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Sample records for 4 6 8

  1. 40 CFR 721.9504 - Silane, triethoxy (3,3,4,4,5,5, 6,6,7,7,8,8,8-tridecafluorooctyl)-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Silane, triethoxy (3,3,4,4,5,5, 6,6,7... Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.9504 Silane, triethoxy (3,3,4,4,5,5, 6,6,7,7,8,8,8... substance identified as silane, triethoxy (3,3,4,4,5, 5,6,6,7,7,8,8,8-tridecafluorooctyl)- (PMN...

  2. 40 CFR 721.9504 - Silane, triethoxy (3,3,4,4,5,5, 6,6,7,7,8,8,8-tridecafluorooctyl)-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Silane, triethoxy (3,3,4,4,5,5, 6,6,7... Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.9504 Silane, triethoxy (3,3,4,4,5,5, 6,6,7,7,8,8,8... substance identified as silane, triethoxy (3,3,4,4,5, 5,6,6,7,7,8,8,8-tridecafluorooctyl)- (PMN...

  3. 40 CFR 721.9504 - Silane, triethoxy (3,3,4,4,5,5, 6,6,7,7,8,8,8-tridecafluorooctyl)-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Silane, triethoxy (3,3,4,4,5,5, 6,6,7... Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.9504 Silane, triethoxy (3,3,4,4,5,5, 6,6,7,7,8,8,8... substance identified as silane, triethoxy (3,3,4,4,5, 5,6,6,7,7,8,8,8-tridecafluorooctyl)- (PMN...

  4. 40 CFR 721.9504 - Silane, triethoxy (3,3,4,4,5,5, 6,6,7,7,8,8,8-tridecafluorooctyl)-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Silane, triethoxy (3,3,4,4,5,5, 6,6,7... Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.9504 Silane, triethoxy (3,3,4,4,5,5, 6,6,7,7,8,8,8... substance identified as silane, triethoxy (3,3,4,4,5, 5,6,6,7,7,8,8,8-tridecafluorooctyl)- (PMN...

  5. 40 CFR 721.9504 - Silane, triethoxy (3,3,4,4,5,5, 6,6,7,7,8,8,8-tridecafluorooctyl)-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Silane, triethoxy (3,3,4,4,5,5, 6,6,7... Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.9504 Silane, triethoxy (3,3,4,4,5,5, 6,6,7,7,8,8,8... substance identified as silane, triethoxy (3,3,4,4,5, 5,6,6,7,7,8,8,8-tridecafluorooctyl)- (PMN...

  6. 40 CFR 721.9503 - Silane, (3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,8,8,9,9,10,10,10-heptadecafluorodecyl)trimethoxy-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Silane, (3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,8,8,9,9... SUBSTANCES Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.9503 Silane, (3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,8,8... subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as silane,...

  7. 40 CFR 721.9503 - Silane, (3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,8,8,9,9,10,10,10-heptadecafluorodecyl)trimethoxy-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Silane, (3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,8,8,9,9... SUBSTANCES Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.9503 Silane, (3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,8,8... subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as silane,...

  8. 40 CFR 721.9503 - Silane, (3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,8,8,9,9,10,10,10-heptadecafluorodecyl)trimethoxy-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Silane, (3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,8,8,9,9... SUBSTANCES Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.9503 Silane, (3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,8,8... subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as silane,...

  9. 40 CFR 721.9503 - Silane, (3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,8,8,9,9,10,10,10-heptadecafluorodecyl)trimethoxy-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Silane, (3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,8,8,9,9... SUBSTANCES Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.9503 Silane, (3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,8,8... subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as silane,...

  10. 40 CFR 721.9503 - Silane, (3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,8,8,9,9,10,10,10-heptadecafluorodecyl)trimethoxy-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Silane, (3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,8,8,9,9... SUBSTANCES Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.9503 Silane, (3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,8,8... subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as silane,...

  11. Synthesis and photophysical properties of 2-aryl-6,8-bis(arylethenyl)-4-methoxyquinolines.

    PubMed

    Khoza, Tebogo Ankie; Maluleka, Marole Maria; Mama, Neliswa; Mphahlele, Malose Jack

    2012-01-01

    Iodine-methanol mediated oxidative-aromatization of 2-aryl-6,8-dibromo-2,3-dihydroquinolin-4(1H)-ones afforded the corresponding 2-aryl-6,8-dibromo-4-methoxy-quinolines in high yield and purity. The isomeric 1-(2-amino-3,5-dibromophenyl)-3-aryl-2-propen-1-ones reacted with iodine in methanol afford in a single pot operation the corresponding 2-aryl-6,8-dibromo-4-methoxyquinoline (major) and 2-aryl-6,8-dibromoquinolin-4(1H)-one (minor) products that were separated in sequence by column chromatography on silica gel. Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling of the 6,8-dibromo-4-methoxyquinoline derivatives with excess arylvinylboronic acids afforded the corresponding 2-aryl-6,8-bis(2-arylethenyl)-4-methoxyquinolines. The absorption and fluorescence properties of these compounds were also determined. PMID:23201639

  12. (+/-)-6-tert-butyl-8-hydroxymethyl-2-phenyl-4H-1,3-benzodioxin and 2,2,2',2',6,6'-hexamethyl-8,8'-methylenebis(4H-1,3-benzodioxin).

    PubMed

    Masci, Bernardo; Levi Mortera, Stefano; Varrone, Maurizio; Thuéry, Pierre

    2002-11-01

    Two compounds containing 1,3-benzodioxin groups are reported, namely (+/-)-6-tert-butyl-8-hydroxymethyl-2-phenyl-4H-1,3-benzodioxin, C(19)H(22)O(3), (I), and 2,2,2',2',6,6'-hexamethyl-8,8'-methylenebis(4H-1,3-benzodioxin), C(23)H(28)O(4), (II). The hydroxy groups of neighbouring molecules in (I) are hydrogen bonded to each other, giving rise to double-row chains. The molecule in (II) adopts a 'butterfly' conformation, with the O atoms in distal positions. In both compounds, the dioxin rings are in distorted half-chair conformations. PMID:12415170

  13. Inhibitory activities against rice pathogens of 8-hydroxy-2,4,6-octatriynamide from Agrocybe sp.

    PubMed

    Zheng, Yongbiao; Xu, Xiaoping; Wu, Yabin

    2016-03-01

    8-Hydroxy-2,4,6-octatriynamide, a natural polyacetylene with inhibitory activities against rice pathogens, was isolated from the liquid fermentation broth of strain Agrocybe sp. YB2005 during screening for new natural chemical agents to control rice pathogens. 8-hydroxy-2,4,6-octatriynamide was purified by consecutive chromatography over a Cl8 reversed phase silica gel, sephadex LH-20 and silica gel. The chemical structure of 8-hydroxy-2,4,6-octatriynamide was elucidated through spectroscopic analyses, including 1D- and 2D-NMR, ESI mass spectrometry and X-ray single crystal diffraction. Bioassays showed that 8-hydroxy-2,4,6-octatriynamide could significantly inhibit growth of Xanthomonas oryzae with an MIC of 53.1 μM in a 96-well plate and the growth of Rhizoctonia solani at 1.02 mM in a 24-well plate. When rice leaves were inoculated with Magnaporthe grisea and cultured in artificial nutrition liquid containing 0.34 mM 8-hydroxy-2,4,6-octatriynamide, no rice blast was observed. The present study implied that 8-hydroxy-2,4,6-octatriynamide could be a candidate agent against rice pathogens. PMID:26861586

  14. 8 CFR 245a.16 - Continuous physical presence from November 6, 1986, through May 4, 1988.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Continuous physical presence from November... Equity (LIFE) Act Legalization Provisions § 245a.16 Continuous physical presence from November 6, 1986... physical presence in the United States from November 6, 1986, through May 4, 1988. Evidence...

  15. 8 CFR 1236.4 - Removal of S-5, S-6, and S-7 nonimmigrants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Removal of S-5, S-6, and S-7 nonimmigrants... OF ALIENS ORDERED REMOVED Detention of Aliens Prior to Order of Removal § 1236.4 Removal of S-5, S-6, and S-7 nonimmigrants. (a) Condition of classification. As a condition of classification and...

  16. 8 CFR 1236.4 - Removal of S-5, S-6, and S-7 nonimmigrants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Removal of S-5, S-6, and S-7 nonimmigrants... OF ALIENS ORDERED REMOVED Detention of Aliens Prior to Order of Removal § 1236.4 Removal of S-5, S-6, and S-7 nonimmigrants. (a) Condition of classification. As a condition of classification and...

  17. Biotransformation of 2,4,6,8,10,12-Hexanitro-2,4,6,8,10,12-Hexaazaisowurtzitane (CL-20) by Denitrifying Pseudomonas sp. Strain FA1

    PubMed Central

    Bhushan, Bharat; Paquet, Louise; Spain, Jim C.; Hawari, Jalal

    2003-01-01

    The microbial and enzymatic degradation of a new energetic compound, 2,4,6,8,10,12-hexanitro-2,4,6,8,10,12-hexaazaisowurtzitane (CL-20), is not well understood. Fundamental knowledge about the mechanism of microbial degradation of CL-20 is essential to allow the prediction of its fate in the environment. In the present study, a CL-20-degrading denitrifying strain capable of utilizing CL-20 as the sole nitrogen source, Pseudomonas sp. strain FA1, was isolated from a garden soil. Studies with intact cells showed that aerobic conditions were required for bacterial growth and that anaerobic conditions enhanced CL-20 biotransformation. An enzyme(s) involved in the initial biotransformation of CL-20 was shown to be membrane associated and NADH dependent, and its expression was up-regulated about 2.2-fold in CL-20-induced cells. The rates of CL-20 biotransformation by the resting cells and the membrane-enzyme preparation were 3.2 ± 0.1 nmol h−1 mg of cell biomass−1 and 11.5 ± 0.4 nmol h−1 mg of protein−1, respectively, under anaerobic conditions. In the membrane-enzyme-catalyzed reactions, 2.3 nitrite ions (NO2−), 1.5 molecules of nitrous oxide (N2O), and 1.7 molecules of formic acid (HCOOH) were produced per reacted CL-20 molecule. The membrane-enzyme preparation reduced nitrite to nitrous oxide under anaerobic conditions. A comparative study of native enzymes, deflavoenzymes, and a reconstituted enzyme(s) and their subsequent inhibition by diphenyliodonium revealed that biotransformation of CL-20 is catalyzed by a membrane-associated flavoenzyme. The latter catalyzed an oxygen-sensitive one-electron transfer reaction that caused initial N denitration of CL-20. PMID:12957905

  18. 8 CFR 245a.16 - Continuous physical presence from November 6, 1986, through May 4, 1988.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Continuous physical presence from November 6, 1986, through May 4, 1988. 245a.16 Section 245a.16 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS TO THAT OF PERSONS ADMITTED FOR TEMPORARY OR PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS UNDER SECTION 245A OF...

  19. 8 CFR 245a.16 - Continuous physical presence from November 6, 1986, through May 4, 1988.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Continuous physical presence from November 6, 1986, through May 4, 1988. 245a.16 Section 245a.16 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS TO THAT OF PERSONS ADMITTED FOR TEMPORARY OR PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS UNDER SECTION 245A OF...

  20. The Synthesis of 4,6,8-Trimethylazulene: An Organic Laboratory Experiment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garst, Michael E.; And Others

    1983-01-01

    A two-stage synthesis of 4,6,8-trimethylazulene was developed for use in the undergraduate experiment, highlighting concepts not usually covered in the laboratory. The experiment requires purification procedures of chromatography and of sublimation and illustrates concepts of aromaticity, molecular orbital theory, and carbodium ion reactivity. (JN)

  1. 8 CFR 236.4 - Removal of S-5, S-6, and S-7 nonimmigrants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Removal of S-5, S-6, and S-7 nonimmigrants... of Aliens Prior to Order of Removal § 236.4 Removal of S-5, S-6, and S-7 nonimmigrants. (a) Condition... section 101(a)(15)(S) of the Act, nonimmigrants in S classification must have executed Form I-854, Part...

  2. 8 CFR 236.4 - Removal of S-5, S-6, and S-7 nonimmigrants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Removal of S-5, S-6, and S-7 nonimmigrants... of Aliens Prior to Order of Removal § 236.4 Removal of S-5, S-6, and S-7 nonimmigrants. (a) Condition... section 101(a)(15)(S) of the Act, nonimmigrants in S classification must have executed Form I-854, Part...

  3. MGMT, GATA6, CD81, DR4, and CASP8 gene promoter methylation in glioblastoma

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Methylation of promoter region is the major mechanism affecting gene expression in tumors. Recent methylome studies of brain tumors revealed a list of new epigenetically modified genes. Our aim was to study promoter methylation of newly identified epigenetically silenced genes together with already known epigenetic markers and evaluate its separate and concomitant role in glioblastoma genesis and patient outcome. Methods The methylation status of MGMT, CD81, GATA6, DR4, and CASP8 in 76 patients with primary glioblastomas was investigated. Methylation-specific PCR reaction was performed using bisulfite treated DNA. Evaluating glioblastoma patient survival time after operation, patient data and gene methylation effect on survival was estimated using survival analysis. Results The overwhelming majority (97.3%) of tumors were methylated in at least one of five genes tested. In glioblastoma specimens gene methylation was observed as follows: MGMT in 51.3%, GATA6 in 68.4%, CD81 in 46.1%, DR4 in 41.3% and CASP8 in 56.8% of tumors. Methylation of MGMT was associated with younger patient age (p < 0.05), while CASP8 with older (p < 0.01). MGMT methylation was significantly more frequent event in patient group who survived longer than 36 months after operation (p < 0.05), while methylation of CASP8 was more frequent in patients who survived shorter than 36 months (p < 0.05). Cox regression analysis showed patient age, treatment, MGMT, GATA6 and CASP8 as independent predictors for glioblastoma patient outcome (p < 0.05). MGMT and GATA6 were independent predictors for patient survival in younger patients’ group, while there were no significant associations observed in older patients’ group when adjusted for therapy. Conclusions High methylation frequency of tested genes shows heterogeneity of glioblastoma epigenome and the importance of MGMT, GATA6 and CASP8 genes methylation in glioblastoma patient outcome. PMID:22672670

  4. Antioxidant enzyme activities and lipid peroxidation in earthworm Eisenia fetida exposed to 1,3,4,6,7,8-hexahydro-4,6,6,7,8,8-hexamethyl-cyclopenta-γ-2-benzopyran.

    PubMed

    Liu, Shuo; Zhou, Qixing; Chen, Chun

    2012-08-01

    Polycyclic musks have been indicated to cause lethal and sublethal effects on exposed biota. However, knowledge about the effect of polycyclic musks on the antioxidant defense system in earthworms is vague. In this work, the activities of antioxidant enzymes, including superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), catalase (CAT), and malondialdehyde (MDA) exposed to 1,3,4,6,7,8-hexahydro-4,6,6,7,8,8-hexamethyl-cyclopenta-γ-2-benzopyran (HHCB) were systematically investigated. The investigation shows that their activities are closely related to the exposed dose and time of HHCB. For SOD and CAT, the activities increased monotonically with increased exposed dose of HHCB, which indicates a dose-dependent change pattern. POD exhibited its peak activity in 0.0157 μg cm(-2) HHCB treatment and decreased at higher concentrations. These two changing patterns were complementary, which reveals the cooperation of enzymes in response to oxidative stress. MDA content in earthworms was basically unaffected with a 1-day exposure and significantly increased after 2-day and 3-day exposures, correlating with changes in the activities of SOD and CAT when the concentration of HHCB was high. It was also found that the sensitivity of Eisenia fetida to HHCB increased over time. These results may support the theoretical hypothesis that oxidative stress is an important component for the response of earthworms to the toxicity of HHCB in environment. Among the studied enzymes, SOD and CAT appeared to be the most responsive biomarkers of oxidative stress caused by HHCB. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Environ Toxicol, 2012. PMID:22764077

  5. Nqrs Data for C8H6O4 (Subst. No. 1074)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chihara, H.; Nakamura, N.

    This document is part of Subvolume A `Substances Containing Ag … C10H15' of Volume 48 `Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy Data' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group III `Condensed Matter'. It contains an extract of Section `3.2 Data tables' of the Chapter `3 Nuclear quadrupole resonance data' providing the NQRS data for C8H6O4 (Subst. No. 1074)

  6. 2,8-Disubstituted-1,6-Naphthyridines and 4,6-Disubstituted-Isoquinolines with Potent, Selective Affinity for CDK8/19.

    PubMed

    Mallinger, Aurélie; Schiemann, Kai; Rink, Christian; Sejberg, Jimmy; Honey, Mark A; Czodrowski, Paul; Stubbs, Mark; Poeschke, Oliver; Busch, Michael; Schneider, Richard; Schwarz, Daniel; Musil, Djordje; Burke, Rosemary; Urbahns, Klaus; Workman, Paul; Wienke, Dirk; Clarke, Paul A; Raynaud, Florence I; Eccles, Suzanne A; Esdar, Christina; Rohdich, Felix; Blagg, Julian

    2016-06-01

    We demonstrate a designed scaffold-hop approach to the discovery of 2,8-disubstituted-1,6-naphthyridine- and 4,6-disubstituted-isoquinoline-based dual CDK8/19 ligands. Optimized compounds in both series exhibited rapid aldehyde oxidase-mediated metabolism, which could be abrogated by introduction of an amino substituent at C5 of the 1,6-naphthyridine scaffold or at C1 of the isoquinoline scaffold. Compounds 51 and 59 were progressed to in vivo pharmacokinetic studies, and 51 also demonstrated sustained inhibition of STAT1(SER727) phosphorylation, a biomarker of CDK8 inhibition, in an SW620 colorectal carcinoma human tumor xenograft model following oral dosing. PMID:27326329

  7. 2,4,6,8-Tetrachlorodibenzothiophene in the Newark Bay Estuary: the likely source and reaction pathways.

    PubMed

    Parette, Robert; Pearson, Wendy N

    2014-09-01

    Historic industrial activity along the Newark Bay Estuary has resulted in pollution from a number of contaminants; one of which is 2,4,6,8-tetrachlorodibenzothiophene (2,4,6,8-TCDT), a unique chemical contaminant whose origins have not been adequately explained. This research demonstrates that the probable source of 2,4,6,8-TCDT was the chlorination of phenol produced via the sulfonation method. Thiophenol, the major impurity in this type of phenol, was likely converted to 2,4,6,8-TCDT through one or more pathways during the production of 2,4-dichlorophenol, 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), or 2,4,6-trichlorophenol. From a mass balance standpoint, production of these chemicals at an industrial plant along the Passaic River could account for the 2,4,6,8-TCDT in the Newark Bay Estuary. PMID:24997913

  8. Spectral properties of new N, N'-bis-alkyl-1,4,6,8-naphthalenediimide complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Refat, M. S.; Grabchev, I.; Chovelon, J.-M.; Ivanova, G.

    2006-05-01

    The photophysical properties of two N, N'-bis-alkyl-1,4,6,8-naphthalenediimide (DCN1 and DCN2) have been studied in chloroform and N, N-dimethylformamide solvents. The ability of DCN2 in N, N-dimethylformamide to detect metal cations have been monitored by the fluorescence emission spectroscopy. It has been shown that the fluorescent intensity is very sensitive to the concentration of Fe 3+ cations. The reaction of iodine with N, N'-bis-alkyl-1,4,6,8-naphthalenediimide in chloroform solution have been investigated by spectrophotometric method. The results indicate the formation of two CT-complexes [(DCN1)I] +·I 3- and [(DCN2)I] +·I 3- at donor:acceptor molar ratio of 1:2. The [(DCN1)I] +·I 3- shows the characteristic absorptions of I 3- ion at 290 and 360 nm while the charge-transfer transition of [(DCN2)I] +·I 3- occurs at 310 nm. Three characteristic bands at the far infrared region in each iodine complex are observed around 135, 105 and 85 cm -1 due to νas (I-I), νs (I-I) and δ (I 3-), respectively with C2v symmetry. The values of the complex formation constant, K, and the absorptivity, ɛ have been calculated.

  9. High antiallergic activity of 5,6,4'-trihydroxy-7,8,3'-trimethoxyflavone and 5,6-dihydroxy-7,8,3',4'-tetramethoxyflavone from eau de cologne mint (Mentha×piperita citrata).

    PubMed

    Sato, Akihiko; Tamura, Hirotoshi

    2015-04-01

    The following compounds with higher antiallergic activities were isolated from eau de cologne mint leaves: 5,6,4'-trihydroxy-7,8-dimethoxyflavone (6), 5,6,4'-trihydroxy-7,8,3'-trimethoxyflavone (7), 5,6-dihydroxy-7,3',4'-trimethoxyflavone (8), 5,6-dihydroxy-7,8,3',4'-tetramethoxyflavone (9), and 5,6-dihydroxy-7,8,4'-trimethoxyflavone (10). The IC50 values of compounds 6-10 against RBL-2H3 cells were 6.7, 2.4, 5.6, 3.0, and 6.1μM. Compounds 7 and 9 (IC50 2.4μM and 3.0μM) had the highest antiallergic activities among the flavonoids previously reported. The amounts of 7, 9, and 10 isolated were fairly high, at 177.7mg/kg, 278.0mg/kg, and 179.7mg/kg in the mint, respectively. LD5 value (index of toxicity) and LD5/IC50 ratio of 7 and 9 indicate that the safety is greater than that of luteolin, a typical antiallergic substance. The extract containing powerful antiallergic flavones, 6-10 with higher hydrophobicity could be selectively separated from the extract containing luteolin and other flavonoid glycosides by partition with dichloromethane and water. Therefore, compounds 7 and 9 in mint, and the dichloromethane extract would be the most potent and preventive resources against type I allergy. PMID:25704366

  10. 3,3,6,6-Tetra-methyl-9-[6-(3,3,6,6-tetra-methyl-1,8-dioxo-2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9-octa-hydro-1H-xanthen-9-yl)pyridin-2-yl]-2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9-octa-hydro-1H-xanthene-1,8-dione.

    PubMed

    Abdelhamid, Antar A; Mohamed, Shaaban Kamel; Allahverdiyev, Mirze A; Gurbanov, Atash V; Ng, Seik Weng

    2011-04-01

    In the title mol-ecule, C(39)H(45)NO(6), the two tetra-methyl-octa-hydroxanthen-1,8-dione substituents are arranged approximately parallel to each other and approximately perpendicular to the plane of the pyridine ring. The six-membered xanthene rings adopt flattened boat conformations with the O and methine C atoms deviating from the plane of the other four atoms. PMID:21754076

  11. Selective synthesis of the [Ni36Co8C8(CO)48]6- octa-carbide carbonyl cluster by thermal decomposition of the [H2Ni22Co6C6(CO)36]4- hexa-carbide.

    PubMed

    Ciabatti, Iacopo; Fabrizi de Biani, Fabrizia; Femoni, Cristina; Iapalucci, Maria Carmela; Longoni, Giuliano; Zacchini, Stefano

    2013-07-14

    The thermal decomposition in thf solution of [H2Ni22Co6C6(CO)36](4-) results in the new [HNi36Co8C8(CO)48](5-) bimetallic Ni-Co octa-carbide, which can be converted into the closely related [H6-nNi36Co8C8(CO)48](n-) (n = 3-6) polyhydrides by means of acid-base reactions. The structure of the [Ni36Co8C8(CO)48](6-) hexa-anion has been established via X-ray crystallography, showing that the eight interstitial carbide atoms are lodged within different metal cages. Thus, two C-atoms are enclosed within regular square anti-prismatic Ni8C cages, four within irregular Ni8C square anti-prismatic cages, and the last two within mono-capped trigonal prismatic Ni5Co2C cages. The structure of [Ni36Co8C8(CO)48](6-) is non-compact and closely related to [Ni32C6(CO)38](6-) and [HNi38C6(CO)44](5-). [Ni36Co8C8(CO)48](6-) approaches the nanosize regime and the whole molecular ion has a diameter (measured from the outer oxygen atoms) of ca. 1.61 nm. PMID:23676989

  12. Crystal structure of 2-amino-7,7-dimethyl-5-oxo-4-(pyridin-4-yl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-4 H-chromene-3-carbonitrile hemihydrate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharma, N.; Banerjee, B.; Brahmachari, G.; Kant, R.; Gupta, V. K.

    2015-12-01

    The title compound, 2-amino-7,7-dimethyl-5-oxo-4-(pyridin-4-yl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-4 Hchromene-3-carbonitrile was synthesized by multicomponent reaction at room temperature using commercially available urea as inexpensive and environmentally benign organo-catalyst. Its structure was determined by X-ray structure analysis. The crystals are monoclinic, sp. gr. C2/ c, a = 22.010(6), b = 11.0364(10), c = 17.147(4) Å, β = 130.37(4)°, Z = 8, R = 0.0433 for 2377 observed reflections.

  13. Proton radii of {sup 4,6,8}He isotopes from high-precision nucleon-nucleon interactions

    SciTech Connect

    Caurier, E.; Navratil, P.

    2006-02-15

    Recently, precision laser spectroscopy on {sup 6}He atoms determined accurately the isotope shift between {sup 4}He and {sup 6}He and, consequently, the charge radius of {sup 6}He. A similar experiment for {sup 8}He is under way. We have performed large-scale ab initio calculations for {sup 4,6,8}He isotopes using high-precision nucleon-nucleon (NN) interactions within the no-core shell model (NCSM) approach. With the CD-Bonn 2000 NN potential we found point-proton root-mean-square (rms) radii of {sup 4}He and {sup 6}He 1.45(1) fm and 1.89(4), respectively, in agreement with experiment and predict the {sup 8}He point-proton rms radius to be 1.88(6) fm. At the same time, our calculations show that the recently developed nonlocal INOY NN potential gives binding energies closer to experiment, but underestimates the charge radii.

  14. Rietveld refinement and ionic conductivity of Ca{sub 8.4}Bi{sub 1.6}(PO{sub 4}){sub 6}O{sub 1.8}

    SciTech Connect

    Tmar Trabelsi, I.; Madani, A.; Mercier, A.M.; Toumi, M.

    2013-01-15

    The structure of Ca{sub 8.4}Bi{sub 1.6}(PO{sub 4}){sub 6}O{sub 1.8}, isostructural with Fluoroapatite, was determined by X-ray powder diffraction methods. The results of Rietveld refinement revealed that the formula of this compound is [Ca{sub 4}]{sup 4f}[Ca{sub 4.4}Bi{sub 1.6}]{sup 6h}(PO{sub 4}){sub 6}[O{sub 1.8}]{sup 2a}, space group P63/m (a=9.468 (3) A, c=6.957 (3) A). A total substitution of Bi{sup 3+} ions in the (6h) sites was related particularly to the high polarizability of the Bi{sup 3+} ion compared to Ca{sup 2+}. The observed frequencies in the Raman and infrared spectra were explained and discussed on the basis of unit-cell group analyses and in comparison with Fluoroapatite and other oxyapatites. The ionic conductivity over a wide range of temperature was investigated according to the complex impedance method. The highest overall conductivity values were found at {sigma}{sub 700 Degree-Sign C} =5.03 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -7} S cm{sup -1} and E{sub a}=0.50 eV. - Graphical abstract: The final Rietveld refinement plot of the Ca{sub 8.4}Bi{sub 1.6} (PO{sub 4}){sub 6}O{sub 1.8}. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The Rietveld refinement revealed that the formula of this compound is Ca{sub 8.4}Bi{sub 1.6}(PO{sub 4}){sub 6}O{sub 1.8}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Vibrational spectroscopy supports the high symmetry P63/m space group for this apatite. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This apatite contained channels where oxygen ions were located in 2a sites. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The possibility of anionic conduction along these channels was considered.

  15. 8 CFR 245a.16 - Continuous physical presence from November 6, 1986, through May 4, 1988.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Equity (LIFE) Act Legalization Provisions § 245a.16 Continuous physical presence from November 6, 1986, through May 4, 1988. (a) The Service will determine whether an alien was continuously physically present... the alien. An alien must provide with the application evidence establishing his or her...

  16. Process for manufacturing bis(2-methoxyethyl)-2,3,6,7-tetracyano-1,4,5,8,9,10-hexazaanthracene

    SciTech Connect

    Rasmussen, Paul George; Lawton, Richard Graham

    2014-06-03

    A process to manufacture substituted tetracyano-hexaazatricyclics with the substitutions occurring at the 9 and 10 hydrogens. The process begins with 2,3-dichloro-5,6-dicyanopyrazine, which is reacted to form the desired tetracyano-hexaazatricyclic. Different process embodiments enable different reaction paths to the desired tetracyano-hexaazatricyclic. Different tetracyano-hexaazatricyclic embodiments include bis(2-methoxyethyl)-2,3,6,7-tetracyano-1,4,5,8,9,10-hexazaanthracene and bis(2-methoxyethoxyethyl)-2,3,6,7-tetracyano-1,4,5,8,9,10-hexazaanthracen- e.

  17. Volumetric Properties of the Mixture Thiolane 1,1-dioxide C4H8O2S + C6H14O4 3,6-Dioxaoctane-1,8-diol (VMSD1111, LB5084_V)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cibulka, I.; Fontaine, J.-C.; Sosnkowska-Kehiaian, K.; Kehiaian, H. V.

    This document is part of Subvolume C 'Binary Liquid Systems of Nonelectrolytes III' of Volume 26 'Heats of Mixing, Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium, and Volumetric Properties of Mixtures and Solutions' of Landolt-Börnstein Group IV 'Physical Chemistry'. It contains the Chapter 'Volumetric Properties of the Mixture Thiolane 1,1-dioxide C4H8O2S + C6H14O4 3,6-Dioxaoctane-1,8-diol (VMSD1111, LB5084_V)' providing data from direct low-pressure measurement of mass density at variable mole fraction and constant temperature, in the single-phase region(s).

  18. Volumetric Properties of the Mixture Thiolane 1,1-dioxide C4H8O2S + C6H14O4 3,6-Dioxaoctane-1,8-diol (VMSD1212, LB5088_V)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cibulka, I.; Fontaine, J.-C.; Sosnkowska-Kehiaian, K.; Kehiaian, H. V.

    This document is part of Subvolume C 'Binary Liquid Systems of Nonelectrolytes III' of Volume 26 'Heats of Mixing, Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium, and Volumetric Properties of Mixtures and Solutions' of Landolt-Börnstein Group IV 'Physical Chemistry'. It contains the Chapter 'Volumetric Properties of the Mixture Thiolane 1,1-dioxide C4H8O2S + C6H14O4 3,6-Dioxaoctane-1,8-diol (VMSD1212, LB5088_V)' providing data by calculation of molar excess volume from low-pressure density measurements at variable mole fraction and constant temperature.

  19. Crystal structure of a prokaryotic (6-4) photolyase with an Fe-S cluster and a 6,7-dimethyl-8-ribityllumazine antenna chromophore

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Fan; Scheerer, Patrick; Oberpichler, Inga; Lamparter, Tilman; Krauß, Norbert

    2013-01-01

    The (6-4) photolyases use blue light to reverse UV-induced (6-4) photoproducts in DNA. This (6-4) photorepair was thought to be restricted to eukaryotes. Here we report a prokaryotic (6-4) photolyase, PhrB from Agrobacterium tumefaciens, and propose that (6-4) photolyases are broadly distributed in prokaryotes. The crystal structure of photolyase related protein B (PhrB) at 1.45 Å resolution suggests a DNA binding mode different from that of the eukaryotic counterparts. A His-His-X-X-Arg motif is located within the proposed DNA lesion contact site of PhrB. This motif is structurally conserved in eukaryotic (6-4) photolyases for which the second His is essential for the (6-4) photolyase function. The PhrB structure contains 6,7-dimethyl-8-ribityllumazine as an antenna chromophore and a [4Fe-4S] cluster bound to the catalytic domain. A significant part of the Fe-S fold strikingly resembles that of the large subunit of eukaryotic and archaeal primases, suggesting that the PhrB-like photolyases branched at the base of the evolution of the cryptochrome/photolyase family. Our study presents a unique prokaryotic (6-4) photolyase and proposes that the prokaryotic (6-4) photolyases are the ancestors of the cryptochrome/photolyase family. PMID:23589886

  20. Unusual Yb magnetic properties in YbMn6Ge1.8-xSn4.2Gax and YbMn6Ge1.8Sn4.2-yGay

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eichenberger, L.; Malaman, B.; Mazet, T.

    2016-05-01

    We investigate the magnetic properties of the new HfFe6Ge6-type (P6/mmm) YbMn6Ge1.8-xSn4.2Gax (x=0.05, 0.4 and 0.9) and YbMn6Ge1.8Sn4.2-yGay (y=0.05, 0.5 and 1.0) alloys from DC magnetization and powder neutron diffraction experiments. The electronic structure modifications induced by the Ga substitution are found to promote the ferromagnetic order of the Mn sublattice, to enhance the Yb ordering temperature (up to TYb∼170 K) and to strongly increase the low-temperature coercive field (up to μ0Hc∼1 T). By contrast, the changes in the Yb magnetic moment magnitude upon Ga substitution are analyzed to be mainly driven by chemical pressure effects. The reduced Yb magnetic moment (1.0 μB8 μB) compared with the free ion value (4 μB) is interpreted as resulting from Kondo screening. There are strong indirect indications that the high temperature Yb magnetic ordering likely involves intermediate valent Yb.

  1. The Electronegativity Analysis of c-C4F8 as a Potential Insulation Substitute of SF6

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Xiaoling; Jiao, Juntao; Li, Bing; Xiao, Dengming

    2016-03-01

    The density distributions related to gas electronegativity for c-C4F8 gas, including negative ion, electron number and electron energy densities in the discharge process, are derived theoretically in both plane-to-plane and point-to-plane electrode geometries. These calculations have been performed through the Boltzmann equation in the condition of a steady-state Townsend (SST) experiment and a fluid model in the condition of both uniform and non-uniform electric fields. The electronegativity coefficients a = n-/ne of c-C4F8 and SF6 are compared to further describe the electron affinity of c-C4F8. The result shows that c-C4F8 represents an obvious electron-attachment performance in the discharge process. However, c-C4F8 still has much weaker gas electronegativity than SF6, whose electronegativity coefficient is lower than that of SF6 by at least three orders of magnitude. supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51337006)

  2. Binding Patterns of Rotavirus Genotypes P[4], P[6], and P[8] in China with Histo-Blood Group Antigens.

    PubMed

    Ma, Xin; Li, Dan-di; Sun, Xiao-Man; Guo, Yan-Qing; Xiang, Jing-Yao; Wang, Wei-Huan; Zhang, Li-Xia; Gu, Qing-Jiu; Duan, Zhao-Jun

    2015-01-01

    Rotaviruses (RVs) are an important cause of severe gastroenteritis in children. It has been found that RV may recognize the histo-blood group antigens (HBGAs) as ligands or receptors and bind HBGAs in a type-dependent manner. In this study, we investigated the binding specificity of VP8* proteins from human rotaviruses (RV) that are prevalent in China including genotypes P[4], P[6], and P[8]. Through the saliva- and oligosaccharide-based binding assays, we found that the VP8* proteins of P[4] and P[8] RV showed similar reactivity with the Leb and H type 1 antigens, while P[6] RV weakly bound the Leb antigen. These findings may facilitate further research into RV host specificity and vaccine development. PMID:26274396

  3. Binding Patterns of Rotavirus Genotypes P[4], P[6], and P[8] in China with Histo-Blood Group Antigens

    PubMed Central

    Ma, Xin; Li, Dan-di; Sun, Xiao-man; Guo, Yan-qing; Xiang, Jing-yao; Wang, Wei-huan; Zhang, Li-xia; Gu, Qing-jiu; Duan, Zhao-jun

    2015-01-01

    Rotaviruses (RVs) are an important cause of severe gastroenteritis in children. It has been found that RV may recognize the histo-blood group antigens (HBGAs) as ligands or receptors and bind HBGAs in a type-dependent manner. In this study, we investigated the binding specificity of VP8* proteins from human rotaviruses (RV) that are prevalent in China including genotypes P[4], P[6], and P[8]. Through the saliva- and oligosaccharide-based binding assays, we found that the VP8* proteins of P[4] and P[8] RV showed similar reactivity with the Leb and H type 1 antigens, while P[6] RV weakly bound the Leb antigen. These findings may facilitate further research into RV host specificity and vaccine development. PMID:26274396

  4. Do Children See the "Danger" in "Dangerous"? Grade 4, 6, and 8 Children's Reading of Morphologically Complex Words

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deacon, S. Helene; Whalen, Rachel; Kirby, John R.

    2011-01-01

    We examined whether Grade 4, 6, and 8 children access the base form when reading morphologically complex words. We asked children to read words varying systematically in the frequency of the surface and base forms and in the transparency of the base form. At all grade levels, children were faster at reading derived words with high rather than low…

  5. Nqrs Data for C8H9KO6 [C8H5KO4·2(H2O)] (Subst. No. 1092)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chihara, H.; Nakamura, N.

    This document is part of Subvolume A `Substances Containing Ag … C10H15' of Volume 48 `Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy Data' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group III `Condensed Matter'. It contains an extract of Section `3.2 Data tables' of the Chapter `3 Nuclear quadrupole resonance data' providing the NQRS data for C8H9KO6 [C8H5KO4·2(H2O)] (Subst. No. 1092)

  6. Cluster Chemistry in Electron-Poor Ae-Pt-Cd Systems (Ae=Ca, Sr, Ba): (Sr,Ba)Pt2Cd4, Ca6Pt8Cd16, and Its Known Antitype Er6Pd16Sb8

    SciTech Connect

    Samal, Saroj L.; Gulo, Fakhili; Corbett, John D.

    2013-02-18

    Three new ternary polar intermetallic compounds, cubic Ca6Pt8Cd16, and tetragonal (Sr, Ba)Pt2Cd4 have been discovered during explorations of the Ae–Pt–Cd systems. Cubic Ca6Pt8Cd16 (Fm-3m, Z = 4, a = 13.513(1) Å) contains a 3D array of separate Cd8 tetrahedral stars (TS) that are both face capped along the axes and diagonally bridged by Pt atoms to generate the 3D anionic network Cd8[Pt(1)]6/2[Pt(2)]4/8. The complementary cationic surface of the cell consists of a face-centered cube of Pt(3)@Ca6 octahedra. This structure is an ordered ternary variant of Sc11Ir4 (Sc6Ir8Sc16), a stuffed version of the close relative Na6Au7Cd16, and a network inverse of the recent Er6Sb8Pd16 (compare Ca6Pt8Cd16). The three groups of elements each occur in only one structural version. The new AePt2Cd4, Ae = Sr, Ba, are tetragonal (P42/mnm,Z = 2, a ≈ 8.30 Å, c ≈ 4.47 Å) and contain chains of edge-sharing Cd4 tetrahedra along c that are bridged by four-bonded Ba/Sr. LMTO-ASA and ICOHP calculation results and comparisons show that the major bonding (Hamilton) populations in Ca6Pt8Cd16 and Er6Sb8Pd16 come from polar Pt–Cd and Pd–Sb interactions, that Pt exhibits larger relativistic contributions than Pd, that characteristic size and orbital differences are most evident for Sb 5s, Pt8, and Pd16, and that some terms remain incomparable, Ca–Cd versus Er–Pd.

  7. Adsorption of 2,4,6,8,10,12-hexanitro-2,4,6,8,10,12-hexaazaisowurtzitane (CL-20) on a soil organic matter. A DFT M05 computational study.

    PubMed

    Sviatenko, Liudmyla K; Gorb, Leonid; Shukla, Manoj K; Seiter, Jennifer M; Leszczynska, Danuta; Leszczynski, Jerzy

    2016-04-01

    Adsorption of 2,4,6,8,10,12-hexanitro-2,4,6,8,10,12-hexaazaisowurtzitane (CL-20) by soil organic matter considering the Leonardite Humic Acid (LHA) model at the M05/tzvp level of Density Functional Theory (DFT) applying cluster approximation has been investigated. Different orientations of CL-20 toward LHA surface were examined. It was found that deprotonation of LHA is required to obtain stable complexes with CL-20. Hydrogen bonds between CL-20 and deprotonated LHA were analyzed applying the atoms in molecules (AIM) theory. An attachment or removal of an electron with respect to the complex does not have significant effect on mutual orientation of the adsorbent in complexes. It was shown that adsorbed CL-20 does not undergo redox transformation and, therefore, adsorption on soil organic matter may be responsible for decrease of the degradation rate of CL-20 in soil. PMID:26814703

  8. The thermodynamic properties of 4,5,9,10-tetrahydropyrene and 1,2,3,6,7,8-hexahydropyrene

    SciTech Connect

    Chirico, R.D.; Knipmeyer, S.E.; Nguyen, A.; Smith, N.K.; Steele, W.V.

    1992-12-01

    Measurements leading to the calculation of the ideal-gas thermodynamic properties are reported for 4,5,9,10-tetrahydropyrene and 1,2,3,6,7,8-hexahydropyrene. Experimental methods included combustion calorimetry, adiabatic heat-capacity calorimetry, vibrating-tube densitometry, comparative ebulliometry, inclined-piston gauge manometry, and differential-scanning calorimetry (d.s.c.). Critical properties were estimated for both materials based on the measurement results. Entropies, enthalpies, and Gibbs energies of formation were derived for the ideal gases for selected temperatures between 380 K and 700 K. The property-measurement results reported here for 4,5,9,10-tetrahydropyrene and 1,2,3,6,7,8-hexahydropyrene are the first for these important intermediates in the pyrene/H{sub 2} hydrogenation reaction network.

  9. Molecular structure and protonation trends in 6-methoxy- and 8-methoxy-2,4,5-tris(dimethylamino)quinolines

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dyablo, O. V.; Pozharskii, A. F.; Shmoilova, E. A.; Ozeryanskii, V. A.; Fedik, N. S.; Suponitsky, K. Yu.

    2016-03-01

    Molecular structure and protonation trends of 6-methoxy- 7 and 8-methoxy- 8 derivatives of 2,4,5-tris(dimethylamino)quinoline were studied using X-ray measurements, NMR spectra and theoretical calculations. It has been found that while 8 in the solid state forms protic salts of a quinolinium type, its isomer 7 behaves as a typical proton sponge giving the anilinium cation with a proton chelated by peri-NMe2 groups. In solution, both compounds are simultaneously monoprotonated at two possible centers but again a tendency of 7 to form anilinium cation is much higher if compared to 8. It has been also shown that basicity of 7 is the largest among all known derivatives of 4,5-bis(dimethylamino)quinoline and even slightly exceeds that of 1,8-bis(dimethylamino)naphthalene (parent proton sponge). This was attributed to the "buttressing effect" exhibited by the 6-MeO group. Stable double salts of 7 with picrate and perchlorate anions unprecedented for azines with conjugated aza and NMe2 groups were obtained and thoroughly studied.

  10. The crystal structure and morphology of 2,4,6,8,10,12-hexanitro-2,4,6,8,10,12-hexaazaisowurtzitane (CL-20) p-xylene solvate: a joint experimental and simulation study.

    PubMed

    Shen, Fanfan; Lv, Penghao; Sun, Chenghui; Zhang, Rubo; Pang, Siping

    2014-01-01

    The crystal structure of 2,4,6,8,10,12-hexanitro-2,4,6,8,10,12-hexaazaiso-wurtzitane (CL-20) p-xylene solvate, and the solvent effects on the crystal faces of CL-20 were studied through a combined experimental and theoretical method. The properties were analyzed by thermogravimetry-differential scanning calorimetry (TG-DSC), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD).The growth morphology of CL-20p-xylene solvate crystal was predicted with a modified attachment energy model. The crystal structure of CL-20p-xylene solvate belonged to the Pbca space group with the unit cell parameters, a=8.0704(12) Å, b=13.4095(20) Å, c=33.0817(49) Å, and Z=4, which indicated that the p-xylene solvent molecules could enter the crystal lattice of CL-20 and thus the CL-20 p-xylene solvate is formed. According to the solvent-effected attachment energy calculations, (002) and (11-1) faces should not be visible at all, while the percentage area of the (011) face could be increased from 7.81% in vacuum to 12.51% in p-xylene solution. The predicted results from the modified attachment energy model agreed very well with the observed morphology of crystals grown from p-xylene solution. PMID:25401400

  11. Silicon etch using SF{sub 6}/C{sub 4}F{sub 8}/Ar gas mixtures

    SciTech Connect

    Bates, Robert L.; Stephan Thamban, P. L.; Goeckner, Matthew J.; Overzet, Lawrence J.

    2014-07-01

    While plasmas using mixtures of SF{sub 6}, C{sub 4}F{sub 8}, and Ar are widely used in deep silicon etching, very few studies have linked the discharge parameters to etching results. The authors form such linkages in this report. The authors measured the optical emission intensities of lines from Ar, F, S, SF{sub x}, CF{sub 2}, C{sub 2}, C{sub 3}, and CS as a function of the percentage C{sub 4}F{sub 8} in the gas flow, the total gas flow rate, and the bias power. In addition, the ion current density and electron temperature were measured using a floating Langmuir probe. For comparison, trenches were etched of various widths and the trench profiles (etch depth, undercut) were measured. The addition of C{sub 4}F{sub 8} to an SF{sub 6}/Ar plasma acts to reduce the availability of F as well as increase the deposition of passivation film. Sulfur combines with carbon in the plasma efficiently to create a large optical emission of CS and suppress optical emissions from C{sub 2} and C{sub 3}. At low fractional flows of C{sub 4}F{sub 8}, the etch process appears to be controlled by the ion flux more so than by the F density. At large C{sub 4}F{sub 8} fractional flows, the etch process appears to be controlled more by the F density than by the ion flux or deposition rate of passivation film. CF{sub 2} and C{sub 2} do not appear to cause deposition from the plasma, but CS and other carbon containing molecules as well as ions do.

  12. 3,3,6,6,9,9-Hexaethyl-1,2,4,5,7,8-hexaoxacyclononane at 296 K.

    PubMed

    Cerna, Jorge; Bernès, Sylvain; Cañizo, Adriana; Eyler, Nora

    2009-11-01

    The title molecule (diethyl ketone triperoxide, DEKTP), C(15)H(30)O(6), is a cyclic triperoxide closely related to triacetone triperoxide (TATP), one of the most unstable explosives known. However, the stability of DEKTP is ca 20-50 times greater than that of TATP. DEKTP crystallizes with two molecules in the asymmetric unit, with virtually identical geometry. The cyclononane core is stabilized in a twisted boat-chair conformation (approximate D(3) symmetry), very close to that previously described for TATP. The explanation for the safe thermal behaviour of DEKTP compared with TATP should thus not be sought in the molecular dimensions, but rather in the thermal decomposition kinetics. PMID:19893236

  13. Km and kcat. values for [6,6,7,7-2H]7,8(6H)-dihydropterin and 2,6-diamino-5-iminopyrimidin-4-one with dihydropteridine reductase.

    PubMed Central

    Armarego, W L; Randles, D; Taguchi, H

    1983-01-01

    The Km and kcat. values for [6,6,7,7-2H]7,8(6H)-dihydropterin and 2,6-diamino-5-iminopyrimidin-4-one were determined for dihydropteridine reductase (EC 1.6.99.10) from two sources. The parameters of the pterin are of the same order as those of the most effective substrates of dihydropteridine reductase. The Km values of the pterin are one order of magnitude smaller than those of the pyrimidinone, although the kcat. values are of the same order. PMID:6870836

  14. One-step catalytic asymmetric synthesis of all-syn deoxypropionate motif from propylene: Total synthesis of (2R,4R,6R,8R)-2,4,6,8-tetramethyldecanoic acid.

    PubMed

    Ota, Yusuke; Murayama, Toshiki; Nozaki, Kyoko

    2016-03-15

    In nature, many complex structures are assembled from simple molecules by a series of tailored enzyme-catalyzed reactions. One representative example is the deoxypropionate motif, an alternately methylated alkyl chain containing multiple stereogenic centers, which is biosynthesized by a series of enzymatic reactions from simple building blocks. In organic synthesis, however, the majority of the reported routes require the syntheses of complex building blocks. Furthermore, multistep reactions with individual purifications are required at each elongation. Here we show the construction of the deoxypropionate structure from propylene in a single step to achieve a three-step synthesis of (2R,4R,6R,8R)-2,4,6,8-tetramethyldecanoic acid, a major acid component of a preen-gland wax of the graylag goose. To realize this strategy, we focused on the coordinative chain transfer polymerization and optimized the reaction condition to afford a stereo-controlled oligomer, which is contrastive to the other synthetic strategies developed to date that require 3-6 steps per unit, with unavoidable byproduct generation. Furthermore, multiple oligomers with different number of deoxypropionate units were isolated from one batch, showing application to the construction of library. Our strategy opens the door for facile synthetic routes toward other natural products that share the deoxypropionate motif. PMID:26908873

  15. Design of Mach-4 and Mach-6 Nozzles for the NASA LaRC 8-Ft High Temperature Tunnel

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gaffney, Richard L., Jr.

    2009-01-01

    The aerodynamic contours for two new nozzles have been designed for the NASA Langley Research Center 8-Foot High Temperature Tunnel. The new Mach-4 and Mach-6 contours have 54.5-inch exit-diameters allowing for testing at high dynamic pressures. The Mach-4 nozzle will extend the test capability of the facility and allow turbine-based combined-cycle propulsion systems to be tested at conditions appropriate for the transition from the turbine to the scramjet flowpath. The Mach-6 nozzle will serve a dual purpose; to provide a Mach-6 test capability at high dynamic pressure and to be used in conjunction with an existing mixer section for testing at lower enthalpy conditions. This second use will extend the life of the existing Mach-7 nozzle which has been used for this purpose. The two new nozzles, in conjunction with existing nozzles, will allow for testing at Mach numbers of 3, 4, 5 and 6 at high dynamic pressures, and Mach 4, 5 and 7 at lower dynamic pressures but larger scales.

  16. Selective detection of 2,4,6-trinitrophenol based on a fluorescent nanoscale bis(8-hydroxyquinoline) metal complex.

    PubMed

    Lv, Xiao-Jun; Qi, Liang; Gao, Xiang-Yu; Wang, Huan; Huo, Yuan; Zhang, Zhi-Qi

    2016-04-01

    The reliable and accurate detection of explosives such as 2,4,6-trinitrophenol (TNP) and 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) is in high demand for homeland security and public safety. Although extremely high sensitivity towards TNT has been demonstrated, detection of TNP remains a challenge. In this work, a fluorescent nanoscale complex composed of bis(8-hydroxyquinoline) and Al(3+) ions has been prepared, characterized and applied in detection of TNP. This complex exhibits the ability to sense the nitro explosive TNP via a fluorescence quenching mechanism with high selectivity. A simple paper test system for the rapid monitoring of TNP was also investigated. The results show that Bhq-Al is a quite ideal sensing material for trace-level detection of TNP. PMID:26838414

  17. A family of octahedral rhenium cluster complexes [Re6Q8(H2O)n(OH)6-n]n-4 (Q=S, Se; n=0-6): structural and pH-dependent spectroscopic studies.

    PubMed

    Brylev, Konstantin A; Mironov, Yuri V; Yarovoi, Spartak S; Naumov, Nikolai G; Fedorov, Vladimir E; Kim, Sung-Jin; Kitamura, Noboru; Kuwahara, Yusuke; Yamada, Konatsu; Ishizaka, Shoji; Sasaki, Yoichi

    2007-09-01

    The conversions of hexahydroxo rhenium cluster complexes [Re6Q8(OH)6]4- (Q=S, Se) in aqueous solutions in a wide pH range were investigated by chemical methods and spectroscopic measurements. Dependences of the spectroscopic and excited-state properties of the solutions on pH have been studied in detail. It has been found that a pH decrease of aqueous solutions of the potassium salts K4[Re6Q8(OH)6].8H2O (Q=S, Se) results in the formation of aquahydroxo and hexaaqua cluster complexes with the general formula [Re6Q8(H2O)n(OH)6-n]n-4 that could be considered as a result of the protonation of the terminal OH- ligands in the hexahydroxo complexes. The compounds K2[Re6S8(H2O)2(OH)4].2H2O (1), [Re6S8(H2O)4(OH)2].12H2O (2), [Re6S8(H2O)6][Re6S6Br8].10H2O (3), and [Re6Se8(H2O)4(OH)2] (4) have been isolated and characterized by X-ray single-crystal diffraction and elemental analyses and infrared (IR) spectroscopy. In crystal structures of the aquahydroxo complexes, the cluster units are connected to each other by an extensive system of very strong hydrogen bonds between terminal ligands. PMID:17676730

  18. The BPS spectrum of the 4d {N}=2 SCFT's H 1, H 2, D 4, E 6, E 7, E 8

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cecotti, Sergio; Del Zotto, Michele

    2013-06-01

    Extending results of 1112.3984, we show that all rank 1 {N}=2 SCFT's in the sequence H 1, H 2, D 4 E 6, E 7, E 8 have canonical finite BPS chambers containing precisely 2 h(F) = 12(∆ - 1) hypermultiplets. The BPS spectrum of the canonical BPS chambers saturates the conformal central charge c, and satisfies some intriguing numerology.

  19. Crystal structure of the co-crystalline adduct 1,3,6,8-tetra­aza­tri­cyclo­[4.4.1.13,8]dodecane (TATD)–4-bromo­phenol (1/2)

    PubMed Central

    Rivera, Augusto; Uribe, Juan Manuel; Rojas, Jicli José; Ríos-Motta, Jaime; Bolte, Michael

    2015-01-01

    The structure of the 1:2 co-crystalline adduct C8H16N4·2C6H5BrO, (I), from the solid-state reaction of 1,3,6,8-tetra­aza­tri­cyclo­[4.4.1.13,8]dodecane (TATD) and 4-bromo­phenol, has been determined. The asymmetric unit of the title co-crystalline adduct comprises a half mol­ecule of aminal cage polyamine plus a 4-bromo­phenol mol­ecule. A twofold rotation axis generates the other half of the adduct. The primary inter-species association in the title compound is through two inter­molecular O—H⋯N hydrogen bonds. In the crystal, the adducts are linked by weak non-conventional C—H⋯O and C—H⋯Br hydrogen bonds, giving a two-dimensional supra­molecular structure parallel to the bc plane. PMID:25995856

  20. Isomorphous Substitution of Rare-Earth Elements in Lacunary Apatite Pb8Na2(PO4)6.

    PubMed

    Get'man, Evgeni I; Loboda, Stanislav N; Ignatov, Alexey V; Prisedsky, Vadim V; Abdul Jabar, Mohammed A B; Ardanova, Lyudmyla I

    2016-03-01

    The substitution of rare-earth elements (REEs) for Pb in the lacunary apatite Pb8Na2(PO4)6 with void structural channels was studied by means of powder X-ray diffraction (including the Rietveld refinement), scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray microanalysis, and IR spectroscopy and also measurements of the electrical conductivity. The substitution limits (xmax in Pb8-xLnxNa2(PO4)6Ox/2) at 800 °C were found to decrease with the atomic number of the REE from 1.40 for La to 0.12 for Yb with a rapid drop from light to heavy lanthanides (between Gd and Tb). The REE atoms substitute for Pb predominantly at Pb2 sites of the apatite structure according to the scheme 2Pb(2+) + □ → 2Ln(3+) + O(2-), where □ is a vacancy in the structural channel. The substitution in lacunary apatite produces quite different changes in the structural parameters compared with broadly studied alkaline-earth hydroxyapatites. In spite of the much lower ionic radii of REE than that of Pb(2+), the mean distances ⟨Pb1-O⟩ somewhat increase, whereas the distances ⟨Pb2-Pb2⟩ and ⟨Pb2-O4⟩ do not change considerably with the degree of substitution. This implies control of the substitution by not only spatial and charge accommodation of REE ions but also the availability of a stereochemically active 6s(2) electron pair on Pb(2+). The high-temperature electrical conductivity shows dependence on the degree of substitution with a minimum at x = 0.2 indicative of a possible change of the type of conductivity. PMID:26871754

  1. Validating Geant4 Versions 7.1 and 8.3 Against 6.1 for BaBar

    SciTech Connect

    Banerjee, Swagato; Brown, David N.; Chen, Chunhui; Cote, David; Dubois-Felsmann, Gregory P.; Gaponenko, Igor; Kim, Peter C.; Lockman, William S.; Neal, Homer A.; Simi, Gabriele; Telnov, Alexandre V.; Wright, Dennis H.; /SLAC

    2011-11-08

    Since 2005 and 2006, respectively, Geant4 versions 7.1 and 8.3 have been available, providing: improvements in modeling of multiple scattering; corrections to muon ionization and improved MIP signature; widening of the core of electromagnetic shower shape profiles; newer implementation of elastic scattering for hadronic processes; detailed implementation of Bertini cascade model for kaons and lambdas, and updated hadronic cross-sections from calorimeter beam tests. The effects of these changes in simulation are studied in terms of closer agreement of simulation using Geant4 versions 7.1 and 8.3 as compared to Geant4 version 6.1 with respect to data distributions of: the hit residuals of tracks in BABAR silicon vertex tracker; the photon and K{sub L}{sup 0} shower shapes in the electromagnetic calorimeter; the ratio of energy deposited in the electromagnetic calorimeter and the flux return of the magnet instrumented with a muon detection system composed of resistive plate chambers and limited-streamer tubes; and the muon identification efficiency in the muon detector system of the BABAR detector.

  2. 1,5,2,4,6,8-Dithiatetrazocine. Synthesis, computation, crystallography and voltammetry of the parent heterocycle.

    PubMed

    Moock, Klaus H; Wong, Ken M; Boeré, René T

    2011-11-21

    The prototypal 1,5,2,4,6,8-dithiatetrazocine has been synthesized for the first time by two routes: reaction of 1,2,3,5-dithiadiazolium chloride with N,N,N'-tris(trimethylsilyl)formamidine in acetonitrile and reaction of 1,2,3,5-dithiadiazolyl radical with dioxygen in solution. Yields are low but single crystals could be obtained for an X-ray crystal structure determination which shows it to have the planar delocalized structure predicted by B3LYP/6-311+G(2d,p) hybrid DFT calculations. The crystal structure is strongly reminiscent of that of benzene in the same Pbca space group. Aromaticity is demonstrated by a (1)H NMR chemical shift of +9.70 ppm indicative of diamagnetic ring shielding and an intense low-energy optical absorption with λ(max) = 349 nm (MeOH). The voltammetric behaviour of the title compound is compared with that of 1,3λ(4)δ(2),5,2,4-trithiadiazepine; both resist electrochemical oxidation and reduction over a wide potential range as is typical for aromatic heterocycles. PMID:21956480

  3. 3,3,6,6-Tetra­methyl-9-[6-(3,3,6,6-tetra­methyl-1,8-dioxo-2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9-octa­hydro-1H-xanthen-9-yl)pyridin-2-yl]-2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9-octa­hydro-1H-xanthene-1,8-dione

    PubMed Central

    Abdelhamid, Antar A.; Mohamed, Shaaban Kamel; Allahverdiyev, Mirze A.; Gurbanov, Atash V.; Ng, Seik Weng

    2011-01-01

    In the title mol­ecule, C39H45NO6, the two tetra­methyl­octa­hydroxanthen-1,8-dione substituents are arranged approximately parallel to each other and approximately perpendicular to the plane of the pyridine ring. The six-membered xanthene rings adopt flattened boat conformations with the O and methine C atoms deviating from the plane of the other four atoms. PMID:21754076

  4. Reactivity of CuI and CuBr toward dialkyl sulfides RSR: from discrete molecular Cu4I4S4 and Cu8I8S6 clusters to luminescent copper(I) coordination polymers.

