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Sample records for 91-71 intergovernmental contract

  1. Economic, Social and Political Issues of Intergovernmental Contracting. Agricultural Economics Staff Paper 89-37.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harvey, Lynn R.

    This paper focuses on the economic, social, and political considerations of contracting. The increasing tendency of government to contract services is attributed to higher financial stress facing local governments, a growing political belief that the extent of government should be reduced, and the perception that the private sector is a more…

  2. 76 FR 80729 - Intergovernmental Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-27

    ... Intergovernmental Review AGENCIES: Rural Housing Service, Rural Business-Cooperative Service, Rural Utilities..., Intergovernmental Review.'' This action is necessary since the affected regulations refer to RD Instruction 1940-J... intergovernmental review of proposed projects being reviewed pursuant to the National Environmental Policy...

  3. Dams and Intergovernmental Transfers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bao, X.

    2012-12-01

    Gainers and Losers are always associated with large scale hydrological infrastructure construction, such as dams, canals and water treatment facilities. Since most of these projects are public services and public goods, Some of these uneven impacts cannot fully be solved by markets. This paper tried to explore whether the governments are paying any effort to balance the uneven distributional impacts caused by dam construction or not. It showed that dam construction brought an average 2% decrease in per capita tax revenue in the upstream counties, a 30% increase in the dam-location counties and an insignificant increase in downstream counties. Similar distributional impacts were observed for other outcome variables. like rural income and agricultural crop yields, though the impacts differ across different crops. The paper also found some balancing efforts from inter-governmental transfers to reduce the unevenly distributed impacts caused by dam construction. However, overall the inter-governmental fiscal transfer efforts were not large enough to fully correct those uneven distributions, reflected from a 2% decrease of per capita GDP in upstream counties and increase of per capita GDP in local and downstream counties. This paper may shed some lights on the governmental considerations in the decision making process for large hydrological infrastructures.

  4. 7 CFR 1942.106 - Intergovernmental review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... § 1942.106 Intergovernmental review. (a) Loans under this subpart are subject to intergovernmental review requirements set forth in U. S. Department of Agriculture regulations 7 CFR 3015, subpart V and RD Instruction... 7 Agriculture 13 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Intergovernmental review. 1942.106 Section...

  5. Contractions

    MedlinePlus

    ... feel tightening of your uterus muscles at irregular intervals or a squeezing sensation in your lower abdomen ... beginning of childbirth. These contractions come at regular intervals, usually move from the back to the lower ...

  6. 7 CFR 1942.106 - Intergovernmental review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... in accordance with subpart J of part 1940 of this chapter. (b) State intergovernmental review... eligible Indian tribes within the State, regardless of whether State development strategies include...

  7. 40 CFR 52.1579 - Intergovernmental cooperation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Intergovernmental cooperation. 52.1579 Section 52.1579 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS... Intergovernmental cooperation. (a) The requirements of subpart M of this chapter are not met since the plan does...

  8. 40 CFR 52.2433 - Intergovernmental cooperation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Intergovernmental cooperation. 52.2433 Section 52.2433 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS... Intergovernmental cooperation. (a) The requirements of Subpart M of this chapter are not met because the plan...

  9. 40 CFR 52.2032 - Intergovernmental cooperation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Intergovernmental cooperation. 52.2032 Section 52.2032 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS... Intergovernmental cooperation. (a) The requirements of subpart M of this chapter are not met because the plan...

  10. 41 CFR 101-6.2110 - How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Administration Programs and Activities § 101-6.2110 How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 101-6.2110 Section 101-6.2110...

  11. 41 CFR 101-6.2110 - How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Administration Programs and Activities § 101-6.2110 How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2011-07-01 2007-07-01 true How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 101-6.2110 Section 101-6.2110...

  12. 41 CFR 101-6.2110 - How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Administration Programs and Activities § 101-6.2110 How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2014-07-01 2012-07-01 true How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 101-6.2110 Section 101-6.2110...

  13. 41 CFR 101-6.2110 - How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Administration Programs and Activities § 101-6.2110 How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 101-6.2110 Section 101-6.2110...

  14. 41 CFR 101-6.2110 - How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Administration Programs and Activities § 101-6.2110 How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 101-6.2110 Section 101-6.2110...

  15. 47 CFR 0.701 - Intergovernmental Advisory Committee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Intergovernmental Advisory Committee. 0.701 Section 0.701 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL COMMISSION ORGANIZATION Intergovernmental Communication § 0.701 Intergovernmental Advisory Committee. (a) Purpose and term of operations. The Intergovernmental Advisory...

  16. 40 CFR 52.2433 - Intergovernmental cooperation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 5 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Intergovernmental cooperation. 52.2433 Section 52.2433 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Virginia §...

  17. 40 CFR 52.2433 - Intergovernmental cooperation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 5 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Intergovernmental cooperation. 52.2433 Section 52.2433 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Virginia §...

  18. 7 CFR 1942.106 - Intergovernmental review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Intergovernmental review. 1942.106 Section 1942.106 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) PROGRAM REGULATIONS...

  19. 7 CFR 1942.106 - Intergovernmental review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... requirements set forth in U. S. Department of Agriculture regulations 7 CFR 3015, subpart V and RD Instruction 1970-I, `Intergovernmental Review,' available in any Agency office or on the Agency's Web site. (b... whether State development strategies include Indian reservations. Eligible Indian tribes must have...

  20. 29 CFR 1902.5 - Intergovernmental Cooperation Act of 1968.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Intergovernmental Cooperation Act of 1968. 1902.5 Section... Plans § 1902.5 Intergovernmental Cooperation Act of 1968. This part shall be construed in a manner consistent with the Intergovernmental Cooperation Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 4201-4233), and any...

  1. 47 CFR 0.701 - Intergovernmental Advisory Committee.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Intergovernmental Advisory Committee. 0.701 Section 0.701 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL COMMISSION ORGANIZATION Intergovernmental Communication § 0.701 Intergovernmental Advisory Committee. (a) Purpose and term of...

  2. 18 CFR 801.2 - Coordination, cooperation, and intergovernmental relations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., cooperation, and intergovernmental relations. 801.2 Section 801.2 Conservation of Power and Water Resources SUSQUEHANNA RIVER BASIN COMMISSION GENERAL POLICIES § 801.2 Coordination, cooperation, and intergovernmental... Commission shall exercise its regional jurisdiction in an effort to avoid and minimize conflicts...

  3. 40 CFR 35.1620-6 - Intergovernmental review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 CFR part 29 of this chapter. ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Intergovernmental review. 35.1620-6... Freshwater Lakes § 35.1620-6 Intergovernmental review. EPA will not award funds under this subpart...

  4. 77 FR 58147 - Action Subject to Intergovernmental Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-19

    ... Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement Action Subject to Intergovernmental Review AGENCY: Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: We, the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, are notifying the public that we intend to grant...

  5. 18 CFR 801.2 - Coordination, cooperation, and intergovernmental relations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... SUSQUEHANNA RIVER BASIN COMMISSION GENERAL POLICIES § 801.2 Coordination, cooperation, and intergovernmental relations. (a) The interstate nature of the Susquehanna River Basin and the broad regional authority of the... investigations, studies, tests, and research undertaken by the Commission in an appropriate manner and form....

  6. 18 CFR 801.2 - Coordination, cooperation, and intergovernmental relations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... SUSQUEHANNA RIVER BASIN COMMISSION GENERAL POLICIES § 801.2 Coordination, cooperation, and intergovernmental relations. (a) The interstate nature of the Susquehanna River Basin and the broad regional authority of the... investigations, studies, tests, and research undertaken by the Commission in an appropriate manner and form....

  7. A Study of Intergovernmental Relations in Compensatory Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keesling, J. Ward, Ed.

    This study's major purpose was to examine intergovernmental relations in the context of compensatory education through an investigation of how far selected Title I operative goals were institutionalized, and the implications of such institutionalization (or lack of it) for stability or change of practices under Chapter 1. Three categories of goals…

  8. 18 CFR 801.2 - Coordination, cooperation, and intergovernmental relations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Coordination, cooperation, and intergovernmental relations. 801.2 Section 801.2 Conservation of Power and Water Resources SUSQUEHANNA RIVER BASIN COMMISSION GENERAL POLICIES § 801.2 Coordination, cooperation, and...

  9. 18 CFR 801.2 - Coordination, cooperation, and intergovernmental relations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Coordination, cooperation, and intergovernmental relations. 801.2 Section 801.2 Conservation of Power and Water Resources SUSQUEHANNA RIVER BASIN COMMISSION GENERAL POLICIES § 801.2 Coordination, cooperation, and...

  10. Intergovernmental Approaches for Strengthening K-12 Accountability Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armour-Garb, Allison, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    This volume contains an edited transcript of the Rockefeller Institute's October 29, 2007 symposium (Chicago, IL) entitled "Intergovernmental Approaches to Strengthen K-12 Accountability Systems" as well as a framework paper circulated in preparation for the symposium. The transcript begins with a list of the forty state and federal education…

  11. 76 FR 78312 - Action Subject to Intergovernmental Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-16

    ... Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement Action Subject to Intergovernmental Review AGENCY... of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, are notifying the public that we intend to grant funds to eligible applicants for purposes authorized under the Abandoned Mine Land (AML)...

  12. Converging Us Softly: How Intergovernmental Organizations Promote Neoliberal Educational Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rutkowski, David J.

    2007-01-01

    In recent years, international organizations (IOs) and, more specifically, intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) have played an important role in educational policy-making at the national level. These organizations encourage world change and promote particular ideologies through a set of complex actions and policy recommendations that exploit…

  13. 15 CFR 13.10 - Accommodation of intergovernmental concerns.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... intergovernmental concerns. (a) If a state process provides a state process recommendation to the Department through... mutually agreeable solution with the state process; or (3) Provides the single point of contact with a written explanation of the decision in such form as the Secretary in his or her discretion...

  14. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. First Assessment Report Overview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Environmental Affairs, 1991

    1991-01-01

    Presented are policymakers' summaries of the three working groups of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)--science, impacts, and response strategies, the report of the IPCC Special Committee on the Participation of Developing Countries, and a discussion of international cooperation and future work. (CW)

  15. Grant Reports, Office of Intergovernmental Science Programs, National Science Foundation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Office of Intergovernmental Science Programs.

    A total of 85 intergovernmental science programs sponsored by the National Science Foundation between 1969 and 1972 is listed in this report issued in April, 1972. Included in the entries are the titles, grant numbers, National Technical Information Service (NTIS) accession numbers, and the names of states, principal investigators, and…

  16. 40 CFR 52.13 - Air quality surveillance; resources; intergovernmental cooperation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...; intergovernmental cooperation. 52.13 Section 52.13 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS General Provisions § 52.13 Air quality surveillance; resources; intergovernmental cooperation. Disapproved portions of...

  17. Federalism and health policy: the intergovernmental committees in Brazil

    PubMed Central

    Machado, Cristiani Vieira; de Lima, Luciana Dias; Viana, Ana Luiza d'Ávila; de Oliveira, Roberta Gondim; Iozzi, Fabíola Lana; de Albuquerque, Mariana Vercesi; Scatena, João Henrique Gurtler; Mello, Guilherme Arantes; Pereira, Adelyne Maria Mendes; Coelho, Ana Paula Santana

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To analyze the dynamics of operation of the Bipartite Committees in health care in the Brazilian states. METHODS The research included visits to 24 states, direct observation, document analysis, and performance of semi-structured interviews with state and local leaders. The characterization of each committee was performed between 2007 and 2010, and four dimensions were considered: (i) level of institutionality, classified as advanced, intermediate, or incipient; (ii) agenda of intergovernmental negotiations, classified as diversified/restricted, adapted/not adapted to the reality of each state, and shared/unshared between the state and municipalities; (iii) political processes, considering the character and scope of intergovernmental relations; and (iv) capacity of operation, assessed as high, moderate, or low. RESULTS Ten committees had advanced level of institutionality. The agenda of the negotiations was diversified in all states, and most of them were adapted to the state reality. However, one-third of the committees showed power inequalities between the government levels. Cooperative and interactive intergovernmental relations predominated in 54.0% of the states. The level of institutionality, scope of negotiations, and political processes influenced Bipartite Committees’ ability to formulate policies and coordinate health care at the federal level. Bipartite Committees with a high capacity of operation predominated in the South and Southeast regions, while those with a low capacity of operations predominated in the North and Northeast. CONCLUSIONS The regional differences in operation among Bipartite Interagency Committees suggest the influence of historical-structural variables (socioeconomic development, geographic barriers, characteristics of the health care system) in their capacity of intergovernmental health care management. However, structural problems can be overcome in some states through institutional and political changes. The creation

  18. 2008 Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program (WIP) Market Report

    SciTech Connect

    Doris, E.; Taylor, R.

    2009-07-01

    The Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program (WIP) integrates local needs and interests in order to promote markets for energy efficiency (EE) and renewable energy (RE). Its activities are integrative across disparate technologies and market boundaries. In order to analyze the historical performance and forward-looking potential of this broad program, this report assesses market developments and outlooks at the following aggregated levels: states, cities and communities, Indian tribes, and low-income residential efficiency. The analytical goals of the report are to: identify market drivers for EE and RE, paying attention to subsidies, taxes, targets and mandates, environmental policy, energy security, and economic development; assess efficacy of existing policies; discuss challenges and barriers; evaluate high-impact measures for overcoming challenges and barriers; and forecast future market trends.

  19. 40 CFR 52.13 - Air quality surveillance; resources; intergovernmental cooperation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Air quality surveillance; resources... § 52.13 Air quality surveillance; resources; intergovernmental cooperation. Disapproved portions of the plan related to the air quality surveillance system, resources, and intergovernmental cooperation...

  20. 40 CFR 52.13 - Air quality surveillance; resources; intergovernmental cooperation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Air quality surveillance; resources... § 52.13 Air quality surveillance; resources; intergovernmental cooperation. Disapproved portions of the plan related to the air quality surveillance system, resources, and intergovernmental cooperation...

  1. 40 CFR 52.13 - Air quality surveillance; resources; intergovernmental cooperation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Air quality surveillance; resources... § 52.13 Air quality surveillance; resources; intergovernmental cooperation. Disapproved portions of the plan related to the air quality surveillance system, resources, and intergovernmental cooperation...

  2. 45 CFR 660.10 - How does the Director make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false How does the Director make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 660.10 Section 660.10 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PROGRAMS...

  3. 45 CFR 660.10 - How does the Director make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false How does the Director make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 660.10 Section 660.10 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PROGRAMS...

  4. 75 FR 35121 - Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-21

    ... Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report Review ACTION: The United States Global Change Research and Climate Change Technology Programs request expert review of the Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation (SRREN) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)....

  5. 76 FR 6651 - Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-07

    ... Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report Review AGENCY: Department of State. ACTION: The United... Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters To Advance Climate Change Adaptation (SREX) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). SUMMARY: The IPCC was established as...

  6. 28 CFR 30.10 - How does the Attorney General make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false How does the Attorney General make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 30.10 Section 30.10 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT... the Attorney General make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state...

  7. 39 CFR 778.10 - How does the Postal Service make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false How does the Postal Service make efforts to... SPECIAL REGULATIONS INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF POSTAL SERVICE FACILITY ACTIONS § 778.10 How does the Postal Service make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides...

  8. 28 CFR 30.10 - How does the Attorney General make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How does the Attorney General make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 30.10 Section 30.10 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT... the Attorney General make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state...

  9. 43 CFR 9.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to... the Interior INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 9.10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state...

  10. 10 CFR 1005.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate...) INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 1005.10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state...

  11. 39 CFR 778.10 - How does the Postal Service make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false How does the Postal Service make efforts to... SPECIAL REGULATIONS INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF POSTAL SERVICE FACILITY ACTIONS § 778.10 How does the Postal Service make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides...

  12. 45 CFR 1233.10 - How does the Director make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false How does the Director make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 1233.10 Section 1233.10 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued... the Director make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides...

  13. 10 CFR 1005.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate...) INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 1005.10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state...

  14. 44 CFR 4.10 - How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 4.10 Section 4.10 Emergency Management and... Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a...

  15. 49 CFR 17.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate... INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 17.10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state...

  16. 44 CFR 4.10 - How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 4.10 Section 4.10 Emergency Management and... Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a...

  17. 45 CFR 1233.10 - How does the Director make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false How does the Director make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 1233.10 Section 1233.10 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued... the Director make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides...

  18. 39 CFR 778.10 - How does the Postal Service make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How does the Postal Service make efforts to... SPECIAL REGULATIONS INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF POSTAL SERVICE FACILITY ACTIONS § 778.10 How does the Postal Service make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides...

  19. 49 CFR 17.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate... INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 17.10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state...

  20. 10 CFR 1005.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate...) INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 1005.10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state...

  1. 10 CFR 1005.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate...) INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 1005.10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state...

  2. 43 CFR 9.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to... the Interior INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 9.10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state...

  3. 34 CFR 79.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate... INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 79.10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state...

  4. 44 CFR 4.10 - How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 4.10 Section 4.10 Emergency Management and... Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a...

  5. 49 CFR 17.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate... INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 17.10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state...

  6. 34 CFR 79.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate... INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 79.10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state...

  7. 43 CFR 9.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to... the Interior INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 9.10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state...

  8. 39 CFR 778.10 - How does the Postal Service make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How does the Postal Service make efforts to... SPECIAL REGULATIONS INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF POSTAL SERVICE FACILITY ACTIONS § 778.10 How does the Postal Service make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides...

  9. 44 CFR 4.10 - How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 4.10 Section 4.10 Emergency Management and... Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a...

  10. 28 CFR 30.10 - How does the Attorney General make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false How does the Attorney General make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 30.10 Section 30.10 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT... the Attorney General make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state...

  11. 28 CFR 30.10 - How does the Attorney General make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false How does the Attorney General make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 30.10 Section 30.10 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT... the Attorney General make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state...

  12. 49 CFR 17.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate... INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 17.10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state...

  13. 45 CFR 1233.10 - How does the Director make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false How does the Director make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 1233.10 Section 1233.10 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued... the Director make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides...

  14. 34 CFR 79.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate... INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 79.10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state...

  15. 39 CFR 778.10 - How does the Postal Service make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false How does the Postal Service make efforts to... SPECIAL REGULATIONS INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF POSTAL SERVICE FACILITY ACTIONS § 778.10 How does the Postal Service make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides...

  16. 49 CFR 17.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate... INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 17.10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state...

  17. 45 CFR 1233.10 - How does the Director make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false How does the Director make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 1233.10 Section 1233.10 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued... the Director make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides...

  18. 43 CFR 9.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to... the Interior INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 9.10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state...

  19. 10 CFR 1005.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate...) INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 1005.10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state...

  20. 34 CFR 79.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate... INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 79.10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state...

  1. 28 CFR 30.10 - How does the Attorney General make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How does the Attorney General make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 30.10 Section 30.10 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT... the Attorney General make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state...

  2. 45 CFR 660.10 - How does the Director make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false How does the Director make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 660.10 Section 660.10 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued... ACTIVITIES § 660.10 How does the Director make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If...

  3. 34 CFR 79.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate... INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 79.10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state...

  4. 45 CFR 1233.10 - How does the Director make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false How does the Director make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 1233.10 Section 1233.10 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued... the Director make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides...

  5. 43 CFR 9.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true How does the Secretary make efforts to... the Interior INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 9.10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state...

  6. Intergovernmental Immunities in Litigation, Taxation, and Regulation: Separation of Powers Issues in Controversies About Federalism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tribe, Laurence H.

    1976-01-01

    The author argues that attention to the question of who should decide an intergovernmental immunity issue--the states, the federal courts, the federal executive, or Congress--illuminates the law of eleventh amendment immunities and intergovernmental tax and regulatory immunities and supports all but a handful of the results courts have reached.…

  7. 38 CFR 40.10 - Making efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Making efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns. 40.10 Section 40.10 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT... AND ACTIVITIES § 40.10 Making efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns. (a) If a...

  8. 38 CFR 40.10 - Making efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Making efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns. 40.10 Section 40.10 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT... AND ACTIVITIES § 40.10 Making efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns. (a) If a...

  9. 38 CFR 40.10 - Making efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Making efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns. 40.10 Section 40.10 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT... AND ACTIVITIES § 40.10 Making efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns. (a) If a...

  10. 38 CFR 40.10 - Making efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Making efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns. 40.10 Section 40.10 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT... AND ACTIVITIES § 40.10 Making efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns. (a) If a...

  11. 40 CFR 29.10 - How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 29.10 Section 29.10 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY PROGRAMS...

  12. 40 CFR 29.10 - How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 29.10 Section 29.10 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY PROGRAMS...

  13. 40 CFR 29.10 - How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 29.10 Section 29.10 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY PROGRAMS...

  14. 40 CFR 29.10 - How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 29.10 Section 29.10 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY PROGRAMS...

  15. 40 CFR 29.10 - How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 29.10 Section 29.10 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY PROGRAMS...

  16. 16 CFR 1000.24 - Office of International Programs and Intergovernmental Affairs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Office of International Programs and... COMMISSION ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS § 1000.24 Office of International Programs and Intergovernmental Affairs. The Office of International Programs and Intergovernmental Affairs provides a comprehensive...

