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Sample records for 8th grade teachers

  1. Environmental Studies Center Teacher Books. 8th Grade - Beach Investigation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin County Schools, Jensen Beach, FL. Environmental Studies Center.

    This teacher's guide, one of nine teacher packages developed for use in the sequential, hands-on, field-oriented, K-8 environmental education program of the Martin County Schools in Florida, was developed for use with secondary children in grade eight prior to and after a visit to an environmental studies center located near an estuarine area. The…

  2. Primary School English Teachers' Perceptions of the English Language Curriculum of 6th, 7th and 8th Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ersen Yanik, Asli

    2008-01-01

    This study aims to investigate how the teachers who have different background characteristics perceive the goals and content of the English language curriculum implemented at the 6th, 7th and 8th grades of public primary schools. The study was conducted during the 2004-2005 school year with 368 English teachers selected from the seven regions of…

  3. 8th Grade Algebra Teachers in Arkansas to Need State Nod

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavanagh, Sean

    2008-01-01

    Lindsay E. Carlton has taught mathematics to students at different grades, with different ability levels. Now, the young educator's state wants to recognize her ability to work with one group in particular: 8th graders enrolled in introductory algebra. Carlton is one of many math educators across Arkansas who plan to acquire a new, unusual state…

  4. Solar Energy. 7th and 8th Grade Agriculture Science Curriculum. Teacher Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale. Dept. of Agricultural Education and Mechanization.

    This curriculum guide, the third in a set of six, contains teacher and student materials for a unit on solar energy prepared as part of a seventh- and eighth-grade agricultural science curriculum that is integrated with science instruction. The guide contains the state goals and sample learning objectives for each goal for students in grades 8-10…

  5. Mechanical Advantage. 7th and 8th Grade Agriculture Science Curriculum. Teacher Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale. Dept. of Agricultural Education and Mechanization.

    This curriculum guide, the fourth in a set of six, contains teacher and student materials for a unit on mechanical engineering prepared as part of a seventh- and eighth-grade agricultural science curriculum that is integrated with science instruction. The guide contains the state goals and sample learning objectives for each goal for students in…

  6. Electrical Energy. 7th and 8th Grade Agriculture Science Curriculum. Teacher Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale. Dept. of Agricultural Education and Mechanization.

    This curriculum guide, the fifth in a set of six, contains teacher and student materials for a unit on electrical energy prepared as part of a seventh- and eighth-grade agricultural science curriculum that is integrated with science instruction. The guide contains the state goals and sample learning objectives for each goal for students in grades…

  7. Electromagnetic Spectrum. 7th and 8th Grade Agriculture Science Curriculum. Teacher Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale. Dept. of Agricultural Education and Mechanization.

    This curriculum guide, the second in a set of six, contains teacher and student materials for a unit on the electromagnetic spectrum prepared as part of a seventh- and eighth-grade agricultural science curriculum that is integrated with science instruction. The guide contains the state goals and sample learning objectives for each goal for…

  8. Teacher Turnover Impact on 1st-8th Grade Student Academic Achievement: A Correlational Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, Johnnie M.

    2010-01-01

    The impact of schools and students not meeting academic achievement standards affects the community and the nation's future workforce. This paper examines many of the factors influencing achievement with special attention given to the facts of teacher turnover in the schools. Teacher turnover and the sad state of the academic achievement of…

  9. Science and Technology Teachers' Opinions about Problems Faced While Teaching 8th Grade Science Unit "Force and Motion" and Suggestions for Solutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bozdogan, Aykut Emre; Uzoglu, Mustafa

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to explore the problems encountered while teaching force and motion unit in 8th grade science and technology course from teachers' perspectives and offer solutions to eliminate these problems. The study was conducted with 248 science and technology teachers working in 7 regions in Turkey in 2012-2013 academic year.…

  10. The Inside Story [Learning Packages for Exploratory Career Education--7th and 8th Grades: Teacher and Student Editions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kemp, Louie E., Comp.

    The four learning packages for exploratory career education are designed for use at the seventh and eighth grade levels. Each unit includes coordinated teacher and student editions. The units are: Culinary Cubs, focusing on occupations in the areas of food management, production, and services, with special reference to dietitians; Mini Nursery,…

  11. I Invite You To Know the Earth II. 5th to 8th Grade of Preparatory School Teacher's Guide [and] 5th to 8th Grade of Preparatory School Textbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission.

    The student textbook is designed for grades 5-8 and explores various earth science topics. A cartoon character named Tommy Tsumi explores earth facts and concepts throughout the text. Activities, materials, and learning objectives for each unit in the textbook are presented in the teacher's guide. Units in both books include: (1) "The Outside of…

  12. The Influence of Documentary Films on 8th Grade Students' Views about Nature of Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seckin Kapucu, Munise; Cakmakci, Gultekin; Aydogdu, Cemil

    2015-01-01

    This quasi-experimental study aims to investigate the documentary films' influence on 8th grade students' nature of science views. The study's participants were 113 8th grade students from two different schools taught by two different teachers. The study was completed over a 6-week period, during which topics related to "Cell Division and…

  13. Promoting Original Scientific Research and Teacher Training Through a High School Science Research Program: A Five Year Retrospective and Analysis of the Impact on Mentored 8th Grade Geoscience Students and the Mentors Themselves

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Danch, J. M.

    2015-12-01

    In 2010 a group of 8th grade geoscience students participated in an extracurricular activity allowing them to conduct original scientific research while being mentored by students enrolled in a 3 - year high school Science Research program. Upon entering high school the mentored students themselves enrolled in the Science Research program and continued for 4 years, culminating with their participation in Science Research 4. This allowed them to continue conducting original scientific research, act as mentors to 8th grade geoscience students and to provide teacher training for both middle and high school teachers conducting inquiry-based science lessons. Of the 7 Science Research 4 students participating since 2010, 100% plan on majoring or minoring in a STEM - related field in college and their individual research projects have been been granted over 70 different awards and honors in science fair and symposia including a 3rd and 4th place category awards at two different international science fairs - the International Sustainable Energy Engineering and Environment Project (iSWEEP) and the International Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF). Science Research 4 students developed and conducted a Society for Science and the Public affiliated science fair for middle school students enrolled in an 8th grade honors geoscience program allowing over 100 students from 5 middle schools to present their research and be judged by STEM professionals. Students with research judged in the top 10% were nominated for participation in the National Broadcom MASTERS program which they successfully entered upon further mentoring from the Science Research 4 students. 8th grade enrollment in the Science Research program for 2015 increased by almost 50% with feedback from students, parents and teachers indicating that the mentorship and participation in the 8th grade science fair were factors in increasing interest in continuing authentic scientific research in high school.

  14. Investigation into How 8th Grade Students Define Fractals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karakus, Fatih

    2015-01-01

    The analysis of 8th grade students' concept definitions and concept images can provide information about their mental schema of fractals. There is limited research on students' understanding and definitions of fractals. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the elementary students' definitions of fractals based on concept image and concept…

  15. The Implementation of Effective Teaching Practices in English Classroom for Grades 8th, 9th, and 10th.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Hilawani, Yasser A.; And Others

    This study explored teachers' behavior as related to effective teaching practices in 8th, 9th, and 10th grade English classrooms in Jordan. The study also examined some variables that could predict teachers' implementation of effective teaching practices and aimed at finding an estimate of the percentage of students in 8th, 9th, and 10th grades…

  16. Curriculum Manual: 6th, 7th, 8th Grades.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snell, Ednell M.; Snapp, Betty Lou

    This home economics curriculum for the middle school (grades 6-8) is designed to assist students in developing self-concept, making decisions, and developing basic skills. Written by a group of home economics teachers, this curriculum contains nine learning packages on the following topics: (1) consumer management; (2) decision management; (3)…

  17. Brief Science Performance Evaluation on 8th Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mocanu, Gabriela

    2010-01-01

    This paper aims to provide some statistics concerning the science performance of a group of 59 8th graders, studying in three different classes (may be regarded as different study groups). Eight science items were used, two from each content domain: chemistry, biology, mathematics and physics. These items were taken from the 2007 edition of the…

  18. Work Values of 5th, 8th, and 11th Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hales, Loyde W.; Fenner, Bradford

    1972-01-01

    Self Realization, Job Security, Money, and Altruism were found to be the most important work values, with 5th and 8th grade students differing from 11th grade students on Altruism and Self Realization. (Author)

  19. Implementing Mapping the Beat in the 8th Grade

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, Ronald Craig

    2010-01-01

    This article is based on a doctoral dissertation study, "Expanding Geographic Understanding in Grade 8 Social Studies Classes through Integration of Geography, Music, and History: A QuasiExperimental Study" that took place in a high-achieving, suburban middle school in Southern California. The study compared learning as a result of nine…

  20. Occupational Exploration at Ontario Junior High School: 8th Grade.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bates, Gene; And Others

    The document contains 47 activities for Grade 8. The contents include the following areas: questionnaires; work vocabularies; employment seeking procedures--employment ads, application forms, resumes, job interviews, and resume preparation advice; a 24-page unit presenting occupational information in relation to career choice and job application…

  1. Ready to Go: Using the EXPLORE Test to Increase 8th Grade Readiness for Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rochford, Joseph A.; O'Neill, Adrienne; Gelb, Adele

    2010-01-01

    During the 2009-10 academic year, 1,444 8th grade students in the Canton City, Plain and Marlington Local School Districts (hereafter called Stark students) took the EXPLORE Test as part of a pilot project, "Ready to Go: Increasing Eighth Grade Readiness," sponsored by the Stark Education Partnership with funding from the Ohio College Access…

  2. Determination of the Relationship between 8th Grade Students Learning Styles and TIMSS Mathematics Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yilmaz, Gül Kaleli; Koparan, Timur; Hanci, Alper

    2016-01-01

    In this study, it is aimed to determination of the relationship between learning styles and TIMSS mathematics achievements of eighth grade students. Correlational research design that is one of the quantitative research methods, was used in this study. The sample of the research consists of 652 8th grade students 347 are male and 305 are female…

  3. Changes in Math Proficiency between 8th and 10th Grades. Statistics in Brief.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rock, Don; And Others

    Between 8th and 10th grades, many students are asked to make curriculum-related decisions that may ultimately influence their achievement in core academic subjects such as mathematics. While past achievement often limits the level of courses available to a student, aspirations for postsecondary education ultimately determine the level of…

  4. An Application of Cognitive Diagnostic Assessment on TIMMS-2007 8th Grade Mathematics Items

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toker, Turker; Green, Kathy

    2012-01-01

    The least squares distance method (LSDM) was used in a cognitive diagnostic analysis of TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study) items administered to 4,498 8th-grade students from seven geographical regions of Turkey, extending analysis of attributes from content to process and skill attributes. Logit item positions were…

  5. Spatial Visualization as Mediating between Mathematics Learning Strategy and Mathematics Achievement among 8th Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rabab'h, Belal; Veloo, Arsaythamby

    2015-01-01

    Jordanian 8th grade students revealed low achievement in mathematics through four periods (1999, 2003, 2007 & 2011) of Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). This study aimed to determine whether spatial visualization mediates the affect of Mathematics Learning Strategies (MLS) factors namely mathematics attitude,…

  6. The Effect on the 8th Grade Students' Attitude towards Statistics of Project Based Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koparan, Timur; Güven, Bülent

    2014-01-01

    This study investigates the effect of the project based learning approach on 8th grade students' attitude towards statistics. With this aim, an attitude scale towards statistics was developed. Quasi-experimental research model was used in this study. Following this model in the control group the traditional method was applied to teach statistics…

  7. Bibliography of Research Support for K-8th Grade Inclusive Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center on Schoolwide Inclusive School Reform: The SWIFT Center, 2014

    2014-01-01

    Presented here are references to books, chapters, and peer-reviewed journal articles that provide evidence for improved student outcomes through inclusive education in elementary and middle schools (K-8th grades). Not included here are the broad evidence bases for each feature in the SWIFT framework.

  8. Factors that Influence Mental Health Stigma among 8th Grade Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chandra, Anita; Minkovitz, Cynthia S.

    2007-01-01

    Unmet mental health need is a significant problem for adolescents. Although stigma is identified as a major barrier to the use of mental health services among youth, there is limited research on this topic. In-depth interviews (n = 57) among a sample of 8th grade students in a suburban, mid-Atlantic community portray adolescent mental health…

  9. Measuring the Confidence of 8th Grade Taiwanese Students' Knowledge of Acids and Bases

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jack, Brady Michael; Liu, Chia-Ju; Chiu, Houn-Lin; Tsai, Chun-Yen

    2012-01-01

    The present study investigated whether gender differences were present on the confidence judgments made by 8th grade Taiwanese students on the accuracy of their responses to acid-base test items. A total of 147 (76 male, 71 female) students provided item-specific confidence judgments during a test of their knowledge of acids and bases. Using the…

  10. A Structural Equation Model Explaining 8th Grade Students' Mathematics Achievements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yurt, Eyüp; Sünbül, Ali Murat

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate, via a model, the explanatory and predictive relationships among the following variables: Mathematical Problem Solving and Reasoning Skills, Sources of Mathematics Self-Efficacy, Spatial Ability, and Mathematics Achievements of Secondary School 8th Grade Students. The sample group of the study, itself…

  11. Middle school science curriculum design and 8th grade student achievement in Massachusetts public schools

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clifford, Betsey A.

    The Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education (DESE) released proposed Science and Technology/Engineering standards in 2013 outlining the concepts that should be taught at each grade level. Previously, standards were in grade spans and each district determined the method of implementation. There are two different methods used teaching middle school science: integrated and discipline-based. In the proposed standards, the Massachusetts DESE uses grade-by-grade standards using an integrated approach. It was not known if there is a statistically significant difference in student achievement on the 8th grade science MCAS assessment for students taught with an integrated or discipline-based approach. The results on the 8th grade science MCAS test from six public school districts from 2010 -- 2013 were collected and analyzed. The methodology used was quantitative. Results of an ANOVA showed that there was no statistically significant difference in overall student achievement between the two curriculum models. Furthermore, there was no statistically significant difference for the various domains: Earth and Space Science, Life Science, Physical Science, and Technology/Engineering. This information is useful for districts hesitant to make the change from a discipline-based approach to an integrated approach. More research should be conducted on this topic with a larger sample size to better support the results.

  12. An Assessment of 4th, 8th, and 11th Grade Students' Knowledge Related to Marine Science and Natural Resource Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brody, Michael J.; Koch, Helmut

    In an effort to contribute information for science teachers and curriculum developers in Maine, this study generated base line data on 4th, 8th, and 11th grade students' knowledge of marine science and natural resources principles in relation to the Gulf of Maine. Five concept maps representing 15 major content principles were developed. Two…

  13. K-8th Grade Korean Students' Conceptions of 'Changes of State' and 'Conditions for Changes of State'. Research Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paik, Seoung-Hey; Kim, Hyo-Nam; Cho, Boo-Kyoung; Park, Jae-Won

    2004-01-01

    This study investigates the various conceptions held by K-8th Korean grade students regarding the 'changes of state' and the 'conditions for changes of state'. The study used a sample of five kindergarteners, five secondgrade students, five fourth-grade students, five sixth-grade students, and five eighth-grade students. The 25 students attend…

  14. Examination of the 8th grade students' TIMSS mathematics success in terms of different variables

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaleli-Yılmaz, Gül; Hanci, Alper

    2016-07-01

    The aim of this study is to determine how the TIMSS mathematics success of the 8th grade students differentiates according to the school type, gender, mathematics report mark, parents' education level, cognitive domains and cognitive domains by gender. Relational survey method was used in the study. Six-hundred fifty two 8th grade students studying in the same city in Turkey participated in this study. In this study, a 45 question test that was made up by choosing TIMSS 2011 mathematics questionnaire was used as a data collection tool. Quantitative data analysis methods were used in the data analysis, frequency, percentage, average, standard deviation, independent sample test, one-way analysis of variance and post-hoc tests were applied to data by using SPSS packaged software. At the end of the study, it was determined that the school type, mathematics school mark, parents' education level and cognitive domains influenced the students' TIMSS mathematics success but their gender was a neutral element. Moreover, it was seen that schools which are really successful in national exams are more successful in TIMSS exam; students whose mathematics school marks are 5 and whose parents graduated from university are more successful in TIMSS exams than others. This study was produced from Alper HANCİ's master thesis that is made consulting Asst. Prof. Gül KALELİ YILMAZ.

  15. Longitudinal Investigation of Elementary Students' Science Academic Achievement in 4-8th Grades: Grade Level and Gender Differences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bursal, Murat

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the change of the science academic achievement by grade level and gender where 222 elementary students' science and technology course scores between the 4th and 8th grades and science success percentages in 6th and 8th grades Level Determination Exam were longitudinally analyzed. Based on the findings of this study,…

  16. How (and How Much) Do Schools Matter? Variation in K-8th Grade Achievement Trajectories in a National Sample

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartz, Kate; Cappella, Elise; Scott, Marc; Seidman, Edward; Kim, Ha Yeon

    2015-01-01

    The current study extends research on the transition to early adolescence and middle grade schools by examining students' achievement trajectories from school entry through 8th grade in a national sample, and beginning to disassociate the role of school context and school grade configuration in achievement trajectories. Data were drawn from the…

  17. Charge It! Translating Electric Vehicle Research Results to Engage 7th and 8th Grade Girls

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Egbue, Ona; Long, Suzanna; Ng, Ean-Harn

    2015-10-01

    Despite attempts to generate interest in science and technology careers, US students continue to show reduced interest in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) majors at the collegiate level. If girls are not engaged in STEM learning by the middle school level, studies show that they are even less likely to choose a science- or engineering-related major. This article presents results from a workshop for 7th and 8th grade girls designed to promote knowledge building in the area of sustainability and alternative energy use in transportation and to stimulate greater interest in STEM subjects. The workshop based on research conducted at University X focused on basic concepts of electric vehicles and electric vehicles' batteries. Tests were conducted to evaluate the students' knowledge and perceptions of electric vehicles and to determine the impact of the workshop. Early exposure to meaningful engineering experiences for these young girls may boost interest and the eventual pursuit of engineering and technology education paths.

  18. A study of the effects of constructivist-based vs. traditional direct instruction on 8th grade science comprehension

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Berube, Clair Thompson

    2001-07-01

    Studies conducted nationwide over the past several decades point consistently to the evidence that American school children lag behind several other countries in science scores. Problems arise from this dilemma, including the question of the ability of our youngsters to compete nationally and globally in the sciences as adults. Current research in this area of scores currently studies mostly mathematics. The few studies conducted concerning science mainly highlight students in other countries and neglects minorities and females regarding outcomes. By contrast, this study investigated the effects of teacher types (also defined as teaching styles or classroom orientation) on student outcomes on two measures; the standardized Standards of Learning 8th grade science test for the state of Virginia, and the Higher-Order Skills test (Berube, 2001), which was a researcher-constricted comprehension measurement. Minority and gender interactions were analyzed as well. Teacher type was designated by using the Constructivist Learning Environment Survey (Taylor & Fraser, 1991). Participants included students from five large urban middle schools and thirteen middle school science teachers. Scores from the two measures were used to determine differences in student outcomes as they pertained to teacher type, gender and ethnicity. Analysis indicated that students who were taught by teachers with more traditional and mixed teaching styles performed better on the Higher-Order Skills comprehension measurement, while teachers with constructivist teaching styles actually had the lowest scoring students. Also, the interaction of ethnicity and teacher type was significant, indicating that Higher-Order Skills scores were influenced by that interaction, with Caucasians scoring the highest when taught by teachers with mixed teaching styles. Such findings could profit school administrators considering the interaction of student achievement and teaching styles on high-stakes testing

  19. Chemistry to music: Discovering how Music-based Teaching affects academic achievement and student motivation in an 8th grade science class

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McCammon, William Gavin Lodge, Jr.

    Teachers should have access to new and innovative tools in order to engage and motivate their students in the classroom. This is especially important as many students view school as an antiquated and dull environment - which they must seemingly suffer through to advance. School need not be a dreaded environment. The use of music as a tool for learning can be employed by any teacher to create an engaging and exciting atmosphere where students actively participate and learn to value their classroom experience. Through this study, a product and process was developed that is now available for any 8th grade science teacher interested in using music to enhance their content. In this study 8th grade students (n=41) in a public school classroom actively interacted with modern songs created to enhance the teaching of chemistry. Data were collected and analyzed in order to determine the effects that the music treatment had on student achievement and motivation, compared to a control group (n=35). Current literature provides a foundation for the benefits for music listening and training, but academic research in the area of using music as a tool for teaching content was noticeably absent. This study identifies a new area of research called "Music-based Teaching" which results in increases in motivation for 8th grade students learning chemistry. The unintended results of the study are additionally significant as the teacher conducting the treatment experienced newfound enthusiasm, passion, and excitement for her profession.

  20. 3D Visualization Types in Multimedia Applications for Science Learning: A Case Study for 8th Grade Students in Greece

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Korakakis, G.; Pavlatou, E. A.; Palyvos, J. A.; Spyrellis, N.

    2009-01-01

    This research aims to determine whether the use of specific types of visualization (3D illustration, 3D animation, and interactive 3D animation) combined with narration and text, contributes to the learning process of 13- and 14- years-old students in science courses. The study was carried out with 212 8th grade students in Greece. This…

  1. Native American Students' Understanding of Geologic Time Scale: 4th-8th Grade Ojibwe Students' Understanding of Earth's Geologic History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nam, Younkyeong; Karahan, Engin; Roehrig, Gillian

    2016-01-01

    Geologic time scale is a very important concept for understanding long-term earth system events such as climate change. This study examines forty-three 4th-8th grade Native American--particularly Ojibwe tribe--students' understanding of relative ordering and absolute time of Earth's significant geological and biological events. This study also…

  2. The Effect of Internet-Based Education on Student Success in Teaching of 8th Grade Triangles Subject

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaya, Deniz; Kesan, Cenk; Izgiol, Dilek

    2013-01-01

    In the study, it was researched the effect of internet-based application on student success. Internet-based application was used at the teaching of triangles subject which is included in 8th grade units of triangles and algebra. The study was carried out over the internet with a computer software program: Vitamin Program. The study was carried out…

  3. K-8th grade Korean students' conceptions of 'changes of state' and 'conditions for changes of state'

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Paik, Seoung-Hey; Kim, Hyo-Nam; Cho, Boo-Kyoung; Park, Jae-Won

    2004-02-01

    This study investigates the various conceptions held by K-8th Korean grade students regarding the 'changes of state' and the 'conditions for changes of state'. The study used a sample of five kindergarteners, five secondgrade students, five fourth-grade students, five sixth-grade students, and five eighth-grade students. The 25 students attend schools in a rural district of South Korea. Some activities that involved a change in the state of water, including condensation, solidification, and melting, were chosen from K-8th grade science textbooks and attempted by the students. Subsequently, we conducted interviews with the students. While most kindergarteners and second-grade students were able to perceive the phenomena involving changes of state, they were unable to express conceptions related to the changes of state and the conditions under which the state the changes. The upper-grade students, on the other hand, had some conception of the invisible gas state. Most of these students held conceptions about the boiling water's change of state from liquid to gas, but few of them held conceptions about the changes of state involving condensation. Most students understood heat and temperature as conditions of the changes of state, but only applied the heat concept to situations involving rising temperatures. In situations involving cooling, students applied the temperature concept. The younger students understood the concept of heat without understanding the concept of temperature.

  4. The Obstacles for the Teaching of 8th Grade TR History of Revolution and Kemalism Course According to the Constructivist Approach (An Example of Exploratory Sequential Mixed Method Design)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karademir, Yavuz; Demir, Selcuk Besir

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to ascertain the problems social studies teachers face in the teaching of topics covered in 8th grade TRHRK Course. The study was conducted in line with explanatory sequential mixed method design, which is one of the mixed research method, was used. The study involves three phases. In the first step, exploratory process…

  5. Neurobehavioral Evaluation System (NES): comparative performance of 2nd-, 4th-, and 8th-grade Czech children.

    PubMed

    Otto, D A; Skalik, I; House, D E; Hudnell, H K

    1996-01-01

    The Neurobehavioral Evaluation System was designed for field studies of workers, but many NES tests can be performed satisfactorily by children as young as 7 or 8 years old and a few tests, such as simple reaction time, can be performed by preschool children. However, little comparative data from children of different ages or grade levels are available. Studies of school children in the Czech Republic indicate that 2nd-grade children could perform the following NES tests satisfactorily: Finger Tapping, Visual Digit Span. Continuous Performance, Symbol-Digit Substitution, Pattern Comparison, and simpler conditions of Switching Attention. Comparative scores of boys and girls from the 2nd, 4th, and 8th grades and power analyses to estimate appropriate sample size were presented. Performance varied systematically with grade level and gender. Larger samples were needed with younger children to achieve comparable levels of statistical power. Gender comparisons indicated that boys responded faster, but made more errors than girls. PMID:8866533

  6. Effects of 8th Grade Algebra on High School Course-Taking and Math Achievement: Evidence from Changing Practices in a Large Urban District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rickles, Jordan; Phillips, Meredith; Yamashiro, Kyo

    2014-01-01

    Between 1990 and 2012, the percentage of 13-year-olds (most of whom are 8th graders) taking algebra more than doubled, from 15% to 34% (National Center for Education Statistics, 2013). Yet recent education policy changes suggest that this movement to encourage algebra-taking in 8th grade has begun to reverse course. Existing research suggests that…

  7. Middle School Science Curriculum Design and 8th Grade Student Achievement in Massachusetts Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clifford, Betsey A.

    2016-01-01

    The Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education (DESE) released proposed Science and Technology/Engineering standards in 2013 outlining the concepts that should be taught at each grade level. Previously, standards were in grade spans and each district determined the method of implementation. There are two different methods used…

  8. Executive Summary of Achievement in Basic Skills: 4th/8th Grade, Public and Parochial Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bassis, Michael; And Others

    This study addresses two questions: (1) Why do fourth grade students in Rhode Island perform better on the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (ITBS) than eighth grade students?, and (2) Why do Rhode Island parochial students perform better on the ITBS than public school students? The examination of both questions focused on three areas: school setting…

  9. Home Economics for 7th and 8th Grade Boys and Girls. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    East Stroudsburg Area School District, PA.

    Adapted to meet local needs and goals, this curriculum guide for grades 7 and 8 is designed to help develop behaviors and skills to use in solving family-life problems. The guide consists of a course outline and separate lessons for both grades, grouped according to the major topics of human development and the family, home management and consumer…

  10. The Impact of Direct Reading Instructional Strategies on Reading Achievement in 8th Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rider, Lynne Marie

    2010-01-01

    According to the National Assessment of Educational Progress, about 60% of students cannot read proficiently at their current grade level. Findings from the National Reading Panel (NRP) indicate that there is not sufficient research on the topic of struggling middle school readers. The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the impact…

  11. Pre Vocational Interdisciplinary Education: Consumer and Homemaking, Industrial Arts, Mathematics. 8th Grade.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Dakota State Board for Vocational Education, Bismarck. Research Coordinating Unit.

    The guideline presents two 12-week courses involving an interdisciplinary, partly coeducational, prevocational career exploration program in consumer and homemaking and industrial arts at the eighth grade level, and also a supplementary mathematics program. It is designed to give students an opportunity to explore occupations for themselves and to…

  12. Course of Study: Occupational, Vocational, and Technical Education: Phase 3--8th Grade. Exploratory Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pittsburgh Board of Public Education, PA.

    The curriculum guide outlines learning patterns which may be adapted or adopted by the creative teacher in occupational education. Emphasis is placed on processes basic to specific job activities found within the areas of: (1) business education, (2) home economics, and (3) industrial arts. Students are able to associate, integrate, and catalog…

  13. Evidence-based practice guideline: increasing physical activity in schools--kindergarten through 8th grade.

    PubMed

    Bagby, Karen; Adams, Susan

    2007-06-01

    Because of the growing obesity epidemic across all age groups in the United States, interventions to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviors have become a priority. Evidence is growing that interventions to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviors have positive results and are generally inexpensive to implement. National and international health organizations are calling for a comprehensive approach for reducing obesity in children that includes increasing physical activity in the school setting. Although the call to increase activity levels in schools is clear, little guidance has been given to schools on specific methods to accomplish this task. This article provides an overview of an evidence-based guideline developed by a physical education teacher and a school nurse to provide inexpensive, easy-to-implement, effective strategies to increase physical activity in students. Tools are also included in the guideline to measure the effectiveness of the intervention. PMID:17536917

  14. Longitudinal Study of Career Cluster Persistence from 8th Grade to 12th Grade with a Focus on the Science, Technology, Engineering, & Math Career Cluster

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wagner, Judson

    Today's technology driven global economy has put pressure on the American education system to produce more students who are prepared for careers in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM). Adding to this pressure is the demand for a more diverse workforce that can stimulate the development of new ideas and innovation. This in turn requires more female and under represented minority groups to pursue future careers in STEM. Though STEM careers include many of the highest paid professionals, school systems are dealing with exceptionally high numbers of students, especially female and under represented minorities, who begin but do not persist to STEM degree completion. Using the Expectancy-Value Theory (EVT) framework that attributes student motivation to a combination of intrinsic, utility, and attainment values, this study analyzed readily available survey data to gauge students' career related values. These values were indirectly investigated through a longitudinal approach, spanning five years, on the predictive nature of 8 th grade survey-derived recommendations for students to pursue a future in a particular career cluster. Using logistic regression analysis, it was determined that this 8 th grade data, particularly in STEM, provides significantly high probabilities of a 12th grader's average grade, SAT-Math score, the math and science elective courses they take, and most importantly, interest in the same career cluster.

  15. The Effect of Using the Constructivist Learning Model in Teaching Science on the Achievement and Scientific Thinking of 8th Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Qarareh, Ahmed O.

    2016-01-01

    The study aims to investigate the effect of using constructivist learning model in teaching science, especially in the subject of light: its nature, mirrors, lens, and properties, on the achievement of eighth-grade students and their scientific thinking. The study sample consisted of (136) male and female 8th graders were chosen from two basic…

  16. Assessing the Development of Environmental Virtue in 7th and 8th Grade Students in an Expeditionary Learning Outward Bound School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Bruce; Bright, Alan; Cafaro, Philip; Mittelstaedt, Robin; Bruyere, Brett

    2009-01-01

    This study attempted to assess the development of environmental virtue in 7th and 8th grade students in an Expeditionary Learning Outward Bound (ELOB) school using an instrument developed for this study--the Children's Environmental Virtue Scale (CEVS). Data for this study were obtained by administering the CEVS survey (pretest and posttest) to…

  17. A Comparative Analysis of Questions in American, Singaporean, and Turkish Mathematics Textbooks Based on the Topics Covered in 8th Grade in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozer, Eren; Sezer, Renan

    2014-01-01

    This study offers a comparative analysis of questions found in Turkish, Singaporean, and American mathematics textbooks and workbooks based on topics covered in the 8th grade mathematics curriculum in Turkey. To this end, the study utilizes the 3-dimensional framework developed by Li. When the questions in the textbooks and workbooks…

  18. A Study of Grade Level and Gender Differences in Divergent Thinking among 8th and 11th Graders in a Mid-Western School District

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roue, Leah Christine

    This research study compared gender and grade level differences in divergent thinking among middle school and high school students in the Midwest, in an attempt to determine whether gender or grade level-based differences exist in divergent thinking. The instrument used was based on the Wallach and Kogan Creativity Test (WKCT). There were 166 public school students in the study from the 8th and 11th grades. The results were analyzed in an effort to answer two research questions: Are there gender differences in fluency, flexibility, or originality of a response? Are there grade level (age) differences in fluency, flexibility, or originality of a response? Quantitative and qualitative reporting is used.

  19. Analysis of Item Difficulty and Change in Mathematical Achievement from 6th to 8th Grade's Longitudinal Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim-O, Mee-Ae Mia

    2011-01-01

    Mathematics is an increasingly important aspect of education because of its central role in technology (Kuenzi, 2008). Mathematical achievement tests are universally applied throughout schooling in the US to assess yearly progress. The middle school years (e.g., Grade 6-Grade 8) are especially crucial to success in mathematics because students…

  20. Successes with Reversing the Negative Student Attitudes Developed in Typical Biology Classes for 8th and 10th Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hacieminoglu, Esme; Ali, Mohamed Moustafa; Oztas, Fulya; Yager, Robert E.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to compare changes in attitudes of students about their study of biology in the classes thought by five biology teachers who experienced an Iowa Chautauqua workshop with and two non-Chautauqua teachers who had no experience with any professional development program. The results indicated that there are significant…

  1. Grading the teacher

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Swartz, Clifford E.

