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Sample records for 3 6 9

  1. 9 CFR 3.6 - Primary enclosures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Cats 1 Facilities and Operating Standards § 3.6 Primary enclosures. Primary enclosures for dogs and cats must meet the following minimum requirements: (a) General requirements. (1) Primary enclosures... they: (i) Have no sharp points or edges that could injure the dogs and cats; (ii) Protect the dogs...

  2. 9 CFR 3.6 - Primary enclosures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Cats 1 Facilities and Operating Standards § 3.6 Primary enclosures. Primary enclosures for dogs and cats must meet the following minimum requirements: (a) General requirements. (1) Primary enclosures... they: (i) Have no sharp points or edges that could injure the dogs and cats; (ii) Protect the dogs...

  3. 9 CFR 3.6 - Primary enclosures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Cats 1 Facilities and Operating Standards § 3.6 Primary enclosures. Primary enclosures for dogs and cats must meet the following minimum requirements: (a) General requirements. (1) Primary enclosures... they: (i) Have no sharp points or edges that could injure the dogs and cats; (ii) Protect the dogs...

  4. Reaction of 6H-6-oxo-3(5)-halogenoanthra(1,9-cd)isoxazoles with inorganic nucleophiles

    SciTech Connect

    Gornostaev, L.M.; Zeibert, G.F.

    1986-11-20

    The reaction of 6H-6-oxo-3(5)-halogenoanthral(1,9-cd)isoxazoles with sodium azide in DMFA and also the potassium fluoride in acetonitrile in the presence of crown ethers leads to nucleophilic substitution of the halogen by the azide and fluoride ion respectively.

  5. Interactions between antiplasmodial 3,6-diamino-1'-dimethyl-9-anilinoacridine and hematin and concanamycin A.

    PubMed

    Auparakkitanon, Saranya; Poonchareon, Kritchai; Sopitthummakhun, Kittipat; Wilairat, Prapon

    2007-11-01

    Antiplasmodial 9-anilinoacridine derivatives exert their effects either by inhibiting DNA topoisomerase (topo) II or by interfering with heme crystallization within the parasite acidic food vacuole. Previous studies have shown that analogs of 9-anilinoacridine containing 3,6-diamino substitutions (in the acridine ring) inhibit Plasmodium falciparum DNA topo II in situ, whereas those with a 3,6-diCl substitution act by inhibiting beta-hematin formation, a property also seen with 3,6-diamino-1'-dimethyl-9-anilinoacridine (DDAA). To understand this seemingly anomalous property of DDAA, studies of its interaction with hematin and localization within the parasite food vacuole were undertaken. A weak interaction with hematin was demonstrated spectroscopically. Antagonism of DDAA inhibition of Plasmodium falciparum growth in culture by concanamycin A, a macrolide antibiotic inhibitor of vacuolar H(+)-ATPase derived from Streptomyces sp, was equivocal.

  6. Intense ultraviolet and blue upconversion emissions in Yb 3+-Tm 3+ codoped stoichiometric Y 7O 6F 9 powder

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Mo; Xu, Changfu; Yang, Liwen; Ren, Guozhong; Lin, Jianguo; Yang, Qibin

    2011-09-01

    Stoichiometric Y 7O 6F 9 powder codoped with Yb 3+-Tm 3+ was synthesized via co-precipitation and subsequent calcining route. The results of X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy reveal that when the calcining temperature is beyond 800 °C, orthorhombic YF 3 nanoparticles can be completely oxidized into orthorhombic Y 7O 6F 9 powder. Under the excitation of a 980 nm laser, Y 7O 6F 9 powder exhibits multicolor UC emission in regions spanning the UV to the NIR. In addition, the upconversion emission intensities of YF 3, Y 7O 6F 9 and Y 2O 3 powders were compared under the same dopant condition (Yb/Tm=5/0.5 mol%). The low phonon energy revealed by Raman spectra helped to understand the high efficient upconversion emission of Y 7O 6F 9 and the main phonon vibration of Y 7O 6F 9 lies at 472 cm -1, which is far lower that of Y 2O 3 (at 708 cm -1). Our results indicate that orthorhombic rare earth ions doped Y 7O 6F 9 is an efficient matrix for UV and blue UC emission, and has potential applications in color displays, anti-counterfeiting and multicolor fluorescent labels.

  7. In silico structural analysis of group 3, 6 and 9 allergens from Dermatophagoides farinae.

    PubMed

    Teng, Feixiang; Yu, Lili; Bian, Yonghua; Sun, Jinxia; Wu, Juansong; Ling, Cunbao; Yang, Li; Wang, Yungang; Cui, Yubao

    2015-05-01

    Dermatophagoides farinae (Hughes; Acari: Pyroglyphidae) are the predominant source of dust mite allergens, which provoke allergic diseases, such as rhinitis, asthma and eczema. Of the 30 allergen groups produced by D. farinae, the Der f 3, Der f 6 and Der f 9 allergens are all trypsin‑associated proteins, however little else is currently known about them. The present study used in silico tools to compare the amino acid sequences, and predict the secondary and tertiary structures of Der f 3, Der f 6 and Der f 9 allergens. Protein sequence alignment detected ~46% identity between Der f 3, Der f 6 and Der f 9. Furthermore, each protein was shown to contain three active sites and two highly conserved trypsin functional domains. Predictions of the secondary and tertiary structure identified α‑helices, β‑sheets and random coils. The active sites of the three proteins appeared to fold onto each other in a three‑dimensional model, constituting the active site of the enzyme. Epitope analysis demonstrated that Der f 3, Der f 6 and Der f 9 have 4‑5 potential epitopes located in random coils, and the epitope sequences of Der f 3, Der f 6 and Der f 9 were shown to overlap in two domains (at amino acids 83‑87 and 179‑180); however the residues in these two domains were not identical. The present study aimed to conduct a biochemical and genetic analysis of these three allergens, and to potentially contribute to the development of vaccines for allergen‑specific immunotherapy.

  8. Penta-cyclo-[9.3.1.1(2,6).1(4,8).1(9,13)]octa-deca-1(2),8(9)-diene.

    PubMed

    Ioannou, Savvas; Moushi, Eleni

    2012-07-01

    The title compound, C(18)H(24), was the main product of thermolysis of noradamantene dimer (hepta-cyclo-[9.3.1.1(2,6).1(4,8).1(9,13).0(1,9).0(2,8)]octa-deca-ne). The crystal structure was determined to prove that the thermolysis product of noradamantene dimer is favored by stretch release due to ring opening of the four-membered ring. The bond length of the quaternary C atoms of the starting material was calculated as 1.6 Å, enlarged in comparison to other single bonds. After the rearrangement, the stretch release of the above carbons leads to an increase of the distance between them (2.824 Å) with respect to the crystallographic data.

  9. Solution-processed photovoltaics with a 3,6-bis(diarylamino)fluoren-9-ylidene malononitrile.

    PubMed

    Karak, Supravat; Homnick, Paul J; Renna, Lawrence A; Venkataraman, D; Mague, Joel T; Lahti, Paul M

    2014-10-08

    3,6-Bis(N,N-dianisylamino)-fluoren-9-ylidene malononitrile (FMBDAA36) was used as an electron donor material in solution-processed organic photovoltaic devices with configuration ITO/PEDOT:PSS/(1:3[w/w] FMBDAA36:PC71BM)/LiF/Al to give power conversion efficiencies up to 4.1% with open circuit voltage VOC = 0.89 V, short circuit current JSC = 10.35 mA cm(-2), and fill factor FF = 44.8%. Conductive atomic force microscopy of the active layer showed granular separation of regions exhibiting easy versus difficult hole transport, consistent with bulk heterojunction type phase separation of FMBDAA36 and PC71BM, respectively. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis showed pure FMBDAA36 to form columnar π-stacks with a 3.3 Å intermolecular spacing.

  10. VUV spectroscopic properties of rare-earth (RE3+ = Sm3+, Eu3+, Tb3+, Dy3+) -activated layered borate Ba6Gd9B79O138

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Zhi-Jun; Zhang, Shao-Lin; Zhang, Wei-Bin; Yang, Woochul

    2017-02-01

    Vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) spectroscopic properties of rare-earth RE3+- activated (RE3+ = Sm3+, Eu3+, Tb3+ and Dy3+) Ba6Gd9B79O138 borates (BGBO) are investigated. The strong absorption bands in the VUV range of un-doped and RE3+-activated BGBO were observed. The band range from 140 to 200 nm with a peak at about 173 nm results from the host lattice absorption. For Sm3+-activated BGBO, the charge transfer transition from O2- to Sm3+ was observed at 202 nm. In addition, it exhibits bright red emission originating from the Sm3+f-f transitions of 4G5/2 → 6HJ (J = 5/2, 7/2 and 9/2). The O2--Eu3+ charge transfer (CT) at 249 nm is observed in the excitation spectrum for Eu3+-doped BGBO. For Tb3+-activated BGBO, the broad bands around 208 and 230 nm are due to the spin-allowed and spin-forbidden f-d transitions of Tb3+, respectively. In addition, the absence of the f-d transitions of Sm3+ and Dy3+ in the excitation spectra probably due to the photo-ionization effect. It is demonstrated that there are energy transfers from the BGBO host lattice to the luminescent activators depending on the activators.

  11. Experimental and theoretical studies on new 7-(3,6-di-tert-butyl-9H-carbazol-9-yl)-10-alkyl-10H-phenothiazine-3-carbaldehydes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stalindurai, Kesavan; Gokula Krishnan, Kannan; Nagarajan, Erumaipatty Rajagounder; Ramalingan, Chennan

    2017-02-01

    Synthesis of fused heterocyclic aldehydes with carbazole (CZ) structural motif linked at C-7 position on phenothiazines (PTZ), 7-(3,6-di-tert-butyl-9H-carbazol-9-yl)-10-butyl-10H-phenothiazine-3-carbaldehyde (1) and 7-(3,6-di-tert-butyl-9H-carbazol-9-yl)-10-hexyl-10H-phenothiazine-3-carbaldehyde (2) has been accomplished and are characterized through experimental and computational techniques. The optimized structure with their bonding aspects and vibrational frequencies of the same have been examined utilizing DFT-B3LYP technique with a basis set 6-311++G(d,p). In the optimized structures of 1 and 2, the bond lengths and bond angles are in accord with their corresponding reported analogous. The vibrational frequencies resulted from experimental as well as theoretical are in well accord with each other. Further, the results of polarizabilities, first order hyperpolarizabilities and dipole moment of 1 and 2 imply that these could be utilized for the preparation of NLO crystals which might generate second order harmonic waves.

  12. E6-AP/UBE3A protein acts as a ubiquitin ligase toward SOX9 protein.

    PubMed

    Hattori, Takako; Kishino, Tetsuya; Stephen, Shelley; Eberspaecher, Heidi; Maki, Sayumi; Takigawa, Masaharu; de Crombrugghe, Benoit; Yasuda, Hideyo

    2013-12-06

    SOX9 is a transcription factor that acts as a key regulator at various stages of cartilage differentiation. There is ample evidence that intracellular SOX9 protein levels are tightly regulated both by sumoylation and by degradation through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. Using a proteomics approach, here we report the identification of a SOX9-binding protein, E6-AP/UBE3A, that may act as a ubiquitin ligase toward Sox9. E6-AP bound SOX9 through the region consisting mostly of its high mobility group domain in vitro. In nuclear lysates, FLAG-tagged E6-AP coprecipitated with Sox9 and its high mobility group domain. This finding was estimated using nuclear lysates from a chondrocytic cell line that endogenously expresses E6-AP and SOX9. Accordingly, ectopically expressed E6-AP and SOX9 colocalized in the nucleus. We show that E6-AP ubiquitinates SOX9 in vitro and in vivo and that SOX9 levels are enhanced after addition of the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib. Similar, siRNA knockdown of E6-AP and the E2 ligase Ubc9 increased cellular SOX9 amounts, supporting the notion that SOX9 may be ubiquitinated in hypertrophic chondrocytes by E6-AP and degraded by proteasomes. This is in accordance with the distribution of SOX9 levels, which are high in proliferating and prehypertrophic chondrocytes but low in hypertrophic chondrocytes, whereas E6-AP levels are high in hypertrophic chondrocytes and low in prehypertrophic chondrocytes. Furthermore, E6-AP-deficient mice showed SOX9 accumulation in chondrocytes and the brain. These findings support the concept that E6-AP regulates SOX9 levels in developing cartilage by acting as a ubiquitin ligase.

  13. Process for manufacturing bis(2-methoxyethyl)-2,3,6,7-tetracyano-1,4,5,8,9,10-hexazaanthracene

    DOEpatents

    Rasmussen, Paul George; Lawton, Richard Graham

    2014-06-03

    A process to manufacture substituted tetracyano-hexaazatricyclics with the substitutions occurring at the 9 and 10 hydrogens. The process begins with 2,3-dichloro-5,6-dicyanopyrazine, which is reacted to form the desired tetracyano-hexaazatricyclic. Different process embodiments enable different reaction paths to the desired tetracyano-hexaazatricyclic. Different tetracyano-hexaazatricyclic embodiments include bis(2-methoxyethyl)-2,3,6,7-tetracyano-1,4,5,8,9,10-hexazaanthracene and bis(2-methoxyethoxyethyl)-2,3,6,7-tetracyano-1,4,5,8,9,10-hexazaanthracen- e.

  14. Synthesis of polyamide oligomers based on 14-amino-3,6,9, 12-tetraoxatetradecanoic acid.

    PubMed

    Dhawan, R; Kadijk, M G; Joikinen, T J; Feng, M; Ansell, S M

    2000-01-01

    A series of oligomers of polyamides based on 14-amino-3,6,9, 12-tetraoxatetradecanoic acid monomers (ATTAn) was synthesized. These materials were designed as monodisperse analogues of poly(ethylene glycol) for use in biomedical applications where reproducible behavior is important. Synthesis of the monomer was evaluated using two routes. For small-scale preparations, tetraethylene glycol (TEG) was monoprotected with dihydropyran, converted to an alkoxide, and alkylated with ethyl bromoacetate. On larger scales, TEG was alkylated directly by treatment with sodium, followed by ethyl bromoacetate. The amine function was introduced by mesylation followed by treatment with sodium azide. Reduction of the azide to amino groups was performed over Pd/C using either hydrogen or formic acid as proton sources. Assembly of the oligomers was accomplished using standard DCC/NHS chemistry and an iterative dimerization sequence after appropriate deprotection of a pair of monomers. The amino group was protected by retaining the azido group as a latent amine. A series of ATTAn oligomers was prepared (n = 1-8). A lipid conjugate of the octamer, ATTA8-DSPE, was synthesized.

  15. 47 CFR 15.251 - Operation within the bands 2.9-3.26 GHz, 3.267-3.332 GHz, 3.339-3.3458 GHz, and 3.358-3.6 GHz.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Operation within the bands 2.9-3.26 GHz, 3.267-3.332 GHz, 3.339-3.3458 GHz, and 3.358-3.6 GHz. 15.251 Section 15.251 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Intentional Radiators Radiated Emission...

  16. 47 CFR 15.251 - Operation within the bands 2.9-3.26 GHz, 3.267-3.332 GHz, 3.339-3.3458 GHz, and 3.358-3.6 GHz.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Operation within the bands 2.9-3.26 GHz, 3.267-3.332 GHz, 3.339-3.3458 GHz, and 3.358-3.6 GHz. 15.251 Section 15.251 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Intentional Radiators Radiated Emission...

  17. 47 CFR 15.251 - Operation within the bands 2.9-3.26 GHz, 3.267-3.332 GHz, 3.339-3.3458 GHz, and 3.358-3.6 GHz.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Operation within the bands 2.9-3.26 GHz, 3.267-3.332 GHz, 3.339-3.3458 GHz, and 3.358-3.6 GHz. 15.251 Section 15.251 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Intentional Radiators Radiated Emission...

  18. 47 CFR 15.251 - Operation within the bands 2.9-3.26 GHz, 3.267-3.332 GHz, 3.339-3.3458 GHz, and 3.358-3.6 GHz.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Operation within the bands 2.9-3.26 GHz, 3.267-3.332 GHz, 3.339-3.3458 GHz, and 3.358-3.6 GHz. 15.251 Section 15.251 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Intentional Radiators Radiated Emission...

  19. 47 CFR 15.251 - Operation within the bands 2.9-3.26 GHz, 3.267-3.332 GHz, 3.339-3.3458 GHz, and 3.358-3.6 GHz.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Operation within the bands 2.9-3.26 GHz, 3.267-3.332 GHz, 3.339-3.3458 GHz, and 3.358-3.6 GHz. 15.251 Section 15.251 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Intentional Radiators Radiated Emission...

  20. Absolute configuration of falcarinol (9Z-heptadeca-1,9-diene-4,6-diyn-3-ol) from Pastinaca sativa.

    PubMed

    Corell, Mireia; Sheehy, Emile; Evans, Paul; Brunton, Nigel; Valverde, Juan

    2013-08-01

    Falcarinol (9Z-heptadeca-1,9-diene-4,6-diyn-3-ol; (1) is a polyacetylene commonly found in several plant families. The absolute configuration of naturally occurring 1 is not clear and contradictory results have been reported in the literature. Determination of the absolute configuration of 1 from Pastinaca sativa L. was carried out. Isolation of 95% pure 1 was performed via successive fractionation and preparative-HPLC. A racemic mixture comprised of 3R-1 and 3S-1 was synthesized in order to confirm the absolute configuration of the isolated natural product using chiral HPLC. Based on a combination of chiral HPLC and specific rotation, 1 present in P. saliva was found to have a 3R absolute configuration (i.e. (3R, 9Z)-heptadeca-1,9-diene-4,6-diyn-3-ol).

  1. Nqrs Data for C9H21CaCl2N3O6 [C9H21N3O6·CaCl2] (Subst. No. 1196)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chihara, H.; Nakamura, N.

    This document is part of Subvolume A `Substances Containing Ag … C10H15' of Volume 48 `Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy Data' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group III `Condensed Matter'. It contains an extract of Section `3.2 Data tables' of the Chapter `3 Nuclear quadrupole resonance data' providing the NQRS data for C9H21CaCl2N3O6 [C9H21N3O6·CaCl2] (Subst. No. 1196)

  2. Optimization of Bulk Thermoelectrics: Influence of Cu Insertion in Ag3.6Mo9Se11

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Colin, Malika; Zhou, Tong; Lenoir, Bertrand; Dauscher, Anne; Al Rahal Al Orabi, Rabih; Gougeon, Patrick; Potel, Michel; Baranek, Philippe; Semprimoschnig, Christopher

    2012-06-01

    Currently, there is a resurgence of interest in thermoelectric materials with enhanced efficiency. Among investigated classes of bulk thermoelectrics such as partially filled skutterudites, Zn4Sb3-based materials, and clathrates, novel polycrystalline Mo9 cluster-based chalcogenides were reported recently. Among those, Chevrel phase-derived Ag y Mo9Se11 (with 3.4 ≤ y ≤ 3.9) compounds have shown interesting thermoelectric properties, in particular extremely low thermal conductivity allowing improved thermoelectric efficiency compared with reported Chevrel phases. They also possess a complex crystallographic structure where stacked Mo9Se11 units leave channels occupied by Ag atoms. Analysis of the structural determinants of the thermoelectric properties of Ag y Mo9Se11 suggested that performance improvements could result from further Cu insertion. In this paper, we describe the synthesis route we used for preparing quaternary Ag-Cu-Mo-Se compositions by a combination of powder metallurgy and spark plasma sintering techniques. Characterization by x-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and electrical and thermal measurements has been performed. The results obtained for two compounds (Ag3.6Cu0.2Mo9Se11 and Ag3.6Cu0.4Mo9Se11) are discussed and compared with those of the parent ternary compound Ag3.6Mo9Se11.

  3. NCOA6 differentially regulates the expression of the CYP2C9 and CYP3A4 genes

    PubMed Central

    Surapureddi, Sailesh; Rana, Ritu; Goldstein, Joyce A

    2011-01-01

    CYP2Cs and CYP3A4 sub family of enzymes of the Cytochrome P-450 super family metabolize clinically prescribed therapeutics. Constitutive and induced expressions of these enzymes are under the control of HNF4α and rifampicin activated PXR. In the present study, we show a mechanism for ligand dependent synergistic cross talk between PXR and HNF4α. Two-hybrid screening identified NCOA6 as a HNF4α interacting protein. NCOA6 was also found to interact with PXR through the first LXXLL motif in GST pull down and mammalian two hybrid assays. NCOA6 enhances the synergistic activation of CYP2C9 and CYP3A4 promoter activity by PXR and HNF4α in the presence of rifampicin. However silencing NCOA6 abrogated the synergistic activation and induction of CYP2C9 by PXR-HNF4α but not of CYP3A4. ChIP analysis revealed that NCOA6 could bridge HNF4α and PXR binding sites of the CYP2C9 promoter. Our results indicate that NCOA6 is responsible for the synergistic activation of CYP2C9 by HNF4α and PXR and NCOA6 differentially regulates CYP2C9 and CYP3A4 gene expression though both the genes are regulated by the same nuclear receptors. PMID:21292004

  4. An Interaction between RRP6 and SU(VAR)3-9 Targets RRP6 to Heterochromatin and Contributes to Heterochromatin Maintenance in Drosophila melanogaster

    PubMed Central

    Eberle, Andrea B.; Jordán-Pla, Antonio; Gañez-Zapater, Antoni; Hessle, Viktoria; Silberberg, Gilad; von Euler, Anne; Silverstein, Rebecca A.; Visa, Neus

    2015-01-01

    RNA surveillance factors are involved in heterochromatin regulation in yeast and plants, but less is known about the possible roles of ribonucleases in the heterochromatin of animal cells. Here we show that RRP6, one of the catalytic subunits of the exosome, is necessary for silencing heterochromatic repeats in the genome of Drosophila melanogaster. We show that a fraction of RRP6 is associated with heterochromatin, and the analysis of the RRP6 interaction network revealed physical links between RRP6 and the heterochromatin factors HP1a, SU(VAR)3-9 and RPD3. Moreover, genome-wide studies of RRP6 occupancy in cells depleted of SU(VAR)3-9 demonstrated that SU(VAR)3-9 contributes to the tethering of RRP6 to a subset of heterochromatic loci. Depletion of the exosome ribonucleases RRP6 and DIS3 stabilizes heterochromatic transcripts derived from transposons and repetitive sequences, and renders the heterochromatin less compact, as shown by micrococcal nuclease and proximity-ligation assays. Such depletion also increases the amount of HP1a bound to heterochromatic transcripts. Taken together, our results suggest that SU(VAR)3-9 targets RRP6 to a subset of heterochromatic loci where RRP6 degrades chromatin-associated non-coding RNAs in a process that is necessary to maintain the packaging of the heterochromatin. PMID:26389589

  5. Synthesis, structures and charge-transfer complexations of 1,n-di-[3,6-di-(9-carbazolyl)-9-carbazolyl]alkanes with tetracyanoethylene and tetranitromethane

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Özgün, Selin; Asker, Erol; Zeybek, Orhan

    2017-01-01

    Synthesis and charge-transfer (CT) complexations of amorphous 3,6-di-(9-carbazolyl)-9-ethylcarbazole, 3,6-di-(9-carbazolyl)-9-hexylcarbazole and a series of 1,n-di-[3,6-di-(9-carbazolyl)-9-carbazolyl]alkanes (n = 1-5) with electron acceptors tetracyanoethylene and tetranitromethane are reported. The molar extinction coefficients (ε), equilibrium constants (Keq), enthalpies (ΔH) and entropies (ΔS) of complexations have been determined. The low Keq values (1.83-3.82 M-1 for carbazole-TCNE and 0.28-0.45 M-1 for carbazole-TNM complexes) show weak donor-acceptor associations. The negative values of ΔH determined to be between -2.09 ± 0.08 and -3.10 ± 0.21 kcal mol-1 for carbazole-TCNE complexes and -0.91 ± 0.08 and -3.31 ± 0.28 kcal mol-1 for carbazole-TNM complexes indicate that complexations are driven by the exothermic enthalpies. Computational analysis using semi-empirical and DFT methods were applied to clarify the structures of the synthesized molecules and the nature of their CT complexations.

  6. Protective efficacy of Anopheles minimus CYP6P7 and CYP6AA3 against cytotoxicity of pyrethroid insecticides in Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf9) insect cells.

    PubMed

    Duangkaew, P; Kaewpa, D; Rongnoparut, P

    2011-08-01

    Cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (P450s) are enzymes known to metabolize a wide variety of compounds including insecticides. Their overexpression leading to enhanced insecticide detoxification could result in insecticide resistance in insects. The increased mRNA expression of two P450 genes, CYP6P7 and CYP6AA3, has been previously observed in laboratory-selected deltamethrin-resistant Anopheles minimus, a major malaria vector in Southeast Asia, suggesting their role in detoxification of pyrethroids. In this study CYP6P7 and CYP6AA3 were expressed in insect Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf9) cells via baculovirusdirected expression system. Insecticide detoxification capabilities of Sf9 cells with and without expression of CYP6P7 or CYP6AA3 were evaluated using 3-(4,5-dimethyl-thiazol-2- yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assays. The results revealed that CYP6P7- or CYP6AA3-expressing cells showed significantly higher cytoprotective capability than parental Sf9 cells against cytotoxicity of pyrethroids including permethrin, cypermethrin and deltamethrin. Such cytoprotective effect was not observed for bioallethrin (pyrethroid), chlorpyrifos (organophosphate) and propoxur (carbamate). Moreover, expression of CYP6AA3, but not CYP6P7, could protect cells against λ-cyhalothrin cytotoxicity. In MTT assays upon co-incubation with piperonyl butoxide (P450 inhibitor), cytoprotective ability of CYP6P7 and CYP6AA3 against deltamethrin was diminished, implying that pyrethroid detoxification was due to activities of P450 enzymes. Insecticide detoxification capabilities of CYP6P7 and CYP6AA3 observed from MTT assays were correlated to their pyrethroid metabolizing activities observed from in vitro reconstitution enzymatic assays. Thus MTT assays using cells expressing P450 enzymes of interest could be primarily used to determine detoxification activities of enzymes against cytotoxic insecticides.

  7. Theoretical vibrations of carbon chains C3, C4, C5, C6, C7, C8, and C9

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kurtz, Joe; Adamowicz, Ludwik

    1991-01-01

    The MBPT (2) procedure with the 6-31g (asterisk) basis set was used to study nearly linear carbon chains. The theoretical vibrational frequencies of the molecules C3 through C9 are presented and, for C3 through C6, compared to experimental stretching frequencies and their (C-13)/(C-12) isotopomers. Predictions for C7, C8, and C9 stretching frequencies are calculated by directly scaling the theoretical frequencies with factors derived from experimental-to-theoretical ratios known for the smaller molecules.

  8. Synthesis, NMR analysis and X-ray crystal structure of 3-(2-naphthoyl)-6,12-diphenyl-3,9-diazatetraasterane

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tan, Hong-bo; Song, Xiu-qing; Yan, Hong; Xin, Hong-xing

    2017-02-01

    Novel 3-(2-naphthoyl)-6,12-diphenyl-3,9-diazatetraasterane (3, Tetraethyl 3-(2-naphthoyl)-6,12-diphenyl-3,9-diazapentacyclo [6.4.0.02,7.04,11.05,10]dodecane-1,5,7,11-tetracarboxylate) was prepared by naphthoylation of 3,9-diazatetraasterane (2). The target compound was isolated and unambiguously confirmed by NMR spectra, high-resolution mass spectrometry, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. In order to discuss the spatial effects on the NMR of 3 by the naphthoyl group, spectra analysis (1D-NMR and 2D-NMR) of 2 and 3 was conducted in details by the shifts and assignments of signals. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction assists to explain the molecular asymmetry of 3 and elucidates the effects of naphthoyl group on the geometry of the central cage of 3,9-diazatetraasterane.

  9. Stereoselective synthesis of (all-Z)-hentriaconta-3,6,9,12,15,19,22,25,28-nonaene.

    PubMed

    Filippova, Liudmila; Aarum, Ida; Ringdal, Martine; Dahl, Martin Kirkhus; Hansen, Trond Vidar; Stenstrøm, Yngve

    2015-04-28

    Several microorganisms produce small quantities of polyunsaturated hydrocarbons and such natural products are of interest. Starting from the ethyl ester of eicosapentaenoic acid, the total synthesis of the natural product (all-Z)-hentriaconta-3,6,9,12,15,19,22,25,28-nonaene has been achieved in eight steps and 15% overall yield. The synthesis is based on a stereoselective Wittig reaction and confirms the all-Z-configuration of the nine double bonds in this highly unsaturated natural product.

  10. In Vitro Antiviral Activity of 6-Substituted 9-β-d-Ribofuranosylpurine 3′,5′-Cyclic Phosphates

    PubMed Central

    Sidwell, Robert W.; Huffman, John H.; Allen, Lois B.; Meyer, Rich B.; Shuman, Dennis A.; Simon, Lionel N.; Robins, Roland K.

    1974-01-01

    A series of twelve recently synthesized 6-substituted derivatives of 9-β-d-ribofuranosylpurine 3′,5′-cyclic phosphate (RPcMP) were evaluated for in vitro antiviral activity, using inhibition of viral cytopathogenic effect as the primary parameter for evaluation. Inhibition of the development of intra- and extracellular virus titer was used as a secondary criterion with certain viruses. Five derivatives were considered to have significant antiviral activity. 6-Hydroxylamino-RPcMP was active against type 1 herpes simplex, cytomegalo-, and vaccinia viruses. 6-Thio-RPcMP was inhibitory to types 1 and 2 herpes simplex, cytomegalo-, vaccinia, and type 3 parainfluenza viruses. The 6-methylthio derivative was active against types 1 and 2 herpes simplex, cytomegalo-, and vaccinia viruses, and types 1A, 2, 8, and 13 rhinoviruses; alteration of this 6-substitution to 6-ethylthio or to 6-benzylthio weakened the herpes- and vaccinia virus activity of the compound, but each continued to have significant antirhinovirus activity. The effect of time of addition of 6-methylthio-RPcMP to type 1 herpes simplex virus-infected cells was determined; the compound was most active when added prior to the virus. Early removal of the compound from the infected cells markedly reduced its antiviral effectiveness. PMID:15825420

  11. Modeling Rdamage-6 through -9

    SciTech Connect

    Kaul, Ann

    2012-06-13

    The RDamage series of ten experiments is part of a long-term collaboration with RFNC/VNIIEF in pulsed power technology. These experiments use a cylindrical configuration to study spallation damage, which allows for a natural recollection of the damaged material under proper driving conditions and post-shot collection of the damaged target material for subsequent metallographic analysis. Dynamic in-situ experimental velocimetry diagnostics are also employed. LANL is responsible for the design of the experimental load and velocimetry system. VNIIEF is responsible for the design and construction of the driving explosive magnetic generator. In the RDamage-0, -1 and -2 experiments, data was collected about failure initiation of a well-characterized material (aluminum) in a cylindrical geometry. The RDamage-3, -4 and -5 experiments produced data on the behavior of material recollected after damage from pressures in the damage initiation regime. Data on the behavior of material recollected after complete failure was collected in the RDamage-6, -7, -8 and -9 experiments. This presentation shows the recent LANL simulation results for RD-6 through -9.

  12. High-precision Photometric Redshifts from Spitzer/IRAC: Extreme [3.6] - [4.5] Colors Identify Galaxies in the Redshift Range z ˜ 6.6 - 6.9

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smit, Renske; Bouwens, Rychard J.; Franx, Marijn; Oesch, Pascal A.; Ashby, Matthew L. N.; Willner, S. P.; Labbé, Ivo; Holwerda, Benne; Fazio, Giovanni G.; Huang, J.-S.

    2015-03-01

    One of the most challenging aspects of studying galaxies in the z≳ 7 universe is the infrequent confirmation of their redshifts through spectroscopy, a phenomenon thought to occur from the increasing opacity of the intergalactic medium to Lyα photons at z\\gt 6.5. The resulting redshift uncertainties inhibit the efficient search for [C ii] in z˜ 7 galaxies with sub-millimeter instruments such as ALMA, given their limited scan speed for faint lines. One means by which to improve the precision of the inferred redshifts is to exploit the potential impact of strong nebular emission lines on the colors of z ˜ 4 - 8 galaxies as observed by Spitzer/IRAC. At z˜ 6.8, galaxies exhibit IRAC colors as blue as [3.6]-[4.5]˜ -1, likely due to the contribution of [O iii]+Hβ to the 3.6 μm flux combined with the absence of line contamination in the 4.5 μm band. In this paper we explore the use of extremely blue [3.6]-[4.5] colors to identify galaxies in the narrow redshift window z ˜ 6.6 - 6.9. When combined with an I-dropout criterion, we demonstrate that we can plausibly select a relatively clean sample of z˜ 6.8 galaxies. Through a systematic application of this selection technique to our catalogs from all five CANDELS fields, we identify 20 probable z ˜ 6.6 - 6.9 galaxies. We estimate that our criteria select the ˜50% strongest line emitters at z˜ 6.8 and from the IRAC colors we estimate a typical [O iii]+Hβ rest-frame equivalent width of 1085 Å for this sample. The small redshift uncertainties on our sample make it particularly well suited for follow-up studies with facilities such as ALMA.

  13. Synthesis and antiviral activity of N9-[3-fluoro-2-(phosphonomethoxy)propyl] analogues derived from N6-substituted adenines and 2,6-diaminopurines.

    PubMed

    Baszczyňski, Ondřej; Jansa, Petr; Dračínský, Martin; Klepetářová, Blanka; Holý, Antonín; Votruba, Ivan; de Clercq, Erik; Balzarini, Jan; Janeba, Zlatko

    2011-04-01

    An efficient method for the synthesis of N(9)-[3-fluoro-2-(phosphonomethoxy)propyl] (FPMP) derivatives of purine bases has been developed. Both (R)- and (S)-enantiomers of the N(6)-substituted FPMP derivatives of adenine and 2,6-diaminopurine were prepared and their anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and anti-Moloney murine sarcoma virus (MSV) activity was evaluated. Whereas none of the 6-substituted FPMPA derivatives showed any antiviral activity, several FPMPDAP derivatives had a moderate antiretroviral activity. Moreover, the data obtained from the study of the substrate activity of the active derivatives towards N(6)-methyl-AMP aminohydrolase support the notion that the studied N(6)-substituted FPMPDAP derivatives act as prodrugs of the antiretroviral FPMPG analogues.

  14. Dynamic and static quenching of 1,N6-ethenoadenine fluorescence in nicotinamide 1,N6-ethenoadenine dinucleotide and in 1,N6-etheno-9-(3-(indol-3-yl) propyl) adenine.

    PubMed Central

    Gruber, B A; Leonard, N J

    1975-01-01

    For nicotinamide 1,N6-ethenoadenine dinucleotide (epsilonNAD+), the fluorescent analog of NAD+, in neutral aqueous solution the quantum yield has been determined to be 0.028 and the fluorescent lifetime, 2.1 nsec. Simultaneous determination of quantum yields and lifetimes of epsilonNAD+ and of the "half molecule" epsilonAMP allows the calculation of the percentage of stacked and open conformations of the dinucleotide. At 25 degrees in neutral aqueous solution there is 45 +/- 5% of stacked forms. The value of the fluorescent impurities, especially those containing the epsilon-adenosine moiety, and a purification procedure using high performance liquid chromatography was devised to obtain fluorescently homogeneous preparations. In order to study the effect on epsilon-adenosine fluorescence caused by the possible close proximity of a tryptophan in a polypeptide chain or protein, we have prepared 1,N6-etheno-9-[3-(indol-3-yl)propyl]adenine (epsilonAde9-C3-Ind3), a model compound in which indole is used as a neutral substitute for tryptophan. Fluorescence studies on epsilonAde9-C3-Ind3 show that the formation of an intramolecular complex results in complete quenching of the epsilon-adenine fluorescence. It is therefore predictable that positioning of the epsilon-adenosine of any fluorescent coenzyme moiety (e.q., epsilonATP, epsilonADP) in close proximity to a tryptophan in a protein will result in complete fluorescence quenching of the former. PMID:172889

  15. Effect of water intercalation on the structure and electrophysical properties of YBa2Cu3O6.9

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bobylev, I. B.; Zyuzeva, N. A.; Degtyarev, M. V.; Gerasimov, E. G.; Ponosov, Yu. S.; Pilyugin, V. P.

    2016-09-01

    The influence of water vapors and plastic deformation on the structure and electrophysical properties of YBa2Cu3O6.9 (123) has been studied. It has been established that, at T = 200°C, the introduction of water into the structure of YBa2Cu3O6.9 leads to its transition into a defect tetragonal phase of the 124 type as a result of the formation of planar stacking faults. After annealing at T = 930°C, these defects are partially retained and are efficient centers of pinning in the magnetic fields applied perpendicularly to the c axis, which makes it possible to increase (by an order of magnitude) the critical current density in the high-textured ceramics at 77 K in the external magnetic field of 5-10 T. The plastic deformation of the hydrated ceramics favors the reverse transition of the arising 124 phase to the 123 phase at T = 930°C and is accompanied by a recrystallization of the material, which leads to the appearance of a texture and an increase the critical current density.

  16. Crystal structure and computational study of 3,4-dihy­droxy-3-hy­droxy­methyl-9-methyl-6-methyl­idene-3a,4,5,6,6a,9,9a,9b-octa­hydro­azuleno[4,5-b]furan-2,8(3H,7H)-dione

    PubMed Central

    Çelik, Ísmail; Akkurt, Mehmet; Akşit, Hüseyin; Erenler, Ramazan; García-Granda, Santiago

    2015-01-01

    In the mol­ecule of title compound, C15H20O6, also known as cynarinin A, the cyclo­pentane ring having twist conformation and a γ-lactone ring assuming an envelope conformation are trans- and cis-fused, respectively, to a cyclo­heptane ring adopting a twist-chair conformation. In the crystal, O—H⋯O hydrogen bonds link neighbouring mol­ecules, forming a three-dimensional network. Theoretical calculations of the mol­ecular structure using the CNDO approximation and MOPAC PM3 geometry optimization are in satisfactory agreement with the results of the X-ray structure analysis. PMID:26870396

  17. Hierarchical cobalt-formate framework series with (4{sup 12}⋅6{sup 3})(4{sup 9}⋅6{sup 6}){sub n} (n = 1–3) topologies exhibiting slow dielectric relaxation and weak ferromagnetism

    SciTech Connect

    Shang, Ran; Chen, Sa; Hu, Ke-Li; Jiang, Ze-Chun; Wang, Bing-Wu; Wang, Zhe-Ming E-mail: gaosong@pku.edu.cn; Gao, Song E-mail: gaosong@pku.edu.cn; Kurmoo, Mohamedally

    2014-12-01

    The employment of linear di-, tri-, and tetra-ammoniums has generated a hierarchy in the binodal (4{sup 12}⋅6{sup 3})(4{sup 9}⋅6{sup 6}){sub n} topologies with n = 1, 2, and 3, respectively, for the cobalt formate frameworks with increasing length of the cavities to match the ammoniums. This indicates the length-directing effect of the polyammoniums. The dynamic movements of polyammoniums between favored sites or orientations within the cavities lead to slow dielectric relaxations. All materials are spin-canted antiferromagnets in low temperatures and show reduced spontaneous magnetizations from di- and tri-, to tetra-ammoniums, because of the increased number of unique Co ions or the antiferromagnetically coupled sublattices.

  18. Anticonvulsant profiles of certain new 6-aryl-9-substituted-6,9-diazaspiro-[4.5]decane-8,10-diones and 1-aryl-4-substituted-1,4-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-3,5-diones.

    PubMed

    Aboul-Enein, Mohamed N; El-Azzouny, Aida A; Attia, Mohamed I; Maklad, Yousreya A; Aboutabl, Mona E; Ragab, Fatma; Abd El-Hamid, Walaa H A

    2014-09-23

    Synthesis and anticonvulsant potential of certain new 6-aryl-9-substituted-6,9-diazaspiro[4.5]decane-8,10-diones (6a-l) and 1-aryl-4-substituted-1,4-diazaspiro[5.5] undecane-3,5-diones (6m-x) are reported. The intermediates 1-[(aryl)(cyanomethyl)amino] cycloalkanecarboxamides (3a-f) were prepared via adopting Strecker synthesis on the proper cycloalkanone followed by partial hydrolysis of the obtained nitrile functionality and subsequent N-cyanomethylation. Compounds 3a-f were subjected to complete nitrile hydrolysis to give the respective carboxylic acid derivatives 4a-f which were cyclized under mild conditions to give the spiro compounds 5a-f. Ultimately, compounds 5a-f were alkylated or aralkylated to give the target compounds 6a-i and 6m-u. On the other hand, compounds 6j-l and 6v-x were synthesized from the intermediates 5a-f through alkylation, dehydration and finally tetrazole ring formation. Anticonvulsant screening of the target compounds 6a-x revealed that compound 6g showed an ED50 of 0.0043 mmol/kg in the scPTZ screen, being about 14 and 214 fold more potent than the reference drugs, Phenobarbital (ED50 = 0.06 mmol/kg) and Ethosuximide (ED50 = 0.92 mmol/kg), respectively. Compound 6e exhibited an ED50 of 0.019 mmol/kg, being about 1.8 fold more potent than that of the reference drug, Diphenylhydantoin (ED50 = 0.034 mmol/kg) in the MES screen. Interestingly, all the test compounds 6a-x did not show any minimal motor impairment at the maximum administered dose in the neurotoxicity screen.

  19. Anticonvulsant Profiles of Certain New 6-Aryl-9-substituted-6,9-diazaspiro-[4.5]decane-8,10-diones and 1-Aryl-4-substituted-1,4-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-3,5-diones

    PubMed Central

    Aboul-Enein, Mohamed N.; El-Azzouny, Aida A.; Attia, Mohamed I.; Maklad, Yousreya A.; Aboutabl, Mona E.; Ragab, Fatma; El-Hamid, Walaa H. A. Abd

    2014-01-01

    Synthesis and anticonvulsant potential of certain new 6-aryl-9-substituted-6,9-diazaspiro[4.5]decane-8,10-diones (6a–l) and 1-aryl-4-substituted-1,4-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-3,5-diones (6m–x) are reported. The intermediates 1-[(aryl)(cyanomethyl)amino]cycloalkanecarboxamides (3a–f) were prepared via adopting Strecker synthesis on the proper cycloalkanone followed by partial hydrolysis of the obtained nitrile functionality and subsequent N-cyanomethylation. Compounds 3a–f were subjected to complete nitrile hydrolysis to give the respective carboxylic acid derivatives 4a–f which were cyclized under mild conditions to give the spiro compounds 5a–f. Ultimately, compounds 5a–f were alkylated or aralkylated to give the target compounds 6a–i and 6m–u. On the other hand, compounds 6j–l and 6v–x were synthesized from the intermediates 5a–f through alkylation, dehydration and finally tetrazole ring formation. Anticonvulsant screening of the target compounds 6a–x revealed that compound 6g showed an ED50 of 0.0043 mmol/kg in the scPTZ screen, being about 14 and 214 fold more potent than the reference drugs, Phenobarbital (ED50 = 0.06 mmol/kg) and Ethosuximide (ED50 = 0.92 mmol/kg), respectively. Compound 6e exhibited an ED50 of 0.019 mmol/kg, being about 1.8 fold more potent than that of the reference drug, Diphenylhydantoin (ED50 = 0.034 mmol/kg) in the MES screen. Interestingly, all the test compounds 6a–x did not show any minimal motor impairment at the maximum administered dose in the neurotoxicity screen. PMID:25250910

  20. The Other-Race Effect in a Longitudinal Sample of 3-, 6- and 9-Month-Old Infants: Evidence of a Training Effect

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spangler, Sibylle M.; Schwarzer, Gudrun; Freitag, Claudia; Vierhaus, Marc; Teubert, Manuel; Fassbender, Ina; Lohaus, Arnold; Kolling, Thorsten; Graf, Frauke; Goertz, Claudia; Knopf, Monika; Lamm, Bettina; Keller, Heidi

    2013-01-01

    We investigated the development of the other-race effect "ORE" in a longitudinal sample of 3-, 6-, and 9-month-old Caucasian infants. Previous research using cross-sectional samples has shown an unstable ORE at 3 months, an increase at 6 months and full development at 9 months. In Experiment 1, we tested whether 9-month-olds showed the…

  1. 6-Substituted 9-fluoroquino[3,2-b]benzo[1,4]thiazines display strong antiproliferative and antitumor properties.