  17. Pinelands national reserve: An intergovernmental approach to nature preservation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lilieholm, Robert J.; Romm, Jeff

    1992-05-01

    The Pinelands National Reserve was created in 1978 when private interests and federal, state, and local governments allied to protect 378,000 ha (935,000 acres) of New Jersey's Pine Barrens from encroaching development. An intergovernmental authority, the Pinelands Commission, manages the reserve by implementing a regional plan to guide development away from environmentally sensitive areas and into designated growth centers. Through transferable development rights, financial gains from development in growth centers are used to compensate owners and localities in the reserve who might otherwise have developed their lands. The national reserve strategy contrasts with other federal strategies for preserving unique environments in which the federal government exercises exclusive control (e.g., national parks, monuments, and recreation areas). This article describes the strategy applied in the Pinelands and discusses the conditions in which it may be more or less effective than other strategies used to protect unique or valued landscapes. It then compares the Pinelands model with the strategies and conditions of california's Redwood National Park and Point Reyes National Seashore to develop propositions about the circumstances in which one or another strategy is more likely to be viable. Finally, it applies these propositions to the possibilities for future forest preservation in New England.

  18. Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program - Accelerating Adoption of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

    SciTech Connect

    2010-06-01

    The DOE/EERE Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program (WIP) increases awareness and accelerates adoption of practices and technologies that cost-effectively increase energy efficiency, the use of renewable energy, and oil displacement.

  19. 45 CFR 1152.10 - How does the Chairman make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...) NATIONAL FOUNDATION ON THE ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 1152.10 How does the Chairman...

  20. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: A Science Communication Challenge

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Somerville, R. C.

    2007-12-01

    The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), established in 1988, issued its Fourth Assessment Report in 2007. The IPCC has been influential in the debate over anthropogenic climate change. It has become the de facto voice of the mainstream scientific community, as the world seeks to understand the findings of climate science and their relevance to public policy. The primary purpose of the IPCC is to provide an authoritative assessment of results from climate science as an input to policymakers. Its mandate is to assess research, not to do research. Its reports are policy-relevant but not policy-prescriptive. The IPCC assessment reports are rightly regarded as the gold standard in climate science. They are well-suited for use as references for experts and textbooks for graduate students. However, as a source of information for the public, students and educators, the IPCC reports are far from optimal. They are written almost entirely by scientists. They tend to be long, detailed, technical, and full of jargon. In addition, the reports appear at intervals of about 5 years. Thus, the IPCC is not nimble and cannot respond quickly to new scientific developments. The IPCC is also not especially adept at communication, so its reports can be difficult to read and mysterious to non-specialists. As a result, the IPCC reports often need translation into plain language and interpretation for a wide variety of potential users. This presentation, by an IPCC Coordinating Lead Author, surveys a variety of recent and planned efforts to mine the IPCC reports as a rich source of scientific knowledge that should be made more accessible to the wider world.

  1. Leading European Intergovernmental Research Organisations at FP6 Launch Conference

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2002-11-01

    EIROforum at "European Research 2002" (Brussels, November 11-13, 2002) Go to the EIROforum website Last year, seven of Europe's leading intergovernmental research organisations set up a high-level co-ordination and collaboration group, known as EIROforum , cf. ESO PR 12/01. They include CERN (particle physics), EMBL (molecular biology), ESA (space activities), ESO (astronomy and astrophysics), ESRF (synchrotron radiation), ILL (neutron source) and EFDA (fusion). All of them have powerful research infrastructures and laboratories which are used by an extensive network of scientists. Together, they represent European spearheads in some of the most crucial basic and applied research fields. The EIROforum organisations will be highly visible at the upcoming EU-conference on "European Research 2002 - The European Research Area and the Framework Programme" , to be held on November 11-13, 2002, at the "Palais du Heysel" in Brussels (Belgium). This meeting will be attended by more than 8000 scientists and decision-makers from all over Europe and serves to launch the 6th EC Framework Programme (2002 - 2006), which will have an important impact on Europe's R&D landscape during the coming years. A joint 400 sq.m. exhibition , featuring the individual EIROforum organisations, their current programmes and many front-line achievements in their respective areas of activity, will be set up at Stand L in Hall 11 . It includes a central area, with a small cinema, displaying information about their current interactions via EIROforum. The stands will be manned throughout the conference by high-level representatives from the seven organisations. On Tuesday, November 12, 2002, 14:00 hrs, a Press Conference will take place at this exhibition stand, in the presence of the European Commissioner for Research, M. Phillippe Busquin, and most of the Directors General (or equivalent) of the EIROforum organisations. The main themes will be the increasingly intense interaction and co

  2. Bonneville Purchasing Instructions. Appendix 14A, Contracting Officer`s Technical Representatives` Guide for Services Contracts.

    SciTech Connect

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1993-07-01

    This guide outlines the duties of BPA personnel designated as Contracting Officers Technical Representatives (COTRs). The BPA Administrator gives contracting officers (COs) in BPA responsibility and authority for awarding and administering contracts. COs are authorized to designate other BPA employees to act as their representatives for purposes of contract administration, from the time of contract award until final receipt and acceptance of the contracted services. COTRs are the individuals primarily relied upon to perform technical contract administration functions. Similar functions for supply and construction contracts are performed by engineering representatives, construction inspectors, and inspectors. Although this Guide is written primarily with the COTR in mind, the concept and operation of teamwork is essential throughout the entire process of contract administration. The CO administers the contract during performance, but rarely has expertise in all of the relevant technical areas. Therefore, CO decisions rely on input from a team. The COTR is an indispensable member of that team. The instructions in this Guide are designed to facilitate this essential CO-COTR cooperation. COTR duties are usually additional to those required of the COTR in his or her assigned line organization. The COTR is still accountable to the line supervisor for performance of regularly-assigned duties. These duties are to be reflected appropriately in performance appraisals and job descriptions. For contract administration duties, however, the COTR reports directly to, and is accountable only to, the CO. The COTR`s supervisor must allow sufficient time to ensure that the COTR can adequately monitor the contract for technical compliance. This Guide is designed for COTRs who are performing service contract (including intergovernmental contract) administration functions as an adjunct to their normal technical duties.

  3. Architect's Contract.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Board of Education, Columbus.

    An actual contract form used for architectural services is presented. Fees, duties, and services are included. Services are listed in the following phases--(1) schematic design, (2) design development, (3) contract document, and (4) construction. Extra services are listed, and owner's responsibility with regard to cost estimates is given.…

  4. Performance Contracting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Tom

    The management team at Minooka (Illinois) School District 201 is actively pursuing school improvement measures by establishing Performance Contracts to increase productivity. The format of the Performance Contract highlights yearly short-term and long-term goals, which are presented in the form of Job Improvement Targets stating the goal itself, a…

  5. Student Contracts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aldridge, Hal

    1971-01-01

    Discussion of the nature of student-teacher contracts pertaining to academic work to be performed by the student and evaluated by the teacher covers a wide range of related issues in this article. The nature of contracts, evaluation procedures, instructional materials, community attitudes, and the individualization of instruction are commented on…

  6. 33 CFR 384.10 - How does the Corps of Engineers make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false How does the Corps of Engineers make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 384.10 Section 384.10 Navigation and Navigable... make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state...

  7. 33 CFR 384.10 - How does the Corps of Engineers make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false How does the Corps of Engineers make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 384.10 Section 384.10 Navigation and Navigable... make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state...

  8. 33 CFR 384.10 - How does the Corps of Engineers make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false How does the Corps of Engineers make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 384.10 Section 384.10 Navigation and Navigable... make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state...

  9. 33 CFR 384.10 - How does the Corps of Engineers make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How does the Corps of Engineers make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 384.10 Section 384.10 Navigation and Navigable... make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state...

  10. 33 CFR 384.10 - How does the Corps of Engineers make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How does the Corps of Engineers make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 384.10 Section 384.10 Navigation and Navigable... make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state...

  11. An X-Ray of Inter-Governmental Relation Conflicts and Resource Control in the Fourth Republic in Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ojo, John Sunday

    2014-01-01

    Intergovernmental relation is a necessary political tool for mutual intertwines among the levels of government for the realization and facilitation of government goals and objectives. Intergovernmental wrangling has been a morphological characteristic of Nigerian federalism. The 1999 Nigerian constitution stipulates unequivocal and unambiguous…

  12. Intergovernmental (Dis)incentives, Free-Riding, Teacher Salaries and Teacher Pensions. Upjohn Institute Working Paper No. 15-220

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fitzpatrick, Maria D.

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, I document evidence that intergovernmental incentives inherent in public sector defined benefit pension systems distort the amount and timing of income for public school teachers. This intergovernmental incentive stems from the fact that, in many states, local school districts are responsible for setting the compensation that…

  13. Recent Developments in the Information Sciences and Their Implications for Intergovernmental Cooperation in Communications and Exchange of Information.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parsons, William W.

    1968-01-01

    This paper includes (1) a review of the history and current activities in the area of intergovernmental cooperation in the exchange of information and (2) a summary of the current state of the art in the information sciences. Relevant federal legislation, dating back to the 1930's, is discussed; the April 1968 report by the Intergovernmental Task…

  14. 77 FR 51097 - Notice of Action Subject to Intergovernmental Review Under Executive Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Notice of Action Subject to Intergovernmental Review Under Executive Order AGENCY: U.S. Small... 12372. SUMMARY: The Small Business Administration (SBA) is notifying the public that it intends to...

  15. 45 CFR 1152.10 - How does the Chairman make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false How does the Chairman make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 1152.10 Section 1152.10 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued... OF NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 1152.10 How does the Chairman...

  16. 29 CFR 17.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate... DEPARTMENT OF LABOR PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 17.10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state process recommendation to the Department...

  17. 24 CFR 52.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 52.10 Section 52.10 Housing and Urban Development Office... OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 52.10 How does the Secretary make...

  18. 24 CFR 52.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 52.10 Section 52.10 Housing and Urban Development Office... OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 52.10 How does the Secretary make...

  19. 45 CFR 100.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate....10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state process recommendation to the Department through its single point of contact,...

  20. 24 CFR 52.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 52.10 Section 52.10 Housing and Urban Development Office... OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 52.10 How does the Secretary make...

  1. 29 CFR 17.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate... DEPARTMENT OF LABOR PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 17.10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state process recommendation to the Department...

  2. 45 CFR 1152.10 - How does the Chairman make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false How does the Chairman make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 1152.10 Section 1152.10 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued... OF NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 1152.10 How does the Chairman...

  3. 45 CFR 1152.10 - How does the Chairman make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false How does the Chairman make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 1152.10 Section 1152.10 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued... OF NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 1152.10 How does the Chairman...

  4. 29 CFR 17.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate... DEPARTMENT OF LABOR PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 17.10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state process recommendation to the Department...

  5. 29 CFR 17.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate... DEPARTMENT OF LABOR PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 17.10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state process recommendation to the Department...

  6. 24 CFR 52.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 52.10 Section 52.10 Housing and Urban Development Office... OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 52.10 How does the Secretary make...

  7. 45 CFR 100.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate....10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state process recommendation to the Department through its single point of contact,...

  8. 24 CFR 52.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 52.10 Section 52.10 Housing and Urban Development Office... OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 52.10 How does the Secretary make...

  9. 29 CFR 17.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate... DEPARTMENT OF LABOR PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 17.10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state process recommendation to the Department...

  10. 45 CFR 1152.10 - How does the Chairman make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false How does the Chairman make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? 1152.10 Section 1152.10 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued... OF NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES § 1152.10 How does the Chairman...

  11. 45 CFR 100.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate....10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state process recommendation to the Department through its single point of contact,...

  12. 45 CFR 100.10 - How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate....10 How does the Secretary make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state process recommendation to the Department through its single point of contact,...

  13. 13 CFR 302.9 - Inter-governmental review of projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Project under EDA's Public Works and Economic Development program or a proposed construction Project or... required by 15 CFR part 13 and Executive Order 12372, “Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs,” as... planning organizations in metropolitan areas, as provided for in 15 CFR part 13....

  14. Global Warning: Project-Based Science Inspired by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colaianne, Blake

    2015-01-01

    Misconceptions about climate change are common, which suggests a need to effectively address the subject in the classroom. This article describes a project-based science activity in which students report on the physical basis, adaptations, and mitigation of this global problem, adapting the framework of the United Nations' Intergovernmental Panel…

  15. 45 CFR 660.10 - How does the Director make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PROGRAMS AND... with the state process; or (3) Provides the single point of contact with a written explanation of the... supplement the written explanation by providing the explanation to the single point of contact by...

  16. 45 CFR 660.10 - How does the Director make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PROGRAMS AND... with the state process; or (3) Provides the single point of contact with a written explanation of the... supplement the written explanation by providing the explanation to the single point of contact by...

  17. Overview Paper on Recent Research on Intergovernmental Relations in Education Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirst, Michael W.

    The history of intergovernmental relations in educational policy has been dominated by regulations, categorical programs, and technical assistance by higher levels of government to stimulate or require lower levels to make changes in policy and practice. This paper summarizes recent research collected by the Consortium of Policy Research in…

  18. 18 CFR 1311.10 - How does TVA make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental viewpoints?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false How does TVA make... Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY... contact (including any regional or local office delegated a review and comment role by the state...

  19. 18 CFR 1311.10 - How does TVA make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental viewpoints?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false How does TVA make... Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY... contact (including any regional or local office delegated a review and comment role by the state...

  20. 18 CFR 1311.10 - How does TVA make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental viewpoints?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false How does TVA make... Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY... contact (including any regional or local office delegated a review and comment role by the state...

  1. 18 CFR 1311.10 - How does TVA make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental viewpoints?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How does TVA make... Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY... contact (including any regional or local office delegated a review and comment role by the state...

  2. 18 CFR 1311.10 - How does TVA make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental viewpoints?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true How does TVA make... Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVIEW OF TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY... contact (including any regional or local office delegated a review and comment role by the state...

  3. Recent Trends in Intergovernmental Relations: The Resurgence of Local Actors in Education Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsh, Julie A.; Wohlstetter, Priscilla

    2013-01-01

    In this essay, the authors explore trends in intergovernmental relations (IGR) by analyzing recent education policies--No Child Left Behind Act, Common Core State Standards, and local empowerment policies. Identifying a resurgent role for local actors in education policy, the authors argue that recent federal efforts to exert more control have in…

  4. Intergovernmental Conference on Education and the Economy in a Changing Society: Conclusions of the Chairman.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dawkins, John

    This document summarizes the findings reported at the Intergovernmental Conference on Education and the Economy in a Changing Society, which was held in Paris, France in March, 1988. Provided is the text of the concluding remarks of John Dawkins, the Australian Minister for Employment, Education, and Training, who is also the Chairman of the…

  5. Spanning the Globe: Inter-Governmental Organization (IGO) Information on the Internet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harley, Bruce

    1995-01-01

    Describes gateway systems that can be used to access intergovernmental organization (IGO) information via the Internet, especially IGOs belonging to or affiliated with the United Nations. Highlights include United Nations World Wide Web Site, United Nations Gopher, the World Wide Web Virtual Library, and the Library of Congress's MARVEL Gopher.…

  6. 44 CFR 4.10 - How does the Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Administrator make efforts to accommodate intergovernmental concerns? (a) If a state process provides a state process recommendation to FEMA through its single point of contact, the Administrator either: (1) Accepts the recommendation; (2) Reaches a mutually agreeable solution with the state process; or (3)...

  7. The IPA--An Opportunity for Intergovernmental Understanding. Resource Paper No. 13.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Christine E.

    The Intergovernmental Personnel Act Program (IPA), begun in 1971, provides for the temporary exchange of personnel between federal executive agencies and states, local governments, institutions of higher education, and Indian tribal governments to do work of mutual benefit and concern. In the five years following the program's inception, more than…

  8. Medicaid Long-Term Care: State Variation and the Intergovernmental Lobby.

    PubMed

    Thompson, Frank J; Cantor, Joel C; Farnham, Jennifer

    2016-08-01

    Medicaid is vastly more important than Medicare or private insurance in funding long-term care (LTC). However, states vary tremendously in their commitment to Medicaid LTC. This article advances knowledge of the origins, nature, and implications of this variation. After examining the degree of variation in state spending on Medicaid LTC, we show how federal policy has over the past fifty years steadily increased state discretion to shape these services. This decentralization largely reflects the potency of the intergovernmental lobby-governors and other state officials-in influencing federal policy. While fueling state variation, the intergovernmental lobby has also provided valuable political support that has helped Medicaid grow and resist retrenchment. After considering policy options that could mitigate Medicaid LTC inequities rooted in state differences, we assess how the catalytic forces that have fueled growth in Medicaid LTC may be insufficient to protect the program from future erosion.

  9. The perceived impacts of monitoring activities on intergovernmental relationships: some lessons from the Ecological Monitoring Network and Water in Focus.

    PubMed

    de Kool, Dennis

    2015-11-01

    An increasing stream of monitoring activities is entering the public sector. This article analyzes the perceived impacts of monitoring activities on intergovernmental relationships. Our theoretical framework is based on three approaches to monitoring and intergovernmental relationships, namely, a rational, a political, and a cultural perspective. Our empirical insights are based on two Dutch case studies, namely, the Ecological Monitoring Network and the Water in Focus reports. The conclusion is that monitoring activities have an impact on intergovernmental relationships in terms of standardizing working processes and methods, formalizing information relationships, ritualizing activities, and developing shared concepts ("common grammar"). An important challenge is to deal with the politicization of intergovernmental relationships, because monitoring reports can also stimulate political discussions about funding, the design of the instrument, administrative burdens, and supervisory relationships.

  10. Contract sanctity

    SciTech Connect

    Seeley, R.S.

    1995-10-01

    Increased competition and the pressure to keep rates low is driving utilities and independent power producers alike to consider more options to keep costs down. While an important strategy for them, the results are creating some conflicts. The April 12, 1995 Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) decision against New York State Electric & Gas (NYSEG) attempt to breach contracts with two independent power producers, observers say, is one of the most important decisions on contract disputes between independents and utilities. It reveals the complex issues and compelling arguments on both sides. It opens the question of utilities` ability to pay, and the future direction of independent power. The conflicts create a problem for utilities and independents alike.

  11. Summary for Policy Makers: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report Renewable Energy Sources (SRREN)

    SciTech Connect

    Arvizu, Dan; Bruckner, Thomas; Christensen, John; Devernay, Jean-Michel; Faaij , Andre; Fischedick, Manfred; Goldstein, Barry; Hansen, Gerrit; Huckerby , John; Jager-Waldau, Arnulf; Kadner, Susanne; Kammen, Daniel; Krey, Volker; Kumar, Arun; Lewis , Anthony; Lucon, Oswaldo; Matschoss, Patrick; Maurice, Lourdes; Mitchell , Catherine; Moomaw, William; Moreira, Jose; Nadai, Alain; Nilsson, Lars J.; Nyboer, John; Rahman, Atiq; Sathaye, Jayant; Sawin, Janet; Schaeffer, Roberto; Schei, Tormod; Schlomer, Steffen; Sims, Ralph; von Stechow, Christoph; Verbruggen, Aviel; Urama, Kevin; Wiser, Ryan; Yamba, Francis; Zwickel, Timm

    2011-05-08

    The Working Group III Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation (SRREN) presents an assessment of the literature on the scientific, technological, environmental, economic and social aspects of the contribution of six renewable energy (RE) sources to the mitigation of climate change. It is intended to provide policy relevant information to governments, intergovernmental processes and other interested parties. This Summary for Policymakers provides an overview of the SRREN, summarizing the essential findings. The SRREN consists of 11 chapters. Chapter 1 sets the context for RE and climate change; Chapters 2 through 7 provide information on six RE technologies, and Chapters 8 through 11 address integrative issues.

  12. Contracting and Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferris, James M.

    1991-01-01

    The potential gains in efficiency of three types of contracts in college administration are contrasted. Contract types include explicit contracts in the budgeting process between the state and higher education institutions; institutional contracting for inputs; and interinstitutional contracting. The tradeoff between production cost savings and…

  13. Implementing health care reform in the United States: intergovernmental politics and the dilemmas of institutional design.

    PubMed

    Béland, Daniel; Rocco, Philip; Waddan, Alex

    2014-05-01

    The Affordable Care Act (ACA) was enacted, and continues to operate, under conditions of political polarization. In this article, we argue that the law's intergovernmental structure has amplified political conflict over its implementation by distributing governing authority to political actors at both levels of the American federal system. We review the ways in which the law's demands for institutional coordination between federal and state governments (and especially the role it preserves for governors and state legislatures) have created difficulties for rolling out health-insurance exchanges and expanding the Medicaid program. By way of contrast, we show how the institutional design of the ACA's regulatory reforms of the insurance market, which diminish the reform's political salience, has allowed for considerably less friction during the implementation process. This article thus highlights the implications of multi-level institutional designs for the post-enactment politics of major reforms. PMID:24508181

  14. Navigating the profits and pitfalls of governmental partnerships: the ICRC and intergovernmental relief, 1918-23.

    PubMed

    Lowe, Kimberly A

    2015-10-01

    The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is today a staunch proponent of the need for humanitarian organisations to remain independent of state interests, yet it deliberately solicited intergovernmental intervention in international relief after the First World War of 1914-18. This paper examines why an organisation committed to upholding the independence and impartiality of humanitarian action might still choose to partner with governmental bodies. It also highlights the historical beginnings of a linkage between international aid and geopolitics. To secure governmental funding for refugee relief during the 1920s, the ICRC argued that the humanitarian crises of the post-war years were a threat to the political and social stability of Europe. While this has become axiomatic, the interwar history of the ICRC demonstrates that the perceived connection between relief and geopolitical stability is historically constructed, and that it must continue to be asserted persuasively to be effective. PMID:26395109

  15. Navigating the profits and pitfalls of governmental partnerships: the ICRC and intergovernmental relief, 1918-23.

    PubMed

    Lowe, Kimberly A

    2015-10-01

    The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is today a staunch proponent of the need for humanitarian organisations to remain independent of state interests, yet it deliberately solicited intergovernmental intervention in international relief after the First World War of 1914-18. This paper examines why an organisation committed to upholding the independence and impartiality of humanitarian action might still choose to partner with governmental bodies. It also highlights the historical beginnings of a linkage between international aid and geopolitics. To secure governmental funding for refugee relief during the 1920s, the ICRC argued that the humanitarian crises of the post-war years were a threat to the political and social stability of Europe. While this has become axiomatic, the interwar history of the ICRC demonstrates that the perceived connection between relief and geopolitical stability is historically constructed, and that it must continue to be asserted persuasively to be effective.

