Science.gov

Sample records for a-type antiferromagnetic state

  1. Field-induced transition of the magnetic ground state from A-type antiferromagnetic to ferromagnetic order in CsCo2Se2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    von Rohr, Fabian; Krzton-Maziopa, Anna; Pomjakushin, Vladimir; Grundmann, Henrik; Guguchia, Zurab; Schnick, Wolfgang; Schilling, Andreas

    2016-07-01

    We report on the magnetic properties of CsCo2Se2 with ThCr2Si2 structure, which we have characterized through a series of magnetization and neutron diffraction measurements. We find that CsCo2Se2 undergoes a phase transition to an antiferromagnetically ordered state with a Néel temperature of {{T}\\text{N}}≈ 66 K. The nearest neighbour interactions are ferromagnetic as observed by the positive Curie-Weiss temperature of \\Theta≈ 51.0 K. We find that the magnetic structure of CsCo2Se2 consists of ferromagnetic sheets, which are stacked antiferromagnetically along the tetragonal c-axis, generally referred to as A-type antiferromagnetic order. The observed magnitude of the ordered magnetic moment at T  =  1.5 K is found to be only 0.20(1){μ\\text{Bohr}}  / Co. Already in comparably small magnetic fields of {μ0}H{{}\\text{MM}}(5~K)≈ 0.3 T, we observe a metamagnetic transition that can be attributed to spin-rearrangements of CsCo2Se2, with the moments fully ferromagnetically saturated in a magnetic field of {μ0}{{H}\\text{FM}}(5~K)≈ 6.4 T. We discuss the entire experimentally deduced magnetic phase diagram for CsCo2Se2 with respect to its unconventionally weak magnetic coupling. Our study characterizes CsCo2Se2, which is chemically and electronically posed closely to the A x Fe2-y Se2 superconductors, as a host of versatile magnetic interactions.

  2. Antiferromagnetic state in bilayer graphene

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kharitonov, Maxim

    2012-11-01

    Motivated by the recent experiment of Velasco Jr. [J. Velasco Jr. , Nat. Nanotechnology1748-338710.1038/nnano.2011.251 7, 156 (2012)], we develop a mean-field theory of the interaction-induced antiferromagnetic (AF) state in bilayer graphene at charge neutrality point at arbitrary perpendicular magnetic field B. We demonstrate that the AF state can persist at all B. At higher B, the state continuously crosses over to the AF phase of the ν=0 quantum Hall ferromagnet, recently argued to be realized in the insulating ν=0 state. The mean-field quasiparticle gap is finite at B=0 and grows with increasing B, becoming quasilinear in the quantum Hall regime, in accord with the reported behavior of the transport gap. By adjusting the two free parameters of the model, we obtain a simultaneous quantitative agreement between the experimental and theoretical values of the key parameters of the gap dependence—its zero-field value and slope at higher fields. Our findings suggest that the insulating state observed in bilayer graphene in Ref. is antiferromagnetic (canted, once the Zeeman effect is taken into account) at all magnetic fields.

  3. Preparation of Entangled and Antiferromagnetic States by Dissipative Rydberg Pumping

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carr, A. W.; Saffman, M.

    2013-07-01

    We propose and analyze an approach for preparation of high fidelity entanglement and antiferromagnetic states using Rydberg mediated interactions with dissipation. Using asymmetric Rydberg interactions the two-atom Bell singlet is a dark state of the Rydberg pumping process. Master equation simulations demonstrate Bell singlet preparation fidelity F=0.998. Antiferromagnetic states are generated on a four-spin plaquette in agreement with results found from diagonalization of the transverse field Ising Hamiltonian.

  4. Anisotropic resonance modes emerging in an antiferromagnetic superconducting state.

    PubMed

    Waßer, F; Lee, C H; Kihou, K; Steffens, P; Schmalzl, K; Qureshi, N; Braden, M

    2017-09-04

    Two strong arguments in favor of magnetically driven unconventional superconductivity arise from the coexistence and closeness of superconducting and magnetically ordered phases on the one hand, and from the emergence of magnetic spin-resonance modes at the superconducting transition on the other hand. Combining these two arguments one may ask about the nature of superconducting spin-resonance modes occurring in an antiferromagnetic state. This problem can be studied in underdoped BaFe2 As2, for which the local coexistence of large moment antiferromagnetism and superconductivity is well established by local probes. However, polarized neutron scattering experiments are required to identify the nature of the resonance modes. In the normal state of Co underdoped BaFe2 As2 the antiferromagnetic order results in broad magnetic gaps opening in all three spin directions that are reminiscent of the magnetic response in the parent compound. In the superconducting state two distinct anisotropic resonance excitations emerge, but in contrast to numerous studies on optimum and over-doped BaFe2 As2 there is no isotropic resonance excitation. The two anisotropic resonance modes appearing within the antiferromagnetic phase are attributed to a band selective superconducting state, in which longitudinal magnetic excitations are gapped by antiferromagnetic order with sizable moment.

  5. Wall-like spin excitations in A-type antiferromagnetic CaCo2As2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sapkota, A.; Ueland, B. G.; Pandey, Abhishek; Johnston, D. C.; Kreyssig, A.; McQueeney, R. J.; Goldman, A. I.; Anand, V. K.; Niedziela, J. L.; Abernathy, D. L.

    The ACo2As2 (A = Ca, Sr, Ba) compounds are structurally and chemically similar to AFe2As2 and possess some interesting similarities and differences in their magnetism. We recently discovered that SrCo2As2 has stripe antiferromagnetic (AFM) spin correlations similar to stripe-ordered AFe2As2. On the other hand, CaCo2As2 orders in an A-type AFM structure with ferromagnetic correlation of the spins in the square-lattice Co-layer and AFM correlations between layers. Despite the A-type order, our recent inelastic neutron scattering measurements show that spin excitations in CaCo2As2 are not associated with either the A-type or stripe-type order. Instead, we observe broad excitations that extend longitudinally (along (1,1,0) in reciprocal space), but remain sharply defined in the transverse direction. These excitations seem to be best characterized as a ``wall'' of scattering and suggest that CaCo2As2 has quasi-one-dimensional spin dynamics very different than in AFe2As2 and SrCo2As2. Work at Ames Laboratory was supported by US DOE, Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering, under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11358. Work at ORNL was supported by US DOE, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Scientific User Facilities Division.

  6. Striped spin liquid crystal ground state instability of kagome antiferromagnets.

    PubMed

    Clark, Bryan K; Kinder, Jesse M; Neuscamman, Eric; Chan, Garnet Kin-Lic; Lawler, Michael J

    2013-11-01

    The Dirac spin liquid ground state of the spin 1/2 Heisenberg kagome antiferromagnet has potential instabilities. This has been suggested as the reason why it does not emerge as the ground state in large-scale numerical calculations. However, previous attempts to observe these instabilities have failed. We report on the discovery of a projected BCS state with lower energy than the projected Dirac spin liquid state which provides new insight into the stability of the ground state of the kagome antiferromagnet. The new state has three remarkable features. First, it breaks spatial symmetry in an unusual way that may leave spinons deconfined along one direction. Second, it breaks the U(1) gauge symmetry down to Z(2). Third, it has the spatial symmetry of a previously proposed "monopole" suggesting that it is an instability of the Dirac spin liquid. The state described herein also shares a remarkable similarity to the distortion of the kagome lattice observed at low Zn concentrations in Zn-paratacamite and in recently grown single crystals of volborthite suggesting it may already be realized in these materials.

  7. Antiferromagnetic spintronics.

    PubMed

    Jungwirth, T; Marti, X; Wadley, P; Wunderlich, J

    2016-03-01

    Antiferromagnetic materials are internally magnetic, but the direction of their ordered microscopic moments alternates between individual atomic sites. The resulting zero net magnetic moment makes magnetism in antiferromagnets externally invisible. This implies that information stored in antiferromagnetic moments would be invisible to common magnetic probes, insensitive to disturbing magnetic fields, and the antiferromagnetic element would not magnetically affect its neighbours, regardless of how densely the elements are arranged in the device. The intrinsic high frequencies of antiferromagnetic dynamics represent another property that makes antiferromagnets distinct from ferromagnets. Among the outstanding questions is how to manipulate and detect the magnetic state of an antiferromagnet efficiently. In this Review we focus on recent works that have addressed this question. The field of antiferromagnetic spintronics can also be viewed from the general perspectives of spin transport, magnetic textures and dynamics, and materials research. We briefly mention this broader context, together with an outlook of future research and applications of antiferromagnetic spintronics.

  8. Antiferromagnetic ground state in NpCoGe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Colineau, E.; Griveau, J.-C.; Eloirdi, R.; Gaczyński, P.; Khmelevskyi, S.; Shick, A. B.; Caciuffo, R.

    2014-03-01

    NpCoGe, the neptunium analog of the ferromagnetic superconductor UCoGe, has been investigated by dc magnetization, ac susceptibility, specific heat, electrical resistivity, Hall effect, 237Np Mössbauer spectroscopy, and local spin-density approximation (LSDA) calculations. NpCoGe exhibits an antiferromagnetic ground state with a Néel temperature TN≈13 K and an average ordered magnetic moment <μNp>=0.80μB. The magnetic phase diagram has been determined and shows that the antiferromagnetic structure is destroyed by the application of a magnetic field (≈3 T). The value of the isomer shift suggests a Np3+ charge state (configuration 5f4). A high Sommerfeld coefficient value for NpCoGe (170 mJ mol-1 K-2) is inferred from specific heat. LSDA calculations indicate strong magnetic anisotropy and easy magnetization along the c axis. Mössbauer data and calculated exchange interactions support the possible occurrence of an elliptical spin-spiral structure in NpCoGe. The comparison with NpRhGe and uranium analogs suggests the leading role of 5f-d hybridization, the rather delocalized character of 5f electrons in NpCoGe, and the possible proximity of NpRuGe or NpFeGe to a magnetic quantum critical point.

  9. Spectral evolution with doping of an antiferromagnetic Mott state

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Huan-Kuang; Lee, Ting-Kuo

    2017-01-01

    Since the discovery of half-filled cuprate to be a Mott insulator, the excitation spectra above the chemical potential for the unoccupied states has attracted much research attention. There were many theoretical works using different numerical techniques to study this problem, but many have reached different conclusions. One of the reasons is the lack of very detailed high-resolution experimental results for the theories to be compared with. Recently, the scanning tunneling spectroscopy [P. Cai et al., Nat. Phys. 12, 1047 (2016), 10.1038/nphys3840; C. Ye et al., Nat. Commun. 4, 1365 (2013), 10.1038/ncomms2369] on lightly doped Mott insulator with an antiferromagnetic order found the presence of in-gap states with energy of order half an eV above the chemical potential. The measured spectral properties with doping are not quite consistent with earlier theoretical works. Although the experiment has disorder and localization effect, but for the energy scale we will study here, a model without disorder is sufficed to illustrate the underlying physics. We perform a diagonalization method on top of the variational Monte Carlo calculation to study the evolution of antiferromagnetic Mott state with doped hole concentration in the Hubbard model. Our results found in-gap states that behave similarly with ones reported by STS. These in-gap states acquire a substantial amount of dynamical spectral weight transferred from the upper Hubbard band. The in-gap states move toward chemical potential with increasing spectral weight as doping increases. Our result also provides information about the energy scale of these in-gap states in relation with the Coulomb coupling strength U .

  10. Studies on the ground state entropy of the Potts antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsai, Shan-Ho

    This dissertation reports recent results on the ground state degeneracy of the q-state antiferromagnetic Potts model. This model has a deep connection with graph theory in mathematics since the zero-temperature partition function of this model on a given lattice, or more generally on a graph G, is equal to the chromatic polynomial P(G, q), which expresses the number of ways of coloring the n vertices of a graph G using at most q colors such that no two adjacent vertices have the same color. The ground state degeneracy per site of the Potts antiferromagnet is given by W(\\{ G\\}, q) = limsb{n->infty}P(G, q)sp{1/n} (where \\{ G\\} denotes the limit as n-> infty of the family of n-vertex graphs of type G). Exact solutions for this problem are known in only very few special cases. We have obtained rigorous upper and lower bounds, large-q series expansions and Monte Carlo measurements of the ground state degeneracy W(Lambda,\\ q) of the antiferromagnetic Potts model on a number of two dimensional lattices. These bounds are shown to be very restrictive. In particular, the lower bounds coincide with many terms of the respective large-q series expansion and are very good approximations to the exact functions. Although q is an integer parameter in the definition of the initial model, it is instructive to generalize it to complex variable. We study the analytic structure of the function W(\\{ G\\}, q) in the complex q plane. We determine the exact locus {cal B} where W(\\{G\\}, q) is nonanalytic for a number of families of graphs G. We calculate chromatic polynomials on strip graphs of varying widths as a way of obtaining information on the two dimensional limit. For this purpose, we construct generating functions, which provide both the asymptotic limiting function W(\\{ G\\}, q) as well as chromatic polynomials for finite length strips. Exact calculation is presented for a number of families of strip graphs. Effects of different types of boundary conditions are examined

  11. Hedgehog Excitations and their Superconducting Cores in the Antiferromagnetic State of SO(5) Materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goldbart, Paul M.

    1998-03-01

    Zhang's SO(5) approach to the physics of high-temperature superconducting materials(S.-C. Zhang, Science 275), 1089 (1997). contains the possibility that the antiferromagnetic state should support novel excitations that resemble antiferromagnetic hedgehogs at large distances but are predominantly superconducting inside a core region(P. M. Goldbart, Antiferromagnetic hedgehogs with superconducting cores); cond- mat/9711088 (UIUC Preprint P-97-10-030-iii).. Neither singular nor topologically stable, in contrast with their hedgehog cousins in pure antiferromagnetism, these excitations are what hedgehogs become when antiferromagnetic order is permitted to `` escape'' toward superconductivity---a central element in Zhang's approach. We describe the structure of antiferromagnetic hedgehog excitations with superconducting cores within the context of Zhang's approach to high-temperature superconducting materials, and touch upon a number of the experimental implications that these excitations engender.

  12. Nematic antiferromagnetic states in bulk FeSe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Kai; Lu, Zhong-Yi; Xiang, Tao

    2016-05-01

    The existence of nematic order, which breaks the lattice rotational symmetry with nonequivalent a and b axes in iron-based superconductors, is a well-established experimental fact. An antiferromagnetic (AFM) transition is accompanying this order, observed in nearly all parent compounds, except bulk FeSe. The absence of the AFM order in FeSe casts doubt on the magnetic mechanism of iron-based superconductivity, since the nematic order is believed to be driven by the same interaction that is responsible for the superconducting pairing in these materials. Here we show, through systematic first-principles electronic structure calculations, that the ground state of FeSe is in fact strongly AFM correlated but without developing a magnetic long-range order. Actually, there are a series of staggered n -mer AFM states with corresponding energies below that of the single stripe AFM state, which is the ground state for the parent compounds of most iron-based superconductors. Here, the staggered n -mer (n any integer >1 ) means a set of n adjacent parallel spins on a line along the b axis with antiparallel spins between n -mers along both a and b axes. Moreover, different n -mers can antiparallelly mix with each other to coexist. Among all the states, we find that the lowest energy states formed by the staggered dimer, staggered trimer, and their random antiparallel aligned spin states along the b axis are quasidegenerate. The thermal average of these states does not show any magnetic long-range order, but it does possess a hidden one-dimensional AFM order along the a axis, which can be detected by elastic neutron scattering measurements. Our finding gives a natural account for the absence of long-range magnetic order and suggests that the nematicity is driven predominantly by spin fluctuations even in bulk FeSe, providing a unified description on the phase diagram of iron-based superconductors.

  13. Spin-dependent quasiparticle reflection and bound States at interfaces with itinerant antiferromagnets.

    PubMed

    Bobkova, I V; Hirschfeld, P J; Barash, Yu S

    2005-01-28

    We find a novel channel of quasiparticle reflection from the simplest two-sublattice antiferromagnet (AF) on a bipartite lattice. Low-energy quasiparticles in a normal metal (N) experience spin-dependent retroreflection at AF/N interfaces. As a combined effect of antiferromagnetic and Andreev reflections, subgap Andreev states arise at an AF/superconductor (SC) interface. When the antiferromagnetic reflection dominates the specular one, Andreev bound states have almost zero energy on AF/s-wave superconductor (sSC) interfaces, whereas there are no low-energy subgap states on AF/d-wave superconductor (dSC) boundaries. For an sSC/AF/sSC junction, the bound states are found to split, due to the finite width of the AF interlayer, and carry the supercurrent. The theory developed in the present Letter is based on a novel quasiclassical approach, which applies to interfaces involving itinerant antiferromagnets.

  14. Domain states in the zero-temperature diluted antiferromagnet in an applied field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Glaser, A.; Jones, A. C.; Duxbury, P. M.

    2005-05-01

    We use Bethe lattice calculations, directed models, and exact optimization methods to find percolating antiferromagnetic, ferromagnetic, and domain-state structures in the diluted antiferromagnet in an applied field (DAFF). Based on these calculations, the ground-state structures occuring on simple cubic and body-centered-cubic lattices are presented for the full range of site dilution, 0⩽c⩽1 , and applied magnetic field, 0⩽H⩽∞ . Ground-state phase boundaries are identified by the onset of several different types of extensive clusters: the antiferromagnet phase boundary, where one giant antiferromagnetic cluster emerges; the domain-state (DS) boundary where two antiphase giant antiferromagnetic clusters emerge; and a phase boundary where a giant ferromagnetic cluster emerges. We find that there is an “intermediate” concentration regime in which the DS has the lowest energy so that in the ground state, there is an intermediate regime between the paramagnetic phase and the ordered antiferromagnet. We compare our results to local mean-field theory and Monte Carlo studies of the DAFF and to recent results on the ground-state structure of the random-field Ising model. In this context we discuss the relevance of the ground-state structures we calculate to the thermodynamic phase diagram and the dynamics of the DAFF.

  15. Ground-state candidate for the classical dipolar kagome Ising antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chioar, I. A.; Rougemaille, N.; Canals, B.

    2016-06-01

    We have investigated the low-temperature thermodynamic properties of the classical dipolar kagome Ising antiferromagnet using Monte Carlo simulations, in the quest for the ground-state manifold. In spite of the limitations of a single-spin-flip approach, we managed to identify certain ordering patterns in the low-temperature regime and we propose a candidate for this unknown state. This configuration presents some intriguing features and is fully compatible with the extrapolations of the at-equilibrium thermodynamic behavior sampled so far, making it a very likely choice for the dipolar long-range ordered state of the classical kagome Ising antiferromagnet.

  16. Improved lower bounds on the ground-state entropy of the antiferromagnetic Potts model.

    PubMed

    Chang, Shu-Chiuan; Shrock, Robert

    2015-05-01

    We present generalized methods for calculating lower bounds on the ground-state entropy per site, S(0), or equivalently, the ground-state degeneracy per site, W=e(S(0)/k(B)), of the antiferromagnetic Potts model. We use these methods to derive improved lower bounds on W for several lattices.

  17. Entanglement entropy and massless phase in the antiferromagnetic three-state quantum chiral clock model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dai, Yan-Wei; Cho, Sam Young; Batchelor, Murray T.; Zhou, Huan-Qiang

    2017-01-01

    The von Neumann entanglement entropy is used to estimate the critical point hc/J ≃0.143 (3 ) of the mixed ferro-antiferromagnetic three-state quantum Potts model H =∑i[J (XiXi+1 2+Xi2Xi +1) -h Ri] , where Xi and Ri are standard three-state Potts spin operators and J >0 is the antiferromagnetic coupling parameter. This critical point value gives improved estimates for two Kosterlitz-Thouless transition points in the antiferromagnetic (β <0 ) region of the Δ -β phase diagram of the three-state quantum chiral clock model, where Δ and β are, respectively, the chirality and coupling parameters in the clock model. These are the transition points βc≃-0.143 (3 ) at Δ =1/2 between incommensurate and commensurate phases and βc≃-7.0 (1 ) at Δ =0 between disordered and incommensurate phases. The von Neumann entropy is also used to calculate the central charge c of the underlying conformal field theory in the massless phase h ≤hc . The estimate c ≃1 in this phase is consistent with the known exact value at the particular point h /J =-1 corresponding to the purely antiferromagnetic three-state quantum Potts model. The algebraic decay of the Potts spin-spin correlation in the massless phase is used to estimate the continuously varying critical exponent η .

  18. Breakdown of antiferromagnetism and the Coulomb phase for RVB states on anisotropic three-dimensional lattices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beach, K. S. D.

    2015-03-01

    Nearest-neighbor (NN) resonating-valence-bond (RVB) wave functions often serve as prototype ground states for various frustrated models in two dimensions because of their lack of long-range magnetic correlations. In three dimensions, these states are generally not featureless, and their tendency is toward antiferromagnetic order. On the cubic and diamond lattices, for example, the NN RVB state exhibits both antiferromagnetism and power law dimer correlations characteristic of the ``Coulomb phase'' (in analogy with classical hardcore dimer models). The introduction of strong spatial anisotropy, however, leads to the destruction of these long-range and algebraic correlations, leaving behind an apparent short-range spin liquid state. We characterize the critical exponents at the phase boundaries for wave functions built from products of SU(2) singlets as well as their SU(N) generalizations and discuss attempts to construct a field theory that describes the transitions.

  19. The ground state of a spin-1 anti-ferromagnetic atomic condensate for Heisenberg limited metrology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Ling-Na; You, Li

    2016-05-01

    The ground state of a spin-1 atomic condensate with anti-ferromagnetic interaction can be applied to quantum metrology approaching the Heisenberg limit. Unlike a ferromagnetic condensate state where individual atomic spins are aligned in the same direction, atoms in an anti-ferromagnetic ground state condensate exist as spin singlet pairs, whose inherent correlation promises metrological precisions beyond the standard quantum limit (SQL) for uncorrelated atoms. The degree of improvement over the SQL is measured by quantum Fisher information (QFI), whose dependence on the ratio of linear Zeeman shift p to spin-dependent atomic interaction c is studied. At a typical value of p = 0 . 4 c corresponding to a magnetic field of 28 . 6 μ G with c = h × 50 Hz (for 23 Na atom condensate in the F = 1 state at a typical density of ~1014cm-3), the scaled QFI can reach ~ 0 . 48 N , which is close to the limits of N for NooN state, or 0 . 5 N for twin-Fock state. We hope our work will stimulate experimental efforts towards reaching the anti-ferromagnetic condensate ground state at extremely low magnetic fields.

  20. Probing the antiferromagnetic long-range order with Glauber spin states

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cabrera, Guillermo G.

    1994-01-01

    It is well known that the ground state of low-dimensional antiferromagnets deviates from Neel states due to strong quantum fluctuations. Even in the presence of long-range order, those fluctuations produce a substantial reduction of the magnetic moment from its saturation value. Numerical simulations in anisotropic antiferromagnetic chains suggest that quantum fluctuations over Neel order appear in the form of localized reversal of pairs of neighboring spins. In this paper, we propose a coherent state representation for the ground state to describe the above situation. In the one-dimensional case, our wave function corresponds to a two-mode Glauber state, when the Neel state is used as a reference, while the boson fields are associated to coherent flip of spin pairs. The coherence manifests itself through the antiferromagnetic long-range order that survives the action of quantum fluctuations. The present representation is different from the standard zero-point spin wave state, and is asymptotically exact in the limit of strong anisotropy. The fermionic version of the theory, obtained through the Jordan-Wigner transformation, is also investigated.

  1. Using the ground state of an antiferromagnetic spin-1 atomic condensate for Heisenberg-limited metrology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Ling-Na; You, L.

    2016-03-01

    We show that the ground state of a spin-1 atomic condensate with antiferromagnetic interactions constitutes a useful resource for quantum metrology upon approaching the Heisenberg limit. Unlike a ferromagnetic condensate state where individual atomic spins are aligned in the same direction, the antiferromagnetic ground-state condensate is a condensate of spin-singlet atom pairs. The inherent correlation between paired atoms allows for parameter estimation at precisions beyond the standard quantum limit (SQL) for uncorrelated atoms. The degree of improvement over the SQL is measured by the scaled quantum Fisher information (QFI), whose dependence on the ratio of linear Zeeman shift p to spin-dependent atomic interaction c is studied. At a typical value of p =0.4 c , which corresponds to a magnetic field of 28.6 μ G for c =50 h Hz (for 23Na atom condensate in the F =1 state at a typical density of ˜1014cm-3 ), the scaled QFI can reach ˜0.48 N , which approaches the limit of 0.5 N for the twin-Fock state |N/2 > +|N/2 > - . Our work encourages experimental efforts to reach the ground state of an antiferromagnetic condensate at a extremely low magnetic field.

  2. Evidence for a gapped spin-liquid ground state in a kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet

    DOE PAGES

    Fu, Mingxuan; Imai, Takahashi; Han, Tian -Heng; ...

    2015-11-06

    Here, the kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet is a leading candidate in the search for a spin system with a quantum spin-liquid ground state. The nature of its ground state remains a matter of active debate. We conducted oxygen-17 single-crystal nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements of the spin-1/2 kagome lattice in herbertsmithite [ZnCu3(OH)6Cl2], which is known to exhibit a spinon continuum in the spin excitation spectrum. We demonstrated that the intrinsic local spin susceptibility χkagome, deduced from the oxygen-17 NMR frequency shift, asymptotes to zero below temperatures of 0.03J, where J ~ 200 kelvin is the copper-copper superexchange interaction. Combined with themore » magnetic field dependence of χkagome that we observed at low temperatures, these results imply that the kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet has a spin-liquid ground state with a finite gap.« less

  3. Evidence for a gapped spin-liquid ground state in a kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet

    SciTech Connect

    Fu, M.; Imai, T.; Han, T. -H.; Lee, Y. S.

    2015-11-05

    The kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet is a leading candidate in the search for a spin system with a quantum spin-liquid ground state. The nature of its ground state remains a matter of active debate. We conducted oxygen-17 single-crystal nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements of the spin-1/2 kagome lattice in herbertsmithite [ZnCu3(OH)6Cl2], which is known to exhibit a spinon continuum in the spin excitation spectrum.We demonstrated that the intrinsic local spin susceptibility ckagome, deduced from the oxygen-17 NMR frequency shift, asymptotes to zero below temperatures of 0.03J, where J ~ 200 kelvin is the copper-copper superexchange interaction. Combined with the magnetic field dependence of ckagome that we observed at low temperatures, these results imply that the kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet has a spin-liquid ground state with a finite gap.

  4. Evidence for a gapped spin-liquid ground state in a kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet.

    PubMed

    Fu, Mingxuan; Imai, Takashi; Han, Tian-Heng; Lee, Young S

    2015-11-06

    The kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet is a leading candidate in the search for a spin system with a quantum spin-liquid ground state. The nature of its ground state remains a matter of active debate. We conducted oxygen-17 single-crystal nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements of the spin-1/2 kagome lattice in herbertsmithite [ZnCu3(OH)6Cl2], which is known to exhibit a spinon continuum in the spin excitation spectrum. We demonstrated that the intrinsic local spin susceptibility χ(kagome), deduced from the oxygen-17 NMR frequency shift, asymptotes to zero below temperatures of 0.03J, where J ~ 200 kelvin is the copper-copper superexchange interaction. Combined with the magnetic field dependence of χ(kagome) that we observed at low temperatures, these results imply that the kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet has a spin-liquid ground state with a finite gap.

