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Sample records for 72-year-old woman presented

  1. Coexistence of placental site nodule and cervical squamous carcinoma in a 72-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Luna, Darling Valverde; Dulcey, Isabel; Nogales, Francisco F

    2013-05-01

    We report a unique case of the coexistence of cervical cancer and placental site nodule (PSN) in a 72-year-old multiparous woman presenting with vaginal bleeding. She had undergone tubal sterilization 30 years before. On admission, she had profuse vaginal bleeding, and a bulky cervical mass was seen on vaginal examination. Histology revealed the coexistence of a moderately differentiated invasive squamous cell carcinoma with a PSN in its stroma. Its immunohistochemistry revealed characteristic phenotypes for both lesions--the squamous carcinoma was strongly positive for p16. The intermediate trophoblasts of the PSN showed a diffuse positivity for CAM 5.2, human placental lactogen, CD10, and α-inhibin and, focally, for human chorionic gonadotropin. This is the first report on the coexistence of these 2 lesions in an elderly postmenopausal patient and demonstrates that PSN can be found after the menopause as an unexpected lesion in this age group, mimicking various cervical malignancies.

  2. Campylobacter fetus infection presenting with bacteremia and cellulitis in a 72-year-old man with an implanted pacemaker: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Introduction Campylobacter is an important causative agent of intestinal infections in humans. Bacteremia is detected in less than 1% of patients, mainly in immunocompromised patients and in extreme age groups. Cellulitis is a relatively common manifestation of Campylobacter infection, but concomitant bacteremia is a rare event. Infections of the pacemaker area are caused primarily by staphylococci, followed by fungi, streptococci and Gram-negative rods. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of pacemaker pocket infection and bacteremia caused by Campylobacter fetus. Case presentation A 72-year-old Croatian Caucasian man with myelodysplasia, impaired fasting glucose levels and a recently implanted permanent pacemaker was admitted to hospital after six days of fever, development of red swelling of the pacemaker pocket area and worsening of his general condition. No antibiotic therapy was introduced in the outpatient setting. He denied any recent gastrointestinal disturbances. With the exception of an elevated leukocyte count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and C-reactive protein and blood glucose levels, other laboratory findings were normal. Treatment with vancomycin plus netilmicin was introduced, and a surgical incision with drainage of the pacemaker pocket was performed. The entire pacemaker system was removed and a new one re-implanted after 14 days of antibiotic therapy. Transesophageal echocardiography showed no pathological findings. Three subsequent blood cultures obtained on admission as well as swab culture of the incised pacemaker area revealed Campylobacter fetus; stool and pacemaker lead cultures were negative. According to the microbiological results, antibiotic therapy was changed to ciprofloxacin plus netilmicin. A clinical examination and the results of a laboratory analysis performed after two weeks of therapy were within normal limits. Conclusion Myelodysplasia, impaired fasting glucose levels and older age could be

  3. 72 year-old man with new seizure while dancing.

    PubMed

    Gutiérrez Morales, Julio César; Gutiérrez Morales, Sandra Eugenia; Astudillo González, Aurora

    2009-04-01

    Metastasis of an extracranial malignant neoplasm to a meningioma is a rare event.We report a case of a 72-year-old man who presented abruptly with a grand mal seizure. Neuroradiological examination revealed an extraaxial lesion located in the posterior right frontal convexity with poorly defined boundaries. Histological and immunohistochemical examination showed that the lesion was a meningothelial meningioma harboring metastatic renal cell carcinoma.The MRI could be indicative but not specific of this type of lesion.Some cases of intracranial meningiomas containing metastatic carcinomas have been published, but to our knowledge only five cases of renal cell carcinoma metastasizing to a meningioma have been reported. Possible explanations for this type of "tumor in tumor" lesion are reviewed.

  4. Carnitine palmitoyl transferase deficiency with an atypical presentation and ultrastructural mitochondrial abnormalities.

    PubMed Central

    Carey, M P; Poulton, K; Hawkins, C; Murphy, R P

    1987-01-01

    A case of carnitine palmitoyl transferase deficiency presenting in a 72 year old woman with the clinical picture of ophthalmoplegia plus other muscle weakness is reported. Histological and ultrastructural examination showed the features of a mitochondrial myopathy. Images PMID:3655814

  5. HEPATIC VISCERAL LARVA MIGRANS DUE TO TOXOCARA CANIS IN A 72-YEAR-OLD MAN.

    PubMed

    Ko, Ki Dong; Lee, Jae Joon; Kim, Kyoung Kon; Suh, Heuy Sun; Hwang, In Cheol; Choi, Seung Joon

    2015-03-01

    Hepatic toxocariasis is visceral larva migrans caused by Toxocara. We report a case of hepatic toxocariasis detected incidentally during a health checkup. The patient had elevated levels of eosinophils, total IgE, and anti-Toxocara IgG antibodies. On contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) imaging he had a single, 2.16 cm, oval, ill-defined, low-attenuation hepatic nodule which was best appreciated during the portal venous phase of the scan. Clinicians should consider hepatic toxocariasis as a possible diagnosis in any individual who presents with eosinophilia of unknown etiology and an ill-defined hepatic lesion on CT imaging.

  6. Vaginal Calculus in a Woman With Mixed Urinary Incontinence and Vaginal Mesh Exposure.

    PubMed

    Winkelman, William D; Rabban, Joseph T; Korn, Abner P

    2016-01-01

    Vaginal calculi are extremely rare and are most commonly encountered in the setting of an urethrovaginal or vesicovaginal fistula. We present a case of a 72-year-old woman with mixed urinary incontinence and vaginal mesh exposure incidentally found to have a large vaginal calculus. We removed the calculus surgically and analyzed the components. Results demonstrated the presence of ammonium-magnesium phosphate hexahydrate and carbonate apatite.

  7. A woman with GN presenting during pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Hou, Susan

    2013-06-01

    The combination of kidney disease and pregnancy has long been recognized as a high-risk situation. When renal disease is recognized for the first time during pregnancy, it presents unique problems for both the obstetric and the renal teams. Particularly difficult can be distinguishing preeclampsia from preexisting kidney disease in women presenting for the first time with hypertension, proteinuria, and reduced GFR during pregnancy. Decision-making regarding performing a kidney biopsy and treatment of glomerular disease during pregnancy is often much more complicated by safety concerns for both the mother and the developing fetus.

  8. Torsion of wandering spleen in a woman presenting as emergency.

    PubMed

    Bhanumathi, V; Balkishan, B; Masood, S V

    2013-02-01

    Wandering spleen is a very rare condition, it is characterized by the absence or weakness of one or more of the ligaments that hold the spleen in its normal position in the left hypochondrium. The disorder is not genetic in origin. Instead of ligaments, the spleen is attached by a stalk-like tissue supplied with blood vessels (vascular pedicle). If the pedicle is twisted in the course of the movement of the spleen, the blood supply may be interrupted or blocked (ischemia) to the point of severe damage to the blood vessels (infarction). Because there is little or nothing to hold it in place the spleen "wanders" in the lower abdomen or pelvis where it may be mistaken for an unidentified abdominal mass. "Acquired" wandering spleen may occur during adulthood due to injuries or other underlying conditions that may weaken the ligaments that hold the spleen in its normal position (e.g., connective tissue disease or pregnancy). We here report a case of 40-year-old woman presented to the surgical emergency department, with complaints of colicky abdominal pain of 8 h duration with increasing severity and bilious vomiting. On examination, the patient well built, nourished, conscious, and coherent with profuse sweating. Vital signs were normal excepting high pulse rate of 120/min with blood pressure of 100/60. On examination, she has a central abdominal distention shifting to different quadrants with colicky pain with vague tender firm mass. Abdominal ultrasonography showed ectopic spleen around the umbilicus with variable echos and whorled appearance of the splenic vessels. The patient was prepared for emergency laparotomy. At laparotomy, the spleen was found just below the umbilicus and it was dusky enlarged with infarction with four anticlockwise twists of the long splenic pedicle in the central quadrant of the abdomen. Splenectomy was carried out as there was clear evidence of splenic ischemia after detorsion of the spleen.

  9. The Image of the Woman Journalist in American Popular Fiction 1890 to the Present.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Born, Donna

    Twenty-two short stories and seven novels, each with a woman journalist as a major character, were used in an analysis of the image of the woman journalist in four time periods (1890-1920, 1920-1940, 1940-1945, and 1945 to the present). The themes of the stories changed over time, often reflecting the prevailing cultural attitudes about working…

  10. Haemorrhagic Presentation of a Craniopharyngioma in a Pregnant Woman

    PubMed Central

    Cattalani, Andrea; Turpini, Elena; Custodi, Viola Marta; Pagella, Fabio; Carena, Paolo; Lovati, Elisabetta; Lucotti, Pietro; Gaetani, Paolo

    2014-01-01

    Objective. Craniopharyngioma is a rare tumour, and, consequently, acute clinical presentation and diagnosis, during pregnancy, of this pathology are quite difficult to find. Only few cases are reported in the literature, and no one describes these two conditions in association. Methods. We report a particular case of craniopharyngioma presenting both of the above conditions. Results. The patient was successfully operated with endoscopic technique. Conclusions. Rare and difficult cases, created by the superposition of different clinical conditions, need multidisciplinary management, with collaboration, integration, and cooperation between different medical specialists. PMID:25161785

  11. [Giant fibrolipoma of the floor of the mouth. Presentation of a clinical case].

    PubMed

    Oliveros-Chaparro, C; Bogarin-Rodríguez, J; Sánchez-Méndez, M

    2001-06-01

    The fibrolipoma is a benign tumor variant of the lipoma, characterized by the presence of adipose and fibrous tissues. The authors report a case of a big oral fibrolipoma in a 72 year old woman. After surgery, a mass of 13 x 8 x 6 cm was obtained. The tumor had an implantation pedicle of 1 cm, on the floor of the mouth. The microscopic evaluation showed the presence of polygonal cells grouped into nests and separated by fibrous connective tissue septa. We have not found any report in the literature related to a fibrolipoma located on the floor of the mouth with the characteristics presented in this work.

  12. Unusual Presentation of Hypothyroidism in a Pregnant Woman, Mimicking Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasm

    PubMed Central

    Aminimoghaddam, Soheila; Mazloomi, Maryam; Rahimi, Maryam

    2016-01-01

    Hypothyroidism is a common health issue worldwide with varying clinical manifestations. We report a woman who experienced an incomplete abortion and undiagnosed hypothyroidism who was referred to the oncologist with the suspicion of metastatic gestational trophoblastic neoplasm (GTN). A 29-year-old woman with incomplete abortion was referred to an oncologist for possible GTN due to persistent active vaginal bleeding, an elevated beta human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), abnormal cervical inspection exam, abnormal liver function tests, ovarian enlargement, ascites, and a pleural effusion. She was found to have hypothyroidism in further work-up. She was managed with thyroid hormone replacement therapy and her condition improved after 6 weeks. Complete resolution of the ovarian mass and pericardial and pleural effusion was achieved. This case describes an important experience; hypothyroidism should be considered in the differential diagnosis of any woman with an incomplete abortion presenting with an ovarian mass. Evaluation and correct diagnosis are important to prevent mismanagement. PMID:27034864

  13. Laryngeal Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis Presenting with Neck Mass in an Adult Woman

    PubMed Central

    Jahandideh, Hesam; Nasoori, Yasser; Rostami, Sara; Safdarian, Mahdi

    2016-01-01

    Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a very rare condition that commonly affects the head and neck region. There are very few cases of isolated laryngeal involvement by LCH, mostly reported in pediatric patients. Here, we report a case of laryngeal LCH in a 62-year-old woman presenting with a neck mass several weeks ago. The clinical and histopathological findings are reported with a brief discussion about the disease. PMID:27127670

  14. Fatigue and hyponatremia in a 75-year-old woman: unusual presentation of hypophysitis.

    PubMed

    Klein, J; Kern, W; Fehm, H L

    2001-01-01

    A 75-year-old woman presented with general fatigue progressing to somnolence. Laboratory tests showed marked hyponatremia. TSH in the normal range, but low levels of free T3 and free T4. Evaluation of pituitary hormones and magnetic resonance imaging of the pituitary unmasked findings characteristic for hypophysitis with secondary adrenal insufficiency and secondary hypothyroidism. Hormonal substitution with hydrocortisone and levothyroxine resulted in rapid improvement of all symptoms and signs. Without additional treatment shrinkage of the pituitary gland could be documented. Our report extends the known clinical and pathological spectrum of hypophysitis and illustrates the need to include this uncommon entity in the differential diagnosis of hyponatremia even in elderly patients.

  15. Sciatica as a presenting feature of thyroid follicular adenocarcinoma in a 79-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Ogbodo, Elisha; Kaliaperumal, Chandrasekaran; Keohane, Catherine; Bermingham, Niamh; Kaar, George

    2011-12-01

    The authors describe an unusual case of metastatic thyroid follicular adenocarcinoma presenting with sciatica in a 79-year-old woman. The primary thyroid tumour was undiagnosed until this clinical presentation. The patient gave a short history of back pain and right-sided sciatica, which was progressive and nocturnal in nature. Neuroimaging revealed an enhancing intradural mass lesion, which was completely excised through a right L1-L3 hemilaminectomy. Histopathological examination of the excised tissue revealed a follicular thyroid carcinoma. Subsequent metastatic investigation revealed a heterogeneously attenuating mixed solid cystic mass in a retrosternal thyroid gland, with multiple solid pulmonary nodules suggestive of metastatic disease. She opted for palliative radiotherapy for the primary thyroid cancer and made remarkable postoperative improvement. The authors conclude that surgical treatment of solitary metastatic lesion may produce good symptomatic relief irrespective of patient's age and primary pathology, while emphasising the need for detailed clinical evaluation of patients with 'red flag' symptoms.

  16. Chronic Granulomatous Disease Presenting as Aspergillus Fumigatus Pneumonia in a Previously Healthy Young Woman.

    PubMed

    Williams, David; Kadaria, Dipen; Sodhi, Amik; Fox, Roy; Williams, Glenn; Threlkeld, Stephen

    2017-04-05

    BACKGROUND Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD) is a rare immunodeficiency disease caused by a genetic defect in the NADPH (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate) oxidase enzyme, resulting in increased susceptibility to bacterial and fungal infections. The inheritance can be X-linked or autosomal recessive. Patients usually present with repeated infections early in life. We present an unusual case of a 23-year-old patient diagnosed with CGD. CASE REPORT A 23-year-old white woman with no previous history of recurrent infections presented with complaints of fever, shortness of breath, and diffuse myalgia. She had been treated twice for similar complaints recently, but without resolution. She was febrile, tachypneic, tachycardic, and hypoxic at presentation. Physical examination revealed diffuse inspiratory rales. Laboratory results showed leukocytosis. Her initial chest X-ray and CT chest showed reticular nodular interstitial lung disease pattern. Despite being on broad-spectrum antibiotics for 5 days, she continued to require supplemental oxygen and continued to be tachypneic, with minimal activity. Initial diagnostic tests, including bronchoscopy with biopsy and lavage, did not reveal a diagnosis. She then underwent a video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lung biopsy. The biopsy slides showed suppurative granulomatous inflammation affecting greater than 50% of the parenchymal lung surface. Fungal hyphae consistent with Aspergillus were present in those granulomas. A diagnosis of CGD was made and she was started on Voriconazole. She improved with treatment. Her neutrophil burst test showed negative burst on stimulation, indicating phagocytic dysfunction consistent with CGD. Autosomal recessive CGD was confirmed by genetic testing. CONCLUSIONS CGD can present in adulthood without any previous symptoms and signs. Clinicians should consider this disease in patients presenting with recurrent or non-resolving infections. Timely treatment and prophylaxis has

  17. Chronic Granulomatous Disease Presenting as Aspergillus Fumigatus Pneumonia in a Previously Healthy Young Woman

    PubMed Central

    Williams, David; Kadaria, Dipen; Sodhi, Amik; Fox, Roy; Williams, Glenn; Threlkeld, Stephen

    2017-01-01

    Patient: Female, 23 Final Diagnosis: Chronic granulomatous disease Symptoms: Fever • shortness of breath Medication: — Clinical Procedure: Bronchoscopy Specialty: Pulmonology Objective: Unusual clinical course Background: Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD) is a rare immunodeficiency disease caused by a genetic defect in the NADPH (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate) oxidase enzyme, resulting in increased susceptibility to bacterial and fungal infections. The inheritance can be X-linked or autosomal recessive. Patients usually present with repeated infections early in life. We present an unusual case of a 23-year-old patient diagnosed with CGD. Case Report: A 23-year-old white woman with no previous history of recurrent infections presented with complaints of fever, shortness of breath, and diffuse myalgia. She had been treated twice for similar complaints recently, but without resolution. She was febrile, tachypneic, tachycardic, and hypoxic at presentation. Physical examination revealed diffuse inspiratory rales. Laboratory results showed leukocytosis. Her initial chest X-ray and CT chest showed reticular nodular interstitial lung disease pattern. Despite being on broad-spectrum antibiotics for 5 days, she continued to require supplemental oxygen and continued to be tachypneic, with minimal activity. Initial diagnostic tests, including bronchoscopy with biopsy and lavage, did not reveal a diagnosis. She then underwent a video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lung biopsy. The biopsy slides showed suppurative granulomatous inflammation affecting greater than 50% of the parenchymal lung surface. Fungal hyphae consistent with Aspergillus were present in those granulomas. A diagnosis of CGD was made and she was started on Voriconazole. She improved with treatment. Her neutrophil burst test showed negative burst on stimulation, indicating phagocytic dysfunction consistent with CGD. Autosomal recessive CGD was confirmed by genetic testing. Conclusions

  18. Sciatica as a presenting feature of thyroid follicular adenocarcinoma in a 79-year-old woman

    PubMed Central

    Ogbodo, Elisha; Kaliaperumal, Chandrasekaran; Keohane, Catherine; Bermingham, Niamh; Kaar, George

    2011-01-01

    The authors describe an unusual case of metastatic thyroid follicular adenocarcinoma presenting with sciatica in a 79-year-old woman. The primary thyroid tumour was undiagnosed until this clinical presentation. The patient gave a short history of back pain and right-sided sciatica, which was progressive and nocturnal in nature. Neuroimaging revealed an enhancing intradural mass lesion, which was completely excised through a right L1-L3 hemilaminectomy. Histopathological examination of the excised tissue revealed a follicular thyroid carcinoma. Subsequent metastatic investigation revealed a heterogeneously attenuating mixed solid cystic mass in a retrosternal thyroid gland, with multiple solid pulmonary nodules suggestive of metastatic disease. She opted for palliative radiotherapy for the primary thyroid cancer and made remarkable postoperative improvement. The authors conclude that surgical treatment of solitary metastatic lesion may produce good symptomatic relief irrespective of patient’s age and primary pathology, while emphasising the need for detailed clinical evaluation of patients with ‘red flag’ symptoms. PMID:22674960

  19. Renal infarction versus pyelonephritis in a woman presenting with fever and flank pain.

    PubMed

    Piccoli, Giorgina B; Priola, Adriano M; Vigotti, Federica N; Guzzo, Gabriella; Veltri, Andrea

    2014-08-01

    Patients with fever, flank pain, and dysuria frequently are encountered in the emergency department. Acute pyelonephritis is the most likely diagnosis; however, its clinical and radiologic presentation consistently overlap with that of acute renal infarction. Ultrasound is unable to distinguish early infarction from nonabscessed acute pyelonephritis. Hence, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging are needed. We report the case of a 68-year-old woman who presented with fever, flank pain, and dysuria, along with respiratory distress and tachycardia. Elevated values for inflammatory indexes suggested a diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis, and subsequent contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed hypodense wedge-shaped areas in both kidneys. However, the presence of a thin rim of capsular enhancement (cortical rim sign), the absence of perirenal inflammatory changes, and the location of the lesions apart from defined calyces suggested the alternative diagnosis of renal infarction. The underlying cause was not identified until an episode of acute dyspnea revealed paroxysmal arrhythmia. Our case demonstrates that a thorough knowledge of the imaging findings of renal infarction and acute pyelonephritis is essential to correctly making the diagnosis.

  20. Renal Cell Carcinoma Presenting as Radiating Rib Pain: A 65-Year-Old Woman

    PubMed Central

    Cofano, Gregory; Meyers, Meredith; Sergent, Adam; LaCourt, Shawn

    2016-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this case report is to describe chiropractic management and referral of a patient with rib pain who was subsequently diagnosed with renal cell carcinoma. Clinical Features A 65-year-old woman presented with radiating rib pain to a chiropractic clinic. She was treated with a 2-week course of conservative care. On follow-up evaluation, she reported a deep ache over her lower ribs, wrapping around to her abdomen. Palpation under the anterior rib cage reproduced her pain, and she also had a positive Murphy Sign. She was referred for an abdominal ultrasonography. Intervention and Outcome Ultrasonography showed a 12-cm solid vascular mass of the right kidney. Further imaging studies using computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the ultrasonography findings. She was referred to a cancer center for staging of the cancer and subsequent surgical treatment. The involved tissue, as well as the kidney and part of the inferior vena cava, was removed, and the pathology report determined that the mass was clear cell carcinoma. Conclusion This case describes an unusual presentation of a patient with rib pain that had previously undiagnosed renal cancer. Referral by her doctor of chiropractic resulted in detection of the tumor and treatment. PMID:27069436

  1. An internal carotid artery aneurysm presenting with dysarthria.

    PubMed

    Davey, P T; Rychlik, I; O'Donnell, M; Baker, R; Rennie, I

    2013-10-01

    A 72-year-old woman presented to her general practitioner with a 4-week history of right neck swelling. Clinical examination elicited a pulsatile mass consistent with a carotid artery aneurysm. Five days later the patient noticed her tongue movements had become awkward with associated dysarthria. Computed tomography confirmed a 4cm internal carotid artery aneurysm arising just distally to the carotid bifurcation. She proceeded to transfemoral diagnostic carotid angiography. Balloon occlusion of the right internal carotid artery origin was performed for a ten-minute period without any neurological deficit. The decision was taken to proceed to surgical ligation of the origin of the internal carotid artery. Her symptoms of dysarthria have resolved.

  2. Primary intrasellar germinoma in a woman presenting with secondary amenorrhea and hyperprolactinemia.

    PubMed

    Shen, D Y; Guay, A T; Silverman, M L; Hybels, R L; Freidberg, S R

    1984-09-01

    A 32-year-old woman with secondary amenorrhea was found to have an elevated level of serum prolactin, partial diabetes insipidus, and a subtle visual field defect. A primary intrasellar tumor was noted on the computed tomographic scan. Although the tumor had some characteristics of a prolactinoma, transsphenoidal exploration revealed a primary germinoma. The tissue diagnosis led to appropriate treatment with radiotherapy. The tumor regressed, and the patient had a spontaneous pregnancy. Had dopamine agonists been used initially, amelioration of the hyperprolactinemia and delay in the proper diagnosis and treatment would have occurred.

  3. Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis in a 31-year-old woman presenting as biventricular heart failure with restrictive features.

    PubMed

    Fealey, Michael E; Edwards, William D; Grogan, Martha; Orszulak, Thomas A

    2009-01-01

    A 31-year-old woman presented with dyspnea and left-sided chest discomfort and was found to have biventricular heart failure with impaired ventricular filling. Clinically, she was thought to have restrictive cardiomyopathy or constrictive pericarditis. Transmission electron microscopy of myocardial tissue unexpectedly revealed crosshatched, curvilinear, and fingerprint depositions, which were characteristic for neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis. Cardiac involvement by this inherited disorder is discussed in light of the findings in this patient and in 15 other reported cases.

  4. Nonaneurysmal abdominal aortitis in an 82-year-old woman presenting with pyrexia and back pain: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    Introduction Infective aortitis has become uncommon since the advent of antibiotic therapy. Aortitis, presenting as a localised perforation in a non-aneurysmal aorta, is extremely rare. We report the case of an 82-year-old woman who was diagnosed with localised perforation of a non-aneurysmal abdominal aorta secondary to staphylococcus aortitis. Case presentation An 82-year-old woman presented with a history of a sudden onset of back pain and pyrexia. A clinical examination did not reveal any significant findings attributable to her sepsis. As her clinical condition deteriorated rapidly, adequate resuscitation was commenced. Appropriate serology and radiological investigations, including a computed tomography scan, were performed. The computed tomography scan revealed a diagnosis of a non-aneurysmal infective abdominal aortitis with evidence of localised perforation. This was successfully treated under local anaesthetic with endovascular aortic repair and appropriate antibiotics. She recovered fully and was completely asymptomatic a year later. Conclusion A detailed assessment is essential in the diagnosis of this condition as it can frequently be missed on initial evaluation of the affected patient. Clinical features are often nonspecific and can include fever, leucocytosis and bacteremia in the absence of a pulsatile or expansile mass. The patient may also complain of back pain, as in this case report. Thorough assessment, timely investigation and endovascular intervention prevented a potentially fatal condition in our patient. PMID:19918282

  5. Burning Tongue as Initial Presentation of Celiac Disease in an Elderly Woman: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Sherman, Andrea; Zamulko, Alla

    2016-06-01

    There are few reports in the literature where celiac disease presents with tongue manifestations, although atypical presentations of celiac disease are not uncommon. This case report highlights an atypical presentation of celiac disease in an elderly female. Our patient presented to clinic with complaints of a burning tongue for the past two years as well as occasional loose stools and fatigue. Work-up revealed iron deficiency anemia, zinc deficiency and an abnormal celiac panel. Complete symptom improvement was noted by 10 weeks into the initiation of a gluten free diet. Celiac disease can present at any age and should be considered as a differential in findings of malabsorption and gastrointestinal symptoms.

  6. Multiple Venous Thromboses Presenting as Mechanical Low Back Pain in an 18-Year-Old Woman

    PubMed Central

    Marchand, Andrée-Anne; Boucher, Jean-Alexandre; O’Shaughnessy, Julie

    2015-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this case report is to describe a patient who presented with acute musculoskeletal symptoms but was later diagnosed with multiple deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Clinical Features An 18-year-old female presented to a chiropractic clinic with left lumbosacral pain with referral into the posterior left thigh. A provisional diagnosis was made of acute myofascial syndrome of the left piriformis and gluteus medius muscles. The patient received 3 chiropractic treatments over 1 week resulting in 80% improvement in pain intensity. Two days later, a sudden onset of severe abdominal pain caused the patient to seek urgent medical attention. A diagnostic ultrasound of the abdomen and pelvis were performed and interpreted as normal. Following this, the patient reported increased pain in her left leg. Evaluation revealed edema of the left calf and decreased left lower limb sensation. A venous Doppler ultrasound was ordered. Intervention and Outcomes Doppler ultrasound revealed reduction of the venous flow in the femoral vein area. An additional ultrasonography evaluation revealed an extensive DVTs affecting the left femoral vein and iliac axis extending towards the vena cava. Upon follow-up with a hematologist, the potential diagnosis of May-Thurner syndrome was considered based on the absence of blood dyscrasias and sustained anatomical changes found in the left common iliac vein at its junction with the right common iliac artery. A week following discharge, she presented with chest pain and was diagnosed with venous thromboembolism. The patient was successfully treated with anticoagulation therapy and insertion of a vena cava filter. Conclusion Although DVTs are common in the general population, presence in low-risk individuals may be overlooked. In the presence of subtle initial clinical signs such as those described in this case report, clinicians should keep a high index of suspicion for a DVT. Rapid identification of such clinical signs in association

  7. A 35-year-old pregnant woman presenting with sudden cardiac arrest secondary to peripartum cardiomyopathy.

    PubMed

    Nelson, Matthew; Moorhead, Amy; Yost, Dana; Whorton, Adrian

    2012-01-01

    We present a case of successful resuscitation from cardiac arrest after 25 minutes of ventricular fibrillation (VF) secondary to peripartum cardiomyopathy. This case highlights a rare disease, but also, more importantly, the successful use of the five links of survival: early access to 9-1-1, early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), early defibrillation, early advanced life support, and postresuscitative care. We also demonstrate the importance of high-quality resuscitation practices in order to achieve a successful outcome. Manual compressions can be performed at a guidelines-compliant rate. With training, users are able to achieve high compression fractions. Pre/post shock delays can be minimized to further increase compression fraction. Nationally, CPR interruptions are often long. We recommend closer attention to uninterrupted 2-minute cycles of CPR, minimizing delays in CPR through training, and a focus on a closely choreographed approach. User review of transthoracic impedance feedback data should play a vital role in a cardiac arrest quality-improvement program.

  8. Giant invasive mole presenting as a cause of abdominopelvic mass in a perimenopausal woman: An unusual presentation of a rare pathology

    PubMed Central

    Şimşek, Memet; Üçer, Özlem

    2016-01-01

    Invasive mole is a benign gestational trophoblastic disease that arises from the myometrial invasion of any gestational event via direct extension through tissue or vascular structures. Invasive mole (and other gestational trophoblastic diseases) may present with life-threatening complications including uterine perforation, excessive bleeding, acute hemoperitoneum, and abdominal pain. We report a case of invasive mole presenting as abdominal distention in a 51-year-old perimenopausal woman (gravida 12, para 12, abortion 0). The patient was admitted to the gynecology clinic with a giant uterine mass filling the pelvic and abdominal cavity. To our knowledge, this is the first case in the literature of a gestational trophoblastic neoplasia presenting with uterine mass of 28 weeks' gestational size in this age group. Interestingly, complications such as uterine rupture or invasion of the adjacent structures (such as parametrial tissues or blood vessels) had not developed in our patient despite the considerable enlargement of the uterus. PMID:27896261

  9. Pheochromocytoma presenting with arterial and intracardiac thrombus in a 47-year-old woman: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Introduction Pheochromocytoma is a rare cause of hypertension but it could have severe consequences if not recognized and treated appropriately. The association of pheochromocytoma and thrombosis is even rarer but significantly increases management complexity, morbidity and mortality. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a patient with pheochromocytoma presenting with left axillary arterial and intracardiac thrombus. Case presentation A 47-year-old Caucasian woman with a past medical history of hypertension presented for medical attention with left arm numbness. Doppler ultrasound showed an obstructing thrombus in her left axillary artery. She had symptom resolution after stent placement in her left axillary artery. A subsequent echocardiogram demonstrated a large intracardiac mass and abdominal computed tomography revealed a 7 cm mass between her spleen and left kidney. Labile blood pressure was noted during admission and she had very high levels of plasma and 24-hour urine catecholamines and metanephrines tests. A (123)I- metaiodobenzylguanidine scan showed intense uptake in the left abdominal mass. After adequate alpha blockage with phenoxybenzamine, laparoscopic tumor resection was performed without complications. She had normal metanephrines and complete symptom resolution afterwards. The intracardiac mass also disappeared with anticoagulation. All other endocrine laboratory abnormalities returned to normal after surgery. Conclusion Arterial and ventricular thrombosis occurring in patients with pheochromocytoma is rare. A multi-disciplinary approach is necessary in caring for this type of patient. Catecholamines likely contributed to the development of thrombosis in our patient. Early recognition of pheochromocytoma is the key to improving outcome. PMID:21752274

  10. A Collision of Vice and Virtue in Thomas Hardy's Tess of the D'Urbervilles: "A Pure Woman Faithfully Presented" or a Fallen Angel

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saleh, Nafiseh Salman; Abbasi, Pyeaam

    2014-01-01

    Heralded as a sympathizer with the oppressed nineteenth century femininity, Thomas Hardy adopted an aggressive stance towards the institutionalized codes of the time, particularly the ideal of femininity which results in presenting him as one of the promethean forerunners of "New Woman" fiction. His outspoken attitudes are tangible in…

  11. Gastric cancer in a pregnant woman presenting with low back pain and bilateral erythematous breast hypertrophy mimicking primary inflammatory breast carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Mandato, Vincenzo Dario; Pirillo, Debora; Gelli, Maria Carolina; Cavina, Maurizio; La Sala, Giovanni Battista

    2011-02-01

    This report describes the first case of a pregnant woman presenting low-back pain and breast pain associated with bilateral erythematous breast hypertrophy, proving to be the result of metastatic disease from a gastric carcinoma. A 30-year-old pregnant woman was admitted complaining of persistent severe low back pain, breast pain and concomitant bilateral erythematous breast hypertrophy, mimicking primary inflammatory breast carcinoma. During the caesarean section, widespread disease was found and finally metastatic gastric cancer was detected. Pregnant women with gastric cancer may present symptoms that are considered common during pregnancy. Common symptoms that present warning characteristics, such as the persistent severe pain observed in the presented case, should be carefully investigated as they may be the only warning signs and symptoms of rare ominous conditions such as gastric cancer.

  12. [Obese woman presenting as vocal cord abductor paralysis and floppy arytenoid associated with early signs of multiple system atrophy].

    PubMed

    Sakuta, Hideki; Miyamoto, Masayuki; Suzuki, Keisuke; Miyamoto, Tomoyuki; Nakajima, Itsuo; Nakamura, Toshiki; Hirata, Koichi

    2012-01-01

    In multiple system atrophy (MSA), sleep-related breathing disorders are commonly observed, including vocal cord abductor paralysis (VCAP), which can cause sudden death. In its early stage, VCAP occurs only during sleep, but as the disease progresses, it appears when both awake and asleep. We encountered a 59-year-old obese woman who had been under continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) for approximately one year but later developed acute respiratory failure because of VCAP. VCAP was the predominant finding that led to the diagnosis of MSA in our patient. On laryngoscopic examination, the movement of the patient's larynx was normal during wakefulness, but VCAP, paradoxical movements of the vocal cord and a floppy arytenoid were observed during drug-induced sleep. We suggest that detection of VCAP and laryngopharyngeal abnormalities such as floppy arytenoid in the early stage of MSA is important for determining treatment options.

  13. Minimal deviation adenocarcinoma of endometrium: A rare entity in a 72-year-old female.

    PubMed

    Renu, Thambi; Siji, Mathew; Shilpa, N; Vijayalakhmi, A

    2016-01-01

    Minimal deviation adenocarcinoma (MDA) of endometrium is considered a differentiated state of endometrioid adenocarcinoma. It is a low-grade tumor associated with areas histologically typical of endometrioid adenocarcinoma in the majority of the cases. Due to deceptively benign microscopy, MDA may be overlooked leading to incorrect assessment of tumor extend and staging.

  14. “Embracing the present and fearing the future”: The meaning of being an oldest old woman in a rural area

    PubMed Central

    Ness, Tove M.; Hellzen, Ove; Enmarker, Ingela

    2014-01-01

    In Western countries, the number of older people receiving home nursing care is increasing, and in rural areas they are at additional risk because of the distance between people and health care facilities. The aim of this study was therefore to illuminate the meaning of being an oldest old woman living alone in a rural area and receiving home nursing care. A sample of 11 oldest old women living in rural areas in the middle of Norway was chosen for this study. Narrative interviews were conducted, and the data were analyzed using the phenomenological hermeneutic method. After a naïve reading and a structural analysis of the text, we identified four themes: being satisfied with life, being thankful, feeling vulnerable, and feeling secure. The comprehensive understanding implied that being an oldest old woman living alone in a rural area meant living in the intersection between embracing the present in solitude and fearing the future with additional declining health. Living in this complex situation meant to enjoy the present, but still fear the future, as the oldest old women knew their present life situations were limited. This challenging emotional situation meant using their inner strength by trying to be optimistic and seeing opportunities in present life, even if losses were many and extensive. By using their inner strength in facing losses and declining health, the oldest old women managed to appreciate aloneness as solitude, and find new meaning in life. PMID:25361532

  15. Primitive neuroectodermal tumor presenting with diffuse leptomeningeal involvement in a 55-year-old woman: a case report and brief summary of current diagnostic tests and treatment.

    PubMed

    Kalidindi, Navya; Torres, Carlos H; Michaud, Jean; Zwicker, Jocelyn Christine

    2014-05-01

    Primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) are typically present as masses in children and adolescents, but rarely in adults. Diagnoses, management strategies, and prognostication factors are not well established in adult cases of PNETs. We describe the case of a central nervous system PNET diagnosed in a 55-year-old woman presenting with a sudden onset of symptoms consisting of increased intracranial pressure and findings of diffuse leptomeningeal enhancement and a small medullary lesion seen on MRI. Amongst the small database of PNETs diagnosed in adults, our case report stands out as one of few cases describing a primarily leptomeningeal PNET diagnosed on biopsy. We also review the literature on PNETs presenting with diffuse leptomeningeal disease and the treatment of PNETs in the adult population.

  16. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Depiction of Robert’s Uterus: A Rare Müllerian Duct Anomaly Presenting with Cyclical Pain in Young Menstruating Woman

    PubMed Central

    Mittal, Puneet; Gupta, Ranjana; Mittal, Amit; Taneja, Arpit; Sekhon, Preetparkash Singh; Gupta, Sharad

    2017-01-01

    Summary Background Robert’s uterus is a very rare müllerian duct anomaly which is characterised by septate uterus with obstruction of a one-sided cavity and formation of hematometra. Therefore, patients present with cyclical abdominal pain during menstruation along with normal menstrual flow. Case Report We present magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in a case of Robert’s uterus in a young woman. Conclusions Robert’s uterus is a very rare anomaly which can be very well characterized by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MRI can also show any associated hematometra and endometriomas complicating this condition and aid in the institution of appropriate management in such cases. PMID:28348653

  17. A rare case of medullary carcinoma of the colon presenting as intussusception in an adult with rectal bleeding.

    PubMed

    Jain, Shilpa; Jain, Ankur; Onizuka, Neil; Boukhar, Sarag A

    2014-11-01

    Medullary carcinoma is a recently recognized rare subtype of colorectal cancer resembling both poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and neuroendocrine tumors. Medullary carcinoma most commonly presents in the proximal colon and can be differentiated from other right-sided malignant lesions by histology and immunochemical markers. We present here a rare case of an adult patient with rectal bleeding who was found to have an intussusception due to underlying medullary carcinoma of the splenic flexure. A 72-year-old woman presented to our GI clinic with rectal bleeding. Colonoscopy revealed a necrotic mass of the sigmoid colon, later determined by CT to be a colo-colonic intussusception at the level of the splenic flexure. Patient underwent diagnostic laparoscopy with findings of a large splenic flexure mass, which was resected and found to be medullary carcinoma of the colon. The tumor was poorly differentiated and exhibited microsatellite instability but was discovered at an early stage and thus did not require any adjuvant chemotherapy. Unlike most previously reported cases of medullary carcinoma, our patient presented with a left sided tumor. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a medullary colon cancer presenting with intussusception.

  18. A young woman presenting with psychotic and mood symptoms from anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDA-R) encephalitis: an emerging diagnosis.

    PubMed

    Yuan, Neal; Glezer, Anna

    2013-01-01

    Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDA-R) encephalitis, first characterized in 2005, is a neurological disease with prominent psychiatric features that frequently involves the consultation of psychiatrists. Since its discovery, the rate of diagnosis of new cases has increased rapidly and several epidemiological studies now confirm that NMDA-R encephalitis may be as common as many other prominent infectious etiologies of encephalitis. We describe a case of a young woman presenting initially with psychotic and mood symptoms who was found to have anti-NMDA-R encephalitis. We further provide details of her treatment and prolonged recovery process after hospital discharge with a review of the literature and discussion of the epidemiology, symptomology, diagnosis, and management of both the neurologic and psychiatric manifestations of this condition. Last, we contextualize the importance of anti-NMDA-R encephalitis for psychiatrists, highlighting the role for psychiatrists in establishing the initial diagnosis as well as in providing ongoing psychiatric care.

  19. Juvenile Xanthogranuloma Presenting as Bilateral Non-Infiltrative Extraconal Superior Orbital Tumour in a 27 Year Old Nigerian Woman: Features, Management and Outcome

    PubMed Central

    Chuka, Okosa Michael; Darlinton, Anyiam Daniel Chukwuemeka

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Orbital masses in adults are often caused by systemic diseases or are associated with systemic manifestations. Juvenile xanthogranuloma as a cause is rare and unreported in Africa. We present clinical features, management, and outcomes of bilateral orbital adult onset juvenile xanthogranuloma. Case Presentation: A 27 year old Nigerian woman presented with bilateral upper-lid lumps having lasted 5 months. These increased in size for about 1 month and stopped. Lid swelling was preceded by itchy eyes, redness of conjunctiva, and occasional mild pain. There were no visual or systemic symptoms. The lumps were firm, slightly mobile, not tender, and not attached to skin but rather to deeper structures. There was restriction on up-gaze but no proptosis or diplopia. Hematological, biochemical, and X-ray investigations were normal. Prednisolone tablets 10 mg daily for two weeks were not useful. Tissue biopsy was invaluable in diagnosis of this rare condition and disclosed juvenile xanthogranuloma. Partial surgical excision was done under lidocaine infiltration. No recurrence has occurred in 40 months of follow-up. No systemic disease has manifested. Conclusion: Juvenile xanthogranuloma can present as bilateral superior orbital tumor in adults; functional and cosmetic aims were achieved by sub-total excision. PMID:23071425

  20. [A woman with beta-propeller protein-associated neurodegeneration identified by the WDR45 mutation presenting as Rett-like syndrome in childhood].

    PubMed

    Morisada, Naoya; Tsuneishi, Syuichi; Taguchi, Kazuhiro; Yagi, Ryuzaburo; Nishiyama, Masahiro; Toyoshima, Daisaku; Nakagawa, Taku; Takeshima, Yasuhiro; Takada, Satoshi; Iijima, Kazumoto

    2016-05-01

    Beta-propeller protein-associated neurodegeneration (BPAN) is one of the neurodegenerative disorders characterized by iron deposition in the brain and is the only known disease in humans to be caused by an aberration in autophagocytosis. Here, we present the case of a 42-year-old woman with BPAN identified by the WDR45 mutation. From early childhood, she was recognized as having global developmental delay, and she frequently sucked her hand, which was considered to be a stereotypical movement. She had a febrile convulsion at 6 months of age but there was no history of epilepsy. The delay in language development was more severe than the delay in motor development; she was able to dress herself, walk unaided, and follow simple instructions until adolescence. After the age of 20, her movement ability rapidly declined. By the time she was 42 years old, she was bedridden and unable to communicate. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 21 years revealed no abnormality except non-specific cerebral atrophy. However, MRI at 39 years revealed abnormalities in the globus pallidus and substantia nigra, with neurodegeneration and iron accumulation in the brain. Genetic analysis for WDR45 revealed that she had a splice site mutation (NM_007075.3: c.830 + 2 T > C) which was previously reported, and a diagnosis of BPAN was confirmed. For specific therapies to be developed for BPAN in the future, it is necessary to establish early diagnosis, including genetic analysis.

  1. Woman's Intuition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anyaso, Hilary Hurd

    2010-01-01

    This article presents a conversation with three women college leaders on how their respective Ohio colleges are faring in the economy, leadership and what tops their presidential agendas these days. Patricia L. Hardaway was appointed president of Wilberforce University in April 2008. An attorney and graduate of the historically Black university,…

  2. The Black Woman.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Browne, Juanita M.

    The Black woman has been the transmitter of culture in the black community. Two of the important roles of African women were perpetuated during slavery and continue until today. They are her role in economic endeavor and her close bond with her children. The woman in African society was additionally politically significant. The black woman has…

  3. Woman: Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reinfeld, Patricia M.

    This booklet on the status of women, aimed at raising the consciousness of female college students, provides an orientation to feminism and references for further pursuit of the areas covered in the following sections. "On Woman and Her Role" sets the stage with selected quotations, expressing conflicting views of woman's role. "What It Is All…

  4. New Woman, New World: The American Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bagnall, Carlene; And Others

    A college-level women's studies course on the experience of American women is presented in three units on the emerging American woman, woman and others, and the transcendent self. Unit 1 focuses on biological and psychological explanations of being female; the socialization process; Black, Native American, and immigrant women; schooling and its…

  5. Newly Diagnosed Colonic Adenocarcinoma: The Presenting Sign in a Young Woman with Undiagnosed Crohn's Disease in the Absence of Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis and a Normal Microsatellite Instability Profile

    PubMed Central

    2017-01-01

    Ulcerative colitis has long been linked with an increased risk for colonic adenocarcinoma, whereas Crohn's disease (CD) has recently been reported to pose a similar increased risk. We report a 33-year-old healthy female with no family history who presented with abdominal pain and a colon mass. Histopathology revealed a moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma extending through the muscularis propria with metastatic lymph nodes and intact mismatch repair proteins by immunohistochemical expression and gene sequencing. The nonneoplastic grossly uninvolved background mucosa showed marked crypt distortion, crypt abscesses, CD-like lymphoid hyperplasia, transmural inflammation, and reactive epithelial atypia. Additional patient questioning revealed frequent loose stools since she was a teenager leading to diagnosis of a previously undiagnosed CD without primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). The adenocarcinoma is suspected to be related to the underlying CD. Newly diagnosed adenocarcinoma in a young female as the presenting sign for CD in the absence of PSC is extremely rare. PMID:28255489

  6. Bilateral patellar tendon-bearing Symes-type prostheses in a severe case of Freeman-Sheldon syndrome in a 21-year-old woman presenting with uncorrectable equinovarus.

    PubMed

    McCormick, Rodger J; Poling, Mikaela I; Chamberlain, Robert L

    2015-07-15

    Described is the use of bilateral patellar tendon-bearing Symes-type prostheses in a severe case of Freeman-Sheldon syndrome (FSS) in a 21-year-old woman presenting with uncorrectable equinovarus and multiple surgical sequela of the lower extremities. FSS is considered a type of myopathic distal arthrogryposis; diagnosis requires the following: microstomia, whistling-face appearance, H-shaped chin dimpling, nasolabial folds, and multiple contractures of the hands and feet. Spinal deformities, metabolic and gastroenterological problems, other dysmorphic craniofacial characteristics, and visual and auditory impairments, are frequent findings. We highlight what we believe to be a unique approach to enhancing the patient's ability to ambulate and engage in physical activity, particularly critical determinates of wellness and long-term functional outcome in FSS, when the feet are non-correctable but not amputated. Important implications exist for physiatrists, other rehabilitation providers and surgeons regarding this likely under-diagnosed syndrome.

  7. [A woman with iris heterochromia].

    PubMed

    Birker, I L; Boons, L S T M; Luyten, G P M

    2016-01-01

    A 20-year-old woman with congenital iris heterochromia presented with loss of vision of her right eye. We made de diagnosis of a large 'uvea melanoma' and enucleated the eye. Pathological examination showed an underlying oculodermal melanocytosis (ODM). The life-time risk of uveal melanoma in the general population is 0.7:100,000, but 1:400 in patients with ODM. Therefore, annual fundoscopy is recommended in these patients.

  8. The Ideal Man and Woman According to University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weinstein, Lawrence; Laverghetta, Antonio V.; Peterson, Scott A.

    2009-01-01

    The present study determined if the ideal man has changed over the years and who and what the ideal woman is. We asked students at Cameron University to rate the importance of character traits that define the ideal man and woman. Subjects also provided examples of famous people exemplifying the ideal, good, average, and inferior man and woman. We…

  9. The Black Woman's Burden

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Dianne

    2012-01-01

    Not even the first lady of the most powerful nation in the world is immune to stereotypes that have plagued Black women since first setting foot on American soil. Stereotypes of being the "angry Black woman" and curiosity about differences in appearance still persist from the academy to 1600 Pennsylvania Ave. As African-American women rise in…

  10. Woman in Combat

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-08-01

    caper was "Nancy Hart’s dinner party". Five 0 Tories, who had just shot a neighbor, forced their way into her home, demanding a meal. Nancy Hart fed... Barbara and Umlauf, Hana. The Good Housekeeping Woman’s Almanan. New York: Newspaper Enterprise Association, Inc., 1977. Miller, Donald L. An Album of

  11. A Rare Case of Epstein-Barr Virus Negative Inflammatory Pseudotumor-like Follicular Dendritic Cell Sarcoma Presenting as a Solitary Colonic Mass in a 53-Year-Old Woman; Case Report and Review of Literature.

    PubMed

    Kazemimood, Rossana; Saei Hamedani, Farid; Sharif, Asma; Gaitonde, Sujata; Wiley, Elizabeth; Giulianotti, Pier Cristoforo; Groth, John Vincent

    2016-06-13

    Follicular dendritic cell (FDC) sarcoma is a rare neoplasm that occurs predominantly in lymph nodes. One third of FDC sarcomas happens in extranodal sites. There are 2 morphologic variants of this tumor: conventional and inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT)-like. IPT-like FDC sarcomas are reported mostly in females and usually involve the spleen and liver. In all cases of IPT-like FDC sarcoma the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) was positive by in situ hybridization except one instance. We report a case of 53-year-old woman who presented with abdominal discomfort. Colonoscopy identified a sessile polypoid mass. Microscopically, there was a prominent lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate. Interspersed among the reactive lymphoid cells were large, pleomorphic stromal cells with marked atypia, irregular and multilobed nuclei, and hyperchromatic smudged chromatin. Immunohistochemical studies demonstrated the atypical stromal cells to be strongly positive for CD10 and D2-40, but negative for CD21, CD23, Clusterin, and epidermal growth factor receptor. EBV-encoded mRNA was negative. A diagnosis of IPT-like FDC sarcoma was rendered. To our knowledge, this is the second case of EBV-negative IPT-like FDC sarcoma reported so far in the literature.

  12. Synchronous high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion and adenocarcinoma in situ of cervix in a young woman presenting with hyperchromatic crowded groups in the cervical cytology specimen: report of a case.

    PubMed

    Zafar, Nadeem; Balazs, Louisa; Benstein, Barbara D

    2008-11-01

    We report a 29-year-old woman who underwent routine gynecologic evaluation at a community clinic and had a cervical sample drawn for liquid-based cytologic evaluation. At cytology, many hyperchromatic crowded groups (HCG) were present, but a consensus could not be established whether the abnormal cells were primarily glandular or squamous with secondary endocervical glandular involvement. An interpretation of atypical endocervical cells, favor neoplastic, was rendered and biopsy advised if clinically appropriate. At biopsy, the cervix contained synchronous squamous cell carcinoma in situ, secondarily involving endocervical glands, and neighboring adenocarcinoma in situ. Immunohistochemistry for Ki-67 and p16(INK4A) crisply and precisely stained both the lesions, clearly separating them from the adjacent uninvolved mucosa. This case re-emphasizes the challenge associated with accurate evaluation of HCG at cytology, the significance of ancillary testing for surrogate markers of high-risk HPV (HR-HPV) infection, the need for adjunct testing for HPV-DNA in the setting of HCG at cervical cytology, and a recommendation to set up studies to evaluate the role of surrogate markers of HR-HPV infection in cytologic samples with HCG.

  13. Intradural calcifying pseudoneoplasm of the neuraxis presenting as a cauda equina syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Lopes, Arthur J. M.; Brock, Roger S.; Martins, Thiago G.; de Medeiro, Raphael S. S.; Montezzo, Daniel; de Oliveira, Matheus F.; Teixeira, Manoel J.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Calcifying nonneoplastic pseudoneoplasms of the neuraxis (CAPNON) have been reported in 59 cases in literature, however, they rarely involve the spinal cord. Owing to the advances in immunohistochemical markers, their structure and origin are better understood now. Case Report: We present the case of a 72-year-old female who had longstanding history of low back pain that exacerbated 20 days prior to the presentation to the emergency room with a frank cauda equina syndrome. The lumbar computed tomography scan showed a hyperdense lesion, suggestive of calcified tumor, whereas the magnetic resonance imaging revealed a hypointense lesion on theT1 and T2-weighted images, without contrast enhancement or edema on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery. She underwent an emergent L2-L4 laminectomy and L3-L4 discectomy with resection of L2 intradural tumor, following which she regained normal function. Conclusion: A 72-year-old female presented with a cauda equina syndrome attributed to an L2 intradural CAPNON. Following gross total resection, the patient was neurologically intact. PMID:28144495

  14. Woman's lot in India.

    PubMed

    Goyal, S K

    1980-01-26

    I read Dr. Rao's article on attitudes to women and nutrition programmes in India (Dec. 22/29, p. 1357) with considerable interest. In India parents have to save a lot of money to be able to give a dowry when a daughter marries. In addition they are expected to spend considerable sums when their daughters' children are born and when the grandchildren in turn marry. The task of looking after elderly parents--and of discharging their responsibilities if they themselves are unable to do so--falls upon the sons. In India daughters rarely help out their parents in this way, and the parents will not usually agree to accept help from daughters if they have a son who is prepared to discharge the sacred duty of helping parents in time of need. Once she marries, a daughter's obligations to her parents cease while their obligations to her extend even further to include her husband, children, and in-laws. No wonder the birth of a girl is rarely a cause of celebration in India. The main cause for the plight of women in India is poverty. In most Indian families, the woman of the house will consume less than anyone of nutritious items such as milk, cheese, meat, fish, and butter. Whenever the family's meagre resources are shared out, whether for food, for education, for medical care, it is the males who are given preference. This unequal distribution takes place with the full approval of the woman of the house. Food is normally allocated by the woman, and when food is scarce they tend to favour sons over daughters. Readers in the West may feel that women get the worst possible deal in India. However, although parents do not normally spend as much on the education of their daughters as they do on their sons, in the long run daughters very often get more than their fair share of the family's fortunes because of the dowry system and other social customs.

