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Sample records for a-type antiferromagnetic phase

  1. Antiferromagnetic phase of the gapless semiconductor V3Al

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jamer, M. E.; Assaf, B. A.; Sterbinsky, G. E.; Arena, D.; Lewis, L. H.; Saúl, A. A.; Radtke, G.; Heiman, D.

    2015-03-01

    Discovering new antiferromagnetic (AF) compounds is at the forefront of developing future spintronic devices without fringing magnetic fields. The AF gapless semiconducting D 03 phase of V3Al was successfully synthesized via arc-melting and annealing. The AF properties were established through synchrotron measurements of the atom-specific magnetic moments, where the magnetic dichroism reveals large and oppositely oriented moments on individual V atoms. Density functional theory calculations confirmed the stability of a type G antiferromagnetism involving only two-thirds of the V atoms, while the remaining V atoms are nonmagnetic. Magnetization, x-ray diffraction, and transport measurements also support the antiferromagnetism. This archetypal gapless semiconductor may be considered as a cornerstone for future spintronic devices containing AF elements.

  2. Observation of magnetic phase segregation in an antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Neumeier, J. J.; Cohn, J. L.

    2000-03-01

    Magnetic phase segregation in an antiferromagnet is investigated through electron doping of CaMnO3 and magnetization measurements which reveal G-type antiferromagnetism, local ferrimagnetism, local ferromagnetism, and C-type antiferromagnetism; up to three of these phases coexist at any one doped-electron concentration. The magnetic properties are strongly correlated with the electron mobility. These results confirm that the addition of electrons to an antiferromagnet can promote phase segregation. Work at the University of Miami was supported by NSF Grant No. DMR-9631236.

  3. Antiferromagnetism and phase diagram in ammoniated alkali fulleride salts

    PubMed

    Takenobu; Muro; Iwasa; Mitani

    2000-07-10

    Intercalation of neutral ammonia molecules into trivalent face-centered-cubic (fcc) fulleride superconductors induces a dramatic change in electronic states. Monoammoniated alkali fulleride salts (NH3)K3-xRbxC60, forming an isostructural orthorhombic series, undergo an antiferromagnetic transition, which was found by the electron spin resonance experiment. The Neel temperature first increases with the interfullerene spacing and then decreases for (NH3)Rb3C60, forming a maximum at 76 K. This feature is explained by the generalized phase diagram of Mott-Hubbard transition with an antiferromagnetic ground state.

  4. Canted antiferromagnetism in phase-pure CuMnSb

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Regnat, A.; Bauer, A.; Senyshyn, A.; Meven, M.; Hradil, K.; Jorba, P.; Nemkovski, K.; Pedersen, B.; Georgii, R.; Gottlieb-Schönmeyer, S.; Pfleiderer, C.

    2018-05-01

    We report the low-temperature properties of phase-pure single crystals of the half-Heusler compound CuMnSb grown by means of optical float zoning. The magnetization, specific heat, electrical resistivity, and Hall effect of our single crystals exhibit an antiferromagnetic transition at TN=55 K and a second anomaly at a temperature T*≈34 K. Powder and single-crystal neutron diffraction establish an ordered magnetic moment of (3.9 ±0.1 ) μB/f .u . , consistent with the effective moment inferred from the Curie-Weiss dependence of the susceptibility. Below TN, the Mn sublattice displays commensurate type-II antiferromagnetic order with propagation vectors and magnetic moments along <111 > (magnetic space group R [I ]3 c ). Surprisingly, below T*, the moments tilt away from <111 > by a finite angle δ ≈11∘ , forming a canted antiferromagnetic structure without uniform magnetization consistent with magnetic space group C [B ]c . Our results establish that type-II antiferromagnetism is not the zero-temperature magnetic ground state of CuMnSb as may be expected of the face-centered cubic Mn sublattice.

  5. Overlap of two topological phases in the antiferromagnetic Potts model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Ran; Ding, Chengxiang; Deng, Youjin

    2018-05-01

    By controlling the vortex core energy, the three-state ferromagnetic Potts model can exhibit two types of topological paradigms, including the quasi-long-range ordered phase and the vortex lattice phase [Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 097206 (2016), 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.097206]. Here, using Monte Carlo simulations using an efficient worm algorithm, we show that by controlling the vortex core energy, the antiferromagnetic Potts model can also exhibit the two topological phases, and, more interestingly, the two topological phases can overlap with each other.

  6. Quantum phase transition between cluster and antiferromagnetic states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Son, W.; Amico, L.; Fazio, R.; Hamma, A.; Pascazio, S.; Vedral, V.

    2011-09-01

    We study a Hamiltonian system describing a three-spin-1/2 cluster-like interaction competing with an Ising-like exchange. We show that the ground state in the cluster phase possesses symmetry protected topological order. A continuous quantum phase transition occurs as result of the competition between the cluster and Ising terms. At the critical point the Hamiltonian is self-dual. The geometric entanglement is also studied and used to investigate the quantum phase transition. Our findings in one dimension corroborate the analysis of the two-dimensional generalization of the system, indicating, at a mean-field level, the presence of a direct transition between an antiferromagnetic and a valence bond solid ground state.

  7. Voltage Control of Antiferromagnetic Phases at Near-Terahertz Frequencies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barra, Anthony; Domann, John; Kim, Ki Wook; Carman, Greg

    2018-03-01

    A method to control antiferromagnetism using voltage-induced strain is proposed and theoretically examined. Voltage-induced magnetoelastic anisotropy is shown to provide sufficient torque to switch an antiferromagnetic domain 90° either from out of plane to in plane or between in-plane axes. Numerical results indicate that strain-mediated antiferromagnetic switching can occur in an 80-nm nanopatterned disk at frequencies approaching 1 THz but that the switching speed heavily depends on the system's mechanical design. Furthermore, the energy cost to induce magnetic switching is only 450 aJ, indicating that magnetoelastic control of antiferromagnetism is substantially more energy efficient than other approaches.

  8. Phase diagram of the triangular-lattice Potts antiferromagnet

    DOE PAGES

    Jacobsen, Jesper Lykke; Salas, Jesus; Scullard, Christian R.

    2017-07-28

    Here, we study the phase diagram of the triangular-lattice Q-state Potts model in the realmore » $(Q, v)$ -plane, where $$v={\\rm e}^J-1$$ is the temperature variable. Our first goal is to provide an obviously missing feature of this diagram: the position of the antiferromagnetic critical curve. This curve turns out to possess a bifurcation point with two branches emerging from it, entailing important consequences for the global phase diagram. We have obtained accurate numerical estimates for the position of this curve by combining the transfer-matrix approach for strip graphs with toroidal boundary conditions and the recent method of critical polynomials. The second goal of this work is to study the corresponding $$A_{p-1}$$ RSOS model on the torus, for integer $$p=4, 5, \\ldots, 8$$ . We clarify its relation to the corresponding Potts model, in particular concerning the role of boundary conditions. For certain values of p, we identify several new critical points and regimes for the RSOS model and we initiate the study of the flows between the corresponding field theories.« less

  9. Magnonic quantum spin Hall state in the zigzag and stripe phases of the antiferromagnetic honeycomb lattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Ki Hoon; Chung, Suk Bum; Park, Kisoo; Park, Je-Geun

    2018-05-01

    We investigated the topological property of magnon bands in the collinear magnetic orders of zigzag and stripe phases for the antiferromagnetic honeycomb lattice and identified Berry curvature and symmetry constraints on the magnon band structure. Different symmetries of both zigzag and stripe phases lead to different topological properties, in particular, the magnon bands of the stripe phase being disentangled with a finite Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) term with nonzero spin Chern number. This is corroborated by calculating the spin Nernst effect. Our study establishes the existence of a nontrivial magnon band topology for all observed collinear antiferromagnetic honeycomb lattices in the presence of the DM term.

  10. Anomalous Z2 antiferromagnetic topological phase in pressurized SmB6

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chang, Kai-Wei; Chen, Peng-Jen

    2018-05-01

    Antiferromagnetic materials, whose time-reversal symmetry is broken, can be classified into the Z2 topology if they respect some specific symmetry. Since the theoretical proposal, however, no materials have been found to host such Z2 antiferromagnetic topological (Z2-AFT ) phase to date. Here we demonstrate that the topological Kondo insulator SmB6 can be a Z2-AFT system when pressurized to undergo an antiferromagnetic phase transition. In addition to proposing the possible candidate for a Z2-AFT material, in this work we also illustrate the anomalous topological surface states of the Z2-AFT phase which have not been discussed before. Originating from the interplay between the topological properties and the antiferromagnetic surface magnetization, the topological surface states of the Z2-AFT phase behave differently as compared with those of a topological insulator. Besides, the Z2-AFT insulators are also found promising in the generation of tunable spin currents, which is an important application in spintronics.

  11. Spin Structures and Phase Diagrams of Extended Spatially Completely Anisotropic Triangular Lattice Antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sakakida, Keishiro; Shimahara, Hiroshi

    2017-12-01

    Motivated by recently discovered organic antiferromagnets, we examine an extended triangular lattice that consists of two types of triangles of bonds with exchange coupling constants Jℓ and J'ℓ (ℓ= 1, 2, and 3), respectively. The simplified system with Jℓ = J'ℓ > 0 is the spatially completely anisotropic triangular lattice (SCATL) antiferromagnet examined previously. The extended system, which we call an extended SCATL (ESCATL), has two different spatial anisotropy parameters J3/J2 and J'3/J'2 when J1 = J'1 is assumed. We derive classical phase diagrams and spin structures. It is found that the ESCATL antiferromagnet exhibits two up-up-down-down (uudd) phases when the imbalance of the anisotropy parameters is significant, in addition to the three Néel phases that occur in the SCATL. When the model parameters vary, these collinear phases are continuously connected by the spiral-spin phase. Using the available model parameters for the organic compounds λ-(BETS)2XCl4 (X = Fe and Ga), we examine the stabilities of the spin structures of the independent π-electron system, which is considered to primarily sustain the magnetic order, where BETS represents bis(ethylenedithio)tetraselenafulvalene. It is found that one of the uudd phases has an energy close to the ground-state energy for λ-(BETS)2FeCl4. We discuss the relevance of the magnetic anion FeCl4 and the quantum fluctuation to the magnetism of these compounds. When J'3 = 0, the system is reduced to a trellis lattice antiferromagnet. The system exhibits a stripe spiral-spin phase, which comprises one-dimensional spiral-spin states stacked alternately.

  12. Origin of in-plane anisotropic resistivity in the antiferromagnetic phase of Fe1 +xTe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaneshita, Eiji; Tohyama, Takami

    2016-07-01

    Motivated by a recent experimental report on in-plane anisotropic resistivity in the double-striped antiferromagnetic phase of FeTe, we theoretically calculate in-plane resistivity by applying a memory function approach to the ordered phase. We find that the resistivity is larger along an antiferromagnetically ordered direction than along a ferromagnetically ordered one, consistent with experimental observation. The anisotropic results are mainly contributed from Drude weight, whose behavior is attributed to Fermi surface topology of the ordered phase.

  13. Spin-Hall effect and emergent antiferromagnetic phase transition in n-Si

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lou, Paul C.; Kumar, Sandeep

    2018-04-01

    Spin current experiences minimal dephasing and scattering in Si due to small spin-orbit coupling and spin-lattice interactions is the primary source of spin relaxation. We hypothesize that if the specimen dimension is of the same order as the spin diffusion length then spin polarization will lead to non-equilibrium spin accumulation and emergent phase transition. In n-Si, spin diffusion length has been reported up to 6 μm. The spin accumulation in Si will modify the thermal transport behavior of Si, which can be detected with thermal characterization. In this study, we report observation of spin-Hall effect and emergent antiferromagnetic phase transition behavior using magneto-electro-thermal transport characterization. The freestanding Pd (1 nm)/Ni80Fe20 (75 nm)/MgO (1 nm)/n-Si (2 μm) thin film specimen exhibits a magnetic field dependent thermal transport and spin-Hall magnetoresistance behavior attributed to Rashba effect. An emergent phase transition is discovered using self-heating 3ω method, which shows a diverging behavior at 270 K as a function of temperature similar to a second order phase transition. We propose that spin-Hall effect leads to the spin accumulation and resulting emergent antiferromagnetic phase transition. We propose that the length scale for Rashba effect can be equal to the spin diffusion length and two-dimensional electron gas is not essential for it. The emergent antiferromagnetic phase transition is attributed to the site inversion asymmetry in diamond cubic Si lattice.

  14. Two-dimensional topological superconducting phases emerged from d-wave superconductors in proximity to antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Guo-Yi; Wang, Ziqiang; Zhang, Guang-Ming

    2017-05-01

    Motivated by the recent observations of nodeless superconductivity in the monolayer CuO2 grown on the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ substrates, we study the two-dimensional superconducting (SC) phases described by the two-dimensional t\\text-J model in proximity to an antiferromagnetic (AF) insulator. We found that i) the nodal d-wave SC state can be driven via a continuous transition into a nodeless d-wave pairing state by the proximity-induced AF field. ii) The energetically favorable pairing states in the strong field regime have extended s-wave symmetry and can be nodal or nodeless. iii) Between the pure d-wave and s-wave paired phases, there emerge two topologically distinct SC phases with (s+\\text{i}d) symmetry, i.e., the weak and strong pairing phases, and the weak pairing phase is found to be a Z 2 topological superconductor protected by valley symmetry, exhibiting robust gapless nonchiral edge modes. These findings strongly suggest that the high-T c superconductors in proximity to antiferromagnets can realize fully gapped symmetry-protected topological SC.

  15. Phase Diagram in a Random Mixture of Two Antiferromagnets with Competing Spin Anisotropies. I

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Someya, Yoshiko

    1981-12-01

    The phase diagram of a random mixture of two antiferromagnets with competing spin anisotropies (A1-xBx) has been analyzed by extending the theory of Matsubara and Inawashiro, and Oguchi and Ishikawa. In the model assumed, the anisotropy energies are expressed by the anisotropic exchange interactions. According to this formulation, it has been shown that the concentration dependence of TN becomes a function of \\includegraphics{dummy.eps}, where P, Q=A, B; SP is a magnitude of P-spin, and JPQη is a η component of exchange integral between P- and Q-spin). Further, the phase boundary between an AF phase and an OAF (oblique antiferromagnetic) phase at T{=}0 K has been shown to be determined by α({\\equiv}SB/SA), if \\includegraphics{dummy.eps} are given. The obtained phase diagrams for Fe1-xCoxCl2, K2Mn1-xFexF4 and Fe1-xCoxCl2\\cdot2H2O are compared with the experimental ones.

  16. Fermi surface reconstruction and multiple quantum phase transitions in the antiferromagnet CeRhIn5

    PubMed Central

    Jiao, Lin; Chen, Ye; Kohama, Yoshimitsu; Graf, David; Bauer, E. D.; Singleton, John; Zhu, Jian-Xin; Weng, Zongfa; Pang, Guiming; Shang, Tian; Zhang, Jinglei; Lee, Han-Oh; Park, Tuson; Jaime, Marcelo; Thompson, J. D.; Steglich, Frank; Si, Qimiao; Yuan, H. Q.

    2015-01-01

    Conventional, thermally driven continuous phase transitions are described by universal critical behavior that is independent of the specific microscopic details of a material. However, many current studies focus on materials that exhibit quantum-driven continuous phase transitions (quantum critical points, or QCPs) at absolute zero temperature. The classification of such QCPs and the question of whether they show universal behavior remain open issues. Here we report measurements of heat capacity and de Haas–van Alphen (dHvA) oscillations at low temperatures across a field-induced antiferromagnetic QCP (Bc0 ≈ 50 T) in the heavy-fermion metal CeRhIn5. A sharp, magnetic-field-induced change in Fermi surface is detected both in the dHvA effect and Hall resistivity at B0* ≈ 30 T, well inside the antiferromagnetic phase. Comparisons with band-structure calculations and properties of isostructural CeCoIn5 suggest that the Fermi-surface change at B0* is associated with a localized-to-itinerant transition of the Ce-4f electrons in CeRhIn5. Taken in conjunction with pressure experiments, our results demonstrate that at least two distinct classes of QCP are observable in CeRhIn5, a significant step toward the derivation of a universal phase diagram for QCPs. PMID:25561536

  17. Pressure-induced quantum phase transition in the quantum antiferromagnet CsFeCl3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hayashida, Shohei; Zaharko, Oksana; Kurita, Nobuyuki; Tanaka, Hidekazu; Hagihala, Masato; Soda, Minoru; Itoh, Shinichi; Uwatoko, Yoshiya; Masuda, Takatsugu

    2018-04-01

    We have studied the pressure-induced quantum phase transition in the singlet-ground-state antiferromagnet CsFeCl3. Neutron diffraction experiments under pressure evidence the magnetic long-range order at low temperatures. Magnetic structure analysis reveals a 120∘ structure with a propagation vector of kmag=(1 /3 ,1 /3 ,0 ) . The estimated critical exponent of the order parameter suggests that CsFeCl3 belongs to the universality class of U (1 ) ×Z2 symmetry which is expected to realize the chiral liquid state.

  18. Phase Diagram of a Three-Dimensional Antiferromagnet with Random Magnetic Anisotropy

    DOE PAGES

    Perez, Felio A.; Borisov, Pavel; Johnson, Trent A.; ...

    2015-03-04

    Three-dimensional (3D) antiferromagnets with random magnetic anisotropy (RMA) that were experimentally studied to date have competing two-dimensional and three-dimensional exchange interactions which can obscure the authentic effects of RMA. The magnetic phase diagram of Fe xNi 1-xF 2 epitaxial thin films with true random single-ion anisotropy was deduced from magnetometry and neutron scattering measurements and analyzed using mean field theory. Regions with uniaxial, oblique and easy plane anisotropies were identified. A RMA-induced glass region was discovered where a Griffiths-like breakdown of long-range spin order occurs.

  19. Partially Disordered Phase in Frustrated Triangular Lattice Antiferromagnet CuFeO 2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mitsuda, Setsuo; Kasahara, Noriaki; Uno, Takahiro; Mase, Motoshi

    1998-12-01

    We reinvestigated successive magnetic phase transitions (T N1˜14.0 K, T N2˜10.5 K) in a frustrated triangular lattice antiferromagnet (TLA) CuFeO2 by neutron diffraction measurements using single crystals. The magnetic structure of the intermediate-temperature phase between T N1 and T N2 is found to be a quasi-long range ordered sinusoidally amplitude-modulated structure with a temperature dependent propagation wave vector (q q 0). These features of successive phase transitions are well explained by reinvestigated Monte-Carlo simulation of a 2D Ising TLA with competing exchange interactions up to 3rd neighbors, in spite of the Heisenberg spin character of orbital singlet Fe3+ magnetic ions.

  20. Critical space-time networks and geometric phase transitions from frustrated edge antiferromagnetism

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trugenberger, Carlo A.

    2015-12-01

    Recently I proposed a simple dynamical network model for discrete space-time that self-organizes as a graph with Hausdorff dimension dH=4 . The model has a geometric quantum phase transition with disorder parameter (dH-ds) , where ds is the spectral dimension of the dynamical graph. Self-organization in this network model is based on a competition between a ferromagnetic Ising model for vertices and an antiferromagnetic Ising model for edges. In this paper I solve a toy version of this model defined on a bipartite graph in the mean-field approximation. I show that the geometric phase transition corresponds exactly to the antiferromagnetic transition for edges, the dimensional disorder parameter of the former being mapped to the staggered magnetization order parameter of the latter. The model has a critical point with long-range correlations between edges, where a continuum random geometry can be defined, exactly as in Kazakov's famed 2D random lattice Ising model but now in any number of dimensions.

  1. Design of Co/Pd multilayer system with antiferromagnetic-to-ferromagnetic phase transition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thiele, Jan-Ulrich

    2009-03-01

    Among the known magnetic material systems there are only very few examples of materials that undergo a temperature dependent antiferromagnetic-to-ferromagnetic phase transition, and of these only the chemically ordered alloy FeRh exhibits this transition near room temperature [1, 2]. Here we present a perpendicular anisotropy multilayer structure that mimics FeRh. The basic idea is to use two stacks of Co/Pd multilayers with large perpendicular magnetic anisotropy and high Curie temperature, TC, separated by a layer providing antiferromagnetic coupling, and a CoNi/Pd multilayer with perpendicular anisotropy with a lower TC, interlayer, in the range of the desired AF-FM transition temperature, TAF-FM. At room temperature this system behaves as two antiferromagnetically coupled layers with a low perpendicular remanent magnetic moment. As the temperature is raised to approach TC, interlayer the magnetization of the interlayer is gradually reduced to zero, and consequently its coupling strength is reduced. Eventually, the effective coupling between the two high-KU, high-TC layers becomes dominated by their dipolar fields, resulting in a parallel alignment of their moments and a net remanent magnetic moment equal to the sum of the moments of the two high-TC layers [2]. [4pt] [1] J. S. Kouvel and C. C. Hartelius, J. Appl. Phys. 33 (1962) p1343 [0pt] [2] J.-U. Thiele, E. E. Fullerton, S. Maat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82 (2003) p2859 [0pt] [3] J.-U. Thiele. T. Hauet. O. Hellwig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92 (2008) 242502.

  2. Antiferromagnetic-ferromagnetic crossover in UO 2-TiO x multi-phase systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nakamura, Akio; Tsutsui, Satoshi; Yoshii, Kenji

    2001-05-01

    An antiferromagnetic (AF)-weakly ferromagnetic (WF) crossover has been found for UO 2-TiO x multi-phase systems, (1- y)UO 2+ yTiO x ( y=0.05-0.72, x=0, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0), when these mixtures are heat treated at high temperature in vacuum. From the powder X-ray diffraction and electron-microprobe analyses, their phase assemblies were as follows: for x=0, 1.0 and 1.5, a heterogeneous two-phase mixture of UO 2+TiO x; for x=2.0, that of UO 2+UTi 2O 6 for y<0.67, showing characteristic microstructures, and for y>0.67 that of UTi 2O 6+TiO 2 (plus residual minor UO 2). Magnetic susceptibility ( χ) of the present UO 2 powder was confirmed to exhibit an antiferromagnetic sharp drop at TN (=30.5 K). In contrast, χ of these multi-phase systems was found to exhibit a sharp upturn at the respective TN, while their TN values remained almost constant with varying y. This χ upturn at TN is most pronounced for UO 2+Ti-oxide (titania) systems ( x=1.0, 1.5 and 2.0) over the wide mixture ratio above y˜0.10. These observations indicate that an AF-WF crossover is induced for these multi-phase systems, plausibly due to the interfacial magnetic modification of UO 2 in contact with the oxide partners.

  3. Physical properties of antiferromagnetic Mn doped ZnO samples: Role of impurity phase

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Neogi, S. K.; Karmakar, R.; Misra, A. K.; Banerjee, A.; Das, D.; Bandyopadhyay, S.

    2013-11-01

    Structural, morphological, optical, and magnetic properties of nanocrystalline Zn1-xMnxO samples (x=0.01, 0.02, 0.04, 0.06, 0.08 and 0.10) prepared by the sol-gel route are studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UV-visible absorption spectroscopy, Superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometry and positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (PALS). XRD confirms formation of wurzite structure in all the Mn-substituted samples. A systematic increase in lattice constants and decrease in grain size have been observed with increase in manganese doping concentration up to 6 at% in the ZnO structure. An impurity phase (ZnMnO3) has been detected when percentage of Mn concentration is 6 at% or higher. The optical band gap of the Mn-substituted ZnO samples decrease with increase in doping concentration of manganese whereas the width of the localized states increases. The antiferromagnetic exchange interaction is strong in the samples for 2 and 4 at% of Mn doping but it reduces when the doping level increases from 6 at% and further. Positron life time components τ1 and τ2 are found to decrease when concentration of the dopant exceeds 6 at%. The changes in magnetic properties as well as positron annihilation parameters at higher manganese concentration have been assigned as due to the formation of impurity phase. Single phase structure has been observed up to 6 at% of Mn doping. Impurity phase has been developed above 6 at% of Mn doping. Antiferromagnetic and paramagnetic interactions are present in the samples. Defect parameters show sharp fall as Mn concentration above 6 at%. The magnetic and defect properties are modified by the formation of impurity phase.

  4. Gapped excitations in the high-pressure antiferromagnetic phase of URu2Si2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Williams, T. J.; Barath, H.; Yamani, Z.; Rodriguez-Riviera, J. A.; Leão, J. B.; Garrett, J. D.; Luke, G. M.; Buyers, W. J. L.; Broholm, C.

    2017-05-01

    We report a neutron scattering study of the magnetic excitation spectrum in each of the three temperature and pressure driven phases of URu2Si2 . We find qualitatively similar excitations throughout the (H 0 L ) scattering plane in the hidden-order and large-moment phases, with no changes in the ℏ ω widths of the excitations at the Σ =(1.407 ,0 ,0 ) and Z =(1 ,0 ,0 ) points, within our experimental resolution. There is, however, an increase in the gap at the Σ point from 4.2(2) meV to 5.5(3) meV, consistent with other indicators of enhanced antiferromagnetism under pressure.

  5. Gapped excitations in the high-pressure antiferromagnetic phase of URu 2 Si 2

    DOE PAGES

    Williams, Travis J.; Oak Ridge National Lab.; Barath, Harini; ...

    2017-05-31

    Here, we report a neutron scattering study of the magnetic excitation spectrum in each of the three temperature and pressure driven phases of URu 2Si 2. We also found qualitatively similar excitations throughout the (H0L) scattering plane in the hidden order and large moment phases, with no changes in the hbar-omega-widths of the excitations at the Sigma = (1.407,0,0) and Z = (1,0,0) points, within our experimental resolution. There is, however, an increase in the gap at the Sigma point and an increase in the first moment of both excitations. At 8 meV where the Q-dependence of magnetic scattering inmore » the hidden order phase is extended in Q-space, the excitations in the large moment phase are sharper. Furthermore, the expanded Q-hbar-omega coverage of this study suggest more complete nesting within the antiferromagnetic phase, an important property for future theoretical predictions of a hidden order parameter.« less

  6. Field-induced spin density wave and spiral phases in a layered antiferromagnet

    DOE PAGES

    Stone, Matthew B.; Lumsden, Mark D.; Garlea, Vasile O.; ...

    2015-07-28

    Here we determine the low-field ordered magnetic phases of the S=1 dimerized antiferromagnet Ba 3Mn 2O 8 using single crystal neutron diffraction. We find that for magnetic fields between μ 0H=8.80 T and 10.56 T applied along themore » $$1\\bar{1}0$$ direction the system exhibits spin density wave order with incommensurate wave vectors of type (η,η,ε). For μ 0H > 10.56 T, the magnetic order changes to a spiral phase with incommensurate wave vectors only along the [hh0] direction. For both field induced ordered phases, the magnetic moments are lying in the plane perpendicular to the field direction. Finally, the nature of these two transitions is fundamentally different: the low-field transition is a second order transition to a spin-density wave ground state, while the one at higher field, toward the spiral phase, is of first order.« less

  7. Hidden order signatures in the antiferromagnetic phase of U (Ru1-xFex) 2Si2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Williams, T. J.; Aczel, A. A.; Stone, M. B.; Wilson, M. N.; Luke, G. M.

    2017-03-01

    We present a comprehensive set of elastic and inelastic neutron scattering measurements on a range of Fe-doped samples of U (Ru1-xFex) 2Si2 with 0.01 ≤x ≤0.15 . All of the samples measured exhibit long-range antiferromagnetic order, with the size of the magnetic moment quickly increasing to 0.51 μB at 2.5% doping and continuing to increase monotonically with doping, reaching 0.69 μB at 15% doping. Time-of-flight and inelastic triple-axis measurements show the existence of excitations at (1 0 0) and (1.4 0 0) in all samples, which are also observed in the parent compound. While the excitations in the 1% doping are quantitatively identical to the parent material, the gap and width of the excitations change rapidly at 2.5% Fe doping and above. The 1% doped sample shows evidence for a separation in temperature between the hidden order and antiferromagnetic transitions, suggesting that the antiferromagnetic state emerges at very low Fe dopings. The combined neutron scattering data suggest not only discontinuous changes in the magnetic moment and excitations between the hidden order and antiferromagnetic phases, but that these changes continue to evolve up to at least x =0.15 .

  8. Hidden order signatures in the antiferromagnetic phase of U ( Ru 1 - x Fe x ) 2 Si 2

    DOE PAGES

    Williams, Travis J.; Aczel, Adam A.; Stone, Matthew B.; ...

    2017-03-31

    We present a comprehensive set of elastic and inelastic neutron scattering measurements on a range of Fe-doped samples of U(Ru 1–xFe x) 2Si 2 with 0.01 ≤ x ≤ 0.15. All of the samples measured exhibit long-range antiferromagnetic order, with the size of the magnetic moment quickly increasing to 0.51μB at 2.5% doping and continuing to increase monotonically with doping, reaching 0.69μB at 15% doping. Time-of-flight and inelastic triple-axis measurements show the existence of excitations at (1 0 0) and (1.4 0 0) in all samples, which are also observed in the parent compound. While the excitations in the 1%more » doping are quantitatively identical to the parent material, the gap and width of the excitations change rapidly at 2.5% Fe doping and above. The 1% doped sample shows evidence for a separation in temperature between the hidden order and antiferromagnetic transitions, suggesting that the antiferromagnetic state emerges at very low Fe dopings. Finally, the combined neutron scattering data suggest not only discontinuous changes in the magnetic moment and excitations between the hidden order and antiferromagnetic phases, but that these changes continue to evolve up to at least x = 0.15.« less

  9. Quench of paramagnetic orbital selective Mott phase and appearance of antiferromagnetic orbital selective slater phase in multiorbital correlated systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Quan, Ya-Min; Liu, Da-Yong; Lin, Hai-Qing; Zou, Liang-Jian

    2018-06-01

    We present the modulation of magnetic order on the orbital selective Mott phases (OSMP) and the metal-insulator transitions (MIT) of multi-orbital Hubbard models by employing the rotationally invariant slave-boson methods. We show that at half filling, the well-known paramagnetic (PM) OSMP is completely covered by an antiferromagnetic (AFM) Slater insulator, and the PM Mott phase by an AFM Mott insulator when electron correlation strength varies from intermediate to strong both in two- and three-orbitals Hubbard systems. Away from half-filling, we find that a partial-polarized AFM orbital-selective Slater phase appears in the intermediate correlation regime, and an almost full-polarized AFM OSMP fully covers the paramagnetic OSMP. In addition, the ferromagnetic phase in the three-orbital case is more robust than that in the two-orbital case. These results demonstrate that the modulation of magnetic correlation to the quasiparticle spectra leads to much rich and more interesting MIT scenario in multiorbital correlated systems.

  10. Effects of interaction strength, doping, and frustration on the antiferromagnetic phase of the two-dimensional Hubbard model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fratino, L.; Charlebois, M.; Sémon, P.; Sordi, G.; Tremblay, A.-M. S.

    2017-12-01

    Recent quantum-gas microscopy of ultracold atoms and scanning tunneling microscopy of the cuprates reveal new detailed information about doped Mott antiferromagnets, which can be compared with calculations. Using cellular dynamical mean-field theory, we map out the antiferromagnetic (AF) phase of the two-dimensional Hubbard model as a function of interaction strength U , hole doping δ , and temperature T . The Néel phase boundary is nonmonotonic as a function of U and δ . Frustration induced by second-neighbor hopping reduces Néel order more effectively at small U . The doped AF is stabilized at large U by kinetic energy and at small U by potential energy. The transition between the AF insulator and the doped metallic AF is continuous. At large U , we find in-gap states similar to those observed in scanning tunneling microscopy. We predict that, contrary to the Hubbard bands, these states are only slightly spin polarized.

  11. Unique Pressure versus Temperature Phase Diagram for Antiferromagnets Eu2Ni3Ge5 and EuRhSi3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nakashima, Miho; Amako, Yasushi; Matsubayashi, Kazuyuki; Uwatoko, Yoshiya; Nada, Masato; Sugiyama, Kiyohiro; Hagiwara, Masayuki; Haga, Yoshinori; Takeuchi, Tetsuya; Nakamura, Ai; Akamine, Hiromu; Tomori, Keisuke; Yara, Tomoyuki; Ashitomi, Yosuke; Hedo, Masato; Nakama, Takao; Ōnuki, Yoshichika

    2017-03-01

    We studied the magnetic properties of the antiferromagnets Eu2Ni3Ge5 and EuRhSi3 by measuring their electrical resistivity, specific heat, magnetic susceptibility, magnetization, and thermoelectric power, together with the electrical resistivities at high pressures of up to 15 GPa. These compounds have almost divalent Eu ions at ambient pressure and order antiferromagnetically with a successive change in the antiferromagnetic structure at TN = 19 K and T'N = 17 K in Eu2Ni3Ge5, and at TN = 49 K and T'N = 45 K in EuRhSi3. Magnetic field versus temperature (H-T) phase diagrams were constructed for both compounds from the magnetization measurements. The Néel temperature in Eu2Ni3Ge5 was found to increase up to 7 GPa but to decrease continuously with further increasing pressure, without the so-called valence transition. Under a high pressure of 15 GPa, Kondo-like behavior of the electrical resistivity was observed, suggesting the existence of the heavy-fermion state at low temperatures. A similar trend is likely to occur in EuRhSi3. The present P-T phase diagrams for both compounds are the first cases that are reminiscent of the phase diagram of EuCu2(SixGe1-x)2.

  12. Observation of a Metallic Antiferromagnetic Phase and Metal to Nonmetal Transition in Ca{sub 3}Ru{sub 2}O{sub 7}

    SciTech Connect

    Cao, G.; McCall, S.; Crow, J.

    1997-03-01

    Single crystal Ca{sub 3}Ru{sub 2}O{sub 7} shows a metallic antiferromagnetic phase intermediate between a first-order metal to nonmetal transition at T{sub M}=48K and the antiferromagnetic ordering (N{acute e}el) temperature, T{sub N}=56K. The metallic antiferromagnetic phase is predicted within various Mott-Hubbard models. Magnetization and electrical resistivity reveal strongly anisotropic metamagnetism in the nonmetallic antiferromagnetic phase. The charge and spin excitations are strongly coupled: The H-T phase diagrams determined by magnetization and magnetoresistivity are indistinguishable and reveal a multicritical point. The heat capacity of Ca{sub 3}Ru{sub 2}O{sub 7} suggests it is a highly correlated electron system. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The Americanmore » Physical Society}« less

  13. H-T Magnetic Phase Diagram of a Frustrated Triangular Lattice Antiferromagnet CuFeO 2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mitsuda, Setsuo; Mase, Motoshi; Uno, Takahiro; Kitazawa, Hideaki; Katori, Hiroko

    2000-01-01

    By magnetization and specific heat measurements in an applied magnetic field up to 12 T, we obtained the magnetic field (H) versus temperature (T) phase diagram of a frustrated triangular lattice antiferromagnet (TLA), CuFeO2, where a partially disordered phase typical to Ising TLA exists as a thermally induced state for the 4-sublattice ground state as well as for the first-field-induced 5-sublattice-like state. The experimentally obtained H-T magnetic phase diagram is compared with that from Monte-Carlo simulation of a 2D Ising TLA model with competing exchange interactions up to 3rd neighbors.

  14. Spontaneous exchange bias formation driven by a structural phase transition in the antiferromagnetic material.

    PubMed

    Migliorini, A; Kuerbanjiang, B; Huminiuc, T; Kepaptsoglou, D; Muñoz, M; Cuñado, J L F; Camarero, J; Aroca, C; Vallejo-Fernández, G; Lazarov, V K; Prieto, J L

    2018-01-01

    Most of the magnetic devices in advanced electronics rely on the exchange bias effect, a magnetic interaction that couples a ferromagnetic and an antiferromagnetic material, resulting in a unidirectional displacement of the ferromagnetic hysteresis loop by an amount called the 'exchange bias field'. Setting and optimizing exchange bias involves cooling through the Néel temperature of the antiferromagnetic material in the presence of a magnetic field. Here we demonstrate an alternative process for the generation of exchange bias. In IrMn/FeCo bilayers, a structural phase transition in the IrMn layer develops at room temperature, exchange biasing the FeCo layer as it propagates. Once the process is completed, the IrMn layer contains very large single-crystal grains, with a large density of structural defects within each grain, which are promoted by the FeCo layer. The magnetic characterization indicates that these structural defects in the antiferromagnetic layer are behind the resulting large value of the exchange bias field and its good thermal stability. This mechanism for establishing the exchange bias in such a system can contribute towards the clarification of fundamental aspects of this exchange interaction.

  15. Phase transition in the spin- 3 / 2 Blume-Emery-Griffiths model with antiferromagnetic second neighbor interactions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yezli, M.; Bekhechi, S.; Hontinfinde, F.; EZ-Zahraouy, H.

    2016-04-01

    Two nonperturbative methods such as Monte-Carlo simulation (MC) and Transfer-Matrix Finite-Size-Scaling calculations (TMFSS) have been used to study the phase transition of the spin- 3 / 2 ​Blume-Emery-Griffiths model (BEG) with quadrupolar and antiferromagnetic next-nearest-neighbor exchange interactions. Ground state and finite temperature phase diagrams are obtained by means of these two methods. New degenerate phases are found and only second order phase transitions occur for all values of the parameter interactions. No sign of the intermediate phase is found from both methods. Critical exponents are also obtained from TMFSS calculations. Ising criticality and nonuniversal behaviors are observed depending on the strength of the second neighbor interaction.

  16. Distinct magnetic spectra in the hidden order and antiferromagnetic phases in URu 2 - x Fe x Si 2

    DOE PAGES

    Butch, Nicholas P.; Ran, Sheng; Jeon, Inho; ...

    2016-11-07

    We use neutron scattering to compare the magnetic excitations in the hidden order (HO) and antiferromagnetic (AFM) phases in URu 2-xFe xSi 2 as a function of Fe concentration. The magnetic excitation spectra change significantly between x = 0.05 and x = 0.10, following the enhancement of the AFM ordered moment, in good analogy to the behavior of the parent compound under applied pressure. Prominent lattice-commensurate low-energy excitations characteristic of the HO phase vanish in the AFM phase. The magnetic scattering is dominated by strong excitations along the Brillouin zone edges, underscoring the important role of electron hybridization to bothmore » HO and AFM phases, and the similarity of the underlying electronic structure. The stability of the AFM phase is correlated with enhanced local-itinerant electron hybridization.« less

  17. Magnetic phase transition in Heisenberg antiferromagnetic films with easy-axis single-ion anisotropy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pan, Kok-Kwei

    2012-03-01

    The staggered susceptibility of spin-1 and spin-3/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet with easy-axis single-ion anisotropy on the cubic lattice films consisting of n=2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 interacting square lattice layers is studied by high-temperature series expansions. Sixth order series in J/kBT have been obtained for free-surface boundary conditions. The dependence of the Néel temperature on film thickness n and easy-axis anisotropy D has been investigated. The shifts of the Néel temperature from the bulk value can be described by a power law n with a shift exponent λ, where λ is the inverse of the bulk correlation length exponent. The effect of easy-axis single-ion anisotropy on shift exponent of antiferromagnetic films has been studied. A comparison is made with related works. The results obtained are qualitatively consistent with the predictions of finite-size scaling theory.

  18. Suppression of the antiferromagnetic order when approaching the superconducting state in a phase-separated crystal of K x Fe 2 - y Se 2

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Shichao; Gan, Yuan; Wang, Jinghui

    Here, we combined elastic and inelastic neutron scattering techniques, magnetic susceptibility, and resistivity measurements to study single-crystal samples of K xFe 2-ySe 2, which contain the superconducting phase that has a transition temperature of ~31 K. In the inelastic neutron scattering measurements, we also observe both the spin-wave excitations resulting from the block antiferromagnetic ordered phase and the resonance that is associated with the superconductivity in the superconducting phase, demonstrating the coexistence of these two orders. From the temperature dependence of the intensity of the magnetic Bragg peaks, we find that well before entering the superconducting state, the development ofmore » the magnetic order is interrupted, at ~42 K. We consider this result to be evidence for the physical separation of the antiferromagnetic and superconducting phases; the suppression is possibly due to the proximity effect of the superconducting fluctuations on the antiferromagnetic order.« less

  19. Suppression of the antiferromagnetic order when approaching the superconducting state in a phase-separated crystal of K x Fe 2 - y Se 2

    DOE PAGES

    Li, Shichao; Gan, Yuan; Wang, Jinghui; ...

    2017-09-06

    Here, we combined elastic and inelastic neutron scattering techniques, magnetic susceptibility, and resistivity measurements to study single-crystal samples of K xFe 2-ySe 2, which contain the superconducting phase that has a transition temperature of ~31 K. In the inelastic neutron scattering measurements, we also observe both the spin-wave excitations resulting from the block antiferromagnetic ordered phase and the resonance that is associated with the superconductivity in the superconducting phase, demonstrating the coexistence of these two orders. From the temperature dependence of the intensity of the magnetic Bragg peaks, we find that well before entering the superconducting state, the development ofmore » the magnetic order is interrupted, at ~42 K. We consider this result to be evidence for the physical separation of the antiferromagnetic and superconducting phases; the suppression is possibly due to the proximity effect of the superconducting fluctuations on the antiferromagnetic order.« less

  20. Ground-state phases of the spin-1 J1-J2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the honeycomb lattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, P. H. Y.; Bishop, R. F.

    2016-06-01

    We study the zero-temperature quantum phase diagram of a spin-1 Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the honeycomb lattice with both nearest-neighbor exchange coupling J1>0 and frustrating next-nearest-neighbor coupling J2≡κ J1>0 , using the coupled cluster method implemented to high orders of approximation, and based on model states with different forms of classical magnetic order. For each we calculate directly in the bulk thermodynamic limit both ground-state low-energy parameters (including the energy per spin, magnetic order parameter, spin stiffness coefficient, and zero-field uniform transverse magnetic susceptibility) and their generalized susceptibilities to various forms of valence-bond crystalline (VBC) order, as well as the energy gap to the lowest-lying spin-triplet excitation. In the range 0 <κ <1 we find evidence for four distinct phases. Two of these are quasiclassical phases with antiferromagnetic long-range order, one with two-sublattice Néel order for κ <κc1=0.250(5 ) , and another with four-sublattice Néel-II order for κ >κc 2=0.340 (5 ) . Two different paramagnetic phases are found to exist in the intermediate region. Over the range κc1<κ<κci=0.305 (5 ) we find a gapless phase with no discernible magnetic order, which is a strong candidate for being a quantum spin liquid, while over the range κci<κ <κc 2 we find a gapped phase, which is most likely a lattice nematic with staggered dimer VBC order that breaks the lattice rotational symmetry.

  1. Effects of interaction strength, doping, and frustration on the antiferromagnetic phase of the two-dimensional Hubbard model

    DOE PAGES

    Fratino, L.; Charlebois, M.; Sémon, P.; ...

    2017-12-19

    Recent quantum-gas microscopy of ultracold atoms and scanning tunneling microscopy of the cuprates reveal new detailed information about doped Mott antiferromagnets, which can be compared with calculations. Using cellular dynamical mean-field theory, we map out the antiferromagnetic (AF) phase of the two-dimensional Hubbard model as a function of interaction strength U, hole doping δ, and temperature T . The Néel phase boundary is nonmonotonic as a function of U and δ. Frustration induced by second-neighbor hopping reduces Néel order more effectively at small U. The doped AF is stabilized at large U by kinetic energy and at small U bymore » potential energy. The transition between the AF insulator and the doped metallic AF is continuous. At large U, we find in-gap states similar to those observed in scanning tunneling microscopy. Finally, we predict that, contrary to the Hubbard bands, these states are only slightly spin polarized.« less

  2. Magnetic imaging of antiferromagnetic and superconducting phases in R bxF e2 -yS e2 crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hazi, J.; Mousavi, T.; Dudin, P.; van der Laan, G.; Maccherozzi, F.; Krzton-Maziopa, A.; Pomjakushina, E.; Conder, K.; Speller, S. C.

    2018-02-01

    High-temperature superconducting (HTS) cuprate materials, with the ability to carry large electrical currents with no resistance at easily reachable temperatures, have stimulated enormous scientific and industrial interest since their discovery in the 1980's. However, technological applications of these promising compounds have been limited by their chemical and microstructural complexity and the challenging processing strategies required for the exploitation of their extraordinary properties. The lack of theoretical understanding of the mechanism for superconductivity in these HTS materials has also hindered the search for new superconducting systems with enhanced performance. The unexpected discovery in 2008 of HTS iron-based compounds has provided an entirely new family of materials for studying the crucial interplay between superconductivity and magnetism in unconventional superconductors. Alkali-metal-doped iron selenide (AxF e2 -yS e2 , A =alkali metal ) compounds are of particular interest owing to the coexistence of superconductivity at relatively high temperatures with antiferromagnetism. Intrinsic phase separation on the mesoscopic scale is also known to occur in what were intended to be single crystals of these compounds, making it difficult to interpret bulk property measurements. Here, we use a combination of two advanced microscopy techniques to provide direct evidence of the magnetic properties of the individual phases. First, x-ray linear dichroism studies in a photoelectron emission microscope, and supporting multiplet calculations, indicate that the matrix (majority) phase is antiferromagnetic whereas the minority phase is nonmagnetic at room temperature. Second, cryogenic magnetic force microscopy demonstrates unambiguously that superconductivity occurs only in the minority phase. The correlation of these findings with previous microstructural studies and bulk measurements paves the way for understanding the intriguing electronic and magnetic

  3. Antiferromagnetic spintronics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baltz, V.; Manchon, A.; Tsoi, M.; Moriyama, T.; Ono, T.; Tserkovnyak, Y.

    2018-01-01

    Antiferromagnetic materials could represent the future of spintronic applications thanks to the numerous interesting features they combine: they are robust against perturbation due to magnetic fields, produce no stray fields, display ultrafast dynamics, and are capable of generating large magnetotransport effects. Intense research efforts over the past decade have been invested in unraveling spin transport properties in antiferromagnetic materials. Whether spin transport can be used to drive the antiferromagnetic order and how subsequent variations can be detected are some of the thrilling challenges currently being addressed. Antiferromagnetic spintronics started out with studies on spin transfer and has undergone a definite revival in the last few years with the publication of pioneering articles on the use of spin-orbit interactions in antiferromagnets. This paradigm shift offers possibilities for radically new concepts for spin manipulation in electronics. Central to these endeavors are the need for predictive models, relevant disruptive materials, and new experimental designs. This paper reviews the most prominent spintronic effects described based on theoretical and experimental analysis of antiferromagnetic materials. It also details some of the remaining bottlenecks and suggests possible avenues for future research. This review covers both spin-transfer-related effects, such as spin-transfer torque, spin penetration length, domain-wall motion, and "magnetization" dynamics, and spin-orbit related phenomena, such as (tunnel) anisotropic magnetoresistance, spin Hall, and inverse spin galvanic effects. Effects related to spin caloritronics, such as the spin Seebeck effect, are linked to the transport of magnons in antiferromagnets. The propagation of spin waves and spin superfluids in antiferromagnets is also covered.

  4. Cluster-Glass Phase in Pyrochlore X Y Antiferromagnets with Quenched Disorder

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Andrade, Eric C.; Hoyos, José A.; Rachel, Stephan; Vojta, Matthias

    2018-03-01

    We study the impact of quenched disorder (random exchange couplings or site dilution) on easy-plane pyrochlore antiferromagnets. In the clean system, order by disorder selects a magnetically ordered state from a classically degenerate manifold. In the presence of randomness, however, different orders can be chosen locally depending on details of the disorder configuration. Using a combination of analytical considerations and classical Monte Carlo simulations, we argue that any long-range-ordered magnetic state is destroyed beyond a critical level of randomness where the system breaks into magnetic domains due to random exchange anisotropies, becoming, therefore, a glass of spin clusters, in accordance with the available experimental data. These random anisotropies originate from off-diagonal exchange couplings in the microscopic Hamiltonian, establishing their relevance to other magnets with strong spin-orbit coupling.

  5. Raman scattering study on the hidden order and antiferromagnetic phases in URu2-xFexSi2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kung, Hsiang-Hsi; Ran, Sheng; Kanchanavatee, Noravee; Lee, Alexander; Krapivin, Viktor; Haule, Kristjan; Maple, M. Brian; Blumberg, Girsh

    The heavy fermion compound URu2Si2 possesses an unusual ground state known as the ``hidden order'' (HO) phase below T = 17 . 5 K, which evolves into an large moment antiferromagnetic (LMAFM) phase under pressure. A recent Raman scattering study shows that an A2 g symmetry (D4 h) in-gap mode emerges in the HO phase, characterizing the excitation from a chirality density wave. Here, we report Raman scattering results for single crystal URu2-xFexSi2 with x <= 0 . 2 , where the Fe substitution acts as chemical pressure, shifting the system's ground state from HO to LMAFM. We found that the A2 g mode softens with doping, vanishes at the HO and LMAFM phase boundary, then re-emerges and hardens with doping in the LMAFM phase. The relations between the A2 g mode energy and the strength of the HO/LMAFM order parameters will be discussed in this talk. GB and HHK acknowledge support from DOE BES Award DE-SC0005463. AL and VK acknowledge NSF Award DMR-1104884. KH acknowledges NSF Award DMR-1405303. MBM, SR and NK acknowledge DOE BES Award DE-FG02-04ER46105 and NSF Award DMR 1206553.

  6. Phase transitions and thermodynamic properties of antiferromagnetic Ising model with next-nearest-neighbor interactions on the Kagomé lattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramazanov, M. K.; Murtazaev, A. K.; Magomedov, M. A.; Badiev, M. K.

    2018-06-01

    We study phase transitions and thermodynamic properties in the two-dimensional antiferromagnetic Ising model with next-nearest-neighbor interaction on a Kagomé lattice by Monte Carlo simulations. A histogram data analysis shows that a second-order transition occurs in the model. From the analysis of obtained data, we can assume that next-nearest-neighbor ferromagnetic interactions in two-dimensional antiferromagnetic Ising model on a Kagomé lattice excite the occurrence of a second-order transition and unusual behavior of thermodynamic properties on the temperature dependence.

  7. Antiferromagnetic skyrmions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tretiakov, Oleg; Barker, Joseph

    Skyrmions are topologically protected entities in magnetic materials which have the potential to be used in spintronics for information storage and processing. However, skyrmions in ferromagnets have some intrinsic difficulties which must be overcome to use them for spintronic applications, such as the inability to move straight along current. We show that skyrmions can also be stabilized and manipulated in antiferromagnetic materials. An antiferromagnetic skyrmion is a compound topological object with a similar but of opposite sign spin texture on each sublattice, which e.g. results in a complete cancelation of the Magnus force. We find that the composite nature of antiferromagnetic skyrmions gives rise to different dynamical behavior, both due to an applied current and temperature effects. O.A.T. and J.B. acknowledge support by the Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (Nos. 25800184, 25247056, 25220910 and 15H01009) from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan and SpinNet.

  8. Global phase diagram and quantum spin liquids in a spin- 1 2 triangular antiferromagnet

    DOE PAGES

    Gong, Shou-Shu; Zhu, Wei; Zhu, Jianxin; ...

    2017-08-09

    For this research, we study the spin-1/2 Heisenberg model on the triangular lattice with the nearest-neighbor J 1 > 0 , the next-nearest-neighobr J 2 > 0 Heisenberg interactions, and the additional scalar chiral interaction Jχ (more » $$\\vec{S}$$ i × $$\\vec{S}$$ j ) · $$\\vec{S}$$ k for the three spins in all the triangles using large-scale density matrix renormalization group calculation on cylinder geometry. With increasing J 2 (J 2 / J 1 ≤ 0.3 ) and Jχ (Jχ / J 1 ≤ 1.0 ) interactions, we establish a quantum phase diagram with the magnetically ordered 120°, stripe, and noncoplanar tetrahedral phase. In between these magnetic order phases, we find a chiral spin liquid (CSL) phase, which is identified as a ν = 1/2 bosonic fractional quantum Hall state with possible spontaneous rotational symmetry breaking. By switching on the chiral interaction, we find that the previously identified spin liquid in the J 1 - J 2 triangular model (0.08 ≲ J 2 / J 1 ≲ 0.15) shows a phase transition to the CSL phase at very small Jχ. We also compute the spin triplet gap in both spin liquid phases, and our finite-size results suggest a large gap in the odd topological sector but a small or vanishing gap in the even sector. Lastly, we discuss the implications of our results on the nature of the spin liquid phases.« less

  9. Quantum anomalous Hall effect and topological phase transition in two-dimensional antiferromagnetic Chern insulator NiOsCl6

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Wei-Wei; Li, Lei; Zhao, Jing-Sheng; Liu, Xiao-Xiong; Deng, Jian-Bo; Tao, Xiao-Ma; Hu, Xian-Ru

    2018-05-01

    By doing calculations based on density functional theory, we predict that the two-dimensional anti-ferromagnetic (AFM) NiOsCl6 as a Chern insulator can realize the quantum anomalous Hall (QAH) effect. We investigate the magnetocrystalline anisotropy energies in different magnetic configurations and the Néel AFM configuration is proved to be ground state. When considering spin–orbit coupling (SOC), this layered material with spins perpendicular to the plane shows properties as a Chern insulator characterized by an inversion band structure and a nonzero Chern number. The nontrivial band gap is 37 meV and the Chern number C  =  ‑1, which are induced by a strong SOC and AFM order. With strong SOC, the NiOsCl6 system performs a continuous topological phase transition from the Chern insulator to the trivial insulator upon the increasing Coulomb repulsion U. The critical U c is indicated as 0.23 eV, at which the system is in a metallic phase with . Upon increasing U, the E g reduces linearly with C  =  ‑1 for 0  <  U  <  U c and increases linearly with C  =  0 for U  >  U c . At last we analysis the QAH properties and this continuous topological phase transition theoretically in a two-band model. This AFM Chern insulator NiOsCl6 proposes not only a promising way to realize the QAH effect, but also a new material to study the continuous topological phase transition.

  10. Mapping the Superconducting Anti-ferromagnetic C4 Phase in Iron-Pnictides

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stadel, Ryan; Taddei, Keith; Bugaris, Dan; Lapidus, Saul; Claus, Helmut; Phelan, Daniel; Chung, Duck Young; Kanatzidis, Mercouri; Osborn, Raymond; Rosenkranz, Stephan; Chmaissem, Omar

    Following the discovery of the microscopic coexistence of antifermagnetic spin density waves and superconductivity in Ba1-xKxFe2As2 and the low temperature re-entrance to the novel magnetic C4 tetragonal phase in Ba1-xNaxFe2As2, there has been significant interest in developing an understanding of the properties and formation of these phases and analyzing their dependence on temperature and composition in hole-doped 122 alkaline earth metal/iron-pnictides. We describe the mapping of various Ba, Sr, and Ca 122 phase diagrams with systematically controlled levels of hole-doping of alkaline metal onto the alkaline earth metal site, which was investigated via x-ray and neutron diffraction. Our elaborate synthesis, diffraction work, and analysis maps and firmly establishes the C4 phase space in these ternary diagrams as well as the boundary lines that separate the individual phases, and provides natural clues as well as a framework to investigate the stability and formation of the C4 domes that shift location with doping contents in the phase diagrams. Work at Argonne was supported by US DOE, Office of Science, Materials Sciences and Engineering Division.

  11. Role of the d -d interaction in the antiferromagnetic phase of λ -(BEDT-STF ) 2FeCl4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Minamidate, Takaaki; Shindo, Hironori; Ihara, Yoshihiko; Kawamoto, Atsushi; Matsunaga, Noriaki; Nomura, Kazushige

    2018-03-01

    Magnetic susceptibility and proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR ) measurements were performed for the quasi-two-dimensional π -d interacting system λ -(BEDT-STF ) 2FeCl4 at ambient pressure. Magnetic susceptibility arising from the 3 d spins of the FeCl4 anion show an anisotropy at low temperature and its temperature dependence for the external field parallel to the c axis is described as a broad peak structure at 8 K. A sharp peak in the temperature dependence of T1-1 associated with the antiferromagnetic (AF) transition is observed at TAF=16 K, together with the drastic splitting of the NMR spectrum below TAF. The relation between the static susceptibility and the splitting of the NMR shift suggests the existence of the relatively strong d -d AF interaction. These results can be explained by the model considering the AF-coupled d -spin system in the AF long-range-ordered π -spin system. We find that the AF phases in λ -type salts can be universally explained by this model.

  12. Quantum Monte Carlo analysis of a charge ordered insulating antiferromagnet: The Ti 4O 7 Magneli phase

    DOE PAGES

    Benali, Anouar; Shulenburger, Luke; Krogel, Jaron T.; ...

    2016-06-07

    The Magneli phase Ti 4O 7 is an important transition metal oxide with a wide range of applications because of its interplay between charge, spin, and lattice degrees of freedom. At low temperatures, it has non-trivial magnetic states very close in energy, driven by electronic exchange and correlation interactions. We have examined three low- lying states, one ferromagnetic and two antiferromagnetic, and calculated their energies as well as Ti spin moment distributions using highly accurate Quantum Monte Carlo methods. We compare our results to those obtained from density functional theory- based methods that include approximate corrections for exchange and correlation.more » Our results confirm the nature of the states and their ordering in energy, as compared with density-functional theory methods. However, the energy differences and spin distributions differ. Here, a detailed analysis suggests that non-local exchange-correlation functionals, in addition to other approximations such as LDA+U to account for correlations, are needed to simultaneously obtain better estimates for spin moments, distributions, energy differences and energy gaps.« less

  13. Phase transitions in the antiferromagnetic Ising model on a body-centered cubic lattice with interactions between next-to-nearest neighbors

    SciTech Connect

    Murtazaev, A. K.; Ramazanov, M. K., E-mail: sheikh77@mail.ru; Kassan-Ogly, F. A.

    2015-01-15

    Phase transitions in the antiferromagnetic Ising model on a body-centered cubic lattice are studied on the basis of the replica algorithm by the Monte Carlo method and histogram analysis taking into account the interaction of next-to-nearest neighbors. The phase diagram of the dependence of the critical temperature on the intensity of interaction of the next-to-nearest neighbors is constructed. It is found that a second-order phase transition is realized in this model in the investigated interval of the intensities of interaction of next-to-nearest neighbors.

  14. Influence of quantum phase transition on spin transport in the quantum antiferromagnet in the honeycomb lattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lima, L. S.

    2017-06-01

    We use the SU(3) Schwinger boson theory to study the spin transport properties of the two-dimensional anisotropic frustrated Heisenberg model in a honeycomb lattice at T = 0 with single ion anisotropy and third neighbor interactions. We have investigated the behavior of the spin conductivity for this model that presents exchange interactions J1 , J2 and J3 . We study the spin transport in the Bose-Einstein condensation regime where the bosons tz are condensed. Our results show an influence of the quantum phase transition point on the spin conductivity behavior. We also have made a diagrammatic expansion for the Green-function and did not obtain any significant change of the results.

  15. Antiferromagnetic vs. non-magnetic ε phase of solid oxygen. Periodic density functional theory studies using a localized atomic basis set and the role of exact exchange.

    PubMed

    Ramírez-Solís, A; Zicovich-Wilson, C M; Hernández-Lamoneda, R; Ochoa-Calle, A J

    2017-01-25

    The question of the non-magnetic (NM) vs. antiferromagnetic (AF) nature of the ε phase of solid oxygen is a matter of great interest and continuing debate. In particular, it has been proposed that the ε phase is actually composed of two phases, a low-pressure AF ε 1 phase and a higher pressure NM ε 0 phase [Crespo et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 2014, 111, 10427]. We address this problem through periodic spin-restricted and spin-polarized Kohn-Sham density functional theory calculations at pressures from 10 to 50 GPa using calibrated GGA and hybrid exchange-correlation functionals with Gaussian atomic basis sets. The two possible configurations for the antiferromagnetic (AF1 and AF2) coupling of the 0 ≤ S ≤ 1 O 2 molecules in the (O 2 ) 4 unit cell were studied. Full enthalpy-driven geometry optimizations of the (O 2 ) 4 unit cells were done to study the pressure evolution of the enthalpy difference between the non-magnetic and both antiferromagnetic structures. We also address the evolution of structural parameters and the spin-per-molecule vs. pressure. We find that the spin-less solution becomes more stable than both AF structures above 50 GPa and, crucially, the spin-less solution yields lattice parameters in much better agreement with experimental data at all pressures than the AF structures. The optimized AF2 broken-symmetry structures lead to large errors of the a and b lattice parameters when compared with experiments. The results for the NM model are in much better agreement with the experimental data than those found for both AF models and are consistent with a completely non-magnetic (O 2 ) 4 unit cell for the low-pressure regime of the ε phase.

  16. Pressure-Induced Valence Crossover and Novel Metamagnetic Behavior near the Antiferromagnetic Quantum Phase Transition of YbNi3Ga9

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Matsubayashi, K.; Hirayama, T.; Yamashita, T.; Ohara, S.; Kawamura, N.; Mizumaki, M.; Ishimatsu, N.; Watanabe, S.; Kitagawa, K.; Uwatoko, Y.

    2015-02-01

    We report electrical resistivity, ac magnetic susceptibility, and x-ray absorption spectroscopy measurements of intermediate valence YbNi3Ga9 under pressure and magnetic field. We have revealed a characteristic pressure-induced Yb valence crossover within the temperature-pressure phase diagram, and a first-order metamagnetic transition is found below Pc˜9 GPa where the system undergoes a pressure-induced antiferromagnetic transition. As a possible origin of the metamagnetic behavior, a critical valence fluctuation emerging near the critical point of the first-order valence transition is discussed on the basis of the temperature-field-pressure phase diagram.

  17. Ashkin-Teller criticality and weak first-order behavior of the phase transition to a fourfold degenerate state in two-dimensional frustrated Ising antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, R. M.; Zhuo, W. Z.; Chen, J.; Qin, M. H.; Zeng, M.; Lu, X. B.; Gao, X. S.; Liu, J.-M.

    2017-07-01

    We study the thermal phase transition of the fourfold degenerate phases (the plaquette and single-stripe states) in the two-dimensional frustrated Ising model on the Shastry-Sutherland lattice using Monte Carlo simulations. The critical Ashkin-Teller-like behavior is identified both in the plaquette phase region and the single-stripe phase region. The four-state Potts critical end points differentiating the continuous transitions from the first-order ones are estimated based on finite-size-scaling analyses. Furthermore, a similar behavior of the transition to the fourfold single-stripe phase is also observed in the anisotropic triangular Ising model. Thus, this work clearly demonstrates that the transitions to the fourfold degenerate states of two-dimensional Ising antiferromagnets exhibit similar transition behavior.

  18. Charge-regulation phase transition on surface lattices of titratable sites adjacent to electrolyte solutions: An analog of the Ising antiferromagnet in a magnetic field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shore, Joel D.; Thurston, George M.

    2015-12-01

    We report a charge-patterning phase transition on two-dimensional square lattices of titratable sites, here regarded as protonation sites, placed in a low-dielectric medium just below the planar interface between this medium and a salt solution. We calculate the work-of-charging matrix of the lattice with use of a linear Debye-Hückel model, as input to a grand-canonical partition function for the distribution of occupancy patterns. For a large range of parameter values, this model exhibits an approximate inverse cubic power-law decrease of the voltage produced by an individual charge, as a function of its in-lattice separation from neighboring titratable sites. Thus, the charge coupling voltage biases the local probabilities of proton binding as a function of the occupancy of sites for many neighbors beyond the nearest ones. We find that even in the presence of these longer-range interactions, the site couplings give rise to a phase transition in which the site occupancies exhibit an alternating, checkerboard pattern that is an analog of antiferromagnetic ordering. The overall strength W of this canonical charge coupling voltage, per unit charge, is a function of the Debye length, the charge depth, the Bjerrum length, and the dielectric coefficients of the medium and the solvent. The alternating occupancy transition occurs above a curve of thermodynamic critical points in the (p H-p K ,W ) plane, the curve representing a charge-regulation analog of variation of the Néel temperature of an Ising antiferromagnet as a function of an applied, uniform magnetic field. The analog of a uniform magnetic field in the antiferromagnet problem is a combination of p H-p K and W , and 1 /W is the analog of the temperature in the antiferromagnet problem. We use Monte Carlo simulations to study the occupancy patterns of the titratable sites, including interactions out to the 37th nearest-neighbor category (a distance of √{74 } lattice constants), first validating simulations

  19. Charge-regulation phase transition on surface lattices of titratable sites adjacent to electrolyte solutions: An analog of the Ising antiferromagnet in a magnetic field

    PubMed Central

    Shore, Joel D.; Thurston, George M.

    2018-01-01

    We report a charge-patterning phase transition on two-dimensional square lattices of titratable sites, here regarded as protonation sites, placed in a low-dielectric medium just below the planar interface between this medium and a salt solution. We calculate the work-of-charging matrix of the lattice with use of a linear Debye-Hückel model, as input to a grand-canonical partition function for the distribution of occupancy patterns. For a large range of parameter values, this model exhibits an approximate inverse cubic power-law decrease of the voltage produced by an individual charge, as a function of its in-lattice separation from neighboring titratable sites. Thus, the charge coupling voltage biases the local probabilities of proton binding as a function of the occupancy of sites for many neighbors beyond the nearest ones. We find that even in the presence of these longer-range interactions, the site couplings give rise to a phase transition in which the site occupancies exhibit an alternating, checkerboard pattern that is an analog of antiferromagnetic ordering. The overall strength W of this canonical charge coupling voltage, per unit charge, is a function of the Debye length, the charge depth, the Bjerrum length, and the dielectric coefficients of the medium and the solvent. The alternating occupancy transition occurs above a curve of thermodynamic critical points in the (pH-pK,W) plane, the curve representing a charge-regulation analog of variation of the Néel temperature of an Ising antiferromagnet as a function of an applied, uniform magnetic field. The analog of a uniform magnetic field in the antiferromagnet problem is a combination of pH-pK and W, and 1/W is the analog of the temperature in the antiferromagnet problem. We use Monte Carlo simulations to study the occupancy patterns of the titratable sites, including interactions out to the 37th nearest-neighbor category (a distance of 74 lattice constants), first validating simulations through

  20. Charge-regulation phase transition on surface lattices of titratable sites adjacent to electrolyte solutions: An analog of the Ising antiferromagnet in a magnetic field.

    PubMed

    Shore, Joel D; Thurston, George M

    2015-12-01

    We report a charge-patterning phase transition on two-dimensional square lattices of titratable sites, here regarded as protonation sites, placed in a low-dielectric medium just below the planar interface between this medium and a salt solution. We calculate the work-of-charging matrix of the lattice with use of a linear Debye-Hückel model, as input to a grand-canonical partition function for the distribution of occupancy patterns. For a large range of parameter values, this model exhibits an approximate inverse cubic power-law decrease of the voltage produced by an individual charge, as a function of its in-lattice separation from neighboring titratable sites. Thus, the charge coupling voltage biases the local probabilities of proton binding as a function of the occupancy of sites for many neighbors beyond the nearest ones. We find that even in the presence of these longer-range interactions, the site couplings give rise to a phase transition in which the site occupancies exhibit an alternating, checkerboard pattern that is an analog of antiferromagnetic ordering. The overall strength W of this canonical charge coupling voltage, per unit charge, is a function of the Debye length, the charge depth, the Bjerrum length, and the dielectric coefficients of the medium and the solvent. The alternating occupancy transition occurs above a curve of thermodynamic critical points in the (pH-pK,W) plane, the curve representing a charge-regulation analog of variation of the Néel temperature of an Ising antiferromagnet as a function of an applied, uniform magnetic field. The analog of a uniform magnetic field in the antiferromagnet problem is a combination of pH-pK and W, and 1/W is the analog of the temperature in the antiferromagnet problem. We use Monte Carlo simulations to study the occupancy patterns of the titratable sites, including interactions out to the 37th nearest-neighbor category (a distance of √74 lattice constants), first validating simulations through

  1. Phase transitions and critical properties in the antiferromagnetic Ising model on a layered triangular lattice with allowance for intralayer next-nearest-neighbor interactions

    SciTech Connect

    Badiev, M. K., E-mail: m-zagir@mail.ru; Murtazaev, A. K.; Ramazanov, M. K.

    2016-10-15

    The phase transitions (PTs) and critical properties of the antiferromagnetic Ising model on a layered (stacked) triangular lattice have been studied by the Monte Carlo method using a replica algorithm with allowance for the next-nearest-neighbor interactions. The character of PTs is analyzed using the histogram technique and the method of Binder cumulants. It is established that the transition from the disordered to paramagnetic phase in the adopted model is a second-order PT. Static critical exponents of the heat capacity (α), susceptibility (γ), order parameter (β), and correlation radius (ν) and the Fischer exponent η are calculated using the finite-size scalingmore » theory. It is shown that (i) the antiferromagnetic Ising model on a layered triangular lattice belongs to the XY universality class of critical behavior and (ii) allowance for the intralayer interactions of next-nearest neighbors in the adopted model leads to a change in the universality class of critical behavior.« less

  2. Topological antiferromagnetic spintronics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Šmejkal, Libor; Mokrousov, Yuriy; Yan, Binghai; MacDonald, Allan H.

    2018-03-01

    The recent demonstrations of electrical manipulation and detection of antiferromagnetic spins have opened up a new chapter in the story of spintronics. Here, we review the emerging research field that is exploring the links between antiferromagnetic spintronics and topological structures in real and momentum space. Active topics include proposals to realize Majorana fermions in antiferromagnetic topological superconductors, to control topological protection and Dirac points by manipulating antiferromagnetic order parameters, and to exploit the anomalous and topological Hall effects of zero-net-moment antiferromagnets. We explain the basic concepts behind these proposals, and discuss potential applications of topological antiferromagnetic spintronics.