    2000-04-01

    Several fads ago there was a movement to grade teachers in terms of their competency — competency-based testing. Everyone knows that there are good teachers and there are bad teachers. The trouble is, it's hard to define the categories. It's like the Supreme Court justice who couldn't define pornography, but knew it when he saw it. In New York State, prospective teachers must take tests in both pedagogy and subject material. That seems reasonable. There ought to be some minimum standards, so I thought that I would try my hand at setting up such requirements.

  2. Fast food consumption and food prices: evidence from panel data on 5th and 8th grade children.

    PubMed

    Khan, Tamkeen; Powell, Lisa M; Wada, Roy

    2012-01-01

    Fast food consumption is a dietary factor associated with higher prevalence of childhood obesity in the United States. The association between food prices and consumption of fast food among 5th and 8th graders was examined using individual-level random effects models utilizing consumption data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-99 (ECLS-K), price data from American Chamber of Commerce Researchers Association (ACCRA), and contextual outlet density data from Dun and Bradstreet (D&B). The results found that contextual factors including the price of fast food, median household income, and fast food restaurant outlet densities were significantly associated with fast food consumption patterns among this age group. Overall, a 10% increase in the price of fast food was associated with 5.7% lower frequency of weekly fast food consumption. These results suggest that public health policy pricing instruments such as taxes may be effective in reducing consumption of energy-dense foods and possibly reducing the prevalence of overweight and obesity among US children and young adolescents. PMID:22292115

  3. Fast Food Consumption and Food Prices: Evidence from Panel Data on 5th and 8th Grade Children

    PubMed Central

    Khan, Tamkeen; Powell, Lisa M.; Wada, Roy

    2012-01-01

    Fast food consumption is a dietary factor associated with higher prevalence of childhood obesity in the United States. The association between food prices and consumption of fast food among 5th and 8th graders was examined using individual-level random effects models utilizing consumption data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-99 (ECLS-K), price data from American Chamber of Commerce Researchers Association (ACCRA), and contextual outlet density data from Dun and Bradstreet (D&B). The results found that contextual factors including the price of fast food, median household income, and fast food restaurant outlet densities were significantly associated with fast food consumption patterns among this age group. Overall, a 10% increase in the price of fast food was associated with 5.7% lower frequency of weekly fast food consumption. These results suggest that public health policy pricing instruments such as taxes may be effective in reducing consumption of energy-dense foods and possibly reducing the prevalence of overweight and obesity among US children and young adolescents. PMID:22292115

  4. Teachers' Experiences of Unfair Grading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alm, Fredrik; Colnerud, Gunnel

    2015-01-01

    Grading is often perceived as one of a teacher's most difficult tasks. Despite most teachers endeavoring to grade their students as objectively as possible, many students feel that they are subject to unfair grading. The aim of this study is to describe what it is about a teacher's grading that contributes to the perception of unfairness. This…

  5. What factors help or hinder the achievement of low SES students? An international comparison using TIMSS 2011 8th grade science data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bruner, Justin L.

    Focusing on science from a cross-country perspective, this study explores the relationship between 8th grade science achievement and student, teacher, and school characteristics. More specifically, this study will pay special attention to low socio-economic status (SES) students and seek to understand why some disadvantaged students are able to have higher than expected achievement in science given their SES while other disadvantaged students are not able to achieve beyond what would be expected given their background. This study will explore the multi-level relationship between the characteristics of students, their teachers, their schools, and student achievement in science. While looking at students in classrooms and in schools, this work will create as precise as possible a measure of student SES by drawing on recommendations of an expert panel commissioned by the National Association of Educational Progress (NAEP) study. The study uses the most recent cycle (2011) of the Trends in International Math and Science Study (TIMSS), to strategically select a six-country sample from the 45 participating countries. This six-country sample was selected by using the country level achievement and the standard deviation of that achievement. This will create a sample that has a range of equality in achievement and strength in achievement. This allows for making comparisons both across and within countries to better understand variations in the factors of student performance, especially for disadvantaged students. This paper builds on the existing research around socio-economic status (SES) and achievement by exploring in more detail the conditions in schools and classrooms around the world that might magnify or reduce the effect of SES on student achievement. The analysis looks at these questions: "What conditions help low SES students achieve higher than what would be expected given their SES?" and "What conditions hinder low SES students to achieve at or below what would

  6. Comparison of Values in 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th Grade Primary Education Music Class Students'? Workbooks According to Rokeach?s and Akbas's Value Classifications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Çakirer, H. Serdar

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the present study is to compare the values in the songs of 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th grade primary education music classes students? workbooks according to the value categorizations proposed by Rockeach and Akbas and which values among the categories mentioned are taught to the students in the 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th grade primary education…

  7. SOCIAL CLASS BACKGROUND OF 8TH GRADE PUPILS, SOCIAL CLASS COMPOSITION OF THEIR SCHOOLS, THEIR ACADEMIC ASPIRATIONS AND SCHOOL ADJUSTMENT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WALDO, LESLIE C.; WALLIN, PAUL

    AN EXPLANATION OF DIFFERENCES AMONG EIGHTH GRADE BOYS AND GIRLS IN REGARD TO THEIR LEVEL OF EDUCATIONAL ASPIRATION AND THEIR ADJUSTMENT IN THE SCHOOL SITUATION WAS PRESENTED. THE STUDENTS STUDIED ATTENDED SEVEN DIFFERENT JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS. FOUR OF THE SCHOOLS WERE PREDOMINANTLY COMPOSED OF CHILDREN FROM MIDDLE-CLASS FAMILIES, AND THREE, OF…

  8. Vocational Career Orientation Guide. Arkansas Guidebook for Career Orientation. 7th-8th-9th Grades. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arkansas State Univ., State University.

    This curriculum package contains materials for teaching the career orientation course in the junior high schools of Arkansas. Following the introduction, which describes the course and provides a rationale for it, along with instructions to teachers for conducting the course, the package is divided into 35 units organized under five major…

  9. Rates of Substance Use of American Indian Students in 8th, 10th, and 12th Grades Living on or Near Reservations: Update, 2009–2012

    PubMed Central

    Harness, Susan D.; Swaim, Randall C.; Beauvais, Fred

    2014-01-01

    Objectives Understanding the similarities and differences between substance use rates for American Indian (AI) young people and young people nationally can better inform prevention and treatment efforts. We compared substance use rates for a large sample of AI students living on or near reservations for the years 2009–2012 with national prevalence rates from Monitoring the Future (MTF). Methods We identified and sampled schools on or near AI reservations by region; 1,399 students in sampled schools were administered the American Drug and Alcohol Survey. We computed lifetime, annual, and last-month prevalence measures by grade and compared them with MTF results for the same time period. Results Prevalence rates for AI students were significantly higher than national rates for nearly all substances, especially for 8th graders. Rates of marijuana use were very high, with lifetime use higher than 50% for all grade groups. Other findings of interest included higher binge drinking rates and OxyContin® use for AI students. Conclusions The results from this study demonstrate that adolescent substance use is still a major problem among reservation-based AI adolescent students, especially 8th graders, where prevalence rates were sometimes dramatically higher than MTF rates. Given the high rates of substance use-related problems on reservations, such as academic failure, delinquency, violent criminal behavior, suicidality, and alcohol-related mortality, the costs to members of this population and to society will continue to be much too high until a comprehensive understanding of the root causes of substance use are established. PMID:24587550

  10. Fit Kid Connection: A Nutrition Education Program for 7th and 8th Graders. Teacher's Workbook [and] Student's Workbook--Reproducible Handouts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus.

    This educational kit includes a teacher's workbook, a student's workbook, 55 reproducible student handouts, and a 6-session, 60-minute videotape. The program complements the nutrition subject area of Ohio's Competency-Based Program in Health and Physical Education for grades 7-8. Activities are interdisciplinary and closely related to the…

  11. Teachers' Belief Systems and Grading Practices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frank, Harry; Brown, Clarence

    This report investigated two hypotheses: 1) junior high school teachers with concrete belief systems would assign more unsatisfactory citizenship grades and lower academic grades than more abstract teachers; and 2) the correlation between citizenship and academic grades would be higher for concrete than abstract teachers. Ten teachers from…

  12. The Great Debate: Should All 8th Graders Take Algebra?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKibben, Sarah

    2009-01-01

    While 8th grade algebra was once reserved as a course for the gifted, today, more U.S. 8th graders take algebra than any other math course. This article discusses a report from the Brookings Institution which chronicles the history of the 8th-grade algebra surge and its impact on today's low-performing students. The report indicates that many of…

  13. Teacher's Guide, Ecology, Grade 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yadkin Valley Economic Development District, Inc., Walnut Cove, NC.

    This teacher's guide has been constructed to assist in developing and implementing a life science course with an environment/ecological unit for Grade 4. Designed primarily for use with other science units, it offers numerous multidisciplinary activities which emphasize involvement in problem-solving through open-ended investigation rather than…

  14. Teacher's Guide, Ecology, Grade 7.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yadkin Valley Economic Development District, Inc., Walnut Cove, NC.

    This teacher's guide has been constructed to assist in developing and implementing a life science course with an environment/ecological unit for Grade 7. Designed primarily for use with other science units, it offers numerous multidisciplinary activities which emphasize involvement in problem-solving through open-ended investigation rather than…

  15. Teacher's Guide, Ecology, Grade 10.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yadkin Valley Economic Development District, Inc., Walnut Cove, NC.

    This teacher's guide has been constructed to assist in developing and implementing a life science course with an environment/ecological unit for Grade 10. Designed primarily for use with other science units, it offers numerous multidisciplinary activities which emphasize involvement in problem-solving through open-ended investigation rather than…

  16. A Study of Grade Level and Gender Differences in Divergent Thinking among 8th and 11th Graders in a Mid-Western School District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roue, Leah Christine

    2011-01-01

    This research study compared gender and grade level differences in divergent thinking among middle school and high school students in the Midwest, in an attempt to determine whether gender or grade level-based differences exist in divergent thinking. The instrument used was based on the Wallach and Kogan Creativity Test (WKCT). There were 166…

  17. Differences in Math Achievement between Boys and Girls in 4th and 8th Grade in Coeducational Orthodox Jewish Day Schools in the New York Metropolitan Area

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Witty, Emily Amie

    2012-01-01

    Gender differences in mathematics have been of particular interest over the past decades. Research has shown a disparity in mathematical proficiency between boys and girls depending on the area of mathematics tested, the age and grade of the student, and the structure of the test question (i.e., how the question is posed). Although, much of the…

  18. An Assessment of 4th-, 8th-, and 11th-Grade Students' Environmental Science Knowledge Related to Oregon's Marine Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brody, Michael J.

    1996-01-01

    Assesses the understanding that a sample of Oregon public school students (n=159) had of geology, physical and chemical characteristics, ecology, and natural resources as related to a marine environment. Results indicate that student understanding in some areas does not progress beyond the early grades and that the interdisciplinary approach of…

  19. Planning and Revising Written Arguments: The Effects of Two Text Structure-Based Interventions on Persuasiveness of 8th-Grade Students' Essays

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Midgette, Ekaterina; Haria, Priti

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of two comprehensive argumentative writing interventions--Text Structure Instruction (TSI) and Text Structure Revision Instruction (TSRI)--on the eighth-grade students' ability to compose convincing essays that include structural elements of argumentative discourse. Both treatment groups…

  20. When Johnny Went Marching Off. 8th Grade Activity. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harness, Karen

    This eighth grade lesson plan asks students to work in groups of four. They must: (1) decide whether to join the Union Army or the Confederate Army; (2) decide under which General they will serve and in which battles they will fight; and (3) once this decision has been made, assign the following roles for team or group members: photographer,…

  1. The Georgia 8th Grade Mathematics CRCT as a Crystal Ball: The Usability of a Test to Predict Students' Futures on the Math 1 EOCT

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitby, Sarah Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    To help teachers improve their efficiency and effectiveness, this dissertation study uses regression analysis to assess two middle Georgia counties' CRCT and Math 1 EOCT data in order to determine the usability of the CRCT to enhance instruction in Math 1. Data were collected from the 2009 and 2010 CRCT administrations and the 2010 and 2011…

  2. Examining the Grading Practices of Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Randall, Jennifer; Engelhard, George

    2010-01-01

    Despite the recommendations of some measurement specialists, teachers do not always assign grades based on achievement only. The primary purpose of this study is to clarify the meaning of grades, and to examine some of the factors teachers consider when assigning final grades with a focus on borderline cases. The sample consisted of 516 American…

  3. First Grade Teacher Expectations in Mathematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Funkhouser, Charles P.

    The focus of this study was on the expectations that first-grade teachers have of the mathematics skills of their incoming first-grade students. At the end of one school year and at the beginning of the next school year, first-grade teachers (n=64) in rural and urban settings completed the Mathematics Skills Expectations Survey (MSES). The MSES…

  4. Changes in the regional prevalence of child obesity in 4th, 8th, and 11th grade students in Texas from 2000-2002 to 2004-2005.

    PubMed

    Hoelscher, Deanna M; Kelder, Steven H; Pérez, Adriana; Day, R Sue; Benoit, Julia S; Frankowski, Ralph F; Walker, Joey L; Lee, Eun S

    2010-07-01

    Although national and state estimates of child obesity are available, data at these levels are insufficient to monitor effects of local obesity prevention initiatives. The purpose of this study was to examine regional changes in the prevalence of obesity due to statewide policies and programs among children in grades 4, 8, and 11 in Texas Health Services Regions (HSRs) between 2000-2002 and 2004-2005, and nine selected counties in 2004-2005. A cross-sectional, probability-based sample of 23,190 Texas students in grades 4, 8, and 11 were weighed and measured to obtain BMI. Obesity was >95th percentile for BMI by age/sex using Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts. Child obesity prevalence significantly decreased between 2000-2002 and 2004-2005 for 4th grade students in the El Paso HSR (-7.0%, P = 0.005). A leveling off in the prevalence of obesity was noted for all other regions for grades 4, 8, and 11. County-level data supported the statistically significant decreases noted in the El Paso region. The reduction of child obesity levels observed in the El Paso area is one of the few examples of effective programs and policies based on a population-wide survey: in this region, a local foundation funded extensive regional implementation of community programs for obesity prevention, including an evidence-based elementary school-based health promotion program, adult nutrition and physical activity programs, and a radio and television advertising campaign. Results emphasize the need for sustained school, community, and policy efforts, and that these efforts can result in decreases in child obesity at the population level. PMID:19798066

  5. Francais de base. Programme de 9 ans, materiel didactique: 7e, 8e et 9e annees (Core French. Nine-Year Study Program, Instructional Materials: 7th, 8th and 9th Grades).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg. Bureau of French Education.

    Official instructional materials for the second three years (grades 7-9) of the Manitoba Department of Education's core French language program are presented. These materials, intended for teachers, consist of units of instruction for each year, which contain notes for the teacher, suggestions for class activities, materials for student use, and…

  6. Trends of violence among 7th, 8th and 9th grade students in the state of Lara, Venezuela: The Global School Health Survey 2004 and 2008

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Violence by young people is one of the most visible forms of violence and contributes greatly to the global burden of premature death, injury and disability. Methods The Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS), State of Lara, Venezuela (GSHS-Lara) is a school-based surveillance system. It comprises a repeated, cross-sectional, self-administered survey drawn from a representative sample of 7th to 9th grade students, performed in the school years 2003-2004 (GSHS-Lara 2004) and 2007-2008 (GSHS-Lara 2008). It explores, among other things, a general violence indicator such as school absenteeism due to feeling unsafe at school or on the way to or from school for any reason; and more specific indicators of violence such as robbery, bullying, physical fights and use of weapons, as well as exposure to lectures on how to prevent violence. Results are given in terms of prevalence percentage. Results Absenteeism doubled between the two study periods (10.8% to 20.8%). The number of students that were a victim of robbery remained high and without change both outside (14.2% and 14.8%) and inside school (21.7% and 22.0%). The number of victims of bullying was high and increasing (33.4% and 43.6%). Bullying associated with being physically attacked decreased (18.5% to 14.3%). Physical attacks without active participation and not associated with bullying were frequent (21.5%). Physical fighting with active participation prevalence remained high and without change (27.5% and 28.2%). Carrying a weapon almost doubled (4.3% to 7.1%). Less than 65% reported classes for violence prevention. Conclusions The GSHS-Lara shows that violence is an important public health problem that needs to be addressed by the community and its authorities. PMID:22958602

  7. Examining First Grade Teachers' Handwriting Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arslan, Derya

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the first grade teachers' practices of handwriting instructions in terms of teaching, evaluation and handwriting difficulties. From qualitative research patterns, phenomenology was used. The study was applied to the 54 First grade teachers who work at central Burdur and Burdur county centre primary education…

  8. Home Economics--A Look--A Job--A Future. A Course of Study at a Pre-Vocational Level for 7th and/or 8th Grade.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oklahoma City Public School System, OK. Dept. of Home Economics.

    Prevocational materials for use at the seventh and/or eighth grade levels are presented in this curriculum guide. Materials cover six areas, each consisting of several instructional units planned for more than one lesson or class period. Each unit includes behavioral objectives, suggested activities for teacher and students, information sheets,…

  9. The Variation in Teachers' Grading Practices: Causes and Consequences.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonesronning, Hans

    1999-01-01

    Discusses causes and consequences of teachers' grading practices, which vary greatly among Norwegian uppersecondary schools. Introduces an alternative to easy grading, in which rent-seeking students allocate time to affect the teacher's grading. Shows that teacher's grading is systematically associated with teacher characteristics. Hard grading…

  10. Teachers Guide to Economics in Grade 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lovell, Hugh, Ed.; Ouchi, Albert, Ed.

    Teachers who wish to enrich the present social studies curriculum with economic education will find this a useful guide. Learning activities and multi-media resources are suggested which help to illucidate major and supporting concepts in economics for the third grade level. Fundamental concepts for this grade are: 1) a land-use map shows where…

  11. Teachers' Guide to Outdoor Education, Grade VI.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fox, Denver C.

    The aim of this guide is to aid sixth-grade teachers whose classes participate in the San Diego City and County outdoor education programs. The guide enables the teacher to improve the quality of outdoor education through suggestions for better planning and preparation procedures for the camping experience and for more active student participation…

  12. The Development of Statistical Literacy Skills in the Eighth Grade: Exploring the TIMSS Data to Evaluate Student Achievement and Teacher Characteristics in the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mills, Jamie D.; Holloway, Charles E.

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the relationship between student achievement in statistics and factors at the student and teacher/classroom levels using the US 8th-grade Data and Chance content domain from the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study, 2007 (TIMSS, 2007). Using variables that have been linked to mathematics and statistics…

  13. 8th Annual Salary Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dessoff, Alan

    2008-01-01

    Given a strained economy with skyrocketing fuel prices and homeowner foreclosures that threaten property tax rolls, plus pressures to satisfy mandates for improved student achievement, district administrators must tighten belts, juggle priorities, and find creative solutions to situations that might challenge them as never before. Teachers are…

  14. Examining Teacher Grades Using Rasch Measurement Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Randall, Jennifer; Engelhard, George, Jr.

    2009-01-01

    In this study, we present an approach to questionnaire design within educational research based on Guttman's mapping sentences and Many-Facet Rasch Measurement Theory. We designed a 54-item questionnaire using Guttman's mapping sentences to examine the grading practices of teachers. Each item in the questionnaire represented a unique student…

  15. Preservice Teachers Experience Middle Grades Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kleine, Karynne L. M.; McBryar, Laura Sims

    2009-01-01

    Conventional wisdom dictates that learning comes in incremental bits and gradually builds up from the bottom. But conventional wisdom should always be questioned. This article describes what a cohort of 17 preservice middle grades teachers encountered as they learned to "stroke the crawl" in a curriculum class that was to provide an unconventional…

  16. Environmental Education. Teacher's Handbook, Grade 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nashville - Davidson County Metropolitan Public Schools, TN.

    Prepared for use in the 5th grade, this teacher's handbook consists of 19 science units dealing with environmental education. Topics are ecology, language arts, rocks and fossils, soil, noise pollution, Nashville pioneers and American Indians, conservation, waste and litter, water pollution, compass and mapping, plants and trees, use of the…

  17. Do the Teachers' Grading Practices Affect Student Achievement?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonesronning, Hans

    2004-01-01

    The present paper explores empirically the relationship between teacher grading and student achievement. The hypothesis is that the teachers can manipulate student effort, and hence student achievement, by choosing the proper grading practices. The grading model is analogous to a labor supply model, where the teachers can set the marginal returns…

  18. High School Mathematics Teachers: Grading Practice and Pupil Control Ideology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cicmanec, Karen Mauck; Johanson, George; Howley, Aimee

    Survey data gathered from 230 respondents from a random sample of 500 Ohio public school teachers explores the association between teachers' practice of assigning grades based on nonachievement grading factors and teachers' pupil control orientation (PCI). Responding high school mathematics teachers provided information that relates to the use of…

  19. Eighth-grade science teachers use of instructional time: Examining questions from the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and comparing TIMSS and National Science Foundation questionnaires

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Davidson, Anne Burgess

    Did the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) ask science teachers the right questions about their use of instructional time? Part I of this 2-part study used the TIMSS database to answer the question: Do 8th grade science teachers in the U.S., Czech Republic, Hungary, Japan, and Korea differ significantly in their perceived use of instructional time? Using the instructional activities in the TIMSS teacher question "How did the lesson proceed?" the teacher-reported times were analyzed using a repeated measures multivariate analysis. Significant differences were found between teacher-reported times in the U.S. and the other 4 TIMSS countries, whose 8th grade students outperformed U.S. students on TIMSS achievement tests. Post-hoc analysis indicated that TIMSS U.S. 8th grade science teachers report spending more time on homework in class, on group activities, and on lab activities, but less time on topic development, than TIMSS teachers from some or all of the other countries. Part II of this study further examined the question "How did the lesson proceed?" by videotaping 6 classes of 8th grade science in Alabama and Virginia and comparing observer coding of the video to the teachers' recalled descriptions of the same class. The difference between observer and teacher responses using TIMSS categories was not significant; however, 43% of the total variance was explained by whether the teacher or the observer reported the times for the instructional activities. The teachers also responded to questions from the NSF Local Systemic Change Through Teacher Enhancement K--8 Teacher Questionnaire to describe the same class. The difference found between the teacher and the observer coding was not significant, but the amount of variance explained by the data source (observer or teacher) dropped to 33% when using NSF student activity categories and to 26% when using NSF teacher activity categories. The conclusion of this study was that questionnaires to

  20. Primary-Grade Teacher Candidates' Views on Museum Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tas, Ayse Mentis

    2012-01-01

    This study identifies the primary-grade teacher candidates' views on museum education. The research is a descriptive research that used survey model. The study group is made up of 209 primary-grade teacher candidates who were seniors in the Primary-Grade Teaching Program. They were all attending Konya University's Faculty of Education. A survey…

  1. Taiwanese First-Grade Teachers' Perceptions of Inclusive Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsieh, Wu-Ying; Hsieh, Chang-Ming; Ostrosky, Michaelene; McCollum, Jeanette

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the influence of three types of variables (teachers' backgrounds, the current teaching situation and characteristics of students with disabilities) on Taiwanese first-grade teachers' perceptions of inclusive education. A mail survey was conducted with all first-grade teachers in a metropolitan city in central Taiwan. After…

  2. Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of Online Grading Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mize, Brenda

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the effects of the communication aspect of using an online grading program. This study explored teachers' perceptions of the implications of allowing the grading process to become transparent to parents. The purpose of this study was to assist teachers in searching for ways to create a positive parent-teacher relationship. A…

  3. Relationships between Grade Levels, Personal Factors, and Instructional Variation among 4th-12th Grade Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Jacquelyn M.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative correlational study was to investigate relationships between grade levels, personal factors of teachers, and instructional variety used by 4th-12th grade teachers in Kern County, California. The population under investigation included 2,844 teachers. 235 elementary, middle school/junior high, and secondary teachers…

  4. Technology and Teacher Education Annual, 1997. Proceedings of the International Conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education (SITE) (8th, Orlando, Florida, April 1-5, 1997). Volumes I and II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willis, Jerry, Ed.; Price, Jerry D., Ed.; McNeil, Sara, Ed.; Robin, Bernard, Ed.; Willis, Dee Anna, Ed.

    The 370 conference papers on information technology and teacher education are presented in two volumes. The 183 papers in the first volume include the following topics: use and evaluation of educational software; preservice and inservice training issues; multimedia portfolios; distance education; diversity and international perspectives; the…

  5. Teachers' Grading Decision Making: Multiple Influencing Factors and Methods

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheng, Liying; Sun, Youyi

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated Chinese secondary school English language teachers' grading decision making, focusing on the factors they considered and types of assessment they used for grading. A questionnaire was issued to 350 secondary school English language teachers in China. Descriptive analyses of the questionnaire data showed that these teachers…

  6. Teachers' Grading Practices: Meaning and Values Assigned

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sun, Youyi; Cheng, Liying

    2014-01-01

    This study explores the meaning Chinese secondary school English language teachers associate with the grades they assign to their students, and the value judgements they make in grading. A questionnaire was issued to 350 junior and senior school English language teachers in China. The questionnaire data were analysed both quantitatively and…

  7. Middle Grades Teachers' Characterizations of Integrated Mathematics and Science Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyer, Helen; Stinson, Kevin; Harkness, Shelly Sheats; Stallworth, James

    2010-01-01

    The research reported here addresses 2 aspects of integrated mathematics and science instruction. First we provide insights into how middle grades teachers' characterize integrated mathematics and science instruction. Then we discuss how middle grades teachers see an integrated curriculum fitting into their teaching contexts and how these contexts…

  8. Science, A Teacher's Guide, Grades 4-6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lett, Rosemary, Ed.

    This teacher's guide to science in grades 4, 5, and 6 in the Buffalo Public Schools, New York, lists content areas for each grade level. Concepts or understandings to be developed for each content area are listed. Appropriate text and teacher guide pages are given to the science series developed by Herman and Nina Schneider to reinforce these…

  9. Teachers Guide to Economic Concepts: Grade 4-6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCabe, Milo F.

    This grades 4-6 teachers guide is one of five resource guides developed to aid teachers in helping students in South Dakota to achieve a high degree of economic literacy. It is felt that schools must prepare students at all grade levels to develop an understanding of the economy in which they live. This guide was specifically prepared to assist…

  10. Teachers Guide to Economic Concepts: Grade K-3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCabe, Milo F.

    This grades K-3 teachers guide is one of five resource guides developed to aid teachers in helping students in South Dakota to achieve a high degree of economic literacy. It is felt that schools must prepare students at all grade levels to develop an understanding of the economy in which they live. This guide was specifically prepared to assist…

  11. Teachers Guide to Economic Concepts: Grade 10-12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCabe, Milo F.

    This grades 10-12 teachers guide is one of five resource guides developed to aid teachers in helping students in South Dakota to achieve a high degree of economic literacy. It is felt that schools must prepare students at all grade levels to develop an understanding of the economy in which they live. This guide was specifically prepared to assist…

  12. Teachers Guide to Economic Concepts: Grade 7-9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCabe, Milo F.

    This grades 7-9 teachers guide is one of five resource guides to aid teachers in helping students in South Dakota to achieve a high degree of economic literacy. It is felt that schools must prepare students at all grade levels to develop an understanding of the economy in which they live. This guide was specifically prepared to assist elementary…

  13. Grade 8 Mastery Test in Mathematics. Handbook for Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, Betsy Y.

    This handbook is part of a series of three, corresponding to the three grades (4, 6, and 8) at which Mastery Tests are administered. This publication was written as a resource for teachers developing mathematics programs for students in grades 7 and 8. The Mastery Test in Mathematics at Grade 8 assesses student performance for 36 instructional…

  14. Grade 4 Mastery Test in Mathematics. Handbook for Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, Betsy Y.

    This handbook is part of a series of three, corresponding to the three grades (4, 6, and 8) at which Mastery Tests are administered. This publication was written as a resource for teachers for developing mathematics programs for students in grades 3 and 4. The Mastery Test in Mathematics at Grade 4 assesses student performance for 25 instructional…

  15. Grade 6 Mastery Test in Mathematics. Handbook for Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, Betsy Y.

    This handbook is part of a series of three, corresponding to the three grades (4, 6, and 8) at which Mastery Tests are administered. This publication was written as a resource for teachers developing mathematics programs for students in grades 4, 5, and 6. The Mastery Test in Mathematics at Grade 6 assesses student performance for 36 instructional…

  16. Troubles with Grades, Grading, and Change: Learning from Adventures in Alternative Assessment Practices in Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClam, Sherie; Sevier, Brian

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, two teacher educators work to understand their attempts to transform teacher-student relations by altering traditional grading practices. Using actor-network theory, the authors examine the social effects produced across and throughout a school of education when they changed the meaning and significance of grades. Detailed analysis…

  17. Not Just a Man's War: Women in the American Civil War, 1861-65. 8th Grade Lesson. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Granet, Eileen M.

    This eighth-grade lesson teaches about military battles and the lives of women during the U.S. Civil War. Students work both individually and in groups, assuming the perspective of a young woman who has left home to join the war effort. The lesson progresses along the following steps: (1) "Getting Started" (Focus on a particular woman's role); (2)…

  18. Grade One Peer and Teacher Feedback on Student Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Shelley Stagg; Portier, Christine

    2014-01-01

    This article examines a grade one teacher's support for her students' writing development through formal peer and teacher feedback. The teacher modelled and provided examples of effective feedback and good writing in whole-class and small-group lessons and in her own one-on-one verbal feedback on student writing. She allocated time for…

  19. Connecting with the Arts: A Workshop for Middle Grades Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Annenberg Media, 2005

    2005-01-01

    "Connecting with the Arts: A Workshop for Middle Grades Teachers" is a video workshop for middle school teachers of the arts and other subjects. The workshop includes eight hour-long video programs and a companion workshop guide and Web site. The workshop shows middle school teachers why and how to integrate the arts (dance, music, theatre, and…

  20. Teacher Effects in Early Grades: Evidence from a Randomized Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Konstantopoulos, Spyros

    2011-01-01

    Background/Context: One important question to educational research is whether teachers can influence student achievement over time. This question is related to the durability of teacher effects on student achievement in successive grades. The research evidence about teacher effects on student achievement has been somewhat mixed. Some education…

  1. How Nine Third-Grade Teachers Motivate Student Academic Engagement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dolezal, Sara E.; Welsh, Lindsey Mohan; Pressley, Michael; Vincent, Melissa M.