  15. Pharmacological and psychosomatic treatments for an elderly patient with severe nausea and vomiting in reaction to postoperative stress.

    PubMed

    Otera, Masako; Machida, Takatsugu; Machida, Tomomi; Abe, Mai; Ichie, Masayoshi; Fukudo, Shin

    2015-10-01

    Here we present a case of successful treatment employing a mixed approach including pharmacological and psychosomatic treatments for a 72-year-old woman who experienced severe nausea and vomiting in reaction to postoperative stress from gastric cancer surgery. This case demonstrates that appropriate provision of psychosomatic treatments, including a psychotherapeutic session and autogenic training, enhances the efficacy of pharmacotherapy.

  16. Percutaneous and Endovascular Embolization of Ruptured Hepatic Artery Aneurysm

    SciTech Connect

    Little, Andrew F.; Lee, Wai Kit

    2002-06-15

    A 72-year-old woman presented with an intraperitoneal hemorrhage from a ruptured intrahepatic arteryaneurysm, with an associated pseudoaneurysm developing a high-flow arteriovenous fistula. Persistent coagulopathy and a median arcuate ligament stenosis of the celiac axis further complicated endovascular management. Aneurysm thrombosis required percutaneous embolization with coils, a removable core guidewire and polyvinyl alcohol particles.

  17. Unusual Paraneoplastic Presentation of Cholangiocarcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Opneja, Aman; Mahajan, Sonia; Kapoor, Sargam; Marur, Shanthi; Yang, Steve Hoseong; Manno, Rebecca

    2015-01-01

    Introduction. Cutaneous paraneoplastic syndromes are a heterogeneous group of skin manifestations that occur in relation to many known malignancies. Paraneoplastic occurrence of SCLE has been noted but is not commonly reported. SCLE association with cholangiocarcinoma is rare. Case Presentation. A 72-year-old man with a history of extrahepatic stage IV cholangiocarcinoma presented with a pruritic rash. Cholangiocarcinoma had been diagnosed three years earlier and was treated. Five months after interruption of his chemotherapy due to a semiurgent surgery, he presented with explosive onset of a new pruritic rash, arthralgias, and lower extremity edema. Physical exam revealed a scaly erythematous rash on his arms, hands, face, neck, legs, and trunk. It was thick and scaly on sun exposed areas. Skin biopsy revealed vacuolar interface dermatitis. Immunofluorescence revealed IgM positive cytoid bodies scattered along the epidermal basement membrane zone. PET-CT scanning revealed metabolically active recurrent disease in peripancreatic and periportal region with hypermetabolic lymph nodes. Oral steroids and new regimen of chemotherapy were started. Rash improved and steroids were tapered off. Discussion. Paraneoplastic syndromes demonstrate the complex interaction between the immune system and cancer. Treatment resistant SCLE should raise a suspicion for paraneoplastic etiology. PMID:26495003

  18. [A woman with unilateral headache].

    PubMed

    Müller, Kai Ivar; Bekkelund, Svein Ivar

    2011-04-08

    A woman in her fifties, with a long history of side-locked unilateral headache, was hospitalized for left-sided side-locked paroxysmal headache (attacks with 10-20 min duration). Clinical and neurological examinations, and brain MRI revealed normal findings. She responded well to indomethacin (50 mg three times daily). Due to non-compliance because of dyspepsia, which delayed the final diagnosis of chronic paroxysmal hemicrania (CPH) for 16, months indomethacin was administered both rectally and orally. A retrospective review of her medical history showed 15 years of unsuccessfully treated unilateral headache, until she responded completely to rofecoxib. Ipsilateral cranial autonomic symptoms also supported the diagnosis of hemicrania continua, although these symptoms presented before indomethacin was tried. Diagnostic delay and misdiagnoses of unilateral headaches, as illustrated by this case, shows the clinical controversies and difficulties in diagnosing and treating this condition.

  19. A woman with forearm amyotrophy

    PubMed Central

    Sagui, Emmanuel; Correa, Éléonore; Ricobono, Diane; Bregigeon, Michel; Brosset, Christian

    2009-01-01

    We present the case of a 33-year-old woman with benign sporadic monomelic amyotrophy of the distal part of the arm, called Hirayama disease. Clinical features included forearm amyotrophy sparing the brachioradialis muscle, cold paresis and causalgia. Neck magnetic resonance imaging was normal in neutral and flexion position. Electromyography showed denervated patterns in the extensor digitorum communis, and conduction studies ruled out multifocal motor neuropathy. Motor evoked potentials were normal. Serum IgG anti-GM1 antibodies were moderately raised but were negative 8 months later. Outcome was favourable within 15 months, with partial motor recovery. Pathogenesis remains controversial: neck flexion induced myelopathy via chronic anterior horn ischaemia due to forward displacement of the posterior wall of the dura mater, or benign variant of lower motor neuron disease? Whatever the pathomechanism is, the clinical features and outcome are the same. PMID:22171230

  20. A woman with forearm amyotrophy.

    PubMed

    Sagui, Emmanuel; Correa, Eléonore; Ricobono, Diane; Bregigeon, Michel; Brosset, Christian

    2009-01-01

    We present the case of a 33-year-old woman with benign sporadic monomelic amyotrophy of the distal part of the arm, called Hirayama disease. Clinical features included forearm amyotrophy sparing the brachioradialis muscle, cold paresis and causalgia. Neck magnetic resonance imaging was normal in neutral and flexion position. Electromyography showed denervated patterns in the extensor digitorum communis, and conduction studies ruled out multifocal motor neuropathy. Motor evoked potentials were normal. Serum IgG anti-GM1 antibodies were moderately raised but were negative 8 months later. Outcome was favourable within 15 months, with partial motor recovery. Pathogenesis remains controversial: neck flexion induced myelopathy via chronic anterior horn ischaemia due to forward displacement of the posterior wall of the dura mater, or benign variant of lower motor neuron disease? Whatever the pathomechanism is, the clinical features and outcome are the same.

  1. Multiple Spontaneous Intracerebral Hematoma without Presenting Risk Factors

    PubMed Central

    Park, Sangman; Park, Eun-Kyung; Kim, Ju-Seong

    2016-01-01

    The incidence of intracerebral hemorrhage in those aged 45–84 years is 0.3-0.5%. In people over 80 years of age, this incidence increases 25-fold compared with that of the total population. The most common causes of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage in the younger population are vascular malformation, aneurysm, and overuse of drugs. In contrast, common causes in the elderly include hypertension, tumors, and coagulation disorders. Here, we present a case involving a 72-year-old male patient who, without any of these predisposing conditions, was admitted to the hospital with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage and showed signs of multifocal intracerebral hemorrhage during his stay. We conclude that spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage can occur without any predisposing factors, and can lead to a patient's death. Therefore, the possibility of recurrent spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage must be considered in patients with primary spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage. PMID:27847776

  2. The Fabric of a Black Woman President.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evelyn, Jamilah

    2001-01-01

    Presents an interview with Dr. Joyce F. Brown, the first female and first African American president of the Fashion Institute of Technology in New York. Explores the intricacies of being a Black woman president, working in New York higher education systems, and training students for an industry not renowned for its diversity. (EV)

  3. Suicide Career: A Young Woman's Story in Phenomenological Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Babow, Irving; Rowe, Robin

    1993-01-01

    Presents case study of suicidal woman diagnosed as catatonic schizophrenic in state mental hospital. Account reveals much about woman's life history, suicide career, problems of living, needs for help, and perceptions of relevant systems. Proposed model would use parts of patient's story for preventive intervention regarding suicidal behavior and…

  4. Adult presentation of arterial tortuosity syndrome in a 51-year-old woman with a novel homozygous c.1411+1G>A mutation in the SLC2A10 gene.

    PubMed

    Castori, Marco; Ritelli, Marco; Zoppi, Nicoletta; Molisso, Luisa; Chiarelli, Nicola; Zaccagna, Fulvio; Grammatico, Paola; Colombi, Marina

    2012-05-01

    Arterial tortuosity syndrome (ATS) is an autosomal recessive connective tissue disorder, mainly characterized by tortuosity and elongation of the large- and medium-sized arteries with predisposition to stenoses and aneurysms. ATS is caused by mutations in the SLC2A10 gene, encoding for the facilitative glucose transporter 10 (GLUT10) and is described typically in pediatric patients. We report on a 51-year-old woman, originally ascertained because of unexplained widespread chronic pain and positive family history of aortic malformation. The main findings included aged appearance, congenital joint hypermobility, joint instability complications, chronic fatigue syndrome, progressive painful joint stiffness, abdominal hernias, pelvic prolapses, multiple cardiac valve prolapses, varicose veins, easy bruising, and gingival recession. Vascular imaging revealed kinking and anomalous origin of the aortic arch branches, marked tortuosity of the aorta, pulmonary and most middle arteries, and a small aneurysm of the splenic artery. SLC2A10 analysis disclosed homozygosity for the novel c.1411+1G>A splice mutation, leading to a 41 amino acids GLUT10 internal deletion. Expression study by immunofluorescence using healthy control cells showed lack of membrane internalization of GLUT10 in patient's skin fibroblasts. This report describes the first splice-site SLC2A10 mutation and increases to 19 the repertoire of known mutations in this gene. Comparison with the few previously published adult patients with ATS contributes to the natural history of this condition, which is probably under diagnosed within the expanding family of inherited connective tissue disorders.

  5. [A young woman with severe hyponatremia].

    PubMed

    Renard, C; Garcia, C; Perret, M-R; Vest, P; El Jahiri, Y; Fuilla, C

    2004-01-01

    We report here the case of a young woman, who came by herself at the emergency department, presenting with a severe hyponatremia (106 mmol/L), as shown by her initial biological report. The biological comment leads us to review the hyponatremia considering on one hand osmolarity and on the other hand volemia. Patient's tests results showed hyponatremia with hypoosmolarity and isovolemia, due to her potomania. At last, the authors expose the main guidelines for the correction of hyponatremia.

  6. Am I a Woman? The Normalisation of Woman in US History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, Sandra J.

    2012-01-01

    The curriculum of US History has improved substantially in its presentation of women over the 40 years since Trecker's 1971 study of US History textbooks. While studies show increased inclusions, they also suggest that women have not yet claimed their own place in the school curriculum. This paper seeks to better understand the woman who is…

  7. Successful water birth in a woman with vaginismus.

    PubMed

    Moraloğlu, O; Engin-Ustün, Y; Ozakşit, G; Mollamahmutoğlu, L

    2011-01-01

    Vaginismus is a common sexual dysfunction. The case of a successful water birth in a woman with vaginismus is presented. Water birth should be considered as an alternative method of birth in women with vaginismus.

  8. [Growing old as a woman].

    PubMed

    Boyer-Weinmann, Martine

    2014-01-01

    Growing old as a woman. Since Diderot, a classic writer, and his friend Sophie Volland with whom he corresponded, debated the difference between the "handsome old man" and "beautiful old age", or a hypothetical "beautiful old woman", the representations of growing old have changed, to the benefit of women. Has the considerable contribution of female writers to the debate played a role? In what ways does literature, through its figurations of the ages of life, provide a valuable perspective of the contemporary mutations of the view of old age?

  9. Advertising the American Woman.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dispenza, Joseph E.

    This illustrated anthology of advertising in the popular press attempts to clarify the manner in which consumers have been conditioned to think about the roles of women in society. More than 2,000 copies of periodicals dating from 1900 to the present were consulted for the cultural information in their advertising. The selection of certain ads…

  10. Hurrah for the Reasonable Woman.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leland, Dorothy

    1994-01-01

    Recent court cases on sexual harassment, and the outcomes, were reviewed in terms of how the court viewed a "reasonable" woman. Rulings in such cases can vary because of different interpretations of the "reasonable" concept. Also discusses how recent rulings will affect sexual harassment policymakers in the workplace and educational institutions.…

  11. Every Woman's Right to Learn

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward, Jane; Turner, Cheryl; Watts, Jane; Eldred, Jan

    2011-01-01

    As people celebrate the 100th anniversary of International Women's Day this year, NIACE has organised an event, "Every woman's right to learn," that will offer an opportunity for educators and learners to celebrate women's progress and achievements in and through learning, to find one's hopes and aspirations for the future and work…

  12. Proteinase 3-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-positive ulcerative colitis presenting with abducens neuropathy

    PubMed Central

    Kirito, Yuki; Yamamoto, Daisuke; Uchiyama, Tsuyoshi

    2017-01-01

    A 72-year-old man with ulcerative colitis (UC) presented with complete left abducens nerve palsy. Although MRI showed no significant changes, cerebrospinal fluid analysis revealed pleocytosis and elevated protein and interleukin (IL)-6 levels. His serum proteinase 3-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (PR3-ANCA) level was also elevated to 31.1 U/mL, but granulomatosis with polyangiitis was not observed. On the basis of the diagnosis of autoimmune cranial neuropathy, he was treated with steroid therapy. While tapering steroid therapy, his serum PR3-ANCA levels; cerebrospinal fluid findings, including IL-6 levels; and symptoms improved. Serum PR3-ANCA could be a useful parameter of neurological disorders associated with ANCA-positive UC. PMID:28069788

  13. [A case of eosinophilic myositis presenting with myocarditis and cardiac embolism].

    PubMed

    Madokoro, Yuta; Kato, Hideki; Yuasa, Hiroyuki; Ootaka, Naoya; Mori, Yoshiko; Mitake, Shigehisa

    2015-01-01

    We report the case of a 72-year-old male who presented with the complaints of muscular pain and weakness. The patient showed marked eosinophilia, elevated levels of myogenic enzymes and pathological abnormalities including eosinophil infiltration obtained from the muscle biopsy. Based on these findings, the patient was diagnosed with eosinophilic myositis. During follow-up, left ventricular wall motion abnormalities with transient electrocardiographic abnormalities were identified; these were believed to be concurrent with eosinophilic myocarditis. Further, notable complications included cardiogenic cerebral embolism. Eosinophilic myositis has been found to cause a wide spectrum of complications. Our findings indicate that in cases of suspected eosinophilic myositis, it is crucial to identify myocarditis immediately and to select an anticoagulant therapy to prevent cerebral embolism.

  14. A young woman with abdominal distension

    PubMed Central

    Appleby, Richard; Saroya, Haseeb; Postgate, Aymer; Meer, Ziad

    2014-01-01

    We present the case of a 34-year-old woman with haemorrhagic ascites and an extrinsic rectal mass on endoscopy. Endometrioma was subsequently confirmed by laparoscopy and biopsy. Intestinal endometriosis is common, and often mimics other gastrointestinal pathology. Haemorrhagic ascites or intestinal masses are rare presentations of endometriosis, and this is the only reported case of both occurring together. Endometriosis and ascites are more common in women of African descent, and although histological diagnosis requires laparoscopy, MRI has a high negative predictive value; 95% for intestinal endometriosis. Re-accumulation of ascites were prevented by starting a gonadotrophin antagonist. PMID:24717582

  15. The older woman's body image.

    PubMed

    Price, Bob

    2010-02-01

    Body image is an important concept that has a significant effect on a person's self-esteem and self-confidence. Appreciating how the older body is perceived by a woman is an important first step to understanding how nurses might support patient dignity. This article reviews the latest literature on ageing and body image and suggests practical dialogues that nurses and patients can share.

  16. Paget's disease in an Asian woman.

    PubMed

    Zia, Asif; Zareen, Nabila

    2011-04-01

    Extramammary Paget's disease is a rare disease, which mainly occurs in postmenopausal women. The case of Paget's disease of vulva, in a 40 year old Asian woman, who presented with a history of intense itching in vulva for 1 year is being reported. After being medically treated, she was diagnosed on Vulval biopsy. Local excision of the vulval lesion was performed, and histopathology revealed Paget's disease, extending close to the surgical margins. Therefore, a re-excision was performed and patient remained disease free at six months follow up.

  17. Double Seronegative Myasthenia Gravis with Anti-LRP4 Antibodies Presenting with Dropped Head and Acute Respiratory Insufficiency

    PubMed Central

    Beck, Goichi; Yabumoto, Taiki; Baba, Kousuke; Sasaki, Tsutomu; Higuchi, Osamu; Matsuo, Hidenori; Mochizuki, Hideki

    2016-01-01

    We herein report the case of a 72-year-old man demonstrating myasthenia gravis (MG) with a dropped head and acute respiratory insufficiency. There was no ocular, bulbar, or limb involvement. The patient was seronegative for anti-acetylcholine receptor (AChR) antibodies and anti-muscle-specific tyrosine kinase (MuSK) antibodies. Subsequent tests showed seropositivity for anti-low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 4 (LRP4) antibodies. The addition of steroid pulse therapy resulted in a full remission of his respiratory symptoms. This presentation suggests that LRP4-positive MG should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with acute respiratory insufficiency without either cranial or limb involvement. PMID:27853084

  18. Primary ovarian leiomyoma in a postmenopausal woman: A case report

    PubMed Central

    Sanverdi, Ilhan; Vural, Fisun; Temizkan, Osman; Temel, Orhan; Ayvaci, Habibe; Gunes, Pembegul

    2016-01-01

    Leiomyomas are benign neoplasms that can develop wherever smooth muscle is present. Primary leiomyomas of the ovary originate from smooth muscle cells of ovarian tissue and are rare, solitary tumors. Approximately 70 cases have been reported. They usually present in premenopausal women. The present case is a report of left ovarian leiomyoma in a postmenopausal woman.

  19. Sofia Ionescu, the first woman neurosurgeon in the world.

    PubMed

    Ciurea, Alexandru-Vlad; Moisa, Horatiu Alexandru; Mohan, Dumitru

    2013-11-01

    The authors present the activity of Mrs. Sofia Ionescu, the one female surgeon who was nominated as the first woman neurosurgeon in the world. Sofia Ionescu worked in the field of neurosurgery for 47 years, performing all the known neurosurgical procedures of the time. She made herself known through her incredible surgical skill and her enormous work power. Due to her incredible modesty and workload, she never participated at international congresses or manifestations. The nomination as first woman neurosurgery took place in Marrakech, Morocco, during the 2005 WFNS Congress. Although some claim that Diana Beck was the first woman neurosurgeon in the world, our theory suggests otherwise. The first documented surgical intervention performed by Diana Beck dates to 1952. Sofia Ionescu operated for the first time on a human brain as early as 1944. Furthermore, Diana Beck's actions surfaced in the year 1947, long after the war had ended and Sofia Ionescu had become a neurosurgeon.

  20. False aneurysm of aorta secondary to partial occlusion clamp injury: diagnosis by nuclear flow study

    SciTech Connect

    Becker, R.M.; Wexler, J.; Frater, R.W.

    1981-09-01

    A 72-year-old woman presented 12 months postaortic valve replacement with a false aneurysm near the aortic cannulation site. The diagnosis was suspected from clinical findings and confirmed by a nuclear flow study. The patient refused surgery and died shortly afterward. At autopsy, a smooth-walled 1 cm defect adjacent to the cannulation site (presumably related to injury from a partial occlusion clamp) was found; this would have been easily reparable with surgery.

  1. Unusual nonrefractile eosinophilic crystal in breast ducts in a patient with invasive mucinous carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Quddus, M Ruhul; Simon, Rochelle A; Begum, S M K Nahar; Lomme, Michelle; Hansen, Katrine

    2014-01-01

    A 72-year-old, G4P2 white woman presented with a recent abnormal mammogram showing a nodule at 8 o'clock of her right breast and indeterminate calcification in the subareolar region. An initial stereotactic core followed by wide local excision and sentinel node biopsy showed a pT1aN0(sn)M(na) low-grade invasive mucinous carcinoma. In dilated benign ducts, adjacent to the carcinoma, numerous eosinophilic, nonrefractile crystals were identified.

  2. Abdominal Migraine in a Middle-aged Woman

    PubMed Central

    Kunishi, Yosuke; Iwata, Yuri; Ota, Mitsuyasu; Kurakami, Yuichi; Matsubayashi, Mao; Kanno, Masatomo; Kuboi, Yoriko; Yoshie, Koichiro; Kato, Yoshio

    2016-01-01

    A 52-year-old woman presented with recurrent, severe abdominal pain. Laboratory tests and imaging were insignificant, and treatment for functional dyspepsia was ineffective. The poorly localized, dull, and severe abdominal pain, associated with anorexia, nausea, and vomiting, was consistent with abdominal migraine. The symptoms were relieved by loxoprofen and lomerizine, which are used in the treatment of migraine. We herein report a case of abdominal migraine in a middle-aged woman. Abdominal migraine should be considered as a cause of abdominal pain as it might easily be relieved by appropriate treatment. PMID:27725538

  3. ALCAPA in an Octogenarian Woman: An Enigma.

    PubMed

    Sinha, Santosh Kumar; Verma, Chandra Mohan; Krishna, Vinay; Thakur, Ramesh; Kumar, Barun; Goel, Amit; Kumar, Surendra; Kumar, Ashutosh; Jha, Mukesh Jitendra

    2015-06-01

    ALCAPA syndrome (anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery) is an exceedingly rare disease but lethal with clinical expression from myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure to death during early infancy and rare survival to adulthood. A 75-year-old woman with ALCAPA syndrome presented with angina (Canadian Cardiovascular Society functional class II) over past 8 months. Physical examination was within normal limits except pan-systolic murmur at the apex. Electrocardiography displayed poor R progression in precordial leads and signs of left ventricular hypertrophy. Echocardiography established presence of continuous flow entering the pulmonary trunk and normal systolic function. Coronary angiogram showed absence of left coronary artery originating from aorta, dilated and tortuous right coronary artery (RCA) and abundant Rentrop grade 3 intercoronary collateral communicating with left coronary artery originating from pulmonary trunk which was also confirmed on CT angiogram thus establishing diagnosis of ALCAPA. Survival in eight decade with this anomaly is still an enigma.

  4. Songs of a Medicine Woman. Native Language and Culture Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pratt, Alice; Bennett, Ruth, Ed.

    Traditional and contemporary Hupa songs as sung by a Hupa medicine woman in her 70's are collected in this booklet. Songs are presented in Hupa and English on facing pages that are illustrated with pen and ink drawings. The four songs are "Flower Dance Song" and "Kick Dance Song" (both for traditional religious ceremonial…

  5. [Cystic fibrosis in a 70-year-old woman].

    PubMed

    Bruun, Lene Søndberg; Jensen, Michael Skov

    2002-05-06

    Cystic fibrosis is usually diagnosed in early childhood, and patients rarely live beyond the age of 40. We present a case of a 70-year-old woman, in whom cystic fibrosis was diagnosed with the rare mutation, R117C. Cystic fibrosis should therefore also be considered in older patients.

  6. Isolated splenic cat scratch disease in an immunocompetent adult woman.

    PubMed

    Gilad, Jacob; Wolak, Arik; Borer, Abraham; Benharroch, Daniel; Avidor, Boaz; Giladi, Michael; Schlaeffer, Francisc

    2003-01-01

    We report a case of isolated splenic cat scratch disease in an immunocompetent woman. The clinical presentation of prolonged fever, night sweats, weakness, and intrasplenic lesions was highly suggestive of lymphoma. This is the second reported case of isolated splenic cat scratch disease in an adult and the first in a healthy adult.

  7. Household Hints for the Working Woman: With or Without Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Data Associates, Framingham, MA.

    The purpose of the report is the presentation of ideas and information to help the working woman save time, effort, and money. Chapter one offers suggestions for child care arrangements such as babysitters, transportation needs, and the possibilities for home employment. Chapter two includes shopping and specific management tips for both clothing…

  8. "Bionic Woman" (2007): Gender, Disability and Cyborgs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quinlan, Margaret M.; Bates, Benjamin R.

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores a representation of overlapping categories of gender, disability and cyborgs in "Bionic Woman" (2007). The television show "Bionic Woman" (2007) is a popular culture representation that uniquely brings together these categories. Three themes emerged from an analysis of blogger discourse surrounding the show. The themes reveal…

  9. Professional practice among woman dentist

    PubMed Central

    Pallavi, S. K.; Rajkumar, G. C.

    2011-01-01

    Objective: This review aims to give an inside view of professional career of a women dentist, addresses the unique demands of being a woman dentist, and highlight ways to address these issues. Materials and Methods: The Medline database, scholarly literature, and informal literature were considered for this review. Results: Working hours of female dentists do not differ significantly from the working hours of their male counterparts, until they have children. The female dentists’ working hours showed a distinct drop as soon as they started a family. It was also found that women dentists are more likely to take career break. It is clear that childrearing and family responsibilities have a great impact on women's working life. Significant differences between males and females in work title and specialization were evident in an academic institution. Due to the societal orientation which regards women as primarily home makers, the responsibilities for family caretaking continues to fall disproportionately on women, and this fact could explain why women abandon their careers in the advanced stages. Conclusions: Efforts should be made to identify and reduce barriers to women's advancement in dentistry. PMID:24478948

  10. Lessons from a Black Woman Administrator: "I'm Still Here"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dowdy, Joanne Kilgour; Hamilton, Awilda

    2012-01-01

    This case study presents the findings from a qualitative research project about a Black woman scholar, the first non-White female to serve as chair of a department and the associate dean of the college in its 100 year history. The study focuses on the experiences of a Black woman scholar as a chairperson and the learning she achieved during her…

  11. Merkel Cell Carcinoma with Lymphoepithelioma-Like Pattern: A Case Report of an Exceedingly Rare Variant of Merkel Cell Carcinoma with Lymph Node Metastases at Presentation

    PubMed Central

    Ben Abdelkrim, Soumaya; Dhouibi, Abdelmajid; Moussa, Adnène; Hadhri, Rim; Njim, Leila; Mighri, Khalifa; Zakhama, Abdelfatteh

    2011-01-01

    Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) or primary neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin is a rare neoplasm with aggressive behavior. Primary lymphoepithelioma-like (LEL) carcinoma of the skin is a recently described exceptional tumor, with a relatively good prognosis, and is characterized by a neoplastic epithelial component associated with a dense lymphoid stroma. Rarely, MCC shows a marked lymphocytic host response or can even mimic a LEL carcinoma. We report a new case of MCC mimicking an LEL carcinoma in a 72-year-old male; the diagnosis of MCC was made on the basis of the morphology and immunohistochemical findings. We present through this case an exceptional pattern of MCC which can be misleading, and we insist on differential diagnoses. PMID:22937395

  12. Well-Woman Task Force: Components of the Well-Woman Visit.

    PubMed

    Conry, Jeanne A; Brown, Haywood

    2015-10-01

    The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 includes strong well-woman health care provisions as a means of optimizing preventive health care across a woman's lifetime. In 2013, The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists convened a task force of leading professional associations representing women's health clinicians to develop age-specific well-woman health care guidelines with a goal of improving health outcomes. The charge of the Well-Woman Task Force was to provide guidance to women and clinicians with age-appropriate recommendations for a well-woman visit. Evidence-based guidelines, evidence-informed guidelines, and uniform expert agreement formed the foundation for the final recommendations. The resulting list of recommendations, "Components of the Well-Woman Visit," identifies needs across a woman's lifespan and is intended for use by any provider who cares for adolescents or women.

  13. Weakness in an Elderly Woman With Asthma and Chronic Sinusitis

    PubMed Central

    Greene, James G.

    2016-01-01

    Weakness and sensory changes are common complaints in both the inpatient and the outpatient setting. However, this presentation remains a diagnostic challenge to clinicians due to the many possible underlying etiologies. The initial evaluation of weakness and sensory changes starts a thorough history and physical examination to guide the diagnostic process. In this article, we present the case of an elderly woman with complaints of weakness and sensory changes to highlight a step-wise approach to diagnosis and management. PMID:26753055

  14. Divorce May Shrink an Older Woman's Waistline…

    MedlinePlus

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_163508.html Divorce May Shrink an Older Woman's Waistline… … while marriage ... 9, 2017 THURSDAY, Feb. 9, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Divorce can be plenty stressful for older women. But ...

  15. Uterine prolapse in a primigravid woman

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Jeong Ok; Jang, Shin A; Yun, Nae Ri; Lee, Sang-Hun; Hwang, Sung Ook

    2016-01-01

    Uterine prolapse during pregnancy is an uncommon condition. It can cause preterm labor, spontaneous abortion, fetal demise, maternal urinary complication, maternal sepsis and death. We report the case of uterine prolapse in a 32-year-old healthy primigravid woman. She had no risk factors associated with uterine prolapse. She was conservatively treated, resulting in a successful vaginal delivery. This report is a very rare case of uterine prolapse in a young healthy primigravid woman, resulting in a successful vaginal delivery. PMID:27200317

  16. Tucson Woman's Clinic v. Eden.

    PubMed

    2004-01-01

    information and did not provide safeguards to protect private patient information despite the potential for harm. The court did not find a provision requiring incident reports to the medical licensing board following death or serious injury to violate the right of informational privacy because the type of information requested was narrowly tailored, the information was only required in limited circumstances, the potential for harm was minimized by existing statutory safeguards, and there was a strong state interest in having professional physician licensing boards monitor serious incidences. The court held that the law's provision requiring patients "be treated with consideration, respect and full recognition of the patient's dignity and individuality" was unconstitutionally vague because the meanings of "consideration," "respect," "dignity," and "individuality" were widely variable and the words were not medical terms. As such, the provision was too vague and subjective for providers to know how they should act and did not limit arbitrary enforcement. Finally, the court held that a provision requiring a hospital-admitted physician be on-site was constitutional because it did not violate procedural or substantive due process. The court remanded the case for determination of whether the law unduly burdened a woman's right to an abortion.

  17. A ray of hope for a woman with Sheehan's syndrome.

    PubMed

    Jain, Deepti

    2013-02-04

    A 25-year-old woman presented with a history of secondary amenorrhoea for the last 3 years, coinciding with her delivery. She delivered at home and had massive postpartum haemorrhage. She was brought in a state of circulatory collapse to the nearest teaching hospital, where she was resuscitated. She developed anaemia, septicaemia and extradural empyema. The complications were managed and the woman improved. Presently, she approached us for infertility. She was investigated and diagnosed with postpartum hypopituitarism, that is, Sheehan's syndrome. Her gonadotrophin levels, luteinising hormone/follicle-stimulating hormone, were normal, serum oestradiol was low and serum prolactin was also on the lower side. She had started with genital atrophy and was given three cycles of cyclic oestrogen +progesterone combination. Ovulation was induced. She conceived and her antenatal period was uneventful. She delivered a full-term baby vaginally. However, she had inadequate lactation after delivery and lost the baby at one-and-a-half months' age due to gastroenteritis.

  18. [Trochanteric bursitis due to tuberculosis in an immunocompetent young woman].

    PubMed

    Soro Marín, Sandra; Sánchez Trenado, María Asunción; Mínguez Sánchez, María Dolores; Paulino Huertas, Marcos; García Morales, Paula Virginia; Salas Manzanedo, Verónica

    2012-01-01

    Soft tissue infection due to Mycobacterium tuberculosis can affect muscle, tendons, fascia, bursa and synovial tissue. Tuberculous trochanteric bursitis is a rare entity that usually affects immunocompromised patients. Manifestations usually occur insidiously, which delays diagnosis and treatment. We present the case of an immunocompetent young woman who came to our department for chronic left hip pain. The study confirms the diagnosis of tuberculous trochanteric bursitis. This case demonstrates the importance of considering a possible infectious origin of bursitis in immunocompetent patients.

  19. Multiple Opportunistic Infections in a Woman with GATA2 Mutation.

    PubMed

    Vila, Andrea; Dapás, Juan I; Rivero, Cynthia V; Bocanegra, Florencia; Furnari, Roberto F; Hsu, Amy P; Holland, Steven M

    2017-01-01

    GATA2 deficiency is a genetic disorder caused by inherited or sporadic haploinsufficient mutations in the GATA2 gene. Patients have abnormalities in hematopoiesis, lymphangiogenesis and immunity; encompassing a broad range of clinical syndromes, mainly characterized by monocytopenia, B and NK cell cytopenia, severe or recurrent infections, and a high risk of developing myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We report a case of an Argentinean woman who presented with multiple opportunistic infections as her first manifestation of GATA2 deficiency.

  20. An elderly Filipino woman with follicular papules of the face and chest.

    PubMed

    Ascha, Mona; Irfan, Mahwish; Billings, Steven D

    2017-03-15

    An elderly woman developed pruritic follicularpapules over a period of 5 years. A biopsy revealedfocal intraepidermal eosinophilic pustules, leading tothe diagnosis of Ofuji disease or eosinophilic pustularfolliculitis. A discussion of this condition is presented.

  1. The woman I love and the woman I cannot live without.

    PubMed

    Bergmann, Martin S

    2013-10-01

    The relationship between love and the symbiotic phase of childhood is explored from a new angle in terms of a conflict between "the woman I love" and "the woman I cannot live without." Love requires dependency, but it can also lead to giving up independent existence; then it becomes inimical to the relationship.

  2. Daisy Maude Orleman Robinson: the first American woman dermatologist.

    PubMed

    Pariser, David M

    2015-01-01

    Born in 1868 and the first American woman to become a dermatologist, Daisy Maude Orleman (later Robinson) graduated from the National Medical College of Columbian University, now George Washington University, in 1890. After training in dermatology in Paris and Zurich and after marriage to Andrew Rose Robinson in 1904, she joined the faculty of the New York Polyclinic Medical School and the Northwestern Dispensary in New York, where she was an attending dermatologist starting in 1905. Her achievements included being the first woman dermatologist to present a case at a dermatologic meeting, to publish a scholarly paper in dermatology, to present a case at an international dermatology meeting, and to have a documented clinical practice in dermatology in the United States. A 1916 publication listed her as the best known woman dermatologist in the world. After service in the US Army Medical Corps during World War I, she had a distinguished career in the US Public Health Service, where she devoted her career to the eradication of venereal diseases and the development of sex education programs, particularly for young women.

  3. Emmy Noether, Greatest Woman Mathematician.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kimberling, Clark

    1982-01-01

    A brief history of Amalie Emmy Noether is presented, citing many of her contributions to mathematics and physics. Major credit for the development of modern algebra should probably be given to her. Reference is made to Noether's theorem and Noetherian Rings. (MP)

  4. Woman to Woman: Coming Together for Positive Change--using empowerment and popular education to prevent HIV in women.

    PubMed

    Romero, Lisa; Wallerstein, Nina; Lucero, Julie; Fredine, Heidi Grace; Keefe, Joanna; O'Connell, JoAnne

    2006-10-01

    HIV risk is the product of social, cultural, economic, and interpersonal forces that create sex-role definitions and expectations that can lead to gender inequalities in health. Woman to Woman: Coming Together for Positive Change is an HIV/AIDS prevention intervention that takes into account that choices and actions may be constrained by poverty, gender roles, and cultural norms. This project educates and empowers, promotes women's perspectives, reaches women "where they are," and encourages women to speak of their experience. The following study presents the evaluation of the effectiveness of an empowerment based participatory HIV prevention program over a 3-year period, implemented in both rural and urban settings in New Mexico, targeting over 300 women at-risk of HIV/AIDS. In addition, the practicalities of conducting participatory process and outcome evaluation with a small nonprofit with minimal budget will be discussed.

  5. Woman in Physics in Slovenia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zeleznik, Nadja; Conradi, Marjetka; Remskar, Maja

    2009-04-01

    Slovenian female physicists are organized in an informal network that incorporates more than 100 women working in research, academia, government, and industry. In the past three years we have accomplished several actions in order to motivate young girls and students to pursue physics. Our main achievement was publishing the monograph Physics—My Education in September 2007. The book includes 79 autobiographic contributions of female physicists presenting their life and work in different areas: science (institutes and universities), teaching, industry, and government. We have also organized an exhibition about Slovene women in physics, presenting the very first female physicists and all the next generations. A very popular item among women and men was also a T-shirt with our logo. By selling the books and T-shirts we have collected money for scholarships for female students of physics. The first four scholarships were awarded on March 8, 2008, in the spirit of the International Women's Day.

  6. Can "Word Choices" Compromise a Woman's Career?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mendoza, Sylvia

    2011-01-01

    A letter of recommendation can catapult a woman into the next phase of the interview process for a particular job--or land her in the slush pile. Word choice in describing this female candidate can make or break her career. Letters of recommendation--especially when a reference's word choice paints a negative, less than stellar picture of the…

  7. What Happened to Woman the Gatherer?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zihlman, Adrienne L.

    Reactions to the "woman the gatherer" theory, introduced in the 1970's as an alternative to the "man the hunter" thesis in anthropology, have been to accept, ignore it, or combine it with the hunting theory. The "man the hunter" model stresses that primitive males hunted for meat and provided food and protection for their mates and children who…

  8. Grass Woman Stories. Blackfeet Heritage Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ground, Mary

    During her lifetime Mary Ground, whose Indian name is Grass Woman, has experienced extreme changes in the life of Blackfeet Indians. Born in 1883, she remembers the travois and teepee days as well as the change to reservation life when the reservation was a fenced compound patrolled by the U.S. military. She has seen the decline in the use of…

  9. Renaissance Woman: A Portrait of Carolyn Brodie

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kenney, Brian

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the author profiles Carolyn Brodie, winner of this year's Scholastic Library Publishing Award. One can be completely charmed by Brodie's soft-spoken Arkansas accent, warm demeanor, and genteel manners. While the graciousness is authentic, the woman behind it is fearless, with a clear vision for youth services, remarkable tenacity,…

  10. Sherry Red Owl, Stands at Dawn Woman

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crazy Bull, Cheryl

    2014-01-01

    This article introduces Sherry Red Owl, also known as "Stands at Dawn Woman," because she greets each day as a new opportunity and has spent her life working at new things. She worked at Sinte Gleska University (SGU) during its founding years, taught at an elementary school when few Native teachers were employed in the school systems,…

  11. Fatal Monocytic Ehrlichiosis in Woman, Mexico, 2013

    PubMed Central

    Sosa-Gutierrez, Carolina G.; Solorzano-Santos, Fortino; Walker, David H.; Torres, Javier; Serrano, Carlos A.

    2016-01-01

    Human monocytic ehrlichiosis is a febrile illness caused by Ehrlichia chaffeensis, an intracellular bacterium transmitted by ticks. In Mexico, a case of E. chaffeensis infection in an immunocompetent 31-year-old woman without recognized tick bite was fatal. This diagnosis should be considered for patients with fever, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and elevated liver enzyme levels. PMID:27088220

  12. Carrie Chapman Catt and Woman Suffrage.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardesty, Carolyn, Ed.

    1989-01-01

    Most of the material for this issue of the "Goldfinch," which explores the life of Carrie Chapman Catt, came from the archives of the State Historical Society of Iowa. Carrie Chapman Catt (1859-1947) was an Iowan who advocated woman suffrage and spent 26 years actively working for that cause. The issue contains a biography of Catt, and…

  13. Fatal Monocytic Ehrlichiosis in Woman, Mexico, 2013.

    PubMed

    Sosa-Gutierrez, Carolina G; Solorzano-Santos, Fortino; Walker, David H; Torres, Javier; Serrano, Carlos A; Gordillo-Perez, Guadalupe

    2016-05-01

    Human monocytic ehrlichiosis is a febrile illness caused by Ehrlichia chaffeensis, an intracellular bacterium transmitted by ticks. In Mexico, a case of E. chaffeensis infection in an immunocompetent 31-year-old woman without recognized tick bite was fatal. This diagnosis should be considered for patients with fever, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and elevated liver enzyme levels.

  14. From College Girl to Working Woman.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cowan, Susan

    Written for the woman just graduated from college who wants a big-city job, the book provides coverage of the job scene from New York to San Francisco and offers methods and suggestions on how to create an exciting new career. Tips on where to look for jobs, the resume, and the job interview are some of the introductory topics, followed by a…

  15. Dubious value of the "reasonable woman" standard in understanding sexual harassment.

    PubMed

    Eisenman, R

    1995-12-01

    There are problems with the "reasonable woman" concept for sexual harassment cases. Also, the 1995 findings of Baird, et al., although statistically significant, identify very small differences between men and women subjects. "Reasonable woman," as employed in sexual harassment cases, is a culture-bound concept used by some feminists to present a specific worldview in which women are seen in the victim's role, and men are viewed negatively.

  16. Internal carotid artery dissection following chiropractic treatment in a pregnant woman with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

    PubMed

    Morton, Adam

    2012-12-19

    A case of internal carotid artery dissection in a pregnant woman with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) immediately following chiropractic treatment is presented. The literature regarding complications of neck manipulation during pregnancy, spontaneous dissection of craniocervical arteries in pregnancy and the postpartum period, and dissection of craniocervical arteries in SLE are reviewed. To the best of the author's knowledge, this is the first case of carotid artery dissection following chiropractic treatment in a pregnant woman published in the literature.

  17. Internal carotid artery dissection following chiropractic treatment in a pregnant woman with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    A case of internal carotid artery dissection in a pregnant woman with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) immediately following chiropractic treatment is presented. The literature regarding complications of neck manipulation during pregnancy, spontaneous dissection of craniocervical arteries in pregnancy and the postpartum period, and dissection of craniocervical arteries in SLE are reviewed. To the best of the author’s knowledge, this is the first case of carotid artery dissection following chiropractic treatment in a pregnant woman published in the literature. PMID:23254252

  18. Acute localized exanthematous pustulosis caused by cefoperazone and sodium sulbactam*

    PubMed Central

    Qu, Yan-Jing; Jin, Shu-Bin; Han, Xiang-Chun; Zheng, Li-Qiang

    2016-01-01

    Acute localized exanthematous pustulosis is a localized variant of acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis, which is characterized by the eruption of multiple scattered pustules following drug administration. A 72-year-old woman presented with multiple erythematous pustules on her face, which had appeared two days after using cefoperazone and sodium sulbactam. Histopathological findings showed subcorneal pustules and mixed inflammatory cell infiltration in the dermis. The pustules resolved within about two weeks after the patient discontinued the antibiotics. This report discusses the case of a woman with a cutaneous drug reaction consistent with acute localized exanthematous pustulosis that occurred after cefoperazone and sodium sulbactam were administered. PMID:28099605

  19. Odontogenic myxoma in a 52-year-old woman

    PubMed Central

    Ram, Hari; Mehta, Gagan; Kumar, Manoj; Lone, Parveen

    2014-01-01

    Odontogenic myxoma (OM) is a rare benign but locally aggressive tumour of the jaws. It is usually seen in the second to third decade of life. Women are more frequently affected than men and it has more predilections for the mandible rather than the maxilla. OM presents as an asymptomatic swelling in most of the cases. Owing to the non-capsulated and aggressive nature of OM, a high rate of recurrence has been reported. Here we present a case of OM in a 52-year-old woman managed by segmental mandibulectomy. Sign of recurrence was seen after 18 months of follow-up. PMID:24859552

  20. [Aged woman's vulnerability related to AIDS].

    PubMed

    Silva, Carla Marins; Lopes, Fernanda Maria do Valle Martins; Vargens, Octavio Muniz da Costa

    2010-09-01

    This article is a systhematic literature review including the period from 1994 to 2009, whose objective was to discuss the aged woman's vulnerability in relation to Acquired Imunodeficiency Syndrome (Aids). The search for scientific texts was accomplished in the following databases: Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, Scientific Eletronic Library Online (SciELO), Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS) and Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE). The descriptors used were vulnerability, woman and Aids. Eighteen texts were analyzed, including articles in scientific journals, thesis and dissertations. As a conclusion, it was noted that aged women and vulnerability to Aids are directly related, through gender characteristics including submission and that were built historical and socially. We consider as fundamental the development of studies which may generate publications accessible to women, in order to help them see themselves as persons vulnerable to Aids contagion just for being women.

  1. Coffee to Go: Woman "Thinks" First Cup in 15 Years

    MedlinePlus

    ... turn Javascript on. Feature: NIBIB Robotics Coffee to Go: Woman "Thinks" First Cup in 15 Years Past ... Athlete Stands Again…On His Own! / Coffee to Go: Woman "Thinks" First Cup in 15 Years Spring ...

  2. The Old Woman, California, IIAB iron meteorite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Plotkin, Howard; Clarke, Roy S.; McCoy, Timothy J.; Corrigan, Catherine M.

    2012-05-01

    The Old Woman meteorite, discovered in March 1976 by two prospectors searching for a fabled lost Spanish gold mine in mountains ˜270 km east of Los Angeles, has achieved the status of a legend among meteorite hunters and collectors. The question of the ownership of the 2753 kg group IIAB meteorite, the second largest ever found in the United States (34°28'N, 115°14'W), gave rise to disputes involving the finders, the Bureau of Land Management, the Secretary of the Department of the Interior, the State of California, the California members of the U.S. Congress, various museums in California, the Smithsonian Institution, and the Department of Justice. Ultimately, ownership of the meteorite was transferred to the Smithsonian under the powers of the 1906 Antiquities Act, a ruling upheld in a U.S. District Court and a U.S. Court of Appeals. After additional debate, the Smithsonian removed a large cut for study and curation, and for disbursement of specimens to qualified researchers. The main mass was then returned to California on long-term loan to the Bureau of Land Management's Desert Discovery Center in Barstow. The Old Woman meteorite litigation served as an important test case for the ownership and control of meteorites found on federal lands. The Old Woman meteorite appears to be structurally unique in containing both hexahedral and coarsest octahedral structures in the same mass, unique oriented schreibersites within hexahedral areas, and polycrystalline parent austenite crystals. These structures suggest that different portions of the meteorite may have transformed via different mechanisms upon subsolidus cooling, making the large slices of Old Woman promising targets for future research.

  3. An Unusual Presentation of Nocardiosis in an Allogeneic Transplant Recipient

    PubMed Central

    Saqib, Amina; Mohammad, Farhan; Terjanian, Terenig

    2016-01-01

    Nocardiosis is a rare cause of opportunistic infection post hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) occurring in about 0.3% of patients. The risk factors include delayed immune reconstitution, prolonged neutropenia, and graft-versus-host disease. The most common site of infection is the lung, followed by the brain and the skin. Concomitant pulmonary and central nervous system (CNS) nocardiosis is an extremely rare entity as presented in our case. We present the case of a 72-year-old male at 137 days post transplant presenting with complaints of headache and slurred speech. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain scan revealed two ring-enhancing lesions: 1.6 cm in the right frontal lobe and 1 cm in the left parietal lobe. The patient had an outpatient computed tomography (CT) chest scan a month prior showing a 1.4 cm solid right upper lobe nodule prompting bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) that was nondiagnostic. On repeat inpatient CT chest scan, the nodule had increased in size to 3.3 x 2.5 x 2.1 cm, prompting a percutaneous fine-needle aspiration biopsy. He was started on empiric trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) and liposomal amphotericin B. The tissue mycology and acid-fast cultures were reported positive for nocardia species. The patient was discharged on intravenous TMP-SMX. A follow-up CT chest scan and MRI brain scan four months later showed resolution of the right upper lobe nodule and significant decrease in size of the brain lesions. The patient will continue TMP-SMX for a total of nine to 12 months. Given the increase in transplant recipients and the ongoing risk of developing nocardiosis several months post transplant, there is a need for standardized diagnostic and treatment guidelines. Meanwhile, our case highlights the importance of aggressiveness in pursuing a prompt diagnosis including invasive procedures, if required, in order to begin specific treatment. PMID:27904816

  4. Spontaneous Rupture of Pyometra in a Nonpregnant Young Woman

    PubMed Central

    Mostafa-Gharabaghi, Parvin; Bordbar, Shima

    2017-01-01

    A 40-year-old woman presented with severe vaginal bleeding. Initial workup with an abdominal sonography revealed endometrium for about 3 mm and free fluid in the abdomen. Hemodynamic instability with abdominal pain and free fluid in the abdomen prompted blood transfusion and laparotomy. There were about 1000 cc blood and clots in the abdomen at laparotomy. There was a longitudinal rupture from fundus up to cervix at the left side of the uterus. Tearing was in full thickness from serosa to endometrium. Scar of previous cesarean was transvers and not associated with this tearing. There was not any myomectomy scar. PMID:28299219

  5. Ischemic Monomeric Neuropathy in a Woman with Sickle Cell Anaemia

    PubMed Central

    Aiken, Laura; Linpower, Lisa; Tsitsikas, Dimitris A.

    2016-01-01

    Sickle cell disease is an inherited haemoglobinopathy that can affect multiple organs and systems. The most common neurological complication in sickle cell disease is stroke and silent cerebral infarcts. Peripheral nervous system involvement has been described but is exceedingly rare. Herein, we describe the case of a young woman who presented with acute flaccid paralysis and sensory loss of the left lower extremity in the context of a painful vasoocclusive crisis which resolved rapidly after receiving an emergency automated red cell exchange transfusion. PMID:27994894

  6. Spontaneous Rupture of Pyometra in a Nonpregnant Young Woman.

    PubMed

    Mostafa-Gharabaghi, Parvin; Bordbar, Shima; Vazifekhah, Shabnam; Naghavi-Behzad, Mohammad

    2017-01-01

    A 40-year-old woman presented with severe vaginal bleeding. Initial workup with an abdominal sonography revealed endometrium for about 3 mm and free fluid in the abdomen. Hemodynamic instability with abdominal pain and free fluid in the abdomen prompted blood transfusion and laparotomy. There were about 1000 cc blood and clots in the abdomen at laparotomy. There was a longitudinal rupture from fundus up to cervix at the left side of the uterus. Tearing was in full thickness from serosa to endometrium. Scar of previous cesarean was transvers and not associated with this tearing. There was not any myomectomy scar.

  7. [Cerebral venous thrombosis imagiologic features in a pregnant woman].

    PubMed

    Ferreira, Maria Madalena; Rios, Ana Cristina; Fragata, Isabel; Baptista, José Tiago; Manaças, Rui; Reis, João

    2011-01-01

    Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a relatively rare but serious condition potentially reversible upon accurate diagnosis and adequate therapy. The peri-partum state and pregnancy are predisposing factors and TVC accounts for about 6% of maternal deaths. Its clinical symptoms depend on the the thrombus site and extension, and also on the existing collateral vessels network. We present the case of a 33 year-old woman, 13 weeks pregnant, that complained of headaches and whose cranial magnetic resonance imaging revealed a subtotal oclusión of the superior sagittal sinus. We discuss the imaging features of dural venous thrombosis in the acute phase.

  8. Anti-NMDA Receptor Encephalitis in a Pregnant Woman.

    PubMed

    Kim, Jiyoung; Park, Seung Ha; Jung, Yu Ri; Park, Soon Won; Jung, Dae Soo

    2015-06-01

    Anti N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis is one of the most common types of autoimmune synaptic encephalitis. Anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis commonly occurs in young women with ovarian teratoma. It has variable clinical manifestations and treatment responses. Sometimes it is misdiagnosed as a psychiatric disorder or viral encephalitis. To the best of our knowledge, anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis is a rare condition in pregnant women. We report a case of anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis in a pregnant woman who presented with abnormal behavior, epileptic seizure, and hypoventilation.

  9. A case of bovine ketoacidosis in a lactating woman

    PubMed Central

    Sandhu, Harminder S.; Michelis, Michael F.; DeVita, Maria V.

    2009-01-01

    A 36 year-old 5 weeks postpartum lactating woman presented to the emergency room with severe nausea and vomiting for 48 hours. The patient was found to be in non-diabetic ketoacidosis with a serum pH 6.9 and a HCO3 of <5mEq/L. This condition rapidly improved with the administration of intravenous dextrose and bicarbonate and with the cessation of breast feeding. The course and pathophysiology of the rarely described phenomenon of bovine ketosis in a human is discussed here. PMID:25984014

  10. A case of bovine ketoacidosis in a lactating woman.

    PubMed

    Sandhu, Harminder S; Michelis, Michael F; DeVita, Maria V

    2009-08-01

    A 36 year-old 5 weeks postpartum lactating woman presented to the emergency room with severe nausea and vomiting for 48 hours. The patient was found to be in non-diabetic ketoacidosis with a serum pH 6.9 and a HCO3 of <5mEq/L. This condition rapidly improved with the administration of intravenous dextrose and bicarbonate and with the cessation of breast feeding. The course and pathophysiology of the rarely described phenomenon of bovine ketosis in a human is discussed here.

