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Sample records for 6061-t6511 astm b-221

  1. Penetration Experiments with 6061-T6511 Aluminum Targets and Spherical-Nose Steel Projectiles at Striking Velocities Between 0.5 and 3.0 km/s

    SciTech Connect

    Forrestal, M.J.; Piekutowski, A.J.

    1999-02-04

    We conducted depth of penetration experiments with 7.11-mm-diameter, 74.7-mm-long, spherical-nose, 4340 steel projectiles launched into 250-mm-diameter, 6061-T6511 aluminum targets. To show the effect of projectile strength, we used projectiles that had average Rockwell harnesses of R{sub c} = 36.6, 39.5, and 46.2. A powder gun and two-stage, light-gas guns launched the 0.023 kg projectiles at striking velocities between 0.5 and 3.0 km/s. Post-test radiographs of the targets showed three response regions as striking velocities increased: (1) the projectiles remained visibly undeformed, (2) the projectiles permanently deformed without erosion, and (3) the projectiles eroded and lost mass. To show the effect of projectile strength, we compared depth-of-penetration data as a function of striking velocity for spherical-nose rods with three Rockwell harnesses at striking velocities ranging from 0.5 to 3.0 km/s. To show the effect of nose shape, we compared penetration data for the spherical-nose projectiles with previously published data for ogive-nose projectiles.

  2. First Cavanaugh Award given by ASTM

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    With the unanimous approval of the Board of Directors of the American Society for Testing and Materials, Ivan Johnson of A. Ivan Johnson, Inc., Arvada, Colo., received the first William T. Cavanaugh Memorial Award which recognizes outstanding eminence in the national and international voluntary standards field. This is the highest award offered by ASTM and carries with it the title of ASTM Honorary Member.The award was presented by ASTM Chairman of the Board Wayne France (General Motors Research Laboratories, Warren, Mich.) during an ASTM meeting in Albuquerque, N.Mex. in January. Pictured, left to right, are Joseph O'Grady (President, ASTM), Johnson, and Wayne Francis.

  3. ASTM Validates Air Pollution Test Methods

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chemical and Engineering News, 1973

    1973-01-01

    The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) has validated six basic methods for measuring pollutants in ambient air as the first part of its Project Threshold. Aim of the project is to establish nationwide consistency in measuring pollutants; determining precision, accuracy and reproducibility of 35 standard measuring methods. (BL)

  4. Upgrading UNLV's ASTM E477 test facility to meet the current requirements of ASTM E477

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fojas, Ronn Reinier

    A by-product of Heating, Ventilation, and Air-conditioning (HVAC) systems is noise that is produced by fans, compressors, and other related equipments and the noises from the turbulence that is created by moving air. Sometimes, it is impractical to modify the sources of the noise, which requires designers to modify the path of the noise, the duct system. These modifications might include installing an in-duct silencer or acoustical lining on the inside walls of the ducts. The testing and the precise quantification of the performance of these silencers and duct linings are necessary for any designer to be able to make the correct modifications to the ventilation system. The ASTM E477 code calls for strict standardization of the testing of such noise attenuation devices. The ASTM E477 test facility used by the Center for Mechanical & Environmental Systems Technology (CMEST) at UNLV was first constructed in 1991 and required upgrades to meet the newer revisions of the ASTM code. This study includes making modifications to the facility (1) to increase sound input, (2) reduce sound leakage, and (3) to integrate the measurement systems. These upgrades will bring the facility into compliance with the current version of the ASTM E477 test standard.

  5. ASTM/NBS base stock consistency study

    SciTech Connect

    Frassa, K.A.

    1980-11-01

    This paper summarizes the scope of a cooperative ASTM/NBS program established in June 1979. The contemplated study will ascertain the batch-to-batch consistency of re-refined and virgin base stocks manufactured by various processes. For one year, approximately eight to ten different base stocks samples, will be obtained by NBS every two weeks. One set of bi-monthly samples will be forwarded to each participant, on a coded basis monthly. Seven to eight samples will be obtained from six different re-refining processes and two virgin oil samples from a similar manufacturing process. The participants will report their results on a monthly basis. The second set of samples will be retained by NBS for an interim monthly sample study, if required, based on data analysis. Each sample's properties will be evaluated using various physical tests, chemical tests, and bench tests. The total testing program should define the batch-to-batch base stock consistency short of engine testing.

  6. ASTM standard only sets minimum site assessment criteria

    SciTech Connect

    Lehnertz, P. ); Lipscomb, R. )

    1993-08-01

    No environmental legislation has created more anxiety about environmental liability than the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA). By applying such concepts as strict, joint and several liability, the statute greatly magnifies the potential legal and financial risks associated with participation in a hazardous waste site. The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM; Philadelphia) in June 1992 drafted ASTM 50.02, a working document titled Subcommittee on environmental assessments for commercial real estate.'' The society's membership approved the document in April. Considering ASTM's record of establishing industry standards in a variety of areas, the document may become the de facto standard for environmental assessments. As such, it would represent the minimum effort required to establish exercise of due diligence in assessing property before purchase.

  7. Standard classification of coals by rank. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-11-01

    This classification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee D-5 on Coal and Coke and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee D05.18 on Classification of Coals. The current edition was approved on Sep. 10, 1998. It was published in November 1998. It was originally published as D 388-34T. The last previous edition D 388-98.

  8. Standard terminology of coal and coke. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-05-01

    This terminology is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee D-5 on Coal and Coke and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee D05.02 on Nomenclature, Definitions and Editorial. The current edition was approved on March 10, 1998, and published May 1998. It was originally published as D 121-21T. The last previous edition was D 121-95.

  9. Standard specification for glass fiber felt thermal insulation. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1997-01-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee C-16 on Thermal Insulation and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee C16.23 on Blanket and Loose Fill Insulation. Current edition approved Dec. 10, 1996. Published January 1997. Originally published as C 1086-87. Last previous edition was C 1086-90a.

  10. Standard specification for nuclear grade hafnium oxide pellets. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-05-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee C-26 on Nuclear Fuel Cycle and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee C26.03 on Neutron Absorber Materials Specifications. Current edition approved May 10, 1997. Published May 1998. Originally published as C 1076-87. Last previous edition C 1076-92.

  11. HACCP: Integrating Science and Management through ASTM Standards

    EPA Science Inventory

    From a technical perspective, hazard analysis-critical control point (HACCP) evaluation may be considered a risk management tool suited to a wide range of applications. As one outcome of a symposium convened by American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) in August, 2005, th...

  12. Verification of the ASTM G-124 Purge Equation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Robbins, Katherine E.; Davis, Samuel Eddie

    2009-01-01

    ASTM G-124 seeks to evaluate combustion characteristics of metals in high-purity (greater than 99%) oxygen atmospheres. ASTM G-124 provides the following equation to determine the minimum number of purges required to reach this level of purity in a test chamber: n = -4/log10(Pa/Ph), where "n" is the total number of purge cycles required, Ph is the absolute pressure used for the purge on each cycle and Pa is the atmospheric pressure or the vent pressure. The origin of this equation is not known and has been the source of frequent questions as to its accuracy and reliability. This paper shows the derivation of the G-124 purge equation, and experimentally explores the equation to determine if it accurately predicts the number of cycles required.

  13. ASTM standards for fire debris analysis: a review.

    PubMed

    Stauffer, Eric; Lentini, John J

    2003-03-12

    The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) recently updated its standards E 1387 and E 1618 for the analysis of fire debris. The changes in the classification of ignitable liquids are presented in this review. Furthermore, a new standard on extraction of fire debris with solid phase microextraction (SPME) was released. Advantages and drawbacks of this technique are presented and discussed. Also, the standard on cleanup by acid stripping has not been reapproved. Fire debris analysts that use the standards should be aware of these changes.

  14. Overview (this manuscript is an overview of an ASTM ...

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    The Symposium on Developing Consensus Standards for Measuring Chemical Emissions from Spray Polyurethane Foam (SPF) Insulation was held on April 30th and May 1, 2015. Sponsored by ASTM Committee D22 on Air Quality, the symposium was held in Anaheim, CA, in conjunction with the standards development meetings of the Committee. ASTM D22.05 is developing tools to answer fundamental questions: what is emitted from SPF, how long do the emissions persist, how does ventilation impact concentrations and potential exposures? How can we model these processes to address the multiplicity of products, applications, and environmental conditions that may impact exposure to emissions over the life cycle of the material? These are complex and interrelated questions that have challenged the indoor environments research community for many years. Objectives of Symposium: Standardized methods are needed to assess the potential impacts of SPF insulation products on indoor air quality, establish re-entry times for trade workers or re-occupancy times for building occupants after product installation and to evaluate post-occupancy ventilation. The objective of the symposium was to provide a forum for the exchange of ideas from SPF manufacturers, regulatory agencies, indoor air quality professionals, testing labs, air quality consultants, instrument vendors and other stakeholders. Following the presentations on the current status of measuring emissions from SPF insulation, participants di

  15. Standard test method for vinyl chloride in workplace atmospheres (charcoal tube method). ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-07-01

    This test method is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee D-22 on Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee D22.04 on Workplace Atmospheres. Current edition approved May 10, 1998. Published July 1998. Originally published as D 4766-88. Last previous edition D 4766-88(1993). Copyright American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA, 19428, USA. This document is available from NTIS under license from ASTM.

  16. Mobile robot and mobile manipulator research towards ASTM standards development

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bostelman, Roger; Hong, Tsai; Legowik, Steven

    2016-05-01

    Performance standards for industrial mobile robots and mobile manipulators (robot arms onboard mobile robots) have only recently begun development. Low cost and standardized measurement techniques are needed to characterize system performance, compare different systems, and to determine if recalibration is required. This paper discusses work at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and within the ASTM Committee F45 on Driverless Automatic Guided Industrial Vehicles. This includes standards for both terminology, F45.91, and for navigation performance test methods, F45.02. The paper defines terms that are being considered. Additionally, the paper describes navigation test methods that are near ballot and docking test methods being designed for consideration within F45.02. This includes the use of low cost artifacts that can provide alternatives to using relatively expensive measurement systems.

  17. Interpreting the ASTM 'content standard for digital geospatial metadata'

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Nebert, Douglas D.

    1996-01-01

    ASTM and the Federal Geographic Data Committee have developed a content standard for spatial metadata to facilitate documentation, discovery, and retrieval of digital spatial data using vendor-independent terminology. Spatial metadata elements are identifiable quality and content characteristics of a data set that can be tied to a geographic location or area. Several Office of Management and Budget Circulars and initiatives have been issued that specify improved cataloguing of and accessibility to federal data holdings. An Executive Order further requires the use of the metadata content standard to document digital spatial data sets. Collection and reporting of spatial metadata for field investigations performed for the federal government is an anticipated requirement. This paper provides an overview of the draft spatial metadata content standard and a description of how the standard could be applied to investigations collecting spatially-referenced field data.

  18. 76 FR 34252 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993; ASTM...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-13

    ... International Standards Notice is hereby given that, on May 11, 2011, pursuant to Section 6(a) of the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993, 15 U.S.C. 4301 et seq. (``the Act''), ASTM International Standards (``ASTM'') has filed written notifications simultaneously with the Attorney General and...

  19. Laser-induced damage in optical materials: sixteenth ASTM symposium.

    PubMed

    Bennett, H E; Guenther, A H; Milam, D; Newnam, B E

    1987-03-01

    The Sixteenth Annual Symposium on Optical Materials for High Power Lasers (Boulder Damage Symposium) was held at the National Bureau of Standards in Boulder, CO, 15-17 Oct. 1984. The Symposium was held under the auspices of ASTM Committee F-1, Subcommittee on Laser Standards, with the joint sponsorship of NBS, the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency, the Department of Energy, the Office of Naval Research, and the Air Force Office of Scientific Research. Approximately 180 scientists attended the Symposium, including representatives from England, France, The Netherlands, Scotland, and West Germany. The Symposium was divided into sessions concerning Materials and Measurements, Mirrors and Surfaces, Thin Films, and Fundamental Mechanisms. As in previous years, the emphasis of the papers presented at the Symposium was directed toward new frontiers and new developments. Particular emphasis was given to materials for high-power apparatus. The wavelength range of prime interest was from 10.6,microm to the UV region. Highlights included surface characterization, thin-film-substrate boundaries, and advances in fundamental laser-matter threshold interactions and mechanisms. Harold E. Bennett of the U.S. Naval Weapons Center, Arthur H. Guenther of the U.S. Air Force Weapons Laboratory, David Milam of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and Brian E. Newnam of the Los Alamos National Laboratory were cochairmen of the Symposium.

  20. Laser induced damage in optical materials: ninth ASTM symposium.

    PubMed

    Glass, A J; Guenther, A H

    1978-08-01

    The Ninth Annual Symposium on Optical Materials for High Power Lasers (Boulder Damage Symposium) was held at the National Bureau of Standards in Boulder, Colorado, 4-6 October 1977. The symposium was under the auspices of ASTM Committee F-1, Subcommittee on Laser Standards, with the joint sponsorship of NBS, the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency, the Department of Energy (formerly ERDA), and the Office of Naval Research. About 185 scientists attended, including representatives of the United Kingdom, France, Canada, Australia, Union of South Africa, and the Soviet Union. The Symposium was divided into sessions concerning Laser Windows and Materials, Mirrors and Surfaces, Thin Films, Laser Glass and Glass Lasers, and Fundamental Mechanisms. As in previous years, the emphasis of the papers was directed toward new frontiers and new developments. Particular emphasis was given to materials for use from 10.6 microm to the uv region. Highlights included surface characterization, thin film-substrate boundaries, and advances in fundamental laser-matter threshold interactions and mechanisms. The scaling of damage thresholds with pulse duration, focal area, and wavelength were also discussed. Alexander J. Glass of Lawrence Livermore Laboratory and Arthur H. Guenther of the Air Force Weapons Laboratory were co-chairpersons. The Tenth Annual Symposium is scheduled for 12-14 September 1978 at the National Bureau of Standards, Boulder, Colorado.

  1. Laser induced damage in optical materials: 8th ASTM symposium.

    PubMed

    Glass, A J; Guenther, A H

    1977-05-01

    The Eighth Annual Symposium on Optical Materials for High Power Lasers (Boulder Damage Symposium) was hosted by the National Bureau of Standards in Boulder, Colorado, from 13 to 15 July 1976. The Symposium was held under the auspices of ASTM Committee F-1, Subcommittee on Laser Standards, with the joint sponsorship of NBS, the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency, the Energy Research and Development Administration, and the Office of Naval Research. About 160 scientists attended the Symposium, including representatives of the United Kingdom, France, Canada, and Brazil. The Symposium was divided into five half-day sessions concerning Bulk Material Properties and Thermal Behavior, Mirrors and Surfaces, Thin Film Properties, Thin Film Damage, and Scaling Laws and Fundamental Mechanisms. As in previous years, the emphasis of the papers presented at the Symposium was directed toward new frontiers and new developments. Particular emphasis was given to new materials for use at 10.6 microm in mirror substrates, windo s, and coatings. New techniques in film deposition and advances in diamond-turning of optics were described. The scaling of damage thresholds with pulse duration, focal area, and wavelength were discussed. Alexander J. Glass of Lawrence Livermore Laboratory and Arthur H. Guenther of the Air Force Weapons Laboratory were co-chairpersons of the Symposium. The Ninth Annual Symposium is scheduled for 4-6 October 1977 at the National Bureau of Standards, Boulder, Colorado.

  2. Fracture Toughness of Advanced Structural Ceramics: Applying ASTM C1421

    DOE PAGES

    Swab, Jeffrey J.; Tice, Jason; Wereszczak, Andrew A.; ...

    2014-11-03

    The three methods of determining the quasi-static Mode I fracture toughness (KIc) (surface crack in flexure – SC, single-edge precracked beam – PB, and chevron notched beam – VB) found in ASTM C1421 were applied to a variety of advanced ceramic materials. All three methods produced valid and comparable KIc values for the Al2O3, SiC, Si3N4 and SiAlON ceramics examined. However, not all methods could successfully be applied to B4C, ZrO2 and WC ceramics due to a variety of material factors. The coarse-grained microstructure of one B4C hindered the ability to observe and measure the precracks generated in the SCmore » and PB methods while the transformation toughening in the ZrO2 prevented the formation of the SC and PB precracks and thus made it impossible to use either method on this ceramic. The high strength and elastic modulus of the WC made it impossible to achieve stable crack growth using the VB method because the specimen stored a tremendous amount of energy prior to fracture. Even though these methods have passed the rigors of the standardization process there are still some issues to be resolved when the methods are applied to certain classes of ceramics. We recommend that at least two of these methods be employed to determine the KIc, especially when a new or unfamiliar ceramic is being evaluated.« less

  3. Laser induced damage in optical materials: twelfth ASTM symposium.

    PubMed

    Bennett, H E; Glass, A J; Guenther, A H; Newnam, B

    1981-09-01

    The twelfth annual Symposium on Optical Materials for High Power Lasers (Boulder Damage Symposium) was held at the National Bureau of Standards in Boulder, Colorado, 30 Sept.-l Oct., 1980. The symposium was held under the auspices of ASTM Committee F-l, Subcommittee on Laser Standards, with the joint sponsorship of NBS, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the Department of Energy, the Office of Naval Research, and the Air Force Office of Scientific research. Over 150 scientists attended the symposium, including representatives of the United Kingdom, France, Japan, and West Germany. The symposium was divided into sessions concerning materials and measurements, mirrors and surfaces, thin films, and finally fundamental mechanisms. As in previous years, the emphasis of the papers presented at the symposium was directed toward new frontiers and new developments. Particular emphasis was given to materials for high power systems. The wavelength range of prime interest was from 10.6 microm to the UV region. Highlights included surface characterization, thin film-substrate boundaries, and advances in fundamental laser-matter threshold interactions and mechanisms. The scaling of damage thresholds with pulse duration, focal area, and wavelength was discussed in detail. Harold E. Bennett of the Naval Weapons Center, Alexander J. Glass of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Arthur H. Guenther of the Air Force Weapons Laboratory, and Brian E. Newnam of the Los Alamos National Laboratory were cochairmen of the symposium. The thirteenth annual symposium is scheduled for 17-18 Nov. 1981 at the National Bureau of Standards, Boulder, Colorado.

  4. Laser induced damage in optical materials: eleventh ASTM symposium.

    PubMed

    Bennett, H E; Glass, A J; Guenther, A H; Newnam, B

    1980-07-15

    The eleventh Symposium on Optical Materials for High-Power Lasers (Boulder Damage Symposium) was held at the National Bureau of Standards in Boulder, Colorado, 30-31 October 1979. The symposium was held under the auspices of ASTM Committee F-1, Subcommittee on Laser Standards, with the joint sponsorship of NBS, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the Department of Energy, and the Office of Naval Research. About 150 scientists attended the symposium, including representatives of the United Kingdom, France, Canada, Japan, West Germany, and Denmark. The symposium was divided into sessions concerning transparent optical materials and the measurement of their properties, mirrors and surfaces, thin film characteristics, thin film damage, considerations for high-power systems, and finally theory and breakdown. As in previous years, the emphasis of the papers presented at the symposium was directed toward new frontiers and new developments. Particular emphasis was given to materials for high-power apparatus. The wavelength range of prime interest was from 10.6 microm to the UV region. Highlights included surface characterization, thin film-substrate boundaries, and advances in fundamental laser-matter threshold interactions and mechanisms. The scaling of damage thresholds with pulse duration, focal area, and wavelength was discussed in detail. Harold E. Bennett of the Naval Weapons Center, Alexander J. Glass of the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, Arthur H. Guenther of the Air Force Weapons Laboratory, and Brian E. Newnam of the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory were cochairpersons. The twelfth annual symposium is scheduled for 30 September-1 October 1980 at the National Bureau of Standards, Boulder, Colorado.

  5. Laser induced damage in optical materials: tenth ASTM symposium.

    PubMed

    Glass, A J; Guenther, A H

    1979-07-01

    The tenth annual Symposium on Optical Materials for High Power Lasers (Boulder Damage Symposium) was held at the National Bureau of Standards in Boulder, Colorado, 12-14 September 1978. The symposium was held under the auspices of ASTM Committee F-1, Subcommittee on Laser Standards, with the joint sponsorship of NBS, the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency, the Department of Energy, and the Office of Naval Research. About 175 scientists attended, including representatives of the United Kingdom, France, Canada, Japan, West Germany, and the Soviet Union. The symposium was divided into sessions concerning the measurement of absorption characteristics, bulk material properties, mirrors and surfaces, thin film damage, coating materials and design, and breakdown phenomena. As in previous years, the emphasis of the papers presented was directed toward new frontiers and new developments. Particular emphasis was given to materials for use from 10.6 microm to the UV region. Highlights included surface characterization, thin film-substrate boundaries, and advances in fundamental laser-matter threshold interactions and mechanisms. The scaling of damage thresholds with pulse duration, focal area, and wavelength was also discussed. In commemoration of the tenth symposium in this series, a number of comprehensive review papers were presented to assess the state of the art in various facets of laser induced damage in optical materials. Alexander J. Glass of Lawrence Livermore Laboratory and Arthur H. Guenther of the Air Force Weapons Laboratory were co-chairpersons. The eleventh annual symposium is scheduled for 30-31 October 1979 at the National Bureau of Standards, Boulder, Colorado.

  6. Fracture Toughness of Advanced Structural Ceramics: Applying ASTM C1421

    SciTech Connect

    Swab, Jeffrey J.; Tice, Jason; Wereszczak, Andrew A.; Kraft, Reuben H.

    2014-11-03

    The three methods of determining the quasi-static Mode I fracture toughness (KIc) (surface crack in flexure – SC, single-edge precracked beam – PB, and chevron notched beam – VB) found in ASTM C1421 were applied to a variety of advanced ceramic materials. All three methods produced valid and comparable KIc values for the Al2O3, SiC, Si3N4 and SiAlON ceramics examined. However, not all methods could successfully be applied to B4C, ZrO2 and WC ceramics due to a variety of material factors. The coarse-grained microstructure of one B4C hindered the ability to observe and measure the precracks generated in the SC and PB methods while the transformation toughening in the ZrO2 prevented the formation of the SC and PB precracks and thus made it impossible to use either method on this ceramic. The high strength and elastic modulus of the WC made it impossible to achieve stable crack growth using the VB method because the specimen stored a tremendous amount of energy prior to fracture. Even though these methods have passed the rigors of the standardization process there are still some issues to be resolved when the methods are applied to certain classes of ceramics. We recommend that at least two of these methods be employed to determine the KIc, especially when a new or unfamiliar ceramic is being evaluated.

  7. 76 FR 78614 - Welded ASTM A-312 Stainless Steel Pipe From South Korea and Taiwan: Continuation of Antidumping...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-19

    ... International Trade Administration Welded ASTM A-312 Stainless Steel Pipe From South Korea and Taiwan... welded ASTM A-312 stainless steel pipe from South Korea (Korea) and Taiwan would likely lead to... published the antidumping duty orders on welded ASTM A-312 stainless steel pipe from Korea and Taiwan.\\1\\...

  8. 77 FR 14046 - Amended Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-ASTM...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-08

    ...--ASTM International Standards Notice is hereby given that, on February 10, 2012, pursuant to Section 6(a...''), ASTM International Standards (``ASTM'') has filed written notifications simultaneously with the Attorney General and the Federal Trade Commission disclosing additions or changes to its...

  9. Guide to ASTM test methods for the analysis of coal and coke

    SciTech Connect

    R.A. Kishore Nadkarni

    2008-07-01

    The guide includes brief descriptions of all 56 ASTM test methods that cover the physical, chemical, and spectroscopic analytical techniques to qualitatively and quantitatively identify over 40 chemical and physical properties of coal, coke, their products, and by-products.

  10. The breaking load method - Results and statistical modification from the ASTM interlaboratory test program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Colvin, E. L.; Emptage, M. R.

    1992-01-01

    The breaking load test provides quantitative stress corrosion cracking data by determining the residual strength of tension specimens that have been exposed to corrosive environments. Eight laboratories have participated in a cooperative test program under the auspices of ASTM Committee G-1 to evaluate the new test method. All eight laboratories were able to distinguish between three tempers of aluminum alloy 7075. The statistical analysis procedures that were used in the test program do not work well in all situations. An alternative procedure using Box-Cox transformations shows a great deal of promise. An ASTM standard method has been drafted which incorporates the Box-Cox procedure.

  11. Microwave digestion of industrial furnace feedstreams for trace element analysis. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1994-05-01

    This practice is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee D-34 on Waste Management and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee D34.02 on Physical and Chemical Characterization. The current edition was approved March 15, 1994 and published in May 1994.

  12. ASTM and other specifications and classifications for petroleum products and lubricants. Fifth edition

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-01-01

    This book includes specifications and classifications from ASTM committees on paint and related coatings and materials; road and paving materials; wood; roofing, waterproofing and bituminous materials; rubber; soaps and other detergents; aromatic hydrocarbons and related chemicals; and electrical insulating liquids and gases. Also included are several related, important specifications and classifications from other organizations.

  13. Standard descriptive nomenclature of constituents of aggregates for radiation-shielding concrete. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1992-05-01

    This nomenclature is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee C-9 on Concrete and Concrete Aggregates and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee C09.41 on Concrete for Radiation Shielding. Current edition approved Mar. 15, 1992 and published May 1992. Originally published as C 638-73. Last previous edition was C 638-84(1990). It was reapproved 1997.

  14. Standard specification for nonoriented electrical steel, fully processed types (metric). ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-09-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-6 on Magnetic Properties and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A06.02 on Materials Specifications. Current edition approved Apr. 10, 1998 and published September 1998. Originally published as A 677M-83. Last previous edition was A 677M-96.

  15. Standard specification for non-oriented electrical steel fully processed types. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-09-01

    This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-6 on Magnetic Properties and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A06.02 on Materials Specifications. Current edition approved Apr. 10, 1998 and published September 1998. Originally published as A 677-73. Last previous edition A 677-96.

  16. 78 FR 64248 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-ASTM...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-28

    ... International Standards Notice is hereby given that, on September 16, 2013, pursuant to Section 6(a) of the... International (``ASTM'') has filed written notifications simultaneously with the Attorney General and the Federal Trade Commission disclosing additions or changes to its standards development activities....

  17. 78 FR 14836 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-ASTM...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-07

    ... International Standards Notice is hereby given that, on February 11, 2013, pursuant to Section 6(a) of the... International (``ASTM'') has filed written notifications simultaneously with the Attorney General and the Federal Trade Commission disclosing additions or changes to its standards development activities....

  18. 78 FR 35646 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-ASTM...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-13

    ... International Standards Notice is hereby given that, on May 10, 2013, pursuant to Section 6(a) of the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993, 15 U.S.C. 4301 et seq. (``the Act''), ASTM International... Commission disclosing additions or changes to its standards development activities. The notifications...

  19. 78 FR 1884 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-ASTM...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-09

    ... International Standards Notice is hereby given that, on December 12, 2012, pursuant to Section 6(a) of the... International (``ASTM'') has filed written notifications simultaneously with the Attorney General and the Federal Trade Commission disclosing additions or changes to its standards development activities....

  20. 77 FR 34069 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-ASTM...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-08

    ... International Standards Notice is hereby given that, on May 11, 2012, pursuant to Section 6(a) of the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993, 15 U.S.C. 4301 et seq. (``the Act''), ASTM International... Commission disclosing additions or changes to its standards development activities. The notifications...

  1. 76 FR 12370 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-ASTM...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-07

    ... International Standards Notice is hereby given that, on February 4, 2011, pursuant to Section 6(a) of the... International Standards (``ASTM'') has filed written notifications simultaneously with the Attorney General and the Federal Trade Commission disclosing additions or changes to its standards development...

  2. 77 FR 61786 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-ASTM...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-11

    ... International Standards Notice is hereby given that, on September 10, 2012, pursuant to Section 6(a) of the... International (``ASTM'') has filed written notifications simultaneously with the Attorney General and the Federal Trade Commission disclosing additions or changes to its standards development activities....

  3. An evaluation of efforts by nuclear power plants to use ASTM D3803-89

    SciTech Connect

    Freeman, W.P.

    1995-02-01

    The number of nuclear power plants are now using ASTM D3803-89, {open_quotes}Standard Test Method for Nuclear-Grade Activated Carbon{close_quotes} for routine surveillance testing of adsorbents. In order to judge the impact of this change, we have gathered radioiodine removal test results from our data base on a system-by-system basis (i.e. control room, technical support center, and spent fuel pool) and compared test results obtained for the same kind of systems using the new and older test methods. Included in this comparison are systems with and without humidity control. Results are discussed from the standpoint of what to expect if a change to testing using ASTM D3803-89 is contemplated, especially regarding test results in light existing acceptance criteria. Additionally, the results are discussed from the standpoint of the sensitivity of the ASTM test method to detect when the performance of the carbon in air cleaning systems has been compromised (compared to the older methods). Finally, we offer some suggestions for how other plants might upgrade their carbon testing to incorporate testing to ASTM D3803-89.

  4. Combustion Gas Properties I-ASTM Jet a Fuel and Dry Air

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jones, R. E.; Trout, A. M.; Wear, J. D.; Mcbride, B. J.

    1984-01-01

    A series of computations was made to produce the equilibrium temperature and gas composition for ASTM jet A fuel and dry air. The computed tables and figures provide combustion gas property data for pressures from 0.5 to 50 atmospheres and equivalence ratios from 0 to 2.0.

  5. Comparative field permeability measurement of permeable pavements using ASTM C1701 and NCAT permeameter methods.

    PubMed

    Li, Hui; Kayhanian, Masoud; Harvey, John T

    2013-03-30

    Fully permeable pavement is gradually gaining support as an alternative best management practice (BMP) for stormwater runoff management. As the use of these pavements increases, a definitive test method is needed to measure hydraulic performance and to evaluate clogging, both for performance studies and for assessment of permeability for construction quality assurance and maintenance needs assessment. Two of the most commonly used permeability measurement tests for porous asphalt and pervious concrete are the National Center for Asphalt Technology (NCAT) permeameter and ASTM C1701, respectively. This study was undertaken to compare measured values for both methods in the field on a variety of permeable pavements used in current practice. The field measurements were performed using six experimental section designs with different permeable pavement surface types including pervious concrete, porous asphalt and permeable interlocking concrete pavers. Multiple measurements were performed at five locations on each pavement test section. The results showed that: (i) silicone gel is a superior sealing material to prevent water leakage compared with conventional plumbing putty; (ii) both methods (NCAT and ASTM) can effectively be used to measure the permeability of all pavement types and the surface material type will not impact the measurement precision; (iii) the permeability values measured with the ASTM method were 50-90% (75% on average) lower than those measured with the NCAT method; (iv) the larger permeameter cylinder diameter used in the ASTM method improved the reliability and reduced the variability of the measured permeability.

  6. Standard practice for use of cellulose acetate dosimetry systems. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-05-01

    This practice is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee E-10 on Nuclear Technology and Applications and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee E10.01 on Dosimetry for Radiation Processing. Current edition approved Jun. 10, 1997 and published May 1998. Originally published as E 1650-94. Last previous edition was E 1650-94.

  7. Standard test method for the performance of conveyor ovens. ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-08-01

    This test method is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee F-26 on Food Service Equipment and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee F26.06 on Productivity and Energy Protocol. The current edition was approved Jul. 10, 1997. It was published August 1998.

  8. PROPOSED ASTM METHOD FOR THE DETERMINATION OF ASBESTOS IN AIR BY TEM AND INFORMATION ON INTERFERING FIBERS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The draft of the ASTM Test Method for air entitled: "Airborne Asbestos Concentration in Ambient and Indoor Atmospheres as Determined by Transmission Electron Microscopy Direct Transfer (TEM)" (ASTM Z7077Z) is an adaptation of the International Standard, ISO 10312. It is currently...

  9. Results of ASTM round robin testing for mode 1 interlaminar fracture toughness of composite materials

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Obrien, T. Kevin; Martin, Roderick H.

    1992-01-01

    The results are summarized of several interlaboratory 'round robin' test programs for measuring the mode 1 interlaminar fracture toughness of advanced fiber reinforced composite materials. Double Cantilever Beam (DCB) tests were conducted by participants in ASTM committee D30 on High Modulus Fibers and their Composites and by representatives of the European Group on Fracture (EGF) and the Japanese Industrial Standards Group (JIS). DCB tests were performed on three AS4 carbon fiber reinforced composite materials: AS4/3501-6 with a brittle epoxy matrix; AS4/BP907 with a tough epoxy matrix; and AS4/PEEK with a tough thermoplastic matrix. Difficulties encountered in manufacturing panels, as well as conducting the tests are discussed. Critical issues that developed during the course of the testing are highlighted. Results of the round robin testing used to determine the precision of the ASTM DCB test standard are summarized.

  10. Cyclic oxidation to high temperature of ASTM - A53 grade B

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pérez, D.; Marulanda, J. L.; Santos, A.

