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Sample records for a-133 compliance supplement

  1. Compliance Supplement. OMB Circular A-133.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Management and Budget, Washington, DC.

    This document is a supplement to Circular A-133 (1990) from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), which extended the government's "single audit process" for agencies that administer federal financial assistance programs to higher education institutions and non-profit organizations. This supplement is based on the 1996 Amendments (the Single…

  2. 38 CFR Appendix B to Part 41 - OMB Circular A-133 Compliance Supplement

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false OMB Circular A-133 Compliance Supplement B Appendix B to Part 41 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) AUDITS OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Pt. 41, App. B,...

  3. 76 FR 32377 - Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations; OMB Circular A-133 Compliance...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations; OMB Circular A-133 Compliance Supplement AGENCY: Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget. ACTION: Notice...

  4. 75 FR 44814 - Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations; Circular A-133 Compliance...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations; Circular A-133 Compliance Supplement AGENCY: Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget. ACTION: Notice...

  5. 40 CFR 97.43 - Compliance Supplement Pool.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Compliance Supplement Pool. 97.43... Allocations § 97.43 Compliance Supplement Pool. (a) For any NOX Budget unit that reduces its NOX emission rate... State's compliance supplement pool set forth in appendix D of this part has a number of NOX...

  6. 40 CFR 97.43 - Compliance Supplement Pool.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Compliance Supplement Pool. 97.43... Allocations § 97.43 Compliance Supplement Pool. (a) For any NOX Budget unit that reduces its NOX emission rate... State's compliance supplement pool set forth in appendix D of this part has a number of NOX...

  7. 40 CFR 97.43 - Compliance Supplement Pool.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 21 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Compliance Supplement Pool. 97.43... Allocations § 97.43 Compliance Supplement Pool. (a) For any NOX Budget unit that reduces its NOX emission rate... State's compliance supplement pool set forth in appendix D of this part has a number of NOX...

  8. 40 CFR 97.43 - Compliance Supplement Pool.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 21 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Compliance Supplement Pool. 97.43... Allocations § 97.43 Compliance Supplement Pool. (a) For any NOX Budget unit that reduces its NOX emission rate... State's compliance supplement pool set forth in appendix D of this part has a number of NOX...

  9. 40 CFR 97.43 - Compliance Supplement Pool.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compliance Supplement Pool. 97.43... Allocations § 97.43 Compliance Supplement Pool. (a) For any NOX Budget unit that reduces its NOX emission rate... State's compliance supplement pool set forth in appendix D of this part has a number of NOX...

  10. 40 CFR 96.143 - Compliance supplement pool.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 21 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Compliance supplement pool. 96.143... CAIR NOX Allowance Allocations § 96.143 Compliance supplement pool. (a) In addition to the CAIR NOX... Compliancesupplement pool Alabama 10,166 Delaware 843 District Of Columbia 0 Florida 8,335 Georgia 12,397 Illinois...

  11. 40 CFR 96.143 - Compliance supplement pool.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Compliance supplement pool. 96.143... CAIR NOX Allowance Allocations § 96.143 Compliance supplement pool. (a) In addition to the CAIR NOX... Compliancesupplement pool Alabama 10,166 Delaware 843 District Of Columbia 0 Florida 8,335 Georgia 12,397 Illinois...

  12. 40 CFR 97.143 - Compliance supplement pool.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 21 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Compliance supplement pool. 97.143... Allocations § 97.143 Compliance supplement pool. (a) In addition to the CAIR NOX allowances allocated under... CAIR NOX allowances to CAIR NOX units in the respective State: State Compliancesupplement pool...

  13. 40 CFR 96.143 - Compliance supplement pool.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 21 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Compliance supplement pool. 96.143... CAIR NOX Allowance Allocations § 96.143 Compliance supplement pool. (a) In addition to the CAIR NOX... Compliancesupplement pool Alabama 10,166 Delaware 843 District Of Columbia 0 Florida 8,335 Georgia 12,397 Illinois...

  14. 40 CFR 96.143 - Compliance supplement pool.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Compliance supplement pool. 96.143... CAIR NOX Allowance Allocations § 96.143 Compliance supplement pool. (a) In addition to the CAIR NOX... Compliancesupplement pool Alabama 10,166 Delaware 843 District Of Columbia 0 Florida 8,335 Georgia 12,397 Illinois...

  15. 40 CFR 97.143 - Compliance supplement pool.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Compliance supplement pool. 97.143... Allocations § 97.143 Compliance supplement pool. (a) In addition to the CAIR NOX allowances allocated under... CAIR NOX allowances to CAIR NOX units in the respective State: State Compliancesupplement pool...

  16. 40 CFR 97.143 - Compliance supplement pool.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Compliance supplement pool. 97.143... Allocations § 97.143 Compliance supplement pool. (a) In addition to the CAIR NOX allowances allocated under... CAIR NOX allowances to CAIR NOX units in the respective State: State Compliancesupplement pool...

  17. 40 CFR 97.143 - Compliance supplement pool.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 21 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Compliance supplement pool. 97.143... Allocations § 97.143 Compliance supplement pool. (a) In addition to the CAIR NOX allowances allocated under... CAIR NOX allowances to CAIR NOX units in the respective State: State Compliancesupplement pool...

  18. 40 CFR 96.143 - Compliance supplement pool.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compliance supplement pool. 96.143... CAIR NOX Allowance Allocations § 96.143 Compliance supplement pool. (a) In addition to the CAIR NOX... Compliancesupplement pool Alabama 10,166 Delaware 843 District Of Columbia 0 Florida 8,335 Georgia 12,397 Illinois...

  19. 40 CFR 97.143 - Compliance supplement pool.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compliance supplement pool. 97.143... Allocations § 97.143 Compliance supplement pool. (a) In addition to the CAIR NOX allowances allocated under... CAIR NOX allowances to CAIR NOX units in the respective State: State Compliancesupplement pool...

  20. Environmental Compliance Assessment System (ECAS) - Wisconsin supplement. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    O'Rourke, C.; Gifford, L.A.

    1994-02-01

    In response to the growing number of environmental laws and regulations worldwide, the U.S. Army has adopted an environmental compliance program that identifies compliance problems before they are cited as violations by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). Beginning in 1985, Major Army Commands (MACOMs) were required to conduct comprehensive environmental assessments at all installations on a 4-year cycle. The installations must also conduct a mid-cycle internal assessment. Because each MACOM was developing a separate assessment system, the Army mandated, through Army Regulation 200-1, one unified Army-wide assessment mechanism. The resulting system combines Federal, Department of Defense (DOD), and Army environmental regulations, along with good management practices and risk management information, into a series of checklists that show legal requirements and which specific items or operations to review. Each assessment protocol lists a point of contact to help assessors review the checklist items as effectively as possible. The Environmental Compliance Assessment System (ECAS) manual incorporates existing checklists from USEPA and private industry. The Wisconsin Supplement was developed to be used in conjunction with the U.S. ECAS manual, using existing Wisconsin state environmental legislation and regulations as well as suggested management practices. Environmental Compliance Assessment System (ECAS), Environmental compliance checklists, Environmental Law - Wisconsin.

  1. Environmental Compliance Assessment System (ECAS). Hawaii supplement. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    O'Rourke, C.; Gifford, L.A.

    1994-07-01

    In response to the growing number of environmental laws and regulations worldwide, the U.S. Army has adopted an environmental compliance program that identifies compliance problems before they are cited as violations by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). Beginning in 1985, Major Army Commands (MACOMs) were required to conduct comprehensive environmental assessments at all installations on a 4-year cycle. The installations must also conduct a mid-cycle internal assessment. Because each MACOM was developing a separate assessment system, the Army mandated, through Army Regulation 200-1, one unified Army-wide assessment mechanism. The resulting system combines Federal, Department of Defense (DOD), and Army environmental regulations, along with good management practices and risk management information, into a series of checklists that show legal requirements and which specific items or operations to review. Each assessment protocol lists a point of contact to help assessors review the checklist items as effectively as possible. The Environmental Compliance Assessment System (ECAS) manual incorporates existing checklists from USEPA and private industry. The Hawaii Supplement was developed to be used in conjunction with the U.S. ECAS manual, using existing Hawaii state environmental legislation and regulations as well as suggested management practices. Environmental Compliance Assessment System (ECAS), Environmental law--Hawaii, Environmental checklists.

  2. Environmental Compliance Assessment System (ECAS) - Oregon supplement. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    O'Rourke, C.; Gifford, L.A.

    1994-04-01

    In response to the growing number of environmental laws and regulations worldwide, the U.S. Army has adopted an environmental compliance program that identifies compliance problems before they are cited as violations by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). Beginning in 1985, Major Army Commands (MACOMs) were required to conduct comprehensive environmental assessments at all installations on a 4-year cycle. The installations must also conduct a mid-cycle internal assessment. Because each MACOM was developing a separate assessment system, the Army mandated, through Army Regulation 200-1, one unified Army-wide assessment mechanism. The resulting system combines Federal, Department of Defense (DOD), and Army environmental regulations, along with good management practices and risk management information, into a series of checklists that show legal requirements and specific items or operations to review. Each assessment protocol lists a point of contact to help assessors review the checklist items as effectively as possible. The Environmental Compliance Assessment System (ECAS) manual incorporates existing checklists from USEPA and private industry. The Oregon Supplement was developed to be used in conjunction with the U.S. ECAS manual, using existing Oregon state environmental legislation and regulations as well as suggested management practices.

  3. 40 CFR 97.144 - Alternative of allocation of CAIR NOX allowances and compliance supplement pool by permitting...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... allowances and compliance supplement pool by permitting authority. 97.144 Section 97.144 Protection of... allocation of CAIR NOX allowances and compliance supplement pool by permitting authority. (a) Notwithstanding... providing for allocation of the State's compliance supplement pool by the permitting authority, then...

  4. 40 CFR 97.144 - Alternative of allocation of CAIR NOX allowances and compliance supplement pool by permitting...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... allowances and compliance supplement pool by permitting authority. 97.144 Section 97.144 Protection of... allocation of CAIR NOX allowances and compliance supplement pool by permitting authority. (a) Notwithstanding... providing for allocation of the State's compliance supplement pool by the permitting authority, then...

  5. 40 CFR 97.144 - Alternative of allocation of CAIR NOX allowances and compliance supplement pool by permitting...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... allowances and compliance supplement pool by permitting authority. 97.144 Section 97.144 Protection of... allocation of CAIR NOX allowances and compliance supplement pool by permitting authority. (a) Notwithstanding... providing for allocation of the State's compliance supplement pool by the permitting authority, then...

  6. 40 CFR 97.144 - Alternative of allocation of CAIR NOX allowances and compliance supplement pool by permitting...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... allowances and compliance supplement pool by permitting authority. 97.144 Section 97.144 Protection of... allocation of CAIR NOX allowances and compliance supplement pool by permitting authority. (a) Notwithstanding... providing for allocation of the State's compliance supplement pool by the permitting authority, then...

  7. 40 CFR 97.144 - Alternative of allocation of CAIR NOX allowances and compliance supplement pool by permitting...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... allowances and compliance supplement pool by permitting authority. 97.144 Section 97.144 Protection of... allocation of CAIR NOX allowances and compliance supplement pool by permitting authority. (a) Notwithstanding... providing for allocation of the State's compliance supplement pool by the permitting authority, then...

  8. Reporting of participant compliance in randomized controlled trials of nutrition supplements during pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Kehoe, Sarah H; Chheda, Purvi S; Sahariah, Sirazul A; Baird, Janis; Fall, Caroline H D

    2009-04-01

    Randomized controlled trials (RCT) are widely considered to be the gold standard for demonstrating intervention effects. Adequacy of reporting of participant compliance in RCTs affects the interpretation of study results. Our aims were two-fold: first, to assess the adequacy of reporting of participant compliance in RCTs investigating the effect of maternal nutritional supplements on infant outcomes; and second, to examine authors' adherence to the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) guidelines on participant flow. Papers reporting trials of nutritional supplementation during pregnancy, and published after revision of the CONSORT recommendations, were identified using a search of medical databases. Two researchers systematically reviewed the papers to assess the reporting of participant compliance according to specified criteria, and the presentation of participant flow data recommended in the CONSORT guidelines. The literature search identified 58 papers. Almost a third (n = 18) did not describe how participant compliance was assessed. Nearly half of the papers (n = 27) failed to report participant compliance numerically (absolute numbers or percentage) and differences in compliance data between treatment arms were not reported in 52% of papers (n = 28). The majority (83%) gave no information on whether the study protocol included any researcher input aimed at maximizing compliance. In addition to inadequate reporting of compliance, two of the CONSORT requirements (eligibility criteria and numbers discontinuing the intervention) were inadequately reported in 69% and 60% of papers, respectively. We conclude that participant compliance in nutrition trials is frequently inadequately reported. 'False negative' results from RCTs with poor compliance could wrongly influence policy and inhibit further research concerned with nutritional supplementation for women of child-bearing age. We suggest that changes to the CONSORT guidelines may improve RCT

  9. 40 CFR Appendix D to Part 97 - Final Section 126 Rule: State Compliance supplement pools for the Section 126 Final Rule (Tons)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Final Section 126 Rule: State Compliance supplement pools for the Section 126 Final Rule (Tons) D Appendix D to Part 97 Protection of...: State Compliance supplement pools for the Section 126 Final Rule (Tons) State Compliance supplement...

  10. 40 CFR Appendix D to Part 97 - Final Section 126 Rule: State Compliance supplement pools for the Section 126 Final Rule (Tons)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Final Section 126 Rule: State Compliance supplement pools for the Section 126 Final Rule (Tons) D Appendix D to Part 97 Protection of...: State Compliance supplement pools for the Section 126 Final Rule (Tons) State Compliance supplement...

  11. Environmental Compliance Assessment System (ECAS). South Carolina Supplement US Army. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    O'Rourke, C.; Gifford, L.A.

    1994-04-01

    In response to the growing number of environmental laws and regulations worldwide, the U.S. Army has adopted an environmental compliance program that identifies compliance problems before they are cited as violations by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). Beginning in 1985, Major Army Commands (MACOMs) were required to conduct comprehensive environmental assessments at all installations on a 4-year cycle. The installations must also conduct a mid-cycle internal assessment. Because each MACOM was developing a separate assessment system, the Army mandated, through Army Regulation 200-1, one unified Army-wide assessment mechanism. The resulting system combines Federal, Department of Defense (DOD), and Army environmental regulations, along with good management practices and risk management information, into a series of checklists that show legal requirements and which specific items or operations to review. Each assessment protocol lists a point of contact to help assessors review the checklist items as effectively as possible. The Environmental Compliance Assessment System (ECAS) manual incorporates existing checklists from USEPA and private industry. The South Carolina Supplement was developed to be used in conjunction with the U.S. ECAS manual, using existing South Carolina state environmental legislation and regulations as well as suggested management practices. Environmental Compliance Assessment System (ECAS), Environmental compliance checklists, Environmental law - South Carolina.

  12. Compliance with Iron-Folate Supplement and Associated Factors among Antenatal Care Attendant Mothers in Misha District, South Ethiopia: Community Based Cross-Sectional Study.

    PubMed

    Arega Sadore, Abinet; Abebe Gebretsadik, Lakew; Aman Hussen, Mamusha

    2015-01-01

    Background. In Ethiopia, higher proportions of pregnant women are anemic. Despite the efforts to reduce iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy, only few women took an iron supplement as recommended. Thus, this study aimed to assess compliance with iron-folate supplement and associated factors among antenatal care attendant mothers in Misha district, South Ethiopia. Method. Community based cross-sectional study supported with in-depth interview was conducted from March 1 to March 30, 2015. The sample size was determined using single population proportion to 303. Simple random sampling technique was used to select the study participants. Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were employed to identify factors associated with compliance to iron-folate supplement. Results. The compliance rate was found to be 39.2%. Mothers knowledge of anemia (AOR = 4.451, 95% CI = (2.027,9.777)), knowledge of iron-folate supplement (AOR = 3.509, 95% CI = (1.442,8.537)), and counseling on iron-folate supplement (AOR = 4.093, 95% CI = (2.002,8.368)) were significantly associated with compliance to iron-folate supplement. Conclusions. Compliance rate of iron-folate supplementation during pregnancy remains very low. This study showed that providing women with clear instructions about iron-folate tablet intake and educating them on the health benefits of the iron-folate tablets can increase compliance with iron-folate supplementation. PMID:26839573

  13. Commercially available folic acid supplements and their compliance with the British Pharmacopoeia test for dissolution.

    PubMed

    Sculthorpe, N F; Davies, B; Ashton, T; Allison, S; McGuire, D N; Malhi, J S

    2001-09-01

    A recent report suggested that some folic acid preparations available in the United States failed to meet the specifications for dissolution specified by the US Pharmacopoeia (USP), of 70 per cent drug release in the first hour of testing. The Teratology Society recommends that women of childbearing age should take a daily supplement of 400 microg folic acid when they are trying to conceive, to reduce the risk of foetal neural tube defects. The consequence of this failure to meet the USP requirements may be that an inadequate dose of folate may be absorbed and thus the expected level of protection against neural tube defects not afforded. The purpose of the present study was to examine a number of brands of folic acid (400 microg), available commercially in the United Kingdom, for compliance with the British Pharmacopoeia (BP) test for dissolution. Ten tablets (or capsules) from each of 11 brands were tested using dissolution apparatus compliant with BP requirements, using 0.1 M sodium hydroxide as the dissolution medium. The results indicated that four of the brands failed to release 70 per cent of the nominal drug content in the first hour of test and thus did not comply with the test. Two of the seven brands that passed the test went on to release more than 150 per cent of the nominal 400 microg drug content. These results highlight the problems of dose uniformity and the potential health risks of slow dissolution and under-dosing in commercially available folic acid dosage forms.

  14. Factors Influencing Anti-Malarial Prophylaxis and Iron Supplementation Non-Compliance among Pregnant Women in Simiyu Region, Tanzania

    PubMed Central

    Sambili, Benatus; Kimambo, Ronald; Peng, Yun; Ishunga, Elison; Matasha, Edna; Matumu, Godfrey; Noronha, Rita; Ngilangwa, David P.

    2016-01-01

    Malaria and iron-deficient anemia during pregnancy pose considerable risks for the mother and newborn. Intermittent Preventive Treatment during pregnancy with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) and iron supplement to prevent anemia to all pregnant women receiving antenatal care (ANC) services is highly recommended. However, their compliance remains low. This study aimed at identifying factors influencing non-compliance of medications among pregnant women. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in Simiyu region in northwest Tanzania using a structured questionnaire to collect data from 430 women who were pregnant or gave birth 12 months prior to data collection. Data were analyzed using non-parametric statistical analysis with STATA 10. Overall, 284 (66%) and 195 (45%) of interviewed women received IPTp-SP and iron supplementation during their ANC visits, respectively. The majority (85%) of women whom received medications were aware if they had received IPTp-SP or iron supplementation. Of those received IPTp-SP, only 11% took all the three doses, while the remaining 89% took only two doses or one dose. For women who received iron supplementation, 29% reported that they did not take any dose at all. Reasons given for not complying with regiments included not liking the medications and disapproval from male partners. Our findings suggest that IPTp-SP and iron supplement compliance among pregnant women in Simiyu region is low. Intensification of community education, further qualitative research and administration of medication through directly-observed therapy (DOT) are recommended to address the problem. PMID:27347981

  15. Factors Influencing Anti-Malarial Prophylaxis and Iron Supplementation Non-Compliance among Pregnant Women in Simiyu Region, Tanzania.

    PubMed

    Sambili, Benatus; Kimambo, Ronald; Peng, Yun; Ishunga, Elison; Matasha, Edna; Matumu, Godfrey; Noronha, Rita; Ngilangwa, David P

    2016-01-01

    Malaria and iron-deficient anemia during pregnancy pose considerable risks for the mother and newborn. Intermittent Preventive Treatment during pregnancy with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) and iron supplement to prevent anemia to all pregnant women receiving antenatal care (ANC) services is highly recommended. However, their compliance remains low. This study aimed at identifying factors influencing non-compliance of medications among pregnant women. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in Simiyu region in northwest Tanzania using a structured questionnaire to collect data from 430 women who were pregnant or gave birth 12 months prior to data collection. Data were analyzed using non-parametric statistical analysis with STATA 10. Overall, 284 (66%) and 195 (45%) of interviewed women received IPTp-SP and iron supplementation during their ANC visits, respectively. The majority (85%) of women whom received medications were aware if they had received IPTp-SP or iron supplementation. Of those received IPTp-SP, only 11% took all the three doses, while the remaining 89% took only two doses or one dose. For women who received iron supplementation, 29% reported that they did not take any dose at all. Reasons given for not complying with regiments included not liking the medications and disapproval from male partners. Our findings suggest that IPTp-SP and iron supplement compliance among pregnant women in Simiyu region is low. Intensification of community education, further qualitative research and administration of medication through directly-observed therapy (DOT) are recommended to address the problem. PMID:27347981

  16. Acute effects of an oral nitric oxide supplement on blood pressure, endothelial function, and vascular compliance in hypertensive patients.

    PubMed

    Houston, Mark; Hays, Laurie

    2014-07-01

    This blinded placebo-controlled crossover study evaluated the acute effects of an orally disintegrating lozenge that generates nitric oxide (NO) in the oral cavity on blood pressure (BP) response, endothelial function, and vascular compliance in unmedicated hypertensive patients. Thirty patients with clinical hypertension were recruited and enrolled in a blinded placebo-controlled clinical trial in an outpatient setting. Average baseline BP in 30 patients was 144±3/91±1 mm Hg. NO supplementation resulted in a significant decrease of 4 mm Hg in resting systolic BP (P<.003) and a significant decrease of 5 mm Hg in diastolic BP (P<.002) from baseline and placebo after 20 minutes. In addition, there was a further statistically significant reduction by 6 mm Hg in both systolic and diastolic pressure after 60 minutes (P<.0001 vs baseline). After a half hour of a single dose, there was a significant improvement in vascular compliance as measured by augmentation index and, after 4 hours, a statistically significant improvement in endothelial function as measured by the EndoPAT (Itamar Medical, Franklin, MA). A single administration of an oral active NO supplement appears to acutely lower BP, improve vascular compliance, and restore endothelial function in patients with hypertension. PMID:24962851

  17. Dietary Compliance, Dietary Supplementation and Traditional Remedy Usage of Type 2 Diabetic Patients With and Without Cardiovascular Disease

    PubMed Central

    Ng, Ooi Chuan; Wong, Teck Wee; Joseph, Anthony; Hejar, Abdul Rahman; Rushdan, Abdul Aziz

    2015-01-01

    This analytical cross-sectional study examined the nutrient intakes, dietary compliance, dietary supplementation and traditional remedy usage in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients from selected tertiary hospitals in multi-racial Malaysia. We compared the different characteristics of T2DM patients with and without cardiovascular disease (CVD). Socio-demographic status, dietary intakes, dietary supplementation, traditional remedy use, medical history, anthropometric measurements and clinical characteristics were obtained from face-to-face interviews. A total of 313 patients who were treated for T2DM participated in this study, in which 36.1% of them had CVD. The mean age of study subjects was 55.7 ± 9.2 years; mean diabetes duration was 10.1 ± 8.1 years; 52.1% were females; and 47.0% were Malays. The mean total energy intake of the subjects was 1674 ± 694 kcal/day, and patients with CVD consumed higher total calories (p = 0.001). Likewise, the mean carbohydrate, protein and total fat intake of CVD patients were significantly higher than non-CVD patients (p < 0.05), while mean intakes of cholesterol, fibre, minerals and all vitamins were comparable between CVD and non-CVD patients. Regardless of CVD status, a notably high proportion of the subjects did not meet the recommendations of the Medical Nutrition Therapy Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes for total energy, carbohydrate, protein, total fat, and fibre intakes. Meanwhile, 52.4% used at least one dietary supplement and 12.1% took single traditional remedy or in various combinations. Traditional remedies and supplement intake did not differ between CVD and non-CVD subjects. It is suggested that T2DM patients should be educated based on their personalized dietary intake, dietary supplementation and traditional remedy usage. The recommendations for T2DM patients shall be met to achieve the optimal metabolic goals and minimize the potential diabetic complications. PMID:25713789

  18. Nuclear Data Sheets for A = 133

    SciTech Connect

    Khazov, Yu.; Rodionov, A.; Kondev, F.G.

    2011-04-15

    Evaluated nuclear structure and decay data for all nuclei within the A=133 mass chain are presented. The experimental data are evaluated and best values for level and gamma-ray energies, quantum numbers, lifetimes, gamma-ray intensities, and other nuclear properties are recommended. Inconsistencies and discrepancies that exist in the literature are noted. This work supersedes the earlier evaluation by S. Raab (1995Ra12), published in Nuclear Data Sheets75, 491 (1995).

  19. Factors associated with compliance of prenatal iron folate supplementation among women in Mecha district, Western Amhara: a cross-sectional study

    PubMed Central

    Taye, Bekele; Abeje, Gedefaw; Mekonen, Alemetsehaye

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Iron and folate supplementation can effectively control and prevent anaemia in pregnancy. In Ethiopia, all pregnant women are prescribed iron folate during their ANC visit. However, limited adherence is thought to be a major reason for the low effectiveness of iron supplementation programs. Therefore this study was done to investigate factors associated with compliance of prenatal iron folate supplementation among women who gave birth in the last 12 months before the survey in Mecha district. Methods Community based cross sectional study design was employed in Mecha district from June 25 - July 15/2013. A sample of 634 women who gave birth 12 months before the survey was included in the study. Study participants were selected by systematic random sampling technique after allocating the total sample to each kebele proportionally. Data were collected using a pre-tested structured Amharic questionnaire. Collected data were edited, coded and entered to Epi info version 3.1 and exported to‘ SPSS version 16. Bivariate and multivariable analysis was computed. Results A total of 628 women who gave birth twelve months before the survey were enrolled. In this study only 20.4% of participants were compliant with iron foliate supplementation. In multivariable analysis, age of the mother, educational status of the mother, knowledge of anaemia and iron folate tablets, and history of anaemia during pregnancy were significantly associated with compliance to iron folate supplementation (P < .05). Belief that too many tablets would harm the baby and fear of side effects were the major reasons given for noncompliance. Conclusion Compliance to iron folate supplementation is very low in the study area. Increasing female education and increasing knowledge of women about anaemia and iron folate tablets are recommended to increase compliance to iron folate supplementation. PMID:26090001

  20. 40 CFR Appendix D to Part 97 - Final Section 126 Rule: State Compliance supplement pools for the Section 126 Final Rule (Tons)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 21 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Final Section 126 Rule: State Compliance supplement pools for the Section 126 Final Rule (Tons) D Appendix D to Part 97 Protection of... PROGRAM AND CAIR NOX AND SO2 TRADING PROGRAMS Pt. 97, App. D Appendix D to Part 97—Final Section 126...

  1. 40 CFR Appendix D to Part 97 - Final Section 126 Rule: State Compliance supplement pools for the Section 126 Final Rule (Tons)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 21 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Final Section 126 Rule: State Compliance supplement pools for the Section 126 Final Rule (Tons) D Appendix D to Part 97 Protection of... PROGRAM AND CAIR NOX AND SO2 TRADING PROGRAMS Pt. 97, App. D Appendix D to Part 97—Final Section 126...

  2. 40 CFR Appendix D to Part 97 - Final Section 126 Rule: State Compliance supplement pools for the Section 126 Final Rule (Tons)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Final Section 126 Rule: State Compliance supplement pools for the Section 126 Final Rule (Tons) D Appendix D to Part 97 Protection of... PROGRAM AND CAIR NOX AND SO2 TRADING PROGRAMS Pt. 97, App. D Appendix D to Part 97—Final Section 126...

  3. Serum and supplement optimization for EU GMP-compliance in cardiospheres cell culture.

    PubMed

    Chimenti, Isotta; Gaetani, Roberto; Forte, Elvira; Angelini, Francesco; De Falco, Elena; Zoccai, Giuseppe Biondi; Messina, Elisa; Frati, Giacomo; Giacomello, Alessandro

    2014-04-01

    Cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs) isolated as cardiospheres (CSs) and CS-derived cells (CDCs) are a promising tool for cardiac cell therapy in heart failure patients, having CDCs already been used in a phase I/II clinical trial. Culture standardization according to Good Manufacturing Practices (GMPs) is a mandatory step for clinical translation. One of the main issues raised is the use of xenogenic additives (e.g. FBS, foetal bovine serum) in cell culture media, which carries the risk of contamination with infectious viral/prion agents, and the possible induction of immunizing effects in the final recipient. In this study, B27 supplement and sera requirements to comply with European GMPs were investigated in CSs and CDCs cultures, in terms of process yield/efficiency and final cell product gene expression levels, as well as phenotype. B27- free CS cultures produced a significantly reduced yield and a 10-fold drop in c-kit expression levels versus B27+ media. Moreover, autologous human serum (aHS) and two different commercially available GMP AB HSs were compared with standard research-grade FBS. CPCs from all HSs explants had reduced growth rate, assumed a senescent-like morphology with time in culture, and/or displayed a significant shift towards the endothelial phenotype. Among three different GMP gamma-irradiated FBSs (giFBSs) tested, two provided unsatisfactory cell yields, while one performed optimally, in terms of CPCs yield/phenotype. In conclusion, the use of HSs for the isolation and expansion of CSs/CDCs has to be excluded because of altered proliferation and/or commitment, while media supplemented with B27 and the selected giFBS allows successful EU GMP-complying CPCs culture. PMID:24444305

  4. Introduction of an omega-3 enriched oral supplementation for cancer patients close to the first chemotherapy: may it be a factor for poor compliance?

