#### Sample records for 3dgrape arc-12620 helps

1. 3DGRAPE/AL User's Manual

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Sorenson, Reese L.; Alter, Stephen J.

1995-01-01

This document is a users' manual for a new three-dimensional structured multiple-block volume g generator called 3DGRAPE/AL. It is a significantly improved version of the previously-released a widely-distributed programs 3DGRAPE and 3DMAGGS. It generates volume grids by iteratively solving the Poisson Equations in three-dimensions. The right-hand-side terms are designed so that user-specific; grid cell heights and user-specified grid cell skewness near boundary surfaces result automatically, with little user intervention. The code is written in Fortran-77, and can be installed with or without a simple graphical user interface which allows the user to watch as the grid is generated. An introduction describing the improvements over the antecedent 3DGRAPE code is presented first. Then follows a chapter on the basic grid generator program itself, and comments on installing it. The input is then described in detail. After that is a description of the Graphical User Interface. Five example cases are shown next, with plots of the results. Following that is a chapter on two input filters which allow use of input data generated elsewhere. Last is a treatment of the theory embodied in the code.

2. 3DGRAPE - THREE DIMENSIONAL GRIDS ABOUT ANYTHING BY POISSON'S EQUATION

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Sorenson, R. L.

1994-01-01

The ability to treat arbitrary boundary shapes is one of the most desirable characteristics of a method for generating grids. 3DGRAPE is designed to make computational grids in or about almost any shape. These grids are generated by the solution of Poisson's differential equations in three dimensions. The program automatically finds its own values for inhomogeneous terms which give near-orthogonality and controlled grid cell height at boundaries. Grids generated by 3DGRAPE have been applied to both viscous and inviscid aerodynamic problems, and to problems in other fluid-dynamic areas. 3DGRAPE uses zones to solve the problem of warping one cube into the physical domain in real-world computational fluid dynamics problems. In a zonal approach, a physical domain is divided into regions, each of which maps into its own computational cube. It is believed that even the most complicated physical region can be divided into zones, and since it is possible to warp a cube into each zone, a grid generator which is oriented to zones and allows communication across zonal boundaries (where appropriate) solves the problem of topological complexity. 3DGRAPE expects to read in already-distributed x,y,z coordinates on the bodies of interest, coordinates which will remain fixed during the entire grid-generation process. The 3DGRAPE code makes no attempt to fit given body shapes and redistribute points thereon. Body-fitting is a formidable problem in itself. The user must either be working with some simple analytical body shape, upon which a simple analytical distribution can be easily effected, or must have available some sophisticated stand-alone body-fitting software. 3DGRAPE does not require the user to supply the block-to-block boundaries nor the shapes of the distribution of points. 3DGRAPE will typically supply those block-to-block boundaries simply as surfaces in the elliptic grid. Thus at block-to-block boundaries the following conditions are obtained: (1) grids lines will

3. The 3DGRAPE book: Theory, users' manual, examples

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Sorenson, Reese L.

1989-01-01

A users' manual for a new three-dimensional grid generator called 3DGRAPE is presented. The program, written in FORTRAN, is capable of making zonal (blocked) computational grids in or about almost any shape. Grids are generated by the solution of Poisson's differential equations in three dimensions. The program automatically finds its own values for inhomogeneous terms which give near-orthogonality and controlled grid cell height at boundaries. Grids generated by 3DGRAPE have been applied to both viscous and inviscid aerodynamic problems, and to problems in other fluid-dynamic areas. The smoothness for which elliptic methods are known is seen here, including smoothness across zonal boundaries. An introduction giving the history, motivation, capabilities, and philosophy of 3DGRAPE is presented first. Then follows a chapter on the program itself. The input is then described in detail. A chapter on reading the output and debugging follows. Three examples are then described, including sample input data and plots of output. Last is a chapter on the theoretical development of the method.

4. 3DGRAPE/AL: The Ames/Langley technology upgrade

SciTech Connect

Sorenson, R.L.; Alter, S.J.

1996-12-31

This paper describes a new three-dimensional structured multiple-block volume grid generator called 3DGRAPEIAL. It is a significantly improved version of the previously-released and widely-distributed program 3DGRAPE, with many of the improvements taken from the grid-generator program 3DMAGGS. It generates volume grids by iteratively solving the Poisson equations in three dimensions. The right-hand-side terms are designed so that user-specified grid cell heights and user-specified grid cell skewness near boundary surfaces result automatically, with little user intervention. Versatility was a high priority in this code`s development, and as a result it can generate grids in almost any three-dimensional physical domain. Improvements include added kinds of forcing functions, improved control of cell skewness, improved initial conditions, convergence acceleration, the ability to take as input the output from GRIDGEN, and a simple but powerful graphical user interface (GUI).

5. A 3DGRAPE/AL: The Ames/Langley technology upgrade

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Sorenson, Reese L.; Alter, Stephen J.

1995-01-01

This paper describes a new three-dimensional structured multiple-block volume grid generator called 3DGRAPE/AL. It is a significantly improved version of the previously-released and widely-distributed program 3DGRAPE, with many of the improvements taken from the grid-generator program 3DMAGGS. It generates volume grids by iteratively solving the Poisson Equations in three-dimensions. The right-hand-side terms are designed so that user-specified grid cell heights and user-specified grid cell skewness near boundary surfaces result automatically, with little user intervention. Versatility was a high priority in this code's development, and as a result it can generate grids in almost any three-dimensional physical domain. Improvements include added kinds of forcing functions, improved control of cell skewness, improved initial conditions, convergence acceleration, the ability to take as input the output from GRIDGEN, and a simple but powerful graphical user interface (GUI).

6. Help

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tollefson, Ann

2009-01-01

Planning to start or expand a K-8 critical language program? Looking for support in doing so? There "may" be help at the federal level for great ideas and strong programs. While there have been various pools of federal dollars available to support world language programs for a number of years, the federal government's interest in…

7. Helping Kids Help

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Heiss, E. Renee

2008-01-01

Educators need to help kids help others so that they can help themselves. Volunteering does not involve competition or grades. This is one area where students don't have to worry about measuring up to the expectations of parents, teachers, and coaches. Students participate in charitable work to add another line to a college transcript or job…

8. Making Sure Helping Helps.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gartner, Audrey; Riessman, Frank

1993-01-01

Benefits to the helper are important to consider in a national-service program, along with the benefits to the recipient. Some suggestions are offered to ensure reciprocity in community service. Democratizing help giving, that is making it available to the widest possible audience, could help remove some of the pitfalls associated with help…

9. Helping Kids Help Themselves.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Good, E. Perry

This book explains how many of the behaviors that adults use to "help" kids are, at best, ineffective and, at worst, destructive to the adults' relationships with children. Adults traditionally believe that external cues prompt correct behavior--the premise of stimulus-response psychology. However, the ideas discussed here revolve around the…

10. Helping Children Help Themselves. Revised.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alberta Dept. of Agriculture, Edmonton.

Youth leaders and parents can use this activity oriented publication to help children six to twelve years of age become more independent by acquiring daily living skills. The publication consists of five units, each of which contains an introduction, learning activities, and lists of resource materials. Age-ability levels are suggested for…

11. Help Us to Help Ourselves

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stanistreet, Paul

2010-01-01

Local authorities have a strong tradition of supporting communities to help themselves, and this is nowhere better illustrated than in the learning they commission and deliver through the Adult Safeguarded Learning budget. The budget was set up to protect at least a minimum of provision for adult liberal education, family learning and learning for…

12. Parent Tookit: Homework Help. Helpful Tips.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All Kinds of Minds, 2006

2006-01-01

This check list contains tips for parents to help students reinforce and build upon what children learn at school: (1) Set a consistent time each day for doing homework; (2) Encourage children to make a homework checklist; (3) Provide assistance to help get started on a task; (4) Help children make a list of all needed materials before starting…

13. Help Seeking and Receiving.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nadler, Arie

Although social psychology has always had an interest in helping behavior, only recently has the full complexity of helping relations begun to be researched. Help seeking and receiving in the educational setting raise many issues regarding the use and effectiveness of the help itself. Central to all helping relations is the seeking/receiving…

14. Helping Parents Help Their Children Toward Literacy.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nichols, G. Jeane

A practicum was designed to help parents of kindergartners in a low income area help their children develop literacy. The primary goal was to secure the active involvement of parents in their children's learning experiences. Other goals included improving kindergarten teachers' communication skills and expanding their strategies for reaching out…

15. Help! It's Hair Loss!

MedlinePlus

... Emergency Room? What Happens in the Operating Room? Help! It's Hair Loss! KidsHealth > For Kids > Help! It's Hair Loss! A A A What's in ... a better look at what's going on to help decide what to do next. For a fungal ...

16. Help with Hives

MedlinePlus

... Emergency Room? What Happens in the Operating Room? Help With Hives KidsHealth > For Kids > Help With Hives A A A What's in this ... about what happened. The doctor can try to help figure out what might be causing your hives, ...

17. Helping Children Understand Disabilities.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Zakariya, Sally Banks

1978-01-01

The program described uses simulation activities; exposure to aids and appliances; guest speakers; books, movies, slides, and videotapes; and class discussion to help elementary students understand disabilities. (IRT)

18. Help! It's Hair Loss!

MedlinePlus

... los dientes Video: Getting an X-ray Help! It's Hair Loss! KidsHealth > For Kids > Help! It's Hair Loss! Print A A A What's in ... part above the skin, is dead. (That's why it doesn't hurt to get a haircut!) This ...

19. Helping Our Children.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Polk, Sophie

1987-01-01

Describes the Ikaiyurluki Mikelnguut (Helping Our Children) project in the Yukon Kuskokwim Delta of Alaska where trained natural helpers are helping Yup'ik Eskimo villagers to cope with crisis situations--notably teenage suicide and drug and alcohol abuse. (Author/BB)

20. Handi Helps, 1984.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Handi Helps, 1984

1984-01-01

The eight issues of Handi Helps presented in this document focus on specific issues of concern to the disabled, parents, and those working with the disabled. The two-page handi help fact sheets focus on the following topics: child abuse, leukemia, arthritis, Tourette Syndrome, hemophilia, the puppet program "Meet the New Kids on the…

1. Helping America's Youth

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bush, Laura

2005-01-01

As First Lady of the United States, Laura Bush is leading the Helping America's Youth initiative of the federal government. She articulates the goal of enlisting public and volunteer resources to foster healthy growth by early intervention and mentoring of youngsters at risk. Helping America's Youth will benefit children and teenagers by…

2. Handi Helps, 1985

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Handi Helps, 1985

1985-01-01

The six issues of Handi Helps presented here focus on specific issues of concern to the disabled, parents, and those working with the disabled. The two-page handi help fact sheets focus on the following topics: child sexual abuse prevention, asthma, scoliosis, the role of the occupational therapist, kidnapping, and muscular dystrophy. Each handi…

3. Helping Friends and Family

MedlinePlus

... chapter Join our online community Helping Friends and Family Part of living well with Alzheimerâs is adjusting to your ânew normalâ and helping family and friends do the same. Knowing what to ...

4. Help! Where to Look.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kneer, Marian E.

1984-01-01

Developing and maintaining effective physical education programs requires that teachers continually update their knowledge and skills. Books and journals, conferences, professional organizations, and consultants provide information to help teachers develop effective programs. (DF)

5. Hooked on Helping

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Longhurst, James; McCord, Joan

2014-01-01

In this article, teens presenting at a symposium on peer-helping programs describe how caring for others fosters personal growth and builds positive group cultures. Their individual thoughts and opinions are expressed.

6. Helping Parents Say No.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Duel, Debra K.

1988-01-01

Provides some activities that are designed to help students understand some of the reasons why parents sometimes refuse to let their children have pets. Includes mathematics and writing lessons, a student checklist, and a set of tips for parents. (TW)

7. Helping Teens Cope.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jones, Jami I.

2003-01-01

Considers the role of school library media specialists in helping teens cope with developmental and emotional challenges. Discusses resiliency research, and opportunities to develop programs and services especially for middle school and high school at-risk teens. (LRW)

8. Help with Hearing

MedlinePlus

... Foundation has shared over 7,000 Gund Teddy Bears with repaired cleft lips with children and families ... call the Cleftline for more information about our bears. If you are interested in helping us continue ...

9. Can Reading Help?

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Crowe, Chris

2003-01-01

Ponders the effect of September 11th on teenagers. Proposes that reading books can help teenagers sort out complicated issues. Recommends young adult novels that offer hope for overcoming tragedy. Lists 50 short story collections worth reading. (PM)

10. Grandparents Can Help

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pieper, Elizabeth

1976-01-01

Although grandparents may have difficulty in accepting their handicapped grandchild due to such factors as the notion of "bad blood," they can be helpful to parents by drawing from their experience to give new perspectives to complex problems. (SB)

11. Stretching: Does It Help?

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vardiman, Phillip; Carrand, David; Gallagher, Philip M.

2010-01-01

Stretching prior to activity is universally accepted as an important way to improve performance and help prevent injury. Likewise, limited flexibility has been shown to decrease functional ability and predispose a person to injuries. Although this is commonly accepted, appropriate stretching for children and adolescents involved with sports and…

12. Helping, Manipulation, and Magic

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Frey, Louise A.; Edinburg, Golda M.

1978-01-01

The thesis of this article is that an understanding of the primitive origins of the helping process in myth, magic, and ritual may prevent social workers from engaging in practices that negate their clients' ability to work out their own solutions to problems. (Author)

13. Helping Perceptually Handicapped Children

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rose, Helen S.

1974-01-01

Five children diagnosed as having a perceptual problem as revealed by the Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Test received special tutoring to help develop their visual discrimination abilities. The six-week program for teaching the concept of shapes employed kinesthetic, visual, tactile, and verbal processes. (CS)

14. Helping Families Cope.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Goodman, Carol R.

The paper presents observations of families having adult members with learning disabilities and describes a residential program to facilitate the transition to independent living of lower functioning learning disabled young adults. The program, called Independence Center, involves placing participants in apartments with roommates and helping them…

15. Helping Teachers Communicate

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kise, Jane; Russell, Beth; Shumate, Carol

2008-01-01

Personality type theory describes normal differences in how people are energized, take in information, make decisions, and approach work and life--all key elements in how people teach and learn. Understanding one another's personality type preferences helps teachers share their instructional strategies and classroom information. Type theory…

16. Ayudele! [Help Him!].

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Spencer, Maria Gutierrez, Comp.; Almance, Sofia, Comp.

Written in Spanish and English, the booklet briefly discusses what parents can do to help their child learn at school. The booklet briefly notes the importance of getting enough sleep; eating breakfast; praising the child; developing the five senses; visiting the doctor; having a home and garden; talking, listening, and reading to the child;…

17. What Helps Us Learn?

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational Leadership, 2010

2010-01-01

This article presents comments of high school students at the Howard Gardner School in Alexandria, Virginia, who were asked, What should teachers know about students to help them learn? Twelve high school students from the Howard Gardner School in Alexandria, Virginia, describe how their best teachers get to know them and thus were more able to…

18. A Helping Hand.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Renner, Jason M.

2000-01-01

Discusses how designing a hand washing-friendly environment can help to reduce the spread of germs in school restrooms. Use of electronic faucets, surface risk management, traffic flow, and user- friendly hand washing systems that are convenient and maximally hygienic are examined. (GR)

19. Help With Schizophrenia

MedlinePlus

... Disorders Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Postpartum Depression Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) More Patients & Families All Topics Help With Schizophrenia Curated and updated for the community by APA Topic Information Schizophrenia is a chronic brain disorder that affects about one percent of ...

20. Helping Adults to Spell.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Moorhouse, Catherine

This book presents a range of strategies for adult literacy tutors and offers a wealth of practical advice on teaching spelling within the context of writing. Chapters 1-3 offer basic information on talking with the student about spelling, finding out how the student spells and helping the student to see himself/herself as a "good" speller, and…

1. Helping You Age Well

MedlinePlus

... to keep family relationships and friendships over time. Exercise can also help prevent depression or lift your mood. Stay active and involved in life. Talk to your physician if you are feeling depressed. Teeth & ... Lungs: Regular aerobic exercise keeps lung capacity up. Smoking leads to chronic ...

2. Help Teens Manage Diabetes

MedlinePlus

... Grey, dean of the Yale University School of Nursing, developed and tested a program called Coping Skills Training (CST) as a part of routine diabetes ... is to improve diabetic teens' coping and communication skills, healthy ... sugar levels. "Nursing research is about helping people deal with the ...

3. Self-Help Experiences

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Woody, Robert H.

1973-01-01

The author believes that there is a distinct need for professionals to become competent in providing materials for self-help lay efforts. Colleges and universities must provide for the facilitation of personal growth through self administered procedures by either a clinical approach (in counseling centers) or a didactic one (in classes as, for…

4. Help for Stressed Students

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pope, Denise Clarke; Simon, Richard

2005-01-01

The authors argue that increased focus and pressure for high academic achievement, particularly among more highly-motivated and successful students, may have serious negative consequences. They present a number of strategies designed to help reduce both causes and consequences associated with academic stress and improve students' mental and…

5. PLOT3D/AMES, APOLLO UNIX VERSION USING GMR3D (WITHOUT TURB3D)

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Buning, P.

1994-01-01

PLOT3D is an interactive graphics program designed to help scientists visualize computational fluid dynamics (CFD) grids and solutions. Today, supercomputers and CFD algorithms can provide scientists with simulations of such highly complex phenomena that obtaining an understanding of the simulations has become a major problem. Tools which help the scientist visualize the simulations can be of tremendous aid. PLOT3D/AMES offers more functions and features, and has been adapted for more types of computers than any other CFD graphics program. Version 3.6b+ is supported for five computers and graphic libraries. Using PLOT3D, CFD physicists can view their computational models from any angle, observing the physics of problems and the quality of solutions. As an aid in designing aircraft, for example, PLOT3D's interactive computer graphics can show vortices, temperature, reverse flow, pressure, and dozens of other characteristics of air flow during flight. As critical areas become obvious, they can easily be studied more closely using a finer grid. PLOT3D is part of a computational fluid dynamics software cycle. First, a program such as 3DGRAPE (ARC-12620) helps the scientist generate computational grids to model an object and its surrounding space. Once the grids have been designed and parameters such as the angle of attack, Mach number, and Reynolds number have been specified, a "flow-solver" program such as INS3D (ARC-11794 or COS-10019) solves the system of equations governing fluid flow, usually on a supercomputer. Grids sometimes have as many as two million points, and the "flow-solver" produces a solution file which contains density, x- y- and z-momentum, and stagnation energy for each grid point. With such a solution file and a grid file containing up to 50 grids as input, PLOT3D can calculate and graphically display any one of 74 functions, including shock waves, surface pressure, velocity vectors, and particle traces. PLOT3D's 74 functions are organized into

6. PLOT3D/AMES, APOLLO UNIX VERSION USING GMR3D (WITH TURB3D)

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Buning, P.

1994-01-01

PLOT3D is an interactive graphics program designed to help scientists visualize computational fluid dynamics (CFD) grids and solutions. Today, supercomputers and CFD algorithms can provide scientists with simulations of such highly complex phenomena that obtaining an understanding of the simulations has become a major problem. Tools which help the scientist visualize the simulations can be of tremendous aid. PLOT3D/AMES offers more functions and features, and has been adapted for more types of computers than any other CFD graphics program. Version 3.6b+ is supported for five computers and graphic libraries. Using PLOT3D, CFD physicists can view their computational models from any angle, observing the physics of problems and the quality of solutions. As an aid in designing aircraft, for example, PLOT3D's interactive computer graphics can show vortices, temperature, reverse flow, pressure, and dozens of other characteristics of air flow during flight. As critical areas become obvious, they can easily be studied more closely using a finer grid. PLOT3D is part of a computational fluid dynamics software cycle. First, a program such as 3DGRAPE (ARC-12620) helps the scientist generate computational grids to model an object and its surrounding space. Once the grids have been designed and parameters such as the angle of attack, Mach number, and Reynolds number have been specified, a "flow-solver" program such as INS3D (ARC-11794 or COS-10019) solves the system of equations governing fluid flow, usually on a supercomputer. Grids sometimes have as many as two million points, and the "flow-solver" produces a solution file which contains density, x- y- and z-momentum, and stagnation energy for each grid point. With such a solution file and a grid file containing up to 50 grids as input, PLOT3D can calculate and graphically display any one of 74 functions, including shock waves, surface pressure, velocity vectors, and particle traces. PLOT3D's 74 functions are organized into

7. Helping pregnant teenagers.

PubMed

Bluestein, D; Starling, M E

1994-08-01

Teenagers who are pregnant face many difficult issues, and counseling by physicians can be an important source of help. We suggest guidelines for this counseling, beginning with a review of the scope and consequences of adolescent pregnancy. Communication strategies should be aimed at building rapport with techniques such as maintaining confidentiality, avoiding judgmental stances, and gearing communication to cognitive maturity. Techniques for exploring family relationships are useful because these relationships are key influences on subsequent decisions and behaviors. We discuss topics related to abortion and childbearing, such as safety, facilitation of balanced decision making, the use of prenatal care, and the formulation of long-term plans. Physicians who can effectively discuss these topics can help pregnant teenagers make informed decisions and improve their prospects for the future.

8. Helping children talk.

PubMed

Day, L

1998-01-01

Many children and young people living in London are affected by HIV. Most such children come from families from sub-Saharan Africa. Some HIV-positive parents have died, some are ill, and some are well. Some older children know that their parents are infected with HIV, but most children are unaware. To help these children understand their situations, children with a parent or parents who have died or are very sick are invited to 6 half-days of storytelling and play, led by a family counselor and someone who uses drama. Trained volunteers come from local AIDS organizations. The sessions vary depending upon what the children choose to discuss. The adults' role is to help the children begin to reflect upon their feelings in a way which is easy for them to express. Sessions usually begin with the creation of a story using a toy animal, after which children subsequently act out the imaginary family in different ways.

9. Please Help Your Union

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Killeen, Tim

2006-03-01

The continuing success of AGU relies entirely on the volunteer work of members. A major contribution to these efforts comes from the over 40 committees that plan, oversee, and have operational roles in our meetings, publications, finances, elections, awards, education, public information, and public affairs activities. The names of committees are provided in the accompanying text box; their current membership and descriptions can be found on the Web at the AGU site. One of the most important and challenging tasks of the incoming AGU President is to reestablish these committees by appointing hundreds of volunteers. I now solicit your help in staffing these committees. Ideally, participation in these important committees will reflect the overall membership and perspectives of AGU members, so please do consider volunteering yourself. Of course, nominations of others would also be very welcome. I am particularly interested in making sure that the gender balance, age, and geographic representation are appropriate and reflect our changing demographics. Any suggestions you might have will be more helpful if accompanied by a few sentences of background information relevant to the particular committee.

10. Refiners get petchems help

SciTech Connect

Wood, A.; Cornitius, T.

1997-06-11

The U.S.Refining Industry is facing hard times. Slow growth, tough environmental regulations, and fierce competition - especially in retail gasoline - have squeezed margins and prompted a series of mergers and acquisitions. The trend has affected the smallest and largest players, and a series of transactions over the past two years has created a new industry lineup. Among the larger companies, Mobil and Amoco are the latest to consider a refining merger. That follows recent plans by Ashland and Marathon to merge their refining businesses, and the decision by Shell, Texaco, and Saudi Aramco to combine some U.S. operations. Many of the leading independent refiners have increased their scale by acquiring refinery capacity. With refining still in the doldrums, more independents are taking a closer look at boosting production of petrochemicals, which offer high growth and, usually, better margins. That is being helped by the shift to refinery processes that favor the increased production of light olefins for alkylation and the removal of aromatics, providing opportunity to extract these materials for the petrochemical market. 5 figs., 3 tabs.

11. Congress: how to help.

PubMed

James, J S

1995-04-21

Citizen input, through letters, calls, and visits to government representatives, is needed more urgently now than ever before. The fiscal 1996 budget and appropriations process is expected to provide disappointments. The House has eliminated HOPWA AIDS housing funding for the current year (although it could be reversed in the Senate). Moves are being made toward mandatory HIV testing, with no provisions for counseling or for care. There is no mass movement yet to support AIDS politically, and there is no single or consistent source for connecting with local organizations, or getting the necessary background information, as issues become current. This article lists several national and regional organizations which may be helpful in developing this process. National organizations with an AIDS focus include the National Association of People with AIDS, AIDS Action Council, Treatment Action Network, Mobilization Against AIDS, Center for Women Policy Studies, National Minority AIDS Council, Committee of Ten Thousand, and Mothers' Voice. Gay-focused national organizations include the Log Cabin Republicans and the Human Rights Campaign Fund. Many states have organizations which provide state and regional information on AIDS-related issues. Three major lobbying events include AIDSWATCH 95, Mother's Day Card Campaign, and the California AIDS Budget Lobby Day.

12. Help Helps, but Only so Much: Research on Help Seeking with Intelligent Tutoring Systems

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aleven, Vincent; Roll, Ido; McLaren, Bruce M.; Koedinger, Kenneth R.

2016-01-01

Help seeking is an important process in self-regulated learning (SRL). It may influence learning with intelligent tutoring systems (ITSs), because many ITSs provide help, often at the student's request. The Help Tutor was a tutor agent that gave in-context, real-time feedback on students' help-seeking behavior, as they were learning with an ITS.…

13. Help Seeking and Help Design in Interactive Learning Environments

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aleven, Vincent; Stahl, Elmar; Schworm, Silke; Fischer, Frank; Wallace, Raven

2003-01-01

Many interactive learning environments (ILEs) offer on-demand help, intended to positively influence learning. Recent studies report evidence that although effective help-seeking behavior in ILEs is related to better learning outcomes, learners are not using help facilities effectively. This selective review (a) examines theoretical perspectives…

14. Does Marijuana Help Treat Glaucoma?

MedlinePlus

... Ophthalmologist Patient Stories Español Eye Health / Tips & Prevention Marijuana Sections Does Marijuana Help Treat Glaucoma? Why Eye ... Don't Recommend Marijuana for Glaucoma Infographic Does Marijuana Help Treat Glaucoma? Written by: David Turbert , contributing ...

15. Helping Teens Resist Sexual Pressure

MedlinePlus

... Size Email Print Share Helping Teens Resist Sexual Pressure Page Content Article Body Teens are more likely ... time they had intercourse. Helping Teens Resist Sexual Pressure “The pressure on teenagers to have sex is ...

16. Tourette Syndrome: Help Stop Bullying

MedlinePlus

... Past Emails CDC Features Tourette Syndrome: Help Stop Bullying Language: English Español (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook Tweet ... you can increase acceptance by helping to stop bullying of children with TS. Bullying doesn't just ...

17. Helping Kids Deal with Bullies

MedlinePlus

... to 2-Year-Old Helping Kids Deal With Bullies KidsHealth > For Parents > Helping Kids Deal With Bullies ... will be prepared if it does happen. Identifying Bullying Most kids have been teased by a sibling ...

18. Children's Help Seeking and Impulsivity

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Puustinen, Minna; Kokkonen, Marja; Tolvanen, Asko; Pulkkinen, Lea

2004-01-01

The aim of the present study was to analyze the relationship between students' (100 children aged 8 to 12) help-seeking behavior and impulsivity. Help-seeking behavior was evaluated using a naturalistic experimental paradigm in which children were placed in a problem-solving situation and had the opportunity to seek help from the experimenter, if…

19. How Stitches Help Kids Heal

MedlinePlus

... What Happens in the Operating Room? How Stitches Help Kids Heal KidsHealth > For Kids > How Stitches Help Kids Heal A A A What's in this ... the directions carefully with your mom's or dad's help. Different kinds of materials — sutures, glue, and butterflies — ...

20. Help!

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adams, Caralee

2006-01-01

This article presents ten time-saving ideas for teachers. One great time-saving tip is to come in an hour early once or twice a week for grading papers. It is also a great idea if teachers will not give tests on Friday in order to reduce their weekend work.

1. Helping your teen with depression

MedlinePlus

Teen depression - helping; Teen depression - talk therapy; Teen depression - medicine ... teen the most. The most effective treatments for depression are: Talk therapy Antidepressant medicines If your teen ...

2. Self Help and Mental Health

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gartner, Alan

1976-01-01

Suggests that the single most important common denominator of the various types of self-help groups examined may be that the role of the person who has already lived through the experience is critical for helping others. (Author/AM)

3. Collective helping and bystander effects in coevolving helping networks

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Jo, Hang-Hyun; Lee, Hyun Keun; Park, Hyunggyu

2010-06-01

We study collective helping behavior and bystander effects in a coevolving helping network model. A node and a link of the network represents an agent who renders or receives help and a friendly relation between agents, respectively. A helping trial of an agent depends on relations with other involved agents and its result (success or failure) updates the relation between the helper and the recipient. We study the network link dynamics and its steady states analytically and numerically. The full phase diagram is presented with various kinds of active and inactive phases and the nature of phase transitions are explored. We find various interesting bystander effects, consistent with the field study results, of which the underlying mechanism is proposed.

4. New Vaccines Help Protect You

MedlinePlus

... Navigation Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues New Vaccines Help Protect You Past Issues / Fall 2006 Table ... this page please turn Javascript on. Important new vaccines have recently been approved for use and are ...

5. How Stitches Help Kids Heal

MedlinePlus

... cuts is a small sticky strip called a butterfly bandage. It keeps the edges of a shallow ... help. Different kinds of materials — sutures, glue, and butterflies — need different kinds of care. The doctor probably ...

6. Going Local to Find Help

MedlinePlus

... Issues Cover Story: Traumatic Brain Injury Going Local to Find Help Past Issues / Fall 2008 Table of Contents ... description, phone numbers, maps and directions, such as To Find Out More: Visit www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/ ...

7. Emojis help young people communicate.

PubMed

2016-10-26

'The use of technology to support communication in therapy is an exciting development, particularly the use of mobile device emojis to help young people express, and practitioners to assess, their mental distress'.

8. Students Help Students with Sails.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Toskas, Denny

1987-01-01

Outlines a student tutoring program called SAILS (Student Assistance in Learning and Support) that helps students who have chronic difficulties in mathematics, reading, English, and with personal problems. (MD)

9. Exercises to help prevent falls

MedlinePlus

... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000493.htm Exercises to help prevent falls To use the sharing ... and easily. DO NOT hold your breath. Balance Exercises You can do some balance exercises during everyday ...

10. Helping Teachers Help Themselves: Professional Development That Makes a Difference

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Patton, Kevin; Parker, Melissa; Tannehill, Deborah

2015-01-01

For school administrators to facilitate impactful teacher professional development, a shift in thinking that goes beyond the acquisition of new skills and knowledge to helping teachers rethink their practice is required. Based on review of the professional development literature and our own continued observations of professional development, this…

11. Helping Schools Help Children. Research Report No. 2.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD. Center for Studies of Crime and Delinquency.