  5. Possible ground states and parallel magnetic-field-driven phase transitions of collinear antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Hai-Feng

    2016-10-01

    Understanding the nature of all possible ground states and especially magnetic-field-driven phase transitions of antiferromagnets represents a major step towards unravelling the real nature of interesting phenomena such as superconductivity, multiferroicity or magnetoresistance in condensed-matter science. Here a consistent mean-field calculation endowed with antiferromagnetic (AFM) exchange interaction (J), easy axis anisotropy (γ), uniaxial single-ion anisotropy (D) and Zeeman coupling to a magnetic field parallel to the AFM easy axis consistently unifies the AFM state, spin-flop (SFO) and spin-flip transitions. We reveal some mathematically allowed exotic spin states and fluctuations depending on the relative coupling strength of (J, γ and D). We build the three-dimensional (J, γ and D) and two-dimensional (γ and D) phase diagrams clearly displaying the equilibrium phase conditions and discuss the origins of various magnetic states as well as their transitions in different couplings. Besides the traditional first-order type one, we unambiguously confirm an existence of a second-order type SFO transition. This study provides an integrated theoretical model for the magnetic states of collinear antiferromagnets with two interpenetrating sublattices and offers a practical approach as an alternative to the estimation of magnetic exchange parameters (J, γ and D), and the results may shed light on nontrivial magnetism-related properties of bulks, thin films and nanostructures of correlated electron systems.

  6. Electrically tunable topological state in [111] perovskite materials with an antiferromagnetic exchange field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liang, Qi-Feng; Wu, Long-Hua; Hu, Xiao

    2013-06-01

    We propose a scheme of band engineering by means of staggered electric potential, antiferromagnetic exchange field and intrinsic spin-orbit coupling for electrons on a honeycomb lattice. With fine control on the degrees of freedom of spin, sublattice and valley, one can achieve a topological state with simultaneous non-zero charge and spin Chern numbers. With first principles calculations, we confirm that the scheme can be realized by material modification in perovskite G-type antiferromagnetic insulators grown along the [111] direction, where Dirac electrons from d orbits are achieved on an atomic sheet of a buckled honeycomb lattice. In a finite sample, this state provides a spin-polarized quantum edge current, robust to both non-magnetic and magnetic defects, with the spin polarization reversible by electric field, and is thus ideal for spintronics applications.

  7. Spin-flop states in a synthetic antiferromagnet and variations of unidirectional anisotropy in FeMn-based spin valves

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Milyaev, M. A.; Naumova, L. I.; Chernyshova, T. A.; Proglyado, V. V.; Kulesh, N. A.; Patrakov, E. I.; Kamenskii, I. Yu.; Ustinov, V. V.

    2016-12-01

    Spin valves with a synthetic antiferromagnet have been prepared by magnetron sputtering. Regularities of the formation of single- and two-phase spin-flop states in the synthetic antiferromagnet have been studied using magnetoresistance measurements and imaging the magnetic structure. A thermomagnetic treatment of spin valve in a field that corresponds to the single-phase spin-flop state of synthetic antiferromagnet was shown to allow us to obtain a magnetically sensitive material characterized by hysteresis-free field dependence of the magnetoresistance.

  8. Interconnections between magnetic state and transport currents in antiferromagnetic Sr2IrO4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsoi, Maxim

    Interconnections between magnetic state and transport currents in ferromagnetic (F) heterostructures are the basis for spintronic applications, e.g. tunneling magnetoresistance and spin-transfer torque phenomena provide a means to read and write information in magnetic memory devices like STTRAM. Similar interconnections were proposed to occur in systems where F-components are replaced with antiferromagnets (AFM). We demonstrated experimentally the existence of such interconnections in antiferromagnetic Mott insulator Sr2IrO4: first, we found a very large anisotropic magnetoresistance (AMR) which can be used to monitor (read) the magnetic state of AFM; second, we demonstrated the feasibility of reversible resistive switching driven by high-density currents/high electric fields which can be used for writing in AFM memory applications. These results support the feasibility of AFM spintronics where antiferromagnets are used in place of ferromagnets. This work was supported in part by C-SPIN, one of six centers of STARnet, a Semiconductor Research Corporation program, sponsored by MARCO and DARPA, and by NSF grants DMR-1207577, DMR-1265162 and DMR-1122603.

  9. Nonlocally sensing the magnetic states of nanoscale antiferromagnets with an atomic spin sensor

    PubMed Central

    Yan, Shichao; Malavolti, Luigi; Burgess, Jacob A. J.; Droghetti, Andrea; Rubio, Angel; Loth, Sebastian

    2017-01-01

    The ability to sense the magnetic state of individual magnetic nano-objects is a key capability for powerful applications ranging from readout of ultradense magnetic memory to the measurement of spins in complex structures with nanometer precision. Magnetic nano-objects require extremely sensitive sensors and detection methods. We create an atomic spin sensor consisting of three Fe atoms and show that it can detect nanoscale antiferromagnets through minute, surface-mediated magnetic interaction. Coupling, even to an object with no net spin and having vanishing dipolar stray field, modifies the transition matrix element between two spin states of the Fe atom–based spin sensor that changes the sensor’s spin relaxation time. The sensor can detect nanoscale antiferromagnets at up to a 3-nm distance and achieves an energy resolution of 10 μeV, surpassing the thermal limit of conventional scanning probe spectroscopy. This scheme permits simultaneous sensing of multiple antiferromagnets with a single-spin sensor integrated onto the surface. PMID:28560346

  10. Nonlocally sensing the magnetic states of nanoscale antiferromagnets with an atomic spin sensor.

    PubMed

    Yan, Shichao; Malavolti, Luigi; Burgess, Jacob A J; Droghetti, Andrea; Rubio, Angel; Loth, Sebastian

    2017-05-01

    The ability to sense the magnetic state of individual magnetic nano-objects is a key capability for powerful applications ranging from readout of ultradense magnetic memory to the measurement of spins in complex structures with nanometer precision. Magnetic nano-objects require extremely sensitive sensors and detection methods. We create an atomic spin sensor consisting of three Fe atoms and show that it can detect nanoscale antiferromagnets through minute, surface-mediated magnetic interaction. Coupling, even to an object with no net spin and having vanishing dipolar stray field, modifies the transition matrix element between two spin states of the Fe atom-based spin sensor that changes the sensor's spin relaxation time. The sensor can detect nanoscale antiferromagnets at up to a 3-nm distance and achieves an energy resolution of 10 μeV, surpassing the thermal limit of conventional scanning probe spectroscopy. This scheme permits simultaneous sensing of multiple antiferromagnets with a single-spin sensor integrated onto the surface.

  11. Magnetic-field-driven surface electromagnetic states in the graphene-antiferromagnetic photonic crystal system

    SciTech Connect

    Averkov, Yu. O. Tarapov, S. I.; Yakovenko, V. M.; Yampol’skii, V. A.

    2015-04-15

    The surface electromagnetic states (SEMSs) on graphene, which has a linear carrier dispersion law and is placed in an antiferromagnetic photonic crystal, are theoretically studied in the terahertz frequency range. The unit cell of such a crystal consists of layers of a nonmagnetic insulator and a uniaxial antiferromagnet, the easy axis of which is parallel to the crystal layers. A dc magnetic field is parallel to the easy axis of the antiferromagnet. An expression that relates the SEMS frequencies to the structure parameters is obtained. The problem of SEMS excitation by an external TE-polarized electromagnetic wave is solved, and the dependences of the transmission coefficient on the dc magnetic field and the carrier concentration are constructed. These dependences are shown to differ substantially from the case of a conventional two-dimensional electron gas with a quadratic electron dispersion law. Thus, the positions of the transmission coefficient peaks related to resonance SEMS excitation can be used to determine the character of carrier dispersion law in a two-dimensional electron gas.

  12. Signatures of the Mott transition in the antiferromagnetic state of the two-dimensional Hubbard model

    DOE PAGES

    Fratino, L.; Sémon, P.; Charlebois, M.; ...

    2017-06-06

    The properties of a phase with large correlation length can be strongly influenced by the underlying normal phase. Here, we illustrate this by studying the half-filled two-dimensional Hubbard model using cellular dynamical mean-field theory with continuous-time quantum Monte Carlo. Sharp crossovers in the mechanism that favors antiferromagnetic correlations and in the corresponding local density of states are observed. We found that these crossovers occur at values of the interaction strength U and temperature T that are controlled by the underlying normal-state Mott transition.

  13. Signatures of the Mott transition in the antiferromagnetic state of the two-dimensional Hubbard model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fratino, L.; Sémon, P.; Charlebois, M.; Sordi, G.; Tremblay, A.-M. S.

    2017-06-01

    The properties of a phase with large correlation length can be strongly influenced by the underlying normal phase. We illustrate this by studying the half-filled two-dimensional Hubbard model using cellular dynamical mean-field theory with continuous-time quantum Monte Carlo. Sharp crossovers in the mechanism that favors antiferromagnetic correlations and in the corresponding local density of states are observed. These crossovers occur at values of the interaction strength U and temperature T that are controlled by the underlying normal-state Mott transition.

  14. Conformationally Constrained, Stable, Triplet Ground State (S = 1) Nitroxide Diradicals. Antiferromagnetic Chains of S = 1 Diradicals

    SciTech Connect

    Rajca, Andrzej; Takahashi, Masahiro; Pink, Maren; Spagnol, Gaelle; Rajca, Suchada

    2008-06-30

    Nitroxide diradicals, in which nitroxides are annelated to m-phenylene forming tricyclic benzobisoxazine-like structures, have been synthesized and characterized by X-ray crystallography, magnetic resonance (EPR and {sup 1}H NMR) spectroscopy, as well as magnetic studies in solution and in solid state. For the octamethyl derivative of benzobisoxazine nitroxide diradical, the conformationally constrained nitroxide moieties are coplanar with the m-phenylene, leading to large values of 2J (2J/k > 200 K in solution and 2J/k >> 300 K in the solid state). For the diradical, in which all ortho and para positions of the m-phenylene are sterically shielded, distortion of the nitroxide moieties from coplanarity is moderate, such that the singlet-triplet gaps remain large in both solution (2J/k > 200 K) and the solid state (2J/k {approx} 400-800 K), though an onset of thermal depopulation of the triplet ground state is detectable near room temperature. These diradicals have robust triplet ground states with strong ferromagnetic coupling and good stability at ambient conditions. Magnetic behavior of the nitroxide diradicals at low temperature is best fit to the model of one-dimensional S = 1 Heisenberg chains with intrachain antiferromagnetic coupling. The antiferromagnetic coupling between the S = 1 diradicals may be associated with the methyl nitroxide C-H {hor_ellipsis} O contacts, including nonclassical hydrogen bonds. These unprecedented organic S = 1 antiferromagnetic chains are highly isotropic, compared to those of the extensively studied Ni(II)-based chains.

  15. Quantum Disordered State without Frustration in the Double Layer Heisenberg Antiferromagnet —Dimer Expansion and Projector Monte Carlo Study—

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hida, Kazuo

    1992-03-01

    The quantum disordered state (QDOS) of the spin 1/2 double layer square lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet is studied. Using the dimer expansion from the limit of the large interlayer coupling J', the staggered susceptibility χ, the antiferromagnetic structure factor Sπ and the antiferromagnetic correlation length ξ are calculated up to the 6-th order in the intralayer coupling J. The ratio analysis shows that the QDOS becomes unstable against the Néel ordering at J'/J≃2.56. The critical exponents are not inconsistent with the universality class of the 3-dimensional classical Heisenberg model, suggesting that our QDOS corresponds to that expected in the 2-dimensional square lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet with unphysically small spin (<0.276). The results of the projector Monte Carlo simulation also confirms the dimer expansion results.

  16. Fractionalized excitations in the spin-liquid state of a kagome-lattice antiferromagnet.

    PubMed

    Han, Tian-Heng; Helton, Joel S; Chu, Shaoyan; Nocera, Daniel G; Rodriguez-Rivera, Jose A; Broholm, Collin; Lee, Young S

    2012-12-20

    The experimental realization of quantum spin liquids is a long-sought goal in physics, as they represent new states of matter. Quantum spin liquids cannot be described by the broken symmetries associated with conventional ground states. In fact, the interacting magnetic moments in these systems do not order, but are highly entangled with one another over long ranges. Spin liquids have a prominent role in theories describing high-transition-temperature superconductors, and the topological properties of these states may have applications in quantum information. A key feature of spin liquids is that they support exotic spin excitations carrying fractional quantum numbers. However, detailed measurements of these 'fractionalized excitations' have been lacking. Here we report neutron scattering measurements on single-crystal samples of the spin-1/2 kagome-lattice antiferromagnet ZnCu(3)(OD)(6)Cl(2) (also called herbertsmithite), which provide striking evidence for this characteristic feature of spin liquids. At low temperatures, we find that the spin excitations form a continuum, in contrast to the conventional spin waves expected in ordered antiferromagnets. The observation of such a continuum is noteworthy because, so far, this signature of fractional spin excitations has been observed only in one-dimensional systems. The results also serve as a hallmark of the quantum spin-liquid state in herbertsmithite.

  17. Coexistence of Midgap Antiferromagnetic and Mott States in Undoped, Hole- and Electron-Doped Ambipolar Cuprates.

    PubMed

    Yin, Xinmao; Zeng, Shengwei; Das, Tanmoy; Baskaran, G; Asmara, Teguh Citra; Santoso, Iman; Yu, Xiaojiang; Diao, Caozheng; Yang, Ping; Breese, Mark B H; Venkatesan, T; Lin, Hsin; Ariando; Rusydi, Andrivo

    2016-05-13

    We report the first observation of the coexistence of a distinct midgap state and a Mott state in undoped and their evolution in electron and hole-doped ambipolar Y_{0.38}La_{0.62}(Ba_{0.82}La_{0.18})_{2}Cu_{3}O_{y} films using spectroscopic ellipsometry and x-ray absorption spectroscopies at the O K and Cu L_{3,2} edges. Supported by theoretical calculations, the midgap state is shown to originate from antiferromagnetic correlation. Surprisingly, while the magnetic state collapses and its correlation strength weakens with dopings, the Mott state in contrast moves toward a higher energy and its correlation strength increases. Our result provides important clues to the mechanism of electronic correlation strengths and superconductivity in cuprates.

  18. Identification of ground-state spin ordering in antiferromagnetic transition metal oxides using the Ising model and a genetic algorithm.

    PubMed

    Lee, Kyuhyun; Youn, Yong; Han, Seungwu

    2017-01-01

    We identify ground-state collinear spin ordering in various antiferromagnetic transition metal oxides by constructing the Ising model from first-principles results and applying a genetic algorithm to find its minimum energy state. The present method can correctly reproduce the ground state of well-known antiferromagnetic oxides such as NiO, Fe2O3, Cr2O3 and MnO2. Furthermore, we identify the ground-state spin ordering in more complicated materials such as Mn3O4 and CoCr2O4.

  19. Evidence for a gapped spin-liquid ground state in a kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet

    SciTech Connect

    Fu, Mingxuan; Imai, Takahashi; Han, Tian -Heng; Lee, Young S.

    2015-11-06

    Here, the kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet is a leading candidate in the search for a spin system with a quantum spin-liquid ground state. The nature of its ground state remains a matter of active debate. We conducted oxygen-17 single-crystal nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements of the spin-1/2 kagome lattice in herbertsmithite [ZnCu3(OH)6Cl2], which is known to exhibit a spinon continuum in the spin excitation spectrum. We demonstrated that the intrinsic local spin susceptibility χkagome, deduced from the oxygen-17 NMR frequency shift, asymptotes to zero below temperatures of 0.03J, where J ~ 200 kelvin is the copper-copper superexchange interaction. Combined with the magnetic field dependence of χkagome that we observed at low temperatures, these results imply that the kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet has a spin-liquid ground state with a finite gap.

  20. Strong intermolecular antiferromagnetic verdazyl-verdazyl coupling in the solid state.

    PubMed

    Eusterwiemann, S; Doerenkamp, C; Dresselhaus, T; Janka, O; de Oliveira, M; Daniliuc, C G; Eckert, H; Neugebauer, J; Pöttgen, R; Studer, A

    2017-06-21

    Strong magnetic couplings are generally observed intramolecularly in organic diradicals or in systems in which they are promoted by crystal engineering strategies involving, for example, transition metal ligation. We herein present a strong intermolecularly coupling verdazyl radical in the solid state without the use of such design strategies. The crystal structure of an acetylene-substituted verdazyl radical shows a unique antiparallel face-to-face orientation of the neighboring verdazyl molecules along with verdazyl-acetylene interactions giving rise to an alternating antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain. Single crystal structural data at 80, 100, 173, and 223 K show that one of the π-stacking distances depends on temperature, while heat capacity data indicate the absence of a phase transition. Based on this structural input, broken symmetry DFT calculations predict a change from an alternating linear Heisenberg chain with two comparable coupling constants J1 and J2 at higher temperatures towards dominant pair interactions at lower temperatures. The predicted antiferromagnetic coupling is confirmed experimentally by magnetic susceptibility, solid-state EPR and NMR spectroscopic results.

  1. Energy spectrum of the two-magnon bound states in the Heisenberg-Ising antiferromagnet on the square lattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hamer, C. J.

    2009-06-01

    The energy spectra of the two-magnon bound states in the Heisenberg-Ising antiferromagnet on the square lattice are calculated using series expansion methods. The results confirm an earlier spin-wave prediction of Oguchi and Ishikawa that the bound states vanish into the continuum before the isotropic Heisenberg limit is reached.

  2. Spin-Ice State of the Quantum Heisenberg Antiferromagnet on the Pyrochlore Lattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Yuan; Chen, Kun; Deng, Youjin; Prokof'ev, Nikolay; Svistunov, Boris

    2016-04-01

    We study the low-temperature physics of the SU(2)-symmetric spin-1 /2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a pyrochlore lattice and find "fingerprint" evidence for the thermal spin-ice state in this frustrated quantum magnet. Our conclusions are based on the results of bold diagrammatic Monte Carlo simulations, with good convergence of the skeleton series down to the temperature T /J =1 /6 . The identification of the spin-ice state is done through a remarkably accurate microscopic correspondence for the static structure factor between the quantum Heisenberg, classical Heisenberg, and Ising models at all accessible temperatures, and the characteristic bowtie pattern with pinch points observed at T /J =1 /6 . The dynamic structure factor at real frequencies (obtained by the analytic continuation of numerical data) is consistent with diffusive spinon dynamics at the pinch points.

  3. Spin-Ice State of the Quantum Heisenberg Antiferromagnet on the Pyrochlore Lattice.

    PubMed

    Huang, Yuan; Chen, Kun; Deng, Youjin; Prokof'ev, Nikolay; Svistunov, Boris

    2016-04-29

    We study the low-temperature physics of the SU(2)-symmetric spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a pyrochlore lattice and find "fingerprint" evidence for the thermal spin-ice state in this frustrated quantum magnet. Our conclusions are based on the results of bold diagrammatic Monte Carlo simulations, with good convergence of the skeleton series down to the temperature T/J=1/6. The identification of the spin-ice state is done through a remarkably accurate microscopic correspondence for the static structure factor between the quantum Heisenberg, classical Heisenberg, and Ising models at all accessible temperatures, and the characteristic bowtie pattern with pinch points observed at T/J=1/6. The dynamic structure factor at real frequencies (obtained by the analytic continuation of numerical data) is consistent with diffusive spinon dynamics at the pinch points.

  4. Piezo-antiferromagnetic effect of sawtooth-like graphene nanoribbons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Shangqian; Lu, Yan; Zhang, Yuchun; Lu, Wengang; Liang, Wenjie; Wang, Enge

    2014-05-01

    A type of sawtooth-like graphene nanoribbon (SGNR) with piezo-antiferromagnetic effect is studied numerically. The ground state of the studied SGNR changes from nonmagnetic state to antiferromagnetic state with uniaxial strain. The changes of the spin-charge distributions during the stretching are investigated. The Hubbard model reveals that the hopping integrals between the π-orbitals of the carbon atoms are responsible to the piezo-antiferromagnetic effect. The study sheds light on the application of graphene-based structures to nanosensors and spintronic devices.

  5. The spin liquid state of the Tb2Ti2O7 pyrochlore antiferromagnet: a puzzling state of affairs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Enjalran, M.; Gingras, M. J. P.; Kao, Y.-J.; DelMaestro, A.; Molavian, H. R.

    2004-03-01

    The pyrochlore antiferromagnet Tb2Ti2O7 has proven to be an enigma to experimentalists and theorists working on frustrated magnetic systems. The experimentally determined energy level structure suggests a local \\langle 111 \\rangle Ising antiferromagnet at low temperatures, T \\lesssim 10 K. An appropriate model then predicts a long-range ordered Q = 0 state below approximately 2 K. However, muon spin resonance (mgrSR) experiments reveal a paramagnetic structure down to tens of millikelvins. The importance of fluctuations out of the ground state effective Ising doublet has been recently understood, for the measured paramagnetic correlations cannot be described without including the higher crystal field states. However, these fluctuations treated within the random phase approximation (RPA) fail to account for the lack of ordering in this system below 2 K. In this work, we briefly review the experimental evidence for the collective paramagnetic state of Tb2Ti2O7. The basic theoretical picture for this system is discussed, where results from classical spin models are used to motivate the investigation of quantum effects to lowest order via the RPA. Avenues for future experimental and theoretical work on Tb2Ti2O7 are presented.

  6. Direct observation of imprinted antiferromagnetic vortex state in CoO/Fe/Ag(001) disks

    SciTech Connect

    Wu, J.; Carlton, D.; Park, J. S.; Meng, Y.; Arenholz, E.; Doran, A.; Young, A.T.; Scholl, A.; Hwang, C.; Zhao, H. W.; Bokor, J.; Qiu, Z. Q.

    2010-12-21

    In magnetic thin films, a magnetic vortex is a state in which the magnetization vector curls around the center of a confined structure. A vortex state in a thin film disk, for example, is a topological object characterized by the vortex polarity and the winding number. In ferromagnetic (FM) disks, these parameters govern many fundamental properties of the vortex such as its gyroscopic rotation, polarity reversal, core motion, and vortex pair excitation. However, in antiferromagnetic (AFM) disks, though there has been indirect evidence of the vortex state through observations of the induced FM-ordered spins in the AFM disk, they have never been observed directly in experiment. By fabricating single crystalline NiO/Fe/Ag(001) and CoO/Fe/Ag(001) disks and using X-ray Magnetic Linear Dichroism (XMLD), we show direct observation of the vortex state in an AFM disk of AFM/FM bilayer system. We observe that there are two types of AFM vortices, one of which has no analog in FM structures. Finally, we show that a frozen AFM vortex can bias a FM vortex at low temperature.

  7. Color ice states, weathervane modes, and order by disorder in the bilinear-biquadratic pyrochlore Heisenberg antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wan, Yuan; Gingras, Michel J. P.

    2016-11-01

    We study the pyrochlore Heisenberg antiferromagnet with additional positive biquadratic interaction in the semiclassical limit. The classical ground-state manifold of the model contains an extensively large family of noncoplanar spin states known as "color ice states." Starting from a color ice state, a subset of spins may rotate collectively at no energy cost. Such excitation may be viewed in this three-dimensional system as a "membranelike" analog of the well-known weathervane modes in the classical kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet. We investigate the weathervane modes in detail and elucidate their physical properties. Furthermore, we study the order by disorder phenomenon in this model, focusing on the role of harmonic fluctuations. Our computationally limited phase space search suggests that quantum fluctuations select three different states as the magnitude of the biquadratic interaction increases relative to the bilinear interaction, implying a sequence of phase transitions solely driven by fluctuations.

  8. Correlating quasiparticle excitations with quantum femtosecond magnetism in photoexcited nonequilibrium states of insulating antiferromagnetic manganites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lingos, P. C.; Patz, A.; Li, T.; Barmparis, G. D.; Keliri, A.; Kapetanakis, M. D.; Li, L.; Yan, J.; Wang, J.; Perakis, I. E.

    2017-06-01

    We describe a mechanism for insulator-to-metal transition triggered by spin canting following femtosecond laser excitation of insulating antiferromagnetic (AFM) states of colossal magnetoresistive (CMR) manganites. We show that photoexcitation of composite fermion quasiparticles dressed by spin fluctuations results in the population of a broad metallic conduction band due to canting of the AFM background spins via strong electron-spin local correlation. By inducing spin canting, photoexcitation can increase the quasiparticle energy dispersion and quench the charge excitation energy gap. This increases the critical Jahn-Teller (JT) lattice displacement required to maintain an insulating state. We present femtosecond-resolved pump-probe measurements showing biexponential relaxation of the differential reflectivity below the AFM transition temperature. We observe a nonlinear dependence of the ratio of the femtosecond and picosecond relaxation component amplitudes at the same pump fluence threshold where we observe femtosecond magnetization photoexcitation. We attribute this correlation between nonlinear femtosecond spin and charge dynamics to spin/charge/lattice coupling and population inversion between the polaronic majority carriers and metallic quasielectron minority carriers as the lattice displacement becomes smaller than the critical value required to maintain an insulating state following laser-induced spin canting.

  9. Volume-wise destruction of the antiferromagnetic Mott insulating state through quantum tuning

    PubMed Central

    Frandsen, Benjamin A.; Liu, Lian; Cheung, Sky C.; Guguchia, Zurab; Khasanov, Rustem; Morenzoni, Elvezio; Munsie, Timothy J. S.; Hallas, Alannah M.; Wilson, Murray N.; Cai, Yipeng; Luke, Graeme M.; Chen, Bijuan; Li, Wenmin; Jin, Changqing; Ding, Cui; Guo, Shengli; Ning, Fanlong; Ito, Takashi U.; Higemoto, Wataru; Billinge, Simon J. L.; Sakamoto, Shoya; Fujimori, Atsushi; Murakami, Taito; Kageyama, Hiroshi; Alonso, Jose Antonio; Kotliar, Gabriel; Imada, Masatoshi; Uemura, Yasutomo J.