    PubMed

    Knorr, Michael; Bonnot, Antoine; Lapprand, Antony; Khatyr, Abderrahim; Strohmann, Carsten; Kubicki, Marek M; Rousselin, Yoann; Harvey, Pierre D

    2015-04-20

    The 1D coordination polymer (CP) [(Me2S)3{Cu2(μ-I)2}]n (1) is formed when CuI reacts with SMe2 in n-heptane, whereas in acetonitrile (MeCN), the reaction forms exclusively the 2D CP [(Me2S)3{Cu4(μ-I)4}]n (2) containing "flower-basket" Cu4I4 units. The reaction product of CuI with MeSEt is also solvent-dependent, where the 1D polymer [(MeSEt)2{Cu4(μ3-I)2(μ2-I)2}(MeCN)2]n (3) containing "stepped-cubane" Cu4I4 units is isolated in MeCN. In contrast, the reaction in n-heptane affords the 1D CP [(MeSEt)3{Cu4(μ3-I)4}]n (4) containing "closed-cubane" Cu4I4 clusters. The reaction of MeSPr with CuI provides the structurally related 1D CP [(MeSPr)3{Cu4(μ3-I)4}]n (5), for which the X-ray structure has been determined at 115, 155, 195, 235, and 275 K, addressing the evolution of the metric parameters. Similarly to 4 and the previously reported CP [(Et2S)3{Cu4(μ3-I)4}]n (Inorg. Chem. 2010, 49, 5834), the 1D chain is built upon closed cubanes Cu4(μ3-I)4 as secondary building units (SBUs) interconnected via μ-MeSPr ligands. The 0D tetranuclear clusters [(L)4{Cu4(μ3-I)4}] [L = EtSPr (6), Pr2S (7)] respectively result from the reaction of CuI with EtSPr and n-Pr2S. With i-Pr2S, the octanuclear cluster [(i-Pr2S)6{Cu8(μ3-I)3}(μ4-I)2}] (8) is formed. An X-ray study has also been performed at five different temperatures for the 2D polymer [(Cu3Br3)(MeSEt)3]n (9) formed from the reaction between CuBr and MeSEt in heptane. The unprecedented framework of 9 consists of layers with alternating Cu(μ2-Br)2Cu rhomboids, which are connected through two μ-MeSEt ligands to tetranuclear open-cubane Cu4Br4 SBUs. MeSPr forms with CuBr in heptane the 1D CP [(Cu3Br3)(MeSPr)3]n (10), which is converted to a 2D metal-organic framework [(Cu5Br5)(μ2-MeSPr)3]n (11) incorporating pentanuclear [(Cu5(μ4-Br)(μ2-Br)] SBUs when recrystallized in MeCN. The thermal stability and photophysical properties of these materials are also reported. PMID:25844659

  5. 4,10-Dinitro-2,6,8,12-tetraoxa-4,10-diazatetracyclo[5.5.0.05,903,11]dodecane Synthesis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maksimowski, Paweł; Gołofit, Tomasz

    2013-07-01

    4,10-Dinitro-2,6,8,12-tetraoxa-4,10-diazatetracyclo[5.5.0.05,903,11]dodecane (TEX) was obtained by nitrolysis of 1,4-diformyl-2,3,5,6-tetrahydroxypiperazine reaction using a mixture of fuming nitric acid and concentrated sulfuric acid. The optimal process temperature was 54-56°C. The yield of the synthesis depends inter alia on the rate the reactants are introduced into the reaction medium and on the time of conditioning of the reaction mixture. A maximal yield of ca. 40% was achieved at the reactant addition time of 2 h and conditioning time of 2 h. None of the other nitrating mixtures examined proved superior to the conventional nitrating mixture. The product was examined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) techniques and the results are reported.

  6. Elevated Temperature Deformation of Fe-39.8Al and Fe-15.6Mn-39.4Al

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Whittenberger, J. Daniel

    2004-01-01

    The elevated temperature compressive properties of binary Fe-39.8 at % Al and Fe-15.6Mn-39.4Al have been measured between 1000 and 1300 K at strain rates between 10(exp 7) and 10(exp 3)/ s. Although the Mn addition to iron aluminide did not change the basic deformation characteristics, the Mn-modified alloy was slightly weaker. In the regime where deformation of FeAl occurs by a high stress exponent mechanism (n = 6), strength increases as the grain size decreases at least for diameters between approx. 200 and approx. 10 microns. Due to the limitation in the grain size-flow stress-temperature-strain rate database, the influence of further reductions of the grain size on strength is uncertain. Based on the appearance of subgrains in deformed iron aluminide, the comparison of grain diameters to expected subgrain sizes, and the grain size exponent and stress exponent calculated from deformation experiments, it is believed that grain size strengthening is the result of an artificial limitation on subgrain size as proposed by Sherby, Klundt and Miller.

  7. 5,5'-Di-tert-butyl-2,2'-dihydroxy-3,3'-methylenedibenzaldehyde and 6,6'-di-tert-butyl-8,8'-methylenebis(spiro[4H-1,3-benzodioxin-2,1'-cyclohexane]).

    PubMed

    Masci, Bernardo; Mortera, Stefano Levi; Seralessandri, Luca; Thuéry, Pierre

    2004-02-01

    Two related compounds containing p-tert-butyl-o-methylene-linked phenol or phenol-derived subunits are described, namely 5,5'-di-tert-butyl-2,2'-dihydroxy-3,3'-methylenedibenzaldehyde, C(23)H(28)O(4), (I), and 6,6'-di-tert-butyl-8,8'-methylenebis(spiro[4H-1,3-benzodioxin-2,1'-cyclohexane]), C(35)H(48)O(4), (II). Both compounds adopt a 'butterfly' shape, with the two phenol or phenol-derived O atoms in distal positions. Phenol and aldehyde groups in (I) are involved in intramolecular hydrogen bonds and the two dioxin rings in (II) are in distorted half-chair conformations. PMID:14767128

  8. 4-Imino-2,7-dimethyl-5,6,7,8-tetra-hydro-4H-1-benzothieno[2,3-d]pyrimidin-3-amine.

    PubMed

    Kalashetti, Mallikarjun B; Fathima, Nikhath; Khan, Ashraf Y; Begum, Noor Shahina; Khazi, I M

    2012-08-01

    In the title compound, C(12)H(16)N(4)S, the fused benzothio-phene and the pyrimidine rings are coplanar [dihedral angle = 1.61 (6)°]. Three C atoms of the cyclohexene ring (at positions 3, 6 and 7) are disordered over two sites with an occupancy ratio of 0.702 (8):0.298 (8). The cyclo-hexene ring in both the major and minor components adopts a half-chair conformation. The crystal structure is stabilized by N-H⋯N and C-H⋯N inter-actions, resulting in the formation of inversion dimers with R(2) (2)(10) and R(2) (2)(12) graph-set motifs. PMID:22904911

  9. Discovery of novel 5,6,7,8-tetrahydro[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyridine derivatives as γ-secretase modulators (Part 2).

    PubMed

    Takai, Takafumi; Koike, Tatsuki; Nakamura, Minoru; Kajita, Yuichi; Yamashita, Toshiro; Taya, Naohiro; Tsukamoto, Tetsuya; Watanabe, Tomomichi; Murakami, Koji; Igari, Tomoko; Kamata, Makoto

    2016-07-15

    γ-Secretase modulators (GSMs), which lower pathogenic amyloid beta (Aβ) without affecting the production of total Aβ or Notch signal, have emerged as a potential therapeutic agent for Alzheimer's disease (AD). A novel series of 5,6,7,8-tetrahydro[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyridine derivatives was discovered and characterized as GSMs. Optimization of substituents at the 8-position of the core scaffold using ligand-lipophilicity efficiency (LLE) as a drug-likeness guideline led to identification of various types of high-LLE GSMs. Phenoxy compound (R)-17 exhibited especially high LLE as well as potent in vivo Aβ42-lowering effect by single administration. Furthermore, multiple oral administration of (R)-17 significantly reduced soluble and insoluble brain Aβ42, and ameliorated cognitive deficit in novel object recognition test (NORT) using Tg2576 mice as an AD model. PMID:27255179

  10. Temperature-dependent framework–template interaction of |Na{sub 6}(H{sub 2}O){sub 8}|[ZnPO{sub 4}]{sub 6} sodalite

    SciTech Connect

    Robben, Lars Gesing, Thorsten M.

    2013-11-15

    The partial dehydration followed by the decomposition of sodium-zincophosphate-hydrosodalite caused by the total water loss was examined by temperature-dependent X-ray powder diffraction, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopy as well as thermogravimetry combined with difference thermoanalysis. The dehydration causing the decomposition of this sodalite could be described in a two step-process. Initially two water molecules per unit-cell were lost, changing the interaction between the zincophosphate framework and the remaining water molecules as well as sodium cations as non-framework constituents. In this stage a 3+3 coordination of water molecules and sodium cations in the sodalite cage is observed. Using the autocorrelation function (AC) for the evaluation of the temperature-dependent FTIR spectra of sodalites is reported here for the first time. Calculating the changes in the AC broadness, structural features could well be analyzed due to its correlation with respective structural parameters. Temperature dependent Raman data was used to give a band assignment of bands at Raman shifts below 300 cm{sup −1}. - Graphical abstract: The thermal decomposition of |Na{sub 6}(H{sub 2}O){sub 8}|[ZnPO{sub 4}]{sub 6} sodalite is a two-step process with an initial loss of two water molecules at 400 K, intermediately stabilizing the highly stressed framework. Further heating leads to a subsequent loss of the remaining six water molecules and a breakup of the sodalite framework. A beryllonite-type NaZnPO{sub 4} is the final product of this process. Display Omitted - Highlights: • The decomposition of |Na{sub 6}(H{sub 2}O){sub 8}|[ZnPO{sub 4}]{sub 6} sodalite is a two-step process. • Initial loss of two water molecule at 400 K stabilizes the sodalite (step 1). • Further heating leads to complete loss of water and structural breakdown. • Autocorrelation of temperature dependent FTIR-spectra gives structural information.

  11. Comparison of data and model simulations over 4, 6, 8 and 10 ka snapshots at high-southern latitudes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stenni, Barbara; Mathiot, Pierre; Crosta, Xavier; Braida, Martina; Mezgec, Karin; Goosse, Hugues; Renssen, Hans; Masson-Delmotte, Valerie

    2013-04-01

    Paleotemperature reconstructions from Antarctic ice cores rely mainly on δD and δ18O records, with the main key factors controlling their observed distribution in Antarctic surface snow being related to the condensation temperature of the precipitation and the origin of the moisture. Reconstructions of past sea-surface temperatures (SST) and sea ice cover (SIC) from marine cores at high southern latitudes mainly rely on diatom-based transfer functions and on the TEX86 proxy for temperature. However, quantitative records of SST and SIC are concentrated in the mid-latitudes of the Southern Ocean and only few records exist in the Antarctic coastal areas. In the framework of the ESF PolarCLIMATE programme, the HOLOCLIP project aims to bring together the ice core, the marine core and the modelling scientific communities to understand the processes linking different components of the Antarctic climate system and linking climatic response to external forcing over the Holocene. In this study, we analyse the comparison between the paleoclimate information derived from both Antarctic ice cores and southern high latitude marine cores, and model simulations performed with the LOVECLIM model using a data assimilation method over different snapshots: 4, 6, 8 and 10 ka BP. The snapshot simulations are in general agreement with the temperature reconstructions from the proxy records. Particularly, snapshot simulations capture the cooling from 10 to 8 ka observed in some ice core and marine records. This cooling is related to the coupled impact of high-latitude atmospheric circulation changes and enhanced freshwater melting from the WAIS.

  12. Correction of aspect ratio dependency in deep silicon etch using SF6/C4F8/Ar gas mixture

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bates, Robert Lee

    The etch rate of deep features in silicon, such as trenches and vias, can vary significantly with the changing Aspect Ratio (AR) of the feature. Developing a better understanding of the complex volumetric and surface chemistry as well as the etching mechanisms controlling the Aspect Ratio Dependent Etch-rate (ARDE) continues to present research opportunities. Recall that ARDE is generally characterized by small AR features etching at faster rates than large AR features. The main causes of ARDE include Knudsen transport of neutrals into and out of the features as well as ion and neutral loss to the walls due to angular spread in the velocity distribution function and differential charging of insulating microstructures. This work focuses on using a continuous plasma process utilizing a gas mixture of SF6/C4F8/Ar to produce trenches of varying widths and depths. The experimental results were obtained using a Plasma-Therm Versaline processing system. Experiments were performed to show that the etch rate of low AR features can be reduced through the deposition of a passivation layer and thereby allow larger AR features to catch up. It is also possible to invert the ARDE in certain circumstances. We will present the insights we have gained into the ARDE process and the solutions we have tested.

  13. Gold(I)-catalyzed cycloisomerization of alkynyl hydroxyallyl tosylamides to 4-oxa-6-azatricyclo[3.3.0.0(2,8)]octanes.

    PubMed

    Park, Yujung; Kim, Sun Young; Park, Ji Hoon; Cho, Jieun; Kang, Youn Kyung; Chung, Young Keun

    2011-05-14

    Reaction of alkyne allyl alcohols tethered with N-(p-tolylsulfonamide) in the presence of a cationic gold(I) catalyst gave new cycloisomerization products, 4-oxa-6-azatricyclo[3.3.0.0(2,8)]octanes. PMID:21448474

  14. Synthesis and biological evaluation of a novel series of 6,8-dibromo-4(3H)quinazolinone derivatives as anticancer agents.

    PubMed

    Ahmed, Marwa F; Youns, Mahmoud

    2013-08-01

    Three novel series of 6,8-dibromo-4(3H)quinazolinone derivatives were synthesized. Some of the novel quinazolinone derivatives were tested for their antitumor activity against the human breast carcinoma cell line MCF-7. Compounds XIIIb, IX, XIVd, XIVb, XIVe, XIIIa, XIVc, XVc, and XIVa exerted powerful cytotoxic effects against the MCF7 cells, with very low IC50 values compared to doxorubicin (positive control). The IC50 values were 1.7, 1.8, 1.83, 5.4, 6.84, 10.8, 13.9, 15.7, and 29.6 µg/mL, respectively. PMID:23873839

  15. Vibration-rotation-torsion analysis of the high resolution infrared spectrum of C 2H 6 between 1330 and 1610 cm -1: The ν6, ν8, ν4 + ν12, 2 ν4 + ν9 interacting system and hot transitions from ν4 to ν4 + ν8

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lattanzi, F.; Lauro, C. di; Vander Auwera, J.

    2008-04-01

    The room temperature spectrum of ethane in the region of the ν6 and ν8 fundamentals, between 1330 and 1610 cm -1, has been re-investigated at a resolution of 0.002 cm -1. It is shown that the complex spectral structure with numerous strong local perturbations, which had hindered a global analysis of this region until now, is caused by a network of l-type resonances acting within the Fermi (or torsional-Coriolis) coupled system ν8, ν4 + ν12. The x, y-Coriolis interaction between ν6 and ν8 and vibration-rotation interactions between ν6 and 2 ν4 + ν9 also generate relevant effects on the spectrum. With an appropriate Hamiltonian model accounting for all these effects, we could fit 1814 upper state level energies belonging to ν6, ν8 and ν4 + ν12 with an overall RMS deviation better than 3.8 × 10 -3 cm -1. The determined values of the intrinsic torsional splittings in the different vibrational states are in agreement with the theoretical expectations. The intrinsic torsional splitting almost vanishes in ν8, as in digermane and disilane; it is slightly larger in ν4 + ν12 than in ν4, due to the decrease of the torsional barrier height with the excitation of ν12. For the 2 ν4 + ν9 state, the determined values of the vibrational origin and torsional splittings are in good agreement with the large increase of the torsional barrier height expected with the excitation of the ν9 mode. Several hot transitions originating from the v 4 = 1 torsional state have been observed. An analysis of 294 line positions belonging to the ( ν4 + ν8) - ν4 hot band has been performed, leading to a fit with a RMS deviation of 5.1 × 10 -3 cm -1. It is shown that a complex network of l-type resonances is also active in the ν4 + ν8,2 ν4 + ν12 system.

  16. Bulk deformation of Ti-6.8Mo-4.5Fe-1.5Al (timetal LCB) alloy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weiss, I.; Srinivasan, R.; Saqib, M.; Stefansson, N.; Jackson, A. G.; Leclair, S. R.

    1996-06-01

    Recently, a low-cost near-β titanium alloy (Timetal LCB Ti-6.8Mo-4.5Fe-l.5Al wt %) containing iron and molybdenum has been developed. This alloy is cold formable in the β microstructure and can be aged to high strengths by precipitating the a phase. Due to its combination of cold formability and high strength, the alloy is a potential replacement for steel components in the automotive industry. The current study was undertaken to evaluate the cold bulk forming characteristics of Timetal LCB for use in lightweight automotive applications. Room-temperature compression tests conducted over a strain-rate range of 0.01 to 5/s indicate that the bulk cold compression of the alloy is affected by two factors: the microstructure and the length-to-diameter aspect ratio of the specimen. In the aged condition, when the microstructure has a-phase particles distributed along flow lines in the β-phase matrix, the alloy has the propensity for shear failure when deformed in compression in a direction parallel to the flow lines. In the solution-heat-treated condition, the microstructure consists of β grains with athermal ω phase. In this condition, the alloy can be cold compressed to 75 % reduction in height using specimens with aspect ratio of 1.125, but fails by shear for a larger aspect ratio of 1.5. Plastic deformation of the material occurs initially by single slip in most grains, but changes to multiple slip at true plastic strains larger than about 0.15. At a slow strain rate, the deformation is uniform, and the material work hardens continuously. At high strain rates, shear bands develop, and the localized deformation and temperature rise due to deformation heating leads to flow softening during compression. Although there is a considerable rise in temperature (200 to 500 °) during deformation, precipitation of the a phase was not observed.

  17. Theoretical vibrations of carbon chains C3, C4, C5, C6, C7, C8, and C9

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kurtz, Joe; Adamowicz, Ludwik

    1991-01-01

    The MBPT (2) procedure with the 6-31g (asterisk) basis set was used to study nearly linear carbon chains. The theoretical vibrational frequencies of the molecules C3 through C9 are presented and, for C3 through C6, compared to experimental stretching frequencies and their (C-13)/(C-12) isotopomers. Predictions for C7, C8, and C9 stretching frequencies are calculated by directly scaling the theoretical frequencies with factors derived from experimental-to-theoretical ratios known for the smaller molecules.

  18. Design, Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of 5-Oxo-1,4,5,6,7,8 Hexahydroquinoline Derivatives as Selective Cyclooxygenase-2 Inhibitors

    PubMed Central

    Zarghi, Afshin; Sabakhi, Iman; Topuzyan, Vigen; Hajimahdi, Zahra; Daraie, Bahram

    2014-01-01

    A group of regioisomeric 5-oxo-1,4,5,6,7,8 hexahydroquinoline derivatives possessing a COX-2 SO2Me pharmacophore at the para position of the C-2 or C-4 phenyl ring, in conjunction with a C-4 or C-2 phenyl (4-H) or substituted-phenyl ring (4-F,4-Cl,4-Br,4-OMe,4-Me, 4-NO2), were designed for evaluation as selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors. These target 5-oxo-1,4,5,6,7,8 hexahydroquinolines were synthesized via a Hansch condensation reaction. In vitro COX-1/COX-2 isozyme inhibition structure-activity studies identified 7,8-dihydro- 7,7-dimethyl-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-4-(4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl)quinolin-5(1H,4H,6H)- one (9c) as a potent COX-2 inhibitor (IC50 = 0.17 M) with a high COX-2 selectivity index (S.I. = 97.6) comparable to the reference drug celecoxib (COX-2 IC50 = 0.05 mM; COX-2 S.I= 405). A molecular modeling study where 9c was docked in active site of COX-2 showed that the p-SO2Me substituent on the C-2 phenyl ring is inserted into the secondary COX-2 binding site. The structure activity data acquired indicate that the position of the COX-2 SO2Me pharmacophore and type of substituent are important for COX-2 inhibitory activity. PMID:24711830

  19. Site characterization plan: Yucca Mountain Site, Nevada Research and Development Area, Nevada: Volume 6, Part B: Chapter 8, Sections 8.3.2 through 8.3.4.4

    SciTech Connect

    1988-12-01

    This site characterization plan (SCP) has been developed for the candidate repository site at Yucca Mountain in the State of Nevada. The SCP includes a description of the Yucca Mountain site (Chapters 1-5), a conceptual design for the repository (Chapter 6), a description of the packaging to be used for the waste to be emplaced in the repository (Chapter 7), and a description of the planned site characterization activities (Chapter 8). The schedules and milestones presented in Sections 8.3 and 8.5 of the SCP were developed to be consistent with the June 1988 draft Amendment to the DOE`s Mission Plan for the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Program. The five month delay in the scheduled start of exploratory shaft construction that was announced recently is not reflected in these schedules. 35 figs., 70 tabs.

  20. Proceedings of the International Conference on Educational Data Mining (EDM) (4th, Eindhoven, the Netherlands, July 6-8, 2011)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pechenizkiy, Mykola; Calders, Toon; Conati, Cristina; Ventura, Sebastian; Romero, Cristobal; Stamper, John

    2011-01-01

    The 4th International Conference on Educational Data Mining (EDM 2011) brings together researchers from computer science, education, psychology, psychometrics, and statistics to analyze large datasets to answer educational research questions. The conference, held in Eindhoven, The Netherlands, July 6-9, 2011, follows the three previous editions…

  1. Extended analysis of the high resolution spectrum of C2H6 near 7 μm: the ν6, ν8, ν4 + ν12, 2ν4 + ν9 vibrational system, and associated hot transitions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lattanzi, F.; di Lauro, C.; Vander Auwera, J.

    2011-09-01

    The room temperature high resolution infrared spectrum of C2H6 between 1330 and 1610 cm-1, the region of the ν6 and ν8 fundamentals, has been re-investigated owing to the relevance of this spectral region in atmospheric and planetary applied research. The assignments of transitions from the ground vibrational state to the upper states ν6, ν8, ν4 + ν12 and 2ν4 + ν9 (4592 in total) and from the lower state ν4 to the upper state ν4 + ν8 (1090 lines) have been considerably extended with respect to our previous work [F. Lattanzi, C. di Lauro and J. Vander Auwera, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 248 (2008) 134-145], especially for the hot transitions. In particular, three new series of perturbation activated transitions were found, with ΔK = ±2, made observable by the resonance of the type l(Δl = ±2, ΔK = ∓1) within ν8. Also, new P-transitions to ν6 were found, made observable by the x,y-Coriolis resonance with ν8, at the values of K from 15 to 18. The extension of the assignments in the high frequency wing of ν8 and their analysis allowed the discovery of two additional resonance interactions. The first interaction, a higher order Coriolis-type between ν8(±K, l = ±1) and ν6(±K ± 2, l = 0), induces a few detectable transitions to ν6 with ΔK = 3. The second interaction, of the type l(Δl = ±2, ΔK = ∓1), comes to resonance between ν8(k = ±19, l = ±1) and 2ν4 + ν9 (k = ±20, l = ∓1). This last resonance and the x,y-Coriolis resonance of ν6 and 2ν4 + ν9 allows one to observe several transitions to the 2ν4 + ν9 vibrational state. The extension of the assignments in the (ν4 + ν8) - ν4 hot band allowed discovery of a resonance interaction of the type l(Δl = ±2, ΔK = ∓1) between the states ν4 + ν8 and 2ν4 + ν12, in addition to their well known Fermi-type interaction. The K-values before and after the level crossing could be determined for both interactions. Better values were also determined for the J-structure parameters B, DJ and

  2. 6 CFR 5.8 - Business information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... requirements of Executive Order 12600 (3 CFR, 1988 Comp., p. 235); or (4) The designation made by the submitter... 6 Domestic Security 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Business information. 5.8 Section 5.8 Domestic... Freedom of Information Act § 5.8 Business information. (a) In general. Business information obtained...

  3. 6 CFR 5.8 - Business information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... requirements of Executive Order 12600 (3 CFR, 1988 Comp., p. 235); or (4) The designation made by the submitter... 6 Domestic Security 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Business information. 5.8 Section 5.8 Domestic... Freedom of Information Act § 5.8 Business information. (a) In general. Business information obtained...

  4. 6 CFR 5.8 - Business information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... requirements of Executive Order 12600 (3 CFR, 1988 Comp., p. 235); or (4) The designation made by the submitter... 6 Domestic Security 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Business information. 5.8 Section 5.8 Domestic... Freedom of Information Act § 5.8 Business information. (a) In general. Business information obtained...

  5. 6 CFR 5.8 - Business information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... requirements of Executive Order 12600 (3 CFR, 1988 Comp., p. 235); or (4) The designation made by the submitter... 6 Domestic Security 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Business information. 5.8 Section 5.8 Domestic... Freedom of Information Act § 5.8 Business information. (a) In general. Business information obtained...

  6. 6 CFR 5.8 - Business information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... requirements of Executive Order 12600 (3 CFR, 1988 Comp., p. 235); or (4) The designation made by the submitter... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Business information. 5.8 Section 5.8 Domestic... Freedom of Information Act § 5.8 Business information. (a) In general. Business information obtained...

  7. Theoretical investigation of a novel high density cage compound 4,8,11,14,15-pentanitro-2,6,9,13-tetraoxa-4,8,11,14,15-pentaazaheptacyclo[5.5.1.1(3,11).1(5,9)] pentadecane.

    PubMed

    Lin, He; Zhu, Shun-guan; Zhang, Lin; Peng, Xin-hua; Chen, Peng-yuan; Li, Hong-zhen

    2013-03-01

    A novel polynitro cage compound 4,8,11,14,15-pentanitro-2,6,9,13-tetraoxa-4,8,11,14,15-pentaazaheptacyclo [5.5.1.1(3,11).1(5,9)]pentadecane(PNTOPAHP) has been designed and investigated at the DFT-B3LYP/6-31(d) level. Properties, such as electronic structure, IR spectrum, heat of formation, thermodynamic properties and crystal structure have been predicted. This compound is most likely to crystallize in C2/c space group, and the corresponding cell parameters are Z = 8, a = 29.78 Å, b = 6.42 Å, c = 32.69 Å, α = 90.00°, β = 151.05°, γ = 90.00° and ρ = 1.94 g/cm(3). In addition, the detonation velocity and pressure have also been calculated by the empirical Kamlet-Jacobs equation. As a result, the detonation velocity and pressure of this compound are 9.82 km/s, 44.67 GPa, respectively, a little higher than those of 4,10-dinitro-2,6,8,12-tetraoxa-4,10-diazaisowurtzitane(TEX, 9.28 km/s, 40.72 GPa). This compound has a comparable chemical stability to TEX, based on the N-NO(2) trigger bond length analysis. The bond dissociation energy ranges from 153.09 kJ mol(-1) to 186.04 kJ mol(-1), which indicates that this compound meets the thermal stability requirement as an exploitable HEDM. PMID:23111684

  8. Synthesis, optical and photoelectrical characterizations of the novel 10-chloro-6H,8H-dichromeno[2,3-b:3‧,4‧-e]pyridine-6,8-dione (CDPD) and its photodiode application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ibrahim, Magdy A.; Farag, A. A. M.; Roushdy, N.; El-Gohary, Nasser M.

    2016-01-01

    Friedländer condensation of 2-amino-6-chlorochromone-3-carboxaldehyde (1) with 4-hydroxycoumarin (2) under basic conditions afforded 10-chloro-6H,8H-dichromeno[2,3-b:3‧,4‧-e]pyridine-6,8-dione (3) (CDPD). Structure of CDPD was deduced based on its correct elemental analysis and spectral data (IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and mass spectra). Crystalline structure by using X-ray diffraction confirms a polycrystalline nature of the powder and films with monoclinic system. A flower-like morphology was resolved for the high magnification images of scanning electron microscopy. Three direct optical band gaps were obtained and found to be 1.17, 2.24 and 3.40 eV, respectively. A sharp single peak of photoluminescence in the visible region was observed and centered at around 683 nm as well as another two peaks at 417 and 386 nm. Rectification characteristics of the device based CDPD indicates that the device behaves as a diode. A maximum value of photosensitivity of the device was obtained under effect of 60 mW/cm2 and bias voltage of 1.25 V. The phototransient characteristics of the device confirm that the device can be operated as a photodiode.

  9. Atmospheric histories and growth trends of C4F10, C5F12, C6F14, C7F16 and C8F18

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ivy, D. J.; Arnold, T.; Harth, C. M.; Steele, L. P.; Mühle, J.; Rigby, M.; Salameh, P. K.; Leist, M.; Krummel, P. B.; Fraser, P. J.; Weiss, R. F.; Prinn, R. G.

    2012-05-01

    Atmospheric observations and trends are presented for the high molecular weight perfluorocarbons (PFCs): decafluorobutane (C4F10), dodecafluoropentane (C5F12), tetradecafluorohexane (C6F14), hexadecafluoroheptane (C7F16) and octadecafluorooctane (C8F18). Their atmospheric histories are based on measurements of 36 Northern Hemisphere and 46 Southern Hemisphere archived air samples collected between 1973 to 2011 using the Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment (AGAGE) "Medusa" preconcentration gas chromatography-mass spectrometry systems. A new calibration scale was prepared for each PFC, with estimated accuracies of 6.8% for C4F10, 7.8% for C5F12, 4.0% for C6F14, 6.6% for C7F16 and 7.9% for C8F18. Based on our observations the 2011 globally averaged dry air mole fractions of these heavy PFCs are: 0.17 parts-per-trillion (ppt, i.e., parts per 1012) for C4F10, 0.12 ppt for C5F12, 0.27 ppt for C6F14, 0.12 ppt for C7F16 and 0.09 ppt for C8F18. These atmospheric mole fractions combine to contribute to a global average radiative forcing of 0.35 mW m-2, which is 6% of the total anthropogenic PFC radiative forcing (Montzka and Reimann, 2011; Oram et al., 2012). The growth rates of the heavy perfluorocarbons were largest in the late 1990s peaking at 6.2 parts per quadrillion (ppq, i.e., parts per 1015) per year (yr) for C4F10, at 5.0 ppq yr-1 for C5F12 and 16.6 ppq yr-1 for C6F14 and in the early 1990s for C7F16 at 4.7 ppq yr-1 and in the mid 1990s for C8F18 at 4.8 ppq yr-1. The 2011 globally averaged mean atmospheric growth rates of these PFCs are subsequently lower at 2.2 ppq yr-1 for C4F10, 1.4 ppq yr-1 for C5F12, 5.0 ppq yr-1 for C6F14, 3.4 ppq yr-1 for C7F16 and 0.9 ppq yr-1 for C8F18. The more recent slowdown in the growth rates suggests that emissions are declining as compared to the 1980s and 1990s.

  10. Chemically induced magnetism and magnetoresistance in La(0.8)Sr(1.2)Mn(0.6)Rh(0.4)O(4).

    PubMed

    Battle, P D; Bell, A M; Blundell, S J; Coldea, A I; Cussen, E J; Hardy, G C; Marshall, I M; Rosseinsky, M J; Steer, C A

    2001-08-01

    It is shown by magnetometry and microSR spectroscopy that short-range magnetic interactions between the Mn cations in the nonmetallic K(2)NiF(4)-like phase La(0.8)Sr(1.2)Mn(0.6)Rh(0.4)O(4) become significant below approximately 200 K. Negative magnetoresistance (rho/rho(0) approximately 0.5 in 14 T at 108 K) is apparent below this temperature. Neutron diffraction has shown that an applied magnetic field of 5 T is sufficient to induce saturated (3.38(7)mu(B) per Mn) long-range ferromagnetic ordering of the atomic moments at 2 K, and that the induced ordering persists up to a temperature of 50 K in 5 T. Spin glass behavior is observed below 20 K in the absence of an applied field. The induced magnetic ordering is attributed to the subtle changes in band structure brought about by the external field, and to the controlling influence of Rh(3+) over the relative strength of competing magnetic exchange interactions. PMID:11480982

  11. Crystal Chemistry of Lead Oxide Hydroxide Nitrates. II. The Crystal Structure of Pb 13O 8(OH) 6(NO 3) 4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Yaping; Krivovichev, Sergey V.; Burns, Peter C.

    2001-04-01

    The lead oxide hydroxide nitrate, Pb13O8(OH)6(NO3)4, has been synthesized by hydrothermal methods. The crystal structure has been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and refined to R1=0.040. The compound is rhombohedral, space group Roverline3, a=10.283(1) Å, c=25.471(4) Å, V=2331.6(5) Å3, Z=3. The principal unit of the structure is the [Pb13O8(OH)6]4+ cluster built from eight [OPb4] tetrahedra that share a common Pb corner. The OH- anions are coordinated to two Pb atoms each, forming Pb2(OH)3+ groups. The [Pb13O8(OH)6]4+ clusters found in the structure have not been previously observed in an inorganic compound. The [Pb13O8(OH)6]4+ clusters are located at the vertices of a 36 net and are linked by (NO3)- triangles.

  12. 4-Amino-2,8-dimethyl-6H-pyrimido[1,2-a][1,3,5]triazin-6-one1

    PubMed Central

    Sachdeva, Nikhil; Dolzhenko, Anton V.; Tan, Geok Kheng; Koh, Lip Lin; Chui, Wai Keung

    2010-01-01

    In the title compound, C8H9N5O, the mean planes through the pyrimidine and triazine rings form a dihedral angle of 2.83 (16)°. The amino group adopts a trigonal-planar configuration and forms an intra­molecular resonance-assisted N—H⋯O=C hydrogen bond with the carbonyl group. In the crystal, mol­ecules are linked via inter­molecular N—H⋯N hydrogen bonds into chains of C 2 2(6)[R 2 2(6)] motif. The molecules form two types of sheet parallel to (201) and (01), respectively. PMID:21588357

  13. Hyperfine structure of the 4{f}^{8}5{d}^{2}6s configuration in the Tb atom

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Furmann, B.; Stefanska, D.; Krzykowski, A.

    2016-01-01

    Within this work new experimental results concerning the hyperfine structure (hfs) in the terbium atom are presented. Hfs constants A and B for eight levels belonging to the even-parity configuration 4{f}85{d}26s were determined, based on the results of measurements performed using the laser-induced fluorescence method in a hollow cathode discharge at 18 spectral lines. The configuration 4{f}85{d}26s in the terbium atom was hitherto very scarcely investigated; for seven of the levels examined within this work results concerning the hfs were obtained for the first time. As a by-product, hfs constants for 12 odd-parity levels, involved as upper levels in the transitions investigated, were also determined. A preliminary attempt at a semi-empirical analysis of Tb I hfs on a multi-configuration basis, based on the results of this work, yielded a value of the one-electron {a}6s10 parameter as well as the respective radial integral {< {r}-3> }6s10, which can be compared with the values along the lanthanide elements series reported in the literature. More conclusive results can certainly be obtained once the experimental database for Tb I becomes more extensive.

  14. Adenosine deaminase inhibitors. Synthesis and biological evaluation of (+/-)-3,6,7,8-tetrahydro-3-[(2-hydroxyethoxy)methyl]imidazo[4,5-d] [1,3]diazepin-8-ol and some selected C-5 homologues of pentostatin.

    PubMed

    Showalter, H D; Putt, S R; Borondy, P E; Shillis, J L

    1983-10-01

    The synthesis of several analogues of (8R)-3-(2-deoxy-beta-D-erythro- pentofuranosyl)-3,6,7,8-tetrahydroimidazo[4,5-d][1,3]diazepin-8-ol (pentostatin, 1a) is described. Ring closure of 2-amino-1-(5-amino-1H-imidazol-4-yl)ethanone dihydrochloride (3) with triethyl orthoacetate or triethyl orthopropionate gave the C-5 methyl and ethyl ketoaglycons, 6,7-dihydro-5-methylimidazo[4,5-d][1,3]diazepin-8(3H)-one (4b) and 5-ethyl-6,7-dihydroimidazo[4,5-d][1,3]diazepin-8(3H)-one (4c), respectively. Stannic chloride catalyzed condensation of the pertrimethylsilyl derivatives of 4b and 4c with a protected glycosyl halide afforded anomeric mixtures of ketonucleosides 3-(2-deoxy-3,5-di-O-p-toluoyl-beta- and -alpha-D-erythro-pentofuranosyl)-6,7-dihydro-5-methylimidazo[4,5-d] [1,3]diazepin-8(3H)-one (5b and 6b) and 3-(2-deoxy-3,5-di-O-p-toluoyl)-beta- and -alpha-D-erythro-pentofuranosyl)-5-ethyl-6,7-dihydroimidazo[4,5-d]- [1,3]diazepin-8(3H)-one (5c and 6c), respectively. Subsequent separation of the anomers, followed by deprotection and reduction of 5b, 6b, and 5c, afforded the respective 8R and 8S isomers. Stannic chloride catalyzed condensation of pertrimethylsilyl ketoaglycon 4a with 2-(chloromethoxy)-1-(p-toluoyloxy) ethane to give ketonucleoside 6,7-dihydro-3-[[2-(p-toluoyloxy)ethoxy] methyl]imidazo[4,5-d][1,3]diazepin-8(3H)-one (9a) was followed by deprotection to 6,7-dihydro-3[(2-hydroxyethoxy)methyl]imidazo[4,5-d][1,3] diazepin-8(3H)-one (9b) and then reduction to the racemic acyclic pentostatin analogue (+/-)-3,6,7,8-tetrahydro-3-[ (2-hydroxyethoxy)methyl]imidazo[4,5-d][1,3]diazepin-8-ol (2). Ki values for the in vitro adenosine deaminase (EC 3.5.4.4; type I; calf intestinal mucosa) inhibitory activities of 1b, 1c, and 2 were determined to be 1.6 X 10(-8), 1.5 X 10(-6), and 9.8 X 10(-8) M, respectively. When compounds 2 and 9b were tested in combination with vidarabine against herpes simplex virus, type 1, in an HEp-2 plaque reduction assay, only compound 2 was able to

  15. A Comparative Structural and Magnetic Study of Three Compounds Based on the Cluster Unit M4Cl 8(THF) 6 ( M=Mn, Fe, Co)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, H.; Clérac, R.; Sun, J.-S.; Ouyang, X.; Clemente-Juan, J. M.; Gómez-García, C. J.; Coronado, E.; Dunbar, K. R.

    2001-07-01

    Treatment of anhydrous MCl2 phases with THF under refluxing conditions leads to excision of the clusters M4Cl8(THF)6 (M=Fe (1), Co (3)) and dimensional reduction to the chain of clusters, {Mn4Cl8(THF)6(Mn(THF)2Cl2}∞, (2). All three compounds were isolated in high yields as crystalline materials and subjected to comprehensive magnetic studies. X-ray structures of the three compounds were performed to verify the nature of the compounds, but only the Mn derivative is discussed in detail due to the fact that the structures of the Fe and Co clusters were reported earlier. The molecular structures of M4Cl8(THF)6 (M=Fe, Co) consist of a rhombic arrrangement of metal ions with two octahedral and two pseudo-five-coordinate metal sites. The four outer edges of the cluster are each spanned by a chloride bridge, while the short diagonal is bridged by two chloride ions. The remainder of the coordination sites are occupied by two terminal chlorides and six THF solvent molecules. The 1D compound {Mn4Cl8(THF)6(Mn(THF)2Cl2}∞, (2), is related to (1) and (3) in that the core of the structure is the same, but in this case the M4Cl8(THF)6 units are linked by MnCl2(THF)2 bridges. The magnetic susceptibility data for Fe4Cl8(THF)6 (1) and Co4Cl8(THF)6 (3) in the high-temperature range are indicative of the presence of ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic interactions respectively. Fitting of the data to anisotropic exchange models provided information on the intramolecular exchange parameters. In the low-temperature region, cooperative behavior was observed as a consequence of the presence of significant intercluster interactions. The Fe derivative behaves as a metamagnet, while the Co derivative is a weak ferromagnet below 3.5 K. In contrast to (1) and (3), the magnetic properties of {Mn4Cl8(THF)6(Mn(THF)2Cl2}∞, (2), are indicative of the presence of antiferromagnetic exchange interactions within the cluster as well as between the neighboring clusters that lead to a nonmagnetic

  16. WARM SPITZER OBSERVATIONS OF THREE HOT EXOPLANETS: XO-4b, HAT-P-6b, AND HAT-P-8b

    SciTech Connect

    Todorov, Kamen O.; Deming, Drake; Knutson, Heather A.; Burrows, Adam; Sada, Pedro V.; Cowan, Nicolas B.; Agol, Eric; Desert, Jean-Michel; Charbonneau, David; Fortney, Jonathan J.; Laughlin, Gregory; Langton, Jonathan; Showman, Adam P.; Lewis, Nikole K.

    2012-02-10

    We analyze Warm Spitzer/Infrared Array Camera observations of the secondary eclipses of three planets, XO-4b, HAT-P-6b, and HAT-P-8b. We measure secondary eclipse amplitudes at 3.6 {mu}m and 4.5 {mu}m for each target. XO-4b exhibits a stronger eclipse depth at 4.5 {mu}m than at 3.6 {mu}m, which is consistent with the presence of a temperature inversion. HAT-P-8b shows a stronger eclipse amplitude at 3.6 {mu}m and is best described by models without a temperature inversion. The eclipse depths of HAT-P-6b can be fitted with models with a small or no temperature inversion. We consider our results in the context of a postulated relationship between stellar activity and temperature inversion and a relationship between irradiation level and planet dayside temperature, as discussed by Knutson et al. and Cowan and Agol, respectively. Our results are consistent with these hypotheses, but do not significantly strengthen them. To measure accurate secondary eclipse central phases, we require accurate ephemerides. We obtain primary transit observations and supplement them with publicly available observations to update the orbital ephemerides of the three planets. Based on the secondary eclipse timing, we set upper boundaries for ecos ({omega}) for HAT-P-6b, HAT-P-8b, and XO-4b and find that the values are consistent with circular orbits.

  17. 40 CFR 721.10030 - Pyrimido[5,4-g]pteridine-2,4,6,8-tetramine, 4-methylbenzenesulfonate, base-hydrolyzed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., 4-methylbenzenesulfonate, base-hydrolyzed. 721.10030 Section 721.10030 Protection of Environment...-tetramine, 4-methylbenzenesulfonate, base-hydrolyzed. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses...-methylbenzenesulfonate, base-hydrolyzed (PMN P-01-919; CAS No. 346709-25-9) is subject to reporting under this...

  18. 40 CFR 721.10030 - Pyrimido[5,4-g]pteridine-2,4,6,8-tetramine, 4-methylbenzenesulfonate, base-hydrolyzed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ..., 4-methylbenzenesulfonate, base-hydrolyzed. 721.10030 Section 721.10030 Protection of Environment...-tetramine, 4-methylbenzenesulfonate, base-hydrolyzed. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses...-methylbenzenesulfonate, base-hydrolyzed (PMN P-01-919; CAS No. 346709-25-9) is subject to reporting under this...

  19. 40 CFR 721.10030 - Pyrimido[5,4-g]pteridine-2,4,6,8-tetramine, 4-methylbenzenesulfonate, base-hydrolyzed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., 4-methylbenzenesulfonate, base-hydrolyzed. 721.10030 Section 721.10030 Protection of Environment...-tetramine, 4-methylbenzenesulfonate, base-hydrolyzed. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses...-methylbenzenesulfonate, base-hydrolyzed (PMN P-01-919; CAS No. 346709-25-9) is subject to reporting under this...

  20. 40 CFR 721.10030 - Pyrimido[5,4-g]pteridine-2,4,6,8-tetramine, 4-methylbenzenesulfonate, base-hydrolyzed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ..., 4-methylbenzenesulfonate, base-hydrolyzed. 721.10030 Section 721.10030 Protection of Environment...-tetramine, 4-methylbenzenesulfonate, base-hydrolyzed. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses...-methylbenzenesulfonate, base-hydrolyzed (PMN P-01-919; CAS No. 346709-25-9) is subject to reporting under this...

  1. 40 CFR 721.10030 - Pyrimido[5,4-g]pteridine-2,4,6,8-tetramine, 4-methylbenzenesulfonate, base-hydrolyzed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ..., 4-methylbenzenesulfonate, base-hydrolyzed. 721.10030 Section 721.10030 Protection of Environment...-tetramine, 4-methylbenzenesulfonate, base-hydrolyzed. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses...-methylbenzenesulfonate, base-hydrolyzed (PMN P-01-919; CAS No. 346709-25-9) is subject to reporting under this...

  2. CD8+ cell depletion of SHIV89.6P-infected macaques induces CD4+ T cell proliferation that contributes to increased viral loads

    PubMed Central

    Mueller, Yvonne M.; Do, Duc H.; Boyer, Jean D.; Kader, Muhamuda; Mattapallil, Joseph J.; Lewis, Mark G.; Weiner, David B.; Katsikis, Peter D.

    2009-01-01

    Previous studies have shown that depletion of CD8+ cells during acute and chronic simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection leads to increased viral replication, morbidity and mortality which have been attributed to loss of CD8+ T cell-mediated control of SIV virus. However, these studies did not exclude that CD8+ cell depletion increased homeostatic proliferation of CD4+ T cells, resulting in increased viral targets and therefore viral rebound. Chronically SHIV89.6P-infected cynomolgus macaques were CD8+ cell-depleted and frequencies, cell numbers and phenotype of CD4+ T cells and viral infection were examined using flow cytometry and quantitative real-time PCR. Frequencies and numbers of Ki-67-expressing CD4+ T cells were increased with CD8+ cell depletion. This proliferation of CD4+ T cells occurred even in animals with no rebound of viral loads. Most of the proliferating cells were effector memory CD4+ T cells. Plasma SHIV RNA copies positively correlated with proliferating CD4+ T cells and SHIV DNA copies in Ki-67+ CD4+ T cells. Although this study does not exclude an important role for virus-specific CD8+ T cells in SIV and SHIV infection, our data suggest that homeostatic proliferation is an important contributor to increases in plasma viremia that follow CD8+ cell depletion. PMID:19786539

  3. Atmospheric histories and growth trends of C4F10, C5F12, C6F14, C7F16 and C8F18

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ivy, D. J.; Arnold, T.; Harth, C. M.; Steele, L. P.; Mühle, J.; Rigby, M.; Salameh, P. K.; Leist, M.; Krummel, P. B.; Fraser, P. J.; Weiss, R. F.; Prinn, R. G.

    2012-02-01

    The first atmospheric observations and trends are presented for the high molecular weight perfluorocarbons (PFCs): decafluorobutane (C4F10), dodecafluoropentane (C5F12), tetradecafluorohexane (C6F14), hexadecafluoroheptane (C7F16) and octadecafluorooctane (C8F18). Their atmospheric histories are based on measurements of 38 Northern Hemisphere and 46 Southern Hemisphere archived air samples collected between 1973 to 2011 using the Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment (AGAGE) "Medusa" preconcentration gas chromatography-mass spectrometry systems. A new calibration scale was prepared for each PFC, with estimated accuracies of 6.8% for C4F10, 7.8% for C5F12, 4.0% for C6F14, 6.6% for C7F16 and 7.9% for C8F18. Based on our observations the 2011 globally averaged dry air mole fractions of these heavy PFCs are: 0.18 parts-per-trillion (ppt, i.e., parts per 1012) for C4F10, 0.12 ppt for C5F12, 0.28 ppt for C6F14, 0.12 ppt for C7F16 and 0.09 ppt for C8F18. These atmospheric mole fractions combine to contribute to a global average radiative forcing of 0.35 mW m-2, which is 3.6% of the total PFC radiative forcing. The globally averaged mean atmospheric growth rates of these PFCs during 1973-2011 are 4.58 parts per quadrillion (ppq, i.e., parts per 1015) per year (yr) for C4F10, 3.29 ppq yr-1 for C5F12, 7.50 ppq yr-1 for C6F14, 3.19 ppq yr-1 for C7F16 and 2.51 ppq yr-1 for C8F18. The growth rates of the heavy perfluorocarbons were largest in the early 1990s for C4F10 and C5F12 and in the mid-to-late 1990s for C6F14, C7F16 and C8F18. The more recent slow down in the growth rates of the high molecular weight PFCs suggests that emissions are declining as compared to the 1980s and 1990s. Nevertheless continued monitoring of these potent, extremely long-lived greenhouse gases is necessary to verify that global PFC emissions continue to decline.

  4. Coordination polymer template synthesis of hierarchical MnCo2O4.5 and MnNi6O8 nanoparticles for electrochemical capacitors electrode

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Kuaibing; Xu, Jiangyan; Lu, Aimin; Shi, Ying; Lin, Zixia

    2016-08-01

    Two types of ternary metal oxides, MnCo2O4.5 and MnNi6O8 nanoparticles have been separately synthesized through chemical transformation from the corresponding bimetallic coordination polymer particles precursor under high-heating conditions. Series of electrochemical measurements are performed to examine the MnCo2O4.5 and MnNi6O8 electrodes, and the result shows that MnCo2O4.5 structure, especially for Mn/Co-600, has much higher capacitance than that of MnNi6O8 nanoparticles, indicating MnCo2O4.5 electrode is more suitable for applying in neutral electrolyte system. The Mn/Co-600 electrode exhibits a specific capacitance of 158 F g-1 at 5 mV s-1, good rate capability of 53.8% with a 20 times current density increase, good cycle performance (92.9% capacitance retention after 1000 cycles) and high power density (a specific power of 5760 W kg-1 at 4.0 A g-1) with low charge transfer resistance value of 1.8 Ω.

  5. 11 CFR 8.4 - Contents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2003-02-03

    ... voter identification number, the state's Privacy Act notice required at 11 CFR 8.6(c) shall be reprinted... 11 Federal Elections 1 2003-02-03 2003-02-03 false Contents. 8.4 Section 8.4 Federal Elections... Voter Registration Form § 8.4 Contents. (a) Information about the applicant. The application...

  6. 11 CFR 8.4 - Contents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2001-01-01

    ... voter identification number, the state's Privacy Act notice required at 11 CFR 8.6(c) shall be reprinted... 11 Federal Elections 1 2001-01-01 2001-01-01 false Contents. 8.4 Section 8.4 Federal Elections... Voter Registration Form § 8.4 Contents. (a) Information about the applicant. The application...

  7. 11 CFR 8.4 - Contents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2009-01-01

    ... voter identification number, the state's Privacy Act notice required at 11 CFR 8.6(c) shall be reprinted... 11 Federal Elections 1 2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Contents. 8.4 Section 8.4 Federal Elections... Voter Registration Form § 8.4 Contents. (a) Information about the applicant. The application...

  8. 11 CFR 8.4 - Contents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2008-01-01

    ... voter identification number, the state's Privacy Act notice required at 11 CFR 8.6(c) shall be reprinted... 11 Federal Elections 1 2008-01-01 2008-01-01 false Contents. 8.4 Section 8.4 Federal Elections... Voter Registration Form § 8.4 Contents. (a) Information about the applicant. The application...

  9. Nevadaite, (Cu2+, Al, V3+)6 [Al8 (PO4)8 F8] (OH 2 (H2O)22, a new phosphate mineral species from the Gold Quarry mine, Carlin, Eureka County, Nevada: description and crystal structure

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Cooper, M.A.; Hawthorne, F.C.; Roberts, Andrew C.; Foord, E.E.; Erd, Richard C.; Evans, H.T., Jr.; Jensen, M.C.

    2004-01-01

    Nevadaite, (Cu2+, ???, Al, V3+)6 (PO4)8 F8 (OH)2 (H2O)22, is a new supergene mineral species from the Gold Quarry mine, near Carlin, Eureka County, Nevada, U.S.A. Nevadaite forms radiating clusters to 1 mm of prismatic crystals, locally covering surfaces more that 2 cm across; individual crystals are elongate on [001] with a length:width ratio of > 10:1 and a maximum diameter of ???30 ??m. It also occurs as spherules and druses associated with colorless to purple-black fluellite, colorless wavellite, strengitevariscite, acicular maroon-to-red hewettite, and rare anatase, kazakhstanite, tinticite, leucophosphite, torbernite and tyuyamunite. Nevadaite is pale green to turquoise blue with a pale powder-blue streak and a vitreous luster; it does not fluoresce under ultra-violet light. It has no cleavage, a Mohs hardness of ???3, is brittle with a conchoidal fracture, and has measured and calculated densities of 2.54 and 2.55 g/cm3, respectively. Nevadaite is biaxial negative, with ?? 1.540, ?? 1.548, ?? 1.553, 2V(obs.) = 76??, 2V(calc.) = 76??, pleochroic with X pale greenish blue, Y very pale greenish blue, Z blue, and with absorption Z ??? X > Y and orientation X = c, Y = a, Z = b. Nevadaite is orthorhombic, space group P21mn, a 12.123(2), b 18.999(2), c 4.961(1) A?? , V 1142.8(2) A??3, Z = 1, a:b:c = 0.6391:1:0.2611. The strongest seven lines in the X-ray powder-diffraction pattern [d in A??(I)(hkl)] are: 6.077(10)(200), 5.618(9)(130), 9.535(8)(020), 2.983(6)(241), 3.430(4)(041), 2.661(4)(061 , and 1.844(4)(352). A chemical analysis with an electron microprobe gave P2O5 32.54, Al2O3 27.07, V2O3 4.24, Fe2O3 0.07, CuO 9.24, ZnO 0.11, F 9.22, H2O (calc.) 23.48, OH ??? F -3.88, sum 102.09 wt.%; the valence states of V and Fe, and the amount of H2O, were determined by crystal-structure analysis. The resulting empirical formula on the basis of 63.65 anions (including 21.65 H2O pfu) is (CU2+2.00 Zn0.02 V3+0.98 Fe3+0.01 Al1.15)??4.16 Al8 P7.90 O32 [F8.37 (OH 1.63]??10 (H2O

  10. Thermally stable compositions including 2,4,8,10-tetranitro-5H-pyrido[3',2':4,5][1,2,3]triazolo[1,2-a]benzotriazo- l-6-ium, inner salt

    DOEpatents

    Hiskey, Michael A.; Huynh, My Hang

    2010-01-26

    An explosive formulation including 2,4,8,10-tetranitro-5H-pyrido[3',2':4,5][1,2,3]triazolo[1,2-a]benzotriazo- l-6-ium, inner salt and a high temperature binder is disclosed together with a process of preparing 2,4,8,10-tetranitro-5H-pyrido[3',2':4,5][1,2,3]triazolo[1,2-a]benzotriazo- l-6-ium, inner salt.

  11. Synthetic Tuning of Redox, Spectroscopic, and Photophysical Properties of {Mo6I8}(4+) Core Cluster Complexes by Terminal Carboxylate Ligands.

    PubMed

    Mikhailov, Maxim A; Brylev, Konstantin A; Abramov, Pavel A; Sakuda, Eri; Akagi, Soichiro; Ito, Akitaka; Kitamura, Noboru; Sokolov, Maxim N

    2016-09-01

    The reactions between the tetra-n-butylammonium salt of [{Mo6I8}I6](2-) and silver carboxylates RCOOAg (R = CH3 (1), C(CH3)3 (2), α-C4H3O (3), C6H5 (4), α-C10H7 (5), or C2F5 (6)) in CH2Cl2 afforded new carboxylate complexes [{Mo6I8}(RCOO)6](2-). The complexes were characterized by X-ray single-crystal diffraction and elemental analysis, cyclic/differential pulse voltammetry, and IR, NMR, and UV-visible spectroscopies. The emission properties of the complexes 1-6, and those of the earlier reported complexes with R = CF3 (7) and n-C3F7 (8), were studied both in acetonitrile solution and in the solid state. In deaerated CH3CN at 298 K, all of the complexes 1-8 exhibit intense and long-lived emission with the quantum yield and lifetime being 0.48-0.73 and 283-359 μs, respectively. The oxidation (Eox)/reduction (Ered) potentials of the complexes correlate linearly with the pKa value of the terminal carboxylate ligands L = RCOO (pKa(L)). Reflecting the pKa(L) dependences of Eox/Ered, the emission energy (νem) of the complexes was also shown to correlate with pKa(L). The present study successfully demonstrates synthetic tuning of the redox, spectroscopic, and photophysical characteristics of a {Mo6I8}(4+)-based cluster complex with pKa(L). PMID:27505303

  12. Academic Achievement over 8 Years among Children Who Met Modified Criteria for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder at 4-6 Years of Age

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massetti, Greta M.; Lahey, Benjamin B.; Pelham, William E.; Loney, Jan; Ehrhardt, Ashley; Lee, Steve S.; Kipp, Heidi

    2008-01-01

    The predictive validity of symptom criteria for different subtypes of ADHD among children who were impaired in at least one setting in early childhood was examined. Academic achievement was assessed seven times over 8 years in 125 children who met symptom criteria for ADHD at 4-6 years of age and in 130 demographically-matched non-referred…

  13. CO Substitution in HOs3(CO)10(l-SC6H4Me-4) by the Diphosphine 4,5-Bis(diphenylphosphino)-4-cyclopentadiene-1,3-dione (bpcd): Structural and DFT Evaluation of the Isomeric Clusters HOs3(CO)8(bpcd)(mu-SC6H4Me-4)

    SciTech Connect

    Yang, Li; Nesterov, Vladimir; Wang, Xiaoping; Richmond, Michael G.

    2012-01-01

    The reaction of the cluster HOs{sub 3}(CO){sub 10}({mu}-SC{sub 6}H{sub 4}Me-4) (1) with the diphosphine 4,5-bis(diphenylphosphino)-4-cyclopentadiene-1,3-dione (bpcd) has been investigated. 1 reacts with bpcd at room temperature in the presence of Me{sub 3}NO to give the isomeric clusters 1,2-HOs{sub 3}(CO)8(bpcd)({mu}-SC{sub 6}H{sub 4}Me-4) (2a) and 1,1-HOs{sub 3}(CO)8(bpcd)({mu}-SC{sub 6}H{sub 4}Me-4) (2b). Clusters 2a and 2b have been isolated, and the molecular structure of each compound has been established by X-ray crystallography. The X-ray structure of 2a confirms the coordination of one of the non-hydride-bridged Os-Os vectors by the bpcd ligand, while the structure of 2b exhibits a chelating bpcd ligand that is bound to one of the osmium centers ligated by the thiolate and hydrido ligands. 2a and 2b are stable in refluxing toluene and show no evidence for bridge-to-chelate isomerization of the ancillary bpcd ligand. DFT calculations on 2a and 2b indicate that the former cluster is the thermodynamically more stable isomer. Near-UV irradiation of 2b leads to CO loss and ortho metalation of the thiolate moiety, yielding the dihydride cluster H{sub 2}Os{sub 3}(CO)7(bpcd)({mu},{sigma}-SC{sub 6}H{sub 3}Me-4) (3). The conversion of 2b to 3 and free CO is computed to be endothermic by 14.1 kcal/mol and the reaction is driven by the entropic release of CO. The photochemically promoted ortho-metalation reaction is isomer dependent since cluster 2a is inert under identical conditions.