  3. Anomalous finite-size effect due to quasidegenerate phases in triangular antiferromagnets with long-range interactions and mapping to the generalized six-state clock model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nishino, Masamichi; Miyashita, Seiji

    2016-11-01

    The effect of long-range (LR) interactions on frustrated-spin models is an interesting problem, which provides rich ordering processes. We study the effect of LR interactions on triangular Ising antiferromagnets with the next-nearest-neighbor ferromagnetic interaction (TIAFF). In the thermodynamic limit, the LRTIAFF model should reproduce the corresponding mean-field results, in which successive phase transitions occur among various phases, i.e., the disordered paramagnetic phase, so-called partially disordered phase, three-sublattice ferrimagnetic phase, and two-sublattice ferrimagnetic phase. In the present paper we focus on the magnetic susceptibility at the transition point between the two-sublattice ferrimagnetic and the disordered paramagnetic phases at relatively large ferromagnetic interactions. In the mean-field analysis, the magnetic susceptibility shows no divergence at the transition point. In contrast, a divergencelike enhancement of the susceptibility is observed in Monte Carlo simulations in finite-size systems. We investigate the origin of this difference and find that it is attributed to a virtual degeneracy of the free energies of the partially disordered and 2-FR phases. We also exploit a generalized six-state clock model with an LR interaction, which is a more general system with Z6 symmetry. We discuss the phase diagram of this model and find that it exhibits richer transition patterns and contains the physics of the LRTIAFF model.

  4. Electrical switching of an antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jungwirth, Tomas

    Louis Néel pointed out in his Nobel lecture that while abundant and interesting from theoretical viewpoint, antiferromagnets did not seem to have any applications. Indeed, the alternating directions of magnetic moments on individual atoms and the resulting zero net magnetization make antiferromagnets hard to control by tools common in ferromagnets. Strong coupling would be achieved if the externally generated field had a sign alternating on the scale of a lattice constant at which moments alternate in AFMs. However, generating such a field has been regarded unfeasible, hindering the research and applications of these abundant magnetic materials. We have recently predicted that relativistic quantum mechanics may offer staggered current induced fields with the sign alternating within the magnetic unit cell which can facilitate a reversible switching of an antiferromagnet by applying electrical currents with comparable efficiency to ferromagnets. Among suitable materials is a high Néel temperature antiferromagnet, tetragonal-phase CuMnAs, which we have recently synthesized in the form of single-crystal epilayers structurally compatible with common semiconductors. We demonstrate electrical writing and read-out, combined with the insensitivity to magnetic field perturbations, in a proof-of-concept antiferromagnetic memory device. We acknowledge support from European Research Council Advanced Grant No. 268066.

  5. Perspectives of antiferromagnetic spintronics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jungfleisch, Matthias B.; Zhang, Wei; Hoffmann, Axel

    2018-04-01

    Antiferromagnets are promising for future spintronic applications owing to their advantageous properties: They are magnetically ordered, but neighboring magnetic moments point in opposite directions, which results in zero net magnetization. This means antiferromagnets produce no stray fields and are insensitive to external magnetic field perturbations. Furthermore, they show intrinsic high frequency dynamics, exhibit considerable spin-orbit and magneto-transport effects. Over the past decade, it has been realized that antiferromagnets have more to offer than just being utilized as passive components in exchange bias applications. This development resulted in a paradigm shift, which opens the pathway to novel concepts using antiferromagnets for spin-based technologies and applications. This article gives a broad perspective on antiferromagnetic spintronics. In particular, the manipulation and detection of antiferromagnetic states by spintronics effects, as well as spin transport and dynamics in antiferromagnetic materials will be discussed. We will also outline current challenges and future research directions in this emerging field.

  6. Magnetic Phase Diagrams and Magnetization Plateaus of the Spin-1/2 Antiferromagnetic Heisenberg Model on a Square-Kagome Lattice with Three Nonequivalent Exchange Interactions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morita, Katsuhiro; Tohyama, Takami

    2018-04-01

    Magnetization plateaus in quantum spin systems emerge in two-dimensional frustrated systems such as a kagome lattice. The spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model on a square-kagome lattice is also appropriate for the study of the magnetization plateau. Motivated by recent experimental findings of such a square kagome lattice with three nonequivalent bonds, we investigate the phase diagrams and magnetization plateaus of the lattice using the exact diagonalization method. In addition to the previously reported 1/3 and 2/3 plateaus in the model with two equivalent bonds, we find a new 2/3 plateau whose magnetic structure is characterized by spontaneously broken four-fold rotational symmetry. The plateau appears only in the case of three nonequivalent bonds. We propose the possibility of finding plateaus including the new one.

  7. Magnetic phase diagram and multiferroicity of Ba 3 MnNb 2 O 9 : A spin - 5 2 triangular lattice antiferromagnet with weak easy-axis anisotropy

    DOE PAGES

    Lee, M.; Choi, E. S.; Huang, X.; ...

    2014-12-01

    Here we have performed magnetic, electric, thermal and neutron powder diffraction (NPD) experiments as well as density functional theory (DFT) calculations on Ba 3MnNb 2 O 9. All results suggest that Ba 3MnNb 2 O 9 is a spin-5/2 triangular lattice antiferromagnet (TLAF) with weak easy-axis anisotropy. At zero field, we observed a narrow two-step transition at T N1 = 3.4 K and T N2 = 3.0 K. The neutron diffraction measurement and the DFT calculation indicate a 120 spin structure in ab plane with out-of-plane canting at low temperatures. With increasing magnetic field, the 120 spin structure evolves intomore » up-up-down (uud) and oblique phases showing successive magnetic phase transitions, which fits well to the theoretical prediction for the 2D Heisenberg TLAF with classical spins. Ultimately, multiferroicity is observed when the spins are not collinear but suppressed in the uud and oblique phases.« less

  8. Two spin-canting textures in the antiferromagnetic phase AF1 of MnWO4 based on the new polar atomistic model in P2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, S.-H.; Liu, B.-Q.; Behal, D.; Pedersen, B.; Schneidewind, A.

    2018-04-01

    The low temperature antiferromagnetic (AF) phase of MnWO4 (the so-called AF1 phase) exhibits different spin-canting configurations at two Mn2+ sublattices of the (3  +  1)-dimensional magnetic structure. The suggested superspace group {{\\boldsymbol P}}2.1^\\prime(α, 1/2, γ)0s is a significant consequence of the polar space group {{\\boldsymbol P}} 2 true for the nuclear structure of MnWO4. Density functional theory calculations showed that its ground state prefers this two spin-canting system. The structural difference between two independent atomic sites for Mn (Mn a , Mn b ) is too small to allow microscopically detectable electric polarisation. However, this hidden intrinsic polar character allows AF1 two commensurately modulated spin-canting textures. This is considered as the prerequisite onset of the improper ferroelectricity enhanced by the helical spin order in the multiferroic phase AF2 of MnWO4.

  9. Intrinsic crystal phase separation in the antiferromagnetic superconductor Rb(y)Fe(2-x)Se2: a diffraction study.

    PubMed

    Yu Pomjakushin, V; Krzton-Maziopa, A; Pomjakushina, E V; Conder, K; Chernyshov, D; Svitlyk, V; Bosak, A

    2012-10-31

    The crystal and magnetic structures of the superconducting iron-based chalcogenides Rb(y)Fe(2-x)Se(2) have been studied by means of single-crystal synchrotron x-ray and high-resolution neutron powder diffraction in the temperature range 2-570 K. The ground state of the crystal is an intrinsically phase-separated state with two distinct-by-symmetry phases. The main phase has the iron vacancy ordered √5 × √5 superstructure (I4/m space group) with AFM ordered Fe spins. The minority phase does not have √5 × √5-type of ordering and has a smaller in-plane lattice constant a and larger tetragonal c-axis and can be well described by assuming the parent average vacancy disordered structure (I4/mmm space group) with the refined stoichiometry Rb(0.60(5))(Fe(1.10(5))Se)(2). The minority phase amounts to 8-10% mass fraction. The unit cell volume of the minority phase is 3.2% smaller than the one of the main phase at T = 2 K and has quite different temperature dependence. The minority phase merges with the main vacancy ordered phase on heating above the phase separation temperature T(P) = 475 K. The spatial dimensions of the phase domains strongly increase above T(P) from 1000 to >2500 Å due to the integration of the regions of the main phase that were separated by the second phase at low temperatures. Additional annealing of the crystals at a temperature T = 488 K, close to T(P), for a long time drastically reduces the amount of the minority phase.

  10. Fluctuation in the Intermediate Magnetic Phase of Triangular Ising Antiferromagnet (CeS)1.16[Fe0.33(NbS2)2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Michioka, Chishiro; Suzuki, Kazuya; Mibu, Ko

    2002-10-01

    We applied 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy for investigating the Ising spin triangular lattice antiferromagnet (TLA) (CeS)1.16[Fe0.33(NbS2)2] between 2 and 300 K. The spectra revealed that the relaxation time of the hyperfine field markedly changes in the intermediate phase between TN1=22 K and TN2=15 K due to strong spin fluctuation. The relaxation of the hyperfine field is not sufficiently fast as a paramagnet even at 77 K, which is much higher than TN1, and the inverse susceptibility of (LaS)1.14[Fe0.33(NbS2)2] deviates from the Curie-Weiss law below 100 K. These results indicate that an unusual short-range order exists above TN1. The temperature dependence of the Mössbauer spectra can be explained by phase transition of the three-dimensional TLA model with weak interlayer exchange interactions.

  11. Phase diagrams and free-energy landscapes for model spin-crossover materials with antiferromagnetic-like nearest-neighbor and ferromagnetic-like long-range interactions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chan, C. H.; Brown, G.; Rikvold, P. A.

    2017-11-01

    We present phase diagrams, free-energy landscapes, and order-parameter distributions for a model spin-crossover material with a two-step transition between the high-spin and low-spin states (a square-lattice Ising model with antiferromagnetic-like nearest-neighbor and ferromagnetic-like long-range interactions) [P. A. Rikvold et al., Phys. Rev. B 93, 064109 (2016), 10.1103/PhysRevB.93.064109]. The results are obtained by a recently introduced, macroscopically constrained Wang-Landau Monte Carlo simulation method [Phys. Rev. E 95, 053302 (2017), 10.1103/PhysRevE.95.053302]. The method's computational efficiency enables calculation of thermodynamic quantities for a wide range of temperatures, applied fields, and long-range interaction strengths. For long-range interactions of intermediate strength, tricritical points in the phase diagrams are replaced by pairs of critical end points and mean-field critical points that give rise to horn-shaped regions of metastability. The corresponding free-energy landscapes offer insights into the nature of asymmetric, multiple hysteresis loops that have been experimentally observed in spin-crossover materials characterized by competing short-range interactions and long-range elastic interactions.

  12. Antiferromagnetic opto-spintronics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Němec, P.; Fiebig, M.; Kampfrath, T.; Kimel, A. V.

    2018-03-01

    Control and detection of spin order in ferromagnetic materials is the main principle enabling magnetic information to be stored and read in current technologies. Antiferromagnetic materials, on the other hand, are far less utilized, despite having some appealing features. For instance, the absence of net magnetization and stray fields eliminates crosstalk between neighbouring devices, and the absence of a primary macroscopic magnetization makes spin manipulation in antiferromagnets inherently faster than in ferromagnets. However, control of spins in antiferromagnets requires exceedingly high magnetic fields, and antiferromagnetic order cannot be detected with conventional magnetometry. Here we provide an overview and illustrative examples of how electromagnetic radiation can be used for probing and modification of the magnetic order in antiferromagnets. We also discuss possible research directions that are anticipated to be among the main topics defining the future of this rapidly developing field.

  13. Comparative study on the roles of anisotropic epitaxial strain and chemical doping in inducing the antiferromagnetic insulator phase in manganite films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jin, Feng; Feng, Qiyuan; Guo, Zhuang; Lan, Da; Wang, Lingfei; Gao, Guanyin; Xu, Haoran; Chen, Binbin; Chen, Feng; Lu, Qingyou; Wu, Wenbin

    2017-11-01

    Epitaxial strain and chemical doping are two different methods that are commonly used to tune the physical properties of epitaxial perovskite oxide films, but their cooperative effects are less addressed. Here we try to tune the phase separation (PS) in (La1-xP rx) 2 /3C a1 /3Mn O3 (0 ≤x ≤0.4 , LPCMO) films via cooperatively controlling the anisotropic epitaxial strain (AES) and the Pr doping. These films are grown simultaneously on NdGa O3(110 ) ,(LaAlO3) 0.3(SrAl0.5Ta0.5O3 ) 0.7(001 ) , and NdGa O3(001 ) substrates with progressively increased in-plane AES, and probed by x-ray diffraction, magnetotransport, and magnetic force microscopy (MFM) measurements. Although it is known that for x =0 the AES can enhance the orthorhombicity of the films yielding a phase diagram with the antiferromagnetic charge-ordered insulator (AF-COI) state induced, which is quite different from the bulk one, we illustrate that the Pr doping can further drive the films towards a more robust COI state. This cooperative effect is reflected by the increasing magnetic fields needed to melt the COI phase as a function of AES and the doping level. More strikingly, by directly imaging the phase competition morphology of the LPCMO /NdGa O3(001 ) films via MFM, we find that during COI melting the PS domain structure is subject to both AES and the quenched disorder. However, in the reverse process, as the magnetic field is decreased, the COI phase reappears and the AES dominates leaving a crystalline-orientation determined self-organized microstructure. This finding suggests that the PS states and the domain configurations can be selectively controlled by the AES and/or the quenched disorder, which may shed some light on the engineering of PS domains for device fabrications.

  14. Nanoscale phase separation of antiferromagnetic order and superconductivity in K0.75Fe1.75Se2

    PubMed Central

    Yuan, R. H.; Dong, T.; Song, Y. J.; Zheng, P.; Chen, G. F.; Hu, J. P.; Li, J. Q.; Wang, N. L.

    2012-01-01

    We report an in-plane optical spectroscopy study on the iron-selenide superconductor K0.75Fe1.75Se2. The measurement revealed the development of a sharp reflectance edge below Tc at frequency much smaller than the superconducting energy gap on a relatively incoherent electronic background, a phenomenon which was not seen in any other Fe-based superconductors so far investigated. Furthermore, the feature could be noticeably suppressed and shifted to lower frequency by a moderate magnetic field. Our analysis indicates that this edge structure arises from the development of a Josephson-coupling plasmon in the superconducting condensate. Together with the transmission electron microscopy analysis, our study yields compelling evidence for the presence of nanoscale phase separation between superconductivity and magnetism. The results also enable us to understand various seemingly controversial experimental data probed from different techniques. PMID:22355735

  15. Perspectives of antiferromagnetic spintronics

    SciTech Connect

    Jungfleisch, Matthias B.; Zhang, Wei; Hoffmann, Axel

    2018-04-01

    Antiferromagnets are promising for future spintronics applications owing to their interesting properties: They are magnetically ordered, but neighboring magnetic moments point in opposite directions which results in zero net magneti- zation. This means antiferromagnets produce no stray fields and are insensitive to external magnetic field perturbations. Furthermore, they show intrinsic high frequency dynamics, exhibit considerable spin-orbit and magneto-transport effects. Over the past decade, it has been realized that antiferromagnets have more to offer than just being utilized as passive components in exchange bias applications. This development resulted in a paradigm shift, which opens the pathway to novel concepts using antiferromagnetsmore » for spin-based technologies and applications. This article gives a broad per- spective on antiferromagnetic spintronics. In particular, the manipulation and detection of anitferromagnetic states by spintronics effects, as well as spin transport and dynamics in antiferromagnetic materials will be discussed. We will also outline current challenges and future research directions in this emerging field.« less

  16. Antiferromagnetic spin current rectifier

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khymyn, Roman; Tiberkevich, Vasil; Slavin, Andrei

    2017-05-01

    It is shown theoretically, that an antiferromagnetic dielectric with bi-axial anisotropy, such as NiO, can be used for the rectification of linearly-polarized AC spin current. The AC spin current excites two evanescent modes in the antiferromagnet, which, in turn, create DC spin current flowing back through the antiferromagnetic surface. Spin diode based on this effect can be used in future spintronic devices as direct detector of spin current in the millimeter- and submillimeter-wave bands. The sensitivity of such a spin diode is comparable to the sensitivity of modern electric Schottky diodes and lies in the range 102-103 V/W for 30 ×30 nm2 structure.

  17. Metallic and antiferromagnetic fixed points from gravity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Paul, Chandrima

    2018-06-01

    We consider SU(2) × U(1) gauge theory coupled to matter field in adjoints and study RG group flow. We constructed Callan-Symanzik equation and subsequent β functions and study the fixed points. We find there are two fixed points, showing metallic and antiferromagnetic behavior. We have shown that metallic phase develops an instability if certain parametric conditions are satisfied.

  18. Mermin-Wagner physics, (H ,T ) phase diagram, and candidate quantum spin-liquid phase in the spin-1/2 triangular-lattice antiferromagnet Ba8CoNb6O24

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cui, Y.; Dai, J.; Zhou, P.; Wang, P. S.; Li, T. R.; Song, W. H.; Wang, J. C.; Ma, L.; Zhang, Z.; Li, S. Y.; Luke, G. M.; Normand, B.; Xiang, T.; Yu, W.

    2018-04-01

    Ba8CoNb6O24 presents a system whose Co2 + ions have an effective spin 1/2 and construct a regular triangular-lattice antiferromagnet (TLAFM) with a very large interlayer spacing, ensuring purely two-dimensional character. We exploit this ideal realization to perform a detailed experimental analysis of the S =1 /2 TLAFM, which is one of the keystone models in frustrated quantum magnetism. We find strong low-energy spin fluctuations and no magnetic ordering, but a diverging correlation length down to 0.1 K, indicating a Mermin-Wagner trend toward zero-temperature order. Below 0.1 K, however, our low-field measurements show an unexpected magnetically disordered state, which is a candidate quantum spin liquid. We establish the (H ,T ) phase diagram, mapping in detail the quantum fluctuation corrections to the available theoretical analysis. These include a strong upshift in field of the maximum ordering temperature, qualitative changes to both low- and high-field phase boundaries, and an ordered regime apparently dominated by the collinear "up-up-down" state. Ba8CoNb6O24 , therefore, offers fresh input for the development of theoretical approaches to the field-induced quantum phase transitions of the S =1 /2 Heisenberg TLAFM.

  19. Piezo-antiferromagnetic effect of sawtooth-like graphene nanoribbons

    SciTech Connect

    Zhao, Shangqian; Lu, Yan; Zhang, Yuchun

    2014-05-19

    A type of sawtooth-like graphene nanoribbon (SGNR) with piezo-antiferromagnetic effect is studied numerically. The ground state of the studied SGNR changes from nonmagnetic state to antiferromagnetic state with uniaxial strain. The changes of the spin-charge distributions during the stretching are investigated. The Hubbard model reveals that the hopping integrals between the π-orbitals of the carbon atoms are responsible to the piezo-antiferromagnetic effect. The study sheds light on the application of graphene-based structures to nanosensors and spintronic devices.

  20. Antiferromagnetic Chern Insulators in Noncentrosymmetric Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jiang, Kun; Zhou, Sen; Dai, Xi; Wang, Ziqiang

    2018-04-01

    We investigate a new class of topological antiferromagnetic (AF) Chern insulators driven by electronic interactions in two-dimensional systems without inversion symmetry. Despite the absence of a net magnetization, AF Chern insulators (AFCI) possess a nonzero Chern number C and exhibit the quantum anomalous Hall effect (QAHE). Their existence is guaranteed by the bifurcation of the boundary line of Weyl points between a quantum spin Hall insulator and a topologically trivial phase with the emergence of AF long-range order. As a concrete example, we study the phase structure of the honeycomb lattice Kane-Mele model as a function of the inversion-breaking ionic potential and the Hubbard interaction. We find an easy z axis C =1 AFCI phase and a spin-flop transition to a topologically trivial x y plane collinear antiferromagnet. We propose experimental realizations of the AFCI and QAHE in correlated electron materials and cold atom systems.

  1. Spin transport across antiferromagnets induced by the spin Seebeck effect

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cramer, Joel; Ritzmann, Ulrike; Dong, Bo-Wen; Jaiswal, Samridh; Qiu, Zhiyong; Saitoh, Eiji; Nowak, Ulrich; Kläui, Mathias

    2018-04-01

    For prospective spintronics devices based on the propagation of pure spin currents, antiferromagnets are an interesting class of materials that potentially entail a number of advantages as compared to ferromagnets. Here, we present a detailed theoretical study of magnonic spin current transport in ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic multilayers by using atomistic spin dynamics simulations. The relevant length scales of magnonic spin transport in antiferromagnets are determined. We demonstrate the transfer of angular momentum from a ferromagnet into an antiferromagnet due to the excitation of only one magnon branch in the antiferromagnet. As an experimental system, we ascertain the transport across an antiferromagnet in Y3Fe5O12 |Ir20Mn80|Pt heterostructures. We determine the spin transport signals for spin currents generated in the Y3Fe5O12 by the spin Seebeck effect and compare to measurements of the spin Hall magnetoresistance in the heterostructure stack. By means of temperature-dependent and thickness-dependent measurements, we deduce conclusions on the spin transport mechanism across Ir20Mn80 and furthermore correlate it to its paramagnetic-antiferromagnetic phase transition.

  2. Diamond lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oitmaa, J.

    2018-04-01

    We investigate ground-state and high-temperature properties of the nearest-neighbour Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the three-dimensional diamond lattice, using series expansion methods. The ground-state energy and magnetization, as well as the magnon spectrum, are calculated and found to be in good agreement with first-order spin-wave theory, with a quantum renormalization factor of about 1.13. High-temperature series are derived for the free energy, and physical and staggered susceptibilities for spin S  =  1/2, 1 and 3/2, and analysed to obtain the corresponding Curie and Néel temperatures.

  3. Antiferromagnetic spin Seebeck effect.

    SciTech Connect

    Wu, Stephen M.; Zhang, Wei; KC, Amit

    2016-03-03

    We report on the observation of the spin Seebeck effect in antiferromagnetic MnF2. A device scale on-chip heater is deposited on a bilayer of MnF2 (110) (30nm)/Pt (4 nm) grown by molecular beam epitaxy on a MgF2(110) substrate. Using Pt as a spin detector layer, it is possible to measure the thermally generated spin current from MnF2 through the inverse spin Hall effect. The low temperature (2–80 K) and high magnetic field (up to 140 kOe) regime is explored. A clear spin-flop transition corresponding to the sudden rotation of antiferromagnetic spins out of the easy axis is observed in themore » spin Seebeck signal when large magnetic fields (>9T) are applied parallel to the easy axis of the MnF2 thin film. When the magnetic field is applied perpendicular to the easy axis, the spin-flop transition is absent, as expected.« less

  4. Antiferromagnetic Spin Seebeck Effect

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Stephen M.; Zhang, Wei; KC, Amit; Borisov, Pavel; Pearson, John E.; Jiang, J. Samuel; Lederman, David; Hoffmann, Axel; Bhattacharya, Anand

    2016-03-01

    We report on the observation of the spin Seebeck effect in antiferromagnetic MnF2 . A device scale on-chip heater is deposited on a bilayer of MnF2 (110) (30 nm )/Pt (4 nm) grown by molecular beam epitaxy on a MgF2 (110) substrate. Using Pt as a spin detector layer, it is possible to measure the thermally generated spin current from MnF2 through the inverse spin Hall effect. The low temperature (2-80 K) and high magnetic field (up to 140 kOe) regime is explored. A clear spin-flop transition corresponding to the sudden rotation of antiferromagnetic spins out of the easy axis is observed in the spin Seebeck signal when large magnetic fields (>9 T ) are applied parallel to the easy axis of the MnF2 thin film. When the magnetic field is applied perpendicular to the easy axis, the spin-flop transition is absent, as expected.

  5. Field-Induced Magnetic Phase Transitions in a Triangular Lattice Antiferromagnet CuFeO 2 up to 14.5 T

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mitsuda, Setsuo; Mase, Motoshi; Prokes, K.; Kitazawa, Hideaki; Katori, H.

    2000-11-01

    Neutron diffraction studies on a frustrated triangular lattice antiferromagnet (TLA) CuFeO2 have been performed under an applied magnetic field up to 14.5 T. The first-field-induced state was found to be not the commensurate 5-sublattice (↑↑↑↓↓) magnetic state but rather an incommensurate complex helical state reflecting the Heisenberg spin character of orbital singlet Fe3+ magnetic ions. In contrast, the second-field-induced state was found to be the 5-sublattice (↑↑↑↓↓) magnetic state predicted by the two-dimensional (2D) Ising spin TLA model with competing exchange interactions up to the 3rd neighbors.

  6. Quantum phase diagram of distorted J 1 - J 2 Heisenberg S  =  1/2 antiferromagnet in honeycomb lattice: a modified spin wave study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ghorbani, Elaheh; Shahbazi, Farhad; Mosadeq, Hamid

    2016-10-01

    Using the modified spin wave method, we study the {{J}1}-{{J}2} Heisenberg model with first and second neighbor antiferromagnetic exchange interactions. For a symmetric S  =  1/2 model, with the same couplings for all the equivalent neighbors, we find three phases in terms of the frustration parameter \\barα={{J}2}/{{J}1} : (1) a commensurate collinear ordering with staggered magnetization (Néel.I state) for 0≤slant \\barα≲ 0.207 , (2) a magnetically gapped disordered state for 0.207≲ \\barα≲ 0.369 , preserving all the symmetries of the Hamiltonian and lattice, which by definition is a quantum spin liquid (QSL) state and (3) a commensurate collinear ordering in which two out of the three nearest neighbor magnetizations are antiparallel and the remaining pair are parallel (Néel.II state), for 0.396≲ \\barα≤slant 1 . We also explore the phase diagram of a distorted {{J}1}-{{J}2} model with S  =  1/2. Distortion is introduced as an inequality of one nearest neighbor coupling with the other two. This yields a richer phase diagram by the appearance of a new gapped QSL, a gapless QSL and also a valence bond crystal phase in addition to the previous three phases found for the undistorted model.

  7. Thermodynamic and critical properties of an antiferromagnetically stacked triangular Ising antiferromagnet in a field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Žukovič, M.; Borovský, M.; Bobák, A.

    2018-05-01

    We study a stacked triangular lattice Ising model with both intra- and inter-plane antiferromagnetic interactions in a field, by Monte Carlo simulation. We find only one phase transition from a paramagnetic to a partially disordered phase, which is of second order and 3D XY universality class. At low temperatures we identify two highly degenerate phases: at smaller (larger) fields the system shows long-range ordering in the stacking direction (within planes) but not in the planes (stacking direction). Nevertheless, crossovers to these phases do not have a character of conventional phase transitions but rather linear-chain-like excitations.

  8. Identifying Two-Dimensional Z 2 Antiferromagnetic Topological Insulators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bègue, F.; Pujol, P.; Ramazashvili, R.

    2018-01-01

    We revisit the question of whether a two-dimensional topological insulator may arise in a commensurate Néel antiferromagnet, where staggered magnetization breaks the symmetry with respect to both elementary translation and time reversal, but retains their product as a symmetry. In contrast to the so-called Z 2 topological insulators, an exhaustive characterization of antiferromagnetic topological phases with the help of topological invariants has been missing. We analyze a simple model of an antiferromagnetic topological insulator and chart its phase diagram, using a recently proposed criterion for centrosymmetric systems [13]. We then adapt two methods, originally designed for paramagnetic systems, and make antiferromagnetic topological phases manifest. The proposed methods apply far beyond the particular examples treated in this work, and admit straightforward generalization. We illustrate this by two examples of non-centrosymmetric systems, where no simple criteria have been known to identify topological phases. We also present, for some cases, an explicit construction of edge states in an antiferromagnetic topological insulator.

  9. Antiferromagnetic inclusions in lunar glass

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Thorpe, A.N.; Senftle, F.E.; Briggs, Charles; Alexander, Corrine

    1974-01-01

    The magnetic susceptibility of 11 glass spherules from the Apollo 15, 16, and 17 fines and two specimens of a relatively large glass spherical shell were studied as a function of temperature from room temperature to liquid helium temperatures. All but one specimen showed the presence of antiferromagnetic inclusions. Closely spaced temperature measurements of the magnetic susceptibility below 77 K on five of the specimens showed antiferromagnetic temperature transitions (Ne??el transitions). With the exception of ilmenite in one specimen, these transitions did not correspond to any transitions in known antiferromagnetic compounds. ?? 1974.

  10. Tunable Noncollinear Antiferromagnetic Resistive Memory through Oxide Superlattice Design

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hoffman, Jason D.; Wu, Stephen M.; Kirby, Brian J.; Bhattacharya, Anand

    2018-04-01

    Antiferromagnets (AFMs) have recently gathered a large amount of attention as a potential replacement for ferromagnets (FMs) in spintronic devices due to their lack of stray magnetic fields, invisibility to external magnetic probes, and faster magnetization dynamics. Their development into a practical technology, however, has been hampered by the small number of materials where the antiferromagnetic state can be both controlled and read out. We show that by relaxing the strict criterion on pure antiferromagnetism, we can engineer an alternative class of magnetic materials that overcome these limitations. This is accomplished by stabilizing a noncollinear magnetic phase in LaNiO3 /La2 /3Sr1 /3MnO3 superlattices. This state can be continuously tuned between AFM and FM coupling through varying the superlattice spacing, strain, applied magnetic field, or temperature. By using this alternative "knob" to tune magnetic ordering, we take a nanoscale materials-by-design approach to engineering ferromagneticlike controllability into antiferromagnetic synthetic magnetic structures. This approach can be used to trade-off between the favorable and unfavorable properties of FMs and AFMs when designing realistic resistive antiferromagnetic memories. We demonstrate a memory device in one such superlattice, where the magnetic state of the noncollinear antiferromagnet is reversibly switched between different orientations using a small magnetic field and read out in real time with anisotropic magnetoresistance measurements.

  11. Walls, anomalies, and deconfinement in quantum antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Komargodski, Zohar; Sulejmanpasic, Tin; Ünsal, Mithat

    2018-02-01

    We consider the Abelian-Higgs model in 2 +1 dimensions with instanton-monopole defects. This model is closely related to the phases of quantum antiferromagnets. In the presence of Z2 preserving monopole operators, there are two confining ground states in the monopole phase, corresponding to the valence bond solid (VBS) phase of quantum magnets. We show that the domain wall carries a 't Hooft anomaly in this case. The anomaly can be saturated by, e.g., charge-conjugation breaking on the wall or by the domain wall theory becoming gapless (a gapless model that saturates the anomaly is S U (2) 1 WZW). Either way the fundamental scalar particles (i.e., spinons) which are confined in the bulk are deconfined on the domain wall. This Z2 phase can be realized either with spin-1/2 on a rectangular lattice or spin-1 on a square lattice. In both cases the domain wall contains spin-1/2 particles (which are absent in the bulk). We discuss the possible relation to recent lattice simulations of domain walls in VBS. We further generalize the discussion to Abrikosov-Nielsen-Olsen (ANO) vortices in a dual superconductor of the Abelian-Higgs model in 3 +1 dimensions and to the easy-plane limit of antiferromagnets. In the latter case the wall can undergo a variant of the BKT transition (consistent with the anomalies) while the bulk is still gapped. The same is true for the easy-axis limit of antiferromagnets. We also touch upon some analogies to Yang-Mills theory.

  12. The delayed-detonation model of a type Ia supernovae. 1: The deflagration phase

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Arnett, David; Livne, Eli

    1994-01-01

    The nature of the 'delayed detonation' mechanism of Khokhlov for the explosion of Type Ia supernovae is investigated by using two-dimensional numerical hydrodynamics simulations. A new algorithm is used to treat the deflagration front. Assuming that it propagates locally at the laminar flame speed, the deflagration is insufficient to unbind the star. Expansion shuts of the flame; much of this small production of iron group nuclei occurs at lower densities, which reduces the electron-capture problem. The burning front does become wrinkled, but the wavelength of the instability is much larger than the computational grid size and is resolved; this is consistent with previous analysis. Because the degenerate star has an adiabatic exponent only slightly above 4/3, the energy released by deflagration drives a pulsation of large amplitude. During the first expansion phase, adiabatic cooling shuts off the burning, and a Rayleigh-Taylor instability then gives mixing of high-entropy ashes with low-entropy fuel. During the first contraction phase, compressional heating reignites the material. This paper deals with the deflagration phase, from the onset of burning, through expansion and quenching of the flame, to the first contraction.

  13. DFT with larger supercells explains the band gap formation in the antiferromagnetic and paramagnetic phases of the Mott insulators MnO, FeO, CoO, and NiO

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zunger, Alex; Trimarchi, Giancarlo

    The existence of large band gaps both in the antiferromagnetic (AFM) and the paramagnetic (PM) phases of the classic Mott insulators MnO, FeO, CoO, and NiO has traditionally been discussed in terms of theoretical methods requiring both (i) simple (often primitive) unit cells and (ii) correlated-electron methodologies. We show that if condition (i) is avoided (by using supercells, such as PM special quasi-random structures, in which chemically identical atoms can have different local environments), then even without condition (ii) one can describe the gaps and moments within a single-determinant DFT band structure approach. In this approach gapping is caused by basic structure, magnetism, and bonding effects underlying DFT, not via dynamic correlation (absent from DFT). As long as correlation is simplistically considered as ``anything that DFT does not get right'', gap formation in the AFM and PM phases is not due to correlation. This result defines the minimal theoretical methods needed to explain gapping and points to the possibility that some transition-metal oxides generally considered to have localized electrons detrimental to transport, could, in fact, rejoin the family of electronic semiconductors, to the benefit of a carrier transport technologies. A. Z. supported by DOE-OS-BES-MSE, Grant DE-FG02-13ER46959.

  14. A Bragg glass phase in the vortex lattice of a type II superconductor.

    PubMed

    Klein, T; Joumard, I; Blanchard, S; Marcus, J; Cubitt, R; Giamarchi, T; Le Doussal, P

    2001-09-27

    Although crystals are usually quite stable, they are sensitive to a disordered environment: even an infinitesimal amount of impurities can lead to the destruction of crystalline order. The resulting state of matter has been a long-standing puzzle. Until recently it was believed to be an amorphous state in which the crystal would break into 'crystallites'. But a different theory predicts the existence of a novel phase of matter: the so-called Bragg glass, which is a glass and yet nearly as ordered as a perfect crystal. The 'lattice' of vortices that contain magnetic flux in type II superconductors provide a good system to investigate these ideas. Here we show that neutron-diffraction data of the vortex lattice provides unambiguous evidence for a weak, power-law decay of the crystalline order characteristic of a Bragg glass. The theory also predicts accurately the electrical transport properties of superconductors; it naturally explains the observed phase transitions and the dramatic jumps in the critical current associated with the melting of the Bragg glass. Moreover, the model explains experiments as diverse as X-ray scattering in disordered liquid crystals and the conductivity of electronic crystals.

  15. Search for a nematic phase in the quasi-two-dimensional antiferromagnet CuCrO2 by NMR in an electric field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sakhratov, Yu. A.; Kweon, J. J.; Choi, E. S.; Zhou, H. D.; Svistov, L. E.; Reyes, A. P.

    2018-03-01

    The magnetic phase diagram of CuCrO2 was studied with an alternative method of simultaneous Cu NMR and electric polarization techniques with the primary goal of demonstrating that, regardless of cooling history of the sample, the magnetic phase with specific helmet-shaped NMR spectra associated with interplanar disorder possesses electric polarization. Our result unequivocally confirms the assumption of Sakhratov et al. [Phys. Rev. B 94, 094410 (2016), 10.1103/PhysRevB.94.094410] that the high-field low-temperature phase is in fact a three-dimensional (3D) polar phase characterized by a 3D magnetic order with tensor order parameter. In comparison with the results obtained in pulsed fields, a modified phase diagram is introduced defining the upper boundary of the first-order transition from the 3D spiral to the 3D polar phase.

  16. Effect of the carbide phase on the tribological properties of high-manganese antiferromagnetic austenitic steels alloyed with vanadium and molybdenum

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Korshunov, L. G.; Kositsina, I. I.; Sagaradze, V. V.; Chernenko, N. L.

    2011-07-01

    Effect of special carbides (VC, M 6C, Mo2C) on the wear resistance and friction coefficient of austenitic stable ( M s below -196°C) antiferromagnetic ( T N = 40-60°C) steels 80G20F2, 80G20M2, and 80G20F2M2 has been studied. The structure and the effective strength (microhardness H surf, shear resistance τ) of the surface layer of these steels have been studied using optical and electron microscopy. It has been shown that the presence of coarse particles of primary special carbides in the steels 80G20F2, 80G20M2, and 80G20F2M2 quenched from 1150°C decreases the effective strength and the resistance to adhesive and abrasive wear of these materials. This is caused by the negative effect of carbide particles on the toughness of steels and by a decrease in the carbon content in austenite due to a partial binding of carbon into the above-mentioned carbides. The aging of quenched steels under conditions providing the maximum hardness (650°C for 10 h) exerts a substantial positive effect on the parameters of the effective strength ( H surf, τ) of the surface layer and, correspondingly, on the resistance of steels to various types of wear (abrasive, adhesive, and caused by the boundary friction). The maximum positive effect of aging on the wear resistance is observed upon adhesive wear of the steels under consideration. Upon friction with enhanced sliding velocities (to 4 m/s) under conditions of intense (to 500-600°C) friction-induced heating, the 80G20F2, 80G20M2, and, especially, 80G20F2M2 steels subjected to quenching and aging substantially exceed the 110G13 (Hadfield) steel in their tribological properties. This is due to the presence in these steels of a favorable combination of high effective strength and friction heat resistance of the surface layer, which result from the presence of a large amount of special carbides in these steels and from a high degree of alloying of the matrix of these steels by vanadium and molybdenum. In the process of friction

  17. Ising antiferromagnet on the Archimedean lattices.

    PubMed

    Yu, Unjong

    2015-06-01

    Geometric frustration effects were studied systematically with the Ising antiferromagnet on the 11 Archimedean lattices using the Monte Carlo methods. The Wang-Landau algorithm for static properties (specific heat and residual entropy) and the Metropolis algorithm for a freezing order parameter were adopted. The exact residual entropy was also found. Based on the degree of frustration and dynamic properties, ground states of them were determined. The Shastry-Sutherland lattice and the trellis lattice are weakly frustrated and have two- and one-dimensional long-range-ordered ground states, respectively. The bounce, maple-leaf, and star lattices have the spin ice phase. The spin liquid phase appears in the triangular and kagome lattices.

  18. Ising antiferromagnet on the Archimedean lattices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Unjong

    2015-06-01

    Geometric frustration effects were studied systematically with the Ising antiferromagnet on the 11 Archimedean lattices using the Monte Carlo methods. The Wang-Landau algorithm for static properties (specific heat and residual entropy) and the Metropolis algorithm for a freezing order parameter were adopted. The exact residual entropy was also found. Based on the degree of frustration and dynamic properties, ground states of them were determined. The Shastry-Sutherland lattice and the trellis lattice are weakly frustrated and have two- and one-dimensional long-range-ordered ground states, respectively. The bounce, maple-leaf, and star lattices have the spin ice phase. The spin liquid phase appears in the triangular and kagome lattices.

  19. How to manipulate magnetic states of antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Song, Cheng; You, Yunfeng; Chen, Xianzhe; Zhou, Xiaofeng; Wang, Yuyan; Pan, Feng

    2018-03-01

    Antiferromagnetic materials, which have drawn considerable attention recently, have fascinating features: they are robust against perturbation, produce no stray fields, and exhibit ultrafast dynamics. Discerning how to efficiently manipulate the magnetic state of an antiferromagnet is key to the development of antiferromagnetic spintronics. In this review, we introduce four main methods (magnetic, strain, electrical, and optical) to mediate the magnetic states and elaborate on intrinsic origins of different antiferromagnetic materials. Magnetic control includes a strong magnetic field, exchange bias, and field cooling, which are traditional and basic. Strain control involves the magnetic anisotropy effect or metamagnetic transition. Electrical control can be divided into two parts, electric field and electric current, both of which are convenient for practical applications. Optical control includes thermal and electronic excitation, an inertia-driven mechanism, and terahertz laser control, with the potential for ultrafast antiferromagnetic manipulation. This review sheds light on effective usage of antiferromagnets and provides a new perspective on antiferromagnetic spintronics.

  20. Pressure-driven phase transition from antiferromagnetic semiconductor to nonmagnetic metal in the two-leg ladders A Fe 2 X 3 ( A = Ba , K ; X = S , Se )

    DOE PAGES

    Zhang, Yang; Lin, Lingfang; Zhang, Jun -Jie; ...

    2017-03-15

    The recent discovery of superconductivity in BaFe 2S 3 has stimulated considerable interest in 123-type iron chalcogenides. This material is the first reported iron-based two-leg ladder superconductor, as opposed to the prevailing two-dimensional layered structures of the iron superconductor family. Once the hydrostatic pressure exceeds 11 GPa, BaFe 2S 3 changes from a semiconductor to a superconductor below 24 K. Although previous calculations correctly explained its ground-state magnetic state and electronic structure, the pressure-induced phase transition was not successfully reproduced. In this work, our first-principles calculations show that with increasing pressure the lattice constants as well as local magnetic momentsmore » are gradually suppressed, followed by a first-order magnetic transition at a critical pressure, with local magnetic moments dropping to zero suddenly. Our calculations suggest that the self-doping caused by electrons transferred from S to Fe may play a key role in this transition. The development of a nonmagnetic metallic phase at high pressure may pave the way to superconductivity. As extensions of this effort, two other 123-type iron chalcogenides, KFe 2S 3 and KFe 2Se 3, have also been investigated. KFe 2S 3 also displays a first-order transition with increasing pressure, but KFe 2Se 3 shows instead a second-order or weakly first-order transition. Here, the required pressures for KFe 2S 3 and KFe 2Se 3 to quench the magnetism are higher than for BaFe 2S 3. Further experiments could confirm the predicted first-order nature of the transition in BaFe 2S 3 and KFe 2S 3, as well as the possible metallic/superconductivity state in other 123-type iron chalcogenides under high pressure.« less

  1. Layer Anti-Ferromagnetism on Bilayer Honeycomb Lattice

    PubMed Central

    Tao, Hong-Shuai; Chen, Yao-Hua; Lin, Heng-Fu; Liu, Hai-Di; Liu, Wu-Ming

    2014-01-01

    Bilayer honeycomb lattice, with inter-layer tunneling energy, has a parabolic dispersion relation, and the inter-layer hopping can cause the charge imbalance between two sublattices. Here, we investigate the metal-insulator and magnetic phase transitions on the strongly correlated bilayer honeycomb lattice by cellular dynamical mean-field theory combined with continuous time quantum Monte Carlo method. The procedures of magnetic spontaneous symmetry breaking on dimer and non-dimer sites are different, causing a novel phase transition between normal anti-ferromagnet and layer anti-ferromagnet. The whole phase diagrams about the magnetism, temperature, interaction and inter-layer hopping are obtained. Finally, we propose an experimental protocol to observe these phenomena in future optical lattice experiments. PMID:24947369

  2. Antiferromagnetism and superconductivity in layered organic conductors: Variational cluster approach.

    PubMed

    Sahebsara, P; Sénéchal, D

    2006-12-22

    The kappa-(ET)2X layered conductors (where ET stands for BEDT-TTF) are studied within the dimer model as a function of the diagonal hopping t' and Hubbard repulsion U. Antiferromagnetism and d-wave superconductivity are investigated at zero temperature using variational cluster perturbation theory (VCPT). For large U, Néel antiferromagnetism exists for t' < t(c2)', with t(c2)' approximately 0.9. For fixed t', as U is decreased (or pressure increased), a d(x2-y2) superconducting phase appears. When U is decreased further, then a d(xy) order takes over. There is a critical value of t(c1)' approximately 0.8 of t' beyond which the AF and dSC phases are separated by the Mott disordered phase.

  3. Polymorphous band structure model of gapping in the antiferromagnetic and paramagnetic phases of the Mott insulators MnO, FeO, CoO, and NiO

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trimarchi, Giancarlo; Wang, Zhi; Zunger, Alex

    2018-01-01

    The existence of band gaps in both the antiferromagnetic (AFM) and paramagnetic (PM) phases of the classic NaCl-structure Mott insulators MnO, FeO, CoO, and NiO is traditionally viewed and taught as a manifestation of strong correlation whereby insulation results from electrons moving across the lattice forming states with doubly occupied d orbitals on certain atomic sites and empty d orbitals on other sites. Within such theories, the gap of the AFM and PM phases of these oxides emerges even in the absence of spatial symmetry breaking. The need for such a correlated picture is partially based on the known failure of the commonly used band models for the PM phase that assume for such a spin disordered state the macroscopically averaged NaCl structure, where all transition metal (TM) sites are symmetry-equivalent (a monomorphous description), producing a gapless PM state with zero magnetic moments, in sharp conflict with experiment. Here, we seek to understand the minimum theoretical description needed to capture the leading descriptors of ground state Mott insulation in the classic, 3 d monoxide Mott systems—gapping and moment formation in the AFM and PM phase. As noted by previous authors, the spin-ordered AFM phase in these materials already shows in band theory a significant band gap when one doubles the NaCl unit cell by permitting different potentials for transition-metal atoms with different spins. For the spin-disordered PM phase, we allow analogously larger NaCl-type supercells where each TM site can have different spin direction and local bonding environments (i.e., disordered), yet the total spin is zero. Such a polymorphous description has the flexibility to acquire symmetry-breaking energy-lowering patterns that can lift the degeneracy of the d orbitals and develop large on-site magnetic moments without violating the global, averaged NaCl symmetry. Electrons are exchanged between spin-up and spin-down bands to create closed-shell insulating

  4. Antiferromagnetic spinor condensates in a bichromatic superlattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tang, Tao; Zhao, Lichao; Chen, Zihe; Liu, Yingmei

    2017-04-01

    A spinor Bose-Einstein condensate in an optical supelattice has been considered as a good quantum simulator for understanding mesoscopic magnetism. We report an experimental study on an antiferromagnetic spinor condensate in a bichromatic superlattice constructed by a cubic red-detuned optical lattice and a one-dimensional blue-detuned optical lattice. Our data demonstrate a few advantages of this bichromatic superlattice over a monochromatic lattice. One distinct advantage is that the bichromatic superlattice enables realizing the first-order superfluid to Mott-insulator phase transitions within a much wider range of magnetic fields. In addition, we discuss an apparent discrepancy between our data and the mean-field theory. We thank the National Science Foundation and the Oklahoma Center for the Advancement of Science and Technology for financial support.

  5. Spin diffusion and torques in disordered antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Manchon, Aurelien

    2017-03-01

    We have developed a drift-diffusion equation of spin transport in collinear bipartite metallic antiferromagnets. Starting from a model tight-binding Hamiltonian, we obtain the quantum kinetic equation within Keldysh formalism and expand it to the lowest order in spatial gradient using Wigner expansion method. In the diffusive limit, these equations track the spatio-temporal evolution of the spin accumulations and spin currents on each sublattice of the antiferromagnet. We use these equations to address the nature of the spin transfer torque in (i) a spin-valve composed of a ferromagnet and an antiferromagnet, (ii) a metallic bilayer consisting of an antiferromagnet adjacent to a heavy metal possessing spin Hall effect, and in (iii) a single antiferromagnet possessing spin Hall effect. We show that the latter can experience a self-torque thanks to the non-vanishing spin Hall effect in the antiferromagnet.

  6. Mott localization in a pure stripe antiferromagnet Rb 1 - δ Fe 1.5 - σ S 2

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Meng; Yi, Ming; Cao, Huibo

    A combination of neutron diffraction and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy measurements on a pure antiferromagnetic stripe Rb 1-δFe 1.5-σS 2 is reported. A neutron diffraction experiment on a powder sample shows that a 98% volume fraction of the sample is in the antiferromagnetic stripe phase with rhombic iron vacancy order and a refined composition of Rb 0.66Fe 1.36S 2, and that only 2% of the sample is in the block antiferromagnetic phase with √5×√5 iron vacancy order. Furthermore, a neutron diffraction experiment on a single crystal shows that there is only a single phase with the stripe antiferromagnetic order with themore » refined composition of Rb 0.78Fe 1.35S 2, while the phase with block antiferromagnetic order is absent. Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy measurements on the same crystal with the pure stripe phase reveal that the electronic structure is gapped at the Fermi level with a gap larger than 0.325 eV. The data collectively demonstrate that the extra 10% iron vacancies in addition to the rhombic iron vacancy order effectively impede the formation of the block antiferromagnetic phase; the data also suggest that the stripe antiferromagnetic phase with rhombic iron vacancy order is a Mott insulator.« less

  7. Ultrafast Photoinduced Multimode Antiferromagnetic Spin Dynamics in Exchange-Coupled Fe/RFeO3 (R = Er or Dy) Heterostructures.

    PubMed

    Tang, Jin; Ke, Yajiao; He, Wei; Zhang, Xiangqun; Zhang, Wei; Li, Na; Zhang, Yongsheng; Li, Yan; Cheng, Zhaohua

    2018-05-25

    Antiferromagnetic spin dynamics is important for both fundamental and applied antiferromagnetic spintronic devices; however, it is rarely explored by external fields because of the strong exchange interaction in antiferromagnetic materials. Here, the photoinduced excitation of ultrafast antiferromagnetic spin dynamics is achieved by capping antiferromagnetic RFeO 3 (R = Er or Dy) with an exchange-coupled ferromagnetic Fe film. Compared with antiferromagnetic spin dynamics of bare RFeO 3 orthoferrite single crystals, which can be triggered effectively by ultrafast laser heating just below the phase transition temperature, the ultrafast photoinduced multimode antiferromagnetic spin dynamic modes, for exchange-coupled Fe/RFeO 3 heterostructures, including quasiferromagnetic resonance, impurity, coherent phonon, and quasiantiferromagnetic modes, are observed in a temperature range of 10-300 K. These experimental results not only offer an effective means to trigger ultrafast antiferromagnetic spin dynamics of rare-earth orthoferrites, but also shed light on the ultrafast manipulation of antiferromagnetic magnetization in Fe/RFeO 3 heterostructures. © 2018 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  8. Spin-flop states in a synthetic antiferromagnet and variations of unidirectional anisotropy in FeMn-based spin valves

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Milyaev, M. A.; Naumova, L. I.; Chernyshova, T. A.; Proglyado, V. V.; Kulesh, N. A.; Patrakov, E. I.; Kamenskii, I. Yu.; Ustinov, V. V.

    2016-12-01

    Spin valves with a synthetic antiferromagnet have been prepared by magnetron sputtering. Regularities of the formation of single- and two-phase spin-flop states in the synthetic antiferromagnet have been studied using magnetoresistance measurements and imaging the magnetic structure. A thermomagnetic treatment of spin valve in a field that corresponds to the single-phase spin-flop state of synthetic antiferromagnet was shown to allow us to obtain a magnetically sensitive material characterized by hysteresis-free field dependence of the magnetoresistance.

  9. Antiferromagnetic domain wall as spin wave polarizer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lan, Jin; Yu, Weichao; Xiao, Jiang

    Spin waves are collective excitations of local magnetizations that can effectively propagate information even in magnetic insulators. In antiferromagnet, spin waves are endowed with additional polarization freedom. Here we propose that the antiferromagnetic domain wall can act as a spin wave polarizer, which perfectly passes one linearly polarized spin wave while substantially reflects the perpendicular one. We show that the polarizing effect lies in the suppression of one linear polarization inside domain wall, in close analogy to the wire-grid optical polarizer. Our finding opens up new possibilities in magnonic processing by harnessing spin wave polarization in antiferromagnet.

  10. Enhanced Spin Conductance of a Thin-Film Insulating Antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bender, Scott A.; Skarsvâg, Hans; Brataas, Arne; Duine, Rembert A.

    2017-08-01

    We investigate spin transport by thermally excited spin waves in an antiferromagnetic insulator. Starting from a stochastic Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert phenomenology, we obtain the out-of-equilibrium spin-wave properties. In linear response to spin biasing and a temperature gradient, we compute the spin transport through a normal-metal-antiferromagnet-normal-metal heterostructure. We show that the spin conductance diverges as one approaches the spin-flop transition; this enhancement of the conductance should be readily observable by sweeping the magnetic field across the spin-flop transition. The results from such experiments may, on the one hand, enhance our understanding of spin transport near a phase transition, and on the other be useful for applications that require a large degree of tunability of spin currents. In contrast, the spin Seebeck coefficient does not diverge at the spin-flop transition. Furthermore, the spin Seebeck coefficient is finite even at zero magnetic field, provided that the normal metal contacts break the symmetry between the antiferromagnetic sublattices.

  11. Spin Wave Theory in Two-Dimensional Coupled Antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shimahara, Hiroshi

    2018-04-01

    We apply spin wave theory to two-dimensional coupled antiferromagnets. In particular, we primarily examine a system that consists of small spins coupled by a strong exchange interaction J1, large spins coupled by a weak exchange interaction J2, and an anisotropic exchange interaction J12 between the small and large spins. This system is an effective model of the organic antiferromagnet λ-(BETS)2FeCl4 in its insulating phase, in which intriguing magnetic phenomena have been observed, where the small and large spins correspond to π electrons and 3d spins, respectively. BETS stands for bis(ethylenedithio)tetraselenafulvalene. We obtain the antiferromagnetic transition temperature TN and the sublattice magnetizations m(T) and M(T) of the small and large spins, respectively, as functions of the temperature T. When T increases, m(T) is constant with a slight decrease below TN, even where M(T) decreases significantly. When J1 ≫ J12 and J2 = 0, an analytical expression for TN is derived. The estimated value of TN and the behaviors of m(T) and M(T) agree with the observations of λ-(BETS)2FeCl4.

  12. Antiferromagnetic resonance excited by oscillating electric currents

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sluka, Volker

    2017-12-01

    In antiferromagnetic materials the order parameter exhibits resonant modes at frequencies that can be in the terahertz range, making them interesting components for spintronic devices. Here, it is shown that antiferromagnetic resonance can be excited using the inverse spin-Hall effect in a system consisting of an antiferromagnetic insulator coupled to a normal-metal waveguide. The time-dependent interplay between spin torque, ac spin accumulation, and magnetic degrees of freedom is studied. It is found that the dynamics of the antiferromagnet affects the frequency-dependent conductivity of the normal metal. Further, a comparison is made between spin-current-induced and Oersted-field-induced excitation under the condition of constant power injection.

  13. Spin dynamics of antiferromagnets in the presence of a homogeneous magnetization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kirkpatrick, T. R.; Belitz, D.

    2017-06-01

    We use general hydrodynamic equations to determine the long-wavelength spin excitations in isotropic antiferromagnets in the presence of a homogeneous magnetization. The latter may be induced, such as in antiferromagnets in an external magnetic field, or spontaneous, such as in ferrimagnetic or canted phases that are characterized by the coexistence of antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic order. Depending on the physical situation, we find propagating spin waves that are gapped in some cases and gapless in others, diffusive modes, or relaxational modes. The excitation spectra turn out to be qualitatively different depending on whether or not the homogeneous magnetization is a conserved quantity. The results lay the foundation for a description of a variety of quantum phase transitions, including the transition from a ferromagnetic metal to an antiferromagnetic one, and the spin-flop transitions that are observed in some antiferromagnets. They also are crucial for incorporating weak localization and Altshuler-Aronov effects into the descriptions of quantum phases in both clean and disordered magnetic metals.

  14. Magnon Spin Nernst Effect in Antiferromagnets.

    PubMed

    Zyuzin, Vladimir A; Kovalev, Alexey A

    2016-11-18

    We predict that a temperature gradient can induce a magnon-mediated spin Hall response in an antiferromagnet with nontrivial magnon Berry curvature. We develop a linear response theory which gives a general condition for a Hall current to be well defined, even when the thermal Hall response is forbidden by symmetry. We apply our theory to a honeycomb lattice antiferromagnet and discuss a role of magnon edge states in a finite geometry.

  15. Magnon Spin Nernst Effect in Antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zyuzin, Vladimir A.; Kovalev, Alexey A.

    2016-11-01

    We predict that a temperature gradient can induce a magnon-mediated spin Hall response in an antiferromagnet with nontrivial magnon Berry curvature. We develop a linear response theory which gives a general condition for a Hall current to be well defined, even when the thermal Hall response is forbidden by symmetry. We apply our theory to a honeycomb lattice antiferromagnet and discuss a role of magnon edge states in a finite geometry.

  16. Fluctuation-exchange study of antiferromagnetism in disordered electron-doped cuprate superconductors.

    PubMed

    Yan, Xin-Zhong; Ting, C S

    2006-08-11

    On the basis of the Hubbard model, we extend the fluctuation-exchange (FLEX) approach to investigating the properties of the antiferromagnetic (AF) phase in electron-doped cuprate superconductors. Furthermore, by incorporating the effect of scatterings due to the disordered dopant atoms into the FLEX formalism, our numerical results show that the antiferromagnetic transition temperature, the onset temperature of pseudogap due to spin fluctuations, the spectral density of the single particle near the Fermi surface, and the staggered magnetization in the AF phase as a function of electron doping can consistently account for the experimental measurements.

  17. Spin Transfer torques in Antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saidaoui, Hamed; Waintal, Xavier; Manchon, Aurelien; Spsms, Cea, Grenoble France Collaboration

    2013-03-01

    Spin Transfer Torque (STT) has attracted tremendously growing interest in the past two decades. Consisting on the transfer of spin angular momentum of a spin polarized current to local magnetic moments, the STT gives rise to a complex dynamics of the magnetization. Depending on the the structure, the STT shows a dominated In plane component for spin valves, whereas both components coexist for magnetic tunneling junctions (MTJ). For latter case the symmetry of the structure is considered to be decisive in identifying the nature and behavior of the torque. In the present study we are interested in magnetic structures where we substitute either one or both of the magnetic layers by antiferromagnets (AF). We use Non-equilibrium Green's function formalism applied on a tight-binding model to investigate the nature of the spin torque. We notice the presence of two types of torque exerted on (AF), a torque which tends to rotate the order parameter and another one that competes with the exchange interaction. We conclude by comparison with previous works.

  18. Iron Atoms in Cr-Mn Antiferromagnetic Matrix

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Szymański, K.; Satuła, D.; Dobrzyński, L.; Biernacka, M.; Perzyńska, K.; Zaleski, P.

    2002-06-01

    The results of the Mössbauer effect measurements on bcc Cr rich Cr-Fe-Mn alloys in temperature range 12-296 K in zero- and in applied magnetic fields are reported. Monochromatic, circularly polarized radiation was used for investigation of iron moments alignment. Strong enhancement of internal hyperfine magnetic field induced by the applied magnetic field was detected and explained as due to dynamical effects. At high temperatures alignment of iron moments in antiferromagnetic phase is weakly magnetic field-dependent. At low temperatures the average hyperfine magnetic field is antiparallel to the net magnetization showing that iron moments are partly ordered by the applied field.

  19. Room Temperature Antiferromagnetic Ordering of Nanocrystalline Tb1.90Ni0.10O3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mandal, J.; Dalal, M.; Sarkar, B. J.; Chakrabarti, P. K.

    2017-02-01

    Nanocrystalline Ni-doped terbium oxide (Tb1.90Ni0.10O3) has been synthesized by the co-precipitation method followed by annealing at 700°C for 6 h in vacuum. The crystallographic phase and the substitution of Ni2+ ions in the lattice of Tb2O3 are confirmed by Rietveld analysis of the x-ray diffraction pattern using the software MAUD. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy is also carried out to study the morphology of the sample. Magnetic measurements are carried out at different temperatures from 5 K to 300 K using a superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometer. The dependence of the magnetization of Tb1.90Ni0.10O3 as a function of temperature ( M- T) and magnetic field ( M- H) suggests the presence of both paramagnetic and antiferromagnetic phase at room temperature, but antiferromagnetic phase dominates below ˜120 K. The lack of saturation in the M- H curve and good fitting of the M- T curve by the Johnston formula also indicate the presence of both paramagnetic and antiferromagnetic phase at room temperature. Interestingly, an antiferromagnetic to ferromagnetic phase transition is observed below ˜40 K. The result also shows a high value of magnetization at 5 K.

  20. Spinon dynamics in quantum integrable antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vlijm, R.; Caux, J.-S.

    2016-05-01

    The excitations of the Heisenberg antiferromagnetic spin chain in zero field are known as spinons. As pairwise-created fractionalized excitations, spinons are important in the understanding of inelastic neutron scattering experiments in (quasi-)one-dimensional materials. In the present paper, we consider the real space-time dynamics of spinons originating from a local spin flip on the antiferromagnetic ground state of the (an)isotropic Heisenberg spin-1/2 model and the Babujan-Takhtajan spin-1 model. By utilizing algebraic Bethe ansatz methods at finite system size to compute the expectation value of the local magnetization and spin-spin correlations, spinons are visualized as propagating domain walls in the antiferromagnetic spin ordering with anisotropy dependent behavior. The spin-spin correlation after the spin flip displays a light cone, satisfying the Lieb-Robinson bound for the propagation of correlations at the spinon velocity.

  1. Itinerant Antiferromagnetism in RuO 2

    DOE PAGES

    Berlijn, Tom; Snijders, Paul C.; Delaire, Oliver A.; ...

    2017-02-15

    Bulk rutile RuO 2 has long been considered a Pauli paramagnet. Here, in this article, we report that RuO 2 exhibits a hitherto undetected lattice distortion below approximately 900 K. The distortion is accompanied by antiferromagnetic order up to at least 300 K with a small room temperature magnetic moment of approximately 0.05μ B as evidenced by polarized neutron diffraction. Density functional theory plus U(DFT+U) calculations indicate that antiferromagnetism is favored even for small values of the Hubbard U of the order of 1 eV. The antiferromagnetism may be traced to a Fermi surface instability, lifting the band degeneracy imposedmore » by the rutile crystal field. The combination of high Néel temperature and small itinerant moments make RuO 2 unique among ruthenate compounds and among oxide materials in general.« less

  2. Antiferromagnetic Spin Wave Field-Effect Transistor

    DOE PAGES

    Cheng, Ran; Daniels, Matthew W.; Zhu, Jian-Gang; ...

    2016-04-06

    In a collinear antiferromagnet with easy-axis anisotropy, symmetry dictates that the spin wave modes must be doubly degenerate. Theses two modes, distinguished by their opposite polarization and available only in antiferromagnets, give rise to a novel degree of freedom to encode and process information. We show that the spin wave polarization can be manipulated by an electric field induced Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction and magnetic anisotropy. We propose a prototype spin wave field effect transistor which realizes a gate-tunable magnonic analog of the Faraday effect, and demonstrate its application in THz signal modulation. In conclusion, our findings open up the exciting possibilitymore » of digital data processing utilizing antiferromagnetic spin waves and enable the direct projection of optical computing concepts onto the mesoscopic scale.« less

  3. Critical anisotropies of a geometrically frustrated triangular-lattice antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Swanson, M.; Haraldsen, J. T.; Fishman, R. S.

    2009-05-01

    This work examines the critical anisotropy required for the local stability of the collinear ground states of a geometrically frustrated triangular-lattice antiferromagnet (TLA). Using a Holstein-Primakoff expansion, we calculate the spin-wave frequencies for the one-, two-, three-, four-, and eight-sublattice (SL) ground states of a TLA with up to third neighbor interactions. Local stability requires that all spin-wave frequencies are real and positive. The two-, four-, and eight-SL phases break up into several regions where the critical anisotropy is a different function of the exchange parameters. We find that the critical anisotropy is a continuous function everywhere except across the two-SL/three-SL and three-SL/four-SL phase boundaries, where the three-SL phase has the higher critical anisotropy.

  4. Strain-Induced Ferromagnetism in Antiferromagnetic LuMnO3 Thin Films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    White, J. S.; Bator, M.; Hu, Y.; Luetkens, H.; Stahn, J.; Capelli, S.; Das, S.; Döbeli, M.; Lippert, Th.; Malik, V. K.; Martynczuk, J.; Wokaun, A.; Kenzelmann, M.; Niedermayer, Ch.; Schneider, C. W.

    2013-07-01

    Single phase and strained LuMnO3 thin films are discovered to display coexisting ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic orders. A large moment ferromagnetism (≈1μB), which is absent in bulk samples, is shown to display a magnetic moment distribution that is peaked at the highly strained substrate-film interface. We further show that the strain-induced ferromagnetism and the antiferromagnetic order are coupled via an exchange field, therefore demonstrating strained rare-earth manganite thin films as promising candidate systems for new multifunctional devices.

  5. Dynamical current-induced ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic resonances

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guimarães, F. S. M.; Lounis, S.; Costa, A. T.; Muniz, R. B.

    2015-12-01

    We demonstrate that ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic excitations can be triggered by the dynamical spin accumulations induced by the bulk and surface contributions of the spin Hall effect. Due to the spin-orbit interaction, a time-dependent spin density is generated by an oscillatory electric field applied parallel to the atomic planes of Fe/W(110) multilayers. For symmetric trilayers of Fe/W/Fe in which the Fe layers are ferromagnetically coupled, we demonstrate that only the collective out-of-phase precession mode is excited, while the uniform (in-phase) mode remains silent. When they are antiferromagnetically coupled, the oscillatory electric field sets the Fe magnetizations into elliptical precession motions with opposite angular velocities. The manipulation of different collective spin-wave dynamical modes through the engineering of the multilayers and their thicknesses may be used to develop ultrafast spintronics devices. Our work provides a general framework that probes the realistic responses of materials in the time or frequency domain.

  6. Pressure effects in the itinerant antiferromagnetic metal TiAu

    DOE PAGES

    Wolowiec, C. T.; Fang, Y.; McElroy, C. A.; ...

    2017-06-07

    Here, we report the pressure dependence of the Néel temperature T N up to P ≈ 27 GPa for the recently discovered itinerant antiferromagnet (IAFM) TiAu. The T N(P) phase boundary exhibits unconventional behavior in which the Néel temperature is enhanced from T N ≈ 33 K at ambient pressure to a maximum of T N ≈ 35 K occurring at P ≈ 5.5 GPa. Upon a further increase in pressure, T N is monotonically suppressed to ~22 K at P ≈ 27 GPa. We also find a crossover in the temperature dependence of the electrical resistivity ρ in themore » antiferromagnetic (AFM) phase that is coincident with the peak in T N(P), such that the temperature dependence of ρ = ρ 0 + A nT n changes from n≈3 during the enhancement of T N to n ≈ 2 during the suppression of T N. Based on an extrapolation of the T N(P) data to a possible pressure-induced quantum critical point, we estimate the critical pressure to be P c ≈ 45 GPa.« less

  7. Isotope effect in quasi-two-dimensional metal-organic antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goddard, P. A.; Singleton, J.; Maitland, C.; Blundell, S. J.; Lancaster, T.; Baker, P. J.; McDonald, R. D.; Cox, S.; Sengupta, P.; Manson, J. L.; Funk, K. A.; Schlueter, J. A.

    2008-08-01

    Although the isotope effect in superconducting materials is well documented, changes in the magnetic properties of antiferromagnets due to isotopic substitution are seldom discussed and remain poorly understood. This is perhaps surprising given the possible link between the quasi-two-dimensional (Q2D) antiferromagnetic and superconducting phases of the layered cuprates. Here we report the experimental observation of shifts in the Néel temperature and critical magnetic fields (ΔTN/TN≈4%;ΔBc/Bc≈4%) in a Q2D organic molecular antiferromagnet on substitution of hydrogen for deuterium. These compounds are characterized by strong hydrogen bonds through which the dominant superexchange is mediated. We evaluate how the in-plane and interplane exchange energies evolve as the atoms of hydrogen on different ligands are substituted, and suggest a possible mechanism for this effect in terms of the relative exchange efficiency of hydrogen and deuterium bonds.

  8. Magnetic structure driven ferroelectricity and large magnetoelectric coupling in antiferromagnet Co4Nb2O9

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Srivastava, P.; Chaudhary, S.; Maurya, V.; Saha, J.; Kaushik, S. D.; Siruguri, V.; Patnaik, S.

    2018-05-01

    Synthesis and extensive structural, pyroelectric, magnetic, dielectric and magneto-electric characterizations are reported for polycrystalline Co4Nb2O9 towards unraveling the multiferroic ground state. Magnetic measurements confirm that Co4Nb2O9 becomes an anti-ferromagnet at around 28 K. Associated with the magnetic phase transition, a sharp peak in pyroelectric current indicates the appearance of strong magneto-electric coupling below Neel temperature (TN) along with large coupling constant upto 17.8 μC/m2T. Using temperature oscillation technique, we establish Co4Nb2O9 to be a genuine multiferroic with spontaneous electric polarization in the anti-ferromagnetic state in the absence of magnetic field poling. This is in agreement with our low temperature neutron diffraction studies that show the magnetic structure of Co4Nb2O9 to be that of a non-collinear anti-ferromagnet with ferroelectric ground state.

  9. Spin Hall Effects in Metallic Antiferromagnets

    DOE PAGES

    Zhang, Wei; Jungfleisch, Matthias B.; Jiang, Wanjun; ...

