ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rabab'h, Belal; Veloo, Arsaythamby
2015-01-01
Jordanian 8th grade students revealed low achievement in mathematics through four periods (1999, 2003, 2007 & 2011) of Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). This study aimed to determine whether spatial visualization mediates the affect of Mathematics Learning Strategies (MLS) factors namely mathematics attitude,…
A Structural Equation Model Explaining 8th Grade Students' Mathematics Achievements
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Yurt, Eyüp; Sünbül, Ali Murat
2014-01-01
The purpose of this study is to investigate, via a model, the explanatory and predictive relationships among the following variables: Mathematical Problem Solving and Reasoning Skills, Sources of Mathematics Self-Efficacy, Spatial Ability, and Mathematics Achievements of Secondary School 8th Grade Students. The sample group of the study, itself…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Yilmaz, Gül Kaleli; Koparan, Timur; Hanci, Alper
2016-01-01
In this study, it is aimed to determination of the relationship between learning styles and TIMSS mathematics achievements of eighth grade students. Correlational research design that is one of the quantitative research methods, was used in this study. The sample of the research consists of 652 8th grade students 347 are male and 305 are female…
An Application of Cognitive Diagnostic Assessment on TIMMS-2007 8th Grade Mathematics Items
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Toker, Turker; Green, Kathy
2012-01-01
The least squares distance method (LSDM) was used in a cognitive diagnostic analysis of TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study) items administered to 4,498 8th-grade students from seven geographical regions of Turkey, extending analysis of attributes from content to process and skill attributes. Logit item positions were…
Examination of the 8th grade students' TIMSS mathematics success in terms of different variables
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kaleli-Yılmaz, Gül; Hanci, Alper
2016-07-01
The aim of this study is to determine how the TIMSS mathematics success of the 8th grade students differentiates according to the school type, gender, mathematics report mark, parents' education level, cognitive domains and cognitive domains by gender. Relational survey method was used in the study. Six-hundred fifty two 8th grade students studying in the same city in Turkey participated in this study. In this study, a 45 question test that was made up by choosing TIMSS 2011 mathematics questionnaire was used as a data collection tool. Quantitative data analysis methods were used in the data analysis, frequency, percentage, average, standard deviation, independent sample test, one-way analysis of variance and post-hoc tests were applied to data by using SPSS packaged software. At the end of the study, it was determined that the school type, mathematics school mark, parents' education level and cognitive domains influenced the students' TIMSS mathematics success but their gender was a neutral element. Moreover, it was seen that schools which are really successful in national exams are more successful in TIMSS exam; students whose mathematics school marks are 5 and whose parents graduated from university are more successful in TIMSS exams than others. This study was produced from Alper HANCİ's master thesis that is made consulting Asst. Prof. Gül KALELİ YILMAZ.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
North Dakota State Board for Vocational Education, Bismarck. Research Coordinating Unit.
The guideline presents two 12-week courses involving an interdisciplinary, partly coeducational, prevocational career exploration program in consumer and homemaking and industrial arts at the eighth grade level, and also a supplementary mathematics program. It is designed to give students an opportunity to explore occupations for themselves and to…
Why Singaporean 8th Grade Students Gain Highest Mathematics Ranking in TIMSS (1999-2011)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lessani, Abdolreza; Yunus, Aida Suraya Md; Tarmiz, Rohani Ahmad; Mahmud, Rosnaini
2014-01-01
The international comparison of students' mathematics knowledge and competencies is an effective method of evaluating students' mathematics performance and developing policies to improve their achievements in mathematics. Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) are among the most well-recognized international comparisons that…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kim-O, Mee-Ae Mia
2011-01-01
Mathematics is an increasingly important aspect of education because of its central role in technology (Kuenzi, 2008). Mathematical achievement tests are universally applied throughout schooling in the US to assess yearly progress. The middle school years (e.g., Grade 6-Grade 8) are especially crucial to success in mathematics because students…
Brief Science Performance Evaluation on 8th Grade Students
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mocanu, Gabriela
2010-01-01
This paper aims to provide some statistics concerning the science performance of a group of 59 8th graders, studying in three different classes (may be regarded as different study groups). Eight science items were used, two from each content domain: chemistry, biology, mathematics and physics. These items were taken from the 2007 edition of the…
Investigation into How 8th Grade Students Define Fractals
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Karakus, Fatih
2015-01-01
The analysis of 8th grade students' concept definitions and concept images can provide information about their mental schema of fractals. There is limited research on students' understanding and definitions of fractals. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the elementary students' definitions of fractals based on concept image and concept…
Changes in Math Proficiency between 8th and 10th Grades. Statistics in Brief.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rock, Don; And Others
Between 8th and 10th grades, many students are asked to make curriculum-related decisions that may ultimately influence their achievement in core academic subjects such as mathematics. While past achievement often limits the level of courses available to a student, aspirations for postsecondary education ultimately determine the level of…
The Influence of Documentary Films on 8th Grade Students' Views about Nature of Science
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Seckin Kapucu, Munise; Cakmakci, Gultekin; Aydogdu, Cemil
2015-01-01
This quasi-experimental study aims to investigate the documentary films' influence on 8th grade students' nature of science views. The study's participants were 113 8th grade students from two different schools taught by two different teachers. The study was completed over a 6-week period, during which topics related to "Cell Division and…
"Palisades": An 8th Grade Language Arts Project.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Shelley, Jandira
1987-01-01
Describes a magazine project developed by students in seventh and eighth grade language arts classes. Discusses the formation of small work groups, group dynamics problems, peer tutoring, learning interview skills, and selling the magazine. (SV)
Occupational Exploration at Ontario Junior High School: 8th Grade.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bates, Gene; And Others
The document contains 47 activities for Grade 8. The contents include the following areas: questionnaires; work vocabularies; employment seeking procedures--employment ads, application forms, resumes, job interviews, and resume preparation advice; a 24-page unit presenting occupational information in relation to career choice and job application…
Implementing Mapping the Beat in the 8th Grade
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Richardson, Ronald Craig
2010-01-01
This article is based on a doctoral dissertation study, "Expanding Geographic Understanding in Grade 8 Social Studies Classes through Integration of Geography, Music, and History: A QuasiExperimental Study" that took place in a high-achieving, suburban middle school in Southern California. The study compared learning as a result of nine…
Curriculum Manual: 6th, 7th, 8th Grades.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Snell, Ednell M.; Snapp, Betty Lou
This home economics curriculum for the middle school (grades 6-8) is designed to assist students in developing self-concept, making decisions, and developing basic skills. Written by a group of home economics teachers, this curriculum contains nine learning packages on the following topics: (1) consumer management; (2) decision management; (3)…
Charge It! Translating Electric Vehicle Research Results to Engage 7th and 8th Grade Girls
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Egbue, Ona; Long, Suzanna; Ng, Ean-Harn
2015-10-01
Despite attempts to generate interest in science and technology careers, US students continue to show reduced interest in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) majors at the collegiate level. If girls are not engaged in STEM learning by the middle school level, studies show that they are even less likely to choose a science- or engineering-related major. This article presents results from a workshop for 7th and 8th grade girls designed to promote knowledge building in the area of sustainability and alternative energy use in transportation and to stimulate greater interest in STEM subjects. The workshop based on research conducted at University X focused on basic concepts of electric vehicles and electric vehicles' batteries. Tests were conducted to evaluate the students' knowledge and perceptions of electric vehicles and to determine the impact of the workshop. Early exposure to meaningful engineering experiences for these young girls may boost interest and the eventual pursuit of engineering and technology education paths.
Family structure and childhood obesity: an analysis through 8th grade.
Chen, Alex Y; Escarce, José J
2014-09-01
Research on the effect of family structure on childhood obesity is scarce. This study examines the effect of number of parents and number of siblings on US children's body mass index (BMI) and risk of obesity. We conducted a secondary data analysis of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS-K), which consists of a nationally representative cohort of children who entered kindergarten in 1998-1999, to examine the effect of family structure on children's body mass index and risk of obesity from kindergarten through 8th grade. Study outcomes were BMI in kindergarten and 8th grade, obesity status in kindergarten and 8th grade, and change in BMI from kindergarten through 8th grade. Multivariate regressions were used to assess the association between family structure and study outcomes while adjusting for other covariates. In 8th grade, children with no siblings had higher BMI (23.7 vs. 22.6; P ≤ 0.01) and higher probability of being obese (25.8 vs. 19.7 %; P ≤ 0.05) than their counterparts with two or more siblings. They also had a larger increase in BMI from kindergarten through 8th grade than children living with two or more siblings (7.3 vs. 6.3; P = 0.02). Our analysis suggests that the association between family structure and obesity persists and even intensifies through 8th grade. These findings have important implications for targeting obesity support and counseling for families.
Ready to Go: Using the EXPLORE Test to Increase 8th Grade Readiness for Success
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rochford, Joseph A.; O'Neill, Adrienne; Gelb, Adele
2010-01-01
During the 2009-10 academic year, 1,444 8th grade students in the Canton City, Plain and Marlington Local School Districts (hereafter called Stark students) took the EXPLORE Test as part of a pilot project, "Ready to Go: Increasing Eighth Grade Readiness," sponsored by the Stark Education Partnership with funding from the Ohio College Access…
Bibliography of Research Support for K-8th Grade Inclusive Education
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center on Schoolwide Inclusive School Reform: The SWIFT Center, 2014
2014-01-01
Presented here are references to books, chapters, and peer-reviewed journal articles that provide evidence for improved student outcomes through inclusive education in elementary and middle schools (K-8th grades). Not included here are the broad evidence bases for each feature in the SWIFT framework.
Measuring the Confidence of 8th Grade Taiwanese Students' Knowledge of Acids and Bases
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Jack, Brady Michael; Liu, Chia-Ju; Chiu, Houn-Lin; Tsai, Chun-Yen
2012-01-01
The present study investigated whether gender differences were present on the confidence judgments made by 8th grade Taiwanese students on the accuracy of their responses to acid-base test items. A total of 147 (76 male, 71 female) students provided item-specific confidence judgments during a test of their knowledge of acids and bases. Using the…
The Effect of Project Based Learning on the Statistical Literacy Levels of Student 8th Grade
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Koparan, Timur; Güven, Bülent
2014-01-01
This study examines the effect of project based learning on 8th grade students' statistical literacy levels. A performance test was developed for this aim. Quasi-experimental research model was used in this article. In this context, the statistics were taught with traditional method in the control group and it was taught using project based…
The Effect on the 8th Grade Students' Attitude towards Statistics of Project Based Learning
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Koparan, Timur; Güven, Bülent
2014-01-01
This study investigates the effect of the project based learning approach on 8th grade students' attitude towards statistics. With this aim, an attitude scale towards statistics was developed. Quasi-experimental research model was used in this study. Following this model in the control group the traditional method was applied to teach statistics…
Factors that Influence Mental Health Stigma among 8th Grade Adolescents
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Chandra, Anita; Minkovitz, Cynthia S.
2007-01-01
Unmet mental health need is a significant problem for adolescents. Although stigma is identified as a major barrier to the use of mental health services among youth, there is limited research on this topic. In-depth interviews (n = 57) among a sample of 8th grade students in a suburban, mid-Atlantic community portray adolescent mental health…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Clifford, Betsey A.
The Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education (DESE) released proposed Science and Technology/Engineering standards in 2013 outlining the concepts that should be taught at each grade level. Previously, standards were in grade spans and each district determined the method of implementation. There are two different methods used teaching middle school science: integrated and discipline-based. In the proposed standards, the Massachusetts DESE uses grade-by-grade standards using an integrated approach. It was not known if there is a statistically significant difference in student achievement on the 8th grade science MCAS assessment for students taught with an integrated or discipline-based approach. The results on the 8th grade science MCAS test from six public school districts from 2010 -- 2013 were collected and analyzed. The methodology used was quantitative. Results of an ANOVA showed that there was no statistically significant difference in overall student achievement between the two curriculum models. Furthermore, there was no statistically significant difference for the various domains: Earth and Space Science, Life Science, Physical Science, and Technology/Engineering. This information is useful for districts hesitant to make the change from a discipline-based approach to an integrated approach. More research should be conducted on this topic with a larger sample size to better support the results.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Paik, Seoung-Hey; Kim, Hyo-Nam; Cho, Boo-Kyoung; Park, Jae-Won
2004-01-01
This study investigates the various conceptions held by K-8th Korean grade students regarding the 'changes of state' and the 'conditions for changes of state'. The study used a sample of five kindergarteners, five secondgrade students, five fourth-grade students, five sixth-grade students, and five eighth-grade students. The 25 students attend…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Schwartz, Kate; Cappella, Elise; Scott, Marc; Seidman, Edward; Kim, Ha Yeon
2015-01-01
The current study extends research on the transition to early adolescence and middle grade schools by examining students' achievement trajectories from school entry through 8th grade in a national sample, and beginning to disassociate the role of school context and school grade configuration in achievement trajectories. Data were drawn from the…
BMI change, fitness change and cardiometabolic risk factors among 8th grade youth.
Jago, Russell; Drews, Kimberly L; McMurray, Robert G; Baranowski, Tom; Galassetti, Pietro; Foster, Gary D; Moe, Ester; Buse, John B
2013-02-01
This paper examined whether a two-year change in fitness, body mass index (BMI) or the additive effect of change in fitness and BMI were associated with change in cardiometabolic risk factors among youth. Cardiometabolic risk factors, BMI group (normal weight, overweight or obese) were obtained from participants at the start of 6th grade and end of 8th grade. Shuttle run laps were assessed and categorized in quintiles at both time points. Regression models were used to examine whether changes in obesity, fitness or the additive effect of change in BMI and fitness were associated with change in risk factors. There was strong evidence (p < .001) that change in BMI was associated with change in cardiometabolic risk factors. There was weaker evidence of a fitness effect, with some evidence that change in fitness was associated with change in total cholesterol, HDL-C, LDL-C and clustered risk score among boys, as well as HDL-C among girls. Male HDL-C was the only model for which there was some evidence of a BMI, fitness and additive BMI*fitness effect. Changing body mass is central to the reduction of youth cardiometabolic risk. Fitness effects were negligible once change in body mass had been taken into account.
Science teaching efficacy beliefs of 5th and 8th grade science teachers
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hanson, Susan Melony
The purpose of this study was to determine which, if any, variables had a significant relationship to personal science teaching efficacy beliefs and outcome expectancies. The independent variables tested were number of undergraduate science methods courses taken, level of teacher education, number of years as a classroom teacher, number of years as a science teacher, teacher beliefs regarding instructional strategies in science, and teacher beliefs regarding student engagement in the science classroom. Through surveys completed by 5th and 8th grade science teachers, the researcher analyzed data via multiple regressions to determine significance. Results of the data analysis showed the greatest significance was between personal science teaching efficacy beliefs and number of years as a classroom teacher, and teacher beliefs regarding instructional strategies in science and outcome expectancy and student engagement in the science classroom. Implications for current practice include a need for improved teacher education programs for pre-service science teachers, collaboration between universities and public school districts, improved methods for teacher retention in the science classroom, and the use of hands-on and minds-on instruction in the science classroom.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Korakakis, G.; Pavlatou, E. A.; Palyvos, J. A.; Spyrellis, N.
2009-01-01
This research aims to determine whether the use of specific types of visualization (3D illustration, 3D animation, and interactive 3D animation) combined with narration and text, contributes to the learning process of 13- and 14- years-old students in science courses. The study was carried out with 212 8th grade students in Greece. This…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ersen Yanik, Asli
2008-01-01
This study aims to investigate how the teachers who have different background characteristics perceive the goals and content of the English language curriculum implemented at the 6th, 7th and 8th grades of public primary schools. The study was conducted during the 2004-2005 school year with 368 English teachers selected from the seven regions of…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Nam, Younkyeong; Karahan, Engin; Roehrig, Gillian
2016-01-01
Geologic time scale is a very important concept for understanding long-term earth system events such as climate change. This study examines forty-three 4th-8th grade Native American--particularly Ojibwe tribe--students' understanding of relative ordering and absolute time of Earth's significant geological and biological events. This study also…
The Effect of Internet-Based Education on Student Success in Teaching of 8th Grade Triangles Subject
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kaya, Deniz; Kesan, Cenk; Izgiol, Dilek
2013-01-01
In the study, it was researched the effect of internet-based application on student success. Internet-based application was used at the teaching of triangles subject which is included in 8th grade units of triangles and algebra. The study was carried out over the internet with a computer software program: Vitamin Program. The study was carried out…
Physical activity behavior and related characteristics of highly-active 8th grade girls
Taverno Ross, Sharon E.; Dowda, Marsha; Beets, Michael W.; Pate, Russell R.
2013-01-01
Purpose While girls are generally less physically active than boys, some girls regularly engage in high levels of physical activity (PA); however, very little is known about these girls and how they differ from those who are less physically active. This study examined the PA behavior and related characteristics of highly-active adolescent girls and compared them with those who are less active. Methods Data from 1,866 8th grade girls from 6 field centers across the U.S. participating in the Trial of Activity for Adolescent Girls (TAAG) were included in the present analysis. Mixed model ANOVAs examined differences in sociodemographic, anthropometric, psychosocial, and physical activity (accelerometry and self-report) variables between high- and low-active girls; effect sizes were calculated for the differences. Results High-active girls were taller, had lower BMIs and body fat, and were less sedentary. High-active girls scored higher on self-efficacy, enjoyment of PA, self-management strategies, outcome-expectancy value, and support from family and friends than low-active girls. Low-active girls participated in more leisure-time and educational sedentary activities than high-active girls. High-active girls participated in more PA classes/lessons outside of school, team sports, and individual sports. They were also more likely to participate in sports in an organized setting in the community or at school than low-active girls. Conclusions Health promotion efforts should focus on decreasing the amount of time girls spend in sedentary activities and replacing that time with organized PA opportunities; such efforts should seek to minimize perceived barriers and increase self-efficacy and support for PA. PMID:23384978
Springer, Andrew E; Lewis, Kayan; Kelder, Steven H; Fernandez, Maria E; Barroso, Cristina S; Hoelscher, Deanna M
2010-10-01
Research on physical activity (PA) by level of acculturation in Hispanic children is limited and findings have been mixed. We examined PA participation by primary language used with parents in a representative sample of 4th, 8th, and 11th grade Texas public school students. Mixed-effects regression models were conducted using cross-sectional data from the 2004-2005 School Physical Activity and Nutrition Study (n = 22,049). Self-reported PA was compared among three language-ethnic groups: Spanish-Hispanic (SH) (referent); English-Hispanic (EH); and English-Other (EO). EH and/or EO girls were generally between 1.25 and 2.58 [OR] times more likely to participate in PA across grade levels, with the largest differences found for school sports in 8th grade girls. EH and EO 8th grade boys were 1.71 (CI: 1.40, 2.10) and 2.06 (CI: 1.68, 2.51) times, respectively, more likely to participate in school sports. Findings indicate important disparities in Spanish-speaking Hispanic children's PA participation. PMID:19365728
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wong, Ray E.
This study was conducted to ascertain whether future teachers, particularly students of color. can be identified at the 7th and 8th grade levels, and to determine whether their interest or noninterest in teaching is related to how they feel and think about school. Participants were 7th and 8th grade students (N=646) from eight California schools.…
Otto, D A; Skalik, I; House, D E; Hudnell, H K
1996-01-01
The Neurobehavioral Evaluation System was designed for field studies of workers, but many NES tests can be performed satisfactorily by children as young as 7 or 8 years old and a few tests, such as simple reaction time, can be performed by preschool children. However, little comparative data from children of different ages or grade levels are available. Studies of school children in the Czech Republic indicate that 2nd-grade children could perform the following NES tests satisfactorily: Finger Tapping, Visual Digit Span. Continuous Performance, Symbol-Digit Substitution, Pattern Comparison, and simpler conditions of Switching Attention. Comparative scores of boys and girls from the 2nd, 4th, and 8th grades and power analyses to estimate appropriate sample size were presented. Performance varied systematically with grade level and gender. Larger samples were needed with younger children to achieve comparable levels of statistical power. Gender comparisons indicated that boys responded faster, but made more errors than girls. PMID:8866533
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Clifford, Betsey A.
2016-01-01
The Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education (DESE) released proposed Science and Technology/Engineering standards in 2013 outlining the concepts that should be taught at each grade level. Previously, standards were in grade spans and each district determined the method of implementation. There are two different methods used…
Heat Energy. 7th and 8th Grade Agriculture Science Curriculum. Teacher Materials.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale. Dept. of Agricultural Education and Mechanization.
This curriculum guide the first of a series of six, contains teacher and student materials for a unit on heat energy prepared as part of a seventh- and eighth-grade agricultural science curriculum that is integrated with science instruction. The guide contains the state goals and sample learning objectives for each goal for students in grades 8-10…
Solar Energy. 7th and 8th Grade Agriculture Science Curriculum. Teacher Materials.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale. Dept. of Agricultural Education and Mechanization.
This curriculum guide, the third in a set of six, contains teacher and student materials for a unit on solar energy prepared as part of a seventh- and eighth-grade agricultural science curriculum that is integrated with science instruction. The guide contains the state goals and sample learning objectives for each goal for students in grades 8-10…
Charge It! Translating Electric Vehicle Research Results to Engage 7th and 8th Grade Girls
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Egbue, Ona; Long, Suzanna; Ng, Ean-Harn
2015-01-01
Despite attempts to generate interest in science and technology careers, US students continue to show reduced interest in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) majors at the collegiate level. If girls are not engaged in STEM learning by the middle school level, studies show that they are even less likely to choose a science- or…
State Test Score Trends through 2008-09, Part 3: Student Achievement at 8th Grade
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Chudowsky, Naomi; Chudowsky, Victor
2011-01-01
Over the past few decades, concerns have escalated about the quality of education in the U.S. for students in the middle grades. Children entering adolescence have unique educational, social, and emotional needs. How effectively the nation is educating these students has long been a topic of research and debate. This study by the Center on…
Electromagnetic Spectrum. 7th and 8th Grade Agriculture Science Curriculum. Teacher Materials.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale. Dept. of Agricultural Education and Mechanization.
This curriculum guide, the second in a set of six, contains teacher and student materials for a unit on the electromagnetic spectrum prepared as part of a seventh- and eighth-grade agricultural science curriculum that is integrated with science instruction. The guide contains the state goals and sample learning objectives for each goal for…
Electrical Energy. 7th and 8th Grade Agriculture Science Curriculum. Teacher Materials.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale. Dept. of Agricultural Education and Mechanization.
This curriculum guide, the fifth in a set of six, contains teacher and student materials for a unit on electrical energy prepared as part of a seventh- and eighth-grade agricultural science curriculum that is integrated with science instruction. The guide contains the state goals and sample learning objectives for each goal for students in grades…
8th Grade Physical Science Units Modified for ESOL Students, Middle School.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Waynant, Louise F.
A packet of supplementary materials for eighth grade science instruction for limited-English-proficient students is intended for beginning and intermediate students of English as a second language (ESOL). It contains worksheets and activities designed to increase student participation, challenge them within their language ability, create positive…
Learning Packet in Social Studies (8th Grade) for ESOL Students.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Clemons, Jacquelyn; And Others
The learning packet is intended to provide the eighth grade social studies teacher with supplemental material for teaching beginning and intermediate students of English as a second language. It contains a variety of activities to assist in developing the student's vocabulary skills, reading comprehension, writing skills, and a working knowledge…
Mechanical Advantage. 7th and 8th Grade Agriculture Science Curriculum. Teacher Materials.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale. Dept. of Agricultural Education and Mechanization.
This curriculum guide, the fourth in a set of six, contains teacher and student materials for a unit on mechanical engineering prepared as part of a seventh- and eighth-grade agricultural science curriculum that is integrated with science instruction. The guide contains the state goals and sample learning objectives for each goal for students in…
Large - Small or Mini Group Instruction in English, 8th and 9th Grades.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Barber, Herman W.
This curriculum guide describes courses and provides some sample lesson plans for an English program for eighth and ninth grade students. All of the students are required to take a basic writing course for the first nine weeks of the semester. For the next nine weeks some students receive large group instruction in linguistics and the other…
Water Quality-8th Grade Earth Science, or "Lets Get Relevant."
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rezabek, Edward
This document describes some experiences in a science/technology/society (STS) program for an eighth grade science course at a small rural school in Iowa. The background information about the school and the general goal of the STS program are outlined. The curriculum structure of the program related to water as a reusable resource is presented.…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wagner, Judson
Today's technology driven global economy has put pressure on the American education system to produce more students who are prepared for careers in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM). Adding to this pressure is the demand for a more diverse workforce that can stimulate the development of new ideas and innovation. This in turn requires more female and under represented minority groups to pursue future careers in STEM. Though STEM careers include many of the highest paid professionals, school systems are dealing with exceptionally high numbers of students, especially female and under represented minorities, who begin but do not persist to STEM degree completion. Using the Expectancy-Value Theory (EVT) framework that attributes student motivation to a combination of intrinsic, utility, and attainment values, this study analyzed readily available survey data to gauge students' career related values. These values were indirectly investigated through a longitudinal approach, spanning five years, on the predictive nature of 8 th grade survey-derived recommendations for students to pursue a future in a particular career cluster. Using logistic regression analysis, it was determined that this 8 th grade data, particularly in STEM, provides significantly high probabilities of a 12th grader's average grade, SAT-Math score, the math and science elective courses they take, and most importantly, interest in the same career cluster.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bozdogan, Aykut Emre; Uzoglu, Mustafa
2015-01-01
The aim of this study is to explore the problems encountered while teaching force and motion unit in 8th grade science and technology course from teachers' perspectives and offer solutions to eliminate these problems. The study was conducted with 248 science and technology teachers working in 7 regions in Turkey in 2012-2013 academic year.…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Qarareh, Ahmed O.
2016-01-01
The study aims to investigate the effect of using constructivist learning model in teaching science, especially in the subject of light: its nature, mirrors, lens, and properties, on the achievement of eighth-grade students and their scientific thinking. The study sample consisted of (136) male and female 8th graders were chosen from two basic…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wallace, John M., Jr.; Bachman, Jerald G.; O'Malley, Patrick M.; Schulenberg, John E.; Cooper, Shauna M.; Johnston, Lloyd D.
2003-01-01
Paper examines ethnic differences in licit and illicit drug use among American 8th, 10th, and 12th grade students, with a particular focus on girls. Across ethnic groups, drug use is highest among Native American girls and lowest among black and Asian American girls. Trend data suggest that girls' and boys' drug use patterns are converging.…
Highlights from the TIMSS 1999 Video Study of Eighth-Grade Mathematics Teaching.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.
This document summarizes the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 1999 Video Study that is the follow-up and expansion of the TIMSS 1995 Video Study of mathematics teaching. The 1999 study investigated 8th grade mathematics as well as science. This report focuses on the mathematics lessons major findings and comparison of…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
McCammon, William Gavin Lodge, Jr.
Teachers should have access to new and innovative tools in order to engage and motivate their students in the classroom. This is especially important as many students view school as an antiquated and dull environment - which they must seemingly suffer through to advance. School need not be a dreaded environment. The use of music as a tool for learning can be employed by any teacher to create an engaging and exciting atmosphere where students actively participate and learn to value their classroom experience. Through this study, a product and process was developed that is now available for any 8th grade science teacher interested in using music to enhance their content. In this study 8th grade students (n=41) in a public school classroom actively interacted with modern songs created to enhance the teaching of chemistry. Data were collected and analyzed in order to determine the effects that the music treatment had on student achievement and motivation, compared to a control group (n=35). Current literature provides a foundation for the benefits for music listening and training, but academic research in the area of using music as a tool for teaching content was noticeably absent. This study identifies a new area of research called "Music-based Teaching" which results in increases in motivation for 8th grade students learning chemistry. The unintended results of the study are additionally significant as the teacher conducting the treatment experienced newfound enthusiasm, passion, and excitement for her profession.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Witty, Emily Amie
2012-01-01
Gender differences in mathematics have been of particular interest over the past decades. Research has shown a disparity in mathematical proficiency between boys and girls depending on the area of mathematics tested, the age and grade of the student, and the structure of the test question (i.e., how the question is posed). Although, much of the…
Fast Food Consumption and Food Prices: Evidence from Panel Data on 5th and 8th Grade Children
Khan, Tamkeen; Powell, Lisa M.; Wada, Roy
2012-01-01
Fast food consumption is a dietary factor associated with higher prevalence of childhood obesity in the United States. The association between food prices and consumption of fast food among 5th and 8th graders was examined using individual-level random effects models utilizing consumption data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-99 (ECLS-K), price data from American Chamber of Commerce Researchers Association (ACCRA), and contextual outlet density data from Dun and Bradstreet (D&B). The results found that contextual factors including the price of fast food, median household income, and fast food restaurant outlet densities were significantly associated with fast food consumption patterns among this age group. Overall, a 10% increase in the price of fast food was associated with 5.7% lower frequency of weekly fast food consumption. These results suggest that public health policy pricing instruments such as taxes may be effective in reducing consumption of energy-dense foods and possibly reducing the prevalence of overweight and obesity among US children and young adolescents. PMID:22292115
Fast food consumption and food prices: evidence from panel data on 5th and 8th grade children.