    2017-01-01

    Samples of ASTM A53 steel grade B underwent 500 oxidation cycles at 600°C. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS) and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) were performed to study the morphology, composition and phase structure of Fe2O3 y Fe3O4 layers on oxidation surface. Such layers were homogenous and poorly adhesive. Mass loss was significant due to absence of protective oxides and inevitable flaking, leaving the substrate exposed to corrosive environment.

  11. Proposed annex to the ASTM Standard Guide E1676-95, bioaccumulation testing utilizing Eisenia foetida

    SciTech Connect

    Roper, J.; Simmers, J.; Lee, C.; Tatem, H.

    1995-12-31

    A detailed description of the method developed at the Waterways Experiment Station (WES) to determine sediment toxicity utilizing the earthworm, Eisenia foetida. This method has been used successfully in evaluating the target contaminants; metals, PAHs, and PCBs. This procedure is currently a proposed annex to the ASTM Standard Guide E1676-95: Conducting a Laboratory Soil Toxicity Test With The Lumbricid Earthworm, Eisenia foetida.

  12. ASTM international workshop on standards and measurements for tissue engineering scaffolds.

    PubMed

    Simon, Carl G; Yaszemski, Michael J; Ratcliffe, Anthony; Tomlins, Paul; Luginbuehl, Reto; Tesk, John A

    2015-07-01

    The "Workshop on Standards & Measurements for Tissue Engineering Scaffolds" was held on May 21, 2013 in Indianapolis, IN, and was sponsored by the ASTM International (ASTM). The purpose of the workshop was to identify the highest priority items for future standards work for scaffolds used in the development and manufacture of tissue engineered medical products (TEMPs). Eighteen speakers and 78 attendees met to assess current scaffold standards and to prioritize needs for future standards. A key finding was that the ASTM TEMPs subcommittees (F04.41-46) have many active "guide" documents for educational purposes, but few standard "test methods" or "practices." Overwhelmingly, the most clearly identified need was standards for measuring the structure of scaffolds, followed by standards for biological characterization, including in vitro testing, animal models and cell-material interactions. The third most pressing need was to develop standards for assessing the mechanical properties of scaffolds. Additional needs included standards for assessing scaffold degradation, clinical outcomes with scaffolds, effects of sterilization on scaffolds, scaffold composition, and drug release from scaffolds. Discussions highlighted the need for additional scaffold reference materials and the need to use them for measurement traceability. Workshop participants emphasized the need to promote the use of standards in scaffold fabrication, characterization, and commercialization. Finally, participants noted that standards would be more broadly accepted if their impact in the TEMPs community could be quantified. Many scaffold standard needs have been identified and focus is turning to generating these standards to support the use of scaffolds in TEMPs.

  13. Comparative results of autogenous ignition temperature measurements by ASTM G 72 and pressurized scanning calorimetry in gaseous oxygen

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bryan, C. J.; Lowrie, R.

    1986-01-01

    The autogenous ignition temperature of four materials was determined by ASTM (G 72) and pressurized differential scanning calorimetry at 0.68-, 3.4-, and 6.8-MPa oxygen pressure. All four materials were found to ignite at lower temperatures in the ASTM method. The four materials evaluated in this program were Neoprene, Vespel SP-21, Fluorel E-2160, and nylon 6/6.

  14. Application of ASTM E-1559 Apparatus to Study H2O Desorption

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Woronowicz, Michael; Perry, Radford, III; Meadows, George A.

    2015-01-01

    The NASA James Webb Space Telescope project identified a need to measure water vapor desorption from cryogenic surfaces in order to validate predictions of spacecraft design performance. A review of available scientific literature indicated no such measurements had been reported below 131 K. Contamination control personnel at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center recognized the possibility they readily possessed the means to collect these measurements at lower temperatures using an existing apparatus commonly employed for making outgassing observations. This presentation will relate how the ASTM E-1559 Molekit apparatus was used without physical modification to measure water vapor sublimation down to 120 K and compare this data to existing equilibrium vapor pressure models.

  15. Impact of ASTM Standard E722 update on radiation damage metrics

    SciTech Connect

    DePriest, Kendall Russell

    2014-06-01

    The impact of recent changes to the ASTM Standard E722 is investigated. The methodological changes in the production of the displacement kerma factors for silicon has significant impact for some energy regions of the 1-MeV(Si) equivalent fluence response function. When evaluating the integral over all neutrons energies in various spectra important to the SNL electronics testing community, the change in the response results in an increase in the total 1-MeV(Si) equivalent fluence of 2 7%. Response functions have been produced and are available for users of both the NuGET and MCNP codes.

  16. ASTM STANDARD GUIDE FOR EVALUATING DISPOSAL OPTIONS FOR REUSE OF CONCRETE FROM NUCLEAR FACILITY DECOMMISSIONING

    SciTech Connect

    Phillips, Ann Marie; Meservey, Richard H.

    2003-02-27

    Within the nuclear industry, many contaminated facilities that require decommissioning contain huge volumes of concrete. This concrete is generally disposed of as low-level waste at a high cost. Much of the concrete is lightly contaminated and could be reused as roadbed, fill material, or aggregate for new concrete, thus saving millions of dollars. However, because of the possibility of volumetric contamination and the lack of a method to evaluate the risks and costs of reusing concrete, reuse is rarely considered. To address this problem, Argonne National Laboratory-East (ANL-E) and the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory teamed to write a ''concrete protocol'' to help evaluate the ramifications of reusing concrete within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). This document, titled the Protocol for Development of Authorized Release Limits for Concrete at U.S. Department of Energy Site (1) is based on ANL-E's previously developed scrap metal recycle protocols; on the 10-step method outlined in DOE's draft handbook, Controlling Release for Reuse or Recycle of Property Containing Residual Radioactive Material (2); and on DOE Order 4500.5, Radiation Protection of the Public and the Environment (3). The DOE concrete protocol was the basis for the ASTM Standard Guide for Evaluating Disposal Options for Concrete from Nuclear Facility Decommissioning, which was written to make the information available to a wider audience outside DOE. The resulting ASTM Standard Guide is a more concise version that can be used by the nuclear industry worldwide to evaluate the risks and costs of reusing concrete from nuclear facility decommissioning. The bulk of the ASTM Standard Guide focuses on evaluating the dose and cost for each disposal option. The user calculates these from the detailed formulas and tabulated data provided, then compares the dose and cost for each disposal option to select the best option that meets regulatory requirements. With this information

  17. Data development for ASTM E24.06.02 round robin program on instability prediction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mccabe, D. E.

    1979-01-01

    Basis data for use in an ASTM E24.06.02 task group round robin activity was developed. Compact specimens were made of 2024-T351, 7075-T651 aluminum alloys, and 304 stainless steel. All were 12.7 mm thick and planar dimension variables incorporated were for 1T, 2T and 4T sizes. Representative raw data for each material and specimen size are contained herein. R-curves plotted in terms of delta a physical and delta a effective are plotted for each material.

  18. ASTM Photovoltaic Performance Standards: Their Use at the National Renewable Energy Lab

    SciTech Connect

    Emery, K.

    2007-07-01

    The performance of photovoltaic devices is typically rated in terms of their peak power with respect to a specific spectrum, total irradiance and temperature. The PV Cell and Module Performance Laboratory at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colo., has been measuring the performance of cells and modules for the U.S. terrestrial PV community since 1980. NREL typically calibrates 200 cells and modules per month. The laboratory follows the procedures described in ASTM International standards for calibrating its primary reference cells (E 1125), spectral responsivity measurements (E 1021), secondary reference cells (E 948), secondary modules (E 1036), concentrator modules (E 2527), and multi-junction cells and modules (E 2236).

  19. The ASTM viscosity index and other systems for classifying lubricating oils

    SciTech Connect

    Zakarian, J.A.

    1982-11-01

    Even though the ASTM V.I. is based on an arbitrary and inconsistent series of reference oils, the system still persists as an industry standard to rate the viscosity-temperature characteristics of lubricating oils. There is need for an industry wide reassessment of the value of the V.I., particularly to answer the question, ''What does the V.I. measure.''. Before defining an alternative classification system, it is important to clearly formulate the problem and to realize that both relative and nonrealtive indices suffer from inherent assumptions and limitations, and that the choice of no rating index may be better than the choice of a misleading one.

  20. Improved ASTM G72 Test Method for Ensuring Adequate Fuel-to-Oxidizer Ratios

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Juarez, Alfredo; Harper, Susana Tapia

    2016-01-01

    The ASTM G72/G72M-15 Standard Test Method for Autogenous Ignition Temperature of Liquids and Solids in a High-Pressure Oxygen-Enriched Environment is currently used to evaluate materials for the ignition susceptibility driven by exposure to external heat in an enriched oxygen environment. Testing performed on highly volatile liquids such as cleaning solvents has proven problematic due to inconsistent test results (non-ignitions). Non-ignition results can be misinterpreted as favorable oxygen compatibility, although they are more likely associated with inadequate fuel-to-oxidizer ratios. Forced evaporation during purging and inadequate sample size were identified as two potential causes for inadequate available sample material during testing. In an effort to maintain adequate fuel-to-oxidizer ratios within the reaction vessel during test, several parameters were considered, including sample size, pretest sample chilling, pretest purging, and test pressure. Tests on a variety of solvents exhibiting a range of volatilities are presented in this paper. A proposed improvement to the standard test protocol as a result of this evaluation is also presented. Execution of the final proposed improved test protocol outlines an incremental step method of determining optimal conditions using increased sample sizes while considering test system safety limits. The proposed improved test method increases confidence in results obtained by utilizing the ASTM G72 autogenous ignition temperature test method and can aid in the oxygen compatibility assessment of highly volatile liquids and other conditions that may lead to false non-ignition results.

  1. Low-energy photon spectroscopy data in support of ASTM method development

    SciTech Connect

    Dry, D. E.; Boone, S.

    2002-01-01

    The Isotope and Nuclear Chemistry (C-INC) Radioassay Facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) has been in operation since 1948 to measure fission-product and actinide activities from the U.S. weapons testing program. Since the cessation of testing in 1992, the facility has remained in continuous operation by analyzing samples for environmental, bioassay and research projects. In addition to the many gamma spectroscopy systems, two independent planar germanium detectors are employed for measurement of x-rays and low-energy gsunma rays. 'These counters were used to collect data of select isotopes to support the development of a new ASTM standard, 'Standard Practice for High-Resolution Low-Energy Photon Spectrometry of Water'. This standard is being developed by ASTM Subcommittee D19.04 as a tool for measurement of low-energy gamma-rays and x-rays fiom approximately 4 keV to 150 keV. This work describes empirical counting results obtained fkom traceable sources covering the energy range of interest. Specifically, the isotopes used were 5%i, 55Fe, Am, I, Cd, and 57C0 which provide a range of 5.9 to 136 keV. Mixed nuclide sources were also counted for the purpose of providing data for coincidence summing effects. All data is presented in hardcopy and accompanying electronic form.

  2. Na and Li ion diffusion in modified ASTM C 1260 test by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

    SciTech Connect

    Feng, X. Balcom, B.J.; Thomas, M.D.A.; Bremner, T.W.

    2008-12-15

    In the current study, MRI was applied to investigate lithium and sodium ion diffusion in cement paste and mortars containing inert sand and borosilicate glass. Paste and mortars were treated by complying with ASTM C 1260. Lithium and sodium distribution profiles were collected at different ages after different treatments. Results revealed that sodium ions had a greater diffusion rate than lithium ions, suggesting that Na reaches the aggregate particle surface before Li. Results also showed that Na and Li ions had a competitive diffusion process in mortars; soaking in a solution with higher [Li] favored Li diffusion but hindered Na diffusion. In mortars containing glass, a substantial amount of Li was consumed by the formation of ASR products. When [Li] in soaking solution was reduced to 0.37 N, a distinctive Na distribution profile was observed, indicating the free-state Na ions were continuously transformed to solid reaction products by ASR. Hence, in the modified ASTM C 1260 test, [Li] in the storage solution should be controlled at 0.74 N, in order to completely prevent the consumption of Na ions and thus stop ASR.

  3. ASTM clustering for improving coal analysis by near-infrared spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Andrés, J M; Bona, M T

    2006-11-15

    Multivariate analysis techniques have been applied to near-infrared (NIR) spectra coals to investigate the relationship between nine coal properties (moisture (%), ash (%), volatile matter (%), fixed carbon (%), heating value (kcal/kg), carbon (%), hydrogen (%), nitrogen (%) and sulphur (%)) and the corresponding predictor variables. In this work, a whole set of coal samples was grouped into six more homogeneous clusters following the ASTM reference method for classification prior to the application of calibration methods to each coal set. The results obtained showed a considerable improvement of the error determination compared with the calibration for the whole sample set. For some groups, the established calibrations approached the quality required by the ASTM/ISO norms for laboratory analysis. To predict property values for a new coal sample it is necessary the assignation of that sample to its respective group. Thus, the discrimination and classification ability of coal samples by Diffuse Reflectance Infrared Fourier Transform Spectroscopy (DRIFTS) in the NIR range was also studied by applying Soft Independent Modelling of Class Analogy (SIMCA) and Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) techniques. Modelling of the groups by SIMCA led to overlapping models that cannot discriminate for unique classification. On the other hand, the application of Linear Discriminant Analysis improved the classification of the samples but not enough to be satisfactory for every group considered.

  4. Relation between the national handbook of recommended methods for water data acquisition and ASTM standards

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Glysson, G. Douglas; Skinner, John V.

    1991-01-01

    In the late 1950's, intense demands for water and growing concerns about declines in the quality of water generated the need for more water-resources data. About thirty Federal agencies, hundreds of State, county and local agencies, and many private organizations had been collecting water data. However, because of differences in procedures and equipment, many of the data bases were incompatible. In 1964, as a step toward establishing more uniformity, the Bureau of the Budget (now the Office of Management and Budget, OMB) issued 'Circular A-67' which presented guidelines for collecting water data and also served as a catalyst for creating the Office of Water Data Coordination (OWDC) within the U.S. Geological Survey. This paper discusses past, present, and future aspects of the relation between methods in the National Handbook and standards published by ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) Committee D-19 on Water's Subcommittee D-19.07 on Sediment, Geomorphology, and Open Channel Flow. The discussion also covers historical aspects of standards - development work jointly conducted by OWDC and ASTM.

  5. Effect of casting parameters on the microstructure of ASTM F-75 alloy

    SciTech Connect

    Mancha, H.; Castro, M.; Mendez, M.; Mendez, J.; Cepeda, F.

    1996-10-01

    Hip replacement implants fabricated from the ASTM F-75 alloy sometimes fail in a sudden catastrophic way. In general, fractures start at microstructural defects subjected to stress-corrosion under chemical attack by body fluids. In this paper the results of a study on the effect of casting parameters on the microstructure of ASTM F-75 alloy are presented. The pre-heating mold and the liquid temperatures were varied between 900 and 1,000 C, and 1,410 and 1,470 C, respectively. The best static strength and ductility were obtained when shrinkage microporosity and the M{sub 23}C{sub 6} eutectic carbides precipitation at grain boundaries were minimized by increasing the pre-heating mold temperature up to 1,000 C and keeping intermediate pouring temperatures at 1,455 C. Under these casting conditions, however, the solidification rates are low leading to large grain sizes which reduce the strength of the material under dynamic loading conditions. The volume fraction of the M{sub 23}C{sub 6} blocky carbides, appears to have a small variation with casting conditions, however, their size and space distributions seem to be very important to determine the mechanical properties of the as-cast alloys.

  6. White Paper Summary of 2nd ASTM International Workshop on Hydrides in Zirconium Alloy Cladding

    SciTech Connect

    Sindelar, R.; Louthan, M.; PNNL, B.

    2015-05-29

    This white paper recommends that ASTM International develop standards to address the potential impact of hydrides on the long term performance of irradiated zirconium alloys. The need for such standards was apparent during the 2nd ASTM International Workshop on Hydrides in Zirconium Alloy Cladding and Assembly Components, sponsored by ASTM International Committee C26.13 and held on June 10-12, 2014, in Jackson, Wyoming. The potentially adverse impacts of hydrogen and hydrides on the long term performance of irradiated zirconium-alloy cladding on used fuel were shown to depend on multiple factors such as alloy chemistry and processing, irradiation and post irradiation history, residual and applied stresses and stress states, and the service environment. These factors determine the hydrogen content and hydride morphology in the alloy, which, in turn, influence the response of the alloy to the thermo-mechanical conditions imposed (and anticipated) during storage, transport and disposal of used nuclear fuel. Workshop presentations and discussions showed that although hydrogen/hydride induced degradation of zirconium alloys may be of concern, the potential for occurrence and the extent of anticipated degradation vary throughout the nuclear industry because of the variations in hydrogen content, hydride morphology, alloy chemistry and irradiation conditions. The tools and techniques used to characterize hydrides and hydride morphologies and their impacts on material performance also vary. Such variations make site-to-site comparisons of test results and observations difficult. There is no consensus that a single material or system characteristic (e.g., reactor type, burnup, hydrogen content, end-of life stress, alloy type, drying temperature, etc.) is an effective predictor of material response during long term storage or of performance after long term storage. Multi-variable correlations made for one alloy may not represent the behavior of another alloy exposed to

  7. Standard test method for airborne asbestos concentration in ambient and indoor atmospheres as determined by transmission electron microscopy direct transfer (TEM). ASTM standard

    SciTech Connect

    1998-10-01

    This test method is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee D-22 on Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee D22.07 on Asbestos. Current edition approved Jul. 10, 1998. Published October 1998. Copyright American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA, 19428, USA. This document is available from NTIS under license from ASTM.

  8. Effect of Heat Treatment on Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of Four Different Heats of ASTM A710 Steel.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-09-01

    HEAT TREATMENT ON MECHANICAL PROPERTIES t AND MICROSTRUCTURE OF FOUR DIFFERENT HEATS OF ASTM A710 STEEL by G.E. Hicho, C.H. Brady, L.C. Smith, and...Properties and Microstructure of Four Different Heats of ASTM A710 Steel I.E Hicho, C.H. Brady, L.C. Smith and R.J. Fields (" REPORT 13lb TIM E COVERED 14DATE...necessary and Identify by block number) iD GROUP SUBGROUP A710 HSLA Steel Heat Treatment Tensile Properties Grain Size Impact Properties Frnr-ngrphy Mi

  9. Comparison of combustion characteristics of ASTM A-1, propane, and natural-gas fuels in an annular turbojet combustor

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wear, J. D.; Jones, R. E.

    1973-01-01

    The performance of an annular turbojet combustor using natural-gas fuel is compared with that obtained using ASTM A-1 and propane fuels. Propane gas was used to simulate operation with vaporized kerosene fuels. The results obtained at severe operating conditions and altitude relight conditions show that natural gas is inferior to both ASTM A-1 and propane fuels. Combustion efficiencies were significantly lower and combustor pressures for relight were higher with natural-gas fuel than with the other fuels. The inferior performance of natural gas is shown to be caused by the chemical stability of the methane molecule.

  10. Designing cathodic protection systems for marine structures and vehicles. ASTM special technical publication 1370

    SciTech Connect

    Hack, H.P.

    1999-07-01

    Cathodic protection is an important method of protecting structures and ships from the corrosive effects of seawater. Poor designs can be far more costly to implement than optimal designs, Improper design can cause overprotection, with resulting paint blistering and accelerated corrosion of some alloys, underprotection, with resultant structure corrosion, or stray current corrosion of nearby structures. The first ASTM symposium specifically aimed at cathodic protection in seawater was intended to compile all the criteria and philosophy for designing both sacrificial and impressed current cathodic protection systems for structures and vehicles in seawater. The papers which are included in this STP are significant in that they summarize the major seawater cathodic protection system design philosophies. Papers have been processed separately for inclusion on the database.

  11. Comparisons of ASTM standards cited in the NRC standard review plan, NUREG-0800 and related documents

    SciTech Connect

    Ankrum, A.R.; Bohlander, K.L.; Gilbert, E.R.; Pawlowski, R.A.; Spiesman, J.B.

    1995-10-01

    This report provides the results of comparisons of the cited and latest versions of ASTM standards cited in the NRC Standard Review Plan for the Review of Safety Analysis Reports for Nuclear Power Plants (NUREG 0800) and related documents. The comparisons were performed by Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories in support of the NRC`s Standard Review Plan Update and Development Program. Significant changes to the standards, from the cited version to the latest version, are described and discussed in a tabular format for each standard. Recommendations for updating each citation in the Standard Review Plan are presented. Technical considerations and suggested changes are included for related regulatory documents (i.e., Regulatory Guides and the Code of Federal Regulations) citing the standard. The results and recommendations presented in this document have not been subjected to NRC staff review.

  12. Enabling joint commission medication reconciliation objectives with the HL7 / ASTM Continuity of Care Document standard.

    PubMed

    Dolin, Robert H; Giannone, Gay; Schadow, Gunther

    2007-10-11

    We sought to determine how well the HL7/ASTM Continuity of Care Document (CCD) standard supports the requirements underlying the Joint Commission medication reconciliation recommendations. In particular, the Joint Commission emphasizes that transition points in the continuum of care are vulnerable to communication breakdowns, and that these breakdowns are a common source of medication errors. These transition points are the focus of communication standards, suggesting that CCD can support and enable medication related patient safety initiatives. Data elements needed to support the Joint Commission recommendations were identified and mapped to CCD, and a detailed clinical scenario was constructed. The mapping identified minor gaps, and identified fields present in CCD not specifically identified by Joint Commission, but useful nonetheless when managing medications across transitions of care, suggesting that a closer collaboration between the Joint Commission and standards organizations will be mutually beneficial. The nationally recognized CCD specification provides a standards-based solution for enabling Joint Commission medication reconciliation objectives.

  13. Effect of crack curvature on stress intensity factors for ASTM standard compact tension specimens

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Alam, J.; Mendelson, A.

    1983-01-01

    The stress intensity factors (SIF) are calculated using the method of lines for the compact tension specimen in tensile and shear loading for curved crack fronts. For the purely elastic case, it was found that as the crack front curvature increases, the SIF value at the center of the specimen decreases while increasing at the surface. For the higher values of crack front curvatures, the maximum value of the SIF occurs at an interior point located adjacent to the surface. A thickness average SIF was computed for parabolically applied shear loading. These results were used to assess the requirements of ASTM standards E399-71 and E399-81 on the shape of crack fronts. The SIF is assumed to reflect the average stress environment near the crack edge.

  14. Development of ASTM standards in support of advanced ceramics -- continuing efforts

    SciTech Connect

    Brinkman, C.R.

    1998-02-01

    An update is presented of the activities of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Committee C-28 on Advanced Ceramics. Since its inception in 1986, this committee, which has five standard producing subcommittees, has written and published over 32 consensus standards. These standards are concerned with mechanical testing of monolithic and composite ceramics, nondestructive examination, statistical analysis and design, powder characterization, quantitative microscopy, fractography, and terminology. These standards ensure optimum material behavior with physical and mechanical property reproducibility, component reliability, and well-defined methods of data treatment and material analysis for both monolithic and composite materials. Committee C-28 continues to sponsor technical symposia and to cooperate in the development of international standards. An update of recent and current activities as well as possible new areas of standardization work will be presented.

  15. Stress analysis of the cracked lap shear specimens: An ASTM round robin

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Johnson, W. S.

    1986-01-01

    This ASTM Round Robin was conducted to evaluate the state of the art in stress analysis of adhesively bonded joint specimens. Specifically, the participants were asked to calculate the strain-energy-release rate for two different geometry cracked lap shear (CLS) specimens at four different debond lengths. The various analytical techniques consisted of 2- and 3-dimensional finite element analysis, beam theory, plate theory, and a combination of beam theory and finite element analysis. The results were examined in terms of the total strain-energy-release rate and the mode I to mode II ratio as a function of debond length for each specimen geometry. These results basically clustered into two groups: geometric linear or geometric nonlinear analysis. The geometric nonlinear analysis is required to properly analyze the CLS specimens. The 3-D finite element analysis gave indications of edge closure plus some mode III loading. Each participant described his analytical technique and results. Nine laboratories participated.

  16. Stress analysis of the cracked-lap-shear specimen - An ASTM round-robin

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Johnson, W. S.

    1987-01-01

    This ASTM Round Robin was conducted to evaluate the state of the art in stress analysis of adhesively bonded joint specimens. Specifically, the participants were asked to calculate the strain-energy-release rate for two different geometry cracked lap shear (CLS) specimens at four different debond lengths. The various analytical techniques consisted of 2- and 3-dimensional finite element analysis, beam theory, plate theory, and a combination of beam theory and finite element analysis. The results were examined in terms of the total strain-energy-release rate and the mode I to mode II ratio as a function of debond length for each specimen geometry. These results basically clustered into two groups: geometric linear or geometric nonlinear analysis. The geometric nonlinear analysis is required to properly analyze the CLS specimens. The 3-D finite element analysis gave indications of edge closure plus some mode III loading. Each participant described his analytical technique and results. Nine laboratories participated.

  17. Dynamic Fracture Initiation Toughness of ASTM A533, Grade B Steel Plate

    SciTech Connect

    Graham, S.M.; Link, R.E.

    1999-05-01

    The dynamic fracture toughness of an ASTM A533, Grade B steel plate was determined at several temperatures in the ductile-brittle transition region. Crack-tip loading rates ranged from approximately 10(sup3) to 10(sup5) MPa m/s. The fracture toughness was shown to decrease with increased loading rate. The dynamic fracture toughness was compared with results from previous investigations, and it was shown that the decrease in toughness due to increased loading rate at the highest test temperature was not as severe as reported in previous investigations. It was also shown that the reference temperature. T(sub0) was better index of the fracture toughness vs. temperature relationship than the nil-ductility temperature, RT(subNDT), for this material.

  18. 77 FR 1085 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-ASTM International

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Antitrust Division Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993--ASTM International Notice is hereby given that, on December 5, 2011, pursuant to Section 6(a) of the National Cooperative Research and Production Act...

  19. Silicon Damage Response Function Derivation and Verification: Assessment of Impact on ASTM Standard E722

    SciTech Connect

    Depriest, Kendall

    2016-06-01

    Unsuccessful attempts by members of the radiation effects community to independently derive the Norgett-Robinson-Torrens (NRT) damage energy factors for silicon in ASTM standard E722-14 led to an investigation of the software coding and data that produced those damage energy factors. The ad hoc collaboration to discover the reason for lack of agreement revealed a coding error and resulted in a report documenting the methodology to produce the response function for the standard. The recommended changes in the NRT damage energy factors for silicon are shown to have significant impact for a narrow energy region of the 1-MeV(Si) equivalent fluence response function. However, when evaluating integral metrics over all neutrons energies in various spectra important to the SNL electronics testing community, the change in the response results in a small decrease in the total 1- MeV(Si) equivalent fluence of ~0.6% compared to the E722-14 response. Response functions based on the newly recommended NRT damage energy factors have been produced and are available for users of both the NuGET and MCNP codes.

  20. Heat treatment temperature influence on ASTM A890 GR 6A super duplex stainless steel microstructure

    SciTech Connect

    Martins, Marcelo; E-mail: marcelo.martins@sulzer.com; Casteletti, Luiz Carlos

    2005-09-15

    Duplex and super duplex stainless steels are ferrous alloys with up to 26% chromium, 8% nickel, 5% molybdenum and 0.3% nitrogen, which are largely used in applications in media containing ions from the halogen family, mainly the chloride ion (Cl{sup -}). The emergence of this material aimed at substituting Copper-Nickel alloys (Cupro-Nickel) that despite presenting good corrosion resistance, has mechanical properties quite inferior to steel properties. The metallurgy of duplex and super duplex stainless steel is complex due to high sensitiveness to sigma phase precipitation that becomes apparent, due to the temperatures they are exposed on cooling from solidification as well as from heat treatment processes. The objective of this study was to verify the influence of heat treating temperatures on the microstructure and hardness of ASTM A890/A890M Gr 6A super duplex stainless steel type. Microstructure control is of extreme importance for castings, as the chemical composition and cooling during solidification inevitably provide conditions for precipitation of sigma phase. Higher hardness in these materials is directly associated to high sigma phase concentration in the microstructure, precipitated in the ferrite/austenite interface. While heat treatment temperature during solution treatment increases, the sigma phase content in the microstructure decreases and consequently, the material hardness diminishes. When the sigma phase was completely dissolved by the heat treatment, the material hardness was influenced only due to ferrite and austenite contents in the microstructure.

  1. Hot Corrosion Behavior of HVOF Sprayed Coatings on ASTM SA213-T11 Steel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sidhu, H. S.; Sidhu, B. S.; Prakash, S.

    2007-09-01

    Cr3C2-NiCr, NiCr, WC-Co and Stellite-6 alloy coatings were sprayed on ASTM SA213-T11 steel using the HVOF process. Liquid petroleum gas was used as the fuel gas. Hot corrosion studies were conducted on the uncoated as well as HVOF sprayed specimens after exposure to molten salt at 900 °C under cyclic conditions. The thermo-gravimetric technique was used to establish the kinetics of corrosion. XRD, SEM/EDAX and EPMA techniques were used to analyze the corrosion products. All these overlay coatings showed a better resistance to hot corrosion as compared to that of uncoated steel. NiCr Coating was found to be most protective followed by the Cr3C2-NiCr coating. WC-Co coating was least effective to protect the substrate steel. It is concluded that the formation of Cr2O3, NiO, NiCr2O4, and CoO in the coatings may contribute to the development of a better hot-corrosion resistance. The uncoated steel suffered corrosion in the form of intense spalling and peeling of the scale, which may be due to the formation of unprotective Fe2O3 oxide scale.

  2. Repeatability and Reproducibility of Compression Strength Measurements Conducted According to ASTM E9

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Luecke, William E.; Ma, Li; Graham, Stephen M.; Adler, Matthew A.

    2010-01-01

    Ten commercial laboratories participated in an interlaboratory study to establish the repeatability and reproducibility of compression strength tests conducted according to ASTM International Standard Test Method E9. The test employed a cylindrical aluminum AA2024-T351 test specimen. Participants measured elastic modulus and 0.2 % offset yield strength, YS(0.2 % offset), using an extensometer attached to the specimen. The repeatability and reproducibility of the yield strength measurement, expressed as coefficient of variations were cv(sub r)= 0.011 and cv(sub R)= 0.020 The reproducibility of the test across the laboratories was among the best that has been reported for uniaxial tests. The reported data indicated that using diametrically opposed extensometers, instead of a single extensometer doubled the precision of the test method. Laboratories that did not lubricate the ends of the specimen measured yield stresses and elastic moduli that were smaller than those measured in laboratories that lubricated the specimen ends. A finite element analysis of the test specimen deformation for frictionless and perfect friction could not explain the discrepancy, however. The modulus measured from stress-strain data were reanalyzed using a technique that finds the optimal fit range, and applies several quality checks to the data. The error in modulus measurements from stress-strain curves generally increased as the fit range decreased to less than 40 % of the stress range.

  3. The Meta-Lax method of stress reduction in welds. [ASTM A36; AISI 4140

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, S.M.

    1992-07-31

    This study is the second phase of ongoing research into the mechanics and feasibility of using the Meta-Lax method of vibratory stress relief in place of thermal methods of stress relief. The first phase of this research revealed results that were similar to, and even superior to those achieved using thermal methods. The testing here was designed to eliminate the effects of interbead tempering by utilizing single pass bead-on-plate welds only. A metallurgical explanation for the success of the Meta-Lax method was not found. No significant structure or chemical changes were noted when used with ASTM A36 or AISI 4140 materials, and the phenomena noted in phase I was apparently due to interbead tempering. The theory of accelerated aging has been proposed and studies exist which observed dislocation motion as a result of vibratory treatment. It is evident that the vibratory stress relief system does not impart sufficient energy to bring about the magnitude of change seen with thermal methods. however the physical improvement is a reality, and vibratory methods should be evaluated further.

  4. Characterization of Multilayered Multipass Friction Stir Weld on ASTM A572 G50 Steel

    SciTech Connect

    Lim, Yong Chae; Sanderson, Samuel; Mahoney, Murray; Yu, Xinghua; Qiao, Dongxiao; Wang, Yanli; Zhang, Wei; Feng, Zhili

    2014-01-01

    A multilayered multipass friction stir weld (MM-FSW) on ASTM A572 Grade 50 steel was characterized to understand its potential application for thick-section structures. The 15-mm-thick section was fabricated by stacking up three steel plates and then friction stir welding the plates together in a total of 5 passes. The unique butt/lap joint configuration encountered in the multilayer weld was examined to understand the effect of tool rotation direction on the joint quality especially the formation of hooking defect. Charpy V-notch impact toughness tests showed generally higher impact toughness energy for the stir zone than the base metal with a ductile fracture mode. The microhardness value was measured from 195 to 220 HV in the stir zone, while the base metal showed an average value of 170 HV. The microstructure in the stir zone and the adjacent heat affected zone was quantified using Optical and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) including Electron Backscatter Diffraction (EBSD). The increased toughness and hardness were correlated with the refined microstructure in stir zone, resulting from severe plastic deformation and subsequent dynamic recrystallization during friction stir welding.

  5. Characterization of Multilayered Multipass Friction Stir Weld on ASTM A572 G50 Steel

    DOE PAGES

    Lim, Yong Chae; Sanderson, Samuel; Mahoney, Murray; ...