    PubMed

    Jeleń, Małgorzata; Pluta, Krystian; Zimecki, Michał; Morak-Młodawska, Beata; Artym, Jolanta; Kocięba, Maja

    2015-01-07

    6-Substituted 9-fluoroquino[3,2-b]benzo[1,4]thiazines - a new type of tetracyclic azaphenothiazines-were obtained from of 6H-9-fluoroquinobenzothiazine by the introduction of appropriate substituents to the thiazine nitrogen atom (alkyl, aminoalkyl, amidoalkyl, sulfonamidoalkyl and nitrogen half-mustard groups). The compounds displayed differential cytotoxic as well as antiproliferative actions against human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) stimulated with phytohemagglutinin A (PHA). In addition, they suppressed lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) production by whole blood human cell cultures. Two compounds (4 and 15, with the propargyl and methanesulfonamidopropyl groups) were selected for further experiments because of lack of cytotoxicity and strong antiproliferative actions. Compound 4 showed strong suppressive actions on growth of L1210, SW948, A-431 and CX-1 tumor cell lines which were close to those of cisplatin, the reference drug (e.g. GI50 of 2.28 μg/mL vs. 1.86 μg/mL for L1210 cells). Further, the compound appeared to be equally effective as cyclosporine A (CsA) in the inhibition of human two-way mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR). The compound did not significantly inhibit interleukin 2 (IL-2)-induced growth of CTLL-2 cell line. In addition, inhibition of prostaglandin (PG) synthesis by indomethacin or block of PG receptors did not interfere with the inhibitory effect of the compound on PHA-induced cell proliferation. Therefore, it is likely that the compound acts by inhibiting cell cycle as proposed for other phenothiazines. Further studies are required for the elucidation of the mechanism of action and therapeutic utility of these compounds in more advanced in vivo models.

  2. The ionothermal synthesis of metal organic frameworks, Ln(C 9O 6H 3)((CH 3NH) 2CO) 2, using deep eutectic solvents

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Himeur, Farida; Stein, Irene; Wragg, David S.; Slawin, Alexandra M. Z.; Lightfoot, Philip; Morris, Russell E.

    2010-04-01

    Three new isostructural materials Ln(TMA)(DMU) 2 (Ln(C 9O 6H 3)((CH 3NH) 2CO) 2; Ln: La 1, Nd 2, Eu 3; TMA: trimesate, DMU: dimethylurea) have been synthesised ionothermally using a choline chloride/dimethylurea deep eutectic mixture as the solvent. Normally in ionothermal synthesis the urea portion of the deep eutectic solvent is unstable, breaking down to release ammonium cations that act as templates. In the case of 1- 3, however, the dimethylurea remains intact and is incorporated into the final structure.

  3. Isolation and structures of sulfonium salts derived from thioethers: [{o-C(6)H(4)(CH(2)SMe)(2)}H][NbF(6)] and [{[9]aneS(3)}H][NbF(6)].

    PubMed

    Jura, Marek; Levason, William; Reid, Gillian; Webster, Michael

    2009-10-07

    Two very unusual sulfonium salts, [{o-C(6)H(4)(CH(2)SMe)(2)}H][NbF(6)] and [{[9]aneS(3)}H][NbF(6)], obtained from reaction of the thioethers with NbF(5) in CH(2)Cl(2) solution, are reported and their structures described; the eight-coordinate tetrafluoro Nb(v) cation of the dithioether is obtained from the same reaction.

  4. Crystal structure of (1S,3R,8R,9R)-2,2-di-chloro-3,7,7-tri-methyl-10-methylenetri-cyclo-[6.4.0.0(1,3)]dodecan-9-ol.

    PubMed

    Benzalim, Ahmed; Auhmani, Aziz; Bimoussa, Abdoullah; Ait Itto, My Youssef; Daran, Jean-Claude; Auhmani, Abdelwahed

    2016-08-01

    The title compound, C16H24Cl2O, was synthesized by treating (1S,3R,8S,9R,10S)-2,2-di-chloro-3,7,7,10-tetra-methyl-9,10-ep-oxy-tri-cyclo-[6.4.0.0(1,3)]dodecane with a concentrated solution of hydro-bromic acid. It is built up from three fused rings: a cyclo-heptane ring, a cyclo-hexyl ring bearing alkene and hy-droxy substituents, and a cyclo-propane ring bearing two chlorine atoms. The asymmetric unit contains two mol-ecules linked by an O-H⋯O hydrogen bond. In the crystal, further O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds build up an R 4 (4)(8) cyclic tetra-mer. One of the mol-ecules presents disorder that affects the seven-membered ring. In both mol-ecules, the six-membered rings display a chair conformation, whereas the seven-membered rings display conformations inter-mediate between boat and twist-boat for the non-disordered mol-ecule and either a chair or boat and twist-boat for the disordered mol-ecule owing to the disorder. The absolute configuration for both mol-ecules is 1S,3R,8R,9R and was deduced from the chemical pathway and further confirmed by the X-ray structural analysis.

  5. Nqrs Data for C9H20BiN7O7S3 [C9H18BiN7O6S3·H2O] (Subst. No. 1193)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chihara, H.; Nakamura, N.

    This document is part of Subvolume A `Substances Containing Ag … C10H15' of Volume 48 `Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy Data' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group III `Condensed Matter'. It contains an extract of Section `3.2 Data tables' of the Chapter `3 Nuclear quadrupole resonance data' providing the NQRS data for C9H20BiN7O7S3 [C9H18BiN7O6S3·H2O] (Subst. No. 1193)

  6. Optical transition probabilities in Er3+- and Tm3+-doped LiLa9(SiO4)6O2 crystals.

    PubMed

    Cantelar, E; Quintanilla, M; Cussó, F; Cavalli, E; Bettinelli, M

    2010-06-02

    In this work, Er(3+) and Tm(3+)-doped LiLa(9)(SiO(4))(6)O(2) crystals have been grown from an Li(2)MoO(4) flux in the 1360-940 °C temperature range. Optical absorption spectra have been measured to obtain the experimental oscillator strengths of the transitions from the ground state to the excited levels. Judd-Ofelt calculations have been performed to estimate the Ω(2), Ω(4) and Ω(6) intensity parameters. The dynamics of selected Er(3+) and Tm(3+) manifolds have been investigated under selective pulsed excitation in order to determine the energy gap law by comparing the observed decay rates with the Judd-Ofelt predictions.

  7. 17 CFR 240.3b-11 - Definitions relating to limited partnership roll-up transactions for purposes of sections 6(b)(9...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... limited partnership roll-up transactions for purposes of sections 6(b)(9), 14(h) and 15A(b)(12)-(13). 240... transactions for purposes of sections 6(b)(9), 14(h) and 15A(b)(12)-(13). For purposes of sections 6(b)(9), 14(h) and 15A(b)(12)-(13) of the Act (15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(9), 78n(h) and 78o-3(b)(12)-(13)): (a)......

  8. 17 CFR 240.3b-11 - Definitions relating to limited partnership roll-up transactions for purposes of sections 6(b)(9...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... limited partnership roll-up transactions for purposes of sections 6(b)(9), 14(h) and 15A(b)(12)-(13). 240... transactions for purposes of sections 6(b)(9), 14(h) and 15A(b)(12)-(13). For purposes of sections 6(b)(9), 14(h) and 15A(b)(12)-(13) of the Act (15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(9), 78n(h) and 78o-3(b)(12)-(13)): (a)......

  9. 17 CFR 240.3b-11 - Definitions relating to limited partnership roll-up transactions for purposes of sections 6(b)(9...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... limited partnership roll-up transactions for purposes of sections 6(b)(9), 14(h) and 15A(b)(12)-(13). 240... transactions for purposes of sections 6(b)(9), 14(h) and 15A(b)(12)-(13). For purposes of sections 6(b)(9), 14(h) and 15A(b)(12)-(13) of the Act (15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(9), 78n(h) and 78o-3(b)(12)-(13)): (a)......

  10. 17 CFR 240.3b-11 - Definitions relating to limited partnership roll-up transactions for purposes of sections 6(b)(9...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... limited partnership roll-up transactions for purposes of sections 6(b)(9), 14(h) and 15A(b)(12)-(13). 240... transactions for purposes of sections 6(b)(9), 14(h) and 15A(b)(12)-(13). For purposes of sections 6(b)(9), 14(h) and 15A(b)(12)-(13) of the Act (15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(9), 78n(h) and 78o-3(b)(12)-(13)): (a)......

  11. 17 CFR 240.3b-11 - Definitions relating to limited partnership roll-up transactions for purposes of sections 6(b)(9...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... limited partnership roll-up transactions for purposes of sections 6(b)(9), 14(h) and 15A(b)(12)-(13). 240... transactions for purposes of sections 6(b)(9), 14(h) and 15A(b)(12)-(13). For purposes of sections 6(b)(9), 14(h) and 15A(b)(12)-(13) of the Act (15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(9), 78n(h) and 78o-3(b)(12)-(13)): (a)......

  12. Bilateral key comparison CCM.P-K3.1 for absolute pressure measurements from 3 × 10-6 Pa to 9 × 10-4 Pa

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fedchak, J. A.; Bock, Th; Jousten, K.

    2014-01-01

    This report describes the bilateral key comparison CCM.P-K3.1 between the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) for absolute pressure in the range from 3 × 10-6 Pa to 9 × 10-4 Pa. This comparison was a follow-up to the comparison CCM.P-K3. Two ionization gauges and two spinning rotor gauges (SRGs) were used as the transfer standards for the comparison. The SRGs were used to compare the standards at a pressure of 9 × 10-4 Pa and to normalize the ionization gauge readings. The two ionization gauges were used to compare the standards in the pressure range of from 3 × 10-6 Pa to 3 × 10-4 Pa. Both laboratories used dynamic expansion chambers as standards in the comparison. The two labs showed excellent agreement with each other and with the CCM.P-K3 key comparison reference value (KCRV) over the entire range. Main text. To reach the main text of this paper, click on Final Report. Note that this text is that which appears in Appendix B of the BIPM key comparison database kcdb.bipm.org/. The final report has been peer-reviewed and approved for publication by the CCM, according to the provisions of the CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement (CIPM MRA).

  13. Spectrometric measurements and DFT studies on new complex of copper (II) with 2-((E)-9-ethyl-3-(2-(6-(4-methylpyridin-2-yl)pyridin-3-yl)vinyl)-9H-carbazole

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Haoyang; Hu, Jie; Zhao, Jianying; Zhang, Yu

    2016-11-01

    The molecular structure of a new complex of copper (II) with (E)-9-ethyl-3-(2-(6-(4-methylpyridin-2-yl)pyridin-3-yl)vinyl)-9H-carbazole ([Cu2(emppc)2Cl2]Cl2) was optimized with B3LYP/LanL2DZ, PBE1PBE/LanL2DZ and M062X/LanL2DZ theoretical level. The ligand, (E)-9-ethyl-3-(2-(6-(4-methylpyridin-2-yl)pyridin-3-yl)vinyl)-9H-carbazole (emppc), binds to Cu(II) ions with a bi-dentate mode, two Cl- serve as bridging ligand, each Cu(II) ion has a highly distorted tetrahedron coordination geometry. With M062X/LanL2DZ theoretical level, the calculated interaction energies of Cu(II) with coordination atoms N are between 183.3-200.0 kJ mol- 1 for α spin and 319.4-324.9 kJ mol- 1 for β spin, and interaction energies of Cu(II) with coordination atoms Cl atom are 248.0-252.4 kJ mol- 1 for α spin and 332.6-333.6 kJ mol- 1 for β spin. The experimental Fourier transform infrared spectrum was assigned. The calculated IR based on B3LYP/LanL2DZ, PBE1PBE/LanL2DZ and M062X/LanL2DZ methods were performed and compared with experimental results. The UV-Vis experimental spectra of [Cu2(emppc)2Cl2]Cl2 was measured in methanol solution. The calculated electronic spectrum was performed with TD/M062X and PCM-TD/M062X methods with LanL2DZ basis set. The nature bond orbital analysis and temperature dependence of the thermodynamic properties were calculated with the same methods.

  14. [Study on the Preparation of Ba3Si6O9N4 : Eu(2+) Phosphor and the Characterization of Their Luminescence Properties].

    PubMed

    Pan, Hua-yan; Wang, Le; Luo, Dong; Li, Yang-hui; Zhang, Hong; Shen, Ye

    2016-03-01

    Ba3Si6O9N4 : Eu(2+) phosphors were synthesized by two-step synthesis processes based on high temperature solid phase using BaSiO3 as a precursor. The influence mechanism of the Eu(2+) doping concentration to the luminescence properties of Ba3Si6O9N4 : Eu(2+) phosphors were mainly investigated. This paper made a comparison between the luminescence properties of Ba3Si6ON4 : Eu(2+) phosphors prepared by two-step processes and solid- state reaction method. The results showed that the Ba3Si6O9N4 : Eu(3+) phosphors synthesized by two-step processes had higher purity and higher crystallinity. There exists concentration quenching in Ba3Si6O9N4 : Eu(2+) phosphors for both two-step processes and solid-state reaction when the doping concentration x is more than 9%. Both the concentration quenching mechanism of Ba3 Si 09 N4 : EuI+ phosphor prepared by solid-state reaction and two-step processes is electric dipole-dipole interaction. The emission peak of Ba3Si6O9N4 : Eu(2+) phosphors (peak 489 nm) prepared by two-step processes had a blue shift compared to the emission peak of Ba3Si6O9N4 : Eu2+ phosphors (peak 512nm) prepared by solid-state reaction. The emission peak of Ba3Si6O9N4 : Eu2+ phosphors prepared by two-step processes relatively close to the theoretical value (480 nm). The spectrum analysis result showed that the element component of Ba3Si6O3N4 : Eu2+ phosphors prepared by two-step processes was closer to the theoretical value, it means that the two-step processes can effectively reduce the lattice defects. The Ba3Si6O9N4 : Eu(2+) phosphors synthesized by two-step processes had better thermal stability, which demonstrates to be a highly promising phosphor for white-LED applications.

  15. Investigation of 9-(2-hydroxy-4,4-dimethyl-6-oxocyclohex-1-en-1-yl)-3,3-dimethyl-2,3,4,9-tetrahydro-1H-xanthen-1-one: Crystal structure, AIM and NBO analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Udayakumar, Mani; Jagatheeswaran, Kothandapani; Ganesan, Subramaniapillai Selva; Venkataramanan, Natarajan S.; Madan Kumar, Shankar; Byrappa, Kullaiah; Thamotharan, Subbiah

    2017-04-01

    Single crystal X-ray analysis reveals that the 9-(2-hydroxy-4,4-dimethyl-6-oxocyclohex-1-en-1-yl)-3,3-dimethyl-2,3,4,9-tetrahydro-1H-xanthen-1-one, crystallizes in the centrosymmetric space group P21/c. In the crystal, molecules form as a dimer through a keto-enol type hydrogen-bonding pattern along with intermolecular Csbnd H⋯O interactions. The crystal structure of the title compound is further stabilized by intermolecular H⋯H interactions. Various intermolecular interactions present in the crystal structure are quantified by Hirshfeld surface analysis, PIXEL energy, NBO, AIM and DFT calculations. The energetics of the title compound is also compared with that of the two closely related analogs. Further, the vibrational modes of the interacting groups are characterized using both the experimental and simulated FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra. The experimental and calculated UV-visible spectra are compared and agree well. The time-dependent DFT spectra suggest that the ligand-to-ligand charge transfer within the molecule is responsible for the intense absorbance.

  16. Nqrs Data for C10H4CrD6N2O3S [C9CrD6O3·CH4N2S] (Subst. No. 1205)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chihara, H.; Nakamura, N.

    This document is part of Subvolume A `Substances Containing Ag … C10H15' of Volume 48 `Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy Data' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group III `Condensed Matter'. It contains an extract of Section `3.2 Data tables' of the Chapter `3 Nuclear quadrupole resonance data' providing the NQRS data for C10H4CrD6N2O3S [C9CrD6O3·CH4N2S] (Subst. No. 1205)

  17. Histone Deacetylases 6 and 9 and Sirtuin-1 Control Foxp3+ Regulatory T Cell Function Through Shared and Isotype-Specific Mechanisms

    PubMed Central

    Beier, Ulf H.; Wang, Liqing; Han, Rongxiang; Akimova, Tatiana; Liu, Yujie; Hancock, Wayne W.

    2013-01-01

    Therapeutic targeting of histone/protein deacetylase 6 (HDAC6), HDAC9, or the sirtuin-1 (Sirt1) augments the suppressive functions of regulatory T cells (Tregs) that contain the transcription factor Foxp3. However, it is unclear whether distinct mechanisms are involved or whether combined inhibition of these targets would be more beneficial. We compared the suppressive functions of Tregs from wild-type C57BL/6 mice with those from mice with either global (HDAC6−/−, HDAC9−/−, and HDAC6−/−HDAC9−/−), or conditional (fl-Sirt1/CD4-Cre or fl-Sirt1/Foxp3-Cre) HDAC deletion, as well as treatment with isoform-selective HDAC inhibitors. We found that the heat shock response was important for the improvement of Treg suppressive function mediated by HDAC6 inhibition, but not Sirt1 inhibition. Furthermore, although HDAC6, HDAC9, and Sirt1 all deacetylated Foxp3, each protein had diverse effects on transcription factors controlling Foxp3 gene expression. For example, loss of HDAC9 was associated with stabilization of the acetylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) and of its transcriptional activity. Hence, targeting different HDACs increased Treg function by multiple and additive mechanisms, which indicates the therapeutic potential for combinations of HDAC inhibitors in the management of autoimmunity and organ transplantation. PMID:22715468

  18. Mitogen-activated protein kinase 6 mediates nuclear translocation of ORE3 to promote ORE9 gene expression in methyl jasmonate-induced leaf senescence.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yushan; Liu, Jian; Chai, Jinyu; Xing, Da

    2016-01-01

    Methyl jasmonate (MeJA) is a potent promoter of plant senescence. ORESARA3 (ORE3)/ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE2 (EIN2), a protein similar to the members of the disease-related Nramp metal transporter family, is involved in cross-talk among several senescence processes related to abscisic acid, ethylene, MeJA, age and darkness. Nevertheless, the mechanism involved in the regulation of ORE3/EIN2 in exogenous MeJA-induced leaf senescence remains unclear. The C-terminal end of ORE3/EIN2 (CEND) was cleaved from ORE3/EIN2 located in the endoplasmic reticulum and then transferred to the nucleus during MeJA-induced senescence. Further analyses showed that mitogen-activated protein kinase 6 (MPK6) promoted CEND cleavage and nuclear translocation. Nuclear CEND accumulated ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE3 (EIN3), a transcription factor that accelerates MeJA-induced leaf senescence wherein ORESARA9 (ORE9) expression was suppressed in ein3, ore3, and mpk6 mutant plants. ChIP experiments revealed that EIN3 bound directly to the ORE9 promoter and this binding was enhanced in MeJA-induced leaf senescence. This study revealed the effect of the signalling pathway involving MPK6-ORE3-EIN3-ORE9 on regulating leaf senescence and provided insights into the mechanism of MeJA in promoting leaf senescence in Arabidopsis thaliana.

  19. 11-Methyl-12a-phenyl-9a,12a-dihydrophenanthro[9',10':5,6][1,4]dioxino[2,3-d]oxazole and 9a-(10-hydroxyphenanthren-9-yl)-11,12a-diphenyl-9a,12a-dihydrophenanthro[9',10':5,6][1,4]dioxino[2,3-d]oxazole.

    PubMed

    Usman, Anwar; Razak, Ibrahim Abdul; Fun, Hoong-Kun; Chantrapromma, Suchada; Zhang, Yan; Xu, Jian-Hua

    2002-08-01

    In the title compounds, C(24)H(17)NO(3), (I), and C(43)H(27)NO(5), (II), the dioxine ring is not planar and tends toward a boat conformation. The oxazoline ring adopts a twisted conformation in molecule (I) but is essentially planar in molecule (II). The configuration of the dioxine-oxazoline system is determined by the sp(3) state of the two shared atoms. The phenanthrene moiety is nearly coplanar with the dioxine ring, while the phenyl ring is perpendicular to the attached oxazole ring. The triclinic unit cell of (II) contains two crystallographically independent molecules related by a pseudo-inversion centre.

  20. Effects of distortion of the intercluster motion in {sup 2}H, {sup 3}He, {sup 3}H, {sup 6}Li, and {sup 9}Be on Trojan horse applications

    SciTech Connect

    Pizzone, R. G.; Spitaleri, C.; La Cognata, M.; Lamia, L.; Romano, S.; Mukhamedzhanov, A. M.; Blokhintsev, L. D.; Bertulani, C. A.; Irgaziev, B. F.

    2009-08-15

    Deuteron induced quasifree scattering and reactions have been extensively investigated in the past few decades as well as {sup 6}Li, {sup 3}H, {sup 3}He, and {sup 9}Be induced reactions. This was done not only for the investigation of nuclear structure and reaction mechanisms but also for important astrophysical applications (Trojan horse method). In particular the widths of the spectator momentum distributions in several nuclei, which have been used as Trojan horses, have been obtained as a function of the transferred momentum. Applications of Trojan horse method will also be discussed because the momentum distribution of the spectator particle inside the nucleus is a important input for this method. This gives hints on distortion effects at low energies important for nuclear astrophysics.

  1. Luminescence properties and identification of the crystallographic sites of Ce3+ in LiGd9(SiO4)6O2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xie, Mubiao; Zhu, Guoxian; Pan, Rongkai

    2017-03-01

    A series of LiGd9-x(SiO4)6O2:xCe3+ phosphors were prepared by a conventional high temperature solid state reaction method, and their spectroscopic characteristic were systematically investigated. The results showed that two types of Ce3+-emitting centers with emission at about 390 and 430 nm existed in the phosphors LiGd9(SiO4)6O2:Ce3+. The Stokes shift and crystal field depression of Ce(1) and Ce(2) were investigated. The concentration quenching effect and the critical distance of energy transfer were determined.

  2. Down-regulation of microRNA-9 leads to activation of IL-6/Jak/STAT3 pathway through directly targeting IL-6 in HeLa cell.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Jiangbo; Jia, Junqiao; Zhao, Lijun; Li, Xiaojun; Xie, Qing; Chen, Xiangmei; Wang, Jianliu; Lu, Fengmin

    2016-05-01

    MicroRNA-9 (miR-9) presents to exert distinct and even opposite functions in different kinds of tumors through targeting different cellular genes. However, its role in cervical adenocarcinoma remains uncertain. Here, we report that miR-9 is down-regulated in cervical adenocarcinoma due to its frequent promoter-hypermethylation and exerts its tumor suppressor role through inhibiting several novel target genes, including interleukin-6 (IL-6). The promoters of miR-9 precursors (mir-9-1, -2, and -3) were hypermethylated in cervical adenocarcinoma tissues. Demethylation treatment of HeLa dramatically increased the expression of mature miR-9. Both in vitro and in vivo functional experiments confirmed that miR-9 can inhibit the proliferation, migration, and malignant transformation abilities of HeLa cells. Bioinformatics methods and array-based RNA expression profiles were used to screen the downstream target genes of miR-9. Dual-luciferase reporting assay, real-time qPCR, and ELISA or Western blot confirmed four genes (CKAP2, HSPC159, IL-6, and TC10) to be novel direct target genes of miR-9. Pathway annotation analysis of the differently expressed genes (DEGs) induced by ectopic miR-9 expression revealed the enrichment in Jak/STAT3 pathway, which is one of the downstream pathways of IL-6. Ectopic expression of miR-9 in HeLa inhibited Jak/STAT3 signaling activity. Moreover, such effect could be partially reversed by the addition of exogenous IL-6. In conclusion, our results here present a tumor suppressor potential of miR-9 in cervical adenocarcinoma for the first time and suggest that miR-9 could repress tumorigenesis through inhibiting the activity of IL-6/Jak/STAT3 pathway.

  3. Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase: Genetic and physical mapping to human chromosome 9q22.3 and evaluation in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

    SciTech Connect

    Rothschild, C.B.; Akots, G.; Roh, B.

    1995-09-01

    PCR primers specific to the human liver fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (FBP) gene were designed and used to isolate a cosmid clone. Physical mapping of the FBP cosmid by FISH, and genetic mapping of an associated GA repeat polymorphism (PIC = 0.35), located the liver FBP gene to chromosome 9q22.3 with no recombination between FBP and the index markers D9S196 (Z{sub max} = 13.2), D9S280 (Z{sub max} = 11.7), D9S287 (Z{sub max} = 15.6), and D9S176 (Z{sub max} = 14.4). Amplification using FBP exon-specific primers with a YAC contig from this region of chromosome 9 further refined the placement of FBP genomic sequences to an approximately 1.7-cM region flanked by D9S280 and D9S287, near the gene for Fanconi anemia group C. Precise localization of the FBP gene enabled evaluation of FBP as a candidate gene for maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) and non-insulin-dependent diabetes (NIDDM) in both Caucasian and African-American families, using the highly informative markers D9S287 and D9S176. Although FBP is a rate-limiting enzyme in gluconeogenesis, using both parametric and nonparametric analysis there was no evidence for linkage of FBP to diabetes in these families. 30 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

  4. 7 CFR 6.9 - Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Information. 6.9 Section 6.9 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture IMPORT QUOTAS AND FEES General Provisions § 6.9 Information. Persons desiring information from the Department of Agriculture regarding section 22 or section 8(a), or any action...

  5. 7 CFR 6.9 - Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Information. 6.9 Section 6.9 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture IMPORT QUOTAS AND FEES General Provisions § 6.9 Information. Persons desiring information from the Department of Agriculture regarding section 22 or section 8(a), or any action...

  6. 22 CFR 9.6 - Derivative classification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Derivative classification. 9.6 Section 9.6 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE GENERAL SECURITY INFORMATION REGULATIONS § 9.6 Derivative...'s classified Web site....

  7. 22 CFR 9.6 - Derivative classification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Derivative classification. 9.6 Section 9.6 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE GENERAL SECURITY INFORMATION REGULATIONS § 9.6 Derivative...'s classified Web site....

  8. 22 CFR 9.6 - Derivative classification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Derivative classification. 9.6 Section 9.6 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE GENERAL SECURITY INFORMATION REGULATIONS § 9.6 Derivative classification. (a) Definition. Derivative classification is the incorporating, paraphrasing, restating...

  9. 22 CFR 9.6 - Derivative classification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Derivative classification. 9.6 Section 9.6 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE GENERAL SECURITY INFORMATION REGULATIONS § 9.6 Derivative classification. (a) Definition. Derivative classification is the incorporating, paraphrasing, restating...

  10. 22 CFR 9.6 - Derivative classification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Derivative classification. 9.6 Section 9.6 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE GENERAL SECURITY INFORMATION REGULATIONS § 9.6 Derivative classification. (a) Definition. Derivative classification is the incorporating, paraphrasing, restating...

  11. Application of vibrational correlation formalism to internal conversion rate: case study of Cu(n) (n = 3, 6, and 9) and H2/Cu3.

    PubMed

    Chiodo, Sandro Giuseppe; Mineva, Tzonka

    2015-03-21

    This work reports non-radiative internal conversion (IC) rate constants obtained for Cun with n = 3, 6, and 9 and H2 on Cu3. The Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory (TDDFT) method was employed with three different functionals in order to investigate the electronic structures and the absorption spectra. The performance of the generalized gradient approximation of Perdew, Burke and Ernzerhof (PBE) and the hybrid B3LYP and PBE0 exchange correlation functionals in combination with the SVP and the def2-TZVP basis sets was examined. TDDFT results were used as input data to compute internal conversion rate constants. For this purpose, we have developed a program package. A description of the theoretical background used in our numerical implementation and the program input file is presented. In view of future applications of this program package in photoinduced catalysis, we present the analysis of the IC rate processes for the photodissociation of H2 on Cu3. These results showed the applicability of the method and the computational program to identify the vibrational modes in transition metal clusters giving rise to the largest IC rate constant due to their interactions with the excited electronic states occurring in the hot-electron induced dissociation phenomena.

  12. Application of vibrational correlation formalism to internal conversion rate: Case study of Cun (n = 3, 6, and 9) and H2/Cu3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chiodo, Sandro Giuseppe; Mineva, Tzonka

    2015-03-01

    This work reports non-radiative internal conversion (IC) rate constants obtained for Cun with n = 3, 6, and 9 and H2 on Cu3. The Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory (TDDFT) method was employed with three different functionals in order to investigate the electronic structures and the absorption spectra. The performance of the generalized gradient approximation of Perdew, Burke and Ernzerhof (PBE) and the hybrid B3LYP and PBE0 exchange correlation functionals in combination with the SVP and the def2-TZVP basis sets was examined. TDDFT results were used as input data to compute internal conversion rate constants. For this purpose, we have developed a program package. A description of the theoretical background used in our numerical implementation and the program input file is presented. In view of future applications of this program package in photoinduced catalysis, we present the analysis of the IC rate processes for the photodissociation of H2 on Cu3. These results showed the applicability of the method and the computational program to identify the vibrational modes in transition metal clusters giving rise to the largest IC rate constant due to their interactions with the excited electronic states occurring in the hot-electron induced dissociation phenomena.

  13. ZnBr2-Mediated oxidative spiro-bromocyclization of propiolamide for the synthesis of 3-bromo-1-azaspiro[4.5]deca-3,6,9-triene-2,8-dione.

    PubMed

    He, Yicheng; Qiu, Guanyinsheng

    2017-04-05

    ZnBr2-Mediated oxidative spiro-bromocyclization of N-arylpropiolamide has been described herein for the synthesis of 3-bromo-1-azaspiro[4.5]deca-3,6,9-triene-2,8-dione with high efficiency. One equivalent of water was introduced into the final product. The reaction efficiently proceeded at room temperature, and an excellent tolerance of functional groups was demonstrated. Under standard conditions, 3-bromo-1-oxaspiro[4.5]deca-3,6,9-triene-2,8-dione and 3-bromo-1-azaspiro[4.5]deca-3,6,9-trien-8-one were synthesized.

  14. 40 CFR 721.5400 - 3,6,9,12,15,18,21-Hepta-oxa-tetra-triaoctanoic acid, sodium salt.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false 3,6,9,12,15,18,21-Hepta-oxa-tetra-triaoctanoic acid, sodium salt. 721.5400 Section 721.5400 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT SIGNIFICANT NEW USES OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical...

  15. Ba4KFe3O9: a novel ferrite containing discrete 6-membered rings of corner-sharing FeO4 tetrahedra.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Qingbiao; Nellutla, Saritha; Son, Won-Joon; Vaughn, Shae A; Ye, Longfei; Smith, Mark D; Caignaert, Vincent; Lufaso, Michael; Pekarek, Thomas M; Smirnov, Alex I; Whangbo, Myung-Hwan; zur Loye, Hans-Conrad

    2011-10-17

    Single crystals of a new iron-containing oxide, Ba(4)KFe(3)O(9), were grown from a hydroxide melt, and the crystal structure was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. This ferrite represents the first complex oxide containing isolated 6-membered rings of corner-sharing FeO(4) tetrahedra. Mössbauer measurements are indicative of two tetrahedral high-spin Fe(3+) coordination environments. The observed magnetic moment (~3.9 μ(B)) at 400 K is significantly lower than the calculated spin-only (~5.2 μ(B)) value, indicating the presence of strong antiferromagnetic interactions in the oxide. Our density functional theory calculations confirm the strong antiferromagnetic coupling between adjacent Fe(3+) sites within each 6-membered ring and estimate the nearest-neighbor spin-exchange integral as ~200 K; next-nearest-neighbor interactions are shown to be negligible. The lower than expected effective magnetic moment for Ba(4)KFe(3)O(9) calculated from χT data is explained as resulting from the occupation of lower-lying magnetic states in which more spins are paired. X-band (9.5 GHz) electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra of a powder sample consist of a single line at g ~ 2.01 that is characteristic of Fe(3+) ions in a tetrahedral environment, thus confirming the Mössbauer results. Further analysis of the EPR line shape reveals the presence of two types of Fe(6) magnetic species with an intensity ratio of ~1:9. Both species have Lorentzian line shapes and indistinguishable g factors but differ in their peak-to-peak line widths (δB(pp)). The line-width ratio δB(pp)(major)/δB(pp)(minor) ~ 3.6 correlates well with the ratio of the Weiss constants, θ(minor)/θ(major) ~ 4.

  16. Nqrs Data for C9H21CaCl2N3O6 [CaCl2·3(C3H7NO2)] (Subst. No. 1195)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chihara, H.; Nakamura, N.

    This document is part of Subvolume A `Substances Containing Ag … C10H15' of Volume 48 `Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy Data' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group III `Condensed Matter'. It contains an extract of Section `3.2 Data tables' of the Chapter `3 Nuclear quadrupole resonance data' providing the NQRS data for C9H21CaCl2N3O6 [CaCl2·3(C3H7NO2)] (Subst. No. 1195)

  17. Cs3Zn6B9O21: a chemically benign member of the KBBF family exhibiting the largest second harmonic generation response.

    PubMed

    Yu, Hongwei; Wu, Hongping; Pan, Shilie; Yang, Zhihua; Hou, Xueling; Su, Xin; Jing, Qun; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R; Rondinelli, James M

    2014-01-29

    Nonlinear optical (NLO) crystals are essential materials for generation of coherent UV light in solid state lasers. KBBF is the only material that can achieve coherent light below 200 nm by direct second harmonic generation (SHG). However, its strong layer habits and the high toxicity of the beryllium oxide powders required for synthesis limit its application. By substituting Be with Zn and connecting adjacent [Zn2BO3O2]∞ layers by B3O6 groups, a new UV nonlinear optical material, Cs3Zn6B9O21, was synthesized. It overcomes the processing limitations of KBBF and exhibits the largest SHG response in the KBBF family.

  18. Hydrothermal synthesis and characterization of the first mixed alkali borate-nitrate K{sub 3}Na[B{sub 6}O{sub 9}(OH){sub 3}]NO{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect

    Ortner, Teresa S.; Wurst, Klaus; Perfler, Lukas; Tribus, Martina; Huppertz, Hubert

    2015-01-15

    The first mixed alkali borate-nitrate K{sub 3}Na[B{sub 6}O{sub 9}(OH){sub 3}]NO{sub 3} was synthesized under hydrothermal conditions from Na{sub 2}B{sub 4}O{sub 7}·10H{sub 2}O and K{sub 2}B{sub 4}O{sub 7}·4H{sub 2}O using KNO{sub 3} as a nitrate source. The compound crystallizes in the space group Pnnm (no. 58) with the lattice parameters a=1320.8(3), b=910.7(2), and c=1232.5(3) pm (Z=4). Isolated Sechserrings formed by BO{sub 4} and BO{sub 3} groups are linked through hydrogen bridges to form a three-dimensional network. - Graphical abstract: The first mixed alkali borate-nitrate K{sub 3}Na[B{sub 6}O{sub 9}(OH){sub 3}]NO{sub 3} was synthesized under hydrothermal conditions from Na{sub 2}B{sub 4}O{sub 7}·10H{sub 2}O and K{sub 2}B{sub 4}O{sub 7}·4H{sub 2}O using KNO{sub 3} as a nitrate source. - Highlights: • The first mixed alkali borate-nitrate K{sub 3}Na[B{sub 6}O{sub 9}(OH){sub 3}]NO{sub 3} is reported. • Hydrothermal conditions (240 °C, 3d) were used for the synthesis of K{sub 3}Na[B{sub 6}O{sub 9}(OH){sub 3}]NO{sub 3}. • Borate Sechserrings are interconnected through hydrogen-bonding.

  19. 6 CFR 21.9 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... FROM THE DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY § 21.9 Compliance information. (a) Cooperation and assistance... 6 Domestic Security 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Compliance information. 21.9 Section 21.9 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE...

  20. 6 CFR 1001.9 - Business information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Business information. 1001.9 Section 1001.9... THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT § 1001.9 Business information. (a) Designation of confidential business information. In the event a FOIA request is made for confidential business information previously submitted...

  1. 10 CFR 9.6 - Communications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Communications. 9.6 Section 9.6 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY... the NRC by mail addressed to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001; by.... Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001.The guidance discusses, among other topics,...

  2. 10 CFR 9.6 - Communications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Communications. 9.6 Section 9.6 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY... the NRC by mail addressed to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001; by.... Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001. The guidance discusses, among other topics,...

  3. 10 CFR 9.6 - Communications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Communications. 9.6 Section 9.6 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY... the NRC by mail addressed to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001; by.... Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001. The guidance discusses, among other topics,...

  4. 10 CFR 9.6 - Communications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Communications. 9.6 Section 9.6 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY... the NRC by mail addressed to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001; by.... Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001. The guidance discusses, among other topics,...

  5. 10 CFR 9.6 - Communications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Communications. 9.6 Section 9.6 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY... the NRC by mail addressed to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001; by.... Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001. The guidance discusses, among other topics,...

  6. The effects of addition of omega-3, 6, 9 fatty acids on the quality of bovine chilled and frozen-thawed sperm.

    PubMed

    Kandelousi, M A Sheikholeslami; Arshami, J; Naserian, A A; Abavisani, A

    2013-01-01

    This study was aimed to investigate the effects of omega-3, 6, 9 fatty acids on the characteristics of bovine chilled and frozen-thawed semen. For this purpose, oil containing different levels of omega-3, 6, 9 fatty acids were added to semen extender. To emulsify the oil in semen extender, polyethylene glycol (PEG) was added as a suitable solvent and the solution was finally sonicated. Five proven Holstein bulls were randomly selected and their ejaculates were collected using an artificial vagina. Groups were designed as control, treatments 1, 2, 3 and 4. The control group contained only the basic extender (Tris-citrate buffer, egg yolk and glycerol) without any additives. In treatment 1, only 5% PEG was added to the diluent; while in treatments 2, 3 and 4 different concentrations of omega-3, 6, 9 fatty acids (1.0, 2.5 and 5.0%) in combination with PEG were added to the basic extender. After dilution, the semen samples were packaged into 0.5 ml straws, a process that was followed by cooling the semen straws. Motility, viability and morphology of semen samples were evaluated after 24 and 48 h of storage in refrigerator (5 °C) or after one month of storage in the liquid nitrogen. Immotility was increased and all the other parameters including motility, viability and morphology were significantly decreased in all the groups compared with fresh samples during cold storage and freezing-thawing. Our results demonstrated the following: 1) PEG has significant detrimental effects, especially on the sperm motility; 2) addition of omega-3, 6, 9 fatty acids could not improve the sperm motility in chilled storage condition and after freezing-thawing; and 3) omega-3, 6, 9 fatty acidscould not also attenuate the other deleterious effects of PEG. In conclusion, our findings reveal that addition of these fatty acids to the semen extender does not enhance the resistance of the bovine sperm membrane to cooling and freezing-thawing and that further studies are required to find

  7. Effects of anthocyanidins and anthocyanins on the expression and catalytic activities of CYP2A6, CYP2B6, CYP2C9, and CYP3A4 in primary human hepatocytes and human liver microsomes.

    PubMed

    Srovnalova, Alzbeta; Svecarova, Michaela; Zapletalova, Michaela Kopecna; Anzenbacher, Pavel; Bachleda, Petr; Anzenbacherova, Eva; Dvorak, Zdenek

    2014-01-22

    Anthocyanidins and anthocyanins are pharmacologically active constituents of various berry fruits, such as blueberry and cranberry. These compounds are also contained in massively used nutritional supplements based on extracts or dry matter from berry fruits. The current study evaluated the effects of anthocyanidins and anthocyanins on the expression and catalytic activity of major drug-metabolizing enzymes CYP2C9, CYP2A6, CYP2B6, and CYP3A4 in primary cultures of human hepatocytes and human liver microsomes. Expression of mRNA was quantified by qRT-PCR. Expression of proteins was evaluated by Western blotting and immunochemiluminescence. The catalytic activity of CYP enzymes was measured by HPLC using specific enzyme substrates. Tested anthocyanidins (6) and anthocyanins (21) did not induce the expression of mRNA and protein of CYP2C9, CYP2A6, CYP2B6, and CYP3A4 genes in human hepatocytes. Catalytic activities of CYP2C9, CYP2A6, CYP2B6, and CYP3A4 enzymes were inhibited by all anthocyanidins to different extents (e.g., delphinidin inhibits CYP3A4 by >90% at 100 μM with IC50 = 32 μM). Of 21 anthocyanins tested, only cyanidin-3-O-rhamnoside (CYP3A4 by >75% at 100 μM with IC50 = 44 μM) and two glycosides of delphinidin significantly inhibited examined cytochromes P450. It may be concluded that in the ranges of common ingestion of either food or dietary supplement an induction or significant inhibition of CYP2C9, CYP2A6, CYP2B6, and CYP3A4 activity is most probably not expected.

  8. (9S,13R,14R)-7,8-Didehydro-3,4,7-trimeth-oxy-17-methyl-morphinan-6-one.

    PubMed

    Li, Yu-Feng; Qian, Yi; Yin, Li-He; Lv, Ran; Zhu, Hong-Jun

    2009-03-06

    The title compound, C(20)H(25)NO(4), was synthesized by a Mitsunobu reaction of sinomenine [(9S,13R,14R)-7,8-didehydro-4-hydroxy-3,7-dimethoxy-17-methylmorphinan-6-one] with methanol. The chiral centers were unchanged during the reaction. Intra-molecular C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds result in the formation of six-membered rings.

  9. Design, synthesis, and evaluation of aza-peptide Michael acceptors as selective and potent inhibitors of caspases-2, -3, -6, -7, -8, -9, and -10.

    PubMed

    Ekici, Ozlem Dogan; Li, Zhao Zhao; Campbell, Amy J; James, Karen Ellis; Asgian, Juliana L; Mikolajczyk, Jowita; Salvesen, Guy S; Ganesan, Rajkumar; Jelakovic, Stjepan; Grütter, Markus G; Powers, James C

    2006-09-21

    Aza-peptide Michael acceptors are a novel class of inhibitors that are potent and specific for caspases-2, -3, -6, -7, -8, -9, and -10. The second-order rate constants are in the order of 10(6) M(-1) s(-1). The aza-peptide Michael acceptor inhibitor 18t (Cbz-Asp-Glu-Val-AAsp-trans-CH=CH-CON(CH(2)-1-Naphth)(2) is the most potent compound and it inhibits caspase-3 with a k(2) value of 5620000 M(-1) s(-1). The inhibitor 18t is 13700, 190, 6.4, 594, 37500, and 173-fold more selective for caspase-3 over caspases-2, -6, -7, -8, -9, and -10, respectively. Aza-peptide Michael acceptors designed with caspase specific sequences are selective and do not show any cross reactivity with clan CA cysteine proteases such as papain, cathepsin B, and calpains. High-resolution crystal structures of caspase-3 and caspase-8 in complex with aza-peptide Michael acceptor inhibitors demonstrate the nucleophilic attack on C2 and provide insight into the selectivity and potency of the inhibitors with respect to the P1' moiety.

  10. New electroactive polymers with electronically isolated 3,6,9-triarylcarbazole units as efficient hole transporting materials for organic light emitting diodes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Griniene, R.; Tavgeniene, D.; Baranauskyte, U.; Xie, Z.; Zhang, B.; Gelzinis, A.; Grigalevicius, S.

    2017-04-01

    Polyethers containing electronically isolated 3,6,9-triarylcarbazole moieties have been synthesized by the multi-step synthetic procedures. A polymer containing unsubstituted carbazole rings was also prepared for comparison of properties. Full characterization of the materials is presented. The new polymers represent materials of high thermal stability with initial thermal degradation temperatures exceeding 367 °C. The high glass transition temperatures of the amorphous materials were in the rage of 133-146 °C. The electron photoemission spectra of thin layers of the polymers showed ionization potentials in the range of 5.52-5.6 eV. Hole-transporting properties of the electroactive materials were tested in the structures of organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) with tris(quinolin-8-olato)aluminium as the green emitter and electron transporting material. The OLED devices in general exhibited rather low turn-on voltages of 3.2-4.2 V, high maximum brightness of 4910-7500 cd/m2 and luminous efficiency of 1.7-3.1 cd/A. It was confirmed that the devices containing the polymers with 3,6,9-triarylcarbazole moieties demonstrate considerably better OLED performance than that of device with polymer containing unsubstituted carbazole rings due to its higher ionization potential and accordingly worse hole injecting properties. The device containing hole-transporting layer of polymer with 3,6-di(1-naphthyl)-9-phenylcarbazole units exhibited the best overall performance with rather low turn on voltage of 4.4 V, maximum photometric efficiency exceeding 3.1 cd/A and maximum brightness of about 7500 cd/m2.

  11. Crystal structures of the two epimers from the unusual thermal C6-epimerization of 5-oxo-1,2,3,5,5a,6,7,9b-octa­hydro-7,9a-ep­oxy­pyrrolo­[2,1-a]iso­indole-6-carb­oxy­lic acid, 5a(RS),6(SR),7(RS),9a(SR),9b(SR) and 5a(RS),6(RS),7(RS),9a(SR),9b(SR)

    PubMed Central

    Poplevin, Dmitry S.; Zubkov, Fedor I.; Dorovatovskii, Pavel V.; Zubavichus, Yan V.; Khrustalev, Victor N.

