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Sample records for 8x10 original negative

  1. 21. Photographic contact print from a 8x10 original negative. (Original ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    21. Photographic contact print from a 8x10 original negative. (Original drawing located on abandoned NASA site, currently owned by the City of Downey, Downey, California). 1954 NORTH AMERICAN AVIATION BUILDING 41 CONSTRUCTION LAYOUT. - NASA Industrial Plant, Missile Research Laboratory, 12214 Lakewood Boulevard, Downey, Los Angeles County, CA

  2. 8. Photographic contact print from a 8x10 original negative. (Original ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Photographic contact print from a 8x10 original negative. (Original drawing located on abandoned NASA site, currently owned by the City of Downey, Downey, California). 1956 RECORD DRAWINGS. NORTH AMERICAN AVAIATION INC, INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERS. 1956 BLDG 25 & BLDG 42 ELEVATIONS. - NASA Industrial Plant, Storage Facility, 12214 Lakewood Boulevard, Downey, Los Angeles County, CA

  3. 16. Photographic contact print from a 8x10 original negative. (Original ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    16. Photographic contact print from a 8x10 original negative. (Original drawing located on abandoned NASA site, currently owned by the City of Downey, Downey, California). 1956 RECORD DRAWINGS. NORTH AMERICAN AVAIATION INC, INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERS. BLDGS 10, 25, & 42 ELEVATIONS & FLOOR PLANS. - NASA Industrial Plant, Maintenance Facility, 12214 Lakewood Boulevard, Downey, Los Angeles County, CA

  4. 9. 8' X 10' Enlargement from 4' x 5' negative ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. 8' X 10' Enlargement from 4' x 5' negative Kevin Kriesel-Coons, Photographer PUMPS AFTER REMOVAL FROM PUMPHOUSE BEFORE EXCAVATION OF POND AREA IN 1989. PHOTOGRAPHED LYING ON GROUND NEAR CROSSCUT STEAM PLANT BUILDING. - Crosscut Steam Plant, Indian Bend Pond & Pump Ditch, North side Salt River near Mill Avenue & Washington Street, Tempe, Maricopa County, AZ

  5. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1942 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) BUILDING NO. 1 BOAT SHOP AND JOINER SHOP, ORIGINAL MACHINE LAYOUT AND DUST COLLECTING SYSTEM, SHEET 1 OF 1 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Ship Carpenter's Workshop, 368 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  6. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1983 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) CORRECT FIRE/SAFETY DEFICIENCIES, BUILDING NO. 1, FIRE PROTECTION CEILING PLANS, SHEET 2 OF 3 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Ship Carpenter's Workshop, 368 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  7. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1983 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) CORRECT FIRE/SAFETY DEFICIENCIES, BUILDING NO. 1, SECTIONS AND DETAILS, SHEET 3 OF 3 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Ship Carpenter's Workshop, 368 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  8. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1933 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) JOINER SHOP AND PUBLIC WORKS SHOP, BUILDING NO. 1, ARRANGEMENT OF EQUIPMENT - U.S. Naval Air Station, Ship Carpenter's Workshop, 368 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  9. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1966 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Structural repairs, Building No. 18 elevations, sheet 2 of 3 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Marine Barracks, 232 East Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  10. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1974 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Repairs and alterations to second floor, building No. 18, second floor plan (Area "B"), sheet 2 of 13 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Marine Barracks, 232 East Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  11. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1984 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Construct toilets, first deck building No. 18, Plans, Interior elevations and details, sheet 2 of 5 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Marine Barracks, 232 East Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  12. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1916 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) FREIGHT ELEVATOR, BUILDING NO. 1, GENERAL ARRANGEMENT, SHEET 1 OF 1 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Ship Carpenter's Workshop, 368 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  13. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1984 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Construct toilets, first deck building No. 18, Plans, Interior elevations and details, sheet 1 of 5 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Marine Barracks, 232 East Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  14. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1917 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) BUILDING NO. 1, FLOOR PLANS AND SECTION, SHEET NO. 1 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Ship Carpenter's Workshop, 368 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  15. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1992 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) INTERIOR REPAIR/RENOVATION OF BUILDING NO. 74, BUILDING SECTIONS, SHEET 7 OF 31 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Seaplane Hangar, 521 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  16. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1974 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Repairs and alterations to second floor, building No. 18, second floor plan (Area "A"), sheet 1 of 13 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Marine Barracks, 232 East Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  17. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1993 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) REPAIR AND RESTORATION OF BUILDING NO. 74, BUILDING SECTIONS, SHEET 7 OF 17 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Seaplane Hangar, 521 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  18. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1985 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Window replacement, building No. 18, Window elevations and details, Sheet 1 of 2 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Marine Barracks, 232 East Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  19. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1970 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) BUILDING NO. 74 VENTILATION OF GYMNASIUM, PLAN, ELEVATIONS AND DETAILS, SHEET 1 OF 1 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Seaplane Hangar, 521 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  20. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1981 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) OFFICE LAYOUT FOR BUILDING NO. 1, FIRST AND SECOND FLOOR PLANS, SHEET 1 OF 2 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Ship Carpenter's Workshop, 368 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  1. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1923 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) PLAN OF BUILDING NO. 1 JOINER, FABRIC AND PAINT SHOP, PROPOSED LOCATION OF RADIATORS - U.S. Naval Air Station, Ship Carpenter's Workshop, 368 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  2. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1933 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) QUARTERS M, ALTERATIONS TO NORTHEAST PORCH AND LOCATION OF RADIATORS - U.S. Naval Air Station, Captain's Quarters, Q-8 North Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  3. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1996 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Marine Complex, Building No. 18 Toilet/Shower room elevations, Sheet no. 21 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Marine Barracks, 232 East Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  4. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1917 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Building No. 18, Marine Barracks Sheet No. 1 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Marine Barracks, 232 East Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  5. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1996 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Marine Complex, Building No. 18, Plumbing, First floor plan- Area A, Sheet No. 35 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Marine Barracks, 232 East Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  6. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1989 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Interior renovation, Navy recruiting orientation unit, Building No. 45, Architectural second floor plan, Sheet 4 of 29 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Equipment Shops & Offices, 206 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  7. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1946 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) QUARTERS "M," REHABILITATION OF QUARTERS M, FLOOR PLAN, SHEET 1 OF 4 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Captain's Quarters, Q-8 North Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  8. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1941 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Building No. 18 Photographic School, ventilation, suspended ceiling plan and sections, sheet 6 of 9 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Marine Barracks, 232 East Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  9. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1969 original architectural drawing, for 1969 addition, located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) ARCHITECTURAL ELEVATIONS FOR ADDITION TO BUILDING NO. 604 FOR A CONSOLIDATED PLATING FACILITY, SHEET 7 OF 135. - U.S. Naval Air Station, Assembly & Repair Shop, East Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  10. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1943 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Alterations and additions to Building No. 18 (East side), roof framing plan and elevations, sheet 3 of 7 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Marine Barracks, 232 East Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  11. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1989 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Interior renovation, Navy recruiting orientation unit, Building No. 45, Architectural floor plan and general notes, Sheet 2 of 29 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Equipment Shops & Offices, 206 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  12. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1991 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) INTERIOR MODIFICATION SECOND FLOOR, BUILDING NO. 1, ARCHITECTURAL PLANS, SECTIONS AND SCHEDULES, SHEET 1 OF 3 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Ship Carpenter's Workshop, 368 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  13. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1989 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Interior renovation, Navy recruiting orientation unit, Building No. 45, Architectural third floor plan, Sheet 5 of 29 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Equipment Shops & Offices, 206 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  14. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1990 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Quarters "4" as built floor plans, architectural floor plan (second floor), sheet 2 of 2 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Senior Officers' Quarters Q-4, Q-4 North Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  15. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1956 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS, Pensacola, Florida) QUARTERS Q-8 FLOOR PLAN, SHEET 1 OF 1 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Captain's Quarters, Q-8 North Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  16. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1944 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Photographic school building No. 18, air conditioning small dark room, first floor plan, sheet 1 of 2 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Marine Barracks, 232 East Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  17. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1991 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Replace windows, Building No. 45, Architectural building elevations, Sheet 2 of 2 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Equipment Shops & Offices, 206 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  18. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1987 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) RENOVATED STORAGE AREA, MEZZANINE LEVEL, BUILDING NO. 1, ARCHITECTURAL FLOOR PLAN AND DETAILS, SHEET 1 OF 2 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Ship Carpenter's Workshop, 368 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  19. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1989 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Interior renovation, Navy recruiting orientation unit, Building No. 45, Architectural floor plan and window details, Sheet 3 of 29 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Equipment Shops & Offices, 206 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  20. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1945 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) North addition to building No. 18, ventilation, plans and details, sheet 1 of 1 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Marine Barracks, 232 East Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  1. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1990 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Quarters "4" as built floor plans, architectural floor plan (first floor), sheet 1 of 2 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Senior Officers' Quarters Q-4, Q-4 North Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  2. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1993 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) REPAIR AND RESTORATION OF BUILDING NO. 74, ARCHITECTURAL FLOOR PLAN, SHEET 5 OF 17 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Seaplane Hangar, 521 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  3. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1935 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) ASSEMBLY AND REPAIR SHOP, ROOF PLAN OF HANGARS AND SECOND STORY WINGS, DETAILS OF EXPANSION JOINTS, SHEET 4 OF 115. - U.S. Naval Air Station, Assembly & Repair Shop, East Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  4. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1904 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Building No. 45, Shops and offices for equipment, Steel work, Sheet 10 of 19 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Equipment Shops & Offices, 206 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  5. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1875 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Officers quarters US Navy Yard Pensacola, Partition Wall Quarters B, C, D, E, H, K, M - U.S. Naval Air Station, Senior Officers' Quarters Q-4, Q-4 North Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  6. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1875 original architectural drawing located at NARA) Officers quarters US Navy Yard Pensacola, partition wall quarters B, C,D,E,H,K,M - U.S. Naval Air Station, Senior Officers' Quarters Q-2, Q-2 North Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  7. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1971 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Replacement windows for Building No. 45, Window details, sheet 3 of 3 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Equipment Shops & Offices, 206 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  8. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1952 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Conversion of Building No. 18 for overhaul and repair department electronics shop, elevations and details, sheet 2 of 21 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Marine Barracks, 232 East Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  9. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1952 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Conversion of Building No. 18 for overhaul and repair department electronics shop, second floor equipment plan, sheet 7 of 21 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Marine Barracks, 232 East Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  10. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1952 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Conversion of Building No. 18 for overhaul and repair department electronics shop, section, elevations and details, sheet 3 of 21 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Marine Barracks, 232 East Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  11. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1944 original architectural drawing, for 1944 addition, located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) PLANS FOR ADDITION TO BUILDING NO. 604 FOR DROP HAMMER SHOP AND ADDITION TO CLEANING SHOP AND EXTERIOR SERVICE PLAN, SHEET 1 OF 22. - U.S. Naval Air Station, Assembly & Repair Shop, East Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  12. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1969 original architectural drawing, for 1969 addition, located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) ARCHITECTURAL SECOND FLOOR PLAN FOR ADDITION TO BUILDING NO. 604 FOR A CONSOLIDATED PLATING FACILITY, SHEET 5 OF 135. - U.S. Naval Air Station, Assembly & Repair Shop, East Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  13. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1943 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Alterations and additions to Building No. 18 (East side) Plumbing, heating and ventilation, first floor plan and details, sheet 5 of 7 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Marine Barracks, 232 East Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  14. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1969 original architectural drawing, for 1969 addition, located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) ARCHITECTURAL FIRST FLOOR PLAN FOR ADDITION TO BUILDING NO. 604 FOR A CONSOLIDATED PLATING FACILITY, SHEET 4 OF 135. - U.S. Naval Air Station, Assembly & Repair Shop, East Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  15. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1989 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Renovation and revised office layout, Building No. 45, third floor, architectural floor plans, details and schedules, Sheet 1 of 3 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Equipment Shops & Offices, 206 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  16. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1940 original architectural drawing by The W.F. Jackson Company, Inc. Engineers of Atlanta, Georgia, located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) LOCATION PLAN, TRANSVERSE SECTION, SCHEDULES FOR LAUNDRY, BUILDING NO. 636, SHEET 5 OF 26. - U.S. Naval Air Station, Laundry, 110 Center Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  17. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1940 original architectural drawing by The W.F. Jackson Company, Inc. Engineers of Atlanta, Georgia, located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) ELEVATIONS FOR LAUNDRY, BUILDING NO. 636, SHEET 4 OF 26. - U.S. Naval Air Station, Laundry, 110 Center Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  18. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1940 original architectural drawing by The W.F. Jackson Company, Inc. Engineers of Atlanta, Georgia, located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) FIRST FLOOR PLAN FOR LAUNDRY, BUILDING NO. 636, SHEET 2 OF 26. - U.S. Naval Air Station, Laundry, 110 Center Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  19. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1940 original architectural drawing by The W.F. Jackson Company, Inc. Engineers of Atlanta, Georgia, located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) EXTERIOR DETAILS FOR LAUNDRY, BUILDING NO. 636, SHEET 6 OF 26. - U.S. Naval Air Station, Laundry, 110 Center Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  20. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1952 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Conversion of Building No. 18 for overhaul and repair department electronics shop. first and second floor plan sheet 1 of 21 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Marine Barracks, 232 East Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  1. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8' x 10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1952 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Conversion of Building No. 18 for overhaul and repair department electronics shop, existing first and second floor plan, sheet 9 of 21 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Marine Barracks, 232 East Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  2. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" negative; 1871 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) TEMPORARY OFFICERS QUARTERS GROUND PLANS OF KITCHENS TO OFFICERS QUARTERS - U.S. Naval Air Station, Captain's Quarters, Q-8 North Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  3. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; no date original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Repairs to radial brick chimney, building No. 47, sheet 2 of 2 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Power Plant, 328 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  4. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1909 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Proposed arrangement of engine room floor for central power house building No. 47 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Power Plant, 328 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  5. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1932 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Power House Building No. 47, concrete, subway grating and steel for floor - U.S. Naval Air Station, Power Plant, 328 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  6. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1973 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Demolition of equipment, building No. 47, plans, sheet 1 of 1 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Power Plant, 328 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  7. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1965 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Structural repairs to building No. 47, Masonry and miscellaneous repairs, sheet 3 of 5 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Power Plant, 328 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  8. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1918 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Building No. 47 central power plant, proposed general arrangement, sheet No. 1 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Power Plant, 328 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  9. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1917 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Building No. 47 central power plant, sheet No. 1 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Power Plant, 328 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  10. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1907 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Plan showing floor for basement and support for machinery foundations, central power house building No. 47 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Power Plant, 328 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  11. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1945 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Central power plant building No. 47, installation of deaerating feedwater heater, feedwater tower and platforms, sheet 2 of 7 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Power Plant, 328 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  12. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1965 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Structural repairs to building No. 47, column replacement and insulation repair, sheet 4 of 5 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Power Plant, 328 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  13. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1965 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Structural repairs to building No. 47, masonry and miscellaneous repairs, sheet 2 of 5 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Power Plant, 328 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  14. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1941 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Building No. 47, new office space, plan, elevations, section and details, sheet 1 of 2 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Power Plant, 328 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  15. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1965 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Structural repairs to building No. 47, roof truss system painting, sheet 1 of 5 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Power Plant, 328 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  16. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1980 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Modifications to office space, building No. 47 plans, sections and details, general notes, sheet 2 of 3 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Power Plant, 328 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  17. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1905 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida)Central power house building No. 47, erection diagram, sheet E-1 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Power Plant, 328 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  18. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1940 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Lean-to at south side of building No. 47. Floor plan and details, sheet 1 of 2. - U.S. Naval Air Station, Power Plant, 328 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  19. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1940 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Lean-to at south side of building No. 47, elevations, section and details, sheet 2 of 2 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Power Plant, 328 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  20. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1909 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Central power station building No. 47, reinforced concrete floor, location plan, sheet 1 of 7 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Power Plant, 328 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  1. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1907 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Central power station building No. 47, General arrangement of machinery - U.S. Naval Air Station, Power Plant, 328 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  2. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1993 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Repair chimney, building No. 47, architectural elevations, exterior plan, details, genera notes, sheet 2 of 3 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Power Plant, 328 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  3. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; mircofilm of 1936 original architectural drawing located located at NARA) Repairs to chimneys, central power plant and naval hospital. - U.S. Naval Air Station, Power Plant, 328 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  4. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is and 8' x10' copy of an 8' x 10' negative; 1940 original architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) Central power plant building No. 47, electrical work, salt water pumps, auxiliary bus and fire pump, plan, details and changes, sheet 1 of 1. - U.S. Naval Air Station, Power Plant, 328 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  5. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1984 architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) BUILDING SECTIONS FOR MODERN MANUFACTURE AND REPAIR SHOP, BUILDING NO. 604, SHEET 10 OF 121. - U.S. Naval Air Station, Assembly & Repair Shop, East Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  6. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1945 architectural drawing located at NAS Pensacola, Florida, Building No. 458) ROMAN CATHOLIC CHAPEL, BUILDING NO. 322, PLAN AND SECTIONS FOR VENTILATION IMPROVEMENTS, SHEET 1 OF 1. - U.S. Naval Air Station, YMCA Building, West Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  7. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1996 architectural drawing located at NAS Pensacola, Florida, Building No. 458) MARINE COMPLEX, BUILDING NO. 52, FIRST AND SECOND FLOOR PLANS INDICATING COMMUNICATION LINES AND CONNECTIONS, SHEET45. - U.S. Naval Air Station, Paint Shop, 222 East Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  8. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1987 architectural drawing located at NAS Pensacola, Florida, Building No. 51) EMERGENCY POWER TO BUILDING NO. 51, SHEET 1 OF 1 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Locomotive Shed, South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  9. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1934 architectural drawing located at NAS Pensacola, Florida, Building No. 38-A) BLACKSMITH SHOP, BUILDING NO. 38-A, ELECTRIC LIGHTING, WIRING DIAGRAM AND PLAN - U.S. Naval Air Station, Blacksmith Shop, South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  10. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; microfilm of 1908 architectural drawing located at National Archives and Records Administration at College Park, Maryland NARA) PLUMBING ARRANGEMENT FOR QUARTERS M AND K, SHEET 1 OF 4 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Captain's Quarters, Q-8 North Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  11. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1948 architectural drawing located at NAS Pensacola, Florida, Building No. 38-A) NAVAL AIR STATION BUILDINGS NO. 38-A, MODIFICATION TO VENTILATION SYSTEM, PLAN AND SECTIONS, SHEET 1 OF 1 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Blacksmith Shop, South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  12. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; microfilm of 1935 architectural drawing located at NARA) QUARTERS "M" FLOOR PLAN, SHEET 1 OF 1 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Captain's Quarters, Q-8 North Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  13. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1963 architectural drawing located at NAS Pensacola, Florida, Building No. 458) BUILDING NO. 107 ELEVATIONS AND WLL SECTION FOR ADDITIONAL PROCESS FACILITIES, SHEET 1 OF 7. - U.S. Naval Air Station, Refrigeration Plant, Center Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  14. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1963 architectural drawing located at NAS Pensacola, Florida, Building No. 458) BUILDING NO. 107 PLANS, DETAILS, AND SCHEDULES FOR ADDITIONAL PROCESS FACILITIES, SHEET 2 OF 7. - U.S. Naval Air Station, Refrigeration Plant, Center Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  15. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; undated architectural drawing located at NAS Pensacola, Florida, Building No. 458) PLAN AND SECTION OF 23 FOOT EXTENSION TO BUILDING NO. 107. - U.S. Naval Air Station, Refrigeration Plant, Center Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  16. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1960 architectural drawing located at NAS Pensacola, Florida, Building No. 458) BUILDING NO. 107 DETAILS OF EXTRUDER, RUBBER PRESS AND VENTILATION INSTALLATIONS, SHEET 3 OF 6. - U.S. Naval Air Station, Refrigeration Plant, Center Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  17. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1963 architectural drawing located at NAS Pensacola, Florida, Building No. 458) BUILDING NO. 107 EQUIPMENT LOCATION FOR ADDITIONAL PROCESS FACILITIES, SHEET 3 OF 7. - U.S. Naval Air Station, Refrigeration Plant, Center Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  18. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; microfilm of 1917 architectural drawing located at NARA) AEROPLANE HANGARS, 100 X 216 HANGAR, STEEL STAIR AND PLUMBING DETAILS, SHEET 10 OF 18 - U.S. Naval Air Station, Seaplane Hangar, 521 South Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  19. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1923 architectural drawing located at NAS Pensacola, Florida, Building No. 458) PLAN FOR BUILDING NO. 107 WITH DIAGRAM OF AMMONIA REFRIGERATION SYSTEM. - U.S. Naval Air Station, Refrigeration Plant, Center Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  20. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1975 architectural drawing located at NAS Pensacola, Florida, Building No. 458) MECHANICAL PLAN, ELECTRICAL PLAN, FLOOR PLAN AND DETAILS FOR ALTERATIONS TO BUILDING NO. 322, SHEET 1 OF 1. - U.S. Naval Air Station, YMCA Building, West Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  1. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8" x 10" copy of an 8" x 10" negative; 1961 architectural drawing located at Building No. 458, NAS Pensacola, Florida) RELOCATION OF OFFICE SPACES FOR BUILDING NO. 636, FLOOR PLANS, FRAMING PLAN, AND DETAILS, SHEET 1 OF 2. - U.S. Naval Air Station, Laundry, 110 Center Avenue, Pensacola, Escambia County, FL

  2. 3. Photocopy of a broadside (approximately 8' x 10 1/2') ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Photocopy of a broadside (approximately 8' x 10 1/2') from 1845-47, issued by Wagner & McGuigan's Lith. (Original in the Chester County Historical Society, West Chester, Pennsylvania) Photocopy taken by Ned Goode, May 1959 LITHOGRAPH OF TAVERN COMPLEX CIRCA 1845 - Yellow Springs Tavern, Yellow Springs & Art School Roads (West Pikeland Township), Chester Springs, Chester County, PA

  3. 24. A black and white photograph, 8" x 10" on ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    24. A black and white photograph, 8" x 10" on glossy paper. The label on face, black type-script "Floor Display, Terre Haute Gas", on reverse, in red pencil "3/23/56", "Terre Haute Gas Corporation", rubber stamp in blue ink, in white paper-backed acetate sleeve. Property of Indiana Gas Company, located in the Terre Haute office. - John T. Beasley Building, 632 Cherry Street (between Sixth & Seventh Streets), Terre Haute, Vigo County, IN

  4. Photograph No. FL1259 is an 8' x 10" enlargement from ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photograph No. FL-12-59 is an 8' x 10" enlargement from a 4" x 5" negative. Photocopy of drawing (1937 construction drawing by State of Florida State Road Department in possession of Florida Department of Transportation District 3 Office, Chipley, Florida) STANDARD CONCRETE HANDRAIL, SHOWING PLAN, ELEVATION, AND DETAILS - Apalachicola River Bridge, State Route 20 spanning the Apalachicola River, Blountstown, Calhoun County, FL

  5. An 8 x 10 to the 5th bit bubble memory cell for spacecraft applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Becker, F. J.; Murray, G. W.; Bohning, O. D.; Stermer, R. L.

    1980-01-01

    A multiple chip magnetic bubble memory cell design developed for NASA embodies the low power, low weight, environmental tolerance and reliability necessary for successful operation in spacecraft launch and mission environments. Packaging of multiple chips in a common magnetic bias, drive coil assembly reduces weight and volume overhead per chip and also reduces the number of coil drive components required. This 8 x 10 to the 5th bit cell is conduction cooled and provides a metal and ceramic sealed hermetic chip environment.

  6. 5. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8''x 10'' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8''x 10'' contact print; December, 1990 as built drawing by M. Villafane, in possession of the Highway System Administration Office of the Puerto Rico Highway and Transportation Authority) Bridge over Rio Grande de Arecibo, Route no. 2 Km. 74.75. Arecibo, P.R. Bridge no. 44. no. 3 of 4. - Puente del Rio Grande de Arecibo, Spanning Rio Grande de Arecibo Channel, Cambalache neighborhood, Arecibo, Arecibo Municipio, PR

  7. 11. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8''x 10''contact ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8''x 10''contact print; February 7, 1989 revision of a September, 1986 as built drawing by D. Monclova, in possession of the Highway Administration Office of the Puerto Rico Highway and Transportation Authority) Bridge over Santiago (sic) Channel, Route no. 2 km. 75.50, Arecibo, P.R. Bridge no. 53. No. 1 of 2. - Puente del Caño Carate, Spanning Cano Carate Channel, Arecibo, Arecibo Municipio, PR

  8. 15. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8''x 10'' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8''x 10'' contact print; November 1, 1993 revision of a May, 1982 as built drawing by M. Villafane, in possession of the Highway System Administration Office of the Puerto Rico Highway and Transportation Authority) Bridge over Perdomo Channel, Road no. P.R.2, Km. 75.60, Arecibo, P.R. no. 3 of 3. - Puente del Caño Perdomo, Route PR-2 spanning Cano Perdomo Channel, Arecibo, Arecibo Municipio, PR

  9. 14. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8''x 10'' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8''x 10'' contact print; November 1, 1993 revision of a May, 1982 as built drawing by M. Villafane, in possession of the Highway System Administration Office of the Puerto Rico Highway and Transportation Authority) Bridge over Perdomo Channel, Road no. P.R.2, Km. 75.60, Arecibo, P.R. no. 2 of 3. - Puente del Caño Perdomo, Route PR-2 spanning Cano Perdomo Channel, Arecibo, Arecibo Municipio, PR

  10. 3. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8''x 10'' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8''x 10'' contact print; February, 1989 revision of a December 11, 1973 as built drawing by A. Rivera-Cruz, in possession of the Highway System Administration Office of the Puerto Rico Highway and Transportation Authority) Bridge over Rio Grande de Arecibo, Arecibo, P.R., Road no. 2, Km. 75.00 - Puente del Caño San Francisco, Spanning Cano San Francisco (Rio Grande de Arecibo), Arecibo, Arecibo Municipio, PR

  11. 4. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8''x 10'' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8''x 10'' contact print; January, 1995 revision of a July 11, 1973 as built drawing by A. Rivera-Cruz, in possession of the Highway System Administration Office of the Puerto Rico Highway and Transportation Authority) Bridge over Rio Grande de Arecibo, Route no. 2 Km. 74.75. Bridge no. 44. no. 2 of 4. - Puente del Rio Grande de Arecibo, Spanning Rio Grande de Arecibo Channel, Cambalache neighborhood, Arecibo, Arecibo Municipio, PR

  12. 13. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8''x 10'' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8''x 10'' contact print; November 1, 1993 revision of a May, 1982 as built drawing by M. Villafane, in possession of the Highway System Administration Office of the Puerto Rico Highway and Transportation Authority) Bridge over Perdomo Channel, Road no. P.R.2, Km. 75.60, Arecibo, P.R. no. 1 of 3. - Puente del Caño Perdomo, Route PR-2 spanning Cano Perdomo Channel, Arecibo, Arecibo Municipio, PR

  13. 12. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8''x 10''contact ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8''x 10''contact print; September, 1986 as built drawing by D. Monclova, in possession of the Highway Administration Office of the Puerto Rico Highway and Transportation Authority) Bridge over Santiago (sic) Channel, Route no. 2 km. 75.50, Arecibo, P.R. Bridge no. 53. No. 2 of 2. - Puente del Caño Carate, Spanning Cano Carate Channel, Arecibo, Arecibo Municipio, PR

  14. 6. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8''x 10'' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8''x 10'' contact print; January 4, 1995 revision of a February, 1992 as built drawing by M. Villafane, in possession of the Highway System Administration Office of the Puerto Rico Highway and Transportation Authority) Bridge over Rio Grande de Arecibo, Route no. 2 Km. 74.75. Arecibo, P.R. Bridge no. 44. no. 4 of 4. - Puente del Rio Grande de Arecibo, Spanning Rio Grande de Arecibo Channel, Cambalache neighborhood, Arecibo, Arecibo Municipio, PR

  15. 3. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8''x 10'' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Photocopy of drawing (this photograph is an 8''x 10'' contact print; January, 1995 revision of a October 31, 1973 as built drawing by A. Rivera-Cruz, in possession of the Highway System Administration Office of the Puerto Rico Highway and Transportation Authority) Bridge over Rio Grande de Arecibo, Route no. 2 Arecibo Km. 74.40. Bridge no. 44 no. 1 of 4. - Puente del Rio Grande de Arecibo, Spanning Rio Grande de Arecibo Channel, Cambalache neighborhood, Arecibo, Arecibo Municipio, PR

  16. 19 CFR 10.825 - Issuance of negative origin determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Issuance of negative origin determinations. 10.825... Free Trade Agreement Origin Verifications and Determinations § 10.825 Issuance of negative origin... together with the identifying numbers and dates of the export and import documents pertaining to the...

  17. 19 CFR 10.551 - Issuance of negative origin determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Issuance of negative origin determinations. 10.551...-Singapore Free Trade Agreement Origin Verifications and Determinations § 10.551 Issuance of negative origin... the identifying numbers and dates of the import documents pertaining to the good; (b) A...

  18. Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab Collection). March 2005. BEVATRON SHIELDING - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  19. Credit WCT. Original 2'" x 2%" color negative is housed ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Credit WCT. Original 2-'" x 2-%" color negative is housed in the JPL Photography Laboratory, Pasadena, California. This view shows the propellant cutter as it was originally installed (JPL negative no. 381-2274A, 29 June 1962) - Jet Propulsion Laboratory Edwards Facility, Preparation Building, Edwards Air Force Base, Boron, Kern County, CA

  20. Credit WCT. Original 4" x 5" black and white negative ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Credit WCT. Original 4" x 5" black and white negative is housed in the JPL Archives, Pasadena, California. This view shows the original furnace for burning scrap propellant, the surrounding incinerator pit, and the earth mound personnel shield (JPL negative no. 381-2737, 11 February 1963) - Jet Propulsion Laboratory Edwards Facility, Incinerator, Edwards Air Force Base, Boron, Kern County, CA

  1. The Origins of Positive and Negative in Electricity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jensen, William B.

    2005-01-01

    Benjamin Franklin first introduced the terms positive and negative into electrical theory in the year 1747. The positive and negative terms originally had nothing to do with inherent electrical charge, but rather indicated which object had an excess of electrical fluid indicating positive, and which had a deficiency, indicating negative.

  2. 4. Photocopy of negative (original in possession of Western Archeological ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. Photocopy of negative (original in possession of Western Archeological and Conservation Center (WACC), Tucson, Arizona), photographer unknown, c.1920's RARE VIEW OF BUNKHOUSE LOOKING SOUTHEAST - Faraway Ranch, Guest Quarters-Bunkhouse, Willcox, Cochise County, AZ

  3. Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab Collection). March 2005. CENTRAL SUPPORT COLUMN EXTENDING THROUGH CRANES AND ROOF SUPPORT TRUSS, BEVATRON - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  4. Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab Collection). March 2005. GENERATOR MOTORS OPPOSITE SWITCHGEAR RACKS, MECHANIC SECTION, BEVATRON - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  5. Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab Collection). March 2005. SWITCHGEAR, MECHANICAL SECTION, BEVATRON - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  6. Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab Collection). March 2005. CABLE RACEWAYS, CATWALK, AND WINDOWS OF OFFICE-AND-SHOPS SECTION, BEVATRON - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  7. Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab Collection). March 2005. ROOF BLOCKS, BEVATRON - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  8. Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab Collection). March 2005. REMNANTS OF HYDRAULIC FIXTURES, FAN ROOM, BEVATRON - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  9. Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab Collection). March 2005. SWITCHGEAR AND POWER GENERATOR MOTORS, MECHANICAL SECTION, BEVATRON - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  10. Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab Collection). March 2005. PUMP MOUNTS, FAN ROOM, BEVATRON - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  11. Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab Collection). March 2005. STUB OF BEAMLINE EXITING SHIELDING, BEVATRON - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  12. Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab Collection). March 2005. STAIRWAY FROM MAIN FLOOR OF 51A TO SECOND FLOOR EXTERIOR EXIT, BEVATRON - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  13. Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab Collection). March 2005. SWITCHGEAR AND POWER GENERATOR MOTORS, BEVATRON - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  14. Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab Collection). March 2005. GENERATOR ROOM, MECHANICAL SECTION, BEVATRON - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  15. 9. Photocopy of circa 1876 photograph (original stereo pair negative ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Photocopy of circa 1876 photograph (original stereo pair negative in the possession of Onondaga Historical Association) Mercer, Photographer NORTH FRONT AND EAST SIDE FROM EAST GATE - Syracuse University, Hall of Languages, Syracuse University Campus, Syracuse, Onondaga County, NY

  16. 8. Photocopy of circa 1876 photograph (original stereo pair negative ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Photocopy of circa 1876 photograph (original stereo pair negative in the possession of Onondaga Historical Association) Mercer, Photographer DISTANT VIEW OF NORTH FRONT - Syracuse University, Hall of Languages, Syracuse University Campus, Syracuse, Onondaga County, NY

  17. 5. Photocopy of negative (original in possession of Western Archeological ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Photocopy of negative (original in possession of Western Archeological and Conservation Center (WACC), Tucson, Arizona), photographer unknown, undated BARN AND CORRAL LOOKING NORTHEAST - Faraway Ranch, Barn & Tool Shed, Willcox, Cochise County, AZ

  18. 3. Photocopy of 1977 photograph (original negative lost) 2307 (AT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Photocopy of 1977 photograph (original negative lost) 2307 (AT EXTREME RIGHT) THROUGH 2319 CHAPLINE STREET - Chapline Street Row Historic District, 2301-2319 Chapline Street, Wheeling, Ohio County, WV

  19. Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab Collection). March 2005. WALL AND WINDOW OVERLOOKING MAGNET ROOM, SECOND STORY OFFICE-AND-SHOPS SECTION, BEVATRON - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  20. Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab Collection). March 2005. MAGNET OF BEAMLINE, EXITING SHIELDING, BEVATRON - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  1. Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab Collection). March 2005. END OF BEAMLINE LEAVING SHIELDING, MAGNET COILS IN EPOXY, BEVATRON - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  2. Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab Collection). March 2005. BEVATRON IN CENTER OF MAGNET ROOM - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  3. Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab Collection). March 2005. ENTRANCE TO STAIRWAY TO TUNNEL UNDER MAIN FLOOR OF MAGNET ROOM, BEVATRON - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  4. Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab Collection). March 2005. SIDE OF MAGNET OF BEAMLINE EXITING SHIELDING, BEVATRON - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  5. Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab Collection). March 2005. FLOOR AND CEILING OF MAGNET ROOM, BEVATRON - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  6. 7. Photocopy of photograph, original negative in the possession of ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Photocopy of photograph, original negative in the possession of John R. Morison, Peterborough, New Hampshire. Photographer unknown circa June, 1887. PILE DRIVER BUILDING TEMPORARY RAIL TRESTLE - Rulo Bridge, Spanning Missouri River, Rulo, Richardson County, NE

  7. Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab Collection). March 2005. STAIRWAY FROM MAIN FLOOR TO SECOND FLOOR OF MECHANICAL WINE, BEVATRON - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  8. 2. Photocopy of negative (original in possession of Western Archeological ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Photocopy of negative (original in possession of Western Archeological and Conservation Center (WACC), Tucson, Arizona), photographer unknown, undated CHILDREN POISED AT EDGE OF FILLED SWIMMING POOL - Faraway Ranch, Swimming Pool, Willcox, Cochise County, AZ

  9. 20. Photocopy of negative (original in possession of WACC), photographer ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    20. Photocopy of negative (original in possession of WACC), photographer unknown, c.1920's BOY WITH DEER STANDING IN EAST YARD OF MAIN HOUSE WITH WELL AND SCREENED PORCH PICTURED IN LEFT BACKGROUND - Faraway Ranch, Willcox, Cochise County, AZ

  10. 88. Reproduction from glass plate negative (original in Modjeski and ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    88. Reproduction from glass plate negative (original in Modjeski and Masters office, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, Modjeski Collection, No. 4, not dated) LOOKING DOWNSTREAM - Burlington Northern Railroad Bridge, Spanning Willamette River at River Mile 6.9, Portland, Multnomah County, OR

  11. 6. Photocopy of photograph, original negative in the possession of ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Photocopy of photograph, original negative in the possession of John R. Morison, Peterborough, New Hampshire. Photographer unknown circa June, 1887. AIR CHAMBER AND PNEUMATIC PUMP ABOARD THE STEAMER JOHN BERTRAM - Rulo Bridge, Spanning Missouri River, Rulo, Richardson County, NE

  12. Credit WCT. Original 2'" x 2'" color negative is housed ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Credit WCT. Original 2-'" x 2-'" color negative is housed in the JPL Photography Laboratory, Pasadena, California. View shows small autoclave demonstrated by JPL staff member Milton Clay (JPL negative no. JPL-10286AC, 27 January 1989). - Jet Propulsion Laboratory Edwards Facility, Liner Laboratory, Edwards Air Force Base, Boron, Kern County, CA

  13. 7. Photocopy of photograph (location of original negative unknown) Unknown, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Photocopy of photograph (location of original negative unknown) Unknown, Photographer, Date Unknown PERSPECTIVE VIEW (SOUTHEAST) FROM ORIGINAL SITE SHOWING THIRTEEN LIQUIDAMBAR TREES (FOREGROUND) AND NORTH AND WEST SIDES OF HOUSE AS LOCATED AND ALTERED AT PRESENT SITE (ENTRANCE STAIRS FROM ORIGINAL SOUTH FRONT MOVED TO PRESENT WEST FRONT) - Hamilton Grange, (Moved From) 237 West 141 Street to 141st Street & Amsterdam, New York County, NY

  14. 3. Photographic copy of photograph (ca. 1955, original negative found ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Photographic copy of photograph (ca. 1955, original negative found in Beierle Barn, now on file at New Denver International Airport Office, Stapleton International Ariport, Denver, CO). VIEW OF RESIDENCE AND FARM, LOOKING NORTHEAST. - Beierle Farm, Hudson Road & Ninety-Sixth Avenue, Denver, Denver County, CO

  15. 19 CFR 10.928 - Issuance of negative origin determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Issuance of negative origin determinations. 10.928 Section 10.928 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United...