  14. Impregnation of La0.4Ce0.6O1.8-La0.4Sr0.6TiO3 as solid oxide fuel cell anode in H2S-containing fuels

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Afshar, Milad R.; Yan, Ning; Zahiri, Beniamin; Mitlin, David; Chuang, Karl T.; Luo, Jing-Li

    2015-01-01

    Active anodes were fabricated via wet chemical impregnation of optimized amount of La0.4Sr0.6TiO3 (L4ST) into La0.4Ce0.6O1.8 (LDC) pre-infiltrated porous yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) matrix. Impregnations of 10 wt% LDC with 16 wt% L4ST significantly improved the performance of the fuel cell from 48 mW cm-2 for pure L4ST to 161 mW cm-2 for LDC-L4ST at 900 °C in H2. The contribution of the pre-loaded LDC to this improvement was investigated using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) as well as transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The measurement results indicated that pre-infiltrated LDC increased the activity of the anode more effectively by decreasing the total polarization resistance of the cell from 3.3 Ω cm2 to 1.0 Ω cm2 in humidified H2 at 900 °C. More importantly, the LDC nano-deposits (<20 nm) behaved as an effective "adhesive" that substantially enhanced the wettability of L4ST on YSZ matrix, resulting in finer and more uniform structure of L4ST infiltrates. The LDC-L4ST cells also demonstrated significantly improved performances in 0.5% H2S-H2 and 0.5% H2S-CH4 with higher stability than cells with pure L4ST anode.

  15. 5,6,7,8-Tetrahydropyrido[4,3-d]pyrimidines as novel class of potent and highly selective CaMKII inhibitors.

    PubMed

    Asano, Shigehiro; Komiya, Masafumi; Koike, Nobuyuki; Koga, Erina; Nakatani, Shogo; Isobe, Yoshiaki

    2010-11-15

    A novel series of 5,6,7,8-tetrahydropyrido[4,3-d]pyrimidines containing substituted phenyl sulfonamide are synthesized and evaluated for their inhibitory activity against CaMKII. Substituents on the phenyl group had significant impact on CaMKII inhibition, in particular, the inhibitory activity of 8p was 25-fold higher than that of KN-93, a known CaMKII inhibitor. Michaelis-Menten analysis of a representative compound suggested that the synthesized pyrimidines are calmodulin non-competitive inhibitors. Finally, 8p exhibited more than 100-fold higher selectivity for CaMKII over five types of off-target kinases. PMID:20875738

  16. rac-Diethyl 9-hy-droxy-9-methyl-7-phenyl-1,4-diaza-spiro-[4.5]decane-6,8-dicarboxyl-ate.

    PubMed

    Maharramov, Abel M; Ismiyev, Arif I; Rashidov, Bahruz A; Rahimova, Gunel M; Allahverdiyev, Mirza A

    2011-01-01

    The title mol-ecule, C(21)H(30)N(2)O(5), is chiral with four stereogenic centres. The crystal is a racemate and consists of enanti-omeric pairs with the relative configuration rac-(6S*,7R*,8R*,9S*). The ethyl fragment of the eth-oxy-carbonyl group at position 6 is disordered in a 0.46 (3):0.54 (3) ratio. The crystal structure features inter-molecular N-H⋯O. Intra-molecular O-H⋯N and N-H⋯O hydrogen bonds also occur. PMID:21522983

  17. Experimental performance of a small size two stage depressed collector for a 4.8-9.6 GHz high performance TWT

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ramins, P.; Fox, T. A.

    1976-01-01

    Three simple small size two stage depressed collectors were designed and experimentally evaluated in conjunction with a 330 to 520 watt CW, 4.8 to 9.6 GHz traveling wave tube (TWT). Each of the three designs produced a minimum collector efficiency of 80.0 percent considering saturated TWT operation at the maximum of output frequency and at band edges. The highest minimum collector efficiency produced was 80.5 percent with a two stage depressed collector of 4.8 cm diameter by 7 cm high internal dimensions.

  18. A spiro[chroman-3,7'-isochromene]-4,6'(8'H)-dione from the Cordyceps-colonizing fungus Fimetariella sp.

    PubMed

    Li, Erwei; Zhang, Fan; Niu, Shubin; Liu, Xingzhong; Liu, Gang; Che, Yongsheng

    2012-07-01

    Fimetarone A (1), a metabolite with the new spiro[chroman-3,7'-isochromene]-4,6'(8'H)-dione skeleton, was isolated from cultures of the Cordyceps-colonizing fungus Fimetariella sp. Compound 1 was a 1:1 atropdiastereomeric mixture in NMR data, and aS,9S and aR,9R enantiomers were found and confirmed by X-ray crystallography. Compound 1 could be derived from the hypothetical precursors 3,4,5-trihydroxy-2-(2-methylene-3,5-dioxohexanoyl)benzoic acid (5) and lapidosin (6). PMID:22726106

  19. Differential regulation by IL-4 and IL-10 of radiation-induced IL-6 and IL-8 production and ICAM-1 expression by human endothelial cells.

    PubMed

    Van Der Meeren, A; Squiban, C; Gourmelon, P; Lafont, H; Gaugler, M H

    1999-11-01

    Radiation exposure results in an inflammatory reaction with acute as well as subacute consequences. Leukocyte infiltration is one of the predominant early histological changes and involves both cytokines and adhesion molecules. Endothelial cells play a key role in this reaction. We have previously shown the increased production of interleukin 6 (IL-6) and IL-8 and the upregulation in intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) expression by HUVEC following gamma ray exposure. In the present study, we used the cytokines IL-4 and IL-10 to regulate these radiation-induced manifestations. Human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVEC) were treated with IL-4 and IL-10 (50 pg/ml) either before or after 10- Gy irradiation. Three and seven days after irradiation, IL-6 and IL-8 production by HUVEC (either treated or non-treated) was assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Our results show that IL-4, when added after irradiation, reversed the radiation-induced increase in IL-8 production, although slightly increased IL-6 production. IL-10 decreased both IL-8 and IL-6 production when added after irradiation. ICAM-1 expression was evaluated 3 days after irradiation by flow cytometry. The radiation-induced upregulation in ICAM-1 expression remained unaffected by the use of IL-4. Altogether, our results show that radiation-induced endothelial cell activation may be ameliorated by IL-4 and/or IL-10, which is of significance in designing strategies for cytokine-mediated intervention and/or therapy of radiation damage. PMID:10547270

  20. Synthesis, in vitro antimycobacterial evaluation and docking studies of some new 5,6,7,8-tetrahydropyrido[4',3':4,5]thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4(3H)-one schiff bases.

    PubMed

    Malothu, Narender; Bhandaru, Jaswanth S; Kulandaivelu, Umasankar; Jojula, Malathi; Adidala, Raghuram Reddy; K R, Umadevi; A V N, Dusthackeer; Kaki, Venkat Rao; Akkinepally, Raghuram R

    2016-02-01

    Development of multidrug resistant (MDR) and extensively drug resistant (XDR) tuberculosis (TB) has been considered as major health burden, globally. In order to develop novel, potential molecules against drug resistant TB, twenty two (22) new 3-substituted-7-benzyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropyrido[4',3':4,5]thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4(3H)-one (6a-k) and 3-substituted-7-benzyl-2-methyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropyrido[4',3':4,5]thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4(3H)-one (7a-k) derivatives were designed and synthesized by using appropriate synthetic protocols. Pantothenate synthetase (PS) was considered as the target for the molecular docking studies and evaluated the binding pattern at active site, as PS plays a significant role in the biosynthesis of pantothenate in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). The preliminary in vitro antibacterial screening of test compounds was carried out against two strains of Gram-positive (Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus) and Gram-negative (Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae) bacteria. The antimycobacterial screening was performed against MTB H37Rv and an isoniazid-resistant clinical isolate of MTB. The compounds 6b, 6c, 6d, 6k, 7b, 7c, 7d and 7k exhibited promising antibacterial activity MIC in the range of 15-73 μM against all bacterial strains used and compounds 6d and 7b showed antimycobacterial activity (IC50 <340 μM in LRP assay) and (MIC <9 μM in broth microdilution method). PMID:26755393

  1. Synthesis, molecular structure and characterization of allylic derivatives of 6-amino-3-methyl-1,2,4-triazolo[3,4-f][1,2,4]-triazin-8(7H)-one.

    PubMed

    Hwang, Long-Chih; Jane, Shin-Yi; Lai, Hsing-Yi; Tu, Chun-Hsien; Lee, Gene-Hsiang

    2006-01-01

    1-Allyl- (2) and 7-allyl-6-amino-3-methyl-1,2,4-triazolo[3,4-f][1,2,4]triazin-8(7H)-one (3) were obtained via the 18-crown-6-ether catalyzed room temperature reaction of 6-amino-3-methyl-1,2,4-triazolo[3,4-f][1,2,4]triazin-8(7H)-one (1) with potassium carbonate and allyl bromide in dry acetone. The structures of these two derivatives were verified by 2D-NMR measurements, including gHSQC and gHMBC measurements. The minor compound 2 may possess aromatic character. A single crystal X-ray diffraction experiment indicated that the major compound 3 crystallizes from dimethyl sulfoxide in the monoclinic space group P2(1)/n and its molecular structure includes an attached dimethylsulfoxide molecule, resulting in the molecular formula C(10)H(16)N(6)O(2)S. Molecular structures of 3 are linked by extensive intermolecular N-H...N hydrogen bonding [graph set C(1)(1)(7)]. 1 Each molecule is attached to the dimethyl sulfoxide oxygen via N-H...O intermolecular hydrogen bonding. The structure is further stabilized by pi-pi stacking interactions. PMID:17962777

  2. Radiation-induced amorphization of Ce-doped Mg2Y8(SiO4)6O2 silicate apatite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Jianren; Yao, Tiankai; Lian, Jie; Shen, Yiqiang; Dong, Zhili; Lu, Fengyuan

    2016-07-01

    Ce-doped Mg2Y8(SiO4)6O2 silicate apatite (Ce = 0.05 and 0.5) were irradiated with 1 MeV Kr2+ ion beam irradiation at different temperatures and their radiation response and the cation composition dependence of the radiation-induced amorphization were studied by in situ TEM. The two Ce-doped Mg2Y8(SiO4)6O2 silicate apatites are sensitive to ion beam induced amorphization with a low critical dose (0.096 dpa) at room temperature, and exhibits significantly different radiation tolerance at elevated temperatures. Ce concentration at the apatite AI site plays a critical role in determining the radiation response of this silicate apatite, in which the Ce3+ rich Mg2Y7.5Ce0.5(SiO4)6O2 displays lower amorphization susceptibility than Mg2Y7.95Ce0.05(SiO4)6O2 with a lower Ce3+ occupancy at the AI sites. The critical temperature (Tc) and activation energy (Ea) change from 667.5 ± 33 K and 0.162 eV of Mg2Y7.5Ce0.5(SiO4)6O2 to 963.6 ± 64 K and 0.206 eV of Mg2Y7.95Ce0.05(SiO4)6O2. We demonstrate that the radiation tolerance can be controlled by varying the chemical composition, and enhanced radiation tolerance is achieved by increasing the Ce concentration at the AI site.

  3. Synthesis and photosensitivity characterizations of 9-(6-bromo-4-oxo-4H-chromen-3-yl)-3,4,6,7-tetrahydro-3,3,6,6-tetramethyl-2H-xanthene-1,8-(5H,9H)-dione(BOCTTX)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ibrahim, Magdy A.; Farag, A. A. M.; Roushdy, N.; El-Gohary, Nasser M.

    2016-02-01

    Condensation reaction of 6-bromochromone-3-carboxaldehyde (1) with dimedone afforded 9-(6-bromo-4-oxo-4H-chromen-3-yl)-3,4,6,7-tetrahydro-3,3,6,6-tetramethyl-2H-xanthene-1,8-(5H,9H)-dione (3, BOCTTX). Structure of BOCTTX was deduced based on its correct elemental analysis and spectral data (IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and mass spectra). Thin films of BOCTTX were prepared in this study by using spin coating technique. X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope analysis were studied for study the crystal and morphology characterization of BOCTTX. The results indicate that BOCTTX has a polycrystalline nature with monoclinic structure. From differential scanning calorimetry, BOCTTX is found to be thermally stable up to 583 K and the chemical structure plays an important role in the thermal decomposition process. The optical absorption of the film was studied in the UV-Vis spectral range and the value of two allowed energy gaps of 2.2 and 3.3 eV. Current-voltage characteristics of BOCTTX based devices were studied in dark and under various illumination intensities in the range 20-100 mW/cm2. Electrical and photoelectrical parameters were studied as a function of light intensity. The obtained results exhibits photoconductivity cauterization and suggest that the diode can be used as a photodiode in optoelectronic sensor application.

  4. Global emission estimates and radiative impact of C4F10, C5F12, C6F14, C7F16 and C8F18

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ivy, D. J.; Rigby, M.; Baasandorj, M.; Burkholder, J. B.; Prinn, R. G.

    2012-08-01

    Global emission estimates based on new atmospheric observations are presented for the acylic high molecular weight perfluorocarbons (PFCs): decafluorobutane (C4F10), dodecafluoropentane (C5F12), tetradecafluorohexane (C6F14), hexadecafluoroheptane (C7F16) and octadecafluorooctane (C8F18). Emissions are estimated using a 3-dimensional chemical transport model and an inverse method that includes a growth constraint on emissions. The observations used in the inversion are based on newly measured archived air samples that cover a 39-yr period, from 1973 to 2011, and include 36 Northern Hemispheric and 46 Southern Hemispheric samples. The derived emission estimates show that global emission rates were largest in the 1980s and 1990s for C4F10 and C5F12, and in the 1990s for C6F14, C7F16 and C8F18. After a subsequent decline, emissions have remained relatively stable, within 20%, for the last 5 yr. Bottom-up emission estimates are available from the Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research version 4.2 (EDGARv4.2) for C4F10, C5F12, C6F14 and C7F16, and inventories of C4F10, C5F12 and C6F14 are reported to the United Nations' Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) by Annex 1 countries that have ratified the Kyoto Protocol. The atmospheric measurement-based emission estimates are 20 times larger than EDGARv4.2 for C4F10 and over three orders of magnitude larger for C5F12 (with 2008 EDGARv4.2 estimates for C5F12 at 9.6 kg yr-1, as compared to 67±53 t yr-1 as derived in this study). The derived emission estimates for C6F14 largely agree with the bottom-up estimates from EDGARv4.2. Moreover, the C7F16 emission estimates are comparable to those of EDGARv4.2 at their peak in the 1990s, albeit significant underestimation for the other time periods. There are no bottom-up emission estimates for C8F18, thus the emission rates reported here are the first for C8F18. The reported inventories for C4F10, C5F12 and C6F14 to UNFCCC are five to ten times lower than those

  5. Synthesis and characterization of N, N'-bis[2-hydroxyethyl]-1,4,6,8-naphthalenediimide with para substituted of phenols based on charge-transfer complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Refat, Moamen S.; Killa, Hamada M. A.; Grabchev, Ivo; El-Sayed, Mohamed Y.

    2007-09-01

    The interaction of charge-transfer (CT) complexes resulted from the reaction of N, N'-bis[2-hydroxyethyl]-1,4,6,8-naphthalenediimide (BHENDI) with some various acceptors like as substituted phenols in para position; 4-aminophenol (4AP), 4-methylphenol (4MP) and 4-nitrophenol (4NP) have been studied in methanol at room temperature. The reaction was studied using electronic (UV-vis), mid infrared, and 1H NMR spectra and thermal measurements (TGA and DTG) as well as elemental analysis CHN. The chemical analysis data of the resulted CT-complexes, BHENDI-acceptors, reveal that the formation of a 1:2 CT complexes in all cases. The interaction of N, N'-bis[2-hydroxyethyl]-1,4,6,8-naphthalenediimide and phenolic acceptors were investigated spectrophotometrically and found two detected CT bands have n-π * transition. The donor site involved in CT interaction is the diimide two nitrogen atoms by forming hydrogen bonding. The kinetic thermodynamic parameters like Δ E, Δ H, Δ S and Δ G are calculated from the DTG diagrams using Coats-Redfern method. The electrical conductivity properties for the solid CT complexes were measured within the temperature of room 25 °C.

  6. DNA Sequence Modulates Geometrical Isomerism of the trans-8,9-Dihydro-8-(2,6-diamino-4-oxo-3,4-dihydropyrimid-5-yl-formamido)-9-hydroxy Aflatoxin B1 Adduct

    PubMed Central

    2016-01-01

    Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), a mycotoxin produced by Aspergillus flavus, is oxidized by cytochrome P450 enzymes to aflatoxin B1-8,9-epoxide, which alkylates DNA at N7-dG. Under basic conditions, this N7-dG adduct rearranges to yield the trans-8,9-dihydro-8-(2,6-diamino-4-oxo-3,4-dihydropyrimid-5-yl-formamido)-9-hydroxy aflatoxin B1 (AFB1–FAPY) adduct. The AFB1–FAPY adduct exhibits geometrical isomerism involving the formamide moiety. NMR analyses of duplex oligodeoxynucleotides containing the 5′-XA-3′, 5′-XC-3′, 5′-XT-3′, and 5′-XY-3′ sequences (X = AFB1–FAPY; Y = 7-deaza-dG) demonstrate that the equilibrium between E and Z isomers is controlled by major groove hydrogen bonding interactions. Structural analysis of the adduct in the 5′-XA-3′ sequence indicates the preference of the E isomer of the formamide group, attributed to formation of a hydrogen bond between the formyl oxygen and the N6 exocyclic amino group of the 3′-neighbor adenine. While the 5′-XA-3′ sequence exhibits the E isomer, the 5′-XC-3′ sequence exhibits a 7:3 E:Z ratio at equilibrium at 283 K. The E isomer is favored by a hydrogen bond between the formyl oxygen and the N4-dC exocyclic amino group of the 3′-neighbor cytosine. The 5′-XT-3′ and 5′-XY-3′ sequences cannot form such a hydrogen bond between the formyl oxygen and the 3′-neighbor T or Y, respectively, and in these sequence contexts the Z isomer is favored. Additional equilibria between α and β anomers and the potential to exhibit atropisomers about the C5–N5 bond do not depend upon sequence. In each of the four DNA sequences, the AFB1–FAPY adduct maintains the β deoxyribose configuration. Each of these four sequences feature the atropisomer of the AFB1 moiety that is intercalated above the 5′-face of the damaged guanine. This enforces the Ra axial conformation for the C5–N5 bond. PMID:25587868

  7. Stereoselective Total Synthesis of Atractylodemayne A, a Conjugated 2(E),8(Z),10(E)-Triene-4,6-diyne.

    PubMed

    Schmidt, Bernd; Audörsch, Stephan

    2016-03-01

    The first total synthesis of the polyacetylene natural product atractylodemayne A is reported. Stereoselective construction of the conjugated 8(Z),10(E)-diene moiety was achieved through a tethered ring-closing metathesis approach, comprising a Ru-catalyzed RCM followed by a base-induced elimination. A Pd-catalyzed Cadiot-Chodkiewicz coupling was used for the synthesis of the diyne. Overall, atractylodemayne A was synthesized in nine steps for the longest linear sequence. PMID:26886865

  8. Anticonvulsant Activity of Schiff Bases of 3-Amino-6,8-dibromo-2-phenyl-quinazolin-4(3H)-ones

    PubMed Central

    Paneersalvam, P.; Raj, T.; Ishar, M. P. S.; Singh, B.; Sharma, V.; Rather, B. A.

    2010-01-01

    Schiff bases (9a-l) of 3-amino-6,8-dibromo-2-phenyl-quinazolin-4-(3H)-ones (8) with various substituted aldehydes were obtained by refluxing 1:1 molar equivalents of the reactants in dry ethanol for 6 h. The aminoquinazoline (8) was inturn obtained from 3,5-dibromoantharlinic acid via intermediate (7). All the synthesized compounds (9a-l) were evaluated for their anticonvulsant activity on albino mice by maximal electroshock method using phenytoin as a standard. The compound (9l) bearing a cinnamyl function displays a very high activity (82.74 %) at dose level of 100 mg/kg b.w. PMID:21188051

  9. (2aR*,5S*,6aS*,8aS*,E)-Ethyl 5-hy­droxy-7,7,8a-trimethyl-8-oxo-2,2a,6,6a,7,8,8a,8b-octa­hydro-1H-penta­leno[1,6-bc]oxepine-4-carboxyl­ate

    PubMed Central

    Mehta, Goverdhan; Kumar, C. S. Ananda; Sen, Saikat

    2012-01-01

    The title compound, C17H24O5, featuring a 2-carbeth­oxy-3-oxepanone unit in its intra­molecularly O—H⋯O hydrogen-bonded enol form, was obtained via [(CF3CO2)2Rh]2-catal­ysed intra­molecular O—H bond insertion in the α-diazo-ω-hy­droxy-β-ketoester, ethyl 4-[(1S,3aS,6R,6aS)-6-hy­droxy-2,2,3a-trimethyl-3-oxo-octa­hydro­penta­len-1-yl]-2-diazo-3-oxobutano­ate. The seven-membered oxacyclic ring, thus constructed on a cis-fused diquinane platform, was found to adopt a distorted boat–sofa conformation. PMID:23476221

  10. The thermodynamic properties of 4,5,9,10-tetrahydropyrene and 1,2,3,6,7,8-hexahydropyrene. [Tetrahydropyrene and hexahydropyrene

    SciTech Connect

    Chirico, R.D.; Knipmeyer, S.E.; Nguyen, A.; Smith, N.K.; Steele, W.V.

    1992-12-01

    Measurements leading to the calculation of the ideal-gas thermodynamic properties are reported for 4,5,9,10-tetrahydropyrene and 1,2,3,6,7,8-hexahydropyrene. Experimental methods included combustion calorimetry, adiabatic heat-capacity calorimetry, vibrating-tube densitometry, comparative ebulliometry, inclined-piston gauge manometry, and differential-scanning calorimetry (d.s.c.). Critical properties were estimated for both materials based on the measurement results. Entropies, enthalpies, and Gibbs energies of formation were derived for the ideal gases for selected temperatures between 380 K and 700 K. The property-measurement results reported here for 4,5,9,10-tetrahydropyrene and 1,2,3,6,7,8-hexahydropyrene are the first for these important intermediates in the pyrene/H[sub 2] hydrogenation reaction network.

  11. Synthesis and SAR studies of novel 6,7,8-substituted 4-substituted benzyloxyquinolin-2(1H)-one derivatives for anticancer activity

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Yi-Fong; Lin, Yi-Chien; Morris-Natschke, Susan L; Wei, Chen-Fang; Shen, Ting-Chen; Lin, Hui-Yi; Hsu, Mei-Hua; Chou, Li-Chen; Zhao, Yu; Kuo, Sheng-Chu; Lee, Kuo-Hsiung; Huang, Li-Jiau

    2015-01-01

    Background and Purpose 4-Phenylquinolin-2(1H)-one (4-PQ) derivatives can induce cancer cell apoptosis. Additional new 4-PQ analogs were investigated as more effective, less toxic antitumour agents. Experimental Approach Forty-five 6,7,8-substituted 4-substituted benzyloxyquinolin-2(1H)-one derivatives were synthesized. Antiproliferative activities were evaluated using a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazoliun bromide assay and structure–activity relationship correlations were established. Compounds 9b, 9c, 9e and 11e were also evaluated against the National Cancer Institute-60 human cancer cell line panel. Hoechst 33258 and Annexin V-FITC/PI staining assays were used to detect apoptosis, while inhibition of microtubule polymerization was assayed by fluorescence microscopy. Effects on the cell cycle were assessed by flow cytometry and on apoptosis-related proteins (active caspase-3, -8 and -9, procaspase-3, -8, -9, PARP, Bid, Bcl-xL and Bcl-2) by Western blotting. Key Results Nine 6,7,8-substituted 4-substituted benzyloxyquinolin-2(1H)-one derivatives (7e, 8e, 9b, 9c, 9e, 10c, 10e, 11c and 11e) displayed high potency against HL-60, Hep3B, H460, and COLO 205 cancer cells (IC50 < 1 μM) without affecting Detroit 551 normal human cells (IC50 > 50 μM). Particularly, compound 11e exhibited nanomolar potency against COLO 205 cancer cells. Mechanistic studies indicated that compound 11e disrupted microtubule assembly and induced G2/M arrest, polyploidy and apoptosis via the intrinsic and extrinsic signalling pathways. Activation of JNK could play a role in TRAIL-induced COLO 205 apoptosis. Conclusion and Implications New quinolone derivatives were identified as potential pro-apoptotic agents. Compound 11e could be a promising lead compound for future antitumour agent development. PMID:25363404

  12. Synthesis and Application of 1,3,4,5,7,8-Hexafluorotetracyanonaphthoquinodimethane (F6-TNAP): A Conductivity Dopant for Organic Light-Emitting Devices

    SciTech Connect

    Koech, Phillip K.; Padmaperuma, Asanga B.; Wang, Liang; Swensen, James S.; Polikarpov, Evgueni; Darsell, Jens T.; Rainbolt, James E.; Gaspar, Daniel J.

    2010-07-13

    We report the synthesis, photophysical and organic light-emitting device (OLED) properties of an organic molecular p-dopant 1,3,4,5,7,8-hexafluorotetracyanonaphthoquinodimethane (F6-TNAP). F6-TNAP was obtained in a three step 2 pot synthesis from commercially available octafluoronaphthalene. Doping effect of F6-TNAP was evaluated using films of 1-5% F6-TNAP with N,N'-di-1-naphthyl-N,N'-diphenyl-1,1'-biphenyl-4,4'diamineα-NPD) co-evaporated on quartz. UV-vis analysis of these films showed an absorption peak at 950 nm corresponding to the charge transfer complex resulting from electron transfer from α-NPD to F6-TNAP. Hole only devices using α-NPD as the hole transport layer (HTL) doped with F6-TNAP show greater than 2V decrease in operating voltage compared to the undoped device. A decrease in operating voltage was also demonstrated in blue OLED devices using F6-TNAP doped HTL, with a slight decrease in external quantum efficiency (EQE), thus resulting in a net improvement in power efficiency.

  13. Global emission estimates and radiative impact of C4F10, C5F12, C6F14, C7F16 and C8F18

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ivy, D. J.; Rigby, M.; Baasandorj, M.; Burkholder, J. B.; Prinn, R. G.

    2012-05-01

    Global emission estimates based on new atmospheric observations are presented for the acylic high molecular weight perfluorocarbons (PFCs): decafluorobutane (C4F10), dodecafluoropentane (C5F12), tetradecafluorohexane (C6F14), hexadecafluoroheptane (C7F16) and octadecafluorooctane (C8F18). Emissions are estimated using a 3-dimensional chemical transport model and an inverse method that includes a growth constraint on emissions. The observations used in the inversion are based on newly measured archived air samples that cover a 39-yr period, from 1973 to 2011, and include 36 Northern Hemispheric and 46 Southern Hemispheric samples (Ivy et al., 2012). The derived emission estimates show that global emission rates were largest in the 1980s and 1990s for C4F10 and C5F12, and in the 1990s for C6F14,C7F16 and C8F18. After a subsequent decline, emissions have remained relatively stable, within 20%, for the last 5 yr. Bottom-up emission estimates are available from the Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research version 4.2 (EDGARv4.2) for C4F10, C5F12, C6F14 and C7F16, and inventories of C4F10, C5F12 andC6F14 are reported to the United Nations' Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) by Annex 1 countries that have ratified the Kyoto Protocol. The atmospheric measurement based emission estimates are 20 times larger than EDGARv4.2 for C4F10 and over three orders of magnitude for C5F12. The derived emission estimates for C6F14 largely agree with the bottom-up estimates from EDGARv4.2. Moreover, the C7F16 emission estimates are comparable to those of EDGARv4.2 at their peak in the 1990s, albeit significant underestimation for the other time periods. There are no bottom-up emission estimates for C8F18, thus the emission rates reported here are the first for C8F18. The reported inventories for C4F10, C5F12 and C6F14 to UNFCCC are five to ten times lower than those estimated in this study. In addition, we present measured infrared absorption spectra for C7F16 and C8

  14. Conformational Interconversion of the trans-4-Hydroxynonenal-Derived (6S,8R,11S) 1,N2-Deoxyguanosine Adduct When Mismatched with Deoxyadenosine in DNA

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Hai; Wang, Hao; Lloyd, R. Stephen; Rizzo, Carmelo J.; Stone, Michael P.

    2009-01-01

    The (6S,8R,11S) 1,N2-HNE-dG adduct of trans-4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) was incorporated into the duplex 5′-d(GCTAGCXAGTCC)-3′•5′-d(GGACTAGCTAGC)-3′ [X=(6S,8R,11S) HNE-dG], in which the lesion was mismatched opposite dA. The (6S,8R,11S) adduct maintained the ring-closed 1,N2-HNE-dG structure. This was in contrast to when this adduct was correctly paired with dC, conditions under which it underwent ring opening and re-arrangement to diastereomeric minor groove hemiacetals [Huang, H., Wang, H., Qi, N., Lloyd, R.S., Harris, T.M., Rizzo, C.J., & Stone, M.P. (2008) J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 10898–10906]. The (6S,8R,11S) adduct exhibited a syn/anti conformational equilibrium about the glycosyl bond. The syn conformation was predominant in acidic solution. Structural analysis of the syn conformation revealed that X7 formed a distorted base pair with the complementary protonated A18. The HNE moiety was located in the major groove. Structural perturbations were observed at the neighbor C6•G19 and A8•T17 base pairs. At basic pH, the anti conformation of X7 was the major species. At X7 the 1,N2-HNE-dG intercalated and displaced the complementary A18 in the 5′-direction, resulting in a bulge at the X7•A18 base pair. The HNE aliphatic chain was oriented towards the minor groove. The Watson-Crick hydrogen bonding of the neighboring A8•T17 base pair was also disrupted. PMID:19053179

  15. The 3.8 Å structure of the U4/U6.U5 tri-snRNP: Insights into spliceosome assembly and catalysis.

    PubMed

    Wan, Ruixue; Yan, Chuangye; Bai, Rui; Wang, Lin; Huang, Min; Wong, Catherine C L; Shi, Yigong

    2016-01-29

    Splicing of precursor messenger RNA is accomplished by a dynamic megacomplex known as the spliceosome. Assembly of a functional spliceosome requires a preassembled U4/U6.U5 tri-snRNP complex, which comprises the U5 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP), the U4 and U6 small nuclear RNA (snRNA) duplex, and a number of protein factors. Here we report the three-dimensional structure of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae U4/U6.U5 tri-snRNP at an overall resolution of 3.8 angstroms by single-particle electron cryomicroscopy. The local resolution for the core regions of the tri-snRNP reaches 3.0 to 3.5 angstroms, allowing construction of a refined atomic model. Our structure contains U5 snRNA, the extensively base-paired U4/U6 snRNA, and 30 proteins including Prp8 and Snu114, which amount to 8495 amino acids and 263 nucleotides with a combined molecular mass of ~1 megadalton. The catalytic nucleotide U80 from U6 snRNA exists in an inactive conformation, stabilized by its base-pairing interactions with U4 snRNA and protected by Prp3. Pre-messenger RNA is bound in the tri-snRNP through base-pairing interactions with U6 snRNA and loop I of U5 snRNA. This structure, together with that of the spliceosome, reveals the molecular choreography of the snRNAs in the activation process of the spliceosomal ribozyme. PMID:26743623

  16. Crystal structure and luminescence properties of Bi3+activated Ca2Y8(SiO4)6O2 phosphors under near UV excitation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, Zhihua; Wang, Minqiang; Yang, Zhi; Liu, Kaiping; Zhu, Feiyan

    2016-07-01

    Oxyapatite Ca2Y8-x(SiO4)6O2:xBi3+phosphor has been prepared via high temperature solid-state reaction. Its crystal structure and PL properties were investigated by X-ray diffraction, photoluminescence excitation and emission spectra. The results indicated that the Ca2Y8(SiO4)6O2 crystallizes as a hexagonal structure with a space group of P63/m and lattice constants of a=b=9.3507 Å, c=6.7899 Å, α=β=90.00°, γ=120.00°, V=514.14 Å3; The phosphor has two prominent emission bands: when excited under 320-360 nm, the phosphors emit a broad band centered at 495 nm due to the 3P1-1S0 transition of Bi3+ in 4f (C3) sites; when excited under 380 nm, the phosphors emit a broad band centered at 411 nm due to the 3P1-1S0 transition of Bi3+ in 6h (Cs) sites. The emission color varies from the greenish blue to blue as the excitation wavelength increases from 335 to 380 nm. The optimal intensity of emission band was observed when x=0.015 in the Ca2Y8-x(SiO4)6O2:xBi3+ series. The average critical distance Rc among Bi3+ ions is determined to be 20.15 Å.

  17. 6-(4-Amino-2-butyl-imidazoquinolyl)-norleucine: Toll-like receptor 7 and 8 agonist amino acid for self-adjuvanting peptide vaccine.

    PubMed

    Fujita, Yoshio; Hirai, Kazuyuki; Nishida, Keigo; Taguchi, Hiroaki

    2016-05-01

    Generally, small peptides by themselves are weak to induce antibody responses. Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands are attractive candidates of vaccine adjuvants to improve their antigenicity. The covalent conjugation of TLR ligands with antigens to produce self-adjuvanting peptide vaccine is a promising approach. Based on the structure of TLR7/8 ligands, a series of synthetic amino acids 6-imidazoquinolyl-norleucines were synthesized, wherein an imidazoquinoline structure as the TLR7/8 agonistic pharmacophores was constructed on the ε-NH2 group of Lys. Of them, 6-(4-amino-2-butyl-imidazoquinolyl)-norleucine showed the most potent TLR7 and TLR8 agonistic activities with EC50 values of 8.55 and 106 μM, respectively. Subsequently, mice were immunized with the influenza A virus M2e antigen mixed with or covalently conjugated to the TLR7/8 agonist amino acid, which led to induction of M2e specific antibody productions in the absence of other adjuvant. We successfully developed a novel efficient tool for self-adjuvanting peptide vaccines targeting TLR7/8. PMID:26874701

  18. Signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 licenses Toll-like receptor 4-dependent interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 production via IL-6 receptor-positive feedback in endometrial cells

    PubMed Central

    Cronin, J G; Kanamarlapudi, V; Thornton, C A; Sheldon, I M

    2016-01-01

    Interleukin 6 (IL-6), acting via the IL-6 receptor (IL6R) and signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3), limits neutrophil recruitment once bacterial infections are resolved. Bovine endometritis is an exemplar mucosal disease, characterized by sustained neutrophil infiltration and elevated IL-6 and IL-8, a neutrophil chemoattractant, following postpartum Gram-negative bacterial infection. The present study examined the impact of the IL6R/STAT3 signaling pathway on IL-8 production by primary endometrial cells in response to short- or long-term exposure to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Gram-negative bacteria. Tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT3 is required for DNA binding and expression of specific targets genes. Immunoblotting indicated constitutive tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT3 in endometrial cells was impeded by acute exposure to LPS. After 24 h exposure to LPS, STAT3 returned to a tyrosine phosphorylated state, indicating cross-talk between the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and the IL6R/STAT3 signaling pathways. This was confirmed by short interfering RNA targeting the IL6R, which abrogated the accumulation of IL-6 and IL-8, induced by LPS. Furthermore, there was a differential endometrial cell response, as the accumulation of IL-6 and IL-8 was dependent on STAT3, suppressor of cytokine signaling 3, and Src kinase signaling in stromal cells, but not epithelial cells. In conclusion, positive feedback through the IL6R amplifies LPS-induced IL-6 and IL-8 production in the endometrium. These findings provide a mechanistic insight into how elevated IL-6 concentrations in the postpartum endometrium during bacterial infection leads to marked and sustained neutrophil infiltration. PMID:26813342

  19. 8-Methyl-2-oxo-4-(thio­phen-2-yl)-1,2,5,6,7,8-hexa­hydro­quinoline-3-carbonitrile

    PubMed Central

    Asiri, Abdullah M.; Faidallah, Hassan M.; Saqer, Alaa Anwar Ahmad; Ng, Seik Weng; Tiekink, Edward R. T.

    2012-01-01

    In the title compound, C15H14N2OS, the pyridinone ring in the fused-ring system is nearly planar (r.m.s. deviation = 0.011 Å) and the cyclo­hexene ring has a twisted half-boat conformation with the methyl­ene C atom adjacent to the methine C atom deviating by 0.592 (7) Å from the plane defined by the remaining five atoms (r.m.s. deviation = 0.108 Å). The thienyl ring is disordered over two almost coplanar positions of opposite orientation in a 0.649 (4):0.351 (4) ratio, and forms dihedral angles of 51.4 (3) (major component) and 54.2 (3)°, respectively, with the pyridinone ring. In the crystal, inversion-related mol­ecules associate via an eight-membered {⋯HNCO}2 synthon and these are linked into a linear supra­molecular chain along the a axis by weak π–π inter­actions that occur between centrosymmetrically related pyridinone rings [centroid–centroid distance = 3.889 (2) Å]. PMID:22798934

  20. Evidence for a High-Pressure Phase Transition of ε-2,4,6,8,10,12-hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane (CL-20) Using Vibrational Spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect

    Ciezak, J.; Jenkins, T; Liu, Z

    2007-01-01

    The high-pressure response of {epsilon}-2,4,6,8,10,12-hexanitrohexaazaisowurtizane (CL-20) has been examined to 27 GPa in diamond anvil cells using vibrational spectroscopy. The results reveal evidence of an {epsilon}{yields}{Upsilon} pressure-induced phase transition between 4.1 and 6.4 GPa and suggest the existence of a {Upsilon}{yields}{zeta} transition near 18.7 GPa. Several Raman and infrared frequencies were found to decrease in intensity as the phase boundaries are approached. An anomalous intensity increase was noted in the C-N-C infrared mode that is believed to result from an increase in the Raman cross-section due to a stronger interlayer coupling under pressure.

  1. 11 CFR 8.4 - Contents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    1998-01-01

    ... Privacy Act notice required at 11 CFR 8.6(c) shall be reprinted with the instructions for that state. (7... 11 Federal Elections 1 1998-01-01 1998-01-01 false Contents. 8.4 Section 8.4 NATIONAL VOTER REGISTRATION ACT (42 U.S.C. 1973gg-1 et seq.) National Mail Voter Registration Form § 8.4 Contents....

  2. SU(6)⊃SU(3)⊗SU(2) and SU(8)⊃SU(4)⊗SU(2) Clebsch-Gordan coefficients

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Garcia-Recio, C.; Salcedo, L. L.

    2011-04-01

    Tables of scalar factors are presented for {63}⊗ {63} and {120}⊗ {63} in SU(8)⊃SU(4)⊗SU(2), and for {35}⊗ {35} and {56}⊗ {35} in SU(6)⊃SU(3)⊗SU(2). Related tables for SU(4)⊃SU(3)⊗U(1) and SU(3)⊃SU(2)⊗U(1) are also provided so that the Clebsch-Gordan coefficients can be completely reconstructed. These are suitable to study meson-meson and baryon-meson interactions within a spin-flavor symmetric scheme.

  3. Bromine-rich Zinc Bromides: Zn6Br12(18-crown-6)2×(Br2)5, Zn4Br8(18-crown-6)2×(Br2)3, and Zn6Br12(18-crown-6)2×(Br2)2.

    PubMed

    Hausmann, David; Feldmann, Claus

    2016-06-20

    The bromine-rich zinc bromides Zn6Br12(18-crown-6)2×(Br2)5 (1), Zn4Br8(18-crown-6)2×(Br2)3 (2), and Zn6Br12(18-crown-6)2×(Br2)2 (3) are prepared by reaction of ZnBr2, 18-crown-6, and elemental bromine in the ionic liquid [MeBu3N][N(Tf)2] (N(Tf)2 = bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide). Zn6Br12(18-crown-6)2×(Br2)5 (1) is formed instantaneously by the reaction. Even at room temperature, compound 1 releases bromine, which was confirmed by thermogravimetry (TG) and mass spectrometry (MS). The release of Br2 can also be directly followed by the color and density of the title compounds. With controlled conditions (2 weeks, 25 °C, absence of excess Br2) Zn6Br12(18-crown-6)2×(Br2)5 (1) slowly releases bromine with conconcurrent generation of Zn4Br8(18-crown-6)2×(Br2)3 (2) (in ionic liquid) and Zn6Br12(18-crown-6)2×(Br2)2 (3) (in inert oil). All bromine-rich zinc bromides contain voluminous uncharged (e.g., Zn3Br6(18-crown-6), Zn2Br4(18-crown-6)) or ionic (e.g., [Zn2Br3(18-crown-6)](+), [(Zn2Br6)×(Br2)2](2-)) building units with dibromine molecules between the Zn oligomers and partially interconnecting the Zn-containing building units. Due to the structural similarity, the bromine release is possible via crystal-to-crystal transformation with retention of the crystal shape. PMID:27281122

  4. Performance of a small, graphite electrode, multistage depressed collector with a 500-W, continuous wave, 4.8- to 9.6-GHz traveling wave tube

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ramins, Peter; Lesny, Gary G.; Ebihara, Ben T.; Peet, Shelly

    1988-01-01

    A small, isotropic graphite multistage depressed collector (MDC) and a short permanent magnet refocuser were designed, fabricated, and evaluated in conjunction with a 500-W, continuous-wave (CW), 4.8 to 9.6 GHz traveling wave tube (TWT). A novel performance optimization system and technique were used to optimize the TWT-MDC performance for saturated broad-band operation. The MDC performance was evaluated in both four- and three-stage configurations. Average TWT overall and four-stage collector efficiencies of 43.8 and 82.6 percent, respectively, were obtained for saturated octave-bandwidth operation. The isotropic graphite electrode material performed well, and shows considerable promise. However, considerably more test experience is required before definitive conclusions on its suitability for space and airborne TWT's can be made.

  5. Unexpected ring-closure products derived from 3-(2-allylanilino)-3-phenylacrylate esters: crystal and molecular structures of 3-acetyl-8-allyl-6-methyl-2-phenylquinolin-4-yl acetate and (2RS)-2,8-dimethyl-4-phenyl-1,2-dihydro-6H-pyrrolo[3,2,1-ij]quinolin-6-one.

    PubMed

    Luque, Adriana L; Sanabria, Carlos M; Palma, Alirio; Cobo, Justo; Glidewell, Christopher

    2016-08-01

    The reactions of two 3-(2-allylanilino)-3-phenylacrylate esters with acetic anhydride and with strong acids has revealed a richly diverse reactivity providing a number of unexpected products. Thus, acetylation of ethyl 3-(2-allylanilino)-3-phenylacrylate, (Ia), or ethyl 3-(2-allyl-4-methylanilino)-3-phenylacrylate, (Ib), with acetic anhydride yields not only the expected acetylated esters, (II), as the major products but also the unexpected polysubstituted quinolines 3-acetyl-8-allyl-2-phenylquinolin-4-yl acetate, (IIIa), and 3-acetyl-8-allyl-6-methyl-2-phenylquinolin-4-yl acetate, (IIIb), as minor products. Subsequent reaction of the major product ethyl 2-[(2-allyl-4-methylanilino)(phenyl)methylidene]-3-oxobutanoate, (IIb), with concentrated sulfuric acid did not provide the expected 3-acetylquinoline derivative, but instead two unexpected products, namely ethyl 4-ethyl-2-phenyl-1,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylate, (IV), and ethyl 3-acetyl-4-ethyl-2-phenyl-3,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylate, (V), in yields of 39 and 22%, respectively. The reaction of (Ib) with Eaton's reagent gave both the quinoline (Z)-6-methyl-2-phenyl-8-(prop-1-en-1-yl)quinolin-4(1H)-one, (VI), and the unexpected tricyclic product (2RS)-2,8-dimethyl-4-phenyl-1,2-dihydro-6H-pyrrolo[3,2,1-ij]quinolin-6-one, (VII), in yields of 71 and 12%, respectively. The products (II)-(VII) have all been fully characterized spectroscopically and the crystal structures of two of the unexpected products, i.e. (IIIb) (C23H21NO3) and (VII) (C19H17NO), are reported here. The formation of compounds (IV), (V) and (VII) all require an isomerization of the initial allyl substituent, with migration of the C=C double bond from the terminal site to the internal site. In (IIIb), the two acetyl substituents are oriented such that the intramolecular distance between the two carbonyl O atoms is only 3.243 (2) Å, and in (VII), the five-membered ring adopts a twisted half-chair conformation. The molecules of compound (IIIb

  6. Synthesis, crystal structure and magnetic properties of a new copper oxo-antimony sulphate CuSb6O8(SO4)2.

    PubMed

    Zimmermann, Iwan; Kremer, Reinhard K; Hu, Shichao; Johnsson, Mats

    2016-01-01

    The new copper oxo-antimony sulphate CuSb6O8(SO4)2 crystallizes in the triclinic space group P1[combining macron] with the unit cell parameters a = 5.5342(4) Å, b = 7.6706(6) Å, c = 9.2374(7) Å, α = 96.505(5)°, β = 93.818(4)°, γ = 109.733(4)° and Z = 1. The crystal structure is made up of layers stacking along [001]. The layers are charge neutral and are connected to each other by only weak interactions. The copper atoms adopt a square planar [CuO4] coordination and such units are well separated from each other by corner and edge sharing to [SbO4] building blocks. The latter polymerize to form sheets with the formula [Sb3O8]∞. Sulphate groups connect to the antimony oxide sheets by corner sharing and are located at the interface of the layers. Above ∼10 K the magnetic susceptibility follows very well a Curie-Weiss law whereas below 10 K increasing deviations indicate the onset of antiferromagnetic correlations. Fitting the data in the range 10-50 K yields a Curie-Weiss temperature θ of -2.25(5) K. A sharp anomaly centered at TC = 0.67 K in the heat capacity data indicates long-range magnetic ordering. Short range antiferromagnetic correlations well above TC are seen in the magnetic contribution to the heat capacity and the magnetic susceptibility. These can be well described by the magnetism of a spin S = 1/2 Heisenberg chain with the nearest neighbor antiferromagnetic spin exchange interaction of Jintra = ∼2.8 K. PMID:26619936

  7. Neolignans with a Rare 2-Oxaspiro[4.5]deca-6,9-dien-8-one Motif from the Stem Bark of Cinnamomum subavenium.

    PubMed

    Lai, Yongji; Liu, Tingting; Sa, Rongjian; Wei, Xialan; Xue, Yongbo; Wu, Zhaodi; Luo, Zengwei; Xiang, Ming; Zhang, Yonghui; Yao, Guangmin

    2015-07-24

    Two pairs of racemic spirodienone neolignans with a rare 2-oxaspiro[4.5]deca-6,9-dien-8-one motif, named (±)-subaveniumins A (1) and B (2), were isolated from the bark of Cinnamomum subavenium. The chiral separation of the (+)-1, (-)-1, (+)-2, and (-)-2 enantiomers was accomplished via high-performance liquid chromatography on a chiral column. Their structures were elucidated using single-crystal X-ray diffraction and spectroscopic analyses (UV, IR, HRESIMS, and 1D and 2D NMR). The absolute configurations of the enantiomers were determined by comparing the experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroic spectra. The (+)-1, (-)-1, (+)-2, and (-)-2 enantiomers exhibited moderate inhibitory effects against NO production in RAW264.7 mouse macrophages induced by lipopolysaccharide, with IC50 values of 17.9, 5.6, 15.1, and 4.3 μM, respectively. PMID:26087384

  8. SUPERSTARS III: 6-8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Education, Raleigh.

    SUPERSTARS III is a K-8 program designed as an enrichment opportunity for self-directed learners in mathematics. The basic purpose of SUPERSTARS III is to provide the extra challenge that self-motivated students need in mathematics and to do so in a structured, long-term program that does not impinge on the normal classroom routine or the…

  9. Study on energy transfer and energy migration of Ca2Gd8(SiO4)6O2:Dy3+ phosphor films.

    PubMed

    Wang, X Q; Han, X M; Zhen, C M

    2011-11-01

    Being a kind of rare-earth-metal silicate with oxidapatite structure, Ca2R8(SiO4)6O2 (R = Y, Gd, La) is a promising material doped with rare earth, and widely used as phosphors. In this thesis, Ca2Gd8(SiO4)6O2:Dy3+ films were prepared by the sol-gel method. X-ray diffraction (XRD), atomic force microscopy (AFM), photoluminescence (PL) spectra, and lifetimes were used to characterize the resulting films. AFM study indicated that the phosphor films consisted of 120 nm homogeneous particles. By combining the model of Burshtein for donor-donor migration and the V-F-B model for donor-acceptor energy transfer, the experimental luminescence decay curve of 6P(J) state of Gd3+ was re-simulated. It is found that concentration quenching of Gd3+ can be due to the result of the joint action of donor-donor (Gd3+-Gd3+) energy migration and donor-acceptor (Gd3+-Dy3+) energy transfer. PMID:22413278

  10. Theoretical study of the structures and first hyperpolarizabilities of C60Cl n and Li@C60Cl n (n = 4, 6, 8, 10).

    PubMed

    Song, Yao-Dong; Wang, Liang; Wu, Li-Ming

    2016-06-01

    We recently reported (Song Y-D et al., 2016, J Mol Model 22:50) that doping with Li greatly affects the static first hyperpolarizability of C60Cl2. In this work, with a view to creating nonlinear optical materials with high thermodynamic stability and wide transparent regions, a series of Li@C60Cl n (n = 4, 6, 8, 10) were designed. The structures, electrostatic potentials, electronic structures, absorption spectra, and linear and nonlinear optical properties of C60Cl n and Li@C60Cl n were systematically investigated using density functional theory (DFT) methods. The results of our calculations indicated that the stability of these molecules decreases in the order Li@C60Cl10 > Li@C60Cl8 > Li@C60Cl6 > Li@C60Cl4. It is clear that the number of Cl atoms greatly influences the stability of Li@C60Cl n . Li@C60Cl n showed greater thermodynamic stability than Li@C60Cl2. We also investigated the first hyperpolarizabilities of Li@C60Cl n and found them to be 2973, 3640, 4307, and 2627 au for n = 4, 6, 8, and 10, respectively-higher than that of Li@C60Cl2. Finally, we noted that the transparent region could be modulated by increasing the number of Cl atoms: Li@C60Cl n possess wider transparent regions than that of Li@C60Cl2. We therefore believe that this study has highlighted an effective method for designing nonlinear optical materials with high thermodynamic stability and wide transparent regions. PMID:27188724

  11. Volumetric Properties of the Mixture 1,3-Dioxane C4H8O2 + C6H12 Cyclohexane (VMSD1511, LB5121_V)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cibulka, I.; Fontaine, J.-C.; Sosnkowska-Kehiaian, K.; Kehiaian, H. V.

    This document is part of Subvolume B 'Binary Liquid Systems of Nonelectrolytes II' of Volume 26 'Heats of Mixing, Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium, and Volumetric Properties of Mixtures and Solutions' of Landolt-Börnstein Group IV 'Physical Chemistry'. It contains the Chapter 'Volumetric Properties of the Mixture 1,3-Dioxane C4H8O2 + C6H12 Cyclohexane (VMSD1511, LB5121_V)' providing data from direct measurement of low-pressure thermodynamic speed of sound at variable mole fraction and constant temperature, in the single-phase region(s).

  12. Volumetric Properties of the Mixture 1,3-Dioxane C4H8O2 + C6H12 Cyclohexane (VMSD1111, LB5124_V)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cibulka, I.; Fontaine, J.-C.; Sosnkowska-Kehiaian, K.; Kehiaian, H. V.

    This document is part of Subvolume B 'Binary Liquid Systems of Nonelectrolytes II' of Volume 26 'Heats of Mixing, Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium, and Volumetric Properties of Mixtures and Solutions' of Landolt-Börnstein Group IV 'Physical Chemistry'. It contains the Chapter 'Volumetric Properties of the Mixture 1,3-Dioxane C4H8O2 + C6H12 Cyclohexane (VMSD1111, LB5124_V)' providing data from direct low-pressure measurement of mass density at variable mole fraction and constant temperature, in the single-phase region(s).

  13. Heat of Mixing and Solution of 1,3-Dioxane C4H8O2 + C6H12 Cyclohexane (HMSD1111, LB4308_H)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cibulka, I.; Fontaine, J.-C.; Sosnkowska-Kehiaian, K.; Kehiaian, H. V.

    This document is part of Subvolume B 'Binary Liquid Systems of Nonelectrolytes II' of Volume 26 'Heats of Mixing, Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium, and Volumetric Properties of Mixtures and Solutions' of Landolt-Börnstein Group IV 'Physical Chemistry'. It contains the Chapter 'Heat of Mixing and Solution of 1,3-Dioxane C4H8O2 + C6H12 Cyclohexane (HMSD1111, LB4308_H)' providing data from direct low-pressure calorimetric measurement of molar excess enthalpy at variable mole fraction and constant temperature.

  14. Volumetric Properties of the Mixture 1,3-Dioxane C4H8O2 + C6H12 Cyclohexane (VMSD1212, LB5126_V)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cibulka, I.; Fontaine, J.-C.; Sosnkowska-Kehiaian, K.; Kehiaian, H. V.

    This document is part of Subvolume B 'Binary Liquid Systems of Nonelectrolytes II' of Volume 26 'Heats of Mixing, Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium, and Volumetric Properties of Mixtures and Solutions' of Landolt-Börnstein Group IV 'Physical Chemistry'. It contains the Chapter 'Volumetric Properties of the Mixture 1,3-Dioxane C4H8O2 + C6H12 Cyclohexane (VMSD1212, LB5126_V)' providing data by calculation of molar excess volume from low-pressure density measurements at variable mole fraction and constant temperature.

  15. 3,5,6,7,8,3',4'-Heptamethoxyflavone, a citrus flavonoid, on protection against memory impairment and neuronal cell death in a global cerebral ischemia mouse model.

    PubMed

    Okuyama, Satoshi; Morita, Mayu; Miyoshi, Kazuhiro; Nishigawa, Yuki; Kaji, Miki; Sawamoto, Atsushi; Terugo, Tsukasa; Toyoda, Nobuki; Makihata, Nahomi; Amakura, Yoshiaki; Yoshimura, Morio; Nakajima, Mitsunari; Furukawa, Yoshiko

    2014-05-01

    The present study evaluated the effects of treatment with the citrus flavonoid, 3,5,6,7,8,3',4'-heptamethoxyflavone (HMF) on protection against memory impairment and neuronal death in a global cerebral ischemia mouse model. The results showed that HMF, administrated for three days immediately after ischemic surgery, protected against ischemia-induced memory dysfunction, rescued neuronal cell death in the CA1 cell layer, increased the production of BDNF, stimulated the autophosphorylation of CaMK II and suppressed microglial activation in the hippocampus. These results suggest that HMF has a neuroprotective effect after brain ischemia by inducing BDNF production and anti-inflammatory effects. PMID:24657445

  16. On the 6A 1 ← 4T 1 luminescence of Fe 3+ in disordered nanocrystalline LiGa 5O 8 prepared by a combustion reaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Riesen, Hans

    2008-08-01

    A combustion reaction yields nanocrystalline LiGa 5O 8 in the inverse-spinel phase ( Fd3 m) in contrast to previous attempts by quenching microcrystalline powders from 1350 °C. This follows from XRD, IR and luminescence spectra of Fe 3+ at 298, 78 and 2.5 K. The ordered phase is obtained by calcination at 900 °C of the combustion product. The Fe 3+ luminescence is assigned to the 6A 1(S) ← 4T 1(G) transition of ions in tetrahedral sites in both polymorphs; this is confirmed by the similar behaviour of the 4A 2(F) ← 4T 1(P) luminescence of Co 2+ upon the order-disorder transition. The variation of the luminescence spectra is explained in terms of inhomogeneity and the Td → C3 symmetry reduction.

  17. Discovery of a series of 8-(2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzoxazin-4-ylmethyl)-2-morpholino-4-oxo-chromene-6-carboxamides as PI3Kβ/δ inhibitors for the treatment of PTEN-deficient tumours.

    PubMed

    Barlaam, Bernard; Cosulich, Sabina; Degorce, Sébastien; Fitzek, Martina; Green, Stephen; Hancox, Urs; Lambert-van der Brempt, Christine; Lohmann, Jean-Jacques; Maudet, Mickaël; Morgentin, Rémy; Péru, Aurélien; Plé, Patrick; Saleh, Twana; Ward, Lara; Warin, Nicolas

    2016-05-01

    We report the discovery and optimisation of a series of 8-(2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzoxazin-4-ylmethyl)-2-morpholino-4-oxo-chromene-6-carboxamides, leading to compound 16 as a potent and selective PI3Kβ/δ inhibitor: PI3Kβ cell IC50 0.012μM (in PTEN null MDA-MB-468 cell) and PI3Kδ cell IC50 0.047μM (in Jeko-1 B-cell), with good pharmacokinetics and physical properties. In vivo, 16 showed profound pharmacodynamic modulation of AKT phosphorylation in a mouse PTEN-deficient PC3 prostate tumour xenograft after a single oral dose and gave excellent tumour growth inhibition in the same model after chronic oral dosing. Compound 16 was selected as a preclinical candidate for the treatment of PTEN-deficient tumours. PMID:26996374

  18. Optimized anisotropic magnetoelectric response of Fe61.6Co16.4Si10.8B11.2/PVDF/Fe61.6Co16.4Si10.8B11.2 laminates for AC/DC magnetic field sensing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reis, S.; Silva, M. P.; Castro, N.; Correia, V.; Gutierrez, J.; Lasheras, A.; Lanceros-Mendez, S.; Martins, P.

    2016-05-01

    The anisotropic magnetoelectric (ME) effect on a Fe61.6Co16.4Si10.8B11.2/PVDF Fe61.6Co16.4Si10.8B11.2 laminate composite has been used for the development of a magnetic field sensor able to detect both the magnitude and direction of AC and DC magnetic fields. The accuracy (99% for both AC and DC sensors), linearity (92% for the DC sensor and 99% for the AC sensor) and reproducibility (99% for both sensors) indicate the suitability of the sensor for applications. Furthermore, the sensitivity of the Fe61.6Co16.4Si10.8B11.2/PVDF/Fe61.6Co16.4Si10.8B11.2 anisotropic magnetic sensor—15 and 1400 mV Oe‑1 for the DC and AC fields, respectively—are the highest reported in the literature for polymer-based ME materials. Such features, combined with its flexibility, versatility, light weight, low cost and low-temperature fabrication, lead to the suitability of the developed sensor for use in magnetic sensor applications.