This pamphlet briefly reports on an experimental program designed to help the underachieving student whose academic and behavioral problems keep him in trouble with school officials. The project is based on the following premises: (1) children who learn basic academic skills and appropriate behaviors will be less vulnerable to future problems; (2)…

12. Help for Finding Missing Children.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

McCormick, Kathleen

1984-01-01

Efforts to locate missing children have expanded from a federal law allowing for entry of information into an F.B.I. computer system to companion bills before Congress for establishing a national missing child clearinghouse and a Justice Department center to help in conducting searches. Private organizations are also involved. (KS)

13. Helping Children Cope with Grief.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wolfelt, Alan

This book is written for parents, teachers, and counselors who have both a desire and a commitment to help children who experience a death. The first chapter provides an introduction and discusses when death education should occur. The second chapter emphasizes the importance of creating a caring relationship with children when death is…

14. Some Ways of Helping Underachievers.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Willings, David; Greenwood, Bill

1990-01-01

A program of intervention called therapeutic tutoring to help underachievers is described. Intervention centers around students' loci of control, through a process of identifying areas in which students feel empowered and relating academic experiences to these areas. Academic exercises based on Monopoly, cricket, rugby, soap operas, field hockey,…

15. Helping Schools Be More Sustainable

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peters, Henricus

2009-01-01

How do children relate to and interact with their natural and built environments? What opportunities in science are schools and other groups offering children to help their environmental encounters to be a positive and healthy--even enjoyable--experience? These are questions raised by the concept of "environmental education"--the…

16. Helping Teachers Improve Classroom Assessments

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emberger, Marcella

2007-01-01

Understanding and implementing effective classroom assessments are skills that are essential to increasing student achievement. Unfortunately, many teachers have had little training in assessment strategies in either graduate or undergraduate programs. Administrators, therefore, must find innovative ways to help their teachers think like assessors…

17. High-Tech Homework Help.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Raskin, Robin

2002-01-01

Discusses how parents can harness computer power to help children learn. Suggestions include: bookmark homework helpers on the Internet, take advantage of playtime to reinforce learning, create a monthly calendar, create a tidy work computer directory system, take advantage of parental progress reports built into software products, outline…

18. Scholarship can help ideas flourish.

PubMed

Pearce, Lynne

2016-03-09

Scholarships from the Florence Nightingale Foundation are providing nurses with the financial means to put innovative ideas into practice. Nurses from all four countries of the UK can apply for leadership, travel and research scholarships to support their career development and help improve patient care.

19. Grief: Helping Young Children Cope

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wood, Frances B.

2008-01-01

In their role as caregivers supporting the children they teach, it is important for teachers to understand the grieving process and recognize symptoms of grief. The author explains Elisabeth Kubler-Ross's five stages of grief and offers 10 classroom strategies to help young children cope with their feelings.

20. Helping SBH Pupils with Handwriting.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anderson, Elizabeth

1979-01-01

The article describes two cases of children (7- and 8 1/2-years-old) with spina bifida and hydrocephalus who participated in a research project to discover whether such children could make significant improvements in writing given appropriate help, and to produce an advisory booklet for teachers. (SBH)

1. Helping Children Develop Cognitive Skills.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gilkerson, Deanna

Designed to help family home care providers understand children's cognitive developmental stages, this manual provides practical suggestions for developing and evaluating children's cognitive skills. The manual is divided into four sections focusing respectively on infants, toddlers, preschool children, and school-aged children. Each section…

2. Helping Girls Who Hate PE

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Curriculum Review, 2008

2008-01-01

A new website is helping girls who doubt their athletic abilities: www.ihategymclass.com. The website encourages girls through articles and an advice column, where girls can bring issues related to sports that they might be embarrassed to take to peers or a physical education teacher. Website founder Heather E. Schwartz says she wanted to reach…

3. Helping Teachers Address Academic Learning

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Carter, Margie

2011-01-01

Children are natural learners, but they need to have their internal, intrinsic motivation to be lifelong learners reinforced. In today's media-driven, pressure cooker world, children don't always know how to engage in the complex play that leads to deeper learning. They often need adult intervention to help them move from simplistic, repetitive…

4. Enlisting Parents' Help with Mathematics.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kahn, Ann P.

1989-01-01

A new national PTA kit, "Math Matters; Kids Are Counting on You," can help all parents make a difference in their children's education. Suggested home activities include doubling cookie recipes, surveying and graphing family ice cream flavor preferences, filling in football "stat" charts, and other tasks easily performed on a…

5. Helping Students Cope with Death.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rodabough, Tillman

1980-01-01

Classroom teachers need to understand the broad differences that exist between a child's perception of death and that of an adult and should be prepared to confront and cope with the effects of death and grief upon students. Children's perceptions of death and ways in which the teacher can help the child with his grief are described. (JN)

6. Helping Children with Reading Disability.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Edgington, Ruth; And Others

Intended for parents helping their children with reading disabilities, the book describes specific activities in eight areas. The eight areas include general suggestions for the study period, hand and eye coordination activities, phonics training, ear training, reading, relaxation activities, muscle memory, writing, and spelling. Thirteen…

7. Getting the Help We Need

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Haertel, Edward

2013-01-01

In validating uses of testing, it is helpful to distinguish those that rely directly on the information provided by scores or score distributions ("direct" uses and consequences) versus those that instead capitalize on the motivational effects of testing, or use testing and test reporting to shape public opinion ("indirect" uses and consequences).…

8. Helping fans to get fit.

PubMed

Trueland, Jennifer

A health and weight loss programme supported by nurses and delivered by professional football clubs in Scotland has been hailed a success in helping men to lose weight sustainably. It uses participants love of football to motivate them to make healthy lifestyle changes.

9. Help Kids WELCOME Disabled Students

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Klotz, Mary Beth

2004-01-01

Inclusion of children with disabilities in today's classrooms poses a challenge to teachers, principals, and parents not only to prepare students with special needs for the classroom, but also to overcome the misconceptions of general education students. The author of this article offers suggestions and strategies designed to help principals and…

10. Helping Students Analyze Business Documents.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Devet, Bonnie

2001-01-01

Notes that student writers gain greater insight into the importance of audience by analyzing business documents. Discusses how business writing teachers can help students understand the rhetorical refinements of writing to an audience. Presents an assignment designed to lead writers systematically through an analysis of two advertisements. (SG)

11. Helping Children Cope with Violence.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wallach, Lorraine B.

1993-01-01

Children who grow up in violent communities are at risk for pathological development because growing up in a constant state of apprehension makes it difficult to establish trust, autonomy, and social competence. Child care professionals need to help at-risk children develop meaningful relationships with adults and peers. (MDM)

12. Ah!Help: A generalized on-line help facility

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Yu, Wong Nai; Mantooth, Charmiane; Soulahakil, Alex

1986-01-01

The idea behind the help facility discussed is relatively simple. It is made unique by the fact that it is written in Ada and uses aspects of the language which make information retrieval rapid and simple. Specifically, the DIRECT IO facility allows for random access into the help files. It is necessary to discuss the advantages of random access over sequential access. The mere fact that the program in written in Ada implies a saving in terms of lines of code. This introduces the possibility of eventually adapting the program to run at the microcomputer level, a major consideration . Additionally, since the program uses only standard Ada generics, it is portable to other systems. This is another aspect which must always be taken into consideration in writting any software package in the modern day world of computer programming.

13. Why humans might help strangers

PubMed Central

Raihani, Nichola J.; Bshary, Redouan

2015-01-01

Humans regularly help strangers, even when interactions are apparently unobserved and unlikely to be repeated. Such situations have been simulated in the laboratory using anonymous one-shot games (e.g., prisoner’s dilemma) where the payoff matrices used make helping biologically altruistic. As in real-life, participants often cooperate in the lab in these one-shot games with non-relatives, despite that fact that helping is under negative selection under these circumstances. Two broad explanations for such behavior prevail. The “big mistake” or “mismatch” theorists argue that behavior is constrained by psychological mechanisms that evolved predominantly in the context of repeated interactions with known individuals. In contrast, the cultural group selection theorists posit that humans have been selected to cooperate in anonymous one-shot interactions due to strong between-group competition, which creates interdependence among in-group members. We present these two hypotheses before discussing alternative routes by which humans could increase their direct fitness by cooperating with strangers under natural conditions. In doing so, we explain why the standard lab games do not capture real-life in various important aspects. First, asymmetries in the cost of perceptual errors regarding the context of the interaction (one-shot vs. repeated; anonymous vs. public) might have selected for strategies that minimize the chance of making costly behavioral errors. Second, helping strangers might be a successful strategy for identifying other cooperative individuals in the population, where partner choice can turn strangers into interaction partners. Third, in contrast to the assumptions of the prisoner’s dilemma model, it is possible that benefits of cooperation follow a non-linear function of investment. Non-linear benefits result in negative frequency dependence even in one-shot games. Finally, in many real-world situations individuals are able to parcel

14. Why humans might help strangers.

PubMed

Raihani, Nichola J; Bshary, Redouan

2015-01-01

Humans regularly help strangers, even when interactions are apparently unobserved and unlikely to be repeated. Such situations have been simulated in the laboratory using anonymous one-shot games (e.g., prisoner's dilemma) where the payoff matrices used make helping biologically altruistic. As in real-life, participants often cooperate in the lab in these one-shot games with non-relatives, despite that fact that helping is under negative selection under these circumstances. Two broad explanations for such behavior prevail. The "big mistake" or "mismatch" theorists argue that behavior is constrained by psychological mechanisms that evolved predominantly in the context of repeated interactions with known individuals. In contrast, the cultural group selection theorists posit that humans have been selected to cooperate in anonymous one-shot interactions due to strong between-group competition, which creates interdependence among in-group members. We present these two hypotheses before discussing alternative routes by which humans could increase their direct fitness by cooperating with strangers under natural conditions. In doing so, we explain why the standard lab games do not capture real-life in various important aspects. First, asymmetries in the cost of perceptual errors regarding the context of the interaction (one-shot vs. repeated; anonymous vs. public) might have selected for strategies that minimize the chance of making costly behavioral errors. Second, helping strangers might be a successful strategy for identifying other cooperative individuals in the population, where partner choice can turn strangers into interaction partners. Third, in contrast to the assumptions of the prisoner's dilemma model, it is possible that benefits of cooperation follow a non-linear function of investment. Non-linear benefits result in negative frequency dependence even in one-shot games. Finally, in many real-world situations individuals are able to parcel investments such that

15. New Help for the Handicapped

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

1984-01-01

L & M Electronics, Inc.'s telemetry system is used to measure degree and location of abnormal muscle activity. This telemetry was originally used to monitor astronauts vital functions. Leg sensors send wireless signals to computer which develops pictures of gait patterns. System records, measures and analyzes muscle activities in limbs and spine. Computer developed pictures of gait patterns help physicians determine potential of corrective surgery, evaluate various types of braces, or decide whether physical therapy may improve motor functions.

16. PLOT3D/AMES, DEC VAX VMS VERSION USING DISSPLA (WITH TURB3D)

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Buning, P.

1994-01-01

PLOT3D is an interactive graphics program designed to help scientists visualize computational fluid dynamics (CFD) grids and solutions. Today, supercomputers and CFD algorithms can provide scientists with simulations of such highly complex phenomena that obtaining an understanding of the simulations has become a major problem. Tools which help the scientist visualize the simulations can be of tremendous aid. PLOT3D/AMES offers more functions and features, and has been adapted for more types of computers than any other CFD graphics program. Version 3.6b+ is supported for five computers and graphic libraries. Using PLOT3D, CFD physicists can view their computational models from any angle, observing the physics of problems and the quality of solutions. As an aid in designing aircraft, for example, PLOT3D's interactive computer graphics can show vortices, temperature, reverse flow, pressure, and dozens of other characteristics of air flow during flight. As critical areas become obvious, they can easily be studied more closely using a finer grid. PLOT3D is part of a computational fluid dynamics software cycle. First, a program such as 3DGRAPE (ARC-12620) helps the scientist generate computational grids to model an object and its surrounding space. Once the grids have been designed and parameters such as the angle of attack, Mach number, and Reynolds number have been specified, a "flow-solver" program such as INS3D (ARC-11794 or COS-10019) solves the system of equations governing fluid flow, usually on a supercomputer. Grids sometimes have as many as two million points, and the "flow-solver" produces a solution file which contains density, x- y- and z-momentum, and stagnation energy for each grid point. With such a solution file and a grid file containing up to 50 grids as input, PLOT3D can calculate and graphically display any one of 74 functions, including shock waves, surface pressure, velocity vectors, and particle traces. PLOT3D's 74 functions are organized into

17. PLOT3D/AMES, GENERIC UNIX VERSION USING DISSPLA (WITHOUT TURB3D)

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Buning, P.

1994-01-01

PLOT3D is an interactive graphics program designed to help scientists visualize computational fluid dynamics (CFD) grids and solutions. Today, supercomputers and CFD algorithms can provide scientists with simulations of such highly complex phenomena that obtaining an understanding of the simulations has become a major problem. Tools which help the scientist visualize the simulations can be of tremendous aid. PLOT3D/AMES offers more functions and features, and has been adapted for more types of computers than any other CFD graphics program. Version 3.6b+ is supported for five computers and graphic libraries. Using PLOT3D, CFD physicists can view their computational models from any angle, observing the physics of problems and the quality of solutions. As an aid in designing aircraft, for example, PLOT3D's interactive computer graphics can show vortices, temperature, reverse flow, pressure, and dozens of other characteristics of air flow during flight. As critical areas become obvious, they can easily be studied more closely using a finer grid. PLOT3D is part of a computational fluid dynamics software cycle. First, a program such as 3DGRAPE (ARC-12620) helps the scientist generate computational grids to model an object and its surrounding space. Once the grids have been designed and parameters such as the angle of attack, Mach number, and Reynolds number have been specified, a "flow-solver" program such as INS3D (ARC-11794 or COS-10019) solves the system of equations governing fluid flow, usually on a supercomputer. Grids sometimes have as many as two million points, and the "flow-solver" produces a solution file which contains density, x- y- and z-momentum, and stagnation energy for each grid point. With such a solution file and a grid file containing up to 50 grids as input, PLOT3D can calculate and graphically display any one of 74 functions, including shock waves, surface pressure, velocity vectors, and particle traces. PLOT3D's 74 functions are organized into

18. PLOT3D/AMES, GENERIC UNIX VERSION USING DISSPLA (WITH TURB3D)

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Buning, P.

1994-01-01

PLOT3D is an interactive graphics program designed to help scientists visualize computational fluid dynamics (CFD) grids and solutions. Today, supercomputers and CFD algorithms can provide scientists with simulations of such highly complex phenomena that obtaining an understanding of the simulations has become a major problem. Tools which help the scientist visualize the simulations can be of tremendous aid. PLOT3D/AMES offers more functions and features, and has been adapted for more types of computers than any other CFD graphics program. Version 3.6b+ is supported for five computers and graphic libraries. Using PLOT3D, CFD physicists can view their computational models from any angle, observing the physics of problems and the quality of solutions. As an aid in designing aircraft, for example, PLOT3D's interactive computer graphics can show vortices, temperature, reverse flow, pressure, and dozens of other characteristics of air flow during flight. As critical areas become obvious, they can easily be studied more closely using a finer grid. PLOT3D is part of a computational fluid dynamics software cycle. First, a program such as 3DGRAPE (ARC-12620) helps the scientist generate computational grids to model an object and its surrounding space. Once the grids have been designed and parameters such as the angle of attack, Mach number, and Reynolds number have been specified, a "flow-solver" program such as INS3D (ARC-11794 or COS-10019) solves the system of equations governing fluid flow, usually on a supercomputer. Grids sometimes have as many as two million points, and the "flow-solver" produces a solution file which contains density, x- y- and z-momentum, and stagnation energy for each grid point. With such a solution file and a grid file containing up to 50 grids as input, PLOT3D can calculate and graphically display any one of 74 functions, including shock waves, surface pressure, velocity vectors, and particle traces. PLOT3D's 74 functions are organized into

19. PLOT3D/AMES, DEC VAX VMS VERSION USING DISSPLA (WITHOUT TURB3D)

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Buning, P. G.

1994-01-01

PLOT3D is an interactive graphics program designed to help scientists visualize computational fluid dynamics (CFD) grids and solutions. Today, supercomputers and CFD algorithms can provide scientists with simulations of such highly complex phenomena that obtaining an understanding of the simulations has become a major problem. Tools which help the scientist visualize the simulations can be of tremendous aid. PLOT3D/AMES offers more functions and features, and has been adapted for more types of computers than any other CFD graphics program. Version 3.6b+ is supported for five computers and graphic libraries. Using PLOT3D, CFD physicists can view their computational models from any angle, observing the physics of problems and the quality of solutions. As an aid in designing aircraft, for example, PLOT3D's interactive computer graphics can show vortices, temperature, reverse flow, pressure, and dozens of other characteristics of air flow during flight. As critical areas become obvious, they can easily be studied more closely using a finer grid. PLOT3D is part of a computational fluid dynamics software cycle. First, a program such as 3DGRAPE (ARC-12620) helps the scientist generate computational grids to model an object and its surrounding space. Once the grids have been designed and parameters such as the angle of attack, Mach number, and Reynolds number have been specified, a "flow-solver" program such as INS3D (ARC-11794 or COS-10019) solves the system of equations governing fluid flow, usually on a supercomputer. Grids sometimes have as many as two million points, and the "flow-solver" produces a solution file which contains density, x- y- and z-momentum, and stagnation energy for each grid point. With such a solution file and a grid file containing up to 50 grids as input, PLOT3D can calculate and graphically display any one of 74 functions, including shock waves, surface pressure, velocity vectors, and particle traces. PLOT3D's 74 functions are organized into

20. PLOT3D/AMES, UNIX SUPERCOMPUTER AND SGI IRIS VERSION (WITH TURB3D)

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Buning, P.

1994-01-01

PLOT3D is an interactive graphics program designed to help scientists visualize computational fluid dynamics (CFD) grids and solutions. Today, supercomputers and CFD algorithms can provide scientists with simulations of such highly complex phenomena that obtaining an understanding of the simulations has become a major problem. Tools which help the scientist visualize the simulations can be of tremendous aid. PLOT3D/AMES offers more functions and features, and has been adapted for more types of computers than any other CFD graphics program. Version 3.6b+ is supported for five computers and graphic libraries. Using PLOT3D, CFD physicists can view their computational models from any angle, observing the physics of problems and the quality of solutions. As an aid in designing aircraft, for example, PLOT3D's interactive computer graphics can show vortices, temperature, reverse flow, pressure, and dozens of other characteristics of air flow during flight. As critical areas become obvious, they can easily be studied more closely using a finer grid. PLOT3D is part of a computational fluid dynamics software cycle. First, a program such as 3DGRAPE (ARC-12620) helps the scientist generate computational grids to model an object and its surrounding space. Once the grids have been designed and parameters such as the angle of attack, Mach number, and Reynolds number have been specified, a "flow-solver" program such as INS3D (ARC-11794 or COS-10019) solves the system of equations governing fluid flow, usually on a supercomputer. Grids sometimes have as many as two million points, and the "flow-solver" produces a solution file which contains density, x- y- and z-momentum, and stagnation energy for each grid point. With such a solution file and a grid file containing up to 50 grids as input, PLOT3D can calculate and graphically display any one of 74 functions, including shock waves, surface pressure, velocity vectors, and particle traces. PLOT3D's 74 functions are organized into

1. PLOT3D/AMES, SGI IRIS VERSION (WITHOUT TURB3D)

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Buning, P.

1994-01-01

PLOT3D is an interactive graphics program designed to help scientists visualize computational fluid dynamics (CFD) grids and solutions. Today, supercomputers and CFD algorithms can provide scientists with simulations of such highly complex phenomena that obtaining an understanding of the simulations has become a major problem. Tools which help the scientist visualize the simulations can be of tremendous aid. PLOT3D/AMES offers more functions and features, and has been adapted for more types of computers than any other CFD graphics program. Version 3.6b+ is supported for five computers and graphic libraries. Using PLOT3D, CFD physicists can view their computational models from any angle, observing the physics of problems and the quality of solutions. As an aid in designing aircraft, for example, PLOT3D's interactive computer graphics can show vortices, temperature, reverse flow, pressure, and dozens of other characteristics of air flow during flight. As critical areas become obvious, they can easily be studied more closely using a finer grid. PLOT3D is part of a computational fluid dynamics software cycle. First, a program such as 3DGRAPE (ARC-12620) helps the scientist generate computational grids to model an object and its surrounding space. Once the grids have been designed and parameters such as the angle of attack, Mach number, and Reynolds number have been specified, a "flow-solver" program such as INS3D (ARC-11794 or COS-10019) solves the system of equations governing fluid flow, usually on a supercomputer. Grids sometimes have as many as two million points, and the "flow-solver" produces a solution file which contains density, x- y- and z-momentum, and stagnation energy for each grid point. With such a solution file and a grid file containing up to 50 grids as input, PLOT3D can calculate and graphically display any one of 74 functions, including shock waves, surface pressure, velocity vectors, and particle traces. PLOT3D's 74 functions are organized into

2. PLOT3D/AMES, UNIX SUPERCOMPUTER AND SGI IRIS VERSION (WITHOUT TURB3D)

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Buning, P.

1994-01-01

PLOT3D is an interactive graphics program designed to help scientists visualize computational fluid dynamics (CFD) grids and solutions. Today, supercomputers and CFD algorithms can provide scientists with simulations of such highly complex phenomena that obtaining an understanding of the simulations has become a major problem. Tools which help the scientist visualize the simulations can be of tremendous aid. PLOT3D/AMES offers more functions and features, and has been adapted for more types of computers than any other CFD graphics program. Version 3.6b+ is supported for five computers and graphic libraries. Using PLOT3D, CFD physicists can view their computational models from any angle, observing the physics of problems and the quality of solutions. As an aid in designing aircraft, for example, PLOT3D's interactive computer graphics can show vortices, temperature, reverse flow, pressure, and dozens of other characteristics of air flow during flight. As critical areas become obvious, they can easily be studied more closely using a finer grid. PLOT3D is part of a computational fluid dynamics software cycle. First, a program such as 3DGRAPE (ARC-12620) helps the scientist generate computational grids to model an object and its surrounding space. Once the grids have been designed and parameters such as the angle of attack, Mach number, and Reynolds number have been specified, a "flow-solver" program such as INS3D (ARC-11794 or COS-10019) solves the system of equations governing fluid flow, usually on a supercomputer. Grids sometimes have as many as two million points, and the "flow-solver" produces a solution file which contains density, x- y- and z-momentum, and stagnation energy for each grid point. With such a solution file and a grid file containing up to 50 grids as input, PLOT3D can calculate and graphically display any one of 74 functions, including shock waves, surface pressure, velocity vectors, and particle traces. PLOT3D's 74 functions are organized into

3. PLOT3D/AMES, SGI IRIS VERSION (WITH TURB3D)

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Buning, P.

1994-01-01

PLOT3D is an interactive graphics program designed to help scientists visualize computational fluid dynamics (CFD) grids and solutions. Today, supercomputers and CFD algorithms can provide scientists with simulations of such highly complex phenomena that obtaining an understanding of the simulations has become a major problem. Tools which help the scientist visualize the simulations can be of tremendous aid. PLOT3D/AMES offers more functions and features, and has been adapted for more types of computers than any other CFD graphics program. Version 3.6b+ is supported for five computers and graphic libraries. Using PLOT3D, CFD physicists can view their computational models from any angle, observing the physics of problems and the quality of solutions. As an aid in designing aircraft, for example, PLOT3D's interactive computer graphics can show vortices, temperature, reverse flow, pressure, and dozens of other characteristics of air flow during flight. As critical areas become obvious, they can easily be studied more closely using a finer grid. PLOT3D is part of a computational fluid dynamics software cycle. First, a program such as 3DGRAPE (ARC-12620) helps the scientist generate computational grids to model an object and its surrounding space. Once the grids have been designed and parameters such as the angle of attack, Mach number, and Reynolds number have been specified, a "flow-solver" program such as INS3D (ARC-11794 or COS-10019) solves the system of equations governing fluid flow, usually on a supercomputer. Grids sometimes have as many as two million points, and the "flow-solver" produces a solution file which contains density, x- y- and z-momentum, and stagnation energy for each grid point. With such a solution file and a grid file containing up to 50 grids as input, PLOT3D can calculate and graphically display any one of 74 functions, including shock waves, surface pressure, velocity vectors, and particle traces. PLOT3D's 74 functions are organized into

4. Helping parents with sex education.

PubMed

Wakley, Gill

2011-01-01

Health visitors, school nurses and other community nurses are sometimes asked for advice by parents and carers on the emerging sexuality of their children. Parents often lack knowledge about sexual development and are confused about whether to talk to their children about sex. They may have been brought up in a family where sex was not mentioned. They are worried that they do not have the skills or the knowledge to help their children. They do not know whether to leave it all to the school or not allow their children to have any information. All the evidence shows that children who have had their questions answered and who know about sex and relationships start sexual activity later, use contraception more reliably and are less likely to cause or have an unwanted pregnancy. Sex education should be part of the ordinary information and moral guidance that parents normally give and should start as early as possible. The type of advice to give to parents and carers is split into age ranges that they might find helpful. Examples of language and the level of information required are given. A list of resources for further guidance is included.

5. Do Dogs Provide Information Helpfully?

PubMed Central

Piotti, Patrizia; Kaminski, Juliane

2016-01-01

Dogs are particularly skilful during communicative interactions with humans. Dogs’ abilities to use human communicative cues in cooperative contexts outcompete those of other species, and might be the result of selection pressures during domestication. Dogs also produce signals to direct the attention of humans towards outside entities, a behaviour often referred to as showing behaviour. This showing behaviour in dogs is thought to be something dogs use intentionally and referentially. However, there is currently no evidence that dogs communicate helpfully, i.e. to inform an ignorant human about a target that is of interest to the human but not to the dog. Communicating with a helpful motive is particularly interesting because it might suggest that dogs understand the human’s goals and need for information. In study 1, we assessed whether dogs would abandon an object that they find interesting in favour of an object useful for their human partner, a random novel distractor, or an empty container. Results showed that it was mainly self-interest that was driving the dogs’ behaviour. The dogs mainly directed their behaviour towards the object they had an interest in, but dogs were more persistent when showing the object relevant to the human, suggesting that to some extent they took the humans interest into account. Another possibility is that dogs’ behaviour was driven by an egocentric motivation to interact with novel targets and that the dogs’ neophila might have masked their helpful tendencies. Therefore, in study 2 the dogs had initial access to both objects, and were expected to indicate only one (relevant or distractor). The human partner interacted with the dog using vocal communication in half of the trials, and remaining silent in the other half. Dogs from both experimental groups, i.e. indicating the relevant object or indicating the distractor, established joint attention with the human. However, the human’s vocal communication and the presence

6. Standing alone with prosodic help*

PubMed Central

Frazier, Lyn; Clifton, Charles; Carlson, Katy; Harris, Jesse A.

2013-01-01

Two partially independent issues are addressed in two auditory rating studies: under what circumstances is a sub-string of a sentence identified as a stand-alone sentence, and under what circumstances do globally ill-formed but ‘locally coherent’ analyses (Tabor, Galantucci, & Richardson., 2004) emerge? A new type of locally coherent structure is established in Experiment 1, where a that-less complement clause is at least temporarily analyzed as a stand-alone sentence when it corresponds to a prosodic phrase. In Experiment 2, reduced relative clause structures like those in Tabor et al. were investigated. As in Experiment 1, the root sentence (mis-)analyses emerged most frequently when the locally coherent clause corresponded to a prosodic phrase. However, a substantial number of locally coherent analyses emerged even without prosodic help, especially in examples with for-datives (which do not grammatically permit a reduced relative clause structure for some speakers). Overall, the results suggest that prosodic grouping of constituents encourages analysis of a sub-string as a root sentence, and raise the question of whether all local coherence structures involve analysis of an utterance-final sub-string as a root sentence. PMID:24729648

7. Helping Those in Need: Human Service Workers

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Moffat, Colleen Teixeira

2011-01-01

Many people experience hardship and need help. This help is provided by a network of agencies and organizations, both public and private. Staffed by human service workers, this network, and the kinds of help it offers, is as varied as the clients it serves. Human service workers help clients become more self-sufficient. The first section of this…

8. Help-Seeking Attitudes among Israeli Adolescents.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tishby, Orya; Turel, Miriam; Gumpel, Omer; Pinus, Uri; Lavy, Shlomit Ben; Winokour, Miriam; Sznajderman, Semi

2001-01-01

Study investigated the willingness of Israeli adolescents to seek help for emotional and health problems, and their preference for various helping agents. Gender and age were identified as factors associated with help seeking attitudes. In general, adolescents preferred seeking help from family and peers, rather than professionals, for emotional…

9. Smoking - Medicines to Help You Quit

MedlinePlus

... Consumers Consumer Information by Audience For Women Smoking - Medicines To Help You Quit Share Tweet Linkedin Pin ... name of your product at: Drugs@FDA. Other Medicines to Help You Quit Some prescription medicines have ...

10. Exercise Helps Ease Arthritis Pain and Stiffness

MedlinePlus

... is crucial for people with arthritis. It increases strength and flexibility, reduces joint pain, and helps combat ... muscles around your joints Help you maintain bone strength Give you more energy to get through the ...

11. Can Stem Cell 'Patch' Help Heart Failure?

MedlinePlus

... https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_164475.html Can Stem Cell 'Patch' Help Heart Failure? Small improvement seen over ... Scientists report another step in the use of stem cells to help treat people with debilitating heart failure. ...

12. Teaching helping to adolescents with autism.

PubMed

Day-Watkins, Jessica; Murray, Rachel; Connell, James E

2014-01-01

This study is a replication and extension of Reeve, Reeve, Townsend, and Poulson (2007) evaluating the effects of a treatment package that included multiple-exemplar training, video modeling, prompting, and reinforcement on helping of 3 adolescents with autism. Results demonstrated that all participants acquired the helping responses. Probes before and after intervention also demonstrated generalization of helping across settings and categories of helping behavior.

13. Anticipated Guilt for Not Helping and Anticipated Warm Glow for Helping Are Differently Impacted by Personal Responsibility to Help

PubMed Central

Erlandsson, Arvid; Jungstrand, Amanda Å.; Västfjäll, Daniel

2016-01-01

One important motivation for people behaving prosocially is that they want to avoid negative and obtain positive emotions. In the prosocial behavior literature however, the motivations to avoid negative emotions (e.g., guilt) and to approach positive emotions (e.g., warm glow) are rarely separated, and sometimes even aggregated into a single mood-management construct. The aim of this study was to investigate whether anticipated guilt if not helping and anticipated warm glow if helping are influenced similarly or differently when varying situational factors related to personal responsibility to help. Helping scenarios were created and pilot tests established that each helping scenario could be formulated both in a high-responsibility version and in a low-responsibility version. In Study 1 participants read high-responsibility and low-responsibility helping scenarios, and rated either their anticipated guilt if not helping or their anticipated warm glow if helping (i.e., separate evaluation). Study 2 was similar but here participants rated both their anticipated guilt if not helping and their anticipated warm glow if helping (i.e., joint evaluation). Anticipated guilt was clearly higher in the high-responsibility versions, but anticipated warm glow was unaffected (in Studies 1a and 1b), or even higher in the low-responsibility versions (Study 2). In Studies 3 (where anticipated guilt and warm glow were evaluated separately) and 4 (where they were evaluated jointly), personal responsibility to help was manipulated within-subjects. Anticipated guilt was again constantly higher in the high-responsibility versions but for many types of responsibility-manipulations, anticipated warm glow was higher in the low-responsibility versions. The results suggest that we anticipate guilt if not fulfilling our responsibility but that we anticipate warm glow primarily when doing over and beyond our responsibility. We argue that future studies investigating motivations for helping

14. Help Options in CALL: A Systematic Review

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cardenas-Claros, Monica S.; Gruba, Paul A.

2009-01-01

This paper is a systematic review of research investigating help options in the different language skills in computer-assisted language learning (CALL). In this review, emerging themes along with is-sues affecting help option research are identified and discussed. We argue that help options in CALL are application resources that do not only seem…

15. Helping Children Overcome Reading Difficulties. ERIC Digest.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Smith, Carl B.; Sensenbaugh, Roger

This digest discusses children with reading difficulties and how these children can be helped to read and learn more effectively. The digest offers a definition and discussion of dyslexia, examines instructional conditions that help the reading comprehension of children labeled as learning disabled, offers suggestions for choosing helpful reading…

16. Harried Principals Aren't Helpful Principals

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Connolly, Mike

2007-01-01

A harried leader is not a helpful leader. Schools need calm, well-balanced, helpful leaders as much as they need visionary ones. In fact, in this era of frenetic change in schools, principals should devote at least as much time to helping teachers be more focused and less frantic as they do to formulating new visions for the school or embarking on…

17. Helping Youth Decide: A Workshop Guide.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Duquette, Donna Marie; Boo, Katherine

This guide was written to complement the publication "Helping Youth Decide," a manual designed to help parents develop effective parent-child communication and help their children make responsible decisions during the adolescent years. The workshop guide is intended to assist people who work with families to provide additional information and…

18. College Students' Intentions to Seek Help for Suicidal Ideation: Accounting for the Help-Negation Effect

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Yakunina, Elena S.; Rogers, James R.; Waehler, Charles A.; Werth, James L., Jr.