  16. Impact of the FY 2005 Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program on United States Employment and Earned Income

    SciTech Connect

    Scott, Michael J.; Anderson, David M.; Belzer, David B.; Cort, Katherine A.; Dirks, James A.; Elliott, Douglas B.; Hostick, Donna J.

    2004-08-31

    The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is interested in assessing the potential economic impacts of its portfolio of subprograms on national employment and income. A special purpose version of the IMPLAN input-output model called ImBuild II is used in this study of 20 subprograms of the Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program contained in the EERE final FY 2005 budget request to the Office of Management and Budget on February 2, 2004. Energy savings, investments, and impacts on U.S. national employment and earned income are reported by subprogram for selected years to the year 2030. Energy savings and investments from these subprograms have the potential of creating a total of 228,000 jobs and about $3.1 billion in earned income (2003$) by the year 2030.

  17. Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Summary Report. Twelfth Session of the Assembly (Paris, France, November 3-19, 1982).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission.

    Summarized in this report are the discussions which took place during the twelfth session of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) Assembly. Summaries are provided in 15 sections: opening comments; administrative arrangements; adoption of triennial commission report; ocean sciences; ocean services; training, education, and mutual…

  18. 31 CFR 515.562 - Officials of the U.S. government, foreign governments, and certain intergovernmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Officials of the U.S. government, foreign governments, and certain intergovernmental organizations traveling to, from, and within Cuba on... Cuba on official business. The travel-related transactions set forth in § 515.560(c) and...

  19. 25 CFR 900.198 - Are Federal employees assigned to a self-determination contractor under the Intergovernmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... contractor under the Intergovernmental Personnel Act or detailed under section 214 of the Public Health... Personnel Act or detailed under section 214 of the Public Health Service Act covered to the same extent that....198 Section 900.198 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, AND INDIAN...

  20. 25 CFR 900.198 - Are Federal employees assigned to a self-determination contractor under the Intergovernmental...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... contractor under the Intergovernmental Personnel Act or detailed under section 214 of the Public Health... Personnel Act or detailed under section 214 of the Public Health Service Act covered to the same extent that....198 Section 900.198 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, AND INDIAN...

  1. Government Neutrality in Contracting Act

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Rep. Sullivan, John [R-OK-1

    2011-02-16

    02/18/2011 Referred to the Subcommittee on Technology, Information Policy, Intergovernmental Relations and Procurement Reform . (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  2. Catalogue of abrupt shifts in Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change climate models.

    PubMed

    Drijfhout, Sybren; Bathiany, Sebastian; Beaulieu, Claudie; Brovkin, Victor; Claussen, Martin; Huntingford, Chris; Scheffer, Marten; Sgubin, Giovanni; Swingedouw, Didier

    2015-10-27

    Abrupt transitions of regional climate in response to the gradual rise in atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations are notoriously difficult to foresee. However, such events could be particularly challenging in view of the capacity required for society and ecosystems to adapt to them. We present, to our knowledge, the first systematic screening of the massive climate model ensemble informing the recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report, and reveal evidence of 37 forced regional abrupt changes in the ocean, sea ice, snow cover, permafrost, and terrestrial biosphere that arise after a certain global temperature increase. Eighteen out of 37 events occur for global warming levels of less than 2°, a threshold sometimes presented as a safe limit. Although most models predict one or more such events, any specific occurrence typically appears in only a few models. We find no compelling evidence for a general relation between the overall number of abrupt shifts and the level of global warming. However, we do note that abrupt changes in ocean circulation occur more often for moderate warming (less than 2°), whereas over land they occur more often for warming larger than 2°. Using a basic proportion test, however, we find that the number of abrupt shifts identified in Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 8.5 scenarios is significantly larger than in other scenarios of lower radiative forcing. This suggests the potential for a gradual trend of destabilization of the climate with respect to such shifts, due to increasing global mean temperature change. PMID:26460042

  3. Catalogue of abrupt shifts in Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change climate models

    PubMed Central

    Drijfhout, Sybren; Bathiany, Sebastian; Beaulieu, Claudie; Brovkin, Victor; Claussen, Martin; Huntingford, Chris; Scheffer, Marten; Sgubin, Giovanni; Swingedouw, Didier

    2015-01-01

    Abrupt transitions of regional climate in response to the gradual rise in atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations are notoriously difficult to foresee. However, such events could be particularly challenging in view of the capacity required for society and ecosystems to adapt to them. We present, to our knowledge, the first systematic screening of the massive climate model ensemble informing the recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report, and reveal evidence of 37 forced regional abrupt changes in the ocean, sea ice, snow cover, permafrost, and terrestrial biosphere that arise after a certain global temperature increase. Eighteen out of 37 events occur for global warming levels of less than 2°, a threshold sometimes presented as a safe limit. Although most models predict one or more such events, any specific occurrence typically appears in only a few models. We find no compelling evidence for a general relation between the overall number of abrupt shifts and the level of global warming. However, we do note that abrupt changes in ocean circulation occur more often for moderate warming (less than 2°), whereas over land they occur more often for warming larger than 2°. Using a basic proportion test, however, we find that the number of abrupt shifts identified in Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 8.5 scenarios is significantly larger than in other scenarios of lower radiative forcing. This suggests the potential for a gradual trend of destabilization of the climate with respect to such shifts, due to increasing global mean temperature change. PMID:26460042

  4. [Health councils, intergovernmental commissions, and interest groups in the Unified Health System

    PubMed

    Ribeiro

    1997-01-01

    Health councils have developed in Brazil in keeping with arrangements under the 1988 Constitution, and the logic of their political consensus has expanded among interest groups relevant to public policy. Collegiate bodies, such as intergovernmental commissions, represent an extension of that logic to executive relationships and also express political intermediation by expertise, following the tradition of the European Welfare State. The state technical bureaucracy has thus developed a remarkable role in policy-making and in State-level modeling of interest groups. This article argues that such collegiate bodies should be analyzed through State action and defines two models for health councils. One, the vocal political model, is characterized by a prevalence of outspoken denunciation and an overload of demands on the political agenda. The other, the consensus model, expresses self-limitation amongst interest groups in drafting demands. These models are not hierarchically fixed and are usually linked to the political platforms of interest groups participating in the collegiate bodies. PMID:10886832

  5. Catalogue of abrupt shifts in Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change climate models.

    PubMed

    Drijfhout, Sybren; Bathiany, Sebastian; Beaulieu, Claudie; Brovkin, Victor; Claussen, Martin; Huntingford, Chris; Scheffer, Marten; Sgubin, Giovanni; Swingedouw, Didier

    2015-10-27

    Abrupt transitions of regional climate in response to the gradual rise in atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations are notoriously difficult to foresee. However, such events could be particularly challenging in view of the capacity required for society and ecosystems to adapt to them. We present, to our knowledge, the first systematic screening of the massive climate model ensemble informing the recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report, and reveal evidence of 37 forced regional abrupt changes in the ocean, sea ice, snow cover, permafrost, and terrestrial biosphere that arise after a certain global temperature increase. Eighteen out of 37 events occur for global warming levels of less than 2°, a threshold sometimes presented as a safe limit. Although most models predict one or more such events, any specific occurrence typically appears in only a few models. We find no compelling evidence for a general relation between the overall number of abrupt shifts and the level of global warming. However, we do note that abrupt changes in ocean circulation occur more often for moderate warming (less than 2°), whereas over land they occur more often for warming larger than 2°. Using a basic proportion test, however, we find that the number of abrupt shifts identified in Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 8.5 scenarios is significantly larger than in other scenarios of lower radiative forcing. This suggests the potential for a gradual trend of destabilization of the climate with respect to such shifts, due to increasing global mean temperature change.

  6. Intergovernmental consultation and coordination and emergency response: The relationship between ICCB (Intergovernmental Consultation and Coordination Board) and SARA (Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986) Title III in the US Army's Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program

    SciTech Connect

    Feldman, D.L.

    1989-02-01

    The relationship between Title III of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA) and the Intergovernmental Consultation and Coordination Board (ICCB) in the US Army's Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program (CSDP) is examined from four perspectives: (1) the current status and likely future direction of SARA implementation in the eight CSDP continental United States sites; (2) the applicability of SARA to the CSDP; (3) the effect of SARA information management upon the ICCB; and (4) challenges posed by SARA in the areas of public participation and intergovernmental relations which make the interface between emergency planning and intergovernmental relations in the CSDP more complex than originally envisioned in the program's Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement. The emergency planning structures developed by SARA have important parallels with the CSDP's ICCB. It is important to maintain a separation between these emergency planning structures and ICCBs, which will handle additional concerns other than emergency planning. While considerable variation exists in patterns of SARA Title III implementation in CSDP states, shared characteristics include: (1) Local Emergency Planning Committees (LEPCs) faced with problems of staffing, resources, and membership attrition; (2) unclear lines of planning authority in some LEPCs; and (3) the legitimization of unconventional participation in emergency planning. 34 refs., 1 tab.

  7. Reviving Ulysses contracts.

    PubMed

    Spellecy, Ryan

    2003-12-01

    Ulysses contracts have faced paternalism objections since they first were proposed. Since the contracts are designed to override a present request from a legally competent patient in favor of a past request made by that patient, enforcement of these contracts was argued to be unjustifiable strong paternalism. Recent legal developments and new theories of practical reasoning suggest that the discussion of Ulysses contracts should be revived. This paper argues that with a proper understanding of the future-directed planning embodied in Ulysses contracts, the charge of strong paternalism can be answered, and the enforcement of some Ulysses contracts may be justified under the rubric of weak paternalism.

  8. Uncertainty Guidance for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 5th Assessment Report

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ebi, K. L.; Mastrandrea, M.; Mach, K.; Field, C. B.

    2011-12-01

    Guidance was developed to assist Lead Authors of all three Working Groups of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) in the consistent treatment of uncertainties (Mastrandrea et al. 2010). The guidance defines a common approach and calibrated language that can be used broadly for developing expert judgments and for evaluating and communicating the degree of certainty in findings of the assessment process. The AR5 will rely on two metrics for communicating the degree of certainty in key findings: (1) confidence in the validity of a finding, based on the type, amount, quality, and consistency of evidence (e.g., mechanistic understanding, data, models, expert judgment) and the degree of agreement. Confidence is expressed qualitatively. (2) Quantified measures of uncertainty in a finding expressed probabilistically (based on statistical analysis of observations or model results, or expert judgment). In order to develop their key findings, author teams evaluate the associated evidence and agreement. Depending on the nature of the evidence evaluated, teams have the option to quantify the uncertainty in the finding probabilistically. In most cases, author teams will present either a quantified measure of uncertainty or an assigned level of confidence. It is important for author teams to develop findings that are general enough to reflect the underlying evidence but not so general that they lose substantive meaning. For findings (effects) that are conditional on other findings (causes), authors are advised to consider independently evaluating the degrees of certainty in both causes and effects, with the understanding that the degree of certainty in the causes may be low. Authors are reminded to be aware that findings can be constructed from the perspective of minimizing false positive (Type I) or false negative (Type II) errors, with resultant tradeoffs in the information emphasized.

  9. Teaching about Contracts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Froman, Michael; Kosnoff, Kathy

    1978-01-01

    Presents teaching strategies for introducing high school students to contract law. Offers as a case study a contract agreement between pro football players and team owners. Stresses basic elements of contracts (offer, acceptance, consideration, and understanding the bargaining process). Journal available from the American Bar Association, 1155…

  10. The Joy of Contracts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hegarty, Kevin

    This paper is a practical guide that explains and illustrates contracts between libraries and vendors for computerized circulation systems. It describes the elements of a typical contract to include the equipment and services that should be specified in the contract and establishes scheduling and acceptance testing needs. Included in a contract…

  11. Contracting for Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jenkins, Robin E.; Nord, Roy

    1982-01-01

    The major steps a college should undertake in contracting for services, including the initial determination as to whether or not contracting is the best way to provide a particular service, are described. Three general activities that apply to decisions about contracting in most circumstances are: investigating service characteristics; identifying…

  12. Russian Teaching Contracts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevens, Betsy

    2000-01-01

    Analyzes two Russian teaching contracts, rhetorically comparing purpose and audience, culture, gender, and the role of the individual versus the state. Uses anecdotal episodes as a framework for examining Russian culture and analyzing university teaching contracts, concluding that the contracts are not only brief and factual but also reflect a…

  13. Results from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climatic Change Photochemical Model Intercomparison (PhotoComp)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Olson, Jennifer; Prather, Michael; Berntsen, Terje; Carmichael, Gregory; Chatfield, Robert; Connell, Peter; Derwent, Richard; Horowitz, Larry; Jin, Shengxin; Kanakidou, Maria; Kasibhatla, Prasad; Kotamarthi, Rao; Kuhn, Michael; Law, Kathy; Penner, Joyce; Perliski, Lori; Sillman, Sanford; Stordal, Frode; Thompson, Anne; Wild, Oliver

    1997-03-01

    Results from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climatic Change (IPCC) tropospheric photochemical model intercomparison (PhotoComp) are presented with a brief discussion of the factors that may contribute to differences in the modeled behaviors of HOx cycling and the accompanying O3 tendencies. PhotoComp was a tightly controlled model experiment in which the IPCC 1994 assessment sought to determine the consistency among models that are used to predict changes in tropospheric ozone, an important greenhouse gas. Calculated tropospheric photodissociation rates displayed significant differences, with a root-mean-square (rms) error of the reported model results ranging from about ±6-9% of the mean (for O3 and NO2) to up to ±15% (H2O2 and CH2O). Models using multistream methods in radiative transfer calculations showed distinctly higher rates for photodissociation of NO2 and CH2O compared to models using two-stream methods, and this difference accounted for up to one third of the rms error for these two rates. In general, some small but systematic differences between models were noted for the predicted chemical tendencies in cases that did not include reactions of nomnethane hydrocarbons (NMHC). These differences in modeled O3 tendencies in some cases could be identified, for example, as being due to differences in photodissociation rates, but in others they could not and must be ascribed to unidentified errors. O3 tendencies showed rms errors of about ±10% in the moist, surface level cases with NOx concentrations equal to a few tens of parts per trillion by volume. Most of these model to model differences can be traced to differences in the destruction of O3 due to reaction with HO2. Differences in HO2, in turn, are likely due to (1) inconsistent reaction rates used by the models for the conversion of HO2 to H2O2 and (2) differences in the model-calculated photolysis of H2O2 and CH2O. In the middle tropospheric "polluted" scenario with NOx concentrations larger than a

  14. Issues in physician contracting.

    PubMed

    Fanburg, John D; Leone, Alyson M

    2005-09-01

    Dermatologists will enter into a number of different contracts during their professional careers. It is important that in each agreement they enter, dermatologists reap the benefits that they aspire for and understand the consequences of each provision. This article addresses just a few of the different issues that arise in physician contracting, such as choosing the appropriate form of business entity; the importance of a writing; term and termination of the contract; compensation models; benefits, vacation and other time off included in the contract; malpractice insurance; and restrictive covenants. Each provision should be carefully analyzed to ensure that it will protect the best interests of the dermatologist in that situation. PMID:16202950

  15. The Co-evolution of Climate Models and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Somerville, R. C.

    2010-12-01

    As recently as the 1950s, global climate models, or GCMs, did not exist, and the notion that man-made carbon dioxide might lead to significant climate change was not regarded as a serious possibility by most experts. Today, of course, the prospect or threat of exactly this type of climate change dominates the science and ranks among the most pressing issues confronting all mankind. Indeed, the prevailing scientific view throughout the first half of the twentieth century was that adding carbon dioxide to the atmosphere would have only a negligible effect on climate. The science of climate change caused by atmospheric carbon dioxide changes has thus undergone a genuine revolution. An extraordinarily rapid development of global climate models has also characterized this period, especially in the three decades since about 1980. In these three decades, the number of GCMs has greatly increased, and their physical and computational aspects have both markedly improved. Modeling progress has been enabled by many scientific advances, of course, but especially by a massive increase in available computer power, with supercomputer speeds increasing by roughly a factor of a million in the three decades from about 1980 to 2010. This technological advance has permitted a rapid increase in the physical comprehensiveness of GCMs as well as in spatial computational resolution. In short, GCMs have dramatically evolved over time, in exactly the same recent period as popular interest and scientific concern about anthropogenic climate change have markedly increased. In parallel, a unique international organization, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, or IPCC, has also recently come into being and also evolved rapidly. Today, the IPCC has become widely respected and globally influential. The IPCC was founded in 1988, and its history is thus even shorter than that of GCMs. Yet, its stature today is such that a series of IPCC reports assessing climate change science has already

  16. The Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES): Enhancing Collaboration to Support Science-Based Decision-Making

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duke, C. S.; Quach, K.; Jackson, S. T.

    2015-12-01

    The Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) offers major opportunities to enhance scientific collaboration and advance global environmental sustainability. IPBES was established in 2012 as an independent intergovernmental body dedicated to assessing the state of the planet's biodiversity, its ecosystems, and the essential services they provide to society. IPBES has four functions: 1) identify and prioritize key scientific information needed for policymakers and catalyze efforts to generate new knowledge by engaging relevant scientific, policy and funding organizations; 2) perform regular and timely assessments of knowledge on biodiversity and ecosystem services and their interlinkages; 3) support policy formulation and implementation by identifying policy-relevant tools and methodologies; and 4) prioritize key capacity-building needs to improve the science-policy interface and catalyze related financing. To date, IPBES has brought together representatives of 124 countries at three annual plenary meetings and numerous panel meetings about specific assessments. This presentation will summarize IPBES' opportunities and achievements to date. These include a conceptual framework for IPBES processes and products, an assessment of the status of pollination and pollinators associated with food production, draft reports on scenario analyses and capacity building, and scoping for assessments of land degradation and restoration and of biodiversity in five regions of the world. IPBES provides natural and social scientists and other experts with important opportunities to support collaborative, science-based environmental decision-making at global to local scales. The presentation will conclude by describing opportunities to participate as expert panel members, contributors to assessments, and reviewers.

  17. A history of the science and politics of climate change: the role of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

    SciTech Connect

    Bolin, B.

    2007-11-15

    In response to growing concern about human-induced global climate change, the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was formed in 1988. Written by its first Chairman, this book is a unique overview of the history of the IPCC. It describes and evaluates the intricate interplay between key factors in the science and politics of climate change, the strategy that has been followed, and the regretfully slow pace in getting to grips with the uncertainties that have prevented earlier action being taken. The book also highlights the emerging conflict between establishing a sustainable global energy system and preventing a serious change in global climate. Contents are: Part I. The Early History of the Climate Change Issue: 1. Nineteenth century discoveries; 2. The natural carbon cycle and life on earth; 3. Global research initiatives in meteorology and climatology; 4. Early international assessments of climate change; Part II. The Climate Change Issue Becomes One of Global Concern: 5. Setting the stage; 6. The scientific basis for a climate convention; 7. Serving the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee; 8. The Second IPP Assessment Report; 9. In the aftermath of the IPCC Second Assessment; 10. The Kyoto Protocol is agreed and a third assessment begun; 11. A decade of hesitance and slow progress; Part III. A Turning Point in Addressing Climate Change?: 12. Key scientific finding of prime political relevance; 13. Climate change and the future global energy supply system; Concluding remarks. 9 figs.

  18. 48 CFR 235.006 - Contracting methods and contract type.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... contract type. 235.006 Section 235.006 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION... CONTRACTING 235.006 Contracting methods and contract type. (b)(i) For major defense acquisition programs as... award a fixed-price type contract for a development program effort unless— (1) The level of program...

  19. Performance Contracting Overview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wohlferd, Gerald H.

    Conclusions reached after three years of performance contracting experience and materials with which to judge the validity of the conclusions are presented in this overview of performance contracting. The conclusions are: (1) commercial firms are no better at teaching children than are public schools; (2) commercial firms expend as much or more…

  20. The New Employment Contract?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levine, David I.

    2002-01-01

    In the classic employment contract, especially at large companies, wages were not strongly responsive to the labor market. Instead, individual companies had distinctive company wage levels and patterns. An exhaustive study of employers and employees in the United States and Japan examined whether the "old employment contract" has been replaced.…

  1. Contracting for Telecommunications Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brautigam, Arthur W.

    1984-01-01

    Reasons for changing telephone systems at colleges and universities and the preparation and evaluation of requests for proposals (RFP) are discussed. The negotiation and monitoring of the contract are also addressed. It is noted that contracting for a new telecommunications system is extremely complex. Reasons for changing systems include cost…

  2. Whither Performance Contracting?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Norman S.

    This report describes briefly performance contracts; discusses their shortcomings, pitfalls, and advantages; and gives some insight into the future development of this new concept. Two shortcomings of performance contracting include (1) teaching to the test and (2) board abdication of its responsibility for making final decisions about educational…

  3. Signaling in muscle contraction.

    PubMed

    Kuo, Ivana Y; Ehrlich, Barbara E

    2015-02-02

    Signaling pathways regulate contraction of striated (skeletal and cardiac) and smooth muscle. Although these are similar, there are striking differences in the pathways that can be attributed to the distinct functional roles of the different muscle types. Muscles contract in response to depolarization, activation of G-protein-coupled receptors and other stimuli. The actomyosin fibers responsible for contraction require an increase in the cytosolic levels of calcium, which signaling pathways induce by promoting influx from extracellular sources or release from intracellular stores. Rises in cytosolic calcium stimulate numerous downstream calcium-dependent signaling pathways, which can also regulate contraction. Alterations to the signaling pathways that initiate and sustain contraction and relaxation occur as a consequence of exercise and pathophysiological conditions.