  11. An unexpected cause for aplastic anaemia in an elderly woman.

    PubMed

    Phua, C K; Marimuthu, K; Teo, H Y; Ong, K H; Leo, Y S

    2013-02-01

    Aplastic anaemia is a rare clinical syndrome associated with diminished or absent precursors in the bone marrow. Acquired aplastic anaemia secondary to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is very rare. We present a 71-year-old woman with severe aplastic anaemia secondary to HIV infection, which was after extensive exclusion of other causes. She achieved undetectable viral load after 5 months of combination antiretroviral therapy but remains profoundly pancytopenic, complicated by recurrent infectious and bleeding complications. HIV infection should be considered in patients with pancytopenia.

  12. Mucinous Borderline Ovarian Tumor in Very Old Aged Postmenopausal Woman

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Seung-Hee; Lee, Hae-Hyeog; Lee, Arum; Kim, Yeon-Suk; Jeon, Dong-Su; Kwak, Jeong Ja; Yang, Yo-Sep

    2015-01-01

    Mucinous borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs) occur most often in women between the ages of 20 and 30. Early-stage detection of the condition has a more favorable prognosis. In this case report, the authors present an elderly 93-year old woman who visited our hospital due to severe abdominal pain after being diagnosed with a pelvic mass 2 years ago and not undergoing any treatment since the diagnosis was made. She underwent emergency left salpingo-oophorectomy and was diagnosed with mucinous BOT according to biopsy results. PMID:26793682

  13. Diagnosis and Treatment of Mucinous Appendiceal Neoplasm Presented as Acute Appendicitis

    PubMed Central

    Kehagias, Ioannis; Markopoulos, Georgios; Papandreou, Thanasis; Kraniotis, Pantelis

    2016-01-01

    Appendiceal mucocele is a rare cause of acute abdomen. Mucinous appendiceal neoplasms represent 0.2–0.7% of all appendix specimens. The aim of this study is to report a case of a mucinous appendiceal neoplasm presented as acute appendicitis, discussing the clinical and surgical approach in the emergency setting. A 72-year-old female patient was admitted to the emergency department with a clinical examination indicative of acute abdomen. The patient underwent abdominal computed tomography scan which revealed a cystic lesion in the right iliac fossa measuring 8.3 × 5.2 × 4.1 cm, with calcified walls, and a mean density indicative of high protein content. The patient was taken to the operating room and a right hemicolectomy was performed. The postoperative course was unremarkable. The histopathological examination revealed a low-grade mucinous appendiceal neoplasm with negative regional lymph nodes. Ultrasound and CT are useful in diagnosing appendiceal mucocele and synchronous cancers in the emergency setting. The initial operation should include appendectomy and resection of the appendicular mesenteric fat along with any fluid collection for cytologic examination. During urgent appendectomy it is important to consider every mucocele as malignant in order to avoid iatrogenic perforation causing pseudomyxoma peritonei. Although laparotomy is recommended, the laparoscopic approach is not contraindicated. PMID:27066284

  14. A Case of IgG4-Related Hypophysitis Presented with Hypopituitarism and Diabetes Insipidus.

    PubMed

    Harano, Yumi; Honda, Kazufumi; Akiyama, Yurika; Kotajima, Lisa; Arioka, Hiroko

    2015-01-01

    Immunoglobulin (Ig) G4-related systemic syndrome is a recently described entity characterized by elevated serum IgG4 and tissue infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells. Pituitary gland can be involved as hypophysitis. We report a case of a 72-year-old man, who presented with general fatigue and weakness. Laboratory tests revealed diabetes insipidus as well as hypopituitarism including adrenal insufficiency, hypogonadism, and hypothyroidism. His serum IgG4 was elevated. MR images showed enlargement of the pituitary stalk. Multiple nodules in bilateral kidneys were pointed out in the abdominal CT. Histological examination of the nodules showed increased IgG4-positive plasma cells. We diagnosed him with IgG4-related kidney disease and hypophysitis. After treatment with hydrocortisone, his symptoms improved. The follow-up images showed that almost all renal nodules disap-peared and his pituitary stalk was shrinking. Our case appears to be very sensitive to glucocorticoid and suggests the possibility of treating IgG4-related hypophysitis successfully with a lower dose of glucocorticoid.

  15. An Unusual Presentation of Gallstone Ileus: A Red-Herring or Missed Diagnosis

    PubMed Central

    Al-Mudares, Saif; Kurer, Mohamed; Koshy, Renol M.; El-Menyar, Ayman

    2016-01-01

    Patient: Male, 72 Final Diagnosis: Gallstone ileus Symptoms: — Medication: — Clinical Procedure: Laparotomy Specialty: Gastroenterology and Hepatology Objective: Unusual clinical course Background: Gallstone ileus is a rare complication of chronic calcular cholecystitis and an uncommon etiological entity responsible for mechanical intestinal obstruction. The most common obstructed part is the narrow terminal ileum, whereas the jejunum is rarely affected. The gallstone is postulated to reach the small bowel by gradual erosion from the gall bladder, most commonly into the duodenum, forming a cholecysto-duodenal fistula. Case Report: Herein, we report a 72-year-old male who presented with intestinal obstruction of a 5-day duration, with a clinical diagnosis of an irreducible inguinal hernia. However, the patient continued to be symptomatic following an uncomplicated hernioplasty. A computerized tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen revealed a small bowel lesion, which intra-operatively was confirmed to be an impacted gallstone in the jejunum with a cholecysto-duodenal fistula. Conclusions: Despite gallstone is uncommon cause of intestinal obstruction, a high index of suspicion with a careful CT scan interpretation is the key to the diagnosis, especially when there is a red-herring distracting the attention, like irreducible hernia in this case. PMID:27133032

  16. Battered woman syndrome: a critical review.

    PubMed

    Campbell, J C

    1990-12-01

    This article features a critical review of accumulated research and conceptual issues regarding Battered Woman Syndrome (BWS). BWS is recognized as important in providing legal defense to victims and as basis for diagnosis and treatment. However, there has been confusion as to the definition of BWS such as the use of violence committed against the woman as the defining characteristic. The study introduced by Walker demonstrated cycle of violence and learned helplessness to battered women. In addition, studies found out that BWS, manifested in a form of depression, low self-esteem, anxiety, physical symptoms, is evident in some abused women putting them at risk of suicide and homicide. Symptoms attributed to battering may also be a result of stress from a troubled relationship. The Learned Helplessness and Grief Theory (Campbell, 1989) explains the depression in battered women. Moreover, researchers are in disagreement of the factors that affect the level of trauma such as frequency of abuse, educational status and severity of sexual and emotional abuse. The issue on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and learned helplessness in BWS remained unresolved. Some researchers view battered women in the context of "survivors rather than victims". Furthermore, studies prove that battered women may experience stages of abuse where the manifestations of BWS are part of the steps to conflict resolution. Basing on these descriptions and findings, it is made clear that not all battered women experience BWS.

  17. [The first woman surgeons in the Netherlands].

    PubMed

    Mulder, M; De Jong, E

    1997-01-01

    This article describes the position of woman surgeons in the Netherlands. In 1913 the first woman, Heleen Robert, was accepted as member of the Dutch Society of Surgery. Three others, Jeanne Knoop, Frieda van Hasselt and Rosalie Wijnberg, followed during the next ten years. The nomination of Rosalie Wijnberg caused a turbulent discussion as she was working as a gynaecologist and not as a surgeon. One can wonder about this argument as other members were gynaecologists too. It seems that the male attitudes towards women were changing as more women entered the male dominated field. Nevertheless, from 1931 on, the year in which the registration of specialists was created, a number of women succeeded in obtaining a registration in surgery. Four of them were interviewed: dr. D.A.E. Norel, A.G. Wiersum-de Kwaadsteniet, J. Leeksma-Lievense and A.A. Fierstra. The general opinion still is that surgery is not a female profession. At the moment there are some twenty women working as general surgeon compared to a seven hundred men.

  18. The Needs of the Spanish Speaking Mujer [Woman] in Woman-Manpower Training Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nieto-Gomez, Anna

    Although the Spanish Speaking woman is usually considered to be outside the labor market, 36 percent of the 52 percent Spanish Speaking women were in the labor force in March 1972. These women suffer economic-sexist discrimination due to ascription of work according to sex and race by a racial-sexual hierarchy existing within the traditional…

  19. Preoperative Emboli in a Pregnant Woman with Myxoma

    PubMed Central

    Sabzi, Freidoun; Faraji, Reza

    2016-01-01

    The left atrium is the most common location of myxomas, which are benign tumors. Only a few cases of myxomas in pregnancies have been reported. Our thorough medical literature search showed only 17 reported cases in the course of pregnancy. Myxomas during pregnancy and in the preterm period constitute a serious phenomenon that can mimic an early sign of a life-threatening pathology like severe mitral stenosis. We describe a 33-year-old woman, who presented with acute dyspnea to a gynecology center and was referred to our hospital for further evaluation of pulmonary embolism. Transthoracic echocardiography showed a huge left atrial myxoma, and computed tomography scan illustrated paradoxical pulmonary embolism in the left upper lung lobe via a large patent foramen ovale. The tumor required urgent cardiac surgery. In this article, we review causes of dyspnea in pregnancy and the cardiovascular effects of myxomas in pregnancy. We also describe the pathophysiological effects of cardiopulmonary bypass on the mother, fetus, and the feto-placental system during open-heart surgery. We performed a successful surgical resection of a myxoma in a pregnant woman. Given the rarity of such cases, individual multidisciplinary assessment and management strategies are essential. PMID:27365558

  20. Progressive outer retinal necrosis: a missed diagnosis and a blind, young woman.

    PubMed

    Parekh, Parth; Oldfield, Edward C; Marik, Paul E

    2013-04-22

    We present a 33-year-old woman with a history significant for HIV/AIDS (CD4 count of 17) and diabetes mellitus who was diagnosed as having progressive outer retinal necrosis (PORN) after presenting with peripheral vision loss. This case provided a diagnostic challenge and demonstrates the devastating effects of a misdiagnosis as it pertains to PORN.

  1. A 31-year-old pregnant woman with angioedema.

    PubMed

    Speck, Aimee L; Killen, Paul D; Greenhawt, Matthew J

    2015-01-01

    Angioedema is swelling of the deep layers of the dermis and subcutaneous tissue due to an increase in vascular permeability. Angioedema sometimes occurs concomitantly with urticaria and represents an allergic disease. In other cases, angioedema is not associated with an allergic condition. We present the case of a 31-year-old woman with new-onset angioedema in the setting of her first pregnancy. After detailed history, physical examination, and laboratory evaluation, a cause for her angioedema was found that had not been considered previously and had significant implications for future management, particularly in light of her current pregnancy. Because allergists are commonly called on to evaluate and treat angioedema, we should be aware of the many disease processes that can present with this symptom and be well-versed in the workup of new-onset angioedema.

  2. An elderly woman with Prevotella bacteraemia secondary to pyometra

    PubMed Central

    Guerrero, Patricia Perez; Zamorano, Marina Martin; Trujillo, Ignacio Garcia; Gonzalez, Jose Antonio Giron

    2009-01-01

    An 87-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with sepsis and foetid vaginal discharge. She presented an abdominal mass that had been present for the last 20 years, refused diagnostic or therapeutic procedures. A computed tomography scan detected a uterine body with multiple calcifications and an internal collection of 10 cm. No other infectious sources were apparent. A tentative diagnostic of pyometra was made and empiric antibiotic treatment was initiated. A hysteroscopy was performed with incomplete drainage of purulent material, due to important vaginal atrophy. In both blood and vaginal fluid cultures Prevotella spp. was isolated. Clinical evolution was favourable with metronidazole. The patient refused a hysterectomy or other surgical drainages, and she was discharged from hospital with oral antibiotics. The patient underwent antibiotic therapy during 1 month; 1 week after finishing this treatment, the patient died. The characteristics of clinical evolution in these last days were not known. PMID:21686575

  3. Autoimmune diseases in a Nigerian woman--a case report.

    PubMed

    Talabi, O A; Owolabi, M O; Osotimehin, B O

    2003-12-01

    Autoimmune diseases (AD) are conditions in which there is the development of antibodies against self cells/ organs. AD could either be organ-specific or non-organ specific (systemic) in clinical presentation. Commonly reported ADs includes: Myasthenia gravis, Hashimoto thyroiditis, Guillian-Barre syndrome, vitiligo, type 1 diabetes mellitus, Graves diseases, Goodpastures syndrome, pemphigus, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosis, Addisons disease, multiple sclerosis, pernicious anaemia, autoimmune haemolytic anaemia, chronic active hepatitis, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. There is paucity of locally documented information on the occurrence of AD in same patient in our environment. We therefore report the case of a 66 year old woman who presented at the University College Hospital (UCH), Ibadan, with a spectrum of the AD, Vitiligo, rheumatoid arthritis, myasthenia gravis, impaired glucose tolerance.

  4. Caring for the woman with acute fatty liver of pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Holub, Karen; Camune, Barbara

    2015-01-01

    Acute fatty liver of pregnancy, although rare, is usually a third trimester of pregnancy occurrence that may be life threatening for both the pregnant woman and the fetus. Often, the onset resembles gastroenteritis or cholecystitis and correct diagnosis is delayed. Because it can also present with preeclampsia and eclampsia, it may be mistakenly diagnosed as hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelet syndrome. This article presents diagnostic differences between liver conditions that can complicate pregnancy and management strategies for treating and maintaining the well-being of pregnant women, fetuses, and infants who are affected by acute fatty liver of pregnancy. Early recognition and rapid intervention from antepartum diagnosis through delivery and the postpartum period are required by the nursing team and medical providers to reduce maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality.

  5. Atrial Septal Defect in a Very Old Woman

    PubMed Central

    Pinho, Elika; Gomes, Andre Amaral; Silva, Maria Joao; Torres, Tiago Pinheiro; Coelho, Andreia; Almeida, Pedro Bernardo; Lourenco, Patricia; Bettencourt, Paulo

    2013-01-01

    Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) is one of the most frequently congenital heart diseases in adults and it is often asymptomatic until adulthood. We report a case of a 90-year-old woman admitted to hospital with dyspnea and orthopnea insidiously progressing over the preceding 5 years and becoming severe with dyspnea on minimal activities, orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, in the last 2 weeks. The transthoracic echocardiogram revealed an atrial septal defect ostium secundum type, with left-to-right shunt, moderate to severe tricuspid insufficiency, severe pulmonary hypertension (72 mmHg) and preserved biventricular function. With diuretic therapy optimization the patient showed symptomatic improvement. This present case represents and unusual and very late presentation of an atrial septal defect ostium secundum type, which is usually diagnosed at the mild adult age. Our patient lived symptom-free for over 80 years.

  6. Intracerebral haemorrhage and hemiplegia with heterotopic ossification of the affected hip.

    PubMed

    O'Brien, M M C; Murray, T; Keeling, F; Williams, D

    2015-08-04

    We present the case of a 72-year-old woman who developed right hemiparesis following a left frontal intraparenchymal haemorrhage. Three months following initial presentation, the patient noted poorly localised right lower quadrant pain. Following extensive investigations, a diagnosis of heterotopic ossification of the hip was made. We discuss the aetiology and pathogenesis of this uncommon entity, and discuss its relationship to ipsilateral neurological injury. The link with neurological injury can result in a delayed and atypical presentation. Early recognition and treatment are important for those caring for patients with acquired neurological deficits, and permit improved patient outcomes.

  7. Solitary Eccrine Syringofibroadenoma and Successful Treatment with Cryotherapy.

    PubMed

    Ozkaya, Dilek Biyik; Su, Ozlem; Bahalı, Anıl Gülsel; Topukçu, Bugce; Dizman, Didem; Tosuner, Zeynep; Demirkesen, Cuyan; Onsun, Nahide

    2016-05-01

    First described in 1963, eccrine syringofibroadenoma (ESFA) is a rare benign tumor that proliferates with differentiation toward ductal eccrine structures. There are many clinical presentations, including plaques, papules, verrucous plaques, keratotic tumors, and solitary tumors. The age of onset varies, with presentation between 16 and 80 years; however, solitary lesions are seen most commonly in the seventh and eighth decades. Here, we present the case of a 72-year-old woman referred to our outpatient clinic with a nodule on her leg. The histopathology result was ESFA. The lesion regressed after six cryotherapy sessions. Physicians should consider the possibility of ESFA and must remember its malignant potential in elderly patients.

  8. Emotions, fertility, and the 1940s woman.

    PubMed

    Epstein, Randi Hutter

    2003-01-01

    This paper looks at the ways that women's reproductive issues, particularly sterility, were explained during the post-World War II period. In the absence of a clear physiological basis, sterility was depicted as a product of psychoanalytic causes rooted in women's psychology. When women were yearning for a reason for their infertility and desperate for effective treatments, a psychoanalytic framework treated deficiencies lurking in the field of infertility. Framing infertility within a psychiatric construct influenced how women were treated by their medical specialists and how they were perceived by a public that expected married women to reproduce. An infertile woman was already considered a failure by society. By establishing her illness within the context of her own repressed desires, she was no longer an unwitting victim, but a culprit.

  9. The contraception needs of the perimenopausal woman.

    PubMed

    Hardman, Sarah M R; Gebbie, Ailsa E

    2014-08-01

    Perimenopausal women have low fertility but must still be advised to use contraception until natural sterility is reached if they are sexually active. Patterns of contraceptive use vary in different countries worldwide. Long-acting reversible contraceptive methods offer reliable contraception that may be an alternative to sterilisation. Hormonal methods confer significant non-contraceptive benefits, and each individual woman should weigh up the benefits and risks of a particular method. No method of contraception is contraindicated by age alone, although combined hormonal contraception and injectable progestogens are not recommended for women over the age of 50 years. The intrauterine system has particular advantages as a low-dose method of effective hormonal contraception, which also offers control of menstrual dysfunction and endometrial protection in women requiring oestrogen replacement. Condoms are recommended for personal protection against sexually transmitted infections in new relationships. Standard hormone replacement therapy is not a method of contraception.

  10. [Cystic fibrosis in a woman aged seventy].

    PubMed

    Ras, Janneke E; van Velzen, Edwin; van Berkhout, Ferdinand Teding; van den Brand, Joop J G

    2010-01-01

    A seventy-year-old woman was admitted to hospital with a Staphylococcus aureus respiratory tract infection. She had a history of extensive bronchiectasis and allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA). Cystic fibrosis (CF) was suspected and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene analysis showed F508del and R117H-7T mutations. In these mutations there is residual activity in the chloride channel in the cell membrane coded by the CFTR gene. This results in a much milder disease pattern varying from no disease at all to isolated organ disease. This type of disease is known as non-classical cystic fibrosis. In our patient the diagnosis of cystic fibrosis was made exceptionally late in life.

  11. Collins named First Woman Shuttle Commander

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Showstack, Randy

    Just a few hours after NASA revealed that there is water ice on the Moon, U.S. First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton introduced Air Force Lieutenant Colonel Eileen Collins to a packed auditorium at Dunbar Senior High School in Washington, D.C., as the first woman who will command a NASA space shuttle mission. With students at this school, which is noted for its pre-engineering program, cheering, Clinton said that Collins' selection “is one big step forward for women and one giant step for humanity.” Clinton added, “It doesn't matter if you are a boy or a girl, you can be an astronaut or a pilot, if you get a first-rate education in math and science.”

  12. First description of a sporadic breast cancer in a woman with BRCA1 germline mutation

    PubMed Central

    Curtit, Elsa; Benhamo, Vanessa; Gruel, Nadège; Popova, Tatiana; Manie, Elodie; Cottu, Paul; Mariani, Odette; Stoppa-Lyonnet, Dominique; Pivot, Xavier; Stern, Marc-Henri; Vincent-Salomon, Anne

    2015-01-01

    We describe the case of a woman carrying a germline pathogenic BRCA1 mutation diagnosed with a breast cancer overexpressing HER2. Clinical presentation of the tumor, HER2-positivity, genomic profile and loss of the mutated BRCA1 allele in tumor evidence that BRCA1 is not inactivated in this breast cancer. It represents the first biological demonstration for the existence of a sporadic HER2-positive breast cancer independent from BRCA loss of function in a woman carrier of a deleterious BRCA1 mutation. In a context where targeted therapies based on BRCA loss of function in the tumor are developed, such case could have direct implications. PMID:26426992

  13. Pudendal Neuralgia as the Initial Manifestation of Infiltrative Sacrococcygeal Chordoma

    PubMed Central

    Carrasco García de León, Sira; Flores Barragán, José Manuel; Villasanti Rivas, Natalia

    2016-01-01

    Sacrococcygeal chordoma is a malignant tumour originating from remnants of the notochord. Chordomas are slow-growing tumours whose symptoms develop insidiously. We present the case of a 72-year-old woman with a 6-month history of genital pain radiating to the perianal area and exacerbating when she was in a sitting position. MRI and PET studies revealed a large mass in the sacrococcygeal region causing bone destruction and invasion of neurovascular structures. The immunohistochemical study of the surgical specimen determined it to be chordoma. This is the first published case of pudendal neuralgia as a form of presentation of sacrococcygeal chordoma. PMID:27721781

  14. Hot water epilepsy in a pregnant woman: a case report.

    PubMed

    Milanlıoğlu, Aysel; Tombul, Temel; Sayın, Refah

    2010-01-01

    Hot water epilepsy is a unique form of reflex epilepsy precipitated by the stimulus of bathing with hot water poured over the head. It is mostly seen in infants and children, with a predominance in males. Unlikely, we present a 32-year-old pregnancy woman with the incipient of reflex seizures triggered by pouring hot water over the head while having a bath during the gestation period and treated successfully with carbamazepine 400 mg/day therapy. Hot water epilepsy is known as a benign and self-limited reflex epilepsy, by firstly avoiding hot water or long showers and secondly using intermittent benzodiazepines or conventional antiepileptic drugs, may be sufficient to be seizure-free.

  15. Hot Water Epilepsy in a Pregnant Woman: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Milanlıoğlu, Aysel; Tombul, Temel; Sayın, Refah

    2010-01-01

    Hot water epilepsy is a unique form of reflex epilepsy precipitated by the stimulus of bathing with hot water poured over the head. It is mostly seen in infants and children, with a predominance in males. Unlikely, we present a 32-year-old pregnancy woman with the incipient of reflex seizures triggered by pouring hot water over the head while having a bath during the gestation period and treated successfully with carbamazepine 400 mg/day therapy. Hot water epilepsy is known as a benign and self-limited reflex epilepsy, by firstly avoiding hot water or long showers and secondly using intermittent benzodiazepines or conventional antiepileptic drugs, may be sufficient to be seizure-free. PMID:21209736

  16. Dorrit Hoffleit: A Century of being a Woman in Astronomy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hoffleit, Dorrit; Gay, P. L.

    2006-12-01

    From working as one of Harlan J. Smith's female calculators in 1928 to running Maria Mitchell Observatory in 1957 to being an emeritus research scientist at Yale University today, Dr. Dorrit Hoffleit has been a professional woman in astronomy for 78 years and an astronomy lover for a century. She has faced both accolades, starting with the Carolyn Wilby Prize in 1938 for her dissertation work, as well as discrimination, most notably being hired at the Aberdeen Proving Ground at a sub-professional rating during WWII. Through both good and bad, she kept her eye on the stars, and her focus on doing the best work she could. In this presentation, Dr. Hoffleit reflects on her experiences and her inspirations in an video-interview. Additionally, archival film provided by the AAVSO will be shown.

  17. Aortic dissection accompanied by preeclampsia in a postpartum young woman

    PubMed Central

    Park, Jin-Wan; Kim, Su-Mi; Yu, Gyu-Bong

    2016-01-01

    Aortic dissection is very rare in obstetrics, but it is a fatal disease. A 37-weeks primigravida woman with dyspnea and pitting edema presented to our emergency room. The patient was diagnosed with preeclampsia and underwent an emergency cesarean section under spinal anesthesia. The patient complained of severe dyspnea after the cesarean section, and the chest computed tomography scan was done. With the finding of aortic dissection, cardiopulmonary arrest occurred 5 hours after the cesarean section, and the patient died without reaction to cardio-pulmonary resuscitation. If a patient with preeclampsia complains of severe dyspnea or chest pain, aortic dissection needs to be suspected and a diagnosis should not be delayed. PMID:27668205

  18. Marked hypertriglyceridemia in a woman receiving metoprolol succinate.

    PubMed

    Kim, Yeunjung; Miller, Michael

    2014-01-01

    β-blockers are commonly used therapies after acute myocardial infarction and in the management of congestive heart failure and hypertension. We report a case of a middle-aged woman with a history of mild hypertension who was placed on metoprolol succinate. Before initiation of the β-blocker, her triglyceride level was in the borderline-high range (150-199 mg/dL). On treatment, her triglyceride levels exceeded 1000 mg/dL. She developed fatigue and mild abdominal discomfort but without biochemical evidence of pancreatitis. After discontinuation of metoprolol succinate, her triglyceride levels receded. This case illustrates an uncommon side effect with a very commonly used therapy in clinical practice. Clinicians should closely evaluate medications and/or other therapies in patients presenting with new-onset hypertriglyceridemia especially when levels are sufficiently elevated to pose increased risk of pancreatitis.

  19. Sternal stress fracture in a middle-aged woman.

    PubMed

    Lee, Justin; Fields, Karl Bertrand

    2017-02-07

    A middle-aged premenopausal woman presented with 3 months of right chest wall pain after beginning a new weight training programme. Examination was significant only for mild-to-moderate tenderness to palpation over the right pectoral muscle and sternoclavicular joint. In-office musculoskeletal ultrasound scan, chest X-ray and shoulder X-rays were unremarkable. Subsequent MRI of the chest wall showed oedema in the sternum at the level of the sternoclavicular joint consistent with a sternal stress fracture. She was started on calcium and vitamin D supplementation and told to rest for 6 weeks. After this she began to gradually increase her activity and was pain free after 4 months.

  20. Women on Their Way Survival Kit: A Guide for the Woman Entering College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snider, Patricia A.; Valente, Patricia L.

    Information and suggestions are presented in this guide to assist the re-entering female student in her adjustment to college. First, the guide looks at reasons for attending college and provides an overview of some of the barriers and problems to be overcome by a woman with a family who has been away from school for some time. Some of the…

  1. Adenosarcoma ovarii in a 51-year-old woman: case report.

    PubMed

    Garalejić, E; Arsić, B; Perović, M; Vasiljević, M; Usaj, S K; Stanojević, D

    2012-01-01

    This case report presents a 51-year-old woman with an adenosarcoma of ovarian origin which is a very rare tumor. She came for consultation due to abnormal vaginal bleeding. The case also illustrates the difficulty of its correct diagnosis and discusses the possible reasons of wrong preoperative and intraoperative diagnosis.

  2. Effects of a Youth Culture on Feelings and Attitudes of the Middle Woman.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffman, Florence Perkell

    To determine the relationship between attitudes and feelings of the middle woman, aged 35-55, and the present youth culture, both intrapsychic factors and environmental conditioning, as well as historic/cultural reasons were examined, using an attitudinal survey, administered to a sample population of middle to upper class suburban women.…

  3. You Can Be a Woman Egyptologist. Careers in Archaeology, Part I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryan, Betsy Morrell; Cohen, Judith Love

    This booklet stresses the value of various academic studies (e.g., history, language, art, archaeology) as prerequisites for a career in Egyptology, by depicting real women whose careers provide inspirational role models. The first section is a text designed for use by elementary students and presents the career of Egyptology from a woman's point…

  4. [A 35-year-old woman with fever, dyspnea, and pain in the left thigh].

    PubMed

    Picardi, A; Navajas, F; De Iorio, F; Amicarelli, M; Spoto, S; De Galasso, L; Vespaciani Gentilucci, U; Scarlata, S; Zardi, E; Di Cuonzo, G

    2001-01-01

    A thirty-five years old woman during her twelfth pregnancy presented fever and pain at the left thigh. After cesarean delivery dyspnea added to the first two symptoms and pulmonary embolism was suspected. A clinical history revaluation suggested a diagnosis of infectious endocarditis and femoural osteomielitis due to a septic embolus.

  5. 'Here's the Weavery Looming Up': Verbal Humour in a Woman with High-Functioning Autism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Werth, Abigail; Perkins, Michael; Boucher, Jill

    2001-01-01

    A case study of a 29-year-old woman with high functioning autism is presented. Examples of her use of puns, jokes, neologisms, "portmanteau" words, irreverent humor, irony, sarcasm, and word play based on her obsessional interests are provided and discussed in relation to current theories of autism and of normal humor. (Contains references.)…

  6. Severely calcified leiomyoma of broad ligament in a postmenopausal woman: Report of a rare case

    PubMed Central

    Pal, Subrata; Mondal, Sajeeb; Mondal, Palash Kr; Raychaudhuri, Gargi; Pradhan, Rajashree; Banerjee, Suparna

    2016-01-01

    Calcified broad ligament leiomyoma is a rare benign lesion in postmenopausal age group. It causes diagnostic confusion with solid calcified adnexal mass and large bladder calculi at the pelvic region. Clinical and radiological diagnoses were confirmed by histopathology of the hysterectomy specimen. We hereby present a case of heavily calcified broad ligament fibroid in a postmenopausal woman. PMID:27721644

  7. Management of labor and delivery in a woman with Morquio syndrome.

    PubMed

    Delgado, C; Kent, C; Sedensky, M; Ciliberto, C; Landau, R

    2015-11-01

    Morquio syndrome, a congenital mucopolysaccharidosis, presents several challenges for the provision of effective labor analgesia. We report the case of a woman admitted for induction of labor who received an early epidural and subsequently required cesarean delivery. Optimal bilateral labor analgesia was not achieved despite multiple adjustments, and systemic analgesia was needed for cesarean delivery.

  8. The responsibility objection to abortion: rejecting the notion that the responsibility objection successfully refutes a woman's right to choose.

    PubMed

    McDaniel, Ian

    2015-05-01

    This article considers the objection to abortion that a woman who voluntarily engages in sexual activity is responsible for her fetus and so cannot have an abortion. The conclusion argued for is that the conceptions of responsibility that can ground the objection that are considered do not necessitate a requirement on the part of a pregnant woman to carry her pregnancy to term. Thus, the iterations of the responsibility objection presented cannot be used to curtail reproductive choice.

  9. Lakota Woman: Authentic Culture on Film or Exploitation?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Merritt, Judy

    1994-01-01

    Reviews the movie "Lakota Woman," the story of Mary Crow Dog, a young woman who gave birth to her first child during the American Indian Movement's occupation of Wounded Knee, South Dakota, in 1973. Although the majority of the crew and cast were Native Americans, many subtleties and nuances of American Indian culture were overlooked.…

  10. Familial aortic coarctation: a rare cause of refractory hypertension in the elderly: a case report.

    PubMed

    Lara-Rojas, Carmen M; Bernal-Lopez, M Rosa; Lopez-Carmona, M Dolores; Gomez-Huelgas, Ricardo

    2015-01-01

    We report the first case of late presentation of familial aortic coarctation, a rare cause of hypertension. Diagnosis of familial aortic coarctation in the elderly is exceptional, given that in the absence of endovascular or surgical repair patients do not usually survive beyond 50 years of age. Our case concerns a 72-year-old woman with hypertension of long evolution, control of which improved markedly after endovascular repair of the coarctation. Her son had undergone surgery for repair of aortic coarctation at the age of 23 years.

  11. Bleomycin Sclerotherapy for Severe Symptomatic and Persistent Pelvic Lymphocele

    PubMed Central

    Fernandes, Ana Sofia; Costa, Antónia; Mota, Raquel; Paiva, Vera

    2014-01-01

    Background. Pelvic lymphoceles are frequently described as a complication of pelvic lymphadenectomy performed for surgical staging of gynaecologic malignancies. Case Report. A 72-year-old woman presented with severe symptomatic and refractory lymphocele associated with persistent lower limb lymphedema and recurrent erysipelas. After four CT fluoroscopy scan guided percutaneous catheter drainages, the lymphocele complicated with infection finally resolved with two sessions of bleomycin sclerotherapy. Conclusion. Symptomatic persistent lymphoceles require treatment and nowadays the first option is interventional radiologic procedures. Bleomycin is a safe and effective sclerosing agent and therefore should be regarded as a first-line treatment choice. PMID:25105040

  12. Medulloblastoma in an elderly patient: A case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Liang, Bo; Feng, Enshan; Wang, Qinghe; Cao, Yang; Li, Peiliang; Li, Yanbin; Sun, Jidian; Wang, Fang

    2016-01-01

    Medulloblastoma is the most common central nervous system malignancy in children; however, it is significantly less common among adults, particularly elderly individuals. We herein report an unusual case of a 72-year-old woman who presented with progressive dizziness. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a heterogeneous solid mass located near the right tentorium of the cerebellum. The patient underwent surgical removal of the tumor and microscopic examination revealed histological and immunohistochemical characteristics consistent with a diagnosis of medulloblastoma. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first complete report on the oldest medulloblastoma patient in China. PMID:27588198

  13. [Acute pulmonary edema secondary to acute upper airway obstruction].

    PubMed

    Sánchez-Ortega, J L; Carpintero-Moreno, F; Olivares-López, A; Borrás-Rubio, E; Alvarez-López, M J; García-Izquierdo, A

    1992-01-01

    We report a 72 years old woman with mild arterial hypertension and no other pathological history who presented an acute pulmonary edema due to acute obstruction of the upper airway secondary to vocal chord paralysis developing during the immediate postoperative phase of thyroidectomy. The acute pulmonary edema resolved after application of tracheal reintubation, mechanical ventilation controlled with end expiratory positive pressure, diuretics, morphine, and liquid restriction. We discuss the possible etiopathogenic possibilities of this infrequent clinical picture and we suggest that all patients who suffered and acute obstruction of the upper airways require a careful clinical surveillance in order to prevent the development of the pulmonary syndrome.

  14. Skin discolouration with acute onset parkinsonism secondary to systemic zirconium intoxication.

    PubMed

    Ryu, Hwa J; Yoon, Su J; Park, Jong-Tae; Kim, Young H; Jung, Jin M; Park, Moon-Ho; Rhyu, Im J; Kwon, Do-Young

    2014-01-01

    A 72-year-old woman presented with suspected parkinsonism and discolouration of the skin especially on sun-exposed areas. Thorough investigation revealed systemic zirconium intoxication due to intake of metallic colloids as a home remedy as a cause of the skin colour change. There may be an association between skin discolouration and her parkinsonism. This is unique in that various clinical manifestations developed following systemic ingestion of zirconium and this should serve as a warning on the risk of taking illicit dietary supplements.

  15. Extrauterine epithelioid trophoblastic tumor in hysterectomized woman

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Ji-Hye; Lee, Sun Kyung; Hwang, Soo Hyun; Kim, Jung-Sun; Yoon, Gun; Lee, Yoo-Young; Kim, Tae-Joong; Choi, Chel Hun; Kim, Byoung-Gie; Bae, Duk-Soo

    2017-01-01

    Epithelioid trophoblastic tumor (ETT) is a very rare variant of gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) which arises in reproductive age women with prior gestational history. Although abnormal vaginal bleeding is the most common symptom of ETT, there are no reported pathognomonic symptoms of ETT because of its rarity. ETT is similar to placental site trophoblastic tumor in terms of its slow growing characteristic and microscopic findings. Therefore, it could be misdiagnosed as placental site trophoblastic tumor or other types of GTD. Unlike other types of GTD, primary treatment of ETT is surgical resection because of its chemo-resistant nature. Accordingly, immunohistochemical staining is essential for accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Here, we report a case of a 42-year-old hysterectomized woman with pelvic masses who suffered from abdominal pain. Through laparotomy, tumors were resected completely and they were diagnosed as ETT through immunohistochemical stain. This report provides more evidence about its clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment including a brief review of the literature. PMID:28217684

  16. Woman to Woman: Coming Together for Positive Change--Using Empowerment and Popular Education to Prevent HIV in Women

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romero, Lisa; Wallerstein, Nina; Lucero, Julie; Fredine, Heidi Grace; Keefe, Joanna; O'Connell, JoAnne

    2006-01-01

    HIV risk is the product of social, cultural, economic, and interpersonal forces that create sex-role definitions and expectations that can lead to gender inequalities in health. Woman to Woman: Coming Together for Positive Change is an HIV/AIDS prevention intervention that takes into account that choices and actions may be constrained by poverty,…

  17. Appendiceal taeniasis presenting like acute appendicitis.

    PubMed

    Sartorelli, Alesso Cervantes; da Silva, Márcia Guimarães; Rodrigues, Maria Aparecida Marchesan; da Silva, Reinaldo José

    2005-09-01

    A case of parasitic appendicitis caused by Taenia sp. in a 28-year-old woman from Brazil is reported. Histopathological data and a description of the helminthe found in the appendix lumen are presented.

  18. Depression and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Women with Vulvodynia: Evidence from the Population-Based Woman to Woman Health Study

    PubMed Central

    Harlow, Siobán D.; Reed, Barbara D.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Psychological disorders may affect the pain experience of women with vulvodynia, but evidence remains limited. The present study aimed to describe the magnitude of the association of depression and posttraumautic stress disorder (PTSD) with the presence of vulvodynia in a nonclinical population from southeastern Michigan. Methods: Baseline data from 1,795 women participating in the Woman to Woman Health Study, a multiethnic population-based study, was used for this analysis. Validated screening questionnaires were conducted to assess vulvodynia, depression, and PTSD. Modified Poisson regression models with a robust variance estimation were used to estimate prevalence ratios (PR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the association between vulvodynia status and two mental health conditions, depression and PTSD. Results: In the adjusted models, women who screened positive for depression had a 53% higher prevalence of having vulvodynia (PR=1.53; 95% CI: 1.12, 2.10) compared with women who screened negative for depression. Women who screened positive for PTSD had more than a two-fold increase in the prevalence of having vulvodynia (PR=2.37; 95% CI: 1.07, 5.25) compared with women who screened negative for PTSD. Conclusions: The increased prevalence of vulvodynia among those screening positive for depression or PTSD suggests that these disorders may contribute to the likelihood of reporting vulvodynia. Alternatively, vulvodynia, depression, and PTSD may have a common pathophysiological and risk profile. Prospective studies are needed to improve our understanding of the temporal relation between mental health conditions and vulvar pain. PMID:25950702

  19. An anatomically realistic whole-body pregnant-woman model and specific absorption rates for pregnant-woman exposure to electromagnetic plane waves from 10 MHz to 2 GHz

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nagaoka, Tomoaki; Togashi, Toshihiro; Saito, Kazuyuki; Takahashi, Masaharu; Ito, Koichi; Watanabe, Soichi

    2007-11-01

    The numerical dosimetry of pregnant women is an important issue in electromagnetic-field safety. However, an anatomically realistic whole-body pregnant-woman model for electromagnetic dosimetry has not been developed. Therefore, we have developed a high-resolution whole-body model of pregnant women. A new fetus model including inherent tissues of pregnant women was constructed on the basis of abdominal magnetic resonance imaging data of a 26-week-pregnant woman. The whole-body pregnant-woman model was developed by combining the fetus model and a nonpregnant-woman model that was developed previously. The developed model consists of about 7 million cubical voxels of 2 mm size and is segmented into 56 tissues and organs. This pregnant-woman model is the first completely anatomically realistic voxel model that includes a realistic fetus model and enables a numerical simulation of electromagnetic dosimetry up to the gigahertz band. In this paper, we also present the basic specific absorption rate characteristics of the pregnant-woman model exposed to vertically and horizontally polarized electromagnetic waves from 10 MHz to 2 GHz.

  20. The reasonable woman standard: effects on sexual harassment court decisions.

    PubMed

    Perry, Elissa L; Kulik, Carol T; Bourhis, Anne C

    2004-02-01

    Some federal courts have used a reasonable woman standard rather than the traditional reasonable man or reasonable person standard to determine whether hostile environment sexual harassment has occurred. The current research examined the impact of the reasonable woman standard on federal district court decisions, controlling for other factors found to affect sexual harassment court decisions. Results indicated that there was a weak relationship between whether a case followed a reasonable woman precedent-setting case and the likelihood that the court decision favored the plaintiff. The implications of our findings for individuals and organizations involved in sexual harassment claims are discussed.

  1. Rare Case of Retroperitoneal Lipomatosis in an Indian Woman

    PubMed Central

    Patil, Saurabh S; Shah, Vaibhav R; Choudhary, Vivek A

    2016-01-01

    Retroperitoneal lipomatosis is a rare but distinct clinicopathological entity characterized by non encapsulated lipoma development in the retroperitoneum. Presenting complaints in the early stages are vague, and patients with retroperitoneal lipomatosis are often misdiagnosed because considerable abnormality is not detected by abdomino-pelvic sonography. However, because of the progressive nature of this lesion, most patients eventually present with varying degrees of urinary outflow obstruction and end stage renal disease, or bladder malignancies in few cases. Here we report a case of a 35-year-old Indian woman presenting with complaints of diffuse lumps in the abdomen and constipation. Based on the findings of the imaging [sonography and computed tomography (CT) scan] studies, benign retroperitoneal lipomatosis was preopreratively diagnosed and a confirmatory exploratory laprotomy was performed. Furthermore, we discuss the imaging findings obtained using various radiological modalities such as plain radiographs, intravenous urography, barium enema, sonography, CT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We also discuss the etiopathogenesis, demographics, and various differential diagnoses of retroperitoneal lipomatosis. PMID:27200169

  2. Rare presentation of sebaceous hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Lester, Rachael A; Torgerson, Rochelle R; Sandhu, Nicole P

    2014-01-01

    A 23-year-old woman presented with an 8-month history of asymptomatic thickening of the central areola bilaterally and oily nipple discharge. On examination, there were yellowish-pink papules coalescing into plaques bilaterally. Biopsy showed ectopic sebaceous glands (Montgomery tubercles), known as bilateral areolar sebaceous hyperplasia. PMID:24759166

  3. Ondansetron Exposure Changes in a Pregnant Woman.

    PubMed

    Lemon, Lara S; Zhang, Hongfei; Hebert, Mary F; Hankins, Gary D; Haas, David M; Caritis, Steve N; Venkataramanan, Raman

    2016-09-01

    Pregnancy results in many physiologic changes that can alter the pharmacokinetic profiles of medications used during pregnancy. One of the primary factors leading to these pharmacokinetic changes is altered activity of drug-metabolizing enzymes. Ondansetron is a substrate of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 (primary metabolic pathway), 2D6, and 1A2, all of which are altered during pregnancy. We evaluated the pharmacokinetics of ondansetron at three different gestational time points in a 26-year-old, pregnant, Caucasian woman with normal liver and kidney function, who was maintained on ondansetron 8 mg administered orally 3 times/day throughout her pregnancy. Serial plasma samples were collected from the subject over one 8-hour dosing interval at 14, 24, and 35 weeks' gestation (representing early-, mid-, and late-pregnancy time points, respectively). Ondansetron plasma concentrations were determined using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Ondansetron area under the plasma concentration-time curve decreased progressively across gestation (634 ng hr/ml in early pregnancy, 553 ng hr/ml in mid-pregnancy, and 387 ng hr/ml in late pregnancy), with a corresponding increase in apparent oral clearance (12.6 L/hr in early-pregnancy, 14.5 L/hr in mid-pregnancy, and 20.7 L/hr in late-pregnancy). The decreased area under the plasma concentration-time curve and exposure to ondansetron across gestation is likely due to increased activity of CYP3A4 and CYP2D6 during pregnancy. We were not able to study this patient during the postpartum period; however, as with other CYP3A4 and CYP2D6 substrates, the apparent activities of these isoenzymes are likely return to baseline. To our knowledge, this is the first report to describe ondansetron pharmacokinetics across gestation. Additional pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic data are needed to confirm our results and to evaluate clinical impact; however, in the meantime, clinicians should be aware of these pharmacokinetic changes in

  4. 'Superbug' Resistant to All Antibiotics Killed Nevada Woman

    MedlinePlus

    ... gov/news/fullstory_163038.html 'Superbug' Resistant to All Antibiotics Killed Nevada Woman She died after possibly ... in September from a "superbug" infection that resisted all antibiotics, according to a report released Friday. The ...

  5. Minority Business Enterprises and Woman Business Enterprises Grant Utilization

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    The policy goal of the MBE/WBE Programs is to assure that minority business enterprises and woman business enterprises are given the opportunity to participate in contract and procurement for supplies, construction, equipment & services under any EPA grant

  6. 1. GENERAL VIEW, (the one with the woman at the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. GENERAL VIEW, (the one with the woman at the front door). Photocopy of December 1957 photo on file at Philadelphia Historical Commission - James Keen House, 946 South Front Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

  7. Woman-Centered Maternity Nursing Education and Practice

    PubMed Central

    Giarratano, Gloria

    2003-01-01

    The purpose of this Heideggerian phenomenological study was to uncover the meanings of the clinical experiences of registered nurses working in maternity settings after they studied maternity nursing from a woman-centered, feminist perspective in a generic baccalaureate nursing program. Purposeful sampling was conducted to locate and recruit nurses who had graduated from this nursing program between the December 1996 and December 1998 semesters and were currently working in a maternal-newborn clinical setting. Each participant had taken the required woman-centered, maternity-nursing course during her/his undergraduate education. Data collection included an individual, open-ended interview that focused on the nurses' descriptions of their everyday practices as maternity nurses. Nineteen maternal-newborn nurses between the ages of 23 and 43 years who had been in practice from six months to three years were interviewed. The constitutive patterns identified from the interviews were: “Otherness,” “Being and Becoming Woman-Centered,” and “Tensions in Practicing Woman-Centered Care.” Findings revealed that the nurses had a raised awareness of oppressive maternity care practices and applied ideology of woman-centeredness as a framework for providing more humanistic care. Creating woman-centered maternity care meant negotiating tensions and barriers in medically focused maternity settings and looking for opportunities for advocacy and woman-empowerment. The barriers the nurses faced in implementing woman-centered care exposed limitations to childbearing choices and nursing practices that remain problematic in maternity care. PMID:17273327

  8. Athletic fashion, "Punch," and the creation of the new woman.

    PubMed

    Collins, Tracy J R

    2010-01-01

    Between 1885-1900 "Punch" satirized the personality of the New Woman. However, virtually single-handedly it also gave a body and emancipated culture to this otherwise socially abstract personality. Using illustrations from "Punch," this essay argues that using sport specific clothing and equipment in its cartoons, "Punch" completely unintentionally created a liberating picture of women while simultaneously using its captions and border texts to make the New Woman's body signify the anxieties patriarchal culture had about her social personality and politics.

  9. Breast mass in a 69-year-old woman

    SciTech Connect

    Hermann, G.; Schwartz, I.S.; Slater, G.

    1986-02-21

    A 69-year-old woman was initially seen with constant abdominal pain in the epigastrium and right upper quadrant, with nausea and vomiting of three days' duration. On examination, moderate tenderness and guarding in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen were noted. A leukocytosis of 11,000/cu mm, with a mild shift to the left, was present. Findings from a sonogram and hepatobiliary scan were consistent with a diagnosis of acute cholecystitis for which intravenous (IV) antibiotic therapy was instituted. Results of radiological studies performed on the second hospital day showed a small-bowel obstruction. On surgical exploration, a gangrenous segment of the terminal ileum was resected and an end-to-end anastomosis was performed. The resected bowel demonstrated hemorrhagic infarction with evidence of focal organizing venous thrombosis in the mesentery. The patient was initially started on a regimen of IV heparin and then switched to oral coumarin. On the fourth day of coumarin therapy, massive swelling, tenderness, and erythema were noted to involve the entire right breast. Six months later, the patient was readmitted because of an acute pulmonary embolism. A residual 4x5-cm mass was present in the central portion of the right breast. The overlying skin was slightly retracted. Mammography showed an extensive masslike density behind the right nipple, with evidence of periareolar retraction. Coumarin-induced mammary necrosis was diagnosed.

  10. Unexplained weight loss in an 80-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Taylor, Imogen Aleksandra; Gill, Isaac; Harripaul, Azad

    2015-01-23

    An 80-year-old woman presented with long-standing history of weight loss and malnutrition, which had caused her to become reliant on the use of a wheelchair. Her symptoms were initially attributed to her medical comorbidities, however, during admission it became apparent that she had been suffering from depression and had gone on to develop an eating disorder. Eating disorders are most common in young adults but can affect all age groups, including the elderly population. The diagnosis is rarely considered in such patients and easily overlooked, especially when in the presence of chronic conditions and cognitive decline. A pre-existing psychiatric issue, most often depression, may also be present in this age group. There are no current treatment methods targeting patients in this population, who may not respond as effectively to the available strategies directed at young adults. It is important to always consider an eating disorder as a contributor or direct cause of unexplained weight loss in elderly patients.

  11. Osteonecrosis of both knees in a woman with Crohn's disease

    PubMed Central

    Barbosa, Mara; Cotter, José

    2016-01-01

    Osteonecrosis is a very rare complication of Crohn’s disease (CD). It is not clear if it is related to corticosteroid therapy or if it occurs as an extraintestinal manifestation of inflammatory bowel disease. We present the case of a patient with CD who presented with osteonecrosis of both knees. A 22 years old woman was diagnosed with CD in April 2012 (Montreal Classification A2L1 + L4B3p). She was started on prednisolone (40 mg/d), azathioprine (100 mg/d) and messalazine (3 g/d). In July 2012, due to active perianal disease, infliximab therapy was initiated. In September 2012, she had a pelvic abscess complicated by peritonitis and an ileal segmental resection and right hemicolectomy were performed. In December 2012 she was diagnosed with bilateral septic arthritis of both knees with walking impairment. She was treated with amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, started a physical rehabilitation program and progressively improved. However, then, bilateral knee pain exacerbated by movement developed. Magnetic resonance imaging showed multiple osseous medullary infarcts in the distal extremity of the femurs, proximal extremity of the tibiae and patellas and no signs of subchondral collapse, which is consistent with osteonecrosis. The patient recovered completely and maintains therapy with azathioprine and messalazine. A review of the literature is also done. PMID:27867692

  12. [Ethical dilemmas in medicine. The interruption of pregnancy in woman].

    PubMed

    Gual-Castro, Carlos

    2016-01-01

    Pregnancy interruption or abortion may be spontaneous or induced for medical, legal, demographic, and personal reasons. Different events that are present during the woman´s gravid period were described, paying attention to the differences in between fertilization and conception. These issues are very important because people or institutions mix these concepts and posit that pregnancy or conception starts at fertilization in opposition to the actual medical and scientific knowledge. In Mexico there are several millions of spontaneous and induced abortions without medical care, responsible for the high maternal-infant mortality rates. To avoid this undesirable situation, it has been proposed to follow the established WHO guidelines and adopt national health policies to re-orientate population goals on life quality, gender equity, universal public health services, and to promote the new holistic concepts of reproductive and sexual health such as: family planning, use of anti-fertility methods, adolescent reproductive health, sexually transmitted diseases, maternal and newborn health, peri- and post-menopausal women's health, and prevention, diagnosis, and opportune treatment of mammary, cervical-uterine, and ovarian cancers. Finally, it is recommended to revise our national health policies and existing laws on abortion de-penalization.

  13. The successful psychoanalytic therapy of a schizophrenic woman.

    PubMed

    Robbins, Michael

    2012-12-01

    The prevalent sociocultural belief about the psychoses and schizophrenia is that intensive psychoanalytic therapy is ineffective if not destructive and contraindicated, and that the treatment of choice is a combination of psychopharmacology and educational techniques designed to provide symptom relief and rehabilitation. The literature contains few detailed reports of successful intensive psychotherapy that might contradict these beliefs. The psychoanalytic psychotherapy of a woman I shall call Sara, who met DSM criteria for chronic paranoid schizophrenia, is presented in detail. Its success in bringing about a fundamental personality transformation from a seriously self-destructive state in which she was unable to care for herself to one in which she became a mature creative person is confirmed by a follow up two decades after termination. The therapy transpired over an 11-year period and was conducted for the most part four times per week. It was supported by numerous hospitalizations in the early years as well as pharmacotherapy which she was able to relinquish prior to termination. During treatment Sara separated both physically and psychologically from an undifferentiated destructive relationship with her mother, internalized the capacity to think and represent emotions, and integrated disparate elements of personality to form a cohesive self. She developed psychosexually and formed a mature gender identity. She achieved the capacity for intimacy and motherhood, and had a successful career.

