (Keith L. Curry and others) examines prevalence figures of disabilities among incarcerated adults and describes the "Effectively Communicating with…

  9. The Evolution of Special Education in Malaysia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Lay Wah; Low, Hui Min

    2014-01-01

    This article traces the evolution of special education in Malaysia across four chronological stages: before and during the early colonial period (before 1900), pre-independence (1900-1957), post-independence (1957-1990) and modern Malaysia (1990 to the present), through document analysis. By placing current issues and trends within a historical…

  10. Business Advisory Committee for Vocational Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Irving Independent School District, TX.

    This packet contains materials about and by the Business Advisory Committee (BAC) for Vocational Special Education of the Irving Independent School District (IISD), Texas. It discusses benefits to the business sector, both corporately and individually: introduction of management to an untapped resource, employee involvement in worthwhile programs,…

  11. Special Education Teacher Training: A Comparative Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wheatley, F. Wayne; And Others

    1983-01-01

    Special education teacher preparation is analyzed in a small college, a medium-sized university, and a large doctoral-degree-granting university. A comparative profile of such programs is developed, using such information as definition, areas of programmation emphasis, diversity of faculty, curricular flexibility, faculty-student ratio, resources,…

  12. Special Education Resource System Guidelines. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin.

    A Special Education Resource System (SERS) is a local school district's clearinghouse for all instructional materials used to teach handicapped students in any given instructional arrangement. It gives teachers ready access to instructional resources that correlate with the district's curriculum objectives and the student's individual educational…

  13. Slowing the Flood of Special Education Referrals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dauphinais, Paul

    2000-01-01

    Describes alternatives to the standard special education approach of assessment, referral, and placement. Provides three guiding principles that personalize the assessment process. Proposes solutions: meeting with parents to plan for student success, assembling a team of professionals to review and solve problems, and establishing formal…

  14. Scientific Revolutions in Special Education in Finland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kivirauma, Joel

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, Finnish special education research is analysed. The material for this review consists of all academic theses published between the years 1951 and 1999. Doctoral theses can be considered as one type of official product of normal science, since they undergo rather stringent internal scientific evaluation. An attempt is made to…

  15. Recruiting and Retaining Male Special Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rice, Craig J.; Goessling, Deborah Peters

    2005-01-01

    The percentage of male students who complete an undergraduate degree in the field of special education continues to be much lower than that of female graduates. Low status, low salaries, the perception of teaching as women's work, potential complaints of child abuse and sexual harassment, and a lack of male peer groups factor into this low…

  16. A Bibliotherapy Program with Special Education Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, Doris J.

    1980-01-01

    Presents an application by a librarian of bibliotherapeutic methods to a special education class of five seventh-grade students with poor reading skills and low self-concept. Class setting, teacher pupil interaction, class goals, and a daily log of class sessions are provided, along with an evaluation. (RAA)

  17. Selected Websites for International Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cutolo, Frank J.

    2002-01-01

    This article describes Internet sites relating to special education with a global perspective. The Web Accessibility Initiative is described, as is the current standard for Web accessibility: "Bobby Approved". Webable, a provider of Web accessibility technology, the Archimedes Project, and a Web site for translating languages are also profiled.…

  18. Special Education in High School Redesign

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National High School Center, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This annotated bibliography, co-authored by the National High School Center and the National Secondary Transition Technical Assistance Center, identifies articles that address high school redesign as it relates to students with disabilities and special education's role in such initiatives. The articles are organized around the National High School…

  19. Special Educational Needs: A Public Issue

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liasidou, Anastasia

    2010-01-01

    This article explores the contribution of sociological scholarship to understanding and analysing the notions of "special educational needs" and "disability" and the ways in which the two notions have been reconfigured and theorised as "public issues" rather than "personal troubles". Barton's contribution is signified both in terms of his…

  20. Preservice Special Education: Interactive Video Simulation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, Robert J.

    The paper describes a microcomputer simulation program developed to train preservice special education teachers in the use of basic behavior modification skills. The program was written in SuperPILOT on an Apple IIe using a BCD interface card and a Panasonic NV 8200 video tape recorder. Production suggestions are offered. The incorporation of…

  1. Market Demand for Special Education Faculty

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montrosse, Bianca Elizabeth; Young, Christopher J.

    2012-01-01

    Since 1988, researchers have monitored the extent and severity of the chronic special education (SE) faculty shortage. The present study sought to add to this knowledge base by (a) gathering data on the supply and demand of leadership personnel in SE since the "2001 Faculty Shortage Study"; (b) combining and comparing these data with other sources…

  2. Efficient Location of Information in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kissinger, Patricia; Ary, Donald

    Many individuals are concerned that the "knowledge explosion" in special education is making it difficult to keep up with research in the field. However, at the same time that knowledge has been expanding, efficient ways of locating knowledge have developed and additional sources of integrative reviews of research have appeared. The paper…

  3. Exploring Organizational Learning Mechanisms in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schechter, Chen; Feldman, Niv

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The notion of organizational learning (OL) has reached the forefront of both school change discourse and academic inquiry. However, this notion has not yet undergone deliberate thinking and research within the special education domain. The purpose of this paper is to address this gap in the literature by empirically investigating OL…

  4. Special Education Professionals' Perceptions toward Accessible Playgrounds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanton-Chapman, Tina L.; Schmidt, Eric L.

    2016-01-01

    The perceptions and beliefs of 303 special education professionals toward currently available playgrounds in their school or community were examined. Survey respondents (a) indicated that their students with a disability could not fully participate in their school or community's playground offerings, (b) discussed the need for a peer buddy program…

  5. Neuroscience and Special Education. inForum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muller, Eve

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this document is to provide a brief overview of how links are being developed between the rapidly expanding field of neuroscience and the practice of special education. The first part of the document introduces definitions and terminology, provides an overview of how findings from neuroscience are being applied to the field of…

  6. Issues and Concerns in Special Education Microcomputing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maddux, Cleborne D.

    1986-01-01

    Discussion of microcomputer use in public elementary schools focuses on the field of special education. Two main ways of using computers are described: (1) traditional uses, including administration, computer-assisted instruction, and assessment; and (2) new applications, including programming, word processing, simulations, and prosthetic aids…

  7. Fostering Resilience in Beginning Special Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belknap, Bridget M.

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative study identified perceptions of risk and resilience in four different teaching roles of first-year, secondary special education teachers in three school districts in a large metropolitan area. The study sample consisted of nine women in their first year of teaching who were also completing the requirements of a master's…

  8. Mentoring Early Career Special Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dempsey, Ian; Arthur-Kelly, Michael; Carty, Breda

    2009-01-01

    For some time, special education has been plagued by shortages of qualified teaching staff and by high turnover rates for these staff. While several factors--external, employment and personal--are largely responsible for this situation, the research demonstrates that the initial professional experiences of early career teachers are closely…

  9. Who Is Placed into Special Education?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hibel, Jacob; Farkas, George; Morgan, Paul L.

    2010-01-01

    The authors use nationally representative data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (ECLS-K) to identify variables measured in the fall of 1998 (when the sample's students were in kindergarten) that predict special education placement by the spring of 2004 (when most students were finishing fifth grade).…

  10. Kansas Survey regarding Attrition of Special Education Personnel. Kansas Regent Institutions Special Project. Summary Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kells, Patricia P.; And Others

    Results of a 1982 survey to assess competencies that were developed for special education teachers in Kansas are presented. The 61 competencies covered the role of special education personnel with regular educators and the involvement of parents in the special education process. The objective of the competency-development project was to reduce the…

  11. MCPS Special Education at a Glance 2007-2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Public Schools, 2008

    2008-01-01

    Montgomery County Public Schools (MCPS) "Special Education at a Glance," which includes a copy of the "Guide to Planning and Assessing School-Based Special Education Programs," provides in a single document, information about the special education population at each MCPS school, including enrollment, staffing, special education…

  12. Special Education in Trinidad and Tobago: Educational Vision and Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pedro, Joan; Conrad, Dennis

    2006-01-01

    This article shares interpretations of an important piece of professional development in teacher education in Trinidad and Tobago, an initiative that came about because of the unique relationship between the Association of Special Education of Trinidad and Tobago (TASETT), the Teachers Union of Trinidad and Tobago (TUTTA), and the University of…

  13. Educating Hard of Hearing Children. Special Education in Transition 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Mark, Ed.; Nober, Linda W., Ed.

    Viewpoints of an audiologist, speech-language pathologist, special educator, classroom teacher, and parent are presented in the book on the implications of P.L. 94-142, the Education for All Handicapped Children Act, for hard of hearing students. In the introduction, M. Ross considers the status of many hard of hearing students, noting the…

  14. Special Education Report to the Board of Public Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montana Office of Public Instruction, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Public schools must make available special education and related services to all IDEA-eligible (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act) students with disabilities beginning at age three and through age 18. Services to students, ages 19, 20, and 21, are permissive. That means the decision to serve 19, 20 and 21-year-old students is determined…

  15. The Essential Special Education Guide for the Regular Education Teacher

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burns, Edward

    2007-01-01

    The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) of 2004 has placed a renewed emphasis on the importance of the regular classroom, the regular classroom teacher and the general curriculum as the primary focus of special education. This book contains over 100 topics that deal with real issues and concerns regarding the regular classroom and…

  16. Inclusive Education for Children with Special Educational Needs: A Critique

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hornby, Garry

    2011-01-01

    This review essay examines "Special Educational Needs: A New Look" by Mary Warnock which was initially published as a "pamphlet" by the Philosophy of Education Society of Great Britain in 2005. In this new edition, the original publication is reprinted as the first chapter and Brahm Norwich contributes a chapter in which he responds to the issues…

  17. Special Education Teacher Education Research: Current Status and Future Directions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sindelar, Paul T.; Brownell, Mary T.; Billingsley, Bonnie

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the authors propose an agenda for special education teacher education researchers, with particular attention to policy work and studies of innovations in pre-service preparation, induction and mentoring, and professional development. Because previous research is limited and unfocused, the foundation for future research is weak,…

  18. Examining the Intersection of Arts Education and Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malley, Sharon M.; Silverstein, Lynne B.

    2014-01-01

    A variety of stakeholders work to ensure opportunities for students with disabilities to learn in and through the arts. Because they work in various disciplines in the fields of arts education and special education, these stakeholders lack opportunities to share resources and information. The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, and its…

  19. Special Education/Traffic Safety Education. Curriculum Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McBrayer, Clyde; Tidwell, Fred

    The curriculum guide for special education students is intended to serve as a supplement to the Washington 1980 State Traffice Safety Education Curriculum Guide. The guide is also correlated with two popular traffic safety texts. Each of the 21 modules contains a goal statement, a list of vocabulary words that might be difficult, a check sheet…

  20. Special Education from the Parents' Point of View.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Marjorie; Johns, Beverly

    The booklet is designed to emphasize in simple terms the important points of the federal and state (Illinois) law related to special education. The following topics are covered: special education parents (parent role); parent-school partnerships (parent training); mandates for special education; individualized education programs (content,…

  1. Race and Special Educational Needs in the 1990s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diniz, Fernando Almeida

    1999-01-01

    Discussion of effects of "institutionalized racism" on the education of black and minority children with special educational needs in the United Kingdom focuses on a Scottish study which raised issues concerning: racism in special education research; over and under representation in special education; equitable assessment, curriculum and access to…

  2. Kids in the Middle: The Micro Politics of Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strax, Marshall; Strax, Carol; Cooper, Bruce S.

    2012-01-01

    "Kids in the Middle: The Micro-Politics of Special Education" takes the reader on a fascinating journey through special education in the past, present, and future. On this journey, the micro-politics of special education are seen through the eyes and experiences of children with disabilities, their parents and advocates, adult educators, and…

  3. Special Education and Home Schooling: How Laws Interact with Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reinhiller, Noell; Thomas, Gloria Jean

    1996-01-01

    Reviews the development of home schooling and compulsory education, explores how special education law is interpreted within the framework of home-based education, summarizes state laws that affect home schooling and special education services in rural Minnesota and North Dakota, and summarizes litigation involving home-schooling and special needs…

  4. California Master Plan for Special Education--An Update.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pillsbury, Charles A.; Maitland, Anne M.