Khan, Tamkeen; Powell, Lisa M; Wada, Roy
2012-01-01
Fast food consumption is a dietary factor associated with higher prevalence of childhood obesity in the United States. The association between food prices and consumption of fast food among 5th and 8th graders was examined using individual-level random effects models utilizing consumption data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-99 (ECLS-K), price data from American Chamber of Commerce Researchers Association (ACCRA), and contextual outlet density data from Dun and Bradstreet (D&B). The results found that contextual factors including the price of fast food, median household income, and fast food restaurant outlet densities were significantly associated with fast food consumption patterns among this age group. Overall, a 10% increase in the price of fast food was associated with 5.7% lower frequency of weekly fast food consumption. These results suggest that public health policy pricing instruments such as taxes may be effective in reducing consumption of energy-dense foods and possibly reducing the prevalence of overweight and obesity among US children and young adolescents. PMID:22292115
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission.
The student textbook is designed for grades 5-8 and explores various earth science topics. A cartoon character named Tommy Tsumi explores earth facts and concepts throughout the text. Activities, materials, and learning objectives for each unit in the textbook are presented in the teacher's guide. Units in both books include: (1) "The Outside of…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Garza, Anthony
2012-01-01
The purpose of this study was to examine selected factors related to the 8th grade mathematics achievement levels of English Language Learner (ELL) students in selected South Texas middle schools. The dependent variable, ELL mathematics achievement, was measured by the ELL student's raw score on the State of Texas Assessment of Academic…
The Coalition of Essential Schools Announces "It's Elementary" a PreK-8th Grade National Initiative
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bonchek, Steve
2007-01-01
In March 2006, Deborah Meier asked Harmony Education Center (HEC) in Bloomington, Indiana to lead a national effort to engage more pre-kindergarten through eighth grade schools across the country in the work of the Coalition of Essential Schools (CES). Meier believed that although CES had always welcomed these schools, elementary educators felt…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kemp, Louie E., Comp.
The four learning packages for exploratory career education are designed for use at the seventh and eighth grade levels. Each unit includes coordinated teacher and student editions. The units are: Culinary Cubs, focusing on occupations in the areas of food management, production, and services, with special reference to dietitians; Mini Nursery,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Coleman, Gary; And Others
This booklet contains 15 lessons to infuse the study of law and citizenship education into an eighth grade social studies curriculum. The lessons are designed to encourage inquiry among the students and to use community resource people, particularly attorneys. Through these lessons, teachers can build support for democratic values, while students…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Çakirer, H. Serdar
2014-01-01
The aim of the present study is to compare the values in the songs of 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th grade primary education music classes students? workbooks according to the value categorizations proposed by Rockeach and Akbas and which values among the categories mentioned are taught to the students in the 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th grade primary education…
Statistical Content in Middle Grades Mathematics Textbooks
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Pickle, Maria Consuelo Capiral
2012-01-01
This study analyzed the treatment and scope of statistical concepts in four, widely-used, contemporary, middle grades mathematics textbook series: "Glencoe Math Connects," "Prentice Hall Mathematics," "Connected Mathematics Project," and "University of Chicago School Mathematics Project." There were three…
Harness, Susan D.; Swaim, Randall C.; Beauvais, Fred
2014-01-01
Objectives Understanding the similarities and differences between substance use rates for American Indian (AI) young people and young people nationally can better inform prevention and treatment efforts. We compared substance use rates for a large sample of AI students living on or near reservations for the years 2009–2012 with national prevalence rates from Monitoring the Future (MTF). Methods We identified and sampled schools on or near AI reservations by region; 1,399 students in sampled schools were administered the American Drug and Alcohol Survey. We computed lifetime, annual, and last-month prevalence measures by grade and compared them with MTF results for the same time period. Results Prevalence rates for AI students were significantly higher than national rates for nearly all substances, especially for 8th graders. Rates of marijuana use were very high, with lifetime use higher than 50% for all grade groups. Other findings of interest included higher binge drinking rates and OxyContin® use for AI students. Conclusions The results from this study demonstrate that adolescent substance use is still a major problem among reservation-based AI adolescent students, especially 8th graders, where prevalence rates were sometimes dramatically higher than MTF rates. Given the high rates of substance use-related problems on reservations, such as academic failure, delinquency, violent criminal behavior, suicidality, and alcohol-related mortality, the costs to members of this population and to society will continue to be much too high until a comprehensive understanding of the root causes of substance use are established. PMID:24587550
Guidelines for Teaching Grade 8 Mathematics.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Curriculum Development.
This document is designed to assist teachers and other school personnel in the planning and teaching of the eighth grade mathematics course. Contents include: (1) Overview of Grade 8 Mathematics (mission statement, purpose and philosophy, goals, National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' Professional Standards for Teaching Mathematics, and uses…
Guidelines for Teaching Grade 6 Mathematics.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Curriculum Development.
This document is designed to assist teachers and other school personnel in the planning and teaching of the sixth grade mathematics course. Contents include: (1) Overview of Grade 6 Mathematics (mission statement, purpose and philosophy, goals, National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' Professional Standards for Teaching Mathematics, and uses…
First Grade Teacher Expectations in Mathematics.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Funkhouser, Charles P.
The focus of this study was on the expectations that first-grade teachers have of the mathematics skills of their incoming first-grade students. At the end of one school year and at the beginning of the next school year, first-grade teachers (n=64) in rural and urban settings completed the Mathematics Skills Expectations Survey (MSES). The MSES…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rickles, Jordan H.
2011-01-01
This study seeks to demonstrate a method for treatment effect estimation in a multisite observational study where the treatment is highly selective and the assignment mechanism varies across sites. The method is demonstrated by addressing three primary research questions about the effect of 8th grade algebra: (1) For students who take algebra in…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Karademir, Yavuz; Demir, Selcuk Besir
2015-01-01
The aim of this study is to ascertain the problems social studies teachers face in the teaching of topics covered in 8th grade TRHRK Course. The study was conducted in line with explanatory sequential mixed method design, which is one of the mixed research method, was used. The study involves three phases. In the first step, exploratory process…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Danch, J. M.
2015-12-01
In 2010 a group of 8th grade geoscience students participated in an extracurricular activity allowing them to conduct original scientific research while being mentored by students enrolled in a 3 - year high school Science Research program. Upon entering high school the mentored students themselves enrolled in the Science Research program and continued for 4 years, culminating with their participation in Science Research 4. This allowed them to continue conducting original scientific research, act as mentors to 8th grade geoscience students and to provide teacher training for both middle and high school teachers conducting inquiry-based science lessons. Of the 7 Science Research 4 students participating since 2010, 100% plan on majoring or minoring in a STEM - related field in college and their individual research projects have been been granted over 70 different awards and honors in science fair and symposia including a 3rd and 4th place category awards at two different international science fairs - the International Sustainable Energy Engineering and Environment Project (iSWEEP) and the International Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF). Science Research 4 students developed and conducted a Society for Science and the Public affiliated science fair for middle school students enrolled in an 8th grade honors geoscience program allowing over 100 students from 5 middle schools to present their research and be judged by STEM professionals. Students with research judged in the top 10% were nominated for participation in the National Broadcom MASTERS program which they successfully entered upon further mentoring from the Science Research 4 students. 8th grade enrollment in the Science Research program for 2015 increased by almost 50% with feedback from students, parents and teachers indicating that the mentorship and participation in the 8th grade science fair were factors in increasing interest in continuing authentic scientific research in high school.
Grading Considerations in Mathematics Classrooms. Research Brief
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Williamson, Ronald
2009-01-01
Little research is available specifically about grading practices in mathematics classrooms. However, there is research about grading practices in high schools, across content areas. Since their first use students, parents and others have assumed that grades are reliable measures of student achievement. "In short, most Americans have a basic trust…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bruner, Justin L.
Focusing on science from a cross-country perspective, this study explores the relationship between 8th grade science achievement and student, teacher, and school characteristics. More specifically, this study will pay special attention to low socio-economic status (SES) students and seek to understand why some disadvantaged students are able to have higher than expected achievement in science given their SES while other disadvantaged students are not able to achieve beyond what would be expected given their background. This study will explore the multi-level relationship between the characteristics of students, their teachers, their schools, and student achievement in science. While looking at students in classrooms and in schools, this work will create as precise as possible a measure of student SES by drawing on recommendations of an expert panel commissioned by the National Association of Educational Progress (NAEP) study. The study uses the most recent cycle (2011) of the Trends in International Math and Science Study (TIMSS), to strategically select a six-country sample from the 45 participating countries. This six-country sample was selected by using the country level achievement and the standard deviation of that achievement. This will create a sample that has a range of equality in achievement and strength in achievement. This allows for making comparisons both across and within countries to better understand variations in the factors of student performance, especially for disadvantaged students. This paper builds on the existing research around socio-economic status (SES) and achievement by exploring in more detail the conditions in schools and classrooms around the world that might magnify or reduce the effect of SES on student achievement. The analysis looks at these questions: "What conditions help low SES students achieve higher than what would be expected given their SES?" and "What conditions hinder low SES students to achieve at or below what would
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Grana, David P.
2010-01-01
The disparity in academic achievement between African American and White students in all levels of education has been one of the critical issues in education. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of school, community, and family on African American and White students' on the 8 th grade mathematics scores on the Missouri…
The Great Debate: Should All 8th Graders Take Algebra?
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
McKibben, Sarah
2009-01-01
While 8th grade algebra was once reserved as a course for the gifted, today, more U.S. 8th graders take algebra than any other math course. This article discusses a report from the Brookings Institution which chronicles the history of the 8th-grade algebra surge and its impact on today's low-performing students. The report indicates that many of…
Graded Course of Study, Mathematics (K-12).
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Euclid City Schools, OH.
This course of study specifies skills and concepts in mathematics that are to be taught in the various grades of the Euclid (Ohio) City School System. It is based on the philosophy that the purpose of the mathematics program of the Euclid City Schools is to provide students with the kinds of skills they will need to become productive members of…
[Bilingual Bicultural Curriculum for Mathematics: Grade Three.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Axelson, Roland; And Others
Designed to assist bilingual teachers in providing a coordinated program of studies for students in the Connecticut Migratory Children's Program and others whose native language is Spanish, this bilingual-bicultural mathematics curriculum guide for third grade is one of a series for preschool through fifth grade. The overall focus is on Puerto…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Verhille, Charles, Ed.
Papers from the eighth annual meeting of the Canadian Mathematics Education Study Group are presented, beginning with a lecture by Alan Bishop on "The Social Construction of Meaning--A Significant Development for Mathematics Education." Also included are reports of four working groups: "LOGO and the Mathematics Curriculum" (Dale Burnett and…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Roue, Leah Christine
2011-01-01
This research study compared gender and grade level differences in divergent thinking among middle school and high school students in the Midwest, in an attempt to determine whether gender or grade level-based differences exist in divergent thinking. The instrument used was based on the Wallach and Kogan Creativity Test (WKCT). There were 166…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Brody, Michael J.
1996-01-01
Assesses the understanding that a sample of Oregon public school students (n=159) had of geology, physical and chemical characteristics, ecology, and natural resources as related to a marine environment. Results indicate that student understanding in some areas does not progress beyond the early grades and that the interdisciplinary approach of…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Moore, Darla
This eighth grade lesson plan asks students to research and analyze primary source documents about early factory labor (mill workers during the period between 1840-1860) showing their hours of labor, ages of laborers, reasons for working, and working conditions. The lesson plan asks students to read a historical novel about the time, "Lyddie"…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Midgette, Ekaterina; Haria, Priti
2016-01-01
The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of two comprehensive argumentative writing interventions--Text Structure Instruction (TSI) and Text Structure Revision Instruction (TSRI)--on the eighth-grade students' ability to compose convincing essays that include structural elements of argumentative discourse. Both treatment groups…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Harness, Karen
This eighth grade lesson plan asks students to work in groups of four. They must: (1) decide whether to join the Union Army or the Confederate Army; (2) decide under which General they will serve and in which battles they will fight; and (3) once this decision has been made, assign the following roles for team or group members: photographer,…
Hoelscher, Deanna M; Kelder, Steven H; Pérez, Adriana; Day, R Sue; Benoit, Julia S; Frankowski, Ralph F; Walker, Joey L; Lee, Eun S
2010-07-01
Although national and state estimates of child obesity are available, data at these levels are insufficient to monitor effects of local obesity prevention initiatives. The purpose of this study was to examine regional changes in the prevalence of obesity due to statewide policies and programs among children in grades 4, 8, and 11 in Texas Health Services Regions (HSRs) between 2000-2002 and 2004-2005, and nine selected counties in 2004-2005. A cross-sectional, probability-based sample of 23,190 Texas students in grades 4, 8, and 11 were weighed and measured to obtain BMI. Obesity was >95th percentile for BMI by age/sex using Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts. Child obesity prevalence significantly decreased between 2000-2002 and 2004-2005 for 4th grade students in the El Paso HSR (-7.0%, P = 0.005). A leveling off in the prevalence of obesity was noted for all other regions for grades 4, 8, and 11. County-level data supported the statistically significant decreases noted in the El Paso region. The reduction of child obesity levels observed in the El Paso area is one of the few examples of effective programs and policies based on a population-wide survey: in this region, a local foundation funded extensive regional implementation of community programs for obesity prevention, including an evidence-based elementary school-based health promotion program, adult nutrition and physical activity programs, and a radio and television advertising campaign. Results emphasize the need for sustained school, community, and policy efforts, and that these efforts can result in decreases in child obesity at the population level. PMID:19798066
Teaching Middle-Grades Mathematics through Financial Literacy
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Crawford-Ferre, Heather Glynn; Wiest, Lynda R.; Vega, Stephanie
2016-01-01
Because financial literacy is an important skill for middle-grades students, this article suggests numerous personal financial literacy tasks for use in the mathematics classroom. Also provided are specifics for implementing one of these tasks to address mathematical content.
Wyoming Mathematics Curriculum Guide, Grades 7-12.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wyoming State Dept. of Education, Cheyenne.
GRADES OR AGES: 7-12; SUBJECT MATTER: Mathematics. ORGANIZATION AND PHYSICAL APPEARANCE: The guide has an introduction and four chapters: 1) A Sample Mathematics Curriculum; 2) The Exceptional Student in Mathematics; 3) Mathematics Components for Comprehensive Occupational Education; 4) Reference Materials. The guide is printed and spiral bound…
Cognitive Predictors of Final Grades in Finite Mathematics.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Troutman, James G.
1978-01-01
Grades in a college freshman course in finite mathematics were predicted from IQ, high school math grades, college board scores, and high school class ranks. The squared multiple correlation for the full model was .611. (JKS)
Bachman, Jerald G.; O'Malley, Patrick M.; Johnston, Lloyd D.; Schulenberg, John E.; Wallace, John M.
2011-01-01
Objective: Secondary school students' rates of substance use vary significantly by race/ethnicity and by their parents' level of education (a proxy for socioeconomic status). The relationship between students' substance use and race/ethnicity is, however, potentially confounded because parental education also differs substantially by race/ethnicity. This report disentangles the confounding by examining White, African American, and Hispanic students separately, showing how parental education relates to cigarette smoking, heavy drinking, and illicit drug use. Method: Data are from the 1999-2008 Monitoring the Future nationally representative in-school surveys of more than 360,000 students in Grades 8, 10, and 12. Results: (a) High proportions of Hispanic students have parents with the lowest level of education, and the relatively low levels of substance use by these students complicates total sample data linking parental education and substance use. (b) There are clear interactions: Compared with White students, substance use rates among African American and Hispanic students are less strongly linked with parental education (and are lower overall). (c) Among White students, 8th and 1 0th graders show strong negative relations between parental education and substance use, whereas by 12th grade their heavy drinking and marijuana use are not correlated with parental education. Conclusions: Low parental education appears to be much more of a risk factor for White students than for Hispanic or African American students. Therefore, in studies of substance use epidemiology, findings based on predominantly White samples are not equally applicable to other racial/ethnic subgroups. Conversely, the large proportions of minority students in the lowest parental education category can mask or weaken findings that are clearer among White students alone. PMID:21388601
Mathematics achievement based on gender among eight grade school students in Jordan
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Rabab'h, Belal Sadiq Hamed; Veloo, Arsaythamby; Perumal, Selvan
2015-05-01
The purpose of this study is to identify the differences in gender base on numbers, algebra, geometry and mathematics achievement among Jordanian 8th grade school students. The respondent of this study were 337 students from eight public secondary schools in Alkoura district and selected by using stratified random sampling. The study comprised of 179 (53%) males and 158 (47%) females students. The mathematics test comprises of 30 items which has eight items for numbers, 14 items for algebra and eight items for geometry. Finding from independent sample t-test shows that female student score higher than male students in numbers, algebra, mathematics achievement and spatial visualization. There is no significant difference in geometry base for gender. This study also indicates that numbers, algebra and mathematics achievement favorable to female and bias to male students. The main recommendations from this study are for teachers and other educational professionals to focus on the numbers and algebra for male students to improve the learning of mathematics, and feeding program through benefiting from tutorial classes to avoid of weakness in different aspects of mathematics achievement. Gender differences in mathematics in secondary school students in Jordan continue to exist and these differences may influence future educational and occupational pathways.
Effects of Curriculum Reform on Mathematics Achievement in Grade Six.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Moray, Joseph
This investigation measured effects of the modern mathematics on achievement in traditional arithmetic and in modern mathematics. Material on Sets, Variables, and Statistics was taught as a separate subject to an experimental group of 207 sixth-grade students. Instruction in the new mathematics content was given over a four-month period, using…
A Guide to Teaching Mathematics in the Primary Grades.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Baroody, Arthur J.
This book was written as a tool to help teachers of prekindergarten to grade 3 make use of recent developments in the cognitive psychology of mathematical learning. Chapters included are: (1) "The Nature of Children's Mathematical Thinking"; (2) "Designing Effective Mathematics Instruction"; (3) "Oral Counting"; (4) "Numbering"; (5) "Numerical…
Developing Mathematical Reasoning in Grades K-12. 1999 Yearbook.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Stiff, Lee V., Ed.; Curcio, Frances R., Ed.
This yearbook sharpens the views of mathematical reasoning and its development at all grade levels. Various perspectives about the nature of reasoning and addresses the many issues and concerns involving mathematical reasoning such as how learners reason in mathematics, how communication promotes reasoning, how teachers gather evidence of student…
Teaching Gifted Children Mathematics in Grades Four Through Six.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gensley, Juliana T.
Intended for teachers of gifted students in grades 4-6, the guide emphasizes the need for specialized instruction in mathematics, suggests methods for teaching mathematical facts and concepts, describes approaches and materials to develop students' understanding of mathematical principles, and explores ways to build skills and creativity. Stressed…
Mathematics Program Evaluation Grades K-12.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Armstrong, Raymond; Drake, Thomas; Cunningham, Judith; Arevalo, Cheryl L.
This paper evaluates the mathematics program of the Des Moines (Iowa) Independent Community School district. The mathematics curricula in the Des Moines schools is in a state of transition to meet national standards in mathematics. The national standards are completely in agreement with the district's mission statement, which is to provide a…
Sixth Grade Mathematics. A Needs Assessment Report.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Program Planning and Needs Assessment.
The Prescriptive Mathematics Inventory (PMI)-Level B and a Pupil identification Form (PID) were administered to 22,055 sixth graders in Texas. Results from the PMI are reported in terms of the percentage of students marking the correct response for each of 209 objectives. Panels of mathematics teachers and of mathematics experts rated 40 of these…
Elementary Mathematics, Grades 1-6.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Nederland Independent School District, TX.
GRADES OR AGES: Grades 1-6. SUBJECT MATTER: Elementary math. ORGANIZATION AND PHYSICAL APPEARANCE: Introductory material focuses on the philosophy and objectives of instructional material. The guide is divided into six units covering grades 1-6. Each unit presents the general goals, materials needed, minimum program, skills to be developed,…
Differential Teacher Grading Behavior toward Female Students of Mathematics.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Duval, Concetta M.
1980-01-01
This study attempted to determine if teachers discriminate against female learners of mathematics. More than 1000 secondary mathematics teachers were asked to grade four geometry proofs. Student sex and ability were the independent variables. Analysis yielded no significant F ratios for either of the main effects or their interaction. (Author/MK)
A Developmental Program to Non-Grade Mathematics K-12.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ferrell, Phyllis C.
This report summarizes the first two years of study at the Elk Grove Training and Development Center. The initial program was designed to improve mathematics instruction through the use of a non-graded multi-media approach utilizing laboratory team teaching. Achievement test summaries indicate that K-5 students instructed in mathematics through…
Prospective Middle Grade Mathematics Teachers' Knowledge of Algebra for Teaching
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Huang, Rongjin; Kulm, Gerald
2012-01-01
This study examined prospective middle grade mathematics teachers' knowledge of algebra for teaching with a focus on knowledge for teaching the concept of function. 115 prospective teachers from an interdisciplinary program for mathematics and science middle teacher preparation at a large public university in the USA participated in a survey. It…
More than Numbers: Teaching ELLs Mathematical Language in Primary Grades
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Sistla, Michelle; Feng, Jay
2014-01-01
Teaching English Language Learners (ELL) academics while they are acquiring English language skills is a challenge for teachers. This action research examines the use of Response To Intervention (RTI) in teaching ELLs mathematical language and its effect on students' math achievement in primary grades. It shows that when mathematical language…
Mathematics Achievement of Vietnamese Grade 5 Pupils
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Griffin, Patrick
2007-01-01
This article reports the results of a national survey of mathematics achievement at the end of primary school in Vietnam. A sample of more than 72000 students were assessed from 61 provinces. The items were matched to the Vietnam Mathematics curriculum for Year 5 students. Using a skills audit of the items, a variable of Vietnamese mathematics…
Mathematics Enrichment: Grade 5. Curriculum Bulletin Number 237.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Johnston, Patsy
Enrichment activities for fifth-grade mathematics are presented. They are intended to be a continuation of the program started in the fourth grade. Some of the activities reinforce principles taught in the regular program; others introduce new concepts to challenge students. The activities are divided into the following categories: number…
High School Mathematics Teachers: Grading Practice and Pupil Control Ideology.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Cicmanec, Karen Mauck; Johanson, George; Howley, Aimee
Survey data gathered from 230 respondents from a random sample of 500 Ohio public school teachers explores the association between teachers' practice of assigning grades based on nonachievement grading factors and teachers' pupil control orientation (PCI). Responding high school mathematics teachers provided information that relates to the use of…
Investigation of Fifth Grade Students' Mathematical Calibration Skills
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ozsoy, Gokhan
2012-01-01
The purpose of this study is to develop a scale to measure fifth grade students' mathematical calibration skills. Besides, it aims to determine students' calibration skills through this scale. Results of the study revealed that fifth-grade students (n = 94) enrolling to study, have a medium-high level of (M = 55.12, SD = 21.76) mathematical…
De Smedt, Bert; Janssen, Rianne; Bouwens, Kelly; Verschaffel, Lieven; Boets, Bart; Ghesquière, Pol
2009-06-01
This longitudinal study examined the relationship between working memory and individual differences in mathematics. Working memory measures, comprising the phonological loop, the visuospatial sketchpad, and the central executive, were administered at the start of first grade. Mathematics achievement was assessed 4 months later (at the middle of first grade) and 1 year later (at the start of second grade). Working memory was significantly related to mathematics achievement in both grades, showing that working memory clearly predicts later mathematics achievement. The central executive was a unique predictor of both first- and second-grade mathematics achievement. There were age-related differences with regard to the contribution of the slave systems to mathematics performance; the visuospatial sketchpad was a unique predictor of first-grade, but not second-grade, mathematics achievement, whereas the phonological loop emerged as a unique predictor of second-grade, but not first-grade, mathematics achievement.
Aiming High and Falling Short: California's Eighth-Grade Algebra-for-All Effort
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Domina, Thurston; McEachin, Andrew; Penner, Andrew; Penner, Emily
2015-01-01
The United States is in the midst of an effort to intensify middle school mathematics curricula by enrolling more 8th graders in Algebra. California is at the forefront of this effort, and in 2008, the state moved to make Algebra the accountability benchmark test for 8th-grade mathematics. This article takes advantage of this unevenly implemented…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Edwards, Hannah
2012-01-01
The purpose of this causal comparative study was to examine effect of the K-8 grade span configuration on the academic achievement of 8th-grade students in the State of Georgia, and to determine the viability of the K-8 grade configuration as a strategy for improving the academic achievement of students at the middle grade levels. This study…
Opportunities to Develop Mathematical Proficiency in Grade 6 Mathematics Classrooms in KwaZulu-Natal
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ally, Noor; Christiansen, Iben Maj
2013-01-01
In this article, we propose a rubric for assessing the teacher's provision of opportunities to develop mathematical proficiency in classrooms. The rubric is applied to data from 30 video recordings of mathematics lessons taught in Grade 6 in one district of KwaZulul-Natal. The results suggest that opportunities to develop procedural fluency…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ottmar, Erin R.; Decker, Lauren E.; Cameron, Claire E.; Curby, Timothy W.; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.
2014-01-01
This study examined the quality of teacher-child interactions and exposure to mathematics instruction as predictors of 5th grade student's mathematics achievement. The sample was a subset of the children involved in the NICHD-SECC longitudinal study (N = 657). Results indicate that, even after controlling for student demographic…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
James, Jamie Smith
2014-01-01
The purpose of this quantitative research study was to evaluate to what degree Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education influenced mathematics and science achievement of seventh grade students in one Middle Tennessee school district. This research used an independent samples t test at the a = 0.05 level to evaluate…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Liang, Jian-Hua; Heckman, Paul E.; Abedi, Jamal
2012-01-01
In California, an increasing number of 8th graders have taken algebra courses since 2003. This study examines students' California Standards Test (CST) results in grades 7 through 11, aiming to reveal who took the CST for Algebra I in 8th grade and whether the increase has led to a rise in students' taking higher-level mathematics CSTs and an…
A Supplementary Program for Environmental Education, Mathematics, Grade K-1.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Warpinski, Robert
Presented in these teacher's guides for grades K-1 are lesson plans and ideas for integrating mathematics and environmental education. Each lesson originates with a fundamental concept pertaining to the environment and states, in addition, its discipline area, subject area, and problem orientation. Following this, behavioral objectives and…
Secondary Schools Curriculum Guide, Mathematics, Grades 7-9. Revised.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Cranston School Dept., RI.
Behavioral objectives are specified for 82 topics in mathematics to be covered in grades 7 through 9. A general objective is given for each, followed by specific behavioral objectives with suggested activities. Topics include number properties and operations, geometry, number theory, algebra, set theory, ratio, proportion and percent, the metric…
Mathematics for the Middle Grades (5-9). 1982 Yearbook.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Silvey, Linda, Ed.; Smart, James R., Ed.
This yearbook for teachers of mathematics in grades 5-9 contains three sections: (1) critical issues; (2) learning activities; and (3) games, contests, and student presentations. The first section includes articles on sex-related differences, learning disabled students, computer literacy, mental arithmetic, rational numbers, and problem solving.…
Research Ideas for the Classroom: Middle Grades Mathematics.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Owens, Douglas T., Ed.