    2003-01-01

    This ethnographic study compared the classroom practices of low, moderately, and highly engaging third-grade teachers in eight Catholic schools. Findings indicated that in low engaging classrooms, teachers used many practices that undermined motivation. Moderately engaging teachers used many potentially motivating practices but assigned tasks that…

  2. The Eight Best Novels for Middle-Grade Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Musthafa, Bachrudin

    Intended to serve an instrumental purpose for middle-grade teachers, this paper presents brief annotations of eight novels of interest to middle grade students and more elaborate comments and teaching activities for two well-known novels. The eight novels are "How to Eat Fried Worms" (Thomas Rockwell); "Number the Stars" (Lois Lowry); "Cousins"…

  3. ITRI Informational Text Reading Inventory: Grade 1 Teacher Manual

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Indiana Department of Education, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The Grade 1 Informational Text Reading Inventory (ITRI) was developed to help early primary students develop the skills necessary to read and use informational text. This booklet contains all the information teachers need to use the Grade 1 ITRI materials, including assessments, mock textbook pages, mini books designed to look like commercial…

  4. ITRI Informational Text Reading Inventory: Grade 2 Teacher Manual

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Indiana Department of Education, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The Grade 2 Informational Text Reading Inventory (ITRI) was developed to help early primary students develop the skills necessary to read and use informational text. This booklet contains all the information teachers need to use the Grade 2 ITRI materials, including assessments, mock textbook pages, mini books designed to look like commercial…

  5. Preparing New Teachers for Contemporary Middle Grades Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Susan

    2013-01-01

    This article describes the middle grades teacher preparation program at Augusta State University in Georgia. It describes the negotiation between the middle school concept and the standardized testing culture of the local schools as the faculty redesigned the undergraduate middle grades program to adequately address both. Ways in which new…

  6. What Teachers Read to Pupils in the Middle Grades.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tom, Chow Loy

    To ascertain, classify, and evaluate the quality of prose and poetry read to pupils in grades 4-6 by their teachers and to determine some of the situational factors that affected this reading, a 30-item questionnaire containing objective multiple-choice items (concerning teacher background, library facilities, and read-aloud practices) and…

  7. Primary Grade Teachers' Perceptions and Practices regarding Pedestrian Safety Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lartey, Grace K.; Price, James H.; Telljohann, Susan K.; Dake, Joseph A.; Yingling, Faith

    2007-01-01

    Background: Pedestrian injury is the third leading cause of unintentional injury and death among children 1-14 years old. The purpose of this study was to examine primary grade teachers' perceived role in pedestrian safety education. Methods: A total of 630 surveys were sent to a national random sample of primary school teachers and 54% responded.…

  8. Environmental Studies Center Teacher Books. 6th Grade - River Investigation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin County Schools, Jensen Beach, FL. Environmental Studies Center.

    This teacher's guide, one of nine teacher packages developed for use in the sequential, hands-on, field-oriented, K-8 environmental education program of the Martin County Schools in Florida, was developed for use with elementary children in grade six prior to and after a visit to an environmental studies center located near an estuarine area. The…

  9. Teacher Beliefs regarding Grade Retention in an Urban Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilmore-Hook, Toni

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine if exposure to a research-based presentation on grade retention, including the academic, socio-emotional and behavioral outcomes, would yield a change in teacher beliefs regarding retention as an intervention strategy. Teachers from a small urban school district were asked to complete a pre-survey, view a…

  10. Eighth-Grade Students' Perceptions of Teacher Effectiveness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sprague, Julie A.

    2013-01-01

    This quantitative study used a validated student survey instrument to collect 182 Midwestern eighth-grade students' perceptions of effective teachers. Balch's (2011) survey was used. The original intent of this survey was to have students rate the effectiveness of one teacher. In this study, students were asked to rate teacher…

  11. Environmental Studies Center Teacher Books. 4th Grade - Mangrove Communities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin County Schools, Jensen Beach, FL. Environmental Studies Center.

    This teacher's guide, one of nine teacher packages developed for use in the sequential, hands-on, field-oriented, K-8 environmental education program of the Martin County Schools in Florida, was developed for use with elementary children in grade four prior to and after a visit to an environmental studies center located near an estuarine area. The…

  12. Grading Students with Significant Disabilities in Inclusive Settings: Teacher Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kurth, Jennifer; Gross, Megan; Lovinger, Stephanie; Catalano, Tammy

    2012-01-01

    The present study describes teacher (K-12) opinions and practices related to grading and providing modified instruction, assignments, and assessments for students with low-incidence disabilities in inclusive settings. One hundred and thirty nine teachers working in K-12 inclusive schools in Arizona and California completed an on-line survey…

  13. 8th Spacecraft Charging Technology Conference

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Minor, J. L. (Compiler)

    2004-01-01

    The 8th Spacecraft Charging Technology Conference was held in Huntsville, Alabama, October 20-24, 2003. Hosted by NASA s Space Environments and Effects (SEE) Program and co-sponsored by the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) and the European Space Agency (ESA), the 2003 conference saw attendance from eleven countries with over 65 oral papers and 18 poster papers. Presentation topics highlighted the latest in spacecraft charging mitigation techniques and on-orbit investigations, including: Plasma Propulsion and Tethers; Ground Testing Techniques; Interactions of Spacecraft and Systems With the Natural and Induced Plasma Environment; Materials Characterizations; Models and Computer Simulations; Environment Specifications; Current Collection and Plasma Probes in Space Plasmas; On-Orbit Investigations. A round-table discussion of international standards regarding electrostatic discharge (ESD) testing was also held with the promise of continued discussions in the off years and an official continuation at the next conference.

  14. Interpreting the Meaning of Grades: A Descriptive Analysis of Middle School Teachers' Assessment and Grading Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grimes, Tameshia Vaden

    2010-01-01

    This descriptive, non-experimental, quantitative study was designed to answer the broad question, "What do grades mean?" Core academic subject middle school teachers from one large, suburban school district in Virginia were administered an electronic survey that asked them to report on aspects of their grading practices and assessment methods for…

  15. The Great Depression and Elementary School Teachers as Reported in "Grade Teacher" Magazine

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Field, Sherry L.; Bellows, Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    This study focuses on elementary school teachers during the Great Depression and the role that they played to sustain everyday school activity. The authors draw evidence primarily from the pages of "Grade Teacher" magazine, through teachers' letters written to its editor, Florence Hale, and her responses to them. Opportunities to study the Great…

  16. 8th Annual European Antibody Congress 2012

    PubMed Central

    Beck, Alain; Carter, Paul J.; Gerber, Hans-Peter; Lugovskoy, Alexey A.; Wurch, Thierry; Junutula, Jagath R.; Kontermann, Roland E; Mabry, Robert

    2013-01-01

    The 8th European Antibody Congress (EAC), organized by Terrapin Ltd., was again held in Geneva, Switzerland, following on the tradition established with the 4th EAC. The new agenda format for 2012 included three parallel tracks on: (1) naked antibodies; (2) antibody drug conjugates (ADCs); and (3) bispecific antibodies and alternative scaffolds. The meeting started and closed with three plenary lectures to give common background and to share the final panel discussion and conclusions. The two day event included case studies and networking for nearly 250 delegates who learned of the latest advances and trends in the global development of antibody-based therapeutics. The monoclonal antibody track was focused on understanding the structure-function relationships, optimization of antibody design and developability, and processes that allow better therapeutic candidates to move through the clinic. Discussions on novel target identification and validation were also included. The ADC track was dedicated to evaluation of the ongoing success of the established ADC formats alongside the rise of the next generation drug-conjugates. The bispecific and alternative scaffold track was focused on taking stock of the multitude of bispecific formats being investigated and gaining insight into recent innovations and advancements. Mechanistic understanding, progression into the clinic and the exploration of multispecifics, redirected T cell killing and alternative scaffolds were extensively discussed. In total, nearly 50 speakers provided updates of programs related to antibody research and development on-going in the academic, government and commercial sectors. PMID:23493119

  17. Earth's Dynamic Systems, 8th Edition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Winterer, Edward L.

    From the very first edition, Hamblin and Christiansen's elementary geology text, Earth's Dynamic Systems, has stood above its competitors in the quality of its illustrations— all of them now in color. These are exceptionally well planned to bring out essential points of the text and are models of clarity and artistic design, especially the three-dimensional cutaway diagrams of tectonic and geomorphic features. Many new drawings and photos have been incorporated in this 8th edition, including dramatic pictures of planetary surfaces. Each of the 25 chapters begins with an opening statement that puts the chapter in a larger context and closes with a list of key terms, some thought-provoking review questions, a list of suggested readings in more advanced works, and—a novel and useful feature—a list of Web sites germane to the chapter. An illustrated glossary and a useful index complete the book. Pages feature wake-up questions for the student, such as “How do we know that streams erode the valleys through which they flow?”

  18. Grading the Teachers' Teachers: Higher Education Comes under Scrutiny

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dillon, Erin; Silva, Elena

    2011-01-01

    Plans by the National Council on Teacher Quality to rate all teacher preparation programs in the country and publish the results in "U.S. News & World Report" have been met with concern and skepticism, but also gained some converts. Proponents say the effort can only help teachers' colleges improve, while detractors say the methods and research…

  19. Nutrition Super Stars [7th and 8th Grades].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houtkooper, Linda; And Others

    This kit is designed to be used as part of health, science, physical education, and home economics education at the middle school level. It provides current information about and describes student learning activities in food, nutrition, physical fitness, and ecology. Class plans are offered for five lesson topics: (1) Food supplies nutrients,…

  20. 8th Grade Direct Mathematics Assessment Toolkit. Revised 2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Idaho State Dept. of Education, Boise. Dept. of Public Instruction.

    The purpose of the Idaho Direct Mathematics Assessment (DMA) is to measure Idaho students' mathematical problem-solving skills, including their ability to apply basic skills to problem-solving situations as stated in the Idaho Achievement Standards document. Problem solving is valued as an essential tool for success in a complex, modern world. The…

  1. 8th Grade Students Metaphors for the Concept of History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yalçinkaya, Elvan

    2013-01-01

    Problem Statement: History is a science that helps people guide their futures; it is an indispensable part of education. It is important for students to know the past well in order to understand the present better and direct their future. History does not have magical laws to generalize in predicting future. However, we have to know that history…

  2. ``IT'S ALL IN MOTION" -- A Hands-On Astronomy Workshop For Teachers of Grades 4-8

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    West, M. L.; Liu, C.; Conod, K.

    1999-12-01

    We describe the implementation and results of a four day hands-on astronomy workshop for in-service teachers of grades 4-8. This project, funded by a 1998-1999 IDEAS grant through the Space Telescope Science Institute, included 20 teacher participants from northern New Jersey. We used the workshop's unifying theme -- ``It's All in Motion!" -- to present to the teachers fundamental astrophysical concepts, relevant math and computer skills, and astronomy activities for their classrooms. We learned that there is a great need for this type of training, especially in New Jersey where there are new core curriculum standards and a newly mandated test in science for students in 4th and 8th grades. While the teachers learned content at different rates, the hands-on format gave them confidence to try some of these activities in their classes, especially among under-represented minorities. The most effective activities included human sundials, Sunspotters to measure the rotation of the Earth in 2 minutes, craters in the sand, group mini-reports from posters, speed calculations, physics and astronomy songs, the Ophiuchus Sculpture, a planetarium visit (especially needed in our urban area where the light pollution is severe), and Internet guided sites (See http://www.csam.montclair.edu/ west/ideasresources.html).

  3. Compulsory Education: Schools, Pupils, Teachers, Programs and Methods. Conference Papers for the 8th Session of the International Standing Conference for the History of Education (Parma, Italy, September 3-6, 1986). Volume II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Genovesi, Giovanni, Ed.

    This second of four volumes on the history of compulsory education among the nations of Europe and the western hemisphere covers schools, pupils, teachers, programs, and methods. Of the volume's 16 selections, 13 are written in English and 3 are written in Italian. Most selections contain summaries; summaries of the Italian articles are written in…

  4. Racial Identity Theory, Research, and Applications. Edited Conference Proceedings of the Annual Teachers College Winter Roundtable on Cross-Cultural Counseling and Psychotherapy (8th, New York, New York, February 22-23, 1991).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, Robert T., Ed.; Johnson, Samuel D., Jr., Ed.

    The 1991 Winter Roundtable on Cross Cultural Counseling was the first national conference devoted to the topic of racial identity in counseling and psychotherapy. Conference papers include: (1) "A Brief Continuing History of the Teachers College Winter Roundtable on Cross-Cultural Counseling and Psychotherapy" (Samuel D. Johnson, Jr.); (2) "Racial…

  5. The Interactive Relationships of Teacher Directiveness and Student Authoritarianism and Dogmatism to Grades and Satisfaction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCann, S. J. H.; Fisher, R. J.

    1977-01-01

    The interactions of teacher directiveness and student authoritarianism, teacher directiveness and student dogmatism, teacher authoritarianism and student authoritarianism, and teacher dogmatism and student dogmatism were examined in terms of variance in grades and satisfaction. (JC)

  6. The Failure of a Decision Support System: Inconsistency in Test Grading by Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klein, Joseph

    2002-01-01

    Investigated the effects of boredom/fatigue on Israeli junior high school teachers' evaluation of students' written compositions. Teachers graded 31 papers, placed in sequential order, which had received a grade of 80 percent from three experts. They graded the papers in one sitting. Scores teachers gave to papers they graded earlier were…

  7. Clarification on the Clarification on the April 8th Memorandum from H.E.W.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Journal of the National Association for Bilingual Education, 1976

    1976-01-01

    The clarification of the April 8th memorandum is that "the Lau remedies are minimum requirements and that in cases depending on student language dominance, grade level, and academic achievement, a bilingual program 'is' the remedy, and the only educationally sound way of ensuring effective participation in the instructional program." (NQ)

  8. A Chemistry Course for High Ability 8th, 9th, and 10th Graders.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kilker, Richard, Jr.

    1985-01-01

    Describes a chemistry course designed, in cooperation with local public school districts, to intellectually challenge a group of 8th, 9th, and 10th grade students. Organic chemistry and biochemistry are integrated into the course (titled Chemistry and Everyday Life) to emphasize practical applications of chemistry. The course syllabus is included.…

  9. Physical Education, Teacher's Guide, Elementary (Grades 1-5).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lefevre, M. D.; And Others

    This is a guide for teachers of physical education in the elementary schools of Vietnam. It consists of the following chapters: (1) Definition and Objectives of P.E. and the Teacher's Role; (2) Organization and Orientation of the P.E. program; (3) Methods for Teaching P.E.; (4) P.E. for grades 1 to 5; (5) P.E. for handicapped children; (6) Sports.…

  10. Engaging Parents of Eighth Grade Students in Parent-Teacher Bidirectional Communication

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennett-Conroy, Waveline

    2012-01-01

    This article describes the development and evaluation of a classroom-based, low-cost intervention to increase parents' involvement in their children's education. In Phase 1 of the study, 17 parents of 8th grade students in a low-income, high immigrant and minority school district were interviewed to conduct a qualitative assessment of factors…

  11. Westside Outdoor Teacher's Guide, Grades K-6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brainard, Lynn; And Others

    This illustrated guide includes activities in Creative Arts, Language Arts, Math, Science, and Social Studies. Activities progress from an animal rhyme quiz for lower grades, to projects for upper level students on soil testing, relative humidity, and solar heat collection. The guide emphasizes activities selected to motivate students to…

  12. A Teacher's Spelling Manual for Seventh Grade.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Datres, Kristine, Comp.; Heggenstaller, Barbara, Comp.

    The spelling program described in this manual was designed with the idea that spelling study initiated in the elementary grades should continue through the middle school years. The manual first describes the program's objectives: to help students learn basic spelling rules, develop an interest in word lore and vocabulary improvement, and develop…

  13. A CURRICULUM FOR ENGLISH, TEACHER PACKET, GRADE 12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Curriculum Development Center.

    THE TEACHER PACKET FOR THE 12TH-GRADE ENGLISH PROGRAM OF THE NEBRASKA CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT CENTER COMPRISES, THROUGH THE STUDY OF SELECTED WORKS, A SURVEY OF ENGLISH LITERARY PERIODS FROM THE RENAISSANCE TO THE 20TH CENTURY. UNITS ARE PROVIDED IN THE FOLLOWING AREAS--(1) "SENECAN REVENGE TRAGEDY--'THYESTES,''THE SPANISH TRAGEDY,' AND 'HAMLET,'"…

  14. Teacher's Guide, Child Care. Grades 4-5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vu Nhat Thanh

    This is the teacher's guide accompanying a fourth and fifth grade level course in child care designed for students in Vietnam. Thirty-seven lessons deal with the pregnant mother, breast feeding and bottle feeding, food in addition to milk, and health care and safety measures for infants. Appendices include a nutrition and food table and discussion…

  15. Promising Practices: A Teacher Resource (Grades K-3).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Provenzano, Johanna Z., Ed.

    A collection of promising instructional practices for teachers of limited-English-speaking primary grade students is organized as a series of lessons on planning, classroom management, teaching procedures, and evaluation in a variety of content areas. Examples of basic learning activities intended to serve as a framework for teacher…

  16. Classroom Organization and Teachers' Objectives: Observations from the Primary Grades.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richards, Merle

    A total of 20 first- and second-grade classrooms were observed to determine the nature of their behavior settings, and to ascertain teacher goals and values implicit in the classroom organization. Observation revealed strong differences among subject areas in both time allotment and variety of resources and activities. Language arts occupied the…

  17. The Urban Environment. A Teacher's Guide, Grades K-3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Busch, Phyllis S.

    Sixty-three learning activities comprise this curriculum guide to conservation education designed for elementary students. The activities enable the teacher to relate the urban child's immediate environment to the ecological problems which confront our world. Four conceptual schemes are used for each of the four grades, K-3: Living things (plants,…

  18. Teacher's Manual for Outdoor Studies: Geneva Sixth Grades.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchinson, Don F.

    Written for teachers who lead their 6th grade students on a 3-day field experience program at the Rogers Environmental Education Center in Sherburne, New York, this manual provides objectives, materials, and procedures for activities which help students learn about the natural environment--pond life, trees, ecology of the forest floor, stream…

  19. Making the Grade: Do Nebraska Teachers and Administrators Working in Public Schools in 7th-12th Grade Settings Agree about What Constitutes Sound Grading Practice?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Mark E.

    2013-01-01

    In this study, the researcher sought to determine whether Nebraska teachers and administrators agreed about what constitutes sound grading practice. The results of this study indicated that Nebraska teachers and administrators working in public schools in 7th-12th grade settings did not always agree about what constituted sound grading practice.…

  20. Highlights of the 8th International Veterinary Immunology Symposium

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Veterinary immunologists have expanded understanding of the immune systems for our companion animals and developed new vaccines and therapeutics. This manuscript summarizes the highlights of the 8th International Veterinary Immunology Symposium (8 th IVIS) held August 15th-19th, 2007, in Ouro Preto,...

  1. Recruiting Teachers in Colombia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blair, Robert

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author talks about a system of special schools in Colombia which introduces students to teaching careers as early as the 8th grade. The Colombian system is based on a simple idea: Every student is a potential teacher. Principals talk about molding "ciudadano-pedagogos"--citizen-educators who view teaching as a way of…

  2. Teacher autonomy support reduces adolescent anxiety and depression: An 18-month longitudinal study.

    PubMed

    Yu, Chengfu; Li, Xian; Wang, Shujun; Zhang, Wei

    2016-06-01

    Grounded in stage-environment fit theory, this study adopts a longitudinal design to examine the contribution of autonomy support from teachers to reducing adolescent anxiety and depression. A total of 236 Chinese adolescents (57.38% females, Mage = 14.34) completed questionnaires on teacher autonomy support, basic psychological needs satisfaction, school engagement, anxiety, and depression in the fall and spring semesters of their 7th and 8th grade years. The results showed that teacher autonomy support in the fall of 7th grade boosted basic psychological needs satisfaction in the spring of 7th grade; this, in turn, increased school engagement in the fall of 8th grade, which subsequently decreased anxiety and depression in the spring of 8th grade. These findings demonstrated the significant effect of teacher autonomy support on reducing adolescent anxiety and depression; furthermore, it highlighted the mediating roles of basic psychological needs satisfaction and school engagement in this relationship. PMID:27042976

  3. Teacher-to-Teacher Consultation: Facilitating Consistent and Effective Intervention across Grade Levels for Students with ADHD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gormley, Matthew J.; Dupaul, George J.

    2015-01-01

    Teacher-to-teacher consultation (TTC) is an extension of standard behavioral consultation that seeks to transfer an established and effective intervention across a grade-level transition by including teachers from both grade levels as conjoint consultees at the beginning of the second school year. The purpose of the current study was to determine…

  4. The Impact of First-, Second-, and Third-Grade Teachers on Third-Grade Student ISTEP+ Scores

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartley, Jane A.

    2013-01-01

    This study used existing third-grade ISTEP+ data from a cohort of Evansville Vanderburgh School Corporation students to evaluate various non-experimental methods for estimating teacher effects on student test scores. The study considered the impact that first-, second-, and third-grade teachers had on student performance as measured by the Indiana…

  5. Comparison between teacher grading and student self-grading in different modules of agronomy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Méndez, A.; Paz-Ferreiro, J.; Guerrero, F.; Gascó, J. M.; Saá, A.; Tarquis, A. M.; Gascó, G.

    2012-04-01

    The adaptation of the Universities to European Higher Education Area (EHEA) involves changes in the learning system. Students must obtain specific capabilities in the different degrees or masters. For example, in the degree of Agronomy at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (Spain), they must command mathematics, English informatics or crop production. Moreover, students must attain personal skills such as leadership, team work, a critical spirit and a social, environmental and ethical commitment with the environment and the society. A way to evaluate the critical spirit of the students is to compare the grade obtained in a specific module with the grade that the students think he should get. The aim of this work is to evaluate the differences between teacher and student grading in different subjects related to soil science in different degrees and masters courses at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid.

  6. School-Based Accountability and the Distribution of Teacher Quality across Grades in Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuller, Sarah C.; Ladd, Helen F.

    2013-01-01

    We use North Carolina data to explore whether the quality of teachers in the lower elementary grades (K-2) falls short of teacher quality in the upper grades (3-5) and to examine the hypothesis that school accountability pressures contribute to such quality shortfalls. Our concern with the early grades arises from recent studies highlighting how…

  7. The Effect of Teacher Certification on Middle Grades Achievement in an Urban District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neild, Ruth Curran; Farley-Ripple, Elizabeth Nash; Byrnes, Vaughan

    2009-01-01

    Fewer than 20 states require middle grades certification; in most states, credentials overlap so that both elementary and secondary certified teachers may teach in the middle grades. Moreover, in many urban districts, getting teachers for the middle grades is a challenge. Despite this crazy-quilt of certifications and a growing body of work on…

  8. Moral Aspects of Grading: A Study of High School English Teachers' Perceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zoeckler, Laurence G.

    2007-01-01

    Moral issues embedded in grading practices of high school English teachers are central to this study. Arriving at a fair grade while weighing both achievement and non-achievement factors and the role of teachers' expectations are examined using a theoretical framework which considers grading processes in terms of truth, worthwhileness, trust, and…

  9. Teacher-Child Interactions: Relations with Children's Self-Concept in Second Grade

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leflot, Geertje; Onghena, Patrick; Colpin, Hilde

    2010-01-01

    This study examined whether teacher-child interactions characterized by teacher involvement, structure, and autonomy support at the beginning of second grade predicted children's global, academic, social, and behavioural self-concept at the end of second grade. The study was conducted in 30 second grade classrooms with 570 children and their…

  10. Teacher-Student Interactions in Fifth Grade Classrooms: Relations with Children's Peer Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luckner, Amy E.; Pianta, Robert C.

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates the extent to which teacher-student interactions in fifth grade classrooms are associated with peer behavior in fifth grade, accounting for prior peer functioning. Participants included 894 fifth grade students from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. The quality of teacher-student interactions…

  11. The Grading Systems of Award-Winning High School Journalism Teachers in Production-Oriented Classes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sparks, Mary Kahl

    Twenty-seven school journalism teachers who have been honored as "outstanding" by the Newspaper Fund in the last 3 years responded to a survey about how they grade students in production oriented classes. The teachers reported using a variety of grading systems, including subjective decision making, a combination grading system, self-evaluation,…

  12. First-Grade Teachers' Perception and Implementation of a Semi-Scripted Reading Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ainsworth, Mary Taylor; Ortlieb, Evan; Cheek, Earl H., Jr.; Pate, Roberta Simnacher; Fetters, Carol

    2012-01-01

    A teacher's role was dramatically changed from that of an educator to that of a facilitator with the adoption of semi-scripted curriculums. This case study explores teachers' perception and implementation of a state's English Language Arts curriculum in first-grade classrooms. Four first-grade teachers from a large urban school district were…

  13. Girls' Engagement with/in Science: Teacher Perspectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lowery, Patricia A.; Brickhouse, Nancy

    This study is an extension of an on-going longitudinal study, the Girls Engagement With/In Science (GEIS) Project. The GEIS Project was designed to understand how girls who are poor, minority or both, engage in science. The two teachers who form the focus for this study are these girls' 7th and 8th grade teachers. Data for this interpretive…

  14. Exploring PE Teachers' "Gut Feelings": An Attempt to Verbalise and Discuss Teachers' Internalised Grading Criteria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Svennberg, Lena; Meckbach, Jane; Redelius, Karin

    2014-01-01

    Research shows that teachers' grading is influenced by non-achievement factors in addition to official criteria, such as knowledge and skills. Some grading criteria are internalised by the teacher, who is sometimes unable to verbalise the criteria used and refers to what is called a "gut feeling". Therefore, transparency, validity…

  15. The Effects of Teachers' Qualifications, Practices, and Perceptions on Student Achievement in TIMSS Mathematics: A Comparison of Two Countries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dodeen, Hamzeh; Abdelfattah, Faisal; Shumrani, Saleh; Hilal, Maher Abu

    2012-01-01

    This study focused on comparing mathematics teachers' qualifications, practices, and perceptions between Saudi and Taiwanese schools. Data analyzed in this study were the responses of mathematics teachers to the Teacher Background Questionnaire--8th Grade from the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) in 2007. The Saudi…

  16. An Examination of the Impact of Teacher Quality and "Opportunity Gap" on Student Science Achievement in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Danhui; Campbell, Todd

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to better understand questions related to the impact of teacher quality and access to qualified teachers in China. A large-scale data set collected in 2010 in China was used along with concurrently collected teacher questionnaires. In total, surveys from 9,943 8th grade students from 343 middle schools in 6 provinces were used,…

  17. Teacher Competency: New Perspectives on Grade Level and Subject Area Variables.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Streifer, Philip A.

    Data from a 1984 study undertaken to validate 15 teacher competencies for Connecticut's Beginning Teacher Support Program were reanalyzed to determine whether the competencies were applicable to all teachers or were specific to grade levels or subject areas. The original study examined 1733 responses to a survey that asked teachers and…

  18. Sex Differences in Teacher-Pupil Interaction in First Grade Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Felsenthal, Helen

    The patterns of teacher-pupil interaction during first-grade reading instruction as a function of pupil sex were investigated. A total of 439 boys and girls and 71 teachers comprised the sample. The study involved three major phases: measurement of teacher attitudes, classroom observation of teacher-pupil interaction, and measurement of pupils'…

  19. Child Temperament, Teacher-Child Interactions, and Teacher-Child Relationships: A Longitudinal Investigation from First to Third Grade

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudasill, Kathleen Moritz.

    2011-01-01

    The quality of children's relationships with teachers in early elementary grades has implications for their academic and behavioral outcomes in later grades (e.g., Hamre & Pianta, 2001). The current study uses data from the NICHD SECCYD to extend work from a recent study of first grade (Rudasill & Rimm-Kaufman, 2009) by examining connections…

  20. Understanding Teachers in the Midst of Reform: Teachers' Concerns about Reformed Sixth Grade Mathematics Curriculum in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cetinkaya, Bulent

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate mathematics teachers' concerns about the reformed 6th grade mathematics curriculum in Turkey and to identify the possible relations between teachers' personal characteristics and their concerns about the curriculum. 306 in-service mathematics teachers teaching in Ankara participated in the study.…

  1. Cultivating Environmental Virtue among 7th and 8th Graders in an Expeditionary Learning Outward Bound School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Bruce; Bright, Alan; Cafaro, Philip; Mittelstaedt, Robin; Bruyere, Brett

    2008-01-01

    This study attempted to assess the development of environmental virtue in 7th and 8th grade students in an Expeditionary Learning Outward Bound school. The purpose of this study was twofold. First, the researchers were interested in introducing a virtue ethics perspective into their teaching of environmental ethics. Second, the researchers were…

  2. Examining Teacher-Assigned Math Grades as Predictors for High-Stakes Testing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Denson, Bettina Coley

    2013-01-01

    This study sought to determine whether a relationship existed between teacher-assigned classroom grades and high-stakes test scores. The study examined teacher-assigned math grades in correlation to the student scores on the Florida Comprehensive Assessment test (FCAT) in a selected Florida high school. It also sought to determine the relationship…

  3. Performance and Attitude of Student Teachers as Affected by Two Grading Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clawson, Barbara N.; Scruggs, M. Marguerite

    1974-01-01

    Findings of a study conducted at Iowa State University, Ames, indicated student subjects were not affected by the use of pass-fail grading, and that student teachers were less anxious and more positive about their relationship with their cooperating teachers under pass-fail than under A-F grading. (BP)

  4. Teacher Views about the Starting Age of the First Grade Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ari, Asim

    2014-01-01

    This research critically investigated the implementation in Turkey of starting elementary-school first grade at age 5 (60 months) according to teacher feedback. While the study is designed as qualitative, a kind of single case study approach is used with a group of 50 volunteer first-grade teachers serving in 15 elementary schools in the Eskisehir…

  5. Science Content Courses: Workshop in Food Chemistry for 4th Grade School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chaiyapechara, S.; Dong, F. M.

    2004-01-01

    A science content course in food chemistry was offered as a 4-day summer workshop from 1999 to 2001 to 4th grade school teachers in the Seattle School District. The objectives of the workshop were to increase the teachers' knowledge of food science, to perform simple experiments that could be used in the 4th grade classroom, and to help the…

  6. Children's Temperament and Academic Skill Development during First Grade: Teachers' Interaction Styles as Mediators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Viljaranta, Jaana; Aunola, Kaisa; Mullola, Sari; Virkkala, Johanna; Hirvonen, Riikka; Pakarinen, Eija; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

    2015-01-01

    The present study followed 156 Finnish children (M[subscript age] = 7.25 years) during the first grade of primary school to examine to what extent parent- and teacher-rated temperament impacts children's math and reading skill development during the first grade, and the extent to which this impact would be mediated by teachers' interaction styles…

  7. Focus on Nutrition: A Teacher's Handbook for Nutrition Education, Grades Seven Through Twelve.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massachusetts Dept. of Education, Boston. Bureau of Nutrition Education and School Food Services.

    This curriculum guide on the subject of nutrition is designed to aid health education teachers of students from grade seven through grade twelve. It is divided into three parts. Part one presents background information for teachers who have had no formal training in nutrition, and also serves as a review for school nurses and health educators. In…

  8. Teacher as Judge or Partner: The Dilemma of Grades versus Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farias, Gerard; Farias, Christine M.; Fairfield, Kent D.

    2010-01-01

    Students are socialized to value grades, sometimes more than learning. Although many teachers are devoted to a learning-centered approach, others signal by their actions a deep-set interest in grading. The authors used a 2 x 2 matrix to analyze potential matches and mismatches between teacher orientation and student orientation. The implications…

  9. Teachers Touch the Sky: A Workshop in Astronomy for Teachers in Grades 3-9

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Buratti, Bonnie J.; Banholzer, S.; Dalba, P. A.; Edberg, S.

    2012-10-01

    Nine times during the past two decades, JPL technical staff assisted by master teachers conducted a one-week workshop for teachers in grades 3-9. The teachers are walked through hands-on activities that are all based on current projects in astronomy and space science at JPL. The activities are inquiry-based and emphasize the scientific method and fundamental math and science skills. Each year the workshop focuses on a NASA theme: in 2012 it was the Dawn Mission to the asteroid 4 Vesta. Several activities are based on the Lawrence Livermore Lab’s Great Exploration in Math and Science (GEMS) guides. Teachers tour JPL’s facilities such as the Space Flight Operations Center, the Spacecraft Assembly Facility, and the Mars Yard. The integration of the lessons into the teachers’ own curricula is discussed, and a field trip to JPL’s Table Mountain Observatory is included. Teachers learn of the resources NASA makes available to them, and they have the opportunity to talk to “real” scientists about their work. Teachers receive a stipend for participation plus classroom materials. Work funded by NASA through an E&PO supplement to the Dawn Participating Scientist Program.

  10. The Impact of Teacher Assigned but Not Graded Compared to Teacher Assigned and Graded Chemistry Homework on the Formative and Summative Chemistry Assessment Scores of 11th-Grade Students with Varying Chemistry Potential

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Jennifer L.