    The report updates aspects of the 1977 report on California's Master Plan for Special Education. Reasons are sought for the intense debate over state funding for special education, which has substantially increased over recent years while special education enrollments have increased only modestly. In visits to nearly 100 local education agencies,…

  5. Mass. for-Profit Helps Schools Trim Special Education Costs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shah, Nirvi

    2011-01-01

    This article reports on a private Massachusetts company that specializes in showing districts how to rethink the way they staff and deliver special education services. Futures Education is a private company that works with dozens of districts around the country on cutting special education costs. Futures Education may be hired simply to evaluate…

  6. Phenomenological Study of Special Education Teachers Using an Emergency License

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alborn-Yilek, Susan

    2010-01-01

    The shortage of special education teachers is critical. One means used to increase the supply of available teachers is to issue an emergency license to teachers not fully certified in special education. This is a phenomenological study of four general education teachers practicing special education using an emergency license. Their experience is…

  7. Disproportionate Representation of Minorities in Special Education--How Bad?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gentry, Ruben

    2009-01-01

    Appropriate special education is unquestionably beneficial for children with "real" disabilities. It offers them an individualized education plan to help develop their potential. But special education for children without specific disabilities, as more often the case of minorities, is unjustifiable. For the latter children, special education is…

  8. MCPS Special Education at a Glance 2005-2006

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Public Schools, 2006

    2006-01-01

    "MCPS Special Education at a Glance" is a direct result of the work of the Special Education Continuous Improvement Team (SECIT), an advisory group to the Montgomery County Public Schools Board of Education Special Education Ad Hoc Subcommittee. During the 2004-2005 school year, the SECIT developed, in collaboration with special…

  9. Special Education Teacher Preparation in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keller, Clayton; Al-Hendawi, Maha; Abuelhassan, Hadeel

    2016-01-01

    The provision of special education for students with disabilities depends upon the availability of well-qualified special educators, which, in turn, depends upon the availability and characteristics of preparation programs. In countries of the world where special education systems are still developing the capacity to provide the education that…

  10. Special Education Teacher Preparation in Kenya, Malawi, Zambia, and Zimbabwe

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chitiyo, Morgan; Odongo, George; Itimu-Phiri, Ambumulire; Muwana, Florence; Lipemba, Mary

    2015-01-01

    Researchers have repeatedly identified special education teacher shortage as one of the factors that have stymied the development of special education in many African countries. Highly qualified special education teachers are an integral part of successful national educational systems. In order to ensure an optimum supply of qualified special…

  11. Modelling Inclusive Special Needs Education: Insights from Dutch Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van der Bij, T.; Geijsel, F. P.; Garst, G. J. A.; Ten Dam, G. T. M.

    2016-01-01

    Inclusive special needs education is prominent on the international education agenda. Research on the characteristics of inclusive education for students with special needs and schools providing this is scarce, however. Our aim in the present study was therefore to further theory-building with regard to inclusive special needs education. On the…

  12. Policies and Procedures Manual for Special Education in Oklahoma.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oklahoma State Dept. of Education, Oklahoma City.

    The guide, a support document to the Oklahoma State Plan for Special Education, presents a policies and procedures manual for special education in Oklahoma in accordance with the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (P.L. 94-142). The manual is intended to establish the minimum standards for special education program approval, to establish…

  13. Demographic Report on Special Education Students in Postsecondary Education: Implications for School Counselors and Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kushner, Jason; Maldonado, Jose; Pack, Tresvil; Hooper, Buddy

    2011-01-01

    Using data from the Educational Longitudinal Study of the National Center for Education Statistics, this article describes data concerning educational expectations and use of school counselors for students enrolled in special education. Participants included students enrolled in special education from urban, suburban, and rural settings. Chi…

  14. Towards a Framework for Understanding the Process of Educating the "Special" in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hausstatter, Rune Sarromaa; Connolley, Steven

    2012-01-01

    This article addresses the debate between traditionalism and inclusion within special education, and presents the argument that being disabled and having special needs are very real conditions, even though disabilities are socially constructed, and that teachers must respond to this reality. This article first presents a theoretical framework that…

  15. Effective Schools--Excellence in Urban Special Education. Teaching Exceptional Children. [Special Issue].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, June B., Ed.

    1985-01-01

    Seven author-contributed papers focus on excellence in urban special education schools. Libby Goodman reviews the isolation of special education teachers and children, in "The Effective School Movement and Special Education," while Dan L. Peterson et al. trace the implications for the Seattle School District of the efforts described in "Effective…

  16. Special Needs in Education (E241): Special Biographies, Unit 1/2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Booth, Tony

    The third of 16 booklets designed for use in an Open University course on special education in the United Kingdom, this guide introduces key issues in the course. The variety of handicapping conditions is examined, and age and sex factors in special education are considered. Effects of the environment and the special educational system are also…

  17. The Play of Children with Special Needs in Mainstream and Special Education Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bray, Paula; Cooper, Rodney

    2007-01-01

    Educators and occupational therapists regard play as a primary occupation of childhood, which in the case of children with special needs has not been well studied. The aim of this descriptive study was to observe the free-play behaviour of children with special needs in both special education and mainstream education settings. The Revised…

  18. The Special Education Paradox: Equity as the Way to Excellence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skrtic, Thomas M.

    1991-01-01

    Critiques special education as a professional and institutional practice and public education as social practice. Compares the Education for All Handicapped Children Act and the Regular Education Initiative. Argues that school organization and specialized professional culture are not conducive to educational excellence and equity and proposes…

  19. Special or Not so Special: Special Education Background Experiences of Principals and Adequate Yearly Progress

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilcox, Jennifer E.

    2011-01-01

    This mixed-methods study researched the special education background experience of principals and the effect on students in the subgroup of Students with Disabilities in making Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP). In the state of Ohio, schools and districts are expected to make AYP as a whole and additionally make AYP for each subgroup (various…

  20. Special Thinking in Special Settings: A Qualitative Study of Expert Special Educators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stough, Laura M.; Palmer, Douglas J.

    2003-01-01

    A stimulated recall procedure was used to examine the instructional decision making of 19 expert special educators. Qualitative analysis indicated that a detailed and extensive knowledge base about students enabled these teachers to assess their students' academic and emotional states of mind and to address effectively the students' needs within…

  1. Program Evaluation for Effective Special Education. Research & Resources on Special Education: Issue IV.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Conference of State Legislatures, Washington, DC.

    The paper addresses issues in special education program evaluation. Introductory information examines the mandate for state monitoring under P.L. 94-142, The Education For All Handicapped Children Act, and reviews state monitoring approaches undertaken in Nebraska, Missouri, and North Carolina. A nine-step procedure designed to help policymakers…

  2. Special Education Forms. Volume 2: Early Childhood Special Education for Children Three to School Age.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fink, Sandra; Allen, Diana

    This document comprises forms (and directions for their use) used in Oregon which meet the state regulations for Early Childhood Special Education (ECSE) as well as the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Forms are identified as either required or optional and are presented in a two-page format, with one page identifying…

  3. Special Education Teachers' Experiences Supporting and Supervising Paraeducators: Implications for Special and General Education Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Douglas, Sarah N.; Chapin, Shelley E.; Nolan, James F.

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, there has been an increase in paraeducator supports, in large part because students with low incidence disabilities are being included more frequently in general education settings. As a result, special education teachers have been given additional supervisory responsibilities related to directing the work of paraeducators in…

  4. WHO IS PLACED INTO SPECIAL EDUCATION?

    PubMed Central

    Hibel, Jacob; Farkas, George; Morgan, Paul L.

    2015-01-01

    We use nationally representative data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-99 (ECLS-K) to identify variables measured in the fall of 1998 (when the sample’s students were in kindergarten) that predict special education placement by the spring of 2004 (when those not retained were finishing fifth grade). Placement’s strongest kindergarten predictor is a student’s own level of academic achievement. Also important is the student’s frequency of classroom task engagement. There is a “frog-pond” contextual effect -- attending an elementary school with high levels of overall student academic ability and behavior increases a student’s likelihood of special education placement. This is the case even after statistically controlling for a wide range of individual-, family-, and school-level characteristics. Social class background displayed a weak or statistically non-significant relation with special education placement. However, girls are placed less frequently than boys. African American, Hispanic, and Asian students are placed less frequently than non-Hispanic whites. The under- or equal-placement rates for racial/ethnic minorities are partially explained by their concentration in high-minority schools. PMID:26005224

  5. Early Childhood Special Education in the People's Republic of China.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gargiulo, Richard M.; Piao, Yongxin

    1996-01-01

    Presents overview of emerging field of early childhood special education in China. Discusses classification and prevalence of special needs children, service delivery options, and early intervention programs. Examines curricula for special needs preschoolers, preparation of special educators, and parent involvement. Calls for increase in early…

  6. Revamping the Funding Formula for Special Education Programs in Taiwan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ho, Hsuan-fu; Chen, Pi-Yu

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the services required by students in special education programs and to estimate the cost of adequately funding special education in Taiwan. Questionnaires were administered to 300 special education teachers at the elementary school level to identify the services required. Thereafter, two focus group…

  7. Vermont's Act 230 and Special Education Funding and Cost Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vermont State Dept. of Education, Montpelier.

    This report uses text, graphs, and tables to show how Vermont's Act 230 (1990) is being implemented to reform both regular and special education. The Act's goals focus on reducing dependence on categorical programs such as special education and increasing support available to students not eligible for special education through such strategies as…

  8. Classic Articles in Special Education: An Exploratory Investigation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLeskey, James; Landers, Eric

    2006-01-01

    This exploratory investigation sought to identify classic articles from the general special education literature that were published between 1960 and 1989. Initially, widely cited articles that were published during this time in "Exceptional Children, Remedial and Special Education," and "The Journal of Special Education" were identified. Faculty…

  9. Special Education Funding Reform: A Review of Impact Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sigafoos, Jeff; Moore, Dennis; Brown, Don; Green, Vanessa A.; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Lancioni, Giulio E.

    2010-01-01

    Various models for funding special education services have been described in the literature. This paper aims at moving the debate concerning special education funding reform beyond the descriptive level by reviewing studies that investigated the impact of various models for funding special education. Systematic searches were conducted of ERIC and…

  10. Building Professional Partnerships: A Mentor Program for Special Education Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Broom, Holly

    This guide describes a teacher mentor program for special education teachers in the Saint Tammany Parish Public School System, Louisiana. The Special Education Mentor Program provides peer support and professional development opportunities for new special education teachers. The program is intended to give immediate as well as long-term support to…

  11. Conceptual Models and the Future of Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kauffman, James M.

    2007-01-01

    A medical model has advantages over a legal model in thinking about special education, especially in responding supportively to difference, meeting individual needs, and practicing prevention. The legal conceptual model now dominates thinking about special education, but a medical model promises a brighter future for special education and for…

  12. INTERMEDIATE SCHOOL DISTRICT--IMPLICATIONS FOR SPECIAL EDUCATION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VUILLEMOT, L.D.

    THE COMPOUNDING PROBLEMS OF A SPECIAL EDUCATION PROGRAM IN A SCHOOL DISTRICT OF LESS THAN 15,000 POPULATION ARE OUTLINED BY THE DIRECTOR OF SPECIAL EDUCATION IN AN INTERMEDIATE SCHOOL DISTRICT IN ILLINOIS. A VARIETY OF ADAPTIVE ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURES IS CONSIDERED. THE DEVELOPMENT SINCE 1959-60 OF THE SPECIAL EDUCATION DISTRICT WHICH NOW SERVES…

  13. Excellence through Special Education? Lessons from the Finnish School Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kivirauma, Joel; Ruoho, Kari

    2007-01-01

    The present article focuses on connections between part-time special education and the good results of Finnish students in PISA studies. After a brief summary of the comprehensive school system and special education in Finland, PISA results are analysed. The analysis shows that the relative amount of special education targeted at language problems…

  14. New Perspectives in Special Education: Contemporary Philosophical Debates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farrell, Michael

    2012-01-01

    This book should be read by everyone who wants to understand special education today. "New Perspectives in Special Education" opens the door to the fascinating and vitally important world of theory that informs contemporary special education. It examines theoretical and philosophical orientations such as "positivism", "poststructuralism" and…

  15. MCPS Special Education at a Glance 2011-2012

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Public Schools, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Montgomery County Public Schools (MCPS) "Special Education at a Glance," which includes a copy of the "Guide to Planning and Assessing School-Based Special Education Programs," provides in a single document, information about the special education population at each Montgomery County (Maryland) public school, including…

  16. MCPS Special Education at a Glance 2010-2011

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Public Schools, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Montgomery County Public Schools (MCPS) "Special Education at a Glance," which includes a copy of the "Guide to Planning and Assessing School-Based Special Education Programs," provides in a single document, information about the special education population at each Montgomery County (Maryland public school, including…

  17. MCPS Special Education at a Glance 2013-2014

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Public Schools, 2014

    2014-01-01

    Montgomery County Public Schools (MCPS) "Special Education at a Glance," which includes a copy of the "Guide to Planning and Assessing School-Based Special Education Programs," provides in a single document, information about the special education population at each Montgomery County public school, including enrollment,…

  18. MCPS Special Education at a Glance 2009-2010

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Public Schools, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Montgomery County Public Schools (MCPS) "Special Education at a Glance." which includes a copy of the "Guide to Planning and Assessing School-Based Special Education Programs." provides in a single document, information about the special education population at each Montgomery County (Maryland) public school, including…

  19. MCPS Special Education at a Glance 2008-2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Public Schools, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Montgomery County Public Schools (MCPS) "Special Education at a Glance," which includes a copy of the "Guide to Planning and Assessing School-Based Special Education Programs," provides in a single document, information about the special education population at each Montgomery County (Maryland) public school, including…

  20. MCPS Special Education at a Glance 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Public Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    Montgomery County Public Schools (MCPS) "Special Education at a Glance," which includes a copy of the "Guide to Planning and Assessing School-Based Special Education Programs," provides in a single document, information about the special education population at each Montgomery County (Maryland) public school, including…

  1. Parent Guide to Special Education Rights and Responsibilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    San Mateo County Office of Education, Redwood City, CA.