    2014-11-04

    In this paper, we investigate four CuAu-I-type metallic antiferromagnets for their potential as spin current detectors using spin pumping and inverse spin Hall effect. Nontrivial spin Hall effects were observed for FeMn, PdMn, and IrMn while a much higher effect was obtained for PtMn. Using thickness-dependent measurements, we determined the spin diffusion lengths of these materials to be short, on the order of 1 nm. The estimated spin Hall angles of the four materials follow the relationship PtMn > IrMn > PdMn > FeMn, highlighting the correlation between the spin-orbit coupling of nonmagnetic species and the magnitude of the spinmore » Hall effect in their antiferromagnetic alloys. These experiments are compared with first-principles calculations. Finally, engineering the properties of the antiferromagnets as well as their interfaces can pave the way for manipulation of the spin dependent transport properties in antiferromagnet-based spintronics.« less

  10. Space Group Symmetry Fractionalization in a Chiral Kagome Heisenberg Antiferromagnet.

    PubMed

    Zaletel, Michael P; Zhu, Zhenyue; Lu, Yuan-Ming; Vishwanath, Ashvin; White, Steven R

    2016-05-13

    The anyonic excitations of a spin liquid can feature fractional quantum numbers under space group symmetries. Detecting these fractional quantum numbers, which are analogs of the fractional charge of Laughlin quasiparticles, may prove easier than the direct observation of anyonic braiding and statistics. Motivated by the recent numerical discovery of spin-liquid phases in the kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet, we theoretically predict the pattern of space group symmetry fractionalization in the kagome lattice SO(3)-symmetric chiral spin liquid. We provide a method to detect these fractional quantum numbers in finite-size numerics which is simple to implement in the density matrix renormalization group. Applying these developments to the chiral spin liquid phase of a kagome Heisenberg model, we find perfect agreement between our theoretical prediction and numerical observations.

  11. Observation of antiferromagnetic correlations in the Fermi-Hubbard model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hart, R. A.; Duarte, P. M.; Yang, T. L.; Liu, X.; Hulet, R. G.; Paiva, T. C. L.; Huse, D.; Scalettar, R. T.; Trivedi, N.

    2014-05-01

    The physics of high temperature superconductors is not well understood, although it is known that the undoped parent compounds of many of them are antiferromagnetic (AF) insulators. The Fermi-Hubbard model at half filling (one atom per lattice site) is known to exhibit a phase transition to an antiferromagnetic insulator at a low temperature. We realize the Fermi-Hubbard model by loading ultracold 6Li atoms into a three-dimensional red-detuned optical lattice. We have compensated the confining potential of the lattice with blue-detuned laser beams in order to evaporatively cool the atoms. We have cooled sufficiently to observe AF correlations using spin-sensitive Bragg scattering of near-resonant light. Comparison with Quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) calculations indicates that the temperature is between 2-3 TN, where short-range correlations begin to develop. Bragg scattering combined with QMC provides sensitive thermometry in a previously unexplored regime. Supported by NSF, ONR, DARPA, and the Welch Foundation.

  12. Stability of the antiferromagnetic state in the electron doped iridates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bhowal, Sayantika; Moradi Kurdestany, Jamshid; Satpathy, Sashi

    2018-06-01

    Iridates such as Sr2IrO4 are of considerable interest owing to the formation of the Mott insulating state driven by a large spin–orbit coupling. However, in contrast to the expectation from the Nagaoka theorem that a single doped hole or electron destroys the anti-ferromagnetic (AFM) state of the half-filled Hubbard model in the large U limit, the anti-ferromagnetism persists in the doped Iridates for a large dopant concentration beyond half-filling. With a tight-binding description of the relevant states by the third-neighbor (t 1, t 2, t 3, U) Hubbard model on the square lattice, we examine the stability of the AFM state to the formation of a spin spiral state in the strong coupling limit. The third-neighbor interaction t 3 is important for the description of the Fermi surface of the electron doped system. A phase diagram in the parameter space is obtained for the regions of stability of the AFM state. Our results qualitatively explain the robustness of the AFM state in the electron doped iridate (such as Sr2‑x La x IrO4), observed in many experiments, where the AFM state continues to be stable until a critical dopant concentration.

  13. Long-Range Anti-ferromagnetic Order in Sm2Ti2O7

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mauws, Cole; Sarte, Paul; Hallas, Alannah; Wildes, Andrew; Quilliam, Jeffrey; Luke, Graeme; Gaulin, Bruce; Wiebe, Christopher

    The spin ice state has been a key topic in frustrated magnetism for decades. Largely due to the presence of monopole-like excitations, leading to interesting physics. There has been a consistent effort in the field at synthesising new spin ice phases that possess smaller moments in the hopes of increasing the density of magnetic monopoles. As well as investigating the phase when quantum fluctuations dominate over dipolar interactions. Initially Sm2Ti2O7 was thought to be a candidate for a quantum spin ice, possessing a low moment of 1.5 μB in the high-spin case and crystal fields may reduce it to a true spin-1/2 system. However anti-ferromagnetic interactions as well as a lambda-like heat capacity anomaly pointed towards long-range antiferromagnetic order. An isotopically enriched samarium-154 single crystal was taken to the D7 polarized diffuse scattering spectrometer at the ILL. Long-range antiferromagnetic order was observed and indexed onto the all-in all-out structure. This agrees with theoretical predictions of Ising pyrochlore systems with sufficiently large anti-ferromagnetic coupling. NSERC, CFI, CIFAR, CRC.

  14. Dirac fermions in an antiferromagnetic semimetal

    DOE PAGES

    Tang, Peizhe; Zhou, Quan; Xu, Gang; ...

    2016-08-08

    Analogues of the elementary particles have been extensively searched for in condensed-matter systems for both scientific interest and technological applications. Recently, massless Dirac fermions were found to emerge as low-energy excitations in materials now known as Dirac semimetals. All of the currently known Dirac semimetals are non-magnetic with both time-reversal symmetry and inversion symmetry. Here in this paper, we show that Dirac fermions can exist in one type of antiferromagnetic system, where both and are broken but their combination is respected. We propose orthorhombic antiferromagnet CuMnAs as a candidate, analyse the robustness of the Dirac points under symmetry protections andmore » demonstrate its distinctive bulk dispersions, as well as the corresponding surface states, by ab initio calculations. Our results provide a possible platform to study the interplay of Dirac fermion physics and magnetism.« less

  15. Weyl magnons in breathing pyrochlore antiferromagnets

    PubMed Central

    Li, Fei-Ye; Li, Yao-Dong; Kim, Yong Baek; Balents, Leon; Yu, Yue; Chen, Gang

    2016-01-01

    Frustrated quantum magnets not only provide exotic ground states and unusual magnetic structures, but also support unconventional excitations in many cases. Using a physically relevant spin model for a breathing pyrochlore lattice, we discuss the presence of topological linear band crossings of magnons in antiferromagnets. These are the analogues of Weyl fermions in electronic systems, which we dub Weyl magnons. The bulk Weyl magnon implies the presence of chiral magnon surface states forming arcs at finite energy. We argue that such antiferromagnets present a unique example, in which Weyl points can be manipulated in situ in the laboratory by applied fields. We discuss their appearance specifically in the breathing pyrochlore lattice, and give some general discussion of conditions to find Weyl magnons, and how they may be probed experimentally. Our work may inspire a re-examination of the magnetic excitations in many magnetically ordered systems. PMID:27650053

  16. Weyl magnons in breathing pyrochlore antiferromagnets

    DOE PAGES

    Li, Fei-Ye; Li, Yao-Dong; Kim, Yong Baek; ...

    2016-09-21

    Frustrated quantum magnets not only provide exotic ground states and unusual magnetic structures, but also support unconventional excitations in many cases. Using a physically relevant spin model for a breathing pyrochlore lattice, we discuss the presence of topological linear band crossings of magnons in antiferromagnets. These are the analogues of Weyl fermions in electronic systems, which we dub Weyl magnons. The bulk Weyl magnon implies the presence of chiral magnon surface states forming arcs at finite energy. We argue that such antiferromagnets present a unique example, in which Weyl points can be manipulated in situ in the laboratory by appliedmore » fields. We discuss their appearance specifically in the breathing pyrochlore lattice, and give some general discussion of conditions to find Weyl magnons, and how they may be probed experimentally. Our work may inspire a re-examination of the magnetic excitations in many magnetically ordered systems.« less

  17. Dirac fermions in an antiferromagnetic semimetal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tang, Peizhe; Zhou, Quan; Xu, Gang; Zhang, Shou-Cheng

    2016-12-01

    Analogues of the elementary particles have been extensively searched for in condensed-matter systems for both scientific interest and technological applications. Recently, massless Dirac fermions were found to emerge as low-energy excitations in materials now known as Dirac semimetals. All of the currently known Dirac semimetals are non-magnetic with both time-reversal symmetry and inversion symmetry . Here we show that Dirac fermions can exist in one type of antiferromagnetic system, where both and are broken but their combination is respected. We propose orthorhombic antiferromagnet CuMnAs as a candidate, analyse the robustness of the Dirac points under symmetry protections and demonstrate its distinctive bulk dispersions, as well as the corresponding surface states, by ab initio calculations. Our results provide a possible platform to study the interplay of Dirac fermion physics and magnetism.

  18. Localizable entanglement in antiferromagnetic spin chains

    SciTech Connect

    Jin, B.-Q.; Korepin, V.E.

    2004-06-01

    Antiferromagnetic spin chains play an important role in condensed matter and statistical mechanics. Recently XXX spin chain was discussed in relation to information theory. Here we consider localizable entanglement. It is how much entanglement can be localized on two spins by performing local measurements on other individual spins (in a system of many interacting spins). We consider the ground state of antiferromagnetic spin chain. We study localizable entanglement [represented by concurrence] between two spins. It is a function of the distance. We start with isotropic spin chain. Then we study effects of anisotropy and magnetic field. We conclude that anisotropymore » increases the localizable entanglement. We discovered high sensitivity to a magnetic field in cases of high symmetry. We also evaluated concurrence of these two spins before the measurement to illustrate that the measurement raises the concurrence.« less

  19. Heat-driven spin torques in antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Białek, Marcin; Bréchet, Sylvain; Ansermet, Jean-Philippe

    2018-04-01

    Heat-driven magnetization damping, which is a linear function of a temperature gradient, is predicted in antiferromagnets by considering the sublattice dynamics subjected to a heat-driven spin torque. This points to the possibility of achieving spin torque oscillator behavior. The model is based on the magnetic Seebeck effect acting on sublattices which are exchange coupled. The heat-driven spin torque is estimated and the feasibility of detecting this effect is discussed.

  20. Noncollinear antiferromagnetic Mn3Sn films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Markou, A.; Taylor, J. M.; Kalache, A.; Werner, P.; Parkin, S. S. P.; Felser, C.

    2018-05-01

    Noncollinear hexagonal antiferromagnets with almost zero net magnetization were recently shown to demonstrate giant anomalous Hall effect. Here, we present the structural and magnetic properties of noncollinear antiferromagnetic Mn3Sn thin films heteroepitaxially grown on Y:ZrO2 (111) substrates with a Ru underlayer. The Mn3Sn films were crystallized in the hexagonal D 019 structure with c -axis preferred (0001) crystal orientation. The Mn3Sn films are discontinuous, forming large islands of approximately 400 nm in width, but are chemical homogeneous and characterized by near perfect heteroepitaxy. Furthermore, the thin films show weak ferromagnetism with an in-plane uncompensated magnetization of M =34 kA/m and coercivity of μ0Hc=4.0 mT at room temperature. Additionally, the exchange bias effect was studied in Mn3Sn /Py bilayers. Exchange bias fields up to μ0HEB=12.6 mT can be achieved at 5 K. These results show Mn3Sn films to be an attractive material for applications in antiferromagnetic spintronics.

  1. Impurity effects in highly frustrated diamond-lattice antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Savary, Lucile; Gull, Emanuel; Trebst, Simon; Alicea, Jason; Bergman, Doron; Balents, Leon

    2011-08-01

    We consider the effects of local impurities in highly frustrated diamond-lattice antiferromagnets, which exhibit large but nonextensive ground-state degeneracies. Such models are appropriate to many A-site magnetic spinels. We argue very generally that sufficiently dilute impurities induce an ordered magnetic ground state and provide a mechanism of degeneracy breaking. The states that are selected can be determined by a “swiss cheese model” analysis, which we demonstrate numerically for a particular impurity model in this case. Moreover, we present criteria for estimating the stability of the resulting ordered phase to a competing frozen (spin glass) one. The results may explain the contrasting finding of frozen and ordered ground states in CoAl2O4 and MnSc2S4, respectively.

  2. Impurity Effects in Highly Frustrated Diamond-Lattice Antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Savary, Lucile

    2012-02-01

    We consider the effects of local impurities in highly frustrated diamond lattice antiferromagnets, which exhibit large but non-extensive ground state degeneracies. Such models are appropriate to many A-site magnetic spinels. We argue very generally that sufficiently dilute impurities induce an ordered magnetic ground state, and provide a mechanism of degeneracy breaking. The states which are selected can be determined by a ``swiss cheese model'' analysis, which we demonstrate numerically for a particular impurity model in this case. Moreover, we present criteria for estimating the stability of the resulting ordered phase to a competing frozen (spin glass) one. The results may explain the contrasting finding of frozen and ordered ground states in CoAl2O4 and MnSc2S4, respectively.

  3. Antiferromagnetism and superconductivity in the half-Heusler semimetal HoPdBi

    PubMed Central

    Pavlosiuk, Orest; Kaczorowski, Dariusz; Fabreges, Xavier; Gukasov, Arsen; Wiśniewski, Piotr

    2016-01-01

    We observed the coexistence of superconductivity and antiferromagnetic order in the single-crystalline ternary pnictide HoPdBi, a plausible topological semimetal. The compound orders antiferromagnetically at TN = 1.9 K and exhibits superconductivity below Tc = 0.7 K, which was confirmed by magnetic, electrical transport and specific heat measurements. The specific heat shows anomalies corresponding to antiferromagnetic ordering transition and crystalline field effect, but not to superconducting transition. Single-crystal neutron diffraction indicates that the antiferromagnetic structure is characterized by the propagation vector. Temperature variation of the electrical resistivity reveals two parallel conducting channels of semiconducting and metallic character. In weak magnetic fields, the magnetoresistance exhibits weak antilocalization effect, while in strong fields and temperatures below 50 K it is large and negative. At temperatures below 7 K Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations with two frequencies appear in the resistivity. These oscillations have non-trivial Berry phase, which is a distinguished feature of Dirac fermions. PMID:26728755

  4. Modelling compensated antiferromagnetic interfaces with MuMax3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    De Clercq, Jonas; Leliaert, Jonathan; Van Waeyenberge, Bartel

    2017-10-01

    We show how compensated antiferromagnetic interfaces can be implemented in the micromagnetic simulation program MuMax3. We demonstrate that we can model spin flop coupling as a uniaxial anisotropy for small canting angles and how we can take into account the exact energy terms for strong coupling between a ferromagnet and a compensated antiferromagnet. We also investigate athermal training in biaxial antiferromagnets and reproduce the training effect in a polycrystalline IrMn/CoFe bilayer.

  5. Dynamics of antiferromagnetic skyrmion driven by the spin Hall effect

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jin, Chendong; Song, Chengkun; Wang, Jianbo; Liu, Qingfang

    2016-10-01

    Magnetic skyrmion moved by the spin-Hall effect is promising for the application of the generation racetrack memories. However, the Magnus force causes a deflected motion of skyrmion, which limits its application. Here, we create an antiferromagnetic skyrmion by injecting a spin-polarized pulse in the nanostripe and investigate the spin Hall effect-induced motion of antiferromagnetic skyrmion by micromagnetic simulations. In contrast to ferromagnetic skyrmion, we find that the antiferromagnetic skyrmion has three evident advantages: (i) the minimum driving current density of antiferromagnetic skyrmion is about two orders smaller than the ferromagnetic skyrmion; (ii) the velocity of the antiferromagnetic skyrmion is about 57 times larger than the ferromagnetic skyrmion driven by the same value of current density; (iii) antiferromagnetic skyrmion can be driven by the spin Hall effect without the influence of Magnus force. In addition, antiferromagnetic skyrmion can move around the pinning sites due to its property of topological protection. Our results present the understanding of antiferromagnetic skyrmion motion driven by the spin Hall effect and may also contribute to the development of antiferromagnetic skyrmion-based racetrack memories.

  6. Dynamic magnetic hysteresis and nonlinear susceptibility of antiferromagnetic nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kalmykov, Yuri P.; Ouari, Bachir; Titov, Serguey V.

    2016-08-01

    The nonlinear ac stationary response of antiferromagnetic nanoparticles subjected to both external ac and dc fields of arbitrary strength and orientation is investigated using Brown's continuous diffusion model. The nonlinear complex susceptibility and dynamic magnetic hysteresis (DMH) loops of an individual antiferromagnetic nanoparticle are evaluated and compared with the linear regime for extensive ranges of the anisotropy, the ac and dc magnetic fields, damping, and the specific antiferromagnetic parameter. It is shown that the shape and area of the DMH loops of antiferromagnetic particles are substantially altered by applying a dc field that permits tuning of the specific magnetic power loss in the nanoparticles.

  7. Quantum order by disorder in frustrated diamond lattice antiferromagnets.

    PubMed

    Bernier, Jean-Sébastien; Lawler, Michael J; Kim, Yong Baek

    2008-07-25

    We present a quantum theory of frustrated diamond lattice antiferromagnets. Considering quantum fluctuations as the predominant mechanism relieving spin frustration, we find a rich phase diagram comprising of six phases with coplanar spiral ordering in addition to the Néel phase. By computing the specific heat of these ordered phases, we obtain a remarkable agreement between (k, k, 0) spiral ordering and the experimental specific heat data for the diamond lattice spinel compounds MnSc2S4, Co3O4, and CoRh2O4, i.e., specific heat data is a strong evidence for (k, k, 0) spiral ordering in all of these materials. This prediction can be tested in future neutron scattering experiments on Co3O4 and CoRh2O4, and is consistent with existing neutron scattering data on MnSc2S4. Based on this agreement, we infer a monotonically increasing relationship between frustration and the strength of quantum fluctuations.

  8. Exact Critical Exponents for the Antiferromagnetic Quantum Critical Metal in Two Dimensions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schlief, Andres; Lunts, Peter; Lee, Sung-Sik

    2017-04-01

    Unconventional metallic states which do not support well-defined single-particle excitations can arise near quantum phase transitions as strong quantum fluctuations of incipient order parameters prevent electrons from forming coherent quasiparticles. Although antiferromagnetic phase transitions occur commonly in correlated metals, understanding the nature of the strange metal realized at the critical point in layered systems has been hampered by a lack of reliable theoretical methods that take into account strong quantum fluctuations. We present a nonperturbative solution to the low-energy theory for the antiferromagnetic quantum critical metal in two spatial dimensions. Being a strongly coupled theory, it can still be solved reliably in the low-energy limit as quantum fluctuations are organized by a new control parameter that emerges dynamically. We predict the exact critical exponents that govern the universal scaling of physical observables at low temperatures.

  9. Spin-Chirality-Driven Ferroelectricity on a Perfect Triangular Lattice Antiferromagnet

    SciTech Connect

    Mitamura, H.; Watanuki, R.; Kaneko, Koji

    Magnetic field (B) variation of the electrical polarization P c ( ∥c) of the perfect triangular lattice antiferromagnet RbFe(MoO 4) 2 is examined up to the saturation point of the magnetization for B⊥c. P c is observed only in phases for which chirality is predicted in the in-plane magnetic structures. No strong anomaly is observed in P c at the field at which the spin modulation along the c axis, and hence the spin helicity, exhibits a discontinuity to the commensurate state. These results indicate that the ferroelectricity in this compound originates predominantly from the spin chirality, the explanation ofmore » which would require a new mechanism for magnetoferroelectricity. Lastly, the obtained field-temperature phase diagrams of ferroelectricity well agree with those theoretically predicted for the spin chirality of a Heisenberg spin triangular lattice antiferromagnet.« less

  10. Spin-Chirality-Driven Ferroelectricity on a Perfect Triangular Lattice Antiferromagnet

    DOE PAGES

    Mitamura, H.; Watanuki, R.; Kaneko, Koji; ...

    2014-10-01

    Magnetic field (B) variation of the electrical polarization P c ( ∥c) of the perfect triangular lattice antiferromagnet RbFe(MoO 4) 2 is examined up to the saturation point of the magnetization for B⊥c. P c is observed only in phases for which chirality is predicted in the in-plane magnetic structures. No strong anomaly is observed in P c at the field at which the spin modulation along the c axis, and hence the spin helicity, exhibits a discontinuity to the commensurate state. These results indicate that the ferroelectricity in this compound originates predominantly from the spin chirality, the explanation ofmore » which would require a new mechanism for magnetoferroelectricity. Lastly, the obtained field-temperature phase diagrams of ferroelectricity well agree with those theoretically predicted for the spin chirality of a Heisenberg spin triangular lattice antiferromagnet.« less

  11. Energy of the amplitude mode in the bicubic antiferromagnet: Series expansion results

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oitmaa, J.

    2018-05-01

    Series expansion methods are used to study the quantum critical behavior of the bicubic spin-1/2 antiferromagnet. Excitation energies are computed throughout the Brillouin zone, for both the Néel and dimer phases. We compute the energy of the amplitude/Higgs mode and show that it becomes degenerate with the magnon modes at the quantum critical point, as expected on general symmetry grounds.

  12. Remanent Magnetization: Signature of Many-Body Localization in Quantum Antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ros, V.; Müller, M.

    2017-06-01

    We study the remanent magnetization in antiferromagnetic, many-body localized quantum spin chains, initialized in a fully magnetized state. Its long time limit is an order parameter for the localization transition, which is readily accessible by standard experimental probes in magnets. We analytically calculate its value in the strong-disorder regime exploiting the explicit construction of quasilocal conserved quantities of the localized phase. We discuss analogies in cold atomic systems.

  13. Magnetic quantum oscillations in doped antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kabanov, V. V.

    2017-10-01

    Energy spectrum of electrons (holes) doped into two-dimensional (2D) antiferromagnetic (AF) semiconductors is quantized in an external magnetic field of arbitrary direction. A peculiar dependence of de Haas-van Alphen (dHvA) magneto-oscillation amplitudes on the azimuthal in-plane angle from the magnetization direction and on the polar angle from the out-of-plane direction is found. The angular dependence of the amplitude is different if the measurements are performed in the field above and below of the spin-flop field.

  14. Electron spin resonance shifts in S=1 antiferromagnetic chains

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Furuya, Shunsuke C.; Maeda, Yoshitaka; Oshikawa, Masaki

    2013-03-01

    We discuss electron spin resonance (ESR) shifts in spin-1 Heisenberg antiferromagnetic chains with a weak single-ion anisotropy, based on several effective field theories: the O(3) nonlinear sigma model (NLSM) in the Haldane phase, free-fermion theories around the lower and the upper critical fields. In the O(3) NLSM, the single-ion anisotropy corresponds to a composite operator which creates two magnons at the same time and position. Therefore, even inside a parameter range where free magnon approximation is valid for thermodynamics, we have to take interactions among magnons into account in order to include the single-ion anisotropy as a perturbation. Although the O(3) NLSM is only valid in the Haldane phase, an appropriate translation of Faddeev-Zamolodchikov operators of the O(3) NLSM to fermion operators enables one to treat ESR shifts near the lower critical field in a similar manner to discussions in the Haldane phase. Our theory gives quantitative agreements with a numerical evaluation using quantum Monte Carlo simulation, and also with recent ESR experimental results on a spin-1 chain compound Ni(C5H14N2)2N3(PF6).

  15. Dirac Fermions in an Antiferromagnetic Semimetal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tang, Peizhe; Zhou, Quan; Xu, Gang; Zhang, Shou-Cheng; Shou-Cheng Zhang's Group Team, Prof.

    Analogues of the elementary particles have been extensively searched for in condensed matter systems for both scientific interest and technological applications. Recently, massless Dirac fermions were found to emerge as low energy excitations in materials now known as Dirac semimetals. All the currently known Dirac semimetals are nonmagnetic with both time-reversal symmetry  and inversion symmetry "". Here we show that Dirac fermions can exist in one type of antiferromagnetic systems, where both  and "" are broken but their combination "" is respected. We propose orthorhombic antiferromagnet CuMnAs as a candidate, analyze the robustness of the Dirac points under symmetry protections, and demonstrate its distinctive bulk dispersions as well as the corresponding surface states by ab initio calculations. Our results provide a possible platform to study the interplay of Dirac fermion physics and magnetism. We acknowledge the DOE, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering, under contract DE-AC02-76SF00515, NSF under Grant No.DMR-1305677 and FAME, one of six centers of STARnet.

  16. Spin transport and spin torque in antiferromagnetic devices

    SciTech Connect

    Zelezny, J.; Wadley, P.; Olejnik, K.

    Ferromagnets are key materials for sensing and memory applications. In contrast, antiferromagnets which represent the more common form of magnetically ordered materials, have found less practical application beyond their use for establishing reference magnetic orientations via exchange bias. This might change in the future due to the recent progress in materials research and discoveries of antiferromagnetic spintronic phenomena suitable for device applications. Experimental demonstration of the electrical switching and detection of the Néel order open a route towards memory devices based on antiferromagnets. Apart from the radiation and magnetic-field hardness, memory cells fabricated from antiferromagnets can be inherently multilevel, whichmore » could be used for neuromorphic computing. Switching speeds attainable in antiferromagnets far exceed those of ferromagnetic and semiconductor memory technologies. Here we review the recent progress in electronic spin-transport and spin-torque phenomena in antiferromagnets that are dominantly of the relativistic quantum mechanical origin. We discuss their utility in pure antiferromagnetic or hybrid ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic memory devices.« less

  17. Spin transport and spin torque in antiferromagnetic devices

    DOE PAGES

    Zelezny, J.; Wadley, P.; Olejnik, K.; ...

    2018-03-02

    Ferromagnets are key materials for sensing and memory applications. In contrast, antiferromagnets which represent the more common form of magnetically ordered materials, have found less practical application beyond their use for establishing reference magnetic orientations via exchange bias. This might change in the future due to the recent progress in materials research and discoveries of antiferromagnetic spintronic phenomena suitable for device applications. Experimental demonstration of the electrical switching and detection of the Néel order open a route towards memory devices based on antiferromagnets. Apart from the radiation and magnetic-field hardness, memory cells fabricated from antiferromagnets can be inherently multilevel, whichmore » could be used for neuromorphic computing. Switching speeds attainable in antiferromagnets far exceed those of ferromagnetic and semiconductor memory technologies. Here we review the recent progress in electronic spin-transport and spin-torque phenomena in antiferromagnets that are dominantly of the relativistic quantum mechanical origin. We discuss their utility in pure antiferromagnetic or hybrid ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic memory devices.« less

  18. Spin transport and spin torque in antiferromagnetic devices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Železný, J.; Wadley, P.; Olejník, K.; Hoffmann, A.; Ohno, H.

    2018-03-01

    Ferromagnets are key materials for sensing and memory applications. In contrast, antiferromagnets, which represent the more common form of magnetically ordered materials, have found less practical application beyond their use for establishing reference magnetic orientations via exchange bias. This might change in the future due to the recent progress in materials research and discoveries of antiferromagnetic spintronic phenomena suitable for device applications. Experimental demonstration of the electrical switching and detection of the Néel order open a route towards memory devices based on antiferromagnets. Apart from the radiation and magnetic-field hardness, memory cells fabricated from antiferromagnets can be inherently multilevel, which could be used for neuromorphic computing. Switching speeds attainable in antiferromagnets far exceed those of ferromagnetic and semiconductor memory technologies. Here, we review the recent progress in electronic spin-transport and spin-torque phenomena in antiferromagnets that are dominantly of the relativistic quantum-mechanical origin. We discuss their utility in pure antiferromagnetic or hybrid ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic memory devices.

  19. Antiferromagnetic exchange and magnetoresistance enhancement in Co-Re superlattices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Freitas, P. P.; Melo, L. V.; Trindade, I.; From, M.; Ferreira, J.; Monteiro, P.

    1992-02-01

    Co-Re superlattices were prepared that show either antiferromagnetic or ferromagnetic coupling between the Co layers depending on the Re spacer thickness. Enhanced saturation magnetoresistance occurs for antiferromagnetically coupled layers. The saturation magnetoresistance decays exponentially with Re thickness but does not depend critically on the Co thickness.

  20. Magnetic-field-induced irreversible antiferromagnetic-ferromagnetic phase transition around room temperature in as-cast Sm-Co based SmCo7-xSix alloys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Feng, D. Y.; Zhao, L. Z.; Liu, Z. W.

    2016-04-01

    A magnetic-field-induced irreversible metamagnetic phase transition from antiferro- to ferromagnetism, which leads to an anomalous initial-magnetization curve lying outside the magnetic hysteresis loop, is reported in arc-melted SmCo7-xSix alloys. The transition temperatures are near room temperature, much higher than other compounds with similar initial curves. Detailed investigation shows that this phenomenon is dependent on temperature, magnetic field and Si content and shows some interesting characteristics. It is suggested that varying interactions between the Sm and Co layers in the crystal are responsible for the formation of a metastable AFM structure, which induces the anomalous phenomenon in as-cast alloys. The random occupation of 3g sites by Si and Co atoms also has an effect on this phenomenon.

  1. Unconventional resistivity at the border of metallic antiferromagnetism in NiS2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Niklowitz, P. G.; Alireza, P. L.; Steiner, M. J.; Lonzarich, G. G.; Braithwaite, D.; Knebel, G.; Flouquet, J.; Wilson, J. A.

    2008-03-01

    We report low-temperature and high-pressure measurements of the electrical resistivity ρ(T) of the antiferromagnetic compound NiS2 in its high-pressure metallic state. The form of ρ(T,p) suggests the presence of a quantum phase transition at a critical pressure pc=76±5kbar . Near pc , the temperature variation of ρ(T) is similar to that observed in NiS2-xSex near the critical composition x=1 , where metallic antiferromagnetism is suppressed at ambient pressure. In both cases, ρ(T) varies approximately as T1.5 over a wide range below 100K . This lets us assume that the high-pressure metallic phase of stoichiometric NiS2 also develops itinerant antiferromagnetism, which becomes suppressed at pc . However, on closer analysis, the resistivity exponent in NiS2 exhibits an undulating variation with temperature not seen in NiSSe (x=1) . This difference in behavior may be due to the effects of spin-fluctuation scattering of charge carriers on cold and hot spots of the Fermi surface in the presence of quenched disorder, which is higher in NiSSe than in stoichiometric NiS2 .

  2. Antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations in the heavy-fermion superconductor Ce2PdIn8

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tran, V. H.; Hillier, A. D.; Adroja, D. T.; Kaczorowski, D.

    2012-09-01

    Inelastic neutron scattering and muon spin relaxation/rotation (μSR) measurements were performed on the heavy-fermion superconductor Ce2PdIn8. The observed scaling of the imaginary part of the dynamical susceptibility χ''Tα∝f(ℏω/kBT) with α=3/2 revealed a non-Fermi liquid character of the normal state, being due to critical antiferromagnetic fluctuations near a T=0 quantum phase transition. The longitudinal-field μSR measurements indicated that superconductivity and antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations coexist in Ce2PdIn8 on a microscopic scale. The observed power-law temperature dependence of the magnetic penetration depth λ∝T3/2, deduced from the transverse-field μSR data, strongly confirms an unconventional superconductivity in this compound.

  3. Structural and spectroscopic properties of the polar antiferromagnet N i2MnTe O6

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Retuerto, Maria; Skiadopoulou, Stella; Borodavka, Fedir; Kadlec, Christelle; Kadlec, Filip; Prokleška, Jan; Deng, Zheng; Alonso, Jose A.; Fernandez-Diaz, Maria T.; Saouma, Felix O.; Jang, Joon I.; Legut, Dominik; Kamba, Stanislav; Greenblatt, Martha

    2018-04-01

    We present a structural and spectroscopic study of the compound N i2MnTe O6 , closely related to the polar antiferromagnet N i3Te O6 known to show a colossal magnetoelectric effect and pronounced elementary magnetoelectric excitations. We prepared single crystals and polycrystalline samples of N i2MnTe O6 showing the same polar structure as N i3Te O6 from room temperature down to 4 K with the R 3 space-group symmetry. Magnetic and dielectric measurements have indicated an antiferromagnetic phase transition at TN≈70 K , almost 20 K higher than that of N i3Te O6 . Extensive infrared, Raman, and terahertz spectroscopy experiments were employed for investigating lattice and spin excitations, revealing all phonons predicted by the factor group analysis. Terahertz spectra below TN reveal one new excitation, which is strongly influenced by external magnetic field, thus assigned to a magnon.

  4. Magnetic Interaction in the Geometrically Frustrated Triangular LatticeAntiferromagnet CuFeO2

    SciTech Connect

    Ye, Feng; Fernandez-Baca, Jaime A; Fishman, Randy Scott

    2007-01-01

    The spin wave excitations of the geometrically frustrated triangular lattice antiferromagnet (TLA) CuFeO2 have been measured using high resolution inelastic neutron scattering. Antiferromagnetic interactions up to third nearest neighbors in the ab plane (J1, J2, J3, with J2=J1 0:44 and J3=J1 0:57), as well as out-of-plane coupling (Jz, with Jz=J1 0:29) are required to describe the spin wave dispersion relations, indicating a three dimensional character of the magnetic interactions. Two energy deeps in the spin wave dispersion occur at the incommensurate wavevectors associated with multiferroic phase, and can be interpreted as dynamic precursors to the magnetoelectric behavior in this system.

  5. Kinetically Inhibited Order in a Diamond-Lattice Antiferromagnet

    SciTech Connect

    MacDougall, Gregory J; Gout, Delphine J; Zarestky, Jerel L

    2011-01-01

    Frustrated magnetic systems exhibit highly degenerate ground states and strong fluctuations, often leading to new physics. An intriguing example of current interest is the antiferromagnet on a diamond lattice, realized physically in the A-site spinel materials. This is a prototypical system in three dimensions where frustration arises from competing interactions rather than purely geometric constraints, and theory suggests the possibility of novel order at low temperature. Here we present a comprehensive single crystal neutron scattering study CoAl2O4, a highly frustrated A-site spinel. We observe strong diffuse scattering that peaks at wavevectors associated with Neel ordering. Below the temperature T*=6.5K, theremore » is a dramatic change in elastic scattering lineshape accompanied by the emergence of well-defined spin-wave excitations. T* had previously been associated with the onset of glassy behavior. Our new results suggest instead that in fact T* signifies a first-order phase transition, but with true long-range order inhibited by the kinetic freezing of domain walls. This scenario might be expected to occur widely in frustrated systems containing first-order phase transitions and is a natural explanation for existing reports of anomalous glassy behavior in other materials.« less

  6. Coexistence of charge order and antiferromagnetism in (TMTTF)2SbF6: NMR study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nomura, K.; Yamamoto, M.; Matsunaga, N.; Hirose, S.; Shimohara, N.; Satoh, T.; Isome, T.; Liu, Y.; Kawamoto, A.

    2015-03-01

    The electronic state of (TMTTF)2SbF6 was investigated by the 1H and 13C NMR measurements. The temperature dependence of T1-1 in 1H NMR shows a sharp peak associated with the antiferromagnetic transition at TAF=6 K. The temperature dependence of T1-1 is described by the power law T2.4 below TAF. This suggests the nodal gapless spin wave excitation in antiferromagnetic phase. In 13C NMR, two sharp peaks at high temperature region, associated with the inner and the outer carbon sites in TMTTF dimer, split into four peaks below 150 K. It indicates that the charge disproportionation occurs. The degree of charge disproportionation Δρ is estimated as (0.25±0.09)e from the chemical shift difference. This value of Δρ is consistent with that obtained from the infrared spectroscopy. In the antiferromagnetic state (AFI), the observed line shape is well fitted by eight Lorentzian peaks. This suggests that the charge order with the same degree still remains in the AF state. From the line assignment, the AF staggered spin amplitude is obtained as 0.70 μB and 0.24 μB at the charge rich and the poor sites, respectively. These values corresponding to almost 1 μB per dimer are quite different from 0.11 μB of another AF (AFII) state in (TMTTF)2Br with effective higher pressure. As a result, it is understood that the antiferromagnetic staggered spin order is stabilized on the CO state in the AFI phase of (TMTTF)2SbF6.

  7. Strong correlation induced charge localization in antiferromagnets

    PubMed Central

    Zhu, Zheng; Jiang, Hong-Chen; Qi, Yang; Tian, Chushun; Weng, Zheng-Yu

    2013-01-01

    The fate of a hole injected in an antiferromagnet is an outstanding issue of strongly correlated physics. It provides important insights into doped Mott insulators closely related to high-temperature superconductivity. Here, we report a systematic numerical study of t-J ladder systems based on the density matrix renormalization group. It reveals a surprising result for the single hole's motion in an otherwise well-understood undoped system. Specifically, we find that the common belief of quasiparticle picture is invalidated by the self-localization of the doped hole. In contrast to Anderson localization caused by disorders, the charge localization discovered here is an entirely new phenomenon purely of strong correlation origin. It results from destructive quantum interference of novel signs picked up by the hole, and since the same effect is of a generic feature of doped Mott physics, our findings unveil a new paradigm which may go beyond the single hole doped system. PMID:24002668

  8. Quantum phases in circuit QED with a superconducting qubit array

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Yuanwei; Yu, Lixian; Liang, J. -Q; Chen, Gang; Jia, Suotang; Nori, Franco

    2014-01-01

    Circuit QED on a chip has become a powerful platform for simulating complex many-body physics. In this report, we realize a Dicke-Ising model with an antiferromagnetic nearest-neighbor spin-spin interaction in circuit QED with a superconducting qubit array. We show that this system exhibits a competition between the collective spin-photon interaction and the antiferromagnetic nearest-neighbor spin-spin interaction, and then predict four quantum phases, including: a paramagnetic normal phase, an antiferromagnetic normal phase, a paramagnetic superradiant phase, and an antiferromagnetic superradiant phase. The antiferromagnetic normal phase and the antiferromagnetic superradiant phase are new phases in many-body quantum optics. In the antiferromagnetic superradiant phase, both the antiferromagnetic and superradiant orders can coexist, and thus the system possesses symmetry. Moreover, we find an unconventional photon signature in this phase. In future experiments, these predicted quantum phases could be distinguished by detecting both the mean-photon number and the magnetization. PMID:24522250

  9. Signatures of the Mott transition in the antiferromagnetic state of the two-dimensional Hubbard model

    DOE PAGES

    Fratino, L.; Sémon, P.; Charlebois, M.; ...

    2017-06-06

    The properties of a phase with large correlation length can be strongly influenced by the underlying normal phase. Here, we illustrate this by studying the half-filled two-dimensional Hubbard model using cellular dynamical mean-field theory with continuous-time quantum Monte Carlo. Sharp crossovers in the mechanism that favors antiferromagnetic correlations and in the corresponding local density of states are observed. We found that these crossovers occur at values of the interaction strength U and temperature T that are controlled by the underlying normal-state Mott transition.

  10. Magnetoelectric control of spin-chiral ferroelectric domains in a triangular lattice antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kimura, Kenta; Nakamura, Hiroyuki; Ohgushi, Kenya; Kimura, Tsuyoshi

    2008-10-01

    We have grown single crystals of a triangular lattice antiferromagnet (TLA), CuCrO2 , and investigated the correlation between magnetic and dielectric properties. Two magnetic phase transitions are observed at TN2≈24.2K and TN1≈23.6K . It was found that ferroelectric polarization along the triangular lattice plane develops at TN1 , suggesting that the system undergoes a transition into an out-of-plane 120° spin-chiral phase at TN1 . The TLA provides an opportunity for unique magnetoelectric control of spin-chiral ferroelectric domain structures by means of electric and/or magnetic fields.

  11. Magnonic analog of relativistic Zitterbewegung in an antiferromagnetic spin chain

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Weiwei; Gu, Chenjie; Zhou, Yan; Fangohr, Hans

    2017-07-01

    We theoretically investigate the spin-wave (magnon) excitations in a classical antiferromagnetic spin chain with easy-axis anisotropy. We obtain a Dirac-like equation by linearizing the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation in this antiferromagnetic system, in contrast to the ferromagnetic system in which a Schrödinger-type equation is derived. The Hamiltonian operator in the Dirac-like equation is a pseudo-Hermitian. We compute and demonstrate relativistic Zitterbewegung (trembling motion) in the antiferromagnetic spin chain by measuring the expectation values of the wave-packet position.

  12. Evidence for Coexistence of Bulk Superconductivity and Itinerant Antiferromagnetism in the Heavy Fermion System CeCo(In1−xCdx)5

    PubMed Central

    Howald, Ludovic; Stilp, Evelyn; de Réotier, Pierre Dalmas; Yaouanc, Alain; Raymond, Stéphane; Piamonteze, Cinthia; Lapertot, Gérard; Baines, Christopher; Keller, Hugo

    2015-01-01

    In the generic phase diagram of heavy fermion systems, tuning an external parameter such as hydrostatic or chemical pressure modifies the superconducting transition temperature. The superconducting phase forms a dome in the temperature—tuning parameter phase diagram, which is associated with a maximum of the superconducting pairing interaction. Proximity to antiferromagnetism suggests a relation between the disappearance of antiferromagnetic order and superconductivity. We combine muon spin rotation, neutron scattering, and x-ray absorption spectroscopy techniques to gain access to the magnetic and electronic structure of CeCo(In1−xCdx)5 at different time scales. Different magnetic structures are obtained that indicate a magnetic order of itinerant character, coexisting with bulk superconductivity. The suppression of the antiferromagnetic order appears to be driven by a modification of the bandwidth/carrier concentration, implying that the electronic structure and consequently the interplay of superconductivity and magnetism is strongly affected by hydrostatic and chemical pressure. PMID:26224422

  13. Electrostatic doping as a source for robust ferromagnetism at the interface between antiferromagnetic cobalt oxides

    PubMed Central

    Li, Zi-An; Fontaíña-Troitiño, N.; Kovács, A.; Liébana-Viñas, S.; Spasova, M.; Dunin-Borkowski, R. E.; Müller, M.; Doennig, D.; Pentcheva, R.; Farle, M.; Salgueiriño, V.

    2015-01-01

    Polar oxide interfaces are an important focus of research due to their novel functionality which is not available in the bulk constituents. So far, research has focused mainly on heterointerfaces derived from the perovskite structure. It is important to extend our understanding of electronic reconstruction phenomena to a broader class of materials and structure types. Here we report from high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and quantitative magnetometry a robust – above room temperature (Curie temperature TC ≫ 300 K) – environmentally stable- ferromagnetically coupled interface layer between the antiferromagnetic rocksalt CoO core and a 2–4 nm thick antiferromagnetic spinel Co3O4 surface layer in octahedron-shaped nanocrystals. Density functional theory calculations with an on-site Coulomb repulsion parameter identify the origin of the experimentally observed ferromagnetic phase as a charge transfer process (partial reduction) of Co3+ to Co2+ at the CoO/Co3O4 interface, with Co2+ being in the low spin state, unlike the high spin state of its counterpart in CoO. This finding may serve as a guideline for designing new functional nanomagnets based on oxidation resistant antiferromagnetic transition metal oxides. PMID:25613569

  14. Large anomalous Hall effect in a non-collinear antiferromagnet Mn3Sn at room temperature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Higo, Tomoya; Kiyohara, Naoki; Nakatsuji, Satoru

    Recent development in theoretical and experimental studies have provided a framework for understanding the anomalous Hall effect using Berry-phase concepts, and this perspective has led to predictions that, under certain conditions, a large anomalous Hall effect may appear in spin liquids and antiferromagnets. In this talk, we will present experimental results showing that the antiferromagnet Mn3Sn, which has a non-collinear 120-degree spin order, exhibits a large anomalous Hall effect. The magnitude of the Hall conductivity is ~ 20 Ω-1 cm-1 at room temperature and > 100 Ω-1 cm-1 at low temperatures. We found that a main component of the Hall signal, which is nearly independent of a magnetic field and magnetization, can change the sign with the reversal of a small applied field, corresponding to the rotation of the staggered moments of the non-collinear antiferromagnetic spin order which carries a very small net moment of a few of mμB. Supported by PRESTO, JST, and Grants-in-Aid for Program for Advancing Strategic International Networks to Accelerate the Circulation of Talented Researchers (No. R2604) and Scientific Research on Innovative Areas (15H05882 and 15H05883) from JSPS.

  15. First-Order Antiferromagnetic Transition and Fermi Surfaces in Semimetal EuSn3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mori, Akinobu; Miura, Yasunao; Tsutsumi, Hiroki; Mitamura, Katsuya; Hagiwara, Masayuki; Sugiyama, Kiyohiro; Hirose, Yusuke; Honda, Fuminori; Takeuchi, Tetsuya; Nakamura, Ai; Hiranaka, Yuichi; Hedo, Masato; Nakama, Takao; Ōnuki, Yoshichika

    2014-02-01

    We grew high-quality single crystals of the antiferromagnet EuSn3 with the AuCu3-type cubic crystal structure by the Sn self-flux method and measured the electrical resistivity, magnetic susceptibility, high-field magnetization, specific heat, thermal expansion, and de Haas-van Alphen (dHvA) effect, in order to study the magnetic and Fermi surface properties. We observed steplike changes in the electrical resistivity and magnetic susceptibility, and a sharp peak of the specific heat and thermal expansion coefficient at a Néel temperature TN = 36.4 K. The first-order nature of the antiferromagnetic transition was ascertained by the observation of thermal hysteresis as well as of latent heat at TN. The present antiferromagnetic transition is found to be not a typical second-order phase transition but a first-order one. From the results of dHvA experiment, we clarified that the Fermi surface is very similar to that of the divalent compound YbSn3, mainly consisting of a nearly spherical hole Fermi surface and eight ellipsoidal electron Fermi surfaces. EuSn3 is possibly a compensated metal, and the occupation of a nearly spherical hole Fermi surface is 3.5% in its Brillouin zone, indicating that EuSn3 is a semimetal.

  16. Electrostatic doping as a source for robust ferromagnetism at the interface between antiferromagnetic cobalt oxides.

    PubMed

    Li, Zi-An; Fontaíña-Troitiño, N; Kovács, A; Liébana-Viñas, S; Spasova, M; Dunin-Borkowski, R E; Müller, M; Doennig, D; Pentcheva, R; Farle, M; Salgueiriño, V

    2015-01-23

    Polar oxide interfaces are an important focus of research due to their novel functionality which is not available in the bulk constituents. So far, research has focused mainly on heterointerfaces derived from the perovskite structure. It is important to extend our understanding of electronic reconstruction phenomena to a broader class of materials and structure types. Here we report from high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and quantitative magnetometry a robust – above room temperature (Curie temperature TC ≫ 300 K) – environmentally stable- ferromagnetically coupled interface layer between the antiferromagnetic rocksalt CoO core and a 2-4 nm thick antiferromagnetic spinel Co3O4 surface layer in octahedron-shaped nanocrystals. Density functional theory calculations with an on-site Coulomb repulsion parameter identify the origin of the experimentally observed ferromagnetic phase as a charge transfer process (partial reduction) of Co(3+) to Co(2+) at the CoO/Co3O4 interface, with Co(2+) being in the low spin state, unlike the high spin state of its counterpart in CoO. This finding may serve as a guideline for designing new functional nanomagnets based on oxidation resistant antiferromagnetic transition metal oxides.

  17. Antidamping-Torque-Induced Switching in Biaxial Antiferromagnetic Insulators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, X. Z.; Zarzuela, R.; Zhang, J.; Song, C.; Zhou, X. F.; Shi, G. Y.; Li, F.; Zhou, H. A.; Jiang, W. J.; Pan, F.; Tserkovnyak, Y.

    2018-05-01

    We investigate the current-induced switching of the Néel order in NiO (001 )/Pt heterostructures, which is manifested electrically via the spin Hall magnetoresistance. Significant reversible changes in the longitudinal and transverse resistances are found at room temperature for a current threshold lying in the range of 1 07 A /cm2 . The order-parameter switching is ascribed to the antiferromagnetic dynamics triggered by the (current-induced) antidamping torque, which orients the Néel order towards the direction of the writing current. This is in stark contrast to the case of antiferromagnets such as Mn2Au and CuMnAs, where fieldlike torques induced by the Edelstein effect drive the Néel switching, therefore resulting in an orthogonal alignment between the Néel order and the writing current. Our findings can be readily generalized to other biaxial antiferromagnets, providing broad opportunities for all-electrical writing and readout in antiferromagnetic spintronics.

  18. Ultrafast Band Engineering and Transient Spin Currents in Antiferromagnetic Oxides

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gu, Mingqiang; Rondinelli, James M.

    2016-04-01

    We report a dynamic structure and band engineering strategy with experimental protocols to induce indirect-to-direct band gap transitions and coherently oscillating pure spin-currents in three-dimensional antiferromagnets (AFM) using selective phononic excitations. In the Mott insulator LaTiO3, we show that a photo-induced nonequilibrium phonon mode amplitude destroys the spin and orbitally degenerate ground state, reduces the band gap by 160 meV and renormalizes the carrier masses. The time scale of this process is a few hundreds of femtoseconds. Then in the hole-doped correlated metallic titanate, we show how pure spin-currents can be achieved to yield spin-polarizations exceeding those observed in classic semiconductors. Last, we demonstrate the generality of the approach by applying it to the non-orbitally degenerate AFM CaMnO3. These results advance our understanding of electron-lattice interactions in structures out-of-equilibrium and establish a rational framework for designing dynamic phases that may be exploited in ultrafast optoelectronic and optospintronic devices.

  19. Ultrafast Band Engineering and Transient Spin Currents in Antiferromagnetic Oxides.

    PubMed

    Gu, Mingqiang; Rondinelli, James M

    2016-04-29

    We report a dynamic structure and band engineering strategy with experimental protocols to induce indirect-to-direct band gap transitions and coherently oscillating pure spin-currents in three-dimensional antiferromagnets (AFM) using selective phononic excitations. In the Mott insulator LaTiO3, we show that a photo-induced nonequilibrium phonon mode amplitude destroys the spin and orbitally degenerate ground state, reduces the band gap by 160 meV and renormalizes the carrier masses. The time scale of this process is a few hundreds of femtoseconds. Then in the hole-doped correlated metallic titanate, we show how pure spin-currents can be achieved to yield spin-polarizations exceeding those observed in classic semiconductors. Last, we demonstrate the generality of the approach by applying it to the non-orbitally degenerate AFM CaMnO3. These results advance our understanding of electron-lattice interactions in structures out-of-equilibrium and establish a rational framework for designing dynamic phases that may be exploited in ultrafast optoelectronic and optospintronic devices.

  20. Jamming Behavior of Domain Walls in an Antiferromagnetic Film

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sinha, Sunil

    2014-03-01

    Over the last few years, attempts have been made to unify many aspects of the freezing behavior of glasses, granular materials, gels, supercooled liquids, etc. into a general conceptual framework of what is called jamming behavior. This occurs when particles reach packing densities high enough that their motions become highly restricted. A general phase diagram has been proposed onto which various materials systems, e.g glasses or granular materials, can be mapped. We will discuss some recent applications of resonant and non-resonant soft X-ray Grazing Incidence Scattering to mesoscopic science, for example the study of magnetic domain wall fluctuations in thin films. For these studies, we use resonant magnetic x-ray scattering with a coherent photon beam and the technique of X-ray Photon Correlation Spectroscopy. find that at the ordering temperature the domains of an antiferromagnetic system, namely Dysprosium metal, behave very much also like a jammed system and their associated fluctuations exhibit behavior which exhibit some of the universal characteristics of jammed systems, such as non-exponential relaxation and Vogel-Fulcher type freezing. Work supported by Basic Energy Sciences, U.S. Dept. of Energy under Grant Number: DE-SC0003678.

  1. Magnetoelectric antiferromagnets as platforms for the manipulation of solitons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zarzuela, Ricardo; Kim, Se Kwon; Tserkovnyak, Yaroslav

    2018-01-01

    We study the magnetic dynamics of magnetoelectric antiferromagnetic thin films, where an unconventional boundary ferromagnetism coexists with the bulk Néel phase below the Néel temperature. The spin exchange between the two order parameters yields an effective low-energy theory that is formally equivalent to that of a ferrimagnet. Dynamics of domain walls and skyrmions are analyzed within the collective-variable approach, from which we conclude that they behave as massive particles moving in a viscous medium subjected to a gyrotropic force. We find that the film thickness can be used as a control parameter for the motion of these solitons. In this regard, it is shown that an external magnetic field can drive the dynamics of domain walls, whose terminal velocity is tunable with the sample thickness. Furthermore, the classification of the skyrmion dynamics is sensitive to the spatial modulation of the sample thickness, which can be easily engineered with the present (thin-film) deposition techniques. Current-driven spin transfer can trigger drifting orbits of skyrmions, which can be utilized as racetracks for these magnetic textures.

  2. Ultrafast band engineering and transient spin currents in antiferromagnetic oxides

    DOE PAGES

    Gu, Mingqiang; Rondinelli, James M.

    2016-04-29

    Here, we report a dynamic structure and band engineering strategy with experimental protocols to induce indirect-to-direct band gap transitions and coherently oscillating pure spin-currents in three-dimensional antiferromagnets (AFM) using selective phononic excitations. In the Mott insulator LaTiO 3, we show that a photo-induced nonequilibrium phonon mode amplitude destroys the spin and orbitally degenerate ground state, reduces the band gap by 160 meV and renormalizes the carrier masses. The time scale of this process is a few hundreds of femtoseconds. Then in the hole-doped correlated metallic titanate, we show how pure spin-currents can be achieved to yield spin-polarizations exceeding those observedmore » in classic semiconductors. Last, we demonstrate the generality of the approach by applying it to the non-orbitally degenerate AFM CaMnO 3. These results advance our understanding of electron-lattice interactions in structures out-of-equilibrium and establish a rational framework for designing dynamic phases that may be exploited in ultrafast optoelectronic and optospintronic devices.« less

  3. High magnetic field magnetization of a new triangular lattice antiferromagnet

    SciTech Connect

    Zhou, H. D.; Stritzinger, Laurel Elaine Winter; Harrison, Neil

    2017-03-23

    In CsV(MoO 4) 2, the magnetic V 3+ ions with octahedral oxygen-coordination form a geometrically frustrated triangular lattice. So fare, there is no magnetic properties reported on it. Recently, we successfully grew single crystals of CsV(MoO 4) 2 by using flux method. The susceptibility shows a sharp drop around 24 K, representing a long range magnetic ordering. To understand the physical properties of this new triangular lattice antiferromagnet (TLAF), we pursued high field magnetization measurements to answer two questions: (i) what is the saturation field, which will be very useful to calculate the exchange interaction of the system? (ii) Willmore » it exhibit spin state transition, such as the up up down phase with 1/3-saturation moment as other TLAFs? Recently, we performed VSM measurements in Cell 8, Tallahassee, NHMFL, the results show that the magnetization reaches 0.38 MuB at 34 T, which is just 19% of the full moment of 2 MuB for V 3+ (3d 2) ions. Apparently we need higher field to reach 1/3 value or full moment.« less

  4. Ultrafast Band Engineering and Transient Spin Currents in Antiferromagnetic Oxides

    PubMed Central

    Gu, Mingqiang; Rondinelli, James M.

    2016-01-01

    We report a dynamic structure and band engineering strategy with experimental protocols to induce indirect-to-direct band gap transitions and coherently oscillating pure spin-currents in three-dimensional antiferromagnets (AFM) using selective phononic excitations. In the Mott insulator LaTiO3, we show that a photo-induced nonequilibrium phonon mode amplitude destroys the spin and orbitally degenerate ground state, reduces the band gap by 160 meV and renormalizes the carrier masses. The time scale of this process is a few hundreds of femtoseconds. Then in the hole-doped correlated metallic titanate, we show how pure spin-currents can be achieved to yield spin-polarizations exceeding those observed in classic semiconductors. Last, we demonstrate the generality of the approach by applying it to the non-orbitally degenerate AFM CaMnO3. These results advance our understanding of electron-lattice interactions in structures out-of-equilibrium and establish a rational framework for designing dynamic phases that may be exploited in ultrafast optoelectronic and optospintronic devices. PMID:27126354

  5. Spin-transfer torque induced spin waves in antiferromagnetic insulators

    DOE PAGES

    Daniels, Matthew W.; Guo, Wei; Stocks, George Malcolm; ...

    2015-01-01

    We explore the possibility of exciting spin waves in insulating antiferromagnetic films by injecting spin current at the surface. We analyze both magnetically compensated and uncompensated interfaces. We find that the spin current induced spin-transfer torque can excite spin waves in insulating antiferromagnetic materials and that the chirality of the excited spin wave is determined by the polarization of the injected spin current. Furthermore, the presence of magnetic surface anisotropy can greatly increase the accessibility of these excitations.

  6. Spin-Mechanical Inertia in Antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cheng, Ran; Wu, Xiaochuan; Xiao, Di

    Interplay between spin dynamics and mechanical motions is responsible for numerous striking phenomena, which has shaped a rapidly expanding field known as spin-mechanics. The guiding principle of this field has been the conservation of angular momentum that involves both quantum spins and classical mechanical rotations. However, in an antiferromagnet, the macroscopic magnetization vanishes while the order parameter (Néel order) does not carry an angular momentum. It is therefore not clear whether the order parameter dynamics has any mechanical consequence as its ferromagnetic counterparts. Here we demonstrate that the Néel order dynamics affects the mechanical motion of a rigid body by modifying its inertia tensor in the presence of strong magnetocrystalline anisotropy. This effect depends on temperature when magnon excitations are considered. Such a spin-mechanical inertia can produce measurable consequences at nanometer scales. Our discovery establishes spin-mechanical inertia as an essential ingredient to properly describe spin-mechanical effects in AFs, which supplements the known governing physics from angular momentum conservation. This work was supported by the DOE, Basic Energy Sciences, Grant No. DE-SC0012509. D.X. also acknowledges support from a Research Corporation for Science Advancement Cottrell Scholar Award.

  7. Helical waves in easy-plane antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Semenov, Yuriy G.; Li, Xi-Lai; Xu, Xinyi; Kim, Ki Wook

    2017-12-01

    Effective spin torques can generate the Néel vector oscillations in antiferromagnets (AFMs). Here, it is theoretically shown that these torques applied at one end of a normal AFM strip can excite a helical type of spin wave in the strip whose properties are drastically different from characteristic spin waves. An analysis based on both a Néel vector dynamical equation and the micromagnetic simulation identifies the direction of magnetic anisotropy and the damping factor as the two key parameters determining the dynamics. Helical wave propagation requires the hard axis of the easy-plane AFM to be aligned with the traveling direction, while the damping limits its spatial extent. If the damping is neglected, the calculation leads to a uniform periodic domain wall structure. On the other hand, finite damping decelerates the helical wave rotation around the hard axis, ultimately causing stoppage of its propagation along the strip. With the group velocity staying close to spin-wave velocity at the wave front, the wavelength becomes correspondingly longer away from the excitation point. In a sufficiently short strip, a steady-state oscillation can be established whose frequency is controlled by the waveguide length as well as the excitation energy or torque.

  8. Robust ferromagnetism carried by antiferromagnetic domain walls

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hirose, Hishiro T.; Yamaura, Jun-Ichi; Hiroi, Zenji

    2017-02-01

    Ferroic materials, such as ferromagnetic or ferroelectric materials, have been utilized as recording media for memory devices. A recent trend for downsizing, however, requires an alternative, because ferroic orders tend to become unstable for miniaturization. The domain wall nanoelectronics is a new developing direction for next-generation devices, in which atomic domain walls, rather than conventional, large domains themselves, are the active elements. Here we show that atomically thin magnetic domain walls generated in the antiferromagnetic insulator Cd2Os2O7 carry unusual ferromagnetic moments perpendicular to the wall as well as electron conductivity: the ferromagnetic moments are easily polarized even by a tiny field of 1 mT at high temperature, while, once cooled down, they are surprisingly robust even in an inverse magnetic field of 7 T. Thus, the magnetic domain walls could serve as a new-type of microscopic, switchable and electrically readable magnetic medium which is potentially important for future applications in the domain wall nanoelectronics.

  9. Weyl magnons in noncoplanar stacked kagome antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Owerre, S. A.

    2018-03-01

    Weyl nodes have been experimentally realized in photonic, electronic, and phononic crystals. However, magnonic Weyl nodes are yet to be seen experimentally. In this paper, we propose Weyl magnon nodes in noncoplanar stacked frustrated kagome antiferromagnets, naturally available in various real materials. Most crucially, the Weyl nodes in the current system occur at the lowest excitation and possess a topological thermal Hall effect, therefore they are experimentally accessible at low temperatures due to the population effect of bosonic quasiparticles. In stark contrast to other magnetic systems, the current Weyl nodes do not rely on time-reversal symmetry breaking by the magnetic order. Rather, they result from explicit macroscopically broken time reversal symmetry by the scalar spin chirality of noncoplanar spin textures and can be generalized to chiral spin liquid states. Moreover, the scalar spin chirality gives a real space Berry curvature which is not available in previously studied magnetic Weyl systems. We show the existence of magnon arc surface states connecting projected Weyl magnon nodes on the surface Brillouin zone. We also uncover the first realization of triply-degenerate nodal magnon point in the noncollinear regime with zero scalar spin chirality.

  10. Antiferromagnetic Skyrmion: Stability, Creation and Manipulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Xichao; Zhou, Yan; Ezawa, Motohiko

    2016-04-01

    Magnetic skyrmions are particle-like topological excitations in ferromagnets, which have the topo-logical number Q = ± 1, and hence show the skyrmion Hall effect (SkHE) due to the Magnus force effect originating from the topology. Here, we propose the counterpart of the magnetic skyrmion in the antiferromagnetic (AFM) system, that is, the AFM skyrmion, which is topologically protected but without showing the SkHE. Two approaches for creating the AFM skyrmion have been described based on micromagnetic lattice simulations: (i) by injecting a vertical spin-polarized current to a nanodisk with the AFM ground state; (ii) by converting an AFM domain-wall pair in a nanowire junction. It is demonstrated that the AFM skyrmion, driven by the spin-polarized current, can move straightly over long distance, benefiting from the absence of the SkHE. Our results will open a new strategy on designing the novel spintronic devices based on AFM materials.

  11. Robust ferromagnetism carried by antiferromagnetic domain walls

    PubMed Central

    Hirose, Hishiro T.; Yamaura, Jun-ichi; Hiroi, Zenji

    2017-01-01

    Ferroic materials, such as ferromagnetic or ferroelectric materials, have been utilized as recording media for memory devices. A recent trend for downsizing, however, requires an alternative, because ferroic orders tend to become unstable for miniaturization. The domain wall nanoelectronics is a new developing direction for next-generation devices, in which atomic domain walls, rather than conventional, large domains themselves, are the active elements. Here we show that atomically thin magnetic domain walls generated in the antiferromagnetic insulator Cd2Os2O7 carry unusual ferromagnetic moments perpendicular to the wall as well as electron conductivity: the ferromagnetic moments are easily polarized even by a tiny field of 1 mT at high temperature, while, once cooled down, they are surprisingly robust even in an inverse magnetic field of 7 T. Thus, the magnetic domain walls could serve as a new-type of microscopic, switchable and electrically readable magnetic medium which is potentially important for future applications in the domain wall nanoelectronics. PMID:28195565

  12. Room-temperature antiferromagnetic memory resistor.

    PubMed

    Marti, X; Fina, I; Frontera, C; Liu, Jian; Wadley, P; He, Q; Paull, R J; Clarkson, J D; Kudrnovský, J; Turek, I; Kuneš, J; Yi, D; Chu, J-H; Nelson, C T; You, L; Arenholz, E; Salahuddin, S; Fontcuberta, J; Jungwirth, T; Ramesh, R

    2014-04-01

    The bistability of ordered spin states in ferromagnets provides the basis for magnetic memory functionality. The latest generation of magnetic random access memories rely on an efficient approach in which magnetic fields are replaced by electrical means for writing and reading the information in ferromagnets. This concept may eventually reduce the sensitivity of ferromagnets to magnetic field perturbations to being a weakness for data retention and the ferromagnetic stray fields to an obstacle for high-density memory integration. Here we report a room-temperature bistable antiferromagnetic (AFM) memory that produces negligible stray fields and is insensitive to strong magnetic fields. We use a resistor made of a FeRh AFM, which orders ferromagnetically roughly 100 K above room temperature, and therefore allows us to set different collective directions for the Fe moments by applied magnetic field. On cooling to room temperature, AFM order sets in with the direction of the AFM moments predetermined by the field and moment direction in the high-temperature ferromagnetic state. For electrical reading, we use an AFM analogue of the anisotropic magnetoresistance. Our microscopic theory modelling confirms that this archetypical spintronic effect, discovered more than 150 years ago in ferromagnets, is also present in AFMs. Our work demonstrates the feasibility of fabricating room-temperature spintronic memories with AFMs, which in turn expands the base of available magnetic materials for devices with properties that cannot be achieved with ferromagnets.

  13. Interplay between the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya term and external fields on spin transport in the spin-1/2 one-dimensional antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lima, L. S.

    2018-05-01

    We study the effect of the uniform Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (symmetric exchange anisotropy) and arbitrary oriented external magnetic fields on spin conductivity in the spin-1/2 one-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnet. The spin conductivity is calculated employing abelian bosonization and the Kubo formalism of transport. We investigate the influence of three competing phases at zero-temperature, (Néel phase, dimerized phase and gapless Luttinger liquid phase) on the AC spin conductivity.

  14. Large anomalous Nernst and spin Nernst effects in the noncollinear antiferromagnets Mn3X (X =Sn ,Ge ,Ga )

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guo, Guang-Yu; Wang, Tzu-Cheng

    2017-12-01

    Noncollinear antiferromagnets have recently been attracting considerable interest partly due to recent surprising discoveries of the anomalous Hall effect (AHE) in them and partly because they have promising applications in antiferromagnetic spintronics. Here we study the anomalous Nernst effect (ANE), a phenomenon having the same origin as the AHE, and also the spin Nernst effect (SNE) as well as AHE and the spin Hall effect (SHE) in noncollinear antiferromagnetic Mn3X (X =Sn , Ge, Ga) within the Berry phase formalism based on ab initio relativistic band structure calculations. For comparison, we also calculate the anomalous Nernst conductivity (ANC) and anomalous Hall conductivity (AHC) of ferromagnetic iron as well as the spin Nernst conductivity (SNC) of platinum metal. Remarkably, the calculated ANC at room temperature (300 K) for all three alloys is huge, being 10-40 times larger than that of iron. Moreover, the calculated SNC for Mn3Sn and Mn3Ga is also larger, being about five times larger than that of platinum. This suggests that these antiferromagnets would be useful materials for thermoelectronic devices and spin caloritronic devices. The calculated ANC of Mn3Sn and iron are in reasonably good agreement with the very recent experiments. The calculated SNC of platinum also agrees with the very recent experiments in both sign and magnitude. The calculated thermoelectric and thermomagnetic properties are analyzed in terms of the band structures as well as the energy-dependent AHC, ANC, SNC, and spin Hall conductivity via the Mott relations.

  15. Antiferromagnetic Potts Model on the Erdős-Rényi Random Graph

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Contucci, Pierluigi; Dommers, Sander; Giardinà, Cristian; Starr, Shannon

    2013-10-01

    We study the antiferromagnetic Potts model on the Poissonian Erdős-Rényi random graph. By identifying a suitable interpolation structure and an extended variational principle, together with a positive temperature second-moment analysis we prove the existence of a phase transition at a positive critical temperature. Upper and lower bounds on the temperature critical value are obtained from the stability analysis of the replica symmetric solution (recovered in the framework of Derrida-Ruelle probability cascades) and from an entropy positivity argument.

  16. Asymptotic Behaviour of Ground States for Mixtures of Ferromagnetic and Antiferromagnetic Interactions in a Dilute Regime

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Braides, Andrea; Causin, Andrea; Piatnitski, Andrey; Solci, Margherita

    2018-06-01

    We consider randomly distributed mixtures of bonds of ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic type in a two-dimensional square lattice with probability 1-p and p, respectively, according to an i.i.d. random variable. We study minimizers of the corresponding nearest-neighbour spin energy on large domains in Z^2. We prove that there exists p_0 such that for p≤ p_0 such minimizers are characterized by a majority phase; i.e., they take identically the value 1 or - 1 except for small disconnected sets. A deterministic analogue is also proved.

  17. Asymptotic Behaviour of Ground States for Mixtures of Ferromagnetic and Antiferromagnetic Interactions in a Dilute Regime

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Braides, Andrea; Causin, Andrea; Piatnitski, Andrey; Solci, Margherita

    2018-04-01

    We consider randomly distributed mixtures of bonds of ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic type in a two-dimensional square lattice with probability 1-p and p, respectively, according to an i.i.d. random variable. We study minimizers of the corresponding nearest-neighbour spin energy on large domains in Z^2 . We prove that there exists p_0 such that for p≤p_0 such minimizers are characterized by a majority phase; i.e., they take identically the value 1 or - 1 except for small disconnected sets. A deterministic analogue is also proved.

  18. Frustrated honeycomb-lattice bilayer quantum antiferromagnet in a magnetic field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krokhmalskii, Taras; Baliha, Vasyl; Derzhko, Oleg; Schulenburg, Jörg; Richter, Johannes

    2018-05-01

    Frustrated bilayer quantum magnets have attracted attention as flat-band spin systems with unconventional thermodynamic properties. We study the low-temperature properties of a frustrated honeycomb-lattice bilayer spin-1/2 isotropic (XXX) Heisenberg antiferromagnet in a magnetic field by means of an effective low-energy theory using exact diagonalizations and quantum Monte Carlo simulations. Our main focus is on the magnetization curve and the temperature dependence of the specific heat indicating a finite-temperature phase transition in high magnetic fields.

  19. Frustrated spin-1/2 Ising antiferromagnet on a square lattice in a transverse field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bobák, A.; Jurčišinová, E.; Jurčišin, M.; Žukovič, M.

