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Sample records for 25-2053 special education

  1. Special Education in Korea.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Byung Ha, Ed.; Yeo, Kwang Eung

    The text on special education in Korea is divided into four major sections--a brief history of special education in Korea, the present status of special education in Korea, the special education plan of the Young Kwang Educational Foundation, and directory of schools and classes for the exceptional in Korea. Topics covered include the following:…

  2. Mentorship of Special Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madigan, Jennifer Booker; Schroth-Cavataio, Georganne

    2012-01-01

    The national shortage and exceptionally high attrition rate of special education teachers are impediments to serving students with special needs. Given that only 64 percent of special education teachers have access to a mentor compared with 86 percent of general education teachers, this book meets an essential need for attracting, retaining, and…

  3. Rural Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Helge, Doris, Ed.

    1984-01-01

    This special issue of the journal Exceptional Children has the theme "Rural Special Education." Nine articles deal with this theme as follows: (1) "The State of the Art of Rural Special Education" (by D. Helge), looks at recent improvements, remaining challenges, and current functioning; policy recommendations are offered for national and state…

  4. Beyond Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gartner, Alan; Lipsky, Dorothy Kerzner

    Faults of special education include its medical view of disability, its arbitrary division of students into handicapped and nonhandicapped, and the resultant separation between general and special education. Disabled adults are becoming less tolerant of an educational system that fails to recognize the capabilities of handicapped students.…

  5. Special Education Teacher Persistence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thorp, Sally A.

    2013-01-01

    The focus of this study was special education teachers, who remained in the teaching field 5 or more years. Through the use of qualitative mixed-methods study, variables contributing to their longevity were explored. Research indicates that 50% of special education teachers leave the field within five years of employment (Alliance for Education,…

  6. Special Education in Jordan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abu-Hamour, Bashir; Al-Hmouz, Hanan

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to provide a brief background about special education system in Jordan and particularly describes the present types of programmes and legislation provided within the country to students with special needs, as well as integration movement. Jordan has historically provided a limited number of educational opportunities…

  7. Challenges Facing Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyen, Edward L., Ed.; And Others

    This book presents 17 selected papers from recent issues of the journal, "Focus on Exceptional Children," concerning current and emerging challenges facing the field of special education. The book is organized in two parts. Part 1, "Contemporary Challenges," includes the following articles: "Transitions in Early Childhood Special Education: Issues…

  8. Handbook of Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kauffman, James M., Ed.; Hallahan, Daniel P., Ed.

    Intended to serve as a basic reference work for students and professionals in special education, the book contains 34 author contributed chapters concerned with the conceptual foundations of special education, service delivery systems, curriculum and methods, and child and child/environmental management. Chapters have the following titles and…

  9. Evaluation of Special Education Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moya, Sally A.; Gay, Glenda

    1982-01-01

    A survey of 190 California directors of special education was conducted to investigate procedures used for evaluating special education teachers. In summary, a few districts had established distinct guidelines for the evaluation of special education teachers. (SB)

  10. A Very Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Hilda B.

    1973-01-01

    Granite School District, a suburb of Salt Lake City, Utah, has a staff of 349 teachers and other professional personnel who provide career education and job experience for more than 5,000 special children. (DS)

  11. Evaluating Special Education Facilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elkins, John

    1987-01-01

    The paper discusses early research on evaluating services for Australian disabled persons, the Schonell Evaluation Procedure (SEP) developed for use in Activity Therapy Centres (adult continuing education programs), the modification of SEP for use in special schools for children, and emergent and unmet needs for evaluating adult special education…

  12. Spotlight on Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karge, Belinda Dunnick; Lasky, Beth

    2009-01-01

    With the everyday juggling act principals perform, they have a daunting challenge to keep up the latest research in education. At the same time, the literature documents an intensive need for increased professional development of principals in special education (Goar, Schwenn, & Boyer, 1997; Lasky & Karge, 2006; McLaughlin & Nolet, 2004). To…

  13. Handbook of Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kauffman, James M., Ed.; Hallahan, Daniel P., Ed.

    2011-01-01

    Special education is now an established part of public education in the United States--by law and by custom. However, it is still widely misunderstood and continues to be dogged by controversies related to such things as categorization, grouping, assessment, placement, funding, instruction, and a variety of legal issues. The purpose of this…

  14. Some Speculations about Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hope, Mary

    1982-01-01

    Discusses the possible impact of microelectronics/microtechnology in the special education setting, including availability of hardware and Microelectronics Education Programme involvement in determining the best use of microcomputers with special education students. (Author/JN)

  15. Mainstreaming Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Insights Into Open Education, 1976

    1976-01-01

    This issue of "Insights Into Open Education" investigates various aspects of the problems and potential of mainstreaming handicapped children into the regular school program. Brekke, in an article entitled "How Can Teachers Begin to Meet the Special Needs of Mainstreamed Children in the Regular Classroom?" asserts that teachers must concentrate on…

  16. LOGO and Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michayluk, J. O.; Saklofske, D. H.

    1988-01-01

    The article examines the current status of the LOGO programming language and LOGO research within special education. Efficacy conclusions include LOGO's strengths: (1) as a socializing agent; (2) in maintaining the attention of hyperactive children; (3) in improving academic performance; and (4) in increasing self esteem. (Author/DB)

  17. Special Education Microteaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southern Illinois Univ., Edwardsville.

    Presented is a manual on special education microteaching, an approach to training teachers of handicapped children in which the student teacher teaches a lesson, is critiqued and shown a videotape, then reteaches the lesson. In Chapter 1, several characteristics of microteaching which facilitate the training program's effectiveness and efficiency…

  18. Special Education Guidelines.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bureau of Indian Affairs (Dept. of Interior), Albuquerque, NM.

    Provided are special education guidelines (revised 1974) for exceptional (handicapped or gifted) American Indian and Alaskan Native children from birth through age 25 years in schools operated by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). Reviewed are broad philosophical guidelines emphasizing individualized instruction, objectives such as decreasing…

  19. Telecommunications in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Education Turnkey Systems, Inc., Falls Church, VA.

    One of four reports designed to assess the current state of new technologies, the document reviews the present and future 5-year status of telecommunication technologies in regular and special education. Briefly described are technological and economic aspects of videotex/teletext, subscription services, satellite broadcasting, cable television,…

  20. Promoting Positive Special Education Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conderman, Greg; Pedersen, Theresa

    2005-01-01

    Special education is defined as specialized instruction for students with disabilities. Sometimes, however, legal requirements as well as the day-to-day demands of teaching secondary students with disabilities cloud the real intent of special education. This article acknowledges some poor practices occurring in secondary special education and…

  1. The Problem Is Education Not "Special Education"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fellner, Gene

    2015-01-01

    In his article, "Urban special education policy and the lived experience of stigma in a high school science classroom," Chris Hale persuasively argues that the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and subsequent special education policies have largely failed to serve special education students who are stigmatized by their deficit…

  2. Comparative Studies in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mazurek, Kas, Ed.; Winzer, Margret A., Ed.

    This text presents 26 case studies which examine special education provisions for children in the world today. The reports focus on the current state of special education in selected nations and major issues and controversies in the field of special education within those nations. Each case study addresses the following themes: (1) prevalence of…

  3. Special Education Administration Training Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watherman, Richard F.; Hollingsworth, Sue Ann

    Presented are course materials from a competency based education program in special education administration. It is explained that the Special Education Administration Training Program (SEATP) is designed for continuing education of administrators. Materials are divided into three self contained curriculum areas: fiscal management, personnel…

  4. Are Pupils in Special Education Too "Special" for Regular Education?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pijl, Ysbrand J.; Pijl, Sip J.

    1998-01-01

    In the Netherlands special needs pupils are often referred to separate schools for the Educable Mentally Retarded (EMR) or the Learning Disabled (LD). There is an ongoing debate on how to reduce the growing numbers of special education placements. One of the main issues in this debate concerns the size of the difference in cognitive abilities between pupils in regular education and those eligible for LD or EMR education. In this study meta-analysis techniques were used to synthesize the findings from 31 studies on differences between pupils in regular primary education and those in special education in the Netherlands. Studies were grouped into three categories according to the type of measurements used: achievement, general intelligence and neuropsychological tests. It was found that pupils in regular education and those in special education differ in achievement and general intelligence. Pupils in schools for the educable mentally retarded in particular perform at a much lower level than is common in regular Dutch primary education.

  5. Manual for Special Education Nurses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schnetter, Vicki A., Ed.

    This manual aims (1) to provide a standard, well-referenced resource for Iowa special education nurses and (2) to provide direction and continuity for health services to pupils with special needs. The first chapter provides an overview of the special education nurse's role, including philosophy, definitions of assignments, levels of service, and…

  6. The Practice of Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swann, Will, Ed.

    Intended for use with an Open University (England) course, the book contains 27 papers on issues affecting handicapped students in special education. Topics considered include the individual and his/her relationship to the environment; the history of special education in the United Kingdom; varieties of special programs; relationships among…

  7. Replication Research and Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Travers, Jason C.; Cook, Bryan G.; Therrien, William J.; Coyne, Michael D.

    2016-01-01

    Replicating previously reported empirical research is a necessary aspect of an evidence-based field of special education, but little formal investigation into the prevalence of replication research in the special education research literature has been conducted. Various factors may explain the lack of attention to replication of special education…

  8. Special Education and Student Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brazeau, Karen; And Others

    This report examines the current status and plans for special education, student services, and special projects and studies in Oregon. The first section offers an overview of special education long-range planning in secondary and transition programs, the student population with severe emotional disturbance, low incidence populations, families, the…

  9. Are Special Education Students Happy?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Uusitalo-Malmivaara, Lotta; Kankaanpaa, Paula; Makinen, Tuula; Raeluoto, Tiina; Rauttu, Karoliina; Tarhala, Veera; Lehto, Juhani E.

    2012-01-01

    This study compared the subjective and school-related happiness of 75 11- to 16-year-old special education students to 77 age- and gender-matched mainstream students using two quantitative measures. Additionally, the respondents chose from a list of 12 putative happy makers what they felt increased their happiness. Ten special education students…

  10. Web Resources for Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singh, Delar K.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to provide brief descriptions and links to a number of reputed websites on various topics and issues of special education. The web sites are organized in the following categories: (1) Teaching in Inclusive Classroom, (2) Policies, Procedures, & Process of Special education, (3) Students with High Incidence…

  11. Understanding New Clients: Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCutchan, Nancy, Comp.; Hunt, Janice, Comp.

    The booklet contains descriptions of 15 Handicapped Children's Early Education Program (HCEEP) projects as well as descriptions of special education projects developed with funds from other sources. The first section contains an overview of all HCEEP programs; identifies the special class of children who are targets for HCEEP efforts; and briefly…

  12. Stress: The Special Educator's Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raschke, Donna; And Others

    1988-01-01

    The article describes approaches special education teachers can take to reduce stress including diet and exercise, relaxation techniques, use of social support systems, goal setting, time management, and networking. A survey of special education teachers found the use of humor the most common strategy for coping with stress. (DB)

  13. Ohio Laws for Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibbons, Patrick

    Presented are texts of Ohio state laws regarding the provision and funding of special educational programs, school attendance, and related issues. Laws regarding special educational programs deal with such topics as classes and training of teachers for the handicapped, inspection of classes, programs for the gifted, definition of handicapped…

  14. Driving Change in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gallagher, James J.

    2006-01-01

    How has special education policy evolved over the years, and where should it go in the near future? One of the best known and most respected leaders in special education policy, Jim Gallagher, takes a candid and critical look at these questions in this informative book. Students, administrators, and policymakers will fully understand how four…

  15. The Privatization of Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKinney, Judith A.

    2011-01-01

    This study, The Privatization of Special Education, addresses a shift in the provision of special education and related services to students with disabilities in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Students with disabilities are being publicly placed in private day and residential schools at public expense. In Virginia, 125 private schools are licensed…

  16. Racial Inequity in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Losen, Daniel J., Ed.; Orfield, Gary, Ed.

    This collection of papers discusses issues related to the overidentification of minority students in special education. After a "Foreword" (Senator James M. Jeffords) and an introduction, "Racial Inequality in Special Education" (Daniel J. Losen and Gary Orfield), 11 chapters include: (1) "Community and School Predictors…

  17. Wessex Studies in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Robin, Ed.

    The document presents 10 papers addressing special education programs in Wessex, England, and reviews of 11 books dealing with special education for disabled children. Papers have the following titles and authors: "The Development of New Services for Mentally Handicapped People in Horticulture and Agriculture" by D. Carter and A. Carter;…

  18. Shifting Trends in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scull, Janie; Winkler, Amber M.

    2011-01-01

    This report examines trends in the number of special-education students and personnel at both the national and state levels from 2000-01 to 2009-10. It finds that the overall population of special-education students, after decades of increases, peaked in the 2004-05 school year and has declined since. But within this population, individual…

  19. Demystifying Special Education in Virtual Charter Schools. Special Report. Primers on Special Education in Charter Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rhim, Lauren Morando; Kowal, Julie

    2008-01-01

    This special report is a supplement to a series of special education primers created to inform state officials, authorizers and charter school operators about special education in the charter sector. The primer series also provides tools to help these stakeholders build charter school capacity to provide special education and related services. In…

  20. Elective Home Education and Special Educational Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arora, Tiny

    2006-01-01

    This paper reviews the literature on home education with reference to special educational needs (SEN). A rapid expansion in home educating families is noted. Parents present a variety of reasons for this, including those with concerns about the provision for their child's SEN. In one Local Education Authority (LEA), data were obtained through…

  1. The problem is education not ``special education''

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fellner, Gene

    2015-12-01

    In his article, Urban special education policy and the lived experience of stigma in a high school science classroom, Chris Hale persuasively argues that the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and subsequent special education policies have largely failed to serve special education students who are stigmatized by their deficit classification. Though classified students may be doubly stigmatized, research suggests that students of color who live in economically stressed communities are also subject to systemic educational policies that produce stigma; special education should be understood within the larger context of educational policy in the inner city. Though we cannot immediately dismantle the macro level structures that nurture stigma, I suggest pedagogies based on facilitating phenomenological awareness enacted through individual-collectively based methodologies to challenge the stigma that classified as well as non-classified students in the inner city often carry with them.

  2. Special Education in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eres, Figen

    2010-01-01

    The quality and the prevalence of education are the major indicators of the development of a society. It is a kind of human right to every person living in the society to be educated in a sufficient way. The education of the disabled people, a social reality in Turkey, is not sufficiently carried out. This paper aims at the education of the…

  3. Special Education Research Advances Knowledge in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vaughn, Sharon; Swanson, Elizabeth A.

    2015-01-01

    Research in special education has yielded beneficial outcomes for students with disabilities as well as typical achieving students. The authors provide examples of the valuable knowledge special education research has generated, including the elements of response to intervention (e.g., screening and progress monitoring), instructional practices…

  4. Infancy/Preschool Education Specialization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bondurant-Utz, Judith; Wyly, M. Virginia

    The Infancy/Preschool Education Specialization program at the New York State University College at Buffalo is described. This personal training program prepares master's level candidates to become certified educators of infants and preschoolers with handicapping conditions. It is a cooperative program between the Exceptional Education, Psychology,…

  5. Special Education Administrative Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maine State Dept. of Educational and Cultural Services, Augusta.

    Presented are regulations and policies to implement provisions mandated by the Maine Legislature for education of exceptional children. Goals are given such as providing every exceptional child with a comprehensive educational program, and promoting acceptance of exceptional children within the educational profession and the public. Summarized are…

  6. Expert Systems and Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hofmeister, Alan M.; Ferrara, Joseph M.

    1986-01-01

    The article discusses the characteristics of expert systems (computer programs designed to replicate human expertise in a variety of areas), describes recently available expert system development tools, suggests applications within the field of special education, and reviews recent efforts to apply expert systems technology to special education…

  7. Outsourcing Special Education Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenzie, Anne S.; Bishop, Anna M.

    2009-01-01

    The Lower Pioneer Valley Educational Collaborative, organized in 1974, consists of seven school districts legally bound in a governance structure. Although the member districts are located in Hampden County, Massachusetts, the collaborative provides educational programs and services to school districts and municipalities throughout western…

  8. Dance and Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Munsell, Sonya E.; Bryant Davis, Kimberly E.

    2015-01-01

    Arts activities have been included in the educational curriculum of public schools for a number of years. Most often, course offerings in the arts consist of visual art, vocal music, and instrumental music classes. Although not as common, dance has also been included in the educational curriculum. Research and anecdotal evidence suggest that…

  9. Technology Trends in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blaschke, Charles L.

    1985-01-01

    Describes the dramatic growth in the use of microprocessor-based systems and the effects of this new technology, including microcomputers, telecommunications systems, and communications aids, on special education. Factors contributing to widespread use include requirements for individualized educational programs, increased support for special…

  10. Early Childhood Special Music Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darrow, Alice-Ann

    2011-01-01

    The process of early intervention is a critical component of Early Childhood Special Music Education. Early intervention is the process of providing services, education, and support to young children who have disabilities or to children who are at-risk of developing needs that may affect their physical, cognitive, or emotional development. The…

  11. Addressing the Special Education Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amprey, Walter G.

    2005-01-01

    In the author's past work as a superintendent, and in his current capacity as an educational consultant, he has seen hundreds of dollars (per special education student) wasted in unnecessary costs and lost funding opportunities resulting from out-of-date, ineffective management systems. In addition to the fiscal implications, this imposes…

  12. Lessons from Special Education Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sindelar, Paul T.; Bishop, Anne G.; Brownell, Mary T.; Rosenberg, Michael S.; Connelly, Vincent J.

    2005-01-01

    Although the ultimate goal of teacher education is to provide an adequate supply of highly qualified teachers for the nation's schools, many factors hinder its success. In special education, too few people enter the field, and a policy context that promotes easy entry via unconventional preparation threatens to dilute teacher quality. In this…

  13. Cybernetics and Education (Special Issue)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kopstein, Felix F., Ed.

    1977-01-01

    This is a special issue examining the potential of cybernetics in educational technology. Articles discuss: cybernetic methods, algorithms, feedback learning theory, a structural approach to behavioral objectives and criterion-referenced testing, task specifications and diagnosis, teacher-child interaction, educational development, teaching…

  14. Neuroscience, Education and Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goswami, Usha

    2004-01-01

    The discipline of neuroscience draws from the fields of neurology, psychology, physiology and biology, but is best understood in the wider world as brain science. Of particular interest for education is the development of techniques for imaging the brain as it performs different cognitive functions. Cognitive neuroimaging has already led to…

  15. 75 FR 55786 - Office of Special Education Programs, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education Programs, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, Department... Transition Technical Assistance Center (NSTTAC). Currently, the Office of Special Education Programs...

  16. Multicultural Education: A Challenge for Special Educators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dean, Ann V.; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Suggestions for including critical elements of multicultural education in the special education curriculum are offered, including employing student-centered assessment strategies, using culturally responsive instruction, transforming the curriculum, teaching students to accept and appreciate individual differences, teaching social responsibility,…

  17. 34 CFR 300.39 - Special education.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Special education. 300.39 Section 300.39 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN...

  18. 34 CFR 300.39 - Special education.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2011-07-01 2010-07-01 true Special education. 300.39 Section 300.39 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN...

  19. 34 CFR 300.39 - Special education.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Special education. 300.39 Section 300.39 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN...

  20. 34 CFR 300.39 - Special education.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Special education. 300.39 Section 300.39 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN...

  1. Managing Special and Inclusive Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rayner, Steve G.

    2007-01-01

    This book is a guide to special and inclusive education and provides a comprehensive overview of this complex field. Author Stephen Rayner examines context, policy, and practice, and shows how to successfully navigate the managerial challenges involved, while contributing to the way forward through leadership in a diverse field. The author…

  2. Operant Conditioning for Special Educators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pedrini, Bonnie C.; Pedrini, D. T.

    The paper briefly explains operant conditioning as it pertains to special educators. Operant conditioning is thought to be an efficient method for modifying student behavior. Using the B. F. Skinner frame of reference, operant conditioning is said to include behavior modification and therapy, programed instruction, and computer assisted and…

  3. New Directions in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Reginald L., Ed.

    The text presents a collection of articles dealing with new research and developments relevant to special education. Discussions include automation, teaching machines, programed instruction, psycholinguistic testing, differential diagnosis, language development and testing, and remediation techniques. Other topics consider measurement of behavior,…

  4. Special Education Microcomputer Software Directory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Nancy; And Others

    Intended to help special educators select software appropriate for their classroom use, the directory contains evalutions of about 300 instructional software packages. An index lists titles by computer type and the following subject areas: computer literacy, critical thinking, grammar, life skills, literature, math computation, math problem…

  5. CEC Special Education Advocacy Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bootel, Jaclyn A.

    This handbook, for individuals working with people who have disabilities, is designed to empower them to be a force for meeting the policy challenges in the communities in which they live and work. It is designed to help in channeling one's strength, commitment, and knowledge of the special education field into effective advocacy efforts. The…

  6. Reducing the Special Education Teacher Shortage

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thornton, Bill; Peltier, Gary; Medina, Ricky

    2007-01-01

    New demands and high attrition levels of special education teachers have created a crisis for education and extensive additional stress for special education directors and principals. The critical shortage of highly qualified special education teachers has significantly increased the pressure to hire and retain them. This article discusses factors…

  7. The Splintered Fight for Special Education Support.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penning, Nick

    1992-01-01

    Given the state of Chapter 1 funding, regular and special education advocates must fight for higher federal and state special education funding, resist legislators' efforts to divide their common child advocacy interests, work to entitle both special education and economically and educationally disadvantaged children under federal funding…

  8. How to Keep Your Special Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wasburn-Moses, Leah

    2005-01-01

    Teacher burnout and attrition are epidemic in the field of special education. The annual attrition rate for special education teachers has been estimated to be between 8% and 10% (Whitaker, 2000), and special education teachers are leaving the field in much greater numbers than their peers in general education (Nichols & Sosnowsky, 2002).…

  9. Educational Programs That Work: Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Far West Lab. for Educational Research and Development, San Francisco, CA.