    2010-01-01

    The study analyzed 2005 posttest data compared to 2008 posttest data to determine student end of school year academic achievement outcomes across three academic levels (above average, average, and below average chemistry potential) and two teacher homework evaluation methods (assigned but not graded and assigned and graded) on teacher prepared…

  11. Why are urban Indian 6th graders using more tobacco than 8th graders? Findings from Project MYTRI

    PubMed Central

    Stigler, M H; Perry, C L; Arora, M

    2006-01-01

    Objective To investigate why urban Indian 6th graders may be using more tobacco than urban Indian 8th graders. Design Cross‐sectional survey of students conducted in the summer of 2004, as the baseline evaluation tool for a group‐randomised tobacco prevention intervention trial (Project MYTRI). Mixed‐effects regression models were used to (1) examine the relationship between 15 psychosocial risk factors and current use of any tobacco, by grade; and (2) examine differences in psychosocial risk factors, by grade. Setting Thirty‐two private (high socioeconomic status (SES)) and government (low‐mid SES) schools in two large cities in India (Delhi and Chennai). Subjects Students in the 6th and 8th grade in these schools (n  =  11642). Among these, 50.6% resided in Delhi (v Chennai), 61.4% attended a government school (v a private school), 52.9% were enrolled in 6th grade (v 8th), and 54.9% were male (v female). Main outcome measure Current (past 30 day) use of any tobacco, including chewing tobacco (for example, gutkha), bidis, or cigarettes. Result Almost all psychosocial factors were significantly related to tobacco use, for students in both grades. Some of the strongest correlates included social susceptibility to and social norms about use. Exposure to tobacco advertising was a strong correlate of tobacco use for 6th graders, but not for 8th graders. Sixth graders scored lower than 8th graders on almost all factors, indicating higher risk. Conclusions The “risk profile” of 6th graders suggests they would be vulnerable to use and to begin using tobacco, as well as to outside influences that may encourage use. PMID:16723678

  12. Teachers Touch the Sky: A Workshop in Astronomy for Teachers in Grades 3-9

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Buratti, B.; Edberg, S.

    2011-12-01

    Using the natural fascination the public holds towards its work, NASA encourages and funds its scientists to do education and public outreach (E&PO) to both children and adults. Space science is especially interesting to students, less threatening to teachers than some other sciences, and interdisciplinary in nature. These features make it the ideal vehicle for teaching basic scientific concepts to children in a concrete and captivating manner. During the past decade, and again during the summer of 2011, JPL staff and two master teachers conducted a one-week workshop for teachers in grades 3-9. The teachers are walked through hands-on activities that are all based on current projects in astronomy and space science at the Jet Propulsion Lab. The activities are inquiry-based and emphasize the scientific method and fundamental math and science skills. Each year the workshop focuses on a NASA theme: this year it will be the Dawn Mission to the asteroid 4 Vesta, as orbit insertion occurs right before the workshop. At least two activities are based on the Lawrence Livermore Lab's Great Exploration in Math and Science (GEMS) guides. Teachers tour JPL's facilities such as the Space Flight Operations Center, the Spacecraft Assembly Facility, and the Mars Yard. The integration of the lessons into the teachers' own curricula is discussed, and a field trip to JPL's Table Mountain Observatory is included. Teachers learn of the resources NASA makes available to them, and they have the opportunity to talk to "real" scientists about their work. Teachers receive an honorarium for participation plus classroom materials An extensive evaluation is done each year and improvements are made the next year based on the results of the evaluation. Funded by NASA.

  13. Language Arts Handbook for Primary Teachers in Multi-Graded Classrooms. South-Central Region.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

    This handbook presents materials designed to assist teachers in meeting the needs of primary school children in multi-graded classrooms. The handbook is divided into two parts. The first part consists of the following sections: (1) the multi-graded school; (2) strategies for multi-graded classrooms; (3) oracy--listening and speaking; (4) language…

  14. Report on the 8th European Congress on Menopause.

    PubMed

    Eglinton, Elizabeth; Al-Azzawi, Farook

    2009-09-01

    The 8th European Congress on Menopause (EMAS), held 16-19 May 2009 in London, UK, was organized by the European Menopause and Andropause Society and hosted by the British Menopause Society (BMS). The Congress invited speakers from a range of European countries as well as some from the USA, Ecuador, Chile, Australia and South Africa, and attracted 1470 participants from over 70 countries as far afield as the Americas and East Asia. PMID:19702446

  15. Maker of SAT Aims New Test at 8th Graders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cech, Scott J.

    2008-01-01

    Officials at the New York City-based College Board last week rolled out their newest product: ReadiStep. No, it is not a new piece of exercise equipment or a whipped dessert topping--it is a test for 8th graders that some critics are calling a pre-PSAT, referring to the Preliminary SAT assessment taken by 9th and 10th graders and owned by the…

  16. Further Evidence for Teacher Knowledge: Supporting Struggling Readers in Grades Three through Five

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCutchen, Deborah; Green, Laura; Abbott, Robert D.; Sanders, Elizabeth A.

    2009-01-01

    We report the results of a study with 30 teachers designed to examine the effects of teacher knowledge on the achievement of struggling readers. We worked with teachers of grades three, four, and five during a 10-day intervention focused on literacy instruction and related linguistic knowledge, and we assessed their students' learning across the…

  17. Mathematical Communications: Elementary Pre-Service Teachers' E-Mail Exchanges with Sixth Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tunc-Pekkan, Zelha; D'Ambrosio, Beatriz S.

    2009-01-01

    This study examines the communication between pre-service teachers and sixth grade students in a project in which email was used for communication as students learned about fractions and were supported by the pre-service teachers. Specifically, the study investigated how the pre-service teachers applied their mathematical knowledge to understand…

  18. Spelling Instruction in the Primary Grades: Teachers' Beliefs, Practices, and Concerns

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doyle, Antoinette; Zhang, Jing; Mattatall, Chris

    2015-01-01

    This study examined Canadian teachers' beliefs, practices and concerns about spelling instruction in the primary grades. Data from surveys (n = 56) indicated that most teachers believe that spelling is important and plan for spelling instruction. For most teachers, the spelling words and activities used, and the instructional resources they chose,…

  19. Eighth Grade In-Service Teachers' Knowledge of Proportional Reasoning and Functions: A Secondary Data Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masters, Jessica

    2012-01-01

    A secondary data analysis was conducted using a large dataset from a study related to online professional development for eighth grade teachers of mathematics. Using this data, the paper provides a snapshot of the current state of teachers' knowledge related to proportional reasoning and functions. The paper also considers how teachers' knowledge…

  20. Effects of Teacher Educational Background and Experience on Student Achievement in the Early Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leak, James Alexander

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation examines the relationship between teacher educational background, teacher experience, and student achievement in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade. The first essay of this dissertation, "Effects of Teacher Degree Level, Coursework, and Certification on Student Achievement in Math and Reading in Kindergarten,"…

  1. First-Grade Teachers' Response to Three Models of Professional Development in Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlisle, Joanne F.; Cortina, Kai Schnabel; Katz, Lauren A.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare 1st-grade teachers' responses to professional development (PD) programs in reading that differed in means and degree of support for teachers' learning and efforts to improve their reading instruction. We compared 3 models of PD: the 1st model provided only seminars for the teachers, the 2nd model provided…

  2. Computer Applications with the Related Facts in Multi-Grade: Teachers Opinions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Öztürk, Mesut; Yilmaz, Gül Kaleli; Akkan, Yasar; Kaplan, Abdullah

    2015-01-01

    The study was conducted to examine the views on the use of computers in mathematics courses teachers in multi grade schools. The case study method of qualitative research design was used in this study. 10 teachers in the Bayburt in Turkey participated in the study. Conducted interviews with teachers participating in the study and the observations…

  3. Exploring Seventh-Grade Students' and Pre-Service Science Teachers' Misconceptions in Astronomical Concepts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Korur, Fikret

    2015-01-01

    Pre-service science teachers' conceptual understanding of astronomical concepts and their misconceptions in these concepts is crucial to study since they will teach these subjects in middle schools after becoming teachers. This study aimed to explore both seventh-grade students' and the science teachers' understanding of astronomical concepts and…

  4. The Role of Teacher Training on Student Computer Use in Illinois at the Third Grade Level.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bedard, Annette

    In a national survey, teachers who had more computer technology training used computers with their students in more ways and to a greater extent than teachers with fewer hours. Using the same questions, responses from third grade public school teachers in Illinois were compared to the responses in the national survey. Also, in this study, the…

  5. First Grade Teacher's Feelings about Discussing Death in the Classroom and Suggestions To Support Them.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Velazquez-Cordero, Minerva

    Drawing on the literature and a survey of first-grade teachers, this paper provides a summary of the ways children grieve, children's ideas on death, ways to help children contend with the difficulties surrounding death, and teachers' feelings about discussing death in the classroom. Twelve teachers completed a questionnaire about how to…

  6. A Problem-Based Learning Scenario That Can Be Used in Science Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sezgin Selçuk, Gamze

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to introduce a problem-based learning (PBL) scenario that elementary school science teachers in middle school (5th-8th grades) can use in their in-service training. The scenario treats the subjects of heat, temperature and thermal expansion within the scope of the 5th and 6th grade science course syllabi and has been…

  7. Conceptual Representations of Flu and Microbial Illness Held by Students, Teachers, and Medical Professionals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, M. Gail; Rua, Melissa J.

    2008-01-01

    This study describes 5th, 8th, and 11th-grade students', teachers', and medical professionals' conceptions of flu and microbial illness. Participants constructed a concept map on "flu" and participated in a semi-structured interview. The results showed that these groups of students, teachers and medical professionals held and structured their…

  8. Teacher Performance and Student Learning: Linking Evidence from Two National Assessment Programmes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taut, Sandy; Valencia, Edgar; Palacios, Diego; Santelices, Maria V.; Jiménez, Daniela; Manzi, Jorge

    2016-01-01

    This paper investigates the validity of a national, standards-based teacher evaluation programme by examining the relationship between teachers' evaluation results and their students' learning progress. We used census achievement data that assessed the same cohort of students at the end of 8th and 10th grade. We applied multilevel modelling and…

  9. Assessment of the Inquiry-Based Project Application in Science Education upon Turkish Science Teachers' Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akinoglu, Orhan

    2008-01-01

    Aim of the study is to assess the project works and application processes in science education of 6th, 7th and 8th grades in primary education upon teachers' perspectives. The research was fulfilled upon the descriptive survey model to collect data. Participants of the research were 90 teachers, having project management experience in science…

  10. Teachers' Perceptions of Developmentally Appropriate Practices in Teaching Reading and Writing for First Grade Students in Kuwait

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Dhafir, Mohammad

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine the Kuwaiti first grade teachers' perceptions of developmentally appropriate practices in teaching reading and writing. To achieve the research purpose, a questionnaire was developed and administrated to 167 first grade teachers. Results revealed that first grade teachers hold moderate agreement towards…

  11. The 8th Century Megadrought Across North America

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stahle, D. W.; Therrell, M. D.; Cleaveland, M. K.; Fye, F. K.; Cook, E. R.; Grissino-Mayer, H. D.; Acuna-Soto, R.

    2002-12-01

    Tree-ring data suggest that the 8th and 16th century megadroughts may have been the most severe and sustained droughts to impact North America in the past 1500 years. The 16th century megadrought may have persisted for up to 40 years, and extended from the tropics to the boreal forest and from the Pacific to Atlantic coasts. Evidence for the 8th century drought is sparse, but tree-ring and lake sediment data indicate that this drought extended from the northern Great Plains, across the southwestern United States, and into central Mexico and the Yucatan peninsula. Tree-ring data from Colorado and New Mexico document severe drought from A.D. 735-765, and may provide accurate and precise dating for the onset of the epic droughts reconstructed during the late first millennium A.D. with sedimentary data from Elk Lake, Minnesota; Moon Lake, South Dakota; La Piscina de Yuriria, Guanajuato; and Lake Chichancanab, Yucatan. If these chronological refinements are correct, then the sedimentary records suggest much greater persistence to the 8th century megadrought than indicated by the very high resolution tree-ring data, and a strong second pulse of prolonged drought late in the first millennium. Analyses of instrumental precipitation and drought indices during the 20th century, along with tree-ring reconstructions of climate in Mexico and the Southwest, indicate that annual and decadal droughts can both simultaneously impact the entire region from New Mexico and Texas down into central Mexico. The intensity and large-scale impact of drought across this region seem to be greatest when La Nina conditions and the low phase of the North Pacific oscillation prevail. The tree-ring dated 8th century megadrought occurred near the decline of the Classic Period civilizations at Teotihuacan in central Mexico and in the Mayan region of the Yucatan. The 8th century megadrought may have interacted with anthropogenic environmental degradation, epidemic disease, and social upheaval to

  12. 1. E Street (north) facade and 8th Street (east) side. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. E Street (north) facade and 8th Street (east) side. The next property south on 8th Street is the Potomac Electric Power Company station (422 8th Street), south of that is Lansburgh's Warehouse (410 8th Street), and south of that is 408 8th Street and then a parking lot. - Simon Oppenheimer & Brother Building, 800 E Street, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  13. 8th International Symposium on Supramolecular and Macrocyclic Chemistry

    SciTech Connect

    Davis, Jeffery T.

    2015-09-18

    This report summarizes the 8th International Conference on Supramolecular and Macrocyclic Chemistry (ISMSC-8). DOE funds were used to make it more affordable for students, post-docs and junior faculty to attend the conference by covering their registration costs. The conference was held in Crystal City, VA from July 7-11, 2013. See http://www.indiana.edu/~ismsc8/ for the conference website. ISMSC-8 encompassed the broad scope and interdisciplinary nature of the field. We met our goal to bring together leading scientists in molecular recognition and supramolecular chemistry. New research directions and collaborations resulted this conference. The DOE funding was crucial for us achieving our primary goal.

  14. ITRI Informational Text Reading Inventory: Grade 3 Teacher Guide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Innovation in Assessment (NJ1), 2013

    2013-01-01

    The Grade 3 Informational Text Reading Inventory (ITRI) was developed to address the specific reading challenges that grade 3 students encounter as they move from reading largely narrative textbooks in grade 2 to being expected to read and comprehend more dense and content-driven text in grade 3. This booklet contains all of the information…

  15. Critical Moments in Negotiating Authority: Grading, Accountability, and Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brubaker, Nathan D.

    2015-01-01

    Understanding teacher educators' reasoning about critical moments in negotiating authority can inform efforts to foster democratic teacher education practices and prepare future teachers to teach democratically. We know very little, however, about critical moments in negotiating authority, particularly in teacher educators' practices. The purpose…

  16. "With Percentages the 100 Is Always in the Denominator": From the Field to Pre-Service Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cincinatus, Ronit Bassan; Sheffet, Malka

    2016-01-01

    The ubiquity of the subject of percentages in our everyday life demands that math teachers and pre-service math teachers demonstrate a profound knowledge and thorough understanding of the concept of percentages. This work, which originated from one specific lesson in an 8th grade math class, studies the conceptual understanding and problem-solving…

  17. Nursing in the 8th Evacuation Hospital, 1942-1945.

    PubMed

    Brown, William J

    2015-01-01

    This article describes the experiences of Army nurses in the University of Virginia sponsored 8th Evacuation Hospital during World War II. In addition, it examines gender and role differences within the Army Medical Department, and how nurses' contributions helped shape the profession. This research used traditional historical methods of inquiry to include both primary and secondary sources of information. Primary sources include newspaper clippings, letters, citations, and photographs from the archival collections of the 8th Evacuation Hospital located in the University of Virginia Historical Collections and Services, Charlottesville, VA, and journal articles from that period. Secondary sources consisted of bibliographical and historical texts. Evidence suggests that advances in the chain-of-evacuation, antibiotics, dissemination of blood products, and nurses' expanded roles all contributed to increased survival of the wounded. Nurses' performance garnered an enduring respect from combatants who received care, as well as the medical officers and enlisted personnel with whom they worked on a daily basis. Collaboration, mutual respect, and coordinated teamwork were critical for mission success. Army nurses demonstrated that they had the mettle to go into a war zone and perform in an exemplary manner. PMID:26606414

  18. 8th edition of the Table of Isotopes: 1998 Update

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Firestone, Richard B.; Chu, S. Y. Frank; Baglin, Coral M.

    1997-10-01

    The 8th edition of the Table of Isotopes (John Wiley, New York) was published in 1996 as both a two-volume book and a CD-ROM. A 1998 update to the 8th edition CD-ROM is nearly completed. The 1998 update will include data added to the Evaluated Nuclear Structure Data File (ENSDF) since about 1995. Special effort was taken, for this update, to revise ENSDF for nuclides far-from-stability, superdeformed bands, and spontaneous fission. The update will contain data for over 3600 isotopes and isomers, nearly 500 more than the previous edition. The Table of Isotopes is being prepared in Acrobat PDF format and provided with Acrobat Reader software for most computers. This new version will be Internet enabled including local HTML links to additional data for nuclear astrophysics, atomic masses, radioactive decay, fission yields, and other information. The CD-ROM will also contain the ENSDF and Nuclear Science Reference (NSR) files. Isotope Explorer software (PC) will be provided to search the ENSDF database to display level scheme drawings, data tables, plots, nuclear charts, and to perform literature searches. An Internet publication of the Table of Isotopes is under developement.

  19. To Grade or Not to Grade: Balancing Formative and Summative Assessment in Post-16 Teacher Trainee Observations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matthews, Richard; Noyes, Andrew

    2016-01-01

    The issue of whether trainee teachers in the post-16 sector should have their classroom practice graded has been debated for a number of years. The case for training courses retaining an emphasis on written and verbal "developmental" feedback at the expense of "judgements" appears to be lost. This article is set within the…

  20. The Effects of Multiple Assessments of the Discovery Education Assessment on Teacher Self-Efficacy of Eighth-Grade Mathematics Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKinzie, Abasi H.

    2012-01-01

    This study utilized the student scores of eighth-grade mathematics students on the "Discovery Education Assessment," as well as the self-efficacy perceptions of eighth-grade mathematics teachers as determined by the "Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale" ("TSES") from seven middle schools that encompassed grades 6-8…

  1. Teacher and Parent Views on the Instruction of 5th Grade Students by Branch Teachers in the 4+4+4 Education System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yildizhan, Yusuf Hayri

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this study is to examine the teacher and parent views on the instruction of 5th grade students by branch teachers. This study is designed according to the phenomenology design and uses qualitative data. In order to collect data, open-ended questions were asked to 18 teachers and 16 parents of 5th grade students on the subject, and…

  2. ITRI Informational Text Reading Inventory: Grade 5 Teacher Guide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Innovation in Assessment (NJ1), 2013

    2013-01-01

    The Grade 5 Informational Text Reading Inventory (ITRI) was developed to address the specific reading challenges that grade 5 students encounter when reading their textbooks and other informational text. In fifth grade, students are expected not only to comprehend difficult passages, but also to extend their comprehension through drawing…

  3. Favorite Newbery Books of Sixth Grade Students, Teachers, and Library Media Specialists.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kerby, Ramona N.

    1999-01-01

    Identifies Newbery books most frequently chosen as favorites by 2,211 sixth-grade students, sixth-grade teachers, and school library media specialists. FInds that boys chose "Maniac Magee" (Jerry Spinelli), girls chose "Number the Stars" (Lois Lowry), and adults chose "The Giver" (Lois Lowry). (RS)

  4. Grading Practices: Teachers' Considerations of Academic and Non-Academic Factors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yesbeck, Diana Marie

    2011-01-01

    In the current era of student accountability, coupled with high-stakes testing, schools have focused on the alignment of standardized curriculums and assessments. However, developing standardized grading practices are still under examination. Grading serves as an important responsibility, yet many teachers still find the process a challenge of…

  5. An Old Chestnut Revisited: Teachers' Opinions and Attitudes toward Grading within a Competency Based Training Framework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richards, James

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore teachers' opinions with regard to the value and process of grading within a competency based training (CBT) framework, following the introduction of a formalised grading system at a specialist Technical and Further Education centre for hospitality and tourism training The data were gathered using a 16-item…

  6. "Language Enrichment" Teacher Preparation and Practice Predicts Third Grade Reading Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carreker, Suzanne H.; Swank, Paul R.; Tillman-Dowdy, Lynn; Neuhaus, Graham F.; Monfils, Mary Jo; Montemayor, Mary Lou; Johnson, Paul

    2005-01-01

    First and second grade public school teachers were trained through interactive video-conferencing to implement "Language Enrichment," an Orton-Gillingham-based literacy instruction. The effectiveness of the linguistically informed training was demonstrated by documenting the longitudinal third grade reading comprehension achievement of their…

  7. Kindergarten through Second-Grade Teachers' Knowledge and Beliefs about Dyslexia Assessment and Retention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foreman-Sinclair, Kimberly Ann

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this mixed research study was to investigate early assessment and identification for dyslexia in kindergarten through second grade, and to examine whether teachers' knowledge and beliefs lead to the practice of retaining students in grade rather than recommending formal dyslexia assessment. This study investigated both…

  8. Benefits of Single-Gender Education: Perceptions of Middle Grade Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nattress, Deborah A.

    2013-01-01

    This quantitative study used descriptive statistics to evaluate data obtained from 179 middle grade teachers, grades 5-9, currently working in a single-gender environment, including public, private, and charter schools, with regard to the academic and behavioral benefits of single-gender education. The study used a survey created by Dr. John Fry…

  9. COPES, Conceptually Oriented Program in Elementary Science: Teacher's Guide for Grade Five, Preliminary Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York Univ., NY. Center for Field Research and School Services.

    This document provides the teacher's guide for grade five for the Conceptually Oriented Program in Elementary Science (COPES) science curriculum project. The guide includes an introduction to COPES, instructions for using the guide, instructions for assessment of student's grade 4 mastery of science concepts, and five science units. Each unit…

  10. Teacher Competence and the Academic Achievement of Sixth Grade Students in Uganda

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wamala, Robert; Seruwagi, Gerald

    2013-01-01

    The study investigates the influence of teacher competence on the academic achievement of sixth grade students in Uganda. The investigation is based on data sourced from the 2009 Southern African Consortium for Monitoring Education Quality (SACMEQ) survey comprising 5,148 records of sixth grade students enrolled in primary schools in Uganda. The…

  11. Classwide Efficacy of INSIGHTS: Observed Teacher Practices and Student Behaviors in Kindergarten and First Grade

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cappella, Elise; O'Connor, Erin E.; McCormick, Meghan P.; Turbeville, Ashley R.; Collins, Ashleigh J.; McClowry, Sandee G.

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the classwide efficacy of INSIGHTS, a universal social-emotional learning intervention for early elementary grades, on observed teacher practices and student behaviors. Twenty-two elementary schools (87% free/reduced lunch) were randomly assigned to INSIGHTS or an attention-control condition. Kindergarten and first-grade classrooms…

  12. How Rwandan Grade 6 Mathematics Teachers Teach--A First Investigation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maniraho, Jean Francois; Christiansen, Iben Maj

    2015-01-01

    This paper offers a tentative snapshot of Grade 6 mathematics classroom practices in Rwanda based on twenty video recorded lessons. It has an objective of investigating through evaluation, the teaching strategies used by Rwandan Grade 6 Mathematics teachers in their classrooms. In the absence of sufficient instruments to measure Pedagogical…

  13. Teacher Consultation To Develop Students' Higher Level Thinking Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singer, Elaine; Houtz, John C.

    An inservice consultation program between teachers and a school psychologist was designed to establish classroom conditions to improve 7th- and 8th-grade students' (N=233) thinking skills. Inservice training conducted by the psychologist emphasized encouragement of ideas, modeling thinking skills, opportunities for practice, and support of diverse…

  14. Multimodal Representations: A Fifth-Grade Teacher Influences Students' Design and Production

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shanahan, Lynn E.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this interpretive case study is to explore--through a close analysis of one fifth-grade class project--teacher's scaffolding and students' use of visual and linguistic modes when composing multimodally. Using Kress and van Leeuwen's multimodal theory of communication as a framework, this case study examines why teachers, whose…

  15. Impact of Online Professional Development on Teacher Quality and Student Achievement in Fifth Grade Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dash, Sheralyn; de Kramer, Raquel Magidin; O'Dwyer, Laura M.; Masters, Jessica; Russell, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Despite the ever-increasing number of online professional development (OPD) programs, relatively few studies have been conducted to examine the efficacy of such programs for teachers and students. This manuscript presents findings from an impact study of OPD courses in fractions, algebraic thinking, and measurement on 79 fifth grade teachers'…

  16. Third and Fourth Grade Teacher's Classroom Practices in Writing: A National Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brindle, Mary; Graham, Steve; Harris, Karen R.; Hebert, Michael

    2016-01-01

    A random sample of teachers in grades 3 and 4 (N = 157) from across the United States were surveyed about their use of evidence-based writing practices, preparation to teach writing, and beliefs about writing. Teachers' beliefs included their efficacy to teach writing, their orientations to teach writing, their attitude about teaching writing, and…

  17. Students' Learning Assessment Practices Used by Jordanian Teachers of Mathematics for Grades (1-6)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abed, Eman Rasmi; Abu Awwad, Ferial Mohammad

    2016-01-01

    This study aims to investigate the students' learning assessment practices used by Jordanian teachers of mathematics for grades (1-6) in Amman. The sample of the study consists of (402) teachers. A questionnaire of (72) items are developed on four domains, namely: questions, homework, exams, and alternative strategies. Validity and reliability are…

  18. SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Language Arts, Unit 6, Grade 2, Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.

    Language arts instructional and assessment activities for grade two are described in this teacher's guide to the language arts strand of unit six. Focus, objective and materials for each activity are given in English and Spanish, with teacher instructions only in Spanish. This strand includes a continuation of the basic activities of past units:…

  19. AquaSMART: Water & Boating Safety, Grades K-2. Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas State Dept. of Parks and Wildlife, Austin.

    This teacher's guide accompanies a program designed to teach water and boating safety to students in grades K-2. The written curriculum accompanies a video, AquaSMART K-2. The theme of the curriculum is AquaSMART. To become AquaSMART, students must learn 10 basic lessons for water and boating safety. The teacher's guide begins with an overview of…

  20. Acid Rain. Activities for Grades 4 to 12. A Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, David; Bryant, Jeannette

    This teacher's guide on acid rain is divided into three study areas to explain: (1) what causes acid rain; (2) what problems acid rain has created; and (3) what teachers and students can do to help combat acid rain. Instructions for activities within the study areas include suggested grade levels, objectives, materials needed, and directions for…

  1. Analyzing Stories Told by an Elementary Science Teacher in a Fifth-Grade Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trotman, Alicia M.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to analyze and interpret the stories told by one teacher, Ms. M, in a fifth grade science classroom. In this study, stories are defined as teacher utterances that are used in first person or third person narrative view, and are related to an experience that occurred outside the classroom. This research…

  2. An Investigation of Science and Technology Teachers' Views on the 5th Grade Science Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dasdemir, Ikramettin

    2014-01-01

    This study was conducted to explore the science and technology teachers' views on the implementation of 5th grade science course. Open-ended questions were used as a data collection tool. The study sample consisted of 28 science and technology teachers working in Erzurum in 2012-2013 education year. The data gathered were analysed via content…

  3. The Effects of a Classroom Management Teacher Training Primary Prevention Program on Fifth-Grade Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moskowitz, Joel M.; And Others

    Effective Classroom Management II-Elementary (ECM), an in-service teacher training course, was evaluated. Grade 5 teachers were taught techniques in communication, classroom management, and self-esteem enhancement. The goals were to make classroom environments more responsive to students' affective and cognitive needs, thereby fostering positive…

  4. Nutrition Instruction in Seventh Grade: A Comparison of Teachers with and without FCS Background

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murimi, Mary W.; Sample, Alicia; Hunt, Alice

    2008-01-01

    This study compared attitudes and confidence levels, regarding classroom nutrition education, of seventh grade teachers of nutrition, family and consumer sciences (FCS), or health education. A 17-item online questionnaire was used to obtain the data from randomly selected schools in Louisiana. Teachers who reported an educational background in FCS…

  5. Teacher-Student Relationship Quality Type in Elementary Grades: Effects on Trajectories for Achievement and Engagement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Jiun-Yu; Hughes, Jan N.; Kwok, Oi-Man

    2010-01-01

    Teacher, peer, and student reports of the quality of the teacher-student relationship were obtained for an ethnically diverse and academically at-risk sample of 706 second- and third-grade students. Cluster analysis identified four types of relationships based on the consistency of child reports of support and conflict in the relationship with…

  6. Teacher and Student Behaviors in the Contexts of Grade-Level and Instructional Grouping

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hollo, Alexandra; Hirn, Regina G.

    2015-01-01

    Teacher behaviors such as providing frequent opportunities to respond and feedback are known to promote student engagement. In addition, contextual variables such as grade-level and instructional grouping may affect engagement. However, less is known about teacher behavior in these instructional contexts. This study aimed to examine active…

  7. Bound by Tradition: Teachers' Views of Crucial Grading and Reporting Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guskey, Thomas R.

    2009-01-01

    This study explored teachers' views on several decisive issues regarding grading and reporting student learning. Data were gathered through a survey administered to 556 K-12 teachers from a medium-size, Midwest school district with a student population that closely approximates national student demographics. MANOVA analyses revealed few…

  8. Teacher Sense of Efficacy for Literacy Instruction and Student Reading Achievement in Grades Three through Eight

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poggio, Jennifer M.

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of teacher sense of efficacy for literacy instruction on reading achievement in grades three through eight. In previous studies, a teacher's sense of efficacy was shown to be correlated to student achievement (Ashton & Webb, 1986; Moore & Esselman, 1992). However, research attempting to uncover the…

  9. Teachers' Perceptions of the Effectiveness of Benchmark Assessment Data to Predict Student Math Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Lawanna M.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this correlational quantitative study was to examine the extent to which teachers perceive the use of benchmark assessment data as effective; the extent to which the time spent teaching mathematics is associated with students' mathematics grades, and the extent to which the results of math benchmark assessment influence teachers'…

  10. Comparison of Preschool and First Grade Teachers' Views about School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sahin, Ikbal Tuba; Sak, Ramazan; Tuncer, Nuran

    2013-01-01

    School readiness is an important concern for parents and teachers because it is a multifaceted process which encompasses all the developmental areas and various skills of children rather than only focusing on cognitive and literacy skills. In particular, preschool and first grade teachers experience the positive and negative sides of the process…

  11. Mathematics Confidence, Grade-Level Choice, Gender, and Age in Preservice Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pearson, Lesley Knoth

    2012-01-01

    Problem: The purpose of the study was to determine whether teachers' mathematics confidence influenced their choice of grade level. The study also examined whether there was a difference in teachers' mathematics confidence based on their age or gender. Method: A 6-item Mathematics Survey was distributed to 83 single-and multiple-subject…

  12. A Culturally Responsive, Transnational Middle Grades Teacher Education Program in American Samoa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zuercher, Deborah K.; Yoshioka, Jon; Deering, Paul D.; Martin, Katie; Curry, Kezia; O'Neill, Tara; Apisa, Sheila W.

    2012-01-01

    Since 1979, the American Samoa Department of Education and the University of Hawai'i have partnered to provide education and training for American Samoan teachers. Beginning in 2009, these efforts have focused on teachers in the middle grades. This article describes the context, program structure, and implementation of a graduate degree program in…

  13. Environmental Studies Center Teacher Books. 7th Grade - Spoil Island Investigation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin County Schools, Jensen Beach, FL. Environmental Studies Center.