    2014-01-01

    A multilayered multipass friction stir weld (MM-FSW) on ASTM A572 Grade 50 steel was characterized to understand its potential application for thick-section structures. The 15-mm-thick section was fabricated by stacking up three steel plates and then friction stir welding the plates together in a total of 5 passes. The unique butt/lap joint configuration encountered in the multilayer weld was examined to understand the effect of tool rotation direction on the joint quality especially the formation of hooking defect. Charpy V-notch impact toughness tests showed generally higher impact toughness energy for the stir zone than the base metal with a ductilemore » fracture mode. The microhardness value was measured from 195 to 220 HV in the stir zone, while the base metal showed an average value of 170 HV. The microstructure in the stir zone and the adjacent heat affected zone was quantified using Optical and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) including Electron Backscatter Diffraction (EBSD). The increased toughness and hardness were correlated with the refined microstructure in stir zone, resulting from severe plastic deformation and subsequent dynamic recrystallization during friction stir welding.« less

  6. Forging of Naval Brass (ASTM B16) - Finite Element Analysis using Ls Dyna

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Subha Sankari, T.; Sangavi, S.; Paneerselvam, T.; Venkatraman, R.; Venkatesan, M.

    2016-09-01

    Forging is one of the important manufacturing process in which products like connecting rod, transmission shaft, clutch hubs and gears are produced. Finite element analysis (FEA) in forming techniques is of recent interest for the optimal design and determination of right manufacturing forming process. The data from the numerical results can help in providing the information for selecting the ideal process conditions. Thus aside from experimental values, simulation by the finite element analysis software's such as LS DYNA can be used for the analysis of strain distribution in forging processes. In the present work, Finite element simulation of open die forging of naval brass (ASTM B16) is done at an optimal temperature. An advanced multi physics simulation software package by the Livermore software technology cooperation LSTC - LS DYNA is utilized for the simulation of forging process. For the forging validation, experiment is conducted with a cylindrical billet having height 45 mm and diameter of 40mm. The numerical results are compared with that of experimental results carried out at the same temperature and dimensions for validation. The distribution of strain is analyzed. Energy analysis due to impact load is detailed. The simulation results are found to be in good agreement with the experimental results.

  7. Processing and properties of superclean ASTM A508 Cl. 4 forgings

    SciTech Connect

    Hinkel, A.V.; Handerhan, K.J.; Manzo, G.J.; Simkins, G.P.

    1988-12-31

    Steels with improved resistance to temper embrittlement are now being produced using ``superclean`` steelmaking technology. This technology involves the use of scrap control, proper electric arc furnace and ladle refining furnace practices to produce steel with very low Mn, Si, P, S and other residual impurities such as Sn, As and Sb. This technology has been applied on a production basis to modified ASTM A508 Cl- 4 material intended for high temperature pressure vessel forgings. Processing and properties of this superclean material are reviewed. In addition, the cleanliness and mechanical properties are compared to conventionally melted A508 Cl. 4 material. The ``superclean`` A508 Cl. 4 mod. was found to meet all specification requirements. In addition, the superclean material was found to possess superior upper shelf CVN properties, a lower FATT{sub 50} and NDTT, along with superior microcleanliness compared to conventional material. Finally, the superclean material was found to be immune to temper embrittlement based on the short-term embrittlement treatments examined.

  8. Identification of collected volatile condensable material (CVCM) from ASTM E595 of silicone damper fluid

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Easton, Myriam P.; Labatete-Goeppinger, Aura C.; Fowler, Jesse D.; Liu, De-Ling

    2014-09-01

    Polydimethylsiloxane damping fluids used for structural deployment mechanisms are not required to be low outgassing. During normal use, these damping fluids are typically encapsulated; however, an unintentional leak may occur which would cause an undesirable contamination at the leak point and form volatile condensable that could reach contamination-sensitive surfaces, degrading the performance of satellites. The collected volatile condensable material (CVCM) at 25 °C from ASTM E595 of a damping fluid, MeSi-300K, was < 0.10%, when the damping fluid was maintained at 125 °C for 24 hours under 10-6 Torr vacuum. MeSi-300K viscosity is 300,000 cSt, which indicates an average molecular weight (MW) of 204,000. This large MW polymer would contain about 2,756 dimethyl siloxane (DMS) units in the chain. These long chains are not expected to be volatile; however, during manufacture, linear chains and cyclic compounds of a smaller number of DMS units produced are volatile. Gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to identify the CVCM. Characterization of these materials revealed that the CVCM contained higher MW siloxanes, straight chain and cyclic, in the range of 682 to 1196 (9 to 16 DMS units), whereas CVCM from spacequalified, silicone-based materials have lower MW, 222 to 542 (3 to 7 DMS units). Consequently, contamination from MeSi-300K material would produce greater amounts of higher-MW siloxanes than space-qualified silicones. These higher-MW species would be harder to remove by evaporation and could remain on sensitive surfaces.

  9. Alternative methods for evaluating corrosion deterioration on existing USTs prior to upgrading with cathodic protection as defined in ASTM standard practice ES40-94

    SciTech Connect

    Bushman, J.B.

    1995-12-31

    In November, 1994 ASTM approved the issuance of Emergency Standard ES40-94 defining new means for evaluating the corrosion condition of existing USTs. This paper presents the background information which lead to the formation of a committee which undertook the development of the new standard, general descriptions of each of the methodologies provided, information on the standard approval process and an outline of the continuing work effort to reissue the standard with minor editorial modifications as a regular ASTM standard.

  10. ASTM E 1559 method for measuring material outgassing/deposition kinetics has applications to aerospace, electronics, and semiconductor industries

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Garrett, J. W.; Glassford, A. P. M.; Steakley, J. M.

    1994-01-01

    The American Society for Testing and Materials has published a new standard test method for characterizing time and temperature-dependence of material outgassing kinetics and the deposition kinetics of outgassed species on surfaces at various temperatures. This new ASTM standard, E 1559(1), uses the quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) collection measurement approach. The test method was originally developed under a program sponsored by the United States Air Force Materials Laboratory (AFML) to create a standard test method for obtaining outgassing and deposition kinetics data for spacecraft materials. Standardization by ASTM recognizes that the method has applications beyond aerospace. In particular, the method will provide data of use to the electronics, semiconductor, and high vacuum industries. In ASTM E 1559 the material sample is held in vacuum in a temperature-controlled effusion cell, while its outgassing flux impinges on several QCM's which view the orifice of the effusion cell. Sample isothermal total mass loss (TML) is measured as a function of time from the mass collected on one of the QCM's which is cooled by liquid nitrogen, and the view factor from this QCM to the cell. The amount of outgassed volatile condensable material (VCM) on surfaces at higher temperatures is measured as a function of time during the isothermal outgassing test by controlling the temperatures of the remaining QCM's to selected values. The VCM on surfaces at temperatures in between those of the collector QCM's is determined at the end of the isothermal test by heating the QCM's at a controlled rate and measuring the mass loss from the end of the QCM's as a function of time and temperature. This reevaporation of the deposit collected on the QCM's is referred to as QCM thermogravimetric analysis. Isothermal outgassing and deposition rates can be determined by differentiating the isothermal TML and VCM data, respectively, while the evaporation rates of the species can be obtained as a

  11. Vacuum decay container/closure integrity testing technology. Part 1. ASTM F2338-09 precision and bias studies.

    PubMed

    Wolf, Heinz; Stauffer, Tony; Chen, Shu-Chen Y; Lee, Yoojin; Forster, Ronald; Ludzinski, Miron; Kamat, Madhav; Godorov, Phillip; Guazzo, Dana Morton

    2009-01-01

    ASTM F2338-09 Standard Test Method for Nondestructive Detection of Leaks in Packages by Vacuum Decay Method is applicable for leak-testing rigid and semi-rigid non-lidded trays; trays or cups sealed with porous barrier lidding materials; rigid, nonporous packages; and flexible, nonporous packages. Part 1 of this series describes the precision and bias studies performed in 2008 to expand this method's scope to include rigid, nonporous packages completely or partially filled with liquid. Round robin tests using three VeriPac 325/LV vacuum decay leak testers (Packaging Technologies & Inspection, LLC, Tuckahoe, NY) were performed at three test sites. Test packages were 1-mL glass syringes. Positive controls had laser-drilled holes in the barrel ranging from about 5 to 15 microm in nominal diameter. Two different leak tests methods were performed at each site: a "gas leak test" performed at 250 mbar (absolute) and a "liquid leak test" performed at about 1 mbar (absolute). The gas leak test was used to test empty, air-filled syringes. All defects with holes > or = 5.0 microm and all no-defect controls were correctly identified. The only false negative result was attributed to a single syringe with a < 5.0-microm hole. Tests performed using a calibrated air leak supported a 0.10-cm3 x min(-1) (ccm) sensitivity limit (99/99 lower tolerance limit). The liquid leak test was used to test both empty, air-filled syringes and water-filled syringes. Test results were 100% accurate for all empty and water-filled syringes, both without holes and with holes (5, 10, and 15 microm). Tests performed using calibrated air flow leaks of 0, 0.05, and 0.10 ccm were also 100% accurate; data supported a 0.10-ccm sensitivity limit (99/99 lower tolerance limit). Quantitative differential pressure results strongly correlated to hole size using either liquid or gas vacuum decay leak tests. The higher vacuum liquid leak test gave noticeably higher pressure readings when water was present in the

  12. Uptakes of Cs and Sr on San Joaquin soil measured following ASTM method C1733.

    SciTech Connect

    Ebert, W.L.; Petri, E.T.

    2012-04-04

    Series of tests were conducted following ASTM Standard Procedure C1733 to evaluate the repeatability of the test and the effects of several test parameters, including the solution-to-soil mass ratio, test duration, pH, and the concentrations of contaminants in the solution. This standard procedure is recommended for measuring the distribution coefficient (K{sub d}) of a contaminant in a specific soil/groundwater system. One objective of the current tests was to identify experimental conditions that can be used in future interlaboratory studies to determine the reproducibility of the test method. This includes the recommendation of a standard soil, the range of contaminant concentrations and solution matrix, and various test parameters. Quantifying the uncertainty in the distribution coefficient that can be attributed to the test procedure itself allows the differences in measured values to be associated with differences in the natural systems being studied. Tests were conducted to measure the uptake of Cs and Sr dissolved as CsCl and Sr(NO{sub 3}){sub 2} in a dilute NaHCO{sub 3}/SiO{sub 2} solution (representing contaminants in a silicate groundwater) by a NIST standard reference material of San Joaquin soil (SRM 2709a). Tests were run to measure the repeatability of the method and the sensitivity of the test response to the reaction time, the mass of soil used (at a constant soil-to-solution ratio), the solution pH, and the contaminant concentration. All tests were conducted in screw-top Teflon vessels at 30 C in an oven. All solutions were passed through a 0.45-{mu}m pore size cellulose acetate membrane filter and stabilized with nitric acid prior to analysis with inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Scoping tests with soil in demineralized water resulted in a solution pH of about 8.0 and the release of small amounts of Sr from the soil. Solutions were made with targeted concentrations of 1 x 10{sup -6} m, 1 x 10{sup -5} m, 2.5 x 10{sup -5} m, 5

  13. Moessbauer spectroscopy study on the corrosion resistance of plasma nitrided ASTM F138 stainless steel in chloride solution

    SciTech Connect

    Souza, S.D. de; Olzon-Dionysio, M.; Basso, R.L.O.; Souza, S. de

    2010-10-15

    Plasma nitriding of ASTM F138 stainless steel samples has been carried out using dc glow discharge under 80% H{sub 2}-20% N{sub 2} gas mixture, at 673 K, and 2, 4, and 7 h time intervals, in order to investigate the influence of treatment time on the microstructure and the corrosion resistance properties. The samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, glancing angle X-ray diffraction and conversion electron Moessbauer spectroscopy, besides electrochemical tests in NaCl aerated solution. A modified layer of about 6 {mu}m was observed for all the nitrided samples, independent of nitriding time. The X-ray diffraction analysis shows broad {gamma}{sub N} phase peaks, signifying a great degree of nitrogen supersaturation. Besides {gamma}{sub N,} the Moessbauer spectroscopy results indicated the occurrence of {gamma}' and {epsilon} phases, as well as some other less important phases. Corrosion measurements demonstrate that the plasma nitriding time affects the corrosion resistance and the best performance is reached at 4 h treatment. It seems that the {epsilon}/{gamma}' fraction ratio plays an important role on the resistance corrosion. Additionally, the Moessbauer spectroscopy was decisive in this study, since it was able to identify and quantify the iron phases that influence the corrosion resistance of plasma nitrided ASTM F138 samples.

  14. An investigation of force components in orthogonal cutting of medical grade cobalt-chromium alloy (ASTM F1537).

    PubMed

    Baron, Szymon; Ahearne, Eamonn

    2017-02-01

    An ageing population, increased physical activity and obesity are identified as lifestyle changes that are contributing to the ongoing growth in the use of in-vivo prosthetics for total hip and knee arthroplasty. Cobalt-chromium-molybdenum (Co-Cr-Mo) alloys, due to their mechanical properties and excellent biocompatibility, qualify as a class of materials that meet the stringent functional requirements of these devices. To cost effectively assure the required dimensional and geometric tolerances, manufacturers rely on high-precision machining. However, a comprehensive literature review has shown that there has been limited research into the fundamental mechanisms in mechanical cutting of these alloys. This article reports on the determination of the basic cutting-force coefficients in orthogonal cutting of medical grade Co-Cr-Mo alloy ASTM F1537 over an extended range of cutting speeds ([Formula: see text]) and levels of undeformed chip thickness ([Formula: see text]). A detailed characterisation of the segmented chip morphology over this range is also reported, allowing for an estimation of the shear plane angle and, overall, providing a basis for macro-mechanic modelling of more complex cutting processes. The results are compared with a baseline medical grade titanium alloy, Ti-6Al-4V ASTM F136, and it is shown that the tangential and thrust-force components generated were, respectively, ≈35% and ≈84% higher, depending primarily on undeformed chip thickness but with some influence of the cutting speed.

  15. Development of ASTM Standard for SiC-SiC Joint Testing Final Scientific/Technical Report

    SciTech Connect

    Jacobsen, George; Back, Christina

    2015-10-30

    As the nuclear industry moves to advanced ceramic based materials for cladding and core structural materials for a variety of advanced reactors, new standards and test methods are required for material development and licensing purposes. For example, General Atomics (GA) is actively developing silicon carbide (SiC) based composite cladding (SiC-SiC) for its Energy Multiplier Module (EM2), a high efficiency gas cooled fast reactor. Through DOE funding via the advanced reactor concept program, GA developed a new test method for the nominal joint strength of an endplug sealed to advanced ceramic tubes, Fig. 1-1, at ambient and elevated temperatures called the endplug pushout (EPPO) test. This test utilizes widely available universal mechanical testers coupled with clam shell heaters, and specimen size is relatively small, making it a viable post irradiation test method. The culmination of this effort was a draft of an ASTM test standard that will be submitted for approval to the ASTM C28 ceramic committee. Once the standard has been vetted by the ceramics test community, an industry wide standard methodology to test joined tubular ceramic components will be available for the entire nuclear materials community.

  16. Tempering Effects for Lower Bainite, Martensite, and Mixed Microstructures on Impact, Fracture, and Related Mechanical Properties of ASTM A723 Steel

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-06-01

    TABLE IV. CHARPY V-NOTCHED TRANSITION TEMPERATURES FOR A723 STEEL TEMPERED AT 593*C Treatment Microstructure DBTT * °C OF 8360 to 300°C, 2% hrs bainite...RELATED MECHANICAL & PROPERTIES OF ASTM A723 STEEL J. M. BARRANCO P. J. coltJ. .KPPDTIC . ELECTE AUG1-0 19! ii ,,.5 " .:-"• . I JUNE 1992 US ARMY...by cooling ASTM A723 steel from 8301C (1526*F) to lower temperawres, notably at 2100 and 250C (410r aid 4820P). which aro below the itart of the

  17. Electrochemical screening of organic and inorganic inhibitors for the corrosion of ASTM A-470 steel in concentrated sodium hydroxide solution

    SciTech Connect

    Moccari, A.; MacDonald, D.D.

    1985-05-01

    The corrosion of ASTM A-470 turbine disk steel in concentrated sodium hydroxide solution (10 mol/kg) containing sodium silicate, sodium dihydrogen phosphate, sodium chromate, aniline and some of its derivatives, tannic acid, L-(-)-phenylalanine (aminopropionic acid) and octadecylamine as potential inhibitors has been studied using the potentiodynamic, AC impedance, and Tafel extrapolation techniques. All tests were performed at 115 + or - 2 C. The anodic and cathodic polarization data show that aniline and its derivatives, L-(-)-phenylalanine, NaH/sub 2/PO/sub 4/, Na/sub 2/SiO/sub 3/, and Na/sub 2/CrO/sub 4/ inhibit the anodic process, whereas tannic acid inhibits the cathodic reaction. Octadecylamine was found to inhibit both the anodic and cathodic processes. The mechanisms of inhibition for some of these compounds have been inferred from the wide band width frequency dispersions of the interfacial impedance.

  18. Progress On American Society For Testing And Materials (ASTM) Practice On Thermographic Inspections Of Wood Frame Buildings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kantsios, Andronicos G.

    1982-03-01

    Methods to measure the heat loss are needed in order to evaluate the energy efficiency or the results of retrofitting wood frame buildings. Theoretical analysis with assumed building construction will give a measure of efficiency. Specific heat transfer measurements allow a more definitive analysis but only at preselected points. On the other hand, an infrared imaging instrument's data are global in nature and can verify the quality of the insulated areas through proper inspection. Such inspection requires a standard method which defines the requirements of training, gives definitions of anomalies, and lists the required procedures. This paper will discuss the status of such a thermographic standard which is currently being produced by a task force in ASTM C-16.30 for wood frame buildings. Voting on this Practice should begin this fall with passage expected in 1982.

  19. The history and development of FETAX (ASTM standard guide, E-1439 on conducting the frog embryo teratogenesis Assay-Xenopus)

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Dumont, J.N.; Bantle, J.A.; Linder, G.; ,

    2003-01-01

    The energy crisis of the 1970's and 1980's prompted the search for alternative sources of fuel. With development of alternate sources of energy, concerns for biological resources potentially adversely impacted by these alternative technologies also heightened. For example, few biological tests were available at the time to study toxic effects of effluents on surface waters likely to serve as receiving streams for energy-production facilities; hence, we began to use Xenopus laevis embryos as test organisms to examine potential toxic effects associated with these effluents upon entering aquatic systems. As studies focused on potential adverse effects on aquatic systems continued, a test procedure was developed that led to the initial standardization of FETAX. Other .than a limited number of aquatic toxicity tests that used fathead minnows and cold-water fishes such as rainbow trout, X. laevis represented the only other aquatic vertebrate test system readily available to evaluate complex effluents. With numerous laboratories collaborating, the test with X. laevis was refined, improved, and developed as ASTM E-1439, Standard Guide for the Conducting Frog Embryo Teratogenesis Assay-Xenopus (FETAX). Collabrative work in the 1990s yielded procedural enhancements, for example, development of standard test solutions and exposure methods to handle volatile organics and hydrophobic compounds. As part of the ASTM process, a collaborative interlaboratory study was performed to determine the repeatability and reliability of FETAX. Parallel to these efforts, methods were also developed to test sediments and soils, and in situ test methods were developed to address "lab-to-field extrapolation errors" that could influence the method's use in ecological risk assessments. Additionally, a metabolic activation system composed of rat liver microsomes was developed which made FETAX more relevant to mammalian studies.

  20. Spontaneous ignition in afterburner segment tests at an inlet temperature of 1240 K and a pressure of 1 atmosphere with ASTM jet-A fuel

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schultz, D. F.; Branstetter, J. R.

    1973-01-01

    A brief testing program was undertaken to determine if spontaneous ignition and stable combustion could be obtained in a jet engine afterburning operating with an inlet temperature of 1240 K and a pressure of 1 atmosphere with ASTM Jet-A fuel. Spontaneous ignition with 100-percent combustion efficiency and stable burning was obtained using water-cooled fuel spraybars as flameholders.

  1. Effect of increased fuel temperature on emissions of oxides of nitrogen from a gas turbine combustor burning ASTM jet-A fuel

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Marchionna, N. R.

    1974-01-01

    An annular gas turbine combustor was tested with heated ASTM Jet-A fuel to determine the effect of increased fuel temperature on the formation of oxides of nitrogen. Fuel temperature ranged from ambient to 700 K. The NOx emission index increased at a rate of 6 percent per 100 K increase in fuel temperature.

  2. Guidance Document for Alternative Diesel Fuels Proposed as Drop-In Fuels to Displace Diesel Fuels as Specified By ASTM Specification D975

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-07-01

    6 3.2.2 Density ...............................................................................................................7 3.2.3 Energy ... Energy EPA – United States Environmental Protection Agency IRS – United States Internal Revenue Service LTFT – ASTM D4539 Low Temperature Flow Test...DIESEL FUEL DOE, EPA, and IRS have definitions, components of these definitions include:  derived from biomass ,  Registration requirements for fuels

  3. Cyclic Polarization Behavior of ASTM A537-Cl.1 Steel in the Vapor Space Above Simulated Waste

    SciTech Connect

    Wiersma, B

    2004-11-01

    An assessment of the potential degradation mechanisms of Types I and II High-Level Waste (HLW) Tanks determined that pitting corrosion and stress corrosion cracking were the two most significant degradation mechanisms. Specifically, nitrate induced stress corrosion cracking was determined to be the principal degradation mechanism for the primary tank steel of non-stress relieved tanks. Controls on the solution chemistry have been in place to preclude the initiation and propagation of degradation in the tanks. However, recent experience has shown that steel not in contact with the bulk waste solution or slurry, but exposed to the ''vapor space'' above the bulk waste, may be vulnerable to the initiation and propagation of degradation, including pitting and stress corrosion cracking. A program to resolve the issues associated with potential vapor space corrosion is in place. The objective of the program is to develop understanding of vapor space (VSC) and liquid/air interface (LAIC) corrosion to ensure a defensible technical basis to provide accurate corrosion evaluations with regard to vapor space and liquid/air interface corrosion (similar to current evaluations). There are several needs for a technically defensible basis with sufficient understanding to perform these evaluations. These include understanding of the (1) surface chemistry evolution, (2) corrosion response through coupon testing, and (3) mechanistic understanding through electrochemical studies. Experimentation performed in FY02 determined the potential for vapor space and liquid/air interface corrosion of ASTM A285-70 and ASTM A537-Cl.1 steels. The material surface characteristics, i.e. mill-scale, polished, were found to play a key role in the pitting response. The experimentation indicated that the potential for limited vapor space and liquid/air interface pitting exists at 1.5M nitrate solution when using chemistry controls designed to prevent stress corrosion cracking. Experimentation performed in

  4. The effect of water injection on nitric oxide emissions of a gas turbine combustor burning ASTM Jet-A fuel

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Marchionna, N. R.; Diehl, L. A.; Trout, A. M.

    1973-01-01

    Tests were conducted to determine the effect of water injection on oxides of nitrogen (NOx) emissions of a full annular, ram induction gas turbine combustor burning ASTM Jet-A fuel. The combustor was operated at conditions simulating sea-level takeoff and cruise conditions. Water at ambient temperature was injected into the combustor primary zone at water-fuel ratios up to 2. At an inlet-air temperature of 589 K (600 F) water injection decreased the NOx emission index at a constant exponential rate: NOx = NOx (o) e to the -15 W/F power (where W/F is the water-fuel ratio and NOx(o) indicates the value with no injection). The effect of increasing combustor inlet-air temperature was to decrease the effect of the water injection. Other operating variables such as pressure and reference Mach number did not appear to significantly affect the percent reduction in NOx. Smoke emissions were found to decrease with increasing water injection.

  5. Narrow groove gas tungsten arc welding of ASTM A508 Class 4 steel for improved toughness properties

    SciTech Connect

    Penik, M.A. Jr.

    1997-04-01

    Welding of heavy section steel has traditionally used the automatic submerged arc welding (ASAW) process because of the high deposition rates achievable. However, the properties, particularly fracture toughness, of the weld are often inferior when compared to base material. This project evaluated the use of narrow groove gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) to improve weld material properties. The welding procedures were developed for ASTM A508 Class 4 base material using a 1% Ni filler material complying to AWS Specification A.23-90-EF3-F3-N. A narrow groove joint preparation was used in conjunction with the GTAW process so competitive fabrication rates could be achieved when compared to the ASAW process. Weld procedures were developed to refine weld substructure to achieve better mechanical properties. Two heaters of weld wire were used to examine the effects of minor filler metal chemistry differences on weld mechanical properties. Extensive metallographic evaluations showed excellent weld quality with a refined microstructure. Chemical analysis of the weld metal showed minimal weld dilution by the base metal. Mechanical testing included bend and tensile tests to ensure weld quality and strength. A Charpy impact energy curve versus temperature and fracture toughness curve versus temperature were developed for each weld wire heat. Results of fracture toughness and Charpy impact testing indicated an improved transition temperature closer to that of the base material properties.

  6. Evolving American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Procedures On Use Of Infrared (IR) Imaging Devices For Building Diagnostics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wood, James T.

    1981-01-01

    In the summer of 1979 a task group was formed under ASTM Subcommittee C16.30 Section 7. The task group was asked to develop standard practices for the utilization of infrared (IR) imaging devices for the in-situ evaluation of building insulation systems. The group's work to date has concentrated on bounding the problem and prioritizing the needs for standard procedures. Most recently, the group has concentrated on a very specific utilization of infrared (IR) imaging as a qualitative instrument for building retrofit insulation inspections. White papers on equipment specifications and interpretation of imagery were generated as guides to writing the first draft of a standard practice document on this insulation retrofit inspection problem. The first draft describes the knowledge level of the inspector, the procedures for the inspection and the instrumentation required for various levels of diagnostics. Care has been taken to insure compatibility with ASHRAE Draft Standard 101P and to insure that the document will serve the user community as a guide to proper application of infrared in this infrared (IR) applications area.

  7. Effects of thermal treatments on protein adsorption of Co-Cr-Mo ASTM-F75 alloys.

    PubMed

    Duncan, L A; Labeed, F H; Abel, M-L; Kamali, A; Watts, J F

    2011-06-01

    Post-manufacturing thermal treatments are commonly employed in the production of hip replacements to reduce shrinkage voids which can occur in cast components. Several studies have investigated the consequences of these treatments upon the alloy microstructure and tribological properties but none have determined if there are any biological ramifications. In this study the adsorption of proteins from foetal bovine serum (FBS) on three Co-Cr-Mo ASTM-F75 alloy samples with different metallurgical histories, has been studied as a function of protein concentration. Adsorption isotherms have been plotted using the surface concentration of nitrogen as a diagnostic of protein uptake as measured by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The data was a good fit to the Langmuir adsorption isotherm up to the concentration at which critical protein saturation occurred. Differences in protein adsorption on each alloy have been observed. This suggests that development of the tissue/implant interface, although similar, may differ between as-cast (AC) and heat treated samples.

  8. Sensitization Behavior of Type 409 Ferritic Stainless Steel: Confronting DL-EPR Test and Practice W of ASTM A763

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Scalise, Taís Campos; de Oliveira, Mara Cristina Lopes; Sayeg, Isaac Jamil; Antunes, Renato Altobelli

    2014-06-01

    Stainless steels employed for manufacturing automotive exhaust systems must withstand severe thermal cycles, corrosive environment due to urea decomposition, and welding operations. AISI 409 ferritic stainless steel can be considered a low-cost alternative for this application. However, depending on the manufacturing conditions during welding cycles, this material can be sensitized due to the precipitation of chromium carbides at grain boundaries. In this work, the intergranular corrosion resistances of the AISI 409 ferritic stainless steel were evaluated after annealing at 300, 500, and 700 °C for 2, 4, and 6 h. Solution-annealed samples were also tested for comparison purposes. Two methodologies were used to assess the sensitization behavior of the 409 stainless steel samples: the first one was based on the ASTM A763 (practice W), while the second one was based on the double-loop electrochemical potentiodynamic reactivation test. It was possible to identify that the annealing treatment performed at 500 °C was more critical to the occurrence of intergranular corrosion.

  9. Effect of primary-zone water injection on pollutants from a combustor burning liquid ASTM A-1 and vaporized propane fuels

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ingebo, R. D.; Norgren, C. T.

    1973-01-01

    A combustor segment 0.457 meter (18 in.) long with a maximum cross section of 0.153 by 0.305 meter (6 by 12 in.) was operated at inlet-air temperatures of 590 and 700 K, inlet-air pressures of 4 and 10 atmospheres, and fuel-air ratios of 0.014 and 0.018 to determine the effect of primary-zone water injection on pollutants from burning either propane or ASTM A-1 fuel. At a simulated takeoff condition of 10 atmospheres and 700 K, multiple-orifice nozzles used to inject water at 1 percent of the airflow rate reduced nitrogen oxides 75 percent with propane and 65 percent with ASTM A-1 fuel. Although carbon monoxide and unburned hydrocarbons increased with water injection, they remained relatively low; and smoke numbers were well below the visibility limit.

  10. Overview (this manuscript is an overview of an ASTM symposium. The authors, John Sebroski and Mark Mason, of the overview were the co-chairs of the symposium and co-editors of the manuscripts submitted for ASTM peer review and subsequent publication in the technical proceedings for the symposium)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Symposium on Developing Consensus Standards for Measuring Chemical Emissions from Spray Polyurethane Foam (SPF) Insulation was held on April 30th and May 1, 2015. Sponsored by ASTM Committee D22 on Air Quality, the symposium was held in Anaheim, CA, in conjunction with the st...

  11. Computer program for obtaining thermodynamic and transport properties of air and products of combustion of ASTM-A-1 fuel and air

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hippensteele, S. A.; Colladay, R. S.

    1978-01-01

    A computer program for determining desired thermodynamic and transport property values by means of a three-dimensional (pressure, fuel-air ratio, and either enthalpy or temperature) interpolation routine was developed. The program calculates temperature (or enthalpy), molecular weight, viscosity, specific heat at constant pressure, thermal conductivity, isentropic exponent (equal to the specific heat ratio at conditions where gases do not react), Prandtl number, and entropy for air and a combustion gas mixture of ASTM-A-1 fuel and air over fuel-air ratios from zero to stoichiometric, pressures from 1 to 40 atm, and temperatures from 250 to 2800 K.

  12. A Study of Variables That Affect Results in the ASTM D2274 Accelerated Stability Test. Part 1. Laboratory, Operator, and Process Variable Effects.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-04-01

    indicator adsorption GC Gas chromatography HPLC High-pressure liquid chromatography Hz Hertz LCO Light-cycle oils L/hr Liters per hour urm Micrometers mg...Process- Var iah Ii’ F fee-t s P FLD CROUP I- SBGROUP h te IeO StI,1i Ii i t\\ P roe edtore DI) i f viCe *𔄃 AB RACT (Continue on reverSe *f necesSary and...34 APPENDIX A - QUESTIONNAIRE ON THE USE OF THE ASTM TEST FOR OXIDATION STABILITY OF DISTILLATE FUEL OIL (ACCELERATED

  13. Validation of standard ASTM F2732 and comparison with ISO 11079 with respect to comfort temperature ratings for cold protective clothing.

    PubMed

    Gao, Chuansi; Lin, Li-Yen; Halder, Amitava; Kuklane, Kalev; Holmér, Ingvar

    2015-01-01

    American standard ASTM F2732 estimates the lowest environmental temperature for thermal comfort for cold weather protective clothing. International standard ISO 11079 serves the same purpose but expresses cold stress in terms of required clothing insulation for a given cold climate. The objective of this study was to validate and compare the temperature ratings using human subject tests at two levels of metabolic rates (2 and 4 MET corresponding to 116.4 and 232.8 W/m(2)). Nine young and healthy male subjects participated in the cold exposure at 3.4 and -30.6 °C. The results showed that both standards predict similar temperature ratings for an intrinsic clothing insulation of 1.89 clo and for 2 MET activity. The predicted temperature rating for 2 MET activity is consistent with test subjects' thermophysiological responses, perceived thermal sensation and thermal comfort. For 4 MET activity, however, the whole body responses were on the cold side, particularly the responses of the extremities. ASTM F2732 is also limited due to its omission and simplification of three climatic variables (air velocity, radiant temperature and relative humidity) and exposure time in the cold which are of practical importance.