Research Ideas for the Classroom is a three-volume series of research interpretations for early childhood, middle grades, and high school mathematics classrooms. Each volume looks at research from the perspective of the learner, the content, and the teacher, and chapters are co-authored by a researcher and a teacher. Chapter titles in the middle…
Mathematics Enrichment: Grade 4. Curriculum Bulletin Number 236.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Johnston, Patsy
Enrichment activities for fourth-grade mathematics are presented. Some of the activities reinforce principles taught in the regular program; others introduce new concepts to challenge students. The activities are divided into the following categories: number pictures; multiplying or dividing by 10, 100, or 1000; tic-tac-toe word problems; map…
Beginning Eleventh Grade Student Profile, Mathematics Standards, Citrus County, Florida.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Citrus County Board of Public Instruction, Inverness, FL.
This collection of booklets deals with minumum standards in mathematics for beginning eleventh grade students. There is a statement of the standards with related skills, a test to assess competency with accompanying answer sheet and answer key, and eight booklets presenting problems covered by six of the standards. The booklets cover: percentages;…
Career Activities in Mathematics: Grades 7, 8, 9.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Boise City Independent School District, ID.
The career activities guide in mathematics, part of an Idaho State Department of Vocational Education career exploration series for grades 7, 8, and 9, is designed as supplementary material to enrich the regular curriculum. Any one activity in the guide might be used without involving any other activities. The cross-referenced index indicates…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hebert, Michael A.; Powell, Sarah R.
2016-01-01
Increasingly, students are expected to write about mathematics. Mathematics writing may be informal (e.g., journals, exit slips) or formal (e.g., writing prompts on high-stakes mathematics assessments). In order to develop an effective mathematics-writing intervention, research needs to be conducted on how students organize mathematics writing and…
Eighth Grade Algebra Course Placement and Student Motivation for Mathematics
Simzar, Rahila M.; Domina, Thurston; Tran, Cathy
2016-01-01
This study uses student panel data to examine the association between Algebra placement and student motivation for mathematics. Changes in achievement goals, expectancy, and task value for students in eighth grade Algebra are compared with those of peers placed in lower-level mathematics courses (N = 3,306). In our sample, students placed in Algebra reported an increase in performance-avoidance goals as well as decreases in academic self-efficacy and task value. These relations were attenuated for students who had high mathematics achievement prior to Algebra placement. Whereas all students reported an overall decline in performance-approach goals over the course of eighth grade, previously high-achieving students reported an increase in these goals. Lastly, previously high-achieving students reported an increase in mastery goals. These findings suggest that while previously high-achieving students may benefit motivationally from eighth grade Algebra placement, placing previously average- and low-performing students in Algebra can potentially undermine their motivation for mathematics. PMID:26942210
The State of Mathematics Achievement in Florida: The Trial State Assessment at Grade Eight.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Assessment of Educational Progress, Princeton, NJ.
In 1990, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) included a Trial State Assessment (TSA); for the first time in the NAEP's history, voluntary state-by-state assessments (37 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, and the Virgin Islands) were made. The sample was designed to represent the 8th grade public school population in a state…
The State of Mathematics Achievement in Connecticut: The Trial State Assessment at Grade Eight.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Assessment of Educational Progress, Princeton, NJ.
In 1990, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) included a Trial State Assessment (TSA); for the first time in the NAEP's history, voluntary state-by-state assessments (37 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, and the Virgin Islands) were made. The sample was designed to represent the 8th grade public school population in a state…
The State of Mathematics Achievement in Colorado: The Trial State Assessment at Grade Eight.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Assessment of Educational Progress, Princeton, NJ.
In 1990, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) included a Trial State Assessment (TSA); for the first time in the NAEP's history, voluntary state-by-state assessments (37 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, and the Virgin Islands) were made. The sample was designed to represent the 8th grade public school population in a state…
The State of Mathematics Achievement in California: The Trial State Assessment at Grade Eight.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Assessment of Educational Progress, Princeton, NJ.
In 1990, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) included a Trial State Assessment (TSA); for the first time in the NAEP's history, voluntary state-by-state assessments (37 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, and the Virgin Islands) were made. The sample was designed to represent the 8th grade public school population in a state…
The State of Mathematics Achievement in Iowa: The Trial State Assessment at Grade Eight.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Assessment of Educational Progress, Princeton, NJ.
In 1990, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) included a Trial State Assessment (TSA); for the first time in the NAEP's history, voluntary state-by-state assessments (37 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, and the Virgin Islands) were made. The sample was designed to represent the 8th grade public school population in a state…
The State of Mathematics Achievement in Alabama: The Trial State Assessment at Grade Eight.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Assessment of Educational Progress, Princeton, NJ.
In 1990, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) included a Trial State Assessment (TSA); for the first time in the NAEP's history, voluntary state-by-state assessments (37 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, and the Virgin Islands) were made. The sample was designed to represent the 8th grade public school population in a state…
The State of Mathematics Achievement in Arkansas: The Trial State Assessment at Grade Eight.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Assessment of Educational Progress, Princeton, NJ.
In 1990, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) included a Trial State Assessment (TSA); for the first time in the NAEP's history, voluntary state-by-state assessments (37 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, and the Virgin Islands) were made. The sample was designed to represent the 8th grade public school population in a state…
The State of Mathematics Achievement in Indiana: The Trial State Assessment at Grade Eight.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Assessment of Educational Progress, Princeton, NJ.
In 1990, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) included a Trial State Assessment (TSA); for the first time in the NAEP's history, voluntary state-by-state assessments (37 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, and the Virgin Islands) were made. The sample was designed to represent the 8th grade public school population in a state…
The State of Mathematics Achievement in Illinois: The Trial State Assessment at Grade Eight.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Assessment of Educational Progress, Princeton, NJ.
In 1990, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) included a Trial State Assessment (TSA); for the first time in the NAEP's history, voluntary state-by-state assessments (37 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, and the Virgin Islands) were made. The sample was designed to represent the 8th grade public school population in a state…
The State of Mathematics Achievement in Idaho: The Trial State Assessment at Grade Eight.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Assessment of Educational Progress, Princeton, NJ.
In 1990, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) included a Trial State Assessment (TSA); for the first time in the NAEP's history, voluntary state-by-state assessments (37 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, and the Virgin Islands) were made. The sample was designed to represent the 8th grade public school population in a state…
The State of Mathematics Achievement in Georgia: The Trial State Assessment at Grade Eight.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Assessment of Educational Progress, Princeton, NJ.
In 1990, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) included a Trial State Assessment (TSA); for the first time in the NAEP's history, voluntary state-by-state assessments (37 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, and the Virgin Islands) were made. The sample was designed to represent the 8th grade public school population in a state…
The State of Mathematics Achievement in Delaware: The Trial State Assessment at Grade Eight.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Assessment of Educational Progress, Princeton, NJ.
In 1990, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) included a Trial State Assessment (TSA); for the first time in the NAEP's history, voluntary state-by-state assessments (37 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, and the Virgin Islands) were made. The sample was designed to represent the 8th grade public school population in a state…
The State of Mathematics Achievement in Hawaii: The Trial State Assessment at Grade Eight.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Assessment of Educational Progress, Princeton, NJ.
In 1990, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) included a Trial State Assessment (TSA); for the first time in the NAEP's history, voluntary state-by-state assessments (37 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, and the Virgin Islands) were made. The sample was designed to represent the 8th grade public school population in a state…
The State of Mathematics Achievement in Arizona: The Trial State Assessment at Grade Eight.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Assessment of Educational Progress, Princeton, NJ.
In 1990, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) included a Trial State Assessment (TSA); for the first time in the NAEP's history, voluntary state-by-state assessments (37 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, and the Virgin Islands) were made. The sample was designed to represent the 8th grade public school population in a state…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Oklahoma City Public School System, OK. Dept. of Home Economics.
Prevocational materials for use at the seventh and/or eighth grade levels are presented in this curriculum guide. Materials cover six areas, each consisting of several instructional units planned for more than one lesson or class period. Each unit includes behavioral objectives, suggested activities for teacher and students, information sheets,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Granet, Eileen M.
This eighth-grade lesson teaches about military battles and the lives of women during the U.S. Civil War. Students work both individually and in groups, assuming the perspective of a young woman who has left home to join the war effort. The lesson progresses along the following steps: (1) "Getting Started" (Focus on a particular woman's role); (2)…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg. Bureau of French Education.
Official instructional materials for the second three years (grades 7-9) of the Manitoba Department of Education's core French language program are presented. These materials, intended for teachers, consist of units of instruction for each year, which contain notes for the teacher, suggestions for class activities, materials for student use, and…
Implementing the Standards. Teaching Discrete Mathematics in Grades 7-12.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hart, Eric W.; And Others
1990-01-01
Discrete mathematics are defined briefly. A course in discrete mathematics for high school students and teaching discrete mathematics in grades 7 and 8 including finite differences, recursion, and graph theory are discussed. (CW)
Predicting Mathematics Grades of High School Girls and Boys: A Further Study.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Sherman, Julia A.
1980-01-01
Eighth-grade scores for 140 females and 115 males on three cognitive tests and the Fennema-Sherman Mathematics Attitudes Scales were used to predict mathematics grades 1-3 years later. In addition to mathematics achievement, significant relationships were confirmed for spatial visualization and confidence in learning mathematics. (Author/GDC)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Maciejewski, Wes; Merchant, Sandra
2016-04-01
Students approach learning in different ways, depending on the experienced learning situation. A deep approach is geared toward long-term retention and conceptual change while a surface approach focuses on quickly acquiring knowledge for immediate use. These approaches ultimately affect the students' academic outcomes. This study takes a cross-sectional look at the approaches to learning used by students from courses across all four years of undergraduate mathematics and analyses how these relate to the students' grades. We find that deep learning correlates with grade in the first year and not in the upper years. Surficial learning has no correlation with grades in the first year and a strong negative correlation with grades in the upper years. Using Bloom's taxonomy, we argue that the nature of the tasks given to students is fundamentally different in lower and upper year courses. We find that first-year courses emphasize tasks that require only low-level cognitive processes. Upper year courses require higher level processes but, surprisingly, have a simultaneous greater emphasis on recall and understanding. These observations explain the differences in correlations between approaches to learning and course grades. We conclude with some concerns about the disconnect between first year and upper year mathematics courses and the effect this may have on students.
Pathways to Mathematics College Readiness in Maine
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Silvernail, David L; Batista, Ida A.; Sloan, James E.; Stump, Erika K.; Johnson, Amy F.
2014-01-01
The goal of this study was to examine the pathways to being college ready in mathematics. Students who enter high school already having demonstrated mathematics proficiency on a standardized test in the 8th grade have already taken a significant step towards being college ready. The best scenario is to enter high school proficient in mathematics…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lein, Amy E.; Jitendra, Asha K.; Starosta, Kristin M.; Dupuis, Danielle N.; Hughes-Reid, Cheyenne L.; Star, Jon R.
2016-01-01
In this study, the authors assessed the contribution of engagement (on-task behavior) to the mathematics problem-solving performance of seventh-grade students after accounting for prior mathematics achievement. A subsample of seventh-grade students in four mathematics classrooms (one high-, two average-, and one low-achieving) from a larger…
8th Spacecraft Charging Technology Conference
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Minor, J. L. (Compiler)
2004-01-01
The 8th Spacecraft Charging Technology Conference was held in Huntsville, Alabama, October 20-24, 2003. Hosted by NASA s Space Environments and Effects (SEE) Program and co-sponsored by the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) and the European Space Agency (ESA), the 2003 conference saw attendance from eleven countries with over 65 oral papers and 18 poster papers. Presentation topics highlighted the latest in spacecraft charging mitigation techniques and on-orbit investigations, including: Plasma Propulsion and Tethers; Ground Testing Techniques; Interactions of Spacecraft and Systems With the Natural and Induced Plasma Environment; Materials Characterizations; Models and Computer Simulations; Environment Specifications; Current Collection and Plasma Probes in Space Plasmas; On-Orbit Investigations. A round-table discussion of international standards regarding electrostatic discharge (ESD) testing was also held with the promise of continued discussions in the off years and an official continuation at the next conference.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Powell, Sarah R.; Driver, Melissa K.
2015-01-01
Researchers and practitioners indicate students require explicit instruction on mathematics vocabulary terms, yet no study has examined the effects of an embedded vocabulary component within mathematics tutoring for early elementary students. First-grade students with mathematics difficulty (MD; n = 98) were randomly assigned to addition tutoring…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bryant, Brian R.; Bryant, Diane Pedrotty; Porterfield, Jennifer; Dennis, Minyi Shih; Falcomata, Terry; Valentine, Courtney; Brewer, Chelsea; Bell, Kathy
2016-01-01
The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a systematic, explicit, intensive Tier 3 (tertiary) intervention on the mathematics performance of students in second grade with severe mathematics difficulties. A multiple-baseline design across groups of participants showed improved mathematics performance on number and operations…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Smith, Thomas J.; McKenna, Cornelius M.; Hines, Ellen
2014-01-01
This study examined a large, nationally-representative sample of eighth-grade students in the US to assess how the frequency of group learning activity in mathematics classrooms was associated with mathematics achievement and three measures of attitudes toward mathematics. Results showed that moderate amounts of group work in class had positive…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hill, Mary Denise
The purpose of this study was to determine whether integrating mathematics and science curriculum and teaching practices significantly improves achievement in mathematics and attitudes towards mathematics among sixth grade students in South Texas. The study was conducted during the 2001--2002 school year. A causal-comparative ex post facto research design was used to explore the effects of integrated mathematics and science classrooms compared to classrooms of traditional, isolated mathematics and science teaching practices on student achievement and student attitudes. Achievement was based on the Spring 2002 Mathematics portion of the standardized Texas Assessment of Academic Skills (TAAS) Texas Learning Index (TLI) scores and individual student's mathematics Grade Point Average (GPA). Measurement of student attitudes was based on the results of the Integrated Mathematics Attitudinal Survey (IMAS), created by the researcher for this study. The sample population included 349 Grade 6 mathematics students attending one middle school involved in a pilot program utilizing integrated mathematics/science curriculum and teaching practices in a South Texas urban school district. The research involved 337 of the 349 sixth grade students to study the effects of mathematics/science curriculum and teaching practices on achievement and 207 of the 349 sixth grade students to study the effects of mathematics/science curriculum on attitudes concerning mathematics. The data were analyzed using chi square analyses, independent samples t-tests, and the analysis of variance (ANOVA). Statistical significance was determined at the .05 level of significance. Significant relationships were found when analyzing the proficiency of mathematics skills and individual growth of mathematics achievement. Chi square analyses indicated that the students in the integrated mathematics/science classrooms were more likely to exhibit individual growth and proficiency of mathematics skills based on the
8th Annual European Antibody Congress 2012
Beck, Alain; Carter, Paul J.; Gerber, Hans-Peter; Lugovskoy, Alexey A.; Wurch, Thierry; Junutula, Jagath R.; Kontermann, Roland E; Mabry, Robert
2013-01-01
The 8th European Antibody Congress (EAC), organized by Terrapin Ltd., was again held in Geneva, Switzerland, following on the tradition established with the 4th EAC. The new agenda format for 2012 included three parallel tracks on: (1) naked antibodies; (2) antibody drug conjugates (ADCs); and (3) bispecific antibodies and alternative scaffolds. The meeting started and closed with three plenary lectures to give common background and to share the final panel discussion and conclusions. The two day event included case studies and networking for nearly 250 delegates who learned of the latest advances and trends in the global development of antibody-based therapeutics. The monoclonal antibody track was focused on understanding the structure-function relationships, optimization of antibody design and developability, and processes that allow better therapeutic candidates to move through the clinic. Discussions on novel target identification and validation were also included. The ADC track was dedicated to evaluation of the ongoing success of the established ADC formats alongside the rise of the next generation drug-conjugates. The bispecific and alternative scaffold track was focused on taking stock of the multitude of bispecific formats being investigated and gaining insight into recent innovations and advancements. Mechanistic understanding, progression into the clinic and the exploration of multispecifics, redirected T cell killing and alternative scaffolds were extensively discussed. In total, nearly 50 speakers provided updates of programs related to antibody research and development on-going in the academic, government and commercial sectors. PMID:23493119
Nutrition Super Stars [7th and 8th Grades].
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Houtkooper, Linda; And Others
This kit is designed to be used as part of health, science, physical education, and home economics education at the middle school level. It provides current information about and describes student learning activities in food, nutrition, physical fitness, and ecology. Class plans are offered for five lesson topics: (1) Food supplies nutrients,…
8th Grade Students Metaphors for the Concept of History
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Yalçinkaya, Elvan
2013-01-01
Problem Statement: History is a science that helps people guide their futures; it is an indispensable part of education. It is important for students to know the past well in order to understand the present better and direct their future. History does not have magical laws to generalize in predicting future. However, we have to know that history…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Vermont Department of Education, 2004
2004-01-01
This document, "Grade Expectations for Vermont's Framework of Standards and Learning Opportunities" (hereafter "Vermont's Grade Expectations"), is an important companion to "Vermont's Framework." These Grade Expectations (GEs) serve the same purposes as "Vermont's Framework," but articulate learning expectations by grade levels in mathematics,…
A Chemistry Course for High Ability 8th, 9th, and 10th Graders.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kilker, Richard, Jr.
1985-01-01
Describes a chemistry course designed, in cooperation with local public school districts, to intellectually challenge a group of 8th, 9th, and 10th grade students. Organic chemistry and biochemistry are integrated into the course (titled Chemistry and Everyday Life) to emphasize practical applications of chemistry. The course syllabus is included.…
Individual and Contextual Predictors of Inhalant Use among 8th Graders: A Multilevel Analysis
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Collins, David; Pan, Zhenfeng; Johnson, Knowlton; Courser, Matthew; Shamblen, Steve
2009-01-01
Few studies of inhalant use have examined a large number of predictors at the individual level, including risk and protective factors and delinquent behavior, while also taking into account contextual variables (such as school size and poverty rates). This exploratory study uses 8th grade data from a large-scale survey of students in Kentucky to…
Implications of Eighth Grade Algebra I on High School Mathematics Achievement
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bayard, Robert
2012-01-01
As of 2008, approximately 40% of eighth grade students in the United States enroll in Algebra I (National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, 2008). Although research has shown that students have more opportunities to take advanced mathematics courses by taking eighth grade Algebra I, in the United States, approximately only one-third to one-half…
How Rwandan Grade 6 Mathematics Teachers Teach--A First Investigation
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Maniraho, Jean Francois; Christiansen, Iben Maj
2015-01-01
This paper offers a tentative snapshot of Grade 6 mathematics classroom practices in Rwanda based on twenty video recorded lessons. It has an objective of investigating through evaluation, the teaching strategies used by Rwandan Grade 6 Mathematics teachers in their classrooms. In the absence of sufficient instruments to measure Pedagogical…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
De Smedt, Bert; Janssen, Rianne; Bouwens, Kelly; Verschaffel, Lieven; Boets, Bart; Ghesquiere, Pol
2009-01-01
This longitudinal study examined the relationship between working memory and individual differences in mathematics. Working memory measures, comprising the phonological loop, the visuospatial sketchpad, and the central executive, were administered at the start of first grade. Mathematics achievement was assessed 4 months later (at the middle of…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Takahashi, Akihiko
2016-01-01
Problem solving has been a major theme in Japanese mathematics curricula for nearly 50 years. Numerous teacher reference books and lesson plans using problem solving have been published since the 1960s. Government-authorized mathematics textbooks for elementary grades, published by six private companies, have had more and more problem solving over…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Pehkonen, Erkki
This study was conducted to examine the views of seventh-grade students in Finland with regard to the teaching and learning of mathematics. Data were gathered by a questionnaire survey, with follow-up interviews to validate response reliability. Fifty junior high school mathematics teachers in southern Finland were asked to present the…
Understanding the Gap in Mathematics Achievement of Malaysian Students
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ismail, Noor Azina
2009-01-01
Of 46 countries that participated in the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study in 2003 (I. V. S. Mullis, M. O. Martin, E. J. Gonzalez, & S. J. Chrostowski, 2004), Malaysia was ranked 10th in international scores of mathematics achievement for 8th-grade students. The present author aimed to examine the importance of students' home…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Luna, Eduardo; And Others
1990-01-01
Summarizes results from the study Teaching and Learning of Mathematics in the Dominican Republic (TLMDR) which evaluated eighth grade students' mathematics achievement during 1982-83. States students are not guaranteed an adequate level of mathematics instruction. Contends the Dominican Republic school system enhances and deepens social…
Mathematics Homework: A Study of Three Grade Eight Classrooms in Singapore
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kaur, Berinderjeet
2011-01-01
This paper explores the nature and source of mathematics homework and teachers' and students' perspectives about the role of mathematics homework. The subjects of the study are three grade 8 mathematics teachers and 115 of their students. Data from field notes, teacher interviews and student questionnaire are analysed using qualitative methods.…
Teachers' Views of the Challenges of Teaching Grade 9 Applied Mathematics in Toronto Schools
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Stoilescu, Dorian; McDougall, Douglas; Egodawatte, Gunawardena
2016-01-01
Mathematics teachers, mathematics department heads, curriculum leaders, and administrators from 11 schools in four school boards from Toronto, Ontario, Canada, participated in a project to improve the teaching and learning in grade 9 mathematics classrooms. In each of these schools, an implementation team was created, so that at least three…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kliman, Marlene; Jaumot-Pascual, Nuria; Martin, Valerie
2013-01-01
Although public library programs for the elementary grades offer explorations in a wide range of topics in which mathematics plays a role, are all too rare: Mathematics offerings are typically limited to homework help. Participating in out-of-school activities that embed mathematics in authentic ways bolsters children's skill development,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
del Regato, John C.; And Others
The Mathematics Pentathlon is a tournament of mathematics games held each spring since 1979 to promote the development of mathematical concepts and skills while fostering interaction among the educational community. There are five games in each of four divisions, for grades K-1, 2-3, 4-5, and 6-7. The focus is on active problem solving and…
Technology in Support of Middle Grade Mathematics: What Have We Learned?
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Guerrero, Shannon; Walker, Norman; Dugdale, Sharon
2004-01-01
Use of technology in middle grade mathematics is controversial. Major policy documents have teachers torn between enthusiasm for technology-facilitated mathematical investigation and cautions about undermining students' computational skills. This article examines research concerning use of computers and calculators in mathematics at the middle…
Teacher Practices and Hybrid Space in a Fifth-Grade Mathematics Classroom
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Cribbs, Jennifer D.; Linder, Sandra M.
2013-01-01
Providing students with a classroom environment that allows for meaningful learning experiences is important for students to develop deep and long lasting understanding about mathematics. This article adds to the literature on learning environments in mathematics by presenting a case study of one fifth-grade mathematics teacher and her classroom…
Mathematics Confidence, Grade-Level Choice, Gender, and Age in Preservice Teachers
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Pearson, Lesley Knoth
2012-01-01
Problem: The purpose of the study was to determine whether teachers' mathematics confidence influenced their choice of grade level. The study also examined whether there was a difference in teachers' mathematics confidence based on their age or gender. Method: A 6-item Mathematics Survey was distributed to 83 single-and multiple-subject…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Preston, Ron; Rachlin, Sid; DeBellis, Valerie; Robinson, Zachary; Sinicrope, Rose
This paper describes the mathematics concentration program at East Carolina University (ECU) that is taken by preservice middle grades teachers intending to teach mathematics. Following a brief examination of the forces that impacted the formation of this mathematics concentration, this paper describes the program and highlights five courses from…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
del Regato, John C.; And Others
The Mathematics Pentathlon is a tournament of mathematics games held each spring since 1979 to promote the development of mathematical concepts and skills while fostering interaction among the educational community. There are five games in each of four divisions, for grades K-1, 2-3, 4-5, and 6-7. The focus is on active problem solving and…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bernard, Robert M.; Bethel, Edward Clement; Abrami, Philip C.; Wade, C. Anne
2007-01-01
This study examines the achievement outcomes accompanying the implementation of a Grade 3 laptop or so-called "ubiquitous computing" program in a Quebec school district. CAT3 reading, language, and mathematics batteries were administered at the end of Grade 2 and again at the end of Grade 3, after the first year of computer…
Highlights of the 8th International Veterinary Immunology Symposium
Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)
Veterinary immunologists have expanded understanding of the immune systems for our companion animals and developed new vaccines and therapeutics. This manuscript summarizes the highlights of the 8th International Veterinary Immunology Symposium (8 th IVIS) held August 15th-19th, 2007, in Ouro Preto,...
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Dodeen, Hamzeh; Abdelfattah, Faisal; Shumrani, Saleh; Hilal, Maher Abu
2012-01-01
This study focused on comparing mathematics teachers' qualifications, practices, and perceptions between Saudi and Taiwanese schools. Data analyzed in this study were the responses of mathematics teachers to the Teacher Background Questionnaire--8th Grade from the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) in 2007. The Saudi…
The Effects of Teacher Collaboration in Grade 9 Applied Mathematics
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Egodawatte, Gunawardena; McDougall, Douglas; Stoilescu, Dorian
2011-01-01
The current emphasis of many mathematics education reform documents is on the need to change the environment of mathematics classrooms from the transmission of knowledge by the teacher to the transaction of knowledge between the teacher and the students which promotes mathematical investigation and exploration. In this article, we discuss the…
Mathematics & Economics: Connections for Life, Grades 6-8.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hoff, Jody; McCorkle, Sarapage; Suiter, Mary; Bettendorf, James; Breidenbach, Lisa; Cornwell, Pamela
This book contains a set of 12 lessons for middle school students that demonstrate how mathematical processes and concepts may be applied to the study of economics and personal finance. Mathematics educators can find lessons connecting mathematics instruction to practical problems and issues that students encounter throughout their life. The…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Yates, Tracy Hardwell
2014-01-01
The purpose of this correlational study was to examine the relationship among the mathematical self-efficacies, mathematical teaching self-efficacies, and instructional practices of elementary teachers. This study was also designed to determine how these variables influence an individual teacher's QDI in relation to MCT2 math scores in grades 3-5.…
Confidence Wagering during Mathematics and Science Testing
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Jack, Brady Michael; Liu, Chia-Ju; Chiu, Hoan-Lin; Shymansky, James A.
2009-01-01
This proposal presents the results of a case study involving five 8th grade Taiwanese classes, two mathematics and three science classes. These classes used a new method of testing called confidence wagering. This paper advocates the position that confidence wagering can predict the accuracy of a student's test answer selection during…
Conceptions of Mathematics in Different Ability and Achievement Groups among 7th Grade Students
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lepmann, Lea; Afanasjev, Juri
2005-01-01
This report deals with 7th grade pupils' conceptions of mathematics, its learning and teaching. The report focuses on the identification and comparison of views expressed by pupil groups of different mathematical ability and achievement. The analysis is based on the results of the ability tests, subject tests and a questionnaire conducted among…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Park, Gregory; Lubinski, David; Benbow, Camilla P.
2013-01-01
Using data from a 40-year longitudinal study, the authors examined 3 related hypotheses about the effects of grade skipping on future educational and occupational outcomes in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). From a combined sample of 3,467 mathematically precocious students (top 1%), a combination of exact and propensity…
Developing Fluency in the Mathematical Register through Conversation in a Tenth-Grade Classroom
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Temple, Codruta; Doerr, Helen M.
2012-01-01
The purpose of this study was to identify the interactional strategies that one teacher used in a discourse-rich tenth-grade classroom to develop her students' facility with the mathematical register. Viewing the mathematical register as multi-semiotic and having a specific grammatical patterning, we used discourse analysis (Sinclair & Coulthard,…
Investigating Lebanese Grade Seven Biology Teachers Mathematical Knowledge and Skills: A Case Study
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Raad, Nawal Abou; Chatila, Hanadi
2016-01-01
This paper investigates Lebanese grade 7 biology teachers' mathematical knowledge and skills, by exploring how they explain a visual representation in an activity depending on the mathematical concept "Function". Twenty Lebanese in-service biology teachers participated in the study, and were interviewed about their explanation for the…
SCOPE (Standardized Curriculum-Oriented Pupil Evaluation) Mathematics. Test Book Grade Six.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Northwest Territories Dept. of Education, Yellowknife. Programs and Evaluation Branch.