    Designed for parents of handicapped children, this brochure defines special education and the rights for available services and programs. It is divided into seven sections covering: (1) the definition of special education; (2) the types of agencies providing special education services; (3) parents' rights in the planning process for their child's…

  2. Teacher Perceptions of Disproportionality of Minorities in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Park, Kristy Henry

    2010-01-01

    The intent of this study was to determine if special education teachers had certain perceptions regarding the disproportionate amount of minorities in special education classes. I examined special education teachers' awareness of the disproportionality, their causal theories, and the effectiveness of Response to Intervention (RTI) to regulate…

  3. Demographic Variables Associated with Eligibility for Preschool Special Education Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferro, Pamela M.

    2012-01-01

    Many preschool children are affected by disabilities requiring intervention through Early Childhood Special Education (ECSE; Camilli, Vargas, Ryan, & Barnett, 2010). Such interventions can include speech therapy, occupational therapy, physical therapy, counseling, and special education. Earlier delivery of these special education services…

  4. MCPS Special Education at a Glance 2006-2007

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Public Schools, 2007

    2007-01-01

    Montgomery County Public Schools (MCPS) "Special Education at a Glance," which includes a copy of the "Guide to Planning and Assessing School-Based Special Education Programs," provides in a single document, information about the special education population at each Montgomery County (Maryland) public school, including…

  5. Special Education Experiences of Foster Children: An Empirical Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goerge, Robert M.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Compared the demographic characteristics of and the special education services received by Illinois children who are in both foster care and special education programs, with those of children in only one of these systems. Presents information on the handicaps of foster children served by the special education system. (SM)

  6. Supporting Novice Special Education Teachers through Quality Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tate, Mary E.

    2013-01-01

    The special education teaching environment is a teaching environment with unique duties that often challenge novice special education teachers. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to gain clarity of the work environment of special education teachers to uncover professional development practices that would work to support them. Research…

  7. Quality of Work Life: Perceptions of Jordanian Special Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Zboon, Eman K.; Al_Dababneh, Khuloud A. H.; Ahmad, Jamal

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the current study was to investigate the level of quality of work life QOWL of Jordanian special education teachers. Participants of the study were 133 special education teachers. Results showed that special education teachers cited average level of QOWL. Furthermore, teachers rated administrators' and colleagues' respect as the…

  8. Special Education Teachers' Nature of Science Instructional Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulvey, Bridget K.; Chiu, Jennifer L.; Ghosh, Rajlakshmi; Bell, Randy L.

    2016-01-01

    Special education teachers provide critical science instruction to students. However, little research investigates special education teacher beliefs and practices around science in general or the nature of science and inquiry in particular. This investigation is a cross-case analysis of four elementary special education teachers' initial…

  9. Mental Health and Special Educational Needs: Exploring a Complex Relationship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Richard; Howley, Marie; Fergusson, Ann; Jament, Johnson

    2009-01-01

    The relationship between mental health and special educational needs is both complex and misunderstood. In this article, Richard Rose, Professor of Special and Inclusive Education, Marie Howley, Senior Lecturer, Ann Fergusson, Senior Lecturer, and Johnson Jament, a PhD student, all from the Centre for Special Needs Education and Research directed…

  10. Special Education "Preparation Gap": Perceptions of the Western Region Special Education Advisers Concerning Pennsylvania's Special Education Competencies for School Leaders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conner, Matthew Richard

    2012-01-01

    This study determines the strengths and weaknesses of the Special Education Competencies for School Leaders framework as adopted by the Pennsylvania Department of Education. The perspectives of Special Education Advisers (individuals with significant experience in serving students with disabilities) are gathered through semi-structured interviews.…

  11. Caregivers' Experience during Their Children's Transition Process from Early Childhood Special Education Services to School-Aged Special Education Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hicks, Linda Yvonne

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates caregivers' perceptions of the transition process for children transitioning from Early Childhood Special Education (ECSE) to School Age Special Education services (SA). Interest in this topic developed during the researcher's 18 years of experience as an Itinerant Early Childhood Special Education Teacher during which she…

  12. The Effects of Special Education Category and Type of Training on Job Burnout in Special Education Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Banks, Steven R.; Necco, Edward G.

    1990-01-01

    This study of 181 special education teachers found that job burnout levels were related to special education category, training background, and teachers' age. The typical special educator "at risk" is a younger teacher with undergraduate training who teaches in a resource room or classroom for students with behavior disorders. (Author/JDD)

  13. Learning to Collaborate: General and Special Educators in Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pellegrino, Anthony; Weiss, Margaret; Regan, Kelley

    2015-01-01

    One of the foremost challenges for K-12 teachers is to provide relevant learning experiences in an environment of increasing accountability and student diversity. This balance is particularly consequential for students with disabilities who rely on special and general education teachers to ensure access to and success within the general…

  14. General Education and Special Education Teachers' Beliefs regarding Collaboration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kritikos, Effie Papoutsis; Birnbaum, Barry

    2003-01-01

    Interviews with 16 general special education teachers from the Chicago area were conducted in order to obtain information on their views and experiences with collaboration. An open-ended questionnaire consisting of nine items was utilized during the interviews, which required the participants to give multiple sentence responses to each question.…

  15. Minnesota Department of Education Special Education Primer for Charter Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota Department of Education, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this document is to provide information and resources on special education for charter school sponsors and charter school directors. This document is the result of collaborative input from individuals who work in and with charter schools in Minnesota. It also represents the collaborative efforts of the following divisions of the…

  16. Integrating Technology into Educating Preservice Special Education Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siegel, Janna; And Others

    1996-01-01

    Preservice special educators were introduced to computer-aided instruction and technology in their classes. In some cases, technology was discussed or demonstrated, while in others, students completed projects using computers. Pretesting and posttesting indicated that participation improved students' attitudes toward using computers in the…

  17. Restructuring Reform: Choice and Change in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rayner, Steve

    1994-01-01

    This British paper argues for a proactive approach to educational reform in the management of special education. Educational change is seen as both necessary and as an opportunity for renewal and for implementation of a revised definition of special educational need. (Author/DB)

  18. Special Education Teacher Attrition: Development of a Resource Manual for Understanding the Individualized Educational Plan Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quezada, Karina

    2013-01-01

    Beginning special education teachers have been shown to experience attrition at an increasing rate. The literature has identified many factors contributing to special education teachers leaving the profession. Some of those factors include lack of knowledge regarding special education laws, the special education referral process, individualized…

  19. Local Districts' Fiscal Contributions to Special Education in Texas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Avila, Linda

    Research has indicated that the quality and quantity of programs offered through special education are dictated by available funding rather than the needs of the handicapped students. To fill the lack of information on the amount of local funding made available for special education programming, on-site visits to interview special education…

  20. Special Education. A Program Evaluation Report. Report #97-03.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota State Office of the Legislative Auditor, St. Paul. Program Evaluation Div.

    This report presents findings of a state-wide evaluation of special education in Minnesota with emphasis on costs and the impact of state and federal regulations. Major findings indicated that the percentage of students receiving special education services has risen from 7.4 percent to 10.9 percent over the last two decades; special education…

  1. State Master Plan for Special Education in Oregon.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baldwin, Victor A.; And Others

    The State Master Plan for Special Education in Oregon is intended to assist school and district level personnel in their efforts to implement special education programs and services, to provide parents and special interest organizations with information about the rights of the handicapped and the programs and services available, and to assist…

  2. A Guide to Itinerant Early Childhood Special Education Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dinnebeil, Laurie A.; McInerney, William F.

    2011-01-01

    Itinerant special educators can be much more than "tutors" for young children with special needs. They can transform whole classrooms and help inclusion flourish--if they have the clear guidelines and best practices they need to make the most of their critical roles. This is the book that every itinerant early childhood special educator has been…

  3. Special Education Inclusion. Center for School Success Promising Practices Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Imbimbo, Josephine; Knopf, Naomi

    2009-01-01

    This publication focuses on special education inclusion. Inclusion is a term that expresses commitment to providing specially designed instruction and support for students with special needs in the context of a general education classroom. All students in the school are full members of the community, participating equitably in the opportunities…

  4. Exemplary Vocational Education Programs Serving Postsecondary Special Needs Populations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maddy-Bernstein, Carolyn; Burac, Zipura T.

    In 1989, the Technical Assistance for Special Populations Program (TASPP) developed a process to identify exemplary vocational education programs serving youth and adults with special needs. A national survey was conducted, with responses received from more than 350 professional vocational educators of special needs students in several states. In…

  5. Principal Leadership for Special Education: Perceptions of Principals and Directors of Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duncan, Angela Bost

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions of public school leaders about principal leadership for special education in ten leadership categories: understanding law and policy, using data to improve teacher performance, using data to improve student performance, creating an inclusive culture, collaborating with families,…

  6. Instructional Materials Thesaurus for Special Education, Second Edition. Special Education IMC/RMC Network.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oldsen, Carl F.; And Others

    The thesaurus delineates the standard terminology used to index and retrieve instructional materials for exceptional children in the Special Education Instructional Materials Center/Regional Media Centers Network. The thesaurus is presented in three formats: an alphabetical listing (word by word rather than letter by letter), a rotated index, and…

  7. Working in Special Education: Factors that Enhance Special Educators' Intent To Stay.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gersten, Russell; Keating, Thomas; Yovanoff, Paul; Harniss, Mark K.

    2001-01-01

    A study involving 887 urban special educators investigated factors that lead to attrition and retention and found several critical factors to consider to increase retention and commitment. A leading negative factor was stress due to job design. Perceived support by principals or other teachers helped alleviate this stress. (Contains references.)…

  8. What Can Computer Technology Offer Special Education? Research & Resources: Special Education Information for Policymakers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Conference of State Legislatures, Washington, DC.

    Intended for policymakers, this brief addresses issues related to computer technology and its contributions to special education. Trends are noted and three types of applications are considered: computer assisted instruction, computer managed instruction, and computer support activities. Descriptions of several computer applications in local and…

  9. Research on Special Education Needs: What and How to Investigate in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuentes, Antonio Rodriguez

    2005-01-01

    The following discourse seeks to characterize and to outline research from the field of Special Education. The research tradition in this field is ample, both at theoretical and especially practical levels, but unbalanced in terms of research and meta-research. Such an imbalance can be attributed to (among other possibilities) the lack of…

  10. Emerging Issues in Special Education Tort Liability: Implications for Special Educators and Teacher Trainers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McAfee, James K.

    1987-01-01

    Critical issues in tort liability that confront special educators and teacher trainers include malpractice (failure to learn), misdiagnosis, immunity, impact of a handicap on standard of care, confidentiality, access to emergency medical services, the use of aversive consequences, child abuse and corporal punishment, and school violence.…

  11. Developing Interactive Multimedia Modules To Train Rural Special Education Personnel.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ludlow, Barbara L.; Foshay, John D.; Duff, Michael C.

    Multimedia instructional materials represent an important resource for teacher education programs in special education. They enable prospective special educators to observe and study important aspects of professional practice without the time and expense of actual field experiences. Multimedia materials can be a form of anchored instruction or…

  12. Resource on Handicapped Conditions: Special Education Students in Georgia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Segraves, Chris; And Others

    Intended for physical education teachers, the booklet provides guidelines for services as identified under Georgia special education requirements. An initial section offers general guidelines for consideration of student placement in specially designed physical education programs. A following section describes regular and adapted physical…

  13. Personnel Recruitment and Retention in Special Education: Meeting the Challenge.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitworth, Jerry E.