2010-01-01

Prior research has identified a negative association between suicidal ideation and help-seeking, a phenomenon called "help-negation." Help-negation has been documented to occur for both professional and nonprofessional sources of help. In this study help-seeking attitudes, stigma concerns, and perceptions of social support were examined as…

19. Helping You Choose Quality Behavioral Health Care

MedlinePlus

Helping You Choose Quality Behavioral Health Care Selecting quality behavioral health care services for yourself, a relative or friend requires special thought and attention. The Joint Commission on ...

20. Infants Help a Non-Human Agent

PubMed Central

Kenward, Ben; Gredebäck, Gustaf

2013-01-01

Young children can be motivated to help adults by sympathetic concern based upon empathy, but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. One account of empathy-based sympathetic helping in adults states that it arises due to direct-matching mirror-system mechanisms which allow the observer to vicariously experience the situation of the individual in need of help. This mechanism could not account for helping of a geometric-shape agent lacking human-isomorphic body-parts. Here 17-month-olds observed a ball-shaped non-human agent trying to reach a goal but failing because it was blocked by a barrier. Infants helped the agent by lifting it over the barrier. They performed this action less frequently in a control condition in which the barrier could not be construed as blocking the agent. Direct matching is therefore not required for motivating helping in infants, indicating that at least some of our early helpful tendencies do not depend on human-specific mechanisms. Empathy-based mechanisms that do not require direct-matching provide one plausible basis for the observed helping. A second possibility is that rather than being based on empathy, the observed helping occurred as a result of a goal-contagion process in which the infants were primed with the unfulfilled goal. PMID:24058657

1. WE-H-201-01: The Opportunities and Benefits of Helping LMICs: How Helping Them Can Help You.

PubMed

Pollard, J

2016-06-01

The desperate need for radiotherapy in low and mid-income countries (LMICs) has been well documented. Roughly 60 % of the worldwide incidence of cancer occurs in these resource-limited settings and the international community alongside governmental and non-profit agencies have begun publishing reports and seeking help from qualified volunteers. However, the focus of several reports has been on how dire the situation is and the magnitude of the problem, leaving most to feel overwhelmed and unsure as to how to help and why to get involved. This session will help to explain the specific ways that Medical Physicists can uniquely assist in this grand effort to help bring radiotherapy to grossly-underserved areas. Not only can these experts fulfill an important purpose, they also can benefit professionally, academically, emotionally and socially from the endeavor. By assisting others worldwide with their skillset, Medical Physicists can end up helping themselves.

2. Children's Recognition of Pride and Guilt as Consequences of Helping and Not Helping.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shorr, David N.; McClelland, Stephen E.

1998-01-01

Investigated the relationship between young children's age and their recognition that helping or choosing not to help can cause feelings of pride or guilt. Found age differences in identifying helping-action or inaction as causes, but little support for the hypothesis that identification of guilt as a consequence of not helping would…

3. The Trauma of Terrorism: Helping Children Cope.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Berson, Ilene R.; Berson, Michael J.

2001-01-01

Focuses on how to help young people cope with the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. Discusses the reactions of students and social studies teachers. Explores how to discuss the students' feelings about the events to help them cope. Includes a list of Web sites. (CMK)

4. Helping Young Children in Frightening Times.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young Children, 2001

2001-01-01

Presents ways parents and other adults can help young children deal with tragedy and violence in the wake of terrorist attacks on the United States. Suggests giving reassurance and physical comfort, providing structure and stability, expecting a range of reactions, helping children to talk if they are ready, turning off the television, and…

5. Helping Your Child in Reading in Science.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ediger, Marlow

Parents can help students learn science in a variety of ways. Taking advantage of children's natural curiosity, parents can take short walks with their child to notice interesting things in the environment. Parents can also help students perform science experiments at home that are related to school science experiments. In addition, parents can…

6. Natural and Professional Help during Marital Disruption.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Toro, Paul A.; Zax, Melvin

Although few people bring their psychological problems to mental health professionals, research in the area of 'natural' help is rudimentary. To investigate the process and effectiveness of natural professional groups in helping individuals experiencing marital disruption, 42 helpers (14 mental health professionals, 14 divorce lawyers, and 14…

7. Causal Indicators Can Help to Interpret Factors

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bentler, Peter M.

2016-01-01

The latent factor in a causal indicator model is no more than the latent factor of the factor part of the model. However, if the causal indicator variables are well-understood and help to improve the prediction of individuals' factor scores, they can help to interpret the meaning of the latent factor. Aguirre-Urreta, Rönkkö, and Marakas (2016)…

8. Manufacturing techniques help turn ED around.

PubMed

2005-05-01

Borrowing quality tools from other industries can help give you a new perspective on the operations of your ED. Computer simulations can help you visualize impact of patient arrivals at peak hours. A flexible approach opens up new options for using existing space more efficiently. 'Manufacturing' approach enables you to break down large processes into more manageable subsets.

9. School Helping Students Deal with Loss

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA, 2005

2005-01-01

In the aftermath of a natural disaster, schools may need to plan to address the suffering and loss of many. These Guidance Notes discuss five areas in which schools can help students cope with loss: (1) Fostering Resiliency; (2) Facilitating and Fostering Social Ties and Resources; (3) Stages of Grieving; (4) Helping Students Deal with Loss; and…

10. Helping Your Child Become a Reader

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

US Department of Education, 2008

2008-01-01

"Helping Your Child Become a Reader" includes information about why and how to use language skills (talking and listening, reading, and writing) to help young children grow into readers. Everyday activities and a list of resources for parents to encourage children's love of reading and strengthen language skills are also provided. This brochure…

11. Helping Your Child through a Divorce

MedlinePlus

... 2-Year-Old Helping Your Child Through a Divorce KidsHealth > For Parents > Helping Your Child Through a Divorce Print A A A What's in this article? ... divorcio Thousands of kids experience the stress of divorce each year. How they react depends on their ...

12. Getting Real: Helping Teens Find Their Future.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gray, Kenneth

This book seeks to provide educators, parents, employers, and communities with specific strategies to help teenagers pinpoint the disparity between their preconceived career notions and aspirations, and the realities of the new economic and labor markets. This book advocates helping students develop a plan for career success, which may or may not…

13. Helping Your Child Deal with Death

MedlinePlus

... 2-Year-Old Helping Your Child Deal With Death KidsHealth > For Parents > Helping Your Child Deal With Death A A A en español Cómo ayudar a ... has lost a loved one: When talking about death, use simple, clear words. To break the news ...

14. Students' Help Seeking during Physical Education

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nye, Susan B.

2008-01-01

Seeking help with academic tasks has been regarded as an important strategy to enhance student learning (Newman, 1994; Ryan, Gheen, & Midgley, 1998; Zimmerman & Martinez-Pons, 1986). Seeking help is conceptualized as student-initiated efforts to secure task information or solicit advice when a deficiency in their understanding of the content…

15. Helping Your Child Deal with Death

MedlinePlus

... 2-Year-Old Helping Your Child Deal With Death KidsHealth > For Parents > Helping Your Child Deal With Death Print A A A en español Cómo ayudar ... has lost a loved one: When talking about death, use simple, clear words. To break the news ...

16. Teaching Helping to Adolescents with Autism

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Day-Watkins, Jessica; Murray, Rachel; Connell, James E.

2014-01-01

This study is a replication and extension of Reeve, Reeve, Townsend, and Poulson (2007) evaluating the effects of a treatment package that included multiple-exemplar training, video modeling, prompting, and reinforcement on helping of 3 adolescents with autism. Results demonstrated that all participants acquired the helping responses. Probes…

17. Helping and Cooperation in Children with Autism

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Liebal, Kristin; Colombi, Costanza; Rogers, Sally J.; Warneken, Felix; Tomasello, Michael

2008-01-01

Helping and cooperation are central to human social life. Here, we report two studies investigating these social behaviors in children with autism and children with developmental delay. In the first study, both groups of children helped the experimenter attain her goals. In the second study, both groups of children cooperated with an adult, but…

18. Help Your Kids Be Savvy about Sunglasses.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

PTA Today, 1994

1994-01-01

Children need to protect their eyes from the sun's harmful rays. Sunglasses with ultraviolet (UV) protection can help enhance the eye's ability to filter out damaging rays, but sunglasses without such protection may allow in more harmful rays. The article presents guidelines to help parents select safe, appropriate sunglasses for their children.…

19. Helping Students Cope with Fears and Crises.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Walz, Garry R., Ed.; Bleuer, Jeanne C., Ed.

This document consists of two modules extracted from a six-module larger work. Module 1 presents six articles on the topic of "helping students to cope with fears and crises." Module 2 contains 17 articles on "programs and practices for helping students cope with fears and crises." Article titles and authors are as follows: (1)…

20. A Community Network for Helping Families.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Downing, Jerry; And Others

1993-01-01

Advocates that counseling professionals work together as team in helping families. Contends that quality of care provided is improved by coordinated network of helping professionals. Discusses advantages of community network, identifies obstacles to implementing networks, reviews related literature, lists assumptions upon which team approach is…

1. Listeners' Interactions with Help Options in CALL

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cárdenas-Claros, Mónica Stella; Gruba, Paul A.

2014-01-01

Help options, or in-built application resources designed to provide assistance, have long been an integral component of computer-based second language (L2) listening materials. Despite their potential to promote comprehension and efficiency, research on the role of help options has lagged. Previous research has found that learners do not often…

2. Helping them stay where they are: status effects on dependency/autonomy-oriented helping.

PubMed

Nadler, Arie; Chernyak-Hai, Lily

2014-01-01

On the basis of expectation states theory and Weiner's attributional model of help giving (Weiner, 1980), we predicted that low-status help seekers would be viewed as chronically dependent and their need as due to lack of ability, leading to the giving of dependency-oriented help (i.e., full solution to the problem). High-status help seekers were expected to be viewed as competent and their request as representing their high motivation to overcome a transient difficulty, resulting in autonomy-oriented help (i.e., tools to solve the problem). Help seeking is viewed as a stigma-consistent behavior that implies weakness when help seekers are low-status individuals and as strength when they are high-status individuals. Three experiments supported these predictions. The 4th experiment indicated that low-status persons who seek autonomy-oriented help are not seen as chronically dependent. Implications of these findings for helping and inequality are discussed.

3. Intervention: Help a Loved One Overcome Addiction

MedlinePlus

... you and others involved in your loved one's life can make changes that may help. Ask other people involved to avoid enabling the destructive cycle of behavior and take active steps to encourage ...

4. Pneumonia Can Be Prevented -- Vaccines Can Help

MedlinePlus

... Past Emails CDC Features Pneumonia Can Be Prevented—Vaccines Can Help Language: English Español (Spanish) Recommend on ... like antibiotics and antivirals). Lower Your Risk with Vaccines In the United States, there are vaccines that ...

5. Brisk Walk May Help Sidestep Heart Disease

MedlinePlus

... fullstory_162978.html Brisk Walk May Help Sidestep Heart Disease In just 10 weeks, cholesterol, blood pressure and ... at moderate intensity may lower the risk of heart disease, a small study suggests. "We know walking is ...

6. High Cholesterol: Medicines to Help You

MedlinePlus

... Consumers Consumer Information by Audience For Women High Cholesterol--Medicines To Help You Share Tweet Linkedin Pin ... side effects for each drug, check Drugs@FDA . Cholesterol Absorption Inhibitors Brand Name Generic Name Zetia Ezetimibe ...

7. Helping You Choose Quality Ambulatory Care

MedlinePlus

... Quality Check ® at www. qualitycheck. org to find Joint Commission accredited ambulatory care centers. • Can you get a ... Helping Your Choose series is published by The Joint Commission, the largest health care accrediting body in the ...

8. Helping Your Child Deal with Peer Pressure

MedlinePlus

... child know how you feel about stealing, cheating, bullying, and more. When a child knows something is ... Article >>Family HealthHelping Kids Deal With BulliesBullying and cyberbullying can happen in any city or town and ...

9. Self-Checks Help Spot Melanoma's Return

MedlinePlus

... news/fullstory_163682.html Self-Checks Help Spot Melanoma's Return Patient-detected symptoms were most common way ... Feb. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Self-checks by melanoma skin cancer patients play an important role in ...

10. Fruit Flies Help Human Sleep Research

MedlinePlus

Skip Navigation Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Fruit Flies Help Human Sleep Research Past Issues / Summer 2007 ... courtesy of NIGMS Neuroscientist Chiara Cirelli uses experimental fruit flies to study sleep. Although it may be tough ...

11. Exercise Helps Counter Cancer-Linked Fatigue

MedlinePlus

... and physical activity for the ACS. She said exercise has many benefits, not just helping to ease fatigue. "But because ... fatigue and gain some of the many other benefits of exercise [both during and after treatment]: reduced stress, less ...

12. 'Love Hormone' Helps Dads and Babies Bond

MedlinePlus

... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_163657.html 'Love Hormone' Helps Dads and Babies Bond Brain scans ... 2017 FRIDAY, Feb. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- The "love hormone" oxytocin may program fathers to bond with ...

13. Help your teen cope with stress

MedlinePlus

... to help out at home or deal with bullying or peer pressure. Whatever the cause, starting down ... and work or sports Having problems with friends, bullying, or peer group pressures Becoming sexually active or ...

14. Tips to Help You Get Active

MedlinePlus

... Alternate Language URL Tips to Help You Get Active Page Content Introduction Why should I be physically ... of this brochure. Why should I be physically active? ​Regular physical activity may improve your health in ...

15. Birth Control: Medicines to Help You

MedlinePlus

... Consumer Information by Audience For Women Free Publications Birth Control: Medicines To Help You Share Tweet Linkedin Pin ... for you. Types of Medicines and Devices for Birth Control Permanent Sterilization Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptives (LARC) Contraceptive ...

16. Are There Treatments That Can Help Me?

MedlinePlus

... can be a soft “shhhhhhhhhhh,” random tones, or music. Tabletop sound generators are used as an aid ... to deliver a broadband acoustic signal embedded in music. The treatment helps stimulate change in the neural ...

17. Depression--Medicines To Help You

MedlinePlus

... For Consumers Consumer Information by Audience For Women Depression--Medicines To Help You Share Tweet Linkedin Pin ... medicines for depression. Important Warnings about Medicines for Depression Children and teens who take antidepressants may be ...

18. Beating Depression …Help Is Available

MedlinePlus

... Navigation Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Beating Depression …Help Is Available Past Issues / Summer 2007 Table ... treatments are available from your physician. Types of Depression Just like other illnesses, such as heart disease, ...

19. The Freshman Seminar Course: Helping Students Succeed.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gordon, Virginia N.; Grites, Thomas J.

1984-01-01

Provides a rationale for the development of courses for freshmen that are designed to help them achieve the most benefit from their college experience. Discusses course goals, format, credit, grading, content, enrollment, and evaluation. (JAC)

20. Finally, Proof That Hearing Aids Help

MedlinePlus

... news/fullstory_163889.html Finally, Proof That Hearing Aids Help High-quality digital devices provide 'significant benefit' ... but solid evidence about the value of hearing aids has been lacking -- until now. New research findings " ...

1. HIV and AIDS: Medicines to Help You

MedlinePlus

... by Audience For Women Free Publications HIV and AIDS--Medicines to Help You Share Tweet Linkedin Pin ... HIV treatment. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. HIV stands for H uman I mmunodeficiency V ...

2. Asking for Help: A Relational Perspective on Help Seeking in the Workplace

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

van der Rijt, Janine; Van den Bossche, Piet; van de Wiel, Margje W. J.; De Maeyer, Sven; Gijselaers, Wim H.; Segers, Mien S. R.

2013-01-01

In the context of the complexity of today's organizations, help seeking behavior is considered as an important step to problem solving and learning in organizations. Yet, help seeking has received less attention in organizational literature. To increase the potential impact of help seeking on learning, it is essential to understand which…

3. Addressing Helping Competencies in Student Affairs: Analysis of Helping Skills Course Syllabi

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reynolds, Amy L.; Altabef, David

2015-01-01

Helping skills are increasingly viewed as essential competencies for student affairs practitioners. The purpose of this study was to examine the helping competencies covered in student affairs professional preparation programs. The authors examined 16 syllabi of helping-skills courses in student affairs programs and compared this analysis to…

4. Help-Seeking and Help-Giving for Teen Dating Violence

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Weisz, Arlene N.; Black, Beverly M.

2009-01-01

This article is based on numerous research projects conducted by the authors on adolescent dating violence. It reviews the results of those projects as they relate to how teens seek help for dating violence and how teens provide help to their friends in violent dating relationships. It concludes with helpful strategies for adults who work with…

5. Norway rats reciprocate help according to the quality of help they received.

PubMed

Dolivo, Vassilissa; Taborsky, Michael

2015-02-01

Direct reciprocity, according to the decision rule 'help someone who has helped you before', reflects cooperation based on the principle of postponed benefits. A predominant factor influencing Homo sapiens' motivation to reciprocate is an individual's perceived benefit resulting from the value of received help. But hitherto it has been unclear whether other species also base their decision to cooperate on the quality of received help. Previous experiments have demonstrated that Norway rats, Rattus norvegicus, cooperate using direct reciprocity decision rules in a variant of the iterated Prisoner's Dilemma, where they preferentially help cooperators instead of defectors. But, as the quality of obtained benefits has not been varied, it is yet unclear whether rats use the value of received help as decision criterion to pay help back. Here, we tested whether rats distinguish between different cooperators depending purely on the quality of their help. Our data show that a rat's propensity to reciprocate help is, indeed, adjusted to the perceived quality of the partner's previous help. When cooperating with two conspecific partners expending the same effort, rats apparently rely on obtained benefit to adjust their level of returned help.

6. Evaluation of help model replacement codes

SciTech Connect

Whiteside, Tad; Hang, Thong; Flach, Gregory

2009-07-01

This work evaluates the computer codes that are proposed to be used to predict percolation of water through the closure-cap and into the waste containment zone at the Department of Energy closure sites. This work compares the currently used water-balance code (HELP) with newly developed computer codes that use unsaturated flow (Richards’ equation). It provides a literature review of the HELP model and the proposed codes, which result in two recommended codes for further evaluation: HYDRUS-2D3D and VADOSE/W. This further evaluation involved performing actual simulations on a simple model and comparing the results of those simulations to those obtained with the HELP code and the field data. From the results of this work, we conclude that the new codes perform nearly the same, although moving forward, we recommend HYDRUS-2D3D.

7. How midwives can help with perinatal depression.

PubMed

Morton, Joanne

2014-03-01

In 2011 a national children's charity led a campaign that identified why help with postnatal depression (PND) needed to improve; however PND remains a huge problem. Numerous cases are still coming to light where a mother has not sought help or has not been given adequate support, with disastrous consequences. Why is this still happening and what can health professionals do? Former practising midwife and specialist PND counsellor at a charity supporting women and families suffering from PND, Joanne Morton discusses why increasing awareness, education and understanding of perinatal illness are vital to limit the devastating effects of antenatal depression (AND) and PND and how standards of care must improve to help mothers in need.

8. Helping Children Form Connections through Field Trips

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Boyce, Carol Gratsch

2006-01-01

One of the most important things early childhood professionals can do for children is to help them form connections that promote the development of confidence and self-esteem, encourage the risk-taking that is needed to try new things, and contribute to a sense of well-being and belonging. Field trips are a wonderful way to foster these…

9. The Effects of Anger on Helping Behavior.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sterling, Bruce S.; Gaertner, Samuel L.

Subjects were angered or not angered during a bogus experimental task following which their assistance was solicited. Consistent with derivations from Rawling's concept of Anticipatory Guilt, the results indicated that anger facilitated helping only when the lone bystander's anger was directed toward the victim of an emergency. However, anger…

10. How To Help Beginning Teachers Succeed.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gordon, Stephen P.

Many beginning teachers leave the profession after only 2 years. In an effort to help beginning teachers succeed, the Beginning Teacher Assistance Program (BTAP) was created to combat unforseen difficulties. The main difficulties are environmental in nature: (1) difficult work assignments; (2) unclear expectations; (3) inadequate resources; (4)…

11. A Humanistic Framework for Helping Students

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Myers, David M.; Rosenberger, Eric

2012-01-01

Humans, as social creatures, look to others for affiliation, support, and guidance while also having the capacity to offer something of value to someone in need (understanding, compassion, reassurance, hope, etc.). While offering such support can be easy, almost innate, for some and less natural for others, basic helping skills can be learned and…

12. Helping Students Reflect: Lessons from Cognitive Psychology

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Poole, Gary; Jones, Lydia; Whitfield, Michael

2013-01-01

The challenges of teaching students to reflect on experience and, thus, learn from it, are better understood with the application of constructs from cognitive psychology. The present paper focuses on two such constructs--self-schemas and scripts--to help educators better understand both the threats and opportunities associated with effective…

13. Mystery Boxes: Helping Children Improve Their Reasoning

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rule, Audrey C.

2007-01-01

This guest editorial describes ways teachers can use guessing games about an unknown item in a "mystery box" to help children improve their abilities to listen to others, recall information, ask purposeful questions, classify items by class, make inferences, synthesize information, and draw conclusions. The author presents information…

14. Changing Attitudes toward Seeking Professional Help.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chrisler, Joan C.

Despite the increasing acceptance of the value of psychotherapy, there are still those who think people should solve their own problems. A study was conducted to investigate the attitudes of college students toward seeking professional help before and after taking a course in abnormal psychology to determine whether exposure to the purposes and…

15. Need Tech Help? Call on the Kids.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sturgeon, Julie

1999-01-01

Describes how one school district resolved problems and saved money with its classroom computers with the help of a formal technology plan and its students. Describes how students were organized to troubleshoot for computer-related problems, the mutual benefits derived from the effort, and several best-practice tips to use on such an approach. (GR)

16. How to Help Your Child Start School.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ryan, Bernard, Jr.

The purpose of this book is to help parents and their prekindergarten children toward an awareness of what school is and an expectation of what it can be. Part I provides information on (1) the child's fifth year of development (needs, intelligence, and sensory experience); (2) the nature of kindergarten schooling (including a brief history of…

17. Helping Adult Students with Test Anxiety. Techniques.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gadell, Michael

1989-01-01

Suggestions are made regarding ways teachers can help adult learners reduce their test anxiety. These general comments apply to content-oriented courses and may have some general applicability to all testing situations. The suggestions include clearly characterizing the test prior to its administration, planning for last-minute questions on test…

18. Helping the Homeless in School and out

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Holgersson-Shorter, Helena

2010-01-01

Homeless children can be hard to identify and even harder to help. But teachers can do a great deal to make sure that they do not fall through the cracks. Teachers of highly mobile students must develop the skills to make these children and youth feel welcome while quickly weaving them into classroom routines. They must rapidly assess new…

19. Competitive Sports: Helping Kids Play it Cool

MedlinePlus

... a Coach What Teens Want in a Coach Sports Medicine Center Is Your Child Too Busy? Sportsmanship Helping Kids Cope With Stress Childhood Stress Kids Talk About: Coaches What Kids Want in a Coach Relax & Unwind Center What If I Don't Like Sports? Taking the Pressure Off Sports Competition What Girls ...

20. Counselor Intentionality and Effective Helping. ERIC Digest.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schmidt, John J.

This digest on counselor intentionality notes that the counseling profession has historically searched for characteristics and behaviors that contribute to successful helping relationships. It identifies one such characteristic, the counselor's level and degree of intentionality, as relating to the notion that successful counselors select their…

1. Study Surfaces Helpful Hints for Teachers.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational R&D Report, 1979

1979-01-01

THE FOLLOWING IS THE FULL TEXT OF THIS DOCUMENT Far West Laboratory researchers involved in the Beginning Teacher Evaluation Study contend that increasing Academic Learning Time promotes basic skills achievement among elementary school children. During the course of the six-year study, researchers identified numerous "helpful hints" for…

2. Using Motivational Interviewing to Help Your Students

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sheldon, Lisa A.

2010-01-01

Motivational interviewing, which began as a counseling technique in addiction recovery, is a client-centered tool for making changes, increasing helpful behaviors and decreasing unhelpful behaviors. It relies on an individual's intrinsic motivation and interest in change, using a non-confrontational approach to frame goals in a practical,…

3. Helping Language Learners Think about Learning.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wenden, Anita

1986-01-01

Describes the beliefs about how to learn a second language held by 34 adults studying English as a second language and how these beliefs may influence what they do to learn. Describes eight modules designed to help these learners discover their own beliefs and consider alternative views. (SED)

4. Helping Homeless People: Unique Challenges and Solutions.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Solomon, Clemmie, Ed.; Jackson-Jobe, Peggy, Ed.

This publication is designed to provide a practical guide for gaining a detailed awareness and understanding of homelessness. After a foreword by Jesse Jackson, these chapters are included: (1) Introduction: Assessing the Unique Needs of Homeless People (Clemmie Solomon), which discusses the need for helping professionals to commit to addressing…

5. Looking Back Helps Us to Look Ahead

DTIC Science & Technology

2008-11-30

giving basic language training until after the Iraq war was well underway. 1 (George Santayana 1863-1952...H101A (George Santayana 1863-1952) 3) History Lessons Disc H104 (Noah Feldman, 30 June 2006) 4) Infantry Magazine (Walter Wojdakowski June 2008...Looking back helps us to look ahead 9 Bibliography 1) George Santayana 1863-1952, H101A History

6. Computer Model Used to Help Customize Medicine

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Stauber, Laurel J.; Veris, Jenise

2001-01-01

Dr. Radhakrishnan, a researcher at the NASA Glenn Research Center, in collaboration with biomedical researchers at the Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, is developing computational models of human physiology that quantitate metabolism and its regulation, in both healthy and pathological states. These models can help predict the effects of stresses or interventions, such as drug therapies, and contribute to the development of customized medicine. Customized medical treatment protocols can give more comprehensive evaluations and lead to more specific and effective treatments for patients, reducing treatment time and cost. Commercial applications of this research may help the pharmaceutical industry identify therapeutic needs and predict drug-drug interactions. Researchers will be able to study human metabolic reactions to particular treatments while in different environments as well as establish more definite blood metabolite concentration ranges in normal and pathological states. These computational models may help NASA provide the background for developing strategies to monitor and safeguard the health of astronauts and civilians in space stations and colonies. They may also help to develop countermeasures that ameliorate the effects of both acute and chronic space exposure.

7. A Robot to Help Make the Rounds

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

2003-01-01

This paper presents a discussion on the Pyxis HelpMate SecurePak (SP) trackless robotic courier designed by Transitions Research Corporation, to navigate autonomously throughout medical facilities, transporting pharmaceuticals, laboratory specimens, equipment, supplies, meals, medical records, and radiology films between support departments and nursing floors.

8. Helping Those Who Come Here Alone

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Acuña, Alejandra; Escudero, Pia Valenzuela

2016-01-01

The Los Angeles Unified School District is experiencing a new wave of unaccompanied minor immigrants coming to its schools--some with mental health issues related to their past lives and their trek into the U.S. The district has a bevy of programs intended to help those students with their trauma, their home relationships, and their legal status.

9. Helping Children Outgrow War. SD Technical Paper.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Miller, Vachel W.; Affolter, Friedrich W.

Helping children outgrow war is an overarching goal of educational reconstruction in post-conflict settings, but responses must be highly adaptive and informed by insights gained from interventions elsewhere. This guidebook offers seven examples of successful interventions in post-conflict settings internationally, situating them within a…

10. A Community Friend Helps Us To See.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Picker, Maryellen

1998-01-01

Describes an art activity in which Tim Grunwald, a blind member of the community, taught the students to see in a new way. Explains that the students explored how clay feels, smells, and is molded as they closed their eyes; this experience helped the students escape from an intense world of visual images. (CMK)

11. Literacy: Helping Children Construct Meaning. Fourth Edition.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cooper, J. David

Written to help all teachers provide balanced literacy instruction for all students, this book provides strategies and sample lessons for both direct and indirect literacy instruction. Four complete pieces of literature are provided with updated sample lessons: "Jamaica Tag-Along"; "Mummies, Tombs, and Treasure"; "My Brown…

12. Erikson's Psychosocial Theories Help Explain Early Adolescence.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Manning, M. Lee

1988-01-01

Middle school educators can design a learning environment for early adolescents based on Erik Erikson's social development theories, which divide human life into eight psychological stages. The identity versus role confusion stage characterizing adolescence will significantly determine the developing person's future. Schools can help learners…

13. Helping Students Find a Sense of Purpose

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tully, Susan

2009-01-01

William Damon, a professor of education at Stanford University, has long advocated "character education" as a key component of school reform. The author of several books on the subject, his latest is "The Path to Purpose: Helping Our Children Find Their Calling in Life". In this article, the author presents an interview with Damon. He discusses…

14. Local Evaluation Use: Can the TAC Help?

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hansen, Joe B.

Interviews were conducted with contact persons in each of six Western states to assist in determining how the services and products of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I Evaluation Technical Assistance Centers (TAC) could be used most effectively to help State and local education agencies improve the use and usefulness of…

15. Public Television: Helping Bring Technology to Education.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fellows, James; Connet, Michael

2001-01-01

The impact of new digital technologies on traditional broadcasting and television offer a valuable opportunity to revisit educational and public broadcasting partnerships. Examples of areas in which public television can help education include: pedagogy, standards, assessment, teacher training and support; digital television; intellectual property…

16. Auditing medical records helps reduce liability.

PubMed

Ganguli, G; Winfrey, S

1990-10-01

An internal audit of a hospital's medical records department compares the department to standards developed by the hospital and to benchmarks set by accrediting organizations. An auditor can review the department's economy and effectiveness through employee surveys, direct observation, and interviews. By uncovering deficiencies and making recommendations for their correction, an internal audit can help limit a hospital's liability exposure.

17. Help a Loved One Quit | Smokefree 60+

Cancer.gov

Smokers who get support from family and friends have an easier time quitting and staying smokefree. It's easy to assume you know what is best for your loved one, but the best starting place is to ask him or her what it is they need from you to help them quit. If your loved one isn't ready to quit, that's okay.

18. California Community Colleges Help Foster Dreams

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Andom, Mary

2007-01-01

California community colleges have a new program that provides advocates for former wards of the state. The program is the statewide Foster Youth Success Initiative, which this fall placed liaisons at all of California's 109 community colleges. The liaisons serve as advocates, helping foster youth tap into resources such as scholarships, housing,…

19. Computer Animation Helps Children to Learn.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bryan, Sam D.

1980-01-01

Described is an animated computer program designed to help the young child match lowercase and uppercase letters. Used was the Intecolor 8052 personal computer made by Intelligent Systems Corporation (ISC), but the program could also be written for the Radio Shack TRS-80, PET, Apple, Atari, and ISCs Compucolor II. (KC)

20. Helping You Buy: Integrated Library Systems

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pace, Andrew K.

2005-01-01

This Helping You Buy survey is the next in an annual series of surveys that have been compiled by Pamela Cibbarelli in past years. This bird's-eye view should serve to both highlight some general distinctions and to underscore the commodified similarities of a wide range of library automation systems.