  14. Virilising ovarian tumour in a woman with an adrenal nodule

    PubMed Central

    Rivera-Arkoncel, Maria Luisa Cecilia; Pacquing-Songco, Debby; Lantion-Ang, Frances Lina

    2010-01-01

    Androgen secreting tumours are the least commonly encountered androgen excess disorders, having a prevalence of 0.2%. Androblastomas of the ovary comprise less than 0.5% of all ovarian tumours. Pure Leydig cell tumours are very rare and almost always show secretion of male sex hormones. A 41-year-old multipara Filipino woman presented with a 2-year history of amenorrhoea and virilisation characterised by hirsutism, androgenic alopecia, masculine habitus and clitoromegaly. Diagnostic evaluation showed markedly elevated serum testosterone and normal dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate. Normal ovaries were seen on initial transvaginal ultrasound. A low dose dexamethasone suppression test suggested an ovarian source. A left adrenal nodule was seen on CT scan. Doppler transvaginal ultrasound revealed a solid lobulated structure in the right ovary. The patient underwent surgery and histopathology showed a Leydig cell tumour, hilar type. Serum testosterone levels normalised 3 days after surgery. Specific clinical and biochemical investigation of androgen secreting neoplasms is very important for correct diagnosis of these rare tumours. PMID:22802276

  15. A woman's attempt at a perverse solution and its failure.

    PubMed

    Chasseguet-Smirgel, J

    1988-01-01

    The Programme Committee of the Montreal Congress asked the author to present a case of perversion connected with traumas. Rather than speak about erotization of the effects of the trauma (death or castration anxiety transformed into a source of pleasure) the author relates the first 18 months of analysis of a young woman whose important narcissistic trauma, the result of an inadequate early relationship with her mother, is camouflaged by an avidity for sexual excitations. The aim is to transform narcissistic pain which cannot be worked through into sexuality for which release is possible. Sexuality becomes a means of expressing feelings of hate, revenge and triumph over the primary object. The ensuing perverse solution--an attempt to slip into the primal scene by identification with the sadistic penis--does not succeed. The author advances certain hypotheses concerning the mother-daughter relationship which seem to explain this failure and to explain too the absence of a stable perverse organization in women. There follows a longing to return to the womb, in the shape of the fantasied destruction of the contents of the mother's belly, expressed as the fantasy of the end of the world, and which the author labels as 'the archaic matrix of the Oedipus complex'.

  16. Peganum harmala L. Intoxication in a Pregnant Woman.

    PubMed

    Berdai, Mohamed Adnane; Labib, Smael; Harandou, Mustapha

    2014-01-01

    Peganum harmala L. is a plant widely distributed in the Mediterranean region. It is commonly used in traditional medicine in Morocco as sedative and abortifacient but exposes users to the risk of overdose and poisoning. The pharmacologically active compounds of this plant include a number of β -carboline and quinazoline alkaloids responsible of its pharmacological and toxicological effects. We report the case of a 24-year-old woman, 22 weeks pregnant, intoxicated with the seeds of Peganum harmala L. On admission, she had disturbance of consciousness, uterine contraction, and oliguria. Laboratory tests revealed renal failure and liver injury, and she benefited then from hemodialysis. During hospitalization, she was intubated after deterioration of consciousness and presented a spontaneous expulsion of the fetus. After extubation, she kept unusual sequelae: cerebellar ataxia and peripheral polyneuropathy. Physicians in regions using Peganum harmala L. as traditional medicine must be able to detect symptoms of its toxicity, in order to establish early gastrointestinal decontamination. The prognosis of this intoxication is variable; most cases can be managed successfully; but in high doses of intoxication, evolution can be fatal.

  17. [Oedema and haemorrhagic diathesis in a 50-year-old woman with thyrotoxicosis].

    PubMed

    Kozlov, A; Joeres, R; Braun, U

    2014-11-01

    We describe the case of a 50-year-old woman who presented with tachyarrhythmia, mild fever, peripheral oedema, ascites, epistaxis and gastrointestinal haemorrhage. Blood analysis revealed hyperthyroxinaemia. Analysis of thyroid-stimulating antibodies highlighted Graves' disease being the cause of the prevailing thyrotoxic crisis. Remarkable in this case of thyrotoxicosis is a liver affection without elevated transaminases but disturbed serum protein synthesis leading to hypalbuminaemic oedema and haemorrhagic complications. Thyrostatic treatment led to clinical response.

  18. Gastric lipoma and pyloric obstruction in a 51-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Furtado, W S; Mello, D A C P G; Santos, V M; Bringel, T L; Oliveira Junior, W P; Moura, H J L

    2013-01-01

    Gastric lipoma is considered a rare condition that may constitute a challenging diagnosis. A 51-year-old woman presented dysphagia and abdominal pain, and an upper digestive endoscopic study disclosed a gastric tumor located in the submucosa of the pyloric antrum. Conclusive diagnosis was established after repeated endoscopic biopsies, and the patient was subjected to an atypical gastrectomy, which evolved into a pyloric stenosis. This complication was appropriately corrected and the patient remains symptomless, under outpatient surveillance.

  19. Sirenomelia in a Cameroonian woman: a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Morfaw, Frederick Li; Nana, Philip N

    2012-01-01

    Sirenomelia is a rare congenital malformative disorder characterized by fusion of the lower limbs giving a characteristic mermaid-like appearance to the affected foetus. We report a case of sirenomelia occurring in a 19 year old Cameroonian woman following premature rupture of membranes and associated cord prolapse. This is the first documented case in this country. We highlight some of the cultural myths associated with this disorder and discuss our findings relative to the present literature and related controversies on its etiopathogenesis.

  20. Successful management of pregnancy in an African woman with Klippel Trenaunay syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Kemfang, Jean Dupont Ngowa; Dobgima, Walter Pisoh; Motzebo, Regine Mbouopda; Ngassam, Anny; Fokou, Marcus; Kasia, Jean-Marie

    2013-01-01

    Klippel Trenaunay syndrome (KTS) is a rare congenital disease characterized by a triad of cutaneous hemangioma, varicose veins and bone or soft tissue hypertrophy. Cases of pregnancy complicated by KTS are rare. There is an increased risk of thrombo-embolic disease and hemorrhage during pregnancy. Both obstetric and anesthetic management of KTS in pregnancy can be rather complicated. We present a successful management of pregnancy in an African woman with KTS at Yaounde General Hospital, Cameroon. PMID:24772228

  1. [A full-term pregnant woman with non-compaction cardiomyopathy].

    PubMed

    Bañuls Pellicer, G; Domingo-Triadó, V

    2014-01-01

    Non-compaction cardiomyopathy, a genetic primary cardiomyopathy, is being increasingly diagnosed. Pregnant women with non-compaction cardiomyopathy are more susceptible to complications, such as heart failure, arrhythmias and embolic events. This paper reports the case of a pregnant woman with non-compaction cardiomyopathy under treatment and asymptomatic, who received epidural analgesia during labor and delivery. The clinical course is described and a brief review is presented.

  2. Unusual cause of general malaise: a young woman with ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency.

    PubMed

    Singh, Sarneet; Pal, Shrestha; Dubrey, Simon William

    2016-01-20

    A young woman presented with general malaise in relation to the metabolic condition ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency. Her ammonia level had risen to 229 µmol/L (normal range 0-59 µmol/L). She was treated using her emergency pack of intravenous medicines and made a complete response. We briefly discuss the need to make an urgent diagnosis, the 'mechanism' for checking serum ammonia levels and therapies.

  3. 73-year-old woman with abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant

    SciTech Connect

    Bond, J.R.

    1987-03-20

    A 73-year-old woman presented with a six-day history of abdominal pain that had started in the epigastrium, but recently had become more intense in the right lower quadrant. Peptic ulcer had been diagnosed three years prior to presentation and had been managed medically. On physical examination, epigastric tenderness as well as guarding and rebound tenderness in the right lower quandrant were present. Mild leukocytosis was reported. Computed tomography demonstrated a 5-cm retrocecal mass with low attenuation (fluid content) surrounded by an irregularly thickened uncalcified wall. Multiple areas of tissue debris were seen extending into the mass, but no true separation was present.

  4. Ancient and modern women in the "Woman's World".

    PubMed

    Hurst, Isobel

    2009-01-01

    Under the editorship of Oscar Wilde, the "Woman's World" exemplified the popular dissemination of Hellenism through periodical culture. Addressing topics such as marriage, politics, and education in relation to the lives of women in the ancient world, the magazine offered an unfamiliar version of the reception of ancient Greece and Rome in late-Victorian aestheticism, one that was accessible to a wide readership because it was often based on images rather than texts. The classical scholar Jane Ellen Harrison addressed herself to this audience of women readers, discussing the similarities between modern collegiate life and the "woman's world" that enabled Sappho to flourish in ancient Greece. The "Woman's World" thus questions gender stereotypes by juxtaposing ancient and modern women, implicitly endorsing varied models of womanhood.

  5. Birth Environments: A Woman's Choice in the 21st Century.

    PubMed

    Adams, Ellise D

    2016-01-01

    A woman has many important decisions to make once discovering a pregnancy. One of those decisions with significant implications is where the birth will take place. The primary consideration for the majority of pregnant women when making a decision about birth environment is safety. However, other factors such as attitudes of family and friends, religious reasons, and confidence in the body's ability to give birth play a factor in the choice of birth environment. It is recommended that birth attendants use the process of shared decision making to assist pregnant women in making choices related to the birth environment. This process empowers the pregnant woman and provides a woman-centered and evidence-based approach to choices related to obstetrical care.

  6. Acute Hemiparesis in a Healthy Elderly Woman: Where and What Is the Lesion?

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Ji Hoon; Heo, Sung Hyuk; Lee, Jin San; Chang, Dae-Il; Park, Ki-Ho; Sung, Ji-Youn; Hong, Il Ki; Kim, Myeong Hee; Park, Bong Jin; Choi, Woo Suk

    2017-01-01

    Hemiparesis may be the result of lesions in the contralateral pyramidal tract in the brain or, less frequently, in the ipsilateral pyramidal tract in the upper cervical spinal cord. However, although rare, multiple lesions that simultaneously occur in both of these regions may be the cause of acute hemiparesis, and the clinical symptoms can often be misdiagnosed as a stroke. In addition, the correct diagnosis of these multiple central nervous system (CNS) lesions is very challenging if they are caused by infection from an unexpected microorganism. We evaluated an elderly healthy woman who presented with acute hemiparesis and multiple brain and spinal cord lesions that were confirmed to occur from an infection with Propionibacterium acnes. In this report, the differential diagnosis and histopathological findings are discussed for these multiple CNS lesions in this healthy woman. PMID:28377743

  7. Delayed puberty and estrogen resistance in a woman with estrogen receptor α variant.

    PubMed

    Quaynor, Samuel D; Stradtman, Earl W; Kim, Hyung-Goo; Shen, Yiping; Chorich, Lynn P; Schreihofer, Derek A; Layman, Lawrence C

    2013-07-11

    Although androgen resistance has been characterized in men with a normal chromosome complement and mutations in the androgen-receptor gene, a mutation in the gene encoding estrogen receptor α (ESR1) was previously described only in one man and not, to our knowledge, in a woman. We now describe an 18-year-old woman without breast development and with markedly elevated serum levels of estrogens and bilateral multicystic ovaries. She was found to have a homozygous loss-of-function ESR1 mutation in a completely conserved residue that interferes with estrogen signaling. Her clinical presentation was similar to that in the mouse orthologue knockout. This case shows that disruption of ESR1 causes profound estrogen resistance in women. (Funded by the National Institutes of Health.).

  8. [I was born a woman, the life of Mame: the dramatization of intergenerational inclusion].

    PubMed

    Lasheras Amat, M del Pilar; Muriel Fernández, Rafael; Llamas Martínez, M Victoria; Hallaga Messari, Asmaa; Bitoden Yaka, Albert; Ndour, Mame Awa; Dieng, Ousseynou; Márquez Bernal, Victoriano; Sevillano, Manuel Garrido

    2010-01-01

    I was born a woman, the life of Mame is the dramatization a fictitious intergenerational story. However, the story is based on true events and the feelings of real immigrant women. The dramatization narrates the life of a woman, from the time her parents-who had recently emigrated from Senegal-settled in Andalusia, up to the adolescence of Mame's own daughter. The story is told with one person on stage who, through the use of three costume changes, plays three different generations of women: mother, daughter and granddaughter, with the video-recorded testimonies of other characters (a teacher and a midwife), who express their views of the host society against a background of African music and pictures of their native country. The present article describes their goals, such as communication in conferences, and includes a concise summary of the script, reflections on the process of integrating, and the evaluation made after a performance.

  9. SAR Computation inside Fetus by RF Coil during MR Imaging Employing Realistic Numerical Pregnant Woman Model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kikuchi, Satoru; Saito, Kazuyuki; Takahashi, Masaharu; Ito, Koichi; Ikehira, Hiroo

    This paper presents the computational electromagnetic dosimetry inside an anatomically based pregnant woman models exposed to electromagnetic wave during magnetic resonance imaging. The two types of pregnant woman models corresponding to early gestation and 26 weeks gestation were used for this study. The specific absorption rate (SAR) in and around a fetus were calculated by radiated electromagnetic wave from highpass and lowpass birdcage coil. Numerical calculation results showed that high SAR region is observed at the body in the vicinity of gaps of the coil, and is related to concentrated electric field in the gaps of human body such as armpit and thigh. Moreover, it has confirmed that the SAR in the fetus is less than International Electrotechnical Commission limit of 10W/kg, when whole-body average SARs are 2W/kg and 4W/kg, which are the normal operating mode and first level controlled operating mode, respectively.

  10. Simplified pregnant woman models for the fetus exposure assessment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jala, Marjorie; Conil, Emmanuelle; Varsier, Nadège; Wiart, Joe; Hadjem, Abdelhamid; Moulines, Éric; Lévy-Leduc, Céline

    2013-05-01

    In this paper, we introduce a study that we carried out in order to validate the use of a simplified pregnant woman model for the assessment of the fetus exposure to radio frequency waves. This simplified model, based on the use of a homogeneous tissue to replace most of the inner organs of the virtual mother, would allow us to deal with many issues that are raised because of the lack of pregnant woman models for numerical dosimetry. Using specific absorption rate comparisons, we show that this model could be used to estimate the fetus exposure to plane waves.

  11. The "Education" of the Indian Woman against the Backdrop of the Education of the European Woman in the Nineteenth-Century

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peacock, Sunita

    2009-01-01

    The essay discusses the role and education of the women of India, with special reference to the women of Bengal during the nineteenth-century and a comparison is made between the education of the Indian woman and the education of the European woman during this era. The education of the Indian woman is also referenced against the backdrop of the…

  12. Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in a postpartum woman

    PubMed Central

    Murthy, Pooja R.; Ucchil, Rajesh; Shah, Unmil; Chaudhari, Dipak

    2016-01-01

    Hantavirus infection, a rare disease diagnosed in India and carries a very high mortality. There are no reports of this infection in association with pregnancy or postpartum period in our country. We present a case of a 30-year-old female diagnosed to have hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in the postpartum period. We intend to create awareness about this infection and consider it in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with acute respiratory distress syndrome and multiorgan dysfunction in association with pregnancy and postpartum period. PMID:27688634

  13. Maria Montessori: Portrait of a Young Woman

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Povell, Phyllis

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author presents the biography of Maria Montessori, who pioneered early childhood education and introduced a new method of pedagogy. The innovations in education that Montessori introduced were enough to reserve a place for her in the history books. Montessori was ahead of her time in many aspects of her life. The decisions…

  14. You Can Be a Woman Paleontologist.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gabriel, Diane L.; Cohen, Judith Love

    This booklet stresses the value of various academic studies (e.g., history, geology, anatomy, physical anthropology) as prerequisites for a career in paleontology, by depicting real women whose careers provide inspirational role models. The first section is a text designed for use by elementary students and presents the career of paleontology from…

  15. 38-year-old woman with recurrent abdominal pain, but no fever

    PubMed Central

    Iwata, Kentaro; Toma, Tomoko; Yachie, Akihiro

    2012-01-01

    A 38-year-old woman presented with 2 days history of left-flank pain. She had similar episodes of abdominal pain as well as chest pain several times, but symptoms disappeared spontaneously. Each time she developed pain, there was no fever. After ruling out common causes of recurrent abdominal pain, familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) was considered as a potential diagnosis. Genetic tests revealed multiple heterozygote mutations, which may be associated with FMF. Patients with Mediterranean fever mutations may present with atypical presentations without fever, like in this case. Astute clinical suspicion is required to make an accurate diagnosis. PMID:22505824

  16. 51-year-old woman with double vision.

    PubMed

    Browning, Lisa; Leach, John; Watts, Christopher; Kuker, Wilhelm; Stacey, Richard

    2008-04-01

    A 51-year-old woman presented with a 2-month history of double vision and numbness around her left ear. She subsequently became unsteady on her feet and developed further cranial nerve abnormalities, before complaining of headache, nausea and vomiting. Imaging revealed features suggestive of two intracranial lesions; one non-contrast-enhancing high-signal area in the cerebellum with associated calcification, and a second contrast-enhancing low-signal area in association with the fourth ventricle, and at surgery there were two apparent components to the tumor. The histopathological features were those of a low-grade, focally calcified tumor comprising atypical ganglion and glial cells with interspersed Rosenthal fibres. Mitotic figures were not seen, and there was no necrosis. An infiltrate of small reactive lymphocytes was interspersed among the neoplastic cells. Immunohistochemistry revealed expression of synaptophysin by many of the dysplastic ganglion cells, with some co-expressing neurofilament protein and occasionally glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Several of the dysplastic ganglion cells also expressed CD34. The glial cell population was highlighted by GFAP. Ki-67 (MIB-1) activity was not noted among the neoplastic populations--the few positive nuclei in these areas were those of interspersed reactive CD3-positive T lymphocytes. In addition, at the edge of one of the biopsies was a dense infiltrate of mitotically-active large atypical CD 20-positive B lymphocytes, among which the Ki-67 (MIB-1) labeling index reached 80%. The final diagnosis was diffuse large B cell lymphoma arising within a ganglioglioma of the cerebellum, and this is believed to be the first reported case.

  17. A Woman with Dyspnea and Hemoptysis

    PubMed Central

    Schauer, Steven G.; Eisenman, Justin C.

    2014-01-01

    A 55-year-old female presented to the emergency department at a small community hospital with cough, fever, dyspnea and blood-streaked sputum. A chest radiograph was ordered. She was diagnosed with pneumonia and discharged home with antibiotics. She returned three days later, afebrile, with worsening dyspnea and gross hemoptysis. She was found to have a murmur reported as chronic but had never been evaluated by echocardiography. A computed tomography chest and echocardiography were performed (Figure). She was diagnosed with a left atrial myxoma (Video). She was transferred and underwent tumor excision. PMID:25493149

  18. A woman with dyspnea and hemoptysis.

    PubMed

    Schauer, Steven G; Eisenman, Justin C

    2014-11-01

    A 55-year-old female presented to the emergency department at a small community hospital with cough, fever, dyspnea and blood-streaked sputum. A chest radiograph was ordered. She was diagnosed with pneumonia and discharged home with antibiotics. She returned three days later, afebrile, with worsening dyspnea and gross hemoptysis. She was found to have a murmur reported as chronic but had never been evaluated by echocardiography. A computed tomography chest and echocardiography were performed (Figure). She was diagnosed with a left atrial myxoma (Video). She was transferred and underwent tumor excision.

  19. EEG correlates of perceptual reversals in Boring's ambiguous old/young woman stimulus.

    PubMed

    Kornmeier, Jürgen; Bach, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Ambiguous figures attract observers because perception alternates between different interpretations while the sensory information stays unchanged. Understanding the underlying processes is difficult because the precise time instant of this endogenous reversal event needs to be known but is difficult to measure. Presenting ambiguous figures discontinuously and using stimulus onset as estimation of the reversal event increased temporal resolution and provided a series of well-confirmed EEG signatures. In the current EEG study we used this 'onset paradigm' for the first time with Boring's old/young woman stimulus. We found an early occipital event-related potential (ERP) correlate of reversals between the perception of the old woman and the perception of the young woman that fits well with previous ERP findings. This component was not followed by the often-reported occipito-parietal Reversal Negativity at 260 ms, but instead by an occipito-temporal N170, that is typically reported with face stimuli. We interpret our results as follows: ambiguity conflicts take place during processing of stimulus elements in early visual areas roughly 130 ms after stimulus onset. The disambiguation of these elements and their assembly to object 'gestalts' result from an interplay between early visual and object-specific brain areas in a temporal window between 130 and 260 ms after stimulus onset. In the particular case of Boring's old/young woman the processes of element disambiguation and gestalt construction are already finished at 170 ms and, thus, 90 ms earlier than in the case of ambiguous geometric figures (eg Necker cube or Schroeder staircase) or of binocular rivalrous gratings.

  20. Depositional architecture of Springer Old Woman sandstone, central Anadarko basin, Oklahoma

    SciTech Connect

    O'Donnell, M.R.; Haiduk, J.P.

    1987-08-01

    The fluvial meander belt containing the Old Woman sandstone served as a conduit for clastics transported into the Anadarko basin. Mappable for a distance of more than 30 mi (48 km), sand bodies characterizing this system average 0.5 mi (0.8 km) in width and attain maximum thicknesses of 50-70 ft (15-20 m). Channel and point-bar sandstone facies display a fining-upward sequence and sharp basal contact, as inferred from gamma-ray and resistivity logs. Sandstones of the Old Woman fluvial complex overlie the laminated shales and silts of the penecontemporaneous flood-plain environment. These flood-plain deposits are underlain by crinoidal wackestones and packstones deposited in the subtidal regime. Encroachment of the fluvial complex into a marine setting is interpreted from this sequence. Thin flood-plain deposits and lack of shallow marine clastic sediments suggest rapid advancement. Quartzitic and petrologically mature, the Old Woman sandstone is fine grained, with small-scale troughs and laminations, and a few mudstone rip-up clasts. Diagenesis has altered the mineralogic composition mainly by siliceous and carbonate cementation. Porosity is secondary, resulting from dissolution of various metastable constituents. The Old Woman sandstone was established as a hydrocarbon reservoir in the early 1960s, and sporadic development continued for years. The present-day petroleum market has prompted a resurgence in drilling activity owing to the economic viability of this reservoir. Successful wells are concentrated in newly discovered meander-belt bends; however, the elusiveness of this fluvial system challenges today's exploration geologists as it has for the past quarter century.

  1. Flora White (1860-1948): New Woman, Stark Choice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morice, Linda C.

    2009-01-01

    This article examines the life of education reformer Flora White, who both represented and deviated from the stereotypical new woman portrayed in popular literature of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. White's decision to reject marriage and children in favor of a career resulted in greater financial insecurity and an unmet desire…

  2. A Mexicana Woman's Education in 1980s Chicago

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rivera, Angelica

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to describe the educational experiences of a Mexican woman in Chicago's Little Village community in the 1980s. The author was born in Mexico and raised in Little Village which has been home to Mexican immigrant communities for decades. Little Village is also home to the largest Mexican-American population in the…

  3. Medical Pluralism in the Life of a Mexican Immigrant Woman

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belliard, Juan Carlos; Ramirez-Johnson, Johnny

    2005-01-01

    This case study reflects on the variety of approaches to health care in a pluralistic immigrant urban enclave in Southern California. In-depth interviews were conducted with a Mexican immigrant woman to explore and understand her health worldview and the strategies she uses in deciding among the diverse health care options available to protect and…

  4. A Collaborative Approach to Aiding a Woman Returning to College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chickering, Joanne Nelson; Obstfeld, Lisa

    1982-01-01

    Addresses the issue of serving the needs of nontraditional learners using a case study of a reentry woman. Used a collaborative approach to help the student improve her assertive skills and develop some test taking strategies. Also used role playing, flooding, and mnemonic strategies. (JAC)

  5. "Supposing History Is a Woman--What Then?"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Himmelfarb, Gertrude

    1984-01-01

    The sexual imagery of Friedrich Nietzsche and English historian Michael Oakeshott in characterizing perspectives on the past, especially the comparison of the relationship of a historian to history with that of a man to a woman, are compared and discussed. (MSE)

  6. Exploring Woman University Physics Students "Doing Gender" and "Doing Physics"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Danielsson, Anna T.

    2012-01-01

    This article explores what it can mean to be a woman physics student. A case study approach is used to explore how five women who are studying physics at a Swedish university simultaneously negotiate their doing of physics and their doing of gender. By conceptualising both gender and learning as aspects of identity formation, the analysis of the…

  7. Young Adults' Perceptions and Memories of a Televised Woman Hero.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calvert, Sandra L.; Kondla, Tracy A.; Ertel, Karen A.; Meisel, Douglas S.

    2001-01-01

    College students viewed "Xena: Warrior Princess" (a woman in a nontraditional heroic role) under differing conditions. Researchers investigated how they perceived and remembered Xena as a function of the amount of shadow, an archetypal personality structure, portrayed in the episode, noting the influence of viewer characteristics. Viewer…

  8. Pioneer Black Woman Superintendent: Velma Dolphin Ashley, 1944-1956.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Revere, Amie B.

    1989-01-01

    This article profiles Velma Dolphin Ashley, a Black woman educator who served as superintendent of schools in Boley (Oklahoma) from 1944 to 1956. During her superintendency, Ashley was responsible for instructional activities in a correctional institution for delinquent Black youth, as well as for administering the all-Black school district. (AF)

  9. Woman Suffrage and the 19th Amendment. Teaching with Documents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC.

    Beginning in the mid-19th century, several generations of woman suffrage supporters lectured, wrote, marched, lobbied, and practiced civil disobedience to achieve what many people considered a radical change in the U.S. Constitution. Militant suffragists used tactics such as parades, silent vigils, and hunger strikes. In 1870 the 15th amendment to…

  10. Is It Easy to Be a Woman in Science?

    PubMed

    Beletskaya, I P

    2016-03-07

    A total devotion to your science is the main component of success! In this Guest Editorial, I. P. Beletskaya, Professor of chemistry at Moscow State University and a board member of Chemistry--A European Journal, describes her perspective on being a woman in science and shares some personal insights into her career and life as a chemist.

  11. The New Woman in "The Sun Also Rises"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yu, Xiaoping

    2010-01-01

    Hemingway is a famous American writer and a spokesman of the Lost Generation. His life attitude of the characters in the novels influenced the whole world. His first masterpiece "The Sun Also Rises" contributes a lot to the rise of feminism and make the world began to be familiar with a term: The New Woman through the portrayal of Brett.…

  12. Ethnic Heritage Studies: The American Woman. Experimental Unit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keepers, Beverly

    Providing information and activities designed to dispel sex role socialization, myths, and stereotypes as bases for prejudiced views, this teaching guide focuses on the American woman's image and diverse roles in our society. It is part of the Louisville Area Ethnic Heritage Studies Project described in ED 150 043. The project materials are…

  13. Becoming Aboriginal: Experiences of a European Woman in Kamchatka's Wilderness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Churikova, Victoria

    2000-01-01

    A Russian woman describes how living in remote Kamchatka helped her develop an aboriginal perspective. Chopping wood, hauling water, gathering food, alternately homeschooling her children and sending them to an ecological school, and interacting with local aboriginal people taught her the importance of conserving natural resources and living in…

  14. Sudden death of a young woman attributed to diabetic ketoacidosis.

    PubMed

    Rosenbloom, Arlan L

    2013-11-01

    A young woman's death at home was attributed to new onset diabetic ketoacidosis with subsequent litigation supported by several expert consultants, despite a history and postmortem findings inconsistent with this diagnosis. More thorough tissue study of the heart and analysis of the circumstances led to a credible explanation of the entire scenario.

  15. Ellen Gleditsch: Pioneer Woman in Radiochemistry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lykknes, Annette; Kragh, Helge; Kvittingen, Lise

    We present the life and work of the Norwegian scientist Ellen Gleditsch (1879-1968) in the early era of radioactivity. From 1907-1912, Gleditsch worked as Marie Curie's assistant in the Laboratoire Curie in Paris on the alleged copper-lithium radioactive transformation and on the radiumuranium ratio, as well as studying chemistry and related subjects at the Sorbonne. Later,in 1913-1914, she worked in Bertram Boltwood's laboratory at Yale University on the half-life of radium. Gleditsch also was concerned with academic opportunities for women, and she became the president of the International Federation of University Women. As a professor, the second female professor in Norway, she initiated a research group on radioactivity at the University of Oslo.

  16. Pasteurella multocida septic shock after a cat scratch in an elderly otherwise healthy woman: a case report.

    PubMed

    Fernández-Valencia, Jenaro A; García, Sebastian; Prat, Salvio

    2008-03-01

    Pasteurella multocida, a gram-negative coccobacillus, is a commensal in the nasopharynx of many animals. P. multocida infections most commonly involve the skin, soft tissues, and respiratory tract, particularly in immunosuppressed patients. The present case illustrates a severe articular infection caused by this bacterium, leading to septic shock, in an elderly, otherwise healthy woman, after a simple scratch of a cat.

  17. Reticulate Pigmentation Associated with Scarring Alopecia in an Elderly Woman: An Unusual Manifestation of Lichen Planus Pigmentosus

    PubMed Central

    Sharma, Vinod Kumar; Bhari, Neetu; Subhadarshani, Sweta; Taneja, Neha; Deepak, Rakesh Kumar

    2016-01-01

    A 70-year-old woman presented with generalized reticulate pigmentation, scarring alopecia, and few discrete, violaceous plaques over the trunk and forearm. Dermoscopic evaluation of the reticulate plaque showed reticulate hyperpigmentation with multiple telangiectasias, and skin biopsy showed lichenoid interface dermatitis with marked pigment incontinence. Thus, a final diagnosis of poikiloderma due to lichen planus pigmentosus was considered. PMID:27904206

  18. Reticulate Pigmentation Associated with Scarring Alopecia in an Elderly Woman: An Unusual Manifestation of Lichen Planus Pigmentosus.

    PubMed

    Sharma, Vinod Kumar; Bhari, Neetu; Subhadarshani, Sweta; Taneja, Neha; Deepak, Rakesh Kumar

    2016-01-01

    A 70-year-old woman presented with generalized reticulate pigmentation, scarring alopecia, and few discrete, violaceous plaques over the trunk and forearm. Dermoscopic evaluation of the reticulate plaque showed reticulate hyperpigmentation with multiple telangiectasias, and skin biopsy showed lichenoid interface dermatitis with marked pigment incontinence. Thus, a final diagnosis of poikiloderma due to lichen planus pigmentosus was considered.

  19. Celiac Crisis in a 64-Year-Old Woman: An Unusual Cause of Severe Diarrhea, Acidosis, and Malabsorption

    PubMed Central

    Mrad, Rachel Abou; Ghaddara, Hussein Abou; Green, Peter H.; El-Majzoub, Nadim

    2015-01-01

    Celiac disease (CD) rarely presents with life-threatening complications in older individuals. We report a 64-year-old woman who presented with profuse diarrhea, weight loss, hemodynamic instability, hypokalemia, hypoproteinemia, acidosis, and vitamin and iron deficiency. Pathologic and serologic studies confirmed CD presenting with celiac crisis with extensive and severe intestinal disease. Although celiac crisis occurs mostly in childhood and early adulthood, it should be considered in adults presenting with acute severe diarrheal illness, electrolyte abnormalities, and malabsorption. PMID:26157925

  20. [Gonococcal conjunctivitis in a young woman].

    PubMed

    Biance-Valero, E; Quiniou, P-Y; Valero, B; Navarrot, J-C; Soullié, B

    2013-12-01

    We describe the management of a female patient who developed an uncomplicated unilateral purulent conjunctivitis with no other clinical signs. The typical clinical presentation and Gram stain of the discharge suggested gonococcal conjunctivitis, allowing treatment to be initiated. Indeed, a strain of Neisseria gonorrhoeae resistant to penicillin and tetracycline was isolated. In collaboration with the patient's primary care physician, management included lavage of the infected eye, systemic antibiotic treatment with erythromycin and topical antibiotic treatment with azithromycin, followed by local steroid treatment in response to persistent hyperemia, which was discontinued and replaced by azithromycin again because of recurrent discharge. Eleven days after the first consultation, a complete cure was achieved without sequelae, and a final check to rule out a residual gonococcal carrier state is planned. Gonococcal conjunctivitis, a diagnostic and therapeutic emergency, is a potentially blinding sexually transmitted disease with which general practitioners and ophthalmologists are not well aquainted. Although rare in developed countries, its incidence is rising in parallel with the global recrudescence of gonococcal infections. This case of gonococcal conjunctivitis is discussed as a review of the clinical and biological elements necessary for diagnosis and therapeutic management, which must occur as early as possible, taking into account rapidly increasing gonococcal resistance to antimicrobial therapies, so as to interrupt spread of the disease.

  1. An example of woman scientist in France

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cazenave, A.

    2002-12-01

    Although the presence of women in sciences has been increasing in the past few decades in Europe, it remains incredibly low at the top levels. Recent statistics from the European Commission indicate that now women represent 50 per cent of first degree students in many countries. However, the proportion of women at each stage of the scientific career decreases almost linearly, reaching less than 10 per cent at the highest level jobs. From my own experience, I don't think that this results from sexism nor discrimination. Rather, I think that this is a result of complex cultural factors making women subconsciously persuaded that top level jobs are destined to male scientists only. Many women scientists drop the idea of playing a role at high-level research, considering it is a way of exerting power (a matter reserved to men). Others give up the possibility of combining childcare and high level commitments in research. And too many (married women) still find only natural to sacrifice their own scientific ambitions to the benefit of their spouse's career. In this poster, I briefly present my personal experience. I chose to prioritize scientific productivity and expertise versus hierarchical responsibilities. Besides I tried to keep a satisfactory balance between family demand and research involvement. This was indeed facilitated by the French system, which provides substantial support to women's work (nurseries, recreation centers during school holidays, etc.). To my point of view, the most promising way of increasing the number of women at top levels in research is through education and mentality evolution

  2. Hepatitis, cholangitis, pulmonary hypertension, digital gangrene, and conjunctivitis sicca in a woman with anticentromere antibodies.

    PubMed

    Tsai, Chang-Youh; Huo, An-Ping; Chou, Chung-Tei; Wu, Tsai-Hung; Tsai, Ying-Yang

    2006-08-01

    A 46-year-old woman presented with chronic fluctuated liver function impairment, Raynaud's phenomenon, digital gangrene, pulmonary hypertension, and intense pruritus within a period of 2 years. Laboratory investigations revealed antinuclear antibodies, anticentromere antibodies (ACA), hypergammaglobulinemia, lymphocytic infiltration of the liver parenchyma, and mild cholangitis. The associated symptoms included thyroiditis, conjunctivitis sicca, xerostomia, and polyarthralgia. There was no conspicuous sclerodactyly, calcinosis, or dysphagia. The symptoms were relieved with intravenous, as well as oral, methylprednisolone. This constellation of presentations, including chronic autoimmune hepatitis with mild cholangitis and pulmonary hypertension, suggested that the presence of serum ACA might indicate relentless visceral organ damage.

  3. A Rare Case of Disseminated Pyogenic Gonococcal Infection in an Immunocompetent Woman

    PubMed Central

    Romiopoulos, Iordanis; Pyrpasopoulou, Athina; Varouktsi, Anna; Simoulidou, Elisavet; Kontopoulou, Konstantina; Karantani, Ekaterini; Georgopoulou, Vivian; Kitsios, Konstantinos; Mamopoulos, Apostolos; Antachopoulos, Charalampos; Karagiannis, Asterios

    2016-01-01

    We present a case of previously healthy, immunocompetent, 41-year-old woman who developed systemic inflammatory response syndrome secondary to Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteremia. Clinical course was complicated by the simultaneous formation of multiple muscular abscesses, epidural abscess, and septic spondylodiscitis. The patient responded well to prolonged ceftriaxone treatment and was released 10 weeks after initial admission. Spinal lesions and/or pyomyositis individually constitute rare complications of disseminated gonococcal infection. This case, combining both manifestations, is to our knowledge unique. Apropos, diversity of the clinical presentation, and therapeutic challenges for this historical disease are discussed for the practicing physician. PMID:28116187

  4. Multiple, genital lobular capillary haemangioma (pyogenic granuloma) in a young woman: a diagnostic puzzle

    PubMed Central

    Gupta, S.; Radotra, B. D.; Kumar, B.

    2000-01-01

    A 21 year old woman presented with multiple lobulated lesions on the labia majora. The surface of most of the lesions was ulcerated revealing a glistening surface. All lesions were excised. The histopathology revealed features suggestive of lobular capillary haemangioma (pyogenic granuloma). Pyogenic granuloma is considered as a reactive hyperproliferative vascular response to trauma or other stimuli. A literature search revealed reports of a few cases of lobular capillary haemangioma of the glans penis but not on the female genitalia. This case is presented to help physicians become aware that lobular capillary haemangiomas (pyogenic granuloma) may occur at this site. Key Words: pyogenic granuloma; vulva PMID:10817071

  5. Tumor of the heart in a young woman; a rare manifestation of Wegener granulomatosis.

    PubMed

    Singh, Remmi; Rosen, Seymour

    2012-02-01

    Wegener granulomatosis may rarely present with tumor masses that are in areas not typically involved by the disease. Although some cases have an associated positive anti-neutrophilic cytoplasmic antibodies, other cases do not, especially those of the limited form. To prevent misdiagnosis and ensure prompt treatment, it is extremely important to consider Wegener granulomatosis even in cases without the classic clinical findings. We report a case of a 19-year-old woman with no prior significant medical history who presented with persistent ventricular tachycardia and a papillary muscle mass in her left ventricle which upon excision and tissue evaluation demonstrated histologic changes of Wegener granulomatosis.

  6. A giant pleural poorly differentiated synovial sarcoma (PDSS) in a 64-year-old woman

    PubMed Central

    Chabowski, Mariusz; Janczak, Dawid; Dorobisz, Tadeusz; Leśniak, Michał; Jeleń, Michal; Janczak, Dariusz

    2016-01-01

    The article presents the rare case of a 64-year-old woman, who was admitted to our thoracic surgery department with a giant tumor in a right hemithorax measuring 88 mm × 137 mm × 188 mm, revealed by a thoracic CT scan. An anterolateral thoracotomy with a radical tumor resection was performed. The final pathological diagnosis of the poorly differentiated synovial sarcoma (PDSS) was made. The adjuvant radiotherapy of 60 Gy in 30 fractions was applied postoperatively. One year after operation patient remains in good health. The literature review on pleural synovial sarcoma has been shortly presented. PMID:27747031

  7. Effect of the woman's age on discontinuation of IVF treatment.

    PubMed

    Soullier, Noémie; Bouyer, Jean; Pouly, Jean-Luc; Guibert, Juliette; de La Rochebrochard, Elise

    2011-05-01

    Treatment discontinuations are an important issue in IVF programmes. In the French context, financial constraint does not intervene in discontinuation until older ages. This study examined treatment discontinuation in IVF programmes, according to the woman's age and when there is no financial burden for couples. Medical records were collected for 3037 women who began their IVF programme between 1998 and 2002 in two French IVF units. Up to four attempts were taken into consideration. Cumulative success (delivery) rates were calculated, as well as discontinuation rates. Multiple imputation was applied to estimate a theoretical cumulative success rate as if no woman discontinued treatment before the end of the IVF programme without delivering. Cumulative discontinuation rates at the end of the IVF programme increased with the woman's age (41% for age <35, 56% for age 35-39, 80% for age ⩾40). The benefit in terms of delivery rates of pursuing treatment would be smaller for older women (∼10% for age <35, 7% for age 35-39, 4% for age ⩾40). Even when treatment is reimbursed, the discontinuation rate is high for older women, suggesting that the strong decrease in success rate with age induces older women to discontinue. Treatment discontinuations are an important issue in IVF programmes. In the French context, financial constraint does not intervene in discontinuation until older ages. We aimed to examine treatment discontinuation in IVF programmes, according to the woman's age and when there is no financial burden for couples. Medical records were collected for 3037 women who began their IVF programme between 1998 and 2002 in two French IVF units. Up to four attempts were taken into consideration. Cumulative success (delivery) rates were calculated, as well as discontinuation rates. Multiple imputation was applied to estimate a theoretical cumulative success rate as if no woman discontinued treatment before the end of the IVF programme without delivering. Cumulative

  8. Tuberculosis endometritis presenting as a leiomyoma.

    PubMed

    Shirazi, Mahboobeh; Shahbazi, Fatemeh; Pirzadeh, Leila; Mohammadi, Seyed Rahim; Ghaffari, Parisa; Eftekhar, Tahereh

    2015-01-01

    Genitourinary tuberculosis is a common extrapulmonary manifestation of tuberculosis. Taking into consideration that genitourinary tuberculosis may be associated with a diversity of presentations, its diagnoses may be difficult. A young woman with an initial presumptive diagnosis of a uterine leiomyoma presented with abdominal pain and a pelvic mass that after further investigations, she was diagnosed with genital tuberculosis.

  9. Tuberculosis Endometritis Presenting as A Leiomyoma

    PubMed Central

    Shirazi, Mahboobeh; Shahbazi, Fatemeh; Pirzadeh, Leila; Mohammadi, Seyed Rahim; Ghaffari, Parisa; Eftekhar, Tahereh

    2015-01-01

    Genitourinary tuberculosis is a common extrapulmonary manifestation of tuberculosis. Taking into consideration that genitourinary tuberculosis may be associated with a diversity of presentations, its diagnoses may be difficult. A young woman with an initial presumptive diagnosis of a uterine leiomyoma presented with abdominal pain and a pelvic mass that after further investigations, she was diagnosed with genital tuberculosis. PMID:25780530

  10. Common CTA features of Ebstein anomaly in a middle-aged woman with a heart murmur and dyspnea on exertion.

    PubMed

    Zikria, Joseph F; Dillon, Evan H; Epstein, Neal F

    2012-01-01

    Ebstein anomaly is a rare and complex congenital heart defect that may present with a variety of clinical symptoms. This article presents the case of a 45-year-old woman who presented with a history of a heart murmur and progressively worsening dyspnea on exertion. We describe the imaging features and protocol used for visualizing the congenital defect on a 256-channel multidetector CT scanner.

  11. Ovarian intratumoral 21-hydroxylase deficiency in a postmenopausal hirsute woman.

    PubMed

    Souto, Selma B; Baptista, Pedro V; Barreto, Filomena; Sousa, Pedro F; Braga, Daniel C; Carvalho, Davide

    2012-12-01

    Virilising ovarian tumours are a rare cause of hyperandrogenism in women, accounting for less than 5% of all ovarian neoplasms. It occurs most often in - and postmenopausal women. We report a case of a 64 year-old woman with signs of virilisation that had started 3 years before. Blood hormone analysis revealed increased levels of testosterone, and 17-hydroxyprogesterone. The tetracosactin test revealed 21-hydroxylase deficiency. Radiological imaging demonstrated a nodule in her left ovary. The patient was submitted to bilateral laparoscopic oophorectomy, and histopathological examination revealed a luteoma of the left ovary. Postoperative serum testosterone level and 17-hydroxyprogesterone returned to normal levels in one month. Virilism regressed within six months. Our patient also showed an elevation in 17-OHP serum levels. Normalization of 17-OHP after oophorectomy suggests a case of intratumoral 21-hydroxylase deficiency. To our knowledge, this is the first description of ovarian intratumoral 21-hydroxylase deficiency in a postmenopausal woman.

  12. Endometrial Adenocarcinoma in a 27-Year-Old Woman

    PubMed Central

    Fadhlaoui, Anis; Ben Hassouna, Jamel; Khrouf, Mohamed; Zhioua, Fethi; Chaker, Anis

    2010-01-01

    Background Endometrial adenocarcinoma usually occurs after menopause, but in 2%–14% of cases, it occurs in young patients (less than 40 years of age) who are eager to preserve their fertility. Its treatment includes hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy, and, in some cases, radiation therapy. Aim To describe a case of endometrial adenocarcinoma occurring in a young woman and to undertake a literature review of risk factors and therapeutic options proposed for young women wishing to preserve their fertility. Case We report a case of endometrial cancer in a 27-year-old woman treated for resistant menorrhagia and cared for in our department as well as in the Salah Azaiez Institute. Conclusion Endometrial adenocarcinoma rarely occurs in young women. In such cases, other therapeutic options can be proposed: progesterone therapy and LH-RH (Luteinzing-Hormone-Releasing-Hormone) agonists therapy in order to preserve fertility in younger patients. PMID:21769252

  13. Reading and Hearing The Womans Booke in Early Modern England

    PubMed Central

    Richards, Jennifer

    2015-01-01

    Summary This essay takes seriously Thomas Raynalde’s advice in The Womans Booke that women might read this work aloud. The evidence I use to sketch the scene of reading includes Raynalde’s advice to readers in his long prologue, and also the kind of reading practice that his own writing represents. But I also go outside the text, considering what we know about the experience of listening to a book, and emphasizing the link between this practice and rhetorical education. I also examine the evidence left behind by two male readers: William Ward, who marked his copy of the 1565 edition privately, and Edward Poeton of Petworth, who represented instead a semipublic or shared reading: the evaluation of The Womans Booke and other books of generation by a Midwife and her Deputy in a fictional dialogue “The Midwives Deputie” (ca. 1630s). PMID:26521668

  14. Nanoscience and Reminiscences of a Woman in Physics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dresselhaus, Mildred

    My entry into carbon science and nanoscience at an early stage in my career occurred in part because I was a woman in physics. In these reminiscences I will relate why working on carbon science started because I was a woman interested in working on a topic that interested me greatly, but was unpopular at the time; carbon science and thermoelectricity are two examples. I will elaborate on how our research system allows safe study of unpopular topics so that both the researcher and research sponsor are satisfied with outcomes. I also learned a lot from my family and acknowledge their contributions as well as those of sponsors who supported high-risk projects.

  15. 78 FR 8682 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Vermeer's Woman in Blue...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Vermeer's Woman in Blue Reading a... ``Vermeer's Woman in Blue Reading a Letter,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  16. Contraception with Chlormadinone Acetate in Woman with Previous Contraceptive Jaundice

    PubMed Central

    Thompson, R. P. H.; Williams, Roger

    1970-01-01

    The oral contraceptive chlormadinone acetate has been given for eight months to a woman who had developed jaundice during four pregnancies, and twice while taking a combined contraceptive pill. No side-effects or changes in liver function were observed. This is further evidence that progestogens used for contraception, and in particular those derived from hydroxyprogesterone, are less hepatotoxic than the oestrogenic components. PMID:4189931

  17. The angry black woman: the impact of pejorative stereotypes on psychotherapy with black women.

    PubMed

    Ashley, Wendy

    2014-01-01

    In the aftermath of slavery and the resulting social, economic, and political effects, Black women have become the victims of negative stereotyping in mainstream American culture. Such stereotypes include the myth of the angry Black woman that characterizes these women as aggressive, ill tempered, illogical, overbearing, hostile, and ignorant without provocation. Symptoms presented by Black women during mental health treatment may reinforce this myth. However, many of the negative characteristics of the angry Black woman developed in response to external stressors and historical factors. Black women also have a unique experience with and expressions of anger that shape the presenting symptoms interpreted by the mental health clinician. This myth and corresponding negative stereotypes significantly affect Black women intrapsychically, interpersonally, and are likely to influence the efficacy of mental health treatment. Understanding and treatment of Black women in a mental health context should be influenced by the cultural norms and sociopolitical dynamics affecting these clients. Successful mental health treatment requires cultural competence and clinicians who are well prepared to navigate the inherent complexities of culture with clients. Awareness of the angry Black woman mythology, including its genesis, manifestations, and the unique experiences of Black women, may raise the standards of cultural competence for clinicians and provide more successful treatment outcomes in working with this population. A case example illustrates the assiduity essential to practicing in a culturally competent manner. A client is presented from a traditional psychotherapeutic perspective and then viewed through a lens that integrates psychotherapeutic practice with conscious awareness of the mythology and stereotypes impacting Black women. Implications for culturally relevant practice are discussed.

  18. German philosophy, Freud, and the riddle of the woman.

    PubMed

    Makari, G J

    1991-01-01

    After Kant's critique of empiricism, subjectivist epistemologies cropped up in 19th-century German philosophy. Schopenhauer argued that the true essence of every object was an irrational and sexual will. This underlying will distorted a subject's knowledge of the world. Schopenhauer's notion of this true essence was analogous to his portrayal of women; they too were natural, irrational, and instinctual. Nietzsche postulated a will-to-power that structured and hence distorted a chaotic world. That structureless "real" world Nietzsche symbolized as the essential "truth of a woman," a truth which for Nietzsche was unknowable to the desirous male philosopher. Freud, while maintaining belief in empirical truth, developed a psychology of mis-knowledge which had much in common with Schopenhauer's epistemology. His theory of transference grew from a need to explain how female patients libidinally distorted the reality of their male analysts. Conversely, Freud's later writings on women are hampered by the author's realization of his own precarious and subjective position as man trying to know woman. These counter-transferential concerns ultimately made the woman's psychological essence an unknowable riddle for Freud.

  19. A will to youth: the woman's anti-aging elixir.

    PubMed

    Smirnova, Michelle Hannah

    2012-10-01

    The logic and cultural myths that buttress the cosmeceutical industry construct the older woman as a victim of old age, part of an "at-risk" population who must monitor, treat and prevent any markers of old age. A content and discourse analysis of 124 advertisements from the US More magazine between 1998 and 2008, revealed three major themes working together to produce this civic duty: (1) the inclusion of scientific and medical authorities in order to define the cosmeceutical as a 'drug' curing a disease, (2) descriptions of the similarities (and differences) between the abilities of cosmeceuticals and cosmetic surgery to restore one's youth, and (3) the logic equating youth with beauty, femininity and power and older age with the absence of these qualities. Together these intersecting logics produce the "will to youth"-the imperative of the aging woman to promote her youthful appearance by any and all available means. Further, by using images and references to fantasies and traditional fairytales, cosmeceutical advertisements both promise and normalize expectations of eternal youth of the aging woman.

  20. Mastocytosis as an unusual cause of hip fracture in an elderly woman.

    PubMed

    Yaqoob, Usman; Bhandari, Sahitya; Cheripalli, Praveen; Tangella, Krishnarao; Khaliq, Waseem

    2014-12-01

    Mastocytosis is a type of myeloproliferative neoplasm characterized by accumulation and proliferation of morphologically and immunophenotypically abnormal mast cells in 1 or more organ systems. Clinical manifestations vary depending upon the organ involved and chemical mediators released by mast cells along with constitutional symptoms and musculoskeletal complaints. We report a case of isolated bone marrow mastocytosis in an 87-year-old woman who presented with a fall resulting in proximal femur fracture. Bone marrow biopsy revealed mastocytosis, and no evidence of systemic involvement or peripheral mastocytosis was found. Physicians should be aware of this entity, especially in patients with osteoporosis.

  1. Spontaneous Rupture of Uterine Artery in a 14-Week Pregnant Woman

    PubMed Central

    de Carvalho, João Paulo Mancusi; Severo, Luciano Augusto de Carvalho; de Carvalho, Maria Helena Mancusi; Gomes, Mariano Tamura Vieira; Podgaec, Sergio

    2016-01-01

    We report a case of uterine artery rupture in a woman at 14 weeks' gestation who presented with abdominal pain, tachycardia, and hypotension and underwent a diagnostic laparoscopy. During this procedure, a spontaneous rupture of the left uterine artery was diagnosed and the surgery was converted into a laparotomy. The artery was bound to its origin and to its distal uterine portion. The patient exhibited excellent postoperative recovery and was discharged two days after the surgery. The pregnancy continued without other maternal or fetal complications, and the patient delivered a healthy newborn via cesarean section at 39 weeks of gestation. PMID:27891272

  2. Primary vaginal calculus in a middle-aged woman with mental and physical disabilities.

    PubMed

    Ikeda, Yuji; Oda, Katsutoshi; Matsuzawa, Naoki; Shimizu, Ken

    2013-07-01

    Vaginal calculi are rarely encountered and are often misdiagnosed as bladder calculi because of the difficulty in achieving an appropriate diagnosis. Most vaginal calculi result from the presence of a urethrovaginal fistula; those occurring in the absence of such fistulas are extremely rare. We present a case of a 42-year-old bedridden woman with mental and physical disabilities who had been misdiagnosed for a decade as having a bladder calculus. We removed the calculus nonsurgically and the analyzed the components. Results demonstrated the presence of a primary vaginal calculus. Vaginal calculi may occasionally occur in disabled women, but further investigation of the etiology of such calculi is required.

  3. Recurrent Streptococcus pyogenes genital infection in a woman: test and treat the partner!

    PubMed

    Verkaeren, Emilienne; Epelboin, Loïc; Epelboin, Sylvie; Boddaert, Nathalie; Brossier, Florence; Caumes, Eric

    2014-12-01

    Group A Streptococcus (GAS) is a well-known cause of vulvovaginitis in prepubescent girls, but it is rarely described in adult women. We describe the case of a 64-year-old woman who presented with endometritis revealed by GAS bacteraemia, followed by recurrent vulvovaginitis due to a wild-type strain of GAS. She relapsed twice despite amoxicillin treatment. Her husband was found to be an asymptomatic carrier after GAS was identified in nasal and rectal swabs. She was cured after eradication of carriage in both herself and her husband with amoxicillin and rifampin. When recurrent Streptococcus pyogenes genital infections occur, test and treat the partner.