  16. 19 CFR 10.928 - Issuance of negative origin determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Issuance of negative origin determinations. 10.928 Section 10.928 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United...

  17. 19 CFR 10.928 - Issuance of negative origin determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Issuance of negative origin determinations. 10.928 Section 10.928 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United...

  18. Photocopy of photograph (original negative in possession of LSA Associates, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative in possession of LSA Associates, Irvine, California) Rebecca Conard, Photographer, January 1989 EAST (FRONT) AND NORTH SIDE, LOOKING SOUTHWEST - Irvine Ranch Agricultural Headquarters, Boyd Tenant House, Southeast of Intersection of San Diego & Santa Ana Freeways, Irvine, Orange County, CA

  19. Copy Photograph (original negative in possession of LSA Associates, Irvine, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Copy Photograph (original negative in possession of LSA Associates, Irvine, California) Rebecca Conard, Photographer, January 1989 STORAGE SHED, WEST (FRONT), LOOKING EAST - Irvine Ranch Agricultural Headquarters, Boyd Tenant House, Southeast of Intersection of San Diego & Santa Ana Freeways, Irvine, Orange County, CA

  20. Photocopy of photograph (original negative in possession of LSA Associates, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative in possession of LSA Associates, Irvine, California) Dana Privett, Photographer, August 1982 WEST (REAR), LOOKING EAST - Irvine Ranch Agricultural Headquarters, Boyd Tenant House, Southeast of Intersection of San Diego & Santa Ana Freeways, Irvine, Orange County, CA

  1. Photocopy of photograph (original negative in possession of LSA Associates, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative in possession of LSA Associates, Irvine, California) Rebecca Conard, Photographer, January 1989 SOUTH SIDE AND YARD, FACING NORTHEAST - Irvine Ranch Agricultural Headquarters, Boyd Tenant House, Southeast of Intersection of San Diego & Santa Ana Freeways, Irvine, Orange County, CA

  2. Photocopy of photograph (original negative in possession of LSA Associates, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative in possession of LSA Associates, Irvine, California) Beth Padon, photographer, 1985 WEST (REAR) IN RELATION TO GARAGE, LOOKING NORTH - Irvine Ranch Agricultural Headquarters, Boyd Tenant House, Southeast of Intersection of San Diego & Santa Ana Freeways, Irvine, Orange County, CA

  3. Photocopy of photograph (original negative in possession of LSA Associates, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative in possession of LSA Associates, Irvine, California) Rebecca Conard, Photographer, January 1989 WINDOW DETAIL, NORTH SIDE, LOOKING SOUTH - Irvine Ranch Agricultural Headquarters, Boyd Tenant House, Southeast of Intersection of San Diego & Santa Ana Freeways, Irvine, Orange County, CA

  4. Photocopy of photograph (original negative in possession of LSA Associates, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative in possession of LSA Associates, Irvine, California) Rebecca Conard, Photographer, January 1989 NORTH SIDE, FROM (REAR) LOOKING SOUTHEAST - Irvine Ranch Agricultural Headquarters, Boyd Tenant House, Southeast of Intersection of San Diego & Santa Ana Freeways, Irvine, Orange County, CA

  5. Copy Photograph (original negative in possession of LSA Associates, Irvine, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Copy Photograph (original negative in possession of LSA Associates, Irvine, California) Beth Padon, Photographer, 1985 MACHINE AND CHEMICAL STORAGE BUILDING, NORTH (FRONT), LOOKING SOUTH - Irvine Ranch Agricultural Headquarters, Boyd Tenant House, Southeast of Intersection of San Diego & Santa Ana Freeways, Irvine, Orange County, CA

  6. Photocopy of photograph (original negative in possession of LSA Associates, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative in possession of LSA Associates, Irvine, California) Dana Privett, Photographer, August 1982 EAST (FRONT), LOOKING WEST - Irvine Ranch Agricultural Headquarters, Boyd Tenant House, Southeast of Intersection of San Diego & Santa Ana Freeways, Irvine, Orange County, CA

  7. Copy Photograph (original negative in possession of LSA Associates, Irvine, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Copy Photograph (original negative in possession of LSA Associates, Irvine, California) Beth Padon, Photographer, 1985 BOYD FARMSTEAD, LOOKING SOUTHEAST, WATER TANK, HOUSE, GARAGE - Irvine Ranch Agricultural Headquarters, Boyd Tenant House, Southeast of Intersection of San Diego & Santa Ana Freeways, Irvine, Orange County, CA

  8. 19 CFR 10.1028 - Issuance of negative origin determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Issuance of negative origin determinations. 10.1028 Section 10.1028 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United...

  9. 19 CFR 10.1028 - Issuance of negative origin determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Issuance of negative origin determinations. 10.1028 Section 10.1028 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United...

  10. 19 CFR 10.1028 - Issuance of negative origin determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Issuance of negative origin determinations. 10.1028 Section 10.1028 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United...

  11. 19 CFR 10.785 - Issuance of negative origin determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Issuance of negative origin determinations. 10.785 Section 10.785 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United...

  12. 9. Photocopy of photograph. Horgan, August 2, 1920 Original negative ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Photocopy of photograph. Horgan, August 2, 1920 Original negative can be found in D & H collection of the Anthracite Heritage Museum, Scranton, Pennsylvania. VIEW OF WEST FACADE AND PORTION OF SOUTH FACADE OF BOILER HOUSE, LOOKING NORTHEAST - Marvine Colliery, Boiler House No. 2, West side Boulevard Avenue, between East Parker Street & Route 380, Scranton, Lackawanna County, PA

  13. 15. Photocopy of photograph. Horgan. 1920. Original negative can be ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. Photocopy of photograph. Horgan. 1920. Original negative can be found in D & H collection of the Anthracite Heritage Museum, Scranton, Pennsylvania. VIEW SHOWING BREAKER UNDER CONSTRUCTION, LOOKING EAST - Marvine Colliery, Breaker No. 2, West side Boulevard Avenue, between East Parker Street & Route 380, Scranton, Lackawanna County, PA

  14. 18. Photocopy of photograph. Horgan, date unknown. Original negative can ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    18. Photocopy of photograph. Horgan, date unknown. Original negative can be found in D & H collection of the Anthracite Heritage Museum, Scranton, Pennsylvania. DETAIL VIEW OF SLUSH TROUGH FROM BREAKER NO. 2 TO BOREHOLE UNDER NORTH END OF BOILER HOUSE NO. 2, LOOKING SOUTH - Marvine Colliery, Breaker No. 2, West side Boulevard Avenue, between East Parker Street & Route 380, Scranton, Lackawanna County, PA

  15. 16. Photocopy of photograph. Horgan, December 6, 1920 Original negative ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    16. Photocopy of photograph. Horgan, December 6, 1920 Original negative can be found in D & H collection of the Anthracite Heritage Museum, Scranton, Pennsylvania. VIEW SHOWING BREAKER UNDER CONSTRUCTION, LOOKING WEST - Marvine Colliery, Breaker No. 2, West side Boulevard Avenue, between East Parker Street & Route 380, Scranton, Lackawanna County, PA

  16. 6. Photocopy of photograph (location of original negative unknown) Unknown, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Photocopy of photograph (location of original negative unknown) Unknown, Photographer, Date Unknown PERSPECTIVE VIEW OF SOUTH (FRONT) AND EAST SIDE DURING MOVE SHOWING HOUSE RAISED - Hamilton Grange, (Moved From) 237 West 141 Street to 141st Street & Amsterdam, New York County, NY

  17. 4. Photocopy of photograph (location of original negative unknown) Unknown, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. Photocopy of photograph (location of original negative unknown) Unknown, Photographer, Date Unknown PERSPECTIVE VIEW OF SOUTH (FRONT) AND EAST SIDE BEFORE HOUSE MOVED SHOWING THIRTEEN LIQUIDAMBAR TREES IN FOREGROUND - Hamilton Grange, (Moved From) 237 West 141 Street to 141st Street & Amsterdam, New York County, NY

  18. 19 CFR 10.785 - Issuance of negative origin determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Issuance of negative origin determinations. 10.785 Section 10.785 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United...

  19. 19 CFR 10.785 - Issuance of negative origin determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Issuance of negative origin determinations. 10.785 Section 10.785 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United...

  20. 19 CFR 10.785 - Issuance of negative origin determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Issuance of negative origin determinations. 10.785 Section 10.785 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United...

  1. 19 CFR 10.785 - Issuance of negative origin determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Issuance of negative origin determinations. 10.785 Section 10.785 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United...

  2. Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab Collection). March 2005. STAIRWAY BETWEEN MAIN FLOOR OF MAGNET ROOM AND SECOND FLOOR OF OFFICE-AND-SHOP SECTION, BEVATRON - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  3. Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab Collection). March 2005. STAIRWAY FROM MAIN FLOOR OF MAGNET ROOM TO TOP OF OUTER LAYER OF CONCRETE SHIELDING, BEVATRON - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  4. Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original negative located in LBNL Photo Lab Collection). March 2005. TOP OF BEVATRON, BUILDING 51 ROOF TRUSS, AND CENTRAL RING TRACK FOR MAGNET ROOM CRANE, BEVATRON - University of California Radiation Laboratory, Bevatron, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, Alameda County, CA

  5. Copy Photograph (original negative in possession of LSA Associates, Irvine, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Copy Photograph (original negative in possession of LSA Associates, Irvine, California) Beth Padon, Photographer, 1985 BOYD FARMSTEAD IN RELATION TO I-5, LOOKING SOUTHWEST - Irvine Ranch Agricultural Headquarters, Boyd Tenant House, Southeast of Intersection of San Diego & Santa Ana Freeways, Irvine, Orange County, CA

  6. Copy Photograph (original negative in possession of LSA Associates, Irvine, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Copy Photograph (original negative in possession of LSA Associates, Irvine, California) Beth Padon, Photographer, 1985 BOYD FARMSTEAD, LOOKING NORTHEAST, GARAGE, HOUSE, RAILROAD CAR PRESENT IN 1985 BUT REMOVED BY JANUARY 1989 - Irvine Ranch Agricultural Headquarters, Boyd Tenant House, Southeast of Intersection of San Diego & Santa Ana Freeways, Irvine, Orange County, CA

  7. 5. Photocopy of 1875 stereograph. Original glass negative in Fuhrman ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Photocopy of 1875 stereograph. Original glass negative in Fuhrman Collection, Scottish Rite Library, 3633 Lindell Boulevard, St. Louis, Missouri. STRUCTURE BEFORE REMOVAL OF PIGEON ROOSTS AND ADDITION OF THIRD ROOF TIER - Tower Grove Park, Shelter Ten, 4255 Arsenal Street, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO

  8. 9. Photocopy of photograph (location of original negative unknown) Thomas ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Photocopy of photograph (location of original negative unknown) Thomas G. Pratt, Photographer, c. 1890 PERSPECTIVE VIEW OF WEST (FRONT) AND SOUTH SIDE AS LOCATED AND ALTERED AT PRESENT SITE - Hamilton Grange, (Moved From) 237 West 141 Street to 141st Street & Amsterdam, New York County, NY

  9. 49. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    49. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the Central Connecticut Regional Water Authority and preserved in their archives at 90 Sargent Drive, New Haven, Connecticut 06511-5966), photographer unknown, circa 1935. Sand cleaning at the Whitney Filtration Plant. - Lake Whitney Water Filtration Plant, Filtration Plant, South side of Armory Street between Edgehill Road & Whitney Avenue, Hamden, New Haven County, CT

  10. 42. Photocopy of photograph (negative made from original photograph displayed ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    42. Photocopy of photograph (negative made from original photograph displayed in office at Veterans Administration in Wichita, Kansas), photographer unknown, ca. 1935. Panoramic of campus, view of north and east, Building 8 is first structure on right - Veterans Administration Center, Officers Duplex Quarters, 5302 East Kellogg (Legal Address); 5500 East Kellogg (Common Address), Wichita, Sedgwick County, KS

  11. 19 CFR 10.473 - Issuance of negative origin determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Issuance of negative origin determinations. 10.473 Section 10.473 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United...

  12. 53. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    53. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the Central Connecticut Regional Water Authority and preserved in their archives at 90 Sargent Drive, New Haven, Connecticut 06511-5966), photographer unknown, circa 1960. View of Whitney Water Filtration Plant Laboratory. - Lake Whitney Water Filtration Plant, Filtration Plant, South side of Armory Street between Edgehill Road & Whitney Avenue, Hamden, New Haven County, CT

  13. 15. Photocopy of Photograph (original negative in the Michigan State ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. Photocopy of Photograph (original negative in the Michigan State Highway Department Collection, Berrien County, Record Group 59-17, State of Michigan Archives, 717 West Allegan, Lansing, MI 48918), March 1, 1936, photograph by E.A.M. CONSTRUCTION PHOTOGRAPH, MIDDLE PIERS, LOOKING NORTHEAST - State Route M-139 Bridge, Spanning Ox Creek, Fair Plain, Berrien County, MI

  14. 15. Photocopy of Photograph (original negative in the State of ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. Photocopy of Photograph (original negative in the State of Michigan Archives, Lansing, MI), photograph by E.H.H., May 4, 1928 SOUTH ABUTMENT AND PIER NO. 1 AND 2, SHOWING STEEL REINFORCING RODS AND CONSTRUCTION OF PIER FORMWORK, LOOKING SOUTH - Monroe Street Bridge, Spanning River Raisin at Monroe Street, Monroe, Monroe County, MI

  15. Photocopy of photograph (original 35 millimeter negative in possession of ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original 35 millimeter negative in possession of Luis Pumarada, San German, Puerto Rico). Luis Pumarada, Photographer, September 4, 1989. PUENTE RIO HONDO, VIEW FROM SOUTHWEST. - Puente Rio Hondo, Spanning Hondo River on PR Road 156, Barrio Rio Hondo, Comerio, Comerio Municipio, PR

  16. Photocopy of photograph (original 35 millimeter negative in possession of ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original 35 millimeter negative in possession of Luis Pumarada, San German, Puerto Rico). Luis Pumarada, Photographer, September 4, 1989. PUENTE RIO HONDO, VIEW OF SOUTH ABUTMENT. - Puente Rio Hondo, Spanning Hondo River on PR Road 156, Barrio Rio Hondo, Comerio, Comerio Municipio, PR

  17. Photocopy of photograph (original 35 millimeter negative in possession of ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original 35 millimeter negative in possession of Luis Pumarada, San German, Puerto Rico). Luis Pumarada, Photographer, September 4, 1989. PUENTE RIO HONDO, DOMED PLATE DECK FROM BELOW. - Puente Rio Hondo, Spanning Hondo River on PR Road 156, Barrio Rio Hondo, Comerio, Comerio Municipio, PR

  18. 48. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    48. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the Central Connecticut Regional Water Authority and preserved in their archives at 90 Sargent Drive, New Haven, Connecticut 06511-5966), photographer unknown, circa 1935. Loading dirty sand into an ejector for transport to the sand washer. - Lake Whitney Water Filtration Plant, Filtration Plant, South side of Armory Street between Edgehill Road & Whitney Avenue, Hamden, New Haven County, CT

  19. 41. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    41. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the Central Connecticut Regional Water Authority and preserved in their archives at 90 Sargent Drive, New Haven, Connecticut 06511-5966), photographer and date unknown. Sand and gravel screening equipment used during the construction of the slow sand filter circa 1903. - Lake Whitney Water Filtration Plant, Filtration Plant, South side of Armory Street between Edgehill Road & Whitney Avenue, Hamden, New Haven County, CT

  20. 45. Photocopy of photograph (negative made from original photograph on ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    45. Photocopy of photograph (negative made from original photograph on file at Veterans Administration in Wichita, Kansas), government photograph certified by W.B. Hayes, Jr., Superintendent of Construction, Veterans Administration, 29 September 1934, listed as Project VAC-507, no. 7 of 7 views, set no. 2 of 3 sets, subject - Awnings, contractor Langdon Tent & Awning Co., Wichita, Kansas." View southeast, Building 8 - Veterans Administration Center, Officers Duplex Quarters, 5302 East Kellogg (Legal Address); 5500 East Kellogg (Common Address), Wichita, Sedgwick County, KS

  1. 43. Photocopy of photograph (negative made from original photograph on ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    43. Photocopy of photograph (negative made from original photograph on file at Veterans Administration in Wichita, Kansas), government photograph certified by Willis B. Hayes, Jr., Superintendent of Construction, Veterans Administration, 15 March 1933, listed as "Project VAC-206, No. 26 of 26 views, set no. 4 of 5 sets, subject - final photos, contractor Henry B. Ryan Co." View southeast, Building 8 - Veterans Administration Center, Officers Duplex Quarters, 5302 East Kellogg (Legal Address); 5500 East Kellogg (Common Address), Wichita, Sedgwick County, KS

  2. 42. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    42. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the Central Connecticut Regional Water Authority and preserved in their archives at 90 Sargent Drive, New Haven, Connecticut 06511-5966), photographer and date unknown. Mixing concrete for the construction of the slow sand filter circa 1903. - Lake Whitney Water Filtration Plant, Filtration Plant, South side of Armory Street between Edgehill Road & Whitney Avenue, Hamden, New Haven County, CT

  3. 45. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    45. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the Central Connecticut Regional Water Authority and preserved in their archives at 90 Sargent Drive, New Haven, Connecticut 06511-5966), photographer unknown, circa 1957. View of the northeast of the slow sand filter looking toward Whitney Avenue and east rock. - Lake Whitney Water Filtration Plant, Filtration Plant, South side of Armory Street between Edgehill Road & Whitney Avenue, Hamden, New Haven County, CT

  4. 44. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    44. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the Central Connecticut Regional Water Authority and preserved in their archives at 90 Sargent Drive, New Haven, Connecticut 06511-5966), photographer unknown, circa 1904. View of bricklayers erecting exterior walls on the slow sand filter. - Lake Whitney Water Filtration Plant, Filtration Plant, South side of Armory Street between Edgehill Road & Whitney Avenue, Hamden, New Haven County, CT

  5. 52. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    52. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the Central Connecticut Regional Water Authority and preserved in their archives at 90 Sargent Drive, New Haven, Connecticut 06511-5966), photographer unknown, circa 1960. The Whitney Filtration Plant Laboratory with Dr. Samuel Jacobson at work. - Lake Whitney Water Filtration Plant, Filtration Plant, South side of Armory Street between Edgehill Road & Whitney Avenue, Hamden, New Haven County, CT

  6. 47. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    47. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the Central Connecticut Regional Water Authority and preserved in their archives at 90 Sargent Drive, New Haven, Connecticut 06511-5966), photographer and date unknown. View of main gallery between filter beds at Whitney Filtration Plant. - Lake Whitney Water Filtration Plant, Filtration Plant, South side of Armory Street between Edgehill Road & Whitney Avenue, Hamden, New Haven County, CT

  7. 46. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    46. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the Central Connecticut Regional Water Authority and preserved in their archives at 90 Sargent Drive, New Haven, Connecticut 06511-5966), photographer and date unknown. Undated interior view of one of 12 filter beds at Whitney Filtration Plant (probably from the mid-1930s). - Lake Whitney Water Filtration Plant, Filtration Plant, South side of Armory Street between Edgehill Road & Whitney Avenue, Hamden, New Haven County, CT

  8. 43. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    43. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the Central Connecticut Regional Water Authority and preserved in their archives at 90 Sargent Drive, New Haven, Connecticut 06511-5966), photographer and date unknown. View of forms used to create walls for the slow sand filter. - Lake Whitney Water Filtration Plant, Filtration Plant, South side of Armory Street between Edgehill Road & Whitney Avenue, Hamden, New Haven County, CT

  9. 51. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    51. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the Central Connecticut Regional Water Authority and preserved in their archives at 90 Sargent Drive, New Haven, Connecticut 06511-5966), photographer unknown, circa 1960. Dr. Samuel Jacobson examining samples of water cultured on agar material. - Lake Whitney Water Filtration Plant, Filtration Plant, South side of Armory Street between Edgehill Road & Whitney Avenue, Hamden, New Haven County, CT

  10. 50. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    50. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the Central Connecticut Regional Water Authority and preserved in their archives at 90 Sargent Drive, New Haven, Connecticut 06511-5966), photographer unknown, circa 1959. The sand washer designed by New Haven Water Company. - Lake Whitney Water Filtration Plant, Filtration Plant, South side of Armory Street between Edgehill Road & Whitney Avenue, Hamden, New Haven County, CT

  11. 44. Photocopy of photograph (negative made from original photograph on ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    44. Photocopy of photograph (negative made from original photograph on file at Veterans Administration in Wichita, Kansas), government photograph certified by W.B. Hayes, Jr., Superintendent of Construction, Veterans Administration, photographic firm Carlson and Bull, 4 May 1934, listed as "Project VAC-0206, no. 9 of 10 views, set no. 2 of 2 sets, subject - Shrubbery and Plantings, contractor Williams & Harvey Nurseries Co., Kansas City, Kansas." View southeast, Building 8 - Veterans Administration Center, Officers Duplex Quarters, 5302 East Kellogg (Legal Address); 5500 East Kellogg (Common Address), Wichita, Sedgwick County, KS

  12. 40. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    40. Photocopy of photograph (original negative is property of the Central Connecticut Regional Water Authority and preserved in their archives at 90 Sargent Drive, New Haven, Connecticut 06511-5966), photographer unknown, dated in the spring of 1903. View of the start of construction of the slow sand filter. In the fall of 1902 the filter plant area was graded and flooded with water. This helped to create a hard and impervious watertight base when drained. During the spring of 1903, the water WS drained off and the whole area rolled with a grooved roller. The photograph shows the horse drawn grooved grading rollers starting to prepare the filter base. - Lake Whitney Water Filtration Plant, Filtration Plant, South side of Armory Street between Edgehill Road & Whitney Avenue, Hamden, New Haven County, CT

  13. Electromagnetic origins of negative refraction in coupled plasmonic waveguide metamaterials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aghanejad, Iman; Chau, Kenneth J.; Markley, Loïc

    2016-10-01

    A metamaterial composed of stacked plasmonic waveguides which support backward propagation along the layers has been shown to exhibit a nearly spherical equifrequency contour (EFC) in which the Floquet-Bloch wave vector kFB and Poynting vector S point in opposite directions everywhere on this surface. Experiments performed on this structure have also shown that polarized light beams incident from free space refract to the same side of normal over a wide range of incidence angles. Together, these observations have led researchers to describe this structure as a homogeneous medium with three-dimensionally isotropic negative refractive index; however, a close inspection of the fields throughout the structure as provided in this paper would suggest otherwise. Here, we rigorously analyze the relationship between phase and power flow within the structure by introducing a method to calculate the power flow of all Floquet-Bloch harmonics, information which cannot be obtained from either conventional analysis of EFCs or effective medium theory. Access to power flow of all harmonics enables us to demonstrate the origin of backward power (defined with respect to the direction of kFB), and in doing so, verify the validity of the claimed three-dimensionally isotropic left-handed response and the validity of describing the medium by a simple negative effective index of refraction n =-1 . Knowledge regarding the distribution of power flow across the harmonics can also be used to design highly efficient methods to couple light into and out of these structures. As an example, we show that tailored wave excitation can achieve coupling efficiencies of up to 96%, over 5 times greater than that achieved by normal-incidence plane-wave excitation.

  14. Origin of negative density and modulus in acoustic metamaterials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Sam H.; Wright, Oliver B.

    2016-01-01

    This paper provides a review and fundamental physical interpretation for the effective densities and moduli of acoustic metamaterials. We introduce the terminology of hidden force and hidden source of volume: the effective density or modulus is negative when the hidden force or source of volume is larger than, and operates in antiphase to, respectively, the force or volume change that would be obtained in their absence. We demonstrate this ansatz for some established acoustic metamaterials with elements based on membranes, Helmholtz resonators, springs, and masses. The hidden force for membrane-based acoustic metamaterials, for instance, is the force from the membrane tension. The hidden source for a Helmholtz-resonator-based metamaterial is the extra air volume injected from the resonator cavity. We also explain the analogous concepts for pure mass-and-spring systems, in which case, hidden forces can arise from masses and springs fixed inside other masses, whereas hidden sources—more aptly termed hidden expanders of displacement in this case—can arise from light rigid trusses coupled to extra degrees of freedom for mechanical motion such as the case of coupling to masses that move at right angles to the wave-propagation direction. This overall picture provides a powerful tool for conceptual understanding and design of new acoustic metamaterials, and avoids common pitfalls involved in determining the effective parameters of such materials.

  15. 14. Photographic copy englargement from a 4x5 copy negative (Original ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. Photographic copy englargement from a 4x5 copy negative (Original photograph by original photographer located on abandoned NASA site, currently owned by the City of Downey, Downey, California). AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH 1935-1936 CONSOLIDATED VULTEE AIRCRAFT CORPORATION FROM WEST TO EAST - NASA Industrial Plant, Maintenance Facility, 12214 Lakewood Boulevard, Downey, Los Angeles County, CA

  16. Credit WCT. Original 21/4"x21/4" color negative is housed in the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Credit WCT. Original 2-1/4"x2-1/4" color negative is housed in the JPL Photography Laboratory, Pasadena, California. JPL staff member Leonard "Dutch" Sebring loads propellant grain into tube for a BATES (Ballistic And Test Evaluation System) test (JPL negative no. JPL-10279BC, 27 January 1989) - Jet Propulsion Laboratory Edwards Facility, Weigh & Test Preparation Building, Edwards Air Force Base, Boron, Kern County, CA

  17. Credit WCT. Original 4"x5" black and white negative is housed ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Credit WCT. Original 4"x5" black and white negative is housed in the JPL Archives, Pasadena, California. This view shows the underfloor ductwork of Building E-46 during construction. The ductwork conducts hot or cold air to maintain required temperatures in the curing chamber (JPL negative no. 381-2569, 12 December 1962) - Jet Propulsion Laboratory Edwards Facility, Solid Propellant Conditioning Building, Edwards Air Force Base, Boron, Kern County, CA

  18. Credit WCT. Original 21/4"x21/4" color negative is housed in the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Credit WCT. Original 2-1/4"x2-1/4" color negative is housed in the JPL Photography Laboratory, Pasadena, California. At one time, Building 4285/E-86 accommodated tensile testing of propellant samples. This view shows a tensile strength tester set up for propellant tests, under the supervision of JPL staff member Milton Clay (JPL negative no. JPL-10291AC, 27 January 1989) - Jet Propulsion Laboratory Edwards Facility, Casting & Curing Building, Edwards Air Force Base, Boron, Kern County, CA

  19. Credit WCT. Original 21/4"x21/4" color negative is housed in the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Credit WCT. Original 2-1/4"x2-1/4" color negative is housed in the JPL Photography Laboratory, Pasadena, California. This interior view of the Xray chamber shows operator Leonard "Dutch" Sebring positioning the 1 million electron volt X-ray machine to make an image of a Syncom 2 motor (JPL negative no. JPL-10285BC, 27 January 1989) - Jet Propulsion Laboratory Edwards Facility, Radiographic Inspection Building, Edwards Air Force Base, Boron, Kern County, CA

  20. 3. Credit WCT. Original 4"x5" black and white negative is ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Credit WCT. Original 4"x5" black and white negative is housed in the JPL Archives, Pasadena, California. This view of the vibrator shows a large mounted ATS (Advanced Technology Satellite) motor. Accelerometer instrumentation has been added. JPL caption reads "C-210E Vibration Exciter ATS Accelerometer Installation on Q4TX AXIS" (JPL negative no. 384-5848B, 31 March 1966). - Jet Propulsion Laboratory Edwards Facility, Test Stand G, Edwards Air Force Base, Boron, Kern County, CA

  1. 1. Photocopy of photograph (original photograph/negative located at the Remote ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Photocopy of photograph (original photograph/negative located at the Remote Sensing Laboratory, Nellis Air Force Base, Las Vegas, Nevada). R.B., Photograph for Civil Effects Test Organization, May 9, 1962. Historic view of Japanese village, facing west - Nevada Test Site, Japanese Village, Area 4, Yucca Flat, 4-04 Road near Rainier Mesa Road, Mercury, Nye County, NV

  2. 2. Photocopy of photograph (original photograph/negative located at the Remote ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Photocopy of photograph (original photograph/negative located at the Remote Sensing Laboratory, Nellis Air Force Base, Las Vegas, Nevada). David Wehner, EG&G Photographic Services Photographer, October 13, 1992. Overall view of Japanese village, facing north - Nevada Test Site, Japanese Village, Area 4, Yucca Flat, 4-04 Road near Rainier Mesa Road, Mercury, Nye County, NV

  3. 15. Photographic copy englargement from a 4x5 copy negative (Original ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. Photographic copy englargement from a 4x5 copy negative (Original drawing located on abandoned NASA site, currently owned by the City of Downey, Downey, California). 1980 BLDG 10, BLDG 42 FLOOR PLAN, NASA MARCH 15 1980. - NASA Industrial Plant, Maintenance Facility, 12214 Lakewood Boulevard, Downey, Los Angeles County, CA

  4. 9. Photographic copy enlargement from a 4x5 copy negative. (Original ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Photographic copy enlargement from a 4x5 copy negative. (Original drawing located on abandoned NASA site, currently owned by the City of Downey, Downey, California). 1976 BLDGS.25, 41 SITE PLAN. - NASA Industrial Plant, Storage Facility, 12214 Lakewood Boulevard, Downey, Los Angeles County, CA

  5. Ab initio study of the phononic origin of negative thermal expansion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Argaman, Uri; Eidelstein, Eitan; Levy, Ohad; Makov, Guy

    2016-11-01

    Negative thermal expansion is an uncommon phenomenon of theoretical interest. Multiple hypotheses regarding its microscopic origins have been suggested. In this paper, the thermal expansion of a representative semiconductor, Si, and a representative metal, Ti, are calculated ab initio using density-functional perturbation theory. The phonon modes' contributions to the thermal expansion are analyzed and the negative thermal expansion is shown to be dominated by negative mode Grüneisen parameters at specific points on the Brillouin zone boundaries. Thus, the elastic (Debye) theory for negative thermal expansion is shown to be irrelevant for these phenomena. The anomalous behavior of these modes in Ti is shown to be unaffected by an electronic topological transition as previously suggested, instead it arises from complex interplay of atomic displacements of the anomalous mode.

  6. The Developmental Origins of Cognitive Vulnerability to Depression: Temperament, Parenting, and Negative Life Events in Childhood as Contributors to Negative Cognitive Style

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mezulis, Amy H.; Hyde, Janet Shibley; Abramson, Lyn Y.