  4. How certain is 'certain'? Exploring how the English-language media reported the use of calibrated language in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's Fifth Assessment Report.

    PubMed

    Collins, Luke C; Nerlich, Brigitte

    2016-08-01

    This article presents findings from an analysis of English-language media reports following the publication of the fifth Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Assessment Report in September 2013. Focusing on the way they reported the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's use of 'calibrated' language, we find that of 1906 articles relating to the issuing of the report only 272 articles (14.27%) convey the use of a deliberate and systematic verbal scale. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's carefully calibrated language was rarely discussed or explicated, but in some instances scientists, political actors or journalists would attempt to contextualise or elaborate on the reported findings by using analogies to other scientific principles or examples of taking action despite uncertainty. We consider those analogies in terms of their efficacy in communicating (un)certainty.

  5. 48 CFR 916.307 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost-Reimbursement Contracts 916.307 Contract clauses. (g) Insert the... solicitations and contracts when a cost-reimbursement research and development contract with a State or...

  6. The Case for Performance Contracting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Sutherland; Wilson, Nancy

    1981-01-01

    Discussed the State of Colorado's introduction of performance contracting into its relationships with community mental health centers. Describes the nature of the contract and its implementation. Particular emphasis is placed on the implications of the contract for program evaluation. (Author)

  7. 48 CFR 232.617 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... OF DEFENSE GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Contract Debts 232.617 Contract clause... personnel at civilian schools, colleges, and universities; (B) Basic agreements with telephone companies...

  8. Local Disaster Contracting Fairness Act of 2011

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Rep. Boustany, Charles W., Jr. [R-LA-7

    2011-05-05

    05/13/2011 Referred to the Subcommittee on Technology, Information Policy, Intergovernmental Relations and Procurement Reform . (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  9. Fairness in Federal Contracting Act of 2011

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Rep. Cole, Tom [R-OK-4

    2011-05-13

    06/20/2011 Referred to the Subcommittee on Technology, Information Policy, Intergovernmental Relations and Procurement Reform . (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  10. Checking software contracts

    SciTech Connect

    Mitchell, R.; Maung, I.; Howse, J.; Heathcote, T.

    1995-12-31

    In object-oriented software, contracts between classes can be expressed in terms of preconditions, postconditions and invariants. In the programming language Eiffel, contracts can be checked at run-time. Within inheritance hierarchies, contracts can be used to control the redefinition of services. In Eiffel, the rules ensure that redefinition is safe in the presence of polymorphism and dynamic binding. This paper shows that Eiffel`s support for contracts can be extended, both to cover the polymorphic case more fully, and to cover other uses of inheritance, including its use for selectively reusing code from a parent class. The paper proposes that software designers should state what properties they claim for any uses of inheritance, in order that extra checks on consistency can be applied, and shows that some extra debugging power could be obtained easily, by changing only the run-time system for Eiffel, rather than the language itself.

  11. Mechanics of Vorticella Contraction

    PubMed Central

    Misra, Gaurav; Dickinson, Richard B.; Ladd, Anthony J.C.

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Vorticella convallaria is one of a class of fast-moving organisms that can traverse its body size in less than a millisecond by rapidly coiling a slender stalk anchoring it to a nearby surface. The stalk houses a fiber called the spasmoneme, which winds helically within the stalk and rapidly contracts in response to calcium signaling. We have developed a coupled mechanical-chemical model of the coiling process, accounting for the coiling of the elastic stalk and the binding of calcium to the protein spasmin. Simulations of the model describe the contraction and recovery processes quantitatively. The stalk-spasmoneme system is shown to satisfy geometric constraints, which explains why the cell body sometimes rotates during contraction. The shape of the collapsing and recovering stalk bounds its effective bending stiffness. Simulations suggest that recovery from the contracted state is driven by the stalk at a rate controlled by dissociation of calcium from spasmin. PMID:20550905

  12. 3 CFR - Government Contracting

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... contract oversight could reduce such sums significantly. Government outsourcing for services also raises... governmental functions. Agencies and departments must operate under clear rules prescribing when outsourcing is... oversee acquisitions appropriately; and (4) clarify when governmental outsourcing for services is and...

  13. The impacts of intergovernmental grants on municipal infrastructure: Evidence from the Canada-Quebec infrastructure works 2000 program.

    PubMed

    Mehiriz, Kaddour

    2016-10-01

    This article reports the results of a study on the outcomes of the Canada-Quebec Infrastructure Works 2000 Program (CQIWP), an infrastructure grant program to Quebec municipalities. The focus of this study is on the effects of the CQIWP on municipal investment and physical conditions of drinking water systems and, as such, it goes beyond the usual emphasis on the fiscal consequences of intergovernmental grants. The study results show that the CQIWP was an efficient tool to induce municipalities to increase investment and to reduce the number of aqueduct breakdowns. In light of these findings, this study suggests that upper levels of governments can rely on infrastructure grants to fill the gap in municipal investment and, therefore, to improve the availability and quality of municipal infrastructure.

  14. The impacts of intergovernmental grants on municipal infrastructure: Evidence from the Canada-Quebec infrastructure works 2000 program.

    PubMed

    Mehiriz, Kaddour

    2016-10-01

    This article reports the results of a study on the outcomes of the Canada-Quebec Infrastructure Works 2000 Program (CQIWP), an infrastructure grant program to Quebec municipalities. The focus of this study is on the effects of the CQIWP on municipal investment and physical conditions of drinking water systems and, as such, it goes beyond the usual emphasis on the fiscal consequences of intergovernmental grants. The study results show that the CQIWP was an efficient tool to induce municipalities to increase investment and to reduce the number of aqueduct breakdowns. In light of these findings, this study suggests that upper levels of governments can rely on infrastructure grants to fill the gap in municipal investment and, therefore, to improve the availability and quality of municipal infrastructure. PMID:27423038

  15. Intergovernmental Conference of Experts on the Scientific Basis for Rational Use and Conservation of the Resources of the Biosphere (Paris, France, September 4-13, 1968), Recommendations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

    This document contains twenty recommendations put forth at the Intergovernmental Conference of Experts on the Scientific Basis for Rational Use and Conservation of the Resources of the Biosphere under the direction of UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization). The conference was held at the UNESCO House, Paris,…

  16. Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission. Reports of Governing and Major Subsidiary Bodies. Fourteenth Session of the Assembly (Paris, 17 March-1 April 1987).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission.

    The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission was organized by Unesco to promote scientific investigation with a view to learning about the nature and resources of the oceans through the concerted action of its members. This report contains a summary of the discussions that took place at the 14th session of the Commission. This includes the…

  17. Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission. Reports of Governing and Major Subsidiary Bodies. Session of the Assembly (15th, Paris, France, July 4-19, 1989).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission.

    The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission was organized by UNESCO to promote scientific investigation with a view to learning about the nature and resources of the oceans and disseminating this knowledge through the concerted action of its members. The report contains a summary of the discussions that took place at the 15th Session of the…

  18. Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Eleventh Session of the Assembly, Including Resolutions from the Tenth and Eleventh Sessions of the Executive Council, Paris, 15 October - 3 November 1979. Summary Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission.

    The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) functions within the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (Unesco) to promote scientific investigation into the nature and resources of the world's oceans. Summarized in this report are discussions that took place in both preparatory meetings and plenary sessions of…

  19. Affine Contractions on the Plane

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Celik, D.; Ozdemir, Y.; Ureyen, M.

    2007-01-01

    Contractions play a considerable role in the theory of fractals. However, it is not easy to find contractions which are not similitudes. In this study, it is shown by counter examples that an affine transformation of the plane carrying a given triangle onto another triangle may not be a contraction even if it contracts edges, heights or medians.…

  20. Educational Performance Contracting. PREP-28.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Educational Communication (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Div. of Practice Improvement.

    This document explicates what is involved in educational performance contracting. Four basic types of contracts can be used to procure goods and services: fixed and performance contracts for resources and fixed and performance contracts for results. The basic considerations in choice of type are risk, relative technologies, management skills…

  1. Service contract management and negotiation.

    PubMed

    Wickesser, T A

    1994-04-01

    Service contract management can have a profound impact on the life cycle cost and general performance of serviced equipment. Negotiating service contracts from the client's perspective can help to ensure that the facility is receiving the best possible service and terms during the contract period. This document shows examples of contract considerations.

  2. Nested and Dynamic Contract Boundaries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Strickland, T. Stephen; Felleisen, Matthias

    Previous work on software contracts assumes fixed and statically known boundaries between the parties to a contract. Implementations of contract monitoring systems rely on this assumption to explain the nature of contract violations and to assign blame to violators. In this paper, we explain how to implement arbitrary, nested, and dynamic contract boundaries with two examples. First, we add nestable contract regions to a static, first-order module system. Second, we show that even a dynamic, higher-order, and hierarchical module system can be equipped with software contracts that support precise blame assignment.

  3. Consensus, contracts, and committees.

    PubMed

    Moreno, J D

    1991-08-01

    Following a brief account of the puzzle that ethics committees present for the Western Philosophical tradition, I will examine the possibility that social contract theory can contribute to a philosophical account of these committees. Passing through classical as well as contemporary theories, particularly Rawls' recent constructivist approach, I will argue that social contract theory places severe constraints on the authority that may legitimately be granted to ethics committees. This, I conclude, speaks more about the suitability of the theory to this level of analysis than about the ethics committee phenomenon itself.

  4. 48 CFR 417.204 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 417.204 Contracts. The head of the contracting activity is authorized to approve contracts which exceed the 5 year limitation in FAR 17.204(e)....

  5. Acting Out Muscle Contraction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hudson, Margaret

    2003-01-01

    Describes a science activity that can be implemented into anatomy and physiology courses that demonstrates the interactions between action and myosin, the roles of sodium and calcium ions in the regulation of contraction, and the functions of the plasma membrane and the sarcoplasmic reticulum. (YDS)

  6. Contracting for Audit Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heifetz, Harry S.

    1987-01-01

    The Single Audit Act of 1984 requires most school districts receiving over $25,000 in federal funds to undergo financial audits. This article highlights requirements for selecting certified public accountants to perform the audit and suggests factors to be considered before drafting a contract or letter of engagement. A sample letter is included.…

  7. Paradental Training Contract.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lane Community Coll., Eugene, OR.

    This report describes institutional, faculty, and student activities and problems resulting from Lane Community College's acceptance of a federal contract to develop a paradental training program designed specifically to provide training/retraining required to quality military-trained dental corpsmen for examination by the Oregon State Board of…

  8. Copyright or Contract?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Okerson, Ann

    1997-01-01

    Most authors and publishers of electronic information believe that current copyright law does not address technical capabilities or reader uses and have turned to contracts or licenses to define the rights of owners and users. Discusses copyrights, fair use, and licenses and highlights licensing's unresolved issues: use and users; archiving;…

  9. Contracting for Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donald, Janet G.

    1976-01-01

    A learning contract is a document, drawn up by a student and his instructor or advisor that specifies what the student will learn, how this will be accomplished, within what period of time, and what the criteria of evaluation will be. The student and instructor agree upon specific objectives, resources to be used, and feedback sessions.…

  10. Contracting for Classroom Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLaughlin, John; Brown, Senn

    2000-01-01

    Like county governments, hospitals, and municipalities, superintendents must develop policies and protocols for requesting proposals, administering contracts, and ensuring desired results of private-sector services. Administrators should consider performance criteria, legal issues, cost and efficiency analysis, contractor evaluation criteria, and…

  11. Employee contract issues for dermatologists.

    PubMed

    Brown, Christopher E; Indest, George F

    2013-12-01

    Employees and employers routinely face negotiating and preparing physician employment contracts. It is important for both sides to know and understand the basic information on what a comprehensive employment contract for a dermatologist should contain. There are various employment contract provisions from both the employee's perspective and the employer's perspective that must be considered when preparing physician employment contracts. This article provides basic advice and recommendations on requirements that should be included in such contracts. It suggests legal pitfalls that can be avoided through various contract clauses.

  12. Employee contract issues for dermatologists.

    PubMed

    Brown, Christopher E; Indest, George F

    2013-12-01

    Employees and employers routinely face negotiating and preparing physician employment contracts. It is important for both sides to know and understand the basic information on what a comprehensive employment contract for a dermatologist should contain. There are various employment contract provisions from both the employee's perspective and the employer's perspective that must be considered when preparing physician employment contracts. This article provides basic advice and recommendations on requirements that should be included in such contracts. It suggests legal pitfalls that can be avoided through various contract clauses. PMID:24800433

  13. Global warming feedbacks on terrestrial carbon uptake under the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Emission Scenarios

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Joos, Fortunat; Prentice, I. Colin; Sitch, Stephen; Meyer, Robert; Hooss, Georg; Plattner, Gian-Kasper; Gerber, Stefan; Hasselmann, Klaus

    2001-12-01

    A coupled physical-biogeochemical climate model that includes a dynamic global vegetation model and a representation of a coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation model is driven by the nonintervention emission scenarios recently developed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Atmospheric CO2, carbon sinks, radiative forcing by greenhouse gases (GHGs) and aerosols, changes in the fields of surface-air temperature, precipitation, cloud cover, ocean thermal expansion, and vegetation structure are projected. Up to 2100, atmospheric CO2 increases to 540 ppm for the lowest and to 960 ppm for the highest emission scenario analyzed. Sensitivity analyses suggest an uncertainty in these projections of -10 to +30% for a given emission scenario. Radiative forcing is estimated to increase between 3 and 8 W m-2 between now and 2100. Simulated warmer conditions in North America and Eurasia affect ecosystem structure: boreal trees expand poleward in high latitudes and are partly replaced by temperate trees and grasses at lower latitudes. The consequences for terrestrial carbon storage depend on the assumed sensitivity of climate to radiative forcing, the sensitivity of soil respiration to temperature, and the rate of increase in radiative forcing by both CO2 and other GHGs. In the most extreme cases, the terrestrial biosphere becomes a source of carbon during the second half of the century. High GHG emissions and high contributions of non-CO2 agents to radiative forcing favor a transient terrestrial carbon source by enhancing warming and the associated release of soil carbon.

  14. The rapid disintegration of projections: the West Antarctic Ice Sheet and the intergovernmental panel on climate change.

    PubMed

    O'Reilly, Jessica; Oreskes, Naomi; Oppenheimer, Michael

    2012-10-01

    How and why did the scientific consensus about sea level rise due to the disintegration of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS), expressed in the third Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) assessment, disintegrate on the road to the fourth? Using ethnographic interviews and analysis of IPCC documents, we trace the abrupt disintegration of the WAIS consensus. First, we provide a brief historical overview of scientific assessments of the WAIS. Second, we provide a detailed case study of the decision not to provide a WAIS prediction in the Fourth Assessment Report. Third, we discuss the implications of this outcome for the general issue of scientists and policymakers working in assessment organizations to make projections. IPCC authors were less certain about potential WAIS futures than in previous assessment reports in part because of new information, but also because of the outcome of cultural processes within the IPCC, including how people were selected for and worked together within their writing groups. It became too difficult for IPCC assessors to project the range of possible futures for WAIS due to shifts in scientific knowledge as well as in the institutions that facilitated the interpretations of this knowledge.

  15. 48 CFR 1335.006 - Contracting methods and contract type.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTING 1335.006 Contracting methods and... research involving human subjects to be carried out in performance of the award is exempt from 15 CFR part... Subjects, that the research involving human subjects is not exempt from the requirements of 15 CFR part...

  16. 48 CFR 17.204 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... that are not available in the fiscal year in which the contract would otherwise be completed. (e... CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 17.204 Contracts. (a) The contract shall specify limits... contract, including any extension. (b) The contract shall state the period within which the option may...

  17. 48 CFR 16.302 - Cost contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cost contracts. 16.302... AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost-Reimbursement Contracts 16.302 Cost contracts. (a) Description. A cost contract is a cost-reimbursement contract in which the contractor receives no fee....

  18. 48 CFR 16.302 - Cost contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost contracts. 16.302... AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost-Reimbursement Contracts 16.302 Cost contracts. (a) Description. A cost contract is a cost-reimbursement contract in which the contractor receives no fee....

  19. 48 CFR 217.7406 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... OF DEFENSE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Undefinitized Contract Actions 217.7406 Contract clauses. (a) Use the clause at FAR 52.216-24, Limitation of Government Liability...) Indefinite-delivery contracts; (5) Any other type of contract providing for the use of UCAs; and (6)...

  20. 48 CFR 217.7406 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... OF DEFENSE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Undefinitized Contract Actions 217.7406 Contract clauses. (a) Use the clause at FAR 52.216-24, Limitation of Government Liability...) Indefinite-delivery contracts; (5) Any other type of contract providing for the use of UCAs; and (6)...

  1. 48 CFR 217.7406 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... OF DEFENSE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Undefinitized Contract Actions 217.7406 Contract clauses. (a) Use the clause at FAR 52.216-24, Limitation of Government Liability...) Indefinite-delivery contracts; (5) Any other type of contract providing for the use of UCAs; and (6)...

  2. 48 CFR 217.7406 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... OF DEFENSE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Undefinitized Contract Actions 217.7406 Contract clauses. (a) Use the clause at FAR 52.216-24, Limitation of Government Liability...) Indefinite-delivery contracts; (5) Any other type of contract providing for the use of UCAs; and (6)...

  3. 48 CFR 217.7406 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... OF DEFENSE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Undefinitized Contract Actions 217.7406 Contract clauses. (a) Use the clause at FAR 52.216-24, Limitation of Government Liability...) Indefinite-delivery contracts; (5) Any other type of contract providing for the use of UCAs; and (6)...

  4. Utility Energy Services Contracts Guide

    SciTech Connect

    2013-09-01

    The UESC Guide is a compilation of samples and templates developed as a resource to help contracting officers implement task orders for UESCs under existing U.S. General Services Administration areawide contracts.

  5. Performance Contracting: Making It Legal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Reed

    1971-01-01

    Discusses the possible limits on the legal authority of a school to contract with private enterprise for instructional services. The proper procedure for entering into such a contract is discussed. (JF)

  6. Contracts for dispatchable power

    SciTech Connect

    Kahn, E.P.; Stoft, S.; Marnay, C.; Berman, D.

    1990-10-01

    Competitive bidding for electric power is maturing. Increasing numbers of utilities are soliciting proposals from private suppliers. The amount of capacity being sought is increasing, and potential suppliers appear to be abundant. Analysis of these developments still remains limited. Evidence on the behavior of this market is scarce and sketchy. The underlying economic principles that are shaping the market have not clearly been articulated. In this report we examine the economics of competitive bidding both empirically and analytically. Previous study of this market has focused on the evaluation criteria specified in Requests for Proposals (RFPs), and highly aggregated summary statistics on participation and results. We continue the examination of RFPs, but also survey the details of long term contracts that have emerged from competitive bidding. Contracts provide a new level of specific detail that has not been previously available. 68 refs., 13 figs., 25 tabs.

  7. Russian Contract Procurement Document

    SciTech Connect

    Tobin, J G

    2010-03-29

    This contract supports the enhancement of physical protection or nuclear material control and accounting systems at institutes or enterprises of the newly independent states under the material protection control and accounting (MPC&A) program. The contract is entered into pursuant to the MPC&A Program, a gratuitous technical assistance program, in accordance with the bilateral Agreements between the Russian Federation and the United States of America concerning the Safe and Secure Transportation, Storage and Destruction of Weapons and the Prevention of Weapons Proliferation of June 1992, as extended and amended by Protocol signed of June 1999, Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation regarding Cooperation in the Area of Nuclear Materials Physical Protection, Control and Accounting of October 1999 and the Russian Federation law of May 1999 on the taxation exemption of gratuitous technical assistance with Russian Federation under registration No.DOE001000.

  8. Elements of gas contracts

    SciTech Connect

    O`Neal, J.

    1995-12-01

    The gas marketing scene has taken on a new look from the days of the {open_quotes}Long Term{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}Life of Lease{close_quotes} Contracts. In the past natural gas was of ten sold direct from the wellhead or a producer-owned facility to a pipeline company at a flat rate price and the only parties involved were producer or seller and buyer. Today, the parties involved in the marketing process might include a gathering entity to gather gas at a central point and provide gathering, compression and/or dehydration services; multiple pipeline companies for transportation; sales representatives or marketing brokers to negotiate a sale of the available gas on a monthly basis; and purchasers or end users. New terms have also been introduced in the process such as: {open_quotes}LDC{close_quotes} (local distribution company), {open_quotes}FERC Order 636{close_quotes}, {open_quotes}Price Delivered-to-Pipeline{close_quotes} and the various {open_quotes}levels of Service{close_quotes} under Gas Sales and Purchase Agreements. Four common levels of service are: {open_quotes}Firm{close_quotes}, {open_quotes}Baseload{close_quotes}, {open_quotes}Swing{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}Baseload/Operational{close_quotes}. It is evident that current marketing plans often require a separate contract for each service or commitment. Contract contents vary greatly, but most contain the following elements.

  9. Health Contract in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haber, David

    2007-01-01

    A health contract is a technique used by health professionals to help clients achieve a health goal. This article describes a course, "Changing Health Behaviors," in which a health contract strategy is taught and practiced with older adults. The health contract can also be included as a smaller educational component within a gerontology course…

  10. 48 CFR 1842.7202 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION AND AUDIT SERVICES NASA Contractor Financial Management... Contractor Financial Management Reporting, in solicitations and contracts when any of the NASA Form...

  11. 48 CFR 1842.7202 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION AND AUDIT SERVICES NASA Contractor Financial Management... Contractor Financial Management Reporting, in solicitations and contracts when any of the NASA Form...