    PubMed

    Pastore, Carla Alberici; Orlandi, Silvana Paiva; Gonzalez, M Cristina

    2014-01-01

    The present study aims to evaluate compliance of cancer patients to EPA-enriched supplementation at the beginning of chemotherapy, and its effects on inflammation. Gastrointestinal and lung cancer patients were randomly assigned to receive nutritional supplement enriched with 2.2 g EPA or standard isocaloric one. Supplements were introduced 72 h before the first chemotherapy and continued for 4 wk. Serum C-reactive protein was measured and its variation was analyzed according to tumor location and treatment group. Compliance was assessed by phone contact and counting of supplement bottles returned after treatment. Sixty-nine patients were assessed, mean aged 65.5 yr old, most of them (59%) men. Gastrointestinal cancer was more prevalent and lung cancer had the highest C-reactive protein values (P = 0.009). Twenty-four patients interrupted treatment (trend for more interruption in EPA group), mainly because of gastrointestinal intolerance. No difference was found in C-reactive protein variation between EPA and control groups after treatment. Lung tumors showed higher inflammation than gastrointestinal ones. A short intervention with EPA was insufficient to reduce inflammation, which may be caused by the frequent abandoning of treatment. The beginning of chemotherapy may not be the optimal time point to initiate EPA supplementation because uncomfortable effects of both treatments may lead to poor adherence.

  5. [A case of stage IV rectal cancer with whom EPA oral nutritional supplements could resolve cachectic condition and promote patient compliance with cancer chemotherapy].

    PubMed

    Hamamura, Kenji; Nakaya, Maki; Nakagawa, Mio; Miyazaki, Mitsukazu; Miki, Chikao

    2011-05-01

    We report a case of a Stage IV rectal cancer patient for whom EPA oral nutritional supplements promoted treatment compliance with cancer chemotherapy by resolving a refractory cachectic condition. A 76-year-old male who developed a local re-growth of residual disease and multiple lung metastases after abdomino-perineal resection for lower rectal cancer was referred to our clinic for chemotherapy. On admission, he suffered from a loss of appetite as well as a 30% loss of usual body weight, caused by a cachectic condition with systemic inflammatory response. On starting chemotherapy, his daily diet was supplemented with EPA containing oral nutritional supplements (EPA ONS). Within 2 weeks after initiating EPA ONS treatment, the systemic inflammatory response resolved, and at the same time, body weight and the serum level of albumin increased, which allowed treatment compliance with aggressive multidrug chemotherapy. The patient gained 10 kg in body weight even after 12 months of aggressive chemotherapy, and has attained a longstanding partial remission from the disease. Although cancer cachexia is generally regarded as an end-stage irreversible pathological condition, EPA ONS may promote patient compliance with cancer chemotherapy by resolving cachectic condition, and thus may improve survival.

  6. Toward better compliance with iron-folic acid supplements: understanding the behavior of poor urban pregnant women through ethnographic decision models in Vadodara, India.

    PubMed

    Ghanekar, Jai; Kanani, Shubhada; Patel, Sucheta

    2002-03-01

    This study made an attempt to develop ethnographic decision models to understand and improve iron-folic acid supplement procurement and compliance-related behaviors of poor urban pregnant women in Vadodara, India, based on data obtained through the use of qualitative research tools. Open-ended, in-depth interviews were conducted with 36 pregnant women (17-32 weeks of gestation) purposively selected from four urban slums. Fortnightly home visits were made to the houses of 20 pregnant women-family member pairs to elicit behaviors related to iron-folic acid supplement procurement and compliance at the household level, from which the ethnographic decision models were developed. The hemoglobin levels of these women were also assessed. Regular counseling until delivery, based on the ethnographic data, helped to improve compliance, which resulted in 95% of the women consuming over 90% of the required dose. The mean hemoglobin level also improved from 9.6 to 11.08 g/dl until the end of the last trimester. This study highlighted the need for qualitative ethnographic data to develop such models that would help in the understanding of specific behaviors that influence program acceptance. Such data would have policy-level implications, for example, developing appropriate information-education-communication material and counseling strategies.

  7. Handrub Consumption Mirrors Hand Hygiene Compliance.

    PubMed

    Haubitz, Sebastian; Atkinson, Andrew; Kaspar, Tanja; Nydegger, Doris; Eichenberger, Anne; Sommerstein, Rami; Marschall, Jonas

    2016-06-01

    We assessed handrub consumption as a surrogate marker for hand hygiene compliance from 2007 to 2014. Handrub consumption varied substantially between departments but correlated in a mixed effects regression model with the number of patient-days and the observed hand hygiene compliance. Handrub consumption may supplement traditional hand hygiene observations. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2016;37:707-710.

  8. Compliance status

    SciTech Connect

    Black, D.G.

    1995-06-01

    This section of the 1994 Hanford Site Environmental Report summarizes the activities conducted to ensure that the Hanford Site is in compliance with federal environmental protection statutes and related Washington State and local environmental protection regulations and the status of Hanford`s compliance with these requirements. Environmental permits required under the environmental protection regulations are discussed under the applicable statute.

  9. 77 FR 45695 - Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations; OMB Circular A-133 Compliance...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-01

    ... may be mailed to Gilbert Tran, Office of Federal Financial Management, Office of Management and Budget.... Subrecipients should contact their pass-through entity. Federal agencies should contact Gilbert Tran, Office...

  10. 78 FR 41424 - Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations; OMB Circular A-133 Compliance...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-10

    ... be submitted via facsimile at 202-395-3952. Comments may be mailed to Gilbert Tran, Office of Federal... contact Gilbert Tran, Office of Management and Budget, Office of Federal Financial Management, at...

  11. 46 CFR 71.15-5 - Alternate compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... rules and supplements are incorporated by reference into 46 CFR 8.110(b). ... 46 Shipping 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Alternate compliance. 71.15-5 Section 71.15-5 Shipping... Inspection of Vessels § 71.15-5 Alternate compliance. (a) In place of compliance with other...

  12. 46 CFR 91.15-5 - Alternate compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    .... Approved classification society rules and supplements are incorporated by reference into 46 CFR 8.110(b). ... 46 Shipping 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Alternate compliance. 91.15-5 Section 91.15-5 Shipping... CERTIFICATION Inspection of Vessels § 91.15-5 Alternate compliance. (a) In place of compliance with...

  13. 46 CFR 91.15-5 - Alternate compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    .... Approved classification society rules and supplements are incorporated by reference into 46 CFR 8.110(b). ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Alternate compliance. 91.15-5 Section 91.15-5 Shipping... CERTIFICATION Inspection of Vessels § 91.15-5 Alternate compliance. (a) In place of compliance with...

  14. 40 CFR 63.1257 - Test methods and compliance procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... flow due to supplemental gas. ER29AU00.003 Where: Ca = corrected outlet TOC, organic HAP, and hydrogen... requirements of 40 CFR part 264, subpart O, or has certified compliance with the interim status requirements of 40 CFR part 265, subpart O. (5) Initial compliance with alternative standard. Initial compliance...

  15. 40 CFR 63.1257 - Test methods and compliance procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... flow due to supplemental gas. ER29AU00.003 Where: Ca = corrected outlet TOC, organic HAP, and hydrogen... requirements of 40 CFR part 264, subpart O, or has certified compliance with the interim status requirements of 40 CFR part 265, subpart O. (5) Initial compliance with alternative standard. Initial compliance...

  16. Cable compliance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kerley, J.; Eklund, W.; Burkhardt, R.; Rossoni, P.

    1992-01-01

    The object of the investigation was to solve mechanical problems using cable-in-bending and cable-in-torsion. These problems included robotic contacts, targets, and controls using cable compliance. Studies continued in the use of cable compliance for the handicapped and the elderly. These included work stations, walkers, prosthetic knee joints, elbow joints, and wrist joints. More than half of these objects were met, and models were made and studies completed on most of the others. It was concluded that the many different and versatile solutions obtained only opened the door to many future challenges.

  17. Handwashing compliance.

    PubMed

    Antoniak, Jeannie

    2004-09-01

    Undeniably, handwashing remains the single most effective and cost-efficient method for preventing and reducing the transmission of nosocomial infections. Yet the rates and outbreaks of nosocomial infections in Canadian and international healthcare institutions continue to increase. Shaikh Khalifa Medical Center developed and implemented a multidisciplinary approach to address the challenges of handwashing compliance among nurses and healthcare workers in its workplace setting. Supported by evidence-based research, the approach consisted of three components: collaboration, implementation and evaluation. The use of the alcohol-based hand rub sanitizer or "solution" was integral to the multidisciplinary approach. Ongoing education, communication and a committed leadership were essential to promote and sustain handwashing compliance. PMID:15510782

  18. Training compliance

    SciTech Connect

    Clarke, A.N. )

    1989-02-01

    Legally mandated training to effect compliance with environmental regulations came into prominence with RCRA. Training and its associated recordkeeping requirements were to be in place by May 18, 1981, but, for the most part, this deadline went unnoticed. Whether the lack of response reflected that fact that the RCRA regulations were extremely confusing or that the training requirements were not taken seriously is hard to determine. Ironically, while RCRA facilities were frequently deficient in meeting the training requirements, it was this specific aspect of the regulations that inexperienced inspectors often targeted and cited. Over the years, through a combination of citations and, more importantly, an increasing appreciation of the benefits of training, the attitude toward regulatory compliance training slowly improved. This paper reflects the attitudes of both management and the workers receiving the training.

  19. 46 CFR 189.15-5 - Alternate compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... with the Alternate Compliance Program provisions of 46 CFR part 8. (b) For the purposes of this section... rules and supplements are incorporated by reference into 46 CFR 8.110(b). ... 46 Shipping 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Alternate compliance. 189.15-5 Section 189.15-5...

  20. 46 CFR 189.15-5 - Alternate compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... with the Alternate Compliance Program provisions of 46 CFR part 8. (b) For the purposes of this section... rules and supplements are incorporated by reference into 46 CFR 8.110(b). ... 46 Shipping 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Alternate compliance. 189.15-5 Section 189.15-5...

  1. 46 CFR 126.235 - Alternate compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    .... 3/85) may comply with the Alternate Compliance Program provisions of 46 CFR part 8. (b) For the....Approved classification society rules and supplements are incorporated by reference into 46 CFR 8.110(b). .... Contact Commandant (CG-ENG-2), Attn: Naval Architecture Division, U.S. Coast Guard Stop 7509, 2703...

  2. 46 CFR 126.235 - Alternate compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    .... 3/85) may comply with the Alternate Compliance Program provisions of 46 CFR part 8. (b) For the....Approved classification society rules and supplements are incorporated by reference into 46 CFR 8.110(b). .... Contact Commandant (CG-ENG-2), Attn: Naval Architecture Division, U.S. Coast Guard Stop 7509, 2703...

  3. 77 FR 48137 - Notice of Compliance Filing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Notice of Compliance Filing OREG 1, Inc.; OREG 2, Inc.; OREG 3, Inc.; Docket..., 2012, OREG 1, Inc., OREG 2, Inc., OREG 3, Inc., and OREG 4, Inc. submitted a supplement to...

  4. 46 CFR 126.235 - Alternate compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    .... Approved classification society rules and supplements are incorporated by reference into 46 CFR 8.110(b). .... 3/85) may comply with the Alternate Compliance Program provisions of 46 CFR part 8. (b) For the purposes of this section, a list of authorized classification societies, including information for...

  5. 46 CFR 107.205 - Alternate compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Alternate compliance. 107.205 Section 107.205 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) A-MOBILE OFFSHORE DRILLING UNITS INSPECTION AND.... Approved classification society rules and supplements are incorporated by reference into 46 CFR 8.110(b)....

  6. 46 CFR 107.205 - Alternate compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Alternate compliance. 107.205 Section 107.205 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) A-MOBILE OFFSHORE DRILLING UNITS INSPECTION AND.... Approved classification society rules and supplements are incorporated by reference into 46 CFR 8.110(b)....

  7. 46 CFR 107.205 - Alternate compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Alternate compliance. 107.205 Section 107.205 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) A-MOBILE OFFSHORE DRILLING UNITS INSPECTION AND.... Approved classification society rules and supplements are incorporated by reference into 46 CFR 8.110(b)....

  8. Dietary Supplements

    MedlinePlus

    Dietary supplements are vitamins, minerals, herbs, and many other products. They can come as pills, capsules, powders, drinks, ... possible Tell your health care provider about any dietary supplements you use Do not take a bigger dose ...

  9. Compliance and chronic disease.

    PubMed

    German, P S

    1988-03-01

    The shifting demographics of the population and increasing skill in treatment of chronic disease in this country have combined to make compliance a topic of greater salience than ever before. General issues of compliance are a necessary background to specific issues of compliance with regimens for single diseases such as hypertension. The definition of compliance continues to be modified, and examination of past work reveals certain consistencies in studies of compliance. Non-compliance is higher in chronic conditions, in activities requiring change in life-style, and in clinician-initiated visits. Noncomprehension of instructions is held to be the most frequent cause of noncompliance. Noncompliance is a threat to the course of treatment, increases unnecessary diagnostic procedures, and confounds evaluation of effectiveness. Factors related to compliance have been identified with regard to certain patient and disease characteristics, amount of support in the immediate environment, and the nature of the doctor-patient relationship. Older patients are often at greater risk in understanding regimens because clinicians educate this group less often, because symptoms are misunderstood by both patient and provider, and because of greater complexity in both conditions that are being treated and number of drugs and other aspects of treatment required. Methods of improving the doctor-patient relationship have been urged most recently as a means through which compliance can be increased.

  10. Calcium supplements

    MedlinePlus

    ... TYPES OF CALCIUM SUPPLEMENTS Forms of calcium include: Calcium carbonate: Over-the-counter (OTC) antacid products, such as Tums and Rolaids, contain calcium carbonate. These sources of calcium do not cost much. ...

  11. Dietary Supplements

    MedlinePlus

    ... are not intended to treat, diagnose, prevent, or cure diseases. Do not take supplements instead of your ... Partners Women's Health Topics Mammography Women and Diabetes HPV, HIV, Birth Control Heart Health for Women Pregnancy ...

  12. Nepali Supplements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peace Corps, Washington, DC.

    This volume is intended as a supplement to Nepali language instruction. It contains songs, numerals, dialogues in Devanagari script, a Nepali-English, English-Nepali glossary, and an English-Nepali surveyor technical glossary. (AM)

  13. 46 CFR 189.15-5 - Alternate compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... with the Alternate Compliance Program provisions of 46 CFR part 8. (b) For the purposes of this section, a list of authorized classification societies, including information for ordering copies of approved... rules and supplements are incorporated by reference into 46 CFR 8.110(b)....

  14. Environmental Report 1999 Data Supplement

    SciTech Connect

    Larson, J M; Biermann, A H; Harrach, R J; Althouse, P E; Bertoldo, N A; Blake, R G; Brandstetter, E R; Brigdon, S L; Brown, R A; Christofferson, E; Folks, K J; Gallegos, G M; Garcia, L M; Giesing, T A; Grayson, A R; Hall, L C; MacQueen, D H; Mathews, S; Peterson, S R; Taffet, M J; Tate, P J; Vellinger, R J; Ward, R J; Williams, R A

    2000-09-01

    This Data Supplement to the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's (LLNL's) annual ''Environmental Report 1999'' was prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy. The main volume is intended to provide all information on LLNL's environmental impact and compliance activities that is of interest to most readers. The Data Supplement supports main volume summary data and is essentially a detailed data report that provides individual data points, where applicable. Some summary data are also included in the Data Supplement, and more detailed accounts are given of sample collection and analytical methods. The two volumes are organized in a parallel fashion to aid the reader in cross-referencing between them. This supplement includes more detailed information to support the nine chapters in the main volume that cover monitoring of air, air effluent, sewerable water, surface water, ground water, soil and sediment, vegetation and foodstuff, environmental radiation, and quality assurance. The other five chapters in the main volume have no supporting information in the Data Supplement. As in our previous annual reports, data are presented in Systeme International (SI) units. In particular, the primary units used for radiological results are becquerels and sieverts for activity and dose, with curies and rem used secondarily (1 Bq = 2.7 x 10{sup -11} Ci; 1 Sv = 100 rem).

  15. Environmental Report 2000 Data Supplement

    SciTech Connect

    Biermann, A H; Althouse, P E; Bertoldo, N A; Blake, R G; Brigdon, S L; Brown, R A; Campbell, C G; Christofferson, E; Clark, L M; Folks, K J; Gallegos, G M; Grayson, A R; Harrach, R J; Larson, J M; MacQueen, D H; Mathews, S; Nisbet, B; Ring Peterson, S; Taffet, M J; Tate, P J; Vellinger, R J; Williams, R A

    2001-09-01

    This Data Supplement to the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's (LLNL's) annual ''Environmental Report 2000'' was prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy. The main volume is intended to provide all information on LLNL's environmental impact and compliance activities that is of interest to most readers. The Data Supplement supports main volume summary data and is essentially a detailed data report that provides individual data points, where applicable. Some summary data are also included in the Data Supplement, and more detailed accounts are given of sample collection and analytical methods. The two volumes are organized in a parallel fashion to aid the reader in cross-referencing between them. This supplement includes more detailed information to support the nine chapters in the main volume that cover monitoring of air surveillance, air effluent, sewerable water, surface water, groundwater, soil and sediment, vegetation and foodstuff, environmental radiation, and quality assurance. The other five chapters in the main volume have no supporting information in the Data Supplement. As in our previous annual reports, data are presented in Systeme International (SI) units. In particular, the primary units used for radiological results are becquerels and sieverts for activity and dose, with curies and rem used secondarily (1 Bq = 2.7 x 10{sup -11} Ci; 1 Sv = 100 rem).

  16. Environmental Compliance Guide

    SciTech Connect

    1981-02-01

    The Guide is intended to assist Department of Energy personnel by providing information on the NEPA process, the processes of other environmental statutes that bear on the NEPA process, the timing relationships between the NEPA process and these other processes, as well as timing relationships between the NEPA process and the development process for policies, programs, and projects. This information should be helpful not only in formulating environmental compliance plans but also in achieving compliance with NEPA and various other environmental statutes. The Guide is divided into three parts with related appendices: Part I provides guidance for developing environmental compliance plans for DOE actions; Part II is devoted to NEPA with detailed flowcharts depicting the compliance procedures required by CEQ regulations and Department of Energy NEPA Guidelines; and Part III contains a series of flowcharts for other Federal environmental requirements that may apply to DOE projects.

  17. Environmental Compliance Assistance Tool

    1999-04-16

    ENVIROCAT is a database/knowledge base software system designed to assist in environment, safety and health (ES&H) regulatory compliance assessments of manufacturing processes. Materials and processes are mapped to ES&H regulations. The regulations database identifies materials'' quantities and limits of compliance. Materials are identified per descriptive name or CAS number. ENVIROCAT has an interactive user/tool capability such that a question and answer session on materials and processes is custom tailored to a particular manufacturing site.

  18. Compliance through pollution prevention

    SciTech Connect

    McCarty, B.D.; Coyle, S.; Kachel, W.M.

    1999-07-01

    Decreased budgetary resources have caused the Air Force Materiel Command to look for a better way to target pollution prevention investments. The new paradigm, Compliance through Pollution Prevention (CTP2), is based upon the Code of Environmental Management Principles (CEMP) for federal facilities. It provides a procedure to assure that all future AFMC P2 investments result in the greatest reduction in environmental compliance burden possible. This paper describes the evolution of this new environmental management system, both past and future.

  19. Glutamine supplementation.

    PubMed

    Wernerman, Jan

    2011-07-18

    Intravenous glutamine supplementation is standard care when parenteral nutrition is given for critical illness. There are data of a reduced mortality when glutamine supplementation is given. In addition, standard commercial products for parenteral nutrition do not contain any glutamine due to glutamine instability in aqueous solutions. For the majority of critical ill patients who are fed enterally, the available evidence is insufficient to recommend glutamine supplementation. Standard formulation of enteral nutrition contains some glutamine: 2-4 g/L. However, this dose is insufficient to normalize glutamine plasma concentration.Plasma concentration of glutamine is low in many patients with critical illness and a low level is an independent risk factor for mortality. A low plasma glutamine concentration is the best indicator of glutamine depletion. Data are emerging about how the endogenous production of glutamine is regulated. We know that skeletal muscle is the major producer of glutamine and that a part of the profound depletion of skeletal muscle seen in critical illness is a reflection of the need to produce glutamine.Glutamine is utilized in rapidly dividing cells in the splanchnic area. Quantitatively most glutamine is oxidized, but the availability of glutamine in surplus is important for the de novo synthesis of nucleotides and necessary for cell division and protein synthesis. More knowledge about the regulation of the endogenous production of glutamine is needed to outline better guidelines for glutamine supplementation in the future.

  20. Sports Supplements

    MedlinePlus

    ... specialist. The doc will be able to offer alternatives to supplements based on your body and sport. Reviewed by: Mary L. Gavin, MD Date reviewed: January 2015 previous 1 • 2 • 3 For Teens For Kids For Parents MORE ON THIS TOPIC Sports Center Energy Drinks and Food Bars: Power or Hype? A ...

  1. The ideal compliance world: integrating physicians into the compliance program.

    PubMed

    Belton, P R; Roughton, S E

    1999-12-01

    Compliance officers are in a unique position to provide guidance to physicians and will succeed in gaining physician support and buy-in when appropriate steps are taken to integrate physicians into the compliance program. First and foremost, the compliance officer's primary responsibility is to apprise physicians of the seriousness nature of current compliance issues. When physicians are provided with clear information through a variety of media, they will understand that compliance program goals and objectives will resolve compliance-related issues dilemmas. Next, the compliance officer should expect no less than the ideal compliance world. Recruit physician champions who will actively participate in compliance program planning and development. Call upon medical staff members to get involved in implementation stages of compliance action plans and engage physician leaders to educate and train their physician peers on compliance-related issues. Most importantly, minimize individual physician liability by providing adequate education programs to physicians. Help them to master the art of coding and documentation and to mitigate any prospect of fraud and abuse or compliance-related concerns. Last, collaboration is the key--the compliance officer must provide guidance to the physician so that the physician may continue to fulfill the role of leader and healer. In turn, the physician must recognize that his or her actions and those of the hospital and system are inseparable and that they must actively participate in compliance program initiatives.

  2. 75 FR 6186 - Information Collection Requirement; Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Part 205...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-08

    ... Defense Acquisition Regulations System Information Collection Requirement; Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Part 205, Publicizing Contract Actions AGENCY: Defense Acquisition Regulations System... approved information collection requirement. SUMMARY: In compliance with Section 3506(c)(2)(A) of...

  3. 75 FR 20825 - Information Collection Requirement; Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; DoD Pilot...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-21

    ... Defense Acquisition Regulations System Information Collection Requirement; Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; DoD Pilot Mentor-Protege Program AGENCY: Defense Acquisition Regulations System... approved information collection requirement. ] SUMMARY: In compliance with section 3506(c)(2)(A) of...

  4. 76 FR 50461 - Information Collection Requirement; Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Types of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-15

    ... Defense Acquisition Regulations System Information Collection Requirement; Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Types of Contracts AGENCY: Defense Acquisition Regulations System, Department of... information collection requirement. SUMMARY: In compliance with Section 3506(c)(2)(A) of the...

  5. 78 FR 70025 - Information Collection Requirement; Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-22

    ... Defense Acquisition Regulations System Information Collection Requirement; Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Subcontracting Policies and Procedures AGENCY: Defense Acquisition Regulations System... approved information collection requirement. SUMMARY: In compliance with section 3506(c)(2)(A) of...

  6. Compliance and phototherapy.

    PubMed

    Brownell, Joshua; Wang, Stephanie; Tsoukas, Maria M

    2016-01-01

    When beginning a phototherapy regimen for a patient, consideration of compliance rates is important. Compliance to phototherapy can be affected by several factors, including the grade of discomfort and side effects from therapy, failure of previous therapies, accessibility and convenience to reach the phototherapy center, grade of improvement during phototherapy, patient relief due to light therapy, and rapport with staff. Understanding how these factors can affect patient adherence can allow for phototherapy regimens to be tailored in a manner that optimizes health outcomes and allows for proper patient selection. PMID:27638436

  7. COBRA compliance. Audit guidelines.

    PubMed

    Pranschke, S C

    1996-01-01

    An employer should evaluate the status of its records on COBRA compliance, paying particular attention to items the IRS will request. Prompt correction of any short-comings can help to decrease exposure during a COBRA audit. An added advantage will be a more systematic administration of this area of employee benefits.

  8. Pass to Compliance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robb, Sam

    1998-01-01

    Offers advice on washroom compliance with Americans with Disabilities Act Title III (ADA) regulations during school construction and renovation projects. Critical issues concerning bathroom accessibility and practical solutions in washroom design are discussed. Other recommended, non-ADA restroom design guidelines for elementary schools are…

  9. Quarantine stressing voluntary compliance.

    PubMed

    DiGiovanni, Cleto; Bowen, Nancy; Ginsberg, Michele; Giles, Gregory

    2005-11-01

    A 1-day table-top exercise in San Diego, California, in December 2004 emphasized voluntary compliance with home quarantine to control an emerging infectious disease outbreak. The exercise heightened local civilian-military collaboration in public health emergency management. Addressing concerns about lost income by residents in quarantine was particularly challenging. PMID:16318738

  10. Environmental compliance and cleanup

    SciTech Connect

    Black, D.G.

    1995-06-01

    This section of the 1994 Hanford Site Environmental Report summarizes the roles of the principal agencies, organizations, and public in environmental compliance and cleanup of the Hanford Site. Regulatory oversight, the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order, the role of Indian tribes, public participation, and CERCLA Natural Resource Damage Assessment Trustee Activities are all discussed.

  11. The Compliance Racket

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Kevin R.

    2007-01-01

    Compliance officers investigate, report on, and oversee the correction of behaviors that fail to comply with the law. At colleges they monitor a vast array of regulatory requirements in areas as diverse as health care, scientific research, immigration, labor law, and environmental safety. Until recently the strongest argument in favor of a…

  12. Planning for AHERA Compliance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kimbrell, W. David

    1988-01-01

    Compliance regulations for the Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act (AHERA) are so complex that each school district must name an asbestos coordinator. Discusses requirements for the October 12, 1988, and July 9, 1989, deadlines and how to meet these requirements. (MLF)

  13. Making corporate compliance programs work.

    PubMed

    Chibbaro, M J; Colyer, C

    2000-05-01

    Healthcare organizations have created corporate compliance programs in an effort to adhere to Federal government recommendations, minimize the risk of wrongful behavior, and possibly reduce fines that may result from a government investigation. Compliance programs may have undetected weaknesses. Corporate compliance officers, executives, and board members need to be certain that their organization's program has sufficient infrastructure, oversight, and resources; effective education and training; an effective mechanism (hotline) to receive reports of compliance problems; and ongoing auditing and monitoring capabilities.

  14. Agent Architectures for Compliance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burgemeestre, Brigitte; Hulstijn, Joris; Tan, Yao-Hua

    A Normative Multi-Agent System consists of autonomous agents who must comply with social norms. Different kinds of norms make different assumptions about the cognitive architecture of the agents. For example, a principle-based norm assumes that agents can reflect upon the consequences of their actions; a rule-based formulation only assumes that agents can avoid violations. In this paper we present several cognitive agent architectures for self-monitoring and compliance. We show how different assumptions about the cognitive architecture lead to different information needs when assessing compliance. The approach is validated with a case study of horizontal monitoring, an approach to corporate tax auditing recently introduced by the Dutch Customs and Tax Authority.

  15. Benchmarking HIPAA compliance.

    PubMed

    Wagner, James R; Thoman, Deborah J; Anumalasetty, Karthikeyan; Hardre, Pat; Ross-Lazarov, Tsvetomir

    2002-01-01

    One of the nation's largest academic medical centers is benchmarking its operations using internally developed software to improve privacy/confidentiality of protected health information (PHI) and to enhance data security to comply with HIPAA regulations. It is also coordinating the development of a web-based interactive product that can help hospitals, physician practices, and managed care organizations measure their compliance with HIPAA regulations.