    2006-01-01

    Cognitive models of depression have been well supported with adults, but the developmental origins of cognitive vulnerability are not well understood. The authors hypothesized that temperament, parenting, and negative life events in childhood would contribute to the development of cognitive style, with withdrawal negativity and negative parental…

  7. Credit WCT. Original 4"x5" black and white negative is housed ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Credit WCT. Original 4"x5" black and white negative is housed in the JPL Archives, Pasadena, California. This image shows the tumble dryer in place as building construction neared completion. The mezzanine railings have not been installed. The scattered debris on the floor and stairs would not be allowed during dryer operation. Compare this view with CA-163-Q-2 and note that the stairs in this 1963 view were moved later; the screen wall was also removed. The reasons for these alterations were not determined (JPL negative no. 381-2831, 18 March 1963) - Jet Propulsion Laboratory Edwards Facility, Oxidizer Dryer Building, Edwards Air Force Base, Boron, Kern County, CA

  8. Credit WCT. Original 2A" x 2M" color negative is housed ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Credit WCT. Original 2-A" x 2-M" color negative is housed in the JPL Photography Laboratory, Pasadena, California. Photo shows John Morrow in charge of milling operations on coupons ("dogbones") of propellant on an Index milling machine. Coupons were milled to precise dimensions for tensile tests. Note that two sprinkler heads have been placed in very close proximity to the milling table for fire suppression purposes (JPL negative no. JPL-10283AC, 27 January 1989) - Jet Propulsion Laboratory Edwards Facility, Preparation Building, Edwards Air Force Base, Boron, Kern County, CA

  9. Credit WCT. Original 2Y4" x 2Y4" color negative is housed ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Credit WCT. Original 2-Y4" x 2-Y4" color negative is housed in the JPL Photography Laboratory, Pasadena, California. JPL staff members Harold Anderson and John Morrow cast grain from the 1-gallon BakerPerkins model 4-PU mixer. A 1-pint Baker-Perkins model 2-PX mixer stands to the left in this view (JPL negative no. JPL-10295BC, 27 January 1989) - Jet Propulsion Laboratory Edwards Facility, Mixer & Casting Building, Edwards Air Force Base, Boron, Kern County, CA

  10. Credit WCT. Original 214" x 21/4" color negative is housed ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Credit WCT. Original 2-14" x 2-1/4" color negative is housed in the JPL Photography Laboratory, Pasadena, California. This image depicts the tray dryer for "AP" (ammonium perchlorate, an oxidizer). The dryer was heated by a water jacket; insulated pipes appear at left in the view. In the extreme left foreground appears a marble table similar to the tables used for scales in the weighing room of Building E-35. Note the use of gloves, fireresistant coveralls and breathing apparatus by the JPL employee in view (JPL negative no. JPL-10283BC, 27 January 1989) - Jet Propulsion Laboratory Edwards Facility, Oxidizer Dryer Blender Building, Edwards Air Force Base, Boron, Kern County, CA

  11. Credit WCT. Original 2¾" x 2Y4" color negative is housed ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Credit WCT. Original 2-¾" x 2-Y4" color negative is housed in the JPL Photography Laboratory, Pasadena, California. View shows JPL staff member John Morrow loading the grinder hopper. The hopper has a 10 mesh screen to filter out particles too large for the mill. Oxidizer is passed steadily to the hammers by a stainless steel feed screw. Oxidizer may be passed through the mill several times depending on the fineness required by a given propellant formula; the maximum charge is 130 pounds (59.0 Kg). The drum below the mill has an electrically conductive plastic liner which receives the ground oxidizer (JPL negative no. JPL10279AC, 27 January 1989) - Jet Propulsion Laboratory Edwards Facility, Oxidizer Grinder Building, Edwards Air Force Base, Boron, Kern County, CA

  12. Credit WCT. Original 2"' x 21A" color negative is housed ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Credit WCT. Original 2-"' x 2-1A" color negative is housed in the JPL Photography Laboratory, Pasadena, California. This view shows the remote charge trimmer, a vertical lathe for turning propellant castings ("grain") in the front room of this structure. Ron Wright is shown in charge of the procedure; the hoist operator is unidentified. Grain for a BATES (Ballistic And Test Evaluation System) motor is being lowered into the lathe with a hoist and specially designed BATES fitting. The spout and waste barrel, in the foreground, collects waste trimmings for disposal (JPL negative no. JPL10286BC, 27 January 1989) - Jet Propulsion Laboratory Edwards Facility, Preparation Building, Edwards Air Force Base, Boron, Kern County, CA

  13. 2. Credit WCT. Original 21/4"x22/4" color negative is housed in ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Credit WCT. Original 2-1/4"x2-2/4" color negative is housed in the JPL Archives, Pasadena, California. This view depicts the interior of Test Stand "G" with its "Vibration System consisting of a MB-C210E Electrodynamic Exciter having a maximum sinusoidal force output of 28,000 lbs. and a noload-peak acceleration sine wave of 80 gs." (Quotation based on JPL photo caption in notebook The Jet Propulsion Laboratory Edwards Facility, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, no date; "80 gs" means 80 times the force of gravity.) This machine could be controlled to deliver a wide variety of perturbations (JPL negative no. 344-3802B, 27 February 1981). - Jet Propulsion Laboratory Edwards Facility, Test Stand G, Edwards Air Force Base, Boron, Kern County, CA

  14. Origin of the giant negative photoresistance of ZnO single crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barzola-Quiquia, J.; Esquinazi, P.; Villafuerte, M.; Heluani, S. P.; Pöppl, A.; Eisinger, K.

    2010-10-01

    We have measured the temperature dependence (30 K≤T≤300 K) of the electrical resistance of ZnO single crystals prepared by hydrothermal method in darkness and under the influence of light in the ultraviolet range. The resistance decreases several orders of magnitude at temperatures T <200 K after illumination. Electron paramagnetic resonance studies under illumination reveal that the excitation of Li acceptor impurities is the origin for the giant negative photoresistance effect. Permanent photoresistance effect is also observed, which remains many hours after leaving the crystal in darkness.

  15. THE ORIGIN OF THE NEGATIVE TORQUE DENSITY IN DISK-SATELLITE INTERACTION

    SciTech Connect

    Rafikov, Roman R.; Petrovich, Cristobal

    2012-03-01

    Tidal interaction between a gaseous disk and a massive orbiting perturber is known to result in angular momentum exchange between them. Understanding astrophysical manifestations of this coupling such as gap opening by planets in protoplanetary disks or clearing of gas by binary supermassive black holes (SMBHs) embedded in accretion disks requires knowledge of the spatial distribution of the torque exerted on the disk by a perturber. Recent hydrodynamical simulations by Dong et al have shown evidence for the tidal torque density produced in a uniform disk to change sign at the radial separation of Almost-Equal-To 3.2 scale heights from the perturber's orbit, in clear conflict with the previous studies. To clarify this issue, we carry out a linear calculation of the disk-satellite interaction putting special emphasis on understanding the behavior of the perturbed fluid variables in physical space. Using analytical as well as numerical methods, we confirm the reality of the negative torque density phenomenon and trace its origin to the overlap of Lindblad resonances in the vicinity of the perturber's orbit-an effect not accounted for in previous studies. These results suggest that calculations of the gap and cavity opening in disks by planets and binary SMBHs should rely on more realistic torque density prescriptions than the ones used at present.

  16. Psychometric Properties of Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) Original and Short Forms in an African American Community Sample

    PubMed Central

    Merz, Erin L.; Malcarne, Vanessa L.; Roesch, Scott C.; Ko, Celine M.; Emerson, Marc; Roma, Vincenzo G.; Sadler, Georgia Robins

    2014-01-01

    Background The Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) has been widely used as a self-report measure of affect in community and clinical contexts. However, evaluations of the psychometric properties of PANAS scores have been limited in diverse ethnic groups. Several short forms of the PANAS have also been proposed, but very little is known about the psychometric properties of these versions. Methods The present study investigated the psychometric properties, including the factor structure of the original PANAS and two short forms in an African American community sample (N = 239). Descriptive, internal consistency reliability, factorial validity, and measurement invariance analyses were conducted. Results All PANAS subscales from the original and short forms had adequate internal consistency. For the original PANAS, the model specifying three correlated factors (Positive Affect, Afraid, Upset) with correlated uniquenesses from redundant items provided the best fit to the data. However, the two-factor model (Positive Affect, Negative Affect) with correlated uniquenesses was also supported. For both short forms, the two-factor model with correlated uniquenesses fit the data best. Factors from all forms were generally invariant across age and gender, although there was some minor invariance at the item level. Limitations Participants were from a limited geographic area and one ethnic group. Indicators of anxiety, depression, and cultural characteristics were not measured. Conclusion The factor structure was replicated, suggesting no immediate concerns regarding the valid interpretation of PANAS scores. The results support the reliability and validity of the PANAS and its short forms for use among African Americans. PMID:24051099

  17. Origins of antisocial behavior. Negative reinforcement and affect dysregulation of behavior as socialization mechanisms in family interaction.

    PubMed

    Snyder, J; Schrepferman, L; St Peter, C

    1997-04-01

    Theoretical models specifying the contribution of two social-familial mechanisms, negative reinforcement and affect dysregulation, to the development of child antisocial behavior were tested using a sample of 57 8- to 13-year-old boys referred for treatment of conduct problems. Negative reinforcement of boys' aggressive behavior and boys' affect dysregulation were found to covary with the boys' irritability toward parents and siblings and were reliable predictors of a composite measure of child antisocial behavior, defined by out-of-home placement, arrests, and school discipline incidents 2 years later. Reinforcement of aggression and affect dysregulation during family interaction may play complementary roles in the development of antisocial behavior by fostering the use of coercive means of dealing with social conflict. The findings are discussed in terms of research strategies for identifying social mechanisms contributing to child psychopathology and of implications for modification of current family interventions targeting child antisocial behavior.

  18. Evaluation of the API 20E system for the identification of gram-negative nonfermenters from animal origin.

    PubMed Central

    Devenish, J A; Barnum, D A

    1982-01-01

    The API 20E system was evaluated on isolates from animals of aerobic nonfermentative and cytochrome oxidase positive Gram-negative rods. An accuracy of identification of 80% (214/268 isolates) was achieved for those organisms included in the 1976-1977 API profile index. Members of the genera Pseudomonas and Acinetobacter were identified with 100% accuracy. Organisms not included in the API profile gave either an unacceptable profile number or were incorrectly identified as Moraxella spp. When the inoculum size was increased there was better identification. PMID:7042055

  19. Melanin-originated carbonaceous dots for triple negative breast cancer diagnosis by fluorescence and photoacoustic dual-mode imaging.

    PubMed

    Xiao, Wei; Li, Yuan; Hu, Chuan; Huang, Yuan; He, Qin; Gao, Huile

    2017-07-01

    Carbonaceous dots exhibit increasing applications in diagnosis and drug delivery due to excellent photostability and biocompatibility properties. However, relative short excitation and emission of melanin carbonaceous dots (MCDs) limit the applicability in fluorescence bioimaging. Furthermore, the generally poor spatial resolution of fluorescence imaging limits potential in vivo applications. Due to a variety of beneficial properties, in this study, MCDs were prepared exhibiting great potential in fluorescence and photoacoustic dual-mode bioimaging. The MCDs exhibited a long excitation peak at 615nm and emission peak at 650nm, further highlighting the applicability in fluorescence imaging, while the absorbance peak at 633nm renders MCDs suitable for photoacoustic imaging. In vivo, the photoacoustic signal of MCDs was linearly correlated with the concentration of MCDs. Moreover, the MCDs were shown to be taken up into triple negative breast cancer cell line 4T1 in both a time- and concentration-dependent manner. In vivo fluorescence and photoacoustic imaging of subcutaneous 4T1 tumor demonstrated that MCDs could passively target triple negative breast cancer tissue by enhanced permeability and retention effects and may therefore be used for tumor dual-mode imaging. Furthermore, fluorescence distribution in tissue slices suggested that MCDs may distribute in 4T1 tumor with high efficacy. In conclusion, the MCDs studied offer potential application in fluorescence and photoacoustic dual-mode imaging.

  20. Origin of diderm (Gram-negative) bacteria: antibiotic selection pressure rather than endosymbiosis likely led to the evolution of bacterial cells with two membranes.

    PubMed

    Gupta, Radhey S

    2011-08-01

    The prokaryotic organisms can be divided into two main groups depending upon whether their cell envelopes contain one membrane (monoderms) or two membranes (diderms). It is important to understand how these and other variations that are observed in the cell envelopes of prokaryotic organisms have originated. In 2009, James Lake proposed that cells with two membranes (primarily Gram-negative bacteria) originated from an ancient endosymbiotic event involving an Actinobacteria and a Clostridia (Lake 2009). However, this Perspective argues that this proposal is based on a number of incorrect assumptions and the data presented in support of this model are also of questionable nature. Thus, there is no reliable evidence to support the endosymbiotic origin of double membrane bacteria. In contrast, many observations suggest that antibiotic selection pressure was an important selective force in prokaryotic evolution and that it likely played a central role in the evolution of diderm (Gram-negative) bacteria. Some bacterial phyla, such as Deinococcus-Thermus, which lack lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and yet contain some characteristics of the diderm bacteria, are postulated as evolutionary intermediates (simple diderms) in the transition between the monoderm bacterial taxa and the bacterial groups that have the archetypal LPS-containing outer cell membrane found in Gram-negative bacteria. It is possible to distinguish the two stages in the evolution of diderm-LPS cells (viz. monoderm bacteria → simple diderms lacking LPS → LPS containing archetypal diderm bacteria) by means of conserved inserts in the Hsp70 and Hsp60 proteins. The insert in the Hsp60 protein also distinguishes the traditional Gram-negative diderm bacterial phyla from atypical taxa of diderm bacteria (viz. Negativicutes, Fusobacteria, Synergistetes and Elusimicrobia). The Gram-negative bacterial phyla with an LPS-diderm cell envelope, as defined by the presence of the Hsp60 insert, are indicated to form a

  1. A case of S-100 negative melanoma: A diagnostic pitfall in the workup of a poorly differentiated metastatic tumor of unknown origin

    PubMed Central

    Biernacka, Anna; Linos, Konstantinos D.; DeLong, Peter A.; Suriawinata, Arief A.; Padmanabhan, Vijayalakshmi; Liu, Xiaoying

    2016-01-01

    When confronted with a metastatic poorly differentiated tumor of unknown origin, the initial workup includes the standard panel of immunostains to rule out carcinoma, sarcoma, lymphoma, and the greatest mimicker in pathology – malignant melanoma. Although not specific, the S-100 protein is expressed in over 95% of malignant melanomas. Herein, we present a case of multiorgan metastatic malignancy with a dominant hilar and mediastinal mass in a current smoker; clinically, highly suggestive of widespread primary lung cancer. This case was eventually classified as malignant melanoma, despite a significant diagnostic challenge due to lack of prior history, unusual cytomorphology, and S-100 protein negativity. A battery of immunostains was performed and the addition of other melanocytic-associated markers confirmed the melanocytic lineage of the neoplasm. This case highlights the pitfalls in the differential diagnosis of a metastatic tumor of unknown origin by fine needle aspiration cytology due to the significant morphologic overlap of poorly differentiated malignancies. We emphasize that, albeit rare, malignant melanomas can be completely negative for S-100 protein and the use of additional melanocytic-associated markers in the differential workup maybe critical in arriving promptly at a proper diagnosis. We also briefly discuss other currently available immunohistochemical markers that can assist in the identification of the S-100 negative melanoma. PMID:27729935

  2. Rational Design of a Plasmid Origin That Replicates Efficiently in Both Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Bacteria

    PubMed Central

    Bryksin, Anton V.; Matsumura, Ichiro

    2010-01-01

    Background Most plasmids replicate only within a particular genus or family. Methodology/Principal Findings Here we describe an engineered high copy number expression vector, pBAV1K-T5, that produces varying quantities of active reporter proteins in Escherichia coli, Acinetobacter baylyi ADP1, Agrobacterium tumefaciens, (all Gram-negative), Streptococcus pneumoniae, Leifsonia shinshuensis, Peanibacillus sp. S18-36 and Bacillus subtilis (Gram-positive). Conclusions/Significance Our results demonstrate the efficiency of pBAV1K-T5 replication in different bacterial species, thereby facilitating the study of proteins that don't fold well in E. coli and pathogens not amenable to existing genetic tools. PMID:20949038

  3. Origin of the putrescine-producing ability of the coagulase-negative bacterium Staphylococcus epidermidis 2015B.

    PubMed

    Coton, Emmanuel; Mulder, Niels; Coton, Monika; Pochet, Sylvie; Trip, Hein; Lolkema, Juke S

    2010-08-01

    A multiplex PCR method, aimed at the detection of genes associated with biogenic amine production, identified the odc gene encoding ornithine decarboxylase in 1 of 15 strains of Staphylococcus epidermidis. The ability of the positive strain, S. epidermidis 2015B, to produce putrescine in vitro was demonstrated by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). In this strain, the odc gene was detected on plasmid DNA, suggesting that the ability to form putrescine is carried by a mobile element, which explains the fact that the trait is strain dependent within the S. epidermidis species. A 6,292-bp nucleotide sequence harboring the putative odc gene was determined. S. epidermidis ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) showed 60 to 65% sequence identity with known ODCs of Gram-positive as well as Gram-negative bacteria. Downstream of the odc gene, a gene encoding a putative amino acid transporter was found that shared 59% sequence identity with the ornithine/putrescine exchanger (PotE) of Escherichia coli. Cloning and expression of the potE gene of S. epidermis 2015B in Lactococcus lactis demonstrated that the gene product transported ornithine and putrescine into the cells and efficiently exchanged putrescine for ornithine. Analysis of the flanking regions showed high identity levels with different S. epidermidis plasmid sequences, which would confirm the plasmidic location of the odc operon. It follows that the odc and potE gene pair encodes a putrescine-producing pathway in S. epidermis 2015B that was acquired through horizontal gene transfer.

  4. Negative thermal expansion in 2H CuScO2 originating from the cooperation of transverse thermal vibrations of Cu and O atoms.

    PubMed

    Chang, Dahu; Yu, Weiyang; Sun, Qiang; Jia, Yu

    2017-01-18

    Negative thermal expansion (NTE) originating from the transverse thermal vibrations of metal atoms is seldom reported, which is why the transparent conducting oxide 2H CuScO2 is such a unique case. Using the density functional theory (DFT) and the quasi-harmonic approximation (QHA), the thermal properties of 2H CuScO2 were investigated. The coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) and the Grüneisen parameters of different vibrational modes were calculated, and we found that, up to a temperature of 200 K, 2H CuScO2 displays a strong NTE behavior along the c-axis (i.e. along the O-Cu-O linkage), with an average CTE of approximately -2 × 10(-6) K(-1). Our calculations are consistent with the experimental values. Furthermore, we reveal that low energy modes (0-150 cm(-1)) originating from the cooperation of transverse vibrations of Cu and O atoms, which result in larger negative Grüneisen parameters and vibrational frequency softening phenomenon under pressure, are the main reasons for the NTE of such materials with a 2H structure. Our findings not only provide a better understanding of the NTE mechanism, but also present a report on detailed abnormal thermal properties in 2H CuScO2 that have applications in electronic, electrochemical and optoelectronic devices.

  5. Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) isolated from ready-to-eat food of animal origin--phenotypic and genotypic antibiotic resistance.

    PubMed

    Chajęcka-Wierzchowska, Wioleta; Zadernowska, Anna; Nalepa, Beata; Sierpińska, Magda; Łaniewska-Trokenheim, Łucja

    2015-04-01

    The aim of this work was to study the pheno- and genotypical antimicrobial resistance profile of coagulase negative staphylococci (CoNS) isolated from 146 ready-to-eat food of animal origin (cheeses, cured meats, sausages, smoked fishes). 58 strains were isolated, they were classified as Staphylococcus xylosus (n = 29), Staphylococcus epidermidis (n = 16); Staphylococcus lentus (n = 7); Staphylococcus saprophyticus (n = 4); Staphylococcus hyicus (n = 1) and Staphylococcus simulans (n = 1) by phenotypic and genotypic methods. Isolates were tested for resistance to erythromycin, clindamycin, gentamicin, cefoxitin, norfloxacin, ciprofloxacin, tetracycline, tigecycline, rifampicin, nitrofurantoin, linezolid, trimetoprim, sulphamethoxazole/trimethoprim, chloramphenicol, quinupristin/dalfopristin by the disk diffusion method. PCR was used for the detection of antibiotic resistance genes encoding: methicillin resistance--mecA; macrolide resistance--erm(A), erm(B), erm(C), mrs(A/B); efflux proteins tet(K) and tet(L) and ribosomal protection proteins tet(M). For all the tet(M)-positive isolates the presence of conjugative transposons of the Tn916-Tn1545 family was determined. Most of the isolates were resistant to cefoxitin (41.3%) followed by clindamycin (36.2%), tigecycline (24.1%), rifampicin (17.2%) and erythromycin (13.8%). 32.2% staphylococcal isolates were multidrug resistant (MDR). All methicillin resistant staphylococci harboured mecA gene. Isolates, phenotypic resistant to tetracycline, harboured at least one tetracycline resistance determinant on which tet(M) was most frequent. All of the isolates positive for tet(M) genes were positive for the Tn916-Tn1545 -like integrase family gene. In the erythromycin-resistant isolates, the macrolide resistance genes erm(C) or msr(A/B) were present. Although coagulase-negative staphylococci are not classical food poisoning bacteria, its presence in food could be of public health significance due to the possible spread of

  6. Antimicrobial resistance pattern of gram-negative bacteria of nosocomial origin at a teaching hospital in the Islamic Republic of Iran.

    PubMed

    Khalili, H; Soltani, R; Safhami, S; Dashti-Khavidaki, S; Alijani, B

    2012-02-01

    The emergence of antimicrobial resistance is a global problem in the community and in hospitals. Antibiotic resistance of Gram-negative bacteria from nosocomial infections were evaluated during a 6-month period at Shariati teaching hospital, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran. Susceptibility tests were performed on 570 Gram-negative isolates obtained from clinical samples of patients infected after at least 72 hours stay in the hospital. Escherichia coli was the most frequently isolated Gram-negative organism (42.6%). The highest rate of resistance in Gram-negative isolates was seen in the intensive care unit, with Acinetobacter spp. as the most resistant organisms. Gentamicin was the most effective antibiotic against E. coli and all other isolates, while ciprofloxacin was also effective against a wide range of other species. Antibiotic resistant Gram-negative nosocomial infection is prevalent in this teaching hospital in Tehran.

  7. More Information From Fewer Questions: The Factor Structure and Item Properties of the Original and Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodebaugh, Thomas L.; Woods, Carol M.; Thissen, David M.; Heimberg, Richard G.; Chambless, Dianne L.; Rapee, Ronald M.

    2004-01-01

    Statistical methods designed for categorical data were used to perform confirmatory factor analyses and item response theory (IRT) analyses of the Fear of Negative Evaluation scale (FNE; D. Watson & R. Friend, 1969) and the Brief FNE (BFNE; M. R. Leary, 1983). Results suggested that a 2-factor model fit the data better for both the FNE and the…

  8. Negative evidence for effects of genetic origin of bees on Nosema ceranae, positive evidence for effects of Nosema ceranae on bees

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Colonies of different origins were sampled monthly to detect possible differential infection with Nosema ceranae, and colony sizes and queen status were monitored quarterly. One experiment used queens from colonies with high and low infections instrumentally inseminated with drones of the same type...

  9. Origin of attendant phenomena of bipolar resistive switching and negative differential resistance in SrTiO{sub 3}:Nb/ZnO heterojunctions

    SciTech Connect

    Jia, C. H.; Sun, X. W.; Li, G. Q.; Zhang, W. F. E-mail: wfzhang6@163.com; Chen, Y. H.

    2014-01-27

    Epitaxial ZnO thin films were grown on SrTiO{sub 3}:Nb (NSTO) substrates by pulsed laser deposition. The NSTO/ZnO heterojunctions exhibit a typical rectification characteristic under a small voltage, while two attendant behaviors of bipolar resistive switching and negative differential resistance appear under a large voltage. The NSTO/ZnO heterojunctions show extremely weak resistance switching hysteresis without applying a forward bias. However, when the forward bias increases to some extent, the hysteresis becomes more and more prominent and negative differential resistance gradually appears. Furthermore, the high resistance state is obtained when sweeping from negative to positive voltage bias, and vice versa. We propose a model for these behaviors at NSTO/ZnO interface, in which the space charge region in ZnO is wide in high resistance state when the interface state is unoccupied, while the space charge region becomes narrower in low resistance state due to Fermi pinning when the interface state is completely occupied, and the low resistance state is remained until electrons are detrapped from the interface state.

  10. The origin of anomalous peak and negative capacitance in the forward bias capacitance-voltage characteristics of Au/PVA/n-Si structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Altındal, Şemsettin; Uslu, Habibe

    2011-04-01

    The frequency dependence of capacitance-voltage (C-V) and conductance-voltage (G/ω-V) characteristics of the Au/polyvinyl alcohol (Ni, Zn-doped)/n-Si Schottky barrier diodes (SBDs) was investigated in the frequency range of 3 kHz-3 MHz at room temperature by considering series resistance (Rs) and interface states (Nss) effects. The C-V and G/ω-V characteristics confirm that the Rs and Nss are important parameters that strongly influence the electrical parameters of SBDs. The C-V plots show an intersection point (˜2.9 V) at low frequencies (f ≤ 30 kHz) and then take negative values, which is known as negative capacitance (NC) behavior. The negativity of the C increases with the decreasing frequency in the forward bias voltage region, and this decrement in the NC corresponds to the increment in the conductance. Also, the forward bias C-V plots show an anomalous peak in the voltage range of 1.55-1.9 V depending on the frequency such that the anomalous peaks shift toward positive voltage values with the increasing frequency. The effect of Rs on the C is found appreciable at high frequencies. In addition, the values of Nss and Rs are found to decrease with the increasing frequency.

  11. Genetic origin of the relationship between parental negativity and behavior problems from early childhood to adolescence: a longitudinal genetically sensitive study.

    PubMed

    Alemany, Silvia; Rijsdijk, Frühling V; Haworth, Claire Margaret Alison; Fañanás, Lourdes; Plomin, Robert

    2013-05-01

    Little is known about how genetic and environmental factors contribute to the association between parental negativity and behavior problems from early childhood to adolescence. The current study fitted a cross-lagged model in a sample consisting of 4,075 twin pairs to explore (a) the role of genetic and environmental factors in the relationship between parental negativity and behavior problems from age 4 to age 12, (b) whether parent-driven and child-driven processes independently explain the association, and (c) whether there are sex differences in this relationship. Both phenotypes showed substantial genetic influence at both ages. The concurrent overlap between them was mainly accounted for by genetic factors. Causal pathways representing stability of the phenotypes and parent-driven and child-driven effects significantly and independently account for the association. Significant but slight differences were found between males and females for parent-driven effects. These results were highly similar when general cognitive ability was added as a covariate. In summary, the longitudinal association between parental negativity and behavior problems seems to be bidirectional and mainly accounted for by genetic factors. Furthermore, child-driven effects were mainly genetically mediated, and parent-driven effects were a function of both genetic and shared-environmental factors.

  12. Quartz: structural and thermodynamic analyses across the α ↔ β transition with origin of negative thermal expansion (NTE) in β quartz and calcite.

    PubMed

    Antao, Sytle M

    2016-04-01

    The temperature variation, T, of the crystal structure of quartz, SiO2, from 298 to 1235 K was obtained with synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction data and Rietveld structure refinements. The polymorphic transformation from P3221 (low-T, α quartz) to P6222 (high-T, β quartz) occurs at a transition temperature, Ttr = 847 K. The T variations of spontaneous strains and several structural parameters are fitted to an order parameter, Q, using Landau theory. The change in Si atom coordinate, Six, gives Ttr - Tc = 0.49 K, which indicates an α ↔ β transition that is weakly first order and nearly tricritical in character (Q(4) ∝ T). Strains give higher Ttr - Tc values (≃ 7 K). Other fitted parameters are the oxygen Oz coordinate, Si-Si distance, Si-O-Si and ϕ angles, and intensity of the (111) reflection, I111. In α quartz, the Si-Si distance increases with T because of cation repulsion, so the Si-O-Si angle increases (and ϕ decreases) and causes the thermal expansion of the framework structure that consists of corner-sharing distorted rigid SiO4 tetrahedra. The Si-Si distances contract with T and cause negative thermal expansion (NTE) in β quartz because of increasing thermal librations of the O atom in the Si-O-Si linkage that occur nearly perpendicular to the Si-Si contraction. In calcite, CaCO3, the short Ca-Ca distance expands with T, but the next-nearest Ca-Ca distance, which is of equal length to the a axis, contracts with T and causes NTE along the a axis. The thermal librations of the atoms in the rigid CO3 group increase with T along the c axis.

  13. Origin of graphitic filaments on improving the electron field emission properties of negative bias-enhanced grown ultrananocrystalline diamond films in CH{sub 4}/Ar plasma

    SciTech Connect

    Sankaran, K. J.; Tai, N. H. E-mail: nhtai@mse.nthu.edu.tw; Huang, B. R.; Saravanan, A.; Lin, I. N. E-mail: nhtai@mse.nthu.edu.tw

    2014-10-28

    Microstructural evolution of bias-enhanced grown (BEG) ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) films has been investigated using microwave plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition in gas mixtures of CH{sub 4} and Ar under different negative bias voltages ranging from −50 to −200 V. Scanning electron microscopy and Raman spectroscopy were used to characterize the morphology, growth rate, and chemical bonding of the synthesized films. Transmission electron microscopic investigation reveals that the application of bias voltage induced the formation of the nanographitic filaments in the grain boundaries of the films, in addition to the reduction of the size of diamond grains to ultra-nanosized granular structured grains. For BEG-UNCD films under −200 V, the electron field emission (EFE) process can be turned on at a field as small as 4.08 V/μm, attaining a EFE current density as large as 3.19 mA/cm{sup 2} at an applied field of 8.64 V/μm. But the films grown without bias (0 V) have mostly amorphous carbon phases in the grain boundaries, possessing poorer EFE than those of the films grown using bias. Consequently, the induction of nanographitic filaments in grain boundaries of UNCD films grown in CH{sub 4}/Ar plasma due to large applied bias voltage of −200 V is the prime factor, which possibly forms interconnected paths for facilitating the transport of electrons that markedly enhance the EFE properties.

  14. Quartz: structural and thermodynamic analyses across the α ↔ β transition with origin of negative thermal expansion (NTE) in β quartz and calcite

    SciTech Connect

    Antao, Sytle M.

    2016-04-01

    The temperature variation,T, of the crystal structure of quartz, SiO2, from 298 to 1235 K was obtained with synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction data and Rietveld structure refinements. The polymorphic transformation fromP3221 (low-T, α quartz) toP6222 (high-T, β quartz) occurs at a transition temperature,Ttr= 847 K. TheTvariations of spontaneous strains and several structural parameters are fitted to an order parameter,Q, using Landau theory. The change in Si atom coordinate, Six, givesTtr-Tc= 0.49 K, which indicates an α ↔ β transition that is weakly first order and nearly tricritical in character (Q4T). Strains give higherTtr-Tcvalues (≃ 7 K). Other fitted parameters are the oxygen Ozcoordinate, Si—Si distance, Si—O—Si and φ angles, and intensity of the (111) reflection,I111. In α quartz, the Si—Si distance increases withTbecause of cation repulsion, so the Si—O—Si angle increases (and φ decreases) and causes the thermal expansion of the framework structure that consists of corner-sharing distorted rigid SiO4tetrahedra. The Si—Si distances contract withTand cause negative thermal expansion (NTE) in β quartz because of increasing thermal librations of the O atom in the Si—O—Si linkage that occur nearly perpendicular to the Si—Si contraction. In calcite, CaCO3, the short Ca—Ca distance expands withT, but the next-nearest Ca—Ca distance, which is of equal length to theaaxis, contracts withTand causes NTE along

  15. The origin of the moon and the single impact hypothesis. III

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Benz, W.; Cameron, A. G. W.; Melosh, H. J.

    1989-01-01

    Calculations of the single-impact hypothesis for the origin of the moon were performed using the smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) code developed by Benz et al. (1986). Results are presented from calculations of a relatively low-level collision with an impactor mass in the range 6-8 x 10 to the 26th g. Several runs of the calculations are conducted for this mass range with variations in the SPH code, the equation of state, and the initial planetary models. The effects of these variations are compared. It is found that the orbiting mass is injected by gravitational torques.

  16. Multiple origins of the phenol reaction negative phenotype in foxtail millet, Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv., were caused by independent loss-of-function mutations of the polyphenol oxidase (Si7PPO) gene during domestication.

    PubMed

    Inoue, Takahiko; Yuo, Takahisa; Ohta, Takeshi; Hitomi, Eriko; Ichitani, Katsuyuki; Kawase, Makoto; Taketa, Shin; Fukunaga, Kenji

    2015-08-01

    frequencies of ca. 25-67 % and those with negative Phr were broadly found in Europe and Asia. The stop codon type was found in 285 accessions and was broadly distributed in Europe and Asia, whereas the TE-1 insertion type was found in 99 accessions from Europe and Asia but was not found in India. The 6-bp duplication type was found in only 8 accessions from Nansei Islands (Okinawa Prefecture) of Japan. We also analyzed Phr in the wild ancestor and concluded that the negative Phr type was likely to have originated after domestication of foxtail millet. It was also implied that negative Phr of foxtail millet arose by multiple independent loss of function of PPO gene through dispersal because of some advantages under some environmental conditions and human selection as in rice and barley.

  17. Thai Negation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alam, Samsul

    A study analyzed the structure of negative sentences in the Thai language, based on data gathered from two native speakers. It is shown that the Thai negative marker generally occurs between the noun phrase (subject) and the verb phrase in simple active sentences and in passive sentences. Negation of noun phrases is also allowed in Thai, with a…

  18. Double-negative acoustic metamaterial.

    PubMed

    Li, Jensen; Chan, C T

    2004-11-01

    We show here the existence of acoustic metamaterial, in which both the effective density and bulk modulus are simultaneously negative, in the true and strict sense of an effective medium. Our double-negative acoustic system is an acoustic analogue of Veselago's medium in electromagnetism, and shares many unique consequences, such as negative refractive index. The double negativity in acoustics is derived from low-frequency resonances, as in the case of electromagnetism, but the negative density and modulus are derived from a single resonance structure as distinct from electromagnetism in which the negative permeability and negative permittivity originates from different resonance mechanisms.

  19. NEGATIVE SYMPTOMS AND NEGATIVE SCHIZOPHRENIA

    PubMed Central

    Chaturvedi, S.K.; Gopinath, P.S.; Mathai, P. John; Michael, Albert

    1984-01-01

    SUMMARY This study determines the frequency distribution of prominent negative symptoms in a group of chronic, hospitalised schizophrenics. Thirty chronic Schizophrenic (D.S.M. III) patients were rated on the scale for Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS) and the prominent negative symptoms were correlated with age, sex and certain illness variables. Majority (80%) of patients had some or the other negative symptom, except thought blocking which was found in none. The subjective awareness of the symptoms was poor. Most negative symptoms were present to a severe degree in about 40% of cases. However, no significant correlation was found between severe negative symptoms and age or sex. Similarly, duration of illness, duration of hospitalisation or current medications did not influence negative symptoms to any appreciable degree. The implications are discussed. PMID:21965985

  20. Negative Certainty

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ariso, José María

    2017-01-01

    The definitions of "negative knowledge" and the studies in this regard published to date have not considered the categorial distinction Wittgenstein established between knowledge and certainty. Hence, the important role that certainty, despite its omission, should have in these definitions and studies has not yet been shown. In this…

  1. Negative Numbers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galbraith, Mary J.

    1974-01-01

    Examination of models for representing integers demonstrates that formal operational thought is required for establishing the operations on integers. Advocated is the use of many models for introducing negative numbers but, apart from addition, it is recommended that operations on integers be delayed until the formal operations stage. (JP)

  2. Negative-Frequency Resonant Radiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rubino, E.; McLenaghan, J.; Kehr, S. C.; Belgiorno, F.; Townsend, D.; Rohr, S.; Kuklewicz, C. E.; Leonhardt, U.; König, F.; Faccio, D.