    2018-02-01

    We investigate the phase transitions and tricritical behaviors of the frustrated Ising antiferromagnet with first- (J1<0 ) and second- (J2<0 ) nearest-neighbor interactions in a transverse field Ω on the square lattice using an effective-field theory with correlations based on a single-spin approximation. We have proposed a functional for the free energy to obtain the phase diagram in the T -R (R =J2/|J1| ) or T -Ω planes. It is shown that due to the transverse field the phase transition between ordered and disordered phases changes in the tricritical point (TCP) from the second order to the first order. The longitudinal and transverse magnetizations are also studied for selected values of R and Ω . In particular, the variation of TCP at the ground state in the three-dimensional space is constructed. For some special cases, values of the critical temperature and the critical transverse field have been determined analytically.

  20. Two-peak structure in the K-edge RIXS spectra of a spatially frustrated Heisenberg antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Datta, Trinanjan; Luo, Cheng; Yao, Dao-Xin

    2014-03-01

    Quantum fluctuations due to spatial anisotropy and strong magnetic frustration lead to the formation of a two-peak structure in the K-edge bimagnon RIXS intensity spectra of a Jx-Jy-J2 Heisenberg model on a square lattice. We compute the RIXS intensity, including up to first order 1/S spin wave expansion correction, using the Bethe-Salpeter equation within the ladder approximation scheme. The two-peak feature occurs in both the antiferromagnetic phase and the collinear antiferromagnetic phase. A knowledge of the peak splitting energy from both magnetically ordered regime can provide experimentalists with an alternative means to measure and study the effects of local microscopic exchange constants. Cottrell Research Corporation, NSFC-11074310, NSFC-11275279, Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education.

  1. Systematic low-energy effective field theory for magnons and holes in an antiferromagnet on the honeycomb lattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kämpfer, F.; Bessire, B.; Wirz, M.; Hofmann, C. P.; Jiang, F.-J.; Wiese, U.-J.

    2012-02-01

    Based on a symmetry analysis of the microscopic Hubbard and t-J models, a systematic low-energy effective field theory is constructed for hole-doped antiferromagnets on the honeycomb lattice. In the antiferromagnetic phase, doped holes are massive due to the spontaneous breakdown of the SU(2)s symmetry, just as nucleons in Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) pick up their mass from spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking. In the broken phase, the effective action contains a single-derivative term, similar to the Shraiman-Siggia term in the square lattice case. Interestingly, an accidental continuous spatial rotation symmetry arises at leading order. As an application of the effective field theory, we consider one-magnon exchange between two holes and the formation of two-hole bound states. As an unambiguous prediction of the effective theory, the wave function for the ground state of two holes bound by magnon exchange exhibits f-wave symmetry.

  2. Topological transitions induced by antiferromagnetism in a thin-film topological insulator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yin, Gen; He, Qinglin; Yu, Luyan; Pan, Lei; Wang, Kang

    Ferromagnetism introduced in topological insulators (TIs) opens a non-trivial exchange band gap, providing an exciting platform to control the topological order through an external magnetic field. The magnetization induces a topological transition that breaks time-reversal symmetry, resulting in anomalous Hall effects. Recently, it was experimentally shown that the surface of an antiferromagnetic (AFM) thin film can magnetize the surface Dirac fermions in a TI thin film similar to the case induced by ferromagnetism. Here, we show that when a TI thin film is sandwiched between two antiferromagnetic layers, an unsynchronized magnetic reversal introduces two intermediate spin configurations during the scan of the external field, resulting in a new topological phase with second Chern numbers. This topological phase introduces two counter-propagating chiral edge modes inside the exchange gap, changing the total number of transport channels drastically when the fermi level is close to the Dirac point. Induced by this change, the magnetoresistance of the channel presents an antisymmetric feature during the field scan. With the the help of the high ordering temperature of AFM layers, this transport signature of the phase transition persists up to 90K experimentally. This work is supported by (i) SHINES, an EFRC by US-DOE, Office of Science, BES, #SC0012670. (ii) US-NSF (DMR-1411085), (iii) ARO program W911NF-15-1-10561, and (iv) FAME Center in STARnet, an SRC program by MARCO and DARPA.

  3. Antiferromagnetic defect structure in LaNi O 3 – δ single crystals

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Bi -Xia; Rosenkranz, Stephan; Rui, X.

    Here, the origins of the metal-insulator and magnetic transitions exhibited by perovskite rare-earth nickelates, RNiO 3 (where R is a rare-earth element), remain open issues, with charge disproportionation, magnetic interactions, and lattice response across multiple length scales being among the many possible origins. Recently, growth of single crystals of LaNiO 3, which is the only member of these compounds that remains metallic in its ground state, has been reported, opening a new chapter in the investigation of the perovskite nickelates. Here, using a combination of magnetometry, heat capacity, and neutron scattering on as-grown and purposely reduced LaNiO 3–δ crystals, wemore » show that both antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic phases with a Néel temperature of ~152 K and a Curie temperature of ~225 K can be induced by reduction of the oxygen content. Transmission electron microscopy shows that these phases are characterized by ordered oxygen vacancy defect structures that exist as dilute secondary phases in as-grown crystals despite growth in partial oxygen pressures up to at least 130 bar. The demonstration of antiferromagnetism resulting from oxygen vacancy ordered structures implies that stoichiometry must be explicitly considered when interpreting the bulk properties of LaNiO 3–δ single crystals; accordingly, the implications of our results for putative oxygen-stoichiometric LaNiO 3 are discussed.« less

  4. Antiferromagnetic defect structure in LaNi O3 -δ single crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Bi-Xia; Rosenkranz, S.; Rui, X.; Zhang, Junjie; Ye, F.; Zheng, H.; Klie, R. F.; Mitchell, J. F.; Phelan, D.

    2018-06-01

    The origins of the metal-insulator and magnetic transitions exhibited by perovskite rare-earth nickelates, RNiO3 (where R is a rare-earth element), remain open issues, with charge disproportionation, magnetic interactions, and lattice response across multiple length scales being among the many possible origins. Recently, growth of single crystals of LaNiO3, which is the only member of these compounds that remains metallic in its ground state, has been reported, opening a new chapter in the investigation of the perovskite nickelates. Here, using a combination of magnetometry, heat capacity, and neutron scattering on as-grown and purposely reduced LaNi O3 -δ crystals, we show that both antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic phases with a Néel temperature of ˜152 K and a Curie temperature of ˜225 K can be induced by reduction of the oxygen content. Transmission electron microscopy shows that these phases are characterized by ordered oxygen vacancy defect structures that exist as dilute secondary phases in as-grown crystals despite growth in partial oxygen pressures up to at least 130 bar. The demonstration of antiferromagnetism resulting from oxygen vacancy ordered structures implies that stoichiometry must be explicitly considered when interpreting the bulk properties of LaNi O3 -δ single crystals; accordingly, the implications of our results for putative oxygen-stoichiometric LaNiO3 are discussed.

  5. Antiferromagnetic defect structure in LaNi O 3 – δ single crystals

    DOE PAGES

    Wang, Bi -Xia; Rosenkranz, Stephan; Rui, X.; ...

    2018-06-12

    Here, the origins of the metal-insulator and magnetic transitions exhibited by perovskite rare-earth nickelates, RNiO 3 (where R is a rare-earth element), remain open issues, with charge disproportionation, magnetic interactions, and lattice response across multiple length scales being among the many possible origins. Recently, growth of single crystals of LaNiO 3, which is the only member of these compounds that remains metallic in its ground state, has been reported, opening a new chapter in the investigation of the perovskite nickelates. Here, using a combination of magnetometry, heat capacity, and neutron scattering on as-grown and purposely reduced LaNiO 3–δ crystals, wemore » show that both antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic phases with a Néel temperature of ~152 K and a Curie temperature of ~225 K can be induced by reduction of the oxygen content. Transmission electron microscopy shows that these phases are characterized by ordered oxygen vacancy defect structures that exist as dilute secondary phases in as-grown crystals despite growth in partial oxygen pressures up to at least 130 bar. The demonstration of antiferromagnetism resulting from oxygen vacancy ordered structures implies that stoichiometry must be explicitly considered when interpreting the bulk properties of LaNiO 3–δ single crystals; accordingly, the implications of our results for putative oxygen-stoichiometric LaNiO 3 are discussed.« less

  6. Signature of Griffith phase in (Tb1-xCex)MnO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar, Abhishek; Dwivedi, G. D.; Singh, A.; Singh, R.; Shukla, K. K.; Yang, H. D.; Ghosh, A. K.; Chatterjee, Sandip

    2016-05-01

    Griffith phase phenomena is attributed to existence of FM (ferromagnetic) cluster in AFM (antiferromagnetic) ordering which usually occurs in ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic bilayers or multilayers. In (Tb1-xCex)MnO3 evolution of Griffith phase have been observed. The observed Griffith phase might be due to the exchange interaction between Mn3+/Mn2+ states.

  7. Spin pumping and inverse spin Hall voltages from dynamical antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johansen, Øyvind; Brataas, Arne

    2017-06-01

    Dynamical antiferromagnets can pump spins into adjacent conductors. The high antiferromagnetic resonance frequencies represent a challenge for experimental detection, but magnetic fields can reduce these resonance frequencies. We compute the ac and dc inverse spin Hall voltages resulting from dynamical spin excitations as a function of a magnetic field along the easy axis and the polarization of the driving ac magnetic field perpendicular to the easy axis. We consider the insulating antiferromagnets MnF2,FeF2, and NiO. Near the spin-flop transition, there is a significant enhancement of the dc spin pumping and inverse spin Hall voltage for the uniaxial antiferromagnets MnF2 and FeF2. In the uniaxial antiferromagnets it is also found that the ac spin pumping is independent of the external magnetic field when the driving field has the optimal circular polarization. In the biaxial NiO, the voltages are much weaker, and there is no spin-flop enhancement of the dc component.

  8. Current polarity-dependent manipulation of antiferromagnetic domains

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wadley, Peter; Reimers, Sonka; Grzybowski, Michal J.; Andrews, Carl; Wang, Mu; Chauhan, Jasbinder S.; Gallagher, Bryan L.; Campion, Richard P.; Edmonds, Kevin W.; Dhesi, Sarnjeet S.; Maccherozzi, Francesco; Novak, Vit; Wunderlich, Joerg; Jungwirth, Tomas

    2018-05-01

    Antiferromagnets have several favourable properties as active elements in spintronic devices, including ultra-fast dynamics, zero stray fields and insensitivity to external magnetic fields1. Tetragonal CuMnAs is a testbed system in which the antiferromagnetic order parameter can be switched reversibly at ambient conditions using electrical currents2. In previous experiments, orthogonal in-plane current pulses were used to induce 90° rotations of antiferromagnetic domains and demonstrate the operation of all-electrical memory bits in a multi-terminal geometry3. Here, we demonstrate that antiferromagnetic domain walls can be manipulated to realize stable and reproducible domain changes using only two electrical contacts. This is achieved by using the polarity of the current to switch the sign of the current-induced effective field acting on the antiferromagnetic sublattices. The resulting reversible domain and domain wall reconfigurations are imaged using X-ray magnetic linear dichroism microscopy, and can also be detected electrically. Switching by domain-wall motion can occur at much lower current densities than those needed for coherent domain switching.

  9. Study on the Ising Antiferromagnet in an External Magnetic Field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Seung-Yeon

    2018-06-01

    In an external magnetic field, the properties of an antiferromagnet are much less well understood than those of a ferromagnet are. An abnormal peak in the specific heat of matter at a low temperature, the so-called Schottky anomaly, is one of the most universal phenomena, and it is the most important concept in studying experimentally the low-energy structure of matter. We investigate the unknown properties of the Ising antiferromagnet in an external magnetic field B, in particular, the magnetic-field dependence of the Schottky anomaly of the Ising antiferromagnet systematically. We find three different kinds of Schottky anomalies for the Ising antiferromagnet. First, for B > B c , where B c is the critical magnetic field, both the maximum of the Schottky anomaly C s ( B) and the Schottky temperature T s ( B) increase as B increases. In particular, T s ( B) follows T s ( B) = 0.8336( B - B c ) only for B > B c . Second, for B < B c , both the maximum of the Schottky anomaly and the Schottky temperature decrease as B increases, in clear contrast to the increasing behaviors of the Schottky anomaly for B > B c . Third, at B = B c , the unusual Schottky anomaly appears due to the nonzero ground-state entropy, similar to real ice and spin glass. We expect that our results will play a vital role in measuring and understanding the properties of an antiferromagnet and related materials in an external magnetic field.

  10. Antiferromagnetism and DX2-Y2-WAVE Pairing in the Colored Hubbard Model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baier, Tobias; Bick, Eike

    2001-08-01

    We introduce a new formulation of the 2d Hubbard model on a square lattice (the "colored" Hubbard model). In this formulation interesting physical nonlocal properties as antiferromagnetic or dx2-y2-wave superconducting behavior are included in an explicit way. Analyzing the phase diagram in a mean field approximation numerically, we show that our approach yields results which are in qualitative agreement with experiment.

  11. Magnetic properties of a quasi-two-dimensional S =1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet with distorted square lattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamaguchi, Hironori; Tamekuni, Yusuke; Iwasaki, Yoshiki; Otsuka, Rei; Hosokoshi, Yuko; Kida, Takanori; Hagiwara, Masayuki

    2017-06-01

    We successfully synthesize single crystals of the verdazyl radical α -2 ,3 ,5 -Cl3 -V. Ab initio molecular orbital calculations indicate that the two dominant antiferromagnetic interactions, J1 and J2 (α =J2/J1≃0.56 ), form an S =1 /2 distorted square lattice. We explain the magnetic properties based on the S =1 /2 square lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet using the quantum Monte Carlo method, and examine the effects of the lattice distortion and the interplane interaction contribution. In the low-temperature regions below 6.4 K, we observe anisotropic magnetic behavior accompanied by a phase transition to a magnetically ordered state. The electron spin resonance signals exhibit anisotropic behavior in the temperature dependence of the resonance field and the linewidth. We explain the frequency dependence of the resonance fields in the ordered phase using a mean-field approximation with out-of-plane easy-axis anisotropy, which causes a spin-flop phase transition at approximately 0.4 T for the field perpendicular to the plane. Furthermore, the anisotropic dipole field provides supporting information regarding the presence of the easy-axis anisotropy. These results demonstrate that the lattice distortion, anisotropy, and interplane interaction of this model are sufficiently small that they do not affect the intrinsic behavior of the S =1 /2 square lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet.

  12. Unified molecular field theory for collinear and noncollinear Heisenberg antiferromagnets

    DOE PAGES

    Johnston, David C.

    2015-02-27

    In this study, a unified molecular field theory (MFT) is presented that applies to both collinear and planar noncollinear Heisenberg antiferromagnets (AFs) on the same footing. The spins in the system are assumed to be identical and crystallographically equivalent. This formulation allows calculations of the anisotropic magnetic susceptibility χ versus temperature T below the AF ordering temperature T N to be carried out for arbitrary Heisenberg exchange interactions J ij between arbitrary neighbors j of a given spin i without recourse to magnetic sublattices. The Weiss temperature θ p in the Curie-Weiss law is written in terms of the Jmore » ij values and T N in terms of the J ij values and an assumed AF structure. Other magnetic and thermal properties are then expressed in terms of quantities easily accessible from experiment as laws of corresponding states for a given spin S. For collinear ordering these properties are the reduced temperature t=T/T N, the ratio f = θ p/T N, and S. For planar noncollinear helical or cycloidal ordering, an additional parameter is the wave vector of the helix or cycloid. The MFT is also applicable to AFs with other AF structures. The MFT predicts that χ(T ≤ T N) of noncollinear 120° spin structures on triangular lattices is isotropic and independent of S and T and thus clarifies the origin of this universally observed behavior. The high-field magnetization and heat capacity for fields applied perpendicular to the ordering axis (collinear AFs) and ordering plane (planar noncollinear AFs) are also calculated and expressed for both types of AF structures as laws of corresponding states for a given S, and the reduced perpendicular field versus reduced temperature phase diagram is constructed.« less

  13. Unified molecular field theory for collinear and noncollinear Heisenberg antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johnston, David C.

    2015-02-01

    A unified molecular field theory (MFT) is presented that applies to both collinear and planar noncollinear Heisenberg antiferromagnets (AFs) on the same footing. The spins in the system are assumed to be identical and crystallographically equivalent. This formulation allows calculations of the anisotropic magnetic susceptibility χ versus temperature T below the AF ordering temperature TN to be carried out for arbitrary Heisenberg exchange interactions Ji j between arbitrary neighbors j of a given spin i without recourse to magnetic sublattices. The Weiss temperature θp in the Curie-Weiss law is written in terms of the Ji j values and TN in terms of the Ji j values and an assumed AF structure. Other magnetic and thermal properties are then expressed in terms of quantities easily accessible from experiment as laws of corresponding states for a given spin S . For collinear ordering these properties are the reduced temperature t =T /TN , the ratio f =θp/TN , and S . For planar noncollinear helical or cycloidal ordering, an additional parameter is the wave vector of the helix or cycloid. The MFT is also applicable to AFs with other AF structures. The MFT predicts that χ (T ≤TN) of noncollinear 120∘ spin structures on triangular lattices is isotropic and independent of S and T and thus clarifies the origin of this universally observed behavior. The high-field magnetization and heat capacity for fields applied perpendicular to the ordering axis (collinear AFs) and ordering plane (planar noncollinear AFs) are also calculated and expressed for both types of AF structures as laws of corresponding states for a given S , and the reduced perpendicular field versus reduced temperature phase diagram is constructed.

  14. Microwave fields driven domain wall motions in antiferromagnetic nanowires

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Z. Y.; Yan, Z. R.; Zhang, Y. L.; Qin, M. H.; Fan, Z.; Lu, X. B.; Gao, X. S.; Liu, J.-M.

    2018-06-01

    In this work, we study the microwave field driven domain wall (DW) motion in an antiferromagnetic nanowire, using the numerical calculations based on a classical Heisenberg spin model with the biaxial magnetic anisotropy. We show that a proper combination of a static magnetic field plus an oscillating field perpendicular to the nanowire axis is sufficient to drive the DW propagation along the nanowire. More importantly, the drift velocity at the resonance frequency is comparable to that induced by temperature gradients, suggesting that microwave field can be a very promising tool to control DW motions in antiferromagnetic nanostructures. The dependences of resonance frequency and drift velocity on the static and oscillating fields, the axial anisotropy, and the damping constant are discussed in details. Furthermore, the optimal orientations of the field are also numerically determined and explained. This work provides useful information for the spin dynamics in antiferromagnetic nanostructures for spintronics applications.

  15. Vertex functions at finite momentum: Application to antiferromagnetic quantum criticality

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wölfle, Peter; Abrahams, Elihu

    2016-02-01

    We analyze the three-point vertex function that describes the coupling of fermionic particle-hole pairs in a metal to spin or charge fluctuations at nonzero momentum. We consider Ward identities, which connect two-particle vertex functions to the self-energy, in the framework of a Hubbard model. These are derived using conservation laws following from local symmetries. The generators considered are the spin density and particle density. It is shown that at certain antiferromagnetic critical points, where the quasiparticle effective mass is diverging, the vertex function describing the coupling of particle-hole pairs to the spin density Fourier component at the antiferromagnetic wave vector is also divergent. Then we give an explicit calculation of the irreducible vertex function for the case of three-dimensional antiferromagnetic fluctuations, and show that it is proportional to the diverging quasiparticle effective mass.

  16. Coexistence of Antiferromagnetic and Spin Cluster Glass Order in the Magnetoelectric Relaxor Multiferroic PbFe0.5Nb0.5O3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kleemann, W.; Shvartsman, V. V.; Borisov, P.; Kania, A.

    2010-12-01

    The coexistence of cluster glass with long-range antiferromagnetic order in the relaxor ferroelectric PbFe0.5Nb0.5O3 is elucidated. While the transition at TN=153K on the infinite antiferromagnetic cluster induces 3m symmetry with large EH2 magnetoelectric response, the disconnected subspace of isolated Fe3+ ions and finite clusters accommodates the cluster glass below Tg=10.6K with field-induced m' symmetry and EH-type magnetoelectric response. Critical slowing-down, memory and rejuvenation after aging, occurrence of a de Almeida-Thouless phase line, and stretched exponential relaxation of remanence corroborate the glass nature.

  17. Antiferromagnetism in Bulk Rutile RuO2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Berlijn, T.; Snijders, P. C.; Kent, P. R. C.; Maier, T. A.; Zhou, H.-D.; Cao, H.-B.; Delaire, O.; Wang, Y.; Koehler, M.; Weitering, H. H.

    While bulk rutile RuO2 has long been considered to be a Pauli paramagnet, we conclude it to host antiferromagnetism based on our combined theoretical and experimental study. This constitutes an important finding given the large amount of applications of RuO2 in the electrochemical and electronics industry. Furthermore the high onset temperature of the antiferromagnetism around 1000K together with the high electrical conductivity makes RuO2 unique among the ruthenates and among oxide materials in general. This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences, Materials Sciences and Engineering Division.

  18. Ferro- and antiferro-magnetism in (Np, Pu)BC

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Klimczuk, T.; Shick, A. B.; Kozub, A. L.; Griveau, J.-C.; Colineau, E.; Falmbigl, M.; Wastin, F.; Rogl, P.

    2015-04-01

    Two new transuranium metal boron carbides, NpBC and PuBC, have been synthesized. Rietveld refinements of powder XRD patterns of {Np,Pu}BC confirmed in both cases isotypism with the structure type of UBC. Temperature dependent magnetic susceptibility data reveal antiferromagnetic ordering for PuBC below TN = 44 K, whereas ferromagnetic ordering was found for NpBC below TC = 61 K. Heat capacity measurements prove the bulk character of the observed magnetic transition for both compounds. The total energy electronic band structure calculations support formation of the ferromagnetic ground state for NpBC and the antiferromagnetic ground state for PuBC.

  19. REVIEWS OF TOPICAL PROBLEMS: Broken symmetry and magnetoacoustic effects in ferroand antiferromagnetics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Turov, Evgenii A.; Shavrov, Vladimir G.

    1983-07-01

    This review of some aspects of the magnetoacoustics of ferro- and antiferromagnetic materials has been written in connection with the 25th anniversary of the rise of this field of physics of magnetic phenomena. Primary attention is paid to relatively new problems that have not been reflected in the existing monographs and reviews. The topic is a group of linear magnetoacoustic effects that manifest spontaneous symmetry breaking caused by magnetic ordering in a system of two coupled fields: the magnetization field M (r) and the deformation field uij(r). To some extent these effects are analogous to the Higgs effect in the theory of elementary particles (the Higgs mechanism of the origin of the mass of a particle) or the Meissner effect in the theory of superconductivity. A direct analog of the stated effects is the so-called magnetoelastic gap in the magnon spectrum, while an analog of an accompanying effect is the softening of the quasiacoustic modes interacting with it (up to the vanishing of the corresponding dynamic elastic moduli). However, a characteristic feature of such effects in crystalline (anisotropic) magnetic materials is that they are manifested mainly near points of magnetic (spin-reorientation) phase transitions. This review treats the coupled magnetoelastic waves in ferro- and antiferromagnetic materials of different types that show phase transitions with respect to temperature, magnetic field, or pressure.

  20. Thermal and electrical transport in metals and superconductors across antiferromagnetic and topological quantum transitions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chatterjee, Shubhayu; Sachdev, Subir; Eberlein, Andreas

    2017-08-01

    We study thermal and electrical transport in metals and superconductors near a quantum phase transition where antiferromagnetic order disappears. The same theory can also be applied to quantum phase transitions involving the loss of certain classes of intrinsic topological order. For a clean superconductor, we recover and extend well-known universal results. The heat conductivity for commensurate and incommensurate antiferromagnetism coexisting with superconductivity shows a markedly different doping dependence near the quantum critical point, thus allowing us to distinguish between these states. In the dirty limit, the results for the conductivities are qualitatively similar for the metal and the superconductor. In this regime, the geometric properties of the Fermi surface allow for a very good phenomenological understanding of the numerical results on the conductivities. In the simplest model, we find that the conductivities do not track the doping evolution of the Hall coefficient, in contrast to recent experimental findings. We propose a doping dependent scattering rate, possibly due to quenched short-range charge fluctuations below optimal doping, to consistently describe both the Hall data and the longitudinal conductivities.

  1. Magnetism of the antiferromagnetic spin-3/2 dimer compound CrVMoO7 having an antiferromagnetically ordered state

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hase, Masashi; Ebukuro, Yuta; Kuroe, Haruhiko; Matsumoto, Masashige; Matsuo, Akira; Kindo, Koichi; Hester, James R.; Sato, Taku J.; Yamazaki, Hiroki

    2017-04-01

    We measured magnetization, specific heat, electron spin resonance, neutron diffraction, and inelastic neutron scattering of CrVMoO7 powder. An antiferromagnetically ordered state appears below TN=26.5 ±0.8 K. We consider that the probable spin model for CrVMoO7 is an interacting antiferromagnetic spin-3/2 dimer model. We evaluated the intradimer interaction J to be 25 ±1 K and the effective interdimer interaction Jeff to be 8.8 ±1 K. CrVMoO7 is a rare spin dimer compound that shows an antiferromagnetically ordered state at atmospheric pressure and zero magnetic field. The magnitude of ordered moments is 0.73 (2 ) μB . It is much smaller than a classical value ˜3 μB . Longitudinal-mode magnetic excitations may be observable in single crystalline CrVMoO7.

  2. Continual model of magnetic dynamics for antiferromagnetic particles in analyzing size effects on Morin transition in hematite nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mishchenko, I.; Chuev, M.; Kubrin, S.; Lastovina, T.; Polyakov, V.; Soldatov, A.

    2018-05-01

    Alternative explanation to the effect of disappearance of the Morin transition on hematite nanoparticles with their size decreasing is proposed basing on an idea of the predominant role of the shape anisotropy for nanosize particles. Three types of the magnetic structure of hematite nanoparticles with various sizes are found by Mössbauer spectroscopy: coexistence of the well-pronounced antiferromagnetic and weakly ferromagnetic phases for particles with average diameters of about 55 nm, non-uniform distribution of the magnetization axes which concentrate on the vicinity of the basal plane (111) for prolonged particles with cross sections of about 20 nm, and uniform distribution of the easy axes in regard to the crystalline directions for 3-nm particles. Description of the temperature evolution of experimental data within novel model of the magnetic dynamics for antiferromagnetic particles which accounts the exchange, relativistic, and anisotropy interactions is provided, and the structural as well as energy characteristics of the studied systems are reconstructed.

  3. Magneto-phonon polaritons of antiferromagnetic/ion-crystal superlattices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ta, Jin-Xing; Song, Yu-Ling; Wang, Xuan-Zhang

    2010-07-01

    Magnetophonon polaritons in the superlattices composed of alternating antiferromagnetic and ion-crystal components are investigated with the transfer matrix method. Numerical simulations based on FeF2/TlBr superlattices show that there are four different bulk polariton bands, with negative refraction and positive refraction. Many surface polariton modes with various features arise around the bulk bands with negative refraction.

  4. Macrospin dynamics in antiferromagnets triggered by sub-20 femtosecond injection of nanomagnons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bossini, D.; Dal Conte, S.; Hashimoto, Y.; Secchi, A.; Pisarev, R. V.; Rasing, Th.; Cerullo, G.; Kimel, A. V.

    2016-02-01

    The understanding of how the sub-nanoscale exchange interaction evolves in macroscale correlations and ordered phases of matter, such as magnetism and superconductivity, requires to bridging the quantum and classical worlds. This monumental challenge has so far only been achieved for systems close to their thermodynamical equilibrium. Here we follow in real time the ultrafast dynamics of the macroscale magnetic order parameter in the Heisenberg antiferromagnet KNiF3 triggered by the impulsive optical generation of spin excitations with the shortest possible nanometre wavelength and femtosecond period. Our magneto-optical pump-probe experiments also demonstrate the coherent manipulation of the phase and amplitude of these femtosecond nanomagnons, whose frequencies are defined by the exchange energy. These findings open up opportunities for fundamental research on the role of short-wavelength spin excitations in magnetism and strongly correlated materials; they also suggest that nanospintronics and nanomagnonics can employ coherently controllable spin waves with frequencies in the 20 THz domain.

  5. Solitary Magnons in the S =5/2 Antiferromagnet CaFe2O4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stock, C.; Rodriguez, E. E.; Lee, N.; Green, M. A.; Demmel, F.; Ewings, R. A.; Fouquet, P.; Laver, M.; Niedermayer, Ch.; Su, Y.; Nemkovski, K.; Rodriguez-Rivera, J. A.; Cheong, S.-W.

    2016-07-01

    CaFe2O4 is a S =5/2 anisotropic antiferromagnet based upon zig-zag chains having two competing magnetic structures, denoted as the A (↑↑↓↓) and B (↑↓↑↓) phases, which differ by the c -axis stacking of ferromagnetic stripes. We apply neutron scattering to demonstrate that the competing A and B phase order parameters result in magnetic antiphase boundaries along c which freeze on the time scale of ˜1 ns at the onset of magnetic order at 200 K. Using high resolution neutron spectroscopy, we find quantized spin wave levels and measure 9 such excitations localized in regions ˜1 - 2 c -axis lattice constants in size. We discuss these in the context of solitary magnons predicted to exist in anisotropic systems. The magnetic anisotropy affords both competing A +B orders as well as localization of spin excitations in a classical magnet.

  6. Revealing hidden antiferromagnetic correlations in doped Hubbard chains via string correlators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hilker, Timon A.; Salomon, Guillaume; Grusdt, Fabian; Omran, Ahmed; Boll, Martin; Demler, Eugene; Bloch, Immanuel; Gross, Christian

    2017-08-01

    Topological phases, like the Haldane phase in spin-1 chains, defy characterization through local order parameters. Instead, nonlocal string order parameters can be employed to reveal their hidden order. Similar diluted magnetic correlations appear in doped one-dimensional lattice systems owing to the phenomenon of spin-charge separation. Here we report on the direct observation of such hidden magnetic correlations via quantum gas microscopy of hole-doped ultracold Fermi-Hubbard chains. The measurement of nonlocal spin-density correlation functions reveals a hidden finite-range antiferromagnetic order, a direct consequence of spin-charge separation. Our technique, which measures nonlocal order directly, can be readily extended to higher dimensions to study the complex interplay between magnetic order and density fluctuations.

  7. Pressure-induced collapsed-tetragonal phase in SrCo2As2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jayasekara, W. T.; Kaluarachchi, U. S.; Ueland, B. G.; Pandey, Abhishek; Lee, Y. B.; Taufour, V.; Sapkota, A.; Kothapalli, K.; Sangeetha, N. S.; Fabbris, G.; Veiga, L. S. I.; Feng, Yejun; dos Santos, A. M.; Bud'ko, S. L.; Harmon, B. N.; Canfield, P. C.; Johnston, D. C.; Kreyssig, A.; Goldman, A. I.

    2015-12-01

    We present high-energy x-ray diffraction data under applied pressures up to p =29 GPa , neutron diffraction measurements up to p =1.1 GPa , and electrical resistance measurements up to p =5.9 GPa , on SrCo2As2 . Our x-ray diffraction data demonstrate that there is a first-order transition between the tetragonal (T) and collapsed-tetragonal (cT) phases, with an onset above approximately 6 GPa at T =7 K . The pressure for the onset of the cT phase and the range of coexistence between the T and cT phases appears to be nearly temperature independent. The compressibility along the a axis is the same for the T and cT phases, whereas, along the c axis, the cT phase is significantly stiffer, which may be due to the formation of an As-As bond in the cT phase. Our resistivity measurements found no evidence of superconductivity in SrCo2As2 for p ≤5.9 GPa and T ≥ 1.8 K. The resistivity data also show signatures consistent with a pressure-induced phase transition for p ≳5.5 GPa. Single-crystal neutron diffraction measurements performed up to 1.1 GPa in the T phase found no evidence of stripe-type or A-type antiferromagnetic ordering down to 10 K. Spin-polarized total-energy calculations demonstrate that the cT phase is the stable phase at high pressure with a c/a ratio of 2.54. Furthermore, these calculations indicate that the cT phase of SrCo2As2 should manifest either A-type antiferromagnetic or ferromagnetic order.

  8. Singular ferromagnetic susceptibility of the transverse-field Ising antiferromagnet on the triangular lattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Biswas, Sounak; Damle, Kedar

    2018-02-01

    A transverse magnetic field Γ is known to induce antiferromagnetic three-sublattice order of the Ising spins σz in the triangular lattice Ising antiferromagnet at low enough temperature. This low-temperature order is known to melt on heating in a two-step manner, with a power-law ordered intermediate temperature phase characterized by power-law correlations at the three-sublattice wave vector Q : <σz(R ⃗) σz(0 ) > ˜cos(Q .R ⃗) /|R⃗| η (T ) with the temperature-dependent power-law exponent η (T )∈(1 /9 ,1 /4 ) . Here, we use a quantum cluster algorithm to study the ferromagnetic easy-axis susceptibility χu(L ) of an L ×L sample in this power-law ordered phase. Our numerical results are consistent with a recent prediction of a singular L dependence χu(L ) ˜L2 -9 η when η (T ) is in the range (1 /9 ,2 /9 ) . This finite-size result implies, via standard scaling arguments, that the ferromagnetic susceptibility χu(B ) to a uniform field B along the easy axis is singular at intermediate temperatures in the small B limit, χu(B ) ˜|B| -4/-18 η 4 -9 η for η (T )∈(1 /9 ,2 /9 ) , although there is no ferromagnetic long-range order in the low temperature state. Additionally we establish similar two-step melting behavior (via a study of the order parameter susceptibility χQ) in the case of the ferrimagnetic three-sublattice ordered phase which is stabilized by ferromagnetic next-neighbor couplings (J2) and confirm that the ferromagnetic susceptibility obeys the predicted singular form in the associated power-law ordered phase.

  9. Coexistence of superconductivity and antiferromagnetism probed by simultaneous nuclear magnetic resonance and electrical transport in (TMTSF)2PF6 system.

    PubMed

    Lee, I J; Brown, S E; Yu, W; Naughton, M J; Chaikin, P M

    2005-05-20

    We report simultaneous NMR and electrical transport experiments in the pressure range near the boundary of the antiferromagnetic spin density wave (SDW) insulator and the metallic/superconducting (SC) phase in (TMTSF)2PF6. Measurements indicate a tricritical point separating a line of second-order SDW/metal transitions from a line of first-order SDW/metal(SC) transitions with coexistence of macroscopic regions of SDW and metal(SC) order, with little mutual interaction but strong hysteretic effects. NMR results quantify the fraction of each phase.

  10. Antiferromagnetic Resonance and Terahertz Continuum in α - RuCl 3

    DOE PAGES

    Little, A.; Wu, Liang; Lampen-Kelley, P.; ...

    2017-11-28

    We report measurements of optical absorption in the zigzag antiferromagnet α-RuCl 3 as a function of temperature T , magnetic field B , and photon energy ℏ ω in the range ~ 0.3 –8.3 meV, using time-domain terahertz spectroscopy. Polarized measurements show that threefold rotational symmetry is broken in the honeycomb plane from 2 to 300 K. We find a sharp absorption peak at 2.56 meV upon cooling below the Néel temperature of 7 K at B = 0 that we identify as the magnetic-dipole excitation of a zero-wave-vector magnon, or antiferromagnetic resonance (AFMR). With the application of B ,more » the AFMR broadens and shifts to a lower frequency as long-range magnetic order is lost in a manner consistent with transitioning to a spin-disordered phase. From a direct, internally calibrated measurement of the AFMR spectral weight, we place an upper bound on the contribution to the dc susceptibility from a magnetic excitation continuum.« less

  11. Antiferromagnetic Resonance and Terahertz Continuum in α-RuCl_{3}.

    PubMed

    Little, A; Wu, Liang; Lampen-Kelley, P; Banerjee, A; Patankar, S; Rees, D; Bridges, C A; Yan, J-Q; Mandrus, D; Nagler, S E; Orenstein, J

    2017-12-01

    We report measurements of optical absorption in the zigzag antiferromagnet α-RuCl_{3} as a function of temperature T, magnetic field B, and photon energy ℏω in the range ∼0.3-8.3 meV, using time-domain terahertz spectroscopy. Polarized measurements show that threefold rotational symmetry is broken in the honeycomb plane from 2 to 300 K. We find a sharp absorption peak at 2.56 meV upon cooling below the Néel temperature of 7 K at B=0 that we identify as the magnetic-dipole excitation of a zero-wave-vector magnon, or antiferromagnetic resonance (AFMR). With the application of B, the AFMR broadens and shifts to a lower frequency as long-range magnetic order is lost in a manner consistent with transitioning to a spin-disordered phase. From a direct, internally calibrated measurement of the AFMR spectral weight, we place an upper bound on the contribution to the dc susceptibility from a magnetic excitation continuum.

  12. Spin-flop coupling and exchange anisotropy in ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic bilayers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Xiao-Yong; Hu, Jing-Guo

    2009-03-01

    By investigating the antiferromagnetic spin configuration, the exchange anisotropy and the interfacial spin-flop coupling in ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic (FM/AF) bilayers have been discussed in detail. The results show that there are four possible cases for the AF spins, namely the reversible recovering case, irreversible half-rotating case, irreversible reversing and irreversible half-reversing cases. Moreover, the realization of the cases strongly depends on interface quadratic coupling, interface spin-flop (biquadratic) coupling and AF thickness. The magnetic phase diagram in terms of the AF thickness tAF, the interfacial bilinear coupling J1 and the spin-flop coupling J2 has been constructed. The corresponding critical parameters in which the exchange bias will occur or approach saturation have been also presented. Specially, the small spin-flop exchange coupling may result in an exchange bias without the interfacial bilinear exchange coupling. However, in general, the spin-flop exchange coupling can weaken or eliminate the exchange bias, but always enhances the coercivity greatly.

  13. Dipolar order by disorder in the classical Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the kagome lattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chern, Gia-Wei

    2014-03-01

    The first experiments on the ``kagome bilayer'' SCGO triggered a wave of interest in kagome antiferromagnets in particular, and frustrated systems in general. A cluster of early seminal theoretical papers established kagome magnets as model systems for novel ordering phenomena, discussing in particular spin liquidity, partial order, disorder-free glassiness and order by disorder. Despite significant recent progress in understanding the ground state for the quantum S = 1 / 2 model, the nature of the low-temperature phase for the classical kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet has remained a mystery: the non-linear nature of the fluctuations around the exponentially numerous harmonically degenerate ground states has not permitted a controlled theory, while its complex energy landscape has precluded numerical simulations at low temperature. Here we present an efficient Monte Carlo algorithm which removes the latter obstacle. Our simulations detect a low-temperature regime in which correlations saturate at a remarkably small value. Feeding these results into an effective model and analyzing the results in the framework of an appropriate field theory implies the presence of long-range dipolar spin order with a tripled unit cell.

  14. Spin Hartree-Fock approach to studying quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnets in low dimensions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Werth, A.; Kopietz, P.; Tsyplyatyev, O.

    2018-05-01

    We construct a new mean-field theory for a quantum (spin-1/2) Heisenberg antiferromagnet in one (1D) and two (2D) dimensions using a Hartree-Fock decoupling of the four-point correlation functions. We show that the solution to the self-consistency equations based on two-point correlation functions does not produce any unphysical finite-temperature phase transition, in accord with the Mermin-Wagner theorem, unlike the common approach based on the mean-field equation for the order parameter. The next-neighbor spin-spin correlation functions, calculated within this approach, reproduce closely the strong renormalization by quantum fluctuations obtained via a Bethe ansatz in 1D and a small renormalization of the classical antiferromagnetic state in 2D. The heat capacity approximates with reasonable accuracy the full Bethe ansatz result at all temperatures in 1D. In 2D, we obtain a reduction of the peak height in the heat capacity at a finite temperature that is accessible by high-order 1 /T expansions.

  15. Low-temperature breakdown of antiferromagnetic quantum critical behavior in FeSe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grinenko, V.; Sarkar, R.; Materne, P.; Kamusella, S.; Yamamshita, A.; Takano, Y.; Sun, Y.; Tamegai, T.; Efremov, D. V.; Drechsler, S.-L.; Orain, J.-C.; Goko, T.; Scheuermann, R.; Luetkens, H.; Klauss, H.-H.

    2018-05-01

    A nematic transition preceding a long-range spin density wave antiferromagnetic phase is a common feature of many parent compounds of Fe-based superconductors. However, in the FeSe system with a nematic transition at Ts≈90 K, no evidence for long-range static magnetism is found down to very low temperatures. The lack of magnetism is a challenge for the theoretical description of FeSe. We investigated high-quality single crystals of FeSe using high-field (up to 9.5 T) muon spin rotation (μ SR ) measurements. The μ SR Knight shift and the bulk susceptibility linearly scale at high temperatures but deviate from this behavior around T*˜10 -20 K, where the Knight shift exhibits a kink. In the temperature range Ts≳T ≳T* , the muon spin depolarization rate shows a quantum critical behavior Λ ∝T-0.4 . The observed critical scaling indicates that FeSe is in the vicinity of an itinerant antiferromagnetic quantum critical point. Below T* the quantum critical behavior breaks down. We argue that this breakdown is caused by a temperature-induced Lifschitz transition.

  16. Anomalous Composition-Induced Crossover in the Magnetic Properties of the Itinerant-Electron Antiferromagnet Ca 1 - x Sr x Co 2 - y As 2

    DOE PAGES

    Sangeetha, N. S.; Smetana, V.; Mudring, A. -V.; ...

    2017-12-20

    We report the inference of Ying et al. [Europhys. Lett. 104, 67005 (2013)] of a composition-induced change from c-axis ordered-moment alignment in a collinear A-type antiferromagnetic (AFM) structure at small x to ab-plane alignment in an unknown AFM structure at larger x in Ca 1-xSr xCo 2-yAs 2 with the body-centered tetragonal ThCr 2Si 2 structure is confirmed. Our major finding is an anomalous magnetic behavior in the crossover region 0.2 ≲ x ≲ 0.3 between these two phases. Also, in this region the magnetic susceptibility vs temperature χ ab(T) measured with magnetic fields H applied in the ab planemore » exhibit typical AFM behaviors with cusps at the Néel temperatures of ~ 65 K, whereas χ c(T) and the low-temperature isothermal magnetization M c(H) with H aligned along the c axis exhibit extremely soft ferromagneticlike behaviors.« less

  17. Anomalous Composition-Induced Crossover in the Magnetic Properties of the Itinerant-Electron Antiferromagnet Ca 1 - x Sr x Co 2 - y As 2

    SciTech Connect

    Sangeetha, N. S.; Smetana, V.; Mudring, A. -V.

    We report the inference of Ying et al. [Europhys. Lett. 104, 67005 (2013)] of a composition-induced change from c-axis ordered-moment alignment in a collinear A-type antiferromagnetic (AFM) structure at small x to ab-plane alignment in an unknown AFM structure at larger x in Ca 1-xSr xCo 2-yAs 2 with the body-centered tetragonal ThCr 2Si 2 structure is confirmed. Our major finding is an anomalous magnetic behavior in the crossover region 0.2 ≲ x ≲ 0.3 between these two phases. Also, in this region the magnetic susceptibility vs temperature χ ab(T) measured with magnetic fields H applied in the ab planemore » exhibit typical AFM behaviors with cusps at the Néel temperatures of ~ 65 K, whereas χ c(T) and the low-temperature isothermal magnetization M c(H) with H aligned along the c axis exhibit extremely soft ferromagneticlike behaviors.« less

  18. Influence of classical anisotropy fields on the properties of Heisenberg antiferromagnets within unified molecular field theory

    DOE PAGES

    Johnston, David C.

    2017-12-26

    Here, a comprehensive study of the influence of classical anisotropy fields on the magnetic properties of Heisenberg antiferromagnets within unified molecular field theory versus temperature T, magnetic field H, and anisotropy field parameter h A1 is presented for systems comprised of identical crystallographically-equivalent local moments. The anisotropy field for collinear z-axis antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordering is constructed so that it is aligned in the direction of each ordered and/or field-induced thermal-average moment with a magnitude proportional to the moment, whereas that for XY anisotropy is defined to be in the direction of the projection of the moment onto the xy plane,more » again with a magnitude proportional to the moment. Properties studied include the zero-field Néel temperature T N, ordered moment, heat capacity, and anisotropic magnetic susceptibility of the AFM phase versus T with moments aligned either along the z axis or in the xy plane. Also determined are the high-field magnetization perpendicular to the axis or plane of collinear or planar noncollinear AFM ordering, the high-field magnetization along the z axis of a collinear z-axis AFM, spin-flop (SF), and paramagnetic (PM) phases, and the free energies of these phases versus T, H, and h A1. Phase diagrams at T=0 in the H z– h A1 plane and at T > 0 in the H z– T plane are constructed for spins S=1/2. For h A1=0, the SF phase is stable at low field and the PM phase at high field with no AFM phase present. As h A1 increases, the phase diagram contains the AFM, SF, and PM phases. Further increases in h A1 lead to the disappearance of the SF phase and the appearance of a tricritical point on the AFM-PM transition curve. Furthermore, applications of the theory to extract h A1 from experimental low-field magnetic susceptibility data and high-field magnetization versus field isotherms for single crystals of AFMs are discussed.« less

  19. Influence of classical anisotropy fields on the properties of Heisenberg antiferromagnets within unified molecular field theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johnston, David C.

    2017-12-01

    A comprehensive study of the influence of classical anisotropy fields on the magnetic properties of Heisenberg antiferromagnets within unified molecular field theory versus temperature T , magnetic field H , and anisotropy field parameter hA 1 is presented for systems comprised of identical crystallographically-equivalent local moments. The anisotropy field for collinear z -axis antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordering is constructed so that it is aligned in the direction of each ordered and/or field-induced thermal-average moment with a magnitude proportional to the moment, whereas that for XY anisotropy is defined to be in the direction of the projection of the moment onto the x y plane, again with a magnitude proportional to the moment. Properties studied include the zero-field Néel temperature TN, ordered moment, heat capacity, and anisotropic magnetic susceptibility of the AFM phase versus T with moments aligned either along the z axis or in the x y plane. Also determined are the high-field magnetization perpendicular to the axis or plane of collinear or planar noncollinear AFM ordering, the high-field magnetization along the z axis of a collinear z -axis AFM, spin-flop (SF), and paramagnetic (PM) phases, and the free energies of these phases versus T ,H , and hA 1. Phase diagrams at T =0 in the Hz-hA 1 plane and at T >0 in the Hz-T plane are constructed for spins S =1 /2 . For hA 1=0 , the SF phase is stable at low field and the PM phase at high field with no AFM phase present. As hA 1 increases, the phase diagram contains the AFM, SF, and PM phases. Further increases in hA 1 lead to the disappearance of the SF phase and the appearance of a tricritical point on the AFM-PM transition curve. Applications of the theory to extract hA 1 from experimental low-field magnetic susceptibility data and high-field magnetization versus field isotherms for single crystals of AFMs are discussed.

  20. Influence of classical anisotropy fields on the properties of Heisenberg antiferromagnets within unified molecular field theory

    SciTech Connect

    Johnston, David C.

    Here, a comprehensive study of the influence of classical anisotropy fields on the magnetic properties of Heisenberg antiferromagnets within unified molecular field theory versus temperature T, magnetic field H, and anisotropy field parameter h A1 is presented for systems comprised of identical crystallographically-equivalent local moments. The anisotropy field for collinear z-axis antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordering is constructed so that it is aligned in the direction of each ordered and/or field-induced thermal-average moment with a magnitude proportional to the moment, whereas that for XY anisotropy is defined to be in the direction of the projection of the moment onto the xy plane,more » again with a magnitude proportional to the moment. Properties studied include the zero-field Néel temperature T N, ordered moment, heat capacity, and anisotropic magnetic susceptibility of the AFM phase versus T with moments aligned either along the z axis or in the xy plane. Also determined are the high-field magnetization perpendicular to the axis or plane of collinear or planar noncollinear AFM ordering, the high-field magnetization along the z axis of a collinear z-axis AFM, spin-flop (SF), and paramagnetic (PM) phases, and the free energies of these phases versus T, H, and h A1. Phase diagrams at T=0 in the H z– h A1 plane and at T > 0 in the H z– T plane are constructed for spins S=1/2. For h A1=0, the SF phase is stable at low field and the PM phase at high field with no AFM phase present. As h A1 increases, the phase diagram contains the AFM, SF, and PM phases. Further increases in h A1 lead to the disappearance of the SF phase and the appearance of a tricritical point on the AFM-PM transition curve. Furthermore, applications of the theory to extract h A1 from experimental low-field magnetic susceptibility data and high-field magnetization versus field isotherms for single crystals of AFMs are discussed.« less

  1. Quantum Criticality of an Ising-like Spin-1 /2 Antiferromagnetic Chain in a Transverse Magnetic Field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Zhe; Lorenz, T.; Gorbunov, D. I.; Cong, P. T.; Kohama, Y.; Niesen, S.; Breunig, O.; Engelmayer, J.; Herman, A.; Wu, Jianda; Kindo, K.; Wosnitza, J.; Zherlitsyn, S.; Loidl, A.

    2018-05-01

    We report on magnetization, sound-velocity, and magnetocaloric-effect measurements of the Ising-like spin-1 /2 antiferromagnetic chain system BaCo2V2O8 as a function of temperature down to 1.3 K and an applied transverse magnetic field up to 60 T. While across the Néel temperature of TN˜5 K anomalies in magnetization and sound velocity confirm the antiferromagnetic ordering transition, at the lowest temperature the field-dependent measurements reveal a sharp softening of sound velocity v (B ) and a clear minimum of temperature T (B ) at B⊥c,3 D=21.4 T , indicating the suppression of the antiferromagnetic order. At higher fields, the T (B ) curve shows a broad minimum at B⊥c=40 T , accompanied by a broad minimum in the sound velocity and a saturationlike magnetization. These features signal a quantum phase transition, which is further characterized by the divergent behavior of the Grüneisen parameter ΓB∝(B -B⊥c)-1. By contrast, around the critical field, the Grüneisen parameter converges as temperature decreases, pointing to a quantum critical point of the one-dimensional transverse-field Ising model.

  2. L1 0 Fe -Pd Synthetic Antiferromagnet through an fcc Ru Spacer Utilized for Perpendicular Magnetic Tunnel Junctions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, De-Lin; Sun, Congli; Lv, Yang; Schliep, Karl B.; Zhao, Zhengyang; Chen, Jun-Yang; Voyles, Paul M.; Wang, Jian-Ping

    2018-04-01

    Magnetic materials that possess large bulk perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) are essential for the development of magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) used in future spintronic memory and logic devices. The addition of an antiferromagnetic layer to these MTJs was recently predicted to facilitate ultrafast magnetization switching. Here, we report a demonstration of a bulk perpendicular synthetic antiferromagnetic (PSAFM) structure comprised of a (001) textured Fe -Pd /Ru /Fe -Pd trilayer with a face-centered-cubic (fcc) phase Ru spacer. The L1 0 Fe -Pd PSAFM structure shows a large bulk PMA (Ku˜10.2 Merg /cm3 ) and strong antiferromagnetic coupling (-JIEC˜2.60 erg /cm2 ). Full perpendicular magnetic tunnel junctions (PMTJs) with a L1 0 Fe -Pd PSAFM layer are then fabricated. Tunneling magnetoresistance ratios of up to approximately 25% (approximately 60%) are observed at room temperature (5 K) after postannealing at 350 °C . Exhibiting high thermal stabilities and large Ku , the bulk PMTJs with an L1 0 Fe -Pd PSAFM layer could pave a way for next-generation ultrahigh-density and ultralow-energy spintronic applications.

  3. Evolution of the magnetic ground state in the electron-doped antiferromagnet CaMnO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cornelius, A. L.; Light, B. E.; Neumeier, J. J.

    2003-07-01

    Measurements of the specific heat on the system CaxMnO3 (x⩽0.10) are reported. Particular attention is paid to the effect that doping the parent compound with electrons by substitution of La for Ca has on the magnetic ground state. The high- (T>40 K) temperature data reveal that doping decreases TN from 122 K for the undoped sample to 103 K for x=0.10. The low temperature (T<20 K) heat-capacity data are consistent with phase separation. The undoped sample displays a finite density of states and typical antiferromagnetic behavior. The addition of electrons in the x⩽0.03 samples creates local ferromagnetism as evidenced by a decreased internal field and the need to add a ferromagnetic component to the heat-capacity data for x=0.03. Further substitution enhances the ferromagnetism as evidenced by the formation of a long-range ferromagnetic component to the undoped antiferromagnetic structure. The results are consistent with a scenario involving the formation of isolated ferromagnetic droplets for small x that start to overlap for x≈0.06 giving rise to long range ferromagnetism coexisting with antiferromagnetism.

  4. Josephson-like spin current in junctions composed of antiferromagnets and ferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moor, A.; Volkov, A. F.; Efetov, K. B.

    2012-01-01

    We study Josephson-like junctions formed by materials with antiferromagnetic (AF) order parameters. As an antiferromagnet, we consider a two-band material in which a spin density wave (SDW) arises. This could be Fe-based pnictides in the temperature interval Tc≤T≤TN, where Tc and TN are the critical temperatures for the superconducting and antiferromagnetic transitions, respectively. The spin current jSp in AF/F/AF junctions with a ballistic ferromagnetic layer and in tunnel AF/I/AF junctions is calculated. It depends on the angle between the magnetization vectors in the AF leads in the same way as the Josephson current depends on the phase difference of the superconducting order parameters in S/I/S tunnel junctions. It turns out that in AF/F/AF junctions, two components of the SDW order parameter are induced in the F layer. One of them oscillates in space with a short period ξF,b˜ℏv/H, while the other decays monotonously from the interfaces over a long distance of the order ξN,b=ℏv/2πT (where v, H, and T are the Fermi velocity, the exchange energy, and the temperature, respectively; the subindex “b” denotes the ballistic case). This is a clear analogy with the case of Josephson S/F/S junctions with a nonhomogeneous magnetization where short- and long-range condensate components are induced in the F layer. However, in contrast to the charge Josephson current in S/F/S junctions, the spin current in AF/F/AF junctions is not constant in space, but oscillates in the ballistic F layer. We also calculate the dependence of jSp on the deviation from the ideal nesting in the AF/I/AF junctions. The spin current is maximal in the insulating phase of the AF and decreases in the metallic phase. It turns to zero at the Neel point when the amplitude of the SDW is zero and changes sign for certain values of the detuning parameter.

  5. Volume-wise destruction of the antiferromagnetic Mott insulating state through quantum tuning.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Uemura, Yasutomo

    RENiO3 (RE = rare-earth element) and V2O3 are archetypal Mott insulator systems. When tuned by chemical substitution (RENiO3) or hydrostatic pressure (V2O3) , they exhibit a quantum phase transition (QPT) between an antiferromagnetic Mott insulating state and a paramagnetic metallic state. We demonstrate through muon spin relaxation/rotation (μSR) experiments that the QPT in RENiO3 and V2O3 is first order: the magnetically ordered volume fraction decreases to zero at the QPT, resulting in a broad region of intrinsic phase separation, while the ordered magnetic moment retains its full value until it is suddenly destroyed at the QPT. These two cases correspond to the band-width tuning of Mott transitions, and also associated with structural phase transitions, Volume evolutions of antiferromagnetic transition from μSR will be compared to those of structure by x-ray and metallicity by nano optics, in first-order thermal Mott transition in a V2O3 film at ambient pressure. These results will be compared to the process of destruction of magnetic order in another Mott transition system Ba(Co,Ni)S2 in ``filling control'' without structural transition, and in parent compounds of high-Tc cuprates and Fe-based superconductors. We will also discuss roles of first-order quantum transition in generating soft modes relevant to magnetic resonance mode in unconventional superconductors. Work performed in collaboration with the groups of: J.A. Alonso (Madrid), H. Kageyama (Kyoto). E. Morenzoni (PSI), G.M. Luke (McMaster), C.Q. Jin (IOP Beijing), F.L. Ning (Zhejian), S.J.L. Billinge (Columbia), S. Shamoto, W. Higemoto (JAEA), A. Fujimori (Tokyo), A. Gauzzi (Paris), R. de Renzi (Parma), G. Kotliar (Rutgers), M. Imada (Tokyo), D. Basov (UCSD), I, Schuller (UCSD). supported by NSF DMR-1610633 and DMR-1436095 (DMREF).

  6. Optical properties of antiferromagnetic/ion-crystal superlattices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ta, Jin-Xing; Song, Yu-Ling; Wang, Xuan-Zhang

    2012-01-01

    Transmission, refraction and absorption properties of an antiferromagnetic/ion-crystal superlattice are investigated. The transmission spectra based on FeF2/TlBr superlattices reveal that there exist two intriguing guided modes in a wide stop band. Additionally, FeF2/TlBr superlattices possess either the negative refraction or the quasi left-handedness, or even simultaneously hold them at certain frequencies of two guided modes, which require both negative magnetic permeability of antiferromagnetic layers and negative permittivity of ion-crystal layers. Frequency regimes of the guided modes will be dependent on the magnitude of the external magnetic field. Therefore, handedness and refraction properties of the system can be manipulated by modifying the external magnetic field. Absorption spectra exhibit that absorption corresponding to guided modes is noticeable.

  7. Magnetic anisotropy in antiferromagnetic hexagonal MnTe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kriegner, D.; Reichlova, H.; Grenzer, J.; Schmidt, W.; Ressouche, E.; Godinho, J.; Wagner, T.; Martin, S. Y.; Shick, A. B.; Volobuev, V. V.; Springholz, G.; Holý, V.; Wunderlich, J.; Jungwirth, T.; Výborný, K.

    2017-12-01

    Antiferromagnetic hexagonal MnTe is a promising material for spintronic devices relying on the control of antiferromagnetic domain orientations. Here we report on neutron diffraction, magnetotransport, and magnetometry experiments on semiconducting epitaxial MnTe thin films together with density functional theory (DFT) calculations of the magnetic anisotropies. The easy axes of the magnetic moments within the hexagonal basal plane are determined to be along 〈1 1 ¯00 〉 directions. The spin-flop transition and concomitant repopulation of domains in strong magnetic fields is observed. Using epitaxially induced strain the onset of the spin-flop transition changes from ˜2 to ˜0.5 T for films grown on InP and SrF2 substrates, respectively.

  8. Antiferromagnetic exchange coupling measurements on single Co clusters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wernsdorfer, W.; Leroy, D.; Portemont, C.; Brenac, A.; Morel, R.; Notin, L.; Mailly, D.

    2009-03-01

    We report on single-cluster measurements of the angular dependence of the low-temperature ferromagnetic core magnetization switching field in exchange-coupled Co/CoO core-shell clusters (4 nm) using a micro-bridge DC superconducting quantum interference device (μ-SQUID). It is observed that the coupling with the antiferromagnetic shell induces modification in the switching field for clusters with intrinsic uniaxial anisotropy depending on the direction of the magnetic field applied during the cooling. Using a modified Stoner-Wohlfarth model, it is shown that the core interacts with two weakly coupled and asymmetrical antiferromagnetic sublattices. Ref.: C. Portemont, R. Morel, W. Wernsdorfer, D. Mailly, A. Brenac, and L. Notin, Phys. Rev. B 78, 144415 (2008)

  9. Driving chiral domain walls in antiferromagnets using rotating magnetic fields

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pan, Keming; Xing, Lingdi; Yuan, H. Y.; Wang, Weiwei

    2018-05-01

    We show theoretically and numerically that an antiferromagnetic domain wall can be moved by a rotating magnetic field in the presence of Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI). Two motion modes are found: rigid domain wall motion at low frequency (corresponding to the perfect frequency synchronization) and the oscillating motion at high frequency. In the full synchronized region, the steady velocity of the domain wall is universal, in the sense that it depends only on the frequency of the rotating field and the ratio between DMI strength and exchange constant. The domain wall velocity is independent of the Gilbert damping and the rotating field strength. Moreover, a rotating field in megahertz is sufficient to move the antiferromagnetic domain wall.

  10. Terahertz electrical writing speed in an antiferromagnetic memory

    PubMed Central

    Kašpar, Zdeněk; Campion, Richard P.; Baumgartner, Manuel; Sinova, Jairo; Kužel, Petr; Müller, Melanie; Kampfrath, Tobias

    2018-01-01

    The speed of writing of state-of-the-art ferromagnetic memories is physically limited by an intrinsic gigahertz threshold. Recently, realization of memory devices based on antiferromagnets, in which spin directions periodically alternate from one atomic lattice site to the next has moved research in an alternative direction. We experimentally demonstrate at room temperature that the speed of reversible electrical writing in a memory device can be scaled up to terahertz using an antiferromagnet. A current-induced spin-torque mechanism is responsible for the switching in our memory devices throughout the 12-order-of-magnitude range of writing speeds from hertz to terahertz. Our work opens the path toward the development of memory-logic technology reaching the elusive terahertz band. PMID:29740601

  11. Currentless reversal of Néel vector in antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Semenov, Yuriy G.; Li, Xi-Lai; Kim, Ki Wook

    2017-01-01

    The possibility of magnetization reversal via a bias-mediated perpendicular magnetic anisotropy is examined theoretically in an antiferromagnet. The numerical analyses based on a Néel vector formulation as well as the micromagnetic Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert simulation reveal that the desired switching can be achieved through dynamical responses that are significantly different from their ferromagnetic counterparts. Instead of the usual precessional trajectories around the applied effective magnetic field, their motions are rather pendulum-like due to the layered magnetic sublattices with a strong antiparallel exchange interaction, where the inertial behavior plays a crucial role. The absence of spiral damping can also lead to faster relaxation by orders of magnitude. With no reliance on the current driven processes, the investigated mechanism is predicted with a low energy requirement of only a few aJ per switching operation in the antiferromagnets.

  12. Spin Nernst effect of magnons in collinear antiferromagnets

    SciTech Connect

    Cheng, Ran; Okamoto, Satoshi; Xiao, Di

    2016-11-15

    In a collinear antiferromagnet with easy-axis anisotropy, symmetry guarantees that the spin wave modes are doubly degenerate. The two modes carry opposite spin angular momentum and exhibit opposite chirality. Using a honeycomb antiferromagnet in the presence of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction, we show that a longitudinal temperature gradient can drive the two modes to opposite transverse directions, realizing a spin Nernst effect of magnons with vanishing thermal Hall current. We find that magnons around themore » $$\\Gamma$$ point and the $K$ point contribute oppositely to the transverse spin transport, and their competition leads to a sign change of the spin Nernst coefficient at finite temperature. As a result, possible material candidates are discussed.« less

  13. Spin-Wave Chirality and Its Manifestations in Antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Proskurin, Igor; Stamps, Robert L.; Ovchinnikov, Alexander S.; Kishine, Jun-ichiro

    2017-10-01

    As first demonstrated by Tang and Cohen in chiral optics, the asymmetry in the rate of electromagnetic energy absorption between left and right enantiomers is determined by an optical chirality density. Here, we demonstrate that this effect can exist in magnetic spin systems. By constructing a formal analogy with electrodynamics, we show that in antiferromagnets with broken chiral symmetry, the asymmetry in local spin-wave energy absorption is proportional to a spin-wave chirality density, which is a direct counterpart of optical zilch. We propose that injection of a pure spin current into an antiferromagnet may serve as a chiral symmetry breaking mechanism, since its effect in the spin-wave approximation can be expressed in terms of additional Lifshitz invariants. We use linear response theory to show that the spin current induces a nonequilibrium spin-wave chirality density.

  14. Entanglement in a spin- s antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hao, Xiang; Zhu, Shiqun

    2005-10-01

    The entanglement in a general Heisenberg antiferromagnetic chain of arbitrary spin- s is investigated. The entanglement is witnessed by the thermal energy which equals the minimum energy of any separable state. There is a characteristic temperature below that an entangled thermal state exists. The characteristic temperature for thermal entanglement is increased with spin s . When the total number of lattice is increased, the characteristic temperature decreases and then approaches a constant. This effect shows that the thermal entanglement can be detected in a real solid state system of larger number of lattices for finite temperature. The comparison of negativity and entanglement witness is obtained from the separability of the unentangled states. It is found that the thermal energy provides a sufficient condition for the existence of the thermal entanglement in a spin- s antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain.

  15. Magneto-elastic coupling across the first-order transition in the distorted kagome lattice antiferromagnet Dy3Ru4Al12

    PubMed Central

    Henriques, M.S.; Gorbunov, D.I.; Kriegner, D.; Vališka, M.; Andreev, A.V.; Matěj, Z.

    2018-01-01

    Structural changes through the first-order paramagnetic-antiferromagnetic phase transition of Dy3Ru4Al12 at 7 K have been studied by means of X-ray diffraction and thermal expansion measurements. The compound crystallizes in a hexagonal crystal structure of Gd3Ru4Al12 type (P63/mmc space group), and no structural phase transition has been found in the temperature interval between 2.5 and 300 K. Nevertheless, due to the spin-lattice coupling the crystal volume undergoes a small orthorhombic distortion of the order of 2×10-5 as the compound enters the antiferromagnetic state. We propose that the first-order phase transition is not driven by the structural changes but rather by the exchange interactions present in the system. PMID:29445250

  16. Antiferromagnetic domain wall as spin wave polarizer and retarder.

    PubMed

    Lan, Jin; Yu, Weichao; Xiao, Jiang

    2017-08-02

    As a collective quasiparticle excitation of the magnetic order in magnetic materials, spin wave, or magnon when quantized, can propagate in both conducting and insulating materials. Like the manipulation of its optical counterpart, the ability to manipulate spin wave polarization is not only important but also fundamental for magnonics. With only one type of magnetic lattice, ferromagnets can only accommodate the right-handed circularly polarized spin wave modes, which leaves no freedom for polarization manipulation. In contrast, antiferromagnets, with two opposite magnetic sublattices, have both left and right-circular polarizations, and all linear and elliptical polarizations. Here we demonstrate theoretically and confirm by micromagnetic simulations that, in the presence of Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction, an antiferromagnetic domain wall acts naturally as a spin wave polarizer or a spin wave retarder (waveplate). Our findings provide extremely simple yet flexible routes toward magnonic information processing by harnessing the polarization degree of freedom of spin wave.Spin waves are promising candidates as carriers for energy-efficient information processing, but they have not yet been fully explored application wise. Here the authors theoretically demonstrate that antiferromagnetic domain walls are naturally spin wave polarizers and retarders, two key components of magnonic devices.

  17. Tricritical point of the f -electron antiferromagnet US b 2 driven by high magnetic fields

    DOE PAGES

    Stillwell, R. L.; Liu, I. -L.; Harrison, Neil; ...

    2017-01-12

    In pulsed magnetic fields up to 65 T and at temperatures below the Néel transition, our magnetization and magnetostriction measurements reveal a field-induced metamagneticlike transition that is suggestive of an antiferromagnetic to ferrimagnetic ordering. Our data also suggest a change in the nature of this metamagneticlike transition from second- to first-order-like near a tricritical point at T tc ~ 145K and H c ~ 52 T. At high fields for H > H c we found a decreased magnetic moment roughly half of the moment determined by neutron powder diffraction. Lastly, we propose that the decreased moment and lack ofmore » saturation at high fields indicate the presence of a field-induced ferrimagnetic state above the tricritical point of the H-T phase diagram for USb 2.« less

  18. Local antiferromagnetic exchange and collaborative Fermi surface as key ingredients of high temperature superconductors

    PubMed Central

    Hu, Jiangping; Ding, Hong

    2012-01-01

    Cuprates, ferropnictides and ferrochalcogenides are three classes of unconventional high temperature superconductors, who share similar phase diagrams in which superconductivity develops after a magnetic order is suppressed, suggesting a strong interplay between superconductivity and magnetism, although the exact picture of this interplay remains elusive. Here we show that there is a direct bridge connecting antiferromagnetic exchange interactions determined in the parent compounds of these materials to the superconducting gap functions observed in the corresponding superconducting materials: in all high temperature superconductors, the Fermi surface topology matches the form factor of the pairing symmetry favored by local magnetic exchange interactions. We suggest that this match offers a principle guide to search for new high temperature superconductors. PMID:22536479

  19. The magnetic properties and structure of the quasi-two-dimensional antiferromagnet CoPS3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wildes, A. R.; Simonet, V.; Ressouche, E.; Ballou, R.; McIntyre, G. J.

    2017-11-01

    The magnetic properties and magnetic structure are presented for CoPS3, a quasi-two-dimensional antiferromagnet on a honeycomb lattice with a Néel temperature of TN ∼120 K. The compound is shown to have XY-like anisotropy in its susceptibility, and the anisotropy is analysed to extract crystal field parameters. For temperatures between 2 K and 300 K, no phase transitions were observed in the field-dependent magnetization up to 10 Tesla. Single-crystal neutron diffraction shows that the magnetic propagation vector is k  =  (0 1 0) with the moments mostly along the {a} axis and with a small component along the {c} axis, which largely verifies the previously-published magnetic structure for this compound. The magnetic Bragg peak intensity decreases with increasing temperature as a power law with exponent 2β = 0.60 +/- 0.01 for T > 0.9~TN .