  19. The halogen-bonded adduct 1,4-bis(pyri-din-4-yl)buta-1,3-diyne-1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,8,8-hexa-deca-fluoro-1,8-diiodo-octane (1/1).

    PubMed

    Cavallo, Gabriella; Marras, Giovanni; Metrangolo, Pierangelo; Pilati, Tullio; Terraneo, Giancarlo

    2013-03-01

    In the crystal structure of the title compound, C8F16I2·C14H8N2, the mol-ecules form infinite chains parallel to [2-11] through two symmetry-independent C-I⋯N halogen bonds (XBs). As commonly found, the perfluoro-alkyl mol-ecules segregate from the hydro-carbon ones, forming a layered structure. Apart from the XBs, the only contact below the sum of van der Waals radii is a weak H⋯F contact. The topology of the network is a nice example of the paradigm of the expansion of ditopic starting modules; the XB leads to the construction of infinite supramolecular chains along [2-11] formed by alternating XB donors and acceptors. PMID:23476525

  20. 24 CFR 8.6 - Communications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Communications. 8.6 Section 8.6... URBAN DEVELOPMENT General Provisions § 8.6 Communications. (a) The recipient shall take appropriate steps to ensure effective communication with applicants, beneficiaries, and members of the public....

  1. 24 CFR 8.6 - Communications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Communications. 8.6 Section 8.6... URBAN DEVELOPMENT General Provisions § 8.6 Communications. (a) The recipient shall take appropriate steps to ensure effective communication with applicants, beneficiaries, and members of the public....

  2. 43 CFR 8.6 - Buildings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Buildings. 8.6 Section 8.6 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior JOINT POLICIES OF THE DEPARTMENTS OF THE INTERIOR AND OF THE ARMY RELATIVE TO RESERVOIR PROJECT LANDS § 8.6 Buildings. Buildings for human occupancy as well...

  3. 43 CFR 8.6 - Buildings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Buildings. 8.6 Section 8.6 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior JOINT POLICIES OF THE DEPARTMENTS OF THE INTERIOR AND OF THE ARMY RELATIVE TO RESERVOIR PROJECT LANDS § 8.6 Buildings. Buildings for human occupancy as well...

  4. 43 CFR 8.6 - Buildings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Buildings. 8.6 Section 8.6 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior JOINT POLICIES OF THE DEPARTMENTS OF THE INTERIOR AND OF THE ARMY RELATIVE TO RESERVOIR PROJECT LANDS § 8.6 Buildings. Buildings for human occupancy as well...

  5. 43 CFR 8.6 - Buildings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Buildings. 8.6 Section 8.6 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior JOINT POLICIES OF THE DEPARTMENTS OF THE INTERIOR AND OF THE ARMY RELATIVE TO RESERVOIR PROJECT LANDS § 8.6 Buildings. Buildings for human occupancy as well...

  6. 43 CFR 8.6 - Buildings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Buildings. 8.6 Section 8.6 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior JOINT POLICIES OF THE DEPARTMENTS OF THE INTERIOR AND OF THE ARMY RELATIVE TO RESERVOIR PROJECT LANDS § 8.6 Buildings. Buildings for human occupancy as well...

  7. 27 CFR 8.6 - Administrative provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Administrative provisions. 8.6 Section 8.6 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS EXCLUSIVE OUTLETS Scope of Regulations § 8.6 Administrative provisions. (a) General. The Act makes applicable...

  8. 24 CFR 8.6 - Communications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Communications. 8.6 Section 8.6... URBAN DEVELOPMENT General Provisions § 8.6 Communications. (a) The recipient shall take appropriate steps to ensure effective communication with applicants, beneficiaries, and members of the public....

  9. 31 CFR 8.6 - Special orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Special orders. 8.6 Section 8.6 Money..., TOBACCO AND FIREARMS General Requirements § 8.6 Special orders. The secretary reserves the power to issue special orders as he or she may deem proper in any cases within the scope of this part....

  10. The g-tensor of the flavin cofactor in (6-4) photolyase: a 360 GHz/12.8 T electron paramagnetic resonance study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schnegg, A.; Kay, C. W. M.; Schleicher, E.; Hitomi, K.; Todo, T.; Möbius, K.; Weber, S.

    2006-05-01

    The g-tensor of the neutral radical form of the flavin adenine dinucleotide cofactor FADH• of (6-4) photolyase from Xenopus laevis has been determined by very high-magnetic-field/high-microwave-frequency electron-paramagnetic resonance (EPR) performed at 360 GHz/12.8 T. Due to the high spectral resolution the anisotropy of the g-tensor could be fully resolved in the frozen-solution continuous-wave EPR spectrum. By least square fittings of spectral simulations to experimental data, the principal values of the g-tensor have been established: gX = 2.00433(5), gY = 2.00368(5), gZ = 2.00218(7). A comparison of very high-field EPR data and proton and deuteron electron-nuclear double resonance measurements yielded precise information concerning the orientation of the g-tensor with respect to the molecular frame. This data allowed a comparison to be made between the principal values of the g-tensors of the FADH• cofactors of photolyases involved in the repair of two different DNA lesions: the cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer (CPD) and the (6-4) photoproduct. It was found that gX and gZ are similar in both enzymes, whereas the gY component is slightly larger in (6-4) photolyase. This result clearly shows the sensitivity of the g-tensor to subtle differences in the protein environment experienced by the flavin.

  11. Low Power Resistive Oxygen Sensor Based on Sonochemical SrTi0.6Fe0.4O2.8 (STFO40).

    PubMed

    Stratulat, Alisa; Serban, Bogdan-Catalin; de Luca, Andrea; Avramescu, Viorel; Cobianu, Cornel; Brezeanu, Mihai; Buiu, Octavian; Diamandescu, Lucian; Feder, Marcel; Ali, Syed Zeeshan; Udrea, Florin

    2015-01-01

    The current paper reports on a sonochemical synthesis method for manufacturing nanostructured (typical grain size of 50 nm) SrTi0.6Fe0.4O2.8 (Sono-STFO40) powder. This powder is characterized using X ray-diffraction (XRD), Mössbauer spectroscopy and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and results are compared with commercially available SrTi0.4Fe0.6O2.8 (STFO60) powder. In order to manufacture resistive oxygen sensors, both Sono-STFO40 and STFO60 are deposited, by dip-pen nanolithography (DPN) method, on an SOI (Silicon-on-Insulator) micro-hotplate, employing a tungsten heater embedded within a dielectric membrane. Oxygen detection tests are performed in both dry (RH = 0%) and humid (RH = 60%) nitrogen atmosphere, varying oxygen concentrations between 1% and 16% (v/v), at a constant heater temperature of 650 °C. The oxygen sensor, based on the Sono-STFO40 sensing layer, shows good sensitivity, low power consumption (80 mW), and short response time (25 s). These performance are comparable to those exhibited by state-of-the-art O2 sensors based on STFO60, thus proving Sono-STFO40 to be a material suitable for oxygen detection in harsh environments. PMID:26205267

  12. Low Power Resistive Oxygen Sensor Based on Sonochemical SrTi0.6Fe0.4O2.8 (STFO40)

    PubMed Central

    Stratulat, Alisa; Serban, Bogdan-Catalin; de Luca, Andrea; Avramescu, Viorel; Cobianu, Cornel; Brezeanu, Mihai; Buiu, Octavian; Diamandescu, Lucian; Feder, Marcel; Ali, Syed Zeeshan; Udrea, Florin

    2015-01-01

    The current paper reports on a sonochemical synthesis method for manufacturing nanostructured (typical grain size of 50 nm) SrTi0.6Fe0.4O2.8 (Sono-STFO40) powder. This powder is characterized using X ray-diffraction (XRD), Mössbauer spectroscopy and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and results are compared with commercially available SrTi0.4Fe0.6O2.8 (STFO60) powder. In order to manufacture resistive oxygen sensors, both Sono-STFO40 and STFO60 are deposited, by dip-pen nanolithography (DPN) method, on an SOI (Silicon-on-Insulator) micro-hotplate, employing a tungsten heater embedded within a dielectric membrane. Oxygen detection tests are performed in both dry (RH = 0%) and humid (RH = 60%) nitrogen atmosphere, varying oxygen concentrations between 1% and 16% (v/v), at a constant heater temperature of 650 °C. The oxygen sensor, based on the Sono-STFO40 sensing layer, shows good sensitivity, low power consumption (80 mW), and short response time (25 s). These performance are comparable to those exhibited by state-of-the-art O2 sensors based on STFO60, thus proving Sono-STFO40 to be a material suitable for oxygen detection in harsh environments. PMID:26205267

  13. Suppression of Adipogenesis by 5-Hydroxy-3,6,7,8,3',4'-Hexamethoxyflavone from Orange Peel in 3T3-L1 Cells.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yu; Lee, Pei-Sheng; Chen, Yi-Fen; Ho, Chi-Tang; Pan, Min-Hsiung

    2016-09-01

    We reported previously that hydroxylated polymethoxyflavones (HPMFs) effectively suppressed obesity in high-fat-induced mouse. In this study, we further investigated the molecular mechanism of action of 5-hydroxy-3,6,7,8,3',4'-hexamethoxyflavone (5-OH-HxMF), one of major HPMFs in orange peel. Treatment of 5-OH-HxMF effectively inhibited lipid accumulation by 55-60% in a dose-dependent manner. The 5-OH-HxMF attenuated adipogenesis through downregulating adipogenesis-related transcription factors such as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) and CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins (C/EBPs), as well as downstream target fatty acid synthase and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC). 5-OH-HxMF activated adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase signaling and silent mating type information regulation 1 (SIRTUIN 1 or SIRT1) in 3T3-L1 adipocytes to decrease lipid accumulation. In addition, the inhibition rate of lipid accumulation was compared between 5-OH-HxMF and 3,5,6,7,8,3',4'-heptamethoxyflavone (HpMF). 5-OH-HxMF inhibited lipid accumulation 15-20% more than HpMF did, indicating that hydroxyl group at position 5 can be a key factor in the suppression of adipogenesis. PMID:27542074

  14. Synthesis and characterization of silver and cesium derivatives of Na8[GaSiO4]6(OH)2 sodalite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Borhade, A. V.; Wakchaure, S. G.

    2015-03-01

    Gallosilicate hydroxy sodalite, Na8[GaSiO4]6(OH)2 was synthesized at low temperature by hydrothermal method (373 K) and further the sodium ions were partially exchanged with silver and cesium. The obtained products were characterized by IR spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, MAS NMR, TGA and SEM. Parent hydroxy sodalite and its silver and cesium derivatives show cubic symmetry with a space group 3 n. The crystal structures were refined by Rietveld method. The unit cell parameter, a = 8.8527 Å for parent hydroxy sodalite, 8.8342 Å for the silver derivative and 8.9367 Å for cesium one. The 29Si MAS NMR of parent hydroxy sodalite confirms the alternating Ga and Si ordering in sodalite framework, while 23Na MAS NMR shows the effect of cation substitution. The SEM pictures are very regular and show sharp growth for parent sodalite, while the crystal morphology remains nearly same for the silver and cesium derivatives.

  15. Assembly of 4-, 6- and 8-connected Cd(II) pseudo-polymorphic coordination polymers: Synthesis, solvent-dependent structural variation and properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Zhao-Hao; Xue, Li-Ping; Miao, Shao-Bin; Zhao, Bang-Tun

    2016-08-01

    The reaction of Cd(NO3)2·4H2O, 2,5-thiophenedicarboxylic acid (H2tdc) and 1,2-bis(imidazol-1‧-yl)methane (bimm) by modulating solvent systems yielded three highly connected pseudo-polymorphic coordination polymers based on different dinuclear [Cd2(CO2)2] subunits bridged by carboxylate groups. Single crystal structural analyses reveal structural variation from 4-connected 2D sql layer, 6-connected 2-fold interpenetrated 3D pcu to 8-connected 3D bcu-type network in compounds 1-3. The structural dissimilarity in the structures dependent on the coordination environments of Cd(II) ions and linking modes of mixed ligand influenced by different solvent systems during the synthesis process. Moreover, thermogravimetric and photoluminescence behaviors of 1-3 were also investigated for the first time, and all the complexes emit blue luminescence in the solid state.

  16. High-speed anisotropic etching of quartz using SF 6/C 4F 8/Ar/O II based chemistry in inductively coupled plasma reactive ion etching system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goyal, Abhijat; Hood, Vincent; Tadigadapa, Srinivas

    2006-01-01

    Etching of quartz and glass for microsystems applications requires optimization of the etch process for high etch rates, high aspect ratios and low rms surface roughness of the etched features. Typically, minimum surface roughness of the etched feature accompanied with maximum etch rate and anisotropy are desired. In this article, we investigate the effect of different gas chemistries on the etch rate and rms surface roughness of the Pyrex(R) 7740 in an inductively coupled plasma reactive ion etching (ICP-RIE) system. The gases considered were SF6 and c-C4F8, with additives gases comprising of O2, Ar, and CH4. A standard factorial design of experiment (DOE) methodology was used for finding the effect of variation of process parameters on the etch rate and rms surface roughness. By use of 2000 W of ICP power, 475 W of substrate power, SF6 flow rate of 5 sccm, Ar flow rate of 50 sccm, substrate holder temperature of 20°C, and distance of substrate holder from ICP source to be 120 mm, we were able to obtain an etch rate of 0.536 μm/min and a rms surface roughness of ~1.97 nm. For an etch process optimized for high etch rate and minimum surface roughness using C4F8/SF6/O2/Ar gases, an etch rate of 0.55 μm/min and a rms surface roughness of ~25 nm was obtained for SF6 flow rate of 5 sccm, C4F8 flow rate of 5 sccm, O2 flow rate of 50 sccm, Ar flow rate of 50 sccm. Keeping all other process parameters the same, increasing the SF6 flow rate to 50 sccm resulted in an etch rate of 0.7 μm/min at an rms surface roughness of ~800 nm whereas increasing the C4F8 flow rate to 50 sccm resulted in an etch rate of 0.67 μm/min at an rms surface roughness of ~450 nm . Addition of CH4 did not contribute significantly to the etch rate while at the same time causing significant increase in the rms surface roughness. Regression or least square fit was used define an arbitrary etch rate number (Wetch) and rms surface roughness number (Wrms). These numbers were calculated by least

  17. Pump-probe photoelectron velocity-map imaging of autoionizing singly excited 4s{sup 1}4p{sup 6}np{sup 1}(n=7,8) and doubly excited 4s{sup 2}4p{sup 4}5s{sup 1}6p{sup 1} resonances in atomic krypton

    SciTech Connect

    Doughty, Benjamin; Haber, Louis H.; Leone, Stephen R.

    2011-10-15

    Pump-probe photoelectron velocity-map imaging, using 27-eV high-harmonic excitation and 786-nm ionization, is used to resolve overlapping autoionizing resonances in atomic krypton, obtaining two-photon photoelectron angular distributions (PADs) for singly and doubly excited states. Two features in the photoelectron spectrum are assigned to singly excited 4s{sup 1}4p{sup 6}np{sup 1} (n = 7,8) configurations and four features provide information about double excitation configurations. The anisotropy parameters for the singly excited 7p configuration are measured to be {beta}{sub 2} = 1.61 {+-} 0.06 and {beta}{sub 4} = 1.54 {+-} 0.16 while the 8p configuration gives {beta}{sub 2} = 1.23 {+-} 0.19 and {beta}{sub 4} = 0.60 {+-} 0.15. These anisotropies most likely represent the sum of overlapping PADs from states of singlet and triplet spin multiplicities. Of the four bands corresponding to ionization of doubly excited states, two are assigned to 4s{sup 2}4p{sup 4}5s{sup 1}6p{sup 1} configurations that are probed to different J-split ion states. The two remaining doubly excited states are attributed to a previously observed, but unassigned, resonance in the vacuum-ultraviolet photoabsorption spectrum. The PADs from each of the double excitation states are also influenced by overlap from neighboring states that are not completely spectrally resolved. The anisotropies of the observed double excitation states are reported, anticipating future theoretical and experimental work to separate the overlapping PADs into the state resolved PADs. The results can be used to test theories of excited state ionization.

  18. 4-Hydroxybenzyl modification of the highly teratogenic retinoid, 4-[(1E)-2-(5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propen-1-yl]benzoic acid (TTNPB), yields a compound that induces apoptosis in breast cancer cells and shows reduced teratogenicity.

    PubMed

    Anding, Allyson L; Nieves, Nirca J; Abzianidze, Victoria V; Collins, Michael D; Curley, Robert W; Clagett-Dame, Margaret

    2011-11-21

    Retinoids are a class of compounds with structural similarity to vitamin A. These compounds inhibit the proliferation of many cancer cell lines but have had limited medical application as they are often toxic at therapeutic levels. Efforts to synthesize retinoids with a greater therapeutic index have met with limited success. 4-[(1E)-2-(5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propen-1-yl]benzoic acid (TTNPB) is one of the most biologically active all-trans-retinoic acid (atRA) analogues and is highly teratogenic. In this study, we show that modification of the TTNPB carboxyl group with an N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)amido (4HPTTNPB) or a 4-hydroxybenzyl (4HBTTNPB) group changes the activity of the compound in cell culture and in vivo. Unlike TTNPB, both compounds induce apoptosis in cancer cells and bind poorly to the retinoic acid receptors (RARs). Like the similarly modified all-trans-retinoic acid (atRA) analogues N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide (4-HPR/fenretinide) and 4-hydroxybenzylretinone (4-HBR), 4HBTTNPB is a potent activator of components of the ER stress pathway. The amide-linked analogue, 4HPTTNPB, is less toxic to developing embryos than the parent TTNPB, and most significantly, the 4-hydroxybenzyl-modified compound (4HBTTNPB) that cannot be hydrolyzed in vivo to the parent TTNPB compound is nearly devoid of teratogenic liability. PMID:21939267

  19. The Monte Carlo event generator AcerMC versions 2.0 to 3.8 with interfaces to PYTHIA 6.4, HERWIG 6.5 and ARIADNE 4.1

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kersevan, Borut Paul; Richter-Waş, Elzbieta

    2013-03-01

    parton density functions. Provided is also a set of control processes: qq¯→W→ℓν; qq¯→Z/γ∗→ℓℓ; gg,qq¯→tt¯ and gg→(tt¯→)WbWb¯; Reasons for new version: Implementation of several new processes and methods. Summary of revisions: Each version added new processes or functionalities, a detailed list is given in the section “Changes since AcerMC 1.0”. Restrictions: The package is optimised for the 14 TeV pp collision simulated in the LHC environment and also works at the achieved LHC energies of 7 TeV and 8 TeV. The consistency between results of the complete generation using PYTHIA 6.4 or HERWIG 6.5 interfaces is technically limited by the different approaches taken in both these generators for evaluating αQCD and αQED couplings and by the different models for fragmentation/hadronisation. For the consistency check, in the AcerMC library contains native coded definitions of the QCD and αQED. Using these native definitions leads to the same total cross-sections both with PYTHIA 6.4 or HERWIG 6.5 interfaces.

  20. 7 CFR 8.6 - Authorization for use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authorization for use. 8.6 Section 8.6 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture 4-H CLUB NAME AND EMBLEM § 8.6 Authorization for use. (a) The... Research, Education, and Extension Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C....

  1. 43 CFR 6.8 - Foreign filing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Foreign filing. 6.8 Section 6.8 Public... Foreign filing. (a) By Government. (1) In every case where the employee has indicated pursuant to § 6.2(d... patent rights, the Government shall reserve an option to acquire assignment of all foreign...

  2. Genetic variability of VP7, VP4, VP6 and NSP4 genes of common human G1P[8] rotavirus strains circulating in Italy between 2010 and 2014.

    PubMed

    Ianiro, Giovanni; Delogu, Roberto; Fiore, Lucia; Ruggeri, Franco M

    2016-07-15

    Group A rotaviruses (RVA) are the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) in young children worldwide. The RVA outer capsid layer is composed of the VP7 and VP4 proteins. The VP7 (G-type) and VP4 (P-type) genotypes are the basis for the binary RVA nomenclature. At least 27 G-types and 37 P-types of RVA are currently known, but most of human infections are related to the five major genotypes G1P[8], G2P[4], G3P[8], G4P[8], and G9P[8]. Every year G1P[8] strains cause approximately 50% of all symptomatic RVA infections reported in children in Italy. Fifteen G1P[8] RVA strains identified in different areas of Italy between 2010 and 2014 were selected. Strains were subjected to nucleotide sequencing of the VP7, VP4, VP6 and NSP4 genes to investigate their genetic variability with respect to geographic area and date of detection. Phylogenetic analyses showed that the 15 G1P[8] RVA strains belonged to two different lineages for both the VP7 and NSP4 genes, and showed some intra-lineage diversity in VP4 and VP6 genes. Similarities between strains correlated by either area or date of detection were also evaluated. The results obtained by phylogenetic analyses were confirmed analyzing the deduced amino acid sequences of the VP7, VP4, VP6 and NSP4 proteins of the G1P[8] RVA strains, detecting several substitutions in all proteins. The genetic variability observed between common G1P[8] RVAs highlights the constant evolution of the RVA genome through random point mutations (genetic drift) and intra-genotype reassortment (genetic shift). The evolution and diversity of the G1 RVA strains observed in this study can be related to the naturally acquired herd immunity, which represents the main mechanism of selective pressure in Italy, where mass anti-rotavirus vaccination was missing during the years of the study. PMID:27130628

  3. 47 CFR 2.108 - Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite allocations in the 3.6-3.7, 4.5-4.8, and 5.85-5...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite... Allocation, Assignment, and Use of Radio Frequencies § 2.108 Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite allocations in the 3.6-3.7, 4.5-4.8, and 5.85-5.925 GHz bands. The use of the fixed-satellite allocations...

  4. 47 CFR 2.108 - Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite allocations in the 3.6-3.7, 4.5-4.8, and 5.85-5...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite... Allocation, Assignment, and Use of Radio Frequencies § 2.108 Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite allocations in the 3.6-3.7, 4.5-4.8, and 5.85-5.925 GHz bands. The use of the fixed-satellite allocations...

  5. 47 CFR 2.108 - Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite allocations in the 3.6-3.7, 4.5-4.8, and 5.85-5...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite... Allocation, Assignment, and Use of Radio Frequencies § 2.108 Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite allocations in the 3.6-3.7, 4.5-4.8, and 5.85-5.925 GHz bands. The use of the fixed-satellite allocations...

  6. 47 CFR 2.108 - Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite allocations in the 3.6-3.7, 4.5-4.8, and 5.85-5...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite... Allocation, Assignment, and Use of Radio Frequencies § 2.108 Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite allocations in the 3.6-3.7, 4.5-4.8, and 5.85-5.925 GHz bands. The use of the fixed-satellite allocations...

  7. 47 CFR 2.108 - Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite allocations in the 3.6-3.7, 4.5-4.8, and 5.85-5...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite... Allocation, Assignment, and Use of Radio Frequencies § 2.108 Policy regarding the use of the fixed-satellite allocations in the 3.6-3.7, 4.5-4.8, and 5.85-5.925 GHz bands. The use of the fixed-satellite allocations...

  8. Design, fabrication, and performance of brazed, graphite electrode, multistage depressed collectors with 500-W, continuous wave, 4.8- to 9.6-GHz traveling-wave tubes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ramins, Peter; Ebihara, Ben

    1989-01-01

    A small, isotropic graphite electrode, multistage depressed collector (MDC) was designed, fabricated, and evaluated in conjunction with a 500-W, continuous wave (CW), 4.8- to 9.6-GHz traveling-wave tube (TWT). The carbon electrode surfaces were used to improve the TWT overall efficiency by minimizing the secondary electron emission losses in the MDC. The design and fabrication of the brazed graphite MDC assembly are described. The brazing technique, which used copper braze filler metal, is compatible with both vacuum and the more commonly available hydrogen atmosphere brazing furnaces. The TWT and graphite electrode MCC bakeout, processing, and outgassing characteristics were evaluated and found to be comparable to TWT's equipped with copper electrode MDC's. The TWT and MDC performance was optimized for broadband CW operation at saturation. The average radiofrequency (RF), overall, and MDC efficiencies were 14.9, 46.4, and 83.6 percent, respectively, across the octave operating band. A 1500-hr CW test, conducted without the use of an appendage ion pump, showed no gas buildup and excellent stability of the electrode surfaces.

  9. Magnetic properties of Ni40+xMn39-xSn21 (x=0, 2, 4, 6 and 8 at.%) Heusler alloys

    SciTech Connect

    Lazpita, P.; Lograsso, T.; Schlagel, D. L.

    2014-01-27

    The low electron concentration region (e/a < 7.75) of the magnetic phase diagram of the off-stoichiometric Ni–Mn–Sn Heusler alloys was investigated in detail by DSC and magnetization measurements of the Ni40+xMn39−xSn21(x = 0, 2, 4, 6 and 8 at.%) alloys. The alloys show a stable austenitic phase without any martensitic transformation down to 5 K even after heat treatment. The Curie temperature exhibits a broad maximum over a large composition range. The evolution of the magnetic moment with the electron concentration fits the data of previous studies and confirms the peak-like dependence in the extended range of e/a values predicted by ab initio calculations. The explored part of the moment versus e/a curve can be explained in terms of a localized magnetic moment model and full atomic order in the alloys.

  10. Structural, dielectric and magnetic properties of Bi0.8Ba0.2Fe0.6Mn0.4O3 ceramic

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rangi, Manisha; Sanghi, S.; Agarwal, A.; Kaswan, K.; Jangra, S.; Singh, O.

    2016-05-01

    Polycrystalline Bi0.8Ba0.2Fe0.6Mn0.4O3 ceramic was synthesized via conventional two stage solid state reaction method. The crystal structure is examined via powder x-ray diffraction and Rietveld refinement revealed that the sample has a rhombohedral crystal structure (space group R3c). The dielectric response of the sample was analyzed in the frequency range 10 Hz to 5 MHz at different temperature. The values of dielectric constant (ɛ') and dielectric loss factor (tan δ) increases with increasing temperature at different frequencies which may be the result of increase in the number of charge carriers and their mobilities due to the thermal activation. M-H hysteresis loop was recorded at room temperature up to a field of 15 kOe which shows that there is slightly enhancement in magnetization with co-doping.

  11. Development of Ti-6Al-4V and Ti-1Al-8V-5Fe Alloys Using Low-Cost TiH2 Powder Feedstock

    SciTech Connect

    Joshi, Vineet V.; Lavender, Curt; Moxon, Vladimir; Duz, Vlad; Nyberg, Eric; Weil, K. Scott

    2012-09-25

    Thermo-mechanical processing was performed on two titanium alloy billets, a beta-titanium alloy (Ti1Al8V5Fe) and an alpha-beta titanium alloy (Ti6Al4V), which had been produced using a novel low-cost powder metallurgy process that relies on the use of TiH2 powder as a feedstock material. The thermomechanical processing was performed in the beta region of the respective alloys to form 16-mm diameter bars. The hot working followed by the heat treatment processes not only eliminated the porosity within the materials but also developed the preferred microstructures. Tensile testing and rotating beam fatigue tests were conducted on the as-rolled and heat-treated materials to evaluate their mechanical properties. The mechanical properties of these alloys matched well with those produced by the conventional ingot processing route.

  12. Synthesis of 2-amino-8-chloro-4-phenyl-5,11-dihydro-6H-pyrido[2,3-a]carbazole-3-carbonitrile: Structural and biological evaluation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Indumathi, Thangavel; Fronczek, Frank R.; Rajendra Prasad, K. J.

    2012-05-01

    The title compound 2-amino-8-chloro-4-phenyl-5,11-dihydro-6H-pyrido[2,3-a]carbazole-3-carbonitrile was prepared in good yield by multicomponent reaction under L-proline as promoter structure of the prepared compound was studied and characterized using IR, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopic techniques. The crystal structure of the compound was determined by X-ray diffraction on single crystals. The spectroscopic experimental evidences strongly suggested that the compound could interact with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) through intercalation. The cytotoxicity was evaluated by Sulforhodamine B assay against A-549, B16F10, HCT-15, SKMel2 and SKOV3 cell lines and compared with standard drug cisplatin. The title compound bearing the chloro group depicted better and selective cytotoxicity against SKMel2 cell line. The compound showed moderate capacity for scavenging DPPH.

  13. C,O-dialkylation of Meldrum's acid: synthesis and reactivity of 1,3,7,7-tetramethyl-4H,10H-6,8,9-trioxa-2-thiabenz[f]azulen-5-one.

    PubMed

    Snyder, Chad A; Selegue, John P; Dosunmu, Eniolami; Tice, Nathan C; Parkin, Sean

    2003-09-19

    Reaction of Meldrum's acid with 3,4-bis(chloromethyl)-2,5-dimethylthiophene (1) or 3,4-bis(bromomethyl)-2,5-dimethylthiophene (2) produces the kinetically favored C,O-dialkylation product, 1,3,7,7-tetramethyl-4H,10H-6,8,9-trioxa-2-thiabenz[f]azulen-5-one (4). Recrystallization of 4 from refluxing methanol results in the methanolysis product 5-(4-methoxymethyl-2,5-dimethylthiophen-3-ylmethyl)-2,2-dimethyl[1,3]dioxane-4,6-dione (5). Attempts to isomerize 4 to the thermodynamically favored C,C-dialkylation product, 1,3-dimethyl-5,6-dihydro-4H-cyclopenta[c]thiophene(2-spiro-5)2,2-dimethyl-4,6-dione (8), result in the formation of 1,3-dimethyl-7,8-dihydro-4H-thieno[3,4-c]oxepin-6-one (6). The transformation occurs via a retro-Diels-Alder elimination of acetone followed by hydrolysis and decarboxylation of the resulting ketene. The ketene is trapped by tert-butyl alcohol, furnishing 1,3-dimethyl-6-oxo-7,8-dihydro-4H,6H-thieno[3,4-c]oxepine-7-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (7). All compounds are characterized spectroscopically as well as by X-ray crystallography of products 4-7. PMID:12968900

  14. Studies of (Cs,Ba)-hollandite dissolution under gamma irradiation at 95 °C and at pH 2.5, 4.4 and 8.6

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suzuki-Muresan, T.; Vandenborre, J.; Abdelouas, A.; Grambow, B.; Utsunomiya, S.

    2011-12-01

    In the frame of the former French 1991-law on waste management, which was extended in 2006-law, hollandite ceramic was studied as a potential specific conditioning matrix for caesium isotopes (long-life radionuclide 135Cs and the strong heat generating radionuclide 137Cs). In this general study of Cs-containment in a ceramic matrix, the chemical durability was pointed out as a key property. Leaching experiments in static mode were conducted during 240 days at various pH-values from acidic to alkaline range. The initial leaching rates between 0 and 45 days are faster for Cs than for Ba and the average for the caesium are (1.4 ± 0.1) × 10 -4 g/m 2/d (pH 2.5), (6.4 ± 0.9) × 10 -5 g/m 2/d (pH 4.4) and (3.1 ± 0.6) × 10 -5 g/m 2/d (pH 8.6), and for the barium (6 ± 1) × 10 -5 g/m 2/d (pH 2.5), (2.8 ± 0.3) × 10 -5 g/m 2/d (pH 4.4), and (2 ± 2) × 10 -6 g/m 2/d (pH 8.6). At the equilibrium between 45 and 240 days, the normalised mass losses average for caesium are (8.2 ± 0.3) × 10 -3 g/m 2 (pH 2.5), (5.2 ± 0.4) × 10 -3 g/m 2 (pH 4.4) and (4.1 ± 0.2) × 10 -3 g/m 2 (pH 8.6), and for barium (3.7 ± 0.4) × 10 -3 g/m 2 (pH 2.5), (2.0 ± 0.1) × 10 -3 g/m 2 (pH 4.4) and (4 ± 2) × 10 -4 g/m 2 (pH 8.6). Caesium and barium are incongruently released in solution with a correlation slope close to 0.5 at pH 2.5 and pH 4.4 and very low (near 0.02) in alkaline solution. Sorption experiments with radioactive isotopes ( 137Cs and 133Ba) were conducted on hollandite pre-leached in aqueous solutions. Caesium and barium release is controlled by the surface reactions. Leaching experiments and isotopic addition experiments ( 137Cs- and 133Ba-radiotracer) indicate that caesium behaviour is independent on pH-values, whereas barium behaviour is strongly dependent. Additional experiments in the presence of gamma irradiation ( 60Co source) did not show any significant effect on hollandite leaching process.

  15. 2-[6,8-Dibromo-3-(4-hy­droxy­cyclo­hex­yl)-1,2,3,4-tetra­hydro­quinazolin-2-yl]phenol methanol 0.25-solvate

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Zhi-Gang; Wang, Rong; Zhi, Feng; Wang, Ming-Li

    2011-01-01

    The title compound, C20H22Br2N2O2·0.25CH4O, was synthesized by the condensation reaction of salicyl­aldehyde with 4-(2-amino-3,5-dibromo­benzyl­amino)­cyclo­hexa­nol in methanol. There are four independent main mol­ecules and two half-occupied methanol solvent mol­ecules in the asymmetric unit. The dihedral angles between the two benzene rings in the four mol­ecules are 87.8 (6), 86.6 (6), 89.3 (6) and 83.1 (6)°. Each mol­ecule features an intra­molecular O—H⋯N hydrogen bond and a short N—H⋯Br link. In the crystal components are linked by O—H⋯O hydrogen bonds. PMID:21754095

  16. Final analysis of proton form factor ratio data at Q2 = 4.0, 4.8, and 5.6 GeV2

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Puckett, A. J. R.; Brash, E. J.; Gayou, O.; Jones, M. K.; Pentchev, L.; Perdrisat, C. F.; Punjabi, V.; Aniol, K. A.; Averett, T.; Benmokhtar, F.; et al

    2012-04-11

    Recently published measurements of the proton electromagnetic form factor ratio R = μp GEp/GMp at momentum transfers Q2 up to 8.5 GeV2 in Jefferson Lab Hall C deviate from the linear trend of previous measurements in Jefferson Lab Hall A, favoring a slower rate of decrease of R with Q2. While statistically compatible in the region of overlap with Hall A, the Hall C data hint at a systematic difference between the two experiments. This possibility was investigated in a reanalysis of the Hall A data. We find that the original analysis underestimated the background in the selection of elasticmore » events. The application of an additional cut to further suppress the background increases the results for R, improving the consistency between Halls A and C.« less

  17. Manganese/cerium clusters spanning a range of oxidation levels and CeMn(8), Ce(2)Mn(4), and Ce(6)Mn(4) nuclearities: structural, magnetic, and EPR properties.

    PubMed

    Lampropoulos, Christos; Thuijs, Annaliese E; Mitchell, Kylie J; Abboud, Khalil A; Christou, George

    2014-07-01

    The syntheses, structures, and magnetic properties are reported for three new Ce/Mn clusters with different Ce/Mn ratios: [Ce6Mn4O12(O2CMe)10(NO3)4(py)4] (py = pyridine) (1), [CeMn8O8(O2CCH2(t)Bu)12(DMF)14] (DMF = dimethylformamide) (2), and [Ce2Mn4O2(O2CMe)6(NO3)4(hmp)4] (3; hmp(-) is the anion of 2-(hydroxymethyl)pyridine). 1 and 2 were obtained from the reaction of Ce(IV) with [Mn12O12(O2CMe)16(H2O)4] (Mn(III)8Mn(IV)4) and [Mn8O2(O2CCH2(t)Bu)14((t)BuCH2CO2H)4] (Mn(II)6Mn(III)2), respectively, whereas 3 resulted from the oxidation of Mn(II) acetate with Ce(IV) in the presence of hmpH. Cluster 1 possesses an unusual [Ce6Mn4O12](14+) core topology consisting of a [Ce6O8] face-capped octahedron, which is face-fused at each end to a [Ce(IV)2Mn(III)Mn(IV)O4] cubane. Cluster 2 possesses a nonplanar, saddlelike loop of eight Mn(III) atoms bridged by eight μ3-O(2-) ions to a central Ce(IV) atom. Cluster 3 is similar to 1 in possessing an octahedral core, but this is now a [Ce2Mn4] octahedron consisting of a Ce(III) atom on either side of a Mn4 parallelogram, with the metal atoms bridged by two μ4-O(2-) ions, the alkoxide arms of four hmp(-) groups, and six acetates. Clusters 1, 2, and 3 are thus at the Ce(IV)6Mn(III)2Mn(IV)2, Ce(IV)Mn(III)8, and Ce(III)2Mn(III)4 oxidation levels, respectively. Variable-temperature, solid-state direct current (DC) and alternating current (AC) magnetization studies on 1-3 in the 5.0-300 K range revealed predominantly antiferromagnetic exchange interactions within the complexes. For 1, fitting of the DC data to the theoretical expression for a dinuclear Mn(III)Mn(IV) complex derived using the Van Vleck equation and an isotropic spin Hamiltonian (ℋ = -2JŜi·Ŝj convention) gave a value for the exchange coupling parameter (J) of -60.4(7) cm(-1) and a Landé factor g = 2.00(1), indicating an S = 1/2 ground state. For 2, both DC and AC data indicate an S = 0 ground state, which is unprecedented for a member of the CeMn8 family and now

  18. New 7-arylpiperazinylalkyl-8-morpholin-4-yl-purine-2,6-dione derivatives with anxiolytic activity - Synthesis, crystal structure and structure-activity study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chłoń-Rzepa, Grażyna; Żmudzki, Paweł; Pawłowski, Maciej; Wesołowska, Anna; Satała, Grzegorz; Bojarski, Andrzej J.; Jabłoński, Mateusz; Kalinowska-Tłuścik, Justyna

    2014-06-01

    On the basis of our earlier studies with serotonin (5-HT) receptor ligands in the group of long-chain arylpiperazines (LCAPs), a new series of 7-arylpiperazinylalkyl-8-morpholin-4-yl-purine-2,6-dione derivatives (5-12) has been designed, synthesised and studied in vitro for their affinity for 5-HT1A, 5-HT2A, 5-HT6 and 5-HT7 receptors. The introduction of o-OCH3 and m-Cl into the phenylpiperazinyl moiety as well as the elongation of the linker between purine-2,6-dione core and arylpiperazine fragment modified the affinity for the tested 5-HT receptors. The structures of compounds 9-11 (hydrochloride salts) were confirmed by an X-ray diffraction method. All molecules adopted a different conformation in the crystal. The strongest observed type of interaction is a charge assisted hydrogen bond N+-H⋯Cl-. Additionally, the π-π interactions between 1,3-dimethyl-3,7-dihydropurine-2,6-dione cores of the neighbouring molecules were also observed. As it is observed in the presented crystal structures, the morpholine ring (a potential donor and acceptor of the hydrogen bonds) seems to be an attractive substituent, that may support binding to the non-specific sites of 5-HT receptors. Another interesting feature is the mutual orientation of rings in the arylpiperazine fragment, with plausible influence on ligand-receptor recognition. For compound 10, with strong 5-HT1A binding affinity, the mutual orientation of rings is determined by the intramolecular weak C-H⋯O hydrogen bond. This observation may contribute to a better understanding of the more selective binding of o-OCH3 arylpiperazine derivatives to the 5-HT1A receptor.

  19. Opisthorchis viverrini excretory/secretory products induce Toll-like receptor 4 upregulation and production of interleukin 6 and 8 in cholangiocyte

    PubMed Central

    Ninlawan, Kantima; O’Hara, Steve P.; Splinter, Patrick L.; Yongvanit, Puangrat; Kaewkes, Sasithorn; Surapaitoon, Arpa; LaRusso, Nicholas F.; Sripa, Banchob

    2011-01-01

    Biliary tract infection with the Group I carcinogenic liver fluke Opisthorchis viverrini is associated with severe inflammation leading to cholangiocarcinoma – a major biliary cancer in Southeast Asia. However, mechanism(s) by which the liver fluke induces host mucosal immune/inflammatory responses are unclear. In the present study we address whether a normal immortalized human cholangiocyte cell line (H69 cells) recognizes and responds to O. viverrini excretory/secretory products (OVES). Expression of multiple TLRs, activation of NF-κB, and expression of proinflammatory cytokines were monitored in the presence and absence of OVES. Our results showed that OVES induced increased cholangiocyte TLR4 mRNA expression, induced IκB-α degradation in a MyD88-dependent manner, and activated NF-κB nuclear translocation. Moreover, OVES induced expression and secretion of the strong chemoattractant chemokine interleukin 8 (IL-8) and pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-6. These results demonstrate that secreted/excreted products of O. viverrini are recognized by human cholangiocytes and initiate innate mucosal immunity/inflammatory cascades, a primary event in the pathogenesis of opisthorchiasis and cholangiocarcinoma. PMID:20887801

  20. Opisthorchis viverrini excretory/secretory products induce toll-like receptor 4 upregulation and production of interleukin 6 and 8 in cholangiocyte.

    PubMed

    Ninlawan, Kantima; O'Hara, Steve P; Splinter, Patrick L; Yongvanit, Puangrat; Kaewkes, Sasithorn; Surapaitoon, Arpa; LaRusso, Nicholas F; Sripa, Banchob

    2010-12-01

    Biliary tract infection with the Group I carcinogenic liver fluke Opisthorchis viverrini is associated with severe inflammation leading to cholangiocarcinoma--a major biliary cancer in Southeast Asia. However, mechanism(s) by which the liver fluke induces host mucosal immune/inflammatory responses is unclear. In the present study we address whether a normal immortalized human cholangiocyte cell line (H69 cells) recognizes and responds to O. viverrini excretory/secretory products (OVES). Expression of multiple TLRs, activation of NF-κB, and expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines were monitored in the presence and absence of OVES. Our results showed that OVES induced increased cholangiocyte TLR4 mRNA expression, induced IκB-α degradation in a MyD88-dependent manner, and activated NF-κB nuclear translocation. Moreover, OVES induced expression and secretion of the strong chemoattractant chemokine interleukin 8 (IL-8) and pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-6. These results demonstrate that secreted/excreted products of O. viverrini are recognized by human cholangiocytes and initiate innate mucosal immunity/inflammatory cascades, a primary event in the pathogenesis of opisthorchiasis and cholangiocarcinoma. PMID:20887801

  1. Spectroscopic and thermal studies on charge-transfer complexes of perhydroisoquinoline with p-chloranil, 2,3-dichloro-5,6-dicyano-1,4-benzoquinone, and 7,7',8,8'-tetracyanoquinodimethane

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Refat, Moamen S.; Abou-Melha, Sraa

    2012-03-01

    Charge-transfer interactions of perhydroisoquinoline (PHIQ) with 2,3-dichloro-5,6-dicyano-1,4- benzoquinone (DDQ), p-chloranil (CHL), and 7,7',8,8'-tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ) in chloroform as a solvent have resulted in stable complexes with a general formula [(PHIQ)(acceptor)] with a molar ratio of 1:1 (donor:acceptor). Elemental (C, H, N) and thermogravimetric (TGA/DTG) analyses, photometric titration, and electronic, infrared, and 1H NMR spectra were used to give an idea of the charge-transfer interaction between donating and accepting sites. The Benesi-Hildebrand method and its modification were used to determine an association constant (K) and a molar extinction coefficient (ɛ).

  2. A new insight into high-strength Ti62Nb12.2Fe13.6Co6.4Al5.8 alloys with bimodal microstructure fabricated by semi-solid sintering.

    PubMed

    Liu, L H; Yang, C; Kang, L M; Qu, S G; Li, X Q; Zhang, W W; Chen, W P; Li, Y Y; Li, P J; Zhang, L C

    2016-01-01

    It is well known that semi-solid forming could only obtain coarse-grained microstructure in a few alloy systems with a low melting point, such as aluminum and magnesium alloys. This work presents that semi-solid forming could also produce novel bimodal microstructure composed of nanostructured matrix and micro-sized (CoFe)Ti2 twins in a titanium alloy, Ti62Nb12.2Fe13.6Co6.4Al5.8. The semi-solid sintering induced by eutectic transformation to form a bimodal microstructure in Ti62Nb12.2Fe13.6Co6.4Al5.8 alloy is a fundamentally different approach from other known methods. The fabricated alloy exhibits high yield strength of 1790 MPa and plastic strain of 15.5%. The novel idea provides a new insight into obtaining nano-grain or bimodal microstructure in alloy systems with high melting point by semi-solid forming and into fabricating high-performance metallic alloys in structural applications. PMID:27029858

  3. A new insight into high-strength Ti62Nb12.2Fe13.6Co6.4Al5.8 alloys with bimodal microstructure fabricated by semi-solid sintering

    PubMed Central

    Liu, L. H.; Yang, C.; Kang, L. M.; Qu, S. G.; Li, X. Q.; Zhang, W. W.; Chen, W. P.; Li, Y. Y.; Li, P. J.; Zhang, L. C.

    2016-01-01

    It is well known that semi-solid forming could only obtain coarse-grained microstructure in a few alloy systems with a low melting point, such as aluminum and magnesium alloys. This work presents that semi-solid forming could also produce novel bimodal microstructure composed of nanostructured matrix and micro-sized (CoFe)Ti2 twins in a titanium alloy, Ti62Nb12.2Fe13.6Co6.4Al5.8. The semi-solid sintering induced by eutectic transformation to form a bimodal microstructure in Ti62Nb12.2Fe13.6Co6.4Al5.8 alloy is a fundamentally different approach from other known methods. The fabricated alloy exhibits high yield strength of 1790 MPa and plastic strain of 15.5%. The novel idea provides a new insight into obtaining nano-grain or bimodal microstructure in alloy systems with high melting point by semi-solid forming and into fabricating high-performance metallic alloys in structural applications. PMID:27029858

  4. A new insight into high-strength Ti62Nb12.2Fe13.6Co6.4Al5.8 alloys with bimodal microstructure fabricated by semi-solid sintering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, L. H.; Yang, C.; Kang, L. M.; Qu, S. G.; Li, X. Q.; Zhang, W. W.; Chen, W. P.; Li, Y. Y.; Li, P. J.; Zhang, L. C.

    2016-03-01

    It is well known that semi-solid forming could only obtain coarse-grained microstructure in a few alloy systems with a low melting point, such as aluminum and magnesium alloys. This work presents that semi-solid forming could also produce novel bimodal microstructure composed of nanostructured matrix and micro-sized (CoFe)Ti2 twins in a titanium alloy, Ti62Nb12.2Fe13.6Co6.4Al5.8. The semi-solid sintering induced by eutectic transformation to form a bimodal microstructure in Ti62Nb12.2Fe13.6Co6.4Al5.8 alloy is a fundamentally different approach from other known methods. The fabricated alloy exhibits high yield strength of 1790 MPa and plastic strain of 15.5%. The novel idea provides a new insight into obtaining nano-grain or bimodal microstructure in alloy systems with high melting point by semi-solid forming and into fabricating high-performance metallic alloys in structural applications.

  5. Spatial element distribution control in a fully solution-processed nanocrystals-based 8.6% Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 device.

    PubMed

    Hsu, Wan-Ching; Zhou, Huanping; Luo, Song; Song, Tze-Bin; Hsieh, Yao-Tsung; Duan, Hsin-Sheng; Ye, Shenglin; Yang, Wenbing; Hsu, Chia-Jung; Jiang, Chengyang; Bob, Brion; Yang, Yang

    2014-09-23

    A fully solution-processed high performance Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 (CZTSSe, kesterite) device has been demonstrated. It is based on the rational engineering of elemental spatial distributions in the bulk and particularly near the surface of the film from nanocrystal precursors. The nanocrystals are synthesized through a modified colloidal approach, with excellent solubility over a large compositional window, followed by a selenization process to form the absorber. The X-ray photoluminescence (XPS) depth profiling indicates an undesirable Sn-rich surface of the selenized film. An excessive Zn species was quantitatively introduced through nanocrystals precursor to correct the element distribution, and accordingly a positive correlation between the spatial composition in the bulk/surface film and the resulting device parameter is established. The enhanced device performance is associated with the reduced interfacial recombination. With a Zn content 1.6 times more than the stoichiometry; the optimized device, which is fabricated by employing a full solution process from the absorber to the transparent top electrode, demonstrates a performance of 8.6%. This composition-control approach through stoichiometric adjustments of nanocrystal precursors, and the developed correlation between the spatial composition and device performance may also benefit other multielement-based photovoltaics. PMID:25106060

  6. R22(8) motifs in Aminopyrimidine sulfonate/carboxylate interactions: Crystal structures of pyrimethaminium benzenesulfonate monohydrate (2:2:1) and 2-amino-4,6-dimethylpyrimidinium sulfosalicylate dihydrate (4:2:2)

    PubMed Central

    Balasubramani, Kasthuri; Muthiah, Packianathan Thomas; Lynch, Daniel E

    2007-01-01

    Background Pyrimethamine [2,4-diamino-5-(p-chlorophenyl)-6-ethylpyrimidine] is an antifolate drug used in anti-malarial chemotherapy. Pyrimidine and aminopyrimidine derivatives are biologically important compounds owing to their natural occurrence as components of nucleic acids. Results In the crystal structures of two organic salts, namely pyrimethaminium benzenesulfonate monohydrate 1 and 2-amino-4, 6-dimethylpyrimidinium 3-carboxy-4-hydroxy benzenesulfonate dihydrate 2, pyrimethamine (PMN) and 2-amino-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine (AMPY) are protonated at one of the nitrogens in the pyrimidine rings. In both the PMN and AMPY sulfonate complexes, the protonated pyrimidine rings are hydrogen bonded to the sulfonate groups, forming a hydrogen-bonded bimolecular ring motif with graph-set notation R22(8). The sulfonate group mimics the carboxylate anion's mode of association, which is more commonly seen when binding with 2-aminopyrimidines. In compound 1, the PMN moieties are centrosymmetrically paired through a complementary DADA array of hydrogen bonds. In compound 2, two types of bimolecular cyclic hydrogen bonded R22(8) motifs (one involving the carboxylate group and the other involving sulfonate group) coexist. Furthermore, this compound is stabilized by intra and intermolecular O-H...O hydrogen bonds. Conclusion The crystal structures of pyrimethaminium benzenesulfonate monohydrate and 2-amino-4,6-dimethylpyrimidinium sulfosalicylate dihydrate have been investigated in detail. In compound 1, the R22(8) motif involving the sulfonate group is present. The role the sulfonic acid group plays in mimicking the carboxylate anions is thus evident. In compound 2, two types of bimolecular cyclic hydrogen bonded R22(8) motifs (one involving the carboxylate group and the other involving sulfonate group) coexist. In both the compounds base pairing also occurs. Thus homo and hetero synthons are present. PMID:17999751

  7. 8 CFR 204.6 - Petitions for employment creation aliens.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Commissioner for Examinations as provided in 8 CFR 103.3. (7) Requirements for alien entrepreneurs. An alien... this manner does not exempt the petitioner from the requirements of 8 CFR 204.6(j) (2) and (3) relating... meet the criteria set forth in 8 CFR 204.6(j)(4)(ii). (i) State designation of a high unemployment...

  8. A Study on the Base–Catalyzed Reverse Vinylogous Aldol Reaction of (4aβ,5β)-4,4a,5,6,7,8-Hexahydro-5-hydroxy-1,4a-dimethylnaphthalen-2(3H)-one under Robinson Annulation Conditions

    PubMed Central

    Payette, Joshua N.; Honda, Tadashi; Yoshizawa, Hidenori; Favaloro, Frank G.; Gribble, Gordon W.

    2008-01-01

    We have proposed a pathway of the base–catalyzed reverse vinylogous aldol reaction of (−)-(4aβ,5β)-4,4a,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-5-hydroxy-1,4a-dimethylnaphthalen-2(3H)-one ((−)-8) under Robinson annulation conditions. For confirmation, 4-(2,6-dimethyl-3-oxocyclohex-1-enyl)butanal (11) and 4-(2,6-dimethyl-5-oxocyclohex-1-enyl)butanal (12), both of which potentially produce enolate I, were synthesized regioselectively. Unexpectedly, 11 gave a complex mixture including only a trace amount of (±)-8 (less than 5% yield) under these basic conditions. To the contrary, 12 cleanly afforded (±)-8 in 66% yield. This result provides evidence for our proposed mechanism of the above reaction. PMID:16388674

  9. Orally active analogues of the dopaminergic prodrug 6-(N,N-di-n-propylamino)-3,4,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-2H-naphthalen-1-one: synthesis and pharmacological activity.

    PubMed

    Venhuis, Bastiaan J; Dijkstra, Durk; Wustrow, David J; Meltzer, Leonard T; Wise, Lawrence D; Johnson, Stephen J; Heffner, Thomas G; Wikström, Håkan V

    2003-02-13

    A series of analogues of 6-(N,N-di-n-propylamino)-3,4,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-2H-naphthalen-1-one (6), an enone prodrug of the mixed DA D(1)/D(2) agonist 5,6-diOH-DPAT (2), was synthesized. The pharmacological profiles of these new enones and their in vivo pharmacological activities were investigated in the Ungerstedt rat rotation model for Parkinson's disease. At 0.1 mg kg(-1) po, the N-methyl-N-n-propyl (12) and the N-ethyl-N-propyl (13) analogues induced pronounced and long lasting pharmacological effects. The pharmacological profile of enone 12 was found to be similar to that of 6, while enone 13 was significantly more potent than 6 (p < 0.01). Analyses of rat brains after the administration of (-)-6 and 13 indicated the presence of hydroxylated metabolites of the parent enones. It is speculated that such metabolites are alpha'-hydroxylated enones that may constitute the first step in the formation of the corresponding catechols. PMID:12570379

  10. 6-amino-4-oxo-1,3-diphenyl-2-thioxo-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-5-carbonyl derivatives as a new class of potent inhibitors of Interleukin-8-induced neutrophil chemotaxis.

    PubMed

    Cesarini, Sara; Spallarossa, Andrea; Ranise, Angelo; Bruno, Olga; Arduino, Nicoletta; Bertolotto, Maria; Dallegri, Franco; Tognolini, Massimiliano; Gobbetti, Thomas; Barocelli, Elisabetta

    2009-05-15

    A series of 6-amino-4-oxo-1,3-diphenyl-2-thioxo-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-5-carbonyl derivatives was synthesized. The compounds demonstrated to be novel, potent and selective inhibitors of Interleukin-8-induced human neutrophil chemotaxis. A SAR study was performed by varying the carbonyl function at position 5 and the chain linked to the amino group at position 6 of the scaffold. All the compounds of the series displayed inhibitory activity at nano- or picomolar concentrations against Interleukin-8-driven migration and no activity against fMLP- and C5a-induced chemotaxis. The binding tests of selected compounds on CXCR1 and CXCR2 receptors were negative. The most potent derivative showed in vivo efficacy in a mouse model of Zymosan-induced peritonitis. PMID:19394230

  11. 8 CFR 1244.6 - Application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Application. 1244.6 Section 1244.6 Aliens... TEMPORARY PROTECTED STATUS FOR NATIONALS OF DESIGNATED STATES § 1244.6 Application. An application for... this section. Each application must be filed with the fee, as provided in § 103.7 of this chapter...

  12. 8 CFR 244.6 - Application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Application. 244.6 Section 244.6 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS TEMPORARY PROTECTED STATUS FOR NATIONALS OF DESIGNATED STATES § 244.6 Application. An application for Temporary Protected Status must be...

  13. 8 CFR 204.6 - Petitions for employment creation aliens.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... this manner does not exempt the petitioner from the requirements of 8 CFR 204.6(j) (2) and (3) relating... meet the criteria set forth in 8 CFR 204.6(j)(4)(ii). (i) State designation of a high unemployment area... CFR 204.6(i). (k) Decision. The petitioner will be notified of the decision, and, if the petition...

  14. 8 CFR 204.6 - Petitions for employment creation aliens.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... this manner does not exempt the petitioner from the requirements of 8 CFR 204.6(j) (2) and (3) relating... meet the criteria set forth in 8 CFR 204.6(j)(4)(ii). (i) State designation of a high unemployment area... CFR 204.6(i). (k) Decision. The petitioner will be notified of the decision, and, if the petition...

  15. 8 CFR 204.6 - Petitions for employment creation aliens.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... this manner does not exempt the petitioner from the requirements of 8 CFR 204.6(j) (2) and (3) relating... meet the criteria set forth in 8 CFR 204.6(j)(4)(ii). (i) State designation of a high unemployment area... CFR 204.6(i). (k) Decision. The petitioner will be notified of the decision, and, if the petition...

  16. 8 CFR 204.6 - Petitions for employment creation aliens.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... this manner does not exempt the petitioner from the requirements of 8 CFR 204.6(j) (2) and (3) relating... meet the criteria set forth in 8 CFR 204.6(j)(4)(ii). (i) State designation of a high unemployment area... CFR 204.6(i). (k) Decision. The petitioner will be notified of the decision, and, if the petition...

  17. Complementary slip distributions of the August 4, 2003 Mw 7.6 and November 17, 2013 Mw 7.8 South Scotia Ridge earthquakes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ye, Lingling; Lay, Thorne; Koper, Keith D.; Smalley, Robert; Rivera, Luis; Bevis, Michael G.; Zakrajsek, Andrés F.; Teferle, Felix Norman

    2014-09-01

    The South Scotia Ridge Transform (SSRT) plate boundary between the Scotia and Antarctic plates experienced large strike-slip earthquakes on August 4, 2003 (Mw 7.6) and November 17, 2013 (Mw 7.8). These events have overlapping aftershock zones, which is unusual. A 36°-45° southward dipping fault zone ruptured with left-lateral displacements in each event along the northern margin of the South Orkney micro-continent near 60°S. Slip distributions for the two events are determined using teleseismic body and surface wave recordings along with constraints from GPS ground motion recordings at station BORC on Laurie Island (South Orkney Islands), just south of the SSRT. The aftershock distributions, high-frequency back-projections, and unconstrained body wave finite-fault inversions permit significant overlap of the 2003 and 2013 slip zones; however, the GPS static displacements resolve differences in the large-slip regions of the two ruptures. The 2013 earthquake sequence along the SSRT initiated with Mw 6.1 (November 13) and Mw 6.8 (November 16) foreshocks located ∼50 km west of the mainshock hypocenter, and had aftershocks extending ∼250 km eastward. The rupture spread primarily eastward at ∼2.5 km/s with a total rupture duration of about 120 s, with two distinct patches of large-slip located northwest and northeast of the South Orkney Islands. The rupture swept past BORC, with high-rate GPS (HRGPS) ground motion recordings capturing the time-varying slip history of the faulting. Traditional GPS data require that the largest-slip region of the shorter rupture in 2003 is located in the gap NNE of BORC between the two patches that ruptured in 2013. There appears to be some overlap of lower slip regions. The complementary slip distributions comprise a relatively uniform offset along this portion of the SSRT, which is one of the most seismically active regions of the entire Antarctic plate boundary.