    2012-06-01

    Optical solitons or solitonlike states shed light to blueshifted frequencies through a resonant emission process. We predict a mechanism by which a second propagating mode is generated. This mode, called negative resonant radiation, originates from the coupling of the soliton mode to the negative-frequency branch of the dispersion relation. Measurements in both bulk media and photonic-crystal fibers confirm our predictions.

  3. Negative hydrogen ion production mechanisms

    SciTech Connect

    Bacal, M.; Wada, M.

    2015-06-15

    Negative hydrogen/deuterium ions can be formed by processes occurring in the plasma volume and on surfaces facing the plasma. The principal mechanisms leading to the formation of these negative ions are dissociative electron attachment to ro-vibrationally excited hydrogen/deuterium molecules when the reaction takes place in the plasma volume, and the direct electron transfer from the low work function metal surface to the hydrogen/deuterium atoms when formation occurs on the surface. The existing theoretical models and reported experimental results on these two mechanisms are summarized. Performance of the negative hydrogen/deuterium ion sources that emerged from studies of these mechanisms is reviewed. Contemporary negative ion sources do not have negative ion production electrodes of original surface type sources but are operated with caesium with their structures nearly identical to volume production type sources. Reasons for enhanced negative ion current due to caesium addition to these sources are discussed.

  4. Negative hydrogen ion production mechanisms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bacal, M.; Wada, M.

    2015-06-01

    Negative hydrogen/deuterium ions can be formed by processes occurring in the plasma volume and on surfaces facing the plasma. The principal mechanisms leading to the formation of these negative ions are dissociative electron attachment to ro-vibrationally excited hydrogen/deuterium molecules when the reaction takes place in the plasma volume, and the direct electron transfer from the low work function metal surface to the hydrogen/deuterium atoms when formation occurs on the surface. The existing theoretical models and reported experimental results on these two mechanisms are summarized. Performance of the negative hydrogen/deuterium ion sources that emerged from studies of these mechanisms is reviewed. Contemporary negative ion sources do not have negative ion production electrodes of original surface type sources but are operated with caesium with their structures nearly identical to volume production type sources. Reasons for enhanced negative ion current due to caesium addition to these sources are discussed.

  5. Original Misunderstanding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holtzman, Alexander

    2009-01-01

    Humorist Josh Billings quipped, "About the most originality that any writer can hope to achieve honestly is to steal with good judgment." Billings was harsh in his view of originality, but his critique reveals a tension faced by students every time they write a history paper. Research is the essence of any history paper. Especially in high school,…

  6. Piezoelectric enhancement under negative pressure

    PubMed Central

    Kvasov, Alexander; McGilly, Leo J.; Wang, Jin; Shi, Zhiyong; Sandu, Cosmin S.; Sluka, Tomas; Tagantsev, Alexander K.; Setter, Nava

    2016-01-01

    Enhancement of ferroelectric properties, both spontaneous polarization and Curie temperature under negative pressure had been predicted in the past from first principles and recently confirmed experimentally. In contrast, piezoelectric properties are expected to increase by positive pressure, through polarization rotation. Here we investigate the piezoelectric response of the classical PbTiO3, Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 and BaTiO3 perovskite ferroelectrics under negative pressure from first principles and find significant enhancement. Piezoelectric response is then tested experimentally on free-standing PbTiO3 and Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 nanowires under self-sustained negative pressure, confirming the theoretical prediction. Numerical simulations verify that negative pressure in nanowires is the origin of the enhanced electromechanical properties. The results may be useful in the development of highly performing piezoelectrics, including lead-free ones. PMID:27396411

  7. Piezoelectric enhancement under negative pressure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kvasov, Alexander; McGilly, Leo J.; Wang, Jin; Shi, Zhiyong; Sandu, Cosmin S.; Sluka, Tomas; Tagantsev, Alexander K.; Setter, Nava

    2016-07-01

    Enhancement of ferroelectric properties, both spontaneous polarization and Curie temperature under negative pressure had been predicted in the past from first principles and recently confirmed experimentally. In contrast, piezoelectric properties are expected to increase by positive pressure, through polarization rotation. Here we investigate the piezoelectric response of the classical PbTiO3, Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 and BaTiO3 perovskite ferroelectrics under negative pressure from first principles and find significant enhancement. Piezoelectric response is then tested experimentally on free-standing PbTiO3 and Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 nanowires under self-sustained negative pressure, confirming the theoretical prediction. Numerical simulations verify that negative pressure in nanowires is the origin of the enhanced electromechanical properties. The results may be useful in the development of highly performing piezoelectrics, including lead-free ones.

  8. 2. Aerial plan view of Longacres in January 1991. (This ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Aerial plan view of Longacres in January 1991. (This photograph is an 8x10' enlargement made from a 4x5' two-step duplicate negative. The original color negative is in the collection of The Boeing Co., Renton, WA. Photograph by Nies Mapping Group, Bellevue, WA.) - Longacres, 1621 Southwest Sixteenth Street, Renton, King County, WA

  9. 1. Aerial plan view of Longacres in 1936. (This photograph ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Aerial plan view of Longacres in 1936. (This photograph is an 8x10' enlargement made from a 4x5' two-step duplicate negative. The original negative is in the collection of The Boeing Co., Renton, WA. Photograph by Walker and Associates, Seattle, WA.) - Longacres, 1621 Southwest Sixteenth Street, Renton, King County, WA

  10. Originator dynamics

    PubMed Central

    Manapat, Michael; Ohtsuki, Hisashi; Bürger, Reinhard; Nowak, Martin A.

    2009-01-01

    We study the origin of evolution. Evolution is based on replication, mutation, and selection. But how does evolution begin? When do chemical kinetics turn into evolutionary dynamics? We propose “prelife” and “prevolution” as the logical precursors of life and evolution. Prelife generates sequences of variable length. Prelife is a generative chemistry that proliferates information and produces diversity without replication. The resulting “prevolutionary dynamics” have mutation and selection. We propose an equation that allows us to investigate the origin of evolution. In one limit, this “originator equation” gives the classical selection equation. In the other limit, we obtain “prelife.” There is competition between life and prelife and there can be selection for or against replication. Simple prelife equations with uniform rate constants have the property that longer sequences are exponentially less frequent than shorter ones. But replication can reverse such an ordering. As the replication rate increases, some longer sequences can become more frequent than shorter ones. Thus, replication can lead to “reversals” in the equilibrium portraits. We study these reversals, which mark the transition from prelife to life in our model. If the replication potential exceeds a critical value, then life replicates into existence. PMID:18996397

  11. On Multiplying Negative Numbers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crowley, Mary L.; Dunn, Kenneth A.

    1985-01-01

    Comments on the history of negative numbers, some methods that can be used to introduce the multiplication of negative numbers to students, and an explanation of why the product of two negative numbers is a positive number are included. (MNS)

  12. Voloshina I.B., Metlov V.G., Shugarov S.Yu., Golovin A.V., Antoniuk O.I. Positive and Negative Superhumps of the Dwarf Nova MN Dra

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Samsonov, D. A.; Pavlenko, E. P.; Andreev, M. V.; Sklyanov, A.; Zubareva, A. M.

    2010-12-01

    We present the result of O-C analysis of the dwarf nova MN Dra. It is based on the multi-site photometric observations that were made over 77 nights in August - November, 2009. The total exposure was 433 hours. During this time binary underwent two superoutbursts and five normal outbursts. In superoutbursts the positive superhumps decreased with extremely large P = -(3 - 8) x 10-4 for SU UMa-like dwarf novae, confirming the known behavior of MN Dra in 2003. MN Dra displayed large-amplitude (up to 1.4m in quiescence and 0.1m-0.2m in normal outbursts) negative superhumps. The improved value of negative superhump period is 0.095952(4) d.

  13. The Origins of Neuroticism.

    PubMed

    Barlow, David H; Ellard, Kristen K; Sauer-Zavala, Shannon; Bullis, Jacqueline R; Carl, Jenna R

    2014-09-01

    In this article, we provide a fresh perspective on the developmental origins of neuroticism--a dimension of temperament marked by elevated stress reactivity resulting in the frequent experience of negative emotions. This negative affectivity is accompanied by a pervasive perception that the world is a dangerous and threatening place, along with beliefs about one's inability to manage or cope with challenging events. Historically, neuroticism has been viewed as a stable, genetically based trait. However, recent understanding of ongoing gene-environment interactions that occur throughout the life span suggests there may be a more complex and dynamic etiology. Thus, the purpose of this article is to offer a theory for understanding the development of neuroticism that integrates genetic, neurobiological, and environmental contributions to this trait. Given the strong correlation between neuroticism and the development of negative health outcomes--most notably, the full range of anxiety and mood disorders--an enhanced understanding of how neuroticism originates has implications for the treatment and prevention of a broad range of pathologies and, perhaps, even for the prevention of neuroticism itself.

  14. Improved negative ion source

    DOEpatents

    Delmore, J.E.

    1984-05-01

    A method and apparatus for providing a negative ion source accelerates electrons away from a hot filament electron emitter into a region of crossed electric and magnetic fields arranged in a magnetron configuration. During a portion of the resulting cycloidal path, the electron velocity is reduced below its initial value. The electron accelerates as it leaves the surface at a rate of only slightly less than if there were no magnetic field, thereby preventing a charge buildup at the surface of the emitter. As the electron traverses the cycloid, it is decelerated during the second, third, and fourth quadrants, then reaccelerated as it approaches the end of the fourth quadrant to regain its original velocity. The minimum velocity occurs during the fourth quadrant, and corresponds to an electron temperature of 200 to 500/sup 0/C for the electric and magnetic fields commonly encountered in the ion sources of magnetic sector mass spectrometers. An ion source using the above-described thermalized electrons is also disclosed.

  15. Negative ion source

    DOEpatents

    Delmore, James E.

    1987-01-01

    A method and apparatus for providing a negative ion source accelerates electrons away from a hot filament electron emitter into a region of crossed electric and magnetic fields arranged in a magnetron configuration. During a portion of the resulting cycloidal path, the electron velocity is reduced below its initial value. The electron accelerates as it leaves the surface at a rate of only slightly less than if there were no magnetic field, thereby preventing a charge buildup at the surface of the emitter. As the electron traverses the cycloid, it is decelerated during the second, third, and fourth quadrants, then reeccelerated as it approaches the end of the fourth quadrant to regain its original velocity. The minimum velocity occurs during the fourth quadrant, and corresponds to an electron temperature of 200.degree. to 500.degree. for the electric and magnetic fields commonly encountered in the ion sources of magnetic sector mass spectrometers. An ion source using the above-described thermalized electrons is also disclosed.

  16. 19 CFR 10.618 - Issuance of negative origin determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... subpart should be denied, it will issue a determination in writing or via an authorized electronic data interchange system to the importer that sets forth the following: (a) A description of the good that was...

  17. 19 CFR 10.618 - Issuance of negative origin determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... subpart should be denied, it will issue a determination in writing or via an authorized electronic data interchange system to the importer that sets forth the following: (a) A description of the good that was...

  18. 19 CFR 10.618 - Issuance of negative origin determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... subpart should be denied, it will issue a determination in writing or via an authorized electronic data interchange system to the importer that sets forth the following: (a) A description of the good that was...

  19. 19 CFR 10.618 - Issuance of negative origin determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... subpart should be denied, it will issue a determination in writing or via an authorized electronic data interchange system to the importer that sets forth the following: (a) A description of the good that was...

  20. 19 CFR 10.618 - Issuance of negative origin determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... subpart should be denied, it will issue a determination in writing or via an authorized electronic data interchange system to the importer that sets forth the following: (a) A description of the good that was...

  1. Culture-negative endocarditis

    MedlinePlus

    ... inflammation of the lining of one or more heart valves, but no endocarditis-causing germs can be found ... the heart, where they can settle on damaged heart valves. Alternative Names Endocarditis (culture-negative) Images Culture-negative ...

  2. Negative ion generator

    DOEpatents

    Stinnett, Regan W.

    1984-01-01

    A negative ion generator is formed from a magnetically insulated transmission line having a coating of graphite on the cathode for producing negative ions and a plurality of apertures on the opposed anode for the release of negative ions. Magnetic insulation keeps electrons from flowing from the cathode to the anode. A transverse magnetic field removes electrons which do escape through the apertures from the trajectory of the negative ions.

  3. Negative ion generator

    DOEpatents

    Stinnett, R.W.

    1984-05-08

    A negative ion generator is formed from a magnetically insulated transmission line having a coating of graphite on the cathode for producing negative ions and a plurality of apertures on the opposed anode for the release of negative ions. Magnetic insulation keeps electrons from flowing from the cathode to the anode. A transverse magnetic field removes electrons which do escape through the apertures from the trajectory of the negative ions. 8 figs.

  4. Sentential Negation in English

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mowarin, Macaulay

    2009-01-01

    This paper undertakes a detailed analysis of sentential negation in the English language with Chomsky's Government-Binding theory of Transformational Grammar as theoretical model. It distinguishes between constituent and sentential negation in English. The essay identifies the exact position of Negation phrase in an English clause structure. It…

  5. Negative symptoms: psychopathological models.

    PubMed Central

    Ananth, J; Djenderdjian, A; Shamasunder, P; Costa, J; Herrera, J; Sramek, J

    1991-01-01

    The psychopathological manifestations of schizophrenia have been broadly divided into positive and negative symptom groups. Even though there is no definitive consensus, psychomotor agitation, motor excitement, hallucinations, delusions and thought disorder constitute positive and psychomotor retardation, amotivation, apathy and decreased emotional expression are grouped into negative symptoms. The negative symptoms have been reported to appear late in the course of the illness and resistant to treatment with neuroleptics. While these claims have not been substantiated, the current interest on negative symptoms is related to the fact that many nonfunctioning institutionalized as well as ambulatory schizophrenics manifest negative symptoms. As chronic psychiatric beds have become scarce, many patients with negative symptoms who were harbored in the chronic mental hospitals have been released to the community care and some of these patients live on the streets. Thus their visibility has challenged psychiatry to focus its efforts on the etiology and treatment of negative symptoms. PMID:2049366

  6. 5. ARCHITECTURAL ELEVATIONS AND FLOOR PLAN OF GAS HOUSE, SHEET ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. ARCHITECTURAL ELEVATIONS AND FLOOR PLAN OF GAS HOUSE, SHEET 1 OF 1, 8' X 10' NEGATIVE AND PRINT MADE FROM COPIES OF ORIGINAL PLANS, MAY 18, 1936, WALLOWA-WHITMAN NATIONAL FOREST SUPERVISOR'S, OFFICE, BAKER CITY, OREGON. - Wallowa Ranger Station, Gas House, 602 First Street, Wallowa, Wallowa County, OR

  7. 26. Photocopy of photograph taken by W. Terry Averbeck, date ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    26. Photocopy of photograph taken by W. Terry Averbeck, date unknown. VIEW, LOOKING NORTHWEST, OF SECOND STREET BETWEEN SCOTT AND COURT STREETS, SHOWING PORTIONS OF THE ICE STORAGE BUILDING AND ORIGINAL SHIPPING AREA, NOW USED AS BAGGING/CRUSHING AREA (8x10' enlargement from 4x5' negative) - Champion Ice Manufacturing & Cold Storage Company, 40 East Second Street, Covington, Kenton County, KY

  8. 9. Photocopy of photograph, c. 1910. BIRD'S EYE VIEW OF ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Photocopy of photograph, c. 1910. BIRD'S EYE VIEW OF UNION CITY, LOOKING SOUTH. (Original in possession of the Erie County Historical Society.) 8'x10' enlargement from 4'x5' negative. - Bridge Street Bridge, Spanning Little French Creek at Bridge Street, Union City, Erie County, PA

  9. 14. Photocopy of1931 drawing titled: BUILDING 78, FIRE PROOF VAULTS ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. Photocopy of1931 drawing titled: BUILDING 78, FIRE PROOF VAULTS FOR GENERAL FILES; PLAN, ELEVATION, SECTIONS. HABS photograph is an 8x10' contact print made from a high contrast copy negative of the original drawing in the collection of Department of Public Works, Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, WA. - Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Administration Building, Farragut Avenue, Bremerton, Kitsap County, WA

  10. 1. Photocopy of landscape plan of Hornet Ranger Station, approved ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Photocopy of landscape plan of Hornet Ranger Station, approved 8-11-1936. Original on file with the Payette National Forest, Supervisor's Office, McCall, Idaho. Photograph is 8'x 10', enlarged from a 4'x 5' negative. LANDSCAPE PLANTING PLAN. - Hornet Ranger Station, Forest Service Road No. 50002, Council, Adams County, ID

  11. 3. Photocopy of improvement plan of Hornet Ranger Station, approved ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Photocopy of improvement plan of Hornet Ranger Station, approved January 1941. Original on file with the Payette National Forest, Supervisor's Office, McCall, Idaho. Photograph is 8'x 10', enlarged from a 4'x 5' negative. IMPROVEMENT PLAN. - Hornet Ranger Station, Forest Service Road No. 50002, Council, Adams County, ID

  12. 3. Photocopy of 1934 building plan adapted for use at ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Photocopy of 1934 building plan adapted for use at the Hornet Ranger Station. Original is on file with the Payette National Forest, Supervisor's Office, McCall, Idaho. Photograph is 8'x 10', enlarged from a 4'x 5' negative. PLAN R-4 #11, FOUR HORSE BARN, 1934. - Hornet Ranger Station, Four Horse Barn, Forest Service Road No. 50002, Council, Adams County, ID

  13. Negative Ion Density Fronts

    SciTech Connect

    Igor Kaganovich

    2000-12-18

    Negative ions tend to stratify in electronegative plasmas with hot electrons (electron temperature Te much larger than ion temperature Ti, Te > Ti ). The boundary separating a plasma containing negative ions, and a plasma, without negative ions, is usually thin, so that the negative ion density falls rapidly to zero-forming a negative ion density front. We review theoretical, experimental and numerical results giving the spatio-temporal evolution of negative ion density fronts during plasma ignition, the steady state, and extinction (afterglow). During plasma ignition, negative ion fronts are the result of the break of smooth plasma density profiles during nonlinear convection. In a steady-state plasma, the fronts are boundary layers with steepening of ion density profiles due to nonlinear convection also. But during plasma extinction, the ion fronts are of a completely different nature. Negative ions diffuse freely in the plasma core (no convection), whereas the negative ion front propagates towards the chamber walls with a nearly constant velocity. The concept of fronts turns out to be very effective in analysis of plasma density profile evolution in strongly non-isothermal plasmas.

  14. Negative Human Interaction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brannan, John M.

    1972-01-01

    This study is an effort to examine man's most negative experiences as he perceives them. The results indicated that teachers were involved more often than any other person in the most negative experience reported. Improved human relations skills are clearly indicated for those in higher education as well as in public schools. (Author)

  15. Negative Pressure Wound Therapy

    PubMed Central

    2006-01-01

    Executive Summary Objective This review was conducted to assess the effectiveness of negative pressure wound therapy. Clinical Need: Target Population and Condition Many wounds are difficult to heal, despite medical and nursing care. They may result from complications of an underlying disease, like diabetes; or from surgery, constant pressure, trauma, or burns. Chronic wounds are more often found in elderly people and in those with immunologic or chronic diseases. Chronic wounds may lead to impaired quality of life and functioning, to amputation, or even to death. The prevalence of chronic ulcers is difficult to ascertain. It varies by condition and complications due to the condition that caused the ulcer. There are, however, some data on condition-specific prevalence rates; for example, of patients with diabetes, 15% are thought to have foot ulcers at some time during their lives. The approximate community care cost of treating leg ulcers in Canada, without reference to cause, has been estimated at upward of $100 million per year. Surgically created wounds can also become chronic, especially if they become infected. For example, the reported incidence of sternal wound infections after median sternotomy is 1% to 5%. Abdominal surgery also creates large open wounds. Because it is sometimes necessary to leave these wounds open and allow them to heal on their own (secondary intention), some may become infected and be difficult to heal. Yet, little is known about the wound healing process, and this makes treating wounds challenging. Many types of interventions are used to treat wounds. Current best practice for the treatment of ulcers and other chronic wounds includes debridement (the removal of dead or contaminated tissue), which can be surgical, mechanical, or chemical; bacterial balance; and moisture balance. Treating the cause, ensuring good nutrition, and preventing primary infection also help wounds to heal. Saline or wet-to-moist dressings are reported as

  16. Origin of Waldenstrom's macroglobulinaemia.

    PubMed

    García-Sanz, Ramón; Jiménez, Cristina; Puig, Noemí; Paiva, Bruno; Gutiérrez, Norma C; Rodríguez-Otero, Paula; Almeida, Julia; San Miguel, Jesús; Orfão, Alberto; González, Marcos; Pérez-Andrés, Martín

    2016-06-01

    Waldenstrom's macroglobulinaemia (WM) is an MYD88(L265P)-mutated lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma that invades bone marrow and secretes monoclonal immunoglobulin M (IgM). WM cells are usually unable to undergo class switch recombination, and have mutated IGHV, with a typical immunophenotype CD19(+)/CD22(low+)/CD23(-)/CD25(+)/CD27(+)/CD45(+)/CD38(low+)/SmIgM(+) (negative for CD5, CD10, CD11c, CD103). This immunophenotype matches memory B cells (smIgM(-/+)/CD10(-)/CD19(+)/CD20(+)/CD27(+)/CD38(low+)/CD45(+)), representing 30% of B cells in the blood. Fifty percent of them have not undergone class switch recombination and are IgM(+). These cells have suffered somatic hypermutation as WM cells. Genetic abnormalities do not abrogate the capacity to progress to plasma cells that usually belong to the clonal WM compartment, with a normal immunophenotype and functional characteristics. However, some WM cells are CD27(-), MYD88(WT), without somatic hypermutation, or with class switch recombination capable of reactivation. Thus, most data support a B-memory-cell origin for WM, but a small fraction of cases may have a different origin.

  17. The origins of originality: the neural bases of creative thinking and originality.

    PubMed

    Shamay-Tsoory, S G; Adler, N; Aharon-Peretz, J; Perry, D; Mayseless, N

    2011-01-01

    Although creativity has been related to prefrontal activity, recent neurological case studies postulate that patients who have left frontal and temporal degeneration involving deterioration of language abilities may actually develop de novo artistic abilities. In this study, we propose a neural and cognitive model according to which a balance between the two hemispheres affects a major aspect of creative cognition, namely, originality. In order to examine the neural basis of originality, that is, the ability to produce statistically infrequent ideas, patients with localized lesions in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), inferior frontal gyrus (IFG), and posterior parietal and temporal cortex (PC), were assessed by two tasks involving divergent thinking and originality. Results indicate that lesions in the mPFC involved the most profound impairment in originality. Furthermore, precise anatomical mapping of lesions indicated that while the extent of lesion in the right mPFC was associated with impaired originality, lesions in the left PC were associated with somewhat elevated levels of originality. A positive correlation between creativity scores and left PC lesions indicated that the larger the lesion is in this area the greater the originality. On the other hand, a negative correlation was observed between originality scores and lesions in the right mPFC. It is concluded that the right mPFC is part of a right fronto-parietal network which is responsible for producing original ideas. It is possible that more linear cognitive processing such as language, mediated by left hemisphere structures interferes with creative cognition. Therefore, lesions in the left hemisphere may be associated with elevated levels of originality.

  18. Materials with negative stiffness

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jaglinski, Tim

    Negative stiffness, or a reversal in the usual assumed direction between causal forces and ensuing deformations, has been proposed as a pathway to materials which exceed theoretical performance bounds. Negative stiffness, as a concept, represents a relaxation of tacitly assumed material behavior, but it violates no natural laws. Negative stiffness, normally unstable without constraint, is permissible for stability under special conditions, for example a rigid boundary constraint so long as the material satisfies strong ellipticity in the parlance of elasticity. Hence, negative stiffness is not observed in materials or structures which are not constrained. If negative stiffness is allowed for inclusions of material, which are surrounded by a stabilizing positive stiffness matrix, composite theory predicts large increases in the mechanical damping and composite stiffness. The work herein explores several material systems which possess negative stiffness, and seeks to characterize the composite mechanical properties of these systems. Two metal matrix composite systems, namely Sn-VO2 and Sn-BaTIO3, were investigated. Here, negative stiffness arises from the ferroelastic phase transformations in the ceramic inclusions; stability is imparted by the tin matrix. Polycrystalline In-Tl and BaTIO 3 were also studied. Here, the entire material volume is phase transforming. Constraint is imparted on a small volume fraction of crystallites by the surrounding material. Various manifestations of negative stiffness were observed. Thermally broad damping peaks which depended upon thermal cycling were observed in the Sn-VO2 composites. Furthermore, mechanical instabilities were seen in composites intentionally designed to be unstable. Negative stiffness was indicated in the In-Tl alloy by magnification of damping peaks over those observed in single crystals, increases in damping peaks with increased cooling rates, occurrence of damping peaks before the appearance of martensite and

  19. Neuronal loss in familial frontotemporal dementia with ubiquitin-positive, tau-negative inclusions.

    PubMed

    Cairns, N J; Brännström, T; Khan, M N; Rossor, M N; Lantos, P L

    2003-06-01

    The neuronal density in the frontal, temporal, and parietal lobes was determined in nine cases of familial frontotemporal dementia with ubiquitin-positive, tau-negative inclusions (FTDU). The mean age at onset was 56.9 +/- 2.2 years and the duration of disease was 6.7 +/- 0.5 years. The mean age at death was 63.6 +/- 2.2 years. There was substantial loss (34%) of brain weight (877 +/- 73 g) in the familial cases in comparison with 10 normal aged controls (1326 +/- 50 g, P < 0.001). All of the familial FTDU cases showed atrophy of the frontal, temporal, and parietal lobes; neuronal loss; vacuolation in superficial laminae; reactive astrocytosis; and ubiquitin-positive, tau-negative intracytoplasmic and intranuclear inclusions and dystrophic neurites in varying sites and numbers. Neuronal loss was estimated in nine cases of familial FTDU and in 10 aged controls using a stereological probe, the optical "disector," and a computerized stereology system (CAST-Grid, Olympus, Denmark). There was a significant reduction in neuronal density in the frontal lobe (22.3 +/- 3.8 x 10(3)/mm(3)) of familial FTDU in comparison to aged controls (33.1 +/- 1.7 x 10(3) per mm(3), P < 0.05). An estimate of the relative numbers of neurons was calculated by multiplying the numerical density by the cortical thickness, which showed a striking loss of neurons of 56% in the frontal lobe, 52% loss in the temporal lobe, and a 49% loss in the parietal lobe of familial FTDU when compared to controls. This study shows that familial FTDU has profound focal neuronal loss in multiple association areas that relate to the clinical symptoms characteristic of the disease.

  20. Altered ketone body metabolism during gram-negative sepsis in the rat.

    PubMed

    Lanza-Jacoby, S; Rosato, E; Braccia, G; Tabares, A

    1990-11-01

    To investigate why blood ketone bodies are depressed during sepsis, the production and utilization of ketone bodies was studied in fasted control, fasted, Escherichia coli-treated, fed control, and fed E coli-treated rats. Gram-negative sepsis was induced by intravenous (IV) injection of 8 x 10(7) live colonies of E coli per 100 g body weight. Food was removed from the fasted rats after E coli injection. Fed rats were infused intragastrically with a nutritionally adequate diet for 5 days before inducing sepsis. Twenty-four hours after E coli injection, blood ketone bodies were reduced in fasted septic rats and fed septic rats compared with their respective control rats. Ketogenesis and oxidation of labeled palmitate was not altered in hepatocytes from fasted E coli-treated rats. Yet, ketogenesis declined significantly in hepatocytes from fed E coli-treated rats. Oxidation of labeled palmitate was also significantly reduced in hepatocytes from fed E coli-treated rats. Utilization of ketone bodies as measured by the incorporation of [3-14C]beta-hydroxybutyrate into CO2, increased over threefold in the diaphragm, 12% in the heart, and 19% in the kidneys from the fasted E coli-treated rats. In the fed state, incorporation of [3-14C]beta-hydroxybutyrate into CO2 was elevated fivefold in the heart, fourfold in the diaphragm, and over threefold in the kidneys from the septic rats. These results suggest that in the fasted state, plasma ketone bodies remain low during gram-negative sepsis because peripheral tissues use more ketone bodies and because liver ketogenesis is not increased to compensate for the increased utilization. In the fed state, the reduction in blood ketone bodies appears to be attributed to both impaired ketogenic capacity and increased peripheral utilization.

  1. Negative tandem mirror

    SciTech Connect

    Poulsen, P.; Allen, S.L.; Casper, T.A.; Grubb, D.P.; Jong, R.A.; Nexsen, W.E.; Porter, G.D.; Simonen, T.C.

    1981-11-30

    A tandem mirror configuration can be created by combining hot electron end cell plasmas with neutral beam pumping. A region of large negative potential formed in each end cell confines electrons in the central cell. The requirement of charge neutrality causes the central cell potential to become negative with respect to ground in order to confine ions as well as electrons. We discuss the method of producing and calculating the desired axial potential profile, and show the calculated axial potential profile and plasma parameters for a negative configuration of TMX-Upgrade.

  2. Negative birefringent polyimide films

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Harris, Frank W. (Inventor); Cheng, Stephen Z. D. (Inventor)

    1994-01-01

    A negative birefringent film, useful in liquid crystal displays, and a method for controlling the negative birefringence of a polyimide film is disclosed which allows the matching of an application to a targeted amount of birefringence by controlling the degree of in-plane orientation of the polyimide by the selection of functional groups within both the diamine and dianhydride segments of the polyimide which affect the polyimide backbone chain rigidity, linearity, and symmetry. The higher the rigidity, linearity and symmetry of the polyimide backbone, the larger the value of the negative birefringence of the polyimide film.

  3. Negative electrode composition

    DOEpatents

    Kaun, Thomas D.; Chilenskas, Albert A.

    1982-01-01

    A secondary electrochemical cell and a negative electrode composition for use therewith comprising a positive electrode containing an active material of a chalcogen or a transiton metal chalcogenide, a negative electrode containing a lithium-aluminum alloy and an amount of a ternary alloy sufficient to provide at least about 5 percent overcharge capacity relative to a negative electrode solely of the lithium-aluminum alloy, the ternary alloy comprising lithium, aluminum, and iron or cobalt, and an electrolyte containing lithium ions in contact with both of the positive and the negative electrodes. The ternary alloy is present in the electrode in the range of from about 5 percent to about 50 percent by weight of the electrode composition and may include lithium-aluminum-nickel alloy in combination with either the ternary iron or cobalt alloys. A plurality of series connected cells having overcharge capacity can be equalized on the discharge side without expensive electrical equipment.

  4. Logo and Negative Numbers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strawn, Candace A.

    1998-01-01

    Describes LOGO's turtle graphics capabilities based on a sixth-grade classroom's activities with negative numbers and Logo programming. A sidebar explains LOGO and offers suggestions to teachers for using LOGO effectively. (LRW)

  5. No to negative data

    SciTech Connect

    Wiley, H. S.

    2008-04-01

    A frequent criticism in biology is that we don’t publish our negative data. As a result, the literature has become biased towards papers that favor specific hypotheses1. Some scientists have become so concerned about this trend that they have created journals dedicated to publishing negative results (e.g. the Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine). Personally, I don’t think they should bother. I say this because I believe negative results are not worth publishing. Rest assured that I do not include drug studies that show a lack of effectiveness towards a specific disease or condition. This type of finding is significant in a societal context, not a scientific one, and thus we all have a vested interest in seeing this type of result published. I am talking about a set of experimental results that fail to support a particular hypothesis. The problem with these types of negative results is that they don’t actually advance science. Science is a set of ideas that can be supported by observations. A negative result does not support any specific idea, but only tells you what isn’t right. Well, there are only a small number of potential hypotheses that are correct, but essentially an infinite number of ideas are not correct. I don’t want to waste my time reading a paper about what doesn’t happen, just about those things that do. I can remember a positive result because I can associate it with a specific concept. What do I do with a negative one? It is hard enough to following the current literature. A flood of negative results would make that task all but impossible

  6. 9. Photocopy of October 1, 1903 photograph. Glass negative in ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Photocopy of October 1, 1903 photograph. Glass negative in Paul A. Kohl's office, Missouri Botanical Garden. VIEW FROM THE SOUTHEAST, SHOWING ORIGINAL PONDS AND PERGOLA - Missouri Botanical Garden, Linnaean House, 2345 Tower Grove Avenue, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO

  7. The Negative Repetition Effect

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulligan, Neil W.; Peterson, Daniel J.

    2013-01-01

    A fundamental property of human memory is that repetition enhances memory. Peterson and Mulligan (2012) recently documented a surprising "negative repetition effect," in which participants who studied a list of cue-target pairs twice recalled fewer targets than a group who studied the pairs only once. Words within a pair rhymed, and…

  8. Scalar-tensor theory of gravitation with negative coupling constant

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smalley, L. L.; Eby, P. B.

    1976-01-01

    The possibility of a Brans-Dicke scalar-tensor gravitation theory with a negative coupling constant is considered. The admissibility of a negative-coupling theory is investigated, and a simplified cosmological solution is obtained which allows a negative derivative of the gravitation constant. It is concluded that a Brans-Dicke theory with a negative coupling constant can be a viable alternative to general relativity and that a large negative value for the coupling constant seems to bring the original scalar-tensor theory into close agreement with perihelion-precession results in view of recent observations of small solar oblateness.