    2016-01-01

    RENiO3 (RE=rare-earth element) and V2O3 are archetypal Mott insulator systems. When tuned by chemical substitution (RENiO3) or pressure (V2O3), they exhibit a quantum phase transition (QPT) between an antiferromagnetic Mott insulating state and a paramagnetic metallic state. Because novel physics often appears near a Mott QPT, the details of this transition, such as whether it is first or second order, are important. Here, we demonstrate through muon spin relaxation/rotation (μSR) experiments that the QPT in RENiO3 and V2O3 is first order: the magnetically ordered volume fraction decreases to zero at the QPT, resulting in a broad region of intrinsic phase separation, while the ordered magnetic moment retains its full value until it is suddenly destroyed at the QPT. These findings bring to light a surprising universality of the pressure-driven Mott transition, revealing the importance of phase separation and calling for further investigation into the nature of quantum fluctuations underlying the transition. PMID:27531192

  10. Volume-wise destruction of the antiferromagnetic Mott insulating state through quantum tuning

    SciTech Connect

    B. A. Frandsen; Liu, L.; Cheung, S. C.; Guguchia, Z.; Khasanov, R.; Morenzoni, E.; Munsie, T. J.S.; Hallas, A. M.; Wilson, M. N.; Cai, Y.; Luke, G. M.; Chen, B.; Li, W.; Jin, C.; Ding, C; Guo, S.; Ning, F.; Ito, T. U.; Higemoto, W.; Billinge, S. J.L.; Sakamoto, S.; Fujimori, A.; Murakami, T.; Kageyama, H.; Alonso, J. A.; Kotliar, G.; Imada, M.; Uemura, Y. J.

    2016-08-17

    RENiO3 (RE=rare-earth element) and V2O3 are archetypal Mott insulator systems. When tuned by chemical substitution (RENiO3) or pressure (V2O3), they exhibit a quantum phase transition (QPT) between an antiferromagnetic Mott insulating state and a paramagnetic metallic state. Because novel physics often appears near a Mott QPT, the details of this transition, such as whether it is first or second order, are important. Here, we demonstrate through muon spin relaxation/rotation (μSR) experiments that the QPT in RENiO3 and V2O3 is first order: the magnetically ordered volume fraction decreases to zero at the QPT, resulting in a broad region of intrinsic phase separation, while the ordered magnetic moment retains its full value until it is suddenly destroyed at the QPT. These findings bring to light a surprising universality of the pressure-driven Mott transition, revealing the importance of phase separation and calling for further investigation into the nature of quantum fluctuations underlying the transition.

  11. Volume-wise destruction of the antiferromagnetic Mott insulating state through quantum tuning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Frandsen, Benjamin A.; Liu, Lian; Cheung, Sky C.; Guguchia, Zurab; Khasanov, Rustem; Morenzoni, Elvezio; Munsie, Timothy J. S.; Hallas, Alannah M.; Wilson, Murray N.; Cai, Yipeng; Luke, Graeme M.; Chen, Bijuan; Li, Wenmin; Jin, Changqing; Ding, Cui; Guo, Shengli; Ning, Fanlong; Ito, Takashi U.; Higemoto, Wataru; Billinge, Simon J. L.; Sakamoto, Shoya; Fujimori, Atsushi; Murakami, Taito; Kageyama, Hiroshi; Alonso, Jose Antonio; Kotliar, Gabriel; Imada, Masatoshi; Uemura, Yasutomo J.

    2016-08-01

    RENiO3 (RE=rare-earth element) and V2O3 are archetypal Mott insulator systems. When tuned by chemical substitution (RENiO3) or pressure (V2O3), they exhibit a quantum phase transition (QPT) between an antiferromagnetic Mott insulating state and a paramagnetic metallic state. Because novel physics often appears near a Mott QPT, the details of this transition, such as whether it is first or second order, are important. Here, we demonstrate through muon spin relaxation/rotation (μSR) experiments that the QPT in RENiO3 and V2O3 is first order: the magnetically ordered volume fraction decreases to zero at the QPT, resulting in a broad region of intrinsic phase separation, while the ordered magnetic moment retains its full value until it is suddenly destroyed at the QPT. These findings bring to light a surprising universality of the pressure-driven Mott transition, revealing the importance of phase separation and calling for further investigation into the nature of quantum fluctuations underlying the transition.

  12. Volume-wise destruction of the antiferromagnetic Mott insulating state through quantum tuning

    DOE PAGES

    B. A. Frandsen; Liu, L.; Cheung, S. C.; ...

    2016-08-17

    RENiO3 (RE=rare-earth element) and V2O3 are archetypal Mott insulator systems. When tuned by chemical substitution (RENiO3) or pressure (V2O3), they exhibit a quantum phase transition (QPT) between an antiferromagnetic Mott insulating state and a paramagnetic metallic state. Because novel physics often appears near a Mott QPT, the details of this transition, such as whether it is first or second order, are important. Here, we demonstrate through muon spin relaxation/rotation (μSR) experiments that the QPT in RENiO3 and V2O3 is first order: the magnetically ordered volume fraction decreases to zero at the QPT, resulting in a broad region of intrinsic phasemore » separation, while the ordered magnetic moment retains its full value until it is suddenly destroyed at the QPT. These findings bring to light a surprising universality of the pressure-driven Mott transition, revealing the importance of phase separation and calling for further investigation into the nature of quantum fluctuations underlying the transition.« less

  13. Ground State Entropy of the Potts Antiferromagnet on Triangular Lattice Strips

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chang, Shu-Chiuan; Shrock, Robert

    2001-06-01

    We present exact calculations of the zero-temperature partition function (chromatic polynomial) P for the q-state Potts antiferromagnet on triangular lattice strips of arbitrarily great length Lx vertices and of width Ly vertices and, in the Lx→∞ limit, the exponent of the ground state entropy, W=eS0/kB. The strips considered, with their boundary conditions (BC), are (a) (FBCy, PBCx) = cyclic for Ly=3, 4, (b) (FBCy, TPBCx) = Möbius, Ly=3, (c) (PBCy, PBCx) = toroidal, Ly=3, (d) (PBCy, TPBCx) = Klein bottle, Ly=3, (e) (PBCy, FBCx) = cylindrical, Ly=5, 6, and (f) (FBCy, FBCx) = free, Ly=5, where F, P, and TP denote free, periodic, and twisted periodic. Several interesting features are found, including the presence of terms in P proportional to cos(2πLx/3) for case (c). The continuous locus of points B where W is nonanalytic in the q plane is discussed for each case and a comparative discussion is given of the respective loci B for families with different boundary conditions. Numerical values of W are given for infinite-length strips of various widths and are shown to approach values for the 2D lattice rapidly. A remark is also made concerning a zero-free region for chromatic zeros. Some results are given for strips of other lattices.

  14. Critical behavior of the frustrated antiferromagnetic six-state clock model on a triangular lattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Noh, J. D.; Rieger, H.; Enderle, M.; Knorr, K.

    2002-08-01

    We study the antiferromagnetic six-state clock model with nearest neighbor interactions on a triangular lattice with extensive Monte Carlo simulations. We find clear indications of two phase transitions at two different temperatures: Below TI a chirality order sets in and by a thorough finite-size-scaling analysis of the specific heat and the chirality correlation length we show that this transition is in the Ising universality class (with a nonvanishing chirality order parameter below TI). At TKT (state clock model describes the universal feature of the phase transition in the experimental system and that the orientational ordering belongs to the KT universality class.

  15. Topology of the space of periodic ground states in the antiferromagnetic Ising and Potts models in selected spatial structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krawczyk, Małgorzata J.

    2010-05-01

    Topology of the space of periodic ground states in the antiferromagnetic Ising and Potts (3-state) models is analysed in selected spatial structures. The states are treated as graph nodes, connected by one-spin-flip transitions. The spatial structures are the triangular lattice, the Archimedean ( 3,12) lattice and the cubic Laves C15 lattice with the periodic boundary conditions. In most cases the ground states are isolated nodes, but for selected systems we obtain connected graphs. The latter means that the magnetisation can vary in time with zero energy cost. The ground states are classified according to their degree and type of neighbours.

  16. Ground-state entropy of Potts antiferromagnets: Bounds, series, and Monte Carlo measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shrock, Robert; Tsai, Shan-Ho

    1997-09-01

    We report several results concerning W(Λ,q)=exp(S0/kB), the exponent of the ground-state entropy of the Potts antiferromagnet on a lattice Λ. First, we improve our previous rigorous lower bound on W(hc,q) for the honeycomb (hc) lattice and find that it is extremely accurate; it agrees to the first 11 terms with the large-q series for W(hc,q). Second, we investigate the heteropolygonal Archimedean 4.82 lattice, derive a rigorous lower bound, on W(4.82,q), and calculate the large-q series for this function to O(y12) where y=1/(q-1). Remarkably, these agree exactly to all 13 terms calculated. We also report Monte Carlo measurements, and find that these are very close to our lower bound and series. Third, we study the effect of non-nearest-neighbor couplings, focusing on the square lattice with next-nearest-neighbor bonds.

  17. Ground state properties of anti-ferromagnetic spinor Bose gases in one dimension

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hao, Yajiang

    2017-03-01

    We investigate the ground state properties of anti-ferromagnetic spin-1 Bose gases in one dimensional harmonic potential from the weak repulsion regime to the strong repulsion regime. The Hamiltonian is diagonalized in the Hilbert space composed of the single particle wavefunctions and spin components. With the numerical diagonalization method, the density distributions, magnetization distribution, one body density matrix, and momentum distribution for each component are obtained. It is shown that the spinor Bose gases of different magnetization exhibit the same total density profiles in the full interaction regime, which evolve from the single peak structure embodying the properties of Bose gases to the fermionized shell structure of spin-polarized fermions. But each component displays different density profiles, and magnetic domains emerge in the strong interaction limit for M = 0.25. In the strong interaction limit, one body density matrix and the momentum distributions exhibit the same behaviour as those of spin-polarized fermions. The fermionization of momentum distribution takes place, in contrast to the δ-function-like distribution of single component Bose gases in the full interaction regime.

  18. NMR Study of Antiferromagnetic Spinel CoCo2O4 in Paramagnetic and Ordered State

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fukai, Toshio; Furukawa, Yuji; Wada, Shinji; Miyatani, Kazuo

    1996-12-01

    Nuclear magnetic resonance of 59Co at both the tetrahedral A-site and octahedral B-site in an older generation spinel compound of antiferromagnetic CoCo2O4 (T N=34 K) was carried out between T=1.4 and 300 K to provide additional information on the importance of the local crystal field parameters and electron-electron correlations. From an analysis of the T-independent relaxation rate of 59Co at the A-site in the paramagnetic state, the super-exchange interaction J between the Co2+ ions at the A-site through intervening O2- and Co3+ ions is estimated to be 0.050 cm-1 with an exchange frequency ω e=5.9×1010 sec-1, which can not simply be explained within the framework of the Weiss field.A small experimental value of the spin hyperfine field at the A-site, A s=1.63×10-4 cm-1, is well understood when the second-order orbital moment due to the spin-orbit interaction is taken into consideration. The energy difference Δ between t2g and eg orbitals at the A- and B-site in CoCo2O4 is found to be 3.3×103 cm-1 and 17.7×103 cm-1, respectively.

  19. Competing nematic, antiferromagnetic, and spin-flux orders in the ground state of bilayer graphene

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lemonik, Y.; Aleiner, I.; Fal'ko, V. I.

    2012-06-01

    We analyze the phase diagram of bilayer graphene (BLG) at zero temperature and zero doping. Assuming that at high energies the electronic system of BLG can be described within a weak-coupling theory (consistent with the experimental evidence), we systematically study the evolution of the couplings with going from high to low energies. The divergences of the couplings at some energies indicate the tendency towards certain symmetry breakings. Carrying out this program, we found that the phase diagram is determined by microscopic couplings defined on the short distances (initial conditions). We explored all plausible space of these initial conditions and found that the three states have the largest phase volume of the initial couplings: nematic, antiferromagnetic, and spin flux (a.k.a. quantum spin Hall). In addition, ferroelectric and two superconducting phases appear only near the very limits of the applicability of the weak-coupling approach. The paper also contains the derivation and analysis of the renormalization group equations and the group theory classification of all the possible phases which might arise from the symmetry breakings of the lattice, spin rotation, and gauge symmetries of graphene.

  20. Octa-Kagomé Lattice Compounds Showing Quantum Critical Behaviors: Spin Gap Ground State versus Antiferromagnetic Ordering.

    PubMed

    Tang, Yingying; Peng, Cheng; Guo, Wenbin; Wang, Jun-Feng; Su, Gang; He, Zhangzhen

    2017-09-29

    Search for a new geometrically frustrated lattice is a great challenge. Herein, we report on a successful synthesis of two new layered compounds BiOCu2(XO3)(SO4)(OH)·H2O [X = Te (1) and Se (2)] with a new type of geometrically frustrated lattice (i.e., the octa-kagomé lattice) between kagomé and star motifs. Magnetic measurements confirmed that 1 exhibits a spin gap ground state, while 2 possesses a typical antiferromagnetic ordering at low-temperature. Such different magnetic behaviors between two isostructural compounds are suggested to originate from a slightly structural modification induced by nonmagnetic XO3 anionic groups. Theoretical simulations suggest that the origin of gapped ground state in 1 may be due to the dimerization of Cu(2+) ions, while 2 may break the limiting of such dimerization, leading to an antiferromagnetic ordering.

  1. Induced spin-triplet pairing in the coexistence state of antiferromagnetism and singlet superconductivity: Collective modes and microscopic properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Almeida, D. E.; Fernandes, R. M.; Miranda, E.

    2017-07-01

    The close interplay between superconductivity and antiferromagnetism in several quantum materials can lead to the appearance of an unusual thermodynamic state in which both orders coexist microscopically, despite their competing nature. A hallmark of this coexistence state is the emergence of a spin-triplet superconducting gap component, called a π triplet, which is spatially modulated by the antiferromagnetic wave vector, reminiscent of a pair density wave. In this paper, we investigate the impact of these π -triplet degrees of freedom on the phase diagram of a system with competing antiferromagnetic and superconducting orders. Although we focus on a microscopic two-band model that has been widely employed in studies of iron pnictides, most of our results follow from a Ginzburg-Landau analysis, and as such should be applicable to other systems of interest, such as cuprates and heavy fermion materials. The Ginzburg-Landau functional reveals not only that the π -triplet gap amplitude couples trilinearly with the singlet gap amplitude and the staggered magnetization magnitude but also that the π -triplet d -vector couples linearly with the magnetization direction. While in the mean-field level this coupling forces the d -vector to align parallel or antiparallel to the magnetization, in the fluctuation regime it promotes two additional collective modes—a Goldstone mode related to the precession of the d -vector around the magnetization and a massive mode, related to the relative angle between the two vectors, which is nearly degenerate with a Leggett-like mode associated with the phase difference between the singlet and triplet gaps. We also investigate the impact of magnetic fluctuations on the superconducting-antiferromagnetic phase diagram, showing that due to their coupling with the π -triplet order parameter the coexistence region is enhanced. This effect stems from the fact that the π -triplet degrees of freedom promote an effective attraction between

  2. Time-of-flight imaging method to observe signatures of antiferromagnetically ordered states of fermionic atoms in an optical lattice.

    PubMed

    Inaba, Kensuke; Yamashita, Makoto

    2010-10-22

    We propose a simple method to detect the antiferromagnetic (AF) state of fermionic atoms in an optical lattice by combining a time-of-flight (TOF) imaging method and a Feshbach resonance. In this scheme, the nontrivial dynamics of fermionic atoms during the imaging process works as a probe with respect to the breaking of the translational symmetry in the AF state. Precise numerical simulations demonstrate that the characteristic oscillatory dynamics induced by the scattering process that transfers an AF ordering vector appears in TOF images, which can be easily observed experimentally.

  3. Instability of a ferrimagnetic state of a frustrated S = 1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet in two dimensions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nakano, Hiroki; Sakai, Toru

    2015-03-01

    To clarify the instability of the ferrimagnetism which is the fundamental magnetism of ferrite, numerical-diagonalization study is carried out for the two-dimensional S = 1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet with frustration. We find that the ferrimagnetic ground state has the spontaneous magnetization in small frustration; due to a frustrating interaction above a specific strength, the spontaneous magnetization discontinuously vanishes so that the ferrimagnetic state appears only under some magnetic fields. We also find that, when the interaction is increased further, the ferrimagnetism disappears even under magnetic field.

  4. Antiferromagnetic hedgehogs with superconducting cores

    SciTech Connect

    Goldbart, P.M.; Sheehy, D.E.

    1998-09-01

    Excitations of the antiferromagnetic state that resemble antiferromagnetic hedgehogs at large distances but are predominantly superconducting inside a core region are discussed within the context of Zhang{close_quote}s SO(5)-symmetry-based approach to the physics of high-temperature superconducting materials. Nonsingular, in contrast with their hedgehog cousins in pure antiferromagnetism, these texture excitations are what hedgehogs become when the antiferromagnetic order parameter is permitted to {open_quotes}escape{close_quotes} into superconducting directions. The structure of such excitations is determined in a simple setting, and a number of their experimental implications are examined. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}

  5. Antiferromagnetic hedgehogs with superconducting cores

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goldbart, Paul M.; Sheehy, Daniel E.

    1998-09-01

    Excitations of the antiferromagnetic state that resemble antiferromagnetic hedgehogs at large distances but are predominantly superconducting inside a core region are discussed within the context of Zhang's SO(5)-symmetry-based approach to the physics of high-temperature superconducting materials. Nonsingular, in contrast with their hedgehog cousins in pure antiferromagnetism, these texture excitations are what hedgehogs become when the antiferromagnetic order parameter is permitted to ``escape'' into superconducting directions. The structure of such excitations is determined in a simple setting, and a number of their experimental implications are examined.

  6. Is the ground state of A1C60 (A=Rb, Cs) antiferromagnetic?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rahmer, J.; Knorr, S.; Grupp, A.; Mehring, M.; Hone, J.; Zettl, A.

    1999-09-01

    EPR measurements in the metallic and the low-temperature orthorhombic phases of Rb1C60 and Cs1C60 powder samples have been performed at 9, 34, and 94 GHz. Detailed analysis reveals that all line features emerging in the low-temperature phase can be assigned to paramagnetic defects. We conclude that, in contrast to previous interpretations of the data, no signs of antiferromagnetic resonance (AFMR) have been observed. Furthermore we report on 94 GHz measurements of Rb1C60 single crystals which show a clear angular dependence in the metallic regime.

  7. Influence of the biquadratic exchange interaction in the classical ground state magnetic response of the antiferromagnetic icosahedron

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Konstantinidis, N. P.

    2016-11-01

    The icosahedron has a ground state magnetization discontinuity in an external magnetic field when classical spins mounted on its vertices are coupled according to the antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model. This is so even if there is no magnetic anisotropy in the Hamiltonian. The discontinuity is a consequence of the frustrated nature of the interactions, which originates in the topology of the cluster. Here it is found that the addition of the next order isotropic spin exchange interaction term in the Hamiltonian, the biquadratic exchange interaction, significantly enriches the classical ground state magnetic response. For relatively weak biquadratic interaction new discontinuities emerge, while for even stronger the number of discontinuities for this small molecule can go up to seven, accompanied by a susceptibility discontinuity. These results demonstrate the possibility of using a small entity like the icosahedron as a magnetic unit whose ground state spin configuration and magnetization can be tuned between many different non-overlapping regimes with the application of an external field.

  8. Antiferromagnetic skyrmions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tretiakov, Oleg; Barker, Joseph

    Skyrmions are topologically protected entities in magnetic materials which have the potential to be used in spintronics for information storage and processing. However, skyrmions in ferromagnets have some intrinsic difficulties which must be overcome to use them for spintronic applications, such as the inability to move straight along current. We show that skyrmions can also be stabilized and manipulated in antiferromagnetic materials. An antiferromagnetic skyrmion is a compound topological object with a similar but of opposite sign spin texture on each sublattice, which e.g. results in a complete cancelation of the Magnus force. We find that the composite nature of antiferromagnetic skyrmions gives rise to different dynamical behavior, both due to an applied current and temperature effects. O.A.T. and J.B. acknowledge support by the Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (Nos. 25800184, 25247056, 25220910 and 15H01009) from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan and SpinNet.

  9. Thermal form factor approach to the ground-state correlation functions of the XXZ chain in the antiferromagnetic massive regime

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dugave, Maxime; Göhmann, Frank; Kozlowski, Karol K.; Suzuki, Junji

    2016-09-01

    We use the form factors of the quantum transfer matrix in the zero-temperature limit in order to study the two-point ground-state correlation functions of the XXZ chain in the antiferromagnetic massive regime. We obtain novel form factor series representations of the correlation functions which differ from those derived either from the q-vertex-operator approach or from the algebraic Bethe Ansatz approach to the usual transfer matrix. We advocate that our novel representations are numerically more efficient and allow for a straightforward calculation of the large-distance asymptotic behaviour of the two-point functions. Keeping control over the temperature corrections to the two-point functions we see that these are of order {T}∞ in the whole antiferromagnetic massive regime. The isotropic limit of our result yields a novel form factor series representation for the two-point correlation functions of the XXX chain at zero magnetic field. Dedicated to the memory of Petr Petrovich Kulish.

  10. Three-state Potts model on triangular lattice with nearest-neighbor and next-nearest-neighbor antiferromagnetic interactions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murtazaev, Akai K.; Babaev, Albert B.; Magomedov, Magomed A.; Kassan-Ogly, Felix A.; Proshkin, Alexey I.

    2016-11-01

    Using Monte Carlo simulations, we investigated phase transitions and frustrations in the three-state Potts model on a triangular lattice with allowance for antiferromagnetic exchange interactions between nearest-neighbors J1 and next-nearest-neighbors J2. The ratio of the next-nearest-neighbor and nearest-neighbor exchange constants r=J2/J1 is chosen within the range of 0≤r≤2. Based on the analysis of the entropy, specific heat, system state density function, and fourth order Binder cumulants, the phase transitions in the Potts model with interactions J1<0 and J2<0 are shown to be found in value ranges of 0≤r<0.2 and 1.25≤r≤2.0. In an intermediate range of 0.2≤r≤1.0 the phase transition fails and the frustrations are revealed.

  11. Electrical switching of an antiferromagnet.

    PubMed

    Wadley, P; Howells, B; Železný, J; Andrews, C; Hills, V; Campion, R P; Novák, V; Olejník, K; Maccherozzi, F; Dhesi, S S; Martin, S Y; Wagner, T; Wunderlich, J; Freimuth, F; Mokrousov, Y; Kuneš, J; Chauhan, J S; Grzybowski, M J; Rushforth, A W; Edmonds, K W; Gallagher, B L; Jungwirth, T

    2016-02-05

    Antiferromagnets are hard to control by external magnetic fields because of the alternating directions of magnetic moments on individual atoms and the resulting zero net magnetization. However, relativistic quantum mechanics allows for generating current-induced internal fields whose sign alternates with the periodicity of the antiferromagnetic lattice. Using these fields, which couple strongly to the antiferromagnetic order, we demonstrate room-temperature electrical switching between stable configurations in antiferromagnetic CuMnAs thin-film devices by applied current with magnitudes of order 10(6) ampere per square centimeter. Electrical writing is combined in our solid-state memory with electrical readout and the stored magnetic state is insensitive to and produces no external magnetic field perturbations, which illustrates the unique merits of antiferromagnets for spintronics.

  12. Controlling the canted state in antiferromagnetically coupled magnetic bilayers close to the spin reorientation transition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ummelen, F. C.; Fernández-Pacheco, A.; Mansell, R.; Petit, D.; Swagten, H. J. M.; Cowburn, R. P.

    2017-03-01

    Canted magnetization is obtained in ultrathin, antiferromagnetically coupled magnetic bilayers with thicknesses around the spin reorientation transition. The canting angle is controlled by both the magnetic layer thickness and interlayer coupling strength, which are tuned independently. Hysteresis loops are obtained, where magnetization components parallel and transverse to the applied field are measured, and analyzed by comparison to micromagnetic simulations. This enables the canting angle to be extracted and the behavior of the individual layers to be distinguished. Two types of canted systems are obtained with either single-layer reversal or complex, coupled two-layer reversal, under moderate external magnetic fields. Controlling the magnetization canting and reversal behavior of ultra-thin layers is relevant for the development of magnetoresistive random-access memory and spin-torque oscillator devices.

  13. Spin-ordered ground state and thermodynamic behaviors of the spin-3/2 kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet.

    PubMed

    Liu, Tao; Li, Wei; Su, Gang

    2016-09-01

    Three different tensor network (TN) optimization algorithms are employed to accurately determine the ground state and thermodynamic properties of the spin-3/2 kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet. We found that the sqrt[3]×sqrt[3] state (i.e., the state with 120^{∘} spin configuration within a unit cell containing 9 sites) is the ground state of this system, and such an ordered state is melted at any finite temperature, thereby clarifying the existing experimental controversies. Three magnetization plateaus (m/m_{s}=1/3,23/27, and 25/27) were obtained, where the 1/3-magnetization plateau has been observed experimentally. The absence of a zero-magnetization plateau indicates a gapless spin excitation that is further supported by the thermodynamic asymptotic behaviors of the susceptibility and specific heat. At low temperatures, the specific heat is shown to exhibit a T^{2} behavior, and the susceptibility approaches a finite constant as T→0. Our TN results of thermodynamic properties are compared with those from high-temperature series expansion. In addition, we disclose a quantum phase transition between q=0 state (i.e., the state with 120^{∘} spin configuration within a unit cell containing three sites) and sqrt[3]×sqrt[3] state in a spin-3/2 kagome XXZ model at the critical point Δ_{c}=0.54. This study provides reliable and useful information for further explorations on high-spin kagome physics.

  14. Spin-ordered ground state and thermodynamic behaviors of the spin-3/2 kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Tao; Li, Wei; Su, Gang

    2016-09-01

    Three different tensor network (TN) optimization algorithms are employed to accurately determine the ground state and thermodynamic properties of the spin-3/2 kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet. We found that the √{3 }×√{3 } state (i.e., the state with 120° spin configuration within a unit cell containing 9 sites) is the ground state of this system, and such an ordered state is melted at any finite temperature, thereby clarifying the existing experimental controversies. Three magnetization plateaus (m /ms=1 /3 ,23 /27 , and 25/27) were obtained, where the 1/3-magnetization plateau has been observed experimentally. The absence of a zero-magnetization plateau indicates a gapless spin excitation that is further supported by the thermodynamic asymptotic behaviors of the susceptibility and specific heat. At low temperatures, the specific heat is shown to exhibit a T2 behavior, and the susceptibility approaches a finite constant as T →0 . Our TN results of thermodynamic properties are compared with those from high-temperature series expansion. In addition, we disclose a quantum phase transition between q =0 state (i.e., the state with 120° spin configuration within a unit cell containing three sites) and √{3 }×√{3 } state in a spin-3/2 kagome XXZ model at the critical point Δc=0.54 . This study provides reliable and useful information for further explorations on high-spin kagome physics.

  15. Notes on Ground-State Properties of Mixed Spin-1 and Spin-1/2 Lieb-Lattice Heisenberg Antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hirose, Yuhei; Miura, Shoma; Yasuda, Chitoshi; Fukumoto, Yoshiyuki

    2017-08-01

    Quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) simulations are performed to study ground-state properties of a mixed spin-1 and spin-1/2 Lieb-lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet, in order to get further insight beyond the modified spin-wave (MSW) study reported in [J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 86, 014002 (2017)]. It is confirmed that the MSW results are in good agreement with the QMC results. In particular, the scaling relation found in the MSW study, which argues that sublattice spin reductions are inversely proportional to the sublattice sizes, is observed in our QMC simulation. We present a rigorous proof for spontaneous sublattice magnetizations induced by an infinitesimal uniform magnetic field. The calculation process in the MSW theory is reexamined to clarify the mathematical structure behind the scaling relation for sublattice long-range orders.