    Exemplary programs for special education of handicapped children are outlined in the National Diffusion Network (NDN) catalog. The 46 programs are listed with the following information: descriptors, target audience, description, evidence of effectiveness, implementation requirements, financial requirements, services available, and contact person.…

  10. Perspective: Bridging the Special Education Divide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andrews, Jack E.; Carnine, Douglas W.; Coutinho, Martha J.; Edgar, Eugene B.; Forness, Steven R.; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Jordan, Dixie; Kauffman, James M.; Patton, James M.; Paul, James; Rosell, Jon; Rueda, Robert; Schiller, Ellen; Skrtic, Thomas M.; Wong, James

    2000-01-01

    This article explores different viewpoints on special education reform, including conceptualizations of disability, the purpose of special education, beliefs about the expected outcomes of special education, and understanding of the current state of knowledge. How these different views can be bridged by focusing on early detection and prevention…

  11. Music in Special Education [with DVD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adamek, Mary; Darrow, Alice-Ann

    2005-01-01

    This book explains essential features of special education that are important for interdisciplinary communication and effective teaching. Part I introduces the reader to historical and instructional foundations of music in special education. Major topics and developments in the field of special education, important terminology, and curricular…

  12. Special Education Teacher Burnout and ACT

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emery, Debra W.; Vandenberg, Brian

    2010-01-01

    Special educators are a high risk group, prone to low job satisfaction, low self-efficacy, and increased stress and burnout. The attrition rate of special educators is particularly high, contributing to an overall shortage of qualified teachers throughout the United States. While the problems of special educators are widely discussed in the…

  13. Rethinking Special Education for a New Century.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finn, Chester E., Jr., Ed.; Rotherham, Andrew J., Ed.; Hokanson, Charles R., Jr., Ed.

    This book scrutinizes the education now being received by 6 million U.S. children with disabilities. It identifies the problems that currently beset special education, analyzes their causes, and suggests solutions. Chapters include: (1) "The Evolution of the Federal Role" (Tyce Palmaffy); (2) "Time To Make Special Education 'Special' Again" (Wade…

  14. What's "Special" about Special Education? A Field under Siege.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuchs, Douglas; Fuchs, Lynn S.

    Special education is under fire from full inclusionists who advocate for children with severe mental retardation and who contend that special education settings are immoral dumping grounds for children deemed "unteachable." Other advocates of inclusion focus on the invalidity of disability categories, tests, and instructional services which, in…

  15. Using Special Education to Destroy Black Boys.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grant, Patrick

    1992-01-01

    Asks whether special education is designed to keep African-American boys out of the mainstream of education and also looks at questions of a passive conspiracy to destroy African-American males and the role of racism. Discusses special education legislation, and argues that African-American boys are not being adequately educated. (JB)

  16. The Pedagogic Signature of Special Needs Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiß, Sabine; Kollmannsberger, Markus; Lerche, Thomas; Oubaid, Viktor; Kiel, Ewald

    2014-01-01

    The goal of the following study is to identify a pedagogic signature, according to LS Shulman, for working with students who have special educational needs. Special educational needs are defined as significant limitations in personal development and learning which require particular educational measures beyond regular education. The development of…

  17. 76 FR 11765 - Education Research and Special Education Research Grant Programs; Institute of Education Sciences...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-03

    ... Special Education Policy, Finance, and Systems Autism Spectrum Disorders Technology for Special Education..., Finance, and Systems. Autism Spectrum Disorders. Technology for Special Education. Families of Children... Teachers and Related Services Providers. Special Education Policy, Finance, and Systems. Autism...

  18. Special Education in Malaysia: A Critique.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tee Tee, Chua

    1986-01-01

    Special education in Malaysia now involves 4,220 handicapped children in four categories: visually handicapped, hearing impaired, mentally retarded, and physically handicapped. Needs such as more special education teachers, early diagnosis, modified curricula, special equipment, and parent counseling are discussed. (Author/DB)

  19. Future Trends in Scandinavian Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuunainen, Kari

    1988-01-01

    The development of special education in Scandinavia is outlined, with special emphasis on Finland. Factors influencing the future of special education include emphasis on independent living, decreasing numbers of workers needed, increased mobility, disabled populations in third world countries, influence of information technology, etc. (Author/JDD)

  20. Considering Special Education Adequacy in California

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harr, Jenifer J.; Parrish, Tom; Chambers, Jay; Levin, Jesse; Segarra, Maria

    2006-01-01

    The ways in which the needs of special populations--students in poverty, English learners, and particularly special education students--have been addressed in studies measuring educational adequacy vary widely. This paper analyzes how these populations have been treated across various adequacy studies, with its major focus on special education…

  1. Principals' and Special Education Teachers' Perceptions of Special Education Teachers' Roles and Responsibilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mott, Japhia

    2013-01-01

    This explanatory mixed methods study focuses on the perceptions of principals and special education teachers about special education teachers' roles and responsibilities. An online survey was conducted with 11 principals and 41 special education teachers (Resource Specialists and Special Day Class teachers). Independent semi-structured interviews…

  2. Special Education Teacher Candidate Assessment: A Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCall, Zach; McHatton, Patricia Alvarez; Shealey, Monika Williams

    2014-01-01

    Teacher preparation has been under intense scrutiny in recent years. In order for preparation of special education teacher candidates to remain viable, candidate assessment practices must apply practices identified in the extant literature base, while special education teacher education researchers must extend this base with rigorous efforts to…

  3. Preparing Urban Special Education Leaders: What Works

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Suzanne M.; Little, Joyce; Miller, Katie; Gourwitz, Jillian

    2014-01-01

    Special education administrators play a critical role in the implementation of successful inclusion in diverse, standards-based environments. They provide the vision and leadership necessary to guide educators in both general and special education as they deliver instructional programs to meet the needs of diverse students with disabilities.…

  4. Special Education - The Counselor's Job Too.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthay, Eileen R.; Tarasuk, Paul

    This paper presents an inservice program for school counselors--or for a school counselor and a special educator--to work together to teach regular educators and other school personnel how to work more effectively with special needs students. The method may also be used by an individual educator to improve his/her skills in working with special…

  5. Advances in Special Education Volume 11, Issues, Practices and Concerns in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rotatori, Anthony F., Ed.; Schwenn, John O., Ed.; Burkhardt, Sandra, Ed.

    This volume presents 14 papers which address current issues and practices in special education. The papers are: (1) "National Educational Reform: General and Special Education" (Joyce Fiddler and Freddie W. Litton); (2) "Linguistically Appropriate Special Education" (Herbert Grossman); (3) "Portfolio Assessment: An Individualized Approach for…

  6. Inclusive Education for Learners with Special Educational Needs in Botswana: Voices of Special Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mukhopadhyay, Sourav

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe the roles and responsibilities of the special education teachers, and challenges they encounter in supporting the inclusion of learners with special educational needs (SEN) in regular primary schools of the south central regions of Botswana. Thirty-eight Senior Teacher Advisors Learning Disabilities…

  7. Special Education through Neighbourhood Centers in Algeria.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boucebci, Mahfoud

    1981-01-01

    The article provides a survey of special education needs in Algeria with emphasis on the role of neighborhood centers which involve parents in the education of mentally handicapped children. Journal availability: see EC 133 861. (DB)

  8. What Unites Us All: Establishing Special Education Teacher Education Universals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darling, Sharon M.; Dukes, Charles; Hall, Kalynn

    2016-01-01

    The theoretical base that supports human universals served as a model for proposing special education teacher education universals. The human universals model is explained and put forth as a basis for identifying special education teacher education universals. Twenty-four English language journals from different countries representing four…

  9. Health Education for Special Children: Intermediate EMR.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brodie, Patrick; And Others

    Intended for teachers and administrators in special education, the curriculum guide offers information on planning a health education program for educable mentally retarded children in intermediate grades. Sections preceding the actual guide include information on specific goals of and elements necessary for a successful health education program,…

  10. Health Education for Special Children: Primary EMR.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Linda; And Others

    Intended for teachers and administrators in special education, the curriculum guide offers information on planning a health education program for primary level educable mentally retarded students. Sections preceding the actual guide include information on specific goals of and elements necessary for a successful health education program, the…

  11. Special Education Faculty Needs Assessment Study Implications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, D.D.; Tyler, N.; Montrosse, B.E.; Young, C.; Robb, S.M.

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the highlights of the Special Education Faculty Needs Assessment Study (SEFNA). Actions taken after the release of The 2001 Faculty Shortage Study demonstrate that supply-and-demand imbalances can be improved. The projected shortage of special education faculty will directly and negatively affect students with disabilities and…

  12. Professional Standards for Australian Special Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dempsey, Ian; Dally, Kerry

    2014-01-01

    Although professional standards for Australian teachers were developed several years ago, this country is yet to develop such standards for special education teachers. The lack of standards for the special education profession is associated with the absence of a consistent process of accreditation in Australia and a lack of clarity in the pathways…

  13. Risk Communication in Rural Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bull, Kay Sather; Kimball, Sarah

    1997-01-01

    Risk communication is a methodology recommended for rural special education professionals who communicate with parents and teachers. Using rural special education examples, the steps of risk-based decision making are described: hazard identification, hazard assessment, risk assessment, risk management, risk analysis, and risk communication.…

  14. Special Education in Arab Countries: Current Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hadidi, Muna S.; Al Khateeb, Jamal M.

    2015-01-01

    Arab countries have undertaken various measures to develop special education programmes and services over the last three decades; nevertheless, major challenges remain regarding the expansion of these programmes and services and improving their quality. "This article provides an update on disability and special education in Arab…

  15. Current and Emerging Forces Impacting Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yates, James R.

    Using the methodology of force field analysis, the paper develops possible futures for special education based on current trends. Demographic forces impacting special education include age changes, ethnicity changes, the needs of emerging language minorities, specific change in the youth population, environmental factors and the incidence of…

  16. The Special Educator and Job Stress.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dedrick, Charles V. L.; Raschke, Donna B.

    This monograph examines stressors encountered by special educators, ways of coping with professional demands, and reasons why some teachers handle job stress better than others. It is intended to help special education teachers take a more objective look at what they do and identify strategies and techniques to alleviate some job-related stress…

  17. Distinguishing Disability: Parents, Privilege, and Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ong-Dean, Colin

    2009-01-01

    Students in special education programs can have widely divergent experiences. For some, special education amounts to a dumping ground where schools unload their problem students, while for others, it provides access to services and accommodations that drastically improve chances of succeeding in school and beyond. "Distinguishing Disability"…

  18. Hiring an Effective Special Education Teacher

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fenlon, Amanda

    2008-01-01

    The task of hiring special education teachers may seem daunting because they serve in what is undeniably the most complex of teaching roles. This article provides guidance and suggestions for identifying key competencies that a viable special education teacher candidate should possess. Although many building leaders may still subscribe to gut…

  19. Demography As It Affects Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yates, James R.

    The paper, originally given at a 1986 Ethnic and Multicultural Symposium, looks at special education and the changing society in terms of ethnicity, age, socioeconomic status, birth rate, and school completion. Current and emerging demographic characteristics are related to special education policy, organization, training, research, and…

  20. Special Education in South Korea: Daegu University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Byung Ha; Rhee, Kun Yong; Burns, Carol; Lerner, Janet W.

    2009-01-01

    Daegu University has enjoyed a long and remarkable history of special education. Daegu University is large University located in Daegu, South Korea, a large city in South Korea that is south of Seoul. Since the 1970's, South Korea has achieved unusual and comprehensive growth in its economy, and the field of special education continued to thrive…

  1. Systemic Inequities in Special Education Financing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conlin, Michael; Jalilevand, Meg

    2015-01-01

    Since the implementation of IDEA in 1975, as spending on education has continued to grow, a large portion of that spending has been dedicated to students with special needs. This study uses a panel dataset of local and intermediate school districts to examine the complex special education funding and delivery scheme in the State of Michigan. Using…

  2. Special Education in the European Community.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission des Communautes Europeennes (Luxembourg).

    The monograph contains a report on developments and trends in special education within the European community and a selection of the principal papers of a conference on special education in Europe. Chapter 1 contains results of a comparative study presented tabularly and narratively covering all handicaps in Belgium, Denmark, Germany, France,…

  3. Job Design for Special Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Major, Amanda E.

    2012-01-01

    Special education teachers, especially those that teach students with behavioral/emotional challenges, have high attrition rates stemming from stress, job dissatisfaction, and low motivation. The external factors in the school setting and job contribute to special education teachers' attrition and disengagement. A relationship between motivation…

  4. Accessibility of Special Education Program Home Pages.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flowers, Claudia P.; Bray, Marty; Algozzine, Robert F.

    1999-01-01

    Eighty-nine special education Web sites were evaluated for accessibility errors. Most (73 percent) special education home pages had accessibility problems, and the majority of these errors severely limited access for individuals with disabilities. The majority of the errors can be easily corrected. Recommendations and methods for improving…

  5. Female Special Education Directors: Doubly Marginalized.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keefe, Charlotte Hendrick; Parmley, Pamela

    2003-01-01

    A qualitative study of five Texas female special education directors found that although participants achieved an administrative position, they were marginalized due to their leadership style, gender discrimination, and socialization. Participants also indicated a negative connection between being in special education administration and top-level…

  6. Competencies and Needs of Rural Special Educators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blasi, Joyce F.

    Rural special educators play a very complex role in the provision of services to exceptional learners. Population sparsity and distance factors more or less mandate that most rural special education programs must be cross-categorical, multi-age programs. These same factors, and the fact that support specialists in related areas are nonexistent or…

  7. Science and Sanity in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dammann, James E.; Vaughn, Sharon

    2001-01-01

    This article describes the usefulness of a scientific approach to improving knowledge and practice in special education. Of four approaches to knowledge (superstition, folklore, craft, and science), craft and science are supported and implications for special education drawn including the need to bridge the gulf between research knowledge and…

  8. Special Education Learning Materials Centers (SELMC).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christmas, Oren L.

    This study evaluated the current status and utilization of the Michigan Special Education Learning Materials Centers (SELMCs) mandated in 1970 by the State of Michigan 75th legislature and designed to assist administrators in future decision making. Twenty-two SELMC contact persons and 368 special educators were separately surveyed. Major results…

  9. Thesaurus for Special Education Instructional Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dailey, Rebecca; And Others

    The thesaurus is intended as a preliminary standardization and clarification of terms used to index special education instructional materials throughout the Special Education Instructional Materials Centers/Regional Media Centers (IMC/RMC) Network. The majority of entries are approved descriptors appearing in the selected standard, the Thesaurus…

  10. Special Education: Program Evaluation, 1993-94.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jeschke, Thomas A.

    This report evaluates the special education instructional programs of the Des Moines (Iowa) Public Schools. It begins with a school district mission statement and special education mission statement. The report examines Des Moines' history of serving students with disabilities, its policies and regulations, enrollment by disability, and types of…

  11. Leadership in Early Childhood Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arora, Samita Berry

    2013-01-01

    With the demands of high quality early childhood special education programs within public school settings, there is a need to place emphasis on research and training regarding early childhood leaders and managers in this complex and diverse field. The focus of this research is to examine what early childhood special education (ECSE) leadership…

  12. Selected Topics in International Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Nancy

    2002-01-01

    This article provides information on special education topics on the international front. Information is presented on projects that evaluated early intervention programs, a life-centered career education program in the Philippines, a Peruvian vocational program for individuals with severe disabilities, and special classes for children with…

  13. Descriptive Cost Analysis of Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slobojan, Alan

    1987-01-01

    Presents a study of cost analysis of the Frederick County Public Schools (Maryland) special education programs and services. The Larson IPSEC Model was used as the basis for the cost analysis. The modified Larson model provides a valuable tool to determine the per pupil cost of special education. (Author/MD)

  14. Inclusive Special Education: Development of a New Theory for the Education of Children with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hornby, Garry

    2015-01-01

    Inclusive education and special education are based on different philosophies and provide alternative views of education for children with special educational needs and disabilities. They are increasingly regarded as diametrically opposed in their approaches. This article presents a theory of "inclusive special education" that comprises…

  15. Special Needs in Education (E241): Psychology and Special Education, Unit 12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swann, Will

    One of a series of booklets designed for use in an Open University Course on the education of handicapped students in Great Britain, the booklet examines the application of psychology to special education. Origins of educational psychology are traced, as are the beginnings of psychology's relationship with special education. The author asserts…

  16. Special Issue: Philosophy of Design, Design Education and Educational Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buchanan, Richard; Borgmann, Albert; Mitcham, Carl; Waks, Leonard J.; Huyke, Hector J.; Kellner, Douglas; Feenberg, Andrew

    2001-01-01

    Articles include: "Philosophy of Design, Design Education, and Educational Design: Introduction to the Special Issue"; "Opaque and Articulate Design"; "The Problem of Character in Design Education: Liberal Arts and Professional Specialization"; "'Dasein' Versus Design: The Problematics of Turning Making into Thinking"; "Donald Schon's Philosophy…

  17. Iowa Physical Education Guidelines for Students Receiving Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iowa State Dept. of Education, Des Moines. Div. of Instructional Services.

    This resource guide is intended to aid in the development of physical education programs to meet the motor, social, and recreational needs of students with disabilities. Two brief chapters on legislation review federal regulations, Iowa law, and Iowa rules for special education and special education administration. Next, the four steps in…

  18. Procedural Safeguards in Special Education Under IDEA

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montana Office of Public Instruction, 2005

    2005-01-01

    Parents of a child who may receive special education, have certain rights that are guaranteed by federal law: the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). These rights are listed in this brochure and include parental rights to participate in meetings dealing with the identification, evaluation, and educational placement of your child…

  19. Special Education in Zimbabwe: Issues and Trends

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chitiyo, Morgan

    2006-01-01

    Following a massive educational expansion initiative by the government of Zimbabwe since 1980, the country has achieved one of the highest literacy rates in Africa. There is legislation in Zimbabwe which makes education a right for every child. In spite of this legislation, special education in Zimbabwe still lags behind the entire educational…

  20. Historical Development of Special Education in Nigeria.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shown, D. G.

    The paper traces the history of education in Nigeria before and immediately after the arrival of the colonial masters. Noted are the establishment of missinary schools and the expansion of formal education at all levels, whereas little effort was made to meet the requirements of less privileged pupils with special educational needs. Effects of…

  1. Special Education Administrative Policies Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torres, Scottie

    Intended for use by state and local education agencies in the development of written policy consistent with recent federal legislation on the education of handicapped children, the manual offers recommended policy statements in the areas of right to education, population, identification, evaluations, placement, service delivery, facilities and…

  2. Collaborating with Special Education Administrators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Judith A.

    2008-01-01

    The Education for All Handicapped Children Act was reauthorized as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) in 1990. When reauthorized in 2004 it maintained the IDEA acronym although it is now the Individuals with Disabilities Education "Improvement" Act. The federal government further demonstrated its emphasis on improvement by…

  3. Further Education of Special Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    European Information Center of the Charles Univ. for Further Education of Teachers. Prague (Czechoslovakia).

    The document contains papers from a symposium to confront the concepts of further education of teachers, educators, and other specialists in the field of care for the physically, sensorily, and mentally handicapped and socially maladjusted youth in individual European countries with different educational systems and different social systems.…

  4. The Special Education IMC/RMC Network

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aserlind, LeRoy

    1970-01-01

    The director of the Special Education Instructional Materials Center at the University of Wisconsin explains the general goals of the centers and gives a brief description of the activities of each center. (AA)

  5. School Administrator's Handbook on Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Dakota State Dept. of Public Instruction, Bismarck.

    North Dakota's special education classes and services are defined and state reimbursements are listed. Guidelines specify procedures essential during or at the beginning or end of the school year. Areas involve planning and providing for special services, and working with the state and state agencies. Additional guidelines treat the following…

  6. Fostering Resilience in Special Education Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sells, Dana; Shepard, Jerri

    This paper begins by presenting a case study of a ten-year-old special education student to demonstrate protective factors that help develop resiliency in children with disabilities. The definition of resiliency is then discussed, and risk factors that affect children with special needs are identified, including family problems associated with…

  7. Special Education in Beijing: An Overview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nan, Deng Qing

    This paper describes special education for children with visual impairments, hearing impairments, and intellectual impairments in China, especially in the city of Beijing. It reports a long history of special schools for individuals with visual impairments (since 1874), noting curriculum components at one school for the blind including braille,…

  8. The Misdiagnosis of Special Education Costs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berman, Sheldon H.; Urion, David K.

    2003-01-01

    Massachusetts study finds that increases in district's special-education costs are not due to district policies and practices, but to three external factors: medical advances that have increased the survivability of children born with disabilities, the deinstitutionalization of special-needs children, and the higher percentage of children living…

  9. Special Education Terminology Every Physical Education Teacher Should Know

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Columna, Luis; Lieberman, Lauren J.; Lytle, Rebecca; Arndt, Katrina

    2014-01-01

    An initial step to demonstrate commitment and professional behaviors is to be knowledgeable in the terminology used by special education colleagues, and to share with them common terminology used in physical education settings. Adapted physical education (APE) and general physical education (GPE) teachers need to know terminology used by…

  10. Considerations for the Strategic Recruitment of Special Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zascavage, Victoria; Schroeder-Steward, Jennifer; Armstrong, Philip; Marrs-Butler, Kelly; Winterman, Kathy; Zascavage, M. L.

    2008-01-01

    According to the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs (2004), the United States is lacking 41,141 certified special educators. Texas is no exception to the national trend; in Texas alone, there is a shortage of 5,024 certified special educators (U.S. Department of Special Education). Any successful remediation of this…

  11. New Patterns in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gallagher, James J.

    1990-01-01

    Reviews Lipsky and Gartner's book, "Beyond Separate Education: Quality Education for All," and Biklen, Ferguson, and Ford's book, "Schooling and Disability: (NSSE Yearbook Series)." Discusses the shared opinion that the direction of reform should be toward the integration of handicapped children into the regular school program. (JS)

  12. Defending Rights in (Special) Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ben-Porath, Sigal

    2012-01-01

    The state's commitment to educating all children can be framed as a matter of human capital development, or the economic benefits accrued to individuals and society as a result of educational attainment; it can be framed as a matter of capabilities, or the development of functionings that enable human flourishing; and it can be framed as a matter…

  13. Geologic Hazards Meet the Special Education Classroom

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Haddad, D. E.; Haddad, A.; Turner, M.