1. Adolescent Help-Seeking from the Internet

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gould, Madelyn S.; Munfakh, Jimmie Lou Harris; Lubell, Keri; Kleinman, Marjorie; Parker, Sarah

2003-01-01

During the past decade there has been increased interest in help-seeking behavior among adolescents. This reflects the recognition that while many psychiatric problems increase markedly during adolescence, the majority of disturbed teenagers do not receive mental health services. Nearly half of all adolescents have reported using the Internet to…

2. Helping Young Children See Math in Play

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parks, Amy Noelle; Blom, Diana Chang

2013-01-01

The purpose of this article is to provide strategies for recognizing meaningful mathematics in common play contexts in early childhood classrooms and to offer suggestions for how teachers might intervene in these moments to help children attend to the mathematical ideas embedded in their play. In particular, the author's focus on the concepts of…

3. Hypertension. Part 1: How Exercise Helps.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tanji, Jeffrey L.

1990-01-01

Reviews possible mechanisms by which exercise lowers blood pressure and discusses research which indicates exercise is an effective therapy for hypertension. The article presents information to help physicians counsel hypertensive patients wanting to start an exercise program and examines the use of exercise testing to predict the onset of…

4. Helping You Buy: Link Resolver Tools

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Singer, Ross

2006-01-01

To any library with an electronic collection of any significance, the OpenURL link resolver has (or should) become an indispensable service for helping its users retrieve full text from citations. Although they are a relatively new technology (in library terms, at any rate), link resolvers arguably have become as important as the OPAC; they locate…

5. Helping Your Child Say No to Alcohol.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rosenbloom, Jonathan, Ed.

This guide was written for parents of preadolescents and young adolescents to help them teach their children to say "No" to alcohol. Illustrated with numerous black and white photographs and other graphics, the guide presents information about drinking among preadolescents and discusses how parents can drink themselves and, at the same time, teach…

6. Dying and Death: Helping Children Cope.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ledezma, Melissa L.

This paper suggests strategies for helping children understand death. The early experiences of childhood build the foundation on which the child establishes a healthy orientation towards life and living. Grieving parents are often so upset by their own loss that they do not carefully explain death to their children. Parents may feel that the child…

7. Helping Children Think: Gaze Aversion and Teaching

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Phelps, Fiona G.; Doherty-Sneddon, Gwyneth; Warnock, Hannah

2006-01-01

Looking away from an interlocutor's face during demanding cognitive activity can help adults answer challenging arithmetic and verbal-reasoning questions (Glenberg, Schroeder, & Robertson, 1998). However, such "gaze aversion" (GA) is poorly applied by 5-year-old school children (Doherty-Sneddon, Bruce, Bonner, Longbotham, & Doyle, 2002). In…

8. How Advertising History Helps Explain Current Practices.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lanfranco, Leonard W.

Students majoring in advertising can benefit from a study of that field in its historical context because such study helps them to understand current practices and to foresee future developments. One model of teaching advertising history within a required course about advertising and society begins with some basic definitions of the advertising…

9. Adolescent Suicide: Can We Help Prevent It?

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dryden, Annabelle; Jones, Rosemary

1986-01-01

Presents lesson plans that have students explore and discuss various aspects of adolescent suicide as a means of coping with their depressive or suicidal feelings and as a preparation for them to help their peers. Each plan contains goals, objectives, activities, and suggested evaluation. Teacher information is included. (CT)

10. Leadership Helps Turn around a Troubled School

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sheppard, Von

2013-01-01

The author tells how he employed leadership skills to help turn around a failing school loaded with at-risk students. Dayton's Bluff Elementary School was one of the worst in St. Paul when Von Sheppard took over as principal in 2001. Changing the staff and attitudes at the largely low-income, minority majority school in a tough neighborhood helped…

11. How Computer Games Help Children Learn

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shaffer, David Williamson

2008-01-01

This book looks at how particular video and computer games--such as "Digital Zoo", "The Pandora Project", "SodaConstructor", and more--can help teach children and students to think like doctors, lawyers, engineers, urban planners, journalists, and other professionals. In the process, new "smart games" will give them the knowledge and skills they…

12. Helping Individuals Withdraw from Psychiatric Drugs

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cohen, David

2007-01-01

Many counselors, psychologists, and social workers assist clients to take psychotropic drugs but recoil from helping clients to rethink drug use or stop taking drugs. They might fear resisting the prevailing ideology, violating "standards of care," or contradicting physicians' advice. This article discusses withdrawal emergent reactions from…

13. The Help-Seeking in Career Counseling

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Di Fabio, Annamaria; Bernaud, Jean-Luc

2008-01-01

This study examined help-seeking in career counseling by investigating factors that influence students' intention to consult a career counseling center. Nine hundred and eighteen participants were given the Attitudes toward Career Counseling Scale (ATCCS), an information brochure about the career counseling center; the Intention to Consult a…

14. Should Teachers Help Students Develop Partisan Identities?

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hess, Diana E.; McAvoy, Paula

2014-01-01

Five years ago, Diana Hess was teaching a graduate seminar called "Democratic Education." The purpose of the seminar was to critically analyze two seemingly simple, but actually very complex, questions: What is democracy? What is democratic education? Both are contested concepts, and the seminar was designed to help students understand…

15. Survivors of Downsizing: Helpful and Hindering Experiences

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Amundson, Norman E.; Borgen, William A.; Jordan, Sharalyn; Erlebach, Anne C.

2004-01-01

Thirty-one downsizing survivors from both the private and public sector were interviewed to determine incidents that either helped or hindered their transition through 1 or more organizational downsizings. A critical incident technique was used to analyze and organize the data around themes that emerged, themes were represented by both positive…

16. Investment policy, guidelines help providers control risk.

PubMed

Seidner, A G

1989-03-01

Because the financial markets are volatile, every healthcare organization should establish its own investment policy and guidelines. An investment policy reflects the views of a hospital's board of trustees, and helps the trustees avoid conflict of interest situations. Investment guidelines spell out management's approach to three critical investing components: safety of principal, liquidity, and yield.

17. Helping New Teachers Liven up Physical Education

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stewart, Amanda; Elliott, Steve

2005-01-01

In this article, the authors offer strategies to help beginner physical education teachers increase the tempo of their classes. Most of these ideas are applicable to any physical education setting and grade level. After incorporating some of these strategies into daily lesson plans beginner teachers should see an increase in student energy levels…

18. Helping Kids Draw & Write Picture Books.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hearn, Emily; Thurman, Mark

The eight stages of storyboarding described in this book will help children design original picture books with illustrations and creative stories. The 24-frame storyboarding technique described in the book forces the young author/illustrator to jump right into the story, select only the most essential aspects of the plot, and describe the actions…

19. AVO helps seismic imaging in deepwater environments

SciTech Connect

Skidmore, C.; Lindsay, R.O.; Ratcliff, D.

1997-11-03

Amplitude and frequency variations related to offset should be analyzed routinely during interpretation of seismic data acquired in deepwater environments. Amplitude variation with offset (AVO) in three dimensions is the key exploration tool in deep waters of the Gulf of Mexico. But application of the tool requires special care. Three-dimensional AVO helps the interpreter understand stratigraphy and the meaning of amplitude anomalies. Used in conjunction with well log data, it can help the interpreter distinguish amplitudes related to the presence of hydrocarbons from those that result from, for example, rock-property changes within a non-hydrocarbon-bearing layer, such as a shale, or residual gas (fizz water) in high-porosity sands. The paper discusses examples from the Gulf of Mexico, will control application, improving detail, and frequency-dependent analysis.

20. The nursing shortage: can information technology help?

PubMed

Meadows, Ginny

2002-01-01

There is no doubt that the nursing shortage is a real and valid concern for the medical community. American Hospital Association President Dick Davidson reports: "America needs up to 126,000 nurses now, as well as more pharmacists, lab technicians, support staff and others. We need immediate action to help alleviate this situation" (American Hospital Association, 2001). Clinical information systems can be one of those immediate actions that can help nurses feel more confident about the care they are delivering. In addition to preventing medical errors, streamlining workflow and communications, and reducing redundant data entry, these systems can have a lasting and positive effect on overall job satisfaction, providing a significant influence on retaining our invaluable nursing resources.

1. Help Central: Creating a Help Desk and Knowledge Portal in SharePoint

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ennis, Lisa A.; Tims, Randy S.

2012-01-01

This article discusses the authors' implementation of Help Central, a site within the Lister Hill Library Collection on the University of Alabama-Birmingham's SharePoint server. Initially, Help Central was designed to address the inadequacies in the library's old, static HTML web-based support system, including haphazard issue reporting by staff…

2. Helping Others and Long-term Sobriety: Who Should I Help to Stay Sober?

PubMed Central

PAGANO, MARIA E.; ZELTNER, BRIE B.; JABER, JIHAD; POST, STEPHEN G.; ZYWIAK, WILLIAM H.; STOUT, ROBERT L.

2009-01-01

Examination of the change strategies associated with successful long-term sobriety remains an understudied area in addiction research. The following study recruited individuals with long-term sobriety (range 16–25 years continuous abstinence). Subjects (n = 11 were surveyed on demographic information, problem history, Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) affiliation, and helping behaviors within several life domains over the course of sobriety. General helping behaviors increased from lower levels in the month prior to getting sober, to moderate levels at 1 year of sobriety, but did not continue to increase with additional years of sobriety. Levels of general help to others at home, work, and 12-step programs were similar at varying lengths of sobriety. Whereas overall levels of general help given to others were similar across settings, helping other alcoholics, as opposed to helping others at home or work, was rated as contributing the most to staying sober. Across time, alcoholics increased participation in helping behaviors specific to 12-step programs. The utility of helping others as a behavioral strategy to maintain successful addictive behavioral change is discussed. PMID:19690625

3. "Helping Circles" Giving High School Students a Helping Hand with Writing.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Johnson, Mary Jo

1988-01-01

A teaching strategy is described that provides controlled support to hearing-impaired high school students through teacher-led "helping circles" to encourage elaboration and exploration in their writing. It enables students to share their written work in class, have an audience for their work, and provide and receive helpful criticism. (VW)

4. Psychological Help-Seeking Attitudes of Helping Professional Candidates and Factors Influencing Them

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kumcagiz, Hatice

2013-01-01

This study was designed as descriptive to identify psychological help-seeking attitudes of helping professional candidates and factors influencing them. The research population consisted of 447 first and fourth grade students studying in the Departments of Psychological Counselling and Guidance, Psychology or Nursing at Ondokuz Mayis University.…

5. "Helping" versus "Being a Helper": Invoking the Self to Increase Helping in Young Children

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bryan, Christopher J.; Master, Allison; Walton, Gregory M.

2014-01-01

Can a subtle linguistic cue that invokes the self motivate children to help? In two experiments, 3- to 6-year-old children (N = 149) were exposed to the idea of "being a helper" (noun condition) or "helping" (verb condition). Noun wording fosters the perception that a behavior reflects an identity--the kind of person one is.…

6. Helping men with the trauma of miscarriage.

PubMed

Rinehart, Martha S; Kiselica, Mark S

2010-09-01

Although much has been written about women and miscarriage, little has been researched or written about the partners of these women and their reactions to the pregnancy loss. The purpose of this paper is to review what is known about the subject and to suggest an approach to psychotherapy that is sensitive to the needs of these men and helps them make sense of their loss.

7. Renewable Energy Can Help Reduce Oil Dependency

ScienceCinema

Arvizu, Dan

2016-07-12

In a speech to the Economic Club of Kansas City on June 23, 2010, NREL Director Dan Arvizu takes a realistic look at how renewable energy can help reduce America's dependence on oil, pointing out that the country gets as much energy from renewable sources now as it does from offshore oil production. For a transcript, visit http://www.nrel.gov/director/pdfs/energy_overview_06_10.pdf

8. Reliable Video Analysis Helps Security Company Grow

ScienceCinema

Meurer, Dave; Furgal, Dave; Hobson, Rick

2016-07-12

Armed Response Team (ART) has grown to become the largest locally owned security company in New Mexico. With technical assistance from Sandia National Laboratories through the New Mexico Small Business Assistance (NMSBA) Program, ART got help so they could quickly bring workable video security solutions to market. By offering a reliable video analytic camera system, theyâve been able to reduce theft, add hundreds of clients, and increase their number of employees.

9. Reliable Video Analysis Helps Security Company Grow

SciTech Connect

Meurer, Dave; Furgal, Dave; Hobson, Rick

2014-10-24

Armed Response Team (ART) has grown to become the largest locally owned security company in New Mexico. With technical assistance from Sandia National Laboratories through the New Mexico Small Business Assistance (NMSBA) Program, ART got help so they could quickly bring workable video security solutions to market. By offering a reliable video analytic camera system, they’ve been able to reduce theft, add hundreds of clients, and increase their number of employees.

10. A New Standardized Stimulus Set for Studying Need-of-Help Recognition (NeoHelp)

PubMed Central

Brielmann, Aenne A.; Stolarova, Margarita

2014-01-01

This article presents the NeoHelp visual stimulus set created to facilitate investigation of need-of-help recognition with clinical and normative populations of different ages, including children. Need-of-help recognition is one aspect of socioemotional development and a necessary precondition for active helping. The NeoHelp consists of picture pairs showing everyday situations: The first item in a pair depicts a child needing help to achieve a goal; the second one shows the child achieving the goal. Pictures of birds in analogue situations are also included. These control stimuli enable implementation of a human-animal categorization task which serves to separate behavioral correlates specific to need-of-help recognition from general differentiation processes. It is a concern in experimental research to ensure that results do not relate to systematic perceptual differences when comparing responses to categories of different content. Therefore, we not only derived the NeoHelp-pictures within a pair from one another by altering as little as possible, but also assessed their perceptual similarity empirically. We show that NeoHelp-picture pairs are very similar regarding low-level perceptual properties across content categories. We obtained data from 60 children in a broad age range (4 to 13 years) for three different paradigms, in order to assess whether the intended categorization and differentiation could be observed reliably in a normative population. Our results demonstrate that children can differentiate the pictures' content regarding both need-of-help category as well as species as intended in spite of the high perceptual similarities. We provide standard response characteristics (hit rates and response times) that are useful for future selection of stimuli and comparison of results across studies. We show that task requirements coherently determine which aspects of the pictures influence response characteristics. Thus, we present NeoHelp, the first open

11. Does research help to safeguard protected areas?

PubMed

Laurance, William F

2013-05-01

Although many protected areas are foci for scientific research, they also face growing threats from illegal encroachment and overharvesting. Does the presence of field researchers help to limit such threats? Although evidence is largely anecdotal, researchers do appear to provide some protective effects, both actively (such as by deterring poachers) and passively (such as by benefiting local communities economically and thereby generating support for protected areas). However, much remains unknown about the generality and impacts of such benefits. A key priority is to develop a better understanding of the advantages and limitations of field research for aiding protected areas and their biodiversity.

12. Helping nursing homes prepare for disasters.

PubMed

Hyer, Kathryn; Brown, Lisa M; Polivka-West, LuMarie; Berman, Amy

2010-10-01

Responding to the deaths and suffering of older adults in long-term care facilities following Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Wilma, the John A. Hartford Foundation funded an initiative called Hurricane and Disaster Preparedness for Long-Term Care Facilities. Long-term care providers are now acknowledged as health care providers by most federal and state emergency response centers. This paper describes the planning, research, and dissemination efforts of the Hartford grantees. It also provides insights into successful disaster grant making, noting foundations' unique flexibility, strategic and long-term view, and ability to be a neutral convener of stakeholders that can help grantees work toward achieving major policy change.

13. Lifestyle Assessment: Helping Patients Change Health Behaviors

PubMed Central

Ciliska, Donna; Wilson, Douglas M. C.

1984-01-01

This article is the second in a series of six on lifestyle assessment and behavior change. The first article presented an assessment tool called FANTASTIC, which has been tested for reliability and is currently in wide use. After assessment, family physicians must help patients decide to change—and give them guidance on how to change—unhealthy behaviors. This article explains how the family physician can use educational, behavioral and relaxation strategies to increase patients' motivation, maintain their commitment and teach them the skills needed to effect changes in health behavior.

14. Capital management helps hospitals face hard times.

PubMed

Harris, J; Pitts, K

1989-03-01

Financial officers of healthcare organizations in severe financial distress must map out an effective capital management strategy to help their institutions avoid disaster. An executive's plan of action should include streamlining and restructuring the organization, studying long- and short-term assets to improve cash flow, and investigating ways to refinance debt. Healthcare organizations must develop warning signals for impending financial difficulties and contingency plans that address operating and capital responses to such a crisis. Learning to guide an organization through financial difficulties may be an executive's most important financial skill in the decade to come.

15. Tests to Help Plan Opportunity Moves

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

2005-01-01

Rover engineers check how a test rover moves in material chosen to simulate some difficult Mars driving conditions. The scene is inside the In-Situ Instrument Laboratory at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. These tests in early May 2005 were designed to help plan the best way for the rover Opportunity to drive off of a soft-sand dune that the rover dug itself into the previous week. The mixture of sandy and powdery material brought in for these specific tests matched the way the soil underneath Opportunity caked onto wheels, filling the spaces between the cleats on the wheels.

16. Helping survivors to adjust after cancer.

PubMed

Harmer, Victoria

The concept of "cancer survivorship" has received considerable attention over the past three years as increasing numbers of people live with and beyond cancer. Previously, attention may have focused more on treatments for cancer and the likelihood of their success. In recent years, interest has moved to the after-effects of treatment, and how people can return to their lives while recovering. This article discusses the various ways in which cancer and its treatment may affect survivors, and how nurses, in both hospital and the community, can help them to adjust and recover.

17. Feeding dynamics: helping children to eat well.

PubMed

Satter, E

1995-01-01

Pediatric nurse practitioners are in a key position to help parents learn to effectively feed their children. Classic research studies, current research and clinical observations on feeding have identified children's capabilities, behaviors, and potential competencies with their eating. An appropriate feeding relationship supports children's developmental tasks at every age and allows them to eat the right amount of the proper food to achieve their genetically determined growth endowment. Children must, in turn, attain developmental tasks. In defining and managing feeding problems, the pediatric nurse practitioner may emphasize prevention by building positive feeding interactions, and promoting early detection and management as well as providing treatment for established problems.

18. Mythbusting Medical Writing: Goodbye, Ghosts! Hello, Help!

PubMed

Hamilton, Cindy W; Gertel, Art; Jacobs, Adam; Marchington, Jackie; Weaver, Shelley; Woolley, Karen

To meet ethical and scientific obligations, authors should submit timely, high-quality manuscripts. Authors, however, can encounter ethical (e.g., authorship designation) and practical (e.g., time and resource limitations) challenges during manuscript preparation. Could professional medical writers-not ghostwriters-help authors address these challenges? This essay summarizes evidence countering three myths that may have hindered authors from considering the use of professional medical writers. Authors with sufficient time, writing expertise, and reporting guideline knowledge may meet their obligations without writing assistance. Unfortunately, not all authors are in this position. Decisions about writing support should be based on evidence, not myths.

19. Codependency in male and female helping professionals.

PubMed

Martsolf, D S; Hughes-Hammer, C; Estok, P; Zeller, R A

1999-04-01

The purpose of this study is to determine and compare the prevalence of codependency in a group of 77 female and a group of 72 male helping professionals. Relatively low rates of codependency were observed in this sample, and the five-factor structure of the Codependency Assessment Tool (CODAT) was replicated. Males showed slightly higher codependency than females on the total CODAT and on the Hiding Self and Family of Origin Issues subscales. The CODAT was shown to be relevant to both males and females. Further research is needed to determine if a general population of male and female subjects would yield similar results.

20. Search Results Help - Water | ECHO | US EPA

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

ECHO, Enforcement and Compliance History Online, provides compliance and enforcement information for approximately 800,000 EPA-regulated facilities nationwide. ECHO includes permit, inspection, violation, enforcement action, and penalty information about facilities regulated under the Clean Air Act (CAA) Stationary Source Program, Clean Water Act (CWA) National Pollutant Elimination Discharge System (NPDES), and/or Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Information also is provided on surrounding demographics when available. Search Results Help explains how to navigate the search results page and describes the data presented.

1. Collaborative networks: helping rural laboratories achieve quality.

PubMed

Hassell, Lewis A; Fogler, Martha W; Russell, Sonia E

2006-01-01

Rural hospital laboratories can combine some of their significant advantages with the benefits of an egalitarian, collaborative network to create a setting in which the disadvantages of their size (such as limited skill sets and resources) may be more readily overcome. Participation in a knowledge-sharing network, a coordinated effort at reference-range establishment and validation, and development of quality and safety algorithms help them avoid many potentially costly problems. This article describes the experience of developing such a network over a 30-year period and illustrates the benefits of this practice.

2. Body size matters in provision of help: factors related to children's willingness to help overweight peers.

PubMed

Patel, Sanobar L; Holub, Shayla C

2012-02-01

Although children who are overweight may be vulnerable to negative social experiences, little is known about whether children will offer help to peers who are overweight. The present study examined whether children would offer aid to peers who are overweight with everyday tasks (such as picking up toys). This study also examined whether weight stereotypes and intentions to befriend these peers are related to intentions to help. Fifty-one children, aged 4-8, were interviewed about their stereotypes and behavioral intentions. Findings revealed that children were less likely to help overweight than average weight peers. Children who did not hold positive stereotypes about thinness and those who chose to play with overweight peers were more likely to help peers who are overweight. Results suggest that weight prejudice is pervasive and that children who are overweight might not be offered aid in classroom settings, highlighting the need for early intervention.

3. Pathways to help: adolescent sexual assault victims' disclosure and help-seeking experiences.

PubMed

Campbell, Rebecca; Greeson, Megan R; Fehler-Cabral, Giannina; Kennedy, Angie C

2015-07-01

In this study, we conducted semistructured interviews with N = 20 adolescent sexual assault victims who sought postassault help from the medical and legal system to understand young survivors' disclosure and help-seeking processes. Results revealed three distinct disclosure patterns and pathways to help-seeking. First, in the voluntary disclosure group, victims told their friends, who encouraged them to tell an adult, who then encouraged--and assisted--the survivors in seeking help. Throughout this process, the survivors' disclosures at each step were within their control and reflected their choices for how to proceed. Second, in the involuntary disclosure pattern, victims also first disclosed to friends, but then those friends told adults about the assault, against the survivors' wishes; the adults made the victims seek help, which was also against the survivors' preferences. Third, in situational disclosures, the survivors were unconscious at the time of the assault, and their friends disclosed and sought help on their behalf. We also examined how these initial disclosure patterns related to victims' continued engagement with these systems.

4. Emotional Sentence Annotation Helps Predict Fiction Genre

PubMed Central

Samothrakis, Spyridon; Fasli, Maria

2015-01-01

Fiction, a prime form of entertainment, has evolved into multiple genres which one can broadly attribute to different forms of stories. In this paper, we examine the hypothesis that works of fiction can be characterised by the emotions they portray. To investigate this hypothesis, we use the work of fictions in the Project Gutenberg and we attribute basic emotional content to each individual sentence using Ekman’s model. A time-smoothed version of the emotional content for each basic emotion is used to train extremely randomized trees. We show through 10-fold Cross-Validation that the emotional content of each work of fiction can help identify each genre with significantly higher probability than random. We also show that the most important differentiator between genre novels is fear. PMID:26524352

5. Do cranberries help prevent urinary tract infections?

PubMed

Hutchinson, Janet

Cranberries are widely used in the treatment and prevention of urinary tract infections (UTIs) and for those at risk of such infections. With the growing resistance to antibiotics, cranberries can be viewed as a useful non-pharmaceutical remedy (Lavender, 2000). The initial studies that looked at the effects of cranberries on urine showed that the excretion of hippuric acid from the berries helped the urine to remain acidic, which could explain why they could be used to treat and prevent infection (Harkin, 2000). Recent studies argue that cranberries prevent Escherichia coli (E. coli) from adhering to uroepithelial cells in the bladder (Howell and Foxman, 2002). Cranberries contain a group of compounds, called proanthocyanidins, which are condensed tannins (Gray, 2002; Lowe and Fagelman, 2001; Kuzminski, 1996). These are thought to be the key factors in inhibiting E. coli adherence.

6. Emotional Sentence Annotation Helps Predict Fiction Genre.

PubMed

Samothrakis, Spyridon; Fasli, Maria

2015-01-01

Fiction, a prime form of entertainment, has evolved into multiple genres which one can broadly attribute to different forms of stories. In this paper, we examine the hypothesis that works of fiction can be characterised by the emotions they portray. To investigate this hypothesis, we use the work of fictions in the Project Gutenberg and we attribute basic emotional content to each individual sentence using Ekman's model. A time-smoothed version of the emotional content for each basic emotion is used to train extremely randomized trees. We show through 10-fold Cross-Validation that the emotional content of each work of fiction can help identify each genre with significantly higher probability than random. We also show that the most important differentiator between genre novels is fear.

7. Lead Flush Advisor can help customers

SciTech Connect

Deininger, R.A.; Bernstam, E.V. . School of Public Health)

1993-11-01

It's a widespread form of public involvement that has become necessary as a result of the current efforts of the US Environmental Protection Agency to lower the concentration of lead in drinking water at the consumer's tap. The monitoring procedure that is part of this regulatory program dictates that lines be flushed inside the house. Concerned consumers may not have the slightest idea if lead is present in their tap water, where it may be coming from, when to capture the sample, or how long to run the water until it's lead-free. Another -- a computer program called Lead Flush Advisor that is now available on AWWA's bulletin board -- has been developed by the authors to help educate and reassure people. Using the software, consumers can visualize what happens as the pipes are flushed and be sure when water from the street main has entered their household plumbing.

8. Empathic engineering: helping deliver dignity through design

PubMed Central

Hosking, Ian; Cornish, Katie; Bradley, Mike; Clarkson, P. John

2015-01-01

Abstract Dignity is a key value within healthcare. Technology is also recognized as being a fundamental part of healthcare delivery, but also a potential cause of dehumanization of the patient. Therefore, understanding how medical devices can be designed to help deliver dignity is important. This paper explores the role of empathy tools as a way of engendering empathy in engineers and designers to enable them to design for dignity. A framework is proposed that makes the link between empathy tools and outcomes of feelings of dignity. It represents a broad systems view that provides a structure for reviewing the evidence for the efficacy of empathy tools and also how dignity can be systematically understood for particular medical devices. PMID:26453036

9. Intergroup helping in response to separatism.

PubMed

van Leeuwen, Esther; Mashuri, Ali

2013-12-01

Despite its prevalence and widespread media coverage, separatism as a phenomenon is barely covered in psychological investigations, and the majority's response to separatism has been completely ignored. We present two studies in which we investigated the notion that separatist movements threaten the continuation of the national identity, as well as the nation's economic position. Moreover, we hypothesized and found that members of the majority group respond to continuation threat by supporting government measures to help the separatist group. Javanese students who were induced to believe that existing separatist movements in West Papua (Study 1, N = 322) or Aceh (Study 2, N = 180) were currently increasing their efforts to gain independence were more willing to support these groups than participants who believed these movements were dormant. Moreover, this effect was mediated by continuation threat but not economic threat. These results demonstrate the possibility of a peaceful response to separatism threat.

10. Helpful hints to painless payload processing

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Terhune, Terry; Carson, Maggie

1995-01-01

The helpful hints herein describe, from a system perspective, the functional flow of hardware and software. The flow will begin at the experiment development stage and continue through build-up, test, verification, delivery, launch and deintegration of the experiment. An effort will be made to identify those interfaces and transfer functions of processing that can be improved upon in the new world of 'Faster, Better, and Cheaper.' The documentation necessary to ensure configuration and processing requirements satisfaction will also be discussed. Hints and suggestions for improvements to enhance each phase of the flow will be derived from extensive experience and documented lessons learned. Charts will be utilized to define the functional flow and a list of 'lessons learned' will be addressed to show applicability. In conclusion, specific improvements for several areas of hardware processing, procedure development and quality assurance, that are generic to all Small Payloads, will be identified.

11. Admittance relay helps wash out system instability

SciTech Connect

Sweezy, G.; Swift, G.; Zhang, Z.

1996-01-01

This article describes how delta-current admittance relays detect severe power system disturbances and initiate a power reduction signal on the dc transmission system to help stabilize the integrated ac/HVDC transmission system. It is always desirable to transmit as much power as possible over major transmission line interconnections, and the 500 kV line linking Manitoba in Canada to Minnesota in the US is a good example. A static var system (SVS) is part of this strategy. Note the southern end of an HVDC line through which the power is delivered from northern hydro-electric generation. The ability to quickly control dc-delivered power combined with the complication of SVS switching and the installation of series capacitors has led to special circumstances requiring an unusual approach to maintenance of system stability. The availability of a new protection-oriented computing platform has made the required algorithms feasible.

12. Microcomputer Applications in Self-Help Healthcare

PubMed Central

Wallace, Douglas H.

1984-01-01

The trend towards self-help healthcare is a social current which appears to run counter to the increasing technological complexity and sophistication of modern medical care. Yet it is the development of consumer-oriented high-tech medical devices which is facilitating this trend and which will permit the development of an electronics-based self-care system within the next ten years. Data on the present status of computer-assisted self-care was obtained from several sources, including a survey of homecomputer owners. Several useful software applications programs are currently in the marketplace; however, a data-integrating advice and referral program remains to be written. This development is seen as the last major technological impediment to the introduction of a complete microcomputer-based self-care system.

13. The Bereaved Elderly: Can We Help Them?

PubMed Central

Tudiver, Fred

1986-01-01

Of the over one million widowed persons in Canada, 63% of the widows and 70% of the widowers are over 65 years of age. The bereaved elderly, especially elderly widowers, are at high risk for poor response to bereavement. Death of one's spouse has been rated one of the most stressful events in life, yet the literature has few studies demonstrating effective bereavement counselling for the elderly. In particular, very few of these studies have looked at the bereaved elderly male, especially in terms of the impact of bereavement intervention on both emotional and physical problems. This paper critically reviews the literature on bereavement counselling for elderly widows and widowers and suggests new pragmatic methods for helping them. PMID:20469463

14. NASA satellite helps airliners avoid ozone concentrations

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

1981-01-01

Results from a test to determine the effectiveness of satellite data for helping airlines avoid heavy concentrations of ozone are reported. Information from the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer, aboard the Nimbus-7 was transmitted, for use in meteorological forecast activities. The results show: (1) Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer profile of total ozone in the atmosphere accurately represents upper air patterns and can be used to locate meteorological activity; (2) route forecasting of highly concentrated ozone is feasible; (3) five research aircraft flights were flown in jet stream regions located by the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer to determine winds, temperatures, and air composition. It is shown that the jet stream is coincides with the area of highest total ozone gradient, and low total ozone amounts are found where tropospheric air has been carried along above the tropopause on the anticyclonic side of the subtropical jet stream.

15. The coalition technical assistance and training framework: helping community coalitions help themselves.

PubMed

Butterfoss, Frances D

2004-04-01

Coalition staff, leaders, and members need training to promote coalition building and maintenance as well as ongoing technical assistance. The Coalition Technical Assistance and Training Framework uses a 6-step process to diagnose coalition strengths and challenges and provide a prescription for action. Re-evaluation after a specified time period helps determine whether a coalition adopted recommended changes in coalition participants, structures, and/or processes and progressed through stages of development. This empowerment approach helps coalition staff and members help themselves to be more effective and efficient. The framework was piloted with the Virginia Healthy Start Initiative from November 1997 to June 2001. Seven perinatal councils that focused on preventing low-weight births and infant mortality adopted 75% of the recommended actions within 1 year. Results from a pre and post-assessment tool after 3 years showed significant progress in the coalitions' ability to develop effective participants, processes, and structures

16. Helping nature clean up oil spills

SciTech Connect

Paddock, A.

1996-11-01

Oil spills are nothing new. In fact, for millions of years crude oil has been seeping up to the Earth`s surface, and for all that time Mother Nature has been on the job with microbes, or bacteria, to harmlessly convert the oil to water and carbon dioxide gas. Not all bacteria are bad. True, some can make us sick, however, the good ones help us bake bread, brew beer, and even clean up oil spills by a process known as biodegradation. Oil and bacteria don`t easily get together because oil and water don`t mix and bacteria prefer to stay in water. After some oil tankers spills in the English Channel 25 years ago, major oil companies (Arco, BP, Exxon, and others) developed oil dispersant products-specialized chemicals that make oils and sea water mix. The simplest examples of similar wetting agents are soaps and detergents. Now, thanks to dispersants, the natural bacteria at sea can easily get to the oil and the normally slow biodegradation process goes rather quickly.