  4. A Case of Cerebral Sinus Venous Thrombosis Resulting in Mortality in Severe Preeclamptic Pregnant Woman

    PubMed Central

    Soydinc, Hatice Ender; Ozler, Ali; Evsen, Mehmet Sıddık; Sak, Muhammet Erdal; Basaranoglu, Serdar; Dusak, Abdurrahim; Cetincakmak, Mehmet Guli

    2013-01-01

    Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a rarely encountered condition during pregnancy. A 21-year-old pregnant woman with labour pains was hospitalized in our clinic. Diagnosis of severe preeclampsia was made based on her clinical and laboratory findings. She suffered from convulsive episodes during postpartum period which lead to initiation of treatment for eclampsia. However neurological and radiological examinations were performed after emergence of additional neurological symptoms disclosed the diagnosis of CVST. In this paper, we aimed to present a case with CVST which diagnosis was confused with eclampsia and resulting in maternal mortality. PMID:23509646

  5. Aortic Coarctation Diagnosed During Pregnancy in a Woman With Repaired Tetralogy of Fallot.

    PubMed

    Jalal, Zakaria; Iriart, Xavier; Thambo, Jean-Benoit

    2015-09-01

    Aortic coarctation is thought to be a rare condition in patients with tetralogy of Fallot. We report the case of a 26 year old woman presenting with systemic hypertension at 17 weeks of pregnancy after repair of tetralogy of Fallot in childhood. Echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed right aortic arch with severe isthmic coarctation. Her blood pressure was controlled medically during the rest of her pregnancy, and delivery was uneventful. Successful transcatheter placement of a covered stent at the level of the coarctation was performed after delivery. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of aortic coarctation diagnosed in an adult patient late after repair of tetralogy of Fallot.

  6. Recurrent escitalopram-induced hyponatremia in an elderly woman with dementia with Lewy bodies.

    PubMed

    Tsai, Po-Hsin; Chen, Hsi-Chung; Liao, Shih-Cheng; Tseng, Mei-Chih Meg; Lee, Ming-Been

    2012-01-01

    We report the development of hyponatremia following initiation of escitalopram therapy in a 73-year-old woman. The patient, with a history of dementia with Lewy bodies, had presented with multiple neuropsychiatric symptoms. Within 2 months of escitalopram, she became delirious with a serum sodium level of 122 mmol/L. After discontinuation of escitalopram, her consciousness improved with resolving hyponatremia. Delirium and hyponatremia (122 mmol/L), however, recurred after escitalopram was rechallenged. Apart from eight other cases to date, this is the only one with recurrent hyponatremia. Rechallenge of the same antidepressant is discouraged especially in patients at risk of developing hyponatremia.

  7. A 64-Year-Old Woman with Chest Pain, Limb Weakness, and Endometrial Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Kherad, Omar; Petriccioli, Nicole; Lobrinus, Johannes Alexander; Guerne, Pierre-André A.

    2017-01-01

    Necrotizing autoimmune myopathy (NAM) is a rare subgroup of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM). This pathology usually affects proximal limb muscles and in some cases the myocardium. Patients usually display proximal limb weakness. Muscular biopsy is required to confirm the diagnosis. We report the case of a 64-year-old woman with an atypical first presentation of NAM, manifested by chest pain in the context of metastatic endometrial cancer. The diagnosis of NAM was however made when she returned a second time with proximal limb weakness. A treatment with prednisone was then initiated, to which rituximab was rapidly associated, beside a specific chemotherapy. PMID:28373922

  8. Treatment of metastatic urachal adenocarcinoma in a young woman: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    A 30-year-old woman with a history of smoking presented with abdominal pain and haematuria. On physical examination, she had a palpable pelvic mass. Imaging revealed a large pelvic mass located on the dome of the bladder, extending from the urachus, with pulmonary metastases. After open biopsy, urachal adenocarcinoma was histologically confirmed. The patient received six cycles of palliative chemotherapy combination 5 fluorouracil and irinotecan with complete response on the pelvic mass and partial response estimated to more than 80% on pulmonary metastasis. PMID:20062662

  9. Mixed squamous cell and glandular papilloma of the lung in a 64-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Yun, Ju Sik; Kim, Do Wan; Choi, Yoo Duk; Na, Kook Joo; Song, Sang Yun

    2014-02-01

    Mixed squamous cell and glandular papilloma of the lung is an extremely rare benign epithelial tumor showing a mixture of squamous and glandular epithelium. Here, we report a case of mixed squamous cell and glandular papilloma that presented as a solitary nodule in the left lower lobe of a 64-year-old woman. Chest computed tomography demonstrated a lobulated mass in the basal segment of the left lower lobe. The patient underwent a lobectomy under the suspicion of lung malignancy. The histopathological diagnosis was mixed squamous cell and glandular papilloma.

  10. Dysplasia Epiphysealis Hemimelica (Trevor Syndrome) of Talus in a 21-Year Old Woman; Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Sadeghifar, Amir R; Heshmati, Afshin Ahmadzadeh

    2014-01-01

    Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica is a rare nonhereditary epiphyseal disease that mimics synovial chondromatosis and osteochondroma of the joints. The disease mainly involves long bones of the lower extremities and tarsal bones. Herein we report 21-year old woman who presented with pain and limited range of ankle motion, who underwent surgical excision of talus exostosis after preoperative imaging and careful planning. after that she was discharged and her problem improved and she have no problem in three year follow up. pathologic examination of specimen confirm the diagnosis. PMID:25207317

  11. Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy in an Adult Woman With Repaired Tetralogy of Fallot.

    PubMed

    Nguyen, Lan T; Schelbert, Erik B; Cook, Stephen C

    2016-05-01

    Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a reversible form of cardiomyopathy rarely reported in the adult congenital patient. We describe a case of a 49-year-old woman with repaired tetralogy of Fallot who presented with acute dyspnea. A 12-lead electrocardiogram revealed diffuse anterolateral T-wave inversion suggestive of myocardial ischemia. Cardiac catheterization was performed, demonstrating angiographically normal coronary arteries. A cardiovascular magnetic resonance examination showed apical akinesis with associated myocardial edema, but no myocardial damage on late gadolinium enhancement imaging, which is a characteristic of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. The patient was treated medically. A follow-up echocardiogram demonstrated normalization of left ventricular systolic function and apical wall motion abnormalities.

  12. 'Gushing Out Blood': Defloration and Menstruation in Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure.

    PubMed

    Read, Sara

    2016-12-26

    John Cleland's 1740s pornographic novel, Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure repeatedly depicts and eroticises the act of defloration. As such it is a revealing illustration of what Ivan Bloch termed the 'defloration mania' of the eighteenth century. This article maps narrative events on to contemporary medical depictions of first intercourse to show the ways that the theories and ideas presented in medical and pseudo-medical texts transferred into erotic fiction and demonstrates how in some instances the bloody defloration scenes can be read as being sex during menstruation, an act which was culturally forbidden at this time.

  13. Normochromic normocytic anemia in a postmenopausal woman with severe osteoporosis treated with intermittent parathyroid hormone.

    PubMed

    Anastasilakis, Athanasios D; Savvides, Mattheos; Polyzos, Stergios A; Georgopoulos, Christos; Delaroudis, Sideris

    2010-01-01

    Intermittent exogenous parathyroid hormone (PTH) is a potent osteoanabolic agent used for the treatment of severe osteoporosis. Two molecules of recombinant PTH are commercially available: the full-length PTH (PTH 1-84) and teriparatide (PTH 1-34). We present the first report of PTH-induced mild, asymptomatic, normochromic normocytic anemia in a postmenopausal woman treated sequentially with PTH 1-84 and PTH 1-34. Anemia was more pronounced with PTH 1-84 compared to PTH 1-34 and was reversed with each regimen discontinuation. We suggest monitoring of hematocrit and hemoglobin in PTH-treated patients, especially when PTH 1-84 is used.

  14. Fatal lymphomatoid granulomatosis with primary CNS-involvement in an immunocompetent 80-year-old woman

    PubMed Central

    Olmes, David G; Agaimy, Abbas; Kloska, Stephan; Linker, Ralf A

    2014-01-01

    An 80-year-old woman presented with weight loss, fatigue, dizziness and a brain stem lesion. Extensive work-up revealed lymphomatoid granulomatosis (LYG) with primary clinical manifestation in the central nervous system (CNS), a rare Epstein-Barr virus-driven multisystem lymphoproliferative disorder, to be causative for the symptoms. Immunochemotherapy consisting of rituximab and temozolomide was started, but the disease progressed and the patient subsequently died. Histology, diagnostic criteria, differential diagnosis and treatment options for LYG with CNS involvement are discussed. This case demonstrates that LYG with CNS involvement may necessitate more aggressive treatment approaches than combination therapy with rituximab and temozolomide. PMID:25535225

  15. Severe iron deficiency anaemia associated with heavy lice infestation in a young woman.

    PubMed

    Althomali, Sarah Ali; Alzubaidi, Lamya Mohammed; Alkhaldi, Dhelal Musleh

    2015-11-05

    Lice feed on human blood, and heavy and chronic lice infestation can lead to chronic blood loss with resultant iron deficiency anaemia. Although no definite relationship between lice infestation and iron deficiency anaemia has been described, the concurrent presence of these two conditions has been reported in children and adults, as well as in cattle. We present a case of a young woman with severe iron deficiency anaemia that could not be explained by the known causes of iron deficiency anaemia. However, the patient was found to have heavy and chronic head lice infestation.

  16. Vulvar Abscess Caused by Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) in a Postmenopausal Woman

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Tae-Hee; Kim, Soo Ah; Heo, Gyeong-Eun

    2016-01-01

    Infections of the vulva can present a complex differential to the gynecologist, ranging from superficial skin infections to lifethreatening necrotizing fasciitis. Recognition and timely treatment remain universal to skin and soft-tissue infections as the subcutaneous anatomy of the vulva can facilitate rapid spread to other tissues with significant morbidity and mortality. Employing a multidisciplinary team approach to care for vulvar cellulitis and abscess can guide treatment from antibiotic therapies to more aggressive surgical debridement. In this report, we describe a case of vulvar abscess caused by Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in a postmenopausal woman with underlying diseases of bronchiectasis and atelectasis. PMID:27617247

  17. A 54-year-old woman with premature ventricular complexes and a rapidly changing ECG

    PubMed Central

    Bencharif, Sarah; Leung, Lawrence

    2015-01-01

    Premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) are common findings in asymptomatic participants during ECG recordings. While most PVCs are treated conservatively, some patients may develop adverse cardiac events needing further investigations and definitive ablation by radiofrequency. Spectral strain ultrasonography has demonstrated ventricular dysfunction as a sequel to high burden PVCs, but the exact underlying pathophysiology is still uncertain. Cohort studies have associated PVCs with increased risks for overall cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and yet consensus is still lacking for threshold in treating PVCs. Our case is that of a 54-year-old woman with an unusual bradycardiac presentation of PVCs and an ECG that changed rapidly within minutes. PMID:25827918

  18. The cauda equina syndrome in pregnant woman with a massive disc herniation.

    PubMed

    Antón Capitán, B; Malillos Torán, M

    Low back pain during pregnancy is a common cause of medical consultation. Although back pain is very common, the incidence of low back pain secondary to lumbar disk herniation in pregnancy is low (1: 10,000). Cauda equina syndrome from lumbar disk herniation is a serious complication. The delay in diagnosis and treatment can be a cause of chronic disability secondary to neurological sequelae. Numerous cases of disk herniation in pregnancy have been reported, however the association of a cauda equina syndrome as a result of disk herniation is rare. A case is presented of cauda equina syndrome in a pregnant woman at 12-week gestation.

  19. Termination of idiopathic sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia by intravenous adenosine in a pregnant woman.

    PubMed

    Hasdemir, Can; Musayev, Oktay; Alkan, Mustafa B; Can, Levent H; Kultursay, Hakan

    2009-11-01

    A 34-year-old pregnant woman presented to the emergency department with the complaints of palpitations at 32 weeks gestation. The diagnosis of right ventricular outflow tract ventricular tachycardia (VT) was made. Intravenous 5 mg of metoprolol and 25 mg of diltiazem did not terminate the VT. Ten milligrams of adenosine were administered. Within 10 s of adenosine administration, sustained VT converted to repetitive monomorphic VT and within 30 s to normal sinus rhythm. The mother and the foetus tolerated the medications well. Non-stress test for the assessment of the foetal well-being was normal.

  20. Primary Hyperparathyroidism with Extensive Brown Tumors and Multiple Fractures in a 20-Year-Old Woman

    PubMed Central

    Choi, Ju Hee; Kim, Kyoung Jin; Lee, Ye Jin; Kim, Sun Hwa; Kim, Sin Gon; Jung, Kwang Yoon; Choi, Dong Seop

    2015-01-01

    A brown tumor is a benign fibrotic, erosive bony lesion caused by localized, rapid osteoclastic turnover, resulting from hyperparathyroidism. Although brown tumors are one of the most pathognomonic signs of primary hyperparathyroidism, they are rarely seen in clinical practice. In this report, we present a case of 20-year-old woman with recurrent fractures and bone pain. Plain digital radiographs of the affected bones revealed multiple erosive bone tumors, which were finally diagnosed as brown tumors associated with primary hyperparathyroidism due to a parathyroid adenoma. This case shows that multiple, and clinically severe form of brown tumors can even occur in young patients. PMID:26354493

  1. Splenic Pseudoaneursym as the Cause of Recurrent Gastrointestinal Bleeding in a Woman With Diffuse Scleroderma.

    PubMed

    Hartman, Joshua; Protano, Marion-Anna; Jaffin, Barry

    2015-01-01

    A 67-year-old woman with a 15-year history of intestinal scleroderma presented with recurrent melena. Upper endoscopies revealed a healing, non-bleeding, large gastric ulcer. After the third bleed, angiography demonstrated bleeding from a splenic artery pseudoaneurysm adjacent to the gastric ulcer. Scleroderma patients are at risk of bleeding from esophagitis or gastric arteriovenous malformations, while splenic artery pseudoaneurysms are primarily attributed to pancreatitis and trauma. This is the first reported case of gastrointestinal bleeding from a splenic artery pseudoaneurysm in a patient with intestinal scleroderma and a large gastric ulcer.

  2. Acquired haemophilia A in a woman with autoimmune hepatitis and systemic lupus erythematosus; review of literature.

    PubMed

    Rezaieyazdi, Zahra; Sharifi-Doloui, Davood; Hashemzadeh, Kamila; Shirdel, Abbas; Mansouritorghabeh, Hassan

    2012-01-01

    Acquired haemophilia A, secondary to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a rare bleeding diathesis. Here we report a 37-year-old woman with autoimmune hepatitis who developed SLE and acquired haemophilia caused by factor VIII inhibitors. She presented with spontaneous ecchymosis and haematuria. There were a prolongation of the activated partial thromboplastin time, reduced factor VIII activity and a high titer of FVIII inhibitors. Therapeutic regimen was started with intravenous methylprednisolone pulse, continued with prednisolone, intravenous pulse cyclophosphamide and fresh frozen plasma. After 8 weeks, factor VIII inhibitor assay was negative.

  3. Acquired haemophilia A in a woman with autoimmune hepatitis and systemic lupus erythematosus: review of literature.

    PubMed

    Rezaieyazdi, Zahra; Sharifi-Doloui, Davood; Hashemzadeh, Kamila; Shirdel, Abbas; Mansouritorghabeh, Hassan

    2011-12-01

    Acquired haemophilia A, secondary to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), is a rare bleeding diathesis. Here we report a 37-year-old woman with autoimmune hepatitis who developed SLE and acquired haemophilia caused by factor VIII (fVIII) inhibitors. She presented with spontaneous ecchymosis and haematuria. There were a prolongation of the activated partial thromboplastin time, reduced fVIII activity and a high titre of fVIII inhibitors. Therapeutic regimen was started with intravenous methylprednisolone pulse, continued with prednisolone, intravenous pulse cyclophosphamide and fresh frozen plasma. After 8 weeks, fVIII inhibitor assay was negative.

  4. Skin eruption and thrombocytopaenia in a woman with glaucoma: a case report.

    PubMed

    Santos, V M; Castro, R A; Lima, C C; Moraes, M B; Sugai, T A M

    2010-01-01

    Antibiotic and non-antibiotic sulphonamides are often prescribed. Although chemical differences make cross-reactivity rare, reactions may be severe in patients allergic to sulphur. Adverse reactions are common with sulphonamides but low platelets and skin changes are rarely associated with eye-drops for glaucoma. A woman treated with dorzolamide and timolol presented with disseminated eruption. On admission, her physical examination was unremarkable except for the skin changes and severe thrombocytopaenia was detected. Skin biopsy showed hyperkeratosis, acanthosis, perivascular and periadnexal infiltrates with no vasculitis. After discontinuation of eye-drops, the eruption improved but low platelets persisted. Skin changes reappeared with use of dapsone which suggested sulphonamide cross-reactivity.

  5. Successful treatment of a young woman with acute complicated myocardial infarction

    PubMed Central

    Serpytis, Pranas; Kibarskis, Aleksandras; Katkus, Rimgaudas; Samalavicius, Robertas; Glaveskaite, Sigita; Rackauskas, Gediminas

    2013-01-01

    Therapeutic hypothermia is method used to improve the neurological status of patients who are at risk of ischaemia after myocardial infarction. We report a case of a 28-year-old woman who suffered acute myocardial infarction complicated by ventricular fibrillation. The patient was successfully resuscitated. Invasive and non-invasive medical treatment was applied including therapeutic hypothermia. Success was achieved due to adequate public reaction, fast transportation, blood vessel revascularization and application of therapeutic hypothermia. The patient was successfully discharged after one week of treatment, and just minor changes in heart function were present. PMID:24570755

  6. Fixed drug eruption associated with intravenous contrast media: report in a woman receiving iohexol.

    PubMed

    Wright, Natalie A; Cohen, Philip R

    2011-07-01

    Fixed drug eruption, a medication-associated mucocutaneous reaction, rarely presents as a delayed adverse reaction to intravenous non-ionic contrast media. We describe a 57-year-old woman with a history of metastatic renal cell carcinoma who repeatedly developed a sharply demarcated, erythematous patch on her left breast after receiving the iodinated non-ionic contrast media iohexol for staging computed tomography scans. Recurrent fixed drug eruption may be avoided by using another contrast medium. Prophylactic treatment with systemic corticosteroids may prevent repeated fixed drug eruption if an alternative contrast agent cannot be used.

  7. Sclerosing lymphocytic lobulitis manifesting as suspicious microcalcifications with Hashimoto's thyroiditis in a young woman.

    PubMed

    Park, Sung Hee; Choi, Seung Joon; Jung, Hyun Kyung

    2013-01-01

    Sclerosing lymphocytic lobulitis (SLL) is a rare inflammatory disorder, which is also known as fibrous mastopathy and lymphocytic mastitis. It is commonly associated with autoimmune disorders, particularly type 1 diabetes and thyroiditis. We report the case of a 28-year-old woman diagnosed as SLL with Hashimoto's thyroiditis, but without diabetes. She presented suspicious microcalcifications without palpable mass in routine mammograms in both breasts. She had been diagnosed as Hashimoto's thyroiditis several years before and had been followed up in endo-clinics.

  8. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection in a young woman with polycystic ovarian syndrome.

    PubMed

    Mirra, Marco; Kola, Nertil; Mattiello, Giacomo; Morisco, Carmine; Spinelli, Letizia

    2016-12-16

    Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) affects 4% to 12% of women in reproductive age, representing a clinical condition that could predispose to cardiovascular diseases. We report a case of a 34-year-old woman with PCOS, presenting with chest pain, onset two days before, and ST segment-elevation myocardial infarction. She was not pregnant or in a postpartum state. Subsequent cardiac angiography revealed spontaneous left anterior descending coronary artery dissections, managed by conservative approach. The patient was discharged in medical therapy after 5days. This is the first observation of spontaneous coronary artery dissection occurring in a PCOS patient.

  9. The Significance of Career Narrative in Examining a High-Achieving Woman's Career

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elley-Brown, Margaret J.

    2011-01-01

    In this qualitative study, the career journey of one New Zealand woman was analysed. Three key findings emerged: the power of narrative as a vehicle for this woman's story, her movement towards greater authenticity and spiritual fulfilment as a mature woman, and the ongoing struggle for concurrent fulfilment from communal and agentic perspectives.…

  10. 76 FR 78569 - Medical Benefits for Newborn Children of Certain Woman Veterans

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-19

    ... AFFAIRS 38 CFR Part 17 RIN 2900-AO05 Medical Benefits for Newborn Children of Certain Woman Veterans... to provide certain health care services to a newborn child of a woman veteran who is receiving... woman veteran who is receiving maternity care furnished by for not more than seven days after the...

  11. Iconizing the Modern Woman: New Symbols in the Same Old Myth.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deming, Caren J.

    Current television programs create an image of modern woman that is vastly different from the real modern woman as she is reflected in social statistics. Today's average woman can be described as follows: 30 years old, possibly single, employed outside the home, independent and self reliant, sophisticated in tastes and expectations, and concerned…

  12. Vulvar Pyogenic Granuloma in a Postmenopausal Woman: Case Report and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Arikan, Deniz Cemgil; Kiran, Gurkan; Sayar, Hamide; Kostu, Bulent; Coskun, Ayhan; Kiran, Hakan

    2011-01-01

    Introduction. Although pyogenic granulomas (PG) are common and benign vascular proliferations of the skin and mucous membranes, they are relatively rare on the vulva. Case Presentation. A 57-year-old G7P7 postmenopausal woman presented with a 3-year history of a foul smell and bleeding lesions in the genital region. A gynecologic examination revealed multiple large papillomatous, pedunculated, and lobulated lesions that were cherry-red and infective in appearance. There was a 2-cm lesion at the upper intersection of the labia majora, a 2-cm lesion on the right labium majus, and a 4-cm lesion on the clitoris. The patient complained of itching, and the lesions were asymptomatic, except for occasional bleeding. All lesions were excised and sent for histopathological examination, which revealed an ulcerated polypoidal structure with extensive proliferation of vascular channels lined by a single layer of endothelium. The histopathological features were consistent with PG. Conclusion. The present case is the first case of multiple pyogenic granulomas on the vulva in a postmenopausal woman. PMID:21912553

  13. A Healthy Young Woman with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: an unfamiliar face of a familiar disease

    PubMed Central

    Sheybani, Fereshte; Naderi, Hamid Reza; Moghaddam, Ahmad Bagheri; Amiri, Bezat

    2016-01-01

    The presented case features a rare manifestation of pulmonary tuberculosis in a previously healthy young woman who had acute presentation of tuberculous pneumonia complicated by acute respiratory distress syndrome. In developing countries, mycobacterium tuberculosis is an important cause of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). TB can present as an acute process and should be included in the differential diagnosis of CAP. This case is special in its manifestation from several clinical perspectives, including the lack of an underlying medical condition or immune defect and the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in non-miliary and non-disseminated tuberculosis. In conclusion, the diagnosis of TB should be considered in all patients who present with CAP in endemic regions. PMID:27957312

  14. Pregnancy outcome in a woman with prune belly syndrome.

    PubMed

    Hillman, R Tyler; Garabedian, Matthew James; Wallerstein, Robert J

    2012-11-30

    Prune belly syndrome is a rare congenital syndrome that primarily affects male fetuses. Affected men are universally infertile; however, there is a paucity of information published on the reproductive potential of affected women. Pregnancy outcomes in affected women have not been described in the literature. We describe the case of pregnancy in an affected woman. Her pregnancy progressed without complication. Her fetus had no stigmata of the syndrome. Her labour and delivery were, however, complicated by a prolonged second stage of labour and need for vacuum-assisted vaginal delivery.

  15. Being a woman researcher in an Anatolian village

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    This essay represents the first editorial of the series "Recollections, Reflections, and Revelations: Ethnobiologists and their First Time in the Field". In this memoir, the author details the evolvement and intellectual progression of her research focusing on wild food plant consumption within a remote community in the high steppes of Central Anatolia during the early Nineties. The author conveys a human learning journey as a woman and an ethnobiologist, reflecting on the methodological bottlenecks and solutions during her first ethnographic experience in the field. PMID:23819702

  16. Outline, mental states, and drawings by a blind woman.

    PubMed

    Kennedy, John M

    2009-01-01

    Outline pictures depict surface edges, and via extensions from this base they can represent sensory and psychological referents. Outline drawings standing for edges of surfaces are relatively ancient, and lines for actions, sounds, and psychological states quite recent--mostly little more than a century. The novel finding here is that lines for psychological states of several kinds are invented by a blind woman, EW, who began making raised-line drawings as an adult. Notably, she invented novel devices representing thoughts and emotional impressions. If lines depict surface edges literally, they depict motion, sensory effects, impressions, and thoughts metaphorically.

  17. A 50-Year-Old Woman Addicted to Heroin

    PubMed Central

    O’Brien, Charles P.

    2011-01-01

    Heroin addiction is a complicated medical and psychiatric issue, with well-established as well as newer modes of treatment. The case of Ms W, a 50-year-old woman with a long history of opiate addiction who has been treated successfully with methadone for 9 years and who now would like to consider newer alternatives, illustrates the complex issues of heroin addiction. The treatment of heroin addiction as a chronic disease is reviewed, including social, medical, and cultural issues and pharmacologic treatment with methadone and the more experimental medication options of buprenorphine and naltrexone. PMID:18594026

  18. Does a woman's educational attainment influence in vitro fertilization outcomes?

    PubMed

    Mahalingaiah, Shruthi; Berry, Katharine F; Hornstein, Mark D; Cramer, Daniel W; Missmer, Stacey A

    2011-06-30

    The association between educational level and cycle outcomes was quantified by applying multivariable logistic and linear regression within a prospective cohort of 2,569 women commencing their first in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle. Although a woman's educational attainment was not associated with the likelihood of implantation failure, chemical pregnancy, spontaneous abortion, or live birth, the odds of cycle cancellation before egg retrieval were 40% lower among those with an college degree and 48% lower among those with graduate school attendance compared with women who had no college degree, suggesting that educational attainment is inversely associated with the likelihood of cycle cancellation.

  19. A Case of Nonuremic Calciphylaxis in a Caucasian Woman

    PubMed Central

    Valecha, Nishant; Miller, Andrew

    2017-01-01

    We report a case of nonuremic calcific arteriolopathy (NUCA) in an 82-year-old Caucasian woman from rural Australia. The patient had no history of kidney disease or dialysis. NUCA is rare disease suspected on cutaneous and clinical features and diagnosed by characteristic findings on skin biopsy and vasculature imaging. Calcification induced microvascular occlusion in the absence of renal failure may not be immediately apparent. Clinical suspicion and appropriate investigations are essential for making a diagnosis. A diagnosis of NUCA may be missed given the rarity of the disease, and dermatologists and patients alike would benefit from a greater awareness of this disease. PMID:28191356

  20. Bilateral Radial Head Fractures in a Woman With Trivial Trauma

    PubMed Central

    Shariff, Zakir; Patel, Kuntal J.; Elbo, A.; Guisasola, I.

    2005-01-01

    Radial head fractures are common injuries, occurring in about 20% of all acute elbow injuries. Isolated radial head fractures are not common and include about 2% of all fractures around the elbow. Bilateral radial head fractures are rare and usually associated with severe trauma and associated fractures and dislocations. We report a case of bilateral undisplaced radial head fracture in a woman, following a simple fall. Early recognition, proper management, and physical therapy led to complete recovery and full functional movement of the elbow. PMID:16369234

  1. Late-onset monomelic amyotrophy in a Caucasian woman.

    PubMed

    Patel, Dharmesh R; Knepper, Laurie; Jones, H Royden

    2008-01-01

    We describe a 53-year-old Caucasian woman with a 19-year history of an evolving amyotrophy confined to her dominant right arm and hand. Although this atypical case of a late-onset monomelic amyotrophy in some respects mimics Hirayama disease or O'Sullivan-McLeod syndrome, it does not conform precisely with either of those disorders. We compare this individual's difficulties and clinical temporal profile to other disorders considered in the differential diagnoses with regard to her evolving clinical setting.

  2. [A 74-year-old woman with macrocytic anemia].

    PubMed

    Picardi, A; Navajas, F; Spoto, S; Palma Modoni, A; De Galasso, L; Costantino, S

    2002-01-01

    A seventy-four years old woman is assessed for asthenia, fatigue, non ulcerous dyspepsia with macrocytic anemia. The patient's medical history taking in Binswanger disease--diagnosed 5 aa before-, epilepsy-2 aa before- and a previous episode of TVP of the left leg, suggested the hypothesis that a B12 deficiency, by a chronic gastritis, would involve an increase of homocysteine cause of the clinical manifestations of megaloblastic anemia, Binswanger disease, tardive epilepsy and previous TVP. The fisic and blood and instrumental exams confirmed the clinical diagnosis. The patient is having vitamin B12.

  3. Klebsiella pneumoniae necrotizing fasciitis of the leg in an elderly French woman.

    PubMed

    Monié, Marguerite; Drieux, Laurence; Nzili, Bernadette; Dicko, Michèle; Goursot, Catherine; Greffard, Sandrine; Decré, Dominique; Mézière, Anthony

    2014-01-01

    Klebsiella pneumoniae necrotizing fasciitis is a rare infection in regions outside of Asia. Here, we present a case of necrotizing fasciitis of the leg caused by K. pneumoniae in a 92-year-old French woman hospitalized in a geriatric rehabilitation unit. The patient initially presented with dermohypodermitis of the leg that developed from a dirty wound following a fall. A few hours later, this painful injury extended to the entire lower limb, with purplish discoloration of the skin, bullae, and necrosis. Septic shock rapidly appeared and the patient died 9 hours after the onset of symptoms. The patient was Caucasian, with no history of travel to Asia or any underlying disease. Computed tomography revealed no infectious metastatic loci. Blood cultures showed growth of capsular serotype K2 K. pneumoniae strains with virulence factors RmpA, yersiniabactin and aerobactin. This rare and fatal case of necrotizing fasciitis caused by a virulent strain of K. pneumoniae occurred in a hospitalized elderly woman without risk factors. Clinicians and geriatricians in particular should be aware of this important albeit unusual differential diagnosis.

  4. Sheehan's syndrome presenting as psychosis: a rare clinical presentation.

    PubMed

    Shoib, Sheikh; Dar, Mohamand Maqbool; Arif, Tasleem; Bashir, Haamid; Bhat, Mohammad Hayat; Ahmed, Javid

    2013-02-01

    Sheehan's syndrome (SS) refers to the occurrence of varying degree of hypopituitarism after parturition (1). It is a rare cause of hypopituitarism in developed countries owing to advances in obstetric care and its frequency is decreasing worldwide. However, it is still frequent in underdeveloped and developing countries. Sheehan's syndrome is often diagnosed late as it evolves slowly (2,3). Reports of psychoses in patients with Sheehan's syndrome are rare. Herein, a case report of psychosis in a 31 year old woman who developed Sheehan's syndrome preceded by postpartum haemorrhage is presented. Treatment with thyroxine and glucocorticoids resulted in complete remission after attaining euthyroid and eucortisolemic state.

  5. Paradoxical punishment as it relates to the battered woman syndrome.

    PubMed

    Long, G M; McNamara, J R

    1989-04-01

    The main goal of this article is to suggest some processes by which the behavioral interactions of an abusive couple can be developed and maintained. A summary of these processes as they have been adapted from the animal analog and human research follows. First, the pairing of abuse (punishment) with love and affection (reinforcement) could indicate that the battered woman responds to the reinforcement that follows an abusive incident. Second, the battered woman may seek to escape the fear of the tension-building phase but during the escape behavior she is punished (physical abuse), which fortifies and strengthens her initial fear. However, after the abusive incident, there is an absence of tension and fear (negative reinforcement) compounded by the positive reinforcement of the contrition phase. Thus, a cyclical pattern of behavior evolves and sustains itself. Possibly augmenting the vicious cycle is habituation or negative adaptation to the physical abuse, as well as the lack of opportunities to learn adaptive behavioral responses that may break the cycle of violence. Finally, the need for primary reinforcement (i.e., love and affection) may be so powerful that it somewhat mitigates the abuse endured to obtain it.

  6. Tardive dyskinesia occurring in a young woman after withdrawal of an atypical antipsychotic drug

    PubMed Central

    Alblowi, Mohammed A.; Alosaimi, Fahad D.

    2015-01-01

    Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is one of the most serious and disturbing side-effects of dopamine receptor antagonists. It affects 20-50% of patients on long-term antipsychotic therapy. The pathophysiology of TD remains poorly understood, and treatment is often challenging. Here, we present a 32-year-old woman presenting with a 9-month history of TD occurring after risperidone withdrawal, and characterized almost exclusively by tongue protrusion. After being seen by different specialties and undergoing multiple investigations, she was eventually correctly diagnosed with TD by a specialist team and successfully treated with amantadine. Vigilance and awareness of this condition and its risk factors are required to make the correct diagnosis, especially in cases with unusual presentations caused by atypical antipsychotics, and treatment can be challenging. PMID:26492119

  7. Viable intrauterine pregnancy after spontaneous bilateral tubal ectopics in a multiparous woman: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Bilateral ectopic pregnancies are increasing due to an increase in the incidence of pelvic inflammatory disease and increase in assisted reproductive techniques. Spontaneous conception after bilateral ectopic pregnancies is extremely rare. Case presentation A 33-year-old Indian woman presented with ruptured ectopic pregnancy associated with hemoperitoneum for which she underwent a laparotomy. The diagnosis of bilateral ectopic pregnancies was made during surgery. Salpingectomy was done on one side and the other tube was conserved with salpingostomy. Six months after surgery, she conceived spontaneously and a transvaginal ultrasound examination revealed a 5-weeks live intrauterine pregnancy. Conclusion A meticulous surgical technique conserving one fallopian tube resulted in subsequent viable intrauterine pregnancy. The approach to such a case along with steps to minimize tubal damage is presented. PMID:23786635

  8. Tuberculous mastitis simulating carcinoma of the breast in a young Nigerian woman: a case report.

    PubMed

    Sabageh, Donatus; Amao, Emmanuel Afolabi; Ayo-Aderibigbe A, Adebisi; Sabageh, Adedayo Olukemi

    2015-01-01

    Tuberculous mastitis is an uncommon disease even in countries where tuberculosis is highly endemic. It typically presents a diagnostic challenge masquerading as carcinoma or other primary disease of the breast. We report the case of a young multiparous Nigerian woman who presented with a tender left breast lump and enlargement of the left axillary lymph nodes for which a provisional diagnosis of carcinoma of the breast was made after clinical and radiological evaluation. The mass was pathologically diagnosed as tuberculous mastitis and anti-tuberculous therapy was instituted although she later absconded. This case shows that TM may present a diagnostic challenge on clinical, radiologic and microbiological investigation. Therefore, a high index of suspicion as well as FNAC and/or histological evaluation of tissue samples remain very important its diagnosis.

  9. A rare case of watermelon stomach in woman with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis and systemic lupus erythematosus.

    PubMed

    Jinga, Mariana; Checheriţă, I A; Becheanu, G; Jinga, V; Peride, Ileana; Niculae, A

    2013-01-01

    We report a case of a 42-year-old woman with systemic lupus erythematosus and chronic kidney disease stage 5 undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, presenting asthenia, dizziness, abdominal pain and small efforts dyspnea. After a complete physical and clinical examination, including laboratory tests, esophagogastroduodenal endoscopy and gastric lesions biopsy, she was diagnosed with gastric antral vascular ectasia. We are facing a rare case of antral vascular ectasia in a patient associating both chronic kidney disease and autoimmune disease.

  10. Uterine rupture in second trimester abortion in a grand multiparous woman. A complication of misoprostol and oxytocin.

    PubMed

    Al-Hussaini, T K

    2001-06-01

    Rupture of unscarred uterus during the second trimester is rare. There have been only 32 cases reported in the literature since 1968. A case of ruptured uterus in a grand multiparous woman is presented. To our knowledge, this might be the first reported case in the English literature of uterine rupture during second trimester termination of pregnancy using a prostaglandin E1 analogue (Misoprostol) and oxytocin.

  11. Apparent Rarity of Asymptomatic Herpes Cervicitis in a Woman with Intra-Uterine Contraceptive Device

    PubMed Central

    Okolo, Abu Clement; Manga, Mohammed Mohammed; Anaedobe, Chinenye Gloria; Salami, Ayodeji Akeem; Akang, Effiong Essien Udo

    2013-01-01

    Infection with genital herpes simplex virus (HSV) remains a common viral sexually transmitted disease, often subclinical and a major worldwide problem of women of reproductive age group. Herpes cervicitis is an unusual presentation of Herpes simplex virus infection in females. The finding of herpes cervicitis on routine pap smear of an asymptomatic woman on Intrauterine contraceptive device still further supports the need for increased awareness on the possibility of Herpes simplex virus infection among women, particularly those on Intrauterine contraceptive device. The index case is a 28 years old Nigerian female who was referred to our Special Treatment Clinic on account of an abnormal pap smear cytology which was in keeping with Herpes cervicitis. There was no history of genital ulcer in this patient; however ELISA for HSV 2 IgM was positive in her. We therefore describe a case of herpes cervicitis in an asymptomatic woman on intrauterine contraceptive device. This case highlights to clinicians the need to be aware of the possibility of this association and to carry out relevant investigations so as to identify and treat these patients appropriately. Therefore, there is a need to put in place adequate public health intervention strategy to prevent genital herpes in women of reproductive age group with a view to preventing the possibility of congenital herpes in subsequent pregnancy.

  12. Delivery presentations

    MedlinePlus

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000621.htm Delivery presentations To use the sharing features on this page, ... baby by cesarean birth (C-section) . Less Common Presentations With the brow-first position, the baby's head ...

  13. Voices from the margin: a case study of a rural lesbian's experience with woman-to-woman sexual violence.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yu-Wei

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this case study is to understand how a lesbian survivor coped with traumatic stress resulting from woman-to-woman sexual violence in a rural context. This research was grounded on the feminist paradigm, and the case study approach was used for data collection and analysis. The results indicate that the lesbian survivor encountered numerous obstacles to admitting the rape and seeking help. A number of these perceived challenges were associated with the rural sociocultural context (e.g., conservative culture, religious fundamentalism, low levels of anonymity, small gay/lesbian communities, and geographical isolation), myths of lesbian utopia, a heterosexist legal system, and a lack of lesbian-friendly helping resources. Despite being confronted with numerous challenges, the survivor demonstrated her resilience through the use of a variety of strategies to cope with the rape aftermath and detrimental social reactions. Positive social support from her gay and lesbian friends also facilitated her recovery. The findings highlight the importance of considering the intersection of trauma and cultural oppression in understanding lesbian survivors' experiences with same-sex sexual assault.

  14. A rare grade III symptomatic Tsunoda class III left lobe hepatolithiasis in a North American woman

    PubMed Central

    Abu-Wasel, Bassam; Keough, Valerie; Molinari, Michele

    2012-01-01

    A 44-year-old Caucasian woman without any identified predisposing factors, presented to her local emergency room with multiple episodes of recurrent ascending cholangitis. She underwent a laparoscopic cholecystectomy several years prior to her admission to the hospital for parenteral antibiotic therapy and she had no personal or family history of hypercholesterolaemia. Transferred to a tertiary hospital for surgical therapy, she underwent a left hepatic resection for a chronically infected left lobe hepatolithiasis (HL) conditioning atrophy of the parenchyma due to obstruction of the biliary tree by multiple large cholesterol stones. HL is a very rare condition in Western countries and its aetiology and predisposing factors are still unclear. We present her symptomatology, diagnostic and therapeutic management and discuss the epidemiology and risk factors of HL, that is, a common condition in South East Asia while exceptional in Caucasian patients who have not travelled in high-prevalence regions. PMID:23112263

  15. Isolated adrenocorticotropic hormone deficiency due to probable lymphocytic hypophysitis in a woman

    PubMed Central

    Kacem, Faten Hadj; Charfi, Nadia; Mnif, Mouna Feki; Kamoun, Mahdi; Akid, Faouzi; Mnif, Fatma; Naceur, Basma Ben; Rekik, Nabila; Mnif, Zainab; Abid, Mohamed

    2013-01-01

    We report a 22-year-old woman who presented with asthenia, weight loss and hypotension in which extensive pituitary and adrenal investigations were diagnostic of isolated adrenocorticotropic hormone deficiency (IAD) of pituitary origin. Magnetic resonance imaging of the hypothalamus and pituitary showed a normal-sized pituitary, with no mass lesion. The diagnosis of IAD probably secondary to lymphocytic hypophysitis (LYH) was made. IAD is able to be the way of presentation of LYH, although the disease could or could not turn into a panhypopituitarism. Prompt recognition of this potentially fatal condition is important because of the availability of effective treatment. Indeed, regular endocrine and imaging follow up is important for patients with IAD and normal initial pituitary imaging results to detect early new-onset pituitary hormones deficiencies or imaging abnormalities. PMID:24251125

  16. Successful Pregnancy Following Assisted Reproduction in Woman With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Hypertension: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    de Macedo, José Fernando; de Macedo, Gustavo Capinzaiki; Campos, Luciana Aparecida; Baltatu, Ovidiu Constantin

    2015-09-01

    Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus have a poor prognosis of pregnancy, since it is associated with significant maternal and fetal morbidity, including spontaneous miscarriage, pre-eclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction, fetal death and pre-term delivery. We report a case with successful pregnancy in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus and hypertension. A 39-year-old nulliparous woman presented with systemic lupus erythematosus with antinuclear and antiphospholipid antibodies, hypertension and recurrent pregnancy loss presented for assisted reproduction. The patient responded well to enoxaparin and prednisone during both assisted reproduction and prenatal treatment. This case report indicates that prescription of immunosuppressant and blood thinners can be safely recommended throughout the whole prenatal period in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Enoxaparin and prednisone may be prescribed concurrently during pregnancy.

  17. Pulmonary embolism in a healthy woman using the oral contraceptives containing desogestrel

    PubMed Central

    Park, Min-Jeong

    2017-01-01

    Venous thromboembolism is well known as one of the rare but serious adverse effects of combined oral contraceptives (COCs). The COCs with third and fourth generation progestogens were found to have higher risk of venous thrombosis than those with second generation progestogens. We present a case of pulmonary embolism in a 23-year-old nulligravid woman who was using COCs containing the third generation progestogen (desogestrel). At the time of presentation of the adverse effect, she had been using the COCs for 4 months. She had no additional risk factors for thrombosis such as smoking, surgery, tumor as well as genetic factors. This case demonstrates even young women in otherwise good health may be at risk of venous thromboembolism from low-dose formulations of COCs as an over-the-counter drug. We describe this case with a brief review of literatures. PMID:28344968

  18. Under seize: neurocysticercosis in an immigrant woman and review of a growing neglected disease

    PubMed Central

    Bock, Meredith; Garcia, Hector H; Chin-Hong, Peter; Baxi, Sanjiv M

    2016-01-01

    Summary Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a significantly neglected tropical disease and, with increasing globalisation, a notable emerging infection in the developed world. We describe a case of ventricular NCC in a 22-year-old Mexican-American woman with a history of seizures, who presented with 2 weeks of headaches and intermittent fevers progressing to altered mental status and vomiting. Initial imaging revealed a cystic mass at the posteroinferior aspect of the third ventricle superior to the aqueduct of Sylvius, calcifications scattered throughout the parenchyma, and enlargement of the lateral and third ventricles. Initial laboratories were unrevealing and serum investigations for Taenia solium antibody were negative, but T. solium antibody was subsequently returned positive from cerebrospinal fluid. This case highlights important issues regarding the clinical presentation, diagnostic evaluation and treatment of NCC relevant to providers not only in areas with endemic disease but, importantly, in locales with diverse immigrant populations. PMID:26682841

  19. Pesticide-induced quadriplegia in a 55-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Beavers, Charles T; Parker, Joseph J; Flinchum, Dane A; Weakley-Jones, Barbara A; Jortani, Saeed A

    2014-12-01

    Acephate is a commercial organophosphate pesticide formerly used in households and now used primarily for agriculture. Poisoning symptoms include salivation, lacrimation, urination, defecation, gastrointestinal illness, and emesis. In addition to these classic symptoms, neurodegeneration can result from increased and continued exposure of organophosphates. This 55-year-old woman presented with organophosphate-induced delayed neuropathy in the form of quadriplegia due to the commonly used pesticide acephate. She was exposed to this pesticide through multiple sprayings in her work office with underrecognized poisoning symptoms. She presented to her primary care physician with neuropathic pain and paralysis in her arm following the sprayings and eventual complete paralysis. The patient lived for 2 years following her toxic exposure and quadriplegia. A complete autopsy after her death confirmed a transverse myelitis in her spinal cord. We conclude that in susceptible individuals, acephate in excessive amounts can produce severe delayed neurotoxicity as demonstrated in animal studies.

  20. Pulmonary arterovenous malformation causing hemothorax in a pregnant woman without Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Di Crescenzo, Vincenzo; Napolitano, Filomena; Vatrella, Alessandro; Zeppa, Pio; Laperuta, Paolo

    2015-01-01

    Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs), although most commonly congenital, are usually detected later in life. Case report: We present a case of a 19-year-old woman with no previous history of AVM or telangiectasia, who presented dyspnea and hypoxia by massive left hemothorax in the 34th week of gestation. After emergent cesarean delivery, a chest computed tomography (CT) with i.v. contrast showed a likely 3 cm area of active contrast in left lower lung. Chest tube placement revealed about 2 liters of blood. The patient was subsequently found to have pulmonary AVM. A successful embolisation of AVM followed by lung atipic resection involving AVM and decortication for lung re-expansion were the treatments provided. Conclusions: Women with known pulmonary AVM should be maximally treated prior to becoming pregnant, and the physician should be alert to complications of pulmonary AVM during pregnancy. PMID:28352753

  1. 'Here's the weavery looming up': verbal humour in a woman with high-functioning autism.

    PubMed

    Werth, A; Perkins, M; Boucher, J

    2001-06-01

    A case study of Grace, a 29-year-old woman with high-functioning autism, is presented. Grace is unusual for a person with autism in that she produces a great deal of humorous and creative word play. She is also unusual in that she writes and then audio-records 'letters' to her family, and produces copious cartoon-like drawings which she annotates, with the result that multiple examples of her humour are available in permanent form. We present examples of Grace's use of puns, jokes, neologisms, 'portmanteau' words, irreverent humour, irony, sarcasm and word play based on her obsessional interests. The examples are used to illustrate the forms and content of Grace's humour, and are discussed in relation to current theories of autism and of normal humour.

  2. A likely diagnosis of Crohn's disease in a 95-year-old woman

    PubMed Central

    Parmar, Kishan R; Patel, Ekta; McCann, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Crohn's disease (CD) has a bimodal distribution in incidence, with a second peak in the elderly. However, its diagnosis in the elderly is difficult due to a wider range of more common differential diagnoses such as diverticulitis, ischaemic colitis and colorectal cancer. We report a likely case of CD in a 95-year-old woman. She presented with diarrhoea and rectal bleeding and was found to have multiple pleomorphic ulcers with a patchy cobblestone mucosa on sigmoidoscopy. Histopathology demonstrated focal ulceration, altered crypt architecture and adjacent neutrophil polymorph infiltration with no granolomata or features of malignancy. The patient passed away after steroid treatment was started. This case is a reminder that CD can present in the elderly and highlights the challenging diagnosis and high mortality of CD-related hospitalisation in the elderly. When considering management, attention should be given to comorbid disease, age-related changes in pharmacokinetics and patients social circumstances. PMID:23001095

  3. Rape-law and woman's right--critical analysis vis-a-vis role of attending doctor.

    PubMed

    Mohanty, Nayan Kishore

    2002-12-01

    According to Supreme Court rape is not only a crime against entire society, it destroyes the entire psychology of woman and pushes her into deep emotional crisis. The need at present is to mould and evolve the rape-law so as to make it more sensitive and responsive to the demands of the time in order to resolve the basic problem. The rape-laws have some lacunae which need a fresh look for necessary changes. The necessary changes can be suggested and made in relation to sexual intercourse, age of the rape victim, genital tract defects in woman, HIV infection, injury inflicted on the victim with corroboration of evidence and circumstances which must be supervised with high precaution. It must be remembered that doctors and scientific experts play most crucial and vital role and ignorance of rape-law and lack of high degree expertise skill can make the accused easily set at liberty.

  4. Localisation using mini c-arm fluoroscopy of needles ingested by a woman with schizophrenia: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    Introduction Our aim was to specify the use of mini C-arm fluoroscopy in a woman with schizophrenia who was suffering from abdominal pain because of ingested needles. Case presentation Here we report the case of an 18-year-old Turkish woman with schizophrenia who was admitted to the emergency department with signs of an acute abdomen as a result of ingestion of multiple needles. This is the third case in the literature for which mini C-arm fluoroscopy has been used to localize metallic sewing needles. Conclusion When intentional ingestion occurs, surgery is rarely required. It is hard to localize ingested sewing needles and mini C-arm fluoroscopy is a good alternative when metal detectors are not available for localization of metal sewing needles. We recommend this approach because it helps to avoid unnecessary exploration, shortens the duration of surgery and provides outstanding results. PMID:19830107

  5. [Woman 19-old with hirsutism, obesity and acanthosis nigricans].

    PubMed

    Kępczyńska-Nyk, Anna; Muszel, Marta; Radziszewski, Mikołaj; Wocial, Kamil

    2016-09-29

    19-year-old hirsute woman with obesity, skin lesions with features of acanthosis nigricans around neck, armpits, thoracic cage and wrists escalating for couple of months, elevated testosterone and insulin plasma levels was admitted to hospital to perform diagnostic approach. The final diagnosis was hyperandrogenism-insulin resistance-acanthosis nigricans syndrome (HAIR-AN syndrome), considered as a subtype of policystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and impaired glucose tolerance. HAIR-AN is characterized by coexistence of: hyperandrogenism (HA), insulin resistance (IR) and acanthosis nigricans (AN). These symptoms are result of increased insulin and androgens levels. Due to accompanying complications (obesity, hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, infertility) patients with HAIR-AN syndrome should be monitored and treated. Rarely acanthosis nigricans, especially when occurs rapidly and extensively, may be a paraneoplastic disorder. Life style modification with BMI reduction was recommended and metformin, a drug improving sensitivity to insulin, was administered. Patient should be monitored due to possible complications of obesity, diabetes and hyperinsulinemia.

  6. Fast-Growing Meningioma in a Woman Undergoing Fertility Treatments

    PubMed Central

    Elashaal, Abdurrahim

    2016-01-01

    Meningiomas have long been known to be associated with sexual hormones. We discuss here the case of a woman with a huge meningioma that rapidly grew over the course of a couple years while the patient was simultaneously taking fertility treatments. There is substantial evidence suggesting that fertility treatments can fuel the growth of meningiomas. The potential risks should be considered in women with a previous or family history of meningiomas who plan to undergo fertility treatment. These patients need to be evaluated and a screening imaging of brain MRI (Magnetic Resonant Imaging) should be offered in the middle or toward the end of such a treatment to control and prevent complications of these meningiomas. PMID:28116188

  7. A 54-year-old woman with degenerative back pain.

    PubMed

    Tuck, Claire M

    2010-03-01

    Back pain is a common symptom: up to 70% of UK adults experience this symptom by the age of 60 and most have moderate to severe pain. Back pain accounted for 12% of consultations to traditional acupuncturists in 2001 and is one of the most common reasons for consultation with an acupuncturist. This case report concerns a 54-year-old woman with metastatic breast cancer and degenerative lower back pain, which remained painful despite intensive pharmaceutical management and facet joint injection and was ultimately successfully managed with two 30 min acupuncture treatments 2 weeks apart, using eight points on the BL meridians. Acupuncture treatment using tender points was later trialled for neuropathic pain secondary to local recurrence in her mastectomy scar, however this was unsuccessful and inpatient hospice admission for further intensive pharmaceutical management was required.

  8. Bilateral Tubal Gestation Associated with Schistosomiasis in an African Woman

    PubMed Central

    Odubamowo, K. H.; Akinpelu, O. M.; Lawal, O. O.; Okolo, C. A.; Odukogbe, A. A.; Adekunle, A. O.