    2011-12-01

    Mainstream classrooms have difficulty accommodating students with special learning needs and helping them achieve state-mandated standards in reading, writing, math, and science. These students are subsequently grouped into special education classrooms where they receive specialized instruction. Few lesson plans and teaching activities exist to help special education teachers guide their students toward meeting the state-mandated academic standards. This is especially true for science curricula. The goal of this project is to develop a set of science-themed lesson plans for special education students using geologic hazards as a prototype theme. The dynamic nature of geologic hazards provides an excellent opportunity to stimulate the natural curiosity students have about the world around them. We designed and implemented lesson plans for elementary-level students with learning and cognitive disabilities revolving around earthquakes, landslides, tsunamis, etc. The lesson plans used tactile and interactive learning activities to teach Earth science and science inquiry concepts outlined in the Arizona Department of Education curriculum standards. All lesson plans were administered by a special education teacher to a class of 8-10 students over the course of three weeks. Student responses were coded semi-quantitatively to assess the effectiveness of the lesson plans. Pre- and post-assessments of each student's state of knowledge showed increased retention of geologic concepts after implementing our new lesson plans. This project demonstrated that real-world science concepts like natural hazards are both engaging to special education students and effective in meeting otherwise elusive state-mandated science curricula. Future efforts will concentrate on making effective, prepackaged lesson plans available to special education teachers on a grab-and-go basis.

  14. Cost of Special Education Programs in California.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keefe, R. F.; And Others

    The document reports a study for the California State Department of Education to provide clarification of existing studies and reports on the cost of special education in California. Chapter 1 covers the background of the study, purpose and plan, study design (which included review of existing cost reports and studies and structured interviews…

  15. The National Institute for Special Education. 1972.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Inst. for Special Education, Yokosuka (Japan).

    Treated are the purpose, activities, organizational structure, and facilities of the Japanese institute for special education (SE). Activities noted concern SE research (in fields of medicine, psychology, education, and technology), information processing services, inservice teacher training, a child guidance center, and a school for handicapped…

  16. Out-of-District Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Legislative Office of Education Oversight, Columbus.

    This study examined issues regarding children who receive special education services outside of their home school district--specifically, reasons for these out-of-district placements in Ohio. The study reviewed relevant documents concerning federal and state requirements and funding, and consulted with Ohio Department of Education (ODE) personnel,…

  17. Secondary Mathematics Inclusion: Merging with Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dieker, Lisa A.; Stephan, Michelle; Smith, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    The merging of the fields of special education and mathematics was never meant to be a recent phenomenon. The true intention of the Individuals with Disabilities in Education Act (1975) was for students with disabilities to remain in the least restrictive environment. However, because mathematics is a content area with the greatest dependency on…

  18. Legislation Pertaining to Special Needs Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

    This report presents the findings of a UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Social, and Cultural Organization) survey of the state of legislation on special needs education in 52 member states. Most of the information was gathered in 1992-93. This document represents the final work compiled in 1994-95. Part 1 presents an analysis and synthesis of…

  19. Special Education in Economically Deprived Areas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joseph, Shirley J.

    The paper addresses the recommendations of the First Caribbean Conference in Mental Retardation held in Jamaica (1970) which have not been implemented in most territories. Focus is placed on adaptation of existing curricula in teacher education to include course work and practica opportunities in special education. Attention is also given to the…

  20. An Induction Program for Special Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Virginia; Burnstein, Nancy

    2004-01-01

    Regardless of the quality of their preservice preparation programs, new teachers often leave the teaching profession; special education teachers are almost twice as likely to leave as general education teachers and more likely to leave within the first five years of employment (Claycomb, 2000; Crutchfield, 1997). Induction programs typically…

  1. Controversial Issues Confronting Special Education: Divergent Perspectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stainback, William; Stainback, Susan

    This book of 24 papers presents divergent views on 12 issues in special education: organizational strategies, classroom service delivery approaches, maximizing the talents and gifts of students, classification and labeling, assessment, instructional strategies, classroom management, collaboration/consultation, research practices, higher education,…

  2. Parent's Guide to Special Education in Missouri

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2008

    2008-01-01

    Children with disabilities have a right to a free appropriate public education (FAPE). Children differ in mental abilities, sensory development, physical traits, emotional or social behaviors, or communication skills. Some may require modification to their school program or special education and related services in order to benefit from their…

  3. Microcomputers: An Available Technology for Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joiner, Lee Marvin; And Others

    1980-01-01

    The article describes the capabilities and features of basic microcomputer systems and describes special education applications: computer assisted instruction, prosthesis, testing, communication, and enhancing personal relations. Problems such as the availability of authoring languages, high quality educational software, and computer safety are…

  4. Single Subject Research: Applications to Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cakiroglu, Orhan

    2012-01-01

    Single subject research is a scientific research methodology that is increasingly used in the field of special education. Therefore, understanding the unique characteristics of single subject research methodology is critical both for educators and practitioners. Certain characteristics make single subject research one of the most preferred…

  5. Special Education Curriculum (Computerized IEP Catalog).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garland Independent School District, TX.

    This special education curriculum, developed by the Garland (Texas) Independent School District, outlines the basic tools for preparing an Individual Educational Plan (IEP) for each handicapped student. The curricular information is organized and coded to facilitate computerized printing of the IEP. The document begins with a list of 13…

  6. Preschool Special Education Eligibility Classifications and Criteria.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Danaher, Joan

    1995-01-01

    This paper analyzes the preschool special education eligibility classifications and criteria used by states and the District of Columbia in compliance with Part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Four types of eligibility classifications are described: use of only Part B disability categories; use of Part B categories plus a…

  7. Preschool Special Education Eligibility Classifications and Criteria.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Danaher, Joan

    1992-01-01

    This paper analyzes the preschool special education eligibility classifications and criteria used by states and the District of Columbia in compliance with Part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Four types of eligibility classifications are described: use of only Part B disability categories; use of Part B categories plus a…

  8. Readability of Special Education Procedural Safeguards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mandic, Carmen Gomez; Rudd, Rima; Hehir, Thomas; Acevedo-Garcia, Dolores

    2012-01-01

    This study focused on literacy-related barriers to understanding the rights of students with disabilities and their parents within the special education system. SMOG readability scores were determined for procedural safeguards documents issued by all state departments of education. The average reading grade level was 16; 6% scored in the high…

  9. Health Education for Special Children: Secondary TMR.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brundage, Elvira; And Others

    Intended for teachers and administrators in special education, the curriculum guide offers information on planning a health education program for trainable mentally handicapped children at the secondary level. Sections preceding the actual guide include information on specific goals of and elements necessary for a successful health education…

  10. Health Education for Special Children: Primary TMR.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Linda; And Others

    Intended for teachers and administrators in special education, the curriculum guide offers information on planning a health education program for trainable mentally handicapped children at the primary level. Sections preceding the actual guide include information on specific goals of and elements necessary for a successful health education…

  11. Health Education for Special Children: Intermediate TMR.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brodie, Patrick; And Others

    Intended for teachers and administrators in special education, the curriculum guide offers information on planning a health education program for trainable mentally handicapped children in intermediate grades. Sections preceding the actual guide include information on specific goals of and elements necessary for a successful health education…

  12. Guide to Software for Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynd, Chuck

    1984-01-01

    Reports on computer-assisted instruction materials for use in special education settings (readiness level, reading, math, home and school, remedial/secondary, career/vocational education, programing/computer literacy, adaptive communication devices); professional application software (authoring systems, administration, testing); and software…

  13. Special Education in India at the Crossroads

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thirumurthy, Vidya; Jayaraman, Brinda

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the authors first discuss the multi-tiered Indian education system. Then, they examine the challenges for special education in India, including: (1) the issues surrounding appropriate assessment in a multilingual country, which is enhanced by marked differences in children's socioeconomic status; (2) social stigma of disabilities…

  14. Mentoring and Doctoral Completion in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobs, Ruth

    2010-01-01

    This investigator provides support to current research findings that mentoring can be a successful factor in doctoral degree completion (Maher, Ford and Thompson, 2004). Of concern to this researcher is the shortage of doctoral degree recipients, whose dissertations reflect special education issues, to meet current educational demands (Smith,…

  15. Annotated Bibliography of Special Education Instructional Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Iva Dean, Comp.

    The annotated bibliography lists approximately 900 commercially prepared materials available for statewide distribution from the West Virginia College of Graduate Studies Special Education Instructional Materials Center (WEIMC) for use in teaching educable (EMR) and trainable mentally retarded (TMR) students. Materials are grouped under subject…

  16. Special Needs Students in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Lise Oen; Krumsvik, Rune

    2008-01-01

    The topic in this paper is how former special needs students with academic competence from upper secondary school succeed in education on a higher level. The study concentrates on students who at their start in upper secondary education were registered with problems of concentration, difficulties in reading, writing or mathematics. The main part…

  17. Historical Overview of Special Education in Belize

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sukhram, Diana P.; Monda-Amaya, Lisa; Enriquez, Eleanor

    2011-01-01

    Belize is a developing country located in Central America along the Caribbean Coast. A common social understanding in Belize is that each individual is entitled to an equitable and moral education; therefore it is interesting to examine how special education policies and practices in this country have developed over time, particularly in the…

  18. Preparing Secondary Special Educators: Four Collaborative Initiatives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simmons, Kate D.; Carpenter, Laura Bowden; Dyal, Allen; Austin, Sheila; Shumack, Kellie

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to share the results of multiphase initiatives funded by four separate grants. The projects were designed to improve and enhance collaborative teaching at the secondary level. Each project provided opportunities for increased collaboration between special education faculty, secondary education faculty, and…

  19. The University of Guam Special Education Program: Preparing Special Education Teachers in a Very Diverse Culture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fee, Richard W.; Fee, Julie M.; Snowden, Peggy A.; Stuart, Nicole M.; Baumgartner, Dana

    2012-01-01

    Only 12 students graduated from the M.Ed.-Special Education program at the University of Guam during its first 20 years. In the spring of 2007, with technical assistance from The Monarch Center, the University of Guam School of Education in partnership with the Guam Department of Education and the Guam Commission on Educator Certification began a…

  20. Developmental Reinforcement and Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garris, Raymond P.

    The author uses a developmental model (1) to describe the developmental reinforcement process as it occurs in a child's life, using a hierarchical concept, and (2) to discuss some educational consequences of a reinforcement deficit. The developmental reinforcement process is composed of a hierarchy of four levels. Development takes place in…

  1. Expert Systems and Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hofmeister, Alan M.; Ferrara, Joseph M.

    The application of artificial intelligence to the problems of education is examined. One of the most promising areas in artificial intelligence is expert systems technology which engages the user in a problem-solving diaglogue. Some of the characteristics that make expert systems "intelligent" are identified and exemplified. The rise of expert…

  2. Environmental Education. "Kappan" Special Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Estes, Yvonne Baron

    1993-01-01

    Describes a comprehensive environmental education program and facilities at Gullett Elementary School, in Austin, Texas. The program helps children learn responsibility and respect for animals and each other. Attendance improves, as children are responsible for feeding an animal entrusted to their care. Students score in the upper 90 percentiles…

  3. State Special Education Finance Systems, 1999-2000. Part II: Special Education Revenues and Expenditures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parrish, Thomas; Harr, Jenifer; Wolman, Jean; Anthony, Jennifer; Merickel, Amy; Esra, Phil

    2004-01-01

    The Center for Special Education Finance (CSEF) provides policymakers and administrators at all governmental levels with data, analyses, expertise, and opportunities to share information about special education finance issues. One of CSEF's major activities is the periodic collection and dissemination of information on state funding systems for…

  4. In Retrospect, 1980-81: Special Education Research. Special Education Research and Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dallas Independent School District, TX. Dept. of Research and Evaluation.

    The manual presents a composite of final reports of seven special education research and evaluation studies undertaken by the Dallas Independent School District in 1980-81. Each report contains information on program objectives, sampling, design, and outcomes. Topics covered include the development of a special education computerized information…

  5. 34 CFR 300.18 - Highly qualified special education teachers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... special education teachers. (a) Requirements for special education teachers teaching core academic subjects. For any public elementary or secondary school special education teacher teaching core academic...) Requirements for special education teachers in general. (1) When used with respect to any public...

  6. 34 CFR 300.18 - Highly qualified special education teachers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... special education teachers. (a) Requirements for special education teachers teaching core academic subjects. For any public elementary or secondary school special education teacher teaching core academic...) Requirements for special education teachers in general. (1) When used with respect to any public...

  7. 75 FR 5771 - Institute of Education Sciences; Overview Information; Education Research and Special Education...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-04

    ...: Cognition and Adult Literacy. State and Local Education Policy. Postsecondary Education and Employment..., Finance, and Systems. Autism Spectrum Disorders. Special Education Research Training. Under the special... topic: School-Based Interventions for Secondary Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders....

  8. Special Educators' Social Networks: A Multiple Case Study in a Finnish Part-Time Special Education Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuomainen, Jenna; Palonen, Tuire; Hakkarainen, Kai

    2012-01-01

    This article explores the networking roles and practices of special educators with the methods of social network analysis. This multiple case study included three special educators in a Finnish part-time special education context. The results revealed that although the special educators had central positions in the formal teacher communities as…

  9. Special education in Russia: historical aspects.

    PubMed

    Malofeev, N N

    1998-01-01

    Tracing the history of special education services in Russia from its beginnings in the early nineteenth century through the rapid expansion of both private and government-supported programs and institutions until the restrictive Soviet period provides both understanding and appreciation of current Russian special education services and institutions. Theoretical principles guiding special education formulated by L. Vygotsky, and sources outside the USSR, were officially suppressed, as were testing and statistical data on handicapped individuals. Official mandates to bring students with handicaps up to state-approved standards resulted in the development of creative, effective approaches. The framework of special education changed little until the breakdown of the USSR. The new Russian Federation ratified UN resolutions protecting the rights of children. Categorical language is a recent development, and terms such as defective, retarded and pedologist are gradually being replaced. The final decade of this century is witnessing rapid change at the initiation of the Ministry of Education that is beginning to produce needed reform. One of the major initiatives is to provide LD specialists in all schools so that students will not need to be a great distance from home to receive needed services. PMID:9529788

  10. Special Needs Education: Statistics and Indicators. Education and Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robson, Colin; Evans, Peter; Deluca, Marcella

    This report presents an analysis of the statistics concerning the status of education for students with special needs in member nations of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Special needs students are defined as those who have disabilities with clear biological causes, or who are experiencing learning difficulties, or who…

  11. Preparing Special Education Higher Education Faculty: The Influences of Contemporary Education Issues and Policy Recommendations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    deBettencourt, Laurie U.; Hoover, John J.; Rude, Harvey A.; Taylor, Shanon S.

    2016-01-01

    There is a well-documented need for leadership personnel who are prepared at the doctoral level to fill special education faculty positions at institutions of higher education (IHEs) and train the next generation of teachers. The intersection of continued retirements of special education faculty, shortage of well-prepared special education faculty…

  12. Scientific Revolutions in Special Education in Finland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kivirauma, Joel

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, Finnish special education research is analysed. The material for this review consists of all academic theses published between the years 1951 and 1999. Doctoral theses can be considered as one type of official product of normal science, since they undergo rather stringent internal scientific evaluation. An attempt is made to…

  13. Recruiting and Retaining Culturally Diverse Special Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valle-Riestra, Diana Martinez; Shealey, Monika Williams; Cramer, Elizabeth D.

    2011-01-01

    In light of the current challenges in addressing the achievement gap between minority and non-minority students, the persistent problems of disproportionality in special education, and the dismal post-school outcomes for culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) students and those living in poverty, it is critical that successful models of…

  14. Market Demand for Special Education Faculty

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montrosse, Bianca Elizabeth; Young, Christopher J.

    2012-01-01

    Since 1988, researchers have monitored the extent and severity of the chronic special education (SE) faculty shortage. The present study sought to add to this knowledge base by (a) gathering data on the supply and demand of leadership personnel in SE since the "2001 Faculty Shortage Study"; (b) combining and comparing these data with other sources…

  15. Minorities Are Disproportionately Underrepresented in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Paul L.; Farkas, George; Hillemeier, Marianne M.; Mattison, Richard; Maczuga, Steve; Li, Hui; Cook, Michael

    2015-01-01

    We investigated whether minority children attending U.S. elementary and middle schools are disproportionately represented in special education. We did so using hazard modeling of multiyear longitudinal data and extensive covariate adjustment for potential child-, family-, and state-level confounds. Minority children were consistently less likely…

  16. Special Education Law and Litigation Treatise.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weber, Mark C.

    This book is intended to be a comprehensive work that answers the myriad of specific legal questions engendered by special education statutes. The book attempts to give guidance on particular legal questions, to collect and evaluate caselaw and other authoritative materials, and to put forward the positions that seem best supported in reason and…

  17. Evaluation of Ozanam's Special Education Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Souza, Eros

    The special education program of Ozanam Home for Boys, Inc. (Kansas City, Missouri), a private residential psychiatric facility serving about 60 emotionally disturbed adolescent males, was examined. Detailed eco-behavioral data were collected on a sample of one "active" student, one "passive" student, and two controls. Data for all four students…

  18. Exploring Organizational Learning Mechanisms in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schechter, Chen; Feldman, Niv

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The notion of organizational learning (OL) has reached the forefront of both school change discourse and academic inquiry. However, this notion has not yet undergone deliberate thinking and research within the special education domain. The purpose of this paper is to address this gap in the literature by empirically investigating OL…

  19. Special Education: Creating Opportunities, Reaching for Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butler, Heather

    2011-01-01

    Kappa Delta Pi embodies the belief that educators have a responsibility to live their lives in such a way that they serve their students to the best of their ability, giving all that they have to help the students succeed. It is a worthy ideal--one that all teachers should strive to meet. Students with special needs disabilities have been touched…

  20. Innovations in Special Education and Rehabilitation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nathanson, Jeanne H., Ed.

    1993-01-01

    This bulletin issue contains seven papers describing innovations in various areas of special education and rehabilitation. "Training Criminal Justice Personnel To Recognize Offenders with Disabilities" (Keith L. Curry and others) examines prevalence figures of disabilities among incarcerated adults and describes the "Effectively Communicating with…

  1. Recruiting and Retaining Male Special Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rice, Craig J.; Goessling, Deborah Peters

    2005-01-01

    The percentage of male students who complete an undergraduate degree in the field of special education continues to be much lower than that of female graduates. Low status, low salaries, the perception of teaching as women's work, potential complaints of child abuse and sexual harassment, and a lack of male peer groups factor into this low…

  2. Neuroscience and Special Education. inForum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muller, Eve

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this document is to provide a brief overview of how links are being developed between the rapidly expanding field of neuroscience and the practice of special education. The first part of the document introduces definitions and terminology, provides an overview of how findings from neuroscience are being applied to the field of…

  3. Special Education Professionals' Perceptions toward Accessible Playgrounds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanton-Chapman, Tina L.; Schmidt, Eric L.

    2016-01-01

    The perceptions and beliefs of 303 special education professionals toward currently available playgrounds in their school or community were examined. Survey respondents (a) indicated that their students with a disability could not fully participate in their school or community's playground offerings, (b) discussed the need for a peer buddy program…

  4. Selected Websites for International Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cutolo, Frank J.

    2002-01-01

    This article describes Internet sites relating to special education with a global perspective. The Web Accessibility Initiative is described, as is the current standard for Web accessibility: "Bobby Approved". Webable, a provider of Web accessibility technology, the Archimedes Project, and a Web site for translating languages are also profiled.…

  5. Guidelines for Special Education Paraprofessionals in Oklahoma.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oklahoma State Dept. of Education, Oklahoma City. Div. of Special Education.

    The training guide begins with a rationale for the use of special education paraprofessionals working with deaf-blind and multihandicapped children in Oklahoma schools. It presents a schedule for training paraprofessional staff in 10 sessions. Resource materials are then presented as background information for the training sessions. This…

  6. Issues and Concerns in Special Education Microcomputing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maddux, Cleborne D.

    1986-01-01

    Discussion of microcomputer use in public elementary schools focuses on the field of special education. Two main ways of using computers are described: (1) traditional uses, including administration, computer-assisted instruction, and assessment; and (2) new applications, including programming, word processing, simulations, and prosthetic aids…

  7. Who Is Placed into Special Education?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hibel, Jacob; Farkas, George; Morgan, Paul L.

    2010-01-01

    The authors use nationally representative data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (ECLS-K) to identify variables measured in the fall of 1998 (when the sample's students were in kindergarten) that predict special education placement by the spring of 2004 (when most students were finishing fifth grade).…

  8. Interpersonal Skills Development with Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Nina W.; And Others

    Investigated with 17 special education practicum students was the effectiveness of structured experiences designed to foster interpersonal skill development. Administered as pre- and post-tests were the Helping Relationship Inventory, the Personal Orientation Inventory, and the Firo-B. Following a group workshop, the Ss differed significantly from…

  9. The Evolution of Special Education in Malaysia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Lay Wah; Low, Hui Min

    2014-01-01

    This article traces the evolution of special education in Malaysia across four chronological stages: before and during the early colonial period (before 1900), pre-independence (1900-1957), post-independence (1957-1990) and modern Malaysia (1990 to the present), through document analysis. By placing current issues and trends within a historical…

  10. Special Education Mediation: A Guide for Parents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Consortium for Appropriate Dispute Resolution in Special Education (CADRE), Eugene, OR.

    Designed for parents of students with disabilities living in Oregon, this brochure describes the general mediation process that parents can use to resolve special education services disputes with schools. It begins by discussing what mediation is and the characteristics of a trained mediator. It addresses the requirement for making mediation…

  11. National Technical Assistance Systems in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reynolds, Maynard C., Ed.