  16. Cognitive effects of creatine ethyl ester supplementation.

    PubMed

    Ling, Jonathan; Kritikos, Minos; Tiplady, Brian

    2009-12-01

    Supplementation with creatine-based substances as a means of enhancing athletic performance has become widespread. Until recently, however, the effects of creatine supplementation on cognitive performance has been given little attention. This study used a new form of creatine--creatine ethyl ester--to investigate whether supplementation would improve performance in five cognitive tasks, using a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Creatine dosing led to an improvement over the placebo condition on several measures. Although creatine seems to facilitate cognition on some tasks, these results require replication using objective measures of compliance. The improvement is discussed in the context of research examining the influence of brain energy capacity on cognitive performance. PMID:19773644

  17. True arterial system compliance estimated from apparent arterial compliance.

    PubMed

    Quick, C M; Berger, D S; Hettrick, D A; Noordergraaf, A

    2000-03-01

    A new method has been developed to estimate total arterial compliance from measured input pressure and flow. In contrast to other methods, this method does not rely on fitting the elements of a lumped model to measured data. Instead, it relies on measured input impedance and peripheral resistance to calculate the relationship of arterial blood volume to input pressure. Generally, this transfer function is a complex function of frequency and is called the apparent arterial compliance. At very low frequencies, the confounding effect of pulse wave reflection disappears, and apparent compliance becomes total arterial compliance. This study reveals that frequency components of pressure and flow below heart rate are generally necessary to obtain a valid estimate of compliance. Thus, the ubiquitous practice of estimating total arterial compliance from a single cardiac cycle is suspect under most circumstances, since a single cardiac cycle does not contain these frequencies. PMID:10784093

  18. Aspects of taste and compliance in patients with cancer.

    PubMed

    Ravasco, Paula

    2005-01-01

    Taste alterations are common in patients with cancer, and can be the result of the disease itself and/or its treatment(s). Specifically, chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy to the head and neck area have been shown to induce significant taste changes. Alterations in taste are distressing for patients and can lead to food aversions, a reduction in food intake and nutritional deficits. Ultimately, this can lead to weight loss and, in severe cases, malnutrition, which has been associated with poor patient outcomes, including a negative effect on survival. Dietary counselling and advice tailored to the individual can improve nutritional status, and several effective strategies are available to accommodate taste changes and increase nutritional intake. Oral supplements may provide additional nutritional support when dietary intake is insufficient. The success of supplementation depends, however, on the product acceptability and on patient compliance over the long term. Patient compliance is linked to perceived supplement taste, which may be affected by a variety of taste changes reported by patients both before and after therapy, or as a consequence of disease progression. Supplements which offer a variety of flavours are likely to prove beneficial by helping to prevent taste fatigue. In addition, individuals appear to exhibit distinct preferences for particular flavours at different time points during treatment.

  19. Compliance and noncompliance in asthma.

    PubMed

    Kaiser, Harold B

    2007-01-01

    Compliance and noncompliance are big issues in asthma management. It has been well established that compliant patients experience less exacerbations than less compliant patients and that compliance rates often are <50%. The reasons for noncompliance are multiple and complex and not always clearly understood. Methods proposed to improve compliance include patient education, more partnership care, less frequent dosing, simple schedules, diaries, etc. Less dosing and simple schedules are most effective. It is difficult to improve compliance overall and despite extensive research and efforts, rates of compliance remain low. Noncompliance in asthma management is a fact of life and no single compliance-improving strategy probably will be as effective as a good physician-patient relationship. PMID:18034967

  20. [Importance of compliance in nutritional management. Case report].

    PubMed

    Mikulka, Ilona

    2016-04-10

    Disease-related malnutrition is usually caused by the joint action of the underlying disease itself and dietary deficiency. The consequences of malnutrition, if left untreated, are serious, causing a marked decline in physical and psychological health and function, and an increased rate of complications and decreased effectiveness of the medical treatments. In case a functional gastrointestinal tract is present, the recommended form of nutritional management is the use of oral nutritional supplements. However, just like to any other therapy, compliance to oral nutritional supplements is highly influenced by the consistency, taste, smell, volume consumed, and side effects. The aim of the present case report is to illustrate that nutritional management is a successful and effective treatment option of disease-related malnutrition when the selection of the oral nutritional supplement takes into consideration patient's preferences as well.

  1. [Importance of compliance in nutritional management. Case report].

    PubMed

    Mikulka, Ilona

    2016-04-10

    Disease-related malnutrition is usually caused by the joint action of the underlying disease itself and dietary deficiency. The consequences of malnutrition, if left untreated, are serious, causing a marked decline in physical and psychological health and function, and an increased rate of complications and decreased effectiveness of the medical treatments. In case a functional gastrointestinal tract is present, the recommended form of nutritional management is the use of oral nutritional supplements. However, just like to any other therapy, compliance to oral nutritional supplements is highly influenced by the consistency, taste, smell, volume consumed, and side effects. The aim of the present case report is to illustrate that nutritional management is a successful and effective treatment option of disease-related malnutrition when the selection of the oral nutritional supplement takes into consideration patient's preferences as well. PMID:27039999

  2. The psychology of compliance.

    PubMed

    Condor, B

    1997-01-01

    There is no single personality trait, psychological condition, socioeconomic factor or stage of disease that can reliably be used to predict drug compliance. Missing doses of protease inhibitors can lead to drug resistance, so complying with a treatment regimen is critical. One major issue is the timing of medication; some drugs need to be taken with foods, some without, and many complex treatment regimens specify rigid times at which the drugs should be taken. Patients are encouraged to keep a written record of their care, and are more likely to comply if they know the reasons why it is necessary and are prepared to expect some physical discomfort.

  3. Identifying barriers to billing compliance.

    PubMed

    Lorence, Daniel P; Ibrahim, Ibrahim Awad

    2003-01-01

    Programs designed toward the control of health care fraud are leading to increasingly aggressive enforcement and prosecutorial efforts by federal regulators, related to over-reimbursement for service providers. Greater penalties for fraudulent practices have been touted as an effective deterrent to practices that encourage, or fail to prevent, incorrect claims for reimbursement. In such a context, this study sought to examine the extent of compliance management barriers through a national survey of all accredited US health information managers, examining likely barriers to payment of health care claims. Using data from a series of surveys on the stated compliance actions of more than 16,000 health care managers, we find that the publication and dissemination of compliance enforcement regulations had a significant effect on the reduction of fraud. Results further suggest that significant non-adoption of proper billing compliance measures continues to occur, despite the existence of counter-fraud prosecution risk designed to enforce proper compliance. Finally, we identify benchmarks of compliance management and show how they vary across demographic, practice setting, and market characteristics. We find significant variation in influence across practice settings and managed care markets. While greater publicity related to proper billing procedures generally leads to greater compliance awareness, this trend may have created pockets of "institutional non-compliance," which result in an increase in the prevalence of non-compliant management actions. As a more general proposition, we find that it is not sufficient to consider compliance actions independent of institutional or industry-wide influences. PMID:12967244

  4. 42 CFR 425.300 - Compliance plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Compliance plan. 425.300 Section 425.300 Public... Protections § 425.300 Compliance plan. (a) The ACO must have a compliance plan that includes at least the...) An ACO's compliance plan must be in compliance with and be updated periodically to reflect changes...

  5. 42 CFR 425.300 - Compliance plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Compliance plan. 425.300 Section 425.300 Public... Protections § 425.300 Compliance plan. (a) The ACO must have a compliance plan that includes at least the...) An ACO's compliance plan must be in compliance with and be updated periodically to reflect changes...

  6. 28 CFR 12.70 - Partial compliance not deemed compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Partial compliance not deemed compliance. 12.70 Section 12.70 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE REGISTRATION OF CERTAIN PERSONS HAVING KNOWLEDGE OF FOREIGN ESPIONAGE, COUNTERESPIONAGE, OR SABOTAGE MATTERS UNDER THE ACT OF AUGUST...

  7. Quality beyond compliance.

    PubMed

    Centanni, N; Monroe, M; White, L; Larson, R

    1999-01-01

    The service sector within the biopharmaceutical industry has experienced phenomenal growth over the past decade. In the highly regulated Good Laboratory Practices environment, the need for timely, high-quality service, accurate results, and on-time deliverables becomes paramount for the success and profitability of biopharmaceutical companies. The quality assurance process is a vital component of this drug product-development cycle and ensures compliance to the highest domestic and international regulatory standards. Quality-assurance professionals historically have held the role of independent auditors of the processes, who certify that results meet current standards of practice. Covance, a contract research organization that includes Good Laboratory Practices laboratories, reorganized and expanded the functional responsibilities of its quality assurance team in 1997. Auditors and quality assurance professionals have assumed roles beyond traditional compliance auditing and are forging new leadership and mentoring roles as process-improvement specialists. The results have been tangible, measurable benefits for clients and the Covance organization. This article provides an overview of this cultural change and the processes put in place to improve efficiency, productivity, and customer and employee satisfaction.

  8. Quality beyond compliance.

    PubMed

    Centanni, N; Monroe, M; White, L; Larson, R

    1999-01-01

    The service sector within the biopharmaceutical industry has experienced phenomenal growth over the past decade. In the highly regulated Good Laboratory Practices environment, the need for timely, high-quality service, accurate results, and on-time deliverables becomes paramount for the success and profitability of biopharmaceutical companies. The quality assurance process is a vital component of this drug product-development cycle and ensures compliance to the highest domestic and international regulatory standards. Quality-assurance professionals historically have held the role of independent auditors of the processes, who certify that results meet current standards of practice. Covance, a contract research organization that includes Good Laboratory Practices laboratories, reorganized and expanded the functional responsibilities of its quality assurance team in 1997. Auditors and quality assurance professionals have assumed roles beyond traditional compliance auditing and are forging new leadership and mentoring roles as process-improvement specialists. The results have been tangible, measurable benefits for clients and the Covance organization. This article provides an overview of this cultural change and the processes put in place to improve efficiency, productivity, and customer and employee satisfaction. PMID:10707374

  9. Effects of peer mediation on preschoolers' compliance and compliance precursors.

    PubMed

    Beaulieu, Lauren; Hanley, Gregory P; Roberson, Aleasha A

    2013-01-01

    We used a multiple baseline design across participants to evaluate the effects of teaching 4 typically developing preschoolers to attend to their names and to a group call (referred to as precursors) on their compliance with typical classroom instructions. We then measured the extent to which the effects on both precursors and compliance were maintained when the teaching procedures were removed. Levels of compliance eventually decreased for all children. A multiple baseline design across participants was then used to evaluate the effects of peer mediation on the maintenance of precursors and compliance. Peer mediation involved teaching the children to either remind one another to engage in a precursor or praise one another for engaging in a precursor. Compliance improved with all children as a function of teaching precursors, and these changes were maintained through the use of peer mediation.

  10. 42 CFR 488.26 - Determining compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION SURVEY, CERTIFICATION, AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES General Provisions § 488.26 Determining compliance. (a) Additional rules for certification of compliance for SNFs and NFs... adhere to the following principles in determining compliance with participation requirements: (1)...

  11. 42 CFR 488.26 - Determining compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION SURVEY, CERTIFICATION, AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES General Provisions § 488.26 Determining compliance. (a) Additional rules for certification of compliance for SNFs and NFs... adhere to the following principles in determining compliance with participation requirements: (1)...

  12. 29 CFR 500.2 - Compliance with State laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compliance with State laws and regulations. 500.2 Section... State laws and regulations. The Act and these regulations are intended to supplement State law... State law or regulation....

  13. 46 CFR 8.440 - Vessel enrollment in the Alternate Compliance Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... recognized classification society authorized by the Coast Guard to determine compliance with applicable international treaties and agreements, the classification society's class rules, and the U.S. Supplement prepared by the classification society and accepted by the Coast Guard. (b) A vessel owner or...

  14. 46 CFR 8.440 - Vessel enrollment in the Alternate Compliance Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... recognized classification society authorized by the Coast Guard to determine compliance with applicable international treaties and agreements, the classification society's class rules, and the U.S. Supplement prepared by the classification society and accepted by the Coast Guard. (b) A vessel owner or...

  15. 46 CFR 8.440 - Vessel enrollment in the Alternate Compliance Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... recognized classification society authorized by the Coast Guard to determine compliance with applicable international treaties and agreements, the classification society's class rules, and the U.S. Supplement prepared by the classification society and accepted by the Coast Guard. (b) A vessel owner or...

  16. Environmental Compliance Assessment System (ECAS) - Japan settlement. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Krooks, D.A.; Hurt, T.M.

    1993-12-01

    The U.S. Army has adopted an environmental compliance program that identifies compliance problems before they are cited as violations by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). Major Army Commands (MACOMs) must conduct comprehensive environmental assessments at all installations on a 4-year cycle and conduct a mid-cycle internal assessment. Because each MACOM developed a separate system, the Army mandated a unified, Army-wide assessment mechanism, which combines Federal, Department of Defense (DOD), and Army environmental regulations; good management practices; and risk-management issues into a series of checklists that show requirements and specific items or operations to review. Each protocol lists a point of contact to help assessors review checklist items. The Worldwide Environmental Compliance Assessment System (ECAS) manual incorporates checklists from USEPA and from private industry. It integrates information from the Overseas Environmental Baseline Guidance Document (OEBGD). Worldwide ECAS includes pertinent information from Army Regulations and DOD Directives and Instructions and cites management practices for an overall environmental review. The ECAS JAPAN supplement incorporates Japanese legislation, regulations, and suggested management practices. It was developed for use in conjunction with the Worldwide ECAS manuals (USACERL SR-EC-93/03) and is updated continually to address changes in Japanese laws and regulations. Environmental Compliance Assessment System (ECAS), Environmental law--Japan, Environmental assessment.

  17. Emerging Supplements in Sports

    PubMed Central

    Mason, Bryan C.; Lavallee, Mark E.

    2012-01-01

    Context: Nutritional supplements advertised as ergogenic are commonly used by athletes at all levels. Health care professionals have an opportunity and responsibility to counsel athletes concerning the safety and efficacy of supplements on the market. Evidence Acquisition: An Internet search of common fitness and bodybuilding sites was performed to identify supplement promotions. A search of MEDLINE (2000–August, 2011) was performed using the most commonly identified supplements, including glutamine, choline, methoxyisoflavone, quercetin, zinc/magnesium aspartate, and nitric oxide. The search terms supplement, ergogenic aid, and performance were also used. Results: Six common and newer supplements were identified, including glutamine, choline, methoxyisoflavone, quercetin, zinc/magnesium aspartate, and nitric oxide. Conclusions: Controlled studies have not determined the effects of these supplements on performance in athletes. Scientific evidence is not available to support the use of these supplements for performance enhancement. PMID:23016081

  18. Multivitamin/Mineral Supplements

    MedlinePlus

    ... Nutrient recommendations: Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) Online DRI tool Daily Value (DV) tables For more advice on buying dietary supplements: Office of Dietary Supplements Frequently Asked Questions: Which brand(s) ...

  19. Herbal Supplements and Hepatotoxicity: A Short Review.

    PubMed

    Haslan, Haszianaliza; Suhaimi, Farihah Haji; Das, Srijit

    2015-10-01

    Herbal products have gained popularity over the past few decades. The reasons attributed to the rise in popularity are cheaper costs, easy availability, patient compliance and fewer side effects. However, liver toxicity following consumption of herbal remedies is on the increase. Thus, there is an urgent need to understand the mechanism of action of the herbal supplements on the liver. Occasionally, herbal supplements may also interact with conventional drugs. The present review focusses on a few herbs such as Aloe barbadensis, Atractylis gummifera, Centella asiatica, Mitragyna speciosa, Morinda citrifolia, Larea tridentata, Symphytum officinale, Teucrium chamaedrys and Xanthium strumarium, which are reported to cause hepatotoxicity in humans and animals. Prior knowledge on hepatotoxicity caused by herbs may be beneficial for clinicians and medical practitioners. PMID:26669124

  20. Oil Mist Compliance

    SciTech Connect

    Lazarus, Lloyd

    2009-02-02

    This report summarizes activities at the KCP related to evaluating and modifying machine tools in order to be in compliance with Section 23 of DOE 10 CFR 851, Worker Safety and Health Program. Section 851.23 (a) states that “Contractors must comply with the following safety and health standards that are applicable to the hazards in their covered workplace”, and subsection 9 contains the following applicable standard: “American Congress of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), ‘Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents and Biological Exposure Indices,’ (2005) (incorporated by reference, see §851.27) when the ACGIH Threshold Limit Values are lower (more protective) than permissible exposure limits in 29 CFR 1910.” In the 2005 ACGIH – Threshold Limit Value book a Notice of Change was issued for exposure to mineral oil mist used in metalworking fluids (MWFs). The effects of planning for the new facility and which machine tools would be making the transition to the new facility affected which machine tools were modified.

  1. Effective health care corporate compliance.

    PubMed

    Saum, T B; Byassee, J

    2000-01-01

    The pace and intensity of oversight and investigation of health care organizations has greatly increased at all levels. Well run organizations with ethical management committed to following all laws and regulations are still at risk for compliance violations and punitive penalties. Under the Federal Sentencing Guidelines, organizations with an "effective" corporate compliance program may receive reduced penalties. The seven components of an effective program as defined in the guidelines are: (1) Standards and procedures; (2) oversight responsibilities; (3) employee training; (4) monitoring and auditing; (5) reporting systems; (6) enforcement and discipline; and (7) response and prevention. Lack of a compliance program needlessly exposes the organization to an avoidable risk of damage from non-compliance--whether intentional or not. Moreover, an effective program can contribute to the efficient operation of the organization and be a key piece of its corporate culture. PMID:10947465

  2. Effective health care corporate compliance.

    PubMed

    Saum, T B; Byassee, J

    2000-01-01

    The pace and intensity of oversight and investigation of health care organizations has greatly increased at all levels. Well run organizations with ethical management committed to following all laws and regulations are still at risk for compliance violations and punitive penalties. Under the Federal Sentencing Guidelines, organizations with an "effective" corporate compliance program may receive reduced penalties. The seven components of an effective program as defined in the guidelines are: (1) Standards and procedures; (2) oversight responsibilities; (3) employee training; (4) monitoring and auditing; (5) reporting systems; (6) enforcement and discipline; and (7) response and prevention. Lack of a compliance program needlessly exposes the organization to an avoidable risk of damage from non-compliance--whether intentional or not. Moreover, an effective program can contribute to the efficient operation of the organization and be a key piece of its corporate culture.

  3. A critical analysis of compliance.

    PubMed

    Murphy, N; Canales, M

    2001-09-01

    In nursing the word compliance has competing meanings. In order to understand these meanings, nursing literature was reviewed and a critical analysis of this concept was undertaken. This included an examination of how nursing was located in relation to the historical controversy surrounding the term compliance. The philosophy that undergirds this analysis is critical theory scholarship, which focuses on language as a vehicle for social control and domination. Literature was critically analyzed according to how nurse authors define the term compliance and the historical context in which the term was used. Analysis of the literature revealed three distinct categories: evaluative, rationalization, and acceptance. Each of these categories is described and the selection criteria identified. We recommend that, nurses intent on conducting future compliance research, consider emancipatory models for their investigations. PMID:11882216

  4. 10 CFR 434.604 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Compliance. 434.604 Section 434.604 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Compliance Alternative § 434.604 Compliance. 604.1 Compliance with this section...

  5. 10 CFR 434.604 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Compliance. 434.604 Section 434.604 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Compliance Alternative § 434.604 Compliance. 604.1 Compliance with this section...

  6. 10 CFR 434.604 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Compliance. 434.604 Section 434.604 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Compliance Alternative § 434.604 Compliance. 604.1 Compliance with this section...

  7. 10 CFR 434.604 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Compliance. 434.604 Section 434.604 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Compliance Alternative § 434.604 Compliance. 604.1 Compliance with this section...

  8. 10 CFR 434.604 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Compliance. 434.604 Section 434.604 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Compliance Alternative § 434.604 Compliance. 604.1 Compliance with this section...

  9. 10 CFR 820.41 - Compliance order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Compliance order. 820.41 Section 820.41 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROCEDURAL RULES FOR DOE NUCLEAR ACTIVITIES Compliance Orders § 820.41 Compliance order. The Secretary may issue to any person involved in a DOE nuclear activity a Compliance Order that: (a) Identifies a situation that violates,...

  10. 15 CFR 700.75 - Compliance conflicts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Compliance conflicts. 700.75 Section... DEFENSE PRIORITIES AND ALLOCATIONS SYSTEM Compliance § 700.75 Compliance conflicts. If compliance with any... notify the Department of Commerce for resolution of the conflict....

  11. 15 CFR 700.75 - Compliance conflicts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... notify the Department of Commerce for resolution of the conflict. ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Compliance conflicts. 700.75 Section... DEFENSE PRIORITIES AND ALLOCATIONS SYSTEM Compliance § 700.75 Compliance conflicts. If compliance with...

  12. 45 CFR 160.308 - Compliance reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Compliance reviews. 160.308 Section 160.308 Public... GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS Compliance and Investigations § 160.308 Compliance reviews. The Secretary may conduct compliance reviews to determine whether covered entities are complying with...

  13. 29 CFR 34.40 - Compliance reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Compliance reviews. 34.40 Section 34.40 Labor Office of the... TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT OF 1982, AS AMENDED (JTPA) Compliance Procedures § 34.40 Compliance reviews. (a) The Director may from time to time conduct pre- and post-approval compliance reviews of...

  14. 29 CFR 34.40 - Compliance reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Compliance reviews. 34.40 Section 34.40 Labor Office of the... TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT OF 1982, AS AMENDED (JTPA) Compliance Procedures § 34.40 Compliance reviews. (a) The Director may from time to time conduct pre- and post-approval compliance reviews of...

  15. Privacy: after the compliance date.

    PubMed

    Mikels, Debbie

    2004-01-01

    This article reviews successful strategies in preparing for HIPAA Privacy compliance. There are ongoing challenges organizations will face after the compliance date, such as managing research issues, identifying all business associates and managing the accounting of disclosures process. Finally, health information professionals must play an active role in ensuring that patient information is protected, while providing appropriate access as new uses for information are developed.

  16. Hazardous Waste Compliance Program Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Potter, G.L.; Holstein, K.A.

    1994-05-01

    The Hazardous Waste Compliance Program Plan (HWCPP) describes how the Rocky Flats Plant institutes a more effective waste management program designed to achieve and maintain strict adherence to the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) requirements. Emphasis is given to improve integration of line operations with programmatic and functional support activities necessary to achieve physical compliance to RCRA regulated equipment, facilities and operations at the floor level. This program focuses on specific activities occurring or which need to occur within buildings containing RCRA regulated units and activities. The plan describes a new approach to achieving and maintaining compliance. This approach concentrates authority and accountability for compliance with the line operating personnel, with support provided from the programmatic functions. This approach requires a higher degree of integration and coordination between operating and program support organizations. The principal changes in emphases are; (1) increased line operations involvement, knowledge and accountability in compliance activities, (2) improved management systems to identify, correct and/or avoid deficiencies and (3) enhanced management attention and employee awareness of compliance related matters.

  17. [Potential interactions between drugs and dietary supplements].

    PubMed

    Farghali, Hassan; Kameníková, Ludmila; Hodis, Jiří; Kutinová Canová, Nikolina

    2014-01-01

    Purified active plant constituents were isolated and assessed for their pharmacological activities that constitute a basis of modern drug development. The situation with herbal supplements is different because the extract or dried herb or mixture of herbs contains several substances beside the beneficial one(s) that might produce drug interaction with the conventional medicine(s). Most patients are misinformed and believe that anything "natural" must be safe. This article is focusing on plant-based substances referred as dietary supplements (DS). Examples of reported drug interactions and contraindications associated with DS with two case studies are presented. As supplements are typically not prescribed, many doctors seem to have no interest in drug-DS interactions since a typical medical history of the patients does not include any questions about self-prescribed remedies of this nature. Rather, patients are left alone when they are tempted to try this or that DS and tend to rely on advice from friends, or on material they read on internet. A better quality control, compliance, public awareness and healthcare professionals vigilance for potential interactions are needed. It is of utmost importance to appreciate the impact of supplements on different stages of pharmacokinetics, especially on drug absorption and metabolism.

  18. Randomized study of zinc supplementation during pregnancy

    SciTech Connect

    Hambidge, K.M.; Oliva-Rasbach, J.; Jacobs, M.; Purcell, S.; Statland, C.; Poirier, J.

    1986-03-05

    The hypothesis underlying this study was that a daily dietary Zn supplement during pregnancy would be associated with higher values for selected indices of Zn nutriture than corresponding values for non-Zn-supplemented subjects, if, and only if, Zn status of the unsupplemented control group was sub-optimal. The 12 test and 17 control subjects were healthy, apparently well-nourished anglos who were enrolled before the 12th week of gestation. Mean age=29 yrs, mean parity=0.8. Test subjects received a daily supplement of 15 mg Zn (mean compliance=90%) from the time of enrollment until 3 months post-partum. The supplement was taken at bedtime while other vitamin/mineral preparations were taken before breakfast. Blood samples were obtained at 4 week intervals from enrollment. Selected preliminary results: plasma Zn declined progressively with length of gestation to a nadir of 53 +/- 6 ..mu..g/dl at 10 months. (Non-pregnant mean 77 +/- 7). As in a previous, non-randomized, study the rate of decline for the test group did not differ from that of the control group. Mean monthly neutrophil Zn ranged from 43 +/- 8 - 50 +/- 14 ..mu..g/10/sup 10/ cells; there was not consistent pattern across gestation. Serum alkaline phosphatase activity and pre-albumin of the test group did not differ from the control group. These data did not give any indication of sub-optimal Zn nutriture in this pregnant population.

  19. Supplementation during pregnancy: beliefs and science.

    PubMed

    Milman, Nils; Paszkowski, Tomasz; Cetin, Irene; Castelo-Branco, Camil

    2016-07-01

    Pregnancy represents a challenge from a nutritional perspective, because micronutrient intake during the periconceptional period and in pregnancy affects fetal organ development and the mother's health. Inappropriate diet/nutrition in pregnancy can lead to numerous deficiencies including iron deficiency and may impair placental function and play a role in miscarriage, intrauterine growth restriction, preterm delivery, and preeclampsia. This article reviews the risks associated with nutrient deficiencies in pregnant women and presents an overview of recommendations for dietary supplementation in pregnancy, focusing on oral iron supplementation. Risk factor detection, including dietary patterns and comorbidities, is paramount in optimal pregnancy management. Dietary habits, which can lead to deficiencies (e.g., iron, folate, vitamin D, and calcium) and result in negative health consequences for the mother and fetus/newborn, need to be investigated. Prenatal care should be personalized, accounting for ethnicity, culture, education, information level about pregnancy, and dietary and physical habits. Clinicians should make a plan for appropriate supplementation and prophylaxis/treatment of nutritional and other needs, and consider adequate intake of calcium, iodine, vitamin D, folate, and iron. Among the available oral iron supplements, prolonged-released ferrous sulfate (ferrous sulfate-polymeric complex) presents the lowest incidence of overall and gastrointestinal adverse events, with positive implications for compliance. PMID:26956254

  20. Efficacy of Supplementation in Filipino Children

    PubMed Central

    Tayao, Charisse Marie S.

    2015-01-01

    progression statistically significant. Conclusion: Overall, the results were statistically significant in terms of RBC count alone. Therefore, this study demonstrated that compliance with intake of supplementation is a factor in improving the hematological parameters of these subjects. To address iron deficiency anemia, a similar endeavor may establish a system of support in Lingap Center to ensure the screening and therapeutic management of this population. PMID:25810994

  1. Disease management and medication compliance.

    PubMed

    Cohen, Joshua; Christensen, Kathyrn; Feldman, Lanna

    2012-02-01

    Lack of medication compliance is harmful to health care systems from both a clinical and economic perspective. This study examines the methods that disease management organizations employ to identify nonadherent patients and to measure effectiveness of compliance programs for patients with diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and cystic fibrosis. In addition, this study investigates the degree to which disease managers assume risk in their contracts, and whether compliance strategies are being coordinated with payers' use of value-based insurance design, in which patient cost sharing is a function of the relative value of pharmaceuticals. This study's findings suggest that disease management may be falling short in terms of: (a) comprehensive commitment to expert-recommended at-home devices used to self-diagnose and measure health indicators; (b) early adoption of expert-recommended new technologies to measure and improve compliance; (c) intensity of use of standard tests in outpatient clinics; (d) coordination of compliance strategies with payers' use of value-based insurance design; and (e) the proportion of risk assumed in disease management contracts.

  2. Environmental assessment and management (TEAM) guide. Louisiana supplement. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    O`Rouke, C.

    1995-01-01

    Environmental assessments help determine compliance with current environmental regulations. The U.S. Air Force, U.S. Army, Defense Logistics Agency, and Corps of Engineers (Civil Works) have adopted environmental compliance programs that identify compliance problems before they are cited as violations by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). Since 1984, the U.S. Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratories (USACERL), in cooperation with numerous Department of Defense (DoD) components, have developed environmental compliance assessment checklist manuals. The Environmental Assessment and Management (TEAM) Guide was developed for use by all DoD Components. Currently there are five participating DoD Components: the Air Force, Air National Guard, Army, Civil Works, and Defense Logistics Agency (DLA). These agencies have agreed to share the development and maintenance of this Guide. The Guide combines Code of Federal Regulations (CFRs) and management practices (MPs) into a series of checklists that show legal requirements and the specific operations or items to review. TEAM Guide is supplemented by DoD component-specific manuals detailing DoD component regulations and policies. The Louisiana Supplement was developed to be used in conjunction with the TEAM Guide, using existing Louisiana state environmental legislation and regulations as well as suggested management practices.

  3. Environment assessment and management (team) guide - Mississippi supplement. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    O`Rourke, C.; Twait, S.

    1995-03-01

    Environmental assessments help determine compliance with current environmental regulations. The U.S. Air Force, U.S. Army, Defense Logistics Agency, and Corps of Engineers (Civil Works) have adopted environmental compliance programs that identify compliance problems before they are cited as violations by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). Since 1984, the U.S. Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratories (USACERL), in cooperation with numerous Department of Defense (DOD) components, has developed environmental compliance assessment checklist manuals. The Environmental Assessment and Management (TEAM) Guide was developed for use by all DOD Components. Currently there are five participating DOD Components: the Air Force, Air National Guard, Army, Civil Works, and Defense Logistics Agency (DLA). These agencies have agreed to share the development and maintenance of this Guide. The Guide combines Code of Federal Regulations (CFRs) and management practices (MPs) into a series of checklists that show legal requirements and the specific operations or items to review. TEAM Guide is supplemented by DOD component-specific manuals detailing DOD component regulations and policies. The Mississippi Supplement was developed to be used in conjunction with the TEAM Guide, using existing Mississippi state environmental legislation and regulations as well as suggested management practices.