  9. 22. Photocopy of photograph. Horgan, November 22, 1920. Negative #D ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    22. Photocopy of photograph. Horgan, November 22, 1920. Negative #D & H 20969 Original negative can be found in D & H collection of the Anthracite Heritage Museum, Scranton, Pennsylvania. DETAILED INTERIOR VIEW SHOWING TOP OF JIGS AT TIME OF BREAKER CONSTRUCTION - Marvine Colliery, Breaker No. 2, West side Boulevard Avenue, between East Parker Street & Route 380, Scranton, Lackawanna County, PA

  10. 20. Photocopy of photograph. Horgan, February 7, 1921. Negative #D ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    20. Photocopy of photograph. Horgan, February 7, 1921. Negative #D & H 21895 Original negative can be found in D & H collection of the Anthracite Heritage Museum, Scranton, Pennsylvania. INTERIOR VIEW OF BREAKER, TOP FLOORS, SHOWING DETAIL OF TOP SCREENS AND CRUSHERS AT TIME OF CONSTRUCTION - Marvine Colliery, Breaker No. 2, West side Boulevard Avenue, between East Parker Street & Route 380, Scranton, Lackawanna County, PA

  11. 14. Photocopy of photograph. Horgan, 1922. Negative #D & H ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. Photocopy of photograph. Horgan, 1922. Negative #D & H 22413 Original negative can be found in D & H collection of the Anthracite Heritage Museum, Scranton, Pennsylvania. VIEW SHOWING EAST FACADE OF BREAKER, WITH RETAIL SCALES OFFICE IN FOREGROUND, LOOKING WEST - Marvine Colliery, Breaker No. 2, West side Boulevard Avenue, between East Parker Street & Route 380, Scranton, Lackawanna County, PA

  12. 17. Photocopy of photograph. Horgan, September 7, 1920. Negative # ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    17. Photocopy of photograph. Horgan, September 7, 1920. Negative # D & H 20907 Original negative can be found in D & H collection of the Anthracite Heritage Museum, Scranton, Pennsylvania. DETAIL VIEW SHOWING CONSTRUCTION OF CONVEYOR TUNNEL, LOOKING SOUTHWEST - Marvine Colliery, Breaker No. 2, West side Boulevard Avenue, between East Parker Street & Route 380, Scranton, Lackawanna County, PA

  13. 10. Photocopy of photograph. Negative D & H 147. Bunnell, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. Photocopy of photograph. Negative D & H 147. Bunnell, date unknown Original negative can be found in D & H collection of the Anthracite Heritage Museum, Scranton, Pennsylvania. VIEW OF BOILER EQUIPMENT, MARVINE COLLIERY - Marvine Colliery, Boiler House No. 2, West side Boulevard Avenue, between East Parker Street & Route 380, Scranton, Lackawanna County, PA

  14. 23. Photocopy of photograph. Horgan, December 28, 1920. Negative #D ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    23. Photocopy of photograph. Horgan, December 28, 1920. Negative #D & H 21850 Original negative can be found in D & H collection of the Anthracite Heritage Museum, Scranton, Pennsylvania. DETAILED INTERIOR VIEW OF FIRST FLOOR LOADING CHUTES AT EAST END OF BREAKER - Marvine Colliery, Breaker No. 2, West side Boulevard Avenue, between East Parker Street & Route 380, Scranton, Lackawanna County, PA

  15. Negative refraction and superconductivity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Amariti, Antonio; Forcella, Davide; Mariotti, Alberto; Siani, Massimo

    2011-10-01

    We discuss exotic properties of charged hydrodynamical systems, in the broken superconducting phase, probed by electromagnetic waves. Motivated by general arguments from hydrodynamics, we observe that negative refraction, namely the propagation in opposite directions of the phase velocities and of the energy flux, is expected for low enough frequencies. We corroborate this general idea by analyzing a holographic superconductor in the AdS/CFT correspondence, where the response functions can be explicitly computed. We study the dual gravitational theory both in the probe and in the backreacted case. We find that, while in the first case the refractive index is positive at every frequency, in the second case there is negative refraction at low enough frequencies. This is in agreement with hydrodynamic considerations.

  16. Negative Emissions Technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Day, Danny

    2006-04-01

    Although `negative emissions' of carbon dioxide need not, in principle, involve use of biological processes to draw carbon out of the atmosphere, such `agricultural' sequestration' is the only known way to remove carbon from the atmosphere on time scales comparable to the time scale for anthropogenic increases in carbon emissions. In order to maintain the `negative emissions' the biomass must be used in such a way that the resulting carbon dioxide is separated and permanently sequestered. Two options for sequestration are in the topsoil and via geologic carbon sequestration. The former has multiple benefits, but the latter also is needed. Thus, although geologic carbon sequestration is viewed skeptically by some environmentalists as simply a way to keep using fossil fuels---it may be a key part of reversing accelerating climate forcing if rapid climate change is beginning to occur. I will first review the general approach of agricultural sequestration combined with use of resulting biofuels in a way that permits carbon separation and then geologic sequestration as a negative emissions technology. Then I discuss the process that is the focus of my company---the EPRIDA cycle. If deployed at a sufficiently large scale, it could reverse the increase in CO2 concentrations. I also estimate of benefits --carbon and other---of large scale deployment of negative emissions technologies. For example, using the EPRIDA cycle by planting and soil sequestering carbon in an area abut In 3X the size of Texas would remove the amount of carbon that is being accumulated worldwide each year. In addition to the atmospheric carbon removal, the EPRIDA approach also counters the depletion of carbon in the soil---increasing topsoil and its fertility; reduces the excess nitrogen in the water by eliminating the need for ammonium nitrate fertilizer and reduces fossil fuel reliance by providing biofuel and avoiding natural gas based fertilizer production.

  17. Negative capacitance in multidomain ferroelectric superlattices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zubko, Pavlo; Wojdeł, Jacek C.; Hadjimichael, Marios; Fernandez-Pena, Stéphanie; Sené, Anaïs; Luk'Yanchuk, Igor; Triscone, Jean-Marc; Íñiguez, Jorge

    2016-06-01

    The stability of spontaneous electrical polarization in ferroelectrics is fundamental to many of their current applications, which range from the simple electric cigarette lighter to non-volatile random access memories. Research on nanoscale ferroelectrics reveals that their behaviour is profoundly different from that in bulk ferroelectrics, which could lead to new phenomena with potential for future devices. As ferroelectrics become thinner, maintaining a stable polarization becomes increasingly challenging. On the other hand, intentionally destabilizing this polarization can cause the effective electric permittivity of a ferroelectric to become negative, enabling it to behave as a negative capacitance when integrated in a heterostructure. Negative capacitance has been proposed as a way of overcoming fundamental limitations on the power consumption of field-effect transistors. However, experimental demonstrations of this phenomenon remain contentious. The prevalent interpretations based on homogeneous polarization models are difficult to reconcile with the expected strong tendency for domain formation, but the effect of domains on negative capacitance has received little attention. Here we report negative capacitance in a model system of multidomain ferroelectric-dielectric superlattices across a wide range of temperatures, in both the ferroelectric and paraelectric phases. Using a phenomenological model, we show that domain-wall motion not only gives rise to negative permittivity, but can also enhance, rather than limit, its temperature range. Our first-principles-based atomistic simulations provide detailed microscopic insight into the origin of this phenomenon, identifying the dominant contribution of near-interface layers and paving the way for its future exploitation.

  18. Negative capacitance in multidomain ferroelectric superlattices.

    PubMed

    Zubko, Pavlo; Wojdeł, Jacek C; Hadjimichael, Marios; Fernandez-Pena, Stéphanie; Sené, Anaïs; Luk'yanchuk, Igor; Triscone, Jean-Marc; Íñiguez, Jorge

    2016-06-23

    The stability of spontaneous electrical polarization in ferroelectrics is fundamental to many of their current applications, which range from the simple electric cigarette lighter to non-volatile random access memories. Research on nanoscale ferroelectrics reveals that their behaviour is profoundly different from that in bulk ferroelectrics, which could lead to new phenomena with potential for future devices. As ferroelectrics become thinner, maintaining a stable polarization becomes increasingly challenging. On the other hand, intentionally destabilizing this polarization can cause the effective electric permittivity of a ferroelectric to become negative, enabling it to behave as a negative capacitance when integrated in a heterostructure. Negative capacitance has been proposed as a way of overcoming fundamental limitations on the power consumption of field-effect transistors. However, experimental demonstrations of this phenomenon remain contentious. The prevalent interpretations based on homogeneous polarization models are difficult to reconcile with the expected strong tendency for domain formation, but the effect of domains on negative capacitance has received little attention. Here we report negative capacitance in a model system of multidomain ferroelectric-dielectric superlattices across a wide range of temperatures, in both the ferroelectric and paraelectric phases. Using a phenomenological model, we show that domain-wall motion not only gives rise to negative permittivity, but can also enhance, rather than limit, its temperature range. Our first-principles-based atomistic simulations provide detailed microscopic insight into the origin of this phenomenon, identifying the dominant contribution of near-interface layers and paving the way for its future exploitation.

  19. Classroom Management and Negative Reinforcement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tauber, Robert T.

    Of the four simple consequences for behavior, none is more misunderstood than negative reinforcement. A Negative Reinforcement Quiz administered to 233 student teachers from two universities revealed that the vast majority of respondents mistakenly viewed negative reinforcement as a synonym for punishment, and believe that negative reinforcement…

  20. Negative magnetoresistivity in holography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, Ya-Wen; Yang, Qing

    2016-09-01

    Negative magnetoresistivity is a special magnetotransport property associated with chiral anomaly in four dimensional chiral anomalous systems, which refers to the transport behavior that the DC longitudinal magnetoresistivity decreases with increasing magnetic field. We calculate the longitudinal magnetoconductivity in the presence of back-reactions of the magnetic field to gravity in holographic zero charge and axial charge density systems with and without axial charge dissipation. In the absence of axial charge dissipation, we find that the quantum critical conductivity grows with increasing magnetic field when the backreaction strength is larger than a critical value, in contrast to the monotonically decreasing behavior of quantum critical conductivity in the probe limit. With axial charge dissipation, we find the negative magnetoresistivity behavior. The DC longitudinal magnetoconductivity scales as B in the large magnetic field limit, which deviates from the exact B 2 scaling of the probe limit result. In both cases, the small frequency longitudinal magnetoconductivity still agrees with the formula obtained from the hydrodynamic linear response theory, even in the large magnetic field limit.

  1. Polarized negative ions

    SciTech Connect

    Haeberli, W.

    1981-04-01

    This paper presents a survey of methods, commonly in use or under development, to produce beams of polarized negative ions for injection into accelerators. A short summary recalls how the hyperfine interaction is used to obtain nuclear polarization in beams of atoms. Atomic-beam sources for light ions are discussed. If the best presently known techniques are incorporated in all stages of the source, polarized H/sup -/ and D/sup -/ beams in excess of 10 ..mu..A can probably be achieved. Production of polarized ions from fast (keV) beams of polarized atoms is treated separately for atoms in the H(25) excited state (Lamb-Shift source) and atoms in the H(1S) ground state. The negative ion beam from Lamb-Shift sources has reached a plateau just above 1 ..mu..A, but this beam current is adequate for many applications and the somewhat lower beam current is compensated by other desirable characteristics. Sources using fast polarized ground state atoms are in a stage of intense development. The next sections summarize production of polarized heavy ions by the atomic beam method, which is well established, and by optical pumping, which has recently been demonstrated to yield very large nuclear polarization. A short discussion of proposed ion sources for polarized /sup 3/He/sup -/ ions is followed by some concluding remarks.

  2. 20. A PHOTOGRAPH OF A BLUEPRINT, IN FRAGILE CONDITION, SHOWING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    20. A PHOTOGRAPH OF A BLUEPRINT, IN FRAGILE CONDITION, SHOWING THE DESIGNER'S REINFORCING SYSTEM, ELEVATIONS, SECTIONS AND PARTIAL FOUNDATION PLANS. THE ORIGINAL IS IN THE PUTNAM COUNTY SURVEYOR'S OFFICE, COUNTY COURTHOUSE, GREENCASTLE, INDIANA. (FOR CLARITY, AN 8'X10' ENLARGEMENT FROM THE ORIGINAL 4'X5' NEGATIVE HAS BEEN PROVIDED.) - Putnam County Bridge No. 111, Spanning Little Walnut Creek on County Road 50, Greencastle, Putnam County, IN

  3. Negative ion source

    DOEpatents

    Leung, Ka-Ngo; Ehlers, Kenneth W.

    1984-01-01

    An ionization vessel is divided into an ionizing zone and an extraction zone by a magnetic filter. The magnetic filter prevents high-energy electrons from crossing from the ionizing zone to the extraction zone. A small positive voltage impressed on a plasma grid, located adjacent an extraction grid, positively biases the plasma in the extraction zone to thereby prevent positive ions from migrating from the ionizing zone to the extraction zone. Low-energy electrons, which would ordinarily be dragged by the positive ions into the extraction zone, are thereby prevented from being present in the extraction zone and being extracted along with negative ions by the extraction grid. Additional electrons are suppressed from the output flux using ExB drift provided by permanent magnets and the extractor grid electrical field.

  4. Negative ion source

    DOEpatents

    Leung, K.N.; Ehlers, K.W.

    1982-08-06

    An ionization vessel is divided into an ionizing zone and an extraction zone by a magnetic filter. The magnetic filter prevents high-energy electrons from crossing from the ionizing zone to the extraction zone. A small positive voltage impressed on a plasma grid, located adjacent an extraction grid, positively biases the plasma in the extraction zone to thereby prevent positive ions from migrating from the ionizing zone to the extraction zone. Low-energy electrons, which would ordinarily be dragged by the positive ions into the extraction zone, are thereby prevented from being present in the extraction zone and being extracted along with negative ions by the extraction grid. Additional electrons are suppressed from the output flux using ExB drift provided by permanent magnets and the extractor grid electrical field.

  5. Negative ion source

    DOEpatents

    Leung, K.N.; Ehlers, K.W.

    1984-12-04

    An ionization vessel is divided into an ionizing zone and an extraction zone by a magnetic filter. The magnetic filter prevents high-energy electrons from crossing from the ionizing zone to the extraction zone. A small positive voltage impressed on a plasma grid, located adjacent an extraction grid, positively biases the plasma in the extraction zone to thereby prevent positive ions from migrating from the ionizing zone to the extraction zone. Low-energy electrons, which would ordinarily be dragged by the positive ions into the extraction zone, are thereby prevented from being present in the extraction zone and being extracted along with negative ions by the extraction grid. Additional electrons are suppressed from the output flux using ExB drift provided by permanent magnets and the extractor grid electrical field. 14 figs.

  6. Do `negative' temperatures exist?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lavenda, B. H.

    1999-06-01

    A modification of the second law is required for a system with a bounded density of states and not the introduction of a `negative' temperature scale. The ascending and descending branches of the entropy versus energy curve describe particle and hole states, having thermal equations of state that are given by the Fermi and logistic distributions, respectively. Conservation of energy requires isentropic states to be isothermal. The effect of adiabatically reversing the field is entirely mechanical because the only difference between the two states is their energies. The laws of large and small numbers, leading to the normal and Poisson approximations, characterize statistically the states of infinite and zero temperatures, respectively. Since the heat capacity also vanishes in the state of maximum disorder, the third law can be generalized in systems with a bounded density of states: the entropy tends to a constant as the temperature tends to either zero or infinity.

  7. Negative Optical Torque

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Jun; Ng, Jack; Ding, Kun; Fung, Kin Hung; Lin, Zhifang; Chan, C. T.

    2014-09-01

    Light carries angular momentum, and as such it can exert torques on material objects. Applications of these opto-mechanical effects were limited initially due to their smallness in magnitude, but later becomes powerful and versatile after the invention of laser. Novel and practical approaches for harvesting light for particle rotation have since been demonstrated, where the structure is always subjected to a positive optical torque along a certain axis if the incident angular momentum has a positive projection on the same axis. We report here an interesting phenomenon of ``negative optical torque'', meaning that incoming photons carrying angular momentum rotate an object in the opposite sense. Surprisingly this can be realized quite straightforwardly in simple planar structures. Field retardation is a necessary condition and discrete rotational symmetry of material object plays an important role. The optimal conditions are explored and explained.

  8. Negative optical torque.

    PubMed

    Chen, Jun; Ng, Jack; Ding, Kun; Fung, Kin Hung; Lin, Zhifang; Chan, C T

    2014-09-17

    Light carries angular momentum, and as such it can exert torques on material objects. Applications of these opto-mechanical effects were limited initially due to their smallness in magnitude, but later becomes powerful and versatile after the invention of laser. Novel and practical approaches for harvesting light for particle rotation have since been demonstrated, where the structure is always subjected to a positive optical torque along a certain axis if the incident angular momentum has a positive projection on the same axis. We report here an interesting phenomenon of "negative optical torque", meaning that incoming photons carrying angular momentum rotate an object in the opposite sense. Surprisingly this can be realized quite straightforwardly in simple planar structures. Field retardation is a necessary condition and discrete rotational symmetry of material object plays an important role. The optimal conditions are explored and explained.

  9. Negative Entropy of Life

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goradia, Shantilal

    2015-10-01

    We modify Newtonian gravity to probabilistic quantum mechanical gravity to derive strong coupling. If this approach is valid, we should be able to extend it to the physical body (life) as follows. Using Boltzmann equation, we get the entropy of the universe (137) as if its reciprocal, the fine structure constant (ALPHA), is the hidden candidate representing the negative entropy of the universe which is indicative of the binary information as its basis (http://www.arXiv.org/pdf/physics0210040v5). Since ALPHA relates to cosmology, it must relate to molecular biology too, with the binary system as the fundamental source of information for the nucleotides of the DNA as implicit in the book by the author: ``Quantum Consciousness - The Road to Reality.'' We debate claims of anthropic principle based on the negligible variation of ALPHA and throw light on thermodynamics. We question constancy of G in multiple ways.

  10. Coagulase-negative staphylococci.

    PubMed

    Becker, Karsten; Heilmann, Christine; Peters, Georg

    2014-10-01

    The definition of the heterogeneous group of coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) is still based on diagnostic procedures that fulfill the clinical need to differentiate between Staphylococcus aureus and those staphylococci classified historically as being less or nonpathogenic. Due to patient- and procedure-related changes, CoNS now represent one of the major nosocomial pathogens, with S. epidermidis and S. haemolyticus being the most significant species. They account substantially for foreign body-related infections and infections in preterm newborns. While S. saprophyticus has been associated with acute urethritis, S. lugdunensis has a unique status, in some aspects resembling S. aureus in causing infectious endocarditis. In addition to CoNS found as food-associated saprophytes, many other CoNS species colonize the skin and mucous membranes of humans and animals and are less frequently involved in clinically manifested infections. This blurred gradation in terms of pathogenicity is reflected by species- and strain-specific virulence factors and the development of different host-defending strategies. Clearly, CoNS possess fewer virulence properties than S. aureus, with a respectively different disease spectrum. In this regard, host susceptibility is much more important. Therapeutically, CoNS are challenging due to the large proportion of methicillin-resistant strains and increasing numbers of isolates with less susceptibility to glycopeptides.

  11. Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci

    PubMed Central

    Heilmann, Christine; Peters, Georg

    2014-01-01

    SUMMARY The definition of the heterogeneous group of coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) is still based on diagnostic procedures that fulfill the clinical need to differentiate between Staphylococcus aureus and those staphylococci classified historically as being less or nonpathogenic. Due to patient- and procedure-related changes, CoNS now represent one of the major nosocomial pathogens, with S. epidermidis and S. haemolyticus being the most significant species. They account substantially for foreign body-related infections and infections in preterm newborns. While S. saprophyticus has been associated with acute urethritis, S. lugdunensis has a unique status, in some aspects resembling S. aureus in causing infectious endocarditis. In addition to CoNS found as food-associated saprophytes, many other CoNS species colonize the skin and mucous membranes of humans and animals and are less frequently involved in clinically manifested infections. This blurred gradation in terms of pathogenicity is reflected by species- and strain-specific virulence factors and the development of different host-defending strategies. Clearly, CoNS possess fewer virulence properties than S. aureus, with a respectively different disease spectrum. In this regard, host susceptibility is much more important. Therapeutically, CoNS are challenging due to the large proportion of methicillin-resistant strains and increasing numbers of isolates with less susceptibility to glycopeptides. PMID:25278577

  12. [Origin of biosphere].

    PubMed

    Levchenko, V F; Starobogatov, Ia I

    2010-01-01

    Concepts of origin of life on the planet are briefly considered. The problem of origin of biosphere is discussed, with a suggestion that the origin of living organisms and biosphere are two aspects of the same process. There is put forward a hypothesis of embryosphere--the primary medium, in which preorganisms could appear. The ecosystemic approach to origin of life poses a question about sources of the matter and energy used by the primary life as well as about causes of the biochemical unity that exists in all Earth organisms.

  13. Oestrogen receptor negativity in breast cancer: a cause or consequence?

    PubMed Central

    Gajulapalli, Vijaya Narasihma Reddy; Malisetty, Vijaya Lakshmi; Chitta, Suresh Kumar; Manavathi, Bramanandam

    2016-01-01

    Endocrine resistance, which occurs either by de novo or acquired route, is posing a major challenge in treating hormone-dependent breast cancers by endocrine therapies. The loss of oestrogen receptor α (ERα) expression is the vital cause of establishing endocrine resistance in this subtype. Understanding the mechanisms that determine the causes of this phenomenon are therefore essential to reduce the disease efficacy. But how we negate oestrogen receptor (ER) negativity and endocrine resistance in breast cancer is questionable. To answer that, two important approaches are considered: (1) understanding the cellular origin of heterogeneity and ER negativity in breast cancers and (2) characterization of molecular regulators of endocrine resistance. Breast tumours are heterogeneous in nature, having distinct molecular, cellular, histological and clinical behaviour. Recent advancements in perception of the heterogeneity of breast cancer revealed that the origin of a particular mammary tumour phenotype depends on the interactions between the cell of origin and driver genetic hits. On the other hand, histone deacetylases (HDACs), DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs), miRNAs and ubiquitin ligases emerged as vital molecular regulators of ER negativity in breast cancers. Restoring response to endocrine therapy through re-expression of ERα by modulating the expression of these molecular regulators is therefore considered as a relevant concept that can be implemented in treating ER-negative breast cancers. In this review, we will thoroughly discuss the underlying mechanisms for the loss of ERα expression and provide the future prospects for implementing the strategies to negate ER negativity in breast cancers. PMID:27884978

  14. Negative results: negative perceptions limit their potential for increasing reproducibility.

    PubMed

    Teixeira da Silva, Jaime A

    2015-07-07

    Negative results are an important building block in the development of scientific thought, primarily because most likely the vast majority of data is negative, i.e., there is not a favorable outcome. Only very limited data is positive, and that is what tends to get published, albeit alongside a sub-set of negative results to emphasize the positive nature of the positive results. Yet, not all negative results get published. Part of the problem lies with a traditional mind-set and rigid publishing frame-work that tends to view negative results in a negative light, or that only tends to reward scientists primarily for presenting positive findings. This opinion piece indicates that in addition to a deficient mind-set, there are also severe limitations in the availability of publishing channels where negative results could get published.

  15. 17. Photocopy of Photograph (Original Held by the Manning Brothers ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    17. Photocopy of Photograph (Original Held by the Manning Brothers Commercial Photographers, Madison Heights, Michigan, Negative No. 38750). SOUTHERN PORTION OF WEST FACADE, LOOKING NORTH, SHOWN ON EXTREME LEFT, 24 NOVEMBER 1920. - Basso Building, 7338 Woodward Avenue, Detroit, MI

  16. 18. Photocopy of Photograph (Original Held by the Manning Brothers ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    18. Photocopy of Photograph (Original Held by the Manning Brothers Commercial Photographers, Madison Heights, Michigan, Negative No. 67707). SOUTHERN PORTION OF WEST FACADE, LOOKING EAST, SHOWN ON EXTREME LEFT, 3 June 1925. - Basso Building, 7338 Woodward Avenue, Detroit, MI

  17. 17. Photocopy of Photograph (Original held by Henry Ford Archives, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    17. Photocopy of Photograph (Original held by Henry Ford Archives, Dearborn, Michigan, Detroit Edison Negative No. 2976, 8 March 1915) NORTH SIDE AND EAST FRONT, FROM HART, LOOKING SOUTH - Detroit Edison Hart Substation, 11736 East Vernor, Detroit, MI

  18. Photocopy of photograph. AERIAL VIEW. Original photograph taken April 1957 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph. AERIAL VIEW. Original photograph taken April 1957 by Mr. Lewis, and on file at the Edison National Historic Site, negative number 0-998 - Thomas A. Edison Laboratories, Main Street & Lakeside Avenue, West Orange, Essex County, NJ

  19. 18. Photocopy of Photograph (Original held by Henry Ford Archives, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    18. Photocopy of Photograph (Original held by Henry Ford Archives, Dearborn, Michigan, Detroit Edison Negative No. 3545, 5 October 1915) INTERIOR VIEW, MACHINE ROOM, LOOKING SOUTH - Detroit Edison Hart Substation, 11736 East Vernor, Detroit, MI

  20. 9. Photocopy of Blueprint (Original held by the Community end ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Photocopy of Blueprint (Original held by the Community end Economic Development Department, City of Detroit), C. Howard Crane, Architect. CROSS SECTION THROUGH STADIUM, NOVEMBER 27, 1926. (4' x 5' negative) - Olympia Arena, 5920 Grand River Avenue, Detroit, MI

  1. 7. Photocopy of Blueprint (Original held by the Community end ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Photocopy of Blueprint (Original held by the Community end Economic Development Department, City of Detroit), C. Howard Crane, Architect. FIRST FLOOR PLAN, NOVEMBER 13, 1927. (4' x 5' negative) - Olympia Arena, 5920 Grand River Avenue, Detroit, MI

  2. Negative Ions in Space.

    PubMed

    Millar, Thomas J; Walsh, Catherine; Field, Thomas A

    2017-02-08

    Until a decade ago, the only anion observed to play a prominent role in astrophysics was H(-). The bound-free transitions in H(-) dominate the visible opacity in stars with photospheric temperatures less than 7000 K, including the Sun. The H(-) anion is also believed to have been critical to the formation of molecular hydrogen in the very early evolution of the Universe. Once H2 formed, about 500 000 years after the Big Bang, the expanding gas was able to lose internal gravitational energy and collapse to form stellar objects and "protogalaxies", allowing the creation of heavier elements such as C, N, and O through nucleosynthesis. Although astronomers had considered some processes through which anions might form in interstellar clouds and circumstellar envelopes, including the important role that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons might play in this, it was the detection in 2006 of rotational line emission from C6H(-) that galvanized a systematic study of the abundance, distribution, and chemistry of anions in the interstellar medium. In 2007, the Cassini mission reported the unexpected detection of anions with mass-to-charge ratios of up to ∼10 000 in the upper atmosphere of Titan; this observation likewise instigated the study of fundamental chemical processes involving negative ions among planetary scientists. In this article, we review the observations of anions in interstellar clouds, circumstellar envelopes, Titan, and cometary comae. We then discuss a number of processes by which anions can be created and destroyed in these environments. The derivation of accurate rate coefficients for these processes is an essential input for the chemical kinetic modeling that is necessary to fully extract physics from the observational data. We discuss such models, along with their successes and failings, and finish with an outlook on the future.

  3. Consistent thermostatistics forbids negative absolute temperatures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dunkel, Jörn; Hilbert, Stefan

    2014-01-01

    Over the past 60 years, a considerable number of theories and experiments have claimed the existence of negative absolute temperature in spin systems and ultracold quantum gases. This has led to speculation that ultracold gases may be dark-energy analogues and also suggests the feasibility of heat engines with efficiencies larger than one. Here, we prove that all previous negative temperature claims and their implications are invalid as they arise from the use of an entropy definition that is inconsistent both mathematically and thermodynamically. We show that the underlying conceptual deficiencies can be overcome if one adopts a microcanonical entropy functional originally derived by Gibbs. The resulting thermodynamic framework is self-consistent and implies that absolute temperature remains positive even for systems with a bounded spectrum. In addition, we propose a minimal quantum thermometer that can be implemented with available experimental techniques.

  4. Negative Numbers and Antimatter Particles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsan, Ung Chan

    Dirac's equation states that an electron implies the existence of an antielectron with the same mass (more generally same arithmetic properties) and opposite charge (more generally opposite algebraic properties). Subsequent observation of antielectron validated this concept. This statement can be extended to all matter particles; observation of antiproton, antineutron, antideuton … is in complete agreement with this view. Recently antihypertriton was observed and 38 atoms of antihydrogen were trapped. This opens the path for use in precise testing of nature's fundamental symmetries. The symmetric properties of a matter particle and its mirror antimatter particle seem to be well established. Interactions operate on matter particles and antimatter particles as well. Conservation of matter parallels addition operating on positive and negative numbers. Without antimatter particles, interactions of the Standard Model (electromagnetism, strong interaction and weak interaction) cannot have the structure of group. Antimatter particles are characterized by negative baryonic number A or/and negative leptonic number L. Materialization and annihilation obey conservation of A and L (associated to all known interactions), explaining why from pure energy (A = 0, L = 0) one can only obtain a pair of matter particle antimatter particle — electron antielectron, proton and antiproton — via materialization where the mass of a pair of particle antiparticle gives back to pure energy with annihilation. These two mechanisms cannot change the difference in the number of matter particles and antimatter particles. Thus from pure energy only a perfectly symmetric (in number) universe could be generated as proposed by Dirac but observation showed that our universe is not symmetric, it is a matter universe which is nevertheless neutral. Fall of reflection symmetries shattered the prejudice that there is no way to define in an absolute way right and left or matter and antimatter

  5. Chemical Origins of Life

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fox, J. Lawrence

    1972-01-01

    Reviews ideas and evidence bearing on the origin of life. Shows that evidence to support modifications of Oparin's theories of the origin of biological constituents from inorganic materials is accumulating, and that the necessary components are readily obtained from the simple gases found in the universe. (AL)

  6. The Moon's Origin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cadogan, Peter

    1983-01-01

    Presents findings and conclusions about the origin of the moon, favoring the capture hypothesis of lunar origin. Advantage of the hypothesis is that it allows the moon to have been formed elsewhere, specifically in a hotter part of the solar nebula, accounting for chemical differences between earth and moon. (JN)

  7. Originalism in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forte, David F.

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the author provides a detailed legal history of originalism and investigates whether, and to what extent, originalism is a part of law school teaching on the Constitution. He shares the results of an examination of the leading constitutional law textbooks used in the top fifty law schools and a selection of responses gathered from…

  8. Double-Negative Mechanical Metamaterials Displaying Simultaneous Negative Stiffness and Negative Poisson's Ratio Properties.

    PubMed

    Hewage, Trishan A M; Alderson, Kim L; Alderson, Andrew; Scarpa, Fabrizio

    2016-12-01

    A scalable mechanical metamaterial simultaneously displaying negative stiffness and negative Poisson's ratio responses is presented. Interlocking hexagonal subunit assemblies containing 3 alternative embedded negative stiffness (NS) element types display Poisson's ratio values of -1 and NS values over two orders of magnitude (-1.4 N mm(-1) to -160 N mm(-1) ), in good agreement with model predictions.

  9. The negation bias: when negations signal stereotypic expectancies.

    PubMed

    Beukeboom, Camiel J; Finkenauer, Catrin; Wigboldus, Daniël H J

    2010-12-01

    Research on linguistic biases shows that stereotypic expectancies are implicitly reflected in language and are thereby subtly communicated to message recipients. We examined whether these findings extend to the use of negations (e.g., not smart instead of stupid). We hypothesized that people use more negations in descriptions of stereotype-inconsistent behavior than in descriptions of stereotype-consistent behavior. In 3 studies, participants either judged the applicability of experimentally controlled person descriptions or spontaneously produced person descriptions themselves. Results provided support for this hypothesis. Moreover, a 4th study demonstrated that negations have communicative consequences. When a target person's behavior was described with negations, message recipients inferred that this behavior was an exception to the rule and that it was more likely caused by situational circumstances than by dispositional factors. These findings indicate that by using negations people implicitly communicate stereotypic expectancies and that negations play a subtle but powerful role in stereotype maintenance.

  10. 21. Photocopy of photograph. Horgan, December 28, 1920. Negative #D ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    21. Photocopy of photograph. Horgan, December 28, 1920. Negative #D & H 21849 Original negative can be found in D & H collection of the Anthracite Heritage Museum, Scranton, Pennsylvania. INTERIOR VIEW OF BREAKER, MIDDLE FLOOR AREA, SHOWING DETAIL OF INSTALLATION OF FINE COAL SHAKERS AT TIME OF BREAKER CONSTRUCTION - Marvine Colliery, Breaker No. 2, West side Boulevard Avenue, between East Parker Street & Route 380, Scranton, Lackawanna County, PA

  11. Compound negative binomial distribution with negative multinomial summands

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jordanova, Pavlina K.; Petkova, Monika P.; Stehlík, Milan

    2016-12-01

    The class of Negative Binomial distributions seems to be introduced by Greenwood and Yule in 1920. Due to its wide spread application, investigations of distributions, closely related with it will be always contemporary. Bates, Neyman and Wishart introduce Negative Multinomial distribution. They reach it considering the mixture of independent Poisson distributed random variables with one and the same Gamma mixing variable. This paper investigates a particular case of multivariate compound distribution with one and the same compounding variable. In our case it is Negative Binomial or Sifted Negative Binomial. The summands with equal indexes in different coordinates are Negative Multinomially distributed. In case without shifting, considered as a mixture, the resulting distribution coincides with Mixed Negative Multinomial distribution with scale changed Negative Binomially distributed first parameter. We prove prove that it is Multivariate Power Series Distributed and find explicit form of its parameters. When the summands are geometrically distributed this distribution is stochastically equivalent to a product of independent Bernoulli random variable and appropriate multivariate Geometrically distributed random vector. We show that Compound Shifted Negative Binomial Distribution with Geometric Summands is a particular case of Negative Multinomial distribution with new parameters.

  12. 76 FR 54799 - Flowserve Corporation, Albuquerque, NM; Notice of Negative Determination on Reconsideration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-02

    ... Employment and Training Administration Flowserve Corporation, Albuquerque, NM; Notice of Negative... resulted in a negative determination based on the findings that Section 222(a) of the Trade Act of 1974, as... the administrative record, I affirm the original notice of negative determination of eligibility...

  13. 75 FR 55615 - Hanesbrands, Inc., Galax, VA; Notice of Negative Determination on Reconsideration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-13

    ... Employment and Training Administration Hanesbrands, Inc., Galax, VA; Notice of Negative Determination on... initial investigation resulted in a negative determination based on the finding that Parkdale Mills..., I affirm the original notice of negative determination of eligibility to apply for worker...

  14. 76 FR 14696 - Ananke, Inc., Providence, RI; Notice of Negative Determination on Reconsideration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-17

    ... Employment and Training Administration Ananke, Inc., Providence, RI; Notice of Negative Determination on... initial negative determination was based on the findings that neither the subject firm nor a declining..., I affirm the original notice of negative determination of eligibility to apply for worker...

  15. 76 FR 54800 - Sandy Alexander, Clifton, NJ; Notice of Negative Determination on Reconsideration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-02

    ... Employment and Training Administration Sandy Alexander, Clifton, NJ; Notice of Negative Determination on... resulted in a negative determination based on the findings that the petitioning worker group did not meet... or the law. Conclusion After reconsideration, I affirm the original notice of negative...