    Presented are 17 papers and a summary from the 1974 conference on National Technical Assistance Systems in Special Education. Included are presentations by the following participants: J. Gallagher, D. Stedman, D. Lillie and T. Black, D. Davies, E. Deno, J. McCarthy, D. Jackson, K. Lundholm, J. Chalfant, R. Johnson et al., P. Mann, W. Korba, R.…

  12. Special Education as a Moral Enterprise.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Astman, James Alan

    1984-01-01

    The article addresses the "identity crisis" which the author says faces the field of learning disabilities. Following a brief review of the history of special education, the logical positivism movement is described and challenged. In the final section the author emphasizes the need to examine values rather than facts divorced from contexts. (CL)

  13. Special Education in High School Redesign

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National High School Center, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This annotated bibliography, co-authored by the National High School Center and the National Secondary Transition Technical Assistance Center, identifies articles that address high school redesign as it relates to students with disabilities and special education's role in such initiatives. The articles are organized around the National High School…

  14. Bibliography of Resources in Jewish Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenberg, Barbara, Comp.

    The annotated bibliography of resources in Jewish special education includes references to 15 periodicals or pamphlets, a curriculum kit and a teacher manual for a course on the Sabbath, and three slide presentations, as well as three organizations and 10 individuals willing to provide further assistance or information. The periodicals and…

  15. Atypical Responding among Special Education Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berger, Mike

    1982-01-01

    Thirty special education high school students produced a significantly larger number of atypical responses to simple questions (name three colors, three common fruits, three major U.S. cities). Possible implications for classification as well as academic and emotional problems are noted. (CL)

  16. Legal Currency in Special Education Law

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zirkel, Perry A.

    2011-01-01

    A review of some basic concepts in special education law will help principals better understand the complex laws and regulations implicated in common situations. This article cites a case scenario that illustrates various potential issues under IDEA 2004 and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act. Chris is in the 10th grade, and his parents have…

  17. Mentoring Early Career Special Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dempsey, Ian; Arthur-Kelly, Michael; Carty, Breda

    2009-01-01

    For some time, special education has been plagued by shortages of qualified teaching staff and by high turnover rates for these staff. While several factors--external, employment and personal--are largely responsible for this situation, the research demonstrates that the initial professional experiences of early career teachers are closely…

  18. Sharing Special Education Strategies in Rural Kenya

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shamberger, Cynthia T.

    2014-01-01

    As a former special education teacher at the elementary, middle and high school levels, many unique and complex learning situations were encountered. The author, who was a junior faculty member on her initial trip to Kenya, experienced a very challenging, yet rewarding, learning opportunity with teachers gathered in a community located in rural…

  19. ESS/Special Education Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ball, Daniel W.

    This teacher's guide provides Elementary Science Study (ESS) units that can be used with students in grades 1-12 in special education programs. The ESS units represent an interdisciplinary approach to learning and emphasize "hands-on" activities. Activities include Mirror Cards, Pattern Blocks, Clay Boats, Mapping, Earthworms, and Structures. Each…

  20. Media, Methods, and Materials for Special Educators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Propp, George, Ed.; And Others

    Proceedings from an institute held in Michigan, October, 1972, for curriculum resource consultants on media, methods, and materials for special educators are presented. Described in the section on planning are the institute's objectives, criteria for selection of participants, resource consultants' names and addresses, and a review of planning…

  1. Structural Equation Modeling in Special Education Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Alan D.

    1995-01-01

    This article suggests the use of structural equation modeling in special education research, to analyze multivariate data from both nonexperimental and experimental research. It combines a structural model linking latent variables and a measurement model linking observed variables with latent variables. (Author/DB)

  2. Michigan Life Role Competencies. Special Education Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michigan State Board of Education, Lansing.

    This competency listing presents the 42 employability and occupational, personal and family management, civic and social responsibility, and aesthetic and humanistic appreciation skills that are needed by secondary special education students, as they were determined during the Michigan Life Role Competencies (MLRC) Project. (The MRLC Project was…

  3. Special Education Practica and Internship Experiences.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Douglas, Dorothy R.

    The undergraduate special education teacher training program at the University of South Alabama is described. The program emphasizes practica placements in public schools and agencies serving exceptional children and youth. Practicum at the freshman level consists primarily of observation, with each year providing greater exposure. Student…

  4. Preservice Special Education: Interactive Video Simulation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, Robert J.

    The paper describes a microcomputer simulation program developed to train preservice special education teachers in the use of basic behavior modification skills. The program was written in SuperPILOT on an Apple IIe using a BCD interface card and a Panasonic NV 8200 video tape recorder. Production suggestions are offered. The incorporation of…

  5. Special Educational Needs: A Public Issue

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liasidou, Anastasia

    2010-01-01

    This article explores the contribution of sociological scholarship to understanding and analysing the notions of "special educational needs" and "disability" and the ways in which the two notions have been reconfigured and theorised as "public issues" rather than "personal troubles". Barton's contribution is signified both in terms of his…

  6. Exceptional Lives: Special Education in Today's Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turnbull, Ann P.; And Others

    This introductory text on special education combines principles and values with classroom techniques, uses real people in real schools to illustrate principles and techniques, and advocates the inclusion of students with disabilities in all aspects of schooling with the provision of supplementary supports and services. Three introductory chapters…

  7. MCPS Special Education at a Glance 2007-2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Public Schools, 2008

    2008-01-01

    Montgomery County Public Schools (MCPS) "Special Education at a Glance," which includes a copy of the "Guide to Planning and Assessing School-Based Special Education Programs," provides in a single document, information about the special education population at each MCPS school, including enrollment, staffing, special education…

  8. Examining the Intersection of Arts Education and Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malley, Sharon M.; Silverstein, Lynne B.

    2014-01-01

    A variety of stakeholders work to ensure opportunities for students with disabilities to learn in and through the arts. Because they work in various disciplines in the fields of arts education and special education, these stakeholders lack opportunities to share resources and information. The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, and its…

  9. Movement Education for Students with Special Needs in Physical Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Barbara A.

    Discussed are aspects of physical education programs for children with special needs. It is explained that movement education promotes important learning for all pupils and is well suited for facilitating the integration of handicapped children into regular classes. Suggestions are given for teachers, and equipment items (such as inner tubes and…

  10. Inclusive Education for Children with Special Educational Needs: A Critique

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hornby, Garry

    2011-01-01

    This review essay examines "Special Educational Needs: A New Look" by Mary Warnock which was initially published as a "pamphlet" by the Philosophy of Education Society of Great Britain in 2005. In this new edition, the original publication is reprinted as the first chapter and Brahm Norwich contributes a chapter in which he responds to the issues…

  11. Educational Programs that Work: Special Education. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Far West Lab. for Educational Research and Development, San Francisco, CA. Div. of Educational Replication.

    The book lists 47 exemplary programs for special education. Programs have been approved by the Joint Dissemination Review Panel of the Department of Education. The book begins with a directory of National Diffusion Network facilitators in 49 states, the District of Columbia, and the Virgin Islands. Program entries include descriptors, a brief…

  12. Educating Hard of Hearing Children. Special Education in Transition 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Mark, Ed.; Nober, Linda W., Ed.

    Viewpoints of an audiologist, speech-language pathologist, special educator, classroom teacher, and parent are presented in the book on the implications of P.L. 94-142, the Education for All Handicapped Children Act, for hard of hearing students. In the introduction, M. Ross considers the status of many hard of hearing students, noting the…

  13. Inclusive Education and Students without Special Educational Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruijs, Nienke M.; Van der Veen, Ineke; Peetsma, Thea T. D.

    2010-01-01

    Background: In the debate on inclusive education, students without special educational needs (SEN) are an important topic. However, there is a lot unknown about differences between these typical students in inclusive and non-inclusive classes. For example, the neutral results that are often found in earlier research could be caused by positive…

  14. Special Education Report to the Board of Public Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montana Office of Public Instruction, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Public schools must make available special education and related services to all IDEA-eligible (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act) students with disabilities beginning at age three and through age 18. Services to students, ages 19, 20, and 21, are permissive. That means the decision to serve 19, 20 and 21-year-old students is determined…

  15. Doctoral Internships in Special Education Via State Education Agencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frith, Greg

    Listed are some considerations, including advantages and disadvantages, of doctoral internships in special education programs within state education agencies. Among advantages noted are that the student gains knowledge of the daily functioning of a state department while maintaining relations with his university, and that an awareness of other…

  16. The Essential Special Education Guide for the Regular Education Teacher

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burns, Edward

    2007-01-01

    The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) of 2004 has placed a renewed emphasis on the importance of the regular classroom, the regular classroom teacher and the general curriculum as the primary focus of special education. This book contains over 100 topics that deal with real issues and concerns regarding the regular classroom and…

  17. Special Education/Traffic Safety Education. Curriculum Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McBrayer, Clyde; Tidwell, Fred

    The curriculum guide for special education students is intended to serve as a supplement to the Washington 1980 State Traffice Safety Education Curriculum Guide. The guide is also correlated with two popular traffic safety texts. Each of the 21 modules contains a goal statement, a list of vocabulary words that might be difficult, a check sheet…

  18. Special Education Teacher Preparation in Kenya, Malawi, Zambia, and Zimbabwe

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chitiyo, Morgan; Odongo, George; Itimu-Phiri, Ambumulire; Muwana, Florence; Lipemba, Mary

    2015-01-01

    Researchers have repeatedly identified special education teacher shortage as one of the factors that have stymied the development of special education in many African countries. Highly qualified special education teachers are an integral part of successful national educational systems. In order to ensure an optimum supply of qualified special…

  19. Special Education Compliance: Program Review Standards and Indicators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Missouri State Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education, Jefferson City. Div. of Special Education.

    This manual contains special education standards and indicators for educating children with disabilities in Missouri. It is divided into four main sections. Section 1 contains special education compliance standards based upon the federal Office of Special Education Programs Continuous Improvement Monitoring Program clusters and indicators. The…

  20. Modelling Inclusive Special Needs Education: Insights from Dutch Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van der Bij, T.; Geijsel, F. P.; Garst, G. J. A.; Ten Dam, G. T. M.

    2016-01-01

    Inclusive special needs education is prominent on the international education agenda. Research on the characteristics of inclusive education for students with special needs and schools providing this is scarce, however. Our aim in the present study was therefore to further theory-building with regard to inclusive special needs education. On the…

  1. Mass. for-Profit Helps Schools Trim Special Education Costs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shah, Nirvi

    2011-01-01

    This article reports on a private Massachusetts company that specializes in showing districts how to rethink the way they staff and deliver special education services. Futures Education is a private company that works with dozens of districts around the country on cutting special education costs. Futures Education may be hired simply to evaluate…

  2. Phenomenological Study of Special Education Teachers Using an Emergency License

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alborn-Yilek, Susan

    2010-01-01

    The shortage of special education teachers is critical. One means used to increase the supply of available teachers is to issue an emergency license to teachers not fully certified in special education. This is a phenomenological study of four general education teachers practicing special education using an emergency license. Their experience is…

  3. Special Education Teacher Preparation in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keller, Clayton; Al-Hendawi, Maha; Abuelhassan, Hadeel

    2016-01-01

    The provision of special education for students with disabilities depends upon the availability of well-qualified special educators, which, in turn, depends upon the availability and characteristics of preparation programs. In countries of the world where special education systems are still developing the capacity to provide the education that…

  4. Disproportionate Representation of Minorities in Special Education--How Bad?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gentry, Ruben

    2009-01-01

    Appropriate special education is unquestionably beneficial for children with "real" disabilities. It offers them an individualized education plan to help develop their potential. But special education for children without specific disabilities, as more often the case of minorities, is unjustifiable. For the latter children, special education is…

  5. Special Education: Does It Fit with Standards-Based Reform?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kysilko, David, Ed.

    2001-01-01

    This issue focuses on how special education fits into standards-based reform and contains the following featured articles: (1) A New Vision for Special Education Accountability (Martha L. Thurlow and Jane L. Krentz) charts the change in special education accountability as it moves from the old focus on Individualized Education Program teams; (2)…

  6. Special Education Programs & Services. [Bureau of Indian Affairs Guidelines].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bureau of Indian Affairs (Dept. of Interior), Albuquerque, NM.

    The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) Guidelines for Special Education is a publication for use by educational personnel involved in special education. Emphasis is placed on the importance of preparing the exceptional child for the most useful future possible. Special education is seen as affording the exceptional child the opportunity to develop…

  7. Special Education: A Systematic Approach to Efficiency and Effectiveness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haar, Jean M.; Robicheau, Jerry W.; Palladino, John

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness and the efficacy of regional special education programs. Focus groups were conducted in an independent school district and two special education cooperatives. Focus groups were conducted with general education teachers, special education teachers, principals, paraprofessionals,…

  8. Kids in the Middle: The Micro Politics of Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strax, Marshall; Strax, Carol; Cooper, Bruce S.

    2012-01-01

    "Kids in the Middle: The Micro-Politics of Special Education" takes the reader on a fascinating journey through special education in the past, present, and future. On this journey, the micro-politics of special education are seen through the eyes and experiences of children with disabilities, their parents and advocates, adult educators, and…

  9. Demographic Report on Special Education Students in Postsecondary Education: Implications for School Counselors and Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kushner, Jason; Maldonado, Jose; Pack, Tresvil; Hooper, Buddy

    2011-01-01

    Using data from the Educational Longitudinal Study of the National Center for Education Statistics, this article describes data concerning educational expectations and use of school counselors for students enrolled in special education. Participants included students enrolled in special education from urban, suburban, and rural settings. Chi…

  10. The education of children with special educational needs in England

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Merry, Roger

    1986-03-01

    In the last few years, the Warnock Report and the 1981 Education Act have had a major effect on the education of children with special educational needs in English schools. This paper discusses the main points of the Report and the subsequent legislation and then takes examples of three local educational authorities — Leicestershire, Coventry, and Barnsley — to illustrate the range of responses that have been made. Although there is obvious overlap, the three approaches are rather different in emphasis and illustrate the ways in which an educational system based on local autonomy can respond to proposals and legislation made at national level.

  11. Towards a Framework for Understanding the Process of Educating the "Special" in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hausstatter, Rune Sarromaa; Connolley, Steven

    2012-01-01

    This article addresses the debate between traditionalism and inclusion within special education, and presents the argument that being disabled and having special needs are very real conditions, even though disabilities are socially constructed, and that teachers must respond to this reality. This article first presents a theoretical framework that…

  12. 77 FR 13297 - Applications for New Awards; Education Research and Special Education Research Grant Programs

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-06

    ... for Teachers and Related Services Providers Special Education Policy, Finance, and Systems Autism... Teachers and Related Services Providers. Special Education Policy, Finance, and Systems. Autism Spectrum..., Finance, and Systems. Autism Spectrum Disorders. Technology for Special Education. Families of...

  13. Tuition reimbursement for special education students.

    PubMed

    Zirkel, P A

    1997-01-01

    The spring 1996 issue of The Future of Children on special education reviewed the legislative and litigation history of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). This Revisiting article examines the impact of the two U.S. Supreme Court cases setting forth school districts' responsibility to reimburse parents of students with disabilities for private school tuition under certain circumstances. An extensive examination of published cases reveals that the number of cases litigated has increased but that the courts are no more likely to decide in favor of parents than they were before the Supreme Court rulings.

  14. The Play of Children with Special Needs in Mainstream and Special Education Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bray, Paula; Cooper, Rodney

    2007-01-01

    Educators and occupational therapists regard play as a primary occupation of childhood, which in the case of children with special needs has not been well studied. The aim of this descriptive study was to observe the free-play behaviour of children with special needs in both special education and mainstream education settings. The Revised…

  15. New Directions for a New Decade: A Report of the Special Commission on Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vermont State Board of Education, Montpelier.

    This report focuses on cost containment problems in Vermont's special education system and makes recommendations for reform. It examines the context of special education in terms of civil rights, advocacy, and individual versus system needs. The question of runaway costs in special education is addressed and supported with data from the fiscal…

  16. The Special Education Paradox: Equity as the Way to Excellence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skrtic, Thomas M.

    1991-01-01

    Critiques special education as a professional and institutional practice and public education as social practice. Compares the Education for All Handicapped Children Act and the Regular Education Initiative. Argues that school organization and specialized professional culture are not conducive to educational excellence and equity and proposes…

  17. Special Education Teachers' Experiences Supporting and Supervising Paraeducators: Implications for Special and General Education Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Douglas, Sarah N.; Chapin, Shelley E.; Nolan, James F.

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, there has been an increase in paraeducator supports, in large part because students with low incidence disabilities are being included more frequently in general education settings. As a result, special education teachers have been given additional supervisory responsibilities related to directing the work of paraeducators in…

  18. Certification Requirements for Early Childhood, Elementary, Secondary, Special Education, Communication Disorders, and Preschool Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Utah State Office of Education, Salt Lake City.

    These guidelines outline certification requirements for public school teachers in Utah and standards for teacher education programs. The Basic Teaching Certificate is distinguished from the Standard Teaching Certificate. Within each type, requirements are explained for early childhood, elementary, secondary, special education, communication…

  19. Education rights and the special needs child.

    PubMed

    Dalton, Margaret A

    2002-10-01

    A child with a disability has a federally protected right to special education and related services when he or she needs them to benefit from education. The term "disability" is not limited to physical disability but rather includes mental disability, including mental retardation, serious emotional disturbance, autism, traumatic brain injury, specific learning disabilities, and other health impairments. A parent may request that a child be evaluated by the school district for special education and related services. The law sets forth specific guidelines for the evaluation, assessment, and eligibility determination. Unique to each child, the IEP is the written plan that documents the child's special education and related services. The initial IEP is developed at a meeting among parents, various school personnel, and others whom the parents may wish to invite. Parents are an integral part of the team and are involved in all decisions by the team. The IEP must be reviewed annually, with attention given to whether educational objectives have been met. For a child with mental health issues, the IEP likely contains "related services," such as counseling, and measurable goals to improve behaviors in the school setting. When a child's condition is such that he or she cannot benefit from education in the regular school setting, other placements are considered. The school district maintains the ultimate responsibility of the cost of all such education placements, including residential care. A child with behaviors that result in frequent suspensions should have a functional analysis assessment by the school psychologist. The results of the assessment can be used to create a behavioral intervention plan. (If the school refuses to perform an assessment or develop a plan, the usual remedy of a due process hearing is available to the parents.) This plan should address problem behaviors and include strategies for redirecting the child's behavior. Even if a special education child

  20. Education rights and the special needs child.

    PubMed

    Dalton, Margaret A

    2002-10-01

    A child with a disability has a federally protected right to special education and related services when he or she needs them to benefit from education. The term "disability" is not limited to physical disability but rather includes mental disability, including mental retardation, serious emotional disturbance, autism, traumatic brain injury, specific learning disabilities, and other health impairments. A parent may request that a child be evaluated by the school district for special education and related services. The law sets forth specific guidelines for the evaluation, assessment, and eligibility determination. Unique to each child, the IEP is the written plan that documents the child's special education and related services. The initial IEP is developed at a meeting among parents, various school personnel, and others whom the parents may wish to invite. Parents are an integral part of the team and are involved in all decisions by the team. The IEP must be reviewed annually, with attention given to whether educational objectives have been met. For a child with mental health issues, the IEP likely contains "related services," such as counseling, and measurable goals to improve behaviors in the school setting. When a child's condition is such that he or she cannot benefit from education in the regular school setting, other placements are considered. The school district maintains the ultimate responsibility of the cost of all such education placements, including residential care. A child with behaviors that result in frequent suspensions should have a functional analysis assessment by the school psychologist. The results of the assessment can be used to create a behavioral intervention plan. (If the school refuses to perform an assessment or develop a plan, the usual remedy of a due process hearing is available to the parents.) This plan should address problem behaviors and include strategies for redirecting the child's behavior. Even if a special education child

  1. Special Education Reform Towards Inclusive Education: Blurring or Expanding Boundaries of Special and Regular Education in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deng, Meng; Zhu, Xinhua

    2016-01-01

    China has developed a three-tier special education service delivery system consisting of an array of placement options of special schools, special classes and learning in regular classrooms (LRC) (with the LRC as the major initiative) to serve students with disabilities after 1980s responding to the international trend of inclusive education…

  2. Special Education Teacher Education Teacher Preparation: An Ecological Approach to Professional Knowledge of Special Education and Teaching Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schumacher, Deborah

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation takes an ecological perspective by focusing on the interactions of program features, setting and people to examine factors in how teachers develop knowledge of special education and teacher practices, using a large graduate level special education preparation program for study. Scores on state teacher licensure tests are used as…

  3. Supporting Novice Special Education Teachers through Quality Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tate, Mary E.

    2013-01-01

    The special education teaching environment is a teaching environment with unique duties that often challenge novice special education teachers. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to gain clarity of the work environment of special education teachers to uncover professional development practices that would work to support them. Research…

  4. Vermont's Act 230 and Special Education Funding and Cost Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vermont State Dept. of Education, Montpelier.

    This report uses text, graphs, and tables to show how Vermont's Act 230 (1990) is being implemented to reform both regular and special education. The Act's goals focus on reducing dependence on categorical programs such as special education and increasing support available to students not eligible for special education through such strategies as…

  5. Classic Articles in Special Education: An Exploratory Investigation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLeskey, James; Landers, Eric

    2006-01-01

    This exploratory investigation sought to identify classic articles from the general special education literature that were published between 1960 and 1989. Initially, widely cited articles that were published during this time in "Exceptional Children, Remedial and Special Education," and "The Journal of Special Education" were identified. Faculty…

  6. INTERMEDIATE SCHOOL DISTRICT--IMPLICATIONS FOR SPECIAL EDUCATION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VUILLEMOT, L.D.

    THE COMPOUNDING PROBLEMS OF A SPECIAL EDUCATION PROGRAM IN A SCHOOL DISTRICT OF LESS THAN 15,000 POPULATION ARE OUTLINED BY THE DIRECTOR OF SPECIAL EDUCATION IN AN INTERMEDIATE SCHOOL DISTRICT IN ILLINOIS. A VARIETY OF ADAPTIVE ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURES IS CONSIDERED. THE DEVELOPMENT SINCE 1959-60 OF THE SPECIAL EDUCATION DISTRICT WHICH NOW SERVES…

  7. Special Education Teachers' Nature of Science Instructional Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulvey, Bridget K.; Chiu, Jennifer L.; Ghosh, Rajlakshmi; Bell, Randy L.