  14. Application of Response Surface Methodology for Modeling of Postweld Heat Treatment Process in a Pressure Vessel Steel ASTM A516 Grade 70

    PubMed Central

    Peasura, Prachya

    2015-01-01

    This research studied the application of the response surface methodology (RSM) and central composite design (CCD) experiment in mathematical model and optimizes postweld heat treatment (PWHT). The material of study is a pressure vessel steel ASTM A516 grade 70 that is used for gas metal arc welding. PWHT parameters examined in this study included PWHT temperatures and time. The resulting materials were examined using CCD experiment and the RSM to determine the resulting material tensile strength test, observed with optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The experimental results show that using a full quadratic model with the proposed mathematical model is YTS = −285.521 + 15.706X1 + 2.514X2 − 0.004X12 − 0.001X22 − 0.029X1X2. Tensile strength parameters of PWHT were optimized PWHT time of 5.00 hr and PWHT temperature of 645.75°C. The results show that the PWHT time is the dominant mechanism used to modify the tensile strength compared to the PWHT temperatures. This phenomenon could be explained by the fact that pearlite can contribute to higher tensile strength. Pearlite has an intensity, which results in increased material tensile strength. The research described here can be used as material data on PWHT parameters for an ASTM A516 grade 70 weld. PMID:26550602

  15. ASTM Committee C28: International Standards for Properties and Performance of Advanced Ceramics-Three Decades of High-Quality, Technically-Rigorous Normalization

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jenkins, Michael G.; Salem, Jonathan A.

    2016-01-01

    Physical and mechanical properties and performance of advanced ceramics and glasses are difficult to measure correctly without the proper techniques. For over three decades, ASTM Committee C28 on Advanced Ceramics, has developed high-quality, technically-rigorous, full-consensus standards (e.g., test methods, practices, guides, terminology) to measure properties and performance of monolithic and composite ceramics that may be applied to glasses in some cases. These standards contain testing particulars for many mechanical, physical, thermal, properties and performance of these materials. As a result these standards are used to generate accurate, reliable, repeatable and complete data. Within Committee C28, users, producers, researchers, designers, academicians, etc. have written, continually updated, and validated through round-robin test programs, 50 standards since the Committee's founding in 1986. This paper provides a detailed retrospective of the 30 years of ASTM Committee C28 including a graphical pictogram listing of C28 standards along with examples of the tangible benefits of standards for advanced ceramics to demonstrate their practical applications.

  16. Fitting psychometric functions using a fixed-slope parameter: an advanced alternative for estimating odor thresholds with data generated by ASTM E679.

    PubMed

    Peng, Mei; Jaeger, Sara R; Hautus, Michael J

    2014-03-01

    Psychometric functions are predominately used for estimating detection thresholds in vision and audition. However, the requirement of large data quantities for fitting psychometric functions (>30 replications) reduces their suitability in olfactory studies because olfactory response data are often limited (<4 replications) due to the susceptibility of human olfactory receptors to fatigue and adaptation. This article introduces a new method for fitting individual-judge psychometric functions to olfactory data obtained using the current standard protocol-American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) E679. The slope parameter of the individual-judge psychometric function is fixed to be the same as that of the group function; the same-shaped symmetrical sigmoid function is fitted only using the intercept. This study evaluated the proposed method by comparing it with 2 available methods. Comparison to conventional psychometric functions (fitted slope and intercept) indicated that the assumption of a fixed slope did not compromise precision of the threshold estimates. No systematic difference was obtained between the proposed method and the ASTM method in terms of group threshold estimates or threshold distributions, but there were changes in the rank, by threshold, of judges in the group. Overall, the fixed-slope psychometric function is recommended for obtaining relatively reliable individual threshold estimates when the quantity of data is limited.

  17. A modified ASTM C1012 procedure for qualifying blended cements containing limestone and SCMs for use in sulfate-rich environments

    SciTech Connect

    Barcelo, Laurent; Gartner, Ellis; Barbarulo, Rémi; Hossack, Ashlee; Ahani, Reza; Thomas, Michael; Hooton, Doug; Brouard, Eric; Delagrave, Anik; Blair, Bruce

    2014-09-15

    Blended Portland cements containing up to 15% limestone have recently been introduced into Canada and the USA. These cements were initially not allowed for use in sulfate environments but this restriction has been lifted in the Canadian cement specification, provided that the “limestone cement” includes sufficient SCM and that it passes a modified version of the CSA A3004-C8 (equivalent to ASTM C1012) test procedure run at a low temperature (5 °C). This new procedure is proposed as a means of predicting the risk of the thaumasite form of sulfate attack in concretes containing limestone cements. The goal of the present study was to better understand how this approach works both in practice and in theory. Results from three different laboratories utilizing the CSA A3004-C8 test procedure are compared and analyzed, while also taking into account the results of thermodynamic modeling and of thaumasite formation experiments conducted in dilute suspensions.

  18. Performance of Detonation Gun-Sprayed Ni-20Cr Coating on ASTM A213 TP347H Steel in a Boiler Environment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaushal, G.; Singh, H.; Prakash, S.

    2012-09-01

    Detonation gun-sprayed coatings are known for their high density, high bond strength, moderate substrate heating, superior surface finish, better wear/corrosion resistance, and low cost. In this study, detonation gun-spraying technique was used to deposit Ni-20Cr coating on a commonly used boiler steel ASTM A213 TP347H. The specimens with and without coating were subjected to cyclic oxidation testing at an elevated temperature of 700 °C in actual boiler environment to ascertain the usefulness of the coating. The mass change technique was used to establish the kinetics of erosion-corrosion. XRD and SEM/EDS techniques were used to analyze the exposed samples. The uncoated sample suffered from erosion, and a significant mass loss was recorded. It was observed that overall mass loss was reduced by 83% and thickness loss by 53% after the application of the coating. The detonation gun-sprayed Ni-20 Cr coating was found to be suitable to impart erosion resistance to the given steel in the actual boiler environment.

  19. Blasting and Passivation Treatments for ASTM F139 Stainless Steel for Biomedical Applications: Effects on Surface Roughness, Hardening, and Localized Corrosion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barboza, Adriana L. Lemos; Kang, Kyung Won; Bonetto, Rita D.; Llorente, Carlos L.; Bilmes, Pablo D.; Gervasi, Claudio A.

    2015-01-01

    Due to the combination of good biofunctionality and biocompatibility at low cost, AISI 316 low carbon vacuum melting (LVM) stainless steel, as considered in ASTM F139 standard, is often the first choice for medical implants, particularly for use in orthopedic surgery. Proper surface finish must be provided to ensure adequate interactions of the alloy with human body tissues that in turn allows the material to deliver the desired performance. Preliminary studies performed in our laboratory on AISI 316LVM stainless steel surfaces modified by glass bead blasting (from industrial supplier) followed by different nitric acid passivation conditions disclosed the necessity to extend parameters of the surface treatments and to further consider roughness, pitting corrosion resistance, and surface and subsurface hardening measurements, all in one, as the most effective characterization strategy. This was the approach adopted in the present work. Roughness assessment was performed by means of amplitude parameters, functional parameters, and an estimator of the fractal dimension that characterizes surface topography. We clearly demonstrate that the blasting treatment should be carried out under controlled conditions in order to obtain similar surface and subsurface properties. Otherwise, a variation in one of the parameters could modify the surface properties, exerting a profound impact on its application as biomaterial. A passivation step is necessary to offset the detrimental effect of blasting on pitting corrosion resistance.

  20. Results of the second Round Robin on opening-load measurement conducted by ASTM Task Group E24.04.04 on crack closure measurement and analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Phillips, E. P.

    1993-01-01

    A second experimental Round Robin on the measurement of the crack opening load in fatigue crack growth tests has been completed by the ASTM Task Group E24.04.04 on Crack Closure Measurement and Analysis. Fourteen laboratories participated in the testing of aluminum alloy compact tension specimens. Opening-load measurements were made at three crack lengths during constant Delta K, constant stress ratio tests by most of the participants. Four participants made opening-load measurements during threshold tests. All opening-load measurements were based on the analysis of specimens compliance behavior, where the displacement/strain was measured either at the crack mouth or the mid-height back face location. The Round Robin data were analyzed for opening load using two non-subjective analysis methods: the compliance offset and the correlation coefficient methods. The scatter in the opening load results was significantly reduced when some of the results were excluded from the analysis population based on an accept/reject criterion for raw data quality. The compliance offset and correlation coefficient opening load analysis methods produced similar results for data populations that had been screened to eliminate poor quality data.

  1. Use of the ASTM standard for risk-based corrective action to support no further action at petroleum-impacted sites

    SciTech Connect

    Robles, H.; Haffman, B.; Manweiler, D.

    1996-08-01

    In July 1994, the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) published their Emergency Standard Guide for Risk-Based Corrective Action Applied to Petroleum Release Sites (ES 38-94). This document is a decision-making tool designed to help standardize, simplify and expedite the restoration and closure of sites contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons. To achieve these objectives, ES 38-94 directs the response efforts - site assessment and remediation - toward protection of human health and the environment. This is done using a tiered approach that advances from (1) evaluation of site-specific conditions and risks, to (2) screening risk assessment, to (3) sophisticated risk assessment. Sites already in remediation often require sophisticated risk assessment (Tier III) to advance the restoration/closure process. To aid such assessment, ES 38-94 provides the fate-and-transport models and exposure equations best designed for the evaluation of risks from petroleum release sites. This paper explains the ES 38-94 process, describes the application of the risk assessment models at two leaking underground fuel tank sites in California, and offers suggestions for the future use of risk-based corrective action methodology to support requests for no further action.

  2. ASTM D395 Short-Term Compression Set of Solid (Non-Porous) Siloxanes: SE 1700, Sylgard 184, and "New" M9787

    SciTech Connect

    Small, Ward; Pearson, Mark A.; Jensen, Wayne A.

    2015-09-13

    Compression set of solid (non-porous) Dow Corning SE 1700, Sylgard 184, and “new” M9787 siloxane elastomers was measured according to ASTM D395 Method B. Specimens of SE 1700 were made using (1) the manufacturer’s suggested cure of 150°C for 30 min and (2) an extended cure of 60°C for 6 h and 150°C for 1 h followed by a post-cure under nitrogen purge at 125°C for 12 h. Four specimens of each material were aged at 25-27% compressive strain at 70°C under nitrogen purge for 70 h. Final thickness of each specimen was measured after a 30-min cooling/relaxation period, and compression set relative to deflection was calculated. The average compression set relative to deflection was 6.0% for SE 1700 made using the extended cure and post-cure, 11.3% for SE 1700 made using the manufacturer’s suggested cure, 12.1% for Sylgard 184, and 1.9% for M9787. The extended cure and post-cure reduced the amount of compression set in SE 1700.

  3. 18 CFR 3b.221 - Access of records to individuals concerned.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... system manager, in consultation with a medical doctor or a psychologist, access to such records could have an adverse effect upon the individual. When the system manager and a doctor determine that the... system manager may transmit such information to a medical doctor named by the requesting individual....

  4. 18 CFR 3b.221 - Access of records to individuals concerned.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... system manager, in consultation with a medical doctor or a psychologist, access to such records could have an adverse effect upon the individual. When the system manager and a doctor determine that the... system manager may transmit such information to a medical doctor named by the requesting individual....

  5. Comparison of ASTM D613 and ASTM D6890

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-04-01

    2 2.1 COMPRESSION IGNITION QUALITY OF DISTILLATE FUELS...viii LIST OF FIGURES Figure Page Figure 1. Ignition Quality Compared to Structure...Fuel Ignition Quality Tester (IQT) ...................................................................... 6 Figure 5. Ignition Delay Precision

  6. Laboratory Study on Prevention of CaO-Containing ASTM "D-Type" Inclusions in Al-Deoxidized Low-Oxygen Steel Melts During Basic Slag Refining

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jiang, Min; Wang, Xin-Hua; Yang, Die; Lei, Shao-Long; Wang, Kun-Peng

    2015-12-01

    Present work was attempted to explore the possibility of preventing CaO-containing inclusions in Al-deoxidized low-oxygen special steel during basic slag refining, which were known as ASTM D-type inclusions. Based on the analysis on formation thermodynamics of CaO-containing inclusions, a series of laboratory experiments were designed and carried out in a vacuum induction furnace. During the experiments, slag/steel reaction equilibrium was intentionally suppressed with the aim to decrease the CaO contents in inclusions, which is different from ordinary concept that slag/steel reaction should be promoted for better control of inclusions. The obtained results showed that high cleanliness of steel was obtained in all the steel melts, with total oxygen contents varied between 0.0003 and 0.0010 pct. Simultaneously, formation of CaO-containing inclusions was successfully prohibited, and all the formed oxide inclusions were MgO-Al2O3 or/and Al2O3 in very small sizes of about 1 to 3 μm. And 90 pct to nearly 98 pct of them were wrapped by relative thicker MnS outer surface layers to produce dual-phased "(MgO-Al2O3) + MnS" or "Al2O3 + MnS" complex inclusions. Because of much better ductility of MnS, certain deformability of these complex inclusions can be expected which is helpful to improve fatigue resistance property of steel. Only very limited number of singular MnS inclusions were with sizes larger than 13 μm, which were formed during solidification because of. In the end, formation of oxide inclusions in steel was qualitatively evaluated and discussed.

  7. ASTM Special Technical Publication - Overview

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Linder, Gregory L.; Krest, S.; Sparling, Don; Little, Edward

    2003-01-01

    Original research discusses the protocols and approaches to studying the effects of multiple environmental stressors on amphibian populations and gives new perspectives on this complicated subject. This new publication integrates a variety of stressors that can act in concert and may ultimately cause a decline in amphibian populations.Sixteen peer-reviewed papers cover:Toxicity Assessment examines methods, which range from long-established laboratory approaches for evaluating adverse chemical effects to amphibians, to methods that link chemicals in surface waters, sediments, and soils with adverse effects observed among amphibians in the field.Field and Laboratory Studies illustrates studies in the evaluation of multiple stressor effects that may lead to declining amphibian populations. A range of laboratory and field studies of chemicals, such as herbicides, insecticides, chlorinated organic compounds, metals, and complex mixtures are also included.Causal Analysis demonstrates the range of tools currently available for evaluating "cause-effect" relationships between environmental stressors and declining amphibian populations.Audience: This new publication is a must-have for scientists and resource management professionals from diverse fields, including ecotoxicology, chemistry, ecology, field biology, conservation biology, and natural resource management.

  8. Standard specification for ASTM thermometers

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    Specifications are given for both solid-stem thermometers and enclosed scale thermometers. For the solid-stem thermometers, the specification covers liquid-in-glass thermometers graduated in Celsius (centigrade) or Fahrenheit degrees which are frequently specified in methods of the American Society for Testing and Materials. The various thermometers covered are listed. For enclosed-scale thermometers, the specification covers adjustable-range enclosed-scale thermometers, graduated in Celsius (centigrade) degrees, which are specified in methods of the American Society for Testing and Materials. These thermometers are commonly called Beckmann thermometers, and are suitable for measuring small temperature differences not exceeding 6/sup 0/C within a larger range of temperature. The thermometers, however, are unsuitable for measuring Celsius- or kelvin-scale temperatures unless they have been compared with standard instruments immediately before use.

  9. Design and characterisation of a new duplex surface system based on S-phase hardening and carbon-based coating for ASTM F1537 Co-Cr-Mo alloy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Luo, Xia; Li, Xiaoying

    2014-02-01

    Co-Cr-Mo alloys are one of the most widely used metallic biomaterials for metal-on-metal joint prostheses. However, concerns over increased revision rates mainly due to nano-sized wear debris have been raised. This study was aimed at enhancing the friction, wear and load-bearing properties of Co-Cr-Mo alloys by developing a new duplex surface system combining super hard and wear-resistant S-phase layer with self-lubricating, low-friction carbon-based coating. To this end, ASTM

  10. Whole Glove Permeation of Cyclohexanol Through Disposable Nitrile Gloves on a Dextrous Robot Hand and Comparison with the Modified Closed-Loop ASTM F739 Method 1. No Fist Clenching.

    PubMed

    Mathews, Airek R; Que Hee, Shane S

    2016-10-18

    The aim was to develop a whole glove permeation method for cyclohexanol to generate permeation parameter data for a non-moving dextrous robot hand (normalized breakthrough time tb, standardized breakthrough time ts, steady state permeation rate Ps, and diffusion coefficient D). Four types of disposable powderless, unsupported and unlined nitrile gloves from the same producer were investigated: Safeskin Blue, and Kimtech Science Blue, Purple, and Sterling. The whole glove method developed involved a peristaltic pump for water circulation through chemically resistant Viton tubing to continually wash the inner surface of the test glove via holes in the tubing, a dextrous robot hand operated by a microprocessor, a chemically protective nitrile glove to protect the robot hand, an incubator to maintain 35°C temperature, and a hot plate to maintain 35°C at the sampling point of the circulating water. Aliquots of 1.0 mL were sampled at regular time intervals for the first 60 min followed by removal of 0.5 mL aliquots every hour to 8 h. Quantification was by the internal standard method after gas chromatography-selective ion electron impact mass spectrometry using a non-polar capillary column. The individual glove values of tb and ts differed for the ASTM closed loop method except for Safeskin Blue, but did not for the whole glove method. Most of the kinetic parameters agreed within an order of magnitude for the two techniques. The order of most protective to least protective glove was Blue and Safeskin, then Purple followed by Sterling for the whole gloves. The analogous order for the modified F739 ASTM closed loop method was: Safeskin, Blue, Purple, and Sterling, almost the same as for the whole glove. The Sterling glove was "not recommended" from the closed-loop data, and was "poor" from the whole glove data.

  11. ASTM Data Banks and Chemical Information Sources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Batik, Albert; Hale, Eleanor

    1972-01-01

    Among the data described are infrared indexes, mass spectral data, chromatographic data, X-ray emmission data, odor and taste threshold data, and thermodynamics data. This paper provides the chemical documentarian a complete reference source to a wide variety of analytical data. (Author/NH)

  12. Biodiesel Fuel Quality and the ASTM Standard

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Biodiesel is usually produced from vegetable oils, animal fats and used cooking oils with alternative feedstocks such as algae receiving increasing interest. The transesterification reaction which produces biodiesel also produces glycerol and proceeds stepwise via mono- and diacylglycerol intermedia...

  13. Validation of a New Soil VOC Sampler: Revision of ASTM Practice D 6418, Standard Practice for Using the Disposable En Core Sampler for Sampling and Storing Soil for Volatile Organic Analysis, and Development of a Subsurface Sampling/Storage Device for VOC Analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Susan S. Sorini; John F. Schabron; Joseph F. Rovani

    2003-09-15

    Soil sampling and storage practices for volatile organic analysis must be designed to minimize loss of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from samples. The En Core{reg_sign} sampler is designed to collect and store soil samples in a manner that minimizes loss of contaminants due to volatilization and/or biodegradation. An American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standard practice, D 6418, Standard Practice for Using the Disposable En Core Sampler for Sampling and Storing Soil for Volatile Organic Analysis, describes use of the En Core sampler to collect and store a soil sample of approximately 5 grams or 25 grams for volatile organic analysis. To support the ASTM practice, a study was performed to estimate the precision of the performance of the 5-gram and 25-gram En Core samplers to store soil samples spiked with low concentrations of VOCs. This report discusses revision of ASTM Practice D 6418 to include information on the precision of the En Core devices and to reference an ASTM research report on the precision study. This report also discusses revision of the ASTM practice to list storage at -12 {+-} 2 C for up to 14 days and at 4 {+-} 2 C for up to 48 hours followed by storage at -12 {+-} 2C for up to 5 days as acceptable conditions for samples stored in the En Core devices. Data supporting use of these storage conditions are given in an appendix to the practice and are presented in the research report referenced for the precision study. Prior to this revision, storage in the device was specified at 4 {+-} 2 C for up to 48 hours. The En Core sampler is designed to collect soil samples for VOC analysis at the soil surface. To date, a sampling tool for collecting and storing subsurface soil samples for VOC analysis does not exist. Development of a subsurface VOC sampling/storage device was initiated in 1999. This device, which is called the Accu Core sampler, is designed so that a soil sample can be collected below the surface using a penetrometer and

  14. 47 CFR 90.379 - ASTM E2213-03 DSRC Standard (ASTM-DSRC Standard).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PRIVATE LAND MOBILE RADIO SERVICES Intelligent Transportation Systems Radio Service... for Telecommunications and Information Exchange Between Roadside and Vehicle Systems—5 GHz...

  15. 47 CFR 90.379 - ASTM E2213-03 DSRC Standard (ASTM-DSRC Standard).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PRIVATE LAND MOBILE RADIO SERVICES Intelligent Transportation Systems Radio Service... for Telecommunications and Information Exchange Between Roadside and Vehicle Systems—5 GHz...

  16. Time dependence of solid-particle impingement erosion of an aluminum alloy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Veerabhadrarao, P.; Buckley, D. H.

    1983-01-01

    Erosion studies were conducted on 6061-T6511 aluminum alloy by using jet impingement of glass beads and crushed glass particles to investigate the influence of exposure time on volume loss rate at different pressures. The results indicate a direct relationship between erosion-versus-time curves and pitmorphology (width, depth, and width-depth ratio)-versus-time curves for both glass forms. Extensive erosion data from the literature were analyzed to find the variations of erosion-rate-versus-time curves with respect to the type of device, the size and shape of erodent particles, the abrasive charge, the impact velocity, etc. Analysis of the experimental data, obtained with two forms of glass, resulted in three types of erosion-rate-versus-time curves: (1) curves with incubation, acceleration, and steadystate periods (type 1); (2) curves with incubation, acceleration, decleration, and steady-state periods (type 3); and (3) curves with incubation, acceleration, peak rate, and deceleration periods (type 4). The type 4 curve is a less frequently seen curve and was not reported in the literature. Analysis of extensive literature data generally indicated three types of erosion-rate-versus-time curves. Two types (types 1 and 3) were observed in the present study; the third type involves incubation (and deposition), acceleration, and steady-state periods (type 2). Examination of the extensive literature data indicated that it is absolutely necessary to consider the corresponding stages or periods of erosion in correlating and characterizing erosion resistance of a wide spectrum of ductile materials.

  17. Tribological characteristics of aluminum alloys against steel lubricated by ammonium and imidazolium ionic liquids

    SciTech Connect

    Qu, Jun; Blau, Peter Julian; Dai, Sheng; Luo, Huimin; Meyer III, Harry M; Truhan, John J.

    2009-01-01

    Sliding friction and wear characteristics of aluminum alloys against AISI 52100 steel lubricated by ionic liquids (ILs) were investigated at both room and elevated temperatures. The tested aluminum alloys include a commercially pure aluminum Al 1100, a wrought alloy Al 6061-T6511, and a cast alloy Al 319-T6. The lubricating performance of two ILs with the same anion, one ammonium-based [C8H17]3NH.Tf2N and one imidazolium-based C10mim.Tf2N, were compared each other and benchmarked against that of a conventional fully-formulated engine oil. Significant friction (up to 35%) and wear (up to 55%) reductions were achieved by the ammonium IL when lubricating the three aluminum alloys compared to the engine oil. The imidazolium IL performed better than the oil but not as well as the ammonium IL for Al 1100 and 319 alloys. However, accelerated wear was unexpectedly observed for Al 6061 alloy when lubricated by C10mim.Tf2N. Surface chemical analyses implied complex tribochemical reactions between the aluminum surfaces and ILs during the wear testing, which has been demonstrated either beneficial by forming a protective boundary film or detrimental by causing severe tribo-corrosion. The effects of the IL cation structure, aluminum alloy composition, and tribo-testing condition on the friction and wear results have been discussed.

  18. Masonry: Materials, testing, and applications. ASTM special technical publication 1356

    SciTech Connect

    Brisch, J.H.; Nelson, R.L.; Francis, H.L.

    1999-07-01

    Masonry is one of mankind's oldest arts. The construction of shelters, buildings, castles, and fortresses has been the life work of untold numbers of artists, architects, masons, plasterers, and laborers. Today people marvel at the ancient structures still standing after hundreds and thousands of years. Works such as the Great Wall of China, The Roman Coliseum, the cathedrals of Europe, and masonry bridges still in use after hundreds of years of wear and tear, encourage us to better understand the art, the mechanics, and the chemistries involved in building and maintaining these structures. In this seminar, the authors attempt to convey their experiences towards a better understanding of the principles and mechanics involved in designing and building masonry structures. The papers presented do just that. Separate abstracts were prepared for most papers.

  19. ASTM test methods for composite characterization and evaluation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Masters, John E.

    1994-01-01

    A discussion of the American Society for Testing and Materials is given. Under the topic of composite materials characterization and evaluation, general industry practice and test methods for textile composites are presented.

  20. Biodiesel Fuel Quality and the ASTM Biodiesel Standard

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Biodiesel is usually produced from vegetable oils, animal fats and used cooking oils with alternative feedstocks such as algae receiving increasing interest. The transesterification reaction which produces biodiesel also produces glycerol and proceeds stepwise via mono- and diacylglycerol intermedi...

  1. New ASTM Standards for Nondestructive Testing of Aerospace Composites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Waller, Jess M.; Saulsberry, Regor L.

    2010-01-01

    Problem: Lack of consensus standards containing procedural detail for NDE of polymer matrix composite materials: I. Flat panel composites. II. Composite components with more complex geometries a) Pressure vessels: 1) composite overwrapped pressure vessels (COPVs). 2) composite pressure vessels (CPVs). III. Sandwich core constructions. Metal and brittle matrix composites are a possible subject of future effort.

  2. Variations in the Bainite Hardenability of ASTM A723 Steel

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-05-01

    REFERENCES 10 TABLES I. CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM ESR , CONVENTIONALLY REFINED, 5 AND CALCIUM TREATED STEELS II. COMPARISON OF LABORATORY...balnite formation is detected in the ESR refined sample. However, our survey of A723 steels from a number of suppliers who employ various refining tech...hardenability steels that we have analyzed have nickel concentrations near two percent. The ESR sample is typical of alloys that we classify as high

  3. Mechanical and Physical Properties of ASTM C33 Sand

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-02-01

    physics- based interpretation theory (where each of the acting mechanisms is iden- tified and determined separately) limits the accuracy of interpreting...or a pene- tration theory . Penetration theories can be purely empirical, empirical with physical elements, or purely physical. The most...distinguishable except through computationally intensive, nonunique trial-and-error iterative methods, making it extremely difficult to determine soil

  4. Image analysis of corrosion pit initiation on ASTM type A240 stainless steel and ASTM type A 1008 carbon steel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nine, H. M. Zulker

    The adversity of metallic corrosion is of growing concern to industrial engineers and scientists. Corrosion attacks metal surface and causes structural as well as direct and indirect economic losses. Multiple corrosion monitoring tools are available although those are time-consuming and costly. Due to the availability of image capturing devices in today's world, image based corrosion control technique is a unique innovation. By setting up stainless steel SS 304 and low carbon steel QD 1008 panels in distilled water, half-saturated sodium chloride and saturated sodium chloride solutions and subsequent RGB image analysis in Matlab, in this research, a simple and cost-effective corrosion measurement tool has identified and investigated. Additionally, the open circuit potential and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy results have been compared with RGB analysis to gratify the corrosion. Additionally, to understand the importance of ambiguity in crisis communication, the communication process between Union Carbide and Indian Government regarding the Bhopal incident in 1984 was analyzed.

  5. Recent Improvements to the ASTM-Type Ultrasonic Reference Block System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-07-01

    80 80 80 93.0 82.2 97.7 49.7 50.0 58.5 20.3 20,2 24,5 (a) Spread/Average LS-4 LS-5 LS-6 Percent a 80 80 80 80 80 92.3 91.2...63 64,5 +14,3 -11.4 37 39,5 +18.1 -13,3 14 13,5 11/16-ln ball (17,5-inin ball) 8-0050 8-0100 8-0225 80 80 80 80 80 80 78,8 77,7 91,0 86,5

  6. 77 FR 50113 - ASTM International-Food and Drug Administration Workshop on Absorbable Medical Devices: Lessons...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-20

    ... attendee, including name, title, affiliation, address, email, and telephone number. Those without Internet access should contact Maureen Dreher or Erica Takai to register (see Contact Person). Registrants will... requirements after registration and will be sent connection access information after November 23, 2012. If...

  7. Integration of Nanofluids into Commercial Antifreeze Concentrates with ASTM D15 Corrosion Testing

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-05-01

    Nanofluids in Ethylene Glycol /Water Solution The first stage evaluation was focused on dispersion stability and thermal conductivity increase (which...practical for use. The first stage evaluation was not tried with commercial antifreeze concentrate (Zerex Antifreeze). Instead pure ethylene glycol ...Lockwood1 1 Valvoline New Product Development Laboratory, Ashland Consumer Markets, Lexington, Kentucky. 2 Tank Automotive Research, Development

  8. 78 FR 13243 - Updates to Standards Incorporated by Reference; Reapproved ASTM Standards; Technical Amendment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-27

    ... (Reapproved 46 56.01-2 Steel, Electric-Fusion (Arc)-- 2012). Welded (Sizes NPS 16 and Over). Standard Specification for A179/A179M-90a A179/A179M-90a 46 56.01-2 Seamless Cold-Drawn Low-Carbon (1996). (Reapproved... Specification for Pipe, Steel, Electric-Fusion (Arc)-Welded (Sizes NPS 16 and Over). A179/A179M-90a...

  9. Observation of Cleavage Fracture after Substantial Dimple Rupture in ASTM A710 Steel

    SciTech Connect

    Reuter, Walter Graham; Lloyd, Wilson Randolph

    2000-07-01

    A major concern often arising in structural integrity predictions is the possibility that low-energy brittle fracture could result as a consequence of cleavage either under normal operating or design accident conditions. This can be especially troublesome when the leak-before-break (LBB) approach shows an additional safety margin of the design. For LBB to be applicable, the fracture process must remain ductile (dimple rupture), and not change to cleavage. The American Society for Mechanical Engineers Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (Code) provides guidelines for avoiding cleavage fracture for Code-accepted materials. Experimental results for a non-Code steel are provided, and show that cleavage may occur for a thickness under16 mm (where the code suggests it will not) after stable crack growth (∆a) of up to 20 mm. This work is still in progress; test results are provided along with possible reasons for the mode transition, but complete explanations are still being developed.

  10. Unusually High Fracture Toughness of ASTM A723 Steel from a Mixed Martensite/Bainite Microstructure

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-11-01

    V) o J. A. KAPP L. MEISEL (%J J. BARRANCO P. J. COTE I R. N. WRIGHT DTIC’• E-LECTED SJANO0 3 1991 NOVEMBER 19 S E 0 US ARMY ARMAMENT RESEARCH...Kapp, J. Barranco , L. M~eisel, P.J. Cote, and R.N. Wright (See reverse) S. PERPORMING ORGANIZATION NAME AND ADDRESS 10. PROGRAM ELEMENT. PROJECT. TASK

  11. Hot corrosion evaluation of aluminide coated superalloys in support of an ASTM Round Robin program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Santoro, G.

    1975-01-01

    Commercial aluminized coatings on substrates were hot corroded at 900 C in a 0.3 Mach burner rig with 5 ppm synthetic sea salt and at two cycling frequencies. Extensive post-exposure examinations were conducted on the corroded specimens such as metallography, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, microprobe raster scans, and spectrographic analyses. Thermodynamic calculations were made of the equilibrium burner flame composition and the calculations were compared to the experimental findings. It was found that localized spalling of the coatings preceded coating failure. It is suggested that the spalling of the coatings is due to the formation of localized stresses caused by the depletion of chromium and aluminum in the coating or the enrichment of the coating with sulfur. For the materials and test conditions investigated, it was found that coating life is dependent only upon the initial coating thickness and not on the type of aluminized coating, the substrate, or the cycle frequency.

  12. Hydrogen Cracking and Stress Corrosion of Pressure Vessel Steel ASTM A543

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    AlShawaf, Ali Hamad

    The purpose of conducting this research is to develop fundamental understanding of the weldability of the modern Quenched and Tempered High Strength Low Alloy (Q&T HSLA) steel, regarding the cracking behavior and susceptibility to environmental cracking in the base metal and in the heat affected zone (HAZ) when welded. A number of leaking cracks developed in the girth welds of the pressure vessel after a short time of upgrading the material from plain carbon steel to Q&T HSLA steel. The new vessels were constructed to increase the production of the plant and also to save weight for the larger pressure vessel. The results of this research study will be used to identify safe welding procedure and design more weldable material. A standardized weldability test known as implant test was constructed and used to study the susceptibility of the Q&T HSLA steel to hydrogen cracking. The charged hydrogen content for each weld was recorded against the applied load during weldability testing. The lack of understanding in detail of the interaction between hydrogen and each HAZ subzone in implant testing led to the need of developing the test to obtain more data about the weldability. The HAZ subzones were produced using two techniques: standard furnace and GleebleRTM machine. These produced subzones were pre-charged with hydrogen to different levels of concentration. The hydrogen charging on the samples simulates prior exposure of the material to high humidity environment during welding process. Fractographical and microstructural characterization of the HAZ subzones were conducted using techniques such as SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy). A modified implant test using the mechanical tensile machine was also used to observe the effects of the hydrogen on the cracking behavior of each HAZ subzone. All the experimental weldability works were simulated and validated using a commercial computational software, SYSWELD. The computational simulation of implant testing of Q&T HSLA with the previously used plain carbon steel and other currently used pressure vessel steels was successfully completed. The experimental and computational results of the Q&T HSLA steel agreed well with each other. The susceptibility of the Q&T A543 steel to stress corrosion cracking was investigated using the slow strain rate testing under different environments and conditions. Also, advanced corrosion study using the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy was done at different conditions. The corrosion study revealed that this A543 steel is prone to form pits in most of the conditions. The model results in the corrosion study were validated with the Gamry Echem Analyst software that A543 steel tends to form pits in the tested environment.