    2016-01-01

    The isomeric title compounds, C12H13NO4 (Ia) and C12H13NO4 (IIa), the products of an usual thermal C6-epimerization of 5-oxo-1,2,3,5,5a,6,7,9b-octa­hydro-7,9a-ep­oxy­pyrrolo­[2,1-a]iso­indole-6-carb­oxy­lic acid, represent the two different diastereomers and have very similar mol­ecular geometries. The mol­ecules of both compounds comprise a fused tetra­cyclic system containing four five-membered rings (pyrrolidine, pyrrolidinone, di­hydro­furan and tetra­hydro­furan), all of which adopt the usual envelope conformations. The dihedral angle between the basal planes of the pyrrolidine and pyrrolidinone rings are 14.3 (2) and 16.50 (11)°, respectively, for (Ia) and (IIa). The nitro­gen atom has a slightly pyramidalized geometry [bond-angle sum = 355.9 and 355.3°, for (Ia) and (IIa)], respectively. In the crystal of (Ia), mol­ecules form zigzag-like hydrogen-bonded chains along [010] through strong O—H⋯O hydrogen bonds and are further linked by weak C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds into complex two-tier layers parallel to (100). Unlike (Ia), the crystal of (IIa) contains centrosymmetric cyclic hydrogen-bonded dimers [graph set R 2 2(14)], formed through strong O—H⋯O hydrogen bonds and are further linked by weak C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds into ribbons extending across [101]. PMID:27746935

  12. 11-Methyl-12a-phenyl-9a,12a-dihydrophenanthro[9',10:5,6][1,4]dioxino[2,3-d]thiazole.

    PubMed

    Usman, Anwar; Razak, Ibrahim Abdul; Fun, Hoong Kun; Chantrapromma, Suchada; Zhang, Yan; Xu, Jian Hua

    2002-09-01

    In the title compound, C(24)H(17)NO(2)S, the dioxine and thiazoline rings are distorted from planarity towards a half-chair and an envelope conformation, respectively. The configurations of the dioxine ring, the thiazoline ring and the attached phenyl ring are conditioned by the sp(3) state of the two bridgehead C atoms. The phenanthrene system is nearly coplanar with the dioxine ring, while the attached phenyl ring is orthogonal to the thiazoline ring.

  13. 1.9-3.6  μm supercontinuum generation in a very short highly nonlinear germania fiber with a high mid-infrared power ratio.

    PubMed

    Yin, Ke; Zhang, Bin; Yao, Jinmei; Yang, Linyong; Liu, Guangchen; Hou, Jing

    2016-11-01

    In this Letter, a high-power supercontinuum (SC) laser source which spanned from 1.9 to 3.6 μm with an all-fiber configuration was reported. This SC laser was obtained by concatenating a thulium-doped fiber amplifier (TDFA) and a 12 cm long highly nonlinear germania fiber. A 1.9-2.7 μm SC laser from the TDFA was spectrally broadened continuously into the mid-infrared region (>3  μm) in the following germania fiber. When the repetition rate was 2 MHz, the obtained SC laser had a maximum output power of 6.12 W with an optical conversion efficiency of 15.3% with respect to the TDFA pump power. The SC laser had a spectral bandwidth of 1506 nm ranging from 1944 to 3450 nm at the -20  dB level. The SC power with wavelengths >3  μm was 2.9 W, corresponding to a high power ratio of 47.4% in the mid-infrared region. The achieved power ratio in the mid-infrared region, as well as the long wavelength cutoff, to the best of our knowledge, were the best results ever reported in germania fibers.

  14. Redox non-innocence of thioether crowns: elucidation of the electronic structure of the mononuclear Pd(III) complexes [Pd([9]aneS3)2]3+ and [Pd([18]aneS6)]3+.

    PubMed

    Stephen, Emma; Blake, Alexander J; Carter, Emma; Collison, David; Davies, E Stephen; Edge, Ruth; Lewis, William; Murphy, Damien M; Wilson, Claire; Gould, Robert O; Holder, Alan J; McMaster, Jonathan; Schröder, Martin

    2012-02-06

    The Pd(II) complexes [Pd([9]aneS(3))(2)](PF(6))(2)·2MeCN (1) ([9]aneS(3) = 1,4,7-trithiacyclononane) and [Pd([18]aneS(6))](PF(6))(2) (2) ([18]aneS(6) = 1,4,7,10,13,16-hexathiacyclooctadecane) can be oxidized electrochemically or chemically oxidized with 70% HClO(4) to [Pd([9]aneS(3))(2)](3+) and [Pd([18]aneS(6))](3+), respectively. These centers have been characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction, and by UV/vis and multifrequency electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopies. The single crystal X-ray structures of [Pd(III)([9]aneS(3))(2)](ClO(4))(6)·(H(3)O)(3)·(H(2)O)(4) (3) at 150 K and [Pd([18]aneS(6))](ClO(4))(6)·(H(5)O(2))(3) (4) at 90 K reveal distorted octahedral geometries with Pd-S distances of 2.3695(8), 2.3692(8), 2.5356(9) and 2.3490(6), 2.3454(5), 2.5474(6) Å, respectively, consistent with Jahn-Teller distortion at a low-spin d(7) Pd(III) center. The Pd(II) compound [Pd([9]aneS(3))(2)](PF(6))(2) shows a one-electron oxidation process in MeCN (0.2 M NBu(4)PF(6), 293 K) at E(1/2) = +0.57 V vs. Fc(+)/Fc assigned to a formal Pd(III)/Pd(II) couple. Multifrequency (Q-, X-, S-, and L-band) EPR spectroscopic analysis of [Pd([9]aneS(3))(2)](3+) and [Pd([18]aneS(6))](3+) gives g(iso) = 2.024, |A(iso(Pd))| = 18.9 × 10(-4) cm(-1); g(xx) = 2.046, g(yy) = 2.041, g(zz) = 2.004; |A(xx(Pd))| = 24 × 10(-4) cm(-1), |A(yy(Pd))| = 22 × 10(-4) cm(-1), |A(zz(Pd))| = 14 × 10(-4) cm(-1), |a(xx(H))| = 4 × 10(-4) cm(-1), |a(yy(H))| = 5 × 10(-4) cm(-1), |a(zz(H))| = 5.5 × 10(-4) cm(-1) for [Pd([9]aneS(3))(2)](3+), and g(iso) = 2.015, |A(iso(Pd))| = 18.8× 10(-4) cm(-1); g(xx) = 2.048 g(yy) = 2.036, g(zz) = 1.998; |a(xx(H))| = 5, |a(yy(H))| = 5, |a(zz(H))| = 6 × 10(-4) cm(-1); |A(xx(Pd))| = 23× 10(-4) cm(-1), |A(yy(Pd))| = 22 × 10(-4) cm(-1), |A(zz(Pd))| = 4 × 10(-4) cm(-1) for [Pd([18]aneS(6))](3+). Both [Pd([9]aneS(3))(2)](3+) and [Pd([18]aneS(6))](3+) exhibit five-line superhyperfine splitting in the g(zz) region in their frozen solution EPR

  15. 9 CFR 390.6 - Fee schedule.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fee schedule. 390.6 Section 390.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS FREEDOM OF INFORMATION AND PUBLIC INFORMATION § 390.6...

  16. 9 CFR 390.6 - Fee schedule.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fee schedule. 390.6 Section 390.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS FREEDOM OF INFORMATION AND PUBLIC INFORMATION § 390.6...

  17. 9 CFR 390.6 - Fee schedule.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fee schedule. 390.6 Section 390.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS FREEDOM OF INFORMATION AND PUBLIC INFORMATION § 390.6...

  18. 9 CFR 390.6 - Fee schedule.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fee schedule. 390.6 Section 390.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS FREEDOM OF INFORMATION AND PUBLIC INFORMATION § 390.6...

  19. 9 CFR 390.6 - Fee schedule.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fee schedule. 390.6 Section 390.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS FREEDOM OF INFORMATION AND PUBLIC INFORMATION § 390.6...

  20. 9 CFR 101.6 - Cell cultures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Cell cultures. 101.6 Section 101.6..., SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS DEFINITIONS § 101.6 Cell cultures. When used in conjunction with or in reference to cell cultures, which may be referred to as tissue...

  1. 9 CFR 101.6 - Cell cultures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Cell cultures. 101.6 Section 101.6..., SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS DEFINITIONS § 101.6 Cell cultures. When used in conjunction with or in reference to cell cultures, which may be referred to as tissue...

  2. 9 CFR 101.6 - Cell cultures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Cell cultures. 101.6 Section 101.6..., SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS DEFINITIONS § 101.6 Cell cultures. When used in conjunction with or in reference to cell cultures, which may be referred to as tissue...

  3. 9 CFR 101.6 - Cell cultures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Cell cultures. 101.6 Section 101.6..., SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS DEFINITIONS § 101.6 Cell cultures. When used in conjunction with or in reference to cell cultures, which may be referred to as tissue...

  4. 9 CFR 101.6 - Cell cultures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cell cultures. 101.6 Section 101.6..., SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS DEFINITIONS § 101.6 Cell cultures. When used in conjunction with or in reference to cell cultures, which may be referred to as tissue...

  5. 9 CFR 116.6 - Animal records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Animal records. 116.6 Section 116.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS RECORDS AND REPORTS § 116.6 Animal...

  6. 9 CFR 116.6 - Animal records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Animal records. 116.6 Section 116.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS RECORDS AND REPORTS § 116.6 Animal...

  7. 9 CFR 116.6 - Animal records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Animal records. 116.6 Section 116.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS RECORDS AND REPORTS § 116.6 Animal...

  8. 9 CFR 116.6 - Animal records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Animal records. 116.6 Section 116.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS RECORDS AND REPORTS § 116.6 Animal...

  9. 9 CFR 116.6 - Animal records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Animal records. 116.6 Section 116.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS RECORDS AND REPORTS § 116.6 Animal...

  10. Theoretical study of stereoselectivity of the [1 + 2] cycloaddition reaction between (1S,3R,8S)-2,2-dichloro-3,7,7,10-tetramethyltricyclo[6,4,0,0(1.3)]dodec-9-ene and dibromocarbene using density functional theory (DFT) B3LYP/6-31G*(d).

    PubMed

    Zeroual, Abdellah; Benharref, Ahmed; El Hajbi, Abdeslam

    2015-03-01

    In this work we used density functional theory (DFT) B3LYP/6-31G*(d) to study the stoichiometric reaction between the product (1S,3R,8S)-2,2-dichloro-3,7,7,10-tetramethyltricyclo[6,4,0,0(1.3)]dodec-9-ene (referred to here as P1) and dibromocarbene. We have shown that P1 behaves as a nucleophile, while dibromocarbene behaves as an electrophile; that the chemical potential of dibromocarbene is superior to that of P1 in absolute terms; and that P1 reacts with an equivalent quantity of dibromocarbene to produce two products: (1S,3R,8R,9S,11R)-10,10-dibromo-2,2-dichloro-3,7,7,11-tetramethyltetracyclo[6,5,0,0(1.3),0(9.11)] tridecane (referred to here as P2) and (1S,3R,8R,9R,11S)-10,10-dibromo-2,2-dichloro-3,7,7,11-tetramethyltetracyclo[6,5,0,0(1.3),0(9.11)] tridecane (referred to here as P3). P2 and P3 are formed at the α and β sides, respectively, of the C2 = C3 double bond of P1. This reaction is exothermic, stereoselective and chemospecific, and is controlled by charge transfer. Regioselectivity of the reaction was interpreted using the Lee-Yang-Parr functional.

  11. 9 CFR 3.9 - Feeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... STANDARDS Specifications for the Humane Handling, Care, Treatment, and Transportation of Dogs and Cats 1 Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.9 Feeding. (a) Dogs and cats must be fed at least once each day... condition. (b) Food receptacles must be used for dogs and cats, must be readily accessible to all dogs...

  12. 9 CFR 3.9 - Feeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... STANDARDS Specifications for the Humane Handling, Care, Treatment, and Transportation of Dogs and Cats 1 Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.9 Feeding. (a) Dogs and cats must be fed at least once each day... condition. (b) Food receptacles must be used for dogs and cats, must be readily accessible to all dogs...

  13. 9 CFR 3.9 - Feeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... STANDARDS Specifications for the Humane Handling, Care, Treatment, and Transportation of Dogs and Cats 1 Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.9 Feeding. (a) Dogs and cats must be fed at least once each day... condition. (b) Food receptacles must be used for dogs and cats, must be readily accessible to all dogs...

  14. 9 CFR 3.9 - Feeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... STANDARDS Specifications for the Humane Handling, Care, Treatment, and Transportation of Dogs and Cats 1 Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.9 Feeding. (a) Dogs and cats must be fed at least once each day... condition. (b) Food receptacles must be used for dogs and cats, must be readily accessible to all dogs...

  15. 9 CFR 3.9 - Feeding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... STANDARDS Specifications for the Humane Handling, Care, Treatment, and Transportation of Dogs and Cats 1 Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.9 Feeding. (a) Dogs and cats must be fed at least once each day... condition. (b) Food receptacles must be used for dogs and cats, must be readily accessible to all dogs...

  16. The involvement of RGS9 in l-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine-induced dyskinesias in unilateral 6-OHDA lesion rat model.

    PubMed

    Yin, Lin-Lin; Geng, Xing-Chao; Zhu, Xing-Zu

    2011-11-25

    Chronic dopamine (DA) replacement therapy with L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) in Parkinson's disease (PD) often leads to abnormal involuntary movements (AIMs) known as L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID), mediated by DA receptors. However, mechanisms underlying LID occurrence are still unclear. Regulator of G-protein signaling RGS9, a member of the RGS family of GTPase accelerating proteins, is expressed specifically in the striatum, has been reported participated in LID. L-DOPA-induced AIMs can be modeled in rats with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) lesions by chronic injection of L-DOPA. Herein, we compared the rotational responses and AIMs in 6-OHDA lesioned rats with L-DOPA/benserazide (10/2.5 mg/kg, once per day, i.p.) administration for 14 days whereas control animals received injections of saline. Furthermore, whether sub-chronic L-DOPA treatment impact RGS9 mRNA or protein expression in 6-OHDA lesion rats were also evaluated. As results shown, rotational behavior was not increased significantly, while an obvious AIMs were observed in rats with L-DOPA/benserazide (10/2.5mg/kg, i.p.) administration sub-chronically. In addition, expressions of RGS9 protein or mRNA analyzed by Western blot or real-time PCR with striatal extracts increased significantly after L-DOPA/benserazide. These data demonstrate that RGS9 expression can be modulated by sub-chronic L-DOPA/benserazide administration and increased RGS9 expression in striatum may be one of the reasons for the side effects such as dyskinesia induced by L-DOPA therapy.

  17. Correlations of CYP2C93/CYP2D6∗10/CYP3A5∗3 gene polymorphisms with efficacy of etanercept treatment for patients with ankylosing spondylitis

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Yuan-Yuan

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Background: The tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) inhibitor etanercept has been proven to be effective in the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis (AS), while genetic polymorphism may affect drug metabolism or drug receptor, resulting in interindividual variability in drug disposition and efficacy. The purpose of this study is to investigate the correlations between CYP2C93/CYP2D6∗10/CYP3A5∗3 gene polymorphisms and the efficacy of etanercept treatment for patients with AS. Methods: From March 2012 to June 2015, 312 AS patients (174 males and 138 females, mean age: 35.2 ± 5.83 years) from 18 to 56 years old were enrolled in this study. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism was applied to detect the allele and genotype frequencies of CYP2C93, CYP2D6∗10, and CYP3A5∗3 gene polymorphisms. The joint swelling score, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and C-reactive protein (CRP) level of AS patients were compared before and after 24-week etanercept treatment. Assessment in Ankylosing Spondylitis (ASAS) and bath ankylosing spondylitis disease activity index (BASDAI) scores were recorded to assess the efficacy of etanercept treatment. Results: The AS patients with wild-type ∗1/∗1 and heterozygous ∗1/∗3 genotypes of CYP2C93 polymorphism accounted for 93.59% and 6.41%, respectively, without ∗3/∗3 genotype. The AS patients with wild-type CC, heterozygous CT, and mutation homozygous TT genotypes of CYP2D6∗10 polymorphism accounted for 19.23%, 39.10%, and 41.67%, respectively. The AS patients with wild-type ∗1/∗1, heterozygous ∗1/∗3, and mutation homozygous ∗3/∗3 genotypes of CYP3A5∗3 polymorphism accounted for 7.69%, 36.22%, and 56.09%, respectively. After 24-week treatment, AS patients with wild-type ∗1/∗1 genotype of CYP2C93, CC genotype of CYP2D6∗10, and ∗3/∗3 genotype of CYP3A5∗3 polymorphisms had lower joint swelling score, ESR, and CRP level. The joint swelling

  18. Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of 1,9-diheteroarylnona-1,3,6,8-tetraen-5-ones as a new class of anti-prostate cancer agents.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Xiaojie; Wang, Rubing; Perez, German Ruiz; Chen, Guanglin; Zhang, Qiang; Zheng, Shilong; Wang, Guangdi; Chen, Qiao-Hong

    2016-10-01

    In search of more effective chemotherapeutics for the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer and inspired by curcumin analogues, twenty five (1E,3E,6E,8E)-1,9-diarylnona-1,3,6,8-tetraen-5-ones bearing two identical terminal heteroaromatic rings have been successfully synthesized through Wittig reaction followed by Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons reaction. Twenty-three of them are new compounds. The WST-1 cell proliferation assay was employed to assess their anti-proliferative effects toward both androgen-sensitive and androgen-insensitive human prostate cancer cell lines. Eighteen out of twenty-five synthesized compounds possess significantly improved potency as compared with curcumin. The optimal compound, 78, is 14- to 23-fold more potent than curcumin in inhibiting prostate cancer cell proliferation. It can be concluded from our data that 1,9-diarylnona-1,3,6,8-tetraen-5-one can serve as a new potential scaffold for the development of anti-prostate cancer agents and that pyridine-4-yls and quinolin-4-yl act as optimal heteroaromatic rings for the enhanced potency of this scaffold. Two of the most potent compounds, 68 and 75, effectively suppress PC-3 cell proliferation by activating cell apoptosis and by arresting cell cycle in the G0/G1 phase.

  19. Crystal structure of 9-(3-bromo-5-chloro-2-hydroxy­phen­yl)-10-(2-hy­droxy­eth­yl)-3,3,6,6-tetra­methyl-3,4,6,7,9,10-hexa­hydro­acridine-1,8(2H,5H)-dione

    PubMed Central

    Abdelhamid, Antar A.; Mohamed, Shaaban K.; Simpson, Jim

    2014-01-01

    The title compound C25H29BrClNO4, comprises a 3,3,6,6-tetra­methyl­tetra­hydro­acridine-1,8-dione ring system that carries a hy­droxy­ethyl substituent on the acridine N atom and a 3-bromo-5-chloro-2-hy­droxy­phenyl ring on the central methine C atom of the di­hydro­pyridine ring. The benzene ring is inclined to the acridine ring system at an angle of 89.84 (6)° and this conformation is stabilized by an intra­molecular O—H⋯O hydrogen bond between the hy­droxy substituent on the benzene ring and one of the carbonyl groups of the acridinedione unit. In the crystal, O—H⋯O, C—H⋯O and C—H⋯Br hydrogen bonds combine to stack mol­ecules in inter­connected columns propagating along the a-axis direction. PMID:25249850

  20. Work and Rest Patterns and Psychomotor Vigilance Performance of Crewmemebers of the USS Jason Dunham: A Comparison of the 3/9 and 6/6 Watchstanding Schedules

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-12-31

    Haynes, 2007; Mason , 2009). Specifically, Haynes (2007) found that crewmembers worked approximately 14 hours per day, with 85% of them exceeding the 81...model. Mason (2009) found that Senior Chief Petty Officers and Chief Petty Officers averaged 6.26 hours of sleep, while senior officers...2009; Haynes, 2007; Mason , 2009; Miller, Matsangas, & Kenney, 2012); however, we have also found that personnel spend a considerable amount of

  1. Analysis of the ν 8+ ν 9Band of HNO 3, Line Positions and Intensities, and Resonances Involving the v6= v7= 1 Dark State

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perrin, A.; Flaud, J.-M.; Keller, F.; Goldman, A.; Blatherwick, R. D.; Murcray, F. J.; Rinsland, C. P.

    1999-03-01

    Using a high-resolution (R= 0.0025 cm-1) Fourier transform spectrum of nitric acid recorded at room temperature in the 1100-1240 cm-1region, it has been possible to perform a more extended analysis of the ν8+ ν9band of HNO3centered at 1205.7075 cm-1. As in a recent analysis of this band [W. F. Wang, P. P. Ong, T. L. Tan, E. C. Looi, and H. H. Teo,J. Mol. Spectrosc.183, 407-413 (1997)], the Hamiltonian used for the line positions calculation takes into account, for the upper state, the ΔK= ±2 anharmonic resonance linking the rotational levels of thev8=v9= 1 "bright" vibrational state and those of the "dark"v6=v7= 1 vibrational state. More than 4800 lines were assigned in the ν8+ ν9band, which involve significantly higher rotational quantum numbers than in previous works. On the other hand, and surprisingly as compared to previous studies, the ν8+ ν9band appears to be a hybrid band. In fact, nonnegligibleB-type transitions could be clearly identified among the much strongerA-type lines. Accordingly, a set of individual line intensities were measured for lines of both types and were introduced in a least-squares fit to get theA- andB-type components of the transition moment operator. Finally, a synthetic spectrum of the 8.3-μm region of HNO3has been generated, using for the line positions and line intensities the Hamiltonian constants and the expansion of the transition moment operator which were determined in this work. In this way, theB-type and theA-type components of the ν8+ ν9band appear to contribute for about {1}/{4} and {3}/{4}, respectively, to the total band intensity.

  2. Poly[hexa-aqua-(μ9-cyclo-hexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexa-carboxyl-ato)trimanganese(II)].

    PubMed

    Sun, Weixuan; Zang, Hu; Quan, Chengshi

    2013-01-01

    The asymmetric unit of the title compound, [Mn3(C12H6O12)(H2O)6] n , comprises one Mn(II) ion, one third of a cyclo-hexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexa-carboxyl-ate anion and two aqua ligands. The anion is completed by application of a -3 axis. The Mn(II) ion is six-coordinated by six O atoms from two aqua ligands and three different cyclo-hexa-carboxyl-ate anions in an octa-hedral geometry. The six carboxyl-ate groups adopt a bridging bidentate mode to ligate the Mn(II) ions. Thus, each cyclo-hexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexa-carboxyl-ate anion adopts a μ9-connected mode, ligating nine different Mn(II) ions and forming a three-dimensional framework. In the framework, there are strong O-H⋯O hydrogen-bonding inter-actions, which further stabilize the crystal structure.

  3. 9 CFR 91.6 - Goats.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Goats. 91.6 Section 91.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE EXPORTATION AND IMPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND HANDLING OF LIVESTOCK...

  4. 9 CFR 91.6 - Goats.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Goats. 91.6 Section 91.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE EXPORTATION AND IMPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND HANDLING OF LIVESTOCK...

  5. 9 CFR 102.6 - Conditional licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Conditional licenses. 102.6 Section 102.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS LICENSES FOR...

  6. 9 CFR 102.6 - Conditional licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Conditional licenses. 102.6 Section 102.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS LICENSES FOR...

  7. 9 CFR 91.6 - Goats.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Goats. 91.6 Section 91.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE EXPORTATION AND IMPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND HANDLING OF LIVESTOCK...

  8. 9 CFR 392.6 - Public display.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Public display. 392.6 Section 392.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD SAFETY AND... be available for public inspection in the FSIS docket room and will be posted on the FSIS Web site...

  9. 9 CFR 392.6 - Public display.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Public display. 392.6 Section 392.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD SAFETY AND... be available for public inspection in the FSIS docket room and will be posted on the FSIS Web site...

  10. 9 CFR 392.6 - Public display.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Public display. 392.6 Section 392.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD SAFETY AND... be available for public inspection in the FSIS docket room and will be posted on the FSIS Web site...

  11. 9 CFR 392.6 - Public display.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Public display. 392.6 Section 392.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD SAFETY AND... be available for public inspection in the FSIS docket room and will be posted on the FSIS Web site...

  12. 9 CFR 392.6 - Public display.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Public display. 392.6 Section 392.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD SAFETY AND... be available for public inspection in the FSIS docket room and will be posted on the FSIS Web site...

  13. 9 CFR 83.6 - Testing requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Testing requirements. 83.6 Section 83.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS VIRAL HEMORRHAGIC...

  14. 9 CFR 83.6 - Testing requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Testing requirements. 83.6 Section 83.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS VIRAL HEMORRHAGIC...

  15. 9 CFR 83.6 - Testing requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Testing requirements. 83.6 Section 83.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS VIRAL HEMORRHAGIC...

  16. 9 CFR 83.6 - Testing requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Testing requirements. 83.6 Section 83.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS VIRAL HEMORRHAGIC...

  17. 9 CFR 83.6 - Testing requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Testing requirements. 83.6 Section 83.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS VIRAL HEMORRHAGIC...

  18. 9 CFR 102.6 - Conditional licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Conditional licenses. 102.6 Section 102.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS LICENSES FOR...

  19. 9 CFR 102.6 - Conditional licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Conditional licenses. 102.6 Section 102.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS LICENSES FOR...

  20. 9 CFR 102.6 - Conditional licenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Conditional licenses. 102.6 Section 102.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS LICENSES FOR...

  1. High level accumulation of gamma linolenic acid (C18:3Δ6.9,12 cis) in transgenic safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) seeds.

    PubMed

    Nykiforuk, Cory L; Shewmaker, Christine; Harry, Indra; Yurchenko, Olga P; Zhang, Mei; Reed, Catherine; Oinam, Gunamani S; Zaplachinski, Steve; Fidantsef, Ana; Boothe, Joseph G; Moloney, Maurice M

    2012-04-01

    Gamma linolenic acid (GLA; C18:3Δ6,9,12 cis), also known as γ-Linolenic acid, is an important essential fatty acid precursor for the synthesis of very long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and important pathways involved in human health. GLA is synthesized from linoleic acid (LA; C18:2Δ9,12 cis) by endoplasmic reticulum associated Δ6-desaturase activity. Currently sources of GLA are limited to a small number of plant species with poor agronomic properties, and therefore an economical and abundant commercial source of GLA in an existing crop is highly desirable. To this end, the seed oil of a high LA cultivated species of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) was modified by transformation with Δ6-desaturase from Saprolegnia diclina resulting in levels exceeding 70% (v/v) of GLA. Levels around 50% (v/v) of GLA in seed oil was achieved when Δ12-/Δ6-desaturases from Mortierella alpina was over-expressed in safflower cultivars with either a high LA or high oleic (OA; C18:1Δ9 cis) background. The differences in the overall levels of GLA suggest the accumulation of the novel fatty acid was not limited by a lack of incorporation into the triacylgylcerol backbone (>66% GLA achieved), or correlated with gene dosage (GLA levels independent of gene copy number), but rather reflected the differences in Δ6-desaturase activity from the two sources. To date, these represent the highest accumulation levels of a newly introduced fatty acid in a transgenic crop. Events from these studies have been propagated and recently received FDA approval for commercialization as Sonova™400.

  2. SARS-coronavirus open reading frame-9b suppresses innate immunity by targeting mitochondria and the MAVS/TRAF3/TRAF6 signalosome.

    PubMed

    Shi, Chong-Shan; Qi, Hai-Yan; Boularan, Cedric; Huang, Ning-Na; Abu-Asab, Mones; Shelhamer, James H; Kehrl, John H

    2014-09-15

    Coronaviruses (CoV) have recently emerged as potentially serious pathogens that can cause significant human morbidity and death. The severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-CoV was identified as the etiologic agent of the 2002-2003 international SARS outbreak. Yet, how SARS evades innate immune responses to cause human disease remains poorly understood. In this study, we show that a protein encoded by SARS-CoV designated as open reading frame-9b (ORF-9b) localizes to mitochondria and causes mitochondrial elongation by triggering ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of dynamin-like protein 1, a host protein involved in mitochondrial fission. Also, acting on mitochondria, ORF-9b targets the mitochondrial-associated adaptor molecule MAVS signalosome by usurping PCBP2 and the HECT domain E3 ligase AIP4 to trigger the degradation of MAVS, TRAF3, and TRAF 6. This severely limits host cell IFN responses. Reducing either PCBP2 or AIP4 expression substantially reversed the ORF-9b-mediated reduction of MAVS and the suppression of antiviral transcriptional responses. Finally, transient ORF-9b expression led to a strong induction of autophagy in cells. The induction of autophagy depended upon ATG5, a critical autophagy regulator, but the inhibition of MAVS signaling did not. These results indicate that SARS-CoV ORF-9b manipulates host cell mitochondria and mitochondrial function to help evade host innate immunity. This study has uncovered an important clue to the pathogenesis of SARS-CoV infection and illustrates the havoc that a small ORF can cause in cells.

  3. Volumetric Properties of the Mixture Cyclohexanone C6H10O + C9H12 1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene (VMSD1511, LB4832_V)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cibulka, I.; Fontaine, J.-C.; Sosnkowska-Kehiaian, K.; Kehiaian, H. V.

    This document is part of Subvolume A 'Binary Liquid Systems of Nonelectrolytes I' of Volume 26 'Heats of Mixing, Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium, and Volumetric Properties of Mixtures and Solutions' of Landolt-Börnstein Group IV 'Physical Chemistry'. It contains the Chapter 'Volumetric Properties of the Mixture Cyclohexanone C6H10O + C9H12 1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene (VMSD1511, LB4832_V)' providing data from direct measurement of low-pressure thermodynamic speed of sound at variable mole fraction and constant temperature, in the single-phase region(s).

  4. Volumetric Properties of the Mixture Cyclohexanone C6H10O + C9H12 1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene (VMSD1212, LB4827_V)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cibulka, I.; Fontaine, J.-C.; Sosnkowska-Kehiaian, K.; Kehiaian, H. V.

    This document is part of Subvolume A 'Binary Liquid Systems of Nonelectrolytes I' of Volume 26 'Heats of Mixing, Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium, and Volumetric Properties of Mixtures and Solutions' of Landolt-Börnstein Group IV 'Physical Chemistry'. It contains the Chapter 'Volumetric Properties of the Mixture Cyclohexanone C6H10O + C9H12 1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene (VMSD1212, LB4827_V)' providing data by calculation of molar excess volume from low-pressure density measurements at variable mole fraction and constant temperature.

  5. Volumetric Properties of the Mixture Cyclohexanone C6H10O + C9H12 1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene (VMSD1111, LB4822_V)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cibulka, I.; Fontaine, J.-C.; Sosnkowska-Kehiaian, K.; Kehiaian, H. V.

    This document is part of Subvolume A 'Binary Liquid Systems of Nonelectrolytes I' of Volume 26 'Heats of Mixing, Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium, and Volumetric Properties of Mixtures and Solutions' of Landolt-Börnstein Group IV 'Physical Chemistry'. It contains the Chapter 'Volumetric Properties of the Mixture Cyclohexanone C6H10O + C9H12 1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene (VMSD1111, LB4822_V)' providing data from direct low-pressure measurement of mass density at variable mole fraction and constant temperature, in the single-phase region(s).

  6. Molecular modelling, synthesis and acetylcholinesterase inhibition of ethyl 5-amino-2-methyl-6,7,8,9-tetrahydrobenzo[b][1,8]naphthyridine-3-carboxylate.

    PubMed

    Soriano, Elena; Samadi, Abdelouahid; Chioua, Mourad; de los Ríos, Cristóbal; Marco-Contelles, José

    2010-05-01

    In silico analysis of ethyl 5-amino-2-methyl-6,7,8,9-tetrahydrobenzo[b][1,8]naphthyridine-3-carboxylate (2) predicts that this molecule should be successfully docked in the PAS, and easily accommodated in the CAS of AChE. The synthesis and the AChE/BuChE inhibition studies are reported, confirming that compound 2 is a potent and selective AChE inhibitor, and consequently, a new lead compound for further development into new dual CAS/PAS cholinergic agents for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.

  7. Hexachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (HxCDD), mixture of 1,2,3,6,7,8-HxCDD and 1,2,3,7,8,9-HxCDD

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    Hexachlorodibenzo - p - dioxin ( HxCDD ) , mixture of 1,2,3,6,7,8 - HxCDD and 1,2,3,7,8,9 - HxCDD ; CASRN 57653 - 85 - 7 and 19408 - 74 - 3 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in

  8. H7N9 influenza viruses interact preferentially with α2,3-linked sialic acids and bind weakly to α2,6-linked sialic acids.

    PubMed

    Ramos, Irene; Krammer, Florian; Hai, Rong; Aguilera, Domingo; Bernal-Rubio, Dabeiba; Steel, John; García-Sastre, Adolfo; Fernandez-Sesma, Ana

    2013-11-01

    The recent human outbreak of H7N9 avian influenza A virus has caused worldwide concerns. Receptor binding specificity is critical for viral pathogenicity, and still not thoroughly studied for this emerging virus. Here, we evaluated the receptor specificity of the haemagglutinin (HA) of two human H7N9 isolates (A/Shanghai/1/13 and A/Anhui/1/13) through a solid-phase binding assay and a flow cytometry-based assay. In addition, we compared it with those from several HAs from human and avian influenza viruses. We observed that the HAs from the novel H7 isolates strongly interacted with α2,3-linked sialic acids. Importantly, they also showed low levels of binding to α2,6-linked sialic acids, but significantly higher than other avian H7s.

  9. Theoretical investigation of a novel high density cage compound 4,8,11,14,15-pentanitro-2,6,9,13-tetraoxa-4,8,11,14,15-pentaazaheptacyclo[5.5.1.1(3,11).1(5,9)] pentadecane.

    PubMed

    Lin, He; Zhu, Shun-guan; Zhang, Lin; Peng, Xin-hua; Chen, Peng-yuan; Li, Hong-zhen

    2013-03-01

    A novel polynitro cage compound 4,8,11,14,15-pentanitro-2,6,9,13-tetraoxa-4,8,11,14,15-pentaazaheptacyclo [5.5.1.1(3,11).1(5,9)]pentadecane(PNTOPAHP) has been designed and investigated at the DFT-B3LYP/6-31(d) level. Properties, such as electronic structure, IR spectrum, heat of formation, thermodynamic properties and crystal structure have been predicted. This compound is most likely to crystallize in C2/c space group, and the corresponding cell parameters are Z = 8, a = 29.78 Å, b = 6.42 Å, c = 32.69 Å, α = 90.00°, β = 151.05°, γ = 90.00° and ρ = 1.94 g/cm(3). In addition, the detonation velocity and pressure have also been calculated by the empirical Kamlet-Jacobs equation. As a result, the detonation velocity and pressure of this compound are 9.82 km/s, 44.67 GPa, respectively, a little higher than those of 4,10-dinitro-2,6,8,12-tetraoxa-4,10-diazaisowurtzitane(TEX, 9.28 km/s, 40.72 GPa). This compound has a comparable chemical stability to TEX, based on the N-NO(2) trigger bond length analysis. The bond dissociation energy ranges from 153.09 kJ mol(-1) to 186.04 kJ mol(-1), which indicates that this compound meets the thermal stability requirement as an exploitable HEDM.

  10. Synthesis of 2,3,6,7-tetramethoxyphenanthren-9-amine: An efficient precursor to access new 4-aza-2,3-dihydropyridophenanthrenes as apoptosis inducing agents.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Niggula Praveen; Sharma, Pankaj; Reddy, T Srinivasa; Nekkanti, Shalini; Shankaraiah, Nagula; Lalita, Guntuku; Sujanakumari, S; Bhargava, Suresh K; Naidu, V G M; Kamal, Ahmed

    2017-02-15

    A new route for the synthesis of novel 2,3,6,7-tetramethoxy phenanthrene amine precursor has been successfully accomplished. Subsequently, this amine precursor has been directly utilized for the synthesis of a new series of 4-aza-2,3-dihydropyridophenanthrene derivatives via a three component reaction with tetronic acid and substituted aldehydes. These compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic potential against human lung (A549), prostate (PC-3 and DU145), breast (MDA-MB-231 and 4T1), gastric (HGC-27), colon (Caco-2) and cervical (HeLa) cancer cell lines. Compound 10l showed significant anticancer profile against DU145 cell line with an IC50 value of 2.6 ± 0.34 μM. Disruption of F-actin cytoskeleton structure and cell migration inhibition in DU145 cells clearly indicate that the tumor progression and metastasis are affected by this compound (10l). Cell cycle analysis revealed that it arrests the cells in G2/M phase. Acridine orange/ethidium bromide (AO/EB) staining, Hoechst staining and annexin-V binding assays showed that cell proliferation is inhibited through induction of apoptosis. Moreover, its treatment leads to collapse of the mitochondrial membrane potential (DΨm).

  11. Westphalen's diol diacetate: 19(10→5)-abeo-5β-cholest-9-ene-3β,6β-diyl diacetate.

    PubMed

    Ramírez Hernández, Johana; Sandoval-Ramírez, Jesús; Meza-Reyes, Socorro; Vega Báez, José Luis; Bernès, Sylvain

    2012-12-01

    THE STRUCTURE OF THE TITLE STEROID [ALTERNATIVE NAME: 3β,6β-diacet-oxy-5β-methyl-19-norcholest-9(10)-ene], C31H50O4, confirms the generally accepted mechanism for the rearrangement of a cholestan-5α-ol derivative reported a century ago by Westphalen. The methyl group at position 10 of the starting material migrates to position 5 in the steroidal nucleus, while a Δ(9) bond is formed, as indicated by the C=C bond length of 1.347 (4) Å. The methyl transposition leaves the 5R configuration unchanged, with the methyl oriented towards the β face. During the rearrangement, the steroidal B ring experiences a conformational distortion from chair to envelope with the C atom at position 6 as the flap. In the title structure, the isopropyl group of the side chain is disordered over two positions, with occupancies of 0.733 (10) and 0.267 (10). The carbonyl O atom in the acetyl group at C3 is also disordered with an occupancy ratio of 0.62 (4):0.38 (4).

  12. Vibrational spectroscopy of the borate mineral tunellite SrB6O9(OH)2·3(H2O) - Implications for the molecular structure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Frost, Ray L.; López, Andrés; Scholz, Ricardo; Xi, Yunfei

    2014-02-01

    Tunellite is a strontium borate mineral with formula: SrB6O9(OH)2·3(H2O) and occurs as colorless crystals in the monoclinic pyramidal crystal system. An intense Raman band at 994 cm-1 was assigned to the BO stretching vibration of the B2O3 units. Raman bands at 1043, 1063, 1082 and 1113 cm-1 are attributed to the in-plane bending vibrations of trigonal boron. Sharp Raman bands observed at 464, 480, 523, 568 and 639 cm-1 are simply defined as trigonal and tetrahedral borate bending modes. The Raman spectrum clearly shows intense Raman bands at 3567 and 3614 cm-1, attributed to OH units. The molecular structure of a natural tunellite has been assessed by using vibrational spectroscopy.

  13. Synthesis and structural study of 4-(2-chlorophenyl)-2-ethoxy-5,6,7,8,9,10-hexahydrocycloocta[B]pyridine-3-carbonitrile

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fathima, K. Saiadali; Vasumathi, M.; Anitha, K.

    2016-05-01

    The novel organic material C20H21ClN2O was synthesized by One-Pot synthesis method and the single crystals were grown by slow evaporation solution growth technique. The crystal structure was elucidated by subjecting the grown crystals to the single crystal x-ray diffraction analysis and was refined by full matrix least-squares method to R=0.039 for 2746 reflections. Crystal system of the grown crystal was found to be monoclinic with the space group P21/a and a=9.196(4) Å, b=13.449(4) Å, c=14.818(4) Å, β= 101.542(3)°, V=1795.6(11) Å3 and Z=4. In this crystal structure, cyclooctanone prefers to reside in a chair-boat conformation. The structure is stabilized by attractive molecular force such as CH/π interaction called hydrophobic interaction.

  14. Synthesis, Crystal Structure, and Properties of Bi3 TeBO9 or Bi3 (TeO6 )(BO3 ): A Non-Centrosymmetric Borate-Tellurate(VI) of Bismuth.

    PubMed

    Daub, Michael; Krummer, Michael; Hoffmann, Anke; Bayarjargal, Lkhamsuren; Hillebrecht, Harald

    2017-01-26

    Pale-yellow single crystals of the new borate tellurate(VI) Bi3 TeBO9 were obtained by reaction of stoichiometric amounts of Bi2 O3 , B2 O3 , and Te(OH)6 at 780 °C. The non-centrosymmetric crystal structure (P63 , Z=2, a=8.7454(16), c=5.8911(11) Å, 738 refl., 43 param, R1=0.037, wR2=0.093) contains isolated trigonal-planar BO3 units and nearly undistorted TeO6 octahedra. The Bi(3+) cations are located in between in octahedral voids. The BiO6 octahedra are significantly distorted to a [3+3] pattern (2.25/2.50 Å) due to the ns(2) configuration. According to the structural features, the formula can be written as Bi3 (TeO6 )(BO3 ). Alternatively, the structure can also be described as hcp of oxygen with Te(VI) and Bi(III) in octahedral voids and B(III) in trigonal- planar voids. The vibrational spectra show the typical features of BO3 and TeO6 units with a significant (10) B/(11) B isotopic splitting of the IR-active B-O valence mode (1248 and 1282 cm(-1) ). The UV/Vis spectrum shows an optical band edge with an onset around 480 nm (2.6 eV). MAS-NMR spectra of (11) B show an anisotropic signal with a quadrupole coupling constant of CQ =2.55 MHz. and a very small deviation from rotational symmetry (η=0.2). The isotropic chemical shift is 20.1 ppm. The second harmonic generation (SHG) test was positive with an activity comparable to potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KDP). Bi3 TeBO9 decomposes in air at 825 °C to Bi2 TeO5 .

  15. Design and synthesis of 4-[3,5-dioxo-11-oxa-4,9-diazatricyclo[5.3.1.0(2,6)]undec-4-yl]-2-trifluoromethyl-benzonitriles as androgen receptor antagonists.

    PubMed

    Xiao, Hai-Yun; Balog, Aaron; Attar, Ricardo M; Fairfax, David; Fleming, Linda B; Holst, Christian L; Martin, Gregory S; Rossiter, Lana M; Chen, Jing; Cvjic, Mary-Ellen; Dell-John, Janet; Geng, Jieping; Gottardis, Marco M; Han, Wen-Ching; Nation, Andrew; Obermeier, Mary; Rizzo, Cheryl A; Schweizer, Liang; Spires, Thomas; Shan, Weifang; Gavai, Ashvinikumar; Salvati, Mark E; Vite, Gregory

    2010-08-01

    A novel series of 4-[3,5-dioxo-11-oxa-4,9-diazatricyclo[5.3.1.0(2,6)]undec-4-yl]-2-trifluoromethyl-benzonitriles has been synthesized. The ability of these compounds to act as antagonists of the androgen receptor was investigated and several were found to have potent activity in vitro and in vivo.

  16. Graphitic carbon nitride C{sub 6}N{sub 9}H{sub 3}.HCl: Characterisation by UV and near-IR FT Raman spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect

    McMillan, Paul F.; Lees, Victoria; Quirico, Eric; Sella, Andrea; Reynard, Bruno; Simon, Patrick; Bailey, Edward; Deifallah, Malek; Cora, Furio

    2009-10-15

    The graphitic layered compound C{sub 6}N{sub 9}H{sub 3}.HCl was prepared by reaction between melamine and cyanuric chloride under high pressure-high temperature conditions in a piston cylinder apparatus and characterised using SEM, powder X-ray diffraction, UV Raman and near-IR Fourier transform Raman spectroscopy with near-IR excitation. Theoretical calculations using density functional methods permitted evaluation of the mode of attachment of H atoms to nitrogen sites in the structure and a better understanding of the X-ray diffraction pattern. Broadening in the UV and near-IR FT Raman spectra indicate possible disordering of the void sites within the graphitic layers or it could be due to electron-phonon coupling effects. - Graphical abstract: The graphitic layered compound C{sub 6}N{sub 9}H{sub 3}.HCl was prepared by reaction between melamine and cyanuric chloride under high pressure-high temperature conditions in a piston cylinder apparatus and characterised using SEM, powder X-ray diffraction, UV Raman and near-IR Fourier transform Raman spectroscopy using near-IR excitation. Theoretical calculations using density functional methods permitted evaluation of the mode of attachment of H atoms to nitrogen sites around the C{sub 12}N{sub 12} voids within the layered structure and also led to better understanding of the X-ray diffraction pattern. Sharp peaks in the UV Raman spectra are due to C{sub 3}N{sub 3} triazine ring units in the structure, that may be enhanced by resonance Raman effects. Broadening in the UV and near-IR FT Raman spectra indicate possible disordering within the graphitic layers or electron-phonon coupling effects.