17. Helpful tips for performing musculoskeletal injections.

PubMed

Metz, John P

2010-01-01

Injections are valuable procedures for managing musculoskeletal conditions commonly encountered by family physicians. Corticosteroid injections into articular, periarticular, or soft tissue structures relieve pain, reduce inflammation, and improve mobility. Injections can provide diagnostic information and are commonly used for postoperative pain control. Local anesthetics may be injected with corticosteroids to provide additional, rapid pain relief. Steroid injection is the preferred and definitive treatment for de Quervain tenosynovitis and trochanteric bursitis. Steroid injections can also be helpful in controlling pain during physical rehabilitation from rotator cuff syndrome and lateral epicondylitis. Intra-articular steroid injection provides pain relief in rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. There is little systematic evidence to guide medication selection for therapeutic injections. The medication used and the frequency of injection should be guided by the goal of the injection (i.e., diagnostic or therapeutic), the underlying musculoskeletal diagnosis, and clinical experience. Complications from steroid injections are rare, but physicians should understand the potential risks and counsel patients appropriately. Patients with diabetes who receive periarticular or soft tissue steroid injections should closely monitor their blood glucose for two weeks following injection.

18. An intelligent robot for helping astronauts

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Erickson, J. D.; Grimm, K. A.; Pendleton, T. W.

1994-01-01

This paper describes the development status of a prototype supervised intelligent robot for space application for purposes of (1) helping the crew of a spacecraft such as the Space Station with various tasks, such as holding objects and retrieving/replacing tools and other objects from/into storage, and (2) for purposes of retrieving detached objects, such as equipment or crew, that have become separated from their spacecraft. In addition to this set of tasks in this low-Earth-orbiting spacecraft environment, it is argued that certain aspects of the technology can be viewed as generic in approach, thereby offering insight into intelligent robots for other tasks and environments. Candidate software architectures and their key technical issues which enable real work in real environments to be accomplished safely and robustly are addressed. Results of computer simulations of grasping floating objects are presented. Also described are characterization results on the usable reduced gravity environment in an aircraft flying parabola (to simulate weightlessness) and results on hardware performance there. These results show it is feasible to use that environment for evaluative testing of dexterous grasping based on real-time vision of freely rotating and translating objects.

19. Calibration method helps in seismic velocity interpretation

SciTech Connect

Guzman, C.E.; Davenport, H.A.; Wilhelm, R.

1997-11-03

Acoustic velocities derived from seismic reflection data, when properly calibrated to subsurface measurements, help interpreters make pure velocity predictions. A method of calibrating seismic to measured velocities has improved interpretation of subsurface features in the Gulf of Mexico. In this method, the interpreter in essence creates a kind of gauge. Properly calibrated, the gauge enables the interpreter to match predicted velocities to velocities measured at wells. Slow-velocity zones are of special interest because they sometimes appear near hydrocarbon accumulations. Changes in velocity vary in strength with location; the structural picture is hidden unless the variations are accounted for by mapping in depth instead of time. Preliminary observations suggest that the presence of hydrocarbons alters the lithology in the neighborhood of the trap; this hydrocarbon effect may be reflected in the rock velocity. The effect indicates a direct use of seismic velocity in exploration. This article uses the terms seismic velocity and seismic stacking velocity interchangeably. It uses ground velocity, checkshot average velocity, and well velocity interchangeably. Interval velocities are derived from seismic stacking velocities or well average velocities; they refer to velocities of subsurface intervals or zones. Interval travel time (ITT) is the reciprocal of interval velocity in microseconds per foot.

20. Helping to make birth a happy event.

PubMed

1997-01-01

For women and their families the world over, the birth of a baby they want is a happy event. Birth is a time for joy and celebration, a time for congratulations, good wishes and gifts. Sadly, not all births are happy occasions. Birth and the days and weeks immediately following (known as the postpartum period) are a crucial time for the health and well-being of mother and child. Complications may arise and things may go wrong. In fact, most maternal deaths take place in the postpartum period. Women and their babies need all the help they can get a this time to protect them from illness and to build up their strength for the future. The special feature in this issue of "Safe motherhood" looks specifically at the provision of postpartum care. It describes the problems that mothers and babies may encounter and the services that need to be on hand both to prevent these problems from occurring and to provide solutions if they do occur. The feature in this newsletter looks at postpartum care particularly from the point of view of the health worker. But the protection of the health of women and their babies at this critical time of life cannot be achieved by health workers alone. Postpartum care is the responsibility of all of us--health workers, family members, and the wider community.

1. We're Here to Help You

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Bryant, Larry W.; Hyman, Sara; Finch, Roger D.; Faris, Grant B.; Bell, Charles E.; Thornton, Marla S.; Mainland, Nora; Himes, Terry

2010-01-01

Air Force lore tells us that the two biggest lies you will ever hear on the tarmac are when the Inspector General steps off the plane and says to the Wing Commander, "We're here to help you," and the Wing Commander replies, "We're glad to see you." Not too surprisingly, a similar relationship is often perceived between a project manager and the mission assurance representative (especially for operations). This perception intensifies as budgets shrink and missions shorten, after all, where is the value added? That is the question we will examine for three small, short projects: Phoenix, WISE, and Grail (which is yet to launch). All have limited resources to devote to "niceties" and a very short mission to reap the benefits for their operations. We will examine how mission operations assurance evolved for each project, what worked well, what could have been improved, and how these lessons can be applied to ensure mission operations assurance is a value added function for Grail and future small missions.

2. Polarized light helps monarch butterflies navigate.

PubMed

Reppert, Steven M; Zhu, Haisun; White, Richard H

2004-01-20

During their spectacular migratory journey in the fall, North American monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) use a time-compensated sun compass to help them navigate to their overwintering sites in central Mexico. One feature of the sun compass mechanism not fully explored in monarchs is the sunlight-dependent parameters used to navigate. We now provide data suggesting that the angle of polarized skylight (the e-vector) is a relevant orientation parameter. By placing butterflies in a flight simulator outdoors and using a linear polarizing filter, we show that manipulating the e-vector alters predictably the direction of oriented flight. Butterflies studied in either the morning or afternoon showed similar responses to filter rotation. Monarch butterflies possess the anatomical structure needed for polarized skylight detection, as rhabdoms in the dorsalmost row of photoreceptor cells in monarch eye show the organization characteristic of polarized-light receptors. The existence of polarized-light detection could allow migrants to accurately navigate under a variety of atmospheric conditions and reveals a critical input pathway into the sun compass mechanism.

3. Transcriptional firing helps to drive NETosis

PubMed Central

Khan, Meraj A.; Palaniyar, Nades

2017-01-01

Neutrophils are short-lived innate immune cells. These cells respond quickly to stimuli, and die within minutes to hours; the relevance of DNA transcription in dying neutrophils remains an enigma for several decades. Here we show that the transcriptional activity reflects the degree of DNA decondensation occurring in both NADPH oxidase 2 (Nox)-dependent and Nox-independent neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation or NETosis. Transcriptomics analyses show that transcription starts at multiple loci in all chromosomes earlier in the rapid Nox-independent NETosis (induced by calcium ionophore A23187) than Nox-dependent NETosis (induced by PMA). NETosis-specific kinase cascades differentially activate transcription of different sets of genes. Inhibitors of transcription, but not translation, suppress both types of NETosis. In particular, promoter melting step is important to drive NETosis (induced by PMA, E. coli LPS, A23187, Streptomyces conglobatus ionomycin). Extensive citrullination of histones in multiple loci occurs only during calcium-mediated NETosis, suggesting that citrullination of histone contributes to the rapid DNA decondensation seen in Nox-independent NETosis. Furthermore, blocking transcription suppresses both types of NETosis, without affecting the reactive oxygen species production that is necessary for antimicrobial functions. Therefore, we assign a new function for transcription in neutrophils: Transcriptional firing, regulated by NETosis-specific kinases, helps to drive NETosis. PMID:28176807

4. Evolving minds: Helping students with cognitive dissonance

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Bramschreiber, Terry L.

Even 150 years after Charles Darwin published On the Origin of Species, public school teachers still find themselves dealing with student resistance to learning about biological evolution. Some teachers deal with this pressure by undermining, deemphasizing, or even omitting the topic in their science curriculum. Others face the challenge and deliver solid scientific instruction of evolutionary theory despite the conflicts that may arise. The latter were the topic of this study. I interviewed five teachers that had experience dealing with resistance to learning evolution in their school community. Through these in-depth interviews, I examined strategies these teachers use when facing resistance and how they help students deal with the cognitive dissonance that may be experienced when learning about evolution. I selected the qualitative method of educational criticism and connoisseurship to organize and categorize my data. From the interviews, the following findings emerged. Experienced teachers increased their confidence in teaching evolution by pursuing outside professional development. They not only learned more about evolutionary theory, but about creationist arguments against evolution. These teachers front-load their curriculum to integrate the nature of science into their lessons to address misunderstandings about how science works. They also highlight the importance of learning evolutionary theory but ensure students they do not have an agenda to indoctrinate students. Finally these experienced teachers work hard to create an intellectually safe learning environment to build trusting and respectful relationships with their students.

5. Helping Water Utilities Grapple with Climate Change

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Yates, D.; Gracely, B.; Miller, K.

2008-12-01

The Water Research Foundation (WRF), serving the drinking water industry and the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) are collaborating on an effort to develop and implement locally-relevant, structured processes to help water utilities consider the impacts and adaptation options that climate variability and change might have on their water systems. Adopting a case-study approach, the structured process include 1) a problem definition phase, focused on identifying goals, information needs, utility vulnerabilities and possible adaptation options in the face of climate and hydrologic uncertainty; 2) developing and/or modifying system-specific Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) models and conducting sensitivity analysis to identify critical variables; 3) developing probabilistic climate change scenarios focused on exploring uncertainties identified as important in the sensitivity analysis in step 2; and 4) implementing the structured process and examining approaches decision making under uncertainty. Collaborators include seven drinking water utilities and two state agencies: 1) The Inland Empire Utility Agency, CA; 2) The El Dorado Irrigation District, Placerville CA; 2) Portland Water Bureau, Portland OR; 3) Colorado Springs Utilities, Colo Spgs, CO; 4) Cincinnati Water, Cincinnati, OH; 5) Massachusetts Water Resources Authority (MWRA), Boston, MA; 6) Durham Water, Durham, NC; and 7) Palm Beach County Water (PBCW), Palm Beach, FL. The California Department of Water Resources and the Colorado Water Conservation Board were the state agencies that we have collaborated with.

6. Implementing healthcare information security: standards can help.

PubMed

Orel, Andrej; Bernik, Igor

2013-01-01

Using widely spread common approaches to systems security in health dedicated controlled environments, a level of awareness, confidence and acceptance of relevant standardisation is evaluated. Patients' information is sensitive, so putting appropriate organisational techniques as well as modern technology in place to secure health information is of paramount importance. Mobile devices are becoming the top priorities in advanced information security planning with healthcare environments being no exception. There are less and less application areas in healthcare without having a need for a mobile functionality which represents an even greater information security challenge. This is also true in emergency treatments, rehabilitation and homecare just to mention a few areas outside hospital controlled environments. Unfortunately quite often traditional unsecured communications principles are still in routine use for communicating sensitive health related information. The security awareness level with users, patients and care professionals is not high enough so potential threats and risks may not be addressed and the respective information security management is therefore weak. Standards like ISO/IEC 27000 ISMS family, the ISO/IEC 27799 information security guidelines in health are often not well known, but together with legislation principles such as HIPAA, they can help.

7. Health information technology: help or hindrance?

PubMed

Ketchersid, Terry

2014-07-01

The practice of medicine in general and nephrology in particular grows increasingly complex with each passing year. In parallel with this trend, the purchasers of health care are slowly shifting the reimbursement paradigm from one based on rewarding transactions, or work performed, to one that rewards value delivered. Within this context, the health-care value equation is broadly defined as quality divided by costs. Health information technology has been widely recognized as 1 of the foundations for delivering better care at lower costs. As the largest purchaser of health care in the world, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services has deployed a series of interrelated programs designed to spur the adoption and utilization of health information technology. This review examines our known collective experience in the practice of nephrology to date with several of these programs and attempts to answer the following question: Is health information technology helping or hindering the delivery of value to the nation's health-care system? Through this review, it was concluded overall that the effect of health information technology appears positive; however, it cannot be objectively determined because of the infancy of its utilization in the practice of medicine.

8. Not Everybody Needs Help to Seek Help: Surprising Effects of Metacognitive Instructions to Foster Help-Seeking in an Online-Learning Environment

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stahl, Elmar; Bromme, Rainer

2009-01-01

Offering help functions is a standard feature of computer-based interactive learning environments (ILE). Nevertheless, a number of recent studies indicate that learners are not using such help facilities effectively. We compared the effects of different metacognitive supports to foster learners' help-seeking behavior in an ILE for plant…

9. Helping States, Helping Students: Improving Education in Tough Times. 2011 Annual Report

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2011

2011-01-01

The 2011 Southern Regional Education Board annual report describes SREB's recent achievements and how the organization has helped its 16 member states improve education in tough economic times. The report highlights program activities and also includes remarks from the Board Chair and President, acknowledgment of financial contributors, and lists…

10. Help to Older Parents and Parents-in-Law: Does Paid Employment Constrain Women's Helping Behaviour?

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rosenthal, Carolyn J.; Hayward, Lynda; Martin-Matthews, Anne; Denton, Margaret A.

2004-01-01

While concern has been expressed for some time about the impact of rising female employment on informal help to older adults, few studies have directly compared employed and not-employed women and only rarely has research utilized national, population-based samples. This article examines whether paid employment reduces the provision and/or the…

11. Simulations Help School Leaders Hone People Skills: Simulations Help School Leaders Practice "Tough Conversations"

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sparks, Sarah D.

2011-01-01

This article reports on a simulation training program for school leaders at Syracuse University. The project is creating a series of parent, teacher, student, and community-member roles to help principals and teachers learn how to handle tricky conversations. Supported by a three-year grant from the U.S. Department of Education's Institute of…

12. Psychometric Analysis of Computer Science Help-Seeking Scales

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pajares, Frank; Cheong, Yuk Fai; Oberman, Paul

2004-01-01

The purpose of this study was to develop scales to assess instrumental help seeking, executive help seeking, perceived benefits of help seeking, and avoidance of help seeking and to examine their psychometric properties by conducting factor and reliability analyses. As this is the first attempt to examine the latent structures underlying the…

13. Help Seeking in Online Collaborative Groupwork: A Multilevel Analysis

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Du, Jianxia; Xu, Jianzhong; Fan, Xitao

2015-01-01

This study examined predictive models for students' help seeking in the context of online collaborative groupwork. Results from multilevel analysis revealed that most of the variance in help seeking was at the individual student level, and multiple variables at the individual level were predictive of help-seeking behaviour. Help seeking was…

14. How Can I Help a Friend Who Cuts?

MedlinePlus

... Get Weight Loss Surgery? A Week of Healthy Breakfasts Shyness How Can I Help a Friend Who Cuts? KidsHealth > For Teens > How Can I Help a Friend Who Cuts? Print A A A What's in this article? Be an Informed Friend Your Feelings Ways to Help Things to Avoid How Important Is It to Help? What If a Friend ...

15. Predicting Relationship Help Seeking Prior to a Marriage Checkup

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fleming, C. J. Eubanks; Cordova, James V.

2012-01-01

Although the barriers to couples' help seeking can be daunting, to date there is only a small body of literature addressing the factors that motivate couples to seek help. This study examined the association between attitudes toward relationship help seeking and relationship help seeking behaviors, as well as the association between marital…

16. Some Determinants and Consequences of Helping by the Elderly.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Midlarsky, Elizabeth; Kahana, Eva

Research on helping behavior has focused on help to elderly individuals rather than help by elderly individuals. To investigate the determinants and consequences of helping by older adults, 117 adults, from five Detroit senior citizen residences, with a mean age of 75.6 (67 percent female) completed a personal/demographic questionnaire, including…

17. Can Viral Videos Help Beaver Restore Streams?

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Castro, J. M.; Pollock, M. M.; Lewallen, G.; Jordan, C.; Woodruff, K.

2015-12-01

Have you watched YouTube lately? Did you notice the plethora of cute animal videos? Researchers, including members of our Beaver Restoration Research team, have been studying the restoration potential of beaver for decades, yet in the past few years, beaver have gained broad acclaim and some much deserved credit for restoration of aquatic systems in North America. Is it because people can now see these charismatic critters in action from the comfort of their laptops? While the newly released Beaver Restoration Guidebook attempts to answer many questions, sadly, this is not one of them. We do, however, address the use of beaver (Castor canadensis) in stream, wetland, and floodplain restoration and discuss the many positive effects of beaver on fluvial ecosystems. Our team, composed of researchers from NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service, US Fish and Wildlife Service, US Forest Service, and Portland State University, has developed a scientifically rigorous, yet accessible, practitioner's guide that provides a synthesis of the best available science for using beaver to improve ecosystem functions. Divided into two broad sections -- Beaver Ecology and Beaver Restoration and Management -- the guidebook focuses on the many ways in which beaver improve habitat, primarily through the construction of dams that impound water and retain sediment. In Beaver Ecology, we open with a discussion of the general effects that beaver dams have on physical and biological processes, and we close with "Frequently Asked Questions" and "Myth Busters". In Restoration and Management, we discuss common emerging restoration techniques and methods for mitigating unwanted beaver effects, followed by case studies from pioneering practitioners who have used many of these beaver restoration techniques in the field. The lessons they have learned will help guide future restoration efforts. We have also included a comprehensive beaver ecology library of over 1400 references from scientific journals

18. Radargrammetry helps fight hunger in Ethiopia

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Kanshie, Tadesse K.; Romeijn, Paul P.; Nezry, Edmond; Yakam-Simen, Francis

2002-01-01

This paper reports the operational implementation of radargrammetry for the production of Digital Elevation Models, or DEMs, to areas of rugged topography. The Southern Ethiopian Highlands east of lake Abaya, with elevations between ca. 900 and 4,400 meters, were mapped. Currently available topographical maps are of insufficient quality to assist a study of the area's unique land use system, which is arguably the oldest and most durably sustained land use system of the planet. Without external inputs or terracing, the land use system maintains soil fertility and staves-off hunger. It has been doing so during the past 30 years of unrest and civil war, in one of the most crowded regions of Ethiopia. However, the central role of the staple crop enset within the land use system and its production cycles has hardly been the subject of scientific study. Understanding of this system is most likely to be relevant to enhancement of health and productivity in many regions of the world. Upon the request of the Agricultural Bureau for Gedeo Zone, geocoded and georeferenced topographical maps with accuracy of 20 meters (x, y and z) were made by PRIVATEERS N.V. on the basis of RADARSAT multi-incidence (S2/S7) images. These maps are now incorporated as the basic layer within the Bureau's GIS system. Map production techniques proved to be cost effective and relevant; especially for mountainous areas with poor accessability where correct geographic information is not available. The ease of orientation proved of invaluable help to rationalize execution and planning of cost-effective environmental field work and reporting.

19. Why May Allopregnanolone Help Alleviate Loneliness?

PubMed Central

Cacioppo, S.; Cacioppo, J. T.

2015-01-01

Impaired biosynthesis of Allopregnanolone (ALLO), a brain endogenous neurosteroid, has been associated with numerous behavioral dysfunctions, which range from anxiety- and depressive-like behaviors to aggressive behavior and changes in responses to contextual fear conditioning in rodent models of emotional dysfunction. Recent animal research also demonstrates a critical role of ALLO in social isolation. Although there are likely aspects of perceived social isolation that are uniquely human, there is also continuity across species. Both human and animal research show that perceived social isolation (which can be defined behaviorally in animals and humans) has detrimental effects on physical health, such as increased hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) activity, decreased brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression, and increased depressive behavior. The similarities between animal and human research suggest that perceived social isolation (loneliness) may also be associated with a reduction in the synthesis of ALLO, potentially by reducing BDNF regulation and increasing HPA activity through the hippocampus, amygdala, and bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST), especially during social threat processing. Accordingly, exogenous administration of ALLO (or ALLO precursor, such as pregnenolone), in humans may help alleviate loneliness. Congruent with our hypothesis, exogenous administration of ALLO (or ALLO precursors) in humans has been shown to improve various stress-related disorders that show similarities between animals and humans i.e., post-traumatic stress disorders, traumatic brain injuries. Because a growing body of evidence demonstrates the benefits of ALLO in socially isolated animals, we believe our ALLO hypothesis can be applied to loneliness in humans, as well. PMID:26365247

20. Could plants help tame the greenhouse

SciTech Connect

Baskin, Y.

1993-03-19

It's easy to see how climate change might affect the globe's vegetation, driving hardwood forests into regions now covered with evergreens and causing deserts to shift. It's less easy to picture the other side of the coin: biology's impact on the atmosphere. So mathematician Berrien Moore III of the University of New Hampshire, who heads the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program task force on global analysis, interpretation, and modeling, staged a simple demonstration. He modeled the effects of a biosphere fertilized by increased CO[sub 2] - and found that it could first help, then hinder, human efforts to slow the buildup of greenhouse gases. To simulate such a biotic carbon sink, Moore combined a simple model of CO[sub 2] uptake by the ocean with an equally simple model of its uptake by photosynthesis on land and its release by deforestation and plant decay. He then forced this simple ocean-atmosphere-vegetation model with fossil fuel CO[sub 2] emissions from 1860 to the present. As expected, his model ended up with too much carbon in the atmosphere. So he turned up photosynthesis, fertilizing plant growth in his model, until the rate of CO[sub 2] buildup just matched the observed increase. Moore then explored how this terrestrial carbon sink would respond if the CO[sub 2] buildup slowed. The result: If you were to cap the rate of CO[sub 2] emissions from fossil fuel burning, [this terrestrial] sink would reduce the atmospheric lifetime of CO[sub 2] by a factor of four or five. This cleansing effect would operate on timescales of years or decades, compared with centuries for the ocean, says Moore - fast enough to aid human efforts to slow the CO[sub 2] buildup. However, it doesn't do it forever. If at some point emissions cuts and the terrestrial sink succeeded in reducing atmospheric CO[sub 2], plant growth would drop and CO[sub 2] levels would bounce back up as all the extra biomass rotted away.

1. Vietnam seeks help expanding voluntary surgical contraception.

PubMed

Piet-pelon, N J; Sukop, S

1992-07-01

Recent surveys by the Vietnamese Ministry of Health suggest that 60% of married women desire no more children. Yet only 2% of currently married women and less than 1/2 of 1% of their partners use sterilization. Underscoring the high unmet need for effective family planning, over 1 million abortions (legal in Vietnam for the past 20 years) are performed annually. This rate corresponds to 1 abortion for every live birth. The Ministry of Health has recently welcomed a variety of organizations, including AVSC, whose assistance can help expand the country's family planning programs. Sorely lacking in supplies, equipment, and trained personnel, Vietnam has merited priority status--2nd only to China and India--from the UNFPA, which has committed \$36 million over the next 4 years. Other organizations currently working in Vietnam include the Population Council, the Population Crisis Committee, and the International Planned Parenthood Federation. Despite enormous casualties during the war years, and a decrease since the 1970s in average family size from 6 to 4 children, the population of Vietnam has continued to grow rapidly, far outpacing economic growth. Currently 67 million, the population is expected to reach 80 million by the year 2000. The average Vietnamese annual income is only \$195, among the lowest in the world. Doi moi, the process of economic reform begun in 1986, coupled with new government incentives for families who have no more than 2 children, is changing the face of family planning in Vietnam. Newly opened pharmacies sell imported birth control pills and condoms (to those who can afford them), while government hospitals and health clinics provide mainly IUDs, in addition to limited supplies of pills and condoms. Throughout the country, some 8000 community-level health centers are staffed by nurse-midwives trained in family planning. Voluntary sterilization is available at the district, provincial, and national hospitals. All married women may obtain family

2. The impact of help seeking on individual task performance: the moderating effect of help seekers' logics of action.

PubMed

Geller, Dvora; Bamberger, Peter A

2012-03-01

Drawing from achievement-goal theory and the social psychological literature on help seeking, we propose that it is the variance in the logic underpinning employees' help seeking that explains divergent findings regarding the relationship between help seeking and task performance. Using a sample of 110 newly hired customer contact employees, a prospective study design, and archival performance data, we found no evidence of a hypothesized main effect of help seeking on performance. However, we did find that the help seeking-performance relationship was conditioned by the degree to which help seekers endorse 2 alternative help-seeking logics (autonomous vs. dependent logic) such that the level of help seeking is more strongly related to performance among those either more strongly endorsing an autonomous help-seeking logic or more weakly endorsing a dependent help-seeking logic.

3. Helping organizations help others: organization development as a facilitator of social change.

PubMed

Boyd, Neil M

2011-01-01

This article explores organization development (OD) interventions and their likelihood of increasing social change outcomes in public agencies. The central argument of this work is that public and nonprofit organizations can deliver better social outcomes by systematically engaging in OD interventions. An in-depth survey was conducted in 3 agencies of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania at the end of the gubernatorial administration of Tom Ridge (1995-2002). During his administration, Governor Ridge led the agencies of Pennsylvania government through a large-scale change effort to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of service delivery to the citizens of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The change effort was a remarkable event for the Commonwealth because no other governor in the history of the state had attempted to conceptualize and deliver a comprehensive large-scale change management initiative. The successes and setbacks served as a fertile context to shed light on the following research question: Do OD interventions increase the likelihood that public organizations will deliver better social outcomes? This question is important in that public organizations may need to engage in organization development activities to improve their internal operations, which in turn may help them provide exemplary social outcomes to those whom they serve. In short, organization development interventions might allow public organizations to help themselves to help others.

4. Rotating Stars Can Help Planets Become Habitable

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Kohler, Susanna

2015-12-01

What characteristics must a terrestrial planet exhibit to have the potential to host life? Orbiting within the habitable zone of its host star is certainly a good start, but theres another important aspect: the planet has to have the right atmosphere. A recent study has determined how host stars can help their planets to lose initial, enormous gaseous envelopes and become more Earth-like.Collecting An EnvelopeWhen a terrestrial planet forms inside a gaseous protoplanetary disk, it can accumulate a significant envelope of hydrogen gas causing the planet to bear more similarity to a mini-Neptune than to Earth. Before the planet can become habitable, it must shed this enormous, primordial hydrogen envelope, so that an appropriate secondary atmosphere can form.So what determines whether a planet can get rid of its protoatmosphere? The dominant process for shedding a hydrogen atmosphere is thermal mass loss: as the planets upper atmosphere is heated by X-ray and extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) radiation from the host star, the envelope evaporates.A Critical DependenceIn a recent study led by Colin Johnstone (University of Vienna), a team of scientists has developed models of this evaporation process for hydrogen planetary atmospheres. In particular, Johnstone and collaborators examine how the host stars initial rotation rate which strongly impacts the stars level of XUV activity affects the degree to which the planets hydrogen atmosphere is evaporated, and the rate at which the evaporation occurs.The authors findings can be illustrated with the example of an Earth-mass planet located in the habitable zone of a solar-mass star. In this case, the authors find four interesting regimes (shown in the plot to the right):Evolution of the hydrogen protoatmosphere of an Earth-mass planet in the habitable zone of a solar-mass star. The four lettered cases describe different initial atmospheric masses. The three curves for each case describe the stellar rotation rate: slow (red

5. Making Stars … With a Little Help

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Kohler, Susanna

2015-11-01

in all cases, the presence of external pressure causes the star formation rates to be significantly higher than in the cases with no feedback. For galaxies that contain a high gas fraction, this difference is especially pronounced at early times; the external pressure causes gas to fragment into clumps that are dense enough to form stars much sooner than in the absence of pressure.Bieri and collaborators also track the mass entering and leaving the galactic disk during the simulation. When external pressure is present, it drives a large net mass inflow at the beginning of the simulation, carrying in material from the halo and outer disk. This early source of mass helps to feed cloud and clump growth in the inner parts of the galaxy contributing to the increased star formation rate in the pressurized cases.Thus, this simple model has demonstrated that enhanced pressure due to AGN feedback is an effective means of explaining the large star formation rates we observe in high-redshift galaxies.CitationRebekka Bieri et al 2015 ApJ 812 L36. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/812/2/L36

6. Can Biogeochemists Help To Enhance Urban Resilience?

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Baker, L. A.

2012-12-01

systems. Better biogeochemical knowledge of urban nutrient flows - and perhaps development of mitigation strategies, such as wetland treatment systems- could help prevent degradation of urban aquifers or restore them, increasing resilience of cities to drought. Third, we know little about how extreme climatic fluctuations alter biogeochemical cycles and how these alterations might affect resilience of cities. The current drought, for example, has had profound effects on lake ecosystems in the Twin Cities. Some of these effects may be semi-permanent, such as "switching" of shallow lakes from macrophyte dominated to algae dominated systems with substantial reduction in human utilization. Finally, simply acquiring biogeochemical knowledge is not sufficient to develop urban resilience. This knowledge needs to be translated into meaningful measurements (to provide feedback) and appropriate responses. Urban biogeochemists need to be involved in translational activities, but cannot do this on an ad hoc basis. Instead, universities need to develop new models to support translational research for urban ecosystems.

7. Radiation Therapy -- What It Is, How It Helps

MedlinePlus

... Types Radiation Therapy EASY READING Radiation Therapy -- What It Is, How It Helps This easy-to-read guide offers a ... Imagine a world free from cancer. Help make it a reality. DONATE Cancer Information Cancer Prevention & Detection ...

8. Daily Aspirin May Help Prevent Some Recurrent Miscarriages

MedlinePlus

... https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_163515.html Daily Aspirin May Help Prevent Some Recurrent Miscarriages Approach seemed ... as simple as taking a daily low-dose aspirin could help prevent a recurrence. The intervention appears ...

9. Eldercare at Home: Helping with Recovery from Illness

MedlinePlus

... e-newsletter! Resources Eldercare at Home: Helping with Recovery from Illness Caregiving How Tos Understanding the Problem ... can and cannot do. Ask about the following: recovery time, diet, exercises, how to help with bladder ...

10. Veterans Crisis Line: Videos About Reaching out for Help

MedlinePlus Videos and Cool Tools

... Involved Crisis Centers About Be There Show You Care Find Resources Graphic Generator Toolkit Signs of Crisis ... out for help. Bittersweet More Videos from Veterans Health Administration Watch additional videos about getting help. Be ...

11. Tips to Help Parents Manage Their Child's Asthma Every Day

MedlinePlus

... to Help Parents Manage Their Child's Asthma Every Day Past Issues / Fall 2013 Table of Contents Asthma ... persistent asthma (for example, symptoms more than 2 days a week). Your health provider will help you ...

12. Help-Seeking Behavior among Urban Black Adults.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

And Others; Hendricks, Leo E.

1981-01-01

Data were gathered from adult urban Blacks to identify and describe sources of help in dealing with serious problems. Results indicated that the most frequently consulted sources of help were hospitals, community mental health centers, and hotlines. (RC)

13. Related Rules and Programs that Help States Attain PM Standards

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

EPA’s national and regional rules to reduce emissions of pollutants that form particle pollution will help state and local governments meet the PM NAAQS. A number of voluntary programs also are helping areas reduce fine PM pollution.

14. Brain Chip Helps Paralyzed 'Type' with Their Mind

MedlinePlus

... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_163705.html Brain Chip Helps Paralyzed 'Type' With Their Mind Researchers ... 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A microchip implanted in the brain helped paralyzed patients "type" on a computer via ...

15. College Students and Alcohol Abuse: New Resources Can Help

MedlinePlus

... turn Javascript on. College Students and Alcohol Abuse: New Resources Can Help Past Issues / Fall 2009 Table ... to reducing drunk driving, NIH research is developing new intervention tools and techniques to help colleges, students, ...