  13. J-Integral Tearing Instability Analysis for 8-Inch Diameter ASTM A106 Steel Pipe.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-05-01

    NUREG 074416. The J/Tmaterial curves for the pipe tests calculated using elastic compliance and DCPD results are shown in Figures 29 and 30...Gudas and J.A. Joyce "Experimental Investigation of Tearing Instability Phenomena for Structural Materials" U.S. Nuclear Regula- tory Commission, NUREG /CR...Tests of Compact and Pipe Specimens Utilizing a Test System Made Compliant by Computer Control", U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Report, NUREG CR

  14. Method for Estimating Evaporative Potential (IM/CLO) from ASTM Standard Single Wind Velocity Measures

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-08-10

    actual measured values of im/clo at 1 m/s, RMSE = 0.013 and MAE = 0.009. This report describes the mathematical methods for estimating the...thermal manikin; mathematical model; thermoregulation modeling; predictive modeling; physiological Unclassified Unclassified Unclassified Unclassified...and actual measured values of im/clo at 1 m/s, RMSE = 0.013 and MAE = 0.009. This report describes the mathematical methods for estimating the

  15. An Analytical Means of Determining Mass Loss from High Velocity Rigid Penetrators based on the Thermodynamic and Mechanical Properties of the Penetrator and Target

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Foster, Joseph C., Jr.; Jones, S. E.; Rule, William; Toness, Odin

    1999-06-01

    Penetration of 6061-T6511 Aluminum Target by Ogive-Nose Projectiles with Striking Velocities between 0.5 and 3.0 Km/s,’ Int. J. Impact Engng. Vol. 23, 1999 4. Joseph C. Foster, Jr., Frank Christopher, Leo Wilson, Dave Jerome, Odin Toness, “Observations concerning the Damage in Concrete Subjected to High Rates of Loading,” Proceedings of Plasticity ’99, Cancun Mexico, 4-14 January 1999 5. S.E. Jones, Joseph C. Foster, Jr. , and William K Rule, “Estimating Target Strength from Penetration Experiments,” (submitted for publication)

  16. 76 FR 67673 - Welded ASTM A-312 Stainless Steel Pipe From South Korea and Taiwan: Final Results of Expedited...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE..., International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce. SUMMARY: On July 1, 2011, the Department of Commerce... section 751(c)(3)(B) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.218(e)(1)(ii)(C)(2). As a result of these sunset...

  17. Pump testing strategies and associated tribological considerations -- Vane pump testing methods ASTM D 2882, IP281, and DIN 51389

    SciTech Connect

    Reichel, J.

    1997-12-31

    Various test methods have been developed to determine the performance limits of various classes of hydraulic fluids. Lubrication capacity depends on various fundamental fluid parameters including viscosity and anti-wear properties. Critical elements of hydraulic pump and motor lubrication, which is characterized by sliding line-contact wear, will be discussed here. In vane pumps, the pressure loaded tips of the vanes are under Hertz-type load in contact with the surface of the cam ring, and rotate at a high speed creating a sliding line-contact. Due to this sliding line contact, the vane pump is the best-suited instrument for determination of the anti-wear performance of hydraulic fluids within acceptable time and at reasonable expense. Alternatively, hydraulic pump and motor testing may require greater energy, 150 kW or more over a period of more than 1,000 hours significantly increasing the cost of testing. Furthermore, tests on smaller versions of one type of pump or motor do not necessarily correlate with larger units of similar design. Therefore, it would be desirable to develop a laboratory test that: utilizes a rig with standard wear parts, provides a selective method for identifying various forms of lubricant failure, and that permits tests correlation with a wide variety of hydraulic pumps and motors used in the industry today.

  18. Effect of aging on impact properties of ASTM A890 Grade 1C super duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect

    Martins, Marcelo Forti, Leonardo Rodrigues Nogueira

    2008-02-15

    Super duplex stainless steels in the solution annealed condition are thermodynamically metastable systems which, when exposed to heat, present a strong tendency to 'seek' the most favorable thermodynamic condition. The main purpose of this study was to characterize the microstructure of a super duplex stainless steel in the as cast and solution annealed conditions, and to determine the influence of aging heat treatments on its impact strength, based on Charpy impact tests applied to V-notched test specimens. The sigma phase was found to begin precipitating at heat treatment temperatures above 760 deg. C and to dissolve completely only above 1040 deg. C, with the highest peak concentration of this phase appearing at close to 850 deg. C. Heat treatments conducted at temperatures of 580 deg. C to 740 deg. C led to a reduction of the energy absorbed in the Charpy impact test in response to the precipitation of a particulate phase with particle sizes ranging from 0.5 {mu}m to 1.0 {mu}m, with a chromium and iron-rich chemical composition.

  19. 76 FR 2056 - Incorporation of Revised ASTM Standards That Provide Flexibility in the Use of Alternatives to...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-12

    .... Effect on Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use This action is not a ``significant energy action'' as defined in Executive Order 13211, entitled Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy... supply, distribution, or use of energy. I. Technical Standards Section 12(d) of the National...

  20. Stress corrosion of ASTM Grade-2 and Grade-12 titanium in simulated rock salt brines at 83/sup 0/C

    SciTech Connect

    Jain, H.; Ahn, T.M.; Soo, P.

    1983-01-01

    Slow-strain-rate tests have been conducted on Grade-2 and Grade-12 titanium in simulated rock salt brines at 83/sup 0/C. Although neither metal shows stress corrosion cracking, total elongation and reduction in area show some decrease. Optical and SEM results are discussed to elucidate the fracture mechanism.

  1. ASTM international symposium on small specimen test techniques and their applications to pressure vessel annealing and plant life extension

    SciTech Connect

    Garner, F.A.; Hamilton, M.L.; Heinisch, H.L. ); Kumar, A.S. . Materials Research Center)

    1992-01-01

    Miniature sheet-type tensile specimens are currently being used in a variety of radiation damage studies conducted in a number of different reactors. Although these specimens are very small, they have proven successful in addressing issues encountered in both thermal reactors and anticipated fusion reactors. This paper reviews the results of a number of recent studies that illustrate the range of applicability of these small specimens. When combined with other types of specimens and other types of measurements made prior to tensile testing, miniature tensile specimens have been found to serve as very useful tools for application to both fundamental studies and alloy screening studies.

  2. Advances in the production and use of steel with improved internal cleanliness. ASTM special technical publication 1361

    SciTech Connect

    Mahaney, J.K. Jr.

    1999-07-01

    From earliest times, the presence of nonmetallic inclusion has been a major source of problems and failures. Failures due to inclusions have been seen in major structures and boilers as well as the inability to successfully form material into usable shapes and parts. The conference sought to determine the status of the state of the art of inclusion identification and prevention, as well as the relative status of different parts of the industry in the attempt to produce material with improved internal cleanliness. The papers presented in this book cover areas from bearing steels to castings. The various authors clearly show that level of inclusion identification and control through processing improvements is greatly dependent upon the sector of the industry. The level of inclusions desired in bearings is several orders of magnitude from the majority of the casting industry. At the same time, manufacturing methods such as continuous casting and other tonnage industry methods are not available in the discrete steel and iron casting segments of the metal melting industry. The papers in the Special Technical Publication show the state of the art in inclusion identification, prevention, and understanding of the deleterious effects of those inclusions. Products covered include bearing steels, high-strength plates, steel castings, stainless steel medical implants, and test methods to determine the presence and effect of nonmetallic inclusions in the steel products. The papers emphasize the effect on the products rather than manufacturing methods.

  3. Coal liquefaction process wherein jet fuel, diesel fuel and/or ASTM No. 2 fuel oil is recovered

    DOEpatents

    Bauman, Richard F.; Ryan, Daniel F.

    1982-01-01

    An improved process for the liquefaction of coal and similar solid carbonaceous materials wherein a hydrogen donor solvent or diluent derived from the solid carbonaceous material is used to form a slurry of the solid carbonaceous material and wherein the naphthenic components from the solvent or diluent fraction are separated and used as jet fuel components. The extraction increases the relative concentration of hydroaromatic (hydrogen donor) components and as a result reduces the gas yield during liquefaction and decreases hydrogen consumption during said liquefaction. The hydrogenation severity can be controlled to increase the yield of naphthenic components and hence the yield of jet fuel and in a preferred embodiment jet fuel yield is maximized while at the same time maintaining solvent balance.

  4. 77 FR 2456 - Incorporation of Revised ASTM Standards That Provide Flexibility in the Use of Alternatives to...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-18

    ... Particulate Matter, Sulfur Dioxide, and Nitrogen Oxide Emission Rates * * * * * 12.5.2.1.3 Gross Sample... 1996 and Later Heavy-Duty Off- Road Diesel Cycle Engines, IBR approved for Sec. Sec. 89.112, 89.119, 89...) Resolution 2--Technical Code on Control of Emission of Nitrogen Oxides from Marine Diesel Engines, 1997,...

  5. Annual book of ASTM Standards 2005. Section Five. Petroleum products, lubricants, and fossil fuels. Volume 05.06. Gaseous fuels; coal and coke

    SciTech Connect

    2005-09-15

    The first part covers standards for gaseous fuels. The standard part covers standards on coal and coke including the classification of coals, determination of major elements in coal ash and trace elements in coal, metallurgical properties of coal and coke, methods of analysis of coal and coke, petrographic analysis of coal and coke, physical characteristics of coal, quality assurance and sampling.

  6. Annual book of ASTM Standards 2008. Section Five. Petroleum products, lubricants, and fossil fuels. Volume 05.06. Gaseous fuels; coal and coke

    SciTech Connect

    2008-09-15

    The first part covers standards for gaseous fuels. The second part covers standards on coal and coke including the classification of coals, determination of major elements in coal ash and trace elements in coal, metallurgical properties of coal and coke, methods of analysis of coal and coke, petrogrpahic analysis of coal and coke, physical characteristics of coal, quality assurance and sampling.

  7. Determination of Small Crack Stress Intensity Factors for an American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM) Middle Tension Test Specimen by Finite Element Method

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-11-01

    Structural Integrity Section (ASI-DGTA). He has been involved with the International Follow - On ... Structural Test Project ( IFOSTP ), the BAe Hawk Mk127 full scale fatigue test and Aircraft Structural Integrity Management on F/A-18 Hornet, Pilatus...halved model length from the crack surface. Following this a sub- structured model was built that consisted only of the inner sixth of the coupon ( one

  8. DEVELOPING STANDARDS FOR ASSESSING ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMICAL, PHYSICAL, AND BIOLOGICAL STRESSORS THROUGH ASTM COMMITTEE E47: A PAST FOUNDATION OF PROVEN STANDARDS, A FUTURE OF GREAT POTENTIAL AND OPPORTUNITY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Development of standards associated with assessing the bioavailability of contaminants in sediment will be used as a case study for how standards have been developed through Committee E47. In 1987, Committee E47 established Subcommittee E47.03 on Sediment Assessment and Toxicity....

  9. Evaluation of ASTM D5006 for Accuracy, Repeatability, and Reproducibility for Fuel System Icing Inhibitor (FSII) Concentrations 0.10% by Volume and Varying Fuel Composition

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-12-01

    Acknowledgements The authors thank Jim Gammon (Gammon Technical Products, Inc) and Michael Rainer (MISCO) for providing the corresponding digital...refractometers used in this study and to these individuals and Bob Falkiner (ESSO), Enrico Lodrigueza (ConcoPhillips), Donald Phelps (AFRL/RQPF), Emilio Alfaro

  10. Results of the Round Robin on opening-load measurement conducted by ASTM Task Group E24.04.04 on Crack Closure Measurement and Analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Phillips, Edward P.

    1989-01-01

    An experimental Round Robin on the measurement of the opening load in fatigue crack growth tests was conducted on Crack Closure Measurement and Analysis. The Round Robin evaluated the current level of consistency of opening load measurements among laboratories and to identify causes for observed inconsistency. Eleven laboratories participated in the testing of compact and middle-crack specimens. Opening-load measurements were made for crack growth at two stress-intensity factor levels, three crack lengths, and following an overload. All opening-load measurements were based on the analysis of specimen compliance data. When all of the results reported (from all participants, all measurement methods, and all data analysis methods) for a given test condition were pooled, the range of opening loads was very large--typically spanning the lower half of the fatigue loading cycle. Part of the large scatter in the reported opening-load results was ascribed to consistent differences in results produced by the various methods used to measure specimen compliance and to evaluate the opening load from the compliance data. Another significant portion of the scatter was ascribed to lab-to-lab differences in producing the compliance data when using nominally the same method of measurement.

  11. Influence of fused Silica and chills incorporation on Corrosion, Thermal and Chemical composition of ASTM A 494 M Grade Nickel alloy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Purushotham, G.; Hemanth, Joel

    2016-09-01

    A review of a host of relevant literature on the composites leads to some important observations on the gap that prevails for developing the composite with increased strength to weight ratio, improved thermal properties and reduced corrosion rate with the addition of fused SiO2 dispersoid for the nickel based alloy. In the arena of engineering, metallurgists look for techniques to improve the thermal, corrosion and chemical properties of the materials. In this connection an investigation has been carried out to fabricate and evaluate the corrosion, chemical and thermal properties of chilled composites consisting of nickel matrix with fused silica particles (size 40-150 μm) in the matrix. The main objective of the present research is to obtain fine grain Ni/SiO2 chilled sound composite having very good properties. The dispersoid added ranged from 3 to 12 wt. % in steps of 3%. The subsequent composites cast in molds containing metallic and non-metallic chill blocks (MS, SiC & Cu) were tested for their microstructure, chemical, thermal properties and corrosion behavior.

  12. The use of non-invasive procedures described in ASTM ES40-94 for evaluating the suitability of an UST for upgrading with cathodic protection

    SciTech Connect

    Rogers, W.F.

    1995-12-31

    This paper outlines field procedures and data analysis requirements for the use of non-invasive procedures to evaluate the suitability of tanks for upgrading with cathodic protection. The non-invasive evaluation procedure is one of the three alternative means of assessing USTs, and there are specific procedures described for each of the assessment procedures which are detailed in ES40-94. The UST owner/operator and corrosion engineer should recognize that there are accept/reject guidelines in the standard, and that many existing underground storage tanks will not be found suitable for upgrading.

  13. 40 CFR Table 5 to Subpart Jjjjjj... - Fuel Analysis Requirements

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... ASTM D2234/D2234M a (for coal) or ASTM D6323 a (for biomass) or equivalent. b. Compose fuel samples... biomass) or equivalent. d. Determine heat content of the fuel type ASTM D5865 a (for coal) or ASTM E711 a (for biomass) or equivalent. e. Determine moisture content of the fuel type ASTM D3173 a or ASTM E871...

  14. 40 CFR Table 5 to Subpart Jjjjjj... - Fuel Analysis Requirements

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... ASTM D2234/D2234M a (for coal) or ASTM D6323 a (for biomass) or equivalent. b. Compose fuel samples... biomass) or equivalent. d. Determine heat content of the fuel type ASTM D5865 a (for coal) or ASTM E711 a (for biomass) or equivalent. e. Determine moisture content of the fuel type ASTM D3173 a or ASTM E871...

  15. 40 CFR Table 5 to Subpart Jjjjjj... - Fuel Analysis Requirements

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... ASTM D2234/D2234M a (for coal) or ASTM D6323 a (for biomass) or equivalent. b. Compose fuel samples... biomass) or equivalent. d. Determine heat content of the fuel type ASTM D5865 a (for coal) or ASTM E711 a (for biomass) or equivalent. e. Determine moisture content of the fuel type ASTM D3173 a or ASTM E871...

  16. Field Demonstration for P-D-680 Solvent Replacement (Part II)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-05-12

    24 Appendices 25 Appendix A-l. Test Protocol for Alternative P-D-680 Solvents Test Method Flash point ASTM D 56 Distillation ASTM D 86 Kauri...Butanol value ASTM D 1133 Aniline point ASTM D 611 Odor ASTM D 1298 Non-volatile residue TGA* Evaporation @ 50 °C, 20 min TGA Copper corrosion... ASTM D 130 Steel corrosion Modified ASTM D 130 VOC content EPA method 24 Relative solvency Army soil test method * Thermoaravimetric Analysis 26

  17. 40 CFR 799.5085 - Chemical testing requirements for first group of high production volume chemicals (HPV1).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    .... Acute Toxicity to Daphnia: ASTM E 729 3. Toxicity to Plants (Algae): ASTM E 1218 Test Group 2 for C1: 1. Chronic Toxicity to Daphnia: ASTM E 1193 2. Toxicity to Plants (Algae): ASTM E 1218 The following are the... conditions. Test Group 1 for C2: 1. Acute Toxicity to Daphnia: ASTM E 729 2. Toxicity to Plants (Algae):...

  18. 40 CFR 799.5085 - Chemical testing requirements for first group of high production volume chemicals (HPV1).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    .... Acute Toxicity to Daphnia: ASTM E 729 3. Toxicity to Plants (Algae): ASTM E 1218 Test Group 2 for C1: 1. Chronic Toxicity to Daphnia: ASTM E 1193 2. Toxicity to Plants (Algae): ASTM E 1218 The following are the... conditions. Test Group 1 for C2: 1. Acute Toxicity to Daphnia: ASTM E 729 2. Toxicity to Plants (Algae):...

  19. 40 CFR 1060.810 - What materials does this part reference?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Particle Size Distribution of Granular Activated Carbon (“ASTM D2862”) 1060.240 ASTM D3802-79 (Reapproved 2005), Standard Test Method for Ball-Pan Hardness of Activated Carbon (“ASTM D3802”) 1060.240 ASTM... Method for Determination of Butane Working Capacity of Activated Carbon (“ASTM D5228”) 1060.801 (b)...

  20. 40 CFR 1060.810 - What materials does this part reference?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Particle Size Distribution of Granular Activated Carbon (“ASTM D2862”) 1060.240 ASTM D3802-79 (Reapproved 2005), Standard Test Method for Ball-Pan Hardness of Activated Carbon (“ASTM D3802”) 1060.240 ASTM... Method for Determination of Butane Working Capacity of Activated Carbon (“ASTM D5228”) 1060.801 (b)...

  1. 46 CFR 97.01-2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959 ASTM D 93-97, Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester—97.15-55 ASTM Adjunct F...

  2. 46 CFR 108.101 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. ASTM D 93-97, Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester 108.500 ASTM F...

  3. 46 CFR 97.01-2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959 ASTM D 93-97, Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester—97.15-55 ASTM Adjunct F...

  4. Effect of Processing Parameters on Reliability of VARTM/SCRIMP Composites Panels, Phase 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-08-01

    ASTM D30 committee had devised a standard guide for testing PMC materials ( ASTM D4762 , 2004). For characterizing the composite material compressive...D3410/D3410M, 2003; ASTM D5467/D5467M, 2004). It was commented in the ASTM D4762 standard that the D695 test method is not recommended for continuous...Mechanics (March 1991). I ASTM D4762 , (2004). Standard Guide for Testing Polymer Matrix Composite Materials. Annual Book of ASTM Standards. West

  5. 40 CFR 799.5087 - Chemical testing requirements for second group of high production volume chemicals (HPV2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...: ASTM E 729-96 (Reapproved 2007) 3. Toxicity to Plants (Algae): ASTM E 1218-04 e1 Test Group 2 for C1: 1. Chronic Toxicity to Daphnia: ASTM E 1193-97 (Reapproved 2004) 2. Toxicity to Plants (Algae): ASTM E 1218... Plants (Algae): ASTM E 1218-04 e1 Test Group 2 for C2: 1. Chronic Toxicity to Daphnia: ASTM E...

  6. 40 CFR 799.5087 - Chemical testing requirements for second group of high production volume chemicals (HPV2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...: ASTM E 729-96 (Reapproved 2007) 3. Toxicity to Plants (Algae): ASTM E 1218-04 e1 Test Group 2 for C1: 1. Chronic Toxicity to Daphnia: ASTM E 1193-97 (Reapproved 2004) 2. Toxicity to Plants (Algae): ASTM E 1218... Plants (Algae): ASTM E 1218-04 e1 Test Group 2 for C2: 1. Chronic Toxicity to Daphnia: ASTM E...

  7. 40 CFR 799.5087 - Chemical testing requirements for second group of high production volume chemicals (HPV2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...: ASTM E 729-96 (Reapproved 2007) 3. Toxicity to Plants (Algae): ASTM E 1218-04 e1 Test Group 2 for C1: 1. Chronic Toxicity to Daphnia: ASTM E 1193-97 (Reapproved 2004) 2. Toxicity to Plants (Algae): ASTM E 1218... Plants (Algae): ASTM E 1218-04 e1 Test Group 2 for C2: 1. Chronic Toxicity to Daphnia: ASTM E...

  8. 40 CFR Table 6 to Subpart Ddddd of... - Fuel Analysis Requirements

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... D2013/D2013M a (for coal), ASTM D5198 a (for biomass), or EPA 3050 a (for solid fuel), or EPA 821-R-01... (for coal) or ASTM E711 a (for biomass), or ASTM D5864 a for liquids and other solids, or ASTM D240 a... D2234/D2234M a (for coal) or ASTM D6323 a (for coal or biomass), ASTM D4177 a (for liquid fuels) or...

  9. 40 CFR Table 6 to Subpart Ddddd of... - Fuel Analysis Requirements

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... D2013/D2013M a (for coal), ASTM D5198 a (for biomass), or EPA 3050 a (for solid fuel), or EPA 821-R-01... (for coal) or ASTM E711 a (for biomass), or ASTM D5864 a for liquids and other solids, or ASTM D240 a... D2234/D2234M a (for coal) or ASTM D6323 a (for coal or biomass), ASTM D4177 a (for liquid fuels) or...

  10. 46 CFR 56.01-2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Sand Castings (“ASTM B 26”), 56.60-2; (46) ASTM B 42-96, Standard Specification... Aluminum-Alloy Die Castings (“ASTM B 85”), 56.60-2; (51) ASTM B 88-96, Standard Specification for Seamless... and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes (“ASTM B 210”), 56.60-1; (61) ASTM B 234-95,...

  11. 46 CFR 56.01-2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ..., Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Sand Castings (“ASTM B 26”), 56.60-2; (45) ASTM B 42-96, Standard... Aluminum-Alloy Die Castings (“ASTM B 85”), 56.60-2; (50) ASTM B 88-96, Standard Specification for Seamless... and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes (“ASTM B 210”), 56.60-1; (60) ASTM B 234-95,...

  12. 46 CFR 56.01-2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Sand Castings (“ASTM B 26”), 56.60-2; (45) ASTM B 42-96, Standard... Aluminum-Alloy Die Castings (“ASTM B 85”), 56.60-2; (50) ASTM B 88-96, Standard Specification for Seamless... and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes (“ASTM B 210”), 56.60-1; (60) ASTM B 234-95,...

  13. 46 CFR 56.01-2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Sand Castings (“ASTM B 26”), 56.60-2; (46) ASTM B 42-96, Standard Specification... Aluminum-Alloy Die Castings (“ASTM B 85”), 56.60-2; (51) ASTM B 88-96, Standard Specification for Seamless... and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes (“ASTM B 210”), 56.60-1; (61) ASTM B 234-95,...

  14. 46 CFR 56.01-2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Sand Castings (“ASTM B 26”), 56.60-2; (45) ASTM B 42-96, Standard... Aluminum-Alloy Die Castings (“ASTM B 85”), 56.60-2; (50) ASTM B 88-96, Standard Specification for Seamless... and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes (“ASTM B 210”), 56.60-1; (60) ASTM B 234-95,...

  15. Elastomers for Tracked Vehicles: 1980-1997 Program to Improve Durability of Rubber Tank Pads for Army Tracked Vehicles

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-01

    blowout test • Ross flex, crack growth unaged and after aging at 212 °F ASTM D 1052 11. Compression set after 22 h at 160 °F ASTM D 395, method B...rubber deterioration—crack growth. West Conshohocken (PA): ASTM International; 2014. ASTM D 1052 . Standard test method for measuring rubber

  16. 75 FR 32295 - Expedited Approval of Alternative Test Procedures for the Analysis of Contaminants Under the Safe...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-08

    ... D3454-05 (ASTM International 2009a). Radium-226. D2460-07 (ASTM International 2009b). Radium-226. D5174... Method for Radium-226 in Water. ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428... Method for Alpha-Particle-Emitting Isotopes of Radium in Water. ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor...

  17. 40 CFR 80.46 - Measurement of reformulated gasoline fuel parameters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Chromatography, approved November 1, 2007. (ii) ASTM standard method D1319-03 1 (“ASTM D1319”), Standard Test... Chromatography, approved November 1, 2004. (v) ASTM standard method D2622-05 (“ASTM D2622”), Standard Test Method... Gasoline by Gas Chromatography and Oxygen Selective Flame Ionization Detection, approved November 1,...

  18. 40 CFR 98.324 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... ASTM D1945-03, Standard Test Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography; ASTM D1946-90 (Reapproved 2006), Standard Practice for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas Chromatography; ASTM D4891-89... Combustion; or ASTM UOP539-97 Refinery Gas Analysis by Gas Chromatography (incorporated by reference,...

  19. 40 CFR 80.46 - Measurement of reformulated gasoline fuel parameters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Chromatography, approved November 1, 2007. (ii) ASTM standard method D1319-03 1 (“ASTM D1319”), Standard Test... Chromatography, approved November 1, 2004. (v) ASTM standard method D2622-05 (“ASTM D2622”), Standard Test Method... Gasoline by Gas Chromatography and Oxygen Selective Flame Ionization Detection, approved November 1,...

  20. 40 CFR 312.11 - References.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Site Assessment Process.” (b) The procedures of ASTM International Standard E2247-08 entitled “Standard... or Rural Property.” This standard is available from ASTM International at http://www.astm.org, 1-610-832-9585. (c) The procedures of ASTM International Standard E1527-13 entitled “Standard Practice...

  1. In situ Material Characterization for Pavement Evaluation by the Spectral-Analysis-of-Surface-Waves (SASW) Method

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-07-01

    for the AC layers determined using procedures described in ASTM D 4123-82 ( ASTM 1988) are shown in Table 4 for temperatures of 77- and 104-degrees...fahrenheit. Flexural strengths determined using ASTM C-78-84 ( ASTM 1986) and Young’s modulus values from ASTM C-215-85 ( ASTM 1988) for the PCC 11 TABLE 1...Bituminous Mixtures," Designation: D 4123-82, Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 4.03, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1988. 15. American Society for

  2. Joint Oil Analysis Program Spectrometer Standards VHG Labs Inc. Qualification Report for D19-XXX Series Standards

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-11-04

    21.9 max. ASTM D445 Viscosity Index, Min 85 ASTM D2270 Trace Sediment 0.005 ml/100 mL Oil max. ASTM D2273 Pour point -12 °C max. ASTM D97 Flash...D4052), viscosity index (ASTM 2270), trace sediment (ASTM D2273), and pour point (ASTM D97). All of the Type D19-XXX spectrometric oil standards...Joint Oil Analysis Program Spectrometer Standards VHG Labs Inc. Qualification Report For D19-XXX Series Standards NF&LCFT REPORT 441/13-015 4

  3. Effect of Processing Parameters on Reliability of VARTM/SCRIMP Composite Panels - Phase 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-07-01

    ASTM recommended three test methods for calculating the in-plane shear properties of the composite material ( ASTM D4762 , 2004). The tests were: the v...D3518M, 2001; ASTM D4255/D4255M, 2002). It was noted in the ASTM D4762 standard that the tensile test of [+45] laminate was limited to panels with...devised a standard guide for testing PMC materials ( ASTM D4762 , 2004). For characterizing the composite material compressive properties, the guide

  4. Investigating Groundwater/Surface Water Interaction at the Diversion Dam Site: Report Documentary 2007-2008

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-01

    Particle Size Distribution Analysis (ASTM D2487), the Hydrometer Analysis (ASTM D422-63) and the Atterberg Limits Analysis (ASTM D4318-98). The...Size Distribution (ASTM D2487) and Hydrometer Analysis (ASTM D422-63) Methods. Both methods cover the quantitative determination of the distribution...retained on the No. 200 sieve). Soil samples having 5 percent or greater passing the No. 200 sieve were tested with a hydrometer analysis. The

  5. 40 CFR 799.5089 - Chemical testing requirements for third group of high production volume chemicals (HPV3).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Daphnia: ASTM E 729-96 (Reapproved 2007). 3. Toxicity to Plants (Algae): ASTM E 1218-04 e1 Test Group 2 for C1: 1. Chronic Toxicity to Daphnia: ASTM E 1193-97 (Reapproved 2004). 2. Toxicity to Plants (Algae.... Toxicity to Plants (Algae): ASTM E 1218-04 e1 Test Group 2 for C2: 1. Chronic Toxicity to Daphnia: ASTM...

  6. 40 CFR 799.5085 - Chemical testing requirements for certain high production volume chemicals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    .... Toxicity to Plants (Algae): ASTM E 1218 Test Group 2 for C1: 1. Chronic Toxicity to Daphnia: ASTM E 1193 2. Toxicity to Plants (Algae): ASTM E 1218 The following are the special conditions for C1, C2, C3, C4, C5.... Acute Toxicity to Daphnia: ASTM E 729 2. Toxicity to Plants (Algae): ASTM E 1218 Test Group 2 for C2:...

  7. 40 CFR 799.5089 - Chemical testing requirements for third group of high production volume chemicals (HPV3).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Daphnia: ASTM E 729-96 (Reapproved 2007). 3. Toxicity to Plants (Algae): ASTM E 1218-04 e1 Test Group 2 for C1: 1. Chronic Toxicity to Daphnia: ASTM E 1193-97 (Reapproved 2004). 2. Toxicity to Plants (Algae.... Toxicity to Plants (Algae): ASTM E 1218-04 e1 Test Group 2 for C2: 1. Chronic Toxicity to Daphnia: ASTM...

  8. 21 CFR 801.410 - Use of impact-resistant lenses in eyeglasses and sunglasses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... hardness of 40 ±5, as determined by ASTM Method D 1415-88, “Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—International Hardness” a minimum tensile strength of 1,200 pounds, as determined by ASTM Method D...

  9. 21 CFR 801.410 - Use of impact-resistant lenses in eyeglasses and sunglasses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... hardness of 40 ±5, as determined by ASTM Method D 1415-88, “Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—International Hardness” a minimum tensile strength of 1,200 pounds, as determined by ASTM Method D...

  10. 21 CFR 801.410 - Use of impact-resistant lenses in eyeglasses and sunglasses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... hardness of 40 ±5, as determined by ASTM Method D 1415-88, “Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—International Hardness” a minimum tensile strength of 1,200 pounds, as determined by ASTM Method D...

  11. 21 CFR 801.410 - Use of impact-resistant lenses in eyeglasses and sunglasses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... hardness of 40 ±5, as determined by ASTM Method D 1415-88, “Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—International Hardness” a minimum tensile strength of 1,200 pounds, as determined by ASTM Method D...

  12. 21 CFR 801.410 - Use of impact-resistant lenses in eyeglasses and sunglasses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... hardness of 40 ±5, as determined by ASTM Method D 1415-88, “Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—International Hardness” a minimum tensile strength of 1,200 pounds, as determined by ASTM Method D...

  13. 46 CFR 35.25-10 - Requirements for fuel oil-T/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... tankships shall have a flashpoint of not less than 140°F. (Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Method, ASTM D 93... vendor, the name of the oil producer, and the flashpoint (Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Method, ASTM D...

  14. 46 CFR 35.25-10 - Requirements for fuel oil-T/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... tankships shall have a flashpoint of not less than 140°F. (Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Method, ASTM D 93... vendor, the name of the oil producer, and the flashpoint (Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Method, ASTM D...

  15. 46 CFR 35.25-10 - Requirements for fuel oil-T/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... tankships shall have a flashpoint of not less than 140°F. (Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Method, ASTM D 93... vendor, the name of the oil producer, and the flashpoint (Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Method, ASTM D...

  16. 46 CFR 35.25-10 - Requirements for fuel oil-T/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... tankships shall have a flashpoint of not less than 140°F. (Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Method, ASTM D 93... vendor, the name of the oil producer, and the flashpoint (Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Method, ASTM D...

  17. 46 CFR 35.25-10 - Requirements for fuel oil-T/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... tankships shall have a flashpoint of not less than 140°F. (Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Method, ASTM D 93... vendor, the name of the oil producer, and the flashpoint (Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Method, ASTM D...

  18. 27 CFR 21.114 - Kerosene.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Kerosene. (a) Distillation range. (For applicable ASTM method, see 1980 Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Part... for aviation turbine fuels and D 86-78 for distillation of petroleum products; for incorporation...

  19. 27 CFR 21.114 - Kerosene.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Kerosene. (a) Distillation range. (For applicable ASTM method, see 1980 Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Part... for aviation turbine fuels and D 86-78 for distillation of petroleum products; for incorporation...