    2016-01-01

    Special education teachers provide critical science instruction to students. However, little research investigates special education teacher beliefs and practices around science in general or the nature of science and inquiry in particular. This investigation is a cross-case analysis of four elementary special education teachers' initial…

  8. New Perspectives in Special Education: Contemporary Philosophical Debates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farrell, Michael

    2012-01-01

    This book should be read by everyone who wants to understand special education today. "New Perspectives in Special Education" opens the door to the fascinating and vitally important world of theory that informs contemporary special education. It examines theoretical and philosophical orientations such as "positivism", "poststructuralism" and…

  9. MCPS Special Education at a Glance 2006-2007

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Public Schools, 2007

    2007-01-01

    Montgomery County Public Schools (MCPS) "Special Education at a Glance," which includes a copy of the "Guide to Planning and Assessing School-Based Special Education Programs," provides in a single document, information about the special education population at each Montgomery County (Maryland) public school, including…

  10. MCPS Special Education at a Glance 2011-2012

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Public Schools, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Montgomery County Public Schools (MCPS) "Special Education at a Glance," which includes a copy of the "Guide to Planning and Assessing School-Based Special Education Programs," provides in a single document, information about the special education population at each Montgomery County (Maryland) public school, including…

  11. MCPS Special Education at a Glance 2009-2010

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Public Schools, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Montgomery County Public Schools (MCPS) "Special Education at a Glance." which includes a copy of the "Guide to Planning and Assessing School-Based Special Education Programs." provides in a single document, information about the special education population at each Montgomery County (Maryland) public school, including…

  12. MCPS Special Education at a Glance 2010-2011

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Public Schools, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Montgomery County Public Schools (MCPS) "Special Education at a Glance," which includes a copy of the "Guide to Planning and Assessing School-Based Special Education Programs," provides in a single document, information about the special education population at each Montgomery County (Maryland public school, including…

  13. MCPS Special Education at a Glance 2012-2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Public Schools, 2013

    2013-01-01

    Montgomery County Public Schools (MCPS) "Special Education at a Glance," which includes a copy of the "Guide to Planning and Assessing School-Based Special Education Programs," provides in a single document, information about the special education population at each Montgomery County (Maryland) public school, including…

  14. MCPS Special Education at a Glance 2013-2014

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Public Schools, 2014

    2014-01-01

    Montgomery County Public Schools (MCPS) "Special Education at a Glance," which includes a copy of the "Guide to Planning and Assessing School-Based Special Education Programs," provides in a single document, information about the special education population at each Montgomery County public school, including enrollment,…

  15. MCPS Special Education at a Glance 2008-2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montgomery County Public Schools, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Montgomery County Public Schools (MCPS) "Special Education at a Glance," which includes a copy of the "Guide to Planning and Assessing School-Based Special Education Programs," provides in a single document, information about the special education population at each Montgomery County (Maryland) public school, including…

  16. Mental Health and Special Educational Needs: Exploring a Complex Relationship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Richard; Howley, Marie; Fergusson, Ann; Jament, Johnson

    2009-01-01

    The relationship between mental health and special educational needs is both complex and misunderstood. In this article, Richard Rose, Professor of Special and Inclusive Education, Marie Howley, Senior Lecturer, Ann Fergusson, Senior Lecturer, and Johnson Jament, a PhD student, all from the Centre for Special Needs Education and Research directed…

  17. Issues in Special Education Research within International Perspectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Margalit, Malka

    2000-01-01

    This commentary focuses on four common issues of concern that affect special education research in different countries: how philosophies, laws, and ethics influence special education research, how policymaking and research affect each other, how research topics are selected, and who conducts special education research with what methodologies.…

  18. Teacher Perceptions of Disproportionality of Minorities in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Park, Kristy Henry

    2010-01-01

    The intent of this study was to determine if special education teachers had certain perceptions regarding the disproportionate amount of minorities in special education classes. I examined special education teachers' awareness of the disproportionality, their causal theories, and the effectiveness of Response to Intervention (RTI) to regulate…

  19. Quality of Work Life: Perceptions of Jordanian Special Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Zboon, Eman K.; Al_Dababneh, Khuloud A. H.; Ahmad, Jamal

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the current study was to investigate the level of quality of work life QOWL of Jordanian special education teachers. Participants of the study were 133 special education teachers. Results showed that special education teachers cited average level of QOWL. Furthermore, teachers rated administrators' and colleagues' respect as the…

  20. Special Education Funding Reform: A Review of Impact Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sigafoos, Jeff; Moore, Dennis; Brown, Don; Green, Vanessa A.; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Lancioni, Giulio E.

    2010-01-01

    Various models for funding special education services have been described in the literature. This paper aims at moving the debate concerning special education funding reform beyond the descriptive level by reviewing studies that investigated the impact of various models for funding special education. Systematic searches were conducted of ERIC and…

  1. Revamping the Funding Formula for Special Education Programs in Taiwan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ho, Hsuan-fu; Chen, Pi-Yu

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the services required by students in special education programs and to estimate the cost of adequately funding special education in Taiwan. Questionnaires were administered to 300 special education teachers at the elementary school level to identify the services required. Thereafter, two focus group…

  2. Virtues and Well-Being of Korean Special Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, So-Young; Lim, Young-Jin

    2016-01-01

    Although much emphasis has been paid to stress and burnout among special education teachers, little attention has been paid to their well-being. This study aimed to examine relations between virtues and well-being among Korean special education teachers. Virtues and well-being of 115 Korean special education teachers were assessed using the…

  3. Munchausen by proxy: presentations in special education.

    PubMed

    Ayoub, Catherine C; Schreier, Herbert A; Keller, Carol

    2002-05-01

    Munchausen by proxy is a disorder in which a child is victimized through a form of child abuse called pediatric condition falsification (PCF). PCF has been documented for psychological and psychiatric conditions including one such form presented here in which educational disabilities are the focus of falsification. Parents meet their own self-serving needs through "impostering" as good mothers. This maternal mental disorder is called factitious disorder by proxy. This article presents a series of cases in which children have PCF that primarily consists of educational disabilities. Characteristics of the children, their mothers, and their families are outlined and outcomes for the 9 children in the sample are discussed. Guidelines for identification of children with PCF in educational settings are provided, and special guidance is offered in differential diagnosis.

  4. Caregivers' Experience during Their Children's Transition Process from Early Childhood Special Education Services to School-Aged Special Education Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hicks, Linda Yvonne

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates caregivers' perceptions of the transition process for children transitioning from Early Childhood Special Education (ECSE) to School Age Special Education services (SA). Interest in this topic developed during the researcher's 18 years of experience as an Itinerant Early Childhood Special Education Teacher during which she…

  5. Expanding the Boundaries of Special Education Preservice Teachers: The Impact of a Six-Week Special Education Study Abroad Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Laura E.; Battalio, Rosemary

    2008-01-01

    Special Education (SPED) in Scotland was a six-week study abroad program where pre-service special education teachers lived with host families and observed in Scottish schools in the area of special education. The program included coursework in the area of Emotional Behavioral Disabilities and traveling. This study sought to determine the impact…

  6. Learning to Collaborate: General and Special Educators in Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pellegrino, Anthony; Weiss, Margaret; Regan, Kelley

    2015-01-01

    One of the foremost challenges for K-12 teachers is to provide relevant learning experiences in an environment of increasing accountability and student diversity. This balance is particularly consequential for students with disabilities who rely on special and general education teachers to ensure access to and success within the general…

  7. What Teacher Educators Should Know about Poverty and Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manning, John P.; Gaudelli, William

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, we examine some modern myths of poverty and special education. Mythology has been a staple of curriculum for many years, particularly in the early grades. Students study mythology to understand historical societies, unearthing cultural values and mores communicated through fables. Not so benign are myths related to poverty and…

  8. Minnesota Department of Education Special Education Primer for Charter Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota Department of Education, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this document is to provide information and resources on special education for charter school sponsors and charter school directors. This document is the result of collaborative input from individuals who work in and with charter schools in Minnesota. It also represents the collaborative efforts of the following divisions of the…

  9. Educational Technology in Special Education. Didakometry No. 43.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magne, Olof

    With reference to data from a Swedish investigation into learning difficulties in mathematics, an analysis is presented of models and taxonomies applied to special education problems. The author suggests that such developmental cognitive theories as those of J. Bruner, J. Piaget, and R. Gagne are suitable as a starting point for a taxonomy in…

  10. Special Education Teacher Attrition: Development of a Resource Manual for Understanding the Individualized Educational Plan Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quezada, Karina

    2013-01-01

    Beginning special education teachers have been shown to experience attrition at an increasing rate. The literature has identified many factors contributing to special education teachers leaving the profession. Some of those factors include lack of knowledge regarding special education laws, the special education referral process, individualized…

  11. Handbook of Procedural Guidelines for Implementation of Special Education Curriculum: Critical Skills/Community-Based and Special Education Curriculum Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Riverside County Office of Education, CA. Div. of Special Schools and Services.

    The special education procedural handbook and the special education curriculum guide provide guidelines for teachers and other school personnel. The procedural handbook covers the following areas: individual education program process (IEP) and program placement, individual education program team, administrative placements, parent interviews,…

  12. Special Education Inclusion. Center for School Success Promising Practices Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Imbimbo, Josephine; Knopf, Naomi

    2009-01-01

    This publication focuses on special education inclusion. Inclusion is a term that expresses commitment to providing specially designed instruction and support for students with special needs in the context of a general education classroom. All students in the school are full members of the community, participating equitably in the opportunities…

  13. A Co-operative Approach to Training Special Educators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karagianis, L. D.; Nesbit, W. C.

    1979-01-01

    This article describes Memorial University's overseas campus program in Harlow, Essex, where special education teacher trainees spend 13 weeks gaining insight into British methods of special education through lecture-seminar courses, practicums in local schools, and field trips. Three field trips to special schools are discussed in detail. (SJL)

  14. A Rural Special Education Teacher Training Program: Successful Adaptations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prater, Greg; And Others

    The Rural Special Education Program (RSEP), a partnership between Northern Arizona University (NAU) and Kayenta Unified School District (KUSD), provides training for preservice special education teachers to work with Native American students and their families. To date, the program has provided training for 63 preservice special education…

  15. Special Education. A Program Evaluation Report. Report #97-03.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota State Office of the Legislative Auditor, St. Paul. Program Evaluation Div.

    This report presents findings of a state-wide evaluation of special education in Minnesota with emphasis on costs and the impact of state and federal regulations. Major findings indicated that the percentage of students receiving special education services has risen from 7.4 percent to 10.9 percent over the last two decades; special education…

  16. 75 FR 47798 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services-Special Demonstration Programs-Model...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-09

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services--Special Demonstration Programs--Model Demonstration Project To Improve Outcomes for Individuals Receiving Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI..., develop, and implement a model demonstration project to improve outcomes for individuals receiving...

  17. What Can Computer Technology Offer Special Education? Research & Resources: Special Education Information for Policymakers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Conference of State Legislatures, Washington, DC.

    Intended for policymakers, this brief addresses issues related to computer technology and its contributions to special education. Trends are noted and three types of applications are considered: computer assisted instruction, computer managed instruction, and computer support activities. Descriptions of several computer applications in local and…

  18. Instructional Materials Thesaurus for Special Education, Second Edition. Special Education IMC/RMC Network.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oldsen, Carl F.; And Others

    The thesaurus delineates the standard terminology used to index and retrieve instructional materials for exceptional children in the Special Education Instructional Materials Center/Regional Media Centers Network. The thesaurus is presented in three formats: an alphabetical listing (word by word rather than letter by letter), a rotated index, and…

  19. Rules for the Provision of Special Education to Special Education Students. Chapter 392-172 WAC.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington Office of the State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Olympia.

    This handbook provides state legal regulations for Washington State special education services and programs for students with disabilities. It includes requirements that address the following areas: (1) general authority and purpose of the requirements; (2) students' rights; (3) general definitions; (4) child find; (5) evaluation procedures; (6)…

  20. The Role of Policy in the Development of Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kiarie, Mary W.

    2014-01-01

    In terms of the number of students served and the overall quality of special education services provided, it is clear that special education has, from its early beginnings in the late seventeenth century, advanced at various rates in the different countries of the world. Data from the United States Department of Education (2007) indicates that 12%…

  1. Teachers' Perceptions of Greek Special Education Policies and Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Kevin J.; Morfidi, Eleni; Soulis, Spyros

    2013-01-01

    Special education teachers and related service providers were interviewed for their perspectives on Greek special education policies and practices and how these influenced their job preparation and duties. Specifically, they were asked about the impact of the following on their jobs: Greek law related to the education of students with…

  2. School Vouchers: Views from a Special Education Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Shannon S.

    2006-01-01

    The study of school choice for special education students brings together several important pieces of legislation which are separately the focus of high interest. This paper reviews the features of the three major special education bills (the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, section 504 of the Rehabilitation Acts, the Americans with…

  3. Language Interpretation for Diverse Families: Considerations for Special Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    More, Cori M.; Hart, Juliet E.; Cheatham, Gregory A.

    2013-01-01

    The special education field is challenged by a lack of attention to and recruitment of well-trained language interpreters in schools. As such, special education teachers need to take a leadership role in working with interpreters to ensure diverse families are collaborative members of individualized education program (IEP) teams. Using the…

  4. Problems, Needs, and Issues in Early Childhood Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordon, Thomas E.

    The critical problems, needs, and issues in early childhood special education are formulated, and an overall framework is suggested for their solution. What is called for in early childhood special education is an expansion of the educational and child development data banks, the creation of a Child Early Warning System (CEWS), the funding of…

  5. Bridging Two Worlds: Special Education and Curriculum Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Millar, Ruth; Morton, Missy

    2007-01-01

    In a report to the Aotearoa New Zealand Ministry of Education entitled "Curriculum Policy and Special Education Support" (2004), the team of writers noted the lack of collaboration between experts in these two fields. This paper explores the apparently separate worlds of special education and curriculum policy in order to develop an understanding…

  6. Pathways to Leadership and Professional Development: Inspiring Novice Special Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaufman, Roberta C.; Ring, Mary

    2011-01-01

    Well-trained new special education teachers know that the individualized education program (IEP) team is the crux of the special education program. The IEP team addresses academic goals and behavior intervention plans for the student but rarely addresses in depth the social environment of the school, classroom, or family. Important aspects of the…

  7. Engaging Students Regarding Special Needs in Technology and Engineering Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, David W.

    2015-01-01

    In 1984, James Buffer and Michael Scott produced the book "Special Needs Guide for Technology Education" (Buffer and Scott, 1984). This was a pivotal offering insofar as it set the stage for technology education educators, at the time, to think about and be provided with information regarding students with special needs in their…

  8. Special Education in Transition: Functional Assessment and Noncategorical Programming.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reschly, Daniel J., Ed.; Tilly, W. David, III, Ed.; Grimes, Jeffrey P., Ed.

    This volume offers 12 readings which attempt to synthesize key ideas underlying a shift toward functional and noncategorical approaches to special education in light of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Amendments of 1997. The chapters are: (1) "Origins of Categorical Special Education Services in Schools and a Rationale for Changing…

  9. Special Education Voucher Programs, Reflective Judgment, and Future Legislative Recommendations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bon, Susan C.; Decker, Janet R.; Strassfeld, Natasha

    2016-01-01

    As of 2015, 17 special education voucher programs (SVPs) existed in 13 states and proposals continue to emerge. Eligible parents utilize these vouchers to enroll their children in private schools and thereby relinquish special education services and protections provided under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Using a…

  10. Why Is Integration in Early Childhood Special Education Beneficial?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Backus, Susan

    This study polled 35 early childhood educators pursuing master's degrees in early childhood special education or early intervention concerning the integration of typically-developing children with those who have special needs. A nine-item survey questionnaire was developed to assess the educators attitudes concerning the benefits of such…

  11. What Do the Experts Say about Urban Special Education Issues?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nevin, Ann, Ed.

    2005-01-01

    The participants in a special education doctoral seminar for Urban SEALS (Special Education Academic Leaders) interacted with 4 national experts in urban education to identify and resolve several issues. The participants examined issues in four general areas: factors that impact students with disabilities in urban settings; factors related to…

  12. From Special to Inclusive Education in Macau (SAR)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forlin, Chris

    2011-01-01

    The education for learners with special education needs (SEN) in Macau (SAR), China, has gradually transitioned over the past 30 years from a completely segregated approach to a more inclusive one. Following a review of the development of special education and the transition towards inclusion in Macau, consideration is given to the enactment of…

  13. States Seek Federal Waivers to Cut Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Samuels, Christina A.

    2010-01-01

    At least three states have asked for permission to cut back on the money they provide districts for special education, under a built-in escape clause in the federal special education law that is aimed at financially struggling states. Iowa and Kansas have both been granted a waiver, which under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act…

  14. Collaboration between General and Special Education Teachers in Malaysia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khairuddin, Khairul Farhah; Dally, Kerry; Foggett, Judith

    2016-01-01

    Collaboration between general and special education teachers is a necessary component for the successful inclusion of students with a disability in regular schools, but little is known about how well this is working in countries where inclusive education is a recent initiative. This paper reports on the perceptions of special education teachers in…

  15. Virtually Forgotten: Special Education Students in Cyber Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnahan, Chris; Fulton, Lacey

    2013-01-01

    The area of online K-12 education is experiencing rapid growth, yet practice has greatly surpassed the research. This article looks to add to the field by examining special education students enrolled in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. There were over 2600 students in the state that were identified as special education students and enrolled in…

  16. The Place of Love in the Special Religious Education Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chalwell, Kaye

    2016-01-01

    Special Religious Education is faith-based single tradition religious education taught in many Australian public schools by volunteer teachers who are adherents of the faith they are teaching. This paper derives from a qualitative study of the pedagogy of Christian Special Religious Education teachers that took place between 2010 and 2014. Love is…

  17. Divorce and Special Education in Minnesota. PHP-c104

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    PACER Center, 2004

    2004-01-01

    When parents divorce, they sometimes have questions about which parent has rights in special education. The federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and Minnesota state special education laws and regulations clearly describe parental rights and the school district's duty to meet them. Most rights are unchanged by divorce. The…

  18. Personnel Recruitment and Retention in Special Education: Meeting the Challenge.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitworth, Jerry E.

    This paper was developed for the Illinois State Board of Education as part of a year long project to address the issue of personnel shortages in special education. Recommendations from a number of state committees and professional organizations were analyzed and additional input obtained from various professionals in regular and special education.…

  19. Special Education Report to the 63rd Legislature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montana Office of Public Instruction, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The Special Education Division of the Office of Public Instruction (OPI) provides many services to Montana schools to assist them in providing a quality education to all students. The programs managed through this division are all aligned with Superintendent Juneau's Graduation Matters Montana initiative. The special education division is…

  20. Refueling the STEM and Special Education Teacher Pipelines

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldhaber, Dan; Krieg, John; Theobald, Roddy; Brown, Nate

    2016-01-01

    Improving the quality of the teacher workforce is high on the nation's education policy agenda, but school systems continue to face difficulties in staffing STEM and special education classrooms with qualified teachers. This article documents the mismatch between the supply and demand of STEM and special education teachers in Washington State,…

  1. National Special Education Curriculum Guide Survey. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ash, Paul

    The bibliography lists 176 special education exemplary curriculum guides which were reported effective in the education of handicapped or gifted children as a result of a survey of state education agencies, universities, and special projects from over 40 states. Information provided for each guide includes title, publisher/vendor, copyright or…

  2. Special Education in the Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthews, Peter R.; Matthews, Barbara S.

    The report is based on a study of special education in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The educational structure of the province is discussed in the first section, with information on administration and policy formation. Information on general education at the preschool, primary, and adult levels is presented along with an overview of special education…

  3. Special Educational Needs Tribunal--A New British Innovation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khan, Anwar N.; Bloomer, Sheila

    1997-01-01

    Dissatisfaction with the previous special-education appeals system led Britain to adopt the 1993 Education Act, which created the Special Needs Tribunal (SENT). The tribunal aims to provide consistency of treatment within and among local education authorities and to avoid the confusion caused by varying and inconsistent LEA policies and decisions.…

  4. Elementary General and Special Education Teachers' Mathematics Skills and Efficacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flores, Margaret M.; Thornton, Jennifer; Franklin, Toni M.; Hinton, Vanessa M.; Strozier, Shaunita

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to extend the literature regarding elementary teachers' beliefs about mathematics instruction to include special education teachers by surveying special education and general education teachers' mathematics teaching efficacy. In addition, the researchers' surveyed teachers' mathematics skills. The participants (n =…

  5. A Comparative Study of Administrator and Special Education Teacher Perceptions of Special Education Teacher Attrition and Retention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheldrake, Danielle Angelina

    2013-01-01

    This mixed methods study identifies perceived causes of and solutions to the attrition of special education teachers. Researchers have documented that special education teaching positions encounter higher attrition rates than their general education peers (Katsiyannis, Zhang, & Conroy in Olivarez & Arnold, 2006; Mitchell & Arnold,…

  6. Meeting Inservice Teacher Education Needs Through Special Projects: Changing Curriculum for Exceptional Children and Special Education for Regular Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Richard E.; And Others

    Described are a Texas special education region's activities with the 3-year Project CCEC (Changing Curriculum for Exceptional Children) which provides training in the application of the theories of J. Piaget to the education of exceptional children, and with Project SERT (Special Education for Regular Teachers) which trains regular classroom…

  7. Ecological Theory and Methods for Research in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Myrtle

    1980-01-01

    The author discusses the substantive and methodological contributions which several disciplines can make to naturalistic research in the field of special education and raises definitional issues. (Author)

  8. Emerging Areas of Inquiry: Special Education Teacher Induction. Induction Insights. Supporting Special Education Teachers - Teacher Educators [TEII-8

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center to Inform Policy and Practice in Special Education Professional Development, 2010

    2010-01-01

    General education induction has received substantial attention from policymakers, researchers, and school district practitioners. Yet, the literature base has been described as fragmented, with methodological problems that often make it difficult to draw clear implications. The special education induction literature base is even less developed.…

  9. A Role for Music Therapy in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daveson, Barbara; Edwards, Jane

    1998-01-01

    Reviews the literature on the role and application of music therapy in special education in an Australian context. Notes that music therapy in Australia is practiced in medical contexts, education contexts, and in private practice and community programs. (DB)

  10. Microcomputer Software: A New IT Network for Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fowler, Peter

    1989-01-01

    With the loss of central funding of Special Education Microelectronic Resource Centres in Britain, local educational authorities have developed a network of new centers that is centrally coordinated. Addresses and contact persons for the 14 centers are listed. (DB)

  11. Special Teaching for Special Children? Pedagogies for Inclusion. Inclusive Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Ann, Ed.; Norwich, Brahm, Ed.