    2014-01-01

    Background. The incidence of tubal ectopic gestation caused by schistosomiasis induced tubal pathology is undocumented in this environment, which may be due to rarity of this pathology. Bilateral tubal gestation is common in patients that have undergone in vitro fertilization. We report a hitherto undocumented case of spontaneous bilateral ectopic gestation following tubal schistosomiasis. Case Report. Mrs. OB was a 32-year-old G4P3+0 (3 alive) woman who complained of abdominal pain and bleeding per vaginam of 4 and 2 days' duration respectively following 8 weeks of amenorrhea. A clinical impression of ruptured ectopic gestation was confirmed by ultrasound scanning. She had bilateral salpingectomy with histology of specimens showing bilateral ectopic gestation with Schistosoma haematobium induced salpingitis (findings of Schistosoma haematobium ova noted on slide). Conclusion. Schistosoma induced salpingitis is a rare but possible cause of bilateral tubal gestation. PMID:25580321

  9. The aging woman: the role of medical therapy.

    PubMed

    Wilken-Jensen, C; Ottesen, B

    2003-09-01

    The growth of the postmenopausal population demands a change in the medical profession's approach to health and disease. Especially in the developed world, lifespan is increasing, and at the age of 60 the majority of women will still have at least 20 years to live. There will, therefore, be an increasing need for health programs that lead to more years of disability free life. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is but one example of the dilemmas medical therapy of the aging woman poses. In the sixties, estrogen was considered a wonder drug, effective for a multitude of postmenopausal problems and illnesses. Recent research has placed this notion into a more balanced perspective, emphasizing that every medical treatment should be based on evidence. It is therefore worrisome if the decline in the use of HRT is followed by an increased use of alternative medicine with mostly undocumented effects.

  10. [HPV diagnosis: woman's process of interaction with her partner].

    PubMed

    Vargens, Octavio Muniz da Costa; Silva, Carla Marins; Azevedo E Silva, Gulnar; Girianelli, Vânia Reis

    2013-01-01

    This is a descriptive research, with qualitative approach, which aimed at analyze the interaction process between woman and her partner starting from the diagnosis of infection by the human papilomavirus (HPV). It was accomplished in 13 communities in the cities of Duque de Caxias and Nova Iguaçu, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil, from October/2006 to September/2008. Twenty women, diagnosed with HPV infection related to oncogenic high risk, were interviewed. The Symbolic Interactionism and Grounded Theory perspectives guided data collection and analysis. The results revealed that the HPV diagnosis means serious challenges in the women's relationship with her partner mainly regarding to the adoption of preventive initiatives. It is concluded that these issues lead to the need of a humanized care in order to favor the women's empowerment.

  11. Enlightenment via simulation: "crone-ology's" first woman.

    PubMed

    Moran, Michael E

    2010-01-01

    A little known 18th century midwife, Angélique Marguerite Le Boursier (1715-1794) may well be the true founder of modern surgical simulation. This fiercely independent medical practitioner stood equally amongst the many enlightened minds of this period and fought with every modern method to reduce infant/maternal mortality during childbirth. Her original textbook Abrégé utilized some of the first color anatomical illustrations, her method of teaching complex birthing techniques to peasant woman throughout France, and most notably her birthing simulator complete with fluids (wet ware) were all available for close scrutiny. The color illustrations in Abrégé remain profoundly effective but the only existent models of her simulator are even more remarkable. Le Boursier du Coudray sought to bring education to the woman and physicians in villages and towns throughout France in response to the population crisis and the high birth morbidity and mortality. Her teaching methods affected untold thousands of medical practitioners, from midwives to surgeons. Voltaire wrote about her and she became an icon of progressive France, but remained ostracized by much of the conventional medical practitioners. She continued to train midwives for 23 years before retiring at the age of nearly 70. Madame du Coudray began to write, illustrate and simulate in the mid 18th century and obtained unprecedented success in bringing to the public the humane practices of modern childbirth with relevant understanding of anatomy and physiology. She is the matron not only of modern simulation methods in healthcare but was the epitome of professional healthcare commitment, educating approximately 10,000 students regardless of social status for free.

  12. Information Presentation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Holden, Kritina; Sandor, A.; Thompson, S. G.; McCann, R. S.; Kaiser, M. K.; Begault, D. R.; Adelstein, B. D.; Beutter, B. R.; Stone, L. S.

    2008-01-01

    The goal of the Information Presentation Directed Research Project (DRP) is to address design questions related to the presentation of information to the crew on flight vehicles, surface landers and habitats, and during extra-vehicular activities (EVA). Designers of displays and controls for exploration missions must be prepared to select the text formats, label styles, alarms, electronic procedure designs, and cursor control devices that provide for optimal crew performance on exploration tasks. The major areas of work, or subtasks, within the Information Presentation DRP are: 1) Controls, 2) Displays, 3) Procedures, and 4) EVA Operations.

  13. Information Presentation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Holden, Kritina L.; Thompson, Shelby G.; Sandor, Aniko; McCann, Robert S.; Kaiser, Mary K.; Adelstein, Barnard D.; Begault, Durand R.; Beutter, Brent R.; Stone, Leland S.; Godfroy, Martine

    2009-01-01

    The goal of the Information Presentation Directed Research Project (DRP) is to address design questions related to the presentation of information to the crew. In addition to addressing display design issues associated with information formatting, style, layout, and interaction, the Information Presentation DRP is also working toward understanding the effects of extreme environments encountered in space travel on information processing. Work is also in progress to refine human factors-based design tools, such as human performance modeling, that will supplement traditional design techniques and help ensure that optimal information design is accomplished in the most cost-efficient manner. The major areas of work, or subtasks, within the Information Presentation DRP for FY10 are: 1) Displays, 2) Controls, 3) Procedures and Fault Management, and 4) Human Performance Modeling. The poster will highlight completed and planned work for each subtask.

  14. Conservation Presentation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friday, Gerald

    2001-01-01

    Introduces a project in which students teach about the importance of recycling and conservation by presenting demonstrations. Includes demonstrations on water, plastic, and other recycling products such as steel. (YDS)

  15. Information Presentation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Holden, K.L.; Boyer, J.L.; Sandor, A.; Thompson, S.G.; McCann, R.S.; Begault, D.R.; Adelstein, B.D.; Beutter, B.R.; Stone, L.S.

    2009-01-01

    The goal of the Information Presentation Directed Research Project (DRP) is to address design questions related to the presentation of information to the crew. The major areas of work, or subtasks, within this DRP are: 1) Displays, 2) Controls, 3) Electronic Procedures and Fault Management, and 4) Human Performance Modeling. This DRP is a collaborative effort between researchers at Johnson Space Center and Ames Research Center.

  16. HDRK-Woman: whole-body voxel model based on high-resolution color slice images of Korean adult female cadaver

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yeom, Yeon Soo; Jeong, Jong Hwi; Kim, Chan Hyeong; Han, Min Cheol; Ham, Bo Kyoung; Cho, Kun Woo; Hwang, Sung Bae

    2014-07-01

    In a previous study, we constructed a male reference Korean phantom; HDRK-Man (High-Definition Reference Korean-Man), to represent Korean adult males for radiation protection purposes. In the present study, a female phantom; HDRK-Woman (High-Definition Reference Korean-Woman), was constructed to represent Korean adult females. High-resolution color photographic images obtained by serial sectioning of a 26 year-old Korean adult female cadaver were utilized. The body height and weight, the skeletal mass, and the dimensions of the individual organs and tissues were adjusted to the reference Korean data. The phantom was then compared with the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) female reference phantom in terms of calculated organ doses and organ-depth distributions. Additionally, the effective doses were calculated using both the HDRK-Man and HDRK-Woman phantoms, and the values were compared with those of the ICRP reference phantoms.

  17. Preliminary findings of an adapted evidence-based woman-focused HIV intervention on condom use and negotiation among at-risk women in Pretoria, South Africa.

    PubMed

    Wechsberg, Wendee M; Luseno, Winnie K; Kline, Tracy L; Browne, Felicia A; Zule, William A

    2010-01-01

    This article presents the results of a randomized trial in South Africa of an adapted evidence-based Woman-Focused intervention on condom use with primary sex partners. The preliminary findings show that regardless of HIV status, condom negotiation was significantly associated with condom use at the 3- and 6-month follow-ups. By intervention group, significant intervention effects were found at 6-month follow-up for HIV-positive and HIV-unknown status women in the Woman-Focused intervention who were more likely than women in the Standard intervention to report condom use with a primary male partner. Among HIV-positive women, those in the Woman-Focused group and those with greater sexual control were more likely to report condom use at the 6-month follow-up. The findings indicate that gender-based interventions for women may result in increased condom negotiation skills.

  18. Robotic resection of an ectopic goiter in the mediastinum.

    PubMed

    Bodner, Johannes; Fish, John; Lottersberger, Andreas C; Wetscher, Gerold; Schmid, Thomas

    2005-08-01

    We report the first robotic resection of an ectopic mediastinal thyroid adenoma in a 72-year-old woman. This intervention was part of staged management for excessive bilateral cervical goiter with intrathoracic dispersion. The robotic resection was found to be feasible and safe. The robotic operating system offers better visual control and operative accuracy than does conventional thoracoscopy.

  19. Plantar fascia calcification a sequelae of corticosteroid injection in the treatment of recalcitrant plantar fasciitis

    PubMed Central

    Fox, Thomas Peter; Oliver, Govind; Wek, Caesar; Hester, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    We report the case of a 72-year-old woman suffering with severe plantar fasciitis who received a therapeutic corticosteroid injection. Two-and-a-half years after the injection she developed a small calcified lump under the skin which subsequently caused ulceration and infection. She went on to develop a diabetic foot infection requiring an extended course of intravenous antibiotics. PMID:23955985

  20. The Cause of Unexpected Acute Abdomen and Intra-Abdominal Hemorrhage in 24-Week Pregnant Woman: Bochdalek Hernia

    PubMed Central

    Barut, Ibrahim; Yazkan, Rasih

    2016-01-01

    Bochdalek hernia (BH) is the most common type of congenital diaphragm hernia and is rarely seen in adults. In adult patients, BH often remains asymptomatic or presents with nondiagnostic symptoms and may lead to complications, though rarely. The necrosis and perforations occurring in the hernia may lead to mortality. In this report, we present a 34-year-old pregnant woman at 24 gestational weeks who presented with Bochdalek hernia causing gastric volvulus associated with perforation and intra-abdominal hemorrhage associated with splenic rupture. PMID:28018700

  1. Medical and Surgical Management of Postpartum Hemorrhage in a Woman with Factor XIII Deficiency

    PubMed Central

    Srey, Krisna; Canales, Alexander; Kiffin, Chauniqua; Ashmawy, Yessin

    2016-01-01

    Factor XIII deficiency is a rare inherited coagulopathy. Factor XIII is the last clotting factor in the coagulation cascade to insure strength and stability to fibrin clots. Without this enzyme, the fibrous clot is unstable and nonresistant to fibrinolysis. Gravid women with this congenital disease are especially at risk for complications including miscarriages and hemorrhage without appropriate interventions. We present a case of a woman in her 20s with Factor XIII deficiency who was treated with cryoprecipitate and had a successful normal spontaneous vaginal delivery; subsequently, patient suffered from postpartum hemorrhage and consumptive coagulopathy due to consumption of Factor XIII, requiring emergency surgical intervention. Intraoperative management was challenged by an ethical dilemma involving the patient's religious beliefs about not receiving blood. This paper will discuss the mechanism of Factor XIII and the medical and surgical management involved with this patient. PMID:27635271

  2. [Tetraplegia, resuscitation and epileptic seizures after partial colon resection in a 41-year-old woman].

    PubMed

    Wagner, W

    2014-01-01

    A 41-year-old woman, suffering from continuous abdominal pain, only presented a non-specific inflammation of the whole colon and an unclaryfied hyponatriaemia; in spite of the only doubtful explanation by an enormous elongation of the colon, it was partially resected. Thereafter, the patient's decline, hypaesthesia, areflexia and tetraparesis required intensive care. Despite immunoglobulin therapy, assuming a Guillain-Barré syndrome, the patient needed resuscitation, followed by signs of severe hypoxia (high level of neuron-specific enolase, hippocampal lesions). The abdominal pain, hyponatriaemia, persistent tachycardia, sensory deficits, tetraplegia, circulation arrest, later epileptic seizures and unusual urine color were finally explained by an acute intermittent porphyria (AIP). Although the symptoms were classic, the disease was recognized only very late. Indeed, it is so rare that most physicians will never be confronted with an AIP or only once or twice.

  3. An innovative metal base denture design for a 55-year-old menopausal woman

    PubMed Central

    Bhatia, Vishwas; Bhatia, Garima; Jain, Nitul; Jadon, Ashwani Kumar

    2013-01-01

    Menopause is a normal developmental stage in a woman's life, marking the permanent cessation of menstruation resulting from irreversible changes in the hormonal and reproductive functions of the ovaries and is associated with a large number of symptoms ranging from physical to psychological. Some of the common oral manifestations are oral burning sensation with associated mucosal infections, pain, altered taste perception, and alveolar bone loss. These symptoms may unfavorably affect oral health and treatment needs requiring dentists to devise newer methods that would add along to the treatment modalities advised by gynecologists in relieving menopausal women from above symptoms. The present case report describes an innovative method of fabricating a metal base denture in an edentulous female that would help perimenopausal/menopausal/post-menopausal edentulous women feel hot/cold sensations of food/liquids, thereby giving them relief from pain, better taste perception, and relief from associated allergic and candidal infections that are common with conventional acrylic base dentures. PMID:24082754

  4. Virilizing Ovarian Stromal Tumor in a Young Woman With Carney Complex

    PubMed Central

    Carney, J. Aidan; Stratakis, Constantine A.

    2011-01-01

    A woman with Carney complex presented at age 22 years with abdominal pain and hirsutism. As a baby, she had excision of a right eyelid lesion and at age 14 years removal of a left lower eyelid nodule that subsequently recurred. Investigation revealed an elevated level of serum testosterone and a 2-cm left ovarian tumor. A left salpingo-oophorectomy was performed. Postoperatively, the abdominal pain was relieved, the serum level of testosterone was normalized, and the hirsutism was ameliorated. The tumor featured sheets of eosinophilic cells with lipochrome pigment, myeloid metaplasia, stromal metaplasia, and markedly abnormal blood vessels. Immunocytochemically, the tumor cells were positive for vimentin, synaptophysin, inhibin A and calrenin. Because of the clinical setting in which the neoplasm occurred, it is unlikely that the occurrence was unrelated to Carney complex.. PMID:21934476

  5. Neurocysticercosis, meningioma, and silent corticotroph pituitary adenoma in a 61-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Ramirez, Maria Del Pilar; Restrepo, Juan E; Syro, Luis V; Rotondo, Fabio; Londoño, Francisco J; Penagos, Luis C; Uribe, Humberto; Horvath, Eva; Kovacs, Kalman

    2012-01-01

    We report here the case of a 61-year-old woman who presented with hydrocephalus and cystic and solid lesions in sella turcica, suprasellar areas, and third ventricle. After ventriculoperitoneal shunt she developed cognitive changes and the cystic lesions enlarged. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated multiple cysts and a solid lesion in the sella and around the anterior clinoid process. With diagnosis of neurocysticercosis she underwent craniotomy. Pathologic examination documented two different lesions: viable and dead cysticerci with inflaming infiltration and a left anterior clinoidal meningioma. At the second surgery, six weeks later via transnasal transsphenoidal approach a silent corticotroph pituitary adenoma was removed which was studied by histology, immunohistochemistry, and electron microscopy. To our knowledge, the occurrence of these three different lesions in the sellar area was not described before.

  6. Neurocysticercosis, Meningioma, and Silent Corticotroph Pituitary Adenoma in a 61-Year-Old Woman

    PubMed Central

    Ramirez, Maria del Pilar; Restrepo, Juan E.; Syro, Luis V.; Rotondo, Fabio; Londoño, Francisco J.; Penagos, Luis C.; Uribe, Humberto; Horvath, Eva; Kovacs, Kalman

    2012-01-01

    We report here the case of a 61-year-old woman who presented with hydrocephalus and cystic and solid lesions in sella turcica, suprasellar areas, and third ventricle. After ventriculoperitoneal shunt she developed cognitive changes and the cystic lesions enlarged. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated multiple cysts and a solid lesion in the sella and around the anterior clinoid process. With diagnosis of neurocysticercosis she underwent craniotomy. Pathologic examination documented two different lesions: viable and dead cysticerci with inflaming infiltration and a left anterior clinoidal meningioma. At the second surgery, six weeks later via transnasal transsphenoidal approach a silent corticotroph pituitary adenoma was removed which was studied by histology, immunohistochemistry, and electron microscopy. To our knowledge, the occurrence of these three different lesions in the sellar area was not described before. PMID:23346440

  7. Infantile hemangioma-like vascular lesion in a 26-year-old woman after abortion.

    PubMed

    Lu, Yang; Wang, Shu Jun; Li, Xin; Hu, Li; Zhang, Wen Jie; Li, Wei

    2014-01-01

    A 26-year-old woman (G2P1A1) presented with a 5-week history of multiple red marks on her body after a therapeutic abortion. A physical examination found 15 palpable red marks on her head, neck, chest, arms and legs. Proliferating endothelial cells, which expressed CD31, CD34, von Willebrand factor, but not Glut-1 and merosin, were observed in the lesional area by histopathological analyses. Histocompatibility antigen typing of 2 lesions was identical to a sample from peripheral blood. Accelerated regression was observed in 2 lesions treated by intralesional injection of betamethasone, while spontaneous regression was observed within 9 months in the remaining lesions without any treatment. Rapid growth, spontaneous regression and histological analyses in this case support the diagnosis of 'infantile hemangioma-like vascular lesion'.

  8. Fragile X premutation in a woman with cognitive impairment, tremor, and history of premature ovarian failure.

    PubMed

    Al-Hinti, Jomana T; Nagan, Narasimhan; Harik, Sami I

    2007-01-01

    Few women with Fragile X tremor ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) have been reported. They have milder manifestations at a later age than men. This gender difference may be related to the X inactivation pattern in women. We describe a woman who presented to her geriatrician with poor memory and was found to have ataxia and tremor. Additional queries yielded history of premature ovarian failure. Genetic testing showed heterozygous fragile X mental retardation gene premutation with 103 CGG repeats in the abnormal allele and 31 CGG repeats in the normal allele. Also, the X inactivation pattern was skewed with the active X chromosome predominantly having the premutation allele. We believe that FXTAS is more common in women than is generally thought and that many such patients masquerade as dementia of old age. Action tremor and ataxia associated with a history suggestive of premature ovarian failure should raise suspicions for FXTAS.

  9. Pregnancy in a 24 year old Nigerian woman with chronic kidney disease: challenges and outcome.

    PubMed

    Okafor, U H; Nwobodo, M U; Ezeugwu, F O

    2013-01-01

    There is increasing incidence and prevalence of chronic kidney disease worldwide. The developing countries including Nigeria are facing greater challenges because of the prevailing poverty and high burden of infectious diseases. There are various prevalent co-morbid conditions that influence and are influenced by the status of the kidney function of the patient. These conditions pose some peculiar challenges and management of the challenges will determine the outcome. The aim of this report is to highlight the chalIenges of pregnancy in women with chronic kidney disease and possible outcome. We report a 24 years Nigerian woman diagnosed with chronic kidney disease who presented with 10 weeks gestation and deteriorating kidney function. Her management was associated with various challenges including non adherance to medications and not regular to follow up visits. She later developed ecclampsia and had intra uterine fetal death. She had various interventional measures including haemodialysis. She recovered kidney function appreciably but has defaulted follow up since discharge.

  10. Rhesus Negative Woman Transfused With Rhesus Positive Blood: Subsequent Normal Pregnancy Without Anti D production.

    PubMed

    Maya, E T; Buntugu, K A; Pobee, F; Srofenyoh, E K

    2015-03-01

    Clinicians sometimes are confronted with the challenge of transfusing haemorrhaging Rhesus (Rh) D negative patients with Rh D positive blood to save their lives. There are concerns about alloimmunization and future haemolytic disease of the newborn in women of the reproductive age. Another fear is transfusion reaction if they receive another Rh D positive blood in future. We present a 32-year-old Rh D negative woman, who had postpartum haemorrhage in her first pregnancy and was transfused with Rh D positive blood because of unavailability of Rh D negative blood. She did not receive anti D immunoglobin but subsequently had a normal term pregnancy of an Rh positive fetus without any detectable anti D antibodies throughout the pregnancy. In life threatening situations from obstetric haemorrhage, transfusion of Rh D negative women with Rh D positive blood should be considered as the last resort.

  11. Giant adrenal germ cell tumour in a 59-year-old woman

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Lei; Fang, Lu; Liu, Zhiqi; Yu, Dexin; Wang, Daming; Wang, Yi; Xie, Dongdong; Min, Jie; Ding, Demao; Zhang, Tao; Zou, Ci; Zhang, Zhiqiang

    2016-01-01

    Adrenal germ cell tumour is very rare. We report a case of a 59-year-old woman who presented with right flank discomfort. The laboratory examinations were normal and the chest computed tomography (CT) showed right pleural effusion. The abdominal CT scan revealed a large mass on the right adrenal gland. The patient underwent an adrenalectomy. Histopathologic examination and immunohistochemical findings were consistent with mixed germ cell tumour. Three months later following the operation, the patient was admitted to our hospital again with chest tightness and shortness of breath. The chest CT showed right pleural effusion recurrence and enlargement of mediastinal lymph nodes and right hilar lymph nodes. The patient had right supraclavicular lymphadenectasis on physical examination. Fine needle aspiration cytology from the supraclavicular lymph nodes showed groups of malignant tumour cells. The patient died within 6 months postoperatively. In this case, the lymph node pathway played an important role in the metastatic procedure. PMID:27790306

  12. Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in a 62-year-old immunocompetent woman.

    PubMed

    Gourineni, Venkata C; Juvet, Tristan; Kumar, Yogesh; Bordea, Doru; Sena, Kanaga N

    2014-01-01

    Progressive multifocal encephalopathy (PML) is a rare demyelinating disease that typically presents in immunodeficient patients. We report a case of a previously healthy 62-Year-Old woman who suffered from an unsteady gait, throbbing headaches, and progressive left-sided weakness and numbness. Stroke was initially suspected based on imaging and symptoms. A series of follow-up magnetic resonance images of the brain showed a right parietal lesion growing in size as the patient became unable to walk and experienced increasing lethargy and confusion. A biopsy of the lesion was positive for the John Cunningham virus (JCV). A diagnosis of PML was made and she was started on mefloquine. No improvement was seen on this treatment and her condition worsened. Although PML remains uncommon in immunocompetent individuals, it cannot be ruled out based on their immune status. Although the exact cause remains uncertain, underlying or transient states of immunosuppression may be responsible for reactivation of the JCV in these patients.

  13. Hereditary spherocytosis in a 27-year-old woman: case report.

    PubMed

    Hassan, A; Babadoko, A A; Isa, A H; Abunimye, P

    2009-01-01

    Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is a familial hemolytic disorder with marked heterogeneity of clinical features, ranging from an asymptomatic condition to a fulminant hemolytic anemia. Although a positive family history of spherocytosis increases the risk for this disorder, it may be sporadic in some cases. In severe cases the disorder may be detected in early childhood, but in mild cases it may go unnoticed until later in adult life. A 27-year-old Nigerian woman presented with mild anemia, jaundice, splenomegaly and a history of multiple blood transfusion. Blood film showed about 70% spherocytes, reticulocytosis of 6.5%, increased osmotic fragility test and a negative direct antiglobulin test. She was managed conservatively on nutritional supplements and a significant regression of symptoms after 6 months was achieved.

  14. Clostridium hastiforme bacteraemia secondary to pyometra in a 64-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Ørum, Matilde; Fuglsang-Damgaard, David; Nielsen, Hans Linde

    2017-01-18

    The Gram-negative, rod-shaped, anaerobe bacteria Tissierella praeacuta was first described in 1908 by Tissier. However, during the past decade, Clostridium hastiforme has been recognised as a later synonym of T. praeacuta. C. hastiforme/T. praeacuta has only rarely been described in previous literature as a cause of human infection. We present here a case report of C. hastiforme/T. praeacuta bacteraemia secondary to pyometra in a 64-year-old woman with a history of multiple sclerosis and an intrauterine device inserted three decades earlier. C. hastiforme/T. praeacuta was isolated from blood as well as pus from the site of infection. The patient was cured with a combination of drainage and antibiotic therapy.

  15. Pseudomonas aeruginosa ecthyma gangrenosum in a woman with recurrent Graves' disease.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Cheng-Yao; Zhang, Guo-Xue; Yu, Zuo-Zhong; Li, Zhao-Jun; Fan, Yi-Ming

    2014-04-01

    A 35-year-old woman with postoperative recurrent Graves' disease presented with a 5-day history of a red swelling on the right cheek associated with 4 days of remittent hyperpyrexia. Investigations revealed fever, a gangrenous ulcer on the right cheek, submandibular lymphadenopathy, and thyroid gland enlargement. Her white blood cell count, immunoglobulins, and lymphocyte subsets were unremarkable. Thyroid function tests showed low thyroid-stimulating hormone, high free thyroxine, and elevated radioactive iodine uptake. Repeated pus cultures grew Pseudomonas aeruginosa, but blood cultures were negative. An ill-demarcated erythematous plaque occurred on the right leg on hospital day 3. She was treated with intravenous antibiotics with topical gentamicin, recombinant bovine basic fibroblast growth factor, and radioiodine therapy with anti-thyroid drugs. The ulcer healed leaving a depressed scar at 35 days after discharge. This patient may represent the first case of P. aeruginosa ecthyma gangrenosum and cellulitis in postoperative recurrent Graves' disease.

  16. Severe facial swelling in a pregnant woman after using hair dye.

    PubMed

    van Genderen, Michel E; Carels, Ginette; Lonnee, Edward R; Dees, Adriaan

    2014-03-31

    A 33-year-old Caucasian pregnant woman (26 weeks' gestation) presented to the emergency department. She had a 2-day history of severe itching of the scalp and steadily worsening swelling of the face over the previous 12 h, which had extended to the neck. She had no difficulty breathing. The itching and swelling had developed 3 days after she had used hair dye. The patient had no history of allergic responses to hair dye or black henna tattoos. A diagnosis of type IV delayed hypersensitivity reaction was made. Permanent hair dyes are the most frequently used professional hair dyes and are most commonly based on paraphenylenediamine (PPD) or related chemicals. PPD is known to be one of the most potent allergens which cause allergic contact dermatitis. After treatment with intravenous antihistamines and steroids, the facial swelling reduced and the patient had completely recovered by the following day.

  17. [Perioperative treatment of a pregnant woman with recent cerebral infarction secondary to noncompaction cardiomyopathy].

    PubMed

    Fernández Sánchez, L J; Pérez González, R; Guasch Arévalo, E; Martín Reyes, R; Gilsanz Rodríguez, F

    2006-12-01

    Recent-onset noncompaction of the myocardium is a rare but serious entity with uncertain prognosis. Cerebral infarction is among the forms of presentation, and pregnancy and hypercoagulability increase risk. We report the case of a pregnant woman brought to the emergency department with ischemic cerebral infarction. Investigation demonstrated the cause to be cardiac embolism, and noncompaction of the myocardium was diagnosed. She was stabilized and a few days later underwent elective cesarean section under general anesthesia. Surgery and postoperative recovery were uneventful, and she was transferred for rehabilitation. Myocardial injury and progression to cerebrovascular accident must be prevented in such cases; the patient must be stabilized and antiplatelet and/or anticoagulant therapy initiated before surgery. Hemodynamic stability must be maintained throughout the perioperative period and neonatal depression avoided after delivery. Various approaches are available to be adapted to the patient's situation.

  18. Rigid bronchoscopic management of acute respiratory failure in a 30-year-old woman

    PubMed Central

    Madan, Karan; Dhungana, Ashesh; Madan, Neha Kawatra; Mohan, Anant; Hadda, Vijay; Garg, Rakesh; Jain, Deepali; Guleria, Randeep

    2016-01-01

    A 30-year-old woman presented with a history of progressive shortness of breath, cough, and hoarseness. Stridor was audible on examination. Chest X-ray showed normal lung fields and contrast-enhanced computed tomography thorax showed lower tracheal occlusion with endoluminal growth. Diagnostic flexible bronchoscopy demonstrated multiple whitish glistening nodules over both vocal cords and lower tracheal occlusion by whitish nodular growth. In view of critical central airway obstruction, rigid bronchoscopy and excision of the lower tracheal growth were performed. Histopathological examination of the excised specimen demonstrated features of squamous papillomas. A diagnosis of respiratory papillomatosis was established. On follow-up surveillance bronchoscopy, there was a gradual spontaneous regression of the residual lesions, and the patient remains currently asymptomatic 1 year since the procedure. PMID:27891001

  19. Coexistence of megaloblastic anemia and iron deficiency anemia in a young woman with chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis.

    PubMed

    Chen, Shih-Hsiang; Hung, Chia-Sui; Yang, Chao-Ping; Lo, Fu-Sung; Hsu, Hsun-Hui

    2006-10-01

    Pernicious anemia is a megaloblastic anemia caused by vitamin B12 deficiency, and is the end-stage of autoimmune gastritis that typically affects persons older than 60 years. It is the most common cause of vitamin B12 deficiency. Pernicious anemia can also be diagnosed concurrently with other autoimmune diseases. We report the occurrence of megaloblastic anemia in a 22-year-old woman with chronic autoimmune thyroiditis for 10.5 years. Recently, she presented with microcytic anemia, and iron deficiency anemia was diagnosed initially. After administration of ferrous sulfate, macrocytic anemia was revealed and vitamin B12 deficiency was detected. Pernicious anemia was highly suspected because of the endoscopic finding of atrophic gastritis, and high titer of antigastric parietal cell antibody, as well as elevated serum gastrin level. After intramuscular injections of hydroxycobalamine 100 microg daily for 10 days, and monthly later, her blood counts returned to normal.

  20. Family Traditions, Cultural Values, and the Clinician's Countertransference: Therapeutic Assessment of a Young Sicilian Woman.

    PubMed

    Fantini, Francesca

    2016-01-01

    Despite recent advances in models and instruments to understand the role of a client's cultural background, clinical psychologists are not immune to implicit cultural biases that are potentially damaging to the therapeutic alliance. In this article, I present a Therapeutic Assessment with a young Sicilian woman conducted in a university-based student clinic in Italy. During the assessment, I assumed that because we were both Italians, my client shared my perspective (northern Italian) about family and individual values, which resulted in a therapeutic impasse when I responded on the basis of my individual and culturally shaped view of interpersonal and family relationships without appreciating important differences between my own and my client's microcultures. To overcome the impasse, I had to openly acknowledge such differences and reorient myself to my client's goals. I discuss the core processes involved in such a repair in the context of a cross-cultural psychological assessment.

  1. Severe facial swelling in a pregnant woman after using hair dye

    PubMed Central

    van Genderen, Michel E; Carels, Ginette; Lonnee, Edward R; Dees, Adriaan

    2014-01-01

    A 33-year-old Caucasian pregnant woman (26 weeks’ gestation) presented to the emergency department. She had a 2-day history of severe itching of the scalp and steadily worsening swelling of the face over the previous 12 h, which had extended to the neck. She had no difficulty breathing. The itching and swelling had developed 3 days after she had used hair dye. The patient had no history of allergic responses to hair dye or black henna tattoos. A diagnosis of type IV delayed hypersensitivity reaction was made. Permanent hair dyes are the most frequently used professional hair dyes and are most commonly based on paraphenylenediamine (PPD) or related chemicals. PPD is known to be one of the most potent allergens which cause allergic contact dermatitis. After treatment with intravenous antihistamines and steroids, the facial swelling reduced and the patient had completely recovered by the following day. PMID:24686800

  2. Recovery of prolactin function following spontaneous pregnancy in a woman with Sheehan's syndrome.

    PubMed

    Laway, Bashir A; Mir, Shahnaz A; Zargar, Abdul H

    2013-12-01

    Sheehan's syndrome (SS) presents with hypopituitarism after parturition, usually preceded by postpartum hemorrhage. The first symptom of the disorder is lactation failure because of lactotroph cell necrosis. Recovery of lactotroph function after initial insult has not been reported in the literature. We describe the evaluation of a case of SS in whom lactotroph function recovered after the second pregnancy. A young woman delivered her first child at the age of 25 years; delivery was followed by severe postpartum hemorrhage and required blood transfusion. Sheehan's syndrome was diagnosed because of lactotroph, corticotroph, thyrotroph and somatotroph failure and empty sella on MRI. She conceived twice spontaneously and had normal lactation after the second delivery; investigations confirmed the normal basal and stimulable prolactin levels. We presume that recovery of lactotroph function after the second pregnancy in a patient with SS is possibly because of stimulatory effect of estrogen and progesterone on residual lactotroph cells.

  3. Recovery of prolactin function following spontaneous pregnancy in a woman with Sheehan's syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Laway, Bashir A.; Mir, Shahnaz A.; Zargar, Abdul H.

    2013-01-01

    Sheehan's syndrome (SS) presents with hypopituitarism after parturition, usually preceded by postpartum hemorrhage. The first symptom of the disorder is lactation failure because of lactotroph cell necrosis. Recovery of lactotroph function after initial insult has not been reported in the literature. We describe the evaluation of a case of SS in whom lactotroph function recovered after the second pregnancy. A young woman delivered her first child at the age of 25 years; delivery was followed by severe postpartum hemorrhage and required blood transfusion. Sheehan's syndrome was diagnosed because of lactotroph, corticotroph, thyrotroph and somatotroph failure and empty sella on MRI. She conceived twice spontaneously and had normal lactation after the second delivery; investigations confirmed the normal basal and stimulable prolactin levels. We presume that recovery of lactotroph function after the second pregnancy in a patient with SS is possibly because of stimulatory effect of estrogen and progesterone on residual lactotroph cells. PMID:24910842

  4. Presentation Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burt, Lorna; And Others

    This guide is intended for use in an eight-session course designed to develop the presentation skills required of persons employed in the manufacturing and service industries. The course is structured so that, upon its completion, students will be able to accomplish the following: identify the traits of good and bad speakers; research and organize…

  5. Society Girl, Sob Sister, Journalism Educator: Mary Paxton Keeley, the First Woman Graduate of the School of Journalism at the University of Missouri.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zang, Barbara

    Based on an examination of well-kept primary source material, this paper presents a personal and professional history of Mary Paxton Keeley, the first woman graduate of one of the first journalism schools in the United States, the School of Journalism at the University of Missouri. Starting with her early years, the paper explains that Keeley was…

  6. Complete Genome Sequence of Lactobacillus jensenii Strain SNUV360, a Probiotic for Treatment of Bacterial Vaginosis Isolated from the Vagina of a Healthy Korean Woman

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Sunghee; You, Hyun Ju; Kwon, Bomi

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT Lactobacillus jensenii SNUV360 is a potential probiotic strain that shows antimicrobial activity for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis. Here, we present the complete genomic sequence of L. jensenii SNUV360, isolated from a vaginal sample from a healthy Korean woman. Analysis of the sequence may provide insight into its functional activity. PMID:28280032

  7. Overview Presentation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lytle, John

    2001-01-01

    This report provides an overview presentation of the 2000 NPSS (Numerical Propulsion System Simulation) Review and Planning Meeting. Topics include: 1) a background of the program; 2) 1999 Industry Feedback; 3) FY00 Status, including resource distribution and major accomplishments; 4) FY01 Major Milestones; and 5) Future direction for the program. Specifically, simulation environment/production software and NPSS CORBA Security Development are discussed.

  8. Myra Beltran and the Aesthetics of an Independent Filipina Woman Dancing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corpus, Rina Angela P.

    2008-01-01

    This essay narrates the biography and dance aesthetics of Myra Beltran, a pioneering, independent and contemporary woman dance artist in the Philippines. Featured here are the history, alternative aesthetics, philosophy, and influences of Myra Beltran's works. It comes from the point of view of an author who is also a woman, dancer, and writer…

  9. [Sex behavior and partnership problems of the woman in climacterium with reference to her occupation].

    PubMed

    Weller, J

    1978-01-01

    On consideration of familiar and professional changes sexual psychologic aspects of the woman during the climacteric are being discussed. -- Changes and disturbances in sexuality, lack of libido and failure of orgasm and changed positions to sexuality expecially under the influence of the professional activity of 92 climacteric woman are stated. -- Examinations of the climacteric women were performed by the interview-method.

  10. Martyred Matrons, Martial Maidens, and the Woman Reader: Some Sino-Japanese Comparisons.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Widmer, Ellen

    1991-01-01

    Discusses the relationship between the prominence of themes of the literate gentry woman in Chinese fiction and the rise of women poets. Examines later Japanese fiction to find influences of the woman reader and of earlier Chinese works. Explores the scholar-beauty novels, women as warriors, female martyrdom, and the equating of virtue with…

  11. A Closer Look at Being a Woman in Turkish Academia: A Descriptive Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Birlik, Nurten; Arikan, Arda

    2009-01-01

    In this descriptive study, women's professional lives with a focus on what it means to be a woman in Turkish academia and on whether being a woman differs from being a man in an academic context was put under scrutiny. For this purpose, a questionnaire was conducted among 41 women academics currently working at the Faculties of Education in…

  12. An Online Bibliography of Resources for the Study of Woman Suffrage

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sparacino, Elizabeth Kenny

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this annotated bibliography is twofold. The first purpose is to address the question raised by Phyllis Holman Wiesbard, "Where are women on the 'net?" The second purpose is to explore how teachers can use the documents found on the world wide web to teach woman suffrage in their classrooms. Woman suffrage has proved to be a fruitful…

  13. Adversaries and Allies: Rival National Suffrage Groups and the 1882 Nebraska Woman Suffrage Campaign

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heider, Carmen

    2005-01-01

    In September 1882, Nebraska was the setting for a significant moment in the history of the United States women's rights movement: the two rival suffrage organizations, the American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA) and the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA), both held their annual conventions in Omaha. The alliance of the AWSA and the NWSA…

  14. Stress and Coping in Higher Education: A Case Study of a Haitian American Woman Administrator

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolfgang, Jeff Drayton; West-Olatunji, Cirecie A.; Overton, Jeanine; Shah, Bindi; Coral, Cristina

    2015-01-01

    The authors applied Relational-Cultural Theory (RCT) to conduct a case study of an Afro-Caribbean woman administrator to explore her perceptions of stress and coping in higher education. While much has been written about the challenges facing Black faculty and students, this study focused on the experiences of a Black woman administrator in a…

  15. 76 FR 81004 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Woman in Blue, Against...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Woman in Blue, Against Blue Water..., 2003), I hereby determine that the object ``Woman in Blue, Against Blue Water'' by Edvard...

  16. Complex Personhood as the Context for Intimate Partner Victimization: One American Indian Woman's Story

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murphy, Sharon; Lemire, Lynne; Wisman, Mindi

    2009-01-01

    This qualitative case study explores one American Indian (AI) woman's experience of intimate partner violence and the subsequent murder of her abusive partner. The lens of complex personhood (Gordon, 1997) has been applied as a method for understanding "Annie's" multiple identities of AI woman, victim of intimate partner violence, mother, and…

  17. Linguoculturological Analysis of Woman's Image in the Proverbs and Sayings of the Dagestan Languages

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gasanova, Marina; Magomedova, Patimat; Gasanova, Salminat

    2016-01-01

    The article is devoted to linguoculturological description of woman's image in the proverbial worldview of the Dagestan languages. The analysis of proverbial expressions revealed androcentric bias of the Dagestan paroemiological worldview where woman, as a rule, appears for an object: mainly for mother, daughter, bride, and wife/mistress. The…

  18. Women in Literacy Speak. The Power of Woman-Positive Literacy Work.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lloyd, Betty-Ann, Ed.; And Others

    This book contains 15 chapters that were written by women from 12 Canadian adult literacy and basic education programs who participated in an exploratory research project designed to document the process and results of woman-positive literacy work. The following sections are included: "Exploring the Concept of Woman-Positive within…

  19. The Role of Hostile and Benevolent Sexism in Women's and Men's Perceptions of the Menstruating Woman

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forbes, Gordon B.; Adams-Curtis, Leah E.; White, Kay B.; Holmgren, Katie M.

    2003-01-01

    Perceptions of menstruating women were studied in a sample of 244, predominantly European American, college freshmen. Both women and men rated the menstruating woman, as compared with the average woman, as higher on the Neuroticism factor from Lippa's (1991) measure of the Big Five personality factors. Men also rated her as lower on the Openness,…

  20. A Canadian Woman Journalist Covers the Spanish-American War: "Kit" in Cuba 1898.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freeman, Barbara

    Kathleen Blake Watkins Coleman, known to her readers as "Kit," was a late nineteenth-century journalist who tried to escape the limitations of the woman's sphere in journalism through travel writing, while still complying with the expectation that she describe her adventures from a "woman's point of view." Among her many…

  1. Blood Pressure Mobile Monitoring for Pregnant Woman Based Android System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Supriyanti, Retno; Erfayanto, Uji; Ramadani, Yogi; Murdyantoro, Eko; Widodo, Haris B.

    2016-01-01

    Currently, at least 18,000 women die every year in Indonesia due to pregnancy or childbirth. It means that every half hour a woman dies due to pregnancy or childbirth. As a result, every year 36,000 children became orphans. The high maternal mortality rate was put Indonesia on top in ASEAN. The main causes of maternal mortality are high-risk pregnancy. Mothers who have diseases like high blood pressure, pre-eclampsia, diabetes, hyperthyroidism, and already over 40 years old and infectious diseases such as rubella, hepatitis and HIV can be factors that lead to high-risk pregnancy. This paper will discuss the development of a blood pressure monitoring device that is suitable for pregnant women. It is based on convenience for pregnant women to get the equipment that is flexible with her presence. Results indicate that the equipment is in use daily support for pregnant women therefore, one of the causes of maternal mortality can be detected earlier.

  2. A woman's experience of tapering from buprenorphine during pregnancy

    PubMed Central

    Welle-Strand, Gabrielle Katrine; Kvamme, Odd; Andreassen, Andreas; Ravndal, Edle

    2014-01-01

    Although opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) is the treatment of choice for pregnant opioid-dependent patients, some professionals argue that tapering the medication dose will reduce the severity of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). This case description is based on the patient's detailed blog, and medical records from her general practitioner and the hospital. The patient is an employed, 32-year-old drug-abstinent woman in OMT. Her taper from 24 mg of buprenorphine started at 14 weeks’ gestation and is slow, with withdrawal symptoms increasing gradually. In pregnancy week 31, she is off buprenorphine but she has severe withdrawal symptoms. She chose to go back on 4 mg of buprenorphine. The patient's son was born in pregnancy week 38+3, weighs 2950 g and does not require pharmacological treatment for NAS. The fetus most probably did experience fetal stress during the patient's tapering. It was the right decision by the patient to go back on buprenorphine. PMID:25540212

  3. Neurally mediated syncope presenting with paroxysmal positional vertigo and tinnitus.

    PubMed

    Goto, Fumiyuki; Tsutsumi, Tomoko; Nakamura, Iwao; Ogawa, Kaoru

    2012-10-01

    A 72-year-old man with positional vertigo and tinnitus was referred to us. He did not want to perform provoking test except once due to his fear. No positional nystagmus was provoked. He found that his attacks usually occurred when he lay on his right ear. From his clinical history, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo was suspected. Conventional pharmacotherapy as well as non-specific physical therapy did not have significant effect. His feeling of positional vertigo with pyrosis was actually presyncope. We suspected cardiovascular disorders, and referred him to a cardiologist. Portable cardiogram monitoring revealed paroxysmal bradycardia. He was diagnosed with neurally mediated syncope, and a pacemaker was implanted. His paroxysmal dizziness soon disappeared. It is important to study the clinical history of the patients in detail, as they are not always able to accurately explain their symptoms. We should carefully rule out cardiovascular disorders, especially when we see the patients with suspected BPPV without the characteristic positional nystagmus.

  4. Cardiac tamponade: an initial presentation of SLE

    PubMed Central

    Cheng, Wilson; Balachandar, Ramya; Mistry, Paresh

    2013-01-01

    A 45-year-old woman presented with dyspnoea, chest pain, orthopnoea and bilateral leg oedema. On admission, she was found to have nephrotic syndrome and global pericardial effusion with impending tamponade for which pericardiocentesis was performed. The diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus was made based on the clinical and biochemical findings. She was also started on dialysis and immunosuppressants for lupus nephritis. PMID:23868025

  5. Substitution of Aspartate for glycine 1018 in the Type III procollagen (COL3AI) gene causes type IV Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome: The mutated allele is present in most blood leukocytes of the asymptomatic and mosaic mother

    SciTech Connect

    Kontusaari, S.; Tromp, G.; Kuivaniemi, H.; Prockop, D.J. ); Stolle, C. ); Pope, F.M.

    1992-09-01

    A proband with arterial ruptures and skin changes characteristic of the type IV variant of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome was found to have a single-base mutation in the type III procollagen gene, which converted the codon for glycine at amino position 1018 to a codon for aspartate. (Amino acid positions are numbered by the standard convention in which the first glycine of the triple-helical domain of an [alpha] chain is number 1. The numbers of positions in the [alpha]1(III) chains can be converted to positions in the human pro[alpha](III) chain by adding 167.). Nucleotide sequencing of overlapping PCR products in which the two alleles were distinguished demonstrated that the mutation of glycine 1018 was the only mutation that changed the primary structure of type III procollagen. The glycine substitution markedly decreased the amount of type III procollagen secreted into the medium by cultured skin fibroblasts from the proband. It is surprising that the same mutation was found in about 94% of the peripheral blood leukocytes from the proband's asymptomatic 72-year-old mother. Other tissues from the mother contained the mutated allele; it was present in 0%-100% of different samples of hair cells and in about 40% of cells from the oral epithelium. Therefore, the mother was a mosaic for the mutation. Since the mutated allele was present in cells derived from all three germ layers, the results indicated that the mutation arose by the late blastocyst stage of development. The results also indicate that assays of blood leukocytes do not always reveal mosaicism or predict phenotypic involvement of tissues, such as blood vessels, that are derived from the same embryonic cells as are leukocytes. 66 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  6. Secondary erythromelalgia successfully treated with patient-controlled epidural analgesia and interferon α-2b: A case report and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    LI, XINGZHI; LI, YAOMIN; QU, YAO; LU, LAIJIN

    2016-01-01

    Erythromelalgia (EM) is a debilitating neurovascular disease that is refractory to numerous treatment modalities. The present study reported the case of a 72-year-old woman diagnosed with EM secondary to polycythemia vera (PV), who was effectively treated with the use of patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) and interferon α-2b therapy. The study aimed to provide clinical information on this condition based on the findings of the present case and previously-reported cases. PCEA containing local anesthetics and dexamethasone or fentanyl resulted in nearly complete relief of symptoms. Furthermore, continuous use of interferon α-2b for the treatment of the PV completely relieved the EM symptoms. In conclusion, PCEA and interferon α-2b may be promising treatments for EM secondary to PV. PMID:27168811

  7. Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma originating from ectopic salivary gland in the neck region: case report.

    PubMed

    Ismı, Onur; Vayısoğlu, Yusuf; Arpaci, Rabia Bozdogan; Eti, Can; Pütürgeli, Tuğçe; Gorur, Kemal; Ozcan, Cengiz

    2015-12-01

    Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (CEPA) is the malignant salivary gland tumor originating from primary (de novo) or recurrent pleomorphic adenoma. Although parotid gland is the most common site, it can also be seen in submandibular gland or minor salivary glands. It can be seen rarely in head and neck region, such as oral cavity, trachea, nasal cavity and lacrimal gland. Although pleomorphic adenoma cases originating from ectopic salivary gland tissue in the neck region are present in the English literature, there is no published pleomorphic adenoma ex carcinoma case. In this case report we presented a CEPA as a 7.5 cm long neck mass in a 72-year-old woman originating from the submandibular region apart from submandibular gland. Difficulties in diagnosis and way to appropriate treatment are discussed with current literature.

  8. Case Report: 84 year-old woman with alien hand syndrome.

    PubMed

    Qureshi, Ihtesham Aatif; Korya, Daniel; Kassar, Darine; Moussavi, Mohammed

    2016-01-01

    Background: Alien hand syndrome [AHS] is a rare and ill-defined neurological disorder. It produces complex, goal-directed motion of one hand that is involuntarily instigated. This syndrome characteristically arises after brain trauma, brain surgery, stroke or encephalitis. We describe a case of AHS in a patient who had a previous episode of subarachnoid hemorrhage affecting the left frontal lobe and corpus callosum. Case presentation: An 84-year-old woman presented to the emergency department complaining of headaches and several episodes of her left arm moving as if it was groping around trying to grab at her own body. A computed tomography scan of the head demonstrated an acute left superior frontal hemorrhage with compression of the corpus callosum. Transcranial Doppler report showed no significant abnormality in the insonated vessels. After being stabilized for the acute bleed, she was treated with clonazepam 0.5 mgat night for the uncontrolled hand movements. Her movements resolved by her next month follow up. The diagnosis of AHS was made based on her clinical presentation, characterization of the movement and localization correlating with findings in neuroimaging. Conclusion: We document a rare neurologic disorder seen in patients presenting with a history of previous strokes and a typical description of involuntary and unintentional, uncontrolled unilateral arm movements with repetitive grasping. The present case has a combination of frontal and callosal lesions.  These findings appear to support a potential destruction leading to the rare syndrome.

  9. Case Report: 84 year-old woman with alien hand syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Qureshi, Ihtesham Aatif; Korya, Daniel; Kassar, Darine; Moussavi, Mohammed

    2016-01-01

    Background: Alien hand syndrome [AHS] is a rare and ill-defined neurological disorder. It produces complex, goal-directed motion of one hand that is involuntarily instigated. This syndrome characteristically arises after brain trauma, brain surgery, stroke or encephalitis. We describe a case of AHS in a patient who had a previous episode of subarachnoid hemorrhage affecting the left frontal lobe and corpus callosum. Case presentation: An 84-year-old woman presented to the emergency department complaining of headaches and several episodes of her left arm moving as if it was groping around trying to grab at her own body. A computed tomography scan of the head demonstrated an acute left superior frontal hemorrhage with compression of the corpus callosum. Transcranial Doppler report showed no significant abnormality in the insonated vessels. After being stabilized for the acute bleed, she was treated with clonazepam 0.5 mgat night for the uncontrolled hand movements. Her movements resolved by her next month follow up. The diagnosis of AHS was made based on her clinical presentation, characterization of the movement and localization correlating with findings in neuroimaging. Conclusion: We document a rare neurologic disorder seen in patients presenting with a history of previous strokes and a typical description of involuntary and unintentional, uncontrolled unilateral arm movements with repetitive grasping. The present case has a combination of frontal and callosal lesions.  These findings appear to support a potential destruction leading to the rare syndrome. PMID:27990258

  10. The pioneer woman's view of migraine: Elizabeth Garrett Anderson's thesis "Sur la migraine".

    PubMed

    Wilkinson, M; Isler, H

    1999-01-01

    This is a presentation of a doctoral thesis of 1870. The author was English but the thesis and the examinations were in French. Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, usually referred to as E.G.A., was the first woman in Britain to obtain the title of M.D., but not the first in Europe. Nadeshda Prokofevna Suslova, a Russian, received her M.D. in 1867 in Zurich, the most liberal university at that time, soon to be flooded by female students from Russia. E.G.A. had been applying to the few possible European universities but she settled for Paris after the Empress Eugenie had decided that she should be accepted there. This meant that she could succeed without having to be a Paris resident, just by writing a thesis and passing a series of examinations presided over by Paul Broca. This was important as she was already conducting private and dispensary practice, and could not find a locum (she insisted on a woman). E.G.A. had suffered many setbacks, for being a woman, as such being unacceptable in dissection rooms and operating theatres, and generally in a professional career where women were unheard of. She was finally permitted to receive her medical diploma from the Worshipful Society of Apothecaries of London. She wrote about her thesis: "I have chosen Headache as its subject. I had to find a subject which could be well studied without post-mortem observations, of which I can have but very few in either private or dispensary practice; and I wished also to take a large subject, one that demanded some insight into the harmony that exists between the main physiological functions." Marcia Wilkinson (M.W.), who worked in the Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Hospital in London for 35 years, heard there of E.G.A.'s thesis on migraine and sent for it from Paris. In 1966 she translated it into English from the original French, being interested both in the subject and in the person of this resolute and lucid woman. When H. Isler found the French thesis in the British Library he intended to

  11. Ischemic neuropathy and rhabdomyolysis as presenting symptoms of postpartum cardiomyopathy.

    PubMed

    Helmich, Rick C G; van Laarhoven, Hanneke W M; Schoonderwaldt, Hennie C; Janssen, Mirian C H

    2009-05-01

    Rhabdomyolysis and peripheral neuropathy are two distinct disease entities which are rarely encountered in combination. We present a woman with rhabdomyolysis and peripheral neuropathy 3 weeks postpartum. Her symptoms were caused by bilateral femoral artery thrombosis due to postpartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM). This demonstrates that PPCM may present with predominantly non-cardial symptoms and underscores the importance of rapidly recognizing this disorder.