  12. Active Contraction of Microtubule Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Foster, Peter; Fürthauer, Sebastian; Shelley, Michael; Needleman, Daniel

    Many cellular processes are driven by cytoskeletal assemblies. It remains unclear how cytoskeletal filaments and motor proteins organize into cellular scale structures and how molecular properties of cytoskeletal components affect the large scale behaviors of these systems. Here we investigate the self-organization of stabilized microtubules in Xenopus oocyte extracts and find that they can form macroscopic networks that spontaneously contract. We propose that these contractions are driven by the clustering of microtubule minus ends by dynein. Based on this idea, we construct an active fluid theory of network contractions which predicts a dependence of the timescale of contraction on initial network geometry, a development of density inhomogeneities during contraction, a constant final network density, and a strong influence of dynein inhibition on the rate of contraction, all in quantitative agreement with experiments. These results demonstrate that the motor-driven clustering of filament ends is a generic mechanism leading to contraction.

  13. Greenhouse gas emissions from swine operations: evaluation of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change approaches through meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Liu, Z; Powers, W; Liu, H

    2013-08-01

    The objective was to provide a systematic review of the literature on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from swine operations, with a meta-analysis that integrates results of independent studies. A total of 53 studies that measured GHG emissions from swine operations were included in the analyses. Results showed that the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) approaches were effective in estimating the overall CH4 and N2O emission levels from swine operations, but the variation of the measured emissions is not adequately captured. An overestimation by the IPCC approaches for CH4 emissions was observed for swine buildings with pit systems in European studies and the average percentage relative difference (PRD) between the measured and the IPCC values is -21.1%. The observed CH4 emissions from lagoons were lower than the IPCC estimated values and the average PRD is -33.9%. In North American studies the observed N2O emission factors for swine buildings with pit systems were significantly lower than the IPCC default values whereas in European studies they were significantly greater than the IPCC default values. The measured CH4 and N2O emissions were significantly affected by stage of production (P = 0.05 and <0.01, respectively) and geographic regions (P = 0.04 and 0.02, respectively). The IPCC approaches were effective in simulating the effect of temperature on CH4 emissions from outdoor slurry storage facilities whereas they could overestimate CH4 emissions from lagoons at low temperatures. The CH4 emissions from pits inside swine buildings were not significantly affected by average ambient temperatures. A positive relationship between diet CP content and CH4 emissions was confirmed in the meta-analysis. The obtained knowledge can be helpful in efforts to improve estimation of GHG emissions from swine operations.

  14. Estimating national landfill methane emissions: an application of the 2006 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Waste Model in Panama.

    PubMed

    Weitz, Melissa; Coburn, Jeffrey B; Salinas, Edgar

    2008-05-01

    This paper estimates national methane emissions from solid waste disposal sites in Panama over the time period 1990-2020 using both the 2006 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Waste Model spreadsheet and the default emissions estimate approach presented in the 1996 IPCC Good Practice Guidelines. The IPCC Waste Model has the ability to calculate emissions from a variety of solid waste disposal site types, taking into account country- or region-specific waste composition and climate information, and can be used with a limited amount of data. Countries with detailed data can also run the model with country-specific values. The paper discusses methane emissions from solid waste disposal; explains the differences between the two methodologies in terms of data needs, assumptions, and results; describes solid waste disposal circumstances in Panama; and presents the results of this analysis. It also demonstrates the Waste Model's ability to incorporate landfill gas recovery data and to make projections. The former default method methane emissions estimates are 25 Gg in 1994, and range from 23.1 Gg in 1990 to a projected 37.5 Gg in 2020. The Waste Model estimates are 26.7 Gg in 1994, ranging from 24.6 Gg in 1990 to 41.6 Gg in 2020. Emissions estimates for Panama produced by the new model were, on average, 8% higher than estimates produced by the former default methodology. The increased estimate can be attributed to the inclusion of all solid waste disposal in Panama (as opposed to only disposal in managed landfills), but the increase was offset somewhat by the different default factors and regional waste values between the 1996 and 2006 IPCC guidelines, and the use of the first-order decay model with a time delay for waste degradation in the IPCC Waste Model. PMID:18512440

  15. Deriving grassland management factors for a carbon accounting method developed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

    PubMed

    Ogle, Stephen M; Conant, Richard T; Paustian, Keith

    2004-04-01

    Grassland management affects soil organic carbon (SOC) storage and can be used to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. However, for a country to assess emission reductions due to grassland management, there must be an inventory method for estimating the change in SOC storage. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has developed a simple carbon accounting approach for this purpose, and here we derive new grassland management factors that represent the effect of changing management on carbon storage for this method. Our literature search identified 49 studies dealing with effects of management practices that either degraded or improved conditions relative to nominally managed grasslands. On average, degradation reduced SOC storage to 95% +/- 0.06 and 97% +/- 0.05 of carbon stored under nominal conditions in temperate and tropical regions, respectively. In contrast, improving grasslands with a single management activity enhanced SOC storage by 14% +/- 0.06 and 17% +/- 0.05 in temperate and tropical regions, respectively, and with an additional improvement(s), storage increased by another 11% +/- 0.04. We applied the newly derived factor coefficients to analyze C sequestration potential for managed grasslands in the U.S., and found that over a 20-year period changing management could sequester from 5 to 142 Tg C yr(-1) or 0.1 to 0.9 Mg C ha(-1) yr(-1), depending on the level of change. This analysis provides revised factor coefficients for the IPCC method that can be used to estimate impacts of management; it also provides a methodological framework for countries to derive factor coefficients specific to conditions in their region. PMID:15453401

  16. Quantification of landfill methane using modified Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's waste model and error function analysis.

    PubMed

    Govindan, Siva Shangari; Agamuthu, P

    2014-10-01

    Waste management can be regarded as a cross-cutting environmental 'mega-issue'. Sound waste management practices support the provision of basic needs for general health, such as clean air, clean water and safe supply of food. In addition, climate change mitigation efforts can be achieved through reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from waste management operations, such as landfills. Landfills generate landfill gas, especially methane, as a result of anaerobic degradation of the degradable components of municipal solid waste. Evaluating the mode of generation and collection of landfill gas has posted a challenge over time. Scientifically, landfill gas generation rates are presently estimated using numerical models. In this study the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's Waste Model is used to estimate the methane generated from a Malaysian sanitary landfill. Key parameters of the model, which are the decay rate and degradable organic carbon, are analysed in two different approaches; the bulk waste approach and waste composition approach. The model is later validated using error function analysis and optimum decay rate, and degradable organic carbon for both approaches were also obtained. The best fitting values for the bulk waste approach are a decay rate of 0.08 y(-1) and degradable organic carbon value of 0.12; and for the waste composition approach the decay rate was found to be 0.09 y(-1) and degradable organic carbon value of 0.08. From this validation exercise, the estimated error was reduced by 81% and 69% for the bulk waste and waste composition approach, respectively. In conclusion, this type of modelling could constitute a sensible starting point for landfills to introduce careful planning for efficient gas recovery in individual landfills.

  17. Estimating national landfill methane emissions: an application of the 2006 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Waste Model in Panama.

    PubMed

    Weitz, Melissa; Coburn, Jeffrey B; Salinas, Edgar

    2008-05-01

    This paper estimates national methane emissions from solid waste disposal sites in Panama over the time period 1990-2020 using both the 2006 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Waste Model spreadsheet and the default emissions estimate approach presented in the 1996 IPCC Good Practice Guidelines. The IPCC Waste Model has the ability to calculate emissions from a variety of solid waste disposal site types, taking into account country- or region-specific waste composition and climate information, and can be used with a limited amount of data. Countries with detailed data can also run the model with country-specific values. The paper discusses methane emissions from solid waste disposal; explains the differences between the two methodologies in terms of data needs, assumptions, and results; describes solid waste disposal circumstances in Panama; and presents the results of this analysis. It also demonstrates the Waste Model's ability to incorporate landfill gas recovery data and to make projections. The former default method methane emissions estimates are 25 Gg in 1994, and range from 23.1 Gg in 1990 to a projected 37.5 Gg in 2020. The Waste Model estimates are 26.7 Gg in 1994, ranging from 24.6 Gg in 1990 to 41.6 Gg in 2020. Emissions estimates for Panama produced by the new model were, on average, 8% higher than estimates produced by the former default methodology. The increased estimate can be attributed to the inclusion of all solid waste disposal in Panama (as opposed to only disposal in managed landfills), but the increase was offset somewhat by the different default factors and regional waste values between the 1996 and 2006 IPCC guidelines, and the use of the first-order decay model with a time delay for waste degradation in the IPCC Waste Model.

  18. 42 CFR 434.6 - General requirements for all contracts and subcontracts. P>(a) Contracts. All contracts under...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... contracts and subcontracts.P>(a) Contracts. All contracts under this part must include all of the following: (1) Include provisions that define a sound and complete procurement contract, as required by 45 CFR... subcontracts. P>(a) Contracts. All contracts under this part must include all of the following: 434.6...

  19. The Lanthanide Contraction Revisited

    SciTech Connect

    Seitz, Michael; Oliver, Allen G.; Raymond, Kenneth N.

    2007-04-19

    A complete, isostructural series of lanthanide complexes (except Pm) with the ligand TREN-1,2-HOIQO has been synthesized and structurally characterized by means of single-crystal X-ray analysis. All complexes are 1D-polymeric species in the solid state, with the lanthanide being in an eight-coordinate, distorted trigonal-dodecahedral environment with a donor set of eight unique oxygen atoms. This series constitutes the first complete set of isostructural lanthanide complexes with a ligand of denticity greater than two. The geometric arrangement of the chelating moieties slightly deviates across the lanthanide series, as analyzed by a shape parameter metric based on the comparison of the dihedral angles along all edges of the coordination polyhedron. The apparent lanthanide contraction in the individual Ln-O bond lengths deviates considerably from the expected quadratic decrease that was found previously in a number of complexes with ligands of low denticity. The sum of all bond lengths around the trivalent metal cation, however, is more regular, showing an almost ideal quadratic behavior across the entire series. The quadratic nature of the lanthanide contraction is derived theoretically from Slater's model for the calculation of ionic radii. In addition, the sum of all distances along the edges of the coordination polyhedron show exactly the same quadratic dependency as the Ln-X bond lengths. The universal validity of this coordination sphere contraction, concomitant with the quadratic decrease in Ln-X bond lengths, was confirmed by reexamination of four other, previously published, almost complete series of lanthanide complexes. Due to the importance of multidentate ligands for the chelation of rare-earth metals, this result provides a significant advance for the prediction and rationalization of the geometric features of the corresponding lanthanide complexes, with great potential impact for all aspects of lanthanide coordination.

  20. 48 CFR 3035.7000 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SECURITY ACQUISITION REGULATION (HSAR) SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTING Information Dissemination by Educational Institutions 3035.7000 Contract clause. The contracting officer may use the clause at (HSAR) 48 CFR 3052.235-70, Dissemination of...

  1. 48 CFR 2442.1107 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION Production Surveillance and Reporting 2442.1107 Contract clause... value of $500,000 or less. (d) The clause shall not be used in contracts for information...

  2. 48 CFR 39.107 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY General 39.107 Contract clause. The contracting officer..., in solicitations and contracts for information technology which require security of information... information technology services or support services....

  3. 48 CFR 2415.204 - Contract format.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACTING TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and Information 2415.204 Contract format. (e) The cognizant HCA shall be responsible for making...

  4. 48 CFR 517.109 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Multiyear Contracting 517.109 Contract clauses. Use of... by 40 U.S.C. 490(a)(14) for maintenance and repair of fixed equipment in federally-owned...

  5. 48 CFR 2417.204 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... METHODS AND CONTRACTING TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 2417.204 Contracts. (e) The Senior Procurement Executive shall approve any solicitation or contract which exceeds the five (5) year maximum...

  6. 48 CFR 2132.617 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... GROUP LIFE INSURANCE FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Contract Debts 2132.617 Contract clause. The clause at FAR 52.232-17 is modified in FEGLI Program...

  7. 48 CFR 1632.617 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... HEALTH BENEFITS ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Contract Debts 1632.617 Contract clause. The clause at (FAR) 48 CFR 52.232-17 will be modified in all FEHBP...

  8. 48 CFR 315.209 - Solicitation provisions and contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SERVICES CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and Information 315.209 Solicitation provisions and contract clauses. (a) The Contracting...

  9. 48 CFR 15.204-1 - Uniform contract format.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and Information 15.204-1 Uniform contract format. (a) Contracting officers shall prepare solicitations...

  10. TraceContract

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kavelund, Klaus; Barringer, Howard

    2012-01-01

    TraceContract is an API (Application Programming Interface) for trace analysis. A trace is a sequence of events, and can, for example, be generated by a running program, instrumented appropriately to generate events. An event can be any data object. An example of a trace is a log file containing events that a programmer has found important to record during a program execution. Trace - Contract takes as input such a trace together with a specification formulated using the API and reports on any violations of the specification, potentially calling code (reactions) to be executed when violations are detected. The software is developed as an internal DSL (Domain Specific Language) in the Scala programming language. Scala is a relatively new programming language that is specifically convenient for defining such internal DSLs due to a number of language characteristics. This includes Scala s elegant combination of object-oriented and functional programming, a succinct notation, and an advanced type system. The DSL offers a combination of data-parameterized state machines and temporal logic, which is novel. As an extension of Scala, it is a very expressive and convenient log file analysis framework.

  11. 48 CFR 1517.204 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contracts. 1517.204 Section 1517.204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 1517.204 Contracts. The SCM may approve a contract...

  12. 48 CFR 817.204 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 817.204 Contracts. (a) The contracting officer must obtain the approval of the DSPE before awarding a contract that includes options exceeding the 5-year limitation specified in FAR 17.204(e). This requirement does not apply to contracts to be awarded by or...

  13. 48 CFR 4.802 - Contract files.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract files. 4.802... MATTERS Government Contract Files 4.802 Contract files. (a) A contract file should generally consist of— (1) The contracting office contract file, that documents the basis for the acquisition and the...

  14. 48 CFR 1846.470 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 1846.470 Contract clause. The contracting officer may insert a clause substantially as stated at 1852.246-71, Government Contract Quality... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contract clause....

  15. 48 CFR 1846.470 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 1846.470 Contract clause. The contracting officer may insert a clause substantially as stated at 1852.246-71, Government Contract Quality... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Contract clause....

  16. 48 CFR 1846.470 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 1846.470 Contract clause. The contracting officer may insert a clause substantially as stated at 1852.246-71, Government Contract Quality... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Contract clause....

  17. 48 CFR 4.802 - Contract files.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... MATTERS Government Contract Files 4.802 Contract files. (a) A contract file should generally consist of— (1) The contracting office contract file, that documents the basis for the acquisition and the award... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Contract files....

  18. 48 CFR 1846.470 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 1846.470 Contract clause. The contracting officer may insert a clause substantially as stated at 1852.246-71, Government Contract Quality... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contract clause....

  19. 48 CFR 4.802 - Contract files.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... MATTERS Government Contract Files 4.802 Contract files. (a) A contract file should generally consist of— (1) The contracting office contract file, that documents the basis for the acquisition and the award... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Contract files....

  20. 48 CFR 32.611 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause. 32.611 Section 32.611 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Contract Debts 32.611 Contract clause. (a) The contracting officer shall...

  1. 48 CFR 3416.307 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Section 3416.307 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost-Reimbursement Contracts 3416.307 Contract clauses. (a) If the clause in FAR 52.216-7, Allowable cost and Payment, is used in a contract with...

  2. 48 CFR 1316.406 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 1316.406 Section 1316.406 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 1316.406 Contract clauses. Insert a...

  3. 48 CFR 716.406 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 716.406 Section 716.406 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost Reimbursement Contracts 716.406 Contract clauses....

  4. Intergovernmental Relations in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartunek, Frank

    1994-01-01

    The relationships between provincial and local goverments in Canada have important effects on the course of public education. School districts in British Columbia use a wide variety of political strategies to influence provincial government behavior. Greater knowledge of the nature of such political strategies by school districts would make…

  5. Uterine Contraction Modeling and Simulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Liu, Miao; Belfore, Lee A.; Shen, Yuzhong; Scerbo, Mark W.

    2010-01-01

    Building a training system for medical personnel to properly interpret fetal heart rate tracing requires developing accurate models that can relate various signal patterns to certain pathologies. In addition to modeling the fetal heart rate signal itself, the change of uterine pressure that bears strong relation to fetal heart rate and provides indications of maternal and fetal status should also be considered. In this work, we have developed a group of parametric models to simulate uterine contractions during labor and delivery. Through analysis of real patient records, we propose to model uterine contraction signals by three major components: regular contractions, impulsive noise caused by fetal movements, and low amplitude noise invoked by maternal breathing and measuring apparatus. The regular contractions are modeled by an asymmetric generalized Gaussian function and least squares estimation is used to compute the parameter values of the asymmetric generalized Gaussian function based on uterine contractions of real patients. Regular contractions are detected based on thresholding and derivative analysis of uterine contractions. Impulsive noise caused by fetal movements and low amplitude noise by maternal breathing and measuring apparatus are modeled by rational polynomial functions and Perlin noise, respectively. Experiment results show the synthesized uterine contractions can mimic the real uterine contractions realistically, demonstrating the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.

  6. 48 CFR 235.006 - Contracting methods and contract type.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... production option on a development contract for a major weapon system reasonably in advance of the expiration of the option exercise period. (ii) For other than major defense acquisition programs— (A) Do not... permits realistic pricing; (2) The use of a fixed-price type contract permits an equitable and...

  7. 48 CFR 235.006 - Contracting methods and contract type.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... production option on a development contract for a major weapon system reasonably in advance of the expiration of the option exercise period. (ii) For other than major defense acquisition programs— (A) Do not... permits realistic pricing; (2) The use of a fixed-price type contract permits an equitable and...

  8. 48 CFR 235.006 - Contracting methods and contract type.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... production option on a development contract for a major weapon system reasonably in advance of the expiration of the option exercise period. (ii) For other than major defense acquisition programs— (A) Do not... permits realistic pricing; (2) The use of a fixed-price type contract permits an equitable and...

  9. The Intergovernmental Marine Bioenergy and Carbon Sequestration Protocol: Environmental and Political Risk Reduction of Global Carbon Management (The IMBECS Protocol Draft)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hayes, M.

    2014-12-01

    The IMBECS Protocol concept employs large cultivation and biorefinery installations, within the five Subtropical Convergence Zones (STCZs), to support the production of commodities such as carbon negative biofuels, seafood, organic fertilizer, polymers and freshwater, as a flexible and cost effective means of Global Warming Mitigation (GWM) with the primary objective being the global scale replacement of fossil fuels (FF). This governance approach is categorically distinct from all other large scale GWM governance concepts. Yet, many of the current marine related GWM technologies are adaptable to this proposals. The IMBECS technology would be managed by an intergovernmentally sanctioned non-profit foundation which would have the following functions/mission: Synthesises relevant treaty language Performs R&D activities and purchases relevant patents Under intergovernmental commission, functions as the primary responsible international actorfor environmental standards, production quotas and operational integrity Licence technology to for-profit actors under strict production/environmental standards Enforce production and environmental standards along with production quotas Provide a high level of transparency to all stakeholders Provide legal defence The IMBECS Protocol is conceptually related to the work found in the following documents/links. This list is not exhaustive: Climate Change Geoengineering The Science and Politics of Global Climate Change: A guide to the debate IPCC Special Report on Renewable Energy and Climate Change Mitigation DoE Roadmap for Algae Biofuels PodEnergy Ocean Agronomy development leaders and progenitor of this proposal. Artificial Upwelling of Deep Seawater Using the Perpetual Salt Fountain for Cultivation of Ocean Desert NASAs' OMEGA study. Cool Planet; Land based version of a carbon negative biofuel concept. Cellana; Leading developer of algae based bioproducts. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture Mariculture: A global analysis

  10. Two Views on Performance Contracting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lurie, Sylvia; Smith, Kenneth

    1996-01-01

    North Chicago, Illinois, District 187, received a districtwide overhaul of lighting, heating, ventilation, and security systems through a 10-year performance contract with the Honeywell Corporation. The Briarcliff Manor Union-Free School District, New York, has a contract with Johnson Controls that guarantees a portion of the energy savings…

  11. CONTRACT ADMINISTRATIVE TRACKING SYSTEM (CATS)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Contract Administrative Tracking System (CATS) was developed in response to an ORD NHEERL, Mid-Continent Ecology Division (MED)-recognized need for an automated tracking and retrieval system for Cost Reimbursable Level of Effort (CR/LOE) Contracts. CATS is an Oracle-based app...

  12. Contract Education: A Background Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Community Colleges, Sacramento. Academic Senate.