  16. 75 FR 34179 - Tivoly, Inc., Derby Line, VT; Notice of Negative Determination on Reconsideration

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-16

    ... Employment and Training Administration Tivoly, Inc., Derby Line, VT; Notice of Negative Determination on... Register on December 8, 2009 (74 FR 64,711). The initial investigation resulted in a negative determination... After reconsideration, I affirm the original notice of negative determination of eligibility to...

  17. Unconventionality and Originality: Does Self-Assessed Unconventionality Increase Original Achievement?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andreas, Stuart F. K.; Zech, Stefan; Coyle, Thomas R.; Rindermann, Heiner

    2016-01-01

    Creativity is negatively associated with certain personality traits (e.g., conformity) and social influences (e.g., group pressure). In this study, creativity was examined in relation to unconventionality, which was expected to correlate positively with creativity, especially originality. This hypothesis was based on the theory that unconventional…

  18. 24. Duplicate negative of an historic negative. 'AERIAL VIEW OF ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    24. Duplicate negative of an historic negative. 'AERIAL VIEW OF AREA 'B' HOLSTON ORDNANCE WORKS.' 1944. #OCMH 4-12.2ASAV3 in Super Explosives Program RDX and Its Composition A, B, & C, Record Group No. 319, National Archives, Washington, D.C. - Holston Army Ammunition Plant, RDX-and-Composition-B Manufacturing Line 9, Kingsport, Sullivan County, TN

  19. A Negative Result About Some Concepts of Negative Dependence.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-07-01

    It seems that either a very strong negative dependence holds with the monotonicity condition while without it, even a somewhat weak condition does...not hold. This brings out the crucial role played by the PF2 (log concave density) property in conditional negative dependence .

  20. Origins of organic geochemistry

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Kvenvolden, K.A.

    2008-01-01

    When organic geochemistry actually began as a recognized geoscience is a matter of definition and perspective. Constraints on its beginning are placed by the historical development of its parent disciplines, geology and organic chemistry. These disciplines originated independently and developed in parallel, starting in the latter half of the 18th century and flourishing thereafter into the 21st century. Organic geochemistry began sometime between 1860 and 1983; I argue that 1930 is the best year to mark its origin.

  1. Pressure-viscosity measurements for several lubricants to 5.5 x 10 to the 8th power Newtons per square meter (8 x 10 to the 4th psi) and 149 C (300 F)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jones, W. R.; Johnson, R. L.; Winer, W. O.; Sanborn, D. M.

    1974-01-01

    A capillary viscometer was used to measure viscosity as a function of pressure, temperature, and shear stress for a number of lubricants. The conditions under which the measurements were made are specified. The results obtained for each material are analyzed. It was determined that all pressure-viscosity coefficients decreased with increasing temperature. Data from other techniques such as optical elastohydrodynamics, oscillating crystal, and low shear capillary viscometry were compared with the results obtained.

  2. Three chamber negative ion source

    DOEpatents

    Leung, K.N.; Ehlers, K.W.; Hiskes, J.R.

    1983-11-10

    It is an object of this invention provide a negative ion source which efficiently provides a large flux of negatively ionized particles. This invention provides a volume source of negative ions which has a current density sufficient for magnetic fusion applications and has electrons suppressed from the output. It is still another object of this invention to provide a volume source of negative ions which can be electrostatically accelerated to high energies and subsequently neutralized to form a high energy neutral beam for use with a magnetically confined plasma.

  3. Neurobiological background of negative symptoms.

    PubMed

    Galderisi, Silvana; Merlotti, Eleonora; Mucci, Armida

    2015-10-01

    Studies investigating neurobiological bases of negative symptoms of schizophrenia failed to provide consistent findings, possibly due to the heterogeneity of this psychopathological construct. We tried to review the findings published to date investigating neurobiological abnormalities after reducing the heterogeneity of the negative symptoms construct. The literature in electronic databases as well as citations and major articles are reviewed with respect to the phenomenology, pathology, genetics and neurobiology of schizophrenia. We searched PubMed with the keywords "negative symptoms," "deficit schizophrenia," "persistent negative symptoms," "neurotransmissions," "neuroimaging" and "genetic." Additional articles were identified by manually checking the reference lists of the relevant publications. Publications in English were considered, and unpublished studies, conference abstracts and poster presentations were not included. Structural and functional imaging studies addressed the issue of neurobiological background of negative symptoms from several perspectives (considering them as a unitary construct, focusing on primary and/or persistent negative symptoms and, more recently, clustering them into factors), but produced discrepant findings. The examined studies provided evidence suggesting that even primary and persistent negative symptoms include different psychopathological constructs, probably reflecting the dysfunction of different neurobiological substrates. Furthermore, they suggest that complex alterations in multiple neurotransmitter systems and genetic variants might influence the expression of negative symptoms in schizophrenia. On the whole, the reviewed findings, representing the distillation of a large body of disparate data, suggest that further deconstruction of negative symptomatology into more elementary components is needed to gain insight into underlying neurobiological mechanisms.

  4. Negative ions of polyatomic molecules.

    PubMed Central

    Christophorou, L G

    1980-01-01

    In this paper general concepts relating to, and recent advances in, the study of negative ions of polyatomic molecules area discussed with emphasis on halocarbons. The topics dealt with in the paper are as follows: basic electron attachment processes, modes of electron capture by molecules, short-lived transient negative ions, dissociative electron attachment to ground-state molecules and to "hot" molecules (effects of temperature on electron attachment), parent negative ions, effect of density, nature, and state of the medium on electron attachment, electron attachment to electronically excited molecules, the binding of attached electrons to molecules ("electron affinity"), and the basic and the applied significance of negative-ion studies. PMID:7428744

  5. Negative ions of polyatomic molecules.

    PubMed

    Christophorou, L G

    1980-06-01

    In this paper general concepts relating to, and recent advances in, the study of negative ions of polyatomic molecules area discussed with emphasis on halocarbons. The topics dealt with in the paper are as follows: basic electron attachment processes, modes of electron capture by molecules, short-lived transient negative ions, dissociative electron attachment to ground-state molecules and to "hot" molecules (effects of temperature on electron attachment), parent negative ions, effect of density, nature, and state of the medium on electron attachment, electron attachment to electronically excited molecules, the binding of attached electrons to molecules ("electron affinity"), and the basic and the applied significance of negative-ion studies.

  6. Neuroimaging correlates of negative priming.

    PubMed

    Steel, C; Haworth, E J; Peters, E; Hemsley, D R; Sharma, T; Gray, J A; Pickering, A; Gregory, L; Simmons, A; Bullmore, E T; Williams, S C

    2001-11-16

    Many theoretical accounts of selective attention and memory retrieval include reference to active inhibitory processes, such as those argued to underlie the negative priming effect. fMRI was used in order to investigate the areas of cortical activation associated with Stroop interference, Stroop facilitation and Stroop negative priming tasks. The most significant activation within the negative priming task was within the inferior parietal lobule, left temporal lobe and frontal lobes. Areas of cortical activation are discussed with reference to theoretical accounts of the negative priming effect.

  7. Brain representations of negative numbers.

    PubMed

    Parnes, Michael; Berger, Andrea; Tzelgov, Joseph

    2012-12-01

    Participants performed a physical comparison task of pairs of positive and pairs of negative one-digit numbers while their electrophysiological brain activity was measured. The numerical value of the presented digits was either congruent or incongruent with the physical size of the digits. Analysis has shown that the earliest event-related potential (ERP) difference between positive and negative numbers was found in the P300 ERP component peak, where there was an inverse effect of congruity in the negative pairs, compared with the positive ones. This pattern of results supports the idea that natural numbers serve as primitives of the human cognitive system, whereas negative numbers are apparently generated if needed.

  8. Back to the Origin

    PubMed Central

    Evertts, Adam G.

    2012-01-01

    In bacteria, replication is a carefully orchestrated event that unfolds the same way for each bacterium and each cell division. The process of DNA replication in bacteria optimizes cell growth and coordinates high levels of simultaneous replication and transcription. In metazoans, the organization of replication is more enigmatic. The lack of a specific sequence that defines origins of replication has, until recently, severely limited our ability to define the organizing principles of DNA replication. This question is of particular importance as emerging data suggest that replication stress is an important contributor to inherited genetic damage and the genomic instability in tumors. We consider here the replication program in several different organisms including recent genome-wide analyses of replication origins in humans. We review recent studies on the role of cytosine methylation in replication origins, the role of transcriptional looping and gene gating in DNA replication, and the role of chromatin’s 3-dimensional structure in DNA replication. We use these new findings to consider several questions surrounding DNA replication in metazoans: How are origins selected? What is the relationship between replication and transcription? How do checkpoints inhibit origin firing? Why are there early and late firing origins? We then discuss whether oncogenes promote cancer through a role in DNA replication and whether errors in DNA replication are important contributors to the genomic alterations and gene fusion events observed in cancer. We conclude with some important areas for future experimentation. PMID:23634256

  9. Electrodynamics of moving media inducing positive and negative refraction

    SciTech Connect

    Grzegorczyk, Tomasz M.; Kong, Jin Au

    2006-07-15

    Negative refraction is a phenomenon that has been recently reported with left-handed media (either isotropic or not), photonic crystals, and rotated uniaxial media. In this Brief Report, we identify another origin of negative refraction, due to the motion of the transmitted medium parallel to the interface at which refraction occurs. Previous works in this domain have concentrated on media velocities that are above the Cerenkov limit, while we show here that negative refraction is in fact achievable at any velocities of the transmitted medium. A possible experimental implementation is proposed to verify this effect. Next, we consider an isotropic frequency-dispersive medium for which the index of refraction can take negative values, and we study the wave refraction phenomenon as a function of frequency and medium velocity. It is found that the motion of the medium induces a rotation of refraction, which can either enhance or attenuate the natural negative refraction of the medium.

  10. Negative poisson's ratio in single-layer black phosphorus.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Jin-Wu; Park, Harold S

    2014-08-18

    The Poisson's ratio is a fundamental mechanical property that relates the resulting lateral strain to applied axial strain. Although this value can theoretically be negative, it is positive for nearly all materials, though negative values have been observed in so-called auxetic structures. However, nearly all auxetic materials are bulk materials whose microstructure has been specifically engineered to generate a negative Poisson's ratio. Here we report using first-principles calculations the existence of a negative Poisson's ratio in a single-layer, two-dimensional material, black phosphorus. In contrast to engineered bulk auxetics, this behaviour is intrinsic for single-layer black phosphorus, and originates from its puckered structure, where the pucker can be regarded as a re-entrant structure that is comprised of two coupled orthogonal hinges. As a result of this atomic structure, a negative Poisson's ratio is observed in the out-of-plane direction under uniaxial deformation in the direction parallel to the pucker.

  11. [Hypotension from endocrine origin].

    PubMed

    Vantyghem, Marie-Christine; Douillard, Claire; Balavoine, Anne-Sophie

    2012-11-01

    Hypotension is defined by a low blood pressure either permanently or only in upright posture (orthostatic hypotension). In contrast to hypertension, there is no threshold defining hypotension. The occurrence of symptoms for systolic and diastolic measurements respectively below 90 and 60 mm Hg establishes the diagnosis. Every acute hypotensive event should suggest shock, adrenal failure or an iatrogenic cause. Chronic hypotension from endocrine origin may be linked to adrenal failure from adrenal or central origin, isolated hypoaldosteronism, pseudohypoaldosteronism, pheochromocytoma, neuro-endocrine tumors (carcinoïd syndrome) or diabetic dysautonomia. Hypotension related to hypoaldosteronism associates low blood sodium and above all high blood potassium levels. They are generally classified according to their primary (hyperreninism) or secondary (hyporeninism) adrenal origin. Isolated primary hypoaldosteronisms are rare in adults (intensive care unit, selective injury of the glomerulosa area) and in children (aldosterone synthase deficiency). Isolated secondary hypoaldosteronism is related to mellitus diabetes complicated with dysautonomia, kidney failure, age, iatrogenic factors, and HIV infections. In both cases, they can be associated to glucocorticoid insufficiency from primary adrenal origin (adrenal failure of various origins with hyperreninism, among which congenital 21 hydroxylase deficiency with salt loss) or from central origin (hypopituitarism with hypo-reninism). Pseudohypoaldosteronisms are linked to congenital (type 1 pseudohypoaldosteronism) or acquired states of resistance to aldosterone. Acquired salt losses from enteric (total colectomy with ileostomy) or renal (interstitial nephropathy, Bartter and Gitelman syndromes…) origin might be responsible for hypotension and are associated with hyperreninism-hyperaldosteronism. Hypotension is a rare manifestation of pheochromocytomas, especially during surgical removal when the patient has not been

  12. Detection of abundant ethane and methane, along with carbon monoxide and water, in comet C/1996 B2 Hyakutake: evidence for interstellar origin.

    PubMed

    Mumma, M J; DiSanti, M A; Dello Russo, N; Fomenkova, M; Magee-Sauer, K; Kaminski, C D; Xie, D X

    1996-05-31

    The saturated hydrocarbons ethane (C2H6) and methane (CH4) along with carbon monoxide (CO) and water (H2O) were detected in comet C/1996 B2 Hyakutake with the use of high-resolution infrared spectroscopy at the NASA Infrared Telescope Facility on Mauna Kea, Hawaii. The inferred production rates of molecular gases from the icy, cometary nucleus (in molecules per second) are 6.4 X 10(26) for C2H6, 1.2 X 10(27) for CH4, 9.8 X 10(27) for CO, and 1.7 X 10(29) for H2O. An abundance of C2H6 comparable to that of CH4 implies that ices in C/1996 B2 Hyakutake did not originate in a thermochemically equilibrated region of the solar nebula. The abundances are consistent with a kinetically controlled production process, but production of C2H6 by gas-phase ion molecule reactions in the natal cloud core is energetically forbidden. The high C2H6/CH4 ratio is consistent with production of C2H6 in icy grain mantles in the natal cloud, either by photolysis of CH4-rich ice or by hydrogen-addition reactions to acetylene condensed from the gas phase.

  13. Be Aware of Negative Reinforcement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cipani, Ennio C.

    1995-01-01

    This article examines the concept of negative reinforcement in relation to the maintenance of off-task and disruptive behaviors in classrooms. Suggestions are given for determining whether negative reinforcement (in the form of escape from the instructional task) or teacher attention is maintaining the behavior. Suggestions for making tasks less…

  14. Negation in the Chaamling Language.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rai, Vishnu S.

    This paper examines the different ways of forming negative sentences in the Chaamling language, an indigenous language spoken in the eastern, hilly districts of Nepal. It explains that negation, or negativization, in the Chaamling language is done with the help of affixation. In imperative sentences, the prefix mi- is added to the verb, which is…

  15. 21. Photocopy of blueprint, 'Benicia Arsenal, Powder Magazine, Cap. 300,000 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    21. Photocopy of blueprint, 'Benicia Arsenal, Powder Magazine, Cap. 300,000 lbs., Frankford Arsenal, U.S.A., October 10, 1902' (8'x10' enlargement of 4'x5' negative). Original blueprint held by California Department of Transportation, Division of Operations and Toll Bridges, Benicia-Martinez Bridge, P.O. Box 577, Crockett CA 94525. - Benicia Arsenal, Powder Magazine No. 5, Junction of Interstate Highways 680 & 780, Benicia, Solano County, CA

  16. 10. Photocopy of 1940 architectural drawing titled: 'Alterations & Additions ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. Photocopy of 1940 architectural drawing titled: 'Alterations & Additions to (4290) Hosital, Schedules' includes 'Typical Door Elevations' and 'Metal Door Frames.' Dated 4-12-40. HABS film is a high-contrast 8x10' negative made from original drawing in the collection of Housing and Engineering Services, Fort Lewis, WA. - Fort Lewis, Post Hospital, Near Ninth Division Drive & Idaho Avenue, DuPont, Pierce County, WA

  17. 9. Photocopy of 1940 architectural drawing titled: 'Alternations & Additions ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Photocopy of 1940 architectural drawing titled: 'Alternations & Additions to (4290) Hosital, Sections' includes section and elevation views. Dated 4-12-40. HABS film is a high-contrast 8x10' negative made from original drawing in the collection of Housing and Engineering Services, Fort Lewis, WA. - Fort Lewis, Post Hospital, Near Ninth Division Drive & Idaho Avenue, DuPont, Pierce County, WA

  18. 5. Photocopy titled 'Map of Naval Ammunition Depot, Bremerton (Puget ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. Photocopy titled 'Map of Naval Ammunition Depot, Bremerton (Puget Sound), Wash.' dated June 30, 1947. Buildings 103 and 104 are shaded and located left of center near top of map. HABS film is an 8x10' high-contrast negative made from original map in the collection of the Department of Public Works, Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, WA. - Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Munitions Storage Bunker, Naval Ammunitions Depot, North of Campbell Trail, Bremerton, Kitsap County, WA

  19. 13. Photocopy of 1920 drawing titled: BUILDING 78, 3RD FLOOR ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. Photocopy of 1920 drawing titled: BUILDING 78, 3RD FLOOR BALCONY AND FIRE ESCAPES, including plans for skylight and North Elevation. HABS photograph is an 8x10' contact print made from a high contrast negative of an enlargement made from microfiche. Original is in the collection of Department of Public Works, Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Bremerton, WA. - Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Administration Building, Farragut Avenue, Bremerton, Kitsap County, WA

  20. Physics of negative absolute temperatures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abraham, Eitan; Penrose, Oliver

    2017-01-01

    Negative absolute temperatures were introduced into experimental physics by Purcell and Pound, who successfully applied this concept to nuclear spins; nevertheless, the concept has proved controversial: a recent article aroused considerable interest by its claim, based on a classical entropy formula (the "volume entropy") due to Gibbs, that negative temperatures violated basic principles of statistical thermodynamics. Here we give a thermodynamic analysis that confirms the negative-temperature interpretation of the Purcell-Pound experiments. We also examine the principal arguments that have been advanced against the negative temperature concept; we find that these arguments are not logically compelling, and moreover that the underlying "volume" entropy formula leads to predictions inconsistent with existing experimental results on nuclear spins. We conclude that, despite the counterarguments, negative absolute temperatures make good theoretical sense and did occur in the experiments designed to produce them.

  1. Origin of life

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ehrenfreund, P.; Cleaves, H. J.

    2003-10-01

    Deciphering the origin of life requires some knowledge of the early planetary environment. Unfortunately, we lack definitive evidence of the atmospheric composition, surface temperature, oceanic pH, and other environmental conditions that may have been important for the appearance of the first living systems on Earth. The rock remnants of the early Archean are extremely scarce and most of the record has been lost. The first indications of life from carbon inclusions in rocks and the oldest fossil record are currently under debate but there is a consensus that life started during the first billion years after the Earth formed. Life as we know it is a chemical phenomenon. The chemistry that could have produced self-organizing systems is the central problem in the origin of life. There are several competing theories for how this chemistry may have arisen. In spite of their diversity, proposals for a prebiotic "soup", for the role of submarine hydrothermal vents, or for the extraterrestrial origin of organic compounds have as a common background assumption the idea that abiotic organic compounds were necessary for the emergence of life. It is possible that a combination of these sources - exogenous and endogenous - contributed building blocks for the origin of life on Earth. In this paper we provide a review of the main ideas on the origin of life from the astrobiological perspective and discuss the probability of life on extrasolar planets.

  2. 8. Photocopy of October 1, 1903 photograph. Glass negative in ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Photocopy of October 1, 1903 photograph. Glass negative in Paul A. Kohl's office, Missouri Botanical Garden. VIEW FROM THE SOUTHEAST, SHOWING ORIGINAL CENTRAL CHIMNEY AND IRON ROOF RIDGE CRESTING - Missouri Botanical Garden, Linnaean House, 2345 Tower Grove Avenue, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO

  3. Indentability of conventional and negative Poisson's ratio foams

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lakes, R. S.; Elms, K.

    1992-01-01

    The indentation resistance of foams, both of conventional structure and of reentrant structure giving rise to negative Poisson's ratio, is studied using holographic interferometry. In holographic indentation tests, reentrant foams had higher yield strength and lower stiffness than conventional foams of the same original relative density. Calculated energy absorption for dynamic impact is considerably higher for reentrant foam than conventional foam.

  4. 11. Photocopy of photograph. Negative D & H 145. Bunnell, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. Photocopy of photograph. Negative D & H 145. Bunnell, date unknown Original photograph can be found in D & H collection of the Anthracite Heritage Museum, Scranton, Pennsylvania. VIEW OF BOILER AND GENERAL ELECTRIC MOTOR, MARVINE COLLIERY - Marvine Colliery, Boiler House No. 2, West side Boulevard Avenue, between East Parker Street & Route 380, Scranton, Lackawanna County, PA

  5. 8. Photocopy of photograph. Horgan, May 1920. Negative # D ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Photocopy of photograph. Horgan, May 1920. Negative # D & H 20830 Original photograph can be found in D & H collection of the Anthracite Heritage Museum, Scranton, Pennsylvania. INTERIOR VIEW OF ELECTRICAL SUBSTATION AT NORTHEAST PORTION OF SITE. - Marvine Colliery, West side Boulevard Avenue, between East Parker Street & Route 380, Scranton, Lackawanna County, PA

  6. Origins Space Telescope

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cooray, Asantha R.; Origins Space Telescope Study Team

    2017-01-01

    The Origins Space Telescope (OST) is the mission concept for the Far-Infrared Surveyor, a study in development by NASA in preparation for the 2020 Astronomy and Astrophysics Decadal Survey. Origins is planned to be a large aperture, actively-cooled telescope covering a wide span of the mid- to far-infrared spectrum. Its spectrographs will enable 3D surveys of the sky that will discover and characterize the most distant galaxies, Milky-Way, exoplanets, and the outer reaches of our Solar system. Origins will enable flagship-quality general observing programs led by the astronomical community in the 2030s. The Science and Technology Definition Team (STDT) would like to hear your science needs and ideas for this mission. The team can be contacted at firsurveyor_info@lists.ipac.caltech.edu. I will summarize the OST STDT, mission design and instruments, key science drivers, and the study plan over the next two years.

  7. Isotropic Negative Thermal Expansion Metamaterials.

    PubMed

    Wu, Lingling; Li, Bo; Zhou, Ji

    2016-07-13

    Negative thermal expansion materials are important and desirable in science and engineering applications. However, natural materials with isotropic negative thermal expansion are rare and usually unsatisfied in performance. Here, we propose a novel method to achieve two- and three-dimensional negative thermal expansion metamaterials via antichiral structures. The two-dimensional metamaterial is constructed with unit cells that combine bimaterial strips and antichiral structures, while the three-dimensional metamaterial is fabricated by a multimaterial 3D printing process. Both experimental and simulation results display isotropic negative thermal expansion property of the samples. The effective coefficient of negative thermal expansion of the proposed models is demonstrated to be dependent on the difference between the thermal expansion coefficient of the component materials, as well as on the circular node radius and the ligament length in the antichiral structures. The measured value of the linear negative thermal expansion coefficient of the three-dimensional sample is among the largest achieved in experiments to date. Our findings provide an easy and practical approach to obtaining materials with tunable negative thermal expansion on any scale.

  8. Three chamber negative ion source

    DOEpatents

    Leung, Ka-Ngo; Ehlers, Kenneth W.; Hiskes, John R.

    1985-01-01

    A negative ion vessel is divided into an excitation chamber, a negative ionization chamber and an extraction chamber by two magnetic filters. Input means introduces neutral molecules into a first chamber where a first electron discharge means vibrationally excites the molecules which migrate to a second chamber. In the second chamber a second electron discharge means ionizes the molecules, producing negative ions which are extracted into or by a third chamber. A first magnetic filter prevents high energy electrons from entering the negative ionization chamber from the excitation chamber. A second magnetic filter prevents high energy electrons from entering the extraction chamber from the negative ionizing chamber. An extraction grid at the end of the negative ion vessel attracts negative ions into the third chamber and accelerates them. Another grid, located adjacent to the extraction grid, carries a small positive voltage in order to inhibit positive ions from migrating into the extraction chamber and contour the plasma potential. Additional electrons can be suppressed from the output flux using ExB forces provided by magnetic field means and the extractor grid electric potential.

  9. Tunable acoustic double negativity metamaterial.

    PubMed

    Liang, Z; Willatzen, M; Li, J; Christensen, J

    2012-01-01

    Man-made composite materials called "metamaterials" allow for the creation of unusual wave propagation behavior. Acoustic and elastic metamaterials in particular, can pave the way for the full control of sound in realizing cloaks of invisibility, perfect lenses and much more. In this work we design acousto-elastic surface modes that are similar to surface plasmons in metals and on highly conducting surfaces perforated by holes. We combine a structure hosting these modes together with a gap material supporting negative modulus and collectively producing negative dispersion. By analytical techniques and full-wave simulations we attribute the observed behavior to the mass density and bulk modulus being simultaneously negative.

  10. Cognitive representation of negative numbers.

    PubMed

    Fischer, Martin H

    2003-05-01

    To understand negative numbers, must we refer to positive number representations (the phylogenetic hypothesis), or do we acquire a negative mental number line (the ontogenetic hypothesis)? In the experiment reported here, participants made lateralized button responses to indicate the larger of two digits from the range -9 to 9. Digit pairs were displayed spatially congruent or incongruent with either a phylogenetic or an ontogenetic mental number line. The pattern of decision latencies suggests that negative numbers become associated with left space, thus supporting the ontogenetic view.

  11. Building, north side (original front), detail of original entrance. Camera ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Building, north side (original front), detail of original entrance. Camera facing south - Naval Supply Center, Broadway Complex, Administration Storehouse, 911 West Broadway, San Diego, San Diego County, CA

  12. Originality and Creativity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tan, Shaun

    This paper discusses the creative process of one author, a professional author/illustrator of picture books. The paper muses about the meaning of creativity and originality and states inspiration has to do with careful research and looking for a challenge. Creativity is about testing one proposition against another and seeing how things combine…

  13. Conscientiousness: Origins in Childhood?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eisenberg, Nancy; Duckworth, Angela L.; Spinrad, Tracy L.; Valiente, Carlos

    2014-01-01

    In this review, we evaluate developmental and personality research with the aim of determining whether the personality trait of conscientiousness can be identified in children and adolescents. After concluding that conscientiousness does emerge in childhood, we discuss the developmental origins of conscientiousness with a specific focus on…

  14. The Origins of Writing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmandt-Besserat, Denise

    Writing appears to have originated from a modest system of counters or tokens used to keep track of economic goods and transactions. This system of recording appeared in 8000 B. C. in Mesopotamia, or what is now Iraq. The tokens' consistency in shape and size during the next 4,000 years attests to the stability of the agricultural economy and way…

  15. The Origins of Mass

    SciTech Connect

    Lincoln, Don

    2014-07-30

    The Higgs boson was discovered in July of 2012 and is generally understood to be the origin of mass. While those statements are true, they are incomplete. It turns out that the Higgs boson is responsible for only about 2% of the mass of ordinary matter. In this dramatic new video, Dr. Don Lincoln of Fermilab tells us the rest of the story.

  16. The Origin of Gravitation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, Sheng Ming

    2012-10-01

    In the natural world, people have discovered four kinds of forces: electromagnetic force, gravitation, weak force, and strong force. Although the gravitation has been discovered more than three hundred years, its mechanism of origin is unclear until today. While investigating the origin of gravitation, I do some experiments discover the moving photons produce gravitation. This discovery shows the origin of gravitation. Meanwhile I do some experiments discover the light interference fringes are produced by the gravitation: my discovery demonstrate light is a particle, but is not a wave-particle duality. Furthermore, applications of this discovery to other moving particles show a similar effect. In a word: the micro particle moving produce gravitation and electromagnetic force. Then I do quantity experiment get a general formula: Reveal the essence of gravitational mass and the essence of electric charge; reveal the origin of gravitation and the essence of matter wave. Along this way, I unify the gravitation and electromagnetic force. Namely I find a natural law that from atomic world to star world play in moving track. See website: https://www.lap-publishing.com/catalog/details/store/gb/book/978-3-8473-2658-8/mechanism-of-interaction-in-moving-matter

  17. The Origins of Mass

    ScienceCinema

    Lincoln, Don

    2016-07-12

    The Higgs boson was discovered in July of 2012 and is generally understood to be the origin of mass. While those statements are true, they are incomplete. It turns out that the Higgs boson is responsible for only about 2% of the mass of ordinary matter. In this dramatic new video, Dr. Don Lincoln of Fermilab tells us the rest of the story.

  18. Origins of Coordinate Searching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kilgour, Frederick G.

    1997-01-01

    Reviews the origins of post-coordinate searching and emphasizes that the focal point should be on the searcher, not on the item being indexed. Highlights include the history of the term information retrieval; edge notched punch cards; the "peek-a-boo" system; the Uniterm system; and using computers to search for information. (LRW)

  19. Negative numbers in simple arithmetic.

    PubMed

    Das, Runa; LeFevre, Jo-Anne; Penner-Wilger, Marcie

    2010-10-01

    Are negative numbers processed differently from positive numbers in arithmetic problems? In two experiments, adults (N = 66) solved standard addition and subtraction problems such as 3 + 4 and 7 - 4 and recasted versions that included explicit negative signs-that is, 3 - (-4), 7 + (-4), and (-4) + 7. Solution times on the recasted problems were slower than those on standard problems, but the effect was much larger for addition than subtraction. The negative sign may prime subtraction in both kinds of recasted problem. Problem size effects were the same or smaller in recasted than in standard problems, suggesting that the recasted formats did not interfere with mental calculation. These results suggest that the underlying conceptual structure of the problem (i.e., addition vs. subtraction) is more important for solution processes than the presence of negative numbers.

  20. Antinuclear Antibody Negative Systemic Sclerosis

    PubMed Central

    Salazar, GA; Assassi, S; Wigley, F; Hummers, L; Varga, J; Hinchcliff, M; Khanna, D; Schiopu, E; Phillips, K; Furst, DE; Steen, V; Baron, M; Hudson, M; Taillefer, SS; Pope, J; Jones, N; Docherty, P; Khalidi, NA; Robinson, D; Simms, R; Silver, R; Frech, TM; Fessler, B; Molitor, J; Fritzler, M; Segal, B; Al-Kassab, F; Perry, M; Yang, J; Zamanian, S; Reveille, JD; Arnett, FC; Pedroza, C; Mayes, MD

    2014-01-01

    Objective To examine the demographic and clinical characteristics of systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients without antinuclear antibodies (ANA) compared to ANA positive patients. Methods SSc patients enrolled in the Scleroderma Family Registry and DNA Repository were included. Relevant demographic and clinical data were entered by participating sites or obtained by chart review. ANA and SSc related antibodies were determined in all investigated patients using commercially available kits at our laboratories. Results This study included 3249 patients, of whom 208 (6.4%) were ANA negative. The proportion of male patients was higher in the ANA negative group (OR 1.65; p=0.008). ANA negative patients experienced less vasculopathic manifestations of SSc. The percent predicted diffusing capacity of carbon monoxide (DLco) was higher in ANA negative patients (p=0.03). Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) per right heart catheterization was less common in the ANA negative group (OR= 0.28; p=0.03). Furthermore, patients with negative ANA had a lower prevalence of telangiectasias and digital ulcers/pits (OR= 0.59; p=0.03 and OR=0.38; p=0.01, respectively). Although diffuse cutaneous involvement was more common, the modified Rodnan Skin Score (mRSS) was lower in the ANA negative group (2.4 points lower, p=0.05). Furthermore, they experienced more malabsorption (p=0.05). There was no difference in the frequency of pulmonary fibrosis or scleroderma renal crisis. All-cause mortality was not different between the two groups (p=0.28). Conclusions In conclusion, the results of this study suggest that SSc patients who are ANA negative constitute a distinct subset of SSc with less vasculopathy (less PAH, digital ulcers and fewer telangiectasias), a greater proportion of males and possibly, more frequent lower gastrointestinal involvement. PMID:25578738

  1. Negative health care experiences of immigrant patients: a qualitative study

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Negative events are abusive, potentially dangerous or life-threatening health care events, as perceived by the patient. Patients' perceptions of negative events are regarded as a potentially important source of information about the quality of health care. We explored negative events in hospital care as perceived by immigrant patients. Methods Semi-structured individual and group interviews were conducted with respondents about negative experiences of health care. Interviews were transcribed and analyzed using a framework method. A total of 22 respondents representing 7 non-Dutch ethnic origins were interviewed; each respondent reported a negative event in hospital care or treatment. Results Respondents reported negative events in relation to: 1) inadequate information exchange with care providers; 2) different expectations between respondents and care providers about medical procedures; 3) experienced prejudicial behavior on the part of care providers. Conclusions We identified three key situations in which negative events were experienced by immigrant patients. Exploring negative events from the immigrant patient perspective offers important information to help improve health care. Our results indicate that care providers need to be trained in adequately exchanging information with the immigrant patient and finding out specific patient needs and perspectives on illness and treatment. PMID:21235738

  2. Negative Magnetoresistance in Amorphous Indium Oxide Wires

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mitra, Sreemanta; Tewari, Girish C.; Mahalu, Diana; Shahar, Dan

    2016-11-01

    We study magneto-transport properties of several amorphous Indium oxide nanowires of different widths. The wires show superconducting transition at zero magnetic field, but, there exist a finite resistance at the lowest temperature. The R(T) broadening was explained by available phase slip models. At low field, and far below the superconducting critical temperature, the wires with diameter equal to or less than 100 nm, show negative magnetoresistance (nMR). The magnitude of nMR and the crossover field are found to be dependent on both temperature and the cross-sectional area. We find that this intriguing behavior originates from the interplay between two field dependent contributions.

  3. Negative Magnetoresistance in Amorphous Indium Oxide Wires

    PubMed Central

    Mitra, Sreemanta; Tewari, Girish C; Mahalu, Diana; Shahar, Dan

    2016-01-01

    We study magneto-transport properties of several amorphous Indium oxide nanowires of different widths. The wires show superconducting transition at zero magnetic field, but, there exist a finite resistance at the lowest temperature. The R(T) broadening was explained by available phase slip models. At low field, and far below the superconducting critical temperature, the wires with diameter equal to or less than 100 nm, show negative magnetoresistance (nMR). The magnitude of nMR and the crossover field are found to be dependent on both temperature and the cross-sectional area. We find that this intriguing behavior originates from the interplay between two field dependent contributions. PMID:27876859

  4. Cosmic Origin of Quantization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Calogero, Francesco

    An estimate is presented of the angular momentum associated with the stochastic cosmic tremor, which has been hypothesized to be caused by universal gravitation and by the granularity of matter, and to be itself the cause of quantization ("cosmic origin of quantization"). If that universal tremor has the spatial coherence which is instrumental in order that the estimated action associated with it have the order of magnitude of Planck's constant h, then the estimated order of magnitude of the angular momentum associated with it also has the same value. We moreover indicate how these findings (originally based on a simplified model of the Universe, as being made up only of particles having the nucleon mass) are affected (in fact, essentially unaffected) by the possible presence in the mass of the Universe of a large component made up of particles much lighter than nucleons ("dark", or "missing", mass).