  12. Arterial microembolisation: an unusual presentation of dilated cardiomyopathy.

    PubMed Central

    Gillespie, R L; Mullen, G M; Costanzo-Nordin, M R

    1990-01-01

    Systemic embolisation is common in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. Microembolisation as a presenting sign of dilated cardiomyopathy, however, has not been reported before. A 37 year old woman in whom dilated cardiomyopathy presented as arterial microembolisation to the toes is described. Images PMID:2310647

  13. Asymptomatic diffuse "encephalitic" cerebral toxoplasmosis in a woman with systemic lupus erythematosus.

    PubMed

    Murro, Diana; Novo, Jorge; Arvanitis, Leonidas

    2016-07-01

    Classic cerebral toxoplasmosis typically presents with neurologic symptoms such as seizures and mental status changes and histological examination shows focal lesions with necrosis. However, in the diffuse "encephalitic" form, patients are asymptomatic with diffuse, inflammatory, non-necrotic lesions. Asymptomatic diffuse "encephalitic" toxoplasmosis has been reported only in four acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients and one human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) negative patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia. We present a 36-year-old HIV-negative woman with systemic lupus erythematosus and lupus nephritis who was on immunosuppression for 9years after cadaveric renal transplant and died from pulmonary hemorrhage and cytomegalovirus pneumonia. Brain autopsy findings revealed multifocal microglial nodules containing Toxoplasma bradyzoites and associated astrogliosis. These nodules were prominent in the cerebellum, midbrain and medulla and also present in the cortex and thalamus. No coagulative necrosis, necrotizing abscesses, or other opportunistic infections were present. The patient had previously exhibited no neurologic symptoms and there was no clinical suspicion for toxoplasmosis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of diffuse, non-necrotizing, "encephalitic" cerebral toxoplasmosis reported in a lupus patient and also the first reported female case.

  14. Synchronous neuroendocrine tumors in both the pancreas and ileum: A case report

    PubMed Central

    Tsunenari, Takazumi; Aosasa, Suefumi; Ogata, Sho; Hoshikawa, Mayumi; Nishikawa, Makoto; Noro, Takuji; Shinto, Eiji; Tsujimoto, Hironori; Ueno, Hideki; Hamabe, Fumiko; Shinmoto, Hiroshi; Hase, Kazuo; Yamamoto, Junji

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Although it is well-known that in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN 1) disease, multiple endocrine lesions frequently occur, synchronous or metachronous neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) in non-MEN 1 patients are extremely rare. Presentation of case An asymptomatic 72-year-old woman with an ileal NET was referred to our hospital. Abdominal computed tomography revealed another circular tumor within the pancreatic head. She was classified as a non-MEN 1 patient. An operative procedure was performed with a preoperative diagnosis of synchronous NET, which was confirmed by pathological examination. Discussion Both morphologic and immunophenotypic findings were different between in the ileum and pancreas. Therefore, it was reasonable to consider that both tumors were primary tumors. The synchronous occurrence of these tumors is unusual, and it may be considered as a chance occurrence. Conclusion We here report the first case of synchronous pancreatic NET and ileal NET in a non-MEN 1 patient. PMID:27046104

  15. Allergic contact dermatitis to Aloe vera.

    PubMed

    Ferreira, Márcia; Teixeira, Marta; Silva, Elvira; Selores, Manuela

    2007-10-01

    We present the case of a 72-year-old woman observed for dermatitis on the legs followed by apperance of erythema on the eyelids. She had a past history of peripheral venous insufficiency and had been using self home-made Aloe vera juice over the legs for relief from pain. Patch tests showed positive reactions to the leaf of Aloe, the macerated Aloe jelly, and nickel sulfate. Although most manufacturers process Aloe products avoiding its irritant extracts, and probably as a consequence reports of allergic reactions are rare, one must remember that the growing popularity on the use of Aloe products may stimulate its use 'as is' by the patients. Furthermore, it is important to specifically ask patients about the use of these products, because they consider it as innocuous and thus would not spontaneously provide such information.

  16. Metastatic carcinoid tumor obstructing left ventricular outflow.

    PubMed

    Chrysant, George S; Horstmanshof, Douglas A; Guniganti, Uma M

    2011-01-01

    Cardiac tumors are rare and usually indicate metastatic disease. Characterizing a tumor and reaching an exact diagnosis can be difficult. Diagnosis has been aided greatly by advances in imaging, such as cardiovascular magnetic resonance with the use of gadolinium-pentetic acid. Carcinoid tumors are neuroendocrine neoplasms that are found most often in the intestinal tract, although they can also develop in the lung, stomach, or heart. Herein, we report the case of a 72-year-old woman with a history of intestinal carcinoid disease and presenting symptoms of dizziness, fatigue, and chest pain. We used cardiovascular magnetic resonance with gadolinium enhancement to identify a large mass obstructing left ventricular outflow. The histopathologic results of an endomyocardial biopsy confirmed that the mass was a left-sided metastatic carcinoid cardiac tumor. To our knowledge, we are reporting the 1st combined use of clinical evaluation, cardiovascular magnetic resonance, and histopathologic studies to reach such a diagnosis.

  17. Basilar impression as a possible cause of cerebellar stroke: case report.

    PubMed

    Roje-Bedeković, Marina; Vargek-Solter, Vesna; Bedek, Darko; Demarin, Vida

    2011-12-01

    A case is reported of a 72-year-old woman who presented with severe vertigo, vomit, and mild neck and occipital pain. She had a medical history of hypertension, angina pectoris, cholelithiasis, gastric ulcer, pyelonephritis and periodical mild dizziness. Neuroimaging revealed right vertebral artery occlusion, right cerebellar stroke and basilar impression. The therapeutic approach chosen in our patient was conservative, with non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs and neck collar. Although our patient's prior risk factors for stroke supported a diagnosis of vertebrobasilar stroke, it is possible that the vertebral artery occlusion was the result of changes in the atlantoaxial anatomy and that cerebellar infarction was secondary to craniocervical anomaly. Although the presence of vertebral artery occlusion, cerebellar stroke and basilar impression in our patient may have been coincidental, we suggest that patients with basilar impression and craniocervical anomalies in general may be at an increased risk of vertebrobasilar vascular disease and vertebrobasilar stroke.

  18. Mutation in LEMD3 (Man1) Associated with Osteopoikilosis and Late-Onset Generalized Morphea: A New Buschke-Ollendorf Syndrome Variant

    PubMed Central

    Korman, Benjamin; Wei, Jun; Laumann, Anne; Ferguson, Polly; Varga, John

    2016-01-01

    Introduction. Buschke-Ollendorf syndrome (BOS) is an uncommon syndrome characterized by osteopoikilosis and other bone abnormalities, accompanied by skin lesions, most frequently connective tissue nevi. BOS is caused by mutations in the LEMD3 gene, which encodes the inner nuclear membrane protein Man1. We describe a unique case of osteopoikilosis associated with late-onset localized scleroderma and familial LEMD3 mutations. Case Report. A 72-year-old woman presented with adult-onset diffuse morphea and bullous skin lesions. Evaluation revealed multiple hyperostotic lesions (osteopoikilosis) suggestive of BOS. DNA sequencing identified a previously undescribed nonsense mutation (Trp621X) in the LEMD3 gene encoding Man1. Two additional family members were found to have osteopoikilosis and carry the same LEMD3 mutation. Conclusions and Relevance. We report a unique familial LEMD3 mutation in an individual with osteopoikilosis and late-onset morphea. We propose that this constellation represents a novel syndromic variant of BOS. PMID:27382493

  19. Spontaneous Regression of Pulmonary Metastases from Breast Angiosarcoma

    PubMed Central

    Kim, S. W.; Wylie, J.

    2008-01-01

    Spontaneous regression of cancer is a rare phenomenon. We present a rare case of pulmonary metastases in a 72-year-old woman with metastatic breast angiosarcoma. She was diagnosed with a breast angiosarcoma in 2005 and underwent a total mastectomy and postoperative radiotherapy. Unfortunately, a year later she was found to have multiple lung and scalp metastases but in a view of her poor general fitness, she was not a candidate for chemotherapy and was kept on regular followup. Despite the absence of any treatment, the followup chest X-ray showed a significant reduction in the number and size of lung nodules and her scalp lesions regressed completely. Seven months after the diagnosis of metastatic disease, the nodules in her scalp remain controlled. PMID:19081840

  20. Auditory musical hallucinations associated with extended-release pramipexole in an elderly patient with Parkinson's disease.

    PubMed

    Kataoka, Hiroshi; Ueno, Satoshi

    2014-12-01

    Auditory musical hallucinations (AMHs) are rare complex auditory hallucinations in Parkinson's disease (PD) that have been limited previously. The characteristics of AMHs in PD remain uncertain. We describe a 72-year-old woman with PD who presented with AMHs. The AMHs occurred after immediate-release pramipexole was switched to extended-release pramipexole. The AMHs were a quiet piano or often songs on a loud radio or background music over other sounds. The music was unpleasant, but not objectionable, threatening, or ego-syntonic, and it did not interrupt her daily activities. AMHs in PD were non-threatening, and dopaminergic treatment may predispose patients to AMHs or be a unique possible cause of AMHs. The hallucinations can occur after immediate-release pramipexole was switched to extended-release pramipexole.

  1. Auditory Musical Hallucinations Associated With Extended-Release Pramipexole in an Elderly Patient With Parkinson's Disease

    PubMed Central

    Kataoka, Hiroshi; Ueno, Satoshi

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Auditory musical hallucinations (AMHs) are rare complex auditory hallucinations in Parkinson's disease (PD) that have been limited previously. The characteristics of AMHs in PD remain uncertain. We describe a 72-year-old woman with PD who presented with AMHs. The AMHs occurred after immediate-release pramipexole was switched to extended-release pramipexole. The AMHs were a quiet piano or often songs on a loud radio or background music over other sounds. The music was unpleasant, but not objectionable, threatening, or ego-syntonic, and it did not interrupt her daily activities. AMHs in PD were non-threatening, and dopaminergic treatment may predispose patients to AMHs or be a unique possible cause of AMHs. The hallucinations can occur after immediate-release pramipexole was switched to extended-release pramipexole. PMID:25501095

  2. Severe Aortic Coarctation in a 75-Year-Old Woman: Total Simultaneous Repair of Aortic Coarctation and Severe Aortic Stenosis

    PubMed Central

    Park, Ju Hyun; Song, Sung Gook; Kim, Jeong Su; Park, Yong Hyun; Kim, Jun; Choo, Ki Seuk; Kim, June Hong; Lee, Sang Kwon

    2012-01-01

    Aortic coarctation is usually diagnosed and repaired in childhood and early adulthood. Survival of a patient with an uncorrected coarctation to more than 70 years of age is extremely unusual, and management strategies for these cases remain controversial. We present a case of a 75-year-old woman who was first diagnosed with aortic coarctation and severe aortic valve stenosis 5 years ago and who underwent a successful one-stage repair involving valve replacement and insertion of an extra-anatomical bypass graft from the ascending to the descending aorta. PMID:22363387

  3. A 51-Year-Old Woman With Hypoacusia and Increased Respiratory Effort in the Supine Position and OSA.

    PubMed

    Fernández-Barriales, Marcos; Vázquez Marcos, Virginia; Álvarez, Ainhoa; Odriozola, Beatriz; Alonso, Juan; Egea Santaolalla, Carlos

    2016-08-01

    A 51-year-old woman with a personal history of vitiligo, normal thyroid hormone studies, a simple hysterectomy for multiple uterine myomas at age 35 years, and childhood adenotonsillectomy was seen for progressive hearing loss. She reported mild asthenia, cold intolerance, mild dysphagia with frequent choking while eating and drinking, and a progressive increase in inspiratory effort, especially in the supine position. Her partner described a progressively worsening history of snoring and witnessed apneic episodes, mostly in the supine position. Mild to moderate daytime sleepiness was also present.

  4. 41 CFR 102-74.426 - May a woman breastfeed her child in a Federal building or on Federal property?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false May a woman breastfeed... woman breastfeed her child in a Federal building or on Federal property? Yes. Public Law 108-199, Section 629, Division F, Title VI (January 23, 2004), provides that a woman may breastfeed her child...

  5. The Male Madonna and the Feminine Uncle Sam: Visual Argument, Icons, and Ideographs in 1909 Anti-Woman Suffrage Postcards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palczewski, Catherine H.

    2005-01-01

    In 1909, at the height of the woman suffrage controversy and during the golden age of postcards, the Dunston-Weiler Lithograph Company of New York produced a twelve-card set of full-color lithographic cartoon postcards opposing woman suffrage. The postcard images reflect, and depart from, verbal arguments concerning woman suffrage prevalent during…

  6. 41 CFR 102-74.426 - May a woman breastfeed her child in a Federal building or on Federal property?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false May a woman breastfeed... woman breastfeed her child in a Federal building or on Federal property? Yes. Public Law 108-199, Section 629, Division F, Title VI (January 23, 2004), provides that a woman may breastfeed her child...

  7. 41 CFR 102-74.426 - May a woman breastfeed her child in a Federal building or on Federal property?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false May a woman breastfeed... woman breastfeed her child in a Federal building or on Federal property? Yes. Public Law 108-199, Section 629, Division F, Title VI (January 23, 2004), provides that a woman may breastfeed her child...

  8. 41 CFR 102-74.426 - May a woman breastfeed her child in a Federal building or on Federal property?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false May a woman breastfeed... woman breastfeed her child in a Federal building or on Federal property? Yes. Public Law 108-199, Section 629, Division F, Title VI (January 23, 2004), provides that a woman may breastfeed her child...

  9. 41 CFR 102-74.426 - May a woman breastfeed her child in a Federal building or on Federal property?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false May a woman breastfeed... woman breastfeed her child in a Federal building or on Federal property? Yes. Public Law 108-199, Section 629, Division F, Title VI (January 23, 2004), provides that a woman may breastfeed her child...

  10. Cholangiocarcinoma Presenting as Uterine Metastasis

    PubMed Central

    Dendas, W.; Cappelle, L.; Verguts, J.; Orye, G.

    2014-01-01

    Metastases to the female genital tract are rare, with metastatic disease restricted to the uterus being even less frequent. The primary tumor is most often intragenital rather than extragenital. The diagnosis is usually made after occurrence of gynecological symptoms. We describe the case of a 26-year-old female, in whom a curettage for menorrhagia revealed a uterine malignancy, at first thought to be a carcinosarcoma. Biochemistry only showed iron deficiency anemia. Imaging showed discrepant results with liver lesions, suspect of neoplastic or inflammatory disease. She underwent an abdominal hysterectomy and, peroperatively, a frozen section of a mass in the liver hilus demonstrated a cholangiocarcinoma. The diagnosis of a uterine metastasized cholangiocarcinoma was made. We emphasize the fact that uterine metastases have to be excluded in every woman with abnormal uterine bleeding and a personal history of malignancy. However, our case also indicates that gynecological metastatic disease may be the first presentation of an extragenital primary neoplasm. PMID:25610676

  11. Heart and Lung Metastases From Endometrial Stromal Sarcoma in a Forty-Two-Year-Old Woman

    PubMed Central

    Shakerian, Behnam; Mandegar, Mohammad Hossein; Moradi, Bahieh; Roshanali, Farideh

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma (LG-ESS) is a malignant intrauterine tumor that rarely presents with distant metastasis. Simultaneous lung and cardiac metastases from LG-ESS is also an extremely rare event. Case Presentation: A 42-year-old woman presented with dyspnea and exercise intolerance. She had a history of hysterectomy and left salpingoophorectomy. She underwent second laparotomy as well as right oophorectomy after new finding of vaginal mass with histopathologic diagnosis of LG-ESS. Cardiac imaging techniques demonstrated tumoral process in the right atrium and ventricle, coronary sinus, and pulmonary outlet tract as well as multiple metastases in the lung fields. Successful complete surgical resection of the metastatic tumor in the right side of the heart and then radiotherapy were done. After 28 months, follow-up examination revealed no abnormality. Conclusions: We describe the first documented case of isolated intracardiac and lung metastases of a LG-ESS without concurrent abdominal or caval metastasis. PMID:26436070

  12. A ‘silent’ skull metastatic follicular thyroid carcinoma mimicking as a benign scalp tumor in a pregnant woman

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Tsung-Chun; Cheng, Yu-Kai; Chen, Tsung-Wei; Hsu, Yung-Chang; Liu, En-Wei

    2017-01-01

    Summary Thyroid cancer with cranial metastasis in a pregnant woman is very rare. In the literature, most cases are diagnosed early from neurogenic signs or symptomatic thyroid gland. Pregnancy also contributes to a hesitation toward early surgical and medical treatments. We reported a scalp tumor in a physically healthy 37-year-old pregnant female with a follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) with lung, bone and cranial metastasis in initial presentation. Silent neurogenic and physical examinations make an early diagnosis very challenging. Resection of scalp and intracranial tumor, a thyroidectomy, post-operative radioactive iodine therapy and tyrosine kinase inhibitors were employed as treatment. The scalp tumor was confirmed as a metastatic follicular thyroid carcinoma via positive immunoreactivity for thyroglobulin and thyroid transcription factor 1 in tumor cells. Blood examination revealed an elevated thyroglobulin level (>5335 ng/mL). The patient was discharged without any neurological deficit. An asymptomatic scalp tumor in a pregnant woman with a normal thyroid disease history needs differential diagnosis from intracranial origin. Rapid progression and an elevated thyroglobulin level are the indicators that further image study is needed. Aggressive surgical excision of resectable thyroid gland and metastatic tumor are essential for a longer survival rate. There is nothing to indicate that a post-partum operation will worsen prognosis. Learning points: Follicular thyroid cancer with cranial metastasis in initial presentation can be asymptomatic. Follicular thyroid cancer with cranial metastasis in a pregnant woman can be treated after delivery. Rapid enlargement of scalp tumor is indicated for further image study even in a patient without any neurological deficit. PMID:28203373

  13. Fulminant Wegener's granulomatosis presenting as epistaxis

    PubMed Central

    Thapar, Ankur; George, Ajith; Pfleiderer, Andrew

    2007-01-01

    The case of a 63‐year‐old woman who presented to the emergency department with epistaxis and haemodynamic instability is reported. Subsequent investigation showed renal failure and multiple pulmonary nodules. A positive proteinase 3 antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody test supported the diagnosis of fulminant Wegener's granulomatosis, requiring urgent dialysis, plasma exchange and immunosuppression. This is the first report in the emergency literature of Wegener's granulomatosis presenting as acute epistaxis. Emergency physicians should consider Wegener's granulomatosis in patients with atypical epistaxis. In patients presenting with clinically severe, active disease early proteinase 3 antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody testing is recommended. PMID:17351208

  14. One young woman's campaign: rock concerts and graffiti.

    PubMed

    Malewska, J

    1993-05-01

    Prevailing law and church dictum in 1989 Poland precluded talking about condoms and sex on the radio. Accordingly, a young woman who did a radio-theater drama with some friends about how to avoid HIV infection was thrown out of school. This youth, however, knew that her audience found the emission to be provocative and interesting, and that people were having unprotected sex at concerts in toilet stalls with unknown partners. The Ministry of Health nonetheless said funds were unavailable for condom distribution. Undeterred, the author, her younger brother, and 2 friends joined forces to make large banners with pictures of condoms, bought 500 condoms with their own money, and went to the largest rock festival in Warsaw. She described on stage what AIDS is and how to contract it while friends handed out condoms and leaflets. Their success how has them cooperating with 20 other groups and going to concerts to talk about AIDS and hand out condoms. They have also sprayed graffiti across Warsaw aimed at preventing HIV transmission and provide leaflets and condoms with money from France to ticket holders at area clubs; letters requesting cooperative action have been received. Despite the success of these activities, the Ministry of Health requires receipt of a project and budget proposal before they may consider funding. Graffiti, however, is illegal in Poland and the new Catholic government made is impossible to obtain cheap Polish condoms in shops. The activists continued to develop banners and graffiti, but failed to keep people from engaging in high risk sex with multiple partners. 3 of the author's attractive and healthy female friends therefore began going to concerts and night clubs where they feigned soliciting sexual relations and being HIV-seropositive. Unsuspecting takers without condoms were informed of the girls contrived HIV serostatus and told they must surely desire death if they are ready to have unprotected intercourse. The desire to use condoms has

  15. Dealing with colon cancer: one woman's emotional journey.

    PubMed

    Wilson, Candice T; Fletcher, Paula C

    2002-11-01

    stages often overlapped or occurred simultaneously. Additionally, the participant regressed to earlier stages when subjected to negative external factors. Four other highly salient emotions were also prevalent throughout the participant's experience with colon cancer, namely joy, fear, hope, and numbness. The findings from this case study help to validate Kubler-Ross's stages. Further, the importance of the voice of the participant cannot be overemphasized. This case study clearly depicts the unique thoughts and emotions during one woman's struggle with colon cancer, sentiments that are often overlooked in quantitative analysis.

  16. She stands alone: Pakistani woman film director, Shireen Pasha.

    PubMed

    Mustafa, A

    1995-01-01

    This article describes the activities of film director Shireen Pasha in promoting truth in the mass media in Pakistan. Pasha is described as one who finds it inexcusable in a state-subsidized system that national problems of poverty are not aired openly. Pasha has pursued the goal of exposing the real lives of Pakistanis on film in contrast to the publicly aired segments of "pretty girls in nice drawing rooms." Foreign channels available through satellite communications technology are viewed by Pasha as inappropriate with regard to people's needs and uncreative. Pakistan began with one channel, PTV, which recently refused to air her documentary on living conditions in Pakistan's rural areas "The Travelogue Pakistan." "The Walled City of Lahore" was her film about life in the old city. Both films poetically depicted the honor of humans and their struggle to stay alive. Some of her documentaries are made to show the value of indigenous skills, centuries old know-how, and traditions, regardless of the poverty. Pasha is described as fighting with PTV management over use of resources. Pasha desires to invest in training people to do documentaries or be more field-oriented rather than investing in equipment. Pasha joined PTV in 1975 and left in 1990. Pasha is recognized for her isolation as a woman in the business world, her commitment to exposing remote cultures and truth, and the odds she must confront in attaining her goals. Pasha is committed to doing extensive research, usually conducted during the summer months, in order to construct a credible story line that is produced usually during the winter months. One model of film story line is defined as one where women are portrayed as starting from an indigenous skill or knowledge and shifting to a greater position of power and control over their lives. Pasha believes that people who make films have the responsibility to evoke a reaction in people and to offer solutions. Two acclaimed films, which were supported by

  17. [Diagnostic image (213). A pregnant woman with premature contractions and vaginal blood loss].

    PubMed

    Michiels, I; Roumen, F J M E

    2004-10-30

    Emergency caesarean section was performed in a 40-year-old woman with solutio placentae. A Couvelaire uterus was diagnosed, showing typical blue-purple discolorations of the uterine wall, which are in fact haemorrhages caused by disseminated intravascular coagulation.

  18. Student Readers and the Civil War Letters of an Ohio Woman.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffmann, Leonore Noll

    1986-01-01

    Describes the creation of two anthologies of personal narratives by women. Explains how letters can stimulate students to become active readers using, as an example, letters written by a woman during the Civil War. (SRT)

  19. [Woman's participation in the decision process of the pregnancy and puerperal cycle: nursing care integrative review].

    PubMed

    Busanello, Josefine; Lunardi Filho, Wilson Danilo; Kerber, Nalú Pereira da Costa; Lunardi, Valéria Lerch; dos Santos, Silvana Sidnei

    2011-12-01

    This is an integrative review that aims to identify the contribution of nursing care for woman's participation in the decision process of the pregnancy and puerperal cycle, as described in Brazilian scientific publications. The scientific productions were retrieved in May, 2010, from the Virtual Library of Health (Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde) database. From the eight articles reviewed, two themes stood out: Contributions of nursing care to the woman's participation in the decision process of the pregnancy and puerperal cycle; and Limitations of nursing care to the woman's participation in the decision process of the pregnancy and puerperal cycle. The following review supports the production of knowledge in nursing, by identifying a gap in what nurses know and do about this issue, as shown by the lack of nursing researches that concern, specifically, the participation of the woman in the decision process during the pregnancy and puerperal cycle and the possible contributions of nursing care to ensure women of this right.

  20. Melena as presentation of primary small intestine inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor in an adult woman. A case report.

    PubMed

    Alloni, Rossana; Ancona, Gianluca; Gallo, Ida; Crescenzi, Anna; Coppola, Roberto

    2015-07-29

    È il caso di una paziente di 32 anni affetta da Miofibroblastoma non noto, trasferita da altra struttura sanitaria presso il nostro reparto perché affetta da melena da fonte non determinata. All’anamnesi risultava un precedente ricovero in altro Pronto Soccorso per un quadro clinico caratterizzato da dispnea, cefalea, tachicardia e astenia profonda., oltre a profonda anemia (Hg 5.8 g/dl). La gastroscopia non aveva evidenziato alcun motivo di sanguinamento e l’ecografia addomino-pelvica era risultata negativa. Dopo ripetute emotrasfusioni la tentata rettosigmoidoscopia era stata interrotto per intolleranza della paziente. Una volta stabilizzata si era proceduto al trasferimento presso la nostra struttura, e qui alla Risonanza Magnetica dell’addome veniva evidenziato, un ispessimento parietale esteso per 8 cm a del digiuno medio distale, in corrispondenza del fianco destro, antero – lateralmente al duodeno, ed adiacente ad esso una formazione ipervascolare solida di 20 mm. In prima ipotesi poteva trattarsi di un tratto invaginato del piccolo intestino con all’apice una lesione parietale solida, verosimile causa del sanguinamento. Persistendo il quadro anemico e avendo localizzato una lesione sospetta, la paziente è stata sottoposta ad intervento chirurgico, che portava alla conferma dell’esistenza di una lesione nodulare parietale del piccolo intestino, per cui si procedeva ad una sua resezione segmentaria comprendente la suddetta massa, sottoponendo il pezzo operatorio ad esame istologico definitivo. L’anatomo-patologo formulava la diagnosi isto-immunologica di pseudotumore infiammatorio (c.d. Tumore miofibroblastico infiammatorio) responsabile di invaginazione digiuno-digiunale. I margini di resezione risultavano indenni. Dimessa dopo un decorso postoperatorio senza complicanze, al follow-up di 6 mesi non si è ripresentato alcun sintomo di nuovo sanguinamento. Il sanguinamento della neoformazione responsabile della melena da fonte ignota era dovuto alla ipervascolarizzazione della tumefazione rivelata con la RMN, ed alla soluzione di continuo della mucosa di rivestimento conseguente al trauma della intussuscezione e non semplicemente alla sua struttura istologica. Si conclude per la remota possibilità di un Tumore Miofibroblastico Infiammatorio può essere responsabile di intussuscezione, come ogni massa parietale dell’intestino, e di melena.

  1. Mirror writing: a tachistoscopic study of a woman suffering from migraine when writing with the right hand.

    PubMed

    Nakano, Mitsuko; Tanaka, Shigeki; Izuno, Kenji; Ichihara, Shigeru

    2012-01-01

    An experimental study was conducted with a young woman who had suddenly developed mirror writing in the right hand, which she used for writing. She was not cured for eight years. The patient was ambidextrous and had no medical complaints except for migraine with perceptual and sensory abnormalities, and an enlarged cavity of the septum pellucidum. A previous study using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), conducted when she imagined letters and wrote letters in the air with either hand, indicated that both her cerebral hemispheres were active. In the present study three experiments were conducted using a tachistoscope to explore the stage in the cognitive process when directional errors emerged. In the experiments, after independently being presented with Attneave's meaningless figures or letters to each hemisphere, participants were requested to do the following: (a) verbally respond whether the orientation of two consecutively shown figures were the same or different and the letters were standard or reversed; (b) distinguish the orientations with right and left hand movements other than by writing (by pushing a button); and (c) reproduce the stimuli (drawing) immediately after the presentation. Results showed a higher rate of incorrect directions only when drawings were reproduced by the right hand. Results also indicated that the woman's inaccurate judgment in direction emerged only when in writing and not at the perceptual level, or when responding with hand movements other than writing. Her migraine was cured after five years following the experiment. The mirror writing was cured 2-3 months later.

  2. Early invasive vulvar squamous cell carcinoma arising in a woman with vulvar pemphigus vulgaris and systemic lupus erythematosus

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is an autoimmune blistering disease of the skin and mucous membranes. Genital involvement occurs when most other common sites are concurrently affected or are in remission. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease that may affect many parts of the body and the skin with occasional bullous lesions. Pemphigus vulgaris and SLE may be associated, albeit rarely. Here, we report the first case of a woman affected with SLE presenting with early invasive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) arising from Pemphigus Vulgaris of the vulva. Case presentation A 27-year-old Caucasian woman was admitted to our Gynaecology Unit for bleeding vegetant lesions of the vulva. Her history was characterized by systemic lupus erythematosus and PV. Biopsy showed concomitant PV and vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN) grade 3. One month later a new biopsy revealed progression from VIN 3 to early SCC. Despite chemotherapy, no remission of disease was observed. She died six months after diagnosis Conclusion Our case underlines PV as another chronic inflammatory disease of the lower genital tract predisposing to VIN-SCC. It suggests the need for careful follow-up of patients with chronic inflammatory disease, especially when concomitant autoimmune disorders are present. Moreover, a biopsy should be always performed if there are PV lesions because of the possibility of neoplastic disease. PMID:20573220

  3. [The woman at the termination of pregnancy for fetal anomalies: clinical case].

    PubMed

    Baena-Antequera, Francisca; Jurado-García, Estefanía

    2015-01-01

    Within the assistance and support to coping with perinatal death, it must be considered that there is a group of women whose process has some features that give specific connotations. We talked about when the perinatal loss occurs due to a maternal decision to the presence of a fetal malformation. These cases today, thanks to advances in the techniques of control fetal development, are not uncommon. In their assistance, healthcare professionals should be aware that they often present a great sense of guilt and ambivalence between well-made decision and the hardness of having to come to it. A case of a pregnant woman undergoing a fetal fetolisis and care plan developed in her assistance for the induction of labor, delivery and immediate postpartum period is presented. This plan includes the problems of collaboration and the independent problems that are formulated according to the NANDA, NOC and NIC taxonomies. The implication for practice after studying this case leads to the duty to equally address the coping with a stillbirth, whether it was spontaneous or had it been determined by fetal malformation completion, giving parents the ability to view and contact with their child.

  4. Genital tuberculosis in a tamoxifen-treated postmenopausal woman with breast cancer and bloody vaginal discharge

    PubMed Central

    Neonakis, Ioannis; Mantadakis, Elpis; Gitti, Zoe; Mitrouska, Ioanna; Manidakis, Louis George; Maraki, Sofia; Samonis, George

    2006-01-01

    Background Female genital tuberculosis is an uncommon disease that is rarely diagnosed in developed countries. Case presentation A 61-year-old postmenopausal woman who had undergone surgery and treated with adjuvant chemotherapy for infiltrating ductal carcinoma of the breast five years ago, presented with bloody vaginal discharge, fatigue, weight loss, and low grade fevers at night for two months. Histological examination of the endometrium, done based on the suspicion of a second primary cancer due to the tamoxifen therapy, revealed a granulomatous reaction. Liquid and solid mycobacterial cultures of the tissues were performed. Although the acid fast staining was negative, the liquid culture was positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Involvement of other systems was not detected. The patient was treated with a three-drug antituberculosis regimen for 9 months and recovered fully. Conclusion Female genital tuberculosis is a rare but curable disease that should be included in the differential diagnosis of women with menstrual problems. Early diagnosis is important and may prevent unnecessary invasive procedures for the patient. PMID:16948834

  5. Large hiatal hernia at chest radiography in a woman with cardiorespiratory symptoms.

    PubMed

    Torres, Daniele; Parrinello, Gaspare; Cardillo, Mauro; Pomilla, Marina; Trapanese, Caterina; Michele, Bellanca; Lupo, Umberto; Schimmenti, Caterina; Cuttitta, Francesco; Pietrantoni, Rossella; Vogiatzis, Danai; Licata, Giuseppe

    2012-11-01

    Hiatal hernia (HH) is a frequent entity. Rarely, it may exert a wide spectrum of clinical presentations mimicking acute cardiovascular events such as angina-like chest pain until manifestations of cardiac compression that can include postprandial syncope, exercise intolerance, respiratory function, recurrent acute heart failure, and hemodynamic collapse. A 69-year-old woman presented to the emergency department complaining of fatigue on exertion, cough, and episodes of restrosternal pain with less than 1 hour of duration. Her medical history only included some episodes of bronchitis and no history of hypertension. The 12-lead electrocardiogram demonstrated sinus rhythm with right bundle-branch block. Laboratory tests, including cardiac troponin I, were within normal reference values. Chest radiography showed no significant pulmonary alterations and revealed in mediastinum a huge abnormal shadow overlapping the right heart compatible with a gastric bubble.The gastroscopy confirmed a large HH. A 2-dimensional transthoracic echocardiogram, using all standard and modified apical and parasternal views, revealed an echolucent mass, compatible with HH, compressing the right atrium. Also, it showed an altered left ventricular relaxation and a mild increase of pulmonary artery pressure (35 mm Hg). Spirometry showed a mild obstruction of the small airways, whereas coronary angiography showed normal coronary arteries. We concluded that the patient's symptomatology was related to the compressive effects of the large hiatal ernia, a neglected cause of cardiorespiratory symptoms. The surgical repair of HH was indicated.

  6. Bochdalek hernia and repetitive pancreatitis in a 33 year old woman

    PubMed Central

    Angel, Medina Andrade Luis; David, Coot Polanco Reyes; Laura, Medina Andrade; Abraham, Medina Andrade; Stephanie, Serrano Collazos; Grecia, Ortiz Ramirez

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Bochdalek hernia presentation in adulthood is rare. The presentation in newborns is the most common, manifesting with data from respiratory failure secondary to pulmonary hypoplasia, requiring urgent surgical intervention with high morbidity and mortality. PRESENTATION OF CASE We present the case of a 33 year old woman admitted in the emergency room with severe abdominal pain in the left upper quadrant and disnea. After physical examination and laboratory test we diagnose mild acute pancreatitis. The patient haven’t colelitiasis by ulstrasound or any risk factor for pancreatitis. Initially she received medical treatment and was discharged after one week. After four weeks she presented the same symptoms in two different occasions, with severe and mild pancreatitis respectively. A computed tomography report a left posterolateral diafragmatic hernia. In spite of the rare association of pancreatitis and Bochdalek hernia, we realized it as the etiology until the second event and planned his surgery. We made a posterolateral torachotomy and diafragmatic plasty with a politetrafluoroetileno mesh and after a 6 months follow up she has coursed asymptomatic. DISCUSSION The high rate of complications in this type of hernia requires us to perform surgical treatment as the hernia is detected. In this case it is prudent medical treatment prior to surgical correction despite this being the origin of the pancreatitis, because the systemic inflammatory response added by the surgical act could result in a higher rate of complications if not performed at the appropriate time. There is no precise rule to determine the type of approach of choice in this type of hernia which thoracotomy or laparotomy may be used. CONCLUSION Bochdalek hernia is a rare find in adults who require treatment immediately after diagnosis because of the high risk of complications. When presented with data from pancreatitis is recommended to complete the medical treatment of pancreatitis before

  7. [Status of the Rwandan woman: static or dynamic?].

    PubMed

    Kabagwira, A

    1991-12-01

    The role of Rwandan women in population, health, nutrition, energy, water, environmental sanitation, and habitat is assessed in these excerpts from a study entitled "Socioeconomic Profile of the Rwandan Woman" which was carried but in collaboration with a Canadian organization. Rwanda's rate of population growth increased from 2.7% in 1970 to 3.7% in 1978. It is currently 3.6%. The total population increased by 57% between 1978-91. Population pressure on Rwanda's resources is reflected in soil exhaustion, fragmentation of land holdings, deforestation, erosion, and declining productivity. The total fertility rate of 8.6 has clear consequences for women's health and for their roles as educators of children and as economic producers. Women are adversely affected by migration and by polygamy. An estimated 22% of households are headed by women, whose economic disadvantages often translate into extreme poverty. The National Office of Population since its creation has attempted to increase awareness of the imbalance between population and resources and of the different contraceptive methods available. Rwanda's contraceptive prevalence rate has increased from 1.2% in 1985 to 10% in 1990. The health budget has been declining for several years. Women are the principal dispensers of health care to children and play an important role in traditional medicine and as midwives. Only 2.8% of deliveries are professionally attended, and the maternal mortality rate is high. Women's excess physical labor and lack of access to modern health care have been joined in recent years by another threat, AIDS. Although data on women's nutritional status are lacking, it is believed to be deficient. Increasing food imports since 1983 attest to the growing inability of the county to feed itself. At the national level, 27% of farm plots are of less than 1/2 hectare and 56% are under 1 hectare. Food distribution is poor between households and between regions, and seasonal shortages occur regularly

  8. Erythema ab igne: evolving technology, evolving presentation.

    PubMed

    Kesty, Katarina; Feldman, Steven R

    2014-11-15

    We present a case of a 49-year-old woman with erythema ab igne on her posterior thighs owing to 2-4 hours per day of seat heater use in her car. Erythema ab igne is caused by prolonged exposure to a heat source. It used to be caused mainly by wood stoves used to heat homes. Erythema ab igne is now more often related to other heat sources, including heating pads, laptop computers, and car seat heaters, as in our case. As technology changes, so does the presentation of skin conditions that are related to technology.

  9. Xanthoderma: an unusual presentation of hypothyroidism.

    PubMed Central

    al-Jubouri, M A; Coombes, E J; Young, R M; McLaughlin, N P

    1994-01-01

    A young woman presented with progressive yellowing of her skin over a period of six months. Liver function tests were requested by her general practitioner and the results prompted the Chemical Pathology Department to instigate further tests to reach the final diagnosis. Hypercarotenaemia had caused her yellow skin, and various other biochemical abnormalities pointed towards primary hypothyroidism as an underlying cause. Thyroxine replacement treatment successfully corrected all the biochemical abnormalities including hypercarotenaemia. As far as is known, yellow skin as a sole presenting feature of hypothyroidism is extremely rare. PMID:7962656

  10. Autoerythrocyte sensitization syndrome presenting with general neurodermatitis

    PubMed Central

    Oh, In Young; Ko, Eun Jung

    2013-01-01

    Autoerythrocyte sensitization syndrome (AES) was first described by Gardner and Diamond in 1955, when four women with painful bruising were depicted. Patients with AES typically present with the development of recurrent, spontaneous, painful ecchymosis, frequently preceded by a prodrome of pain or itching of the skin. The patients are sensitive to their own red blood cells injected intradermally, and underlying coagulopathies are thought to be absent. We introduce a 70-year-old woman presenting with recurrent episodes of painful bruising on the trunk and extremities. PMID:23956968

  11. Hypopituitarism presenting as congestive heart failure.

    PubMed

    Giri, S; Bansal, P; Malik, S; Bansal, R

    2017-03-03

    Sheehan's syndrome (SS) develops as a result of ischemic pituitary necrosis due to severe postpartum hemorrhage and is characterized by various degrees of hypopituitarism. Although the occurrence of SS is now rare, it should still be considered in any woman with a history of peripartum hemorrhage who develops manifestations of pituitary hormone deficiency any time following the event. Appropriate hormone replacement therapy results in marked clinical improvement. We present an unusual case of SS in a young lady who continued to have normal menstruation after the index event, had two spontaneous pregnancies, and was diagnosed only 11 years later when she presented to us with acute heart failure.

  12. Takayasu's arteritis presenting with focal periostitis affecting two limbs.

    PubMed

    Kim, J E; Kolh, E M; Kim, D K

    1998-12-31

    Takayasu's arteritis (TA) is a vasculitis of large and medium sized arteries. Involvement of bone in TA is very rare. We report a case of young woman who presented with multiple painful bone lesions which were identified as periostitis with new bone formation associated with TA. Our case is unique in that bony involvement in TA could occur independent of vascular stenosis.

  13. Endometrial Adenocarcinoma Presenting in a Premenopausal Patient with Tuberous Sclerosis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jaffe, J. S.; Chambers, J. T.

    2005-01-01

    Background: Endometrial adenocarcinoma is very uncommon in women under 40 years of age. Case: A 39-year-old woman with tuberous sclerosis and severe intellectual disability presented with irregular bleeding unresponsive to oral contraceptive therapy. She was subsequently found to have a deeply invasive endometrial adenocarcinoma. Conclusion:…

  14. Neuro-Behçet disease presenting with oculopalatal tremor.

    PubMed

    Morgan, Michael L; Espino Barros Palau, Angelina; Lee, Andrew G; Foroozan, Rod

    2015-03-01

    A 39-year-old woman with a history of Behçet disease presented for evaluation of oscillopsia that began postpartum. Examination showed oculopalatal tremor (OPT), documented videographically. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed bilateral pseudohypertrophy of the inferior olivary nuclei. Treatment with gabapentin was initiated for OPT presumed secondary to neuro-Behçet disease.

  15. Radiation induced esophageal adenocarcinoma in a woman previously treated for breast cancer and renal cell carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Secondary radiation-induced cancers are rare but well-documented as long-term side effects of radiation in large populations of breast cancer survivors. Multiple neoplasms are rare. We report a case of esophageal adenocarcinoma in a patient treated previously for breast cancer and clear cell carcinoma of the kidney. Case presentation A 56 year-old non smoking woman, with no alcohol intake and no familial history of cancer; followed in the National Institute of Oncology of Rabat Morocco since 1999 for breast carcinoma, presented on consultation on January 2011 with dysphagia. Breast cancer was treated with modified radical mastectomy, 6 courses of chemotherapy based on CMF regimen and radiotherapy to breast, inner mammary chain and to pelvis as castration. Less than a year later, a renal right mass was discovered incidentally. Enlarged nephrectomy realized and showed renal cell carcinoma. A local and metastatic breast cancer recurrence occurred in 2007. Patient had 2 lines of chemotherapy and 2 lines of hormonotherapy with Letrozole and Tamoxifen assuring a stable disease. On January 2011, the patient presented dysphagia. Oesogastric endoscopy showed middle esophagus stenosing mass. Biopsy revealed adenocarcinoma. No evidence of metastasis was noticed on computed tomography and breast disease was controlled. Palliative brachytherapy to esophagus was delivered. Patient presented dysphagia due to progressive disease 4 months later. Jejunostomy was proposed but the patient refused any treatment. She died on July 2011. Conclusion We present here a multiple neoplasm in a patient with no known family history of cancers. Esophageal carcinoma is most likely induced by radiation. However the presence of a third malignancy suggests the presence of genetic disorders. PMID:22873795

  16. Atypical presentation of Boerhaave's syndrome as Enterococcal bacterial pericardial effusion.

    PubMed

    Saha, Arin; Jarvis, Martin; Thorpe, James A C; O'Regan, David J

    2007-02-01

    Boerhaave's perforation is a serious condition describing spontaneous transmural perforation of the oesophagus. The classical presentation of this condition is vomiting, lower thoracic pain and subcutaneous emphysema. However, the condition often presents atypically and it is important to reach the correct diagnosis quickly. We present the case of a 54-year-old woman with a Boerhaave's perforation that presented as Enterococcal bacterial pericardial effusion.

  17. Superficial Angiomyxoma of the Vulva in a Postmenopausal Woman: A Case Report and Review of Literature

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Seung Hyun; Han, Myoungseok; Bae, Jong Woon; Park, Jung-Woo; Oh, So Ra; Kim, Sujin

    2016-01-01

    Superficial angiomyxomas (SAMs) are rare benign cutaneous tumors that involve the subcutaneous layer. They are commonly located in the trunk, lower limbs and head or neck of women of reproductive age. SAMs in the vulva of postmenopausal women are especially rare case. Herein, we report a vulvar SAM in a postmenopausal 60-year-old woman. The patient presented with a palpable cutaneous mass in the right labium majora that had appeared 3 months earlier. The mass was slow growing and approximately 5 cm in size and resembled a soft tissue malignancy. It appeared as a well-defined multilocular cystic mass in magnetic resonance images. The preoperative diagnosis was a benign cystic lesion such as an epidermoid cyst. Grossly, the completely excised mass was 6 × 5 cm in size and well circumscribed with a multilocular outer surface, a yellowish-gray gelatinous cut surface, and a smooth rubbery inner surface. Histologic review revealed that the mass contained small to moderate amount of cellular angiomyxoid nodules and bland-looking spindle-shaped to ovoid cells without atypia. Neutrophil infiltration, which is a diagnostic feature of SAMs, was observed. Immunohistochemistry showed expression of CD34, but not of estrogen receptors, progesterone receptors, or desmin in the SAM. The patient has been followed up for 12 months without recurrence. PMID:28119899

  18. Superior Dislocation of the Patella in a Young Woman without Osteophytes: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Kataoka, Tatsunori; Iizawa, Norishige; Takai, Shinro

    2016-01-01

    Superior dislocation of the patella without patellar ligament injury is an extremely rare condition. A review of the English-language literature found only 23 reported cases. In addition, the primary factor for dislocation in most of these cases was considered to be osteophytes in the inferior pole of the patella and the anterior surface of the femoral condyle; only 1 case had no osteophytes. We treated a 19-year-old woman who sustained a painful locking of the left knee after colliding with a friend. Plain radiography and computed tomography showed superior-lateral dislocation of the patella and an interlocking between notches in the inferior pole of the patella and the anterior surface of the femoral condyle. Closed reduction without sedation was performed without difficulty, and the patient was able to walk home without pain. After 1 week, the knee was without problems. The patient had no osteophytes in the knee and had no other common risk factors, such as patella alta, ligamentous laxity, genu recurvatum, and paralytic disorders. After a comparison with previously reported cases of superior patella dislocation, we concluded that the primary factor in the present case might have been a different condition.

  19. Autologous Fat Grafting as a Last Resort for Unsustainable Pain in a Woman with Multiple Osteochondromas

    PubMed Central

    Negenborn, Vera Lidwina; Ham, Simon Johannes

    2017-01-01

    Multiple osteochondromas (MO) is characterized by the formation of osteochondromas throughout the entire body. Although the evidence regarding its pathogenesis is well understood, no curative treatment for the disorder is available. Patients can be treated symptomatically by surgical removal of painful osteochondromas. Unfortunately, some patients still suffer from severe pain, even after surgery. We report on a case concerning a 48-year-old woman with a history of MO who presented with persistent pain after surgical removal of a symptomatic osteochondroma of the left scapula and multiple symptomatic osteochondromas of the left foot and trochanteric region. Several interventions to reduce the pain did not have any lasting effect. Subsequently, she was treated with autologous fat grafting (AFG). After each session she was pain-free for at least one year and reported only partial recurrence of the pain. This is the first case report describing AFG for the treatment of pain after both surgical removal of an osteochondroma and symptomatic osteochondromas in a patient suffering MO with promising results. The treatment is more effective and clearly continues to remain active longer than injection therapy or pain medication. Future studies are necessary to confirm our results. PMID:28352606

  20. Huge uterine fibroid in a postmenopausal woman associated with polycythaemia: a case report.

    PubMed

    Abdul Ghaffar, Nor Aliza; Ismail, M Pazudin; Nik Mahmood, N M Zaki; Daud, Khurshiah; Abu Dzarr, G A

    2008-06-20

    Uterine fibroid or leiomyoma is the commonest benign uterine tumour. Its occurrence in the postmenopausal age group is rare and if enlargement of the fibroid noted during this time, the diagnosis of leiomyosarcoma is provisional until proven otherwise. A case of a postmenopausal woman with a huge uterine fibroid associated with polycythaemia is presented whereby the mass was noted to increase in size within 2 years. The patient was otherwise well except for the growing uterine mass. She had venesection done to treat her polycythaemia and later underwent surgery for total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingoophoorectomy. The histopathology report confirmed leiomyoma of uterus with no evidence of sarcomatous changes. It was suggested that large uterine myoma may cause secondary polycythaemia by three postulated mechanisms, i.e. presence of hypoxia suggesting shunting within the tumour, second, the uterine fibroid was compressing the ureters resulting in inappropriate excessive production of erythropoietin by the kidneys, and third, the tumour itself may have been producing the erythropoietin.

  1. Symptomatic Ovarian Steroid Cell Tumor not Otherwise Specified in a Post-Menopausal Woman

    PubMed Central

    Sood, Neha; Desai, Kaniksha; Chindris, Ana-Maria; Lewis, Jason; Dinh, Tri A.

    2016-01-01

    Steroid cell tumor not otherwise specified (NOS) is a rare subtype of sex cord stromal tumor of the ovary and contributes less than 0.1% of all ovarian neoplasms. The majority of tumors occur in pre-menopausal women (mean age: 43 years), in which 56-77% of patients present with virilization due to excess testosterone. An 80-year-old woman with worsening alopecia and excessive growth of coarse hair on abdomen and genital area was found to have elevated serum testosterone level (462 ng/mL). Radiologic studies were consistent with bilateral adrenal adenomas. Bilateral adrenal venous sampling ruled out the adrenal gland as origin of hormone secretion. A diagnostic and therapeutic bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy confirmed steroid cell tumor NOS of the left ovary. Post-operatively, the patient had complete resolution of her symptoms and normalization of testosterone level. Our case emphasizes the importance of a clinical suspicion for an occult testosterone secreting ovarian tumor in a symptomatic patient without obvious ovarian mass on imaging. PMID:27441075

  2. Giant Endometrial Polyp in a Postmenopausal Woman without Hormone/Drug Use and Vaginal Bleeding

    PubMed Central

    Ünal, Betül; Doğan, Selen; Karaveli, Fatma Şeyda; Şimşek, Tayup; Erdoğan, Gülgün; Candaner, Işıl

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this study is to determine and discuss the causes of a giant endometrial polyp in a postmenopausal woman without hormone/drug use and to submit interesting clinical presentation. Here we report a seventy-year-old female patient who was admitted to our hospital with lower back pain. There were no other complaints from her. Physical examination was normal. For further examination, computed tomography was performed and a heterogeneous mass, with a diameter of 10 × 9 centimeters, was detected in the uterine cavity. Hysterectomy because of suspected endometrial cancer was performed. Histopathological examination showed us a giant endometrial polyp with edematous and focal fibrotic stroma, large thick walled blood vessels between normal sized and cystically dilated endometrial glands. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a giant endometrial polyp which is unrelated to use of drugs such as tamoxifen and raloxifene; however, based on the history of the patient it may be associated with long-term consumption of thyme, which is a kind of phytoestrogen. PMID:25093134

  3. Clinical Manifestation of a Calyceal Diverticular Abscess in a Pregnant Woman

    PubMed Central

    Hasegawa, Yuichi; Sago, Haruhiko

    2014-01-01

    Calyceal diverticula are congenital, nonsecretory abnormalities in which the transitional cell-lined cavity communicates with the renal collecting system. Here we present the case of a calyceal diverticular abscess during pregnancy. A 40-year-old primiparous woman developed the abscess at 23 weeks of gestation, with right flank pain and a 37.8°C fever. A transabdominal ultrasound revealed a 12 × 10 cm cystic mass in the right kidney. She was initially diagnosed with a simple renal cyst infection, and intravenous antibiotics were initiated. Percutaneous drainage was started at 26 weeks of gestation. When urine excretion from the cyst was confirmed by dye test using indigotindisulfonate sodium, the patient was diagnosed with a calyceal diverticular abscess. She gave birth to a 2,870 g healthy male at 38 weeks of gestation. Percutaneous drainage with low-dose antimicrobial therapy could thus allow for the continued pregnancy of women with a calyceal diverticular abscess until full term. PMID:25525537

  4. The Wandering Woman: A Case Study of Catatonia vs Factitious Disorder

    PubMed Central

    Wong, Jennifer WH; Williams, Steven R

    2017-01-01

    A 61-year-old woman with an unknown psychiatric history presented with mutism, stupor, negativism, and withdrawn behavior. She was admitted to the psychiatric unit for what appeared to be catatonia. Medical records were not readily available. A comprehensive evaluation did not uncover any medical etiology. Lorazepam was ineffective at consistently reversing her catatonic symptoms. During week three of hospitalization, she was given olanzapine with subsequent improvement in her negativism. Several physicians believed her catatonic symptoms were feigned given multiple episodes of spontaneous purposeful movement when she was not under the direct supervision of staff. There is minimal literature on distinguishing catatonia and factitious disorder. This distinction is crucial because these diagnoses require very different treatments, and the iatrogenic complications related to the treatment of catatonia with high-dose benzodiazepines and electroconvulsive therapy are significant. Rapid access to electronic health records can facilitate treatment for patients who cannot provide a medical history, especially when factitious disorder is included in the differential diagnosis. PMID:28352494

  5. Intra-articular knee mass in a 51-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Bergin, Patrick F; Milchteim, Charles; Beaulieu, Gregory P; Brindle, Kathleen A; Schwartz, Arnold M; Faulks, Craig R

    2011-03-11

    A 51-year-old woman presented with moderate knee pain refractory to conservative measures. Radiographs revealed a well-defined, but irregularly-shaped ovoid soft tissue density at the posterior superior aspect of the infrapatellar fat pad of Hoffa. On magnetic resonance imaging, the mass was mildly heterogeneous and had intermediate signal in the proton density series and mixed signal intensity on the T2-weighted images. A low-signal rim could be seen around a portion of the lesion. Arthroscopic resection was performed and a vascular stalk was encountered. The differential diagnosis included: ganglion cyst, meniscal cyst, intra-articular lipoma, villous proliferation of the synovial membrane, Hoffa disease, and intracapsular chondroma. Histologic examination revealed a fibrous capsule partially surrounding a benign lipomatous neoplasm containing an abundance of thin- and thick-walled blood vessels with periadventitial myxoid stroma. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of an intra-articular angiomyxolipoma in the literature. At 8-month follow-up, the patient was asymptomatic with no sign of recurrence. We postulate a low recurrence rate based on the insidious growth rate and benign histological appearance of such lesions. To our knowledge, no other intra-articular lipomatous lesion of the knee has been removed solely with arthroscopic techniques. Further follow-up information is needed to better understand the natural course of these lesions.