    Today contract education is generally thought of as a program or course for which an employer is paying the full cost of instruction for customized training. Contract education can help faculty remain current, encourage industry to make equipment available to the college that might otherwise be too expensive, and provide employment opportunities…

  13. Teaching History via Learning Contracts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Jack D.; And Others

    Contract learning is particularly suitable for teaching both the content and methodology of history in a college level, learner-centered, individualized format. Typically, a learning contract has three components. The first deals with the student's goals and objectives. The second component involves identification of the learning resources and…

  14. Contract Schools. Trends and Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hadderman, Margaret

    This article examines contract schools and their influence on U.S. education. Schools that are contracted out may be viewed as a privatization development that both parallels and builds upon the charter-school movement. They can be defined as publicly funded schools operated by an independent group of teachers and administrators under a contract…

  15. Policing Mechanisms in Agricultural Contracts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolf, Steven; Hueth, Brent; Ligon, Ethan

    2001-01-01

    In this paper we focus on mechanisms of coordination in agricultural contracts. Our approach is intended to advance understanding of social relations of production and distribution of power in agrofood systems. Through an analysis of contracts between farmers and intermediaries (e.g., processors, shippers, consignment agents) for California fruits…

  16. Contracting Arrangements in Children's Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ainsworth, Frank

    1994-01-01

    Reports on the results of a study undertaken in Pennsylvania and Massachusetts in 1992 of the use of contracting arrangements in children's services. Highlights the positive and negative aspects of contracting for both contractors and providers, and discusses the impact of this approach for the traditional differentiation between nongovernmental…

  17. Landsat 6 contract signed

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maggs, William Ward

    A new agreement provides $220 million for development and construction of the Landsat 6 remote sensing satellite and its ground systems. The contract, signed on March 31, 1988, by the Department of Commerce (DOC) and the Earth Observation Satellite (EOSAT) Company of Lanham, Md., came just days after approval of DOC's Landsat commercialization plan by subcommittees of the House and Senate appropriations committees.The Landsat 6 spacecraft is due to be launched into orbit on a Titan II rocket in June 1991 from Vandenburg Air Force Base, Calif. The satellite will carry an Enhanced Thematic Mapper (ETM) sensor, an instrument sensitive to electromagnetic radiation in seven ranges or bands of wavelengths. The satellite's payload will also include the Sea Wide Field Sensor (Sea-WiFS), designed to provide information on sea surface temperature and ocean color. The sensor is being developed in a cooperative effort by EOSAT and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). A less certain passenger is a proposed 5-m resolution, three-band sensor sensitive to visible light. EOSAT is trying to find both private financing for the device and potential buyers of the high-resolution imagery that it could produce. The company has been actively courting U.S. television networks, which have in the past used imagery from the European Système Probatoire d'Observation de la Terre (SPOT) satellite for news coverage.

  18. INFINITY construction contract signed

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2010-01-01

    Key state and community leaders celebrated April 6 with the signing of a construction contract for the state-of-the-art INFINITY Science Center planned near John C. Stennis Space Center in south Mississippi. Gulfport Mayor George Schloegel (l to r), chair of non-profit INFINITY Science Center Inc., was joined for the signing ceremony at the Hancock Bank in Gulfport by Virginia Wagner, sister of late Hancock Bank President Leo Seal Jr.; and Roy Anderson III, president and CEO of Roy Anderson Corp. Seal was the first chair of INFINITY Science Center Inc., which has led in development of the project. Roy Anderson Corp. plans to begin construction on the 72,000-square-foot, $28 million science and education center in May. The Mississippi Department of Transportation (MDOT) also is set to begin construction of a $2 million access road to the new center. The April 6 ceremony was attended by numerous officials, including former Stennis Space Center Directors Jerry Hlass and Roy Estess; Mississippi Senate President Pro Tempore Billy Hewes, R-Gulfport; Mississippi Rep. Diane Peranich, D-Pass Christian; and MDOT Southern District Commissioner Wayne Brown.

  19. Mechanobiology of lymphatic contractions.

    PubMed

    Munn, Lance L

    2015-02-01

    The lymphatic system is responsible for controlling tissue fluid pressure by facilitating flow of lymph (i.e. the plasma and cells that enter the lymphatic system). Because lymph contains cells of the immune system, its transport is not only important for fluid homeostasis, but also immune function. Lymph drainage can occur via passive flow or active pumping, and much research has identified the key biochemical and mechanical factors that affect output. Although many studies and reviews have addressed how tissue properties and fluid mechanics (i.e. pressure gradients) affect lymph transport [1-3] there is less known about lymphatic mechanobiology. As opposed to passive mechanical properties, mechanobiology describes the active coupling of mechanical signals and biochemical pathways. Lymphatic vasomotion is the result of a fascinating system affected by mechanical forces exerted by the flowing lymph, including pressure-induced vessel stretch and flow-induced shear stresses. These forces can trigger or modulate biochemical pathways important for controlling the lymphatic contractions. Here, I review the current understanding of lymphatic vessel function, focusing on vessel mechanobiology, and summarize the prospects for a comprehensive understanding that integrates the mechanical and biomechanical control mechanisms in the lymphatic system.

  20. 48 CFR 3443.106 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause. 3443.106 Section 3443.106 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT CONTRACT MODIFICATIONS 3443.106 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall...

  1. 48 CFR 1532.908 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contract clauses. 1532.908 Section 1532.908 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Prompt Payment 1532.908 Contract clauses. The Contracting...

  2. 48 CFR 1516.603 - Letter Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Letter Contracts. 1516.603 Section 1516.603 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Time-and-Materials, Labor-Hour, and Letter Contracts...

  3. 48 CFR 1532.111 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contract clauses. 1532.111 Section 1532.111 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING General 1532.111 Contract clauses. The Contracting Officer...

  4. 29 CFR 4.190 - Contract cancellation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ..., the contract is subject upon written notice to cancellation by the contracting agency, whereupon the... contract is similarly subject upon written notice to immediate cancellation by the contracting agency and... in paragraph (a). Such contract is without warrant of law and has no force and effect and is void...

  5. 7 CFR 1780.61 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Construction contracts. 1780.61 Section 1780.61..., Constructing and Inspections § 1780.61 Construction contracts. Contract documents must be sufficiently.... (a) Standard construction contract documents. If the construction contract documents utilized are...

  6. 25 CFR 502.15 - Management contract.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Management contract. 502.15 Section 502.15 Indians... CHAPTER § 502.15 Management contract. Management contract means any contract, subcontract, or collateral... contract or agreement provides for the management of all or part of a gaming operation....

  7. 25 CFR 502.15 - Management contract.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Management contract. 502.15 Section 502.15 Indians... CHAPTER § 502.15 Management contract. Management contract means any contract, subcontract, or collateral... contract or agreement provides for the management of all or part of a gaming operation....

  8. 25 CFR 502.15 - Management contract.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Management contract. 502.15 Section 502.15 Indians... CHAPTER § 502.15 Management contract. Management contract means any contract, subcontract, or collateral... contract or agreement provides for the management of all or part of a gaming operation....

  9. 48 CFR 317.204 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contracts. 317.204 Section 317.204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 317.204 Contracts. (e) The total of the basic and...

  10. 48 CFR 46.314 - Transportation contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Transportation contracts... MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.314 Transportation contracts. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.246-14, Inspection of Transportation, in solicitations and contracts for...

  11. 48 CFR 46.314 - Transportation contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Transportation contracts... MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.314 Transportation contracts. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.246-14, Inspection of Transportation, in solicitations and contracts for...

  12. 48 CFR 46.314 - Transportation contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Transportation contracts... MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.314 Transportation contracts. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.246-14, Inspection of Transportation, in solicitations and contracts for...

  13. 48 CFR 46.314 - Transportation contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Transportation contracts... MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.314 Transportation contracts. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.246-14, Inspection of Transportation, in solicitations and contracts for...

  14. 48 CFR 46.314 - Transportation contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Transportation contracts... MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.314 Transportation contracts. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.246-14, Inspection of Transportation, in solicitations and contracts for...

  15. 48 CFR 1235.7000 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... OF CONTRACTING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTING Research Misconduct 1235.7000 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at (TAR) 48 CFR 1252.235-70, Research Misconduct, in all solicitations and contracts for research and development. For further information, see...

  16. 48 CFR 46.312 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Construction contracts. 46... MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.312 Construction contracts. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.246-12, Inspection of Construction, in solicitations and contracts...

  17. 7 CFR 631.14 - Contract violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Contract violations. 631.14 Section 631.14 Agriculture... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM Contracts § 631.14 Contract violations. Contract violations, determinations and appeals will be handled in accordance with the terms of...

  18. 7 CFR 631.14 - Contract violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Contract violations. 631.14 Section 631.14 Agriculture... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM Contracts § 631.14 Contract violations. Contract violations, determinations and appeals will be handled in accordance with the terms of...

  19. 7 CFR 631.14 - Contract violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contract violations. 631.14 Section 631.14 Agriculture... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM Contracts § 631.14 Contract violations. Contract violations, determinations and appeals will be handled in accordance with the terms of...

  20. 25 CFR 502.15 - Management contract.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Management contract. 502.15 Section 502.15 Indians... CHAPTER § 502.15 Management contract. Management contract means any contract, subcontract, or collateral... contract or agreement provides for the management of all or part of a gaming operation....

  1. 48 CFR 1235.7000 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... OF CONTRACTING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTING Research Misconduct 1235.7000 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at (TAR) 48 CFR 1252.235-70, Research Misconduct, in all solicitations and contracts for research and development. For further information, see...

  2. 48 CFR 1832.705 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Contract clauses. 1832.705 Section 1832.705 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Contract Funding 1832.705 Contract clauses....

  3. 48 CFR 1832.705 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contract clauses. 1832.705 Section 1832.705 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Contract Funding 1832.705 Contract clauses....

  4. 48 CFR 1832.705 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contract clauses. 1832.705 Section 1832.705 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Contract Funding 1832.705 Contract clauses....

  5. 48 CFR 1832.705 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Contract clauses. 1832.705 Section 1832.705 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Contract Funding 1832.705 Contract clauses....

  6. 48 CFR 1832.705 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Contract clauses. 1832.705 Section 1832.705 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Contract Funding 1832.705 Contract clauses....

  7. 48 CFR 1817.204 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... discuss planned future assessment of continued performance either prior to exercise of options or at the... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 1817.204 Contracts. (e)(i) The 5-year limitation (basic plus option periods) applies to all NASA contracts regardless of type and...

  8. 48 CFR 546.312 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Construction contracts... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 546.312 Construction contracts. Insert the clause at 552.246-72, Final Inspection and Tests, in solicitations and contracts for construction that...

  9. 7 CFR 1780.61 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Construction contracts. 1780.61 Section 1780.61..., Constructing and Inspections § 1780.61 Construction contracts. Contract documents must be sufficiently.... (a) Standard construction contract documents. If the construction contract documents utilized are...

  10. 7 CFR 1780.61 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Construction contracts. 1780.61 Section 1780.61..., Constructing and Inspections § 1780.61 Construction contracts. Contract documents must be sufficiently.... (a) Standard construction contract documents. If the construction contract documents utilized are...

  11. 48 CFR 546.312 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Construction contracts... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 546.312 Construction contracts. Insert the clause at 552.246-72, Final Inspection and Tests, in solicitations and contracts for construction that...

  12. 48 CFR 46.312 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Construction contracts. 46... MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.312 Construction contracts. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.246-12, Inspection of Construction, in solicitations and contracts...

  13. 48 CFR 46.312 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Construction contracts. 46... MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.312 Construction contracts. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.246-12, Inspection of Construction, in solicitations and contracts...

  14. 48 CFR 546.312 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Construction contracts... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 546.312 Construction contracts. Insert the clause at 552.246-72, Final Inspection and Tests, in solicitations and contracts for construction that...

  15. 48 CFR 546.312 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Construction contracts... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 546.312 Construction contracts. Insert the clause at 552.246-72, Final Inspection and Tests, in solicitations and contracts for construction that...

  16. 7 CFR 1780.61 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Construction contracts. 1780.61 Section 1780.61..., Constructing and Inspections § 1780.61 Construction contracts. Contract documents must be sufficiently.... (a) Standard construction contract documents. If the construction contract documents utilized are...

  17. 48 CFR 46.312 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Construction contracts. 46... MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 46.312 Construction contracts. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.246-12, Inspection of Construction, in solicitations and contracts...

  18. Active contraction of microtubule networks

    PubMed Central

    Foster, Peter J; Fürthauer, Sebastian; Shelley, Michael J; Needleman, Daniel J

    2015-01-01

    Many cellular processes are driven by cytoskeletal assemblies. It remains unclear how cytoskeletal filaments and motor proteins organize into cellular scale structures and how molecular properties of cytoskeletal components affect the large-scale behaviors of these systems. Here, we investigate the self-organization of stabilized microtubules in Xenopus oocyte extracts and find that they can form macroscopic networks that spontaneously contract. We propose that these contractions are driven by the clustering of microtubule minus ends by dynein. Based on this idea, we construct an active fluid theory of network contractions, which predicts a dependence of the timescale of contraction on initial network geometry, a development of density inhomogeneities during contraction, a constant final network density, and a strong influence of dynein inhibition on the rate of contraction, all in quantitative agreement with experiments. These results demonstrate that the motor-driven clustering of filament ends is a generic mechanism leading to contraction. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.10837.001 PMID:26701905

  19. 48 CFR 35.006 - Contracting methods and contract type.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... contracts as designs become more firmly established, risks are reduced, and production tooling, equipment... cost estimate for price negotiations. (See 16.207.) (e) Projects having production requirements as...

  20. 48 CFR 35.006 - Contracting methods and contract type.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... contracts as designs become more firmly established, risks are reduced, and production tooling, equipment... cost estimate for price negotiations. (See 16.207.) (e) Projects having production requirements as...

  1. 48 CFR 35.006 - Contracting methods and contract type.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... contracts as designs become more firmly established, risks are reduced, and production tooling, equipment... cost estimate for price negotiations. (See 16.207.) (e) Projects having production requirements as...

  2. 48 CFR 35.006 - Contracting methods and contract type.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... contracts as designs become more firmly established, risks are reduced, and production tooling, equipment... cost estimate for price negotiations. (See 16.207.) (e) Projects having production requirements as...

  3. 48 CFR 35.006 - Contracting methods and contract type.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... contracts as designs become more firmly established, risks are reduced, and production tooling, equipment... cost estimate for price negotiations. (See 16.207.) (e) Projects having production requirements as...

  4. 77 FR 54937 - International Mail Postal Contract

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-06

    ... (2) asks the Commission to include the new contract within the International Business Reply Service... Functionally Equivalent International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 3 Negotiated Settlement... COMMISSION International Mail Postal Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice....

  5. 77 FR 76091 - International Mail Contract

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-26

    ... an expired International Business Reply Service (IBRS) competitive contract.\\1\\ The Postal Service... history. The Commission added International Business Reply Service Contract 1 to the competitive product... International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission...

  6. Utility Energy Services Contracts: Enabling Documents

    SciTech Connect

    2009-05-01

    Utility Energy Services Contracts: Enabling Documents provides materials that clarify the authority for Federal agencies to enter into utility energy services contracts (UESCs), as well as sample documents and resources to ease utility partnership contracting.

  7. 48 CFR 8.1103 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... PLANNING REQUIRED SOURCES OF SUPPLIES AND SERVICES Leasing of Motor Vehicles 8.1103 Contract requirements. Contracting officers shall include the following items in each contract for leasing motor vehicles: (a) Scope... services....

  8. 48 CFR 8.1103 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... PLANNING REQUIRED SOURCES OF SUPPLIES AND SERVICES Leasing of Motor Vehicles 8.1103 Contract requirements. Contracting officers shall include the following items in each contract for leasing motor vehicles: (a) Scope... services....

  9. 14 CFR 1274.508 - Contract administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., conditions and specifications of the contract. ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contract administration. 1274.508 Section... WITH COMMERCIAL FIRMS Procurement Standards § 1274.508 Contract administration. A system for...

  10. 48 CFR 871.212 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS LOAN GUARANTY AND VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Service 871.212 Contract clauses. Contracting officers must use the following clauses, as appropriate, in solicitations and contracts for vocational rehabilitation and...

  11. 48 CFR 871.212 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS LOAN GUARANTY AND VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Service 871.212 Contract clauses. Contracting officers must use the following clauses, as appropriate, in solicitations and contracts for vocational rehabilitation and...

  12. 7 CFR 1469.21 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS CONSERVATION SECURITY PROGRAM Contracts and... conservation stewardship contract and comply with its provisions. Among other provisions, the participant... payments from one conservation stewardship contract. (c) CSP participants must address the...

  13. 7 CFR 1469.21 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS CONSERVATION SECURITY PROGRAM Contracts and... conservation stewardship contract and comply with its provisions. Among other provisions, the participant... payments from one conservation stewardship contract. (c) CSP participants must address the...

  14. 7 CFR 1469.21 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS CONSERVATION SECURITY PROGRAM Contracts and... conservation stewardship contract and comply with its provisions. Among other provisions, the participant... payments from one conservation stewardship contract. (c) CSP participants must address the...

  15. Contracts in radiology practices: contract types and key provisions.

    PubMed

    Muroff, Julie A; Muroff, Lawrence R

    2004-07-01

    A contract between a radiology group and its physician member(s) provides the foundation for the professional relationships in a group practice. The parties are not in positions of parity; contract provisions are structured to maintain the primacy of the group over the individual members. An integration clause should be included to preclude reliance on communications that are not memorialized by the language of the contract. Precise, unambiguous terms must be used to convey the intentions of the parties. The contract should have a clear date of initiation and, if applicable, an effective date of termination. Mechanisms for termination and modification should be expressed clearly to minimize the risk of judicial interference. The method of determining and adjusting the salary and other benefits of the radiologist should be stated, as consideration is necessary to support the existence of a legal contract. The obligations of the radiologist to the practice are often stated in general terms to maximize the group's flexibility. Finally, other key clauses that are discussed in the paper should be incorporated into the contract.

  16. 42 CFR 434.10 - Contracts with fiscal agents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS CONTRACTS Contracts with Fiscal Agents and Private Nonmedical Institutions § 434.10 Contracts with fiscal agents. Contracts with fiscal agents must— (a) Meet...

  17. 42 CFR 434.10 - Contracts with fiscal agents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS CONTRACTS Contracts with Fiscal Agents and Private Nonmedical Institutions § 434.10 Contracts with fiscal agents. Contracts with fiscal agents must— (a) Meet...

  18. 42 CFR 434.10 - Contracts with fiscal agents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS CONTRACTS Contracts with Fiscal Agents and Private Nonmedical Institutions § 434.10 Contracts with fiscal agents. Contracts with fiscal agents must— (a) Meet...

  19. 48 CFR 1315.209 - Solicitation provisions and contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... COMMERCE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and Information 1315.209 Solicitation provisions and contract clauses. The designee authorized...

  20. Fairness and Transparency in Contracting Act of 2011

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Rep. Johnson, Henry C. "Hank," Jr. [D-GA-4

    2011-10-13

    11/02/2011 Referred to the Subcommittee on Technology, Information Policy, Intergovernmental Relations and Procurement Reform . (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  1. Fix United States Government Contracting Deficit with China Act

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Rep. Kildee, Dale E. [D-MI-5

    2011-01-20

    02/08/2011 Referred to the Subcommittee on Technology, Information Policy, Intergovernmental Relations and Procurement Reform . (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  2. [Patient safety in management contracts].

    PubMed

    Campillo-Artero, C

    2012-01-01

    Patient safety is becoming commonplace in management contracts. Since our experience in patient safety still falls short of other clinical areas, it is advisable to review some of its characteristics in order to improve its inclusion in these contracts. In this paper opinions and recommendations concerning the design and review of contractual clauses on safety are given, as well as reflections drawn from methodological papers and informal opinions of clinicians, who are most familiar with the nuances of safe and unsafe practices. After reviewing some features of these contracts, criteria for prioritizing and including safety objectives and activities in them, and key points for their evaluation are described. The need to replace isolated activities by systemic and multifaceted ones is emphasized. Errors, limitations and improvement opportunities observed when contracts are linked to indicators, information and adverse event reporting systems are analysed. Finally, the influence of the rules of the game, and clinicians behaviour are emphasised.

  3. Smooth Sailing with Contract Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fickes, Michael

    2001-01-01

    Discusses how to make the contract services relationship work smoothly for educational facilities. Covers topics of food, child care, and transportation services, along with a brief explanation of the benefits of outsourcing on-campus amenities. (GR)

  4. Commerical Remote Sensing Data Contract

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    ,

    2005-01-01

    The U. S. Geological Survey's (USGS) Commercial Remote Sensing Data Contracts (CRSDCs) provide government agencies with access to a broad range of commercially available remotely sensed airborne and satellite data. These contracts were established to support The National Map partners, other Federal Civilian agency programs, and Department of Defense programs that require data for the United States and its territories. Experience shows that centralized procurement of remotely sensed data leads to considerable cost savings to the Federal government through volume discounts, reduction of redundant contract administrative costs, and avoidance of duplicate purchases. These contracts directly support the President's Commercial Remote Sensing Space Policy, signed in 2003, by providing a centralized mechanism for civil agencies to acquire commercial remote sensing products to support their mission needs in an efficient and coordinated way. CRSDC administration is provided by the USGS Mid-Continent Mapping Center in Rolla, Missouri.

  5. 48 CFR 1809.670 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... COMPETITION AND ACQUISITION PLANNING CONTRACTOR QUALIFICATIONS Contractor Team Arrangements 1809.670 Contract... solicitations and contracts to clarify a contractor team arrangement where the prime contractor consists of...

  6. 48 CFR 801.602 - Contracting officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Career Development, Contracting Authority, and... contracting authority. (7) Manage and enhance career development of the procurement work force. (8)...

  7. 48 CFR 801.602 - Contracting officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM Career Development, Contracting Authority, and... contracting authority. (7) Manage and enhance career development of the procurement work force. (8)...

  8. 24 CFR 241.605 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Purchase and Installation of Energy Conserving Improvements, Solar Energy Systems, and Individual Utility... plus contract. Either form of contract shall include the cost of the energy conserving...

  9. 24 CFR 241.605 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Purchase and Installation of Energy Conserving Improvements, Solar Energy Systems, and Individual Utility... plus contract. Either form of contract shall include the cost of the energy conserving...

  10. 24 CFR 241.605 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Purchase and Installation of Energy Conserving Improvements, Solar Energy Systems, and Individual Utility... plus contract. Either form of contract shall include the cost of the energy conserving...

  11. 24 CFR 241.605 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Purchase and Installation of Energy Conserving Improvements, Solar Energy Systems, and Individual Utility... plus contract. Either form of contract shall include the cost of the energy conserving...