The SCOPE Mathematics Achievement Test booklet for grade 6 presents 12 mathematical concepts with instructions for students to take the test with little or no teacher direction. Testing items are: dividing with remainder, up to a six digit dividend by a three digit divisor; using correct order of operations in three-step problems; applying…
Effects of Grade Retention on Achievement and Self-Concept in Science and Mathematics
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ehmke, Timo; Drechsel, Barbara; Carstensen, Claus H.
2010-01-01
The study analyzes the effects of grade repetition on science and mathematics achievement and on self-concept in mathematics using longitudinal data from a representative sample of 9th graders in Germany. Same-age comparisons were applied between three groups: (a) the retained students, (b) a matched group of promoted students, and (c) the entire…
Early Numeracy Intervention Program for First-Grade Students with Mathematics Difficulties
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bryant, Diane Pedrotty; Bryant, Brian R.; Roberts, Greg; Vaughn, Sharon; Pfannenstiel, Kathleen Hughes; Porterfield, Jennifer; Gersten, Russell
2011-01-01
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of an early numeracy preventative Tier 2 intervention on the mathematics performance of first-grade students with mathematics difficulties. Researchers used a pretest-posttest control group design with randomized assignment of 139 students to the Tier 2 treatment condition and 65 students to…
Grade 9 Pilot Test. Mathematics. June 1988 = 9e Annee Test Pilote. Mathematiques. Juin 1988.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.
This pilot test for ninth grade mathematics is written in both French and English. The test consists of 75 multiple-choice items. Students are given 90 minutes to complete the examination and the use of a calculator is highly recommended. The test content covers a wide range of mathematical topics including: decimals; exponents; arithmetic word…
The Autonomy to Choose--The Case of Ninth-Grade Mathematics Students
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lavy, Ilana; Zarfin, Orly
2013-01-01
In this study we explored the effects of providing ninth-grade students with the chance to take part in decision making concerning the mathematics level they would be assigned to in high school. Decisions concerned their self-competence regarding their mathematical abilities, their learning goals and the class atmosphere. The students were taught…
Testing Technology: Administrating Formative Mathematics Assessments in Kindergarten and First Grade
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hill-Cunningham, Pamela Renee
2012-01-01
Research was conducted to examine the effectiveness of the use of handheld technology to administer mathematics assessments in kindergarten and 1 st grade classes in North Carolina. This research was a review of secondary data from the first year of implementation of the Mathematics Assessment Pilot Project conducted by the North Carolina…
Multiple Perspectives on the Development of an Eighth-Grade Mathematical Discourse Community
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mendez, Edith Prentice; Sherin, Miriam Gamoran; Louis, David A.
2007-01-01
In this article we examine the development, over 1 year, of mathematical discourse communities in 2 eighth-grade mathematics classes in a suburban public middle school. The curriculum topics included probability, functions, graphing, data analysis, and pre-algebra. The 50 students were heterogeneously placed; most were from upper-middle-class…
A Study of Placement and Grade Prediction in First College Mathematics Courses
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Madison, Bernard L.; Linde, Cassandra S.; Decker, Blake R.; Rigsby, E. Myron; Dingman, Shannon W.; Stegman, Charles E.
2015-01-01
A college mathematics placement test with 25 basic algebra items and 15 calculus readiness items was administered to 1572 high school seniors, and first college mathematics course grades were obtained for 319 of these students. Test results indicated that more than two thirds of the high school graduates were not college ready, and the test…
SCOPE (Standardized Curriculum-Oriented Pupil Evaluation) Mathematics. Test Book Grade Four.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Northwest Territories Dept. of Education, Yellowknife. Programs and Evaluation Branch.
The SCOPE Mathematics Achievement Test booklet for grade 4 presents 11 mathematical concepts with instructions for students to take the test with little or no teacher direction. Testing items are: writing number words to 100; giving the place value of any digit and using this to write in expanded form; finding a numeral between two given numerals…
Fifth-Grade Students' Use and Preferences for Mathematically and Practically Based Explanations
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Levenson, Esther
2010-01-01
This paper focuses on fifth-grade students' use and preference for mathematically (MB) and practically based (PB) explanations within two mathematical contexts: parity and equivalent fractions. Preference was evaluated based on three parameters: the explanation (1) was convincing, (2) would be used by the student in class, and (3) was one that the…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Morgan, Paul L.; Farkas, George; Maczuga, Steve
2015-01-01
We used population-based, longitudinal data to investigate the relation between mathematics instructional practices used by first-grade teachers in the United States and the mathematics achievement of their students. Factor analysis identified four types of instructional activities (i.e., teacher-directed, student-centered,…
Class Size Effects on Fourth-Grade Mathematics Achievement: Evidence from TIMSS 2011
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Li, Wei; Konstantopoulos, Spyros
2016-01-01
Class size reduction policies have been widely implemented around the world in recent years. However, findings about the effects of class size on student achievement have been mixed. This study examines class size effects on fourth-grade mathematics achievement in 14 European countries using data from TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and…
Democratizing Access to Core Mathematics across Grades 9-12
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hegedus, Stephen; Dalton, Sara; Brookstein, Arden; Tapper, John; Heller, Eric
2011-01-01
The authors' proposed work builds upon 12+ years of research collectively known as the "SimCalc Projects." SimCalc Connected MathWorlds (SCM) combines two innovative technological ingredients to address core mathematical ideas in deep and sustainable ways for mathematics learners. Software that addresses content issues through dynamic…
Learning Mathematics in First-Grade Classrooms: On Whose Authority?
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hamm, Jill V.; Perry, Michelle
2002-01-01
The present investigation focused on classroom discourse processes and participatory structures that grant sources of mathematical authority. In general, teachers firmly and with few exceptions positioned themselves as the sole mathematical authority in classrooms. There was, however, one significant exception in one classroom that provided a…
Eighth Grade Assessment of Mathematics and Reading. 1989 Summary Report.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem.
In February 1989, statewide assessment tests in reading, mathematics, and writing were given to a sample of eighth graders throughout Oregon. The results and analyses of reading and mathematics assessments are presented. Important trends are described based on the analysis of data from 1985, 1987, and 1989. The 1989 information provides the first…
Factors Influencing Mathematic Problem-Solving Ability of Sixth Grade Students
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Pimta, Sakorn; Tayraukham, Sombat; Nuangchalerm, Prasart
2009-01-01
Problem statement: This study aims to investigate factors influencing mathematic problem-solving ability of sixth grade students. One thousand and twenty eight of sixth grade students, studying in the second semester of academic year 2007 were sampled by stratified random sampling technique. Approach: The research instruments used in the study…
The Intersection of Middle-Grade Teachers' Beliefs regarding Mathematics and Adolescents
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Douglass, Lisa Ann
2009-01-01
The aim of this study was to gain an enhanced understanding of middle-grade teachers' beliefs about adolescents and teaching mathematics. The participants were three veteran middle-grade teachers in different school districts who were purposively selected by the researcher. Data collection methods included semi-structured interviews, observations…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bruce-Simmons, Christine
2013-01-01
This study examined the impact of computer-assisted instruction on the mathematics performance of underachieving fifth-grade students in a rural school district in South Carolina. The instructional technology program ([IF) is South Carolina's response to addressing the needs of its young, struggling math students. The 449 fifth-grade students in…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Powell, David V.
2004-01-01
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of environmental conditions of adult literacy and demographics prevalent during infancy and early childhood on mathematics and language arts literacy scores on eighth grade achievement tests. This study collected published scores for eighth grade math and language literacy from public schools…
Math Play Therapy. Volume II. CSMP Mathematics for the Intermediate Grades.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Papy, Frederique
This material is the result of 1 year of experimental work during the 1976-77 school year with pupils at the fifth-grade level. Once a week students participated in half-hour, small-group sessions in addition to their regular classroom mathematics period. It is felt that the activities described might be appropriate for additional grade levels. It…
The Importance of Number Sense to Mathematics Achievement in First and Third Grades
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Jordan, Nancy C.; Glutting, Joseph; Ramineni, Chaitanya
2010-01-01
Children's symbolic number sense was examined at the beginning of first grade with a short screen of competencies related to counting, number knowledge, and arithmetic operations. Conventional mathematics achievement was then assessed at the end of both first and third grades. Controlling for age and cognitive abilities (i.e., language, spatial,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Yates, Ronald W.; Beaudrie, Brian
2009-01-01
This study compared the impact of proctoring on the final course grades of community college students enrolled in distance education mathematics courses. The goal was to determine whether distance education students who are evaluated entirely online, in environments that are not proctored, receive grades that differ from distance education…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
McLeod, Kevin; Huinker, Deann
2007-01-01
There has been much debate in recent years as to the amount and type of mathematical knowledge that teachers need to acquire. One set of recommendations is provided by the Mathematical Education of Teachers (MET) report, produced jointly by the American Mathematical Society and the Mathematical Association of America. This paper reports on efforts…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Jordan, Nancy C.; Glutting, Joseph; Ramineni, Chaitanya; Watkins, Marley W.
2010-01-01
Using a longitudinal design, children were given a brief number sense screener (NSB) screener (N = 204) over six time points, from the beginning of kindergarten to the middle of first grade. The NSB is based on research showing the importance of number competence (number, number relations, and number operations) for success in mathematics.…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Raines, Roy H.
The effectiveness of a basic college mathematics course consisting of lecture-discussion classroom procedures and homework assignments from a traditional text was compared to the effectiveness of a course designed to combat low grade achievement and a high dropout rate by allowing for individual differences. The revised course consisted of…
Hassinger-Das, Brenna; Jordan, Nancy C.; Glutting, Joseph; Irwin, Casey; Dyson, Nancy
2013-01-01
Domain general skills that mediate the relation between kindergarten number sense and first-grade mathematics skills were investigated. Participants were 107 children who displayed low number sense in the fall of kindergarten. Controlling for background variables, multiple regression analyses showed that attention problems and executive functioning both were unique predictors of mathematics outcomes. Attention problems were more important for predicting first-grade calculation performance while executive functioning was more important for predicting first-grade performance on applied problems. Moreover, both executive functioning and attention problems were unique partial mediators of the relationship between kindergarten and first-grade mathematics skills. The results provide empirical support for developing interventions that target executive functioning and attention problems in addition to instruction in number skills for kindergartners with initial low number sense. PMID:24237789
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Dogbey, James; Kersaint, Gladis
2012-01-01
This study investigated the development of the concept of variables in middle grades mathematics textbooks during four eras of mathematics education in the United States. Findings revealed that each of the middle grades mathematics curricula examined used variables, but in varied proportions and levels of complexity. Formal definitions for…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Elmore, Patricia B.; And Others
This study investigated the relationship between attitudes toward mathematics, career interests, and parent variables measured at grade eight and attitudes toward mathematics and career interests as measured at grade twelve. The longitudinal nature of the study will help to determine changes in mathematics attitudes and career interests from the…
An Evaluation of Grades 9 and 10 Mathematics Textbooks vis-a-vis Fostering Problem Solving Skills
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Buishaw, Alemayehu; Ayalew, Assaye
2013-01-01
This study sought to evaluate the adequacy of integration of problematic situations and general problem-solving strategies (heuristics) in grades 9 and 10 mathematics textbooks. Grade 9 and grade 10 mathematics textbooks were used for analysis. Document analysis and interview were used as data gathering instruments. Document analysis was carried…
Passolunghi, M Chiara; Mammarella, Irene C; Altoe, Gianmarco
2008-01-01
The present longitudinal study was designed to investigate precursors of mathematics achievement in children. A total of 72 children were tested at both the beginning and end of first and second grades on measures of the following cognitive abilities: phonology, counting skills, short-term memory, working memory, and verbal and performance IQ. Path analysis models revealed differences in the variables predicting mathematics skills of first and second graders. Specifically, in first graders both short-term and working memory measures mediated the role of verbal IQ in predicting mathematics skills. Also, there was a direct relationship between performance IQ and mathematics at first grade. In contrast, in the longitudinal model, working memory measured both in first and second grades predicted mathematics achievement, whereas the relationship between performance IQ and mathematics disappeared. In conclusion, the results demonstrated that mathematics learning is predicted not by phonology or counting skills and that working memory is a plausible mediator in predicting mathematics achievement in primary school age children. PMID:18473198
Secondary Textbook Review: General Mathematics. Grades Nine through Twelve.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lundin, Janet, Ed.; And Others
This publication is intended to serve as a resource for teachers who are responsible for selecting textbooks for general mathematics courses in high school. Contained are 18 factual textbook reviews. (The reviews do not contain assessments about the quality of the books). Each review includes four parts. Part 1 contains information furnished by…
Web-Based Mathematics Progress Monitoring in Second Grade
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Salaschek, Martin; Souvignier, Elmar
2014-01-01
We examined a web-based mathematics progress monitoring tool for second graders. The tool monitors the learning progress of two competences, number sense and computation. A total of 414 students from 19 classrooms in Germany were checked every 3 weeks from fall to spring. Correlational analyses indicate that alternate-form reliability was adequate…
PARCC Model Content Frameworks: Mathematics--Grades 3-11
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (NJ1), 2011
2011-01-01
As part of its proposal to the U.S. Department of Education, the Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC) committed to developing model content frameworks for mathematics to serve as a bridge between the Common Core State Standards and the PARCC assessments. The PARCC Model Content Frameworks were developed through a…
Bryant, Brian R; Bryant, Diane Pedrotty; Porterfield, Jennifer; Dennis, Minyi Shih; Falcomata, Terry; Valentine, Courtney; Brewer, Chelsea; Bell, Kathy
2016-01-01
The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a systematic, explicit, intensive Tier 3 (tertiary) intervention on the mathematics performance of students in second grade with severe mathematics difficulties. A multiple-baseline design across groups of participants showed improved mathematics performance on number and operations concepts and procedures, which are the foundation for later mathematics success. In the previous year, 12 participants had experienced two doses (first and second semesters) of a Tier 2 intervention. In second grade, the participants continued to demonstrate low performance, falling below the 10th percentile on a researcher-designed universal screener and below the 16th percentile on a distal measure, thus qualifying for the intensive intervention. A project interventionist, who met with the students 5 days a week for 10 weeks (9 weeks for one group), conducted the intensive intervention. The intervention employed more intensive instructional design features than the previous Tier 2 secondary instruction, and also included weekly games to reinforce concepts and skills from the lessons. Spring results showed significantly improved mathematics performance (scoring at or above the 25th percentile) for most of the students, thus making them eligible to exit the Tier 3 intervention.
Advanced Placement Mathematics Calculus, Grade 12 Curriculum Guide.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Scharf, John; And Others
This document is a guide to the advanced placement program in calculus for grade 12 in the city schools in Warren, Ohio. The program covers analytic geometry, differential and integral calculus of algebraic functions, elementary transcendental functions, and applications of differentiation and integration. The philosophy and aims of the program…
SCOPE (Standardized Curriculum-Oriented Pupil Evaluation) Mathematics. Test Book Grade Three.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Northwest Territories Dept. of Education, Yellowknife. Programs and Evaluation Branch.
Following instructions provided in the teacher's manual, the SCOPE Mathematics Achievement Test booklet for grade 3 presents 11 mathematical concepts. Testing items include: skip counting by 2's, 5's, and 10's to 100, 3's to 30, and 4's to 40; writing number words to 20; identifying and naming 100's, 10's, and 1's in three-digit numerals; reading…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Jitendra, Asha K.; Dupuis, Danielle N.; Rodriguez, Michael C.; Zaslofsky, Anne F.; Slater, Susan; Cozine-Corroy, Kelly; Church, Chris
2013-01-01
This study compared the effects of delivering a supplemental, small-group tutoring intervention on the mathematics outcomes of third-grade students at risk for mathematics difficulties (MD) who were randomly assigned to either a schema-based instruction (SBI) or control group. SBI emphasized the underlying mathematical structure of additive…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Platas, Linda M.; Ketterlin-Geller, Leanne R.; Sitabkhan, Yasmin
2016-01-01
This paper describes the development and intended uses of the Early Grades Mathematics Assessment (EGMA), which measures essential early mathematical knowledge and skills that are foundational to more sophisticated mathematical abilities, predictive of later achievement, and teachable. Administering the EGMA can provide policy makers,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Martin, Bruce; Bright, Alan; Cafaro, Philip; Mittelstaedt, Robin; Bruyere, Brett
2008-01-01
This study attempted to assess the development of environmental virtue in 7th and 8th grade students in an Expeditionary Learning Outward Bound school. The purpose of this study was twofold. First, the researchers were interested in introducing a virtue ethics perspective into their teaching of environmental ethics. Second, the researchers were…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Fong, Anthony B.; Huang, Min; Goel, Aditi M.
2008-01-01
This study examines the links between Nevada's grade 12 mathematics courses and remedial mathematics courses in Nevada's public colleges and universities. It analyzes remediation rates by students' highest grade 12 mathematics course level and mathematics grade point average and by various student and school characteristics. The study was guided…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Sternberg, Robert J.; Jarvin, Linda; Birney, Damian P.; Naples, Adam; Stemler, Steven E.; Newman, Tina; Otterbach, Renate; Parish, Carolyn; Randi, Judy; Grigorenko, Elena L.
2014-01-01
This study addressed whether prior successes with educational interventions grounded in the theory of successful intelligence could be replicated on a larger scale as the primary basis for instruction in language arts, mathematics, and science. A total of 7,702 4th-grade students in the United States, drawn from 223 elementary school classrooms in…
Sex Stereotyping in Selected Mathematics Textbooks for Grades Two, Four, and Six.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Jay, Winifred Tom
The purpose of this study was to analyze the sex stereotyping in selected mathematics textbooks for grades two, four, and six. Twelve textbooks which appear on Hawaii's Approved Instructional Material List were chosen. As units of measure, the following four categories were delineated: (1) selected items of interest for classification according to…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kurdek, Lawrence A.; Sinclair, Ronald J.
2001-01-01
Examined age and gender differences in verbal skills and visuomotor skills at kindergarten, in achievement in reading and mathematics at Grade four, and the link between skills at kindergarten and later achievement. Readiness in auditory memory and verbal associations predicted later reading achievement while readiness in number skills and visual…
A Supplementary Program for Environmental Education, Mathematics, Grade 5-6.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Warpinski, Robert
Presented in these teacher's guides for grades five and six are lesson plans and ideas for integrating mathematics and environmental education. Each lesson originates with a fundamental concept pertaining to the environment and states, in addition, its discipline area, subject area, and problem orientation. Following this, behavioral objectives…
A Supplementary Program for Environmental Education, Mathematics, Grade 2-4.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Warpinski, Robert
Presented in these teacher's guides for grades two through four are lesson plans and ideas for integrating mathematics and environmental education. Each lesson originates with a fundamental concept pertaining to the environment and states, in addition, its discipline area, subject area, and problem orientation. Following this, behavioral…
A Supplementary Program for Environmental Education, Mathematics, Grade 7-8.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Warpinski, Robert
Presented in these teacher's guides for grades seven and eight are lesson plans and ideas for integrating mathematics and environmental education. Each lesson originates with a fundamental concept pertaining to the environment and states, in addition, its discipline area, subject area, and problem orientation. Following this, behavioral objectives…
A Supplementary Program for Environmental Education, Mathematics, Grade 10-12.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Warpinski, Robert
Presented in this teacher's guide for grades 10-12 are lesson plans and ideas for integrating mathematics and environmental education. Each lesson originates with a fundamental concept pertaining to the environment and states, in addition, its discipline area, subject area, and problem orientation. Following this, behavioral objectives and…
A Description of Fourth Grade Children's Problem-Solving in Mathematics
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Brennan, Martha K.; Rule, Ann M.; Walmsley, Angela L. E.; Swanson, Joy R.
2010-01-01
This preliminary study described fourth grade students verbally solving a mathematics problem using a think-aloud protocol. Comments in the think aloud were categorized according to type (e.g., paraphrases and elaborations) and facilitative nature (i.e., whether the comments facilitated correct solution of the problem). Amount of the students'…
An Introduction to Mathematics of Grades K to 2. Teacher's Manual and Answer Key.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Haag, Vincent H.; Hammond, Robert P.
This manual is designed for use in inservice work with teachers preparing to use the Comprehensive School Mathematics Program (CSMP) in grades K-2, and as a resource guide for later use. In it, the nonstandard topics used in the CSMP primary program are developed through discussion and a variety of exercises. These topics include the minicomputer…
Mathematics Curriculum Outline and Sample Activities for Gifted Students Grades 2 through 8.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Barson, Alan; And Others
This document includes a statement of 11 basic considerations for a mathematics curriculum for the gifted in grades two through eight and a series of activities appropriate for such a curriculum. The activities are grouped under five strands: (1) logic; (2) combinations (combinatorics), probability, introduction to statistics; (3) geometry,…
Accelerated Mathematics and High-Ability Students' Math Achievement in Grades Three and Four
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Stanley, Ashley M.
2011-01-01
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the use of a computer-managed integrated learning system entitled Accelerated Math (AM) as a supplement to traditional mathematics instruction on achievement as measured by TerraNova achievement tests of third and fourth grade high-ability students. Gender, socioeconomic status, and…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Nelson, Karen Ann
2014-01-01
The purpose of this quantitative, causal-comparative study was to examine the application of the teaching and learning theory of social constructivism in order to determine if mathematics instruction provided in a departmentalized classroom setting at the fifth grade level resulted in a statistically significant difference in student achievement…
Impact of Student Calculator Use on the 2013 NAEP Twelfth-Grade Mathematics Assessment
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Klecker, Beverly M.; Klecker, Richard L.
2014-01-01
This descriptive research study examined 2013 NAEP 12th-grade mathematics scores by students' use of graphing calculators in math classes and the kind of calculator students used during NAEP assessment. NAEP Data Explorer analysis included two questions from Student Factors: How often do you use these different kinds of calculators in math…
The Effect of Single Gender Instruction on Eighth Grade Students' Mathematics Achievement
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hammel, David Michael
2013-01-01
In the research study, this investigator utilized a non-experimental, causal-comparative design (ex post facto) with archival data to determine the real impact single gender instruction had on eighth grade students' mathematics achievement. The purpose of this study was to quantitatively analyze the benefits of single gender mathematics…
Mathematics 33: Grade 12 Diploma Examination = Mathematiques 33: Examen en vue du diplome 12 annee.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.
This document, in both English and French versions, is the Mathematics 33 Grade 12 Diploma Examination from Alberta Education. It is a 2.5 hour closed-book examination consisting of 37 multiple-choice and 12 numerical-response questions of equal value that are worth 70% of the examination, and 4 written-response questions of equal value worth 30%…
Partial Credit Analysis of Mathematics Items from the Ohio-Off Grade Proficiency Tests.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Dimitrov, Dimiter M.
The Ohio Off-Grade Proficiency Tests help in monitoring students' progress toward Ohio's adapted model courses of study in reading, mathematics, citizenship, science, and writing. The purpose of this study was to provide item response theory (IRT) parameter estimates and descriptive statistics of the scoring categories of the short-response items…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kariuki, Patrick N.; Morris, Dustin A.
2013-01-01
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between reading comprehension scores and conceptual mathematics scores of third grade students at a selected elementary school. The sample consisted of 27 students of which 15 were females and 12 were males. Data were collected using a teacher made conceptual math exam and the scores from…
The Computer as a Teaching Aid for Eleventh Grade Mathematics: A Comparison Study.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kieren, Thomas Ervin
To determine the effect of learning computer programming and the use of a computer on mathematical achievement of eleventh grade students, for each of two years, average and above average students were randomly assigned to an experimental and control group. The experimental group wrote computer programs and used the output from the computer in…
Influence of Property School Wealth on Fifth Grade Student Achievement in Reading and Mathematics
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Reyna, Jesus R.
2015-01-01
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether, or to what extent, property wealth of the upper and lower 5% districts, per pupil expenditure, limited English proficient students, economically disadvantaged students, membership, and teacher experience contribute to student achievement in 5th grade reading and mathematics. To do this, the…
Students' Learning Assessment Practices Used by Jordanian Teachers of Mathematics for Grades (1-6)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Abed, Eman Rasmi; Abu Awwad, Ferial Mohammad
2016-01-01
This study aims to investigate the students' learning assessment practices used by Jordanian teachers of mathematics for grades (1-6) in Amman. The sample of the study consists of (402) teachers. A questionnaire of (72) items are developed on four domains, namely: questions, homework, exams, and alternative strategies. Validity and reliability are…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Schwinger, Malte; Wild, Elke
2012-01-01
This study examined the longitudinal trajectories of achievement goal profiles in mathematics from third to seventh grade in a sample of 302 German students. Latent profile analyses were conducted separately for each school year and revealed three subgroups of students with distinct goal profiles labeled high multiple goals, moderate multiple…
Students' Discourse When Working in Pairs with Etoys in an Eighth-Grade Mathematics Class
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
DeJarnette, Anna F.
2016-01-01
I examined students' discourse while working in pairs at the computer in an eighth-grade mathematics class to understand how students kept track of the people and things they discussed. I found that students most often referenced themselves and objects within the environment, through references to shared knowledge and the representations on the…
Examining Differences in Mathematics and Reading Achievement among Grade 5 Pupils in Vietnam
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hungi, Njora
2008-01-01
This study employed a multilevel technique to examine pupil-, school- and province-level factors that influence achievement in mathematics and reading of Grade 5 primary school pupils in Vietnam. The data for this study were collected as part of a major survey that sought to examine the quality of education offered in Vietnam primary schools.…
Navigating through Mathematical Connections in Grades 9-12. Navigation Series
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, 2006
2006-01-01
Making connections becomes increasingly important as students proceed through middle school and high school. This book shows ways of embedding connective processes in instruction in grades 9-12. Problems invite mathematical modeling, unify diverse content, call for different representations, and encourage students to look back at their work to…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Cornelius, Annette Sargent
2013-01-01
The purpose of this quantitative study was to investigate the effectiveness of a system-wide Response to Intervention (RTI) program on the mathematical achievement of seventh and eighth grade students. The study consisted of five district schools with a total of 502 participants. The students were identified as belonging to one of two tiers, which…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ramdass, Darshanand H.
2009-01-01
This primary goal of this study was to investigate the effects of strategy training and self-reflection, two subprocesses of Zimmerman's cyclical model of self-regulation, on fifth grade students' mathematics performance, self-efficacy, self-evaluation, and calibration measures of self-efficacy bias, self-efficacy accuracy, self-evaluation bias,…
An Investigation of Learning Styles Influencing Mathematics Achievement of Seventh-Grade Students
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Sriphai, Sunan; Damrongpanit, Suntonrapot; Sakulku, Jaruwan
2011-01-01
This study aims to investigate the effect of learning styles, as well as compare the effect of two different variable structure models of learning styles on factors influencing mathematics achievement. The research sample was made up of 508 seventh-grade students. The findings were that the model including learning styles as factors influencing…
Effective Instructional Strategies for Kindergarten and First-Grade Students at Risk in Mathematics
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Clarke, Ben; Doabler, Christian T.; Nelson, Nancy J.; Shanley, Caroline
2015-01-01
This article provides an overview of effective instructional strategies and interventions for kindergarten and first-grade students at risk in mathematics. The article reviews instructional strategies and interventions within a multitier instructional model in order to provide a framework for teachers and schools looking to increase the…
Two Fifth Grade Teachers' Use of Real-World Situations in Science and Mathematics Lessons
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Yanik, H. Bahadir; Serin, Gokhan
2016-01-01
The purpose of this study was to investigate the types, sources, and cognitive levels of tasks that included real-life situations used in science and mathematics lessons in the classrooms of two 5th-grade teachers at an urban elementary school in Turkey. A qualitative approach was used to analyze data that included classroom observations, teacher…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Staples, Megan E.; Bartlo, Joanna; Thanheiser, Eva
2012-01-01
Justification is a core mathematics practice. Although the purposes of justification in the mathematician community have been studied extensively, we know relatively little about its role in K-12 classrooms. This paper documents the range of purposes identified by 12 middle grades teachers who were working actively to incorporate justification…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Geldenhuys, J. L.; Kruger, C.; Moss, J.