16. How Can Music Help People Who Have Alzheimer's Disease?

MedlinePlus

Music and Alzheimer's: Can it help? How can music help people who have Alzheimer's disease? Answers from ... D. Research suggests that listening to or singing music can provide emotional and behavioral benefits for people ...

17. Death Anxiety as Related to Helping Behaviour and Vocational Interests.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Salter, Charles A.; Templer, Donald I.

1979-01-01

The Death Anxiety Scale and questions about helping the elderly were administered to undergraduates. An inverse relationship exists for females between death anxiety and the tendency to help the elderly. (Author)

18. Mouthwash Helps Kill Gonorrhea Germs in Mouth, Throat: Study

MedlinePlus

... gov/news/fullstory_162649.html Mouthwash Helps Kill Gonorrhea Germs in Mouth, Throat: Study Listerine's maker has ... A commercial brand of mouthwash can help control gonorrhea bacteria in the mouth, and daily use may ...

19. Outgroup helping as a tool to communicate ingroup warmth.

PubMed

van Leeuwen, Esther; Täuber, Susanne

2012-06-01

The authors extend previous research on the effects of metastereotype activation on outgroup helping by examining in more detail the role of group impression management motives and by studying direct helping (i.e., helping the outgroup believed to hold a negative view of the ingroup). Data from three experiments provided full support for the communicative nature of direct outgroup helping by demonstrating that outgroup helping in response to a negative metastereotype was predicted by participants' concern for the image of their ingroup, but not by their self-image concerns. Moreover, group image concerns predicted outgroup helping but not ingroup helping and predicted outgroup helping only when a negative metastereotype was activated, compared with a positive metastereotype, or a (negative or positive) autostereotype. The results also ruled out an alternative explanation in terms of denying the self-relevance of the metastereotype.

20. Top 5 Ways to Help Students with ADD/ADHD

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Johnson, Kathy

2011-01-01

This article suggests five ways to help students with ADD/ADHD. These are: (1) Integrate the primitive reflexes; (2) Diet; (3) Visual attention; (4) Help for auditory attention; and (5) Cognitive training.

1. Speaking Out for Yourself: A Self-Help Guide

MedlinePlus

Speaking Out for Yourself—A Self-Help Guide Acknowledgements This publication was funded by the U.S. Department ... In Closing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Further Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 SMA-3719 Speaking Out for Yourself—A Self-Help Guide Page ...

2. Family Functioning and Adolescent Help-Seeking Behavior.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fallon, Barry J.; Bowles, Terry V. P.

2001-01-01

Examined relationship between help seeking behavior and family functioning. Adolescents who sought help clustered into two groups of families - one high in conflict and low in democratic parenting style, and one low in conflict and high in democratic parenting style. Complex relationships between help seeking behavior, type of family, and type of…

3. Self-Help and Community Education. Courier No. 28.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ASPBAE Courier, 1983

1983-01-01

This journal consists of eight articles dealing with self-help and community education. Included in the volume are the following articles: "An Uphill Struggle--Self-Help in Bangladesh," by S. Harrison and Judy Saul; "How Not to Help a Local Community: A Case from South India," by Nora Sammut and Maria Theresa; "The High…

4. 25 CFR 103.2 - Who does the Program help?

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

2013-04-01

... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Who does the Program help? 103.2 Section 103.2 Indians... INTEREST SUBSIDY General Provisions § 103.2 Who does the Program help? The purpose of the Program is to... direct function of the Program is to help lenders reduce excessive risks on loans they make....

5. 25 CFR 103.2 - Who does the Program help?

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

2011-04-01

... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Who does the Program help? 103.2 Section 103.2 Indians... INTEREST SUBSIDY General Provisions § 103.2 Who does the Program help? The purpose of the Program is to... direct function of the Program is to help lenders reduce excessive risks on loans they make....

6. 25 CFR 103.2 - Who does the Program help?

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

2014-04-01

... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Who does the Program help? 103.2 Section 103.2 Indians... INTEREST SUBSIDY General Provisions § 103.2 Who does the Program help? The purpose of the Program is to... direct function of the Program is to help lenders reduce excessive risks on loans they make....

7. Seeking Help for Psychological Distress in Urban China

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chen, Juan

2012-01-01

Based on data gathered through a household survey of 1,474 urban residents in Beijing, this study examines Chinese help-seeking behaviors in times of psychological distress and perceived barriers to seeking professional help. The results demonstrate that most respondents rely on informal means of seeking help whereas mental health and medical…

8. 25 CFR 103.2 - Who does the Program help?

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

2012-04-01

... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Who does the Program help? 103.2 Section 103.2 Indians... INTEREST SUBSIDY General Provisions § 103.2 Who does the Program help? The purpose of the Program is to... direct function of the Program is to help lenders reduce excessive risks on loans they make....

9. 25 CFR 103.2 - Who does the Program help?

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

2010-04-01

... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Who does the Program help? 103.2 Section 103.2 Indians... INTEREST SUBSIDY General Provisions § 103.2 Who does the Program help? The purpose of the Program is to... direct function of the Program is to help lenders reduce excessive risks on loans they make....

10. Using Powers of 10 to Help Students Develop Temporal Benchmarks

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schwartz, Mette Elisabeth

2009-01-01

One of the greatest challenges for middle school Earth science teachers is helping our students get a feel for the magnitude of the long spans that make up Earth's history. The intent of the strategy presented here is to help middle school students get a feel for the real sizes of powers of 10, and then help them use that understanding by…

11. Adolescents' Willingness to Seek Psychological Help: Promoting and Preventing Factors.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sheffield, Jeanie K.; Fiorenza, Erika; Sofronoff, Kate

2004-01-01

Although a relatively high percentage of Australian adolescents experience mental health problems, many disturbed adolescents do not receive the help they require, and only a small proportion of adolescents seek professional psychological help. The present study examined adolescents' willingness to seek help and investigated factors that promote…

12. Toddlers' Prosocial Behavior: From Instrumental to Empathic to Altruistic Helping

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Svetlova, Margarita; Nichols, Sara R.; Brownell, Celia A.

2010-01-01

The study explored how the meaning of prosocial behavior changes over toddlerhood. Sixty-five 18- and 30-month-olds could help an adult in 3 contexts: instrumental (action based), empathic (emotion based), and altruistic (costly). Children at both ages helped readily in instrumental tasks. For 18-month-olds, empathic helping was significantly more…

13. 29 CFR 1625.4 - Help wanted notices or advertisements.

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

2010-07-01

... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Help wanted notices or advertisements. 1625.4 Section 1625... DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT ACT Interpretations § 1625.4 Help wanted notices or advertisements. (a) Help wanted notices or advertisements may not contain terms and phrases that limit or deter the employment of...

14. Breaking the Silence: Helping Battered Moms and Their Children.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Texas Child Care, 2000

2000-01-01

Discusses issues of domestic violence to help child caregivers care for children more effectively. Considers the causes of domestic violence and its impact on children and families, and offers resources for more information as well as suggestions for helping an abused person get help. Includes lists of "Do's and don'ts for breaking the silence"…

15. The Rural Hospice: Integrating Formal and Informal Helping Systems.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jenkins, Lowell; Cook, Alicia S.

1981-01-01

Describes the implementation of the hospice philosophy in rural areas and provides a model of how formal helping systems and natural helping networks can work together effectively. Suggests the emergence of the hospice can reorient social workers to the basic concepts of helping. (Author/JAC)

16. Validating a Psychology as a Helping Profession Scale

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gervasio, Amy Herstein; Wendorf, Craig A.; Yoder, Natalie F.

2010-01-01

We developed an 11-item Psychology as a Helping Profession (PHP) scale that measured aspects of personal growth/helping skills and applied helping. The scale was only weakly correlated with Friedrich's (1996) Psychology as Science (PAS) scale, implying that the 2 scales measure different conceptions of the nature of psychology. Psychology majors…

17. Help-Seeking Behavior Prior to Nearly Lethal Suicide Attempts.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Barnes, Lauren Seymour; Ikeda, Robin M.; Kresnow, Marcie-jo

2002-01-01

The association between help-seeking and nearly lethal suicide attempts was evaluated using data from a population-based, case-control study. Measures of help-seeking included type of consultant contacted, and whether suicide was discussed. Findings suggest efforts to better understand the role of help-seeking in suicide prevention deserves…

18. Government interventions to aid choice: Help to self-help or paternalism?

PubMed

Gyrd-Hansen, Dorte; Kjær, Trine

2015-07-01

A random sample of Danish respondents was asked in which aspects of every-day life they find it more difficult to adhere to behavioural patterns that they believe are best for them and their family. Individuals report high degrees of lack of self-control in specific areas of everyday life, suggesting that individuals are not consistently exhibiting utility optimising behaviour, a finding that accords with behavioural economics and the expected prevalence of irrational behaviour. We observe greater self-perceived self-control problems amongst individuals from the lower economic strata. Thus, to the extent that self-control relates to environmental factors, there is justification for introducing government interventions targeting such factors to improve equity in health and to increase utility levels amongst those with lower incomes and lower levels of education. Further, the public's preferences for a range of government interventions targeting different facets of life-style were elicited. Individuals who were the target of interventions were less supportive of these interventions. Individuals in the target group whose self-perceived self-control was low tended to be more supportive, but still less so than those who were not targeted. Since support was shown to come mainly from those not targeted by the intervention, and especially from those who feel in control of their lives, our results indicate that the interventions cannot be justified on the grounds of libertarianism (help to self-help).

19. The Impact of Help Seeking on Individual Task Performance: The Moderating Effect of Help Seekers' Logics of Action

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Geller, Dvora; Bamberger, Peter A.

2012-01-01

Drawing from achievement-goal theory and the social psychological literature on help seeking, we propose that it is the variance in the logic underpinning employees' help seeking that explains divergent findings regarding the relationship between help seeking and task performance. Using a sample of 110 newly hired customer contact employees, a…

20. Exploring Professional Help-Seeking for Mental Disorders.

PubMed

Savage, Hannah; Murray, Joanna; Hatch, Stephani L; Hotopf, Matthew; Evans-Lacko, Sara; Brown, June S L

2016-10-01

Only a third of people with mental disorders seek professional help. In this study, we aimed to investigate attitudes toward help-seeking among non-help-seekers drawn from a community survey in South London. We conducted qualitative interviews with 24 participants with symptoms of mental disorders. We analyzed data using thematic analysis. Participants' reasons for not seeking professional help included perceiving their problems as normal or unsuitable for professional help, negative expectations of professional help, believing informal strategies were sufficient, fearing being stigmatized for having a mental disorder and help-seeking, and self-perceptions of being strong and/or self-reliant. A small number (n = 4) had resolved their problems. Participants with unresolved mental disorders (n = 20) had more chronic stressors, particularly about finances and family relationships, and greater concerns about professional help and stigma than other participants. Potential targets for interventions to encourage help-seeking could be focused around stigma about help-seeking as well as the self-perception of being strong.

1. Agreeableness, empathy, and helping: a person x situation perspective.

PubMed

Graziano, William G; Habashi, Meara M; Sheese, Brad E; Tobin, Renée M

2007-10-01

This research program explored links among prosocial motives, empathy, and helping behavior. Preliminary work found significant relations among components of self-reported empathy and personality (N = 223). In Study 1, the authors examined the generality of prosocial behavior across situations and group memberships of victims (N = 622). In Study 2, empathic focus and the victim's outgroup status were experimentally manipulated (N = 87). Study 3 (N = 245) replicated and extended Study 2 by collecting measures of prosocial emotions before helping. In Study 4 (N = 244), empathic focus and cost of helping as predictors of helping behavior were experimentally manipulated. Overall, prosocial motivation is linked to (a) Agreeableness as a dimension of personality, (b) proximal prosocial cognition and motives, and (c) helping behavior across a range of situations and victims. In persons low in prosocial motivation, when costs of helping are high, efforts to induce empathy situationally can undermine prosocial behavior.

2. Values and helping behavior: A study in four cultures.

PubMed

Daniel, Ella; Bilgin, Antoine Selim; Brezina, Ivan; Strohmeier, Charlotte Eva; Vainre, Maris

2015-06-01

Values are important factors in determining individuals' behaviours. Previous studies have examined the relations between values and helping behaviour, but usually in the context of a single culture. The current study examines the relations between personal value types and helping behaviour among university students (N = 722) in four cultures (Germany, Scotland-UK, Israel and Turkey). Across cultures, the value types of self-transcendence versus self-enhancement and conservation versus openness to change were positively related to helping. Specifically, self-transcendence values were positively related, and self-enhancement and openness to change values negatively related, to helping behaviour. The correlations pattern did not differ significantly between cultures.

3. The Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium--Some Helpful Suggestions.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ortiz, Mary T.; Taras, Loretta; Stavroulakis, Anthea M.

2000-01-01

Describes an approach that provides mathematical tips and helpful suggestions for presenting the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium to predict allele frequencies, phenotypes, and genotypes in populations. (ASK)

4. Perceived Helpfulness of Four Different Types of Marriage Preparation Interventions

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Duncan, Stephen F.; Childs, Geniel R.; Larson, Jeffry H.

2010-01-01

As evidence of the benefits of marriage preparation continues to mount, so does the importance of investigating the characteristics of the interventions that are most helpful and for whom. In a sample of 1,409 individuals, this study compares perceived helpfulness of four marriage preparation interventions: class, community/church sponsored…

5. Ten Years of Research on Group Size and Helping.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Latane, Bibb; Nida, Steve

1981-01-01

Reviewed research on the effect of the presence of other people on individuals' willingness to help in an emergency. Attention was paid to the nature of the precipitating incident; ambiguity of the helping situation; laboratory versus field settings; characteristics of subjects, victims, and bystanders; and communication among bystanders.…

6. Administrative Roles in Helping Faculty Adapt to Adult Learners.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Miller, Keith A.

Since the number of adult students engaging in higher education activities is growing rapidly and is expected to continue to climb, this paper is intended to help administrators develop a perspective from which to view adult learners on college campuses and craft programs to help faculty work more effectively with adult students. The first section…

7. Online Help for Problem Gambling among Chinese Youths

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lee, Chang Boon Patrick

2011-01-01

The objectives of this study were to determine the perceptions and accessibility of online help for problem gambling among Chinese youths. A group of undergraduates participated in a survey cum laboratory exercise to search for help for problem gambling in Macao, Hong Kong, and China. Online search engines were used. During the search process,…

8. Studying the Ways Students Get Help with Classwork

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sparks, Sarah D.

2015-01-01

One of the first lessons students are taught in school is "If you need help, raise your hand" but as students learn in an increasing variety of settings--in and out of classrooms, in person and online--educators and researchers are starting to take another look at how students learn to ask for help. This brief article uses findings from…

9. Growing Readers and Writers with Help from Mother Goose.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hamner, Devon

Primary-grade children can learn rhythm and rhyme from nursery rhymes. But those same poems can be used to help young students make connections to letters, sounds, and word chunks. This lesson lets Mother Goose help children grow as readers and writers. During the 5-10 minutes per day for these lessons, students will: develop a feel for the rhythm…

10. HELP! A Summer Program for the Gifted and Talented.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Monaco, Theresa; Goodner, Jane

The University of Houston's Center for Gifted and Talented Education (Texas) conducts summer workshops for teachers and gifted/talented children in a program called HELP (Helping Exceptional Learners Progress). The children learn more about their abilities, interact with other gifted children, and solve some of the problems they face because of…

11. Suicidal Behavior and Help Seeking among Diverse College Students

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Brownson, Chris; Becker, Martin Swanbrow; Shadick, Richard; Jaggars, Shanna S.; Nitkin-Kaner, Yael

2014-01-01

Suicidal and help-seeking behaviors of students of color remain a significant problem on college campuses. Self-reported suicidal experiences and help-seeking behavior of diverse students are examined on the basis of results from a national survey of college student mental health. The results suggest significant differences in the expression of…

12. Online Behavior in Virtual Space: An Empirical Study on Helping

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hsu, Jung-Lung; Hwang, Wu-Yuin; Huang, Yueh-Min; Liu, Jui-Jung

2011-01-01

Although previous studies have acknowledged that helping behavior has many potential benefits, little research has aimed at understanding which factors would possibly enhance helping behaviors among team members in CSCL environment. Accordingly, this study was intended to identify underlying factors leading learners to collaborate in virtual CSCL…

13. Racism and the Helping Relationship: One Method for Increasing Awareness.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

McNeill, Earle D.; And Others

This study explores the effects of a white, middle and upper-class preference system on the helping relationship. Evaluating people according to their monetary status, educational background, productiveness, and religious and social origins characterized many nursing students in the study. In an attempt to help students become aware of their own…

14. For Family and Friends: How Can I Help?

MedlinePlus

Fact Sheet - For Family and Friends: How Can I Help? What Can I Do? It is often difficult for family and friends to know what to do to help a ... say them. This uncertainty can cause family and friends to withdraw and distance themselves, leaving the patient ...

15. Tips for Teachers to Help Bilingual Chinese Immigrant Children

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Honig, Alice Sterling; Xu, Yili

2012-01-01

Teachers of young children in Chinese immigrant families need to help children become proficient in English (ESL) while affirming the children's bilingual abilities. Pictures, gestures, pantomimes, and props as well as specific input of school-related words help bilingual young children learn English. Teachers read storybooks in English while…

16. Adolescents' Views of Helping Professionals: A Review of the Literature

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Freake, Helen; Barley, Val; Kent, Gerry

2007-01-01

This paper reviews 54 papers exploring adolescents' own views of their interactions with doctors, mental health workers and other "helping professionals". Twelve global themes emerge repeatedly in the qualitative literature, where adolescents are asked to talk about their preferences or their experiences of receiving help from such professionals.…

17. Helping Skills Training for Undergraduates: Outcomes and Prediction of Outcomes

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hill, Clara E.; Roffman, Melissa; Stahl, Jessica; Friedman, Suzanne; Hummel, Ann; Wallace, Chrisanthy

2008-01-01

The authors examined outcomes and predictors of outcomes for 85 undergraduates in 3 helping skills classes. After training, trainees used more exploration skills in helping sessions with classmates (as assessed by perceptions of helpees and helpers/trainees as well as behavioral counts of skills), were perceived by helpees as more empathic, talked…

18. Helping Hands Project Report, 1984-85. Newark School District.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Madhere, Serge; Walker, Elaine M.

The Helping Hands Project (HHP) is a program that aims at improving achievement in reading comprehension and in math problem-solving by helping the classroom teacher sustain instructional intensity. Implemented in grades four and six in two Newark School District elementary schools, HHP involved five teachers and 117 students. Ninety-two percent…

19. Value Talk: Helping Children Grow. A Workshop Presentation.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Miles, Sue

The presentation described in this booklet provides the teacher with knowledge needed to help children achieve positive emotional and intellectual growth. It explains how to engage children in talk/dialogue that will help them make profitable choices; choose healthy emotions; overcome anger, anxiety and worry; learn to control their thoughts; and…

20. Assessing Multicultural Competence of Helping-Profession Students

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hladik, Jakub

2016-01-01

In this article, I focus on assessing multicultural competence of helping-profession students. The "Multicultural Competence Scale of Helping-Profession Students" was used for data collection. The aim of the research was to find out the level of students' multicultural competence due to the current lack of this information in Central…

1. Asking for Help: The Key to Career Success

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beaudette, Donald J.; Nolan, Elizabeth A.

2013-01-01

Many districts have formal induction and mentoring programs to assist teachers new to the district. However, if you are in a district that does not, seeking out an experienced, positive, and trustworthy colleague will help you to navigate the beginning of a rewarding career. It is essential to remember that asking for help is absolutely critical…

2. Social Goals and Willingness to Seek Help for School Violence

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Yablon, Yaacov B.

2012-01-01

The relation between students' social goals and their willingness to seek help for school violence was examined. Four hundred and sixty-two students from sixth, eighth, and tenth grades responded to vignettes used to assess willingness to seek help from teachers and friends for dealing with relational and physical violence. Intimacy goals enhanced…

3. A Magnetic Set-Up to Help Teach Newton's Laws

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Panijpan, Bhinyo; Sujarittham, Thanida; Arayathanitkul, Kwan; Tanamatayarat, Jintawat; Nopparatjamjomras, Suchai

2009-01-01

A set-up comprising a magnetic disc, a solenoid and a mechanical balance was used to teach first-year physics students Newton's third law with the help of a free body diagram. The image of a floating magnet immobilized by the solenoid's repulsive force should help dispel a common misconception of students as regards the first law: that stationary…

4. Willingness among College Students to Help a Smoker Quit

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thomas, Janet L.; Gerber, Tracy A.; Brockman, Tabetha A.; Patten, Christi A.; Schroeder, Darrell R.; Offord, Kenneth P.

2008-01-01

Objective: Between February and March 2003, the authors examined college students' willingness to help a smoker quit and assessed demographic and psychosocial characteristics associated with willingness to help. Participants: Survey respondents were 701 college students (474 women, 227 men) aged 18 to 24 years who indicated there was someone close…

5. Crossing a Broad Gray Line to Help Children

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Allen, Megan M.

2015-01-01

Helping students with mental health issues sometimes presents teachers with the dilemma of following the letter of school rules or doing what is best for the child. One teacher tells her story of crossing such lines, but only in service to children. She also outlines what teachers can and should do to help students who need mental health services.

6. Who Helps Whom? Investigating the Development of Adolescent Prosocial Relationships

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

van Rijsewijk, Loes; Dijkstra, Jan Kornelis; Pattiselanno, Kim; Steglich, Christian; Veenstra, René

2016-01-01

We investigated adolescent prosocial relations by examining social networks based on the question "Who helps you (e.g., with homework, with repairing a flat [bicycle] tire, or when you are feeling down?)." The effects of individual characteristics (academic achievement, symptoms of depressive mood, and peer status) on receiving help and…

7. Deserts. Habitat Ecology Learning Program (HELP). Teachers' Manual.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, NY.

The goal of this guide is to address a major environmental dilemma: worldwide habitat destruction and the disappearance of species. This guide is one of six that are included in the Habitat Ecology Learning Program (HELP), a holistic life science curriculum that involves students in an in-depth study of ecology. HELP includes six teaching guides…

8. How Nature Works. Habitat Ecology Learning Program (HELP). Teachers' Manual.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, NY.

The goal of this guide is to address a major environmental dilemma: worldwide habitat destruction and the disappearance of species. This guide is one of six that are included in the Habitat Ecology Learning Program (HELP), a holistic life science curriculum that involves students in an in-depth study of ecology. HELP includes six teaching guides…

9. Temperate Forests. Habitat Ecology Learning Program (HELP). Teachers' Manual.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, NY.

The goal of this guide is to address a major environmental dilemma: worldwide habitat destruction and the disappearance of species. This guide is one of six that are included in the Habitat Ecology Learning Program (HELP), a holistic life science curriculum that involves students in an in-depth study of ecology. HELP includes six teaching guides…

10. Wetlands. Habitat Ecology Learning Program (HELP). Teachers' Manual.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, NY.

The goal of this guide is to address a major environmental dilemma: worldwide habitat destruction and the disappearance of species. This guide is one of six that are included in the Habitat Ecology Learning Program (HELP), a holistic life science curriculum that involves students in an in-depth study of ecology. HELP includes six teaching guides…

11. Grasslands. Habitat Ecology Learning Program (HELP). Teachers' Manual.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, NY.

The goal of this guide is to address a major environmental dilemma: worldwide habitat destruction and the disappearance of species. This guide is one of six that are included in the Habitat Ecology Learning Program (HELP), a holistic life science curriculum that involves students in an in-depth study of ecology. HELP includes six teaching guides…

12. Learning with New Technologies: Help Seeking and Information Searching Revisited

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Puustinen, Minna; Rouet, Jean-Francois

2009-01-01

Education researchers have amply documented the beneficial effects of help seeking on learning and understanding. Requesting help from teachers (or other human sources) when faced with a difficult task is now considered a self-regulated learning strategy. In a related domain, information search refers to learner-initiated efforts to obtain further…

13. The Last Nine Weeks: Helping Seniors Say Goodbye.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Molnar, Bonnie

1999-01-01

Describes a unit for the final nine weeks of a senior English class which helps seniors say goodbye. Discusses how reading Sandra Cisneros'"The House on Mango Street" and writing their own versions of excerpts of it (along with other class activities) helps students define what they are leaving and come to terms with it. (SR)

14. Socially Indigenous Help: The Community Cares for Itself.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Curry, Ronald; Young, Richard D.

Recently, interest has increased in self-help groups, lay referral networks, social support networks, natural helpers, and others which may be placed under a single conceptual umbrella--socially indigenous help--because they all deal with the issue of how people use other people, social groups, and lay institutions to alleviate problems in living,…

15. Barriers to Chinese College Students Seeking Psychological Help from Professionals

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wang, Haiping

2013-01-01

Chinese students were found less likely to seek professional help for psychological problems compared to their western counterparts. The purpose of the present research was to investigate the barriers to Chinese college students seeking psychological help from professionals. Quantitative data on Asian values, social supports, self-stigma,…

16. Sri Lankan Teachers' Preferred Modes of Helping Students.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dharmadasa, Kiri H.; Gorrell, Jeffrey

Citing research indicating that U.S. teachers commonly use verbal persuasion techniques to help low achieving students, this study extends the research to Sri Lanka to explore differences in helping strategies adopted by teachers across cultures. Study participants were 237 Sri Lanka teachers who represented the majority Sinhalese population and…

17. Coaching Strategies for Helping Adolescent Athletes Cope with Stress

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gilbert, Jenelle N.; Gilbert, Wade; Morawski, Cynthia

2007-01-01

This article discusses the various sources of athlete stress and the strategies that coaches can use to help young athletes cope with it. The information is based on a study with a competitive adolescent soccer team and its two coaches, and a review of the coaching and sport psychology literature. The suggested coaching strategies can help to…

18. Helping Families Work: A 1995/1996 Factbook.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Real, Mark; And Others

This report illustrates the conditions facing young Ohioans and measures the success of local communities across Ohio in helping families work. Sections of this report are: (1) "Helping Families Work: An Introduction," which discusses how Ohio families are changing, the limits of government, measuring the success of state and local…

19. Healing Hearts: Helping Children and Adults Recover from Divorce.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hickey, Elizabeth; Dalton, Elizabeth A.

Divided into three parts, this book was written to foster healing for divorcing parents and to help divorcing couples support their children. Part one deals with interpersonal issues and individual growth. The reader is lead through the personal processes of divorce; actions parents can take to help themselves and their children adjust to the…

20. Games Children Play: How Games and Sport Help Children Develop.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Brooking-Payne, Kim

This book presents games for children, teenagers, and adults, explaining how each game can help children develop in a holistic way. It begins by discussing tips for teaching games, how to deal with children who break the rules, and what type of equipment to use. The book provides help on how to approach play within each of the different age…

1. Family Caregiving or Caregiving Alone: Who Helps the Helper?

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sims-Gould, Joanie; Martin-Matthews, Anne

2007-01-01

This study advances the understanding of family caregiving by examining the relationship between adult children caregivers and their helpers. Specifically, it focuses on examining "who helps whom" and extends analyses beyond the dyadic focus of caregiving in later life. The focus on helping and caregiving addresses the variety of…

2. My Academic Plan: Helping Students Map Their Future

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Williams, John; Mathur, Raghu; Gaston, Jim

2009-01-01

What more important problem could we solve than helping students make intelligent decisions in their course selections? The South Orange County Community College District created a new award-winning system dedicated to helping students define, refine, and implement their personal academic goals. The user-centered design is apparent in the…

3. Connecting Character to Conduct: Helping Students Do the Right Thing.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stein, Rita; Richin, Roberta; Banyon, Richard; Banyon, Francine; Stein, Marc

The decisions today's students make ripple outward to their immediate family and school community. How can teachers help students make the right decisions and do the right things? When teachers help students make the connection between character and conduct, they begin to offer students a safe environment conducive to learning. This book shows how…

4. Competence, Reticence, and Helping by Children and Adolescents.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Midlarsky, Elizabeth; Hannah, Mary Elizabeth

1985-01-01

Relation between age and helping behavior was examined in an experimental study in which children directly observed an emergency and had opportunity to intervene. A second study was then conducted, in which an emergency was staged, in order to elicit comments about factors that may inhibit helping behavior. Findings indicated a relationship…

5. Young people, social support and help-seeking.

PubMed

Barker, Gary; Olukoya, Adepeju; Aggleton, Peter

2005-01-01

This paper contributes to understanding of young people's help-seeking behaviour. A conceptual framework is proposed that seeks to integrate differing sources of influence and their implications for policy and programme development. Data was collected by means of an international literature review followed by a purposive international survey of expert informants. Findings suggest that it is important to distinguish between individual and structural determinants of young people's help-seeking behaviour. Policy and programme influences also impact upon the demand for help and the supply of social support that is available. It is important to focus on the normative needs of young people as well as specific health needs and problems. Creating trust, rethinking adult attitudes toward young people, and reducing the stigma associated with seeking help are key to promoting help-seeking behaviour. Many young people are hindered from seeking help, or are not offered help because of social exclusion, violence, poverty, prejudice (including homophobia) and gender inequalities. Future actions to promote help-seeking and enhance social support must consider these structural barriers, making special efforts to reach and work with excluded populations.

6. Helping Children Be Successful in Math: A Parent's Guide

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online Submission, 2008

2008-01-01

Family involvement in children's math education is critical to helping kids succeed. "Helping Children Be Successful in Math" explains why--and how. (Contains 5 endnotes.) [Abstract modified to meet ERIC guidelines. This document was produced by DreamBox Learning, Inc.

7. Helping Competencies of Student Affairs Professionals: A Delphi Study

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reynolds, Amy L.

2011-01-01

The purpose of this study was to gather student affairs professionals' perceptions of the knowledge and skills needed to effectively help students. Using the Delphi method, 159 entry-level and mid-level student affairs administrators from institutions across the United States were surveyed regarding their perceptions of the helping skills they use…

8. Standing Together: Universities Helping Business through the Downturn

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities UK, 2008

2008-01-01

Higher education can play a major role in helping British business to survive the economic downturn and to build for the future. Your universities and higher education colleges have a strong record in fostering innovation, enterprise and skills, and in helping to create wealth and job-generating opportunities. And they want to work with you to…

9. Conceptualizing Moon Phases: Helping Students Learn How to Learn

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kruse, Jerrid; Wilcox, Jesse

2009-01-01

Helping students understand how to learn is an important goal for all subjects and levels of education. While this goal is highly regarded, promoting it is extremely difficult. Many times, we as teachers are consumed with how to better help our students understand the content and forget to draw their attention to how they came to understand a…

10. What Counseling Psychologists Can Do to Help Returning Veterans

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Danish, Steven J.; Antonides, Bradley J.

2009-01-01

The purpose of this article is to describe the needs of service members and their families who have fought or are fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan and who have sustained psychological and/or physical injuries and how counseling psychologists can help. The focus is twofold: (a) to help the reader better understand those who have served and how what…

11. Understanding and Facilitating Self-Regulated Help Seeking

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Karabenick, Stuart A.; Dembo, Myron H.

2011-01-01

Help seeking is an important developmental skill, a form of behavioral, or social, self-regulation employed by cognitively, behaviorally, and emotionally engaged learners. Help seeking is unique among learning strategies as it may imply that learners are incapable of task completion or satisfactory performance without assistance, which can be…

12. Job Coaches Help Get Professors Back on Track

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

June, Audrey Williams

2008-01-01

In the publish-or-perish world of colleges and universities, writing is incredibly important because without published work professors do not get promoted and never earn tenure. Some are turning to outsiders called faculty coaches to help them overcome this career killer. Faculty coaches, often clinical psychologists, focus on helping professors…

13. A Little Help from My Friends: Creating Socially Supportive Schools

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sulkowski, Michael L.; Demaray, Michelle K.; Lazarus, Philip J.

2012-01-01

Students get by with a little help from their friends; students try with a little help from their friends. When their social needs are met, students tend to be better adjusted and perform more effectively in school. A strong social network serves to protect students and mitigates the effects of a variety of risk factors. Due to the rich empirical…

14. Helping Young Children Cope with Separation: A Bibliotherapeutic Approach.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bernstein, Joanne E.