  12. 24 CFR 241.605 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Purchase and Installation of Energy Conserving Improvements, Solar Energy Systems, and Individual Utility... plus contract. Either form of contract shall include the cost of the energy conserving...

  13. Maximising value from PFI contracts.

    PubMed

    Prosser, Karen; Gates, Russell

    2012-05-01

    Against a backdrop where the Coalition Government has said more 'value' needs to be squeezed out of existing healthcare PFI projects, Karen Prosser, head of the health sector team at built asset consultancy, EC Harris, and Russell Gates, one of the company's partners on the same team, set out some of the key elements that NHS Trusts with operational PFI contracts should consider when undertaking a contract savings review.

  14. Managing the risks of extreme events and disasters to advance climate change adaptation. Special report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

    SciTech Connect

    Field, C.B.; Barros, V.; Stocker, T.F.

    2012-07-01

    This Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation (SREX) has been jointly coordinated by Working Groups I (WGI) and II (WGII) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The report focuses on the relationship between climate change and extreme weather and climate events, the impacts of such events, and the strategies to manage the associated risks. This Special Report, in particular, contributes to frame the challenge of dealing with extreme weather and climate events as an issue in decision making under uncertainty, analyzing response in the context of risk management. The report consists of nine chapters, covering risk management; observed and projected changes in extreme weather and climate events; exposure and vulnerability to as well as losses resulting from such events; adaptation options from the local to the international scale; the role of sustainable development in modulating risks; and insights from specific case studies. (LN)

  15. 48 CFR 1529.401 - Domestic contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Domestic contracts. 1529.401 Section 1529.401 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS TAXES Contract Clauses 1529.401 Domestic contracts....

  16. 48 CFR 1847.7001 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT TRANSPORTATION Protection of the Florida Manatee 1847.7001 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 1852.247-71, Protection of the Florida Manatee, in... the contract will involve use of waterways inhabited by manatees. The clause shall also be included...

  17. 48 CFR 1847.7001 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT TRANSPORTATION Protection of the Florida Manatee 1847.7001 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 1852.247-71, Protection of the Florida Manatee, in... the contract will involve use of waterways inhabited by manatees. The clause shall also be included...

  18. 48 CFR 1847.7001 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT TRANSPORTATION Protection of the Florida Manatee 1847.7001 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 1852.247-71, Protection of the Florida Manatee, in... the contract will involve use of waterways inhabited by manatees. The clause shall also be included...

  19. 48 CFR 1847.7001 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT TRANSPORTATION Protection of the Florida Manatee 1847.7001 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 1852.247-71, Protection of the Florida Manatee, in... the contract will involve use of waterways inhabited by manatees. The clause shall also be included...

  20. 48 CFR 1847.7001 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT TRANSPORTATION Protection of the Florida Manatee 1847.7001 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 1852.247-71, Protection of the Florida Manatee, in... the contract will involve use of waterways inhabited by manatees. The clause shall also be included...

  1. 48 CFR 13.404 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... AND CONTRACT TYPES SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES Fast Payment Procedure 13.404 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.213-1, Fast Payment Procedure, in solicitations and contracts when the conditions in 13.402 are applicable and it is intended that the fast...

  2. 48 CFR 13.404 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... AND CONTRACT TYPES SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES Fast Payment Procedure 13.404 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.213-1, Fast Payment Procedure, in solicitations and contracts when the conditions in 13.402 are applicable and it is intended that the fast...

  3. 48 CFR 13.404 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... AND CONTRACT TYPES SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES Fast Payment Procedure 13.404 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.213-1, Fast Payment Procedure, in solicitations and contracts when the conditions in 13.402 are applicable and it is intended that the fast...

  4. 48 CFR 13.404 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... AND CONTRACT TYPES SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES Fast Payment Procedure 13.404 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.213-1, Fast Payment Procedure, in solicitations and contracts when the conditions in 13.402 are applicable and it is intended that the fast...

  5. 48 CFR 13.404 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... AND CONTRACT TYPES SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES Fast Payment Procedure 13.404 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.213-1, Fast Payment Procedure, in solicitations and contracts when the conditions in 13.402 are applicable and it is intended that the fast...

  6. 48 CFR 745.106 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... MANAGEMENT GOVERNMENT PROPERTY General 745.106 Contract clauses. (a) The contracting officer shall insert the... and the contract funds were obligated under a Strategic Objective agreement (or similar agreement... required in (48 CFR) FAR 45.106 in all contracts under which the contractor will acquire property...

  7. 48 CFR 30.201 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS ADMINISTRATION CAS Program Requirements 30.201 Contract requirements. Title 48 CFR 9903.201-1 (FAR appendix) describes the rules for determining whether a proposed contract or subcontract is exempt from CAS. Negotiated contracts not exempt in accordance with 48 CFR...

  8. 24 CFR 242.52 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Construction contracts. 242.52... MORTGAGE INSURANCE FOR HOSPITALS Construction § 242.52 Construction contracts. (a) Awarding of contract. A contract for the construction or substantial rehabilitation of a hospital shall be entered into by...

  9. 7 CFR 250.53 - Contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... CFR part 250; (9) Assurance that the food service management company will comply with the storage and... Management Companies § 250.53 Contract provisions. (a) Required contract provisions in fixed-price contracts... recipient agency's fixed-price contract with a food service management company. Such provisions must also...

  10. 7 CFR 250.53 - Contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... CFR part 250; (9) Assurance that the food service management company will comply with the storage and... Management Companies § 250.53 Contract provisions. (a) Required contract provisions in fixed-price contracts... recipient agency's fixed-price contract with a food service management company. Such provisions must also...

  11. 48 CFR 3402.201 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... GENERAL DEFINITIONS OF WORDS AND TERMS Definitions Clause 3402.201 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause in 3452.202-1, Definitions, in all solicitations and contracts in lieu of the clause in FAR 52.202-1, except— (a) A fixed-price research and development contract that...

  12. 48 CFR 846.710 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 846.710 Section 846.710 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Warranties 846.710 Contract clauses. The contracting officer shall insert the clause...

  13. 48 CFR 546.710 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause. 546.710 Section 546.710 Federal Acquisition Regulations System GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Warranties 546.710 Contract clause. The Contracting officer shall insert the clause...

  14. 48 CFR 3016.406 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ....406 Contract clauses. (e)(1)(i) The contracting officer shall insert a clause substantially the same as (HSAR) 48 CFR 3052.216-71, Determination of Award Fee, in solicitations and contracts that include... CFR 3052.216-72, Performance Evaluation Plan, in all solicitations and contracts that include an...

  15. 48 CFR 1427.303 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clauses. 1427.303 Section 1427.303 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Patent Rights Under Government Contracts. 1427.303 Contract...

  16. 32 CFR 169a.10 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Contracts. 169a.10 Section 169a.10 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DEFENSE CONTRACTING COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES PROGRAM PROCEDURES Procedures § 169a.10 Contracts. When contract cost becomes unreasonable or...

  17. 32 CFR 169a.10 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Contracts. 169a.10 Section 169a.10 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DEFENSE CONTRACTING COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES PROGRAM PROCEDURES Procedures § 169a.10 Contracts. When contract cost becomes unreasonable or...

  18. 48 CFR 204.802 - Contract files.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract files. 204.802... OF DEFENSE GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Contract Files 204.802 Contract files. Official contract files shall consist of— (1) Only original, authenticated or conformed copies of contractual...

  19. 48 CFR 415.204 - Contract format.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract format. 415.204 Section 415.204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and Information...

  20. 48 CFR 1315.204 - Contract format.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract format. 1315.204 Section 1315.204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and Information...

  1. 48 CFR 515.204 - Contract format.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract format. 515.204 Section 515.204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and...

  2. 48 CFR 615.204 - Contract format.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract format. 615.204 Section 615.204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF STATE CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and Information...

  3. 48 CFR 15.204 - Contract format.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract format. 15.204 Section 15.204 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and Information...

  4. 48 CFR 232.7004 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... OF DEFENSE GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Electronic Submission and Processing of Payment Requests and Receiving Reports 232.7004 Contract clause. Except as provided in 232.7002(a... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause....

  5. 48 CFR 36.609 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contract clauses. 36.609 Section 36.609 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Services 36.609 Contract clauses....

  6. 48 CFR 436.609 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contract clauses. 436.609 Section 436.609 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Architect-Engineer Service 436.609 Contract clauses....

  7. 7 CFR 634.25 - Contracting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... participant must enter into an RCWP contract to treat water quality problems not covered by the joint... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING RURAL CLEAN WATER PROGRAM Participant RCWP Contracts § 634.25 Contracting... agrees to apply his or her water-quality plan. Any person who controls, or shares control, of the...

  8. 48 CFR 936.7101 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Construction contracts... CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Inspection and Acceptance 936.7101 Construction contracts. (a) Inspection services may be performed by the architect-engineer responsible for...

  9. 24 CFR 242.52 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Construction contracts. 242.52... MORTGAGE INSURANCE FOR HOSPITALS Construction § 242.52 Construction contracts. (a) Awarding of contract. A contract for the construction or substantial rehabilitation of a hospital shall be entered into by...

  10. 48 CFR 846.312 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Construction contracts... MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 846.312 Construction contracts. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 852.236-74, 852.236-74, Inspection of construction, in solicitations and...

  11. 31 CFR 575.326 - Executory contract.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Executory contract. 575.326 Section 575.326 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF....326 Executory contract. The term executory contract means a contract which cannot be...

  12. 7 CFR 631.14 - Contract violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Contract violations. 631.14 Section 631.14 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM Contracts § 631.14 Contract...

  13. 7 CFR 631.10 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Contracts. 631.10 Section 631.10 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM Contracts § 631.10 Contracts. (a)...

  14. 7 CFR 631.10 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contracts. 631.10 Section 631.10 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM Contracts § 631.10 Contracts. (a)...

  15. 7 CFR 631.10 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Contracts. 631.10 Section 631.10 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM Contracts § 631.10 Contracts. (a)...

  16. 7 CFR 631.10 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Contracts. 631.10 Section 631.10 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM Contracts § 631.10 Contracts. (a)...

  17. 7 CFR 631.14 - Contract violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Contract violations. 631.14 Section 631.14 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING GREAT PLAINS CONSERVATION PROGRAM Contracts § 631.14 Contract...

  18. 48 CFR 2439.107 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Contract clauses. 2439.107 Section 2439.107 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 2439.107 Contract clauses. (a) The contracting officer shall insert...

  19. 48 CFR 2446.710 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Performance Specifications or Design Criteria, whenever it is in the Government's interest. ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contract clauses. 2446.710... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Warranties 2446.710 Contract clauses. (c)(1) The contracting...

  20. 48 CFR 745.106 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... MANAGEMENT GOVERNMENT PROPERTY General 745.106 Contract clauses. (a) The contracting officer shall insert the... and the contract funds were obligated under a Strategic Objective agreement (or similar agreement... required in (48 CFR) FAR 45.106 in all contracts under which the contractor will acquire property...

  1. 48 CFR 745.106 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... MANAGEMENT GOVERNMENT PROPERTY General 745.106 Contract clauses. (a) The contracting officer shall insert the... and the contract funds were obligated under a Strategic Objective agreement (or similar agreement... required in (48 CFR) FAR 45.106 in all contracts under which the contractor will acquire property...

  2. 48 CFR 745.106 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... MANAGEMENT GOVERNMENT PROPERTY General 745.106 Contract clauses. (a) The contracting officer shall insert the... and the contract funds were obligated under a Strategic Objective agreement (or similar agreement... required in (48 CFR) FAR 45.106 in all contracts under which the contractor will acquire property...

  3. 48 CFR 745.106 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... MANAGEMENT GOVERNMENT PROPERTY General 745.106 Contract clauses. (a) The contracting officer shall insert the... and the contract funds were obligated under a Strategic Objective agreement (or similar agreement... required in (48 CFR) FAR 45.106 in all contracts under which the contractor will acquire property...

  4. 48 CFR 30.201 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS ADMINISTRATION CAS Program Requirements 30.201 Contract requirements. Title 48 CFR 9903.201-1 (FAR appendix) describes the rules for determining whether a proposed contract or subcontract is exempt from CAS. Negotiated contracts not exempt in accordance with 48 CFR...

  5. 48 CFR 927.303 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS Patent Rights Under Government Contracts 927.303 Contract clauses... (but see (FAR) 48 CFR 27.304-3 regarding contracts for construction work or architect-engineer services... Government, in all such contracts other than those described in paragraphs (a)(2) and (a)(3) of this...

  6. 36 CFR 1008.8 - Government contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true Government contracts. 1008.8 Section 1008.8 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PRESIDIO TRUST REQUESTS UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT § 1008.8 Government contracts. (a) Required contract provisions. When a contract provides for the operation by or...

  7. 36 CFR 1008.8 - Government contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Government contracts. 1008.8 Section 1008.8 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PRESIDIO TRUST REQUESTS UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT § 1008.8 Government contracts. (a) Required contract provisions. When a contract provides for the operation by or...

  8. 36 CFR 1008.8 - Government contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Government contracts. 1008.8 Section 1008.8 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PRESIDIO TRUST REQUESTS UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT § 1008.8 Government contracts. (a) Required contract provisions. When a contract provides for the operation by or...

  9. 36 CFR 1008.8 - Government contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Government contracts. 1008.8 Section 1008.8 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PRESIDIO TRUST REQUESTS UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT § 1008.8 Government contracts. (a) Required contract provisions. When a contract provides for the operation by or...

  10. 36 CFR 1008.8 - Government contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Government contracts. 1008.8 Section 1008.8 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PRESIDIO TRUST REQUESTS UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT § 1008.8 Government contracts. (a) Required contract provisions. When a contract provides for the operation by or...

  11. 48 CFR 546.312 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Construction contracts. 546.312 Section 546.312 Federal Acquisition Regulations System GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 546.312 Construction contracts. Insert the clause...

  12. 24 CFR 242.52 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Construction contracts. 242.52... MORTGAGE INSURANCE FOR HOSPITALS Construction § 242.52 Construction contracts. (a) Awarding of contract. A contract for the construction or substantial rehabilitation of a hospital shall be entered into by...

  13. 48 CFR 936.7101 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Construction contracts... CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS Inspection and Acceptance 936.7101 Construction contracts. (a) Inspection services may be performed by the architect-engineer responsible for...

  14. 48 CFR 846.312 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Construction contracts... MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Clauses 846.312 Construction contracts. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 852.236-74, 852.236-74, Inspection of construction, in solicitations and...

  15. 24 CFR 242.52 - Construction contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Construction contracts. 242.52... MORTGAGE INSURANCE FOR HOSPITALS Construction § 242.52 Construction contracts. (a) Awarding of contract. A contract for the construction or substantial rehabilitation of a hospital shall be entered into by...

  16. Psychological contracts of hospice nurses.

    PubMed

    Jones, Audrey Elizabeth; Sambrook, Sally

    2010-12-01

    Psychological contracts have been described as individuals' beliefs regarding the obligations, expectations, and contributions that exist between them and their employer. They can be influenced by the organization's culture and philosophy, through human resources policies, and through the employee's personality and characteristics. Owing to the recent economic crisis, hospices in the UK are currently in a transitional phase and are being expected to demonstrate efficiencies that might be more in line with a business model than a health-care environment. This may conflict with the philosophical views of hospice nurses. To support nurses through this transition, it might be helpful to understand the antecedents of hospice nurses' behaviour and how they construct their psychological contracts. Failure to offer adequate support might lead to negative outcomes such as a desire to leave the organisation, poorer quality work, or disruptive behaviour. This study used a modified grounded theory approach involving in-depth interviews to explore the context and content of the psychological contracts of hospice nurses in the UK. Four main themes emerged: the types of psychological contracts formed, how the contracts are formed, their contents, and the breaches and potential violations the nurses perceive. PMID:21240104

  17. State and Local Governments: Fiscal Pressures Could Have Implications for Future Delivery of Intergovernmental Programs. Report to the Ranking Member, Committee on the Budget, House of Representatives. GAO-10-899

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Czerwinski, Stanley J.

    2010-01-01

    State and local governments work in partnership with the federal government to implement numerous intergovernmental programs. Fiscal pressures for state and local governments may exist when spending is expected to outpace revenues for the long term. GAO (Government Accountability Office) was asked to examine (1) the long-term fiscal pressures…

  18. Managing the Federal Direct Student Loan Program. Hearing before the Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations. House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session (June 10, 1993).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

    The House Subcommittee on Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations met to hear testimony from leaders in government and higher education on managing the federal direct student loan program. Focus was on the Department of Education's plans to correct existing management problems of the Guaranteed Student Loan Program and implement the…

  19. Incentive contracts for development projects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Finley, David T.; Smith, Byron; DeGroff, B.

    2012-09-01

    Finding a contract vehicle that balances the concerns of the customer and the contractor in a development project can be difficult. The customer wants a low price and an early delivery, with as few surprises as possible as the project progresses. The contractor wants sufficient cost and schedule to cover risk. Both want to clearly define what each party will provide. Many program offices do not want to award cost plus contracts because their funding sources will not allow it, their boards do not want an open ended commitment, and they feel like they lose financial control of the project. A fixed price incentive contract, with a mutually agreed upon target cost, provides the owner with visibility into the project and input into the execution of the project, encourages both parties to save costs, and stimulates a collaborative atmosphere by aligning the respective interests of customers and contractors.

  20. 24 CFR 983.206 - HAP contract amendments (to add or substitute contract units).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false HAP contract amendments (to add or... Contract § 983.206 HAP contract amendments (to add or substitute contract units). (a) Amendment to... substitute unit and must determine the reasonable rent for such unit. (b) Amendment to add contract units....

  1. 24 CFR 983.206 - HAP contract amendments (to add or substitute contract units).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false HAP contract amendments (to add or... Contract § 983.206 HAP contract amendments (to add or substitute contract units). (a) Amendment to... substitute unit and must determine the reasonable rent for such unit. (b) Amendment to add contract units....

  2. 78 FR 13706 - Public Availability of FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory Analysis, FY 2012 Service Contract...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-28

    ... COMMISSION Public Availability of FY 2011 Service Contract Inventory Analysis, FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory, and FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory Planned Analysis for the U.S. International Trade... Service Contract Inventory Analysis, the FY 2012 Service Contract Inventory, and the FY 2012...

  3. 17 CFR Appendix B to Part 43 - Enumerated Physical Commodity Contracts and Other Contracts

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Contracts and Other Contracts B Appendix B to Part 43 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES... Commodity Contracts and Other Contracts Enumerated Physical Commodity Contracts Agriculture ICE Futures U.S. Cocoa ICE Futures U.S. Coffee C Chicago Board of Trade Corn ICE Futures U.S. Cotton No. 2 ICE Futures...

  4. 48 CFR 1335.006 - Contracting methods and contract type.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... research involving human subjects to be carried out in performance of the award is exempt from15 CFR Part... Subjects, that the research involving human subjects is not exempt from the requirements of 15 CFR Part 27... contract type. 1335.006 Section 1335.006 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF...

  5. To Contract or Not to Contract Is Not the Question.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rush, Sean C.; And Others

    1994-01-01

    A 10-step process is outlined for college decision makers assessing the feasibility of self-operation, contract management, or some combination of these for management of a specific service or function. The role of the governing board in decision making and acceptance of ultimate responsibility for success is also discussed. (MSE)

  6. 48 CFR 616.203-4 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Fixed-Price Contracts 616.203-4 Contract clauses. Contracting... maintenance, and gardening). Posts shall obtain A/OPE approval for any price adjustment clause that...

  7. 48 CFR 232.703 - Contract funding requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Contract funding... SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Contract Funding 232.703 Contract funding requirements....

  8. Contraction-Only Exercise Machine

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Doerr, Donald F.; Maples, Arthur B.; Campbell, Craig M.

    1992-01-01

    Standard knee-extension machine modified so subject experiences force only when lifting leg against stack of weights. Exerts little force on leg while being lowered. Hydraulic cylinder and reservoir mounted on frame of exercise machine. Fluid flows freely from cylinder to reservoir during contraction (lifting) but in constricted fashion from reservoir to cylinder during extension (lowering).

  9. There's Gold in Those Contracts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diaz, Russell

    2009-01-01

    In 2006, when the author joined the staff at Dominican College (New York), he discovered that the network, computers, and IT contracts were in sorry shape. He also found that this kind of condition is common in small colleges. Such a state of affairs is usually brought about by the unrelenting demands placed on small IT staffs. IT staffers at…

  10. CONTRACT DOCUMENTS AND PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATIONS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    First California Commission on School Construction Systems, Palo Alto.

    A SET OF EDUCATIONAL SPECIFICATION DRAFTED BY THE FIRST CALIFORNIA COMMISSION ON SCHOOL CONSTRUCTION SYSTEMS GIVES INFORMATION ON BIDDING PROCEDURES, A DESCRIPTION OF THE CURRENT CONSTRUCTION PROGRAM, PROCEDURES FOR SUBMITTING A PROPOSAL, DATA AND CONDITIONS RELATED TO THE DEVELOPMENT PHASE OF THE PROJECT, COMPONENT CONTRACTS, AND GENERAL…

  11. SSC Test Operations Contract Overview

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kleim, Kerry D.

    2010-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the Test Operations Contract at the Stennis Space Center (SSC). There are views of the test stands layouts, and closer views of the test stands. There are descriptions of the test stand capabilities, some of the other test complexes, the Cryogenic propellant storage facility, the High Pressure Industrial Water (HPIW) facility, and Fluid Component Processing Facility (FCPF).