  17. Pharmacogenetics in American Indian Populations: Analysis of CYP2D6, CYP3A4, CYP3A5, and CYP2C9 in the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes

    PubMed Central

    Fohner, Alison; Muzquiz, LeeAnna I.; Austin, Melissa A.; Gaedigk, Andrea; Gordon, Adam; Thornton, Timothy; Rieder, Mark J.; Pershouse, Mark A.; Putnam, Elizabeth A.; Howlett, Kevin; Beatty, Patrick; Thummel, Kenneth E.; Woodahl, Erica L.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives Cytochrome P450 enzymes play a dominant role in drug elimination and variation in these genes is a major source of interindividual differences in drug response. Little is known, however, about pharmacogenetic variation in American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations. We have developed a partnership with the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes (CSKT) in northwestern Montana to address this knowledge gap. Methods We resequenced CYP2D6 in 187 CSKT subjects and CYP3A4, CYP3A5, and CYP2C9 in 94 CSKT subjects. Results We identified 67 variants in CYP2D6, 15 in CYP3A4, 10 in CYP3A5, and 41 in CYP2C9. The most common CYP2D6 alleles were CYP2D6*4 and *41 (20.86 and 11.23%, respectively). CYP2D6*3, *5, *6, *9, *10, *17, *28, *33, *35, *49, *1xN, *2xN, and *4xN frequencies were less than 2%. CYP3A5*3, CYP3A4*1G, and *1B were detected with frequencies of 92.47, 26.81, and 2.20%, respectively. Allelic variation in CYP2C9 was low: CYP2C9*2 (5.17%) and *3 (2.69%). In general, allele frequencies in CYP2D6, CYP2C9 and CYP3A5 were similar to those observed in European Americans. There was, however, a marked divergence in CYP3A4 for the CYP3A4*1G allele. We also observed low levels of linkage between CYP3A4*1G and CYP3A5*1 in the CSKT. The combination of nonfunctional CYP3A5*3 and putative reduced function CYP3A4*1G alleles may predict diminished clearance of CYP3A substrates. Conclusions These results highlight the importance of conducting pharmacogenomic research in AI/AN populations and demonstrate that extrapolation from other populations is not appropriate. This information could help to optimize drug therapy for the CSKT population. PMID:23778323

  18. DNA Sequence Modulates Geometrical Isomerism of the trans-8,9-Dihydro-8-(2,6-diamino-4-oxo-3,4-dihydropyrimid-5-yl-formamido)-9-hydroxy Aflatoxin B1 Adduct

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), a mycotoxin produced by Aspergillus flavus, is oxidized by cytochrome P450 enzymes to aflatoxin B1-8,9-epoxide, which alkylates DNA at N7-dG. Under basic conditions, this N7-dG adduct rearranges to yield the trans-8,9-dihydro-8-(2,6-diamino-4-oxo-3,4-dihydropyrimid-5-yl-formamido)-9-hydroxy aflatoxin B1 (AFB1–FAPY) adduct. The AFB1–FAPY adduct exhibits geometrical isomerism involving the formamide moiety. NMR analyses of duplex oligodeoxynucleotides containing the 5′-XA-3′, 5′-XC-3′, 5′-XT-3′, and 5′-XY-3′ sequences (X = AFB1–FAPY; Y = 7-deaza-dG) demonstrate that the equilibrium between E and Z isomers is controlled by major groove hydrogen bonding interactions. Structural analysis of the adduct in the 5′-XA-3′ sequence indicates the preference of the E isomer of the formamide group, attributed to formation of a hydrogen bond between the formyl oxygen and the N6 exocyclic amino group of the 3′-neighbor adenine. While the 5′-XA-3′ sequence exhibits the E isomer, the 5′-XC-3′ sequence exhibits a 7:3 E:Z ratio at equilibrium at 283 K. The E isomer is favored by a hydrogen bond between the formyl oxygen and the N4-dC exocyclic amino group of the 3′-neighbor cytosine. The 5′-XT-3′ and 5′-XY-3′ sequences cannot form such a hydrogen bond between the formyl oxygen and the 3′-neighbor T or Y, respectively, and in these sequence contexts the Z isomer is favored. Additional equilibria between α and β anomers and the potential to exhibit atropisomers about the C5–N5 bond do not depend upon sequence. In each of the four DNA sequences, the AFB1–FAPY adduct maintains the β deoxyribose configuration. Each of these four sequences feature the atropisomer of the AFB1 moiety that is intercalated above the 5′-face of the damaged guanine. This enforces the Ra axial conformation for the C5–N5 bond. PMID:25587868

  19. DNA Sequence Modulates Geometrical Isomerism of the trans-8,9- Dihydro-8-(2,6-diamino-4-oxo-3,4-dihydropyrimid-5-yl-formamido)- 9-hydroxy Aflatoxin B1 Adduct.

    PubMed

    Li, Liang; Brown, Kyle L; Ma, Ruidan; Stone, Michael P

    2015-02-16

    Aflatoxin B(1) (AFB(1)), a mycotoxin produced by Aspergillus flavus, is oxidized by cytochrome P450 enzymes to aflatoxin B(1)-8,9-epoxide, which alkylates DNA at N7-dG. Under basic conditions, this N7-dG adduct rearranges to yield the trans-8,9-dihydro-8-(2,6-diamino-4-oxo-3,4-dihydropyrimid-5-yl-formamido)-9-hydroxy aflatoxin B(1) (AFB(1)−FAPY) adduct. The AFB(1)−FAPY adduct exhibits geometrical isomerism involving the formamide moiety. NMR analyses of duplex oligodeoxynucleotides containing the 5′-XA-3′, 5′-XC-3′, 5′-XT-3′, and 5′-XY-3′ sequences (X = AFB(1)−FAPY; Y = 7-deaza-dG)demonstrate that the equilibrium between E and Z isomers is controlled by major groove hydrogen bonding interactions.Structural analysis of the adduct in the 5′-XA-3′ sequence indicates the preference of the E isomer of the formamide group,attributed to formation of a hydrogen bond between the formyl oxygen and the N(6) exocyclic amino group of the 3′-neighboradenine. While the 5′-XA-3′ sequence exhibits the E isomer, the 5′-XC-3′ sequence exhibits a 7:3 E:Z ratio at equilibrium at 283K. The E isomer is favored by a hydrogen bond between the formyl oxygen and the N(4)-dC exocyclic amino group of the 3′-neighbor cytosine. The 5′-XT-3′ and 5′-XY-3′ sequences cannot form such a hydrogen bond between the formyl oxygen and the 3′-neighbor T or Y, respectively, and in these sequence contexts the Z isomer is favored. Additional equilibria between α and β anomers and the potential to exhibit atropisomers about the C5−N(5) bond do not depend upon sequence. In each of the four DNA sequences, the AFB(1)−FAPY adduct maintains the β deoxyribose configuration. Each of these four sequences feature the atropisomer of the AFB(1) moiety that is intercalated above the 5′-face of the damaged guanine. This enforces the Ra axialc onformation for the C5−N(5) bond.

  20. Induction of thyroid tumors in (C57BL/6N x C3H/N)F1 mice by oral administration of 9-3',4',5',6'-tetrachloro-o-carboxy phenyl-6-hydroxy-2,4,5,7-tetraiodo-3-isoxanthone sodium (Food Red 105, rose bengal B)

    SciTech Connect

    Ito, A.; Watanabe, H.; Naito, M.; Aoyama, H.; Nakagawa, Y.; Fujimoto, N.

    1986-07-01

    The tumorigenicity of 9-3',4',5',6'-tetrachloro-o-carboxy phenyl-6-hydroxy-2,4,5,7-tetraiodo-3-isoxanthone sodium (CAS: 632-68-8) (also called Food Red 105 (FR 105) or Rose Bengal B), which is widely used for food or cosmetic coloring in Japan, was examined in (C57BL/6N X C3H/N)F1 mice. Animals were divided into 6 groups with 50 mice in each group, and they were given solutions of 0, 0.125, and 0.5% FR 105 in the drinking water starting at 6 weeks of age and ending at 101 weeks. The mean relative thyroid weights in both sexes of mice given 0.125 and 0.5% FR 105 were significantly increased compared to those of controls. Enlarged thyroid glands were composed exclusively of colloid goiters characterized by distended follicles lined with flattened follicular cells. The male mice given 0.5% FR 105 had follicular adenomas in the thyroid gland at an incidence of 22.9%, which was significantly higher than the incidence in controls (P less than .005). Radioactive 131I uptake in colloid goiters was markedly decreased compared to that in intact thyroid glands. The results indicate that FR 105 can induce colloid goiters and thyroid adenomas in a dose-dependent manner.

  1. RDamage 6, 7, 8 & 9 Cassettes

    SciTech Connect

    Griego, Jeffrey R; Kaul, Ann

    2012-06-08

    The RDamage series of ten experiments is part of a long-term collaboration with RFNC/VNIIEF in pulsed power technology. These experiments use a cylindrical configuration to study spallation damage, which allows for a natural recollection of the damaged material under proper driving conditions and post-shot collection of the damaged target material for subsequent metallographic analysis. Dynamic insitu experimental velocimetry diagnostics are also employed. LANL is responsible for the design of the experimental load and velocimetry system. VNIIEF is responsible for the design and construction of the driving explosive magnetic generator. In the RDamage-0, -1 and -2 experiments, data was collected about failure initiation of a well-characterized material (aluminum) in a cylindrical geometry. The RDamage-3, -4 and -5 experiments produced data on the behavior of material recollected after damage from pressures in the damage initiation regime. Data on the behavior of material recollected after complete failure was collected in the RDamage-6, -7, -8 and -9 experiments. This presentation shows the evolution of the load assembly through the experimental series.

  2. C-type lectin receptor dectin-3 mediates trehalose 6,6'-dimycolate (TDM)-induced Mincle expression through CARD9/Bcl10/MALT1-dependent nuclear factor (NF)-κB activation.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Xue-Qiang; Zhu, Le-Le; Chang, Qing; Jiang, Changying; You, Yun; Luo, Tianming; Jia, Xin-Ming; Lin, Xin

    2014-10-24

    Previous studies indicate that both Dectin-3 (also called MCL or Clec4d) and Mincle (also called Clec4e), two C-type lectin receptors, can recognize trehalose 6,6'-dimycolate (TDM), a cell wall component from mycobacteria, and induce potent innate immune responses. Interestingly, stimulation of Dectin-3 by TDM can also induce Mincle expression, which may enhance the host innate immune system to sense Mycobacterium infection. However, the mechanism by which Dectin-3 induces Mincle expression is not fully defined. Here, we show that TDM-induced Mincle expression is dependent on Dectin-3-mediated NF-κB, but not nuclear factor of activated T-cells (NFAT), activation, and Dectin-3 induces NF-κB activation through the CARD9-BCL10-MALT1 complex. We found that bone marrow-derived macrophages from Dectin-3-deficient mice were severely defective in the induction of Mincle expression in response to TDM stimulation. This defect is correlated with the failure of TDM-induced NF-κB activation in Dectin-3-deficient bone marrow-derived macrophages. Consistently, inhibition of NF-κB, but not NFAT, impaired TDM-induced Mincle expression, whereas NF-κB, but not NFAT, binds to the Mincle promoter. Dectin-3-mediated NF-κB activation is dependent on the CARD9-Bcl10-MALT1 complex. Finally, mice deficient for Dectin-3 or CARD9 produced much less proinflammatory cytokines and keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH)-specific antibodies after immunization with an adjuvant containing TDM. Overall, this study provides the mechanism by which Dectin-3 induces Mincle expression in response to Mycobacterium infection, which will have significant impact to improve adjuvant and design vaccine for antimicrobial infection.

  3. Effect of double annealing on the critical parameters of highly textured YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6.9}

    SciTech Connect

    Bobylev, I. B. Gerasimov, E. G.; Zyuzeva, N. A.

    2012-09-15

    The effect of low-temperature treatment (200 Degree-Sign C) and subsequent annealing at 930 Degree-Sign C on the critical parameters of highly textured YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6.9} is studied. The structural defects that are formed during the low-temperature decomposition of this compound into phases with different oxygen contents and during interaction with atmospheric moisture are shown to deteriorate the superconducting properties. After annealing at T = 930 Degree-Sign C and subsequent oxidation, superconductivity is restored and the formed defects are partly retained and serve as effective pinning centers, including the case of high magnetic fields. The stresses induced by the low-temperature treatment lead to primary recrystallization at T = 930 Degree-Sign C, which results in the disappearance of texture and an isotropic state of the material in high fields.

  4. Cytotoxicity on Allium cepa of the two main sulcotrione photoproducts, xanthene-1,9-dione-3,4-dihydro-6-methylsulphonyl and 2-chloro-4-mesylbenzoic acid.

    PubMed

    Goujon, Eric; Richard, Claire; Goupil, Pascale; Ledoigt, Gérard

    2015-10-01

    The cytotoxic effects of 2-chloro-4-mesylbenzoic acid (CMBA) and xanthene-1,9-dione-3,4-dihydro-6-methylsulphonyl (XDD), the two main photoproducts of sulcotrione, were investigated on Allium root meristematic cells at different concentrations. Degradation of sulcotrione was correlated to mitotic index decrease, together with increasing anomaly and c-mitosis frequencies. Mitotic index significantly decreased with increasing XDD and CMBA concentrations. Cell frequency with abnormal chromosomes increased with CMBA or XDD application rates. In contrast, CMBA induced a low micronucleus rate even for high concentrations while XDD increased the micronucleus ratio. C-mitoses, chromosomal aberrations due to an inactivation of the spindle, were enhanced by CMBA treatments but not by XDD. The photochemical degradation process of the pesticide can change the risk for the environment.

  5. 9-(4-Hy­droxy-3-meth­oxy­phen­yl)-3,3,6,6-tetra­methyl-3,4,5,6-tetra­hydro-9H-xanthene-1,8(2H,7H)-dione

    PubMed Central

    Hasanudin, Noorhafizah; Abdul Rahim, Aisyah Saad; Mohamed, Nornisah; Quah, Ching Kheng; Fun, Hoong-Kun

    2010-01-01

    In the title compound, C24H28O5, the two cyclo­hexene rings adopt envelope conformations, and the planes through the coplanar atoms makes dihedral angles of 82.86 (6) and 77.90 (6)° with the benzene ring. The two cyclo­hexene rings make a dihedral angle of 5.33 (6)° between their least-squares planes. The pyran ring adopts a flattened boat conformation. In the crystal packing, mol­ecules are linked into two-dimensional networks parallel to the ab plane via O—H⋯O and C—H⋯O inter­actions. PMID:21587786

  6. Construction of Metabolism Prediction Models for CYP450 3A4, 2D6, and 2C9 Based on Microsomal Metabolic Reaction System

    PubMed Central

    He, Shuai-Bing; Li, Man-Man; Zhang, Bai-Xia; Ye, Xiao-Tong; Du, Ran-Feng; Wang, Yun; Qiao, Yan-Jiang

    2016-01-01

    During the past decades, there have been continuous attempts in the prediction of metabolism mediated by cytochrome P450s (CYP450s) 3A4, 2D6, and 2C9. However, it has indeed remained a huge challenge to accurately predict the metabolism of xenobiotics mediated by these enzymes. To address this issue, microsomal metabolic reaction system (MMRS)—a novel concept, which integrates information about site of metabolism (SOM) and enzyme—was introduced. By incorporating the use of multiple feature selection (FS) techniques (ChiSquared (CHI), InfoGain (IG), GainRatio (GR), Relief) and hybrid classification procedures (Kstar, Bayes (BN), K-nearest neighbours (IBK), C4.5 decision tree (J48), RandomForest (RF), Support vector machines (SVM), AdaBoostM1, Bagging), metabolism prediction models were established based on metabolism data released by Sheridan et al. Four major biotransformations, including aliphatic C-hydroxylation, aromatic C-hydroxylation, N-dealkylation and O-dealkylation, were involved. For validation, the overall accuracies of all four biotransformations exceeded 0.95. For receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, each of these models gave a significant area under curve (AUC) value >0.98. In addition, an external test was performed based on dataset published previously. As a result, 87.7% of the potential SOMs were correctly identified by our four models. In summary, four MMRS-based models were established, which can be used to predict the metabolism mediated by CYP3A4, 2D6, and 2C9 with high accuracy. PMID:27735849

  7. Crystal structure of (9S,10S)-10-eth-oxy-9-hy-droxy-6,6,9-trimethyl-3-pentyl-7,8,9,10-tetra-hydro-6H-benzo[c]chromen-1-yl 4-methyl-benzene-sulfonate.

    PubMed

    Gul, Waseem; Galal, Ahmed; ElSohly, Mahmoud A; Carvalho, Paulo

    2015-12-01

    In the structure of the title compound, C30H40O6S, the cyclo-hexene and heterocyclic rings are linked by a double bond. The cyclo-hexene ring has a half-chair conformation (the methyl-ene group adjacent to the hy-droxy substituent lies above the remaining atoms) and the hy-droxy and eth-oxy groups have equatorial and bis-ectional dispositions, respectively. The heterocyclic ring has an envelope conformation (with the CMe2 C atom being the flap). The dihedral angle between the aromatic rings is 53.88 (10)°. A long intra-molecular C-H⋯S inter-action is noted. In the mol-ecular packing, hy-droxy-O-H⋯O(sulfonate) hydrogen bonds lead to a helical chain along [010]. Connections between chains are of the type methyl-C-H⋯O(sulfonate) and lead to supra-molecular layers that lie parallel to (001). The studied crystal was an inversion twin.

  8. Synthesis and acetylcholinesterase/butyrylcholinesterase inhibition activity of 4-amino-2, 3-diaryl-5, 6, 7, 8-tetrahydrofuro(and thieno)[2, 3-b]-quinolines, and 4-amino-5, 6, 7, 8, 9-pentahydro-2, 3-diphenylcyclohepta[e]furo(and thieno)-[2, 3-b]pyridines.

    PubMed

    Marco, José L; De Los Ríos, Cristóbal; Carreiras, María C; Baños, Josep E; Badia, Albert; Vivas, Nuria M

    2002-07-01

    The acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) inhibition activities of a series of 4-amino-2, 3-diaryl-5, 6, 7, 8-tetrahydrofuro[2, 3-b]quinolines (10-12)/4-amino-5, 6, 7, 8-tetrahydro-2, 3-diphenylthieno[2, 3-b]quinoline (14) and 4-amino-5, 6, 7, 8, 9-pentahydro-2, 3-diphenylcyclohepta[e]furo[2, 3-b]pyridine (13)/4-amino-5, 6, 7, 8, 9-pentahydro-2, 3-phenylcyclohepta[e]thieno[2, 3-b]pyridine (15) are described. These compounds are tacrine (THA) analogues which have been prepared either from readily available 2-amino-3-cyano-4, 5-diarylfurans (16-18) or from 2-amino-3-cyano-4, 5-diphenylthiophene (19), via Friedländer condensation with cyclohexanone or cycloheptanone. These compounds are competitive inhibitors for acetylcholinesterase, the more potent being compound (13) which is three-fold less active than tacrine. The butyrylcholinesterase inhibition activity is significant only in compounds 10 and133, which are ten-fold less active than tacrine. It is found that the products 11 and 12 strongly inhibit acetylcholinesterase, and show excellent selectivity regarding butyrylcholinesterase.

  9. Crystal structure of ethyl 2-[9-(5-bromo-2-hy-droxy-phen-yl)-1,8-dioxo-1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10-deca-hydro-acridin-10-yl]acetate.

    PubMed

    Mohamed, Shaaban K; Akkurt, Mehmet; Jasinski, Jerry P; Abdelhamid, Antar A; Tamam, Asmaa H; Albayati, Mustafa R

    2015-12-01

    In the title compound, C23H24BrNO5, the central 1,4-di-hydro-pyridine ring of the 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10-deca-hydro-acridine ring system adopts a half-chair conformation. The two cyclo-hexene rings fused to the central ring both have a twisted-boat conformation. The mean planes of the bromo-hydroxy-phenyl ring and the major and minor components of the disordered ethyl amino-acetate moiety make dihedral angles of 78.99 (12), 85.9 (2) and 88.3 (9)°, respectively, with the 1,4-di-hydro-pyridine ring. The terminal ethyl group of the ethyl amino-acetate moiety is disordered over two sets of sites with refined occupancies of 0.768 (17) and 0.232 (17). The mol-ecular conformation is stabilized by an intra-molecular O-H⋯O hydrogen bond, forming an S(8) ring motif. In the crystal, C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds connect the mol-ecules into layers parallel to (001), enclosing R 1 (2)(7) ring motifs.

  10. Omega 3/6 Fatty Acids for Reading in Children: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial in 9-Year-Old Mainstream Schoolchildren in Sweden

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Mats; Fransson, Gunnar; Östlund, Sven; Areskoug, Björn; Gillberg, Christopher

    2017-01-01

    Background: Previous research has shown positive effects of Omega 3/6 fatty acids in children with inattention and reading difficulties. We aimed to investigate if Omega 3/6 improved reading ability in mainstream schoolchildren. Methods: We performed a 3-month parallel, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial followed by 3-month active…

  11. In Vitro Inhibition of Human CYP450s 1A2, 2C9, 3A4/5, 2D6 and 2E1 by Grandisin.

    PubMed

    Habenschus, Maísa Daniela; Moreira, Fernanda de Lima; Lopes, Norberto Peporine; de Oliveira, Anderson R M

    2017-01-10

    Grandisin, a lignan isolated from many species of plants, such as Virola surinamensis, is a potential drug candidate due to its biological properties, highlighted by its antitumor and trypanocidal activities. In this study, the inhibitory effects of grandisin on the activities of human cytochrome P450 enzymes were investigated by using human liver microsomes. Results showed that grandisin is a competitive inhibitor of CYP2C9 and a competitive and mechanism-based inhibitor of CYP3A4/5. The apparent Ki value for CYP2C9 was 50.60 µM and those for CYP3A4/5 were 48.71 µM and 31.25 µM using two different probe substrates, nifedipine and midazolam, respectively. The apparent KI, kinact, and kinact/KI ratio for the mechanism-based inhibition of CYP3A4/5 were 6.40 µM, 0.037 min(-1), and 5.78 mL · min(-1) µmol(-1), respectively, by examining nifedipine oxidation, and 31.53 µM, 0.049 min(-1), and 1.55 mL · min(-1) µmol(-1), respectively, by examining midazolam 1'-hydroxylation. These apparent kinact/KI values were comparable to or even higher than those for several therapeutic drugs that act as mechanism-based inhibitors of CYP3A4/5. CYP1A2 and CYP2D6 activities, in turn, were not substantially inhibited by grandisin (IC50 > 200 µM and 100 µM, respectively). In contrast, from a concentration of 4 µM, grandisin significantly stimulated CYP2E1 activity. These results improve the prediction of grandisin-drug interactions, suggesting that the risk of interactions with drugs metabolized by CYP3A4/5 and CYP2E1 cannot be overlooked.

  12. 9 CFR 3.104 - Space requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5.5 Phoca larga Harbor Seal 1.70 1.50 5.6 4.9 Phoca vitulina Habor Seal 1.70 1.50 5.6 4.9 Zalophus californianus California Sea Lion 2.24 1.75 7.3 5.7 Halichoerus grypus** Grar Seal 2.30 1.95 7.5 6.4...

  13. Vibrational spectroscopic study of the copper silicate mineral ajoite (K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6·3H2O

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Frost, Ray L.; Xi, Yunfei

    2012-06-01

    Ajoite (K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6·3H2O is a mineral named after the Ajo district of Arizona. Raman and infrared spectroscopy were used to characterise the molecular structure of ajoite. The structure of the mineral shows disorder which is reflected in the difficulty of obtaining quality Raman spectra. The Raman spectrum is characterised by a broad spectral profile with a band at 1048 cm-1 assigned to the ν1 (A1g) symmetric stretching vibration. Strong bands at 962, 1015 and 1139 cm-1 are assigned to the ν3 SiO4 antisymmetric stretching vibrations. Multiple ν4 SiO4 vibrational modes indicate strong distortion of the SiO4 tetrahedra. Multiple AlO and CuO stretching bands are observed. Raman spectroscopy and confirmed by infrared spectroscopy clearly shows that hydroxyl units are involved in the ajoite structure. Based upon the infrared spectra, water is involved in the ajoite structure, probably as zeolitic water.

  14. DNA damage induced by 4,6,8,9-tetramethyl-2H-furo[2,3-h]quinolin-2-one, a new furocoumarin analog: photochemical mechanisms.

    PubMed

    Bordin, F; Baccichetti, F; Marzano, C; Carlassare, F; Miolo, G; Chilin, A; Guiotto, A

    2000-03-01

    Some photochemical and photobiological properties of 4,6,8,9-tetramethyl-2H-furo[2,3-h]quinolin-2-one (HFQ) were studied in comparison with its isomer 1,4,6,8-tetramethyl-2H-furo[2,3-h]quinolin-2-one (FQ) and 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP). The HFQ photobinds to DNA forming furan-side monoadducts (MAHFQ) that have molecular structure very similar to those of FQ (MAFQ). Unlike MA8-MOP and MAFQ, MAHFQ no longer photoreact. The HFQ, like FQ, produces moderate amounts of singlet oxygen but no superoxide anions. The HFQ and FQ induce numbers of DNA-protein cross-links (DPC), much more plentiful than those of 8-MOP (about two and seven times, respectively) but no interstrand cross-links. The mechanism of DPC formation was studied in vivo in mammalian cells by alkaline elution and in vitro using a new test mixing histones and DNA from calf thymus. The latter is a very useful technique for the double irradiation protocol. The DNA (or histones) are separately exposed to a first UVA dose in the presence of the sensitizer; then, after its unbound molecules have been removed, histones (or DNA) are added to assemble the chromatin-like complex that is irradiated again. According to in vitro and in vivo methods, DPC appear to be formed by FQ and 8-MOP by a biphotonic process that starts with monoadduct induction in DNA, followed by their conversion into DPC. In the resulting lesions, the sensitizer molecule forms a covalent bridge between the two macromolecules (DPC at length greater than zero). Instead, HFQ induces DPC by a monophotonic process; thus, HFQ is probably not a physical part of the bridge between DNA and proteins, which may be linked together directly, like DPC at zero length induced by UVC.

  15. DNA damage induced by 4,6,8,9-tetramethyl-2H-furo[2,3-h]quinolin-2-one, a new furocoumarin analog: biological consequences.

    PubMed

    Marzano, C; Baccichetti, F; Carlassare, F; Chilin, A; Lora, S; Bordin, F

    2000-03-01

    4,6,8,9-Tetramethyl-2H-furo[2,3-h]quinolin-2-one (HFQ) and its isomer FQ (1,4,6,8-tetramethyl-2H-furo[2,3-h]quinolin-2-one) showed very strong antiproliferative activity in mammalian cells, about two times greater than 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP). Both compounds induced DNA-protein cross-links (DPC) but not interstrand cross-links. The FQ generated DPC in a biphotonic process, yielding a new kind of diadduct, whereas HFQ induced DPC by a monophotonic one, probably without its physical participation in the covalent bridge. These lesions gave different toxic responses. Sensitization of FQ led to extensive DNA fragmentation and to a number of chromosomal aberrations. Conversely, HFQ seemed to be completely inactive and 8-MOP gave intermediate results. A strict relationship between DPC formation and induction of chromosomal aberrations was observed. The HFQ did not induce light skin erythemas, whereas FQ was more phototoxic than 8-MOP, thus suggesting that FQ lesions, DPC in particular, may be implicated in skin phototoxicity. Ehrlich ascites cells, a transplantable mouse tumor, inactivated by furoquinolinone sensitization and injected into healthy mice, protected them from a successive challenge by viable tumor cells. This response appeared to be based on an immune mechanism. Comparable amounts of base substitution revertants were scored when testing furoquinolinones and 8-MOP in bacteria but no DPC were detected. This suggests that classic mutagenesis tests on bacteria are insufficient to give adequate information on furocoumarin genotoxicity. Given its features, HFQ can be regarded as an interesting new agent for psoralen plus UVA photochemotherapy and photopheresis.

  16. 6 CFR Appendix A to Part 9 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to... LOBBYING Pt. 9, App. A Appendix A to Part 9—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts... Standard Form—LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with its instructions. (3)...

  17. Product rotational angular momentum polarization in the H+FCl(v=0-5, j=0, 3, 6, 9)→HF+Cl reaction.

    PubMed

    Wu, Victor Wei-Keh

    2011-05-28

    The product alignment and orientation of the title reaction on the ground potential energy surface of 1 (2)A' have been studied using the quasi-classical trajectory method. The calculations were carried out for case (a) at collision energies of 0.5-20 kcal mol(-1) with the initially rovibrational state of the reagent FCl molecule being at the v = 0 and j = 0 level to especially reveal in detail the dependence of the product integral cross section on collision energy. Further calculations at the collision energy of 15 kcal mol(-1) for case (b) at v = 0-5, and j = 0, and (c) at v = 0, and j = 3, 6, 9 initial states were carried out to reveal the effect of initially vibrational and rotational excitations on stereodynamics, respectively. Possessing final relative velocity k' (defined as a vector in the xz-plane), product alignment perpendicular to the reagent relative velocity vector k (defined as z- or parallel to the z-axis), for case (a) is found to be weaker at all collision energies, for case (b) is found to be vibrationally enhanced by the reactant molecule FCl, but for case (c), rather insensitive to initially rotational excitation. The rotational vector of product molecular orientation pointing to either negative or positive direction of the y-axis in the center of mass frame, e.g. origin of the coordinate system, is enhanced by collision energies regarding to 0.5-20 kcal mol(-1), while it becomes weaker at higher vibrational (v = 0-5) or rotational (j = 0, 3, 6, 9) excitation levels. Effects of collision energies and of rotational excitation at these collision energies, with 15 kcal mol(-1) as an example on the calculated PDDCSs are also shown and discussed. Detailed plots P(φ(r)) in the range of 0 ≤φ(r)≤ 360(o), and P(θ(r), φ(r)) in the ranges of 0 ≤θ(r)≤ 180° and 0 ≤φ(r)≤ 360° at collision energies 0.5-20 kcal mol(-1) have been presented. Overall, results of PDDCSs of the product alignment and product orientation at these collision

  18. Bis(9-amino­acridinium) bis­(pyridine-2,6-dicarboxyl­ato-κ3 O 2,N,O 6)nickelate(II) trihydrate

    PubMed Central

    Derikvand, Zohreh; Olmstead, Marilyn M.

    2010-01-01

    The title compound, (C13H11N2)2[Ni(C7H3NO4)2]·3H2O, consists of a mononuclear anionic complex, two 9-amino­acridinium cations and three uncoordinated water mol­ecules. Two pyridine-2,6-dicarboxyl­ate (pydc) ligands are bound to the NiII ion, giving an NiN2O4 bonded set. The coordination geometry around the NiII atom is distorted octa­hedral. There are two types of robust O—H⋯O hydrogen-bond synthons, namely R 6 6(24) and R 2 4(8), which link the complex anions and water mol­ecules to each other. N—H⋯O hydrogen bonds connect the stacks of anions and cations in the structure. Other inter­molecular inter­actions, including weak C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds, π–π [shortest centroid–centroid distance = 3.336 (7) Å] and C—O⋯π [O⋯centroid distance = 3.562 (10) Å] inter­actions, connect the various components. PMID:21579293

  19. Novel 3-Substituted 7-Phenylpyrrolo[3,2-f]quinolin-9(6H)-ones as Single Entities with Multitarget Antiproliferative Activity.

    PubMed

    Carta, Davide; Bortolozzi, Roberta; Hamel, Ernest; Basso, Giuseppe; Moro, Stefano; Viola, Giampietro; Ferlin, Maria Grazia

    2015-10-22

    A series of chemically modified 7-phenylpyrrolo[3,2-f]quinolinones was synthesized and evaluated as anticancer agents. Among them, the most cytotoxic (subnanomolar GI50 values) amidic derivative 5f was shown to act as an inhibitor of tubulin polymerization (IC50, 0.99 μM) by binding to the colchicine site with high affinity. Moreover, 5f induced cell cycle arrest in the G2/M phase of the cell cycle in a concentration dependent manner, followed by caspase-dependent apoptotic cell death. Compound 5f also showed lower toxicity in nontumoral cells, suggesting selectivity toward cancer cells. Additional experiments revealed that 5f inhibited the enzymatic activity of multiple kinases, including AURKA, FLT3, GSK3A, MAP3K, MEK, RSK2, RSK4, PLK4, ULK1, and JAK1. Computational studies showed that 5f can be properly accommodated in the colchicine binding site of tubulin as well as in the ATP binding clefts of all examined kinases. Our data indicate that the excellent antiproliferative profile of 5f may be derived from its interactions with multiple cellular targets.

  20. Thermodynamic properties of underdoped YBa2Cu3O6+x cuprates for doping values x ∈ (0 . 5 , 0 . 9)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salas, P.; Solis, M. A.; Fortes, M.

    We extend the Boson-Fermion superconductivity model to include layered systems, such as underdoped cuprate superconductors YBa2Cu3O6+x, with x ∈ (0 . 5 , 0 . 9) ranging from underdoped to optimally doped. We model cuprates as a boson-fermion quantum gas mixture immersed in a layered structure, generated via a Dirac comb potential applied in one direction while the particles move freely in the other two directions. The optimum parameters of the system, which are the impenetrability of the planes and the paired fermion fraction, are obtained by minimizing the Helmholtz free energy and setting the experimental critical temperature Tc. Using this optimized scheme, we are able to predict the following thermodynamic properties of cuprates as a function of temperature: the entropy; the Helmholtz free energy; the electronic specific heat and the total specific heat for different doping values. Furthermore, we determinate the behavior of the jump height in the electronic specific heat, the normal electronic specific heat coefficient γ (Tc) , the quadratic α and cubic β terms of the specific heat for low temperatures, the ground state energy and the mass anisotropy as a function of doping. Comparison to experimental values reported is analyzed. We aknowledge the support from Grants UNAM-DGAPA-PAPIIT IN-111613 and CONACYT 221030, Mexico.

  1. 3,4,5,6-tetramethylphenanthrene 9,10-oxide: a step on the way to the transition state for nucleophilic ring opening of arene oxides

    SciTech Connect

    Darnow, J.N.; Armstrong, R.N.

    1987-05-01

    Force field calculations (MM2) and studies of the parent hydrocarbons suggest that 3,4,5,6-tetramethylphenanthrene 9,10-oxide (TMPO) should exist as two kinetically stable enantiomers. Stereoelectronic considerations indicate that the axial chirality of each enantiomer should direct nucleophilic attack to the diastereotopic oxirane carbon that most closely approaches the geometry of the transition state. The two enantiomers of TMPO can be synthesized from the chiral hydrocarbons by direct oxidation. The half-life for racemization of TMPO is 30 min at 25/sup 0/C. The two enantiomers are found to be substrates for glutathione (GSH) transferase and epoxide hydrolase. Isozyme 4-4 of GSH transferase which normally catalyzes addition of GSH to oxirane carbons of R absolute configuration, catalyzes addition to the oxirane carbon of S configuration in the M-isomer of TMPO and of R configuration in the P-isomer. Analogous results are obtained with the epoxide hydrolase catalyzed addition of water. The results suggest that TMPO should be an interesting stereochemical probe of both spontaneous and enzyme catalyzed ring opening reactions of arene oxides.

  2. Coupled Nd-142, Nd-143 and Hf-176 Isotopic Data from 3.6-3.9 Ga Rocks: New Constraints on the Timing of Early Terrestrial Chemical Reservoirs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bennett, Vickie C.; Brandon, alan D.; Hiess, Joe; Nutman, Allen P.

    2007-01-01

    Increasingly precise data from a range of isotopic decay schemes, including now extinct parent isotopes, from samples of the Earth, Mars, Moon and meteorites are rapidly revising our views of early planetary differentiation. Recognising Nd-142 isotopic variations in terrestrial rocks (which can only arise from events occurring during the lifetime of now extinct Sm-146 [t(sub 1/2)=103 myr]) has been an on-going quest starting with Harper and Jacobsen. The significance of Nd-142 variations is that they unequivocally reflect early silicate differentiation processes operating in the first 500 myr of Earth history, the key time period between accretion and the beginning of the rock record. The recent establishment of the existence of Nd-142 variations in ancient Earth materials has opened a new range of questions including, how widespread is the evidence of early differentiation, how do Nd-142 compositions vary with time, rock type and geographic setting, and, combined with other types of isotopic and geochemical data, what can Nd-142 isotopic variations reveal about the timing and mechanisms of early terrestrial differentiation? To explore these questions we are determining high precision Nd-142, Nd-143 and Hf-176 isotopic compositions from the oldest well preserved (3.63- 3.87 Ga), rock suites from the extensive early Archean terranes of southwest Greenland and western Australia.

  3. 2,6-Dimethyl-9-methoxy-4H-pyrrolo[3,2,1-ij]quinolin-4-one, a new compound with unusual photosensitizing properties.

    PubMed

    Baccichetti, F; Carlassare, F; Marzano, C; Guiotto, A; Rodighiero, P; Chilin, A; Bordin, F

    1994-07-01

    Some photobiological properties of 2,6-dimethyl-9-methoxy-4H-pyrrolo[3,2,1-ij]quinolin-4-one (PQ) have been studied in comparison with 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP). In Ehrlich cells, PQ induced a moderate inhibition in DNA and RNA syntheses in the dark, which appeared to be more pronounced upon UVA irradiation. In contrast to 8-MOP, in the presence of UVA, PQ also affected protein synthesis. Likewise marked antiproliferative effects were also observed in the study of the clonal growth of CHO cells cultivated in vitro. Using alkaline elution and CHO cells, a moderate formation of single-strand breaks (SSBs) and of DNA-protein cross-links (DPCs) was observed by incubation in the dark; upon UVA irradiation the amount of both lesions increased greatly, whereas no inter-strand cross-links (ISCs) were formed. As expected, 8-MOP did not damage DNA in the dark, but induced SSBs, ISCs and DPCs in the presence of UVA. The induction of SSBs by both compounds seems to be directly related to a photochemical event rather than to incisions during DNA repair. As the induction of ISCs, and also the formation of DPCs by 8-MOP and UVA, appears to be based on a two-step reaction involving photo-bound 8-MOP-DNA moieties. In contrast, the formation of DPCs by PQ and UVA seems to involve photosensitization by free PQ molecules connected with SSB and DPC formation rather than with a DNA photo-binding activity. The PQ activity observed in the dark could probably be ascribed to a moderate inhibition of topoisomerases.

  4. Crystal structure, NMR study, dielectric relaxation and AC conductivity of a new compound [Cd3(SCN)2Br6(C2H9N2)2]n

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saidi, K.; Kamoun, S.; Ayedi, H. Ferid; Arous, M.

    2013-11-01

    The crystal structure, the 13C NMR spectroscopy and the complex impedance have been carried out on [Cd3(SCN)2Br6(C2H9N2)2]n. Crystal structure shows a 2D polymeric network built up of two crystallographically independent cadmium atoms with two different octahedral coordinations. This compound exhibits a phase transition at (T=355±2 K) which has been characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), X-rays powder diffraction, AC conductivity and dielectric measurements. Examination of 13C CP/MAS line shapes shows indirect spin-spin coupling (14N and 13C) with a dipolar coupling constant of 1339 Hz. The AC conductivity of this compound has been carried out in the temperature range 325-376 K and the frequency range from 10-2 Hz to 10 MHz. The impedance data were well fitted to two equivalent electrical circuits. The results of the modulus study reveal the presence of two distinct relaxation processes. One, at low frequency side, is thermally activated due to the ionic conduction of the crystal and the other, at higher frequency side, gradually disappears when temperature reaches 355 K which is attributed to the localized dipoles in the crystal. Moreover, the temperature dependence of DC-conductivity in both phases follows the Arrhenius law and the frequency dependence of σ(ω,T) follows Jonscher's universal law. The near values of activation energies obtained from the conductivity data and impedance confirm that the transport is through the ion hopping mechanism.

  5. Comparison of the metabolism of [1,2,6,7-3H(N)]cholesteryl oleate, cholesteryl [9,10-3H]oleate, and cholesteryl [1-14C]oleate labeled lipoproteins in the rat.

    PubMed

    Terpstra, A H

    1994-04-01

    The intravascular metabolism of sterol labeled [1,2,6,7-3H(N)]cholesteryl oleate and acyl labeled cholesteryl [9,10-3H]oleate and cholesteryl [1-14C]oleate was compared in the rat, an animal species without plasma cholesteryl ester transfer activity (CETA). In a first series of studies, the metabolism of sterol labeled [1,2,6,7-3H(N)]cholesteryl oleate and acyl labeled cholesteryl [1-14C]oleate was compared, and the two tracers had identical plasma clearance rates when incorporated into human low density lipoproteins (LDL). The 3H sterol labeled cholesteryl ester (CE), however, had a plasma clearance rate lower than the 14C acyl labeled CE when incorporated into rat alpha- and beta-migrating LDL and human or rat high density lipoproteins (HDL). Unesterified 3H cholesterol reappeared in the plasma whereas the 14C radioactivity in the plasma remained associated with the CE. In a second set of studies, LDL and HDL were radiolabeled with cholesteryl [9,10-3H]oleate and cholesteryl [1-14C]oleate. Large amounts of 3H radioactivity that were dialyzable and not associated with the lipoprotein CE reappeared in the plasma during the kinetic studies. The two tracers had identical plasma disappearance rates when the plasma samples were dialyzed. The results of these studies indicate that the nature of the tracer used to trace lipoprotein CE can affect the estimated kinetic parameters of plasma CE.

  6. Determination of atmospheric amines by on-fiber derivatization solid-phase microextraction with 2,3,4,5,6-pentafluorobenzyl chloroformate and 9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl chloride.

    PubMed

    Parshintsev, Jevgeni; Rönkkö, Tuukka; Helin, Aku; Hartonen, Kari; Riekkola, Marja-Liisa

    2015-01-09

    Alkylamines play an important role in atmospheric chemistry and are of concern for human health. Determining them from the vapor phase is challenging owing to their high polarity and volatility, water solubility, low concentrations, and poor chromatographic properties. We propose on-fiber derivatization solid-phase microextraction (SPME) to increase sensitivity and selectivity for the determination of alkylamines in air samples. SPME fibers coated in head-space with 2,3,4,5,6-pentafluorobenzyl chloroformate (PFBCF, 10min) or 9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl (FMOC) chloride (5min) were exposed to the sample for 5-120min, after which the derivatized alkylamines were thermally desorbed in the GC injection port and analyzed by GC-MS. The specific focus of the research was dimethylamine (DMA) but, as well as secondary amines, both coating agents readily react with primary and tertiary amines and with ammonia at ambient temperatures. The fiber coating procedures, sampling times, and analytical conditions were optimized, and methods were tested with natural samples. PFBCF was more selective and almost an order of magnitude more sensitive than FMOC chloride. Both reagents are applicable, however, depending on the requirements. With scan mode and use of molecular ion for quantification, the limit of quantification for DMA was 0.17μgL(-1) when derivatized with PFBCF and 3.4μgL(-1) when derivatized with FMOC chloride. When selected ion monitoring was used with the most abundant ion, the limit of quantification for DMA was 2.8ngL(-1). Intermediate reproducibility expressed as relative standard deviation was around 30% with PFBCF and less than 20% with FMOC chloride. Fibers coated with PFBCF could be used at least up to 24h when stored at 4°C and for 5 to 7h when stored at room temperature. After sampling/derivatization, storage time before analysis should not exceed 48h at 4°C or 24h at room temperature. At maximum, the PFBCF-coated fiber can be used in 100 coating

  7. Probes for narcotic receptor mediated phenomena 49. N-Substituted rac-cis-4a-arylalkyl-1,2,3,4,4a,9a-hexahydrobenzofuro[2,3-c]pyridin-6-ols

    PubMed Central

    Iyer, Malliga R.; Rothman, Richard B.; Dersch, Christina M.; Jacobson, Arthur E.; Rice, Kenner C.

    2015-01-01

    Racemic N-substituted -1,2,3,4,4a,9a-hexahydrobenzofuro[2,3-c]pyridin-6-ols containing cis-4aaralkyl groups were explored as probes for opioid receptors. Specifically cis-4a-phenylpropyl, -phenylbutyl, and- phenylpentyl groups coupled with widely varied substituents on the nitrogen atom were synthesized and their pharmacological profiles at opioid receptors examined. The study yielded compounds with good affinity and moderate to potent antagonist activity at the μ- and δ-opioid receptors, and agonist activity at the κ-opioid receptor. An N-allyl substituent in the C4a phenylpropyl series induced 6-fold higher affinity at δ- than μ-receptors, while an N-CPM substituent in the C4a (CH2)3Ph series led to a compound with high δ-affinity and potent δ-antagonist activity. PMID:25599950

  8. 6a-Nitro-6-phenyl-6,6a,6b,7,8,9,10,12a-octa­hydro­spiro­[chromeno[3,4-a]indol­izine-12,3′-indolin]-2′-one

    PubMed Central

    Devi, Seenivasan Karthiga; Srinivasan, Thothadri; Rao, Jonnalagadda Naga Siva; Raghunathan, Raghavachary; Velmurugan, Devadasan

    2013-01-01

    In the title compound, C28H25N3O4, the central pyrrolidine ring adopts adopts an envelope conformation with the N atom as the flap and the piperidine ring adopts a chair conformation. The pendant pyrrolidine ring is almost planar (r.m.s. deviation = 0.008 Å). An intra­molecular C—H⋯O inter­action closes an S(6) ring. In the crystal, inversion dimers linked by pairs of N—H⋯O hydrogen bonds generate R 2 2(8) loops. PMID:23795144

  9. 1,6-Dihydr­oxy-3-hydroxy­methyl-8-methoxy­anthracene-9,10-dione monohydrate

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Wen-Liang; Sun, Wei; Gu, Qian-Qun; Zhu, Wei-Ming

    2008-01-01

    The title compound, C16H12O6·H2O, isolated from the halotolerant fungus Aspergillus variecolor B-17, is also known as questinol monohydrate. In the crystal structure, O—H⋯O hydrogen bonds link the mol­ecules, forming a three-dimensional network. π–π stacking inter­actions consolidate the supra­molecular structure [the shortest inter­planar distances are 3.456 (3), 3.366 (4) and 3.382 (4) Å]. PMID:21200893

  10. Anticancer activity and cDNA microarray studies of a (RS)-1,2,3,5-tetrahydro-4,1-benzoxazepine-3-yl]-6-chloro-9H-purine, and an acyclic (RS)-O,N-acetalic 6-chloro-7H-purine.