  18. Dissociation, absorption and ionization of some important sulfur oxoanions (S2On2- n = 2, 3, 4, 6, 7 and 8)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abedi, M.; Farrokhpour, H.; Farnia, S.; Chermahini, A. Najafi

    2015-08-01

    In this work, a systematic theoretical study was performed on the dissociation, absorption and ionization of several important sulfur oxoanions (S2On2- (n = 2, 3, 4, 6, 7 and 8)). ΔEelec (thermal corrected energy), ΔH° and ΔG° of the dissociation reactions of the oxoanions to their radical monoanions were calculated using combined computational levels of theories such as Gaussian-3 (G3) and a new version of complete basis set method (CBS-4M) in different environments including gas phase, microhydrated in gas phase and different solvents. Calculations showed S2O72- is the most stable anion against the dissociation to its radical monoanions (SO4-rad + SO3-rad). It was also found that S2O42- has more tendency to dissociate to its radical anions (SO2-rad + SO2-rad) compared to the other anions. The absorption spectra of the anions were also calculated using the time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) employing M062X functional. The effect of microhydration and electrostatic field of solvent on the different aspects (intensity, energy shift and assignment) of the absorption spectra of these anions were also discussed. It was observed that both hydrogen bonding and electrostatic effect of water increases the intensity of the absorption spectrum compared to the gas phase. Effect of microhydration in shifting the spectra to the shorter wavelength is considerably higher than the effect of electrostatic field of water. Finally, several gas phase ionization energies of the anions were calculated using the symmetry-adapted cluster-configuration interaction methodology (SAC-CI) and found that the first electron detachment energies of S2O22-, S2O32- and S2O42- are negative. Natural bonding orbital (NBO) calculations were also performed to assign the electron detachment bands of the anions.

  19. Umbra Ver. 4.8

    SciTech Connect

    Oppel, III, Fred; Hart, Brian; Hart, Derek; Linebarger, John; Rigdon, J. Brian; Wolfenbarger, Paul; Xavier, Patrick; & Gottlieb, Eric

    2010-02-24

    Umbra is a software package that has been in development at Sandia National Laboratories since 1995, under the name Umbra since 1997. Umbra is a software framework written in C++ and Tcl/Tk that has been applied to many operations, primarily dealing with robotics and simulation. Umbra executables are C++ libraries orchestrated with Tcl/Tk scripts. Two major feature upgrades occurred from 4.7 to 4.8 1. System Umbra Module with its own Update Graph within the C++ framework. 2. New terrain graph for fast line-of-sight calculations All else were minor updates such as later versions of Visual Studio, OpenSceneGraph and Boost.

  20. Dissociation of molecular chlorine in a Coulomb explosion: Potential curves, bound states, and deviation from Coulombic behavior for Cln+2 (n=2,3,4,6,8,10)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wright, J. S.; Dilabio, G. A.; Matusek, D. R.; Corkum, P. B.; Ivanov, M. Yu.; Ellert, Ch.; Buenker, R. J.; Alekseyev, A. B.; Hirsch, G.

    1999-06-01

    Highly charged molecular ions are generated in Coulomb explosion experiments involving multielectron dissociative ionization, but little is known about the precise mechanisms involved in their formation. To help improve the understanding of such experiments, potential energy curves are calculated in this paper for diatomic chlorine (Cl2) and its ions Cln+2, where n=1,2,3,4,6,8,10. Bound vibrational states are obtained in three low-lying electronic states for Cl2+2 and one state for Cl3+2. Vertical excitation energies are given for stepwise excitations up to Cl10+2. For all the ions examined there is a significant energy defect (Δ) from the corresponding Coulomb potential, in one case reaching magnitudes of over 20 eV. We analyze the origin of these energy defects in terms of residual chemical bonding, and discuss the contribution of strongly bonding configurations at short internuclear distance. Finally, we present a simple physical model which describes the qualitative behavior of Δ(R,Q).

  1. Evaluation of Multizone Inspection Variability at the Supply Base for 8 Inch-Diameter Ti-6al-4V: a Round-Robin Study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hassan, Waled

    2003-03-01

    Multizone Inspection (MZI) is an ultrasonic inspection system that has been developed in response to FAA recommendations for improved inspection of titanium billet material. The system is capable of achieving ♯2 FBH sensitivity in billets up to 10 inches in diameter. Honeywell as well as other OEMs are interested in adopting this inspection technique in response to FAA recommendations and to improve the sensitivity of their inspection procedures. To achieve that goal an evaluation of the system capability and variability at the supply base is necessary. This paper summarizes the results of a round robin study conducted at the supply base to evaluate the variability of MZI for 8 inch-diameter Ti-6Al-4V. It was found that on the average there is about 27% amplitude variability and 38% Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) variability at each surveyed facility. It was also found that the variability from one facility to the other was on the average about 28% in amplitude and 30% in SNR.

  2. Solvation effects on reactive intermediates: The benzyl radical and its clusters with Ar, N2, CH4, C2H6, and C3H8

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Disselkamp, R.; Bernstein, E. R.

    1993-03-01

    Mass resolved excitation spectra are presented for the benzyl radical and its clusters with Ar, N2, CH4, C2H6, and C3H8. The cluster spectra exhibit small redshifts (≤50 cm-1) relative to the unclustered benzyl radical for the D1(1 2A2)←D0(1 2B2) and D2(2 2B2)←D0(1 2B2) electronic transition regions. A unique set of low energy van der Waals modes is observed for these clusters for each excited electronic state investigated. The cluster spectra also reveal significant vibronic coupling between the two excited electronic states of the benzyl radical, as evidenced by a single vibrational predissociation threshold for each cluster. Ab initio calculations are performed on the benzyl radical to examine excited electronic state structure, predict transition energies, estimate ionization energy, and determine partial atomic charges in the electronic states of interest. The resulting partial charges are used in empirical atom-atom potential energy calculations to aid in the understanding of cluster spectroscopic shifts, binding energies, and van der Waals modes.

  3. Formation of a Vitamin C Conjugate of Acrolein and its Paraoxonase-mediated Conversion into 5,6,7,8-Tetrahydroxy-4-oxooctanal

    PubMed Central

    Kesinger, Nicholas G.; Langsdorf, Brandi L.; Yokochi, Alexandre F.; Miranda, Cristobal L.; Stevens, Jan F.

    2010-01-01

    Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) has been reported to participate in Michael addition reactions in vitro to form vitamin C conjugates with α,β-unsaturated aldehydes, such as acrolein. This study shows evidence for the formation and metabolism of the vitamin C conjugate of acrolein (AscACR) in cultured human monocytic THP-1 cells exposed to acrolein diacetate. By using 18O and 13C labeling in combination with liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry, AscACR was shown to undergo hydrolytic conversion of the ascorbyl lactone into an intermediate carboxylic acid. Subsequent decarboxylation of the carboxylic acid yielded 5,6,7,8-tetrahydroxy-4-oxooctanal (THO). When THP-1 cells were pretreated with ascorbic acid (1 mM, 18 hours) and then exposed to acrolein diacetate, THO was detected as its pentafluorobenzyl oxime derivative in the cell lysates and medium. Treatment of THP-1 cells with both ascorbic acid and acrolein diacetate was required for THO formation. The formation of THO from AscACR was facilitated by the lactonase enzymes, human recombinant paraoxonases 1 and 2. THP-1 cells exhibited PON activity which explains the catalytic conversion of AscACR into THO in these cells. THO was formed in addition to metabolites of the glutathione conjugate of acrolein, indicating that THO formation contributes to the elimination of acrolein in a cellular environment. PMID:20353174

  4. Polarization effects in molecular dynamics simulations of glass-formers Ca(NO3)2.nH2O, n=4, 6, and 8

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ribeiro, Mauro C. C.

    2010-04-01

    Thermodynamics, equilibrium structure, and dynamics of glass-forming liquids Ca(NO3)2ṡnH2O, n =4, 6, and 8, have been investigated by molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. A polarizable model was considered for H2O and NO3- on the basis of previous fluctuating charge models for pure water and the molten salt 2Ca(NO3)2ṡ3KNO3. Similar thermodynamic properties have been obtained with nonpolarizable and polarizable models. The glass transition temperature, Tg, estimated from MD simulations was dependent on polarization, in particular the dependence of Tg with electrolyte concentration. Significant polarization effects on equilibrium structure were observed in cation-cation, cation-anion, and water-water structures. Polarization increases the diffusion coefficient of H2O, but does not change significantly the diffusion coefficients of ions. Viscosity decreases upon inclusion of polarization, but the conductivity calculated with the polarizable model is smaller than the nonpolarizable model because polarization enhances anion-cation interactions.

  5. REDSHIFT 6.4 HOST GALAXIES OF 10{sup 8} SOLAR MASS BLACK HOLES: LOW STAR FORMATION RATE AND DYNAMICAL MASS

    SciTech Connect

    Willott, Chris J.; Omont, Alain; Bergeron, Jacqueline

    2013-06-10

    We present Atacama Large Millimeter Array observations of rest-frame far-infrared continuum and [C II] line emission in two z = 6.4 quasars with black hole masses of Almost-Equal-To 10{sup 8} M{sub Sun }. CFHQS J0210-0456 is detected in the continuum with a 1.2 mm flux of 120 {+-} 35 {mu}Jy, whereas CFHQS J2329-0301 is undetected at a similar noise level. J2329-0301 has a star formation rate limit of <40 M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1}, considerably below the typical value at all redshifts for this bolometric luminosity. Through comparison with hydro simulations, we speculate that this quasar is observed at a relatively rare phase where quasar feedback has effectively shut down star formation in the host galaxy. [C II] emission is also detected only in J0210-0456. The ratio of [C II] to far-infrared luminosity is similar to that of low-redshift galaxies of comparable luminosity, suggesting that the previous finding of an offset in the relationships between this ratio and far-infrared luminosity at low and high redshifts may be partially due to a selection effect due to the limited sensitivity of previous continuum data. The [C II] line of J0210-0456 is relatively narrow (FWHM = 189 {+-} 18 km s{sup -1}), indicating a dynamical mass substantially lower than expected from the local black hole-velocity dispersion correlation. The [C II] line is marginally resolved at 0.''7 resolution with the blue and red wings spatially offset by 0.''5 (3 kpc) and a smooth velocity gradient of 100 km s{sup -1} across a scale of 6 kpc, possibly due to the rotation of a galaxy-wide disk. These observations are consistent with the idea that stellar mass growth lags black hole accretion for quasars at this epoch with respect to more recent times.

  6. 2-[(8-Meth­oxy­carbonyl-4b,8-dimethyl-4b,5,6,7,8,8a,9,10-octa­hydro­phenan­thren-3-yl)amino]-3,5-dinitro­benzoic acid ethyl acetate monosolvate

    PubMed Central

    Tong, Bihai; Zhang, Ye

    2012-01-01

    The title compound, C25H27N3O8·C4H8O2, has a diterpene skeleton in which the fused cyclo­hexane rings exhibit chair and half-chair conformations. An intra­molecular C—H⋯O hydrogen bond occurs. In the crystal, N—H⋯O, O—H⋯O and C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds are observed. PMID:22969568

  7. La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3 cathodes incorporated with Sm0.2Ce0.8O2 by three different methods for solid oxide fuel cells

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shen, Fengyu; Lu, Kathy

    2015-11-01

    The incorporation of Sm0.2Ce0.8O2 (SDC) into La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3 (LSCF) is carried out by three methods: mechanical mixing, infiltration, and dip coating. The effects of SDC on the electrochemical performance of the LSCF cathodes are studied by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) at 800 °C for 100 h. LSCF mechanically mixed with SDC as the cathode decreases the electrochemical performance of the half-cell; the LSCF cathode infiltrated with SDC offers faster activation and decreased resistance with thermal treatment time; and the LSCF cathode dip coated with SDC has the smallest polarization resistance. These cathodes also show clear microstructure differences at the cathode/interconnect interface after 100 h of thermal treatment. SrCrO4 phase forms on all the cathodes near the interconnect. Reactions between the mechanically mixed cathode and the YSZ electrolyte destroy the electrolyte. The influence of SDC catalyst on oxygen adsorption, dissociation, and incorporation is explained for each type of cathodes. Overall, dip coating method is recommended for incorporation of SDC into the LSCF cathode.

  8. Synthesis, anticancer activity, and SAR analyses of compounds containing the 5:7-fused 4,6,8-triaminoimidazo[4,5-e][1,3]diazepine ring system.

    PubMed

    Xie, Min; Lapidus, Rena G; Sadowska, Mariola; Edelman, Martin J; Hosmane, Ramachandra S

    2016-06-15

    Described herein are our limited structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies on a 5:7-fused heterocycle (1), containing the 4,6,8-triaminoimidazo[4,5-e][1,3]diazepine ring system, whose synthesis and potent broad-spectrum anticancer activity we reported a few years ago. Our SAR efforts in this study are mainly focused on judicial attachment of substituents at N-1 and N(6)-positions of the heterocyclic ring. Our results suggest that there is some subtle correlation between the substituents attached at the N-1 position and those attached at the N(6)-position of the heterocycle. It is likely that there is a common hydrophobic binding pocket on the target protein that is occupied by the substituents attached at the N-1 and N(6)-positions of the heterocyclic ligand. This pocket appears to be large enough to hold either a C-18 alkyl chain of N(6) and no attachment at N-1, or a combined C-10 at N(6) and a CH2Ph at N-1. Any alkyl chain shorter or longer than C-10 at N(6) with a CH2Ph attached at N-1, would result in decrease of biological activity. PMID:27134120

  9. Crystal structures and color properties of new complex perovskite oxynitrides AMg0.2Ta0.8O2.6N0.4 (A = Sr, Ba).

    PubMed

    Moon, Keon-Ho; Kim, Jung-Mi; Sohn, Youngku; Cho, Dae Won; Kim, Young-Il; Avdeev, Maxim

    2016-04-01

    New complex perovskite oxynitrides AMg0.2Ta0.8O2.6N0.4 (A = Sr, Ba) were synthesized by reacting A5Ta4O15 with MgCl2 in flowing NH3. The formation of AMg0.2Ta0.8O2.6N0.4 can be described as the cooperative insertion of Mg(2+) + 2N(3-) and the release of 2O(2-) from the layered oxide, A5Ta4O15. Rietveld refinement of the neutron and synchrotron X-ray diffraction patterns indicated that BaMg0.2Ta0.8O2.6N0.4 is simple cubic (Pm3[combining macron]m) and SrMg0.2Ta0.8O2.6N0.4 is body-centered tetragonal (I4/mcm), isostructural with BaM0.2Ta0.8O2.8N0.2 and SrM0.2Ta0.8O2.8N0.2 (M = Li, Na), respectively. The nitrogen in SrMg0.2Ta0.8O2.6N0.4 is partially ordered favoring the c-axial site over the ab-plane of the tetragonal cell, which is a different O/N order pattern from that of SrLi0.2Ta0.8O2.8N0.2 and SrNa0.2Ta0.8O2.8N0.2. The group of simple and complex perovskites, ATaO2N, ALi0.2Ta0.8O2.8N0.2, ANa0.2Ta0.8O2.8N0.2, and AMg0.2Ta0.8O2.6N0.4 (A = Sr, Ba) covers the band gap range, 1.9-2.4 eV, and the color ranges from yellow to dark brown. PMID:26918699

  10. Discovery of 8-Cyclopentyl-2-[4-(4-methyl-piperazin-1-yl)-phenylamino]-7-oxo-7,8-dihydro-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine-6-carbonitrile (7x) as a Potent Inhibitor of Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4 (CDK4) and AMPK-Related Kinase 5 (ARK5)

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    The success of imatinib, a BCR-ABL inhibitor for the treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia, has created a great impetus for the development of additional kinase inhibitors as therapeutic agents. However, the complexity of cancer has led to recent interest in polypharmacological approaches for developing multikinase inhibitors with low toxicity profiles. With this goal in mind, we analyzed more than 150 novel cyano pyridopyrimidine compounds and identified structure–activity relationship trends that can be exploited in the design of potent kinase inhibitors. One compound, 8-cyclopentyl-2-[4-(4-methyl-piperazin-1-yl)-phenylamino]-7-oxo-7,8-dihydro-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine-6-carbonitrile (7x), was found to be the most active, inducing apoptosis of tumor cells at a concentration of approximately 30–100 nM. In vitro kinase profiling revealed that 7x is a multikinase inhibitor with potent inhibitory activity against the CDK4/CYCLIN D1 and ARK5 kinases. Here, we report the synthesis, structure–activity relationship, kinase inhibitory profile, in vitro cytotoxicity, and in vivo tumor regression studies by this lead compound. PMID:24417566

  11. 8 CFR 217.6 - Carrier agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Carrier agreements. 217.6 Section 217.6 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS VISA WAIVER PROGRAM § 217... shall be made by the Commissioner on behalf of the Attorney General and shall be on Form I-775,...

  12. 8 CFR 217.6 - Carrier agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Carrier agreements. 217.6 Section 217.6 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS VISA WAIVER PROGRAM § 217... shall be made by the Commissioner on behalf of the Attorney General and shall be on Form I-775,...

  13. 8 CFR 217.6 - Carrier agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Carrier agreements. 217.6 Section 217.6 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS VISA WAIVER PROGRAM § 217... shall be made by the Commissioner on behalf of the Attorney General and shall be on Form I-775,...

  14. Umbra Ver. 4.8

    2010-02-24

    Umbra is a software package that has been in development at Sandia National Laboratories since 1995, under the name Umbra since 1997. Umbra is a software framework written in C++ and Tcl/Tk that has been applied to many operations, primarily dealing with robotics and simulation. Umbra executables are C++ libraries orchestrated with Tcl/Tk scripts. Two major feature upgrades occurred from 4.7 to 4.8 1. System Umbra Module with its own Update Graph within the C++more » framework. 2. New terrain graph for fast line-of-sight calculations All else were minor updates such as later versions of Visual Studio, OpenSceneGraph and Boost.« less

  15. Effect of buffer conditions on CYP2C8-mediated paclitaxel 6α-hydroxylation and CYP3A4-mediated triazolam α- and 4-hydroxylation by human liver microsomes.

    PubMed

    Kudo, Toshiyuki; Ozaki, Yuya; Kusano, Tomomi; Hotta, Eri; Oya, Yuka; Komatsu, Seina; Goda, Hitomi; Ito, Kiyomi

    2016-01-01

    1. Buffer conditions in in vitro metabolism studies using human liver microsomes (HLM) have been reported to affect the metabolic activities of several cytochrome P450 (CYP) isozymes in different ways, although there are no reports about the dependence of CYP2C8 activity on buffer conditions. 2. The present study investigated the effect of buffer components (phosphate or Tris-HCl) and their concentration (10-200 mM) on the CYP2C8 and CYP3A4 activities of HLM, using paclitaxel and triazolam, respectively, as marker substrates. 3. The Km (or S50) and Vmax values for both paclitaxel 6α-hydroxylation and triazolam α- and 4-hydroxylation, estimated by fitting analyses based on the Michaelis-Menten or Hill equation, greatly depended on the buffer components and their concentration. 4. The CLint values in phosphate buffer were 1.2-3.0-fold (paclitaxel) or 3.1-6.4-fold (triazolam) higher than in Tris-HCl buffer at 50-100 mM. These values also depended on the buffer concentration, with a maximum 2.3-fold difference observed between 50 and 100 mM which are both commonly used in drug metabolism studies. 5. These findings suggest the necessity for optimization of the buffer conditions in the quantitative evaluation of metabolic clearances, such as in vitro-in vivo extrapolation and also estimating the contribution of a particular enzyme in drug metabolism. PMID:26290405

  16. Effect of chemical ordering on the crystallization behavior of Se90Te10-xSnx (x=2, 4, 6, and 8) chalcogenide glasses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lafi, Omar A.; Imran, Mousa M. A.; Abu-Shaweesh, Nazem I.; Al-Kurdi, Fares M.; Khatatbeh, Ibtehaj K.

    2014-06-01

    Ternary Se90Te10-xSnx (x=2, 4, 6, and 8) chalcogenide glassy alloys have been prepared by melt quenching technique. Various crystallization parameters, such as onset (Tc) and peak (Tp) crystallization temperatures, activation energy of crystallization (Ec) and Avrami exponent (n) have been determined for these alloys. Tc and Tp have been determined directly from the non-isothermal differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) thermograms. The value of Ec has been calculated from the variation of both Tc and Tp with the heating rate (β) according to Kissinger, Takhor, Augis-Bennett and Ozawa models while Augis-Bennett method has been used to deduce the value of n for the studied samples. The obtained values of the crystallization parameters have been correlated with the character and the energy of the chemical bonds through the calculation of the heteronuclear bond energies of the constituent atoms using Pauling principle. In addition to that, Tichy-Ticha model was used to estimate the mean bond energy of the average cross-linking per atom , the average bond energy per atom of the remaining matrix , and the overall mean bond energy of the studied glasses. Results reveal that both of Tc and Tp decreases with increases Sn content. This is may be attributed to the decreasing in the overall mean bond energy . Besides, the plot of Ec (and also Tg) against was found to be non linear, which contradicts the well known linear correlation between Ec and Tg with as suggested by Tichy-Ticha model. This discrepancy may be due to the fact that the Tichy-Ticha linear correlation model was based on the assumption of covalent glassy network, while in the present glassy alloys, Se-Te binary doped with heavy elements such as Sn exhibit iono-covalent bonding. The calculated values of the ionicity are in support of this argument.

  17. Synthesis and Antimicrobial Activity of 2-[2-(2,6-dichloro phenyl)amino]benzyl-3-(5-substituted phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-3-yl-amino)-6,8-dibromoquinazolin-4(3H)ones.

    PubMed

    Patel, Nb; Patel, Jc; Barat, Gg

    2010-04-01

    A series of 2-[2-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)amino]benzyl-3-(5-substituted phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-3-yl-amino)-6,8-dibromoquinazolin-4(3H) ones 6a-m have been synthesized by the reaction of 2-[2-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)amino]benzyl-3-substituted phenylacrylamido-6,8-dibromoquinazolin-4(3H) ones 5a-m with hydrazine hydrate in the presence of glacial acetic acid. The chalcones 5a-m were prepared by the condensation of 2-[2-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)amino]benzyl-3-acetamido-6,8-dibromoquinazolin-4(3H)one 4 with different substituted aromatic aldehyde. The benzoxazinone 2 was synthesized from 2-[2-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)amino]phenyl acetyl chloride 1 on treatment with 3,5-dibromoanthranilic acid in pyridine, which on reaction with hydrazine hydrate and then on acetylation reaction yielded 4. The structures of these compounds have been elucidated by elemental analyses, IR, and NMR spectral data. The title compounds pyrazolyl-quinazolin-4(3H)ones 6a-m were evaluated for their antibacterial and antifungal activities in vitro. PMID:21264122

  18. Synthesis, characterization, antimicrobial and enzymatic activity of 4b,9b-dihydroxy-7,8-dihydro-4bH-indeno[1,2-b]benzofuran-9,10(6H,9bH)-dione

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mehdi, Sayed Hasan; Hashim, Rokiah; Ghalib, Raza Murad; Fátima C. Guedes da Silva, M.; Sulaiman, Othman; Rahman, Syed Ziaur; Murugaiyah, Vikneswaran; Marimuthu, Mani Maran

    2011-12-01

    The crystal structure of the title compound, 4b,9b-dihydroxy-7,8-dihydro-4bH-indeno[1,2-b]benzofuran-9,10(6H,9bH)-dione has been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. It crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P2 1/c with Z = 4. The FTIR as well as the 1H and 13C NMR spectra of the compound were also recorded and briefly discussed. The compound showed potential antimicrobial activity comparable to that of clinically used antimicrobial agents against selected microorganisms. It has selective and moderate inhibitory activity on butyryl cholinesterase enzyme and could serve as potential lead compound for synthesis of more bioactive derivatives.

  19. Thermo-mechanical properties of CuxMg1-xNb2O6 (x = 0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1) for low temperature cofired ceramics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Satapathy, Jyotirmayee; Venkata Ramana Reddy, Musku

    2013-04-01

    A series of CuxMg1-xNb2O6 (x = 0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1) columbites were prepared using the sol-gel technique. The samples were sintered at 900 °C for 6 h. The prepared samples were structurally characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD) method. To study their applicability in low temperature cofired ceramic (LTCC) technology, elastic properties have been characterized for mechanical compatibility. Elastic behavior was investigated at 300K, employing ultrasonic pulse-transmission technique at 1 MHz. The values of elastic moduli and acoustic Debye temperature (µD) were computed from longitudinal and shear velocities. The measured values were corrected to zero porosity using Hasselman and Fulrath's formula. The elastic constants of the samples, estimated using Modi's heterogeneous metal-mixture rule, were also reported. The variation of elastic moduli was interpreted in terms of strength of interatomic bonding. Microstructure of these samples was studied using the FESEM (field emission scanning electron microscopy) technique. Mechanical properties including yield strength, tensile strength and thermal stress resistance were calculated from thermal properties measured through thermal conductivity and thermal expansion coefficient.

  20. RDamage 6, 7, 8 & 9 Cassettes

    SciTech Connect

    Griego, Jeffrey R; Kaul, Ann

    2012-06-08

    The RDamage series of ten experiments is part of a long-term collaboration with RFNC/VNIIEF in pulsed power technology. These experiments use a cylindrical configuration to study spallation damage, which allows for a natural recollection of the damaged material under proper driving conditions and post-shot collection of the damaged target material for subsequent metallographic analysis. Dynamic insitu experimental velocimetry diagnostics are also employed. LANL is responsible for the design of the experimental load and velocimetry system. VNIIEF is responsible for the design and construction of the driving explosive magnetic generator. In the RDamage-0, -1 and -2 experiments, data was collected about failure initiation of a well-characterized material (aluminum) in a cylindrical geometry. The RDamage-3, -4 and -5 experiments produced data on the behavior of material recollected after damage from pressures in the damage initiation regime. Data on the behavior of material recollected after complete failure was collected in the RDamage-6, -7, -8 and -9 experiments. This presentation shows the evolution of the load assembly through the experimental series.

  1. 22 CFR 8.6 - Membership.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF STATE GENERAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE MANAGEMENT § 8.6 Membership. (a) The act requires a balanced... committee's functions and should be chosen from different vocations having knowledge in the subject. (b) It..., sex, or color. (c) The committee office will keep the Advisory Committee Management Officer...

  2. 48 CFR 8.406-6 - Disputes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... issued the final decision or the U.S. Court of Federal Claims. (d) Alternative dispute resolution. The contracting officer should use the alternative dispute resolution (ADR) procedures, to the maximum extent... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Disputes. 8.406-6...

  3. 22 CFR 8.6 - Membership.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF STATE GENERAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE MANAGEMENT § 8.6 Membership. (a) The act requires a balanced... committee's functions and should be chosen from different vocations having knowledge in the subject. (b) It..., sex, or color. (c) The committee office will keep the Advisory Committee Management Officer...

  4. Synthesis and structural study of 4-(2-chlorophenyl)-2-ethoxy-5,6,7,8,9,10-hexahydrocycloocta[B]pyridine-3-carbonitrile

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fathima, K. Saiadali; Vasumathi, M.; Anitha, K.

    2016-05-01

    The novel organic material C20H21ClN2O was synthesized by One-Pot synthesis method and the single crystals were grown by slow evaporation solution growth technique. The crystal structure was elucidated by subjecting the grown crystals to the single crystal x-ray diffraction analysis and was refined by full matrix least-squares method to R=0.039 for 2746 reflections. Crystal system of the grown crystal was found to be monoclinic with the space group P21/a and a=9.196(4) Å, b=13.449(4) Å, c=14.818(4) Å, β= 101.542(3)°, V=1795.6(11) Å3 and Z=4. In this crystal structure, cyclooctanone prefers to reside in a chair-boat conformation. The structure is stabilized by attractive molecular force such as CH/π interaction called hydrophobic interaction.

  5. Bis(. eta. sup 5 -tricyclo(5. 2. 1. 0 sup 2,6 )deca-2,5,8-trien-4-yl) derivatives of the group IV transition metals

    SciTech Connect

    Bhide, V.V.; Rinaldi, P.L.; Farona, M.F. )

    1990-01-01

    Metallocene dichloride derivatives of titanium, zirconium, and hafnium were prepared from tricyclo(5.2.1.0{sup 2,6})deca-2,5,8-triene and the corresponding metal tetrachlorides. These compounds were characterized as existing primarily in the endo,endo and exo,endo forms by two-dimensional {sup 1}H NMR studies. These results were unexpected, in that theory predicts primarily exo,exo isomers should be preferred. A study on bis(isodicyclopentadienyl)titanium dichloride revealed the compound to exist in two major isomeric forms: exo,endo and exo,exo.

  6. Synthesis and crystal structures of the new metal-rich ternary borides Ni{sub 12}AlB{sub 8}, Ni{sub 12}GaB{sub 8} and Ni{sub 10.6}Ga{sub 0.4}B{sub 6}-examples for the first B{sub 5} zig-zag chain fragment

    SciTech Connect

    Ade, Martin; Kotzott, Dominik; Hillebrecht, Harald

    2010-08-15

    Single crystals of the new borides Ni{sub 12}AlB{sub 8}, and Ni{sub 10.6}Ga{sub 0.4}B{sub 6} were synthesized from the elements and characterized by XRD and EDXS measurements. The crystal structures were refined on the basis of single crystal data. Ni{sub 12}AlB{sub 8} (oC252, Cmce, a=10.527(2), b=14.527(2), c=14.554(2) A, Z=12, 1350 reflections, 127 parameters, R{sub 1}(F)=0.0284, wR{sub 2}(F{sup 2})=0.0590) represents a new structure type with isolated B atoms and B{sub 5} fragments of a B-B zig-zag chain. Because the pseudotetragonal metric crystals are usually twinned. Ni{sub 10.6}Ga{sub 0.4}B{sub 6} (oP68, Pnma, a=12.305(2), b=2.9488(6), c=16.914(3) A, Z=4, 1386 reflections, 86 parameters, R{sub 1}(F)=0.0394, wR{sub 2}(F{sup 2})=0.104) is closely related to binary Ni borides. The structure contains B-B zig-zag chains and isolated B atoms. Ni{sub 12}GaB{sub 8} is isotypical to the Al-compound (a=10.569(4), b=14.527(4) and c=14.557(5) A). - Graphical abstract: Pentameric B{sub 5}-units are longest fragments of a B-B zig-zag chain ever characterized in a boride. They are found in the structures of Ni{sub 12}AlB{sub 8} and Ni{sub 12}GaB{sub 8}. The compounds are formed on annealing boron-rich {tau}-borides like Ni{sub 20}AlB{sub 14}.

  7. Novel methyl substituted 1-(5,6-dihydro-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7(8H)-yl)methanones are P2X7 antagonists.

    PubMed

    Rudolph, Dale A; Alcazar, Jesus; Ameriks, Michael K; Anton, Ana Belen; Ao, Hong; Bonaventure, Pascal; Carruthers, Nicholas I; Chrovian, Christa C; De Angelis, Meri; Lord, Brian; Rech, Jason C; Wang, Qi; Bhattacharya, Anindya; Andres, Jose Ignacio; Letavic, Michael A

    2015-08-15

    The optimization efforts that led to a novel series of methyl substituted 1-(5,6-dihydro-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7(8H)-yl)methanones that are potent rat and human P2X7 antagonists are described. These efforts resulted in the discovery of compounds with good drug-like properties that are capable of high P2X7 receptor occupancy in rat following oral administration, including compounds 7n (P2X7 IC50 = 7.7 nM) and 7u (P2X7 IC50 =7 .7 nM). These compounds are expected to be useful tools for characterizing the effects of P2X7 antagonism in models of depression and epilepsy, and several of the compounds prepared are candidates for effective P2X7 PET tracers. PMID:26099534

  8. 6,7-Dihydroxyisoindolin-1-one and 7,8-Dihydroxy-3,4-Dihydroisoquinolin- 1(2H)-one Based HIV-1 Integrase Inhibitors.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Xue Zhi; Metifiot, Mathieu; Smith, Steven J; Maddali, Kasthuraiah; Marchand, Christophe; Hughes, Stephen H; Pommier, Yves; Burke, Terrence R

    2016-01-01

    Integrase (IN) is an essential viral enzyme required for HIV-1 replication, which has been targeted by anti-AIDS therapeutics. Integrase strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs) represent a new class of antiretroviral agents developed for the treatment of HIV-1 infections. Important structural features that are shared by many INSTIs include a coplanar arrangement of three heteroatoms that chelate two catalytic Mg(2+) ions in the IN active site and a linked halophenyl ring that binds in the hydrophobic pocket formed by the complex of IN with viral DNA. We recently reported bicyclic 6,7-dihydroxyoxoisoindolin-1-one-based IN inhibitors. In the current study, we modified these inhibitors in three ways. First, we increased the spacer length between the metalchelating triad and the halophenyl group. Second, we replaced the indoline [5,6] bicycle with a fused dihydroxyisoquinolinones [6,6] ring system. Finally, we prepared bis-6,7-dihydroxyisoindolin-1-one-4-sulfonamides as dimeric HIV-1 IN inhibitors. These new analogues showed low micromolar inhibitory potency in in vitro HIV-1 integrase assays. PMID:26268341

  9. 5-Demethylnobiletin and 5-Acetoxy-6,7,8,3',4'-pentamethoxyflavone Suppress Lipid Accumulation by Activating the LKB1-AMPK Pathway in 3T3-L1 Preadipocytes and High Fat Diet-Fed C57BL/6 Mice.

    PubMed

    Tung, Yen-Chen; Li, Shiming; Huang, Qingrong; Hung, Wei-Lun; Ho, Chi-Tang; Wei, Guor-Jien; Pan, Min-Hsiung

    2016-04-27

    Polymethoxyflavones (PMFs) and hydroxylated polymethoxyflavones (HPMFs), such as nobiletin (Nob) and 5-demethylnobiletin (5-OH-Nob), are unique flavonoids that are found exclusively in citrus peels. Nobiletin has been shown to suppress adipogenesis in vitro, but the antiadipogenic activity of 5-OH-Nob has not been investigated. Both nobiletin and 5-OH-Nob have poor aqueous solubility and low oral bioavailability. We employed chemical modification to produce the acetyl derivative of 5-OH-Nob, that is, 5-acetyloxy-6,7,8,3',4'-pentamethoxyflavone (5-Ac-Nob), to improve its bioavailability and bioactive efficiency. We found that 5-Ac-Nob reduced triacylglycerol (TG) content to a greater extent than 5-OH-Nob in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. Orally administered 5-Ac-Nob resulted in a significant reduction in body weight, intra-abdominal fat, plasma and liver TG levels, and plasma cholesterol level in high fat diet-induced obese male C57BL/6J mice. The 5-Ac-Nob treatment decreased lipid accumulation by triggering the adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway to alter transcriptional factors or lipogenesis-related enzymes in vivo and in vitro. PMID:27041493

  10. Solid-phase synthesis of 2-substituted 4-amino-7-oxo-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidines.

    PubMed

    Falcó, José L; Borrell, José I; Teixidó, Jordi

    2003-01-01

    An efficient solid-phase synthesis of 2-substituted 4-aminopyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidines 15 is reported. The procedure started by solid supporting a p-hydroxybenzaldehyde 8 to the Wang resin by using the Mitsunobu protocol. The resulting aldehyde 17 was treated with a substituted acid methyl malonate 10 to afford the corresponding alpha, beta-unsaturated ester 18, which was converted to the Michael adduct 21 by reaction with malononitrile. Cyclization of 21 with an amidine system 13 yielded the solid supported pyridopyrimidine 22, which afforded the corresponding 2-substituted 4-aminopyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine 15 upon treatment with TFA:DCM. Compounds 15 present three diversity centers R1, R2 and R3. Having validated the chemistry on solid support, a 32-membered combinatorial library was obtained using this protocol. PMID:14761159

  11. Study of Geomagnetic Anomalies Related to Earthquakes at Pisco Peru 2007 (M=8.0) and at Taiwan 2009 (M= 6.4) (Invited)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yumoto, K.; Takla, E.; Ishitsuka, J.; Rosales, D.; Dutra, S. L.; Liu, J. G.; Kakinami, Y.; Uozumi, T.; Abe, S.

    2010-12-01

    The Space Environment Research Center (SERC), Kyushu University deployed the MAGnetic Data Acqusition System (MAGDAS) at 53 stations along the 210- and 96-degree magnetic meridians (MM) and the magnetic Dip equator, and three FM-CW radars along the 210-degree MM during the International Heliophysical Year (IHY) period of 2005-2009 (see http://magdas.serc.kyushu-u.ac.jp/ and http://magdas2.serc.kyushu-u.ac.jp/). By analyzing these new MAGDAS data, we can perform a real-time monitoring for understanding the plasma and electromagnetic environment changes in geospace and lithosphere. In the present paper, we will introduce geomagnetic anomalies associated with larger earthquakes (EQs), observed at the MAGDAS stations. The first event is the Pisco earthquake (M=8.0) on August 15, 2007, which was the largest shallow earthquake and affected the coastal area south of Lima for 250 years. This occurred at the boundary between the Nazca and South American tectonic plates. Geomagnetic data from the MAGDAS Ancon (ANC; about 180 km from the epicenter), the INTERMAGNET Huancayo (HUA;about 190 km from the epicenter) and the MAGDAS Eusebio (EUS; about 39°east from ANC) stations were analyzed to clarify if there is a relation between the geomagnetic variations and the tectonic activities at Peru during 2007. Our results indicate both long- (several months) and short-term (daily) anomalous geomagnetic variations (H and Z components) in relation with these seismic activities. In addition, there were anomalous signals of Pc 3 polarization (Z/H) a few months before the onset of seismic activities. The second event is the Taiwan earthquake of M=6.4 on the Richter scale, which occurred at depth ≈ 45 km, on 19th of December 2009. The epicenter was located about 20 Km away from our MAGDAS Hualien (HLN) station. The MAGDAS Amami-ohshima (AMA) station in Japan was used as a remote reference station. The geomagnetic components (H, D and Z) at the HLN station showed baseline fluctuations

  12. (2R)-4-Oxo-4[3-(Trifluoromethyl)-5,6-diihydro:1,2,4}triazolo[4,3-a}pyrazin-7(8H)-y1]-1-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)butan-2-amine: A Potent, Orally Active Dipeptidyl Peptidase IV Inhibitor for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, D.; Wang, L.; Beconi, M.; Eiermann, G.; Fisher, M.; He, H.; Hickey, G.; Kowalchick, Jennifer; Leiting, Barbara; Lyons, K.; Marsilio, F.; McCann, F.; Patel, R.; Petrov, A.; Scapin, G.; Patel, S.; Roy, R.; Wu, J.; Wyvratt, M.; Zhang, B.; Zhu, L.; Thornberry, N.; Weber, A.

    2010-11-10

    A novel series of {beta}-amino amides incorporating fused heterocycles, i.e., triazolopiperazines, were synthesized and evaluated as inhibitors of dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. (2R)-4-Oxo-4-[3-(trifluoromethyl)-5,6-dihydro[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7(8H)-yl]-1-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)butan-2-amine (1) is a potent, orally active DPP-IV inhibitor (IC{sub 50} = 18 nM) with excellent selectivity over other proline-selective peptidases, oral bioavailability in preclinical species, and in vivo efficacy in animal models. MK-0431, the phosphate salt of compound 1, was selected for development as a potential new treatment for type 2 diabetes.

  13. Expression profiles of the immune genes CD4, CD8β, IFNγ, IL-4, IL-6 and IL-10 in mitogen-stimulated koala lymphocytes (Phascolarctos cinereus) by qRT-PCR.

    PubMed

    Maher, Iona E; Griffith, Joanna E; Lau, Quintin; Reeves, Thomas; Higgins, Damien P

    2014-01-01

    Investigation of the immune response of the koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) is needed urgently, but has been limited by scarcity of species-specific reagents and methods for this unique and divergent marsupial. Infectious disease is an important threat to wild populations of koalas; the most widespread and important of these is Chlamydial disease, caused by Chlamydia pecorum and Chlamydia pneumoniae. In addition, koala retrovirus (KoRV), which is of 100% prevalence in northern Australia, has been proposed as an important agent of immune suppression that could explain the koala's susceptibility to disease. The correct balance of T regulatory, T helper 1 (Th1) and Th2 lymphocyte responses are important to an individual's susceptibility or resistance to chlamydial infection. The ability to study chlamydial or KoRV pathogenesis, effects of environmental stressors on immunity, and the response of koalas to vaccines under development, by examining the koala's adaptive response to natural infection or in-vitro stimulation, has been limited to date by a paucity of species- specific reagents. In this study we have used cytokine sequences from four marsupial genomes to identify mRNA sequences for key T regulatory, Th1 and Th2 cytokines interleukin 4 (IL-4), interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 10 (IL-10) and interferon gamma (IFNγ) along with CD4 and CD8β. The koala sequences used for primer design showed >58% homology with grey short-tailed opossum, >71% with tammar wallaby and 78% with Tasmanian devil amino acid sequences. We report the development of real-time RT-PCR assays to measure the expression of these genes in unstimulated cells and after three common mitogen stimulation protocols (phorbol myristate acetate/ionomycin, phorbol myristate acetate/phytohemagglutinin and concanavalin A). Phorbol myristate acetate/ionomycin was found to be the most effective mitogen to up-regulate the production of IL-4, IL-10 and IFNγ. IL-6 production was not consistently up-regulated by

  14. Substituted 5,6-(Dihydropyrido[3,4-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-yl)-methanones as P2X7 Antagonists.

    PubMed

    Ziff, Jeannie; Rudolph, Dale A; Stenne, Brice; Koudriakova, Tatiana; Lord, Brian; Bonaventure, Pascal; Lovenberg, Timothy W; Carruthers, Nicholas I; Bhattacharya, Anindya; Letavic, Michael A; Shireman, Brock T

    2016-04-20

    We describe the synthesis of a novel class of brain penetrating P2X7 antagonists with high potency at both the rat and human P2X7 receptors. Disclosed herein are druglike molecules with demonstrated target engagement of the rat P2X7 receptors after an oral dose. Specifically, compound 20 occupied the P2X7 receptors >80% over the 6 h time course as measured by an ex vivo radioligand binding experiment. In a dose-response assay, this molecule has a plasma EC50 of 8 ng/mL. Overall, 20 has suitable druglike properties and pharmacokinetics in rat and dog. This molecule and others disclosed herein will serve as additional tools to elucidate the role of the P2X7 receptor in neuropsychiatric disorders. PMID:26754558

  15. Spectroscopic and structural characterization of the charge-transfer interaction of N,N'-bis-alkyl derivatives of 1,4,6,8-naphthalenediimide with chloranilic and picric acids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Refat, Moamen S.; Ahmed, Hamdy A.; Grabchev, Ivo; El-Zayat, Lamia A.

    2008-09-01

    Charge-transfer (CT) complexes formed from the reactions of two N,N'-bis-alkyl derivatives of 1,4,6,8-naphthalenediimide such as N, N'-bis[2-hydroxyethyl)]-1,4,6,8-naphthalenediimide (BHENDI) and N, N'-bis-[2- N, N-dimethylaminoethyl)]-1,4,6,8-naphthalenediimide (BDMAENDI) with chloranilic acid (CLA) and piciric acid (PA) as π-acceptors, have been studied spectrophotometrically in methanol and chloroform, respectively at 25 °C. The photometric titration curves for the reactions indicated that the data obtained refer to 1:1 charge-transfer complexes of [(BHENDI)(CLA)], [(BDMAENDI)(CLA)], [(BHENDI)(PA)] and [(BDMAENDI)(PA)] were formed. Benesi-Hildebrand and its modification methods were applied to the determination of association constant ( K), molar extinction coefficient ( ɛ). The solid CT complexes have been synthesized and characterization by different spectral methods.

  16. 7 CFR 8.4 - Basic premises.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Basic premises. 8.4 Section 8.4 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture 4-H CLUB NAME AND EMBLEM § 8.4 Basic premises. (a) The 4-H Club Name and Emblem are held in trust by the Secretary of Agriculture of the United States Department of...

  17. LD50 value, phototoxicity and convulsion induction test of the new quinolone antibacterial agent (S)-10-[(S)-(8-amino-6-azaspiro[3,4]octan-6-yl)]-9-fluoro-2, 3-dihydro-3-methyl-7-oxo-7H-pyrido[1,2,3-de][1,4]benzoxazine-6-carboxyl ic acid hemihydrate in laboratory animals.

    PubMed

    Shimoda, K; Akahane, K; Nomura, M; Kato, M

    1996-06-01

    (S)-10-[(S)-(8-Amino-6-azaspiro[3,4]octan-6-yl)]-9-fluoro-2, 3-dihydro-3-methyl-7-oxo-7H-pyrido[1,2,3-de][1,4]benzoxazine-6-carboxyli c acid hemihydrate (CAS 151390-79-3, DV-7751a) a new quinolone antibacterial agent, was examined for LD50 value, phototoxicity and convulsion inducing potential in laboratory animals. A single oral administration of DV-7751a induced soft stool in rats at 1000 and 2000 mg/ kg and in monkeys at 250 mg/kg and vomiting in monkeys at 500 mg/kg or more. A single intravenous administration caused a decrease in locomotor activity, respiratory depression, convulsion, pulmonary edema and death in rats and mice. The LD50 values with oral administration were more than 2000 mg/ kg for rats and mice and more than 250 mg/kg for monkeys, and those with intravenous administration were 164.3 mg/kg for rats of both sexes at an injection rate of 2 ml/min, 118.8 mg/kg for male rats and 104 to 125 mg/kg for female rats at 0.5 ml/min, and 184.7 mg/kg for male mice and 187.4 mg/kg for female mice. DV-7751a showed very weak phototoxicity in mice after single oral administration of 600 mg/kg, followed by UVA irradiation, but no convulsion after oral administration of 200 or 1000 mg/kg in combination with 4-biphenylacetic acid at 400 mg/kg. PMID:8767355

  18. 2-[6,8-Dibromo-3-(4-hydroxy­cyclo­hexyl)-1,2,3,4-tetra­hydro­quinazolin-2-yl]-6-methoxy­phenol

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Zhi-Gang; Wang, Rong; Zhang, Yi; Zhi, Feng; Yang, Yi-Lin

    2009-01-01

    The title compound, C21H24Br2N2O3, was synthesized by the condensation reaction of 3-methoxy­salicylaldehyde with 4-(2-amino-3,5-dibromo­benzyl­amino)cyclo­hexa­nol in a methanol solution. The dihedral angle between the two benzene rings is 76.4 (3)°. The cyclo­hexyl ring adopts a chair configuration. There is an intra­molecular O—H⋯N hydrogen bond which affects the solid state conformation of the mol­ecule. The crystal structure is stabilized by inter­molecular O—H⋯O hydrogen bonds, forming chains running along the b axis. PMID:21582209

  19. Quantification of the carcinogens 2-amino-3,8-dimethyl- and 2-amino-3,4,8-trimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline and 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine in food using a combined assay based on gas chromatography-negative ion mass spectrometry.

    PubMed

    Murray, S; Lynch, A M; Knize, M G; Gooderham, M J

    1993-07-01

    A gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric assay has been developed for the measurement of 2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (MeIQx), 2-amino-3,4,8-trimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (DiMeIQx) and 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) in food. Stable isotope-labelled analogues of MeIQx and PhIP are used as internal standards and the synthesis of deuterated PhIP is described. The mass spectrometer is operated in the electron-capture negative ion chemical ionisation mode and the amines are chromatographed as their di-3,5-bistrifluoromethylbenzyl derivatives. All three compounds can be measured in a single chromatographic run and detection limits of 0.05, 0.1 and 0.2 ng/g for MeIQx, DiMeIQx and PhIP, respectively, in food are obtained. Various home-cooked and commercially prepared foodstuffs were analysed with this assay and several were found to contain measurable amounts of one or more of the three amines. These results are presented and discussed. PMID:8376502

  20. Non-additive hepatic gene expression elicited by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB153) co-treatment in C57BL/6 mice

    SciTech Connect

    Kopec, Anna K.; D'Souza, Michelle L.; Mets, Bryan D.; Burgoon, Lyle D.; Reese, Sarah E.; Archer, Kellie J.; Potter, Dave; Tashiro, Colleen; Sharratt, Bonnie; Harkema, Jack R.; Zacharewski, Timothy R.

    2011-10-15

    Interactions between environmental contaminants can lead to non-additive effects that may affect the toxicity and risk assessment of a mixture. Comprehensive time course and dose-response studies with 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), non-dioxin-like 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB153) and their mixture were performed in immature, ovariectomized C57BL/6 mice. Mice were gavaged once with 30 {mu}g/kg TCDD, 300 mg/kg PCB153, a mixture of 30 {mu}g/kg TCDD with 300 mg/kg PCB153 (MIX) or sesame oil vehicle for 4,12, 24,72 or 168 h. In the 24 h dose-response study, animals were gavaged with TCDD (0.3,1, 3, 6, 10, 15, 30, 45 {mu}g/kg), PCB153 (3,10, 30, 60, 100, 150, 300, 450 mg/kg), MIX (0.3 + 3, 1 + 10, 3 + 30, 6 + 60, 10 + 100, 15 + 150, 30 + 300, 45 {mu}g/kg TCDD + 450 mg/kg PCB153, respectively) or vehicle. All three treatments significantly increased relative liver weights (RLW), with MIX eliciting significantly greater increases compared to TCDD and PCB153 alone. Histologically, MIX induced hepatocellular hypertrophy, vacuolization, inflammation, hyperplasia and necrosis, a combination of TCDD and PCB153 responses. Complementary lipid analyses identified significant increases in hepatic triglycerides in MIX and TCDD samples, while PCB153 had no effect on lipids. Hepatic PCB153 levels were also significantly increased with TCDD co-treatment. Microarray analysis identified 167 TCDD, 185 PCB153 and 388 MIX unique differentially expressed genes. Statistical modeling of quantitative real-time PCR analysis of Pla2g12a, Serpinb6a, Nqo1, Srxn1, and Dysf verified non-additive expression following MIX treatment compared to TCDD and PCB153 alone. In summary, TCDD and PCB153 co-treatment elicited specific non-additive gene expression effects that are consistent with RLW increases, histopathology, and hepatic lipid accumulation. - Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Highlights: > MIX (TCDD:PCB153 at 1:10,000 ratio) exposure leads to non-additive gene expression

  1. Pseudo Jahn-Teller distortion for a tricyclic carbon sulfide (C6S8) and its suppression in S-oxygenated dithiine (C4H4(SO2)2)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pratik, Saied Md.; Chowdhury, Chandra; Bhattacharjee, Rameswar; Jahiruddin, Sk.; Datta, Ayan

    2015-10-01

    The tricyclic carbon-sulfide, C6S8 molecule containing two S-atoms in the 1,4-position of the central six-membered ring and one disulfide (Ssbnd S) and one thione (Cdbnd S) bond on the five membered rings on its either side (1) possesses a "butterfly flapping" type distorted ground state in the gas-phase and also in β-phase of the crystal. For the isolated molecule, better consideration of the S…S non-bonding interactions in the dithiine ring in the bent form at the M06-2X/6-31+G(d,p) level leads to a significant barrier for inversion of 2.4 kcal/mol which is 2-3 times more than that previously obtained by Weber and Dolg at the B3LYP/cc-pVTZ level due to underestimation of dispersion interactions at the B3LYP level. The origin of the distortion leading to lowering of symmetry for 1 (C2h → C2) is traced to vibronic mixing between the ground state (Ag) and the low lying excited states of Au symmetry through the au normal mode, a (1Ag + 1Au + 2Au + 3Au) × au pseudo Jahn-Teller effect (PJTE) problem. Based on fitting of the ground state APES to the lowest root of the 4 × 4 secular determinant, we calculate the linear vibronic coupling constants (F0i) between the relevant states. Similar in class to 1, the S-oxygenated derivative of dithiine, C4H4(SO2)2 (2) unlike most other dithiines, remains planar. The absence of the butterfly-type puckered structure in 2 is traced to the enhanced gap (Δ0) and very small vibronic coupling (F01) between the ground and PJT active state along the au distortion which suppress the PJT instability. Considering the separation of the occupied molecular orbital (OMO) and unoccupied molecular orbitals (UMO) energy levels provide a qualitative understanding for the contrasting behavior of 1 and 2. In effect, the PJT effect is shown to be a fruitful and general tool to describe the presence or lack of molecular distortion.

  2. Reactions of the iridathiabenzene complex Cp{sup *}Ir(2,5-dimethylthiophene) with Co{sub 2}(CO){sub 8}, Co{sub 4}(CO){sub 12}, and ({eta}{sup 6}-C{sub 6}H{sub 3}Me{sub 3})Co{sub 4}(CO){sub 9}

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, J.; Young, V.G. Jr.; Angelici, R.J. |

    1996-03-05

    With the goal of preparing an {eta}{sup 6}-iridathiabenzene complex of Co{sub 4}(CO){sub 12}, the ring-opened iridathiabenzene complex Cp{sup *}Ir(C,S-2,5-Me{sub 2}T) (1), where 2,5-Me{sub 2}T is 2,5-dimethylthiophene, was reacted with Co{sub 4}(CO){sub 12}, Co{sub 2}(CO){sub 8}, and ({eta}{sup 6}-C{sub 6}H{sub 3}Me{sub 3})Co{sub 4}(CO){sub 9}. Only in the reaction of ({eta}{sup 6}-C{sub 6}H{sub 3}Me{sub 3})Co{sub 4}(CO){sub 9} under mild conditions (35-40{degree}C) was the {eta}{sup 6}-iridathiabenzene cluster [{eta}{sup 6}-Cp{sup *}Ir(C,S-2,5-Me{sub 2}T)]Co{sub 4}(CO){sub 9} (7) obtained. At higher temperatures, the reaction yielded Cp{sup *}Ir({eta}{sup 4}-2,5-Me{sub 2}T.Co{sub 4}(CO){sub 11}) (6), in which the 2,5-Me{sub 2}T ligand is coordinated through its diene to the Ir and through its sulfur to a Co of the cluster. Reactions of Co{sub 4}(CO){sub 12} and Co{sub 2}(CO){sub 8} with 1 yielded Cp{sup *}Ir({eta}{sup 4}-2,5-Me{sub 2}T.Co{sub 4})(CO){sub 11} (2), an isomer of 6, which converts to the desulfurized linear tetranuclear cluster [Cp{sup *}Ir(C(Me)=CHCH=C(Me))({mu}-CO){sub 2}Co]{sub 2} (3); this species contains bridging iridacyclopentadiene units. Cluster 3 has a structure with a Co{sub 2}({mu}-Co){sub 2} core and Cp{sup *}Ir(C(Me)=CHCH=C(Me))(CO) (4) end groups. In fact, 3 can be prepared form Co{sub 2}(CO){sub 8} and 4. Molecular structures of 2-4 are reported, together with a discussion of pathways that lead to their formation. 30 refs., 3 figs., 7 tabs.

  3. Anti-inflammatory activity of an orange peel polymethoxylated flavone, 3’,4’,3,5,6,7,8,-heptamethoxyflavone, in the rat carrageenan/paw edema and mouse LPS-challenge assays

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The anti-inflammatory properties of 3',4',3,5,6,7,8-heptamethoxyflavone (HMF), a citrus polymethoxylated flavone, were studied in the bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-challenge/tumor necrosis factor-a (TNFa) response in mice, and in the carrageenan/paw edema assay in rats. In each of these trials,...

  4. High performance La2NiO4+δ-infiltrated (La0.6Sr0.4)0.995Co0.2Fe0.8O3−δ cathode for solid oxide fuel cells

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Zhang, Xinxin; Zhang, Hui; Liu, Xingbo

    2014-12-01

    In this paper, we reported our effort on improving electrochemical performance of (La0.6Sr0.4)0.995Co0.2Fe0.8O3d (LSCF) cathode in solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) by infiltration of La2NiO4þd (LNO). It is found that a porous LSCF backbone coated with LNO nanoparticles is an attractive way to acquire a noticeable decrease in the polarization resistance and activation energy of LSCF cathode, thereby showing high surface activity and enhanced oxygen transport capability. The key contributions of the LNO nanoparticles also lead to a 67% increase in peak power density and operation stability at a constant current density of 250 mA cm2 with a low degradationmore » rate of 0.39% for about 500 h at 750 C. Although extended durability of LNO-infiltrated LSCF might be concerned, based on coarsening of the LNO nanoparticles, a greatly increased power density and voltage output after a cell operation of 500 h engenders substantial confidence in the beneficial effect of LNO-infiltrated LSCF materials on cell properties. The enhancement of ORR kinetics could be ascribed to the increase of active surface area and active reaction regions from the heterostructured LSCF/LNO interface architecture, and/or favorable cation diffusion from LSCF to LNO.« less

  5. 38 CFR 8a.4 - Coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Coverage. 8a.4 Section 8a.4 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS VETERANS MORTGAGE LIFE INSURANCE § 8a.4 Coverage. (a) The amount of VMLI in force on his or her life at any one time shall...

  6. 38 CFR 8a.4 - Coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Coverage. 8a.4 Section 8a.4 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS VETERANS MORTGAGE LIFE INSURANCE § 8a.4 Coverage. (a) The amount of VMLI in force on his or her life at any one time shall...

  7. 38 CFR 8a.4 - Coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Coverage. 8a.4 Section 8a.4 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS VETERANS MORTGAGE LIFE INSURANCE § 8a.4 Coverage. (a) The amount of VMLI in force on his or her life at any one time shall...

  8. 38 CFR 8a.4 - Coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Coverage. 8a.4 Section 8a.4 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS VETERANS MORTGAGE LIFE INSURANCE § 8a.4 Coverage. (a) The amount of VMLI in force on his or her life at any one time shall...

  9. 38 CFR 8a.4 - Coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Coverage. 8a.4 Section 8a.4 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS VETERANS MORTGAGE LIFE INSURANCE § 8a.4 Coverage. (a) The amount of VMLI in force on his or her life at any one time shall...

  10. 43 CFR 8.4 - Blocking out.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Blocking out. 8.4 Section 8.4 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior JOINT POLICIES OF THE DEPARTMENTS OF THE INTERIOR AND OF THE ARMY RELATIVE TO RESERVOIR PROJECT LANDS § 8.4 Blocking out. Blocking out will be accomplished...

  11. 43 CFR 8.4 - Blocking out.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Blocking out. 8.4 Section 8.4 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior JOINT POLICIES OF THE DEPARTMENTS OF THE INTERIOR AND OF THE ARMY RELATIVE TO RESERVOIR PROJECT LANDS § 8.4 Blocking out. Blocking out will be accomplished...

  12. 43 CFR 8.4 - Blocking out.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Blocking out. 8.4 Section 8.4 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior JOINT POLICIES OF THE DEPARTMENTS OF THE INTERIOR AND OF THE ARMY RELATIVE TO RESERVOIR PROJECT LANDS § 8.4 Blocking out. Blocking out will be accomplished...

  13. 43 CFR 8.4 - Blocking out.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Blocking out. 8.4 Section 8.4 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior JOINT POLICIES OF THE DEPARTMENTS OF THE INTERIOR AND OF THE ARMY RELATIVE TO RESERVOIR PROJECT LANDS § 8.4 Blocking out. Blocking out will be accomplished...