  4. The environmental assessment and management (TEAM) guide, Idaho supplement

    SciTech Connect

    O`Rouke, C.

    1998-04-01

    Environmental assessments help determine compliance with current environmental regulations. The US Air Force, US Army, Defense Logistics Agency (DLA), and Corps of Engineers (Civil Works) have adopted environmental compliance programs that identify compliance problems before they are cited as violations by the US Environmental Protection Agency. Since 1984, the US Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratories, in cooperation with numerous Department of Defense (DOD) components, has developed environmental compliance assessment checklist manuals. The Environmental Assessment and Management (TEAM) Guide was developed for use by all DOD components. Currently there are five participating DOD components: the Air Force, Air National Guard, Army, Civil Works, and DLA. These agencies have agreed to share the development and maintenance of this Guide. The Guide combines Code of Federal Regulations and management practices into a series of checklists that show legal requirements and the specific operations or items to review. TEAM Guide is supplemented by DOD component-specific manuals detailing DOD component regulations and policies. The Idaho Supplement was developed to be used in conjunction with the TEAM Guide, using existing Idaho state environmental legislation and regulations as well as suggested management practices.

  5. Corporate compliance and voluntary disclosure.

    PubMed

    Schiff, A B

    1995-09-01

    In any event, the decision to institute a corporate compliance program is a relatively simple one. In view of the ambiguity surrounding certain fraud and abuse provisions, and the corporate "death sentence" that may result from program exclusion, a compliance program is always sound corporate policy. To be sure, if the compliance program is administered improperly, it can actually increase the likelihood of whistleblower actions and create a body of potentially hurtful documentation. But these dangers can be minimized by structuring the program to protect the self-evaluative process through relevant privileges. The risks also pale in comparison to the exposure to criminal or exclusionary sanctions when improper conduct goes undetected by an organization. PMID:10144892

  6. Corporate compliance and voluntary disclosure.

    PubMed

    Schiff, A B

    1995-09-01

    In any event, the decision to institute a corporate compliance program is a relatively simple one. In view of the ambiguity surrounding certain fraud and abuse provisions, and the corporate "death sentence" that may result from program exclusion, a compliance program is always sound corporate policy. To be sure, if the compliance program is administered improperly, it can actually increase the likelihood of whistleblower actions and create a body of potentially hurtful documentation. But these dangers can be minimized by structuring the program to protect the self-evaluative process through relevant privileges. The risks also pale in comparison to the exposure to criminal or exclusionary sanctions when improper conduct goes undetected by an organization.

  7. Tax Compliance Inventory: TAX-I Voluntary tax compliance, enforced tax compliance, tax avoidance, and tax evasion.

    PubMed

    Kirchler, Erich; Wahl, Ingrid

    2010-06-01

    Surveys on tax compliance and non-compliance often rely on ad hoc formulated items which lack standardization and empirical validation. We present an inventory to assess tax compliance and distinguish between different forms of compliance and non-compliance: voluntary versus enforced compliance, tax avoidance, and tax evasion. First, items to measure voluntary and enforced compliance, avoidance, and evasion were drawn up (collected from past research and newly developed), and tested empirically with the aim of producing four validated scales with a clear factorial structure. Second, findings from the first analyses were replicated and extended to validation on the basis of motivational postures. A standardized inventory is provided which can be used in surveys in order to collect data which are comparable across research focusing on self-reports. The inventory can be used in either of two ways: either in its entirety, or by applying the single scales independently, allowing an economical and fast assessment of different facets of tax compliance.

  8. Family Living Supplement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Truitt, Debbie

    This family living supplement contains 125 supplemental ideas and strategies designed to help vocational home economics teachers increase student motivation and enrich the teaching process. Ideas and strategies are organized into seven sections. These are career planning, securing a job, and career success; managing financial resources, buying…

  9. Client Compliance with Homework Directives during Counseling.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Worthington, Everett L., Jr.

    1986-01-01

    Investigated compliance as a function of counselor, client, and therapy variables. Results indicated that variables associated with the conduct of counseling more strongly influenced compliance with homework than did either counselor or client variables. (Author/BL)

  10. 40 CFR 141.133 - Compliance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Disinfection Byproduct Precursors § 141.133 Compliance requirements. (a) General requirements. (1) Where... pursuant to § 141.134. (d) Disinfection byproduct precursors (DBPP). Compliance must be determined...

  11. Linguistic and location effects in compliance with pesticide warning labels for amateur and professional users.

    PubMed

    Edworthy, Judy; Hellier, Elizabeth; Morley, Nicola; Grey, Clare; Aldrich, Kirsteen; Lee, Andrew

    2004-01-01

    Three studies explored amateur and professional users' compliance with pesticide warning labels. Professionals were classified as people working in a profession in which the use of pesticides is a necessary part of their job. Amateurs used pesticides only in their leisure time. The first study showed that the wording used affected perception of the appropriateness of hazard statements, one of the most effective variations being the use of the personal pronoun (statements beginning "You should..."). The location of warning information was also found to affect actual compliance: Compliance increased when warning information was presented in the directions for use section. A supplemental directive increased compliance only for professional users. In a final study, "best-case" and "worst-case" linguistic variations were combined with best-case and worst-case locations for safety information. Instruction statements using the personal pronoun and presented in the directions for use section resulted in the highest levels of compliance. The differences in compliance between amateur and professional users are interpreted within the framework of Rasmussen's (1986) distinction among skill-, rule-, and knowledge-based behavior. Actual or potential applications of this research include the design of warning labels and safety information. PMID:15151153

  12. Supplemental instruction in chemistry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lundeberg, Mary A.

    This study was designed to measure some effects of supplemental instruction in chemistry. Supplemental instruction is a peer-led cooperative learning program that encourages students to develop conceptual understanding by articulating both understandings and misconceptions in a think-aloud fashion. Supplemental instruction was offered three hours weekly outside of class and lab time for students in four classes of General Organic and Biological Chemistry. Over a two-year period 108 students volunteered to participate in this program; 45 students did not participate. As measured by final grades in chemistry and responses to a questionnaire, supplemental instruction was effective in increasing students' achievement in chemistry. Further research is needed to determine the in-depth effects of supplemental instruction on students' learning, problem solving, and self-esteem.

  13. Final Barrier: Small System Compliance

    EPA Science Inventory

    This presentation will discuss the use of point-of-use (POU) technology for small drinking water systems. Information will be provided on the USEPA regulations that allow the use of POU for compliance and the technologies that are listed as SSCT for radium and arsenic. Listing o...

  14. Corporate compliance: implications for trustees.

    PubMed

    Commins, K

    1998-01-01

    In this era of fraud and abuse enforcement efforts, hospital trustees are facing potential liability in the event that an investigation reveals the hospital has violated state or federal provisions pertaining to fraud and abuse. This liability can be minimized, or avoided, by ensuring that an effective compliance plan is in place prior to such an investigation.

  15. The OIG's model compliance program.

    PubMed

    Dombi, W A

    1998-10-01

    Home care agencies face never-ending and hard-to-track list of rules. The Office of the Inspector General has provided guidelines for agencies on implementing a voluntary compliance program to prevent fraud, abuse, and waste. Through the development of internal controls, which promote adherence to federal and state laws, agencies safeguard themselves from problems.

  16. Join the Copyright Compliance Team

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butler, Rebecca P.

    2008-01-01

    School librarians are often the only educators in the school with copyright training and, by default, are perceived of as the copyright experts. Likewise, the buck stops with the head administrator; ultimately that person is accountable for the school's compliance with policies and laws, including copyright laws and fair use. Along with this, more…

  17. Medication compliance in hyperactive children.

    PubMed

    Kauffman, R E; Smith-Wright, D; Reese, C A; Simpson, R; Jones, F

    1981-01-01

    Medication compliance was studied over an 18-week period in 12 male children, ages 6 to 12 years, who were receiving medication for "hyperactivity." Subjects were randomly assigned to receive placebo (PB), d-amphetamine (AMP), and methylphenidate (MPH) for 6 weeks each in a triple-blind, crossover design. Urine samples were obtained weekly and assayed for MPH and AMP to assess compliance. Individual patient compliance varied from 0.00% to 100% (x = 67%) while taking MPH and from 20% to 83% (x = 60%) while taking AMP. The percent of patients compliant for a given week varied from 55% to 80% (x = 67%) when taking MPH and from 25% to 83% (x = 61%) when taking AMP. Significant positive noncompliance also occurred; ie, MPH was found in urine during the PB period in five of 12 individuals. Poor compliance in taking medication may explain, in part, the variable and conflicting results reported in many studies of the effect of medication on improving the behavior of hyperactive children. PMID:7346742

  18. Best Practices and Simultaneous Compliance

    EPA Science Inventory

    This wrap-up presentation to the workshop covers several topics concerning how lead and copper compliance under the Lead and Copper Rule should be integrated into an overall “simultaneous compliance” framework with other organizations. The LCR requires “optimization” of lead leve...

  19. The ABCs of physician billing compliance plans.

    PubMed

    Apple, G J; Bowman, B

    1996-07-01

    As it evolves, an organization's compliance plan will become an effective risk-management tool. As the price for noncompliance becomes ever higher, the development and implementation of a corporate compliance plan makes both common and fiscal sense. A compliance plan should not be a program that is rolled out and then allowed to sit on the shelf and gather dust. The only thing worse than not having a compliance plan is having one and not following it.

  20. Developing a nursing corporate compliance program.

    PubMed

    Bartis, Janice A; Sullivan, Trent

    2002-09-01

    This article presents the process that a large urban tertiary care hospital engaged in when developing a corporate compliance program for nursing. The purpose of this article is to demonstrate how nurse executives can successfully implement a comprehensive and practical nursing corporate compliance program. This article describes in detail the 5 steps the hospital took to develop its nursing corporate compliance program and provides examples of tools to guide you in developing a nursing corporate compliance program.

  1. 77 FR 52741 - Compliance Policy Guide Sec. 420.300 Changes in Compendial Specifications and New Drug...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-30

    ... Specifications and New Drug Application Supplements; Withdrawal of Guidance AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration... withdrawal of Compliance Policy Guide (CPG) Sec. 420.300 Changes in Compendial Specifications and New Drug.... Ouderkirk, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire...

  2. 40 CFR 194.55 - Results of compliance assessments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... COMPLIANCE WITH THE 40 CFR PART 191 DISPOSAL REGULATIONS Compliance Certification and Re-certification...) Probability distributions for uncertain disposal system parameter values used in compliance assessments shall be developed and documented in any compliance application. (c) Computational techniques which...

  3. 24 CFR 108.21 - Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility. 108.21 Section 108.21 Housing and Urban Development Regulations... MARKETING § 108.21 Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility. The civil...

  4. 24 CFR 108.21 - Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility. 108.21 Section 108.21 Housing and Urban Development Regulations... MARKETING § 108.21 Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility. The civil...

  5. 24 CFR 108.21 - Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility. 108.21 Section 108.21 Housing and Urban Development Regulations... MARKETING § 108.21 Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility. The civil...

  6. 24 CFR 108.21 - Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility. 108.21 Section 108.21 Housing and Urban Development Regulations... MARKETING § 108.21 Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility. The civil...

  7. 24 CFR 108.21 - Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility. 108.21 Section 108.21 Housing and Urban Development Regulations... MARKETING § 108.21 Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility. The civil...

  8. Corporate compliance: framework and implementation.

    PubMed

    Fowler, N

    1999-01-01

    The federal government has created numerous programs to combat fraud and abuse. The government now encourages healthcare facilities to have a corporate compliance program (CCP), a plan that reduces the chances that the facility will violate laws or regulations. A CCP is an organization-wide program comprised of a code of conduct and written policies, internal monitoring and auditing standards, employee training, feedback mechanisms and other features, all designed to prevent and detect violations of governmental laws, regulations and policies. It is a system or method ensuring that employees understand and will comply with laws that apply to what they do every day. Seven factors, based on federal sentencing guidelines, provide the framework for developing a CCP. First, a facility must establish rules that are reasonably capable of reducing criminal conduct. Second, high-level personnel must oversee the compliance effort. Third, a facility must use due care in delegating authority in the compliance initiative. Fourth, standards must be communicated effectively to employees, and fifth, a facility must take reasonable steps to achieve compliance. Sixth, standards must be enforced consistently across the organization and last, standards must be modified or changed for reported concerns, to ensure they are not repeated. PROMINA Health System, Inc. in Atlanta, Ga., designed a program to meet federal guidelines. It started with a self-assessment to define its areas or risk. Next, it created the internal structure and assigned organizational responsibility for running the CCP. PROMINA then developed standards of business and professional conduct, established vehicles of communication and trained employees on the standards. Finally, it continues to develop evidence of the program's effectiveness by monitoring and documenting its compliance activities. PMID:10346652

  9. Corporate compliance: framework and implementation.

    PubMed

    Fowler, N

    1999-01-01

    The federal government has created numerous programs to combat fraud and abuse. The government now encourages healthcare facilities to have a corporate compliance program (CCP), a plan that reduces the chances that the facility will violate laws or regulations. A CCP is an organization-wide program comprised of a code of conduct and written policies, internal monitoring and auditing standards, employee training, feedback mechanisms and other features, all designed to prevent and detect violations of governmental laws, regulations and policies. It is a system or method ensuring that employees understand and will comply with laws that apply to what they do every day. Seven factors, based on federal sentencing guidelines, provide the framework for developing a CCP. First, a facility must establish rules that are reasonably capable of reducing criminal conduct. Second, high-level personnel must oversee the compliance effort. Third, a facility must use due care in delegating authority in the compliance initiative. Fourth, standards must be communicated effectively to employees, and fifth, a facility must take reasonable steps to achieve compliance. Sixth, standards must be enforced consistently across the organization and last, standards must be modified or changed for reported concerns, to ensure they are not repeated. PROMINA Health System, Inc. in Atlanta, Ga., designed a program to meet federal guidelines. It started with a self-assessment to define its areas or risk. Next, it created the internal structure and assigned organizational responsibility for running the CCP. PROMINA then developed standards of business and professional conduct, established vehicles of communication and trained employees on the standards. Finally, it continues to develop evidence of the program's effectiveness by monitoring and documenting its compliance activities.

  10. 22 CFR 209.6 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Compliance information. 209.6 Section 209.6... § 209.6 Compliance information. (a) Cooperation and assistance. The Administrator shall to the fullest... and accurate compliance reports at such times, and in such form and containing such information,...

  11. 38 CFR 18.6 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compliance information... THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 General § 18.6 Compliance information. (a) Cooperation and assistance... compliance reports at such times, and in such form and containing such information, as the responsible...

  12. 10 CFR 850.13 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Compliance. 850.13 Section 850.13 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CHRONIC BERYLLIUM DISEASE PREVENTION PROGRAM Administrative Requirements § 850.13 Compliance. (a) The responsible employer must conduct activities in compliance with its CBDPP. (b) The...

  13. 10 CFR 850.13 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Compliance. 850.13 Section 850.13 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CHRONIC BERYLLIUM DISEASE PREVENTION PROGRAM Administrative Requirements § 850.13 Compliance. (a) The responsible employer must conduct activities in compliance with its CBDPP. (b) The...

  14. 10 CFR 850.13 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Compliance. 850.13 Section 850.13 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CHRONIC BERYLLIUM DISEASE PREVENTION PROGRAM Administrative Requirements § 850.13 Compliance. (a) The responsible employer must conduct activities in compliance with its CBDPP. (b) The...

  15. 10 CFR 850.13 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Compliance. 850.13 Section 850.13 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CHRONIC BERYLLIUM DISEASE PREVENTION PROGRAM Administrative Requirements § 850.13 Compliance. (a) The responsible employer must conduct activities in compliance with its CBDPP. (b) The...

  16. 10 CFR 850.13 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Compliance. 850.13 Section 850.13 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CHRONIC BERYLLIUM DISEASE PREVENTION PROGRAM Administrative Requirements § 850.13 Compliance. (a) The responsible employer must conduct activities in compliance with its CBDPP. (b) The...

  17. 29 CFR 30.9 - Compliance reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Compliance reviews. 30.9 Section 30.9 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY IN APPRENTICESHIP AND TRAINING § 30.9 Compliance reviews. (a) Conduct of compliance reviews. The Department will regularly conduct systematic reviews of...

  18. 14 CFR 1250.105 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Compliance information. 1250.105 Section... Compliance information. (a) Cooperation and assistance. Each responsible NASA official shall to the fullest... containing such information, as the Principal Compliance Officer or his designee may determine to...

  19. 10 CFR 434.509 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Compliance. 434.509 Section 434.509 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.509 Compliance. 509.1If the Design Energy...

  20. 10 CFR 434.509 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Compliance. 434.509 Section 434.509 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.509 Compliance. 509.1If the Design Energy...

  1. 10 CFR 434.509 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Compliance. 434.509 Section 434.509 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.509 Compliance. 509.1 If the Design Energy...

  2. 10 CFR 434.509 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Compliance. 434.509 Section 434.509 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.509 Compliance. 509.1If the Design Energy...

  3. 10 CFR 434.509 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Compliance. 434.509 Section 434.509 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.509 Compliance. 509.1If the Design Energy...

  4. 40 CFR 63.826 - Compliance dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 10 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compliance dates. 63.826 Section 63... Emission Standards for the Printing and Publishing Industry § 63.826 Compliance dates. (a) The compliance date for an owner or operator of an existing affected source subject to the provisions of this...

  5. 28 CFR 42.106 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Compliance information. 42.106 Section 42... Civil Rights Act of 1964 1 § 42.106 Compliance information. (a) Cooperation and assistance. Each... compliance reports at such times, and in such form and containing such information, as the...

  6. 36 CFR 1211.605 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Compliance information. 1211... FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Procedures § 1211.605 Compliance information. (a) Cooperation and assistance. The..., complete, and accurate compliance reports at such times, and in such form and containing such...

  7. 45 CFR 1203.6 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Compliance information. 1203.6 Section 1203.6... OF 1964 § 1203.6 Compliance information. (a) Cooperation and assistance. ACTION, to the fullest... compliance reports at the times, and in the form and containing the information ACTION may...

  8. 18 CFR 1307.8 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Compliance information... NONDISCRIMINATION WITH RESPECT TO HANDICAP § 1307.8 Compliance information. (a) Cooperation and assistance. TVA..., complete and accurate compliance reports at such times, and in such form and containing such...

  9. 45 CFR 1203.6 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Compliance information. 1203.6 Section 1203.6... OF 1964 § 1203.6 Compliance information. (a) Cooperation and assistance. ACTION, to the fullest... compliance reports at the times, and in the form and containing the information ACTION may...

  10. 49 CFR 27.121 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Compliance information. 27.121 Section 27.121... OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Enforcement § 27.121 Compliance information. (a... compliance reports at such times, and in such form, and containing such information as the...

  11. 45 CFR 1203.6 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Compliance information. 1203.6 Section 1203.6... OF 1964 § 1203.6 Compliance information. (a) Cooperation and assistance. ACTION, to the fullest... compliance reports at the times, and in the form and containing the information ACTION may...

  12. 40 CFR 7.115 - Postaward compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... § 7.115 Postaward compliance. (a) Periodic review. The OCR may periodically conduct compliance reviews... initiating a complaint investigation in accordance with § 7.120, the OCR will inform the recipient of: (1... calendar days from the start of the compliance review or complaint investigation, the OCR will notify...

  13. 40 CFR 7.115 - Postaward compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... § 7.115 Postaward compliance. (a) Periodic review. The OCR may periodically conduct compliance reviews... initiating a complaint investigation in accordance with § 7.120, the OCR will inform the recipient of: (1... calendar days from the start of the compliance review or complaint investigation, the OCR will notify...

  14. 42 CFR 124.503 - Compliance level.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Compliance level. 124.503 Section 124.503 Public... Unable To Pay § 124.503 Compliance level. (a) Annual compliance level. Subject to the provisions of this... persons unable to pay if it provides for the fiscal year uncompensated services at a level not less...

  15. 42 CFR 124.503 - Compliance level.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Compliance level. 124.503 Section 124.503 Public... Unable To Pay § 124.503 Compliance level. (a) Annual compliance level. Subject to the provisions of this... persons unable to pay if it provides for the fiscal year uncompensated services at a level not less...

  16. 36 CFR 9.85 - Environmental compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Environmental compliance. 9... MINERALS MANAGEMENT Alaska Mineral Resource Assessment Program § 9.85 Environmental compliance. Each AMRAP... sufficient information to the NPS to ensure appropriate compliance with the National Environmental Policy...

  17. How Physical Design Can Influence Copyright Compliance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harper, Meghan

    2007-01-01

    Most school librarians do not think of copyright compliance and facilities planning in the same breath. Yet the design of space--physical and virtual--can discourage or promote compliance, or even help police it. Placement of and access to equipment, traffic patterns, signage, and student workspace all may influence copyright-compliance behavior…

  18. 40 CFR 80.68 - Compliance surveys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 17 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Compliance surveys. 80.68 Section 80...) REGULATION OF FUELS AND FUEL ADDITIVES Reformulated Gasoline § 80.68 Compliance surveys. (a)(1) Beginning January 1, 2007, the compliance surveys for NOX emissions performance under this section shall cease to...

  19. 40 CFR 80.68 - Compliance surveys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 17 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Compliance surveys. 80.68 Section 80...) REGULATION OF FUELS AND FUEL ADDITIVES Reformulated Gasoline § 80.68 Compliance surveys. (a)(1) Beginning January 1, 2007, the compliance surveys for NOX emissions performance under this section shall cease to...

  20. 40 CFR 80.68 - Compliance surveys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 17 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Compliance surveys. 80.68 Section 80...) REGULATION OF FUELS AND FUEL ADDITIVES Reformulated Gasoline § 80.68 Compliance surveys. (a)(1) Beginning January 1, 2007, the compliance surveys for NOX emissions performance under this section shall cease to...

  1. 28 CFR 811.11 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Compliance. 811.11 Section 811.11 Judicial Administration COURT SERVICES AND OFFENDER SUPERVISION AGENCY FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION § 811.11 Compliance. (a) A sex offender may be excused from strict compliance...

  2. 40 CFR 141.133 - Compliance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... to determine compliance with MRDLs for chlorine and chloramines, this failure to monitor will be... chlorine or chloramine, the system is out of compliance at the end of that quarter. (b) Disinfection... residuals—(1) Chlorine and chloramines. (i) Compliance must be based on a running annual arithmetic...

  3. 40 CFR 141.133 - Compliance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... to determine compliance with MRDLs for chlorine and chloramines, this failure to monitor will be... chlorine or chloramine, the system is out of compliance at the end of that quarter. (b) Disinfection... residuals—(1) Chlorine and chloramines. (i) Compliance must be based on a running annual arithmetic...

  4. 40 CFR 141.133 - Compliance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... to determine compliance with MRDLs for chlorine and chloramines, this failure to monitor will be... chlorine or chloramine, the system is out of compliance at the end of that quarter. (b) Disinfection... residuals—(1) Chlorine and chloramines. (i) Compliance must be based on a running annual arithmetic...

  5. 29 CFR 35.30 - Compliance reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Compliance reviews. 35.30 Section 35.30 Labor Office of the... § 35.30 Compliance reviews. (a) CRC may conduct such compliance reviews, pre-award reviews, and other..., irrespective of whether a complaint has been filed against a recipient. Such reviews may be as comprehensive...

  6. 34 CFR 110.30 - Compliance reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Compliance reviews. 110.30 Section 110.30 Education..., Conciliation, and Enforcement Procedures § 110.30 Compliance reviews. (a) ED may conduct compliance reviews, pre-award reviews, and other similar procedures that permit ED to investigate and correct...

  7. 43 CFR 17.330 - Compliance reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Compliance reviews. 17.330 Section 17.330..., Conciliation, and Enforcement Procedures § 17.330 Compliance reviews. (a) DOI may conduct compliance reviews and pre-award reviews of recipients or use other similar procedures that will permit it to...

  8. 44 CFR 7.940 - Compliance reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Compliance reviews. 7.940... Investigation, Conciliation, and Enforcement Procedures § 7.940 Compliance reviews. (a) FEMA may conduct compliance reviews and preaward reviews or use other similar procedures that will permit it to...

  9. 45 CFR 1156.14 - Compliance reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Compliance reviews. 1156.14 Section 1156.14 Public..., and Enforcement Procedures § 1156.14 Compliance reviews. The Endowment may conduct compliance reviews, pre-award reviews and other similar procedures in order to investigate and correct violations of...

  10. 29 CFR 35.30 - Compliance reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Compliance reviews. 35.30 Section 35.30 Labor Office of the... § 35.30 Compliance reviews. (a) CRC may conduct such compliance reviews, pre-award reviews, and other..., irrespective of whether a complaint has been filed against a recipient. Such reviews may be as comprehensive...

  11. 29 CFR 30.9 - Compliance reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Compliance reviews. 30.9 Section 30.9 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY IN APPRENTICESHIP AND TRAINING § 30.9 Compliance reviews. (a) Conduct of compliance reviews. The Department will regularly conduct systematic reviews of...

  12. 45 CFR 1172.31 - Compliance reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Compliance reviews. 1172.31 Section 1172.31 Public... PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES Investigation, Conciliation, and Enforcement Procedures § 1172.31 Compliance reviews. (a) NEH may conduct compliance reviews, pre-award reviews, and other similar procedures in order...

  13. 10 CFR 4.331 - Compliance reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Compliance reviews. 4.331 Section 4.331 Energy NUCLEAR... Amended Investigation, Conciliation, and Enforcement Procedures § 4.331 Compliance reviews. (a) NRC may conduct compliance reviews and preaward reviews of recipients or use other similar procedures that...

  14. 45 CFR 617.7 - Compliance reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Compliance reviews. 617.7 Section 617.7 Public... Compliance reviews. (a) NSF may conduct compliance reviews of recipients that will permit it to investigate and correct violations of the Act. NSF may conduct these reviews even in the absence of a...

  15. 10 CFR 1040.101 - Compliance reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Compliance reviews. 1040.101 Section 1040.101 Energy... Program Monitoring § 1040.101 Compliance reviews. (a) The Director shall periodically conduct compliance reviews of selected recipients of DOE Federal financial assistance. (b) The Director shall seek to...

  16. 29 CFR 30.9 - Compliance reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Compliance reviews. 30.9 Section 30.9 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY IN APPRENTICESHIP AND TRAINING § 30.9 Compliance reviews. (a) Conduct of compliance reviews. The Department will regularly conduct systematic reviews of...

  17. 45 CFR 90.44 - Compliance reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Compliance reviews. 90.44 Section 90.44 Public... Enforcement Procedures § 90.44 Compliance reviews. (a) Each agency shall provide in its regulations that it may conduct compliance reviews, pre-award reviews, and other similar procedures which permit...

  18. 45 CFR 91.41 - Compliance reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Compliance reviews. 91.41 Section 91.41 Public..., Conciliation, and Enforcement Procedures § 91.41 Compliance reviews. (a) HHS may conduct compliance reviews and pre-award reviews or use other similar procedures that will permit it to investigate and...

  19. 43 CFR 17.330 - Compliance reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Compliance reviews. 17.330 Section 17.330..., Conciliation, and Enforcement Procedures § 17.330 Compliance reviews. (a) DOI may conduct compliance reviews and pre-award reviews of recipients or use other similar procedures that will permit it to...

  20. 45 CFR 617.7 - Compliance reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Compliance reviews. 617.7 Section 617.7 Public... Compliance reviews. (a) NSF may conduct compliance reviews of recipients that will permit it to investigate and correct violations of the Act. NSF may conduct these reviews even in the absence of a...

  1. 14 CFR 1252.400 - Compliance reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Compliance reviews. 1252.400 Section 1252..., and Enforcement Procedures § 1252.400 Compliance reviews. (a) NASA may conduct compliance reviews and pre-award reviews of recipients or use other similar procedures that will permit it to investigate...

  2. 44 CFR 7.940 - Compliance reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Compliance reviews. 7.940... Investigation, Conciliation, and Enforcement Procedures § 7.940 Compliance reviews. (a) FEMA may conduct compliance reviews and preaward reviews or use other similar procedures that will permit it to...

  3. 45 CFR 1156.14 - Compliance reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Compliance reviews. 1156.14 Section 1156.14 Public..., and Enforcement Procedures § 1156.14 Compliance reviews. The Endowment may conduct compliance reviews, pre-award reviews and other similar procedures in order to investigate and correct violations of...

  4. 36 CFR 9.85 - Environmental compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Environmental compliance. 9... MINERALS MANAGEMENT Alaska Mineral Resource Assessment Program § 9.85 Environmental compliance. Each AMRAP... sufficient information to the NPS to ensure appropriate compliance with the National Environmental Policy...

  5. 36 CFR 9.85 - Environmental compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Environmental compliance. 9... MINERALS MANAGEMENT Alaska Mineral Resource Assessment Program § 9.85 Environmental compliance. Each AMRAP... sufficient information to the NPS to ensure appropriate compliance with the National Environmental Policy...