  16. Superstable cycles for antiferromagnetic Q-state Potts and three-site interaction Ising models on recursive lattices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ananikian, N.; Artuso, R.; Chakhmakhchyan, L.

    2014-10-01

    We consider the superstable cycles of the Q-state Potts (QSP) and the three-site interaction antiferromagnetic Ising (TSAI) models on recursive lattices. The rational mappings describing the models’ statistical properties are obtained via the recurrence relation technique. We provide analytical solutions for the superstable cycles of the second order for both models. A particular attention is devoted to the period three window. Here we present an exact result for the third order superstable orbit for the QSP and a numerical solution for the TSAI model. Additionally, we point out a non-trivial connection between bifurcations and superstability: in some regions of parameters a superstable cycle is not followed by a doubling bifurcation. Furthermore, we use symbolic dynamics to understand the changes taking place at points of superstability and to distinguish areas between two consecutive superstable orbits.

  17. Muon Spin Relaxation Evidence for the U(1) Quantum Spin-Liquid Ground State in the Triangular Antiferromagnet YbMgGaO_{4}.

    PubMed

    Li, Yuesheng; Adroja, Devashibhai; Biswas, Pabitra K; Baker, Peter J; Zhang, Qian; Liu, Juanjuan; Tsirlin, Alexander A; Gegenwart, Philipp; Zhang, Qingming

    2016-08-26

    Muon spin relaxation (μSR) experiments on single crystals of the structurally perfect triangular antiferromagnet YbMgGaO_{4} indicate the absence of both static long-range magnetic order and spin freezing down to 0.048 K in a zero field. Below 0.4 K, the μ^{+} spin relaxation rates, which are proportional to the dynamic correlation function of the Yb^{3+} spins, exhibit temperature-independent plateaus. All these μSR results unequivocally support the formation of a gapless U(1) quantum spin liquid ground state in the triangular antiferromagnet YbMgGaO_{4}.

  18. Ground States of Spin-1/2 Heisenberg Antiferromagnets with Frustration on a Diamond-Like-Decorated Square Lattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hirose, Yuhei; Oguchi, Akihide; Fukumoto, Yoshiyuki

    2017-01-01

    We study the ground-state phase diagram of a Heisenberg model with spin S = 1/2 on a diamond-like-decorated square lattice. A diamond unit has two types of antiferromagnetic exchange interactions, and the ratio λ of the length of the diagonal bond to that of the other four edges determines the strength of frustration. It has been pointed out [J. Phys. Soc. Jpn 85, 033705 (2016)] that the so-called tetramer-dimer states, which are expected to be stabilized in an intermediate region of λc < λ < 2, are identical to the square-lattice dimer-covering states, which ignited renewed interest in high-dimensional diamond-like-decorated lattices. In order to determine the phase boundary λc, we employ the modified spin wave method to estimate the energy of the ferrimagnetic state and obtain λc = 0.974. Furthermore, our numerical diagonalization study suggests that other cluster states do not appear in the ground-state phase diagram.

  19. Suppression of the antiferromagnetic order when approaching the superconducting state in a phase-separated crystal of KxFe2 -ySe2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Shichao; Gan, Yuan; Wang, Jinghui; Zhong, Ruidan; Schneeloch, J. A.; Xu, Zhijun; Tian, Wei; Stone, M. B.; Chi, Songxue; Matsuda, M.; Sidis, Y.; Bourges, Ph.; Li, Qiang; Gu, Genda; Tranquada, J. M.; Xu, Guangyong; Birgeneau, R. J.; Wen, Jinsheng

    2017-09-01

    We have combined elastic and inelastic neutron scattering techniques, magnetic susceptibility, and resistivity measurements to study single-crystal samples of KxFe2 -ySe2 , which contain the superconducting phase that has a transition temperature of ˜31 K. In the inelastic neutron scattering measurements, we observe both the spin-wave excitations resulting from the block antiferromagnetic ordered phase and the resonance that is associated with the superconductivity in the superconducting phase, demonstrating the coexistence of these two orders. From the temperature dependence of the intensity of the magnetic Bragg peaks, we find that well before entering the superconducting state, the development of the magnetic order is interrupted, at ˜42 K. We consider this result to be evidence for the physical separation of the antiferromagnetic and superconducting phases; the suppression is possibly due to the proximity effect of the superconducting fluctuations on the antiferromagnetic order.

  20. Magnetic structure and crystal-field states of the pyrochlore antiferromagnet Nd2Zr2O7

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, J.; Anand, V. K.; Bera, A. K.; Frontzek, M.; Abernathy, D. L.; Casati, N.; Siemensmeyer, K.; Lake, B.

    2015-12-01

    We present synchrotron x-ray diffraction, neutron powder diffraction, and time-of-flight inelastic neutron scattering measurements on the rare earth pyrochlore oxide Nd2Zr2O7 to study the ordered state magnetic structure and cystal-field states. The structural characterization by high-resolution synchrotron x-ray diffraction confirms that the pyrochlore structure has no detectable O vacancies or Nd/Zr site mixing. The neutron diffraction reveals long-range all-in/all-out antiferromagnetic order below TN≈0.4 K with propagation vector k = (0 0 0) and an ordered moment of 1.26 (2 ) μB /Nd at 0.1 K. The ordered moment is much smaller than the estimated moment of 2.65 μB /Nd for the local <111 > Ising ground state of Nd3 + (J =9 /2 ) suggesting that the ordering is partially suppressed by quantum fluctuations. The inelastic neutron scattering experiment further confirms the Ising anisotropic ground state of Nd3 + and also reveals its dipolar-octupolar character which possibly induces the quantum fluctuation. The crystal-field level scheme and ground state wave function have been determined.

  1. Magnetic structure and crystal-field states of the pyrochlore antiferromagnet Nd2Zr2O7

    DOE PAGES

    Xu, J.; Anand, V. K.; Bera, A. K.; ...

    2015-12-28

    In this paper, we present synchrotron x-ray diffraction, neutron powder diffraction, and time-of-flight inelastic neutron scattering measurements on the rare earth pyrochlore oxide Nd2Zr2O7 to study the ordered state magnetic structure and cystal-field states. The structural characterization by high-resolution synchrotron x-ray diffraction confirms that the pyrochlore structure has no detectable O vacancies or Nd/Zr site mixing. The neutron diffraction reveals long-range all-in/all-out antiferromagnetic order below TN≈0.4 K with propagation vector k = (0 0 0) and an ordered moment of 1.26(2) μB/Nd at 0.1 K. The ordered moment is much smaller than the estimated moment of 2.65μB/Nd for the localmore » <111> Ising ground state of Nd3+ (J=9/2) suggesting that the ordering is partially suppressed by quantum fluctuations. The inelastic neutron scattering experiment further confirms the Ising anisotropic ground state of Nd3+ and also reveals its dipolar-octupolar character which possibly induces the quantum fluctuation. Lastly, the crystal-field level scheme and ground state wave function have been determined.« less

  2. Antiferromagnetism in chromium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jaramillo, Rafael

    I present two experimental studies of the spin density wave antiferromagnetic order in elemental Chromium. The first addresses the response of the magnetic ground state to applied pressure. The spin and charge order parameters are probed at high pressure and low temperature in a diamond anvil cell using monochromatic X-ray diffraction. We find that the magnetism is suppressed exponentially with pressure, providing a canonical example of a weak-coupling, mean-field ground state, before terminating at a quantum phase transition. We confirm the harmonic relationship between the spin and charge degrees of freedom in the low temperature regime, and we identify the microscopic coupling between pressure and magnetism. The discovery of the long-sought-after quantum critical regime sets the stage for a complete study of antiferromagnetic quantum criticality in this clean model system. The second study addresses the thermodynamics and transport properties of antiferromagnetic domain structure. We find a robust thermal hysteresis in the longitudinal and Hall resistivities of sub-mm bulk Cr samples. The temperature limits of the hysteresis are correlated with domain wall fluctuations and freezing. The persistent sign of the hysteresis and the macroscopic return point memory warrant a new understanding of domain wall energetics. By combining electrical transport and X-ray microdiffraction measurements we are able to pinpoint the effects of antiferromagnetic domain walls on electron transport.

  3. Band-renormalization effect in coexistent state of d-wave superconducting and antiferromagnetic orders for Hubbard model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sato, R.; Yokoyama, H.

    2016-11-01

    In view of cuprate superconductors, we apply a variational Monte Carlo method to a strongly correlated square-lattice Hubbard (t-t‧-U) model. As a one-body part in a trial wave function, we use a coexistent state of antiferromagnetic (AF) and d-wave superconducting (SC) orders for each of which band-renormalization effect (BRE) is considered independently. We focus on t‧/t and doping-rate (δ) dependence of properties of this state. It is found that the BRE for the AF order causes expansion of the AF area up to δ ∼ 0.2 for a large |t‧/t|. For t‧ / t = 0 (- 0.3), the AF and SC orders are coexistent (mutually exclusive), and the state is unstable toward (stable against) phase separation. This feature of coexistence or exclusion depends on the position of the Fermi surface in the underlying pure AF state, and indicates that antinodal Fermi surfaces are crucial for forming d-wave SC.

  4. Nonlinear magnetoelectric effect and magnetostriction in piezoelectric CsCuCl{sub 3} in paramagnetic and antiferromagnetic states

    SciTech Connect

    Kharkovskiy, A. I.; Shaldin, Yu. V.; Nizhankovskii, V. I.

    2016-01-07

    The direct nonlinear magnetoelectric (ME) effect and the magnetostriction of piezoelectric CsCuCl{sub 3} single crystals were comprehensively studied over a wide temperature range in stationary magnetic fields of up to 14 T. The direct nonlinear ME effect measurements were also performed in pulsed magnetic fields up to 31 T, at liquid helium temperature in the antiferromagnetic (AF) state for the crystallographic direction in which effect has the maximum value. The nonlinear ME effect was quadratic in the paramagnetic state for the whole range of magnetic fields. In the AF state the phase transition between different configurations of spins manifested itself as plateau-like peculiarity on the nonlinear ME effect. The nonlinear ME effect was saturated by the phase transition to the spin-saturated paramagnetic state. Two contributions to the nonlinear ME effects in CsCuCl{sub 3} were extracted from the experimental data: the intrinsic ME effect originated from the magnetoelectric interactions, and the extrinsic one, which resulted from a magnetostriction-induced piezoelectric effect.

  5. Decoupling of the antiferromagnetic and insulating states in Tb-doped Sr2IrO4

    DOE PAGES

    Wang, J. C.; Aswartham, S.; Ye, Feng; ...

    2015-12-08

    Sr2IrO4 is a spin-orbit coupled insulator with an antiferromagnetic (AFM) transition at TN = 240 K. We report results of a comprehensive study of single-crystal Sr2Ir1-xTbxO4 (0≤x≤0.03). This study found that mere 3% (x=0.03) tetravalent Tb4+(4f7) substituting for Ir4+ (rather than Sr2+) completely suppresses the long-range collinear AFM transition but retains the insulating state, leading to a phase diagram featuring a decoupling of magnetic interactions and charge gap. The insulating state at x = 0.03 is characterized by an unusually large specific heat at low temperatures and an incommensurate magnetic state having magnetic peaks at (0.95, 0, 0) and (0,more » 0.95, 0) in the neutron diffraction, suggesting a spiral or spin density wave order. It is apparent that Tb doping effectively changes the relative strength of the SOI and the tetragonal CEF and enhances the Hund’s rule coupling that competes with the SOI, and destabilizes the AFM state. However, the disappearance of the AFM accompanies no metallic state chiefly because an energy level mismatch for the Ir and Tb sites weakens charge carrier hopping and renders a persistent insulating state. Furthermore, this work highlights an unconventional correlation between the AFM and insulating states in which the magnetic transition plays no critical role in the formation of the charge gap in the iridate.« less

  6. Decoupling of the antiferromagnetic and insulating states in Tb-doped S r2Ir O4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, J. C.; Aswartham, S.; Ye, Feng; Terzic, J.; Zheng, H.; Haskel, Daniel; Chikara, Shalinee; Choi, Yong; Schlottmann, P.; Custelcean, Radu; Yuan, S. J.; Cao, G.

    2015-12-01

    S r2Ir O4 is a spin-orbit-coupled insulator with an antiferromagnetic (AFM) transition at TN=240 K . We report results of a comprehensive study of single-crystal S r2I r1 -xT bxO4(0 ≤x ≤0.03 ) . This study found that a mere 3% (x =0.03 ) of tetravalent T b4 +(4 f7 ) substituting for I r4 + (rather than S r2 + ) completely suppresses the long-range collinear AFM transition but retains the insulating state, leading to a phase diagram featuring a decoupling of the magnetic interactions and charge gap. The insulating state at x =0.03 is characterized by an unusually large specific heat at low temperatures and an incommensurate magnetic state having magnetic peaks at (0.95,0,0) and (0,0.95,0) in the neutron diffraction, suggesting a spiral or spin-density-wave order. It is apparent that Tb doping effectively changes the relative strength of the spin-orbit interaction (SOI) and the tetragonal crystal electric field and enhances the Hund's rule coupling that competes with the SOI, and destabilizes the AFM state. However, the disappearance of the AFM is accompanied by no metallic state chiefly because an energy level mismatch for the Ir and Tb sites weakens charge carrier hopping and causes a persistent insulating state. This work highlights an unconventional correlation between the AFM and insulating states in which the magnetic transition plays no critical role in the formation of the charge gap in the iridate.

  7. Monoclinic crystal structure of α-RuCl3 and the zigzag antiferromagnetic ground state

    DOE PAGES

    Johnson, R. D.; Williams, S. C.; Haghighirad, A. A.; ...

    2015-12-10

    We have proposed the layered honeycomb magnet α - RuCl 3 as a candidate to realize a Kitaev spin model with strongly frustrated, bond-dependent, anisotropic interactions between spin-orbit entangled j eff = 1/2 Ru 3 + magnetic moments. We report a detailed study of the three-dimensional crystal structure using x-ray diffraction on untwinned crystals combined with structural relaxation calculations. We consider several models for the stacking of honeycomb layers and find evidence for a parent crystal structure with a monoclinic unit cell corresponding to a stacking of layers with a unidirectional in-plane offset, with occasional in-plane sliding stacking faults, inmore » contrast with the currently assumed trigonal three-layer stacking periodicity. We also report electronic band-structure calculations for the monoclinic structure, which find support for the applicability of the j eff = 1/2 picture once spin-orbit coupling and electron correlations are included. Of the three nearest-neighbor Ru-Ru bonds that comprise the honeycomb lattice, the monoclinic structure makes the bond parallel to the b axis nonequivalent to the other two, and we propose that the resulting differences in the magnitude of the anisotropic exchange along these bonds could provide a natural mechanism to explain the previously reported spin gap in powder inelastic neutron scattering measurements, in contrast to spin models based on the three-fold symmetric trigonal structure, which predict a gapless spectrum within linear spin wave theory. Our susceptibility measurements on both powders and stacked crystals, as well as magnetic neutron powder diffraction, show a single magnetic transition upon cooling below T N ≈ 13 K. Our analysis of our neutron powder diffraction data provides evidence for zigzag magnetic order in the honeycomb layers with an antiferromagnetic stacking between layers. Magnetization measurements on stacked single crystals in pulsed field up to 60 T show a single transition

  8. Gapless quantum spin liquid ground state behavior in the rare-earth triangular antiferromagnet YbMgGaO4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Yuesheng; Zhang, Qingming; Chen, Gang

    The ground state of a spin-orbit coupled insulator with an odd number of electrons per unit cell must be exotic as long as the time reversal symmetry is preserved according to the recent theoretical advances. We present a new structurally perfect triangular quantum spin liquid (QSL) candidate YbMgGaO4 with spin-orbit entangled effective spin-1/2 for Yb3+. Due to the spin-orbit entanglement, the neighboring spin interaction is highly anisotropic in the spin space. We carried out the thermodynamic and the electron spin resonance measurements for YbMgGaO4 single-crystals to quantitatively determine the anisotropic couplings. Despite the antiferromagnetic couplings (~4K), no spin freezing was observed at least down to 60mK. The magnetic heat capacity of YbMgGaO4 clearly behaves as Cv ~ Tγ (γ ~ 2/3) from about 1K down to 60mK, suggesting a probable gapless QSL. Almost zero residual spin entropy (<0.6% of Rln2) at 60mK, indicates the system accesses the ground state property. Our results shed new light on the search for QSLs in strong spin-orbit coupled insulators.

  9. Edge state and its stability of 2D antiferromagnetic quantum spin systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suzuki, Takafumi; Sato, Masahiro

    2012-02-01

    Topological insulators (TIs) [1] have been of great interest in condensed matter physics. One of the most important points is that TIs are characterized by non-local quantities such as topological quantities of the bulk or gapless surface states [2]. The TI phase and the surface states are quite stable for any time-reversal symmetric perturbations. On the other hand, the Haldane-gap state in quantum spin systems is another class of the topological state [3], because, similarly to TIs, this gapped state has no local order and is characterized by the non-local (string) order parameter or free spins at the edges. In this study, motivated by the recent development of theories for topological phases and surface states, we consider properties of edge states in 2D quantum spin systems by applying the quantum Monte Carlo method. Particularly, we focus on the three points; (1) which spin systems can have gapless edge states, (2) the stability of the gapless edge states, and (3) the difference between the edge modes of TIs and spin systems. [4pt] [1] See, for example, M. Z. Hasan and C. L. Kane, RMP82, 3045 (2010). [0pt] [2] A. P. Schnyder, et al., PRB 78, 195125 (2008), A. Kitaev, AIP Conf. Proc. 1134, 22 (2009). [0pt] [3] F.D.M. Haldane, Phys. Lett. 93A, 464 (1983); PRL50, 1153 (1983).

  10. Evidence for the antiferromagnetic ground state of Zr2TiAl: a first-principles study.

    PubMed

    Reddy, P V Sreenivasa; Kanchana, V; Vaitheeswaran, G; Ruban, Andrei V; Christensen, N E

    2017-07-05

    A detailed study on the ternary Zr-based intermetallic compound Zr2TiAl has been carried out using first-principles electronic structure calculations. From the total energy calculations, we find an antiferromagnetic L11-like (AFM) phase with alternating (1 1 1) spin-up and spin-down layers to be a stable phase among some others with magnetic moment on Ti being 1.22 [Formula: see text]. The calculated magnetic exchange interaction parameters of the Heisenberg Hamiltonian and subsequent Heisenberg Monte Carlo simulations confirm that this phase is the magnetic ground structure with Néel temperature between 30 and 100 K. The phonon dispersion relations further confirm the stability of the magnetic phase while the non-magnetic phase is found to have imaginary phonon modes and the same is also found from the calculated elastic constants. The magnetic moment of Ti is found to decrease under pressure eventually driving the system to the non-magnetic phase at around 46 GPa, where the phonon modes are found to be positive indicating stability of the non-magnetic phase. A continuous change in the band structure under compression leads to the corresponding change of the Fermi surface topology and electronic topological transitions (ETT) in both majority and minority spin cases, which are also evident from the calculated elastic constants and density of state calculations for the material under compression.

  11. Evidence for the antiferromagnetic ground state of Zr2TiAl: a first-principles study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sreenivasa Reddy, P. V.; Kanchana, V.; Vaitheeswaran, G.; Ruban, Andrei V.; Christensen, N. E.

    2017-07-01

    A detailed study on the ternary Zr-based intermetallic compound Zr2TiAl has been carried out using first-principles electronic structure calculations. From the total energy calculations, we find an antiferromagnetic L11-like (AFM) phase with alternating (1 1 1) spin-up and spin-down layers to be a stable phase among some others with magnetic moment on Ti being 1.22 {μ\\text{B}} . The calculated magnetic exchange interaction parameters of the Heisenberg Hamiltonian and subsequent Heisenberg Monte Carlo simulations confirm that this phase is the magnetic ground structure with Néel temperature between 30 and 100 K. The phonon dispersion relations further confirm the stability of the magnetic phase while the non-magnetic phase is found to have imaginary phonon modes and the same is also found from the calculated elastic constants. The magnetic moment of Ti is found to decrease under pressure eventually driving the system to the non-magnetic phase at around 46 GPa, where the phonon modes are found to be positive indicating stability of the non-magnetic phase. A continuous change in the band structure under compression leads to the corresponding change of the Fermi surface topology and electronic topological transitions (ETT) in both majority and minority spin cases, which are also evident from the calculated elastic constants and density of state calculations for the material under compression.

  12. Hole-s± State Induced by Coexisting Ferro- and Antiferromagnetic and Antiferro-orbital Fluctuations in Iron Pnictides

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ishizuka, Jun; Yamada, Takemi; Yanagi, Yuki; Ōno, Yoshiaki

    2016-11-01

    The five-orbital Hubbard model for iron-based superconductors is investigated using the dynamical mean-field theory combined with the Eliashberg equation to clarify the local correlation effects on the electronic states and the superconductivity. In the specific case where the antiferromagnetic (AFM) and antiferro-orbital (AFO) fluctuations are comparably enhanced, the orbital dependence of the vertex function is significantly large, while that of the self-energy is small, in contrast to the AFM fluctuation-dominated case where the vertex function (the self-energy) shows a small (large) orbital dependence. The orbital-dependent vertex function together with the nesting between the inner and outer hole Fermi surfaces results in the enhancement of the inter-orbital ferromagnetic (FM) fluctuation in addition to the AFM and AFO fluctuations. In this case, the hole-s±-wave pairing with the sign change of the two hole Fermi surfaces is mediated by the coexisting three fluctuations as expected to be observed in the specific compound LiFeAs.

  13. Ground state and intrinsic susceptibility of the kagome antiferromagnet vesignieite as seen by 51V NMR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Quilliam, J. A.; Bert, F.; Colman, R. H.; Boldrin, D.; Wills, A. S.; Mendels, P.

    2011-11-01

    The intrinsic magnetic susceptibility and local magnetization of the near-kagome quantum magnet vesignieite, Cu3BaV2O8(OH)2, are presented as measured using 51V NMR. The NMR line shift gives an accurate measurement of the intrinsic susceptibility of the kagome sites which closely resembles that of the quantum spin liquid herbertsmithite [A. Olariu , Phys. Rev. Lett.PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.100.087202 100, 087202 (2008)]. It is therefore surprising that, at TC≃9 K, a transition to a heterogeneous ground state is observed. A gradual wipeout of half the NMR intensity indicates a slowly fluctuating spin liquid component, and a detailed analysis of the linewidth reveals the onset of static magnetism at the remaining half of the sites. It is proposed that this transition and unusual ground state originate from a nearby quantum critical point induced by the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction.

  14. Werner states and the two-spinors Heisenberg anti-ferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Batle, J.; Casas, M.; Plastino, A.; Plastino, A. R.

    2005-08-01

    We ascertain, following ideas of Arnesen, Bose, and Vedral concerning thermal entanglement [Phys. Rev. Lett. 87 (2001) 017901] and using the statistical tool called entropic non-triviality [P.W. Lamberti, M.T. Martin, A. Plastino, O.A. Rosso, Physica A 334 (2004) 119], that there is a one-to-one correspondence between (i) the mixing coefficient x of a Werner state, on the one hand, and (ii) the temperature T of the one-dimensional Heisenberg two-spin chain with a magnetic field B along the z-axis, on the other one. This is true for each value of B below a certain critical value B. The pertinent mapping depends on the particular B-value one selects within such a range.

  15. Revisiting the ground state of CoAl2O4 : Comparison to the conventional antiferromagnet MnAl2O4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    MacDougall, G. J.; Aczel, A. A.; Su, Yixi; Schweika, W.; Faulhaber, E.; Schneidewind, A.; Christianson, A. D.; Zarestky, J. L.; Zhou, H. D.; Mandrus, D.; Nagler, S. E.

    2016-11-01

    The A -site spinel material CoAl2O4 is a physical realization of the frustrated diamond-lattice antiferromagnet, a model in which unique incommensurate or "spin-spiral-liquid" ground states are predicted. Our previous single-crystal neutron scattering study instead classified it as a "kinetically inhibited" antiferromagnet, where the long-ranged correlations of a collinear Néel ground state are blocked by the freezing of domain-wall motion below a first-order phase transition at T*=6.5 K. This paper provides new data sets from a number of experiments, which support and expand this work in several important ways. We show that the phenomenology leading to the kinetically inhibited order is unaffected by sample measured and instrument resolution, while new low-temperature measurements reveal spin correlations are unchanging between T =2 K and 250 mK, consistent with a frozen state. Polarized diffuse neutron measurements show several interesting magnetic features, which can be entirely explained by the existence of short-ranged Néel order. Finally, and crucially, this paper presents some neutron scattering studies of single crystalline MnAl2O4 , which acts as an unfrustrated analog to CoAl2O4 and shows all the hallmarks of a classical antiferromagnet with a continuous phase transition to Néel order at TN=39 K. Direct comparison between the two compounds indicates that CoAl2O4 is unique, not in the nature of high-temperature diffuse correlations, but rather in the nature of the frozen state below T*. The higher level of cation inversion in the MnAl2O4 sample indicates that this behavior is primarily an effect of greater next-nearest-neighbor exchange.

  16. Revisiting the ground state of CoAl2O4 : Comparison to the conventional antiferromagnet MnAl2O4

    DOE PAGES

    MacDougall, Gregory J.; Aczel, Adam A.; Su, Yixi; ...

    2016-11-17

    The A-site spinel material CoAl2O4 is a physical realization of the frustrated diamond-lattice antiferromagnet, a model in which unique incommensurate or “spin-spiral-liquid” ground states are predicted. Our previous single-crystal neutron scattering study instead classified it as a “kinetically inhibited” antiferromagnet, where the long-ranged correlations of a collinear Néel ground state are blocked by the freezing of domain-wall motion below a first-order phase transition at T*=6.5 K. This study provides new data sets from a number of experiments, which support and expand this work in several important ways. We show that the phenomenology leading to the kinetically inhibited order is unaffectedmore » by sample measured and instrument resolution, while new low-temperature measurements reveal spin correlations are unchanging between T=2 K and 250 mK, consistent with a frozen state. Polarized diffuse neutron measurements show several interesting magnetic features, which can be entirely explained by the existence of short-ranged Néel order. Finally, and crucially, this paper presents some neutron scattering studies of single crystalline MnAl2O4, which acts as an unfrustrated analog to CoAl2O4 and shows all the hallmarks of a classical antiferromagnet with a continuous phase transition to Néel order at TN=39 K. Direct comparison between the two compounds indicates that CoAl2O4 is unique, not in the nature of high-temperature diffuse correlations, but rather in the nature of the frozen state below T*. Finally, the higher level of cation inversion in the MnAl2O4 sample indicates that this behavior is primarily an effect of greater next-nearest-neighbor exchange.« less

  17. Superconductivity, antiferromagnetism, and neutron scattering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tranquada, John M.; Xu, Guangyong; Zaliznyak, Igor A.