  14. 43 CFR 8.4 - Blocking out.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Blocking out. 8.4 Section 8.4 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior JOINT POLICIES OF THE DEPARTMENTS OF THE INTERIOR AND OF THE ARMY RELATIVE TO RESERVOIR PROJECT LANDS § 8.4 Blocking out. Blocking out will be accomplished...

  15. 15 CFR 8b.4 - Discrimination prohibited.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Discrimination prohibited. 8b.4 Section 8b.4 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce PROHIBITION OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST THE HANDICAPPED IN FEDERALLY ASSISTED PROGRAMS OPERATED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE General Provisions § 8b.4 Discrimination prohibited....

  16. 15 CFR 8b.4 - Discrimination prohibited.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Discrimination prohibited. 8b.4 Section 8b.4 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce PROHIBITION OF DISCRIMINATION... Provisions § 8b.4 Discrimination prohibited. (a) General. No qualified handicapped individual shall, on...

  17. 15 CFR 8b.4 - Discrimination prohibited.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Discrimination prohibited. 8b.4 Section 8b.4 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce PROHIBITION OF DISCRIMINATION... Provisions § 8b.4 Discrimination prohibited. (a) General. No qualified handicapped individual shall, on...

  18. 15 CFR 8b.4 - Discrimination prohibited.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Discrimination prohibited. 8b.4 Section 8b.4 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce PROHIBITION OF DISCRIMINATION... Provisions § 8b.4 Discrimination prohibited. (a) General. No qualified handicapped individual shall, on...

  19. 15 CFR 8b.4 - Discrimination prohibited.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Discrimination prohibited. 8b.4 Section 8b.4 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce PROHIBITION OF DISCRIMINATION... Provisions § 8b.4 Discrimination prohibited. (a) General. No qualified handicapped individual shall, on...

  20. 28 CFR 4.8 - Hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Hearing. 4.8 Section 4.8 Judicial... OF 1974 § 4.8 Hearing. The hearing on the application shall be held at the offices of the Commision in Washington, DC, or elsewhere as the Commission may direct. The hearing shall be held before...

  1. 28 CFR 4.8 - Hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Hearing. 4.8 Section 4.8 Judicial... OF 1974 § 4.8 Hearing. The hearing on the application shall be held at the offices of the Commision in Washington, DC, or elsewhere as the Commission may direct. The hearing shall be held before...

  2. 1 CFR 8.4 - Indexes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true Indexes. 8.4 Section 8.4 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS § 8.4 Indexes. A subject index to the entire Code shall be annually revised and...

  3. 1 CFR 8.4 - Indexes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Indexes. 8.4 Section 8.4 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS § 8.4 Indexes. A subject index to the entire Code shall be annually revised and...

  4. 1 CFR 8.4 - Indexes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Indexes. 8.4 Section 8.4 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS § 8.4 Indexes. A subject index to the entire Code shall be annually revised and...

  5. 1 CFR 8.4 - Indexes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Indexes. 8.4 Section 8.4 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS § 8.4 Indexes. A subject index to the entire Code shall be annually revised and...

  6. 1 CFR 8.4 - Indexes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Indexes. 8.4 Section 8.4 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS § 8.4 Indexes. A subject index to the entire Code shall be annually revised and...

  7. Synthesis and characterization of A4[Re6Q8L6]@SiO2 red-emitting silica nanoparticles based on Re6 metal atom clusters (A = Cs or K, Q = S or Se, and L = OH or CN).

    PubMed

    Aubert, Tangi; Ledneva, Alexandra Y; Grasset, Fabien; Kimoto, Koji; Naumov, Nikolay G; Molard, Yann; Saito, Noriko; Haneda, Hajime; Cordier, Stéphane

    2010-12-01

    Metal atom clusters constitute very promising candidates as luminophores for applications in biotechnology because they are nanosized entities offering robust luminescence in the near-infrared field (NIR). However, they cannot be used as prepared for biological applications because of potential toxic effects and quenching of the clusters' luminescence in aqueous media, and they therefore need to be dispersed in a biocompatible matrix. We describe herein the encapsulation of octahedral rhenium clusters, denoted as A(4)[Re(6)Q(8)L(6)] (A = Cs or K, Q = S or Se, and L = OH or CN), in silica nanoparticles by a water-in-oil microemulsion process, paying particular attention to the clusters' stability. The obtained A(4)[Re(6)Q(8)L(6)]@SiO(2) nanoparticles are 30 nm in size with good monodispersity and a perfectly spherical shape, as shown by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The presence of cluster units inside the silica matrix was evidenced by scanning transmission electron microscopy in annular dark-field mode (ADF-STEM). From the point of view of their optical properties, the A(4)[Re(6)Q(8)L(6)]@SiO(2) nanoparticles show red and NIR emission under UV excitation, even when dispersed in water. The evolution of the structural and luminescence properties of clusters before and after encapsulation was followed by Raman and photoluminescence spectroscopy. PMID:21069995

  8. L-nucleotides and 8-methylguanine of d(C1m8G2C3G4C5LG6LC7G8C9G10)2 act cooperatively to promote a left-handed helix under physiological salt conditions

    PubMed Central

    Cherrak, Ilham; Mauffret, Olivier; Santamaria, Fanny; Hocquet, Alexandre; Ghomi, Mahmoud; Rayner, Bernard; Fermandjian, Serge

    2003-01-01

    The structure and thermal stability of a hetero chiral decaoligodeoxyribonucleotide duplex d(C1m8 G2C3G4C5LG6LC7G8C9G10)d(C11m8G12C13G14C15LG16LC17G18C19G20) (O1) with two contiguous pairs of enantiomeric 2′-deoxy-l-ribonucleotides (C5LG6L/C15LG16L) at its centre and an 8-methylguanine at position 2/12 was analysed by circular dichroism, NMR and molecular modelling. O1 resolves in a left-handed helical structure already at low salt concentration (0.1 M NaCl). The central l2-sugar portion assumes a B* left-handed conformation (mirror-image of right-handed B-DNA) while its flanking d4-sugar portions adopt the known Z left-handed conformation. The resulting Z4–B2*–Z4 structure (left-handed helix) is the reverse of that of B4–Z2*–B4 (right-handed helix) displayed by the nearly related decaoligodeoxyribonucleotide d(mC1G2mC3G4C5L G6LmC7G8mC9G10)2, at the same low salt concentration (0.1 M NaCl). In the same experimental conditions, d(C1m8G2C3G4C5G6C7G8C9G10)2 (O2), the stereoregular version of O1, resolves into a right-handed B-DNA helix. Thus, both the 8-methylguanine and the enantiomeric step CLpGL at the centre of the molecule are needed to induce left-handed helicity. Remarkably, in the various heterochiral decaoligodeoxyribonucleotides so far analysed by us, when the central CLpGL adopts the B* (respectively Z*) conformation, then the adjacent steps automatically resolves in the Z (respectively B) conformation. This allows a good optimisation of the base–base stackings and base–sugar van der Waals interactions at the ZB*/B*Z (respectively BZ*/Z*B) junctions so that the Z4–B2*–Z4 (respectively B4–Z2*–B4) helix displays a Tm (∼65°C) that is only 5°C lower than the one of its homochiral counterpart. Here we anticipate that a large variety of DNA helices can be generated at low salt concentration by manipulating internal factors such as sugar configuration, duplex length, nucleotide composition and base methylation. These helices can

  9. Superstructure formation in SrBa8[BN2]6 and EuBa8[BN2]6.

    PubMed

    Seidel, Stefan; Dierkes, Tobias; Jüstel, Thomas; Benndorf, Christopher; Eckert, Hellmut; Pöttgen, Rainer

    2016-07-26

    X-ray pure samples of SrBa8[BN2]6 and EuBa8[BN2]6 were synthesized from appropriate amounts of binary nitrides (Sr3N2, Ba3N2 and BN in sealed niobium ampoules and EuN, Ba3N2 and BN in BN crucibles, respectively) at temperatures up to 1370 K. The structure of SrBa8[BN2]6 was refined from single crystal X-ray diffractometer data: Fd3[combining macron]m, a = 1595.1(1) pm, wR(F(2)) = 0.0515, 387 F(2) values and 21 variables. EuBa8[BN2]6 has a lattice parameter of 1595.00(9) pm. Both nitridoborates adopt a new 2 × 2 × 2 superstructure variant of the LiCa4[BN2]3 type, realized through ordering of vacancies and Sr(2+) and Eu(2+) cations, respectively. The structures of SrBa8[BN2]6 and LiCa4[BN2]3 are related by a group-subgroup scheme. The Sr(2+)/vacancy ordering leads to an asymmetric coordination (1 × Sr(2+) and 8 × Ba(2+) in a distorted, mono-capped square prism) for the [BN2](3-) units with B-N distances of 132 and 136 pm. Vibrational spectra of SrBa8[BN2]6 and EuBa8[BN2]6 confirm the discrete linear [BN2](3-) units and (11)B solid state MAS NMR spectra are compatible with single crystallographic sites for the boron atoms. In EuBa8[BN2]6 the spectra are profoundly influenced by interactions of the (11)B nuclei with the unpaired electrons of the paramagnetic Eu(2+) ions. PMID:27397545

  10. E. coli QueD is a 6-carboxy-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropterin synthase†

    PubMed Central

    McCarty, Reid M.; Somogyi, Árpád; Bandarian, Vahe

    2009-01-01

    To elucidate the early steps required during biosynthesis of a broad class of 7-deazapurine containing natural products, we have studied the reaction catalyzed by Escherichia coli QueD, a 6-pyruvoyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropterin synthase (PTPS) homolog possibly involved in queuosine biosynthesis. While mammalian PTPS homologs convert 7,8-dihydroneopterin triphosphate (H2NTP) to 6-pyruvoyltetrahydropterin (PPH4) in biopterin biosynthesis, E. coli QueD catalyzes the conversion of H2NTP to 6-carboxy-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropterin (CPH4). E. coli QueD can also convert PPH4 and sepiapterin to CPH4, allowing a mechanism to be proposed. PMID:19231875

  11. Part 1: The effects of pre-dissolved hydrogen on cleavage and grain boundary fracture initiation in metastable beta Ti-3Al-8V-6Cr-4Mo-4Zr

    SciTech Connect

    Gaudett, M.A.; Scully, J.R.

    1999-01-01

    The effects of electrochemically pre-dissolved hydrogen on room-temperature fracture initiation in Beta-C titanium (Ti-3Al-8V-6Cr-4Mo-4Zr wt pct) have been investigated using circumferentially notched tensile specimens. Finite element-based analysis of notch stress fields was used to define relationships between the local threshold stress for crack initiation vs total internal hydrogen concentration. The as-received, solution heat treated (ST, {sigma}{sub y.2} pct = 865 MPa) and the ST + peak-aged conditions (STA, {sigma}{sub y.2%} pct = 1260 MPa) were compared after defining the relationships between the fracture process zone hydrogen concentration, hydrogen-metal interactions (i.e., hydrostatic stress field occlusion, trapping, hydriding), and the resulting fracture initiation behavior of each. Solutionized + peak-aged ({beta} + {alpha}) Beta-C fractured intergranularly above total hydrogen concentrations of {approximately}1000 wt ppm (5.1 at. pct). A fracture mode consistent with cleavage occurred at {approximately}2100 wt ppm (10.7 at. pct). Solutionized Beta-C resisted hydrogen-assisted cracking (e.g., did not crack intergranularly) but was not immune; cleavage cracking was provoked at {approximately}4000 wt ppm (20.4 at. pct). Cold-worked ST Beta-C (CW, {sigma}{sub y.2} pct = 1107 MPa) did not crack intergranularly; fracture initiation behavior was similar to the St condition regardless of specimen orientation. Fractographic evidence and finite element results show that a finite plastic zone exists prior to intergranular fracture of the STA condition. This suggests that a criterion for fracture that incorporates plastic strain and stress should be considered.

  12. Hydrothermal synthesis, crystal structure, and magnetic properties of a novel organo-templated iron(III) borophosphate: (C{sub 3}H{sub 12}N{sub 2})Fe{sup III} {sub 6}(H{sub 2}O){sub 4}[B{sub 4}P{sub 8}O{sub 32}(OH){sub 8}

    SciTech Connect

    Huang Yaxi; Schnelle, Walter; Zhang Hui; Borrmann, Horst; Kniep, Ruediger

    2009-04-15

    The organo-templated iron(III) borophosphate (C{sub 3}H{sub 12}N{sub 2})Fe{sup III} {sub 6}(H{sub 2}O){sub 4}[B{sub 4}P{sub 8}O{sub 32}(OH){sub 8}] was prepared under mild hydrothermal conditions (at 443 K) and the crystal structure was determined from single crystal X-ray data at 295 K (monoclinic, P2{sub 1}/c (No. 14), a=5.014(2) A, b=9.309(2) A, c=20.923(7) A, beta=110.29(2){sup o}, V=915.9(5) A{sup 3}, Z=2, R1=0.049, wR2=0.107 for all data, 2234 observed reflections with I>2sigma(I)). The title compound contains a complex inorganic framework of borophosphate trimers [BP{sub 2}O{sub 8}(OH){sub 2}]{sup 5-} together with FeO{sub 4}(OH)(H{sub 2}O)- and FeO{sub 4}(OH){sub 2}-octahedra forming channels with ten-membered ring apertures in which the diaminopropane cations are located. The magnetization measurements confirm the Fe(III)-state and show an antiferromagnetic ordering at T{sub N}{approx}14.0(1) K. - Graphical abstract: The complex inorganic open-framework of (C{sub 3}H{sub 12}N{sub 2})Fe{sup III} {sub 6}(H{sub 2}O){sub 4}[B{sub 4}P{sub 8}O{sub 32}(OH){sub 8}] consists of borophosphate trimers and iron(III) coordination octahedra arranged to form channels with ten-membered ring apertures in which the organic 1,3-diaminopropane cations are located.

  13. Fused Perovskite Tunnel Structures in Ba5 Fe6+x S4+x O8 (0.44≤x≤0.55) with x-Dependent Two-Stage Magnetizations.

    PubMed

    Wright, Taylor; Prots, Yurii; Valldor, Martin

    2016-08-01

    Ba5 Fe6+x S4+x O8 was synthesized through a solid-state reaction, and pure powders of nominal compositions x=0.44-0.55 were obtained after being rinsed with water. The crystal structures (P4/mmm, a=10.13, c=4.03 Å) and sample purities were investigated by powder synchrotron X-ray diffraction and were found to be composed of a tunnel lattice (Ba5 Fe6 S4 O8 ), built from fused perovskite units and the tunnel filling (Fex Sx ). The variable composition, that is, the tunnel filling (x), causes partially occupied sites as well as crystallographic split positions. Ba5 Fe6+x S4+x O8 (x=0.525) is semiconducting and all investigated compositions exhibit magnetic ground states that could be described as either semi-spin-glass-like (x>0.5) or canted antiferromagnetic (x<0.5). The spin-glass in x=0.525 exhibits magnetic relaxations that are affected by ageing. PMID:27359247

  14. 8 CFR 1287.4 - Subpoena.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... records and evidence for use in criminal or civil investigations, see 8 CFR 287.4(a)(1). (2) Proceedings... evidence, or both, for use in any proceeding under this title, other than under 8 CFR part 335, or any application made ancillary to the proceeding, see 8 CFR 287.4(a)(2)(i). (ii) Subsequent to commencement of...

  15. 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    2,4,6 - Trichlorophenol ; CASRN 88 - 06 - 2 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process . Sections I ( Health Hazard Assessments for Noncarcino

  16. 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase 1-deficiency modifies allergic airway inflammation by regulating STAT6 and IL-4 in cells and in mice

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Background: 8-oxoguanine-DNA glycosylase (OGG-1) is an enzyme involved in DNA repair. OGG-1 has a potential role in regulating inflammation but its function in modulating allergic diseases remains undefined. Objectives: To investigate the role of OGG-1 in mediating allergic inflammation, we used OGG...

  17. Crystal structure of di­chlorido­(4,11-dimethyl-1,4,8,11-tetra­aza­bicyclo­[6.6.2]hexa­deca­ne)iron(III) hexa­fluorido­phosphate

    PubMed Central

    Funwie, Neil L.; Cain, Amy N.; Fanning, Brian Z.; Hageman, Serena A.; Mullens, Malorie; Roberts, Travis K.; Turner, Daniel J.; Valdez, Cammi N.; Vaughan, Robert W.; Ermias, Henok G.; Silversides, Jon D.; Archibald, Stephen J.; Hubin, Timothy J.; Prior, Timothy J.

    2015-01-01

    The title compound, [FeCl2(C14H30N4)]PF6, contains Fe3+ coordinated by the four nitro­gen atoms of an ethyl­ene cross-bridged cyclam macrocycle and two cis chloride ligands in a distorted octa­hedral environment. In contrast to other similar compounds this is a monomer. Inter­molecular C—H⋯Cl inter­actions exist in the structure between the complex ions. Comparison with the mononuclear Fe2+ complex of the same ligand shows that the smaller Fe3+ ion is more fully engulfed by the cavity of the bicyclic ligand. Comparison with the μ-oxido dinuclear complex of an unsubstituted ligand of the same size demonstrates that the methyl groups of 4,11-dimethyl-1,4,8,11-tetra­aza­bicyclo­[6.6.2]hexa­decane prevent dimerization upon oxidation. PMID:26396852

  18. 15 CFR 4.8 - Classified Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Classified Information. 4.8 Section 4... INFORMATION Freedom of Information Act § 4.8 Classified Information. In processing a request for information classified under Executive Order 12958 or any other executive order concerning the classification of...

  19. 15 CFR 4.8 - Classified Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Classified Information. 4.8 Section 4... INFORMATION Freedom of Information Act § 4.8 Classified Information. In processing a request for information classified under Executive Order 12958 or any other executive order concerning the classification of...

  20. 15 CFR 4.8 - Classified Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Classified Information. 4.8 Section 4... INFORMATION Freedom of Information Act § 4.8 Classified Information. In processing a request for information classified under Executive Order 12958 or any other executive order concerning the classification of...

  1. 15 CFR 4.8 - Classified Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Classified Information. 4.8 Section 4... INFORMATION Freedom of Information Act § 4.8 Classified Information. In processing a request for information classified under Executive Order 12958 or any other executive order concerning the classification of...

  2. 15 CFR 4.8 - Classified Information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Classified Information. 4.8 Section 4... INFORMATION Freedom of Information Act § 4.8 Classified Information. In processing a request for information..., the information shall be reviewed to determine whether it should remain classified. Ordinarily...

  3. (+)-2-(1,2,3,4,4a,5,6,7-Octahydro-4a,8-dimethyl-7-oxo-2-naphthyl)propionic acid: catemeric hydrogen bonding in a bicyclic sesquiterpenoid keto acid.

    PubMed

    Brunskill, Andrew P J; Thompson, Hugh W; Lalancette, Roger A

    2002-05-01

    The title compound, C(15)H(22)O(3), derived from a naturally occurring sesquiterpenoid, has two molecules in the asymmetric unit, differing principally in the rotational conformation of the carboxyl group. Each species aggregates separately as a carboxyl-to-ketone hydrogen-bonding catemer [O.O = 2.752 (4) and 2.682 (4) A, and O-H.O = 161 (4) and 168 (4) degrees ], producing two crystallographically independent single-strand hydrogen-bonding helices, with opposite end-to-end orientations, passing through the cell in the b direction. Three intermolecular C-H.O=C close contacts exist for the ketone. PMID:11983981

  4. Synthesis, characterization, thermal behaviour and single crystal X-ray analysis of two new insensitive high energy density materials [8-hydroxyquinolinium 5-(2,4,6-trinitrophenyl)barbiturate (I) and 8-hydroxyquinolinium 5-(5-chloro-2,4-dinitrophenyl)-1,3-dimethyl barbiturate (II)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Manickkam, V.; Devi, P. Poornima; Kalaivani, D.

    2014-12-01

    Barbiturates I and II have been synthesized as maroon red and red orange coloured solids by mixing the ethanolic solutions of 2-chloro-1,3,5-trinitrobenzene ( TNCB), pyrimidine-2,4,6(1 H,3 H,5 H)-trione [barbituric acid ( BA)] and 8-hydroxyquinoline and 1,3-dichloro-4,6-dinitrobenzene ( DCDNB), 1,3-dimethylpyrimidine-2,4,6(1 H,3 H,5 H)-trione(1,3-dimethylbarbituric acid) and 8-hydroxyquinoline respectively. The structures of these two barbiturates have been predicted from the spectral studies (UV-VIS, IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, mass) and elemental analysis. Qualitative tests have been carried out to infer the presence of nitrogen and nitro groups and also chlorine atom in barbiturate II. Slow evaporation of ethanol-dimethylsulphoxide/ethanol solutions of barbiturate I/barbiturate II at 293 K yielded good for X-Ray diffraction crystals. Single crystal X-ray diffraction studies of the crystals further confirm the putative structures of the barbiturates. The asymmetric unit of the barbiturate I comprises of 8-hydroxyquinolinium cation, 5-(2,4,6-trinitrophenyl) barbiturate anion and a molecule of dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO), which is used as a recrystallizing solvent. It crystallizes in the triclinic system with space group (centrosymmetric). Barbiturate II crystallizes in the orthorhombic system with space group P212121 (non-centrosymmetric). Barbiturates I and II are stable towards an impact sensitivity test, when a weight of 2 kg mass hammer is dropped from a height of 160 cm of the instrument. TGA/ DTA analyses at four different heating rates (5, 10, 20, and 40 K/min) imply that they undergo exothermic decomposition (˜85%) in three different stages between 273 and 873 K. Activation energies for these decomposition processes have been calculated by employing Kissinger and Ozawa plots. Impact sensitivity test and activation energies have revealed that the titled barbiturates are insensitive high energy density materials ( IHEDMS).

  5. Measurement of tensor polarization in elastic electron-deuteron scattering in the momentum-transfer range 3. 8 le q le 4. 6 fm sup minus 1

    SciTech Connect

    The, I.; Arvieux, J.; Beck, D.H.; Beise, E.J.; Boudard, A.; Cairns, E.B.; Cameron, J.M.; Dodson, G.W.; Dow, K.A.; Farkhondeh, M.; Fielding, H.W.; Flanz, J.B.; Garcon, M.; Goloskie, R.; Hoibraten, S.; Jourdan, J.; Kowalski, S.; Lapointe, C.; McDonald, W.J.; Ni, B.; Pham, L.D.; Redwine, R.P.; Rodning, N.L.; Roy, G.; Schulze, M.E.; Souder, P.A.; Soukup, J.; Turchinetz, W.E.; Williamson, C.F.; Wilson, K.E.; Wood, S.A.; Ziegler, W. California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 Departement de Physique Nucleaire-Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France Indiana University Cyclotron Facility, Bloomington, Indiana 47405 Laboratoire National Saturne, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York 13210 University of Illinois, Champaign, Illinois 61820 Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Massachusetts 01609)

    1991-07-08

    The tensor polarization {ital t}{sub 20} of the recoil deuteron in elastic {ital e}-{ital d} scattering has been measured for three values of four-momentum transfer, {ital q}=3.78, 4.22, and 4.62 fm{sup {minus}1}. The data have been used to locate the first node in the charge monopole form factor of the deuteron at {ital q}=4.39{plus minus}0.16 fm{sup {minus}1}. The results for {ital t}{sub 20} are in reasonable agreement with expectations based on the nucleon-meson description of nuclear dynamics.

  6. Replication Bypass of the trans-4-Hydroxynonenal-Derived (6S,8R,11S)-1,N[superscript 2]-Deoxyguanosine DNA Adduct by the Sulfolobus solfataricus DNA Polymerase IV

    SciTech Connect

    Banerjee, Surajit; Christov, Plamen P.; Kozekova, Albena; Rizzo, Carmelo J.; Egli, Martin; Stone, Michael P.

    2014-10-02

    trans-4-Hydroxynonenal (HNE) is the major peroxidation product of {omega}-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids in vivo. Michael addition of the N{sub 2}-amino group of dGuo to HNE followed by ring closure of N1 onto the aldehyde results in four diastereomeric 1,N{sub 2}-dGuo (1,N{sub 2}-HNE-dGuo) adducts. The (6S,8R,11S)-HNE-1,N{sub 2}-dGuo adduct was incorporated into the 18-mer templates 5'-d(TCATXGAATCCTTCCCCC)-3' and d(TCACXGAATCCTTCCCCC)-3', where X = (6S,8R,11S)-HNE-1,N{sub 2}-dGuo adduct. These differed in the identity of the template 5'-neighbor base, which was either Thy or Cyt, respectively. Each of these templates was annealed with either a 13-mer primer 5'-d(GGGGGAAGGATTC)-3' or a 14-mer primer 5'-d(GGGGGAAGGATTCC)-3'. The addition of dNTPs to the 13-mer primer allowed analysis of dNTP insertion opposite to the (6S,8R,11S)-HNE-1,N{sub 2}-dGuo adduct, whereas the 14-mer primer allowed analysis of dNTP extension past a primed (6S,8R,11S)-HNE-1,N{sub 2}-dGuo:dCyd pair. The Sulfolobus solfataricus P2 DNA polymerase IV (Dpo4) belongs to the Y-family of error-prone polymerases. Replication bypass studies in vitro reveal that this polymerase inserted dNTPs opposite the (6S,8R,11S)-HNE-1,N{sub 2}-dGuo adduct in a sequence-specific manner. If the template 5'-neighbor base was dCyt, the polymerase inserted primarily dGTP, whereas if the template 5'-neighbor base was dThy, the polymerase inserted primarily dATP. The latter event would predict low levels of Gua {yields} Thy mutations during replication bypass when the template 5'-neighbor base is dThy. When presented with a primed (6S,8R,11S)-HNE-1,N{sub 2}-dGuo:dCyd pair, the polymerase conducted full-length primer extension. Structures for ternary (Dpo4-DNA-dNTP) complexes with all four template-primers were obtained. For the 18-mer:13-mer template-primers in which the polymerase was confronted with the (6S,8R,11S)-HNE-1,N{sub 2}-dGuo adduct, the (6S,8R,11S)-1,N{sub 2}-dGuo lesion remained in the ring

  7. Interactions of fluorinated gases with ionic liquids: solubility of CF4, C2F6, and C3F8 in trihexyltetradecylphosphonium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide.

    PubMed

    Pison, L; Canongia Lopes, J N; Rebelo, L P N; Padua, A A H; Costa Gomes, M F

    2008-10-01

    The interactions between ionic liquids and totally fluorinated alkanes are investigated by associating gas solubility measurements with molecular simulation calculations. Experimental values for the solubility of perfluoromethane, perfluoroethane, and perfluoropropane in one ionic liquidtrihexyltetradecylphophonium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide [P 6,6,6,14][Ntf 2]are reported between 303 and 343 K and close to atmospheric pressure. All mole fraction solubilities decrease with increasing temperature. From the variation of Henry's law constants with temperature, the thermodynamic functions of solvation were calculated. The precision of the experimental data, considered as the average absolute deviation of the Henry's law constants from appropriate smoothing equations, is always better than +/-3%. By the analysis of the differences between the solute-solvent radial distribution functions of perfluoromethane and perfluoropropane obtained by molecular simulation, it was possible to explain why solubility increases with the size of the perfluoroalkane. The trend of solubility is explained on the basis of the location of the solute with respect to the solvent ions as well as on the differences in the solute-solvent energies of interaction. PMID:18781808

  8. Tensor polarization in elastic electron-deuteron scattering in the momentum transfer range 3. 8[le][ital Q][le]4. 6 fm[sup [minus]1

    SciTech Connect

    Garcon, M.; Arvieux, J.; Beck, D.H.; Beise, E.J.; Boudard, A.; Cairns, E.B.; Cameron, J.M.; Dodson, G.W.; Dow, K.A.; Farkhondeh, M.; Fielding, H.W.; Flanz, J.B.; Goloskie, R.; Hoibraten, S.; Jourdan, J.; Kowalski, S.; Lapointe, C.; McDonald, W.J.; Nia, B.; Pham, L.D.; Redwine, R.P.; Rodning, N.L.; Roy, G.; Schulze, M.E.; Souder, P.A.; Soukup, J.; The, I.; Turchinetz, W.E.; Williamson, C.F.; Wilson, K.E.; Wood, S.A.; Ziegler, W. California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 University of Illinois, Champaign, Illinois 61820 Indiana University Cyclotron Facility, Bloomington, Indiana 47405 Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 Service de Physique Nucleaire, Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Laboratoire National Saturne, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Syracuse University, Syracuse, New

    1994-05-01

    The tensor polarization of the recoil deuteron in elastic electron-deuteron scattering has been measured at the Bates Linear Accelerator Center at three values of four-momentum transfer [ital Q]=3.78, 4.22, and 4.62 fm[sup [minus]1], corresponding to incident electron energies of 653, 755, and 853 MeV. The scattered electrons and the recoil deuterons were detected in coincidence. The recoil deuterons were transported to a liquid hydrogen target to undergo a second scattering. The angular distribution of the [ital [rvec d

  9. 40 CFR 721.9850 - 2,4,8,10-Tetraoxa-3,9-diphosphaspiro[5.5]undecane, 3,9- bis[2,4,6-tris(1,1-dimethylethyl)phenoxy]-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false 2,4,8,10-Tetraoxa-3,9-diphosphaspiro undecane, 3,9- bis -. 721.9850 Section 721.9850 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT SIGNIFICANT NEW USES OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances...

  10. 40 CFR 721.9850 - 2,4,8,10-Tetraoxa-3,9-diphosphaspiro[5.5]undecane, 3,9- bis[2,4,6-tris(1,1-dimethylethyl)phenoxy]-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false 2,4,8,10-Tetraoxa-3,9-diphosphaspiro undecane, 3,9- bis -. 721.9850 Section 721.9850 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT SIGNIFICANT NEW USES OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances...

  11. 40 CFR 721.9850 - 2,4,8,10-Tetraoxa-3,9-diphosphaspiro[5.5]undecane, 3,9- bis[2,4,6-tris(1,1-dimethylethyl)phenoxy]-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false 2,4,8,10-Tetraoxa-3,9-diphosphaspiro undecane, 3,9- bis -. 721.9850 Section 721.9850 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT SIGNIFICANT NEW USES OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances...

  12. 40 CFR 721.9850 - 2,4,8,10-Tetraoxa-3,9-diphosphaspiro[5.5]undecane, 3,9- bis[2,4,6-tris(1,1-dimethylethyl)phenoxy]-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false 2,4,8,10-Tetraoxa-3,9-diphosphaspiro undecane, 3,9- bis -. 721.9850 Section 721.9850 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT SIGNIFICANT NEW USES OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances...

  13. 40 CFR 721.9850 - 2,4,8,10-Tetraoxa-3,9-diphosphaspiro[5.5]undecane, 3,9-bis[2,4,6-tris(1,1-dimethylethyl)phenoxy]-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false 2,4,8,10-Tetraoxa-3,9-diphosphaspiro undecane, 3,9-bis -. 721.9850 Section 721.9850 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT SIGNIFICANT NEW USES OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances...

  14. Wear studies on plasma-sprayed Al2O3 and 8mole% of Yttrium-stabilized ZrO2 composite coating on biomedical Ti-6Al-4V alloy for orthopedic joint application

    PubMed Central

    Ganapathy, Perumal; Manivasagam, Geetha; Rajamanickam, Asokamani; Natarajan, Alagumurthi

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents the wear characteristics of the composite ceramic coating made with Al2O3-40wt%8YSZ on the biomedical grade Ti-6Al-4V alloy (grade 5) used for total joint prosthetic components, with the aim of improving their tribological behavior. The coatings were deposited using a plasma spraying technique, and optimization of plasma parameters was performed using response surface methodology to obtain dense coating. The tribological behaviors of the coated and uncoated substrates were evaluated using a ball-on-plate sliding wear tester at 37°C in simulated body-fluid conditions. The microstructure of both the titanium alloy and coated specimen were examined using an optical microscope and scanning electron microscope. The hardness of the plasma-sprayed alumina–zirconia composite coatings was 2.5 times higher than that of the Ti-6Al-4V alloy, while the wear rate of Ti-6Al-4V alloy was 253 times higher than that of the composite-coated Ti-6Al-4V alloy. The superior wear resistance of the alumina–zirconia coated alloy is attributed to its enhanced hardness and intersplat bonding strength. Wear-track examination showed that the predominant wear mechanism of Ti-6Al-4V alloy was abrasive and adhesive wear, whereas, in the case of alumina–zirconia composite coated alloy, the wear was dominated by microchipping and microcracking. PMID:26491323

  15. Correlation between superconductivity and structural properties under high pressure of iron pnictide superconductor Ce[subscript 0.6]Y[subscript 0.4]FeAsO[subscript 0.8]F[subscript 0.2

    SciTech Connect

    Kanagaraj, M.; Arumugam, S.; Kumar, Ravhi S.; Selvan, N.R. Tamil; Muthu, S. Esakki; Prakash, J.; Thakur, Gohil S.; Yoshino, H.; Murata, K.; Matsubayashi, K.; Uwatoko, Y.; Sinogeikin, S.; Cornelius, Andrew; Ganguli, A.K.; Zhao, Yusheng

    2012-02-28

    We report here the pressure dependence of the electrical resistivity and magnetic susceptibility of polycrystalline Ce{sub 0.6}Y{sub 0.4}FeAsO{sub 0.8}F{sub 0.2} superconductor in the temperature range 4 K to 300 K up to 8 GPa. In-situ high pressure-low temperature x-ray diffraction was performed at 8 K up to 32 GPa using synchrotron x-rays with helium pressure medium. The results show that the applied pressure slightly increases the T{sub c} up to 1 GPa and then it decreases on further pressure increase. The reduction of superconducting transition temperature occurs with a transition to a collapsed tetragonal phase and may be associated with a possible valence change of Ce.

  16. rac-Diethyl 9-hy­droxy-9-methyl-7-phenyl-1,4-diaza­spiro­[4.5]decane-6,8-dicarboxyl­ate

    PubMed Central

    Maharramov, Abel M.; Ismiyev, Arif I.; Rashidov, Bahruz A.; Rahimova, Gunel M.; Allahverdiyev, Mirza A.

    2011-01-01

    The title mol­ecule, C21H30N2O5, is chiral with four stereogenic centres. The crystal is a racemate and consists of enanti­omeric pairs with the relative configuration rac-(6S*,7R*,8R*,9S*). The ethyl fragment of the eth­oxy­carbonyl group at position 6 is disordered in a 0.46 (3):0.54 (3) ratio. The crystal structure features inter­molecular N—H⋯O. Intra­molecular O—H⋯N and N—H⋯O hydrogen bonds also occur. PMID:21522983

  17. 2-Amino-4-(4-meth-oxy-phen-yl)-7,7-di-methyl-5-oxo-5,6,7,8-tetra-hydro-4H-chromene-3-carbonitrile propan-2-one monosolvate.

    PubMed

    Mohamed, Shaaban K; Akkurt, Mehmet; Tahir, Muhammad N; Abdelhamid, Antar A; Allahverdiyev, M A

    2012-07-01

    In the crystal structure of the title compound, C(19)H(20)N(2)O(3)·C(3)H(6)O, mol-ecules are linked into inversion dimers with an R(2) (2)(12) motif by pairs of N-H⋯N hydrogen bonds. These dimers are further connected into chains running along the a axis by N-H⋯O hydrogen bonds. C-H⋯N and C-H⋯π inter-actions also feature in the packing. The cyclohexene ring adopts nearly an envelope conformation [puckering parameters are Q(T) = 0.456 (2) Å, θ = 54.6 (3)° and ϕ = 225.2 (3)°]. PMID:22798868

  18. Corner sharing tetrahedral network in Co(3)(HAT)[N(CN)(2)](6)(OH(2))(2) (HAT = 1,4,5,8,9,12-hexaazatriphenylene).

    PubMed

    Marshall, Shireen R; Rheingold, Arnold L; Dawe, Louise N; Shum, William W; Kitamura, Chitoshi; Miller, Joel S

    2002-07-15

    We report a trinuclear Co(II) complex containing bridging dicyanamides and a tris-chelated HAT, which possesses approximately 37% void space. The magnetic exchange pathways appear in the structure as a corner sharing tetrahedral network. The compound crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P2(1)/c [a = 13.655(3) A, b = 15.189(3) A, c = 22.367(4) A, beta = 114.100(2) degrees, V = 4234.5(14) A(3), Z = 4, R(F(o)) = 0.0823]. The magnetic data were fit to an S = 3/2 model for systems dominated by zero-field splitting effects with g = 2.01 and D = 38.9 cm(-1). PMID:12099860

  19. [(Pb6I8){Mn(CO)5}6](2-): an octahedral (M6X8)-like cluster with inverted bonding.

    PubMed

    Wolf, Silke; Reiter, Kevin; Weigend, Florian; Klopper, Wim; Feldmann, Claus

    2015-04-20

    [BMIm]2[{PbMn(CO)5)}6I8] (BMIm: 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium) is obtained by ionic liquid mediated reaction of PbI2 and Mn2(CO)10. Central is a cubelike (Pb6I8) unit containing a nonfilled Pb6 octahedron. Each Pb of this (Pb6I8) unit is terminated on its outside by Mn(CO)5, exhibiting Pb-Mn metal-to-metal bonding (280 pm). Structurally, the (Pb6I8) unit is similar to the well-known octahedral (M6Xn) cluster-type family (M = Zr, Nb, Ta, Mo, W; X = Cl, Br, I). In contrast to most similar cluster compounds, such as W6Br12 ([W6Br8]Br2/1Br4/2, according to Niggli notation) or the carbonyl cluster [Sn6{Cr(CO5)6}](2-), however, the nonfilled central Pb6 octahedron in [{PbMn(CO)5)}6I8](2-) does not exhibit any metal-to-metal bonding. Structure and bonding of the title compound are validated by single-crystal structure analysis, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Based on the isolobal principle, electronegativity considerations, bond lengths, and DFT calculations including Mulliken population analysis and natural population analysis (NPA), in sum, the charge distribution of Pb is best reflected by an oxidation state of +1. PMID:25830920

  20. The structure of the mineral leogangite Cu 10(OH) 6(SO 4)(AsO 4) 4·8H 2O—Implications for arsenic accumulation and removal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Frost, Ray L.; Xi, Yunfei; Palmer, Sara J.

    2011-11-01

    The objective of this research is to determine the molecular structure of the mineral leogangite. The formation of the types of arsenosulphate minerals offers a mechanism for arsenate removal from soils and mine dumps. Raman and infrared spectroscopy have been used to characterise the mineral. Observed bands are assigned to the stretching and bending vibrations of (SO 4) 2- and (AsO 4) 3- units, stretching and bending vibrations of hydrogen bonded (OH) - ions and Cu 2+-(O,OH) units. The approximate range of O-H⋯O hydrogen bond lengths is inferred from the Raman spectra. Raman spectra of leogangite from different origins differ in that some spectra are more complex, where bands are sharp and the degenerate bands of (SO 4) 2- and (AsO 4) 3- are split and more intense. Lower wavenumbers of δ H 2O bending vibration in the spectrum may indicate the presence of weaker hydrogen bonds compared with those in different leogangite samples. The formation of leogangite offers a mechanism for the removal of arsenic from the environment.

  1. 8 CFR 287.4 - Subpoena.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... immigration officer who has been expressly delegated such authority as provided by 8 CFR 2.1 may issue a... evidence, or both, for use in any proceeding under this chapter I, other than under 8 CFR part 335, or any... than those arising under part 335 of this chapter, are set forth at 8 CFR 1003.35(b) and 1287.4....

  2. 8 CFR 244.6 - Application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... that announces the procedures for TPS registration or re-registration, and 8 CFR 103.2, except as... CFR 103.7(b)(1), 103.16, and 103.17. (b) An applicant for TPS may also request employment authorization pursuant to 8 CFR 274a. Those applicants between the ages of 14 and 65 who are not...

  3. 8 CFR 244.6 - Application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... that announces the procedures for TPS registration or re-registration, and 8 CFR 103.2, except as... CFR 103.7(b)(1), 103.16, and 103.17. (b) An applicant for TPS may also request employment authorization pursuant to 8 CFR 274a. Those applicants between the ages of 14 and 65 who are not...

  4. 8 CFR 244.6 - Application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... that announces the procedures for TPS registration or re-registration, and 8 CFR 103.2, except as... CFR 103.7(b)(1), 103.16, and 103.17. (b) An applicant for TPS may also request employment authorization pursuant to 8 CFR 274a. Those applicants between the ages of 14 and 65 who are not...

  5. 15 CFR 8.4 - Discrimination prohibited.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Discrimination prohibited. 8.4 Section... General Provisions; Prohibitions: Nondiscrimination Clause; Applicability to Programs § 8.4 Discrimination... discrimination under, any program to which this part applies. (b) Specific discriminatory acts prohibited. (1)...

  6. 15 CFR 8.4 - Discrimination prohibited.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Discrimination prohibited. 8.4 Section... General Provisions; Prohibitions: Nondiscrimination Clause; Applicability to Programs § 8.4 Discrimination... discrimination under, any program to which this part applies. (b) Specific discriminatory acts prohibited. (1)...

  7. 15 CFR 8.4 - Discrimination prohibited.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Discrimination prohibited. 8.4 Section... General Provisions; Prohibitions: Nondiscrimination Clause; Applicability to Programs § 8.4 Discrimination... discrimination under, any program to which this part applies. (b) Specific discriminatory acts prohibited. (1)...

  8. 15 CFR 8.4 - Discrimination prohibited.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Discrimination prohibited. 8.4 Section... General Provisions; Prohibitions: Nondiscrimination Clause; Applicability to Programs § 8.4 Discrimination... discrimination under, any program to which this part applies. (b) Specific discriminatory acts prohibited. (1)...

  9. 8 CFR 1101.4 - Registration procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... officer under § 1101.3 is described in § 264.2 of 8 CFR chapter 1. (Secs. 101(a)(20), 103, 262, 264 of the... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Registration procedure. 1101.4 Section 1101... REGULATIONS PRESUMPTION OF LAWFUL ADMISSION § 1101.4 Registration procedure. The procedure for an...

  10. 24 CFR 8.4 - Discrimination prohibited.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Discrimination prohibited. 8.4... DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT General Provisions § 8.4 Discrimination prohibited. (a) No... in, be denied the benefits of, or otherwise be subjected to discrimination under any program...

  11. 24 CFR 8.4 - Discrimination prohibited.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Discrimination prohibited. 8.4... DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT General Provisions § 8.4 Discrimination prohibited. (a) No... in, be denied the benefits of, or otherwise be subjected to discrimination under any program...

  12. 24 CFR 8.4 - Discrimination prohibited.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Discrimination prohibited. 8.4... DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT General Provisions § 8.4 Discrimination prohibited. (a) No... in, be denied the benefits of, or otherwise be subjected to discrimination under any program...

  13. 24 CFR 8.4 - Discrimination prohibited.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Discrimination prohibited. 8.4... DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT General Provisions § 8.4 Discrimination prohibited. (a) No... in, be denied the benefits of, or otherwise be subjected to discrimination under any program...

  14. 24 CFR 8.4 - Discrimination prohibited.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Discrimination prohibited. 8.4... DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT General Provisions § 8.4 Discrimination prohibited. (a) No... in, be denied the benefits of, or otherwise be subjected to discrimination under any program...

  15. 27 CFR 8.4 - Jurisdictional limits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Jurisdictional limits. 8.4 Section 8.4 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF...) The direct effect of the requirement is to prevent, deter, hinder, or restrict other persons...

  16. 5-(4-Chloro­phen­yl)-1-methyl-3-phenyl-3,6,8,9-tetra­hydro­pyrazolo­[3,4-b]thio­pyrano[4,3-d]pyridine

    PubMed Central

    Jia, Runhong; Peng, Juhua

    2011-01-01

    The title compound, C22H18ClN3S, was synthesized by the reaction of 4-chloro­benzaldehyde, tetra­hydro­thio­pyran-4-one and 3-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-5-amine in acetic acid without a catalyst. The pyridine and pyrazole rings are almost coplanar, the dihedral angle between their mean planes being 2.50 (1)°. The thio­pyran ring exhibits an envelope conformation. The crystal packing is stabilized by inter­molecular C—H⋯Cl hydrogen bonds and by C—H⋯π and π–π inter­actions [centroid–centroid distances of 3.825 (2) Å between pyridine rings and 3.557 (2) Å between pyrazole and pyridine rings. PMID:22059005

  17. High-performance symmetric sodium-ion batteries using a new, bipolar O3-type material, Na 0.8 Ni 0.4 Ti 0.6 O 2

    SciTech Connect

    Guo, Shaohua; Yu, Haijun; Liu, Pan; Ren, Yang; Zhang, Tao; Chen, Mingwei; Ishida, Masayoshi; Zhou, Haoshen

    2015-01-01

    Based on low-cost and rich resources, sodium-ion batteries have been regarded as a promising candidate for next-generation energy storage batteries in the large-scale energy applications of renewable energy and smart grids. However, there are some critical drawbacks limiting its application, such as safety and stability problems. In this work, a stable symmetric sodium-ion battery based on the bipolar, active O3-type material, Na0.8Ni0.4Ti0.6O2, is developed. This bipolar material shows a typical O3-type layered structure, containing two electrochemically active transition metals with redox couples of Ni4+/Ni2+ and Ti4+/Ti3+, respectively. This Na0.8Ni0.4Ti0.6O2-based symmetric cell exhibits a high average voltage of 2.8 V, a reversible discharge capacity of 85 mA h g(-1), 75% capacity retention after 150 cycles and good rate capability. This full symmetric cell will greatly contribute to the development of room-temperature sodium-ion batteries with a view towards safety, low cost and long life, and it will stimulate further research on symmetric cells using the same active materials as both cathode and anode.

  18. 7-Methyl-5,6,7,8-tetra-hydro-1-benzo-thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-amine.

    PubMed

    Ziaulla, Mohamed; Banu, Afshan; Begum, Noor Shahina; Panchamukhi, Shridhar I; Khazi, I M

    2011-07-01

    In the title compound, C(11)H(13)N(3)S, two of the C atoms of the cyclo-hexene ring and the methyl group attached to it are disordered over two sets of sites in a 0.544 (2):0.456 (2) ratio. The benzothiene and pyrimidine rings are almost coplanar with an angular tilt of 2.371 (9)° between them. The thio-phene ring is essentially planar (r.m.s. deviation 0.05 Å), while the cyclo-hexene ring in both the major- and minor-occupancy conformers adopts a half-chair conformation. In the crystal structure, pairs of intermolecular N-H⋯N hydrogen bonds involving the amino groups result in centrosymmetric head-to-head dimers about inversion centres, corresponding to an R(2) (2)(8) graph-set motif. Further, N-H⋯N hydrogen bonding generates a two-dimensional hydrogen-bonded network perpendicular to the ac plane and running along the diagonal of the ac plane. PMID:21837042

  19. Tumor-associated macrophage-derived IL-6 and IL-8 enhance invasive activity of LoVo cells induced by PRL-3 in a KCNN4 channel-dependent manner

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are known to promote cancer progression and metastasis through the release of a variety of cytokines. Phosphatase of regenerating liver (PRL-3) has been considered as a marker of colorectal cancer (CRC) liver metastasis. Our previous research suggests that PRL-3 can enhance the metastasis of CRC through the up-regulation of intermediate-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (KCNN4) channel, which is dependent on the autocrine secretion of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). However, whether TAMs participate in the progression and metastasis of CRC induced by PRL-3 remains unknown. Methods We used flow cytometry, coculture, western blotting, invasion assays, real-time quantitative PCR, chromatin immunoprecipitation, luciferase reporter assays, and immunofluorescence staining to determine the effect of TAMs on the ability of PRL-3 to promote invasiveness of CRC cells. Results In this study, we found that TAMs facilitated the metastasis of CRC induced by PRL-3. When TAMs were cocultured with CRC cells, the expression of KCNN4 was increased in TAMs and the invasion of CRC cells was enhanced. Furthermore, cytokines that were secreted by TAMs, such as IL-6 and IL-8, were also significantly increased. This response was attenuated by treating TAMs with the KCNN4 channel-specific inhibitor, 1-[(2-chlorophenyl) diphenylmethyl]-1H-pyrazole (TRAM-34), which suggested that KCNN4 channels may be involved in inducing the secretion of IL-6 and IL-8 by TAMs and improving CRC cell invasiveness. Moreover, the expression of KCNN4 channels in TAMs was regulated through the NF-κB signal pathway, which is activated by TNF-α from CRC cells. Immunofluorescence analysis of colorectal specimens indicated that IL-6 and IL-8 double positive cells in the stroma showed positive staining for the TAM marker CD68, suggesting that TAMs produce IL-6 and IL-8. Increased numbers of these cells correlated with higher clinical stage. Conclusions Our findings

  20. SAPHIRE 8 Volume 6 - Quality Assurance

    SciTech Connect

    C. L. Smith; R. Nims; K. J. Kvarfordt

    2011-03-01

    The Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluations (SAPHIRE) Version 8 is a software application developed for performing a complete probabilistic risk assessment using a personal computer running the Microsoft Windows™ operating system. SAPHIRE 8 is funded by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). The role of the INL in this project is that of software developer and tester. This development takes place using formal software development procedures and is subject to quality assurance (QA) processes. The purpose of this document is to describe how the SAPHIRE software QA is performed for Version 8, what constitutes its parts, and limitations of those processes. In addition, this document describes the Independent Verification and Validation that was conducted for Version 8 as part of an overall QA process.

  1. In vitro studies on the influence of L-ascorbic acid 2-[3,4-dihydro- 2,5,7,8-tetramethyl-2-(4,8,12-trimethyltridecyl)-2H-1-benzopyran-6yl-hy drogen phosphate] potassium salt on lipid peroxidation and phospholipase A2 activity.

    PubMed

    Kuribayashi, Y; Yoshida, K; Sakaue, T; Okumura, A

    1992-09-01

    The effects of L-ascorbic acid 2-[3,4-dihydro-2,5,7,8-tetramethyl-2- (4,8,12-trimethyltridecyl)-2H-1-benzopyran-6yl-hydrogen phosphate] potassium salt (EPC-K1, CAS 127061-56-7), a new compound for ischemia-reperfusion injuries, on lipid peroxidation and phospholipase A2 activity were studied in vitro using rat brain homogenates and human plasma. EPC-K1 inhibited phospholipase A2 activity in human plasma in a concentration-dependent manner (IC50 = 7.3 x 10(-4) mol/l), whereas a mixture of alpha-tocopherol and ascorbic acid did not exhibit this effect. In rat brain homogenates, EPC-K1 also inhibited lipid peroxidation in a concentration-dependent manner (IC50 = 2.3 x 10(-6) mol/l). alpha-Tocopherol was less active than EPC-K1. These properties of EPC-K1 suggest that EPC-K1 may prove useful in the treatment of ischemia-reperfusion injuries. PMID:1445471

  2. 4 CFR 22.8 - General Discovery Procedures [Rule 8].

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... OFFICE CONTRACT APPEALS BOARD § 22.8 General Discovery Procedures . (a) General policy and methods of... things, or entry onto land. (b) Scope of discovery. Except as otherwise limited by order of the Board... accordance with § 22.4(a) of this part , the parties shall confer and file with the Board a...

  3. 8 CFR 100.4 - Field offices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Field offices. 100.4 Section 100.4 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS STATEMENT OF ORGANIZATION § 100.4 Field offices. (a) Ports-of-Entry for aliens arriving by vessel or by land transportation. Subject to the limitations prescribed in...

  4. 8 CFR 100.4 - Field offices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Field offices. 100.4 Section 100.4 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS STATEMENT OF ORGANIZATION § 100.4 Field offices. (a) Ports-of-Entry for aliens arriving by vessel or by land transportation. Subject to the limitations prescribed in...

  5. 8 CFR 100.4 - Field offices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Field offices. 100.4 Section 100.4 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS STATEMENT OF ORGANIZATION § 100.4 Field offices. (a) Ports-of-Entry for aliens arriving by vessel or by land transportation. Subject to the limitations prescribed in...

  6. 8 CFR 1244.4 - Ineligible aliens.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Ineligible aliens. 1244.4 Section 1244.4 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS TEMPORARY PROTECTED STATUS FOR NATIONALS OF DESIGNATED STATES § 1244.4 Ineligible aliens. An...

  7. 8 CFR 1244.4 - Ineligible aliens.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Ineligible aliens. 1244.4 Section 1244.4 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS TEMPORARY PROTECTED STATUS FOR NATIONALS OF DESIGNATED STATES § 1244.4 Ineligible aliens. An...

  8. 8 CFR 244.4 - Ineligible aliens.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Ineligible aliens. 244.4 Section 244.4 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS TEMPORARY PROTECTED STATUS FOR NATIONALS OF DESIGNATED STATES § 244.4 Ineligible aliens. An alien is ineligible for...

  9. 8 CFR 1244.4 - Ineligible aliens.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Ineligible aliens. 1244.4 Section 1244.4 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS TEMPORARY PROTECTED STATUS FOR NATIONALS OF DESIGNATED STATES § 1244.4 Ineligible aliens. An...

  10. 8 CFR 244.4 - Ineligible aliens.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Ineligible aliens. 244.4 Section 244.4 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS TEMPORARY PROTECTED STATUS FOR NATIONALS OF DESIGNATED STATES § 244.4 Ineligible aliens. An alien is ineligible for...

  11. 8 CFR 244.4 - Ineligible aliens.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Ineligible aliens. 244.4 Section 244.4 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS TEMPORARY PROTECTED STATUS FOR NATIONALS OF DESIGNATED STATES § 244.4 Ineligible aliens. An alien is ineligible for...

  12. 8 CFR 1244.4 - Ineligible aliens.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Ineligible aliens. 1244.4 Section 1244.4 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS TEMPORARY PROTECTED STATUS FOR NATIONALS OF DESIGNATED STATES § 1244.4 Ineligible aliens. An...

  13. 8 CFR 244.4 - Ineligible aliens.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Ineligible aliens. 244.4 Section 244.4 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS TEMPORARY PROTECTED STATUS FOR NATIONALS OF DESIGNATED STATES § 244.4 Ineligible aliens. An alien is ineligible for...

  14. 8 CFR 328.4 - Application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Application. 328.4 Section 328.4 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY NATIONALITY REGULATIONS SPECIAL CLASSES OF PERSONS WHO MAY BE NATURALIZED: PERSONS WITH THREE YEARS SERVICE IN ARMED FORCES OF THE UNITED STATES § 328.4 Application....

  15. 8 CFR 101.4 - Registration procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Registration procedure. 101.4 Section 101.4 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS PRESUMPTION OF LAWFUL ADMISSION § 101.4 Registration procedure. The procedure for an application for creation of a record...

  16. 8 CFR 101.4 - Registration procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Registration procedure. 101.4 Section 101.4 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS PRESUMPTION OF LAWFUL ADMISSION § 101.4 Registration procedure. The procedure for an application for creation of a record...

  17. 8 CFR 1244.4 - Ineligible aliens.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Ineligible aliens. 1244.4 Section 1244.4 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS TEMPORARY PROTECTED STATUS FOR NATIONALS OF DESIGNATED STATES § 1244.4 Ineligible aliens. An...

  18. 8 CFR 244.4 - Ineligible aliens.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Ineligible aliens. 244.4 Section 244.4 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS TEMPORARY PROTECTED STATUS FOR NATIONALS OF DESIGNATED STATES § 244.4 Ineligible aliens. An alien is ineligible for...

  19. 8 CFR 325.4 - Application; documents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Application; documents. 325.4 Section 325.4 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY NATIONALITY REGULATIONS NATIONALS BUT NOT CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES; RESIDENCE WITHIN OUTLYING POSSESSIONS § 325.4 Application; documents. (a)...

  20. 8 CFR 325.4 - Application; documents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Application; documents. 325.4 Section 325.4 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY NATIONALITY REGULATIONS NATIONALS BUT NOT CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES; RESIDENCE WITHIN OUTLYING POSSESSIONS § 325.4 Application; documents. (a)...

  1. Ultrasound Mediated One-Pot, Three Component Synthesis, Docking and ADME Prediction of Novel 5-Amino-2-(4-chlorophenyl)-7-Substituted Phenyl-8,8a-dihydro-7H-(1,3,4)thiadiazolo(3,2-α)pyrimidine-6-carbonitrile Derivatives as Anticancer Agents.

    PubMed

    Tiwari, Shailee V; Seijas, Julio A; Vazquez-Tato, M Pilar; Sarkate, Aniket P; Lokwani, Deepak K; Nikalje, Anna Pratima G

    2016-01-01

    Herein, we report an environmentally friendly, rapid, and convenient one-pot ultrasound-promoted synthesis of 5-amino-2-(4-chlorophenyl)-7-substituted phenyl-8,8a-dihydro-7H-(1,3,4)thiadiazolo(3,2-α)pyrimidine-6-carbonitrile derivatives. The in-vitro anticancer activities of these compounds were evaluated against four human tumor cell lines. Among all the synthesized derivatives, compound 4i, which has substituent 3-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl is found to have the highest GI50 value of 32.7 μM, 55.3 μM, 34.3 μM, 28.9 μM for MCF-7, K562, HeLa and PC-3 cancer cell lines respectively. A docking study of the newly synthesized compounds were performed, and the results showed good binding mode in the active site of thymidylate synthase enzyme. ADME properties of synthesized compounds were also studied and showed good drug like properties. PMID:27483213

  2. Tunable photoluminescence properties of Ca{sub 8}NaLa(PO{sub 4}){sub 6}F{sub 2}:Eu{sup 2+},Mn{sup 2+} phosphor under UV excitation

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Fen; Lan, Tong; Tang, Wanjun

    2015-04-15

    Highlights: • Ca{sub 8}NaLa(PO{sub 4}){sub 6}F{sub 2}:Eu{sup 2+},Mn{sup 2+} was prepared by a combustion-assisted synthesis method. • The phosphor presents blue and yellow double color emissions. • Efficient energy transfer from Eu{sup 2+} to Mn{sup 2+} in this phosphor is observed obviously. • White emitting was realized in Ca{sub 8}NaGd(PO{sub 4}){sub 6}F{sub 2}:0.10Eu{sup 2+},0.32Mn{sup 2+},0.10B phosphor. - Abstract: A series of Eu{sup 2+} and Mn{sup 2+} coactivated Ca{sub 8}NaLa(PO{sub 4}){sub 6}F{sub 2} (CNLF) phosphors have been synthesized by a combustion-assisted synthesis method. The investigation revealed that Ca{sub 8}NaLa(PO{sub 4}){sub 6}F{sub 2} crystallized in a hexagonal crystal system with the space group P6{sub 3}/m (176). The Eu{sup 2+} activated phosphors can be efficiently excited in the range of 270–400 nm and give intense blue emission peaking at 451 nm. By codoping the Eu{sup 2+} and Mn{sup 2+} ions into the CNLF host and singly varying the doping content of the Mn{sup 2+} ion, tunable colors from blue to white and eventually to yellow are obtained in CNLF:Eu{sup 2+},Mn{sup 2+} phosphors under the irradiation of 330 nm. The energy transfer from Eu{sup 2+} to Mn{sup 2+} in CNLF:Eu{sup 2+},Mn{sup 2+} has been demonstrated to be a resonant type via a dipole–dipole mechanism and the critical distance of energy transfer from Eu{sup 2+} to Mn{sup 2+} was estimated to be about 11.9 Å. The investigation indicates that the obtained samples might have potential application in white LEDs.