    PubMed

    Caba, Octavio; Díaz-Gavilán, Mónica; Rodríguez-Serrano, Fernando; Boulaiz, Houria; Aránega, Antonia; Gallo, Miguel A; Marchal, Juan A; Campos, Joaquín M

    2011-09-01

    Completing a SAR study, a series of (RS)-6-substituted-7- or 9-(1,2,3,5-tetrahydro-4,1-benzoxazepine-3-yl)-7H or 9H-purines was previously prepared. The most potent antiproliferative agent against the MCF-7 adenocarcinoma cell line that belongs to the benzoxazepine O,N-acetalic family is (RS)-9-[1-(9H-fluorenyl-9-methoxycarbonyl)-1,2,3,5-tetrahydro-4,1-benzoxazepine-3-yl]-6-chloro-9H-purine (16, IC(50) = 0.67 ± 0.18 μM), whilst (RS)-7-{2-(N-hydroxymethylphenyl)-2-nitrobenzenesulfonamido]-1-methoxyethyl}-6-chloro-7H-purine (37) shows the lowest IC(50) value between the family of acyclic O,N-acetals (IC(50) = 3.25 ± 0.23 μM). Moreover, 16 showed the better in vitro Therapeutic Index in breast cell lines (3.19), whilst 37 was found to be 3.69-fold more active against HT-29 human colon cancer cell line than versus IEC-6 normal rat intestinal epithelial cell line. The global apoptotic cells caused by 16 and 37 against MCF-7 were 80.08% and 54.85% of cell population after 48 h, respectively. cDNA microarray technology reveals potential drug targets, which are mainly centred on positive apoptosis regulatory pathway genes, and the repression of genes involved in carcinogenesis, proliferation and tumour invasion.

  11. Characterization of the lipopolysaccharide from Pasteurella multocida Heddleston serovar 9: identification of a proposed bi-functional dTDP-3-acetamido-3,6-dideoxy-α-D-glucose biosynthesis enzyme.

    PubMed

    Harper, Marina; St Michael, Frank; Vinogradov, Evgeny; John, Marietta; Boyce, John D; Adler, Ben; Cox, Andrew D

    2012-03-01

    Pasteurella multocida strains are classified into 16 different lipopolysaccharide (LPS) serovars using the Heddleston serotyping scheme. Ongoing studies in our laboratories on the LPS aim to determine the core oligosaccharide (OS) structures expressed by each of the Heddleston type strains and identify the genes and transferases required for the biosynthesis of the serovar-specific OSs. In this study, we have determined the core OS of the LPS expressed by the Heddleston serovar 9 type strain, P2095. Structural information was established by a combination of monosaccharide and methylation analyses, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and mass spectrometry revealing the following structure: . The serovar 9 OS contains an inner core that is conserved among P. multocida strains with an elaborate outer core extension containing rhamnose (Rha), a D-glycero-D-manno isomer of heptose, and the unusual deoxyamino sugar, 3-acetamido-3,6-dideoxy-α-D-glucose (Qui3NAc). Genetic analyses of the LPS outer core biosynthesis locus revealed that in addition to the glycosyltransferases predicted to transfer the sugars to the nascent LPS molecule, the locus also contained the complete set of genes required for the biosynthesis of the nucleotide sugar donors dTDP-Rha and dTDP-Qui3NAc. One of the genes identified as part of the dTDP-Qui3NAc biosynthesis pathway, qdtD, encodes a proposed bi-functional enzyme with N-terminal amino acid identity to dTDP-4-oxo-6-deoxy-D-glucose-3,4-oxoisomerase and C-terminal amino acid identity to dTDP-3-oxo-6-deoxy-α-D-glucose transacetylase.

  12. Analysis of 133 meioses places the genes for nevoid basal cell carcinoma (gorlin) syndrome and fanconi anemia group C in a 2.6-cM interval and contributes to the fine map of 9q22.3

    SciTech Connect

    Farndon, P.A.; Hardy, C.; Kilpatrick, M.W.

    1994-09-15

    Four disease genes (NBCCS, ESS1, XPAC, FACC) map to 9q22.3-q31. A fine map of this region was produced by linkage and haplotype analysis using 12 DNA markers. The gene for nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS, Gorlin) has an important role in congenital malformations and carcinogenesis. Phase-known recombinants in a study of 133 meioses place NBCCS between (D9S12/D9S151) and D9S176. Haplotype analysis in a two-generation family suggests that NBCCS lies in a smaller interval of 2.6 cM centromeric to D9S287. These flanking markers will be useful clinically for gene tracking. Recombinants also map FACC (Fanconi anemia, group C) to the same region, between (D9S12/D9S151) and D9S287. The recombination rate between (D9S12/D9S151) and D9S53 in males is 8.3% and 13.2% in females, giving a sex-specific male:female ratio of 1:1.6 and a sex-averaged map distance of 10.4 cM. No double recombinants were detected, in agreement with the apparently complete level of interference predicted from the male chiasmata map. 19 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

  13. DFT studies on a high-energy density cage compound 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11-hexo(N(CH3)NO2)-2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12-hexaazatetracyclo[5, 5, 0, 0, 0] dodecane

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Xiao-Hong; Yong, Yong-Liang; Zhang, Xian-Zhou

    2014-04-01

    The infrared and Raman spectra, heat of formation (HOF) and thermodynamic properties were investigated by B3LYP/6-31G** method for a new designed polynitro cage compound 1,3,5,7,9,11-hexo(N(CH3)NO2)-2,4,6,8,10,12-hexaazatetracyclo[5,5,0,0,0]dodecane. The detonation velocity (D) and pressure (P) were predicted by the Kamlet-Jacobs equations based on the theoretical density and condensed HOF. The bond dissociation energies and bond orders for the weakest bonds were analysed to investigate the thermal stability of the title compound. The computational result shows that the detonation velocity and pressure of the title compound are superior to those of hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX), but inferior to those of 1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetraazacyclooctane (HMX) and hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane (HNIW). And the analysis of thermal stability shows that the first step of pyrolysis is the rupture of the N7-NO2 bond. The crystal structure obtained by molecular mechanics belongs to the P21 space group, with the lattice parameters Z = 2, a = 11.8246 Å, b = 10.4632 Å, c = 15.9713 Å, ρ = 1.98 g cm-3.

  14. (8aRS)-8,8a-Dihydro­furo[3,2-f]indolizine-6,9(4H,7H)-dione

    PubMed Central

    Vrábel, Viktor; Sivý, Július; Švorc, Łubomír; Šafář, Peter; Marchalín, Štefan

    2011-01-01

    The title compound, C10H9NO3, is a chiral mol­ecule with one stereogenic carbon atom, but which crystallizes as a racemate in the centrosymmetric space group P21/n. The central six-membered ring of the indolizine moiety adopts a definite envelope conformation, while the conformation of the oxopyrrolidine ring is close to that of a flat-envelope with a maximum deviation of 0.352 (1) Å for the flap atom. PMID:22091063

  15. 9-Furfuryl-idene-2,3-dimethyl-6,7,8,9-tetrahydro-4H--thieno[2',3':4,5]pyrimidino[1,2-a]pyridin-4-one.

    PubMed

    Bozorov, Khurshed A; Elmuradov, Burkhon Zh; Okmanov, Rasul Ya; Tashkhodjaev, Bakhodir; Shakhidoyatov, Khusnutdin M

    2010-02-06

    The title compound, C(17)H(16)N(2)O(2)S, was obtained by condensation of 2,3-dimethyl-thieno[2',3':4,5]pyrimidino[1,2-a]pyridin-4-one with furfural in the presence of sodium hydroxide. One of the methyl-ene groups of the tetra-hydro-pyrido ring is disordered over two positions in a 0.87 (1):0.13 (1) ratio. The thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-one unit and the furan ring are both planar (r.m.s. deviation = 0.535 Å), and coplanar with each other, forming a dihedral angle of 5.4 (1)°. Four weak inter-molecular hydrogen bonds (C-H⋯O and C-H⋯N) are observed in the structure, which join mol-ecules into a network parallel to (101).

  16. Vomifoliol 9-O-α-arabinofuranosyl (1→6)-β-D-glucopyranoside from the leaves of Diospyros Kaki stimulates the glucose uptake in HepG2 and 3T3-L1 cells.

    PubMed

    Wang, Lan; Xu, Ming Lu; Rasmussen, Søren K; Wang, Myeong-Hyeon

    2011-07-15

    A novel α-glucosidase inhibitor, vomifoliol 9-O-α-arabinofuranosyl (1→6)-β-D-glucopyranoside, was isolated for the first time from leaves of Diospyros Kaki and its bioactivity analyzed. This inhibitor exhibited strong anti-α-glucosidase activity with an IC50 value of 170.62nM and stimulated a dose-dependent increase in the uptake of a fluorescent d-glucose analog, 2-[N-(7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl)amino]-2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-NBDG), in HepG2 cells at a rate higher than that of insulin controls. It was also found to be associated with adipocyte differentiation and moderate increases in 2-NBDG uptake by 3T3-L1 cells. These findings suggest that vomifoliol 9-O-α-arabinofuranosyl (1→6)-β-D-glucopyranoside could augment peripheral glucose as an insulin-sensitizing agent against Type 2 diabetes mellitus.

  17. 48 CFR 9.406-3 - Procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... of the conduct or transaction(s) upon which it is based; (3) Of the cause(s) relied upon under 9.406... material facts; (5) Of the agency's procedures governing debarment decisionmaking; (6) Of the effect of the issuance of the notice of proposed debarment; and (7) Of the potential effect of an actual debarment....

  18. 36 CFR 6.9 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... groundwater, surface water, explosive gas and other pertinent natural resource monitoring; (6) Rights and... PCB Items, material registered by the Environmental Protection Agency as a pesticide, sludge from...

  19. 36 CFR 6.9 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... groundwater, surface water, explosive gas and other pertinent natural resource monitoring; (6) Rights and... PCB Items, material registered by the Environmental Protection Agency as a pesticide, sludge from...

  20. 36 CFR 6.9 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... groundwater, surface water, explosive gas and other pertinent natural resource monitoring; (6) Rights and... PCB Items, material registered by the Environmental Protection Agency as a pesticide, sludge from...

  1. 36 CFR 6.9 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... groundwater, surface water, explosive gas and other pertinent natural resource monitoring; (6) Rights and... PCB Items, material registered by the Environmental Protection Agency as a pesticide, sludge from...

  2. 36 CFR 6.9 - Permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... groundwater, surface water, explosive gas and other pertinent natural resource monitoring; (6) Rights and... PCB Items, material registered by the Environmental Protection Agency as a pesticide, sludge from...

  3. Crystal structure of methyl 2-(2H-1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-7,9-di-bromo-8-oxo-1-oxa-spiro-[4.5]deca-2,6,9-triene-3-car-boxyl-ate.

    PubMed

    Martins, Lucimara Julio; Simoni, Deborah de Alencar; Aparicio, Ricardo; Coelho, Fernando

    2014-12-01

    The title compound, C18H12Br2O6, was synthesized from Morita-Baylis-Hillman adducts. It incorporates the bromin-ated spiro-hexa-dienone moiety typically exhibited by compounds of this class that exhibit biological activity. Both the brominated cyclo-hexa-dienone and the central five-membered rings are nearly planar (r.m.s. deviations of 0.044 and 0.016 Å, respectively), being almost perpendicularly oriented [inter-planar angle = 89.47 (5)°]. With respect to the central five-membered ring, the brominated cyclo-hexa-dienone ring, the benzodioxol ring and the carboxyl-ate fragment make C-O-C-C, O-C-C-C and C-C-C-O dihedral angles of -122.11 (8), -27.20 (11) and -8.40 (12)°, respectively. An intra-molecular C-H⋯O hydrogen bond occurs. In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked by non-classical C-H⋯O and C-H⋯Br hydrogen bonds resulting in a molecular packing in which the brominated rings are in a head-to-head orientation, forming well marked planes parallel to the b axis.

  4. 9 CFR 91.6 - Goats.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... exported if it is a scrapie-positive animal or an exposed animal, as defined in 9 CFR parts 54 and 79, or... and 79; or if it is the progeny, parent, or sibling of any scrapie-positive animal. (4) Goats...

  5. Evidence of superoxide radical contribution to demineralization of sulfamethoxazole by visible-light-driven Bi2O3/Bi2O2CO3/Sr6Bi2O9 photocatalyst.

    PubMed

    Ding, Shiyuan; Niu, Junfeng; Bao, Yueping; Hu, Lijuan

    2013-11-15

    Photocatalytic degradation of sulfamethoxazole (SMX) was investigated using Bi2O3/Bi2O2CO3/Sr6Bi2O9 (BSO) photocatalyst under visible light (>420 nm) irradiation. The photochemical degradation of SMX followed pseudo-first-order kinetics. The reaction kinetics was determined as a function of initial SMX concentrations (5-20 mg L(-1)), initial pH (3-11) and BSO concentrations (6-600 mg L(-1)). Approximately, 90% of SMX (10 mg L(-1)) degradation and 36% of TOC reduction were achieved at pH 7.0 after 120 min irradiation. The main mineralization products, including NH4(+), NO3(-), SO4(2-) and CO2, as well as intermediates 3-amino-5-methylisoxazole (AMI), p-benzoquinone (BZQ), and sulfanilic acid (SNA) were detected in aqueous solution. The formation of O2(*-) radical was evidenced by using electron spin resonance and a chemiluminescent probe, luminal. A possible degradation mechanism involving excitation of BSO, followed by charge injection into the BSO conduction band and formation of reactive superoxide radical (O2(*-)) was proposed for the mineralization of SMX. During the reaction, the O2(*-) radical attacks the sulfone moiety and causes the cleavage of the SN bond, which leads to the formation of two sub-structure analogs, AMI and SNA.

  6. 9 CFR 351.6 - Official number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... CERTIFICATION CERTIFICATION OF TECHNICAL ANIMAL FATS FOR EXPORT Procedure for Obtaining Service: Administration of Program § 351.6 Official number. The Administrator will assign a certified technical animal fat... to identify all certified technical animal fat prepared or stored by the plant....

  7. 9 CFR 351.6 - Official number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... CERTIFICATION CERTIFICATION OF TECHNICAL ANIMAL FATS FOR EXPORT Procedure for Obtaining Service: Administration of Program § 351.6 Official number. The Administrator will assign a certified technical animal fat... to identify all certified technical animal fat prepared or stored by the plant....

  8. 9 CFR 351.6 - Official number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... CERTIFICATION CERTIFICATION OF TECHNICAL ANIMAL FATS FOR EXPORT Procedure for Obtaining Service: Administration of Program § 351.6 Official number. The Administrator will assign a certified technical animal fat... to identify all certified technical animal fat prepared or stored by the plant....

  9. 9 CFR 351.6 - Official number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... CERTIFICATION CERTIFICATION OF TECHNICAL ANIMAL FATS FOR EXPORT Procedure for Obtaining Service: Administration of Program § 351.6 Official number. The Administrator will assign a certified technical animal fat... to identify all certified technical animal fat prepared or stored by the plant....

  10. 9 CFR 351.6 - Official number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... CERTIFICATION CERTIFICATION OF TECHNICAL ANIMAL FATS FOR EXPORT Procedure for Obtaining Service: Administration of Program § 351.6 Official number. The Administrator will assign a certified technical animal fat... to identify all certified technical animal fat prepared or stored by the plant....

  11. Study of the formation of the apatite-type phases La9.33+x(SiO4)6O2+3x/2 synthesized from a lanthanum oxycarbonate La2O2CO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pons, A.; Jouin, J.; Béchade, E.; Julien, I.; Masson, O.; Geffroy, P. M.; Mayet, R.; Thomas, P.; Fukuda, K.; Kagomiya, I.

    2014-12-01

    Lanthanum silicated apatites with nominal composition La9.33+x(SiO4)6O2+3x/2 (-0.2 < x < 0.27) have been successfully synthesized by solid state reaction using a new reagent La2O2CO3 and amorphous SiO2 precursors. The formation mechanism of La2O2CO3 reagent, which cannot be purchased, has been followed by in-situ temperature depend XRD of La2O3 under CO2 atmosphere. The stability of this reagent during the synthesis step allowed to limit the formation of secondary phase La2Si2O7 and made the weighting of the reagent easier. High purity powders could be synthesized at the temperature of 1400 °C. Dense pellets (more than 98.5%) were obtained by isostatic pressing of powders calcined at 1200 °C and then sintered at 1550 °C. Traces of La2SiO5 secondary phase present in synthesized powder disappeared after densification and pure oxyapatite materials were obtained for all the compositions. Electrical measurements confirmed that conductivity behaviors of the sintered pellets were dependent to the oxygen over-stoichiometry. Indeed, a relatively high conductivity of 1 × 10-2 S cm-1 was exhibited at 800 °C for the nominal composition La9.60(SiO4)6O2.405 with low activation energy around 0.79 eV. The ionic conductivity properties were comparable with that of the earlier obtained materials.

  12. A novel five-way translocation, t(3;9;13;8;14)(q27;p13;q32;q24;q32), with concurrent MYC and BCL6 rearrangements in a primary bone marrow B-cell lymphoma.

    PubMed

    Yamamoto, Katsuya; Matsuoka, Hiroshi; Yakushijin, Kimikazu; Funakoshi, Yohei; Okamura, Atsuo; Hayashi, Yoshitake; Minami, Hironobu

    2011-09-01

    Chromosomal translocations involving MYC at 8q24 are found in Burkitt lymphoma (BL), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and B-cell lymphoma, unclassifiable, with features intermediate between DLBCL and BL (BCLU). Here, we describe a novel five-way translocation, t(3;9;13;8;14)(q27;p13;q32;q24;q32), involving MYC, BCL6, and the immunoglobulin heavy locus (IGH@) in a 73-year-old man with BCLU. The bone marrow was massively infiltrated with 95.6% abnormal medium- to large-sized lymphoid cells without vacuoles. Flow cytometric analyses indicated that the infiltrating cells were positive for CD10, CD19, CD20, CD25, HLA-DR, and κ chain. Immunohistochemistry revealed that they were also positive for BCL2 and CD10, and weakly positive for BCL6. The MIB1 index was approximately 99%. G-banding and spectral karyotyping demonstrated the presence of a t(3;9;13;8;14)(q27;p13;q32;q24;q32). Fluorescence in situ hybridization detected an IGH/MYC fusion signal on the der(14)t(8;14)(q24;q32). In addition, 5' and 3'BCL6 signals were separated onto the der(9)t(3;9)(q27;p13) and the der(3)t(3;14)(q27;q32), respectively. Unexpectedly, no BCL6 signal was found on the non-translocated chromosome 3. Finally, the revised karyotype was as follows: 49,XY,del(3)(q27q27),t(3;9;13;8;14)(q27;p13;q32;q24;q32), +der(6)t(6;13)(q13;q32)t(9;13)(p13;q32),+7,+12,i(18)(q10)[2]/50,sl,+7[2]/50,sl,+2[1]. These results suggest that this five-way translocation could bring about the deregulated expression of MYC on the der(14)t(8;14) and BCL6 on the der(3)t(3;14) by the IGH@ enhancer/promoter in a single event and may have contributed to the development of this BCLU.

  13. A redetermination of 2-(6-diethyl-amino-3-diethyl-iminio-3H-xanthen-9-yl)benzoate-ethyl gallate (1/1) at room temperature.

    PubMed

    Mizuguchi, Jin; Sato, Kazuyuki

    2009-03-06

    The title compound, C(28)H(30)N(2)O(3)·C(9)H(10)O(5), is a well known red leuco complex of 2-(6-diethyl-amino-3-diethyl-iminio-3H-xanthene-9-yl)benzoate (rhodamine B base abbreviated to RBB: leuco dye) with ethyl gallate (EG: developer). The structure of the complex at room temperature has recently been reported by Sekiguchi, Takayama, Gotanda & Sano [(2007) Chem. Lett. 36, 1010-1011]. The RBB-EG complex forms a dimer (RBB⋯EG⋯EG⋯RBB) through inter-molecular O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds. In a subsequent re-examination of the structure at room temperature, we found the RBB mol-ecule to be disordered with a methyl group of one ethyl substituent of a diethyl-amino group at one extremity of the xanthene unit disordered over two positions [occupancies: 0.735 (5)/0.265 (5)]. Furthermore, at the other end of the xanthene residue, the entire diethyl-amino substituent (i.e. the N atom and the associated C and H atoms) was also disordered over two sites with occupancies 0.653 (7)/0.347 (7). This leads to four kinds of RBB conformations, which, in turn, results in the formation of 16 discrete RBB⋯EG⋯EG⋯RBB dimers in the crystal.

  14. 41 CFR 51-6.9 - Correspondence and inquiries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true Correspondence and inquiries. 51-6.9 Section 51-6.9 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to... PROCEDURES § 51-6.9 Correspondence and inquiries. Routine contracting activity correspondence or...

  15. 41 CFR 51-6.9 - Correspondence and inquiries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Correspondence and inquiries. 51-6.9 Section 51-6.9 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to... PROCEDURES § 51-6.9 Correspondence and inquiries. Routine contracting activity correspondence or...

  16. 41 CFR 51-6.9 - Correspondence and inquiries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Correspondence and inquiries. 51-6.9 Section 51-6.9 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to... PROCEDURES § 51-6.9 Correspondence and inquiries. Routine contracting activity correspondence or...

  17. 41 CFR 51-6.9 - Correspondence and inquiries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2012-07-01 2009-07-01 true Correspondence and inquiries. 51-6.9 Section 51-6.9 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to... PROCEDURES § 51-6.9 Correspondence and inquiries. Routine contracting activity correspondence or...

  18. 47 CFR 6.9 - Information pass through.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Information pass through. 6.9 Section 6.9... Entities Do? § 6.9 Information pass through. Telecommunications equipment and customer premises equipment shall pass through cross-manufacturer, non-proprietary, industry-standard codes, translation...

  19. 31 CFR 6.9 - Net worth exhibit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Net worth exhibit. 6.9 Section 6.9... EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACT Information Required From Applicants § 6.9 Net worth exhibit. (a) Each... application a detailed exhibit showing the net worth of the applicant and any affiliates (as defined in §...

  20. 31 CFR 6.9 - Net worth exhibit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Net worth exhibit. 6.9 Section 6.9... EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACT Information Required From Applicants § 6.9 Net worth exhibit. (a) Each... application a detailed exhibit showing the net worth of the applicant and any affiliates (as defined in §...

  1. 31 CFR 6.9 - Net worth exhibit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Net worth exhibit. 6.9 Section 6.9... EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACT Information Required From Applicants § 6.9 Net worth exhibit. (a) Each... application a detailed exhibit showing the net worth of the applicant and any affiliates (as defined in §...

  2. 31 CFR 6.9 - Net worth exhibit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Net worth exhibit. 6.9 Section 6.9... EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACT Information Required From Applicants § 6.9 Net worth exhibit. (a) Each... application a detailed exhibit showing the net worth of the applicant and any affiliates (as defined in §...

  3. 31 CFR 6.9 - Net worth exhibit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Net worth exhibit. 6.9 Section 6.9... EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACT Information Required From Applicants § 6.9 Net worth exhibit. (a) Each... application a detailed exhibit showing the net worth of the applicant and any affiliates (as defined in §...

  4. Complex evolutionary patterns of two rare human G3P[9] rotavirus strains possessing a feline/canine-like H6 genotype on an AU-1-like genotype constellation.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yuan-Hong; Pang, Bei-Bei; Zhou, Xuan; Ghosh, Souvik; Tang, Wei-Feng; Peng, Jin-Song; Hu, Quan; Zhou, Dun-Jin; Kobayashi, Nobumichi

    2013-06-01

    The group A rotavirus (RVA) G3P[9] is a rare VP7-VP4 genotype combination, detected occasionally in humans and cats. Other than the prototype G3P[9] strain, RVA/Human- tc/JPN/AU-l/1982/G3P3[9], the whole genomes of only two human G3P[9] RVA strains and two feline G3P[9] RVA strains have been analyzed so far, revealing complex evolutionary patterns, distinct from that of AU-1. We report here the whole genomic analyses of two human G3P[9] RVA strains, RVA/Human-tc/CHN/L621/2006/G3P[9] and RVA/Human-wt/CHN/E2451/2011/G3P[9], detected in patients with diarrhea in China. Strains L621 and E2451 possessed a H6 NSP5 genotype on an AU-1-like genotype constellation, not reported previously. However, not all the genes of L621 and E2451 were closely related to those of AU-1, or to each other, revealing different evolutionary patterns among the AU-1-like RVAs. The VP7, VP4, VP6 and NSP4 genes of E2451 and L621 were found to cluster together with human G3P[9] RVA strains believed to be of possible feline/canine origin, and feline or raccoon dog RVA strains. The VP1, VP3, NSP2 and NSP5 genes of E2451 and L621 formed distinct clusters in genotypes typically found in feline/canine RVA strains or RVA strains from other host species which are believed to be of feline/canine RVA origin. The VP2 genes of E2451 and L621, and NSP3 gene of L621 clustered among RVA strains from different host species which are believed to have a complete or partial feline/canine RVA origin. The NSP1 genes of E2451 and L621, and NSP3 gene of E2451 clustered with AU-1 and several other strains possessing a complete or partial feline RVA strain BA222-05-like genotype constellation. Taken together, these observations suggest that nearly all the eleven gene segments of G3P[9] RVA strains L621 and E2451 might have originated from feline/canine RVAs, and that reassortments may have occurred among these feline/canine RVA strains, before being transmitted to humans.

  5. A σ(1) receptor pharmacophore derived from a series of N-substituted 4-azahexacyclo[5.4.1.0(2,6).0(3,10).0(5,9).0(8,11)]dodecan-3-ols (AHDs).

    PubMed

    Banister, Samuel D; Manoli, Miral; Doddareddy, Munikumar Reddy; Hibbs, David E; Kassiou, Michael

    2012-10-01

    A library of N-substituted 4-azahexacyclo[5.4.1.0(2,6).0(3,10).0(5,9).0(8,11)]dodecan-3-ols (AHDs) was synthesized and subjected to competition binding assays at σ(1) and σ(2) receptors, as well as off-target screening of representative members at 44 other common central nervous system (CNS) receptors, transporters, and ion channels. Excluding 3 low affinity analogs, 31 ligands demonstrated nanomolar K(i) values for either σ receptor subtype. Several selective σ(1) and σ(2) ligands were discovered, with selectivities of up to 29.6 times for σ(1) and 52.4 times for σ(2), as well as several high affinity, subtype non-selective ligands. The diversity of structures and σ(1) affinities of the ligands allowed the generation of a σ(1) receptor pharmacophore that will enable the rational design of increasingly selective and potent σ(1) ligands for probing σ(1) receptor function.

  6. Bifunctional Organo/Metal Cooperatively Catalyzed [3 + 2] Annulation of para-Quinone Methides with Vinylcyclopropanes: Approach to Spiro[4.5]deca-6,9-diene-8-ones.

    PubMed

    Yuan, Zhenbo; Wei, Weiwei; Lin, Aijun; Yao, Hequan

    2016-07-15

    A novel [3 + 2] annulation between para-quinone methides and vinylcyclopropanes for the synthesis of spiro[4.5]deca-6,9-diene-8-ones has been described. The palladium and phosphine-thiourea cooperative catalysis system played an important role in high yields and diastereoselectivities. The reaction exhibited good functional group tolerance and scalability.

  7. Photoredox-Catalyzed Intramolecular Difluoromethylation of N-Benzylacrylamides Coupled with a Dearomatizing Spirocyclization: Access to CF2H-Containing 2-Azaspiro[4.5]deca-6,9-diene-3,8-diones.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Zuxiao; Tang, Xiao-Jun; Dolbier, William R

    2016-03-04

    A visible light-mediated difluoromethylation of N-benzylacrylamides with HCF2SO2Cl as the HCF2 radical precursor is described. The reaction incorporates a tandem cyclization/dearomatization process to afford various difluoromethylated 2-azaspiro[4.5]deca-6,9-diene-3,8-diones bearing adjacent quaternary stereocenters under mild conditions in moderate to excellent yields.

  8. 9 CFR 91.6 - Goats.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...) Tuberculosis. All goats over 1 month of age shall be negative to a caudal intradermal tuberculin test using 0.1...), (a)(3), and (a)(5) of this section. (ii) Tuberculosis testing is not required for goats over 1 month... tuberculosis as described in paragraph (a)(1) of this section. (iii) Brucellosis testing is not required...

  9. Probes for narcotic receptor mediated phenomena. 47.1 Novel C4a- and N-substituted-1,2,3,4,4a,9a-hexahydrobenzofuro[2,3-c] pyridin-6-ols

    PubMed Central

    Iyer, Malliga R.; Rothman, Richard B.; Dersch, Christina M.; Jacobson, Arthur E.; Rice, Kenner C.

    2013-01-01

    A series of N-methyl rac-cis-4a-aralkyl- and alkyl-substituted-1,2,3,4,4a,9a-hexahydrobenzofuro[2,3-c]pyridin-6-ols have been prepared (2a–l) using a simple previously designed synthetic route, in order to find a ligand that would interact with both μ- and δ-opioid receptors. A C4a-phenethyl derivative 2a, was found to have modest receptor affinity both at μ- (Ki = 60 nM) and δ-opioid receptors (Ki = 64 nM). The N-methyl substituent of 2a and that of other ligands in the series was then modified to obtain compounds with different N-substituents that might provide higher affinity at both receptors. A number of compounds differently substituted at C4a and N were synthesized and evaluated. Binding studies and functional assays revealed a moderately selective δ-antagonist (2l), selective μ–δ antagonists (3d, 3g), and a μ–κ antagonist (3f). PMID:23618710

  10. Crystal structure of rac-(3aR,4S,5aR,6S,9R,10aS,10bR)-3a,5a,9-tri-methyl-tetra-deca-hydro-6,9-ep-oxy-cyclo-hepta-[e]inden-4-ol monohydrate.

    PubMed

    Schäfer, Andreas; Golz, Christopher; Preut, Hans; Strohmann, Carsten; Hiersemann, Martin

    2015-09-01

    The title hydrate, C17H28O2·H2O, was synthesized in order to determine the relative configuration of the tetra-cyclic framework. The fused 5,6,7-tricarbocyclic core exhibits an entire cis-annulation, featuring a 1,4-cis-relation of the angular methyl groups in the six-membered ring. The oxa bridge of the ep-oxy-cyclo-heptane moiety is oriented towards the concave face of the boat-shaped mol-ecule, whereas the angular methyl groups are directed towards the convex face. The asymmetric unit of the crystal contains two nearly identical formula units, which are related via a pseudo-centre of symmetry. The structure could be solved in the space groups I-4 and I41/a. The refinement in the acentric space group, however, gave significantly better results and these are used in this paper. O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds are observed between the organic mol-ecules, between the organic mol-ecules and the water mol-ecules, and between the water mol-ecules, forming a chain along the c-axis direction.

  11. Crystal structure of rac-(3aR,4S,5aR,6S,9R,10aS,10bR)-3a,5a,9-tri­methyl­tetra­deca­hydro-6,9-ep­oxy­cyclo­hepta­[e]inden-4-ol monohydrate

    PubMed Central

    Schäfer, Andreas; Golz, Christopher; Preut, Hans; Strohmann, Carsten; Hiersemann, Martin

    2015-01-01

    The title hydrate, C17H28O2·H2O, was synthesized in order to determine the relative configuration of the tetra­cyclic framework. The fused 5,6,7-tricarbocyclic core exhibits an entire cis-annulation, featuring a 1,4-cis-relation of the angular methyl groups in the six-membered ring. The oxa bridge of the ep­oxy­cyclo­heptane moiety is oriented towards the concave face of the boat-shaped mol­ecule, whereas the angular methyl groups are directed towards the convex face. The asymmetric unit of the crystal contains two nearly identical formula units, which are related via a pseudo-centre of symmetry. The structure could be solved in the space groups I-4 and I41/a. The refinement in the acentric space group, however, gave significantly better results and these are used in this paper. O—H⋯O hydrogen bonds are observed between the organic mol­ecules, between the organic mol­ecules and the water mol­ecules, and between the water mol­ecules, forming a chain along the c-axis direction. PMID:26396907

  12. Crystal structure of (E)-9-({[4-(di-ethyl-amino)-phen-yl]imino}-meth-yl)-2,3,6,7-tetra-hydro-1H,5H-pyrido[3,2,1-ij]quinolin-8-ol.

    PubMed

    Faizi, Md Serajul Haque; Ahmad, Musheer; Kapshuk, Anatoly A; Golenya, Irina A

    2017-01-01

    The title compound, C23H29N3O, was synthesized from the condensation reaction of 8-hy-droxy-julolidine-9-carbaldehyde and N,N-diethyl-p-phenyl-enedi-amine. The hy-droxy group forms a intra-molecular hydrogen bond to the imine N atom and generates an S(6) ring motif. The conformation about the C=N bond is E, and the aromatic ring of the julolidine moiety is inclined to the benzene ring by 3.74 (14)°. One of the fused non-aromatic rings of the julolidine moiety adopts an envelope conformation and the other has a screw-boat conformation. In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked by C-H⋯π inter-actions involving the aromatic julolidine ring, forming slabs parallel to the bc plane. The tricyclic fragment of the julolidine ring and the azomethine C=N bond are disordered over two sets of sites with a refined occupancy ratio of 0.773 (3):0.227 (3).

  13. Application of vibrational correlation formalism to internal conversion rate: Case study of Cu{sub n} (n = 3, 6, and 9) and H{sub 2}/Cu{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect

    Chiodo, Sandro Giuseppe; Mineva, Tzonka

    2015-03-21

    This work reports non-radiative internal conversion (IC) rate constants obtained for Cu{sub n} with n = 3, 6, and 9 and H{sub 2} on Cu{sub 3}. The Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory (TDDFT) method was employed with three different functionals in order to investigate the electronic structures and the absorption spectra. The performance of the generalized gradient approximation of Perdew, Burke and Ernzerhof (PBE) and the hybrid B3LYP and PBE0 exchange correlation functionals in combination with the SVP and the def2-TZVP basis sets was examined. TDDFT results were used as input data to compute internal conversion rate constants. For this purpose, we have developed a program package. A description of the theoretical background used in our numerical implementation and the program input file is presented. In view of future applications of this program package in photoinduced catalysis, we present the analysis of the IC rate processes for the photodissociation of H{sub 2} on Cu{sub 3}. These results showed the applicability of the method and the computational program to identify the vibrational modes in transition metal clusters giving rise to the largest IC rate constant due to their interactions with the excited electronic states occurring in the hot-electron induced dissociation phenomena.

  14. Pro-apoptotic effect of new quinolone 7- ethyl 9-ethyl-6-oxo-6,9-dihydro[1,2,5]selenadiazolo [3,4-h]quinoline-7-carboxylate on cervical cancer cell line HeLa alone/with UVA irradiation.

    PubMed

    Jantová, Soňa; Mrvová, Nataša; Hudec, Roman; Sedlák, Ján; Pánik, Miroslav; Milata, Viktor

    2016-06-01

    7- ethyl 9-ethyl-6-oxo-6,9-dihydro[1,2,5]selenadiazolo [3,4-h]quinoline-7-carboxylate (E2h) is a new synthetically prepared quinolone derivative, which in our primary study showed cytotoxic effects towards tumor cells. The aim of the present study was to examine the antiproliferative and apoptosis inducing activities of E2h towards human cervical cancer cell line HeLa with/without the presence of UVA irradiation. Further, the molecular mechanism involved in E2h-induced apoptosis in HeLa cells was investigated. Our results showed that both non-photoactivated and photoactivated E2h caused morphological changes and inhibited the cell growth of HeLa cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Irradiation increased the sensitivity of HeLa cells to E2h. Quinolone induced S and G2/M arrest and apoptosis in HeLa cells, as characterized by DNA fragmentation and flow cytometry. In addition, E2h elevated the level of reactive oxygen species and activated caspases 3. In conclusions, E2h alone/in combination with UVA irradiation induced apoptosis in HeLa cells through the ROS-mitochondrial/caspase 3-dependent pathway.

  15. Self-doping processes between planes and chains in the metal-to-superconductor transition of YBa2Cu3O6.9.

    PubMed

    Magnuson, M; Schmitt, T; Strocov, V N; Schlappa, J; Kalabukhov, A S; Duda, L-C

    2014-11-12

    The interplay between the quasi 1-dimensional CuO-chains and the 2-dimensional CuO2 planes of YBa(2)Cu(3)O(6+x) (YBCO) has been in focus for a long time. Although the CuO-chains are known to be important as charge reservoirs that enable superconductivity for a range of oxygen doping levels in YBCO, the understanding of the dynamics of its temperature-driven metal-superconductor transition (MST) remains a challenge. We present a combined study using x-ray absorption spectroscopy and resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) revealing how a reconstruction of the apical O(4)-derived interplanar orbitals during the MST of optimally doped YBCO leads to substantial hole-transfer from the chains into the planes, i.e. self-doping. Our ionic model calculations show that localized divalent charge-transfer configurations are expected to be abundant in the chains of YBCO. While these indeed appear in the RIXS spectra from YBCO in the normal, metallic, state, they are largely suppressed in the superconducting state and, instead, signatures of Cu trivalent charge-transfer configurations in the planes become enhanced. In the quest for understanding the fundamental mechanism for high-Tc-superconductivity (HTSC) in perovskite cuprate materials, the observation of such an interplanar self-doping process in YBCO opens a unique novel channel for studying the dynamics of HTSC.

  16. Self-doping processes between planes and chains in the metal-to-superconductor transition of YBa2Cu3O6.9

    PubMed Central

    Magnuson, M.; Schmitt, T.; Strocov, V. N.; Schlappa, J.; Kalabukhov, A. S.; Duda, L.-C.

    2014-01-01

    The interplay between the quasi 1-dimensional CuO-chains and the 2-dimensional CuO2 planes of YBa2Cu3O6+x (YBCO) has been in focus for a long time. Although the CuO-chains are known to be important as charge reservoirs that enable superconductivity for a range of oxygen doping levels in YBCO, the understanding of the dynamics of its temperature-driven metal-superconductor transition (MST) remains a challenge. We present a combined study using x-ray absorption spectroscopy and resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) revealing how a reconstruction of the apical O(4)-derived interplanar orbitals during the MST of optimally doped YBCO leads to substantial hole-transfer from the chains into the planes, i.e. self-doping. Our ionic model calculations show that localized divalent charge-transfer configurations are expected to be abundant in the chains of YBCO. While these indeed appear in the RIXS spectra from YBCO in the normal, metallic, state, they are largely suppressed in the superconducting state and, instead, signatures of Cu trivalent charge-transfer configurations in the planes become enhanced. In the quest for understanding the fundamental mechanism for high-Tc-superconductivity (HTSC) in perovskite cuprate materials, the observation of such an interplanar self-doping process in YBCO opens a unique novel channel for studying the dynamics of HTSC. PMID:25388860

  17. Study of magnetic transition and magnetic entropy changes of Pr0.6Sr0.4MnO3 and Pr0.6Sr0.4Mn0.9Fe0.1O3 compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nasri, Abir.; Hlil, E. K.; Lehlooh, A.-F.; Ellouze, M.; Elhalouani, F.

    2016-04-01

    In the present work, we analyze the magnetic transition and magnetic entropy change \\vertΔ SM\\vert of Pr0.6Sr0.4Mn1- x Fe x O3 samples. Using Arrott plots, we report that the phase transition for Pr0.6Sr0.4MnO3 sample is of second order, while the Pr0.6Sr0.4Mn0.9Fe0.1O3 sample exhibits a first-order magnetic phase transition. From the magnetization measurements at temperature close to the Curie temperature, the magnetic entropy change, \\vertΔ SM\\vert and the Relative Cooling Power (RCP) have been estimated. The maximum of magnetic entropy change \\vertΔ S_M^{max}\\vert reaches, under an applied magnetic field of 5T, 3.58 and 3.66J/kg K for Pr0.6Sr0.4MnO3 and Pr0.6Sr0.4Mn0.9Fe0.1O3, respectively. The RCP values have been estimated to 159.37 and 223.52J/kg. For both samples, the \\vertΔ SM\\vert values evaluated using the Maxwell theory were found in accordance with those calculated by the Landau theory.

  18. A low-temperature phase of the 1:1 complex of 2-(6-diethylamino-3-diethyl-iminio-3H-xanthen-9-yl)benzoate with ethyl gallate at 93 K.

    PubMed

    Mizuguchi, Jin

    2008-06-07

    The title compound, C(28)H(30)N(2)O(3)·C(9)H(10)O(5), is a well known red leuco complex of 2-(6-diethylamino-3-diethyl-iminio-3H-xanthen-9-yl)benzoate (rhodamine B base abbreviated to RBB, a leuco dye) with ethyl gallate (EG, developer). The structure of the complex at room temperature has recently been reported by Sekiguchi, Takayama, Gotanda & Sano [Chem. Lett. (2007 ▶), 36, 1010-1011]. We have found a new phase of the material with two discrete base/developer complexes (RBB-A/EG-A and RBB-B/EG-B) in the asymmetric unit at 93 K. There are no significant differences between the two developer mol-ecules EG-A and EG-B. The lactone ring of RBB is opened in each mol-ecule to form a zwitterionic structure. However, the xanthene system is almost flat in RBB-A (r.m.s. deviation 0.0234 Å) but is less so in RBB-B (r.m.s. deviation 0.1095 Å). Furthermore, the ethyl groups of the xanthene diethyl-amino substituents lie on the same side of the xanthene plane in RBB-A but on opposite sides in RBB-B. Dimeric dye/developer complexes are formed through inter- and intra-molecular O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds and are linked further into dimers by additional O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds involving either EG-A or EG-B developer mol-ecules.

  19. Crystal structure of (1S,3R,8R,9R)-2,2-di­chloro-3,7,7-tri­methyl-10-methylenetri­cyclo­[6.4.0.01,3]dodecan-9-ol

    PubMed Central

    Benzalim, Ahmed; Auhmani, Aziz; Bimoussa, Abdoullah; Ait Itto, My Youssef; Daran, Jean-Claude; Auhmani, Abdelwahed

    2016-01-01

    The title compound, C16H24Cl2O, was synthesized by treating (1S,3R,8S,9R,10S)-2,2-di­chloro-3,7,7,10-tetra­methyl-9,10-ep­oxy­tri­cyclo­[6.4.0.01,3]dodecane with a concentrated solution of hydro­bromic acid. It is built up from three fused rings: a cyclo­heptane ring, a cyclo­hexyl ring bearing alkene and hy­droxy substituents, and a cyclo­propane ring bearing two chlorine atoms. The asymmetric unit contains two mol­ecules linked by an O—H⋯O hydrogen bond. In the crystal, further O—H⋯O hydrogen bonds build up an R 4 4(8) cyclic tetra­mer. One of the mol­ecules presents disorder that affects the seven-membered ring. In both mol­ecules, the six-membered rings display a chair conformation, whereas the seven-membered rings display conformations inter­mediate between boat and twist-boat for the non-disordered mol­ecule and either a chair or boat and twist-boat for the disordered mol­ecule owing to the disorder. The absolute configuration for both mol­ecules is 1S,3R,8R,9R and was deduced from the chemical pathway and further confirmed by the X-ray structural analysis. PMID:27536404

  20. Differential influence of pre- and post-delta-6-desaturation n6 polyunsaturated fatty acids on fibroblasts in culture, compared to n9 monounsaturated and n3 polyunsaturated fatty acids.

    PubMed

    Davidson, B C; Girao, L A F; Giangregorio, A

    2005-01-01

    There is now considerable evidence that polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are effective in vitro at limiting the growth of cancer cells while not affecting normal cells to the same extent. Twenty carbon PUFA, especially of the n3 series, have been shown to be particularly potent; while the eighteen carbon n6 fatty acid, linoleic acid has been implicated in growth stimulation of breast cancer. We report here on the comparative effects of a range of eighteen and twenty carbon fatty acids of varying degrees of unsaturation on normal and transformed fibroblasts in culture. All moieties of the n3 series showed high potency in limiting transformed cell growth, while cis and trans monounsaturates and pre-delta-6-desaturation n6 polyunsaturates induced a mixed response, even inducing comparative growth stimulation with some fatty acid concentrations.