  12. Jazzing up the Psychological Contract

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartley, Nell Tabor

    2010-01-01

    Helping students and practitioners to understand and utilize the Psychological Contract is often a difficult task. Unlike fault-finding research, this paper presents the PC as a positive, vibrant and valuable tool. In an effort to make the concept less elusive, the paper draws upon the metaphor of jazz. The metaphor is an accepted tool of…

  13. Dynamics of contracting viscoelastic filaments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harris, Michael; Appathurai, Santosh; Bhat, Pradeep; Basaran, Osman

    2009-11-01

    Satellite drops are detrimental to many industrial applications involving the formation of viscoelastic drops including inkjet printing, DNA microarraying, and printing of flexible solar cells. The precursor to these satellite drops is a slender liquid filament that connects an about-to-form drop to the rest of the liquid in the nozzle. Once a filament is formed, it contracts due to surface tension. A filament may undergo further breakup during recoil. Whereas the contraction of Newtonian filaments in a passive ambient fluid is well understood (Schulkes 1996 and Notz and Basaran 2004), the contraction dynamics of viscoelastic filaments remains largely unexplored and is addressed in this presentation. Here the filament shape is idealized as an axisymmetric fluid cylinder terminated by hemispherical end-caps, and the conformation tensor formalism (Pasquali & Scriven 2002) is used to model the viscoelasticity. The dynamics of contracting filaments are then analyzed by means of both a well-benchmarked two-dimensional finite element algorithm (Notz et al. 2001, Chen et al. 2002) and a one-dimensional slender-jet algorithm (Padgett et al. 1996). Regions of the parameter space are identified where recoiling filaments give rise to either a single satellite drop or multiple satellites.

  14. Guide to coal contracts 1989

    SciTech Connect

    Glass, J.; Linden, M.

    1989-01-01

    The material in this book derives from the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) and Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Form 423 data. PURPA requires FERC to monitor every two years the fuel-purchasing practices of those utilities under PURPA jurisdiction - that is, those utilities producing electricity for wholesale distribution. This includes most investor-owned utilities in the U.S. In addition, FERC requires all utilities to report monthly fuel purchases on Form 423's. The first section covers investor-owned utilities' contracts in effect during the period 1986-1987 and gives for those years the f.o.b. mines and delivered prices, contract specifications, quality as delivered, contract signature and expiration dates, the means and cost of transportation, names of the coal seam, and leaseholder and owner of mining equipment. The second section contains limited information on utilities not covered by PURPA. This section, based on summaries of FERC Form 423 data provided by RDI Inc.'s COALDAT Marketing Report, includes contracts in effect at the end of 1987 for 49 municipals and cooperatives and the Tennessee Valley Authority.

  15. 48 CFR 16.403 - Fixed-price incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Fixed-price incentive... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.403 Fixed-price incentive contracts. (a) Description. A fixed-price incentive contract is a fixed-price contract that provides...

  16. 48 CFR 16.204 - Fixed-price incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Fixed-price incentive... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Fixed-Price Contracts 16.204 Fixed-price incentive contracts. A fixed-price incentive contract is a fixed-price contract that provides for adjusting profit...

  17. 48 CFR 16.204 - Fixed-price incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Fixed-price incentive... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Fixed-Price Contracts 16.204 Fixed-price incentive contracts. A fixed-price incentive contract is a fixed-price contract that provides for adjusting profit...

  18. 48 CFR 16.204 - Fixed-price incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Fixed-price incentive... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Fixed-Price Contracts 16.204 Fixed-price incentive contracts. A fixed-price incentive contract is a fixed-price contract that provides for adjusting profit...

  19. 48 CFR 16.403 - Fixed-price incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Fixed-price incentive... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.403 Fixed-price incentive contracts. (a) Description. A fixed-price incentive contract is a fixed-price contract that provides...

  20. 48 CFR 16.204 - Fixed-price incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Fixed-price incentive... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Fixed-Price Contracts 16.204 Fixed-price incentive contracts. A fixed-price incentive contract is a fixed-price contract that provides for adjusting profit...

  1. 48 CFR 16.204 - Fixed-price incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fixed-price incentive... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Fixed-Price Contracts 16.204 Fixed-price incentive contracts. A fixed-price incentive contract is a fixed-price contract that provides for adjusting profit...

  2. 48 CFR 16.403 - Fixed-price incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Fixed-price incentive... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.403 Fixed-price incentive contracts. (a) Description. A fixed-price incentive contract is a fixed-price contract that provides...

  3. 48 CFR 16.403 - Fixed-price incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Fixed-price incentive... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.403 Fixed-price incentive contracts. (a) Description. A fixed-price incentive contract is a fixed-price contract that provides...

  4. 48 CFR 16.403 - Fixed-price incentive contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fixed-price incentive... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.403 Fixed-price incentive contracts. (a) Description. A fixed-price incentive contract is a fixed-price contract that provides...

  5. Senior Administrators Should Have Administrative Contracts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Posner, Gary J.

    1987-01-01

    Recognizing that termination is viewed by the employee as the equivalent to capital punishment of a career, an administrative contract can reduce the emotional and financial entanglements that often result. Administrative contracts are described. (MLW)

  6. 7 CFR 632.22 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... is substituted that will achieve the desired results. (h) Joint contract. A land user may enter a contract jointly with other land users subject to the 320 acres maximum limitation per landowner....

  7. 32 CFR 32.48 - Contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... CFR part 223, “Surety Companies Doing Business with the United States.” (d) All negotiated contracts... of making audits, examinations, excerpts and transcriptions. (e) All contracts, including those...

  8. 48 CFR 1819.7003 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS NASA 8 Percent Goal 1819.7003 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 1852.219-76, NASA 8 Percent Goal, in all solicitations and...

  9. 48 CFR 970.4403 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract clause. 970.4403 Section 970.4403 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY AGENCY SUPPLEMENTARY... System, in all management and operating contracts....

  10. 48 CFR 970.4403 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contract clause. 970.4403 Section 970.4403 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY AGENCY SUPPLEMENTARY... System, in all management and operating contracts....

  11. 48 CFR 970.4403 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Contract clause. 970.4403 Section 970.4403 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY AGENCY SUPPLEMENTARY... System, in all management and operating contracts....

  12. 48 CFR 1523.303 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Contract clause. 1523.303 Section 1523.303 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY SOCIOECONOMIC... Material Safety Data 1523.303 Contract clause....

  13. 48 CFR 1523.303 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contract clause. 1523.303 Section 1523.303 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY SOCIOECONOMIC... Material Safety Data 1523.303 Contract clause....

  14. 48 CFR 1523.303 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Contract clause. 1523.303 Section 1523.303 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY SOCIOECONOMIC... Material Safety Data 1523.303 Contract clause....

  15. 48 CFR 1523.303 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Contract clause. 1523.303 Section 1523.303 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY SOCIOECONOMIC... Material Safety Data 1523.303 Contract clause....

  16. 75 FR 82095 - Service Contracts Inventory

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-29

    ... at the NRC's electronic Reading Room at http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/adams.html . From this page... funding source for the contract; 4. The contract type and date of the award; 5. The name of the...

  17. 48 CFR 23.804 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... PROGRAMS ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY, RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Ozone-Depleting Substances 23.804 Contract clauses. Except for contracts that...

  18. 48 CFR 23.804 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... PROGRAMS ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY, RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Ozone-Depleting Substances 23.804 Contract clauses. Except for contracts that...

  19. 48 CFR 23.903 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Contractor Compliance With Environmental Management Systems 23.903 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.223-19, Compliance With Environmental...

  20. 48 CFR 23.903 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Contractor Compliance With Environmental Management Systems 23.903 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.223-19, Compliance With Environmental...

  1. 48 CFR 1022.7000 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... MINORITY AND WOMEN INCLUSION Fair inclusion of minorities and women 1022.7000 Contract clause. Insert the clause at 1052.222-70, Minority and Women Inclusion, in all solicitations and contracts in support...

  2. 77 FR 26583 - International Mail Contract

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-04

    ... International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. ] SUMMARY: The Commission is... Package contract. This document invites public comments on the request and addresses several related... electronic filing. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Stephen L. Sharfman, General Counsel, at...

  3. 77 FR 5280 - Service Contracts Inventory

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-02

    ...The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is providing for public information its Inventory of Contracts for Services for Fiscal Year (FY) 2011. The inventory includes service contract actions over $25,000 that were awarded in FY...

  4. 48 CFR 23.804 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... PROGRAMS ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY, RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Ozone-Depleting Substances 23.804 Contract clauses. Except for contracts that...

  5. 48 CFR 239.7103 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... OF DEFENSE SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Security and... Assurance Contractor Training and Certification, in solicitations and contracts involving contractor performance of information assurance functions as described in DoD 8570.01-M....

  6. Contract Observation in Web Services Environments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bíba, Jiří; Hodík, Jiří; Jakob, Michal; Pěchouček, Michal

    Electronic contracting, based on explicit representation of different parties' commitments, is a promising way to specifying and regulating behaviour in distributed business applications. A key part of contract-based system is a process through which the actual behaviour of individual parties is checked for conformance with contracts set to govern such behaviour. Such checking requires that relevant information on the behaviour of the parties, both with respect to the application processes they execute and to managing their contractual relationships, is captured. The process of collecting all such information, termed contract observation, is the subject of this paper. First, we describe general properties and requirements of such an observation process; afterwards, we discuss specifics of realising contract observation in web services environments. Finally, we show how contract observation has been implemented as part of the IST-CONTRACT web services framework for contract-based systems.

  7. 48 CFR 617.204 - Contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 617.204 Contracts. (e) The Procurement Executive shall approve.... The Procurement Executive may delegate this approval authority to individuals within the Office of the Procurement Executive....

  8. 48 CFR 23.1105 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Encouraging Contractor Policies to Ban Text Messaging While Driving 23.1105 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.223-18, Contractor Policy to...

  9. Hospital contract management: a descriptive profile.

    PubMed Central

    Alexander, J A; Lewis, B L

    1984-01-01

    Despite the dramatic growth in hospital contract management in the last decade, research only recently has begun to provide insights into the structure, operation, and effectiveness of these arrangements. Two descriptive questions regarding hospital contract management are addressed in an effort to increase correspondence between theoretical and evaluative research in this area: (1) how do contract-managed hospitals differ from traditionally managed hospitals? and (2) how do contract-managed hospitals differ from each other? Principal discriminating variables in the analyses are hospital size, control, urban-rural location, region, management organization control, and management organization size. Results of the analysis on a sample of 406 contract-managed hospitals and 401 unaffiliated hospitals reveal important differences between contract-managed and traditionally managed hospitals as well as among contract management organizations. These findings are discussed in terms of their implications for future research and performance evaluations on contract management arrangements. PMID:6490376

  10. 48 CFR 926.7104 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS Implementation of Section 3161 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993. 926.7104 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 48 CFR (DEAR)...

  11. 48 CFR 2442.1107 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... analytical nature (e.g., applied social science research); and (3) The contract requires the delivery of an... value of $500,000 or less. (d) The clause shall not be used in contracts for information...

  12. 48 CFR 23.804 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Equipment and Air Conditioners, in solicitations and contracts for services when the contract includes the... refrigerant, such as air conditioners, including motor vehicles, refrigerators, chillers, or freezers. ... PROGRAMS ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY, RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY,...

  13. 48 CFR 4.1303 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Personal Identity Verification 4.1303 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.204-9, Personal Identity Verification of Contractor Personnel, in...

  14. 48 CFR 4.1303 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Personal Identity Verification 4.1303 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 52.204-9, Personal Identity Verification of Contractor Personnel, in...

  15. Custom, contract, and kidney exchange.

    PubMed

    Healy, Kieran; Krawiec, Kimberly D

    2012-01-01

    In this Essay, we examine a case in which the organizational and logistical demands of a novel form of organ exchange (the nonsimultaneous, extended, altruistic donor (NEAD) chain) do not map cleanly onto standard cultural schemas for either market or gift exchange, resulting in sociological ambiguity and legal uncertainty. In some ways, a NEAD chain resembles a form of generalized exchange, an ancient and widespread instance of the norm of reciprocity that can be thought of simply as the obligation to “pay it forward” rather than the obligation to reciprocate directly with the original giver. At the same time, a NEAD chain resembles a string of promises and commitments to deliver something in exchange for some valuable consideration--that is, a series of contracts. Neither of these salient "social imaginaries" of exchange--gift giving or formal contract--perfectly meets the practical demands of the NEAD system. As a result, neither contract nor generalized exchange drives the practice of NEAD chains. Rather, the majority of actual exchanges still resemble a simpler form of exchange: direct, simultaneous exchange between parties with no time delay or opportunity to back out. If NEAD chains are to reach their full promise for large-scale, nonsimultaneous organ transfer, legal uncertainties and sociological ambiguities must be finessed, both in the practices of the coordinating agencies and in the minds of NEAD-chain participants. This might happen either through the further elaboration of gift-like language and practices, or through a creative use of the cultural form and motivational vocabulary, but not necessarily the legal and institutional machinery, of contract.

  16. Galileon bounce after ekpyrotic contraction

    SciTech Connect

    Osipov, M.; Rubakov, V. E-mail: rubakov@ms2.inr.ac.ru

    2013-11-01

    We consider a simple cosmological model that includes a long ekpyrotic contraction stage and smooth bounce after it. Ekpyrotic behavior is due to a scalar field with a negative exponential potential, whereas the Galileon field produces bounce. We give an analytical picture of how the bounce occurs within the weak gravity regime, and then perform numerical analysis to extend our results to a non-perturbative regime.

  17. Bid solicitation and contract negotiation.

    PubMed

    McAllister, J C

    1984-06-01

    The process of soliciting bid prices for drug products and of negotiating contracts with pharmaceutical vendors is reviewed. The primary purpose of bid purchasing is to obtain drugs at the lowest price and to have these prices remain fixed for a predetermined period of time. A successful bid-purchasing process depends on the institution's implementation of a formulary brand-standardization policy, prior identification of acceptable vendors and drug products, and establishment of criteria for evaluating drugs under a bid-purchasing system. Specific information to be included in the invitation to bid and useful data other than drug prices that may be solicited from vendors are outlined. Manual and computerized systems for organizing bid-request data are described. Bid evaluations should maintain the confidentiality of bid and contract prices. Selection of winning bids is based on lowest price or, in cases where prices are identical, on selected vendor characteristics or services. Negotiation of unacceptable bid prices should be conducted with a thorough knowledge of the needs and goals of the institution and the vendor. Procedures for establishing contracts and the timing of various phases of the bid process are discussed. An optimal bid-purchasing system is achieved only when the system is carefully planned and designed and when each prospective vendor is given an equal opportunity to establish a contractual relationship with the institution.

  18. 7 CFR 4288.121 - Contract.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PAYMENT PROGRAMS Advanced Biofuel Payment Program General Provisions Enrollment Provisions § 4288.121 Contract. Advanced biofuel producers determined to be eligible to.... (a) Contract. The Agency will forward the contract to the advanced biofuel producer. The...

  19. 48 CFR 8.505 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... REQUIRED SOURCES OF SUPPLIES AND SERVICES Acquisition of Helium 8.505 Contract clause. Insert the clause at 52.208-8, Required Sources for Helium and Helium Usage Data, in solicitations and contracts if it is anticipated that performance of the contract involves a major helium requirement....

  20. 48 CFR 8.505 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... REQUIRED SOURCES OF SUPPLIES AND SERVICES Acquisition of Helium 8.505 Contract clause. Insert the clause at 52.208-8, Required Sources for Helium and Helium Usage Data, in solicitations and contracts if it is anticipated that performance of the contract involves a major helium requirement....

  1. 48 CFR 8.505 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... REQUIRED SOURCES OF SUPPLIES AND SERVICES Acquisition of Helium 8.505 Contract clause. Insert the clause at 52.208-8, Required Sources for Helium and Helium Usage Data, in solicitations and contracts if it is anticipated that performance of the contract involves a major helium requirement....

  2. 48 CFR 1846.674 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Report, in solicitations and contracts, except those using simplified acquisition procedures or where the only deliverable items are technical or scientific reports. Insert the number of copies to be prepared... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Material Inspection and Receiving Reports 1846.674 Contract...

  3. 48 CFR 1846.674 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Report, in solicitations and contracts, except those using simplified acquisition procedures or where the only deliverable items are technical or scientific reports. Insert the number of copies to be prepared... CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Material Inspection and Receiving Reports 1846.674 Contract...

  4. 78 FR 54687 - International Mail Contract

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-05

    ... Services--Non-Published Rates 4 model contract. This notice informs the public of the filing, ] invites...-Published Rates (GEPS-NPR) 4 model contract.\\1\\ This Order provides public notice of the Postal Service's... Concerning Revisions to Global Expedited Package Services--Non-Published Rates 4 Model Contract, August...

  5. Swelling and Contraction of Corn Mitochondria 1

    PubMed Central

    Stoner, C. D.; Hanson, J. B.

    1966-01-01

    A survey has been made of the properties of corn mitochondria in swelling and contraction. The mitochondria swell spontaneously in KCl but not in sucrose. Aged mitochondria will swell rapidly in sucrose if treated with citrate or EDTA. Swelling does not impair oxidative phosphorylation if bovine serum albumin is present. Contraction can be maintained or initiated with ATP + Mg or an oxidizable substrate, contraction being more rapid with the substrate. Magnesium is not required for substrate powered contraction. Contraction powered by ATP is accompanied by the release of phosphate. Oligomycin inhibits both ATP-powered contraction and the release of phosphate. However, it does not affect substrate-powered contraction. Substrate powered contraction is inhibited by electron-transport inhibitors. The uncoupler, carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenyl hydrazone, accelerates swelling and inhibits both ATP-and substrate-powered contraction. However, the concentrations required are well in excess of those required to produce uncoupling and to accelerate adenosine triphosphatase; the concentrations required inhibit respiration in a phosphorylating medium. Phosphate is a very effective inhibitor of succinate-powered contraction. Neither oligomycin nor Mg affects the phosphate inhibition. Phosphate is less inhibitory with the ATP-powered contraction. The results are discussed in terms of a hypothesis that contraction is associated with a nonphosphorylated high energy intermediate of oxidative phosphorylation. Images PMID:16656248

  6. 48 CFR 630.201 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contract requirements. 630.201 Section 630.201 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF STATE GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS ADMINISTRATION CAS Program Requirements 630.201 Contract requirements....

  7. 48 CFR 330.201 - Contract requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contract requirements. 330.201 Section 330.201 Federal Acquisition Regulations System HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS CAS Program Requirements 330.201 Contract requirements....

  8. 7 CFR 634.26 - Contract modifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING RURAL CLEAN WATER PROGRAM Participant RCWP Contracts § 634.26... thereof, or to accomplish equitable treatment with respect to other conservation, land-use, or water... water-quality plan. A contract may be modified only if it is determined that such modifications...

  9. 7 CFR 634.26 - Contract modifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING RURAL CLEAN WATER PROGRAM Participant RCWP Contracts § 634.26... thereof, or to accomplish equitable treatment with respect to other conservation, land-use, or water... water-quality plan. A contract may be modified only if it is determined that such modifications...

  10. 48 CFR 2004.404 - Contract clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contract clauses. 2004.404 Section 2004.404 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS 2004.404 Contract clauses. (a) The contracting officer shall insert the clause at...

  11. 24 CFR 200.52 - Construction contract.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Construction contract. 200.52 Section 200.52 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development... Construction contract. The form of contract between the mortgagor and builder shall be as prescribed by...

  12. 48 CFR 11.701 - Supply contracts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Supply contracts. 11.701 Section 11.701 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION ACQUISITION PLANNING DESCRIBING AGENCY NEEDS Variation in Quantity 11.701 Supply contracts. (a) A fixed-price supply contract...

  13. 14 CFR 145.217 - Contract maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Contract maintenance. 145.217 Section 145...) SCHOOLS AND OTHER CERTIFICATED AGENCIES REPAIR STATIONS Operating Rules § 145.217 Contract maintenance. (a) A certificated repair station may contract a maintenance function pertaining to an article to...

  14. 14 CFR 145.217 - Contract maintenance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contract maintenance. 145.217 Section 145...) SCHOOLS AND OTHER CERTIFICATED AGENCIES REPAIR STATIONS Operating Rules § 145.217 Contract maintenance. (a) A certificated repair station may contract a maintenance function pertaining to an article to...

  15. 36 CFR 1210.47 - Contract administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Contract administration. 1210.47 Section 1210.47 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION... § 1210.47 Contract administration. A system for contract administration shall be maintained to...

  16. 43 CFR 12.947 - Contract administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contract administration. 12.947 Section 12.947 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior ADMINISTRATIVE AND AUDIT... Requirements § 12.947 Contract administration. A system for contract administration shall be maintained...

  17. 48 CFR 925.7004 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... FOREIGN ACQUISITION Acquisition of Nuclear Hot Cell Services 925.7004 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 952.225-70, Subcontracting for Nuclear Hot Cell Services, in solicitations and contracts involving nuclear hot cell services. This clause does not flow down to...

  18. 48 CFR 925.7004 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... FOREIGN ACQUISITION Acquisition of Nuclear Hot Cell Services 925.7004 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 952.225-70, Subcontracting for Nuclear Hot Cell Services, in solicitations and contracts involving nuclear hot cell services. This clause does not flow down to...

  19. 48 CFR 925.7004 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... FOREIGN ACQUISITION Acquisition of Nuclear Hot Cell Services 925.7004 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 952.225-70, Subcontracting for Nuclear Hot Cell Services, in solicitations and contracts involving nuclear hot cell services. This clause does not flow down to...

  20. 48 CFR 925.7004 - Contract clause.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... FOREIGN ACQUISITION Acquisition of Nuclear Hot Cell Services 925.7004 Contract clause. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 952.225-70, Subcontracting for Nuclear Hot Cell Services, in solicitations and contracts involving nuclear hot cell services. This clause does not flow down to...