  6. Dietary Supplement Laboratory Quality Assurance Program: The First Five Exercises

    PubMed Central

    Phillips, Melissa M.; Rimmer, Catherine A.; Wood, Laura J.; Lippa, Katrice A.; Sharpless, Katherine E.; Duewer, David L.; Sander, Lane C.; Betz, Joseph M.

    2011-01-01

    The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has established a Dietary Supplement Laboratory Quality Assurance Program (DSQAP) in collaboration with the National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements. Program participants measure concentrations of active and/or marker compounds as well as nutritional and toxic elements in food and dietary supplements distributed by NIST. Data are compiled at NIST, where they are analyzed for accuracy relative to reference values and concordance among the participants. Performance reports and certificates of completion are provided to participants, which can be used to demonstrate compliance with current Good Manufacturing Practices as promulgated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The DSQAP has conducted five exercises to date, with total participation including more than 75 different laboratories and many more individual analysts. PMID:21797008

  7. Tools for NEPA compliance: Baseline reports and compliance guides

    SciTech Connect

    Wolff, T.A.; Hansen, R.P.

    1994-12-31

    Environmental baseline documents and NEPA compliance guides should be carried in every NEPA implementation ``tool kit``. These two indispensable tools can play a major role in avoiding repeated violations of NEPA requirements that have occurred over the past 26 years. This paper describes these tools, discusses their contents, and explains how they are used to prepare better NEPA documents more cost-effectively. Focus is on experience at Sandia Laboratories (NM).

  8. Tobacco compliance check in Hong Kong.

    PubMed

    Kan, Ming-yue; Lau, Maggie

    2008-02-01

    We examined tobacco retailers' rates of compliance to the law forbidding the sale of tobacco products to persons under 18 years of age in Hong Kong. The overall compliance rate was only 18.9%. The low compliance rate may be attributed to poor enforcement of the youth access law. Overseas experiences show that regular checking is an effective way to evaluate the compliance of tobacco retailers to restrictions on youth access to tobacco. Periodic tobacco compliance checks should be adopted in Hong Kong to exert pressure on law enforcement bodies and tobacco retailers.

  9. Compliance report, 1997. Acid rain program

    SciTech Connect

    1998-08-01

    The 1997 Compliance Report once again announces 100 percent compliance with the Acid Rain Program, now in its third year of sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) compliance and its second year of nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}) compliance. Affected facilities continued to exceed the targets set for both pollutants by the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. The early reductions seen in 1995 and 1996 for SO{sub 2} continue, with affected utility units beating their 1997 target by 23 percent. The overcompliance with the NO{sub x} target also continues, achieving an average emission rate for Phase 1 units 16 percent below the compliance rate.

  10. 78 FR 19467 - Information Collection Requirement; Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-01

    ... Defense Acquisition Regulations System Information Collection Requirement; Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS); DoD Pilot Mentor-Prot g Program AGENCY: Defense Acquisition Regulations System... approved information collection requirement. SUMMARY: In compliance with Section 3506(c)(2)(A) of...

  11. 78 FR 58535 - Hydropower Regulatory Efficiency Act of 2013; Supplemental Notice of Workshop

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-24

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Hydropower Regulatory Efficiency Act of 2013; Supplemental Notice of... two-year process for the issuance of a license for hydropower development at non-powered dams and closed-loop pumped storage projects in compliance with section 6 of the Hydropower Regulatory...

  12. 76 FR 71830 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Administering Trafficking in Persons...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-18

    ... Regulation Supplement: Administering Trafficking in Persons Regulations (DFARS Case 2011-D051) AGENCY... compliance with duties and responsibilities pertaining to trafficking in persons when they are incorporated... Trafficking in Persons, in all solicitations and contracts. When the contract will be performed outside...

  13. Dietary supplements in sport.

    PubMed

    Burke, L M; Read, R S

    1993-01-01

    Studies of the dietary practices of athletes report that nutritional supplements are commonly used. Supplementation practices vary between sports and individual athletes; however, there is evidence that at least some athletes use a large number of supplements concurrently, often in doses that are very high in comparison with normal dietary intakes. In exploring supplementation practices we propose a classification system separating the supplements into dietary supplements and nutritional erogogenic aids. The dietary supplement is characterised as a product which can be used to address physiological or nutritional issues arising in sport. It may provide a convenient or practical means of consuming special nutrient requirements for exercise, or it may be used to prevent/reverse nutritional deficiencies that commonly occur among athletes. The basis of the dietary supplement is an understanding of nutritional requirements and physiological effects of exercise. When the supplement is used to successfully meet a physiological/nutritional goal arising in sport it may be demonstrated to improve sports performance. While there is some interest in refining the composition or formulation of some dietary supplements, the real interest belongs to the use or application of the supplement; i.e. educating athletes to understand and achieve their nutritional needs in a specific sports situation. The sports drink (carbohydrate-electrolyte replacement drink) is a well known example of a dietary supplement. Scientific attitudes towards the sports drink have changed over the past 20 years. Initial caution that carbohydrate-electrolyte fluids compromise gastric emptying during exercise has now been shown to be unjustified. Numerous studies have shown that 5 to 10% solutions of glucose, glucose polymers (maltodextrins) and other simple sugars all have suitable gastric emptying characteristics for the delivery of fluid and moderate amounts of carbohydrate substrate. The optimal

  14. Dietary supplements for osteoarthritis.

    PubMed

    Gregory, Philip J; Sperry, Morgan; Wilson, Amy Friedman

    2008-01-15

    A large number of dietary supplements are promoted to patients with osteoarthritis and as many as one third of those patients have used a supplement to treat their condition. Glucosamine-containing supplements are among the most commonly used products for osteoarthritis. Although the evidence is not entirely consistent, most research suggests that glucosamine sulfate can improve symptoms of pain related to osteoarthritis, as well as slow disease progression in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. Chondroitin sulfate also appears to reduce osteoarthritis symptoms and is often combined with glucosamine, but there is no reliable evidence that the combination is more effective than either agent alone. S-adenosylmethionine may reduce pain but high costs and product quality issues limit its use. Several other supplements are promoted for treating osteoarthritis, such as methylsulfonylmethane, Harpagophytum procumbens (devil's claw), Curcuma longa (turmeric), and Zingiber officinale (ginger), but there is insufficient reliable evidence regarding long-term safety or effectiveness. PMID:18246887

  15. Dietary Supplements for Toddlers

    MedlinePlus

    ... about which supplements are needed and the amounts. Iron Deficiency Iron deficiency does occur among some young children and ... need to receive at least 15 milligrams of iron a day in their food, but many fail ...

  16. FDA 101: Dietary Supplements

    MedlinePlus

    ... professionals. As its resources permit, FDA also reviews product labels and other product information, such as package inserts, ... the address or phone number listed on the product's label. Dietary supplement firms are required to forward reports ...

  17. Supplements to Textbook Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holmes, Ken

    1994-01-01

    Describes the many kinds of materials that English teachers can draw upon to enrich and expand students' experiences with literature. Outlines ancillary materials used to supplement the study of William Shakespeare's "Julius Caesar." (HB)

  18. Herbal Products and Supplements

    MedlinePlus

    ... and prescription medicines just because they come from nature. Although herbal health products and supplements are advertised as “natural,” their ingredients aren’t necessarily natural to the human body. They may have strong effects on your ...

  19. Vitamin supplementation in pregnancy.

    PubMed

    2016-07-01

    Ensuring that a woman is well-nourished, both before and during pregnancy, is crucial for the health of the woman and that of the unborn child.(1) Maternal deficiency in key nutrients has been linked to pre-eclampsia, restricted fetal growth, neural tube defects, skeletal deformity and low birth weight.(1,2) Many nutritional supplements containing vitamins, minerals and other micronutrients are heavily marketed to women for all stages of pregnancy. However, much of the evidence for vitamin supplementation in pregnancy comes from studies carried out in low-income countries,(3) where women are more likely to be undernourished or malnourished than within the UK population. The challenges lie in knowing which supplements are beneficial and in improving uptake among those at most need. Here we summarise current UK guidance for vitamin supplementation in pregnancy and review the evidence behind it. PMID:27405305

  20. Iron supplements (image)

    MedlinePlus

    The mineral iron is an essential nutrient for humans because it is part of blood cells, which carry oxygen to all body cells. There is no conclusive evidence that iron supplements contribute to heart attacks.

  1. Breastfeeding: Vitamin D Supplementation

    MedlinePlus

    ... Breastfeeding Micronutrient Malnutrition State and Local Programs Vitamin D Supplementation Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir While ... provide infants with an adequate intake of vitamin D. Most breastfed infants are able to synthesize additional ...

  2. Nutrition and dietary supplements.

    PubMed

    Fillmore, C M; Bartoli, L; Bach, R; Park, Y

    1999-08-01

    Quality and number of subjects in blinded controlled clinical trials about the nutrition and dietary supplements discussed here is variable. Glucosamine sulfate and chondroitin sulfate have sufficient controlled trials to warrant their use in osteoarthritis, having less side effects than currently used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and are the only treatment shown to prevent progression of the disease. Dietary supplements of ephedrine plus caffeine for weight loss (weight loss being the current first line recommendation of physicians for osteoporosis) show some promise, but are not sufficient in number of study subjects. Phenylpropanolamine is proven successful in weight loss. Both ephedrine and phenylpropanolamine have resulted in deaths and hence are worrisome [table: see text] as an over-the-counter dietary supplement. Other commonly used weight loss supplements like Cola acuminata, dwarf elder, Yohimbine, and Garcinia camborgia are either lacking controlled clinical trials, or in the case of the last two supplements, have clinical trials showing lack of effectiveness (although Garcinia has been successful in trials as part of a mixture with other substances, it is unclear if it was a necessary part of the mixture). Safety of these weight loss supplements is unknown. Chromium as a body building supplement for athletes appears to have no efficacy. Creatine may help more in weight lifting than sprinting, but insufficient study subjects and safety information make more studies necessary. Carbohydrate loading is used commonly before endurance competitions, but may be underused as it may be beneficial for other sport performances. Supplements for muscle injury or cramps have had too few studies to determine efficacy. Although proper rehydration with fluids and electrolytes is necessary, a paucity of actual studies to maximize prophylactic treatment for exercise induced cramping still exists. Nutritional supplements for cardiovascular disorders are generally

  3. Update on compliance assurance monitoring

    SciTech Connect

    Freeman, L.E.

    1997-12-31

    In August, 1996, EPA released a revised draft of its proposal for a Compliance Assurance Monitoring (CAM) program. The proposal, which is intended to replace the Agency`s highly controversial 1993 proposal for {open_quotes}enhanced monitoring,{close_quotes} must be finalized by mid-1997 under court order. Many had hopes that EPA`s CAM proposal, by focussing on proper operation and maintenance of required control technologies rather than enforcement of numerical emission limitations, would provide a neutral resolution of issues associated with use of continuous compliance methods to enforce standards that were developed using limited, periodic data (and are currently enforceable with periodic stack tests). However, with this second draft of the CAM rule continuing to draw criticism from both industry (primarily for its effect on existing compliance obligations) and environmental groups (in part, for not requiring direct measurement of emissions), EPA appears to be a long way from reaching that goal. In the meantime, sources and states continue to work to meet deadlines for submission of applications and for issuance of Title V operating permits that must address issues currently being debated in the CAM rulemaking.

  4. Contribution of lead from calcium supplements to blood lead.

    PubMed Central

    Gulson, B L; Mizon, K J; Palmer, J M; Korsch, M J; Taylor, A J

    2001-01-01

    We conducted a case-control study to determine the contribution of lead to blood from consumption of calcium supplements approximating the recommended daily intakes over a 6-month period. Subjects were males and females ages 21 to 47 years (geometric mean 32 years) with a geometric mean blood lead concentration of 2.5 microg/dL. They were subdivided into three groups. One treatment group (n = 8) was administered a complex calcium supplement (carbonate/phosphate/citrate) and the other treatment group (n = 7) calcium carbonate. The control group (n = 6) received no supplement. The lead isotopic compositions of the supplements were completely different from those of the blood of the subjects, allowing us easily to estimate contribution from the supplements. The daily lead dose from the supplements at 100% compliance was about 3 microg Pb. Three blood samples were taken at 2-month intervals before treatment to provide background values, and three were taken during treatment. Subjects in the treatment group were thus their own controls. Lead isotopic compositions for the complex supplement showed minimal change during treatment compared with pretreatment. Lead isotopic compositions in blood for the calcium carbonate supplement showed increases of up to 0.5% in the (206)Pb/(204)Pb ratio, and for all isotope ratios there was a statistically significant difference between baseline and treatment (p < 0.005). The change from baseline to treatment for the calcium carbonate supplement differed from that for both the control group and the group administered the complex supplement. Blood lead concentrations, however, showed minimal changes. Variations in blood lead levels over time did not differ significantly between groups. Our results are consistent with earlier investigations using radioactive and stable lead tracers, which showed minimal gastrointestinal absorption of lead in the presence of calcium (+/- phosphorus) in adults. Even though there is no discernible increase in

  5. Pediatric psychotropic medication compliance: a literature review and research-based suggestions for improving treatment compliance.

    PubMed

    Hack, S; Chow, B

    2001-01-01

    Without good compliance the best psychiatric treatment is ineffective. This article reviews what is known or can be inferred about compliance with psychiatric medications in the pediatric population. The review includes discussions of assessment techniques, risk and protective factors, the relevant research literature, and research-based practical techniques to improve compliance. A Medline search surveying the years from 1966 to August 2000 yielded only seven peer-reviewed papers reporting on compliance with pediatric psychopharmacology. All seven studies looked at stimulant compliance among children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Reported levels of compliance range from 56% to 75%. These rates, although low, are likely to be overestimates of actual compliance. We review two related areas of research for which there are small but significant bodies of knowledge: pharmacological compliance studies among adult psychiatric populations and pediatric medical populations. This literature supports the idea that medication compliance is a significant obstacle to the effective treatment of patients. Because compliance rates are lower for children as compared to adults and psychiatric patients as compared to medical patients, we suspect that children with psychiatric illness may be at great risk for poor medication compliance. Fortunately, the research literature demonstrates several simple techniques that clinicians can use to improve medication compliance among their patients. The treatment alliance; education; and medication duration, dosing, palatability, and cost can all be tailored to improve medication compliance.

  6. AVO inversion for a non-welded interface: estimating compliances of a fluid-filled fracture

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Minato, Shohei; Ghose, Ranajit

    2016-07-01

    Though well known for layer boundaries, the use of amplitude-versus-offset (AVO) variations for non-welded boundaries like fractures is not yet investigated. Depending on the seismic wavelength used, fractures can be regarded as thin, compliant zones in rocks, in different scales. We explore the potential of multiangle AVO inversion of P-P and P-S reflections from a fracture to estimate fracture properties. We conduct laboratory experiments to measure reflection responses of dry and wet fractures. The observed P-P reflections of the wet fracture and the fracture aperture are very well predicted by the non-welded interface model. We invert the angle-dependent P-P reflectivity of the fracture to estimate both normal and tangential fracture compliances. The estimated value of the normal compliance is accurate, and it is also possible to obtain the value of the non-zero tangential compliance. We find that supplementing the information of converted P-S reflections in the AVO inversion greatly improves the estimate of the tangential compliance. The calculated compliance ratio clearly shows the existence of fluid in the fracture. This finding can be crucial for new applications in a wide range of scale-from earthquake seismology, deep and shallow seismic exploration, to non-destructive material testing.

  7. Streamlining CAA compliance plans yields added benefits

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, D.A. )

    1993-02-01

    A common approach to compliance with air emissions standards at some facilities consists of correcting deficiencies noted by regulators during their annual or semi-annual visits without developing long-term compliance plans. Many times, plant officials do not know which regulations apply to their sources. Industry no longer can afford to depend on such hit-or-miss compliance strategies. Under the CAA Amendments, EPA is empowerd to issue field citations of $5,000 per day for each violation, and monetary penalties can reach millions of dollars and be accompanied by prison sentences up to 15 years. Developing a plant-wide emissions compliance plan is one of the best ways to minimize future compliance liabilities. Data collected for such plans typically are stored in a computerized database, which also can be used in other compliance activities.

  8. Internal compliance investigations can reduce government sanctions.

    PubMed

    Mustokoff, M M; Yecies, M S

    1997-10-01

    An effective corporate compliance program is facilitated by three essential elements: a well-qualified compliance officer; a policy of immediate investigation of every report of potential fraud and abuse; and clearly defined roles for both corporate and outside counsel in conducting the investigations. A government agency is less likely to exercise the full extent of its powers when these elements are in place and three is evidence of a sincere compliance effort.

  9. Internal compliance investigations can reduce government sanctions.

    PubMed

    Mustokoff, M M; Yecies, M S

    1997-10-01

    An effective corporate compliance program is facilitated by three essential elements: a well-qualified compliance officer; a policy of immediate investigation of every report of potential fraud and abuse; and clearly defined roles for both corporate and outside counsel in conducting the investigations. A government agency is less likely to exercise the full extent of its powers when these elements are in place and three is evidence of a sincere compliance effort. PMID:10173966

  10. Assisted reproductive technology in China: compliance and non-compliance

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    According to the WHO, infertility and sterility will be the third-most serious disease worldwide in the 21st century, after cancer and cardiovascular diseases. In contrast to developed countries, assisted reproductive technology (ART) were not offered in China until the mid-1980s with the first in vitro fertilization (IVF) infant born in Taiwan in 1985, then Hong Kong in 1986, and mainland China in 1988, respectively. Since those inceptions, the practice of ART in China has evoked a variety of social, cultural, political and one-child policy responses that have resulted in restrictions on the number of IVF cycles performed annually. According to recent survey, an estimate 40-50 million women and 45 million men suffered from infertility, which is estimated that more than ten million Chinese infertile couples require ART treatment. However, it has limited access to ART facilities, many of them may not have a child are whirling to all types of fertility therapies. Exposure to radiation, pesticides and other environmental pollutants, work-related stress and unhealthy lifestyles are believed to contribute to the increasing incidence of infertility in China. The aim of this first report is to provide China nationwide ART data and government policy in compliance and 
non-compliance, particularly related to family plan policy in China. PMID:26835327

  11. Dietary supplements quality analysis tools from the United States Pharmacopeia.

    PubMed

    Sarma, Nandakumara; Giancaspro, Gabriel; Venema, Jaap

    2016-01-01

    The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued the dietary supplement (DS) current good manufacturing practice (GMP) regulations in compliance with the mandate from the Dietary Supplements Health and Education Act (DSHEA), with the intention of protecting public health by ensuring the quality of DS. The GMP regulations require manufacturers to establish their own quality specifications for identity, purity, strength, composition, and absence of contaminants. Numerous FDA-conducted GMP inspections found that the private specifications set by these manufacturers are often insufficient to ensure adequate quality of dietary ingredients and DS. Wider use of the public standards developed by the United States Pharmacopeial Convention (USP), in conjunction with GMP compliance, can help ensure quality and consistency of DS as they do for medicines. Public health protection could be enhanced by strengthening the GMP provisions to require conformance with relevant United States Pharmacopeia-National Formulary (USP-NF) standards, or in the absence of USP standards, other public compendial standards. Another serious concern is the presence of synthetic drugs and drug analogues in products marketed as DS. Use of the new USP General Chapter Adulteration of Dietary Supplements with Drugs and Drug Analogs <2251> may reduce the exposure of consumers to dangerous drugs disguised as DS. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  12. Dietary supplements quality analysis tools from the United States Pharmacopeia.

    PubMed

    Sarma, Nandakumara; Giancaspro, Gabriel; Venema, Jaap

    2016-01-01

    The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued the dietary supplement (DS) current good manufacturing practice (GMP) regulations in compliance with the mandate from the Dietary Supplements Health and Education Act (DSHEA), with the intention of protecting public health by ensuring the quality of DS. The GMP regulations require manufacturers to establish their own quality specifications for identity, purity, strength, composition, and absence of contaminants. Numerous FDA-conducted GMP inspections found that the private specifications set by these manufacturers are often insufficient to ensure adequate quality of dietary ingredients and DS. Wider use of the public standards developed by the United States Pharmacopeial Convention (USP), in conjunction with GMP compliance, can help ensure quality and consistency of DS as they do for medicines. Public health protection could be enhanced by strengthening the GMP provisions to require conformance with relevant United States Pharmacopeia-National Formulary (USP-NF) standards, or in the absence of USP standards, other public compendial standards. Another serious concern is the presence of synthetic drugs and drug analogues in products marketed as DS. Use of the new USP General Chapter Adulteration of Dietary Supplements with Drugs and Drug Analogs <2251> may reduce the exposure of consumers to dangerous drugs disguised as DS. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:26857794

  13. Dietary supplements quality analysis tools from the United States Pharmacopeia

    PubMed Central

    Giancaspro, Gabriel; Venema, Jaap

    2016-01-01

    The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued the dietary supplement (DS) current good manufacturing practice (GMP) regulations in compliance with the mandate from the Dietary Supplements Health and Education Act (DSHEA), with the intention of protecting public health by ensuring the quality of DS. The GMP regulations require manufacturers to establish their own quality specifications for identity, purity, strength, composition, and absence of contaminants. Numerous FDA‐conducted GMP inspections found that the private specifications set by these manufacturers are often insufficient to ensure adequate quality of dietary ingredients and DS. Wider use of the public standards developed by the United States Pharmacopeial Convention (USP), in conjunction with GMP compliance, can help ensure quality and consistency of DS as they do for medicines. Public health protection could be enhanced by strengthening the GMP provisions to require conformance with relevant United States Pharmacopeia–National Formulary (USP–NF) standards, or in the absence of USP standards, other public compendial standards. Another serious concern is the presence of synthetic drugs and drug analogues in products marketed as DS. Use of the new USP General Chapter Adulteration of Dietary Supplements with Drugs and Drug Analogs <2251> may reduce the exposure of consumers to dangerous drugs disguised as DS. © 2016 The Authors. Drug Testing and Analysis published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. PMID:26857794

  14. Federal government expands compliance initiatives.

    PubMed

    Dugan, J K

    1997-09-01

    In 1995, the Federal government initiated Operation Restore Trust to increase enforcement of fraud and abuse regulations in Medicare and Medicaid programs. With the success of the original initiative, the government is expanding the project to additional states and program areas. The initial scrutiny of home health agencies, nursing homes, hospice care, and durable medical equipment is being expanded to managed care plans and acute care hospitals with an eye toward DRG creep. To manage this increased enforcement activity, healthcare organizations should institute comprehensive corporate compliance programs. Such programs should provide a framework that delineates responsibilities and provides a systematic means to resolve issues in a timely manner. PMID:10170318

  15. Federal government expands compliance initiatives.

    PubMed

    Dugan, J K

    1997-09-01

    In 1995, the Federal government initiated Operation Restore Trust to increase enforcement of fraud and abuse regulations in Medicare and Medicaid programs. With the success of the original initiative, the government is expanding the project to additional states and program areas. The initial scrutiny of home health agencies, nursing homes, hospice care, and durable medical equipment is being expanded to managed care plans and acute care hospitals with an eye toward DRG creep. To manage this increased enforcement activity, healthcare organizations should institute comprehensive corporate compliance programs. Such programs should provide a framework that delineates responsibilities and provides a systematic means to resolve issues in a timely manner.

  16. Women's compliance with cardiac rehabilitation programs.

    PubMed

    Ginzel, A R

    1996-01-01

    As the incidence of cardiovascular disease in women increases, the process of cardiac rehabilitation in women is becoming increasingly important to nurses. Specifically, the issue of women's compliance with cardiac rehabilitation needs to be addressed by nurses. Most past and current research on cardiac rehabilitation and compliance with rehabilitation programs has been conducted on male subjects and cannot be accurately generalized to the female population. This article reviews current literature which addresses the issues of heart disease in women, cardiac rehabilitation and compliance in the general population, gender differences in cardiac rehabilitation, and compliance of women in cardiac rehabilitation. PMID:8657707

  17. Supplements and sports.

    PubMed

    Jenkinson, David M; Harbert, Allison J

    2008-11-01

    Use of performance-enhancing supplements occurs at all levels of sports, from professional athletes to junior high school students. Although some supplements do enhance athletic performance, many have no proven benefits and have serious adverse effects. Anabolic steroids and ephedrine have life-threatening adverse effects and are prohibited by the International Olympic Committee and the National Collegiate Athletic Association for use in competition. Blood transfusions, androstenedione, and dehydroepiandrosterone are also prohibited in competition. Caffeine, creatine, and sodium bicarbonate have been shown to enhance performance in certain contexts and have few adverse effects. No performance benefit has been shown with amino acids, beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate, chromium, human growth hormone, and iron. Carbohydrate-electrolyte beverages have no serious adverse effects and can aid performance when used for fluid replacement. Given the widespread use of performance-enhancing supplements, physicians should be prepared to counsel athletes of all ages about their effectiveness, safety, and legality.

  18. β-Alanine supplementation.

    PubMed

    Hoffman, Jay R; Emerson, Nadia S; Stout, Jeffrey R

    2012-01-01

    β-Alanine is rapidly developing as one of the most popular sport supplements used by strength/power athletes worldwide. The popularity of β-alanine stems from its unique ability to enhance intramuscular buffering capacity and thereby attenuating fatigue. This review will provide an overview of the physiology that underlies the mechanisms of action behind β-alanine, examine dosing schemes, and examine the studies that have been conducted on the efficacy of this supplement. In addition, the effect that β-alanine has on body mass changes or whether it can stimulate changes in aerobic capacity also will be discussed. The review also will begin to explore the potential health benefits that β-alanine may have on older adult populations. Discussion will examine the potential adverse effects associated with this supplement as well as the added benefits of combining β-alanine with creatine.

  19. Supplements and sports.

    PubMed

    Jenkinson, David M; Harbert, Allison J

    2008-11-01

    Use of performance-enhancing supplements occurs at all levels of sports, from professional athletes to junior high school students. Although some supplements do enhance athletic performance, many have no proven benefits and have serious adverse effects. Anabolic steroids and ephedrine have life-threatening adverse effects and are prohibited by the International Olympic Committee and the National Collegiate Athletic Association for use in competition. Blood transfusions, androstenedione, and dehydroepiandrosterone are also prohibited in competition. Caffeine, creatine, and sodium bicarbonate have been shown to enhance performance in certain contexts and have few adverse effects. No performance benefit has been shown with amino acids, beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate, chromium, human growth hormone, and iron. Carbohydrate-electrolyte beverages have no serious adverse effects and can aid performance when used for fluid replacement. Given the widespread use of performance-enhancing supplements, physicians should be prepared to counsel athletes of all ages about their effectiveness, safety, and legality. PMID:19007050

  20. Ergogenic Aids and Supplements.

    PubMed

    Porrini, Marisa; Del Boʼ, Cristian

    2016-01-01

    Great interest is currently shown for the contribution of nutrition to optimize training and athletic performance, and a considerable debate exists about the potential ergogenic value of several dietary supplements. However, most of the products used by athletes do not provide sufficient scientific evidence regarding their efficacy in enhancing physical performance as well as their specificity of action and safety. For this reason, sport nutrition professionals need skills in evaluating the scientific value of papers and advertisements on ergogenic aids and supplements in order to support athletes in their choice. In the present chapter, the efficacy of some of the most popular supplements used by athletes and sport practitioners will be discussed. Particular attention will be devoted to amino acids and derivatives, caffeine and caffeinated energy drinks, and some antioxidants.

  1. Ergogenic Aids and Supplements.

    PubMed

    Porrini, Marisa; Del Boʼ, Cristian

    2016-01-01

    Great interest is currently shown for the contribution of nutrition to optimize training and athletic performance, and a considerable debate exists about the potential ergogenic value of several dietary supplements. However, most of the products used by athletes do not provide sufficient scientific evidence regarding their efficacy in enhancing physical performance as well as their specificity of action and safety. For this reason, sport nutrition professionals need skills in evaluating the scientific value of papers and advertisements on ergogenic aids and supplements in order to support athletes in their choice. In the present chapter, the efficacy of some of the most popular supplements used by athletes and sport practitioners will be discussed. Particular attention will be devoted to amino acids and derivatives, caffeine and caffeinated energy drinks, and some antioxidants. PMID:27348226

  2. Georgia Compliance Review Self-Study FY 01.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Georgia State Dept. of Education, Atlanta.

    Intended for evaluation of local compliance with special education federal and state legal requirements, this compliance review document includes both the compliance requirements and the criteria by which compliance is determined during the onsite compliance review of Georgia local school systems and state-operated programs. Each legal requirement…

  3. 17 CFR 37.1501 - Chief compliance officer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... chief compliance office—(1) Appointment and compensation of chief compliance officer. (i) A swap... officer shall approve the compensation of the chief compliance officer. (iii) The chief compliance officer... compliance office review, look-back, internal or external audit finding, self-reported error, or...

  4. 12 CFR 1710.19 - Compliance and risk management programs; compliance with other laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Compliance and risk management programs... Practices and Procedures § 1710.19 Compliance and risk management programs; compliance with other laws. (a... management program. (1) An Enterprise shall establish and maintain a risk management program that...

  5. 40 CFR 160.12 - Statement of compliance or non-compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Statement of compliance or non-compliance. 160.12 Section 160.12 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS GOOD LABORATORY PRACTICE STANDARDS General Provisions § 160.12 Statement of compliance...