  1. Genetic polymorphisms of drug-metabolizing phase I enzymes CYP3A4, CYP2C9, CYP2C19 and CYP2D6 in Han, Uighur, Hui and Mongolian Chinese populations.

    PubMed

    Zuo, Jinliang; Xia, Dongya; Jia, Lihui; Guo, Tao

    2012-07-01

    We randomly evaluated 672 unrelated, healthy Chinese volunteers (136 Han, 214 Uighur, 164 Hui and 158 Mongolian) to compare CYP3A4, CYP2C9, CYP2C19 and CYP2D6 allele frequencies. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral leukocytes and genotyped for CYP3A4*5, CYP3A4*18, CYP2C9*2, CYP2C9*13, CYP2C19*2, CYP2C19*3 and CYP2D6*10 by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis (PCR-RFLP). Our results showed that there is no significant difference in the distribution of CYP2C19*3 and CYP3A4*18 genotypes in the Han, Uighur, Hui and Mongolian Chinese populations. The CYP2C9*13/*13 and CYP3A4*5 genotypes were not observed in any of the four Chinese populations. We found a higher incidence of the CYP2C9*2 allele in Uighur populations, compared to the Han, Hui and Mongolian populations. The incidence of the CYP2C19*2 allele in the Han population was not significantly different from that in the Uighur, Hui or Mongolian populations; however, the Uighur population showed significantly lower rates of this allele than the Hui and Mongolian populations, and the Mongolian population had a significantly lower incidence of this allele than the Hui population. There was no significant difference in the presence of the CYP2D6*10 allele in the Mongolian, Han or Hui populations. However, the Uighur population showed significantly lower rates of this allele than the other three populations. These findings provide basic genetic information for further pharmacogenomic investigations in the Chinese population.

  2. Lanthanide-amine template synthesis. Preparation and molecular structures of Ln(L) (CH/sub 3/CN) (CF/sub 3/SO/sub 3/)/sub 3/ (L = 1,9-Bis(2-aminoethyl)-1,4,6,9,12,14-hexaazacyclohexadecane; Ln = La, Yb) and La(en)/sub 4/(CH/sub 3/CN)(CF/sub 3/SO/sub 3/)/sub 3/

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, P.H.; Raymond, K.N.

    1985-10-09

    The title compounds have been prepared as part of a project to prepare kinetically inert macrocyclic amine complexes of the lanthanides in which the metal is surrounded by a covalently linked cage of amine ligating groups. The macrocycles are prepared in a reaction utilizing the metal ion as a template. The structures have been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The macrocyclic amine-lanthanide complexes have been prepared by the addition of bis(dimethylamino)methane to 1 equiv of lanthanide ion and 2 equiv of tren (N(CH/sub 2/CH/sub 2/NH/sub 2/)/sub 3/) in acetonitrile. The lanthanum complex (LaC/sub 19/H/sub 39/N/sub 9/O/sub 9/S/sub 3/F/sub 9/) prepared by this procedure is 10-coordinate with eight nitrogens from the macrocycle and two oxygens from two trifluoromethanesulfonate (triflate) anions. It crystallizes in space group P1 with Z = 2 and a = 10.716 (2) A, b = 13.733 (2) A, c = 14.211 (2) A, ..cap alpha.. = 98.87 (2)/sup 0/, ..beta.. = 97.54 (2)/sup 0/, and ..gamma.. = 107.45 (2)/sup 0/. The analogous ytterbium complex (YbC/sub 19/H/sub 39/N/sub 9/O/sub 9/S/sub 3/F/sub 9/) is 9-coordinate with one triflate oxygen and eight nitrogens from the macrocycle. It also crystallizes in space group P1 with Z = 2 and a = 9.594 (2) A, b = 10.940 (2) A, c = 18.072 (2) A, ..cap alpha.. = 74.07 (1)/sup 0/, ..beta.. = 74.70(1); and ..gamma.. = 81.90 (1)/sup 0/. The lanthanum-ethylenediamine complex (LaC/sub 13/H/sub 35/N/sub 9/O/sub 9/S/sub 3/F/sub 9/) is 9-coordinate with eight nitrogens from four ethylenediamines and one oxygen from a triflate anion and crystallizes in space group P1 with Z = 2 and a = 9.526 (2) A, b = 12.919 (2) A, c = 14.077 (2) A, ..cap alpha.. = 102.62 (1)/sup 0/, ..beta.. = 91.38 (l)/sup 0/, and ..gamma.. = 98.03 (1)/sup 0/. 14 references, 13 figures, 12 tables.

  3. Site specific synthesis and polymerase bypass of oligonucleotides containing a 6-hydroxy-3,5,6,7-tetrahydro-9H-imidazo[1,2-a]purin-9-one base, an intermediate in the formation of 1,N2-etheno-2'-deoxyguanosine.

    PubMed

    Goodenough, Angela K; Kozekov, Ivan D; Zang, Hong; Choi, Jeong-Yun; Guengerich, F Peter; Harris, Thomas M; Rizzo, Carmelo J

    2005-11-01

    The reaction of DNA with certain bis-electrophiles such as chlorooxirane and chloroacetaldehyde produces etheno adducts. These lesions are highly miscoding, and some of the chemical agents that produce them have been shown to be carcinogenic in laboratory animals and in humans. An intermediate in the formation of 1,N2-ethenoguanine is 6-hydroxy-3,5,6,7-tetrahydro-9H-imidazo[1,2-a]purin-9-one (6-hydroxyethanoguanine), which undergoes conversion to the etheno adduct. The chemical properties and miscoding potential of the hydroxyethano adduct have not been previously studied. A synthesis of the hydroxyethano-adducted nucleoside was developed, and it was site specifically incorporated into oligonucleotides. This adduct had a half-life of between 24 and 48 h at neutral pH and 25 degrees C at the nucleoside and oligonucleotide levels. The miscoding potential of the hydroxyethano adduct was examined by primer extension reactions with the DNA polymerases Dpo4 and pol T7-, and the results were compared to the corresponding etheno-adducted oligonucleotide. Dpo4 preferentially incorporated dATP opposite the hydroxyethano adduct and dGTP opposite the etheno adduct; pol T7- preferentially incorporated dATP opposite the etheno adduct while dGTP and dATP were incorporated opposite the hydroxyethano adduct with nearly equal catalytic efficiencies. Collectively, these results indicate that the hydroxyethano adduct has a sufficient lifetime and miscoding properties to contribute to the mutagenic spectrum of chlorooxirane and related genotoxic species.

  4. 2-[(2,4-Dihydroxy­benzyl­idene)amino]-3′,6′-bis­(ethyl­amino)spiro­[isoindoline-1,9′-xanthen]-3-one

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Zhi-Hong; Zhang, Yan-Ling; Zhao, Yan-Ru; Yang, Feng-Ling

    2010-01-01

    The title compound, C35H36N4O4, was prepared as a spiro­lactam ring formation of rhodamine B dye for comparison with a ring-opened form. The xanthene ring system is approximately planar. The r.m.s. deviation from planarity is 0.064 (6) Å for the xanthene ring. The dihedral angles formed by the spiro­lactam and 2,4-dihydroxy­benzene rings with the xanthene ring system are 86.6 (9) and 88.0 (9)°, respectively. PMID:21579564

  5. Low-energy SiC2H6+ and SiC3H9+ ion beam productions by the mass-selection of fragments produced from hexamethyldisilane for SiC film formations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoshimura, Satoru; Sugimoto, Satoshi; Murai, Kensuke; Kiuchi, Masato

    2016-12-01

    We have been attempting to produce low-energy ion beams from fragments produced through the decomposition of hexamethyldisilane (HMD) for silicon carbide (SiC) film formations. We mass-selected SiC2H6+ and SiC3H9+ ions from fragments produced from HMD, and finally produced low-energy SiC2H6+ and SiC3H9+ ion beams. The ion energy was approximately 100 eV. Then, the ion beams were irradiated to Si(100) substrates. The temperature of the Si substrate was 800°C during the ion irradiation. The X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy of the substrates obtained following SiC2H6+ ion irradiation demonstrated the occurrence of 3C-SiC deposition. On the other hand, the film deposited by the irradiation of SiC3H9+ ions included diamond-like carbon in addition to 3C-SiC.

  6. (4'-Acet-yloxy-1,3,1'-trioxo-1,3,4,4a,4b,5,6,7,9,9a-deca-hydro-spiro-[indene-2,9'-pyrano[4,3-a]pyrrolizin]-3'-yl)methyl acetate.

    PubMed

    Latha, N; Naga Siva Rao, J; Raghunathan, R; Divya, G; Lakshmi, S

    2013-11-13

    In the title compound, C23H23NO8, the dihedral angle between the five- and six-membered rings of the indene-dione moiety is 3.09 (13)°. The mean plane of the five-membered ring (which has a flat envelope conformation with the spiro C atom as the flap) is inclined to the mean plane of the central five-membered ring of the pyrrolizine unit by 76.48 (12)°. This central ring has a twist conformation on the N-C(spiro) bond. The outer ring of the pyrrolizine unit has an envelope conformation with the N atom as the flap. The mean planes of these two fused rings are inclined to one another by 65.28 (15)°. The pyran ring has a screw-boat conformation and its mean plane makes a dihedral angle of 29.50 (11)° with the mean plane of the central five-membered ring of the pyrrolizine unit. In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked via C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds, forming two-dimensional networks lying parallel to the ab plane.

  7. 47 CFR 9.3 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Definitions. 9.3 Section 9.3 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL INTERCONNECTED VOICE OVER INTERNET PROTOCOL SERVICES § 9.3 Definitions. ANI. Automatic Number Identification, as such term is defined in § 20.3 of this...

  8. Survey and Interpretation Geophysical of Magnetic Isochrones 4n.2 a 2A.3 (7.9 3.6 Ma) in the Central Part of the Rivera Plate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perez, D. A.; Mortera-Gutierrez, C. A.; Bandy, W. L.; Valle, S.

    2013-05-01

    This study shows the results of six campaigns marine geophysics BABRIP06 in 2006, MAMRIV07 in 2007, MAMRIV08 in 2008, GUAYRIV10 in 2010, BATIBAJA11 in 2011 and MAMRIV12 in 2012, in the abyssal plain in the East Pacific Rise (EPR), on board the UNAM vessel, B/O El Puma. The oceanographic campaigns single beam bathymetric data collected and marine magnetic data. The results allow analyze and study the magnetic texture in the central north of the Rivera plate associated with geological structures and behavior of the seafloor to the isochronous 5A. The systematic survey of the magnetic data provided high resolution on the guidelines of the magnetic anomalies associated with cortical spreading between 7.9 and 3.6 Ma, generated by the northern segment of the East Pacific Rise (EPR), between the Rivera and Tamayo Oceanic Transformants. Multibeam bathymetry data and the acoustic reflectivity of the six campaigns are correlated with the geometry of the magnetic anomalies and seismic reflection profiles to understand the processes that formed the highlight recreational ocean in this area. The main results in this study is the identification of continuous magnetic isochrones 4n.2 to 2A.3, magnetic anomalies associated with seamounts, the geometry of the isochrones associated with a propagator and magnetic anomaly identification of isochronous 3n.3 had not been demonstrated by other oceanographic surveys. Possibly oceanic spreading rate was slower during these epochs and the identification of a cross anomaly was due to a fracture zone that generated the propagator.

  9. Power scaling of laser diode pumped Pr3+:LiYF4 cw lasers: efficient laser operation at 522.6 nm, 545.9 nm, 607.2 nm, and 639.5 nm.

    PubMed

    Gün, Teoman; Metz, Philip; Huber, Günter

    2011-03-15

    We report efficient cw laser operation of laser diode pumped Pr(3+)-doped LiYF4 crystals in the visible spectral region. Using two InGaN laser diodes emitting at λ(P)=443.9 nm with maximum output power of 1 W each and a 2.9-mm-long crystal with a doping concentration of 0.5%, output powers of 938 mW, 418 mW, 384 mW, and 773 mW were achieved for the laser wavelengths 639.5 nm, 607.2 nm, 545.9 nm, and 522.6 nm, respectively. The maximum absorbed pump powers were approximately 1.5 W, resulting in slope efficiencies of 63.6%, 32.0%, 52.1%, and 61.5%, as well as electro-optical efficiencies of 9.4%, 4.2%, 3.8%, and 7.7%, respectively. Within these experiments, laser diode-pumped laser action at 545.9 nm was demonstrated for what is believed to be the first time.

  10. 6 CFR 11.9 - Collection in installments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Collection in installments. 11.9 Section 11.9 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY CLAIMS § 11.9 Collection in installments. DHS may accept payment of a DHS debt in regular installments, in accordance with the...

  11. 6 CFR 9.11 - Agency and legislative liaison.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Agency and legislative liaison. 9.11 Section 9.11 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY RESTRICTIONS UPON LOBBYING Activities by Own Employees § 9.11 Agency and legislative liaison. (a) The prohibition on the...

  12. 6 CFR 9.11 - Agency and legislative liaison.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Agency and legislative liaison. 9.11 Section 9.11 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY RESTRICTIONS UPON LOBBYING Activities by Own Employees § 9.11 Agency and legislative liaison. (a) The prohibition on the...

  13. 6 CFR 9.11 - Agency and legislative liaison.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Agency and legislative liaison. 9.11 Section 9.11 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY RESTRICTIONS UPON LOBBYING Activities by Own Employees § 9.11 Agency and legislative liaison. (a) The prohibition on the...

  14. 6 CFR 9.11 - Agency and legislative liaison.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Agency and legislative liaison. 9.11 Section 9.11 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY RESTRICTIONS UPON LOBBYING Activities by Own Employees § 9.11 Agency and legislative liaison. (a) The prohibition on the...

  15. 6 CFR 9.11 - Agency and legislative liaison.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Agency and legislative liaison. 9.11 Section 9.11 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY RESTRICTIONS UPON LOBBYING Activities by Own Employees § 9.11 Agency and legislative liaison. (a) The prohibition on the...

  16. 47 CFR 6.9 - Information pass through.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Information pass through. 6.9 Section 6.9 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL ACCESS TO TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE, TELECOMMUNICATIONS... achievable. In particular, signal compression technologies shall not remove information needed for access...

  17. 45 CFR 83.6-83.9 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false 83.6-83.9 Section 83.6-83.9 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION REGULATION FOR THE ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT OF SECTIONS 799A AND 845 OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE ACT Purposes; Definitions; Coverage §§...

  18. 32 CFR 9.6 - Conduct of the trial.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Conduct of the trial. 9.6 Section 9.6 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE MILITARY COMMISSIONS PROCEDURES FOR TRIALS BY MILITARY COMMISSIONS OF CERTAIN NON-UNITED STATES CITIZENS IN THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM §...

  19. 32 CFR 9.6 - Conduct of the trial.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Conduct of the trial. 9.6 Section 9.6 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE MILITARY COMMISSIONS PROCEDURES FOR TRIALS BY MILITARY COMMISSIONS OF CERTAIN NON-UNITED STATES CITIZENS IN THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM §...

  20. 32 CFR 9.6 - Conduct of the trial.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Conduct of the trial. 9.6 Section 9.6 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE MILITARY COMMISSIONS PROCEDURES FOR TRIALS BY MILITARY COMMISSIONS OF CERTAIN NON-UNITED STATES CITIZENS IN THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM §...

  1. 44 CFR 9.3 - Authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Authority. 9.3 Section 9.3 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL FLOODPLAIN MANAGEMENT AND PROTECTION OF WETLANDS § 9.3 Authority. The authority for...

  2. 44 CFR 9.3 - Authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Authority. 9.3 Section 9.3 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL FLOODPLAIN MANAGEMENT AND PROTECTION OF WETLANDS § 9.3 Authority. The authority for...

  3. 44 CFR 9.3 - Authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Authority. 9.3 Section 9.3 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL FLOODPLAIN MANAGEMENT AND PROTECTION OF WETLANDS § 9.3 Authority. The authority for...

  4. 44 CFR 9.3 - Authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Authority. 9.3 Section 9.3 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL FLOODPLAIN MANAGEMENT AND PROTECTION OF WETLANDS § 9.3 Authority. The authority for...

  5. 44 CFR 9.3 - Authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Authority. 9.3 Section 9.3 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL FLOODPLAIN MANAGEMENT AND PROTECTION OF WETLANDS § 9.3 Authority. The authority for...

  6. 18 CFR 9.3 - Transfer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Transfer. 9.3 Section 9.3 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE FEDERAL POWER ACT TRANSFER OF LICENSE OR LEASE OF PROJECT PROPERTY Application for Transfer of License § 9.3 Transfer....

  7. 18 CFR 9.3 - Transfer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Transfer. 9.3 Section 9.3 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE FEDERAL POWER ACT TRANSFER OF LICENSE OR LEASE OF PROJECT PROPERTY Application for Transfer of License § 9.3 Transfer....

  8. 18 CFR 9.3 - Transfer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Transfer. 9.3 Section 9.3 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE FEDERAL POWER ACT TRANSFER OF LICENSE OR LEASE OF PROJECT PROPERTY Application for Transfer of License § 9.3 Transfer....

  9. 18 CFR 9.3 - Transfer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Transfer. 9.3 Section 9.3 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE FEDERAL POWER ACT TRANSFER OF LICENSE OR LEASE OF PROJECT PROPERTY Application for Transfer of License § 9.3 Transfer....

  10. Synthesis of 9,9'-[1,2-ethanediylbis(oxymethylene)]bis-2-amino-1,9-dihydro-6H-purin-6-one, an impurity of acyclovir.

    PubMed

    Suárez, Rosa M; Matía, Maria Paz; Novella, José Luis; Molina, Andres; Cosme, Antonio; Vaquero, Juan José; Alvarez-Builla, Julio

    2012-07-25

    The synthesis of 9,9'-[1,2-ethanediylbis(oxymethylene)]bis-2-amino-1,9-dihydro-6H-purin-6-one, a minor impurity of acyclovir, is described. Starting with commercial N-(9-acetyl-6-oxo-1H-purin-2-yl)acetamide, the process uses an acid catalysed phase transfer catalysis (PTC) process to produce the selective alkylation at the 9 position of the guanine ring.

  11. Discipline-Based Art Education and Cultural Diversity. Seminar Proceedings of a National Invitational Seminar (3rd, Austin Texas, August 6-9, 1992).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Getty Center for Education in the Arts, Los Angeles, CA.

    This publication contains proceedings of a seminar structured around five basic themes: (1) cultural diversity in education; (2) discipline based art education (DBAE) and cultural diversity; (3) how cultural diversity has affected practices in art history, aesthetics, criticism, and art making; (4) experiences in other disciplines which effect…

  12. Human papillomavirus type 16 E6 suppresses microRNA-23b expression in human cervical cancer cells through DNA methylation of the host gene C9orf3.

    PubMed

    Au Yeung, Chi Lam; Tsang, Tsun Yee; Yau, Pak Lun; Kwok, Tim Tak

    2017-01-06

    Oncogenic protein E6 of human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) is believed to involve in the aberrant methylation in cervical cancer as it upregulates DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) through tumor suppressor p53. In addition, DNA demethylating agent induces the expression of one of the HPV-16 E6 regulated microRNAs (miRs), miR-23b, in human cervical carcinoma SiHa cells. Thus, the importance of DNA methylation and miR-23b in HPV-16 E6 associated cervical cancer development is investigated. In the present study, however, it is found that miR-23b is not embedded in any typical CpG island. Nevertheless, a functional CpG island is predicted in the promoter region of C9orf3, the host gene of miR-23b, and is validated by methylation-specific PCR and bisulfite genomic sequencing analyses. Besides, c-MET is confirmed to be a target gene of miR-23b. Silencing of HPV-16 E6 is found to increase the expression of miR-23b, decrease the expression of c-MET and thus induce the apoptosis of SiHa cells through the c-MET downstream signaling pathway. Taken together, the tumor suppressive miR-23b is epigenetically inactivated through its host gene C9orf3 and this is probably a critical pathway during HPV-16 E6 associated cervical cancer development.

  13. Crystal structure of 6-benzylamino-9-[2-tetrahydropyranyl]-9H-purine.

    PubMed

    Soriano-García, Manuel; Avellaneda, Carlos Rojas; Aguirre-Hernández, Gerardo

    2003-09-01

    C17H19O2N5 is monoclinic, P2(1)/n. Unit-cell dimensions at 293 K are a = 10.802(1), b = 24.085(2), c = 12.933(1)A, beta = 106.119(6) degrees, V = 3232.4(6)A3, Dx = 1.271 g/cm3, and Z = 8. The R value is 0.068 for 3017 observed reflections. There are two independent molecules in the asymmetric unit, denoted by A and B. In A, the dihedral angle between the adenine moiety and the phenyl ring is 73.2(3)degrees [in B, the angle is 83.9(2)degrees]. For A, the tetrahydropyranyl ring adopts a half-chair conformation [for B, chair conformation]. The packing in the crystal is entirely due to van der Waals forces.

  14. Competition between singlet fission and charge separation in solution-processed blend films of 6,13-bis(triisopropylsilylethynyl)pentacene with sterically-encumbered perylene-3,4:9,10-bis(dicarboximide)s.

    PubMed

    Ramanan, Charusheela; Smeigh, Amanda L; Anthony, John E; Marks, Tobin J; Wasielewski, Michael R

    2012-01-11

    The photophysics and morphology of thin films of N,N-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)perylene-3,4:9,10-bis(dicarboximide) (1) and the 1,7-diphenyl (2) and 1,7-bis(3,5-di-tert-butylphenyl) (3) derivatives blended with 6,13-bis(triisopropylsilylethynyl)pentacene (TIPS-Pn) were studied for their potential use as photoactive layers in organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices. Increasing the steric bulk of the 1,7-substituents of the perylene-3,4:9,10-bis(dicarboximide) (PDI) impedes aggregation in the solid state. Film characterization data using both atomic force microscopy and X-ray diffraction showed that decreasing the PDI aggregation by increasing the steric bulk in the order 1 < 2 < 3 correlates with a decrease in the density/size of crystalline TIPS-Pn domains. Transient absorption spectroscopy was performed on ~100 nm solution-processed TIPS-Pn:PDI blend films to characterize the charge separation dynamics. These results showed that selective excitation of the TIPS-Pn results in competition between ultrafast singlet fission ((1*)TIPS-Pn + TIPS-Pn → 2 (3*)TIPS-Pn) and charge transfer from (1*)TIPS-Pn to PDIs 1-3. As the blend films become more homogeneous across the series TIPS-Pn:PDI 1 → 2 → 3, charge separation becomes competitive with singlet fission. Ultrafast charge separation forms the geminate radical ion pair state (1)(TIPS-Pn(+•)-PDI(-•)) that undergoes radical pair intersystem crossing to form (3)(TIPS-Pn(+•)-PDI(-•)), which then undergoes charge recombination to yield either (3*)PDI or (3*)TIPS-Pn. Energy transfer from (3*)PDI to TIPS-Pn also yields (3*)TIPS-Pn. These results show that multiple pathways produce the (3*)TIPS-Pn state, so that OPV design strategies based on this system must utilize this triplet state for charge separation.

  15. Berkeley Seismological Laboratory Seismic Moment Tensor Report for the August 6, 2007 M3.9 Seismic event in central Utah

    SciTech Connect

    Ford, S; Dreger, D; Hellweg, P

    2007-08-08

    We have performed a complete moment tensor analysis of the seismic event, which occurred on Monday August 6, 2007 at 08:48:40 UTC 21 km from Mt.Pleasant, Utah. In our analysis we utilized complete three-component seismic records recorded by the USArray, University of Utah, and EarthScope seismic arrays. The seismic waveform data was integrated to displacement and filtered between 0.02 to 0.10 Hz following instrument removal. We used the Song et al. (1996) velocity model to compute Green's functions used in the moment tensor inversion. A map of the stations we used and the location of the event is shown in Figure 1. In our moment tensor analysis we assumed a shallow source depth of 1 km consistent with the shallow depth reported for this event. As shown in Figure 2 the results point to a source mechanism with negligible double-couple radiation and is composed of dominant CLVD and implosive isotropic components. The total scalar seismic moment is 2.12e22 dyne cm corresponding to a moment magnitude (Mw) of 4.2. The long-period records are very well matched by the model (Figure 2) with a variance reduction of 73.4%. An all dilational (down) first motion radiation pattern is predicted by the moment tensor solution, and observations of first motions are in agreement.

  16. Peculiar holes on checkerboard facets of a trigonal prismatic Au9Ag36(SPhCl2)27(PPh3)6 cluster caused by steric hindrance and magic electron count.

    PubMed

    Huang, Lei; Yan, Juanzhu; Ren, Liting; Teo, Boon K; Zheng, Nanfeng

    2017-02-14

    We report herein the synthesis and structure of a 45-atom trigonal-prismatic Au-Ag bimetallic nanocluster, formulated as Au9Ag36(SPhCl2)27(PPh3)6, based on single-crystal X-ray crystallographic determination. The structure can be described as a core-shell structure with a tricapped trigonal prismatic (ttp1) Au9 core encaged in a larger (frequency-two) tricapped trigonal prismatic (ttp2) Ag30 shell. The cluster is terminated by six Ag(PPh3) moieties which, along with ttp2 and 27 thiolates, constitute the outer trigonal-prismatic (TP) shell. Each of the three nearly coplanar yet severely distorted "square" faces of TP contains 13 Ag atoms which are arranged in a way reminiscent of the (100) face of a face-centered cubic (fcc) structure. Of the 30 edges formed by these quasi-(100) faces of the TP, only 27 are bridged by the thiolate ligands; three are vacant, one on each "square" face. It is believed that these peculiar vacant ligand sites are caused by steric hindrance of the thiolate ligands in combination with the superatomic electronic shell closing of 1S(2)1P(6)1D(10) rendering 9(ttp1) + 30(ttp2) + 6(TP) - 27(SR) = 18 jellium electrons.

  17. (8aS)-7,8,8a,9-Tetra­hydro­thieno[3,2-f]indolizin-6(4H)-one

    PubMed Central

    Švorc, Ľubomír; Vrábel, Viktor; Kožíšek, Jozef; Marchalín, Štefan; Šafář, Peter

    2009-01-01

    In the mol­ecular structure of the title compound, C10H11NOS, the central six-membered ring of the indolizine unit adopts an envelope conformation, the maximum deviations from the mean plane of the ring being 0.533 (2) Å. The fused thieno ring is nearly coplanar [mean deviation = 0.007 (2) Å]. The conformation of the fused oxopyrrolidine ring is close to that of a flat-envelope, with a maximum deviation of 0.339 (3) Å. The crystal structure is stabilized by C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds. PMID:21582436

  18. The 3-D surface deformation, coseismic fault slip and after-slip of the 2010 Mw6.9 Yushu earthquake, Tibet, China

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Guohong; Shan, Xinjian; Feng, Guangcai

    2016-07-01

    Using SAR interferometry on C band Envisat descending track and L band ALOS ascending track SAR images, respectively, we firstly obtain two coseismic deformation fields and one postseismic deformation of the 2010 Yushu earthquake, Tibet, China. In the meanwhile, we also obtain the azimuthal coseismic deformation of the Yushu event by Multi Aperture Interferometry (MAI) technique. With the 3 components of one-dimensional coseismic InSAR measurements, we resolve the complete 3-dimensional deformation of the 2010 Yushu event, which shows conformity and complexity to left lateral slip mechanism. The horizontal deformation is basically consistent with a sinistral slip event; whereas the vertical displacement does show certain level of complexity, which we argue is indicative of local fault geometry variation. Based on the InSAR data and elastic dislocation assumption, we invert for coseismic fault slip and early after-slip of the Yushu event. Our inversion results show major coseismic left lateral strike slip with only minor thrust component. The after-slip model fills most of the slip gaps left by the coseismic fault slip and finds a complementary slip distribution to the coseismic fault slip, which is a good indicator that future earthquake potential on the Yushu segment has been significantly reduced.

  19. In vitro effects of vitamins C and E, n-3 and n-6 PUFA and n-9 MUFA on placental cell function and redox status in type 1 diabetic pregnant women.

    PubMed

    Mezouar, Djamila; Merzouk, Hafida; Merzouk, Amel Saidi; Merzouk, Sid Ahmed; Belarbi, Boumediene; Narce, Michel

    2016-06-01

    The aim of this investigation was to determine the in vitro effects of vitamin C and E, n-3 and n-6 PUFA and n-9 MUFA on placental cell proliferation and function in type 1 diabetes. Placenta tissues were collected from 30 control healthy and 30 type 1 diabetic women at delivery. Placental cells were isolated and were cultured in RPMI medium supplemented with vitamin C (50 μM), vitamin E (50 μM), n-3 PUFA (100 μM), n-6 PUFA (100 μM) or n-9 MUFA (100 μM). Cell proliferation, cell glucose uptake and intracellular oxidative status were investigated. Our results showed that basal placental cell proliferation, glucose uptake, malondialdehyde (MDA) and carbonyl proteins were higher while intracellular reduced glutathione (GSH) levels and catalase activities were lower in placentas from diabetic women as compared to controls. Vitamins C and E induced a modulation of placental cell proliferation and glucose consumption without affecting intracellular redox status in both diabetic and control groups. N-3 and n-6 PUFA diminished placental cell proliferation and enhanced intracellular oxidative stress while n-9 MUFA had no effects in the two groups. Co-administration of n-3 or n-6 PUFA and vitamin C or E were capable of reversing back the PUFA-decreased cell proliferation and normalizing placental cell function and redox status especially in diabetes. In conclusion, PUFA and antioxidant vitamin combinations may be beneficial in improving placenta function and in reducing placental oxidative stress in type 1 diabetic pregnancy.

  20. 48 CFR 9.206-3 - Competition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Competition. 9.206-3... CONTRACTOR QUALIFICATIONS Qualifications Requirements 9.206-3 Competition. (a) Presolicitation. If a... solicitation to ascertain whether the number of sources is adequate for competition. (See 9.204(a) for...

  1. 48 CFR 9.206-3 - Competition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Competition. 9.206-3... CONTRACTOR QUALIFICATIONS Qualifications Requirements 9.206-3 Competition. (a) Presolicitation. If a... solicitation to ascertain whether the number of sources is adequate for competition. (See 9.204(a) for...

  2. 48 CFR 9.206-3 - Competition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Competition. 9.206-3... CONTRACTOR QUALIFICATIONS Qualifications Requirements 9.206-3 Competition. (a) Presolicitation. If a... solicitation to ascertain whether the number of sources is adequate for competition. (See 9.204(a) for...

  3. 48 CFR 9.206-3 - Competition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Competition. 9.206-3... CONTRACTOR QUALIFICATIONS Qualifications Requirements 9.206-3 Competition. (a) Presolicitation. If a... solicitation to ascertain whether the number of sources is adequate for competition. (See 9.204(a) for...

  4. 48 CFR 9.206-3 - Competition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Competition. 9.206-3... CONTRACTOR QUALIFICATIONS Qualifications Requirements 9.206-3 Competition. (a) Presolicitation. If a... solicitation to ascertain whether the number of sources is adequate for competition. (See 9.204(a) for...

  5. 9 CFR 56.6 - Presentation of claims for indemnity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Presentation of claims for indemnity. 56.6 Section 56.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT... LOW PATHOGENIC AVIAN INFLUENZA § 56.6 Presentation of claims for indemnity. Claims for the...

  6. 9 CFR 55.6 - Mortgage against animals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Mortgage against animals. 55.6 Section 55.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... DISEASE Chronic Wasting Disease Indemnification Program § 55.6 Mortgage against animals. When cervids...

  7. 9 CFR 55.6 - Mortgage against animals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Mortgage against animals. 55.6 Section 55.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... DISEASE Chronic Wasting Disease Indemnification Program § 55.6 Mortgage against animals. When cervids...

  8. 9 CFR 55.6 - Mortgage against animals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Mortgage against animals. 55.6 Section 55.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... DISEASE Chronic Wasting Disease Indemnification Program § 55.6 Mortgage against animals. When cervids...

  9. 9 CFR 55.6 - Mortgage against animals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Mortgage against animals. 55.6 Section 55.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... DISEASE Chronic Wasting Disease Indemnification Program § 55.6 Mortgage against animals. When cervids...

  10. 9 CFR 55.6 - Mortgage against animals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Mortgage against animals. 55.6 Section 55.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... DISEASE Chronic Wasting Disease Indemnification Program § 55.6 Mortgage against animals. When cervids...

  11. From the mixed valent 6H-Ba 3Ru 5.5+2NaO 9 to the 6H-Ba 3(Ru 1.69C 0.31)(Na 0.95Ru 0.05)O 8.69 oxycarbonate compound

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Quarez, Eric; Huvé, Marielle; Abraham, Francis; Mentré, Olivier

    2003-07-01

    Ba 3Ru 2NaO 9 single crystals have been prepared by electrosynthesis in molten NaOH. It adopts a 6H perovskite crystal structure, a=5.8645(6) Å, c=14.440(2) Å, space group P6 3/ mmc, Z=2, R1=1.84%, wR2=3.91%. The mean ruthenium valence is 5.5+ for a unique Ru crystallographic site suggesting itinerant electrons within Ru 2O 9 dimers. Previously to our study, a Ru(V)/Ru(VI) charge ordering has been evidenced at 210 K by both single crystal XRD and susceptibility measurements. The resistivity measurement versus temperature performed in the current work shows a brutal R increase at this temperature. Below this temperature, a residual magnetic moment is observed on magnetization plots but has not been observed at 2 K. An additional anomaly is also evidenced on the R versus T plot, at T2=50 K. It is related to a magnetic transition of questionable origin appearing around the same temperature. Attempts to prepare the title compound by solid state reaction lead to a new related-phase. In fact, combined X-ray and neutron diffraction data unambiguously show the presence of CO 2-3 anions in the material. Thus, part of the Ru 2O 9 dimers are replaced by one RuO 5 square pyramid and one CO 3 group leading to the nominal Ba 3(Ru 1.69C 0.31)(Na 0.95Ru 0.05)O 8.69 formula. The carbonates typical vibration bands have been observed by infrared spectroscopy and clearly distinguished from possible BaCO 3 impurity bands. Compared to the ideal 6H-Ba 3Ru 5.5+2NaO 9, the oxycarbonate main characteristic is the ruthenium +5.28 mean valence. Numerically, such a valence can be obtained considering all the dimeric ruthenium with a +5 oxidation number and the RuO 5 and (Na/Ru)O 6 corner sharing octahedra to be +6. The structure has also been refined by Rietveld analysis of powder neutron diffraction data recorded at 20 K. No structural difference is observed at low temperature. The Ba/Na/Ru oxycarbonate shows sensitive modifications of its physical properties as compared to Ba 3Ru 2NaO 9

  12. Solute-fluid coupling and energy dissipation in supercritical fluids: 9-cyanoanthracene in C{sub 2}H{sub 6}, CO{sub 2}, and CF{sub 3}H

    SciTech Connect

    Rice, J.K.; Niemeyer, E.D.; Bright, F.V.

    1996-05-16

    We report on the coupling and dissipation of energy between a model fluorescent solute, 9-cyanoanthracene (9CA), and several supercritical fluid solvents. To this end, we have determined experimentally the fluorescence quantum yields and excited-state fluorescence lifetimes for dilute solutions of 9CA in supercritical C{sub 2}H{sub 6}, CO{sub 2}, and CF{sub 3}H. The 9CA quantum yield is substantially less than unity at lower fluid densities; it approaches unity only at the high-density, liquid-like region. The 9CA excited-state lifetime is also shortened significantly in the low-density region. The radiative (k{sub r}) and nonradiative (k{sub nr}) decay rates for 9CA are found to be strongly density dependent. In the low-density region, the nonradiative rate dominates; however, in the high-density region the 9CA de-excitation follows the radiative pathway. To yield agreement between the experimental k{sub r} data and the Strickler-Berg predictions, we require there to be changes in the total 9CA molar absorptivity with denisity. Recent experiments on anthracene and pyrene in supercritical CO{sub 2} demonstrate that the average solute molar absorptivity is indeed a function of fluid density. The strong density dependence of the nonradiative decay rate is interpreted in terms of an increase in fluid density leading to an increase in the energy gap ({Delta}E) between T{sub 2} and S{sub 1} states. 69 refs., 10 figs., 1 tab.

  13. Photochemistry of 1 and 2-(2-methylphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene. [4a-methyl-1,2,3,4,4a,9,10,10a-octahydrophenanthrene

    SciTech Connect

    Barrows, R.D.; Hornback, J.M.

    1982-01-01

    In an attempt to synthesize partially saturated phenanthrene derivatives by an intramolecular Diels-Alder reaction between a photochemically produced o-xylylene (diene) and a tethered dienophile, it was found that 1 and 2 underwent a photochemically allowed (2 + 2) cycloaddition. Irradiation of 1 gave 6-(2-methylphenyl)bicyclo(3.2.0)heptane in 86% yield. Upon irradiation of 2, a benzvalene rearrangement of 2 first took place, producing the meta isomer 2-(3-methylphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene, followed by a (2 + 2) photocycloaddition giving 1-(3-methylphenyl)bicyclo(3.2.0)heptane in 15% yield. Direct irradiation of 2-(3-methylphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene gave the same bicyclo derivative as 2 in 34% yield. Examination of the fluorescence spectra of 1 and 2 in comparison with 1-(2-methylphenyl)propene and 2-(2-methylphenyl)-1-butene, respectively, has shown that 1 may be biased toward (2 + 2) cycloaddition where 2 is not biased toward (2 + 2) photocycloization. Attempts to produce 4a-methyl-1,2,3,4,4a,9,10,10a-octahydrophenanthrene by an intramolecular Diels-Alder reaction of the o-xylylene produced by irradiation of 3 will also be described.

  14. High-resolution infrared spectroscopy of CH281BrF near 8 μm: rovibrational analysis of the ν3 and ν8 fundamentals and resonances with the dark states 2ν5 and ν6 + ν9

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stoppa, P.; Tasinato, N.; Baldacci, A.; Pietropolli Charmet, A.; Giorgianni, S.; Wugt Larsen, R.

    2014-07-01

    The infrared spectrum of isotopically enriched CH281BrF was investigated in the ν3 and ν8 region between 1150 and 1370 cm-1 at a resolution of 0.003 cm-1. The ν3 vibration of symmetry species A‧ gives rise to an a-/b-hybrid band with a-type predominance, while the ν8 mode of A″ symmetry produces c-type absorption. Due to the proximity of the band origins to those of closely lying overtones and combination bands, the v3 = 1 and v8 = 1 levels were found perturbed through Coriolis resonance by the v5 = 2 (A‧) and v6 = v9 = 1 (A″) states, respectively. The spectral analysis resulted in the identification of 3132 transitions (J″ ≤ 98 and Ka″ ≤ 14) for the ν3 and 2958 transitions (J″ ≤ 68 and Ka″ ≤ 19) for the ν8 bands. The assigned data were fitted using the Watson's A-reduction Hamiltonian in the Ir representation and the perturbation operators. Although no transitions belonging to the perturbers were observed, the band origins and excited state parameters for fundamentals and 'dark states' together with coupling terms for the ν3/2ν5 and ν8/ν6 + ν9 dyads were determined.

  15. 7-Methyl-6,7,8,9,14,15-hexahydro-5H-benz[d]indolo[2,3-g]azecine: a new heterocyclic system and a new lead compound for dopamine receptor antagonists.

    PubMed

    Witt, T; Hock, F J; Lehmann, J

    2000-05-18

    Partially hydrogenated derivatives of the new heterocyclic ring systems benz[d]indolo[2,3-g]azecine and bisindolo[3,2-d][2, 3-g]azecine were synthesized starting from lactones and amines via the described synthetic methods. In binding assays with rat striatal receptors, 7-methyl-6,7,8,9,14,15-hexahydro-5H-benz[d]indolo[2, 3-g]azecine (LE 300) proved to be of high affinity for the D(1) binding site (K(i) = 0.08 nmol for displacement of [(3)H]SCH23390), being superior in this assay to standards such as butaclamol and SCH23390. This compound was characterized as a dopamine antagonist by conditioned avoidance response test with mice. Thus, LE 300 represents the lead of a new class of dopamine antagonists for future investigations.

  16. 36 CFR 9.6 - Transfers of interest.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... MANAGEMENT Mining and Mining Claims § 9.6 Transfers of interest. (a) Whenever a claimant who has recorded his... provided by the Superintendent to the Bureau of Land Management. Failure to so notify the...

  17. 36 CFR 9.6 - Transfers of interest.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... MANAGEMENT Mining and Mining Claims § 9.6 Transfers of interest. (a) Whenever a claimant who has recorded his... provided by the Superintendent to the Bureau of Land Management. Failure to so notify the...

  18. 15 CFR 9.6 - Termination of participation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... LABELING PROGRAM FOR HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES AND EQUIPMENT TO EFFECT ENERGY CONSERVATION § 9.6 Termination of... this program with regard to a specific class of products by giving written notice to the Secretary...

  19. 9 CFR 3.6 - Primary enclosures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... must be designed and constructed of suitable materials so that they are structurally sound. The primary... extreme temperatures and weather conditions that may be uncomfortable or hazardous to all the dogs...

  20. 9 CFR 3.6 - Primary enclosures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... must be designed and constructed of suitable materials so that they are structurally sound. The primary... extreme temperatures and weather conditions that may be uncomfortable or hazardous to all the dogs...

  1. 6 CFR 9.41 - Secretary of Defense.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Secretary of Defense. 9.41 Section 9.41 Domestic....41 Secretary of Defense. (a) The Secretary of Defense may exempt, on a case-by-case basis, a covered... Congress immediately after making such a determination. (b) The Department of Defense may...

  2. 6 CFR 9.41 - Secretary of Defense.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Secretary of Defense. 9.41 Section 9.41 Domestic....41 Secretary of Defense. (a) The Secretary of Defense may exempt, on a case-by-case basis, a covered... Congress immediately after making such a determination. (b) The Department of Defense may...

  3. 6 CFR 9.41 - Secretary of Defense.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Secretary of Defense. 9.41 Section 9.41 Domestic....41 Secretary of Defense. (a) The Secretary of Defense may exempt, on a case-by-case basis, a covered... Congress immediately after making such a determination. (b) The Department of Defense may...

  4. 6 CFR 9.41 - Secretary of Defense.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Secretary of Defense. 9.41 Section 9.41 Domestic....41 Secretary of Defense. (a) The Secretary of Defense may exempt, on a case-by-case basis, a covered... Congress immediately after making such a determination. (b) The Department of Defense may...

  5. 6 CFR 9.41 - Secretary of Defense.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Secretary of Defense. 9.41 Section 9.41 Domestic....41 Secretary of Defense. (a) The Secretary of Defense may exempt, on a case-by-case basis, a covered... Congress immediately after making such a determination. (b) The Department of Defense may...

  6. 9 CFR 3.91 - Terminal facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Terminal facilities. 3.91 Section 3.91 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL... Animal Welfare regulations (9 CFR parts l, 2, and 3) must not commingle shipments of nonhuman...

  7. 9 CFR 3.91 - Terminal facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Terminal facilities. 3.91 Section 3.91 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL... Animal Welfare regulations (9 CFR parts l, 2, and 3) must not commingle shipments of nonhuman...

  8. Final report on the safety assessment of octoxynol-1, octoxynol-3, octoxynol-5, octoxynol-6, octoxynol-7, octoxynol-8, octoxynol-9, octoxynol-10, octoxynol-11, octoxynol-12, octoxynol-13, octoxynol-16, octoxynol-20, octoxynol-25, octoxynol-30, octoxynol-33, octoxynol-40, octoxynol-70, octoxynol-9 carboxylic acid, octoxynol-20 carboxylic acid, potassium octoxynol-12 phosphate, sodium octoxynol-2 ethane sulfonate, sodium octoxynol-2 sulfate, sodium octoxynol-6 sulfate, and sodium octoxynol-9 sulfate.