    This paper was developed for the Illinois State Board of Education as part of a year long project to address the issue of personnel shortages in special education. Recommendations from a number of state committees and professional organizations were analyzed and additional input obtained from various professionals in regular and special education.…

  14. States Seek Federal Waivers to Cut Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Samuels, Christina A.

    2010-01-01

    At least three states have asked for permission to cut back on the money they provide districts for special education, under a built-in escape clause in the federal special education law that is aimed at financially struggling states. Iowa and Kansas have both been granted a waiver, which under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act…

  15. Bridging Two Worlds: Special Education and Curriculum Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Millar, Ruth; Morton, Missy

    2007-01-01

    In a report to the Aotearoa New Zealand Ministry of Education entitled "Curriculum Policy and Special Education Support" (2004), the team of writers noted the lack of collaboration between experts in these two fields. This paper explores the apparently separate worlds of special education and curriculum policy in order to develop an understanding…

  16. Special Educational Needs Tribunal--A New British Innovation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khan, Anwar N.; Bloomer, Sheila

    1997-01-01

    Dissatisfaction with the previous special-education appeals system led Britain to adopt the 1993 Education Act, which created the Special Needs Tribunal (SENT). The tribunal aims to provide consistency of treatment within and among local education authorities and to avoid the confusion caused by varying and inconsistent LEA policies and decisions.…

  17. Pathways to Leadership and Professional Development: Inspiring Novice Special Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaufman, Roberta C.; Ring, Mary

    2011-01-01

    Well-trained new special education teachers know that the individualized education program (IEP) team is the crux of the special education program. The IEP team addresses academic goals and behavior intervention plans for the student but rarely addresses in depth the social environment of the school, classroom, or family. Important aspects of the…

  18. Divorce and Special Education in Minnesota. PHP-c104

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    PACER Center, 2004

    2004-01-01

    When parents divorce, they sometimes have questions about which parent has rights in special education. The federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and Minnesota state special education laws and regulations clearly describe parental rights and the school district's duty to meet them. Most rights are unchanged by divorce. The…

  19. The Place of Love in the Special Religious Education Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chalwell, Kaye

    2016-01-01

    Special Religious Education is faith-based single tradition religious education taught in many Australian public schools by volunteer teachers who are adherents of the faith they are teaching. This paper derives from a qualitative study of the pedagogy of Christian Special Religious Education teachers that took place between 2010 and 2014. Love is…

  20. School Vouchers: Views from a Special Education Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Shannon S.

    2006-01-01

    The study of school choice for special education students brings together several important pieces of legislation which are separately the focus of high interest. This paper reviews the features of the three major special education bills (the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, section 504 of the Rehabilitation Acts, the Americans with…

  1. Special Education Report to the 63rd Legislature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montana Office of Public Instruction, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The Special Education Division of the Office of Public Instruction (OPI) provides many services to Montana schools to assist them in providing a quality education to all students. The programs managed through this division are all aligned with Superintendent Juneau's Graduation Matters Montana initiative. The special education division is…

  2. From Special to Inclusive Education in Macau (SAR)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forlin, Chris

    2011-01-01

    The education for learners with special education needs (SEN) in Macau (SAR), China, has gradually transitioned over the past 30 years from a completely segregated approach to a more inclusive one. Following a review of the development of special education and the transition towards inclusion in Macau, consideration is given to the enactment of…

  3. Why Is Integration in Early Childhood Special Education Beneficial?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Backus, Susan

    This study polled 35 early childhood educators pursuing master's degrees in early childhood special education or early intervention concerning the integration of typically-developing children with those who have special needs. A nine-item survey questionnaire was developed to assess the educators attitudes concerning the benefits of such…

  4. Education and Children with Special Needs: From Segregation to Inclusion.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hegarty, Seamus, Ed.; Alur, Mithu, Ed.

    This book presents 22 papers on principles and practices of special education within the context of present-day India and the Indian educational system. Papers arose out of a series of conferences held in India in 1997. The papers are: (1) "Education for the Disabled" (P. R. Dasgupta); (2) "Special Needs Policy in India" (Mithu Alur); (3) "Special…

  5. What Do the Experts Say about Urban Special Education Issues?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nevin, Ann, Ed.

    2005-01-01

    The participants in a special education doctoral seminar for Urban SEALS (Special Education Academic Leaders) interacted with 4 national experts in urban education to identify and resolve several issues. The participants examined issues in four general areas: factors that impact students with disabilities in urban settings; factors related to…

  6. Toward Ending Cultural and Cognitive Relativism in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kauffman, James M.; Sasso, Gary M.

    2006-01-01

    Postmodernism, by whatever label, is intellectually bankrupt. It cannot be reconciled with a scientific view. If taken seriously, it leads to catastrophic consequences for any field of study, including special education. It also leads to malpractice in special education. Whole language instruction, radical multicultural education, and facilitated…

  7. Response to Intervention: Investigating the New Role of Special Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cummings, Kelli D.; Atkins, Trent; Allison, Randy; Cole, Carl

    2008-01-01

    Special educators wear many different hats in our current educational system. Due to recent federal legislation, they may be required to wear a couple of new ones. This article provides a glimpse into past roles and begins to lay some groundwork for the future role of special educators in a Response to Intervention (RTI) context. This article (a)…

  8. Models for Coalitions in Special Education Teacher Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reynolds, Maynard C.

    The author identifies current trends and forces in special education, reviews models of special education teacher training, and proposes a model voluntary consortium model. The most dramatic development is seen to be the extension by the courts of appropriate education in the least restrictive environment to all handicapped children. Described and…

  9. Special Education in Transition: Functional Assessment and Noncategorical Programming.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reschly, Daniel J., Ed.; Tilly, W. David, III, Ed.; Grimes, Jeffrey P., Ed.

    This volume offers 12 readings which attempt to synthesize key ideas underlying a shift toward functional and noncategorical approaches to special education in light of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Amendments of 1997. The chapters are: (1) "Origins of Categorical Special Education Services in Schools and a Rationale for Changing…

  10. Teachers' Perceptions of Greek Special Education Policies and Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Kevin J.; Morfidi, Eleni; Soulis, Spyros

    2013-01-01

    Special education teachers and related service providers were interviewed for their perspectives on Greek special education policies and practices and how these influenced their job preparation and duties. Specifically, they were asked about the impact of the following on their jobs: Greek law related to the education of students with…

  11. The Role of Policy in the Development of Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kiarie, Mary W.

    2014-01-01

    In terms of the number of students served and the overall quality of special education services provided, it is clear that special education has, from its early beginnings in the late seventeenth century, advanced at various rates in the different countries of the world. Data from the United States Department of Education (2007) indicates that 12%…

  12. Special Education Instructional Programs. Program Evaluation 1990-91.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Des Moines Public Schools, IA. Dept. of Student Services.

    This 1990-91 program evaluation reports on the special education instructional programs of the Des Moines, Iowa, public schools which serve approximately 3,600 students daily and over 5,000 students per year with special education services as prescribed in their Individualized Education Plans. The three primary sources of program funding are: (1)…

  13. Elementary General and Special Education Teachers' Mathematics Skills and Efficacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flores, Margaret M.; Thornton, Jennifer; Franklin, Toni M.; Hinton, Vanessa M.; Strozier, Shaunita

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to extend the literature regarding elementary teachers' beliefs about mathematics instruction to include special education teachers by surveying special education and general education teachers' mathematics teaching efficacy. In addition, the researchers' surveyed teachers' mathematics skills. The participants (n =…

  14. Virtually Forgotten: Special Education Students in Cyber Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnahan, Chris; Fulton, Lacey

    2013-01-01

    The area of online K-12 education is experiencing rapid growth, yet practice has greatly surpassed the research. This article looks to add to the field by examining special education students enrolled in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. There were over 2600 students in the state that were identified as special education students and enrolled in…

  15. Refueling the STEM and Special Education Teacher Pipelines

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldhaber, Dan; Krieg, John; Theobald, Roddy; Brown, Nate

    2016-01-01

    Improving the quality of the teacher workforce is high on the nation's education policy agenda, but school systems continue to face difficulties in staffing STEM and special education classrooms with qualified teachers. This article documents the mismatch between the supply and demand of STEM and special education teachers in Washington State,…

  16. PULSE: A Collaborative Partnership between University and Local Special Educators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howard, Nancy A.; Norris, Maureen R.

    This paper describes a two-year full partnership between special education teacher educators from five regional institutions of higher education and six school districts. The purposes of the partnership are identified and include working collaboratively to address and improve services to learners with special needs and to respond to the problems…

  17. Engaging Students Regarding Special Needs in Technology and Engineering Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, David W.

    2015-01-01

    In 1984, James Buffer and Michael Scott produced the book "Special Needs Guide for Technology Education" (Buffer and Scott, 1984). This was a pivotal offering insofar as it set the stage for technology education educators, at the time, to think about and be provided with information regarding students with special needs in their…

  18. Financing Special Education: State Funding Formulas. inForum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahearn, Eileen

    2010-01-01

    The cost of educating students with disabilities and how to fund their services have been the subject of a number of studies since 1982 that were conducted by the National Association of State Directors of Special Education (NASDSE) and/or projects conducted by the American Institutes for Research's (AIR) Center for Special Education Finance…

  19. Special Education Services in Colorado Charter Schools: Surveying Perceptions of Charter School Administrators and Special Education Directors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scheffel, Debora L.

    This report discusses the outcomes of a study that surveyed charter school principals and special education directors in Colorado to determine their attitudes about charter school services for students with special needs, to determine how charter schools fund special education services, and to create a data-based foundation for making…

  20. Examining the Effectiveness of the Corrective Reading Program for Special Education and Non-Special Education Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCutcheon, Catherine A.

    2013-01-01

    The traditional classroom educational approach has been unsuccessful in helping special education and non-special education students who are not proficient readers. The problem addressed in this study was that a large number of American children are experiencing difficulty learning to read. One possible way to help students learn to read is…

  1. Meeting Inservice Teacher Education Needs Through Special Projects: Changing Curriculum for Exceptional Children and Special Education for Regular Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Richard E.; And Others

    Described are a Texas special education region's activities with the 3-year Project CCEC (Changing Curriculum for Exceptional Children) which provides training in the application of the theories of J. Piaget to the education of exceptional children, and with Project SERT (Special Education for Regular Teachers) which trains regular classroom…

  2. A Comparative Study of Administrator and Special Education Teacher Perceptions of Special Education Teacher Attrition and Retention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheldrake, Danielle Angelina

    2013-01-01

    This mixed methods study identifies perceived causes of and solutions to the attrition of special education teachers. Researchers have documented that special education teaching positions encounter higher attrition rates than their general education peers (Katsiyannis, Zhang, & Conroy in Olivarez & Arnold, 2006; Mitchell & Arnold,…

  3. Ecological Theory and Methods for Research in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Myrtle

    1980-01-01

    The author discusses the substantive and methodological contributions which several disciplines can make to naturalistic research in the field of special education and raises definitional issues. (Author)

  4. Excellence through Special Education? Lessons from the Finnish School Reform

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kivirauma, Joel; Ruoho, Kari

    2007-05-01

    The present article focuses on connections between part-time special education and the good results of Finnish students in PISA studies. After a brief summary of the comprehensive school system and special education in Finland, PISA results are analysed. The analysis shows that the relative amount of special education targeted at language problems is highest in Finland among those countries from which comparative statistics are available. The writers argue that this preventive language-oriented part-time special education is an important factor behind the good PISA results.

  5. The "postmodern" heresy in special education: a sociological analysis.

    PubMed

    Danforth, Scot

    2004-12-01

    The special education profession has witnessed a recent struggle between researchers who defend a positivistic approach to knowledge and practice and "postmodern" special educators who challenge that approach. In this analysis I utilize a sociological theory of heresy to examine the conflict between postmodern heresy and positivist orthodoxy. I also investigate the cultural model of the special education profession, a discursive definition of ideology and heresy, characteristics of heresy in an organization, and the presence of deep contradiction within agreement between orthodoxy and heresy. I conclude with an examination of the limitations of heresy theory and the democratic challenge facing the multiparadigmatic field of special education. PMID:15516176

  6. Emerging Areas of Inquiry: Special Education Teacher Induction. Induction Insights. Supporting Special Education Teachers - Teacher Educators [TEII-8

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center to Inform Policy and Practice in Special Education Professional Development, 2010

    2010-01-01

    General education induction has received substantial attention from policymakers, researchers, and school district practitioners. Yet, the literature base has been described as fragmented, with methodological problems that often make it difficult to draw clear implications. The special education induction literature base is even less developed.…

  7. Impact of the Kentucky Education Reform Act on Special Education Costs and Funding. State Analysis Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chambers, Jay G.; Duenas, Ixtlac E.