Adults who wish to help children come to terms with loss from death, divorce, and other separations have a good ally in books. While not a complete cure, bibliotherapy can help children cope with loss by engaging the emotions and freeing them for conscious and productive use. Numerous books have appeared for children to read, enjoy, and use in…

15. Incidents when older homebound women tried to reach help quickly.

PubMed

Porter, Eileen J; Markham, Melinda Stafford; Ganong, Lawrence H

2013-01-01

During a longitudinal study of the experience of reaching help quickly, 34 homebound women (ages 85 to 97) who lived alone reported 106 reach-help-quickly incidents (RHQIs). The purpose of this study was to expand knowledge about RHQIs and intentions relative to them and to compare those facets of experience for subscribers to a personal emergency response system (PERS) and non-subscribers. We used a descriptive phenomenological method to analyze interview data, discerning six types of RHQIs, including finding myself down right here, realizing that I might not be alright after falling and getting up on my own, and realizing that something I cannot explain is or could be wrong with me. Intentions were focused on self-help before help seeking. The overall phenomenon was Handling a Situation When I Am Alone at Home and Probably Need Help Quickly. Practitioners should explore intentions about handling specific types of RHQIs and offer appropriate anticipatory guidance.

16. Factors Affecting Female Teachers' Attitudes toward Help-Seeking or Help-Avoidance in Coping with Behavioral Problems

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inbar-Furst, Hagit; Gumpel, Thomas P.

2015-01-01

Questionnaires were given to 392 elementary school teachers to examine help-seeking or help-avoidance in dealing with classroom behavioral problems. Scale validity was examined through a series of exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. Using a series of multivariate regression analyses and structural equation modeling, we identified…

17. First Aid: Helping Yourself, Helping Others. Student Workbook. Health Promotion for Adult Literacy Students: An Empowering Approach.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hudson River Center for Program Development, Glenmont, NY.

This workbook was developed to help adult literacy students learn about first aid in order to help themselves and others. It contains information sheets, student worksheets, and answers to the worksheets. The information sheets are coordinated with an available audiotape. Some of the topics covered in the workbook are the following: handling an…

18. Does anyone need help? Age and gender effects on children's ability to recognize need-of-help

PubMed Central

Stolarova, Margarita; Brielmann, Aenne A.

2014-01-01

The exploratory study presented here examines children's ability to recognize another person's need-of-help. This social perception process necessarily precedes the decision to actively help others. Fifty-eight children aged between 5 and 13 completed three experimental paradigms. They were asked to look at black-and-white drawings and to indicate which ones showed somebody in need of help. A control task requiring children to differentiate between pictures of humans and birds measured general categorization abilities. This experimental design enabled us to consider confounding effects of children's developmental status and motivation and to distinguish them from specific need-of-help recognition abilities. As gender and age have been shown to influence social perception as well as helping behavior, we explored whether these factors also have an impact on need-of-help recognition. Children's response accuracies and response times (RTs) were analyzed. We observed clearly higher accuracy rates for younger girls compared to younger boys specifically in the need-of-help recognition tasks. For boys, an age-related performance improvement was found. Younger girls performed at a similarly high level as older girls and boys. No gender differences were observed for children aged over nine. This report provides first evidence that the developmental trajectory of children's ability to recognize another person's need-of-help differs for girls and boys. PMID:24578698

19. So, You Love Animals: An Action-Packed, Fun-Filled Book To Help Kids Help Animals.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Weil, Zoe

This humane education activity book is written for children with the goal of helping them learn to respect animals and the environment. Not only does the guide provide information, introduce new ideas, and encourage critical thinking, it also lets young people know that they can help save animals and the environment. Children are invited to join…

20. Effects of a Peer Helping Training Program on Helping Skills and Self-Growth of Peer Helpers

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aladag, Mine; Tezer, Esin

2009-01-01

The purpose of this study was to develop a peer helping training program for university students in Turkey and to examine its effectiveness in improving the helping skills and self-growth of peer helpers. A pre-test, post-test, follow-up-test experimental design, involving a treatment and control group, was carried out with a total sample of 31…

1. Prototype and Evaluation of AutoHelp: A Case-based, Web-accessible Help Desk System for EOSDIS

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mitchell, Christine M.; Thurman, David A.

1999-01-01

AutoHelp is a case-based, Web-accessible help desk for users of the EOSDIS. Its uses a combination of advanced computer and Web technologies, knowledge-based systems tools, and cognitive engineering to offload the current, person-intensive, help desk facilities at the DAACs. As a case-based system, AutoHelp starts with an organized database of previous help requests (questions and answers) indexed by a hierarchical category structure that facilitates recognition by persons seeking assistance. As an initial proof-of-concept demonstration, a month of email help requests to the Goddard DAAC were analyzed and partially organized into help request cases. These cases were then categorized to create a preliminary case indexing system, or category structure. This category structure allows potential users to identify or recognize categories of questions, responses, and sample cases similar to their needs. Year one of this research project focused on the development of a technology demonstration. User assistance 'cases' are stored in an Oracle database in a combination of tables linking prototypical questions with responses and detailed examples from the email help requests analyzed to date. When a potential user accesses the AutoHelp system, a Web server provides a Java applet that displays the category structure of the help case base organized by the needs of previous users. When the user identifies or requests a particular type of assistance, the applet uses Java database connectivity (JDBC) software to access the database and extract the relevant cases. The demonstration will include an on-line presentation of how AutoHelp is currently structured. We will show how a user might request assistance via the Web interface and how the AutoHelp case base provides assistance. The presentation will describe the DAAC data collection, case definition, and organization to date, as well as the AutoHelp architecture. It will conclude with the year 2 proposal to more fully develop the

2. [Men and depression: gender-related help-seeking behavior].

PubMed

Möller-Leimkühler, A M

2000-11-01

As epidemiological data concerning gender-related help-seeking behaviour indicate, consultation rate and help-seeking by men is consistently lower, especially in the case of emotional problems and depressive symptoms. There is empirical evidence that the poor treatment rate of men cannot be explained by a better health but must be attributed to a discrepancy of need and help-seeking behaviour. Social change and epidemiological trends in depression point to the male gender-role being an important factor of increasing rates among young men as well as an important determinant of help-seeking behaviour. It is argued that social norms of traditional masculinity make help-seeking more difficult because of the inhibition of expressiveness affecting symptom perception and symptomatology of depression. Besides these predisposing factors of male help-seeking other medical and social factors are mentioned producing further barriers to help-seeking. Further research is needed to investigate the question whether changing masculinity implies gender-role conflict or positive health effects.

3. Who Seeks Help Online for Self-Injury?

PubMed

Frost, Mareka; Casey, Leanne

2016-01-01

The objective of this study was to identify differences between young people who seek help online for self-injury and those who self-injure but do not seek help online, in order to improve online services for young people at high risk of suicide. Young people reporting a history of self-injury (N = 679) were identified as part of larger study (N = 1,463) exploring help-seeking. One third of young people with a history of self-injury reported online help-seeking for self-injury. Online help-seekers were significantly more distressed, suicidal, and had a greater degree of self-injury compared to those who did not seek help online. The Internet provides an important form of support to the most at risk young people in this population, and may be a proximal step to face-to-face help-seeking. Further research is required to investigate the forms of support currently accessed by young people online, and their effectiveness.

4. Gendered Manifestations of Depression and Help Seeking Among Men.

PubMed

Call, Jarrod B; Shafer, Kevin

2015-12-31

Men who do not seek help for mental health problems may experience unnecessary suffering which ultimately affects the well-being of themselves and others. Gendered manifestations of depressive symptoms may play an important role in why some men do not seek help for mental health issues. Using data from 2,382 male respondents in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication, the authors examined the relationship that both traditional and male-typical symptoms of depression had on the help-seeking behaviors of men. Traditional symptoms increased the odds of seeking help for depression for all men. Male-typical symptoms, however, did not increase the odds of seeking help for depression or another mental health concern. Both traditional and male-typical symptoms increased the odds of initially seeking help from a medical provider, and men with male-typical symptoms had an overall higher likelihood of seeking help from a medical provider. Consequently, it is important that medical professionals assess for depression even when it is not a presenting concern.

5. Suicidal Feelings Interferes with Help-Seeking in Bullied Adolescents

PubMed Central

Togo, Fumiharu; Okazaki, Yuji; Nishida, Atsushi; Sasaki, Tsukasa

2014-01-01

Purpose Being bullied is associated with the manifestation of suicidal feelings, which sharply increase in middle(-late) adolescence. Whether or not bullied middle(-late) adolescents with suicidal feelings seek help is therefore a critical issue, given that help-seeking plays a key role in the prevention of suicide. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effects of bullying, suicidal feelings and the interaction between these two factors on help-seeking behavior in adolescents. Methods Japanese middle(-late) adolescents (aged 15–18 years; n = 9484) were studied using self-report questionnaires. The rate of adolescents who actually sought help was examined for bullying status and suicidal feelings. Results The rate of adolescents who sought help was significantly higher when they were bullied (p<0.001) and also when they had mild suicidal feelings (p<0.001), but not when they displayed serious suicidal feelings. In the case of adolescents who were bullied, however, having suicidal feelings significantly decreased the rate of help-seeking (OR = 0.47, p<0.05 and OR = 0.32, p = 0.002 for having mild and serious suicidal feelings, respectively). The decrease was remarkable when suicidal feelings were serious. Specifically, the decrease was significant in seeking help from peers and family members, who are the most frequent source of the help for adolescents, when they had serious suicidal feelings (OR = 0.21, p<0.01 and OR = 0.13, p<0.001, respectively). Conclusions Suicidal feelings may interfere with help-seeking behavior, which could be critical in suicide prevention in bullied middle(-late) adolescents. PMID:25188324

6. Life or Death Decisions: Framing the Call for Help

PubMed Central

Chou, Eileen Y.; Murnighan, J. Keith

2013-01-01

Background Chronic blood shortages in the U.S. would be alleviated by small increases, in percentage terms, of people donating blood. The current research investigated the effects of subtle changes in charity-seeking messages on the likelihood of people responses to a call for help. We predicted that “avoid losses” messages would lead to more helping behavior than “promote gains” messages would. Method Two studies investigated the effects of message framing on helping intentions and behaviors. With the help and collaboration of the Red Cross, Study 1, a field experiment, directly assessed the effectiveness of a call for blood donations that was presented as either death-preventing (losses) or life-saving (gains), and as being of either more or less urgent need. With the help and collaboration of a local charity, Study 2, a lab experiment, assessed the effects of the gain-versus-loss framing of a donation-soliciting flyer on individuals’ expectations of others’ monetary donations as well their own volunteering behavior. Study 2 also assessed the effects of three emotional motivators - feelings of empathy, positive affect, and relational closeness. Result Study 1 indicated that, on a college campus, describing blood donations as a way to “prevent a death” rather than “save a life” boosted the donation rate. Study 2 showed that framing a charity’s appeals as helping people to avoid a loss led to larger expected donations, increased intentions to volunteer, and more helping behavior, independent of other emotional motivators. Conclusion This research identifies and demonstrates a reliable and effective method for increasing important helping behaviors by providing charities with concrete ideas that can effectively increase helping behavior generally and potentially death-preventing behavior in particular. PMID:23483903

7. Religious doubt, helping others, and psychological well-being.

PubMed

Krause, Neal

2015-04-01

A growing body of research reveals that religious doubt may have a deleterious effect on well-being. However, relatively less is known about how people try to cope with doubt. The purpose of this study is to see whether providing tangible help to others offsets the effects of religious doubt on well-being. Findings from a nationwide survey of middle-aged and older adults indicate that helping strangers reduces the negative relationship between religious doubt and three indicators of well-being: self-esteem, life satisfaction, and optimism. But in contrast, similar dissonance reduction benefits were not provided by helping family members and friends.

8. Interspecific assistance: fiddler crabs help heterospecific neighbours in territory defence.

PubMed

Booksmythe, Isobel; Jennions, Michael D; Backwell, Patricia R Y

2010-12-23

Theory predicts that territory owners will help established neighbours to repel intruders, when doing so is less costly than renegotiating boundaries with successful usurpers of neighbouring territories. Here, we show for the first time, to our knowledge, cooperative territory defence between heterospecific male neighbours in the fiddler crabs Uca elegans and Uca mjoebergi. We show experimentally that resident U. elegans were equally likely to help a smaller U. mjoebergi or U. elegans neighbour during simulated intrusions by intermediate sized U. elegans males (50% of cases for both). Helping was, however, significantly less likely to occur when the intruder was a U. mjoebergi male (only 15% of cases).

9. Group anxiety management: effectiveness, perceived helpfulness and follow-up.

PubMed

Cadbury, S; Childs-Clark, A; Sandhu, S

1990-05-01

An evaluation was conducted on out-patient cognitive-behavioural anxiety management groups. Twenty-nine clients assessed before and after the group and at three-month follow-up showed significant improvement on self-report measures. A further follow-up on 21 clients, conducted by an independent assessor at an average of 11 months, showed greater improvement with time. Clients also rated how helpful they had found non-specific therapeutic factors, and specific anxiety management techniques. 'Universality' was the most helpful non-specific factor, and 'the explanation of anxiety' was the most helpful technique.

10. Market forces influence helping behaviour in cooperatively breeding paper wasps

PubMed Central

Grinsted, Lena; Field, Jeremy

2017-01-01

Biological market theory is potentially useful for understanding helping behaviour in animal societies. It predicts that competition for trading partners will affect the value of commodities exchanged. It has gained empirical support in cooperative breeders, where subordinates help dominant breeders in exchange for group membership, but so far without considering one crucial aspect: outside options. We find support for a biological market in paper wasps, Polistes dominula. We first show that females have a choice of cooperative partners. Second, by manipulating entire subpopulations in the field, we increase the supply of outside options for subordinates, freeing up suitable nesting spots and providing additional nesting partners. We predicted that by intensifying competition for help, our manipulation would force dominants to accept a lower price for group membership. As expected, subordinates reduce their foraging effort following our treatments. We conclude that to accurately predict the amount of help provided, social units cannot be viewed in isolation: the surrounding market must also be considered. PMID:28117836

11. Mary Tyler Moore Helps Launch NIH MedlinePlus Magazine

MedlinePlus

... Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Mary Tyler Moore Helps Launch NIH MedlinePlus Magazine Past Issues / Winter ... Zerhouni, Rep. Ralph Regula (R-OH), Mary Tyler Moore, former Rep. Paul Rogers, and NLM Director Dr. ...

12. Quitting Smoking - Help for Cravings and Tough Situations

MedlinePlus

... your time. If you’d prefer being a guest this year, maybe you can make a special ... at parties. Playing bartender, serving snacks, and meeting guests will help keep your mind off smoking. If ...

13. After Stroke, 'Blue' Light May Help Beat the Blues

MedlinePlus

... Light May Help Beat the Blues Akin to sunlight, it could ward off depression during rehab, study ... facility used "blue" light in its lighting system. Sunlight is humans' largest source of blue-spectrum light, ...

14. You Can Help Keep the Air Cleaner -- Every Day

MedlinePlus

Local Air Quality Conditions Zip Code: State : My Current Location You Can Help Keep the Air Cleaner -- Every Day! Air ... or try to delay using them when poor air quality is forecast. Pesticides Days when particle pollution is ...

15. How Does Physical Activity Help Build Healthy Bones?

MedlinePlus

... Information Clinical Trials Resources and Publications How does physical activity help build healthy bones? Skip sharing on social ... Page Content ​​Bones are living tissue. Weight-bearing physical activity causes new bone tissue to form, and this ...

16. Early Brain Stimulation May Help Stroke Survivors Recover Language Function

MedlinePlus

... Making News on Heart.org Learn More Early brain stimulation may help stroke survivors recover language function ... org and strokeassociation.org Related Images Infographic - Thiel-Brain Stimulation copyright American Heart Association Download (311.8 ...

17. What Works Best to Help Overweight Folks Eat Healthier?

MedlinePlus

... fullstory_163807.html What Works Best to Help Overweight Folks Eat Healthier? Researchers still don't know ... 2017 MONDAY, Feb. 27, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Getting overweight adults to adopt new heart-healthy eating habits ...

18. Helping Children/ Youth with RSD/ CRPS Succeed in School

MedlinePlus

... strength, endurance, and range of motion. Mind-body techniques, such as relaxation, biofeedback, and self-hypnosis, are helpful for pain management and can alleviate the fear of movement often ...

19. Speak Up: Help Avoid Mistakes in Your Surgery

MedlinePlus

... other medical facilities that are accredited by The Joint Commission must follow a procedure that helps surgeons avoid these mistakes. (Facilities that are accredited by The Joint Commission are listed on The Joint Commission’s Quality Check ...

20. STS-9 commander John Young gets help adjusting headwear

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

1983-01-01

Preparing for a training session is Astronaut John Young, commander of STS-9 Young gets help with his Snoopy cap or headwear housing communications gear, while one of his five fellow crewmembers, Dr. Ulf Merbold, looks on in the background.

1. Helping a loved one with a drinking problem

MedlinePlus

... nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23698791 . National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence. Helping a family member or ... friend . Accessed October 27, 2016. National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence. Intervention -- tips and guidelines. Updated ...

2. Gene Therapy Helps 2 Babies Fight Type of Leukemia

MedlinePlus

... gov/news/fullstory_163244.html Gene Therapy Helps 2 Babies Fight Type of Leukemia Tweaking T-cells ... 25, 2017 WEDNESDAY, Jan. 25, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Two infants with an advanced form of leukemia are ...

3. Help Stop the Flu | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine

MedlinePlus

... of this page please turn Javascript on. Feature: Flu Shot Help Stop the Flu Past Issues / Winter 2011 Table of Contents The ... vaccinated (for everyone six months or older). Find Flu Clinics Near You At www.flu.gov Use ...

4. Preventing the Flu: Good Health Habits Can Help Stop Germs

MedlinePlus

... Video Medscape Podcasts Public Service Announcements (PSAs) Toolkits Influenza Types Seasonal Avian Swine/Variant Pandemic Other Get ... What's this? Submit Button Past Newsletters Preventing the Flu: Good Health Habits Can Help Stop Germs Language: ...

5. Lobster on the Sidewalk: Understanding and Helping Children with Fears.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rubin, Roberta I.; And Others

1979-01-01

Discusses the cognitive processes and emotional needs that influence developmental changes related to fears and suggests some techniques which adults may use to help children cope with their fears. (Author/MP)

6. Helping Children of Alcoholic Parents: An Elementary School Program.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Davis, Ruth B.; And Others

1985-01-01

Describes a program in the Somerville, Massachusetts, elementary schools, designed to help children cope with the emotional distress of family alcoholism and to prevent them from abusing alcohol in adolescence or adulthood. Program structure and results are discussed. (JAC)

7. Study Tips: How Helpful Do Introductory Psychology Students Find Them?

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Balch, William R.

2001-01-01

Discusses a systematic approach to six study tips recommended to introductory psychology students to improve their study skills. Presents the results of student ratings (n=114) based upon the tips for helpfulness and degree of use. Includes references. (CMK)

8. Iowa State Offers to Help JC Journalism Programs

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Crook, James

1972-01-01

The Department of Journalism and Mass Communication at Iowa State University assists junior college publications programs throughout the state by offering annual workshops, helping in program design, and publishing a Transfer Tip Sheet.'' (RN)

9. Parent Guidelines for Helping Children After an Earthquake

MedlinePlus

Parent Guidelines for Helping Children after an Earthquake Being in an earthquake is very frightening, and the days, weeks, and months following are very stressful. Your children and family will recover ...

10. Training end-users: An on-line help package

SciTech Connect

Waite, M.

1992-03-01

No matter how wonderful your INGRES application, if the end users don`t know how to use the application it will not be utilized. This paper discusses an on-line help package implemented in our manufacturing database application in order to help our user community use the application. The Materials Fabrication Division (MFD) of Mechanical Engineering is a series of machining shops that do production jobs for the Laboratory. The Fabrication Control System (FCS) is the user interface to an INGRES database. FCS tracks jobs as they traverse the machine shops and FCS maintains the employee payroll. This interface consists of VIFRED forms, menus and EQUEL Fortran code. The on-line help package is an interactive system that responds to the users ``single key stroke`` request for information. The information retrieved is based upon which help key is used and the form or menu from which the request is generated.

11. How Potassium Can Help Control High Blood Pressure

MedlinePlus

... More How Potassium Can Help Control High Blood Pressure Updated:Dec 13,2016 Understanding the heart-healthy ... content was last reviewed October 2016. High Blood Pressure • Home • Get the Facts About HBP • Know Your ...

12. Exercise Beats Weight Loss At Helping Seniors' Hearts

MedlinePlus

... 163858.html Exercise Beats Weight Loss at Helping Seniors' Hearts Both are healthy goals, but getting active ... 1, 2017 WEDNESDAY, March 1, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Seniors who want to give their hearts a healthy ...

13. Sinus Pain: Can Over-the-Counter Medications Help?

MedlinePlus

... Near You Sinus Pain: Can Over-the-Counter Medications Help? Sinus Pain: Can Over-the-Counter Medications ... OTC) medications. What Is The Role Of OTC Medication For Sinus Pain? There are many different OTC ...

14. Even a Little Exercise Can Help with Arthritis, Study Says

MedlinePlus

... gov/news/fullstory_163340.html Even a Little Exercise Can Help With Arthritis, Study Says Just 45 ... and Human Services. More Health News on: Arthritis Exercise and Physical Fitness Recent Health News Related MedlinePlus ...

15. Exercise a Great Prescription to Help Older Hearts

MedlinePlus

... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_164253.html Exercise a Great Prescription to Help Older Hearts Not ... 2017 THURSDAY, March 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Regular exercise is potent medicine for older adults with heart ...

16. Drug Might Help Some Babies with Rare, Fatal Disease

MedlinePlus

... Might Help Some Babies With Rare, Fatal Disease Spinal muscular atrophy is typically lethal within 2 years, but new ... promise, researchers report. There is no treatment for spinal muscular atrophy type 1 (SMA-1), a degenerative neuromuscular disease ...

17. Quit Smoking: 3 Tools to Help You Quit

MedlinePlus

... version of this page please turn Javascript on. Feature: Quit Smoking 3 Tools to Help You Quit ... email Surfing the Internet Watching TV Driving my car Being a passenger After eating After having sex ...

18. How You Can Help Your Child Avoid & Address Bullying

MedlinePlus

... How You Can Help Your Child Avoid & Address Bullying Page Content Article Body Whether on the school ... other ways. Getting that response usually makes the bullying behavior continue. Your child should try to keep ...

19. Hospital-Related Delirium May Help Worsen Dementia

MedlinePlus

... medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_163123.html Hospital-Related Delirium May Help Worsen Dementia But disorienting condition can ... WEDNESDAY, Jan. 18, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Hospitalization-related delirium may speed mental decline in patients with dementia, ...

20. NLM Grantee's "HealthMap" Helps Uncover Measles Vaccination Gap

MedlinePlus

... of NLM NLM Grantee's "HealthMap" Helps Uncover Measles Vaccination Gap Inadequate vaccine coverage is likely a driving ... stop this and future measles outbreaks is through vaccination." The research indicates that vaccine coverage among the ...

1. Ebola Blood Test May Help Predict Survival Chances

MedlinePlus

... at the University of Liverpool. Another author, Miles Carroll, added, "This study helps us to further our ... of the human response to Ebola virus infection." Carroll, director of research at Public Health England, said, " ...

2. Books to Help Kids Deal with Difficult Times, I.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Klein, Norma

1987-01-01

An author of books for young adults discusses the need for realism in adolescent literature as a means of helping teenagers to cope with real problems and describes her most recent book, which deals with euthanasia. (CLB)

3. Re-seeding research will help in cheatgrass battle

USGS Publications Warehouse

Allen, Craig D.

2006-01-01

Funding from the National Interagency Fire Center’s Joint Fire Science Program is helping researchers in northwestern Arizona determine whether several native grasses can be used to battle invasive cheatgrass following fire in ponderosa pine ecosystems.

4. Stem Cell Transplants May Help Some with Multiple Sclerosis

MedlinePlus

... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_163677.html Stem Cell Transplants May Help Some With Multiple Sclerosis Review ... 20, 2017 MONDAY, Feb. 20, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Stem cell transplants may halt the progression of aggressive multiple ...

5. The Right Balance: Helping Cancer Survivors Achieve a Healthy Weight

Cancer.gov

An article about interventions that aim to help survivors maintain a healthy weight to reduce the risk of cancer recurrence and death and decrease the likelihood of chronic and late effects of cancer treatment.

6. How to Help a Loved One Cope with Diabetes

MedlinePlus

... How to Help a Loved One Cope with Diabetes Page Content When people have the support of ... from the Health Information Resource Center. Learn about diabetes. There is a lot to learn about how ...

7. Perceptions of help resources for victims of intimate partner violence.

PubMed

Krugman, Scott D; Witting, Michael D; Furuno, Jon P; Hirshon, Jon Mark; Limcangco, Rhona; Périssé, André R S; Rasch, Elizabeth K

2004-07-01

Intimate partner violence (IPV) constitutes a major public health problem in the United States. This cross-sectional survey of 108 emergency department (ED) care providers and 146 ED visitors at three metropolitan EDs compared the beliefs of ED health care providers with those of community members about the relative benefits of the helpfulness of resources for IPV victims using hypothetical case scenarios. Although providers generally indicated that help resources were helpful in all scenarios, visitors were more discriminating, showing less support for resources in the lower-risk scenario. Regarding differences between groups, visitors selected police and attorneys more frequently than providers as a helpful resource, whereas providers selected shelters and counselors more frequently than visitors. Adjustment for previous experience with IPV did not change these results. Understanding the differences between health care providers' and community members' perceptions of resources for victims of IPV may improve the effectiveness of referral to IPV resources.

8. "Depression Can Disguise Itself…" —But There Is Help

MedlinePlus

... of this page please turn Javascript on. Feature: Depression "Depression Can Disguise Itself…" —But There Is Help Past ... 20 million Americans. What are the signs of depression? Sadness or inability to enjoy things are hallmarks ...

9. 10 Ways to Help Your Child Succeed in Middle School

MedlinePlus

... on school nights. previous continue 5. Instill Organization Skills No one is born with great organizational skills — ... class notes put clothes away 6. Teach Study Skills Planning is a big part of helping your ...

10. Helping a Loved One (Who Has Vision Loss)

MedlinePlus

... Home > Low Vision > Helping a Loved One Healthy Vision Diabetes Diabetes Home How Much Do You Know? What You Should Know Protecting Against Vision Loss Staying on TRACK Diabetic Eye Disease FAQ ...

11. Got Anxiety? Get Help: Tips for College Students

MedlinePlus

... with every year. • almost seven percent of college students report having symptoms. • can occur at any age ... a self-help group where she met other students with panic disorder. Eventually she learned to control ...

12. 10 Ways to Help Your Child Succeed in Middle School

MedlinePlus

... day. previous continue 7. Know the Disciplinary and Bullying Policies Schools usually cite disciplinary policies (sometimes called ... weapons. Many schools also have specific policies about bullying . It's helpful to know the school's definition of ...

13. 10 Ways to Help Your Teen Succeed in High School

MedlinePlus

... day. previous continue 7. Know the Disciplinary and Bullying Policies All schools have rules and consequences for ... weapons. Many schools also have specific policies about bullying . It's helpful to know the school's definition of ...

14. EPA Grant Helps Protect and Restore Louisiana Coast

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

DALLAS - (Aug. 6, 2015) The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency recently awarded \$362,213 to the Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority of Louisiana to help design a project implemented under the Coastal Wetlands Planning, Protection and Rest

15. Some Common Problems of New Students and Sources of Help.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mucowski, Richard J.

1984-01-01

Outlines six sources of stress for college freshmen, including poor preparation, social distractions, family crisis, financial stress, confused career direction, and situational experiences such as health problems. Suggested sources of help are discussed. (JAC)

16. Helping a Smoker Quit: Do's and Don'ts

MedlinePlus

... Tobacco Helping a Smoker Quit: Do’s and Don’ts General hints for friends and family Do respect ... way. Quitting smoking is a BIG DEAL! Don’t doubt the smoker’s ability to quit. Your faith ...

17. Relatedness and helping in fish: examining the theoretical predictions

PubMed Central

Stiver, Kelly A; Dierkes, Petra; Taborsky, Michael; Lisle Gibbs, H; Balshine, Sigal

2005-01-01

Many studies have attempted to explain the evolution of cooperation, yet little attention has been paid to what factors control the amount or kind of cooperation performed. Kin selection theory suggests that more cooperation, or help, should be given by relatives. However, recent theory suggests that under specific ecological and demographic conditions, unrelated individuals must ‘pay to stay’ in the group and therefore may help more. We tested these contrasting predictions using the cooperatively breeding fish, Neolamprologus pulcher, and found that the degree of work effort by helpers depended on which helping behaviours were considered and on their level of relatedness to the breeding male or female. In the field, helpers unrelated to the breeding male performed more territory defence, while helpers unrelated to the breeding female contributed less to territory defence. In the laboratory, unrelated group members helped more. Our work demonstrates that a number of factors in addition to kinship shape cooperative investment patterns. PMID:16048775

18. Staff Expectations for Disabled Persons: Helpful and Harmful

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kerr, Nancy

1970-01-01

The social psychological environment of hospitals or rehabilitation centers is described and suggestions are offered for research that would help to increase the understanding of the staff toward the patient. (Author)

19. Helping the Library Reach Out to the Future

MedlinePlus

... Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Helping the Library Reach Out to the Future Past Issues / Fall ... On behalf of the Friends of the National Library of Medicine (FNLM), welcome to the Fall 2007 ...

20. Praise and Challenge Help Keep Principals at Their Peak.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gmelch, Walt; Sharratt, Gene

1990-01-01

Superintendents have a vested interest in helping principals regain their professional enthusiasm. Some effective strategies include boosting financial support (for workshops, journal subscriptions, or cash prizes for schools), recognizing contributions, providing professional support, and offering new responsibilities and challenges. (MLH)

1. EPA Provides Training to Help Communities Prepare for Climate Change

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

WASHINGTON - As part of President Obama's Climate Action Plan, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) today released an online training module to help local government officials take actions to increase their communities' resiliency to a chan

2. Do microfinance programs help families insure consumption against illness?

PubMed

Gertler, Paul; Levine, David I; Moretti, Enrico

2009-03-01

Families in developing countries face enormous financial risks from major illness both in terms of the cost of medical care and the loss in income associated with reduced labor supply and productivity. We test whether access to microfinancial savings and lending institutions helps Indonesian families smooth consumption after declines in adult health. In general, results support the importance of these institutions in helping families to self-insure consumption against health shocks.

3. Expert systems help design cementing and acidizing jobs

SciTech Connect

Onan, D.D.; Kulakofsky, D.; Van Domelen, M.S.; Ford, W.G.F. )

1993-04-19

Knowledge-based expert information systems can help train less-experienced designers and orient seasoned designers at new locations. These systems are playing an increased role in completion and production operations. Expert systems help: design treatments based on an accumulation of knowledge from experts; provide technical information and guidelines on the proper use of additives; and serve as a training tool for less-experienced personnel. The paper describes expert systems design; practical applications; and details about a cement job and acidizing.