    PubMed

    Johnson, Wilbur

    2004-01-01

    autoimmune response in mice. In the Ames test, Octoxynol-1 was not mutagenic with and without metabolic activation nor was Octoxynol-9 clastogenic. Results for Octoxynol-9 were negative in the following assays: unscheduled DNA synthesis, hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyl transferase mutation assay, malignant transformation assay, DNA alkaline unwinding test, and mouse lymphoma thymidine kinase locus forward mutation assay. Ethoxylated alkylphenols are generally considered to be estrogenic in that they mimic the effects of estradiol. Dermal exposure at three dose levels of rats to Octoxynol-9 failed to induce any malformations by category (external, visceral, or skeletal) or by individual anatomical location that were different from controls at statistically significant level. An increased incidence of a vestigial thoracic rib was observed in all dose groups. Octoxynol-9 also did not induce developmental toxicity (number of viable litters, liveborn per litter, percentage survival, birth weight per pup, and weight gain per pup) in female specific pathogen-free CD-1 mice dosed daily by gavage on gestation days 6 through 13. No reproductive toxicity was seen in male albino rats which received 5% Octoxynol-40 in the diet daily for 3 months; however, in an in vitro test, Octoxynol-9 (0.24 mg/ml) totally immobilized all human spermatozoa within 20 s. Women who used Nonoxynol-9 or Octoxynol-9 as spermicides, but who did become pregnant, did not have an increase in the overall risk of fetal malformations. In a human skin irritation study, formulations containing 2.0% Octoxynol-9 were classified as moderately irritating and minimally irritating, respectively, in a 24-h single-insult, occlusive patch test. Octoxynol-9 (1.0%) was classified as a nonirritant in a clinical study of nine subjects patch tested for 4 consecutive days. The skin sensitization potential of Octoxynols-1, -3, -5, -9, and -13 was evaluated using 50 subjects. Octoxynol-1 induced sensitization in two subjects; all

  9. 9 CFR 3.104 - Space requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...** Antarctic Fur Seal 1.80 1.20 5.9 3.9 Arctocephalus tropicalis** Amsterdam Island Fur Seal 1.80 1.45 5.9 4.75... barriers (such as fences, rocks, or foliage) to provide relief from aggressive animals. (iii) Mixture of... sufficient visual barriers (such as fences, rocks, or foliage) to provide relief from aggressive animals....

  10. 9 CFR 3.104 - Space requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...** Antarctic Fur Seal 1.80 1.20 5.9 3.9 Arctocephalus tropicalis** Amsterdam Island Fur Seal 1.80 1.45 5.9 4.75... barriers (such as fences, rocks, or foliage) to provide relief from aggressive animals. (iii) Mixture of... sufficient visual barriers (such as fences, rocks, or foliage) to provide relief from aggressive animals....

  11. 9 CFR 3.104 - Space requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...** Antarctic Fur Seal 1.80 1.20 5.9 3.9 Arctocephalus tropicalis** Amsterdam Island Fur Seal 1.80 1.45 5.9 4.75... barriers (such as fences, rocks, or foliage) to provide relief from aggressive animals. (iii) Mixture of... sufficient visual barriers (such as fences, rocks, or foliage) to provide relief from aggressive animals....

  12. 9 CFR 3.104 - Space requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...** Antarctic Fur Seal 1.80 1.20 5.9 3.9 Arctocephalus tropicalis** Amsterdam Island Fur Seal 1.80 1.45 5.9 4.75... barriers (such as fences, rocks, or foliage) to provide relief from aggressive animals. (iii) Mixture of... sufficient visual barriers (such as fences, rocks, or foliage) to provide relief from aggressive animals....

  13. Crystal structure of 6,9-dimethyl-7H-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-b][1,2,4]triazepin-8(9H)-one 0.40-hydrate

    PubMed Central

    Harmaoui, Abdellah; Bouhfid, Rachid; Essassi, El Mokhtar; Saadi, Mohamed; El Ammari, Lahcen

    2015-01-01

    In the mol­ecule of the title compound, C7H9N5O·0.40H2O, the seven-membered heterocyclic ring exhibits a boat conformation, whereas the five-membered triazole ring is almost planar (r.m.s. deviation = 0.005 Å). In the crystal, centrosymmetric dimers are linked by pairs of C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds into dimers, which are further connected via O—H⋯N and C—H⋯N hydrogen bonds, forming a three-dimensional network. The structure contains a partially occupied water mol­ecule lying on a twofold axis with an occupancy factor of 0.4. PMID:25705477

  14. Crystal structure of 6,9-dimethyl-7H-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-b][1,2,4]triazepin-8(9H)-one 0.40-hydrate.

    PubMed

    Harmaoui, Abdellah; Bouhfid, Rachid; Essassi, El Mokhtar; Saadi, Mohamed; El Ammari, Lahcen

    2015-01-01

    In the mol-ecule of the title compound, C7H9N5O·0.40H2O, the seven-membered heterocyclic ring exhibits a boat conformation, whereas the five-membered triazole ring is almost planar (r.m.s. deviation = 0.005 Å). In the crystal, centrosymmetric dimers are linked by pairs of C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds into dimers, which are further connected via O-H⋯N and C-H⋯N hydrogen bonds, forming a three-dimensional network. The structure contains a partially occupied water mol-ecule lying on a twofold axis with an occupancy factor of 0.4.

  15. Modification of a new polymer photorecording material based on PMMA doped with 2,2-difluoro-4-(9-antracyl)-6-methyl-1,3,2-dioxaborine by ultrashort pulses

    SciTech Connect

    Kulchin, Yu N; Mayor, A Yu; Proschenko, D Yu; Zhizhchenko, A Yu; Golik, S S; Babiy, M Yu; Mirochnik, A G

    2015-05-31

    Specific features of modification of a new photorecording material based on PMMA doped with 2,2-difluoro-4-(9-antracyl)-6-methyl-1,3,2-dioxaborine are studied. The recording of the filament distribution in the studied material occurs at the expense of two-photon photochemical processes. The three-dimensional modification of the material is achieved in the filamentation regime without supercontinuum generation. It is possible to order the volume structure by preliminary photo-modification of the near-surface layer of the material. (extreme light fields and their applications)

  16. Photoimaging of the multiple filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses in poly(methyl methacrylate) doped with 2,2-difluoro-4-(9-anthracyl)-6-methyl-1,3,2-dioxaborine

    SciTech Connect

    Kulchin, Yu N; Vitrik, O B; Chekhlenok, A A; Zhizhchenko, A Yu; Proschenko, D Yu; Mirochnik, A G; Lyu Guohui

    2013-12-31

    We have studied the filamentation of femtosecond laser pulses (λ = 800 nm, ∼42 fs pulse duration) in poly(methyl methacrylate) doped with 2,2-difluoro-4-(9-anthracyl)-6-methyl-1,3,2- dioxaborine and the associated photomodification of the material. The results demonstrate that multiple filamentation occurs at pulse energies above 5 μJ. At a pulse energy of 1.5 mJ, it is accompanied by supercontinuum generation. The average filament length in PMMA is 9 mm and the filament diameter is ∼10 μm. An incident power density of ∼10{sup 12} W cm{sup -2} ensures inscription of the filament pattern owing to two-photon photochemical processes. Preliminary exposure to continuous light at λ = 400 nm enables an ordered filament pattern to be written. (interaction of laser radiation with matter)

  17. 9 CFR 145.6 - Specific provisions for participating hatcheries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... combination represented. (d) Eggs incubated should be sound in shell, typical for the breed, variety, strain... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Specific provisions for participating hatcheries. 145.6 Section 145.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION...

  18. 9 CFR 145.6 - Specific provisions for participating hatcheries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... combination represented. (d) Eggs incubated should be sound in shell, typical for the breed, variety, strain... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Specific provisions for participating hatcheries. 145.6 Section 145.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION...

  19. 9 CFR 145.6 - Specific provisions for participating hatcheries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... combination represented. (d) Eggs incubated should be sound in shell, typical for the breed, variety, strain... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Specific provisions for participating hatcheries. 145.6 Section 145.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION...

  20. 9 CFR 145.6 - Specific provisions for participating hatcheries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... combination represented. (d) Eggs incubated should be sound in shell, typical for the breed, variety, strain... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Specific provisions for participating hatcheries. 145.6 Section 145.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION...

  1. 9 CFR 145.6 - Specific provisions for participating hatcheries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... combination represented. (d) Eggs incubated should be sound in shell, typical for the breed, variety, strain... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Specific provisions for participating hatcheries. 145.6 Section 145.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION...

  2. 9 CFR 54.6 - Amount of indemnity payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Amount of indemnity payments. 54.6 Section 54.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... numbers of animals sold are too low to give an accurate market value, the preceding week or month's...

  3. 9 CFR 54.6 - Amount of indemnity payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Amount of indemnity payments. 54.6 Section 54.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... numbers of animals sold are too low to give an accurate market value, the preceding week or month's...

  4. 9 CFR 54.6 - Amount of indemnity payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Amount of indemnity payments. 54.6 Section 54.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... numbers of animals sold are too low to give an accurate market value, the preceding week or month's...

  5. 9 CFR 112.6 - Packaging biological products.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Packaging biological products. 112.6 Section 112.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PACKAGING AND...

  6. 9 CFR 112.6 - Packaging biological products.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Packaging biological products. 112.6 Section 112.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PACKAGING AND...

  7. 9 CFR 56.6 - Presentation of claims for indemnity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Presentation of claims for indemnity. 56.6 Section 56.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT... testing for H5/H7 LPAI; and (c) Compensation for the cost of cleaning and disinfection of...

  8. 9 CFR 56.6 - Presentation of claims for indemnity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Presentation of claims for indemnity. 56.6 Section 56.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT... testing for H5/H7 LPAI; and (c) Compensation for the cost of cleaning and disinfection of...

  9. 9 CFR 88.6 - Violations and penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Violations and penalties. 88.6 Section 88.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS...

  10. 9 CFR 88.6 - Violations and penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Violations and penalties. 88.6 Section 88.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS...

  11. 9 CFR 88.6 - Violations and penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Violations and penalties. 88.6 Section 88.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS...

  12. 9 CFR 88.6 - Violations and penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Violations and penalties. 88.6 Section 88.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS...

  13. 9 CFR 88.6 - Violations and penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Violations and penalties. 88.6 Section 88.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS...

  14. 9. SITE OVERVIEW. PART 4 OF 6 PART PANORAMA WITH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. SITE OVERVIEW. PART 4 OF 6 PART PANORAMA WITH NOS. CA-265-6 TO CA-265-11. ARROYO SECO PARKWAY AS SEEN FROM RADIO TOWER HILL. PART 4 SHOWS ARROYO SECO PARKWAY IN FOREGROUND AND FIGUEROA STREET AT CENTER. LOOKING 316° NW. - Arroyo Seco Parkway, Los Angeles to Pasadena, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

  15. 9 CFR 166.6 - Swine feeding area standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Swine feeding area standards. 166.6... AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.6 Swine feeding area standards. Untreated garbage shall not be allowed into swine feeding areas. Any equipment or...

  16. 9 CFR 166.6 - Swine feeding area standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Swine feeding area standards. 166.6... AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.6 Swine feeding area standards. Untreated garbage shall not be allowed into swine feeding areas. Any equipment or...

  17. 9 CFR 166.6 - Swine feeding area standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Swine feeding area standards. 166.6... AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.6 Swine feeding area standards. Untreated garbage shall not be allowed into swine feeding areas. Any equipment or...

  18. 9 CFR 166.6 - Swine feeding area standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Swine feeding area standards. 166.6... AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.6 Swine feeding area standards. Untreated garbage shall not be allowed into swine feeding areas. Any equipment or...

  19. 9 CFR 166.6 - Swine feeding area standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Swine feeding area standards. 166.6... AGRICULTURE SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION SWINE HEALTH PROTECTION General Provisions § 166.6 Swine feeding area standards. Untreated garbage shall not be allowed into swine feeding areas. Any equipment or...

  20. 9 CFR 311.6 - Diamond-skin disease.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Diamond-skin disease. 311.6 Section... CERTIFICATION DISPOSAL OF DISEASED OR OTHERWISE ADULTERATED CARCASSES AND PARTS § 311.6 Diamond-skin disease. Carcasses of hogs affected with diamond-skin disease when localized and not associated with systemic...

  1. 9 CFR 311.6 - Diamond-skin disease.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Diamond-skin disease. 311.6 Section... CERTIFICATION DISPOSAL OF DISEASED OR OTHERWISE ADULTERATED CARCASSES AND PARTS § 311.6 Diamond-skin disease. Carcasses of hogs affected with diamond-skin disease when localized and not associated with systemic...

  2. 9 CFR 311.6 - Diamond-skin disease.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Diamond-skin disease. 311.6 Section... CERTIFICATION DISPOSAL OF DISEASED OR OTHERWISE ADULTERATED CARCASSES AND PARTS § 311.6 Diamond-skin disease. Carcasses of hogs affected with diamond-skin disease when localized and not associated with systemic...

  3. 9 CFR 311.6 - Diamond-skin disease.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Diamond-skin disease. 311.6 Section... CERTIFICATION DISPOSAL OF DISEASED OR OTHERWISE ADULTERATED CARCASSES AND PARTS § 311.6 Diamond-skin disease. Carcasses of hogs affected with diamond-skin disease when localized and not associated with systemic...

  4. 9 CFR 311.6 - Diamond-skin disease.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Diamond-skin disease. 311.6 Section... CERTIFICATION DISPOSAL OF DISEASED OR OTHERWISE ADULTERATED CARCASSES AND PARTS § 311.6 Diamond-skin disease. Carcasses of hogs affected with diamond-skin disease when localized and not associated with systemic...

  5. 9 CFR 309.6 - Epithelioma of the eye.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Epithelioma of the eye. 309.6 Section... CERTIFICATION ANTE-MORTEM INSPECTION § 309.6 Epithelioma of the eye. Any animal found on ante-mortem inspection to be affected with epithelioma of the eye and the orbital region in which the eye has been...

  6. 9 CFR 309.6 - Epithelioma of the eye.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Epithelioma of the eye. 309.6 Section... CERTIFICATION ANTE-MORTEM INSPECTION § 309.6 Epithelioma of the eye. Any animal found on ante-mortem inspection to be affected with epithelioma of the eye and the orbital region in which the eye has been...

  7. 9 CFR 309.6 - Epithelioma of the eye.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Epithelioma of the eye. 309.6 Section... CERTIFICATION ANTE-MORTEM INSPECTION § 309.6 Epithelioma of the eye. Any animal found on ante-mortem inspection to be affected with epithelioma of the eye and the orbital region in which the eye has been...

  8. 9 CFR 309.6 - Epithelioma of the eye.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Epithelioma of the eye. 309.6 Section... CERTIFICATION ANTE-MORTEM INSPECTION § 309.6 Epithelioma of the eye. Any animal found on ante-mortem inspection to be affected with epithelioma of the eye and the orbital region in which the eye has been...

  9. 9 CFR 309.6 - Epithelioma of the eye.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Epithelioma of the eye. 309.6 Section... CERTIFICATION ANTE-MORTEM INSPECTION § 309.6 Epithelioma of the eye. Any animal found on ante-mortem inspection to be affected with epithelioma of the eye and the orbital region in which the eye has been...

  10. 9 CFR 54.6 - Amount of indemnity payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Amount of indemnity payments. 54.6 Section 54.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COOPERATIVE CONTROL AND ERADICATION OF LIVESTOCK OR POULTRY DISEASES CONTROL OF SCRAPIE...

  11. 9 CFR 355.6 - Review of applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Review of applications. 355.6 Section 355.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY... CERTIFICATION CERTIFIED PRODUCTS FOR DOGS, CATS, AND OTHER CARNIVORA; INSPECTION, CERTIFICATION,...

  12. 9 CFR 355.6 - Review of applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Review of applications. 355.6 Section 355.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY... CERTIFICATION CERTIFIED PRODUCTS FOR DOGS, CATS, AND OTHER CARNIVORA; INSPECTION, CERTIFICATION,...

  13. 9 CFR 355.6 - Review of applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Review of applications. 355.6 Section 355.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY... CERTIFICATION CERTIFIED PRODUCTS FOR DOGS, CATS, AND OTHER CARNIVORA; INSPECTION, CERTIFICATION,...

  14. 9 CFR 355.6 - Review of applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Review of applications. 355.6 Section 355.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY... CERTIFICATION CERTIFIED PRODUCTS FOR DOGS, CATS, AND OTHER CARNIVORA; INSPECTION, CERTIFICATION,...

  15. 9 CFR 355.6 - Review of applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Review of applications. 355.6 Section 355.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY... CERTIFICATION CERTIFIED PRODUCTS FOR DOGS, CATS, AND OTHER CARNIVORA; INSPECTION, CERTIFICATION,...

  16. 9 CFR 417.6 - Inadequate HACCP Systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Inadequate HACCP Systems. 417.6... REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS UNDER THE FEDERAL MEAT INSPECTION ACT AND THE POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT HAZARD ANALYSIS AND CRITICAL CONTROL POINT (HACCP) SYSTEMS § 417.6 Inadequate HACCP Systems. A HACCP system may...

  17. 9 CFR 53.6 - Disinfection of animals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Disinfection of animals. 53.6 Section 53.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... of animals. Animals of species not susceptible to the disease for which a quarantine has...

  18. 9 CFR 53.6 - Disinfection of animals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Disinfection of animals. 53.6 Section 53.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... of animals. Animals of species not susceptible to the disease for which a quarantine has...

  19. 9 CFR 117.6 - Removal of animals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Removal of animals. 117.6 Section 117.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS ANIMALS AT LICENSED...

  20. 9 CFR 53.6 - Disinfection of animals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Disinfection of animals. 53.6 Section 53.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... of animals. Animals of species not susceptible to the disease for which a quarantine has...

  1. 9 CFR 117.6 - Removal of animals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Removal of animals. 117.6 Section 117.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS ANIMALS AT LICENSED...

  2. 9 CFR 117.6 - Removal of animals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Removal of animals. 117.6 Section 117.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS ANIMALS AT LICENSED...

  3. 9 CFR 53.6 - Disinfection of animals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Disinfection of animals. 53.6 Section 53.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... of animals. Animals of species not susceptible to the disease for which a quarantine has...

  4. 9 CFR 117.6 - Removal of animals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Removal of animals. 117.6 Section 117.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS ANIMALS AT LICENSED...

  5. 9 CFR 117.6 - Removal of animals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Removal of animals. 117.6 Section 117.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS ANIMALS AT LICENSED...

  6. 9 CFR 53.6 - Disinfection of animals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Disinfection of animals. 53.6 Section 53.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... of animals. Animals of species not susceptible to the disease for which a quarantine has...

  7. 9 CFR 112.6 - Packaging biological products.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Packaging biological products. 112.6 Section 112.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PACKAGING AND...

  8. 9 CFR 104.6 - Products for transit shipment only.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Products for transit shipment only. 104.6 Section 104.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PERMITS...

  9. 9 CFR 112.6 - Packaging biological products.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Packaging biological products. 112.6 Section 112.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PACKAGING AND...

  10. 9 CFR 104.6 - Products for transit shipment only.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Products for transit shipment only. 104.6 Section 104.6 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PERMITS...

  11. 9 CFR 381.6 - Establishments requiring inspection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Establishments requiring inspection. 381.6 Section 381.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... to section 5(c) of the Act as one producing adulterated poultry products which would clearly...

  12. 9 CFR 381.6 - Establishments requiring inspection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Establishments requiring inspection. 381.6 Section 381.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... to section 5(c) of the Act as one producing adulterated poultry products which would clearly...

  13. 9 CFR 381.6 - Establishments requiring inspection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Establishments requiring inspection. 381.6 Section 381.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... to section 5(c) of the Act as one producing adulterated poultry products which would clearly...

  14. 9 CFR 381.6 - Establishments requiring inspection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Establishments requiring inspection. 381.6 Section 381.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... to section 5(c) of the Act as one producing adulterated poultry products which would clearly...

  15. 10 CFR 9.3 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Definitions. 9.3 Section 9.3 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY... the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, established by the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974. NRC personnel... members or a quorum thereof sitting as a body, as provided by section 201 of the Energy Reorganization...

  16. 9 CFR 3.141 - Terminal facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... such animal holding area is 23.9 °C. (75.°F.) or higher. The air temperature around any live animal in... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Terminal facilities. 3.141 Section 3.141 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...

  17. 9 CFR 3.141 - Terminal facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... such animal holding area is 23.9°C. (75.°F.) or higher. The air temperature around any live animal in... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Terminal facilities. 3.141 Section 3.141 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...

  18. 9 CFR 3.141 - Terminal facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... such animal holding area is 23.9°C. (75.°F.) or higher. The air temperature around any live animal in... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Terminal facilities. 3.141 Section 3.141 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...

  19. 9 CFR 3.141 - Terminal facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... such animal holding area is 23.9°C. (75.°F.) or higher. The air temperature around any live animal in... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Terminal facilities. 3.141 Section 3.141 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...

  20. 9 CFR 3.141 - Terminal facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... such animal holding area is 23.9 °C. (75.°F.) or higher. The air temperature around any live animal in... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Terminal facilities. 3.141 Section 3.141 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...

  1. 48 CFR 9.407-3 - Procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... opposition raises a genuine dispute over facts material to the suspension and if no determination has been... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procedures. 9.407-3 Section 9.407-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION ACQUISITION...

  2. 10 CFR 9.3 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Definitions. 9.3 Section 9.3 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY... the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, established by the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974. NRC personnel... members or a quorum thereof sitting as a body, as provided by section 201 of the Energy Reorganization...

  3. 10 CFR 9.3 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Definitions. 9.3 Section 9.3 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY... the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, established by the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974. NRC personnel... members or a quorum thereof sitting as a body, as provided by section 201 of the Energy Reorganization...

  4. 10 CFR 9.3 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Definitions. 9.3 Section 9.3 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY... the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, established by the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974. NRC personnel... members or a quorum thereof sitting as a body, as provided by section 201 of the Energy Reorganization...

  5. 10 CFR 9.3 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Definitions. 9.3 Section 9.3 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY... the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, established by the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974. NRC personnel... members or a quorum thereof sitting as a body, as provided by section 201 of the Energy Reorganization...

  6. 18 CFR 9.3 - Transfer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Transfer. 9.3 Section 9.3 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE FEDERAL POWER ACT TRANSFER OF LICENSE OR LEASE OF PROJECT...

  7. First Ground-Based Infrared Solar Absorption Measurements of Free Tropospheric Methanol (CH3OH): Multidecade Infrared Time Series from Kitt Peak (31.9 deg N 111.6 deg W): Trend, Seasonal Cycle, and Comparison with Previous Measurements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rinsland, Curtis P.; Mahieu, Emmanuel; Chiou, Linda; Herbin, Herve

    2009-01-01

    Atmospheric CH3OH (methanol) free tropospheric (2.09-14-km altitude) time series spanning 22 years has been analyzed on the basis of high-spectral resolution infrared solar absorption spectra of the strong n8 band recorded from the U.S. National Solar Observatory on Kitt Peak (latitude 31.9degN, 111.6degW, 2.09-km altitude) with a 1-m Fourier transform spectrometer (FTS). The measurements span October 1981 to December 2003 and are the first long time series of CH3OH measurements obtained from the ground. The results were analyzed with SFIT2 version 3.93 and show a factor of three variations with season, a maximum at the beginning of July, a winter minimum, and no statistically significant long-term trend over the measurement time span.

  8. First Ground-Based Infrared Solar Absorption Measurements of Free Tropospheric Methanol (CH3OH): Multidecade Infrared Time Series from Kitt Peak (31.9 deg N 111.6 deg W): Trend, Seasonal Cycle, and Comparison with Previous Measurements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rinsland, Curtis P.; Mahieu, Emmanuel; Chiou, Linda; Herbin, Herve

    2009-01-01

    Atmospheric CH3OH (methanol) free tropospheric (2.09-14-km altitude) time series spanning 22 years has been analyzed on the basis of high-spectral resolution infrared solar absorption spectra of the strong vs band recorded from the U.S. National Solar Observatory on Kitt Peak (latitude 31.9degN, 111.6degW, 2.09-km altitude) with a 1-m Fourier transform spectrometer (FTS). The measurements span October 1981 to December 2003 and are the first long time series of CH3OH measurements obtained from the ground. The results were analyzed with SFIT2 version 3.93 and show a factor of three variations with season, a maximum at the beginning of July, a winter minimum, and no statistically significant long-term trend over the measurement time span.

  9. Efficient Catalyst One-Pot Synthesis of 7-(Aryl)-10,10-dimethyl-10,11-dihydrochromeno[4,3-b]chromene-6,8(7H,9H)-dione Derivatives Complemented by Antibacterial Activity

    PubMed Central

    Al-Majedy, Yasameen K.; Kadhum, Abdul Amir H.; Mohamad, Abu Bakar

    2016-01-01

    The problem of bacteria resistance to many known agents has inspired scientists and researchers to discover novel efficient antibacterial drugs. Three rapid, clean, and highly efficient methods were developed for one-pot synthesis of 7-(aryl)-10,10-dimethyl-10,11-dihydrochromeno[4,3-b]chromene-6,8(7H,9H)-dione derivatives. Three components are condensed in the synthesis, 4-hydroxycoumarin, 5,5-dimethyl-1,3-cyclohexanedione, and aromatic aldehydes, using tetrabutylammonium bromide (TBAB), diammonium hydrogen phosphate (DAHP), or ferric chloride (FeCl3), respectively. Each method has different reaction mechanisms according to the catalyst. The present methods have advantages, including one-pot synthesis, excellent yields, short reaction times, and easy isolation of product. All catalysts utilized in our study could be reused several times without losing their catalytic efficiency. All synthesized compounds were fully characterized and evaluated for their antibacterial activity. PMID:27563671

  10. Crystal structure of (1R,3S,8R,11R)-11-acetyl-3,7,7-trimethyl-10-oxatri­cyclo­[6.4.0.01,3]dodecan-9-one

    PubMed Central

    Bismoussa, Abdoullah; Ait Itto, My Youssef; Daran, Jean-Claude; Auhmani, Abdelwahed; Auhmani, Aziz

    2015-01-01

    The title compound, C16H24O3, is built up from three fused rings, a six-membered, a seven-membered and a three-membered ring. The absolute configuration of the title compound was determined as (1R,3S,8R,11R) based on the synthetic pathway. The six-membered ring has an half-chair conformation whereas the seven-membered ring displays a boat conformation. In the cyrstal, C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds build up a two-dimensional network parallel to (0 0 1). The crystal studied was an inversion twin with a minor twin component of 34%. PMID:26870471

  11. Efficacy, tissue distribution and biliary excretion of methyl (3R*,5S*)-(E)-3,5-dihydroxy-9,9-diphenyl-6,8-nonadienoate (CP-83101), a hepatoselective inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase activity in the rat.

    PubMed

    Harwood, H J; Silva, M; Chandler, C E; Mikolay, L; Pellarin, L D; Barbacci-Tobin, E; Wint, L T; McCarthy, P A

    1990-09-15

    Methyl (3R*,5S*)-(E)-3,5-dihydroxy-9,9-diphenyl-6,8-nonadienoate, CP-83101, was identified as a potent competitive inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase activity, inhibiting enzyme activity in vitro with an IC50 of 8.5 +/- 0.7 microM and a Ki with respect to HMG-CoA of 2.6 microM. CP-83101 also inhibited rat hepatic sterol biosynthesis by 39 +/- 7% at a dose of 100 mg/kg. [3H]CP-83101, administered orally to rats, exhibited peak plasma levels at approximately 1 hr that declined thereafter with an apparent half-time of 2-3 hr. Peak tissue levels also occurred 1 hr following oral administration of [3H]CP-83101. The decline in radioactivity in the liver, however, was considerably slower than that noted in blood, whereas the half-life in non-hepatic tissues was approximately 1 hr. Liver/blood ratios of 14, and liver/lens ratios of greater than 3000, following oral administration of [3H]CP-83101, were similar to those previously reported for other HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, suggesting a high degree of tissue selectivity. In addition, liver/adrenal and liver/ovary ratios were approximately 1000 at all time points examined between 30 min and 24 hr following oral [3H]CP-83101 administration, indicating a high specificity for hepatic versus other steroidogenic tissues. Evaluation of intravenous versus oral administration of the water-soluble, free acid, sodium salt of [3H]CP-83101 in bile duct canulated rats indicated that approximately 20% of orally administered CP-83101 is absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, and that absorbed CP-83101 is cleared rapidly from the plasma via the liver and from the liver via the bile. In addition, several lines of evidence suggest that CP-83101 may undergo enterohepatic recirculation. Agents of this synthetic series may thus possess advantages over other HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors with respect to tissue kinetics and specificity.

  12. Serological comparison of antibodies to avian influenza viruses, subtypes H5N2, H6N1, H7N3 and H7N9 between poultry workers and non-poultry workers in Taiwan in 2012.

    PubMed

    Huang, S Y; Yang, J R; Lin, Y J; Yang, C H; Cheng, M C; Liu, M T; Wu, H S; Chang, F Y

    2015-10-01

    In Taiwan, avian influenza virus (AIV) subtypes H5N2, H6N1 and H7N3 have been identified in domestic poultry, and several strains of these subtypes have become endemic in poultry. To evaluate the potential of avian-to-human transmission due to occupational exposure, an exploratory analysis of AIV antibody status in poultry workers was conducted. We enrolled 670 poultry workers, including 335 live poultry vendors (LPVs), 335 poultry farmers (PFs), and 577 non-poultry workers (NPWs). Serum antibody titres against various subtypes of viruses were analysed and compared. The overall seropositivity rates in LPVs and PFs were 2·99% (10/335) and 1·79% (6/335), respectively, against H5N2; and 0·6% (2/335) and 1·19% (4/335), respectively, for H7N3 virus. Of NPWs, 0·35% (2/577) and 0·17% (1/577) were seropositive for H5N2 and H7N3, respectively. Geographical analysis revealed that poultry workers whose workplaces were near locations where H5N2 outbreaks in poultry have been reported face greater risks of being exposed to viruses that result in elevated H5N2 antibody titres. H6N1 antibodies were detected in only one PF, and no H7N9 antibodies were found in the study subjects. Subclinical infections caused by H5N2, H6N1 and H7N3 viruses were thus identified in poultry workers in Taiwan. Occupational exposure is associated with a high risk of AIV infection, and the seroprevalence of particular avian influenza strains in humans reflects the endemic strains in poultry in this region.

  13. Molecular Environments of Three Large Supernova Remnants in the Third Galactic Quadrant: G205.5+0.5, G206.9+2.3, and G213.0–0.6

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Su, Yang; Zhou, Xin; Yang, Ji; Chen, Xuepeng; Chen, Yang; Liu, Yi; Wang, Hongchi; Li, Chong; Zhang, Shaobo

    2017-02-01

    We present CO observations toward three large supernova remnants (SNRs) in the third Galactic quadrant using the Purple Mountain Observatory Delingha 13.7 m millimeter-wavelength telescope. The observations are part of the high-resolution CO survey of the Galactic plane between Galactic longitudes l=-10^\\circ to 250^\\circ and latitudes b=-5^\\circ to 5^\\circ . CO emission was detected toward the three SNRs: G205.5+0.5 (Monoceros Nebula), G206.9+2.3 (PKS 0646+06), and G213.0–0.6. Both SNRs G205.5+0.5 and G213.0–0.6 exhibit the morphological agreement (or spatial correspondences) between the remnant and the surrounding molecular clouds (MCs), as well as kinematic signatures of shock perturbation in the molecular gas. We confirm that the two SNRs are physically associated with their ambient MCs and the shock of SNRs is interacting with the dense, clumpy molecular gas. SNR G206.9+2.3, which is close to the northeastern edge of the Monoceros Nebula, displays the spatial coincidence with molecular partial shell structures at V LSR ∼ 15 km s‑1. While no significant line broadening has been detected within or near the remnant, the strong morphological correspondence between the SNR and the molecular cavity implies that SNR G206.9+2.3 is probably associated with the CO gas and is evolving in the low-density environment. The physical features of individual SNRs, together with the relationship between SNRs and their nearby objects, are also discussed.

  14. Retention of the Zn-Zn bond in [Ge9 Zn-ZnGe9 ](6-) and Formation of [(Ge9 Zn)-(Ge9 )-(ZnGe9 )](8-) and Polymeric 1∞ [-(Ge9 Zn)(2-) -]1.

    PubMed

    Mayer, Kerstin; Jantke, Laura-Alice; Schulz, Stephan; Fässler, Thomas F

    2017-02-20

    Reactions of Zn(I)2 L2 (where L=[HC(PPh2 NPh)](-) ) with solutions of the Zintl phase K4 Ge9 in liquid ammonia lead to retention of the Zn-Zn bond and formation of the anion [(η(4) -Ge9 )Zn-Zn(η(4) -Ge9 )](6-) , representing the first complex with a Zn-Zn unit carrying two cluster entities. The trimeric anion [(η(4) -Ge9 )Zn{μ2 (η(1) :η(1) Ge9 )}Zn(η(4) -Ge9 )](8-) forms as a side product, indicating that oxidation reactions also take place. The reaction of Zn2 Cp*2 (Cp*=1,2,3,4,5-pentamethylcyclopentadienyl) with K4 Ge9 in ethylenediamine yielded the linear polymeric unit 1∞ {[Zn[μ2 (η(4) :η(1) Ge9 )]}(2-) with the first head-to-tail arrangement of ten-atom closo-clusters. All anions were obtained and structurally characterized as [A(2.2.2-crypt)](+) salts (A=K, Rb). Copious computational analyses at a DFT-PBE0/def2-TZVPP/PCM level of theory confirm the experimental structures and support the stability of the two hypothetical ten vertex cluster fragments closo-[Ge9 Zn](2-) and (paramagnetic) [Ge9 Zn](3-) .

  15. Translational, vibrational, rotational enhancements and alignments of reactions H + ClF (v = 0-5, j = 0,3,6,9) → HCl + F and HF + Cl, at Erel = 0.5-20 kcal/mol

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Victor Wei-Keh, Chao(Wu

    2013-10-01

    Quasi-classical trajectory calculations of the title reactions H + ClF (v = 0-5, j = 0,3,6,9) → HCl + F and H + ClF (v = 0-5, j = 0,3,6,9) → HF + Cl at Erel = 0.5 kcal/mol-20 kcal/mol on ground potential energy surface DHTSN of 1 2A' [M. P. Deskevich, M. Y. Hayes, K. Takahashi, R. T. Skodje and D. J. Nesbitt, J. Chem. Phys. 124, 224303 (2006)] are performed. Potential energy surfaces derived from DHTSN for the title reactions are obtained, and compared with that of DHTSN for the reaction F + HCl → HF + Cl. Both potential energy surfaces have an early barrier pattern. Integral cross sections and alignments of product molecules HCl and HF dependent on the internal energy states v and j of reactant molecule ClF are obtained and compared. Translational, vibrational, and rotational energy specific translational enhancements of the reactant molecule ClF of the title reactions are found. Reaction mechanisms of the title reactions according to the respective potential energy contours are further found and explained. Reasons of simultaneous translational and vibrational enhancements are clarified.

  16. Influenza A virus surveillance in live-bird markets: first report of influenza A virus subtype H4N6, H4N9, and H10N3 in Thailand.

    PubMed

    Wisedchanwet, Trong; Wongpatcharachai, Manoosak; Boonyapisitsopa, Supanat; Bunpapong, Napawan; Jairak, Waleemas; Kitikoon, Pravina; Sasipreeyajun, Jiroj; Amonsin, Alongkorn

    2011-12-01

    A one-year influenza A survey was conducted in 10 live bird markets (LBMs) in H5N1 high-risk areas in Thailand from January to December 2009. The result from the survey showed that the occurrence of influenza A virus (IAV) in LBMs was 0.36% (19/5304). Three influenza A subtypes recovered from LBMs were H4N6 (n = 2), H4N9 (n = 1), and H10N3 (n = 16) from Muscovy ducks housed in one LBM in Bangkok. These influenza subtypes had never been reported in Thailand, and therefore such genetic diversity raises concern about potential genetic reassortment of the viruses in avian species in a particular setting. Two influenza A subtypes (H4N6 and H4N9) were isolated from oropharyngeal and cloacal swabs of the same duck, suggesting coinfection with two influenza subtypes and possible genetic reassortment in the bird. In addition, H10N3 infection in ducks housed in the same LBM was observed. These findings further support that LBMs are a potential source of IAV transmission and genetic reassortment.

  17. The contribution of a 9p21.3 variant, a KIF6 variant, and C-reactive protein to predicting risk of myocardial infarction in a prospective study

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Genetic risk factors might improve prediction of coronary events. Several variants at chromosome 9p21.3 have been widely reported to be associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) in prospective and case-control studies. A variant of KIF6 (719Arg) has also been reported to be associated with increased risk of CHD in large prospective studies, but not in case-control studies. We asked whether the addition of genetic information (the 9p21.3 or KIF6 variants) or a well-established non-genetic risk factor (C-reactive protein [CRP]) can improve risk prediction by the Framingham Risk Score (FRS) in the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS)--a prospective observational study of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among > 5,000 participants aged 65 or older. Methods Improvement of risk prediction was assessed by change in the area under the receiver-operator characteristic curve (AUC) and by net reclassification improvement (NRI). Results Among white participants the FRS was improved by addition of KIF6 719Arg carrier status among men as assessed by the AUC (from 0.581 to 0.596, P = 0.03) but not by NRI (NRI = 0.027, P = 0.32). Adding both CRP and 719Arg carrier status to the FRS improved risk prediction by the AUC (0.608, P = 0.02) and NRI (0.093, P = 0.008) in men, but not women (P ≥ 0.24). Conclusions While none of these risk markers individually or in combination improved risk prediction among women, a combination of KIF6 719Arg carrier status and CRP levels modestly improved risk prediction among white men; although this improvement is not significant after multiple-testing correction. These observations should be investigated in other prospective studies. PMID:21406102

  18. The Infrared Spectra of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons with Excess Peripheral H Atoms (Hn-PAHs) and their Relation to the 3.4 and 6.9 µm PAH Emission Features

    PubMed Central

    Sandford, Scott A.; Bernstein, Max P.; Materese, Christopher K.

    2015-01-01

    Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are likely responsible for the family of infrared emission features seen in a wide variety of astrophysical environments. A potentially important subclass of these materials are PAHs whose edges contain excess H atoms (Hn-PAHs). This type of compound may be present in space, but it has been difficult to assess this possibility because of a lack of suitable laboratory spectra to assist with analysis of astronomical data. We present 4000-500 cm−1 (2.5–20 µm) infrared spectra of 23 Hn-PAHs and related molecules isolated in argon matrices under conditions suitable for interpretation of astronomical data. Spectra of molecules with mixed aromatic and aliphatic domains show characteristics that distinguish them from fully aromatic PAH equivalents. Two major changes occur as PAHs become more hydrogenated: (1) aromatic C-H stretching bands near 3.3 µm weaken and are replaced with stronger aliphatic bands near 3.4 µm, and (2) aromatic C-H out-of-plane bending mode bands in the 11–15 µm region shift and weaken concurrent with growth of a strong aliphatic -CH2-deformation mode near 6.9 µm. Implications for interpreting astronomical spectra are discussed with emphasis on the 3.4 and 6.9 µm features. Laboratory data is compared with emission spectra from IRAS 21282+5050, an object with normal PAH emission features, and IRAS 22272+5435 and IRAS 0496+3429, two protoplanetary nebulae with abnormally large 3.4 µm features. We show that ‘normal’ PAH emission objects contain relatively few Hn-PAHs in their emitter populations, but less evolved protoplanetary nebulae may contain significant abundances of these molecules. PMID:26435553

  19. The Infrared Spectra of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons with Excess Peripheral H Atoms (Hn-PAHs) and their Relation to the 3.4 and 6.9 µm PAH Emission Features.

    PubMed

    Sandford, Scott A; Bernstein, Max P; Materese, Christopher K

    Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are likely responsible for the family of infrared emission features seen in a wide variety of astrophysical environments. A potentially important subclass of these materials are PAHs whose edges contain excess H atoms (Hn-PAHs). This type of compound may be present in space, but it has been difficult to assess this possibility because of a lack of suitable laboratory spectra to assist with analysis of astronomical data. We present 4000-500 cm(-1) (2.5-20 µm) infrared spectra of 23 Hn-PAHs and related molecules isolated in argon matrices under conditions suitable for interpretation of astronomical data. Spectra of molecules with mixed aromatic and aliphatic domains show characteristics that distinguish them from fully aromatic PAH equivalents. Two major changes occur as PAHs become more hydrogenated: (1) aromatic C-H stretching bands near 3.3 µm weaken and are replaced with stronger aliphatic bands near 3.4 µm, and (2) aromatic C-H out-of-plane bending mode bands in the 11-15 µm region shift and weaken concurrent with growth of a strong aliphatic -CH2-deformation mode near 6.9 µm. Implications for interpreting astronomical spectra are discussed with emphasis on the 3.4 and 6.9 µm features. Laboratory data is compared with emission spectra from IRAS 21282+5050, an object with normal PAH emission features, and IRAS 22272+5435 and IRAS 0496+3429, two protoplanetary nebulae with abnormally large 3.4 µm features. We show that 'normal' PAH emission objects contain relatively few Hn-PAHs in their emitter populations, but less evolved protoplanetary nebulae may contain significant abundances of these molecules.

  20. THE INFRARED SPECTRA OF POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS WITH EXCESS PERIPHERAL H ATOMS (H {sub n} -PAHs) AND THEIR RELATION TO THE 3.4 AND 6.9 {mu}m PAH EMISSION FEATURES

    SciTech Connect

    Sandford, Scott A.; Bernstein, Max P.; Materese, Christopher K.

    2013-03-01

    Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are likely responsible for the family of infrared emission features seen in a wide variety of astrophysical environments. A potentially important subclass of these materials are PAHs whose edges contain excess H atoms (H {sub n} -PAHs). This type of compound may be present in space, but it has been difficult to assess this possibility because of a lack of suitable laboratory spectra to assist with analysis of astronomical data. We present 4000-500 cm{sup -1} (2.5-20 {mu}m) infrared spectra of 23 H {sub n} -PAHs and related molecules isolated in argon matrices under conditions suitable for interpretation of astronomical data. Spectra of molecules with mixed aromatic and aliphatic domains show characteristics that distinguish them from fully aromatic PAH equivalents. Two major changes occur as PAHs become more hydrogenated: (1) aromatic C-H stretching bands near 3.3 {mu}m weaken and are replaced with stronger aliphatic bands near 3.4 {mu}m, and (2) aromatic C-H out-of-plane bending mode bands in the 11-15 {mu}m region shift and weaken concurrent with growth of a strong aliphatic -CH{sub 2}- deformation mode near 6.9 {mu}m. Implications for interpreting astronomical spectra are discussed with emphasis on the 3.4 and 6.9 {mu}m features. Laboratory data is compared with emission spectra from IRAS 21282+5050, an object with normal PAH emission features, and IRAS 22272+5435 and IRAS 0496+3429, two protoplanetary nebulae with abnormally large 3.4 {mu}m features. We show that 'normal' PAH emission objects contain relatively few H {sub n} -PAHs in their emitter populations, but less evolved protoplanetary nebulae may contain significant abundances of these molecules.

  1. MF498 [N-{[4-(5,9-Diethoxy-6-oxo-6,8-dihydro-7H-pyrrolo[3,4-g]quinolin-7-yl)-3-methylbenzyl]sulfonyl}-2-(2-methoxyphenyl)acetamide], a selective E prostanoid receptor 4 antagonist, relieves joint inflammation and pain in rodent models of rheumatoid and osteoarthritis.

    PubMed

    Clark, Patsy; Rowland, Steven E; Denis, Danielle; Mathieu, Marie-Claude; Stocco, Rino; Poirier, Hugo; Burch, Jason; Han, Yongxin; Audoly, Laurent; Therien, Alex G; Xu, Daigen

    2008-05-01

    Previous evidence has implicated E prostanoid receptor 4 (EP4) in mechanical hyperalgesia induced by subplantar inflammation. However, its role in chronic arthritis remains to be further defined because previous attempts have generated two conflicting lines of evidence, with one showing a marked reduction of arthritis induced by a collagen antibody in mice lacking EP4, but not EP1-EP3, and the other showing no impact of EP4 antagonism on arthritis induced by collagen. Here, we assessed the effect of a novel and selective EP4 antagonist MF498 [N-{[4-(5,9-diethoxy-6-oxo-6,8-dihydro-7H-pyrrolo[3,4-g]quinolin-7-yl)-3-methylbenzyl]sulfonyl}-2-(2-methoxyphenyl)acetamide] on inflammation in adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA), a rat model for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and joint pain in a guinea pig model of iodoacetate-induced osteoarthritis (OA). In the AIA model, MF498, but not the antagonist for EP1, MF266-1 [1-(5-{3-[2-(benzyloxy)-5-chlorophenyl]-2-thienyl}pyridin-3-yl)-2,2,2-trifluoroethane-1,1-diol] or EP3 MF266-3 [(2E)-N-[(5-bromo-2-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl]-3-[5-chloro-2-(2-naphthylmethyl)phenyl]acrylamide], inhibited inflammation, with a similar efficacy as a selective cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) inhibitor MF-tricyclic. In addition, MF498 was as effective as an nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, diclofenac, or a selective microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1 inhibitor, MF63 [2-(6-chloro-1H-phenanthro[9,10-d]imidazol-2-yl)isophthalonitrile], in relieving OA-like pain in guinea pigs. When tested in rat models of gastrointestinal toxicity, the EP4 antagonist was well tolerated, causing no mucosal leakage or erosions. Lastly, we evaluated the renal effect of MF498 in a furosemide-induced diuresis model and demonstrated that the compound displayed a similar renal effect as MF-tricyclic [3-(3,4-difluorophenyl)-4-(4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl)-2-(5H)-furanone], reducing furosemide-induced natriuresis by approximately 50%. These results not only suggest that EP4 is the major EP

  2. Asymmetry in the N-inversion of heteroarene imines: pyrimidin-4(3H)-imine, pyridin-2(1H)-imine, and 1H-purine-6(9H)-imine.