    2014-01-01

    High-temperature superconductivity in both the copper-oxide and the iron-pnictide/chalcogenide systems occurs in close proximity to antiferromagnetically ordered states. Neutron scattering has been an essential technique for characterizing the spin correlations in the antiferromagnetic phases and for demonstrating how the spin fluctuations persist in the superconductors. While the nature of the spin correlations in the superconductors remains controversial, the neutron scattering measurements of magnetic excitations over broad ranges of energy and momentum transfers provide important constraints on the theoretical options. We present an overview of the neutron scattering work on high-temperature superconductors and discuss some of the outstanding issues.

  18. Domain walls in antiferromagnetically coupled multilayer films.

    PubMed

    Hellwig, Olav; Berger, Andreas; Fullerton, Eric E

    2003-11-07

    We report experimentally observed magnetic domain-wall structures in antiferromagnetically coupled multilayer films with perpendicular anisotropy. Our studies reveal a first-order phase transition from domain walls with no net moment to domain walls with ferromagnetic cores. The transition originates from the competition between dipolar and exchange energies, which we tune by means of layer thickness. Although observed in a synthetic antiferromagnetic system, such domain-wall structures may be expected to occur in A-type antiferromagnets with anisotropic exchange coupling.

  19. A magnetic field induced phase transition, from metallic to a highly conducting state, in the antiferromagnetic insulator λ-(BETS)_2FeCl_4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Balicas, L.; Storr, K.; Brooks, J. S.; Uji, S.; Ojima, E.; Fujiwara, H.; Kobayashi, H.; Kobayashi, A.; Tokumoto, M.

    2001-03-01

    The λ-(BETS)_2FeCl4 compound presents a phase transition, from metallic to an insulating antiferromagnetic ground state at ~= 8 K, which is associated with the antiferromagnetic ordering of the Fe ions. For the application of a magnetic accurately positioned in-plane, a new ground state has been observed above 17 T which has been suggested to be field induced superconductivity[1]. This transition has also been characterized by magnetic torque measurements, which indicate a hysteretic signal. Here we present electrical transport measurements on different samples of the same material. Although some important differences appear, we find clear indications of a phase transition from a metallic to a highly conducting state when magnetic fields exceeding 20 tesla are applied along the conducting planes. We discuss the possible physical origins of this transition. Work supported by NSF-DMR-99-74714. [1] S. Shinagawa, S. Uji et al., Proc. Phys. Phenom. Adv. Fields, Tsukuba, Japan, March 2000, and to be published.

  20. Torque magnetometry study of magnetically ordered state and spin reorientation in the quasi-one-dimensional S =1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet CuSb2O6

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Herak, Mirta; Žilić, Dijana; Matković Čalogović, Dubravka; Berger, Helmuth

    2015-05-01

    The antiferromagnetically ordered state of the monoclinic quasi-one-dimensional S =1 /2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet CuSb2O6 was studied combining torque magnetometry with a phenomenological approach to magnetic anisotropy. This system is known to have a number of different twins in the monoclinic β phase, which differ in the orientation of the two CuO6 octahedra in the unit cell resulting in different orientation of magnetic axes with respect to crystal axes for each twin. We performed torque measurements in magnetic fields H ≤0.8 T on a sample where a certain type of twin was shown to be dominant by ESR spectroscopy. The measured data reveal that the easy axis is the crystallographic b axis for this sample. Phenomenological magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy invariant to crystal symmetry operations was used to model the spin axis direction in zero and finite magnetic fields. Our model reproduces the value of the spin-flop field HSF=1.25 T found in literature. A combination of this approach with our torque results shows that the spin axis will flop in the direction of the maximal value of measured g tensor when the magnetic field H >HSF is applied along the easy axis direction. Our analysis of magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy predicts two possibilities for the easy axis direction in this system, b or a , connected to different crystallographic twins that can be realized in CuSb2O6 . These results offer a possibility to reconcile the different reports of easy axis direction found in literature for this system and also nicely demonstrate how a combination of torque magnetometry and a phenomenological approach to magnetic anisotropy can be used to determine the value of the spin-flop field and the direction of spin axis in antiferromagnets in both H HSF by performing measurements in fields significantly smaller than HSF.

  1. Ashkin-Teller criticality and weak first-order behavior of the phase transition to a fourfold degenerate state in two-dimensional frustrated Ising antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, R. M.; Zhuo, W. Z.; Chen, J.; Qin, M. H.; Zeng, M.; Lu, X. B.; Gao, X. S.; Liu, J.-M.

    2017-07-01

    We study the thermal phase transition of the fourfold degenerate phases (the plaquette and single-stripe states) in the two-dimensional frustrated Ising model on the Shastry-Sutherland lattice using Monte Carlo simulations. The critical Ashkin-Teller-like behavior is identified both in the plaquette phase region and the single-stripe phase region. The four-state Potts critical end points differentiating the continuous transitions from the first-order ones are estimated based on finite-size-scaling analyses. Furthermore, a similar behavior of the transition to the fourfold single-stripe phase is also observed in the anisotropic triangular Ising model. Thus, this work clearly demonstrates that the transitions to the fourfold degenerate states of two-dimensional Ising antiferromagnets exhibit similar transition behavior.

  2. Fermi Surfaces in the Antiferromagnetic, Paramagnetic and Polarized Paramagnetic States of CeRh2Si2 Compared with Quantum Oscillation Experiments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pourret, Alexandre; Suzuki, Michi-To; Palaccio Morales, Alexandra; Seyfarth, Gabriel; Knebel, Georg; Aoki, Dai; Flouquet, Jacques

    2017-08-01

    The large quantum oscillations observed in the thermoelectric power in the antiferromagnetic (AF) state of the heavy-fermion compound CeRh2Si2 disappear suddenly when entering in the polarized paramagnetic (PPM) state at Hc ˜ 26.5 T, indicating an abrupt reconstruction of the Fermi surface. The electronic band structure was calculated using [LDA+U] for the AF state taking the correct magnetic structure into account, for the PPM state, and for the paramagnetic state (PM). Different Fermi surfaces were obtained for the AF, PM, and PPM states. Due to band folding, a large number of branches was expected and observed in the AF state. The LDA+U calculation was compared with the previous LDA calculations. Furthermore, we compared both calculations with previously published de Haas-van Alphen experiments. The better agreement with the LDA approach suggests that above the critical pressure pc CeRh2Si2 enters in a mixed-valence state. In the PPM state under a high magnetic field, the 4f contribution at the Fermi level EF drops significantly compared with that in the PM state, and the 4f electrons contribute only weakly to the Fermi surface in our approach.

  3. Crystalline Electric Field as a Probe for Long-Range Antiferromagnetic Order and Superconducting State of CeFeAsO1-xFx

    SciTech Connect

    Chi, Songxue; Adroja, D. T.; GUIDI, T.; Bewley, Robert I.; Li, Shiliang; Zhao, Jun; Lynn, J. W.; Brown, C. M.; Qiu, Y.; Chen, G. F,; Luo, J. L.; Wang, N. L.; Dai, Pengcheng

    2008-01-01

    We use inelastic neutron scattering to study the crystalline electric field (CEF) excitations of Ce{sup 3+} in CeFeAsO{sub 1-x}F{sub x} (x=0, 0.16). For nonsuperconducting CeFeAsO, the Ce CEF levels have three magnetic doublets in the paramagnetic state, but these doublets split into six singlets when the Fe ions order antiferromagnetically. For superconducting CeFeAsO{sub 0.84}F{sub 0.16} (T{sub c} = 41 K), where the static antiferromagnetic order is suppressed, the Ce CEF levels have three magnetic doublets at {h_bar}{sub {omega}} = 0, 18.7, 58.4 meV at all temperatures. Careful measurements of the intrinsic linewidth {Lambda} and the peak position of the 18.7 meV mode reveal a clear anomaly at T{sub c}, consistent with a strong enhancement of local magnetic susceptibility {chi}{double_prime}({h_bar}{sub {omega}}) below T{sub c}. These results suggest that CEF excitations in the rare-earth oxypnictides can be used as a probe of spin dynamics in the nearby FeAs planes.

  4. A site-selective antiferromagnetic ground state in layered pnictide-oxide BaTi{sub 2}As{sub 2}O

    SciTech Connect

    Yu, Xiang-Long; Zou, Liang-Jian; Liu, Da-Yong; Quan, Ya-Min; Jia, Ting; Lin, Hai-Qing

    2014-05-07

    The electronic and magnetic properties of BaTi{sub 2}As{sub 2}O have been investigated using both the first-principles and analytical methods. The full-potential linearized augmented plane-wave calculations show that the most stable state is a site-selective antiferromagnetic (AFM) metal with a 2×1×1 magnetic unit cell containing two nonmagnetic Ti atoms and two other Ti atoms with antiparallel moments. Further analysis to Fermi surface and spin susceptibility shows that the site-selective AFM ground state is driven by the Fermi surface nesting and the Coulomb correlation. Meanwhile, the charge density distribution remains uniform, suggesting that the phase transition at 200 K in experiment is a spin-density-wave transition.

  5. Zigzag antiferromagnetic ground state with anisotropic correlation lengths in the quasi-two-dimensional honeycomb lattice compound N a2C o2Te O6

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bera, A. K.; Yusuf, S. M.; Kumar, Amit; Ritter, C.

    2017-03-01

    The crystal structure, magnetic ground state, and the temperature-dependent microscopic spin-spin correlations of the frustrated honeycomb lattice antiferromagnet N a2C o2Te O6 have been investigated by powder neutron diffraction. A long-range antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordering has been found below TN˜24.8 K . The magnetic ground state, determined to be zigzag antiferromagnetic and characterized by a propagation vector k =(1 /2 0 0 ) , occurs due to the competing exchange interactions up to third-nearest neighbors within the honeycomb lattice. The exceptional existence of a limited magnetic correlation length along the c axis (perpendicular to the honeycomb layers in the a b planes) has been found even at 1.8 K, well below the TN˜24.8 K . The observed limited correlation along the c axis is explained by the disorder distribution of the Na ions within the intermediate layers between honeycomb planes. The reduced ordered moments mCo (1 )=2.77 (3 ) μB/C o2 + and mCo (2 )=2.45 (2 ) μB/C o2 + at 1.8 K reflect the persistence of spin fluctuations in the ordered state. Above TN˜24.8 K , the presence of short-range magnetic correlations, manifested by broad diffuse magnetic peaks in the diffraction patterns, has been found. Reverse Monte Carlo analysis of the experimental diffuse magnetic scattering data reveals that the spin correlations are mainly confined within the two-dimensional honeycomb layers (a b plane) with a correlation length of ˜12 Å at 25 K. The nature of the spin arrangements is found to be similar in both the short-range and long-range ordered magnetic states. This implies that the short-range correlation grows with decreasing temperature and leads to the zigzag AFM ordering at T ≤TN . The present study provides a comprehensive picture of the magnetic correlations over the temperature range above and below the TN and their relation to the crystal structure. The role of intermediate soft Na layers on the magnetic coupling between honeycomb planes is

  6. Intrinsic magnetization of antiferromagnetic textures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tveten, Erlend G.; Müller, Tristan; Linder, Jacob; Brataas, Arne

    2016-03-01

    Antiferromagnets (AFMs) exhibit intrinsic magnetization when the order parameter spatially varies. This intrinsic spin is present even at equilibrium and can be interpreted as a twisting of the homogeneous AFM into a state with a finite spin. Because magnetic moments couple directly to external magnetic fields, the intrinsic magnetization can alter the dynamics of antiferromagnetic textures under such influence. Starting from the discrete Heisenberg model, we derive the continuum limit of the free energy of AFMs in the exchange approximation and explicitly rederive that the spatial variation of the antiferromagnetic order parameter is associated with an intrinsic magnetization density. We calculate the magnetization profile of a domain wall and discuss how the intrinsic magnetization reacts to external forces. We show conclusively, both analytically and numerically, that a spatially inhomogeneous magnetic field can move and control the position of domain walls in AFMs. By comparing our model to a commonly used alternative parametrization procedure for the continuum fields, we show that the physical interpretations of these fields depend critically on the choice of parametrization procedure for the discrete-to-continuous transition. This can explain why a significant amount of recent studies of the dynamics of AFMs, including effective models that describe the motion of antiferromagnetic domain walls, have neglected the intrinsic spin of the textured order parameter.

  7. Optical conductivity of cuprates in the pseudogap state: Yang-Rice-Zhang model and antiferromagnetic spin waves

    SciTech Connect

    Singh, Navinder; Sharma, Raman

    2015-05-15

    In the underdoped regime of the cuprate phase diagram, the modified version of the Resonance Valence Bond (RVB) model by Yang, Rice and Zhang (YRZ) captures the strong electronic correlation effects very well as corroborated by the ARPES and many other experiments. However, under a non-equilibrium transport setting, YRZ says nothing about the scattering mechanisms of the charge carriers. In the present investigation we include, in a very simplified way, the scattering of charge carriers due to antiferromagnetic type spin waves (ASW). The effect of ASW excitations on conductivity has been studied by changing combined life times of the included process. It has been found that there is a qualitative change in the conductivity in the right direction. The theoretical conductivity reproduces qualitatively the experimental one.

  8. Classical Antiferromagnetism in Kinetically Frustrated Electronic Models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sposetti, C. N.; Bravo, B.; Trumper, A. E.; Gazza, C. J.; Manuel, L. O.

    2014-05-01

    We study, by means of the density matrix renormalization group, the infinite U Hubbard model—with one hole doped away from half filling—in triangular and square lattices with frustrated hoppings, which invalidate Nagaoka's theorem. We find that these kinetically frustrated models have antiferromagnetic ground states with classical local magnetization in the thermodynamic limit. We identify the mechanism of this kinetic antiferromagnetism with the release of the kinetic energy frustration, as the hole moves in the established antiferromagnetic background. This release can occur in two different ways: by a nontrivial spin Berry phase acquired by the hole, or by the effective vanishing of the hopping amplitude along the frustrating loops.

  9. Antiferromagnetic order competing with topological state in Ce{sub x}Bi{sub 2−x}Te{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, H. S.; Kim, J.; Jung, M. H.; Lee, K.; Jelen, A.; Vrtnik, S.; Jagličić, Z.; Dolinšek, J.

    2015-11-02

    The topological surface states in three-dimensional topological insulators are easily tuned by chemical doping, especially by magnetic impurities. We prepared single crystals of Ce{sub x}Bi{sub 2−x}Te{sub 3} with various x (=0.04, 0.06, 0.08, 0.10, and 0.12). The obtained crystals were characterized by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The magnetic susceptibility data revealed that the Ce atoms are well substituted for Bi into Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3}. From the Curie-Weiss fits, we observed that the effective magnetic moments μ{sub eff} are close to 2.54 μ{sub B} for free Ce ion, and the paramagnetic Curie-Weiss temperatures θ{sub p} are negatively increased from 2.87 K to −59.3 K with increasing x. The magnetization data clearly showed antiferromagnetic orders around T{sub N} = 4.1 K for x ≥ 0.08, where θ{sub p} suddenly increases, and the electrical resistivity is simply metallic and the magnetoresistance is parabolic. Only for x = 0.06, exotic physical properties arising from the topological states were observed such as non-metallic behavior in the electrical resistivity and linear dependence of the magnetoresistance. Moreover, the carrier concentration of x = 0.06 is one order lower than that of x ≥ 0.08. These observations propose that the antiferromagnetic order is strongly competing with the topological state in Ce{sub x}Bi{sub 2−x}Te{sub 3}.

  10. Depression of superconducting and antiferromagnetic states in the Dy-rich (U 1- xDy x)Ni 2B 2C solid solutions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gonçalves, António P.; Pereira, Laura C. J.; Kuznietz, Moshe; Almeida, Manuel; Silva, Paulo A. S.; Godinho, Margarida

    2000-06-01

    Polycrystalline Dy-rich (U 1- xDy x)Ni 2B 2C solid solutions ( x=0.97, 0.95, 0.90) were prepared, adopting LuNi 2B 2C-type structure. AC-susceptibility and magnetization studies show that Dy substitution by U (decreasing x) affects the superconducting (SC) and antiferromagnetic (AF) transitions of DyNi 2B 2C [initial magnetic order at 16.3(3) K, AF at 10.4(3) K, SC at ≅6 K], lowering the magnetic transition temperatures, with AF order disappearing for x<0.90. There is no clear evidence for a SC state in the materials down to the lower-temperature limit of 2 K.

  11. Magnon Spin Nernst Effect in Antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zyuzin, Vladimir A.; Kovalev, Alexey A.

    2016-11-01

    We predict that a temperature gradient can induce a magnon-mediated spin Hall response in an antiferromagnet with nontrivial magnon Berry curvature. We develop a linear response theory which gives a general condition for a Hall current to be well defined, even when the thermal Hall response is forbidden by symmetry. We apply our theory to a honeycomb lattice antiferromagnet and discuss a role of magnon edge states in a finite geometry.

  12. Quantum-spin-liquid states in the two-dimensional kagome antiferromagnets ZnxCu4-x(OD)6Cl2.

    PubMed

    Lee, S-H; Kikuchi, H; Qiu, Y; Lake, B; Huang, Q; Habicht, K; Kiefer, K

    2007-11-01

    A three-dimensional system of interacting spins typically develops static long-range order when it is cooled. If the spins are quantum (S=1/2), however, novel quantum paramagnetic states may appear. The most highly sought state among them is the resonating-valence-bond state, in which every pair of neighbouring quantum spins forms an entangled spin singlet (valence bonds) and these singlets are quantum mechanically resonating among themselves. Here we provide an experimental indication for such quantum paramagnetic states existing in frustrated antiferromagnets, Zn(x)Cu(4-x)(OD)(6)Cl(2), where the S=1/2 magnetic Cu2+ moments form layers of a two-dimensional kagome lattice. We find that in Cu(4)(OD)(6)Cl(2), where distorted kagome planes are weakly coupled, a dispersionless excitation mode appears in the magnetic excitation spectrum below approximately 20 K, whose characteristics resemble those of quantum spin singlets in a solid state, known as a valence-bond solid, that breaks translational symmetry. Doping with non-magnetic Zn2+ ions reduces the distortion of the kagome lattice, and weakens the interplane coupling but also dilutes the magnetic occupancy of the kagome lattice. The valence-bond-solid state is suppressed, and for ZnCu(3)(OD)(6)Cl(2), where the kagome planes are undistorted and 90% occupied by the Cu2+ ions, the low-energy spin fluctuations become featureless.

  13. Constructing a magnetic handle for antiferromagnetic manganites

    SciTech Connect

    Glavic, Artur; Dixit, Hemant; Cooper, Valentino R.; Aczel, Adam A.

    2016-04-27

    An intrinsic property of antiferromagnetic materials is the compensation of the magnetic moments from the individual atoms that prohibits the direct interaction of the spin lattice with an external magnetic field. To overcome this limitation we have created artificial spin structures by heteroepitaxy between two bulk antiferromagnets SrMnO 3 and NdMnO 3 . We demonstrate that charge transfer at the interface results in the creation of thin ferromagnetic layers adjacent to A -type antiferromagnetism in thick NdMnO 3 layers. A novel interference based neutron diffraction technique and polarized neutron reflectometry are used to confirm the presence of ferromagnetism in the SrMnO 3 layers and to probe the relative alignment of antiferromagnetic spins induced by the coupling at the ferro- to antiferromagnet interface. A density functional theory analysis of the driving forces for the exchange reveals strong ferromagnetic interfacial coupling through quantifiable short range charge transfer. Our results confirm a layer-by-layer control of magnetic arrangements that constitutes a promising step on a path towards isothermal magnetic control of antiferromagnetic arrangements as would be necessary in spin-based heterostructures like multiferroic devices.

  14. Constructing a magnetic handle for antiferromagnetic manganites

    DOE PAGES

    Glavic, Artur; Dixit, Hemant; Cooper, Valentino R.; ...

    2016-04-27

    An intrinsic property of antiferromagnetic materials is the compensation of the magnetic moments from the individual atoms that prohibits the direct interaction of the spin lattice with an external magnetic field. To overcome this limitation we have created artificial spin structures by heteroepitaxy between two bulk antiferromagnets SrMnO 3 and NdMnO 3 . We demonstrate that charge transfer at the interface results in the creation of thin ferromagnetic layers adjacent to A -type antiferromagnetism in thick NdMnO 3 layers. A novel interference based neutron diffraction technique and polarized neutron reflectometry are used to confirm the presence of ferromagnetism in themore » SrMnO 3 layers and to probe the relative alignment of antiferromagnetic spins induced by the coupling at the ferro- to antiferromagnet interface. A density functional theory analysis of the driving forces for the exchange reveals strong ferromagnetic interfacial coupling through quantifiable short range charge transfer. Our results confirm a layer-by-layer control of magnetic arrangements that constitutes a promising step on a path towards isothermal magnetic control of antiferromagnetic arrangements as would be necessary in spin-based heterostructures like multiferroic devices.« less

  15. Spin pumping torque in antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Semenov, Yuriy G.; Kim, Ki Wook

    2017-05-01

    A currentless, magnetic-field free mechanism for the Néel vector rotation in an antiferromagnet is proposed. An efficient torque is induced by spin pumping through charging/discharging of spin filtered electrons via a ferromagnetic layer in a spin capacitor structure consisting of the two heterogenous magnetic materials. The relatively long electron spin relaxation time in the antiferromagnet enables the electron spin polarizations to retain the exchange effective field sufficiently long to modulate the local magnetic moments and subsequently the magnetic state of the material. Precession of the sublattice magnetization is modeled based on the Néel vector formulation, theoretically demonstrating the feasibility of the physical mechanism (such as the reversal) with sub-aJ energy consumption. Its potential application to spintronic devices is also discussed.

  16. Large magnetovolume effects due to transition from the ferromagnetic to antiferromagnetic state in Hf0.825Ta0.175Fe2 intermetallic compound.

    PubMed

    Diop, L V B; Amara, M; Isnard, O

    2013-10-16

    Intrinsic magnetic properties and magnetovolume effects have been investigated for the Hf0.825Ta0.175Fe2 itinerant-electron system, which exhibits a temperature-induced first-order transition from the ferromagnetic (FM) to the antiferromagnetic (AFM) state. The spontaneous volume magnetostriction contraction due to this transition from the high-volume FM state to the low-volume AFM state is about 0.66%. Applying a magnetic field increases significantly the FM-AFM transition temperature T(FM-AFM), with a rate of 7.2 K T(-1). At temperatures T > T(FM-AFM) a first-order metamagnetic transition between the AFM and FM states has been observed from isothermal magnetization curves, a result attributed to the itinerant-electron character of the Fe magnetism. This AFM-FM transition is accompanied by a huge field-induced volume magnetostriction. The change in ΔV/V due to the AFM-FM transition is about 0.75%.

  17. Superspin glass state in a diluted nanoparticle system stabilized by interparticle interactions mediated by an antiferromagnetic matrix

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Margaris, G.; Vasilakaki, M.; Peddis, D.; Trohidou, K. N.; Laureti, S.; Binns, C.; Agostinelli, E.; Rinaldi, D.; Mathieu, R.; Fiorani, D.

    2017-01-01

    In nanoparticle systems consisting of two magnetic materials (bi-magnetic nanoparticles or nanoparticles embedded in a magnetic matrix), there is a constantly growing interest in the investigation of the interplay between interparticle interactions and the nanoparticle-matrix interface exchange coupling, because of its enormous impact on a number of technological applications. The understanding of the mechanisms of such interplay is a great challenge, as it would allow controlling equilibrium and non-equilibrium magnetization dynamics of exchange coupled nanoparticles systems and finely tuning their anisotropy. Here, we provide evidence that this interplay leads to a collective superspin glass (SSG) behavior in a system of diluted ferromagnetic (FM) nanoparticles embedded in an antiferromagnetic (AFM) matrix (5% volume fraction of Co particles in Mn film matrix). We have developed a novel mesoscopic model to study the influence of interparticle interaction on the exchange bias (EB) and the dynamical behavior of assemblies of FM nanoparticles embedded in a granular AFM matrix. Our mesoscopic model is based on reducing the amount of simulated spins to the minimum number necessary to describe the magnetic structure of the system and introducing the adequate exchange parameters between the different spins. The model replicates remarkably well the observed static and dynamical SSG properties as well as the EB behavior. In addition, the proposed model well explains the role of the significant Co/Mn alloying and of the granularity of the matrix in mediating interparticle interactions through exchange and dipole-dipole coupling between the uncompensated moments of its grains and the exchange interaction at the Co/Mn interface.

  18. Spectroscopic evidence for a type II Weyl semimetallic state in MoTe2

    SciTech Connect

    Huang, Lunan; McCormick, Timothy M.; Ochi, Masayuki; Zhao, Zhiying; Suzuki, Michi -To; Arita, Ryotaro; Wu, Yun; Mou, Daixiang; Cao, Huibo; Yan, Jiaqiang; Trivedi, Nandini; Kaminski, Adam

    2016-07-11

    In a type I Dirac or Weyl semimetal, the low-energy states are squeezed to a single point in momentum space when the chemical potential μ is tuned precisely to the Dirac/Weyl point. Recently, a type II Weyl semimetal was predicted to exist, where the Weyl states connect hole and electron bands, separated by an indirect gap. This leads to unusual energy states, where hole and electron pockets touch at the Weyl point. Here we present the discovery of a type II topological Weyl semimetal state in pure MoTe2, where two sets of Weyl points (W±2 , W±3) exist at the touching points of electron and hole pockets and are located at different binding energies above EF. Using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, modelling, density functional theory and calculations of Berry curvature, we identify the Weyl points and demonstrate that they are connected by different sets of Fermi arcs for each of the two surface terminations. We also find new surface ‘track states’ that form closed loops and are unique to type II Weyl semimetals. Lastly, this material provides an exciting, new platform to study the properties of Weyl fermions.

  19. Spectroscopic evidence for a type II Weyl semimetallic state in MoTe2

    SciTech Connect

    Huang, Lunan; McCormick, Timothy M.; Ochi, Masayuki; Zhao, Zhiying; Suzuki, Michi -To; Arita, Ryotaro; Wu, Yun; Mou, Daixiang; Cao, Huibo; Yan, Jiaqiang; Trivedi, Nandini; Kaminski, Adam

    2016-07-11

    In a type I Dirac or Weyl semimetal, the low-energy states are squeezed to a single point in momentum space when the chemical potential μ is tuned precisely to the Dirac/Weyl point. Recently, a type II Weyl semimetal was predicted to exist, where the Weyl states connect hole and electron bands, separated by an indirect gap. This leads to unusual energy states, where hole and electron pockets touch at the Weyl point. Here we present the discovery of a type II topological Weyl semimetal state in pure MoTe2, where two sets of Weyl points (W±2 , W±3) exist at the touching points of electron and hole pockets and are located at different binding energies above EF. Using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, modelling, density functional theory and calculations of Berry curvature, we identify the Weyl points and demonstrate that they are connected by different sets of Fermi arcs for each of the two surface terminations. We also find new surface ‘track states’ that form closed loops and are unique to type II Weyl semimetals. Lastly, this material provides an exciting, new platform to study the properties of Weyl fermions.