2013-01-01
In 2006, Mathematical Literacy (ML) and Life Orientation (LO) were introduced into South Africa's Grade 10 national curriculum. The implementation of the ML programme in schools stemmed from a need to improve the level of numeracy of the general population of South Africa, while LO was introduced to equip learners to solve problems and to make…
Increasing Equity and Achievement in Fifth Grade Mathematics: The Contribution of Content Exposure
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ottmar, Erin R.; Konold, Timothy R.; Berry, Robert Q.; Grissmer, David W.; Cameron, Claire E.
2013-01-01
This study uses a large nationally representative data set (ECLS-K) of 5,181 students to examine the extent to which exposure to content and instructional practice contributes to mathematics achievement in fifth grade. Using hierarchical linear modeling, results suggest that more exposure to content beyond numbers and operations (i.e., geometry,…
Walking around the Curriculum Tree: An Analysis of a Third/Fourth-Grade Mathematics Lesson
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ross, Vicki
2003-01-01
This study, part of a narrative classroom inquiry into the teaching and learning of mathematics in a Canadian elementary classroom, emerges from the three years I was a participant-observer in Janine O'Neil's 3rd/4th-grade classroom at Bay Street Community School. Drawing on the curriculum commonplaces of teacher, social milieu, subject matter,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Dulama, Maria Eliza; Magda?, Ioana
2014-01-01
In this paper, we analyze some aspects related to "Mathematics and Environmental Exploration" subject syllabus for preparatory grade approved by Minister of National Education of Romania. The analysis aim the place of the subject syllabus into the Framework Plan; the syllabus structure and the argumentation of studying this subject; the…
Effectiveness of Blended Teaching Strategy on the Achievement of Third Grade Students in Mathematics
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Yaghmour, Kholoud Subhi
2016-01-01
The study aimed to investigate the Blended Education strategy in the achievement of the third grade students in mathematics. The study sample consisted of (97) male and female students distributed on four classes: (47) male and female students in the experimental group and (50) male and female students in the control group. To achieve the…
Cognitive Level of Development and Mathematical Fluency of First Grade Children
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wubbena, Zane C.
2010-01-01
This study was designed to investigate the cognitive level of development and mathematical fluency of first grade children. A total of (N = 100) 6- and 7-year-olds from two low socioeconomic level elementary schools participated in this study. Piaget's conservation-of-liquid task was administered to children to determine their cognitive level of…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Polly, Drew; Martin, Christie S.; Wang, Chuang; Lambert, Richard G.; Pugalee, David K.
2016-01-01
This study examines primary grades teachers' instructional decisions in their mathematics classroom during their participation in a year-long professional development program on formative assessment. Teachers participated in 40 h of face-to-face workshops followed by 40 h of classroom-embedded activities that were facilitated in an asynchronous…
Prediction of Error and Error Type in Computation of Sixth Grade Mathematics Students.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Baxter, Marion McComb
The study of computational errors among sixth grade students included identification and classification of errors, investigation of the effects of two feedback treatments and of classwork and homework on error patterns, and investigation of the relationships of error patterns with intelligence, mathematics achievement, attitudes toward…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Tunc-Pekkan, Zelha; D'Ambrosio, Beatriz S.
2009-01-01
This study examines the communication between pre-service teachers and sixth grade students in a project in which email was used for communication as students learned about fractions and were supported by the pre-service teachers. Specifically, the study investigated how the pre-service teachers applied their mathematical knowledge to understand…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Simsek, Irfan
2016-01-01
With this research, in Second Life environment which is a three dimensional online virtual world, it is aimed to reveal the effects of student attitudes toward mathematics courses and design activities which will enable the third grade students of secondary school (primary education seventh grade) to see the 3D objects in mathematics courses in a…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Clarke, Ben; Nese, Joseph F. T.; Alonzo, Julie; Smith, Jean Louise M.; Tindal, Gerald; Kame'enui, Edward J.; Baker, Scott K.
2011-01-01
The results from a year-long study to investigate the technical features of easyCBM mathematics screening measures for first grade are presented. Measures were designed based on the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics Curriculum Focal Point standards, which for Grade 1 include (a) Number and Operations and Algebra, (b) Number and…
Morgan, Paul L.; Farkas, George; Maczuga, Steve
2015-01-01
We used population-based, longitudinal data to investigate the relation between mathematics instructional practices used by 1st grade teachers in the U.S. and the mathematics achievement of their students. Factor analysis identified four types of instructional activities (i.e., teacher-directed, student-centered, manipulatives/calculators, movement/music) and eight types of specific skills taught (e.g., adding two-digit numbers). First-grade students were then classified into five groups on the basis of their fall and/or spring of kindergarten mathematics achievement—three groups with mathematics difficulties (MD) and two without MD. Regression analysis indicated that a higher percentage of MD students in 1st grade classrooms was associated with greater use by teachers of manipulatives/calculators and movement/music to teach mathematics. Yet follow-up analysis for each of the MD and non-MD groups indicated that only teacher-directed instruction was significantly associated with the achievement of students with MD (covariate-adjusted ESs = .05–.07). The largest predicted effect for a specific instructional practice was for routine practice and drill. In contrast, for both groups of non-MD students, teacher-directed and student-centered instruction had approximately equal, statistically significant positive predicted effects (covariate-adjusted ESs = .03–.04). First-grade teachers in the U.S. may need to increase their use of teacher-directed instruction if they are to raise the mathematics achievement of students with MD. PMID:26180268
Maker of SAT Aims New Test at 8th Graders
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Cech, Scott J.
2008-01-01
Officials at the New York City-based College Board last week rolled out their newest product: ReadiStep. No, it is not a new piece of exercise equipment or a whipped dessert topping--it is a test for 8th graders that some critics are calling a pre-PSAT, referring to the Preliminary SAT assessment taken by 9th and 10th graders and owned by the…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hong, Hee Kyung
2012-01-01
The purpose of this study was to simultaneously examine relationships between teacher quality and instructional time and mathematics and science achievement of 8th grade cohorts in 18 advanced and developing economies. In addition, the study examined changes in mathematics and science performance across the two groups of economies over time using…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Schmidt, William
2002-01-01
The Third International Mathematics and Science Survey (TIMSS) has tested large and representative samples of students from around the world to measure their math and science knowledge and skills. The results place U.S. 8th grade students below the international average in mathematics, with 20 countries scoring significantly higher than the U.S.…
The 8th Century Megadrought Across North America
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Stahle, D. W.; Therrell, M. D.; Cleaveland, M. K.; Fye, F. K.; Cook, E. R.; Grissino-Mayer, H. D.; Acuna-Soto, R.
2002-12-01
Tree-ring data suggest that the 8th and 16th century megadroughts may have been the most severe and sustained droughts to impact North America in the past 1500 years. The 16th century megadrought may have persisted for up to 40 years, and extended from the tropics to the boreal forest and from the Pacific to Atlantic coasts. Evidence for the 8th century drought is sparse, but tree-ring and lake sediment data indicate that this drought extended from the northern Great Plains, across the southwestern United States, and into central Mexico and the Yucatan peninsula. Tree-ring data from Colorado and New Mexico document severe drought from A.D. 735-765, and may provide accurate and precise dating for the onset of the epic droughts reconstructed during the late first millennium A.D. with sedimentary data from Elk Lake, Minnesota; Moon Lake, South Dakota; La Piscina de Yuriria, Guanajuato; and Lake Chichancanab, Yucatan. If these chronological refinements are correct, then the sedimentary records suggest much greater persistence to the 8th century megadrought than indicated by the very high resolution tree-ring data, and a strong second pulse of prolonged drought late in the first millennium. Analyses of instrumental precipitation and drought indices during the 20th century, along with tree-ring reconstructions of climate in Mexico and the Southwest, indicate that annual and decadal droughts can both simultaneously impact the entire region from New Mexico and Texas down into central Mexico. The intensity and large-scale impact of drought across this region seem to be greatest when La Nina conditions and the low phase of the North Pacific oscillation prevail. The tree-ring dated 8th century megadrought occurred near the decline of the Classic Period civilizations at Teotihuacan in central Mexico and in the Mayan region of the Yucatan. The 8th century megadrought may have interacted with anthropogenic environmental degradation, epidemic disease, and social upheaval to
Algebra for All: California’s Eighth-Grade Algebra Initiative as Constrained Curricula
Domina, Thurston; Penner, Andrew M.; Penner, Emily K.; Conley, Annemarie
2015-01-01
Background/Context Across the United States, secondary school curricula are intensifying as a growing proportion of students enroll in high-level academic math courses. In many districts, this intensification process occurs as early as eighth grade, where schools are effectively constraining their mathematics curricula by restricting course offerings and placing more students into Algebra I. This paper provides a quantitative single-case research study of policy-driven curricular intensification in one California school district. Research Questions (1a) What effect did 8th eighth grade curricular intensification have on mathematics course enrollment patterns in Towering Pines Unified schools? (2b) How did the distribution of prior achievement in Towering Pines math classrooms change as the district constrained the curriculum by universalizing 8th eighth grade Algebra? (3c) Did 8th eighth grade curricular intensification improve students’ mathematics achievement? Setting Towering Pines is an immigrant enclave in the inner-ring suburbs of a major metropolitan area. The district’s 10 middle schools together enroll approximately 4,000 eighth graders each year. The districts’ students are ethnically diverse and largely economically disadvantaged. The study draws upon administrative data describing 8th eighth graders in the district in the 2004–20-05 through 2007–20-08 school years. Intervention/Program/Practice During the study period, Towering Pines dramatically intensified middle school students’ math curricula: In the 2004–20-05 school year 32% of the district’s 8th eighth graders enrolled in Algebra or a higher- level mathematics course; by the 2007–20-08 school year that proportion had increased to 84%. Research Design We use an interrupted time-series design, comparing students’ 8th eighth grade math course enrollments, 10th grade math course enrollments, and 10th grade math test scores across the four cohorts, controlling for demographics and
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Schiller, Kathryn S.; Hunt, Donald J.
2011-01-01
Schools are institutions in which students' course taking creates series of linked learning opportunities continually shaped by not only curricular structures but demographic and academic backgrounds. In contrast to a seven-step normative course sequence reflecting the conventional hierarchical structure of mathematics, analysis of more than…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Cahan, Sorel; Greenbaum, Charles; Artman, Lavee; Deluya, Nilly; Gappel-Gilon, Yael
2008-01-01
Using the ''between-grade levels'' regression discontinuity design, this study examined the hypothesized differential sensitivity of logico-mathematical (LM) and infralogical (IL) operational tasks to the effects of chronological age and first grade schooling in a sample of 580 1st and 2nd grade Israeli children. The results indicate that the…
First-Grade Predictors of Mathematical Learning Disability: A Latent Class Trajectory Analysis
Geary, David C.; Bailey, Drew H.; Littlefield, Andrew; Wood, Phillip; Hoard, Mary K.; Nugent, Lara
2009-01-01
Kindergarten to 3rd grade mathematics achievement scores from a prospective study of mathematical development were subjected to latent growth trajectory analyses (n = 306). The four corresponding classes included children with mathematical learning disability (MLD, 6% of sample), and low (LA, 50%), typically (TA, 39%) and high (HA, 5%) achieving children. The groups were administered a battery of intelligence (IQ), working memory, and mathematical-cognition measures in 1st grade. The children with MLD had general deficits in working memory and IQ, and potentially more specific deficits on measures of number sense. The LA children did not have working memory or IQ deficits, but showed moderate deficits on these number sense measures and for addition fact retrieval. The distinguishing features of the HA children were a strong visuospatial working memory, a strong number sense, and frequent use of memory-based processes to solve addition problems. Implications for the early identification of children at risk for poor mathematics achievement are discussed. PMID:20046817
8th International Symposium on Supramolecular and Macrocyclic Chemistry
Davis, Jeffery T.
2015-09-18
This report summarizes the 8th International Conference on Supramolecular and Macrocyclic Chemistry (ISMSC-8). DOE funds were used to make it more affordable for students, post-docs and junior faculty to attend the conference by covering their registration costs. The conference was held in Crystal City, VA from July 7-11, 2013. See http://www.indiana.edu/~ismsc8/ for the conference website. ISMSC-8 encompassed the broad scope and interdisciplinary nature of the field. We met our goal to bring together leading scientists in molecular recognition and supramolecular chemistry. New research directions and collaborations resulted this conference. The DOE funding was crucial for us achieving our primary goal.
8th Conference Quark Confinement and the Hadron Spectrum
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
QCHS 2008, the 8th International Conferencee on Quark Cofinement and the Hadron Spectrum was held from 1 - 6 September 2008 in Mainz at the Johannes-Gutenberg University. This conference was the eighth in a series whose aim it is to bring together people working in QCD and strong-interaction dynamics. This year 206 scientists from 24 countries met in Mainz, for the first time in Germany. The scientific program of the Confinement Conference consisted of 33 plenary talks and parallel sessions covering the following topics: - Vaccuum Structure and Confinement - Light Quarks - Heavy Quarks - Deconfinement - QCD and New Physics - Nuclear and Astroparticle Physics
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Jitendra, Asha K.; Dupuis, Danielle N.; Zaslofsky, Anne F.
2014-01-01
This purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of a curriculum-based measure of word problem solving (CBM-WPS) as an indicator of performance and progress in a sample of 136 third-grade students at risk for mathematics difficulties (MDs) instructed in a standards-based mathematics curriculum. Students completed the CBM-WPS…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Jitendra, Asha K.; Rodriguez, Michael; Kanive, Rebecca; Huang, Ju-Ping; Church, Chris; Corroy, Kelly A.; Zaslofsky, Anne
2013-01-01
This intervention study compared the efficacy of small-group tutoring on the mathematics learning of third-grade students at risk for mathematics difficulty using either a school-provided standards-based curriculum (SBC) or a schema-based instruction (SBI) curriculum. The SBI curriculum placed particular emphasis on the underlying mathematical…
Class Size Effects on Mathematics Achievement in Cyprus: Evidence from TIMSS
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Konstantopoulos, Spyros; Shen, Ting
2016-01-01
Class size reduction has been viewed as one school mechanism that can improve student achievement. Nonetheless, the literature has reported mixed findings about class size effects. We used 4th- and 8th-grade data from TIMSS 2003 and 2007 to examine the association between class size and mathematics achievement in public schools in Cyprus. We…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Baltaci, Serdal
2016-01-01
It is a widely known fact that gifted students have different skills compared to their peers. However, to what extent gifted students use mathematical thinking skills during probability problem solving process emerges as a significant question. Thence, the main aim of the present study is to examine 8th grade gifted students' probability…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Koichu, Boris; Berman, Abraham; Moore, Michael
2007-01-01
The relationships between heuristic literacy development and mathematical achievements of middle school students were explored during a 5-month classroom experiment in two 8th grade classes (N = 37). By heuristic literacy we refer to an individual's capacity to use heuristic vocabulary in problem-solving discourse and to approach scholastic…
The Effect of Foreign Language Study in Tennessee Middle Schools on Mathematics Achievement
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Tobias, Keith S.
2012-01-01
This quantitative method, quasi-experimental design study examined the possible effect of foreign language study in Tennessee middle schools on mathematics achievement. The population was 1,708 historical student test scores of a single cohort spanning 6th through 8th Grades from the same schools within a large urban public school district. NCLB…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Higgins, Ryan M.
2013-01-01
In support of the national movement to improve mathematics instruction and assessment, states and districts are looking for the best tools to measure student progress toward proficiency. There is a national dialogue about how to use 8th-grade measurements like ACT EXPLORE and NAEP as predictors of student success and school accountability. This…
The Predictive Role of Teaching Styles on Omani Students' Mathematics Motivation
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Aldhafri, Said; Alrajhi, Marwa
2014-01-01
The current study explored the effects of two teaching styles, authoritative and authoritarian, on students' mathematics motivation. The two motivational constructs examined were intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Data were collected from 425 Omani 8th grade students (males = 202/females = 223, mean age = 13.44, SD = 0.79). Through two…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Colorado State Dept. of Education, Denver.
This document contains released reading comprehension passages, test items, and writing prompts from the Colorado Student Assessment Program for 2001. The sample questions and prompts are included without answers or examples of student responses. Test materials are included for: (1) Grade 4 Reading and Writing; (2) Grade 4 Lectura y Escritura…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Georgia State Dept. of Education, Atlanta. Office of Planning and Development.
Examples are given of criterion-referenced test items in mathematics and reading used at the sixth grade level in Georgia. Three skill areas are identified for mathematics: concept identification, component operations, and problem solving. Tests measure students' ability to: (1) recognize whole numbers, fractions, and decimals; (2) identify…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
O'Brien, Peter; Richardson, Arthur
This study focused on the way mathematics was taught in selected primary school classrooms. The study involved the observation of 21 fourth-grade classes in eight schools over a two-week period. Results indicated a hiatus between what was taught and what should be taught and between how mathematics is taught and how it should be taught.…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Nenthien, Sansanee; Loima, Jyrki
2016-01-01
The aims of this qualitative research were to investigate the level of motivation and learning of ninth grade students in mathematics classrooms in Thailand and to reveal how the teachers supported students' levels of motivation and learning. The participants were 333 students and 12 teachers in 12 mathematics classrooms from four regions of…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Shores, Melanie L.; Shannon, David M.; Smith, Tommy G.
2010-01-01
A total of 761 students (58.1% female) from selected fifth- and sixth-grade mathematics classrooms in Alabama were examined to investigate the relationships between individual learner variables (gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic status [SES]) and mathematics performance. Specifically, this portion of the study examined individual learner variables…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mattern, Krista D.; Patterson, Brian F.; Kobrin, Jennifer L.
2012-01-01
This study examined the validity of the SAT for predicting performance in first-year English and mathematics courses. Results reveal a significant positive relationship between SAT scores and course grades, with slightly higher correlations for mathematics courses compared to English courses. Correlations were estimated by student characteristics…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Iglesias-Sarmiento, Valentin; Deano, Manuel
2011-01-01
This investigation analyzed the relation between cognitive functioning and mathematical achievement in 114 students in fourth, fifth, and sixth grades. Differences in cognitive performance were studied concurrently in three selected achievement groups: mathematical learning disability group (MLD), low achieving group (LA), and typically achieving…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Damrongpanit, Suntonrapot; Reungtragul, Auyporn
2014-01-01
The purposes of this study were to explore students' learning styles and teachers' teaching styles and study the effects and interaction effects of learning styles and teaching styles on mathematics achievements. The subjects were 3,382 ninth-grade students and 110 mathematic teachers. The main results revealed that most students were…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Schrecongost, Jonette
This study analyzed the criteria used in Harrison County, WV, to select students to participate in an accelerated mathematics program. The program's main component is an eighth grade Algebra I course that enables the students to complete five years of college preparatory mathematics, ending with calculus. The scores used as selection criteria,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Martin, Michael O., Ed.; Mullis, Ina V. S., Ed.
2013-01-01
TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study) is an international assessment of mathematics and science at the fourth and eighth grades that has been conducted every four years since 1995, with the most recent assessment in 2011. PIRLS (Progress in International Reading Literacy Study) is an international assessment of reading…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Murata, Aki; Kattubadi, Sailaja
2012-01-01
In considering mathematics problem solving as a model-eliciting activity (Lesh & Doerr, 2003; Lesh & Harel, 2003; Lesh & Zawojewski, 2008), it is important to know "what" students are modeling for the problems: situations or solutions. This study investigated Grade 3 students' mathematization process by examining how they modeled different…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Reynolds, Betty Gulin
2010-01-01
The purpose of this study was to determine to what extent digital portfolios would affect mathematics achievement, attitudes, and self-perceptions of themselves as mathematics learners of sixth-, seventh-, and eighth-grade students. The study analyzed the effect of digital portfolios on the students' performance on the Iowa Test of Basic Skills.…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Doerr, Helen M.; Temple, Codruta
2016-01-01
Through a qualitative analysis of data collected over four years of design-based research on the implementation of a reform-oriented mathematics curriculum, this study describes two sixth-grade teachers' changing views of the role and place of reading in mathematics instruction. The findings reveal the evolution of the teachers' perspective on…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Nejem, Khamis Mousa; Muhanna, Wafa
2013-01-01
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of using computer games in teaching mathematics on developing the number sense of fourth grade students. To achieve this purpose a study sample of (81) students was selected from the fourth grade. This sample was divided into two groups. One group was randomly chosen to be the experimental…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Alshehri, Mohammed Ali; Ali, Hassan Shawki
2016-01-01
This study aimed to investigate the compatibility of developed mathematics textbooks' content (grades 6-8) in Saudi Arabia with NCTM standards in the areas of: number and operations, algebra, geometry, measurement, data analysis and probability. To achieve that goal, a list of (NCTM) standards for grades (6-8) were translated to Arabic language,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rathbone, A. Sue
Possible gender differences in attitudes toward mathematics were studied between low-achieving and high-achieving fifth-grade students in selected elementary schools within a large, metropolitan area. The attitudes of pre-adolescent children at an intermediate grade level were assessed to determine the effects of rapidly emerging gender-related…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Tsai, Liang-Ting; Yang, Chih-Chien
2015-01-01
This study was conducted to understand the effect of student-, classroom-, and school-level factors on the science performance of 8th-grade Taiwanese students in the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2011 by using multilevel analysis. A total of 5,042 students from 153 classrooms of 150 schools participated in the TIMSS…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kusmaryono, Imam; Suyitno, Hardi
2016-02-01
This study used a model of Concurrent Embedded with the aim of: (1) determine the difference between the conceptual understanding and mathematical power of students grade fourth who take the constructivist learning using scientific approach and direct learning, (2) determine the interaction between learning approaches and initial competence on the mathematical power and conceptual of understanding, and (3) describe the mathematical power of students grade fourth. This research was conducted in the fourth grade elementary school early 2015. Data initial competence and mathematical power obtained through tests, and analyzed using statistical tests multivariate and univariate. Statistical analysis of the results showed that: (1) There are differences in the concept of understanding and mathematical power among the students who follow the scientifically-based constructivist learning than students who take the Direct Learning in terms of students initial competency (F = 5.550; p = 0.007 < 0.05), and (2) There is an interaction between the scientific-based constructivist learning approach with an initial competence (high and low) on the ability of concept of understanding and mathematical power (F = 5.259; p =0.033 < 0,05). Observations and in-depth interviews with students, shows that the construction of mathematical power of students have influenced the thinking of students in problem solving and contributes tremendous increase students' math skills. Researcher suggested that the learning of mathematics in schools using scientifically- based constructivist approach to improve the mathematical power of students and conceptual understanding.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Allen, L. E.; Ross, J.
1977-01-01
Performance of 237 students in 10 inner-city 8th grade math classes was assessed under 5 different sets of instructional conditions. Results indicated playing an instructional mathematics game over a two-year period and working with Instructional Math Play (IMP) kits for 2 weeks improved math ability better than any other combination. (JC)
Hassinger-Das, Brenna; Jordan, Nancy C; Glutting, Joseph; Irwin, Casey; Dyson, Nancy
2014-02-01
Domain-general skills that mediate the relation between kindergarten number sense and first-grade mathematics skills were investigated. Participants were 107 children who displayed low number sense in the fall of kindergarten. Controlling for background variables, multiple regression analyses showed that both attention problems and executive functioning were unique predictors of mathematics outcomes. Attention problems were more important for predicting first-grade calculation performance, whereas executive functioning was more important for predicting first-grade performance on applied problems. Moreover, both executive functioning and attention problems were unique partial mediators of the relationship between kindergarten and first-grade mathematics skills. The results provide empirical support for developing interventions that target executive functioning and attention problems in addition to instruction in number skills for kindergartners with initial low number sense. PMID:24237789
Hassinger-Das, Brenna; Jordan, Nancy C; Glutting, Joseph; Irwin, Casey; Dyson, Nancy
2014-02-01
Domain-general skills that mediate the relation between kindergarten number sense and first-grade mathematics skills were investigated. Participants were 107 children who displayed low number sense in the fall of kindergarten. Controlling for background variables, multiple regression analyses showed that both attention problems and executive functioning were unique predictors of mathematics outcomes. Attention problems were more important for predicting first-grade calculation performance, whereas executive functioning was more important for predicting first-grade performance on applied problems. Moreover, both executive functioning and attention problems were unique partial mediators of the relationship between kindergarten and first-grade mathematics skills. The results provide empirical support for developing interventions that target executive functioning and attention problems in addition to instruction in number skills for kindergartners with initial low number sense.
8th International symposium on transport phenomena in combustion
1995-12-31
The 8th International Symposium on Transport Phenomena in Combustion will be held in San Francisco, California, U.S.A., July 16-20, 1995, under the auspices of the Pacific Center of Thermal-Fluids Engineering. The purpose of the Symposium is to provide a forum for researchers and practitioners from around the world to present new developments and discuss the state of the art and future directions and priorities in the areas of transport phenomena in combustion. The Symposium is the eighth in a series; previous venues were Honolulu 1985, Tokyo 1987, Taipei 1988, Sydney 1991, Beijing 1992, Seoul 1993 and Acapulco 1994, with emphasis on various aspects of transport phenomena. The current Symposium theme is combustion. The Symposium has assembled a balanced program with topics ranging from fundamental research to contemporary applications of combustion theory. Invited keynote lecturers will provide extensive reviews of topics of great interest in combustion. Colloquia will stress recent advances and innovations in fire spread and suppression, and in low NO{sub x} burners, furnaces, boilers, internal combustion engines, and other practical combustion systems. Finally, numerous papers will contribute to the fundamental understanding of complex processes in combustion. This document contains abstracts of papers to be presented at the Symposium.
Iglesias-Sarmiento, Valentín; Deaño, Manuel
2011-01-01
This investigation analyzed the relation between cognitive functioning and mathematical achievement in 114 students in fourth, fifth, and sixth grades. Differences in cognitive performance were studied concurrently in three selected achievement groups: mathematical learning disability group (MLD), low achieving group (LA), and typically achieving group (TA). For this purpose, performance in verbal memory and in the PASS cognitive processes of planning, attention, and simultaneous and successive processing was assessed at the end of the academic course. Correlational analyses showed that phonological loop and successive and simultaneous processing were related to mathematical achievement at all three grades. Regression analysis revealed simultaneous processing as a cognitive predictor of mathematical performance, although phonological loop was also associated with higher achievement. Simultaneous and successive processing were the elements that differentiated the MLD group from the LA group. These results show that, of all the variables analyzed in this study, simultaneous processing was the best predictor of mathematical performance. PMID:21444928
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Prejean-Harris, Rose M.
Over the last decade, accountability has been the driving force for many changes in education in the United States. One major educational reform effort is the standards-based movement with a focus of combining a number of processes that involve aligning curriculum, instruction, assessment and feedback to specific standards that are measureable and indicative of student achievement. The purpose of this study is to determine if the type of report card is a possible predictor of third grade student achievement on standardized tests in mathematics and science for the 2012 Criterion-Referenced Competency Test (CRCT). The results of this study concluded that the difference in test scores in mathematics and science for students in the traditional report card group was not statistically significant when compared to the scores of students in the standards-based report card group when controlling for poverty level, school locale, and school district. However, students in the traditional report card group scored an average of 1.01 point higher in mathematics and 2.27 points higher in science than students in the standards-based report card group.
Predicting Development of Mathematical Word Problem Solving Across the Intermediate Grades.
Tolar, Tammy D; Fuchs, Lynn; Cirino, Paul T; Fuchs, Douglas; Hamlett, Carol L; Fletcher, Jack M
2012-01-01
This study addressed predictors of the development of word problem solving (WPS) across the intermediate grades. At beginning of 3rd grade, 4 cohorts of students (N = 261) were measured on computation, language, nonverbal reasoning skills, and attentive behavior and were assessed 4 times from beginning of 3rd through end of 5th grade on 2 measures of WPS at low and high levels of complexity. Language skills were related to initial performance at both levels of complexity and did not predict growth at either level. Computational skills had an effect on initial performance in low- but not high-complexity problems and did not predict growth at either level of complexity. Attentive behavior did not predict initial performance but did predict growth in low-complexity, whereas it predicted initial performance but not growth for high-complexity problems. Nonverbal reasoning predicted initial performance and growth for low-complexity WPS, but only growth for high-complexity WPS. This evidence suggests that although mathematical structure is fixed, different cognitive resources may act as limiting factors in WPS development when the WPS context is varied.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Trinter, Christine P.