    This paper explores the impact of the Kentucky Education Reform Act (KERA) of 1990 on the funding and allocation of resources to special education. Overall, the results indicate that the revenues generated for the special education system by KERA are approximately equal to marginal costs of special education services statewide. However, there is…

  8. Professional Learning Communities: A Practice to Support the Induction and Retention of Novice Special Education Teachers. Induction Insights. Supporting Special Education Teachers - Teacher Educators [TEII-5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center to Inform Policy and Practice in Special Education Professional Development, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Collaboration among novice special education teachers and their general education colleagues can bolster the impact of induction programs for all novice teachers, including special education teachers. Strong, supportive collaborative structures also can influence novice special education teacher retention. A Professional Learning Community--the…

  9. A Role for Music Therapy in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daveson, Barbara; Edwards, Jane

    1998-01-01

    Reviews the literature on the role and application of music therapy in special education in an Australian context. Notes that music therapy in Australia is practiced in medical contexts, education contexts, and in private practice and community programs. (DB)

  10. Microcomputer Software: A New IT Network for Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fowler, Peter

    1989-01-01

    With the loss of central funding of Special Education Microelectronic Resource Centres in Britain, local educational authorities have developed a network of new centers that is centrally coordinated. Addresses and contact persons for the 14 centers are listed. (DB)

  11. Special Teaching for Special Children? Pedagogies for Inclusion. Inclusive Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Ann, Ed.; Norwich, Brahm, Ed.

    2004-01-01

    Some special needs groups (for example dyslexia) have argued strongly for the need for particular specialist approaches. In contrast, many proponents of inclusion have argued that "good teaching is good teaching for all" and that all children benefit from similar approaches. Both positions fail to scrutinise this issue rigorously and coherently,…

  12. Training Special Educators: Sustaining Professional Development in Special School Placements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peter, Melanie

    2013-01-01

    With the rapidly changing demographic due to survival rates from medical advances, the need to strengthen training on SEND is now recognised, and special school placements valued, having been previously marginalised within initial teacher training. Practices developed since 2008 at one university to support progression of trainees to gain advanced…

  13. Special Children, Special Care: Early Childhood Education for Children with Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield.

    This manual is a guide to recommended practices and procedures for meeting the special educational needs of young children with disabilities, especially those ages 3 through 5 in Illinois. Chapter 1 provides a brief history of national and Illinois state mandates in early childhood special education, notes the critical role of the family, and…

  14. A Phenomenological Exploration of the Lived Experience of Special Education Teachers Working with Special Needs Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keeler, Kristy M.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to increase understanding of the lived experiences of special education teachers. The Giorgi phenomenological model was utilized for this qualitative project. The study looked in detail at the lived experiences of five special education teachers actively working in Pennsylvania schools. Information gathered came from…

  15. Special Education Simulation and Consultation Project: Special Training Project. Final Report. Part I: Results and Learnings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Batten, Murray O.; Burello, Leonard C.

    Presented is the final report of the Special Education Simulation and Consultation (SECAC) Project designed to provide simulation-based inservice training to Michigan building principals. Part I reviews project goals, objectives, procedures, results, and learnings. It is explained that the training employed the Special Education Administrators…

  16. Special Education and the Juvenile Justice System. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burrell, Sue; Warboys, Loren

    This bulletin summarizes provisions of federal law as they pertain to special education and juvenile justice. It discusses provisions of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act 1997 including: the definition of disability; free appropriate public education; identification, referral, and evaluation; the individualized education program…

  17. Special Physical Education: Adapted, Individualized, Developmental. Seventh Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunn, John M.

    This text on physical education for children and adolescents with disabilities attempts to bring together current research findings and best educational practices from the fields of adapted physical education, special education, psychology, medicine, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and therapeutic recreation. The book is organized into…

  18. Is a Sociology of Special and Inclusive Education Possible?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomlinson, Sally

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the expansion of education systems that now, following international declarations, are expected to offer an "Education for All" to children, young people and adults. Since in these declarations special education and inclusive education are conjoined, sociological questions can be asked as to what sort of social…

  19. Retention in Special Education Teachers in Georgia: A Phenomenological Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Arndra N.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative study using a phenomenological approach was to identify and examine factors influencing the retention rate of special education teachers in rural and urban schools in middle Georgia. Provided in this study are factors that are related to retention in special education teachers. Semistructured interviews were used to…

  20. Special Educators and Mathematics Phobia: An Initial Qualitative Investigation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Humphrey, Michael; Hourcade, Jack J.

    2010-01-01

    Special educators are uniquely challenged to be content experts in all curricular areas, including mathematics, because students in their caseloads may require academic instruction in any area. However, special educators with math phobia may be limited in their ability to provide effective instruction to their students with mathematical deficits…

  1. School Accountability Reforms and the Use of Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iversen, Jon Marius Vaag

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyses the relationship between Norwegian school reform implementation and the use of special education. After the introduction of the national reform programme called the "Kunnskapsloftet" ("Knowledge promotion") in 2006, the use of special education has increased dramatically in Norway. As part of the national reform, municipalities…

  2. How We Might Achieve the Radical Reform of Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kauffman, James M.

    1993-01-01

    Special education faces three tasks created by pressures toward change: (1) keeping the issue of physical place in perspective, (2) choosing idea over image, and (3) avoiding fanaticism. Achievement of substantive reform calls for disaggregating special education populations, elaborating conceptual foundations, and strengthening the empirical…

  3. A Review of Special Education in British Columbia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siegel, Linda; Ladyman, Stewart

    This report presents findings of a special team to review special education policy, its implementation, accountability, and program effectiveness in British Columbia. The team identified a set of issues to address including: inclusion/integration, parental involvement, assessment, Individual Education Plans, evaluation, transitions, employees who…

  4. Comparison of Traditional versus Alternative Preparation of Special Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robertson, Janna Siegel; Singleton, Jacques D.

    2010-01-01

    The shortage of special education teachers has prompted the creation of alternative certification programs. The effectiveness of the University of Memphis's (U of M's) 14-year-old alternative Special Education Institute program in preparing teachers to teach and remain in the field was examined. The program was compared to the U of M's traditional…

  5. Masters of Weaving: The Complex Role of Special Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hillel Lavian, Rivka

    2015-01-01

    Special education teachers work under more difficult, more intense, and more demanding conditions than mainstream teachers. Relations between teachers, pupils, and parents are more complex than in mainstream education due to the intensity, intimacy, vulnerability, and commitment involved. Teachers require special skills so they can practice…

  6. State Special Education Finance Systems, 1992-93.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Reilly, Fran

    This report which describes state systems for financing special education programs for school-age children with disabilities, is based on a is based on a national survey of state directors of special education during the 1992-93 school year. Emphasis is on determining state funding formulas, recognizing that many states are currently in various…

  7. Teacher Preparation for Early Childhood: Special Education in Taiwan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ho, Hua-Kuo

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is intended to present the current model of teacher preparation for early childhood special education in Taiwan. Documentary analysis was conducted in the study to collect and analyze the obtained data. The main features of teacher preparation policies for early childhood special education in Taiwan could be summarized…

  8. Analysis of Special Education Tribunal Outcomes Using Luhmann's Systems Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valeo, Angela; Underwood, Kathryn

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines Special Education Tribunals, in Ontario, Canada through a Luhmannian theoretical lens. At total of 58 Special Education Tribunal summary hearings were analyzed using the constant comparative method through NVivo software. The results revealed that these Tribunals appear to favour the assessment testimony of teachers and other…

  9. Preservice Training of Senior Citizens as Special Education Volunteers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lyon, Philip E.; And Others

    A proposed 3-year project in Albany, New York will train 90 senior citizen volunteers to work in rural special education classrooms and with handicapped children and their parents in the children's homes. The project goal is the creation of a network of training systems and personnel to assist schools in improving special education services.…

  10. Burnout among Special Education Administrators: A Preliminary Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, Susan J.

    2011-01-01

    Research on the extent of stress and burnout among special education administrators is not as well developed as research on the extent of stress and burnout among teachers. This study utilized the Maslach Burnout Inventory to determine levels of stress and burnout among administrators of special education. Results indicated administrators of…

  11. Academy Breaks the Isolation of Special Education Directors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WestEd, 2014

    2014-01-01

    Most special education administrators do not get the chance to network regularly with professional peers to discuss job challenges and strategies. School-district special education directors routinely juggle complex, difficult, time-consuming, and emotion-laden job demands, but when things get tough, they usually find themselves solving problems…

  12. State Plan for Special Education. Effective May 1, 1984.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kansas State Dept. of Education, Topeka.

    The state plan outlines aspects of special education in Kansas. The initial section provides background information and outlines the needs in teaching positions (both professional and paraprofessional) and in the numbers of students receiving special education. The second section addresses the following state department operations: administration…

  13. Preparing Rural Special Educators Using Distance Learning Technologies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gamble, Linda

    This report characterizes the problem of shortage of qualified special educators in rural schools and describes the Rural Special Educator Project developed to address this problem in Maine. The traditional model demanding that individuals wishing to broaden their skills must leave their community to receive training works in direct opposition to…

  14. What Does "Highly Qualified" Mean for Urban Special Educators?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shealey, Monika Williams; McHatton, Patricia Alvarez; Farmer, Jennie

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the authors discuss the context of urban special education and the complexities of meeting the demands of standards-based reform in urban settings. The study presented highlights the voices of urban special educators in two large urban school districts as they navigate meeting the demands of teaching students with disabilities,…

  15. Special Education in Canada: Past, Present and Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodder, Clive

    The paper reviews the history and present status of special education in Canada (with particular emphasis on the province of Ontario) and identifies recommended future directions. The legislative authority for special education and current policies are summarized in sections on the following provinces: British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan,…

  16. External Mentoring Support for Early Career Special Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dempsey, Ian; Christenson-Foggett, Judith

    2011-01-01

    The special education teaching profession has experienced longstanding problems with shortages of qualified teaching staff and with high turnover rates of these staff. A variety of issues are related to these problems, including the nature of the support that early career special education teachers receive. In this case study research, the use of…

  17. Native American Students in North Dakota Special Education Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Dakota Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights.

    Based on background research and information submitted at a public hearing in Bismarck, North Dakota, on December 13, 1991, this report addresses the extent to which Native American students are treated equally in North Dakota special education programs. It was found that in some schools and special education units, Native American students in…

  18. Special Education: A Challenge for the 80's.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapey, Geraldine

    The special education referral-placement phenomenon has reached crisis proportions in New York City. Problems affecting effectiveness of approaches include: inadequate state and federal funding; fragmented decision making; lack of uniform terminology and standardized criteria for special education; lack of training, support services, and resources…

  19. An Action-Oriented Research Approach to Privatized Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mendoza, Kathryn

    2014-01-01

    Bright Horizons, a private school located in Florida, specializes in working with students of varying exceptionalities and is founded on the principles of action research. It began as an effort to create an alternative educational opportunity for a few specific children and grew into a special education school open to the community. The purpose of…

  20. Rules Relaxed on Budget Cuts to Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shah, Nirvi

    2011-01-01

    The author reports on controversial new guidance issued by the federal government which will allow districts to make permanent cuts in special education spending. In the past, federal law was interpreted to mean that once a district set its special education budget, it could not be reduced permanently except for very specific reasons. The…

  1. Special Education in East Germany under Communist Domination.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sengstock, Wayne L.; Ruttgardt, Sieglind Ellger

    1995-01-01

    This article describes the development of special education in East Germany from the close of World War II through the cold war period, and examines the problems and challenges currently facing special education in a reunified Germany. These include a lack of infrastructure, economic needs, staffing problems, and needed curriculum changes. (DB)

  2. A Study of Special Education Directors in Minnesota.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weatherman, Richard; Harpaz, Itzhak

    This study undertook a systematic analysis of the position of special education director in Minnesota. Position analysis allows for a detailed cross-section analysis of a position in terms of authority and responsibility within an organization. The current study was conducted to determine the special education director's current operations tasks,…

  3. Problems Faced by Preservice Special Education Teachers in Jordan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Hiary, Ghaleb M.; Almakanin, Hisham A.; Tabbal, Suha A.

    2015-01-01

    One of the most important factors in the success of educating children with special needs is the quality of the special education teacher. While teachers are responsible for a plethora of duties, it is important that teacher preparation programs provide adequate training to ensure teachers are well prepared for the teaching profession. However,…

  4. Nevada Mediation System for Early Intervention and Special Education. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nevada State Dept. of Education, Carson City. Special Education Branch.

    This guide to the Nevada Mediation System for Early Intervention and Special Education is intended to assist families, school districts, and state agencies in resolving disputes regarding the provision of appropriate early intervention or special education and related services to children with disabilities. First, the mediation process is…

  5. Toward More Integrated Special Education Funding and Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Verstegen, Deborah A.; McLaughlin, Margaret J.