  20. Spectroscopic evidence for a type II Weyl semimetallic state in MoTe2

    DOE PAGES

    Huang, Lunan; McCormick, Timothy M.; Ochi, Masayuki; ...

    2016-07-11

    In a type I Dirac or Weyl semimetal, the low-energy states are squeezed to a single point in momentum space when the chemical potential μ is tuned precisely to the Dirac/Weyl point. Recently, a type II Weyl semimetal was predicted to exist, where the Weyl states connect hole and electron bands, separated by an indirect gap. This leads to unusual energy states, where hole and electron pockets touch at the Weyl point. Here we present the discovery of a type II topological Weyl semimetal state in pure MoTe2, where two sets of Weyl points (W±2 , W±3) exist at themore » touching points of electron and hole pockets and are located at different binding energies above EF. Using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, modelling, density functional theory and calculations of Berry curvature, we identify the Weyl points and demonstrate that they are connected by different sets of Fermi arcs for each of the two surface terminations. We also find new surface ‘track states’ that form closed loops and are unique to type II Weyl semimetals. Lastly, this material provides an exciting, new platform to study the properties of Weyl fermions.« less

  1. Spin liquid state in the 3D frustrated antiferromagnet PbCuTe2O6: NMR and muon spin relaxation studies

    DOE PAGES

    Khuntia, P.; Bert, F.; Mendels, P.; ...

    2016-03-11

    In this study, PbCuTe2O6 is a rare example of a spin liquid candidate featuring a three-dimensional magnetic lattice. Strong geometric frustration arises from the dominant antiferromagnetic interaction that generates a hyperkagome network of Cu2+ ions although additional interactions enhance the magnetic lattice connectivity. Through a combination of magnetization measurements and local probe investigations by NMR and muon spin relaxation down to 20 mK, we provide robust evidence for the absence of magnetic freezing in the ground state. The local spin susceptibility probed by the NMR shift hardly deviates from the macroscopic one down to 1 K pointing to a homogeneousmore » magnetic system with a low defect concentration. The saturation of the NMR shift and the sublinear power law temperature (T) evolution of the 1/T1 NMR relaxation rate at low T point to a nonsinglet ground state favoring a gapless fermionic description of the magnetic excitations. Below 1 K a pronounced slowing down of the spin dynamics is witnessed, which may signal a reconstruction of spinon Fermi surface. Nonetheless, the compound remains in a fluctuating spin liquid state down to the lowest temperature of the present investigation.« less

  2. Spin Liquid State in the 3D Frustrated Antiferromagnet PbCuTe_{2}O_{6}: NMR and Muon Spin Relaxation Studies.

    PubMed

    Khuntia, P; Bert, F; Mendels, P; Koteswararao, B; Mahajan, A V; Baenitz, M; Chou, F C; Baines, C; Amato, A; Furukawa, Y

    2016-03-11

    PbCuTe_{2}O_{6} is a rare example of a spin liquid candidate featuring a three-dimensional magnetic lattice. Strong geometric frustration arises from the dominant antiferromagnetic interaction that generates a hyperkagome network of Cu^{2+} ions although additional interactions enhance the magnetic lattice connectivity. Through a combination of magnetization measurements and local probe investigations by NMR and muon spin relaxation down to 20 mK, we provide robust evidence for the absence of magnetic freezing in the ground state. The local spin susceptibility probed by the NMR shift hardly deviates from the macroscopic one down to 1 K pointing to a homogeneous magnetic system with a low defect concentration. The saturation of the NMR shift and the sublinear power law temperature (T) evolution of the 1/T_{1} NMR relaxation rate at low T point to a nonsinglet ground state favoring a gapless fermionic description of the magnetic excitations. Below 1 K a pronounced slowing down of the spin dynamics is witnessed, which may signal a reconstruction of spinon Fermi surface. Nonetheless, the compound remains in a fluctuating spin liquid state down to the lowest temperature of the present investigation.

  3. Decoupling of the antiferromagnetic and insulating states in Tb-doped Sr2IrO4

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, J. C.; Aswartham, S.; Ye, Feng; Terzic, J.; Zheng, H.; Haskel, Daniel; Chikara, Shalinee; Choi, Yong; Schlottmann, P.; Custelcean, Radu; Yuan, S. J.; Cao, G.

    2015-12-08

    Sr2IrO4 is a spin-orbit coupled insulator with an antiferromagnetic (AFM) transition at TN = 240 K. We report results of a comprehensive study of single-crystal Sr2Ir1-xTbxO4 (0≤x≤0.03). This study found that mere 3% (x=0.03) tetravalent Tb4+(4f7) substituting for Ir4+ (rather than Sr2+) completely suppresses the long-range collinear AFM transition but retains the insulating state, leading to a phase diagram featuring a decoupling of magnetic interactions and charge gap. The insulating state at x = 0.03 is characterized by an unusually large specific heat at low temperatures and an incommensurate magnetic state having magnetic peaks at (0.95, 0, 0) and (0, 0.95, 0) in the neutron diffraction, suggesting a spiral or spin density wave order. It is apparent that Tb doping effectively changes the relative strength of the SOI and the tetragonal CEF and enhances the Hund’s rule coupling that competes with the SOI, and destabilizes the AFM state. However, the disappearance of the AFM accompanies no metallic state chiefly because an energy level mismatch for the Ir and Tb sites weakens charge carrier hopping and renders a persistent insulating state. Furthermore, this work highlights an unconventional correlation between the AFM and insulating states in which the magnetic transition plays no critical role in the formation of the charge gap in the iridate.

  4. Magnetization jumps and exchange bias induced by a partially disordered antiferromagnetic state in (FeTiO{sub 3}){sub 0.9}-(Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}){sub 0.1}

    SciTech Connect

    Song, P.; Li, G. K.; Ma, L. Zhen, C. M.; Hou, D. L.; Wang, W. H.; Liu, E. K.; Chen, J. L.; Wu, G. H.

    2014-06-07

    Magnetization jumps (MJs) and the exchange bias (EB) effect are simultaneously observed in the mixed-spin oxide (FeTiO{sub 3}){sub 0.9}-(Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}){sub 0.1} at 2.0 K. Dc and ac susceptibility measurements confirm a reentrant spin glass phase with a partially disordered antiferromagnetic (PDA) state below the irreversibility temperature (T{sub ir} = 60 K). Antiferromagnetic (AFM) Fe{sup 3+} clusters are nested in AFM Fe{sup 2+} lattices forming a triangular lattice, in which 2/3 of the magnetic moments order antiferromagnetically with each other leaving the remaining 1/3 “confused.” This geometric frustration in the triangular lattice leads to a PDA state that is the ground state of the AFM triangular configuration. The PDA state, in the presence of a critical trigger field, evolves into a ferromagnetic (FM) state, and induces the AFM spins of the Fe{sup 2+} ions to enter a FM state, resulting in the MJs. Meanwhile, the FM spins of Fe{sup 2+} can serve as the pinned phase, and the AFM spins of Fe{sup 3+} can serve as the pinning phase, resulting in the EB effect. Thus, we point out that the PDA state is very likely to be at the origin of the MJs and the EB effect.

  5. Antiferromagnetic Spin Ice Correlations at (1/2,1/2,1/2) in the Ground State of the Pyrochlore Magnet Tb2Ti2O7

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fritsch, K.; Ross, K. A.; Qiu, Y.; Copley, J. R. D.; Guidi, T.; Bewley, R. I.; Dabkowska, H. A.; Gaulin, B. D.

    2013-03-01

    The ground state of the candidate spin liquid pyrochlore magnet Tb2Ti2O7 (TTO) has been long debated. Despite theoretical expectations of magnetic order below 1K based on classical Ising-like Tb spins, muSR and neutron scattering experiments show no long range order down to 50mK. Two theoretical scenarios have been put forward to account for this: the quantum spin ice scenario and a non-magnetic singlet ground state, but no clear consensus has been reached. We present neutron scattering measurements on TTO at 70mK that reveal elastic scattering intensity at (1/2,1/2,1/2) positions in reciprocal space. The corresponding spin configuration can be modeled as a short-range antiferromagnetically ordered spin ice, in which spins obey a variant of the ice rules in each unit cell, and flip directions between adjacent cells. At low temperatures, this elastic scattering is separated from low-lying magnetic inelastic scattering by ~0.05meV. The elastic signal disappears under the application of small magnetic fields and upon elevating temperature. Pinch-point-like elastic diffuse scattering is observed, which together with the elastic spin ice correlations strongly supports the quantum spin ice picture for TTO.

  6. Gapless quantum spin liquid ground state in the two-dimensional spin-1/2 triangular antiferromagnet YbMgGaO4

    PubMed Central

    Li, Yuesheng; Liao, Haijun; Zhang, Zhen; Li, Shiyan; Jin, Feng; Ling, Langsheng; Zhang, Lei; Zou, Youming; Pi, Li; Yang, Zhaorong; Wang, Junfeng; Wu, Zhonghua; Zhang, Qingming

    2015-01-01

    Quantum spin liquid (QSL) is a novel state of matter which refuses the conventional spin freezing even at 0 K. Experimentally searching for the structurally perfect candidates is a big challenge in condensed matter physics. Here we report the successful synthesis of a new spin-1/2 triangular antiferromagnet YbMgGaO4 with symmetry. The compound with an ideal two-dimensional and spatial isotropic magnetic triangular-lattice has no site-mixing magnetic defects and no antisymmetric Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya (DM) interactions. No spin freezing down to 60 mK (despite θw ~ −4 K), the power-law temperature dependence of heat capacity and nonzero susceptibility at low temperatures suggest that YbMgGaO4 is a promising gapless (≤|θw|/100) QSL candidate. The residual spin entropy, which is accurately determined with a non-magnetic reference LuMgGaO4, approaches zero (<0.6%). This indicates that the possible QSL ground state (GS) of the frustrated spin system has been experimentally achieved at the lowest measurement temperatures. PMID:26552727

  7. Suppression of the antiferromagnetic state in La0.82Ba0.18CoO3 cobaltite at high pressure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rutkauskas, A. V.; Kozlenko, D. P.; Troyanchuk, I. O.; Kichanov, S. E.; Lukin, E. V.; Savenko, B. N.

    2015-06-01

    The crystal and magnetic structure of La0.82Ba0.18CoO3 complex cobalt oxide is studied by the neutron diffraction technique at high pressure (up to 4 GPa) within the temperature range of 10-290 K. At normal pressure, the crystal structure of La0.82Ba0.18CoO3 corresponds to the rhombohedral symmetry described by the space group R3 c. At temperatures below T N = 100 K, the onset of a noncollinear antiferromagnetic (AFM) phase is observed. This phase is characterized by the wave vector k = (0, -0.5, 0.5). The applied high pressure leads to the rapid suppression of the AFM phase, which completely vanishes at P > 2 GPa. In La0.82Ba0.18CoO3, the degree of instability of the AFM phase with respect to the high pressure is appreciably higher than that in the related compounds with the ferromagnetic ground state. The correlation between the instability of the AFM state in La0.82Ba0.18CoO3 at high pressure and the changes in the electron configuration of Co3+ ions is also analyzed.

  8. Unusual Magnetic State with Dual Magnetic Excitations in the Single Crystal of S = 1/2 Kagome Lattice Antiferromagnet CaCu3(OH)6Cl2 • 0.6H2O

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Noguchi, Naoya; Matsushita, Yoshitaka; Ishii, Yuto; Ihara, Yoshihiko; Oda, Migaku; Okabe, Hirotaka; Yamashita, Satoshi; Nakazawa, Yasuhiro; Takata, Atsushi; Kida, Takanori; Narumi, Yasuo; Hagiwara, Masayuki

    2017-03-01

    We have succeeded in preparing single crystals of CaCu3(OH)6Cl2 • 0.6H2O, a candidate for the S = 1/2 Kagome lattice antiferromagnet. Magnetic properties of the compound are dominated by the nearest neighbor antiferromagnetic interaction J1, and the next nearest neighbor ferromagnetic J2 and an antiferromagnetic Jd across a hexagon, which is different from related compounds Kapellasite and Haydeeite with ferromagnetic J1. Magnetic susceptibility exhibits a sudden increase below 13 K and a cusp anomaly at T* = 7.2 K in the ab-plane, whereas only a moderate enhancement is observed below T* along the c-axis. A tiny peak detected in heat capacity at T* indicates the occurrence of a magnetic phase transition. The low temperature magnetic heat capacity was reproduced by assuming a two-dimensional spin-wave component and a temperature-linear term. The spin-wave contribution suggests a magnon excitation in a short-range ordered region, whereas the relatively large T-linear term 5.9 mJ/(Cu-mol·K2) at H = 0 T of this insulating compound suggests the existence of an unusual quasi-particle excitation below T*. They apparently reveal the unconventionality of the ground state of this S = 1/2 Kagome lattice antiferromagnet.

  9. Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya Interaction and the Ground State in S = 3/2 Perfect Kagome Lattice Antiferromagnet KCr3(OH)6(SO4)2 (Cr-Jarosite) Studied by X-Band and High-Frequency ESR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Okubo, Susumu; Nakata, Ryohei; Ikeda, Shohei; Takahashi, Naoki; Sakurai, Takahiro; Zhang, Wei-Min; Ohta, Hitoshi; Shimokawa, Tokuro; Sakai, Tôru; Okuta, Koji; Hara, Shigeo; Sato, Hirohiko

    2017-02-01

    A single-crystal S = 3/2 perfect kagome lattice antiferromagnet, KCr3(OH)6(SO4)2 (Cr-jarosite), has been studied by X-band and high-frequency electron spin resonance (ESR). The g-values perpendicular to the kagome plane (c-axis) and in the plane were determined to be gc = 1.9704 ± 0.0002 and gξ = 1.9720 ± 0.0003, respectively, by high-frequency ESR observed at 265 K. Antiferromagnetic resonances (AFMRs) with an antiferromagnetic gap of 120 GHz were observed at 1.9 K, which is below TN = 4.5 K. The analysis of AFMR modes using the conventional molecular field theory gave dp = 0.27 K and dz = 0.07 K, where dp and dz are in-plane and out-of-plane components of d vector of the Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya (DM) interaction, respectively. On the basis of these results and the exchange interaction of J = 6.15 K estimated by Okuta et al., the ground state of Cr-jarosite was discussed in connection with the Monte Carlo simulation results with classical Heisenberg spins on the kagome lattice by Elhajal et al. Finally, the angular dependence of the linewidth and lineshape observed at 296 K by X-band ESR showed the typical behavior of a two-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnet, suggesting the good two-dimensionality of Cr-jarosite.

  10. Solid-state NMR on a type III antifreeze protein in the presence of ice.

    PubMed

    Siemer, Ansgar B; McDermott, Ann E

    2008-12-24

    Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) are found in fish, insects, plants, and a variety of other organisms where they serve to prevent the growth of ice at subzero temperatures. Type III AFPs cloned from polar fishes have been studied extensively with X-ray crystallography, liquid-state NMR, and site directed mutagenesis and are, therefore, among the best characterized AFPs. A flat surface on the protein has previously been proposed to be the ice-binding site of type III AFP. The detailed nature of the ice binding remains controversial since it is not clear whether only polar or also hydrophobic residues are involved in ice binding and there is no structural information available of a type III AFP bound to ice. Here we present a high-resolution solid-state NMR study of a type III AFP (HPLC-12 isoform) in the presence of ice. The chemical-shift differences we detected between the frozen and the nonfrozen state agree well with the proposed ice-binding site. Furthermore, we found that the (1)H T(1) of HPLC-12 in frozen solution is very long compared to typical (1)H of proteins in the solid state as for example of ubiquitin in frozen solution.

  11. Multiple-q states and the Skyrmion lattice of the triangular-lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet under magnetic fields.

    PubMed

    Okubo, Tsuyoshi; Chung, Sungki; Kawamura, Hikaru

    2012-01-06

    Ordering of the frustrated classical Heisenberg model on the triangular lattice with an incommensurate spiral structure is studied under magnetic fields by means of a mean-field analysis and a Monte Carlo simulation. Several types of multiple-q states including the Skyrmion-lattice state is observed in addition to the standard single-q state. In contrast to the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction driven system, the present model allows both Skyrmions and anti-Skyrmions, together with a new thermodynamic phase where Skyrmion and anti-Skyrmion lattices form a domain state.

  12. Disorder-Driven Quantum Phase Transition from Antiferromagnetic Metal to Insulating State in Multilayered High-Tc Cuprate (Cu,C)Ba2Ca4Cu5Oy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mukuda, Hidekazu; Abe, Machiko; Shimizu, Sunao; Kitaoka, Yoshio; Iyo, Akira; Kodama, Yasuharu; Kito, Hijiri; Tanaka, Yasutomo; Tokiwa, Kazuyasu; Watanabe, Tsuneo

    2006-12-01

    We report on superconducting (SC) characteristics for the oxygen-reduced Cu-based five-layered high-temperature superconductor (Cu,C)Ba2Ca4Cu5Oy [Cu-1245(OPT)], which includes pyramidal outer planes (OPs) and square inner planes (IPs). As a result of a reduction in the carrier density, the superconductivity for Cu-1245(OPT) occurs at the nearly optimally doped OPs with Tc= 98 K. The onset of static antiferromagnetic (AFM) order at IPs is evidenced from the observation of zero-field Cu NMR at low temperatures, although the SC transition at OPs emerges below Tc=98 K. A disorder, which is actually mapped onto the underdoped IPs, is demonstrated to cause a quantum phase transition from AFM metal to insulating state in an underdoped regime. This finding reinforces that an AFM metallic phase exists between the AFM insulating phase and the SC phase for the ideally flat CuO2 plane without disorder, as reported for the IPs in optimally doped Hg-1245 with the same doping level as in Cu-1245(OPT).

  13. C59o NMR shift anomalies and spin dynamics in the normal state of superconducting CeCoIn5 : Verification of two-dimensional antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sakai, Hironori; Baek, Seung-Ho; Brown, Stuart E.; Ronning, Filip; Bauer, Eric D.; Thompson, Joe D.

    2010-07-01

    We have measured the Knight shifts (K) and nuclear relaxation times (T1) for C59o in CeCoIn5 under external fields along a and c axes with the goal of establishing the anisotropy of antiferromagnetic (AFM) spin fluctuations (SF). In our approach, we revisit the problem of interpreting anomalies in the relationship between Knight shift Ka,c and static susceptibility χa,c : assuming a single component susceptibility implies a temperature-dependent hyperfine coupling Aa,c(T) . Once adopted, a known discrepancy between the behaviors of T1-1 for C59o and I115n(1) sites is eliminated to within experimental uncertainties and the variation with temperature is analyzed within the framework of two-dimensional AFM SF in proximity to a quantum-critical point. Moreover, the ratio [T1a/T1c] indicates easy-plane anisotropy for Tstate.

  14. Magnetic Excitations from the Exotic Ground State of the Quantum FCC Antiferromagnet Ba2YMoO6

    SciTech Connect

    Carlo, Jeremy P; Clancy, James P; Aharen, T.; Yamani, Zahra; Ruff, Jacob; Wagman, J.; Van Gastel, G. J.; Noad, H. M.; Granroth, Garrett E; Greedan, John E; Dabkowska, H. A.; Gaulin, Bruce D.

    2011-01-01

    The geometrically frustrated double perovskite Ba{sub 2}YMoO{sub 6} is characterized by quantum s = 1/2 spins at the Mo{sup 5+} sites of an undistorted fcc lattice. Previous low-temperature characterization revealed an absence of static long-range magnetic order and suggested a nonmagnetic spin-singlet ground state. We report unique time-of-flight and triple-axis neutron spectroscopy of Ba{sub 2}YMoO{sub 6} that shows a 28 meV spin excitation with a bandwidth of {approx}4 meV, which vanishes above {approx}125 K. We identify this as the singlet-triplet excitation that arises out of a singlet ground state, and further identify a weaker continuum of magnetic states within the gap, reminiscent of spin-polaron states arising due to weak disorder.

  15. An itinerant antiferromagnetic metal without magnetic constituents

    PubMed Central

    Svanidze, E.; Wang, Jiakui K.; Besara, T.; Liu, L.; Huang, Q.; Siegrist, T.; Frandsen, B.; Lynn, J. W.; Nevidomskyy, Andriy H.; Gamża, Monika B.; Aronson, M. C.; Uemura, Y. J.; Morosan, E.

    2015-01-01

    The origin of magnetism in metals has been traditionally discussed in two diametrically opposite limits: itinerant and local moments. Surprisingly, there are very few known examples of materials that are close to the itinerant limit, and their properties are not universally understood. In the case of the two such examples discovered several decades ago, the itinerant ferromagnets ZrZn2 and Sc3In, the understanding of their magnetic ground states draws on the existence of 3d electrons subject to strong spin fluctuations. Similarly, in Cr, an elemental itinerant antiferromagnet with a spin density wave ground state, its 3d electron character has been deemed crucial to it being magnetic. Here, we report evidence for an itinerant antiferromagnetic metal with no magnetic constituents: TiAu. Antiferromagnetic order occurs below a Néel temperature of 36 K, about an order of magnitude smaller than in Cr, rendering the spin fluctuations in TiAu more important at low temperatures. This itinerant antiferromagnet challenges the currently limited understanding of weak itinerant antiferromagnetism, while providing insights into the effects of spin fluctuations in itinerant–electron systems. PMID:26166042

  16. An itinerant antiferromagnetic metal without magnetic constituents.

    PubMed

    Svanidze, E; Wang, Jiakui K; Besara, T; Liu, L; Huang, Q; Siegrist, T; Frandsen, B; Lynn, J W; Nevidomskyy, Andriy H; Gamża, Monika B; Aronson, M C; Uemura, Y J; Morosan, E

    2015-07-13

    The origin of magnetism in metals has been traditionally discussed in two diametrically opposite limits: itinerant and local moments. Surprisingly, there are very few known examples of materials that are close to the itinerant limit, and their properties are not universally understood. In the case of the two such examples discovered several decades ago, the itinerant ferromagnets ZrZn2 and Sc3In, the understanding of their magnetic ground states draws on the existence of 3d electrons subject to strong spin fluctuations. Similarly, in Cr, an elemental itinerant antiferromagnet with a spin density wave ground state, its 3d electron character has been deemed crucial to it being magnetic. Here, we report evidence for an itinerant antiferromagnetic metal with no magnetic constituents: TiAu. Antiferromagnetic order occurs below a Néel temperature of 36 K, about an order of magnitude smaller than in Cr, rendering the spin fluctuations in TiAu more important at low temperatures. This itinerant antiferromagnet challenges the currently limited understanding of weak itinerant antiferromagnetism, while providing insights into the effects of spin fluctuations in itinerant-electron systems.

  17. An itinerant antiferromagnetic metal without magnetic constituents

    SciTech Connect

    Svanidze, E.; Wang, Jiakui K.; Besara, T.; Liu, L.; Huang, Q.; Siegrist, T.; Frandsen, B.; Lynn, J. W.; Nevidomskyy, Andriy H.; Gamża, Monika B.; Aronson, M. C.; Uemura, Y. J.; Morosan, E.

    2015-07-13

    The origin of magnetism in metals has been traditionally discussed in two diametrically opposite limits: itinerant and local moments. Surprisingly, there are very few known examples of materials that are close to the itinerant limit, and their properties are not universally understood. In the case of the two such examples discovered several decades ago, the itinerant ferromagnets ZrZn2 and Sc3In, the understanding of their magnetic ground states draws on the existence of 3d electrons subject to strong spin fluctuations. Similarly, in Cr, an elemental itinerant antiferromagnet with a spin density wave ground state, its 3d electron character has been deemed crucial to it being magnetic. Here, we report evidence for an itinerant antiferromagnetic metal with no magnetic constituents: TiAu. Antiferromagnetic order occurs below a Néel temperature of 36 K, about an order of magnitude smaller than in Cr, rendering the spin fluctuations in TiAu more important at low temperatures. In conclusion, this itinerant antiferromagnet challenges the currently limited understanding of weak itinerant antiferromagnetism, while providing insights into the effects of spin fluctuations in itinerant–electron systems.

  18. An itinerant antiferromagnetic metal without magnetic constituents

    DOE PAGES

    Svanidze, E.; Wang, Jiakui K.; Besara, T.; ...

    2015-07-13

    The origin of magnetism in metals has been traditionally discussed in two diametrically opposite limits: itinerant and local moments. Surprisingly, there are very few known examples of materials that are close to the itinerant limit, and their properties are not universally understood. In the case of the two such examples discovered several decades ago, the itinerant ferromagnets ZrZn2 and Sc3In, the understanding of their magnetic ground states draws on the existence of 3d electrons subject to strong spin fluctuations. Similarly, in Cr, an elemental itinerant antiferromagnet with a spin density wave ground state, its 3d electron character has been deemedmore » crucial to it being magnetic. Here, we report evidence for an itinerant antiferromagnetic metal with no magnetic constituents: TiAu. Antiferromagnetic order occurs below a Néel temperature of 36 K, about an order of magnitude smaller than in Cr, rendering the spin fluctuations in TiAu more important at low temperatures. In conclusion, this itinerant antiferromagnet challenges the currently limited understanding of weak itinerant antiferromagnetism, while providing insights into the effects of spin fluctuations in itinerant–electron systems.« less

  19. STUDIES ON ANTIFERROMAGNETISM.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    The report describes studies on the antiferromagnetism of salts of metals of the first transition group. Low temperature heat capacities, x-ray and neutron diffraction, magnetic susceptibilities, visible, ultraviolet, and infrared spectra, and electronic and nuclear paramagnetic resonance were measured. The report lists the scientific publications which were issued as technical reports. (Author)

  20. Two holes in a two-dimensional quantum antiferromagnet: A variational study based on entangled-plaquette states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mezzacapo, Fabio; Angelone, Adriano; Pupillo, Guido

    2016-10-01

    We show that the entangled-plaquette variational Ansatz can be adapted to study the two-dimensional t-J model in the presence of two mobile holes. Specifically, we focus on a square lattice comprising up to N =256 sites in the parameter range 0.4 ≤J /t ≤2.0 . Ground state energies are obtained via the optimization of a wave function in which the weight of a given configuration is expressed in terms of variational coefficients associated with square and linear entangled plaquettes. Our estimates are in excellent agreement with exact results available for the N =16 lattice. By extending our study to considerably larger systems we find, based on the analysis of the long-distance tail of the probability of finding two holes at spatial separation r , and on our computed two-hole binding energies, the existence of a two-hole bound state for all the values of J /t explored here. It is estimated that d -wave binding of the two holes does not occur for J /t

  1. Thermodynamic properties of antiferromagnetic ordered states of π -d interacting systems of κ -(BETS) 2Fe X4(X =Br ,Cl )

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fukuoka, Shuhei; Yamashita, Satoshi; Nakazawa, Yasuhiro; Yamamoto, Takashi; Fujiwara, Hideki; Shirahata, Takashi; Takahashi, Kazuko

    2016-06-01

    The results are presented for systematic heat capacity measurements of π-d interacting systems of κ -(BETS) 2Fe Br4 and κ -(BETS) 2FeC l4 [BETS = bis(ethylenedithio)tetraselenafulvalene] performed under in-plane magnetic fields. We observed sharp thermal anomalies at 2.47 K for κ -(BETS) 2FeB r4 and at 0.47 K for κ -(BETS) 2FeC l4 at 0 T that are associated with antiferromagnetic transitions of the 3 d electrons in the anion layers. From analyses of the magnetic heat capacity data, we indicate that the two compounds show unconventional thermodynamic behaviors inherent in the π-d interacting layered system. In the case of κ -(BETS) 2FeB r4 , a small hump structure was observed in the magnetic heat capacity below the transition temperature when a magnetic field was applied parallel to the a axis. In the case of κ -(BETS) 2FeC l4 , a similar hump structure was observed at 0 T that remained in the data with magnetic fields applied parallel to the a axis. We demonstrate that the temperature dependencies of the magnetic heat capacities scale well by normalizing the temperatures with dominant one-dimensional direct interactions (Jdd/kB) of each compound. The field dependencies of the transition temperatures and the hump structures are elucidated in one simple magnetic field vs temperature (H -T ) phase diagram. These results indicate that the thermodynamic features of both κ-type BETS salts are essentially equivalent, and the observed hump structures are derived from the one-dimensional Jdd interaction characters, which are still influential for magnetic features even in the long-range magnetic ordered states.