2011-01-01
The results from the 2007 Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) revealed that the scores of fourth grade students in the 90th percentile showed no measurable change from the results of the first TIMSS assessment in 1995. Contrarily, the scores of the lowest performing fourth graders showed statistically significant…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Leh, Jayne M.; Jitendra, Asha K.; Caskie, Grace I. L.; Griffin, Cynthia C.
2007-01-01
The purpose of this study was to examine the tenability of a curriculum-based mathematical word problem-solving (WPS) measure as a progress-monitoring tool to index students' rate of growth or slope of achievement over time. Participants consisted of 58 third-grade students, who were assessed repeatedly over 16 school weeks. Students were measured…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hartl, David, Ed.; And Others
Developed during the 1976-77 school year to assist Washington grade 7-8 teachers in small school districts with the improvement of curriculum and instruction, this learning-objective-based curriculum suggests activities, monitoring procedures and resources for mathematics. Introductory materials describe the organization of Small School materials,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lim, Siew Yee; Chapman, Elaine
2015-01-01
For decades, educators have advocated using history of mathematics in mathematics classrooms. Empirical research on the efficacy of this practice, however, is scarce. A quasi-experiment was used to investigate the effects of using history as a tool to teach mathematics on grade 11 students' mathematics achievement. Effects in three affective…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wainer, Jacques; Dwyer, Tom; Dutra, Rodrigo Silveira; Covic, Andre; Magalhaes, Valdo B.; Ferreira, Luiz Renato Ribeiro; Pimenta, Valdiney Alves; Claudio, Kleucio
2008-01-01
This work presents the analysis of the 2001 Brazilian Basic Education Evaluation System (SAEB) achievement exam. The SAEB tested 4th, 8th, and 11th grade students, in mathematics and reading (Portuguese). We classified the students into seven socioeconomic classes, and for each class, compared the test results according to frequency of computer…
PREFACE: 8th European Conference on Applied Superconductivity (EUCAS'07)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hoste, Serge; Ausloos, Marcel
2008-03-01
This issue of Journal of Physics: Conference Series contains contributed papers presented at the 8th European Conference on Applied Superconductivity (EUCAS'07) that was held in Brussels, Belgium from 16-20 September 2007. The plenary and invited papers were published in the journal Superconductor Science and Technology. The scientific aims of EUCAS'07 followed the tradition established at the preceding conferences in Göttingen (Germany), Edinburgh (United Kingdom), Eindhoven (The Netherlands), Sitges (Spain), Lyngby (Denmark), Sorrento (Italy) and Vienna (Austria). The focus was placed on the interplay between the most recent developments in superconductor research and the positioning of applications of superconductivity in the marketplace. Although initially founded as an exchange forum mainly for European scientists, it has gradually developed into a truly international meeting with a very significant attendance from the Far East and the United States. Under the guidance of ESAS (the European Society for Applied Superconductivity) this Brussels conference was jointly organized by the University of Ghent and the University of Liege and attracted 795 participants to the scientific programme including a healthy number of 173 students. Participants from 46 countries included a considerable 30% attendance from the Far East and 7% from the United States and Canada. Thirty companies presented their latest developments in the field; 13 plenary and 28 invited lectures highlighted the state-of-the-art in the areas of materials, large-scale as well as small-scale applications were given. Based on a refereed evaluation of all the papers and posters submitted, 347 papers were selected for publication in the IOP electronic journal Journal of Physics: Conference Series and in Superconductor Science and Technology. EUCAS'07 spread a lot of optimism and enthusiasm for this fascinating field of research and for its well established technological potential, especially among the
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Garduno, Edna Leticia Hernandez
2001-01-01
Examination of gender differences in self-efficacy, attitudes toward mathematics, and achievement of 48 gifted 7th and 8th grade students after participating in a 2-week course on probability and statistics found no differences in achievement or self-efficacy between cooperative learning mixed gender or single gender groups. Differences in…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bitner, Betty L.
To test the hypothesis that formal operational reasoning modes are predictors of critical thinking abilities and grades assigned by teachers in science and mathematics, in September 1986 the Group Assessment of Logical Thinking (GALT) and in December 1986 the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal (WGCTA) were administered to 101 rural students in Grades 9 through 12. The grades assigned by teachers were collected in May 1987. Construct and criterion-related validities and internal-consistency reliability using Cronbach's alpha method were established on the GALT. On the WGCTA, content and construct validities and internal consistency reliability using the split-half procedure, coefficient of stability, and coefficient of equivalence were established. The five formal operational reasoning modes in the GALT were found to be significant predictors of critical thinking abilities and grades assigned by teachers in science and mathematics. The variance in the five critical thinking abilities attributable to the five formal operational reasoning modes ranged between 28% and 70%. The five formal operational reasoning modes explained 29% of the variance in mathematics achievement and 62% of the variance in science achievement.
PREFACE: 8th Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Waves
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Marka, Zsuzsa; Marka, Szabolcs
2010-04-01
(The attached PDF contains select pictures from the Amaldi8 Conference) At Amaldi7 in Sydney in 2007 the Gravitational Wave International Committee (GWIC), which oversees the Amaldi meetings, decided to hold the 8th Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Waves at Columbia University in the City of New York. With this decision, Amaldi returned to North America after a decade. The previous two years have seen many advances in the field of gravitational wave detection. By the summer of 2009 the km-scale ground based interferometric detectors in the US and Europe were preparing for a second long-term scientific run as a worldwide detector network. The advanced or second generation detectors had well-developed plans and were ready for the production phase or started construction. The European-American space mission, LISA Pathfinder, was progressing towards deployment in the foreseeable future and it is expected to pave the ground towards gravitational wave detection in the milliHertz regime with LISA. Plans were developed for an additional gravitational wave detector in Australia and in Japan (in this case underground) to extend the worldwide network of detectors for the advanced detector era. Japanese colleagues also presented plans for a space mission, DECIGO, that would bridge the gap between the LISA and ground-based interferometer frequency range. Compared to previous Amaldi meetings, Amaldi8 had new elements representing emerging trends in the field. For example, with the inclusion of pulsar timing collaborations to the GWIC, gravitational wave detection using pulsar timing arrays was recognized as one of the prominent directions in the field and was represented at Amaldi8 as a separate session. By 2009, searches for gravitational waves based on external triggers received from electromagnetic observations were already producing significant scientific results and plans existed for pointing telescopes by utilizing gravitational wave trigger events. Such
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Williamson, Ronald
2012-01-01
Where to locate the 7th and 8th grade is a perennial question. While there are many variations, three approaches are most often used---include them in a 7-12 secondary campus, maintain a separate middle grades campus, or include them as part of a K-8 program. Research says that grade configuration is inconclusive at best and there is no research…
PREFACE: 8th Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Waves
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Marka, Zsuzsa; Marka, Szabolcs
2010-04-01
(The attached PDF contains select pictures from the Amaldi8 Conference) At Amaldi7 in Sydney in 2007 the Gravitational Wave International Committee (GWIC), which oversees the Amaldi meetings, decided to hold the 8th Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Waves at Columbia University in the City of New York. With this decision, Amaldi returned to North America after a decade. The previous two years have seen many advances in the field of gravitational wave detection. By the summer of 2009 the km-scale ground based interferometric detectors in the US and Europe were preparing for a second long-term scientific run as a worldwide detector network. The advanced or second generation detectors had well-developed plans and were ready for the production phase or started construction. The European-American space mission, LISA Pathfinder, was progressing towards deployment in the foreseeable future and it is expected to pave the ground towards gravitational wave detection in the milliHertz regime with LISA. Plans were developed for an additional gravitational wave detector in Australia and in Japan (in this case underground) to extend the worldwide network of detectors for the advanced detector era. Japanese colleagues also presented plans for a space mission, DECIGO, that would bridge the gap between the LISA and ground-based interferometer frequency range. Compared to previous Amaldi meetings, Amaldi8 had new elements representing emerging trends in the field. For example, with the inclusion of pulsar timing collaborations to the GWIC, gravitational wave detection using pulsar timing arrays was recognized as one of the prominent directions in the field and was represented at Amaldi8 as a separate session. By 2009, searches for gravitational waves based on external triggers received from electromagnetic observations were already producing significant scientific results and plans existed for pointing telescopes by utilizing gravitational wave trigger events. Such
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kim, Yanghee; Lim, Jae Hoon
2013-01-01
This study examined whether or not embodied-agent-based learning would help middle-grade females have more positive mathematics learning experiences. The study used an explanatory mixed methods research design. First, a classroom-based experiment was conducted with one hundred twenty 9th graders learning introductory algebra (53% male and 47%…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Marshall, Gail; Herbert, Martin
The Comprehensive School Mathematics Program (CSMP) is a program of CEMREL, Inc., one of the national educational laboratories, and was funded by the National Institute of Education (NIE). Its major purpose is the development of curriculum materials for kindergarten through grade 6. An Extended Pilot Test was scheduled for spring 1982 for several…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gavin, M. Katherine; Casa, Tutita M.; Firmender, Janine M.; Carroll, Susan R.
2013-01-01
The goal of Project M2 was to develop and field-test challenging geometry and measurement units for K-2 students. The units were developed using recommendations from gifted, mathematics, and early childhood education. This article reports on achievement results for students in Grade 1 at 12 diverse sites in four states using the Iowa Tests of…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mitchell, Felicia Moss
This study involved over 4,000 third grade students in a large (90,000+) suburban-emerging-urban school district. The purpose of the study was to examine the effectiveness of curriculum alignment on student achievement in mathematics as measured by the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (IOWA) after one year of implementation in the DeKalb County School…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center for Education Statistics, 2014
2014-01-01
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2013 Grade 12 Reading and Mathematics State Pilot assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. This report presents the results for Connecticut's 2013 student achievement in…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center for Education Statistics, 2014
2014-01-01
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2013 Grade 12 Reading and Mathematics State Pilot assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. This report presents the results for New Hampshire's 2013 student achievement in…
The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2013 State Snapshot Report. Florida. Grade 12, Public Schools
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center for Education Statistics, 2014
2014-01-01
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2013 Grade 12 Reading and Mathematics State Pilot assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. This report presents the results for Florida's 2013 student achievement in…
The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2013 State Snapshot Report. Michigan. Grade 12, Public Schools
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center for Education Statistics, 2014
2014-01-01
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2013 Grade 12 Reading and Mathematics State Pilot assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. This report presents the results for Michigan's 2013 student achievement in…
The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2013 State Snapshot Report. Idaho. Grade 12, Public Schools
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center for Education Statistics, 2014
2014-01-01
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2013 Grade 12 Reading and Mathematics State Pilot assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. This report presents the results for Idaho's 2013 student achievement in…
The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2013 State Snapshot Report. Arkansas. Grade 12, Public Schools
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center for Education Statistics, 2014
2014-01-01
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2013 Grade 12 Reading and Mathematics State Pilot assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. This report presents the results for Arkansas' 2013 student achievement in…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center for Education Statistics, 2014
2014-01-01
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2013 Grade 12 Reading and Mathematics State Pilot assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. This report presents the results for Massachusetts' 2013 student achievement in…
The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2013 State Snapshot Report. Tennessee. Grade 12, Public Schools
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center for Education Statistics, 2014
2014-01-01
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2013 Grade 12 Reading and Mathematics State Pilot assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. This report presents the results for Tennessee's 2013 student achievement in…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center for Education Statistics, 2014
2014-01-01
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2013 Grade 12 Reading and Mathematics State Pilot assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. This report presents the results for New Jersey's 2013 student achievement in…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gade, Sharada
2012-01-01
This article portrays action research conducted in relation to students' faulty use of the equality sign in a Grade Four mathematics classroom in Sweden. Substantial background on teacher-researcher collaboration that prepares ground for the action research is offered. Drawing on cultural-historical and activity theory perspectives, the conduct of…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Passolunghi, Maria Chiara; Lanfranchi, Silvia
2012-01-01
Background: Many contributing factors, both domain specific and domain general, influence children's performance in school achievement. Aims: This research aims to verify the importance of kindergarten measures of cognitive abilities and numerical competence in the role of predicting mathematical school achievement at the end of first grade.…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Rumsey, Chepina Witkowski
2012-01-01
The goals for this study were to investigate how fourth-grade students developed an understanding of the arithmetic properties when instruction promoted mathematical argumentation and to identify the characteristics of students' arguments. Using the emergent perspective as an overarching theoretical perspective helped distinguish between two…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center for Education Statistics, 2014
2014-01-01
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2013 Grade 12 Reading and Mathematics State Pilot assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. This report presents the results for West Virginia's 2013 student achievement in…
The TI-Nspire CAS: A Happy-Medium Mobile Device for Grades 8-16 Mathematics Classrooms
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Zelkowski, Jeremy
2011-01-01
This article justifies classifying the TI-Nspire CAS Touchpad as a mobile device for grades 8-16 mathematics classrooms equipped with a Navigator system. The 2010 Horizon Report: K-12 indicates virtually every secondary school aged child has some sort of mobile device. Yet, many school policies ban the use of mobile devices, preventing students…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Evansville-Vanderburgh School Corp., IN.
This grade 3 interdisciplinary resource unit uses Evansville, Indiana and the Ohio River as its focus for social studies, language arts, mathematics, and science lessons. Text, pictures, and maps are provided to teach social studies lessons in history, geography, and map skills, and the student exercises include tests on vocabulary words and map…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Dixon, Juli K.; Egendoerfer, Lisa A.; Clements, Taylar
2009-01-01
In an attempt to examine dialogue within a second grade classroom, students were encouraged to participate in whole-class mathematics discussions without raising their hands before speaking. Beneficial social and sociomathematical norms developed in place of this traditional social norm. Effects of this change on the dialogue and written…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Perry, Michelle
2000-01-01
Documented differences in frequency and type of mathematical explanations during lessons in U.S., Taiwanese, and Japanese first- and fifth-grade classrooms. Found that explanations occurred more frequently in Japanese and Taiwanese classrooms than in U.S. classrooms. Typical explanations in Asian classrooms were more substantive than in U.S.…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gussett, James Clayton
Thirty lessons for a seventh grade general mathematics course for urban ghetto students were written using non-standard English. A class which used the teacher-developed materials was compared to a second class following the standard text. Pre- and post-tests were given with a t-test applied to the data. Findings showed that the non-standard…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lawrenz, Frances; Gravely, Amy; Ooms, Ann
2006-01-01
Use of technology in science and mathematics classes has been increasing, but there are differences in the amount of use of and students' perceptions of its helpfulness across grade levels and subject areas. Technology was reported as used only occasionally. Technology was used most often to understand or explore in more depth concepts taught in…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lavelle-Lore, Millicent D.
2014-01-01
This study investigated the effects of a parent-child home numeracy intervention on the mathematics scores of first grade students attending urban, Catholic schools. The participants included 60 parents (29 Black; 2 Asian; 1 Latino; 26 White; and 2 other) from two urban, Catholic schools. Parents, randomly assigned to the experimental group,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Pape, Stephen J.; Prosser, Sherri K.; Griffin, Cynthia C.; Dana, Nancy Fichtman; Algina, James; Bae, Jungah
2015-01-01
This study sought to identify components of an asynchronous online teacher professional development program, "Prime Online," that potentially affected participants' mathematical knowledge for teaching (MKT). Twenty-three third- through fifth-grade general education and special education teachers completed a yearlong online teacher…
Low- and High-Achieving Sixth-Grade Students' Access to Participation during Mathematics Discourse
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lack, Brian; Swars, Susan Lee; Meyers, Barbara
2014-01-01
A descriptive, holistic, multiple-case methodology was applied to examine the nature of participation in discourse of two low- and two high-achieving grade 6 students while solving mathematical tasks in a standards-based classroom. Data collected via classroom observations and student interviews were analyzed through a multiple-cycle coding…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Johnson, Randall Erland
The purpose of the study was to identify the effectiveness of using activity oriented lessons in seventh grade mathematics. Students were randomly assigned to one of six participating classes; two classes used only textbooks, two used instructional modes other than texts, and two used both texts and other enrichment activities. Units in number…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.
This twelfth grade diploma examination is written in both French and English. The test consists of 52 multiple-choice items and three written response questions. Two and one-half hours are provided for taking the test; approved calculators may be used. The test content covers a wide range of mathematical topics including: geometry; trigonometry;…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gunbas, Nilgun
2012-01-01
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a computer-based story on sixth grade students' mathematics word problem solving achievement. Problems were embedded in a story presented on a computer, and then compared to a paper-based story and to a condition that presented the problems as typical, isolated words problems. One hundred…
The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2013 State Snapshot Report. Iowa. Grade 12, Public Schools
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center for Education Statistics, 2014
2014-01-01
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2013 Grade 12 Reading and Mathematics State Pilot assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. This report presents the results for Iowa's 2013 student achievement in…
The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2013 State Snapshot Report. Illinois. Grade 12, Public Schools
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center for Education Statistics, 2014
2014-01-01
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2013 Grade 12 Reading and Mathematics State Pilot assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. This report presents the results for Illinois's 2013 student achievement in…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kaosa-ard, Chanapat; Erawan, Waraporn; Damrongpanit, Suntonrapot; Suksawang, Poonpong
2015-01-01
The researcher applied latent profile analysis to study the difference of the students' mathematical process skill. These skills are problem solving skills, reasoning skills, communication and presentation skills, connection knowledge skills, and creativity skills. Samples were 2,485 seventh-grade students obtained from Multi-stage Random…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Roduta Roberts, Mary; Alves, Cecilia B.; Chu, Man-Wai; Thompson, Margaret; Bahry, Louise M.; Gotzmann, Andrea
2014-01-01
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the adequacy of three cognitive models, one developed by content experts and two generated from student verbal reports for explaining examinee performance on a grade 3 diagnostic mathematics test. For this study, the items were developed to directly measure the attributes in the cognitive model. The…
A Multiple Intelligence Pedagogical Approach in Fifth Grade Mathematics: A Mixed Method Study
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Davis, Claudine Davillier
2012-01-01
The need for mathematics intervention has increased tremendously over the years, particularly after the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001.Students who lack basic mathematics skills and students who experience mathematics difficulties greatly benefit from mathematics interventions. This study examined mathematics intervention through the use of the…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Curry, Steven James
2012-01-01
This quantitative study investigated relationships between higher level mathematics learning and multiplication fact fluency, multiplication fact speed-recall, and reading grade equivalency of eighth grade students in Algebra I and Pre-Algebra. Higher level mathematics learning was indicated by an average score of 80% or higher on first and second…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Jackson, Kara; Garrison, Anne; Wilson, Jonee; Gibbons, Lynsey; Shahan, Emily
2013-01-01
This article specifies how the setup, or introduction, of cognitively demanding tasks is a crucial phase of middle-grades mathematics instruction. The authors report on an empirical study of 165 middle-grades mathematics teachers' instruction that focused on how they introduced tasks and the relationship between how they introduced tasks and…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Budgy, Joseph Vincent
Reported are the results of a study which compared achievement following use of Greater Cleveland Mathematics Program (GCMP) materials with achievement following traditional materials. Growth in mathematical competency was used to compare treatment groups, groups subdivided by intelligence, and groups determined by sex. Three elementary school…
Evaluation of the Citizenship Consciousness of the 8th Year Students
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Tonga, Deniz; Keles, Hamza
2014-01-01
The prime purpose of this study is to elucidate the awareness level of citizenship of 8th year students. That was why the answer of the question "what is the level of citizenship consciousness of the 8th year students" was sought. The study was designed according to the descriptive survey method with the use of a scale with 7 open ended…
Investigating How the Biographies of Today's Scientists Affect 8th Graders' Scientist Image
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Karaçam, Sedat
2016-01-01
This study aimed to investigate how a poster study focusing on the biographies of today's scientists affected 8th graders' scientist images. The study utilized a mixed model which combined qualitative and quantitative research techniques. 142 8th graders from a secondary school in Ankara Province Keçiören District participated in the study.…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Stemler, Steven Edward
This study explored school effectiveness in mathematics and science at the fourth grade using data from IEA's Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). Fourteen of the 26 countries participating in TIMSS at the fourth grade possessed sufficient between-school variability in mathematics achievement to justify the creation of explanatory models of school effectiveness while 13 countries possessed sufficient between-school variability in science achievement. Exploratory models were developed using variables drawn from student, teacher, and school questionnaires. The variables were chosen to represent the domains of student involvement, instructional methods, classroom organization, school climate, and school structure. Six explanatory models for each subject were analyzed using two-level hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) and were compared to models using only school mean SES as an explanatory variable. The amount of variability in student achievement in mathematics attributable to differences between schools ranged from 16% in Cyprus to 56% in Latvia, while the amount of between-school variance in science achievement ranged from 12% in Korea to 59% in Latvia. In general, about one-quarter of the variability in mathematics and science achievement was found to lie between schools. The research findings revealed that after adjusting for differences in student backgrounds across schools, the most effective schools in mathematics and science had students who reported seeing a positive relationship between hard work, belief in their own abilities, and achievement. In addition, more effective schools had students who reported less frequent use of computers and calculators in the classroom. These relationships were found to be stable across explanatory models, cultural contexts, and subject areas. This study has contributed a unique element to the literature by examining school effectiveness at the fourth grade across two subject areas and across 14
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Pape, S. J.; Bell, C. V.; Yetkin, IE.
2003-01-01
Mathematics educators have found sociocultural models of teaching and learning to be powerful in their ability to describe and support the pursuit of instruction based on recent standards documents (e.g., National Council of Teachers of Mathematics [NCTM], 1989, 2000). These models of instruction, however, have been criticized for their lack of…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Martin, Taylor; Brasiel, Sarah J.; Turner, Herb; Wise, John C.
2012-01-01
This study examines the effects of Connected Mathematics Project 2 (CMP2) on grade 6 student mathematics achievement and engagement using a cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) design. It responds to a need to improve mathematics learning in the Mid-Atlantic Region (Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Washington, DC). Findings…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Akarsu, Esra; Yilmaz, Süha
2015-01-01
In this study, it was aimed to study the mathematical language skills that the 7th grade students use in defining the circle and its elements. In the study, the mathematical language skills of students that they use in defining the circle and its elements in a scenario were compared to the mathematical language skills they use in defining them…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Pilli, Olga; Aksu, Meral
2013-01-01
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the educational software "Frizbi Mathematics 4" on 4th grade student's mathematics achievement, retention, attitudes toward mathematics and attitude toward computer assisted learning. Two groups (experimental and control) of students from the state primary school in Gazimagusa, North Cyprus…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center for Education Statistics, 2013
2013-01-01
The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics assessment measures students' knowledge and skills in mathematics and students' ability to apply their knowledge in problem-solving situations. At each grade, students responded to questions designed to measure what they know and can do across five mathematics content areas: number…
Rotem, Avital; Henik, Avishai
2015-01-01
We examined the development of sensitivity to general and specific numerical features in typical achievers and in 6th and 8th graders with mathematics learning disability (MLD), using two effects in mental multiplication: operand-relatedness (i.e., difficulty in avoiding errors that are related to the operands via a shared multiplication row) and decade-consistency (i.e., difficulty in avoiding errors that are operand related and also share a decade with the true result). Responses to decade-consistent products were quick but erroneous. In line with the processing sequence in adults, children first became sensitive to the general numerical feature of operand-relatedness (typical achievers--from 3rd grade; children with MLD in 8th grade) and only later to the specific feature of decade-consistency (typical achievers--from 4th grade, but only from 6th grade in a mature pattern). Implications of the numerical sensitivity in children with MLD are discussed.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Burt, Stacey M.
The problem addressed in this project is the lack of mathematically gifted females choosing to pursue advanced science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) courses in secondary education due to deficiencies in self-efficacy. The purpose of this project was to study the effects of a child-guided robotics program as it relates to the self-efficacy of mathematically gifted 6th grade female students and their future course choices in the advanced STEM content areas. This mixed-model study utilized a STEM attitude survey, artifacts, interviews, field notes, and standardized tests as measurement tools. Significance was found between genders in the treatment group for the standardized science scores, indicating closure in the achievement gap. Research suggests that STEM enrichment is beneficial for mathematically gifted females.
A Study of the 8th Grade Technology Literacy of a Michigan Charter School
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spruill, James E.
2014-01-01
As states adopt the common core state standards and next generation assessments for the 2014-2015 school year, the importance of students' technology literacy will increase Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium. The next generation assessments will require students to complete technology performance tasks. For the first time in mandatory testing,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Freire, Sofia; Baptista, Mónica; Freire, Ana
2016-01-01
Raising awareness about sustainability is an urgent need and as such education for sustainability has gained relevancy for the last decades. It is acknowledged that science education can work as an important context for educating for sustainability. The goal of the present paper is to describe a role-playing activity about the construction of a…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Sahbaz, Namik Kemal
2012-01-01
Reading skill is a cognitive process in which the words are perceived, given a meaning, comprehended and then interpreted. The last year in primary education is a critical period when this skill is changed into a habit. As reading attitudes are important for an individual throughout the life, it is necessary to determine according to which…
Friendly and Hostility Perception of 8th Grade Students about Countries
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kaya, Beytullah
2015-01-01
The course contents taught in social sciences, revolution history and Kemalism at different stages of primary schools in Turkey form in learners political, social and economical behavioural patterm towards their neighbouring countries. The students try to form friendly or hostile behaviour against other countries. The study aims to determine what…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bagby, Karen; Adams, Susan
2007-01-01
Because of the growing obesity epidemic across all age groups in the United States, interventions to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviors have become a priority. Evidence is growing that interventions to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviors have positive results and are generally inexpensive to implement.…
The 8th and 9th Grades Students' Attitude towards Teaching and Learning Physics
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Stefan, Monica; Ciomos, Florentina
2010-01-01
The students' interest and attitude towards Physics have been the object of international testing, the most recent of which is the PISA testing from 2006. The students' attitude towards sciences is considered to be a significant predictor of their school results in science, respectively of pursuing a career in areas related to Science. The present…
Teacher Turnover Impact on 1st-8th Grade Student Academic Achievement: A Correlational Study
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Reid, Johnnie M.
2010-01-01
The impact of schools and students not meeting academic achievement standards affects the community and the nation's future workforce. This paper examines many of the factors influencing achievement with special attention given to the facts of teacher turnover in the schools. Teacher turnover and the sad state of the academic achievement of…
Implementation of the Science Writing Heuristic (SWH) Approach in 8th Grade Science Classrooms
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Nam, Jeonghee; Choi, Aeran; Hand, Brian
2011-01-01
Current initiatives in science education in Korea have emphasized science literacy as the most important purpose of science education; that is, science education needs to focus on helping each student to become a scientifically literate person who is able to make reasoned decisions. In attempting to address this focus concern about science…
Exploring 8th Grade Middle School Science Teachers' Use of Web 2.0 Tools
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Stinson, Antwuan
2015-01-01
Educational research focuses on the way teachers and students interact and how teachers structure learning environments to promote interactions. Rural schools require more efficient use of limited human resources if they are not able to hire sufficient numbers of teachers who possess the knowledge and skills. The researcher used a phenomenological…
Understanding of Pollution among 4th, 8th, and 11th Grade Students.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Brody, Michael J.
1991-01-01
Utilizing student interviews, this study assessed fourth, eighth, and eleventh graders (n=105) in 11 Maine schools concerning their understanding of 4 natural and social science concepts related to pollution. The results hold direct implications for teaching strategies and curriculum design within the environmental and science education domains.…
Unraveling the Culture of the Mathematics Classroom: A Video-Based Study in Sixth Grade
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Depaepe, Fien; De Corte, Erik; Verschaffel, Lieven
2007-01-01
Changing perspectives on mathematics teaching and learning resulted in a new generation of mathematics textbooks, stressing among others the importance of mathematical reasoning and problem-solving skills and their application to real-life situations. The article reports a study that investigates to what extent the reform-based ideas underlying…
The Impact of Computer Assisted Instruction on Seventh-Grade Students' Mathematics Achievement
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Tienken, Christopher H.; Wilson, Michael J.