  20. Observation of direct evolution from antiferromagnetism to superconductivity in C u1 -xL ixFeAs (0 ≤x ≤1.0 )

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Kunkun; Yuan, Duanduan; Guo, Jiangang; Chen, Xiaolong

    2018-04-01

    We report the structure, antiferromagnetism, and superconductivity in C u1 -xL ixFeAs (0 ≤x ≤1.0 ) samples. A direct evolution from antiferromagnetism to superconductivity is observed as increasing doping level of Li. A phase diagram is constructed to show this evolution, which features no coexistence region between superconductivity and antiferromagnetism. This behavior shows that antiferromagnetic CuFeAs can be regarded as a parent compound to the observed superconductivity by equivalent doping, which is different from the cases with other FeAs-based superconductors. Structural analyses and first-principles calculations indicate that the anion height of F e2A s2 tetrahedral layer plays a crucial role on the physical properties. Moreover, the simple Fermi surface nesting picture adopted to explain the evolution from spin-density wave to superconductor in other FeAs-based superconductors might be not applicable to C u1 -xL ixFeAs .

  1. Magnetic field induced switching of the antiferromagnetic order parameter in thin films of magnetoelectric chromia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fallarino, Lorenzo; Berger, Andreas; Binek, Christian

    2015-02-01

    A Landau-theoretical approach is utilized to model the magnetic field induced reversal of the antiferromagnetic order parameter in thin films of magnetoelectric antiferromagnets. A key ingredient of this peculiar switching phenomenon is the presence of a robust spin polarized state at the surface of the antiferromagnetic films. Surface or boundary magnetization is symmetry allowed in magnetoelectric antiferromagnets and experimentally established for chromia thin films. It couples rigidly to the antiferromagnetic order parameter and its Zeeman energy creates a pathway to switch the antiferromagnet via magnetic field application. In the framework of a minimalist Landau free energy expansion, the temperature dependence of the switching field and the field dependence of the transition width are derived. Least-squares fits to magnetometry data of (0001 ) textured chromia thin films strongly support this model of the magnetic reversal mechanism.

  2. Effects of size, shape, and frequency on the antiferromagnetic resonance linewidth of MnF

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Obrien, K. C.

    1973-01-01

    The research concerning the properties and application of solid state materials at submillimeter frequencies is summarized. Work reported includes: far infrared Fourier spectroscopy; studies of the antiferromagnetic resonance line in MnF2 at millimeter wavelengths; numerical solution of the equations of motion of a general two-sublattice antiferromagnet; study of antiferromagnetic resonance line in NiO powder; and resonance investigations of several indium thisospinels at millimeter wavelengths.

  3. Calculations of Exchange Bias in Thin Films with Ferromagnetic/Antiferromagnetic Interfaces

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koon, N. C.

    1997-06-01

    A microscopic explanation of exchange bias in thin films with compensated ferro/antiferromagnetic interfaces is presented. Full micromagnetic calculations show the interfacial exchange coupling to be relatively strong with a perpendicular orientation between the ferro/antiferromagnetic axis directions, similar to the classic ``spin-flop'' state in bulk antiferromagnets. With reasonable parameters the calculations predict bias fields comparable to those observed and provide a possible explanation for both anomalous high field rotational hysteresis and recently discovered ``positive'' exchange bias.

  4. Magnitude of the magnetic exchange interaction in the heavy-fermion antiferromagnet CeRhIn 5

    DOE PAGES

    Das, Pinaki; Lin, S. -Z.; Ghimire, N. J.; ...

    2014-12-08

    We have used high-resolution neutron spectroscopy experiments to determine the complete spin wave spectrum of the heavy-fermion antiferromagnet CeRhIn₅. The spin wave dispersion can be quantitatively reproduced with a simple frustrated J₁-J₂ model that also naturally explains the magnetic spin-spiral ground state of CeRhIn₅ and yields a dominant in-plane nearest-neighbor magnetic exchange constant J₀=0.74(3) meV. Our results lead the way to a quantitative understanding of the rich low-temperature phase diagram of the prominent CeTIn₅ (T = Co, Rh, Ir) class of heavy-fermion materials.

  5. Spin-wave energy dispersion of a frustrated spin-½ Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a stacked square lattice.

    PubMed

    Majumdar, Kingshuk

    2011-03-23

    The effects of interlayer coupling and spatial anisotropy on the spin-wave excitation spectra of a three-dimensional spatially anisotropic, frustrated spin-½ Heisenberg antiferromagnet (HAFM) are investigated for the two ordered phases using second-order spin-wave expansion. We show that the second-order corrections to the spin-wave energies are significant and find that the energy spectra of the three-dimensional HAFM have similar qualitative features to the energy spectra of the two-dimensional HAFM on a square lattice. We also discuss the features that can provide experimental measures for the strength of the interlayer coupling, spatial anisotropy parameter, and magnetic frustration.

  6. Higgs amplitude mode in a two-dimensional quantum antiferromagnet near the quantum critical point

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hong, Tao; Matsumoto, Masashige; Qiu, Yiming; Chen, Wangchun; Gentile, Thomas R.; Watson, Shannon; Awwadi, Firas F.; Turnbull, Mark M.; Dissanayake, Sachith E.; Agrawal, Harish; Toft-Petersen, Rasmus; Klemke, Bastian; Coester, Kris; Schmidt, Kai P.; Tennant, David A.

    2017-07-01

    Spontaneous symmetry-breaking quantum phase transitions play an essential role in condensed-matter physics. The collective excitations in the broken-symmetry phase near the quantum critical point can be characterized by fluctuations of phase and amplitude of the order parameter. The phase oscillations correspond to the massless Nambu-Goldstone modes whereas the massive amplitude mode, analogous to the Higgs boson in particle physics, is prone to decay into a pair of low-energy Nambu-Goldstone modes in low dimensions. Especially, observation of a Higgs amplitude mode in two dimensions is an outstanding experimental challenge. Here, using inelastic neutron scattering and applying the bond-operator theory, we directly and unambiguously identify the Higgs amplitude mode in a two-dimensional S = 1/2 quantum antiferromagnet C9H18N2CuBr4 near a quantum critical point in two dimensions. Owing to an anisotropic energy gap, it kinematically prevents such decay and the Higgs amplitude mode acquires an infinite lifetime.

  7. Detection of Antiferromagnetic Correlations in the Fermi-Hubbard Model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hulet, Randall

    2014-05-01

    The Hubbard model, consisting of a cubic lattice with on-site interactions and kinetic energy arising from tunneling to nearest neighbors is a ``standard model'' of strongly correlated many-body physics, and it may also contain the essential ingredients of high-temperature superconductivity. While the Hamiltonian has only two terms it cannot be numerically solved for arbitrary density of spin-1/2 fermions due to exponential growth in the basis size. At a density of one spin-1/2 particle per site, however, the Hubbard model is known to exhibit antiferromagnetism at temperatures below the Néel temperature TN, a property shared by most of the undoped parent compounds of high-Tc superconductors. The realization of antiferromagnetism in a 3D optical lattice with atomic fermions has been impeded by the inability to attain sufficiently low temperatures. We have developed a method to perform evaporative cooling in a 3D cubic lattice by compensating the confinement envelope of the infrared optical lattice beams with blue-detuned laser beams. Evaporation can be controlled by the intensity of these non-retroreflected compensating beams. We observe significantly lower temperatures of a two-spin component gas of 6Li atoms in the lattice using this method. The cooling enables us to detect the development of short-range antiferromagnetic correlations using spin-sensitive Bragg scattering of light. Comparison with quantum Monte Carlo constrains the temperature in the lattice to 2-3 TN. We will discuss the prospects of attaining even lower temperatures with this method. Supported by DARPA/ARO, ONR, and NSF.

  8. Spin-dependent transport in antiferromagnetic tunnel junctions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Merodio, P.; Kalitsov, A.; Béa, H.; Baltz, V.; Chshiev, M.

    2014-09-01

    We investigate the behaviour of spin transfer torque (STT) and tunnelling magnetoresistance (TMR) in epitaxial antiferromagnetic-based tunnel junctions using tight binding calculations in the framework of the Keldysh formalism. We find that the STT out-of-plane component exhibits a staggered spatial distribution similar to its in-plane component. This behaviour is specific to the use of a tunnel barrier and significantly differs from the out-of-plane torques reported in previous works using a metallic spacer. Additionally, we show that unlike conventional ferromagnetic-based tunnel junctions, the TMR can increase with applied bias and reach values comparable to typical magnetoresistances found for usual spin valves.

  9. Competing interactions in ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic perovskite superlattices

    SciTech Connect

    Takamura, Y.; Biegalski, M.B.; Christen, H.M.

    2009-10-22

    Soft x-ray magnetic dichroism, magnetization, and magnetotransport measurements demonstrate that the competition between different magnetic interactions (exchange coupling, electronic reconstruction, and long-range interactions) in La{sub 0.7}Sr{sub 0.3}FeO{sub 3}(LSFO)/La{sub 0.7}Sr{sub 0.3}MnO{sub 3}(LSMO) perovskite oxide superlattices leads to unexpected functional properties. The antiferromagnetic order parameter in LSFO and ferromagnetic order parameter in LSMO show a dissimilar dependence on sublayer thickness and temperature, illustrating the high degree of tunability in these artificially layered materials.

  10. Frustration and correlations in stacked triangular-lattice Ising antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burnell, F. J.; Chalker, J. T.

    2015-12-01

    We study multilayer triangular-lattice Ising antiferromagnets with interlayer interactions that are weak and frustrated in an abc stacking. By analyzing a coupled height model description of these systems, we show that they exhibit a classical spin liquid regime at low temperature, in which both intralayer and interlayer correlations are strong but there is no long-range order. Diffuse scattering in this regime is concentrated on a helix in reciprocal space, as observed for charge ordering in the materials LuFe2O4 and YbFe2O4 .

  11. Electron gas at the interface between two antiferromagnetic insulating manganites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Calderón, M. J.; Salafranca, J.; Brey, L.

    2008-07-01

    We study theoretically the magnetic and electric properties of the interface between two antiferromagnetic and insulating manganites: La0.5Ca0.5MnO3 , a strong correlated insulator, and CaMnO3 , a band insulator. We find that a ferromagnetic and metallic electron gas is formed at the interface between the two layers. We confirm the metallic character of the interface by calculating the in-plane conductance. The possibility of increasing the electron-gas density by selective doping is also discussed.

  12. Direct observation of the Higgs amplitude mode in a two-dimensional quantum antiferromagnet near the quantum critical point

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hong, Tao; Matsumoto, M.; Qiu, Y.; Chen, W. C.; Gentile, T. R.; Watson, S.; Awwadi, F. F.; Turnbull, M. M.; Dissanayake, S. E.; Agrawal, H.; Toft-Petersen, R.; Klemke, B.; Coester, K.; Schmidt, K. P.; Tennant, D. A.

    The emergence of low-energy excitations in the spontaneous symmetry-breaking quantum phase transitions can be characterized by fluctuations of phase and amplitude of the order parameter. The phase oscillations correspond to the massless Nambu-Goldstone (or transverse) modes whereas the massive amplitude (or longitudinal) mode, analogous to the Higgs boson in particle physics, is prone to decay into a pair of low-energy Nambu-Goldstone modes in low dimensions, which makes it experimentally difficult to detect Here, using inelastic neutron scattering and applying the bondoperator theory, we directly and unambiguously identify the Higgs amplitude mode in a two dimensional S = 1/2 quantum antiferromagnet C9H18N2CuBr4 near a quantum critical point in two dimensions. Owing to an anisotropic energy gap of the transverse spin excitation, it kinematically prevents such decay and the Higgs amplitude mode acquires an infinite life time.

  13. Multiferroicity in the generic easy-plane triangular lattice antiferromagnet RbFe(MoO4)2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    White, J. S.; Niedermayer, Ch.; Gasparovic, G.; Broholm, C.; Park, J. M. S.; Shapiro, A. Ya.; Demianets, L. A.; Kenzelmann, M.

    2013-08-01

    RbFe(MoO4)2 is a quasi-two-dimensional (quasi-2D) triangular lattice antiferromagnet (TLA) that displays a zero-field magnetically driven multiferroic phase with a chiral spin structure. By inelastic neutron scattering, we determine quantitatively the spin Hamiltonian. We show that the easy-plane anisotropy is nearly 1/3 of the dominant spin exchange, making RbFe(MoO4)2 an excellent system for studying the physics of the model 2D easy-plane TLA. Our measurements demonstrate magnetic-field-induced fluctuations in this material to stabilize the generic finite-field phases of the 2D XY TLA. We further explain how Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions can generate ferroelectricity only in the zero-field phase. Our conclusion is that multiferroicity in RbFe(MoO4)2, and its absence at high fields, results from the generic properties of the 2D XY TLA.

  14. Volume-wise destruction of the antiferromagnetic Mott insulating state through quantum tuning.

    PubMed

    Frandsen, Benjamin A; Liu, Lian; Cheung, Sky C; Guguchia, Zurab; Khasanov, Rustem; Morenzoni, Elvezio; Munsie, Timothy J S; Hallas, Alannah M; Wilson, Murray N; Cai, Yipeng; Luke, Graeme M; Chen, Bijuan; Li, Wenmin; Jin, Changqing; Ding, Cui; Guo, Shengli; Ning, Fanlong; Ito, Takashi U; Higemoto, Wataru; Billinge, Simon J L; Sakamoto, Shoya; Fujimori, Atsushi; Murakami, Taito; Kageyama, Hiroshi; Alonso, Jose Antonio; Kotliar, Gabriel; Imada, Masatoshi; Uemura, Yasutomo J

    2016-08-17

    RENiO3 (RE=rare-earth element) and V2O3 are archetypal Mott insulator systems. When tuned by chemical substitution (RENiO3) or pressure (V2O3), they exhibit a quantum phase transition (QPT) between an antiferromagnetic Mott insulating state and a paramagnetic metallic state. Because novel physics often appears near a Mott QPT, the details of this transition, such as whether it is first or second order, are important. Here, we demonstrate through muon spin relaxation/rotation (μSR) experiments that the QPT in RENiO3 and V2O3 is first order: the magnetically ordered volume fraction decreases to zero at the QPT, resulting in a broad region of intrinsic phase separation, while the ordered magnetic moment retains its full value until it is suddenly destroyed at the QPT. These findings bring to light a surprising universality of the pressure-driven Mott transition, revealing the importance of phase separation and calling for further investigation into the nature of quantum fluctuations underlying the transition.

  15. Volume-wise destruction of the antiferromagnetic Mott insulating state through quantum tuning

    PubMed Central

    Frandsen, Benjamin A.; Liu, Lian; Cheung, Sky C.; Guguchia, Zurab; Khasanov, Rustem; Morenzoni, Elvezio; Munsie, Timothy J. S.; Hallas, Alannah M.; Wilson, Murray N.; Cai, Yipeng; Luke, Graeme M.; Chen, Bijuan; Li, Wenmin; Jin, Changqing; Ding, Cui; Guo, Shengli; Ning, Fanlong; Ito, Takashi U.; Higemoto, Wataru; Billinge, Simon J. L.; Sakamoto, Shoya; Fujimori, Atsushi; Murakami, Taito; Kageyama, Hiroshi; Alonso, Jose Antonio; Kotliar, Gabriel; Imada, Masatoshi; Uemura, Yasutomo J.

    2016-01-01

    RENiO3 (RE=rare-earth element) and V2O3 are archetypal Mott insulator systems. When tuned by chemical substitution (RENiO3) or pressure (V2O3), they exhibit a quantum phase transition (QPT) between an antiferromagnetic Mott insulating state and a paramagnetic metallic state. Because novel physics often appears near a Mott QPT, the details of this transition, such as whether it is first or second order, are important. Here, we demonstrate through muon spin relaxation/rotation (μSR) experiments that the QPT in RENiO3 and V2O3 is first order: the magnetically ordered volume fraction decreases to zero at the QPT, resulting in a broad region of intrinsic phase separation, while the ordered magnetic moment retains its full value until it is suddenly destroyed at the QPT. These findings bring to light a surprising universality of the pressure-driven Mott transition, revealing the importance of phase separation and calling for further investigation into the nature of quantum fluctuations underlying the transition. PMID:27531192

  16. Volume-wise destruction of the antiferromagnetic Mott insulating state through quantum tuning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Frandsen, Benjamin A.; Liu, Lian; Cheung, Sky C.; Guguchia, Zurab; Khasanov, Rustem; Morenzoni, Elvezio; Munsie, Timothy J. S.; Hallas, Alannah M.; Wilson, Murray N.; Cai, Yipeng; Luke, Graeme M.; Chen, Bijuan; Li, Wenmin; Jin, Changqing; Ding, Cui; Guo, Shengli; Ning, Fanlong; Ito, Takashi U.; Higemoto, Wataru; Billinge, Simon J. L.; Sakamoto, Shoya; Fujimori, Atsushi; Murakami, Taito; Kageyama, Hiroshi; Alonso, Jose Antonio; Kotliar, Gabriel; Imada, Masatoshi; Uemura, Yasutomo J.

    2016-08-01

    RENiO3 (RE=rare-earth element) and V2O3 are archetypal Mott insulator systems. When tuned by chemical substitution (RENiO3) or pressure (V2O3), they exhibit a quantum phase transition (QPT) between an antiferromagnetic Mott insulating state and a paramagnetic metallic state. Because novel physics often appears near a Mott QPT, the details of this transition, such as whether it is first or second order, are important. Here, we demonstrate through muon spin relaxation/rotation (μSR) experiments that the QPT in RENiO3 and V2O3 is first order: the magnetically ordered volume fraction decreases to zero at the QPT, resulting in a broad region of intrinsic phase separation, while the ordered magnetic moment retains its full value until it is suddenly destroyed at the QPT. These findings bring to light a surprising universality of the pressure-driven Mott transition, revealing the importance of phase separation and calling for further investigation into the nature of quantum fluctuations underlying the transition.

  17. Volume-wise destruction of the antiferromagnetic Mott insulating state through quantum tuning

    DOE PAGES

    B. A. Frandsen; Liu, L.; Cheung, S. C.; ...

    2016-08-17

    RENiO 3 (RE=rare-earth element) and V 2O 3 are archetypal Mott insulator systems. When tuned by chemical substitution (RENiO 3) or pressure (V 2O 3), they exhibit a quantum phase transition (QPT) between an antiferromagnetic Mott insulating state and a paramagnetic metallic state. Because novel physics often appears near a Mott QPT, the details of this transition, such as whether it is first or second order, are important. Here, we demonstrate through muon spin relaxation/rotation (μSR) experiments that the QPT in RENiO 3 and V 2O 3 is first order: the magnetically ordered volume fraction decreases to zero at themore » QPT, resulting in a broad region of intrinsic phase separation, while the ordered magnetic moment retains its full value until it is suddenly destroyed at the QPT. These findings bring to light a surprising universality of the pressure-driven Mott transition, revealing the importance of phase separation and calling for further investigation into the nature of quantum fluctuations underlying the transition.« less

  18. Tuning the metamagnetism in a metallic helical antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, S. C.; Liu, K.; Ma, C. C.; Ge, Q.; Zhang, J. T.; Hu, Y. F.; Liu, E. K.; Zhong, Z. C.

    2017-12-01

    The antiferromagnetic (AFM)-ferromagnetic (FM) conversion in martensite was observed in Mn/Ni-substitution upon FM elements, such as Fe or Co, in MnNiGe helical antiferromagnets. Here, we report an AFM-FM conversion and consequently a sharp magnetic-field-driven metamagnetic martensitic transformation from paramagnetic (PM) austenite to FM martensite in the Ni- and Mn-substituted MnNiGe alloys with indium, a non-magnetic and large-sized main group element. Accordingly, a giant magnetocaloric effect such that a twofold increase of the magnetic entropy change in MnNi0.92GeIn0.08 and even a nearly threefold increase in the Mn0.92NiGeIn0.08 alloy is obtained with respect to the MnNiGe0.95In0.05 alloy. The origin of AFM-FM conversion and resultantly sharp magnetic-field-induced PM-FM metamagnetic transformation is discussed based on the first-principles calculations and X-ray absorption spectroscopic results.

  19. Thermal noise model of antiferromagnetic dynamics: A macroscopic approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Xilai; Semenov, Yuriy; Kim, Ki Wook

    In the search for post-silicon technologies, antiferromagnetic (AFM) spintronics is receiving widespread attention. Due to faster dynamics when compared with its ferromagnetic counterpart, AFM enables ultra-fast magnetization switching and THz oscillations. A crucial factor that affects the stability of antiferromagnetic dynamics is the thermal fluctuation, rarely considered in AFM research. Here, we derive from theory both stochastic dynamic equations for the macroscopic AFM Neel vector (L-vector) and the corresponding Fokker-Plank equation for the L-vector distribution function. For the dynamic equation approach, thermal noise is modeled by a stochastic fluctuating magnetic field that affects the AFM dynamics. The field is correlated within the correlation time and the amplitude is derived from the energy dissipation theory. For the distribution function approach, the inertial behavior of AFM dynamics forces consideration of the generalized space, including both coordinates and velocities. Finally, applying the proposed thermal noise model, we analyze a particular case of L-vector reversal of AFM nanoparticles by voltage controlled perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) with a tailored pulse width. This work was supported, in part, by SRC/NRI SWAN.

  20. Giant perpendicular exchange bias with antiferromagnetic MnN

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zilske, P.; Graulich, D.; Dunz, M.; Meinert, M.

    2017-05-01

    We investigated an out-of-plane exchange bias system that is based on the antiferromagnet MnN. Polycrystalline, highly textured film stacks of Ta/MnN/CoFeB/MgO/Ta were grown on SiOx by (reactive) magnetron sputtering and studied by x-ray diffraction and Kerr magnetometry. Nontrivial modifications of the exchange bias and the perpendicular magnetic anisotropy were observed as functions of both film thicknesses and field cooling temperatures. In optimized film stacks, a giant perpendicular exchange bias of 3600 Oe and a coercive field of 350 Oe were observed at room temperature. The effective interfacial exchange energy is estimated to be Jeff = 0.24 mJ/m2 and the effective uniaxial anisotropy constant of the antiferromagnet is Keff = 24 kJ/m3. The maximum effective perpendicular anisotropy field of the CoFeB layer is Hani = 3400 Oe. These values are larger than any previously reported values. These results possibly open a route to magnetically stable, exchange biased perpendicularly magnetized spin valves.

  1. Electrical control of antiferromagnetic metal up to 15 nm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, PengXiang; Yin, GuFan; Wang, YuYan; Cui, Bin; Pan, Feng; Song, Cheng

    2016-08-01

    Manipulation of antiferromagnetic (AFM) spins by electrical means is on great demand to develop the AFM spintronics with low power consumption. Here we report a reversible electrical control of antiferromagnetic moments of FeMn up to 15 nm, using an ionic liquid to exert a substantial electric-field effect. The manipulation is demonstrated by the modulation of exchange spring in [Co/Pt]/FeMn system, where AFM moments in FeMn pin the magnetization rotation of Co/Pt. By carrier injection or extraction, the magnetic anisotropy of the top layer in FeMn is modulated to influence the whole exchange spring and then passes its influence to the [Co/Pt]/FeMn interface, through a distance up to the length of exchange spring that fully screens electric field. Comparing FeMn to IrMn, despite the opposite dependence of exchange bias on gate voltages, the same correlation between carrier density and exchange spring stiffness is demonstrated. Besides the fundamental significance of modulating the spin structures in metallic AFM via all-electrical fashion, the present finding would advance the development of low-power-consumption AFM spintronics.

  2. Currentless reversal of Néel vector in antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Semenov, Yuriy; Li, Xilai; Kim, Ki Wook

    The bias driven perpendicular magnetic anisotropy is a magneto-electric effect that can realize 900 magnetization rotation and even 1800 flip along the easy axis in the ferromagnets with a minimal energy consumption. This study theoretically demonstrates a similar phenomenon of the Néel vector reversal via a short electrical pulse that can mediate perpendicular magnetic anisotropy in the antiferromagnets. The analysis based on the dynamical equations as well as the micromagnetic simulations reveals the important role of the inertial behavior in the antiferromagnets that facilitates the Néel vector to overcome the barrier between two free-energy minima of the bistable states along the easy axis. In contrast to the ferromagnets, this Néel vector reversal does not accompany angular moment transfer to the environment, leading to acceleration in the dynamical response by a few orders of magnitude. Further, a small switching energy requirement of a few attojoules illustrates an added advantage of the phenomenon in low-power spintronic applications.

  3. Fractional excitations in the square-lattice quantum antiferromagnet

    DOE PAGES

    Dalla Piazza, Bastien; Mourigal, M.; Christensen, N. B.; ...

    2014-12-15

    Quantum magnets have occupied the fertile ground between many-body theory and low-temperature experiments on real materials since the early days of quantum mechanics. However, our understanding of even deceptively simple systems of interacting spins-1/2 is far from complete. The quantum square-lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet (QSLHAF), for example, exhibits a striking anomaly of hitherto unknown origin in its magnetic excitation spectrum. This quantum effect manifests itself for excitations propagating with the specific wave vector (π, 0). Here, we use polarized neutron spectroscopy to fully characterize the magnetic fluctuations in the metal-organic compound CFTD, a known realization of the QSLHAF model. Our experimentsmore » reveal an isotropic excitation continuum at the anomaly, which we analyse theoretically using Gutzwiller-projected trial wavefunctions. The excitation continuum is accounted for by the existence of spatially-extended pairs of fractional S=1/2 quasiparticles, 2D analogues of 1D spinons. Away from the anomalous wave vector, these fractional excitations are bound and form conventional magnons. Lastly, our results establish the existence of fractional quasiparticles in the high-energy spectrum of a quasi-two-dimensional antiferromagnet, even in the absence of frustration.« less

  4. Antiferromagnetic exchange bias of a ferromagnetic semiconductor by a ferromagnetic metal

    SciTech Connect

    Olejnik, K.; Wadley, P.; Haigh, J.

    2009-11-05

    We demonstrate an exchange bias in (Ga,Mn)As induced by antiferromagnetic coupling to a thin overlayer of Fe. Bias fields of up to 240 Oe are observed. Using element-specific x-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurements, we distinguish an interface layer that is strongly pinned antiferromagnetically to the Fe. The interface layer remains polarized at room temperature.

  5. Antiferromagnetic exchange and magnetoresistance enhancement in ultrathin Co-Re sandwiches

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Freitas, P. P.; Melo, L. V.; Trindade, I.; From, M.

    1992-10-01

    Co-Re ultrathin sandwiches were prepared that show antiferromagnetic coupling and enhanced saturation magnetoresistance for Re spacer thicknesses below 9 Å. A field of 2.5 kOe is needed to saturate the antiferromagnetically coupled Co layers. These results are similar to those found in Co-Re superlattices.

  6. Quasistatic antiferromagnetism in the quantum wells of SmTiO3/SrTiO3 heterostructures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Need, Ryan F.; Marshall, Patrick B.; Kenney, Eric; Suter, Andreas; Prokscha, Thomas; Salman, Zaher; Kirby, Brian J.; Stemmer, Susanne; Graf, Michael J.; Wilson, Stephen D.

    2018-03-01

    High carrier density quantum wells embedded within a Mott insulating matrix present a rich arena for exploring unconventional electronic phase behavior ranging from non-Fermi-liquid transport and signatures of quantum criticality to pseudogap formation. Probing the proposed connection between unconventional magnetotransport and incipient electronic order within these quantum wells has however remained an enduring challenge due to the ultra-thin layer thicknesses required. Here we address this challenge by exploring the magnetic properties of high-density SrTiO3 quantum wells embedded within the antiferromagnetic Mott insulator SmTiO3 via muon spin relaxation and polarized neutron reflectometry measurements. The one electron per planar unit cell acquired by the nominal d0 band insulator SrTiO3 when embedded within a d1 Mott SmTiO3 matrix exhibits slow magnetic fluctuations that begin to freeze into a quasistatic spin state below a critical temperature T*. The appearance of this quasistatic well magnetism coincides with the previously reported opening of a pseudogap in the tunneling spectra of high carrier density wells inside this film architecture. Our data suggest a common origin of the pseudogap phase behavior in this quantum critical oxide heterostructure with those observed in bulk Mott materials close to an antiferromagnetic instability.

  7. Spin transfer torque in antiferromagnetic spin valves: From clean to disordered regimes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saidaoui, Hamed Ben Mohamed; Manchon, Aurelien; Waintal, Xavier

    2014-05-01

    Current-driven spin torques in metallic spin valves composed of antiferromagnets are theoretically studied using the nonequilibrium Green's function method implemented on a tight-binding model. We focus our attention on G-type and L-type antiferromagnets in both clean and disordered regimes. In such structures, spin torques can either rotate the magnetic order parameter coherently (coherent torque) or compete with the internal antiferromagnetic exchange (exchange torque). We show that, depending on the symmetry of the spin valve, the coherent and exchange torques can either be in the plane, ∝n×(q×n) or out of the plane ∝n×q, where q and n are the directions of the order parameter of the polarizer and the free antiferromagnetic layers, respectively. Although disorder conserves the symmetry of the torques, it strongly reduces the torque magnitude, pointing out the need for momentum conservation to ensure strong spin torque in antiferromagnetic spin valves.

  8. Antiferromagnetic CuMnAs multi-level memory cell with microelectronic compatibility

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Olejník, K.; Schuler, V.; Marti, X.; Novák, V.; Kašpar, Z.; Wadley, P.; Campion, R. P.; Edmonds, K. W.; Gallagher, B. L.; Garces, J.; Baumgartner, M.; Gambardella, P.; Jungwirth, T.

    2017-05-01

    Antiferromagnets offer a unique combination of properties including the radiation and magnetic field hardness, the absence of stray magnetic fields, and the spin-dynamics frequency scale in terahertz. Recent experiments have demonstrated that relativistic spin-orbit torques can provide the means for an efficient electric control of antiferromagnetic moments. Here we show that elementary-shape memory cells fabricated from a single-layer antiferromagnet CuMnAs deposited on a III-V or Si substrate have deterministic multi-level switching characteristics. They allow for counting and recording thousands of input pulses and responding to pulses of lengths downscaled to hundreds of picoseconds. To demonstrate the compatibility with common microelectronic circuitry, we implemented the antiferromagnetic bit cell in a standard printed circuit board managed and powered at ambient conditions by a computer via a USB interface. Our results open a path towards specialized embedded memory-logic applications and ultra-fast components based on antiferromagnets.

  9. NMR studies of the incommensurate helical antiferromagnet EuCo 2 P 2 : Determination of antiferromagnetic propagation vector

    SciTech Connect

    Higa, Nonoka; Ding, Qing -Ping; Yogi, Mamoru

    Recently, Q.-P. Ding et al. reported that their nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) study on EuCo 2As 2 successfully characterized the antiferromagnetic (AFM) propagation vector of the incommensurate helix AFM state, showing that NMR is a unique tool for determination of the spin structures in incommensurate helical AFMs. Motivated by this work, we have carried out 153Eu, 31P, and 59Co NMR measurements on the helical antiferromagnet EuCo 2P 2 with an AFM ordering temperature T N = 66.5 K. An incommensurate helical AFM structure was clearly confirmed by 153Eu and 31P NMR spectra on single-crystalline EuCo 2P 2 in zero magneticmore » field at 1.6 K and its external magnetic field dependence. Furthermore, based on 59Co NMR data in both the paramagnetic and incommensurate AFM states, we have determined the model-independent value of the AFM propagation vector k = (0,0,0.73±0.09)2π/c, where c is the c-axis lattice parameter. As a result, the temperature dependence of k is also discussed.« less

  10. NMR studies of the incommensurate helical antiferromagnet EuCo 2 P 2 : Determination of antiferromagnetic propagation vector

    DOE PAGES

    Higa, Nonoka; Ding, Qing -Ping; Yogi, Mamoru; ...

    2017-07-06

    Recently, Q.-P. Ding et al. reported that their nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) study on EuCo 2As 2 successfully characterized the antiferromagnetic (AFM) propagation vector of the incommensurate helix AFM state, showing that NMR is a unique tool for determination of the spin structures in incommensurate helical AFMs. Motivated by this work, we have carried out 153Eu, 31P, and 59Co NMR measurements on the helical antiferromagnet EuCo 2P 2 with an AFM ordering temperature T N = 66.5 K. An incommensurate helical AFM structure was clearly confirmed by 153Eu and 31P NMR spectra on single-crystalline EuCo 2P 2 in zero magneticmore » field at 1.6 K and its external magnetic field dependence. Furthermore, based on 59Co NMR data in both the paramagnetic and incommensurate AFM states, we have determined the model-independent value of the AFM propagation vector k = (0,0,0.73±0.09)2π/c, where c is the c-axis lattice parameter. As a result, the temperature dependence of k is also discussed.« less

  11. Antiferromagnetism, confinement and spin response in the QED(3) effective theory of high-temperature superconductivity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Seradjeh, Babak Hosseyni

    In this thesis, we study the effective theory of a phase-fluctuating d-wave superconductor at zero temperature, formulated by quantum electrodynamics in three space-time dimensions (QED3). This theory describes the quantum critical behaviour in underdoped high-temperature superconductors in terms of an emergent gauge field. The gauge field couples minimally to nodal spin degrees of freedom (spinons) at low energies. It is massive in the superconductor but exhibits Maxwell dynamics when superconductivity is destroyed by strong phase fluctuations of the Cooper pairs. We show that, when dynamical chiral symmetry breaking in QED3 is supplemented by residual interactions, namely, the velocity anisotropy around the nodes, short-range repulsion between electrons, and nonlinear effects of dispersion (all irrelevant for the critical behaviour itself), the loss of superconductivity gives rise to an antiferromagnetic state, in accord with observation. Then, we turn to the problem of confinement of spinons outside the superconducting phase. We assume that the gauge group is a compact U(1) and, thus, allows for monopole configurations. In the absence of fermions, the interaction between monopoles is Coulombic, monopoles form a free plasma, and static fermionic charge is confined for all values of the gauge coupling by a linear potential mediated by free monopoles. We show that this permanent confinement survives in the presence of dynamical fermionic matter. This work comprises three separate studies. We first support our claim, for relativistic fermions, by an electrostatic study of the monopole gas. This is backed up by a controlled renormalization group analysis on the equivalent sine-Gordon theory. In the second study, we extend these findings to the non-relativistic case, with a spinon Fermi surface. In the last study, we provide a variational approach to the problem, in agreement with our other works. Finally, we focus our attention on the more practical application of

  12. Theory of the interplay between the superconductivity and the blocked antiferromagnetic order in A(y)Fe(2-x)Se2.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Hong-Min

    2012-09-26

    Based on an effective two-orbital tight-binding model, we examine the possible superconducting states in iron-vacancy-ordered A(y)Fe(2-x)Se(2). In the presence of ordered vacancies and blocked antiferromagnetic order, it is shown that the emergent SC pairing is the nodeless next-nearest-neighbor (NNN)-pairing due to the dominant antiferromagnetic (AFM) interaction between the inter-block NNN sites. In particular, we show that due to the ordered vacancies and the associated blocked AFM order, the interplay between the superconducting and AFM states results in three distinct states in the phase diagram as doping is varied. The divergent experimental observations can be accounted for by considering the different charge carrier concentrations in their respective compounds.

  13. Charge dynamics of the antiferromagnetically ordered Mott insulator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Han, Xing-Jie; Liu, Yu; Liu, Zhi-Yuan; Li, Xin; Chen, Jing; Liao, Hai-Jun; Xie, Zhi-Yuan; Normand, B.; Xiang, Tao

    2016-10-01

    We introduce a slave-fermion formulation in which to study the charge dynamics of the half-filled Hubbard model on the square lattice. In this description, the charge degrees of freedom are represented by fermionic holons and doublons and the Mott-insulating characteristics of the ground state are the consequence of holon-doublon bound-state formation. The bosonic spin degrees of freedom are described by the antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model, yielding long-ranged (Néel) magnetic order at zero temperature. Within this framework and in the self-consistent Born approximation, we perform systematic calculations of the average double occupancy, the electronic density of states, the spectral function and the optical conductivity. Qualitatively, our method reproduces the lower and upper Hubbard bands, the spectral-weight transfer into a coherent quasiparticle band at their lower edges and the renormalisation of the Mott gap, which is associated with holon-doublon binding, due to the interactions of both quasiparticle species with the magnons. The zeros of the Green function at the chemical potential give the Luttinger volume, the poles of the self-energy reflect the underlying quasiparticle dispersion with a spin-renormalised hopping parameter and the optical gap is directly related to the Mott gap. Quantitatively, the square-lattice Hubbard model is one of the best-characterised problems in correlated condensed matter and many numerical calculations, all with different strengths and weaknesses, exist with which to benchmark our approach. From the semi-quantitative accuracy of our results for all but the weakest interaction strengths, we conclude that a self-consistent treatment of the spin-fluctuation effects on the charge degrees of freedom captures all the essential physics of the antiferromagnetic Mott-Hubbard insulator. We remark in addition that an analytical approximation with these properties serves a vital function in developing a full understanding of the

  14. Macrospin dynamics in antiferromagnets triggered by sub-20 femtosecond injection of nanomagnons.

    PubMed

    Bossini, D; Dal Conte, S; Hashimoto, Y; Secchi, A; Pisarev, R V; Rasing, Th; Cerullo, G; Kimel, A V

    2016-02-05

    The understanding of how the sub-nanoscale exchange interaction evolves in macroscale correlations and ordered phases of matter, such as magnetism and superconductivity, requires to bridging the quantum and classical worlds. This monumental challenge has so far only been achieved for systems close to their thermodynamical equilibrium. Here we follow in real time the ultrafast dynamics of the macroscale magnetic order parameter in the Heisenberg antiferromagnet KNiF3 triggered by the impulsive optical generation of spin excitations with the shortest possible nanometre wavelength and femtosecond period. Our magneto-optical pump-probe experiments also demonstrate the coherent manipulation of the phase and amplitude of these femtosecond nanomagnons, whose frequencies are defined by the exchange energy. These findings open up opportunities for fundamental research on the role of short-wavelength spin excitations in magnetism and strongly correlated materials; they also suggest that nanospintronics and nanomagnonics can employ coherently controllable spin waves with frequencies in the 20 THz domain.

  15. Signatures of filamentary superconductivity in antiferromagnetic BaFe 2As 2 single crystals

    DOE PAGES

    Moseley, D. A.; Yates, K. A.; Branford, W. R.; ...

    2015-08-24

    In this paper, we present ac susceptibility and magnetotransport measurements on aged single crystals of the ferropnictide parent compound, BaFe 2As 2 with a paramagnetic-to-antiferromagnetic transition temperature of 134 K. The ac susceptibility shows the clear onset of a partial diamagnetic response with an onset temperature, commensurate with a subtle downturn in resistivity at approximately 20 K. Below 20 K the magnetotransport shows in-plane anisotropy, magnetic-field history dependence and a hysteretic signature. Above 20 K the crystals show the widely reported high-field linear magnetoresistance. An enhanced noise signature in ac susceptibility is observed above 20 K, which varies in character with amplitude and frequency of the ac signal. The hysteresis in magnetoresistance and the observed sensitivity of the superconducting phase to the amplitude of the ac signal are indicative characteristics of granular or weakly linked filamentary superconductivity. Furthermore, these features taken together with the observed noise signature abovemore » $$T_{\\mathrm{c}}$$ suggests a link between the formation of the superconducting filamentary phase and the freezing of antiphase domain walls, known to exist in these materials.« less

  16. Hidden and antiferromagnetic order as a rank-5 superspin in URu2Si2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rau, Jeffrey G.; Kee, Hae-Young

    2012-06-01

    We propose a candidate for the hidden order in URu2Si2: a rank-5 E type spin-density wave between uranium 5f crystal-field doublets Γ7(1) and Γ7(2), breaking time-reversal and lattice tetragonal symmetry in a manner consistent with recent torque measurements [Okazaki , ScienceSCIEAS0036-807510.1126/science.1197358 331, 439 (2011)]. We argue that coupling of this order parameter to magnetic probes can be hidden by crystal-field effects, while still having significant effects on transport, thermodynamics, and magnetic susceptibilities. In a simple tight-binding model for the heavy quasiparticles, we show the connection between the hidden order and antiferromagnetic phases arises since they form different components of this single rank-5 pseudospin vector. Using a phenomenological theory, we show that the experimental pressure-temperature phase diagram can be qualitatively reproduced by tuning terms which break pseudospin rotational symmetry. As a test of our proposal, we predict the presence of small magnetic moments in the basal plane oriented in the [110] direction ordered at the wave vector (0,0,1).

  17. CaMn 2Sb 2: Spin waves on a frustrated antiferromagnetic honeycomb lattice

    DOE PAGES

    McNally, D. E.; Simonson, J. W.; Kistner-Morris, J. J.; ...

    2015-05-22

    Here we presenmore » t inelastic neutron scattering measurements of the antiferromagnetic insulator CaMn 2 Sb 2 , which consists of corrugated honeycomb layers of Mn. The dispersion of magnetic excitations has been measured along the H and L directions in reciprocal space, with a maximum excitation energy of ≈ 24 meV. These excitations are well described by spin waves in a Heisenberg model, including first-and second-neighbor exchange interactions J 1 and J 2 in the Mn plane and also an exchange interaction between planes. The determined ratio J 2/J 1 ≈ 1/6 suggests that CaMn 2 Sb 2 is an example of a compound that lies very close to the mean field tricritical point, known for the classical Heisenberg model on the honeycomb lattice, where the Néel phase and two different spiral phases coexist. Lastly, the magnitude of the determined exchange interactions reveals a mean field ordering temperature ≈ 4 times larger than the reported Néel temperature T N = 85 K, suggesting significant frustration arising from proximity to the tricritical point.« less

  18. Half-magnetization plateau in a Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a triangular lattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ye, Mengxing; Chubukov, Andrey V.

    2017-10-01

    We present the phase diagram of a 2D isotropic triangular Heisenberg antiferromagnet in a magnetic field. We consider spin-S model with nearest-neighbor (J1) and next-nearest-neighbor (J2) interactions. We focus on the range of 1 /8 phase diagram is rich due to competition between competing quantum states which break either orientational or sublattice symmetry. At small and high fields, the ground state is a canted stripe state, which breaks orientational symmetry, but at intermediate fields the ordered states break sublattice symmetry. The most noticeable of such states is "three up, one down" state in which spins in three sublattices are directed along the field and in one sublattice opposite to the field. In such a state, magnetization is quantized at exactly one half of the saturation value. We identify gapless states, which border the "three up, one down" state and discuss the transitions between these states and the canted stripe state.

  19. Quantum entanglement and criticality of the antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model in an external field.

    PubMed

    Liu, Guang-Hua; Li, Ruo-Yan; Tian, Guang-Shan

    2012-06-27

    By Lanczos exact diagonalization and the infinite time-evolving block decimation (iTEBD) technique, the two-site entanglement as well as the bipartite entanglement, the ground state energy, the nearest-neighbor correlations, and the magnetization in the antiferromagnetic Heisenberg (AFH) model under an external field are investigated. With increasing external field, the small size system shows some distinct upward magnetization stairsteps, accompanied synchronously with some downward two-site entanglement stairsteps. In the thermodynamic limit, the two-site entanglement, as well as the bipartite entanglement, the ground state energy, the nearest-neighbor correlations, and the magnetization are calculated, and the critical magnetic field h(c) = 2.0 is determined exactly. Our numerical results show that the quantum entanglement is sensitive to the subtle changing of the ground state, and can be used to describe the magnetization and quantum phase transition. Based on the discontinuous behavior of the first-order derivative of the entanglement entropy and fidelity per site, we think that the quantum phase transition in this model should belong to the second-order category. Furthermore, in the magnon existence region (h < 2.0), a logarithmically divergent behavior of block entanglement which can be described by a free bosonic field theory is observed, and the central charge c is determined to be 1.

  20. Spin-Driven Emergent Antiferromagnetism and Metal-Insulator Transition in Nanoscale p-Si

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lou, Paul C.; Kumar, Sandeep

    2018-04-01

    The entanglement of the charge, spin and orbital degrees of freedom can give rise to emergent behavior especially in thin films, surfaces and interfaces. Often, materials that exhibit those properties require large spin orbit coupling. We hypothesize that the emergent behavior can also occur due to spin, electron and phonon interactions in widely studied simple materials such as Si. That is, large intrinsic spin-orbit coupling is not an essential requirement for emergent behavior. The central hypothesis is that when one of the specimen dimensions is of the same order (or smaller) as the spin diffusion length, then non-equilibrium spin accumulation due to spin injection or spin-Hall effect (SHE) will lead to emergent phase transformations in the non-ferromagnetic semiconductors. In this experimental work, we report spin mediated emergent antiferromagnetism and metal insulator transition in a Pd (1 nm)/Ni81Fe19 (25 nm)/MgO (1 nm)/p-Si (~400 nm) thin film specimen. The spin-Hall effect in p-Si, observed through Rashba spin-orbit coupling mediated spin-Hall magnetoresistance behavior, is proposed to cause the spin accumulation and resulting emergent behavior. The phase transition is discovered from the diverging behavior in longitudinal third harmonic voltage, which is related to the thermal conductivity and heat capacity.

  1. Solitary Magnons in the S=5/2 Antiferromagnet CaFe_{2}O_{4}.

    PubMed

    Stock, C; Rodriguez, E E; Lee, N; Green, M A; Demmel, F; Ewings, R A; Fouquet, P; Laver, M; Niedermayer, Ch; Su, Y; Nemkovski, K; Rodriguez-Rivera, J A; Cheong, S-W

    2016-07-01

    CaFe_{2}O_{4} is a S=5/2 anisotropic antiferromagnet based upon zig-zag chains having two competing magnetic structures, denoted as the A (↑↑↓↓) and B (↑↓↑↓) phases, which differ by the c-axis stacking of ferromagnetic stripes. We apply neutron scattering to demonstrate that the competing A and B phase order parameters result in magnetic antiphase boundaries along c which freeze on the time scale of ∼1  ns at the onset of magnetic order at 200 K. Using high resolution neutron spectroscopy, we find quantized spin wave levels and measure 9 such excitations localized in regions ∼1-2 c-axis lattice constants in size. We discuss these in the context of solitary magnons predicted to exist in anisotropic systems. The magnetic anisotropy affords both competing A+B orders as well as localization of spin excitations in a classical magnet.

  2. Large magnetovolume effect induced by ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic competition in a cobaltite perovskite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miao, Ping; Lin, Xiaohuan; Koda, Akihiro; Lee, Sanghyun; Ishikawa, Yoshihisa; Torii, Shuki; Yonemura, Masao; Mochiku, Takashi; Sagayama, Hajime; Itoh, Shinichi; Wang, Yinxia; Kadono, Ryosuke; Kamiyama, Takashi

    Materials that show negative thermal expansion (NTE) have significant industrial merit because they can be used to fabricate composites whose dimensions remain invariant upon heating. In some materials, NTE is concomitant with the spontaneous magnetization, known as the magnetovolume effect (MVE). Here we report a new class of MVE material; namely, a layered perovskite PrBaCo2O5.5+ x (0 <= x <= 0.41),in which strong NTE (β -3.3 × 10-5 K-1 at x = 0.24) is triggered by embedding ferromagnetic (F) clusters into the antiferromagnetic (AF) matrix. The strongest MVE is found near the boundary between F and AF phases in the phase diagram, indicating the essential role of competing interaction between the F-clusters and the AF-matrix. Furthermore, the MVE is not limited to the PrBaCo2O5.5+ x but is also observed in the NdBaCo2O5.5+ x . The present study provides a new approach to obtaining MVE and offers a path to the design of NTE materials. The study was financed by the S-type project (No. 2014S05) of KEK.

  3. Iridates and RuCl3 - from Heisenberg antiferromagnets to potential Kitaev spin-liquids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van den Brink, Jeroen

    The observed richness of topological states on the single-electron level prompts the question what kind of topological phases can develop in more strongly correlated, many-body electron systems. Correlation effects, in particular intra- and inter-orbital electron-electron interactions, are very substantial in 3 d transition-metal compounds such as the copper oxides, but the spin-orbit coupling (SOC) is weak. In 5 d transition-metal compounds such as iridates, the interesting situation arises that the SOC and Coulomb interactions meet on the same energy scale. The electronic structure of iridates thus depends on a strong competition between the electronic hopping amplitudes, local energy-level splittings, electron-electron interaction strengths, and the SOC of the Ir 5d electrons. The interplay of these ingredients offers the potential to stabilise relatively well-understood states such as a 2D Heisenberg-like antiferromagnet in Sr2IrO4, but in principle also far more exotic ones, such a topological Kitaev quantum spin liquid, in (hyper)honeycomb iridates. I will discuss the microscopic electronic structures of these iridates, their proximity to idealized Heisenberg and Kitaev models and our contributions to establishing the physical factors that appear to have preempted the realization of quantum spin liquid phases so far and include a discussion on the 4d transition metal chloride RuCl3. Supported by SFB 1143 of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft.

  4. Large Magnetovolume Effect Induced by Embedding Ferromagnetic Clusters into Antiferromagnetic Matrix of Cobaltite Perovskite.

    PubMed

    Miao, Ping; Lin, Xiaohuan; Koda, Akihiro; Lee, Sanghyun; Ishikawa, Yoshihisa; Torii, Shuki; Yonemura, Masao; Mochiku, Takashi; Sagayama, Hajime; Itoh, Shinichi; Ikeda, Kazutaka; Otomo, Toshiya; Wang, Yinxia; Kadono, Ryosuke; Kamiyama, Takashi

    2017-07-01

    Materials that show negative thermal expansion (NTE) have significant industrial merit because they can be used to fabricate composites whose dimensions remain invariant upon heating. In some materials, NTE is concomitant with the spontaneous magnetization due to the magnetovolume effect (MVE). Here the authors report a new class of MVE material; namely, a layered perovskite PrBaCo 2 O 5.5+ x (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.41), in which strong NTE [β ≈ -3.6 × 10 -5 K -1 (90-110 K) at x = 0.24] is triggered by embedding ferromagnetic (F) clusters into the antiferromagnetic (AF) matrix. The strongest MVE is found near the boundary between F and AF phases in the phase diagram, indicating the essential role of competition between the F-clusters and the AF-matrix. Furthermore, the MVE is not limited to the PrBaCo 2 O 5.5+ x but is also observed in the NdBaCo 2 O 5.5+ x . The present study provides a new approach to obtaining MVE and offers a path to the design of NTE materials. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  5. Dissipative preparation of antiferromagnetic order in the Fermi-Hubbard model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaczmarczyk, J.; Weimer, H.; Lemeshko, M.

    2016-09-01

    The Fermi-Hubbard model is one of the key models of condensed matter physics, which holds a potential for explaining the mystery of high-temperature superconductivity. Recent progress in ultracold atoms in optical lattices has paved the way to studying the model’s phase diagram using the tools of quantum simulation, which emerged as a promising alternative to the numerical calculations plagued by the infamous sign problem. However, the temperatures achieved using elaborate laser cooling protocols so far have been too high to show the appearance of antiferromagnetic (AF) and superconducting quantum phases directly. In this work, we demonstrate that using the machinery of dissipative quantum state engineering, one can observe the emergence of the AF order in the Fermi-Hubbard model with fermions in optical lattices. The core of the approach is to add incoherent laser scattering in such a way that the AF state emerges as the dark state of the driven-dissipative dynamics. The proposed controlled dissipation channels described in this work are straightforward to add to already existing experimental setups.

  6. Radiation enhanced antiferromagnetic exchange between spins in a superconducting host

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Akkaravarawong, Kamphol; Vayrynen, Jukka; Sau, Jay; Glazman, Leonid; Yao, Norman

    2017-04-01

    A magnetic impurity on a conventional superconductor can host a localized bound state whose energy lies inside the superconducting gap. If the distance between two such impurities is smaller than the coherence length, the presence of these so-called Yu-Shiba-Rusinov (YSR) bound states can induce an antiferromagnetic exchange interaction between the impurities, falling off as 1 /r2 . Although the YSR interaction exhibits a slower decay than conventional RKKY interactions, its strength is significantly weaker, making it extremely challenging to experimentally observe. We demonstrate that the strength of the YSR interaction can be enhanced via radiation assisted virtual occupation, and that the signature of this coupling can naturally be observed through spectroscopy.

  7. Impurities near an antiferromagnetic-singlet quantum critical point

    DOE PAGES

    Mendes-Santos, T.; Costa, N. C.; Batrouni, G.; ...

    2017-02-15

    Heavy-fermion systems and other strongly correlated electron materials often exhibit a competition between antiferromagnetic (AF) and singlet ground states. We examine the effect of impurities in the vicinity of such an AF-singlet quantum critical point (QCP), through an appropriately defined “impurity susceptibility” χimp, using exact quantum Monte Carlo simulations. Our key finding is a connection within a single calculational framework between AF domains induced on the singlet side of the transition and the behavior of the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) relaxation rate 1/T1. Furthermore, we show that local NMR measurements provide a diagnostic for the location of the QCP, whichmore » agrees remarkably well with the vanishing of the AF order parameter and large values of χimp.« less

  8. Experimental determination of exchange constants in antiferromagnetic Mn2Au

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sapozhnik, A. A.; Luo, C.; Ryll, H.; Radu, F.; Jourdan, M.; Zabel, H.; Elmers, Hans-Joachim

    2018-05-01

    Mn2Au is an important antiferromagnetic (AF) material for spintronics applications. Due to its very high Néel temperature of about 1500 K, some of the basic properties are difficult to explore, such as the AF susceptibility and the exchange constants. Experimental determination of these parameters is further hampered in thin films by the unavoidable presence of uncompensated and quasiloose spins on antisites and at interfaces. Using x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), we measured induced perpendicular spin and orbital moments for a Mn2Au (001) film in fields up to ±8 T. By performing these measurements at a low temperature of 7 K and at room temperature (RT), we were able to separate the loose spin contribution from the susceptibility of AF coupled spins. The value of the AF exchange constant obtained with this method for a 10-nm-thick Mn2Au (001) film is (22 ±5 )meV .

  9. Control and manipulation of antiferromagnetic skyrmions in racetrack

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xia, Haiyan; Jin, Chendong; Song, Chengkun; Wang, Jinshuai; Wang, Jianbo; Liu, Qingfang

    2017-12-01

    Controllable manipulations of magnetic skyrmions are essential for next-generation spintronic devices. Here, the duplication and merging of skyrmions, as well as logical AND and OR functions, are designed in antiferromagnetic (AFM) materials with a cusp or smooth Y-junction structures. The operational time are in the dozens of picoseconds, enabling ultrafast information processing. A key factor for the successful operation is the relatively complex Y-junction structures, where domain walls propagate through in a controlled manner, without significant risks of pinning, vanishing or unwanted depinning of existing domain walls, as well as the nucleation of new domain walls. The motions of a multi-bit, namely the motion of an AFM skyrmion-chain in racetrack, are also investigated. Those micromagnetic simulations may contribute to future AFM skyrmion-based spintronic devices, such as nanotrack memory, logic gates and other information processes.

  10. Equivalence of the O( n) vector ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sousa, J. Ricardo de

    The effective-field renormalization group (EFRG) approach is used to find the Néel temperature ( TN) of the O( n) vector model with antiferromagnetic (AF) interaction. The EFRG method is illustrated by employing approximations in which clusters with one ( N‧=1) and two ( N=2) spins are used. The critical temperature TN is obtained as a function of component ( n) and coordination ( z) numbers. For all values of n and z we show that TN= Tc, where Tc is the Curie temperature for the ferromagnetic (F) case. As a comparison, the results of the quantum Heisenberg model ( n=3) with F and AF interactions are also presented, and we find that TN> Tc, which is different from the classical result Tc= TN.

  11. Antiferromagnetic nano-oscillator in external magnetic fields

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Checiński, Jakub; Frankowski, Marek; Stobiecki, Tomasz

    2017-11-01

    We describe the dynamics of an antiferromagnetic nano-oscillator in an external magnetic field of any given time distribution. The oscillator is powered by a spin current originating from spin-orbit effects in a neighboring heavy metal layer and is capable of emitting a THz signal in the presence of an additional easy-plane anisotropy. We derive an analytical formula describing the interaction between such a system and an external field, which can affect the output signal character. Interactions with magnetic pulses of different shapes, with a sinusoidal magnetic field and with a sequence of rapidly changing magnetic fields are discussed. We also perform numerical simulations based on the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation with spin-transfer torque effects to verify the obtained results and find a very good quantitative agreement between analytical and numerical predictions.

  12. Antiferromagnetic order in the Hubbard model on the Penrose lattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koga, Akihisa; Tsunetsugu, Hirokazu

    2017-12-01

    We study an antiferromagnetic order in the ground state of the half-filled Hubbard model on the Penrose lattice and investigate the effects of quasiperiodic lattice structure. In the limit of infinitesimal Coulomb repulsion U →+0 , the staggered magnetizations persist to be finite, and their values are determined by confined states, which are strictly localized with thermodynamics degeneracy. The magnetizations exhibit an exotic spatial pattern, and have the same sign in each of cluster regions, the size of which ranges from 31 sites to infinity. With increasing U , they continuously evolve to those of the corresponding spin model in the U =∞ limit. In both limits of U , local magnetizations exhibit a fairly intricate spatial pattern that reflects the quasiperiodic structure, but the pattern differs between the two limits. We have analyzed this pattern change by a mode analysis by the singular value decomposition method for the fractal-like magnetization pattern projected into the perpendicular space.

  13. Uranium nitride: a cubic antiferromagnet with anisotropic critical behavior

    SciTech Connect

    Buyers, W J.L.; Holden, T M; Svensson, E C

    1977-11-01

    Highly anisotropic critical scattering associated with the transition at T/sub N/ = 49.5 K to the type-I antiferromagnetic structure has been observed in uranium nitride. The transverse susceptibility is found to be unobservably small. The longitudinal susceptibility diverges at T/sub N/ and its anisotropy shows that the spins within the (001) ferromagnetic sheets of the (001) domain are much more highly correlated than they are with the spins lying in adjacent (001) sheets. The correlation range within the sheets is much greater than that expected for a Heisenberg system with the same T/sub N/. The rod-like scattering extended along themore » spin and domain direction is reminiscent of two-dimensional behavior. The results are inconsistent with a simple localized model and may reflect the itinerant nature of the 5f electrons.« less

  14. Producing coherent excitations in pumped Mott antiferromagnetic insulators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Yao; Claassen, Martin; Moritz, B.; Devereaux, T. P.

    2017-12-01

    Nonequilibrium dynamics in correlated materials has attracted attention due to the possibility of characterizing, tuning, and creating complex ordered states. To understand the photoinduced microscopic dynamics, especially the linkage under realistic pump conditions between transient states and remnant elementary excitations, we performed nonperturbative simulations of various time-resolved spectroscopies. We used the Mott antiferromagnetic insulator as a model platform. The transient dynamics of multiparticle excitations can be attributed to the interplay between Floquet virtual states and a modification of the density of states, in which interactions induce a spectral weight transfer. Using an autocorrelation of the time-dependent spectral function, we show that resonance of the virtual states with the upper Hubbard band in the Mott insulator provides the route towards manipulating the electronic distribution and modifying charge and spin excitations. Our results link transient dynamics to the nature of many-body excitations and provide an opportunity to design nonequilibrium states of matter via tuned laser pulses.

  15. NMR relaxation rate in quasi one-dimensional antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Capponi, Sylvain; Dupont, Maxime; Laflorencie, Nicolas; Sengupta, Pinaki; Shao, Hui; Sandvik, Anders W.

    We compare results of different numerical approaches to compute the NMR relaxation rate 1 /T1 in quasi one-dimensional (1d) antiferromagnets. In the purely 1d regime, recent numerical simulations using DMRG have provided the full crossover behavior from classical regime at high temperature to universal Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid at low-energy (in the gapless case) or activated behavior (in the gapped case). For quasi 1d models, we can use mean-field approaches to reduce the problem to a 1d one that can be studied using DMRG. But in some cases, we can also simulate the full microscopic model using quantum Monte-Carlo techniques. This allows to compute dynamical correlations in imaginary time and we will discuss recent advances to perform stochastic analytic continuation to get real frequency spectra. Finally, we connect our results to experiments on various quasi 1d materials.

  16. Magnetization reversal in ferromagnetic wires patterned with antiferromagnetic gratings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sani, S. R.; Liu, F.; Ross, C. A.

    2017-04-01

    The magnetic reversal behavior is examined for exchange-biased ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic nanostructures consisting of an array of 10 nm thick Ni80Fe20 stripes with width 200 nm and periodicity 400 nm, underneath an orthogonal array of 10 nm thick IrMn stripes with width ranging from 200 nm to 500 nm and periodicity from 400 nm to 1 μm. The Ni80Fe20 stripes show a hysteresis loop with one step when the IrMn width and spacing are small. However, upon increasing the IrMn width and spacing, the hysteresis loops showed two steps as the pinned and unpinned sections of the Ni80Fe20 stripes switch at different fields. Micromagnetic modeling reveals the influence of geometry on the reversal behavior.

  17. Synthesis and Characterization of Ferromagnetic/Antiferromagnetic Perovskite Oxide Superlattices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jia, Yue

    Perovskite oxides span a diverse range of functional properties such as ferromagnetism, superconductivity, and ferroelectricity, which makes them promising candidate materials for applications such as sensors, energy conversion and data storage devices. With recent advances in thin film deposition techniques, the precise manipulation of atomic layers on the unit cell level make it possible to synthesize epitaxial thin film heterostructures consisting of layers with different properties. The structural compatibility of perovskite oxides allows them to be epitaxially grown in complex heterostructures such as superlattices with a large density of interfaces where the interplay between spin, charge, orbital, and lattice degrees of freedom gives rise to new behaviors. The ferromagnetic (FM)/antiferromagnetic (AF) interface is particularly interesting due to exchange coupling which is not only of interest for fundamental research but also is of great significance for industrial applications. Unlike metallic systems that have been studied for decades with wide ranges of applications in devices such as hard disk drives, thin films of complex metal oxides is a relatively new field. Perovskite oxides show much more diverse functional properties than metals and open new pathways for tailoring propertiestowards specific device applications. Epitaxial La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO)/La 0.7Sr0.3FeO3 (LSFO) superlattices serve as model systems to explore the magnetic structure and exchange coupling at perovskite oxide interfaces. Earlier work suggested that (001)-oriented LSMO/LSFO superlattices with compensated AF spins at the interface display spin-flop coupling characterized by perpendicular alignment between the AF spin axes and the FM moments at a sublayer thickness of 6 unit cells (u.c.). Changing the crystallographic orientation of the interface from (001) to (111) introduces changes to factors such as the charge density of each stacking layer, the magnetic iiistructure of the AF

  18. Spectral evolution with doping of an antiferromagnetic Mott state

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Huan-Kuang; Lee, Ting-Kuo

    2017-01-01

    Since the discovery of half-filled cuprate to be a Mott insulator, the excitation spectra above the chemical potential for the unoccupied states has attracted much research attention. There were many theoretical works using different numerical techniques to study this problem, but many have reached different conclusions. One of the reasons is the lack of very detailed high-resolution experimental results for the theories to be compared with. Recently, the scanning tunneling spectroscopy [P. Cai et al., Nat. Phys. 12, 1047 (2016), 10.1038/nphys3840; C. Ye et al., Nat. Commun. 4, 1365 (2013), 10.1038/ncomms2369] on lightly doped Mott insulator with an antiferromagnetic order found the presence of in-gap states with energy of order half an eV above the chemical potential. The measured spectral properties with doping are not quite consistent with earlier theoretical works. Although the experiment has disorder and localization effect, but for the energy scale we will study here, a model without disorder is sufficed to illustrate the underlying physics. We perform a diagonalization method on top of the variational Monte Carlo calculation to study the evolution of antiferromagnetic Mott state with doped hole concentration in the Hubbard model. Our results found in-gap states that behave similarly with ones reported by STS. These in-gap states acquire a substantial amount of dynamical spectral weight transferred from the upper Hubbard band. The in-gap states move toward chemical potential with increasing spectral weight as doping increases. Our result also provides information about the energy scale of these in-gap states in relation with the Coulomb coupling strength U .

  19. Characterisation of the antiferromagnetic transition of Cu2FeSnS4, the synthetic analogue of stannite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Caneschi, A.; Cipriani, C.; di Benedetto, F.; Sessoli, R.

    2003-04-01

    Magnetisation measurements between 260 and 1.9K were performed on the synthetic analogue of stannite, Cu_2FeSnS_4, tetragonal Ioverline{4}2m. Fe(II) ions, in the high spin S=2 configuration for tetrahedral coordination, are responsible for the high temperature paramagnetism. In agreement with Bernardini et al. (2000), an antiferromagnetic transition was observed, lowering temperature below 8K. Refined measurements evidenced a T_N=6.1K for the Néel temperature. In spite of a small difference, observed in the behaviour between the zero-field cooled and the field cooled curves, which suggests the possible presence of a spin-glass phase, the AC measurements did not provide evidence of dependence of the magnetic susceptibility on frequency, as expected in spin-glass systems. On the basis of the experimental data, in agreement with the existent literature (Fries et al., 1997), a collinear antiferromagnetic structure should be preferred. The Fe ions, in fact, are distributed in two sublattices obtained by magnetic differentiation of the symmetry equivalent (0,0,0) and (frac{1}{2}frac{1}{2}frac{1}{2}) Fe positions (wyckoff: 2a). The low value for the Nèel temperature, as compared e.g. to the room-temperature antiferromagnet chalcopyrite (CuFeS_2), very close in composition and structure to stannite, is to be related to the increased distance between the Fe ions (˜6.6Å). This weak interaction is not detected in natural samples, where diamagnetic Zn(II) replace paramagnetic Fe(II), thus increasing the mean Fe-Fe distance. Fries, T., Shapira, Y., Palacio, F., Moròn, M.C., McIntyre, G.J., Kershaw, R., Wold, A. and McNiff, E.J. Jr. (1997): Mangetic ordering of the antiferromagnet Cu_2MnSnS_4 from magnetisation and neutron-scattering measurements. Phys. Rev. B, 6(9), 5424-5431 Bernardini, G.P., Borrini, D., Caneschi, A. Di Benedetto, F., Gatteschi, D., Ristori, S. and Romanelli, M. (2000): EPR and SQUID magnetometry study of Cu_2FeSnS_4 (stannite) and Cu_2ZnSnS_4 (kesterite

  20. Antiferromagnetic Ordering in Organic Conductor λ-(BEDT-TTF)2GaCl4 Probed by 13C NMR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saito, Yohei; Fukuoka, Shuhei; Kobayashi, Takuya; Kawamoto, Atsushi; Mori, Hatsumi

    2018-01-01

    The ground state of λ-(BEDT-TTF)2GaCl4, which has the same structure as the organic superconductor λ-(BETS)2GaCl4, was investigated by magnetic susceptibility and 13C NMR measurements. The temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility revealed an antiferromagnetic (AF) correlation with J/kB ≃ 98 K. NMR spectrum splitting and the divergence of 1/T1 were observed at approximately 13 K, which is associated with the AF transition. We found that the AF structure is commensurate according to discrete NMR peak splitting, suggesting that the ground state of λ-(BEDT-TTF)2GaCl4 is an AF dimer-Mott insulating state. Our results suggest that the superconducting phase of λ-type salts would be located near the AF insulating phase.

  1. Simple full micromagnetic model of exchange bias behavior in ferro/antiferromagnetic layered structures (abstract)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koon, Norman C.

    1997-04-01

    It is shown using full micromagnetic relaxation calculations that exchange bias behavior is predicted for single-crystal ferro/antiferromagnetic layers with a fully compensated interface. The particular example most fully studied has a bcc/bct lattice structure with a fully compensated (110) interface plane. Only bilinear Heisenberg exchange was assumed, with anisotropy only in the antiferromagnet. In spite of the intuitive notion that exchange coupling between a ferromagnet and an antiferromagnet across a fully compensated plane of the antiferromagnet should be zero, we find strong coupling, comparable to the bilinear exchange, with a 90° angle between the ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic axes of layers far from the interface in absence of an applied field. Even though the 90° coupling has characteristics resembling "biquadratic" exchange, it originates entirely from frustrated bilinear exchange. The development of exchange bias is found to originate from the formation of a domain wall in the antiferromagnet via the strong 90° exchange coupling and pinning of the wall by the magnetocrystalline anisotropy in the antiferromagnet. Because the large demagnetizing factor of the ferromagnet tends to confine its magnetization to the plane, the exchange bias is found to depend mainly on the strength and the symmetry of the in-plane component of anisotropy. Although little effort was made to analyze specific systems, the model reproduces many of the qualitative features observed in real exchange bias systems and gives reasonable semiquantitative estimates for the bias field when exchange and anisotropy values consistent with real systems are used.

  2. Pressure induced para-antiferromagnetic switching in BiFeO3-PbTiO3 as determined using in-situ neutron diffraction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Comyn, Tim P.; Stevenson, Tim; Al-Jawad, Maisoon; Marshall, William G.; Smith, Ronald I.; Herrero-Albillos, Julia; Cywinski, Robert; Bell, Andrew J.

    2013-05-01

    BiFeO3-PbTiO3 exhibits both ferroelectric and antiferromagnetic order, depending on the composition. Moderate hydrostatic pressures have been used at room temperature to transform the crystallographic phase from P4mm to R3c for the compositions 0.7BiFeO3-0.3PbTiO3 and 0.65BiFeO3-0.35PbTiO3, as determined using in-situ neutron diffraction. Using Rietveld refinements, the resultant data showed that, for both compositions, a transformation from para- to G-type antiferromagnetic order accompanied the structural transition. The transformation occurred over the range 0.4-0.77 and 0.67-0.88 GPa for 0.7BiFeO3-0.3PbTiO3 and 0.65BiFeO3-0.35PbTiO3, respectively; at intermediate pressures, a mixture of P4mm and R3c phases were evident. These pressures are far lower than required to induce a phase transition in either the BiFeO3 or PbTiO3 end members. The driving force for this pressure induced first order phase transition is a significant difference in volume between the two phases, P4mm > R3c of 4%-5%, at ambient pressure. Upon removal of the pressure, 0.65BiFeO3-0.35PbTiO3 returned to the paramagnetic tetragonal state, whereas in 0.7BiFeO3-0.3PbTiO3 antiferromagnetic ordering persisted, and the structural phase remained rhombohedral. Using conventional laboratory x-ray diffraction with a hot-stage, the phase readily reverted back to a tetragonal phase, at temperatures between 100 and 310 °C for 0.7BiFeO3-0.3PbTiO3, far lower than the ferroelectric Curie point for this composition of 632 °C. To our knowledge, the reported pressure induced para- to antiferromagnetic transition is unique in the literature.