    This teacher's guide, one of nine teacher packages developed for use in the sequential, hands-on, field-oriented, K-8 environmental education program of the Martin County Schools in Florida, was developed for use with secondary students in grade seven prior to and after a visit to an environmental studies center located near an estuarine area. The…

  14. Observed Classroom Quality in First Grade: Associations with Teacher, Classroom, and School Characteristics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cadima, Joana; Peixoto, Carla; Leal, Teresa

    2014-01-01

    The observation and assessment of quality of teacher--child interactions in elementary school settings are increasingly recognized as important; however, research is still very limited in European countries. In this study, we examined the quality of the interactions between teacher and children in first-grade classrooms in Portugal and the extent…

  15. A Study of Japanese Lesson Study with Third Grade Mathematics Teachers in a Small School District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hart, Lynn

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes implementation of a Lesson Study project with third grade teachers in a small school district to study the development of the critical lenses (perspectives) necessary for meaningful lesson study work. Adapting the Lesson Study process to meet school system needs, two outside facilitators stimulated teacher thinking with math…

  16. Teachers' Communication of Goal Orientations in Four Fifth-Grade Classrooms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patrick, Helen; Anderman, Lynley H.; Ryan, Allison M.; Edelin, Kimberley C.; Midgley, Carol

    2001-01-01

    Investigated the explicit and implicit ways in which fifth-grade teachers communicated an emphasis on mastery and performance goal orientations to their students. Found that teachers perceived as having a high mastery focus spoke about learning as an active process, and this was reflected in their practices, which emphasized formal assessments,…

  17. CHARACTERISTICS OF TEACHER BEHAVIOR RELATED TO THE ACHIEVEMENT OF CHILDREN IN SEVERAL ELEMENTARY GRADES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    HEIL, LOUIS M.; AND OTHERS

    THE VARIOUS KINDS OF TEACHER BEHAVIOR WHICH ARE ASSOCIATED WITH THE ACHIEVEMENT OF CHILDREN OF DIFFERENT KINDS OF PERSONALITY AND LEVELS OF INTELLIGENCE, AND THE PREDICTORS OF THOSE TEACHER BEHAVIORS ASSOCIATED WITH THE ACHIEVEMENT OF THE DIFFERENT KINDS OF CHILDREN WERE STUDIED. THE SAMPLE INCLUDED APPROXIMATELY 1,500 CHILDREN (GRADES 3 THROUGH…

  18. Introducing Children to Space, the Lincoln Plan. A Space Handbook for Teachers Grades K through 6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watkins, Steven N.

    This handbook for space science was developed for use by elementary school teachers of grades K-6. The instructional plan of this guide presents activities for students of various maturity levels--five through eleven years. Teachers are encouraged to use the materials to meet the needs of individuals in the class. Most of the activities included…

  19. Student Groupings and Instructional Strategies of Kindergarten and First-Grade Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawler, S. Dianne

    Examined were differences between 36 Tennessee kindergarten and first-grade teachers' us of student groupings and instructional time. Teachers were observed twice at the beginning of the school year and once again approximately 8 weeks later. Eight observers collected data using the Stallings Observation Instrument, a measure consisting of: (1) a…

  20. Primary Grades Teachers' Instructional Decisions during Online Mathematics Professional Development Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Polly, Drew; Martin, Christie S.; Wang, Chuang; Lambert, Richard G.; Pugalee, David K.

    2016-01-01

    This study examines primary grades teachers' instructional decisions in their mathematics classroom during their participation in a year-long professional development program on formative assessment. Teachers participated in 40 h of face-to-face workshops followed by 40 h of classroom-embedded activities that were facilitated in an asynchronous…

  1. Within-School Variation in Teacher Quality: The Case of Ninth Grade

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neild, Ruth Curran; Farley-Ripple, Elizabeth

    2008-01-01

    There is abundant evidence that ninth grade is a critical year for students, particularly those enrolled in large urban school districts. Despite the importance of the freshman year for subsequent academic success, the existence of teacher status systems within schools suggests that ninth graders, who are traditionally viewed by teachers as…

  2. Depressive Symptoms in Third-Grade Teachers: Relations to Classroom Quality and Student Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLean, Leigh; Connor, Carol McDonald

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated associations among third-grade teachers' (N = 27) symptoms of depression, quality of the classroom-learning environment (CLE), and students' (N = 523, M[subscript age] = 8.6 years) math and literacy performance. teachers' depressive symptoms in the winter negatively predicted students' spring mathematics achievement. This…

  3. Individual Teacher Incentives, Student Achievement and Grade Inflation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martins, Pedro S.

    2010-01-01

    There is great interest in understanding the potential of teacher incentives to improve student achievement. In fact, teacher incentives, either individual or collective, may improve student achievement if they succeed in aligning the public or social goals with the goals of the teacher. However, an approach in which reward is based on outputs can…

  4. O-Level Grades and Teachers' Estimates as Predictors of the A-Level Results of UCCA Applicants.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murphy, R. J. L.

    1981-01-01

    This investigation studied the relationship between both GCE O-level examination grades and teachers' estimates of A-level examination grades, and actual A-level grades obtained by a sample of university applicants. Moderate levels of correlation were reported in both cases, although teachers' estimates appeared to be slightly better predictors.…

  5. SPECIAL ISSUE VETERINARY IMMUNOLOGY IMMUNOPATHOLOGY: PROCEEDINGS 8TH INTERNATIONAL VETERINARY IMMUNOLOGY SYMPOSIUM

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This is the Special Issue of Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. that summarizes the 8th International Veterinary Immunology Symposium (8 th IVIS) held August 15th-19th, 2007, in Ouro Preto, Brazil. The 8 th IVIS highlighted the importance of veterinary immunology for animal health, vaccinology, reproducti...

  6. Composition C-D [Grades 3 and 4]; Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oregon Univ., Eugene. Oregon Elementary English Project.

    This curriculum guide for the teaching of composition contains more than sixty lessons for use with third and fourth grade students. Each lesson contains a statement of purpose, a resume, a list of materials, and directions for teaching the lesson. The major sections for both third and fourth grade are: (1) "Let's Pretend with Things," (2) "Let's…

  7. Population Problems, Teacher's Guide. Environmental Education Unit, Twelfth Grade Sociology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Little Rock School District, AR.

    Human population growth and the implications of increasing population on the well-being of men and nations is examined in this twelfth grade curriculum guide which is part of a series for grades 4 through 12. The primary functions of the unit are to introduce the student to reasons for population growth, results of overextended populations, and…

  8. Value Added: Do New Teacher Evaluation Methods Make the Grade?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garrett, Kristi

    2011-01-01

    Measuring a teacher's effectiveness in quantifiable ways is a logical step in a society driven by the SMART goals (specific, measurable, attainable, relevant, and timely objectives) that pervade modern management. The idea of using student performance on standardized tests to judge a teacher's effectiveness picked up steam after the Obama…

  9. Get These Questions Right and Your Teachers Make the Grade.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellis, Nancy H.

    1989-01-01

    A properly structured job-enrichment program can help motivate classroom teachers and encourage them to remain in the classroom. Offers examples of programs for enhancing the professional lives of teachers and cites pitfalls to avoid in designing a program. (MLF)

  10. Passport: Technology To Help the Middle Grades Second Languages Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh.

    This guide, resulting from a four-site middle school study of the use of computers and related technology in second language instruction, is presented for the use by middle school language teachers. The guide includes lessons, coded to the state teacher handbook for second language instruction, and management hints, sample lesson plans, and other…

  11. The impact of teacher assigned but not graded compared to teacher assigned and graded chemistry homework on the formative and summative chemistry assessment scores of 11th-grade students with varying chemistry potential

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilson, Jennifer L.

    The study analyzed 2005 posttest data compared to 2008 posttest data to determine student end of school year academic achievement outcomes across three academic levels (above average, average, and below average chemistry potential) and two teacher homework evaluation methods (assigned but not graded and assigned and graded) on teacher prepared 11th-grade assessments, district prepared 11th-grade assessment, and district graduation requirement physical science strand 11th-grade science Essential Learner Outcome assessment. Overall, results indicated that students with above average (n = 16), average, (n = 17) and below average (n = 14) chemistry potential whom were given teacher assigned and graded chemistry homework compared to students with above average (n = 17), average (n = 15), and below average (n = 19) chemistry potential whom were given teacher assigned but not graded chemistry homework had statistically significantly higher independent t test matter homework scores while atoms, naming, and reactions homework scores were generally in the direction of higher but not significant scores for students given graded homework regardless of their chemistry potential. Furthermore, students of above average and below average chemistry potential who were given assigned and graded chemistry homework performed statistically significantly better on the 11th-grade district prepared chemistry final and the district prepared physical science strand Essential Learner Outcome assessment t test results compared to students with the same chemistry potential given assigned but not graded chemistry homework, suggesting that the graded chemistry condition may have contributed to improved long term learning and retention of chemistry knowledge. Finally, the coefficient of determination (r2 = .95) measure of strength of relationship between not completing, not graded chemistry homework and a corresponding drop in chemistry assessment scores for all students was 95% and the

  12. 8th International symposium on transport phenomena in combustion

    SciTech Connect

    1995-12-31

    The 8th International Symposium on Transport Phenomena in Combustion will be held in San Francisco, California, U.S.A., July 16-20, 1995, under the auspices of the Pacific Center of Thermal-Fluids Engineering. The purpose of the Symposium is to provide a forum for researchers and practitioners from around the world to present new developments and discuss the state of the art and future directions and priorities in the areas of transport phenomena in combustion. The Symposium is the eighth in a series; previous venues were Honolulu 1985, Tokyo 1987, Taipei 1988, Sydney 1991, Beijing 1992, Seoul 1993 and Acapulco 1994, with emphasis on various aspects of transport phenomena. The current Symposium theme is combustion. The Symposium has assembled a balanced program with topics ranging from fundamental research to contemporary applications of combustion theory. Invited keynote lecturers will provide extensive reviews of topics of great interest in combustion. Colloquia will stress recent advances and innovations in fire spread and suppression, and in low NO{sub x} burners, furnaces, boilers, internal combustion engines, and other practical combustion systems. Finally, numerous papers will contribute to the fundamental understanding of complex processes in combustion. This document contains abstracts of papers to be presented at the Symposium.

  13. A Phenomenology Study of First-Year Teachers Looking at the Shared Lived Experience of Learning to Grade

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yost, Brandon Lee

    2015-01-01

    This study describes the phenomenon of how first-year teachers learn to evaluate students learning by (letter) grades. Grades seem simple enough; but in reality, each grade carries serious consequences with it--for either good or bad. For example, grades affect benefits/consequences at home; they affect placement in remedial or advanced courses;…

  14. Depressive symptoms in third-grade teachers: relations to classroom quality and student achievement.

    PubMed

    McLean, Leigh; McDonald Connor, Carol

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated associations among third-grade teachers' (N = 27) symptoms of depression, quality of the classroom-learning environment (CLE), and students' (N = 523, Mage  = 8.6 years) math and literacy performance. teachers' depressive symptoms in the winter negatively predicted students' spring mathematics achievement. This depended on students' fall mathematics scores; students who began the year with weaker math skills and were in classrooms where teachers reported more depressive symptoms achieved smaller gains than did peers whose teachers reported fewer symptoms. teachers' depressive symptoms were negatively associated with quality of CLE, and quality of CLE mediated the association between depressive symptoms and student achievement. The findings point to the importance of teachers' mental health, with implications for policy and practice. PMID:25676719

  15. Teacher student relationship quality type in elementary grades: Effects on trajectories for achievement and engagement

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Jiun-yu; Hughes, Jan N.; Kwok, Oi-man

    2010-01-01

    Teacher, peer, and student reports of the quality of the teacher-student relationship were obtained for an ethnically diverse and academically at-risk sample of 706 second and third grade students. Cluster analysis identified four types of relationships based on the consistency of child reports of support and conflict in the relationship with reports of others: Congruent positive, Congruent Negative, Incongruent Child Negative and Incongruent Child Positive. The cluster solution evidenced good internal consistency and construct validity. Cluster membership predicted growth trajectories for teacher-rated engagement and standardized achievement scores over the following three years, above prior performance. The predictive associations between child reports of teacher support and conflict and outcomes depended on whether child reports were consistent or inconsistent with reports of others. Study findings have implications for theory development, assessment of teacher-student relationships, and teacher professional development. PMID:20728688

  16. Teachers' Concerns Regarding the Implementation of Integrated Thematic Instruction: A Study of Primary Grade Teachers in Kanisius Catholic Schools in Yogyakarta, Indonesia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rismiati, Catur

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore primary grade teachers' stages of concern and their implementation of an educational reform initiative called Integrated Thematic Instruction (ITI) in Indonesia. The Indonesian minister of education mandated primary grade teachers to implement ITI in 2006. Using a convenience sampling method, 150…

  17. The Emergence of Teacher Leaders through Professional Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thornton, Carol A.; Langrall, Cynthia W.; Jones, Graham A.; Swafford, Jane O.

    The PUMP Algebra Project was a systemic effort in a mid-size urban city focusing on professional development of middle school mathematics teachers, which had a long-term goal of enabling more minority students to be algebra-ready by the end of 8th grade. The development of teacher leaders was not a targeted focus of the Project; it was a major…

  18. Cultivating Critical Thinkers: Exploring Transfer of Learning from Pre-Service Teacher Training to Classroom Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Ya-Ting Carolyn

    2012-01-01

    This study explores the transfer of critical thinking skills and dispositions from pre-service teacher training to classroom practice and student achievement in the cases of two graduates from a course on critical thinking-integrated instruction. Two 7th and two 8th grade classes were randomly assigned as experimental (CT-integrated instruction),…

  19. Professional Learning for Math Teachers Is a Plus for Students. Lessons from Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Killion, Joellen

    2015-01-01

    Using 4th- and 8th-grade mathematics data from 2003, 2007, and 2011 Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) assessments, researchers conducted a cross-national empirical study to examine teacher participation in professional development and its impact on student achievement. Findings from the research show that, although 4th- and…

  20. Teacher and Pupil Characteristics in the Perception of the Creativity of Classroom Climate.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Furman, Anton

    1998-01-01

    Approximately 600 8th-grade pupils in 25 classrooms in Eastern Slovakia evaluated their math and Slovak language classes for creativity on the Origin-Pawn Questionnaire. Results were correlated with teacher observations by trained observers. Results are discussed in terms of classroom activity patterns and climate differences related to activity…

  1. Students' Ratings of Teacher Support and Academic and Social-Emotional Well-Being

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tennant, Jaclyn E.; Demaray, Michelle K.; Malecki, Christine K.; Terry, Melissa N.; Clary, Michael; Elzinga, Nathan

    2015-01-01

    Data on students' perceptions of teacher social support, academic functioning, and social-emotional functioning were collected from a sample of 796 7th and 8th grade middle school students using the Child and Adolescent Social Support Scale (CASSS; Malecki, Demaray, & Elliott, 2000), Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (ITBS) and school records, and…

  2. PREFACE: 8th European Conference on Applied Superconductivity (EUCAS'07)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hoste, Serge; Ausloos, Marcel

    2008-03-01

    This issue of Journal of Physics: Conference Series contains contributed papers presented at the 8th European Conference on Applied Superconductivity (EUCAS'07) that was held in Brussels, Belgium from 16-20 September 2007. The plenary and invited papers were published in the journal Superconductor Science and Technology. The scientific aims of EUCAS'07 followed the tradition established at the preceding conferences in Göttingen (Germany), Edinburgh (United Kingdom), Eindhoven (The Netherlands), Sitges (Spain), Lyngby (Denmark), Sorrento (Italy) and Vienna (Austria). The focus was placed on the interplay between the most recent developments in superconductor research and the positioning of applications of superconductivity in the marketplace. Although initially founded as an exchange forum mainly for European scientists, it has gradually developed into a truly international meeting with a very significant attendance from the Far East and the United States. Under the guidance of ESAS (the European Society for Applied Superconductivity) this Brussels conference was jointly organized by the University of Ghent and the University of Liege and attracted 795 participants to the scientific programme including a healthy number of 173 students. Participants from 46 countries included a considerable 30% attendance from the Far East and 7% from the United States and Canada. Thirty companies presented their latest developments in the field; 13 plenary and 28 invited lectures highlighted the state-of-the-art in the areas of materials, large-scale as well as small-scale applications were given. Based on a refereed evaluation of all the papers and posters submitted, 347 papers were selected for publication in the IOP electronic journal Journal of Physics: Conference Series and in Superconductor Science and Technology. EUCAS'07 spread a lot of optimism and enthusiasm for this fascinating field of research and for its well established technological potential, especially among the

  3. Organisms, Grade One. Teacher's Guide. Life Science for Guam.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shafer, Jeffrey E.

    This guide is a result of two years' piloting and revising the Science Curriculum Improvement Study (SCIS) program for the students of Guam. The life science portions of SCIS were chosen and adapted for the ecology of the area. Program flexibility is stressed and outdoor activities are encouraged. Used in grade one, the topic of organisms is…

  4. Adopt-A-Stream Teacher's Guide for Grades K-12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Georgia State Dept. of Natural Resources, Atlanta.

    This guide comprises materials largely drawn from existing environmental education materials. The four major subject areas discussed mirror the Adopt-A Stream activities and include watersheds, nonpoint source pollution, and biological and chemical monitoring of stream conditions. The activities in this guide are grouped according to grade levels.…

  5. ITRI Informational Text Reading Inventory: Grade 4 Teacher Guide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Indiana Department of Education, 2005

    2005-01-01

    The Informational Text Reading Inventory (ITRI) was created when the Center for Innovation in Assessment (CIA) observed that students in grade four experience a significant drop in performance in all of their subject areas. CIA researched solutions and identified the critical issue as the students' struggle to apply the reading skills they have…

  6. A Resource Bulletin for Teachers of English, Grade Eleven.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baltimore County Public Schools, Towson, MD.

    Beginning with a look at contemporary American materials (both literary and non-literary), this 11th-grade curriculum guide proceeds with a chronological, thematic approach to American literature, focusing on such units as "The First Frontier--Establishment of the American Dream,""The American Dream on Trial,""The Dream and Reality," and "Toward…

  7. Environmental Education for Intermediate Grades: A Teacher's Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michigan State Dept. of Natural Resources, Lansing.

    Teaching suggestions for environmental education in intermediate grades are grouped under four general headings: "Geology,""Soil Conservation and Land Use,""Trees, Woodlots, and Forests," and "Wild-life and Fishes." Listed under each heading are attitudes and understandings to develop, topics for discussion, and many suggested activities.…

  8. Environmental Education for Junior High Grades: A Teacher's Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michigan State Dept. of Natural Resources, Lansing.

    Teaching suggestions for environmental education in junior high school grades are grouped under five general headings: "Geology,""Water Resources,""Soil and Land Use,""Trees, Woodlots, and Forests," and "Wild-life and Fishes." Listed under each heading are attitudes and understandings to develop, topics for discussion, and many suggested…

  9. Communities Around the World. Teacher's Guide to Grade Three.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Project Social Studies Curriculum Center.

    In this third grade teaching guide emphasis is placed on community study, providing data for generalizations about cultural diversity. Affective objectives foster curiosity and respect for cultural contributions and differences. Inquiry, critical thinking, geographic and sequential development of skills are stressed. Four resource units that focus…

  10. My Dear Teacher, Grades 2-4. Developmental Writing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cortland-Madison Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Cortland, NY.

    More than 100 individual and group activities, learning center ideas, and bulletin board suggestions are offered in this handbook for developing the writing skills of second, third, and fourth grade students. An analysis chart is provided as a diagnostic tool for determining the writing strengths and weaknesses of students. The activities are…

  11. Survey of K-3rd-Grade Teachers' Knowledge of Ear Infections and Willingness to Participate in Prevention Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Danhauer, Jeffrey L.; Johnson, Carole E.; Caudle, Abby T.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: Ear infections are prevalent in kindergarten through 3rd-grade (K-3rd) children and can affect their performance at school. Chewing gum, when administered by parents and teachers, can help prevent ear infections in children. This pilot study surveyed K-3rd-grade teachers in the Santa Barbara School Districts to assess their knowledge…

  12. Increasing Teacher Awareness of the Importance of Self-Esteem in Primary Grade Children through Training Sessions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Priest, Delma L.

    Implemented in an elementary school with a majority of Hispanicc students in a low-income community of a large midwest city, this practicum aimed to aid primary grade teachers understand the importance of self-esteem in the development of primary grade students. Practicum goals were to: (1) provide teachers with information about self-esteem to…

  13. "The Middle Found Me." Using a Life Story Approach to Guide the Career Paths of Future Middle Grades Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Irvine, Colin

    2013-01-01

    This article examines the use of narrative identity analysis of the life-story theory approach to guide the career paths of middle grades teachers. It presents the views of middle grades teachers and education students on the integral role of narrative and on the impact of life-story approach in their careers and their identities. It explores how…

  14. Great Explorations in Mathematics: Grades 5-8. Teacher's Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dyches, Richard W.; And Others

    This volume is a teacher's edition in a series of books that contain open-ended exploration activities and experiments. These activities allow and encourage students to set their own goals, use their own creativity and ideas, investigate the wonders of nature, learn about the workings of real businesses, and draw conclusions from their…

  15. Aztec Ruins National Monument. Teacher's Guide, Grades 4-7.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nichols, Theresa, Comp.

    This teacher's guide is for educators in classrooms, outdoor education, youth groups, scouting, and after-school programs to teach about the Aztec Ruins National Monument (New Mexico). The teaching materials in the guide support the New Mexico educational standards in science, social studies, language arts, mathematics, and art. Since the guide's…

  16. Airmail to Airlines. A Teacher's Guide. Grades 3-5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engelke, Lynn-Steven

    This guide helps teachers and students gain knowledge about the "Air Transportation" gallery at the National Air and Space Museum (Washington, DC). The guide is divided into six sections: (1) "The 'Air Transportation' Gallery"; (2) "How to Use This Guide"; (3) "Activity 1: Take Off: An Air Travel Matching Guide"; (4) "Activity 2: Design Your Own…

  17. Great Explorations in Mathematics: Grades K-4. Teacher's Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dyches, Richard W.; And Others

    This volume is a teacher's edition in a series of books that contain open-ended exploration activities and experiments. These activities allow and encourage students to set their own goals, use their own creativity and ideas, investigate the wonders of nature, learn about the workings of real businesses, and draw conclusions from their…

  18. SEVENTH GRADE MATHEMATICS FOR THE ACADEMICALLY TALENTED, TEACHERS' GUIDE.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    HORN, R.A.

    MATERIALS FOR BOTH ENRICHED AND ACCELERATED MATHEMATICS COURSES ARE GIVEN. THE PRESENTATION OF THE MATERIALS IS INTENDED FOR EASY ADAPTATION OF MODIFICATION TO MEET THE NEEDS OF MOST MATHEMATICS CLASSES. SUGGESTIONS AND SUPPLEMENTARY REFERENCES IN EACH UNIT ARE OFFERED AS AIDS TO THE MATHEMATICS TEACHER IN REGULAR OR ACCELERATED CLASS. UNITS…

  19. The Effect of Teacher-Support Programs on Teacher Attrition in a Rural Pre-Kindergarten through Twelfth Grade Public School System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Carol R.

    2013-01-01

    Many new teachers are leaving the profession during their first 3 years in a rural pre-kindergarten through 12th grade public school classroom in the southeastern United States. This study reviewed the teacher-support programs typically used in this school that assisted new teachers and encouraged their retention. This work is important because…

  20. Teacher-Student Relationship and Peer Disliking and Liking across Grades 1-4

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughes, Jan N.; Im, Myung H.

    2016-01-01

    Between-child and within-child effects of teacher-student warmth and conflict on children's peer-nominated disliking and liking across Grades 1-4 (ages 6-10) were investigated in a sample of 746 ethnically diverse and academically at-risk children in Texas. Multilevel modeling controlled for time-invariant between-child differences while modeling…

  1. What On Earth? Teacher's Guide. An Instructional Television Series for Eighth-Grade Earth Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beyer, Fred L.

    This publication is intended to serve as a teacher's guide for the instructional television series entitled "What On Earth?" The program, a one-year course for eighth-grade students, is composed of units on the earth as a body in space, meteorology, oceanography, and geology. Each topic is covered through a series of television programs. In the…

  2. Commercial Airlines and Airports; Careers in Transportation. Grades 3 and 4. Teachers Resource Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Aviation Administration (DOT), Washington, DC.

    The resource guide for grades three and four presents in outline form a unit on airplanes and airports which contains a broad range of ideas for classroom activities and suggested materials from which teachers may choose. The unit's nine sections are: goals, objectives, and concepts; subject matter; occupational information; suggested motivation…

  3. AquaSMART: Water & Boating Safety, Grades 3-5. Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas State Dept. of Parks and Wildlife, Austin.

    This teacher's guide accompanies a program designed to teach water and boating safety to students in grades 3-5. The written curriculum accompanies a video, AquaSMART 3-5. The theme of the curriculum is AquaSMART. To become AquaSMART, students must learn 10 basic lessons for water and boating safety. The written curriculum begins with an overview…

  4. Sixth-Grade Teachers' Written Comments on Student Writing: Genre and Gender Influences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Shelley Stagg; Kennedy, Kerrie

    2006-01-01

    This article examines the influence of genre and gender on comments written by 108 sixth-grade teachers in response to two narrative and two persuasive papers. There were significant genre differences. Process, conventions, artistic style, and format were the focus of significantly greater numbers of comments directed to narrative writing. In…

  5. Two Fifth Grade Teachers' Use of Real-World Situations in Science and Mathematics Lessons

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yanik, H. Bahadir; Serin, Gokhan

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the types, sources, and cognitive levels of tasks that included real-life situations used in science and mathematics lessons in the classrooms of two 5th-grade teachers at an urban elementary school in Turkey. A qualitative approach was used to analyze data that included classroom observations, teacher…

  6. Early Literacy Research: Findings Primary-Grade Teachers Will Want to Know

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reutzel, D. Ray

    2015-01-01

    This article shares recent research findings in early literacy that every primary grade teacher has had questions about at one time or another ranging from handwriting to phonemic awareness, writing to concepts about print, and more. The article reports research that elaborates upon and extends early literacy research that was reported by the…

  7. Acceptability of Adaptations for Struggling Writers: A National Survey with Primary-Grade Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graham, Steve; Harris, Karen R.; Bartlett, Brendan J.; Popadopoulou, Eleni; Santoro, Julia

    2016-01-01

    One hundred twenty-five primary-grade teachers randomly selected from across the United States indicated how frequently they made 20 instructional adaptations for the struggling writers in their classroom. The measure of frequency ranged from never, several times a year, monthly, weekly, several times a week, and daily. Using a 6-point Likert-type…

  8. The Columbia River: Its Future and You. Teacher's Manual for Grades 5-8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frost, Marcia

    Designed as a part of a multidisciplinary set of curricula and educational materials on the Columbia River, this teacher's guide focuses on the many uses of the river and the conflicts arising from those uses. This unit's major purpose is to help students in grades 5-8 to start thinking about how the resources of the Columbia River should be…

  9. A Consequence of School Grade Labels: Preservice Teachers' Interpretations and Recall of Children's Classroom Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ladd, Judith A.; Linderholm, Tracy

    2008-01-01

    This study investigated whether preservice teachers' attitudes surrounding school grade labels influenced interpretations and recall of children's classroom behavior using the automatic attitude activation model (Fazio, In R. M. Sorrentino & E. T. Higgins (Eds.), "Handbook of motivation and cognition: Foundations of social behavior," 1986) as a…

  10. ENERGY, A SCIENCE UNIT FOR THE UPPER ELEMENTARY GRADES, TEACHER'S GUIDE.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DAVIS, JOSEPH; AND OTHERS

    PREPARED UNDER THE SPONSORSHIP OF THE SCIENCE CURRICULUM IMPROVEMENT STUDY, THIS TRIAL EDITION OF A TEACHER'S GUIDE FOR A UNIT ON ENERGY IS INTENDED FOR USE AT THE FIFTH AND SIXTH GRADE LEVELS. THE UNIT IS DESIGNED ESSENTIALLY AROUND PUPIL-CENTERED ACTIVITIES WHICH REQUIRE BOTH QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE OBSERVATIONS. THE ACTIVITIES IN PART I OF…

  11. An Alternative Path to Becoming a Successful Middle Grades Math and Science Teacher

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jeanpierre, Bobby; Lewis, Nancy

    2007-01-01

    In 2003, the University of Central Florida began a Transition to Mathematics and Science Teaching (T-MAST) program, a one-year, fast-track program that prepares and certifies bachelor's degree holders who will work as teachers in a job-sharing paid internship, while completing a Master of Arts degree in middle grades (5-9) mathematics education or…

  12. Water: How Good is Good Enough? Teacher's Guide. Science Module (9th-10th Grade Chemistry).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Georgia Univ., Athens. Coll. of Education.

    This is a teacher's guide for a module designed to integrate environmental education into ninth- and tenth-grade chemistry classes. The module, pilot tested in Gwinnett County, Georgia in classes of students, many of whom had learning disabilities, emphasizes activity learning and considerable review. The module is divided into four parts. Part…

  13. Career Education Program, 1980-81, Columbia County School System. Teacher Guide, Grades K-7. [Revised].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Central Savannah River Area Cooperative Educational Services Agency, Thomson, GA.

    This guide contains a variety of materials to help teachers for grades K-7 (specifically those in the Columbia County School System, Georgia) infuse career education into their classrooms. Contents include both school system-specific and general information: (1) brief discussion of career education; (2) listing of nine student outcome objectives;…

  14. Roar into Reading: A Guide for First Grade Teachers from "Between the Lions[TM]."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    "Between the Lions" is an award-winning PBS television series based on a comprehensive literacy curriculum that combines phonics and whole language. This guide has been created to help first grade teachers use "Between the Lions" in their classrooms to enhance their reading lessons. The guide is filled with engaging activities, classroom literacy…

  15. Teacher Implementation of Guided Reading and the Effect on Students in Grades 3-5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huber, Melissa S.

    2011-01-01

    This mixed methods study explored implementing guided reading in grades 3-5 in a suburban school district located in Southeastern Pennsylvania. The purpose of this study was to evaluate how teachers implement guided reading in their classrooms and how the use of guided reading affects student achievement in Text Structure and Vocabulary, Reading…

  16. Shyness, Teacher-Child Relationships, and Socio-Emotional Adjustment in Grade 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arbeau, Kimberley A.; Coplan, Robert J.; Weeks, Murray

    2010-01-01

    The goal of the present study was to explore the moderating role of teacher-child relationships in the relation between shyness and socio-emotional adjustment in early elementary school. Participants were n = 169 grade 1 children (M[subscript age] = 76.93 mos, SD = 3.86). Shortly after the start of the school year (September), parents completed an…

  17. Diagnostic Care: Grade 9. Technology Learning Activity. Teacher Edition. Level 2. Technology Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oklahoma State Dept. of Vocational and Technical Education, Stillwater. Curriculum and Instructional Materials Center.

    This Technology Learning Activity (TLA) on exploring diagnostic care careers for Grade 9 is designed for use in eight class periods. It gives students experience in using standard health care equipment to perform basic diagnostic procedures. This teacher's edition begins with an overview of technology education. The second section describes…

  18. Self-Concept of Science Ability Held by Eighth Grade Females: Science Teachers as Significant Others.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fish, Virginia Kemp

    This is part of a longitudinal investigation of the academic and career development of an eighth-grade class through to their third year after high school, conducted by the Grand Rapids, Michigan Public Schools/Western Michigan University - Center for Educational Studies. The study examined the relationship between science teachers' evaluations of…

  19. Algebraic Reasoning: Professor Arbegla Introduces Variables and Functions. GEMS Teacher's Guide for Grades 3-5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kopp, Jaine; Bergman, Lincoln

    This teacher guide helps build a solid foundation in algebra for students in grades 3-5 in which students gain essential understanding of properties of numbers, variables, functions, equations, and formulas. Throughout the problem solving activities, students use computational skills and gain a deeper understanding of the number system. Students…

  20. Teacher-Perceived Temperament and Educational Competence as Predictors of School Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mullola, Sari; Ravaja, Niklas; Lipsanen, Jari; Hirstio-Snellman, Paula; Alatupa, Saija; Keltikangas-Jarvinen, Liisa

    2010-01-01

    Associations between teacher-perceived temperament, educational competence (EC), and school grades in mother language (ML) and mathematics (Math) were assessed in 3212 students (1619 girls) in Secondary School (aged 13-19) taken from a nationally representative Finnish sample. Temperament was assessed with scales from the TABC-R and DOTS-R…

  1. Celebrating the Fourth: Ideas and Inspiration for Teachers of Grade Four.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Servis, Joan

    Noting that enthusiasm for teaching has everything to do with attitude and a willingness to change and collaborate, this book discusses how an experienced teacher approaches teaching fourth-grade students in a school in Shaker Heights, Ohio. Topics covered include setting up the classroom, organizing for teaching, individualizing instruction,…

  2. Teacher Practices and Hybrid Space in a Fifth-Grade Mathematics Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cribbs, Jennifer D.; Linder, Sandra M.