  20. 27 CFR 21.114 - Kerosene.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Kerosene. (a) Distillation range. (For applicable ASTM method, see 1980 Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Part... for aviation turbine fuels and D 86-78 for distillation of petroleum products; for incorporation...

  1. 27 CFR 21.114 - Kerosene.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Kerosene. (a) Distillation range. (For applicable ASTM method, see 1980 Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Part... for aviation turbine fuels and D 86-78 for distillation of petroleum products; for incorporation...

  2. 27 CFR 21.114 - Kerosene.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Kerosene. (a) Distillation range. (For applicable ASTM method, see 1980 Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Part... for aviation turbine fuels and D 86-78 for distillation of petroleum products; for incorporation...

  3. 24 CFR 200.942 - Supplementary specific procedural requirements under HUD building product standards and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... E648-78—Standard Test Method for Critical Radiant Flux of Floor-Covering Systems Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source; (viii) ASTM D2646-79—Standard Methods of Testing Backing Fabrics; (ix) ASTM...

  4. 24 CFR 200.942 - Supplementary specific procedural requirements under HUD building product standards and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... E648-78—Standard Test Method for Critical Radiant Flux of Floor-Covering Systems Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source; (viii) ASTM D2646-79—Standard Methods of Testing Backing Fabrics; (ix) ASTM...

  5. 40 CFR 799.5089 - Chemical testing requirements for third group of high production volume chemicals (HPV3).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... for Partition Coefficient (N-Octanol/Water) Estimation by Liquid Chromatography, ASTM E 1147-92...). Method B: ASTM E 1147-92 (Reapproved 2005) (liquid chromatography). Method C: 40 CFR 799.6756...

  6. 40 CFR 799.5087 - Chemical testing requirements for second group of high production volume chemicals (HPV2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    .../Water) Estimation by Liquid Chromatography, ASTM E 1147-92 (Reapproved 2005), approved August 1, 2005....) Method A: 40 CFR 799.6755 (shake flask) Method B: ASTM E 1147-92 (Reapproved 2005) (liquid...

  7. 27 CFR 21.117 - Methyl isobutyl ketone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    .... Colorless. (c) Distillation range. (For applicable ASTM method, see 1980 Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Part... should come over below 111 °C. and none above 117 °C. (d) Odor. Characteristic odor. (e) Specific...

  8. 46 CFR 97.01-2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... are as follows: American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959 ASTM D 93-97, Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed...

  9. 46 CFR 97.01-2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... are as follows: American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959 ASTM D 93-97, Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed...

  10. 46 CFR 199.05 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... sections affected are as follows: American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959 ASTM D 93-97, Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by...

  11. 46 CFR 97.01-2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... are as follows: American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959 ASTM D 93-97, Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed...

  12. Corrosion Susceptibility of AA5083-H116 in Biologically Active Atmospheric Marine Environments

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-01

    by the standardized nitric acid test ASTM G67." Fatigue and stress corrosion cracking behaviors of sensitized AA5083 have also been evaluated.1213... acid (NAMLT Test)," ASTM Hanbook 3.02 Corrosion of Metals; Wear and Erosion. ASTM Hanbook 3.02 Corrosion of Metals; Wear and Erosion (ASTM...DATE (DD-MM-YYYY) 12-05-2014 REPORT TYPE Conference Proceeding (refereed) 3. DATES COVERED (From - To) 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Corrosion

  13. Environmental Variation in Contamination Outgas Testing of a Composite Material

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-15

    not the same as the ex-situ TML and CVCM measurements determined through ASTM E595 testing.3 The QCM-to-effusion cell orifice view factor (cm2) is...International, West Conshohocken, PA, www.astm.org. 3. ASTM Standard E595 , 2007, "Standard Test Method for Total Mass Loss and Collected Volatile Condensable...can provide a valuable array of outgassing information. 15. SUBJECT TERMS Outgassing, Molecular contamination, Spacecraft materials, Composite, ASTM

  14. Induction Linacs and Free Electron Laser Amplifiers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-03-20

    AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING AND MATERIALS 1916 Race Si., Philadelphia, Pa. 19103 Reprinted from the Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Copyright ASTM ...the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee E-21 on Space Simulation and Applications of Space Technology and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee E2I...determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 2. Referenced Document 2.1 ASTM Standard: E 177 Practice for Use of the Terms

  15. DEVELOPMENT OF STANDARDS FOR EVALUATING THE IMPORTANCE OF CONTAMINANTS IN THE ENVIRONMENT: FIERY DISCUSSIONS, COMMON PURPOSE, A PROVEN WIN-WIN PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN THE U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY AND ASTM COMMITTEE E47 (NON-PEER REV'D. JOURNAL)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The development of standards through the consensus based process is often a long and arduous process even in the best of circumstances. The impetus to develop standards is a need to obtain high quality data for the evaluation of questions that often pertain to the development of...

  16. 10 CFR 431.303 - Materials incorporated by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Floor, 950 L'Enfant Plaza, SW., Washington, DC 20024, 202-586-2945, between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday....astm.org. (1) ASTM C518-04 (“ASTM C518”), Standard Test Method for Steady-State Thermal...

  17. 40 CFR Table 4 to Subpart Zzzz of... - Requirements for Performance Tests

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... D6348-03,c provided in ASTM D6348-03 Annex A5 (Analyte Spiking Technique), the percent R must be greater... ASTM D6348-03,c provided in ASTM D6348-03 Annex A5 (Analyte Spiking Technique), the percent R must be... and Materials, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, or University...

  18. 24 CFR 200.945 - Supplementary specific requirements under the HUD building product standards and certification...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...; (iii) ASTM D 2646-87—Standard Test Methods for Backing Fabrics; (iv) ASTM D 3936-80—Standard Test Method for Delamination Strength of Secondary Backing of Pile Floor Coverings; (v) AATCC Test Method 16e...) Standard Specification for Rubber Cellular Cushion Used for Carpet or Rug Underlay; (viii) ASTM D...

  19. 46 CFR 160.170-5 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...) ASTM A 36/A 36M-08, Standard Specification for Carbon Structural Steel, (approved May 15, 2008), IBR... and Shapes, (approved October 1, 2008), IBR approved for § 160.170-7 (“ASTM A 276”). (3) ASTM A...

  20. 46 CFR 160.133-5 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...) ASTM A 36/A 36M-08, Standard Specification for Carbon Structural Steel, (approved May 15, 2008), IBR... and Shapes, (approved October 1, 2008), IBR approved for § 160.133-7 (“ASTM A 276”). (3) ASTM A...

  1. 75 FR 26273 - Certain Seamless Carbon and Alloy Steel Standard, Line, and Pressure Pipe From China

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-11

    ... COMMISSION Certain Seamless Carbon and Alloy Steel Standard, Line, and Pressure Pipe From China AGENCY...-fair-value imports from China of certain seamless carbon and alloy steel standard, line, and pressure... than stainless steel) standard, line, and pressure pipes produced to the ASTM A-53, ASTM A-106, ASTM...

  2. Handbook of Thermal Insulation Applications.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-01-01

    accepted for this material in use. Extruded polystyrene foam shows a permeability to water vapor of 0.6 to 0.9 perm-in when tested by ASTM- C355 -64 and...perm-in when tested by ASTM- C355 , and water absorption less than 2 percent by weight when tested by ASTM-C272. Other properties of polystyrene

  3. 46 CFR 160.171-3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Practice for Operating Salt Spray (Fog) Apparatus—160.171-17 ASTM C 177-85 (1993), Standard Test Method for... Apparatus—160.171-17 ASTM C 518-91, Standard Test Method for Steady-State Heat Flux Measurements and Thermal... Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils—160.171-17 ASTM D 1004-94a, Standard Test Method for Initial Tear...

  4. 40 CFR 1065.1010 - Reference materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Chromatography 1065.715 ASTM D2158-05, Standard Test Method for Residues in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases 1065... Concentrates by Gas Chromatography 1065.720 ASTM D2598-02 (Reapproved 2007), Standard Practice for Calculation... Fuels By Supercritical Fluid Chromatography 1065.703 ASTM D5191-07, Standard Test Method for...

  5. 40 CFR 98.244 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... feedstock. (i) ASTM D1945-03, Standard Test Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography... High-Purity Ethylene by Gas Chromatography (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7). (iv) ASTM UOP539-97 Refinery Gas Analysis by Gas Chromatography (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7). (v) ASTM...

  6. 40 CFR 98.244 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... feedstock. (i) ASTM D1945-03, Standard Test Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography... High-Purity Ethylene by Gas Chromatography (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7). (iv) ASTM UOP539-97 Refinery Gas Analysis by Gas Chromatography (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7). (v) ASTM...

  7. 40 CFR 1065.1010 - Reference materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Chromatography 1065.715 ASTM D2158-05, Standard Test Method for Residues in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases 1065... Concentrates by Gas Chromatography 1065.720 ASTM D2598-02 (Reapproved 2007), Standard Practice for Calculation... Fuels By Supercritical Fluid Chromatography 1065.703 ASTM D5191-07, Standard Test Method for...

  8. 40 CFR 98.244 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... feedstock. (i) ASTM D1945-03, Standard Test Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography... High-Purity Ethylene by Gas Chromatography (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7). (iv) ASTM UOP539-97 Refinery Gas Analysis by Gas Chromatography (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7). (v) ASTM...

  9. 40 CFR 312.11 - References.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Site Assessment Process.” (b) The procedures of ASTM International Standard E2247-08 entitled “Standard... or Rural Property.” This standard is available from ASTM International at http://www.astm.org, 1-610... COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS INNOCENT LANDOWNERS, STANDARDS FOR CONDUCTING ALL APPROPRIATE...

  10. 40 CFR 312.11 - References.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Site Assessment Process.” (b) The procedures of ASTM International Standard E2247-08 entitled “Standard... or Rural Property.” This standard is available from ASTM International at http://www.astm.org, 1-610... COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS INNOCENT LANDOWNERS, STANDARDS FOR CONDUCTING ALL APPROPRIATE...

  11. 40 CFR 312.11 - References.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Site Assessment Process.” (b) The procedures of ASTM International Standard E2247-08 entitled “Standard... or Rural Property.” This standard is available from ASTM International at http://www.astm.org, 1-610... COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS INNOCENT LANDOWNERS, STANDARDS FOR CONDUCTING ALL APPROPRIATE...

  12. 40 CFR 312.11 - References.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Site Assessment Process.” (b) The procedures of ASTM International Standard E2247-08 entitled “Standard... or Rural Property.” This standard is available from ASTM International at http://www.astm.org, 1-610... COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS INNOCENT LANDOWNERS, STANDARDS FOR CONDUCTING ALL APPROPRIATE...

  13. 24 CFR 3280.604 - Materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... certified as non-toxic in accordance with ANSI/NSF 61-2001, Drinking water system components—Health effects... Water Tube—ASTM B88-93. Standard Specification for Copper Drainage Tube (DWV)—ASTM B306-92. Wrought... Seamless Red Brass Pipe, Standard Sizes—ASTM B43-91. Cast Bronze Threaded Fittings, Classes 125 and...

  14. 40 CFR 94.108 - Test fuels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Distillation Range: Initial boiling point, °C ASTM D 86-01 171-204 10% point, °C ASTM D 86-01 204-238 50% point, °C ASTM D 86-01 243-282 90% point, °C ASTM D 86-01 293-332 End point, °C ASTM D 86-01 321-366 Flash... operate on distillate diesel fuel shall be clean and bright, with pour and cloud points adequate...

  15. 40 CFR 94.108 - Test fuels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Distillation Range: Initial boiling point, °C ASTM D 86-01 171-204 10% point, °C ASTM D 86-01 204-238 50% point, °C ASTM D 86-01 243-282 90% point, °C ASTM D 86-01 293-332 End point, °C ASTM D 86-01 321-366... operate on distillate diesel fuel shall be clean and bright, with pour and cloud points adequate...

  16. 40 CFR 94.108 - Test fuels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Distillation Range: Initial boiling point, °C ASTM D 86-01 171-204 10% point, °C ASTM D 86-01 204-238 50% point, °C ASTM D 86-01 243-282 90% point, °C ASTM D 86-01 293-332 End point, °C ASTM D 86-01 321-366 Flash... operate on distillate diesel fuel shall be clean and bright, with pour and cloud points adequate...

  17. 40 CFR 94.108 - Test fuels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Distillation Range: Initial boiling point, °C ASTM D 86-01 171-204 10% point, °C ASTM D 86-01 204-238 50% point, °C ASTM D 86-01 243-282 90% point, °C ASTM D 86-01 293-332 End point, °C ASTM D 86-01 321-366... operate on distillate diesel fuel shall be clean and bright, with pour and cloud points adequate...

  18. 40 CFR 94.108 - Test fuels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Distillation Range: Initial boiling point, °C ASTM D 86-01 171-204 10% point, °C ASTM D 86-01 204-238 50% point, °C ASTM D 86-01 243-282 90% point, °C ASTM D 86-01 293-332 End point, °C ASTM D 86-01 321-366 Flash... operate on distillate diesel fuel shall be clean and bright, with pour and cloud points adequate...

  19. Nuclear Hardness Management.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-02-28

    1017, Neutron Irradiation, MIL-STD 750-C, May 1982. DoD Adopted ASTM Standards 1. ASTM E263-77, Standard Method for Determining Fast- Neutron "’i. Flux by...Radioactivation of Iron, June 1982. 2. ASTM E264-77, Standard Method for Determining Fast- Neutron Flux by Radioactivation of Nickel, June 1982...34’ ’ 3. ASTM E265-77, Standard Method For Determining Fast- Neutron %, Flux by Radioactivation of Sulfur, June 1982. " 4. ASTM E720-80, Standard Guide For

  20. The Fission Yeast spo14+ Gene Encoding a Functional Homologue of Budding Yeast Sec12 Is Required for the Development of Forespore Membranes

    PubMed Central

    Nakamura-Kubo, Michiko; Nakamura, Taro; Hirata, Aiko; Shimoda, Chikashi

    2003-01-01

    The Schizosaccharomyces pombe spo14-B221 mutant was originally isolated as a sporulation-deficient mutant. However, the spo14+ gene is essential for cell viability and growth. spo14+ is identical to the previously characterized stl1+ gene encoding a putative homologue of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sec12, which is essential for protein transport from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the Golgi apparatus. In the spo14 mutant cells, ER-like membranes were accumulated beneath the plasma membrane and the ER/Golgi shuttling protein Rer1 remained in the ER. Sec12 is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for the Sar1 GTPase. Overproduction of psr1+ coding for an S. pombe Sar1 homologue suppressed both the sporulation defect of spo14-B221 and cold-sensitive growth of newly isolated spo14-6 and spo14-7 mutants. These results indicate that Spo14 is involved in early steps of the protein secretory pathway. The spo14-B221 allele carries a single nucleotide change in the branch point consensus of the fifth intron, which reduces the abundance of the spo14 mRNA. During meiosis II, the forespore membrane was initiated near spindle pole bodies; however, subsequent extension of the membrane was arrested before its closure into a sac. We conclude that Spo14 is responsible for the assembly of the forespore membrane by supplying membrane vesicles. PMID:12631727

  1. Flash Point Performance Evaluation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-01

    ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS Acronym Definition ASTM ASTM International, consensus standards and specifications B20 Biodiesel containing 20% FAME...HRJ-1 is a sample of HEFA SPK [10] that is used to blend semi-synthetic jet fuel. The B20-1 is a sample of a 20% biodiesel blend [20]. The US Army...Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oil, Biodiesel Blend (B6 to B20), ASTM International, W. Conshohocken, PA 21. MIL-DTL-25576E the Detail

  2. Effects of Spacecraft Materials Outgassing Products on Cryogenic Surfaces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-03-01

    of solar cells. A spacecraft designer must predict effects of contamination with a very limited amount of data. The ASTM 595 (Ref. 1) outgassing...and after the 24-hr heating cycle. From the ASTM 595 criteria, a material, to be space rated, must have a TML of less than 1 percent and a CVCM of...on the physics of thin-film interference is needed. This need will be addressed in subsequent work. REFERENCES 1. Storer, Roberta A., Editor. ASTM

  3. Inflatable Torus Solar Array Technology Program. Phase 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-10-15

    outgassing requirements as detailed in SP-R- 0022 and ASTM E595 and provides an effective barrier against atomic oxygen. The coating is currently...ABBREVIATIONS AMO - Air Mass 0 AO - Atomic Oxygen APSA - Advanced Photovoltaic Solar Array AR - Anti Reflective ASTM - American Society for Testing Materials...compares the initial tear strength of various 3 mil aluminum foils, measured by ASTM D1004 test method. The buckling strength of these tubes was measured on

  4. A Survey of Fastening Techniques for Shipbuilding

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1973-09-01

    low -strength steel could be used. Obviously, in situations where the same alloys, loading...THEMSELVESa Ferrous metals Low -catbon steels 1004-1020 Stainless sti.el 17-7PH Medium-carbon steel ASTM A-285 Stainles steel type 301 Medium-carbon steel AS-M A...201 Stainless steel type 304 Medium-carbon steel ASTM A-212 Stainless steel type 321 Low -alloy steel ASTM A-204 Stainless steel type 347 Low

  5. 46 CFR 160.171-3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. The Office of the Federal... 117-97, Standard Practice for Operating Salt Spray (Fog) Apparatus—160.171-17 ASTM C 177-85 (1993...—160.171-17 ASTM D 975-98, Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils—160.171-17 ASTM D...

  6. 40 CFR 1065.703 - Distillate diesel fuel.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Number — 40−50 40−50 40−50 ASTM D613. Distillation range: Initial boiling point °C 171-204 171-204 171-204 ASTM D86. 10 pct. point 204-238 204-238 204-238 ASTM D86. 50 pct. point 243-282 243-282 243-282... bright, with pour and cloud points adequate for proper engine operation. (b) There are three grades of...

  7. The Effect of Drycleaning Moisture on Fused Cloth Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-03-01

    Value, as determined by ASTM D 1133.’ The characteristics of these solvents appear in Table 1. TABLE 1. Characteristics of Common Drycleaning Solvents...Peel strength tests were performed on a low power CRE type Scott Tester X-3 according to ASTM D 2724. Three warp specimens (1x6") were tested for each...Structures: Phase I, Prepared by Philadelphia College of Textile Sciences, June, 1980. 13 BIBLIOGRAPHY American Society for Testing Materials» ASTM

  8. Cumulative Damage Model for Advanced Composite Materials.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-07-01

    ultimately used an exponential in the present example for added simplicity) and we norma - lize the function so that it becomes the modifier that determines...Testing and Design (Second Conference), ASTM STP 497, ASTM (1972) pp. 170-188. 5. Halpin, J. C., et al., "Characterization of Composites for the...Graphite Epoxy Composites," Proc. Symposium on Composite Materials: Testing and Design, ASTM , (Ma’rch 20, 1978) New Orleans, LA. 18. Hashin, Z. and Rotem

  9. 49 CFR 192.113 - Longitudinal joint factor (E) for steel pipe.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... class Longitudinal joint factor (E) ASTM A 53/A53M Seamless 1.00 Electric resistance welded 1.00 Furnace butt welded .60 ASTM A 106 Seamless 1.00 ASTM A 333/A 333M Seamless 1.00 Electric resistance welded 1... resistance welded 1.00 Electric flash welded 1.00 Submerged arc welded 1.00 Furnace butt welded .60...

  10. 40 CFR 60.17 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Chromatography, IBR approved for § 60.45(f). (72) ASTM D1945-76, Standard Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography, IBR approved for § 60.45(f). (73) ASTM D1945-91, Standard Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography, IBR approved for § 60.45(f). (74) ASTM D1945-96, Standard Method...

  11. Testing of 7050-T7451 Aluminum Strain-Life Coupons for a Probabilistic Strain-Life Curve

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-11-02

    Probabilistic Strain-Life method, an extensive testing program was initiated to characterize the scatter in standard ASTM strain-life test coupons for 7050...standard ASTM strain-life test coupons for 7050-T7451 aircraft aluminum. Two different coupon geometries are described in the relevant standards: an...an extensive testing program was initiated to characterize the scatter in standard ASTM strain-life test coupons for 7050-T7451 aircraft aluminum

  12. 40 CFR 52.742 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    .... (1) ASTM D1475-85, Standard Test Method for Density of Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products, for § 52.741(a)(4)(i)(B)(3)(i). (2) ASTM D2369-87, Standard Test Method for Volatile Content of Coatings, for § 52.741(a)(4)(i)(B)(3)(ii). (3) ASTM D3792-86, Standard Test Method for Water Content...

  13. 40 CFR 52.742 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    .... (1) ASTM D1475-85, Standard Test Method for Density of Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products, for § 52.741(a)(4)(i)(B)(3)(i). (2) ASTM D2369-87, Standard Test Method for Volatile Content of Coatings, for § 52.741(a)(4)(i)(B)(3)(ii). (3) ASTM D3792-86, Standard Test Method for Water Content...

  14. 40 CFR 52.742 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    .... (1) ASTM D1475-85, Standard Test Method for Density of Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products, for § 52.741(a)(4)(i)(B)(3)(i). (2) ASTM D2369-87, Standard Test Method for Volatile Content of Coatings, for § 52.741(a)(4)(i)(B)(3)(ii). (3) ASTM D3792-86, Standard Test Method for Water Content...

  15. 40 CFR 52.742 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    .... (1) ASTM D1475-85, Standard Test Method for Density of Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products, for § 52.741(a)(4)(i)(B)(3)(i). (2) ASTM D2369-87, Standard Test Method for Volatile Content of Coatings, for § 52.741(a)(4)(i)(B)(3)(ii). (3) ASTM D3792-86, Standard Test Method for Water Content...

  16. 40 CFR 761.19 - References.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Bomb Method) § 761.71(b)(2)(vi) ASTM D 240-87 Standard Test Method for Heat of Combustion of Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuel by Bomb Calorimeter § 761.71(b)(2)(vi) ASTM D 482-87 Standard Test Method for Ash from... Petroleum Products (Bomb Method) § 761.71(b)(2)(vi) ASTM D 923-86 Standard Test Method for...

  17. 40 CFR 761.19 - References.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Bomb Method) § 761.71(b)(2)(vi) ASTM D 240-87 Standard Test Method for Heat of Combustion of Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuel by Bomb Calorimeter § 761.71(b)(2)(vi) ASTM D 482-87 Standard Test Method for Ash from... Petroleum Products (Bomb Method) § 761.71(b)(2)(vi) ASTM D 923-86 Standard Test Method for...

  18. 40 CFR 59.412 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... address: American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA... Specification Requirements and Test Procedures for High Performance Organic Coatings on Aluminum Extrusions...

  19. 40 CFR 59.412 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... address: American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA... Specification Requirements and Test Procedures for High Performance Organic Coatings on Aluminum Extrusions...

  20. The Use of Modeling Based, Physical Simulation to Reveal the Relationship Between Process Parameters and Microstructural Evolution in Thermal Stir Processed (TSP) TI6A1-4V

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-08-01

    powder. These samples were then etched using a solution of 2mL HF and 100 H2O for 12s according to ASTM E407 -07 for Ti alloys [20]. Optical...Cutting Principles, Oxford University Press, Clarendon, 1984. [20] ASTM Standard E407 -07, "Standard Practice for Microetching Metals and Alloys," ASTM ...locations in the PM and FSW nugget region using ASTM standard El 12-96 [21]. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images of all specimens were obtained

  1. 40 CFR 89.3 - Acronyms and abbreviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials CAA Clean... Oxygen OEM Original equipment manufacturer PM Particulate matter SAE Society of Automotive Engineers...

  2. 40 CFR 89.3 - Acronyms and abbreviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials CAA Clean... Oxygen OEM Original equipment manufacturer PM Particulate matter SAE Society of Automotive Engineers...

  3. 40 CFR 89.3 - Acronyms and abbreviations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials CAA Clean... Oxygen OEM Original equipment manufacturer PM Particulate matter SAE Society of Automotive Engineers...

  4. An Evaluation of Solidification/Stabilization Technology for Buffalo River Sediment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-05-01

    the S/S carbon-treated samples. 29. The wet/ dry test was performed according to ASTM D 4843-88 (ASTM 1988b) after a 28-day cure time. Specimens were...freezing the samples and subsequently thawing them to constitute a cycle. The method is similar to the wet/ dry test and is nearing adoption by an ASTM...constitutes failure (ASTM 1988b). The test was run on each binder in triplicate with a control for each replicate. Wet/ dry tests 39. Cement binder. There was

  5. The oxygen sensitivity/compatibility ranking of several materials by different test methods

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lockhart, Billy J.; Bryan, Coleman J.; Hampton, Michael D.

    1989-01-01

    Eleven materials were evaluated for oxygen compatibility using the following test methods: heat of combustion (ASTM D 2015), liquid oxygen impact (ASTM D 2512), pneumatic impact (ASTM G 74), gaseous mechanical impact (ASTM G 86), autogenous ignition temperature by pressurized differential scanning calorimeter, and the determination of the 50 percent reaction level in liquid oxygen using silicon carbide as a reaction enhancer. The eleven materials evaluated were: Teflon TFE, Vespel SP-21, Krytox 240AC, Viton PLV5010B, Fluorel E2160, Kel F 81, Fluorogold, Fluorogreen E-600, Rulon A, Garlock 8573, nylon 6/6.

  6. 46 CFR 160.174-3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Heat Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Guarded-Hot-Plate Apparatus—160.174-17 ASTM C 518-91, Standard Test Method for Steady-State Heat Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Heat Flow Meter Apparatus—160.174-17 ASTM D 975-98,...

  7. Spray drift reduction test method correlation

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    ASTM Standard E609 Terminology Relating to Pesticides defines drift as “The physical movement of an agrochemical through the air at the time of application or soon thereafter to any non or off target site.” Since there are many commercial tank mix adjuvants designed to reduce spray drift, ASTM esta...

  8. 46 CFR 193.01-3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... http://www.archives.gov/federal_register/code_of_federal_regulations/ibr_locations.html. Also, it is... Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, telephone 610-832-9585, http://www.astm.org. (1) ASTM F 1121-87 (1993), Standard..., MA 02269-9101, telephone 800-344-3555, http://www.nfpa.org. (1) NFPA 13-1996, Standard for...

  9. 40 CFR 86.1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Solar Reflectance Near Ambient Temperature Using a Portable Solar Reflectometer, approved August 1, 2009...-01(a), 86.1824-01(c), 86.1825-01(c). (20) ASTM E903-96, Standard Test Method for Solar Absorptance... for § 86.1869-12(b). (21) ASTM E1918-06, Standard Test Method for Measuring Solar Reflectance...

  10. 40 CFR 52.1392 - Federal Implementation Plan for the Billings/Laurel Area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... mean hydrogen sulfide. (17) Integrated sampling means an automated method of obtaining a sample from... pursuant to ASTM Method D4810-06, “Standard Test Method for Hydrogen Sulfide in Natural Gas Using Length-of... detector tubes pursuant to ASTM Method D4810-06, “Standard Test Method for Hydrogen Sulfide in Natural...

  11. 40 CFR 52.1392 - Federal Implementation Plan for the Billings/Laurel Area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... mean hydrogen sulfide. (17) Integrated sampling means an automated method of obtaining a sample from... pursuant to ASTM Method D4810-06, “Standard Test Method for Hydrogen Sulfide in Natural Gas Using Length-of... detector tubes pursuant to ASTM Method D4810-06, “Standard Test Method for Hydrogen Sulfide in Natural...

  12. 40 CFR 52.1392 - Federal Implementation Plan for the Billings/Laurel Area.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... mean hydrogen sulfide. (17) Integrated sampling means an automated method of obtaining a sample from... pursuant to ASTM Method D4810-06, “Standard Test Method for Hydrogen Sulfide in Natural Gas Using Length-of... detector tubes pursuant to ASTM Method D4810-06, “Standard Test Method for Hydrogen Sulfide in Natural...

  13. 40 CFR 61.270 - Applicability and designation of sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... for Benzene Emissions From Benzene Storage Vessels § 61.270 Applicability and designation of sources. (a) The source to which this subpart applies is each storage vessel that is storing benzene having a... Benzene, ASTM D835-85 for Refined Benzene-485, ASTM D2359-85a or 93 for Refined Benzene-535, and...

  14. 40 CFR 61.270 - Applicability and designation of sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... for Benzene Emissions From Benzene Storage Vessels § 61.270 Applicability and designation of sources. (a) The source to which this subpart applies is each storage vessel that is storing benzene having a... Benzene, ASTM D835-85 for Refined Benzene-485, ASTM D2359-85a or 93 for Refined Benzene-535, and...

  15. 40 CFR 61.270 - Applicability and designation of sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... for Benzene Emissions From Benzene Storage Vessels § 61.270 Applicability and designation of sources. (a) The source to which this subpart applies is each storage vessel that is storing benzene having a... Benzene, ASTM D835-85 for Refined Benzene-485, ASTM D2359-85a or 93 for Refined Benzene-535, and...

  16. 40 CFR 61.270 - Applicability and designation of sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... for Benzene Emissions From Benzene Storage Vessels § 61.270 Applicability and designation of sources. (a) The source to which this subpart applies is each storage vessel that is storing benzene having a... Benzene, ASTM D835-85 for Refined Benzene-485, ASTM D2359-85a or 93 for Refined Benzene-535, and...

  17. 40 CFR 61.270 - Applicability and designation of sources.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... for Benzene Emissions From Benzene Storage Vessels § 61.270 Applicability and designation of sources. (a) The source to which this subpart applies is each storage vessel that is storing benzene having a... Benzene, ASTM D835-85 for Refined Benzene-485, ASTM D2359-85a or 93 for Refined Benzene-535, and...

  18. 46 CFR 39.1005 - Incorporation by reference-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ....2009(a). (2) (i) Oil Companies International Marine Forum (OCIMF), 29 Queen Anne's Gate, London SWIH 9BU, England. (1) International Safety Guide for Oil Tankers and Terminals, Fifth Edition, 2006... (reaffirmed December 1987)(“API 2000”), IBR approved for § 39.2011(b). (2) (d) ASTM International (ASTM),...

  19. 46 CFR 39.1005 - Incorporation by reference-TB/ALL.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ....2009(a). (2) (i) Oil Companies International Marine Forum (OCIMF), 29 Queen Anne's Gate, London SWIH 9BU, England. (1) International Safety Guide for Oil Tankers and Terminals, Fifth Edition, 2006... (reaffirmed December 1987)(“API 2000”), IBR approved for § 39.2011(b). (2) (d) ASTM International (ASTM),...

  20. New Rare Earth Antiknock Additives that are Potential Substitutes for Tetraethyl Lead

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1974-12-01

    Io. Dola Enter when tested by the Supercharge Method (ASTM 0909-67). The significance of this result, compared to the inferior performance of Ce... METHODS OF ADDITIVE INTRODUCTION ...... ................... .... 45 X DISCUSSION .................... 46 1. PERFORMANCE...ISOOCTANE PRIMARY REFERENCE FUEL BY THE SUPERCHARGE METHOD , ASTM D 909-67 .. . 18 2 ANTIKNOCK EFFECTIVENESS AS A FUNCTION OF ADDITIVE CONCENTRATION FOR Ce

  1. High Pressure Hydraulic Distribution System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-05-20

    to 500 0 F. 5 cycles. 5000 F room temperature to 50001F; 45 ______________ Icycles The tesis planned for the distribution system demonstrator were...American Society for Testing and Materials ASTM D412 - Tension Testing of Vulcanized Rubber ASTM D571 - Testing Automotive Hydraulic Brake Hose Society of

  2. Testing of LiAlH4 as a Potential Additive to Paraffin Wax Hybrid Rocket Fuel

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-10-30

    Paraffin Wax Hybrid Rocket Fuel Sb . GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER John D. DeSain, Thomas J. Curtiss, Ronald...Petroleum Waxes," ASTM Designation: D 1321-04. 47. "Standard Test Method for Softening Point of Bitumen (Ring-and-Ball Apparatus)," ASTM Designation

  3. 46 CFR 160.176-4 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Director of the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a). To enforce any edition other than the..., West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. ASTM B 117-97, Standard Practice for Operating Salt Spray (Fog... 975-98, Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils—160.176-13 ASTM D 1434-82 (1988), Standard...

  4. Evaluation of Surface Infiltration Testing Procedures in Permeable Pavement Systems

    EPA Science Inventory

    The ASTM method (ASTM C1701) for measuring infiltration rate of in-place pervious concrete provides limited guidance on how to select testing locations, so research is needed to evaluate how testing sites should be selected and how results should be interpreted to assess surface ...

  5. 21 CFR 178.3910 - Surface lubricants used in the manufacture of metallic articles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... aromatic in nature, and meet the following specifications: (a) Initial boiling point is 24 °C minimum and final boiling point is 288 °C maximum, as determined by ASTM method D86-82, “Standard Method for... Jet Evaporation,” when the final boiling point is 121 °C or above and by ASTM method...

  6. 21 CFR 178.3910 - Surface lubricants used in the manufacture of metallic articles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... aromatic in nature, and meet the following specifications: (a) Initial boiling point is 24 °C minimum and final boiling point is 288 °C maximum, as determined by ASTM method D86-82, “Standard Method for... Jet Evaporation,” when the final boiling point is 121 °C or above and by ASTM method...