    1995-01-01

    This newsletter theme issue presents two separate articles: (1) "Toward More Integrated Special Education Funding and Services: A Federal Perspective" (Deborah A. Verstegen) and (2) "Toward More Integrated Special Education Funding and Services: A Local Perspective" (Margaret J. McLaughlin). The first article discusses results of a study of the…

  6. Landmark Court Decisions Challenge State Special Education Funding.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Verstegen, Deborah A.

    1998-01-01

    This brief provides an overview of three recent state court cases in Alabama, Wyoming, and Ohio that uniquely address the constitutionality of state special education finance systems. In each case, the courts found the special education finance systems to be unconstitutional due to inequitable or inadequate funding for children with disabilities.…

  7. The Marketplace: Report on Technology in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Behrmann, June, Ed.; Lahm, Elizabeth A., Ed.

    1988-01-01

    Three reports on technology in special education identify major trends, describe availability and characteristics of adaptive hardware, and report on special education costs and demographic data. The first report notes the continuing interest of the Federal Government in technology, the changing federal policy toward hardware acquisition, and such…

  8. The "Postmodern" Heresy in Special Education: A Sociological Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Danforth, Scot

    2004-01-01

    The special education profession has witnessed a recent struggle between researchers who defend a positivistic approach to knowledge and practice and "postmodern" special educators who challenge that approach. In this analysis I utilize a sociological theory of heresy to examine the conflict between postmodern heresy and positivist orthodoxy. I…

  9. Single-Subject Designs in Special Education: Advantages and Limitations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alnahdi, Ghaleb H.

    2015-01-01

    Single-subject designs provide the special education field with an alternative to group designs. The purpose of this paper is to introduce the topic of single-subject designs by providing an overview of the relevant literature and a discussion of the major issues and applications of these designs in the field of special education. This paper is…

  10. The Team Concept in Special Education. CASE Information Dissemination Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Janice M.

    This information packet for special education administrators addresses the team concept as a means of providing special education services at the local school level to mainstreamed students with mild handicaps and provides examples of such programs. In the first three sections, major purposes and goals of teams are reviewed, including provision of…

  11. Case Studies in Special Education: Cuba, Japan, Kenya, Sweden.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Japanese National Commission for UNESCO, Tokyo.

    Collected is information provided by Cuba, Japan, Kenya, and Sweden on the historical background, the present situation, and the future outlook of their systems of special education. Introductory comments compare the national systems in terms of historical developments, arrangements for identifying the handicapped, special educational provisions,…

  12. The Impending Shortage of Special Education Faculty: A Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, D. D.; Young, C.; Montrosse, B.; Tyler, N. C.; Robb, S. M.

    2011-01-01

    This document highlights the major findings of a four-year study about the supply and demand of special education college and university faculty. The Special Education Faculty Needs Assessment (SEFNA) project concluded its data collection efforts in July of 2011. This national study continued the work of previous efforts that found the shortage of…

  13. Time Use by Special Educators and How It Is Valued

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franz, Dana Pomykal; Vannest, Kimberly J.; Parker, Richard I.; Hasbrouck, Jan E.; Dyer, Nicole; Davis, John L.

    2008-01-01

    Recent federal legislation is affecting how special educators assess students, select curricula, document growth, teach, and consult--in short, how they spend their time during a school day. This study empirically measured special educators' use of time over the course of several weeks. It compared actual time use with its perceived value by both…

  14. Special Education and Student Services in Oregon. 1994 Status Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Almond, Patricia, Ed.

    This report on special education services in Oregon provides a statement of what has been accomplished and a baseline measure for use in gauging future progress. It offers a long range plan for special education, focusing on secondary and transition programs, severe emotional disturbance, low incidence populations, family involvement, the talented…

  15. Teacher Efficacy of Alternative and Traditionally Certified Special Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Sean Michael

    2012-01-01

    A teacher shortage in the area of special education has led to an increase in the number of alternatively certified special education teachers. Many alternative certification programs focus on content knowledge rather than pedagogical training, allowing many alternatively certified teachers into the classroom with little pedagogical training.…

  16. Special Education Spending on Preschool Students with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perez, Maria; Chambers, Jay G.; Knudson, Joel

    2005-01-01

    Although special education services for children age three through five have been part of the IDEA mandate for nearly 20 years, until recently relatively little attention has been given to the expenditures related to these programs and to what these funds buy in terms of the mix of general and special education classroom and related services.…

  17. The Development and Current Status of Special Education in Nicaragua.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miron, Gary

    1995-01-01

    Maintains that economic pressure and military incursions supported by the United States have resulted in draconian cuts in special education services in Nicaragua. Prior to 1979, special education was extremely expensive. A UNICEF program, financed by the Swedish government, provides limited but effective support. (MJP)

  18. Successful Collaboration: Four Essential Traits of Effective Special Education Specialists

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eccleston, Stuart T.

    2010-01-01

    Successful inclusion is directly related to collaboration success between the special education specialist and the general classroom teacher. The role of the special educator has undergone steady change ever since students with exceptionalities were intentionally included in regular classrooms. This role now requires effective collaborative…

  19. Dispute Resolution in Special Education: An Introduction to Litigation Alternatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldberg, Steven S.; Huefner, Dixie Snow

    1995-01-01

    Reviews the advantages and disadvantages of common methods of conflict resolution used in special-education disputes. Argues that "principled negotiation" has been underutilized at the early phase of special-education disputes and shows promise as a means of settling many disputes without the need for mediation or adversarial processes. (46…

  20. Measuring Rater Reliability on a Special Education Observation Tool

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Semmelroth, Carrie Lisa; Johnson, Evelyn

    2014-01-01

    This study used generalizability theory to measure reliability on the Recognizing Effective Special Education Teachers (RESET) observation tool designed to evaluate special education teacher effectiveness. At the time of this study, the RESET tool included three evidence-based instructional practices (direct, explicit instruction; whole-group…

  1. Fundamental Attributes of Exemplary State Special Education Dispute Resolution Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Appropriate Dispute Resolution in Special Education (CADRE), 2013

    2013-01-01

    Between Fall 2008 and Summer 2010, the Center for Appropriate Dispute Resolution in Special Education (CADRE) analyzed state special education dispute resolution systems and their components, with the objective of identifying particularly effective systems and creating a resource that other states could draw on when considering improvement…

  2. Recovery of Expert Fees in Special Education Due Process Hearings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yell, Mitchell L.; Katsiyannis, Antonis; Ryan, Joseph B.; McDuffie, Kimberly

    2008-01-01

    The U.S. Supreme Court issued three rulings in special education cases during the past 2 years. Considering that in the previous 25 years, the high court had issued only 14 rulings, these three decisions represent a significant increase in the special education cases heard by the Court. These important rulings all addressed parental rights in due…

  3. Special Education Services: A Manual of Policies, Procedures and Guidelines

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    British Columbia Ministry of Education, 2013

    2013-01-01

    This resource conveys policies, procedures, and guidelines that support the delivery of special education services in British Columbia's (Canada) public schools. It was originally published in 1995 (ED414703), following an extensive provincial Special Education Review (1993-94). The purpose of this manual is to provide a single point of reference…

  4. Special Education in Early Childhood. A Burning Issues Series Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    San Diego County Office of Education, CA.

    The National Preschool Coordination Project's (NPCP) Interstate Coordination Committee identified problems in finding and providing special education services for preschool migrant children. They propose training for parents and migrant staff and coordination among agencies to improve services. The NPCP Subcommittee on Special Education identified…

  5. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Distributive Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on distributive services is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handcapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach…

  6. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Packaging.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on packaging is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach job-required…

  7. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Building Trades.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on building trades is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach job-required…

  8. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Automotive Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on automotive maintenance is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach…

  9. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Floriculture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on floriculture is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach job-required…

  10. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Mechanical Assembly.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on mechanical assembly is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education for the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach…

  11. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Building Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on building maintenance is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach…

  12. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Body & Fender Repair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on body and fender repair is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education for the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach…

  13. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Office Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on office services is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach job-required…

  14. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Ornamental Horticulture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on ornamental horticulture is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach…

  15. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Electronic Assembly.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on electronic assembly is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach…

  16. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Graphics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on graphics is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach job-required…

  17. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Wood Products Assembly.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on wood products assembly is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach…

  18. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Food Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on food services is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach job-required…

  19. The Use of Service-Learning among Special Education Faculty

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neeper, Lance S.; Dymond, Stacy K.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe the use of service-learning (SL) by special education faculty at 4-year colleges and universities across the United States, and to determine faculty attitudes and beliefs about the application of SL in special education. Participants included faculty with experience in SL teaching and/or research in…

  20. Functional and Noncategorical Identification and Intervention in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reschly, Daniel J., Ed.; Tilly, W. David, III, Ed.; Grimes, Jeffrey P., Ed.

    This volume presents 12 papers that address the increasing shift toward functional and noncategorical approaches to special education. The papers are: (1) "Origins of Categorical Special Education Services in Schools and a Rationale for Changing Them" (Jim Ysseldyke and Doug Marston); (2) "Reform Trends and System Design Alternatives" (Dan Reschly…

  1. Personalizing Research: Special Educators' Awareness of Evidence-Based Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guckert, Mary; Mastropieri, Margo A.; Scruggs, Thomas E.

    2016-01-01

    Although evidence-based practices are considered critical to student success, a research-to-practice gap exists. This qualitative study examined practicing special education teachers' perceptions of their use of evidence-based practices. Special education teachers were interviewed and their classroom practices examined. Major themes emerged and…

  2. Hispanic Representation in Special Education: Patterns and Implications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guiberson, Mark

    2009-01-01

    The inaccurate placement of minority students in special education programs can take various forms including overrepresentation, underrepresentation, and misidentification. First, overrepresentation occurs when the percentage of minority students in special education programs is greater than that in the school population as a whole. Second,…

  3. General Education Students' Changing Perceptions of Students with Special Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Novak, Ashley D.; Bartelheim, Frederick J.

    2012-01-01

    Schools are becoming more inclusive and more students with special needs are accessing general education classrooms than ever. This action research study investigated general education students changing perceptions of students with special needs through the use of various interventions (e.g., classroom discussions, organized games, buddy reads,…

  4. Ideas for Integrating the Microcomputer with Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pollard, Jim, Ed.

    This publication contains six presentations on using microcomputers in special education, submitted by special education teachers at informal information sharing sessions. The first is a lesson plan involving pre-computer activities that prepare preschool developmentally delayed children for using a computer keyboard. Finger isolation and…

  5. Building Parent Trust in the Special Education Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wellner, Laurie

    2012-01-01

    If trust is born in strong relationships, then first encounters are critical. Parents of students with disabilities undergo a great deal of stress and come to educational professionals for help with vital specialized tasks, including assessment, placement, progress monitoring, and maintenance of their child's ongoing needs. Special education is a…

  6. Measuring Time: The Stability of Special Education Teacher Time Use

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vannest, Kimberly J.; Parker, Richard I.

    2010-01-01

    Instructional time use is an intervention without equal. The measure of such has clear and important implications for special education practice and research. Although exhortations to maximize instruction and thereby student engagement exist throughout the literature, few studies discuss how special education teachers use their time, and none…

  7. Charter Schools as Leverage for Special Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chang, Tommy

    2014-01-01

    Few studies have examined the intersection of charter school and special education policies. The concerns around the serving of special education students in charter schools must be carefully studied, especially as charter schools continue to grow in numbers and continue to serve a greater percentage of public school students. New policies must…

  8. Quality Special Education Programs: The Role of Transformational Leadership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clinton, Demi

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative study was to determine whether or not a relationship existed between principals who demonstrate transformational leadership traits and six different quality practices in their special education program. Effective principals must know and understand special education laws, practices, and current issues, but evidence…

  9. Does Special Education Improve Preschoolers' Academic Skills? Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Amanda L.; Field, Samuel

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated associations between enrollment in preschool special education and school readiness skills for children with mild to moderate delays. Findings indicated that on average, children who received preschool special education services had lower scores in reading and math in kindergarten than similar children who did not receive…

  10. Examining Greek Special Education Teachers' Individual and Collaborative Teaching Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morfidi, Eleni; Samaras, Anastasia P.

    2015-01-01

    In this exploratory study, the authors examine Greek special education teachers' individual and collaborative teaching experiences in the context of their literacy instruction. The Five Foci Framework, situated in Vygotskian theory, is utilized in the study's design to examine special education teachers' individual and collaborative experiences…

  11. Evaluating a Special Education Training Programme in Nicaragua

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delkamiller, Julie; Swain, Kristine D.; Ritzman, Mitzi J.; Leader-Janssen, Elizabeth M.

    2016-01-01

    This study examined a two-year special education and inclusive practices in-service training programme with a university in Nicaragua. Participants included 14 teachers from nine schools in Nicaragua. Participants' knowledge of special education concepts were evaluated as part of assessing the training modules. In addition, programme evaluation…

  12. Closing Reflections: Public Policy, Advocacy, and Special Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West, Jane E.; Shepherd, Katharine G.