  5. Toothache of cardiac origin.

    PubMed

    Kreiner, M; Okeson, J P

    1999-01-01

    Pain referred to the orofacial structures can sometimes be a diagnostic challenge for the clinician. In some instances, a patient may complain of tooth pain that is completely unrelated to any dental source. This poses a diagnostic and therapeutic problem for the dentist. Cardiac pain most commonly radiates to the left arm, shoulder, neck, and face. In rare instances, angina pectoris may present as dental pain. When this occurs, an improper diagnosis frequently leads to unnecessary dental treatment or, more significantly, a delay of proper treatment. This delay may result in the patient experiencing an acute myocardial infarction. It is the dentist's responsibility to establish a proper diagnosis so that the treatment will be directed toward the source of pain and not to the site of pain. This article reviews the literature concerning referred pain of cardiac origin and presents a case report of toothache of cardiac origin.

  6. Bioenergetics and Life's Origins

    PubMed Central

    Deamer, David; Weber, Arthur L.

    2010-01-01

    Bioenergetics is central to our understanding of living systems, yet has attracted relatively little attention in origins of life research. This article focuses on energy resources available to drive primitive metabolism and the synthesis of polymers that could be incorporated into molecular systems having properties associated with the living state. The compartmented systems are referred to as protocells, each different from all the rest and representing a kind of natural experiment. The origin of life was marked when a rare few protocells happened to have the ability to capture energy from the environment to initiate catalyzed heterotrophic growth directed by heritable genetic information in the polymers. This article examines potential sources of energy available to protocells, and mechanisms by which the energy could be used to drive polymer synthesis. PMID:20182625

  7. Origin of Life

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lal, Ashwini Kumar

    2008-10-01

    The evolution of life has been a big enigma despite rapid advancements in the field of astrobiology, microbiology and genetics in recent years. The answer to this puzzle is as mindboggling as the riddle relating to evolution of the universe itself. Despite the fact that panspermia has gained considerable support as a viable explanation for origin of life on the earth and elsewhere in the universe, the issue, however, remains far from a tangible solution. This paper examines the various prevailing hypotheses regarding origin of life-like abiogenesis, RNA world, iron-sulphur world and panspermia, and concludes that delivery of life-bearing organic molecules by the comets in the early epoch of the earth alone possibly was not responsible for kick-starting the process of evolution of life on our planet.

  8. Endosymbionts and mitochondrial origins

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Woese, C. R.

    1977-01-01

    The possibility is put forth that the mitochondrion did not originate from an endosymbiosis 1-2 billion years ago involving an aerobic bacterium. Rather, it arose by endosymbiosis in a much earlier anaerobic period and was initially a photosynthetic organelle analogous to the modern chloroplast. This suggestion arises from a reconsideration of the nature of endosymbiosis. It explains the remarkable diversity in mitochondrial information storage and processing systems.

  9. Origin of the Metazoa.

    PubMed Central

    Lake, J A

    1990-01-01

    The origin of the multicellular animals has been investigated by rate invariant analysis of 18S rRNA sequences. These analyses indicate that (i) the Metazoa is a monophyletic taxon; (ii) the Deuterostomia is a monophyletic taxon; (iii) the Annelida-Mollusca lineage is the sister group of an arthropod subgroup; and (iv) the last common ancestor of the Annelida-Mollusca lineage is most parsimoniously derived from a segmented, hemocoelic ancestor with an open circulatory system. PMID:2300560

  10. Origins of magnetospheric plasma

    SciTech Connect

    Moore, T.E. )

    1991-01-01

    A review is given of recent (1987-1990) progress in understanding of the origins of plasmas in the earth's magnetosphere. In counterpoint to the early supposition that geomagnetic phenomena are produced by energetic plasmas of solar origin, 1987 saw the publication of a provocative argument that accelerated ionospheric plasma could supply all magnetospheric auroral and ring current particles. Significant new developments of existing data sets, as well as the establishment of entirely new data sets, have improved the ability to identify plasma source regions and to track plasma through the magnetospheric system of boundary layers and reservoirs. These developments suggest that the boundary between ionospheric and solar plasmas, once taken to lie at the plasmapause, actually lies much nearer to the magnetopause. Defining this boundary as the surface where solar wind and ionosphere contribute equally to the plasma, it is referred to herein as the 'geopause'. It is now well established that the infusion of ionospheric O(+) plays a major role in the storm-time distention of the magnetotail and inflation of the inner magnetosphere. After more than two decades of observation and debate, the question remains whether magnetosheric are protons of solar or terrestrial origin. 161 refs.

  11. Metal [100] Nanowires with Negative Poisson’s Ratio

    PubMed Central

    Ho, Duc Tam; Kwon, Soon-Yong; Kim, Sung Youb

    2016-01-01

    When materials are under stretching, occurrence of lateral contraction of materials is commonly observed. This is because Poisson’s ratio, the quantity describes the relationship between a lateral strain and applied strain, is positive for nearly all materials. There are some reported structures and materials having negative Poisson’s ratio. However, most of them are at macroscale, and reentrant structures and rigid rotating units are the main mechanisms for their negative Poisson’s ratio behavior. Here, with numerical and theoretical evidence, we show that metal [100] nanowires with asymmetric cross-sections such as rectangle or ellipse can exhibit negative Poisson’s ratio behavior. Furthermore, the negative Poisson’s ratio behavior can be further improved by introducing a hole inside the asymmetric nanowires. We show that the surface effect inducing the asymmetric stresses inside the nanowires is a main origin of the superior property. PMID:27282358

  12. Monoclonal antibodies to an epithelial ovarian adenocarcinoma: distinctive reactivity with xenografts of the original tumor and a cultured cell line.

    PubMed

    Baumal, R; Law, J; Buick, R N; Kahn, H; Yeger, H; Sheldon, K; Colgan, T; Marks, A

    1986-08-01

    Four monoclonal antibodies (mAb) (8C, 10B, M2A, and M2D) were produced against the human epithelial ovarian adenocarcinoma cell line, HEY. The affinity constants of binding of the mAb to cultured HEY cells were 8 X 10(8) M-1 (M2D) and 10(9) M-1 (8C and 10B). mAb 8C reacted with a major glycoprotein of Mr 90,000 on the surface of HEY cells. The four mAb differed from previously reported mAb to epithelial ovarian adenocarcinomas on the basis of their reactivity with cultured ovarian adenocarcinoma cell lines using a cell-binding radioimmunoassay, and their staining of cryostat sections of various human normal and tumor tissues using an immunoperoxidase reaction. All four mAb reacted with s.c. tumors derived by injecting cultured HEY cells into thymectomized CBA/CJ mice. However, only two of the four mAb (8C and 10B) also reacted with s.c. tumors of the original HEY xenograft from which the cultured cell line was derived. In addition, mAb 8C and 10B reacted by immunoperoxidase staining with 2 and 4 different cases, respectively, of 11 epithelial ovarian adenocarcinomas examined. Cultured HEY cells were adapted to grow i.p. in BALB/c-nu/nu mice and the i.p. tumors retained their reactivity with the monoclonal antibodies. These tumor-bearing mice offer a useful model system for studying the potential of mAb, especially 8C and 10B, for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with peritoneal extension of epithelial ovarian adenocarcinomas.

  13. Negative refractive index and acoustic superlens from multiple scattering in single negative metamaterials.

    PubMed

    Kaina, Nadège; Lemoult, Fabrice; Fink, Mathias; Lerosey, Geoffroy

    2015-09-03

    Metamaterials, man-made composite media structured on a scale much smaller than a wavelength, offer surprising possibilities for engineering the propagation of waves. One of the most interesting of these is the ability to achieve superlensing--that is, to focus or image beyond the diffraction limit. This originates from the left-handed behavior--the property of refracting waves negatively--that is typical of negative index metamaterials. Yet reaching this goal requires the design of 'double negative' metamaterials, which act simultaneously on the permittivity and permeability in electromagnetics, or on the density and compressibility in acoustics; this generally implies the use of two different kinds of building blocks or specific particles presenting multiple overlapping resonances. Such a requirement limits the applicability of double negative metamaterials, and has, for example, hampered any demonstration of subwavelength focusing using left-handed acoustic metamaterials. Here we show that these strict conditions can be largely relaxed by relying on media that consist of only one type of single resonant unit cell. Specifically, we show with a simple yet general semi-analytical model that judiciously breaking the symmetry of a single negative metamaterial is sufficient to turn it into a double negative one. We then demonstrate that this occurs solely because of multiple scattering of waves off the metamaterial resonant elements, a phenomenon often disregarded in these media owing to their subwavelength patterning. We apply our approach to acoustics and verify through numerical simulations that it allows the realization of negative index acoustic metamaterials based on Helmholtz resonators only. Finally, we demonstrate the operation of a negative index acoustic superlens, achieving subwavelength focusing and imaging with spot width and resolution 7 and 3.5 times better than the diffraction limit, respectively. Our findings have profound implications for the

  14. Negative Items and Negation Strategies in Nonnative Italian.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bernini, Giuliano

    2000-01-01

    Acquisition of negation in Italian as a second language (L2) is investigated on the basis of the longitudinal data of five learners with different first languages in the framework of a functional approach focusing on the semantic and pragmatic principles governing the organization of learner varieties and the process of their complexification.…

  15. Negative-Pressure Pulmonary Edema.

    PubMed

    Bhattacharya, Mallar; Kallet, Richard H; Ware, Lorraine B; Matthay, Michael A

    2016-10-01

    Negative-pressure pulmonary edema (NPPE) or postobstructive pulmonary edema is a well-described cause of acute respiratory failure that occurs after intense inspiratory effort against an obstructed airway, usually from upper airway infection, tumor, or laryngospasm. Patients with NPPE generate very negative airway pressures, which augment transvascular fluid filtration and precipitate interstitial and alveolar edema. Pulmonary edema fluid collected from most patients with NPPE has a low protein concentration, suggesting hydrostatic forces as the primary mechanism for the pathogenesis of NPPE. Supportive care should be directed at relieving the upper airway obstruction by endotracheal intubation or cricothyroidotomy, institution of lung-protective positive-pressure ventilation, and diuresis unless the patient is in shock. Resolution of the pulmonary edema is usually rapid, in part because alveolar fluid clearance mechanisms are intact. In this review, we discuss the clinical presentation, pathophysiology, and management of negative-pressure or postobstructive pulmonary edema.

  16. Dose from slow negative muons.

    PubMed

    Siiskonen, T

    2008-01-01

    Conversion coefficients from fluence to ambient dose equivalent, from fluence to maximum dose equivalent and quality factors for slow negative muons are examined in detail. Negative muons, when stopped, produce energetic photons, electrons and a variety of high-LET particles. Contribution from each particle type to the dose equivalent is calculated. The results show that for the high-LET particles the details of energy spectra and decay yields are important for accurate dose estimates. For slow negative muons the ambient dose equivalent does not always yield a conservative estimate for the protection quantities. Especially, the skin equivalent dose is strongly underestimated if the radiation-weighting factor of unity for slow muons is used. Comparisons to earlier studies are presented.

  17. Negative thermal expansion due to negative area compressibility in TlGaSe2 semiconductor with layered crystalline structure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Seyidov, MirHasan Yu.; Suleymanov, Rauf A.

    2010-09-01

    We conducted comparison of the original experimental data of the temperature dependences of thermal expansion in crystals with layered crystalline structure. It is shown that in most crystals with layered structure (graphite, boron nitride, GaSe, GaS, and InSe) the effect of negative thermal expansion can be explained by the specific character of the phonon spectra. It was shown, that in contrast to other crystals with layered structure, negative thermal expansion in the layers' plane of TlGaSe2 is the result of negative area compressibility. We demonstrate that the thermal expansion of TlGaSe2 crystals can be controlled by illumination, external electric field, and thermal annealing. The nature of observed effects and a special mechanism of the negative area compressibility in TlGaSe2 crystals are discussed.

  18. Negativity Bias in Dangerous Drivers

    PubMed Central

    Chai, Jing; Qu, Weina; Sun, Xianghong; Zhang, Kan; Ge, Yan

    2016-01-01

    The behavioral and cognitive characteristics of dangerous drivers differ significantly from those of safe drivers. However, differences in emotional information processing have seldom been investigated. Previous studies have revealed that drivers with higher anger/anxiety trait scores are more likely to be involved in crashes and that individuals with higher anger traits exhibit stronger negativity biases when processing emotions compared with control groups. However, researchers have not explored the relationship between emotional information processing and driving behavior. In this study, we examined the emotional information processing differences between dangerous drivers and safe drivers. Thirty-eight non-professional drivers were divided into two groups according to the penalty points that they had accrued for traffic violations: 15 drivers with 6 or more points were included in the dangerous driver group, and 23 drivers with 3 or fewer points were included in the safe driver group. The emotional Stroop task was used to measure negativity biases, and both behavioral and electroencephalograph data were recorded. The behavioral results revealed stronger negativity biases in the dangerous drivers than in the safe drivers. The bias score was correlated with self-reported dangerous driving behavior. Drivers with strong negativity biases reported having been involved in mores crashes compared with the less-biased drivers. The event-related potentials (ERPs) revealed that the dangerous drivers exhibited reduced P3 components when responding to negative stimuli, suggesting decreased inhibitory control of information that is task-irrelevant but emotionally salient. The influence of negativity bias provides one possible explanation of the effects of individual differences on dangerous driving behavior and traffic crashes. PMID:26765225

  19. Negative-viscosity lattice gases

    SciTech Connect

    Rothman, D.H. )

    1989-08-01

    A new irreversible collision rule is introduced for lattice-gas automata. The rule maximizes the flux of momentum in the direction of the local momentum gradient, yielding a negative shear viscosity. Numerically results in 2D show that the negative viscosity leads to the spontaneous ordering of the velocity field, with vorticity resolvable down to one lattice-link length. The new rule may be used in conjunction with previously proposed collision rules to yield a positive shear viscosity lower than the previous rules provide. In particular, Poiseuille flow tests demonstrate a decrease in viscosity by more than a factor of 2.

  20. Patch Test Negative Generalized Dermatitis.

    PubMed

    Spiker, Alison; Mowad, Christen

    2016-01-01

    Allergic contact dermatitis is a common condition in dermatology. Patch testing is the criterion standard for diagnosis. However, dermatitis is not always caused by an allergen, and patch testing does not identify a culprit in every patient. Generalized dermatitis, defined as eczematous dermatitis affecting greater than 3 body sites, is often encountered in dermatology practice, especially patch test referral centers. Management for patients with generalized dermatitis who are patch test negative is challenging. The purpose of this article is to outline an approach to this challenging scenario and summarize the paucity of existing literature on patch test negative generalized dermatitis.

  1. Origin of Tektites.

    PubMed

    O'keefe, J A; Shute, B E

    1963-03-29

    A comet of the size recently postulated by H. C. Urey would leave a large crater. It is shown, from aerodynamic theory, from observations of distribution around terrestrial impact craters, and from experimental nuclear explosions, that the observed distribution of tektites cannot be the result of impact on the earth, whether cometary or meteoritic. It is further shown, from aerodynamic theory, from observation of a meteor shower, and from study of the breakup of artificial satellites, that the distribution of tektites can be accounted for as a result of fusion stripping of a satellite, as originally suggested by Suess.

  2. The Origin of Echocardiography

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Siddharth; Goyal, Abha

    2007-01-01

    The original description of M-mode echocardiography in 1953, by Inge Edler (1911–2001) and his physicist friend Hellmuth Hertz, marked the beginning of a new diagnostic noninvasive technique. Edler used this technique primarily for the preoperative study of mitral stenosis and diagnosis of mitral regurgitation. His work was carried forward by cardiologists all over the world, who developed Doppler, 2-dimensional, contrast, and transesophageal echocardiography. These are now standard in cardiologic examinations. Edler also influenced neurologists and obstetricians at Lund University (Sweden) to use ultrasound in their fields. For his landmark discovery, Edler is recognized as the “Father of Echocardiography.” PMID:18172524

  3. Origin of earth's moon

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wood, J. A.

    1977-01-01

    The major geochemical properties of the moon are briefly considered along with the significant facts of the moon's geologic history, and then the three current hypotheses regarding the moon's origin, namely, fission, capture, and binary accretion, are reviewed. The individual merits and improbabilities associated with each mechanism are taken into consideration. Special attention is given to the binary accretion model as the most promising one. In the variants of this model, of crucial importance is the nature of the more general hypothesis assumed for planetary formation from the solar nebula. The two main models differ considerably in the amount of chemical fractionation they allow to accompany planetary formation.

  4. Molecular origin of friction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Hui; Zhang, Tao; Hu, Yuanzhong

    2004-01-01

    The wearless friction originating from molecular interactions has been discussed in this paper. We find that the frictional properties are closely related to the structural match of two surfaces in relative motion. For the surfaces with incommensurate structure and week inter-surface interaction, zero static and kinetic friction can be achieved. In a sliding considered as in a quasi-static state, the energy dissipation initiates when interfacial particles move in a discontinuous fashion, which gives rise to a finite kinetic friction. The state of superlubricity is a result of computer simulations, but the prediction will encourage people to look for a technical approach to realizing the state of super low friction.

  5. Photonic crystal negative refractive optics.

    PubMed

    Baba, Toshihiko; Abe, Hiroshi; Asatsuma, Tomohiko; Matsumoto, Takashi

    2010-03-01

    Photonic crystals (PCs) are multi-dimensional periodic gratings, in which the light propagation is dominated by Bragg diffraction that appears to be refraction at the flat surfaces of the PC. The refraction angle from positive to negative, perfectly or only partially obeying Snell's law, can be tailored using photonic band theory. The negative refraction enables novel prism, collimation, and lens effects. Because PCs usually consist of two transparent media, these effects occur at absorption-free frequencies, affording significant design flexibility for free-space optics. The PC slab, a high-index membrane with a two-dimensional airhole array, must be carefully designed to avoid reflection and diffraction losses. Light focusing based on negative refraction forms a parallel image of a light source, facilitating optical couplers and condenser lenses for wavelength demultiplexing. A compact wavelength demultiplexer can be designed by combining the prism and lens effects. The collimation effect is obtainable not only inside but also outside of the PC by optimizing negative refractive condition.

  6. Some Concepts of Negative Dependence.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-03-01

    The theory of positive dependence notions cannot yield useful results for some widely used distributions such as the multinomial, Dirichlet and the...multivariate hypergeometric. Some conditions of negative dependence that are satisfied by these distributions and which have practical meaning are

  7. Questioning Zero and Negative Numbers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilcox, Virginia B.

    2008-01-01

    After experiencing a Developing Mathematical Ideas (DMI) class on the construction of algebraic concepts surrounding zero and negative numbers, the author conducted an interview with a first grader to determine the youngster's existing level of understanding about these topics. Uncovering young students' existing understanding can provide focus…

  8. Origins of Bladder Cancer.

    PubMed

    Czerniak, Bogdan; Dinney, Colin; McConkey, David

    2016-05-23

    Bladder cancer, one of the most frequently occurring human cancers, develops via two tracks referred to as papillary and nonpapillary that correspond to clinically different forms of the disease. Most bladder cancers are chemically induced, with tobacco smoking being the leading risk factor. Recent advances in bladder cancer research have enhanced our understanding of the origin of this disease from urothelial progenitor cells via field effects along papillary/luminal and nonpapillary/basal pathways. Evident from the outset of the disease, the diversity of the luminal and basal pathways, together with cell lineage tracing studies, postulates the origin of molecularly distinct subtypes from different uroprogenitor cells. The molecular mechanisms initiating field effects involve a new class of genes referred to as forerunner (FR) genes that generally map around major tumor suppressors such as RB1. These genes are silenced, predominantly by hypermethylation and less frequently by mutations, and drive the expansion of intraurothelial preneoplastic cells. Different FR genes are involved in various molecular subtypes of bladder cancer and they sensitize the uroprogenitor cells to the development of luminal and basal bladder cancers in animal models. In human bladder cancer, luminal and basal forms have dissimilar clinical behavior and response to conventional and targeted chemotherapeutic manipulations. These new research developments hold the promise of expanding our armamentarium of diagnostic and treatment options for patients with bladder cancer and improving our ability to select patients most likely to respond to a specific therapy.

  9. The origin of Neandertals

    PubMed Central

    Hublin, J. J.

    2009-01-01

    Western Eurasia yielded a rich Middle (MP) and Late Pleistocene (LP) fossil record documenting the evolution of the Neandertals that can be analyzed in light of recently acquired paleogenetical data, an abundance of archeological evidence, and a well-known environmental context. Their origin likely relates to an episode of recolonization of Western Eurasia by hominins of African origin carrying the Acheulean technology into Europe around 600 ka. An enhancement of both glacial and interglacial phases may have played a crucial role in this event, as well as in the subsequent evolutionary history of the Western Eurasian populations. In addition to climatic adaptations and an increase in encephalization, genetic drift seems to have played a major role in their evolution. To date, a clear speciation event is not documented, and the most likely scenario for the fixation of Neandertal characteristics seems to be an accretion of features along the second half of the MP. Although a separation time for the African and Eurasian populations is difficult to determine, it certainly predates OIS 11 as phenotypic Neandertal features are documented as far back as and possibly before this time. It is proposed to use the term “Homo rhodesiensis” to designate the large-brained hominins ancestral to H. sapiens in Africa and at the root of the Neandertals in Europe, and to use the term “Homo neanderthalensis” to designate all of the specimens carrying derived metrical or non-metrical features used in the definition of the LP Neandertals. PMID:19805257

  10. The Origins of Options

    PubMed Central

    Smaldino, Paul E.; Richerson, Peter J.

    2012-01-01

    Most research on decision making has focused on how human or animal decision makers choose between two or more options, posed in advance by the researchers. The mechanisms by which options are generated for most decisions, however, are not well understood. Models of sequential search have examined the trade-off between continued exploration and choosing one’s current best option, but still cannot explain the processes by which new options are generated. We argue that understanding the origins of options is a crucial but untapped area for decision making research. We explore a number of factors which influence the generation of options, which fall broadly into two categories: psycho-biological and socio-cultural. The former category includes factors such as perceptual biases and associative memory networks. The latter category relies on the incredible human capacity for culture and social learning, which doubtless shape not only our choices but the options available for choice. Our intention is to start a discussion that brings us closer toward understanding the origins of options. PMID:22514515

  11. Unimode metamaterials exhibiting negative linear compressibility and negative thermal expansion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dudek, Krzysztof K.; Attard, Daphne; Caruana-Gauci, Roberto; Wojciechowski, Krzysztof W.; Grima, Joseph N.

    2016-02-01

    Unimode metamaterials made from rotating rigid triangles are analysed mathematically for their mechanical and thermal expansion properties. It is shown that these unimode systems exhibit positive Poisson’s ratios irrespective of size, shape and angle of aperture, with the Poisson’s ratio exhibiting giant values for certain conformations. When the Poisson’s ratio in one loading direction is larger than +1, the systems were found to exhibit the anomalous property of negative linear compressibility along this direction, that is, the systems expand in this direction when hydrostatically compressed. Also discussed are the thermal expansion properties of these systems under the assumption that the units exhibit increased rotational agitation once subjected to an increase in temperature. The effect of the geometric parameters on the aforementioned thermo-mechanical properties of the system, are discussed, with the aim of identifying negative behaviour.

  12. Metalinguistic Negation in English and Arabic

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nedwick, Kelly M.

    2014-01-01

    Negation is a unique and fascinating property of human language which has been given extensive theoretical and typological treatment. One categorization divides negation use into metalinguistic negation and descriptive negation (Horn, 1985). Descriptive negation (DN) is the truth-functional semantic operator which has received the most attention…

  13. Photocopy of photograph (original located at Mare Island Archives). Original ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original located at Mare Island Archives). Original photographer unknown. View of sawmill after earthquake of 1898. - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, East of Nave Drive, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

  14. Photocopy of photograph (original located at Mare Island Archives). Original ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original located at Mare Island Archives). Original photographer unknown. View of waterfront during World War II; N.D. - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, East of Nave Drive, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

  15. Photocopy of photograph (original located at Mare Island Archives). Original ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original located at Mare Island Archives). Original photographer unknown. View of Franklin D. Roosevelt walking past old Marine Corps Barracks; 1913. - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, East of Nave Drive, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

  16. Photocopy of photograph (original located at Mare Island Archives). Original ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original located at Mare Island Archives). Original photographer unknown. View of building 133 being moved; 1933. - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, East of Nave Drive, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

  17. Photograph of original drawing (original in possession of National Passenger ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photograph of original drawing (original in possession of National Passenger Railroad Corporation). Canopy Plans, Sections, and Details (n.d.) - North Philadelphia Station, 2900 North Broad Street, on northwest corner of Broad Street & Glenwood Avenue, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

  18. 18. Photocopy of original drawing by Cass Gilbert, 1918 (original ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    18. Photocopy of original drawing by Cass Gilbert, 1918 (original in possession of NYC Economic Development Corp.) PLANS AND SECTIONS, MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT-PIERS 2, 3, AND 4 - Brooklyn Army Supply Base, Pier 2, Brooklyn, Kings County, NY

  19. 15. Photocopy of original drawing by Cass Gilbert, 1918 (original ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. Photocopy of original drawing by Cass Gilbert, 1918 (original in possession of NYC Economic Development Corp.) TYPICAL DETAILS-PIERS 2, 3, AND 4 - Brooklyn Army Supply Base, Pier 2, Brooklyn, Kings County, NY

  20. 14. Photocopy of original drawing by Cass Gilbert, 1918 (original ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. Photocopy of original drawing by Cass Gilbert, 1918 (original in possession of NYC Economic Development Corp.) SECTIONS AND DETAILS-PIERS 2, 3, AND 4 - Brooklyn Army Supply Base, Pier 2, Brooklyn, Kings County, NY

  1. 21. Photocopy of original drawing by Cass Gilbert, 1918 (original ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    21. Photocopy of original drawing by Cass Gilbert, 1918 (original in possession of NYC Economic Development Corp.) ERECTION PLAN-PIER NO. 4 - Brooklyn Army Supply Base, Pier 4, Brooklyn, Kings County, NY

  2. 16. Photocopy of original drawing by Cass Gilbert, 1918 (original ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    16. Photocopy of original drawing by Cass Gilbert, 1918 (original in possession of NYC Economic Development Corp.) DETAILS OF INSHORE ENDS-PIERS 2, 3, AND 4 - Brooklyn Army Supply Base, Pier 2, Brooklyn, Kings County, NY

  3. 13. Photocopy of original drawing by Cass Gilbert, 1918 (original ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    13. Photocopy of original drawing by Cass Gilbert, 1918 (original in possession of NYC Economic Development Corp.) ARMY SUPPLY BASE-PLAN OF CONSTRUCTION PLANT - Brooklyn Army Supply Base, Pier 2, Brooklyn, Kings County, NY

  4. 17. Photocopy of original drawing by Cass Gilbert, 1918 (original ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    17. Photocopy of original drawing by Cass Gilbert, 1918 (original in possession of NYC Economic Development Corp.) DETAILS OF OUTSHORE ENDS-PIERS 2, 3, AND 4 - Brooklyn Army Supply Base, Pier 2, Brooklyn, Kings County, NY

  5. 19. Photocopy of original drawing by Cass Gilbert, 1918 (original ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    19. Photocopy of original drawing by Cass Gilbert, 1918 (original in possession of NYC Economic Development Corp.) BRIDGES BETWEEN WAREHOUSE A AND PIERS - Brooklyn Army Supply Base, Pier 2, Brooklyn, Kings County, NY

  6. Photocopy of photograph (original located at Mare Island Archives). Original ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original located at Mare Island Archives). Original photographer unknown. Building 253; 1920. - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Supply Building, Walnut Avenue, southeast corner of Walnut Avenue & Fifth Street, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

  7. Photocopy of photograph (original located at Mare Island Archives). Original ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original located at Mare Island Archives). Original photographer unknown. Coal sheds with coals; 1906. - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Coal Sheds, Waterfront Avenue, northwest corner of Waterfront Avenue & Fourth Street, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

  8. Photocopy of photograph (original located at Mare Island Archives). Original ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of photograph (original located at Mare Island Archives). Original photographer unknown. QUARTERS A IN THE SNOW; 1913. - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Commandant's Quarters, Walnut Avenue, west side near Eighth Street, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

  9. First molecules, biological chirality, origin(s) of life.

    PubMed

    Caglioti, Luciano; Micskei, Károly; Pályi, Gyula

    2011-01-01

    Origin(s) of biological chirality appear(s) to be intimately connected to origin(s) of life. Prebiotic evolution toward these important turning points can be traced back to single chiral molecules. These can be small (monomeric) units as amino acids or monosaccharides or oligomers as oligo-RNA type molecules. Earlier speculations about these two kinds of entries to biological chirality are critically reviewed.

  10. Conscientiousness: Origins in Childhood?

    PubMed Central

    Eisenberg, Nancy; Duckworth, Angela L.; Spinrad, Tracy L.; Valiente, Carlos

    2012-01-01

    In this review, we evaluate developmental and personality research with the aim of determining if the personality trait of conscientiousness can be identified in children and adolescents. After concluding that conscientiousness does emerge in childhood, we discuss the developmental origins of conscientiousness with a specific focus on self-regulation, academic motivation, and internalized compliance/internalization of standards. Based on the accumulated body of evidence, we conclude that self-regulation fosters conscientiousness later in life, both directly and via academic motivation and internalized compliance with norms. We argue that elements of conscientiousness are evident by early childhood, self-regulation skills are likely a core developmental component of conscientiousness, and despite the contribution of heredity to the aforementioned aspects of functioning, environmental factors likely contribute to conscientiousness. PMID:23244405

  11. Mechanical origin of aftershocks

    PubMed Central

    Lippiello, E.; Giacco, F.; Marzocchi, W.; Godano, C.; de Arcangelis, L.

    2015-01-01

    Aftershocks are the most striking evidence of earthquake interactions and the physical mechanisms at the origin of their occurrence are still intensively debated. Novel insights stem from recent results on the influence of the faulting style on the aftershock organisation in magnitude and time. Our study shows that the size of the aftershock zone depends on the fault geometry. We find that positive correlations among parameters controlling aftershock occurrence in time, energy and space are a stable feature of seismicity independently of magnitude range and geographic areas. We explain the ensemble of experimental findings by means of a description of the Earth Crust as an heterogeneous elastic medium coupled with a Maxwell viscoelastic asthenosphere. Our results show that heterogeneous stress distribution in an elastic layer combined with a coupling to a viscous flow are sufficient ingredients to describe the physics of aftershock triggering. PMID:26497720

  12. Origins of Stellar Halos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johnston, Kathryn V.

    2016-08-01

    This contribution reviews ideas about the origins of stellar halos. It includes discussion of the theoretical understanding of and observational evidence for stellar populations formed ``in situ'' (meaning formed in orbits close to their current ones), ``kicked-out'' (meaning formed in the inner galaxy in orbits unlike their current ones) and ``accreted'' (meaning formed in a dark matter halo other than the one they currently occupy). At this point there is general agreement that a significant fraction of any stellar halo population is likely ``accreted''. There is modest evidence for the presence of a ``kicked-out'' population around both the Milky Way and M31. Our theoretical understanding of and the observational evidence for an ``in situ'' population are less clear.

  13. Origins of hydration lubrication.

    PubMed

    Ma, Liran; Gaisinskaya-Kipnis, Anastasia; Kampf, Nir; Klein, Jacob

    2015-01-14

    Why is friction in healthy hips and knees so low? Hydration lubrication, according to which hydration shells surrounding charges act as lubricating elements in boundary layers (including those coating cartilage in joints), has been invoked to account for the extremely low sliding friction between surfaces in aqueous media, but not well understood. Here we report the direct determination of energy dissipation within such sheared hydration shells. By trapping hydrated ions in a 0.4-1 nm gap between atomically smooth charged surfaces as they slide past each other, we are able to separate the dissipation modes of the friction and, in particular, identify the viscous losses in the subnanometre hydration shells. Our results shed light on the origins of hydration lubrication, with potential implications both for aqueous boundary lubricants and for biolubrication.

  14. The origins of informatics.

    PubMed Central

    Collen, M F

    1994-01-01

    This article summarizes the origins of informatics, which is based on the science, engineering, and technology of computer hardware, software, and communications. In just four decades, from the 1950s to the 1990s, computer technology has progressed from slow, first-generation vacuum tubes, through the invention of the transistor and its incorporation into microprocessor chips, and ultimately, to fast, fourth-generation very-large-scale-integrated silicon chips. Programming has undergone a parallel transformation, from cumbersome, first-generation, machine languages to efficient, fourth-generation application-oriented languages. Communication has evolved from simple copper wires to complex fiberoptic cables in computer-linked networks. The digital computer has profound implications for the development and practice of clinical medicine. PMID:7719803

  15. Conscientiousness: origins in childhood?

    PubMed

    Eisenberg, Nancy; Duckworth, Angela L; Spinrad, Tracy L; Valiente, Carlos

    2014-05-01

    In this review, we evaluate developmental and personality research with the aim of determining whether the personality trait of conscientiousness can be identified in children and adolescents. After concluding that conscientiousness does emerge in childhood, we discuss the developmental origins of conscientiousness with a specific focus on self-regulation, academic motivation, and internalized compliance/internalization of standards. On the basis of the accumulated body of evidence, we conclude that self-regulation fosters conscientiousness later in life, both directly and via academic motivation and internalized compliance with norms. We argue that elements of conscientiousness are evident by early childhood; self-regulation skills are likely a core developmental component of conscientiousness; and despite the contribution of heredity to the aforementioned aspects of functioning, environmental factors likely contribute to conscientiousness.

  16. Mechanical origin of aftershocks.

    PubMed

    Lippiello, E; Giacco, F; Marzocchi, W; Godano, C; de Arcangelis, L

    2015-10-26

    Aftershocks are the most striking evidence of earthquake interactions and the physical mechanisms at the origin of their occurrence are still intensively debated. Novel insights stem from recent results on the influence of the faulting style on the aftershock organisation in magnitude and time. Our study shows that the size of the aftershock zone depends on the fault geometry. We find that positive correlations among parameters controlling aftershock occurrence in time, energy and space are a stable feature of seismicity independently of magnitude range and geographic areas. We explain the ensemble of experimental findings by means of a description of the Earth Crust as an heterogeneous elastic medium coupled with a Maxwell viscoelastic asthenosphere. Our results show that heterogeneous stress distribution in an elastic layer combined with a coupling to a viscous flow are sufficient ingredients to describe the physics of aftershock triggering.

  17. The Origin of Mercury

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Benz, W.; Anic, A.; Horner, J.; Whitby, J. A.