    2013-01-01

    Providing students with a classroom environment that allows for meaningful learning experiences is important for students to develop deep and long lasting understanding about mathematics. This article adds to the literature on learning environments in mathematics by presenting a case study of one fifth-grade mathematics teacher and her classroom…

  3. Inservice Training in Special Education for Classroom Teachers - Kindergarten through Grade 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howze, Wendell M.

    A core group of pre-kindergarten through fourth-grade teachers and staff at a private day school were given in-service training to meet the special education needs of students. Training aimed to prepare personnel to identify students with mild handicaps, refer more severely handicapped students for diagnosis, and teach students with special…

  4. The Effects of a Teacher-Guided Library Selection Program on Fourth-Grade Reading Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weber, Sherri M.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this mixed methods study was to examine the impact that a teacher-guided library selection program had on overall reading scores and how this program may or may not promote reading improvement of fourth-grade students at a small suburban school in western New York. Forty fourth graders were used as the sample population, which was…

  5. Toolkit for Professional Developers: Training Targets 3?6 Grade Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMunn, Nancy; Dunnivant, Michael; Williamson, Jan; Reagan, Hope

    2004-01-01

    The professional development CAR Toolkit is focused on the assessment of reading process at the text level, rather than at the word level. Most students in grades 3-6 generally need support in comprehending text, not just decoding words. While the assessment of reading methods in the CAR Toolkit will help teachers pinpoint difficulties at the word…

  6. Focus on Nutrition: A Teacher's Handbook for Nutrition Education, Grades Kindergarten Through Six.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massachusetts Dept. of Education, Boston. Bureau of Nutrition Education and School Food Services.

    This handbook is an inservice training manual and reference source for elementary school teachers who do not have a strong background in nutrition. It is also a curriculum guide with a suggested course of study for integrating nutrition education in grades kindergarten through six with other areas of study such as English, mathematics, and social…

  7. Psychometric Data for Teacher Judgments Regarding the Learning Behaviors of Primary Grade Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crosby, Edward G.; French, Joseph L.

    2002-01-01

    Study analyzed the psychometric properties of the Classroom Performance Profile (CPP), a teacher rating scale, using economically-disadvantaged students as they progressed from kindergarten to third grade. Results suggest that the CPP ratings were positively correlated with measures of academic achievement, academic competence, and social skills,…

  8. National Survey of Internet Usage: Teachers, Computer Coordinators, and School Librarians, Grades 3-12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Market Data Retrieval, Inc., Shelton, CT.

    A study was conducted to assess the number and type of schools and educators who use the Internet/World Wide Web. The national survey was conducted in November and December of 1996, and included 6,000 teachers, computer coordinators, and school librarians currently working in grades 3-5, 6-8, and 9-12. At the elementary level, classroom teachers…

  9. The White House: 200th Anniversary. Save Our History[TM]. Teacher's Manual, Grades K-12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maxwell, Louise P.; O'Connell, Libby Haight; Rosenberg, Jessica; Troster, Sara Kahn

    The 200th Anniversary of the White House provides a creative spring board for studying history through a variety of disciplines. Art, music, geography, literature, and language arts curriculum requirements can be integrated into different eras of White House history. For each grade level, this teacher's manual includes readings, discussion…

  10. The Benefits of Departmentalization in Upper Elementary Grades for Students and Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Malissa Lee

    2013-01-01

    This study addressed the benefits of departmentalization in upper elementary grades for students and teachers. The variables of gender and classroom structure (departmentalized versus self-contained) were considered for student participants (n = 125). Results for students were evaluated on pre-test and post-test data using the following measures:…

  11. Stimulating Creative Writing Through Literature: A Guide for Teachers of the Intermediate Grades.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pilon, Alice Barbara Cummings

    A structured writing program for the intermediate grades was designed, utilizing such children's literature as poems, legends, fairy tales, tall tales, and books to stimulate elementary school children to write creatively. Chapters in the teacher's guide for the program present many specific suggestions and activities to help children (1) use…

  12. Teacher Effects on Student Achievement in First Grade: Which Aspects Matter Most?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boonen, Tinneke; Van Damme, Jan; Onghena, Patrick

    2014-01-01

    The present study investigates the effects of teachers (background qualifications, attitudes and beliefs, and instructional practices) on student achievement in mathematics, reading, and spelling in 1st grade. Its theoretical framework and methodology are based on recent work by Palardy and Rumberger (2008). Data from the SiBO Project, a…

  13. Assessing Literacy with the Learning Record: A Handbook for Teachers, Grades 6-12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barr, Mary A.; Syverson, Margaret A.

    The Learning Record is a framework teachers can use to translate their observations of students into a disciplined, systematic, standards-based reporting process. This guide offers all the information necessary to use the Learning Record in the upper grades. The chapters are: (1) "Documenting Prior Experience"; (2) "Documenting Student Learning";…

  14. Computer Literacy for the Middle Grades. A Teacher's Guide. Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abington School District, PA.

    This guide was planned for a program to acquaint seventh and eighth grade students with the importance of the computer in society and to ensure uniformity of instructional objectives among teachers assigned to teach a beginning-level course in computer literacy. It includes the history of the computer, operating and controlling the computer,…

  15. SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math, Unit 10, Grade 3, Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.

    Unit 10 of a Spanish science/math curriculum for grade three, composed of kits 37-40, has as its theme "communities around the world". The unit's teacher's guide contains both learning and assessment activities, with the focus, objective, and materials needed for each activity listed. Specific attention is placed on four spiraling questions…

  16. Predicting Teacher Performance with Test Scores and Grade Point Average: A Meta-Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    D'Agostino, Jerome V.; Powers, Sonya J.

    2009-01-01

    A meta-analysis was conducted to examine the degree to which teachers' test scores and their performance in preparation programs as measured by their collegiate grade point average (GPA) predicted their teaching competence. Results from 123 studies that yielded 715 effect sizes were analyzed, and the mediating effects of test and GPA type,…

  17. Outdoor Human Relations Program, 1979-80: Sixth Grade [And] Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    FitzSimmons, Michael

    Environmental education and interpersonal skills are stressed in this guide for an outdoor education program that features day trips to a rural camp in Ohio. Written for grade six, the guide contains a student handbook for camp activities followed by a brief section for teachers. The student handbook begins with the program goals, a map of the…

  18. Seismic Sleuths. Earthquakes: A Teacher's Package for Grades 7-12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC.

    This teacher package for grades 7-12 takes a broad approach in preparing students for earthquakes. "Hands-on/minds-on", inquiry-driven activities are balanced by library research and visits with disaster planning officials. Emphasis is placed on cooperative learning and the constructivist approach to teaching. Students not only study the causes of…

  19. An Introduction to Mathematics of Grades K to 2. Teacher's Manual and Answer Key.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haag, Vincent H.; Hammond, Robert P.

    This manual is designed for use in inservice work with teachers preparing to use the Comprehensive School Mathematics Program (CSMP) in grades K-2, and as a resource guide for later use. In it, the nonstandard topics used in the CSMP primary program are developed through discussion and a variety of exercises. These topics include the minicomputer…

  20. PREFACE: 8th Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Waves

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marka, Zsuzsa; Marka, Szabolcs

    2010-04-01

    (The attached PDF contains select pictures from the Amaldi8 Conference) At Amaldi7 in Sydney in 2007 the Gravitational Wave International Committee (GWIC), which oversees the Amaldi meetings, decided to hold the 8th Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Waves at Columbia University in the City of New York. With this decision, Amaldi returned to North America after a decade. The previous two years have seen many advances in the field of gravitational wave detection. By the summer of 2009 the km-scale ground based interferometric detectors in the US and Europe were preparing for a second long-term scientific run as a worldwide detector network. The advanced or second generation detectors had well-developed plans and were ready for the production phase or started construction. The European-American space mission, LISA Pathfinder, was progressing towards deployment in the foreseeable future and it is expected to pave the ground towards gravitational wave detection in the milliHertz regime with LISA. Plans were developed for an additional gravitational wave detector in Australia and in Japan (in this case underground) to extend the worldwide network of detectors for the advanced detector era. Japanese colleagues also presented plans for a space mission, DECIGO, that would bridge the gap between the LISA and ground-based interferometer frequency range. Compared to previous Amaldi meetings, Amaldi8 had new elements representing emerging trends in the field. For example, with the inclusion of pulsar timing collaborations to the GWIC, gravitational wave detection using pulsar timing arrays was recognized as one of the prominent directions in the field and was represented at Amaldi8 as a separate session. By 2009, searches for gravitational waves based on external triggers received from electromagnetic observations were already producing significant scientific results and plans existed for pointing telescopes by utilizing gravitational wave trigger events. Such

  1. Using First-Grade Teacher Ratings to Predict Third-Grade English Language Arts and Mathematics Achievement on a High-Stakes Statewide Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gallant, Dorinda J.

    2013-01-01

    Early childhood professional organizations support teachers as the best assessors of students' academic, social, emotional, and physical development. This study investigates the predictive nature of teacher ratings of first-grade students' performance on a standards-based curriculum-embedded performance assessment within the context of a state…

  2. The Effect of Improved School Climate over Time on Fifth-Grade Students' Achievement Assessment Scores and Teacher Administered Grade Scores

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marten, Dawn M.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of improved school climate, as teachers' beliefs changed from negative to positive over time, on students' reading, math, and writing assessment scores and teacher administered grade scores in reading, math, and writing. Overall, findings indicate that lose, maintain, or improve…

  3. Teacher Implementation of Reform-Based Mathematics and Implications for Algebra Readiness: A Qualitative Study of 4th Grade Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sher, Stephen Korb

    2011-01-01

    This study looked at 4th grade classrooms to see "how" teachers implement NCTM standards-based or reform-based mathematics instruction and then analyzed it for the capacity to improve students' "algebra readiness." The qualitative study was based on classroom observations, teacher and administrator interviews, and teacher surveys. The study took…

  4. Assessment of 6th Grade Elementary School Students, Their Parents' and Branch Teachers' Perspective on Physical Education Classes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyraz, Sirin; Ozbar, Nurper; Yetgin, Meral Kucuk; Koksalan, Burke

    2015-01-01

    A total of 437 volunteers including 54 teachers, 218 6th grade students and 102 parents from Beykoz Elementary Schools participated in this study to understand the perspectives of students, families and teachers on Physical Education classes. The perspectives of students, families and teachers of other branches are identified by survey method.…

  5. Teacher-Student Agreement on "Bullies and Kids They Pick On" in Elementary School Classrooms: Gender and Grade Differences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahn, Hai-Jeong; Rodkin, Philip C.; Gest, Scott

    2013-01-01

    This article examined teacher-student agreement on the measure: "bullies and kids they pick on" in 38 (15 first, 12 third, and 11 fifth grade) elementary school classrooms. Overall agreement between teachers and students was low, 7.9%. The frequency of bully-victim dyads reported by teachers and victim prominence were positive…

  6. Pre-Service Teachers' Knowledge for Teaching Algebra for Equity in the Middle Grades: A Preliminary Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Irving A.; Davis, Trina J.; Kulm, Gerald

    2011-01-01

    This article presents our plans and initial work to explore how mathematics teacher education programs can prepare teachers for diverse middle grades classrooms. It describes the start-up of a five-year National Science Foundation project to design, develop, and test technology-enriched teacher preparation strategies to address equity in algebra…

  7. Teacher stories of blame when assigning a failing grade.

    PubMed

    Poorman, Susan G; Mastorovich, Melissa L

    2014-01-01

    Nurse educators are required to routinely evaluate students. While there is a plethora of information in the educational literature about how to write exams, develop rubrics, or evaluate clinical performance, there is a paucity of research related to teachers' experiences of evaluation. Using a Heideggerian hermeneutical approach, this study sought to answer: (1) what are the experiences of nurse educators evaluating nursing students? and (2) what do these evaluative experiences mean to the nurse educator? Thirty nurse educators from 19 undergraduate programs were interviewed for this study. Implications for nurse educators are discussed. PMID:24736867

  8. The Role of Content in Inquiry-Based Elementary Science Lessons: An Analysis of Teacher Beliefs and Enactment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Furtak, Erin Marie; Alonzo, Alicia C.

    2010-01-01

    The Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) Video Study explored instructional practices in the United States (US) in comparison with other countries that ranked higher on the 1999 TIMSS assessment, and revealed that 8th grade science teachers in the US emphasize activities over content during lessons (Roth et al. "2006").…

  9. Teachers' Views about Science and Technology Lesson Effects on the Development of Students' Entrepreneurship Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bacanak, Ahmet

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the views of science and technology teachers about the effects of 6th, 7th and 8th grade science and technology courses on students' entrepreneurship skills. In the study, phenomenographic method was used and data were collected through a semi-structured interview method with 8 questions. 5 science…

  10. Investigating Variation in Teaching with Technology-Rich Intervention: What Matters in Teaching and Teacher Training at Scale?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunn, Margaret Breslin

    2009-01-01

    A main question this dissertation addresses is: what variation in teaching and teacher training matter? This question is examined within a specific but important context: the scale-up of a technology-rich intervention focused on the algebra strand of 8th grade mathematics. I conducted a multi-level case study by gathering and analyzing data at…

  11. PREFACE: 8th Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Waves

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marka, Zsuzsa; Marka, Szabolcs

    2010-04-01

    (The attached PDF contains select pictures from the Amaldi8 Conference) At Amaldi7 in Sydney in 2007 the Gravitational Wave International Committee (GWIC), which oversees the Amaldi meetings, decided to hold the 8th Edoardo Amaldi Conference on Gravitational Waves at Columbia University in the City of New York. With this decision, Amaldi returned to North America after a decade. The previous two years have seen many advances in the field of gravitational wave detection. By the summer of 2009 the km-scale ground based interferometric detectors in the US and Europe were preparing for a second long-term scientific run as a worldwide detector network. The advanced or second generation detectors had well-developed plans and were ready for the production phase or started construction. The European-American space mission, LISA Pathfinder, was progressing towards deployment in the foreseeable future and it is expected to pave the ground towards gravitational wave detection in the milliHertz regime with LISA. Plans were developed for an additional gravitational wave detector in Australia and in Japan (in this case underground) to extend the worldwide network of detectors for the advanced detector era. Japanese colleagues also presented plans for a space mission, DECIGO, that would bridge the gap between the LISA and ground-based interferometer frequency range. Compared to previous Amaldi meetings, Amaldi8 had new elements representing emerging trends in the field. For example, with the inclusion of pulsar timing collaborations to the GWIC, gravitational wave detection using pulsar timing arrays was recognized as one of the prominent directions in the field and was represented at Amaldi8 as a separate session. By 2009, searches for gravitational waves based on external triggers received from electromagnetic observations were already producing significant scientific results and plans existed for pointing telescopes by utilizing gravitational wave trigger events. Such

  12. 1. 8th Street (east) facade and partial view of south ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. 8th Street (east) facade and partial view of south side. To the rear is the PMI Parking Garage and to the north is Lansburgh's Warehouse (410 8th Street,partial view). - 408 Eighth Street (Commercial Building), Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  13. Evaluation of the Citizenship Consciousness of the 8th Year Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tonga, Deniz; Keles, Hamza

    2014-01-01

    The prime purpose of this study is to elucidate the awareness level of citizenship of 8th year students. That was why the answer of the question "what is the level of citizenship consciousness of the 8th year students" was sought. The study was designed according to the descriptive survey method with the use of a scale with 7 open ended…

  14. Predicting adolescent problematic online game use from teacher autonomy support, basic psychological needs satisfaction, and school engagement: a 2-year longitudinal study.

    PubMed

    Yu, Chengfu; Li, Xian; Zhang, Wei

    2015-04-01

    Problematic online game use (POGU) has become a serious global public health concern among adolescents. However, its influencing factors and mediating mechanisms remain largely unknown. This study provides the first longitudinal design to test stage-environment fit theory empirically in POGU. A total of 356 Chinese students reported on teacher autonomy support, basic psychological needs satisfaction, school engagement, and POGU in the autumn of their 7th-9th grade years. Path analyses supported the proposed pathway: 7th grade teacher autonomy support increased 8th grade basic psychological needs satisfaction, which in turn increased 9th grade school engagement, which ultimately decreased 9th grade POGU. Furthermore, 7th grade teacher autonomy support directly increased 9th grade school engagement, which in turn decreased 9th grade POGU. These findings suggest that teacher autonomy support is an important protective predictor of adolescent POGU, and basic psychological needs satisfaction and school engagement are the primary mediators in this association. PMID:25803769

  15. The Amazing Molecule Race: A WebQuest for 8th Grade Science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Soehl, Diana; Moats, S. J.; Langston, G. I.

    2009-01-01

    Did you ever wonder if life exists beyond Earth? The molecules that helped make up you and your friends are the same floating in outer space! The Race is ON to discover as many molecules in space as possible and to find the most important molecules for life: amino acids, DNA and RNA! As aspiring astronomers and astrobiologists, you will explore how these molecules are detected on Earth and in space. The `Search for Life’ is a pretty big task considering the size of the Universe. By learning how to find evidence of life forming molecules you will be able to provide conclusions that will shape policy regarding space missions, funding and technology development during your lifetime.

  16. Why Singaporean 8th Grade Students Gain Highest Mathematics Ranking in TIMSS (1999-2011)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lessani, Abdolreza; Yunus, Aida Suraya Md; Tarmiz, Rohani Ahmad; Mahmud, Rosnaini

    2014-01-01

    The international comparison of students' mathematics knowledge and competencies is an effective method of evaluating students' mathematics performance and developing policies to improve their achievements in mathematics. Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) are among the most well-recognized international comparisons that…

  17. Improving 8th Grades Spatial Thinking Abilities through a 3D Modeling Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toptas, Veli; Celik, Serkan; Karaca, E. Tugce

    2012-01-01

    Implementation of emerging technology in sub disciplines of mathematics education provides a potential for educators to elaborate the capacity of digitized learning for human being. Spatial thinking is considered as a factor of scientific deduction from a multi disciplinary point of view. This paper reports a study aimed at exploring the effect of…

  18. Friendly and Hostility Perception of 8th Grade Students about Countries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaya, Beytullah

    2015-01-01

    The course contents taught in social sciences, revolution history and Kemalism at different stages of primary schools in Turkey form in learners political, social and economical behavioural patterm towards their neighbouring countries. The students try to form friendly or hostile behaviour against other countries. The study aims to determine what…

  19. The 8th and 9th Grades Students' Attitude towards Teaching and Learning Physics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stefan, Monica; Ciomos, Florentina

    2010-01-01

    The students' interest and attitude towards Physics have been the object of international testing, the most recent of which is the PISA testing from 2006. The students' attitude towards sciences is considered to be a significant predictor of their school results in science, respectively of pursuing a career in areas related to Science. The present…

  20. Mississippi Curriculum Framework for Computer Discovery (8th Grade). CIP: 00.0252.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mississippi Research and Curriculum Unit for Vocational and Technical Education, State College.

    This document, which is intended for technology educators in Mississippi, outlines a modular instruction approach that allows eighth graders to experience various workplace technologies within four career cluster areas: agriculture/natural resources technology, business/marketing technology, health/human services technology, and…

  1. BMI change, fitness change and cardiometabolic risk factors among 8th grade youth

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This paper examined whether a two-year change in fitness, body mass index (BMI) or the additive effect of change in fitness and BMI were associated with change in cardiometabolic risk factors among youth. Cardiometabolic risk factors, BMI group (normal weight, overweight or obese) were obtained from...

  2. Probeware in 8th Grade Science: A Quasi-Experimental Study on Attitude and Achievement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moyer, John F., III

    The use of probeware in the delivery of science instruction has become quite widespread over the past few decades. The current emphasis on Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education, especially in the case of underrepresented populations, seems to have accelerated the inclusion of probeware into curriculum. This quasi-experimental study sought to examine the effects of a direct replacement of traditional science tools with computer-based probeware on student achievement and student attitude toward science. Data analysis was conducted for large comparison groups and then for target STEM groups of African-American, low socioeconomic status, and female. Student achievement was measured by the Energy Concept Inventory and student attitude was measured by the Attitude Toward Science Inventory. The results showed that probeware did not have a significant effect on student achievement for almost all comparison groups. Analysis of student attitude toward science revealed that the use of probeware significantly affected overall student attitude as well as student attitude in several disaggregated subscales of attitude. These findings hold for both the comparison groups and the target STEM groups. Limitations of the study and suggestions for future research are presented.

  3. Evidence-Based Practice Guideline: Increasing Physical Activity in Schools--Kindergarten through 8th Grade

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bagby, Karen; Adams, Susan

    2007-01-01

    Because of the growing obesity epidemic across all age groups in the United States, interventions to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviors have become a priority. Evidence is growing that interventions to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviors have positive results and are generally inexpensive to implement.…

  4. A Study of the 8th Grade Technology Literacy of a Michigan Charter School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spruill, James E.

    2014-01-01

    As states adopt the common core state standards and next generation assessments for the 2014-2015 school year, the importance of students' technology literacy will increase Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium. The next generation assessments will require students to complete technology performance tasks. For the first time in mandatory testing,…

  5. SWEETENED BEVERAGE SOURCES OF 7TH AND 8TH GRADE YOUTH

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Purpose: Sweetened beverage (SB) consumption may impact energy balance and weight. For middle school youth, major SB sources include home, school snack bars and vending, and restaurants. Policies have attempted to reduce student access to SB in schools, and concerns about restaurant SB consumption h...

  6. Authority and Authority Relations in Mathematics Education: A View from an 8th Grade Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amit, Miriam; Fried, Michael N.

    2005-01-01

    Compared to studies in general education, authority has received little attention in mathematics education, despite an increasing interest in sociological perspectives in mathematics classroom research. The subject of authority is particularly important in mathematics education, on the one hand, because of the immense authority mathematics itself…

  7. Charge It! Translating Electric Vehicle Research Results to Engage 7th and 8th Grade Girls

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Egbue, Ona; Long, Suzanna; Ng, Ean-Harn

    2015-01-01

    Despite attempts to generate interest in science and technology careers, US students continue to show reduced interest in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) majors at the collegiate level. If girls are not engaged in STEM learning by the middle school level, studies show that they are even less likely to choose a science- or…

  8. Civilized and Uncivilized Behaviors in the Classroom: An Example from the Teachers and Students from the Second Stage of Primary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Apaydin, Çigdem; Seçkin, Munise

    2013-01-01

    Purpose of this study was to investigate civilized and uncivilized behaviors in the classroom, the emotions and reactions towards them, as well as the strategies aiming to prevent these kinds of behaviors from the point of view of students and teachers attending second stage of primary education (6th, 7th and 8th grades). As a qualitative research…

  9. Development and Validation of the Relationship and Motivation (REMO) Scale to Assess Students' Perceptions of Peers and Teachers as Motivators in Adolescence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raufelder, Diana; Drury, Kate; Jagenow, Danilo; Hoferichter, Frances; Bukowski, William

    2013-01-01

    Factor analyses of a newly developed measure designed to measure early adolescents' perceptions of peers and teachers as sources of scholastic motivation were conducted with a diverse sample of 7th and 8th grade students (N = 1088) in secondary schools. The Relationship and Motivation (REMO) scales measure perceptions of peers (P-REMO) and…

  10. Retention of Hispanic/Latino students in first grade: Child, parent, teacher, school, and peer predictors.

    PubMed

    Willson, Victor L; Hughes, Jan N

    2006-02-01

    A sample of 283 Hispanic children with literacy performance at entrance to first grade below the median for their school district was studied as part of a larger research project on the predictors of grade retention in grade 1. Following retention decisions, 51 Hispanic students were retained in first grade. Low literacy skills, being young at entrance to first grade, low ego resilience, low support in the teacher-student relationship, and parents' low sense of responsibility for their children's educational outcomes predicted retention decisions. Hierarchical logistics regression investigated the contribution of six categories of variables (academic competencies; socio-demographic characteristics; social, emotional, and behavioral adjustment; resiliency, school context; and home environment) to retention. Controlling for literacy, only being young for grade and parents' low sense of responsibility for their children's adjustment to school made a direct contribution to retention. Early literacy skills were higher for children enrolled in bilingual classrooms than for children in non-bilingual classrooms. Implications for educational policy are discussed. PMID:20419036

  11. Preservice Mathematics and Science Teachers in an Integrated Teacher Preparation Program for Grades 7-12: A 3-Year Study of Attitudes and Perceptions Related to Integration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berlin, Donna F.; White, Arthur L.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this article is twofold: (a) to describe a unique teacher licensure program for grades 7-12 that integrates mathematics, science, and technology education and (b) to explore the attitudes and perceptions related to the integration of mathematics, science, and technology education of three cohorts of preservice teachers enrolled in…

  12. Scientists' Participation in Teacher Professional Development: The Impact on Fourth to Eighth Grade Teachers' Understanding and Implementation of Inquiry Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrison, Judith A.

    2014-01-01

    The impact of a professional development experience involving scientists and fourth to eighth grade teachers of science was explored. Teachers attended a summer program at a research facility where they had various experiences such as job shadowing and interviewing scientists. They also participated in authentic inquiry investigations and planned…

  13. Improving 6th Grade Climate Literacy using New Media (CLINM) and Teacher Professional Development

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, G.; Schmidt, C.; Metzger, E. P.; Cordero, E. C.

    2012-12-01

    The NASA-funded project, Improving 6th Grade Climate Literacy using New Media (CLINM), is designed to improve the climate literacy of California's 450,000 6th-grade students through teacher professional development that presents climate change as an engaging context for teaching earth science standards. The project fosters experience-based interaction among learners and encourages expressive creativity and idea-exchange via the web and social media. The heart of the CLINM project is the development of an online educator-friendly experience that provides content expert-reviewed, teacher-tested, standards-based educational resources, classroom activities and lessons that make meaningful connections to NASA data and images as well as new media tools (videos, web, and phone applications) based on the Green Ninja, a climate-action superhero who fights global warming by inspiring personal action (www.greenninja.info). In this session, we will discuss this approach to professional development and share a collection of teacher-tested CLINM resources. CLINM resources are grounded in earth system science; classroom activities and lessons engage students in exploration of connections between natural systems and human systems with a particular focus on how climate change relates to everyone's need for food, water, and energy. CLINM uses a team-based approach to resource development, and partners faculty in San José State University's (SJSU) colleges of Science, Education, and Humanities and the Arts with 6th-grade teachers from local school districts, a scientist from NASA Ames Research Center and climate change education projects at Stanford University, the University of Nebraska at Lincoln, and the University of Idaho. Climate scientists and other content experts identify relevant concepts and work with science educators to develop and/or refine classroom activities to elucidate those concepts; activities are piloted in pre-service science methods courses at SJSU and in

  14. Proceedings of the ASTM 8th international symposium zirconium in the nuclear industry

    SciTech Connect

    Van Swam, L.F.P.; Eucken, C.M.

    1989-01-01

    This book contains the proceedings of the ASTM 8th international symposium on zirconium in the nuclear industry. Topics covered include: Behavior of pressure tubes, Corrosion, Nodular corrosion, Basic metallurgy, and Creep and growth.

  15. 1. Entrance at corner of E Street (north) and 8th ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Entrance at corner of E Street (north) and 8th Street (west). To the east along E Street is a small parking lot and then 800 E St. (Simon Oppenheimer & Brother). Adjacent to 8th Street facade of the 816 E Street is 437 9th Street. Both buildings were originally one property. - Riley Building, Sunny's Surplus, 816 E Street, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

  16. An Analysis of the Influence of Gender, Grade Level, and Teacher on the Selection of Mathematics Software by Intermediate Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferguson-Pabst, Donna; Persichitte, Kay; Lohr, Linda; Pearman, Betsy

    2003-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between gender, grade level, teachers, and the selection of mathematics software as measured by the type of mathematics software chosen, and time-on-task. Research data were collected from 202 third, fourth, and fifth grade students in a single elementary school located in northeastern…

  17. Relationships of Teacher-Assigned Grades in High School Chemistry to Taxonomy-Type Objective Test Scores.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Even, Alexander

    Reported is a study designed (1) to investigate the relationship between teacher-assigned chemistry grades and the scores obtained on a multiple-choice chemistry test built on taxonomic principles, and (2) to compare the contributions of various predictor variables to the explainable variance of the grades and the total test scores. The sample…

  18. A Study of Two First-Grade Teachers "Roaming around the Known" with Their Students. Reading Research Report No. 9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marks, Tracey A.; And Others

    A study describes the process of two first-grade teachers incorporating the Reading Recovery process of "roaming around the known" in their regular classrooms. Their purpose was to assess what their students knew about print. Data collection for these case studies took place for 16 weeks late in 1992; participants included 49 first-grade students…

  19. Effect on Reading Fluency of Struggling Third Grade Students: Computer-Assisted Intervention versus Teacher-Guided Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Corey; Elfreth, Jaime; Feng, Jay

    2014-01-01

    This research study examined two intervention programs, Read Naturally (computer-assisted) and The Six-Minute Solution (teacher-guided), for the purpose of finding their effects on reading fluency with 3rd grade students at an elementary school. The participants were from two separate third grade classrooms, randomly assigned to one of the two…

  20. A Day in Third Grade: A Large-Scale Study of Classroom Quality and Teacher and Student Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elementary School Journal, 2005

    2005-01-01

    Observations of 780 third-grade classrooms described classroom activities, child-teacher interactions, and dimensions of the global classroom environment, which were examined in relation to structural aspects of the classroom and child behavior. 1 child per classroom was targeted for observation in relation to classroom quality and teacher and…

  1. The Study of Literature in a Fifth-Grade Classroom: One Teacher's Perspective. Elementary Subjects Center Series No. 83.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quirk, Barbara A.; Cianciolo, Patricia J.

    A descriptive/observational study examined one teacher's approach to teaching literature in a heterogeneous, self-contained fifth-grade classroom in a growing suburban community in southeastern Michigan during one school year. The teacher (with 21 years experience) was selected by the Murray Hill School administrators and was observed once a week…

  2. Polish Teachers' Conceptions of and Approaches to the Teaching of Linear Equations to Grade Six Students: An Exploratory Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marschall, Gosia; Andrews, Paul

    2015-01-01

    In this article we present an exploratory case study of six Polish teachers' perspectives on the teaching of linear equations to grade six students. Data, which derived from semi-structured interviews, were analysed against an extant framework and yielded a number of commonly held beliefs about what teachers aimed to achieve and how they would…

  3. The Effects of Professional Learning Communities and School Leaders on Veteran Teachers Assigned to New Grade Levels or Subject Areas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kitchens, Joy C.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this mixed methods study was to explore the effects of professional learning communities on veteran teachers with three or more years of experience assigned to new grade levels or subject areas and the implications for school leaders. The specific research questions that framed the study were: (1) What do veteran teachers assigned…

  4. A Comparative Study of Teachers' Attitudes and Practices regarding Homework in the Elementary, Middle, and High School Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peltier, Courtney Pisarich

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the attitudes and practices of elementary, middle, and high school teachers regarding homework. In addition, the study sought to find if there was a relationship between the teachers' attitudes and practices of homework, as well as finding the differences between the grade levels. The questionnaire used…

  5. Incorporating Informational Texts in the Primary Grades: A Research-Based Rationale, Practical Strategies, and Two Teachers' Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calo, Kristine M.

    2011-01-01

    This article highlights the literacy practices of two second grade teachers--one in an affluent suburb of a major metropolitan area and the other in a large urban school district. The article describes how these teachers use informational texts to engage their students, to provide children with opportunities to learn about the world around them,…

  6. Evaluating the Effects of a Systemic Intervention on First-Grade Teachers' Explicit Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson-Walker, Nancy J.; Fien, Hank; Kosty, Derek B.; Smolkowski, Keith; Smith, Jean Louise M.; Baker, Scott K.