  3. Spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet on an anisotropic triangular lattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Starykh, Oleg

    2007-03-01

    The Triangular lattice spin-1/2 Heisenberg AntiFerromagnet (TAF) is a prototypical model of frustrated quantum magnetism. While it is believed to exhibit long-range order in the isotropic limit, changes such as spatial anisotropy can alter the delicate balance amongst competing ground states. I will describe the static and dynamic properties of the spatially anisotropic TAF, with inter-chain diagonal exchange J' much weaker than the intrachain exchange J. Treating J' as a perturbation of decoupled Heisenberg spin-1/2 chains, I find that the ground state is spontaneously dimerized in a four-fold degenerate zig-zag pattern. This dimerization instability is driven by quantum fluctuations, which are dramatically enhanced here by the frustrated nature of inter-chain exchange. A magnetic field partially relieves frustration, by canting the spins along the field direction, and causes a quantum phase transition into a magnetically-ordered spin-density-wave phase. This is followed by cone and, finally, fully polarized (saturated) phases, as a function of increasing magnetic field. I show that many of these features are in fact observed in experiments on the celebrated material Cs2CuCl4 (J'/J =1/3). I will also discuss the significant modification of the phase diagram by symmetry-breaking anisotropic Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) interactions, present in this interesting magnet. In addition to static and thermodynamic properties, the proposed ``one-dimensional'' approach offers a compelling explanation of the unusual experimentally measured dynamical structure factor of Cs2CuCl4 in terms of descendants of one-dimensional spinons. Quite generally, I find characteristic features of a momentum-dependent spinon bound state and a dispersing incoherent excitation in the structure factor, in agreement with experiments.

  4. Two-Dimensional Jeff=1 /2 Antiferromagnetic Insulator Unraveled from Interlayer Exchange Coupling in Artificial Perovskite Iridate Superlattices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hao, Lin; Meyers, D.; Frederick, Clayton; Fabbris, Gilberto; Yang, Junyi; Traynor, Nathan; Horak, Lukas; Kriegner, Dominik; Choi, Yongseong; Kim, Jong-Woo; Haskel, Daniel; Ryan, Phil J.; Dean, M. P. M.; Liu, Jian

    2017-07-01

    We report an experimental investigation of the two-dimensional Jeff=1 /2 antiferromagnetic Mott insulator by varying the interlayer exchange coupling in [(SrIrO3)1 , (SrTiO3)m ] (m =1 , 2 and 3) superlattices. Although all samples exhibited an insulating ground state with long-range magnetic order, temperature-dependent resistivity measurements showed a stronger insulating behavior in the m =2 and m =3 samples than the m =1 sample which displayed a clear kink at the magnetic transition. This difference indicates that the blocking effect of the excessive SrTiO3 layer enhances the effective electron-electron correlation and strengthens the Mott phase. The significant reduction of the Néel temperature from 150 K for m =1 to 40 K for m =2 demonstrates that the long-range order stability in the former is boosted by a substantial interlayer exchange coupling. Resonant x-ray magnetic scattering revealed that the interlayer exchange coupling has a switchable sign, depending on the SrTiO3 layer number m , for maintaining canting-induced weak ferromagnetism. The nearly unaltered transition temperature between the m =2 and the m =3 demonstrated that we have realized a two-dimensional antiferromagnet at finite temperatures with diminishing interlayer exchange coupling.

  5. Two-Dimensional J eff = 1 / 2 Antiferromagnetic Insulator Unraveled from Interlayer Exchange Coupling in Artificial Perovskite Iridate Superlattices

    DOE PAGES

    Hao, Lin; Meyers, D.; Frederick, Clayton; ...

    2017-07-14

    We report an experimental investigation of the two-dimensional J eff=1/2 antiferromagnetic Mott insulator by varying the interlayer exchange coupling in [(SrIrO 3) 1, (SrTiO 3) m] (m=1, 2 and 3) superlattices. Although all samples exhibited an insulating ground state with long-range magnetic order, temperature-dependent resistivity measurements showed a stronger insulating behavior in the m = 2 and m = 3 samples than the m = 1 sample which displayed a clear kink at the magnetic transition. This difference indicates that the blocking effect of the excessive SrTiO 3 layer enhances the effective electron-electron correlation and strengthens the Mott phase. Themore » significant reduction of the Néel temperature from 150 K for m = 1 to 40 K for m = 2 demonstrates that the long-range order stability in the former is boosted by a substantial interlayer exchange coupling. Resonant x-ray magnetic scattering revealed that the interlayer exchange coupling has a switchable sign, depending on the SrTiO 3 layer number m, for maintaining canting-induced weak ferromagnetism. In conclusion, the nearly unaltered transition temperature between the m = 2 and the m = 3 demonstrated that we have realized a two-dimensional antiferromagnet at finite temperatures with diminishing interlayer exchange coupling.« less

  6. Two-Dimensional J eff = 1 / 2 Antiferromagnetic Insulator Unraveled from Interlayer Exchange Coupling in Artificial Perovskite Iridate Superlattices

    SciTech Connect

    Hao, Lin; Meyers, D.; Frederick, Clayton

    We report an experimental investigation of the two-dimensional J eff=1/2 antiferromagnetic Mott insulator by varying the interlayer exchange coupling in [(SrIrO 3) 1, (SrTiO 3) m] (m=1, 2 and 3) superlattices. Although all samples exhibited an insulating ground state with long-range magnetic order, temperature-dependent resistivity measurements showed a stronger insulating behavior in the m = 2 and m = 3 samples than the m = 1 sample which displayed a clear kink at the magnetic transition. This difference indicates that the blocking effect of the excessive SrTiO 3 layer enhances the effective electron-electron correlation and strengthens the Mott phase. Themore » significant reduction of the Néel temperature from 150 K for m = 1 to 40 K for m = 2 demonstrates that the long-range order stability in the former is boosted by a substantial interlayer exchange coupling. Resonant x-ray magnetic scattering revealed that the interlayer exchange coupling has a switchable sign, depending on the SrTiO 3 layer number m, for maintaining canting-induced weak ferromagnetism. In conclusion, the nearly unaltered transition temperature between the m = 2 and the m = 3 demonstrated that we have realized a two-dimensional antiferromagnet at finite temperatures with diminishing interlayer exchange coupling.« less

  7. Coexistence of superconductivity and antiferromagnetism in (Li0.8Fe0.2)OHFeSe.

    PubMed

    Lu, X F; Wang, N Z; Wu, H; Wu, Y P; Zhao, D; Zeng, X Z; Luo, X G; Wu, T; Bao, W; Zhang, G H; Huang, F Q; Huang, Q Z; Chen, X H

    2015-03-01

    Iron selenide superconductors exhibit a number of unique characteristics that are helpful for understanding the mechanism of superconductivity in high-Tc iron-based superconductors more generally. However, in the case of AxFe2Se2 (A = K, Rb, Cs), the presence of an intergrown antiferromagnetic insulating phase makes the study of the underlying physics problematic. Moreover, FeSe-based systems intercalated with alkali metal ions, NH3 molecules or organic molecules are extremely sensitive to air, which prevents the further investigation of their physical properties. It is therefore desirable to find a stable and easily accessible FeSe-based superconductor to study its physical properties in detail. Here, we report the synthesis of an air-stable material, (Li0.8Fe0.2)OHFeSe, which remains superconducting at temperatures up to ~40 K, by means of a novel hydrothermal method. The crystal structure is unambiguously determined by a combination of X-ray and neutron powder diffraction and nuclear magnetic resonance. Moreover, antiferromagnetic order is shown to coexist with superconductivity. This synthetic route opens a path for exploring superconductivity in other related systems, and confirms the appeal of iron selenides as a platform for understanding superconductivity in iron pnictides more broadly.

  8. Magnetic excitations in the spin-1/2 triangular-lattice antiferromagnet Cs 2CuBr 4

    DOE PAGES

    Zvyagin, S. A.; Ozerov, M.; Kamenskyi, D.; ...

    2015-11-27

    We present on high- field electron spin resonance (ESR) studies of magnetic excitations in the spin- 1/2 triangular-lattice antiferromagnet Cs 2CuBr 4. Frequency- field diagrams of ESR excitations are measured for different orientations of magnetic fields up to 25 T. We show that the substantial zero- field energy gap, Δ ≈ 9.5 K, observed in the low-temperature excitation spectrum of Cs 2CuBr 4 [Zvyagin et al:, Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 077206 (2014)], is present well above T N. Noticeably, the transition into the long-range magnetically ordered phase does not significantly affect the size of the gap, suggesting that even belowmore » T N the high-energy spin dynamics in Cs 2CuBr 4 is determined by short-range-order spin correlations. The experimental data are compared with results of model spin-wave-theory calculations for spin-1/2 triangle-lattice antiferromagnet.« less

  9. Ultrafast spin dynamics and switching via spin transfer torque in antiferromagnets with weak ferromagnetism

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Tae Heon; Grünberg, Peter; Han, Song Hee; Cho, Beongki

    2016-01-01

    The spin-torque driven dynamics of antiferromagnets with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) were investigated based on the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert-Slonczewski equation with antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic order parameters (l and m, respectively). We demonstrate that antiferromagnets including DMI can be described by a 2-dimensional pendulum model of l. Because m is coupled with l, together with DMI and exchange energy, close examination of m provides fundamental understanding of its dynamics in linear and nonlinear regimes. Furthermore, we discuss magnetization reversal as a function of DMI and anisotropy energy induced by a spin current pulse. PMID:27713522

  10. Evidence for the antiferromagnetic ground state of Zr2TiAl: a first-principles study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sreenivasa Reddy, P. V.; Kanchana, V.; Vaitheeswaran, G.; Ruban, Andrei V.; Christensen, N. E.

    2017-07-01

    A detailed study on the ternary Zr-based intermetallic compound Zr2TiAl has been carried out using first-principles electronic structure calculations. From the total energy calculations, we find an antiferromagnetic L11-like (AFM) phase with alternating (1 1 1) spin-up and spin-down layers to be a stable phase among some others with magnetic moment on Ti being 1.22 {μ\\text{B}} . The calculated magnetic exchange interaction parameters of the Heisenberg Hamiltonian and subsequent Heisenberg Monte Carlo simulations confirm that this phase is the magnetic ground structure with Néel temperature between 30 and 100 K. The phonon dispersion relations further confirm the stability of the magnetic phase while the non-magnetic phase is found to have imaginary phonon modes and the same is also found from the calculated elastic constants. The magnetic moment of Ti is found to decrease under pressure eventually driving the system to the non-magnetic phase at around 46 GPa, where the phonon modes are found to be positive indicating stability of the non-magnetic phase. A continuous change in the band structure under compression leads to the corresponding change of the Fermi surface topology and electronic topological transitions (ETT) in both majority and minority spin cases, which are also evident from the calculated elastic constants and density of state calculations for the material under compression.

  11. Spin dynamics near a putative antiferromagnetic quantum critical point in Cu-substituted BaFe 2 As 2 and its relation to high-temperature superconductivity

    DOE PAGES

    Kim, M. G.; Wang, M.; Tucker, G. S.; ...

    2015-12-02

    We present the results of elastic and inelastic neutron scattering measurements on nonsuperconducting Ba(Fe 0.957Cu 0.043) 2As 2, a composition close to a quantum critical point between antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordered and paramagnetic phases. By comparing these results with the spin fluctuations in the low-Cu composition as well as the parent compound BaFe 2As 2 and superconducting Ba(Fe 1–xNi x) 2As 2 compounds, we demonstrate that paramagnon-like spin fluctuations are evident in the antiferromagnetically ordered state of Ba(Fe 0.957Cu 0.043) 2As 2, which is distinct from the AFM-like spin fluctuations in the superconducting compounds. Our observations suggest that Cu substitution decouplesmore » the interaction between quasiparticles and the spin fluctuations. In addition, we show that the spin-spin correlation length ξ(T) increases rapidly as the temperature is lowered and find ω/T scaling behavior, the hallmark of quantum criticality, at an antiferromagnetic quantum critical point.« less

  12. Unusual magnetic excitations in the weakly ordered spin- 1 2 chain antiferromagnet Sr 2 CuO 3 : Possible evidence for Goldstone magnon coupled with the amplitude mode

    DOE PAGES

    Sergeicheva, E. G.; Sosin, S. S.; Prozorova, L. A.; ...

    2017-01-18

    We report on an electron spin resonance (ESR) study of a nearly one-dimensional (1D) spin-1/2 chain antiferromagnet, Sr 2CuO 3, with extremely weak magnetic ordering. The ESR spectra at T > T N, in the disordered Luttinger-spin-liquid phase, reveal nearly ideal Heisenberg-chain behavior with only a very small, field-independent linewidth, ~1/T. In the ordered state, below T N, we identify field-dependent antiferromagnetic resonance modes, which are well described by pseudo-Goldstone magnons in the model of a collinear biaxial antiferromagnet. Additionally, we observe a major resonant mode with unusual and strongly anisotropic properties, which is not anticipated by the conventional theorymore » of Goldstone spin waves. Lastly, we propose that this unexpected magnetic excitation can be attributed to a field-independent magnon mode renormalized due to its interaction with the high-energy amplitude (Higgs) mode in the regime of weak spontaneous symmetry breaking.« less

  13. Competing antiferromagnetism in a quasi-2D itinerant ferromagnet: Fe 3GeTe 2

    DOE PAGES

    Yi, Jieyu; Zhuang, Houlong; Zou, Qiang; ...

    2016-11-15

    Fe 3GeTe 2 is known as an air-stable layered metal with itinerant ferromagnetism with a transition temperature of about 220 K. From extensive dc and ac magnetic measurements, we have determined that the ferromagnetic layers of Fe 3GeTe 2 order antiferromagnetically along the c-axis blow 152 K. The antiferromagnetic state was further substantiated by theoretical calculation to be the ground state. A magnetic structure model was proposed to describe the antiferromagnetic ground state as well as competition between antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic states. Furthermore, Fe 3GeTe 2 shares many common features with pnictide superconductors and may be a promising system inmore » which to search for unconventional superconductivity.« less

  14. Antiferromagnetic Order in Epitaxial FeSe Films on SrTiO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Y.; Miao, L.; Wang, P.; Zhu, F. F.; Jiang, W. X.; Jiang, S. W.; Zhang, Y.; Lei, B.; Chen, X. H.; Ding, H. F.; Zheng, Hao; Zhang, W. T.; Jia, Jin-feng; Qian, Dong; Wu, D.

    2018-03-01

    Single monolayer FeSe film grown on a Nb-doped SrTiO3 (001 ) substrate shows the highest superconducting transition temperature (TC˜100 K ) among the iron-based superconductors (iron pnictides), while the TC value of bulk FeSe is only ˜8 K . Although bulk FeSe does not show antiferromagnetic order, calculations suggest that the parent FeSe /SrTi O3 films are antiferromagnetic. Experimentally, because of a lack of a direct probe, the magnetic state of FeSe /SrTi O3 films remains mysterious. Here, we report direct evidence of antiferromagnetic order in the parent FeSe /SrTi O3 films by the magnetic exchange bias effect measurements. The magnetic blocking temperature is ˜140 K for a single monolayer film. The antiferromagnetic order disappears after electron doping.

  15. Brownian motion and entropic torque driven motion of domain walls in antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yan, Zhengren; Chen, Zhiyuan; Qin, Minghui; Lu, Xubing; Gao, Xingsen; Liu, Junming

    2018-02-01

    We study the spin dynamics in antiferromagnetic nanowire under an applied temperature gradient using micromagnetic simulations on a classical spin model with a uniaxial anisotropy. The entropic torque driven domain-wall motion and the Brownian motion are discussed in detail, and their competition determines the antiferromagnetic wall motion towards the hotter or colder region. Furthermore, the spin dynamics in an antiferromagnet can be well tuned by the anisotropy and the temperature gradient. Thus, this paper not only strengthens the main conclusions obtained in earlier works [Kim et al., Phys. Rev. B 92, 020402(R) (2015), 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.020402; Selzer et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 107201 (2016), 10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.107201], but more importantly gives the concrete conditions under which these conclusions apply, respectively. Our results may provide useful information on the antiferromagnetic spintronics for future experiments and storage device design.

  16. Pb 2MnTeO 6 Double Perovskite: An Antipolar Anti-ferromagnet

    DOE PAGES

    Retuerto, Maria; Skiadopoulou, Stella; Li, Man-Rong; ...

    2016-04-08

    Pb 2MnTeO 6, a new double perovskite, has been synthesized. Its crystal structure was determined by synchrotron X-ray and powder neutron diffraction.Pb 2MnTeO 6 is monoclinic (I2/m) at room temperature with a regular arrangement of all the cations in their polyhedra. However, when the temperature is lowered to ~120 K it undergoes a phase transition from I2/m to C2/c structure. This transition is accompanied by a displacement of the Pb atoms from the center of their polyhedra due to the 6s 2 lone-pair electrons, together with a surprising off-centering of Mn 2+ (d 5) magnetic cations. This strong first-order phasemore » transition is also evidenced by specific heat, dielectric, Raman, and infrared spectroscopy measurements. The magnetic characterizations indicate an anti-ferromagnetic (AFM) order below T N ≈ 20 K; analysis of powder neutron diffraction data confirms the magnetic structure with propagation vector k = (0 1 0) and collinear AFM spins. The observed jump in dielectric permittivity near ~150 K implies possible anti-ferroelectric behavior; however, the absence of switching suggests that Pb 2MnTeO 6 can only be antipolar. First-principle calculations confirmed that the crystal and magnetic structures determined are locally stable and that anti-ferroelectric switching is unlikely to be observed in Pb 2MnTeO 6.« less

  17. Characterizing the antiferromagnetic ordering of fermions in a compensated optical lattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duarte, P. M.; Hart, R. A.; Yang, T. L.; Liu, X.; Hulet, R. G.; Paiva, T. C. L.; Huse, D.; Scalettar, R.; Trivedi, N.

    2014-05-01

    We realize the Fermi-Hubbard model with fermionic 6Li atoms in a three-dimensional, red-detuned optical lattice. The lattice is compensated by the addition of three blue-detuned gaussian beams which overlap each of the lattice laser beams, but are not retro-reflected. Using the compensated lattice potential, we have reached temperatures low enough to produce antiferromagnetic (AF) spin correlations, which we detect via Bragg scattering of light. The variation of the measured AF correlations as a function of the Hubbard interaction strength, U / t , provides a way to determine the temperature of the atoms in the lattice by comparison with quantum Monte Carlo calculations. This method suggests our temperature is in the range of 2-3 times the Néel ordering temperature. In this poster we present our Bragg scattering results along with our studies of the effect of the compensating potential in helping us cool the atoms in the lattice and also enlarge the size of the AF phase. Work supported by DARPA, ONR, NSF and The Welch Foundation.

  18. Pressure induced superconductivity in the antiferromagnetic Dirac material BaMnBi2.

    PubMed

    Chen, Huimin; Li, Lin; Zhu, Qinqing; Yang, Jinhu; Chen, Bin; Mao, Qianhui; Du, Jianhua; Wang, Hangdong; Fang, Minghu

    2017-05-09

    The so-called Dirac materials such as graphene and topological insulators are a new class of matter different from conventional metals and (doped) semiconductors. Superconductivity induced by doing or applying pressure in these systems may be unconventional, or host mysterious Majorana fermions. Here, we report a successfully observation of pressure-induced superconductivity in an antiferromagnetic Dirac material BaMnBi 2 with T c of ~4 K at 2.6 GPa. Both the higher upper critical field, μ 0 H c2 (0) ~ 7 Tesla, and the measured current independent of T c precludes that superconductivity is ascribed to the Bi impurity. The similarity in ρ ab (B) linear behavior at high magnetic fields measured at 2 K both at ambient pressure (non-superconductivity) and 2.6 GPa (superconductivity, but at the normal state), as well as the smooth and similar change of resistivity with pressure measured at 7 K and 300 K in zero field, suggests that there may be no structure transition occurred below 2.6 GPa, and superconductivity observed here may emerge in the same phase with Dirac fermions. Our findings imply that BaMnBi 2 may provide another platform for studying SC mechanism in the system with Dirac fermions.

  19. Superconductivity mediated by quantum critical antiferromagnetic fluctuations: The rise and fall of hot spots

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Xiaoyu; Schattner, Yoni; Berg, Erez; Fernandes, Rafael M.

    2017-05-01

    In several unconventional superconductors, the highest superconducting transition temperature Tc is found in a region of the phase diagram where the antiferromagnetic transition temperature extrapolates to zero, signaling a putative quantum critical point. The elucidation of the interplay between these two phenomena—high-Tc superconductivity and magnetic quantum criticality—remains an important piece of the complex puzzle of unconventional superconductivity. In this paper, we combine sign-problem-free quantum Monte Carlo simulations and field-theoretical analytical calculations to unveil the microscopic mechanism responsible for the superconducting instability of a general low-energy model, called the spin-fermion model. In this approach, low-energy electronic states interact with each other via the exchange of quantum critical magnetic fluctuations. We find that even in the regime of moderately strong interactions, both the superconducting transition temperature and the pairing susceptibility are governed not by the properties of the entire Fermi surface, but instead by the properties of small portions of the Fermi surface called hot spots. Moreover, Tc increases with increasing interaction strength, until it starts to saturate at the crossover from hot-spots-dominated to Fermi-surface-dominated pairing. Our work provides not only invaluable insights into the system parameters that most strongly affect Tc, but also important benchmarks to assess the origin of superconductivity in both microscopic models and actual materials.

  20. Thermodynamics of anisotropic antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain in the presence of longitudinal magnetic field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rezania, H.

    2018-07-01

    We have addressed the specific heat and magnetization of one dimensional spin-1/2 anisotropic antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain at finite magnetic field. We have investigated the thermodynamic properties by means of excitation spectrum in terms of a hard core Bosonic representation. The effect of in-plane anisotropy thermodynamic properties has also been studied via the Bosonic model by Green's function approach. This anisotropy is considered for exchange constants that couple spin components perpendicular to magnetic field direction. We have found the temperature dependence of the specific heat and longitudinal magnetization in the gapped field induced spin-polarized phase for various magnetic fields and anisotropy parameters. Furthermore we have studied the magnetic field dependence of specific heat and magnetization for various anisotropy parameters. Our results show temperature dependence of specific heat includes a peak so that its temperature position goes to higher temperature with increase of magnetic field. We have found the magnetic field dependence of specific heat shows a monotonic decreasing behavior for various magnetic fields due to increase of energy gap in the excitation spectrum. Also we have studied the temperature dependence of magnetization for different magnetic fields and various anisotropy parameters.

  1. Superconductivity mediated by quantum critical antiferromagnetic fluctuations: the rise and fall of hot spots

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Xiaoyu; Schattner, Yoni; Berg, Erez; Fernandes, Rafael

    The maximum transition temperature Tc observed in the phase diagrams of several unconventional superconductors takes place in the vicinity of a putative antiferromagnetic quantum critical point. This observation motivated the theoretical proposal that superconductivity in these systems may be driven by quantum critical fluctuations, which in turn can also promote non-Fermi liquid behavior. In this talk, we present a combined analytical and sign-problem-free Quantum Monte Carlo investigation of the spin-fermion model - a widely studied low-energy model for the interplay between superconductivity and magnetic fluctuations. By engineering a series of band dispersions that interpolate between near-nested and open Fermi surfaces, and by also varying the strength of the spin-fermion interaction, we find that the hot spots of the Fermi surface provide the dominant contribution to the pairing instability in this model. We show that the analytical expressions for Tc and for the pairing susceptibility, obtained within a large-N Eliashberg approximation to the spin-fermion model, agree well with the Quantum Monte Carlo data, even in the regime of interactions comparable to the electronic bandwidth. DE-SC0012336.

  2. High antiferromagnetic transition temperature of a honeycomb compound SrRu 2O 6

    DOE PAGES

    Tian, Wei; Svoboda, Chris; Ochi, M.; ...

    2015-09-14

    We study the high-temperature magnetic order in a quasi-two-dimensional honeycomb compound SrRu 2O 6 by measuring magnetization and neutron powder diffraction with both polarized and unpolarized neutrons. SrRu 2O 6 crystallizes into the hexagonal lead antimonate (PbSb 2O 6, space group P31m) structure with layers of edge-sharing RuO6 octahedra separated by Sr 2+ ions. SrRu 2O 6 is found to order at T N = 565 K with Ru moments coupled antiferromagnetically both in plane and out of plane. The magnetic moment is 1.30(2) μ B/Ru at room temperature and is along the crystallographic c axis in the G-type magneticmore » structure. We perform density functional calculations with constrained random-phase approximation (RPA) to obtain the electronic structure and effective intra- and interorbital interaction parameters. The projected density of states shows strong hybridization between Ru 4d and O 2p. By downfolding to the target t 2g bands we extract the effective magnetic Hamiltonian and perform Monte Carlo simulations to determine the transition temperature as a function of interand intraplane couplings. We find a weak interplane coupling, 3% of the strong intraplane coupling, permits three-dimensional magnetic order at the observed T N .« less

  3. GdPtPb: A noncollinear antiferromagnet with distorted kagome lattice

    DOE PAGES

    Manni, S.; Bud'ko, Sergey L.; Canfield, Paul C.

    2017-08-24

    In the spirit of searching for Gd-based, frustrated, rare earth magnets, we have found antiferomagnetism (AF) in GdPtPb, which crystallizes in the ZrNiAl-type structure that has a distorted kagome lattice of Gd triangles. Single crystals were grown and investigated using structural, magnetic, transport, and thermodynamic measurements. GdPtPb orders antiferromagnetically at 15.5 K, arguably with a planar, noncollinear structure. The high temperature magnetic susceptibility data reveal an “anti-frustration” behavior having a frustration parameter, |f| = |Θ|/T N = 0.25, which can be explained by mean field theory within a two-sublattice model. Here, the study of the magnetic phase diagram down tomore » T = 1.8K reveals a change of magnetic structure through a metamagnetic transition at around 20 kOe and the disappearance of the AF ordering near 140 kOe. In total, our work indicates that GdPtPb can serve as an example of a planar, noncollinear AF with a distorted kagome magnetic sublattice.« less

  4. 2D Heisenberg Triangular Antiferromagnet in Ba3CoSb2O9

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Biffin, Alun; Demmel, Franz; Walker, Helen; Hayward, Michael; Coldea, Radu

    We present inelastic neutron scattering (INS) experiments on the triangular antiferromagnet (TAF) Ba3CoSb2O9. High energy INS measurements allowed the crystal field levels of Co2+ ions to be resolved, and subsequently the terms relevant to its single ion Hamiltonian to be derived with the conclusion that the ions have a Jeff = 1 / 2 doublet as their groundstate with relatively weak local trigonal distortion of CoO6 octahedra. The result is a system which is a rare realisation of the canonical spin 1/2 Heisenberg TAF. Following this, low energy, high-resolution INS experiments have been performed which reveal the spin wave excitations emanating from the 120° ordered phase below TN = 3 . 8 K. However, as will be seen, linear spin wave calculations are not sufficient to describe all the features of the data, and these anomalies hint at quantum dynamics beyond linear spin wave theory within this realisation of the canonical S=1/2 TAF system.

  5. Reentrant behavior in the nearest-neighbor Ising antiferromagnet in a magnetic field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Neto, Minos A.; de Sousa, J. Ricardo

    2004-12-01

    Motived by the H-T phase diagram in the bcc Ising antiferromagnetic with nearest-neighbor interactions obtained by Monte Carlo simulation [Landau, Phys. Rev. B 16, 4164 (1977)] that shows a reentrant behavior at low temperature, with two critical temperatures in magnetic field about 2% greater than the critical value Hc=8J , we apply the effective field renormalization group (EFRG) approach in this model on three-dimensional lattices (simple cubic-sc and body centered cubic-bcc). We find that the critical curve TN(H) exhibits a maximum point around of H≃Hc only in the bcc lattice case. We also discuss the critical behavior by the effective field theory in clusters with one (EFT-1) and two (EFT-2) spins, and a reentrant behavior is observed for the sc and bcc lattices. We have compared our results of EFRG in the bcc lattice with Monte Carlo and series expansion, and we observe a good accordance between the methods.

  6. Entanglement properties of the antiferromagnetic-singlet transition in the Hubbard model on bilayer square lattices

    SciTech Connect

    Chang, Chia-Chen; Singh, Rajiv R. P.; Scalettar, Richard T.

    Here, we calculate the bipartite R enyi entanglement entropy of an L x L x 2 bilayer Hubbard model using a determinantal quantum Monte Carlo method recently proposed by Grover [Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 130402 (2013)]. Two types of bipartition are studied: (i) One that divides the lattice into two L x L planes, and (ii) One that divides the lattice into two equal-size (L x L=2 x 2) bilayers. Furthermore, we compare our calculations with those for the tight-binding model studied by the correlation matrix method. As expected, the entropy for bipartition (i) scales as L 2, while themore » latter scales with L with possible logarithmic corrections. The onset of the antiferromagnet to singlet transition shows up by a saturation of the former to a maximal value and the latter to a small value in the singlet phase. We also comment on the large uncertainties in the numerical results with increasing U, which would have to be overcome before the critical behavior and logarithmic corrections can be quanti ed.« less

  7. Entanglement properties of the antiferromagnetic-singlet transition in the Hubbard model on bilayer square lattices

    DOE PAGES

    Chang, Chia-Chen; Singh, Rajiv R. P.; Scalettar, Richard T.

    2014-10-10

    Here, we calculate the bipartite R enyi entanglement entropy of an L x L x 2 bilayer Hubbard model using a determinantal quantum Monte Carlo method recently proposed by Grover [Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 130402 (2013)]. Two types of bipartition are studied: (i) One that divides the lattice into two L x L planes, and (ii) One that divides the lattice into two equal-size (L x L=2 x 2) bilayers. Furthermore, we compare our calculations with those for the tight-binding model studied by the correlation matrix method. As expected, the entropy for bipartition (i) scales as L 2, while themore » latter scales with L with possible logarithmic corrections. The onset of the antiferromagnet to singlet transition shows up by a saturation of the former to a maximal value and the latter to a small value in the singlet phase. We also comment on the large uncertainties in the numerical results with increasing U, which would have to be overcome before the critical behavior and logarithmic corrections can be quanti ed.« less

  8. Voltage-induced switching of an antiferromagnetically ordered topological Dirac semimetal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Youngseok; Kang, Kisung; Schleife, André; Gilbert, Matthew J.

    2018-04-01

    An antiferromagnetic semimetal has been recently identified as a new member of topological semimetals that may host three-dimensional symmetry-protected Dirac fermions. A reorientation of the Néel vector may break the underlying symmetry and open a gap in the quasiparticle spectrum, inducing the (semi)metal-insulator transition. Here, we predict that such a transition may be controlled by manipulating the chemical potential location of the material. We perform both analytical and numerical analysis on the thermodynamic potential of the model Hamiltonian and find that the gapped spectrum is preferred when the chemical potential is located at the Dirac point. As the chemical potential deviates from the Dirac point, the system shows a possible transition from the gapped to the gapless phase and switches the corresponding Néel vector configuration. We perform density functional theory calculations to verify our analysis using a realistic material and discuss a two terminal transport measurement as a possible route to identify the voltage-induced switching of the Néel vector.

  9. Temperature-Dependent Magnetic Response of Antiferromagnetic Doping in Cobalt Ferrite Nanostructures.

    PubMed

    Nairan, Adeela; Khan, Maaz; Khan, Usman; Iqbal, Munawar; Riaz, Saira; Naseem, Shahzad

    2016-04-18

    In this work Mn x Co 1- x Fe₂O₄ nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized using a chemical co-precipitation method. Phase purity and structural analyses of synthesized NPs were performed by X-ray diffractometer (XRD). Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) reveals the presence of highly crystalline and narrowly-dispersed NPs with average diameter of 14 nm. The Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrum was measured in the range of 400-4000 cm -1 which confirmed the formation of vibrational frequency bands associated with the entire spinel structure. Temperature-dependent magnetic properties in anti-ferromagnet (AFM) and ferromagnet (FM) structure were investigated with the aid of a physical property measurement system (PPMS). It was observed that magnetic interactions between the AFM (Mn) and FM (CoFe₂O₄) material arise below the Neel temperature of the dopant. Furthermore, hysteresis response was clearly pronounced for the enhancement in magnetic parameters by varying temperature towards absolute zero. It is shown that magnetic properties have been tuned as a function of temperature and an externally-applied field.

  10. Search for the Heisenberg spin glass on rewired square lattices with antiferromagnetic interaction

    SciTech Connect

    Surungan, Tasrief, E-mail: tasrief@unhas.ac.id; Bansawang, B.J.; Tahir, Dahlang

    Spin glass (SG) is a typical magnetic system with frozen random spin orientation at low temperatures. The system exhibits rich physical properties, such as infinite number of ground states, memory effect, and aging phenomena. There are two main ingredients considered to be pivotal for the existence of SG behavior, namely, frustration and randomness. For the canonical SG system, frustration is led by the presence of competing interaction between ferromagnetic (FM) and antiferromagnetic (AF) couplings. Previously, Bartolozzi et al. [Phys. Rev. B73, 224419 (2006)], reported the SG properties of the AF Ising spins on scale free network (SFN). It is amore » new type of SG, different from the canonical one which requires the presence of both FM and AF couplings. In this new system, frustration is purely caused by the topological factor and its randomness is related to the irregular connectvity. Recently, Surungan et. al. [Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 640, 012001 (2015)] reported SG bahavior of AF Heisenberg model on SFN. We further investigate this type of system by studying an AF Heisenberg model on rewired square lattices. We used Replica Exchange algorithm of Monte Carlo Method and calculated the SG order parameter to search for the existence of SG phase.« less

  11. Tuning the competition between ferromagnetism and antiferromagnetism in a half-doped manganite through magnetoelectric coupling.

    PubMed

    Yi, Di; Liu, Jian; Okamoto, Satoshi; Jagannatha, Suresha; Chen, Yi-Chun; Yu, Pu; Chu, Ying-Hao; Arenholz, Elke; Ramesh, R

    2013-09-20

    We investigate the possibility of controlling the magnetic phase transition of the heterointerface between a half-doped manganite La(0.5)Ca(0.5)MnO(3) and a multiferroic BiFeO(3) (BFO) through magnetoelectric coupling. Using macroscopic magnetometry and element-selective x-ray magnetic circular dichroism at the Mn and Fe L edges, we discover that the ferroelectric polarization of BFO controls simultaneously the magnetization of BFO and La(0.5)Ca(0.5)MnO(3) (LCMO). X-ray absorption spectra at the oxygen K edge and linear dichroism at the Mn L edge suggest that the interfacial coupling is mainly derived from the superexchange between Mn and Fe t(2g) spins. The combination of x-ray absorption spectroscopy and mean-field theory calculations reveals that the d-electron modulation of Mn cations changes the magnetic coupling in LCMO, which controls the enhanced canted moments of interfacial BFO via the interfacial coupling. Our results demonstrate that the competition between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic instability can be modulated by an electric field at the heterointerface, providing another pathway for the electrical field control of magnetism.

  12. Sequential structural and antiferromagnetic transitions in BaFe2Se3 under pressure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Yang; Lin, Ling-Fang; Zhang, Jun-Jie; Dagotto, Elbio; Dong, Shuai

    2018-01-01

    The discovery of superconductivity in the two-leg ladder compound BaFe2S3 has established the 123-type iron chalcogenides as a novel and interesting subgroup of the iron-based superconductor family. However, in this 123 series, BaFe2Se3 is an exceptional member, with a magnetic order and crystalline structure different from all others. Recently, an exciting experiment reported the emergence of superconductivity in BaFe2Se3 at high pressure [J. Ying et al., Phys. Rev. B 95, 241109(R) (2017), 10.1103/PhysRevB.95.241109]. In this paper, we report a first-principles study of BaFe2Se3 . Our analysis unveils a variety of qualitative differences between BaFe2S3 and BaFe2Se3 , including in the latter an unexpected chain of transitions with increasing pressure. First, by gradually reducing the tilting angle of iron ladders, the crystalline structure smoothly transforms from P n m a to C m c m at ˜6 GPa. Second, the system becomes metallic at 10.4 GPa. Third, its unique ambient-pressure Block antiferromagnetic ground state is replaced by the more common stripe (so-called CX-type) antiferromagnetic order at ˜12 GPa, the same magnetic state as the 123-S ladder. This transition is found at a pressure very similar to the experimental superconducting transition. Finally, all magnetic moments vanish at 30 GPa. This reported theoretical diagram of the complete phase evolution is important because of the technical challenges to capture many physical properties in high-pressure experiments. The information obtained in our calculations suggests different characteristics for superconductivity in BaFe2Se3 and BaFe2S3 : in 123-S pairing occurs when magnetic moments vanish, while in 123-Se the transition region from Block- to CX-type magnetism appears to catalyze superconductivity. Finally, an additional superconducting dome above ˜30 GPa is expected to occur.

  13. The density matrix method in photonic bandgap and antiferromagnetic materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barrie, Scott B.

    emission peaks doped with four-level atoms is studied. It is found that linewidth narrowing is only dependent upon time delay when the resonance energy is not near a band edge. This is a new discovery. The density matrix method is employed to find the critical magnetic field at which spin flopping occurs in antiferromagnetic high temperature superconductors. It is found that this magnetic field depends upon the temperature, the anisotropy parameter and the doping concentration. Results are calculated for 1-2-3 HTSCs. Keywords. Quantum Optics, Density Matrix, Photonic Bandgap Materials, Dispersive Polaritonic Bandgap Materials, Antiferromagnets.

  14. Magnetoresistive detection of strongly pinned uncompensated magnetization in antiferromagnetic FeMn

    SciTech Connect

    Lapa, Pavel N.; Roshchin, Igor V.; Ding, Junjia

    2017-01-17

    Here we observed and studied pinned uncompensated magnetization in an antiferromagnet using magnetoresistance measurements. For this, we developed antiferromagnet-ferromagnet spin valves (AFSVs) that consist of an antiferromagnetic layer and a ferromagnetic one, separated by a nonmagnetic conducting spacer. In an AFSV, the uncompensated magnetization in the antiferromagnet affects scattering of spin-polarized electrons giving rise to giant magnetoresitance (GMR). By measuring angular dependence of AFSVs' resistance, we detected pinned uncompensated magnetization responsible for the exchange bias effect in an antiferromagnet- only exchange bias system Cu/FeMn/Cu. The fact that GMR measured in this system persists up to 110 kOe indicates that themore » scattering occurs on strongly pinned uncompensated magnetic moments in FeMn. This strong pinning can be explained if this pinned uncompensated magnetization is a thermodynamically stable state and coupled to the antiferromagnetic order parameter. Finally, using the AFSV technique, we confirmed that the two interfaces between FeMn and Cu are magnetically different: The uncompensated magnetization is pinned only at the interface with the bottom Cu layer.« less

  15. Pure spin current manipulation in antiferromagnetically exchange coupled heterostructures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Avilés-Félix, L.; Butera, A.; González-Chávez, D. E.; Sommer, R. L.; Gómez, J. E.

    2018-03-01

    We present a model to describe the spin currents generated by ferromagnet/spacer/ferromagnet exchange coupled trilayer systems and heavy metal layers with strong spin-orbit coupling. By exploiting the magnitude of the exchange coupling (oscillatory RKKY-like coupling) and the spin-flop transition in the magnetization process, it has been possible to produce spin currents polarized in arbitrary directions. The spin-flop transition of the trilayer system originates pure spin currents whose polarization vector depends on the exchange field and the magnetization equilibrium angles. We also discuss a protocol to control the polarization sign of the pure spin current injected into the metallic layer by changing the initial conditions of magnetization of the ferromagnetic layers previously to the spin pumping and inverse spin Hall effect experiments. The small differences in the ferromagnetic layers lead to a change in the magnetization vector rotation that permits the control of the sign of the induced voltage components due to the inverse spin Hall effect. Our results can lead to important advances in hybrid spintronic devices with new functionalities, particularly, the ability to control microscopic parameters such as the polarization direction and the sign of the pure spin current through the variation of macroscopic parameters, such as the external magnetic field or the thickness of the spacer in antiferromagnetic exchange coupled systems.

  16. Generation of Elliptically Polarized Terahertz Waves from Antiferromagnetic Sandwiched Structure.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Sheng; Zhang, Qiang; Fu, Shu-Fang; Wang, Xuan-Zhang; Song, Yu-Ling; Wang, Xiang-Guang; Qu, Xiu-Rong

    2018-04-01

    The generation of elliptically polarized electromagnetic wave of an antiferromagnetic (AF)/dielectric sandwiched structure in the terahertz range is studied. The frequency and external magnetic field can change the AF optical response, resulting in the generation of elliptical polarization. An especially useful geometry with high levels of the generation of elliptical polarization is found in the case where an incident electromagnetic wave perpendicularly illuminates the sandwiched structure, the AF anisotropy axis is vertical to the wave-vector and the external magnetic field is pointed along the wave-vector. In numerical calculations, the AF layer is FeF2 and the dielectric layers are ZnF2. Although the effect originates from the AF layer, it can be also influenced by the sandwiched structure. We found that the ZnF2/FeF2/ZnF2 structure possesses optimal rotation of the principal axis and ellipticity, which can reach up to about thrice that of a single FeF2 layer.

  17. On Scaling Relations of Organic Antiferromagnets with Magnetic Anions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shimahara, Hiroshi; Kono, Yuki

    2017-04-01

    We study a recently reported scaling relation of the specific heat of the organic compounds λ-(BETS)2FexGa1-xCl4. This relation suggests that the sublattice magnetization m of the π electrons and the antiferromagnetic transition temperature TN are proportional to x. Note that the scaling relation for TN can be explained by considering the effective interaction between the π electrons via the localized 3d spins on the FeCl4 anions. The effective interaction is analogous to the Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida (RKKY) interaction, but the roles of the conductive electrons and the localized spins are interchanged. Using available energy scales, it is shown that the TN scaling relation indicates that the system is in the vicinity of the quantum critical point. It is argued that the scaling relation for m at low temperatures, i.e., below TN but excluding temperatures in the vicinity of TN, indicates that the mismatch between the Fermi surface and that shifted by the nesting vector is large, at least for a large part of the Fermi surface. We also discuss the scaling relation near TN.

  18. Fe4Nb2O9 : A magnetoelectric antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maignan, Antoine; Martin, Christine

    2018-04-01

    The structural, magnetic, and electrical properties of a Fe4Nb2O9 polycrystalline sample have been characterized. It is found that this compound crystallizes in the P 3 ¯c 1 space group of the α -A l2O3 structure and is thus isostructural to Co4Nb2O9 and Mn4Nb2O9 , two linear magnetoelectric oxides. But in marked contrast, its ɛ'(T ) curve reveals two broad transitions at TN 1≅90 K and TN 2≅77 K , the former corresponding to the antiferromagnetic ordering temperature. Below TN 1, the M(H ) magnetization curves reveal the existence of spin flop at about 6 T. In this temperature region, a H-induced electric polarization for μ0H >6 T is evidenced by both sets of Ip(T) H and P (H) T curves. All these results point towards Fe4Nb2O9 being a magnetoelectric member of the A4B2O9 family (A =Mn , Fe, Co and B =Nb , Ta).

  19. Critical frontier of the triangular Ising antiferromagnet in a field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qian, Xiaofeng; Wegewijs, Maarten; Blöte, Henk W.

    2004-03-01

    We study the critical line of the triangular Ising antiferromagnet in an external magnetic field by means of a finite-size analysis of results obtained by transfer-matrix and Monte Carlo techniques. We compare the shape of the critical line with predictions of two different theoretical scenarios. Both scenarios, while plausible, involve assumptions. The first scenario is based on the generalization of the model to a vertex model, and the assumption that the exact analytic form of the critical manifold of this vertex model is determined by the zeroes of an O(2) gauge-invariant polynomial in the vertex weights. However, it is not possible to fit the coefficients of such polynomials of orders up to 10, such as to reproduce the numerical data for the critical points. The second theoretical prediction is based on the assumption that a renormalization mapping exists of the Ising model on the Coulomb gas, and analysis of the resulting renormalization equations. It leads to a shape of the critical line that is inconsistent with the first prediction, but consistent with the numerical data.

  20. Transient carrier dynamics in a Mott insulator with antiferromagnetic order

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Iyoda, Eiki; Ishihara, Sumio

    2014-03-01

    We study transient dynamics of hole carriers injected into a Mott insulator with antiferromagnetic long-range order. This "dynamical hole doping" contrasts with chemical hole doping. The theoretical framework for the transient carrier dynamics is presented based on the two-dimensional t-J model. The time dependencies of the optical conductivity spectra, as well as the one-particle excitation spectra, are calculated based on the Keldysh Green's function formalism at zero temperature combined with the self-consistent Born approximation. In the early stage after dynamical hole doping, the Drude component appears, and then incoherent components originating from hole-magnon scattering start to grow. Fast oscillatory behavior owing to coherent magnon and slow relaxation dynamics are confirmed in the spectra. The time profiles are interpreted as doped bare holes being dressed by magnon clouds and relaxed into spin polaron quasiparticle states. The characteristic relaxation times for Drude and incoherent peaks strongly depend on the momentum of the dynamically doped hole and the exchange constant. Implications for recent pump-probe experiments are discussed.

  1. Large magnetoresistance in antiferromagnetic CaMnO3-δ

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zeng, Z.; Greenblatt, M.; Croft, M.

    1999-04-01

    CaMnO3-δ with δ=0, 0.06, and 0.11 was prepared by the Pechini citrate gel process at 1100 °C. Oxygen defects were created by quenching the sample from high temperature. Chemical analysis and x-ray absorption show that the formal valence of Mn in CaMnO3 is close to 4+, and that Mn(III) is created in the quenched samples. Moreover the x-ray absorption near-edge spectra results support the creation of two Mn(III) five coordinate sites for each O vacancy. CaMnO3-δ (δ=0-0.11) are n-type semiconductors and order antiferromagnatically with Néel temperatures close to 125 K. The activation energy decreases with increasing δ. A relatively large (~40%) negative magnetoresistance (MR) is observed for CaMnO2.89. This result shows that a substantial MR can occur in these G-type antiferromagnetic materials.

  2. Anisotropic electrical conduction in ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic-ferromagnetic oxide trilayers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Padhan, P.; Prellier, W.

    2007-07-01

    An antiferromagnetic layer of an insulator PrMnO3 , CaMnO3 , or Pr0.5Ca0.5MnO3 has been sandwiched between two layers of ferromagnetic SrRuO3 on (001)-oriented SrTiO3 and LaAlO3 substrates using the pulsed laser deposition technique. Magnetotransport measurements reveal a change of anisotropy in the case of trilayers having a Pr0.5Ca0.5MnO3 or a CaMnO3 spacer layer as compared to that of 20unit cells thick film of SrRuO3 , while in the case of PrMnO3 spacer layer, the change of anisotropy is negligible. In addition, two switching magnetic fields are observed with the trilayer made of PrMnO3 spacer layer in the field-dependent anisotropic magnetoresistance. The results are discussed using the concept of spin-orbit coupling and spin mixing conduction process at the interfaces.

  3. Producing coherent excitations in pumped Mott antiferromagnetic insulators

    DOE PAGES

    Wang, Yao; Claassen, Martin; Moritz, B.; ...

    2017-12-15

    Nonequilibrium dynamics in correlated materials has attracted attention due to the possibility of characterizing, tuning, and creating complex ordered states. To understand the photoinduced microscopic dynamics, especially the linkage under realistic pump conditions between transient states and remnant elementary excitations, we performed nonperturbative simulations of various time-resolved spectroscopies. We used the Mott antiferromagnetic insulator as a model platform. The transient dynamics of multi-particle excitations can be attributed to the interplay between Floquet virtual states and a modification of the density of states, in which interactions induce a spectral weight transfer. Using an autocorrelation of the time-dependent spectral function, we showmore » that resonance of the virtual states with the upper Hubbard band in the Mott insulator provides the route towards manipulating the electronic distribution and modifying charge and spin excitations. In conclusion, our results link transient dynamics to the nature of many-body excitations and provide an opportunity to design nonequilibrium states of matter via tuned laser pulses.« less

  4. Itinerant and localized magnetization dynamics in antiferromagnetic Ho

    DOE PAGES

    Rettig, L.; Dornes, C.; Thielemann-Kuhn, N.; ...

    2016-06-21

    Using femtosecond time-resolved resonant magnetic x-ray diffraction at the Ho L 3 absorption edge, we investigate the demagnetization dynamics in antiferromagnetically ordered metallic Ho after femtosecond optical excitation. Here, tuning the x-ray energy to the electric dipole (E1, 2p → 5d) or quadrupole (E2, 2p → 4f) transition allows us to selectively and independently study the spin dynamics of the itinerant 5d and localized 4f electronic subsystems via the suppression of the magnetic (2 1 3–τ) satellite peak. We find demagnetization time scales very similar to ferromagnetic 4f systems, suggesting that the loss of magnetic order occurs via a similarmore » spin-flip process in both cases. The simultaneous demagnetization of both subsystems demonstrates strong intra-atomic 4f–5d exchange coupling. In addition, an ultrafast lattice contraction due to the release of magneto-striction leads to a transient shift of the magnetic satellite peak.« less

  5. Hole spectral functions in lightly doped quantum antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kar, Satyaki; Manousakis, Efstratios

    2011-11-01

    We study the hole and magnon spectral functions as a function of hole doping in the two-dimensional t-J and t-t'-t''-J models working within the limits of spin-wave theory by linearizing the hole-spin-deviation interaction and by adapting the noncrossing approximation. We find that the staggered magnetization decreases rather rapidly with doping and it goes to zero at a few percent of hole concentration in both t-J and t-t'-t''-J models. Furthermore, our results show that the residue of the quasiparticle peak at G⃗=(±π/2,±π/2) decreases very rapidly with doping. We also find pockets centered at G⃗, (i) with an elliptical shape with large eccentricity along the antinodal direction in the case of the t-J model and (ii) with an almost circular shape in the case of the t-t'-t''-J model. Last, we show that the spectral intensity distribution in the doped antiferromagnet has a waterfall-like pattern along the nodal direction of the Brillouin zone, a feature that is also seen in angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy measurements.

  6. Spin dynamics in the stripe-ordered buckled honeycomb lattice antiferromagnet Ba 2 NiTeO 6

    DOE PAGES

    Asai, Shinichiro; Soda, Minoru; Kasatani, Kazuhiro; ...

    2017-09-01

    We carried out inelastic neutron scattering experiments on a buckled honeycomb lattice antiferromagnet Ba 2NiTeO 6 exhibiting a stripe structure at a low temperature. Magnetic excitations are observed in the energy range of ℏω≲10 meV having an anisotropy gap of 2 meV at 2 K. We perform spin-wave calculations to identify the spin model. The obtained microscopic parameters are consistent with the location of the stripe structure in the classical phase diagram. Furthermore, the Weiss temperature independently estimated from a bulk magnetic susceptibility is consistent with the microscopic parameters. The results reveal that a competition between the nearest-neighbor and next-nearest-neighbormore » interactions that together with a relatively large single-ion magnetic anisotropy stabilize the stripe magnetic structure.« less

  7. Spin dynamics in the stripe-ordered buckled honeycomb lattice antiferromagnet Ba 2 NiTeO 6

    SciTech Connect

    Asai, Shinichiro; Soda, Minoru; Kasatani, Kazuhiro

    We carried out inelastic neutron scattering experiments on a buckled honeycomb lattice antiferromagnet Ba 2NiTeO 6 exhibiting a stripe structure at a low temperature. Magnetic excitations are observed in the energy range of ℏω≲10 meV having an anisotropy gap of 2 meV at 2 K. We perform spin-wave calculations to identify the spin model. The obtained microscopic parameters are consistent with the location of the stripe structure in the classical phase diagram. Furthermore, the Weiss temperature independently estimated from a bulk magnetic susceptibility is consistent with the microscopic parameters. The results reveal that a competition between the nearest-neighbor and next-nearest-neighbormore » interactions that together with a relatively large single-ion magnetic anisotropy stabilize the stripe magnetic structure.« less

  8. Simultaneous breaking of lattice symmetry and spin frustration in triangular lattice antiferromagnet CuFeO2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ren, Y.; Ye, F.; Huang, Q.; Fernandez-Baca, J. A.; Dai, Pengcheng; Lynn, J. W.; Kimura, T.

    2006-03-01

    We use high resolution synchrotron X-ray and neutron diffraction to study the geometrically frustrated triangular lattice antiferromagnet (TLA) CuFeO2. We show that the occurrence of the two magnetic transitions, at 14 K and 11 K, respectively is accompanied simultaneously by a second-and first- order structural phase transitions from a hexagonal structure to a monoclinic form. This is the first observation of two successive spin-driven structural transitions directly coupled with incommensurate and commensurate magnetic orderings in frustrated TLA systems. This work is supported by the U. S. NSF DMR-0453804 and DOE Nos. DE-FG02-05ER46202 and DE-AC05-00OR22725 with UT/Battelle LLC. Use of the Advanced Photon Source was supported by the U. S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. W-31-109-Eng-38.

  9. Optical conductivity of cuprates in the pseudogap state: Yang-Rice-Zhang model and antiferromagnetic spin waves

    SciTech Connect

    Singh, Navinder; Sharma, Raman

    In the underdoped regime of the cuprate phase diagram, the modified version of the Resonance Valence Bond (RVB) model by Yang, Rice and Zhang (YRZ) captures the strong electronic correlation effects very well as corroborated by the ARPES and many other experiments. However, under a non-equilibrium transport setting, YRZ says nothing about the scattering mechanisms of the charge carriers. In the present investigation we include, in a very simplified way, the scattering of charge carriers due to antiferromagnetic type spin waves (ASW). The effect of ASW excitations on conductivity has been studied by changing combined life times of the includedmore » process. It has been found that there is a qualitative change in the conductivity in the right direction. The theoretical conductivity reproduces qualitatively the experimental one.« less

  10. Gapped paramagnetic state in a frustrated spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the cross-striped square lattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, P. H. Y.; Bishop, R. F.

    2018-03-01

    We implement the coupled cluster method to very high orders of approximation to study the spin-1/2 J1 -J2 Heisenberg model on a cross-striped square lattice. Every nearest-neighbour pair of sites on the square lattice has an isotropic antiferromagnetic exchange bond of strength J1 > 0 , while the basic square plaquettes in alternate columns have either both or neither next-nearest-neighbour (diagonal) pairs of sites connected by an equivalent frustrating bond of strength J2 ≡ αJ1 > 0 . By studying the magnetic order parameter (i.e., the average local on-site magnetization) in the range 0 ≤ α ≤ 1 of the frustration parameter we find that the quasiclassical antiferromagnetic Néel and (so-called) double Néel states form the stable ground-state phases in the respective regions α < α1ac = 0 . 46(1) and α > α1bc = 0.615(5) . The double Néel state has Néel (⋯ ↑↓↑↓ ⋯) ordering along the (column) direction parallel to the stripes of squares with both or no J2 bonds, and spins alternating in a pairwise (⋯ ↑↑↓↓↑↑↓↓ ⋯) fashion along the perpendicular (row) direction, so that the parallel pairs occur on squares with both J2 bonds present. Further explicit calculations of both the triplet spin gap and the zero-field uniform transverse magnetic susceptibility provide compelling evidence that the ground-state phase over all or most of the intermediate regime α1ac < α < α1bc is a gapped state with no discernible long-range magnetic order.

  11. The frustrated fcc antiferromagnet Ba 2 YOsO 6: Structural characterization, magnetic properties and neutron scattering studies

    DOE PAGES

    Kermarrec, E.; Marjerrison, Casey A.; Thompson, C. M.; ...

    2015-02-26

    Here we report the crystal structure, magnetization, and neutron scattering measurements on the double perovskite Ba 2 YOsO 6. The Fmmore » $$\\bar{3}$$m space group is found both at 290 K and 3.5 K with cell constants a 0=8.3541(4) Å and 8.3435(4) Å, respectively. Os 5+ (5d 3) ions occupy a nondistorted, geometrically frustrated face-centered-cubic (fcc) lattice. A Curie-Weiss temperature θ ~₋700 K suggests the presence of a large antiferromagnetic interaction and a high degree of magnetic frustration. A magnetic transition to long-range antiferromagnetic order, consistent with a type-I fcc state below T N~69 K, is revealed by magnetization, Fisher heat capacity, and elastic neutron scattering, with an ordered moment of 1.65(6) μ B on Os 5+. The ordered moment is much reduced from either the expected spin-only value of ~3 μ B or the value appropriate to 4d 3 Ru 5+ in isostructural Ba 2 YRuO 6 of 2.2(1) μ B, suggesting a role for spin-orbit coupling (SOC). Triple-axis neutron scattering measurements of the order parameter suggest an additional first-order transition at T=67.45 K, and the existence of a second-ordered state. We find time-of-flight inelastic neutron results reveal a large spin gap Δ~17 meV, unexpected for an orbitally quenched, d 3 electronic configuration. In conclusion, we discuss this in the context of the ~5 meV spin gap observed in the related Ru 5+,4d 3 cubic double perovskite Ba 2YRuO 6, and attribute the ~3 times larger gap to stronger SOC present in this heavier, 5d, osmate system.« less

  12. Local magnetizations in impure two-dimensional antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van Luijk, J. A.; Arts, A. F. M.; de Wijn, H. W.

    1980-03-01

    The local magnetizations near dilute substitutional impurities in the quadratic-layer antiferromagnet K2MnF4 are studied both experimentally and theoretically. The impurities considered are the nonmagnetic Zn and Mg, as well as Ni. The magnetizations are probed through the positions of the impurity-associated satellites in the nuclear magnetic resonance of the out-of-layer and in-layer 19F nuclei adjacent to the magnetic ions. It is discussed in which way the effects of lattice deformations can be eliminated in order to obtain the variations of the local magnetizations with temperature. The theoretical treatment is based on Green's-function techniques. The decoupling employed is within the local spin-deviation operators and accounts for correlation between nearest neighbors. It reduces the renormalized spin-wave Hamiltonian to an effective quadratic form, rendering decoupling of Green's functions unnecessary. The spectral distributions of the excitations are calculated including local modes. The theory is subsequently applied to the 13-site cluster consisting of the impurity and the first three shells of Mn around it. Good agreement is found. The magnetization is significantly modified in the first shell. The further shells are only weakly affected, however somewhat stronger than in comparable three-dimensional systems. For nonmagnetic impurities the thermal spin deviation in the first shell is about 13 larger than that of the host; in the Ni-doped system the additional deviations are within 1%. The zero-point deviation of the Ni is 0.11 units of spin, as compared to 0.17 in the host. A further experimental result is a uniform shift, increasing with concentration, of the sublattice magnetization at large distance from the impurity. It must be related to the finite density of states near the zone center in two-dimensional systems. Finally, some data are presented on the local susceptibilities.

  13. Effects of an additional conduction band on the singlet-antiferromagnet competition in the periodic Anderson model

    SciTech Connect

    Hu, Wenjian; Scalettar, Richard T.; Huang, Edwin W.

    The competition between antiferromagnetic (AF) order and singlet formation is a central phenomenon of the Kondo and periodic Anderson Hamiltonians and of the heavy fermion materials they describe. In this paper, we explore the effects of an additional conduction band on magnetism in these models, and, specifically, on changes in the AF-singlet quantum critical point (QCP) and the one particle and spin spectral functions. To understand the magnetic phase transition qualitatively, we first carry out a self-consistent mean field theory (MFT). The basic conclusion is that, at half filling, the coupling to the additional band stabilizes the AF phase tomore » larger f d hybridization V in the PAM. We also explore the possibility of competing ferromagnetic phases when this conduction band is doped away from half filling. Here, we next employ quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) which, in combination with finite size scaling, allows us to evaluate the position of the QCP using an exact treatment of the interactions. This approach confirms the stabilization of AF order, which occurs through an enhancement of the Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida (RKKY) interaction. QMC results for the spectral function A (q,ω) and dynamic spin structure factor χ (q,ω) yield additional insight into the AF-singlet competition and the low temperature phases.« less

  14. Effects of an additional conduction band on the singlet-antiferromagnet competition in the periodic Anderson model

    DOE PAGES

    Hu, Wenjian; Scalettar, Richard T.; Huang, Edwin W.; ...

    2017-06-12

    The competition between antiferromagnetic (AF) order and singlet formation is a central phenomenon of the Kondo and periodic Anderson Hamiltonians and of the heavy fermion materials they describe. In this paper, we explore the effects of an additional conduction band on magnetism in these models, and, specifically, on changes in the AF-singlet quantum critical point (QCP) and the one particle and spin spectral functions. To understand the magnetic phase transition qualitatively, we first carry out a self-consistent mean field theory (MFT). The basic conclusion is that, at half filling, the coupling to the additional band stabilizes the AF phase tomore » larger f d hybridization V in the PAM. We also explore the possibility of competing ferromagnetic phases when this conduction band is doped away from half filling. Here, we next employ quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) which, in combination with finite size scaling, allows us to evaluate the position of the QCP using an exact treatment of the interactions. This approach confirms the stabilization of AF order, which occurs through an enhancement of the Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida (RKKY) interaction. QMC results for the spectral function A (q,ω) and dynamic spin structure factor χ (q,ω) yield additional insight into the AF-singlet competition and the low temperature phases.« less

  15. Revisiting the ground state of CoAl 2 O 4 : Comparison to the conventional antiferromagnet MnAl 2 O 4

    SciTech Connect

    MacDougall, Gregory J.; Aczel, Adam A.; Su, Yixi

    The A-site spinel material CoAl 2O 4 is a physical realization of the frustrated diamond-lattice antiferromagnet, a model in which unique incommensurate or “spin-spiral-liquid” ground states are predicted. Our previous single-crystal neutron scattering study instead classified it as a “kinetically inhibited” antiferromagnet, where the long-ranged correlations of a collinear Néel ground state are blocked by the freezing of domain-wall motion below a first-order phase transition at T*=6.5 K. This study provides new data sets from a number of experiments, which support and expand this work in several important ways. We show that the phenomenology leading to the kinetically inhibited ordermore » is unaffected by sample measured and instrument resolution, while new low-temperature measurements reveal spin correlations are unchanging between T=2 K and 250 mK, consistent with a frozen state. Polarized diffuse neutron measurements show several interesting magnetic features, which can be entirely explained by the existence of short-ranged Néel order. Finally, and crucially, this paper presents some neutron scattering studies of single crystalline MnAl 2O 4, which acts as an unfrustrated analog to CoAl 2O 4 and shows all the hallmarks of a classical antiferromagnet with a continuous phase transition to Néel order at T N=39 K. Direct comparison between the two compounds indicates that CoAl 2O 4 is unique, not in the nature of high-temperature diffuse correlations, but rather in the nature of the frozen state below T*. Finally, the higher level of cation inversion in the MnAl 2O 4 sample indicates that this behavior is primarily an effect of greater next-nearest-neighbor exchange.« less

  16. Revisiting the ground state of CoAl 2 O 4 : Comparison to the conventional antiferromagnet MnAl 2 O 4

    DOE PAGES

    MacDougall, Gregory J.; Aczel, Adam A.; Su, Yixi; ...

    2016-11-17

    The A-site spinel material CoAl 2O 4 is a physical realization of the frustrated diamond-lattice antiferromagnet, a model in which unique incommensurate or “spin-spiral-liquid” ground states are predicted. Our previous single-crystal neutron scattering study instead classified it as a “kinetically inhibited” antiferromagnet, where the long-ranged correlations of a collinear Néel ground state are blocked by the freezing of domain-wall motion below a first-order phase transition at T*=6.5 K. This study provides new data sets from a number of experiments, which support and expand this work in several important ways. We show that the phenomenology leading to the kinetically inhibited ordermore » is unaffected by sample measured and instrument resolution, while new low-temperature measurements reveal spin correlations are unchanging between T=2 K and 250 mK, consistent with a frozen state. Polarized diffuse neutron measurements show several interesting magnetic features, which can be entirely explained by the existence of short-ranged Néel order. Finally, and crucially, this paper presents some neutron scattering studies of single crystalline MnAl 2O 4, which acts as an unfrustrated analog to CoAl 2O 4 and shows all the hallmarks of a classical antiferromagnet with a continuous phase transition to Néel order at T N=39 K. Direct comparison between the two compounds indicates that CoAl 2O 4 is unique, not in the nature of high-temperature diffuse correlations, but rather in the nature of the frozen state below T*. Finally, the higher level of cation inversion in the MnAl 2O 4 sample indicates that this behavior is primarily an effect of greater next-nearest-neighbor exchange.« less

  17. Phase separation in the t-J model. [in theory of high-temperature superconductors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Emery, V. J.; Lin, H. Q.; Kivelson, S. A.

    1990-01-01

    A detailed understanding of the motion of 'holes' in an antiferromagnet is of fundamental importance for the theory of high-temperature superconductors. It is shown here that, for the t-J model, dilute holes in an antiferromagnet are unstable against phase separation into a hole-rich and a no-hole phase. When the spin-exchange interaction J exceeds a critical value Jc, the hole-rich phase has no electrons. It is proposed that, for J slightly less than Jc, the hole-rich phase is a low-density superfluid of electron pairs. Phase separation in related models is briefly discussed.

  18. Temperature dependence of the effective interdimer exchange interaction in a weakly coupled antiferromagnetic dimer copper compound

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Calvo, Rafael; Santana, Vinicius T.; Nascimento, Otaciro R.

    2017-08-01

    We report a variation with temperature T of the effective interdimeric interaction Jeff' in the antiferromagnetic (AFM) copper dimeric organic compound Cu2[TzTs] 4 (N -thiazol-2-yl-toluenesulfonamidate CuII). This T dependence was obtained from measurements of the effects in the electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra of the proposed quantum phase transition associated with the exchange-narrowing processes. Cu2[TzTs] 4 contains exchange-coupled pairs of CuII spins SA and SB (S =1 /2 ), with intradimeric AFM exchange coupling J0=(-115 ±1 ) cm-1 (Hex=-J0SA.SB ). The variation of the EPR linewidth of single crystals with field orientation around a "magic angle" where the transitions intersect and the integrated signal intensity of the so-called U peak of the powder spectrum were measured as a function of T . Modeling these data using arguments of exchange narrowing in the adiabatic regime considering the angular variation of the single-crystal spectra and a geometric description, we find that the effective interdimeric coupling | Jeff'| associated with the exchange frequency ωex is negligible for T ≪| J0/kB| when the units are uncoupled and | Jeff'|=(0.080 ±0.005 ) cm-1 (| Jeff'/J0|=7.0 × 10-4 ) at 298 K. Within this T interval, two ranges of | Jeff'| with linear temperature variation but different slopes, with a kink at ˜80 K, are observed and discussed. This T dependence arises from the growing population of the triplet state, and its relevance to the properties of various arrays of dimeric units is discussed. Our experimental procedures and results are compared with those of previous works in ion radical salts and dimeric metal compounds. The relation between the effective coupling | Jeff'| and the real interdimeric exchange coupling | J'| related to the chemical paths connecting neighbor units is discussed.

  19. Three-dimensional spin mapping of antiferromagnetic nanopyramids having spatially alternating surface anisotropy at room temperature.

    PubMed

    Wang, Kangkang; Smith, Arthur R

    2012-11-14

    Antiferromagnets play a key role in modern spintronic devices owing to their ability to modify the switching behavior of adjacent ferromagnets via the exchange bias effect. Consequently, detailed measurements of the spin structure at antiferromagnetic interfaces and surfaces are highly desirable, not only for advancing technologies but also for enabling new insights into the underlying physics. Here using spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy at room-temperature, we reveal in three-dimensions an orthogonal spin structure on antiferromagnetic compound nanopyramids. Contrary to expected uniaxial anisotropy based on bulk properties, the atomic terraces are found to have alternating in-plane and out-of-plane magnetic anisotropies. The observed layer-wise alternation in anisotropy could have strong influences on future nanoscale spintronic applications.

  20. Experimental evidence consistent with a magnon Nernst effect in the antiferromagnetic insulator MnPS3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shiomi, Y.; Takashima, R.; Saitoh, E.

    2017-10-01

    A magnon Nernst effect, an antiferromagnetic analog of the magnon Hall effect in ferromagnetic insulators, has been studied experimentally for the layered antiferromagnetic insulator MnPS3 in contact with two Pt strips. Thermoelectric voltage in the Pt strips grown on MnPS3 single crystals exhibits nonmonotonic temperature dependence at low temperatures, which is unlikely to be explained by electronic origins in Pt but can be ascribed to the inverse spin Hall voltage induced by a magnon Nernst effect. Control of antiferromagnetic domains in the MnPS3 crystal by magnetoelectric cooling is found to modulate the low-temperature thermoelectric voltage in Pt, which is evidence consistent with the emergence of the magnon Nernst effect in Pt-MnPS3 hybrid structures.

  1. Spin Hall effects in metallic antiferromagnets – perspectives for future spin-orbitronics

    DOE PAGES

    Sklenar, Joseph; Zhang, Wei; Jungfleisch, Matthias B.; ...