2007-01-01
The perceived problem of low mathematics achievement is a concern to education leaders at all levels of PK-16 education. Results from various research raise concerns about mathematics learning of U.S. middle school students. Education leaders search for interventions to address issues related to improving mathematics achievement. This article…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Catapano, Michael
2013-01-01
Strong mathematical abilities are important for the continuation of a successful society. Mathematics is required and involved in all aspects of daily life: banking, communications, business, education, and travel are just a few examples. More specifically the areas of finance, engineering, architecture, and technology require individuals with…
Predicting Development of Mathematical Word Problem Solving across the Intermediate Grades
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Tolar, Tammy D.; Fuchs, Lynn; Cirino, Paul T.; Fuchs, Douglas; Hamlett, Carol L.; Fletcher, Jack M.
2012-01-01
This study addressed predictors of the development of word problem solving (WPS) across the intermediate grades. At beginning of 3rd grade, 4 cohorts of students (N = 261) were measured on computation, language, nonverbal reasoning skills, and attentive behavior and were assessed 4 times from beginning of 3rd through end of 5th grade on 2 measures…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Center for Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Education.
In September 1998, the Math Science Education National Board held a convocation on middle grades mathematics that was co-sponsored by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM), the National Middle School Association (NMSA), and the American Educational Research Association (AERA). The convocation was structured to present the teaching…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gill, Clara Joanne Schneberger
2010-01-01
This study attempted to verify points of intersection (POIs) between mathematics and science in the eighth grade Sunshine State Standards (SSS), and to develop a valid and reliable instrument to evaluate these POIs as they were presented in the respective mathematics and science textbooks approved for use in Florida public schools. Shannon and…
PREFACE: 8th International Symposium of the Digital Earth (ISDE8)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
2014-02-01
Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium of Digital Earth (8th ISDE) 2013 Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia, 26th-29th August, 2013 Conference logo This proceedings consists of the peer-reviewed papers from 8th International Symposium for Digital Earth (ISDE) held in Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia during 26th-29th August, 2013. The 8th ISDE was a successful event in the Symposium Series of the International Society of Digital Earth, that was previously held in China (1999), Canada (2001), Czech Republic (2003), Japan (2005), the United States (2007), China (2009), and Australia (2011). The 8th ISDE, with the theme 'Transforming Knowledge into Sustainable Practice' aims to enable digital earth scientists, experts and professionals related to the field of geospatial science and technology to provide a brand new opportunity to share their ideas and insights on how we share knowledge and act together globally. In addition, the ISDE symposium series has been providing a venue for researchers and industry practitioners to discuss new ideas, collaborate to solve complex solutions to various complex problems, and importantly, pave new ways in digital earth environment. This 8th ISDE included 20 technical sessions, workshops and student sessions in various areas of digital earth; ranging from digital earth vision & innovation; earth observation technologies; ICT technologies (including spatial data infrastructures); empowering the community and engaging society; applications and innovation of digital earth for environmental applications such as hazard, pollution, flood, air quality, disaster and health, biodiversity, sustainability, forestry, early warning and emergency management, national security, natural resource management and agriculture; mining, energy and resources development; transformation towards sustainable low carbon society; digital city and green cities: towards urban sustainability; and managing water environment for sustainable development. The success of the 8
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Dissemination and Assessment Center for Bilingual Education, Austin, TX.
This is one of a series of student booklets designed for use in a bilingual mathematics program in grades 6-8. The general format is to present each page in both Spanish and English. The mathematical topics in this booklet include equivalent fractions, mixed numbers, and multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers. (MK)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Berlin, Donna F.; White, Arthur L.
2010-01-01
The purpose of this article is twofold: (a) to describe a unique teacher licensure program for grades 7-12 that integrates mathematics, science, and technology education and (b) to explore the attitudes and perceptions related to the integration of mathematics, science, and technology education of three cohorts of preservice teachers enrolled in…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Dissemination and Assessment Center for Bilingual Education, Austin, TX.
This is one of a series of student booklets designed for use in a bilingual mathematics program in grades 6-8. The general format is to present each page in both Spanish and English. The mathematical topics in this booklet include subtraction of fractions and mixed numbers. (MK)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Dissemination and Assessment Center for Bilingual Education, Austin, TX.
This is one of a series of student booklets designed for use in a bilingual mathematics program in grades 6-8. The general format is to present each page in both Spanish and English. The mathematical topics in the booklet include points, lines, planes, space, angles, and intersection and union of sets. (MK)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Dissemination and Assessment Center for Bilingual Education, Austin, TX.
This is one of a series of student booklets designed for use in a bilingual mathematics program in grades 6-8. The general format is to present each page in both Spanish and English. The mathematical topics in this booklet include measurement, perimeter, and area. (MK)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Dissemination and Assessment Center for Bilingual Education, Austin, TX.
This is one of a series of student booklets designed for use in a bilingual mathematics program in grades 6-8. The general format is to present each page in both Spanish and English. The mathematical topics in this booklet include reciprocals, complex fractions, and division of fractions. (MK)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Dissemination and Assessment Center for Bilingual Education, Austin, TX.
This is one of a series of student booklets designed for use in a bilingual mathematics program in grades 6-8. The general format is to present each page in both Spanish and English. The mathematical topics in this booklet include addition of fractions and mixed numbers. (MK)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Vlajic, Jovana
2011-01-01
The purpose of this study was to determine the changes in the mathematics curriculum for grades 5-8 in the Republic of Serbia after the break-up of SFRY. In particular, the research sought to identify the changes in the mathematics curriculum in terms of curriculum content and learning objectives, textbooks, and high school entrance examination…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Jansen, Amanda
2012-01-01
Through this exploratory study, I developed conjectures about classroom conditions that had the potential to support (or not) the development of productive dispositions toward mathematics. To do so, I listened to sixth-grade students' voices about their experiences with small-group work in 2 mathematics classrooms and contrasted their teachers'…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Fennema, Elizabeth
Reported are two separate but related longitudinal studies of two variables strongly associated with sex-related differences in mathematics achievement and enrollment, namely spatial visualization and confidence in learning mathematics. First, boys (N=33) and girls (N=36) in grades 6-8 who were discrepant in their spatial and verbal skills were…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Csikos, Csaba; Szitanyi, Judit; Kelemen, Rita
2012-01-01
The present study aims to investigate the effects of a design experiment developed for third-grade students in the field of mathematics word problems. The main focus of the program was developing students' knowledge about word problem solving strategies with an emphasis on the role of visual representations in mathematical modeling. The experiment…
Modelling of and Conjecturing on a Soccer Ball in a Korean Eighth Grade Mathematics Classroom
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lee, Kyeong-Hwa
2011-01-01
The purpose of this article was to describe the task design and implementation of cultural artefacts in a mathematics lesson based on the integration of modelling and conjecturing perspectives. The conceived process of integrating a soccer ball into mathematics lessons via modelling- and conjecturing-based instruction was first detailed. Next, the…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Jitendra, Asha K.; Griffin, Cynthia C.; Haria, Priti; Leh, Jayne; Adams, Aimee; Kaduvettoor, Anju
2007-01-01
The purposes of this study were to assess the differential effects of a single strategy (schema-based instruction; SBI) versus multiple strategies (general strategy instruction, GSI) in promoting mathematical problem solving and mathematics achievement as well as to examine the influence of word problem-solving instruction on the development of…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Trimuel Stewart, Merita
2013-01-01
Due to recent waivers and current expectations of teacher performance, schools have been tasked to close their student achievement gaps in mathematics by 2014. Yet students still have not performed well in mathematics, which may be a direct link to teachers' instructional practices. Identifying a coaching model to improve student achievement…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Jeanmarie-Gardner, Charmaine
2013-01-01
A quasi-experimental research study was conducted that investigated the academic impact of utilizing Marzano's summarizing and note taking strategies on mathematic achievement. A sample of seventh graders from a middle school located on Long Island's North Shore was tested to determine whether significant differences existed in mathematic test…
Mission Mathematics II: Prekindergarten-Grade 2 (with CD-ROM)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hynes, Ellen Mary, Ed.; Blair, Catherine, Ed.
2005-01-01
Get students into math using outer space! Mission Mathematics translates the NASA experience into language and experiences appropriate for young learners, and provides teachers with mathematics activities that complement many of the available NASA resources for students and educators. In these motivating investigations, young children engage in…
Exploring Logical Reasoning and Mathematical Proof in Grade 6 Elementary School Students
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Flegas, Konstantinos; Charalampos, Lemonidis
2013-01-01
Research and classroom experience reveal that the construction of mathematical proofs is difficult for all students. While many contemporary mathematics curricula recognize the importance of teaching reasoning and proof, in Greece these concepts are introduced at the secondary education level. In this study, we will attempt to investigate a group…
The Influence of Computer-Assisted Instruction on Eighth Grade Mathematics Achievement
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Tienken, Christopher H.; Maher, James A.
2008-01-01
The issue of lower than expected mathematics achievement is a concern to education leaders and policymakers at all levels of the U.S. PK-12 education system. The purpose of this quantitative, quasi-experimental study was to determine if there was a measurable difference in achievement on the mathematics section of the state test for students (n =…
NLSMA Reports, No. 14, Patterns of Mathematics Achievement in Grade 10: Y-Population.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
McLeod, Gordon K.; Kilpatrick, Jeremy
This is one of a series of reports on the National Longitudinal Study of Mathematical Abilities (NLSMA). Further, it is of the subseries that analyzed data for the purpose of identifying differential patterns of mathematical achievement which are correlated with different textbook series. This particular report considers comparisons made for the…
NLSMA Reports, No. 15, Patterns of Mathematics Achievement in Grade 11: Y-Population.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Kilpatrick, Jeremy; McLeod, Gordon K.
This is one of a series of reports on the National Longitudinal Study of Mathematical Abilities (NLSMA). Further, it is of the subseries that analyzed data for the purpose of identifying differential patterns of mathematics achievement which are correlated with different textbook series. This particular report considers comparisons made for the…
NLSMA Reports, No. 16, Patterns of Mathematics Achievement in Grade 10: Z-Population.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wilson, James W.
This is one of a series of reports on the National Longitudinal Study of Mathematical Abilities (NLSMA). Further, it is of the subseries that analyzed data for the purpose of identifying differential patterns of mathematics achievement which are correlated with different textbook series. This particular report considers comparisons made for the…
Evolving Polygons and Spreadsheets: Connecting Mathematics across Grade Levels in Teacher Education
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Abramovich, Sergei; Brouwer, Peter
2009-01-01
This paper was prepared in response to the Conference Board of Mathematical Sciences recommendations for the preparation of secondary teachers. It shows how using trigonometry as a conceptual tool in spreadsheet-based applications enables one to develop mathematical understanding in the context of constructing geometric representations of unit…
Designing and Developing Assessments of Complex Thinking in Mathematics for the Middle Grades
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Graf, Edith Aurora; Arieli-Attali, Meirav
2015-01-01
Designing an assessment system for complex thinking in mathematics involves decisions at every stage, from how to represent the target competencies to how to interpret evidence from student performances. Beyond learning to solve particular problems in a particular area, learning mathematics with understanding involves comprehending connections…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Al-Tarawneh, Sabri Hassan; Al-Qadi, Haitham Mamdouh
2016-01-01
This study aimed at evaluating the 10th grade computerized mathematics curriculum from the perspective of the teachers and supervisors in the southern region in Jordan. The study population consisted of all the teachers who teach the 10th grade in the southern region, with the total of (309) teachers and (20) supervisors. The sample consisted of…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Alonzo, Julie; Lai, Cheng Fei; Tindal, Gerald
2009-01-01
In this technical report, we describe the development and piloting of a series of mathematics progress monitoring measures intended for use with students in grades kindergarten through eighth grade. These measures, available as part of easyCBM[TM], an online progress monitoring assessment system, were developed in 2007 and 2008 and administered to…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lai, Cheng Fei; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald
2009-01-01
In this technical report, we describe the development and piloting of a series of mathematics progress monitoring measures intended for use with students in grades kindergarten through eighth grade. These measures, available as part of easyCBM[TM], an online progress monitoring assessment system, were developed in 2007 and 2008 and administered to…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lai, Cheng Fei; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald
2009-01-01
In this technical report, we describe the development and piloting of a series of mathematics progress monitoring measures intended for use with students in grades kindergarten through eighth grade. These measures, available as part of easyCBM[TM], an online progress monitoring assessment system, were developed in 2007 and 2008 and administered to…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Alonzo, Julie; Lai, Cheng Fei; Tindal, Gerald
2009-01-01
In this technical report, we describe the development and piloting of a series of mathematics progress monitoring measures intended for use with students in grades kindergarten through eighth grade. These measures, available as part of easyCBM[TM], an online progress monitoring assessment system, were developed in 2007 and 2008 and administered to…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lai, Cheng Fei; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald
2009-01-01
In this technical report, we describe the development and piloting of a series of mathematics progress monitoring measures intended for use with students in grades kindergarten through eighth grade. These measures, available as part of easyCBM[TM], an online progress monitoring assessment system, were developed in 2007 and 2008 and administered to…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Alonzo, Julie; Lai, Cheng Fei; Tindal, Gerald
2009-01-01
In this technical report, we describe the development and piloting of a series of mathematics progress monitoring measures intended for use with students in grades kindergarten through eighth grade. These measures, available as part of easyCBM[TM], an online progress monitoring assessment system, were developed in 2007 and 2008 and administered to…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hintsanen, Mirka; Alatupa, Saija; Jokela, Markus; Lipsanen, Jari; Hintsa, Taina; Leino, Mare
2012-01-01
The current study examines associations between self- and teacher-rated temperament traits (activity, inhibition, negative emotionality, persistence, distractibility, and mood) and mathematics grades. The sample includes 310 ninth grade students (mean age 15.0) from several schools in Finland. Analyses were conducted with multilevel modeling.…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Guner, Necdet
2013-01-01
This study examines and classifies the metaphors that twelfth grade students formulated to describe the concept of "learning mathematics". The sample of the study consists of 669 twelfth grade students (317 female, 352 male) of two Anatolian and two vocational high schools located in the city center of Denizli. The following questions…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Blaser, John W.
In order to meet the needs of the students in a small rural school (Corbett High School in Oregon), 3 projects have been instituted which are geared to individual student interest, vocational choice, and ability. The first project, a non-graded language arts program, was developed by existing staff. Students in grades 9 through 12 are grouped by…
Consumer Education in Eighth Grade Core and Mathematics 1970. Curriculum Guide.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Schaum, June; And Others
This curriculum guide outlines a one-to-two week consumer education unit for eighth grade students. It was written in response to Illinois Senate Bill 977 which required that all students in grades 8-12 be given instruction in consumer education. The lessons were developed to involve the students in stating problems, writing definitions,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Aydin, Bünyamin
2016-01-01
The aim of this research is to determine eighth grade students' learning styles and attitudes toward math class and to show the relationship between their learning styles and attitudes toward math class. Sample of the research consists of 100 eighth grade students having education in a school in the Central Anatolia of our country. As data…
A Comparison of Concrete and Virtual Manipulative Use in Third- and Fourth-Grade Mathematics
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Burns, Barbara A.; Hamm, Ellen M.
2011-01-01
The primary purpose of this classroom experiment was to examine the effectiveness of concrete (hands-on) manipulatives as compared with virtual (computer-based) manipulatives on student review of fraction concepts in third grade and introduction of symmetry concepts in fourth grade. A pretest-posttest design was employed with a sample of 91…
A Quantitative Analysis of Uncertainty in the Grading of Written Exams in Mathematics and Physics
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hammer, Hugo Lewi; Habib, Laurence
2016-01-01
The most common way to grade students in courses at university and university college level is to use final written exams. The aim of final exams is generally to provide a reliable and a valid measurement of the extent to which a student has achieved the learning outcomes for the course. A source of uncertainty in grading students based on an exam…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Byrnes, James P.; Wasik, Barbara A.
2009-01-01
A secondary analysis of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Sample (N = 17,401) was conducted to determine the factors that are most strongly associated with math achievement during kindergarten, first grade, and third grade. Factors from the following three categories were considered: antecedent factors (e.g., family…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Heaverlo, Carol Ann
Researchers, policymakers, business, and industry have indicated that the United States will experience a shortage of professionals in the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) fields. Several strategies have been suggested to address this shortage, one of which includes increasing the representation of girls and women in the STEM fields. In order to increase the representation of women in the STEM fields, it is important to understand the developmental factors that impact girls' interest and confidence in STEM academics and extracurricular programs. Research indicates that greater confidence leads to greater interest and vice versa (Denissen et al., 2007). This study identifies factors that impact girls' interest and confidence in mathematics and science, defined as girls' STEM development. Using Bronfenbrenner's (2005) bioecological model of human development, several factors were hypothesized as having an impact on girls' STEM development; specifically, the macrosystems of region of residence and race/ethnicity, and the microsystems of extracurricular STEM activities, family STEM influence, and math/science teacher influence. Hierarchical regression analysis results indicated that extracurricular STEM involvement and math teacher influence were statistically significant predictors for 6--12th grade girls' interest and confidence in mathematics. Furthermore, hierarchical regression analysis results indicated that the only significant predictor for 6--12th grade girls' interest and confidence in science was science teacher influence. This study provides new knowledge about the factors that impact girls' STEM development. Results can be used to inform and guide educators, administrators, and policy makers in developing programs and policy that support and encourage the STEM development of 6--12th grade girls.
Alteren, Johanne; Nerdal, Lisbeth
2015-01-01
In Norwegian nurse education, students are required to achieve a perfect score in a medication calculation test before undertaking their first practice period during the second semester. Passing the test is a challenge, and students often require several attempts. Adverse events in medication administration can be related to poor mathematical skills. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between high school mathematics grade and the number of attempts required to pass the medication calculation test in nurse education. The study used an exploratory design. The participants were 90 students enrolled in a bachelor’s nursing program. They completed a self-report questionnaire, and statistical analysis was performed. The results provided no basis for the conclusion that a statistical relationship existed between high school mathematics grade and number of attempts required to pass the medication calculation test. Regardless of their grades in mathematics, 43% of the students passed the medication calculation test on the first attempt. All of the students who had achieved grade 5 had passed by the third attempt. High grades in mathematics were not crucial to passing the medication calculation test. Nonetheless, the grade may be important in ensuring a pass within fewer attempts. PMID:27417767
Pinto, Giuliana; Bigozzi, Lucia; Tarchi, Christian; Vezzani, Claudio; Accorti Gamannossi, Beatrice
2016-04-01
This two-year longitudinal study contributes to the debate between the school readiness and emergent literacy approaches, individuating early markers for reading, spelling, and mathematical skills. Two hundred and two Italian children participated in this study (M age = 5.6years, SD = 0.3). In kindergarten, a wide range of children's domain-general and domain-specific skills were assessed through standardized tests. In primary school, children's reading, spelling, and mathematical competences were assessed through standardized tests. Results showed that domain-specific predictors contribute to the explanation of reading, spelling, and mathematical performances more than domain-general predictors do. Each primary school skill is mainly predicted by their respective domain-specific kindergarten skill, although some cross-domain relations exist, for example, phonological awareness contributing to both reading and mathematical performances.
Pinto, Giuliana; Bigozzi, Lucia; Tarchi, Christian; Vezzani, Claudio; Accorti Gamannossi, Beatrice
2016-04-01
This two-year longitudinal study contributes to the debate between the school readiness and emergent literacy approaches, individuating early markers for reading, spelling, and mathematical skills. Two hundred and two Italian children participated in this study (M age = 5.6years, SD = 0.3). In kindergarten, a wide range of children's domain-general and domain-specific skills were assessed through standardized tests. In primary school, children's reading, spelling, and mathematical competences were assessed through standardized tests. Results showed that domain-specific predictors contribute to the explanation of reading, spelling, and mathematical performances more than domain-general predictors do. Each primary school skill is mainly predicted by their respective domain-specific kindergarten skill, although some cross-domain relations exist, for example, phonological awareness contributing to both reading and mathematical performances. PMID:27154371
Georgiou, George K; Tziraki, Niki; Manolitsis, George; Fella, Argyro
2013-07-01
We examined (a) what rapid automatized naming (RAN) components (articulation time and/or pause time) predict reading and mathematics ability and (b) what processing skills involved in RAN (speed of processing, response inhibition, working memory, and/or phonological awareness) may explain its relationship with reading and mathematics. A sample of 72 children were followed from the beginning of kindergarten until the end of Grade 1 and were assessed on measures of RAN, general cognitive ability, speed of processing, attention, working memory, phonological awareness, reading, and mathematics. The results indicated that pause time was the critical component in both the RAN-reading and RAN-mathematics relationships and that it shared most of its predictive variance in reading and mathematics with speed of processing and working memory. Our findings further suggested that, unlike the relationship between RAN and reading fluency in Grade 1, there is nothing in the RAN task that is uniquely related to math. PMID:23506806
Georgiou, George K; Tziraki, Niki; Manolitsis, George; Fella, Argyro
2013-07-01
We examined (a) what rapid automatized naming (RAN) components (articulation time and/or pause time) predict reading and mathematics ability and (b) what processing skills involved in RAN (speed of processing, response inhibition, working memory, and/or phonological awareness) may explain its relationship with reading and mathematics. A sample of 72 children were followed from the beginning of kindergarten until the end of Grade 1 and were assessed on measures of RAN, general cognitive ability, speed of processing, attention, working memory, phonological awareness, reading, and mathematics. The results indicated that pause time was the critical component in both the RAN-reading and RAN-mathematics relationships and that it shared most of its predictive variance in reading and mathematics with speed of processing and working memory. Our findings further suggested that, unlike the relationship between RAN and reading fluency in Grade 1, there is nothing in the RAN task that is uniquely related to math.
A World Worth Living in ICAE 8th World Assembly Declaration (June 2011)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Adult Learning, 2012
2012-01-01
This article presents the International Council of Adult Education (ICAE) 8th World Assembly Declaration (June 2011). This declaration focuses on adult educators' conviction in the possibility of a "world worth living in," and their declaration of their collective determination to work towards making it a reality all around the planet.
77 FR 9927 - Filing Dates for the Arizona Special Election in the 8th Congressional District
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2012-02-21
... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Filing Dates for the Arizona Special Election in the 8th Congressional District AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. ACTION: Notice of filing dates for special election. SUMMARY: Arizona has scheduled elections...
Development of a Scale to Explore Technology Literacy Skills of Turkish 8th Graders
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Misirli, Zeynel A.; Akbulut, Yavuz
2013-01-01
The use of emerging technologies shape learners' knowledge creation and transformation processes. In this regard, this study aimed to develop a scale to investigate 8 th graders' competencies regarding the educational technology standards based on ISTE-NETS. After a review of relevant literature, an item pool was prepared. The pool was improved…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bektasli, Behzat
Graphs have a broad use in science classrooms, especially in physics. In physics, kinematics is probably the topic for which graphs are most widely used. The participants in this study were from two different grade-12 physics classrooms, advanced placement and calculus-based physics. The main purpose of this study was to search for the relationships between student spatial ability, logical thinking, mathematical achievement, and kinematics graphs interpretation skills. The Purdue Spatial Visualization Test, the Middle Grades Integrated Process Skills Test (MIPT), and the Test of Understanding Graphs in Kinematics (TUG-K) were used for quantitative data collection. Classroom observations were made to acquire ideas about classroom environment and instructional techniques. Factor analysis, simple linear correlation, multiple linear regression, and descriptive statistics were used to analyze the quantitative data. Each instrument has two principal components. The selection and calculation of the slope and of the area were the two principal components of TUG-K. MIPT was composed of a component based upon processing text and a second component based upon processing symbolic information. The Purdue Spatial Visualization Test was composed of a component based upon one-step processing and a second component based upon two-step processing of information. Student ability to determine the slope in a kinematics graph was significantly correlated with spatial ability, logical thinking, and mathematics aptitude and achievement. However, student ability to determine the area in a kinematics graph was only significantly correlated with student pre-calculus semester 2 grades. Male students performed significantly better than female students on the slope items of TUG-K. Also, male students performed significantly better than female students on the PSAT mathematics assessment and spatial ability. This study found that students have different levels of spatial ability, logical thinking
Blair, Clancy; Ursache, Alexandra; Greenberg, Mark; Vernon-Feagans, Lynne
2015-04-01
The relation of self-regulation measured prior to school entry to developing math and reading ability in prekindergarten through the second grade was examined in a prospective longitudinal sample of 1,292 children and families in predominantly rural and low-income communities in 2 regions of high poverty in the United States. Direct assessments of executive function, effortful control, and stress response physiology (indexed by resting levels of cortisol and alpha amylase obtained from saliva) were measured at child age 48 months and parents and teachers reported on children's effortful control using temperament rating scales at child age approximately 60 months. Math and reading ability, as measured by the Woodcock-Johnson III applied problems and letter-word subtests, respectively, were measured at prekindergarten through the second grade. Effects for self-regulation measures were seen primarily for initial level and to some extent growth in both mathematics and reading, even when controlling for family demographic characteristics that represent relevant selection factors into higher levels of both self-regulation and academic achievement. These effects persisted for mathematics but not for reading with the inclusion of child cognitive abilities, vocabulary, and speed of processing measured in prekindergarten, concurrent with the first time point for the academic measures. Results are interpreted as indicating a role for self-regulation in learning ability generally, likely through support for attention and reasoning abilities that are most specific to the assessment of mathematics in this analysis. Implications for instruction and for assessment and the best ways to support the development of early math and reading ability for children at risk for school failure are discussed. PMID:25688999
Blair, Clancy; Ursache, Alexandra; Greenberg, Mark; Vernon-Feagans, Lynne
2015-04-01
The relation of self-regulation measured prior to school entry to developing math and reading ability in prekindergarten through the second grade was examined in a prospective longitudinal sample of 1,292 children and families in predominantly rural and low-income communities in 2 regions of high poverty in the United States. Direct assessments of executive function, effortful control, and stress response physiology (indexed by resting levels of cortisol and alpha amylase obtained from saliva) were measured at child age 48 months and parents and teachers reported on children's effortful control using temperament rating scales at child age approximately 60 months. Math and reading ability, as measured by the Woodcock-Johnson III applied problems and letter-word subtests, respectively, were measured at prekindergarten through the second grade. Effects for self-regulation measures were seen primarily for initial level and to some extent growth in both mathematics and reading, even when controlling for family demographic characteristics that represent relevant selection factors into higher levels of both self-regulation and academic achievement. These effects persisted for mathematics but not for reading with the inclusion of child cognitive abilities, vocabulary, and speed of processing measured in prekindergarten, concurrent with the first time point for the academic measures. Results are interpreted as indicating a role for self-regulation in learning ability generally, likely through support for attention and reasoning abilities that are most specific to the assessment of mathematics in this analysis. Implications for instruction and for assessment and the best ways to support the development of early math and reading ability for children at risk for school failure are discussed.
Cowan, Richard; Powell, Daisy
2014-02-01
Explanations of the marked individual differences in elementary school mathematical achievement and mathematical learning disability (MLD or dyscalculia) have involved domain-general factors (working memory, reasoning, processing speed, and oral language) and numerical factors that include single-digit processing efficiency and multidigit skills such as number system knowledge and estimation. This study of 3rd graders (N = 258) finds both domain-general and numerical factors contribute independently to explaining variation in 3 significant arithmetic skills: basic calculation fluency, written multidigit computation, and arithmetic word problems. Estimation accuracy and number system knowledge show the strongest associations with every skill, and their contributions are independent of both each other and other factors. Different domain-general factors independently account for variation in each skill. Numeral comparison, a single digit processing skill, uniquely accounts for variation in basic calculation. Subsamples of children with MLD (at or below 10th percentile, n = 29) are compared with low achievement (LA, 11th to 25th percentiles, n = 42) and typical achievement (above 25th percentile, n = 187). Examination of these and subsets with persistent difficulties supports a multiple deficits view of number difficulties: Most children with number difficulties exhibit deficits in both domain-general and numerical factors. The only factor deficit common to all persistent MLD children is in multidigit skills. These findings indicate that many factors matter but multidigit skills matter most in 3rd grade mathematical achievement. PMID:24532854
Literature-Based Workshops for Mathematics: Ideas for Active Learning Grades K-2.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Morrison, Kathy; Dittrich, Tina; Claridge, Jill
This book presents ways to use high quality children's literature to plan small group workshops in mathematics for K-2 instruction. Each of the six sets of workshops is built around storybooks children love and focuses on a specific aspect of numeracy: shapes, counting, seriation, addition, money, and measurement. Each set is designed for a…
A Change in Emphasis (Mathematics in the Transition Years, Grades 7 & 8).