    2004-01-01

    Some special needs groups (for example dyslexia) have argued strongly for the need for particular specialist approaches. In contrast, many proponents of inclusion have argued that "good teaching is good teaching for all" and that all children benefit from similar approaches. Both positions fail to scrutinise this issue rigorously and coherently,…

  12. Training Special Educators: Sustaining Professional Development in Special School Placements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peter, Melanie

    2013-01-01

    With the rapidly changing demographic due to survival rates from medical advances, the need to strengthen training on SEND is now recognised, and special school placements valued, having been previously marginalised within initial teacher training. Practices developed since 2008 at one university to support progression of trainees to gain advanced…

  13. Special Children, Special Care: Early Childhood Education for Children with Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield.

    This manual is a guide to recommended practices and procedures for meeting the special educational needs of young children with disabilities, especially those ages 3 through 5 in Illinois. Chapter 1 provides a brief history of national and Illinois state mandates in early childhood special education, notes the critical role of the family, and…

  14. A Phenomenological Exploration of the Lived Experience of Special Education Teachers Working with Special Needs Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keeler, Kristy M.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to increase understanding of the lived experiences of special education teachers. The Giorgi phenomenological model was utilized for this qualitative project. The study looked in detail at the lived experiences of five special education teachers actively working in Pennsylvania schools. Information gathered came from…

  15. Special Education and the Juvenile Justice System. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burrell, Sue; Warboys, Loren

    This bulletin summarizes provisions of federal law as they pertain to special education and juvenile justice. It discusses provisions of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act 1997 including: the definition of disability; free appropriate public education; identification, referral, and evaluation; the individualized education program…

  16. Special Educational Rights for Parents of Children with Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Copenhaver, John; Taylor, Mae

    This handbook describes parent educational rights mandated under federal rules and regulations of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, including the amendments of 1997 (IDEA), and the Bureau of Indian Affairs/Office of Indian Education Programs special education eligibility document. Each main topic is preceded by a box that contains a…

  17. Special Physical Education: Adapted, Individualized, Developmental. Seventh Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunn, John M.

    This text on physical education for children and adolescents with disabilities attempts to bring together current research findings and best educational practices from the fields of adapted physical education, special education, psychology, medicine, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and therapeutic recreation. The book is organized into…

  18. Is a Sociology of Special and Inclusive Education Possible?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomlinson, Sally

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the expansion of education systems that now, following international declarations, are expected to offer an "Education for All" to children, young people and adults. Since in these declarations special education and inclusive education are conjoined, sociological questions can be asked as to what sort of social…

  19. Special Admissions Students: Dis-Engaged from the Educational Enterprise.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinchcliff-Pelias, Mary; Lind, Scott L.; Treinen, Kristen P.

    Special admissions programs may offer access into higher education for students who, for various reasons, do not meet the institutions' standard admissions criteria. Once the special admissions status has been granted, these programs provide support to these students. This paper is not a critique of special admissions programs in general or…

  20. Back-to-School Special Education Technology Resource Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edyburn, Dave L., Ed.

    1990-01-01

    This newsletter special issue provides a compendium of information, strategies, and resources concerning the use of technology by individuals with special needs. A section on strategies for the effective use of technology contains the following papers: "A Philosophy for the Use of Technology in Special Education" (A. Edward Blackhurst and Margaret…

  1. Does Special Education Improve Preschoolers' Academic Skills? Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Amanda L.; Field, Samuel

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated associations between enrollment in preschool special education and school readiness skills for children with mild to moderate delays. Findings indicated that on average, children who received preschool special education services had lower scores in reading and math in kindergarten than similar children who did not receive…

  2. Measuring Time: The Stability of Special Education Teacher Time Use

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vannest, Kimberly J.; Parker, Richard I.

    2010-01-01

    Instructional time use is an intervention without equal. The measure of such has clear and important implications for special education practice and research. Although exhortations to maximize instruction and thereby student engagement exist throughout the literature, few studies discuss how special education teachers use their time, and none…

  3. Personalizing Research: Special Educators' Awareness of Evidence-Based Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guckert, Mary; Mastropieri, Margo A.; Scruggs, Thomas E.

    2016-01-01

    Although evidence-based practices are considered critical to student success, a research-to-practice gap exists. This qualitative study examined practicing special education teachers' perceptions of their use of evidence-based practices. Special education teachers were interviewed and their classroom practices examined. Major themes emerged and…

  4. Analysis of Special Education Tribunal Outcomes Using Luhmann's Systems Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valeo, Angela; Underwood, Kathryn

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines Special Education Tribunals, in Ontario, Canada through a Luhmannian theoretical lens. At total of 58 Special Education Tribunal summary hearings were analyzed using the constant comparative method through NVivo software. The results revealed that these Tribunals appear to favour the assessment testimony of teachers and other…

  5. Recovery of Expert Fees in Special Education Due Process Hearings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yell, Mitchell L.; Katsiyannis, Antonis; Ryan, Joseph B.; McDuffie, Kimberly

    2008-01-01

    The U.S. Supreme Court issued three rulings in special education cases during the past 2 years. Considering that in the previous 25 years, the high court had issued only 14 rulings, these three decisions represent a significant increase in the special education cases heard by the Court. These important rulings all addressed parental rights in due…

  6. Evaluating a Special Education Training Programme in Nicaragua

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delkamiller, Julie; Swain, Kristine D.; Ritzman, Mitzi J.; Leader-Janssen, Elizabeth M.

    2016-01-01

    This study examined a two-year special education and inclusive practices in-service training programme with a university in Nicaragua. Participants included 14 teachers from nine schools in Nicaragua. Participants' knowledge of special education concepts were evaluated as part of assessing the training modules. In addition, programme evaluation…

  7. Leadership of South Carolina's High School Special Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slatton, Sarah

    2011-01-01

    For many years special education was not a priority for principals because most special needs children did not attend public school or were not identified as having a disability. However, recent changes in federal and state education legislation require that all public schools show growth in student academic achievement for all children, including…

  8. The Impending Shortage of Special Education Faculty: A Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, D. D.; Young, C.; Montrosse, B.; Tyler, N. C.; Robb, S. M.

    2011-01-01

    This document highlights the major findings of a four-year study about the supply and demand of special education college and university faculty. The Special Education Faculty Needs Assessment (SEFNA) project concluded its data collection efforts in July of 2011. This national study continued the work of previous efforts that found the shortage of…

  9. Retention in Special Education Teachers in Georgia: A Phenomenological Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Arndra N.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative study using a phenomenological approach was to identify and examine factors influencing the retention rate of special education teachers in rural and urban schools in middle Georgia. Provided in this study are factors that are related to retention in special education teachers. Semistructured interviews were used to…

  10. How We Might Achieve the Radical Reform of Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kauffman, James M.

    1993-01-01

    Special education faces three tasks created by pressures toward change: (1) keeping the issue of physical place in perspective, (2) choosing idea over image, and (3) avoiding fanaticism. Achievement of substantive reform calls for disaggregating special education populations, elaborating conceptual foundations, and strengthening the empirical…

  11. Sexually Transmitted Infection among Adolescents Receiving Special Education Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mandell, David S.; Eleey, Catharine C.; Cederbaum, Julie A.; Noll, Elizabeth; Hutchinson, M. Katherine; Jemmott, Loretta S.; Blank, Michael B.

    2008-01-01

    Background: To estimate the relative risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among children identified as having learning disabilities through the special education system. Methods: This cross-sectional study used special education data and Medicaid data from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, for calendar year 2002. The sample comprised 51,234…

  12. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Wood Products Assembly.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on wood products assembly is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach…

  13. Teacher Efficacy of Alternative and Traditionally Certified Special Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Sean Michael

    2012-01-01

    A teacher shortage in the area of special education has led to an increase in the number of alternatively certified special education teachers. Many alternative certification programs focus on content knowledge rather than pedagogical training, allowing many alternatively certified teachers into the classroom with little pedagogical training.…

  14. Intersectionality as a Framework for Transformative Research in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    García, Shernaz B.; Ortiz, Alba A.

    2013-01-01

    Multicultural and bilingual special education scholars have long advocated that research and practice situate (dis)ability in its social, cultural, racial/ethnic, linguistic, historical, legal, and political contexts. Still, the special education literature reflects more restricted conceptualizations of culture, language, and diversity than…

  15. Fundamental Attributes of Exemplary State Special Education Dispute Resolution Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Appropriate Dispute Resolution in Special Education (CADRE), 2013

    2013-01-01

    Between Fall 2008 and Summer 2010, the Center for Appropriate Dispute Resolution in Special Education (CADRE) analyzed state special education dispute resolution systems and their components, with the objective of identifying particularly effective systems and creating a resource that other states could draw on when considering improvement…

  16. What Does "Highly Qualified" Mean for Urban Special Educators?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shealey, Monika Williams; McHatton, Patricia Alvarez; Farmer, Jennie

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the authors discuss the context of urban special education and the complexities of meeting the demands of standards-based reform in urban settings. The study presented highlights the voices of urban special educators in two large urban school districts as they navigate meeting the demands of teaching students with disabilities,…

  17. State Special Education Finance Systems, 1992-93.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Reilly, Fran

    This report which describes state systems for financing special education programs for school-age children with disabilities, is based on a is based on a national survey of state directors of special education during the 1992-93 school year. Emphasis is on determining state funding formulas, recognizing that many states are currently in various…

  18. Masters of Weaving: The Complex Role of Special Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hillel Lavian, Rivka

    2015-01-01

    Special education teachers work under more difficult, more intense, and more demanding conditions than mainstream teachers. Relations between teachers, pupils, and parents are more complex than in mainstream education due to the intensity, intimacy, vulnerability, and commitment involved. Teachers require special skills so they can practice…

  19. Trainning of Special Education Teachers about Curriculum Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozcan, Deniz; Uzunboylu, Huseyin

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine the needs of special education teachers about curriculum development, and to implement the constructivist approach to in-service training programme for special education teachers. Furthermore, this study seeks to evaluate the developed in-service training programme. The descriptive and experimental methods…

  20. Special Education: Evaluation and Reevaluation. Alliance Action Information Sheets

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Technical Assistance ALLIANCE for Parent Centers, 2007

    2007-01-01

    Before a child receives special education or related services, he or she must have an evaluation. The evaluation will help determine if a child needs special education. A parent or a member of the school staff may make the request for an evaluation. The child's parent must give consent in writing for the first evaluation. The evaluation will…

  1. Special Education Certification: A State of the Art Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilmore, Joseph T.; Argyros, Nicholas S.

    Designed as a working document on professional preparation of special education instructional and support personel, the report analyzes the state of the art in special education certification. It is explained that data on certification requirements was collected from each state, and that results indicated the existence of four models: categorical…

  2. The "Postmodern" Heresy in Special Education: A Sociological Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Danforth, Scot

    2004-01-01

    The special education profession has witnessed a recent struggle between researchers who defend a positivistic approach to knowledge and practice and "postmodern" special educators who challenge that approach. In this analysis I utilize a sociological theory of heresy to examine the conflict between postmodern heresy and positivist orthodoxy. I…

  3. Hispanic Representation in Special Education: Patterns and Implications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guiberson, Mark

    2009-01-01

    The inaccurate placement of minority students in special education programs can take various forms including overrepresentation, underrepresentation, and misidentification. First, overrepresentation occurs when the percentage of minority students in special education programs is greater than that in the school population as a whole. Second,…

  4. Where Are All the Black Male Special Education Teachers?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, LaRon A.

    2016-01-01

    The under-representation of Black male teachers in special education has significant consequences. Historically, Black males account for the disproportionately high number of children served in K-12 special education programs (Talbert-Johnson, 2001). Often, the children are evaluated using racially-biased assessments (Cartledge & Duke, 2008).…

  5. Special Education in the Americas: Contrasts, Needs, and Possible Solutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perelman, Phyllis F.

    The author describes differences in the number and quality of special education programs available in Latin America and suggests directions for improved delivery of special education services. The relatively high level of services provided in Costa Rica are contrasted with the minimal services available in Honduras. The training-based model in…

  6. Quantitative vs. Qualitative Approaches to Quality Special Education Program Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council of Administrators of Special Education, Inc.

    One in a series of issue papers commissioned by the Council of Administrators of Special Education (CASE), this document presents a comparison of contemporary evaluation approaches for special education programs. The first section describes the two approaches to be compared: (1) traditional scientific inquiry which emphasizes quantitative methods;…

  7. Special Educators and Mathematics Phobia: An Initial Qualitative Investigation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Humphrey, Michael; Hourcade, Jack J.

    2010-01-01

    Special educators are uniquely challenged to be content experts in all curricular areas, including mathematics, because students in their caseloads may require academic instruction in any area. However, special educators with math phobia may be limited in their ability to provide effective instruction to their students with mathematical deficits…

  8. Principals' Knowledge of Fundamental and Current Issues in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wakeman, Shawnee Y.; Browder, Diane M.; Flowers, Claudia; Ahlgrim-Delzell, Lynn

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of the study is to determine the comprehensive knowledge base of national secondary principals related to special education issues. Using a survey developed from the empirical and conceptual literature for assessing fundamental and current issues in special education, data were collected from a national sample of secondary school…

  9. Measuring Rater Reliability on a Special Education Observation Tool

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Semmelroth, Carrie Lisa; Johnson, Evelyn

    2014-01-01

    This study used generalizability theory to measure reliability on the Recognizing Effective Special Education Teachers (RESET) observation tool designed to evaluate special education teacher effectiveness. At the time of this study, the RESET tool included three evidence-based instructional practices (direct, explicit instruction; whole-group…

  10. Early Developments in Special Education: Some Aspects of Enlightenment Thought.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winzer, M. A.

    1986-01-01

    The French Enlightenment spawned intellectual activities and concepts that had positive impact on the genesis and development of special education, including altering societal perceptions of handicapped persons, devising training methods still used today, and imbuing special education with a spirit of hope and optimism. (Author/CB)

  11. Toward More Integrated Special Education Funding and Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Verstegen, Deborah A.; McLaughlin, Margaret J.

    1995-01-01

    This newsletter theme issue presents two separate articles: (1) "Toward More Integrated Special Education Funding and Services: A Federal Perspective" (Deborah A. Verstegen) and (2) "Toward More Integrated Special Education Funding and Services: A Local Perspective" (Margaret J. McLaughlin). The first article discusses results of a study of the…

  12. Burnout among Special Education Administrators: A Preliminary Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, Susan J.

    2011-01-01

    Research on the extent of stress and burnout among special education administrators is not as well developed as research on the extent of stress and burnout among teachers. This study utilized the Maslach Burnout Inventory to determine levels of stress and burnout among administrators of special education. Results indicated administrators of…

  13. Single-Subject Designs in Special Education: Advantages and Limitations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alnahdi, Ghaleb H.

    2015-01-01

    Single-subject designs provide the special education field with an alternative to group designs. The purpose of this paper is to introduce the topic of single-subject designs by providing an overview of the relevant literature and a discussion of the major issues and applications of these designs in the field of special education. This paper is…

  14. Childhood Placement in Special Education and Adult Well-Being

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chesmore, Ashley A.; Ou, Suh-Ruu; Reynolds, Arthur J.

    2016-01-01

    The present study investigates the relationship between childhood placement in special education and adult well-being among 1,377 low-income, minority children participating in the Chicago Longitudinal Study. Roughly 16% of the sample received special education services in Grades 1 to 8. After accounting for sociodemographic factors and early…

  15. Special Education and Student Services in Oregon. 1994 Status Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Almond, Patricia, Ed.

    This report on special education services in Oregon provides a statement of what has been accomplished and a baseline measure for use in gauging future progress. It offers a long range plan for special education, focusing on secondary and transition programs, severe emotional disturbance, low incidence populations, family involvement, the talented…

  16. Ideas for Integrating the Microcomputer with Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pollard, Jim, Ed.

    This publication contains six presentations on using microcomputers in special education, submitted by special education teachers at informal information sharing sessions. The first is a lesson plan involving pre-computer activities that prepare preschool developmentally delayed children for using a computer keyboard. Finger isolation and…

  17. Academy Breaks the Isolation of Special Education Directors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WestEd, 2014

    2014-01-01

    Most special education administrators do not get the chance to network regularly with professional peers to discuss job challenges and strategies. School-district special education directors routinely juggle complex, difficult, time-consuming, and emotion-laden job demands, but when things get tough, they usually find themselves solving problems…

  18. Educating the Special Child in the Caribbean and Central America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris-Stowe State Coll., St. Louis, MO. Teacher Education Dept.

    This paper represents the perspectives of 25 special education teacher scholarship students from 13 Caribbean and Central American countries (Barbados, Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nevis, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Dominica, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Jamaica, Grenada, and Antigua) on the status of special education in their…

  19. Recent Legal Developments of Interest to Special Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zirkel, Perry A.

    2013-01-01

    An overview is provided of five recent legal developments that merit special attention of special educators: (a) the amended Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA) regulations concerning parental consent, including subsequent agency interpretations concerning their practical application; (b) the IDEIA provisions and…

  20. Quality Special Education Programs: The Role of Transformational Leadership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clinton, Demi

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative study was to determine whether or not a relationship existed between principals who demonstrate transformational leadership traits and six different quality practices in their special education program. Effective principals must know and understand special education laws, practices, and current issues, but evidence…

  1. Special Education of Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Popova, Svetlana; Lange, Shannon; Burd, Larry; Nam, Seungree; Rehm, Jürgen

    2016-01-01

    The current study aimed to estimate the cost associated with special education among children (5 to 14 years) with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in elementary and middle school by sex, age group, and province and territory in Canada. It was estimated that there were 6,520 students with FASD receiving special education in Canada in…

  2. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Mechanical Assembly.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on mechanical assembly is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education for the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach…

  3. Special Education Services: A Manual of Policies, Procedures and Guidelines

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    British Columbia Ministry of Education, 2013

    2013-01-01

    This resource conveys policies, procedures, and guidelines that support the delivery of special education services in British Columbia's (Canada) public schools. It was originally published in 1995 (ED414703), following an extensive provincial Special Education Review (1993-94). The purpose of this manual is to provide a single point of reference…

  4. Problems Faced by Preservice Special Education Teachers in Jordan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Hiary, Ghaleb M.; Almakanin, Hisham A.; Tabbal, Suha A.

    2015-01-01

    One of the most important factors in the success of educating children with special needs is the quality of the special education teacher. While teachers are responsible for a plethora of duties, it is important that teacher preparation programs provide adequate training to ensure teachers are well prepared for the teaching profession. However,…

  5. Preparing Special Education Research Articles in APA Style.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Algozzine, Bob; Spooner, Fred; Karvonen, Meagan

    2002-01-01

    This article addresses key considerations in preparing special education research articles for submission to professional journals in which the preferred style guide is the "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association." The guidelines are drawn from special education literature, from editors, and from authors experienced in…

  6. Examining Greek Special Education Teachers' Individual and Collaborative Teaching Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morfidi, Eleni; Samaras, Anastasia P.

    2015-01-01

    In this exploratory study, the authors examine Greek special education teachers' individual and collaborative teaching experiences in the context of their literacy instruction. The Five Foci Framework, situated in Vygotskian theory, is utilized in the study's design to examine special education teachers' individual and collaborative experiences…

  7. Teacher Preparation for Early Childhood: Special Education in Taiwan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ho, Hua-Kuo

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is intended to present the current model of teacher preparation for early childhood special education in Taiwan. Documentary analysis was conducted in the study to collect and analyze the obtained data. The main features of teacher preparation policies for early childhood special education in Taiwan could be summarized…

  8. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Ornamental Horticulture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on ornamental horticulture is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach…

  9. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Distributive Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on distributive services is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handcapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach…

  10. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Graphics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on graphics is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach job-required…

  11. External Mentoring Support for Early Career Special Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dempsey, Ian; Christenson-Foggett, Judith

    2011-01-01

    The special education teaching profession has experienced longstanding problems with shortages of qualified teaching staff and with high turnover rates of these staff. A variety of issues are related to these problems, including the nature of the support that early career special education teachers receive. In this case study research, the use of…

  12. Mentoring Special Educators: The Roles of National Board Certified Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wasburn, Mara H.; Wasburn-Moses, Leah; Davis, Darrel R.

    2012-01-01

    Although mentoring programs for novice special education teachers have been highly touted, there is scant research describing either novice needs or mentor roles. This study is based on a sample of 66 randomly selected national board certified teachers (NBCTs) in special education in an effort to determine the nature and extent of their…

  13. An Action-Oriented Research Approach to Privatized Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mendoza, Kathryn

    2014-01-01

    Bright Horizons, a private school located in Florida, specializes in working with students of varying exceptionalities and is founded on the principles of action research. It began as an effort to create an alternative educational opportunity for a few specific children and grew into a special education school open to the community. The purpose of…

  14. The Special Educator's Survival Guide, 2nd Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pierangelo, Roger

    2004-01-01

    Written for educators who work with special children and teens, this second edition of a best-selling classic offers a practical guide to every facet of the special education teacher's job, from teaching in a self-contained classroom or resource room to serving on a multidisciplinary team. This easy-to-follow format, takes you step by step through…

  15. Beyond Special Education: A New Vision of Academic Support

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mowschenson, Julie Joyal; Weintraub, Robert J.