    2016-03-07

    In this paper, we investigate angular dependent spin-orbit torques from the spin Hall effect in a metallic antiferromagnet using the spin-torque ferromagnetic resonance technique. The large spin Hall effect exists in PtMn, a prototypical CuAu-I-type metallic antiferromagnet. By applying epitaxial growth, we previously reported an appreciable difference in spin-orbit torques for c- and a-axis orientated samples, implying anisotropic effects in magnetically ordered materials. In this work we demonstrate through bipolar-magnetic-field experiments a small but noticeable asymmetric behavior in the spin-transfer-torque that appears as a hysteresis effect. Finally, we also suggest that metallic antiferromagnets may be good candidates for the investigationmore » of various unidirectional effects related to novel spin-orbitronics phenomena.« less

  2. Static and Dynamical Properties of Antiferromagnetic Skyrmions in the Presence of Applied Current and Temperature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barker, Joseph; Tretiakov, Oleg A.

    2016-04-01

    Skyrmions are topologically protected entities in magnetic materials which have the potential to be used in spintronics for information storage and processing. However, Skyrmions in ferromagnets have some intrinsic difficulties which must be overcome to use them for spintronic applications, such as the inability to move straight along current. We show that Skyrmions can also be stabilized and manipulated in antiferromagnetic materials. An antiferromagnetic Skyrmion is a compound topological object with a similar but of opposite sign spin texture on each sublattice, which, e.g., results in a complete cancellation of the Magnus force. We find that the composite nature of antiferromagnetic Skyrmions gives rise to different dynamical behavior due to both an applied current and temperature effects.

  3. Antiferromagnetic fluctuations in a quasi-two-dimensional organic superconductor detected by Raman spectroscopy.

    SciTech Connect

    Drichko, Natalia; Hackl, Rudi; Schlueter, John A.

    2015-10-15

    Using Raman scattering, the quasi-two-dimensional organic superconductor kappa-(BEDT-TTF)(2)Cu[N(CN)(2)]Br (T-c = 11.8 K) and the related antiferromagnet kappa-(BEDT-TTF)(2)Cu[N(CN)(2)]Cl are studied. Raman scattering provides unique spectroscopic information about magnetic degrees of freedom that has been otherwise unavailable on such organic conductors. Below T = 200 K a broad band at about 500 cm(-1) develops in both compounds. We identify this band with two-magnon excitation. The position and the temperature dependence of the spectral weight are similar in the antiferromagnet and in the metallic Fermi liquid. We conclude that antiferromagnetic correlations are similarly present in the magnetic insulator and the Fermi-liquid state ofmore » the superconductor.« less

  4. Controlling the switching field in nanomagnets by means of domain-engineered antiferromagnets

    DOE PAGES

    Folven, Eric; Linder, J.; Gomonay, O. V.; ...

    2015-09-14

    Using soft x-ray spectromicroscopy, we investigate the magnetic domain structure in embedded nanomagnets defined in La 0.7Sr 0.3MnO 3 thin films and LaFeO 3/La 0.7Sr 0.3MnO 3 bilayers. We find that shape-controlled antiferromagnetic domain states give rise to a significant reduction of the switching field of the rectangular nanomagnets. This is discussed within the framework of competition between an intrinsic spin-flop coupling and shape anisotropy. In conclusion, the data demonstrates that shape effects in antiferromagnets may be used to control the magnetic properties in nanomagnets.

  5. Emergence of ferromagnetism in antiferromagnetic TbMnO3 by epitaxial strain

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marti, X.; Skumryev, V.; Ferrater, C.; García-Cuenca, M. V.; Varela, M.; Sánchez, F.; Fontcuberta, J.

    2010-05-01

    We show that in oxide thin films of spiral antiferromagnetic orthorhombic TbMnO3, ferromagnetism emerges resulting from epitaxially induced strain. The unit cell volume can be tuned (contracting up to a 2%) by varying thickness and deposition conditions; it is found that the ferromagnetic response correlates with the unit cell deformation. Such effect of strain on the magnetic properties turns out to be similar to that occurring in collinear orthorhombic antiferromagnets such as YMnO3. Owing to the intimate relationship between magnetic order and ferroelectricity in TbMnO3 these results may provide a new route to induce magnetoelectric coupling and tailor their ferroelectric response.

  6. Strain effect on magnetic property of antiferromagnetic insulator SmFeO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuroda, M.; Tanahashi, N.; Hajiri, T.; Ueda, K.; Asano, H.

    2018-05-01

    Thin films and heterostructures of antiferromagnetic insulator SmFeO3 were fabricated on LaAlO3 (001) substrates by magnetron sputtering, and their structural, magnetic properties were investigated. It was found that epitaxially strained thin films showed a pronounced magnetic anisotropy with the enhanced magnetization up to 65 emu/cc, which is approximately ten times larger than the bulk value. The observed enhancement of magnetization was considered to be due to the lattice distortion and the non-collinear antiferromagnetic spin ordering of SmFeO3.

  7. Ground-state candidate for the classical dipolar kagome Ising antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chioar, I. A.; Rougemaille, N.; Canals, B.

    2016-06-01

    We have investigated the low-temperature thermodynamic properties of the classical dipolar kagome Ising antiferromagnet using Monte Carlo simulations, in the quest for the ground-state manifold. In spite of the limitations of a single-spin-flip approach, we managed to identify certain ordering patterns in the low-temperature regime and we propose a candidate for this unknown state. This configuration presents some intriguing features and is fully compatible with the extrapolations of the at-equilibrium thermodynamic behavior sampled so far, making it a very likely choice for the dipolar long-range ordered state of the classical kagome Ising antiferromagnet.

  8. Controlling the switching field in nanomagnets by means of domain-engineered antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Folven, E.; Linder, J.; Gomonay, O. V.; Scholl, A.; Doran, A.; Young, A. T.; Retterer, S. T.; Malik, V. K.; Tybell, T.; Takamura, Y.; Grepstad, J. K.

    2015-09-01

    Using soft x-ray spectromicroscopy, we investigate the magnetic domain structure in embedded nanomagnets defined in L a0.7S r0.3Mn O3 thin films and LaFe O3/L a0.7S r0.3Mn O3 bilayers. We find that shape-controlled antiferromagnetic domain states give rise to a significant reduction of the switching field of the rectangular nanomagnets. This is discussed within the framework of competition between an intrinsic spin-flop coupling and shape anisotropy. The data demonstrates that shape effects in antiferromagnets may be used to control the magnetic properties in nanomagnets.

  9. Equilibrium, metastability, and hysteresis in a model spin-crossover material with nearest-neighbor antiferromagnetic-like and long-range ferromagnetic-like interactions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rikvold, Per Arne; Brown, Gregory; Miyashita, Seiji; Omand, Conor; Nishino, Masamichi

    2016-02-01

    Phase diagrams and hysteresis loops were obtained by Monte Carlo simulations and a mean-field method for a simplified model of a spin-crossover material with a two-step transition between the high-spin and low-spin states. This model is a mapping onto a square-lattice S =1 /2 Ising model with antiferromagnetic nearest-neighbor and ferromagnetic Husimi-Temperley (equivalent-neighbor) long-range interactions. Phase diagrams obtained by the two methods for weak and strong long-range interactions are found to be similar. However, for intermediate-strength long-range interactions, the Monte Carlo simulations show that tricritical points decompose into pairs of critical end points and mean-field critical points surrounded by horn-shaped regions of metastability. Hysteresis loops along paths traversing the horn regions are strongly reminiscent of thermal two-step transition loops with hysteresis, recently observed experimentally in several spin-crossover materials. We believe analogous phenomena should be observable in experiments and simulations for many systems that exhibit competition between local antiferromagnetic-like interactions and long-range ferromagnetic-like interactions caused by elastic distortions.

  10. Equilibrium, metastability, and hysteresis in a model spin-crossover material with nearest-neighbor antiferromagnetic-like and long-range ferromagnetic-like interactions

    DOE PAGES

    Rikvold, Per Arne; Brown, Gregory; Miyashita, Seiji; ...

    2016-02-16

    Phase diagrams and hysteresis loops were obtained by Monte Carlo simulations and a mean- field method for a simplified model of a spin-crossovermaterialwith a two-step transition between the high-spin and low-spin states. This model is a mapping onto a square-lattice S = 1/2 Ising model with antiferromagnetic nearest-neighbor and ferromagnetic Husimi-Temperley ( equivalent-neighbor) long-range interactions. Phase diagrams obtained by the two methods for weak and strong long-range interactions are found to be similar. However, for intermediate-strength long-range interactions, the Monte Carlo simulations show that tricritical points decompose into pairs of critical end points and mean-field critical points surrounded by horn-shapedmore » regions of metastability. Hysteresis loops along paths traversing the horn regions are strongly reminiscent of thermal two-step transition loops with hysteresis, recently observed experimentally in several spin-crossover materials. As a result, we believe analogous phenomena should be observable in experiments and simulations for many systems that exhibit competition between local antiferromagnetic-like interactions and long-range ferromagnetic-like interactions caused by elastic distortions.« less

  11. Incommensurate to commensurate antiferromagnetism in CeRhAl 4 Si 2 : An Al 27 NMR study

    DOE PAGES

    Sakai, Hironori; Hattori, T.; Tokunaga, Y.; ...

    2016-01-04

    27Al nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments have been performed on a single crystal of CeRhAl 4Si 2, which is an antiferromagnetic Kondo-lattice compound with successive antiferromagnetic transitions of T N1 = 14 K and T N2 = 9 K at zero external field. In the paramagnetic state, the Knight shifts, quadrupolar frequency, and asymmetric parameter of electrical field gradient on the Al sites have been determined, which have local orthorhombic symmetry. The transferred hyperfine coupling constants are also determined. Here, analysis of the NMR spectra indicates that a commensurate antiferromagnetic structure exists below T N2, but an incommensurate modulation ofmore » antiferromagnetic moments is present in the antiferromagnetic state between T N1 and T N2. The spin-lattice relaxation rate suggests that the 4f electrons behave as local moments at temperatures above T N1.« less

  12. Spin Currents and Spin Orbit Torques in Ferromagnets and Antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hung, Yu-Ming

    This thesis focuses on the interactions of spin currents and materials with magnetic order, e.g., ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic thin films. The spin current is generated in two ways. First by spin-polarized conduction-electrons associated with the spin Hall effect in heavy metals (HMs) and, second, by exciting spin-waves in ferrimagnetic insulators using a microwave frequency magnetic field. A conduction-electron spin current can be generated by spin-orbit coupling in a heavy non-magnetic metal and transfer its spin angular momentum to a ferromagnet, providing a means of reversing the magnetization of perpendicularly magnetized ultrathin films with currents that flow in the plane of the layers. The torques on the magnetization are known as spin-orbit torques (SOT). In the first part of my thesis project I investigated and contrasted the quasistatic (slowly swept current) and pulsed current-induced switching characteristics of micrometer scale Hall crosses consisting of very thin (<1 nm) perpendicularly magnetized CoFeB layers on beta-Ta. While complete magnetization reversal occurs at a threshold current density in the quasistatic case, pulses with short duration (≤10 ns) and larger amplitude (≃10 times the quasistatic threshold current) lead to only partial magnetization reversal and domain formation. The partial reversal is associated with the limited time for reversed domain expansion during the pulse. The second part of my thesis project studies and considers applications of SOT-driven domain wall (DW) motion in a perpendicularly magnetized ultrathin ferromagnet sandwiched between a heavy metal and an oxide. My experiment results demonstrate that the DW motion can be explained by a combination of the spin Hall effect, which generates a SOT, and Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction, which stabilizes chiral Neel-type DW. Based on SOT-driven DW motion and magnetic coupling between electrically isolated ferromagnetic elements, I proposed a new type of spin

  13. Precessional switching of antiferromagnets by electric field induced Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya torque

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, T. H.; Grünberg, P.; Han, S. H.; Cho, B. K.

    2018-05-01

    Antiferromagnetic insulators (AFIs) have attracted much interest from many researchers as promising candidates for use in ultrafast, ultralow-dissipation spintronic devices. As a fast method of reversing magnetization, precessional switching is realized when antiferromagnetic Néel orders l =(s1+s2 )/2 surmount the magnetic anisotropy or potential barrier in a given magnetic system, which is described well by the antiferromagnetic plane pendulum (APP) model. Here, we report that, as an alternative switching scenario, the direct coupling of an electric field with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) interaction, which stems from spin-orbit coupling, is exploited for optimal switching. We derive the pendulum equation of motion of antiferromagnets, where DM torque is induced by a pulsed electric field. The temporal DM interaction is found to not only be in the form of magnetic torques (e.g., spin-orbit torque or magnetic field) but also modifies the magnetic potential that limits l 's activity; as a result, appropriate controls (e.g., direction, magnitude, and pulse shape) of the induced DM vector realize deterministic reversal in APP. The results present an approach for the control of a magnetic storage device by means of an electric field.

  14. High-frequency effects in antiferromagnetic Sr3Ir2O7

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Williamson, Morgan; Seinige, Heidi; Shen, Shida; Wang, Cheng; Cao, Gang; Zhou, Jianshi; Goodenough, John; Tsoi, Maxim

    Antiferromagnetic (AFM) spintronics is one of many promising routes for `beyond the CMOS' technologies where unique properties of AFM materials are exploited to achieve new and improved functionalities. AFMs are especially interesting for high-speed memory applications thanks to their high natural frequencies. Here we report the effects of high-frequency (microwave) currents on transport properties of antiferromagnetic Mott insulator Sr3Ir2O7. The microwaves at 3-7 GHz were found to affect the material's current-voltage characteristic and produce resonance-like features that we tentatively associate with the dissipationless magnonics recently predicted to occur in antiferromagnetic insulators subject to ac electric fields. Our observations support the potential of antiferromagnetic materials for high-speed/high-frequency spintronic applications. This work was supported in part by C-SPIN, one of six centers of STARnet, a Semiconductor Research Corporation program, sponsored by MARCO and DARPA, by NSF Grants DMR-1207577, DMR-1265162, DMR-1600057, and DMR-1122603, and by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Office of Sponsored Research (OSR) under Award No. OSR-2015-CRG4-2626.

  15. Magnetic correlations in the intermetallic antiferromagnet Nd3Co4Sn13

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, C. W.; Lin, J. W.; Lue, C. S.; Liu, H. F.; Kuo, C. N.; Mole, R. A.; Gardner, J. S.

    2017-11-01

    Specific heat, magnetic susceptibility, and neutron scattering have been used to investigate the nature of the spin system in the antiferromagnet Nd3Co4Sn13. At room temperature Nd3Co4Sn13 has a cubic, Pm-3n structure similar to Yb3Rh4Sn13. Antiferromagnetic interactions between, Nd3+ ions dominate the magnetic character of this sample and at 2.4 K the Nd spins enter a long range order state with a magnetic propagation vector q  =  (0 0 0) with an ordered moment of 1.78(2) µ B at 1.5 K. The magnetic Bragg intensity grows very slowly below 1 K, reaching ~2.4 µ B at 350 mK. The average magnetic Nd3+ configuration corresponds to the 3D irreducible representation Γ7. This magnetic structure can be viewed as three sublattices of antiferromagnetic spin chains coupled with each other in the 120°-configuration. A well-defined magnetic excitation was measured around the 1 1 1 zone centre and the resulting dispersion curve is appropriate for an antiferromagnet with a gap of 0.20(1) meV.

  16. Materials, Devices and Spin Transfer Torque in Antiferromagnetic Spintronics: A Concise Review

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Coileáin, Cormac Ó.; Wu, Han Chun

    From historical obscurity, antiferromagnets are recently enjoying revived interest, as antiferromagnetic (AFM) materials may allow the continued reduction in size of spintronic devices. They have the benefit of being insensitive to parasitic external magnetic fields, while displaying high read/write speeds, and thus poised to become an integral part of the next generation of logical devices and memory. They are currently employed to preserve the magnetoresistive qualities of some ferromagnetic based giant or tunnel magnetoresistance systems. However, the question remains how the magnetic states of an antiferromagnet can be efficiently manipulated and detected. Here, we reflect on AFM materials for their use in spintronics, in particular, newly recognized antiferromagnet Mn2Au with its in-plane anisotropy and tetragonal structure and high Néel temperature. These attributes make it one of the most promising candidates for AFM spintronics thus far with the possibility of architectures freed from the need for ferromagnetic (FM) elements. Here, we discuss its potential for use in ferromagnet-free spintronic devices.

  17. Breakdown of antiferromagnet order in polycrystalline NiFe/NiO bilayers probed with acoustic emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lebyodkin, M. A.; Lebedkina, T. A.; Shashkov, I. V.; Gornakov, V. S.

    2017-07-01

    Magnetization reversal of polycrystalline NiFe/NiO bilayers was investigated using magneto-optical indicator film imaging and acoustic emission techniques. Sporadic acoustic signals were detected in a constant magnetic field after the magnetization reversal. It is suggested that they are related to elastic waves excited by sharp shocks in the NiO layer with strong magnetostriction. Their probability depends on the history and number of repetitions of the field cycling, thus testifying the thermal-activation nature of the long-time relaxation of an antiferromagnetic order. These results provide evidence of spontaneous thermally activated switching of the antiferromagnetic order in NiO grains during magnetization reversal in ferromagnet/antiferromagnet (FM/AFM) heterostructures. The respective deformation modes are discussed in terms of the thermal fluctuation aftereffect in the Fulcomer and Charap model which predicts that irreversible breakdown of the original spin orientation can take place in some antiferromagnetic grains with disordered anisotropy axes during magnetization reversal of exchange-coupled FM/AFM structures. The spin reorientation in the saturated state may induce abrupt distortion of isolated metastable grains because of the NiO magnetostriction, leading to excitation of shock waves and formation of plate (or Lamb) waves.

  18. Superconductivity in the vicinity of antiferromagnetic order in CrAs.

    PubMed

    Wu, Wei; Cheng, Jinguang; Matsubayashi, Kazuyuki; Kong, Panpan; Lin, Fukun; Jin, Changqing; Wang, Nanlin; Uwatoko, Yoshiya; Luo, Jianlin

    2014-11-19

    One of the common features of unconventional superconducting systems such as the heavy-fermion, high transition-temperature cuprate and iron-pnictide superconductors is that the superconductivity emerges in the vicinity of long-range antiferromagnetically ordered state. In addition to doping charge carriers, the application of external pressure is an effective and clean approach to induce unconventional superconductivity near a magnetic quantum critical point. Here we report on the discovery of superconductivity on the verge of antiferromagnetic order in CrAs via the application of external pressure. Bulk superconductivity with Tc≈2 K emerges at the critical pressure Pc≈8 kbar, where the first-order antiferromagnetic transition at T(N)≈265 K under ambient pressure is completely suppressed. The close proximity of superconductivity to an antiferromagnetic order suggests an unconventional pairing mechanism for CrAs. The present finding opens a new avenue for searching novel superconductors in the Cr and other transition metal-based systems.

  19. Magnon Spin-Momentum Locking: Various Spin Vortices and Dirac magnons in Noncollinear Antiferromagnets.

    PubMed

    Okuma, Nobuyuki

    2017-09-08

    We generalize the concept of the spin-momentum locking to magnonic systems and derive the formula to calculate the spin expectation value for one-magnon states of general two-body spin Hamiltonians. We give no-go conditions for magnon spin to be independent of momentum. As examples of the magnon spin-momentum locking, we analyze a one-dimensional antiferromagnet with the Néel order and two-dimensional kagome lattice antiferromagnets with the 120° structure. We find that the magnon spin depends on its momentum even when the Hamiltonian has the z-axis spin rotational symmetry, which can be explained in the context of a singular band point or a U(1) symmetry breaking. A spin vortex in momentum space generated in a kagome lattice antiferromagnet has the winding number Q=-2, while the typical one observed in topological insulator surface states is characterized by Q=+1. A magnonic analogue of the surface states, the Dirac magnon with Q=+1, is found in another kagome lattice antiferromagnet. We also derive the sum rule for Q by using the Poincaré-Hopf index theorem.

  20. Real-space imaging of non-collinear antiferromagnetic order with a single-spin magnetometer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gross, I.; Akhtar, W.; Garcia, V.; Martínez, L. J.; Chouaieb, S.; Garcia, K.; Carrétéro, C.; Barthélémy, A.; Appel, P.; Maletinsky, P.; Kim, J.-V.; Chauleau, J. Y.; Jaouen, N.; Viret, M.; Bibes, M.; Fusil, S.; Jacques, V.

    2017-09-01

    Although ferromagnets have many applications, their large magnetization and the resulting energy cost for switching magnetic moments bring into question their suitability for reliable low-power spintronic devices. Non-collinear antiferromagnetic systems do not suffer from this problem, and often have extra functionalities: non-collinear spin order may break space-inversion symmetry and thus allow electric-field control of magnetism, or may produce emergent spin-orbit effects that enable efficient spin-charge interconversion. To harness these traits for next-generation spintronics, the nanoscale control and imaging capabilities that are now routine for ferromagnets must be developed for antiferromagnetic systems. Here, using a non-invasive, scanning single-spin magnetometer based on a nitrogen-vacancy defect in diamond, we demonstrate real-space visualization of non-collinear antiferromagnetic order in a magnetic thin film at room temperature. We image the spin cycloid of a multiferroic bismuth ferrite (BiFeO3) thin film and extract a period of about 70 nanometres, consistent with values determined by macroscopic diffraction. In addition, we take advantage of the magnetoelectric coupling present in BiFeO3 to manipulate the cycloid propagation direction by an electric field. Besides highlighting the potential of nitrogen-vacancy magnetometry for imaging complex antiferromagnetic orders at the nanoscale, these results demonstrate how BiFeO3 can be used in the design of reconfigurable nanoscale spin textures.

  1. Gapless spin excitations in the S = 1 / 2 Kagome- and triangular-lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sakai, Tôru; Nakano, Hiroki

    2018-05-01

    The S = 1 / 2 kagome- and triangular-lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnets are investigated using the numerical exact diagonalization and the finite-size scaling analysis. The behaviour of the field derivative at zero magnetization is examined for both systems. The present result indicates that the spin excitation is gapless for each system.

  2. Spin caloric effects in antiferromagnets assisted by an external spin current

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gomonay, O.; Yamamoto, Kei; Sinova, Jairo

    2018-07-01

    Searching for novel spin caloric effects in antiferromagnets, we study the properties of thermally activated magnons in the presence of an external spin current and temperature gradient. We predict the spin Peltier effect—generation of a heat flux by spin accumulation—in an antiferromagnetic insulator with cubic or uniaxial magnetic symmetry. This effect is related to the spin-current induced splitting of the relaxation times of the magnons with the opposite spin direction. We show that the Peltier effect can trigger antiferromagnetic domain wall motion with a force whose value grows with the temperature of a sample. At a temperature larger than the energy of the low-frequency magnons, this force is much larger than the force caused by direct spin transfer between the spin current and the domain wall. We also demonstrate that the external spin current can induce the magnon spin Seebeck effect. The corresponding Seebeck coefficient is controlled by the current density. These spin-current assisted caloric effects open new ways for the manipulation of the magnetic states in antiferromagnets.

  3. From antiferromagnetic insulator to correlated metal in pressurized and doped LaMnPO.

    PubMed

    Simonson, J W; Yin, Z P; Pezzoli, M; Guo, J; Liu, J; Post, K; Efimenko, A; Hollmann, N; Hu, Z; Lin, H-J; Chen, C-T; Marques, C; Leyva, V; Smith, G; Lynn, J W; Sun, L L; Kotliar, G; Basov, D N; Tjeng, L H; Aronson, M C

    2012-07-03

    Widespread adoption of superconducting technologies awaits the discovery of new materials with enhanced properties, especially higher superconducting transition temperatures T(c). The unexpected discovery of high T(c) superconductivity in cuprates suggests that the highest T(c)s occur when pressure or doping transform the localized and moment-bearing electrons in antiferromagnetic insulators into itinerant carriers in a metal, where magnetism is preserved in the form of strong correlations. The absence of this transition in Fe-based superconductors may limit their T(c)s, but even larger T(c)s may be possible in their isostructural Mn analogs, which are antiferromagnetic insulators like the cuprates. It is generally believed that prohibitively large pressures would be required to suppress the effects of the strong Hund's rule coupling in these Mn-based compounds, collapsing the insulating gap and enabling superconductivity. Indeed, no Mn-based compounds are known to be superconductors. The electronic structure calculations and X-ray diffraction measurements presented here challenge these long held beliefs, finding that only modest pressures are required to transform LaMnPO, isostructural to superconducting host LaFeAsO, from an antiferromagnetic insulator to a metallic antiferromagnet, where the Mn moment vanishes in a second pressure-driven transition. Proximity to these charge and moment delocalization transitions in LaMnPO results in a highly correlated metallic state, the familiar breeding ground of superconductivity.

  4. Direct observation of the alignment of ferromagnetic spins by antiferromagnetic spins

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nolting, F.; Scholl, A.; Stöhr, J.; Seo, J. W.; Fompeyrine, J.; Siegwart, H.; Locquet, J.-P.; Anders, S.; Lüning, J.; Fullerton, E. E.; Toney, M. F.; Scheinfein, M. R.; Padmore, H. A.

    2000-06-01

    The arrangement of spins at interfaces in a layered magnetic material often has an important effect on the properties of the material. One example of this is the directional coupling between the spins in an antiferromagnet and those in an adjacent ferromagnet, an effect first discovered in 1956 and referred to as exchange bias. Because of its technological importance for the development of advanced devices such as magnetic read heads and magnetic memory cells, this phenomenon has received much attention. Despite extensive studies, however, exchange bias is still poorly understood, largely due to the lack of techniques capable of providing detailed information about the arrangement of magnetic moments near interfaces. Here we present polarization-dependent X-ray magnetic dichroism spectro-microscopy that reveals the micromagnetic structure on both sides of a ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic interface. Images of thin ferromagnetic Co films grown on antiferromagnetic LaFeO3 show a direct link between the arrangement of spins in each material. Remanent hysteresis loops, recorded for individual ferromagnetic domains, show a local exchange bias. Our results imply that the alignment of the ferromagnetic spins is determined, domain by domain, by the spin directions in the underlying antiferromagnetic layer.

  5. Magnon Spin-Momentum Locking: Various Spin Vortices and Dirac magnons in Noncollinear Antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Okuma, Nobuyuki

    2017-09-01

    We generalize the concept of the spin-momentum locking to magnonic systems and derive the formula to calculate the spin expectation value for one-magnon states of general two-body spin Hamiltonians. We give no-go conditions for magnon spin to be independent of momentum. As examples of the magnon spin-momentum locking, we analyze a one-dimensional antiferromagnet with the Néel order and two-dimensional kagome lattice antiferromagnets with the 120° structure. We find that the magnon spin depends on its momentum even when the Hamiltonian has the z -axis spin rotational symmetry, which can be explained in the context of a singular band point or a U (1 ) symmetry breaking. A spin vortex in momentum space generated in a kagome lattice antiferromagnet has the winding number Q =-2 , while the typical one observed in topological insulator surface states is characterized by Q =+1 . A magnonic analogue of the surface states, the Dirac magnon with Q =+1 , is found in another kagome lattice antiferromagnet. We also derive the sum rule for Q by using the Poincaré-Hopf index theorem.

  6. Spin transfer and spin pumping in disordered normal metal-antiferromagnetic insulator systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gulbrandsen, Sverre A.; Brataas, Arne

    2018-02-01

    We consider an antiferromagnetic insulator that is in contact with a metal. Spin accumulation in the metal can induce spin-transfer torques on the staggered field and on the magnetization in the antiferromagnet. These torques relate to spin pumping: the emission of spin currents into the metal by a precessing antiferromagnet. We investigate how the various components of the spin-transfer torque are affected by spin-independent disorder and spin-flip scattering in the metal. Spin-conserving disorder reduces the coupling between the spins in the antiferromagnet and the itinerant spins in the metal in a manner similar to Ohm's law. Spin-flip scattering leads to spin-memory loss with a reduced spin-transfer torque. We discuss the concept of a staggered spin current and argue that it is not a conserved quantity. Away from the interface, the staggered spin current varies around a 0 mean in an irregular manner. A network model explains the rapid decay of the staggered spin current.

  7. Exotic phases of frustrated antiferromagnet LiCu2O2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bush, A. A.; Büttgen, N.; Gippius, A. A.; Horvatić, M.; Jeong, M.; Kraetschmer, W.; Marchenko, V. I.; Sakhratov, Yu. A.; Svistov, L. E.

    2018-02-01

    7Li NMR spectra were measured in a magnetic field up to 17 T at temperatures 5-30 K on single crystalline LiCu2O2 . Earlier reported anomalies on magnetization curves correspond to magnetic field values where we observe changes of the NMR spectral shape. For the interpretation of the field and temperature evolutions of our NMR spectra, the magnetic structures were analyzed in the frame of the phenomenological theoretical approach of the Dzyaloshinskii-Landau theory. A set of possible planar and collinear structures was obtained. Most of these structures have an unusual configuration; they are characterized by a two-component order parameter and their magnetic moments vary harmonically not only in direction, but also in size. From the modeling of the observed spectra, a possible scenario of magnetic structure transformations is obtained.

  8. Critical quasiparticle theory applied to heavy fermion metals near an antiferromagnetic quantum phase transition

    PubMed Central

    Abrahams, Elihu; Wölfle, Peter

    2012-01-01

    We use the recently developed critical quasiparticle theory to derive the scaling behavior associated with a quantum critical point in a correlated metal. This is applied to the magnetic-field induced quantum critical point observed in YbRh2Si2, for which we also derive the critical behavior of the specific heat, resistivity, thermopower, magnetization and susceptibility, the Grüneisen coefficient, and the thermal expansion coefficient. The theory accounts very well for the available experimental results. PMID:22331893

  9. Nonlinear magnetoelectric effect and magnetostriction in piezoelectric CsCuCl{sub 3} in paramagnetic and antiferromagnetic states

    SciTech Connect

    Kharkovskiy, A. I., E-mail: akharkovskiy@inbox.ru; L.F. Vereshchagin Institute for High Pressure Physics RAS, 142190 Troitsk, Moscow; Shaldin, Yu. V.

    2016-01-07

    The direct nonlinear magnetoelectric (ME) effect and the magnetostriction of piezoelectric CsCuCl{sub 3} single crystals were comprehensively studied over a wide temperature range in stationary magnetic fields of up to 14 T. The direct nonlinear ME effect measurements were also performed in pulsed magnetic fields up to 31 T, at liquid helium temperature in the antiferromagnetic (AF) state for the crystallographic direction in which effect has the maximum value. The nonlinear ME effect was quadratic in the paramagnetic state for the whole range of magnetic fields. In the AF state the phase transition between different configurations of spins manifested itself as plateau-likemore » peculiarity on the nonlinear ME effect. The nonlinear ME effect was saturated by the phase transition to the spin-saturated paramagnetic state. Two contributions to the nonlinear ME effects in CsCuCl{sub 3} were extracted from the experimental data: the intrinsic ME effect originated from the magnetoelectric interactions, and the extrinsic one, which resulted from a magnetostriction-induced piezoelectric effect.« less

  10. Robust antiferromagnetism preventing superconductivity in pressurized (Ba 0.61K 0.39)Mn 2Bi 2

    DOE PAGES

    Gu, Dachun; Dai, Xia; Le, Congcong; ...

    2014-12-05

    BaMn 2Bi 2 possesses an iso-structure of iron pnictide superconductors and similar antiferromagnetic (AFM) ground state to that of cuprates, therefore, it receives much more attention on its properties and is expected to be the parent compound of a new family of superconductors. When doped with potassium (K), BaMn 2Bi 2 undergoes a transition from an AFM insulator to an AFM metal. Consequently, it is of great interest to suppress the AFM order in the K-doped BaMn 2Bi 2 with the aim of exploring the potential superconductivity. Here, we report that external pressure up to 35.6 GPa cannot suppress themore » AFM order in the K-doped BaMn 2Bi 2 to develop superconductivity in the temperature range of 300 K–1.5 K, but induces a tetragonal (T) to an orthorhombic (OR) phase transition at ~20 GPa. Theoretical calculations for the T and OR phases, on basis of our high-pressure XRD data, indicate that the AFM order is robust in the pressurized Ba 0.61K 0.39Mn 2Bi 2. Utlimately, both of our experimental and theoretical results suggest that the robust AFM order essentially prevents the emergence of superconductivity.« less

  11. Mapping the phase inhomogeneity across first order spin flop transition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tripathi, Malvika; Majumder, Supriyo; Choudhary, R. J.; Phase, D. M.

    2018-04-01

    As a consequence of spin reorientation phase transition (SRPT, TSRPT = 34K) in SmCrO3, the two phases, high temperature uncompensated anti-ferromagnetic Γ4 configuration and low temperature collinear anti-ferromagnetic phase Γ1 coexist in the vicinity of transition. The observed unexpectedly huge coercivity (Hc ˜2T) below SRPT at 25K questions on the behavior of two co-existing phases. In the present study, we have used the FORC diagrams to monitor the distribution of clusters related to different phases and to understand the nature of interaction among the clusters of distinct phases. We observed that the nature of interaction has indeed magnetic effect and the pining across phase boundaries may cause the enhancement of coercivity at 25K.

  12. Properties of spin-1/2 triangular-lattice antiferromagnets CuY2Ge2O8 and CuLa2Ge2O8

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cho, Hwanbeom; Kratochvílová, Marie; Sim, Hasung; Choi, Ki-Young; Kim, Choong Hyun; Paulsen, Carley; Avdeev, Maxim; Peets, Darren C.; Jo, Younghun; Lee, Sanghyun; Noda, Yukio; Lawler, Michael J.; Park, Je-Geun

    2017-04-01

    We found new two-dimensional (2D) quantum (S =1 /2 ) antiferromagnetic systems: Cu R E2G e2O8 (R E =Y and La). According to our analysis of high-resolution x-ray and neutron diffraction experiments, the Cu network of Cu R E2G e2O8 (R E =Y and La) exhibits a 2D triangular lattice linked via weak bonds along the perpendicular b axis. Our bulk characterizations from 0.08 to 400 K show that they undergo a long-range order at 0.51(1) and 1.09(4) K for the Y and La systems, respectively. Interestingly, they also exhibit field induced phase transitions. For theoretical understanding, we carried out the density functional theory (DFT) band calculations to find that they are typical charge-transfer-type insulators with a gap of Eg≅2 eV . Taken together, our observations make Cu R E2G e2O8 (R E =Y and La) additional examples of low-dimensional quantum spin triangular antiferromagnets with the low-temperature magnetic ordering.

  13. Partially disordered antiferromagnetism and multiferroic behavior in a frustrated Ising system CoCl 2 – 2 SC ( NH 2 ) 2

    DOE PAGES

    Mun, Eundeok; Weickert, Dagmar Franziska; Kim, Jaewook; ...

    2016-03-01

    We investigate partially disordered antiferromagnetism in CoCl 2-2SC(NH 2) 2, in which ab-plane hexagonal layers are staggered along the c axis rather than stacked. A robust 1/3 state forms in applied magnetic fields in which the spins are locked, varying as a function of neither temperature nor field. By contrast, in zero field and applied fields at higher temperatures, partial antiferromagnetic order occurs, in which free spins are available to create a Curie-like magnetic susceptibility. We report measurements of the crystallographic structure and the specific heat, magnetization, and electric polarization down to T = 50mK and up to μ0H =more » 60T. The Co 2+ S = 3/2 spins are Ising-like and form distorted hexagonal layers. The Ising energy scale is well separated from the magnetic exchange, and both energy scales are accessible to the measurements, allowing us to cleanly parametrize them. In transverse fields, a quantum Ising phase transition can be observed at 2 T. Lastly, we find that magnetic exchange striction induces changes in the electric polarization up to 3μC/m 2, and single-ion magnetic anisotropy effects induce a much larger electric polarization change of 300μC/m 2.« less

  14. Magnetoelectric effect in antiferromagnetic multiferroic Pb (F e1 /2N b1 /2)O3 and its solid solutions with PbTi O3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Laguta, V. V.; Stephanovich, V. A.; Raevski, I. P.; Raevskaya, S. I.; Titov, V. V.; Smotrakov, V. G.; Eremkin, V. V.

    2017-01-01

    Antiferromagnets (AFMs) are presently considered as promising materials for applications in spintronics and random access memories due to the robustness of information stored in the AFM state against perturbing magnetic fields. In this respect, AFM multiferroics may be attractive alternatives for conventional AFMs as the coupling of magnetism with ferroelectricity (magnetoelectric effect) offers an elegant possibility of electric-field control and switching of AFM domains. Here we report the results of comprehensive experimental and theoretical investigations of the quadratic magnetoelectric (ME) effect in single crystals and highly resistive ceramics of Pb (F e1 /2N b1 /2)O3 (PFN) and (1 -x ) Pb (F e1 /2N b1 /2) O3-x PbTi O3(PFN -x PT ) . We are interested primarily in the temperature range of the multiferroic phase, T <150 K , where the ME coupling coefficient is extremely large (as compared to the well-known multiferroic BiFe O3 ) and shows sign reversal at the paramagnetic-to-antiferromagnetic phase transition. Moreover, we observe strong ME response nonlinearity in the AFM phase in the magnetic fields of only a few kOe. To describe the temperature and magnetic field dependencies of the above unusual features of the ME effect in PFN and PFN-x PT , we use a simple phenomenological Landau approach which explains experimental data surprisingly well. Our ME measurements demonstrate that the electric field of only 20-25 kV/cm is able to switch the AFM domains and align them with ferroelectric ones even in PFN ceramic samples.

  15. Ab initio investigation of competing antiferromagnetic structures in low Si-content FeMn(PSi) alloy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Guijiang; Eriksson, Olle; Johansson, Börje; Vitos, Levente

    2016-06-01

    The antiferromagnetic structures of a low Si-content FeMn(PSi) alloy were investigated by first principles calculations. One possible antiferromagnetic structure in supercell along the c-axis was revealed in FeMnP0.75Si0.25 alloy. It was found that atomic disorder occupation between Fe atom on 3f and Mn atoms on 3g sites is responsible for the formation of antiferromagnetic structures. Furthermore the magnetic competition and the coupling between possible AFM supercells along the c and a-axis can promote a non-collinear antiferromagnetic structure. These theoretical investigations help to deeply understand the magnetic order in FeMn(PSi) alloys and benefit to explore the potential magnetocaloric materials in Fe2P-type alloys.

  16. Magnetic structure of the mixed antiferromagnet NdMn 0.8 Fe 0.2 O 3

    SciTech Connect

    Mihalik, Matus; Mihalik, Marian; Hoser, Andreas

    The magnetic structure of the mixed antiferromagnet NdMn 0.8Fe 0.2O 3 was resolved. Neutron powder diffraction data definitively resolve the Mn sublattice with a magnetic propagation vector k=(000) and with the magnetic structure (A x, F y, G z) for 1.6 K N(≈ 59 K). The Nd sublattice has a (0, f y, 0) contribution in the same temperature interval. The Mn sublattice undergoes a spin-reorientation transition at T 1 ≈ 13 K while the Nd magnetic moment abruptly increases at this temperature. Powder x-ray diffraction shows a strong magnetoelastic effect at T N but no additional structural phase transitionsmore » from 3 to 300 K. Density functional theory calculations confirm the magnetic structure of the undoped NdMnO 3 as part of our analysis. Taken together, these results show that the magnetic structure of the Mn sublattice in NdMn 0.8Fe 0.2O 3 is a combination of the Mn and Fe parent compounds, but the magnetic ordering of the Nd sublattice spans a broader temperature interval than in the case of NdMnO 3 and NdFeO 3. Lastly, this result is a consequence of the fact that the Nd ions do not order independently, but via polarization from the Mn/Fe sublattice.« less

  17. Interfacial superconductivity in a bi-collinear antiferromagnetically ordered FeTe monolayer on a topological insulator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Manna, S.; Kamlapure, A.; Cornils, L.; Hänke, T.; Hedegaard, E. M. J.; Bremholm, M.; Iversen, B. B.; Hofmann, Ph.; Wiebe, J.; Wiesendanger, R.

    2017-01-01

    The discovery of high-temperature superconductivity in Fe-based compounds triggered numerous investigations on the interplay between superconductivity and magnetism, and on the enhancement of transition temperatures through interface effects. It is widely believed that the emergence of optimal superconductivity is intimately linked to the suppression of long-range antiferromagnetic (AFM) order, although the exact microscopic picture remains elusive because of the lack of atomically resolved data. Here we present spin-polarized scanning tunnelling spectroscopy of ultrathin FeTe1-xSex (x=0, 0.5) films on bulk topological insulators. Surprisingly, we find an energy gap at the Fermi level, indicating superconducting correlations up to Tc~6 K for one unit cell FeTe grown on Bi2Te3, in contrast to the non-superconducting bulk FeTe. The gap spatially coexists with bi-collinear AFM order. This finding opens perspectives for theoretical studies of competing orders in Fe-based superconductors and for experimental investigations of exotic phases in superconducting layers on topological insulators.

  18. Search for the elusive magnetic state of hexagonal iron: The antiferromagnetic Fe71Ru29 hcp alloy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Petrillo, C.; Postorino, P.; Orecchini, A.; Sacchetti, F.

    2018-03-01

    The magnetic states of iron and their dependence on crystal structure represent an important case study for the physics of magnetism and its role in fundamental and applied science, including geophysical sciences. hcp iron is the most elusive structure as it exists only at high pressure but, at the same time, it is expected to be stable up to very high temperature. Exploring the magnetic state of pure Fe at high pressure is difficult and no conclusive results have been obtained. Simple binary alloys where the hexagonal phase of Fe is stabilized, offer a more controllable alternative to investigate iron magnetism. We carried out a neutron diffraction experiment on hcp Fe71Ru29 disordered alloy as a function of temperature. Fe in the hexagonal lattice of this specific alloy results to be antiferromagnetically aligned with a rather complex structure and a small magnetic moment. The temperature dependence suggests a Néel temperature TN = 124 ± 10 K, a value consistent with the low magnetic moment of 1.04 ± 0.10 μB obtained from the diffraction data that also suggest a non-commensurate magnetic structure with magnetic moments probably aligned along the c axis. The present data provide evidence for magnetic ordering in hcp Fe and support the theoretical description of magnetism of pure Fe at high pressure.

  19. Temperature dependence of the enhanced inverse spin Hall voltage in Pt/Antiferromagnetic/ Y3Fe5O12

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brangham, J. T.; Lee, A. J.; Cheng, Y.; Yu, S. S.; Dunsiger, S. R.; Page, M. R.; Hammel, P. C.; Yang, F. Y.

    The generation, propagation, and detection of spin currents are of intense interest in the field of spintronics. Spin current generation by FMR spin pumping using Y3Fe5O12 (YIG) and spin current detection by the inverse spin Hall effect (ISHE) in metals such as Pt have been well studied. This is due to YIG's exceptionally low damping and insulating behavior and the large spin Hall angle of Pt. Previously, our group showed that the ISHE voltages are significantly enhanced by adding a thin intermediate layer of an antiferromagnet (AFM) between Pt and YIG at room temperature. Recent theoretical work predicts a mechanism for this enhancement as well as the temperature dependence of the ISHE voltages of metal/AFM/YIG trilayers. The predictions show a maximum in the ISHE voltages for these systems near the magnetic phase transition temperature of the AFM. Here we present experimental results showing the temperature dependence for Pt/AFM/YIG structures with various AFMs. DOE Grant No. DE-SC0001304.

  20. Lattice distortion and stripelike antiferromagnetic order in Ca10(Pt3As8)(Fe2As2)5

    SciTech Connect

    Sapkota, Aashish; Tucker, Gregory S; Ramazanoglu, Mehmet

    2014-09-01

    Ca10(Pt3As8)(Fe2As2)5 is the parent compound for a class of Fe-based high-temperature superconductors where superconductivity with transition temperatures up to 30 K can be introduced by partial element substitution. We present a combined high-resolution high-energy x-ray diffraction and elastic neutron scattering study on a Ca10(Pt3As8)(Fe2As2)5 single crystal. This study reveals the microscopic nature of two distinct and continuous phase transitions to be very similar to other Fe-based high-temperature superconductors: an orthorhombic distortion of the high-temperature tetragonal Fe-As lattice below TS=110(2) K followed by stripelike antiferromagnetic ordering of the Fe moments below TN=96(2) K. These findings demonstrate that major features of themore » Fe-based high-temperature superconductors are very robust against variations in chemical constitution as well as structural imperfection of the layers separating the Fe-As layers from each other and confirms that the Fe-As layers primarily determine the physics in this class of material.« less

  1. Unconventional quantum antiferromagnetism with a fourfold symmetry breaking in a spin-1/2 Ising-Heisenberg pentagonal chain

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karľová, Katarína; Strečka, Jozef; Lyra, Marcelo L.

    2018-03-01

    The spin-1/2 Ising-Heisenberg pentagonal chain is investigated with use of the star-triangle transformation, which establishes a rigorous mapping equivalence with the effective spin-1/2 Ising zigzag ladder. The investigated model has a rich ground-state phase diagram including two spectacular quantum antiferromagnetic ground states with a fourfold broken symmetry. It is demonstrated that these long-period quantum ground states arise due to a competition between the effective next-nearest-neighbor and nearest-neighbor interactions of the corresponding spin-1/2 Ising zigzag ladder. The concurrence is used to quantify the bipartite entanglement between the nearest-neighbor Heisenberg spin pairs, which are quantum-mechanically entangled in two quantum ground states with or without spontaneously broken symmetry. The pair correlation functions between the nearest-neighbor Heisenberg spins as well as the next-nearest-neighbor and nearest-neighbor Ising spins were investigated with the aim to bring insight into how a relevant short-range order manifests itself at low enough temperatures. It is shown that the specific heat displays temperature dependencies with either one or two separate round maxima.

  2. Relationship between Magnetic Anisotropy below Pseudogap Temperature and Short-Range Antiferromagnetic Order in High-Temperature Cuprate Superconductor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morinari, Takao

    2018-06-01

    The central issue in high-temperature cuprate superconductors is the pseudogap state appearing below the pseudogap temperature T*, which is well above the superconducting transition temperature. In this study, we theoretically investigate the rapid increase of the magnetic anisotropy below the pseudogap temperature detected by the recent torque-magnetometry measurements on YBa2Cu3Oy [Y. Sato et al., Nat. Phys. 13, 1074 (2017)]. Applying the spin Green's function formalism including the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction arising from the buckling of the CuO2 plane, we obtain results that are in good agreement with the experiment and find a scaling relationship. Our analysis suggests that the characteristic temperature associated with the magnetic anisotropy, which coincides with T*, is not a phase transition temperature but a crossover temperature associated with the short-range antiferromagnetic order.

  3. Influence of hopping self-energy effects and quasiparticle degradation on the antiferromagnetic ordering in the bilayer honeycomb Hubbard model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Honerkamp, Carsten

    2017-12-01

    We study the Hubbard model on the AB-stacked bilayer honeycomb lattice with a repulsive on-site interaction U in second-order perturbation theory and in self-consistent random phase approximation. We determine the changes in the antiferromagnetic magnetic ordering tendencies due to the real and imaginary parts of the self-energy at the band crossing points. In particular, we present an estimate for the threshold value U* below which the magnetic order is endangered by the splitting of the quadratic band touching points into four Dirac points by an interaction-induced interlayer skew hopping. For most of the parameter space, however, the quasiparticle degradation by the frequency-dependence of the sublattice-diagonal self-energies and the Dirac-cone steepening are more essential for suppressing the AF ordering tendencies considerably. Our results might help to understand the energy scales obtained in renormalization group treatments of the same model and shed light on recent quantum Monte Carlo investigations about the fate of the magnetic ordering down to lower U .

  4. Pressure-tuned quantum criticality in the antiferromagnetic Kondo semimetal CeNi 2–δAs 2

    DOE PAGES

    Luo, Yongkang; Ronning, F.; Wakeham, N.; ...

    2015-10-19

    The easily tuned balance among competing interactions in Kondo-lattice metals allows access to a zero-temperature, continuous transition between magnetically ordered and disordered phases, a quantum-critical point (QCP). Indeed, these highly correlated electron materials are prototypes for discovering and exploring quantum-critical states. Theoretical models proposed to account for the strange thermodynamic and electrical transport properties that emerge around the QCP of a Kondo lattice assume the presence of an indefinitely large number of itinerant charge carriers. Here, we report a systematic transport and thermodynamic investigation of the Kondo-lattice system CeNi 2–δAs 2 (δ ≈ 0.28) as its antiferromagnetic order is tunedmore » by pressure and magnetic field to zero-temperature boundaries. These experiments show that the very small but finite carrier density of ~0.032 e –/formular unit in CeNi 2–δAs 2 leads to unexpected transport signatures of quantum criticality and the delayed development of a fully coherent Kondo-lattice state with decreasing temperature. Here, the small carrier density and associated semimetallicity of this Kondo-lattice material favor an unconventional, local-moment type of quantum criticality and raises the specter of the Nozières exhaustion idea that an insufficient number of conduction-electron spins to separately screen local moments requires collective Kondo screening.« less

  5. Magnetic structure of the mixed antiferromagnet NdMn0.8Fe0.2O3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mihalik, Matúš; Mihalik, Marián; Hoser, Andreas; Pajerowski, Daniel M.; Kriegner, Dominik; Legut, Dominik; Lebecki, Kristof M.; Vavra, Martin; Fitta, Magdalena; Meisel, Mark W.

    2017-10-01

    The magnetic structure of the mixed antiferromagnet NdMn0.8Fe0.2O3 was resolved. Neutron powder diffraction data definitively resolve the Mn sublattice with a magnetic propagation vector k =(000 ) and with the magnetic structure (Ax,Fy,Gz ) for 1.6 K phase transitions from 3 to 300 K. Density functional theory calculations confirm the magnetic structure of the undoped NdMnO3 as part of our analysis. Taken together, these results show that the magnetic structure of the Mn sublattice in NdMn0.8Fe0.2O3 is a combination of the Mn and Fe parent compounds, but the magnetic ordering of the Nd sublattice spans a broader temperature interval than in the case of NdMnO3 and NdFeO3. This result is a consequence of the fact that the Nd ions do not order independently, but via polarization from the Mn/Fe sublattice.

  6. Magnetic structure of the mixed antiferromagnet NdMn 0.8 Fe 0.2 O 3

    DOE PAGES

    Mihalik, Matus; Mihalik, Marian; Hoser, Andreas; ...

    2017-10-27

    The magnetic structure of the mixed antiferromagnet NdMn 0.8Fe 0.2O 3 was resolved. Neutron powder diffraction data definitively resolve the Mn sublattice with a magnetic propagation vector k=(000) and with the magnetic structure (A x, F y, G z) for 1.6 K N(≈ 59 K). The Nd sublattice has a (0, f y, 0) contribution in the same temperature interval. The Mn sublattice undergoes a spin-reorientation transition at T 1 ≈ 13 K while the Nd magnetic moment abruptly increases at this temperature. Powder x-ray diffraction shows a strong magnetoelastic effect at T N but no additional structural phase transitionsmore » from 3 to 300 K. Density functional theory calculations confirm the magnetic structure of the undoped NdMnO 3 as part of our analysis. Taken together, these results show that the magnetic structure of the Mn sublattice in NdMn 0.8Fe 0.2O 3 is a combination of the Mn and Fe parent compounds, but the magnetic ordering of the Nd sublattice spans a broader temperature interval than in the case of NdMnO 3 and NdFeO 3. Lastly, this result is a consequence of the fact that the Nd ions do not order independently, but via polarization from the Mn/Fe sublattice.« less

  7. Unexpected Competition between Antiferromagnetic and Ferromagnetic States in Hf2MnRu5B2: Predicted and Realized.

    PubMed

    Shankhari, Pritam; Zhang, Yuemei; Stekovic, Dejan; Itkis, Mikhail E; Fokwa, Boniface P T

    2017-11-06

    Materials "design" is increasingly gaining importance in the solid-state materials community in general and in the field of magnetic materials in particular. Density functional theory (DFT) predicted the competition between ferromagnetic (FM) and antiferromagnetic (AFM) ground states in a ruthenium-rich Ti 3 Co 5 B 2 -type boride (Hf 2 MnRu 5 B 2 ) for the first time. Vienna ab initio simulation package (VASP) total energy calculations indicated that the FM model was marginally more stable than one of the AFM models (AFM1), indicating very weak interactions between magnetic 1D Mn chains that can be easily perturbated by external means (magnetic field or composition). The predicted phase was then synthesized by arc-melting and characterized as Hf 2 Mn 1-x Ru 5+x B 2 (x = 0.27). Vibrating-scanning magnetometry shows an AFM ground state with T N ≈ 20 K under low magnetic field (0.005 T). At moderate-to-higher fields, AFM ordering vanishes while FM ordering emerges with a Curie temperature of 115 K. These experimental outcomes confirm the weak nature of the interchain interactions, as predicted by DFT calculations.

  8. Quantum critical scaling near the antiferromagnetic quantum critical point in CeCu6-xPdx

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Liusuo; Poudel, L.; May, A. F.; Nelson, W. L.; Gallagher, A.; Lai, Y.; Graf, D. E.; Besara, T.; Siegrist, T. M.; Baumbach, R.; Ehlers, G.; Podlesnyak, A. A.; Lumsden, M. D.; Mandrus, D.; Christianson, A. D.

    A remarkable behavior of many quantum critical systems is the scaling of physical properties such as the dynamic susceptibility near a quantum critical point (QCP), where Fermi liquid physics usually break down. The quantum critical behavior in the vicinity of a QCP in metallic systems remains an important open question. In particular, a self-consistent universal scaling of both magnetic susceptibility and the specific heat remains missing for most cases. Recently, we have studied CeCu6-xTx (T =Au, Ag, Pd), which is a prototypical heavy fermion material that hosts an antiferromagnetic (AF) QCP. We have investigated the low temperature thermal properties including the specific heat and magnetic susceptibility. We also investigated the spin fluctuation spectrum at both critical doping and within the magnetically ordered phase. A key finding is the spin excitations exhibit a strong Ising character, resulting in the strong suppression of transverse fluctuations. A detailed scaling analysis of the quantum critical behaviors relating the thermodynamic properties to the dynamic susceptibility will be presented. DOE, ORNL LDRD.

  9. Towards spin-polarized two-dimensional electron gas at a surface of an antiferromagnetic insulating oxide

    DOE PAGES

    Mishra, Rohan; Kim, Young -Min; He, Qian; ...

    2016-07-18

    Here, the surfaces of transition-metal oxides with the perovskite structure are fertile grounds for the discovery of novel electronic and magnetic phenomena. In this article, we combine scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) with density functional theory (DFT) calculations to obtain the electronic and magnetic properties of the (001) surface of a (LaFeO 3) 8/(SrFeO 3) 1 superlattice film capped with four layers of LaFeO 3. Simultaneously acquired STEM images and electron-energy-loss spectra reveal the surface structure and a reduction in the oxidation state of iron from Fe 3+ in the bulk to Fe 2+ at the surface, extending over severalmore » atomic layers, which signals the presence of oxygen vacancies. The DFT calculations confirm the reduction in terms of oxygen vacancies and further demonstrate the stabilization of an exotic phase in which the surface layer is half metallic and ferromagnetic, while the bulk remains antiferromagnetic and insulating. Based on the calculations, we predict that the surface magnetism and conductivity can be controlled by tuning the partial pressure of oxygen.« less

  10. Antiferromagnetic and topological states in silicene: A mean field study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Feng; Liu, Cheng-Cheng; Yao, Yu-Gui

    2015-08-01

    It has been widely accepted that silicene is a topological insulator, and its gap closes first and then opens again with increasing electric field, which indicates a topological phase transition from the quantum spin Hall state to the band insulator state. However, due to the relatively large atomic spacing of silicene, which reduces the bandwidth, the electron-electron interaction in this system is considerably strong and cannot be ignored. The Hubbard interaction, intrinsic spin orbital coupling (SOC), and electric field are taken into consideration in our tight-binding model, with which the phase diagram of silicene is carefully investigated on the mean field level. We have found that when the magnitudes of the two mass terms produced by the Hubbard interaction and electric potential are close to each other, the intrinsic SOC flips the sign of the mass term at either K or K‧ for one spin and leads to the emergence of the spin-polarized quantum anomalous Hall state. Project supported by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (Grant Nos. 2014CB920903, 2013CB921903, 2011CBA00108, and 2012CB937500), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11021262, 11172303, 11404022, 11225418, and 11174337), the Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (Grant No. 20121101110046), the Excellent Young Scholars Research Fund of Beijing Institute of Technology (Grant No. 2014CX04028), and the Basic Research Funds of Beijing Institute of Technology (Grant No. 20141842001).

  11. The effect of surface and interface on Neel transition temperature of low-dimensional antiferromagnetic materials

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Wen; Zhou, Zhaofeng, E-mail: zfzhou@xtu.edu.cn; Zhong, Yuan

    2015-11-15

    Incorporating the bond order-length-strength (BOLS) notion with the Ising premise, we have modeled the size dependence of the Neel transition temperature (T{sub N}) of antiferromagnetic nanomaterials. Reproduction of the size trends reveals that surface atomic undercoordination induces bond contraction, and interfacial hetero-coordination induces bond nature alteration. Both surface and interface of nanomaterials modulate the T{sub N} by adjusting the atomic cohesive energy. The T{sub N} is related to the atomic cohesive/exchange energy that is lowered by the coordination number (CN) imperfection of the undercoordinated atoms near the surface and altered by the changed bond nature of epitaxial interface. A numericalmore » match between predictions and measurements reveals that the T{sub N} of antiferromagnetic nanomaterials declines with reduced size and increases with both the strengthening of heterogeneous bond and the increase of the bond number.« less

  12. Temperature dependence of ferromagnet-antiferromagnet spin alignment and coercivity in epitaxial micromagnet bilayers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Michael S.; Wynn, Thomas A.; Folven, Erik; Chopdekar, Rajesh V.; Scholl, Andreas; Retterer, Scott T.; Grepstad, Jostein K.; Takamura, Yayoi

    2017-06-01

    Soft x-ray photoemission electron microscopy with an in situ magnetic field has been used to study the relationship between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic spin alignment and the switching/reversal field of epitaxial micromagnetic structures. We investigated a model system consisting of a bilayer of ferromagnetic L a0.7S r0.3Mn O3 and antiferromagnetic LaFe O3 where the spin axes in each layer can be driven from mutually perpendicular (spin-flop) to parallel alignment by varying the temperature between 30 and 300 K. Results show that not only does this spin alignment noticeably influence the bilayer micromagnet coercivity compared to L a0.7S r0.3Mn O3 single-layer micromagnets, but the coercivity within this materials system can be tuned over a wide range by careful balance of material properties.

  13. Antiferromagnetic MnN layer on the MnGa(001) surface

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guerrero-Sánchez, J.; Takeuchi, Noboru

    2016-12-01

    Spin polarized first principles total energy calculations have been applied to study the stability and magnetic properties of the MnGa(001) surface and the formation of a topmost MnN layer with the deposit of nitrogen. Before nitrogen adsorption, surface formation energies show a stable gallium terminated ferromagnetic surface. After incorporation of nitrogen atoms, the antiferromagnetic manganese terminated surface becomes stable due to the formation of a MnN layer (Mn-N bonding at the surface). Spin density distribution shows a ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic arrangement in the first surface layers. This thermodynamically stable structure may be exploited to growth MnGa/MnN magnetic heterostructures as well as to look for exchange biased systems.

  14. All-oxide-based synthetic antiferromagnets exhibiting layer-resolved magnetization reversal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Binbin; Xu, Haoran; Ma, Chao; Mattauch, Stefan; Lan, Da; Jin, Feng; Guo, Zhuang; Wan, Siyuan; Chen, Pingfan; Gao, Guanyin; Chen, Feng; Su, Yixi; Wu, Wenbin

    2017-07-01

    Synthesizing antiferromagnets with correlated oxides has been challenging, owing partly to the markedly degraded ferromagnetism of the magnetic layer at nanoscale thicknesses. Here we report on the engineering of an antiferromagnetic interlayer exchange coupling (AF-IEC) between ultrathin but ferromagnetic La2/3Ca1/3MnO3 layers across an insulating CaRu1/2Ti1/2O3 spacer. The layer-resolved magnetic switching leads to sharp steplike hysteresis loops with magnetization plateaus depending on the repetition number of the stacking bilayers. The magnetization configurations can be switched at moderate fields of hundreds of oersted. Moreover, the AF-IEC can also be realized with an alternative magnetic layer of La2/3Sr1/3MnO3 that possesses a Curie temperature near room temperature. The findings will add functionalities to devices with correlated-oxide interfaces.

  15. Temperature dependence of ferromagnet-antiferromagnet spin alignment and coercivity in epitaxial micromagnet bilayers

    DOE PAGES

    Lee, Michael S.; Wynn, Thomas A.; Folven, Erik; ...

    2017-06-26

    In this paper, soft x-ray photoemission electron microscopy with an in situ magnetic field has been used to study the relationship between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic spin alignment and the switching/reversal field of epitaxial micromagnetic structures. We investigated a model system consisting of a bilayer of ferromagnetic La 0.7Sr 0.3MnO 3 and antiferromagnetic LaFeO 3 where the spin axes in each layer can be driven from mutually perpendicular (spin-flop) to parallel alignment by varying the temperature between 30 and 300 K. Results show that not only does this spin alignment noticeably influence the bilayer micromagnet coercivity compared to La 0.7Sr 0.3MnOmore » 3 single-layer micromagnets, but the coercivity within this materials system can be tuned over a wide range by careful balance of material properties.« less

  16. Negative spin Hall magnetoresistance in antiferromagnetic Cr2O3/Ta bilayer at low temperature region

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ji, Yang; Miao, J.; Zhu, Y. M.; Meng, K. K.; Xu, X. G.; Chen, J. K.; Wu, Y.; Jiang, Y.

    2018-06-01

    We demonstrate the negative spin Hall magnetoresistance (SMR) observed in antiferromagnetic Cr2O3/Ta bilayers at low temperature. The SMR signals are changed from the positive to negative magnitude when monotonously reducing the temperature from 300 K to 50 K. The positive and negative SMR signals are expected to be associated with the two different ways for injection of the spin current, into the boundary ferromagnetic region and the bulk antiferromagnetic region of α-Cr2O3 (0001), respectively. The slopes of the abnormal Hall curves exhibit the same sign with the SMR signal. From the SMR ratio under 3 T, the spin mixing conductance at the Cr2O3/Ta interface is estimated to be 1.12 × 1014 Ω-1.m-2, which is comparable to the one observed in the Y3Fe5O12(YIG)/Pt structure and our early results of the Cr2O3/W structure.

  17. A new reversal mode in exchange coupled antiferromagnetic/ferromagnetic disks: distorted viscous vortex

    DOE PAGES

    Gilbert, Dustin A.; Ye, Li; Varea, Aïda; ...

    2015-04-28

    Magnetic vortices have generated intense interest in recent years due to their unique reversal mechanisms, fascinating topological properties, and exciting potential applications. In addition, the exchange coupling of magnetic vortices to antiferromagnets has also been shown to lead to a range of novel phenomena and functionalities. Here we report a new magnetization reversal mode of magnetic vortices in exchange coupled Ir 20Mn 80/Fe 20Ni 80 microdots: distorted viscous vortex reversal. In contrast to the previously known or proposed reversal modes, the vortex is distorted close to the interface and viscously dragged due to the uncompensated spins of a thin antiferromagnet,more » which leads to unexpected asymmetries in the annihilation and nucleation fields. Lastly, these results provide a deeper understanding of the physics of exchange coupled vortices and may also have important implications for applications involving exchange coupled nanostructures.« less

  18. Theory of the Interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Interaction in Rashba Antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qaiumzadeh, Alireza; Ado, Ivan A.; Duine, Rembert A.; Titov, Mikhail; Brataas, Arne

    2018-05-01

    In antiferromagnetic (AFM) thin films, broken inversion symmetry or coupling to adjacent heavy metals can induce Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) interactions. Knowledge of the DM parameters is essential for understanding and designing exotic spin structures, such as hedgehog Skyrmions and chiral Néel walls, which are attractive for use in novel information storage technologies. We introduce a framework for computing the DM interaction in two-dimensional Rashba antiferromagnets. Unlike in Rashba ferromagnets, the DM interaction is not suppressed even at low temperatures. The material parameters control both the strength and the sign of the interfacial DM interaction. Our results suggest a route toward controlling the DM interaction in AFM materials by means of doping and electric fields.

  19. Frustrated ground state in the metallic Ising antiferromagnet Nd2Ni2In

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sala, G.; Mašková, S.; Stone, M. B.

    2017-10-01

    We used inelastic neutron scattering measurements to examine the intermetallic Ising antiferromagnet Nd2Ni2In . The dynamical structure factor displays a spectrum with multiple crystal field excitations. These crystal field excitations consist of a set of four transitions covering a range of energies between 4 and 80 meV. The spectrum is very sensitive to the temperature, and we observed a softening and a shift in the energies above the transition temperature of the system. The analysis of the crystalline electric field scheme confirms the Ising nature of the spins and their orientation as proposed by previous studies. We characterized Nd2Ni2In as a large moment intermetallic antiferromagnet with the potential to support a geometrically frustrated Shastry-Sutherland lattice.

  20. Magnetic Anisotropy by Rashba Spin-Orbit Coupling in Antiferromagnetic Thin Films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ieda, Jun'ichi; Barnes, Stewart E.; Maekawa, Sadamichi

    2018-05-01

    Magnetic anisotropy in an antiferromagnet (AFM) with inversion symmetry breaking (ISB) is investigated. The magnetic anisotropy energy (MAE) resulting from the Rashba spin-orbit and s-d type exchange interactions is determined for two different models of AFMs. The global ISB model, representing the effect of a surface, an interface, or a gating electric field, results in an easy-plane magnetic anisotropy. In contrast, for a local ISB model, i.e., for a noncentrosymmetric AFM, perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) arises. Both results differ from the ferromagnetic case, in which the result for PMA depends on the band structure and dimensionality. These MAE contributions play a key role in determining the direction of the Néel order parameter in antiferromagnetic nanostructures, and reflect the possibility of electrical-field control of the Néel vector.

  1. Evidence for a gapped spin-liquid ground state in a kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet

    SciTech Connect

    Fu, Mingxuan; Imai, Takahashi; Han, Tian -Heng

    2015-11-06

    Here, the kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet is a leading candidate in the search for a spin system with a quantum spin-liquid ground state. The nature of its ground state remains a matter of active debate. We conducted oxygen-17 single-crystal nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements of the spin-1/2 kagome lattice in herbertsmithite [ZnCu 3(OH) 6Cl 2], which is known to exhibit a spinon continuum in the spin excitation spectrum. We demonstrated that the intrinsic local spin susceptibility χkagome, deduced from the oxygen-17 NMR frequency shift, asymptotes to zero below temperatures of 0.03J, where J ~ 200 kelvin is the copper-copper superexchange interaction.more » Combined with the magnetic field dependence of χ kagome that we observed at low temperatures, these results imply that the kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet has a spin-liquid ground state with a finite gap.« less

  2. Fe-induced enhancement of antiferromagnetic spin correlations in Mn2-xFexBO4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kazak, N. V.; Platunov, M. S.; Knyazev, Yu. V.; Moshkina, E. M.; Gavrilkin, S. Yu.; Bayukov, O. A.; Gorev, M. V.; Pogoreltsev, E. I.; Zeer, G. M.; Zharkov, S. M.; Ovchinnikov, S. G.

    2018-04-01

    Fe substitution effect on the magnetic behavior of Mn2-xFexBO4 (x = 0.3, 0.5, 0.7) warwickites has been investigated combining Mössbauer spectroscopy, dc magnetization, ac magnetic susceptibility, and heat capacity measurements. The Fe3+ ions distribution over two crystallographic nonequivalent sites is studied. The Fe introduction breaks a long-range antiferromagnetic order and leads to onset of spin-glass ground state. The antiferromagnetic short-range-order spin correlations persist up to temperatures well above TSG reflecting in increasing deviations from the Curie-Weiss law, the reduced effective magnetic moment and "missing" entropy. The results are interpreted in the terms of the progressive increase of the frustration effect and the formation of spin-correlated regions.

  3. Electronic and optical properties of antiferromagnetic iron doped NiO - A first principles study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Petersen, John E.; Twagirayezu, Fidele; Scolfaro, Luisa M.; Borges, Pablo D.; Geerts, Wilhelmus J.

    2017-05-01

    Antiferromagnetic NiO is a candidate for next generation high-speed and scaled RRAM devices. Here, electronic and optical properties of antiferromagnetic NiO: Fe 25% in the rock salt structure are studied and compared to intrinsic NiO. From density of states and complex dielectric function analysis, the first optical transition is found to be at lower frequency than intrinsic NiO due to an Fe impurity level being the valence band maximum. The resulting effects on refractive index, reflectivity, absorption, optical conductivity and loss function for Fe-doped NiO are compared to those of intrinsic NiO, and notable differences are analyzed. The electronic component of the static dielectric constant of NiO: Fe 25% is calculated to be about 2% less than that of intrinsic NiO.