  7. 40 CFR 86.113-04 - Fuel specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... sensitivity 2 7.5 ASTM D2700 Distillation Range ( °F): Evaporated initial boiling point 3 75-95 10% evaporated 120-135 50% evaporated 200-230 ASTM D86 90% evaporated 300-325 Evaporated final boiling point...

  8. 21 CFR 178.3910 - Surface lubricants used in the manufacture of metallic articles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... aromatic in nature, and meet the following specifications: (a) Initial boiling point is 24 °C minimum and final boiling point is 288 °C maximum, as determined by ASTM method D86-82, “Standard Method for... Jet Evaporation,” when the final boiling point is 121 °C or above and by ASTM method...

  9. 21 CFR 178.3910 - Surface lubricants used in the manufacture of metallic articles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... aromatic in nature, and meet the following specifications: (a) Initial boiling point is 24 °C minimum and final boiling point is 288 °C maximum, as determined by ASTM method D86-82, “Standard Method for... Jet Evaporation,” when the final boiling point is 121 °C or above and by ASTM method...

  10. 49 CFR Appendix B to Part 238 - Test Methods and Performance Criteria for the Flammability and Smoke Emission Characteristics of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... radiant flux (C.R.F.) means, as defined in ASTM E 648-00, a measure of the behavior of horizontally... E 1354-99, the heat evolved from a specimen per unit of time. Specific extinction area (σf) means, as defined in ASTM E 1354-99, specific extinction area for smoke. Specific optical density (Ds)...

  11. 49 CFR 179.102-1 - Carbon dioxide, refrigerated liquid.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... fabricated of stainless steel, ASTM A 240/A 240M Types 304, 304L, 316 or 316L, for which impact tests are not... anchorage of tanks must be made of carbon steel conforming to ASTM A 516/A 516M (IBR, see § 171.7 of...

  12. 49 CFR 179.102-1 - Carbon dioxide, refrigerated liquid.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... legs may be fabricated of stainless steel, ASTM A 240/A 240M Types 304, 304L, 316 or 316L, for which... and anchorage of tanks must be made of carbon steel conforming to ASTM A 516/A 516M (IBR, see §...

  13. 46 CFR 56.60-15 - Ductile iron.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Ductile iron. 56.60-15 Section 56.60-15 Shipping COAST... Materials § 56.60-15 Ductile iron. (a) Ductile cast iron components made of material conforming to ASTM A... (incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 56.01-2). (b) Ductile iron castings conforming to ASTM A...

  14. 46 CFR 56.60-15 - Ductile iron.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Ductile iron. 56.60-15 Section 56.60-15 Shipping COAST... Materials § 56.60-15 Ductile iron. (a) Ductile cast iron components made of material conforming to ASTM A... (incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 56.01-2). (b) Ductile iron castings conforming to ASTM A...

  15. 46 CFR 56.60-15 - Ductile iron.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Ductile iron. 56.60-15 Section 56.60-15 Shipping COAST... Materials § 56.60-15 Ductile iron. (a) Ductile cast iron components made of material conforming to ASTM A... (incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 56.01-2). (b) Ductile iron castings conforming to ASTM A...

  16. Estimation of the Yield Strength of Metals from Crystal Defect Energies

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-09-27

    have been gathered and tabulated in a review by Inman and Tipler (18). RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Figure 1 shows the observed variation between w, and S...Metal- lography, ASTM STP 839, J.L. McCall and J.H. Steele, Jr., Eds., ASTM, Philadelphia. 1984. pp. 85-131. 18. M.C. Inman and H.R. Tipler : Metall. Rev

  17. 40 CFR 98.244 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Gas Chromatography (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7). (ii) ASTM D6060-96 (Reapproved 2001... Hydrocarbons, and Carbon Dioxide in High-Purity Ethylene by Gas Chromatography (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7). (iv) ASTM UOP539-97 Refinery Gas Analysis by Gas Chromatography (incorporated by...

  18. 40 CFR 98.164 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Chromatography (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7). (ii) ASTM D1946-90 (Reapproved 2006), Standard Practice for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas Chromatography (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7). (iii) ASTM... Demethanized Hydrocarbon Liquid Mixtures Containing Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide by Gas...

  19. 40 CFR 98.164 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7). (ii) ASTM D1946-90 (Reapproved 2006), Standard Practice for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas Chromatography... and Carbon Dioxide by Gas Chromatography (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7). (vi) ASTM...

  20. 40 CFR Table B-2 to Subpart B of... - Test Atmospheres

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... chromatography, ASTM D2820, reference 10. Use NIST-traceable gaseous methane or propane standards for calibration... containing methane as required to obtain the concentration specified in table B-3 Gas chromatography ASTM... the Atmosphere by Gas Chromatography”, D 2820, 1987 Annual Book of Aston Standards, vol...

  1. 40 CFR Appendix F to Part 75 - Conversion Procedures

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... ASTM D1945-96 (Reapproved 2001), Standard Test Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography... Chromatography, (gaseous fuels) as applicable. (All of these methods are incorporated by reference under § 75.6... Chromatography, or ASTM D1826-94 (Reapproved 1998), Standard Test Method for Calorific (Heating) Value of...

  2. 40 CFR 92.5 - Reference materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... § 92.113 ASTM D 1945-91, Standard Test Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography § 92... Supercritical Fluid Chromatography § 92.113 ASTM E 29-93a, Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits...

  3. 40 CFR 92.5 - Reference materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... § 92.113 ASTM D 1945-91, Standard Test Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography § 92... Supercritical Fluid Chromatography § 92.113 ASTM E 29-93a, Standard Practice for Using Significant Digits...

  4. 40 CFR 53.22 - Generation of test atmospheres.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... chromatography, ASTM D2820, reference 10. Use NIST-traceable gaseous methane or propane standards for calibration... methane as required to obtain the concentration specified in Table B-3 Gas chromatography ASTM D2820..., through C5 Hydrocarbons in the Atmosphere by Gas Chromatography”, D 2820, 1987 Annual Book of...

  5. 40 CFR 92.5 - Reference materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography, IBR approved for § 92.113. (9) ASTM D2622-94... Supercritical Fluid Chromatography, IBR approved for § 92.113. (11) ASTM E29-93a, Standard Practice for...

  6. 40 CFR 80.46 - Measurement of reformulated gasoline fuel parameters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Chromatography, approved November 1, 2007. (ii) ASTM standard method D1319-03 e1 (“ASTM D1319”), Standard Test... Determination of Olefin Content of Gasolines by Supercritical-Fluid Chromatography, approved November 1, 2005..., ETBE, TAME, DIPE, tertiary-Amyl Alcohol and C1 to C4 Alcohols in Gasoline by Gas...

  7. 40 CFR 98.244 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7). (ii) ASTM D6060-96 (Reapproved..., Other Hydrocarbons, and Carbon Dioxide in High-Purity Ethylene by Gas Chromatography (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7). (iv) ASTM UOP539-97 Refinery Gas Analysis by Gas Chromatography (incorporated...

  8. 40 CFR 98.164 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7). (ii) ASTM D1946-90 (Reapproved 2006), Standard Practice for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas Chromatography... and Carbon Dioxide by Gas Chromatography (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7). (vi) ASTM...

  9. 40 CFR Table B-2 to Subpart B of... - Test Atmospheres

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... chromatography, ASTM D2820, reference 10. Use NIST-traceable gaseous methane or propane standards for calibration... containing methane as required to obtain the concentration specified in table B-3 Gas chromatography ASTM... the Atmosphere by Gas Chromatography”, D 2820, 1987 Annual Book of Aston Standards, vol...

  10. 40 CFR 98.324 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography; ASTM D1946-90 (Reapproved 2006), Standard Practice for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas Chromatography; ASTM D4891-89 (Reapproved 2006), Standard Test Method for Heating Value... by Gas Chromatography (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7). (2) As an alternative to the...

  11. 40 CFR 80.46 - Measurement of reformulated gasoline fuel parameters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Chromatography, approved November 1, 2007. (ii) ASTM standard method D1319-03 e1 (“ASTM D1319”), Standard Test... Determination of Olefin Content of Gasolines by Supercritical-Fluid Chromatography, approved November 1, 2005..., ETBE, TAME, DIPE, tertiary-Amyl Alcohol and C1 to C4 Alcohols in Gasoline by Gas...

  12. 40 CFR 761.60 - Disposal requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... PCBs shall do so using gas chromatography. Any gas chromatographic method that is appropriate for the... Chromatography” of SW-846, “OSW Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste,” which is available from NTIS; and ASTM... Gas Chromatography,” which is available from ASTM. (2) Owners or users of waste oil may use...

  13. 40 CFR 1065.1010 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Test Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography, approved January 1, 2010, IBR approved... by Gas Chromatography, approved December 1, 2007, IBR approved for § 1065.720(a). (18) ASTM D2598-12... Gasoline by Gas Chromatography, approved October 1, 2013, IBR approved for § 1065.710(b). (32) ASTM...

  14. 40 CFR 92.5 - Reference materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography, IBR approved for § 92.113. (9) ASTM D2622-94... Supercritical Fluid Chromatography, IBR approved for § 92.113. (11) ASTM E29-93a, Standard Practice for...

  15. 40 CFR 98.324 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography; ASTM D1946-90 (Reapproved 2006), Standard Practice for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas Chromatography; ASTM D4891-89 (Reapproved 2006), Standard Test Method for Heating Value... by Gas Chromatography (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7). (2) As an alternative to the...

  16. 40 CFR 98.164 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7). (ii) ASTM D1946-90 (Reapproved 2006), Standard Practice for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas Chromatography... and Carbon Dioxide by Gas Chromatography (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7). (vi) ASTM...

  17. 40 CFR Table B-2 to Subpart B of... - Test Atmospheres

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... chromatography, ASTM D2820, reference 10. Use NIST-traceable gaseous methane or propane standards for calibration... containing methane as required to obtain the concentration specified in table B-3 Gas chromatography ASTM... the Atmosphere by Gas Chromatography”, D 2820, 1987 Annual Book of Aston Standards, vol...

  18. 40 CFR 98.7 - What standardized methods are incorporated by reference into this part?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... for § 98.6. (10) ASTM D1945-03 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography... D1946-90 (Reapproved 2006) Standard Practice for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas Chromatography, IBR... Ethylene by Gas Chromatography, IBR approved for § 98.244(b). (17) ASTM D2597-94 (Reapproved 2004)...

  19. 40 CFR Appendix F to Part 75 - Conversion Procedures

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... ASTM D1945-96 (Reapproved 2001), Standard Test Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography... Chromatography, (gaseous fuels) as applicable. (All of these methods are incorporated by reference under § 75.6... Chromatography, or ASTM D1826-94 (Reapproved 1998), Standard Test Method for Calorific (Heating) Value of...

  20. 40 CFR 53.22 - Generation of test atmospheres.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... containing ethane as required to obtain the concentration specified in Table B-3 Gas chromatography, ASTM... required to obtain the concentration specified in Table B-3 Gas chromatography ASTM D2820, reference 10... the Atmosphere by Gas Chromatography”, D 2820, 1987 Annual Book of Aston Standards, vol...

  1. 40 CFR 92.5 - Reference materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography, IBR approved for § 92.113. (9) ASTM D2622-94... Supercritical Fluid Chromatography, IBR approved for § 92.113. (11) ASTM E29-93a, Standard Practice for...

  2. 40 CFR 98.164 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...). (i) ASTM D1945-03 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography... Reformed Gas by Gas Chromatography (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7). (iii) ASTM D2013-07 Standard... Hydrocarbon Liquid Mixtures Containing Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide by Gas Chromatography (incorporated...

  3. 40 CFR 98.324 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography; ASTM D1946-90 (Reapproved 2006), Standard Practice for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas Chromatography; ASTM D4891-89 (Reapproved 2006), Standard Test Method for Heating Value... by Gas Chromatography (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7). (2) As an alternative to the...

  4. 78 FR 21607 - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Partnership Opportunity on a Research...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-11

    ... research study in support of American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) International standards... properties, such as strength and barrier properties, of isolation gowns to be provided to the ASTM Task Force... weight, breaking strength, tear strength, seam strength, water resistance (impact penetration...

  5. A Comparison of Low-Velocity Impact and Quasi-Static Indentation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-12-01

    system. 12 6. References 1. ASTM D7136/D7136M-05. Standard Test Method for Measuring the Damage Resistance of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composite to...Strength Properties of Damaged Polymer Matrix Composite Plates. Annu. Book ASTM Stand. 2005. 3. Feraboli, P. Some Recommendations for the

  6. Accelerated Aging Experiments for Prognostics of Damage Growth in Composite Materials

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-09-01

    Tension-Tension Fatigue of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials, in D3479/D3479M – 96, A. International, Editor. 2007. [12] ASTM, Standard Test Method...for Tensile Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials, in D3039/D3039M - 08. 2008, ASTM International: Pennsylvania. [13] Larossa, C., et al

  7. 46 CFR 162.027-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL ENGINEERING EQUIPMENT Combination Solid Stream and Water Spray Firehose Nozzles § 162... at the U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Design and Engineering Standards (CG-521), 2100 2nd St., SW., Stop... Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. ASTM...

  8. 16 CFR 306.5 - Automotive fuel rating.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... the automotive fuel rating of gasoline, add the research octane number and the motor octane number and... octane numbers you may either: (1) Use ASTM standard test method ASTM D2699-09, “Standard Test Method for Research Octane Number of Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel” (incorporated by reference, see § 306.0(b)(2)),...

  9. 16 CFR 306.5 - Automotive fuel rating.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... the automotive fuel rating of gasoline, add the research octane number and the motor octane number and... octane numbers you may either: (1) Use ASTM standard test method ASTM D2699-09, “Standard Test Method for Research Octane Number of Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel” (incorporated by reference, see § 306.0(b)(2)),...

  10. 16 CFR 306.5 - Automotive fuel rating.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... the automotive fuel rating of gasoline, add the research octane number and the motor octane number and... octane numbers you may either: (1) Use ASTM standard test method ASTM D2699-09, “Standard Test Method for Research Octane Number of Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel” (incorporated by reference, see § 306.0(b)(2)),...

  11. Novel studies of non-aqueous volatiles in lint Cotton moisture tests by complementary thermal methods

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Moisture affects economical and rheological properties of cotton, making its accurate determination important. A significant difference in moisture contents between the current and most cited standard oven drying ASTM method (ASTM D 2495, SOD) and volumetric Karl Fischer Titration (KFT) has been est...

  12. Data Processing and Measuring System for Studying the Cooling Capacity of Quenchants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsaplin, S. V.; Bolychev, S. A.; Shemanaev, D. V.; Mishagin, B. S.

    2014-09-01

    A domestically produced device for determining the cooling capacity of quenchants is developed on the basis of the ISO 9001, ISO 9950, ASTM D6200-01, and ASTM D6482-01 standards. Acomparison of the results of a determination of the parameters of cooling environments obtained by means of the present device and a foreign counterpart is carried out.

  13. 46 CFR 107.305 - Plans and information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... American Bureau of Shipping (ABS) or American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) specifications. For materials that do not conform to ABS or ASTM specifications, complete specifications, including chemical and... of application of different grades and strengths of materials and include a description of...

  14. 46 CFR 107.305 - Plans and information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... American Bureau of Shipping (ABS) or American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) specifications. For materials that do not conform to ABS or ASTM specifications, complete specifications, including chemical and... of application of different grades and strengths of materials and include a description of...

  15. 46 CFR 107.305 - Plans and information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... American Bureau of Shipping (ABS) or American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) specifications. For materials that do not conform to ABS or ASTM specifications, complete specifications, including chemical and... of application of different grades and strengths of materials and include a description of...

  16. Recommendations for Evaluating Multiple Filters in Ballast Water Management Systems for US Type Approval

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-01-01

    Systems specifying multiple filters. ..................................................... 47 Table 15. ASHRAE guidance on minimum efficiency ...Alternative management system ANS Aquatic nusiance species ASHRAE American Society of Heating , Refrigerating, and Air Conditioning Engineers ASTM ASTM...was developed by the American Society of Heating , Refrigerating, and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), the minimum efficiency reporting value

  17. 40 CFR Appendix A to Part 75 - Specifications and Test Procedures

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... temperature is above the dew-point temperature. If the cause of failure to meet the relative accuracy tests is... Coal and Coke Using High-Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion Methods; ASTM D4294-98, Standard Test... Spectrometry; ASTM D1552-01, Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (High-Temperature...

  18. 46 CFR 56.60-15 - Ductile iron.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Ductile iron. 56.60-15 Section 56.60-15 Shipping COAST... Materials § 56.60-15 Ductile iron. (a) Ductile cast iron components made of material conforming to ASTM A... (incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 56.01-2). (b) Ductile iron castings conforming to ASTM A...

  19. 46 CFR 193.01-3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., MA 02269-9101, telephone 800-344-3555, http://www.nfpa.org. (1) NFPA 13-1996, Standard for the... available for inspection at the Coast Guard, Office of Design and Engineering Standards (CG-521), 2100 2nd... Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, telephone 610-832-9585, http://www.astm.org. (1) ASTM F 1121-87 (1993),...

  20. 46 CFR 76.01-2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Association (NFPA), 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02169-7471, 617-770-3000, http://nfpa.org. (1) NFPA 13-1996, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems (“NFPA 13”), incorporation by reference..., PA 19428-2959, 877-909-2786, http://www.astm.org. (1) ASTM F1121-87 (Reapproved 2010),...

  1. 46 CFR 95.01-2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, 877-909-2786, http://www.astm.org. (1) ASTM F1121-87 (Reapproved 2010), Standard...), incorporation by reference approved for § 95.10-10. (2) (c) National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269-9101, telephone 800-344-3555, http://www.nfpa.org. (1) NFPA...

  2. 46 CFR 95.01-2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, 877-909-2786, http://www.astm.org. (1) ASTM F1121-87 (Reapproved 2010), Standard...), incorporation by reference approved for § 95.10-10. (2) (c) National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269-9101, telephone 800-344-3555, http://www.nfpa.org. (1) NFPA...

  3. 46 CFR 95.01-2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., MA 02269-9101, telephone 800-344-3555, http://www.nfpa.org. (1) NFPA 13-1996, Standard for the... available for inspection at the Coast Guard, Office of Design and Engineering Standards (CG-521), 2100 2nd..., PA 19428-2959, telephone 610-832-9585, http://www.astm.org. (1) ASTM F 1121-87 (1993),...

  4. 46 CFR 34.01-15 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., telephone 800-344-3555, http://www.nfpa.org. (1) NFPA 13-1996, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler..., Office of Design and Engineering Standards (CG-521), 2100 2nd St. SW., Stop 7126, Washington, DC 20593..., http://www.astm.org. (1) ASTM F 1121-87 (Reapproved 1993), Standard Specification for...

  5. 46 CFR 193.01-3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... reference approved for § 193.10-10. (2) (c) National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269-9101, telephone 800-344-3555, http://www.nfpa.org. (1) NFPA 13-1996, Standard for the..., 877-909-2786, http://www.astm.org. (1) ASTM F1121-87 (Reapproved 2010), Standard Specification...

  6. 46 CFR 95.01-2 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ..., MA 02269-9101, telephone 800-344-3555, http://www.nfpa.org. (1) NFPA 13-1996, Standard for the... available for inspection at the Coast Guard, Office of Design and Engineering Standards (CG-ENG), 2100 2nd..., PA 19428-2959, telephone 610-832-9585, http://www.astm.org. (1) ASTM F 1121-87 (1993),...

  7. 46 CFR 34.01-15 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., telephone 800-344-3555, http://www.nfpa.org. (1) NFPA 13-1996, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler..., Office of Design and Engineering Standards (CG-521), 2100 2nd St. SW., Stop 7126, Washington, DC 20593..., http://www.astm.org. (1) ASTM F 1121-87 (Reapproved 1993), Standard Specification for...

  8. 24 CFR 3280.706 - Oil piping systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT MANUFACTURED HOME CONSTRUCTION AND SAFETY STANDARDS Heating, Cooling and Fuel Burning... the Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Water Tube, ASTM B88-93, or shall comply with ASTM B280... copper tubing or 1/4 inch IPS. If No. 1 fuel oil is used with a listed automatic pump (fuel...

  9. Methods to Use Surface Infiltration Tests in Permeable Pavement Systems to Determine Maintenance Frequency

    EPA Science Inventory

    Currently, there is limited guidance on selecting test sites to measure surface infiltration rates in permeable pavement systems to determine maintenance frequency. The ASTM method (ASTM C1701) for measuring infiltration rate of in-place pervious concrete suggest to either (1) p...

  10. The Development of Plasma Synthesis to Produce Pre-Alloyed, Ultrafine Intermetallic Aluminide Powers for Injection Molding

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-12-01

    density being measured in accordance with the applicable ASTM standard C373 ) of the former pellet was measured to be greater than 96% of theoretical...to five hours. The sintered pellets were metallographically polished and examined in a SEM and their density measured according to the existing ASTM

  11. 46 CFR 160.156-5 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 160.156-15 (“ASTM A 653”). (6) ASTM B 209-07, Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy... 653M-08, Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) or Zinc-Iron Alloy-Coated...-08, Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics, (approved April 1, 2008), IBR...

  12. 46 CFR 160.156-5 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate, (approved August 1, 2007), IBR approved for § 160.156-7 (“ASTM B 209”). (7) ASTM D 638-08, Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics, (approved April... Alloy-Coated (Galvannealed) by the Hot-Dip Process, (approved July 15, 2008), IBR approved for §§...

  13. 46 CFR 160.135-5 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...) ASTM B 209-07, Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate, (approved August... Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) or Zinc-Iron Alloy-Coated (Galvannealed) by the Hot-Dip...”). (6) ASTM B 127-05 (Reapproved 2009), Standard Specification for Nickel-Copper Alloy (UNS...

  14. 46 CFR 160.135-5 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...) ASTM B 209-07, Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate, (approved August... Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) or Zinc-Iron Alloy-Coated (Galvannealed) by the Hot-Dip...”). (6) ASTM B 127-05 (Reapproved 2009), Standard Specification for Nickel-Copper Alloy (UNS...

  15. 46 CFR 160.135-5 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...) ASTM B 209-07, Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate, (approved August... Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) or Zinc-Iron Alloy-Coated (Galvannealed) by the Hot-Dip...”). (6) ASTM B 127-05 (Reapproved 2009), Standard Specification for Nickel-Copper Alloy (UNS...

  16. 46 CFR 160.156-5 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 160.156-15 (“ASTM A 653”). (6) ASTM B 209-07, Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy... 653M-08, Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) or Zinc-Iron Alloy-Coated...-08, Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics, (approved April 1, 2008), IBR...

  17. 21 CFR 175.270 - Poly(vinyl fluoride) resins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...(vinyl fluoride) basic resins have an intrinsic viscosity of not less than 0.75 deciliter per gram as determined by ASTM method D1243-79, “Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Vinyl Chloride... (ASTM method D1243-79, “Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Vinyl Chloride...

  18. 76 FR 57682 - Petition Requesting Regulations Restricting Cadmium in Children's Products

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-16

    ... COMMISSION 16 CFR Chapter II Petition Requesting Regulations Restricting Cadmium in Children's Products... cadmium in children's products, especially toy metal jewelry. On September 6, 2011, the Commission granted... cadmium in children's jewelry is published by ASTM International, Inc. (``ASTM'') within three...

  19. 40 CFR 52.742 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    .... (1) ASTM D1475-85, Standard Test Method for Density of Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products... Coatings, for § 52.741(a)(4)(i)(B)(3)(ii). (3) ASTM D3792-86, Standard Test Method for Water Content of Water-Reducible Paints by Direct Injection into a Gas Chromatograph, for §...

  20. 40 CFR 761.19 - References.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Bomb Method), IBR approved for § 761.71. (3) ASTM D240-87, Standard Test Method for Heat of Combustion of Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuel by Bomb Calorimeter, IBR approved for § 761.71. (4) ASTM D482-87, Standard..., Standard Test Method for Chlorine in New and Used Petroleum Products (Bomb Method), IBR approved for §...

  1. 40 CFR 761.19 - References.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Bomb Method), IBR approved for § 761.71. (3) ASTM D240-87, Standard Test Method for Heat of Combustion of Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuel by Bomb Calorimeter, IBR approved for § 761.71. (4) ASTM D482-87, Standard..., Standard Test Method for Chlorine in New and Used Petroleum Products (Bomb Method), IBR approved for §...

  2. 40 CFR 761.19 - References.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Bomb Method), IBR approved for § 761.71. (3) ASTM D240-87, Standard Test Method for Heat of Combustion of Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuel by Bomb Calorimeter, IBR approved for § 761.71. (4) ASTM D482-87, Standard..., Standard Test Method for Chlorine in New and Used Petroleum Products (Bomb Method), IBR approved for §...

  3. 46 CFR 108.101 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... International 100 Barr Harbor Drive, P.O. Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, 877-909-2786, http://www.astm.org. ASTM D 93-97, Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester...

  4. 46 CFR 108.101 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... International 100 Barr Harbor Drive, P.O. Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, 877-909-2786, http://www.astm.org. ASTM D 93-97, Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester...

  5. 40 CFR 60.17 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Method for Analysis of Demethanized Hydrocarbon Liquid Mixtures Containing Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide by... §§ 60.335(b)(10)(ii) and 60.4415(a)(1)(ii). (69) ASTM D4629-02, Standard Test Method for Trace Nitrogen.... (77) ASTM D5762-02, Standard Test Method for Nitrogen in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by...

  6. 40 CFR 60.17 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Method for Analysis of Demethanized Hydrocarbon Liquid Mixtures Containing Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide by... §§ 60.335(b)(10)(ii) and 60.4415(a)(1)(ii). (69) ASTM D4629-02, Standard Test Method for Trace Nitrogen.... (77) ASTM D5762-02, Standard Test Method for Nitrogen in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by...

  7. 46 CFR 164.120-7 - Acceptance criteria.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... ASTM D 695 241 MPa (35,000 ln/in2). (v) Fire retardant MSC Circ. 1006 Pass. (vi) Water absorption, 24... hours in boiling distilled water as per ASTM D 570 paragraph 7.5. The specimens must then be cooled in water at 23 °C and tested wet at standard conditions immediately after removal from the water.):...

  8. 75 FR 38594 - Buy America Waiver Notification

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-02

    ... a Buy America waiver is appropriate for the use of non-domestic high strength steel bars ASTM A722M... source for the high strength steel bars ASTM A722M 150 ksi (1\\7/8\\ inches in diameter). As a result... is appropriate for the use of non-domestic high strength steel bars for emergency repairs of...

  9. Properties of Concrete with Tire Derived Aggregate Partially Replacing Coarse Aggregates.

    PubMed

    Siringi, Gideon; Abolmaali, Ali; Aswath, Pranesh B

    2015-01-01

    Tire derived aggregate (TDA) has been proposed as a possible lightweight replacement for mineral aggregate in concrete. The role played by the amount of TDA replacing coarse aggregate as well as different treatment and additives in concrete on its properties is examined. Conventional concrete (without TDA) and concrete containing TDA are compared by examining their compressive strength based on ASTM C39, workability based on ASTM C143, splitting tensile strength based on ASTM C496, modulus of rupture (flexural strength) based on ASTM C78, and bond stress based on ASTM C234. Results indicate that while replacement of coarse aggregates with TDA results in reduction in strength, it may be mitigated with addition of silica fume to obtain the desired strength. The greatest benefit of using TDA is in the development of a higher ductile product while utilizing recycled TDA.

  10. Properties of Concrete with Tire Derived Aggregate Partially Replacing Coarse Aggregates

    PubMed Central

    Siringi, Gideon; Abolmaali, Ali; Aswath, Pranesh B.

    2015-01-01

    Tire derived aggregate (TDA) has been proposed as a possible lightweight replacement for mineral aggregate in concrete. The role played by the amount of TDA replacing coarse aggregate as well as different treatment and additives in concrete on its properties is examined. Conventional concrete (without TDA) and concrete containing TDA are compared by examining their compressive strength based on ASTM C39, workability based on ASTM C143, splitting tensile strength based on ASTM C496, modulus of rupture (flexural strength) based on ASTM C78, and bond stress based on ASTM C234. Results indicate that while replacement of coarse aggregates with TDA results in reduction in strength, it may be mitigated with addition of silica fume to obtain the desired strength. The greatest benefit of using TDA is in the development of a higher ductile product while utilizing recycled TDA. PMID:26161440

  11. Final Report, Volume 2, The Development of Qualification Standards for Cast Duplex Stainless Steel

    SciTech Connect

    Russell, Steven, W.; Lundin, Carl, D.

    2005-09-30

    The scope of testing cast Duplex Stainless Steel (DSS) required testing to several ASTM specifications, while formulating and conducting industry round robin tests to verify and study the reproducibility of the results. ASTM E562 (Standard Test Method for Determining Volume Fraction by Systematic manual Point Count) and ASTM A923 (Standard Test Methods for Detecting Detrimental Intermetallic Phase in Wrought Duplex Austenitic/Ferritic Stainless Steels) were the specifications utilized in conducting this work. An ASTM E562 industry round robin, ASTM A923 applicability study, ASTM A923 industry round robin, and an ASTM A923 study of the effectiveness of existing foundry solution annealing procedures for producing cast DSS without intermetallic phases were implemented. In the ASTM E562 study, 5 samples were extracted from various cast austenitic and DSS in order to have varying amounts of ferrite. Each sample was metallographically prepared by UT and sent to each of 8 participants for volume fraction of ferrite measurements. Volume fraction of ferrite was measured using manual point count per ASTM E562. FN was measured from the Feritescope{reg_sign} and converted to volume fraction of ferrite. Results indicate that ASTM E562 is applicable to DSS and the results have excellent lab-to-lab reproducibility. Also, volume fraction of ferrite conversions from the FN measured by the Feritescope{reg_sign} were similar to volume fraction of ferrite measured per ASTM E562. In the ASTM A923 applicability to cast DSS study, 8 different heat treatments were performed on 3 lots of ASTM A890-4A (CD3MN) castings and 1 lot of 2205 wrought DSS. The heat treatments were selected to produce a wide range of cooling rates and hold times in order to study the suitability of ASTM A923 to the response of varying amounts on intermetallic phases [117]. The test parameters were identical to those used to develop ASTM A923 for wrought DSS. Charpy V-notch impact samples were extracted from the

  12. Final Report, Volume 2, The Development of Qualification Standards for Cast Duplex Stainless Steel

    SciTech Connect

    Russell, Steven, W.; Lundin, Carl, W.

    2005-09-30

    The scope of testing cast Duplex Stainless Steel (DSS) required testing to several ASTM specifications, while formulating and conducting industry round robin tests to verify and study the reproducibility of the results. ASTM E562 (Standard Test Method for Determining Volume Fraction by Systematic manual Point Count) and ASTM A923 (Standard Test Methods for Detecting Detrimental Intermetallic Phase in Wrought Duplex Austenitic/Ferritic Stainless Steels) were the specifications utilized in conducting this work. An ASTM E562 industry round robin, ASTM A923 applicability study, ASTM A923 industry round robin, and an ASTM A923 study of the effectiveness of existing foundry solution annealing procedures for producing cast DSS without intermetallic phases were implemented. In the ASTM E562 study, 5 samples were extracted from various cast austenitic and DSS in order to have varying amounts of ferrite. Each sample was metallographically prepared by UT and sent to each of 8 participants for volume fraction of ferrite measurements. Volume fraction of ferrite was measured using manual point count per ASTM E562. FN was measured from the Feritescope® and converted to volume fraction of ferrite. Results indicate that ASTM E562 is applicable to DSS and the results have excellent lab-to-lab reproducibility. Also, volume fraction of ferrite conversions from the FN measured by the Feritescope® were similar to volume fraction of ferrite measured per ASTM E562. In the ASTM A923 applicability to cast DSS study, 8 different heat treatments were performed on 3 lots of ASTM A890-4A (CD3MN) castings and 1 lot of 2205 wrought DSS. The heat treatments were selected to produce a wide range of cooling rates and hold times in order to study the suitability of ASTM A923 to the response of varying amounts on intermetallic phases [117]. The test parameters were identical to those used to develop ASTM A923 for wrought DSS. Charpy V-notch impact samples were extracted from the castings and wrought

  13. Non-Chromated Coating Systems for Corrosion Protection of Aircraft Aluminum Alloys (Preprint)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-04-01

    an HVLP 3 spray gun in an environmentally controlled paint booth at 75°F and 50% RH. Primers were mixed according to manufacturer’s...the performance of the standard chromate system in the following tests: ASTM B 117 Salt Spray [2], ASTM D 2803 Filiform Corrosion Test [3], ASTM D...weight between 40 and 60 mg/ft2. MSZ, a water-based sol-gel system, was applied by the manufacturer’s suggested spray method. The material was mixed

  14. The Effect of Sensitization on the Stress Corrosion Cracking of Aluminum Alloy 5456

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-01

    of corrosive environment. The nitric acid mass loss test, ASTM G67 [9], is the standard test method in the Department of Defense (DoD) for...Table 5. Summary of mean and amplitude loads used for ∆K threshold corrosion fatigue tests. 47 D. NITRIC ACID MASS LOSS TEST – ASTM G67 The nitric ...after exposure to nitric acid ," vol. G67-04, ed: ASTM International, 2004, pp. 1–3. [10] E. Herzberg, "The annual cosst of corrosion for DOD

  15. Manufacturing Methods and Technology for Electromagnetic Components. Volume I. Phase I.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-12-01

    that the amount of VCM appears as a medium or heavy deposit on the collection surface is cause for rejection of the sample. In recent years ASTM E595 ...properties. Mechanical and thermal properties are covered fairly well by ASTM procedures. c) A major source of failure in encapsulated rragnetic components...hour immersion per ASTM D570. One sample of each material was cast, cur-d, machined to a thickness of one- eighth (1/8) inch and a diameter of two

  16. Manufacturing Methods and Technology for Electromagnetic Components.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-10-01

    amount of VCM appears as a medium or heavy dceposit on the collection surface is cause for rejection of the sample. In recent years ASTM E595 (77) has... ASTM procedures. c) A major source of failure in encapsulated rragnetic components wound with fine wire is breakage of the leads between the coil and...per ASTM D570. One sample of each material was cast, cured, machined to a thickness of one- eighth (1/8) inch and a diameter of two (2) inches, and

  17. 40 CFR 86.513-2004 - Fuel and engine lubricant specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Fuel Specifications Item Procedure Value Distillation Range: 1. Initial boiling point, °C ASTM D 86-97 23.9—35.0 1 2. 10% point, °C ASTM D 86-97 48.9—57.2 3. 50% point, °C ASTM D 86-97 93.3—110.0 4. 90... 52 to 55 kPa and the specified initial boiling point range is (23.9 to 40.6) °C. (2)...