    2009-01-01

    This article describes Brookline High School's new Tutorial Program, an alternative to the more traditional special education learning center. The Tutorial serves students with learning disabilities, replacing conventional special education support with academic guidance from regular classroom teachers. Tutorial students meet daily with a team of…

  16. A Resource Paper on the Relative Cost of Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osher, Trina; And Others

    This resource paper describes two recent studies and one report on special education costs and the methodology used in their analyses. Each study and its data source are summarized with a short discussion on the quality of the data and its usefulness and limitations in generating reliable cost estimates for special education. The paper summarizes…

  17. Images: Issues and Trends in Rural Special Education - January 1983.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Helge, Doris

    The 1983 study surveyed the largest number of rural LEAs/cooperatives to date plus a number of Bureau of Indian Affairs schools and examined previously unaddressed areas such as rural special education technology. Special education administrators from 200 rural school systems in all 50 states (4 from each state) were involved in this survey…

  18. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Electronic Assembly.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on electronic assembly is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach…

  19. Special Education in Early Childhood. A Burning Issues Series Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    San Diego County Office of Education, CA.

    The National Preschool Coordination Project's (NPCP) Interstate Coordination Committee identified problems in finding and providing special education services for preschool migrant children. They propose training for parents and migrant staff and coordination among agencies to improve services. The NPCP Subcommittee on Special Education identified…

  20. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Building Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on building maintenance is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach…

  1. Rules Relaxed on Budget Cuts to Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shah, Nirvi

    2011-01-01

    The author reports on controversial new guidance issued by the federal government which will allow districts to make permanent cuts in special education spending. In the past, federal law was interpreted to mean that once a district set its special education budget, it could not be reduced permanently except for very specific reasons. The…

  2. Building Parent Trust in the Special Education Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wellner, Laurie

    2012-01-01

    If trust is born in strong relationships, then first encounters are critical. Parents of students with disabilities undergo a great deal of stress and come to educational professionals for help with vital specialized tasks, including assessment, placement, progress monitoring, and maintenance of their child's ongoing needs. Special education is a…

  3. Review of the Present Situation of Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

    The review of special education worldwide is based on questionnaire replies of appropriate ministries in 58 United Nations member states during 1986-87. The first part of the review consists of a summary and analysis of data collected concerning such aspects of special education as policy, legislation, administration and organization, special…

  4. Charter Schools as Leverage for Special Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chang, Tommy

    2014-01-01

    Few studies have examined the intersection of charter school and special education policies. The concerns around the serving of special education students in charter schools must be carefully studied, especially as charter schools continue to grow in numbers and continue to serve a greater percentage of public school students. New policies must…

  5. An Employment Interview Instrument for Special Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ebmeier, Howard; Beutel, Jennifer L.; Dugan, Erin

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop and field test an employment screening instrument for special education teachers. The instrument developed demonstrated good reliability and concurrent validity. Both principals and special education administrators could effectively use the instrument. The instrument shows promise for helping administrators…

  6. The Marketplace: Report on Technology in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Behrmann, June, Ed.; Lahm, Elizabeth A., Ed.

    1988-01-01

    Three reports on technology in special education identify major trends, describe availability and characteristics of adaptive hardware, and report on special education costs and demographic data. The first report notes the continuing interest of the Federal Government in technology, the changing federal policy toward hardware acquisition, and such…

  7. Replication of Special Education Research: Necessary but Far Too Rare

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Makel, Matthew C.; Plucker, Jonathan A.; Freeman, Jennifer; Lombardi, Allison; Simonsen, Brandi; Coyne, Michael

    2016-01-01

    Increased calls for rigor in special education have often revolved around the use of experimental research design. However, the replicability of research results is also a central tenet to the scientific research process. To assess the prevalence, success rate, and authorship history of replications in special education, we investigated the…

  8. State Plan for Special Education. Effective May 1, 1984.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kansas State Dept. of Education, Topeka.

    The state plan outlines aspects of special education in Kansas. The initial section provides background information and outlines the needs in teaching positions (both professional and paraprofessional) and in the numbers of students receiving special education. The second section addresses the following state department operations: administration…

  9. Building Successful Multicultural Special Education Programs through Innovative Leadership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Obiakor, Festus E.; Beachum, Floyd D.; Williams, Darrell; McCray, Carlos R.

    2006-01-01

    With increased debates over various aspects of special education, it has become apparent that multicultural leadership is needed to prepare school administrators and teachers to design effective special education programs. In this article, the authors discuss several aspects of administering successful programs for multicultural students. To be…

  10. Assessing LEP Migrant Students for Special Education Services. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lozano-Rodriguez, Jose R.; Castellano, Jaime A.

    Many migrant students are not identified for needed special education services in a timely manner. This digest describes the obligations of schools to provide such services, and discusses approaches for student referral, assessment, and placement and working with migrant families. Federal mandates concerning special education are summarized, and…

  11. Special Education Teacher Retention: An Examination of Selected Veteran Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hogan, Andrea E.

    2012-01-01

    Special Education Teacher Retention: An Examination of Selected Veteran Teachers is a qualitative study that examined what prompted veteran special education teachers to continue in the critical shortage fields even though they contend with challenging situations that have been a deterrent for others to remain in the classroom (e.g. Nelson, 2001).…

  12. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Building Trades.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on building trades is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach job-required…

  13. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Office Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on office services is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach job-required…

  14. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Food Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on food services is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach job-required…

  15. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Packaging.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on packaging is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach job-required…

  16. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Floriculture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on floriculture is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach job-required…

  17. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Automotive Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on automotive maintenance is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education of the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach…

  18. Occupational Education for Students with Special Needs: Body & Fender Repair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassau County Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Westbury, NY.

    This curriculum resource guide on body and fender repair is one of a series of seventeen specialized curriculum guides for occupational education for the marginal, handicapped, or special needs occupational education student. The guide begins with six behavior clusters that contain a series of forty-two instructional topics designed to teach…

  19. Retaining Mexican American Special Education Teachers in Texas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lopez-Estrada, Veronica; Koyama, Michelle

    2010-01-01

    Although there have been numerous studies addressing factors that cause special education teachers to leave the classroom, few have focused on factors that contribute to teachers remaining in the field for 5 years or more. This study examines the factors that contribute to the retention of Mexican American special education teachers in the lower…

  20. A Special Education Teacher's Networks: A Finnish Case

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuomainen, Jenna; Palonen, Tuire; Hakkarainen, Kai

    2010-01-01

    This case study analyzed a special education (SE) teacher's activity within his workplace community and external professional network in a Finnish special education context. The nature of the SE teacher's networks and his networking role were examined using an interview and a questionnaire, completed by the teachers working in the community…

  1. Subject Qualification Vexing for Teachers in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Samuels, Christina A.

    2005-01-01

    Subject qualification for teachers in special education is a requirement that comes from the federal No Child Left Behind Act and the reauthorized Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Both laws require states to define what makes a highly qualified teacher. Meeting the standard may be a particular challenge for special education…

  2. Special Education: Nonpublic School and Nonpublic Agency Study. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parrish, Thomas; Chen, Gina; Shaw, Heather

    This legislatively mandated study is an outgrowth of California's new special education finance law that changed the basis of special education funding to a census system based on the total number of students enrolled in a school district. The study interviewed program directors, school administrators, and policy advisors on whether the state…

  3. Closing Reflections: Public Policy, Advocacy, and Special Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West, Jane E.; Shepherd, Katharine G.

    2016-01-01

    When the Higher Education Consortium for Special Education (HECSE) convened in January 2016 in Washington, we celebrated both IDEA's and HECSE's 40th anniversaries. As we reflected on those two anniversaries, the convictions that generated this special issue became increasingly evident: the irrevocable significance of the impact of public policy…

  4. General Education Students' Changing Perceptions of Students with Special Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Novak, Ashley D.; Bartelheim, Frederick J.

    2012-01-01

    Schools are becoming more inclusive and more students with special needs are accessing general education classrooms than ever. This action research study investigated general education students changing perceptions of students with special needs through the use of various interventions (e.g., classroom discussions, organized games, buddy reads,…

  5. The Development and Current Status of Special Education in Nicaragua.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miron, Gary

    1995-01-01

    Maintains that economic pressure and military incursions supported by the United States have resulted in draconian cuts in special education services in Nicaragua. Prior to 1979, special education was extremely expensive. A UNICEF program, financed by the Swedish government, provides limited but effective support. (MJP)

  6. Special Education of Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

    PubMed Central

    Popova, Svetlana; Lange, Shannon; Burd, Larry; Nam, Seungree; Rehm, Jürgen

    2016-01-01

    Abstract The current study aimed to estimate the cost associated with special education among children (5 to 14 years) with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in elementary and middle school by sex, age group, and province and territory in Canada. It was estimated that there were 6,520 students with FASD receiving special education in Canada in 2011–2012. The cost of special education among these students was 53.5 million Canadian dollars. Implications for decision- and policymakers, educational systems and school staff are discussed.

  7. Special Education of Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

    PubMed Central

    Popova, Svetlana; Lange, Shannon; Burd, Larry; Nam, Seungree; Rehm, Jürgen

    2016-01-01

    Abstract The current study aimed to estimate the cost associated with special education among children (5 to 14 years) with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in elementary and middle school by sex, age group, and province and territory in Canada. It was estimated that there were 6,520 students with FASD receiving special education in Canada in 2011–2012. The cost of special education among these students was 53.5 million Canadian dollars. Implications for decision- and policymakers, educational systems and school staff are discussed. PMID:27695197

  8. Inclusion of Special Education Students: Regular Education and Special Education Teachers Perceptions in a Northside School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Ernest E.

    2008-01-01

    In 1990 the Congress of the United States passed Public Law 101-476, The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). This law mandated that students with disabilities be educated in, what this act calls, the Least Restrictive Environment (LRE). Educating students with disabilities in the LRE is also known as inclusion and the terms may be…

  9. Maine: Cooperation between the Division of Special Education and Division of Alcohol and Drug Education Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rice, Sharon C.

    1989-01-01

    In 1984, Maine established the Task Force on Special Education and Chemical Dependency, which developed a report recommending, in part: collaboration between special education and local alcohol and drug abuse prevention programs; training for general and special education staff; and development of a vehicle for identification, assessment,…

  10. 77 FR 20802 - Applications for New Awards; Education Research and Special Education Research Grant Programs...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-06

    ... Education Research Grant Programs. The chart at the end of the March 6 NIA (see 77 FR 13297, 13302-13303... Development for Teachers and Related Services Providers Special Education Policy, Finance, and Systems Autism... Special Education Policy, Finance, and Systems Autism Spectrum Disorders Technology for Special...

  11. Individualized Education Program (IEP) Planning Guide for Special Education Students Entering High School Vocational Education Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burrell, Lewis P.

    This guide is designed to assist school program planners who are working with mainstreamed special education students in vocational education programs. The guide, covering grades 11 and 12, contains vocational program goals, objectives, and evaluation measures for 30 secondary vocational education programs in 15 curriculum areas, as well as for…

  12. Characteristics, Predictors, and Growth Trajectories of Children Who Exit Special Education Compared to Their General and Special Education Peers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dragoo, Kyrie Elizabeth

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the characteristics and predictive factors for children receiving special education services, and if they received special education services, factors associated with them discontinuing those services before eighth grade. In addition, a second purpose was to determine whether there are differences in the…

  13. Opportunities for Inclusion the Education of Learners with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities in Special Schools in Uganda

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kristensen, Kirsten; Omagor-Loican, Martin; Onen, Negris; Okot, Daniel

    2006-01-01

    The Government of Uganda aims to provide good quality education for all learners in inclusive schools. However, some learners who have severe disabilities, including those who are deaf, will, for some time, continue to receive their education in special schools. In this article, Kirsten Kristensen, consultant in inclusive and special needs…

  14. Special Education--Non-Special Education Achievement Gap in Math: Effects of Reporting Methods, Analytical Techniques, and Reclassification

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thurlow, Martha L.; Wu, Yi-Chen; Lazarus, Sheryl S.; Ysseldyke, James E.

    2016-01-01

    Federal regulations indicate that the achievement gap must be closed between subgroups, including the gap between special education and non-special education students. We explored the ways in which achievement trends are influenced by three methods of reporting (cross-sectional, cohort-static, and cohort-dynamic). We also investigated (a) the ways…

  15. Special Education in Rural Areas: Validation of Critical Issues by Selected State Directors of Special Education. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hicks, Joy

    This report summarizes the results of an issue validation activity regarding the provision of special education programs and services to students with disabilities in rural areas. Eight state directors of special education served on a communication panel to provide feedback on identified rural issues. They represented the states of Maryland, West…

  16. When School Isn't Special: A Call for Reform of Special Education in Baltimore City Public Schools. A Report by Students First.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mintz, Mindy S.; Cuffie, Kevin L.

    This report critically examines special education in Baltimore (Maryland) public schools and proposes major reform of Baltimore's special education system. Criticisms focus on: poor instructional quality (there is little "special" about special education); segregation of special education students from regular education; special education used as…

  17. Vocational Education Success Stories: Serving Special Populations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Council on Vocational Education, Springfield.

    This publication reports on the Illinois Council on Vocational Education's (ICoVE) recognition program. The program was designed to (1) commend achievement in vocational education; (2) collect information about vocational education and evaluate its success; (3) provide a resource guide of successful vocational education programs and activities;…

  18. Strengthening Partnerships between Special Education Teacher Educators and Schools. Induction Insights. Supporting Special Education Teachers-Policymakers [PII-3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center to Inform Policy and Practice in Special Education Professional Development, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Partnerships among institutions of higher education and school districts are desirable. Partnerships enable organizations to leverage their resources as well as expand and enhance their capabilities. They also provide opportunities for personnel with specialized areas of expertise to address shared challenges. Partnerships take considerable time,…

  19. Research in Special Education: Designs, Methods, and Applications. Second Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rumrill, Phillip D., Jr.; Cook, Bryan G.; Wiley, Andrew L.

    2011-01-01

    The goal of this second edition is to provide a comprehensive overview of the philosophical, ethical, methodological, and analytical fundamentals of social science and educational research, as well as specify aspects of special education research that distinguish it from scientific inquiry in other fields of education and human services. Foremost…

  20. Health Education for Special Children: Senior High EMR.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brundage, Elvira; And Others

    Intended for teachers and administrators in special education, the curriculum guide offers information on planning a health education program for educable mentally handicapped children in senior high school. Sections preceding the actual guide include information on specific goals of and elements necessary for a successful health education…

  1. Exploring How Special and Regular Education Teachers Work Together Collaboratively

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Broyard-Baptiste, Erin

    2012-01-01

    This study was based on the need for additional research to explore the nature of collaborative teaching experiences in the K-12 education setting. For that reason, this study was designed to examine the experiences and perceptions of special education and regular education teachers with respect to inclusion and the perceptions of these teachers…

  2. Beyond Special Education: Toward a Quality System for All Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gartner, Alan; Lipsky, Dorothy Kerzner

    1987-01-01

    Reviews the first decade of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act and evaluates the process of providing education to handicapped students. Examines changes in the place of the disabled in American society. Argues that a single educational system, special for all students, is needed. (Author/CH)

  3. What Do I Know? Parental Positioning in Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCloskey, Erin

    2010-01-01

    The literature that is meant to guide parental participation in special education often refers to parents as vital team members who are critical in designing the best programs for their children (The Family and Advocates Partnership for Education, 2004; The State Education Department, May 2002). However, a disconnect can occur between the…

  4. Special Education in Society and Culture: Comparative and Developmental Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stangvik, Gunnar

    2010-01-01

    International organisations make ambitious attempts to improve education for students with special needs. The article indicates that such global ambitions are tempered by recent educational developments and by comparative research that underscores the importance of locality by showing the unique character and antecedents of educational practices,…

  5. Collaborative Planning between General and Special Educators. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beirne-Smith, Mary; Smith, Cynthia Ruth Blocker

    A study investigated the effectiveness of a structured, collaborative co-planning model. Participants were 28 general education and special education teachers, who participated in extant team or co-teaching arrangements in grades 4-12 general education classes. The model was designed to increase: (1) the number of instructional interventions…

  6. Teaching Our Tomorrows: Special Programs in Citizenship Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gallagher, Arlene F., Ed.

    This book contains 44 elementary and secondary school citizenship education lesson plans, programs, projects, and learning activities that were developed by 50 teachers who participated in the 1985 Special Programs in Citizenship Education (SPICE I). This collection of educational materials is organized under the general topics of: (1)…

  7. Special Education and School Discipline: A Precarious Balance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skiba, Russell J.

    2002-01-01

    A review of the literature on special education and school discipline in light of the 1997 Amendments to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act finds little evidence to support student suspension and expulsion. Support is offered for a unified system of discipline that preserves both a free and appropriate public education and a safe…

  8. America 2000 and Special Education: Can the Two Be Merged?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pazey, Barbara; And Others

    This paper uses systems theory and force field analysis to evaluate the potential for combining special education with America 2000 national educational strategy and goals. A brief history of educational reform attempts is followed by an explanation of systems theory and the school as a social system. Force field analysis is used as a tool for…

  9. Health Education for Special Children: Junior High EMR.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brodie, Patrick; And Others

    Intended for teachers and administrators in special education, the curriculum guide offers information on planning a health education program for educable mentally handicapped children in junior high school. Sections preceding the actual guide include information on specific goals of and elements necessary for a successful health education…

  10. Bibliografia Especializada: Educacion Basica (Specialized Bibliography: Basic Education).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boletin del Centro Nacional de Documentacion e Informacion Educativa, 1971

    1971-01-01

    This specialized international bibliography on basic education lists almost 50 documents written between 1969 and 1971 in Spanish, French, and Italian on the topic of elementary education. Annotations are provided for nine of the articles. Specific topics range from elementary reading and math education to curriculum planning. (VM)

  11. Special Needs in the Classroom: A Teacher Education Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ainscow, Mel

    This guidebook is based on research and development associated with the UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization) teacher education project "Special Needs in the Classroom." The aim of the project was to design and disseminate a Resource Pack of teacher education materials to help schools and teachers throughout…

  12. New Jersey Primer on Special Education & Charter Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New Jersey Department of Education, 2013

    2013-01-01

    This document has been developed by the New Jersey Department of Education with the assistance of the TA Customizer Project funded by the U.S. Department of Education Charter Schools Program (CSP) and conducted by the National Association of State Directors of Special Education (NASDSE). Its focus is on providing information and technical…

  13. Homeless and Special Education Administrative Collaboration: Recommendations. Policy Forum Proceedings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowman, Diana; Burdette, Paula; Julianelle, Patricia

    2008-01-01

    Project Forum at the National Association of State Directors of Special Education (NASDSE) and the National Center for Homeless Education (NCHE) worked together to collect information regarding the need for a policy forum on the topic of administrative collaboration between school personnel who support homeless education under the McKinney-Vento…

  14. Special Education: Expenditures and Obligations. Policy Study No. 161.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beales, Janet R.

    Under federal and California law, cost alone cannot be used as a defense for modifying or denying education and support services to a student with a disability. This has contributed to growth in special education spending. However, funding has not kept up with costs, forcing school administrators to "encroach" upon general education revenues to…

  15. Special Education Services for Parentally Placed Private School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drang, Debra; McLaughlin, Margaret J.

    2008-01-01

    When the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (now known as the Individuals With Disabilities Education Improvement Act [IDEA]) was initially passed in 1975, it indicated that districts were required to provide children in private schools with access to special education and related services, but it was unclear whether they were entitled to…

  16. Special Education Funding in New Jersey: A Policy Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kolbe, Tammy; McLaughlin, Margaret J.; Mason, Loretta M.

    2007-01-01

    The Education Law Center (ELC) sought an independent review of special education funding in New Jersey as part of a larger group of studies intended to critique the cost study conducted by Augenblick and Palaich and Associates (APA) and the New Jersey Department of Education (NJDOE) and inform the ongoing public debate. In doing so, ELC recognized…

  17. Congenital Heart Defects and Receipt of Special Education Services

    PubMed Central

    Riehle-Colarusso, Tiffany; Autry, Andrew; Razzaghi, Hilda; Boyle, Coleen A.; Mahle, William T.; Van Naarden Braun, Kim; Correa, Adolfo

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND We investigated the prevalence of receipt of special education services among children with congenital heart defects (CHDs) compared with children without birth defects. METHODS Children born from 1982 to 2004 in metropolitan Atlanta with CHDs (n = 3744) were identified from a population-based birth defect surveillance program; children without birth defects (n = 860 715) were identified from birth certificates. Cohorts were linked to special education files for the 1992–2012 school years to identify special education services. Children with noncardiac defects or genetic syndromes were excluded; children with CHDs were classified by presence or absence of critical CHDs (ie, CHDs requiring intervention by age one year). We evaluated the prevalence of receipt of special education services and prevalence rate ratios using children without birth defects as a reference. RESULTS Compared with children without birth defects, children with CHDs were 50% more likely to receive special education services overall (adjusted prevalence rate ratio [aPRR] = 1.5; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.4–1.7). Specifically, they had higher prevalence of several special education categories including: intellectual disability (aPRR = 3.8; 95% CI: 2.8–5.1), sensory impairment (aPRR = 3.0; 95% CI: 1.8–5.0), other health impairment (aPRR = 2.8; 95% CI: 2.2–3.5), significant developmental delay (aPRR = 1.9; 95% CI: 1.3–2.8), and specific learning disability (aPRR = 1.4; 95% CI: 1.1–1.7). For most special education services, the excess prevalence did not vary by presence of critical CHDs. CONCLUSIONS Children with CHDs received special education services more often than children without birth defects. These findings highlight the need for special education services and the importance of developmental screening for all children with CHDs. PMID:26283775

  18. Point-Counterpoint: Can Special Education and General Education Get Along?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wasburn-Moses, Leah; Frager, Alan M.