  4. Room temperature exchange bias in multiferroic BiFeO3 nano- and microcrystals with antiferromagnetic core and two-dimensional diluted antiferromagnetic shell

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Chuang; Wang, Shou Yu; Liu, Wei Fang; Xu, Xun Ling; Li, Xiu; Zhang, Hong; Gao, Ju; Li, De Jun

    2017-05-01

    Exchange bias (EB) of multiferroics presents many potential opportunities for magnetic devices. However, instead of using low-temperature field cooling in the hysteresis loop measurement, which usually shows an effective approach to obtain obvious EB phenomenon, there are few room temperature EB. In this article, extensive studies on room temperature EB without field cooling were observed in BiFeO3 nano- and microcrystals. Moreover, with increasing size the hysteresis loops shift from horizontal negative exchange bias (NEB) to positive exchange bias (PEB). In order to explain the tunable EB behaviors with size dependence, a phenomenological qualitative model based on the framework of antiferromagnetic (AFM) core-two-dimensional diluted antiferromagnet in a field (2D-DAFF) shell structure was proposed. The training effect (TE) ascertained the validity of model and the presence of unstable magnetic structure using Binek's model. Experimental results show that the tunable EB effect can be explained by the competition of ferromagnetic (FM) exchange coupling and AFM exchange coupling interaction between AFM core and 2D-DAFF shell. Additionally, the local distortion of lattice fringes was observed in hexagonal-shaped BiFeO3 nanocrystals with well-dispersed behavior. The electrical conduction properties agreed well with the space charge-limited conduction mechanism.

  5. Wave function, spectrum and effective mass of holes in 2 D quantum antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Su, Zhao-bin; Ll, Yan-min; Lai, Wu-yan; Yu, Lu

    1989-12-01

    A new quantum Bogoliubov-de Gennes (BdeG) formalism is developed to study the self-consistent motion of holes on an quantum antiferromagnetic (QAFM) background within the generalized t- J model. The local distortion of spin configurations and the renormalization of the hole motion due to virtual excitations of the distorted spin background are treated on an equal footing. The hole wave function and its spectrum, as well as the effective mass for a propagating hole are calculated explicitly.

  6. Atomic-scale inversion of spin polarization at an organic-antiferromagnetic interface

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Caffrey, Nuala M.; Ferriani, Paolo; Marocchi, Simone; Heinze, Stefan

    2013-10-01

    Using first-principles calculations, we show that the magnetic properties of a two-dimensional antiferromagnetic transition-metal surface are modified on the atomic scale by the adsorption of small organic molecules. We consider benzene (C6H6), cyclooctatetraene (C8H8), and a small transition-metal-benzene complex (BzV) adsorbed on a single atomic layer of Mn deposited on the W(110) surface—a surface which exhibits a nearly antiferromagnetic alignment of the magnetic moments in adjacent Mn rows. Due to the spin dependent hybridization of the molecular pz orbitals with the d states of the Mn monolayer, there is a significant reduction of the magnetic moments in the Mn film. Furthermore, the spin polarization at this organic-antiferromagnetic interface is found to be modulated on the atomic scale, both enhanced and inverted, as a result of the molecular adsorption. We show that this effect can be resolved by spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy (SP-STM). Our simulated SP-STM images display a spatially dependent spin resolved vacuum charge density above an adsorbed molecule—i.e., different regions above the molecule sustain different signs of spin polarization. While states with s and p symmetry dominate the vacuum charge density in the vicinity of the Fermi energy for the clean magnetic surface, we demonstrate that after a molecule is adsorbed those d states, which are normally suppressed due to their symmetry, can play a crucial role in the vacuum due to their interaction with the molecular orbitals. We also model the effect of small deviations from perfect antiferromagnetic ordering, induced by the slight canting of magnetic moments due to the spin spiral ground state of Mn/W(110).

  7. Electronic Structures of Anti-Ferromagnetic Tetraradicals: Ab Initio and Semi-Empirical Studies.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Dawei; Liu, Chungen

    2016-04-12

    The energy relationships and electronic structures of the lowest-lying spin states in several anti-ferromagnetic tetraradical model systems are studied with high-level ab initio and semi-empirical methods. The Full-CI method (FCI), the complete active space second-order perturbation theory (CASPT2), and the n-electron valence state perturbation theory (NEVPT2) are employed to obtain reference results. By comparing the energy relationships predicted from the Heisenberg and Hubbard models with ab initio benchmarks, the accuracy of the widely used Heisenberg model for anti-ferromagnetic spin-coupling in low-spin polyradicals is cautiously tested in this work. It is found that the strength of electron correlation (|U/t|) concerning anti-ferromagnetically coupled radical centers could range widely from strong to moderate correlation regimes and could become another degree of freedom besides the spin multiplicity. Accordingly, the Heisenberg-type model works well in the regime of strong correlation, which reproduces well the energy relationships along with the wave functions of all the spin states. In moderately spin-correlated tetraradicals, the results of the prototype Heisenberg model deviate severely from those of multi-reference electron correlation ab initio methods, while the extended Heisenberg model, containing four-body terms, can introduce reasonable corrections and maintains its accuracy in this condition. In the weak correlation regime, both the prototype Heisenberg model and its extended forms containing higher-order correction terms will encounter difficulties. Meanwhile, the Hubbard model shows balanced accuracy from strong to weak correlation cases and can reproduce qualitatively correct electronic structures, which makes it more suitable for the study of anti-ferromagnetic coupling in polyradical systems.

  8. Reflection of antiferromagnetic vortices on a supersonic domain wall in yttrium orthoferrite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chetkin, M. V.; Kurbatova, Yu. N.; Shapaeva, T. B.; Borschegovsky, O. A.

    2007-04-01

    Reflection of solitary flexural waves propagating in a supersonic domain wall of yttrium orthoferrite from the domain wall part moving with the transverse-sound velocity is observed experimentally. This observation confirms that such a reflection of a solitary flexural wave leads to a change in the sign of the topological charge of the antiferromagnetic vortex accompanied by this wave, which proves a direct relationship between these two objects.

  9. Adiabatic demagnetization of the antiferromagnetic spin-1/2 Heisenberg hexagonal cluster

    SciTech Connect

    Deb, Moumita, E-mail: moumitadeb44@gmail.com; Ghosh, Asim Kumar, E-mail: asimkumar96@yahoo.com

    2016-05-23

    Exact analytic expressions of eigenvalues of the antiferromagnetic spin-1/2 Heisenberg hexagon in the presence of uniform magnetic field have been obtained. Magnetization process, nature of isentrops and properties of magneto caloric effect in terms of adiabatic demagnetization have been investigated. Theoretical results have been used to study the magneto caloric effect of the spin-1/2 Heisenberg hexagonal compound Cu{sub 3}WO{sub 6}.

  10. High-spin ribbons and antiferromagnetic ordering of a Mn(II)-biradical-Mn(II) complex.

    PubMed

    Fatila, Elisabeth M; Clérac, Rodolphe; Rouzières, Mathieu; Soldatov, Dmitriy V; Jennings, Michael; Preuss, Kathryn E

    2013-09-11

    A binuclear metal coordination complex of the first thiazyl-based biradical ligand 1 is reported (1 = 4,6-bis(1,2,3,5-dithiadiazolyl)pyrimidine; hfac =1,1,1,5,5,5,-hexafluoroacetylacetonato-). The Mn(hfac)2-biradical-Mn(hfac)2 complex 2 is a rare example of a discrete, molecular species employing a neutral bridging biradical ligand. It is soluble in common organic solvents and can be easily sublimed as a crystalline solid. Complex 2 has a spin ground state of S(T) = 4 resulting from antiferromagnetic coupling between the S(birad) = 1 biradical bridging ligand and two S(Mn) = 5/2 Mn(II) ions. Electrostatic contacts between atoms with large spin density promote a ferromagnetic arrangement of the moments of neighboring complexes in ribbon-like arrays. Weak antiferromagnetic coupling between these high-spin ribbons stabilizes an ordered antiferromagnetic ground state below 4.5 K. This is an unusual example of magnetic ordering in a molecular metal-radical complex, wherein the electrostatic contacts that direct the crystal packing are also responsible for providing an efficient exchange coupling pathway between molecules.

  11. Probing the antiferromagnetic long-range order with Glauber spin states

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cabrera, Guillermo G.

    1994-01-01

    It is well known that the ground state of low-dimensional antiferromagnets deviates from Neel states due to strong quantum fluctuations. Even in the presence of long-range order, those fluctuations produce a substantial reduction of the magnetic moment from its saturation value. Numerical simulations in anisotropic antiferromagnetic chains suggest that quantum fluctuations over Neel order appear in the form of localized reversal of pairs of neighboring spins. In this paper, we propose a coherent state representation for the ground state to describe the above situation. In the one-dimensional case, our wave function corresponds to a two-mode Glauber state, when the Neel state is used as a reference, while the boson fields are associated to coherent flip of spin pairs. The coherence manifests itself through the antiferromagnetic long-range order that survives the action of quantum fluctuations. The present representation is different from the standard zero-point spin wave state, and is asymptotically exact in the limit of strong anisotropy. The fermionic version of the theory, obtained through the Jordan-Wigner transformation, is also investigated.

  12. Magnon-induced superconductivity in a topological insulator coupled to ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic insulators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hugdal, Henning G.; Rex, Stefan; Nogueira, Flavio S.; Sudbø, Asle

    2018-05-01

    We study the effective interactions between Dirac fermions on the surface of a three-dimensional topological insulator due to the proximity coupling to the magnetic fluctuations in a ferromagnetic or antiferromagnetic insulator. Our results show that the magnetic fluctuations can mediate attractive interactions between Dirac fermions of both Amperean and BCS types. In the ferromagnetic case, we find pairing between fermions with parallel momenta, so-called Amperean pairing, whenever the effective Lagrangian for the magnetic fluctuations does not contain a quadratic term. The pairing interaction also increases with increasing Fermi momentum and is in agreement with previous studies in the limit of high chemical potential. If a quadratic term is present, the pairing is instead of BCS type above a certain chemical potential. In the antiferromagnetic case, BCS pairing occurs when the ferromagnetic coupling between magnons on the same sublattice exceeds the antiferromagnetic coupling between magnons on different sublattices. Outside this region in parameter space, we again find that Amperean pairing is realized.

  13. Nonlocally sensing the magnetic states of nanoscale antiferromagnets with an atomic spin sensor

    PubMed Central

    Yan, Shichao; Malavolti, Luigi; Burgess, Jacob A. J.; Droghetti, Andrea; Rubio, Angel; Loth, Sebastian

    2017-01-01

    The ability to sense the magnetic state of individual magnetic nano-objects is a key capability for powerful applications ranging from readout of ultradense magnetic memory to the measurement of spins in complex structures with nanometer precision. Magnetic nano-objects require extremely sensitive sensors and detection methods. We create an atomic spin sensor consisting of three Fe atoms and show that it can detect nanoscale antiferromagnets through minute, surface-mediated magnetic interaction. Coupling, even to an object with no net spin and having vanishing dipolar stray field, modifies the transition matrix element between two spin states of the Fe atom–based spin sensor that changes the sensor’s spin relaxation time. The sensor can detect nanoscale antiferromagnets at up to a 3-nm distance and achieves an energy resolution of 10 μeV, surpassing the thermal limit of conventional scanning probe spectroscopy. This scheme permits simultaneous sensing of multiple antiferromagnets with a single-spin sensor integrated onto the surface. PMID:28560346

  14. Large exchange bias induced by polycrystalline Mn3Ga antiferromagnetic films with controlled layer thickness

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Haokaifeng; Sudoh, Iori; Xu, Ruihan; Si, Wenshuo; Vaz, C. A. F.; Kim, Jun-young; Vallejo-Fernandez, Gonzalo; Hirohata, Atsufumi

    2018-05-01

    Polycrystalline Mn3Ga layers with thickness in the range from 6–20 nm were deposited at room temperature by a high target utilisation sputtering. To investigate the onset of exchange-bias, a ferromagnetic Co0.6Fe0.4 layer (3.3–9 nm thick) capped with 5 nm Ta, were subsequently deposited. X-ray diffraction measurements confirm the presence of Mn3Ga (0 0 0 2) and (0 0 0 4) peaks characteristic of the D019 antiferromagnetic structure. The 6 nm thick Mn3Ga film shows the largest exchange bias of 430 Oe at 120 K with a blocking temperature of 225 K. The blocking temperature is found to decrease with increasing Mn3Ga thickness. These results in combination with x-ray reflectivity measurements confirm that the quality of the Mn3Ga/Co0.6Fe0.4 interface controls the exchange bias, with the sharp interface with the 6-nm-thick Mn3Ga inducing the largest exchange bias. The magneto-crystalline anisotropy for 6 nm thick Mn3Ga thin film sample is calculated to be . Such a binary antiferromagnetic Heusler alloy is compatible with the current memory fabrication process and hence has a great potential for antiferromagnetic spintronics.

  15. Resonant Two-Magnon Raman Scattering in Cuprate Antiferromagnetic Insulators and Superconductors.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blumberg, G.; Abbamonte, P.; Klein, M. V.

    1996-03-01

    We present results of low-temperature two-magnon resonance Raman excitation profile measurements for single layer Sr_2CuO_2Cl2 and bilayer YBa_2Cu_3O6 + δ antiferromagnets over the excitation region from 1.65 to 3.05 eV. These data reveal composite structure of the B_1g two-magnon line shape peaked at ~ 2.7J and ~ 4J and strong nonmonotonic dependence of the scattering intensity on excitation energy. Resonant magnetic scattering contributes also to A_1g and B_2g channels. We analyze these data using the triple resonance theory of Chubukov and Frenkel(A. Chubukov and D. Frenkel, Phys. Rev. Lett.74), 3057 (1995). and deduce information about magnetic interaction (J and J_⊥) and band parameters (NN hopping t and charge transfer gap 2Δ) in these antiferromagnets.(G. Blumberg et. al.), Preprint cond-mat/9511080. The ~ 3J spin superexchange excitation persists upon hole doping and is present in superconductors, proving the universality of the short wavelength magnetic excitations in the cuprate superconducting metals and the parent antiferromagnetic insulators.(G. Blumberg et. al.), Phys. Rev. B 49, 13 295 (1994).

  16. Anomalous Nernst effect in a microfabricated thermoelectric element made of chiral antiferromagnet Mn3Sn

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Narita, Hideki; Ikhlas, Muhammad; Kimata, Motoi; Nugroho, Agustinus Agung; Nakatsuji, Satoru; Otani, YoshiChika

    2017-11-01

    Toward realizing a thermopile made of the chiral anti-ferromagnet Mn3Sn, focused ion beam (FIB) lithography was employed to microfabricate a thermoelectric element consisting of a Ta/Al2O3/Mn3Sn layered structure. In this device, the Ta layer acts as a heater producing Joule heat diffusing across the Al2O3 insulating layer into the thin Mn3Sn layer. The measured Nernst signal exhibits a clear hysteresis in an applied temperature gradient and magnetic field at 300 K, and its magnitude is proportional to the square of the electrical current applied to the Ta heater. The spontaneous, zero field voltage signal in the device is of the order of a few μV, which is almost the same order of magnitude as observed in the bulk single-crystal Mn3Sn under a temperature gradient. The anomalous Nernst coefficient SANE of the microfabricated element was determined using a temperature gradient simulated by finite-element modeling. The obtained value of SANE is 0.27 μV/K, which is in good agreement with that of the reported experimental value of SANE (0.3 μV/K) for bulk single-crystal Mn3Sn. This result indicates that FIB microfabrication does not significantly alter the thermoelectric properties of bulk Mn3Sn. As the chiral antiferromagnet produces almost no stray field, our study opens the avenue for the fabrication of an efficient thermopile by densely packing the microfabricated antiferromagnetic elements.

  17. A Spin-Canted Antiferromagnetic Ground State in CeRu2Al10

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dean, Philip; Muro, Yuji; Takabatake, Toshiro; Hatton, Peter D.

    2018-01-01

    Resonant polarised soft x-ray scattering at the cerium M-edge has been used to refine the magnetic structure of CeRu2Al10. A strong resonant feature at the cerium MIV-edge was observed at the disallowed (0,1,0) Bragg position, consistent with previous neutron diffraction refinement of the moment pointing along the c-axis. The magnetic peak was found to have a temperature dependence expected for the paramagnetic-antiferromagnetic transition, disappearing above around 30 K. The polarisation dependence of the scattered x-rays conclusively shows that the low-temperature antiferromagnetic structure is non-collinear in nature. Fitting the polarisation dependence of the obtained Stokes parameters was undertaken with models for canting along either the a-axis or the b-axis. The experimental data agrees better with the model involving canting towards the a-axis. However, this is inconsistent with the Cmcm space group, suggestive of a symmetry lowering to either Pmnm or Cm2m. The resulting model is then achieved with a 9.6° ± 1.1 canting of the moments towards the a-axis. No resonance features were observed at the ruthenium L-edges. This suggests that the ruthenium atoms play no part in the antiferromagnetic ordering.

  18. Relief of frustration in the Heisenberg pyrochlore antiferromagnet Gd2Pt2O7

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hallas, A. M.; Sharma, A. Z.; Cai, Y.; Munsie, T. J.; Wilson, M. N.; Tachibana, M.; Wiebe, C. R.; Luke, G. M.

    2016-10-01

    The gadolinium pyrochlores Gd2B2O7 are among the best realizations of antiferromagnetically coupled Heisenberg spins on a pyrochlore lattice. We present a magnetic characterization of Gd2Pt2O7 , a unique member of this family. Magnetic susceptibility, heat capacity, and muon spin relaxation measurements show that Gd2Pt2O7 undergoes an antiferromagnetic ordering transition at TN=1.6 K. This transition is strongly first order, as indicated by the sharpness of the heat capacity anomaly, thermal hysteresis in the magnetic susceptibility, and a nondivergent relaxation rate in μ SR . The form of the heat capacity below TN suggests that the ground state is an anisotropic collinear antiferromagnet with an excitation spectrum that is gapped by 0.245(1) meV. The ordering temperature in Gd2Pt2O7,TN=1.6 K, is a substantial 160% increase from other gadolinium pyrochlores, which are all known to order at 1 K or lower. We attribute this enhancement in TN to the B -site cation, platinum. Despite being nonmagnetic, platinum has a filled 5 d t2 g orbital and an empty 5 d eg orbital that can facilitate superexchange. Thus, the magnetic frustration in Gd2Pt2O7 is partially "relieved," thereby promoting magnetic order.

  19. Phase diagram as a function of temperature and magnetic field for magnetic semiconductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    González, I.; Castro, J.; Baldomir, D.

    2002-10-01

    Using an extension of the Nagaev model of phase separation [E. L. Nagaev and A. I. Podel'shchikov, Sov. Phys. JETP, 71, 1108 (1990)] we calculate the phase diagram for degenerate antiferromagnetic semiconductors in the T-H plane for different current carrier densities. Both wide-band semiconductors and double-exchange materials are investigated.

  20. Small-cluster renormalization group in Ising and Blume-Emery-Griffiths models with ferromagnetic, antiferromagnetic, and quenched disordered magnetic interactions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Antenucci, F.; Crisanti, A.; Leuzzi, L.

    2014-07-01

    The Ising and Blume-Emery-Griffiths (BEG) models' critical behavior is analyzed in two dimensions and three dimensions by means of a renormalization group scheme on small clusters made of a few lattice cells. Different kinds of cells are proposed for both ordered and disordered model cases. In particular, cells preserving a possible antiferromagnetic ordering under renormalization allow for the determination of the Néel critical point and its scaling indices. These also provide more reliable estimates of the Curie fixed point than those obtained using cells preserving only the ferromagnetic ordering. In all studied dimensions, the present procedure does not yield a strong-disorder critical point corresponding to the transition to the spin-glass phase. This limitation is thoroughly analyzed and motivated.

  1. Crossover from Commensurate to Incommensurate Antiferromagnetism in Stoichiometric NaFeAs Revealed by Single-Crystal 23Na,75As-NMR Experiments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kitagawa, Kentaro; Mezaki, Yuji; Matsubayashi, Kazuyuki; Uwatoko, Yoshiya; Takigawa, Masashi

    2011-03-01

    We report the results of 23Na and 75As nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments on a self-flux grown high-quality single crystal of stoichiometric NaFeAs. The NMR spectra reveal a tetragonal to twinned-orthorhombic structural phase transition at TO = 57 K and an antiferromagnetic (AF) transition at TAF = 45 K. The divergent behavior of nuclear relaxation rate near TAF shows significant anisotropy, indicating that the critical slowing down of stripe-type AF fluctuations are strongly anisotropic in spin space. The NMR spectra at sufficiently low temperatures consist of sharp peaks showing a commensurate stripe AF order with a small moment of ˜0.3 μB. However, the spectra just below TAF exhibit a highly asymmetric broadening pointing to an incommensurate modulation. The commensurate-incommensurate crossover in NaFeAs shows a certain similarity to the behavior of SrFe2As2 under high pressure.

  2. Bicollinear antiferromagnetic order, monoclinic distortion, and reversed resistivity anisotropy in FeTe as a result of spin-lattice coupling

    SciTech Connect

    Bishop, Christopher B.; Moreo, Adriana; Dagotto, Elbio

    2016-09-08

    The bicollinear antiferromagnetic order experimentally observed in FeTe is shown to be stabilized by the coupling g ~ 12 between monoclinic lattice distortions and the spin-nematic order parameter with B 2g symmetry, within a three-orbital spin-fermion model studied with Monte Carlo techniques. A finite but small value of g ~ 12 is required, with a concomitant lattice distortion compatible with experiments, and a tetragonal-monoclinic transition strongly first order. Remarkably, the bicollinear state found here displays a planar resistivity with the reversed puzzling anisotropy discovered in transport experiments. Orthorhombic distortions are also incorporated, and phase diagrams interpolating between pnictides and chalcogenidesmore » are presented. Here, we conclude that the spin-lattice coupling we introduce is sufficient to explain the challenging properties of FeTe.« less

  3. Pairing versus phase coherence of doped holes in distinct quantum spin backgrounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Zheng; Sheng, D. N.; Weng, Zheng-Yu

    2018-03-01

    We examine the pairing structure of holes injected into two distinct spin backgrounds: a short-range antiferromagnetic phase versus a symmetry protected topological phase. Based on density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) simulation, we find that although there is a strong binding between two holes in both phases, phase fluctuations can significantly influence the pair-pair correlation depending on the spin-spin correlation in the background. Here the phase fluctuation is identified as an intrinsic string operator nonlocally controlled by the spins. We show that while the pairing amplitude is generally large, the coherent Cooper pairing can be substantially weakened by the phase fluctuation in the symmetry-protected topological phase, in contrast to the short-range antiferromagnetic phase. It provides an example of a non-BCS mechanism for pairing, in which the paring phase coherence is determined by the underlying spin state self-consistently, bearing an interesting resemblance to the pseudogap physics in the cuprate.

  4. Quantum Spin Liquids in Frustrated Spin-1 Diamond Antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Buessen, Finn Lasse; Hering, Max; Reuther, Johannes; Trebst, Simon

    2018-01-01

    Motivated by the recent synthesis of the spin-1 A -site spinel NiRh2 O4 , we investigate the classical to quantum crossover of a frustrated J1-J2 Heisenberg model on the diamond lattice upon varying the spin length S . Applying a recently developed pseudospin functional renormalization group approach for arbitrary spin-S magnets, we find that systems with S ≥3 /2 reside in the classical regime, where the low-temperature physics is dominated by the formation of coplanar spirals and a thermal (order-by-disorder) transition. For smaller local moments S =1 or S =1 /2 , we find that the system evades a thermal ordering transition and forms a quantum spiral spin liquid where the fluctuations are restricted to characteristic momentum-space surfaces. For the tetragonal phase of NiRh2 O4 , a modified J1-J2--J2⊥ exchange model is found to favor a conventionally ordered Néel state (for arbitrary spin S ), even in the presence of a strong local single-ion spin anisotropy, and it requires additional sources of frustration to explain the experimentally observed absence of a thermal ordering transition.

  5. Strain-gradient-induced magnetic anisotropy in straight-stripe mixed-phase bismuth ferrites: Insight into flexomagnetism

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Jin Hong; Kim, Kwang-Eun; Jang, Byung-Kweon; Ünal, Ahmet A.; Valencia, Sergio; Kronast, Florian; Ko, Kyung-Tae; Kowarik, Stefan; Seidel, Jan; Yang, Chan-Ho

    2017-08-01

    Implementation of antiferromagnetic compounds as active elements in spintronics has been hindered by their insensitive nature against external perturbations which causes difficulties in switching among different antiferromagnetic spin configurations. Electrically controllable strain gradient can become a key parameter to tune the antiferromagnetic states of multiferroic materials. We have discovered a correlation between an electrically written straight-stripe mixed-phase boundary and an in-plane antiferromagnetic spin axis in highly elongated La-5%-doped BiFe O3 thin films by performing polarization-dependent photoemission electron microscopy in conjunction with cluster model calculations. A model Hamiltonian calculation for the single-ion anisotropy including the spin-orbit interaction has been performed to figure out the physical origin of the link between the strain gradient present in the mixed-phase area and its antiferromagnetic spin axis. Our findings enable estimation of the strain-gradient-induced magnetic anisotropy energy per Fe ion at around 5 ×10-12eV m , and provide a pathway toward an electric-field-induced 90° rotation of antiferromagnetic spin axis at room temperature by flexomagnetism.

  6. Weak arrest-like and field-driven first order magnetic phase transitions of itinerant Fe3Ga4 revealed by magnetization and magnetoresistance isotherms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Samatham, S. Shanmukharao; Suresh, K. G.

    2017-01-01

    The detailed magnetic study of complex 3d-electron based Fe3Ga4 is reported. It undergoes paramagnetic to antiferromagnetic (TN) and antiferromagnetic to ferromagnetic (TC) transitions respectively around 380 and 70 K. The thermal hysteresis of field-cooled cooling (FCC) and field-cooled warming (FCW) hints at first order phase transition below Curie temperature. A weak phase coexistence of ferro and antiferromagnetic phases is suggested by exploring the arrest-like first-order phenomenon. In the intermediate temperature range, field-driven metamagnetic transition from antiferro to ferromagnetic phase is confirmed. Further bringing the system very near to TN, field-induced transitions disappear and above TN predominant paramagnetic contribution is evident. The magnetic H-T phase diagram distinguishing different magnetic phases of Fe3Ga4 is obtained.

  7. Large-moment antiferromagnetic order in overdoped high-Tc superconductor 154SmFeAsO1-xDx

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Iimura, Soshi; Okanishi, Hiroshi; Matsuishi, Satoru; Hiraka, Haruhiro; Honda, Takashi; Ikeda, Kazutaka; Hansen, Thomas C.; Otomo, Toshiya; Hosono, Hideo

    2017-05-01

    In iron-based superconductors, high critical temperature (Tc) superconductivity over 50 K has only been accomplished in electron-doped hREFeAsO (hRE is heavy rare earth (RE) element). Although hREFeAsO has the highest bulk Tc (58 K), progress in understanding its physical properties has been relatively slow due to difficulties in achieving high-concentration electron doping and carrying out neutron experiments. Here, we present a systematic neutron powder diffraction study of 154SmFeAsO1-xDx, and the discovery of a long-range antiferromagnetic ordering with x ≥ 0.56 (AFM2) accompanying a structural transition from tetragonal to orthorhombic. Surprisingly, the Fe magnetic moment in AFM2 reaches a magnitude of 2.73 μB/Fe, which is the largest in all nondoped iron pnictides and chalcogenides. Theoretical calculations suggest that the AFM2 phase originates in kinetic frustration of the Fe-3dxy orbital, in which the nearest-neighbor hopping parameter becomes zero. The unique phase diagram, i.e., highest-Tc superconducting phase adjacent to the strongly correlated phase in electron-overdoped regime, yields important clues to the unconventional origins of superconductivity.

  8. Large-moment antiferromagnetic order in overdoped high-Tc superconductor 154SmFeAsO1-x D x .

    PubMed

    Iimura, Soshi; Okanishi, Hiroshi; Matsuishi, Satoru; Hiraka, Haruhiro; Honda, Takashi; Ikeda, Kazutaka; Hansen, Thomas C; Otomo, Toshiya; Hosono, Hideo

    2017-05-30

    In iron-based superconductors, high critical temperature ( T c ) superconductivity over 50 K has only been accomplished in electron-doped hRE FeAsO ( hRE is heavy rare earth ( RE ) element). Although hRE FeAsO has the highest bulk T c (58 K), progress in understanding its physical properties has been relatively slow due to difficulties in achieving high-concentration electron doping and carrying out neutron experiments. Here, we present a systematic neutron powder diffraction study of 154 SmFeAsO 1- x D x , and the discovery of a long-range antiferromagnetic ordering with x ≥ 0.56 (AFM2) accompanying a structural transition from tetragonal to orthorhombic. Surprisingly, the Fe magnetic moment in AFM2 reaches a magnitude of 2.73 μ B /Fe, which is the largest in all nondoped iron pnictides and chalcogenides. Theoretical calculations suggest that the AFM2 phase originates in kinetic frustration of the Fe-3 d xy orbital, in which the nearest-neighbor hopping parameter becomes zero. The unique phase diagram, i.e., highest- T c superconducting phase adjacent to the strongly correlated phase in electron-overdoped regime, yields important clues to the unconventional origins of superconductivity.

  9. Nearly Deconfined Spinon Excitations in the Square-Lattice Spin-1 /2 Heisenberg Antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shao, Hui; Qin, Yan Qi; Capponi, Sylvain; Chesi, Stefano; Meng, Zi Yang; Sandvik, Anders W.

    2017-10-01

    We study the spin-excitation spectrum (dynamic structure factor) of the spin-1 /2 square-lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet and an extended model (the J -Q model) including four-spin interactions Q in addition to the Heisenberg exchange J . Using an improved method for stochastic analytic continuation of imaginary-time correlation functions computed with quantum Monte Carlo simulations, we can treat the sharp (δ -function) contribution to the structure factor expected from spin-wave (magnon) excitations, in addition to resolving a continuum above the magnon energy. Spectra for the Heisenberg model are in excellent agreement with recent neutron-scattering experiments on Cu (DCOO )2.4 D2O , where a broad spectral-weight continuum at wave vector q =(π ,0 ) was interpreted as deconfined spinons, i.e., fractional excitations carrying half of the spin of a magnon. Our results at (π ,0 ) show a similar reduction of the magnon weight and a large continuum, while the continuum is much smaller at q =(π /2 ,π /2 ) (as also seen experimentally). We further investigate the reasons for the small magnon weight at (π ,0 ) and the nature of the corresponding excitation by studying the evolution of the spectral functions in the J -Q model. Upon turning on the Q interaction, we observe a rapid reduction of the magnon weight to zero, well before the system undergoes a deconfined quantum phase transition into a nonmagnetic spontaneously dimerized state. Based on these results, we reinterpret the picture of deconfined spinons at (π ,0 ) in the experiments as nearly deconfined spinons—a precursor to deconfined quantum criticality. To further elucidate the picture of a fragile (π ,0 )-magnon pole in the Heisenberg model and its depletion in the J -Q model, we introduce an effective model of the excitations in which a magnon can split into two spinons that do not separate but fluctuate in and out of the magnon space (in analogy to the resonance between a photon and a particle

  10. Antiferromagnetic coupling and magnetoresistance enhancement in Co-Re metallic superlattices (abstract)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Freitas, P. P.; From, M.; Melo, L. V.; Ferreira, J.; Trindade, I.; Monteiro, P.

    1991-11-01

    Co-Re metallic superlattices were prepared that show antiferromagnetic exchange coupling and enhanced saturation magnetoresistance for particular values of the Re spacer thickness. We report studies on films with the structure glass /150 Å Re/[13 ÅCo/tRe]16/50 Å Re, with tRe ranging from 3 to 40 Å. These structures were grown by magnetron sputtering in a system with a base pressure of 1×10-7 Torr with deposition rates of 0.3 and 0.4 Å/s for Co and Re, respectively. x-ray diffractograms indicate the structure to be highly textured with the c axis perpendicular to the sample plane. The superlattice structure was obtained from high-angle θ-2θ scans. First-, second-, and third-order satellites are observed on both sides of the central [002] peak. Periodicity and bilayer composition are obtained from comparison of the data with a theoretical calculation of the x-ray diffractogram. Thickness calibration was confirmed by Rutherford backscattering and profilometer data. In-plane magnetization and magnetoresistance data (Δρ/ρ) indicate that stronger antiferromagnetic coupling and highest Δρ/ρ occur for tRe≊6 Å. The saturation field (Hs) needed to align contiguous antiferromagnetically coupled Co layers is about 1 T. This corresponds to an exchange coupling between the Co layer J≊-1 erg/cm2. (Δρ/ρ) reaches 2% in samples deposited at 170 °C. This data confirms results obtained by Parkin et al.1 in Co-Ru and Co-Cr superlattices.

  11. Conformationally Constrained, Stable, Triplet Ground State (S = 1) Nitroxide Diradicals. Antiferromagnetic Chains of S = 1 Diradicals

    SciTech Connect

    Rajca, Andrzej; Takahashi, Masahiro; Pink, Maren

    2008-06-30

    Nitroxide diradicals, in which nitroxides are annelated to m-phenylene forming tricyclic benzobisoxazine-like structures, have been synthesized and characterized by X-ray crystallography, magnetic resonance (EPR and {sup 1}H NMR) spectroscopy, as well as magnetic studies in solution and in solid state. For the octamethyl derivative of benzobisoxazine nitroxide diradical, the conformationally constrained nitroxide moieties are coplanar with the m-phenylene, leading to large values of 2J (2J/k > 200 K in solution and 2J/k >> 300 K in the solid state). For the diradical, in which all ortho and para positions of the m-phenylene are sterically shielded, distortion of the nitroxide moietiesmore » from coplanarity is moderate, such that the singlet-triplet gaps remain large in both solution (2J/k > 200 K) and the solid state (2J/k {approx} 400-800 K), though an onset of thermal depopulation of the triplet ground state is detectable near room temperature. These diradicals have robust triplet ground states with strong ferromagnetic coupling and good stability at ambient conditions. Magnetic behavior of the nitroxide diradicals at low temperature is best fit to the model of one-dimensional S = 1 Heisenberg chains with intrachain antiferromagnetic coupling. The antiferromagnetic coupling between the S = 1 diradicals may be associated with the methyl nitroxide C-H {hor_ellipsis} O contacts, including nonclassical hydrogen bonds. These unprecedented organic S = 1 antiferromagnetic chains are highly isotropic, compared to those of the extensively studied Ni(II)-based chains.« less

  12. Evidence for Jahn-Teller distortions at the antiferromagnetic transition in LaTiO3.

    PubMed

    Hemberger, J; Krug von Nidda, H-A; Fritsch, V; Deisenhofer, J; Lobina, S; Rudolf, T; Lunkenheimer, P; Lichtenberg, F; Loidl, A; Bruns, D; Büchner, B

    2003-08-08

    LaTiO3 is known as a Mott insulator which orders antiferromagnetically at T(N)=146 K. We report on results of thermal expansion and temperature dependent x-ray diffraction together with measurements of the heat capacity, electrical transport measurements, and optical spectroscopy in untwinned single crystals. At T(N) significant structural changes appear, which are volume conserving. Concomitant anomalies are also observed in the dc resistivity, in bulk modulus, and optical reflectivity spectra. We interpret these experimental observations as evidence of orbital order.

  13. Gate-Controllable Magneto-optic Kerr Effect in Layered Collinear Antiferromagnets

    SciTech Connect

    Sivadas, Nikhil; Okamoto, Satoshi; Xiao, Di

    2016-12-23

    In this paper, using symmetry arguments and a tight-binding model, we show that for layered collinear antiferromagnets, magneto-optic effects can be generated and manipulated by controlling crystal symmetries through a gate voltage. This provides a promising route for electric field manipulation of the magneto-optic effects without modifying the underlying magnetic structure. We further demonstrate the gate control of the magneto-optic Kerr effect (MOKE) in bilayer MnPSe 3 using first-principles calculations. Finally, the field-induced inversion symmetry breaking effect leads to gate-controllable MOKE, whose direction of rotation can be switched by the reversal of the gate voltage.

  14. Proposal for quantum gates in permanently coupled antiferromagnetic spin rings without need of local fields.

    PubMed

    Troiani, Filippo; Affronte, Marco; Carretta, Stefano; Santini, Paolo; Amoretti, Giuseppe

    2005-05-20

    We propose a scheme for the implementation of quantum gates which is based on the qubit encoding in antiferromagnetic molecular rings. We show that a proper engineering of the intercluster link would result in an effective coupling that vanishes as far as the system is kept in the computational space, while it is turned on by a selective excitation of specific auxiliary states. These are also shown to allow the performing of single-qubit and two-qubit gates without an individual addressing of the rings by means of local magnetic fields.

  15. Roton Minimum as a Fingerprint of Magnon-Higgs Scattering in Ordered Quantum Antiferromagnets.

    PubMed

    Powalski, M; Uhrig, G S; Schmidt, K P

    2015-11-13

    A quantitative description of magnons in long-range ordered quantum antiferromagnets is presented which is consistent from low to high energies. It is illustrated for the generic S=1/2 Heisenberg model on the square lattice. The approach is based on a continuous similarity transformation in momentum space using the scaling dimension as the truncation criterion. Evidence is found for significant magnon-magnon attraction inducing a Higgs resonance. The high-energy roton minimum in the magnon dispersion appears to be induced by strong magnon-Higgs scattering.

  16. Large exchange-dominated domain wall velocities in antiferromagnetically coupled nanowires

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuteifan, Majd; Lubarda, M. V.; Fu, S.; Chang, R.; Escobar, M. A.; Mangin, S.; Fullerton, E. E.; Lomakin, V.

    2016-04-01

    Magnetic nanowires supporting field- and current-driven domain wall motion are envisioned for methods of information storage and processing. A major obstacle for their practical use is the domain-wall velocity, which is traditionally limited for low fields and currents due to the Walker breakdown occurring when the driving component reaches a critical threshold value. We show through numerical and analytical modeling that the Walker breakdown limit can be extended or completely eliminated in antiferromagnetically coupled magnetic nanowires. These coupled nanowires allow for large domain-wall velocities driven by field and/or current as compared to conventional nanowires.

  17. Spinon confinement in a quasi-one-dimensional XXZ Heisenberg antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lake, Bella; Bera, Anup K.; Essler, Fabian H. L.; Vanderstraeten, Laurens; Hubig, Claudius; Schollwock, Ulrich; Islam, A. T. M. Nazmul; Schneidewind, Astrid; Quintero-Castro, Diana L.

    Half-integer spin Heisenberg chains constitute a key paradigm for quantum number fractionalization: flipping a spin creates a minimum of two elementary spinon excitations. These have been observed in numerous experiments. We report on inelastic neutron scattering experiments on the quasi-one-dimensional anisotropic spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet SrCo2V2O8. These reveal a mechanism for temperature-induced spinon confinement, manifesting itself in the formation of sequences of spinon bound states. A theoretical description of this effect is achieved by a combination of analytical and numerical methods.

  18. Magnetic response of hybrid ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic core-shell nanostructures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khan, U.; Li, W. J.; Adeela, N.; Irfan, M.; Javed, K.; Wan, C. H.; Riaz, S.; Han, X. F.

    2016-03-01

    The synthesis of FeTiO3-Ni(Ni80Fe20) core-shell nanostructures by a two-step method (sol-gel and DC electrodeposition) has been demonstrated. XRD analysis confirms the rhombohedral crystal structure of FeTiO3(FTO) with space group R3&cmb.macr;. Transmission electron microscopy clearly depicts better morphology of nanostructures with shell thicknesses of ~25 nm. Room temperature magnetic measurements showed significant enhancement of magnetic anisotropy for the permalloy (Ni80Fe20)-FTO over Ni-FTO core-shell nanostructures. Low temperature magnetic measurements of permalloy-FeTiO3 core-shell structure indicated a strong exchange bias mechanism with magnetic coercivity below the antiferromagnetic Neel temperature (TN = 59 K). The exchange bias is attributed to the alignment of magnetic moments in the antiferromagnetic material at low temperature. Our scheme opens a path towards optimum automotive systems and wireless communications wherein broader bandwidths and smaller sizes are required.The synthesis of FeTiO3-Ni(Ni80Fe20) core-shell nanostructures by a two-step method (sol-gel and DC electrodeposition) has been demonstrated. XRD analysis confirms the rhombohedral crystal structure of FeTiO3(FTO) with space group R3&cmb.macr;. Transmission electron microscopy clearly depicts better morphology of nanostructures with shell thicknesses of ~25 nm. Room temperature magnetic measurements showed significant enhancement of magnetic anisotropy for the permalloy (Ni80Fe20)-FTO over Ni-FTO core-shell nanostructures. Low temperature magnetic measurements of permalloy-FeTiO3 core-shell structure indicated a strong exchange bias mechanism with magnetic coercivity below the antiferromagnetic Neel temperature (TN = 59 K). The exchange bias is attributed to the alignment of magnetic moments in the antiferromagnetic material at low temperature. Our scheme opens a path towards optimum automotive systems and wireless communications wherein broader bandwidths and smaller sizes are

  19. Coulomb- and Antiferromagnetic-Induced Fission in Doubly Charged Cubelike Fe-S Clusters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Xin; Wang, Xue-Bin; Niu, Shuqiang; Pickett, Chris J.; Ichiye, Toshiko; Wang, Lai-Sheng

    2002-09-01

    We report the observation of symmetric fission in doubly charged Fe-S cluster anions, [Fe4S4X4]2- -->2[Fe2S2X2]- (X=Cl,Br), owing to both Coulomb repulsion and antiferromagnetic coupling. Photoelectron spectroscopy shows that both the parent and the fission fragments have similar electronic structures and confirms the inverted energy schemes due to the strong spin polarization of the Fe 3d levels. The current observation provides direct confirmation for the unusual spin couplings in the [Fe4S4X4]2- clusters, which contain two valent-delocalized and ferromagnetically coupled Fe2S2 subunits.

  20. Strong Coupling of Microwave Photons to Antiferromagnetic Fluctuations in an Organic Magnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mergenthaler, Matthias; Liu, Junjie; Le Roy, Jennifer J.; Ares, Natalia; Thompson, Amber L.; Bogani, Lapo; Luis, Fernando; Blundell, Stephen J.; Lancaster, Tom; Ardavan, Arzhang; Briggs, G. Andrew D.; Leek, Peter J.; Laird, Edward A.

    2017-10-01

    Coupling between a crystal of di(phenyl)-(2,4,6-trinitrophenyl)iminoazanium radicals and a superconducting microwave resonator is investigated in a circuit quantum electrodynamics (circuit QED) architecture. The crystal exhibits paramagnetic behavior above 4 K, with antiferromagnetic correlations appearing below this temperature, and we demonstrate strong coupling at base temperature. The magnetic resonance acquires a field angle dependence as the crystal is cooled down, indicating anisotropy of the exchange interactions. These results show that multispin modes in organic crystals are suitable for circuit QED, offering a platform for their coherent manipulation. They also utilize the circuit QED architecture as a way to probe spin correlations at low temperature.

  1. Nonmonotonic and anisotropic magnetoresistance effect in antiferromagnet CaMn2Bi2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kawaguchi, N.; Urata, T.; Hatano, T.; Iida, K.; Ikuta, H.

    2018-04-01

    We found a large and unique magnetoresistance (MR) effect for CaMn2Bi2 . When the magnetic field was applied along the crystallographic c axis at low temperatures, the resistivity increased with the magnetic field and the MR ratio reached several hundred percent, but then it decreased with further increasing the applied field. In addition, the angle dependence measurement revealed a strong anisotropy. This compound is an antiferromagnetic semiconductor with a narrow band gap, and Mn atoms form a corrugated honeycomb lattice. Therefore, a frustration among the magnetic moments is expected, and we propose that our observations can be understood by a nonmonotonic modulation of magnetic fluctuation under the magnetic field.

  2. Antiferromagnetism in EuCu 2As 2 and EuCu 1.82Sb 2 single crystals

    DOE PAGES

    Anand, V. K.; Johnston, D. C.

    2015-05-07

    Single crystals of EuCu 2As 2 and EuCu 2Sb 2 were grown from CuAs and CuSb self-flux, respectively. The crystallographic, magnetic, thermal, and electronic transport properties of the single crystals were investigated by room-temperature x-ray diffraction (XRD), magnetic susceptibility χ versus temperature T, isothermal magnetization M versus magnetic field H, specific heat C p(T), and electrical resistivity ρ(T) measurements. EuCu 2As 2 crystallizes in the body-centered tetragonal ThCr 2Si 2-type structure (space group I4/mmm), whereas EuCu 2Sb 2 crystallizes in the related primitive tetragonal CaBe 2Ge 2-type structure (space group P4/nmm). The energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy and XRD data for themore » EuCu 2Sb 2 crystals showed the presence of vacancies on the Cu sites, yielding the actual composition EuCu 1.82Sb 2. The ρ(T) and C p(T) data reveal metallic character for both EuCu 2As 2 and EuCu 1.82Sb 2. Antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordering is indicated from the χ(T),C p(T), and ρ(T) data for both EuCu 2As 2 (T N = 17.5 K) and EuCu 1.82Sb 2 (T N = 5.1 K). In EuCu 1.82Sb 2, the ordered-state χ(T) and M(H) data suggest either a collinear A-type AFM ordering of Eu +2 spins S = 7/2 or a planar noncollinear AFM structure, with the ordered moments oriented in the tetragonal ab plane in either case. This ordered-moment orientation for the A-type AFM is consistent with calculations with magnetic dipole interactions. As a result, the anisotropic χ(T) and isothermal M(H) data for EuCu 2As 2, also containing Eu +2 spins S = 7/2, strongly deviate from the predictions of molecular field theory for collinear AFM ordering and the AFM structure appears to be both noncollinear and noncoplanar.« less

  3. Strain-Driven Nanoscale Phase Competition near the Antipolar-Nonpolar Phase Boundary in Bi0.7La0.3FeO3 Thin Films.

    PubMed

    Dedon, Liv R; Chen, Zuhuang; Gao, Ran; Qi, Yajun; Arenholz, Elke; Martin, Lane W

    2018-05-02

    Complex-oxide materials tuned to be near phase boundaries via chemistry/composition, temperature, pressure, etc. are known to exhibit large susceptibilities. Here, we observe a strain-driven nanoscale phase competition in epitaxially constrained Bi 0.7 La 0.3 FeO 3 thin films near the antipolar-nonpolar phase boundary and explore the evolution of the structural, dielectric, (anti)ferroelectric, and magnetic properties with strain. We find that compressive and tensile strains can stabilize an antipolar PbZrO 3 -like Pbam phase and a nonpolar Pnma orthorhombic phase, respectively. Heterostructures grown with little to no strain exhibit a self-assembled nanoscale mixture of the two orthorhombic phases, wherein the relative fraction of each phase can be modified with film thickness. Subsequent investigation of the dielectric and (anti)ferroelectric properties reveals an electric-field-driven phase transformation from the nonpolar phase to the antipolar phase. X-ray linear dichroism reveals that the antiferromagnetic-spin axes can be effectively modified by the strain-induced phase transition. This evolution of antiferromagnetic-spin axes can be leveraged in exchange coupling between the antiferromagnetic Bi 0.7 La 0.3 FeO 3 and a ferromagnetic Co 0.9 Fe 0.1 layer to tune the ferromagnetic easy axis of the Co 0.9 Fe 0.1 . These results demonstrate that besides chemical alloying, epitaxial strain is an alternative and effective way to modify subtle phase relations and tune physical properties in rare earth-alloyed BiFeO 3 . Furthermore, the observation of antiferroelectric-antiferromagnetic properties in the Pbam Bi 0.7 La 0.3 FeO 3 phase could be of significant scientific interest and great potential in magnetoelectric devices because of its dual antiferroic nature.

  4. Manifolds of magnetic ordered states and excitations in the almost Heisenberg pyrochlore antiferromagnet MgCr2O4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gao, S.; Guratinder, K.; Stuhr, U.; White, J. S.; Mansson, M.; Roessli, B.; Fennell, T.; Tsurkan, V.; Loidl, A.; Ciomaga Hatnean, M.; Balakrishnan, G.; Raymond, S.; Chapon, L.; Garlea, V. O.; Savici, A. T.; Cervellino, A.; Bombardi, A.; Chernyshov, D.; Rüegg, Ch.; Haraldsen, J. T.; Zaharko, O.

    2018-04-01

    In spinels A Cr2O4(A =Mg, Zn), realization of the classical pyrochlore Heisenberg antiferromagnet model is complicated by a strong spin-lattice coupling: the extensive degeneracy of the ground state is lifted by a magneto-structural transition at TN=12.5 K. We study the resulting low-temperature low-symmetry crystal structure by synchrotron x-ray diffraction. The consistent features of x-ray low-temperature patterns are explained by the tetragonal model of Ehrenberg et al. [Pow. Diff. 17, 230 (2002), 10.1154/1.1479738], while other features depend on sample or cooling protocol. A complex, partially ordered magnetic state is studied by neutron diffraction and spherical neutron polarimetry. Multiple magnetic domains of configuration arms of the propagation vectors k1=(1/2 1/2 0 ) ,k2=(1 0 1/2 ) appear. The ordered moment reaches 1.94(3) μB/Cr3 + for k1 and 2.08(3) μB/Cr3 + for k2, if equal amount of the k1 and k2 phases is assumed. The magnetic arrangements have the dominant components along the [110] and [1 -10 ] diagonals and a smaller c component. We use inelastic neutron scattering to investigate the spin excitations, which comprise a mixture of dispersive spin waves propagating from the magnetic Bragg peaks and resonance modes centered at equal energy steps of 4.5 meV. We interpret these as acoustic and optical spin wave branches, but show that the neutron scattering cross sections of transitions within a unit of two corner-sharing tetrahedra match the observed intensity distribution of the resonances. The distinctive fingerprint of clusterlike excitations in the optical spin wave branches suggests that propagating excitations are localized by the complex crystal structure and magnetic orders.

  5. Decoupling of the antiferromagnetic and insulating states in Tb-doped Sr 2IrO 4

    DOE PAGES

    Wang, J. C.; Aswartham, S.; Ye, Feng; ...

    2015-12-08

    Sr 2IrO 4 is a spin-orbit coupled insulator with an antiferromagnetic (AFM) transition at T N = 240 K. We report results of a comprehensive study of single-crystal Sr 2Ir 1-xTb xO 4 (0≤x≤0.03). This study found that mere 3% (x=0.03) tetravalent Tb 4+(4f 7) substituting for Ir 4+ (rather than Sr 2+) completely suppresses the long-range collinear AFM transition but retains the insulating state, leading to a phase diagram featuring a decoupling of magnetic interactions and charge gap. The insulating state at x = 0.03 is characterized by an unusually large specific heat at low temperatures and an incommensuratemore » magnetic state having magnetic peaks at (0.95, 0, 0) and (0, 0.95, 0) in the neutron diffraction, suggesting a spiral or spin density wave order. It is apparent that Tb doping effectively changes the relative strength of the SOI and the tetragonal CEF and enhances the Hund’s rule coupling that competes with the SOI, and destabilizes the AFM state. However, the disappearance of the AFM accompanies no metallic state chiefly because an energy level mismatch for the Ir and Tb sites weakens charge carrier hopping and renders a persistent insulating state. Furthermore, this work highlights an unconventional correlation between the AFM and insulating states in which the magnetic transition plays no critical role in the formation of the charge gap in the iridate.« less

  6. Phase-space networks of geometrically frustrated systems.

    PubMed

    Han, Yilong

    2009-11-01

    We illustrate a network approach to the phase-space study by using two geometrical frustration models: antiferromagnet on triangular lattice and square ice. Their highly degenerated ground states are mapped as discrete networks such that the quantitative network analysis can be applied to phase-space studies. The resulting phase spaces share some comon features and establish a class of complex networks with unique Gaussian spectral densities. Although phase-space networks are heterogeneously connected, the systems are still ergodic due to the random Poisson processes. This network approach can be generalized to phase spaces of some other complex systems.

  7. Combining microscopic and macroscopic probes to untangle the single-ion anisotropy and exchange energies in an S =1 quantum antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brambleby, Jamie; Manson, Jamie L.; Goddard, Paul A.; Stone, Matthew B.; Johnson, Roger D.; Manuel, Pascal; Villa, Jacqueline A.; Brown, Craig M.; Lu, Helen; Chikara, Shalinee; Zapf, Vivien; Lapidus, Saul H.; Scatena, Rebecca; Macchi, Piero; Chen, Yu-sheng; Wu, Lai-Chin; Singleton, John

    2017-04-01

    The magnetic ground state of the quasi-one-dimensional spin-1 antiferromagnetic chain is sensitive to the relative sizes of the single-ion anisotropy (D ) and the intrachain (J ) and interchain (J') exchange interactions. The ratios D /J and J'/J dictate the material's placement in one of three competing phases: a Haldane gapped phase, a quantum paramagnet, and an X Y -ordered state, with a quantum critical point at their junction. We have identified [Ni (HF2) (pyz) 2] SbF6 , where pyz = pyrazine, as a rare candidate in which this behavior can be explored in detail. Combining neutron scattering (elastic and inelastic) in applied magnetic fields of up to 10 tesla and magnetization measurements in fields of up to 60 tesla with numerical modeling of experimental observables, we are able to obtain accurate values of all of the parameters of the Hamiltonian [D =13.3 (1 ) K, J =10.4 (3 ) K, and J'=1.4 (2 ) K], despite the polycrystalline nature of the sample. Density-functional theory calculations result in similar couplings (J =9.2 K, J'=1.8 K) and predict that the majority of the total spin population resides on the Ni(II) ion, while the remaining spin density is delocalized over both ligand types. The general procedures outlined in this paper permit phase boundaries and quantum-critical points to be explored in anisotropic systems for which single crystals are as yet unavailable.

  8. Antiferromagnetic Interlayer Exchange Coupling in All-Semiconducting EuS/PbS/EuS Trilayers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smits, C. J. P.; Filip, A. T.; Swagten, H. J. M.; Koopmans, B.; deJonge, W. J. M.; Chernyshova, M.; Kowalczyk, L.; Grasza, K.; Szczerbakow, A.; Story, T.

    2003-01-01

    A comprehensive experimental study on the antiferromagnetic interlayer exchange coupling in high quality epitaxial all-semiconducting EuSPbSEuS trilayers is reported. The influence of substrates, the thickness of the non-magnetic PbS spacer layer, and of temperature, was investigated by means of SQUID magnetometry. In trilayers with a PbS thickness between 4 and 12 deg A the low temperature hysteresis loops showed the signature of antiferromagnetic coupling. The value of the interlayer exchange coupling energy was determined by simulating the data with a modified Stoner model, including Zeeman, anisotropy, and exchange coupling energies. An important observation was of a strong dependence of the interlayer exchange coupling energy on temperature, consistent with a power law dependence of the exchange coupling constant on the saturation magnetization of the EuS layers. While no theoretical description is readily available, we conjecture that the observed behavior is due to a dependence of the interlayer exchange coupling energy on the exchange splitting of the EuS conduction band.

  9. Spin-isotropic continuum of spin excitations in antiferromagnetically ordered Fe1.07Te

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Song, Yu; Lu, Xingye; Regnault, L.-P.; Su, Yixi; Lai, Hsin-Hua; Hu, Wen-Jun; Si, Qimiao; Dai, Pengcheng

    2018-02-01

    Unconventional superconductivity typically emerges in the presence of quasidegenerate ground states, and the associated intense fluctuations are likely responsible for generating the superconducting state. Here we use polarized neutron scattering to study the spin space anisotropy of spin excitations in Fe1.07Te exhibiting bicollinear antiferromagnetic (AF) order, the parent compound of FeTe1 -xSex superconductors. We confirm that the low-energy spin excitations are transverse spin waves, consistent with a local-moment origin of the bicollinear AF order. While the ordered moments lie in the a b plane in Fe1.07Te , it takes less energy for them to fluctuate out of plane, similar to BaFe2As2 and NaFeAs. At energies above E ≳20 meV, we find magnetic scattering to be dominated by an isotropic continuum that persists up to at least 50 meV. Although the isotropic spin excitations cannot be ascribed to spin waves from a long-range-ordered local-moment antiferromagnet, the continuum can result from the bicollinear magnetic order ground state of Fe1.07Te being quasidegenerate with plaquette magnetic order.

  10. Electrical switching of antiferromagnets via strongly spin-orbit coupled materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Xi-Lai; Duan, Xiaopeng; Semenov, Yuriy G.; Kim, Ki Wook

    2017-01-01

    Electrically controlled ultra-fast switching of an antiferromagnet (AFM) is shown to be realizable by interfacing it with a material of strong spin-orbit coupling. The proximity interaction between the sublattice magnetic moments of a layered AFM and the spin-polarized free electrons at the interface offers an efficient way to manipulate antiferromagnetic states. A quantitative analysis, using the combination with a topological insulator as an example, demonstrates highly reliable 90° and 180° rotations of AFM magnetic states under two different mechanisms of effective torque generation at the interface. The estimated switching speed and energy requirement are in the ps and aJ ranges, respectively, which are about two-three orders of magnitude better than the ferromagnetic counterparts. The observed differences in the magnetization dynamics may explain the disparate characteristic responses. Unlike the usual precessional/chiral motions in the ferromagnets, those of the AFMs can essentially be described as a damped oscillator with a more direct path. The impact of random thermal fluctuations is also examined.

  11. Antiferromagnetic order and the structural order-disorder transition in the Cd6Ho quasicrystal approximant

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kreyssig, Andreas; Beutier, Guillaume; Hiroto, Takanobu; Kim, Min Gyu; Tucker, Gregory S.; de Boissieu, Marc; Tamura, Ryuji; Goldman, Alan I.

    2013-09-01

    It has generally been accepted that the orientational ordering of the Cd4 tetrahedron within the Cd6 R quasicrystal approximants is kinetically inhibited for R = Ho, Er, Tm and Lu by steric constraints. Our high-resolution X-ray scattering measurements of the Cd6Ho quasicrystal approximant, however, reveal an abrupt (first-order) transition to a monoclinic structure below T S = 178 K for samples that have 'aged' at room temperature for approximately one year, reopening this question. Using X-ray resonant magnetic scattering at the Ho L 3-edge we have elucidated the nature of the antiferromagnetic ordering below T N = 8.5 K in Cd6Ho. The magnetic Bragg peaks are found at the charge forbidden H + K + L = 2n + 1 positions, referenced to the high-temperature body-centred cubic structure. In general terms, this corresponds to antiferromagnetic arrangements of the Ho moments on adjacent clusters in the unit cell as previously found for Cd6Tb.

  12. On the evolution of antiferromagnetic nanodomains in NiO thin films: A LEEM study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Das, Jayanta; Menon, Krishnakumar S. R.

    2018-03-01

    Fractional order (1/2, 0) spots appear in the electron diffraction from NiO/Ag(0 0 1) films due to exchange scattering of low energy electrons by the antiferromagnetically ordered surface Ni moments. Utilizing these beams, imaging of the nanosized surface magnetic domains were carried out employing the high spatial resolution (∼ 10 nm) of the Low Energy Electron Microscopy (LEEM) in the dark-field (DF) mode. While selected through a contrast aperture, the four magnetic reflections produced by the p (2 × 2) antiferromagnetic sub-lattice lead to the visualization of the different magnetic twin domains. The intensity variations of different twin domains were measured as a function of electron beam energies via domain resolved LEEM I-V plots. The surface Néel temperatures (TN) of the films were measured using the temperature dependence of these half-order spot intensities. Detailed morphological studies of the size and shape of these nanodomains and their evolution as a function of the film thickness have been carried out with the help of pair-correlation function and fractal analysis. The size, shape and distribution of these magnetic domains are modified significantly by the strain relaxation mechanism beyond the critical film thickness. A method to estimate the relative domain sizes from a quantitative measure of the half-order spot intensities is manifested well below TN .

  13. Large valley splitting in monolayer WS2 by proximity coupling to an insulating antiferromagnetic substrate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Lei; Yang, Ming; Shen, Lei; Zhou, Jun; Zhu, Tao; Feng, Yuan Ping

    2018-01-01

    Lifting the valley degeneracy is an efficient way to achieve valley polarization for further valleytronics operations. In this Rapid Communication, we demonstrate that a large valley splitting can be obtained in monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides by magnetic proximity coupling to an insulating antiferromagnetic substrate. As an example, we perform first-principles calculations to investigate the electronic structures of monolayer WS2 on the MnO(111) surface. Our calculation results suggest that a large valley splitting of 214 meV, which corresponds to a Zeeman magnetic field of 1516 T, is induced in the valence band of monolayer WS2. The magnitude of valley splitting relies on the strength of interfacial orbital hybridization and can be tuned continually by applying an external out-of-plane pressure and in-plane strain. More interestingly, we find that both spin and valley index will flip when the magnetic ordering of MnO is reversed. Besides, owing to the sizable Berry curvature and time-reversal symmetry breaking in the WS2/MnO heterostructure, a spin- and valley-polarized anomalous Hall current can be generated in the presence of an in-plane electric field, which allows one to detect valleys by the electrical approach. Our results shed light on the realization of valleytronic devices using the antiferromagnetic insulator as the substrate.

  14. Ligand effects on the ferro- to antiferromagnetic exchange ratio in bis(o-semiquinonato)copper(II).

    PubMed

    Ovcharenko, Victor I; Gorelik, Elena V; Fokin, Sergey V; Romanenko, Galina V; Ikorskii, Vladimir N; Krashilina, Anna V; Cherkasov, Vladimir K; Abakumov, Gleb A

    2007-08-29

    Heterospin complexes [Cu(SQ)2Py].C7H8, Cu(SQ)2DABCO, and [Cu(SQ)2NIT-mPy].C6H6, where Cu(SQ)2 is bis(3,6-di-tert-butyl-o-benzosemiquinonato)copper(II), DABCO is 1,4-diazabicyclo(2,2,2)octane, and NIT-mPy is the nitronyl nitroxide 2-(pyridin-3-yl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazole-3-oxide-1-oxyl, have been synthesized. The molecules of these complexes have a specific combination of the intramolecular ferro- and antiferromagnetic exchange interactions between the odd electrons of Cu(II) and SQ ligands, characterized by large exchange coupling parameters |J| approximately 100-300 cm(-1). X-ray and magnetochemical studies of a series of mixed-ligand compounds revealed that an extra ligand (Py, NIT-mPy, or DABCO) coordinated to the metal atom produces a dramatic effect on the magnetic properties of the complex, changing the multiplicity of the ground state. Quantum chemical analysis of magnetostructural correlations showed that the energy of the antiferromagnetic exchange interaction between the odd electrons of the SQ ligands in the Cu(SQ)2 bischelate is extremely sensitive to both the nature of the extra ligand and structural distortions of the coordination unit, arising from extra ligand coordination.

  15. Ising antiferromagnet on a finite triangular lattice with free boundary conditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Seung-Yeon

    2015-11-01

    The exact integer values for the density of states of the Ising model on an equilateral triangular lattice with free boundary conditions are evaluated up to L = 24 spins on a side for the first time by using the microcanonical transfer matrix. The total number of states is 2 N s = 2300 ≈ 2.037 × 1090 for L = 24, where N s = L( L+1)/2 is the number of spins. Classifying all 2300 spin states according to their energy values is an enormous work. From the density of states, the exact partition function zeros in the complex temperature plane of the triangular-lattice Ising model are evaluated. Using the density of states and the partition function zeros, we investigate the properties of the triangularlattice Ising antiferromagnet. The scaling behavior of the ground-state entropy and the form of the correlation length at T = 0 are studied for the triangular-lattice Ising antiferromagnet with free boundary conditions. Also, the scaling behavior of the Fisher edge singularity is investigated.

  16. Magnetic response of hybrid ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic core-shell nanostructures.

    PubMed

    Khan, U; Li, W J; Adeela, N; Irfan, M; Javed, K; Wan, C H; Riaz, S; Han, X F

    2016-03-21

    The synthesis of FeTiO3-Ni(Ni80Fe20) core-shell nanostructures by a two-step method (sol-gel and DC electrodeposition) has been demonstrated. XRD analysis confirms the rhombohedral crystal structure of FeTiO3(FTO) with space group R3[combining macron]. Transmission electron microscopy clearly depicts better morphology of nanostructures with shell thicknesses of ∼25 nm. Room temperature magnetic measurements showed significant enhancement of magnetic anisotropy for the permalloy (Ni80Fe20)-FTO over Ni-FTO core-shell nanostructures. Low temperature magnetic measurements of permalloy-FeTiO3 core-shell structure indicated a strong exchange bias mechanism with magnetic coercivity below the antiferromagnetic Neel temperature (TN = 59 K). The exchange bias is attributed to the alignment of magnetic moments in the antiferromagnetic material at low temperature. Our scheme opens a path towards optimum automotive systems and wireless communications wherein broader bandwidths and smaller sizes are required.

  17. NMR studies of the helical antiferromagnetic compound EuCo 2P 2

    SciTech Connect

    Higa, N.; Ding, Q. -P.; Johnston, D. C.

    In EuCo 2P 2, 4 f electron spins of Eu 2+ ions order antiferromagnetically below a Neel temperature T N = 66.5K. The magnetic structure below T N was reported to be helical with the helix axis along the c-axis from the neutron diffraction study. We report the results of 153Eu, 59Co and 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements on EuCo 2P 2 using a single crystal and a powdered sample. In the antiferromagnetic (AFM) state, we succeeded in observing 153Eu, 59Co and 31P NMR spectra in zero magnetic field. The sharp 153Eu zero field NMR (ZF NMR) lines indicatemore » homogeneous Eu ordered moment. The 59Co and 31P ZF NMR spectra showed an asymmetric spectral shape, indicating a distribution of the internal magnetic induction at each nuclear position. The AFM propagation vector k characterizing the helical AFM state can be determined from the internal magnetic induction at Co site. In conclusion, we have determined the model-independent value of the AFM propagation vector k distributed from (0, 0, 0.86)2π/c to (0, 0, 0.73)2π/c, where c is the lattice parameter.« less

  18. NMR studies of the helical antiferromagnetic compound EuCo 2P 2

    DOE PAGES

    Higa, N.; Ding, Q. -P.; Johnston, D. C.; ...

    2017-09-18

    In EuCo 2P 2, 4 f electron spins of Eu 2+ ions order antiferromagnetically below a Neel temperature T N = 66.5K. The magnetic structure below T N was reported to be helical with the helix axis along the c-axis from the neutron diffraction study. We report the results of 153Eu, 59Co and 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements on EuCo 2P 2 using a single crystal and a powdered sample. In the antiferromagnetic (AFM) state, we succeeded in observing 153Eu, 59Co and 31P NMR spectra in zero magnetic field. The sharp 153Eu zero field NMR (ZF NMR) lines indicatemore » homogeneous Eu ordered moment. The 59Co and 31P ZF NMR spectra showed an asymmetric spectral shape, indicating a distribution of the internal magnetic induction at each nuclear position. The AFM propagation vector k characterizing the helical AFM state can be determined from the internal magnetic induction at Co site. In conclusion, we have determined the model-independent value of the AFM propagation vector k distributed from (0, 0, 0.86)2π/c to (0, 0, 0.73)2π/c, where c is the lattice parameter.« less

  19. NMR studies of the helical antiferromagnetic compound EuCo2P2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Higa, N.; Ding, Q.-P.; Kubota, F.; Uehara, H.; Yogi, M.; Furukawa, Y.; Sangeetha, N. S.; Johnston, D. C.; Nakamura, A.; Hedo, M.; Nakama, T.; Ōnuki, Y.

    2018-05-01

    In EuCo2P2, 4f electron spins of Eu2+ ions order antiferromagnetically below a Néel temperature TN = 66.5 K . The magnetic structure below TN was reported to be helical with the helix axis along the c-axis from the neutron diffraction study. We report the results of 153Eu, 59Co and 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements on EuCo2P2 using a single crystal and a powdered sample. In the antiferromagnetic (AFM) state, we succeeded in observing 153Eu, 59Co and 31P NMR spectra in zero magnetic field. The sharp 153Eu zero field NMR (ZF NMR) lines indicate homogeneous Eu ordered moment. The 59Co and 31P ZF NMR spectra showed an asymmetric spectral shape, indicating a distribution of the internal magnetic induction at each nuclear position. The AFM propagation vector k characterizing the helical AFM state can be determined from the internal magnetic induction at Co site. We have determined the model-independent value of the AFM propagation vector k distributed from (0, 0, 0.86)2π/c to (0, 0, 0.73)2π/c, where c is the lattice parameter.

  20. Antiferromagnetic instability in Sr3Ru2O7: stabilized and revealed by dilute Mn impurities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hossain, Muhammed; Bohnenbuck, B.; Chuang, Y.-D.; Cruz, E.; Wu, H.-H.; Tjeng, L. H.; Elfimov, I. S.; Hussain, Z.; Keimer, B.; Sawatzky, G. A.; Damascelli, A.

    2009-03-01

    X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS) and Resonant Elastic Soft X-ray Scattering (RESXS) studies have been performed on Mn-doped Sr3Ru2O7, both on the Ru and Mn L-edges, to investigate the origin of the metal insulator transition. Extensive simulations based on our experimental findings point toward an intrinsic antiferromagnetic instability in the parent Sr3Ru2O7 compound that is stabilized by the dilute Mn impurities. We show that the metal-insulator transition is a direct consequence of the antiferromagnetic order and we propose a phenomenological model that may be applicable also to metal-insulator transitions seen in other oxides. Moreover, a comparison of Ru and Mn L-edge data on 5% Mn doped system reveals that dilute Mn impurities are generating much more intense signal than Ru which is occupying 95% of the lattice sites. This suggests the embedding of dilute impurities as a powerful mean to probe weak and, possibly, spatially inhomogeneous order in solid-state systems. In collaboration with: Y. Yoshida (AIST), J. Geck, D.G. Hawthorn (UBC), M.W. Haverkort, Z. Hu, C. Sch"ußler-Langeheine (Cologne), R. Mathieu, Y. Tokura, S. Satow, H. Takagi (Tokyo), J.D. Denlinger (ALS).