    2016-01-01

    When the Higher Education Consortium for Special Education (HECSE) convened in January 2016 in Washington, we celebrated both IDEA's and HECSE's 40th anniversaries. As we reflected on those two anniversaries, the convictions that generated this special issue became increasingly evident: the irrevocable significance of the impact of public policy…

  13. Childhood Placement in Special Education and Adult Well-Being

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chesmore, Ashley A.; Ou, Suh-Ruu; Reynolds, Arthur J.

    2016-01-01

    The present study investigates the relationship between childhood placement in special education and adult well-being among 1,377 low-income, minority children participating in the Chicago Longitudinal Study. Roughly 16% of the sample received special education services in Grades 1 to 8. After accounting for sociodemographic factors and early…

  14. [Principal's Training Simulator in Special Education. Instructor's Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burello, Leonard C.; And Others

    This instructor's packet on collaborative leadership development in special education presents the Principal's Training Simulator in Special Education (PTSSE), designed to provide an orientation to typical situations facing local school district administrators, consideration of major issues in programming for exceptional children, practice in…

  15. Exemplary Career/Vocational Education Programs for Special Populations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wermuth, Thomas R.; Maddy-Bernstein, Carolyn

    The Technical Assistance for Special Populations Program of the National Center for Research in Vocational Education (University of Illinois site) undertook a national survey of professionals in vocational education for special needs students to determine how they identify effective programs. Of 500 questionnaires distributed, 366 were returned.…

  16. Replication of Special Education Research: Necessary but Far Too Rare

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Makel, Matthew C.; Plucker, Jonathan A.; Freeman, Jennifer; Lombardi, Allison; Simonsen, Brandi; Coyne, Michael

    2016-01-01

    Increased calls for rigor in special education have often revolved around the use of experimental research design. However, the replicability of research results is also a central tenet to the scientific research process. To assess the prevalence, success rate, and authorship history of replications in special education, we investigated the…

  17. Restrictiveness and Race in Special Education: Practicalizing the Laws

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Obiakor, Festus; Beachum, Floyd D.; Harris, Mateba

    2005-01-01

    This article is a response to Fierros and Blomberg's article on "Restrictions and Race in Special Education Placements in For-Profit and Non-Profit Charter Schools in California." It compliments these scholars for confirming through their findings that ethnically diverse students with special education needs endure segregationist policies in…

  18. Special Education of Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Popova, Svetlana; Lange, Shannon; Burd, Larry; Nam, Seungree; Rehm, Jürgen

    2016-01-01

    The current study aimed to estimate the cost associated with special education among children (5 to 14 years) with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in elementary and middle school by sex, age group, and province and territory in Canada. It was estimated that there were 6,520 students with FASD receiving special education in Canada in…

  19. Review of the Present Situation of Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

    The review of special education worldwide is based on questionnaire replies of appropriate ministries in 58 United Nations member states during 1986-87. The first part of the review consists of a summary and analysis of data collected concerning such aspects of special education as policy, legislation, administration and organization, special…

  20. Resources for Special Library Collection Development in Educational Advising.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riedinger, Edward A.

    1995-01-01

    Indicates ways in which resources for educational advising as a special library operation can be systematically developed. Six groups of advising resources, both print and nonprint, are included: college and university guides and directories, background or support works for American higher education, specialized guides and directories, guides…

  1. Special Education Teacher Retention: An Examination of Selected Veteran Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hogan, Andrea E.

    2012-01-01

    Special Education Teacher Retention: An Examination of Selected Veteran Teachers is a qualitative study that examined what prompted veteran special education teachers to continue in the critical shortage fields even though they contend with challenging situations that have been a deterrent for others to remain in the classroom (e.g. Nelson, 2001).…

  2. Where Are All the Black Male Special Education Teachers?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, LaRon A.

    2016-01-01

    The under-representation of Black male teachers in special education has significant consequences. Historically, Black males account for the disproportionately high number of children served in K-12 special education programs (Talbert-Johnson, 2001). Often, the children are evaluated using racially-biased assessments (Cartledge & Duke, 2008).…

  3. Leadership of South Carolina's High School Special Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slatton, Sarah

    2011-01-01

    For many years special education was not a priority for principals because most special needs children did not attend public school or were not identified as having a disability. However, recent changes in federal and state education legislation require that all public schools show growth in student academic achievement for all children, including…

  4. Preparing Special Education Research Articles in APA Style.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Algozzine, Bob; Spooner, Fred; Karvonen, Meagan

    2002-01-01

    This article addresses key considerations in preparing special education research articles for submission to professional journals in which the preferred style guide is the "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association." The guidelines are drawn from special education literature, from editors, and from authors experienced in…

  5. Back-to-School Special Education Technology Resource Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edyburn, Dave L., Ed.

    1990-01-01

    This newsletter special issue provides a compendium of information, strategies, and resources concerning the use of technology by individuals with special needs. A section on strategies for the effective use of technology contains the following papers: "A Philosophy for the Use of Technology in Special Education" (A. Edward Blackhurst and Margaret…

  6. Inclusion of Special Education Students: Regular Education and Special Education Teachers Perceptions in a Northside School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Ernest E.

    2008-01-01

    In 1990 the Congress of the United States passed Public Law 101-476, The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). This law mandated that students with disabilities be educated in, what this act calls, the Least Restrictive Environment (LRE). Educating students with disabilities in the LRE is also known as inclusion and the terms may be…

  7. Individualized Education Program (IEP) Planning Guide for Special Education Students Entering High School Vocational Education Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burrell, Lewis P.

    This guide is designed to assist school program planners who are working with mainstreamed special education students in vocational education programs. The guide, covering grades 11 and 12, contains vocational program goals, objectives, and evaluation measures for 30 secondary vocational education programs in 15 curriculum areas, as well as for…

  8. Senior High School Special Education Course of Study. A Project Designed to Establish Special Education Course of Study Parameters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Werner, Nancy; And Others

    Intended for Iowa special education teachers, the document contains a model senior high school special education course of study which emphasizes survival skills and the affective needs of students. Following an introductory section, on the course of study's rationale, are four color coded sections each addressing a specific population/educational…

  9. Special Education--Non-Special Education Achievement Gap in Math: Effects of Reporting Methods, Analytical Techniques, and Reclassification

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thurlow, Martha L.; Wu, Yi-Chen; Lazarus, Sheryl S.; Ysseldyke, James E.

    2016-01-01

    Federal regulations indicate that the achievement gap must be closed between subgroups, including the gap between special education and non-special education students. We explored the ways in which achievement trends are influenced by three methods of reporting (cross-sectional, cohort-static, and cohort-dynamic). We also investigated (a) the ways…

  10. Characteristics, Predictors, and Growth Trajectories of Children Who Exit Special Education Compared to Their General and Special Education Peers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dragoo, Kyrie Elizabeth

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the characteristics and predictive factors for children receiving special education services, and if they received special education services, factors associated with them discontinuing those services before eighth grade. In addition, a second purpose was to determine whether there are differences in the…

  11. When School Isn't Special: A Call for Reform of Special Education in Baltimore City Public Schools. A Report by Students First.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mintz, Mindy S.; Cuffie, Kevin L.

    This report critically examines special education in Baltimore (Maryland) public schools and proposes major reform of Baltimore's special education system. Criticisms focus on: poor instructional quality (there is little "special" about special education); segregation of special education students from regular education; special education used as…

  12. Vocational Education Success Stories: Serving Special Populations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Council on Vocational Education, Springfield.

    This publication reports on the Illinois Council on Vocational Education's (ICoVE) recognition program. The program was designed to (1) commend achievement in vocational education; (2) collect information about vocational education and evaluate its success; (3) provide a resource guide of successful vocational education programs and activities;…

  13. Texas Study of Personnel Needs in Special Education. Executive Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caranikas-Walker, Fanny; Shapley, Kelly S.; Cordeau, Molly

    2006-01-01

    This study supports efforts by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) to foster greater state accountability and establish data-driven planning and self-assessment processes that help states and schools to address provisions of the recently enacted Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act…

  14. Special Education Funding in New Jersey: A Policy Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kolbe, Tammy; McLaughlin, Margaret J.; Mason, Loretta M.

    2007-01-01

    The Education Law Center (ELC) sought an independent review of special education funding in New Jersey as part of a larger group of studies intended to critique the cost study conducted by Augenblick and Palaich and Associates (APA) and the New Jersey Department of Education (NJDOE) and inform the ongoing public debate. In doing so, ELC recognized…

  15. New Jersey Primer on Special Education & Charter Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New Jersey Department of Education, 2013

    2013-01-01

    This document has been developed by the New Jersey Department of Education with the assistance of the TA Customizer Project funded by the U.S. Department of Education Charter Schools Program (CSP) and conducted by the National Association of State Directors of Special Education (NASDSE). Its focus is on providing information and technical…

  16. Special Education Report to the 2005 Montana Legislature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montana Office of Public Instruction, 2005

    2005-01-01

    The Annual Performance Report (APR) for Grant Year July 1, 2002, through June 30, 2003, was submitted to the U.S. Department of Education in accordance with the requirements of the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP). The OSEP designed the APR to serve as a state?s self-assessment and improvement planning…

  17. Texas Study of Personnel Needs in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caranikas-Walker, Fanny; Shapley, Kelly S.; Cordeau, Molly

    2006-01-01

    This study supports efforts by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) to foster greater state accountability and establish data-driven planning and self-assessment processes that help states and schools to address provisions of the recently enacted Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act…

  18. Homeless and Special Education Administrative Collaboration: Recommendations. Policy Forum Proceedings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowman, Diana; Burdette, Paula; Julianelle, Patricia

    2008-01-01

    Project Forum at the National Association of State Directors of Special Education (NASDSE) and the National Center for Homeless Education (NCHE) worked together to collect information regarding the need for a policy forum on the topic of administrative collaboration between school personnel who support homeless education under the McKinney-Vento…

  19. Research in Special Education: Designs, Methods, and Applications. Second Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rumrill, Phillip D., Jr.; Cook, Bryan G.; Wiley, Andrew L.

    2011-01-01

    The goal of this second edition is to provide a comprehensive overview of the philosophical, ethical, methodological, and analytical fundamentals of social science and educational research, as well as specify aspects of special education research that distinguish it from scientific inquiry in other fields of education and human services. Foremost…

  20. Redesigning an Introduction to Special Education Course by Infusing Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dyches, Tina Taylor; Smith, Barbara A.; Syal, Suraj

    2004-01-01

    Online instruction is a growing method of delivering course content in higher education. However, little research has been conducted regarding the effectiveness of such instruction for pre-service teachers, in both general education and special education, who will teach students with disabilities. In this chapter we briefly review the literature…

  1. Collaborative Planning between General and Special Educators. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beirne-Smith, Mary; Smith, Cynthia Ruth Blocker

    A study investigated the effectiveness of a structured, collaborative co-planning model. Participants were 28 general education and special education teachers, who participated in extant team or co-teaching arrangements in grades 4-12 general education classes. The model was designed to increase: (1) the number of instructional interventions…

  2. Teaching Our Tomorrows: Special Programs in Citizenship Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gallagher, Arlene F., Ed.

    This book contains 44 elementary and secondary school citizenship education lesson plans, programs, projects, and learning activities that were developed by 50 teachers who participated in the 1985 Special Programs in Citizenship Education (SPICE I). This collection of educational materials is organized under the general topics of: (1)…

  3. A Rationale for Special Education in Catholic Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Long, Thomas J.; Schuttloffel, Merylann J.

    2006-01-01

    Debates about inclusive education for students with special needs challenge Catholic educators to develop a rationale consistent with Catholic theology and Church teaching. Guided by the rationale, arguments are made for the role Catholic schools, seminaries, and Catholic higher education should contribute to realize an inclusive Church.…

  4. Bibliografia Especializada: Educacion Basica (Specialized Bibliography: Basic Education).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boletin del Centro Nacional de Documentacion e Informacion Educativa, 1971

    1971-01-01

    This specialized international bibliography on basic education lists almost 50 documents written between 1969 and 1971 in Spanish, French, and Italian on the topic of elementary education. Annotations are provided for nine of the articles. Specific topics range from elementary reading and math education to curriculum planning. (VM)

  5. The Development of Special Education Services in Zimbabwe

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chitiyo, Morgan; Wheeler, John

    2004-01-01

    When Zimbabwe gained independence in 1980, the government started a massive expansion of the education system. Two decades later, the country's literacy rate had risen to one of the highest in sub-Saharan Africa. However, the same cannot be said for special education. This paper examines the development of the education system in Zimbabwe with…

  6. Special Education in Society and Culture: Comparative and Developmental Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stangvik, Gunnar

    2010-01-01

    International organisations make ambitious attempts to improve education for students with special needs. The article indicates that such global ambitions are tempered by recent educational developments and by comparative research that underscores the importance of locality by showing the unique character and antecedents of educational practices,…

  7. Special Education: Expenditures and Obligations. Policy Study No. 161.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beales, Janet R.