  6. 12 CFR 1710.19 - Compliance and risk management programs; compliance with other laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 9 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Compliance and risk management programs... Practices and Procedures § 1710.19 Compliance and risk management programs; compliance with other laws. (a... management program. (1) An Enterprise shall establish and maintain a risk management program that...

  7. 12 CFR 1710.19 - Compliance and risk management programs; compliance with other laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Compliance and risk management programs... Practices and Procedures § 1710.19 Compliance and risk management programs; compliance with other laws. (a... management program. (1) An Enterprise shall establish and maintain a risk management program that...

  8. 12 CFR 1710.19 - Compliance and risk management programs; compliance with other laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 9 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Compliance and risk management programs... Practices and Procedures § 1710.19 Compliance and risk management programs; compliance with other laws. (a... management program. (1) An Enterprise shall establish and maintain a risk management program that...

  9. 40 CFR Appendix E to Part 61 - Compliance Procedures Methods for Determining Compliance With Subpart I

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... determining compliance with 40 CFR part 61, subpart I. The procedures consist of a series of increasingly more... in “Background Information Document: Procedures Approved for Demonstrating Compliance with 40 CFR... Compliance with 40 CFR Part 61, Subpart I”, EPA 520/1-89-001, January 1989. (4) National Council on...

  10. 40 CFR Appendix E to Part 61 - Compliance Procedures Methods for Determining Compliance With Subpart I

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... determining compliance with 40 CFR part 61, subpart I. The procedures consist of a series of increasingly more... in “Background Information Document: Procedures Approved for Demonstrating Compliance with 40 CFR... Compliance with 40 CFR Part 61, Subpart I”, EPA 520/1-89-001, January 1989. (4) National Council on...

  11. 40 CFR Appendix E to Part 61 - Compliance Procedures Methods for Determining Compliance With Subpart I

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... determining compliance with 40 CFR part 61, subpart I. The procedures consist of a series of increasingly more... in “Background Information Document: Procedures Approved for Demonstrating Compliance with 40 CFR... Compliance with 40 CFR Part 61, Subpart I”, EPA 520/1-89-001, January 1989. (4) National Council on...

  12. Tax Compliance Inventory: TAX-I Voluntary tax compliance, enforced tax compliance, tax avoidance, and tax evasion

    PubMed Central

    Kirchler, Erich; Wahl, Ingrid

    2010-01-01

    Surveys on tax compliance and non-compliance often rely on ad hoc formulated items which lack standardization and empirical validation. We present an inventory to assess tax compliance and distinguish between different forms of compliance and non-compliance: voluntary versus enforced compliance, tax avoidance, and tax evasion. First, items to measure voluntary and enforced compliance, avoidance, and evasion were drawn up (collected from past research and newly developed), and tested empirically with the aim of producing four validated scales with a clear factorial structure. Second, findings from the first analyses were replicated and extended to validation on the basis of motivational postures. A standardized inventory is provided which can be used in surveys in order to collect data which are comparable across research focusing on self-reports. The inventory can be used in either of two ways: either in its entirety, or by applying the single scales independently, allowing an economical and fast assessment of different facets of tax compliance. PMID:20502612

  13. Riboflavin as an oral tracer for monitoring compliance in clinical research.

    PubMed

    Ramanujam, V M Sadagopa; Anderson, Karl E; Grady, James J; Nayeem, Fatima; Lu, Lee-Jane W

    2011-01-01

    We studied urinary riboflavin as an objective biomarker of compliance in clinical research using a simplified method amenable to high throughput analysis. Six healthy women not taking vitamin supplements ingested a study pill containing riboflavin (32 mg) as an inactive tracer and the soy isoflavones daidzin (0.243 mmole) and genistin (0.222 mmole) as active ingredients once daily for four days. Riboflavin and metabolites of the isoflavones were measured in urine samples obtained before and after each pill. Urinary excretion of riboflavin and metabolites of both isoflavones peaked within 8 hrs and remained higher than baseline for 24 hrs. Urinary excretion of riboflavin was also measured in 152 additional women with unrestricted dietary supplement intakes. Mean and median urinary riboflavin concentrations in these women were 0.42 and 0.31 μg/mL, respectively, compared to 0.2 μg/mL during a riboflavin-restricted diet. Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves indicated that urinary riboflavin within 24 hrs after a 32 mg dose would perform well as a measure of compliance (all areas under the ROC curves ≥0.84. Samples collected during the initial 8 hrs after pill ingestion performed better as a compliance measure than later collections. In summary, compliance in a clinical study can be monitored in real time by incorporating 32 mg of riboflavin into study pills, with compliance indicated by urinary riboflavin levels increasing over individual baselines or to ≥1.0 μg/mL, with a false positive rate of being classified as compliant at <5%. PMID:21949554

  14. Supplement use by Young Athletes

    PubMed Central

    McDowall, Jill Anne

    2007-01-01

    This paper reviews studies of supplement use among child and adolescent athletes, focusing on prevalence and type of supplement use, as well as gender comparisons. Supplement use among adult athletes has been well documented however there are a limited number of studies investigating supplement use by child and adolescent athletes. A trend in the current literature revealed that the most frequently used supplements are in the form of vitamin and minerals. While health and illness prevention are the main reasons for taking supplements, enhanced athletic performance was also reported as a strong motivating factor. Generally, females are found to use supplements more frequently and are associated with reasons of health, recovery, and replacing an inadequate diet. Males are more likely to report taking supplements for enhanced performance. Both genders equally rated increased energy as another reason for engaging in supplement use. Many dietary supplements are highly accessible to young athletes and they are particularly vulnerable to pressures from the media and the prospect of playing sport at increasingly elite levels. Future research should provide more direct evidence regarding any physiological side effects of taking supplements, as well as the exact vitamin and mineral requirements for child and adolescent athletes. Increased education for young athletes regarding supplement use, parents and coaches should to be targeted to help the athletes make the appropriate choices. Key pointsSupplement use among the child and adolescent athlete population is widespread with the most frequently used supplement being a form of vitamin/mineral supplement.The effects of supplement use on the growth and development of children and adolescents remain unclear and thus use of supplements by this population should be discouraged.It is likely that there is a misunderstanding as to the role of vitamins and minerals in the diet, their function in maintaining overall health, their role

  15. Psychology: Teacher Supplement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stark, Rebecca

    This supplement provides teachers with tests, quizzes, answers to questions in the text, and general teaching information for using the student text, "Psychology," by Rebecca Stark. Quizzes included are on the topics of human development; the nervous system; the brain; cognitive development; sensation and perception; conditioning; learning;…

  16. Examples of Dietary Supplement Interactions

    MedlinePlus

    ... the risk of bruising and bleeding. Supplement: Goldenseal Root Possible drug-supplement interaction with: Cyclosporine. Can decrease ... using the liver's cytochrome P450 enzyme system. Goldenseal root may decrease how quickly the liver breaks down ...

  17. 25 CFR 175.3 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Compliance. 175.3 Section 175.3 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES General Provisions § 175.3 Compliance. All utility customers and the utilities are bound by the rule in this part....

  18. 25 CFR 175.3 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Compliance. 175.3 Section 175.3 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES General Provisions § 175.3 Compliance. All utility customers and the utilities are bound by the rule in this part....

  19. 25 CFR 175.3 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Compliance. 175.3 Section 175.3 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES General Provisions § 175.3 Compliance. All utility customers and the utilities are bound by the rule in this part....

  20. 25 CFR 175.3 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Compliance. 175.3 Section 175.3 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES General Provisions § 175.3 Compliance. All utility customers and the utilities are bound by the rule in this part....

  1. 25 CFR 175.3 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Compliance. 175.3 Section 175.3 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER INDIAN ELECTRIC POWER UTILITIES General Provisions § 175.3 Compliance. All utility customers and the utilities are bound by the rule in this part....

  2. 45 CFR 80.6 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Compliance information. 80.6 Section 80.6 Public... THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 80.6 Compliance information. (a) Cooperation and assistance. The... reports at such times, and in such form and containing such information, as the responsible...

  3. 5 CFR 900.406 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Compliance information. 900.406 Section... Compliance information. (a) Cooperation and assistance. OPM, to the fullest extent practicable, shall seek... at the times, and in the form and containing the information OPM may determine necessary to enable...

  4. 22 CFR 141.5 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Compliance information. 141.5 Section 141.5... DEPARTMENT OF STATE-EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 141.5 Compliance information... such information, as a responsible Departmental official or his designee may determine to be...

  5. Environmental Compliance Audit& Assessment Program Manual

    SciTech Connect

    Thorson, Patrick; Baskin, David; Borglin, Ned; Fox, Robert; Wahl, Linnea; Hatayama, Howard; Pauer, Ronald

    2009-03-13

    This document describes the elements, schedule, roles, and responsibilities of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) Environmental Compliance Audit & Assessment Program (ECAAP). The ECAAP has been developed to meet the requirements of DOE Order 450.1A,1 and Executive Order 13423.2 These referenced Orders stipulate that government agencies must develop environmental compliance audit programs to monitor and improve compliance with environmental regulations. As stated specifically in the DOE Order, as a part of a DOE facility's Environmental Management System (EMS), 'An environmental compliance audit and review program that identifies compliance deficiencies and root causes of non-compliance' shall be developed and implemented. The ECAAP has also been developed to satisfy LBNL's institutional technical assurance assessment requirements promulgated in the Environment, Safety and Health (ES&H) Self-Assessment Program (LBNL/PUB-5344) and described by the ES&H Technical Assurance Program (TAP) Manual (LBNL/PUB-913E). The ES&H TAP Manual provides the framework for systematic reviews of ES&H programs with the intent to provide assurance that these programs comply with their guiding regulations, are effective, and are properly implemented. As required by the DOE and Executive Orders and by LBNL's TAP, the goal of the ECAAP is to identify environmental regulatory compliance deficiencies and to determine their respective causes. The ECAAP then provides a means of correcting any deficiencies identified, and leads to continually improving environmental compliance performance.

  6. 40 CFR 425.05 - Compliance dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 29 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compliance dates. 425.05 Section 425.05 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS LEATHER TANNING AND FINISHING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY General Provisions § 425.05 Compliance...

  7. 45 CFR 617.12 - Compliance procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Compliance procedure. 617.12 Section 617.12 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION NONDISCRIMINATION... recipient of its failure to comply with this part and has determined that voluntary compliance cannot...

  8. 45 CFR 617.12 - Compliance procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Compliance procedure. 617.12 Section 617.12 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION NONDISCRIMINATION... recipient of its failure to comply with this part and has determined that voluntary compliance cannot...

  9. 31 CFR 28.605 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compliance information. 28.605... § 28.605 Compliance information. (a) Cooperation and assistance. The designated agency official shall... reports at such times, and in such form and containing such information, as the designated agency...

  10. 5 CFR 304.108 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS EXPERT AND CONSULTANT APPOINTMENTS § 304.108 Compliance. (a) Each agency using 5 U.S.C. 3109 must establish and maintain a system of controls and oversight necessary to assure compliance with 5 U.S.C. 3109 and these regulations. The...

  11. 23 CFR 669.17 - Compliance finding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Compliance finding. 669.17 Section 669.17 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS ENFORCEMENT OF HEAVY VEHICLE USE TAX § 669.17 Compliance finding. (a) If, following the conference or...

  12. 23 CFR 669.17 - Compliance finding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Compliance finding. 669.17 Section 669.17 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS ENFORCEMENT OF HEAVY VEHICLE USE TAX § 669.17 Compliance finding. (a) If, following the conference or...

  13. 23 CFR 669.17 - Compliance finding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Compliance finding. 669.17 Section 669.17 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS ENFORCEMENT OF HEAVY VEHICLE USE TAX § 669.17 Compliance finding. (a) If, following the conference or...

  14. 23 CFR 669.17 - Compliance finding.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Compliance finding. 669.17 Section 669.17 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS ENFORCEMENT OF HEAVY VEHICLE USE TAX § 669.17 Compliance finding. (a) If, following the conference or...

  15. 29 CFR 31.5 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...-EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 31.5 Compliance information. (a) Cooperation and... necessary to apprise such persons of the protections against discrimination assured them by the Act and this... 29 Labor 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Compliance information. 31.5 Section 31.5 Labor Office...

  16. 13 CFR 112.9 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... ASSISTED PROGRAMS OF SBA-EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 112.9 Compliance... may find necessary to apprise them of their rights to such protection. ... of applicants and recipients in obtaining compliance with this part and shall provide assistance...

  17. 29 CFR 31.5 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...-EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 31.5 Compliance information. (a) Cooperation and... necessary to apprise such persons of the protections against discrimination assured them by the Act and this... 29 Labor 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Compliance information. 31.5 Section 31.5 Labor Office...

  18. 29 CFR 31.5 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...-EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 31.5 Compliance information. (a) Cooperation and... necessary to apprise such persons of the protections against discrimination assured them by the Act and this... 29 Labor 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Compliance information. 31.5 Section 31.5 Labor Office...

  19. 13 CFR 112.9 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... ASSISTED PROGRAMS OF SBA-EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 112.9 Compliance... may find necessary to apprise them of their rights to such protection. ... of applicants and recipients in obtaining compliance with this part and shall provide assistance...

  20. 7 CFR 15.5 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Compliance. 15.5 Section 15.5 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture NONDISCRIMINATION Nondiscrimination in Federally-Assisted Programs of the Department of Agriculture-Effectuation of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 § 15.5 Compliance....

  1. 40 CFR 63.863 - Compliance dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 10 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compliance dates. 63.863 Section 63..., Sulfite, and Stand-Alone Semichemical Pulp Mills § 63.863 Compliance dates. (a) The owner or operator of... startup date after March 13, 2001 must comply with the requirements in this subpart immediately...

  2. 32 CFR 263.3 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compliance. 263.3 Section 263.3 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS TRAFFIC AND VEHICLE CONTROL ON CERTAIN DEFENSE MAPPING AGENCY SITES § 263.3 Compliance. (a) All persons entering...

  3. 5 CFR 304.108 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS EXPERT AND CONSULTANT APPOINTMENTS § 304.108 Compliance. (a) Each agency using 5 U.S.C. 3109 must establish and maintain a system of controls and oversight necessary to assure compliance with 5 U.S.C. 3109 and these regulations. The...

  4. 5 CFR 304.108 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS EXPERT AND CONSULTANT APPOINTMENTS § 304.108 Compliance. (a) Each agency using 5 U.S.C. 3109 must establish and maintain a system of controls and oversight necessary to assure compliance with 5 U.S.C. 3109 and these regulations. The...

  5. 5 CFR 304.108 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS EXPERT AND CONSULTANT APPOINTMENTS § 304.108 Compliance. (a) Each agency using 5 U.S.C. 3109 must establish and maintain a system of controls and oversight necessary to assure compliance with 5 U.S.C. 3109 and these regulations. The...

  6. 5 CFR 304.108 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS EXPERT AND CONSULTANT APPOINTMENTS § 304.108 Compliance. (a) Each agency using 5 U.S.C. 3109 must establish and maintain a system of controls and oversight necessary to assure compliance with 5 U.S.C. 3109 and these regulations. The...

  7. 32 CFR 101.7 - Compliance measures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... PARTICIPATION IN RESERVE TRAINING PROGRAMS § 101.7 Compliance measures. Under the provisions of 32 CFR part 100... the provisions of 32 CFR part 41, when the Military Department concerned has determined that the... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compliance measures. 101.7 Section...

  8. 32 CFR 101.7 - Compliance measures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... PARTICIPATION IN RESERVE TRAINING PROGRAMS § 101.7 Compliance measures. Under the provisions of 32 CFR part 100... the provisions of 32 CFR part 41, when the Military Department concerned has determined that the... 32 National Defense 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Compliance measures. 101.7 Section...

  9. 29 CFR 2205.170 - Compliance procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613 pursuant to section 501 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C... 29 Labor 9 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Compliance procedures. 2205.170 Section 2205.170 Labor... REVIEW COMMISSION § 2205.170 Compliance procedures. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of...

  10. 29 CFR 2205.170 - Compliance procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Opportunity Commission in 29 CFR part 1613 pursuant to section 501 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compliance procedures. 2205.170 Section 2205.170 Labor... REVIEW COMMISSION § 2205.170 Compliance procedures. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of...

  11. 10 CFR 431.36 - Compliance Certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... labeler may at its option request that DOE provide it with a unique Compliance Certification number (“CC... Certification Number (CC number)—(1) DOE processing of Certification. Promptly upon receipt of a Compliance... advise the submitting party of the basis for its determination. (2) Issuance of CC number(s). (i)...

  12. 36 CFR 223.13 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER, SPECIAL FOREST PRODUCTS, AND FOREST BOTANICAL PRODUCTS General... compliance with applicable land management plans and is conducted in a manner which protects National Forest... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Compliance. 223.13...

  13. 36 CFR 223.13 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER General Provisions § 223.13 Compliance. Forest officers authorizing... conducted in a manner which protects National Forest System resource values. (92 Stat. 1301, Pub. L. 95-465) ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compliance. 223.13...

  14. 36 CFR 223.13 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER, SPECIAL FOREST PRODUCTS, AND FOREST BOTANICAL PRODUCTS General... compliance with applicable land management plans and is conducted in a manner which protects National Forest... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Compliance. 223.13...

  15. 36 CFR 223.13 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER, SPECIAL FOREST PRODUCTS, AND FOREST BOTANICAL PRODUCTS General... compliance with applicable land management plans and is conducted in a manner which protects National Forest... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Compliance. 223.13...

  16. 33 CFR 106.110 - Compliance dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Compliance dates. 106.110 Section 106.110 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MARITIME SECURITY MARINE SECURITY: OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF (OCS) FACILITIES General § 106.110 Compliance dates. (a) On...

  17. 43 CFR 17.5 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Compliance information. 17.5 Section 17.5... Origin § 17.5 Compliance information. (a) Cooperation and assistance. The Secretary or his designee shall... containing such information, as the Secretary or his designee may determine to be necessary to enable him...

  18. 18 CFR 705.6 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Compliance information... Compliance information. (a) Cooperation and assistance. The responsible agency official shall, to the fullest... information, as the responsible agency official may determine to be necessary to enable him to...

  19. 10 CFR 1040.102 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Compliance information. 1040.102 Section 1040.102 Energy... Program Monitoring § 1040.102 Compliance information. (a) Cooperation and assistance. Each responsible... times, in such form, and containing information as the responsible Department official or the...

  20. 44 CFR 7.10 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Compliance information. 7.10... in FEMA-Assisted Programs-General § 7.10 Compliance information. (a) Cooperation and assistance. The... such information, as the responsible agency official or his designee may determine to be necessary...

  1. 28 CFR 42.723 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Compliance information. 42.723 Section 42...; Implementation of the Age Discrimination Act of 1975 Duties of Recipients § 42.723 Compliance information. (a) Upon request by the Department, a recipient shall make available to the Department...

  2. 18 CFR 1302.6 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Compliance information... § 1302.6 Compliance information. (a) Cooperation and assistance. TVA shall to the fullest extent... reports at such times, and in such form and containing such information, as TVA may determined to...

  3. 43 CFR 27.7 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Compliance information. 27.7 Section 27.7... UNDER TITLE II OF PUBLIC LAW 93-153 § 27.7 Compliance information. (a) Records, reports, and access to... such form, and containing such information, as he may determine to be necessary to enable him...

  4. 28 CFR 42.207 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Compliance information. 42.207 Section 42...) of the Justice System Improvement Act of 1979 § 42.207 Compliance information. (a) Each recipient shall: (1) Keep such records, and submit to OJARS such timely, complete, and accurate information...

  5. 43 CFR 34.9 - Compliance reporting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Compliance reporting. 34.9 Section 34.9 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior REQUIREMENTS FOR EQUAL OPPORTUNITY DURING CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ALASKA NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM § 34.9 Compliance reporting....

  6. 18 CFR 284.11 - Environmental compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Environmental compliance. 284.11 Section 284.11 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY... RELATED AUTHORITIES General Provisions and Conditions § 284.11 Environmental compliance. (a) Any...

  7. 7 CFR 1724.9 - Environmental compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental compliance. 1724.9 Section 1724.9... Environmental compliance. Borrowers shall comply with the requirements of part 1794 of this chapter, Environmental Policies and Procedures for Electric and Telephone Borrowers....

  8. 18 CFR 284.11 - Environmental compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Environmental compliance. 284.11 Section 284.11 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY... RELATED AUTHORITIES General Provisions and Conditions § 284.11 Environmental compliance. (a) Any...

  9. 7 CFR 1724.9 - Environmental compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Environmental compliance. 1724.9 Section 1724.9... Environmental compliance. Borrowers shall comply with the requirements of part 1794 of this chapter, Environmental Policies and Procedures for Electric and Telephone Borrowers....

  10. 10 CFR 434.102 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Compliance. 434.102 Section 434.102 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Administration and Enforcement-General § 434.102 Compliance. 102.1A covered building must...

  11. 10 CFR 434.102 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Compliance. 434.102 Section 434.102 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Administration and Enforcement-General § 434.102 Compliance. 102.1A covered building must...

  12. 10 CFR 434.102 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Compliance. 434.102 Section 434.102 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Administration and Enforcement-General § 434.102 Compliance. 102.1 A covered building must...

  13. 10 CFR 434.102 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Compliance. 434.102 Section 434.102 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Administration and Enforcement-General § 434.102 Compliance. 102.1A covered building must...

  14. 10 CFR 434.102 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Compliance. 434.102 Section 434.102 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Administration and Enforcement-General § 434.102 Compliance. 102.1A covered building must...

  15. Maternal Responsiveness and Subsequent Child Compliance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parpal, Mary; Maccoby, Eleanor E.

    1985-01-01

    Contrasts effects of three modes of mother/child interaction on children's subsequent compliance with maternal directives. Subjects were 39 children from lower-middle-class families, ranging in age from approximately three to four-and-a-half. Responsive play and noninteractive conditions produced higher levels of compliance than the untrained free…

  16. 5 CFR 900.604 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Compliance. (a) Certification by Chief Executives. (1) Certification of agreement by a chief executive of a... these certifications and make them available to the Office of Personnel Management. (3) In the absence of certification by the chief executive, compliance with the Standards may be certified by the...

  17. 40 CFR 52.134 - Compliance schedules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Compliance schedules. 52.134 Section 52.134 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS Arizona § 52.134 Compliance schedules. (a)...

  18. 40 CFR 52.134 - Compliance schedules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compliance schedules. 52.134 Section 52.134 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS Arizona § 52.134 Compliance schedules. (a)...

  19. 40 CFR 52.134 - Compliance schedules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Compliance schedules. 52.134 Section 52.134 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS Arizona § 52.134 Compliance schedules. (a)...

  20. 40 CFR 52.134 - Compliance schedules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Compliance schedules. 52.134 Section 52.134 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS Arizona § 52.134 Compliance schedules. (a)...

  1. 40 CFR 52.134 - Compliance schedules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Compliance schedules. 52.134 Section 52.134 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS Arizona § 52.134 Compliance schedules. (a)...

  2. 10 CFR 1040.102 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Compliance information. 1040.102 Section 1040.102 Energy... Program Monitoring § 1040.102 Compliance information. (a) Cooperation and assistance. Each responsible... times, in such form, and containing information as the responsible Department official or the...

  3. 28 CFR 42.723 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...; POLICIES AND PROCEDURES Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Age in Federally Assisted Programs or Activities; Implementation of the Age Discrimination Act of 1975 Duties of Recipients § 42.723 Compliance information. (a... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compliance information. 42.723 Section...

  4. 45 CFR 3.3 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Compliance. 3.3 Section 3.3 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CONDUCT OF PERSONS AND TRAFFIC ON THE NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH FEDERAL ENCLAVE General § 3.3 Compliance. A person must comply with the regulations...

  5. Presentation on POU Systems for Compliance

    EPA Science Inventory

    Presentation being given at the Water Quality Association Annual Conference, Las Vegas, NV, April 21-22, 2015. Information being presented on the use of POU/POE systems for the compliance to EPA drinking water regulations. Information will included arsenic compliance data by St...

  6. 40 CFR 52.1175 - Compliance schedules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Michigan § 52.1175 Compliance schedules. (a... Rule 336.49 of the Michigan Air Pollution Control Commission provides for individual compliance... source subject to the following emission-limiting regulations in the Michigan implementation plan...

  7. 40 CFR 52.1175 - Compliance schedules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Michigan § 52.1175 Compliance schedules. (a... Rule 336.49 of the Michigan Air Pollution Control Commission provides for individual compliance... source subject to the following emission-limiting regulations in the Michigan implementation plan...

  8. 40 CFR 52.1175 - Compliance schedules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS (CONTINUED) Michigan § 52.1175 Compliance schedules. (a... Rule 336.49 of the Michigan Air Pollution Control Commission provides for individual compliance... source subject to the following emission-limiting regulations in the Michigan implementation plan...

  9. 43 CFR 17.330 - Compliance reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., Conciliation, and Enforcement Procedures § 17.330 Compliance reviews. (a) DOI may conduct compliance reviews... and correct violations of the Act and these regulations. DOI may conduct these reviews even in the... review indicates a violation of the Act or these regulations, DOI will attempt to secure...

  10. 40 CFR 63.1348 - Compliance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    .... Any cement kiln that has been subject to the requirements of subpart CCCC or subpart DDDD of 40 CFR...). The owner or operator of a kiln with an in-line raw mill must demonstrate initial compliance by... measured for the three runs must be calculated to determine compliance. The owner or operator of a...

  11. 40 CFR 52.1335 - Compliance schedules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compliance schedules. 52.1335 Section 52.1335 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED... Effective date Final compliance date Pilot Knob Pelleting Co Pilot Knob, MO V(10 CSR 10-3.050) Oct. 19,...

  12. 40 CFR 766.5 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Compliance. 766.5 Section 766.5 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT DIBENZO-PARA-DIOXINS/DIBENZOFURANS General Provisions § 766.5 Compliance. Any person who fails or refuses...

  13. 40 CFR 766.5 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Compliance. 766.5 Section 766.5 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT DIBENZO-PARA-DIOXINS/DIBENZOFURANS General Provisions § 766.5 Compliance. Any person who fails or refuses...

  14. 40 CFR 766.5 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Compliance. 766.5 Section 766.5 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT DIBENZO-PARA-DIOXINS/DIBENZOFURANS General Provisions § 766.5 Compliance. Any person who fails or refuses...

  15. 40 CFR 766.5 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Compliance. 766.5 Section 766.5 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT DIBENZO-PARA-DIOXINS/DIBENZOFURANS General Provisions § 766.5 Compliance. Any person who fails or refuses...

  16. 40 CFR 766.5 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compliance. 766.5 Section 766.5 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT DIBENZO-PARA-DIOXINS/DIBENZOFURANS General Provisions § 766.5 Compliance. Any person who fails or refuses...

  17. 38 CFR 18.546 - Compliance procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Compliance procedure. 18.546 Section 18.546 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED... Enforcement Procedures § 18.546 Compliance procedure. (a) VA may enforce the Act and these regulations...

  18. 38 CFR 18.546 - Compliance procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Compliance procedure. 18.546 Section 18.546 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED... Enforcement Procedures § 18.546 Compliance procedure. (a) VA may enforce the Act and these regulations...

  19. 38 CFR 18.546 - Compliance procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compliance procedure. 18.546 Section 18.546 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED... Enforcement Procedures § 18.546 Compliance procedure. (a) VA may enforce the Act and these regulations...

  20. 38 CFR 18.546 - Compliance procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Compliance procedure. 18.546 Section 18.546 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED... Enforcement Procedures § 18.546 Compliance procedure. (a) VA may enforce the Act and these regulations...

  1. 38 CFR 18.546 - Compliance procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Compliance procedure. 18.546 Section 18.546 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED... Enforcement Procedures § 18.546 Compliance procedure. (a) VA may enforce the Act and these regulations...

  2. 47 CFR 18.212 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Compliance information. 18.212 Section 18.212 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL INDUSTRIAL, SCIENTIFIC, AND MEDICAL EQUIPMENT Applications and Authorizations § 18.212 Compliance information. (a) Equipment authorized under the...

  3. 40 CFR 73.35 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 16 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Compliance. 73.35 Section 73.35 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) SULFUR DIOXIDE... (FIFO) accounting basis beginning with those allowances with the earliest compliance use date...

  4. 44 CFR 7.10 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Compliance information. 7.10... in FEMA-Assisted Programs-General § 7.10 Compliance information. (a) Cooperation and assistance. The... such information, as the responsible agency official or his designee may determine to be necessary...

  5. 40 CFR 52.1677 - Compliance schedules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... progress toward compliance by affected sources or categories of sources. (c) The requirements of § 51.262(a... been submitted for every source for which they are required. (d) Federal compliance schedules. (1) The... 1, 1973, of his intent to utilize either low-sulfur fuel or stack gas desulfurization to meet...

  6. 40 CFR 52.524 - Compliance schedules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... progress have not been submitted for every source for which they are required. (b) Federal compliance... stationary source subject to the following emission limiting regulations in the Florida implementation plan... describes at a minimum the steps which will be taken by the source to achieve compliance with the...

  7. 40 CFR 52.1677 - Compliance schedules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... progress toward compliance by affected sources or categories of sources. (c) The requirements of § 51.262(a... been submitted for every source for which they are required. (d) Federal compliance schedules. (1) The... 1, 1973, of his intent to utilize either low-sulfur fuel or stack gas desulfurization to meet...