  2. High-throughput screening for antiferromagnetic Heusler compounds using density functional theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Balluff, Jan; Diekmann, Kevin; Reiss, Günter; Meinert, Markus

    2017-08-01

    Commonly used antiferromagnets contain expensive precious metals, which limits their applicability. Novel materials that are made of abundant elements are thus required for a large scale application, e.g., in spintronic devices. We propose a combinatorial, high-throughput approach based on density functional theory calculations to search for such new antiferromagnets. The power of the method is demonstrated by screening the ternary Heusler compounds for antiferromagnetic phases. We utilize the AFLOWLib, a computational materials database that contains over one million ternary phases. Among these we identify 291 potentially stable magnetic Heusler compounds. By explicitly checking for antiferromagnetic configurations we identify 70 antiferromagnetic Heusler compounds. Comparison with available experimental data shows that the method has excellent selectivity: all known antiferromagnetic Heusler compounds are correctly identified and no material is erroneously assigned an antiferromagnetic ground state. By calculating the Néel temperatures we predict 21 antiferromagnetic Heusler compounds with a Néel temperature above room temperature.

  3. Drastic changes in electronic properties of Kondo semiconductor CeRu2Al10 induced by Rh doping: Anisotropic transport properties in the antiferromagnetic ordered state

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tanida, H.; Nohara, H.; Nakagawa, F.; Yoshida, K.; Sera, M.; Nishioka, T.

    2016-10-01

    Electrical resistivity (ρ ), thermopower, and specific heat measurements have been performed on the novel Kondo semiconductor Ce (Ru1-xRhx) 2Al10 (x =0 , 0.02, 0.03, and 0.05), which has been attracting a great deal of interest due to an unusual antiferromagnetic (AFM) order below T0, in order to clarify the Rh doping effect on the anisotropy of the electronic properties in the ordered state. In CeRu2Al10 , ρ shows an anisotropic increase below T0 independently of the electric current direction. We propose the existence of two different mechanisms to explain the anisotropic increase of ρ . One is an isotropic charge gap which enhances ρ below T0 isotropically, although its origin is not known at present. The other is an anisotropic suppression of ρ which originates from the anisotropic c-f hybridization and is largest along the orthorhombic a axis. By the Rh doping, the anisotropic temperature dependence of ρ below T0 is drastically changed. For I ∥b , the increase is almost completely suppressed and a metallic-like behavior is observed, whereas it is small and isotropic for I ∥a and c . From these results, we propose that as a result of the destruction of the spin-gap excitation by the Rh doping, a metallic-like electronic state is formed along the b axis and the small isotropic charge gap is opened in the a c plane. By taking into account the present results and the still high T0 even in x =0.05 , we conclude that the AFM order in the Rh-doped CeRu2Al10 should be viewed as unusual as the AFM order in CeRu2Al10 although the localized character of the Ce-4 f electron is apparently enhanced by the Rh doping. We have also examined the evolution of the AFM ordered state from x =0 to x =0.05 , where the AFM ordered moment (mAF) is aligned along the c axis in x =0 and a axis in x =0.05 . From the results of those experiments in magnetic field, we have revealed that the spin reorientation from mAF∥c to mAF∥a takes place quite abruptly just at xc˜0

  4. Holes in Heisenberg antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Yang

    1990-05-01

    In this Brief Report we show that a recent model proposed by Shankar [Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 203 (1989)], describing the motion of holes in quantum antiferromagnets is equivalent to the Schwinger model [Phys. Rev. 128, 2425 (1962)] in 1+1 dimensions. Some exact results are deduced. In addition to the superconducting long-range order found by Shankar, it is shown that there is a 2pF hole density wave existing with the superconducting pairing instability.

  5. Kapitza problem for the magnetic moments of synthetic antiferromagnetic systems

    SciTech Connect

    Dzhezherya, Yu. I.; Demishev, K. O.; Korenivskii, V. N.

    2012-08-15

    The dynamics of magnetization in synthetic antiferromagnetic systems with the magnetic dipole coupling in a rapidly oscillating field has been examined. It has been revealed that the system can behave similar to the Kapitza pendulum. It has been shown that an alternating magnetic field can be efficiently used to control the magnetic state of a cell of a synthetic antiferromagnet. Analytical relations have been obtained between the parameters of such an antiferromagnet and an external magnetic field at which certain quasistationary states are implemented.

  6. A new phase diagram for layered antiferromagnetic films.

    PubMed

    Hellwig, Olav; Kirk, Taryl L; Kortright, Jeffrey B; Berger, Andreas; Fullerton, Eric E

    2003-02-01

    Magnetic multilayer films provide convenient model systems for studying the physics of antiferromagnetic films and surfaces. Here we report on the magnetic reversal and domain structure in antiferromagnetically coupled Co/Pt multilayers that are isomorphic to layered antiferromagnetic films with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. We observe two distinct remanent states and reversal modes of the system. In mode 1 the magnetization in each layer reverses independently, producing an antiferromagnetic remanent state that shows full lateral correlation and vertical anticorrelation across the interlayers. In mode 2 the reversal in adjacent layers is locally synchronized with a remanent state that is vertically correlated but laterally anticorrelated in ferromagnetic stripe domains. Theoretical energy calculations of the two ground states identify a new phase boundary that is in good agreement with our experimental results.

  7. Spin reorientation via antiferromagnetic coupling

    SciTech Connect

    Ranjbar, M.; Sbiaa, R.; Dumas, R. K.; Åkerman, J.; Piramanayagam, S. N.

    2014-05-07

    Spin reorientation in antiferromagnetically coupled (AFC) Co/Pd multilayers, wherein the thickness of the constituent Co layers was varied, was studied. AFC-Co/Pd multilayers were observed to have perpendicular magnetic anisotropy even for a Co sublayer thickness of 1 nm, much larger than what is usually observed in systems without antiferromagnetic coupling. When similar multilayer structures were prepared without antiferromagnetic coupling, this effect was not observed. The results indicate that the additional anisotropy energy contribution arising from the antiferromagnetic coupling, which is estimated to be around 6 × 10{sup 6} ergs/cm{sup 3}, induces the spin-reorientation.

  8. Femtosecond optomagnetism in dielectric antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bossini, D.; Rasing, Th

    2017-02-01

    Optical femtosecond manipulation of magnetic order is attractive for the development of new concepts for ultrafast magnetic recording. Theoretical and experimental investigations in this research area aim at establishing a physical understanding of magnetic media in light-induced non-equilibrium states. Such a quest requires one to adjust the theory of magnetism, since the thermodynamical concepts of elementary excitations and spin alignment determined by the exchange interaction are not applicable on the femtosecond time-scale after the photo-excitation. Here we report some key milestones concerning the femtosecond optical control of spins in dielectric antiferromagnets, whose spin dynamics is by nature faster than that of ferromagnets and can be triggered even without any laser heating. The recent progress of the opto-magnetic effect in the sub-wavelength regime makes this exciting research area even more promising, in terms of both fundamental breakthroughs and technological perspectives.

  9. Quantum annealing with antiferromagnetic fluctuations.

    PubMed

    Seki, Yuya; Nishimori, Hidetoshi

    2012-05-01

    We introduce antiferromagnetic quantum fluctuations into quantum annealing in addition to the conventional transverse-field term. We apply this method to the infinite-range ferromagnetic p-spin model, for which the conventional quantum annealing has been shown to have difficulties in finding the ground state efficiently due to a first-order transition. We study the phase diagram of this system both analytically and numerically. Using the static approximation, we find that there exists a quantum path to reach the final ground state from the trivial initial state that avoids first-order transitions for intermediate values of p. We also study numerically the energy gap between the ground state and the first excited state and find evidence for intermediate values of p for which the time complexity scales polynomially with the system size at a second-order transition point along the quantum path that avoids first-order transitions. These results suggest that quantum annealing would be able to solve this problem with intermediate values of p efficiently, in contrast to the case with only simple transverse-field fluctuations.

  10. Antiferromagnetic Spin Seebeck Effect.

    PubMed

    Wu, Stephen M; Zhang, Wei; Kc, Amit; Borisov, Pavel; Pearson, John E; Jiang, J Samuel; Lederman, David; Hoffmann, Axel; Bhattacharya, Anand

    2016-03-04

    We report on the observation of the spin Seebeck effect in antiferromagnetic MnF_{2}. A device scale on-chip heater is deposited on a bilayer of MnF_{2} (110) (30  nm)/Pt (4 nm) grown by molecular beam epitaxy on a MgF_{2} (110) substrate. Using Pt as a spin detector layer, it is possible to measure the thermally generated spin current from MnF_{2} through the inverse spin Hall effect. The low temperature (2-80 K) and high magnetic field (up to 140 kOe) regime is explored. A clear spin-flop transition corresponding to the sudden rotation of antiferromagnetic spins out of the easy axis is observed in the spin Seebeck signal when large magnetic fields (>9  T) are applied parallel to the easy axis of the MnF_{2} thin film. When the magnetic field is applied perpendicular to the easy axis, the spin-flop transition is absent, as expected.

  11. Antiferromagnetic Spin Seebeck Effect

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Stephen M.; Zhang, Wei; KC, Amit; Borisov, Pavel; Pearson, John E.; Jiang, J. Samuel; Lederman, David; Hoffmann, Axel; Bhattacharya, Anand

    2016-03-01

    We report on the observation of the spin Seebeck effect in antiferromagnetic MnF2 . A device scale on-chip heater is deposited on a bilayer of MnF2 (110) (30 nm )/Pt (4 nm) grown by molecular beam epitaxy on a MgF2 (110) substrate. Using Pt as a spin detector layer, it is possible to measure the thermally generated spin current from MnF2 through the inverse spin Hall effect. The low temperature (2-80 K) and high magnetic field (up to 140 kOe) regime is explored. A clear spin-flop transition corresponding to the sudden rotation of antiferromagnetic spins out of the easy axis is observed in the spin Seebeck signal when large magnetic fields (>9 T ) are applied parallel to the easy axis of the MnF2 thin film. When the magnetic field is applied perpendicular to the easy axis, the spin-flop transition is absent, as expected.

  12. Antiferromagnetic spin Seebeck effect.

    SciTech Connect

    Wu, Stephen M.; Zhang, Wei; KC, Amit; Borisov, Pavel; Pearson, John E.; Jiang, J. Samuel; Lederman, David; Hoffmann, Axel; Bhattacharya, Anand

    2016-03-03

    We report on the observation of the spin Seebeck effect in antiferromagnetic MnF2. A device scale on-chip heater is deposited on a bilayer of MnF2 (110) (30nm)/Pt (4 nm) grown by molecular beam epitaxy on a MgF2(110) substrate. Using Pt as a spin detector layer, it is possible to measure the thermally generated spin current from MnF2 through the inverse spin Hall effect. The low temperature (2–80 K) and high magnetic field (up to 140 kOe) regime is explored. A clear spin-flop transition corresponding to the sudden rotation of antiferromagnetic spins out of the easy axis is observed in the spin Seebeck signal when large magnetic fields (>9T) are applied parallel to the easy axis of the MnF2 thin film. When the magnetic field is applied perpendicular to the easy axis, the spin-flop transition is absent, as expected.

  13. Evolution of the Electronic State through the Reduction Annealing in Electron-Doped Pr1.3-xLa0.7CexCuO4+δ (x=0.10) Single Crystals: Antiferromagnetism, Kondo Effect, and Superconductivity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adachi, Tadashi; Mori, Yosuke; Takahashi, Akira; Kato, Masatsune; Nishizaki, Terukazu; Sasaki, Takahiko; Kobayashi, Norio; Koike, Yoji

    2013-06-01

    The evolution of the electronic state through the reduction annealing has been investigated in electron-doped Pr1.3-xLa0.7CexCuO4+δ (x=0.10) single crystals with the so-called T' structure. From the ab-plane and c-axis electrical resistivity measurements in magnetic fields, it has been found that, through the reduction annealing, the strongly localized state of carriers accompanied by the antiferromagnetic (AF) pseudogap in the as-grown crystal changes to a metallic state bringing about the Kondo effect without AF pseudogap and to a superconducting state. These results are able to be understood in terms of a model based on the strong electron correlation. The complete removal of excess oxygen in the T'-cuprates is expected to result in the appearance of superconductivity in a wide range of the Ce concentration including the parent compound of x=0.

  14. Control of antiferromagnetic domain distribution via polarization-dependent optical annealing

    PubMed Central

    Higuchi, Takuya; Kuwata-Gonokami, Makoto

    2016-01-01

    The absence of net magnetization inside antiferromagnetic domains has made the control of their spatial distribution quite challenging. Here we experimentally demonstrate an optical method for controlling antiferromagnetic domain distributions in MnF2. Reduced crystalline symmetry can couple an order parameter with non-conjugate external stimuli. In the case of MnF2, time-reversal symmetry is macroscopically broken reflecting the different orientations of the two magnetic sublattices. Thus, it exhibits different absorption coefficients between two orthogonal linear polarizations below its antiferromagnetic transition temperature under an external magnetic field. Illumination with linearly polarized laser light under this condition selectively destructs the formation of a particular antiferromagnetic order via heating. As a result, the other antiferromagnetic order is favoured inside the laser spot, achieving spatially localized selection of an antiferromagnetic order. Applications to control of interface states at antiferromagnetic domain boundaries, exchange bias and control of spin currents are expected. PMID:26911337

  15. Control of antiferromagnetic domain distribution via polarization-dependent optical annealing.

    PubMed

    Higuchi, Takuya; Kuwata-Gonokami, Makoto

    2016-02-25

    The absence of net magnetization inside antiferromagnetic domains has made the control of their spatial distribution quite challenging. Here we experimentally demonstrate an optical method for controlling antiferromagnetic domain distributions in MnF2. Reduced crystalline symmetry can couple an order parameter with non-conjugate external stimuli. In the case of MnF2, time-reversal symmetry is macroscopically broken reflecting the different orientations of the two magnetic sublattices. Thus, it exhibits different absorption coefficients between two orthogonal linear polarizations below its antiferromagnetic transition temperature under an external magnetic field. Illumination with linearly polarized laser light under this condition selectively destructs the formation of a particular antiferromagnetic order via heating. As a result, the other antiferromagnetic order is favoured inside the laser spot, achieving spatially localized selection of an antiferromagnetic order. Applications to control of interface states at antiferromagnetic domain boundaries, exchange bias and control of spin currents are expected.

  16. Control of antiferromagnetic domain distribution via polarization-dependent optical annealing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Higuchi, Takuya; Kuwata-Gonokami, Makoto

    2016-02-01

    The absence of net magnetization inside antiferromagnetic domains has made the control of their spatial distribution quite challenging. Here we experimentally demonstrate an optical method for controlling antiferromagnetic domain distributions in MnF2. Reduced crystalline symmetry can couple an order parameter with non-conjugate external stimuli. In the case of MnF2, time-reversal symmetry is macroscopically broken reflecting the different orientations of the two magnetic sublattices. Thus, it exhibits different absorption coefficients between two orthogonal linear polarizations below its antiferromagnetic transition temperature under an external magnetic field. Illumination with linearly polarized laser light under this condition selectively destructs the formation of a particular antiferromagnetic order via heating. As a result, the other antiferromagnetic order is favoured inside the laser spot, achieving spatially localized selection of an antiferromagnetic order. Applications to control of interface states at antiferromagnetic domain boundaries, exchange bias and control of spin currents are expected.

  17. Weyl magnons in breathing pyrochlore antiferromagnets

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Fei-Ye; Li, Yao-Dong; Kim, Yong Baek; Balents, Leon; Yu, Yue; Chen, Gang

    2016-09-21

    Frustrated quantum magnets not only provide exotic ground states and unusual magnetic structures, but also support unconventional excitations in many cases. Using a physically relevant spin model for a breathing pyrochlore lattice, we discuss the presence of topological linear band crossings of magnons in antiferromagnets. These are the analogues of Weyl fermions in electronic systems, which we dub Weyl magnons. The bulk Weyl magnon implies the presence of chiral magnon surface states forming arcs at finite energy. We argue that such antiferromagnets present a unique example, in which Weyl points can be manipulated in situ in the laboratory by applied fields. We discuss their appearance specifically in the breathing pyrochlore lattice, and give some general discussion of conditions to find Weyl magnons, and how they may be probed experimentally. Our work may inspire a re-examination of the magnetic excitations in many magnetically ordered systems.

  18. Weyl magnons in breathing pyrochlore antiferromagnets

    DOE PAGES

    Li, Fei-Ye; Li, Yao-Dong; Kim, Yong Baek; ...

    2016-09-21

    Frustrated quantum magnets not only provide exotic ground states and unusual magnetic structures, but also support unconventional excitations in many cases. Using a physically relevant spin model for a breathing pyrochlore lattice, we discuss the presence of topological linear band crossings of magnons in antiferromagnets. These are the analogues of Weyl fermions in electronic systems, which we dub Weyl magnons. The bulk Weyl magnon implies the presence of chiral magnon surface states forming arcs at finite energy. We argue that such antiferromagnets present a unique example, in which Weyl points can be manipulated in situ in the laboratory by appliedmore » fields. We discuss their appearance specifically in the breathing pyrochlore lattice, and give some general discussion of conditions to find Weyl magnons, and how they may be probed experimentally. Our work may inspire a re-examination of the magnetic excitations in many magnetically ordered systems.« less

  19. Weyl magnons in breathing pyrochlore antiferromagnets

    PubMed Central

    Li, Fei-Ye; Li, Yao-Dong; Kim, Yong Baek; Balents, Leon; Yu, Yue; Chen, Gang

    2016-01-01

    Frustrated quantum magnets not only provide exotic ground states and unusual magnetic structures, but also support unconventional excitations in many cases. Using a physically relevant spin model for a breathing pyrochlore lattice, we discuss the presence of topological linear band crossings of magnons in antiferromagnets. These are the analogues of Weyl fermions in electronic systems, which we dub Weyl magnons. The bulk Weyl magnon implies the presence of chiral magnon surface states forming arcs at finite energy. We argue that such antiferromagnets present a unique example, in which Weyl points can be manipulated in situ in the laboratory by applied fields. We discuss their appearance specifically in the breathing pyrochlore lattice, and give some general discussion of conditions to find Weyl magnons, and how they may be probed experimentally. Our work may inspire a re-examination of the magnetic excitations in many magnetically ordered systems. PMID:27650053

  20. Algebra Solutions of Antiferromagnet-Antiferromagnet-Ferromagnet Quantum Heisenberg Chains Related to Sp(6,R) Lie Algebra

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jin, Shuo; Xie, Bing-Hao

    2011-10-01

    Antiferromagnet-antiferromagnet-ferromagnet (AF-AF-F) quantum Heisenberg chains in linear spin-wave frame is shown explicitly to have an su(1,2) algebraic structure, and its algebra solutions related to the Sp(6,R) Lie algebra are derived by using an algebraic method. It is found that the energy spectrum of the system is determined by one-boson excitation energies built on a vector coherent state of Sp(6,R)⊃U(1,2).

  1. Piezospintronic effect in honeycomb antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ulloa, Camilo; Troncoso, Roberto E.; Bender, Scott A.; Duine, R. A.; Nunez, A. S.

    2017-09-01

    The emission of pure spin currents by mechanical deformations, the piezospintronic effect, in antiferromagnets is studied. We characterize the piezospintronic effect in an antiferromagnetic honeycomb monolayer in response to external strains. It is shown that the strain tensor components can be evaluated in terms of the spin Berry phase. In addition, we propose an experimental setup to detect the piezospin current generated in the piezospintronic material through the inverse spin Hall effect. Our results apply to a wide family of two-dimensional antiferromagnetic materials without inversion symmetry, such as the transition-metal chalcogenophosphate materials M P X3 (M =V , Mn; X =S , Se, Te) and NiPSe3.

  2. Antiferromagnetic inclusions in lunar glass

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Thorpe, A.N.; Senftle, F.E.; Briggs, Charles; Alexander, Corrine

    1974-01-01

    The magnetic susceptibility of 11 glass spherules from the Apollo 15, 16, and 17 fines and two specimens of a relatively large glass spherical shell were studied as a function of temperature from room temperature to liquid helium temperatures. All but one specimen showed the presence of antiferromagnetic inclusions. Closely spaced temperature measurements of the magnetic susceptibility below 77 K on five of the specimens showed antiferromagnetic temperature transitions (Ne??el transitions). With the exception of ilmenite in one specimen, these transitions did not correspond to any transitions in known antiferromagnetic compounds. ?? 1974.

  3. Dirac fermions in an antiferromagnetic semimetal

    SciTech Connect

    Tang, Peizhe; Zhou, Quan; Xu, Gang; Zhang, Shou-Cheng

    2016-08-08

    Analogues of the elementary particles have been extensively searched for in condensed-matter systems for both scientific interest and technological applications. Recently, massless Dirac fermions were found to emerge as low-energy excitations in materials now known as Dirac semimetals. All of the currently known Dirac semimetals are non-magnetic with both time-reversal symmetry and inversion symmetry. Here in this paper, we show that Dirac fermions can exist in one type of antiferromagnetic system, where both and are broken but their combination is respected. We propose orthorhombic antiferromagnet CuMnAs as a candidate, analyse the robustness of the Dirac points under symmetry protections and demonstrate its distinctive bulk dispersions, as well as the corresponding surface states, by ab initio calculations. Our results provide a possible platform to study the interplay of Dirac fermion physics and magnetism.

  4. Dirac fermions in an antiferromagnetic semimetal

    DOE PAGES

    Tang, Peizhe; Zhou, Quan; Xu, Gang; ...

    2016-08-08

    Analogues of the elementary particles have been extensively searched for in condensed-matter systems for both scientific interest and technological applications. Recently, massless Dirac fermions were found to emerge as low-energy excitations in materials now known as Dirac semimetals. All of the currently known Dirac semimetals are non-magnetic with both time-reversal symmetry and inversion symmetry. Here in this paper, we show that Dirac fermions can exist in one type of antiferromagnetic system, where both and are broken but their combination is respected. We propose orthorhombic antiferromagnet CuMnAs as a candidate, analyse the robustness of the Dirac points under symmetry protections andmore » demonstrate its distinctive bulk dispersions, as well as the corresponding surface states, by ab initio calculations. Our results provide a possible platform to study the interplay of Dirac fermion physics and magnetism.« less

  5. Dirac fermions in an antiferromagnetic semimetal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tang, Peizhe; Zhou, Quan; Xu, Gang; Zhang, Shou-Cheng

    2016-12-01

    Analogues of the elementary particles have been extensively searched for in condensed-matter systems for both scientific interest and technological applications. Recently, massless Dirac fermions were found to emerge as low-energy excitations in materials now known as Dirac semimetals. All of the currently known Dirac semimetals are non-magnetic with both time-reversal symmetry and inversion symmetry . Here we show that Dirac fermions can exist in one type of antiferromagnetic system, where both and are broken but their combination is respected. We propose orthorhombic antiferromagnet CuMnAs as a candidate, analyse the robustness of the Dirac points under symmetry protections and demonstrate its distinctive bulk dispersions, as well as the corresponding surface states, by ab initio calculations. Our results provide a possible platform to study the interplay of Dirac fermion physics and magnetism.

  6. Magnetoelectric Force Microscopy on Antiferromagnetic 180(∘) Domains in Cr₂O₃.

    PubMed

    Schoenherr, Peggy; Giraldo, L Marcela; Lilienblum, Martin; Trassin, Morgan; Meier, Dennis; Fiebig, Manfred

    2017-09-07

    Magnetoelectric force microscopy (MeFM) is characterized as methodical tool for the investigation of antiferromagnetic domain states, in particular of the 180 ∘ variety. As reference compound for this investigation we use Cr 2 O 3 . Access to the antiferromagnetic order is provided by the linear magnetoelectric effect. We resolve the opposite antiferromagnetic 180 ∘ domain states of Cr 2 O 3 and estimate the sensitivity of the MeFM approach, its inherent advantages in comparison to alternative techniques and its general feasibility for probing antiferromagnetic order.

  7. Electrical measurement of antiferromagnetic moments in exchange-coupled IrMn/NiFe stacks.

    PubMed

    Martí, X; Park, B G; Wunderlich, J; Reichlová, H; Kurosaki, Y; Yamada, M; Yamamoto, H; Nishide, A; Hayakawa, J; Takahashi, H; Jungwirth, T

    2012-01-06

    We employ antiferromagnetic tunneling anisotropic magnetoresistance to study the behavior of antiferromagnetically ordered moments in IrMn exchange coupled to NiFe. Experiments performed by common laboratory tools for magnetization and electrical transport measurements allow us to directly link the broadening of the NiFe hysteresis loop and its shift (exchange bias) to the rotation and pinning of antiferromagnetic moments in IrMn. At higher temperatures, the broadened loops show zero shift, which correlates with the observation of fully rotating antiferromagnetic moments inside the IrMn film. The onset of exchange bias at lower temperatures is linked to a partial rotation between distinct metastable states and pinning of the IrMn antiferromagnetic moments in these states. The observation complements common pictures of exchange bias and reveals an electrically measurable memory effect in an antiferromagnet.

  8. Geochemical, modal, and geochronologic data for 1.4 Ga A-type granitoid intrusions of the conterminous United States

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    du Bray, Edward A.; Holm-Denoma, Christopher S.; San Juan, Carma A.; Lund, Karen; Premo, Wayne R.; DeWitt, Ed

    2015-08-10

    In addition, Kisvarsanyi (1972) suggests that iron-copper deposits in the St. Francois Mountains of southeastern Missouri are petrogenetically associated with 1.4 Ga A-type granitoids that occur in that region. Similarly, Dall’Agnol and others (2012) summarize important global associations between A-type granitoid rocks and a variety of important ore deposit types, particularly tin, high-field-strength elements (Zr, Hf, Nb, Ta), rare-earth elements, and iron oxide-copper-gold deposits. Consequently, the need to better understand relations between A-type granitoid rocks, tectonic setting, and magma petrogenesis, as well as their genetic associations with important types of ore deposits, suggests that developing a definitive geochemical, modal, and geochronologic database for these rocks in the conterminous United States is of considerable value.