    Under federal and California law, cost alone cannot be used as a defense for modifying or denying education and support services to a student with a disability. This has contributed to growth in special education spending. However, funding has not kept up with costs, forcing school administrators to "encroach" upon general education revenues to…

  8. Special Education Services for Parentally Placed Private School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drang, Debra; McLaughlin, Margaret J.

    2008-01-01

    When the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (now known as the Individuals With Disabilities Education Improvement Act [IDEA]) was initially passed in 1975, it indicated that districts were required to provide children in private schools with access to special education and related services, but it was unclear whether they were entitled to…

  9. Special Education Support to General Education Teachers at US Accredited Schools Abroad

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stitt, Denise

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the needs of general education teachers in U.S. accredited schools abroad when educating students with special needs in grades K-6. General education teachers in U.S. accredited schools abroad have a significant responsibility for educating students with special needs. Most of the research conducted to…

  10. Point-Counterpoint: Can Special Education and General Education Get Along?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wasburn-Moses, Leah; Frager, Alan M.

    2009-01-01

    This essay grew out of a mutual frustration over differences between two fields within education. In the following discussion, special education professor, Leah Wasburn-Moses, argues that special and general education can resolve their differences. Her colleague, teacher education professor, Alan M. Frager, argues that the differences have become…

  11. Changes in Self-Efficacy of Prospective Special and General Education Teachers: Implication for Inclusive Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leyser, Yona; Zeiger, Tali; Romi, Shlomo

    2011-01-01

    The impact of three variables on the self-efficacy of 992 general and special education preservice teachers was examined. These variables were years of preservice education, experience with children with special educational needs, and training in inclusion or exceptional education. All participants responded to a teacher self-efficacy scale that…

  12. Congenital Heart Defects and Receipt of Special Education Services

    PubMed Central

    Riehle-Colarusso, Tiffany; Autry, Andrew; Razzaghi, Hilda; Boyle, Coleen A.; Mahle, William T.; Van Naarden Braun, Kim; Correa, Adolfo

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND We investigated the prevalence of receipt of special education services among children with congenital heart defects (CHDs) compared with children without birth defects. METHODS Children born from 1982 to 2004 in metropolitan Atlanta with CHDs (n = 3744) were identified from a population-based birth defect surveillance program; children without birth defects (n = 860 715) were identified from birth certificates. Cohorts were linked to special education files for the 1992–2012 school years to identify special education services. Children with noncardiac defects or genetic syndromes were excluded; children with CHDs were classified by presence or absence of critical CHDs (ie, CHDs requiring intervention by age one year). We evaluated the prevalence of receipt of special education services and prevalence rate ratios using children without birth defects as a reference. RESULTS Compared with children without birth defects, children with CHDs were 50% more likely to receive special education services overall (adjusted prevalence rate ratio [aPRR] = 1.5; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.4–1.7). Specifically, they had higher prevalence of several special education categories including: intellectual disability (aPRR = 3.8; 95% CI: 2.8–5.1), sensory impairment (aPRR = 3.0; 95% CI: 1.8–5.0), other health impairment (aPRR = 2.8; 95% CI: 2.2–3.5), significant developmental delay (aPRR = 1.9; 95% CI: 1.3–2.8), and specific learning disability (aPRR = 1.4; 95% CI: 1.1–1.7). For most special education services, the excess prevalence did not vary by presence of critical CHDs. CONCLUSIONS Children with CHDs received special education services more often than children without birth defects. These findings highlight the need for special education services and the importance of developmental screening for all children with CHDs. PMID:26283775

  13. Observing Special and Regular Education Classrooms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hersh, Susan B.

    The paper describes an observation instrument originally developed as a research tool to assess both the special setting and the regular classroom. The instrument can also be used in determining appropriate placement for students with learning disabilities and for programming the transfer of skills learned in the special setting to the regular…

  14. Special Education Legislation and Policy in Canada

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McBride, Shirley R.

    2013-01-01

    This article reviews the historical context in which Canadian legislation and policy for children with special needs has evolved. The potential for the rights of students with special needs in light of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is outlined. The role of the Federal and Provincial governments in legislation and policy vis-à-vis…

  15. Stress and Burnout: A Primer for Special Education and Special Services Personnel.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaw, Stan F.; And Others

    The primer is designed to help promote mental, physical, and emotional health in school personnel and to prevent job burnout, with primary focus on interventions that special education and special services personnel, administrators, and teacher trainers can implement to manage stress and prevent burnout. Nine chapters address the following topics:…

  16. 2006 Special Education Services in Charter Schools: Surveying Perceptions of Charter School Administrators and Special Education Directors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colorado Department of Education, 2007

    2007-01-01

    In 2002, the Colorado Department of Education (CDE) published a study on charter schools and special education that documented significant unresolved issues between Colorado charter schools and Local Education Agencies (LEAs). This study specifically examined the cost and quality of services, school district/Boards of Cooperative Educational…

  17. Early Childhood Education 295. Special Topics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Polis, Gloria Owens

    This module, part of a series of early childhood education instructional materials, is intended to assist teachers in adapting an on-campus early childhood education program for use by students desiring self-paced instruction in early childhood education. The course consists of individualized study of a topic chosen by the student or approved work…

  18. Maine Special Education Regulations: Chapter 101.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maine State Dept. of Education, Augusta. Div. of Special Services.

    This document contains regulations governing the provision of equal educational opportunities and free, appropriate public education in the least restrictive educational alternative to all Maine student residents with disabilities between the ages of 5 and 20. Twenty sections contain provisions relating to: (1) the policy and purpose of special…

  19. ESSA's Well-Rounded Education. Special Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Scott D.; Workman, Emily

    2016-01-01

    As questions regarding the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) flow in to Education Commission of the States, one frequent inquiry is about the concept of a "well-rounded education," referenced more than 20 times and included within the majority of Titles in the Act. State education leaders want to know what constitutes a well-rounded…

  20. 75 FR 23254 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Training and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-03

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Training and Information... work collaboratively with personnel responsible for providing special education, early intervention... at home, including information available through the Office of Special Education Programs'...

  1. 75 FR 25845 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS); Overview Information; Centers...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-10

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS); Overview Information; Centers for... Administration (RSA) staff from the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. The pre-application.... Alexa Posny, Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. BILLING CODE...

  2. 75 FR 3454 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; List of Correspondence

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-21

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; List of Correspondence AGENCY: Department of... appropriate instructional strategies is permissible and when an evaluation for special education and related...: January 14, 2010. Alexa Posny, Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative...

  3. 75 FR 66743 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; List of Correspondence

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-29

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; List of Correspondence AGENCY: Department of... State Directors of Special Education Executive Director Bill East, reiterating that the calculation of State financial support for special education and related services for children with...

  4. 78 FR 60267 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Special Education-Personnel...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-01

    ... Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Special Education--Personnel Preparation To Improve Services and Results for Children with Disabilities AGENCY: Office of Special Education and... notice will be considered public records. ] Title of Collection: Special Education--Personnel...

  5. Serving the Special Education Needs of Students in Correctional Facilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Susan M.; Robbins, Michael J.

    1981-01-01

    Addresses two questions: (1) What is the need for providing specialized education services to the handicapped students in correctional settings? (2) And given that the need exists, what are the implications of developing such programs? (CT)

  6. Towards Diversification of Secondary Special Education in British Columbia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Csapo, Marg

    1978-01-01

    Discussed is the trend in British Columbia, Canada, towards diversification of secondary special education programs, which in the past were restricted to occupational programs that became "dumping grounds" for all types of problem students. (DLS)

  7. Qualitative Research Methods in Special Education: Ethnography, Microethnography, and Ethology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murray, Carola; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Three qualitative research methodologies (ethnography, microethnography, and ethology) are contrasted according to their disciplinary origins, methods for data collection and analysis, and use of audiovisual technology. Studies that exemplify the special education applications of these methodologies are summarized. (Author)

  8. Educators' Guide to Exemplary Special Education Curricula: Results of a National Field Based Survey (1985).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ash, Paul, Ed.

    1984-01-01

    The newsletter reports results from the National Special Education Curricula Survey completed by state department officials, college and university staff, and personnel from schools, community agencies, and special projects across the country. Respondents identified 230 exemplary special education curricula. Those curricula are listed…

  9. On the Pulse of Change: The New Beat of Special Education in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keeffe, Mary; De George-Walker, Linda

    2010-01-01

    The roles and responsibilities of special educators in both special and regular school settings are changing rapidly. More than two decades ago the move towards more inclusive practices disrupted the traditional, niche separatism of special educators to the extent that they are now an integral part of the regular school teaching staff. Today the…

  10. Students' Reasons for Studying Special Needs Education: Challenges Facing Inclusive Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hausstatter, Rune Sarromaa

    2007-01-01

    This article attempts to clarify some of the problems and challenges currently met by the teaching profession in special education, in particular those relating to why students choose to study special needs education and what they expect to learn. There are two major reasons why students choose to become a "special needs" teacher: to help those…

  11. Special Education Eligibility Decision Making in Response to Intervention Models

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoover, John J.

    2010-01-01

    The response to intervention model (RTI) represents a promising framework for the early identification and prevention of learning and behavior problems for students struggling in school. If RTI is properly implemented, it should reduce unnecessary referrals and placements into special education, and increase the accuracy of special education…

  12. Competencies Required by Special Librarians: An Analysis by Educational Levels

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peyvand Robati, Alireza; Singh, Diljit

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents the results of a study conducted with the aim of identifying competencies needed by special librarians in Iran at three different levels of library and information science education. A list of competencies was initially identified from the literature and 21 semi-structured interviews with managers of special libraries in Iran.…

  13. A Basic Guide to Special Education. 2011 Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Advocates for Children of New Jersey, 2011

    2011-01-01

    The topic of special education can be confusing and frightening for parents who suspect their child has a disability or has difficulty learning. Parents in this situation want to know how to get help for their child. This guide is intended to help parents navigate the system and services available for children with special learning needs and to…

  14. Inclusive Resources for Science and Special Educational Needs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fenton, Adrian

    2002-01-01

    Introduces a CD-ROM that provides support for inclusive science and special education. Provides a full-scale investigation, resources for lessons, and management strategies for special needs students in science, and includes the themes of coastline protection, micro-scale chemistry, torches and color, fast plants, and flashcards software. (YDS)

  15. Special Education Coordinator: Learning Lessons From All Our Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Satterley, Donna

    2015-01-01

    As a special education coordinator of students with learning disabilities, I come into contact quite frequently with students who are considered twice exceptional. My role is to provide support to teachers on how to best meet the needs of the students with special needs in my school district. It is imperative that collaboration occurs between…

  16. Special Education Classification and Program Success: Is There a Relationship?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Safran, Stephen P.; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Analyzed relationship between students' pre- and postprogram special education classification status and success in level-system program. Reviewed records of Severe Behavior Handicapped in special school over 11-year entrance period. Found no significant relationship between student outcomes and pre- or postclassification status. Findings suggest…

  17. Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, Computer Simulation: Future Applications in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Gwendolyn B.; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Describes possible applications of new technologies to special education. Discusses results of a study designed to explore the use of robotics, artificial intelligence, and computer simulations to aid people with handicapping conditions. Presents several scenarios in which specific technological advances may contribute to special education…

  18. Representations of Special Support. Independent Schools' Descriptions of Special Educational Provision

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magnússon, Gunnlaugur

    2016-01-01

    An important argument for the introduction of school choice in Sweden, was that independent schools would be a source for innovation. But do independent schools follow traditional patterns of special education, or do they aim for alternative organisational solutions, approaching inclusive education? Here, results from a total population…

  19. The Quality of Special Education for Students with Special Needs in Ordinary Classes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skarbrevik, Karl J.

    2005-01-01

    Teachers and the school psychological services were asked to assess the quality of educational programmes offered to students who were found eligible for special education in Norway and who attended ordinary classes. Adequacy and equity of the programmes and an assessment of social inclusion were used as indicators of quality and as dependent…

  20. Standards-Based IEPs: An Introduction. Special Report. Primers on Special Education in Charter Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahearn, Eileen M.

    2008-01-01

    This report has been prepared as an introduction to standards-based individualized education programs (IEPs). It has been prepared especially for those who work in and are responsible for charter schools. It is an addition to the resources available on the Primers on Special Education in Charter Schools website that is designed specifically to…