  8. 40 CFR 503.2 - Compliance period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SEWAGE SLUDGE STANDARDS FOR THE USE OR DISPOSAL OF SEWAGE SLUDGE General Provisions § 503.2 Compliance period. (a) Compliance with the standards... part for total hydrocarbons in the exit gas from a sewage sludge incinerator are effective February...

  9. 40 CFR 503.2 - Compliance period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SEWAGE SLUDGE STANDARDS FOR THE USE OR DISPOSAL OF SEWAGE SLUDGE General Provisions § 503.2 Compliance period. (a) Compliance with the standards... part for total hydrocarbons in the exit gas from a sewage sludge incinerator are effective February...

  10. 40 CFR 503.2 - Compliance period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SEWAGE SLUDGE STANDARDS FOR THE USE OR DISPOSAL OF SEWAGE SLUDGE General Provisions § 503.2 Compliance period. (a) Compliance with the standards... part for total hydrocarbons in the exit gas from a sewage sludge incinerator are effective February...

  11. 40 CFR 503.2 - Compliance period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SEWAGE SLUDGE STANDARDS FOR THE USE OR DISPOSAL OF SEWAGE SLUDGE General Provisions § 503.2 Compliance period. (a) Compliance with the standards... part for total hydrocarbons in the exit gas from a sewage sludge incinerator are effective February...

  12. 40 CFR 503.2 - Compliance period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SEWAGE SLUDGE STANDARDS FOR THE USE OR DISPOSAL OF SEWAGE SLUDGE General Provisions § 503.2 Compliance period. (a) Compliance with the standards... part for total hydrocarbons in the exit gas from a sewage sludge incinerator are effective February...

  13. 40 CFR 63.1348 - Compliance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... demonstrated if the system is maintained within ± 5 percent accuracy during the performance test. (4)(i) THC compliance. If you are subject to limitations on THC emissions under § 63.1343(b), you must demonstrate initial compliance with the THC emissions standards by using the performance test methods and...

  14. 40 CFR 63.1348 - Compliance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    .... Any cement kiln that has been subject to the requirements of subpart CCCC or subpart DDDD of 40 CFR... review in your monitoring plan required in section 63.1350(p). (4)(i) THC Compliance. If you are subject to limitations on THC emissions under § 63.1343(b), you must demonstrate compliance with the...

  15. 40 CFR 63.1348 - Compliance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... demonstrated if the system is maintained within ± 5 percent accuracy during the performance test. (4)(i) THC compliance. If you are subject to limitations on THC emissions under § 63.1343(b), you must demonstrate initial compliance with the THC emissions standards by using the performance test methods and...

  16. Teaching Medical Students about Treatment Compliance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blackwell, Barry; And Others

    1978-01-01

    To demonstrate poor patient compliance, medical students who preregistered for a conference on patient compliance were asked to adopt the role of "patient" and to take "medication" (Vitamin C) for one week, to observe certain dietary restrictions, and to complete an attitude and health beliefs questionnaire. Student attitudes resembled those of…

  17. 40 CFR 7.115 - Postaward compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Postaward compliance. 7.115 Section 7.115 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL NONDISCRIMINATION IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL ASSISTANCE FROM THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Agency Compliance...

  18. 40 CFR 7.110 - Preaward compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Preaward compliance. 7.110 Section 7.110 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL NONDISCRIMINATION IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL ASSISTANCE FROM THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Agency Compliance...

  19. 23 CFR 630.1016 - Compliance date.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Compliance date. 630.1016 Section 630.1016 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS PRECONSTRUCTION PROCEDURES Work Zone Safety and Mobility § 630.1016 Compliance date. States shall comply with...

  20. 47 CFR 18.212 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Compliance information. 18.212 Section 18.212 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL INDUSTRIAL, SCIENTIFIC, AND MEDICAL EQUIPMENT Applications and Authorizations § 18.212 Compliance information. (a) Equipment authorized under the...

  1. 47 CFR 18.212 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Compliance information. 18.212 Section 18.212 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL INDUSTRIAL, SCIENTIFIC, AND MEDICAL EQUIPMENT Applications and Authorizations § 18.212 Compliance information. (a) Equipment authorized under the...

  2. 47 CFR 18.212 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Compliance information. 18.212 Section 18.212 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL INDUSTRIAL, SCIENTIFIC, AND MEDICAL EQUIPMENT Applications and Authorizations § 18.212 Compliance information. (a) Equipment authorized under the...

  3. 47 CFR 18.212 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Compliance information. 18.212 Section 18.212 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL INDUSTRIAL, SCIENTIFIC, AND MEDICAL EQUIPMENT Applications and Authorizations § 18.212 Compliance information. (a) Equipment authorized under the...

  4. 33 CFR 106.110 - Compliance dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Compliance dates. 106.110 Section 106.110 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MARITIME SECURITY MARINE SECURITY: OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF (OCS) FACILITIES General § 106.110 Compliance dates. (a) On...

  5. 40 CFR 7.110 - Preaward compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Preaward compliance. 7.110 Section 7.110 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL NONDISCRIMINATION IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL ASSISTANCE FROM THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Agency Compliance...

  6. 40 CFR 7.115 - Postaward compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Postaward compliance. 7.115 Section 7.115 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL NONDISCRIMINATION IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL ASSISTANCE FROM THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Agency Compliance...

  7. 40 CFR 7.110 - Preaward compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Preaward compliance. 7.110 Section 7.110 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL NONDISCRIMINATION IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL ASSISTANCE FROM THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Agency Compliance...

  8. 40 CFR 7.115 - Postaward compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Postaward compliance. 7.115 Section 7.115 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL NONDISCRIMINATION IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL ASSISTANCE FROM THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Agency Compliance...

  9. 43 CFR 34.10 - Compliance reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... at 10 CFR 1040.104, (Nov. 16, 1978). At a minimum the procedures must incorporate the following... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Compliance reviews. 34.10 Section 34.10... CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ALASKA NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM § 34.10 Compliance reviews....

  10. 43 CFR 34.10 - Compliance reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... at 10 CFR 1040.104, (Nov. 16, 1978). At a minimum the procedures must incorporate the following... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Compliance reviews. 34.10 Section 34.10... CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ALASKA NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM § 34.10 Compliance reviews....

  11. 25 CFR 163.34 - Environmental compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Environmental compliance. 163.34 Section 163.34 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GENERAL FORESTRY REGULATIONS Forest Management and Operations § 163.34 Environmental compliance. Actions taken by the Secretary under...

  12. 25 CFR 163.34 - Environmental compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Environmental compliance. 163.34 Section 163.34 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GENERAL FORESTRY REGULATIONS Forest Management and Operations § 163.34 Environmental compliance. Actions taken by the Secretary under...

  13. 25 CFR 163.34 - Environmental compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Environmental compliance. 163.34 Section 163.34 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GENERAL FORESTRY REGULATIONS Forest Management and Operations § 163.34 Environmental compliance. Actions taken by the Secretary under...

  14. 33 CFR 106.110 - Compliance dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Compliance dates. 106.110 Section 106.110 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MARITIME SECURITY MARINE SECURITY: OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF (OCS) FACILITIES General § 106.110 Compliance dates. (a) On...

  15. 49 CFR 28.170 - Compliance procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Compliance procedures. 28.170 Section 28.170... HANDICAP IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION § 28.170 Compliance... Commission in 29 CFR part 1613 pursuant to section 501 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 791)....

  16. 40 CFR 97.54 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compliance. 97.54 Section 97.54 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL NOX BUDGET TRADING PROGRAM AND CAIR NOX AND SO2 TRADING PROGRAMS NOX Allowance Tracking System § 97.54 Compliance. (a) NOX allowance transfer...

  17. Determinants of Compliance among Pediatric Amblyopia Patients.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolff, Hans; Juhasz, Anne McCreary

    Given the recent focus on patient responsibility for health status and improvement, it is important to understand the dynamics involved in patient compliance to treatment regimens. The determinants of patching compliance among 30 pediatric amblyopia patients and their parents were investigated by means of parent, patient, and physician…

  18. 7 CFR 773.9 - Environmental compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Environmental compliance. 773.9 Section 773.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS SPECIAL APPLE LOAN PROGRAM § 773.9 Environmental compliance. (a) Except...

  19. 7 CFR 773.9 - Environmental compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Environmental compliance. 773.9 Section 773.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS SPECIAL APPLE LOAN PROGRAM § 773.9 Environmental compliance. (a) Except...

  20. 7 CFR 773.9 - Environmental compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental compliance. 773.9 Section 773.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS SPECIAL APPLE LOAN PROGRAM § 773.9 Environmental compliance. (a) Except...

  1. Maintaining Compliance in Customizable Process Models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schleicher, Daniel; Anstett, Tobias; Leymann, Frank; Mietzner, Ralph

    Compliance of business processes has gained importance during the last years. The growing number of internal and external regulations that companies need to obey has led to this state. This paper presents a practical concept of ensuring compliance during design time of customizable business processes.

  2. 44 CFR 16.170 - Compliance procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Compliance procedures. 16.170 Section 16.170 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF... ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED BY THE FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY § 16.170 Compliance procedures. (a) Except...

  3. 18 CFR 284.11 - Environmental compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Environmental compliance. 284.11 Section 284.11 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY... RELATED AUTHORITIES General Provisions and Conditions § 284.11 Environmental compliance. (a) Any...

  4. 25 CFR 163.34 - Environmental compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Environmental compliance. 163.34 Section 163.34 Indians... Management and Operations § 163.34 Environmental compliance. Actions taken by the Secretary under the regulations in this part must comply with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, applicable Council...

  5. 7 CFR 1724.9 - Environmental compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Environmental compliance. 1724.9 Section 1724.9... Environmental compliance. Borrowers shall comply with the requirements of part 1794 of this chapter, Environmental Policies and Procedures for Electric and Telephone Borrowers....

  6. 18 CFR 284.11 - Environmental compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Environmental compliance. 284.11 Section 284.11 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY... RELATED AUTHORITIES General Provisions and Conditions § 284.11 Environmental compliance. (a) Any...

  7. 36 CFR 9.85 - Environmental compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Environmental compliance. 9.85 Section 9.85 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT Alaska Mineral Resource Assessment Program § 9.85 Environmental compliance. Each AMRAP agency is responsible for obtaining...

  8. 22 CFR 141.5 - Compliance information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Compliance information. 141.5 Section 141.5 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE CIVIL RIGHTS NONDISCRIMINATION IN FEDERALLY-ASSISTED PROGRAMS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE-EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 141.5 Compliance...

  9. Weight Loss Nutritional Supplements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eckerson, Joan M.

    Obesity has reached what may be considered epidemic proportions in the United States, not only for adults but for children. Because of the medical implications and health care costs associated with obesity, as well as the negative social and psychological impacts, many individuals turn to nonprescription nutritional weight loss supplements hoping for a quick fix, and the weight loss industry has responded by offering a variety of products that generates billions of dollars each year in sales. Most nutritional weight loss supplements are purported to work by increasing energy expenditure, modulating carbohydrate or fat metabolism, increasing satiety, inducing diuresis, or blocking fat absorption. To review the literally hundreds of nutritional weight loss supplements available on the market today is well beyond the scope of this chapter. Therefore, several of the most commonly used supplements were selected for critical review, and practical recommendations are provided based on the findings of well controlled, randomized clinical trials that examined their efficacy. In most cases, the nutritional supplements reviewed either elicited no meaningful effect or resulted in changes in body weight and composition that are similar to what occurs through a restricted diet and exercise program. Although there is some evidence to suggest that herbal forms of ephedrine, such as ma huang, combined with caffeine or caffeine and aspirin (i.e., ECA stack) is effective for inducing moderate weight loss in overweight adults, because of the recent ban on ephedra manufacturers must now use ephedra-free ingredients, such as bitter orange, which do not appear to be as effective. The dietary fiber, glucomannan, also appears to hold some promise as a possible treatment for weight loss, but other related forms of dietary fiber, including guar gum and psyllium, are ineffective.

  10. 6 CFR 37.59 - DHS reviews of State compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Compliance Checklist or State certification documentation of full compliance pursuant to § 37.55. (1) If DHS determines that the State meets the benchmarks of the Material Compliance Checklist, DHS may grant the...

  11. 40 CFR 194.55 - Results of compliance assessments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... COMPLIANCE WITH THE 40 CFR PART 191 DISPOSAL REGULATIONS Compliance Certification and Re-certification...) Compliance assessments shall consider and document uncertainty in the performance of the disposal system....

  12. 40 CFR 194.55 - Results of compliance assessments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... COMPLIANCE WITH THE 40 CFR PART 191 DISPOSAL REGULATIONS Compliance Certification and Re-certification...) Compliance assessments shall consider and document uncertainty in the performance of the disposal system....

  13. 40 CFR 194.55 - Results of compliance assessments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... COMPLIANCE WITH THE 40 CFR PART 191 DISPOSAL REGULATIONS Compliance Certification and Re-certification...) Compliance assessments shall consider and document uncertainty in the performance of the disposal system....

  14. Mother-child planning and child compliance.

    PubMed

    Gauvain, Mary; Perez, Susan M

    2008-01-01

    This study investigated child compliance and maternal instruction during planning. Based on the Child Behavior Checklist and free-play observations, 40 mothers and their 4- to 5-year-old children were assigned to a group with children who behaved within the normal range of compliance (n = 20) or a group with children with high rates of noncompliance for this age (n = 20). Mothers in the noncompliant group provided more low-level, directive, and negative instruction; requested more compliance; and shared less task responsibility with children. Mothers in both groups responded to child compliance by increasing or maintaining the level of instruction. Results are discussed in relation to the role of child compliance in regulating opportunities for cognitive development in social context. PMID:18489426

  15. Herbs, Supplements and Alternative Medicines

    MedlinePlus

    ... not been able to prove that dietary or herbal supplements (including omega-3 supplements, cinnamon, and other herbs) ... of people with diabetes used some type of herbal therapy , while another study found that 31 percent used dietary supplements . Certain ethnic groups, such as Hispanics, Native Americans, ...

  16. New Dietary Supplements for Obesity: What We Currently Know.

    PubMed

    Ríos-Hoyo, Alejandro; Gutiérrez-Salmeán, Gabriela

    2016-06-01

    Obesity and its associated cardiometabolic alterations currently are considered an epidemic; thus, their treatment is of major importance. The cornerstone for such treatment involves therapeutic lifestyle changes; however, the vast majority of cases fail and/or significant weight loss is maintained only in the short term because of lack of compliance. The popularity of dietary supplements for weight management has increased, and a wide variety of these products are available over the counter. However, the existing scientific evidence is insufficient to recommend their safe use. Hence, the purpose of this article is to review the clinical effects, proposed mechanism of action, and safety profile of some of the new dietary supplements, including white bean extract, Garcinia cambogia, bitter orange, Hoodia gordonii, forskolin, green coffee, glucomannan, β-glucans, chitosan, guar gum, and raspberry ketones. PMID:27053066

  17. Vitamin and Mineral Supplement Fact Sheets

    MedlinePlus

    ... Tables Online DRI Tool Daily Value (DV) Tables Vitamin and Mineral Supplement Fact Sheets Search the list ... Supplements: Background Information Botanical Dietary Supplements: Background Information Vitamin and Mineral Fact Sheets Botanical Supplement Fact Sheets ...

  18. 40 CFR 194.14 - Content of compliance certification application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... PILOT PLANT'S COMPLIANCE WITH THE 40 CFR PART 191 DISPOSAL REGULATIONS Compliance Certification and Re... the geology, geophysics, hydrogeology, hydrology, and geochemistry of the disposal system and...

  19. 40 CFR 194.14 - Content of compliance certification application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... PILOT PLANT'S COMPLIANCE WITH THE 40 CFR PART 191 DISPOSAL REGULATIONS Compliance Certification and Re... the geology, geophysics, hydrogeology, hydrology, and geochemistry of the disposal system and...

  20. 40 CFR 194.14 - Content of compliance certification application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... PILOT PLANT'S COMPLIANCE WITH THE 40 CFR PART 191 DISPOSAL REGULATIONS Compliance Certification and Re... the geology, geophysics, hydrogeology, hydrology, and geochemistry of the disposal system and...

  1. 40 CFR 194.14 - Content of compliance certification application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... PILOT PLANT'S COMPLIANCE WITH THE 40 CFR PART 191 DISPOSAL REGULATIONS Compliance Certification and Re... the geology, geophysics, hydrogeology, hydrology, and geochemistry of the disposal system and...

  2. 40 CFR 194.14 - Content of compliance certification application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... PILOT PLANT'S COMPLIANCE WITH THE 40 CFR PART 191 DISPOSAL REGULATIONS Compliance Certification and Re... the geology, geophysics, hydrogeology, hydrology, and geochemistry of the disposal system and...

  3. 78 FR 76852 - Notice of Intent To Prepare a Supplement to the Tri-County Draft Resource Management Plan and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-19

    ...In compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), as amended, and the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (FLPMA), as amended, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Las Cruces District Office, Las Cruces, New Mexico, intends to prepare a Supplement to the Tri-County Draft Resource Management Plan (RMP) and Draft Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), and by this......

  4. 40 CFR 22.42 - Supplemental rules governing the administrative assessment of civil penalties for violations of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Supplemental rules governing the administrative assessment of civil penalties for violations of compliance orders issued to owners or operators of public water systems under part B of the Safe Drinking Water Act. 22.42 Section 22.42 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...

  5. 40 CFR 22.42 - Supplemental rules governing the administrative assessment of civil penalties for violations of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Supplemental rules governing the administrative assessment of civil penalties for violations of compliance orders issued to owners or operators of public water systems under part B of the Safe Drinking Water Act. 22.42 Section 22.42 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...

  6. 40 CFR 22.42 - Supplemental rules governing the administrative assessment of civil penalties for violations of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Supplemental rules governing the administrative assessment of civil penalties for violations of compliance orders issued to owners or operators of public water systems under part B of the Safe Drinking Water Act. 22.42 Section 22.42 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...

  7. Proposed rule: current good manufacturing practice in manufacturing, packing, or holding dietary ingredients and dietary supplements.

    PubMed

    Melethil, Srikumaran

    2006-03-27

    The Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) was enacted in October 1994 to promote the health of Americans by ensuring easier access to safe dietary supplements. Many supplements such as vitamins, minerals, herbs and amino acids have been reported to be helpful in chronic conditions (i.e., heart disease, cancer and osteoporosis). Under DSHEA, dietary supplements can be marketed without prior FDA approval; the burden is on this agency to show that a marketed dietary supplement is unsafe. However, DSHEA retained the FDA's authority to issue regulations that require the manufacture of dietary supplements be in compliance with current good manufacturing practice (cGMP) standards, which are needed to ensure their quality. Several quality-related concerns of marketed dietary supplements that came to light since the passage of DSHEA prompted the FDA in 2003 to propose rules for cGMP for the manufacture, packaging and holding (storage) of dietary supplements. This review will present the highlights of these proposed rules, focusing on the legislative history of DSHEA, rationale for proposing cGMPs along with a general discussion of the specific requirements. Given the voluminous nature of the specific details, the reader is directed to the pertinent FDA publications for details. In this analysis, selected scientific and legal issues are also discussed to promote a better understanding and implications of these rules.

  8. Mission impossible? Regulatory and enforcement issues to ensure safety of dietary supplements.

    PubMed

    Petroczi, A; Taylor, G; Naughton, D P

    2011-02-01

    Dietary supplements are widely used across all ages and user groups and constitute a considerable business sector in most developed countries. Hazards relating to concentration, composition, individual contaminants and supplement interactions present an increasing public health concern. The aim of this paper is to review the literature for reported supplement contaminations (occurs in ca 25% of supplements, with anabolic steroids being the most common) and complement these findings with notifications logged in the EU's Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) through imports or market surveillance, typically logged for poor quality control issues. Notifications in the RASFF have steadily increased by sixfold for supplements in the past 7 years with the USA and China being the major transgressors. Finland and Italy lead in detections, mainly notifying unpermitted substances and contaminants in sexual-enhancing or weight-loss supplements. This paper highlights the paucity of enforcement. Regulating supplements as a foodstuff and not a medicine, coupled with the fact that a significant proportion of the supplement market is distributed via the Internet (hence absent from routine border control and surveillance), make ensuring and enforcing safety a very challenging task. The need for better quality control, compliance and public awareness is evident.

  9. Measurement of arterial compliance in vivo.

    PubMed

    Wiinberg, N

    2000-01-01

    Measurement of arterial compliance is of interest in evaluating patients with atherosclerosis and other diseases which affect the vessels. Arterial compliance is the relation between changes in transmural pressure and volume of an arterial segment, where a high compliance signifies large changes in volume per change in transmural pressure. The relation between changes in transmural pressure and volume is far from linear as compliance increases progressively with decreases in blood pressure. A change in compliance could indicate static changes in arterial wall composition, i.e. the relation between elastic and collagen fibres and accumulation of disease related deposits or dynamic changes caused by alterations in muscular tone. The most used method reflecting arterial compliance is the measurement of pulse wave velocity. However, the pulse wave velocity method measures compliance at ambient transmural pressures and is affected both by the actual blood pressure and the rate of pressure change. Another commonly used method employs the echo-tracking technique to measure the arterial diameter simultaneously with continuous blood pressure monitoring. By this method it is possible to calculate arterial compliance for continuous pressure values between the diastole and the systole. The volume-oscillometry method is based on the fact that the artery can be made to collapse at the end of the diastole by an occlusive cuff while it remains open in a pressure dependent manner during the rest of the cardiac cycle. Changes in the arterial volume is transmitted to the cuff, where it induces a measurable change in pressure, and hence the volume of the artery can be calculated at different values of transmural pressures. Using this method on normal subjects has shown that the arterial compliance decreases with increasing age and that females have lower compliance than males primarily due to a smaller diameter of their arteries. It has also been shown that patients with essential

  10. [ERGOGENIC SPORT SUPPLEMENTS FOR ATHLETES].

    PubMed

    Arieli, Rakefet; Lahav, Yair

    2016-06-01

    Use of performance-enhancing supplements occurs at all levels of sports, from recreational athletes to professional athletes. Although some supplements do enhance athletic performance, many have no proven benefits and have adverse effects. Nutritional supplements are categorized into the following categories: I. Apparently Effective. II. Possibly Effective. III. Too Early To Tell. IV. Apparently Ineffective. This article will review 4 ergogenic supplements which are categorized in the first category--"Apparently Effective"--1) Buffer agents 2) Creatine 3) Caffeine and 4 Nitric Oxide. Given the widespread use of performance enhancing supplements, physicians, and dietitians should be prepared to counsel athletes about their effectiveness, safety and legality.

  11. [ERGOGENIC SPORT SUPPLEMENTS FOR ATHLETES].

    PubMed

    Arieli, Rakefet; Lahav, Yair

    2016-06-01

    Use of performance-enhancing supplements occurs at all levels of sports, from recreational athletes to professional athletes. Although some supplements do enhance athletic performance, many have no proven benefits and have adverse effects. Nutritional supplements are categorized into the following categories: I. Apparently Effective. II. Possibly Effective. III. Too Early To Tell. IV. Apparently Ineffective. This article will review 4 ergogenic supplements which are categorized in the first category--"Apparently Effective"--1) Buffer agents 2) Creatine 3) Caffeine and 4 Nitric Oxide. Given the widespread use of performance enhancing supplements, physicians, and dietitians should be prepared to counsel athletes about their effectiveness, safety and legality. PMID:27544991

  12. Effective Nutritional Supplement Combinations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cooke, Matt; Cribb, Paul J.

    Few supplement combinations that are marketed to athletes are supported by scientific evidence of their effectiveness. Quite often, under the rigor of scientific investigation, the patented combination fails to provide any greater benefit than a group given the active (generic) ingredient. The focus of this chapter is supplement combinations and dosing strategies that are effective at promoting an acute physiological response that may improve/enhance exercise performance or influence chronic adaptations desired from training. In recent years, there has been a particular focus on two nutritional ergogenic aids—creatine monohydrate and protein/amino acids—in combination with specific nutrients in an effort to augment or add to their already established independent ergogenic effects. These combinations and others are discussed in this chapter.

  13. Physicians' influence on breast cancer patient compliance.

    PubMed

    Kostev, Karel; Waehlert, Lilia; Jockwig, Achim; Jockwig, Barbara; Hadji, Peyman

    2014-01-01

    In recent years there have been major advances in the treatment of breast cancer. However, taking the prescribed medication for a sufficient period of time is crucial to the success of any therapy. Thus far, no database-based studies have been published in German-speaking countries empirically examining the influence of the physician on the compliance of patients. The aim of this study is to investigate, quantify, and critically discuss the effect treating physicians have on the compliance of their breast cancer patients. Patients with a confirmed breast cancer diagnosis who started therapy (tamoxifen or aromatase inhibitors) between January 2001 and December 2011 were selected from the representative IMS Disease Analyzer database and analyzed with regard to their compliance. Practices were grouped into two categories concerning the compliance of all treated patients. A regression model showed that a breast cancer patient who is treated in a practice with a trend toward poor compliance has a nearly 60% higher risk for treatment discontinuation than would be the case in a practice with good compliance. It shows how important it is to motivate physicians to strive toward good compliance rates.

  14. Vitamin supplementation and megadoses.

    PubMed

    Blair, K A

    1986-07-01

    Almost one-third of American adults regularly take vitamins and supplements. If taken incorrectly or in excess, these vitamins may be a potential health hazard. Vitamins are essential nutrients which, in combination with other nutrients (e.g., fats, carbohydrates and proteins), foster normal metabolism. Vitamins also interact with each other. For example, vitamin C participates in the metabolism of folic acid, and vitamin E facilitates the absorption and storage of vitamin A. Because the biological functions of vitamins are interrelated, a diet poor in vitamins, carbohydrates, fats and proteins is not necessarily enhanced by vitamin supplementation. When vitamins are taken in excess of the Recommended Dietary Allowances or the individual's needs, the vitamins no longer function as vitamins but instead act as drugs, with such pharmacological effects as clinical toxicities and the abnormal utilization of vitamins. There are six categories that require vitamin supplements and, in some cases, megadoses. These will be discussed in detail. In addition, a brief table showing the Recommended Dietary Allowances will be given which the nurse practitioner can use in assessing nutritional needs of the client so that necessary adjustments can be made. Finally, a brief review of the potential risks and benefits of megadoses in normal, healthy adults will be given. PMID:3737019

  15. Online treatment compliance checking for clinical pathways.

    PubMed

    Huang, Zhengxing; Bao, Yurong; Dong, Wei; Lu, Xudong; Duan, Huilong

    2014-10-01

    Compliance checking for clinical pathways (CPs) is getting increasing attention in health-care organizations due to stricter requirements for cost control and treatment excellence. Many compliance measures have been proposed for treatment behavior inspection in CPs. However, most of them look at aggregated data seen from an external perspective, e.g. length of stay, cost, infection rate, etc., which may provide only a posterior impression of the overall conformance with the established CPs such that in-depth and in near real time checking on the compliance of the essential/critical treatment behaviors of CPs is limited. To provide clinicians real time insights into violations of the established CP specification and support online compliance checking, this article presents a semantic rule-based CP compliance checking system. In detail, we construct a CP ontology (CPO) model to provide a formal grounding of CP compliance checking. Using the proposed CPO, domain treatment constraints are modeled into Semantic Web Rule Language (SWRL) rules to specify the underlying treatment behaviors and their quantified temporal structure in a CP. The established SWRL rules are integrated with the CP workflow such that a series of applicable compliance checking and evaluation can be reminded and recommended during the pathway execution. The proposed approach can, therefore, provides a comprehensive compliance checking service as a paralleling activity to the patient treatment journey of a CP rather than an afterthought. The proposed approach is illustrated with a case study on the unstable angina clinical pathway implemented in the Cardiology Department of a Chinese hospital. The results demonstrate that the approach, as a feasible solution to provide near real time conformance checking of CPs, not only enables clinicians to uncover non-compliant treatment behaviors, but also empowers clinicians with the capability to make informed decisions when dealing with treatment compliance

  16. Title V continuous compliance data management

    SciTech Connect

    Cotter, J.; Takacs, J.F.; Conover, P.J.

    1998-12-31

    Mallinckrodt Baker, Inc. (MBI) has realized that the hardest part about compliance with Title V requirements is not the initial permit application, but the ongoing compliance and certification process. In late 1995, the Phillipsburg New Jersey plant elected to begin the development of an Air Compliance Module. This Air Module is a component of the overall Environmental Information Management System (EIMS). The purpose of this module is to meet the needs for continuous compliance and certification of that compliance. The Air Module meets three functional needs. The first need is to verify permit compliance. The permit limitations for each emission unit are contained in this module. These limitations do not just include emissions, but also include operational limitations such as, hours of operation and product throughputs. The second need is to calculate and track emissions. The emissions from each emission unit are calculated and compared to the annual limitations. Reports are generated for total emissions and for emission units that are approaching permit limits. The third need is for production tracking. This system tracks production, hours of operation, scrubber parameters and most of the information required by the compliance plan. In addition, specific business information such as quality parameters and safety inspections is recorded. This is where this module becomes a business system, providing data accumulation, tracking and reporting not possible using the current manual systems. Data from all of the operations at the plant are captured by the production tracking system. This information is fed into the emission calculator to calculate the emissions for each emission unit. The emission data and other operating parameters are then compared to the requirements of the compliance plan stored in the permit limitations. This is then used to produce the semi-annual compliance report.