    2013-01-01

    This article examines the efficacy of a multitiered systemic reading intervention for increasing the intensity and quality of explicit literacy instruction that teachers provide in first-grade classrooms. Schools ("j" = 16) were randomly assigned to the treatment or comparison condition. In both conditions, teachers ("i" = 42)…

  7. Beyond Blame: Challenging Violence in the Media. Teacher's Guide C: Middle School Classes and Groups (Grades 6 through 8).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    English, Jill; Levin, P. Rachel

    This teacher's guide provides an approach for teachers of grades 6-8 to teach media literacy and promote an informed public conversation about the impact of violent imagery in the culture today. Five key goals govern the program: (1) to reduce exposure to media violence; (2) to change the impact of violent images that are seen; (3) to locate and…

  8. First Grade Teachers' Perceptions of the Five Strands of Effective Reading Instruction and Their Possible Influence on Daily Instructional Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nguyen, Nghia Van

    2013-01-01

    First grade teachers play a critical role in shaping the foundation for early literacy skills acquisition of primary students. Past research studies have indicated that primary students whose teachers followed the"Big 5 Ideas" to teach reading had higher reading abilities when compared to other students. The purpose of this current…

  9. "Prime Online": Developing Grades 3-5 Teachers' Content Knowledge for Teaching Mathematics in an Online Professional Development Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pape, Stephen J.; Prosser, Sherri K.; Griffin, Cynthia C.; Dana, Nancy Fichtman; Algina, James; Bae, Jungah

    2015-01-01

    This study sought to identify components of an asynchronous online teacher professional development program, "Prime Online," that potentially affected participants' mathematical knowledge for teaching (MKT). Twenty-three third- through fifth-grade general education and special education teachers completed a yearlong online teacher…

  10. The Relationship Between Child and Teacher Evaluations of Self Esteem and Adjustment in Fourth and Sixth Grade Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dorr, Darwin; And Others

    The purposes of this study were to investigate at two elementary grade levels, the fourth and the sixth: the relationship between children's self-evaluations of self esteem and adjustment; the relationship between teachers' evaluations of children's self esteem and adjustment; and the relationship between teacher and child judgments of adjustment,…

  11. An Examination of the Preparation and Practice of Grades 7-12 Mathematics Teachers from the Shandong Province in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liang, Su; Glaz, Sarah; DeFranco, Thomas; Vinsonhaler, Charles; Grenier, Robin; Cardetti, Fabiana

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents the findings of a study that examined the preparation and teaching practice of ten teachers of grades 7-12 from the Shandong province in China. This study revealed that a multi-dimensional training system has been developed to help the teachers gradually build up their knowledge base for teaching. The findings of this study…

  12. Reflections from the "Shiny Side"--Exploring Fifth Grade Teachers' Beliefs about U.S. History Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwingle, Mark Anthony

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this adapted grounded theory study was to identify and analyze how 23 fifth grade elementary teachers' beliefs about the U.S. and U.S. history, about the children they teach, and about the context in which they teach affected both what and how they taught. The study found that teachers' beliefs about the U.S. itself affected their…

  13. Paradoxes and Paradigms in an Eighth Grade Pre-Algebra Class: A Case Study of a "Good" Math Teacher.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gregoire, Michele

    Evidence is presented from an ethnographic study of an eighth grade pre-algebra teacher's classroom in support of the idea that teachers' beliefs about the ontology and epistemology of math profoundly influence how they teach and thus what students learn. Specifically, beliefs based on a traditional view of mathematics as procedurally-based are…

  14. Mapping Language Teachers' Conceptions of Student Assessment Procedures in Relation to Grading: A Two-Stage Empirical Inquiry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oscarson, Mats; Apelgren, Britt Marie

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes project work undertaken in order to map out and analyze language teachers' experiences and views of various assessment principles and procedures with a particular focus on those that promote learning and relate to grading. A questionnaire survey in a nationally representative sample of 605 language education teachers in Sweden…

  15. Portraits of Practice: A Cross-Case Analysis of Two First-Grade Teachers and Their Grouping Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maloch, Beth; Worthy, Jo; Hampton, Angela; Jordan, Michelle; Hungerford-Kresser, Holly; Semingson, Peggy

    2013-01-01

    This interpretive study provides a cross-case analysis of the literacy instruction of two first-grade teachers, with a particular focus on their grouping practices. One key finding was the way in which these teachers drew upon a district-advocated approach for instruction--an approach to guided reading articulated by Fountas and Pinnell (1996) in…

  16. The Relationship between Teacher Attitudes towards Software Applications and Student Achievement in Fourth and Fifth Grade Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spencer, Laura K.

    2010-01-01

    The problem: The problem addressed in this study was to examine how teacher attitudes towards software applications affect student achievement in the classroom. Method: A correlational study was conducted, and 50 fourth and fifth grade teachers who taught in the Santee School District, were administered a survey assessing their attitudes…

  17. Teachers' Motivating Methods to Support Thai Ninth Grade Students' Levels of Motivation and Learning in Mathematics Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nenthien, Sansanee; Loima, Jyrki

    2016-01-01

    The aims of this qualitative research were to investigate the level of motivation and learning of ninth grade students in mathematics classrooms in Thailand and to reveal how the teachers supported students' levels of motivation and learning. The participants were 333 students and 12 teachers in 12 mathematics classrooms from four regions of…

  18. Predicting the Grades of Low-Income--Ethnic-Minority Students from Teacher-Student Discrepancies in Reported Motivation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harvey, Kristin Emilia; Suizzo, Marie-Anne; Jackson, Karen Moran

    2016-01-01

    The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of discrepancies between teachers' perceptions of students' motivation and students' reports of their motivation on math and English grades and to identify possible gender and ethnic differences. Participants included 215 low-income, ethnic-minority students and their teachers in academically…

  19. In-the-Moment Teaching Decisions in Primary Grade Reading: The Role of Context and Teacher Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffith, Robin; Bauml, Michelle; Barksdale, Bonnie

    2015-01-01

    This study provides insight into the in-the-moment teaching decisions made during reading instruction in the primary grades. Eight exemplary teachers of reading drew upon pedagogical knowledge and pedagogical content knowledge to make these in-the-moment decisions. Findings indicate the focus of teachers' in-the-moment decisions varied depending…

  20. TPACK Goes to Sixth Grade: Lessons from a Middle School Teacher in a High-Technology-Access Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wetzel, Keith; Marshall, Summer

    2012-01-01

    This is a qualitative study addressing the question: In what ways does a sixth grade middle school teacher show evidence of behaviors that fit the Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) framework in the classroom? The researcher observed in this class, interviewed the teacher, and looked for evidence of the interplay between…

  1. Communities. Community Study Unit, Grade 1. Teacher Edition, Field Trip Guide for Teachers, and Student Book.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee County School District, Ft. Myers, FL. Dept. of Environmental Education and Instructional Development Services.

    This unit is designed to help first grade students understand the broad concept of community. The students experience a variety of in-class and field trip activities that will expose them to communities. The students observe and compare both natural and human-designed communities. Learning activities include pantomimes, listening activities,…

  2. Exploring first-grade teachers' use of children's literature in science instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rish, Melany

    The purpose of this study is to explore, through the use of case studies, two early childhood teachers' methods of teaching science using children's literature and how it effects their students' conceptions of science concepts. Four research questions guided this study: how do teachers use children's literature to address science concepts during instruction? how are children's understandings of science concepts affected when teachers use children's trade books that provide inaccurate information on a particular topic/concept? how are children's understandings of a particular science concept clarified when teachers address a misconception presented on the topic in a children's book? when children have misconceptions about science concepts, how are those misconceptions corrected? Data sources included classroom observations, teacher interviews, student interviews, and document surveys. All interviews were transcribed, and field notes were taken and expanded on. These interview transcriptions and expanded field notes were coded; patterns and themes were identified. A comparison of the experience of these two classrooms was made with the research literature. Recurrent themes confirmed from multiple data sources provide validity for this study (triangulation). The teacher participants in this study chose books that contained many inaccuracies. The teachers utilized open-ended questions and discussion to address science concepts during instruction while using children's literature. After sharing the stories with students, the teachers almost always extended the book sharing experience with additional activities to reinforce concepts. Though the teachers used books with inaccuracies, it was difficult to distinguish the influence of the children's book, especially the fiction stories, since many of the first grade students are still learning to distinguish reality and fantasy. The results from this study do not provide enough information to say whether or not it is the

  3. PREFACE: The 8th China International NanoScience and Technology Symposium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cong, Hailin

    2009-09-01

    The 8th China International NanoScience and Technology Symposium, Xiangtan (2009) - Nano-products Exposition, sponsored by Chinese Society of Miro-nanoTechnology and IEEE Nanotechnology Council, etc will be held on 23-27 October 2009 in Xiangtan, China. This symposium is held in order to promote the technology for the development of micro- and nano-scale, cross-scale integration, to share new micro/nano technologies, to exchange information and knowledge over all fields and promote the industrialization and development of nanotechnology. This is a leading professional and traditional conference with at least 400 participants every year. Famous experts, professors and government officials at home and abroad will give lectures during the symposium, which provides a good platform for delegates to discover the latest developments and dynamics of nanotechnology. Researchers, teachers and students in colleges, and technical personnel in the industrial community are welcome to contribute and actively participate in the symposium. In our last symposium held in 2008, over 600 participants from all over the world attended, and we received over 570 abstract and paper submissions for the proceedings published in different languages in famous professional journals. And this year, we have already received over 400 submissions. After strict peer review, 60 of them are published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series. We are confident that the event will be even more successful this year. Consequently, the organizing committee and proceedings editorial committee would like to thank our colleagues at the IOP Publishing, the invited speakers, our sponsors and all the delegates for their great contributions in this conference. Hailin Cong Vice Chair of the proceedings editorial committee

  4. Teacher Quality and Teaching Quality of 7th-Grade Algebra I Honors Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perez, Barbara

    2013-01-01

    With more and more focus on accountability, algebra achievement has become a major focus of math curriculum developers. In many states, students are expected to pass standardized Algebra achievement tests in order to satisfy graduation requirements. The purpose of this study was to identify teacher qualities and teaching qualities linked to…

  5. Evaluation of the 10th Grade Computerized Mathematics Curriculum from the Perspective of the Teachers and Educational Supervisors in the Southern Region in Jordan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Tarawneh, Sabri Hassan; Al-Qadi, Haitham Mamdouh

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed at evaluating the 10th grade computerized mathematics curriculum from the perspective of the teachers and supervisors in the southern region in Jordan. The study population consisted of all the teachers who teach the 10th grade in the southern region, with the total of (309) teachers and (20) supervisors. The sample consisted of…

  6. Influence of Student–Teacher and Parent–Teacher Relationships on Lower Achieving Readers’ Engagement and Achievement in the Primary Grades

    PubMed Central

    Hughes, Jan; Kwok, Oi-man

    2007-01-01

    Participants were 443 (52.6% male, 47.4% female) ethnically diverse, 1st-grade, lower achieving readers attending 1 of 3 school districts in Texas. Using latent variable structural equation modeling, the authors tested a theoretical model positing that (a) the quality of teachers’ relationships with students and their parents mediates the associations between children’s background characteristics and teacher-rated classroom engagement and that (b) child classroom engagement, in turn, mediates the associations between student–teacher and parent–teacher relatedness and child achievement the following year. The hypothesized model provided a good fit to the data. African American children and their parents, relative to Hispanic and Caucasian children and their parents, had less supportive relationships with teachers. These differences in relatedness may be implicated in African American children’s lower achievement trajectories in the early grades. Implications of these findings for teacher preparation are discussed. PMID:18084625

  7. Continuing German in Grade Five: MLA Teacher's Guide. A Course of Study Including Methods, Materials, and Aids for Teaching German to Fifth-Grade Pupils.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Memming, Agnes K.; And Others

    This teacher's guide, for use in a fifth-grade German course, contains 12 units of instructional materials which concentrate on the development of basic audiolingual skills. Each of the units consists of conversational skits, dialogue adaptation, directed dialogue review, and classroom drills. Units include: (1) Das Aufstehen und das Fruhstuck,…

  8. Continuing French in Grade Four: MLA Teacher's Guide. A Course of Study Including Methods, Materials, and Aids for Teaching French to Fourth-Grade Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Mary P.; And Others

    This teacher's guide for use in a fourth-grade French course concentrates on the development of basic audiolingual skills. Twelve lessons, each containing an exposition, dialogue, teaching procedures, and dialogue adaptation, emphasize the use of French during classroom instruction. Lessons include: (1) a review unit, (2) "La chemise neuve," (3)…

  9. Depressive Symptoms in 3rd Grade Teachers: Relations to Classroom Quality and Student Achievement

    PubMed Central

    McLean, Leigh; Connor, Carol McDonald

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated associations among third grade teachers’ (n = 27) symptoms of depression, quality of the classroom-learning environment (CLE), and students’ (n = 523, mean age 8.6 years) math and literacy performance. Teachers’ depressive symptoms in the winter negatively predicted students’ spring mathematics achievement. This depended on students’ fall mathematics scores; students who began the year with weaker math skills and were in classrooms where teachers reported more depressive symptoms achieved smaller gains than did peers whose teachers reported fewer symptoms. Teachers’ depressive symptoms were negatively associated with quality of CLE, and quality of CLE mediated the association between depressive symptoms and student achievement. Findings point to the importance of teachers’ mental health, with implications for policy and practice. PMID:25676719

  10. PREFACE: 8th International Symposium of the Digital Earth (ISDE8)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2014-02-01

    Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium of Digital Earth (8th ISDE) 2013 Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia, 26th-29th August, 2013 Conference logo This proceedings consists of the peer-reviewed papers from 8th International Symposium for Digital Earth (ISDE) held in Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia during 26th-29th August, 2013. The 8th ISDE was a successful event in the Symposium Series of the International Society of Digital Earth, that was previously held in China (1999), Canada (2001), Czech Republic (2003), Japan (2005), the United States (2007), China (2009), and Australia (2011). The 8th ISDE, with the theme 'Transforming Knowledge into Sustainable Practice' aims to enable digital earth scientists, experts and professionals related to the field of geospatial science and technology to provide a brand new opportunity to share their ideas and insights on how we share knowledge and act together globally. In addition, the ISDE symposium series has been providing a venue for researchers and industry practitioners to discuss new ideas, collaborate to solve complex solutions to various complex problems, and importantly, pave new ways in digital earth environment. This 8th ISDE included 20 technical sessions, workshops and student sessions in various areas of digital earth; ranging from digital earth vision & innovation; earth observation technologies; ICT technologies (including spatial data infrastructures); empowering the community and engaging society; applications and innovation of digital earth for environmental applications such as hazard, pollution, flood, air quality, disaster and health, biodiversity, sustainability, forestry, early warning and emergency management, national security, natural resource management and agriculture; mining, energy and resources development; transformation towards sustainable low carbon society; digital city and green cities: towards urban sustainability; and managing water environment for sustainable development. The success of the 8

  11. Assessment of work-integrated learning: comparison of the usage of a grading rubric by supervising radiographers and teachers

    SciTech Connect

    Kilgour, Andrew J; Kilgour, Peter W; Gerzina, Tania; Christian, Beverly

    2014-02-15

    Introduction: Professional work-integrated learning (WIL) that integrates the academic experience with off-campus professional experience placements is an integral part of many tertiary courses. Issues with the reliability and validity of assessment grades in these placements suggest that there is a need to strengthen the level of academic rigour of placements in these programmes. This study aims to compare the attitudes to the usage of assessment rubrics of radiographers supervising medical imaging students and teachers supervising pre-service teachers. Methods: WIL placement assessment practices in two programmes, pre-service teacher training (Avondale College of Higher Education, NSW) and medical diagnostic radiography (Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, NSW), were compared with a view to comparing assessment strategies across these two different educational domains. Educators (course coordinators) responsible for teaching professional development placements of teacher trainees and diagnostic radiography students developed a standards-based grading rubric designed to guide assessment of students’ work during WIL placement by assessors. After ∼12 months of implementation of the rubrics, assessors’ reaction to the effectiveness and usefulness of the grading rubric was determined using a specially created survey form. Data were collected over the period from March to June 2011. Quantitative and qualitative data found that assessors in both programmes considered the grading rubric to be a vital tool in the assessment process, though teacher supervisors were more positive about the benefits of its use than the radiographer supervisors. Results: Benefits of the grading rubric included accuracy and consistency of grading, ability to identify specific areas of desired development and facilitation of the provision of supervisor feedback. The use of assessment grading rubrics is of benefit to assessors in WIL placements from two very different

  12. Investigation into the Perceptions of Students, Parents, and Teachers in China's Education Reform in Grades 7 and 8

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joong, Peter; Xiong, Ying; Li, Lin; Pan, Chun Jian

    2009-01-01

    The objective of this study was to examine how and to what extent Grades 7 and 8 teachers have implemented educational reforms in China that have had a direct impact on students, teachers, and parents. Major sources of data for this study were separate anonymous surveys for teachers, students, and parents. The study concluded that teachers and…

  13. Formal operational reasoning modes: Predictors of critical thinking abilities and grades assigned by teachers in science and mathematics for students in grades nine through twelve

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bitner, Betty L.

    To test the hypothesis that formal operational reasoning modes are predictors of critical thinking abilities and grades assigned by teachers in science and mathematics, in September 1986 the Group Assessment of Logical Thinking (GALT) and in December 1986 the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal (WGCTA) were administered to 101 rural students in Grades 9 through 12. The grades assigned by teachers were collected in May 1987. Construct and criterion-related validities and internal-consistency reliability using Cronbach's alpha method were established on the GALT. On the WGCTA, content and construct validities and internal consistency reliability using the split-half procedure, coefficient of stability, and coefficient of equivalence were established. The five formal operational reasoning modes in the GALT were found to be significant predictors of critical thinking abilities and grades assigned by teachers in science and mathematics. The variance in the five critical thinking abilities attributable to the five formal operational reasoning modes ranged between 28% and 70%. The five formal operational reasoning modes explained 29% of the variance in mathematics achievement and 62% of the variance in science achievement.

  14. Temperament in early childhood and peer interactions in third grade: the role of teacher-child relationships in early elementary grades.

    PubMed

    Rudasill, Kathleen Moritz; Niehaus, Kate; Buhs, Eric; White, Jamie M

    2013-12-01

    Children's interactions with peers in early childhood have been consistently linked to their academic and social outcomes. Although both child and classroom characteristics have been implicated as contributors to children's success, there has been scant research linking child temperament, teacher-child relationship quality, and peer interactions in the same study. The purpose of this study is to examine children's early temperament, rated at preschool age, as a predictor of interactions with peers (i.e., aggression, relational aggression, victimization, and prosociality) in third grade while considering teacher-child relationship quality in kindergarten through second grades as a moderator and mediator of this association. The sample (N=1364) was drawn from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. Results from structural equation models indicated that teacher-child conflict in early elementary grades mediated links between children's temperament and later peer interactions. Findings underscore the importance of considering children's temperament traits and teacher-child relationship quality when examining the mechanisms of the development of peer interactions. PMID:24295144

  15. Gender equity: A study of classroom interactions of sixth-grade science teachers before and after gender equity training

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Giuliano, Joanne

    The researcher investigated teachers' perceptions of their interactions with students in their 6th grade science classrooms and the effects of gender equity training on teachers' interactions with students. Teacher perceptions were measured at pretest and posttest using the Gender Equity Teacher-Student Interaction Questionnaire (GETSIQ). The outcomes from one day of gender equity training, using the Gender Equity Video and Instructional Guide, were measured at pretest, posttest, and follow-up using the INTERSECT scale. A non-random sample of twenty 6th grade science teachers from five middle schools participated in the study. Ten teachers were assigned to each of the control or experimental groups. The first hypothesis posited that teacher perceptions of and actions toward male and female students in sixth grade science classrooms would be different as reflected by scores on the GETSIQ. The hypothesis was partially supported. Teachers reported significantly different amounts of acknowledgment, attention in general, and attention to questions, responses, and comments for boys and girls, and different evaluations based on their expectations for a student. Following training, teachers from the experimental group obtained somewhat higher scores, though the differences were not statistically significant. Hypothesis 2 stated that gender equity training would increase equitable teacher interactions with male and female students as demonstrated by scores on the INTERSECT Checklist. This hypothesis was partially supported. A comparison of the Intersect checklist (praise, acceptance, remediation, criticism) revealed that teachers were observed to more equally give praise to boys and girls following training, male teachers engaged in more acceptance responses with girls, and female teachers had more equitable distribution of acceptance. Male teachers increased the amount of remediation to girls, and female teachers continued to provide more remediation to boys. The

  16. Development of a Scale to Explore Technology Literacy Skills of Turkish 8th Graders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Misirli, Zeynel A.; Akbulut, Yavuz

    2013-01-01

    The use of emerging technologies shape learners' knowledge creation and transformation processes. In this regard, this study aimed to develop a scale to investigate 8 th graders' competencies regarding the educational technology standards based on ISTE-NETS. After a review of relevant literature, an item pool was prepared. The pool was improved…

  17. Examining the Differences of the 8th-Graders' Estimation Performance between Contextual and Numerical Problems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Der-Ching; Wu, Shin-Shin

    2012-01-01

    Two 12-question estimation instruments were designed to compare the differences of estimating strategies used by the 8th-graders when solving contextual and numerical problems. Both instruments are parallel, meaning that the numbers used in both instruments are the same; however, they were presented differently. One hundred and ninety-eight…

  18. 77 FR 9927 - Filing Dates for the Arizona Special Election in the 8th Congressional District

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION Filing Dates for the Arizona Special Election in the 8th Congressional District AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. ACTION: Notice of filing dates for special election. SUMMARY: Arizona has scheduled elections...

  19. A World Worth Living in ICAE 8th World Assembly Declaration (June 2011)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adult Learning, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This article presents the International Council of Adult Education (ICAE) 8th World Assembly Declaration (June 2011). This declaration focuses on adult educators' conviction in the possibility of a "world worth living in," and their declaration of their collective determination to work towards making it a reality all around the planet.

  20. Analyzing stories told by an elementary science teacher in a fifth-grade classroom

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trotman, Alicia M.

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to analyze and interpret the stories told by one teacher, Ms. M, in a fifth grade science classroom. In this study, stories are defined as teacher utterances that are used in first person or third person narrative view, and are related to an experience that occurred outside the classroom. This research answers questions concerning: (a) what types of stories Ms. M tells during science instruction; (b) when these stories occur in the classroom; and (c) what pedagogical functions do these stories serve in the classroom. Utilizing theories on the social construction of knowledge and narrative cognition, stories told may be formed through multiple paths that follow no logical expression to make sense of the context and to connect to its audience. Therefore, this study provides insight into how Ms. M made sense of science with her stories and the ways in which they worked with her students. The results illlustrated that the types of stories found with Ms. M were autobiographical, biographical, fictional, or based on current events. These stories occurred when the teacher initiated the discussion by bringing forth a definition, a question or reinforcing a concept. However, the stories were triggered by students to a greater degree with their questions, concerns, observations or their own stories or explanations. Finally, all pedagogical functions of stories were identified with Ms. M's stories: promotion of engagement or attention of students, building community, clarifying concepts or vocabulary, activation and building of background knowledge and disclosure of teacher role and voice. Ms. M stories exemplified her sense-making of science and connections to her own life that her students were eventually able to make for themselves.

  1. Influence of Student-Teacher and Parent-Teacher Relationships on Lower Achieving Readers' Engagement and Achievement in the Primary Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughes, Jan; Kwok, Oi-man

    2007-01-01

    Participants were 443 (52.6% male, 47.4% female) ethnically diverse, 1st-grade, lower achieving readers attending 1 of 3 school districts in Texas. Using latent variable structural equation modeling, the authors tested a theoretical model positing that (a) the quality of teachers' relationships with students and their parents mediates the…

  2. The Level of Diagnostic Tests' Preparation Skills among the Teachers of the First Three Elementary Grades' Teachers at the Directorate of Education of Bani Kinana District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yaghmour, Kholoud Subhi; Obaidat, Luai Taleb; Hamadneh, Qaseem Mohammad

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed at exploring the level of Diagnostic Tests' Preparation Skills among the teachers of the first Three Elementary Grades at the Directorate of Education of Bani Kinana District, and its relationship to the variables of gender, academic qualification, and years of experience. The sample of the study consisted of (264) male and female…

  3. Exploring How Second Grade Elementary Teachers Translate Their Nature of Science Views into Classroom Practice after a Graduate Level Nature of Science Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deniz, Hasan; Adibelli, Elif

    2015-01-01

    The main purpose of this study was to explore the factors mediating the translation of second grade teachers' nature of science (NOS) views into classroom practice after completing a graduate level NOS course. Four second grade in-service elementary teachers comprised the sample of this study. Data were collected from several sources during the…

  4. Attitudes and Stages of Concern of Elementary Teachers toward Agriculture as a Context for Teaching across Grade Level Content Area Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bellah, Kimberly A.; Dyer, James E.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe elementary teachers' attitudes and perceptions toward agriculture and its use as a context for teaching across the grade level content area standards. Further, this study sought to probe more deeply the stages of concern possessed by kindergarten through eighth grade teachers with respect to their use of…

  5. 7th-12th Grade English/Language Arts Teachers and Their Classroom Grading Practices: Investigating the Use of Standards-Based Grading in Nebraska's Rural Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stephens, Summer Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    A problem exists in grading practices accurately measuring student achievement. Both students' academic achievements and nonacademic factors, such as effort, homework completion, and behaviors continue to factor into grades. This combination can lead to inaccurate representation of true academic ability, rendering a grade useless. While…

  6. How Old Is Your Universe?: A Workshop For Middle Grade Science Teachers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wulff, A. H.; Siewers, F.; Gelderman, R.; Carini, M.; Roberts, J.; Tyler, R.; McGruder, C.

    2005-05-01

    Recent attempts to revise how evolution is taught in US schools have found fault not just with Darwin's theory of biological evolution but with current scientific theories about the age and evolution of the cosmos. A multidisciplinary team including physicists, astronomers and geologists initiated two workshops to provide clear, easy to implement curriculum material to help middle grade science teachers explain to their students how we know the ages of the earth, stars, our own solar system, and the entire universe. The nature of science was explained, with special attention paid to distinguishing knowledge gained through the scientific method from matters of faith. In-service and pre-service teachers worked together as a team to master the content behind a series of hands-on activities and develop the best strategies for integrating the lesson plans into the classroom. Research scientists collaborated with educators to present the workshop; and after the workshop traveled to the classrooms to work with the teachers to assist in the implementation of the material. These pairings resulted in a diversity of approaches and implementation strategies being discussed and ultimately implemented. During the workshop the teachers were introduced to a series of inquiry-based, hands-on activities designed to integrate thematic content from the life, earth, and physical sciences. Additional resources (various physics lab materials, earth materials kits, posters, CD-ROMs, etc.) and information were provided to allow each teacher to become familiar with the reasons for our belief in an ancient and evolving universe. The chosen lesson plan activities provide just-in-time introduction of background materials integrating math skills and concepts with the process of discovery. The inquiry-based activities emphasize the methods by which scientists study cosmic distances, ages, and evolution. The entire workshop format has been aligned with, and each activity is linked with, National

  7. Jordanian Kindergarten and 1st-Grade Teachers' Beliefs about Child-Based Dimensions of School Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fayez, Merfat; Ahmad, Jamal Fathi; Oliemat, Enass

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the beliefs of Jordanian kindergarten and 1st-grade teachers regarding six child-based dimensions of school readiness: academic knowledge, basic thinking skills, socioemotional maturity, physical well-being and motor development, self-discipline, and communication skills. Questionnaires were used to collect…

  8. Piaget: A Handbook for Parents and Teachers of Children in the Age of Discovery--Preschool Through Third Grade.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Felton, Victoria; Peterson, Rosemary

    This handbook, primarily for parents and teachers of preschool through third grade children, provides some insights into Piaget's theories about how children think and learn and presents ideas for using Piagetian-type activities and games in the home or classroom. (The handbook does not attempt to give a comprehensive analysis of Piaget's theory…

  9. Grade-Level Differences: Relations of Parental, Teacher and Peer Support to Academic Engagement and Achievement among Hong Kong Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Jennifer Jun-Li

    2008-01-01

    Researchers have long been interested in understanding factors affecting student achievement. To contribute new insights to the literature, this study investigated grade-level differences in the relationships of students' perceived academic support (from parents, teachers and peers) to academic achievement directly and also indirectly through…

  10. Sustainable Development, Grades 5 to 8: Caring for the World. Curriculum Support for Social Studies and Science Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manitoba Dept. of Education and Training, Winnipeg. Curriculum Services Branch.

    This curriculum support package is intended to assist grades 5-8 teachers in Manitoba to start the process of integrating and implementing sustainable development in science and social studies courses. Containing four sections, the first section briefly outlines the origins of sustainable development, how it evolved, why it should be taught, what…

  11. Constructing and Modeling Algebraic Statements in the Multiplicative Domain: Investigating Fourth-Grade Student and Teacher Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grandau, Laura

    2013-01-01

    This study of fourth-grade students and teachers explores mathematics teaching and learning that focuses on discovering and modeling algebraic relationships. The study has two parts: an investigation of how students learn to construct algebraic statements and models for comparisons and measurement situations in the multiplicative domain, and an…

  12. Recent Trends in Japanese Mathematics Textbooks for Elementary Grades: Supporting Teachers to Teach Mathematics through Problem Solving

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Takahashi, Akihiko

    2016-01-01

    Problem solving has been a major theme in Japanese mathematics curricula for nearly 50 years. Numerous teacher reference books and lesson plans using problem solving have been published since the 1960s. Government-authorized mathematics textbooks for elementary grades, published by six private companies, have had more and more problem solving over…

  13. Career Education Program, 1980-1981, Columbia County School System. Teacher Guide, Grades 8-12. [Revised].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Central Savannah River Area Cooperative Educational Services Agency, Thomson, GA.

    This guide contains a variety of materials to help teachers for grades 8-12 (specifically those in the Columbia County School System, Georgia) infuse career education into their classrooms. Contents include both school system-specific and general information: (1) brief discussion of career education; (2) listing of nine student outcome objectives;…

  14. Steps to Financial Fitness, Grades 3-5. Teacher Guide [and] Student Workouts. Financial Fitness for Life.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suiter, Mary C.