4. Military, Family, and Community Networks Helping with Reintegration

DTIC Science & Technology

2010-09-01

Limitations Ideally we would want to show that this type of network model can actually help troops, Veterans and their families reintegrate more smoothly...08-2-0655 TITLE: Military, Family, and Community Networks Helping with Reintegration PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Dr. Laurie Slone... Reintegration Dartmouth College Hanover, NH 03755 Dr. Laurie Slone A community based network to assist with the reintegration of service members and their

5. Young children help others to achieve their social goals.

PubMed

Beier, Jonathan S; Over, Harriet; Carpenter, Malinda

2014-03-01

From early in development, humans have strong prosocial tendencies. Much research has documented young children's propensity to help others achieve their unfulfilled goals toward physical objects. Yet many of our most common and important goals are social--directed toward other people. Here we demonstrate that children are also inclined, and able, to help others achieve their social goals. Three-year-old children observed an experimenter trying unsuccessfully to get the attention of another individual and then helped by directing the 2nd individual's attention back to the experimenter. A control condition ensured that children's responses were not motivated by a general desire to inform the 2nd individual about interesting events. A 2nd experiment showed that children distinguish between fulfilled and frustrated versions of this social goal and help appropriately on the basis of this distinction. Young children are therefore willing to intervene in a 3rd-party interaction to help it along. This result expands the range of situations in which young children are known to spontaneously help others into the social domain, thereby underscoring the pervasiveness of their prosocial motivations and identifying a critical area for further research.

6. Role of Self-help Group in Substance Addiction Recovery

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Das, Prangya Paramita Priyadarshini

2012-11-01

Background: The Narcotics Anonymous (NA)/Alcoholic Anonymous(AA) is based on the philosophy of self-help, where the former addicts and recovering addicts share experiences, provide emotional support and do active monitoring through mentoring. In mentoring, a former addict with longer duration of drug-free life acts as a guide to the newly recovering addict. Objective: The objective was to study the effect of involvement in self help group upon addictís level of depression, functional social support, and anxiety. Method: The size of the sample was 60. 30 addicts were taken from rehabilitation centre and 30 were taken from self-help groups. ANOVA was used to analyze the result. Result: In all the criteria it was found that there exists a significant impact of Self-help group. Conclusion: Self-help group provide clients with a social network of individuals with similar problems and experiences, since most of these individuals may be isolated from society due to the social stigma attached to their addictions. The transition from being help recipients to being helpers enables recovering addicts to build their self-confidence and feelings of being wanted and desired in society, which facilitates their self-confidence and positive self-esteem.

7. Whom to Ask for Professional Help in Case of Major Depression? Help-Seeking Recommendations of the Sardinian Public.

PubMed

Moro, Maria Francesca; Angermeyer, Matthias C; Matschinger, Herbert; Holzinger, Anita; Piras, Anna Paola; Cutrano, Francesca; Mura, Gioia; Carta, Mauro Giovanni

2015-11-01

Purpose of the study is to investigate help-seeking preferences of the Sardinian public in case of depression. A telephone survey was conducted among the adult population, using quota sampling (N = 1,200). Respondents were presented with a vignette depicting a person with symptoms of major depressive disorder, followed by a fully structured interview. Psychologists were most frequently selected as source of professional help, followed by psychiatrists and G.P.s. Residents of small towns more frequently recommended mental health professionals than city residents. Public help-seeking preferences reflect the availability of services, beliefs about the appropriate treatment of depression and attitudes towards those providing it.

8. The Role of Compassion in Altruistic Helping and Punishment Behavior.

PubMed

Weng, Helen Y; Fox, Andrew S; Hessenthaler, Heather C; Stodola, Diane E; Davidson, Richard J

2015-01-01

Compassion, the emotional response of caring for another who is suffering and that results in motivation to relieve suffering, is thought to be an emotional antecedent to altruistic behavior. However, it remains unclear whether compassion enhances altruistic behavior in a uniform way or is specific to sub-types of behavior such as altruistic helping of a victim or altruistic punishment of a transgressor. We investigated the relationship between compassion and subtypes of altruistic behavior using third-party paradigms where participants (1) witnessed an unfair economic exchange between a transgressor and a victim, and (2) had the opportunity to either spend personal funds to either economically (a) help the victim or (b) punish the transgressor. In Study 1, we examined whether individual differences in self-reported empathic concern (the emotional component of compassion) was associated with greater altruistic helping or punishment behavior in two independent samples. For participants who witnessed an unfair transaction, trait empathic concern was associated with greater helping of a victim and had no relationship to punishment. However, in those who decided to punish the transgressor, participants who reported greater empathic concern decided to punish less. In Study 2, we directly enhanced compassion using short-term online compassion meditation training to examine whether altruistic helping and punishment were increased after two weeks of training. Compared to an active reappraisal training control group, the compassion training group gave more to help the victim and did not differ in punishment of the transgressor. Together, these two studies suggest that compassion is related to greater altruistic helping of victims and is not associated with or may mitigate altruistic punishment of transgressors.

9. The Role of Compassion in Altruistic Helping and Punishment Behavior

PubMed Central

Weng, Helen Y.; Fox, Andrew S.; Hessenthaler, Heather C.; Stodola, Diane E.; Davidson, Richard J.

2015-01-01

Compassion, the emotional response of caring for another who is suffering and that results in motivation to relieve suffering, is thought to be an emotional antecedent to altruistic behavior. However, it remains unclear whether compassion enhances altruistic behavior in a uniform way or is specific to sub-types of behavior such as altruistic helping of a victim or altruistic punishment of a transgressor. We investigated the relationship between compassion and subtypes of altruistic behavior using third-party paradigms where participants 1) witnessed an unfair economic exchange between a transgressor and a victim, and 2) had the opportunity to either spend personal funds to either economically a) help the victim or b) punish the transgressor. In Study 1, we examined whether individual differences in self-reported empathic concern (the emotional component of compassion) was associated with greater altruistic helping or punishment behavior in two independent samples. For participants who witnessed an unfair transaction, trait empathic concern was associated with greater helping of a victim and had no relationship to punishment. However, in those who decided to punish the transgressor, participants who reported greater empathic concern decided to punish less. In Study 2, we directly enhanced compassion using short-term online compassion meditation training to examine whether altruistic helping and punishment were increased after two weeks of training. Compared to an active reappraisal training control group, the compassion training group gave more to help the victim and did not differ in punishment of the transgressor. Together, these two studies suggest that compassion is related to greater altruistic helping of victims and is not associated with or may mitigate altruistic punishment of transgressors. PMID:26655837

10. Help to perpetuate traditional gender roles: Benevolent sexism increases engagement in dependency-oriented cross-gender helping.

PubMed

Shnabel, Nurit; Bar-Anan, Yoav; Kende, Anna; Bareket, Orly; Lazar, Yael

2016-01-01

Based on theorizing that helping relations may serve as a subtle mechanism to reinforce intergroup inequality, the present research (N = 1,315) examined the relation between benevolent sexism (i.e., a chivalrous yet subtly oppressive view of women) and helping. In cross-gender interactions, the endorsement of (Studies 1, 3, and 4) or exposure to (Study 2) benevolent sexism predicted (a) men's preference to provide women with dependency-oriented help (i.e., direct assistance) rather than tools for autonomous coping, and (b) women's preference to seek dependency-oriented help rather than tools for autonomous coping. Benevolent sexism did not predict men's and women's engagement in dependency-oriented helping relations in same-gender interactions. Studies 1 and 2 examined behavioral intentions in response to a series of hypothetical scenarios; Studies 3 and 4 examined actual behavior in tests of mathematical and logical ability, and pointed to assumed partner's expectations as a potential mediator. The converging evidence supports the hypothesis that benevolent sexism encourages engagement in cross-gender helping relations that perpetuate traditional gender roles.

11. Reference manual for the Thermal Analyst's Help Desk Expert System

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ormsby, Rachel A.

1994-07-01

This document provides technical information and programming guidance for the maintenance and future development of the Thermal Analyst's Help Desk. Help Desk is an expert system that operates within the EXSYSTM expert system shell, and is used to determine first approximations of thermal capacity for spacecraft and instruments. The five analyses supported in Help Desk are: (1) surface area required for a radiating surface, (2) equilibrium temperature of a surface, (3) enclosure temperature and heat loads for a defined position in orbit, (4) enclosure temperature and heat loads over a complete orbit and, (5) selection of appropriate surface properties. The two geometries supported by Help Desk are a single flat plate and a rectangular box enclosure. The technical information includes the mathematical approach and analytical derivations used in the analyses such as: radiation heat balance, view factor calculation, and orbit determination with coordinate transformation. The programming guide for developers describes techniques for enhancement of Help Desk. Examples are provided showing the addition of new features, user interface development and enhancement, and external program interfaces.

12. Reference manual for the Thermal Analyst's Help Desk Expert System

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Ormsby, Rachel A.

1994-01-01

This document provides technical information and programming guidance for the maintenance and future development of the Thermal Analyst's Help Desk. Help Desk is an expert system that operates within the EXSYSTM expert system shell, and is used to determine first approximations of thermal capacity for spacecraft and instruments. The five analyses supported in Help Desk are: (1) surface area required for a radiating surface, (2) equilibrium temperature of a surface, (3) enclosure temperature and heat loads for a defined position in orbit, (4) enclosure temperature and heat loads over a complete orbit and, (5) selection of appropriate surface properties. The two geometries supported by Help Desk are a single flat plate and a rectangular box enclosure. The technical information includes the mathematical approach and analytical derivations used in the analyses such as: radiation heat balance, view factor calculation, and orbit determination with coordinate transformation. The programming guide for developers describes techniques for enhancement of Help Desk. Examples are provided showing the addition of new features, user interface development and enhancement, and external program interfaces.

13. Trust, power, and vulnerability: a discourse on helping in nursing.

PubMed

Carter, Michele A

2009-12-01

This article uses philosophical inquiry to present the relationship between the helping role in nursing and the concept of trust essential to it. It characterizes helping as the moral center of the nurse-patient relationship and discusses how patients' expectations of help and caring create obligations of trustworthiness on the part of the nurse. It uses literature from various disciplines to examine different theoretical accounts of trust, each presenting important features of trust relationships that apply to health care professionals, patients, and families. Exploring the concept of trust, and the key leverage points that elicit it, develops a thesis that nurses can improve their understanding of the principal attributes and the conditions that foster or impede trust. The article concludes that trust is the core moral ingredient of helping relationships. Trust as a moral value is even more basic than duties of beneficence, respect, veracity, and autonomy. Trust is the confident expectation that others can be relied upon to act with good will and to secure what is best for the person seeking help.

14. Why do ineffective treatments seem helpful? A brief review

PubMed Central

Hartman, Steve E

2009-01-01

After any therapy, when symptoms improve, healthcare providers (and patients) are tempted to award credit to treatment. Over time, a particular treatment can seem so undeniably helpful that scientific verification of efficacy is judged an inconvenient waste of time and resources. Unfortunately, practitioners' accumulated, day-to-day, informal impressions of diagnostic reliability and clinical efficacy are of limited value. To help clarify why even treatments entirely lacking in direct effect can seem helpful, I will explain why real signs and symptoms often improve, independent of treatment. Then, I will detail quirks of human perception, interpretation, and memory that often make symptoms seem improved, when they are not. I conclude that healthcare will grow to full potential only when judgments of clinical efficacy routinely are based in properly scientific, placebo-controlled, outcome analysis. PMID:19822008

15. Help-Seeking and Social Support in Japanese Sojourners

PubMed Central

Arnault, Denise Saint

2007-01-01

Research shows that social support is essential for healthy psychological functioning. Help seeking and social support are social processes shaped by cultural understandings about how need should be expressed, to whom, and in what circumstances. This study used grounded theory methodology to examine how cultural factors regulate help seeking and social support in a sample of 25 Japanese sojourners' wives living in America. Culturally based social edicts such as mutual responsibility and in-group solidarity were found to promote help seeking and social support. In contrast, culturally specific factors such as enryo (polite deference), hierarchy, and the cultural rules governing reciprocity inhibited these behaviors. From these data, a cultural model of social exchange, allowing for cultural diversity, is proposed. This model can increase the effectiveness of nursing interventions aimed at community-based health promotion. PMID:11911381

16. Collaborative Help in Chronic Disease Management: Supporting Individualized Problems.

PubMed

Huh, Jina; Ackerman, Mark S

2012-01-01

Coping with chronic illness disease is a long and lonely journey, because the burden of managing the illness on a daily basis is placed upon the patients themselves. In this paper, we present our findings for how diabetes patient support groups help one another find individualized strategies for managing diabetes. Through field observations of face-to-face diabetes support groups, content analysis of an online diabetes community, and interviews, we found several help interactions that are critical in helping patients in finding individualized solutions. Those are: (1) patients operationalize their experiences to easily contextualize and share executable strategies; (2) operationalization has to be done within the larger context of sharing illness trajectories; and (3) the support groups develop common understanding towards diabetes management. We further discuss how our findings translate into design implications for supporting chronic illness patients in online community settings.

17. Using health psychology to help patients: promoting healthy choices.

PubMed

Barley, Elizabeth; Lawson, Victoria

2016-11-24

This article describes behaviour change techniques that nurses can use to help individual patients to make and stick to healthy choices. These include helping patients to set goals that are specific, measureable, achievable, relevant and timely (SMART), promoting self-monitoring and providing feedback and motivational interviewing. The process for delivering these techniques is described and the evidence for them discussed. Simply providing brief advice and follow up can lead to behaviour change, even in people who have not expressed a desire to change. The techniques are designed to be brief and feasible to use in routine practice. Using them can help nurses to apply the NHS policy of Making Every Contact Count so that their patients achieve long-term benefit.

18. Gambling harms and gambling help-seeking amongst indigenous Australians.

PubMed

Hing, Nerilee; Breen, Helen; Gordon, Ashley; Russell, Alex

2014-09-01

This paper aimed to analyze the harms arising from gambling and gambling-related help-seeking behaviour within a large sample of Indigenous Australians. A self-selected sample of 1,259 Indigenous Australian adults completed a gambling survey at three Indigenous sports and cultural events, in several communities and online. Based on responses to the problem gambling severity index (PGSI), the proportions of the sample in the moderate risk and problem gambler groups were higher than those for the population of New South Wales. Many in our sample appeared to face higher risks with their gambling and experience severe gambling harms. From PGSI responses, notable harms include financial difficulties and feelings of guilt and regret about gambling. Further harms, including personal, relationship, family, community, legal and housing impacts, were shown to be significantly higher for problem gamblers than for the other PGSI groups. Most problem gamblers relied on family, extended family and friends for financial help or went without due to gambling losses. Nearly half the sample did not think they had a problem with gambling but the results show that the majority (57.7 %) faced some risk with their gambling. Of those who sought gambling help, family, extended family, friends and respected community members were consulted, demonstrating the reciprocal obligations underpinning traditional Aboriginal culture. The strength of this finding is that these people are potentially the greatest source of gambling help, but need knowledge and resources to provide that help effectively. Local Aboriginal services were preferred as the main sources of professional help for gambling-related problems.

19. Teenagers' attitudes about seeking help from telephone crisis services (hotlines).

PubMed

Gould, Madelyn S; Greenberg, Ted; Munfakh, Jimmie Lou Harris; Kleinman, Marjorie; Lubell, Keri

2006-12-01

The purpose of this study was to examine the attitudes toward the use of telephone crisis services (hotlines) among 519 adolescents in 9th through 12th grade mandatory health courses in six high schools in New York State. Few adolescents (2.1%) used hotlines and negative attitudes were stronger toward hotlines than they were toward other formal sources of help. The most common reasons for hotline nonuse related to feelings of self-reliance and shame. Objections to hotlines were strongest among students most in need of help by virtue of impaired functioning or feelings of hopelessness. The results underscore needed outreach efforts to youth.

20. Research on developmental care: helping both preemies and parents.

PubMed

Bingham, Raymond J

2012-01-01

Developmental care for premature infants was introduced by Dr. Heidi Als more than 20 years ago, and has become an accepted standard of care. Research into developmental care has shown some benefits in neonatal outcomes, but there is no standard definition of developmental care, and its practice can vary widely across different neonatal units. Dr. Bernadette Melnyk developed a program entitled "Creating Opportunities for Parent Empowerment" (COPE) to help parents of premature infants learn about the common appearance and behaviors of these infants, and about developmentally appropriate parenting skills. COPE has helped to reduce parental anxiety and stress and to improve outcomes for premature infants.

1. Seeking help: B cells adapting to flu variability.

PubMed

van der Most, Robbert G; Roman, François P; Innis, Bruce; Hanon, Emmanuel; Vaughn, David W; Gillard, Paul; Walravens, Karl; Wettendorff, Martine

2014-07-23

The study of influenza vaccines has revealed potential interactions between preexisting immunological memory and antigenic context and/or adjuvantation. In the face of antigenic diversity, the process of generating B cell adaptability is driven by cross-reactive CD4 memory cells, such as T follicular helper cells from previous infections or vaccinations. Although such "helped" B cells are capable of adapting to variant antigens, lack of CD4 help could lead to a suboptimal antibody response. Collectively, this indicates an interplay between CD4 T cells, adjuvant, and B cell adaptability.

2. Cults and zealous self-help movements: a psychiatric perspective.

PubMed

Galanter, M

1990-05-01

Modern cults and zealous self-help movements exercise an intense group influence and can have a major impact on their members' psychiatric status. On the basis of research findings, the author describes the charismatic group, a generic model for such cohesive, intensely ideological movements. He examines the psychological forces they tap and the way they can both relieve and exacerbate psychopathology. The model is then used to explain the operation of zealous self-help programs that address psychiatric syndromes; these are directed at problems of the medically ill, substance abusers, and relatives of psychiatric patients.

3. Seeking Help From Everyone and No-One: Conceptualizing the Online Help-Seeking Process Among Adolescent Males.

PubMed

Best, Paul; Gil-Rodriguez, Elena; Manktelow, Roger; Taylor, Brian J

2016-07-01

Online help-seeking is an emerging trend within the 21st century. Yet, despite some movement toward developing online services, little is known about how young people locate, access, and receive support online. This study aims to conceptualize the process of online help-seeking among adolescent males. Modified photo-elicitation techniques were employed within eight semi-structured focus group sessions with adolescent males aged 14 to 15 years (n = 56) across seven schools in Northern Ireland. Thematic analyses were conducted within an ontological framework of critical realism and an epistemological framework of contextualism. Informal online help-seeking pathways increased opportunity for social support and reduced stigma but also included loss of control and reduced anonymity. Formal pathways offered increased anonymity but concerns were raised regarding participants' ability to locate and appraise the quality of information online. A conceptual model of online help-seeking has been developed to highlight the key help-seeking pathways taken by adolescent males.

4. Helping Neighbourhoods Help Themselves

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Richardson, Liz

2012-01-01

Not long after commentators were predicting the "death of neighbourhoods," they are back in policy vogue. Funding was withdrawn, attention went elsewhere. But neighbourhoods are a yo-yo policy idea, in and out of fashion, and they have bounced back under the coalition. Neighbourhoods are now a key focus for the coalition's localism agenda to…

5. Helping Ourselves, Helping Others

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schuller, Tom

2012-01-01

Adult Learners' Week has whirled round again, but the author has been looking backwards. An invitation to speak at an event to mark the retirement of Richard Bolsin as General Secretary of the Workers' Educational Association prompted him at last to get hold of Jonathan Rose's "Intellectual Life of the British Working Classes." Rose's concern is…

6. The others will help: the presence of multiple video game characters reduces helping after the game is over.

PubMed

Stenico, Christian; Greitemeyer, Tobias

2014-01-01

The bystander effect refers to the phenomenon that individuals are less likely to help if there are potential other helpers present. For instance, past research revealed that participants were less likely to help computer-controlled characters if there were other computer-controlled characters present. Research has also shown that the bystander effect occurs if the presence of others is merely imagined. The present research examined the idea that the presence of multiple characters within a video game reduces the player's helping behavior even after the video game is over. In fact, participants who played a video game with multiple characters present were less likely to devote time to assisting in a future study than participants who had played the same video game with only a single character present.

7. Terrorism: Online Resources for Helping Students Understand and Cope.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Green, Tim; Ramirez, Fred

2002-01-01

Presents an annotated bibliography of Web sites that focus on the issue of terrorism. Aims to assist teachers in educating their students and helping them cope with terrorism since the September 11, 2001 attack on the United States. Offers sites on other terrorist attacks on the U.S. (CMK)

8. How Configuration Management Helps Projects Innovate and Communicate

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Cioletti, Louis A.; Guidry, Carla F.

2009-01-01

This slide presentation reviews the concept of Configuration Management (CM) and compares it to the standard view of Project management (PM). It presents two PM models: (1) Kepner-Tregoe,, and the Deming models, describes why projects fail, and presents methods of how CM helps projects innovate and communicate.

9. Campbell Biology Prize Essay: How Problems Can Help.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cratsley, Christopher

1991-01-01

Presents the idea that, to improve secondary science, school science teaching students must be taught to use the activities of science: questioning, information gathering, hypothesizing, testing and conveying, and confronting current issues and problems in science. Activities and ideas that can be used to help students understand and use the…

10. Helping Students Adapt to Graduate School: Making the Grade.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Silber, Earle; Arnstein, Robert L.; Backus, Varda; Eddy, Harrison P.; Liptzin, Myron B.; Notman, Malkah Tolpin; Reich, Peter; Reid, Elizabeth Aub; Siggins, Lorraine D.; Silverman, Morton; Stauffer, Tom G.; Wenger, Robert E.

This book, formulated by the Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry (GAP) Committee on the College Student, describes the complexity of graduate student lives and advocates providing students with mental health services and other support to help them cope more successfully with the challenges of graduate school. It provides a view of students…

11. Four Essential Ways that Coaching Can Help Executives.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Witherspoon, Robert; White, Randall P.

Coaching entails helping executives one on one to learn and to make the most of that learning. Because these encounters involve executives in different stages of their careers and in varied settings, coaching represents a continuum of roles. Consultants typically play four roles in working with chief executives, boards, and senior managers of…

12. Starting Now: Strategies for Helping Girls Complete Primary.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rugh, Andrea

This report assesses the current situation of girls' participation in elementary education, suggesting approaches that may help increase girls' retention. It reviews research findings and conventional wisdom on constraints affecting girls' schooling and examines initiatives that have attempted to increase girls' retention. Chapter 1,…

13. Helping Gifted Students with Stress Management. ERIC Digest #E488.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kaplan, Leslie S.

Presented in a question-and-answer format, this digest offers guidelines to help gifted students manage stress effectively. The following questions are considered: What is stress? How can a youngster experience stress when nothing bad is happening? Is a gifted student more likely to feel stress than others? What are some stresses on a gifted…

14. Bullies & Victims: Helping Your Child through the Schoolyard Battlefield.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fried, Suellen; Fried, Paula

The purpose of this book is to encourage children and adults in partnership to mobilize and put the prevention of bullying on the national agenda. Some teasing in childhood is inevitable, and it can be an important preparation for life. However, there is a point when teasing stops being helpful or playful, when it becomes humiliating or…

15. Child Care Helps America Work and Learn. Issue No. 1

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child Care Bureau, 2010

2010-01-01

"Child Care Helps America Work and Learn" is a new publication produced by the Child Care Bureau. This new series will highlight some of the many Recovery Act-funded child care success stories from communities across the country that illustrate how the Bureau is working toward the shared goal of supporting children and families. This…

16. Helping You Choose Quality Nursing and Rehabilitation Center Services

MedlinePlus

... Core Measures Specifications Manual for National Hospital Inpatient Quality Measures CLABSI Toolkit Topics Topics Emergency Management Health Equity ... Calendar Newsletters Podcasts Speakers Bureau Videos Daily Update ... < Return to Topic Library Helping You Choose Quality Nursing and Rehabilitation Center Services September 13, 2013 When ...

17. How do adolescents develop faith and how can nurses help?

PubMed

Haley, Janice M

2014-01-01

Developmental theories can help nurses better understand how to support patients in their care. Adolescence, a particularly tumultuous period for many, is an opportune time for nurses to support the development of identity and faith, especially for nurse practitioners (NPs) who may be in longer-term outpatient relationships. Nursing interventions are offered to assist in supporting adolescent faith development.

18. Bibliotherapy: A Strategy to Help Students with Bullying

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gregory, Katherine E.; Vessey, Judith A.

2004-01-01

Use of bibliotherapy to address childhood teasing and bullying is an innovative approach school nurses should consider as they work to promote a healthy school environment. Children's books serve as a unique conduit of exchange between parents, teachers, and children. Bibliotherapy, using books to help people solve problems, involves three stages:…

19. Doing Literary Criticism: Helping Students Engage with Challenging Texts

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gillespie, Tim

2010-01-01

One of the greatest challenges for English language arts teachers today is the call to engage students in more complex texts. Tim Gillespie, who has taught in public schools for almost four decades, has found the lenses of literary criticism a powerful tool for helping students tackle challenging literary texts. Tim breaks down the dense language…

20. Children's Spirituality: Epistemology and Theory from Various Helping Professions

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Boynton, Heather Marie

2011-01-01

Children's spirituality is a rising area of importance in research within other helping disciplines, which social work should attend to. Epistemology is an important element of research that is often difficult to discern. This article discusses the different epistemological paradigms and identifies pertinent theories in relation to some of the…

1. NREL Innovations Help Drive Wind Industry Transformation (Fact Sheet)

SciTech Connect

Not Available

2013-08-01

For nearly 30 years, NREL has helped the wind turbine industry through design and research innovations. The comprehensive capabilities of the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC), ranging from specialized computer simulation tools to unique test facilities, has been used to design, develop, and deploy several generations of advanced wind energy technology.

2. The Utilization of Home Help in Sweden: A Multivariate Analysis.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thorslund, Mats; And Others

1991-01-01

Estimated effect of variety of factors on the utilization of home help among the elderly in Sweden using a sample (n=421) of people 75 years and older. Results indicated physical functioning (instrumental activities of daily living) and living alone were most important. (Author/ABL)

3. School-Based Teams Help Improve School Learning Environments.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Richardson, Ann

1993-01-01

Educators at a Connecticut middle school are creating programs to help students develop more positive self-images within a safe, supportive learning environment. Schoolwide restructuring efforts led to teams of professionals concerned with school learning climate, team teaching, monitoring of pupil progress, staff development, at-risk students,…

4. Helping Parents Learn a Second Language with Their Children: Spanish.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gradisnik, Anthony, Comp.

This guide for parents of elementary school Spanish language students who wish to learn the language along with their children contains the following materials: (1) language learning hints; (2) pronunciation help including rhythm patterns; (3) conversation capsules (small dialogs and a selection of drawings to accompany the texts) permitting…

5. Helping Students Weave Their Way through the World Wide Web.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Elliott, Catherine B.

2000-01-01

Discusses six strategies to help both students and teachers learn to make wise use of information on the World Wide Web: teaching the value of key word skills; using online sources available in the media center; creating pathfinders; teaching students sound searching skills that include Boolean logic; directing students to the best search engines;…

6. Street Smarts: Activities That Help Teenagers Take Care of Themselves.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kirby, Michael

Because growing up has become the art of survival for many young people, a professionally conducted course in street smarts can help them identify problems, understand consequences, and make good decisions. The information and activities contained in this text can teach students how to take care of themselves when confronted with challenges. It…

7. Homework Help from the Library: In Person and Online

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intner, Carol F.

2011-01-01

Children's and young adult librarians are crucial links to effective learning for students. This straightforward handbook is filled with nuts-and-bolts advice on the best ways to help young people with their homework, no matter what the assignment. Carol F. Intner, a certified English teacher and experienced tutor, concentrates on the practical,…

8. A Dose of Kindness: Empathic Arousal and Helping Behavior.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Coke, Jay S.; Batson, C. Daniel

This paper explores the role of empathic arousal in mediating helping behavior. Undergraduates listened to a recording of a radio newscast that described the situation of a young woman whose parents had been killed in an automobile accident. Subjects were instructed either to imagine how the woman felt about her situation (imagine condition), or…

9. Correlates of Performance in Biological Psychology: How Can We Help?

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sgoutas-Emch, Sandra A.; Nagel, Erik; Flynn, Scott

2007-01-01

Undergraduate students routinely rated science-related courses such as biopsychology as intimidating and very difficult. Identification of factors that may contribute to success in these types of courses is important in order to help increase performance and interest in these topics. To examine what variables are related to performance, we studied…

10. The Relationship between Self-Efficacy and Help Evasion

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Persson, Roger; Cleal, Bryan; Jakobsen, Mette Øllgaard; Villadsen, Ebbe; Andersen, Lars L.

2014-01-01

Objective: To examine the relationship between self-efficacy and not wanting help to change health behaviors. Method: All employees in the Danish police department were invited to respond to an electronic questionnaire. All respondents expressing a desire to change health behaviors in relation to smoking ("n" = 845), alcohol…

11. College Students Help to Solve a Local Plant Layout Problem

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Elements of Technology, 1975

1975-01-01

The article discusses how 14 college students helped Purity Packaging Ltd. of Petersborough, Ontario, to determine how three new machines could be incorporated in a packaging plant. The class was divided into two teams of five and one team of four and built three scale models of the plant. (Author/JB)

12. Ohio Children: Together We Can Help Them Grow.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's Defense Fund-Ohio, Columbus.

Ohio, like other states, will soon begin implementing parts of a sweeping new federal welfare reform law. These seven 1- and 2-page reports, issued under the general heading of "Ohio Children: Together We Can Help Them Grow," describe various Ohio welfare programs, providing statistics on their costs and usage rates, as well as changes…

13. Who Is Helped by Friendly Inclusion?: A Transformation Teaching Model.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rosser, Sue V.; Kelly, Bonnie

1994-01-01

Reports on a project that attempts to inform faculty of female-friendly changes in curriculum content and pedagogy derived from research in women's and ethnic studies. Supports the hypothesis that more inclusionary techniques help reverse the trend of increasing student attrition. (DDR)

14. Help Yourself! Activities To Promote Safety and Self-Esteem.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ross, Kate

First in a series of books designed to accompany the compact disk "Help Yourself," this book provides suggestions for classroom activities using the CD songs as a springboard into a curriculum for promoting self-esteem and safety skills among preschool children. Each section begins with sheet music and complete lyrics for each of the 12 songs,…

15. Helping Metaphors Take Root in the EFL Classroom

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lowery, Denise

2013-01-01

Learners of English as a foreign language often find it difficult to understand figurative speech, which relies heavily on metaphor. This article explores why metaphors challenge learners and presents ways to incorporate metaphors into EFL instruction to help learners understand figurative speech. Topics discussed include cognitive metaphor,…

16. 10 Steps to Help Your Pre-Teen Say "No."

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

National Clearinghouse for Alcohol Information (DHHS), Rockville, MD.

This booklet is one of two publications designed to assist parents in guiding their preadolescents away from experimentation with alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs, while enhancing the parent-child relationship. The book is divided into 10 steps: (1) talk with your child about alcohol; (2) learn to really listen to your child; (3) help your child…

17. Helping Students toward Independence: The STEPS Program at USDB

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Smale, Kimberley P.

2010-01-01

Utah Schools for the Deaf and the Blind (USDB) serves students with varying abilities and needs. At the high school level, a range of transition services is required to help this diverse group of students prepare for life after high school. USDB established the STEPS program as part of this range of services. STEPS is a training and transition…

18. Life After High School: Helping Teens Who Are College Bound.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our Children, 2000

2000-01-01

Presents four steps to help families avoid the pitfalls of college selection by keeping their options open and focusing on the teen before beginning the search. The steps involve: debunking several myths about college selection; keeping teens' needs and interests in mind; preparing a shopping list before entering the college supermarket; and…

19. Helping Others Travel Abroad: Careers in International Preparation

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vilorio, Dennis

2012-01-01

People travel abroad for reasons as diverse as their destinations. Many travel to sightsee, some to work, and others to study. Some stay indefinitely. Behind a number of these trips, there are workers who help travelers overcome the challenges of going to a different country--such as learning about local customs and finding safe accommodations. As…

20. Help Preferences among Employees Who Wish to Change Health Behaviors

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Persson, Roger; Cleal, Bryan; Jakobsen, Mette Øllgaard; Villadsen, Ebbe; Andersen, Lars L.

2014-01-01

Objective: To examine the help preferences of employees in the Danish police who had acknowledged that they wished to change health behaviors. In addition, we explored whether preferences varied with age, gender, chronic health concerns, positive expectations of good health, and past experiences of in-house health promotion services (i.e.,…