  3. 6. Photocopy of drawing. (This drawing is an 8' x ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Photocopy of drawing. (This drawing is an 8' x 10' enlargement from a 4' x 5' negative; 1942 drawing titled 'Mobilization Buildings, Hospital Mess, Types HM-336-A, B, C, D, E, F, & G, Electrical,' Plan 800-3136, located at Directorate of Engineering and Housing, Fort McPherson.) - Fort McPherson, World War II Station Hospital, Mess Hall, Anderson Way & Howe Street, Atlanta, Fulton County, GA

  4. 8 CFR 1101.4 - Registration procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... officer under § 1101.3 is described in § 264.2 of 8 CFR chapter 1. (Secs. 101(a)(20), 103, 262, 264 of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as amended; 8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(20), 1103, 1302, 1304) ....4 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE...

  5. A critical review of both the synthesis approach and the receptor profile of the 8-chloro-1-(2',4'-dichlorophenyl)-N-piperidin-1-yl-1,4,5,6-tetrahydrobenzo[6,7]cyclohepta[1,2-c]pyrazole-3-carboxamide and analogue derivatives.

    PubMed

    Lazzari, Paolo; Distinto, Rita; Manca, Ilaria; Baillie, Gemma; Murineddu, Gabriele; Pira, Marilena; Falzoi, Matteo; Sani, Monica; Morales, Paula; Ross, Ruth; Zanda, Matteo; Jagerovic, Nadine; Pinna, Gérard Aimè

    2016-10-01

    8-Chloro-1-(2',4'-dichlorophenyl)-N-piperidin-1-yl-1,4,5,6-tetrahydrobenzo[6,7]cyclohepta[1,2-c]pyrazole-3-carboxamide 9a was discovered as potent and selective CB1 antagonist by part of our group few years ago. In particular it was reported to have an affinity towards the CB1 cannabinoid receptor (CB1R), expressed as Ki, of 0.00035 nM. Nevertheless significantly divergent data were reported for the same compound from other laboratories. To unequivocally define the receptor profile of 9a, we have critically reviewed both its synthesis approach and binding data. Here we report that, in contrast to our previously reported data, 9a showed a Ki value for CB1R in the order of nanomolar rather than of fentomolar range. The new determined receptor profile of 9a was also ascertained for analogue derivatives 9b-i, as well as for 12. Moreover, the structural features of the synthesized compounds necessary for CB1R were investigated. Amongst the novel series, effects on CB1R intrinsic activity was highlighted due to the substituents at the position 3 of the pyrazole ring of the 1,4,5,6-tetrahydrobenzo[6,7]cyclohepta[1,2-c]pyrazole scaffold. Although the cannabinoid receptor profile of 9a was reviewed in this work, the relevance of this compound in CB1R antagonist based drug discovery is confirmed. PMID:27240274

  6. Crystal structure of (+)-N-[(1R,5S,6S,9S)-5-hydroxy-methyl-3,3,9-trimethyl-8-oxo-2,4,7-trioxabi-cyclo-[4.3.0]nonan-9-yl]acetamide.

    PubMed

    Oishi, Takeshi; Tsuzaki, Shun; Sugai, Tomoya; Sato, Takaaki; Chida, Noritaka

    2016-05-01

    In the title compound, C12H19NO6, the six-membered 1,3-dioxane ring adopts a chair-like conformation. The seat of this chair, containing two O atoms, is essentially planar, with a maximum deviation of 0.0021 (12) Å. The five-membered oxolane ring cis-fused to the 1,3-dioxane ring adopts an envelope form. The bridgehead C atom at the flap, which is bonded to the tetra-substituted C atom of the oxolane ring, deviates from the mean plane of other ring atoms by 0.539 (4) Å. In the crystal, classical O-H⋯O and N-H⋯O hydrogen bonds link the mol-ecules into a sheet structure enclosing an R 4 (4)(24) graph-set motif. Weak inter-molecular C-H⋯O inter-actions support the sheet formation. PMID:27308035

  7. Computational studies on the crystal structure, thermodynamic properties, detonation performance, and pyrolysis mechanism of 2,4,6,8-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetraazacubane as a novel high energy density material.

    PubMed

    Wang, Fang; Du, Hongchen; Zhang, Jianying; Gong, Xuedong

    2011-10-27

    Studies have suggested that octanitrocubane (ONC) is one of the most powerful non-nuclear high energy density material (HEDM) currently known. 2,4,6,8-Tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetraazacubane (TNTAC) studied in this work may also be a novel HEDM due to its high nitrogen content and crystal density. Density functional theory and molecular mechanics methods have been employed to study the crystal structure, IR spectrum, electronic structure, thermodynamic properties, gas-phase and condensed-phase heat of formation, detonation performance, and pyrolysis mechanism of TNTAC. The TNTAC has a predicted density of about 2.12 g/cm(3), and its detonation velocity (10.42 km/s) and detonation pressure (52.82 GPa) are higher than that of ONC. The crystalline packing is P2(1)2(1)2(1), and the corresponding cell parameters are Z = 4, a = 8.87 Å, b = 8.87 Å, and c = 11.47 Å. Both the density of states of the predicted crystal and the bond dissociation energy of the molecule in gas phase show that the cage C-N bond is the trigger bond during thermolysis. The activation energy of the pyrolysis initiation reaction obtained from the B3LYP/6-311++G(2df,2p) level is 125.98 kJ/mol, which indicates that TNTAC meets the thermal stability request as an exploitable HEDM. PMID:21919441

  8. (4R*,4aR*,7aS*)-5-Oxo-6-phenyl-4a,5,6,7,7a,8-hexa-hydro-4H-furo[2,3-f]isoindole-4-carb-oxy-lic acid.

    PubMed

    Horak, Yuriy I; Lytvyn, Roman Z; Zubkov, Fedor I; Nikitina, Eugeniya V; Homza, Yuriy V; Lis, Tadeusz; Kinzhybalo, Vasyl; Obushak, Mykola D

    2013-02-01

    The asymmetric unit of the title compound, C(17)H(15)NO(4), contains two independent mol-ecules with similar geometric parameters. In both mol-ecules, the conformation of the cyclo-hexene ring is half-chair, while the pyrrolidinone ring adopts an envelope conformation with the γ-carbon atom of the α-pyrrolidinone ring as the flap. In the crystal, O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds between the carb-oxylic and carbonyl groups link alternate independent mol-ecules into chains propagating in the b-axis direction. The crystal packing also features weak C-H⋯π inter-actions. PMID:23424547

  9. Crystal structure of 4,4′-[(1,3,5,7-tetra­oxo-1,3,3a,4,4a,5,7,7a,8,8a-deca­hydro-4,8-etheno­pyrrolo­[3,4-f]iso­indole-2,6-di­yl)bis­(methyl­ene)]bis­(pyridin-1-ium) dinitrate

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Zhimin

    2015-01-01

    In the title salt, C24H22N4O4 2+·2NO3 −, the cation is U-shaped with the two iso­indole dione rings inclined to one another by 60.41 (13)°, while the two outer pyridine rings are inclined to one another by 2.77 (12)°. The dihedral angles between the pyridine ring and the adjacent iso­indole dione ring are 71.82 (12) and 86.44 (13)°. In the crystal, each nitrate anion is linked to a protonated pyridine ring by N—H⋯O hydrogen bonds. These units are linked by a series of C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds, forming a three-dimensional structure. PMID:26870565

  10. GTE_TRACEP_DC8 Parameters 6

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2013-02-18

    ... (C2HCl3) Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) Methylene bromide (CH2Br2) Chlorobromomethane (CH2BrCl) Dichloromethane (CH2Cl2) Methylbromide (CH3Br) Chloroform (CH3CCl3) Methyl Chloride (CH3Cl) Methyl Iodide (CH3I) Chlorodibromomethane ...

  11. In 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-treated primates, the selective 5-hydroxytryptamine 1a agonist (R)-(+)-8-OHDPAT inhibits levodopa-induced dyskinesia but only with\\ increased motor disability.

    PubMed

    Iravani, Mahmoud M; Tayarani-Binazir, Kayhan; Chu, Wing B; Jackson, Michael J; Jenner, Peter

    2006-12-01

    5-Hydroxytryptamine 1a (5-HT(1a)) receptor agonists, such as sarizotan and tandospirone, are reported to reduce levodopa-induced dyskinesia in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-treated macaques and in Parkinson's disease without worsening motor disability. However, these compounds are not specific for 5-HT(1a) receptors and also possess dopamine antagonist actions. We now report on the effects of (2R)-(+)-8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin [(R)-(+)-8-OHDPAT], a selective 5-HT(1a) agonist lacking dopaminergic activity, on motor disability and dyskinesia (chorea and dystonia) in levodopa-primed MPTP-treated common marmosets. Administration of (R)-(+)-8-OHDPAT (0.2, 0.6, and 2.0 mg/kg s.c), in conjunction with levodopa/carbidopa (12.5 mg/kg each p.o.) to levodopa-primed animals, dose-dependently reduced levodopa-induced chorea but did not affect dystonic movements. However, (R)-(+)-8-OHDPAT treatment also reduced locomotor activity and the reversal of motor disability. Administration of (R)-(+)-8-OHDPAT alone had no effects of motor behaviors. The effects of (R)-(+)-8-OHDPAT on levodopa-induced motor behaviors were antagonized by the 5-HT(1a) receptor antagonist N-[2-[4-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl]ethyl]-N-2-pyridinylcyclohexanecarboxamide maleate (WAY-100635) (1.0 mg/kg s.c.). Administration of (R)-(+)-8-OHDPAT (0.6 mg/kg s.c.) also reduced chorea produced by the administration of the D(2)/D(3) dopamine receptor agonist pramipexole (0.06 mg/kg p.o.) to levodopa-primed MPTP-treated animals. However, again the increase in locomotor activity and reversal of motor disability produced by pramipexole were also inhibited. These data suggest that selective 5-HT(1a) agonists do not provide an effective means of suppressing levodopa-induced dyskinesia, except with worsening of parkinsonism. PMID:16959959

  12. Crystal chemistry of anhydrous Li uranyl phosphates and arsenates. II. Tubular fragments and cation-cation interactions in the 3D framework structures of Li 6[(UO 2) 12(PO 4) 8(P 4O 13)], Li 5[(UO 2) 13(AsO 4) 9(As 2O 7)], Li[(UO 2) 4(AsO 4) 3] and Li 3[(UO 2) 7(AsO 4) 5O)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alekseev, Evgeny V.; Krivovichev, Sergey V.; Depmeier, Wulf

    2009-11-01

    Single crystals of the new compounds Li 6[(UO 2) 12(PO 4) 8(P 4O 13)] ( 1), Li 5[(UO 2) 13(AsO 4) 9(As 2O 7)] ( 2), Li[(UO 2) 4(AsO 4) 3] ( 3) and Li 3[(UO 2) 7(AsO 4) 5O)] ( 4) have been prepared using high-temperature solid state reactions. The crystal structures have been solved by direct methods: 1—monoclinic, C2/ m, a=26.963(3) Å, b=7.063(1) Å, c=19.639(1) Å, β=126.890(4)°, V=2991.2(6) Å 3, Z=2, R1=0.0357 for 3248 unique reflections with | F0|≥4 σ F; 2—triclinic, P1¯, a=7.1410(8) Å, b=13.959(1) Å, c=31.925(1) Å, α=82.850(2)°, β=88.691(2)°, γ=79.774(3)°, V=3107.4(4) Å 3, Z=2, R1=0.0722 for 9161 unique reflections with | F0|≥4 σ F; 3—tetragonal, I4 1/ amd, a=7.160(3) Å, c=33.775(9) Å, V=1732(1) Å 3, Z=4, R1=0.0356 for 318 unique reflections with | F0|≥4 σ F; 4—tetragonal, P4¯, a=7.2160(5) Å, c=14.6540(7) Å, V=763.04(8) Å 3, Z=1, R1=0.0423 for 1600 unique reflections with | F0|≥4 σ F. Structures of all the phases under consideration are based on complex 3D frameworks consisting of different types of uranium polyhedra (UO 6 and UO 7) and different types of tetrahedral TO 4 anions ( T=P or As): PO 4 and P 4O 13 in 1, AsO 4 and As 2O 7 in 2, and single AsO 4 tetrahedra in 3 and 4. In the structures of 1 and 2, UO 7 pentagonal bipyramids share edges to form (UO 5) ∞ chains extended along the b axis in 1 and along the a axis in 2. The chains are linked via single TO 4 tetrahedra into tubular units with external diameters of 11 Å in 1 and 11.5 Å in 2, and internal diameters of 4.1 Å in 1 and 4.5 Å in 2. The channels accommodate Li + cations. The tubular units are linked into 3D frameworks by intertubular complexes. Structures of 3 and 4 are based on 3D frameworks composed on layers united by (UO 5) ∞ infinite chains. Cation-cation interactions are observed in 2, 3, and 4. In 2, the structure contains a trimeric unit with composition [OU(1)O]-U(13)-[OU(2)O]. In the structures of 3 and 4, T-shaped dimers are

  13. Gas-phase reactions of the bare Th2+ and U2+ ions with small alkanes, CH4, C2H6, and C3H8: experimental and theoretical study of elementary organoactinide chemistry.

    PubMed

    Di Santo, Emanuela; Santos, Marta; Michelini, Maria C; Marçalo, Joaquim; Russo, Nino; Gibson, John K

    2011-02-16

    The gas-phase reactions of two dipositive actinide ions, Th(2+) and U(2+), with CH(4), C(2)H(6), and C(3)H(8) were studied by both experiment and theory. Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry was employed to study the bimolecular ion-molecule reactions; the potential energy profiles (PEPs) for the reactions, both observed and nonobserved, were computed by density functional theory (DFT). The experiments revealed that Th(2+) reacts with all three alkanes, including CH(4) to produce ThCH(2)(2+), whereas U(2+) reacts with C(2)H(6) and C(3)H(8), with different product distributions than for Th(2+). The comparative reactivities of Th(2+) and U(2+) toward CH(4) are well explained by the computed PEPs. The PEPs for the reactions with C(2)H(6) effectively rationalize the observed reaction products, ThC(2)H(2)(2+) and UC(2)H(4)(2+). For C(3)H(8) several reaction products were experimentally observed; these and additional potential reaction pathways were computed. The DFT results for the reactions with C(3)H(8) are consistent with the observed reactions and the different products observed for Th(2+) and U(2+); however, several exothermic products which emerge from energetically favorable PEPs were not experimentally observed. The comparison between experiment and theory reveals that DFT can effectively exclude unfavorable reaction pathways, due to energetic barriers and/or endothermic products, and can predict energetic differences in similar reaction pathways for different ions. However, and not surprisingly, a simple evaluation of the PEP features is insufficient to reliably exclude energetically favorable pathways. The computed PEPs, which all proceed by insertion, were used to evaluate the relationship between the energetics of the bare Th(2+) and U(2+) ions and the energies for C-H and C-C activation. It was found that the computed energetics for insertion are entirely consistent with the empirical model which relates insertion efficiency to the

  14. Probing the microsolvation of a quaternary ion complex: gas phase vibrational spectroscopy of (NaSO4(-))2(H2O)(n=0-6, 8).

    PubMed

    Wende, Torsten; Heine, Nadja; Yacovitch, Tara I; Asmis, Knut R; Neumark, Daniel M; Jiang, Ling

    2016-01-01

    We report infrared multiple photon dissociation spectra of cryogenically-cooled (NaSO4(-))2(H2O)n dianions (n = 0-6, 8) in the spectral range of the sulfate stretching and bending modes (580-1750 cm(-1)). Characteristic absorption bands and structural trends are identified based on a comparison to harmonic spectra of minimum-energy structures. The bare quarternary complex (NaSO4(-))2 exhibits a C2h structure containing two fourfold-coordinated sodium cations in-between the two chelating sulfate dianions. Its stepwise solvation is driven by an interplay of SO4(2-)-H2O and Na(+)-H2O interactions. The first water binds in a tridentate intersulfate-bridging fashion. The second and third water molecules bind to the sulfate groups at either end of the complex, which is followed by the onset of water hydrogen-bond network formation. In contrast to the binary ion pair, NaSO4(-), no clear evidence for the disruption of the quaternary ion complex upon microhydration is found up to n = 8, underlining its remarkable stability and suggesting that the formation of quaternary ion complexes plays a central role in the initial stages of prenucleation in aqueous Na2SO4 solutions. PMID:26608709

  15. 48 CFR 8.405-6 - Limiting sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Limiting sources. 8.405-6 Section 8.405-6 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION ACQUISITION PLANNING REQUIRED SOURCES OF SUPPLIES AND SERVICES Federal Supply Schedules 8.405-6 Limiting sources. Orders placed or BPAs established under...

  16. 38 CFR 6.8 - Selection, revocation and election.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Selection, revocation and election. 6.8 Section 6.8 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT LIFE INSURANCE Optional Settlement § 6.8 Selection, revocation and election....

  17. 38 CFR 6.8 - Selection, revocation and election.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Selection, revocation and election. 6.8 Section 6.8 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT LIFE INSURANCE Optional Settlement § 6.8 Selection, revocation and election....

  18. 44 CFR 6.8 - Subpoena and other legal demands.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Subpoena and other legal demands. 6.8 Section 6.8 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 General § 6.8 Subpoena...

  19. 16 CFR 1207.6-1207.8 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false 1207.6-1207.8 Section 1207.6-1207.8 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR SWIMMING POOL SLIDES §§ 1207.6-1207.8...

  20. 40 CFR 8.6 - Preliminary environmental review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Preliminary environmental review. 8.6 Section 8.6 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF NONGOVERNMENTAL ACTIVITIES IN ANTARCTICA § 8.6 Preliminary environmental review. (a) Unless an operator has determined to prepare an...

  1. 40 CFR 8.6 - Preliminary environmental review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Preliminary environmental review. 8.6 Section 8.6 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF NONGOVERNMENTAL ACTIVITIES IN ANTARCTICA § 8.6 Preliminary environmental review. (a) Unless an operator has determined to prepare an...

  2. 40 CFR 8.6 - Preliminary environmental review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Preliminary environmental review. 8.6 Section 8.6 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF NONGOVERNMENTAL ACTIVITIES IN ANTARCTICA § 8.6 Preliminary environmental review. (a) Unless...

  3. 40 CFR 8.6 - Preliminary environmental review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Preliminary environmental review. 8.6 Section 8.6 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF NONGOVERNMENTAL ACTIVITIES IN ANTARCTICA § 8.6 Preliminary environmental review. (a) Unless...

  4. 40 CFR 8.6 - Preliminary environmental review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Preliminary environmental review. 8.6 Section 8.6 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF NONGOVERNMENTAL ACTIVITIES IN ANTARCTICA § 8.6 Preliminary environmental review. (a) Unless...

  5. 28 CFR 8.6 - Quick-release authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Quick-release authority. 8.6 Section 8.6 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FBI FORFEITURE AUTHORITY FOR CERTAIN STATUTES § 8.6 Quick-release authority. Where the forfeiture proceedings are administrative, the Special Agent in Charge,...

  6. 28 CFR 8.6 - Quick-release authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Quick-release authority. 8.6 Section 8.6 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FBI FORFEITURE AUTHORITY FOR CERTAIN STATUTES § 8.6 Quick-release authority. Where the forfeiture proceedings are administrative, the Special Agent in Charge,...

  7. 28 CFR 8.6 - Quick-release authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Quick-release authority. 8.6 Section 8.6 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FBI FORFEITURE AUTHORITY FOR CERTAIN STATUTES § 8.6 Quick-release authority. Where the forfeiture proceedings are administrative, the Special Agent in Charge,...

  8. 16 CFR 1207.6-1207.8 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false 1207.6-1207.8 Section 1207.6-1207.8 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR SWIMMING POOL SLIDES §§ 1207.6-1207.8...

  9. 29 CFR 6.8 - Transmission of record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Transmission of record. 6.8 Section 6.8 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEEDINGS ENFORCING LABOR STANDARDS IN FEDERAL AND FEDERALLY ASSISTED CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTS AND FEDERAL SERVICE CONTRACTS General § 6.8 Transmission of...

  10. 29 CFR 6.8 - Transmission of record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Transmission of record. 6.8 Section 6.8 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEEDINGS ENFORCING LABOR STANDARDS IN FEDERAL AND FEDERALLY ASSISTED CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTS AND FEDERAL SERVICE CONTRACTS General § 6.8 Transmission of...

  11. 29 CFR 6.8 - Transmission of record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Transmission of record. 6.8 Section 6.8 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEEDINGS ENFORCING LABOR STANDARDS IN FEDERAL AND FEDERALLY ASSISTED CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTS AND FEDERAL SERVICE CONTRACTS General § 6.8 Transmission of...

  12. 29 CFR 6.8 - Transmission of record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Transmission of record. 6.8 Section 6.8 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEEDINGS ENFORCING LABOR STANDARDS IN FEDERAL AND FEDERALLY ASSISTED CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTS AND FEDERAL SERVICE CONTRACTS General § 6.8 Transmission of...

  13. 29 CFR 6.8 - Transmission of record.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Transmission of record. 6.8 Section 6.8 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEEDINGS ENFORCING LABOR STANDARDS IN FEDERAL AND FEDERALLY ASSISTED CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTS AND FEDERAL SERVICE CONTRACTS General § 6.8 Transmission of...

  14. 41 CFR 51-8.6 - Aggregating requests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Aggregating requests. 51-8.6 Section 51-8.6 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to Public... AGENCY MATERIALS § 51-8.6 Aggregating requests. When the Committee reasonably believes that a...

  15. Crystal structure of (1S,3R,8R,9R)-2,2-di-chloro-3,7,7-tri-methyl-10-methylenetri-cyclo-[6.4.0.0(1,3)]dodecan-9-ol.

    PubMed

    Benzalim, Ahmed; Auhmani, Aziz; Bimoussa, Abdoullah; Ait Itto, My Youssef; Daran, Jean-Claude; Auhmani, Abdelwahed

    2016-08-01

    The title compound, C16H24Cl2O, was synthesized by treating (1S,3R,8S,9R,10S)-2,2-di-chloro-3,7,7,10-tetra-methyl-9,10-ep-oxy-tri-cyclo-[6.4.0.0(1,3)]dodecane with a concentrated solution of hydro-bromic acid. It is built up from three fused rings: a cyclo-heptane ring, a cyclo-hexyl ring bearing alkene and hy-droxy substituents, and a cyclo-propane ring bearing two chlorine atoms. The asymmetric unit contains two mol-ecules linked by an O-H⋯O hydrogen bond. In the crystal, further O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds build up an R 4 (4)(8) cyclic tetra-mer. One of the mol-ecules presents disorder that affects the seven-membered ring. In both mol-ecules, the six-membered rings display a chair conformation, whereas the seven-membered rings display conformations inter-mediate between boat and twist-boat for the non-disordered mol-ecule and either a chair or boat and twist-boat for the disordered mol-ecule owing to the disorder. The absolute configuration for both mol-ecules is 1S,3R,8R,9R and was deduced from the chemical pathway and further confirmed by the X-ray structural analysis. PMID:27536404

  16. Heavy perfluorocarbons in the global atmosphere: Atmospheric histories and top-down global emission estimates for C4F10, C5F12, C6F14, C7F16 and C8F18

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ivy, D. J.; Arnold, T.; Rigby, M. L.; Baasandorj, M.; Muhle, J.; Harth, C.; Salameh, P.; Steele, P.; Leist, M.; Krummel, P. B.; Burkholder, J. B.; Fraser, P.; Weiss, R. F.; Prinn, R. G.

    2011-12-01

    The high molecular weight perfluorocarbons (PFCs) - perfluorobutane (C4F10), perfluoropentane (C5F12), perfluorohexane (C6F14), perfluoroheptane (C7F16) and perfluorooctane (C8F18) - are potent greenhouse gases with global warming potentials of ~ 9000 for a 100 year time horizon [Forster et al., 2007]. Currently, the heavy PFCs are regulated under the Kyoto Protocol of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). However, no atmospheric observations or top-down emission estimates for these gases have been published. In this study, atmospheric histories of the heavy PFCs were determined through new measurements of the Cape Grim Air Archive and a collection of Northern Hemispheric archive flasks using the Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment (AGAGE) cryogenic preconcentration gas chromatography-mass spectrometry system "Medusa" [Miller et al., 2008]. Furthermore, global top-down emissions were estimated from 1973-2010 based on the atmospheric histories using an inverse method and the 3-D chemical transport model, Model of OZone and Related Tracers (MOZARTv4.5) [Emmons et al., 2009]. Comparison of the top-down emission estimates with bottom-up estimates from the Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGARv4.1) shows EDGARv4.1 emission estimates are underestimated by orders of magnitude for C4F10 and C5F12 [European Commission, 2009]. The bottom-up estimates from EDGARv4.1 are comparable to the top-down estimates for C6F14 and C7F16; no bottom-up emission estimates are available for C8F18. Generally, UNFCCC reported inventories by countries that have ratified the Kyoto Protocol are 5 to 10 times lower than the top-down emission estimates for C4F10, C5F12 and C6F14 (C7F16 and C8F18 are not reported to the UNFCCC). The atmospheric histories and top-down emission estimates presented are the most accurate and comprehensive compiled so far for the high molecular weight PFCs. Furthermore, this study illustrates the importance of

  17. 8 CFR 1245.4 - Documentary requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Documentary requirements. 1245.4 Section 1245.4 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE... Documentary requirements. The provisions of part 1211 of this chapter relating to the documentary...

  18. 8 CFR 245.4 - Documentary requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Documentary requirements. 245.4 Section 245... STATUS TO THAT OF PERSON ADMITTED FOR PERMANENT RESIDENCE § 245.4 Documentary requirements. The provisions of part 211 of this chapter relating to the documentary requirements for immigrants shall...

  19. 8 CFR 245.4 - Documentary requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Documentary requirements. 245.4 Section 245... STATUS TO THAT OF PERSON ADMITTED FOR PERMANENT RESIDENCE § 245.4 Documentary requirements. The provisions of part 211 of this chapter relating to the documentary requirements for immigrants shall...

  20. 8 CFR 1245.4 - Documentary requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Documentary requirements. 1245.4 Section 1245.4 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE... Documentary requirements. The provisions of part 1211 of this chapter relating to the documentary...

  1. 8 CFR 1245.4 - Documentary requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Documentary requirements. 1245.4 Section 1245.4 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE... Documentary requirements. The provisions of part 1211 of this chapter relating to the documentary...

  2. 8 CFR 1245.4 - Documentary requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Documentary requirements. 1245.4 Section 1245.4 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE... Documentary requirements. The provisions of part 1211 of this chapter relating to the documentary...

  3. 8 CFR 1245.4 - Documentary requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Documentary requirements. 1245.4 Section 1245.4 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE... Documentary requirements. The provisions of part 1211 of this chapter relating to the documentary...

  4. 8 CFR 245.4 - Documentary requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Documentary requirements. 245.4 Section 245... STATUS TO THAT OF PERSON ADMITTED FOR PERMANENT RESIDENCE § 245.4 Documentary requirements. The provisions of part 211 of this chapter relating to the documentary requirements for immigrants shall...

  5. 8 CFR 245.4 - Documentary requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Documentary requirements. 245.4 Section 245... STATUS TO THAT OF PERSON ADMITTED FOR PERMANENT RESIDENCE § 245.4 Documentary requirements. The provisions of part 211 of this chapter relating to the documentary requirements for immigrants shall...

  6. 8 CFR 245.4 - Documentary requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Documentary requirements. 245.4 Section 245... STATUS TO THAT OF PERSON ADMITTED FOR PERMANENT RESIDENCE § 245.4 Documentary requirements. The provisions of part 211 of this chapter relating to the documentary requirements for immigrants shall...

  7. 4 CFR 21.8 - Remedies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... the protester. (f)(1) If GAO recommends that the agency pay the protester the costs of filing and... ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE GENERAL PROCEDURES BID PROTEST REGULATIONS § 21.8 Remedies. (a) If GAO determines that a... regulation; or (6) Such other recommendation(s) as GAO determines necessary to promote compliance. (b)...

  8. The zero-field glassy ground state and field-induced ferromagnetic transition in (La0.4Pr0.6)1.2Sr1.8Mn2O7

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tackett, R.; Lawes, G.; Suryanarayanan, R.; Apostu, M.; Revcolevschi, A.

    2011-04-01

    We have investigated glassy magnetic freezing in (La0.4Pr0.6)1.2Sr1.8Mn2O7 single crystals together with the field-induced transition to a metastable ferromagnetic phase using ac magnetic susceptibility and heat capacity measurements. The magnetization measurements show evidence for the development of a zero-field glassy ground state below 45 K along with a hysteretic, field-induced change in susceptibility associated with the transition to the ferromagnetic phase above 5 T. The heat capacity develops a clear peak at higher temperatures with the application of large magnetic fields, consistent with the development of a ferromagnetic order, while at low temperatures the Sommerfeld coefficient is monotonically reduced by an applied field, suggesting suppression of spin fluctuations. The heat capacity shows hysteretic behaviour, accompanied by a sharp decrease at a critical field, when held at fixed temperature, which does not recover on reducing the field back to zero. These measurements suggest that the zero-field ground state for (La0.4Pr0.6)1.2Sr1.8Mn2O7 consists of frozen disordered spin clusters, which develop into a metastable ferromagnetic state in modest magnetic fields.

  9. The Marine-Derived Fungus Clonostachys rosea, Source of a Rare Conjugated 4-Me-6E,8E-hexadecadienoic Acid Reducing Viability of MCF-7 Breast Cancer Cells and Gene Expression of Lipogenic Enzymes.

    PubMed

    Dias, Ana Camila Dos Santos; Ruiz, Nicolas; Couzinet-Mossion, Aurélie; Bertrand, Samuel; Duflos, Muriel; Pouchus, Yves-François; Barnathan, Gilles; Nazih, Hassan; Wielgosz-Collin, Gaetane

    2015-08-01

    A marine-derived strain of Clonostachys rosea isolated from sediments of the river Loire estuary (France) was investigated for its high lipid production. The fungal strain was grown on six different culture media to explore lipid production changes. An original branched conjugated fatty acid, mainly present in triglycerides and mostly produced when grown on DCA (23% of total fatty acid composition). It was identified as 4-Me-6E,8E-hexadecadienoic on the basis of spectroscopic analyses. This fatty acid reduced viability of MCF-7 breast cancer cells in a dose dependent manner (up to 63%) at physiological free fatty acid human plasma concentration (100 μM). Reduction of gene expression of two lipogenic enzymes, the acetyl CoA carboxylase (ACC) and the fatty acid synthase (FAS) was evaluated to explore the mechanisms of action of 4-Me-6E,8E-16:2 acid. At 50 μM, 50% and 35% of mRNA gene expression inhibition were observed for ACC and FAS, respectively. PMID:26258780

  10. The Marine-Derived Fungus Clonostachys rosea, Source of a Rare Conjugated 4-Me-6E,8E-hexadecadienoic Acid Reducing Viability of MCF-7 Breast Cancer Cells and Gene Expression of Lipogenic Enzymes

    PubMed Central

    Dos Santos Dias, Ana Camila; Ruiz, Nicolas; Couzinet-Mossion, Aurélie; Bertrand, Samuel; Duflos, Muriel; Pouchus, Yves-François; Barnathan, Gilles; Nazih, Hassan; Wielgosz-Collin, Gaetane

    2015-01-01

    A marine-derived strain of Clonostachys rosea isolated from sediments of the river Loire estuary (France) was investigated for its high lipid production. The fungal strain was grown on six different culture media to explore lipid production changes. An original branched conjugated fatty acid, mainly present in triglycerides and mostly produced when grown on DCA (23% of total fatty acid composition). It was identified as 4-Me-6E,8E-hexadecadienoic on the basis of spectroscopic analyses. This fatty acid reduced viability of MCF-7 breast cancer cells in a dose dependent manner (up to 63%) at physiological free fatty acid human plasma concentration (100 μM). Reduction of gene expression of two lipogenic enzymes, the acetyl CoA carboxylase (ACC) and the fatty acid synthase (FAS) was evaluated to explore the mechanisms of action of 4-Me-6E,8E-16:2 acid. At 50 μM, 50% and 35% of mRNA gene expression inhibition were observed for ACC and FAS, respectively. PMID:26258780

  11. Detection of Cu2Zn5SnSe8 and Cu2Zn6SnSe9 phases in co-evaporated Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin-films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schwarz, Torsten; Marques, Miguel A. L.; Botti, Silvana; Mousel, Marina; Redinger, Alex; Siebentritt, Susanne; Cojocaru-Mirédin, Oana; Raabe, Dierk; Choi, Pyuck-Pa

    2015-10-01

    Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin-films for photovoltaic applications are investigated using combined atom probe tomography and ab initio density functional theory. The atom probe studies reveal nano-sized grains of Cu2Zn5SnSe8 and Cu2Zn6SnSe9 composition, which cannot be assigned to any known phase reported in the literature. Both phases are considered to be metastable, as density functional theory calculations yield positive energy differences with respect to the decomposition into Cu2ZnSnSe4 and ZnSe. Among the conceivable crystal structures for both phases, a distorted zinc-blende structure shows the lowest energy, which is a few tens of meV below the energy of a wurtzite structure. A band gap of 1.1 eV is calculated for both the Cu2Zn5SnSe8 and Cu2Zn6SnSe9 phases. Possible effects of these phases on solar cell performance are discussed.

  12. Novel Dy{sup 3+}-doped Ca{sub 2}Gd{sub 8}(SiO{sub 4}){sub 6}O{sub 2} white light phosphors for Hg-free lamps application

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Yuhua; Wen, Yan; Zhang, Feng

    2010-11-15

    The luminescent properties of Ca{sub 2}Gd{sub 8(1-x)}(SiO{sub 4}){sub 6}O{sub 2}:xDy{sup 3+} (1% {<=} x {<=} 5%) powder crystals with oxyapatite structure were investigated under vacuum ultraviolet excitation. In the excitation spectrum, the peaks at 166 nm and 191 nm of the vacuum ultraviolet region can be assigned to the O{sup 2-} {yields} Gd{sup 3+}, and O{sup 2-} {yields} Dy{sup 3+} charge transfer band respectively, which is consistent with the theoretical calculated value using J{phi}rgensen's empirical formula. While the peaks at 183 nm and 289 nm are attributed to the f-d spin-allowed transitions and the f-d spin-forbidden transitions of Dy{sup 3+} in the host lattice with Dorenbos's expression. According to the emission spectra, all the samples exhibited excellent white emission under 172 nm excitation and the best calculated chromaticity coordinate was 0.335, 0.338, which indicates that the Ca{sub 2}Gd{sub 8}(SiO{sub 4}){sub 6}O{sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphor could be considered as a potential candidate for Hg-free lamps application.

  13. Synthesis, crystal structure and photoluminescence of a new Eu-doped Sr containing sialon (Sr0.94Eu0.06)(Al0.3Si0.7)4(N0.8O0.2)6

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamane, Hisanori; Shimooka, Satoshi; Uheda, Kyota

    2012-06-01

    Colorless transparent platelet single crystals of a novel Eu2+-doped strontium silicon aluminum oxynitride, (Sr0.94Eu0.06)(Al0.3Si0.7)4(N0.8O0.2)6, were prepared at 1800 °C and 0.92 MPa of N2. Fundamental reflections of electron and X-ray diffraction of the crystals were indexed with a face-centered orthorhombic unit cell (a=5.8061(5) Å, b=37.762(3) Å, c=9.5936(9) Å). Diffuse streaks elongated in the b-axis direction were observed around the fundamental reflections hkl with h=2n+1 of the electron and X-ray diffraction, indicating stacking faults of (0 1 0)[1 0 0]/2. A crystal structure model without the stacking faults was obtained using the X-ray diffraction data of the fundamental reflections with the space group Fdd2. A SiN4-tetrahedron double layer of [SiN2]2 and a Sr/Eu double layer of [(Sr0.94Eu0.06)Al1.2Si0.8N0.8 O1.2]2 are stacked alternately along the b-axis direction. The title compound showed an emission with a peak wavelength of 490 nm under 334 nm excitation at room temperature.

  14. Efficient Catalyst One-Pot Synthesis of 7-(Aryl)-10,10-dimethyl-10,11-dihydrochromeno[4,3-b]chromene-6,8(7H,9H)-dione Derivatives Complemented by Antibacterial Activity

    PubMed Central

    Al-Majedy, Yasameen K.; Kadhum, Abdul Amir H.; Mohamad, Abu Bakar

    2016-01-01

    The problem of bacteria resistance to many known agents has inspired scientists and researchers to discover novel efficient antibacterial drugs. Three rapid, clean, and highly efficient methods were developed for one-pot synthesis of 7-(aryl)-10,10-dimethyl-10,11-dihydrochromeno[4,3-b]chromene-6,8(7H,9H)-dione derivatives. Three components are condensed in the synthesis, 4-hydroxycoumarin, 5,5-dimethyl-1,3-cyclohexanedione, and aromatic aldehydes, using tetrabutylammonium bromide (TBAB), diammonium hydrogen phosphate (DAHP), or ferric chloride (FeCl3), respectively. Each method has different reaction mechanisms according to the catalyst. The present methods have advantages, including one-pot synthesis, excellent yields, short reaction times, and easy isolation of product. All catalysts utilized in our study could be reused several times without losing their catalytic efficiency. All synthesized compounds were fully characterized and evaluated for their antibacterial activity. PMID:27563671

  15. Efficient Catalyst One-Pot Synthesis of 7-(Aryl)-10,10-dimethyl-10,11-dihydrochromeno[4,3-b]chromene-6,8(7H,9H)-dione Derivatives Complemented by Antibacterial Activity.

    PubMed

    Al-Majedy, Yasameen K; Al-Amiery, Ahmed A; Kadhum, Abdul Amir H; Mohamad, Abu Bakar

    2016-01-01

    The problem of bacteria resistance to many known agents has inspired scientists and researchers to discover novel efficient antibacterial drugs. Three rapid, clean, and highly efficient methods were developed for one-pot synthesis of 7-(aryl)-10,10-dimethyl-10,11-dihydrochromeno[4,3-b]chromene-6,8(7H,9H)-dione derivatives. Three components are condensed in the synthesis, 4-hydroxycoumarin, 5,5-dimethyl-1,3-cyclohexanedione, and aromatic aldehydes, using tetrabutylammonium bromide (TBAB), diammonium hydrogen phosphate (DAHP), or ferric chloride (FeCl3), respectively. Each method has different reaction mechanisms according to the catalyst. The present methods have advantages, including one-pot synthesis, excellent yields, short reaction times, and easy isolation of product. All catalysts utilized in our study could be reused several times without losing their catalytic efficiency. All synthesized compounds were fully characterized and evaluated for their antibacterial activity. PMID:27563671

  16. Crystal structure and computational study of 3,4-dihy-droxy-3-hy-droxy-methyl-9-methyl-6-methyl-idene-3a,4,5,6,6a,9,9a,9b-octa-hydro-azuleno[4,5-b]furan-2,8(3H,7H)-dione.

    PubMed

    Çelik, Ísmail; Akkurt, Mehmet; Akşit, Hüseyin; Erenler, Ramazan; García-Granda, Santiago

    2015-12-01

    In the mol-ecule of title compound, C15H20O6, also known as cynarinin A, the cyclo-pentane ring having twist conformation and a γ-lactone ring assuming an envelope conformation are trans- and cis-fused, respectively, to a cyclo-heptane ring adopting a twist-chair conformation. In the crystal, O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds link neighbouring mol-ecules, forming a three-dimensional network. Theoretical calculations of the mol-ecular structure using the CNDO approximation and MOPAC PM3 geometry optimization are in satisfactory agreement with the results of the X-ray structure analysis. PMID:26870396

  17. Ethyl 2,7,7-trimethyl-4-(1-methyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-5-oxo-1,4,5,6,7,8-hexa-hydro-quinoline-3-carboxyl-ate.

    PubMed

    Oztürk Yildirim, Sema; Butcher, Ray J; Gündüz, Miyase Gözde; El-Khouly, Ahmed; Simşek, Rahime; Safak, Cihat

    2013-01-01

    In the title mol-ecule, C24H28N2O3, the cyclo-hexene ring is in a sofa conformation and the 1,4-dihydro-pyridine ring is in a slight boat conformation. In the indole ring system, the pyrrole and benzene rings form a dihedral angle of 2.63 (7)°. In the crystal, N-H⋯O hydrogen bonds connect the mol-ecules into C(6) chains parallel to the b axis and pairs of weak C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds link inversion-related chains into a ladder motif through R2(2)(18) rings. A weak intra-molecular C-H⋯O hydrogen bond is also observed. PMID:23476426

  18. Crystal structure and computational study of 3,4-dihy­droxy-3-hy­droxy­methyl-9-methyl-6-methyl­idene-3a,4,5,6,6a,9,9a,9b-octa­hydro­azuleno[4,5-b]furan-2,8(3H,7H)-dione

    PubMed Central

    Çelik, Ísmail; Akkurt, Mehmet; Akşit, Hüseyin; Erenler, Ramazan; García-Granda, Santiago

    2015-01-01

    In the mol­ecule of title compound, C15H20O6, also known as cynarinin A, the cyclo­pentane ring having twist conformation and a γ-lactone ring assuming an envelope conformation are trans- and cis-fused, respectively, to a cyclo­heptane ring adopting a twist-chair conformation. In the crystal, O—H⋯O hydrogen bonds link neighbouring mol­ecules, forming a three-dimensional network. Theoretical calculations of the mol­ecular structure using the CNDO approximation and MOPAC PM3 geometry optimization are in satisfactory agreement with the results of the X-ray structure analysis. PMID:26870396

  19. Experimental approach to form anorthositic melts: phase relations in the system CaAl2Si2O8 - CaMgSi2O6 - Mg2SiO4 at 6 wt.% H2O

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zirner, Aurelia Lucretia Katharina; Ballhaus, Chris; Fonseca, Raúl; Müncker, Carsten

    2014-05-01

    Massive anorthosite dykes are documented for the first time from the Limassol Forest Complex (LFC) of Cyprus, the LFC being a deformed equivalent of the Troodos ultramafic massif. Both the Troodos and LFC complexes are part of the Tethyan realm consisting of Cretaceous oceanic crust that formed within a backarc basin 90 Ma ago and was obduced during late Miocene. From crosscutting relations with the sheeted dyke complex, it follows that the anorthosites belong to one of the latest magmatic events on Cyprus. In hand specimen, the rocks appear massive and unaltered, although in thin section magmatic plagioclase (An93) is partially replaced by albite and thomsonite (zeolite). Where magmatic textures are preserved, plagioclase forms cm-sized, acicular, radially arranged crystal aggregates that remind of spinifex textures. Six major types of anorthosite occurrences have previously been described, none of them matching with the above described anorthosite dykes [1]. The origin of these anorthosite dykes remains poorly understood. Even though they occur as intrusive dykes, it is evident that they cannot represent liquidus compositions, at least under dry conditions. Whole-sale melting of pure An93 would require temperatures in excess of 1450 °C, which is a quite unrealistic temperature of the modern Earth's crust. The working hypothesis is that boninitic melts with approximately 4 wt.% H2O, as found in the cyprian upper pillow lavas (UPL), could produce such rocks by olivine-pyroxene fractionation. Indeed, experiments indicate that such lithologies can be generated by medium-pressure fractional crystallization of hydrous basaltic melts followed by decompression-degassing. High pH2O stabilizes olivine but tends to suppress plagioclase as the highest polymerized phase. Hence the An component is accumulated in the (late-stage) melt. When such a system experiences sudden decompression, the aqueous phase will exsolve and will trigger massive precipitation of anorthite

  20. Consistent N=8 truncation of massive IIA on S 6

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guarino, Adolfo; Varela, Oscar

    2015-12-01

    Massive type IIA supergravity is shown to admit a consistent truncation on the six-sphere to maximal supergravity in four dimensions with a dyonic ISO(7) gauging. We obtain the complete, non-linear embedding of all the D = 4 fields into the IIA metric and form potentials, and show its consistency. We first rewrite the IIA theory in an SO(1 , 3) × SL(7)-covariant way. Then, we employ an N=8 SL(7)-covariant restriction of the D = 4 tensor hierarchy in order to find the full embedding. The redundant D = 4 degrees of freedom introduced by the tensor hierarchy can be eliminated by writing the embedding in terms of the field strengths and exploiting the restricted duality hierarchy. In particular, closed expressions for the Freund-Rubin term are found using this technique which reveal a pattern valid for other truncations. Finally, we show that the present N=8 truncation of massive IIA on S 6 and the N=2 truncation obtained when S 6 is equipped with its nearly-Kähler structure, overlap in the N=1 , G2-invariant sector of the former.

  1. 6. Photocopy of drawing. (This drawing is an 8' x ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Photocopy of drawing. (This drawing is an 8' x 10' enlargement from a 4' x 5' negative; 1942 drawing titled 'Mess Halls; Types M-B-T, M-C-T, M-D-T, M-E-T, M-G-T, M-H-T, M-I-T, M-K-T, M-L-T, M-M-T & M-N-T; Electrical,' Plan No. T.O. 700-6601, located at Directorate of Engineering and Housing, Fort McPherson.) - Fort McPherson, World War II Station Hospital, G. U. Treatment Unit Mess Hall, Thorne & Hood Avenues, Atlanta, Fulton County, GA

  2. Effect of the deposition temperature on the electrochemical properties of La0.6Sr0.4Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ cathode prepared by conventional spray-pyrolysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marrero-López, D.; Romero, R.; Martín, F.; Ramos-Barrado, J. R.

    2014-06-01

    La0.6Sr0.4Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ (LSCF) cathodes have been deposited by conventional spray pyrolysis on Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9 (CGO) electrolytes at different temperatures between 250 and 450 °C, obtaining electrodes with different microstructure and porosity. Highly porous and macroporous electrodes are obtained at deposition temperatures of 250 °C and 450 °C, respectively, with an average grain size of 30-50 nm. The influence of the post-annealing treatment on the microstructure and on the electrochemical properties is investigated by scanning electron microscopy and impedance spectroscopy in air and as a function of the oxygen partial pressure to identify the different contributions to the polarization. Samples annealed at 650 °C show similar values of area specific resistance 0.04-0.06 Ω cm2 at a measured temperature of 650 °C. However, after annealing the samples at 850 °C, the ASR values increase up to 0.1-0.6 Ω cm2 with the lowest value corresponding to the film deposited at 250 °C due to the large porosity and surface area of this film. The performance degradation upon annealing is attributed to decreasing reaction sites induced by grain growth and densification.

  3. Title: Performances of YBaCo1.4Cu0.6O5+ -Ce0.8Sm0.2O1.9 composite cathodes for intermediatetemperature solid oxide fuel cells

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Wang, Lizhong; Peng, Lu; Hu, Michael Z.; Lyu, Shiquan; Meng, Xiangwei; Yu, Bo; Wei, Maobin; Fan, Hougang; Yang, Lili

    2015-01-01

    The electrochemical properties of YBaCo1.4Cu0.6O5+ xCe0.8Sm0.2O1.9 (YBCC xSDC, x = 20, 30, 40, 50, wt%) have been investigated for the potential application in intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs). No chemical reactions between YBCC cathode and SDC electrolyte, and YBCC and La0.9Sr0.1Ga0.8Mg0.2O3- (LSGM) occur. The thermal expansion coefficient (TEC) of YBCC cathode decreases with SDC addition. The TEC of YBCC 30SDC cathode is 13.60 10-6 K-1 from 30 to 850 oC in air and it exhibits the best electrochemical performance among the YBCC xSDC cathodes. The polarization resistance (Rp) of YBCC 30SDC is 0.027 cm2 at 850 oC, 0.044 cm2more » at 800 oC and 0.075 cm2 at 750 oC. The maximum power density value of electrolyte-based cell with YBCC 30SDC cathode is 662, 483 and 319 mW cm 2 at 850, 800 and 750 oC, respectively. Preliminary results indicate that YBCC 30SDC is especially promising as a cathode for IT-SOFCs.« less

  4. Performances of YBaCo1.4Cu0.6O5+δ–Ce0.8Sm0.2O1.9 composite cathodes for intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Wang, Lizhong; Peng, Lu; Hu, Michael Z.; Lü, Shiquan; Meng, Xiangwei; Yu, Bo; Wei, Maobin; Fan, Hougang; Yang, Lili

    2015-08-20

    In this paper, the electrochemical properties of YBaCo1.4Cu0.6O5+δ–xCe0.8Sm0.2O1.9 (YBCC–xSDC, x=20, 30, 40, 50 wt%) have been investigated for the potential application in intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs). No chemical reactions between YBCC cathode and SDC electrolyte, and YBCC and La0.9Sr0.1Ga0.8Mg0.2O3-δ (LSGM) occur. The thermal expansion coefficient (TEC) of YBCC cathode decreases with SDC addition. The TEC of YBCC–30SDC cathode is 13.60×10–6 K-1 from 30 to 850 °C in air and it exhibits the best electrochemical performance among the YBCC–xSDC cathodes. The polarization resistance (Rp) of YBCC–30SDC is 0.027 Ω cm2 at 850 °C, 0.044 Ω cm2 at 800 °Cmore » and 0.075 Ω cm2 at 750 °C. The maximum power density value of electrolyte-based cell with YBCC–30SDC cathode is 662, 483 and 319 mW cm-2 at 850, 800 and 750 °C, respectively. Finally, preliminary results indicate that YBCC–30SDC is especially promising as a cathode for IT-SOFCs.« less

  5. Thermodynamic data of Ba{sub 0.6}Sr{sub 0.4}Co{sub 0.8}Fe{sub 0.2}O{sub 3−δ} SOFC cathode material

    SciTech Connect

    Botea-Petcu, A.; Tanasescu, S.; Varazashvili, V.; Lejava, N.; Machaladze, T.; Khundadze, M.; Maxim, F.; Teodorescu, F.; Martynczuk, J.; Yáng, Z.; Gauckler, L.J.

    2014-09-15

    Graphical abstract: Partial molar energy of oxygen dissolution (ΔG{sup −}{sub O{sub 2}}) and equilibrium partial pressure of oxygen (log⁡p{sub O{sub 2}}) of perovskite material with the composition Ba{sub 0.6}Sr{sub 0.4}Co{sub 0.8}Fe{sub 0.2}O{sub 3−δ} as a function of temperature. - Highlights: • We report relevant data for thermodynamic stability of Ba{sub 0.6}Sr{sub 0.4}Co{sub 0.8}Fe{sub 0.2}O{sub 3−δ} perovskite compound. • Temperature of structural transformations related to the charge compensation of the material system is evidenced. • The results are discussed based on the properties-defect structure relationship. - Abstract: The compound Ba{sub 0.6}Sr{sub 0.4}Co{sub 0.8}Fe{sub 0.2}O{sub 3−δ} with perovskite structure has been studied focusing mainly on the thermodynamic stability in correlation to the change in the oxygen stoichiometry. The thermochemical behavior has been investigated from room temperature to 1300 K by thermal gravimetry and differential thermal analysis in air and by calorimetry in scanning mode in Argon. The temperature dependence of enthalpy (ΔH{sup T}{sub 298}) in the temperature range of 300–900 K was measured by drop calorimetry. Thermodynamic properties represented by the relative partial molar free energies, enthalpies and entropies of oxygen dissolution in the perovskite phase, as well as the equilibrium partial pressures of oxygen have been obtained in the temperature range of 823–1273 K using solid electrolyte electrochemical cells (EMF). The influence of the oxygen stoichiometry on the thermodynamic properties was examined using a coulometric titration technique coupled with EMF measurements. The results are discussed based on the strong correlation between the energetic parameters and the charge compensation of the material system.

  6. Combinatorial topology of uranyl molybdate sheets: syntheses and crystal structures of (C 6H 14N 2) 3[(UO 2) 5(MoO 4) 8](H 2O) 4 and (C 2H 10N 2)[(UO 2)(MoO 4) 2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krivovichev, Sergey V.; Burns, Peter C.

    2003-01-01

    Two new mixed organic-inorganic uranyl molybdates, (C 6H 14N 2) 3[(UO 2) 5(MoO 4) 8](H 2O) 4 ( 1) and (C 2H 10N 2)[(UO 2)(MoO 4) 2] ( 2), have been obtained by hydrothermal methods. The structure of 1 [triclinic, P 1¯, Z=1, a=11.8557(9), b=11.8702(9), c=12.6746(9) Å, α=96.734(2)°, β=91.107(2)°, γ=110.193(2)°, V=1659.1(2) Å] has been solved by direct methods and refined on the basis of F2 for all unique reflections to R1=0.058, which was calculated for the 5642 unique observed reflections (| Fo|⩾4 σF). The structure contains topologically novel sheets of uranyl square bipyramids, uranyl pentagonal bipyramids, and MoO 4 tetrahedra, with composition [(UO 2) 5(MoO 4) 8] 6-, that are parallel to (-101). H 2O groups and 1,4-diazabicyclo [2.2.2]-octane (DABCO) molecules are located in the interlayer, where they provide linkage of the sheets. The structure of 2 [triclinic, P 1¯, Z=2, a=8.4004(4), b=11.2600(5), c=13.1239(6) Å, α=86.112(1)°, β=86.434(1)°, γ=76.544(1)°, V=1203.14(10) Å] has been solved by direct methods and refined on the basis of F2 for all unique reflections to R1=0.043, which was calculated for 5491 unique observed reflections (| Fo|⩾4 σF). The structure contains topologically novel sheets of uranyl pentagonal bipyramids and MoO 4 tetrahedra, with composition [(UO 2)(MoO 4) 2] 2-, that are parallel to (110). Ethylenediamine molecules are located in the interlayer, where they provide linkage of the sheets. All known topologies of uranyl molybdate sheets of corner-sharing U and Mo polyhedra can be described by their nodal representations (representations as graphs in which U and Mo polyhedra are given as black and white vertices, respectively). Each topology can be derived from a simple black-and-white graph of six-connected black vertices and three-connected white vertices by deleting some of its segments and white vertices.

  7. Bulk modulus of basic sodalite, Na{sub 8}[AlSiO{sub 4}]{sub 6}(OH){sub 2}.2H{sub 2}O, a possible zeolitic precursor in coal-fly-ash-based geopolymers

    SciTech Connect

    Oh, Jae Eun; Moon, Juhyuk; Mancio, Mauricio; Clark, Simon M.; Monteiro, Paulo J.M.

    2011-01-15

    Synthetic basic sodalite, Na{sub 8}[AlSiO{sub 4}]{sub 6}(OH){sub 2}.2H{sub 2}O, cubic, P43n, (also known as hydroxysodalite hydrate) was prepared by the alkaline activation of amorphous aluminosilicate glass, obtained from the phase separation of Class F fly ash. The sample was subjected to a process similar to geopolymerization, using high concentrations of a NaOH solution at 90 {sup o}C for 24 hours. Basic sodalite was chosen as a representative analogue of the zeolite precursor existing in Na-based Class F fly ash geopolymers. To determine its bulk modulus, high-pressure synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction was applied using a diamond anvil cell (DAC) up to a pressure of 4.5 GPa. A curve-fit with a truncated third-order Birch-Murnaghan equation of state with a fixed K'{sub o} = 4 to pressure-normalized volume data yielded the isothermal bulk modulus, K{sub o} = 43 {+-} 4 GPa, indicating that basic sodalite is more compressible than sodalite, possibly due to a difference in interactions between the framework host and the guest molecules.

  8. Dentin is dissolved by high concentrations of L-ascorbic acid 2-[3,4-dihydro-2,5,7,8-tetramethyl-2-(4,8,12-trimethyltridecyl)-2H-1-benzopyran-6-yl-hydrogen phosphate] potassium salt with or without hydrogen peroxide.

    PubMed

    Kozuka, Masahiro; Tsujimoto, Yasuhisa

    2004-06-01

    L-Ascorbic acid 2-[3,4-dihydro-2,5,7,8-tetramethyl-2-(4,8,12-trimethyltridecyl)-2H-1-benzopyran-6-yl-hydrogen phosphate] potassium salt (EPC-K(1)) is a conjugate of vitamin C and vitamin E that is water-soluble and stable at room temperature. EPC-K(1) has been developed as a hydroxyl radical (.OH) scavenger and antioxidant. In a previous tooth whitening experiment, it was accidentally found that tooth (dentin) blocks were dissolved by EPC-K(1) with H(2)O(2). In the current study, high concentrations of EPC-K(1) (2.5, 25 mM) with 3% H(2)O(2) dissolved and caused the collapse of dentin blocks. Similar concentrations of EPC-K(1) without 3% H(2)O(2), however, dissolved the dentin blocks without collapse over a 3-week period. In these cases, a.OH-like signal was detected using an ESR spin-trapping method. The volume of calcium in solution (including the dentin block) increased on the addition of EPC-K(1) in a concentration-dependent manner. In addition, the calcium : phosphorus ratio changed from 2 : 1 in sound dentin to 1 : 2 in the collapsed dentin block. High concentrations of EPC-K(1) are therefore considered to have calcium chelating and dentin dissolving activity. The dentin dissolving activity was enhanced when EPC-K(1) was used with H(2)O(2). EPC-K(1) had no protective effect when used in tooth whitening with H(2)O(2). PMID:15187428

  9. Long-Term Corrosion Testing of Thermal Spray Coatings of Amorphous Metals: Fe49.7Cr17.7Mn1.9Mo7.4W1.6B15.2C3.8Si2.4 and Fe48Mo14Cr15Y2C15B6

    SciTech Connect

    Farmer, J; Day, D; Lian, T; Saw, C; Hailey, P; Payer, J; Aprigliano, L; Beardsley, B; Branagan, D

    2007-07-09

    Amorphous alloys identified as SAM2X5 (Fe{sub 49.7}Cr{sub 17.7}Mn{sub 1.9}Mo{sub 7.4}W{sub 1.6}B{sub 15.2}C{sub 3.8}Si{sub 2.4}) and SAM1651 (Fe{sub 48}Mo{sub 14}Cr{sub 15}Y{sub 2}C{sub 15}B{sub 6}) have been produced as melt-spun ribbons, drop-cast ingots and thermal-spray coatings. Chromium (Cr), molybdenum (Mo) and tungsten (W) additions provided corrosion resistance, while boron (B) enabled glass formation. Earlier electrochemical studies of melt-spun ribbons and ingots of these amorphous alloys demonstrated outstanding passive film stability. More recently thermal-spray coatings of these amorphous alloys have been made and subjected to long-term salt-fog and immersion tests. Good corrosion resistance has been observed during salt-fog testing. Corrosion rates were measured in situ with linear polarization, while simultaneously monitoring the open-circuit corrosion potentials. Reasonably good performance was observed. The sensitivity of these measurements to electrolyte composition and temperature was determined. The high boron content of SAM2X5 also made it an effective neutron absorber, and suitable for criticality control applications.