    PubMed

    Glaser, Rainer; Yin, Jian; Miller, Stephanie

    2010-02-19

    The uncatalyzed, thermal N-inversion reactions were studied of pyrimidin-4(3H)-imine (PMI), pyridin-2(1H)-imine (PYI), and 1H-purine-6(9H)-imine (PUI). Relevant regions of the potential energy surfaces were explored with second-order Moller-Plesset perturbation theory (MP2(full)/6-31G(d)) and with coupled cluster theory (CCSD/6-31G(d), CCSD/6-31+G(d)). The thermochemistry of stationary structures was evaluated at the MP2 level and their energies also were computed at the levels CCSD(T)/6-311+G(d,p) and CCSD(T)/6-311+G(2df,2p) and with structures optimized at lower CCSD levels. The best estimates for the (E)-preference free enthalpies DeltaG(298)(Z vs. E) are 2.6 (PMI), 2.3 (PYI), and 6.0 (PUI) kcal/mol and for the free enthalpies of activation DeltaG(298)(Z --> E) they are 21.6 (PMI), 21.1 (PYI) and 19.7 (PUI) kcal/mol. Nonplanar N-inversion transition state (ITS) structures occur along enantiomeric reaction paths and stationary structures for in-plane N-inversion correspond to second-order saddle points (SOSP) on the potential energy surface. The deformation energy DeltaE(def) = E(SOSP) - E(ITS) is less than 0.5 kcal/mol for PMI and PUI, but it is as high as DeltaE(def) approximately = 2 kcal/mol for PYI. The detailed study of structures and electronic structures along the entire N-inversion path of the isomerization (Z)-PMI <==> (E)-PMI revealed a remarkable stabilization due to asymmetry in the ascent region from the (E)-isomer to ITS. Structures in this region of the potential energy surface allow best for additional bonding overlaps in the HOMO, and this amidine effect predicts lower N-inversion barriers in analogous imines with (Z)-preference energies. The discussion of the halogen-bonded aggregate PMI x ClCH(3) exemplifies that the asymmetry in N-inversion paths is retained and perhaps even enhanced in chlorinated solvents of low polarity.

  3. Role of genetic polymorphisms of CYP1A1, CYP3A5, CYP2C9, CYP2D6, and PON1 in the modulation of DNA damage in workers occupationally exposed to organophosphate pesticides

    SciTech Connect

    Singh, Satyender; Kumar, Vivek; Vashisht, Kapil; Singh, Priyanka; Banerjee, Basu Dev; Rautela, Rajender Singh; Grover, Shyam Sunder; Rawat, Devendra Singh; Pasha, Syed Tazeen; Jain, Sudhir Kumar; Rai, Arvind

    2011-11-15

    Organophosphate pesticides (OPs) are primarily metabolized by several xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes (XMEs). Very few studies have explored genetic polymorphisms of XMEs and their association with DNA damage in pesticide-exposed workers. The present study was designed to determine the role of genetic polymorphisms of CYP1A1, CYP3A5, CYP2C9, CYP2D6, and PON1 in the modulation of DNA damage in workers occupationally exposed to OPs. We examined 284 subjects including 150 workers occupationally exposed to OPs and 134 normal healthy controls. The DNA damage was evaluated using the alkaline comet assay and genotyping was done using PCR-RFLP. The results revealed that the PONase activity toward paraoxonase and AChE activity was found significantly lowered in workers as compared to control subjects (p < 0.001). Workers showed significantly higher DNA damage compared to control subjects (14.37 {+-} 2.15 vs. 6.24 {+-} 1.37 tail% DNA, p < 0.001). Further, the workers with CYP2D6*3 PM and PON1 (QQ and MM) genotypes were found to have significantly higher DNA damage when compared to other genotypes (p < 0.05). In addition, significant increase in DNA damage was also observed in workers with concomitant presence of certain CYP2D6 and PON1 (Q192R and L55M) genotypes which need further extensive studies. In conclusion, the results indicate that the PON1 and CYP2D6 genotypes can modulate DNA damage elicited by some OPs possibly through gene-environment interactions. -- Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Role of CYP1A1, CYP3A5, CYP2C, CYP2D6 and PON1 genotypes on DNA damage. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Workers exposed to some OPs demonstrated increased DNA damage. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer CYP2D6 *3 PM and PON1 (Q192R and L55M) genotypes are associated with DNA damage. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Concomitant presence of certain CYP2D6 and PON1 genotypes can increase DNA damage.

  4. Scanning tunneling microscopy and tunneling spectroscopy of nano-structured H6P2MoxW(18-x)O62 (x = 0, 3, 9, 15, 18) Wells-Dawson heteropolyacids.

    PubMed

    Choi, Jung Ho; Park, Dong Ryul; Park, Sunyoung; Song, In Kyu

    2011-07-01

    Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and tunneling spectroscopy studies of nano-structured H6P2MoxW(18-x)O62 (x = 0, 3, 9, 15, 18) Wells-Dawson heteropolyacids (HPAs) were carried out to examine redox properties of the HPAs. STM images of H6P2MoxW(18-x)O62 HPAs clearly showed self-assembled and well-ordered 2-dimensional arrays on graphite surface. Tunneling spectroscopy measurements revealed that all H6P2MoxW(18-x)O62 HPAs exhibited a negative differential resistance (NDR) behavior in their tunneling spectra. NDR peak voltage of H6P2MoxW(18-x)O62 HPAs appeared at less negative applied voltage with increasing molybdenum substitution. Reduction potential of H6P2MoxW(18-x)O62 HPAs measured by an electrochemical method increased and absorption edge energy determined by UV-visible spectroscopy shifted to lower value with increasing molybdenum substitution. In other words, NDR peak voltage of H6P2MoxW(18-x)O62 HPAs appeared at less negative applied voltage with increasing reduction potential and with decreasing absorption edge energy of the HPAs; more reducible H6P2MoxW(18-x)O62 HPAs showed NDR behavior at less negative applied voltage. These results indicate that NDR peak voltage of nano-structured HPAs measured by STM could be utilized as a correlating parameter for the redox properties of bulk HPAs.

  5. Measurement of the Heterocyclic Amines 2-Amino-9H-pyrido[2,3-b]indole and 2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine in Urine: Effects of Cigarette Smoking

    PubMed Central

    Konorev, Dmitri; Koopmeiners, Joseph S.; Tang, Yijin; Franck Thompson, Elizabeth A.; Jensen, Joni A.; Hatsukami, Dorothy K.; Turesky, Robert J.

    2015-01-01

    2-Amino-9H-pyrido[2,3-b]indole (AαC) and 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) are carcinogenic heterocyclic aromatic amines (HAAs) formed during the combustion of tobacco and during the high-temperature cooking of meats. Human enzymes biotransform AαC and PhIP into reactive metabolites, which can bind to DNA and lead to mutations. We sought to understand the relative contribution of smoking and diet to the exposure of AαC and PhIP, by determining levels of AαC, its ring-oxidized conjugate 2-amino-9H-pyrido[2,3-b]indole-3-yl sulfate (AαC-3-OSO3H), and PhIP in urine of smokers on a free-choice diet before and after a six week tobacco smoking cessation study. AαC and AαC-3-OSO3H were detected in more than 90% of the urine samples of all subjects during the smoking phase. The geometric mean levels of urinary AαC during the smoking and cessation phases were 24.3 pg/mg creatinine and 3.2 pg/mg creatinine, and the geometric mean levels of AαC-3-OSO3H were 47.3 pg/mg creatinine and 3.7 pg/mg creatinine. These decreases in the mean levels of AαC and AαC-3-OSO3H were, respectively, 87% and 92%, after the cessation of tobacco (P < 0.0007). However, PhIP was detected in < 10% of the urine samples, and the exposure to PhIP was not correlated to smoking. Epidemiological studies have reported that smoking is a risk factor for cancer of the liver and gastrointestinal tract. It is noteworthy that AαC is a hepatocellular carcinogen and induces aberrant crypt foci, early biomarkers of colon cancer, in rodents. Our urinary biomarker data demonstrate that tobacco smoking is a significant source of AαC exposure. Further studies are warranted to examine the potential role of AαC as a risk factor for hepatocellular and gastrointestinal cancer in smokers. PMID:26574651

  6. Expression of LEKTI domains 6-9' in the baculovirus expression system: recombinant LEKTI domains 6-9' inhibit trypsin and subtilisin A.

    PubMed

    Jayakumar, Arumugam; Kang, Ya'an; Mitsudo, Kenji; Henderson, Ying; Frederick, Mitchell J; Wang, Mary; El-Naggar, Adel K; Marx, Ute C; Briggs, Katrina; Clayman, Gary L

    2004-05-01

    The precursor lympho-epithelial Kazal-type-related inhibitor (LEKTI), containing two Kazal-type and 13 nonKazal-type domains, is an efficient inhibitor of multiple serine proteinases, among them plasmin, subtilisin A, cathepsin G, elastase, and trypsin. To gain insight into the structure and function of some of these domains, a portion of the cDNA coding for LEKTI domains 6-9' was cloned and expressed in Sf9 cells using the baculovirus expression vector system (BEVS). Through a single purification step using a Co2+ column, 3-4 mg of purified recombinant LEKTI-domains 6-9' (rLEKTI6-9') with the predicted molecular mass of 34.6 kDa was obtained from the cell pellet of a 1-L culture. Unlike full-length LEKTI, rLEKTI6-9' inhibited trypsin and subtilisin A but not plasmin, cathepsin G, or elastase. The inhibition of trypsin and subtilisin A by rLEKTI6-9' occurred through a noncompetitive mechanism, with inhibitory constants (Ki) of 356 +/- 12 and 193 +/- 10 nM, respectively. On the basis of the Ki values, rLEKTI6-9' was determined to be a more potent trypsin inhibitor and a less potent subtilisin A inhibitor than the full-length LEKTI. In contrast to LEKTI domains 6-9', recombinant LEKTI domain 6 does not inhibit subtilisin A but competitively inhibited trypsin with a Ki of 200 +/- 10 nM. Taking LEKTI6-9' as an example, the BEVS should facilitate the structure-function analysis of naturally occurring processed LEKTI forms that have physiological relevance.

  7. Tautomeric purine forms of 2-amino-6-chloropurine (N9H10 and N7H10): Structures, vibrational assignments, NBO analysis, hyperpolarizability, HOMO-LUMO study using B3 based density functional calculations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Balachandran, V.; Parimala, K.

    2012-10-01

    Two purine tautomers of 2-amino-6-chloropurine (ACP), in labeled as N9H10 and N7H10, were investigated by vibrational spectroscopy and quantum chemical method. The FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra of ACP have been recorded in the regions 4000-400 cm-1 and 3500-100 cm-1, respectively. The measured spectra were interpreted by aid of a normal coordinate analysis following DFT full geometry optimization and vibrational frequency calculations at B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level. First-order hyperpolarizability, HOMO and LUMO energies were calculated at same level of theory. The calculated molecular geometry has been compared with the X-ray data. The observed and calculated frequencies were found in good agreement. The obtained NBO data and second-order perturbation energy values to elucidate the Lewis and non-Lewis types of bonding structures in the purine tautomer N9H10, have indicated the presence of an intramolecular hyperconjucative interaction between lone pair N and N-C bond orbital.

  8. Tautomeric purine forms of 2-amino-6-chloropurine (N9H10 and N7H10): structures, vibrational assignments, NBO analysis, hyperpolarizability, HOMO-LUMO study using B3 based density functional calculations.

    PubMed

    Balachandran, V; Parimala, K

    2012-10-01

    Two purine tautomers of 2-amino-6-chloropurine (ACP), in labeled as N(9)H(10) and N(7)H(10), were investigated by vibrational spectroscopy and quantum chemical method. The FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra of ACP have been recorded in the regions 4000-400 cm(-1) and 3500-100 cm(-1), respectively. The measured spectra were interpreted by aid of a normal coordinate analysis following DFT full geometry optimization and vibrational frequency calculations at B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level. First-order hyperpolarizability, HOMO and LUMO energies were calculated at same level of theory. The calculated molecular geometry has been compared with the X-ray data. The observed and calculated frequencies were found in good agreement. The obtained NBO data and second-order perturbation energy values to elucidate the Lewis and non-Lewis types of bonding structures in the purine tautomer N(9)H(10), have indicated the presence of an intramolecular hyperconjucative interaction between lone pair N and N-C bond orbital.

  9. Intracellular signaling modifications involved in the anti-inflammatory effect of 4-alkoxy-6,9-dichloro[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalines on macrophages.

    PubMed

    Ruiz-Alcaraz, Antonio J; Tristán-Manzano, María; Guirado, Antonio; Gálvez, Jesús; Martínez-Esparza, María; García-Peñarrubia, Pilar

    2017-03-01

    Inflammation is part of a complex biological response directed by the immune system to fight pathogens and maintain homeostasis. Dysregulation of the inflammatory process leads to development of chronic inflammatory or autoimmune diseases. Several cell types, such as macrophages, and cytokines such as interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) are involved in the regulation of inflammation. The important role played by these cytokines as mediators of the inflammatory process and the side effects of current therapies have promoted the search of new therapeutic alternatives. Quinoxalines are important compounds allowing a wide range of chemical modifications in order to provide an extensive repertoire of biological activities. We have previously shown that a series of 4-alkoxy-6,9-dichloro[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalines exhibit potent anti-inflammatory activity, inhibiting the production of TNF-α and IL-6. Our aim here was to study the mechanism thereby this series of compounds act upon different intracellular signaling pathways to uncover their potential molecular targets. By using immunoblotting assays, we found that these compounds inhibit ERK 1/2 and JNK/c-Jun cascades, and reduce c-Fos expression, while activate the anti-inflammatory PI3K/Akt route. These results provide further information on their effect upon the intracellular signal transduction mechanisms leading to inhibition of TNF-α and IL-6 secretion. Our results may be of great interest for the pharmaceutical industry, and could be used as a starting point for the development of new and more potent anti-inflammatory drugs derived from the quinoxaline core.

  10. 36 CFR 9.3 - Access permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... MANAGEMENT Mining and Mining Claims § 9.3 Access permits. (a) All special use or other permits dealing with... permits in accordance with these regulations, unless access to a mining claim is by pack animal or...

  11. 36 CFR 9.3 - Access permits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... MANAGEMENT Mining and Mining Claims § 9.3 Access permits. (a) All special use or other permits dealing with... permits in accordance with these regulations, unless access to a mining claim is by pack animal or...

  12. 32 CFR 9.3 - Jurisdiction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... MILITARY COMMISSIONS OF CERTAIN NON-UNITED STATES CITIZENS IN THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM § 9.3 Jurisdiction... jurisdiction over violations of the laws of war and all other offenses triable by military commission....

  13. 32 CFR 9.3 - Jurisdiction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... MILITARY COMMISSIONS OF CERTAIN NON-UNITED STATES CITIZENS IN THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM § 9.3 Jurisdiction... jurisdiction over violations of the laws of war and all other offenses triable by military commission....

  14. 32 CFR 9.3 - Jurisdiction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... MILITARY COMMISSIONS OF CERTAIN NON-UNITED STATES CITIZENS IN THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM § 9.3 Jurisdiction... jurisdiction over violations of the laws of war and all other offenses triable by military commission....

  15. 32 CFR 9.3 - Jurisdiction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... MILITARY COMMISSIONS OF CERTAIN NON-UNITED STATES CITIZENS IN THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM § 9.3 Jurisdiction... jurisdiction over violations of the laws of war and all other offenses triable by military commission....

  16. 32 CFR 9.3 - Jurisdiction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... MILITARY COMMISSIONS OF CERTAIN NON-UNITED STATES CITIZENS IN THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM § 9.3 Jurisdiction... jurisdiction over violations of the laws of war and all other offenses triable by military commission....

  17. New polymorphs of Ru{sup III}P{sub 3}O{sub 9}: Cyclo-hexaphosphate Ru{sub 2}P{sub 6}O{sub 18} and metaphosphate Ru(PO{sub 3}){sub 3} with a novel structure

    SciTech Connect

    Fukuoka, Hiroshi; Imoto, Hideo; Saito, Taro

    1995-10-01

    Two new polymorphs of ruthenium phosphate with RuP{sub 3}O{sub 9} composition were prepared and their crystal structures were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. They are cyclo-hexaphosphate Ru{sub 2}P{sub 6}O{sub 18} and metaphosphate Ru(PO{sub 3}){sub 3}. Ru{sub 2}P{sub 6}O{sub 18} crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P2{sub 1}/c with a = 6.292(2) {angstrom}, b = 15.276(2) {angstrom}, c = 8.365(2) {angstrom}, {beta} = 106.54(2){degrees}, contains cyclo-hexaphosphate rings stacking obliquely along the [100] direction and is isotypic with B-form cyclo-phosphates. Ru(PO{sub 3}){sub 3} has a novel structure and crystallizes in the triclinic space group P1 with a = 6.957(1) {angstrom}, b = 10.324(2) {angstrom},c = 5.030(1) {angstrom}, {alpha} = 92.45(2){degrees}, {beta} = 92.31(2){degrees}, {gamma} = 98.61(1){degrees}, V = 356.5(1) {angstrom}{sup 3}, [PO{sub 3}{sup -}]{sub {infinity}} chains is different from that in the C-form Ru(PO{sub 3}){sub 3}. While the chains in the C-form consisting of PO{sub 3}-O-PO{sub 3} units are condensed in nearly staggered configurations, the units in the new phosphate are eclipsed.

  18. Sea Turtles: An Auditorium Program, Grades 6-9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Aquarium in Baltimore, MD. Dept. of Education.

    The National Aquarium in Baltimore's sea turtle auditorium program introduces students in grades 6-9 to the seven (or eight, depending on which expert is consulted) species of sea turtles alive today. The program, which includes slides, films, artifacts, and discussion, focuses on sea turtle biology and conservation. This booklet covers most of…

  19. 9 CFR 11.6 - Inspection space and facility requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Inspection space and facility..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL WELFARE HORSE PROTECTION REGULATIONS § 11.6 Inspection space and facility... Tennessee Walking Horses or racking horses, shall provide, without fee, sufficient space and facilities...

  20. 9 CFR 11.6 - Inspection space and facility requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Inspection space and facility..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL WELFARE HORSE PROTECTION REGULATIONS § 11.6 Inspection space and facility... Tennessee Walking Horses or racking horses, shall provide, without fee, sufficient space and facilities...

  1. 9 CFR 104.6 - Products for transit shipment only.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Products for transit shipment only... BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 104.6 Products for transit shipment only. An application for a permit for Transit... to transit the United States on the same carrier on which it arrived. If the shipment is to...

  2. 9 CFR 104.6 - Products for transit shipment only.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Products for transit shipment only... BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 104.6 Products for transit shipment only. An application for a permit for Transit... to transit the United States on the same carrier on which it arrived. If the shipment is to...

  3. 9 CFR 104.6 - Products for transit shipment only.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Products for transit shipment only... BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 104.6 Products for transit shipment only. An application for a permit for Transit... to transit the United States on the same carrier on which it arrived. If the shipment is to...

  4. 44 CFR 9.6 - Decision-making process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL FLOODPLAIN MANAGEMENT AND PROTECTION OF WETLANDS § 9.6 Decision-making process. (a) Purpose. The purpose of this section is to set out the floodplain management and wetlands... the decision-making process was initially designed to address the floodplain Order's requirements,...

  5. 44 CFR 9.6 - Decision-making process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL FLOODPLAIN MANAGEMENT AND PROTECTION OF WETLANDS § 9.6 Decision-making process. (a) Purpose. The purpose of this section is to set out the floodplain management and wetlands... the decision-making process was initially designed to address the floodplain Order's requirements,...

  6. 44 CFR 9.6 - Decision-making process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL FLOODPLAIN MANAGEMENT AND PROTECTION OF WETLANDS § 9.6 Decision-making process. (a) Purpose. The purpose of this section is to set out the floodplain management and wetlands... the decision-making process was initially designed to address the floodplain Order's requirements,...

  7. 44 CFR 9.6 - Decision-making process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL FLOODPLAIN MANAGEMENT AND PROTECTION OF WETLANDS § 9.6 Decision-making process. (a) Purpose. The purpose of this section is to set out the floodplain management and wetlands... the decision-making process was initially designed to address the floodplain Order's requirements,...

  8. 44 CFR 9.6 - Decision-making process.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL FLOODPLAIN MANAGEMENT AND PROTECTION OF WETLANDS § 9.6 Decision-making process. (a) Purpose. The purpose of this section is to set out the floodplain management and wetlands... the decision-making process was initially designed to address the floodplain Order's requirements,...

  9. 9 CFR 202.106 - Rule 6: Answer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Rule 6: Answer. 202.106 Section 202.106 Animals and Animal Products GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARDS ADMINISTRATION (PACKERS AND.... (b) Required contents. If a respondent desires to make a defense, the answer of such person...

  10. 9 CFR 202.106 - Rule 6: Answer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Rule 6: Answer. 202.106 Section 202.106 Animals and Animal Products GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARDS ADMINISTRATION (PACKERS AND.... (b) Required contents. If a respondent desires to make a defense, the answer of such person...

  11. 9 CFR 202.106 - Rule 6: Answer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Rule 6: Answer. 202.106 Section 202.106 Animals and Animal Products GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARDS ADMINISTRATION (PACKERS AND.... (b) Required contents. If a respondent desires to make a defense, the answer of such person...

  12. 9 CFR 202.106 - Rule 6: Answer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Rule 6: Answer. 202.106 Section 202.106 Animals and Animal Products GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARDS ADMINISTRATION (PACKERS AND.... (b) Required contents. If a respondent desires to make a defense, the answer of such person...

  13. 9 CFR 202.106 - Rule 6: Answer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Rule 6: Answer. 202.106 Section 202.106 Animals and Animal Products GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARDS ADMINISTRATION (PACKERS AND.... (b) Required contents. If a respondent desires to make a defense, the answer of such person...

  14. 9 CFR 11.6 - Inspection space and facility requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Inspection space and facility..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL WELFARE HORSE PROTECTION REGULATIONS § 11.6 Inspection space and facility... Tennessee Walking Horses or racking horses, shall provide, without fee, sufficient space and facilities...

  15. A boundary-representation method for designing whole-body radiation dosimetry models: pregnant females at the ends of three gestational periods—RPI-P3, -P6 and -P9

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, X. George; Taranenko, Valery; Zhang, Juying; Shi, Chengyu

    2007-12-01

    Fetuses are extremely radiosensitive and the protection of pregnant females against ionizing radiation is of particular interest in many health and medical physics applications. Existing models of pregnant females relied on simplified anatomical shapes or partial-body images of low resolutions. This paper reviews two general types of solid geometry modeling: constructive solid geometry (CSG) and boundary representation (BREP). It presents in detail a project to adopt the BREP modeling approach to systematically design whole-body radiation dosimetry models: a pregnant female and her fetus at the ends of three gestational periods of 3, 6 and 9 months. Based on previously published CT images of a 7-month pregnant female, the VIP-Man model and mesh organ models, this new set of pregnant female models was constructed using 3D surface modeling technologies instead of voxels. The organ masses were adjusted to agree with the reference data provided by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) and previously published papers within 0.5%. The models were then voxelized for the purpose of performing dose calculations in identically implemented EGS4 and MCNPX Monte Carlo codes. The agreements of the fetal doses obtained from these two codes for this set of models were found to be within 2% for the majority of the external photon irradiation geometries of AP, PA, LAT, ROT and ISO at various energies. It is concluded that the so-called RPI-P3, RPI-P6 and RPI-P9 models have been reliably defined for Monte Carlo calculations. The paper also discusses the needs for future research and the possibility for the BREP method to become a major tool in the anatomical modeling for radiation dosimetry.

  16. 9 CFR 3.110 - Veterinary care.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Veterinary care. 3.110 Section 3.110 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL... Mammals Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.110 Veterinary care. (a) Newly acquired marine...

  17. 9 CFR 392.3 - Required information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Required information. 392.3 Section 392.3 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS PETITIONS FOR RULEMAKING § 392.3...

  18. 9 CFR 392.3 - Required information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Required information. 392.3 Section 392.3 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS PETITIONS FOR RULEMAKING § 392.3...

  19. 9 CFR 392.3 - Required information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Required information. 392.3 Section 392.3 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS PETITIONS FOR RULEMAKING § 392.3...

  20. 9 CFR 392.3 - Required information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Required information. 392.3 Section 392.3 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS PETITIONS FOR RULEMAKING § 392.3...

  1. 9 CFR 392.3 - Required information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Required information. 392.3 Section 392.3 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS PETITIONS FOR RULEMAKING § 392.3...

  2. 9 CFR 3.128 - Space requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Space requirements. 3.128 Section 3... Mammals Facilities and Operating Standards § 3.128 Space requirements. Enclosures shall be constructed and maintained so as to provide sufficient space to allow each animal to make normal postural and...

  3. 9 CFR 3.128 - Space requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Space requirements. 3.128 Section 3... Mammals Facilities and Operating Standards § 3.128 Space requirements. Enclosures shall be constructed and maintained so as to provide sufficient space to allow each animal to make normal postural and...

  4. 9 CFR 3.128 - Space requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Space requirements. 3.128 Section 3... Mammals Facilities and Operating Standards § 3.128 Space requirements. Enclosures shall be constructed and maintained so as to provide sufficient space to allow each animal to make normal postural and...

  5. 9 CFR 3.126 - Facilities, indoor.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... at all times. Such facilities shall be provided with fresh air either by means of windows, doors... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Facilities, indoor. 3.126 Section 3... Mammals Facilities and Operating Standards § 3.126 Facilities, indoor. (a) Ambient...

  6. 9 CFR 3.126 - Facilities, indoor.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... at all times. Such facilities shall be provided with fresh air either by means of windows, doors... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Facilities, indoor. 3.126 Section 3... Mammals Facilities and Operating Standards § 3.126 Facilities, indoor. (a) Ambient...

  7. 9 CFR 3.110 - Veterinary care.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Veterinary care. 3.110 Section 3.110 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL... Mammals Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.110 Veterinary care. (a) Newly acquired marine...

  8. 9 CFR 3.110 - Veterinary care.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Veterinary care. 3.110 Section 3.110 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL... Mammals Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.110 Veterinary care. (a) Newly acquired marine...

  9. 9 CFR 3.53 - Primary enclosures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Primary enclosures. 3.53 Section 3.53... Facilities and Operating Standards § 3.53 Primary enclosures. All primary enclosures for rabbits shall conform to the following requirements: (a) General. (1) Primary enclosures shall be structurally sound...

  10. 9 CFR 3.53 - Primary enclosures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Primary enclosures. 3.53 Section 3.53... Facilities and Operating Standards § 3.53 Primary enclosures. All primary enclosures for rabbits shall conform to the following requirements: (a) General. (1) Primary enclosures shall be structurally sound...

  11. 9 CFR 3.53 - Primary enclosures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Primary enclosures. 3.53 Section 3.53... Facilities and Operating Standards § 3.53 Primary enclosures. All primary enclosures for rabbits shall conform to the following requirements: (a) General. (1) Primary enclosures shall be structurally sound...

  12. 9 CFR 3.53 - Primary enclosures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Primary enclosures. 3.53 Section 3.53... Facilities and Operating Standards § 3.53 Primary enclosures. All primary enclosures for rabbits shall conform to the following requirements: (a) General. (1) Primary enclosures shall be structurally sound...

  13. 9 CFR 3.133 - Separation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Separation. 3.133 Section 3.133 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL... Mammals Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.133 Separation. Animals housed in the same...

  14. 9 CFR 3.109 - Separation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Separation. 3.109 Section 3.109 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL... Mammals Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.109 Separation. Marine mammals, whenever known to...

  15. 9 CFR 3.109 - Separation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Separation. 3.109 Section 3.109 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL... Mammals Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.109 Separation. Marine mammals, whenever known to...

  16. 9 CFR 3.133 - Separation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Separation. 3.133 Section 3.133 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL... Mammals Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.133 Separation. Animals housed in the same...

  17. 9 CFR 3.133 - Separation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Separation. 3.133 Section 3.133 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL... Mammals Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.133 Separation. Animals housed in the same...

  18. 9 CFR 3.133 - Separation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Separation. 3.133 Section 3.133 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL... Mammals Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.133 Separation. Animals housed in the same...

  19. 9 CFR 3.109 - Separation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Separation. 3.109 Section 3.109 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL... Mammals Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.109 Separation. Marine mammals, whenever known to...

  20. 9 CFR 3.109 - Separation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Separation. 3.109 Section 3.109 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL... Mammals Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.109 Separation. Marine mammals, whenever known to...

  1. 9 CFR 3.109 - Separation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Separation. 3.109 Section 3.109 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL... Mammals Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.109 Separation. Marine mammals, whenever known to...

  2. 9 CFR 3.133 - Separation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Separation. 3.133 Section 3.133 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL... Mammals Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.133 Separation. Animals housed in the same...

  3. 9 CFR 381.3 - Administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Administration. 381.3 Section 381.3... CERTIFICATION POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION REGULATIONS Administration; Application of Inspection and Other Requirements § 381.3 Administration. (a) (b) The Administrator may in specific classes of cases waive...

  4. 9 CFR 354.3 - Administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Administration. 354.3 Section 354.3... CERTIFICATION VOLUNTARY INSPECTION OF RABBITS AND EDIBLE PRODUCTS THEREOF Administration § 354.3 Administration... prescribed in the regulations in this part and as the Secretary may require in the administration of...

  5. 9 CFR 149.3 - Site audit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Site audit. 149.3 Section 149.3... LIVESTOCK IMPROVEMENT VOLUNTARY TRICHINAE CERTIFICATION PROGRAM § 149.3 Site audit. (a) General. (1) The producer must contact a QAV or QVMO to request a site audit. A list of available QAVs may be obtained...

  6. 9 CFR 300.3 - FSIS organization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false FSIS organization. 300.3 Section 300.3... ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION AGENCY MISSION AND ORGANIZATION § 300.3 FSIS organization. (a) General. The organization of...

  7. 9 CFR 3.55 - Watering.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Watering. 3.55 Section 3.55 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL... Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.55 Watering. Sufficient potable water shall be provided...

  8. 9 CFR 3.55 - Watering.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Watering. 3.55 Section 3.55 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL... Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.55 Watering. Sufficient potable water shall be provided...

  9. 9 CFR 3.110 - Veterinary care.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Veterinary care. 3.110 Section 3.110 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL... Mammals Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.110 Veterinary care. (a) Newly acquired marine...

  10. 9 CFR 3.110 - Veterinary care.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Veterinary care. 3.110 Section 3.110 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL... Mammals Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.110 Veterinary care. (a) Newly acquired marine...

  11. 9 CFR 145.3 - Participation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... LIVESTOCK IMPROVEMENT NATIONAL POULTRY IMPROVEMENT PLAN FOR BREEDING POULTRY General Provisions § 145.3... 9-2 (formerly NPIP Form 3B) or through other appropriate means each breeding flock before the birds... designation; (3) Type: Primary or Multiplier; (4) Breed, variety, strain, or trade name of stock; (5)...

  12. 9 CFR 145.3 - Participation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... LIVESTOCK IMPROVEMENT NATIONAL POULTRY IMPROVEMENT PLAN FOR BREEDING POULTRY General Provisions § 145.3... 9-2 (formerly NPIP Form 3B) or through other appropriate means each breeding flock before the birds... designation; (3) Type: Primary or Multiplier; (4) Breed, variety, strain, or trade name of stock; (5)...

  13. 9 CFR 145.3 - Participation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... LIVESTOCK IMPROVEMENT NATIONAL POULTRY IMPROVEMENT PLAN FOR BREEDING POULTRY General Provisions § 145.3... 9-2 (formerly NPIP Form 3B) or through other appropriate means each breeding flock before the birds... designation; (3) Type: Primary or Multiplier; (4) Breed, variety, strain, or trade name of stock; (5)...

  14. 9 CFR 145.3 - Participation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... LIVESTOCK IMPROVEMENT NATIONAL POULTRY IMPROVEMENT PLAN FOR BREEDING POULTRY General Provisions § 145.3... 9-2 (formerly NPIP Form 3B) or through other appropriate means each breeding flock before the birds... designation; (3) Type: Primary or Multiplier; (4) Breed, variety, strain, or trade name of stock; (5)...

  15. 9 CFR 145.3 - Participation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... LIVESTOCK IMPROVEMENT NATIONAL POULTRY IMPROVEMENT PLAN FOR BREEDING POULTRY General Provisions § 145.3... 9-2 (formerly NPIP Form 3B) or through other appropriate means each breeding flock before the birds... designation; (3) Type: Primary or Multiplier; (4) Breed, variety, strain, or trade name of stock; (5)...

  16. 9 CFR 3.128 - Space requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Space requirements. 3.128 Section 3... Mammals Facilities and Operating Standards § 3.128 Space requirements. Enclosures shall be constructed and maintained so as to provide sufficient space to allow each animal to make normal postural and...

  17. 9 CFR 3.128 - Space requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Space requirements. 3.128 Section 3... Mammals Facilities and Operating Standards § 3.128 Space requirements. Enclosures shall be constructed and maintained so as to provide sufficient space to allow each animal to make normal postural and...

  18. 9 CFR 3.106 - Water quality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Water quality. 3.106 Section 3.106... Mammals Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.106 Water quality. (a) General. The primary enclosure shall not contain water which would be detrimental to the health of the marine mammal contained...

  19. 9 CFR 3.106 - Water quality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Water quality. 3.106 Section 3.106... Mammals Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.106 Water quality. (a) General. The primary enclosure shall not contain water which would be detrimental to the health of the marine mammal contained...

  20. 9 CFR 3.106 - Water quality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Water quality. 3.106 Section 3.106... Mammals Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.106 Water quality. (a) General. The primary enclosure shall not contain water which would be detrimental to the health of the marine mammal contained...

  1. 9 CFR 3.106 - Water quality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Water quality. 3.106 Section 3.106... Mammals Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.106 Water quality. (a) General. The primary enclosure shall not contain water which would be detrimental to the health of the marine mammal contained...

  2. 9 CFR 3.106 - Water quality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Water quality. 3.106 Section 3.106... Mammals Animal Health and Husbandry Standards § 3.106 Water quality. (a) General. The primary enclosure shall not contain water which would be detrimental to the health of the marine mammal contained...

  3. Differential cross sections for H + D2 → HD(v' = 2, j' = 0,3,6,9) + D at center-of-mass collision energies of 1.25, 1.61, and 1.97 eV.

    PubMed

    Bartlett, Nate C-M; Jankunas, Justin; Goswami, Tapas; Zare, Richard N; Bouakline, Foudhil; Althorpe, Stuart C

    2011-05-14

    We have measured differential cross sections (DCSs) for the reaction H + D(2) → HD(v' = 2,j' = 0,3,6,9) + D at center-of-mass collision energies E(coll) of 1.25, 1.61, and 1.97 eV using the photoloc technique. The DCSs show a strong dependence on the product rotational quantum number. For the HD(v' = 2,j' = 0) product, the DCS is bimodal but becomes oscillatory as the collision energy is increased. For the other product states, they are dominated by a single peak, which shifts from back to sideward scattering as j' increases, and they are in general less sensitive to changes in the collision energy. The experimental results are compared to quantum mechanical calculations and show good, but not fully quantitative agreement.

  4. New lithium copper borates with BO3 triangles: Li6CuB4O10, Li3CuB3O7, Li8Cu7B14O32, and Li2Cu9B12O28.

    PubMed

    Kuratieva, N V; Bànki, M; Tsirlin, A A; Eckert, J; Ehrenberg, H; Mikhailova, D

    2013-12-16

    Crystal structures of three new lithium copper borates, Li3CuB3O7, Li8Cu7B14O32, and Li2Cu9B12O28, and a new Li6CuB4O10 polymorph were solved by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. In all of the structures, the boron cations form BO3 triangles, which are connected with each other and with copper polyhedra only via corners in Li6CuB4O10 and Li3CuB3O7 and via both corners and edges in Li8Cu7B14O32 and Li2Cu9B12O28. The Li3CuB3O7 and Li8Cu7B14O32 compounds were synthesized as pure samples with only trace amounts of impurities; hence, their magnetic properties could be investigated and analyzed in terms of underlying magnetic couplings. Other compositions always represented multiphase mixtures. Li3CuB3O7 features infinite Cu,O chains formed by Cu2O6 units consisting of edge-shared CuO4 squares. Together with two apical oxygen atoms with long interatomic Cu-O distances of 2.7-2.8 Å, the Cu2O6 units form chains extended along the a axis. These pseudochains are responsible for strong anisotropic thermal expansion behavior. The temperature dependence of the magnetization between 4 and 380 K for Li3CuB3O7 could be fit well by a spin-dimer model. The magnetic susceptibility of Li8Cu7B14O32 showed a more complex temperature dependence, with two different Curie-Weiss regimes in the temperature range of 2-380 K.

  5. 3. This series of photographs (3 through 9) illustrates the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. This series of photographs (3 through 9) illustrates the operation of the swing bridge. In #3 the bridge is in its closed position. #3 4,5,&6 the boat whistles and requests passage. the bridge is closed to traffice. The bridge operator, stationed in the center of the tenders house at the center of the truss releases the pneumatic jack. The rollers beneath the deck. swing upward and the electric-powered turntable swings the bobtail drawn in the direction of the oncoming vessel. In #7 a tugboat enters the channel. In #8 a much-lightened ore carrier which has delivered its cargo to the steel mills upriver(note the high water mark), makes its way down-river towards Lake Erie. Such boats are too large to turn around on the narrow Cuyahoga, so they go out backwards, pulled by a tug. in #9 the the ore-carrier clears the channel. In #10 As soon as the boat clears the bridge, the bridge tender begins to close it. The bridge is opened in the direction of an oncoming vessel so that it can be closed even as the boat is leaving the channel; thus surface traffic on Center Street suffers the least possible interruption. - Center Street Swing Bridge, Southwest of Public Square, Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, OH

  6. 12 CFR 3.9 - Purpose and scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Purpose and scope. 3.9 Section 3.9 Banks and... capital ratios that would otherwise be applicable to a bank under § 3.6. The OCC is authorized under 12 U.S.C. 3907 (a)(2) to establish such minimum capital requirements for a bank as the OCC, in...

  7. 12 CFR 3.9 - Purpose and scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Purpose and scope. 3.9 Section 3.9 Banks and... capital ratios that would otherwise be applicable to a bank under § 3.6. The OCC is authorized under 12 U.S.C. 3907 (a)(2) to establish such minimum capital requirements for a bank as the OCC, in...

  8. Inhibition of H3K9 methyltransferase G9a ameliorates methylglyoxal-induced peritoneal fibrosis

    PubMed Central

    Maeda, Kazuya; Doi, Shigehiro; Nakashima, Ayumu; Nagai, Takuo; Irifuku, Taisuke; Ueno, Toshinori; Masaki, Takao

    2017-01-01

    Activity of H3K9 histone methyltransferase G9a is reportedly induced by transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and plays an important role in the progression of cancer and fibrosis. In this study, we investigated whether inhibition of G9a-mediated H3K9 methylation attenuates peritoneal fibrosis in mice and human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs). Nonadherent cells of peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients were isolated from PD effluent to examine expression of G9a. Peritoneal fibrosis was induced by peritoneal injection of methylglyoxal (MGO) in male C57/B6 mice for 3 weeks. BIX01294, a G9a inhibitor, was administered by subcutaneous injection. Effects of BIX01294 on MGO-induced pathological and functional changes in mice were evaluated by immunohistochemistry and a peritoneal equilibration test. HPMCs were isolated from human omentum, and the inhibitory effect of BIX01294 on TGF-β1-induced fibrotic changes was investigated in the HPMCs by western blotting. G9a was upregulated in nonadherent cells of human PD effluent, the peritoneum of MGO-injected mice, and TGF-β1-stimulated HPMCs. BIX01294 significantly reduced the submesothelial zone thickness and cell density in MGO-injected mice. Immunohistochemical staining revealed that BIX01294 treatment decreased not only mono-methylation of H3K9 (H3K9me1), but also the number of mesenchymal cells, accumulation of collagen, and infiltration of monocytes. In addition to the pathological changes, BIX01294 reduced the level of TGF-β1 in peritoneal fluid and improved peritoneal functions. Furthermore, BIX01294 inhibited TGF-β1-induced fibrotic changes along with suppression of H3K9me1 in HPMCs. Therefore, inhibition of H3K9 methyltransferase G9a suppresses peritoneal fibrosis through a reduction of H3K9me1. PMID:28278257

  9. Inhibition of H3K9 methyltransferase G9a ameliorates methylglyoxal-induced peritoneal fibrosis.

    PubMed

    Maeda, Kazuya; Doi, Shigehiro; Nakashima, Ayumu; Nagai, Takuo; Irifuku, Taisuke; Ueno, Toshinori; Masaki, Takao

    2017-01-01

    Activity of H3K9 histone methyltransferase G9a is reportedly induced by transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and plays an important role in the progression of cancer and fibrosis. In this study, we investigated whether inhibition of G9a-mediated H3K9 methylation attenuates peritoneal fibrosis in mice and human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs). Nonadherent cells of peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients were isolated from PD effluent to examine expression of G9a. Peritoneal fibrosis was induced by peritoneal injection of methylglyoxal (MGO) in male C57/B6 mice for 3 weeks. BIX01294, a G9a inhibitor, was administered by subcutaneous injection. Effects of BIX01294 on MGO-induced pathological and functional changes in mice were evaluated by immunohistochemistry and a peritoneal equilibration test. HPMCs were isolated from human omentum, and the inhibitory effect of BIX01294 on TGF-β1-induced fibrotic changes was investigated in the HPMCs by western blotting. G9a was upregulated in nonadherent cells of human PD effluent, the peritoneum of MGO-injected mice, and TGF-β1-stimulated HPMCs. BIX01294 significantly reduced the submesothelial zone thickness and cell density in MGO-injected mice. Immunohistochemical staining revealed that BIX01294 treatment decreased not only mono-methylation of H3K9 (H3K9me1), but also the number of mesenchymal cells, accumulation of collagen, and infiltration of monocytes. In addition to the pathological changes, BIX01294 reduced the level of TGF-β1 in peritoneal fluid and improved peritoneal functions. Furthermore, BIX01294 inhibited TGF-β1-induced fibrotic changes along with suppression of H3K9me1 in HPMCs. Therefore, inhibition of H3K9 methyltransferase G9a suppresses peritoneal fibrosis through a reduction of H3K9me1.

  10. 9 CFR 3.55 - Watering.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Watering. 3.55 Section 3.55 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL WELFARE STANDARDS Specifications for the Humane Handling, Care, Treatment and Transportation of...

  11. 9 CFR 3.57 - Employees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Employees. 3.57 Section 3.57 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL WELFARE STANDARDS Specifications for the Humane Handling, Care, Treatment and Transportation of...

  12. 9 CFR 3.55 - Watering.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Watering. 3.55 Section 3.55 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL WELFARE STANDARDS Specifications for the Humane Handling, Care, Treatment and Transportation of...

  13. 9 CFR 3.59 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false 3.59 Section 3.59 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL WELFARE STANDARDS Specifications for the Humane Handling, Care, Treatment and Transportation of Rabbits Animal Health and...

  14. 9 CFR 3.57 - Employees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Employees. 3.57 Section 3.57 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL WELFARE STANDARDS Specifications for the Humane Handling, Care, Treatment and Transportation of...

  15. 9 CFR 3.59 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false 3.59 Section 3.59 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL WELFARE STANDARDS Specifications for the Humane Handling, Care, Treatment and Transportation of Rabbits Animal Health and...

  16. 9 CFR 3.59 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false 3.59 Section 3.59 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL WELFARE STANDARDS Specifications for the Humane Handling, Care, Treatment and Transportation of Rabbits Animal Health and...

  17. 9 CFR 3.57 - Employees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Employees. 3.57 Section 3.57 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL WELFARE STANDARDS Specifications for the Humane Handling, Care, Treatment and Transportation of...

  18. 9 CFR 3.59 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false 3.59 Section 3.59 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL WELFARE STANDARDS Specifications for the Humane Handling, Care, Treatment and Transportation of Rabbits Animal Health and...

  19. 9 CFR 3.57 - Employees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Employees. 3.57 Section 3.57 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL WELFARE STANDARDS Specifications for the Humane Handling, Care, Treatment and Transportation of...

  20. 9 CFR 3.32 - Employees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Employees. 3.32 Section 3.32 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL WELFARE STANDARDS Specifications for the Humane Handling, Care, Treatment, and Transportation of...