    Mercury's unusually high mean density has always been attributed to special circumstances that occurred during the formation of the planet or shortly thereafter, and due to the planet's close proximity to the Sun. The nature of these special circumstances is still being debated and several scenarios, all proposed more than 20 years ago, have been suggested. In all scenarios, the high mean density is the result of severe fractionation occurring between silicates and iron. It is the origin of this fractionation that is at the centre of the debate: is it due to differences in condensation temperature and/or in material characteristics (e.g. density, strength)? Is it because of mantle evaporation due to the close proximity to the Sun? Or is it due to the blasting off of the mantle during a giant impact?

  18. Origin of Prometheus Eccentricity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rappaport, N. J.; Longaretti, P.

    2006-12-01

    A number of Saturn's small satellites, from Atlas to the coorbital satellites Janus and Epimetheus, move on orbits just outside the main rings of the planet. These satellites undergo extremely rapid resonant interaction with the rings and outward motion, strongly suggesting that they originated in Saturn's A ring. However, their eccentricities, of the order of 1/1000 are several orders of magnitude larger than what could be expected if the small satellites formed in the ring. This paper represents a first step to providing an explanation for this phenomenon, by focusing on the dynamical processes that have affected the eccentricity of Prometheus. The explanation invokes past resonances with the coorbital satellites combined with chaos due to overlapping of these resonances.

  19. The origin of humor.

    PubMed

    Howe, N E

    2002-09-01

    Humor is spread throughout every culture on earth and occupies a large portion of our literature and social interaction. It is so deeply rooted in our culture that it may be a defining characteristic of our species. Yet there has been comparatively little effort to understand its origin. According to the Accepted Theory of Humor all jokes begin with a buildup of tension while an initial paradigm is formed. When the punch line occurs the subject must realign his thinking to accommodate the differences between the initial paradigm and the sudden burst of new information. The Mind Reading Hypothesis extends the accepted theory of humor to include a relationship between the observer and the subject of the humor. The actual source of amusement is the observation of the resolution in the mind of the subject of the collision between old perception and new reality.

  20. Origins of adaptive immunity.

    PubMed

    Liongue, Clifford; John, Liza B; Ward, Alister

    2011-01-01

    Adaptive immunity, involving distinctive antibody- and cell-mediated responses to specific antigens based on "memory" of previous exposure, is a hallmark of higher vertebrates. It has been argued that adaptive immunity arose rapidly, as articulated in the "big bang theory" surrounding its origins, which stresses the importance of coincident whole-genome duplications. Through a close examination of the key molecules and molecular processes underpinning adaptive immunity, this review suggests a less-extreme model, in which adaptive immunity emerged as part of longer evolutionary journey. Clearly, whole-genome duplications provided additional raw genetic materials that were vital to the emergence of adaptive immunity, but a variety of other genetic events were also required to generate some of the key molecules, whereas others were preexisting and simply co-opted into adaptive immunity.

  1. Actinides and Life's Origins

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adam, Zachary

    2007-12-01

    There are growing indications that life began in a radioactive beach environment. A geologic framework for the origin or support of life in a Hadean heavy mineral placer beach has been developed, based on the unique chemical properties of the lower-electronic actinides, which act as nuclear fissile and fertile fuels, radiolytic energy sources, oligomer catalysts, and coordinating ions (along with mineralogically associated lanthanides) for prototypical prebiotic homonuclear and dinuclear metalloenzymes. A four-factor nuclear reactor model was constructed to estimate how much uranium would have been required to initiate a sustainable fission reaction within a placer beach sand 4.3 billion years ago. It was calculated that about 1-8 weight percent of the sand would have to have been uraninite, depending on the weight percent, uranium enrichment, and quantity of neutron poisons present within the remaining placer minerals. Radiolysis experiments were conducted with various solvents with the use of uranium- and thorium-rich minerals (metatorbernite and monazite, respectively) as proxies for radioactive beach sand in contact with different carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen reactants. Radiation bombardment ranged in duration of exposure from 3 weeks to 6 months. Low levels of acetonitrile (estimated to be on the order of parts per billion in concentration) were conclusively identified in 2 setups and tentatively indicated in a 3rd by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. These low levels have been interpreted within the context of a Hadean placer beach prebiotic framework to demonstrate the promise of investigating natural nuclear reactors as power production sites that might have assisted the origins of life on young rocky planets with a sufficiently differentiated crust/mantle structure. Future investigations are recommended to better quantify the complex relationships between energy release, radioactive grain size, fissionability, reactant phase, phosphorus

  2. Actinides and Life's Origins.

    PubMed

    Adam, Zachary

    2007-12-01

    There are growing indications that life began in a radioactive beach environment. A geologic framework for the origin or support of life in a Hadean heavy mineral placer beach has been developed, based on the unique chemical properties of the lower-electronic actinides, which act as nuclear fissile and fertile fuels, radiolytic energy sources, oligomer catalysts, and coordinating ions (along with mineralogically associated lanthanides) for prototypical prebiotic homonuclear and dinuclear metalloenzymes. A four-factor nuclear reactor model was constructed to estimate how much uranium would have been required to initiate a sustainable fission reaction within a placer beach sand 4.3 billion years ago. It was calculated that about 1-8 weight percent of the sand would have to have been uraninite, depending on the weight percent, uranium enrichment, and quantity of neutron poisons present within the remaining placer minerals. Radiolysis experiments were conducted with various solvents with the use of uraniumand thorium-rich minerals (metatorbernite and monazite, respectively) as proxies for radioactive beach sand in contact with different carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen reactants. Radiation bombardment ranged in duration of exposure from 3 weeks to 6 months. Low levels of acetonitrile (estimated to be on the order of parts per billion in concentration) were conclusively identified in 2 setups and tentatively indicated in a 3(rd) by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. These low levels have been interpreted within the context of a Hadean placer beach prebiotic framework to demonstrate the promise of investigating natural nuclear reactors as power production sites that might have assisted the origins of life on young rocky planets with a sufficiently differentiated crust/mantle structure. Future investigations are recommended to better quantify the complex relationships between energy release, radioactive grain size, fissionability, reactant phase, phosphorus

  3. Gram-Negative Flagella Glycosylation

    PubMed Central

    Merino, Susana; Tomás, Juan M.

    2014-01-01

    Protein glycosylation had been considered as an eccentricity of a few bacteria. However, through advances in analytical methods and genome sequencing, it is now established that bacteria possess both N-linked and O-linked glycosylation pathways. Both glycosylation pathways can modify multiple proteins, flagellins from Archaea and Eubacteria being one of these. Flagella O-glycosylation has been demonstrated in many polar flagellins from Gram-negative bacteria and in only the Gram-positive genera Clostridium and Listeria. Furthermore, O-glycosylation has also been demonstrated in a limited number of lateral flagellins. In this work, we revised the current advances in flagellar glycosylation from Gram-negative bacteria, focusing on the structural diversity of glycans, the O-linked pathway and the biological function of flagella glycosylation. PMID:24557579

  4. Negative-ion plasma sources

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sheehan, D. P.; Rynn, N.

    1988-08-01

    Three designs for negative-ion plasma sources are described. Two sources utilize metal hexafluorides such as SF6 and WF6 to scavenge electrons from electron-ion plasmas and the third relies upon surface ionization of alkali halide salts on heated alumina and zirconia. SF6 introduced into electron-ion plasmas yielded negative-ion plasma densities of 10 to the 10th/cu cm with low residual electron densities. On alumina, plasma densities of 10 to the 9th/cu cm were obtained for CsCl, CsI, and KI and 10 to the 9th/cu cm for KCl. On zirconia 10 to the 10th/cu cm densities were obtained for CsCl. For alkali halide sources, electron densities of less than about 10 to the -4th have been achieved.

  5. Gram-negative flagella glycosylation.

    PubMed

    Merino, Susana; Tomás, Juan M

    2014-02-19

    Protein glycosylation had been considered as an eccentricity of a few bacteria. However, through advances in analytical methods and genome sequencing, it is now established that bacteria possess both N-linked and O-linked glycosylation pathways. Both glycosylation pathways can modify multiple proteins, flagellins from Archaea and Eubacteria being one of these. Flagella O-glycosylation has been demonstrated in many polar flagellins from Gram-negative bacteria and in only the Gram-positive genera Clostridium and Listeria. Furthermore, O-glycosylation has also been demonstrated in a limited number of lateral flagellins. In this work, we revised the current advances in flagellar glycosylation from Gram-negative bacteria, focusing on the structural diversity of glycans, the O-linked pathway and the biological function of flagella glycosylation.

  6. Cosmology with negative absolute temperatures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vieira, J. P. P.; Byrnes, Christian T.; Lewis, Antony

    2016-08-01

    Negative absolute temperatures (NAT) are an exotic thermodynamical consequence of quantum physics which has been known since the 1950's (having been achieved in the lab on a number of occasions). Recently, the work of Braun et al. [1] has rekindled interest in negative temperatures and hinted at a possibility of using NAT systems in the lab as dark energy analogues. This paper goes one step further, looking into the cosmological consequences of the existence of a NAT component in the Universe. NAT-dominated expanding Universes experience a borderline phantom expansion (w < -1) with no Big Rip, and their contracting counterparts are forced to bounce after the energy density becomes sufficiently large. Both scenarios might be used to solve horizon and flatness problems analogously to standard inflation and bouncing cosmologies. We discuss the difficulties in obtaining and ending a NAT-dominated epoch, and possible ways of obtaining density perturbations with an acceptable spectrum.

  7. Negative effects of positive reinforcement.

    PubMed

    Perone, Michael

    2003-01-01

    Procedures classified as positive reinforcement are generally regarded as more desirable than those classified as aversive-those that involve negative reinforcement or punishment. This is a crude test of the desirability of a procedure to change or maintain behavior. The problems can be identified on the basis of theory, experimental analysis, and consideration of practical cases. Theoretically, the distinction between positive and negative reinforcement has proven difficult (some would say the distinction is untenable). When the distinction is made purely in operational terms, experiments reveal that positive reinforcement has aversive functions. On a practical level, positive reinforcement can lead to deleterious effects, and it is implicated in a range of personal and societal problems. These issues challenge us to identify other criteria for judging behavioral procedures.

  8. Negative effects of positive reinforcement

    PubMed Central

    Perone, Michael

    2003-01-01

    Procedures classified as positive reinforcement are generally regarded as more desirable than those classified as aversive—those that involve negative reinforcement or punishment. This is a crude test of the desirability of a procedure to change or maintain behavior. The problems can be identified on the basis of theory, experimental analysis, and consideration of practical cases. Theoretically, the distinction between positive and negative reinforcement has proven difficult (some would say the distinction is untenable). When the distinction is made purely in operational terms, experiments reveal that positive reinforcement has aversive functions. On a practical level, positive reinforcement can lead to deleterious effects, and it is implicated in a range of personal and societal problems. These issues challenge us to identify other criteria for judging behavioral procedures. ImagesFigure 1Figure 2 PMID:22478391

  9. In defense of negative temperature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Poulter, J.

    2016-03-01

    This pedagogical comment highlights three misconceptions concerning the usefulness of the concept of negative temperature, being derived from the usual, often termed Boltzmann, definition of entropy. First, both the Boltzmann and Gibbs entropies must obey the same thermodynamic consistency relation. Second, the Boltzmann entropy does obey the second law of thermodynamics. Third, there exists an integrating factor of the heat differential with both definitions of entropy.

  10. Quantum complexity and negative curvature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brown, Adam R.; Susskind, Leonard; Zhao, Ying

    2017-02-01

    As time passes, once simple quantum states tend to become more complex. For strongly coupled k -local Hamiltonians, this growth of computational complexity has been conjectured to follow a distinctive and universal pattern. In this paper we show that the same pattern is exhibited by a much simpler system—classical geodesics on a compact two-dimensional geometry of uniform negative curvature. This striking parallel persists whether the system is allowed to evolve naturally or is perturbed from the outside.

  11. Indentability of conventional and negative Poisson's ratio foams

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lakes, R. S.; Elms, K.

    1992-01-01

    The indentation resistance of foams, both of conventional structure and of re-entrant structure giving rise to negative Poisson's ratio, is studied using holographic interferometry. In holographic indentation tests, re-entrant foams had higher yield strengths sigma(sub y) and lower stiffness E than conventional foams of the same original relative density. Calculated energy absorption for dynamic impact is considerably higher for re-entrant foam than conventional foam.

  12. Research priorities for negative emissions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fuss, S.; Jones, C. D.; Kraxner, F.; Peters, G. P.; Smith, P.; Tavoni, M.; van Vuuren, D. P.; Canadell, J. G.; Jackson, R. B.; Milne, J.; Moreira, J. R.; Nakicenovic, N.; Sharifi, A.; Yamagata, Y.

    2016-11-01

    Carbon dioxide removal from the atmosphere (CDR)—also known as ‘negative emissions’—features prominently in most 2 °C scenarios and has been under increased scrutiny by scientists, citizens, and policymakers. Critics argue that ‘negative emission technologies’ (NETs) are insufficiently mature to rely on them for climate stabilization. Some even argue that 2 °C is no longer feasible or might have unacceptable social and environmental costs. Nonetheless, the Paris Agreement endorsed an aspirational goal of limiting global warming to even lower levels, arguing that climate impacts—especially for vulnerable nations such as small island states—will be unacceptably severe in a 2 °C world. While there are few pathways to 2 °C that do not rely on negative emissions, 1.5 °C scenarios are barely conceivable without them. Building on previous assessments of NETs, we identify some urgent research needs to provide a more complete picture for reaching ambitious climate targets, and the role that NETs can play in reaching them.

  13. Negative refraction in semiconductor metamaterials.

    PubMed

    Hoffman, Anthony J; Alekseyev, Leonid; Howard, Scott S; Franz, Kale J; Wasserman, Dan; Podolskiy, Viktor A; Narimanov, Evgenii E; Sivco, Deborah L; Gmachl, Claire

    2007-12-01

    An optical metamaterial is a composite in which subwavelength features, rather than the constituent materials, control the macroscopic electromagnetic properties of the material. Recently, properly designed metamaterials have garnered much interest because of their unusual interaction with electromagnetic waves. Whereas nature seems to have limits on the type of materials that exist, newly invented metamaterials are not bound by such constraints. These newly accessible electromagnetic properties make these materials an excellent platform for demonstrating unusual optical phenomena and unique applications such as subwavelength imaging and planar lens design. 'Negative-index materials', as first proposed, required the permittivity, epsilon, and permeability, mu, to be simultaneously less than zero, but such materials face limitations. Here, we demonstrate a comparatively low-loss, three-dimensional, all-semiconductor metamaterial that exhibits negative refraction for all incidence angles in the long-wave infrared region and requires only an anisotropic dielectric function with a single resonance. Using reflection and transmission measurements and a comprehensive model of the material, we demonstrate that our material exhibits negative refraction. This is furthermore confirmed through a straightforward beam optics experiment. This work will influence future metamaterial designs and their incorporation into optical semiconductor devices.

  14. Exotic negative molecules in AMS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Golser, Robin; Gnaser, Hubert; Kutschera, Walter; Priller, Alfred; Steier, Peter; Wallner, Anton

    2007-06-01

    "The techniques and equipment developed for AMS studies are well suited for identifying exotic negative ions". With this sentence begins a pioneering paper by Roy Middleton and Jeff Klein (M&K) on small doubly-charged negative carbon clusters [Nucl. Instr. and Meth. B 123 (1997) 532]. M&K were the first to utilize Accelerator Mass Spectrometry to prove the existence of these clusters and a number of other exotic molecules. We review M&K's efforts and show how their work is being continued at other laboratories. The latest developments are: (1) the discovery of long-lived molecular hydrogen anions H2-,D2-and (2) the unambiguous identification of the smallest doubly-charged negative molecule (LiF3)2-. In particular we show new experimental data for D3-, and for (LiF3)2-, and we try to answer the question why M&K's search for this di-anion was unsuccessful.

  15. Acoustic metamaterial with negative parameter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, Hongwei; Yan, Fei; Gu, Hao; Li, Ying

    2014-03-01

    In this paper we present theoretical results on an acoustic metamaterial beam and a bar that exhibit negative effective mass and negative effective stiffness. A one-dimensional acoustic metamaterial with an array of spring-mass subsystems was fabricated. The frequency of the acoustic one dimensional metamaterial structure has the same form as that of the permittivity in metals due to the plasma oscillation. We also provide a theory to explain the simulation results. And we use the concept of conventional mechanical vibration absorbers to reveal the actual working mechanism of the acoustic metamaterials. We explain the two vibrate modes which are optical mode and acoustic mode in detail. When the incoming elastic wave in the acoustic metamaterials to resonate the integrated spring-mass-damper absorbers to vibrate in their optical mode at frequencies close to but above their local resonance frequencies to create shear forces and bending moments to straighten the beam and stop the wave propagation. Moreover, we explain the negative parameter in acoustic metamaterials.

  16. The Origin of Alcohol Proof

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jensen, William B.

    2004-01-01

    The origin of the "proof" system for measuring the ethanol content of alcoholic beverages is presented. The proof system was originally established for purposes of taxing liquors according to their alcohol content and is different in different countries.

  17. Negative ion chemistry in Titan's upper atmosphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vuitton, V.; Lavvas, P.; Yelle, R. V.; Wellbrock, A.; Lewis, G. R.; Coates, A.; Thissen, R.; Dutuit, O.

    2008-09-01

    al. provided the first quantitative evidence that thermospheric chemistry is the main source of haze on Titan [8]. The negative ions observed by ELS are very likely hydrocarbon and nitrogen-bearing species but their stoichiometry and structure are largely unknown because of the poor mass resolution of the spectrometer. In order to interpret the data, it is therefore necessary to develop kinetic models of the ionosphere of Titan and confront them with repeated measurements. In order to determine the processes controlling the formation of negative ions in Titan's atmosphere we use the photochemical model developed by Vuitton et al. [9; 10]. This model was used to successfully explain the processes controlling the positive ion formation in Titan's ionosphere. Furthermore, it was used for the investigation of the ion-neutral chemical processes controlling the formation of the observed thermospheric benzene abundance [11]. In order to properly describe the negative ion chemistry, eleven negative ions and about a hundred reactions involving negatively charged species have been added to the original model. The model solves the continuity equation in onedimension at altitudes between 700 and 1500 km, assuming local chemical equilibrium. It takes into account production and loss processes that include photoionization, photodetachement, energetic electron impact, and chemical reactions between ions and neutrals and between positively and negatively charged species. Due to the small chemical lifetime of ions compared with the characteristic time for diffusion, the latter is not included in the calculations. The photoelectron flux that leads to the production of negative ions is calculated by solving the Boltzmann transfer equation that provides a stationary solution for the intensity (cm-2 s-1 eV-1 sr-1) of electrons at different energies, angles and altitudes within the atmosphere ([12] and references therein). The ion densities depend closely upon the composition of the

  18. Origins of GEMS Grains

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Messenger, S.; Walker, R. M.

    2012-01-01

    Interplanetary dust particles (IDPs) collected in the Earth s stratosphere contain high abundances of submicrometer amorphous silicates known as GEMS grains. From their birth as condensates in the outflows of oxygen-rich evolved stars, processing in interstellar space, and incorporation into disks around new stars, amorphous silicates predominate in most astrophysical environments. Amorphous silicates were a major building block of our Solar System and are prominent in infrared spectra of comets. Anhydrous interplanetary dust particles (IDPs) thought to derive from comets contain abundant amorphous silicates known as GEMS (glass with embedded metal and sulfides) grains. GEMS grains have been proposed to be isotopically and chemically homogenized interstellar amorphous silicate dust. We evaluated this hypothesis through coordinated chemical and isotopic analyses of GEMS grains in a suite of IDPs to constrain their origins. GEMS grains show order of magnitude variations in Mg, Fe, Ca, and S abundances. GEMS grains do not match the average element abundances inferred for ISM dust containing on average, too little Mg, Fe, and Ca, and too much S. GEMS grains have complementary compositions to the crystalline components in IDPs suggesting that they formed from the same reservoir. We did not observe any unequivocal microstructural or chemical evidence that GEMS grains experienced prolonged exposure to radiation. We identified four GEMS grains having O isotopic compositions that point to origins in red giant branch or asymptotic giant branch stars and supernovae. Based on their O isotopic compositions, we estimate that 1-6% of GEMS grains are surviving circumstellar grains. The remaining 94-99% of GEMS grains have O isotopic compositions that are indistinguishable from terrestrial materials and carbonaceous chondrites. These isotopically solar GEMS grains either formed in the Solar System or were completely homogenized in the interstellar medium (ISM). However, the

  19. Origins of mass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilczek, Frank

    2012-10-01

    Newtonian mechanics posited mass as a primary quality of matter, incapable of further elucidation. We now see Newtonian mass as an emergent property. That mass-concept is tremendously useful in the approximate description of baryon-dominated matter at low energy — that is, the standard "matter" of everyday life, and of most of science and engineering — but it originates in a highly contingent and non-trivial way from more basic concepts. Most of the mass of standard matter, by far, arises dynamically, from back-reaction of the color gluon fields of quantum chromodynamics (QCD). Additional quantitatively small, though physically crucial, contributions come from the intrinsic masses of elementary quanta (electrons and quarks). The equations for massless particles support extra symmetries — specifically scale, chiral, and gauge symmetries. The consistency of the standard model relies on a high degree of underlying gauge and chiral symmetry, so the observed non-zero masses of many elementary particles (W and Z bosons, quarks, and leptons) requires spontaneous symmetry breaking. Superconductivity is a prototype for spontaneous symmetry breaking and for mass-generation, since photons acquire mass inside superconductors. A conceptually similar but more intricate form of all-pervasive (i.e. cosmic) superconductivity, in the context of the electroweak standard model, gives us a successful, economical account of W and Z boson masses. It also allows a phenomenologically successful, though profligate, accommodation of quark and lepton masses. The new cosmic superconductivity, when implemented in a straightforward, minimal way, suggests the existence of a remarkable new particle, the so-called Higgs particle. The mass of the Higgs particle itself is not explained in the theory, but appears as a free parameter. Earlier results suggested, and recent observations at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) may indicate, the actual existence of the Higgs particle, with mass m H

  20. Origins of mass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilczek, Frank

    2012-10-01

    Newtonian mechanics posited mass as a primary quality of matter, incapable of further elucidation. We now see Newtonian mass as an emergent property. That mass-concept is tremendously useful in the approximate description of baryon-dominated matter at low energy — that is, the standard "matter" of everyday life, and of most of science and engineering — but it originates in a highly contingent and non-trivial way from more basic concepts. Most of the mass of standard matter, by far, arises dynamically, from back-reaction of the color gluon fields of quantum chromodynamics (QCD). Additional quantitatively small, though physically crucial, contributions come from the intrinsic masses of elementary quanta (electrons and quarks). The equations for massless particles support extra symmetries — specifically scale, chiral, and gauge symmetries. The consistency of the standard model relies on a high degree of underlying gauge and chiral symmetry, so the observed non-zero masses of many elementary particles ( W and Z bosons, quarks, and leptons) requires spontaneous symmetry breaking. Superconductivity is a prototype for spontaneous symmetry breaking and for mass-generation, since photons acquire mass inside superconductors. A conceptually similar but more intricate form of all-pervasive ( i.e. cosmic) superconductivity, in the context of the electroweak standard model, gives us a successful, economical account of W and Z boson masses. It also allows a phenomenologically successful, though profligate, accommodation of quark and lepton masses. The new cosmic superconductivity, when implemented in a straightforward, minimal way, suggests the existence of a remarkable new particle, the so-called Higgs particle. The mass of the Higgs particle itself is not explained in the theory, but appears as a free parameter. Earlier results suggested, and recent observations at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) may indicate, the actual existence of the Higgs particle, with mass m H

  1. ER/PR Status of the Originating Cell of ER-Negative Breast Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-04-01

    levels. Therefore, the best ER BAC clon available at this time cannot express an However, while we were in the process of starting to make TVA...knock-in, we found the following surprise result that provides an alternati We have also created a transgenic line expressing tva from the whey acidic

  2. Negatively charged ions on Mg(0001) surfaces: appearance and origin of attractive adsorbate-adsorbate interactions.

    PubMed

    Cheng, Su-Ting; Todorova, Mira; Freysoldt, Christoph; Neugebauer, Jörg

    2014-09-26

    Adsorption of electronegative elements on a metal surface usually leads to an increase in the work function and decrease in the binding energy as the adsorbate coverage rises. Using density-functional theory calculations, we show that Cl adsorbed on a Mg(0001) surface complies with these expectations, but adsorption of {N,O,F} causes a decrease in the work function and an increase in the binding energy. Analyzing the electronic structure, we show that the presence of a highly polarizable electron spill-out in front of Mg(0001) causes this unusual adsorption behavior and is responsible for the appearance of a hitherto unknown net-attractive lateral electrostatic interaction between same charged adsorbates.

  3. Origins of magnetospheric physics

    SciTech Connect

    Van Allen, J.A.

    1983-01-01

    The history of the scientific investigation of the earth magnetosphere during the period 1946-1960 is reviewed, with a focus on satellite missions leading to the discovery of the inner and outer radiation belts. Chapters are devoted to ground-based studies of the earth magnetic field through the 1930s, the first U.S. rocket flights carrying scientific instruments, the rockoon flights from the polar regions (1952-1957), U.S. planning for scientific use of artificial satellites (1956), the launch of Sputnik I (1957), the discovery of the inner belt by Explorers I and III (1958), the Argus high-altitude atomic-explosion tests (1958), the confirmation of the inner belt and discovery of the outer belt by Explorer IV and Pioneers I-V, related studies by Sputniks II and III and Luniks I-III, and the observational and theoretical advances of 1959-1961. Photographs, drawings, diagrams, graphs, and copies of original notes and research proposals are provided. 227 references.

  4. Origin of Neutron Stars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brecher, K.

    1999-12-01

    The origin of the concept of neutron stars can be traced to two brief, incredibly insightful publications. Work on the earlier paper by Lev Landau (Phys. Z. Sowjetunion, 1, 285, 1932) actually predated the discovery of neutrons. Nonetheless, Landau arrived at the notion of a collapsed star with the density of a nucleus (really a "nucleus star") and demonstrated (at about the same time as, and independent of, Chandrasekhar) that there is an upper mass limit for dense stellar objects of about 1.5 solar masses. Perhaps even more remarkable is the abstract of a talk presented at the December 1933 meeting of the American Physical Society published by Walter Baade and Fritz Zwicky in 1934 (Phys. Rev. 45, 138). It followed the discovery of the neutron by just over a year. Their report, which was about the same length as the present abstract: (1) invented the concept and word supernova; (2) suggested that cosmic rays are produced by supernovae; and (3) in the authors own words, proposed "with all reserve ... the view that supernovae represent the transitions from ordinary stars to neutron stars (italics), which in their final stages consist of extremely closely packed neutrons." The abstract by Baade and Zwicky probably contains the highest density of new, important (and correct) ideas in high energy astrophysics ever published in a single paper. In this talk, we will discuss some of the facts and myths surrounding these two publications.

  5. DHCP Origin Traceback

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Majumdar, Saugat; Kulkarni, Dhananjay; Ravishankar, Chinya V.

    Imagine that the DHCP server is under attack from malicious hosts in your network. How would you know where these DHCP packets are coming from, or which path they took in the network? This paper investigates the problem of determining the origin of a DHCP packet in a network. We propose a practical method for adding a new option field that does not violate any RFC's, which we believe should be a crucial requirement while proposing any related solution. The new DHCP option will contain the ingress port and the switch MAC address. We recommend that this new option be added at the edge so that we can use the recorded value for performing traceback. The computational overhead of our solution is low, and the related network management tasks are low as well. We also address issues related to securing the field in order to maintain privacy of switch MAC addresses, fragmentation of packets, and possible attack scenarios. Our study shows that the traceback scheme is effective and practical to use in most network environments.

  6. 26. Photocopy of photograph. (Original is No. PI23488 in the ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    26. Photocopy of photograph. (Original is No. PI-23488 in the Seattle Post-Intelligencer Collection at the Museum of History and Industry (MOHAI), Seattle, WA. A print from the original negative can be ordered from MOHAI.) A 1937 view of the finish line viewed from the grandstand. Note original timer's stand (infield steward stand), original 'tote' board, and picket fencing. - Longacres, 1621 Southwest Sixteenth Street, Renton, King County, WA

  7. 8” x 10” and white photographic print made from original ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8” x 10” and white photographic print made from original 1935, 8” x 10” black and white photographic negative. New 4” x 5” archival negative made from print. Original photographer unknown. Original 8” x 10” negative located in the files of the New Orleans Public Belt Railroad administrative offices at 5100 Jefferson Highway, Jefferson, LA 70123. JANUARY 28, 1935 PHOTOGRAPH NO. 72 OF CONTRACT NO. 4 SHOWING BRIDGE SUPERSTRUCTURE COMPLETED HIGHWAY SLAB BETWEEN PIERS V TO B. - Huey P. Long Bridge, Spanning Mississippi River approximately midway between nine & twelve mile points upstream from & west of New Orleans, Jefferson, Jefferson Parish, LA

  8. 10. Photographic copy of original construction drawing, sheet no. 1 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. Photographic copy of original construction drawing, sheet no. 1 of 21, dated November 1, 1940, taken from a 11 x 17 print of a 2 x 2 negative in the possession of the Utah Department of Transportation, Salt Lake City, Utah. SITE PLAN - Huntington Creek Bridge, Spanning Huntington Creek at State Route 10, Huntington, Emery County, UT

  9. 14. Photographic copy of original construction drawing, sheet no. 14 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. Photographic copy of original construction drawing, sheet no. 14 of 21, dated November 1, 1940, taken from a 11 x 17 print of a 2 x 2 negative in the possession of the Utah Department of Transportation, Salt City Lake, Utah. ELEVATIONS AND SECTION OF PIER #2 - Huntington Creek Bridge, Spanning Huntington Creek at State Route 10, Huntington, Emery County, UT

  10. 11. Photographic copy of original construction drawing, sheet no. 2 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. Photographic copy of original construction drawing, sheet no. 2 of 21, dated November 1, 1940, taken from a 11 x 17 print of a 2 x 2 negative in the possession of the Utah Department of Transportation, Salt Lake City, Utah. PLAN AND ELEVATION - Huntington Creek Bridge, Spanning Huntington Creek at State Route 10, Huntington, Emery County, UT

  11. 12. Photographic copy of original construction drawing, sheet no. 3 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. Photographic copy of original construction drawing, sheet no. 3 of 21, dated November 1, 1940, taken from a 11 x 17 print of a 2 x 2 negative in the possession of the Utah Department of Transportation, Salt Lake City, Utah. SECTION AT PIER #1, DETAILS, AND SECTIONS - Huntington Creek Bridge, Spanning Huntington Creek at State Route 10, Huntington, Emery County, UT

  12. 15. Photographic copy of original construction drawing, sheet no. 17 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. Photographic copy of original construction drawing, sheet no. 17 of 21, dated November 1, 1940, taken from a 11 x 17 print of a 2 x 2 negative in the possession of the Utah Department of Transportation, Salt Lake City, Utah. MISC. SECTIONS AND DETAILS - Huntington Creek Bridge, Spanning Huntington Creek at State Route 10, Huntington, Emery County, UT

  13. 1. Photocopy of photograph (original print located at Prescott National ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Photocopy of photograph (original print located at Prescott National Forest, 344 South Cortez Street, Prescott, Arizona). Photograph is an enlargement of the negative. Photographer unknown, 1946 'TONTO SPRINGS CABIN PRESCOTT N.F. - 1946.' VIEW LOOKING NORTH. - Tonto Ranger Station, Forest Service Road 65 at Tonto Wash, Skull Valley, Yavapai County, AZ

  14. 2. Photocopy of photograph (original print located at Prescott National ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Photocopy of photograph (original print located at Prescott National Forest, 344 South Cortez Street, Prescott, Arizona). Photograph is an enlargement of the negative. Photographer unknown, 1926 'TONTO RANGER STATION PRESCOTT N.F. 1926.' VIEW LOOKING SOUTH. FROM LEFT TO RIGHT: HOUSE, WINDMILL, WATER STORAGE TANK, GARAGE, BARN. - Tonto Ranger Station, Forest Service Road 65 at Tonto Wash, Skull Valley, Yavapai County, AZ

  15. 26. Photocopy of a photograph (original print in the collection ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    26. Photocopy of a photograph (original print in the collection of the New Hampshire Water Resources Board, Concord, New Hampshire) 1927, photographer unknown 2 3/8 X 4 inch negative GENERAL VIEW OF THE POND OF DAM No.4. THE OLD TIMBER CRIB DAM No. 3 IS VISIBLE IN THE BACKGROUND - Claremont Village Industrial District, Between B, Claremont, Sullivan County, NH

  16. 22. Photocopy of a photograph (original print in the collection ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    22. Photocopy of a photograph (original print in the collection of the New Hampshire Water Resources Board, Concord, New Hampshire) 1927, photographer unknown 2 3/8 X 4 inch negative BUILDING OF DAM NO. 3, LOOKING SOUTH - Claremont Village Industrial District, Between B, Claremont, Sullivan County, NH

  17. 20. Photocopy of a photograph (original print in the collection ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    20. Photocopy of a photograph (original print in the collection of the New Hampshire Water Resources Board, Concord, New Hampshire) 1927, photographer unknown 2 3/8 X 4 inch negative BUILDING OF DAM No. 3, LOOKING SOUTH - Claremont Village Industrial District, Between B, Claremont, Sullivan County, NH

  18. 19. Photocopy of a photograph (original print in the collection ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    19. Photocopy of a photograph (original print in the collection of the New Hampshire Water Resources Board, Concord, New Hampshire) 1927, photographer unknown 2 3/8 X 4 inch negative BUILDING OF DAM No. 3, FROM THE NORTH - Claremont Village Industrial District, Between B, Claremont, Sullivan County, NH

  19. 25. Photocopy of a photograph (original print in the collection ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    25. Photocopy of a photograph (original print in the collection of the New Hampshire Water Resources Board, Concord, New Hampshire) 1927, photographer unknown 2 3/8 X 4 inch negative VIEW OF THE NORTH END OF THE OLD TIMBER DAM AT DAM SITE No. 3 - Claremont Village Industrial District, Between B, Claremont, Sullivan County, NH

  20. 21. Photocopy of a photograph (original print in the collection ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    21. Photocopy of a photograph (original print in the collection of the New Hampshire Water Resources Board, Concord, New Hampshire) 1927, photographer unknown 2 3/8 X 4 inch negative BUILDING OF DAM No. 3, LOOKING EAST FROM THE NORTH BANK, SHOWING THE WOODEN FORMWORK FOR THE CONCRETE DAM - Claremont Village Industrial District, Between B, Claremont, Sullivan County, NH