  10. 8. View Southeast, showing front elevation of Brewery (Buildings 6 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. View Southeast, showing front elevation of Brewery (Buildings 6 and 7 are not visible - behind Brewery) - Weissner Brewery, Building Nos. 6 & 7, 1700 North Gay Street, Baltimore, Independent City, MD

  11. Pressure-induced isomerization of a heterometallic rhodium-gold cluster compound: (Rh sub 2 (. mu. -Cl) sub 2 (CNC sub 8 H sub 9 ) sub 4 (. mu. -AuPPh sub 3 )) sub 2 (PF sub 6 ) sub 2

    SciTech Connect

    Bray, K.L.; Drickamer, H.G.; Shapley, J.R. ); Mingos, D.M.P.; Watson, M.J. )

    1991-02-20

    Mingos et al. have prepared two isomers of the cluster compound (Rh{sub 2}(mu-Cl{sub 2})(CNC{sub 8}H{sub 9}){sub 4}(mu-AuPPh{sub 3})){sub 2}(PF{sub 6}){sub 2} and have characterized these isomers using single crystal x-ray techniques. The volumes per cluster cation were found to be very similar for both isomers, 1,430 and 1,413 angstroms, and the Rh-Rh bond lengths were found to be 3.262 and 3.008 angstroms for the same isomer. The cluster skeletal geometries were found to differ only at an interior link, and applied pressure appeared to induce a conformational transition around this bond.

  12. Two Rh(III)-substituted polyoxoniobates and their base-induced transformation: [H2RhNb9O28](6-) and [Rh2(OH)4Nb10O30](8-).

    PubMed

    Son, Jung-Ho; Casey, Willam H

    2015-12-21

    Two new rhodium-substituted polyoxoniobates, [H2RhNb9O28](6-) (RhNb9) and [Rh2(OH)4Nb10O30](8-) (Rh2Nb10) are reported. The two distinct Rh(III)-substituted niobate clusters behave differently when the pH is raised with TMAOH: the Rh2Nb10 is stable until pH ∼ 12.7, but RhNb9 dissociates to form RhNb5 and RhNb10, similar to some of our other metal-substituted niobates, such as the MNb9 ions (M = Cr or Mn), which transform to MNb10 when the solution pH is raised. PMID:26571142

  13. Effects of R-site compositions on the meta-magnetic behavior of Tb1 - xPrx(Fe0.4Co0.6)1.88C0.05 (x = 0, 0.8, and 1)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Jun-Wei; Xia, Zheng-Cai; Cheng, Gang; Shi, Li-Ran; Jin, Zhao; Shang, Cui; Wei, Meng

    2015-10-01

    We investigate the low-temperature magnetic properties of intermetallic compounds Tb1 - xPrx(Fe0.4Co0.6)1.88C0.05 (x = 0, 0.8, and 1) by detailed magnetization measurements. Obvious temperature- and field-induced irreversibilities suggest the coexistence of multiple magnetic phases. Sharp magnetization jumps across the antiferromagnetic to ferromagnetic transition are observed only in the Pr-containing samples, indicating that the behavior of the avalanche-like growth of ferromagnetic clusters is mainly related to the light lanthanide Pr ions. In addition, the time relaxation, field sweep rate, and cooling field dependence of magnetization jumps in the sample with x = 1 are consistent with those in the martensitic scenario. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11104091) and the Funds from Provincial Key Laboratory of Information Materials, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China (Grant No. 1210908-05-K).

  14. TiO2/vanadate (Sr10V6O25, Ni3V2O8, Zn2V2O7) heterostructured photocatalysts with enhanced photocatalytic activity for photoreduction of CO2 into CH4.

    PubMed

    Yan, Yabin; Yu, Yanlong; Wu, Di; Yang, Yajun; Cao, Yaan

    2016-01-14

    A series of TiO2/vanadate (Sr10V6O25, Ni3V2O8, Zn2V2O7) heterostructured photocatalysts were prepared by a simple sol-gel method. The theoretical calculations imply the possible energy band match between TiO2 and vanadates. Characterized by XRD, Raman, TEM, EDX, XPS, absorption spectra, PL and time-resolved PL decay curves, it is revealed that the vanadates, which exist on the surface of TiO2, could suppress the recombination of charge carriers, prolong the life-time of photogenerated electrons and provide surface reactive hole sites, improving the photocatalytic activity for photo-reduction of CO2 into CH4. PMID:26662343

  15. Raman spectra of organic compounds kladnoite (C6H4(CO)2NH) and hoelite (C14H8O2)--rare sublimation products crystallising on self-ignited coal heaps.

    PubMed

    Jehlicka, J; Zácek, V; Edwards, H G M; Shcherbakova, E; Moroz, T

    2007-12-15

    As minerals, aromatic compounds occur very rarely in nature. Not more than 10 of such minerals are known and most of them were described in the coal deposits where they were formed as a result of coal bed fires or burning of coal waste heaps. Raman spectra of kladnoite C(6)H(4)(CO)(2)NH (natural phthalimide) and hoelite C(14)H(8)O(2), (natural 9,10-anthraquinone) display complex features. Raman microspectroscopy help to detect these phases non-destructively directly in the frame of rare samples. Investigated minerals are transformation products formed from gaseous phase originating in natural pyrolytical process occurring in the frame of coal heaps and coal series outcrops. It is recommended to include Raman spectroscopic characteristics of similar materials in databases for exobiological studies. PMID:17398143

  16. Slow Thermodynamics in the Phase Separated State of the Bilayered Manganite (La0.4Pr0.6)1.2Sr1.8Mn2O7

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taniguchi, Haruka; Nakamura, Yuma; Konno, Takahisa; Matsukawa, Michiaki; Suryanarayanan, Ramanathaan

    Bilayered perovskite (La0.4Pr0.6)1.2Sr1.8Mn2O7 exhibits a field-induced paramagnetic-insulator to ferromagnetic- metal transition, and a phase-separated state is realized after the field is switched off. In order to clarify the thermodynamic properties of the phase-separated state which is a common feature in many mangan- ites, we performed specific heat measurement with field along the magnetization easy axis. We have revealed that the remanent specifc heat might exhibit a stretched exponential decay and the relaxation time is remarkably long. These results indicate the importance of magnetic frustration originating from the competition between double-exchange interaction and superexchange interaction.

  17. Precursor solution additives improve desiccated La0.6Sr0.4Co0.8Fe0.2O3-x infiltrated solid oxide fuel cell cathode performance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burye, Theodore E.; Nicholas, Jason D.

    2016-01-01

    Here, the addition of the surfactant Triton X-100 or the chelating agent citric acid to Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) La0.6Sr0.4Co0.8Fe0.2O3-x (LSCF) precursor nitrate solutions is shown via scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) to reduce average infiltrate nano-particle size and improve infiltrate phase purity. In addition, the desiccation of LSCF precursor solutions containing the aforementioned organic solution additives further reduces the average LSCF infiltrate nano-particle size and improves the low-temperature infiltrate phase purity. In particular, CaCl2-desiccation reduces the average size of Triton X-100 derived (TXD) LSCF particles fired at 700 °C from 48 to 22 nm, and reduces the average size of citric acid derived LSCF particles fired at 700 °C from 50 to 41 nm. Modeling and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) tests indicate that particle size reductions alone are responsible for desiccation-induced cathode performance improvements such as CaCl2-desiccated TXD La0.6Sr0.4Co0.8Fe0.2O3-x - Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 (LSCF-GDC) cathodes reaching a polarization resistance of 0.17 Ωcm2 at 540 °C, compared to 600 °C for undesiccated TXD LSCF-GDC cathodes. This excellent low-temperature performance, combined with a low open-circuit 540 °C degradation rate, suggests that the desiccation of organic-additive-containing infiltrate precursor solutions may be useful for the development of durable, high-power, low-temperature SOFCs.

  18. Crystal structure of 9-(3-bromo-5-chloro-2-hydroxy­phen­yl)-10-(2-hy­droxy­eth­yl)-3,3,6,6-tetra­methyl-3,4,6,7,9,10-hexa­hydro­acridine-1,8(2H,5H)-dione

    PubMed Central

    Abdelhamid, Antar A.; Mohamed, Shaaban K.; Simpson, Jim

    2014-01-01

    The title compound C25H29BrClNO4, comprises a 3,3,6,6-tetra­methyl­tetra­hydro­acridine-1,8-dione ring system that carries a hy­droxy­ethyl substituent on the acridine N atom and a 3-bromo-5-chloro-2-hy­droxy­phenyl ring on the central methine C atom of the di­hydro­pyridine ring. The benzene ring is inclined to the acridine ring system at an angle of 89.84 (6)° and this conformation is stabilized by an intra­molecular O—H⋯O hydrogen bond between the hy­droxy substituent on the benzene ring and one of the carbonyl groups of the acridinedione unit. In the crystal, O—H⋯O, C—H⋯O and C—H⋯Br hydrogen bonds combine to stack mol­ecules in inter­connected columns propagating along the a-axis direction. PMID:25249850

  19. Identification of immunogenic LY6K long peptide encompassing both CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell epitopes and eliciting CD4+ T-cell immunity in patients with malignant disease

    PubMed Central

    Tomita, Yusuke; Yuno, Akira; Tsukamoto, Hirotake; Senju, Satoru; Kuroda, Yasuhiro; Hirayama, Masatoshi; Imamura, Yuya; Yatsuda, Junji; Sayem, Mohammad Abu; Irie, Atsushi; Hamada, Akinobu; Jono, Hirofumi; Yoshida, Koji; Tsunoda, Takuya; Daigo, Yataro; Kohrogi, Hirotsugu; Yoshitake, Yoshihiro; Nakamura, Yusuke; Shinohara, Masanori; Nishimura, Yasuharu

    2014-01-01

    Identification of peptides that activate both tumor-specific helper T (Th) cells and cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) are important for the induction of effective antitumor immune responses. We focused on a long peptide (LP) derived from lymphocyte antigen 6 complex locus K (LY6K) encompassing both candidate Th epitopes and a known CTL epitope. Using IFNγ ELISPOT assays as a marker of activated T cells, we studied the immunogenicity and cross-priming potential of LY6K-LP, assaying human immune cell responses in vitro and immunologic activities in HLA-A24 transgenic mice in vivo. We identified LY6K172–191-LP as an effective immunogen spanning naturally processed epitopes recognized by T helper type 1 (Th1) cells and CTLs. LY6K-specific CTLs were induced through cross-presentation of LY6K172–191-LP in vitro and in vivo. In addition, LY6K172–191-LP enhanced induction of LY6K-specific CTLs among the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of head-and-neck malignant tumor (HNMT) patients. LY6K172–191-LP-specific Th1 immunologic response following 1 week in vitro stimulation of PBMCs with LY6K172–191-LP were detected in 16 of 21 HNMT patients (76%) vaccinated with CTL-epitope peptides and 1 of 11 HNMT patients (9%) prior to vaccination, but not in 9 healthy donors. Our results are the first to demonstrate the presence of LY6K-specific Th1 cell responses in HNMT patients and underscore the possible utility of LY6K172–191-LP for the induction and propagation of both LY6K-specific Th1 cells and CTLs. PMID:25340007

  20. Highly active La0.4Sr0.6Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ nanocatalyst for oxygen reduction in intermediate temperature-solid oxide fuel cells

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chanquía, Corina M.; Mogni, Liliana; Troiani, Horacio E.; Caneiro, Alberto

    2014-12-01

    Pure-phase La0.4Sr0.6Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ (LSCF) nanocrystallites were successfully synthesized by the combustion method, by employing glycine as fuel and complexing agent, and ammonium nitrate as combustion trigger. The morphological and structural characterization of the LSCF nanopowders was performed by using X-ray diffraction, N2 physisorption and electron microscopy. The LSCF nanopowder consists of interconnected nanocrystallites (˜45 nm) forming a sponge-like structure with meso and macropores, being its specific surface area around 10 m2 g-1. Crystalline structural analyses show that the LSCF nanopowder presents cubic symmetry in the Pm-3m space group. By employing the spin coating technique and different thermal treatments, symmetrical cells with different electrode crystallite size (45 and 685 nm) were built, by using La0.8Sr0.2Ga0.8Mg0.2O3-δ as electrolyte. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements were performed varying temperature and pO2. The area specific resistance of the nanostructured sample (45 nm) decreases by two orders of magnitude with respect to the submicrostructured sample (685 nm), reaching values as low as 0.8 Ω cm2 at 450 °C. This improvement is attributed to the cathode morphology optimization in the nanoscale, i.e., enlargement of the exposed surface area and shortening of the oxygen diffusion paths, which reduce the polarization resistance associated to the surface exchange and O-ion bulk diffusion process.

  1. Adaptive 4-8 Texture Hierarchies

    SciTech Connect

    Hwa, L M; Duchaineau, M A; Joy, K I

    2004-08-02

    We address the texture level-of-detail problem for extremely large surfaces such as terrain during real-time, view-dependent rendering. A novel texture hierarchy is introduced based on 4-8 refinement of raster tiles, in which the texture grids in effect rotate 45 degrees for each level of refinement. This hierarchy provides twice as many levels of detail as conventional quad-tree-style refinement schemes such as mipmaps, and thus provides per-pixel view-dependent filtering that is twice as close to the ideal cutoff frequency for an average pixel. Because of this more gradual change in low-pass filtering, and due to the more precise emulation of the ideal cutoff frequency, we find in practice that the transitions between texture levels of detail are not perceptible. This allows rendering systems to avoid the complexity and performance costs of per-pixel blending between texture levels of detail. The 4-8 texturing scheme is integrated into a variant of the Real-time Optimally Adapting Meshes (ROAM) algorithm for view-dependent multiresolution mesh generation. Improvements to ROAM included here are: the diamond data structure as a streamlined replacement for the triangle bintree elements, the use of low-pass-filtered geometry patches in place of individual triangles, integration of 4-8 textures, and a simple out-of-core data access mechanism for texture and geometry tiles.

  2. Local relaxation around [6]Cr3+ in synthetic pyrope knorringite garnets, [8]Mg3[6](Al1-X CrX3+)2[4]Si3O12, from electronic absorption spectra

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taran, M. N.; Langer, K.; Abs-Wurmbach, I.; Frost, D. J.; Platonov, A. N.

    2004-12-01

    Pyrope-knorringite garnets, Mg3(Al1-X Cr3+X)2Si3O12 with X=0.25, 0.50, and 1.00, were synthesized between 9 and 16 GPa and 1300 and 1600 °C, using multianvil high-pressure techniques. The garnets with X=0.25 and 0.50 are fine-grained, pink and violet in color. The end-member knorringites with X=1.00 are black when compact and gray when coarse-grained. The fine powder is greenish gray in natural light and pale pink under a tungsten lamp. Powder remission spectra in the wavenumber range 30 000 10 000 cm-1 on finely powdered crystals were measured by two different methods: (I.) by the use of a small integrating sphere for small samples or (II.) microscope-spectrometric measurement using diffusely reflected radiation from a 45° illuminated microsample. Both methods yielded similar diffuse reflectance spectra. The following crystal-field parameters of [6]Cr3+ were determined for garnets with X=0.25, 0.50, 1.00: 10 Dq=17 856, 17 596, 17 286 cm-1; and B=654, 677, 706 cm-1; nephelauxetic ratio β=(Bfield/Bfree)= 0.71, 0.74, 0.77. The β-values indicate decreasing covalency of the Cr O bond with increasing Cr content. The 10 Dq value for together with the mean Cr O distance in end-member knorringite, 1.96 Å (Novak and Gibbs 1971), were used to calculate from the spectral data, local mean Cr O distances (Langer 2001a) as a function of composition. The results indicate relatively strong local site relaxation with a value of ɛ=0.77.

  3. 27 CFR 6.4 - Jurisdictional limits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Jurisdictional limits. 6.4 Section 6.4 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS âTIED-HOUSEâ Scope of Regulations § 6.4 Jurisdictional limits. (a) General. The regulations in this part apply where:...

  4. 27 CFR 6.4 - Jurisdictional limits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Jurisdictional limits. 6.4 Section 6.4 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ALCOHOL âTIED-HOUSEâ Scope of Regulations § 6.4 Jurisdictional limits. (a) General. The regulations in this part apply where:...

  5. 27 CFR 6.4 - Jurisdictional limits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Jurisdictional limits. 6.4 Section 6.4 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ALCOHOL âTIED-HOUSEâ Scope of Regulations § 6.4 Jurisdictional limits. (a) General. The regulations in this part apply where:...

  6. 27 CFR 6.4 - Jurisdictional limits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Jurisdictional limits. 6.4 Section 6.4 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS âTIED-HOUSEâ Scope of Regulations § 6.4 Jurisdictional limits. (a) General. The regulations in this part apply where:...

  7. 7 CFR 6.4 - Investigations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Investigations. 6.4 Section 6.4 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture IMPORT QUOTAS AND FEES General Provisions § 6.4 Investigations. (a) Section 22. The Administrator shall cause an investigation to be made whenever, based upon a...

  8. 75 FR 12804 - Withdrawal of Regulatory Guide 8.6

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-17

    ... Regulatory Guide 8.6, ``Standard Test Procedure for Geiger-M ller Counters.'' FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT... for Geiger- M ller Counters,'' published in May 1973. The NRC issued RG 8.6, for Geiger-M ller (GM) counters endorsing test procedures specified in ANSI N42.3-1969, ``Test Procedure for Geiger-M...

  9. 1 CFR 8.6 - Forms of publication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true Forms of publication. 8.6 Section 8.6 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER CODE OF... following formats: (1) Paper; (2) Microfiche; and (3) Online on GPO Access (44 US.C. 4101). (b) The...

  10. 1 CFR 8.6 - Forms of publication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Forms of publication. 8.6 Section 8.6 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER CODE OF... following formats: (1) Paper; (2) Microfiche; and (3) Online on GPO Access (44 US.C. 4101). (b) The...

  11. 1 CFR 8.6 - Forms of publication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Forms of publication. 8.6 Section 8.6 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER CODE OF... following formats: (1) Paper; (2) Microfiche; and (3) Online on GPO Access (44 US.C. 4101). (b) The...

  12. 1 CFR 8.6 - Forms of publication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Forms of publication. 8.6 Section 8.6 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER CODE OF... following formats: (1) Paper; (2) Microfiche; and (3) Online on GPO Access (44 US.C. 4101). (b) The...

  13. 1 CFR 8.6 - Forms of publication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Forms of publication. 8.6 Section 8.6 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER CODE OF... following formats: (1) Paper; (2) Microfiche; and (3) Online on GPO Access (44 US.C. 4101). (b) The...

  14. 7 CFR 6.8 - Representation at Tariff Commission hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Representation at Tariff Commission hearings. 6.8... § 6.8 Representation at Tariff Commission hearings. The Department of Agriculture shall be represented at all hearings conducted by the Tariff Commission under section 22 by persons designated by...

  15. Production of 5,8,11-Eicosatrienoic Acid (Mead Acid) by a (Delta)6 Desaturation Activity-Enhanced Mutant Derived from a (Delta)12 Desaturase-Defective Mutant of an Arachidonic Acid-Producing Fungus, Mortierella alpina 1S-4

    PubMed Central

    Kawashima, H.; Nishihara, M.; Hirano, Y.; Kamada, N.; Akimoto, K.; Konishi, K.; Shimizu, S.

    1997-01-01

    Enhanced production of 5,8,11-eicosatrienoic acid (Mead acid, 20:3(omega)9) was attained by a mutant fungus, Mortierella alpina M209-7, derived from (Delta)12 desaturase-defective M. alpina Mut48. The 20:3(omega)9 production by M209-7 was 1.3 times greater than that by its parent strain, Mut48. This is thought to be due to its enhanced (Delta)6 desaturation activity, which was 1.4 times higher than that of Mut48. In both strains, 87 to 88% of the total lipids comprised triacylglycerol (TG) and 85% of 20:3(omega)9 was contained in TG. On optimization of the culture conditions for M209-7, earlier glucose feeding and shifting of the growth temperature from 28 to 19(deg)C on the second day were shown to be effective. Under the optimal conditions with a 10-liter jar fermentor, 20:3(omega)9 production reached 1.65 g/liter of culture medium (corresponding to 118 mg/g of dry mycelia and 28.9% of total fatty acids), which is about twice that reported previously (0.8 g/liter). PMID:16535598

  16. Production of 5,8,11-Eicosatrienoic Acid (Mead Acid) by a (Delta)6 Desaturation Activity-Enhanced Mutant Derived from a (Delta)12 Desaturase-Defective Mutant of an Arachidonic Acid-Producing Fungus, Mortierella alpina 1S-4.

    PubMed

    Kawashima, H; Nishihara, M; Hirano, Y; Kamada, N; Akimoto, K; Konishi, K; Shimizu, S

    1997-05-01

    Enhanced production of 5,8,11-eicosatrienoic acid (Mead acid, 20:3(omega)9) was attained by a mutant fungus, Mortierella alpina M209-7, derived from (Delta)12 desaturase-defective M. alpina Mut48. The 20:3(omega)9 production by M209-7 was 1.3 times greater than that by its parent strain, Mut48. This is thought to be due to its enhanced (Delta)6 desaturation activity, which was 1.4 times higher than that of Mut48. In both strains, 87 to 88% of the total lipids comprised triacylglycerol (TG) and 85% of 20:3(omega)9 was contained in TG. On optimization of the culture conditions for M209-7, earlier glucose feeding and shifting of the growth temperature from 28 to 19(deg)C on the second day were shown to be effective. Under the optimal conditions with a 10-liter jar fermentor, 20:3(omega)9 production reached 1.65 g/liter of culture medium (corresponding to 118 mg/g of dry mycelia and 28.9% of total fatty acids), which is about twice that reported previously (0.8 g/liter). PMID:16535598

  17. 48 CFR 6.204 - Section 8(a) competition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Section 8(a) competition... ACQUISITION PLANNING COMPETITION REQUIREMENTS Full and Open Competition After Exclusion of Sources 6.204 Section 8(a) competition. (a) To fulfill statutory requirements relating to section 8(a) of the...

  18. 48 CFR 6.204 - Section 8(a) competition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Section 8(a) competition... ACQUISITION PLANNING COMPETITION REQUIREMENTS Full and Open Competition After Exclusion of Sources 6.204 Section 8(a) competition. (a) To fulfill statutory requirements relating to section 8(a) of the...

  19. 48 CFR 6.204 - Section 8(a) competition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Section 8(a) competition... ACQUISITION PLANNING COMPETITION REQUIREMENTS Full and Open Competition After Exclusion of Sources 6.204 Section 8(a) competition. (a) To fulfill statutory requirements relating to section 8(a) of the...

  20. 48 CFR 6.204 - Section 8(a) competition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Section 8(a) competition... ACQUISITION PLANNING COMPETITION REQUIREMENTS Full and Open Competition After Exclusion of Sources 6.204 Section 8(a) competition. (a) To fulfill statutory requirements relating to section 8(a) of the...

  1. 48 CFR 6.204 - Section 8(a) competition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Section 8(a) competition... ACQUISITION PLANNING COMPETITION REQUIREMENTS Full and Open Competition After Exclusion of Sources 6.204 Section 8(a) competition. (a) To fulfill statutory requirements relating to section 8(a) of the...

  2. 6 CFR 25.8 - Government contractor Defense.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Government contractor Defense. 25.8 Section 25.8...-TERRORISM BY FOSTERING EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGIES § 25.8 Government contractor Defense. (a) Criteria for... applicability of the government contractor defense. In determining whether to issue such Certification,...

  3. 8 CFR 1241.6 - Administrative stay of removal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 8 CFR 241.6. (b) A denial of a stay by the Department of Homeland Security shall not preclude an... a motion to reconsider as provided in 8 CFR part 1003. (c) The Service shall take all reasonable... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Administrative stay of removal....

  4. 6 CFR 25.8 - Government contractor Defense.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Government contractor Defense. 25.8 Section 25.8 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY REGULATIONS TO SUPPORT ANTI-TERRORISM BY FOSTERING EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGIES § 25.8 Government contractor Defense. (a) Criteria...

  5. 6 CFR 25.8 - Government contractor Defense.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Government contractor Defense. 25.8 Section 25.8 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY REGULATIONS TO SUPPORT ANTI-TERRORISM BY FOSTERING EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGIES § 25.8 Government contractor Defense. (a) Criteria...

  6. The Chevrel phase HgMo6S8

    PubMed Central

    Salloum, Diala; Gougeon, Patrick; Potel, Michel

    2009-01-01

    The crystal structure of HgMo6S8, mercury(II) hexa­molybdenum octa­sulfide, is based on (Mo6S8)S6 cluster units ( symmetry) inter­connected through inter­unit Mo—S bonds. The Hg2+ cations occupy large voids between the different cluster units and are covalently bonded to two S atoms. The Hg atoms and one S atom lie on sites with crystallographic and 3 symmetry, respectively. Refinement of the occupancy factor of the Hg atom led to the composition Hg0.973 (3)Mo6S8. PMID:21583726

  7. Pressure-induced colossal piezoresistance effect and the collapse of the polaronic state in the bilayer manganite (La(0.4)Pr(0.6))(1.2)Sr(1.8)Mn2O7.

    PubMed

    Thiyagarajan, R; Manivannan, N; Arumugam, S; Esakki Muthu, S; Tamilselvan, N R; Sekar, C; Yoshino, H; Murata, K; Apostu, M O; Suryanarayanan, R; Revcolevschi, A

    2012-04-01

    We have investigated the effect of hydrostatic pressure as a function of temperature on the resistivity of a single crystal of the bilayer manganite (La(0.4)Pr(0.6))(1.2)Sr(1.8)Mn(2)O(7). Whereas a strong insulating behaviour is observed at all temperatures at ambient pressure, a clear transition into a metallic-like behaviour is induced when the sample is subjected to a pressure (P) of ~1.0 GPa at T < 70 K. A huge negative piezoresistance ~10(6) in the low temperature region at moderate pressures is observed. When the pressure is increased further (5.5 GPa), the high temperature polaronic state disappears and a metallic behaviour is observed. The insulator to metal transition temperature exponentially increases with pressure and the distinct peak in the resistivity that is observed at 1.0 GPa almost vanishes for P > 7.0 GPa. A modification in the orbital occupation of the e(g) electron between 3d(x(2)-y(2)) and 3d(z(2)-r(2)) states, as proposed earlier, leading to a ferromagnetic double-exchange phenomenon, can qualitatively account for our data. PMID:22392884

  8. Interfacial Analysis of (La0.6Sr0.4)(Co0.2Fe0.8)O3-δ Substrates Wetted by Ag-CuO

    SciTech Connect

    Weil, K. Scott; Kim, Jin Yong Y.; Hardy, John S.

    2005-05-01

    Recently a new method of brazing has been developed to hermetically seal high-temperature, solid-state electrochemical devices, such as as oxygen and hydrogen separators, fuel gas reformers, solid oxide fuel cells, and chemical sensors. Based on a two-phase liquid composed of silver and copper oxide, brazing is conducted directly in air without the need of an inert cover gas or the use of surface reactive fluxes. A key issue in the development of this joining technique is understanding the effect of braze composition on wetting behavior. In the present paper we consider the wetting behaviors of two candidate braze filler materials, Ag-CuO and Ag-CuO-TiO2, on a protoypical mixed ionic/electronic conducting oxide substrate, lanthanum strontium cobalt ferrite [(La0.6Sr0.4)(Co0.2Fe0.8)O3-δ]. It was found that additions of CuO to silver exhibit a tremendous effect on both the wettability and joint strength characteristics of the subsequent braze relative to polycrystalline alumina substrates. The effect is particularly significant at low CuO content, with substantial improvements in wetting observed in the 1 – 8 mol% range. The corresponding strength of the brazed polycrystalline alumina joints appears to be maximized at a copper oxide content of 8 mol%, with a maximum room temperature flexural strength approaching that of monolithic alumina. While further increases in oxide content lead to improved wetting on polycrystalline alumina, the effect on joint strength is deleterious. It appears that the formation of a continuous brittle copper-based oxide layer along the interface between the braze and alumina faying surface is responsible for the poor mechanical behavior observed in joints fabricated with higher CuO content brazes.

  9. Synthesis and characterization of La0.6Sr0.4Fe0.8Cu0.2O3-δ oxide as cathode for Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vázquez, Santiago; Davyt, Sebastián; Basbus, Juan F.; Soldati, Analía L.; Amaya, Alejandro; Serquis, Adriana; Faccio, Ricardo; Suescun, Leopoldo

    2015-08-01

    Nanocrystalline La0.6Sr0.4Fe0.8Cu0.2O3-δ (LSFCu) material was synthetized by combustion method using EDTA as fuel/chelating agent and NH4NO3 as combustion promoter. Structural characterization using thermodiffraction data allowed to determine a reversible phase transition at 425 °C from a low temperature R-3c phase to a high temperature Pm-3m phase and to calculate the thermal expansion coefficient (TEC) of both phases. Important characteristics for cathode application as electronic conductivity and chemical compatibility with Ce0.9Gd0.1O2-δ (CGO) electrolyte were evaluated. LSFCu presented a p-type conductor behavior with maximum conductivity of 135 S cm-1 at 275 °C and showed a good stability with CGO electrolyte at high temperatures. This work confirmed that as prepared LSFCu has excellent microstructural characteristics and an electrical conductivity between 100 and 60 S cm-1 in the 500-700 °C range which is sufficiently high to work as intermediate temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (IT-SOFCs) cathode. However a change in the thermal expansion coefficient consistent with a small oxygen loss process may affect the electrode-electrolyte interface during fabrication and operation of a SOFC.

  10. Degradation of (La0.6Sr0.4)0.95(Co0.2Fe0.8)O3-δ Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathodes at the Nanometer Scale and below.

    PubMed

    Ni, Na; Cooper, Samuel J; Williams, Robert; Kemen, Nils; McComb, David W; Skinner, Stephen J

    2016-07-13

    The degradation of intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell (ITSOFC) cathodes has been identified as a major issue limiting the development of ITSOFCs as high efficiency energy conversion devices. In this work, the effect of Cr poisoning on (La0.6Sr0.4)0.95(Co0.2Fe0.8)O3-δ (LSCF6428), a particularly promising ITSOFC cathode material, was investigated on symmetrical cells using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and multiscale structural/chemical analysis by advanced electron and ion microscopy. The systematic combination of bulk and high-resolution analysis on the same cells allows, for the first time, direct correlation of Cr induced performance degradation with subtle and localized structural/chemical changes of the cathode down to the atomic scale. Up to 2 orders of magnitude reduction in conductivity, oxygen surface exchange rate, and diffusivity were observed in Cr poisoned LSCF6428 samples. These effects are associated with the formation of nanometer size SrCrO4; grain boundary segregation of Cr; enhanced B-site element exsolution (both Fe and Co); and reduction in the Fe valence, the latter two being related to Cr substitution in LSCF. The finding that significant degradation of the cathode happens before obvious microscale change points to new critical SOFC degradation mechanisms effective at the nanometer scale and below. PMID:27336290

  11. Effect of Screen-Printing Mesh Opening Diameter on Microstructural and Electrical Properties of La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3- δ Thick Films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jamale, Atul P.; Bhosale, C. H.; Jadhav, L. D.

    2016-01-01

    The performance of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) is hampered by the large polarization and ohmic losses across the cathode-electrolyte interface. To minimize these losses, in most SOFCs the cathode is obtained by thick-film deposition techniques. Since the properties of such films depend upon the starting materials and screen-printing parameters, the effect of the mesh opening diameter on the physiochemical properties of cathodes for intermediate-temperature (IT)-SOFCs has been studied. Combustion-synthesized La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3- δ powder with specific surface area of 11.64 m2 g-1 was utilized in film formation. All films were porous in nature, and the thickness was observed to increase with the mesh opening diameter. The electrical conductivity showed a decreasing trend with film thickness. Typically, film with 7 μm thickness showed moderate conductivity of 16.4 S cm-1 with E a = 0.1 eV.

  12. 8 CFR 286.6 - Maintenance of records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Maintenance of records. 286.6 Section 286.6 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS IMMIGRATION USER FEE § 286.6 Maintenance of records. Each collector and remitter shall maintain records necessary for...

  13. 8 CFR 286.6 - Maintenance of records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Maintenance of records. 286.6 Section 286.6 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS IMMIGRATION USER FEE § 286.6 Maintenance of records. Each collector and remitter shall maintain records necessary for...

  14. 8 CFR 286.6 - Maintenance of records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Maintenance of records. 286.6 Section 286.6 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS IMMIGRATION USER FEE § 286.6 Maintenance of records. Each collector and remitter shall maintain records necessary for...

  15. 8 CFR 286.6 - Maintenance of records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Maintenance of records. 286.6 Section 286.6 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS IMMIGRATION USER FEE § 286.6 Maintenance of records. Each collector and remitter shall maintain records necessary for...

  16. 8 CFR 286.6 - Maintenance of records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Maintenance of records. 286.6 Section 286.6 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS IMMIGRATION USER FEE § 286.6 Maintenance of records. Each collector and remitter shall maintain records necessary for...

  17. 8 CFR 207.6 - Control over approved refugee numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Control over approved refugee numbers. 207.6 Section 207.6 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS ADMISSION OF REFUGEES § 207.6 Control over approved refugee numbers. Current numerical accounting of approved refugees is maintained for each special...

  18. 8 CFR 287.6 - Proof of official records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Proof of official records. 287.6 Section 287.6 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS FIELD OFFICERS; POWERS AND DUTIES § 287.6 Proof of official records. (a) Domestic. In any proceeding under this...

  19. 8 CFR 287.6 - Proof of official records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Proof of official records. 287.6 Section 287.6 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS FIELD OFFICERS; POWERS AND DUTIES § 287.6 Proof of official records. (a) Domestic. In any proceeding under this...

  20. 8 CFR 1287.6 - Proof of official records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Proof of official records. 1287.6 Section 1287.6 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS FIELD OFFICERS; POWERS AND DUTIES § 1287.6 Proof of official records. (a) Domestic....

  1. 8 CFR 1287.6 - Proof of official records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Proof of official records. 1287.6 Section 1287.6 Aliens and Nationality EXECUTIVE OFFICE FOR IMMIGRATION REVIEW, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS FIELD OFFICERS; POWERS AND DUTIES § 1287.6 Proof of official records. (a) Domestic....

  2. CF, CF{sub 2} and SiF Densities in Inductively Driven Discharges Containing C{sub 2}F{sub 6}, C{sub 4}F{sub 8} and CHF{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect

    HEBNER,GREGORY A.

    2000-06-12

    Laser induced fluorescence was used to measure the spatially resolved CF, CF{sub 2} and SiF radical density in inductively driven discharges containing fluorocarbon gases. Measurements of the spatially resolved CF density were performed in C{sub 2}F{sub 6} and CHF{sub 3} containing discharges as functions of inductive power, pressure and bias condition on a silicon substrate. In addition, CF rotational temperatures were calculated, assuming saturated spectra. Measurements of the spatially resolved CF{sub 2} and SiF density were performed in C{sub 4}F{sub 8}, C{sub 2}F{sub 6} and CHF{sub 3} containing discharges as functions of inductive power, pressure and bias condition. SiF rotational temperatures were also estimated. As the induction coil power was increased, the SiF density in the center (r = 0 cm) increased while the CF{sub 2} density decreased and the CF density slightly decreased. In all cases, the radical density in the center of the glow increased with pressure changes from 5 to 30 mTorr while changes in the bias power had little influence on any of the measured radical densities. The spatial distribution of the CF and SiF density peaked in the center of the discharge. The CF{sub 2} density had a local maximum in the center of the plasma with a decreasing density at the edge of the glow. However, the CF{sub 2} density outside the glow region was a factor of 2--6 higher than the density inside the glow region, depending on the gas. CF and SiF rotational temperatures were between 450 and 750 K.

  3. 16 CFR 4.8 - Costs for obtaining Commission records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... specific services are set forth in § 4.8(b)(6). (b) Fees. User fees pursuant to 31 U.S.C. 483(a) and 5 U.S...) Educational requesters, non-commercial scientific institution requesters, and representative of the news media... to promote any particular product or industry. A representative of the news media is any...

  4. 9-(3,4-Dimeth­oxy­phen­yl)-3,4,5,6,7,9-hexa­hydroxanthene-1,8(2H)-dione

    PubMed Central

    Mehdi, Sayed Hasan; Hashim, Rokiah; Ghalib, Raza Murad; Yeap, Chin Sing; Fun, Hoong-Kun

    2011-01-01

    In the title compound, C21H22O5, the mean planes of the pyran and dimeth­oxy­phenyl rings are nearly perpendicular to one another, with the dihedral angle between them being 88.21 (8)°. The pyran ring adopts a boat conformation whereas the two fused cyclo­hexane rings adopt envelope conformations. In the crystal, mol­ecules are linked into a three-dimensional network by inter­molecular C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds. PMID:21754824

  5. The crystal structures of Ni3+xSn4Zn and Ni6+xSn8Zn and their structural relations to Ni3+xSn4, NiSn and Ni5-δZnSn4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schmetterer, Clemens; Effenberger, Herta Silvia; Rajamohan, Divakar; Flandorfer, Hans

    2016-06-01

    The crystal structures of two new compounds were determined from single-crystal X-ray diffraction measurements: Ni3+xSn4Zn, (x~1.35, a=7.110(2) Å, b=4.123(1) Å, c=10.346(3) Å, β=90.23(2)°, space group I2/m, Z=2. R1=0.025, wR2=0.059 for 748 unique reflections, 35 variable parameters) and Ni6+xSn8Zn, x~1.35 (a=12.379(3) Å, b=4.095(1) Å, c=12.155(3) Å, β=116.25(3)°, space group C2/m, Z=2. R1=0.026, wR2=0.052 for 1346 unique reflections, 60 variable parameters). In addition, a structural refinement was performed for Ni3+xSn4, x~0.13 (a=12.264(3) Å, b=4.066(1) Å, c=5.223(2) Å, β=104.85(3)°, space group C2/m, Z=2. R1=0.019, wR2=0.046 for 617 unique reflections, 29 variable parameters). The three compounds show pronounced similarities among each other as well as to the crystal structures of surrounding binary Ni-Sn and ternary Ni-Sn-Zn compounds. In particular, the two new compounds form a homologous series with Ni3+xSn4, x~0.13. They contain "Ni4Sn4" and "Ni2Sn4" building blocks which by different interconnection build up the distinct structures. Topological relations with NiSn and Ni5-δSn4Zn, δ~0.25 are evident.

  6. N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-N,2-dimethyl-8-{[(4R)-5-methyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-chromen-4-yl]amino}imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine-6-carboxamide (PF-03716556), a novel, potent, and selective acid pump antagonist for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease.

    PubMed

    Mori, Hiroki; Tonai-Kachi, Hiroko; Ochi, Yasuo; Taniguchi, Yasuhito; Ohshiro, Hiroyuki; Takahashi, Nobuyuki; Aihara, Takeshi; Hirao, Akiko; Kato, Teruhisa; Sakakibara, Minoru; Kurebayashi, Yoichi

    2009-02-01

    Inhibition of H(+),K(+)-ATPase is accepted as the most effective way of controlling gastric acid secretion. However, current acid suppressant therapy for gastroesophageal reflux disease, using histamine H(2) receptor antagonists and proton pump inhibitors, does not fully meet the needs of all patients because of their mechanism of action. This study sought to characterize the in vitro and in vivo pharmacology of a novel acid pump antagonist, N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-N,2-dimethyl-8-{[(4R)-5-methyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-chromen-4-yl]amino}imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine-6-carboxamide (PF-03716556), and to compare it with other acid suppressants. Porcine, canine, and human recombinant gastric H(+),K(+)-ATPase activities were measured by ion-leaky and ion-tight assay. The affinities for a range of receptors, ion channels, and enzymes were determined to analyze selectivity profile. Acid secretion in Ghosh-Schild rats and Heidenhain pouch dogs were measured by titrating perfusate and gastric juice samples. PF-03716556 demonstrated 3-fold greater inhibitory activity than 5,6-dimethyl-2-(4-fluorophenylamino)-4-(1-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-2-yl)pyrimidine (revaprazan), the only acid pump antagonist that has been available on the market, in ion-tight assay. The compound did not display any species differences, exhibiting highly selective profile including the canine kidney Na(+),K(+)-ATPase. Kinetics experiments revealed that PF-03716556 has a competitive and reversible mode of action. More rapid onset of action than 5-methoxy-2-{[(4-methoxy-3,5-dimethyl-2-pyridyl)methyl]-sulfinyl}-benzimidazole (omeprazole) and 3-fold greater potency than revaprazan were observed in Ghosh-Schild rats and Heidenhain pouch dogs. PF-03716556, a novel acid pump antagonist, could improve upon or even replace current pharmacological treatment for gastroesophageal reflux disease. PMID:18981288

  7. exo,exo-4-(2-Hy­droxy­eth­yl)-10-oxa-4-aza­tricyclo­[5.2.1.02,6]dec-8-ene-3,5-dione

    PubMed Central

    Tan, Xue-Jie; Li, Chen-Guang; Xing, Dian-Xiang; Liu, Yun

    2012-01-01

    In the crystal of the title compound, C10H11NO4, the hy­droxy group forms an O—H⋯Ocarbon­yl hydrogen bond with an adjacent molecule, so forming chains which extend along (010). Further weak C—H⋯O hydrogen-bonding associations give an infinite three-dimensional network structure. PMID:22412720

  8. Cobalt-iron red-ox behavior in nanostructured La{sub 0.4}Sr{sub 0.6}Co{sub 0.8}Fe{sub 0.2}O{sub 3-{delta}} cathodes

    SciTech Connect

    Soldati, Analia L.; Baque, Laura; Napolitano, Federico; Serquis, Adriana

    2013-02-15

    Nano-sized La{sub 0.4}Sr{sub 0.6}Co{sub 0.8}Fe{sub 0.2}O{sub 3-{delta}} (LSCF) perovskite samples (prepared by a conventional acetate route and a novel acetate synthesis with HMTA additives), were tested simulating a red-ox cycle. The crystallography was studied by X-ray Powder Diffraction (XPD) and the changes in the oxidation state of the perovskite B-site were evaluated by synchrotron X-ray Absorption Near Edge Spectroscopy (XANES). After a reducing treatment, LSFC particles show the appearance of a new phase that coexists with the original one. The structural change is accompanied by a Co and Fe formal oxidation states decrease, although Fe remains always closer to 4+ and Co closer to 3+. The treatment produces a B-site valence average reduction from 3.52+ to 3.26+ and the formation of oxygen vacancies. A re-oxidation treatment under O{sub 2} rich atmosphere at 800 Degree-Sign C for 10 h shows that the change is reversible and independent of the two chemical methods used to synthesize the LSCF nano-particles. - Graphical abstract: XANES and XPD measurements in nanostructured LSCF before (black) and after (red/green) a red/ox cycle. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Red-ox treatments in LSCF nano-particles cause a reversible reaction. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer XPD analyses show that a new 'reduced' phase coexist with the oxidize one. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The B-site formal oxidation state decreases and the {delta} increases upon reduction. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Fe remains in a higher valence (closer to 4+) than Co (close to 3+). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The behavior seems to be independent of the synthesis method used.

  9. Final analysis of proton form factor ratio data at Q2 = 4.0, 4.8, and 5.6 GeV2

    SciTech Connect

    Puckett, A. J. R.; Brash, E. J.; Gayou, O.; Jones, M. K.; Pentchev, L.; Perdrisat, C. F.; Punjabi, V.; Aniol, K. A.; Averett, T.; Benmokhtar, F.; Bertozzi, W.; Bimbot, L.; Calarco, J. R.; Cavata, C.; Chai, Z.; Chang, C. -C.; Chang, T.; Chen, J. P.; Chudakov, E.; De Leo, R.; Dieterich, S.; Endres, R.; Epstein, M. B.; Escoffier, S.; Fissum, K. G.; Fonvieille, H.; Frullani, S.; Gao, J.; Garibaldi, F.; Gilad, S.; Gilman, R.; Glamazdin, A.; Glashausser, C.; Gomez, J.; Hansen, J. -O.; Higinbotham, D.; Huber, G. M.; Iodice, M.; de Jager, C. W.; Jiang, X.; Khandaker, M.; Kozlov, S.; Kramer, K. M.; Kumbartzki, G.; LeRose, J. J.; Lhuillier, D.; Lindgren, R. A.; Liyanage, N.; Lolos, G. J.; Margaziotis, D. J.; Marie, F.; Markowitz, P.; McCormick, K.; Michaels, R.; Milbrath, B. D.; Nanda, S. K.; Neyret, D.; Piskunov, N. M.; Ransome, R. D.; Raue, B. A.; Roché, R.; Rvachev, M.; Salgado, C.; Sirca, S.; Sitnik, I.; Strauch, S.; Todor, L.; Tomasi-Gustafsson, E.; Urciuoli, G. M.; Voskanyan, H.; Wijesooriya, K.; Wojtsekhowski, B. B.; Zheng, X.; Zhu, L.

    2012-04-11

    Recently published measurements of the proton electromagnetic form factor ratio R = μp GEp/GMp at momentum transfers Q2 up to 8.5 GeV2 in Jefferson Lab Hall C deviate from the linear trend of previous measurements in Jefferson Lab Hall A, favoring a slower rate of decrease of R with Q2. While statistically compatible in the region of overlap with Hall A, the Hall C data hint at a systematic difference between the two experiments. This possibility was investigated in a reanalysis of the Hall A data. We find that the original analysis underestimated the background in the selection of elastic events. The application of an additional cut to further suppress the background increases the results for R, improving the consistency between Halls A and C.

  10. Photocopy of "sheet 6 of 8" showing cross section of ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of "sheet 6 of 8" showing cross section of house, front elevation, fire finder stand, hip roof cap, and shiplap roof sheathing. - Badger Mountain Lookout, .125 mile northwest of Badger Mountain summit, East Wenatchee, Douglas County, WA

  11. K8(K5F)U6Si8O40: An Intergrowth Uranyl Silicate.

    PubMed

    Morrison, Gregory; Tran, T Thao; Halasyamani, P Shiv; Zur Loye, Hans-Conrad

    2016-04-01

    Single crystals of K8(K5F)U6Si8O40 were grown from a mixed alkali halide flux. K8(K5F)U6Si8O40 is the first intergrowth uranyl silicate, being composed of alternating slabs related to two previously reported uranyl silicates: Cs2USiO6 and [Na9F2][(UO2)(UO2)2(Si2O7)2]. It exhibits intense luminescence, which is influenced by the [(UO2)2O] dimers present in the structure. PMID:26974872

  12. 5-Hydroxy-3,6,7,8,3',4'-hexamethoxyflavone, a polymethoxyflavone, exerts antitumor effect on PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in human gastric cancer cell BGC-7901.

    PubMed

    Wang, Xinjian; Xia, Min

    2016-10-01

    5-Hydroxy-3,6,7,8,3',4'-hexamethoxyflavone (5HHMF), a polymethoxyflavone (PMF) mainly found in citrus plants, exhibits excellent physiological functions. In this study, we aimed to investigate the anticancer activity of 5HHMF against human gastric cancer cell BGC-7901 both in vitro and in vivo and illustrate the potential mechanisms. The proliferation of BGC-7901 cells was assessed by MTT assay. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) level was determined by ELISA kit. The protein expression was determined by western blot analysis. Antitumor activity of 5HHMF in vivo was evaluated in BALB/c nude mice. The results showed that treatment with 5HHMF significantly suppressed BGC-7901 cells proliferation, increased ROS generation, and upregulated cytochrome c release from the mitochondria to the cytosol. Western blot analysis demonstrated that 5HHMF significantly downregulated the expression of procaspase-3, procaspase-9, and PARP and upregulated cleaved caspase-3, cleaved caspase-9, cleaved PARP, and Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. Meanwhile, 5HHMF treatment markedly decreased the expression of PI3K and p-Akt. In addition, 5HHMF effectively inhibited tumor growth in xenograft models in BALB/c nude mice without major side action. In summary, 5HHMF-induced apoptosis via targeting PI3K/Akt, indicating 5HHMF is a potential antitumor agent for gastric cancer. PMID:26671739

  13. Operando and in situ X-ray spectroscopies of degradation in La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O(3-δ) thin film cathodes in fuel cells.

    PubMed

    Lai, Samson Y; Ding, Dong; Liu, Mingfei; Liu, Meilin; Alamgir, Faisal M

    2014-11-01

    Information from ex situ characterization can fall short in describing complex materials systems simultaneously exposed to multiple external stimuli. Operando X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) was used to probe the local atomistic and electronic structure of specific elements in a La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O(3-δ) (LSCF) thin film cathode exposed to air contaminated with H2O and CO2 under operating conditions. While impedance spectroscopy showed that the polarization resistance of the LSCF cathode increased upon exposure to both contaminants at 750 °C, XAS near-edge and extended fine structure showed that the degree of oxidation for Fe and Co decreases with increasing temperature. Synchrotron-based X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy tracked the formation and removal of a carbonate species, a Co phase, and different oxygen moieties as functions of temperature and gas. The combined information provides insight into the fundamental mechanism by which H2O and CO2 cause degradation in the cathode of solid oxide fuel cells. PMID:25205041

  14. Improving La0.6Sr0.4Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ infiltrated solid oxide fuel cell cathode performance through precursor solution desiccation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burye, Theodore E.; Nicholas, Jason D.

    2015-02-01

    Here, for the first time, the average size of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) electrode nano-particles was reduced through the chemical desiccation of infiltrated precursor nitrate solutions. Specifically, after firing at 700 °C, CaCl2-desiccated La0.6Sr0.4Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ (LSCF) - Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 (GDC) cathodes contained LSCF infiltrate particles with an average size of 22 nm. This is in contrast to comparable, undesiccated LSCF-GDC cathodes which contained LSCF infiltrate particles with an average size of 48 nm. X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and controlled atmosphere electrochemical impedance spectroscopy revealed that desiccation reduced the average infiltrate particle size without altering the infiltrate phase purity, the cathode concentration polarization resistance, or the cathode electronic resistance. Compared to undesiccated LSCF-GDC cathodes achieving polarization resistances of 0.10 Ωcm2 at 640 °C, comparable CaCl2-dessicated LSCF-GDC cathodes achieved 0.10 Ωcm2 at 575 °C. Mathematical modeling suggested that these performance improvements resulted solely from average infiltrate particle size reductions.

  15. Mechanism and kinetics of carbide dissolution in near alpha Ti-5.6Al-4.8Sn-2Zr-1Mo-0.35Si-0.7Nd titanium alloy

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, S.Z.; Li, M.M.; Yang, R.

    2011-12-15

    The present work evaluates the influence of bulk carbon content and aging temperature on the stability of carbide in near alpha Ti-5.6Al-4.8Sn-2Zr-1Mo-0.35Si-0.7Nd titanium alloy. The carbide particles were formed during heat treatment in the {beta} phase field and preserved by water quenching. Subsequent aging treatments at 750-850 Degree-Sign C caused partial dissolution of these precipitates, as a result of the peritectoid reaction between the {beta} phase and carbide. The models based on interface reaction controlled dissolution, via uniform atomic detachment, dislocation mechanism or vacancy flow, yielded experimental predictions comparable to the observed dissolution kinetics. Furnace cooling after heat treatment in the {beta} phase field dissolved carbide particles completely, and the microstructure changed from acicular-like or block {alpha} to equiaxed {alpha} with increase of carbon content. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Carbide dissolution occurs at precipitate/matrix interfaces, forming {beta}-depleted zone. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Peritectoid reaction is responsible for drastic reduction of carbide volume fraction. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Slower dissolution rate is accounted by dislocation, vacancy flow, and curvature. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Lamellar changed to equiaxed {alpha} with increasing carbon from {beta} furnace cooling.

  16. Effect of atmospheric CO2 on surface segregation and phase formation in La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ thin films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Yang; Luo, Heng; Cetin, Deniz; Lin, Xi; Ludwig, Karl; Pal, Uday; Gopalan, Srikanth; Basu, Soumendra

    2014-12-01

    The effects of atmospheric CO2 on surface segregation and phase formation in La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ (LSCF-6428) were investigated. (0 0 1)-oriented LSCF-6428 thin films were deposited on lattice matched (1 1 0)-oriented NdGaO3 (NGO) substrates by pulsed laser deposition (PLD). Using the synchrotron technique of total reflection X-ray fluorescence (TXRF), it was found that the kinetics of Sr surface segregation was enhanced when annealing at 800 °C in a high-CO2 partial pressure, as compared to a similar anneal in a CO2-free atmosphere, with the oxygen partial pressure being constant in both cases. Hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES) measurements showed that the contribution of the surface carbonate to surface oxide phases increased significantly for the sample annealed in the high-CO2 atmosphere. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) studies showed enhanced surface phase formation during the high-CO2 partial pressure anneal. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations provide a thermodynamic basis for the enhanced kinetics of surface segregation in the presence of atmospheric CO2.

  17. Effects of Cudrania tricuspidata Fruit Extract and Its Active Compound, 5,7,3',4'-Tetrahydroxy-6,8-diprenylisoflavone, on the High-Affinity IgE Receptor-Mediated Activation of Syk in Mast Cells.

    PubMed

    Lee, Taehun; Kwon, Jaeyoung; Lee, Dongho; Mar, Woongchon

    2015-06-10

    Cudrania tricuspidata fruit extract contains a rich source of prenylated flavonoids with potential antiatherosclerotic, hepatoprotective, and anti-inflammatory properties. However, the effect of C. tricuspidata fruit extracts and its active compounds on the high-affinity IgE receptor (FcεRI)-mediated signaling remains unknown. In the present study, the effect of methanol extract from the fruits of C. tricuspidata (MFC) and its active compound, 5,7,3',4'-tetrahydroxy-6,8-diprenylisoflavone (THDPI), on FcεRI-mediated signaling in mast cells was investigated. MFC and THDPI suppressed mast cell degranulation and Ca(2+) influx. MFC also interfered with IgE-FcεRI interaction and decreased FcεRIβ mRNA expression in mast cells. Furthermore, MFC and THDPI inhibited the phosphorylation of Syk, LAT, and PLCγ and F-actin redistribution. These results indicate that MFC and its active compound, THDPI, inhibit mast cell activation through the inhibition of FcεRI-mediated Syk activation, suggesting a therapeutic potential for controlling mast cell activation in inflammatory and/or allergic processes. PMID:25989241

  18. Nano-ceria pre-infiltration improves La0.6Sr0.4Co0.8Fe0.2O3-x infiltrated Solid Oxide Fuel Cell cathode performance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burye, Theodore E.; Nicholas, Jason D.

    2015-12-01

    Here, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and thermo-gravimetric analysis experiments show that the pre-infiltration of Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 (GDC) nano-particles reduces the average size of La0.6Sr0.4Co0.8Fe0.2O3-x (LSCF) produced from the subsequent infiltration of precursor nitrate solutions containing the surfactant Triton X-100 or the chelating agent citric acid. In contrast, GDC pre-infiltration has no effect on the average size of LSCF particles produced from precursor solutions containing only lanthanum, strontium, cobalt, and iron nitrate. Consistent with the observed particle size trends, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements show that GDC pre-infiltration improves the performance of Triton X-100 Derived (TXD) LSCF-GDC cathodes and Citric Acid Derived (CAD) LSCF-GDC cathodes, but has no effect on the performance of Pure Nitrate Derived (PND) LSCF-GDC cathodes. In particular, TXD LSCF-GDC cathodes with more than ∼5 vol% of GDC pre-infiltration display average LSCF particle sizes of 21 nm and open-circuit polarization resistance values of 0.10 Ωcm2 at 540 °C, compared to 48 nm and 640 °C without GDC pre-infiltration. Results suggest that this 100 °C reduction in cathode operating temperature is caused solely by LSCF particle size reductions. 7.4 vol% GDC pre-infiltrated TXD LSCF-GDC cathodes also display lower 540 °C degradation rates than conventionally infiltrated PND LSCF-GDC cathodes.

  19. Nano-ceria pre-infiltration improves La0.6Sr0.4Co0.8Fe0.2O3-x infiltrated Solid Oxide Fuel Cell cathode performance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burye, Theodore E.; Nicholas, Jason D.

    2015-12-01

    Here, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and thermo-gravimetric analysis experiments show that the pre-infiltration of Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 (GDC) nano-particles reduces the average size of La0.6Sr0.4Co0.8Fe0.2O3-x (LSCF) produced from the subsequent infiltration of precursor nitrate solutions containing the surfactant Triton X-100 or the chelating agent citric acid. In contrast, GDC pre-infiltration has no effect on the average size of LSCF particles produced from precursor solutions containing only lanthanum, strontium, cobalt, and iron nitrate. Consistent with the observed particle size trends, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements show that GDC pre-infiltration improves the performance of Triton X-100 Derived (TXD) LSCF-GDC cathodes and Citric Acid Derived (CAD) LSCF-GDC cathodes, but has no effect on the performance of Pure Nitrate Derived (PND) LSCF-GDC cathodes. In particular, TXD LSCF-GDC cathodes with more than ˜5 vol% of GDC pre-infiltration display average LSCF particle sizes of 21 nm and open-circuit polarization resistance values of 0.10 Ωcm2 at 540 °C, compared to 48 nm and 640 °C without GDC pre-infiltration. Results suggest that this 100 °C reduction in cathode operating temperature is caused solely by LSCF particle size reductions. 7.4 vol% GDC pre-infiltrated TXD LSCF-GDC cathodes also display lower 540 °C degradation rates than conventionally infiltrated PND LSCF-GDC cathodes.

  20. Chromium deposition and poisoning at La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O(3-δ) oxygen electrodes of solid oxide electrolysis cells.

    PubMed

    Wei, Bo; Chen, Kongfa; Zhao, Ling; Lü, Zhe; Jiang, San Ping

    2015-01-21

    The degradation of solid oxide electrolysis cells (SOECs) is an issue of both scientific and technical importance. In this study, chromium deposition and poisoning at the La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O(3-δ) (LSCF) anode or the oxygen electrode of SOECs are studied for the first time under a current density of 200 mA cm(-2) at 900 and 800 °C. After polarization in the presence of the Fe-Cr interconnect at 900 °C for 20 h, electrode polarization resistance and overpotential of the O2 evolution reaction (OER) on the LSCF electrode are 0.413 Ω cm(-2) and 127 mV, respectively, which is nearly 7 and 18 times the initial values of the electrode before the polarization. Significant performance degradation was also observed for the reaction at 800 °C in the presence of the Fe-Cr alloy. XRD and XPS analyses clearly identified the deposition of SrCrO4, CrO2.5 and Cr2O3 phases on the surface of LSCF oxygen electrodes and their formation is closely related to the increased segregation of the SrO species under anodic polarization conditions. Sr segregation leads to Sr deficiency at the A-site, thus deteriorating the electrocatalytic activity of the LSCF oxygen electrodes for OER. The results indicate that Cr deposition is essentially a chemical reaction and is initiated by the nucleation reaction between the gaseous Cr species and segregated SrO on the surface region of the LSCF oxygen electrode. PMID:25435014