    Developing financial fitness requires developing a knowledge base and then applying it. This teacher guide and student workouts package contains 15 lessons from students at grades 3-5, divided into 4 theme areas of earning and income, saving, spending and borrowing, and managing money. The development of knowledge for use in the everyday life of…

  15. Content Area Literacy in the Primary Grades: Teachers' Sense of Efficacy in Teaching Narrative and Informational Text

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Selman, Christine Cherry

    2011-01-01

    Research has documented the scarcity of informational text and the overabundance of narrative text in the primary grades (Duke, 2000; Yopp & Yopp, 2006). The purpose of this quantitative study was to determine primary teachers' beliefs, or efficacy, in teaching narrative and informational text as well as assess their use of both text types in…

  16. Standards-Based Assessment, Grading, and Reporting in Classrooms: Can District Training and Support Change Teacher Practice?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMunn, Nancy; Schenck, Patricia; McColskey, Wendy

    Whether school district support and training in standards-based assessment, grading, and reporting in classrooms can change teacher practice in these areas was studied in a Florida school district. This district, Bay District Schools of Panama City, has been working with the SERVE Regional Educational Laboratory on a project that involves teachers…

  17. Curriculum Development in Teacher Education: Process and Politics of the Redesign of an Undergraduate Middle-Grades Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Susan

    2013-01-01

    The middle-grades program at a state university recently underwent a program redesign in an effort to ensure that teacher candidates are well prepared to teach in today's contemporary middle schools while maintaining the principles and standards established by the Association of Middle Level Educators. The purpose of this article is to…

  18. A Comparison of Level of Understanding of Eighth-Grade Students and Science Student Teachers Related to Selected Chemistry Concepts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calik, Muammer; Ayas, Alipasa

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate and compare level of understanding of eighth-grade students and student teachers in their final year in the science education department related to concepts of solution, gas, and chemical change. A qualitative and quantitative methodology was used for this investigation. Open-ended questions and group…

  19. Teacher Opinions on the Concepts Preparing Students to a Democratic Life in the First Grade Social Studies Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bektas, Mustafa

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to determine the teacher opinions on whether the concepts preparing the students to the democratic life in the first grade social studies course theme "My School Excitement" are convenient for the level of the students. In the present study, the phenomenon science model, which is one of the qualitative…

  20. Interdisciplinary Student/Teacher Materials in Energy, the Environment, and the Economy: 6, The Energy We Use, Grade 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bloch, Lenore; And Others

    This instructional unit contains a set of nine lessons on energy for grade one. Each lesson contains complete teacher and student materials. Reading skills and language experiences are reinforced in each activity. The lessons cover such topics as energy from food, energy from the sun, fossil fuels, the wind, moving water, and energy conservation.…

  1. Beyond Blame: Challenging Violence in the Media. Teacher's Guide B: Elementary School Classes and Groups (Grades 4 and 5).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    English, Jill; Levin, P. Rachel

    This guide provides an approach for teachers of grades 4-5 to teach media literacy and promote an informed public conversation about the impact of violent imagery in our culture today. Five key goals govern the program: (1) to reduce exposure to media violence; (2) to change the impact of violent images that are seen; (3) to locate and explore…

  2. Into Adolescence: Learning about HIV. Curriculum for Grades 5-8. Contemporary Health Series. [Teachers' Guide] Revised Edition. Student Workbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Post, Jory; McPherson, Carole

    Through a variety of learning strategies, this curriculum guide provides an age-appropriate Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) education for students grades 5-8. An introduction incorporates curriculum objectives, classroom environment, teacher responsibilities, time, instructional strategies, parental involvement and support, and…

  3. The Influence of Teacher Emotion on Grading Practices: A Preliminary Look at the Evaluation of Student Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brackett, Marc A.; Floman, James L.; Ashton-James, Claire; Cherkasskiy, Lillia; Salovey, Peter

    2013-01-01

    The evaluation of student work is a central aspect of the teaching profession that can affect students in significant ways. Although teachers use multiple criteria for assessing student work, it is not yet known if emotions are a factor in their grading decisions as has been found in other instances of professional evaluations. Reason to believe…

  4. Strawberry Square. Thirty-Three Programs in Music Education for Children in Kindergarten and First Grade. Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Sheila; Griffin, Nancy

    This teacher's guide accompanies a series of television programs in music education for kindergarten and first-grade children. The story line of the programs centers around the revitalization of a once run down neighborhood called Strawberry Square where people had forgotten how to sing, dance, and live joyful lives. The program builds upon the…

  5. Developmental Reading in Social Studies; Westward Expansion and Transportation in New York State. A Guide for Teachers, Grade 7, Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Minna; And Others

    This guide is designed to provide seventh-grade social studies teachers with materials needed to present instruction in reading skills and to teach those facts, concepts, and attitudes which are the aim of social studies education. Entries on the subject of westward expansion and transportation in New York State are arranged by topics, and…

  6. Teachers' Role, Learners' Gender Differences, and FL Anxiety among Seventh-Grade Students Studying English as a FL

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abu-Rabia, Salim

    2004-01-01

    This study investigated the relationship between foreign language (FL) anxiety and achievement in that language. The role of the FL teacher as perceived by the learners was also tested. Participants were 67 seventh-grade students. They were administered an anxiety questionnaire, a Hebrew reading comprehension test, an English reading comprehension…

  7. Visual Arts Teaching in Kindergarten through 3rd-Grade Classrooms in the UAE: Teacher Profiles, Perceptions, and Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buldu, Mehmet; Shaban, Mohamed S.

    2010-01-01

    This study portrayed a picture of kindergarten through 3rd-grade teachers who teach visual arts, their perceptions of the value of visual arts, their visual arts teaching practices, visual arts experiences provided to young learners in school, and major factors and/or influences that affect their teaching of visual arts. The sample for this study…

  8. Reading Discoveries: For the Journeys of a Lifetime. An Integrated Handbook for K-6th Grade Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mullery, Kevin

    This handbook presents teaching strategies and activities for incorporating literature and library skills into the grades K-6 curriculum. Introductory materials include discussions of independence and cooperation in learning, effective instruction in English-language arts, and teacher-librarian cooperation. The approaches used in the materials in…

  9. Shaping up Your Financial Future, Grades 6-8. Teacher Guide [and] Student Workouts. Financial Fitness for Life.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flowers, Barbara; Gallaher, Sheryl Szot

    Middle school students enjoy personal finance because it involves making decisions about their lives, both in the present and in the future. This teacher's guide and student workouts package consists of 17 economics lessons for students at grades 6-8 that are divided into 5 theme areas: the economic way of thinking; earning an income; saving;…

  10. Global Warming & the Greenhouse Effect. Grades 7-10. Teacher's Guide. Great Explorations in Math and Science (GEMS).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hocking, Colin; And Others

    This series of educational activities is intended to help teachers communicate basic scientific concepts related to global warming and the greenhouse effect to students grades 7-10. Seven sessions provide laboratory activities, simulations, and discussions that can be used to improve student understanding of a number of important scientific…

  11. SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 8, Grade 3, Teacher's Guide--Multi-Ethnic Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.

    Built around a theme of communities in the nation, this teacher's guide for unit eight of a science/math strand for Spanish-speaking children in grade three contains both learning and assessment activities. This unit addresses what the elements are, how needs and wants are satisfied, how change occurs, and what the results of change are. The guide…

  12. Tools for Providing Feedback in Reading: A Reading Assessment Handbook for All Teachers in Grades 3-12

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williamson, Jan; McMunn, Nancy; Reagan, Hope

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this handbook is to assist teachers in assessing their students in reading, regardless of the grade level or subject they teach. It is intended as a starting point on the journey to helping students become effective readers, regardless of the material they are reading. SERVE, a Regional Educational Laboratories, has adapted this…

  13. Tools for Providing Feedback in Reading: A Reading Assessment Handbook for All Teachers in Grades 3-12

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williamson, Jan

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this handbook, is to assist teachers in assessing their students in reading, regardless of the grade level or subject they teach. It is intended as a starting point on the journey to helping students become effective readers, regardless of the material they are reading. SERVE, one of the Regional Educational Laboratories, has…

  14. Effects of Teacher-Led Reading Teaching Activities and Student Independent Reading on Fourth Grade ELL Student Reading Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Siping

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation study examines the effects of four teacher-led reading activities recommended by the reading teaching policy and student independent reading activity on the development of English language learners (ELL) reading proficiency at fourth grade in U.S. elementary schools. In this study, I first introduce the significance of studying…

  15. Teaching Media Literacy in Grade Five: The Development of Technological Literacy among Teachers and Students--A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCabe, Rachel; Emery, Winston

    2003-01-01

    This is the second of two articles about a study of the implementation of a media literacy curriculum project in three inner city schools Grade 5's in Montreal. The authors describe the development of technological literacy among the teachers and students as they learned about two Media Literacy concepts. The teaching featured the use of a…

  16. The Contributions of Teachers' Emotional Support to Children's Social Behaviors and Self-Regulatory Skills in First Grade

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Merritt, Eileen G.; Wanless, Shannon B.; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.; Cameron, Claire; Peugh, James L.

    2012-01-01

    The present observational study used hierarchical linear modeling to examine predictors of children's social and self-regulatory outcomes in first-grade classrooms. Specifically, goals were the following: (1) to explore relations between emotionally supportive teacher-child interactions and children's social behaviors (aggression with peers,…

  17. Evaluation of Three Models of Instruction for 9th Grade Turkish Literature Course and Implications for Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pilav, Salim

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to assess the extent to which each of the three types of instruction (authentic, where, differentiated) engages 9th grade high school students in achieving language proficiency. The paper examines the features of these models of instructions and teachers? opinion about them. It includes a descriptive research in survey…

  18. Arts Education in Grades 6 through 9: A National Survey of Arts Teachers and Supervisors. Research Report 84.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crane, Valerie

    A national survey of 1,320 arts teachers and 165 supervisors was undertaken to assist in identifying content areas and developing content objectives for an instructional television series on visual art, music, drama, and dance for students in grades 6 through 9. The objectives of the survey were to assess teaching practices in arts education in…

  19. Reading Apprenticeship Classrooms: Effectiveness of Teacher Think-Alouds to Increase the Metacognition of 7th Grade Social Studies Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matz, Debbie S.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined how the use of teacher think-alouds influenced and transferred to the reading comprehension and metacognition of seventh grade middle school social studies students in two Reading Apprenticeship classrooms. The researcher conducted classroom observations at a middle school in a mid-size suburban and rural school district in…

  20. Teachers' and Students' Perceptions Regarding Technology-Assisted Instruction in 10th-Grade Mathematics Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Martha Jean Ware

    2012-01-01

    Tenth grade students in a high school in the southern United States were not meeting minimum mathematics competencies. Educators, families, and students needed more information on ways to enhance mathematics understanding and performance. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to examine students' and teachers' perceptions…

  1. College BASE versus American College Testing as a Predictor Variable for National Teacher's Examination and Grade Point Average.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osterlind, Steven J.; Schmitz, Charles D.

    1993-01-01

    Investigated differences in robustness of two independent variables for predicting National Teacher Examinations (NTE) scores and grade point averages (GPAs) for college seniors and recent graduates (n=1,441). By every method of analysis, data clearly indicated superiority of College Basic Academic Subjects Examination over American College…

  2. "She Let Us Be Smart:" Low-Income African-American First-Grade Students' Understandings of Teacher Closeness and Influence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Heather A.; Gabelman, Megan M.; Wingfield, Rickiah D.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore low-income, African-American first-grade students' understandings of teacher closeness and influence. Several questions guided our inquiry: How do these children understand their relationships with their teachers, specifically with regard to teacher closeness and influence? To what extent are their…

  3. An Exploratory Study of Teachers' Application of Inductive Approaches in Developing an Awareness of Geometry with Fifth and Sixth Grade Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schloff, Charles E.

    The purpose of this study was to design a series of inservice seminars with teaching guides in geometry for fifth and sixth grade teachers in order to improve student competence in geometry. The guides stressed the use of a discovery approach. Twelve teachers and 293 children participated. Students took a pretest in geometry, the teachers attended…

  4. Idaho Region IV Fourth-Grade Teachers' Perceptions about the Educational Influence of Idaho State Achievement Standards and the Idaho State Achievement Tests

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiggins, Annette Marie

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore Idaho Region IV fourth-grade teachers' perceptions regarding the educational influence of Idaho State Achievement Standards and the Idaho Standards Achievement Tests (ISAT) in language usage, reading, and math. Differences between subgroups based on teacher/school demographics, specifically, teachers'…

  5. Effects of Multilevel Support on First-Grade Teachers' Use of Research-Based Strategies during Beginning Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schnorr, Crystalyn Innocence

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of multilevel support on first-grade teachers' accurate use of research-based strategies during beginning reading instruction and the extent to which teachers maintained use of these strategies. Teachers were trained to use research-based strategies, including choral responding, response…

  6. Collaborative Teacher Inquiry into iPad Use in Grade 3 Classrooms: Mobilizing Knowledge through a Long-Term School-University Partnership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McQuirter Scott, Ruth; Dortmans, Donna; Rath, Cathy; Meeussen, Nancy; Boin, Jennifer

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we report on a longitudinal case study exploring Grade 3 teachers' implementation of iPads in the Language Arts classroom. A school-university partnership was formed based on a collaborative teacher inquiry model. We examined factors that shaped our collaboration. The project resulted in greater teacher sharing of iPad…

  7. The 8th Latin American congress on surface science: Surfaces, vacuum, and their applications. Proceedings

    SciTech Connect

    Hernandez-Calderon, I.; Asomoza, R.

    1997-01-01

    These proceedings represent papers presented at the 8th Latin American Congress on Surface Science and its Applications. The wide spectrum of subjects covered included theoretical and experimental research in low dimensional systems, vacuum system design, biomaterial interfaces, surface magnetism, superconductivity, catalysis, adsorption, surface imaging, porous and amorphous materials, surface spectroscopies, electronic properties, and other topics. There were 131 papers presented and 26 have been abstracted for the Energy Science and Technology database.(AIP)

  8. Your Mentor. A Practical Guide for First-Year Teachers in Grades 1-3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Mary Presson

    This reference guide was developed by surveying student teachers, substitute teachers, returning teachers, emergency credential teachers, and teacher educators on what they wanted to see in a teaching reference. Samples of lesson units, themes, and communication with parents are provided, along with classroom-tested strategies. The 12 chapters…

  9. Leveraging Cultural Resources through Teacher Pedagogical Reasoning: Elementary Grade Teachers Analyze Second Language Learners' Science Problem Solving

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buxton, Cory A.; Salinas, Alejandra; Mahotiere, Margarette; Lee, Okhee; Secada, Walter G.

    2013-01-01

    Grounded in teacher professional development addressing the intersection of student diversity and content area instruction, this study examined school teachers' pedagogical reasoning complexity as they reflected on their second language learners' science problem solving abilities using both home and school contexts. Teachers responded to interview…

  10. Fostering Third-Grade Students' Use of Scientific Models with the Water Cycle: Elementary teachers' conceptions and practices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vo, Tina; Forbes, Cory T.; Zangori, Laura; Schwarz, Christina V.

    2015-10-01

    Elementary teachers play a crucial role in supporting and scaffolding students' model-based reasoning about natural phenomena, particularly complex systems such as the water cycle. However, little research exists to inform efforts in supporting elementary teachers' learning to foster model-centered, science learning environments. To address this need, we conducted an exploratory multiple-case study using qualitative research methods to investigate six 3rd-grade teachers' pedagogical reasoning and classroom instruction around modeling practices (construct, use, evaluate, and revise) and epistemic considerations of scientific modeling (generality/abstraction, evidence, mechanism, and audience). Study findings show that all teachers emphasized a subset of modeling practices-construction and use-and the epistemic consideration of generality/abstraction. There was observable consistency between teachers' articulated conceptions of scientific modeling and their classroom practices. Results also show a subset of the teachers more strongly emphasized additional epistemic considerations and, as a result, better supported students to use models as sense-making tools as well as representations. These findings provide important evidence for developing elementary teacher supports to scaffold students' engagement in scientific modeling.

  11. Unlocking the wasting enigma: Highlights from the 8th Cachexia Conference

    PubMed Central

    von Haehling, Stephan

    2016-01-01

    Abstract This article highlights pre‐clinical and clinical studies into the field of wasting disorders that were presented at the 8th Cachexia Conference held in Paris, France December 2015. This year some interesting results of clinical trials and different new therapeutic targets were shown. This article presents the biological and clinical significance of different markers and new drugs for the treatment of skeletal muscle wasting. Effective treatments of cachexia and wasting disorders are urgently needed in order to improve the patients' quality of life and their survival. PMID:27128291

  12. Proceedings of the 8th Annual Summer Conference: NASA/USRA Advanced Design Program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1992-01-01

    Papers presented at the 8th Annual Summer Conference are categorized as Space Projects and Aeronautics projects. Topics covered include: Systematic Propulsion Optimization Tools (SPOT), Assured Crew Return Vehicle Post Landing Configuration Design and Test, Autonomous Support for Microorganism Research in Space, Bioregenerative System Components for Microgravity, The Extended Mission Rover (EMR), Planetary Surface Exploration MESUR/Autonomous Lunar Rover, Automation of Closed Environments in Space for Human Comfort and Safety, Walking Robot Design, Extraterrestrial Surface Propulsion Systems, The Design of Four Hypersonic Reconnaissance Aircraft, Design of a Refueling Tanker Delivering Liquid Hydrogen, The Design of a Long-Range Megatransport Aircraft, and Solar Powered Multipurpose Remotely Powered Aircraft.

  13. Unlocking the wasting enigma: Highlights from the 8th Cachexia Conference.

    PubMed

    Ebner, Nicole; von Haehling, Stephan

    2016-03-01

    This article highlights pre-clinical and clinical studies into the field of wasting disorders that were presented at the 8th Cachexia Conference held in Paris, France December 2015. This year some interesting results of clinical trials and different new therapeutic targets were shown. This article presents the biological and clinical significance of different markers and new drugs for the treatment of skeletal muscle wasting. Effective treatments of cachexia and wasting disorders are urgently needed in order to improve the patients' quality of life and their survival. PMID:27128291

  14. Conference summary & recent advances: The 8th Conference on Metal Toxicity and Carcinogenesis

    PubMed Central

    Zhou, Xixi; Burchiel, Scott W.; Hudson, Laurie G.; Liu, Ke Jian

    2015-01-01

    Diseases caused by occupational and environmental exposure to metals are a public health concern. The underlying molecular mechanisms of metal toxicity and carcinogenicity remain largely unknown. Over 130 scientists attended the 8th Conference on Metal Toxicity and Carcinogenesis, presenting their various research concerns and recent findings to stimulate interactions and collaborations among scientists in the field. Several major areas were emphasized, including human & population studies, molecular & cellular mechanisms, biological targets, epigenetic effects, metabolism, and metal mixtures. Here we summarize presentations at the conference sessions and highlight the attendees’ latest work published in this special issue of Biological Trace Element Research. PMID:25975949

  15. Student Achievement in Middle Grades: Gauging the Effect of Teacher Training on Student Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gnedko, Natalya S.

    2013-01-01

    In the United States, teacher certification has been a baseline measure of teacher quality and gateway to the teaching profession for many decades. Research suggests that teacher certification is beneficial to student achievement, with findings particularly promising when content area of teacher certification is taken into account. Positive…

  16. PREFACE: The 8th Workshop on Frontiers in Low Temperature Plasma Diagnostics The 8th Workshop on Frontiers in Low Temperature Plasma Diagnostics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sadeghi, Nader; Czarnetzki, Uwe

    2010-03-01

    The 8th Workshop on Frontiers in Low Temperature Plasma Diagnostics (FLTPD) was held in Blansko, near Brno, Czech Republic. FLTPD is a biennial European event in which scientists working on low temperature plasmas present their recent results, pointing out in particular the originality of the diagnostic techniques used. The idea of starting this series of workshops was born out of a discussion between Frieder Döbele, Bill Graham and one of us when travelling together from Bar Harbor, USA (after the 6th LAPD) to Montreal, Canada, in October 1993. It became evident that we had been lacking a European meeting that could bring together experts in the field of low temperature plasma diagnostics and facilitate sharing the knowledge of these diagnostics with a new generation of scientists. The first FLTPD was held in Les Houches, France, in February 1995. Since then it has been held in the spring of every other year in different European countries, as shown below. The next meeting will be held in Zinnowitz, near Greifswald, Germany, in May 2011. Year Location Chair of LOC 1995 Les Houches, France J Derouard 1997 Bad Honnef, Germany F Döbele 1999 Saillon, Switzerland Ch Hollenstein 2001 Rolduc, The Netherlands R van de Sanden 2003 Specchia, Italy S De Benedictis 2005 Les Houches, France N Sadeghi 2007 Cumbria, United Kingdom M Bowden 2009 Blansko, Czech Republic F Krčma To favour brainstorming and extended discussions between participants, FLTPD meetings have always been organized in isolated locations with the number of attendees limited to about 70. Workshops are held over three and a half days with about ten expert presentations by invited speakers (a few from overseas), as well as short oral or poster contributions. This special issue of Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics contains 20 articles representative of contributions to the last FLTPD in Blansko. All invited speakers and others who gave presentations, as selected by the Scientific Committee, were invited

  17. An exploration of the relationship between teacher beliefs and practices: Lessons from a self-study of a fourth- and fifth-grade science teacher

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Connell, Shelley Sha'ron

    2007-12-01

    This study was an investigation of the relationship between teacher beliefs and teaching practices. The relationship was explored to address reported inconsistencies among teacher beliefs, teaching practices and reform goals reported over the past 30 years. A self-study methodology was employed to collect data in a fourth-grade (n = 12) and a fifth-grade (n = 7) class at a private elementary school. Data were collected using a reflective journal and the Traditional Versus Inquiry-Based Classroom Behaviors instrument. Self-data were triangulated with critical judgment data from focus groups and interviews with students, parents, and a peer teacher observer. Data were collected and analyzed in four segments: (a) teacher beliefs, (b) teaching practices, (c) congruency between teacher beliefs and teaching practices, and (d) factors that influence congruency. Teacher beliefs were listed at the start of the school year and analyzed in narrative format. Teaching practices were recorded in the journal and analyzed through coding. The relationship between beliefs and practices was explored on two levels, following Haney & McArthur's (2002) modified theory of planned behavior. First, congruency between beliefs and practices was determined, yielding beliefs that were either central (congruent with practices) or peripheral (incongruent with practices) to the author's belief system. Second, congruency between central beliefs and two categories of teaching principles was determined, yielding three subdivisions: constructivist core (congruent with constructivist principles), emerging core (congruent with general principles) and conflict core (incongruent with constructivist principles) beliefs. Data analysis showed 16 central beliefs (those congruent with practice) in operation. The study finding was that teacher beliefs and practices were largely congruent for this one teacher. This contrasted most published reports. Coupling application of the TPB and modified TPB, congruence

  18. How Consistent Are Course Grades? An Examination of Differential Grading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rauschenberg, Samuel

    2014-01-01

    Differential grading occurs when students in courses with the same content and curriculum receive inconsistent grades across teachers, schools, or districts. It may be due to many factors, including differences in teacher grading standards, district grading policies, student behavior, teacher stereotypes, teacher quality, and curriculum adherence.…

  19. Teacher Education Admission Requirements and Student Teacher Evaluations: Relationships among Grade Point Average, Praxis I Scores, and Student Teacher Final Evaluations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Alan C.

    2009-01-01

    Institutions of higher education attempt to select and prepare the finest K-12 teachers possible. National, state, and local influences also search for the best and brightest teacher candidates to become K-12 teachers. The result has been increased accountability measures to ensure quality. The selection process for admission to teacher education…

  20. Regulation of Flowering in Brachypodium distachyon (2013 DOE JGI Genomics of Energy and Environment 8th Annual User Meeting)

    SciTech Connect

    Amasino, Rick

    2013-03-01

    Rick Amasino of the University of Wisconsin on "Regulation of Flowering in Brachypodium distachyon" at the 8th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 27, 2013 in Walnut Creek, Calif.

  1. PMI: Plant-Microbe Interfaces (2013 DOE JGI Genomics of Energy and Environment 8th Annual User Meeting)

    SciTech Connect

    Schadt, Christopher

    2013-03-01

    Christopher Schadt of Oak Ridge National Laboratory on "Plant-Microbe Interactions" in the context of poplar trees at the 8th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 27, 2013 held in Walnut Creek, Calif.

  2. Improving biofuel feedstocks by modifying xylan biosynthesis (2013 DOE JGI Genomics of Energy and Environment 8th Annual User Meeting)

    SciTech Connect

    Lau, Jane

    2013-03-01

    Jane Lau of the Joint BioEnergy Institute on "Improving biofuel feedstocks by modifying xylan biosynthesis" at the 8th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 28, 2013 in Walnut Creek, Calif.

  3. Genomics of Climate Resilience (2013 DOE JGI Genomics of Energy and Environment 8th Annual User Meeting)

    SciTech Connect

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    2013-03-27

    Eldredge Bermingham of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute-Panama on "Genomics of climate resilience" at the 8th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 27, 2013 in Walnut Creek, Calif.

  4. Career Education Activities for Subject Area Teachers. Grades 1 through 6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawson, Jane; Finn, Peter

    Designed as a resource book which can be used to supplement the regular curriculum by integrating one or more career education activities into regularly taught courses, this volume for grades 1 through 6 is one of a series of three manuals, one each for the elementary (grades 1-6), junior high (grades 6-9), and senior high (grades 9-12) levels. It…

  5. Career Education Activities for Subject Area Teachers. Grades 6 through 9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finn, Peter; Lawson, Jane

    Designed as a resource book which can be used to supplement the regular curriculum by integrating one or more career education activities into regularly taught courses, this volume for grades 6 through 9 is one of a series of three manuals, one each for the elementary (grades 1-6), junior high (grades 6-9), and senior high (grades 9-l2) levels. It…

  6. Career Education Activities for Subject Area Teachers. Grades 9 through 12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finn, Peter; Lawson, Jane

    Designed as a resource book which can be used to supplement the regular curriculum by integrating one or more career education activities into regularly taught courses, this volume for grades 9 through 12 is one of a series of three manuals, one each for the elementary (grades 1-6), junior high (grades 6-9), and senior high (grades 9-12) levels.…

  7. PREFACE: 8th Asian International Seminar on Atomic and Molecular Physics (AISAMP)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Williams, Jim F.; Buckman, Steve; Bieske, Evan J.

    2009-09-01

    These proceedings arose from the 8th Asian International Seminar on Atomic and Molecular Physics (AISAMP) which was held at the University of Western Australia 24-28 November 2008. The history of AISAMP (Takayanagi and Matsuzawa 2002) recognizes its origin from the Japan-China meeting of 1985, and the first use of the name 'The First Asian International Seminar on Atomic and Molecular Physics (AISAMP)' in 1992. The initial attendees, Japan and China, were joined subsequently by scientists from Korea, Taiwan, India, Australia and recently by Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Turkey Iran, UK and USA. The main purpose of the biennial AISAMP series is to create a wide forum for exchanging ideas and information among atomic and molecular scientists and to promote international collaboration. The scope of the AISAMP8 meeting included pure, strategic and applied research involving atomic and molecular structure and processes in all forms of matter and antimatter. For 2008 the AISAMP conference incorporated the Australian Atomic and Molecular Physics and Quantum Chemistry meeting. The topics for AISAMP8 embraced themes from earlier AISAMP meetings and reflected new interests, in atomic and molecular structures, spectroscopy and collisions; atomic and molecular physics with laser or synchrotron radiation; quantum information processing using atoms and molecules; atoms and molecules in surface physics, nanotechnology, biophysics, atmospheric physics and other interdisciplinary studies. The implementation of the AISAMP themes, as well as the international representation of research interests, is indicated both in the contents list of these published manuscripts as well as in the program for the meeting. Altogether, 184 presentations were made at the 8th AISAMP, including Invited Talks and Contributed Poster Presentations, of which 60 appear in the present Proceedings after review by expert referees in accordance with the usual practice of Journal of Physics: Conference Series of

  8. First-Grade Teacher Behaviors and Children's Prosocial Actions in Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spivak, Asha L.; Farran, Dale C.

    2012-01-01

    Research Findings: This study examines whether specific teacher instructional practices in early education are associated with children's engagement in prosocial behavior. Teachers' verbal encouragement of prosocial behavior and empathy, emotional warmth, positive behavior management, vocabulary instruction, and encouragement of expressive…

  9. Waste in Place. A New Sequential Curriculum Covering the Behavioral Aspects of Waste Management for Grades K-6. [Teacher Background and Seven Units].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keep America Beautiful, Inc., New York, NY.

    "Waste in Place" is an interdisciplinary, sequential curriculum for kindergarten through sixth grade. The eight units in the curriculum (one offering background information for teachers and one for each grade level) offer students the opportunity to learn about proper management of solid waste and the role of the individual in determining the best…

  10. Effects of Technology Enhancements and Type of Teacher Support on Assessing Spanish-Speaking Children's Oral Reading Fluency in Second Grade

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    York, Mary J.; Foorman, Barbara R.; Santi, Kristi L.; Francis, David J.

    2011-01-01

    We examined student-, classroom-, and school-level effects in predicting second-grade Spanish-speaking children's oral reading fluency in Spanish. Teachers in 67 randomly selected urban schools administered the Tejas LEE to 1,537 first- and second-grade students. Oral reading fluency was measured in the passages students read for comprehension.…

  11. Time Is of the Essence: An Investigation of 4th and 5th Grade Teachers' Instructional Practices within the Literacy Block

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mercurio, Harry J.

    2014-01-01

    This qualitative study examined the amount of time that fourth and fifth grade teachers devoted to literacy instruction within the time allotted to them within the daily literacy block. Prior research of the literacy block focused largely on primary grades (Allington, McGill-Franzen et a1.,2010; Cunningham & Allington, 2003; Morrow, 1992);…

  12. Primary-Grade Teachers' Self-Efficacy Beliefs, Attitudes toward Teaching, and Discipline and Teaching Practice Priorities in Relation to the Responsive Classroom Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.; Sawyer, Brook E.

    2004-01-01

    In this study we examined the ways in which experience with a relational approach to education, the Responsive Classroom (RC) Approach, related to teachers' beliefs, attitudes, and teaching priorities. Questionnaire and Q-sort data were collected for a sample of 69 teachers in grades kindergarten through 3 at 6 schools (3 schools in their first…

  13. Links and Disconnects between Third Grade Teachers' Beliefs, Knowledge, and Practices Regarding Nonfiction Reading Comprehension Instruction for Struggling Readers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maxwell, Nicole P.

    2012-01-01

    In the current era of accountability, U.S. teachers face strict demands from No Child Left Behind (NCLB) to ensure that all students' reading achievement meets the requirements of their respective grade levels (Coburn, Pearson, & Woulfin, 2011). These demands are especially stressful when teachers have students who struggle with reading.…

  14. An Overview of Mission 21. A Program Designed To Assist Teachers in Integrating Technology into Their Present Curriculum through a Problem-Solving Approach. Grades 1 through 6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brusic, Sharon A.; And Others

    This booklet presents an overview of Mission 21, a project that promotes technological literacy in the elementary school classroom. Funded since 1985, Mission 21 has enabled graduate research associates and Virginia teachers to write and field test a technology education program for children in grades 1 through 6. Over 30 elementary teachers in 11…

  15. Teachers' Self-Efficacy in Mathematics and Teaching Mathematics, Instructional Practices, and the Mississippi Curriculum Test, Second Edition for Mathematics in Grades 3-5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yates, Tracy Hardwell

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this correlational study was to examine the relationship among the mathematical self-efficacies, mathematical teaching self-efficacies, and instructional practices of elementary teachers. This study was also designed to determine how these variables influence an individual teacher's QDI in relation to MCT2 math scores in grades 3-5.…

  16. The Cultural Exchange, A Cross-Cultural and Interdisciplinary Multicultural Education Curriculum for Grades 4-8. Trace Your Own Roots. Teacher Manual [and] Student Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nethery, Mary; And Others

    A teacher's manual and student booklet for investigating family genealogy is provided for grades 4-8. The teacher's manual lists student objectives, methods for introducing the unit, a parent letter, student tracking chart, materials needed, vocabulary, group activities, a culminating activity, and a list of additional resources. Students will…

  17. Present, Absent, or Tardy? A Study of the Barriers, Bridges, and Beliefs Concerning Environmental Education among a Cohort of Sixth Grade Teachers in Nova Scotia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spence, Elizabeth; Wright, Tarah; Castleden, Heather

    2013-01-01

    The increasing importance of formal environmental education underscores a teacher's role in the development of knowledge, attitudes, and actions toward nature. This qualitative study explores how a cohort of sixth grade teachers (18) in Nova Scotia conceptualize environmental education and perceive teaching challenges. Data were collected…

  18. The Informational Text Structure Survey (ITS[superscript 2]): An Exploration of Primary Grade Teachers' Sensitivity to Text Structure in Young Children's Informational Texts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reutzel, D. Ray; Jones, Cindy D.; Clark, Sarah K.; Kumar, Tamara

    2016-01-01

    There has been no research reported about if or how well primary grade teachers can identify information text structures in children's authentic informational texts. The ability to do so accurately and reliably is a prerequisite for teachers to be able to teach students how to recognize and use text structures to assist them in comprehending…

  19. The Relationship of Teachers' Assigned Marks to Tested Achievement among Elementary Grade, Racially Divergent Lower Socio-Economic Status Boys and Girls.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fish, Enrica

    An investigation was made of the relationship of achievement marks assigned by teachers to elementary grade, lower socioeconomic status boys and girls to pupils' (1) racial background, (2) sex, (3) intelligence quotient, and (4) tested achievement. Teacher marking procedures were studied. The rationale was to inquire whether or not characteristics…

  20. Validation of Scores from a New Measure of Preservice Teachers' Self-Efficacy to Teach Statistics in the Middle Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrell-Williams, Leigh M.; Sorto, M. Alejandra; Pierce, Rebecca L.; Lesser, Lawrence M.; Murphy, Teri J.

    2014-01-01

    The influential "Common Core State Standards for Mathematics" (CCSSM) expect students to start statistics learning during middle grades. Thus teacher education and professional development programs are advised to help preservice and in-service teachers increase their knowledge and confidence to teach statistics. Although existing…