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Lodholz, Richard, Ed.
This collection of papers was solicited from a variety of educators in an effort to provide direction to teachers, curriculum developers and textbook publishers on topics in mathematics education that are consistently mentioned in recent national reports and study groups. The consensus of reports sponsored by various professional associations…
The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2011 State Snapshot Report. Oklahoma. Grade 4, Public Schools
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center for Education Statistics, 2011
2011-01-01
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2011 mathematics assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. Overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, comparison of the average score in 2011 to…
The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2011 State Snapshot Report. Oklahoma. Grade 8, Public Schools
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center for Education Statistics, 2011
2011-01-01
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2011 mathematics assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. Overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, comparison of the average score in 2011 to…
Key Concepts in Mathematics: Strengthening Standards Practice in Grades 6-12. Second Edition
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
McNamara, Timothy J.
2006-01-01
Helping teachers envision how math standards can be integrated into the secondary classroom, this book presents engaging activities and ready-to-use lessons aligned with NCTM content and process standards. This user-friendly book by mathematics educator Timothy J. McNamara is filled with a generous collection of lessons for each of the ten NCTM…
Mathematics and Social Justice in Grade 1: How Children Understand Inequality and Represent It
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Murphy, M. Shaun
2009-01-01
Social justice might be considered too complex a topic to address with 6- and 7-year-olds, particularly through mathematics. How would first-graders understand social justice? The author believes that by focusing on inequality in relation to power and access to resources, freedom, and diversity, children could understand social justice issues. The…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
van Velzen, Joke H.
2016-01-01
Theoretically, it has been argued that a conscious understanding of metacognitive knowledge requires that this knowledge is explicit and systematic. The purpose of this descriptive study was to obtain a better understanding of explicitness and systematicity in knowledge of the mathematical problem-solving process. Eighteen 11th-grade…
The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2011 State Snapshot Report. Arizona. Grade 8, Public Schools
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center for Education Statistics, 2011
2011-01-01
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2011 mathematics assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. Overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, comparison of the average score in 2011 to…
The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2011 State Snapshot Report. Arizona. Grade 4, Public Schools
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center for Education Statistics, 2011
2011-01-01
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2011 mathematics assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. Overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, comparison of the average score in 2011 to…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Scott, Susan McFather
2014-01-01
Educators across the United States have searched for avenues to improve students' mathematics achievement since the publication of "A Nation at Risk" (National Commission on Excellence in Education, 1983) which reported that American students were behind students in other countries academically. Recent legislation, No Child Left Behind…
The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2011 State Snapshot Report. Minnesota. Grade 8, Public Schools
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center for Education Statistics, 2011
2011-01-01
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2011 mathematics assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. Overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, comparison of the average score in 2011 to…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Wilson, Carla F.
2013-01-01
Research indicates that mathematics anxiety interferes with solving math problems in everyday life as well as academic situations. In classrooms across the country, educators have utilized different methods to help students alleviate their irrational fears of completing even basic math problems. Critical constructivist educators have utilized…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Staden, David P.
2010-01-01
Accountability in education with regard to student achievement, especially within core subject areas such as mathematics, has emerged over the past ten years that support the need for impactful educational reform. Educators have been asked to evaluate the distinctiveness of the students that they serve to determine if there are better ways to…
The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2011 State Snapshot Report. Nevada. Grade 4, Public Schools
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center for Education Statistics, 2011
2011-01-01
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2011 mathematics assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. Overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, comparison of the average score in 2011 to…
The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2011 State Snapshot Report. Nevada. Grade 8, Public Schools
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center for Education Statistics, 2011
2011-01-01
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2011 mathematics assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. Overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, comparison of the average score in 2011 to…
Mission Mathematics: Linking Aerospace and the NCTM Standards. Grades 5-8.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
O'Connor, Vincent F., Ed.; Hynes, Michael C., Ed.
This book is a collaborative project between the National Aeronautics Space Administration (NASA) and the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM). It has two complementary goals: to provide classroom-tested lessons that effectively model the vision of the NCTM Standards and to focus on the exciting problems that arise out of NASA's…
An Integrated Learning System: Impact on At-Risk Students' Ninth Grade TAKS Mathematics Achievement
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Harris, Tina D.
2011-01-01
The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of an integrated learning system on students who were considered at-risk of academic failure on the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) mathematics assessment. Voyager Math (VMath), an integrated learning system had been implemented to address the needs of students at-risk of…
The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2011 State Snapshot Report. Missouri. Grade 8, Public Schools
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center for Education Statistics, 2011
2011-01-01
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2011 mathematics assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. Overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, comparison of the average score in 2011 to…
The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2011 State Snapshot Report. Kentucky. Grade 8, Public Schools
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center for Education Statistics, 2011
2011-01-01
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2011 mathematics assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. Overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, comparison of the average score in 2011 to…
Which Preschool Mathematics Competencies Are Most Predictive of Fifth Grade Achievement?
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Nguyen, Tutrang; Watts, Tyler W.; Duncan, Greg J.; Clements, Douglas H.; Sarama, Julie S.; Wolfe, Christopher; Spitler, Mary Elaine
2016-01-01
In an effort to promote best practices regarding mathematics teaching and learning at the preschool level, national advisory panels and organizations have emphasized the importance of children's emergent counting and related competencies, such as the ability to verbally count, maintain one-to-one correspondence, count with cardinality, subitize,…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Clarke, Carne; Fisher, William; Marks, Rick; Ross, Sharon; Zbiek, Rose Mary
2010-01-01
This book focuses on essential knowledge for teachers about rational numbers. It is organized around four big ideas, supported by multiple smaller, interconnected ideas--essential understandings. Taking teachers beyond a simple introduction to rational numbers, the book will broaden and deepen their mathematical understanding of one of the most…
Mathematical Problem-Solving Performance of Eighth-Grade Programmers and Nonprogrammers.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Blume, Glendon W.; Schoen, Harold L.
1988-01-01
Mathematical problem-solving processes used by 27 eighth graders who had studied programming were compared to those of 27 who had not. Programmers used more systematic approaches and reviewed solutions more often than nonprogrammers but did not make more use of equations or do more planning. (PK)
Gendered Patterns in High Achievement in Mathematics for Grades 4, 6, and 8
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Falvey, Laura J.
2012-01-01
The issue of underrepresentation of women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) careers is especially important to the future of the United States in current times when STEM careers play an increasingly important role in the global economy (Toulmin & Groome, 2007; United States Department of Labor, 2007). The pool of…
Math Play Therapy. Volume I. CSMP Mathematics for the Intermediate Grades.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
CEMREL, Inc., St. Louis, MO.
The Comprehensive School Mathematics Program (CSMP) materials presented here were in the process of development at the time of publication. It is noted that children generally classified as slow learners are, in many cases, pupils who have had unhappy experiences with learning. The instructional approach is designed to: (1) inspire pupils with a…
Development of Understanding and Self-Confidence in Mathematics; Grades 5-8
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hannula, Markku S.; Maijala, Hanna; Pehkonen, Erkki
2004-01-01
This paper presents some preliminary results of the longitudinal aspect of a research project on self-confidence and understanding in mathematics. We have collected a survey data of 3057 fifth-graders and seventh-graders and a follow-up data of ten classes (191 pupils) one and a half years later. The longitudinal data indicates that the learning…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Schneider, Michael; Grabner, Roland H.; Paetsch, Jennifer
2009-01-01
As indicated by the distance effect and the spatial-numerical association of response codes (SNARC) effect, natural numbers are mentally represented on a number line. Purportedly, this number line underlies children's number sense, which supports the acquisition of more advanced mathematical competencies. In 3 studies with a total of 429 fifth and…
Guidelines for Grades 9-12 Mathematics Curriculum. Toward Meeting Present and Future Needs.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Peterson, Wayne, Ed.
Three sequences of coursework are detailed in the curriculum development guidelines provided in this document. The 4-year sequence, structured around problem-solving, applications, and the acquisition of theory, is designed for the college-bound student who plans to enter a mathematics-based field of study. The 3-year sequence is designed for…
Robotics: Assessing Its Role in Improving Mathematics Skills for Grades 4 to 5
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Laughlin, Sara Rose
2013-01-01
Inspiring and motivating students to pursue science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education continues to be an important educational focus in the United States. Robotics programs are one strategy developed to accomplish this goal. This causal comparative study focused on investigating whether a causal relationship exists between…
Mathematics in a Second Grade Classroom: The Effects of Cognitively Guided Problem Solving
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Spilde, Amy
2013-01-01
The need for improved mathematics education in many of America's schools that serve students from low income households has been extensively documented. This practical action research study, set in a suburban Title I school with a primarily Hispanic, non-native English speaking population, is designed to explore the effects of the progression…
The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2011 State Snapshot Report. Maryland. Grade 8, Public Schools
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center for Education Statistics, 2011
2011-01-01
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2011 mathematics assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. Overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, comparison of the average score in 2011 to…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bryan, Rosemarie
2014-01-01
Students in U.S. public schools have consistently recorded substandard scores on measures of school performance in mathematics. This substandard performance could adversely affect the nation's future economic competitiveness, growth, and welfare. Educational and political leaders have sought school reforms that will result in U.S. students scoring…
The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2011 State Snapshot Report. DoDEA. Grade 8, Public Schools
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center for Education Statistics, 2011
2011-01-01
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2011 mathematics assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. Overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, comparison of the average score in 2011 to…
The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2011 State Snapshot Report. DoDEA. Grade 4, Public Schools
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Center for Education Statistics, 2011
2011-01-01
Each state and jurisdiction that participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2011 mathematics assessment receives a one-page snapshot report that presents key findings and trends in a condensed format. Overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, comparison of the average score in 2011 to…
Integrating Mathematics, Science, and Language: An Instructional Program (Volume 2, Grades 2-3).
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Southwest Educational Development Lab., Austin, TX.
The curriculum and resource guide for integrating mathematics, science, and English-as-a-Second-Language instruction is designed to help elementary school teachers organize classrooms and instructional activities to improve achievement of Hispanic children whose first language is not English. It offers a curriculum plan, instructional strategies…
Mathematics Instruction in Combination and Single-Grade Classes: An Exploratory Investigation.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mason, Dewayne A.; Good, Thomas L.
1996-01-01
This study compared the curriculum, instructional strategies, and organizational formats used by 6 elementary mathematics teachers with multigrade classes and those used by 18 who used either whole-class teaching or ability grouping. Analysis of videotaped lessons found significant differences between groups, suggesting that multigrade classes…
A Study of First Grade Children and Their Recall Memory When Using Active Learning in Mathematics.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Fife, Britiney Michelle
One of the most important concepts in the first grade math curriculum is learning addition facts. In schools today, teachers use many different methods to teach addition and subtraction concepts and the memorization of basic facts. A new movement in education advocates using movement to aid in rote memory of facts. In this project the researcher…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Dash, Sheralyn; de Kramer, Raquel Magidin; O'Dwyer, Laura M.; Masters, Jessica; Russell, Michael
2012-01-01
Despite the ever-increasing number of online professional development (OPD) programs, relatively few studies have been conducted to examine the efficacy of such programs for teachers and students. This manuscript presents findings from an impact study of OPD courses in fractions, algebraic thinking, and measurement on 79 fifth grade teachers'…
A Study of Japanese Lesson Study with Third Grade Mathematics Teachers in a Small School District
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hart, Lynn
2009-01-01
This paper describes implementation of a Lesson Study project with third grade teachers in a small school district to study the development of the critical lenses (perspectives) necessary for meaningful lesson study work. Adapting the Lesson Study process to meet school system needs, two outside facilitators stimulated teacher thinking with math…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Linder, Sandra M.
2012-01-01
Teachers are using technological innovations--including interactive whiteboards--in pre-K-grade 3 classrooms across the country. An IWB is a wall-mounted, touch-sensitive flat screen. When connected to a computer (or another electronic device) and a projector, it displays enlarged instructional content (such as a math word problem, pictures or…
Factors Influencing Mathematical Problem-Solving Achievement of Seventh Grade Turkish Students
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Guven, Bulent; Cabakcor, Buket Ozum
2013-01-01
It is known that there are many factors affecting students' problem-solving abilities. In this study, the influence of seventh-grade students' affective factors, their academic success, their gender and their families' educational levels on their problem-solving achievement was examined. To achieve this aim, a Problem-Solving Attitude Scale, a…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Foster, Thomas Edward
The purpose of the study was to investigate problem-solving performance with regard to non-routine problem experiences in which the computer and flow charts were used as aids. Performance data were collected using an investigator-constructed posttest. Sixty-eight eighth grade students were partitioned into four treatment groups: G1 used neither…
Are You Convinced? Middle-Grade Students' Evaluations of Mathematical Arguments
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Bieda, Kristen N.; Lepak, Jerilynn
2014-01-01
Students learn norms of proving by observing teachers generating proofs, engaging in proving, and generalizing features of proofs deemed convincing by an authority, such as a textbook. Students at all grade levels have difficulties generating valid proof; however, little research exists on students' understandings about what makes a…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Minato, Saburoh
1983-01-01
Subjects were 175 eighth-grade students of a public lower secondary school in Akita Prefecture, Japan. Attitudes were measured by a version of a semantic differential scale originally developed to assess attitudes of prospective elementary school teachers. The hope is expressed that the instrument will be used in the West. (Author/MP)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Post, Thomas R.; Harwell, Michael R.; Davis, Jon D.; Maeda, Yukiko; Cutler, Arnie; Andersen, Edwin; Kahan, Jeremy A.; Norman, Ke Wu
2008-01-01
This study examined achievement patterns of middle school students enrolled in Standards-based curricula, in particular those curricula that were funded from a solicitation of proposals through the National Science Foundation (NSF) in the early 1990s (NSF RFP 91-100). Approximately 1400 middle-grades students who had used either the Connected…
Hernandez-Calderon, I.; Asomoza, R.
1997-01-01
These proceedings represent papers presented at the 8th Latin American Congress on Surface Science and its Applications. The wide spectrum of subjects covered included theoretical and experimental research in low dimensional systems, vacuum system design, biomaterial interfaces, surface magnetism, superconductivity, catalysis, adsorption, surface imaging, porous and amorphous materials, surface spectroscopies, electronic properties, and other topics. There were 131 papers presented and 26 have been abstracted for the Energy Science and Technology database.(AIP)
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ashrafi, H.; Shariyat, M.
2015-09-01
In the present research, a functionally graded (FG) boundary integral equation method capable of modeling quasistatic behavior of heterogeneous media fabricated from functionally graded materials (FGMs) whose distributions of the material properties obey either power or exponential laws is developed. Two heterogeneous material gradation models were employed to present the numerical formulations and solution algorithm. Somigliana's identity in 2D displacement fields of the isotropic heterogeneous domains is numerically implemented, employing FG elements. Based on the constitutive and governing equations and the weighted residual technique, the proposed boundary integral equation formulations are implemented for behavior analysis of the elastic heterogeneous isotropic solid structures. Results are verified and the proposed boundary element (BE) formulation is employed for behavior analysis of the plates and cylinders to demonstrate the proposed procedure more adequately.
A review of strategies to address the shortage of science and mathematics educators in grades 10-12
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Magano, Florence Lesedi
For an education system to function effectively it is important that its planning functions are executed effectively and efficiently. Among others this implies that the system must know what the teacher supply and demand is and how it will change in time. If the teacher supply and demand is known it could result in sound intervention strategies being developed and implemented. Education planners will be able to plan for the number of bursaries to be awarded and in which subject fields; it will be known how many foreign teachers to employ and for which subjects. This is the basic rationale that underpins this study. This study explored the problem of teacher demand and supply in the Further Education and Training (FET) phase (Grades 10 to 12) in South Africa and offers a critical analysis of strategies adopted by Provincial Education Departments in an endeavour to diminish the demand for teachers, specifically for Mathematics and Science, in rural and poor schools. Initially the study involved a secondary data analysis to extrapolate the demand and supply of teachers in Mathematics and Science over the next ten years. The first key finding of the study was that the data needed for such an analysis does not exist in any reliable form that would facilitate the development of such a projection. What the study had to rely on was anecdotal evidence that suggests that a shortage of Mathematics and Science teachers does exist and that posts are often filled by unqualified and under-qualified staff. In the second phase of the research in which the study explored the effectiveness of strategies developed to address the shortage of Mathematics and Science teachers, a qualitative research approach was adopted within a descriptive interpretive design. The views and opinions of human resource managers responsible for post provisioning in schools were explored through in-depth interviews to understand the types of strategy adopted by the provinces, their potential to alleviate
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
House, J. Daniel; Telese, James A.
2016-01-01
Research studies have identified several factors related to mathematics achievement of students in Korea. Further, results from the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) assessments have shown that instructional practices and beliefs about mathematics were significantly associated with mathematics achievement of students in…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Roth, Wolff-Michael; Bowen, G. Michael
The purpose of this classroom study was to investigate the use of mathematical representations in three Grade 8 general science classes that engaged in a 10-week open inquiry about the correlations between biological and physical variables in the environment. A constructivist perspective was used to design the study and to assemble the data sources. These data sources included videotapes of students in their work, audiotapes of teacher-student interactions and teacher interviews, the transcripts of these tapes, the students' field notebooks, field reports, special problem assignments, examinations, and the teachers' curriculum guides, field notes, and reflective journal. An interpretive method was used to construct assertions and the supporting data. In the setting provided, students increasingly used mathematical representations such as graphs and data tables to support their claims in a convincing manner; the use of abstract equations and percent calculations did not change over the course of the study. Representations such as graphs, maps, averages, and equations were not only useful as inscriptions (representations in some permanent medium, usually paper), but also as conscription devices in the construction of, and through which, students engaged each other to collaboratively construct meaning. This study demonstrates the use of representations as conscription devices, and illustrates how the use and understanding of inscriptions changes over time. Understanding representations as inscription and conscription devices focuses on the social aspects of knowing, which has important implications for teachers' conceptualization of learning and their organization of science classrooms.
A mathematical model of the cardiovascular system under graded exercise levels.
Wang, Lu; Zhang, Yi; Guo, Ying; Nguyen, Nghia; Zhang, Daoming; Celler, Branko G
2012-01-01
This paper presents a nonlinear cardiovascular model for the study of cardiovascular response during graded exercise. There are two major innovations embedded in this model. Firstly, by tuning only three parameters, all major cardiovascular variables were accurately reproduced. Secondly, a robust and efficient function, which was built up using Support Vector Machine Regression, was added to the model to estimate metabolic demand. Experimental results for ten untrained males indicated that the established model is accurate in the sense that its predicted output was in good agreement with the measured data.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Davidson, Anne Burgess
Did the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) ask eighth grade science teachers the right questions about their use of instructional time? TIMSS asked teachers to recall a lesson that they had taught, and then group activities into 11 categories. This study examined the TIMSS question "How did the lesson proceed?" by…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Grover, Dennis
2012-01-01
The purpose of this study was to identify the impact the implementation of the Baldrige Education Criteria had on the mathematics portion of the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) for eighth grade at-risk students. The three research questions (a) examined the effects the Baldrige Education Criteria had on individual institutions over…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Murimo, Adelino Evaristo
2013-01-01
The third study by the "Southern and Eastern Africa Consortium for Monitoring Education Quality" (SACMEQ) revealed that achievement in mathematics among Grade 6 children in Mozambique is declining, and gender differences favouring boys persist. This study examined the contribution of parents, economic resources and cultural factors on…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Moench, Laurel
The Program for Learning in Accordance with Needs (PLAN) is characterized by a completely individualized pattern of organization. It employs multiple textbooks and materials which cross grade level lines, subject matter area lines, and teacher-pupil lines. It places particular emphasis on a high concentration of modern mathematics content. The…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Nese, Joseph F. T.; Lai, Cheng-Fei; Anderson, Daniel; Jamgochian, Elisa M.; Kamata, Akihito; Saez, Leilani; Park, Bitnara J.; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald
2010-01-01
In this technical report, data are presented on the practical utility, reliability, and validity of the easyCBM[R] mathematics (2009-2010 version) measures for students in grades 3-8 within four districts in two states. Analyses include: minimum acceptable within-year growth; minimum acceptable year-end benchmark performance; internal and…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Cheval, Kathryn Meador
2009-01-01
The purpose of this qualitative case study was to investigate the development of social norms in a fifth-grade reform-based mathematics classroom through a close examination of one teacher's actions during the first three weeks of school. This study offers insights into the following research questions: (1) How does an elementary teacher in a…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald
2009-01-01
In this technical report, we describe the development and piloting of a series of mathematics progress monitoring measures intended for use with students in grade 1. These measures, available as part of easyCBM [TM], an online progress monitoring assessment system, were developed in 2008 and administered to approximately 2800 students from schools…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Britton, Jeanette; And Others
The interdisciplinary unit for seventh grade students, involving art, social studies, and mathematics, focuses on a study of the forms, symbols, designs, and colors of the traditional art form of the Plains Indians, the Medicine Wheel. Objectives of the unit are for students to gain an understanding of the culture of the Plains Indians; to develop…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Speziale, Kerry Maureen
2011-01-01
This study determined whether chronological age differences among students in the same grade level affected their respective levels of academic performance on the Pennsylvania System of School Assessment (PSSA) mathematics assessment. The study analyzed the additional independent variables of gender, socioeconomic status, and special education…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Chonkaew, Patcharee; Sukhummek, Boonnak; Faikhamta, Chatree
2016-01-01
The purpose of this study was to investigate the analytical thinking abilities and attitudes towards science learning of grade-11 students through science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education integrated with a problem-based learning in the study of stoichiometry. The research tools consisted of a pre- and post-analytical…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Polat, Nihat; Zarecky-Hodge, Ashley; Schreiber, James B.
2016-01-01
Utilizing the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) data, this study examined (1) how fourth and eighth-grade ELLs' mathematics and reading scores on national tests compared to their non-ELL peers' scores over the testing period between 2003 and 2011, and (2) if gender and ethnicity contributed to variation in the growth patterns…
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Glassman, Nanci A.; Perry, Jeannine B.; Giersch, Christopher E.; Lambert, Matthew A.; Pinelli, Thomas E.
2004-01-01
NASA CONNECT is a research-, inquiry, and standards-based, integrated mathematics, science, and technology series of 30-minute instructional distance learning (television and web-based) programs for students in grades 6 8. Respondents who evaluated the programs in the series over the first five seasons (1998-99 through 2002-03) reported that (1) they used the programs in the series; (2) the goals and objectives for the series were met; (3) the programs were aligned with the national mathematics, science, and technology standards; (4) the program content was developmentally appropriate for the grade level; and (5) the programs in the series enhanced and enriched the teaching of mathematics, science, and technology.
Troum, Orrin M; Pimienta, Olga L; Olech, Ewa; Østergaard, Mikkel; Thiele, Ralf; Seraphine, Judy L; Bruyn, George A W; Peterfy, Charles
2016-06-01
The International Society for Musculoskeletal Imaging in Rheumatology (ISEMIR) was founded in 2005 with the goal of discussing matters related to imaging in rheumatology, particularly, validation, education, and use in both clinical practice and research. The field of musculoskeletal (MSK) imaging is continuously evolving; therefore, education for healthcare providers in this field is of paramount importance. ISEMIR's international faculty and world-renowned experts presented the newest information as it relates to the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound (US) at the 8th annual ISEMIR meeting that took place on April 17-18 in Santa Monica, California. Presentations from the meeting can be viewed at www.isemir.org.
Proceedings of the 8th Annual Summer Conference: NASA/USRA Advanced Design Program
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1992-01-01
Papers presented at the 8th Annual Summer Conference are categorized as Space Projects and Aeronautics projects. Topics covered include: Systematic Propulsion Optimization Tools (SPOT), Assured Crew Return Vehicle Post Landing Configuration Design and Test, Autonomous Support for Microorganism Research in Space, Bioregenerative System Components for Microgravity, The Extended Mission Rover (EMR), Planetary Surface Exploration MESUR/Autonomous Lunar Rover, Automation of Closed Environments in Space for Human Comfort and Safety, Walking Robot Design, Extraterrestrial Surface Propulsion Systems, The Design of Four Hypersonic Reconnaissance Aircraft, Design of a Refueling Tanker Delivering Liquid Hydrogen, The Design of a Long-Range Megatransport Aircraft, and Solar Powered Multipurpose Remotely Powered Aircraft.
Unlocking the wasting enigma: Highlights from the 8th Cachexia Conference
von Haehling, Stephan
2016-01-01
Abstract This article highlights pre‐clinical and clinical studies into the field of wasting disorders that were presented at the 8th Cachexia Conference held in Paris, France December 2015. This year some interesting results of clinical trials and different new therapeutic targets were shown. This article presents the biological and clinical significance of different markers and new drugs for the treatment of skeletal muscle wasting. Effective treatments of cachexia and wasting disorders are urgently needed in order to improve the patients' quality of life and their survival. PMID:27128291
Conference summary & recent advances: The 8th Conference on Metal Toxicity and Carcinogenesis
Zhou, Xixi; Burchiel, Scott W.; Hudson, Laurie G.; Liu, Ke Jian
2015-01-01
Diseases caused by occupational and environmental exposure to metals are a public health concern. The underlying molecular mechanisms of metal toxicity and carcinogenicity remain largely unknown. Over 130 scientists attended the 8th Conference on Metal Toxicity and Carcinogenesis, presenting their various research concerns and recent findings to stimulate interactions and collaborations among scientists in the field. Several major areas were emphasized, including human & population studies, molecular & cellular mechanisms, biological targets, epigenetic effects, metabolism, and metal mixtures. Here we summarize presentations at the conference sessions and highlight the attendees’ latest work published in this special issue of Biological Trace Element Research. PMID:25975949
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sadeghi, Nader; Czarnetzki, Uwe
2010-03-01
The 8th Workshop on Frontiers in Low Temperature Plasma Diagnostics (FLTPD) was held in Blansko, near Brno, Czech Republic. FLTPD is a biennial European event in which scientists working on low temperature plasmas present their recent results, pointing out in particular the originality of the diagnostic techniques used. The idea of starting this series of workshops was born out of a discussion between Frieder Döbele, Bill Graham and one of us when travelling together from Bar Harbor, USA (after the 6th LAPD) to Montreal, Canada, in October 1993. It became evident that we had been lacking a European meeting that could bring together experts in the field of low temperature plasma diagnostics and facilitate sharing the knowledge of these diagnostics with a new generation of scientists. The first FLTPD was held in Les Houches, France, in February 1995. Since then it has been held in the spring of every other year in different European countries, as shown below. The next meeting will be held in Zinnowitz, near Greifswald, Germany, in May 2011. Year Location Chair of LOC 1995 Les Houches, France J Derouard 1997 Bad Honnef, Germany F Döbele 1999 Saillon, Switzerland Ch Hollenstein 2001 Rolduc, The Netherlands R van de Sanden 2003 Specchia, Italy S De Benedictis 2005 Les Houches, France N Sadeghi 2007 Cumbria, United Kingdom M Bowden 2009 Blansko, Czech Republic F Krčma To favour brainstorming and extended discussions between participants, FLTPD meetings have always been organized in isolated locations with the number of attendees limited to about 70. Workshops are held over three and a half days with about ten expert presentations by invited speakers (a few from overseas), as well as short oral or poster contributions. This special issue of Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics contains 20 articles representative of contributions to the last FLTPD in Blansko. All invited speakers and others who gave presentations, as selected by the Scientific Committee, were invited
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Mullis, Ina V. S.; Martin, Michael O.; Gonzalez, Eugenio J.; Chrostowski, Steven J.
2004-01-01
The Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2003 is the most recent in a very ambitious series of international assessments conducted in nearly 50 countries to measure trends in mathematics and science learning. The aim of TIMSS, the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study, is to improve the teaching and…