    2009-01-01

    This essay grew out of a mutual frustration over differences between two fields within education. In the following discussion, special education professor, Leah Wasburn-Moses, argues that special and general education can resolve their differences. Her colleague, teacher education professor, Alan M. Frager, argues that the differences have become…

  19. Changes in Self-Efficacy of Prospective Special and General Education Teachers: Implication for Inclusive Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leyser, Yona; Zeiger, Tali; Romi, Shlomo

    2011-01-01

    The impact of three variables on the self-efficacy of 992 general and special education preservice teachers was examined. These variables were years of preservice education, experience with children with special educational needs, and training in inclusion or exceptional education. All participants responded to a teacher self-efficacy scale that…

  20. Stress and Burnout: A Primer for Special Education and Special Services Personnel.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaw, Stan F.; And Others

    The primer is designed to help promote mental, physical, and emotional health in school personnel and to prevent job burnout, with primary focus on interventions that special education and special services personnel, administrators, and teacher trainers can implement to manage stress and prevent burnout. Nine chapters address the following topics:…

  1. Specialized Reading Instruction for Adolescents with Learning Disabilities: What Special Education Co-Teachers Say

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King-Sears, Margaret E.; Bowman-Kruhm, Mary

    2011-01-01

    In this exploratory study, secondary special education co-teachers report about specialized reading instruction for students with learning disabilities in co-taught classes. Almost half of the respondents were concerned that reading instruction was not occurring in co-taught classes. One-third were concerned reading instruction was not occurring…

  2. Innovation in Special Education: Title III, ESEA.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.

    Reports on 10 model programs in the education of handicapped children are directed at a definition of innovation in the educational realm, what people and what means are being used to achieve innovation in the education of handicapped children, and what ways additional people can be innovative. First described is Operation Challenge, a program of…

  3. Special Education and the Law. Issuegram 10.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Citron, Christiane Hyde

    Various state and federal laws related to education of the handicapped are outlined to aid state educators in identifying needs and formulating public school policy. Constitutional and statutory law concerning the educational rights of the handicapped are listed, including the Constitution, state constitutions, Public Law 94-142, and Section 504…

  4. ESSA's Well-Rounded Education. Special Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Scott D.; Workman, Emily

    2016-01-01

    As questions regarding the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) flow in to Education Commission of the States, one frequent inquiry is about the concept of a "well-rounded education," referenced more than 20 times and included within the majority of Titles in the Act. State education leaders want to know what constitutes a well-rounded…

  5. Special Education Teacher Preparation and Service Delivery in a Developing Country: Indonesia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carpenter, Robert L.

    1987-01-01

    A discussion of special education teacher preparation and service delivery in Indonesia considers the social, economic, and historical settings; health care and the prevalence of handicaps; special teacher education; special education schools; and future plans and problems. (CB)

  6. Places of change: special education's power and identity in an era of educational reform.

    PubMed

    Kauffman, J M

    1994-12-01

    Special education is in danger of disintegration due to (a) justified criticisms of implementational failures, and (b) unjustified criticisms from reformers and detractors, mostly having to do with its conceptualization and the separate placement of some students with disabilities. Needed reforms in special education include (a) constructing defensible rival philosophies, (b) improving the preparation and support of special education teachers, and (c) putting educational methods on a sound scientific footing.

  7. Towards Diversification of Secondary Special Education in British Columbia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Csapo, Marg

    1978-01-01

    Discussed is the trend in British Columbia, Canada, towards diversification of secondary special education programs, which in the past were restricted to occupational programs that became "dumping grounds" for all types of problem students. (DLS)

  8. Educators' Guide to Exemplary Special Education Curricula: Results of a National Field Based Survey (1985).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ash, Paul, Ed.

    1984-01-01

    The newsletter reports results from the National Special Education Curricula Survey completed by state department officials, college and university staff, and personnel from schools, community agencies, and special projects across the country. Respondents identified 230 exemplary special education curricula. Those curricula are listed…

  9. Students' Reasons for Studying Special Needs Education: Challenges Facing Inclusive Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hausstatter, Rune Sarromaa

    2007-01-01

    This article attempts to clarify some of the problems and challenges currently met by the teaching profession in special education, in particular those relating to why students choose to study special needs education and what they expect to learn. There are two major reasons why students choose to become a "special needs" teacher: to help those…

  10. Meeting Educational Needs of Handicapped Students: Special Education Interfacing with General Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basile, Joseph C., II; Thabet, Nancy J.

    The paper traces the establishment and outcomes of a special education program development unit as part of the West Virginia Department of Education. It is explained that the office used a process/product planning approach with information on mission, role/function, allocation of function and resources, and multiple matrix analysis planning. Based…

  11. In Retrospect 1979-80: Special Education Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dallas Independent School District, TX. Dept. of Research and Evaluation.

    The document is a composite of final reports written for every special education research and evaluation study conducted in the Dallas (TX) Independent School District during the 1979-80 school year. Each report contains information on program objectives, sampling, design, and outcomes. Three projects were carried out under the Special Education…

  12. Inclusive Resources for Science and Special Educational Needs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fenton, Adrian

    2002-01-01

    Introduces a CD-ROM that provides support for inclusive science and special education. Provides a full-scale investigation, resources for lessons, and management strategies for special needs students in science, and includes the themes of coastline protection, micro-scale chemistry, torches and color, fast plants, and flashcards software. (YDS)

  13. Historical Perspectives on Special Education, 1890-1970

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Read, Jane; Walmsley, Jan

    2006-01-01

    In the light of continuing controversy over the role of special schools in England, this paper considers the development of special education through examination of evidence from two different geographical areas. Particular reference is made to uncovering the perspectives of those who were subject to the policies--children and their…

  14. Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, Computer Simulation: Future Applications in Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Gwendolyn B.; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Describes possible applications of new technologies to special education. Discusses results of a study designed to explore the use of robotics, artificial intelligence, and computer simulations to aid people with handicapping conditions. Presents several scenarios in which specific technological advances may contribute to special education…

  15. Competencies Required by Special Librarians: An Analysis by Educational Levels

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peyvand Robati, Alireza; Singh, Diljit

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents the results of a study conducted with the aim of identifying competencies needed by special librarians in Iran at three different levels of library and information science education. A list of competencies was initially identified from the literature and 21 semi-structured interviews with managers of special libraries in Iran.…

  16. Special Education Coordinator: Learning Lessons From All Our Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Satterley, Donna

    2015-01-01

    As a special education coordinator of students with learning disabilities, I come into contact quite frequently with students who are considered twice exceptional. My role is to provide support to teachers on how to best meet the needs of the students with special needs in my school district. It is imperative that collaboration occurs between…

  17. Focus on Special Education: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tucker, James A.

    This paper examines past and present issues in special education and offers proposals toward the goal of providing special assistance to every student who needs it. Examples of past errors include the categorical assumption that disabling conditions can be defined precisely and followed with appropriate services, and the assumption that there is a…

  18. Designing Effective Field Experiences for Nontraditional Preservice Special Educators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenberg, Michael S.; Jackson, Lewis; Yeh, Chyong-Hwa

    1996-01-01

    Five alternatives to traditional field experiences in special education are described and contrasted, including: infusion of experiences within content courses; traditional experiences offered during the summer session; working practica; roving practica; and specialized field-experiences. It is argued that these alternatives can provide…

  19. The Quality of Special Education for Students with Special Needs in Ordinary Classes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skarbrevik, Karl J.

    2005-01-01

    Teachers and the school psychological services were asked to assess the quality of educational programmes offered to students who were found eligible for special education in Norway and who attended ordinary classes. Adequacy and equity of the programmes and an assessment of social inclusion were used as indicators of quality and as dependent…

  20. Representations of Special Support. Independent Schools' Descriptions of Special Educational Provision

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magnússon, Gunnlaugur

    2016-01-01

    An important argument for the introduction of school choice in Sweden, was that independent schools would be a source for innovation. But do independent schools follow traditional patterns of special education, or do they aim for alternative organisational solutions, approaching inclusive education? Here, results from a total population…

  1. Special Education in Swedish and Finnish Schools: Seeing the Forest or the Trees?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Takala, Marjatta; Ahl, Astrid

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to study the content of the work of two special education professions in Sweden, special teachers and special pedagogues. In addition, we compare their work to the work of Finnish special teachers. The Swedish participants were 74 special educators: 27 special teachers and 47 special pedagogues. The Finnish data…

  2. Retention and Attrition of Local Special Education Directors. inForum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muller, Eve

    2009-01-01

    Local special education directors oversee district-level special education programs. They play an essential role in assisting with program administration, ensuring the quality of special education services and working with teachers and parents in the education process. A number of state special education directors have noted that job turnover in…

  3. Special Issue: Workers' Education and the Environment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Labour Education, 1994

    1994-01-01

    Includes papers from symposium on "Workers' Education and the Environment": "All Mobilizing to Contribute" (Taylor); "Trade Union Participation in Environmental Protection and Sustainable Development" (Brett); "ILO's Environment Policy and Programmes" (Kohler); "Workers' Education and the Environment in Africa, Asia and the Caribbean"; "Practical…

  4. SPECIAL PROBLEMS IN FINANCING RURAL EDUCATION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    HORNBOSTEL, VICTOR O.

    SPARSITY OF POPULATION, A MIGRATORY POPULATION, AND AN ETHNIC POPULATION INFLUENCE THE RISING COSTS OF RURAL EDUCATION. AN IMPORTANT GOAL IN FINANCING RURAL EDUCATION IS TO PROVIDE LOCAL SCHOOL BOARDS WITH THE FLEXIBILITY NECESSARY TO MEET ANY FINANCIAL NEEDS THAT ARISE. LOCAL SCHOOL SUPPORT COMES MAINLY FROM PROPERTY TAX, STATE SCHOOL SUPPORT…

  5. It's Elementary: Special Topics in Elementary Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crawford, Patricia A., Ed.; Burriss, Kathleen Glascott, Ed.

    As elementary teachers work to educate and meet the needs of the students in their care, their job has become increasingly challenging and demanding. This volume addresses a variety of issues and topics related to elementary education around eight sectional themes relevant to the work of elementary teachers: celebrating diversity, classroom…

  6. Mainstreaming Special Needs Students in Vocational Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dietrich, Dennis J.

    To determine the ability of educable mentally retarded (EMR) students to adjust to the demands of regular vocational education programs, a study was conducted to assess the work adjustment of eighty-five EMR students who were mainstreamed in a three-year vocational-technical program. Students were evaluated by their instructors on a Revised Work…

  7. Sexual Harassment among Students with Educational Disabilities: Perspectives of Special Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Ellie L.; Heath, Melissa Allen; Ashbaker, Betty Y.; Smith, Barbara

    2008-01-01

    This study investigated the perceptions of special education teachers about the prevalence and characteristics of sexual harassment among students identified with educational disabilities. Utah special education teachers (250) were randomly selected from the state's database. Fifty-two percent (n = 129) of the surveys were returned. Approximately…

  8. Identification of Special Educational Needs for Early Childhood Inclusive Education in Ghana

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mensah, Florence Akua; Badu-Shayar, Jeremiah

    2016-01-01

    Early Childhood Education is a key element for the growth and development of every country. This paper, provides a summary of reviewing the impact of early childhood special educational assessment on children to be "at risk" of developing special educational needs. It was identified mainly that early identification of at-risk factors for…

  9. Strengthening the Special Educational Needs Element of Initial Teacher Training and Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Golder, Gill; Jones, Nicky; Quinn, Erica Eaton

    2009-01-01

    In the academic year 2006-2007, the Training and Development Agency (TDA) set up a development programme to enable Initial Teacher Training and Education (ITTE) placements in specialist special education provision. The goal of the programme was to enhance the knowledge, skills and understanding of inclusive practice for special educational needs…

  10. James M. Kauffman's Ideas about Special Education: Implications for Educating Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tetzloff, Lynn; Obiakor, Festus E.

    2015-01-01

    For decades, James M. Kauffman has been a reputable scholar in the field of special education. While his contributions to the field cannot be doubted, his ideas about special education have been somewhat controversial and even devastating to the education of culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) learners with and without disabilities.…

  11. Evaluating "Blair's Educational Legacy?": Some Comments on the Special Issue of "Oxford Review of Education"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitty, Geoff

    2009-01-01

    The December 2008 special issue of the "Oxford Review of Education" provided a review of education policy during Tony Blair's tenure as Prime Minister. This paper forms a response to the ten contributions to that special issue and discusses some of the issues raised in them. While a few positive aspects of education under New Labour were…

  12. Characteristics of Swedish Preschools That Provide Education and Care to Children with Special Educational Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lundqvist, Johanna; Westling, Mara Allodi; Siljehag, Eva

    2016-01-01

    In Sweden, preschool inclusion is embraced and preschools are open for children both with and without special educational needs. The purpose of this study was to examine the characteristics of a number of preschool units in Sweden that provide education and care to children with special educational needs with regard to organisation, resources and…

  13. Education Empowerment Model for the Disabled Learners: A Case Study at Cicendo School for Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kamil, Mustofa; Shantini, Yanti; Sardin

    2015-01-01

    This paper originates from a study conducted to examine the challenges faced by the Schools for Special Education (SLB) in their effort to empower people living with disabilities. The study aimed: 1) to describe the stages involved in the education for empowerment of the disabled groups through schools for special education, 2) to present an…

  14. Funding Special Education. Nineteenth Annual Yearbook of the American Education Finance Association.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parrish, Thomas B., Ed.; Chambers, Jay G., Ed.; Guarino, Cassandra M., Ed.

    This book calls for changes in special-education fiscal policy, claiming that special-education finances need to be more fully incorporated into education-finance literature and fiscal-policy discussions. The first few chapters discuss fiscal and program-policy funding in the United States and in Europe. They trace the history of federal…

  15. Educational Encouragement, Parenting Styles, Gender and Ethnicity as Predictors of Academic Achievement among Special Education Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khan, Aqeel; Ahmad, Roslee; Hamdan, Abdul Rahim; Mustaffa, Mohamed Sharif

    2014-01-01

    Current study examines the predictors of academic achievement: role of parenting styles, educational encouragement, gender and ethnicity among special education students. Participants of this study consisted 200 special education students (N = 105 boys and N = 95 girls) age varies 14 to 19 years from one school located at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.…

  16. Special Education Administrators' Response to the Educational Needs of Foster Care Youth: Collaborative or Disjointed?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palladino, John; Haar, Jean

    2011-01-01

    Although the literature discusses the deleterious educational outcomes that foster care students endure, little attention has focused on school personnel's responses to the phenomenon. Despite the documented relationship between foster care and special education, a missing contribution is the voice of special education administrators. In turn, the…

  17. 77 FR 43276 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Office of Special Education and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services within the U.S. Department of Education...

  18. 75 FR 26944 - Federal Student Aid; Leveraging Educational Assistance Partnership, Special Leveraging...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-13

    ... Federal Student Aid; Leveraging Educational Assistance Partnership, Special Leveraging Educational... Leveraging Educational Assistance Partnership (LEAP), Special Leveraging Educational Assistance Partnership... in providing aid to students with substantial financial need to help them pay for their...

  19. The Educational Context and Outcomes for High School Students with Disabilities: Special Education Programs and the Perceptions of Special Education Teachers. Research Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schumaker, Jean B.; Lenz, B. Keith; Bulgren, Janis A.; Davis, Betsy; Grossen, Bonnie; Marquis, Janet; Deshler, Donald D.

    The fourth in a series of studies investigating the educational context and outcomes for high school students with disabilities (SWDs), this study examined types of courses in which SWDs are being enrolled, and the role perception of special education teachers. Twenty-one special education teachers from three high schools in urban areas, three in…

  20. Mandating Father Involvement: Implications for Special Educators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lillie, Timothy

    This paper examines issues concerning mandated father involvement with their children, especially as this involvement affects children with special needs. The paper examines four points: (1) the history of the status of fathers, how it has changed, and why father involvement is an issue; (2) current regulations at the federal level which…

  1. Breaking Away. An "Education Week" Special Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Education Week, 1995

    1995-01-01

    Four articles from this special report examine the charter school movement and whether it has the staying power to change American schooling. The articles are: (1) "Declarations of Independence" (Mark Walsh), which discusses the Boston Renaissance and Marblehead charter schools in Massachusetts, among others; (2) "Laws of the Land" (Drew Lindsay),…

  2. Montessori Special Education and Nature's Playground

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vaz, Nimal

    2013-01-01

    Nimal Vaz takes us to the essentials of Montessori as an aid to life for all children, particularly children with special needs. She challenges teachers to truly provide experiences in nature: observing anthills, identifying bird nests, or taking an olfactory walk with a legally blind classmate. Finally, she demonstrates how a child's interest in…

  3. Shared-Reading Volume in Early Childhood Special Education Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dynia, Jaclyn M.; Justice, Laura M.

    2015-01-01

    This study describes book reading practices occurring in early childhood special education (ECSE) classrooms in comparison to early childhood education (ECE) classrooms. Reading logs submitted by 19 ECSE teachers and 13 ECE teachers over one academic year included all books read in whole class settings; these logs were analyzed to assess the…

  4. The Relationship of Season of Birth and Special Education Referral.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallingford, Elizabeth L.; Prout, H. Thompson

    2000-01-01

    Study evaluated referrals of students (N=1,222) for special education from grades K-5 to determine if youngest children were experiencing a higher rate of referral. Data confirmed the hypothesis that children referred for evaluations within the 5- to 7-year-old-group had summer birthdates. Article discusses ways of providing educational services…

  5. Implementing Special Education. School Management Handbook Number 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of Elementary School Principals, Arlington, VA.

    This part of the School Management Handbook provides elementary school administrators with an overview of some of the special education regulations mandated in Public Law 94-142, the Education for All Handicapped Children Act. Section 1 of the document defines screening and evaluation procedures for identifying handicapping conditions of children…

  6. Music Techniques in Therapy, Counseling, and Special Education, Third Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Standley, Jayne M.; Jones, Jennifer

    2007-01-01

    "Music Techniques in Therapy, Counseling, and Special Education" is the culmination of the first author's research in the skill development of prospective music therapists and music educators during graduate and undergraduate preparation. Standley studied the abilities and progress of students across multiple clinical music therapy and music…

  7. International Development Programmes in Higher Education. Annex: Special Papers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commonwealth Secretariat, London (England).

    This volume of special papers constitutes the Annex to "International Development Programmes in Higher Education (A Report to the Commonwealth Standing Committee on Student Mobility and Higher Education Cooperation)." The papers presented have the following titles and authors: (1) "Training for Planning and Management: Improved Management Systems…

  8. Special Education Provision in Nigeria: Analyzing Contexts, Problems, and Prospects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Obiakor, Festus E.; Offor, MaxMary Tabugbo

    2011-01-01

    Nigeria has made some efforts to educate all of its citizenry, including those with disabilities. And, it has struggled to make sure that programs are available to those who need them. However, its traditional, sociocultural, and educational problems have prevented some programmatic consistency and progress. As a result, the special education…

  9. Critical Practice Analysis of Special Education Policy: An RTI Example

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thorius, Kathleen A. King; Maxcy, Brendan D.

    2015-01-01

    Since 1997, revisions to the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) have shown promise for addressing special education equity concerns: For example, states have the option to use response to intervention (RTI) for determining and thus reducing inappropriate disability determination, and states and districts are required to assess and…

  10. Special Education Policies and Practices in the Pacific Rim Region.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchell, David R.

    This paper examines both the emerging consensus among Pacific Rim countries, especially East and Southeast Asian countries, as to current and future directions of special education and the many differences among these countries in economics, cultural perspectives on disability, concepts of education, and administrative structures. The paper…

  11. Education for Persons with Special Needs: Polish and Russian Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valeeva, Roza A.; Kulesza, Ewa M.

    2016-01-01

    The beginning of the 21st century is marked by systemic, economic and social transformations in Poland and Russia, that significantly affected the education system, including the education for persons with special needs. This paper is an attempt to present synthetically the changes relating to persons with disabilities. The current state of the…

  12. Reinventing Gerocounseling in Counselor Education as a Specialization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foster, Thomas; Kreider, Val

    2009-01-01

    Recent trends in counselor education are moving away from a standardized academic track in gerocounseling. We propose three types of academic models (integrated in-house, out-of-house, and combined) that provide greater academic freedom to counselor education faculty who wish to construct a gero-specialization specific in their program.

  13. National Data concerning Communication Disorders and Special Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Casby, Michael W.

    1989-01-01

    Information relevant to the practice of speech-language pathology/audiology is extracted from the "Ninth Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Education of the Handicapped Act" (1987), including: number of students with various handicapping conditions receiving special education services and related services, personnel employed…

  14. In Retrospect: 1977-78. Special Education Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Macy, Daniel J.; And Others

    The document contains a composite of the summaries written for every Texas special education research and evaluation project in the 1977-78 school year. Sections address the following projects: Evaluation of the Implementation of Individualized Educational Plans, Project Help-Screening, Project KIDS (Kindling Individual Development Systems),…

  15. Virtual Programs and Assessment in Graduate Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atwell, Nedra; Maxwell, Marge

    2007-01-01

    This action research presents data about an online Master of Arts in Education (MAE) in Learning and Behavior Disorders (LBD), P-12 at Western Kentucky University. During extensive program revisions, the program developed a collaborative assessment model while preparing more than 300 special education personnel for work in rural schools.

  16. Nutrition Activities Guide for Students in Special Education: Citywide Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Special Education.

    The guide is designed to provide special education students with nutrition education in terms of daily living skills. Activities are organized according to five themes: what we eat (awareness of the physical and sensory characteristics of food, identification of food eaten at various meals); how we eat (identification of cutlery, manners, use of…

  17. Special Education for the Learning Disabled in Chile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bravo-Valdivieso, Luis

    The paper focuses on the growth and development of special education for learning disabled children in Chile with particular emphasis on the contribution of child psychiatry and pediatric neurology departments of hospitals and the contribution of universities in training specialists. Initial sections provide a background on primary education in…

  18. Special Education Law: Case Summaries and Federal Regulations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Stephen B.; Denzinger, Carol A.

    This document presents summaries of state and federal special education court cases from approximately 1980 through 1992 and the federal regulations for Part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) as amended through March 1993. Cases are grouped by issue addressed and include a citation and a one-paragraph summary of the…

  19. Strategies for teaching safety education to children with special needs.

    PubMed

    Ricci, F

    2000-01-01

    A nurse describes how a student community health project was used to develop a unique safety education program. Seat belt safety was presented to a group of school-age children who had special physical and emotional needs. The author lists the overall principles of conducting an educational session and provides examples of how those principles were applied with this student group. PMID:11035857

  20. The Economics of Special Education in a Developing Country.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Mary M.; And Others

    The paper examines an exemplary special education school for the handicapped in Peru and describes the school's success in training children in primary education and basic work skills. A rate of return for the investment in the school is calculated using cost-benefit analysis. The results are noted to indicate a conservative estimate of 10% return…