  6. Incidental Finding of Cor Triatriatum Sinister in an Asymptomatic Woman With Ankylosing Spondylitis

    PubMed Central

    Dogan, Bercem Aycicek; Sennaroglu, Engin; Dam, Gamze; Dogan, Nurettin Ozgur; Cicekcioglu, Hulya

    2011-01-01

    We present a 24-year-old woman with symptoms of backache, acute peripheral arthritis, joint swelling, and erythema, diagnosed with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and determined to have cor triatriatum sinister (CTS) without cardiac symptoms. On physical examination, the patient had a rythmic S1 with a loud pulmonic component to her S2 and a grade 2/6 systolic murmur along the left sternal edge. Pulmonary examination was normal. Also her left knee and left metacarpophalangeal joints were swollen. Chest radiography revealed a slight prominence of the pulmonary arteries. Her echocardiogram showed a normal left ventricle and that the left atrium was divided into 2 distinct chambers by a membranous septum. In the left atrium, a moderately obstructive fibromuscular membrane was imaged, resulting in a transmembrane mean pressure gradient of 6 mm Hg. Pulmonary artery pressure was increased (peak systolic pulmonary pressure: 44 mm Hg). There was also mild mitral regurgitation and the atrial septum was intact. Cardiac MRI demonstrated CTS. Cardiovascular involvement is a common finding in patients with AS. Thus, careful cardiac evaluation appears to be mandatory in all cases of AS. Our case may be interesting in that to the best of our knowledge, AS with CTS has not been previously reported. Also a patient with CTS who has no cardiac symptoms is a very rare occurrence in the literature.

  7. Cardiogenic shock following administration of propofol and fentanyl in a healthy woman: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Introduction Cardiogenic shock is very uncommon in healthy people. The differential diagnosis for patients with acute heart failure in previously healthy hearts includes acute myocardial infarction and myocarditis. However, many drugs can also depress myocardial function. Propofol and fentanyl are frequently used during different medical procedures. The cardiovascular depressive effect of both drugs has been well established, but the development of cardiogenic shock is very rare when these agents are used. Case presentation After a minor surgical intervention, a 32-year-old Caucasian woman with no significant medical history went into sudden hemodynamic deterioration due to acute heart failure. An urgent echocardiogram showed severe biventricular dysfunction and an estimated left ventricular ejection fraction of 20%. Extracorporeal life support and mechanical ventilation were required. Five days later her ventricular function had fully recovered, which allowed the progressive withdrawal of medical treatment. Prior to her hospital discharge, cardiac MRI showed neither edema nor pathological deposits on the delayed contrast enhancement sequences. At her six-month follow-up examination, the patient was asymptomatic and did not require treatment. Conclusion Although there are many causes of cardiogenic shock, the presence of abrupt hemodynamic deterioration and the absence of a clear cause could be related to the use of propofol and fentanyl. PMID:21846377

  8. Reversible left ventricular apical ballooning associated with jet lag in a Taiwanese woman: A case report

    PubMed Central

    Chang, Nen-Chung; Lin, Mei-Shu; Huang, Chun-Yao; Shih, Chun-Ming; Bi, Wei-Fung

    2007-01-01

    Reversible left ventricular apical ballooning, without coronary artery stenosis, is a novel heart syndrome mimicking acute myocardial infarction, and is very rare in Taiwan. A 74-year-old Taiwanese woman returned from travelling abroad for one week and suffered from persistent, severe jet lag with sleep disturbance. She had a cold exacerbated by bronchial asthma for three days. She presented with sudden onset of chest pain after drinking three cups of coffee and taking a sauna for more than 1 h. On admission, an electrocardiogram showed ST segment elevation in leads II, III, aVF and V3–6, and cardiac enzyme tests revealed minimal elevation. An echocardiogram showed apical ballooning and basal hyperkinesias of the left ventricle (LV) in systole. A coronary angiogram on the second day was normal, while the ST segment was still elevated, and the patient continued to experience chest pain. A negative T wave developed three days later. The electrocardiogram abnormality and LV dysfunction resolved completely six months later. A takotsubo (ampulla) cardiomyopathy was diagnosed. The activated myocardial adrenergic nervous system, stimulated by acute and marked stress in this patient, with more adrenergic innervations distributed in the apex of the LV, may be the trigger for this novel cardiac syndrome. PMID:22477274

  9. Evidence-based nursing care management for the pregnant woman with an ostomy.

    PubMed

    Sredl, Darlene; Aukamp, Virginia

    2006-01-01

    Pregnancy presents many problems without working through additional problems in coping with an ostomy. Yet many women with an ostomy do get pregnant and do deliver healthy babies. Evidence-based nursing is of the utmost importance, as there is little published information on this topic. Because of the scarcity of pregnant subjects within the ostomy category, most studies, by necessity, select a purposive subject base. Therefore, other information sources regarding nursing management of the pregnant woman with an ostomy take on considerably more importance. This article explores other forms of evidence that can be used in managing the care of pregnant ostomy patients and specifically how nurses can integrate various sources of information in designing an evidence-based nursing care plan. Nonpharmacologic forms of relaxation therapy, easily used by nurses, such as mindfulness-based stress reduction, guided imagery, and hypnosis, are also identified as some ways nurses can relieve anxiety and experiential stress associated with pregnancy in women who have an ostomy.

  10. Endometrial tubal metaplasia in a young puerperal woman after breast cancer

    PubMed Central

    Di Benedetto, Luisa; Giovanale, Valentina; Caserta, Donatella

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Tamoxifen is the usual endocrine (anti-estrogen) therapy for hormone receptor-positive breast cancer in pre and post-menopausal women. Previous studies have suggested an increased prevalence of endometrial diseases after treatment with tamoxifen. Case presentation: The authors report a case of 38-year-old woman with diagnosis of endometrial polyp and tubal metaplasia, during puerperium and after micropapillary ductal breast cancer surgery, 5 years of tamoxifen treatment, spontaneous pregnancy without complications and full-term vaginal delivery. Conclusion: Tamoxifen is a safe and reliable treatment of breast cancer, but data suggest an association with endometrial polyps, hyperplasia, metaplasia and carcinoma. One of the most common types of endometrial metaplasia is ciliated tubal metaplasia. It is generally known that endometrial tubal metaplasia is a benign disease. However studies propose endometrial tubal metaplasia to be a potential premalignant endometrial lesion and its association with endometrial hyperplasia and well-differentiated endometrioid carcinoma. We propose close monitoring of patients taking tamoxifen and prompt evaluation of any uterine bleeding or pelvic complaint or abnormal TVUS images. PMID:26261678

  11. A Young Woman with Ischemic Stroke: Should We Pay More Attention to Varicella Zoster Infection?

    PubMed Central

    Borbinha, Cláudia; Marto, João Pedro; Calado, Sofia; Viana-Baptista, Miguel

    2016-01-01

    Ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke are recognized complications of Varicella zoster virus (VZV) infections, although uncommon and poorly documented. The authors report the case of a 31-year-old woman admitted with acute ischemic stroke of the right posterior cerebral artery and a history of a thoracic rash 1 month before. Aspirin and simvastatin were prescribed, but the patient suffered a stepwise deterioration the following days, with new areas of infarction on brain imaging. Despite no evidence of cardiac or large vessel embolic sources, anticoagulation was started empirically 6 days after stroke onset. One week later, symptomatic hemorrhagic transformation occurred. The diagnosis of VZV vasculopathy was then considered, and treatment with acyclovir and prednisolone was started with no further vascular events. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis and digital subtraction angiography findings corroborated the diagnosis. The patient was discharged to the rehabilitation center with a modified Rankin scale (mRS) score of 4. On the 6-month follow-up, she presented only a slight disability (mRS score 2). In conclusion, VZV vasculopathy needs to be considered in young adults with stroke. A high index of suspicion and early treatment seem to be important to minimize morbidity and mortality. Anticoagulation should probably be avoided in stroke associated with VZV vasculopathy. PMID:27504091

  12. The Wandering Woman: A Case Study of Catatonia vs Factitious Disorder.

    PubMed

    Wong, Jennifer Wh; Williams, Steven R

    2017-03-01

    A 61-year-old woman with an unknown psychiatric history presented with mutism, stupor, negativism, and withdrawn behavior. She was admitted to the psychiatric unit for what appeared to be catatonia. Medical records were not readily available. A comprehensive evaluation did not uncover any medical etiology. Lorazepam was ineffective at consistently reversing her catatonic symptoms. During week three of hospitalization, she was given olanzapine with subsequent improvement in her negativism. Several physicians believed her catatonic symptoms were feigned given multiple episodes of spontaneous purposeful movement when she was not under the direct supervision of staff. There is minimal literature on distinguishing catatonia and factitious disorder. This distinction is crucial because these diagnoses require very different treatments, and the iatrogenic complications related to the treatment of catatonia with high-dose benzodiazepines and electroconvulsive therapy are significant. Rapid access to electronic health records can facilitate treatment for patients who cannot provide a medical history, especially when factitious disorder is included in the differential diagnosis.

  13. A 66-Year-Old Woman with a Progressive, Longitudinally Extensive, Tract Specific, Myelopathy

    PubMed Central

    Schwetye, Katherine E.; Perrin, Richard; Schmidt, Robert E.

    2016-01-01

    A 66-year-old woman presented with progressive lancinating pain and sensory deficits attributable to a myelopathy of unclear etiology. Spinal cord magnetic resonance imaging showed a longitudinally extensive T2-hyperintense lesion of the dorsal columns. Comprehensive serum, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid analyses failed to identify an etiology. Empiric intravenous methylprednisolone and intravenous immunoglobulin were of no benefit and serial screens for an occult malignancy were negative. She developed dysesthesias and allodynia affecting her entire body and lost the use of her arms and legs due to severe sensory ataxia that was steadily progressive from onset. She opted against additional aggressive medical management of her condition and passed away on hospice eleven months after symptom onset. Autopsy revealed findings most consistent with polyphasic spinal cord ischemia affecting the dorsal and lateral white matter tracts and, to a lesser extent, adjacent gray matter. The underlying etiology for the progressive vasculopathy remains unknown. Spinal cord ischemia affecting the posterior spinal cord is rare and to our knowledge this case represents the only instance of a progressive spinal cord tractopathy attributable to chronic spinal cord ischemia. PMID:27990305

  14. Refractory hypotension and edema caused by right atrial compression in a woman with polycystic kidney disease.

    PubMed

    Lasic, Lada Beara; DeVita, Maria V; Spiegel, Paul J; Marino, Nino D; Mellow, Ellen; Michelis, Michael F

    2004-03-01

    We present the case of a 60-year-old woman with a history of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and long-standing hypertension who developed persistent hypotension. While in the hospital for the treatment of bacteriemia, the patient had low systolic blood pressures (90 to 100 mm Hg), which was thought to be the consequence of infection. After the infection was adequately controlled and the blood pressure did not improve, an echocardiogram was done to further elucidate her hypotension. It was nondiagnostic and revealed an ejection fraction of 70% with left ventricular hypertrophy. Shortly after discharge, she developed significant lower extremity edema and her blood pressure remained low. Due to the low blood pressure it was not possible to mobilize the fluid with her dialysis treatments. A repeat transthoracic echocardiogram at that time revealed that the right atrium was partially compressed throughout the cardiac cycle by polycystic hepatic tissue. This tissue invaginated up through the right hemidiaphragm. A partial liver resection was considered for the patient. Instead, right nephrectomy was performed and the blood pressure improved.

  15. Reconceptualizing successful aging among black women and the relevance of the strong black woman archetype.

    PubMed

    Baker, Tamara A; Buchanan, NiCole T; Mingo, Chivon A; Roker, Rosalyn; Brown, Candace S

    2015-02-01

    Although there are multiple pathways to successful aging, little is known of what it means to age successfully among black women. There is a growing body of literature suggesting that black women experience a number of social challenges (sexism and racism) that may present as barriers to aging successfully. Applying aspects of the Strong Black Women ideal, into theoretical concepts of successful aging, may be particularly relevant in understanding which factors impair or promote the ability of black women to age successfully. The Strong Black Women archetype is a culturally salient ideal prescribing that black women render a guise of self-reliance, selflessness, and psychological, emotional, and physical strength. Although this ideal has received considerable attention in the behavioral sciences, it has been largely absent within the gerontology field. Nevertheless, understanding the dynamics of this cultural ideal may enhance our knowledge while developing an appreciation of the black woman's ability to age successfully. Rather than summarize the social, physical, and mental health literature focusing on health outcomes of black women, this conceptual review examines the Strong Black Women archetype and its application to the lived experiences of black women and contributions to current theories of successful aging. Focusing on successful aging exclusively among black women enhances our understanding of this group by considering their identity as women of color while recognizing factors that dictate their ability to age successfully.

  16. Raloxifene protects against seizures and neurodegeneration in a mouse model mimicking epilepsy in postmenopausal woman.

    PubMed

    Pottoo, F H; Bhowmik, M; Vohora, D

    2014-12-18

    Epilepsy in menopausal women presents several challenges in the treatment including an increased risk of seizures due to hormone replacement therapy. We investigated the hypothesis if raloxifene, a selective oestrogen receptor modulator, could be employed to prevent behavioural seizures and morphological alterations in a mouse model mimicking epilepsy in postmenopausal women. Female mice were made ovotoxic by treatment with 4-vinylcyclohexene diepoxide (VCD) to mimic a postmenopausal state. They were then subjected to kainic acid (KA)-induced seizures and neurotoxicity, as assessed by microscopic examination of hippocampus, relevant to human temporal lobe epilepsy. VCD administration (for 15days followed by a drug-free period of 30days) induced ovotoxicity in mice as evidenced by reduced number of primary ovarian follicles. This was accompanied by a 62.4% reduction in serum oestradiol levels. The bone mineral density of ovotoxic mice, however, remained unaffected. Raloxifene (8mg/kg) reduced the seizure severity score in both normal and ovotoxic mice and protected against degeneration induced by KA in the CA3, CA1 sub-fields and hilus of the DG. Hippocampal TGF-β3 levels were not affected by any of the treatments. We show the potential protective role of raloxifene in preventing seizures and neuronal damage in a mouse model mimicking epilepsy in postmenopausal women which was found unrelated to hippocampal TGF-β3. Raloxifene might represent a novel therapeutic option for postmenopausal temporal lobe epileptic woman.

  17. Laparoscopic splenectomy for the treatment of wandering spleen in a pregnant woman: a case report.

    PubMed

    Yücel, Ergün; Kurt, Yavuz; Ozdemir, Yavuz; Gun, Ismet; Yildiz, Mehmet

    2012-04-01

    Laparoscopic splenectomy became the gold standard recently for the removal of spleen. One of its rare indication is wandering spleen (WS). WS is characterized by incomplete fixation of the spleen. Patients usually have an asymptomatic abdominal mass. When they are symptomatic, abdominal pain with a mobile mass is the major finding. Laboratory data are nonspecific, but the diagnosis can be confirmed by imaging studies; computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasonography are preferred modalities. It can predispose one to life-threatening complications such as splenic infarction, portal hypertension, pancretitis, and hemorrhage, due to torsion of its vascular pedicle. Herein, we present a female patient, a 24-year-old, 18-week primigravida. She was admitted with an intra-abdominal mass and lower abdominal pain. Ultrasonography revealed a mass behind the uterus. Magnetic resonance imaging was planned, and the spleen was seen at this area. We performed laparoscopic splenectomy for the treatment of a WS, which would be dangerous for pregnancy. The patient was discharged without any postoperative complication on the third day postoperatively. A healthy baby was delivered at term. Minimally invasive procedures should also be the primary choice in the treatment of such pregnant women. This is the first case of laparoscopic splenectomy in a pregnant woman for WS in the English literature.

  18. Acute hepatitis in a woman following excessive ingestion of an energy drink: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Introduction The consumption of energy drinks has increased significantly. We report the case of a patient who presented to our hospital with jaundice, abdominal pain, and markedly increased liver transaminases likely due to the increased consumption of an energy drink. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report in the literature linking the development of acute hepatitis to the consumption of an energy drink. Case presentation A 22-year-old Caucasian woman presented to our hospital with epigastric pain, nausea, vomiting, and low-grade fever. She had been drinking 10 cans of an energy drink daily for two weeks prior to presentation. Her physical examination revealed mild epigastric tenderness. Her initial blood tests revealed elevated alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and total bilirubin. A computed tomographic scan of the abdomen and pelvis was normal, and the patient was discharged to home. She returned to the Emergency Department of our hospital with worsening pain and new-onset jaundice. This time her physical examination revealed epigastric tenderness and icteric sclera. Her aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and international normalized ratio were markedly elevated. Further radiological studies were non-specific, and she was admitted to our hospital with a diagnosis of acute hepatitis. Her viral serology and toxicology screens were negative. The patient was treated supportively and was discharged after resolution of her symptoms and a marked decrease in her liver enzymes. Conclusion The development of acute hepatitis in this patient was most likely due to the excessive ingestion of an energy drink, and we speculate that niacin was the culprit ingredient. PMID:21696583

  19. Non-infectious osteomyelitis of the mandible in a young woman: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Introduction We present the case of a patient with non-infectious osteomyelitis of the mandible, which is a recognized but unusual condition of unknown cause. Case presentation A 14-year-old Caucasian girl presented with pain and edema in the left side of her jaw. A clinical examination led to a diagnosis of osteomyelitis and she was treated with antibiotics. Our patient continued antibiotic treatment for osteomyelitis and underwent decortication. Histology based on a biopsy showed new bone formation and chronic inflammation, and a diagnosis of sclerotic osteomyelitis was made. Over the next few years, she experienced pain on the left side of her jaw and increasing edema, and the size of the left side of her jaw bone increased. She was then sent to our Department of Medicine at the age of 16 years. Her symptoms included pain in the left side of her jaw that scored 4 on a visual analogue scale of 1 to 10. A diagnosis of bone disease was made based on bone scintigraphy and single photon emission computed tomography that showed hot spots in the affected left side of the jaw. Our patient was treated with a single dose of intravenous zoledronic acid (5mg) at age 17 years, which was repeated after 12 months. The bone pain was significantly reduced six months after treatment and had disappeared 24 months after treatment. Conclusion We report an unusual localization of non-infectious osteomyelitis of the jaw in a young woman. Even though the presentation was in the jaw, her condition improved after intravenous bisphosphonate treatment, as evaluated by reduced clinical symptoms, bone turnover evaluation as assessed by biochemical bone markers, and reduced activity on bone scintigraphy. PMID:24521360

  20. A 57-year-old Brazilian woman with a giant mucinous cystadenocarcinoma of the ovary: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Giant cystadenocarcinomas of the ovary are rarely described conditions. Case presentation The authors describe a 57-year-old Brazilian woman who presented with an increase in abdominal girth in February 2003. Imaging studies showed a giant abdominal pelvic mass with probable origin in the right ovary. Cancer antigen-125 was elevated, while carcinoembrionic antigen and alpha-fetoprotein were normal. Total abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral salpingoophorectomy and omentectomy were done. The mass weighed 40Kg, and the histopathology study revealed a mucinous cystadenocarcinoma. She underwent chemotherapy with paclitaxel and cisplatin with no side effects. Under follow-up for more than 10 years, she is asymptomatic and with normal imaging and laboratory parameters, including the cancer antigen-125 marker. Conclusion This huge tumor evolved for a long time unsuspected and without metastases in a patient from a developing region. The diagnostic and management challenges posed by this unexpected and unusual presentation of an ovarian cystadenocarcinoma are discussed. PMID:24594205

  1. Second trimester hepatic rupture in a 35 year old nulliparous woman with HELLP syndrome: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Kelly, J; Ryan, DJ; O'Brien, N; Kirwan, WO

    2009-01-01

    The HELLP syndrome (haemolysis, elevated liver blood tests and low platelets) is a serious complication in pregnancy characterized by haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelet count occurring in 0.5 to 0.9% of all pregnancies and in 10–20% of cases with severe preeclampsia. Hepatic capsular rupture is a rare yet dramatic complication of HELLP syndrome. The majority of cases occur in multiparous women over the age of 30. Classically it presents with acute onset right upper quadrant pain in the presence of constitutional symptoms such as vomiting and pyrexia. However, symptoms and signs are usually non specific. Spontaneous hepatic rupture can be preceded by signs of hypovolaemic shock; yet the diagnosis is infrequently made prior to emergent laparotomy. We present the case of a 35 year old nulliparous woman with a second trimester gestational hepatic rupture associated with HELLP syndrome. We briefly discuss the aetiology, diagnostic difficulties and treatment options associated with this rare presentation. PMID:19527504

  2. The Drop That Spilled the Cup: Acute Myocardial Infarction in a Young Woman with Underlying Thrombophilic Polymorphisms and Oral Contraceptive Use

    PubMed Central

    Capilli, Gianfranco; Patané, Anella Antonietta

    2014-01-01

    We present the case of a 28-year-old woman who was admitted to our cardiology unit for acute coronary syndrome. Her history was notable for cardiovascular disease familiarity, active smoking, and oral contraceptive use. On further analysis, she was noted to have thrombophilic polymorphisms involving the plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) genes. We discuss the implications that these cofactors may have had in the genesis of the disease. PMID:25587456

  3. Psychological meaning of a woman with a hysterectomy among Mexican physicians and women.

    PubMed

    Marván, Maria Luisa; Catillo-López, Rosa Lilia; Ehrenzweig, Yamilet; Palacios, Pedro

    2012-01-01

    The psychological meaning of women who have had a hysterectomy, and attitudes toward them, were explored in 121 Mexican gynecologists, 155 women who had undergone a hysterectomy, and 115 women who had not had a hysterectomy. The surveys were completed between January and May 2011. Both groups of women defined a woman who had had a hysterectomy using words with positive meanings (healthy, happy, reassured, and complete), as well as words with negative meanings (sad, incomplete, and irritable). However, the participants who had not had a hysterectomy defined a woman who had had a hysterectomy using more negative words and showed more negative attitudes toward such a woman with a hysterectomy than those women who had undergone a hysterectomy. Among participants who had undergone a hysterectomy, those who were premenopausal prior to the surgery and those who had undergone bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy defined a woman who had had a hysterectomy in a more negative manner and showed the most negative attitudes. The gynecologists did not use words with emotional content regarding women who had had a hysterectomy and showed more neutral attitudes toward such a woman than did both groups of women. These findings could be helpful in designing support programs for women facing a hysterectomy.

  4. Necrotising fasciitis of the cervicofacial region: a bizarre presentation.

    PubMed

    Tandon, A; Gupta, A; Yateesh, S; Dua, A; Kumar, S

    2010-10-01

    The following paper presents the case of a middle-aged woman, who presented with a necrotising soft tissue infection of the cervicofacial region with maggots in situ. She was managed with aggressive surgical debridement, but eventually succumbed to the disease because of erosion of the great vessels of the neck by the maggots. The purpose of this case report is to emphasise the severity of this disease and also to present an unusual case, which had a fatal outcome.

  5. [Wegener's granulomatosis presenting with ischaemic stroke].

    PubMed

    Wieteska, Maria; Wawrzyńska, Liliana; Wiatr, Elzbieta; Chabowski, Mariusz; Bestry, Iwona; Kurzyna, Marcin; Torbicki, Adam

    2008-01-01

    Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) is a systemic disease of unknown origin characterized by necrotizing granulomatous vasculitis that involves primarily the upper and the lower respiratory tracts and the kidneys. A 44-year-old woman presenting with unusual neurological manifestation is reported. The patient with multiple pulmonary round shadows and hilar lymphadenopathy on the chest X-ray pictures, suffered from sudden hemiparesis episode. Computed tomography revealed ischemic stroke focus. A diagnosis of WG was confirmed by histological examination of specimen obtained during open lung biopsy. During the combination chemotherapy with prednisolone and cyclophosphamide, neurological symptoms decreased and clinical condition significantly improved.

  6. Appendicitis during pregnancy in a Greenlandic Inuit woman; antibiotic treatment as a bridge-to-surgery in a remote area.

    PubMed

    Dalsgaard Jensen, Trine; Penninga, Luit

    2016-05-18

    Appendicitis during pregnancy causes severe diagnostic problems, and is associated with an increase in perforation rate and morbidity compared to that in the normal population. In addition, it may cause preterm birth and fetal loss. In remote areas, appendicitis during pregnancy, besides presenting diagnostic problems, also creates treatment difficulties. In Northern Greenland, geographical distances are vast, and weather conditions can be extreme. We report a case of a Greenlandic Inuit woman who presented with appendicitis during pregnancy. The nearest hospital with surgical and anaesthetic care was located nearly 1200 km away, and, due to extreme weather conditions, she could not be transferred immediately. She was treated with intravenous antibiotic treatment, and after weather conditions had improved, she was transferred by aeroplane and underwent appendicectomy. She recovered without complications. Our case suggests that appendicitis during pregnancy may be treated with antibiotics in remote areas until surgical treatment is available.

  7. Delusion of pregnancy in a drug-naïve young woman showing hyperprolactinemia and hypothyroidism: a case report.

    PubMed

    Penta, Elena; Lasalvia, Antonio

    2013-01-01

    The present article reports the case of a delusional pregnancy that developed in a drug-naïve young woman affected by paranoid schizophrenia and Hashimoto-related hyperprolactinemia. The literature in this field has addressed the phenomenon of distorted thoughts of pregnancy being elicited by physical changes due to drug-induced hyperprolactinemia. The present report gives account of a case of delusional pregnancy that developed in a schizophrenic patient with concurrent hyperprolactinemia induced by a primary endocrine disease. In this instance, however, amelioration of delusional beliefs did not ensue from hyperprolactinemia normalization, but was mostly due to cognitive restructuring of distorted thinking (together with the antipsychotic treatment). This finding confirms the importance of considering the key role of the interaction of biological, cognitive and psychological mechanisms in the construction of inaccurate beliefs and feelings about pregnancy.

  8. Schizophrenia or neurodegenerative disease prodrome? Outcome of a first psychotic episode in a 35-year old woman

    PubMed Central

    Khan, Baber K.; Woolley, Josh D.; Chao, Steven; See, Tricia; Karydas, Anna M.; Miller, Bruce L.; Rankin, Katherine P.

    2011-01-01

    Background Patients with early onset neurodegenerative disease can present with a clinical syndrome that overlaps with schizophrenia, and it is not uncommon for these patients to undergo long-term care in psychiatric settings rather than receiving more appropriate care by neurologists specializing in their disease. Case report A 35-year old woman who presented with new-onset delusions, eating abnormalities, disorganized behavior, lack of insight, disinhibition, and stereotypical motor behaviors was diagnosed with schizophrenia and institutionalized. Later she was found to have a MAPT tau S356T mutation and a focal pattern of brain atrophy consistent with frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Conclusion Physicians should be aware of the potential overlap in symptoms and age of onset between some forms of FTD and schizophrenia, and should include FTD in the diagnostic differential for adult patients with new onset, rapidly progressive personality changes or behavioral symptoms such as binge eating, high levels of social disinhibition, or progressive mutism. PMID:22284422

  9. Elderly woman with cerebrovascular accident and refractory arrhythmias.

    PubMed

    Sethi, S K; Sarm, P S A

    2009-11-01

    Fatal bilateral cerebro-vascular accident with variable atrio-ventricular blocks, atrial fibrillation and refractory tachy-arrhythmias in a previously healthy 75-years-old hypertensive female is presented.

  10. A Woman Administrator Speaks: Openness and Secrecy in Educational Administration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Martha

    1975-01-01

    In a speech presented to NAWDAC, NASPA and ACPA in Chicago, April 15, 1974, the author addresses problems encountered by administrators regarding the need to maintain credibility while recognizing theneed to maintain some amount of confidentiality. (HMV)

  11. Absorbed Dose in the Uterus of a Three Months Pregnant Woman Due to 131I

    SciTech Connect

    Vega-Carrillo, Hector Rene; Manzanares-Acuna, Eduardo; Hernandez-Davila, Victor Martin; Arcos-Pichardo, Areli; Barquero, Raquel; Iniguez, M. Pilar

    2006-09-08

    The use of 131I is widely used in diagnostic and treatment of patients. If the patient is pregnant the 131I presence in the thyroid it becomes a source of constant exposition to other organs and the fetus. In this study the absorbed dose in the uterus of a 3 months pregnant woman with 131I in her thyroid gland has been calculated. The dose was determined using Monte Carlo methods in which a detailed model of the woman has been developed. The dose was also calculated using a simple procedure that was refined including the photons' attenuation in the woman organs and body. To verify these results an experiment was carried out using a neck phantom with 131I. Comparing the results it was found that the simple calculation tend to overestimate the absorbed dose, by doing the corrections due to body and organs photon attenuation the dose is 0.14 times the Monte Carlo estimation.

  12. Absorbed Dose in the Uterus of a Three Months Pregnant Woman Due to 131I

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vega-Carrillo, Héctor René; Manzanares-Acuña, Eduardo; Hernández-Dávila, Víctor Martín; Arcos-Pichardo, Areli; Barquero, Raquel; Iñiguez, M. Pilar

    2006-09-01

    The use of 131I is widely used in diagnostic and treatment of patients. If the patient is pregnant the 131I presence in the thyroid it becomes a source of constant exposition to other organs and the fetus. In this study the absorbed dose in the uterus of a 3 months pregnant woman with 131I in her thyroid gland has been calculated. The dose was determined using Monte Carlo methods in which a detailed model of the woman has been developed. The dose was also calculated using a simple procedure that was refined including the photons' attenuation in the woman organs and body. To verify these results an experiment was carried out using a neck phantom with 131I. Comparing the results it was found that the simple calculation tend to overestimate the absorbed dose, by doing the corrections due to body and organs photon attenuation the dose is 0.14 times the Monte Carlo estimation.

  13. Ledderhose disease: an unusual presentation.

    PubMed

    Fausto de Souza, Dominique; Micaelo, Lilian; Cuzzi, Tullia; Ramos-E-Silva, Marcia

    2010-09-01

    Plantar fibromatosis, or Ledderhose disease, is a rare hyperproliferative disorder of the plantar aponeurosis. It may occur at any age with the greatest prevalence at middle age and beyond. This disorder is more common in men than woman and it is sometimes associated with other forms of fibromatosis. A 28-year-old Brazilian woman with a six-year history of painless bilateral plantar nodules is described in this article.

  14. The Female Naval Officer. A Recruiter’s Guide to the American Woman.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-06-01

    dl1.41gemwSAeY Pg au IU ) @1 Approved for public release; distribution unlimited The Female Naval Officer A Recruiter’s Guide to the American Woman by...officers are being assigned to a greater variety of jobs (formerly closed to women ) within the Navy. This continuous expanding demand for female officers...meets with hostility by both the men and women and is branded "mannish" or worse. The irony of all this is that to be a successful career woman and

  15. A Case of Premature Ovarian Failure in a 33-Year-Old Woman

    PubMed Central

    Colao, Emma; Granata, Teresa; Vismara, Marco F. M.; Bombardiere, Francesco; Nocera, Donatella; Luciano, Elisa; Perrotti, Nicola; Malatesta, Paola

    2013-01-01

    Objective. To assess aetiology of a POF in a 33-year-old woman and, if possible, plan a cure. Design. Case report. Setting. medical genetics diagnostic unit in a university hospital. Patient. A 33-year-old woman with premature ovarian failure (POF). Intervention(s). Genetic counseling, karyotyping, FISH study. Result(s). Turner-like diagnosis. Conclusion(s). Most cases of POF remain idiopathic. Turner syndrome can occur in very different phenotypes; cytogenetic and molecular profiling can provide a definitive diagnosis in cases with nonclassical phenotype. PMID:23509644

  16. A case of premature ovarian failure in a 33-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Colao, Emma; Granata, Teresa; Vismara, Marco F M; Bombardiere, Francesco; Nocera, Donatella; Luciano, Elisa; Perrotti, Nicola; Malatesta, Paola

    2013-01-01

    Objective. To assess aetiology of a POF in a 33-year-old woman and, if possible, plan a cure. Design. Case report. Setting. medical genetics diagnostic unit in a university hospital. Patient. A 33-year-old woman with premature ovarian failure (POF). Intervention(s). Genetic counseling, karyotyping, FISH study. Result(s). Turner-like diagnosis. Conclusion(s). Most cases of POF remain idiopathic. Turner syndrome can occur in very different phenotypes; cytogenetic and molecular profiling can provide a definitive diagnosis in cases with nonclassical phenotype.

  17. Profound weight loss associated with reboxetine use in a 44-year-old woman

    PubMed Central

    Lu, T Y-T; Kupa, A; Easterbrook, G; Mangoni, A A

    2005-01-01

    We report a case of significant weight loss experienced by a 44-year-old Caucasian woman treated with reboxetine. She was treated with this drug at 12 mg daily for a total duration of 11 months. During the corresponding period her body mass index (BMI) decreased from a baseline of 21.4 kg m−2 to a low of 16.8 kg m−2. Withdrawal of the drug led to a full recovery of her BMI. The strongest evidence linking reboxetine to this woman's weight loss laid in the fact that the re-introduction of the drug subsequently caused a similar negative impact in her BMI. PMID:16042676

  18. Profound weight loss associated with reboxetine use in a 44-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Lu, T Y-T; Kupa, A; Easterbrook, G; Mangoni, A A

    2005-08-01

    We report a case of significant weight loss experienced by a 44-year-old Caucasian woman treated with reboxetine. She was treated with this drug at 12 mg daily for a total duration of 11 months. During the corresponding period her body mass index (BMI) decreased from a baseline of 21.4 kg m(-2) to a low of 16.8 kg m(-2). Withdrawal of the drug led to a full recovery of her BMI. The strongest evidence linking reboxetine to this woman's weight loss laid in the fact that the re-introduction of the drug subsequently caused a similar negative impact in her BMI.

  19. Leptospirosis presenting as honeymoon fever.

    PubMed

    de Sainte Marie, B; Delord, M; Dubourg, G; Gautret, P; Parola, P; Brouqui, P; Lagier, J C

    2015-05-01

    An increasing number of travelers from western countries visit tropical regions, questioning western physicians on the prophylaxis, the diagnosis and the therapeutic management of patients with travel-associated infection. In July 2014, a French couple stayed for an adventure-travel in Columbia without malaria prophylaxis. A week after their return the woman presented with fever, myalgia, and retro-orbital pain. Three days later, her husband presented similar symptoms. In both patients, testing for malaria, arboviruses and blood cultures remained negative. An empirical treatment with doxycycline and ceftriaxone was initiated for both patients. Serum collected from the female patient yielded positive IgM for leptospirosis but was negative for her husband. Positive Real-Time PCR were observed in blood and urine from both patients, confirming leptospirosis. Three lessons are noteworthy from this case report. First, after exclusion of malaria, as enteric fever, leptospirosis and rickettsial infection are the most prevalent travel-associated infections, empirical treatment with doxycycline and third generation cephalosporin should be considered. In addition, the diagnosis of leptospirosis requires both serology and PCR performed in both urine and blood samples. Finally, prophylaxis using doxycycline, also effective against leptospirosis, rickettsial infections or travellers' diarrhea should be recommended for adventure travelers in malaria endemic areas.

  20. Insulinoma presenting as idiopathic hypersomnia.

    PubMed

    Maestri, Michelangelo; Monzani, Fabio; Bonanni, Enrica; Di Coscio, Elisa; Cignoni, Fabio; Dardano, Angela; Iudice, Alfonso; Murri, Luigi

    2010-06-01

    We report the case of a 32-year-old woman with a history of increased sleep need and difficulty waking up; the diagnosis of idiopathic hypersomnia was hypothesized. During ambulatory polysomnography (PSG), the patient presented an episode characterized by loss of consciousness and jerking of the four limbs. A video-PSG monitoring was performed and the patient showed unresponsiveness and drowsiness at 7 a.m. During the episode, EEG showed theta-delta diffuse activity, and blood glucose level was 32 mg dl(-1). The diagnosis of insulinoma was then assumed; CT scan showed a hypodense mass into the pancreatic tail, and a partial pancreasectomy was performed. The described symptoms disappeared, and 5 years later the findings of a complete clinical and neurophysiological examination were negative. The clinical picture of insulinoma presenting with paroxysmal disorders has been previously described; however, whereas hypersomnia is uncommon, in the current case it represents the main symptom. Clinicians should keep in mind that neuroglycopenia should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with hypersomnia, particularly if the clinical scenario does not conform to standard criteria.

  1. Congenital giant right atrium in an elderly woman.

    PubMed

    Santra, Gouranga; Paul, Rudrajit; Das, Shubhabrata; Datta, Arnab; Pradhan, Sourav; Sarkar, R N

    2014-07-01

    Enlargement of right atrium is usually secondary to pulmonary hypertension due to valvular heart diseases or obstructive pulmonary disorders, atrial septal defect, tricuspid atresia or stenosis, pulmonary stenosis, primary pulmonary hypertension, Ebstein's anomaly. Congenital enlargement of right atrium is rare and it commonly presents in children. Our patient presented with congenital giant right atrium at 65 years of age, other cardiac diseases being excluded. Patient developed tricuspid regurgitation, but pulmonary hypertension was absent till the date. Congenital giant right atrium has rarely been reported from India.

  2. [A 63-year-old woman with muscle weakness, myotonia, and parkinsonism].

    PubMed

    Okuma, Y; Tanaka, S; Nomura, Y; Mori, H; Yan, H; Shirai, T; Kondo, T; Segawa, M; Mizuno, Y

    1996-03-01

    We report a 63-year-old woman who presented myotonia and parkinsonism. The patient was well until 15 years of the age when she noted that the ring finger of her left hand at times flexed when she did not intend to do so. She noted weakness in her left upper extremity at the age of 40, and difficulty in relaxing her hand grip at 45. She had an onset of tremor in her right foot at age 50, which was followed by difficulty in gait and hand writing. She was admitted to Juntendo University Urayasu Hospital when she was 63-year-old. Her mother, two sisters, and a son were affected with similar muscle weakness and myotonia. Although some of them developed stooped posture in the late stage of the disease, none of them had overt parkinsonism. General physical examination was unremarkable. Neurologic examination revealed an alert and oriented woman with some recent memory loss. She had bilateral ptosis, facial weakness, and a masked face. Myerson's sign was present. Her speech was small and monotonous. The sternocleidomastoid muscles were markedly atrophic and weak. The remaining of the cranial nerves were intact. She walked in small steps with freezing with support. She showed bradykinesia, retropulsion, and resting tremor in her right leg. Slight distal dominant weakness was noted in both upper and lower extremities more on the left. No cerebellar signs were noted. Muscle stretch reflexes were within normal limits in the upper extremities and diminished in the lower limbs. Sensation was intact. Routine laboratory findings were unremarkable. Cranial CT scan and MRI revealed slight cortical atrophy and leukoaraiosis. She responded to levodopa and she became able to walk by herself. She was transferred to another hospital one month after her admission. She had several bouts of airway obstruction with one episode of respiratory arrest. She expired six month after the transfer. The patient was discussed in a neurological CPC, and the chief discussant arrived at the conclusion

  3. Some African American Males' Perspectives on the Black Woman.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burrow, Rufus, Jr.

    1992-01-01

    Presents views of Frederick Douglass, W. E. B. Du Bois, Malcolm X, and James Hal Cone (African-American male leaders) toward African-American women in the United States. Discusses the role of African-American men in addressing and eradicating sexism in African-American churches and the African-American community. (SLD)

  4. Alice Freeman Palmer: The Evolution of a New Woman.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bordin, Ruth

    This book presents a biographical account of the life of Alice Freeman Palmer (1855-1902) who is credited with expanding academic horizons for women in the United States during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It tells of the obstacles she confronted as she chose both marriage and a professional career as well as illuminates this…

  5. A Life Planning Program for the Working Woman.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aanstad, Judy; Borders, DiAnne

    This presentation describes a course, "Lifework Planning," designed to help women evaluate their current job status and plan career changes commensurate with long-range life goals. The framework for the program is self-directed learning, through which women develop coping strategies for change. Participants and leaders make mutual decisions…

  6. 1869 Petition: The Appeal for Woman Suffrage. Teaching with Documents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haverkamp, Beth, Ed.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Maintains that between 1848 and 1920 when the 19th Amendment was ratified, women repeatedly petitioned both state and federal governments for the right to vote. Presents a lesson plan on a women's suffrage petition submitted to Congress in 1869. Includes the background of the petition, the petition's text, and suggested teaching activities. (CFR)

  7. The Woman in Mangement. Career and Family Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farley, Jennie, Ed.

    In chapter 1 of this volume of conference proceedings, economist Juanita M. Kreps traces the effects of demographic and social changes on the role of women in the economy. Chapter 2 presents management consultant Betty Lehan Harragan's "gamesmanship" thesis. In chapter 3, sociologist Rosabeth Moss Kanter analyzes the role of high technology in…

  8. Sociocultural Influences in Eating Disorders: Shape, Super Woman and Sport.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moriarty, Dick; Moriarty, Mary

    Through a review of the literature, this presentation provides information on eating disorders as they relate to sport and fitness and examines the role of all physical and health education teachers, coaches, administrators, and guidance counsellors in either precipitating or preventing anorexia nervosa or bulimia. These professionals are in a…

  9. Race and Rape: The Black Woman as Legitimate Victim.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Linda Meyer

    Scientific investigations of the relationship between race and rape have been flawed by the acceptance of official statistics and have been influenced by prevailing myths about rape and race. This paper proposes a theoretical framework for understanding rape and race. The thesis is presented that only the black victim of sexual assault is viewed…

  10. Oh rats! Fever, rash and arthritis in a young woman.

    PubMed

    Brown, Carina M; Tsai, Gary; Sanchez-Flores, Xavi

    2015-12-23

    A 17-year-old girl presented with worsening right-sided hip and low back pain for 2 days. She had also experienced intermittent fevers and a recurring maculopapular rash over the past 2 weeks. Social history revealed the presence of three domestic rats living in the girl's home. Blood cultures returned positive for Streptobacillus moniliformis, the causative agent of rat-bite fever. Rat-bite fever often goes undiagnosed, as the clinical presentation is non-specific. Untreated, the infection can result in death due to sepsis or endocarditis. The bacterium is generally susceptible to penicillin antibiotics with full clinical recovery when treated in a timely and appropriate manner. After 4 weeks of intravenous antibiotics, our patient fully recovered without long-term sequelae.

  11. Interrupted aorta diagnosed in a 51-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Stoyanov, Nik; Bullock, Andrew; Erickson, Matthew

    2014-10-01

    A 51-year-old lady presented with increasing heart failure symptoms and palpitations. She had recently been diagnosed with a congenital ventricular septal defect, bicuspid aortic valve, and Eisenmenger's syndrome. There was clinical evidence of right heart failure and differential clubbing and cyanosis affecting the feet but not hands. A cardiac magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated interruption of the aortic arch beyond the left subclavian artery, with the descending aorta perfused entirely through a large patent ductus arteriosus.

  12. Microangiopathy of the brain and retina with hearing loss in a 50 year old woman: extending the spectrum of Susac's syndrome.

    PubMed

    Barker, R A; Anderson, J R; Meyer, P; Dick, D J; Scolding, N J

    1999-05-01

    A 50 year old woman presented with a subacute onset of vertigo and diplopia followed by an encephalopathy with confusion, spasticity, ataxia, myoclonus, and multiple branch retinal arteriolar occlusions and unilateral sensorineural deafness. Brain biopsy confirmed multiple microinfarcts with no vasculitis. After the procedure she had a right iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis and was found to be heterozygous for the factor V Leiden mutation. She was treated with anticoagulants and made a marked recovery with no relapses 6 months after presentation. This case extends the age range at which Susac's syndrome can present, and raises the possibility that the condition may be associated with abnormalities of coagulation.

  13. ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction due to arterial thrombosis in a 29-year-old woman with normal coronary arteries

    PubMed Central

    Male, Eneida; Morton, Talitha; Farber, Adam

    2017-01-01

    Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is rare in young adults. We present a case of a 29-year-old black woman who presented with an acute onset of chest pain while sleeping. Anterior wall ST-elevation AMI was diagnosed based on clinical presentation, electrocardiographic findings, and elevated cardiac biomarkers. Coronary angiography revealed a totally occluded proximal left anterior descending artery. The obstructing lesion, thrombus, was removed. There was no evidence of atherosclerotic disease or dissection. An evaluation for a hypercoagulable state was unrevealing. Echocardiography 1 year later revealed normal left ventricular wall motion and systolic function. PMID:28127135

  14. Abdominal paraganglioma in a young woman with 1p36 deletion syndrome.

    PubMed

    Murakoshi, Miki; Takasawa, Kei; Nishioka, Masato; Asakawa, Masahiro; Kashimada, Kenichi; Yoshimoto, Takanobu; Yamamoto, Toshiyuki; Takekoshi, Kazuhiro; Ogawa, Yoshihiro; Shimohira, Masayuki

    2017-02-01

    1p36 deletion syndrome is the most common terminal deletion syndrome, and the genomic regions that contribute to specific 1p36 deletion syndrome-related phenotypes were recently identified. Deletions in the 1p36 region have been documented in various tumor tissues, which indicates correlation between loss of heterozygosity of 1p36 and tumor development, and the existence of tumor suppressors in this region. Therefore, it was suspected that patients with 1p36 deletion syndrome have a higher risk of tumor development; however, only a few child cases of neuroblastoma with 1p36 deletion syndrome have been reported. We report the first case of 1p36 deletion syndrome with paraganglioma (PGL) and include genetic investigation. The 24-year-old woman with 1p36 deletion syndrome had severe intellectual disability, dilated cardiomyopathy, and distinct dysmorphic features, and presented with persistent vomiting accompanied by hypertension (178/115 mmHg). Abdominal CT revealed a 40 × 50 mm retroperitoneal mass and substantial elevations of plasma and urine norepinephrine (15.4 nmol/L and 1022 µmol/mol creatinine, respectively); abnormal uptake of (123) I-MIBG in the tumor led to PGL diagnosis. The patient was not able to have surgery because of substantial surgical risks; however, a combination of α- and β-blockade was effective for blood pressure control. Array CGH revealed a deletion over 4.5 Mb, from the 1p telomere but excluding the SDHB region. Comprehensive mutational analysis of PGL-associated genes (RET, VHL, TMEM127, MAX, and SDHA/B/C/D) was negative. These results indicate that the germline 1p36 deletion might be "1st hit" of tumor development, and PGL might be a novel complication of 1p36 deletion syndrome. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  15. Labial swelling: a rare presentation of pubic bone tuberculosis.

    PubMed

    Shende, Prajakta; Gandhewar, Manisha; Gaikwad, Pradip; Nanaware, Sandip; Risbud Joshi, Prachi

    2016-09-14

    Tuberculosis (TB), being a global health problem, represents variedly. Its presentation as a labial swelling secondary to pubic bone TB has been reported rarely in literature. We report a case of pubic bone TB presenting as a labial swelling in a woman of reproductive age. Early diagnosis with fine needle aspiration cytology, acid-fast bacillus (AFB) staining, AFB culture and magnetic resonance imaging with early initiation of treatment resulted in a favourable outcome.

  16. [Esthetic otoplasty in subjects presenting with facial neurofibromatosis].

    PubMed

    Kriukov, A I; Kariakina, I A

    2012-01-01

    The results of surgical treatment of a woman presenting with facial and cervical soft-tissue neurofibromatosis and a concomitant auricular defect are presented. The otoplasty was performed by means of sectoral dissection of the auricular skeleton as described by Trendelenburg with the subsequent correction of the surrounding facial and cervical tissues. Much attention is given to the step by step procedure of correction of the auricular deformity and the surrounding facial and cervical tissues in the patients with this pathology.

  17. Localized Castleman's Disease in the Breast in a Young Woman

    PubMed Central

    Guio, José Ismael; López-Correa, Patricia

    2016-01-01

    Castleman's disease (CD) is a rare lymphoproliferative disorder of unknown etiology. It typically occurs in adulthood but it may also develop in childhood. Clinically, this disease may be classified as localized (unicentric) or systemic (multicentric). Six cases of breast CD have been described in the literature, and all have been reported in adults. Herein we describe the case of a 15-year-old female who presented with a slow-growing tumor in the right breast. The tumor was excised and histopathological examination demonstrated hyaline vascular variant CD. After two years of follow-up, the patient was asymptomatic without evidence of cervical or axillary lymphadenopathy. PMID:27073709

  18. [Anaesthetic management of excision of a cervical intraspinal tumor with intraoperative neurophysiologic monitoring in a pregnant woman at 29 weeks].

    PubMed

    Guerrero-Domínguez, R; González-González, G; Rubio-Romero, R; Federero-Martínez, F; Jiménez, I

    2016-05-01

    The intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring is a technique used to test and monitor nervous function. This technique has become essential in some neurosurgery interventions, since it avoids neurological injuries during surgery and reduces morbidity. The experience of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring is limited in some clinical cases due to the low incidence of pregnant women undergoing a surgical procedure. A case is presented of a 29-weeks pregnant woman suffering from a cervical intraspinal tumour with intense pain, which required surgery. The collaboration of a multidisciplinary team composed of anaesthesiologists, neurosurgeons, neurophysiologists and obstetricians, the continuous monitoring of the foetus, the intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring, and maintaining the neurophysiological and utero-placental variables were crucial for the proper development of the surgery. According to our experience and the limited publications in the literature, no damaging effects of this technique were detected at maternal-foetal level. On the contrary, it brings important benefits during the surgery and for the final result.

  19. Lymphocytic hypophysitis causing hypopituitarism and diabetes insipidus, and associated with autoimmune thyroiditis, in a non-pregnant woman.

    PubMed Central

    Paja, M.; Estrada, J.; Ojeda, A.; Ramón y Cajal, S.; García-Uría, J.; Lucas, T.

    1994-01-01

    A 25 year old non-pregnant woman presented with a one-year history of amenorrhoea and polyuria. Three months before her admission, she had suffered lymphocytic meningitis. Hormonal studies revealed hypopituitarism and central diabetes insipidus, with associated primary autoimmune hypothyroidism. Computed tomographic scan and magnetic resonance imaging showed a pituitary mass with suprasellar extension and thickened stalk. Transsphenoidal surgery was performed and the histological study revealed fibrosis and diffuse lymphocytic infiltration with predominance of CD4 lymphocytes. This further case of lymphocytic hypophysitis was not related to pregnancy and produced diabetes insipidus, two uncommon associations. We discuss the features that can lead to a preoperative suspicion of this rare disorder. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 PMID:7910396

  20. A simple collapse, agitation and pathological crying in a young woman? - Atypical onset of a basilar thrombosis

    PubMed Central

    Etgen, Thorleif; Milankovic-Eberl, Dragana; Rieder, Georg

    2014-01-01

    Background A collapse and agitation in a young person comprises many differential diagnoses, but usually does not include a life-threatening basilar thrombosis. Methods and Results We report the case of a 19-year old woman who presented mainly with a collapse and agitation. CT and CT-angiography yielded distal basilar thrombosis which was successfully treated by intraarterial thrombolysis. MRI confirmed multiple small ischemic lesions in the vertebrobasilar territory. The patient improved quickly and returned to her normal daily activities of life after a few months. Conclusions Posterior circulation ischemia should be included among the possible differential diagnoses of any acute onset of an agitated or confusional state. Conflicts of interest/Disclosures None to declare. Ethics Written informed consent of the patient has been obtained. PMID:25422712