  18. 40 CFR 86.513-2004 - Fuel and engine lubricant specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Fuel Specifications Item Procedure Value Distillation Range: 1. Initial boiling point, °C ASTM D 86-97 23.9—35.0 1 2. 10% point, °C ASTM D 86-97 48.9—57.2 3. 50% point, °C ASTM D 86-97 93.3—110.0 4. 90... 52 to 55 kPa and the specified initial boiling point range is (23.9 to 40.6) °C. (2)...

  19. 40 CFR 86.513-2004 - Fuel and engine lubricant specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Fuel Specifications Item Procedure Value Distillation Range: 1. Initial boiling point, °C ASTM D 86-97 23.9—35.0 1 2. 10% point, °C ASTM D 86-97 48.9—57.2 3. 50% point, °C ASTM D 86-97 93.3—110.0 4. 90... 52 to 55 kPa and the specified initial boiling point range is (23.9 to 40.6) °C. (2)...

  20. 40 CFR 86.513-2004 - Fuel and engine lubricant specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Fuel Specifications Item Procedure Value Distillation Range: 1. Initial boiling point, °C ASTM D 86-97 23.9—35.0 1 2. 10% point, °C ASTM D 86-97 48.9—57.2 3. 50% point, °C ASTM D 86-97 93.3—110.0 4. 90... 52 to 55 kPa and the specified initial boiling point range is (23.9 to 40.6) °C. (2)...

  1. 40 CFR 86.513-2004 - Fuel and engine lubricant specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Fuel Specifications Item Procedure Value Distillation Range: 1. Initial boiling point, °C ASTM D 86-97 23.9—35.0 1 2. 10% point, °C ASTM D 86-97 48.9—57.2 3. 50% point, °C ASTM D 86-97 93.3—110.0 4. 90... 52 to 55 kPa and the specified initial boiling point range is (23.9 to 40.6) °C. (2)...

  2. Building Insulation Materials Compilation.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-09-01

    this material in use. Extruded polystyrene shows a permeability to water vapor of 0.6 perm-in when tested by ASTM- C355 -64 and a volumetric water...ASTM- C355 , and water absorption less than 2% by weight by ASTM-C272. Polystyrene foam insulating boards and sheathing are used in residential...Insulations C520 Test for Density of Granular Loose Fill Insulations C1622 Test for Apparent Density of Rigid Cellular Plastics C355 Test for Water Vapor

  3. Behavior of Sand/Concrete Interfaces under Dynamic Loads.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-04-01

    procedures outlined by ASTM D421-58 and D422- 63. Two grain size tests were performed for each sand type using a 1000 gram sample of sand for each test...which was performed. Each relative density test was performed according to the procedure outlined by ASTM D2049-69. The objective of 29 the relative...respectively. Each direct shear test was performed according to the procedure outlined by ASTM D3080-72. Direct shear tests were conducted by the use of an

  4. Soils Project Risk-Based Corrective Action Evaluation Process with ROTC 1 and ROTC 2, Revision 0

    SciTech Connect

    Matthews, Patrick; Sloop, Christina

    2012-04-01

    This document formally defines and clarifies the NDEP-approved process the NNSA/NSO Soils Activity uses to fulfill the requirements of the FFACO and state regulations. This process is used to establish FALs in accordance with the risk-based corrective action (RBCA) process stipulated in Chapter 445 of the Nevada Administrative Code (NAC) as described in the ASTM International (ASTM) Method E1739-95 (NAC, 2008; ASTM, 1995). It is designed to provide a set of consistent standards for chemical and radiological corrective actions.

  5. Hightemperature Mechanical Properties of Sintered Alpha Silicon Carbide (13 October 1978 - 13 October 1979),

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-02-19

    greater than 0.5 mm long. Den- sity, measured by the immersion method ( ASTM - C373 -72) varied from 3.08 to 3.15 q/cc. For each test, specimens were randomly...long. Density, measured by the immersion method**, varied from 3.07 to 3.16 g/cc. Metal lographic * Carborundum Co. ** ASTM - C373 -72 -2- AIRESEARCH...antificial ocean saltwater ( ASTM -D1141-52 (without heavy metals)), baked in air at 900’C for 65 hr and then at 1260 0C for 65 hr in an electric furnace

  6. Brittle Materials Design, High Temperature Gas Turbine

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-04-01

    75P1 Density (gm/cm3) Green Strength (psi) Molding Shrinkage r9b) Spiral Flow (inches) ASTM C373 -56 2.6 2.72 2.82 3 Point MOR...3900 > 4000 2900 L = 1-1/8" Direct Measurement 0.5 0.4 0.35 ASTM D3123-72 24 10 6.75 Test Conditions T Material 200...SPIRAL FLOW TEST ON ATTRITOR MILLED ANL 140 HOUR GRIND INJECTION MOLDING COMPOSITIONS Test Method ASTM D3123-72 Test Conditions 140 Hour Grind

  7. 40 CFR 721.9825 - Phenyl substituted triazolinones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... cycle of dermal exposure in the workplace. If ASTM F1383 is used for testing, the company must submit to... chemical substances will be treated using activated carbon adsorption, then the amount of...

  8. Final Report, Volume 3, Guidance Document for the Evaluation of Cast Super Duplex Stainless Steel

    SciTech Connect

    Hariharan, Vasudevan; Lundin, Carl, W.

    2005-09-30

    Volume 3 is comprised of the Development of Qualification Standards for Cast Super Duplex Stainless Steel (A890-5A) which is equivalent to wrought 2507. The objective of this work was to determine the suitability of ASTM A923 Standard Test methods for Detecting Detrimental Intermetallic Phase in Duplex Austenitic-Ferritic Stainless Steels for 25 Cr Cast Super Duplex Stainless Steels (ASTM A890-5A). The various tests which were carried out were ASTM A923 Test Method A, B and C (Sodium Hydroxide Etch Test, Charpy Impact Test and Ferric Chloride Corrosion Test), ferrite measurement using Feritscope®, ASTM E562 Manual Point Count Method and X-Ray Diffraction, hardness measurement using Rockwell B and C and microstructural analysis using SEM and EDS.

  9. DETERMINING MINIMUM IGNITION ENERGIES AND QUENCHING DISTANCES OF DIFFICULT-TO-IGNITE COMPOUNDS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Minimum spark energies and corresponding flat-plate electrode quenching distances required to initiate propagation of a combustion wave have been experimentally measured for four flammable hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) refrigerants and propane using ASTM (American Society for Testing a...

  10. 77 FR 50114 - Food and Drug Administration Modernization Act of 1997: Modifications to the List of Recognized...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-20

    ... Stemmed Hip Arthroplasty Femoral Components with Torsion. 11-203 ASTM F1541-02 (Reapproved Reaffirmation... 1997-07-01. endoscopes and endoscopic accessories--Part 3: Determination of field of view and...

  11. A training programme involving automatic self-transcending meditation in late-life depression: preliminary analysis of an ongoing randomised controlled trial.

    PubMed

    Vasudev, Akshya; Arena, Amanda; Burhan, Amer M; Ionson, Emily; Hirjee, Hussein; Maldeniya, Pramudith; Wetmore, Stephen; Newman, Ronnie I

    2016-03-01

    Late-life depression affects 2-6% of seniors aged 60 years and above. Patients are increasingly embracing non-pharmacological therapies, many of which have not been scientifically evaluated. This study aimed to evaluate a category of meditation, automatic self-transcending meditation (ASTM), in alleviating symptoms of depression when augmenting treatment as usual (NCT02149810). The preliminary results of an ongoing single-blind randomised controlled trial comparing a training programme involving ASTM with a wait-list control indicate that a 12-week ASTM programme may lead to significantly greater reductions in depression and anxiety severity. As such, ASTM may be an effective adjunctive therapy in the treatment of late-life depression.

  12. 46 CFR 160.055-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ..., Cotton, General Purpose, Natural or in Colors. MIL-T-3530E—Thread and Twine; Mildew Resistant or Water...), Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property—Adhesion to Flexible Substrate—160.055-3 ASTM D 570-95,...

  13. 46 CFR 160.055-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ..., Cotton, General Purpose, Natural or in Colors. MIL-T-3530E—Thread and Twine; Mildew Resistant or Water...), Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property—Adhesion to Flexible Substrate—160.055-3 ASTM D 570-95,...

  14. 46 CFR 160.055-1 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ..., Cotton, General Purpose, Natural or in Colors. MIL-T-3530E—Thread and Twine; Mildew Resistant or Water...), Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property—Adhesion to Flexible Substrate—160.055-3 ASTM D 570-95,...

  15. ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY PROTOCOL VERIFICATION REPORT, GENERAL VENTILATION FILTERS (WITH APPENDICES)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The results of the electrostatically charged filters tested by three labs were analyzed following the method described in "Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method" (ASTM E691). The statistical analysis examin...

  16. 24 CFR 200.945 - Supplementary specific requirements under the HUD building product standards and certification...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Chemists and Colorists: (i) ASTM D418-92—Standard Test Methods for Tuft and Yarn Length of Uncoated Floor..., PA 19103 and the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists, P.O. Box 12215,...

  17. 24 CFR 200.945 - Supplementary specific requirements under the HUD building product standards and certification...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Chemists and Colorists: (i) ASTM D418-92—Standard Test Methods for Tuft and Yarn Length of Uncoated Floor..., PA 19103 and the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists, P.O. Box 12215,...

  18. 46 CFR 160.133-13 - Approval inspections and tests for prototype release mechanisms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... boat in either the full load or light load condition. For a free-fall boat, the operation of the hook...) must meet the coating mass and bend tests requirement specified under ASTM A 653 after galvanizing...

  19. 40 CFR 98.114 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Equation K-1 of this subpart by summing the monthly mass for the material determined for each month of the... agents and carbon electrodes. (iii) ASTM C25-06, Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of...

  20. Results of the 2007 B100 Quality Survey

    SciTech Connect

    Alleman, T. L.; McCormick, R. L.

    2008-03-01

    In a 2007 analysis of samples from 52% of U.S. biodiesel (B100) producers, 90% met ASTM and other specifications for critical engine performance properties and for elements that harm emission controls.

  1. Quality control considerations in performing washability analyses

    SciTech Connect

    Graham, R.D.

    1984-10-01

    The author describes, in considerable detail, the procedures for carrying out washability analyses as laid down in ASTM Standard Test Method D4371. These include sampling, sample preparation, hydrometer standardisation, washability testing, and analysis of specific gravity fractions.

  2. 40 CFR 98.234 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...: ASTM International, the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), the American Gas Association (AGA... subpart. (ii) Supplier data. (iii) Engineering calculations. (iv) Other company records. (2) Best... (h)(1). (ii) Centrifugal compressor wet seal oil degassing venting in onshore natural gas...

  3. 75 FR 43107 - Revocation of Requirements for Full-Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-23

    ... the regulations pertaining to cribs? The Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008, Public Law... developed by ASTM International (formerly known as the American Society for Testing and Materials),...

  4. 40 CFR 98.334 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Zinc Production § 98.334 Monitoring and QA/QC requirements. If... (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7), analyze zinc bearing materials. (ii) Using ASTM D5373-08 Standard...

  5. 40 CFR 98.334 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Zinc Production § 98.334 Monitoring and QA/QC requirements. If... (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7), analyze zinc bearing materials. (ii) Using ASTM D5373-08 Standard...

  6. 40 CFR 98.334 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Zinc Production § 98.334 Monitoring and QA/QC requirements. If... (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7), analyze zinc bearing materials. (ii) Using ASTM D5373-08 Standard...

  7. 40 CFR 98.334 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Zinc Production § 98.334 Monitoring and QA/QC requirements. If... (incorporated by reference, see § 98.7), analyze zinc bearing materials. (ii) Using ASTM D5373-08 Standard...

  8. American standards for UV-protective textiles.

    PubMed

    Hatch, Kathryn L

    2002-01-01

    During the last 3 years, three standard documents that pertain to the testing and labeling of UV-protective textile products have been published by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) and the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists (AATCC). The titles of these documents, which are available for purchase at www.astm.org and www.aatcc.org are: ASTM D 6544 "Standard Practice for the Preparation of Textiles Prior to UV Transmission Testing", AATCC 183 "Test Method for Transmittance or Blocking of Erythemally Weighted Ultraviolet Radiation Through Fabrics", and ASTM 6603 "Standard Guide to Labeling of UV-protective Textiles". This chapter summarizes the content of each document and shows how the documents are linked together to make a comprehensive plan for the testing and labeling of UV-protective textile products to be sold in the United States. It also describes the intended future work in the United States on UV-protective textile standards.

  9. 24 CFR 200.948 - Building product standards and certification program for carpet cushion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... and Copolymers (Closed-Cell Foam); (ii) ASTM D2646-87—Standard Test Methods for Backing Fabrics; (iii...—Standard Specification for Rubber Cellular Cushion Used for Carpet or Rug Underlay. (2) These...

  10. 24 CFR 200.948 - Building product standards and certification program for carpet cushion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... and Copolymers (Closed-Cell Foam); (ii) ASTM D2646-87—Standard Test Methods for Backing Fabrics; (iii...—Standard Specification for Rubber Cellular Cushion Used for Carpet or Rug Underlay. (2) These...

  11. 24 CFR 200.948 - Building product standards and certification program for carpet cushion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... and Copolymers (Closed-Cell Foam); (ii) ASTM D2646-87—Standard Test Methods for Backing Fabrics; (iii...—Standard Specification for Rubber Cellular Cushion Used for Carpet or Rug Underlay. (2) These...

  12. 24 CFR 200.948 - Building product standards and certification program for carpet cushion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... and Copolymers (Closed-Cell Foam); (ii) ASTM D2646-87—Standard Test Methods for Backing Fabrics; (iii...—Standard Specification for Rubber Cellular Cushion Used for Carpet or Rug Underlay. (2) These...

  13. 21 CFR 177.1610 - Polyethylene, chlorinated.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... chlorinated polyethylene contains a maximum of 60 percent by weight of total chlorine, as determined by ASTM 1method D1303-55 (Reapproved 1979), “Standard Test Method for Total Chlorine in Vinyl Chloride...

  14. 40 CFR 721.9825 - Phenyl substituted triazolinones.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... cycle of dermal exposure in the workplace. If ASTM F1383 is used for testing, the company must submit to... chemical substances will be treated using activated carbon adsorption, then the amount of...

  15. 40 CFR 59.412 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Having Special Properties for Curing and Sealing Concrete, incorporation by reference approved for § 59.401, Concrete curing and sealing compound. (2) ASTM Method D 523-89, Standard Test Method for...

  16. 40 CFR 59.412 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Having Special Properties for Curing and Sealing Concrete, incorporation by reference approved for § 59.401, Concrete curing and sealing compound. (2) ASTM Method D 523-89, Standard Test Method for...

  17. 40 CFR 59.412 - Incorporations by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Having Special Properties for Curing and Sealing Concrete, incorporation by reference approved for § 59.401, Concrete curing and sealing compound. (2) ASTM Method D 523-89, Standard Test Method for...

  18. 76 FR 38613 - Initiation of Five-Year (“Sunset”) Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-01

    ... & Tube (3rd Review). A-580-810 731-TA-540 South Korea Welded ASTM A-312 Dana Mermelstein, (202) 482-1391... 731-TA-533 South Korea Circular Welded Non- David Goldberger, (202) 482-4136. Alloy Steel Pipe...

  19. The Toxicity of Mustard and Mustard Lewisite to Terrestrial Organisms

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-09-24

    developed by Green et al. (1989) and presented by standards organizations (OECD 1993, ASTM 1996b). The test species included lettuce ( Lactuca ... sativa ), alfalfa (Medicago sativa ) and northern wheat grass (Agropyron dasystachyum) selected in order to provide a representative commercial

  20. 40 CFR 80.2 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... from API gravity and mid-boiling point as determined by ASTM standard method D 976-80, entitled... point between any gasoline or diesel fuel refinery or importer's facility and any retail outlet...

  1. 40 CFR 80.2 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... from API gravity and mid-boiling point as determined by ASTM standard method D 976-80, entitled... point between any gasoline or diesel fuel refinery or importer's facility and any retail outlet...

  2. 30 CFR 256.40 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... products means natural gas liquid products including the following: ethane, propane, butane, pentane... Processors Association (NGPA) or the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM): (A) Ethane—C2 H6...

  3. 76 FR 28791 - Strategy To Address Recommendations Issued by the Institute of Medicine in November 2010 Report...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-18

    ... Standardization News (2004), which can be viewed at http://www.astm.org/SNEWS/DECEMBER_2004/gillerman_dec04.html.... finalizing the conformity assessment terminology to be used in the effort; 4. defining low, medium, and...

  4. Initial formulation results for in situ grouting of a waste trench at ORNL Site No. 6

    SciTech Connect

    Tallent, O.K.; McDaniel, E.W.; Spence, R.D.; Godsey, T.T.

    1987-01-01

    An investigation is being conducted by the Chemical Technology Division to assist the Environmental Sciences Division in developing a grout formulation for use in testing in situ grouting in a waste trench at ORNL Site 6. This final report satisfies the milestone of Subtack 12 entitled, ''Low Level Waste (LLW) Trench Grouting Assessment,'' which was initially issued as RAP-86-7, December 31, 1985. Grouts prepared from dry-solid blends containing Type I Portland cement, ASTM Class C or Class F fly ash, and bentonite, mixed water at ratios of 10 to 15 lb/gal, were evaluated. The grouts prepared with ASTM Class C fly ash exhibited significantly better properties than those prepared with ASTM Class F fly ash. The grouts containing ASTM Class C fly ash satisfy tentative performance criteria for the project. 8 refs., 7 tabs.

  5. 24 CFR 200.926e - Supplemental information for use with the CABO One and Two Family Dwelling Code.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... region shall be as established by the map in ASTM C 62-83. (f) Subject to damage from: frost line depth... 6 in. below the finished grade and, where applicable, the prevailing frost line. (g) Subject...

  6. 24 CFR 200.926e - Supplemental information for use with the CABO One and Two Family Dwelling Code.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... region shall be as established by the map in ASTM C 62-83. (f) Subject to damage from: frost line depth... 6 in. below the finished grade and, where applicable, the prevailing frost line. (g) Subject...

  7. 75 FR 82374 - Notice of Final Results of Antidumping Duty Changed Circumstances Review: Certain Circular Welded...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-30

    ... conveyance of water, steam, natural gas, and other liquids and gases in plumbing and heating systems, air conditioning units, automatic sprinkler systems, and other related uses, and generally meet ASTM...

  8. 16 CFR 309.10 - Alternative vehicle fuel rating.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography.” For the purposes of this section, fuel ratings for the... methods set forth in ASTM D 1946-90, “Standard Practice for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas...

  9. 16 CFR 309.10 - Alternative vehicle fuel rating.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography.” For the purposes of this section, fuel ratings for the... methods set forth in ASTM D 1946-90, “Standard Practice for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas...

  10. 40 CFR 799.5085 - Chemical testing requirements for first group of high production volume chemicals (HPV1).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Coefficient (N-Octanol/Water) Estimation by Liquid Chromatography, ASTM E 1147-92. (Reapproved 1997) (iii... chromatography) Method C: 40 CFR 799.6756 (generator column) 5. Water Solubility: (See special conditions for...

  11. 16 CFR 309.10 - Alternative vehicle fuel rating.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography.” For the purposes of this section, fuel ratings for the... methods set forth in ASTM D 1946-90, “Standard Practice for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas...

  12. 16 CFR 309.10 - Alternative vehicle fuel rating.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography.” For the purposes of this section, fuel ratings for the... methods set forth in ASTM D 1946-90, “Standard Practice for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas...

  13. 16 CFR 309.10 - Alternative vehicle fuel rating.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography.” For the purposes of this section, fuel ratings for the... methods set forth in ASTM D 1946-90, “Standard Practice for Analysis of Reformed Gas by Gas...

  14. 40 CFR 49.123 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Chromatography and Chemiluminescence, IBR approved for § 49.130(e)(4). (xviii) ASTM D4468-85(Reapproved 2000... by Gas Chromatography and Flame Photometric Detection, IBR approved for § 49.130(e)(4)....

  15. 75 FR 65051 - Consensus Standards, Standard Practice for Inspection of Airplane Electrical Wiring Systems

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-21

    ... of Airplane Electrical Wiring Systems. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: James Brady, Aerospace... Development and Use of Voluntary Consensus Standards and in Conformity Assessment Activities,'' dated February 10, 1998, industry and the FAA have been working with ASTM International to develop...

  16. 46 CFR 174.007 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Engineering Standards (CG-521), 2100 2nd St., SW., Stop 7126, Washington, DC 20593-7126 and at the National... are: American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken,...

  17. 46 CFR 195.01-3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Register, Washington, DC 20408, and at the U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Design and Engineering Standards... sections affected is: American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 100 Barr Harbor Drive,...

  18. 33 CFR 159.4 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... must be available to the public. All approved material is available for inspection at the Engineering... the sections affected, are as follows: American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 100...

  19. 46 CFR 170.015 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Engineering Standards (CG-521), 2100 2nd St., SW., Stop 7126, Washington, DC 20593-7126, and is available from the sources listed below. (b) ASTM International (formerly American Society for Testing and...

  20. Report: EPA’s Handling of a Proposed Alternative Method for Measuring Oil and Grease in Wastewater Met Requirements But Controls Need to Be Strengthened

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Report #13-P-0317, July 11, 2013. EPA’s handling of the proposed alternative method for measuring oil and grease in wastewater (ASTM D7575) adhered to applicable laws, regulations, policies, procedures, and guidance.

  1. 21 CFR 178.3740 - Plasticizers in polymeric substances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Universal Viscosity or to Saybolt Furol Viscosity”), and bromine number of 3 or less, as determined by ASTM method D1492-78 (“Standard Test Method for Bromine Index of Aromatic Hydrocarbons by...

  2. 21 CFR 178.3740 - Plasticizers in polymeric substances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Universal Viscosity or to Saybolt Furol Viscosity”), and bromine number of 3 or less, as determined by ASTM method D1492-78 (“Standard Test Method for Bromine Index of Aromatic Hydrocarbons by...

  3. 21 CFR 178.3740 - Plasticizers in polymeric substances.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Universal Viscosity or to Saybolt Furol Viscosity”), and bromine number of 3 or less, as determined by ASTM method D1492-78 (“Standard Test Method for Bromine Index of Aromatic Hydrocarbons by...

  4. 16 CFR 306.5 - Automotive fuel rating.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... the automotive fuel rating of gasoline, add the research octane number and the motor octane number and... octane number, use ASTM standard test method D2699-92, and to determine the motor octane number, use...

  5. 16 CFR 306.5 - Automotive fuel rating.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... the automotive fuel rating of gasoline, add the research octane number and the motor octane number and... octane number, use ASTM standard test method D2699-92, and to determine the motor octane number, use...

  6. 40 CFR 98.294 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... (Reapproved 2005) e1 uses manual titration, suitable autotitrators may also be used for this determination. (2...). Although ASTM E359-00 (Reapproved 2005) e1 uses manual titration, suitable autotitrators may also be...

  7. 40 CFR 98.294 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... (Reapproved 2005) e1 uses manual titration, suitable autotitrators may also be used for this determination. (2...). Although ASTM E359-00 (Reapproved 2005) e1 uses manual titration, suitable autotitrators may also be...

  8. 40 CFR 98.294 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... (Reapproved 2005) e1 uses manual titration, suitable autotitrators may also be used for this determination. (2...). Although ASTM E359-00 (Reapproved 2005) e1 uses manual titration, suitable autotitrators may also be...

  9. 40 CFR 98.294 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... (Reapproved 2005) e1 uses manual titration, suitable autotitrators may also be used for this determination. (2...). Although ASTM E359-00 (Reapproved 2005) e1 uses manual titration, suitable autotitrators may also be...

  10. 40 CFR Appendix A to Subpart Wwww... - Test Method for Determining Vapor Suppressant Effectiveness

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    .... Summary of Method 2.1Differences in specific resin and suppressant additive chemistry affect the... other suppliers. 3 Stop Watch—Local supply. 4 Thermometer—Mercury thermometer—ASTM No. 21C or...

  11. 24 CFR 200.948 - Building product standards and certification program for carpet cushion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... compliance with the following standards from the American Society for Testing and Materials: (i) ASTM D 1667... standards are available from the American Society for Testing Materials, 1916 Race Street, Philadelphia,...

  12. 40 CFR 65.13 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    .../federal_register/code_of_federal_regulations/ibr_locations.html; at the Air and Radiation Docket and...)(3)(ii). (2) ASTM D2382-76, Standard Test Method for Heat of Combustion of Hydrocarbon Fuels by...

  13. 40 CFR 65.13 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    .../federal_register/code_of_federal_regulations/ibr_locations.html; at the Air and Radiation Docket and...)(3)(ii). (2) ASTM D2382-76, Standard Test Method for Heat of Combustion of Hydrocarbon Fuels by...

  14. 76 FR 72164 - Circular Welded Carbon-Quality Steel Pipe From India, the Sultanate of Oman, the United Arab...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-22

    ... percent of vanadium; (xiv) 0.15 percent of zirconium. Subject pipe is ordinarily made to ASTM... zirconium. At the time of the filing of the petition for this case, there was an existing antidumping...

  15. Classification of energy-conserving engine oil for passenger cars, vans, sport utility vehicles, and light-duty trucks (revised May 97). (SAE standard)

    SciTech Connect

    1997-05-01

    This SAE Standard was developed cooperatively by SAE, ASTM, and API to define and identify energy conserving engine oils for passenger cars, vans, and light-duty (3856 kg (8500 lb) GVW or less) trucks.

  16. Refining methods for conducting long-term sediment and water toxicity tests with Chironomus dilutus: Formation of a midge chronic testing work group

    EPA Science Inventory

    Standard methods have been established by USEPA, ASTM International, Environment Canada and Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development for conducting sediment toxicity tests with various species of midges including Chironomus dilutus. Short-term 10-day exposures are ty...

  17. 21 CFR 177.1960 - Vinyl chloride-hexene-1 copolymers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... accepted applicability. (ii) Inherent viscosity in cyclohexanone at 30 °C is not less than 0.59 deciliters per gram as determined by ASTM method D1243-79, “Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity...

  18. 21 CFR 177.2440 - Polyethersulfone resins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... reduced viscosity in dimethyl formamide in accordance with ASTM method D2857-70 (Reapproved 1977), “Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers,” which is incorporated by reference....

  19. 21 CFR 177.2440 - Polyethersulfone resins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... viscosity in dimethyl formamide in accordance with ASTM method D2857-70 (Reapproved 1977), “Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers,” which is incorporated by reference. Copies may...

  20. 40 CFR 94.5 - Reference materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... July 1, 2009), Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity), IBR approved for § 94.108. (6) ASTM D613-01, Standard Test Method...

  1. 21 CFR 177.1960 - Vinyl chloride-hexene-1 copolymers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... accepted applicability. (ii) Inherent viscosity in cyclohexanone at 30 °C is not less than 0.59 deciliters per gram as determined by ASTM method D1243-79, “Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity...

  2. 21 CFR 177.1960 - Vinyl chloride-hexene-1 copolymers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... accepted applicability. (ii) Inherent viscosity in cyclohexanone at 30 °C is not less than 0.59 deciliters per gram as determined by ASTM method D1243-79, “Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity...

  3. 21 CFR 177.2440 - Polyethersulfone resins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... reduced viscosity in dimethyl formamide in accordance with ASTM method D2857-70 (Reapproved 1977), “Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers,” which is incorporated by reference....

  4. 21 CFR 177.1560 - Polyarylsulfone resins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... reduced viscosity of 0.40 deciliter per gram in 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone in accordance with ASTM method D2857-70 (Reapproved 1977), “Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers,” which...

  5. 40 CFR 89.6 - Reference materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... July 1, 2009), Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (the Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity), IBR approved for appendix A to subpart D. (6) ASTM D613-95, Standard...

  6. 21 CFR 177.2440 - Polyethersulfone resins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... reduced viscosity in dimethyl formamide in accordance with ASTM method D2857-70 (Reapproved 1977), “Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers,” which is incorporated by reference....

  7. 21 CFR 177.1960 - Vinyl chloride-hexene-1 copolymers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... accepted applicability. (ii) Inherent viscosity in cyclohexanone at 30 °C is not less than 0.59 deciliters per gram as determined by ASTM method D1243-79, “Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity...

  8. 40 CFR 94.5 - Reference materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... July 1, 2009), Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity), IBR approved for § 94.108. (6) ASTM D613-01, Standard Test Method...

  9. 21 CFR 177.2440 - Polyethersulfone resins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... reduced viscosity in dimethyl formamide in accordance with ASTM method D2857-70 (Reapproved 1977), “Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity of Polymers,” which is incorporated by reference....

  10. 40 CFR 89.6 - Reference materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... July 1, 2009), Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (the Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity), IBR approved for appendix A to subpart D. (6) ASTM D613-95, Standard...

  11. 40 CFR 94.5 - Reference materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... July 1, 2009), Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity), IBR approved for § 94.108. (6) ASTM D613-01, Standard Test Method...

  12. Reformulated diesel fuel

    DOEpatents

    McAdams, Hiramie T [Carrollton, IL; Crawford, Robert W [Tucson, AZ; Hadder, Gerald R [Oak Ridge, TN; McNutt, Barry D [Arlington, VA

    2006-03-28

    Reformulated diesel fuels for automotive diesel engines which meet the requirements of ASTM 975-02 and provide significantly reduced emissions of nitrogen oxides (NO.sub.x) and particulate matter (PM) relative to commercially available diesel fuels.

  13. 46 CFR 35.01-3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Materials 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959 ASTM F 1014-92Standard Specification for..., Standard Test Methods for Flash-Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester-35.25-10 International...

  14. 46 CFR 35.01-3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Materials 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959 ASTM F 1014-92Standard Specification for..., Standard Test Methods for Flash-Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester-35.25-10 International...

  15. 46 CFR 35.01-3 - Incorporation by reference.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Materials 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959 ASTM F 1014-92Standard Specification for..., Standard Test Methods for Flash-Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester-35.25-10 International...

  16. 40 CFR 98.114 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Equation K-1 of this subpart by summing the monthly mass for the material determined for each month of the... agents and carbon electrodes. (iii) ASTM C25-06, Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of...

  17. 40 CFR 98.114 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Equation K-1 of this subpart by summing the monthly mass for the material determined for each month of the... agents and carbon electrodes. (iii) ASTM C25-06, Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of...

  18. 40 CFR 63.9307 - What are my continuous emissions monitoring system installation, operation, and maintenance...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... natural gas, you may use ASTM D 6522-00, Standard Test Method for Determination of Nitrogen Oxides, Carbon... minimum of one cycle of operation (sampling, analyzing, and data recording) for each successive...

  19. 40 CFR 63.9307 - What are my continuous emissions monitoring system installation, operation, and maintenance...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... natural gas, you may use ASTM D 6522-00, Standard Test Method for Determination of Nitrogen Oxides, Carbon... minimum of one cycle of operation (sampling, analyzing, and data recording) for each successive...

  20. 40 CFR 63.9307 - What are my continuous emissions monitoring system installation, operation, and maintenance...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... natural gas, you may use ASTM D 6522-00, Standard Test Method for Determination of Nitrogen Oxides, Carbon... minimum of one cycle of operation (sampling, analyzing, and data recording) for each successive...