  17. Site Annual Environmental Report for 1997 - Data Supplement

    SciTech Connect

    Biermann, A.H.; Althouse, P.E.; Brandstetter, E.R.; Christofferson, E.C.; Fields, B.C.; Gallegos, G.M.; Garcia, L.M.; Harrach, R.J.; Larson, J.M.; Tate, P.J.

    1998-09-01

    This Data Supplement to the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's (LLNL's) annual Environmental Report 1997 (called Volume 2 in previous years) was prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy. The main volume is intended to provide all information on LLNL's environmental impact and compliance activities that is of interest to most readers. The Data Supplement supports main volume summary data and is essentially a detailed data report that provides individual data points, where applicable. Some summary data are also included in the Data Supplement, and more detailed accounts are given of sample collection and analytical methods. Not all of the data in the Data Supplement tables have been reduced to the proper number of significant figures; however, summary data in both volumes are expressed using the proper number of significant figures. The two volumes are organized in a parallel fashion to aid the reader in cross-referencing between them. This supplement includes more detailed information to support the nine chapters in the main volume that cover monitoring of air, air effluent, sewerable water, surface water, ground water, soil and sediment, vegetation and foodstuff, environmental radiation, and quality assurance. The other four chapters in the main volume have no supporting information in the Data Supplement. As in our previous annual reports, data are presented in Systeme International (SI) units. In particular, the primary units used for radiological results are becquerels and sieverts for activity and dose, with curies and rem used secondarily (1 Bq = 2.7 x 10{sup {minus}11} Ci; 1 Sv = 100 rem).

  18. Building an effective corporate compliance plan.

    PubMed

    Ryan, E

    1997-09-01

    Corporate compliance plans are essential for healthcare organizations to cope with, and perhaps even stave off, investigations arising from allegations of illegal business practices. Initial development and implementation of a corporate compliance plan can be facilitated through four steps: determining the content of the code of conduct, determining how the code will be distributed, assigning responsibility for implementing the plan, and appointing a compliance task force to guide the implementation process. Special attention should be paid to education requirements of the United States Sentencing Guidelines to see that all employees understand and can apply provisions of the plan.

  19. Measurement of venous compliance (8-IML-1)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thirsk, R. B.

    1992-01-01

    The prime objective of this International Microgravity Laboratory (IML-1) investigation is to measure the bulk compliance (distensibility) of the veins in the lower leg before, during, and after spaceflight. It is of particular interest whether venous compliance over the range of both positive and negative transmural pressures (various states of venous distention and collapse) changes throughout the duration of spaceflight. Information concerning the occurrence and character of compliance changes could have implications for the design of improved antigravity suits and further the understanding of inflight and postflight venous hemodynamics.

  20. Numerical assessment of a landfill compliance limit

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Hensel, Bruce R.; Keefer, Donald A.; Griffin, Robert A.; Berg, Richard C.

    1991-01-01

    The PLASM and Random Walk ground-water flow and contaminant transport models were used to assess the potential impact of various proposed regulatory compliance distances on landfill siting. Contaminant transport modeling was performed for 16 generalized geological sequences representative of hydrogeological conditions over an estimated 90 to 95 percent of Illinois. Results of this modeling indicate that about 50 percent of the state would be hydrogeologically suitable for landfilling of nonhazardous wastes if the compliance distance was 100 feet. With a compliance distance of 500 feet, about 55 percent of the state would be hydrogeologically suitable. This work demonstrates the utility of computer modeling in the development of regulations governing landfill siting.

  1. An analysis of aircrew procedural compliance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schofield, J. E.; Giffin, W. C.

    1981-01-01

    This research examines the relationships between aircrew compliance with procedures and operator errors. The data for this analysis were generated by reexamination of a 1976 experiment in full mission simulation conducted by Dr. H. P. Ruffell Smith (1979) for the NASA-Ames Research Center. The character of individual operators, the chemistry of crew composition, and complex aspects of the operational environment affected procedural compliance by crew members. Associations between enumerated operator errors and several objective indicators of crew coordination were investigated. The correspondence among high operator error counts and infrequent compliance with specific crew coordination requirements was most notable when copilots were accountable for control of flight parameters.

  2. Compliance status summaries for federal and state statutory directives that apply to the Salt Repository Project at the Deaf Smith County Site, Texas

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1986-07-01

    This document contains statutory summaries, checklists of compliance requirements, status summaries, and lists of information needs for the environmental and health and safety statutory directives at Federal and State levels that apply to the Salt Repository Project at the Deaf Smith County Site, Texas. Statutes that apply in general to any repository project but not specifically to the Deaf Smith are not included. The information herein supplements the Salt Repository Project Statutory Compliance Plan and the Salt Repository Project Permitting Management Plan by providing lengthy details on statutory directives, compliance requirements, information needs, and the overall status of the environmental and health and safety compliance program for the Salt Repository Project at the Deaf Smith County Site, Texas.

  3. 40 CFR 52.825 - Compliance schedules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... schedule. Editorial Note: For Federal Register citations affecting § 52.825, see the List of CFR Sections... variances if source(s) is on an accepted and approved compliance schedule. Note 3: City of Des...

  4. Nevada Compliance Implementation and Evaluation Guide

    SciTech Connect

    Cole, Pamala C.

    2012-08-30

    This Guide is designed to assist state and local code jurisdictions in achieving statewide compliance with the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) for residential buildings and ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2007 for commercial buildings.

  5. Iowa Compliance Implementation and Evaluation Guide

    SciTech Connect

    Cole, Pamala C.

    2012-09-04

    This Guide is designed to assist state and local code jurisdictions in achieving statewide compliance with the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) for residential buildings and ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2007 for commercial buildings.

  6. 40 CFR 264.96 - Compliance period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ....96 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL FACILITIES Releases From Solid Waste Management Units § 264.96 Compliance period. (a) The Regional Administrator...

  7. 40 CFR 63.1351 - Compliance dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... for Hazardous Air Pollutants From the Portland Cement Manufacturing Industry Monitoring and Compliance... any rule requirements that were in effect before December 20, 2006, is: (1) June 14, 2002, for...

  8. 43 CFR 34.10 - Compliance reviews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ALASKA NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM § 34.10 Compliance reviews. (a... at 10 CFR 1040.104, (Nov. 16, 1978). At a minimum the procedures must incorporate the...

  9. Predicting Compliance Behavior from Moral Judgment Scales

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Froming, William J.; Cooper, Robert G., Jr.

    1977-01-01

    Two experiments with college males examined the relationship between moral judgment and compliance in a modified Asch paradigm. Moral judgment was assessed using Kohlberg's dilemmas in one experiment and with Rest's Defining Issues in the second experiment. (Editor/RK)

  10. 7 CFR 955.80 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIDALIA ONIONS GROWN IN GEORGIA Miscellaneous Provisions § 955.80 Compliance. No handler shall handle Vidalia onions except in conformity...

  11. 7 CFR 955.80 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIDALIA ONIONS GROWN IN GEORGIA Miscellaneous Provisions § 955.80 Compliance. No handler shall handle Vidalia onions except in conformity...

  12. 7 CFR 955.80 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIDALIA ONIONS GROWN IN GEORGIA Miscellaneous Provisions § 955.80 Compliance. No handler shall handle Vidalia onions except in conformity...

  13. 7 CFR 955.80 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIDALIA ONIONS GROWN IN GEORGIA Miscellaneous Provisions § 955.80 Compliance. No handler shall handle Vidalia onions except in conformity...

  14. 7 CFR 955.80 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIDALIA ONIONS GROWN IN GEORGIA Miscellaneous Provisions § 955.80 Compliance. No handler shall handle Vidalia onions except in conformity...

  15. 49 CFR 234.317 - Compliance dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GRADE CROSSING SAFETY, INCLUDING SIGNAL SYSTEMS, STATE ACTION PLANS, AND... at Highway-Rail and Pathway Grade Crossings § 234.317 Compliance dates. (a) Railroads without an...

  16. 24 CFR 41.5 - Achieving compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Assistant Secretary requires Departmental architectural and engineering examinations of drawings and specifications or other construction documents or requires Departmental architectural and engineering inspections... whenever a compliance review, report, complaint, or any other information indicates a possible failure...

  17. 40 CFR 63.1002 - Compliance assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Emission Standards for Equipment Leaks-Control Level 1 § 63.1002 Compliance assessment. (a) General... determination in the Federal Register. (7)(i) Manufacturers of equipment used to control equipment leaks of...

  18. 40 CFR 63.1002 - Compliance assessment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Emission Standards for Equipment Leaks-Control Level 1 § 63.1002 Compliance assessment. (a) General... determination in the Federal Register. (7)(i) Manufacturers of equipment used to control equipment leaks of...

  19. 40 CFR 264.96 - Compliance period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ....96 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL FACILITIES Releases From Solid Waste Management Units § 264.96 Compliance period. (a) The Regional Administrator...

  20. 43 CFR 34.9 - Compliance reporting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ALASKA NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM § 34.9 Compliance reporting. (a... thereunder, by contractual agreement, or by any other means authorized by law. (d) Information...

  1. 10 CFR 2.1012 - Compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Applicable to Proceedings for the Issuance of Licenses for the Receipt of High-Level Radioactive Waste at a... storage media in a format consistent with NRC regulations and guidance, or for non-compliance with...

  2. Exercise Compliance. A Data Documentation System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scherf, Joanne; Franklin, Barry A.

    1987-01-01

    The Cardiovascular Fitness and Rehabilitation Program of Sinai Hospital of Detroit implemented an exercise compliance data documentation system in 1984 which is used in its outpatient gymnasium cardiac fitness and rehabilitation program. This documentation system is described. (MT)

  3. 14 CFR 431.83 - Compliance monitoring.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... OF TRANSPORTATION LICENSING LAUNCH AND REENTRY OF A REUSABLE LAUNCH VEHICLE (RLV) Post-Licensing Requirements-Reusable Launch Vehicle Mission License Terms and Conditions § 431.83 Compliance monitoring....

  4. 14 CFR 431.83 - Compliance monitoring.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... OF TRANSPORTATION LICENSING LAUNCH AND REENTRY OF A REUSABLE LAUNCH VEHICLE (RLV) Post-Licensing Requirements-Reusable Launch Vehicle Mission License Terms and Conditions § 431.83 Compliance monitoring....

  5. 14 CFR 431.83 - Compliance monitoring.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... OF TRANSPORTATION LICENSING LAUNCH AND REENTRY OF A REUSABLE LAUNCH VEHICLE (RLV) Post-Licensing Requirements-Reusable Launch Vehicle Mission License Terms and Conditions § 431.83 Compliance monitoring....

  6. 14 CFR 431.83 - Compliance monitoring.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... OF TRANSPORTATION LICENSING LAUNCH AND REENTRY OF A REUSABLE LAUNCH VEHICLE (RLV) Post-Licensing Requirements-Reusable Launch Vehicle Mission License Terms and Conditions § 431.83 Compliance monitoring....

  7. 40 CFR 63.1351 - Compliance dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... compliance date for an existing source to meet the requirements of GCP for THC is December 20, 2007. (d) The..., 2006 to meet the THC emission limit of 20 ppmv/98 percent reduction or the mercury standard of 41...

  8. 40 CFR 63.1545 - Compliance dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Primary Lead Smelting § 63.1545 Compliance dates. (a... §§ 63.1543 and 63.1544 as promulgated in the June 4, 1999 NESHAP for Primary Lead Smelting. (d)...

  9. 40 CFR 63.546 - Compliance dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... subpart, codified in 40 CFR 63.541 through 40 CFR 63.550, that were in effect prior to the January 5, 2012... For Hazardous Air Pollutants From Secondary Lead Smelting § 63.546 Compliance dates. (a) For...

  10. 40 CFR 63.1545 - Compliance dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Primary Lead Smelting § 63.1545 Compliance dates. (a... §§ 63.1543 and 63.1544 as promulgated in the June 4, 1999 NESHAP for Primary Lead Smelting. (d)...

  11. 40 CFR 63.1545 - Compliance dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Primary Lead Smelting § 63.1545 Compliance dates. (a... §§ 63.1543 and 63.1544 as promulgated in the June 4, 1999 NESHAP for Primary Lead Smelting. (d)...

  12. Utah Compliance Implementation and Evaluation Guide

    SciTech Connect

    Cole, Pamala C.

    2012-08-30

    This Guide is designed to assist state and local code jurisdictions in achieving statewide compliance with the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) for residential buildings and ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2007 for commercial buildings.

  13. 43 CFR 34.9 - Compliance reporting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ALASKA NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM § 34.9 Compliance reporting. (a... thereunder, by contractual agreement, or by any other means authorized by law. (d) Information...

  14. 43 CFR 34.9 - Compliance reporting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ALASKA NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM § 34.9 Compliance reporting. (a... thereunder, by contractual agreement, or by any other means authorized by law. (d) Information...

  15. 40 CFR 264.96 - Compliance period.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ....96 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL FACILITIES Releases From Solid Waste Management Units § 264.96 Compliance period. (a) The Regional Administrator...

  16. 40 CFR 52.778 - Compliance schedules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... requirements of § 51.262(a) of this chapter are not met since the compliance schedules for sources of nitrogen oxides extend over a period of more than 18 months and periodic increments of progress are not...

  17. 40 CFR 52.778 - Compliance schedules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... requirements of § 51.262(a) of this chapter are not met since the compliance schedules for sources of nitrogen oxides extend over a period of more than 18 months and periodic increments of progress are not...

  18. 40 CFR 52.778 - Compliance schedules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... requirements of § 51.262(a) of this chapter are not met since the compliance schedules for sources of nitrogen oxides extend over a period of more than 18 months and periodic increments of progress are not...

  19. 24 CFR 965.307 - Compliance schedule.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT PHA-OWNED OR LEASED PROJECTS-GENERAL PROVISIONS Energy Audits and Energy Conservation Measures § 965.307 Compliance schedule. All energy conservation measures determined by energy audits to be...

  20. 24 CFR 965.307 - Compliance schedule.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT PHA-OWNED OR LEASED PROJECTS-GENERAL PROVISIONS Energy Audits and Energy Conservation Measures § 965.307 Compliance schedule. All energy conservation measures determined by energy audits to be...

  1. 40 CFR 63.10681 - What are my compliance dates?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 14 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What are my compliance dates? 63.10681... Facilities Applicability and Compliance Dates § 63.10681 What are my compliance dates? (a) Except as provided... up a new affected source on or before December 28, 2007, you must achieve compliance with...

  2. 40 CFR 63.11141 - What are my compliance dates?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 14 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What are my compliance dates? 63.11141... Area Sources Applicability and Compliance Dates § 63.11141 What are my compliance dates? (a) If you own... compliance with the applicable provisions in this subpart by the dates in paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of...

  3. 40 CFR 194.55 - Results of compliance assessments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... COMPLIANCE WITH THE 40 CFR PART 191 DISPOSAL REGULATIONS Compliance Certification and Re-certification Individual and Ground-Water Protection Requirements § 194.55 Results of compliance assessments. (a... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Results of compliance assessments....

  4. 40 CFR 60.145a - Compliance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... § 60.145a Compliance provisions. (a) When determining compliance with mass and visible emission limits... compliance testing for mass and visible emission standards, if an owner or operator elects to shut down one... purpose of determining compliance with visible and mass emission standards, a steel production...

  5. Adolescent Compliance with Dietary Guidelines: Health and Education Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Read, Marsha H.; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Surveyed 389 adolescents regarding their compliance with six U. S. Dietary Guidelines. Results indicated highest compliance on "eat a variety of foods" and "eat foods with adequate starch and fiber." Lowest compliance on "reduce sugar intake" and "reduce fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol intake." Females reported lower compliance to "maintain…

  6. 41 CFR 60-1.20 - Compliance evaluations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Compliance evaluations... Procedure § 60-1.20 Compliance evaluations. (a) OFCCP may conduct compliance evaluations to determine if the... compliance evaluation may consist of any one or any combination of the following investigative procedures:...

  7. 41 CFR 60-1.20 - Compliance evaluations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true Compliance evaluations... Procedure § 60-1.20 Compliance evaluations. (a) OFCCP may conduct compliance evaluations to determine if the... compliance evaluation may consist of any one or any combination of the following investigative procedures:...

  8. 33 CFR 89.9 - Certificate of Alternative Compliance: Contents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Compliance: Contents. 89.9 Section 89.9 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... Compliance § 89.9 Certificate of Alternative Compliance: Contents. The Chief of the Marine Safety Division issues the Certificate of Alternative Compliance to the vessel based on a determination that it...

  9. 33 CFR 89.9 - Certificate of Alternative Compliance: Contents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Compliance: Contents. 89.9 Section 89.9 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... Compliance § 89.9 Certificate of Alternative Compliance: Contents. The Chief of the Marine Safety Division issues the Certificate of Alternative Compliance to the vessel based on a determination that it...

  10. Electronic Compliance and Approval Project (ECAP)

    SciTech Connect

    Morgan, Hope; Varela, Richard A.; LaHood, Deborah; Cisco, Susan; Benavides, Mary Ann; Burks, Donna

    2002-03-20

    The Texas Railroad Commission (RRC), working in partnership with the United States Department of Energy and the oil and gas industry it regulates, implemented a strategy for improving efficiency in regulations and significantly reducing administrative operating costs through the Electronic Compliance and Approval Process (ECAP). This project streamlined regulatory compliance and reporting by providing the ability to electronically submit, process, and query oil and gas applications and reports through the Internet-based ECAP system.

  11. [Compliance to treatment of adolescents with cancer].

    PubMed

    White-Koning, Mélanie; Bertozzi-Salamon, Anne-Isabelle; Vignes, Michel; Arnaud, Catherine

    2007-04-01

    Compliance is a very important issue in medicine for three major reasons. Non-compliance has a considerable financial cost for health care systems. Adherence to treatment is the main link between intention to treat and the desired health outcome. Finally, the influence of non-compliance on the conclusions of clinical research trials can have severe consequences. Despite the importance of these issues, our literature review found very few recent studies concerning the compliance of adolescents with cancer. Non-compliance has many causes. The relationship between patient and health care team, the organisational aspects of care and the youth's perception of his/her illness and its treatment all significantly affect adolescents'compliance. The influence of the treatment on young people's lifestyles as well as the physical transformations induced by the treatment are also important factors, due to adolescents desire to conform to their peer group. Family relationships also play a significant part in adolescents'therapeutic adherence. Since the end of the 1990s, research on adherence has focused more on the importance of the doctor-teenager relationship and the strong influence of the patients'perception concerning health in general and his/her illness in particular. Negotiation is an essential component of a successful treatment in teenagers due to their increasing desire for autonomy. Despite numerous recommendations international research has not succeeded in using standardised terms concerning compliance to treatment regimens or come to an agreement on valid assessment methods. Longitudinal studies should be carried out in order to determine causal links between factors and compliance in a methodologically correct manner. Research should be quantitative but must also include the conceptual elements which have been put forward by qualitative research, namely the importance of teenagers'point of view concerning their treatment.

  12. Design Compliance Matrices to ANSI and OSHA

    SciTech Connect

    BENDIXSEN, R.B.

    2000-04-03

    U.S. Department of Energy Letter 98-SFD-028 requested Fluor Daniel Hanford, Inc. to provide clarifications as to compliance with ANSI 57.1, 57.2, 57.9, and 29 CFR 1910.179 (OSHA), in the form of an item-by-item compliance matrix, for the CSB. This Supporting Document contains Fluor Daniel, Inc.'s response for use by Fluor Daniel Hanford, Inc. regarding the clarifications requested by the U.S. Department of Energy.

  13. Performance-enhancing supplements.

    PubMed

    Pecci, M A; Lombardo, J A

    2000-11-01

    Supplements that are marketed as ergogenic aids have achieved widespread use in the United States. In image-conscious society, these agents are not only being consumed by athletes, but also by those looking for a quick fix to enhance their appearance. Many assume that the performance claims made by the manufacturers are based on actual data, and that these agents must be safe because they are sold to the general public. Unfortunately, in most cases these assumptions are false. Creatine has become very popular, particularly among college and high school athletes. Studies within the last 5 years have shown that creatine does seem to have certain ergogenic benefits in a laboratory setting. It is not currently known whether these benefits actually can be transferred to the playing field. Although creatine has not consistently been shown to cause any major side effects, there is some question regarding creatine's effect on the kidneys, particularly with long-term use. Also, the safety of supplementation in children and adolescents has not been examined at all; its use in this population should be discouraged until there are more data. Androstenedione is an agent that has received a large amount of popular press in the last year, and this has led to an surge in its usage. It is believed to exert its ergogenic effects through conversion to testosterone. But what limited data are available suggest that at the recommended dosage, it does not cause any measurable change in testosterone levels, or provide any ergogenic benefit in inexperienced weight lifters. Also, it has yet to be determined whether androstenedione causes any of the side effects often attributed to use of the illegal anabolic steroids. Its mechanism of action suggests it has the potential to cause many of these negative effects. Studies are just beginning to appear in the literature, and certainly more data need to be gathered before androstenedione supplementation can be recommended for use as an ergogenic

  14. Third-party biller compliance guidance emphasizes risk awareness.

    PubMed

    Saner, R J

    1999-03-01

    The voluntary compliance guidance for third-party billing companies released by the HHS Office of Inspector General (OIG) in December 1998, like the OIG's previously released guidance directed at hospitals, home health agencies, and clinical laboratories, identifies seven minimum elements for an effective corporate compliance program: written compliance policies, designation of a compliance officer, ongoing training, open lines of communication, guidelines to ensure the enforcement of compliance standards, internal monitoring and auditing of compliance activity, and procedures to respond to and correct errors. Three areas of concern for third-party billing companies are emphasized in the new guidance document: compliance risk, claims documentation, and disclosure of suspected misconduct or fraud.

  15. A Multidisciplinary Approach to Improving SCIP Compliance.

    PubMed

    Huntington, Ciara R; Strayer, Melissa; Huynh, Toan; Green, John M

    2015-07-01

    The Surgical Care Improvement Project (SCIP) is a national program aimed at reducing perioperative complications and is a quality benchmark metric for Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. This study evaluates whether a multidisciplinary program improved an institution's compliance with SCIP measures. Analysis of the facility's performance data identified three key areas of SCIP noncompliance: 1) timely discontinuation of perioperative antibiotics and urinary catheters, 2) initiation of venous thromboembolism prophylaxis, and 3) perioperative beta blocker administration. Multidisciplinary teams collaborated with providers and department chairs in reviewing and enable SCIP compliance. Anesthesia staff managed preoperative antibiotics. SCIP-compliant order sets, venous thromboembolism pop-up alerts, and progress note templates were added to the electronic medical record. Standardized education was provided to explain SCIP requirements, review noncompliant cases, and update teams on SCIP performance. Data were captured from January 2009 to March 2014. Ten SCIP fallouts were reported for general surgery specialties in January 2013, when the SCIP compliance project launched. Specifically, colon-related surgery achieved 100 per cent compliance. Six months after implementation, overall SCIP compliance at our institution improved by 65 per cent (from 90.7-98.6% compliance). PMID:26140888

  16. Photoacoustic tomography of vascular compliance in humans.

    PubMed

    Hai, Pengfei; Zhou, Yong; Liang, Jinyang; Li, Chiye; Wang, Lihong V

    2015-01-01

    Characterization of blood vessel elastic properties can help in detecting thrombosis and preventing life-threatening conditions such as acute myocardial infarction or stroke. Vascular elastic photoacoustic tomography (VE-PAT) is proposed to measure blood vessel compliance in humans. Implemented on a linear-array-based photoacoustic computed tomography system, VE-PAT can quantify blood vessel compliance changes due to simulated thrombosis and occlusion. The feasibility of the VE-PAT system was first demonstrated by measuring the strains under uniaxial loading in perfused blood vessel phantoms and quantifying their compliance changes due to the simulated thrombosis. The VE-PAT system detected a decrease in the compliances of blood vessel phantoms with simulated thrombosis, which was validated by a standard compression test. The VE-PAT system was then applied to assess blood vessel compliance in a human subject. Experimental results showed a decrease in compliance when an occlusion occurred downstream from the measurement point in the blood vessels, demonstrating VE-PAT’s potential for clinical thrombosis detection.

  17. Photoacoustic tomography of vascular compliance in humans

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hai, Pengfei; Zhou, Yong; Liang, Jinyang; Li, Chiye; Wang, Lihong V.

    2015-12-01

    Characterization of blood vessel elastic properties can help in detecting thrombosis and preventing life-threatening conditions such as acute myocardial infarction or stroke. Vascular elastic photoacoustic tomography (VE-PAT) is proposed to measure blood vessel compliance in humans. Implemented on a linear-array-based photoacoustic computed tomography system, VE-PAT can quantify blood vessel compliance changes due to simulated thrombosis and occlusion. The feasibility of the VE-PAT system was first demonstrated by measuring the strains under uniaxial loading in perfused blood vessel phantoms and quantifying their compliance changes due to the simulated thrombosis. The VE-PAT system detected a decrease in the compliances of blood vessel phantoms with simulated thrombosis, which was validated by a standard compression test. The VE-PAT system was then applied to assess blood vessel compliance in a human subject. Experimental results showed a decrease in compliance when an occlusion occurred downstream from the measurement point in the blood vessels, demonstrating VE-PAT's potential for clinical thrombosis detection.

  18. A Multidisciplinary Approach to Improving SCIP Compliance.

    PubMed

    Huntington, Ciara R; Strayer, Melissa; Huynh, Toan; Green, John M

    2015-07-01

    The Surgical Care Improvement Project (SCIP) is a national program aimed at reducing perioperative complications and is a quality benchmark metric for Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. This study evaluates whether a multidisciplinary program improved an institution's compliance with SCIP measures. Analysis of the facility's performance data identified three key areas of SCIP noncompliance: 1) timely discontinuation of perioperative antibiotics and urinary catheters, 2) initiation of venous thromboembolism prophylaxis, and 3) perioperative beta blocker administration. Multidisciplinary teams collaborated with providers and department chairs in reviewing and enable SCIP compliance. Anesthesia staff managed preoperative antibiotics. SCIP-compliant order sets, venous thromboembolism pop-up alerts, and progress note templates were added to the electronic medical record. Standardized education was provided to explain SCIP requirements, review noncompliant cases, and update teams on SCIP performance. Data were captured from January 2009 to March 2014. Ten SCIP fallouts were reported for general surgery specialties in January 2013, when the SCIP compliance project launched. Specifically, colon-related surgery achieved 100 per cent compliance. Six months after implementation, overall SCIP compliance at our institution improved by 65 per cent (from 90.7-98.6% compliance).

  19. MICROBIOLOGICAL QUALITY OF FOOD SUPPLEMENTS.

    PubMed

    Ratajczak, Magdalena; Kubicka, Marcelina M; Kamińska, Dorota; Długaszewska, Jolanta

    2015-01-01

    Many specialists note that the food offered today - as a result of very complex technological processing - is devoid of many components that are important for the organism and the shortages have to be supplemented. The simplest for it is to consume diet supplements that provide the missing element in a concentrated form. In accordance with the applicable law, medicinal products include all substances or mixtures of substances that are attributed with properties of preventing or treating diseases with humans or animals. Permits to admit supplements to the market are issued by the Chief Sanitary Inspector and the related authorities; permits for medicines are issued by the Chief Pharmaceutical Inspector and the Office for Registration of Medicinal Products, Medical Devices and Biocidal Products. Therefore, admittance of a supplement to the market is less costly and time consuming_than admittance of a medicine. Supplements and medicines may contain the same component but medicines will have a larger concentration than supplements. Sale of supplements at drug stores and in the form of tablets, capsules, liquids or powders makes consumer often confusing supplements with medicines. Now there are no normative documents specifying limits of microbiological impurities in diet supplements. In Polish legislation, diet supplements are subject to legal acts concerning food. Medicines have to comply with microbiological purity requirements specified in the Polish Pharmacopeia. As evidenced with the completed tests, the proportion of diet supplement samples with microbiological impurities is 6.5%. Sales of diet supplements have been growing each year, they are consumed by healthy people but also people with immunology deficiencies and by children and therefore consumers must be certain that they buy safe products. PMID:26642690

  20. Dietary supplements for aquatic sports.

    PubMed

    Derave, Wim; Tipton, Kevin D

    2014-08-01

    Many athletes use dietary supplements, with use more prevalent among those competing at the highest level. Supplements are often self-prescribed, and their use is likely to be based on an inadequate understanding of the issues at stake. Supplementation with essential micronutrients may be useful when a diagnosed deficiency cannot be promptly and effectively corrected with food-based dietary solutions. When used in high doses, some supplements may do more harm than good: Iron supplementation, for example, is potentially harmful. There is good evidence from laboratory studies and some evidence from field studies to support health or performance benefits from appropriate use of a few supplements. The available evidence from studies of aquatic sports is small and is often contradictory. Evidence from elite performers is almost entirely absent, but some athletes may benefit from informed use of creatine, caffeine, and buffering agents. Poor quality assurance in some parts of the dietary supplements industry raises concerns about the safety of some products. Some do not contain the active ingredients listed on the label, and some contain toxic substances, including prescription drugs, that can cause health problems. Some supplements contain compounds that will cause an athlete to fail a doping test. Supplement quality assurance programs can reduce, but not entirely eliminate, this risk.