  9. Evolution of an Unconventional Superconducting State inside the Antiferromagnetic Phase of CeNiGe3 under Pressure: A 73Ge-Nuclear-Quadrupole-Resonance Study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harada, Atsushi; Mukuda, Hidekazu; Kitaoka, Yoshio; Thamizhavel, Arumugam; Okuda, Yusuke; Settai, Rikio; Ōnuki, Yoshichika; Itoh, Kouhei M.; Haller, Eugene E.; Harima, Hisatomo

    2008-10-01

    We report a 73Ge nuclear-quadrupole-resonance (NQR) study on novel evolution of unconventional superconductivity in antiferromagnetic (AFM) CeNiGe3. The measurements of the 73Ge-NQR spectrum and the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate (1/T1) have revealed that the unconventional superconductivity evolves inside a commensurate AFM phase around the pressure (P) where Néel temperature TN exhibits its maximum at 8.5 K. The superconducting transition temperature TSC has been found to be enhanced with increasing TN, before reaching the quantum critical point at which the AFM order collapses. Above TSC, the AFM structure transits from an incommensurate spin-density-wave order to a commensurate AFM order at T˜ 2 K, accompanied by a longitudinal spin-density fluctuation. With regard to heavy-fermion compounds, these novel phenomena have hitherto never been reported in the P-T phase diagram.

  10. Orbitally induced hierarchy of exchange interactions in the zigzag antiferromagnetic state of honeycomb silver delafossite Ag3Co2SbO6.

    PubMed

    Zvereva, E A; Stratan, M I; Ushakov, A V; Nalbandyan, V B; Shukaev, I L; Silhanek, A V; Abdel-Hafiez, M; Streltsov, S V; Vasiliev, A N

    2016-04-25

    We report the revised crystal structure, static and dynamic magnetic properties of quasi-two dimensional honeycomb-lattice silver delafossite Ag3Co2SbO6. The magnetic susceptibility and specific heat data are consistent with the onset of antiferromagnetic long range order at low temperatures with Néel temperature TN ∼ 21.2 K. In addition, the magnetization curves revealed a field-induced (spin-flop type) transition below TN in moderate magnetic fields. The GGA+U calculations show the importance of the orbital degrees of freedom, which maintain a hierarchy of exchange interaction in the system. The strongest antiferromagnetic exchange coupling was found in the shortest Co-Co pairs and is due to direct and superexchange interaction between the half-filled xz + yz orbitals pointing directly to each other. The other four out of six nearest neighbor exchanges within the cobalt hexagon are suppressed, since for these bonds the active half-filled orbitals turned out to be parallel and do not overlap. The electron spin resonance (ESR) spectra reveal a broad absorption line attributed to the Co(2+) ion in an octahedral coordination with an average effective g-factor g = 2.40 ± 0.05 at room temperature and show strong divergence of the ESR parameters below ∼150 K, which implies an extended region of short-range correlations. Based on the results of magnetic and thermodynamic studies in applied fields, we propose a magnetic phase diagram for the new honeycomb-lattice delafossite.

  11. Large magnetic cooling power involving frustrated antiferromagnetic spin-glass state in R2NiSi3(R =Gd ,Er )

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pakhira, Santanu; Mazumdar, Chandan; Ranganathan, R.; Giri, S.; Avdeev, Maxim

    2016-09-01

    The ternary intermetallic compounds Gd2NiSi3 and Er2NiSi3 are synthesized in chemically single phase, which are characterized using dc magnetization, ac magnetic susceptibility, heat capacity, and neutron diffraction studies. Neutron diffraction and heat capacity studies confirm that long-range magnetic ordering coexists with the frustrated glassy magnetic components for both compounds. The static and dynamical features of dc magnetization and frequency-dependent ac susceptibility data reveal that Gd2NiSi3 is a canonical spin-glass system, while Er2NiSi3 is a reentrant spin cluster-glass system. The spin freezing temperature merges with the long-range antiferromagnetic ordering temperature at 16.4 K for Gd2NiSi3 . Er2NiSi3 undergoes antiferromagnetic ordering at 5.4 K, which is slightly above the spin freezing temperature at 3 K. The detailed studies of nonequilibrium dynamical behavior, viz., the memory effect and relaxation behavior using different protocols, suggest that both compounds favor the hierarchical model over the droplet model. A large magnetocaloric effect is observed for both compounds. Maximum values of isothermal entropy change (-Δ SM ) and relative cooling power (RCP) are found to be 18.4 J/kg K and 525 J/kg for Gd2NiSi3 and 22.6 J/kg K and 540 J/kg for Er2NiSi3 , respectively, for a change in field from 0 to 70 kOe. The values of RCP are comparable to those of the promising refrigerant materials. A correlation between large RCP and magnetic frustration is discussed for developing new magnetic refrigerant materials.

  12. Effects of size, shape, and frequency on the antiferromagnetic resonance linewidth of MnF

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Obrien, K. C.

    1973-01-01

    The research concerning the properties and application of solid state materials at submillimeter frequencies is summarized. Work reported includes: far infrared Fourier spectroscopy; studies of the antiferromagnetic resonance line in MnF2 at millimeter wavelengths; numerical solution of the equations of motion of a general two-sublattice antiferromagnet; study of antiferromagnetic resonance line in NiO powder; and resonance investigations of several indium thisospinels at millimeter wavelengths.

  13. Spin excitations in the antiferromagnet NaNiO2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Brion, S.; Darie, C.; Holzapfel, M.; Talbayev, D.; Mihály, L.; Simon, F.; Jánossy, A.; Chouteau, G.

    2007-03-01

    In NaNiO2 , Ni3+ ions form a quasi-two-dimensional triangular lattice of S=1/2 spins. The magnetic order observed below 20K has been described as an A type antiferromagnet with ferromagnetic layers weakly coupled antiferromagnetically. We studied the magnetic excitations with the electron spin resonance for frequencies 1-20cm-1 , in magnetic fields up to 14T . The bulk of the results are interpreted in terms of a phenomenological model involving biaxial anisotropy for the spins: a strong easy-plane term, and a weaker anisotropy within the plane.

  14. Spin Excitations in the Antiferromagnet NaNiO2

    SciTech Connect

    de Brion,S.; Darie, C.; Holzapfel, M.; Talbayev, D.; Mihaly, L.; Simon, F.; Janossy, A.; Chouteau, G.

    2007-01-01

    In NaNiO2 , Ni3+ ions form a quasi-two-dimensional triangular lattice of S=1/2 spins. The magnetic order observed below 20K has been described as an A type antiferromagnet with ferromagnetic layers weakly coupled antiferromagnetically. We studied the magnetic excitations with the electron spin resonance for frequencies 1 20cm-1 , in magnetic fields up to 14T . The bulk of the results are interpreted in terms of a phenomenological model involving biaxial anisotropy for the spins: a strong easy-plane term, and a weaker anisotropy within the plane

  15. Spin Seebeck Effect Signals from Antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prakash, Arati; Brangham, Jack; Yang, Fengyuan; Heremans, Joseph

    The Longitudinal Spin Seebeck Effect (LSSE), in which a heat current stimulates spin propagation across an interface between a magnetic material and a normal metal, is well established and observed in ferromagnetic systems. Data have been presented indicating that antiferromagnetic systems could also give rise to LSSE signals. We report here on LSSE signal measured on the Pt/NiO/YIG structure, where NiO is an antiferromagnet. This system is reported to exhibit antiferromagnonic transport. We explore the dependence of the signal on the thickness of the NiO and YIG layers. We also report its temperature dependence, which was not explored before. The results are interpreted in terms of the temperature dependence of the magnon density of states. It appears that magnon modes with energies below about 40 K are most involved in the process, as was the case to the LSSE on YIG itself. Preliminary results using other antiferromagnets and other inverse spin-Hall layers look promising and will also be reported Work supported by ARO- MURI W911NF-14-1-0016.

  16. Supersymmetry protected topological phases of isostatic lattices and kagome antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lawler, Michael J.

    2016-10-01

    I generalize the theory of phonon topological band structures of isostatic lattices to frustrated antiferromagnets. I achieve this with a discovery of a many-body supersymmetry (SUSY) in the phonon problem of balls and springs and its connection to local constraints satisfied by ground states. The Witten index of the SUSY model demands the Maxwell-Calladine index of mechanical structures. "Spontaneous supersymmetry breaking" is identified as the need to gap all modes in the bulk to create the topological isostatic lattice state. Since ground states of magnetic systems also satisfy local constraint conditions (such as the vanishing of the total spin on a triangle), I identify a similar SUSY structure for many common models of antiferromagnets including the square, triangluar, kagome, pyrochlore nearest-neighbor antiferromagnets, and the J2=J1/2 square-lattice antiferromagnet. Remarkably, the kagome family of antiferromagnets is the analog of topological isostatic lattices among this collection of models. Thus, a solid-state realization of the theory of phonon topological band structure may be found in frustrated magnetic materials.

  17. Supercooling of the normal state of a type I superconductor in the presence of surface superconductivity

    SciTech Connect

    Berezin, V. A. Khlyustikov, I. N.

    2009-05-15

    Supercooling of the normal state of lead single crystals is studied experimentally in the range of surface superconductivity. The supercooling field is plotted on the phase diagram of the superconductor. The experimental data are compared with the results of theoretical calculations.

  18. Gapless spin liquid ground state in the S = 1/2 vanadium oxyfluoride kagome antiferromagnet [NH4]2[C7H14N][V7O6F18].

    PubMed

    Clark, L; Orain, J C; Bert, F; De Vries, M A; Aidoudi, F H; Morris, R E; Lightfoot, P; Lord, J S; Telling, M T F; Bonville, P; Attfield, J P; Mendels, P; Harrison, A

    2013-05-17

    The vanadium oxyfluoride [NH(4)](2)[C(7)H(14)N][V(7)O(6)F(18)] (DQVOF) is a geometrically frustrated magnetic bilayer material. The structure consists of S = 1/2 kagome planes of V(4+) d(1) ions with S = 1 V(3+) d(2) ions located between the kagome layers. Muon spin relaxation measurements demonstrate the absence of spin freezing down to 40 mK despite an energy scale of 60 K for antiferromagnetic exchange interactions. From magnetization and heat capacity measurements we conclude that the S = 1 spins of the interplane V(3+) ions are weakly coupled to the kagome layers, such that DQVOF can be viewed as an experimental model for S = 1/2 kagome physics, and that it displays a gapless spin liquid ground state.

  19. Magnetic field induced switching of the antiferromagnetic order parameter in thin films of magnetoelectric chromia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fallarino, Lorenzo; Berger, Andreas; Binek, Christian

    2015-02-01

    A Landau-theoretical approach is utilized to model the magnetic field induced reversal of the antiferromagnetic order parameter in thin films of magnetoelectric antiferromagnets. A key ingredient of this peculiar switching phenomenon is the presence of a robust spin polarized state at the surface of the antiferromagnetic films. Surface or boundary magnetization is symmetry allowed in magnetoelectric antiferromagnets and experimentally established for chromia thin films. It couples rigidly to the antiferromagnetic order parameter and its Zeeman energy creates a pathway to switch the antiferromagnet via magnetic field application. In the framework of a minimalist Landau free energy expansion, the temperature dependence of the switching field and the field dependence of the transition width are derived. Least-squares fits to magnetometry data of (0001 ) textured chromia thin films strongly support this model of the magnetic reversal mechanism.

  20. Cyclic period-3 window in antiferromagnetic potts and Ising models on recursive lattices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ananikian, N. S.; Ananikyan, L. N.; Chakhmakhchyan, L. A.

    2011-09-01

    The magnetic properties of the antiferromagnetic Potts model with two-site interaction and the antiferromagnetic Ising model with three-site interaction on recursive lattices have been studied. A cyclic period-3 window has been revealed by the recurrence relation method in the antiferromagnetic Q-state Potts model on the Bethe lattice (at Q < 2) and in the antiferromagnetic Ising model with three-site interaction on the Husimi cactus. The Lyapunov exponents have been calculated, modulated phases and a chaotic regime in the cyclic period-3 window have been found for one-dimensional rational mappings determined the properties of these systems.

  1. Crossover from ferromagnetic to antiferromagnetic ground state in the (Ce1- xUx)2Pd2.05Sn0.95 system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Laffargue, D.; Bordère, S.; Bourée, F.; Chevalier, B.; Etourneau, J.; Roisnel, T.

    1999-07-01

    The (Ce1- xUx)2Pd2.05Sn0.95 solid solution has been investigated by means of x-ray powder diffraction and magnetization measurements. All the compounds crystallize in the tetragonal U2Fe2Sn-type structure, P4/mbm space group. A crossover from ferromagnetic to antiferromagnetic behaviour at low temperature is observed around xicons/Journals/Common/simeq" ALT="simeq" ALIGN="TOP"/>0.30: in the composition range 0icons/Journals/Common/le" ALT="le" ALIGN="TOP"/> x<0.30, the Curie tempertaure TC goes through a maximum at xicons/Journals/Common/simeq" ALT="simeq" ALIGN="TOP"/>0.10-0.15 whereas for 0.30icons/Journals/Common/le" ALT="le" ALIGN="TOP"/> x<1.0 the Néel temperature TN increases continuously with x. Neutron powder diffraction performed on (Ce0.85U0.15)2Pd2.05Sn0.95 (x = 0.15) confirms the existence of a ferromagnetic structure below TC = 4.6(1) K, with (Ce, U) magnetic moments parallel to the tetragonal c-axis. The magnetic phase diagram ((TC, TN) against x) of this system is discussed considering a Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida model based on a non-spherical Fermi surface.

  2. Pressure-induced superconducting state and effective mass enhancement near the antiferromagnetic quantum critical point of CePt2In7

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bauer, E. D.; Lee, H. O.; Sidorov, V. A.; Kurita, N.; Gofryk, K.; Zhu, J.-X.; Ronning, F.; Movshovich, R.; Thompson, J. D.; Park, Tuson

    2010-05-01

    The heavy-fermion antiferromagnet CePt2In7 is a new, structurally more two-dimensional member of the CemMnIn3m+2n family. Applying pressure to CePt2In7 induces a broad dome of superconductivity that coexists with magnetic order for 1≤P≤3GPa . The maximum Tc=2.1K appears near the critical pressure Pc=3.5GPa where the Néel temperature extrapolates to zero temperature. An analysis of the initial slope of the upper critical field, the T2 coefficient of the electrical resistivity, and specific heat indicates an enhancement of the effective mass m∗ as Pc is approached, suggesting that critical fluctuations may mediate superconductivity. Electronic-structure calculations reveal a delicate balance between structural anisotropy and f-d hybridization, which may account for comparable Tc ’s in CePt2In7 and more three-dimensional CeRhIn5 .

  3. Electrical switching of an antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jungwirth, Tomas

    Louis Néel pointed out in his Nobel lecture that while abundant and interesting from theoretical viewpoint, antiferromagnets did not seem to have any applications. Indeed, the alternating directions of magnetic moments on individual atoms and the resulting zero net magnetization make antiferromagnets hard to control by tools common in ferromagnets. Strong coupling would be achieved if the externally generated field had a sign alternating on the scale of a lattice constant at which moments alternate in AFMs. However, generating such a field has been regarded unfeasible, hindering the research and applications of these abundant magnetic materials. We have recently predicted that relativistic quantum mechanics may offer staggered current induced fields with the sign alternating within the magnetic unit cell which can facilitate a reversible switching of an antiferromagnet by applying electrical currents with comparable efficiency to ferromagnets. Among suitable materials is a high Néel temperature antiferromagnet, tetragonal-phase CuMnAs, which we have recently synthesized in the form of single-crystal epilayers structurally compatible with common semiconductors. We demonstrate electrical writing and read-out, combined with the insensitivity to magnetic field perturbations, in a proof-of-concept antiferromagnetic memory device. We acknowledge support from European Research Council Advanced Grant No. 268066.

  4. Antiferromagnetic phase transition in a nonequilibrium lattice of Rydberg atoms

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, Tony E.; Cross, M. C.; Haeffner, H.

    2011-09-15

    We study a driven-dissipative system of atoms in the presence of laser excitation to a Rydberg state and spontaneous emission. The atoms interact via the blockade effect, whereby an atom in the Rydberg state shifts the Rydberg level of neighboring atoms. We use mean-field theory to study how the Rydberg population varies in space. As the laser frequency changes, there is a continuous transition between the uniform and antiferromagnetic phases. The nonequilibrium nature also leads to a novel oscillatory phase and bistability between the uniform and antiferromagnetic phases.

  5. Topological gapless phases in nonsymmorphic antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brzezicki, Wojciech; Cuoco, Mario

    2017-04-01

    We investigate the nature of the electronic states in a variety of nonsymmorphic collinear antiferromagnets with glide reflection symmetry, a combination of mirror and half-lattice translation. In particular, the study refers to a class of systems with two-band itinerant electrons that are spin-orbit coupled and interacting with a magnetic background having a zigzag pattern. We describe the symmetry properties of the model system by focusing on the role of nonsymmorphic transformations arising from the antiferromagnetic structure of the spin ordering. Gapless phases with Dirac points having different types of symmetry-protection as well as electronic structures with triple and quadruple band-crossing points are obtained. A glide semimetal is shown to be converted into a gapless phase with Dirac points protected by inversion and time-inversion symmetry combination. Interestingly, we find a relation between the states in the glide sectors that provides a general mechanism to get multiple band touching points. The split of the multiple Fermi points drives the transition from a point node to a line node semimetal or to a metal with nontrivial winding around the Fermi pockets and an electronic structure that is tied to the presence of glide symmetric Dirac points. Besides a new perspective of ordered states in complex materials, our findings indicate relevant paths to topological gapless phases and edge states in a wide class of magnetic systems.

  6. Thermophoresis of an antiferromagnetic soliton

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Se Kwon; Tchernyshyov, Oleg; Tserkovnyak, Yaroslav

    2015-07-01

    We study the dynamics of an antiferromagnetic soliton under a temperature gradient. To this end, we start by phenomenologically constructing the stochastic Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation for an antiferromagnet with the aid of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem. We then derive the Langevin equation for the soliton's center of mass by the collective coordinate approach. An antiferromagentic soliton behaves as a classical massive particle immersed in a viscous medium. By considering a thermodynamic ensemble of solitons, we obtain the Fokker-Planck equation, from which we extract the average drift velocity of a soliton. The diffusion coefficient is inversely proportional to a small damping constant α , which can yield a drift velocity of tens of m/s under a temperature gradient of 1 K/mm for a domain wall in an easy-axis antiferromagnetic wire with α ˜10-4 .

  7. Huge positive magnetoresistance in antiferromagnetic double perovskite metals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nand Singh, Viveka; Majumdar, Pinaki

    2014-07-01

    Metals with large positive magnetoresistance are rare. We demonstrate that antiferromagnetic metallic states, as have been predicted for the double perovskites, are excellent candidates for huge positive magnetoresistance. An applied field suppresses long range antiferromagnetic order leading to a state with short range antiferromagnetic correlations and strong electronic scattering. The field induced resistance ratio can be more than tenfold, at moderate field, in a structurally ordered system, and continues to be almost twofold even in systems with ˜25% antisite disorder. Although our explicit demonstration is in the context of a two- dimensional spin-fermion model of the double perovskites, the mechanism we uncover is far more general, complementary to the colossal negative magnetoresistance process, and would operate in other local moment metals that show a field driven suppression of non-ferromagnetic order.

  8. Emergence of soliton chirality in a quantum antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Braun, Hans-Benjamin; Kulda, Jiri; Roessli, Bertrand; Visser, Dirk; Krämer, Karl W.; Güdel, Hans-Ulrich; Böni, Peter

    2005-12-01

    Left- and right-handed chiral matter is present at every scale ranging from seashells to molecules to elementary particles. In magnetism, chirality may be inherited from the asymmetry of the underlying crystal structure, or it may emerge spontaneously. In particular, there has been a long-standing search for chiral spin states that emerge spontaneously with the disappearance of antiferromagnetic long-range order. Here we identify a generic system supporting such a behaviour and report on experimental evidence for chirality associated with the quantum dynamics of solitons in antiferromagnetic spin chains. The soliton chirality observed by polarized neutron scattering is in agreement with theoretical predictions and is a manifestation of a Berry phase. Our observations provide the first example of the emergence of spin currents and hidden chiral order that accompany the disappearance of antiferromagnetic order, a scheme believed to lie at the heart of the enigmatic normal state of cuprate superconductors.

  9. Huge positive magnetoresistance in antiferromagnetic double perovskite metals.

    PubMed

    Singh, Viveka Nand; Majumdar, Pinaki

    2014-07-23

    Metals with large positive magnetoresistance are rare. We demonstrate that antiferromagnetic metallic states, as have been predicted for the double perovskites, are excellent candidates for huge positive magnetoresistance. An applied field suppresses long range antiferromagnetic order leading to a state with short range antiferromagnetic correlations and strong electronic scattering. The field induced resistance ratio can be more than tenfold, at moderate field, in a structurally ordered system, and continues to be almost twofold even in systems with ∼ 25% antisite disorder. Although our explicit demonstration is in the context of a two- dimensional spin-fermion model of the double perovskites, the mechanism we uncover is far more general, complementary to the colossal negative magnetoresistance process, and would operate in other local moment metals that show a field driven suppression of non-ferromagnetic order.

  10. Ferroelectric strain modulation of antiferromagnetic moments in Ni/NiO ferromagnet/antiferromagnet heterostructures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Yu-Jun; Chen, Jia-Hui; Li, Liang-Liang; Ma, Jing; Nan, Ce-Wen; Lin, Yuan-Hua

    2017-05-01

    Electric field manipulation of magnetic properties has attracted a lot of research interest recently in solid-state physics. However, ferroelectric strain modulation of antiferromagnetic (AFM) layer is rarely studied in ferromagnet/antiferromagnet/ferroelectric heterostructures. In this paper, we prepared a Ni/NiO(001) heterostructure on ferroelectric Pb (Mg1/3N b2 /3 ) 0.7T i0.3O3(001 ) substrates and observed an out-of-plane electric field modulation of exchange bias and magnetic anisotropy in the Ni layer. The exchange bias was easily eliminated by an electric field cycle, which was due to the AFM domain switching induced by piezoelectric strain in the NiO layer. Synchrotron x ray linear dichroism results confirmed the AFM moment alignment induced by ferroelectric strain as well. Our work showed a promising strategy to manipulate AFM moments and domains, serving the blooming AFM spintronics.

  11. Comparison of the pinning and the bulk currents in the critical state of a type-II superconductor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krasnov, V. M.; Ryazanov, V. V.

    1998-03-01

    The bulk current density distribution in the critical state of a type-II superconductor is studied for different pinning strengths and external magnetic fields. The calculations were made within the extended critical state model for a three-axis ellipsoid, taking into account the equilibrium vortex lattice magnetization caused by the vortex interaction. It is shown that the average current density, Jav, could be considerably different from the critical pinning current density, Jc, for the magnetic fields not much larger than the lower critical field Hc1. The difference between Jav and Jc result in additional curvature of the local magnetic field profiles and modifies the total moment of the sample which might be important for the analysis of various magnetization experiments.

  12. Barkhausen-like antiferromagnetic to ferromagnetic phase transition driven by spin polarized current

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suzuki, Ippei; Naito, Tomoyuki; Itoh, Mitsuru; Taniyama, Tomoyasu

    2015-08-01

    We provide clear evidence for the effect of a spin polarized current on the antiferromagnetic to ferromagnetic phase transition of an FeRh wire at Co/FeRh wire junctions, where the antiferromagnetic ground state of FeRh is suppressed by injecting a spin polarized current. We find a discrete change in the current-voltage characteristics with increasing current density, which we attribute to the Barkhausen-like motion of antiferromagnetic/ferromagnetic interfaces within the FeRh wire. The effect can be understood via spin transfer, which exerts a torque to the antiferromagnetic moments of FeRh, together with non-equilibrium magnetic effective field at the interface. The conclusion is reinforced by the fact that spin unpolarized current injection from a nonmagnetic Cu electrode has no effects on the antiferromagnetic state of FeRh.

  13. Barkhausen-like antiferromagnetic to ferromagnetic phase transition driven by spin polarized current

    SciTech Connect

    Suzuki, Ippei; Naito, Tomoyuki; Itoh, Mitsuru; Taniyama, Tomoyasu

    2015-08-24

    We provide clear evidence for the effect of a spin polarized current on the antiferromagnetic to ferromagnetic phase transition of an FeRh wire at Co/FeRh wire junctions, where the antiferromagnetic ground state of FeRh is suppressed by injecting a spin polarized current. We find a discrete change in the current-voltage characteristics with increasing current density, which we attribute to the Barkhausen-like motion of antiferromagnetic/ferromagnetic interfaces within the FeRh wire. The effect can be understood via spin transfer, which exerts a torque to the antiferromagnetic moments of FeRh, together with non-equilibrium magnetic effective field at the interface. The conclusion is reinforced by the fact that spin unpolarized current injection from a nonmagnetic Cu electrode has no effects on the antiferromagnetic state of FeRh.

  14. Quantification of quantum discord in a antiferromagnetic Heisenberg compound

    SciTech Connect

    Singh, H. Chakraborty, T. Mitra, C.

    2014-04-24

    An experimental quantification of concurrence and quantum discord from heat capacity (C{sub p}) measurement performed over a solid state system has been reported. In this work, thermodynamic measurements were performed on copper nitrate (CN, Cu(NO{sub 3}){sub 2}⋅2.5H{sub 2}O) single crystals which is an alternating antiferromagnet Heisenberg spin 1/2 system. CN being a weak dimerized antiferromagnet is an ideal system to investigate correlations between spins. The theoretical expressions were used to obtain concurrence and quantum discord curves as a function of temperature from heat capacity data of a real macroscopic system, CN.

  15. Revealing the properties of Mn2Au for antiferromagnetic spintronics.

    PubMed

    Barthem, V M T S; Colin, C V; Mayaffre, H; Julien, M-H; Givord, D

    2013-01-01

    The continuous reduction in size of spintronic devices requires the development of structures, which are insensitive to parasitic external magnetic fields, while preserving the magnetoresistive signals of existing systems based on giant or tunnel magnetoresistance. This could be obtained in tunnel anisotropic magnetoresistance structures incorporating an antiferromagnetic, instead of a ferromagnetic, material. To turn this promising concept into real devices, new magnetic materials with large spin-orbit effects must be identified. Here we demonstrate that Mn2Au is not a Pauli paramagnet as hitherto believed but an antiferromagnet with Mn moments of ~4 μB. The particularly large strength of the exchange interactions leads to an extrapolated Néel temperature well above 1,000 K, so that ground-state magnetic properties are essentially preserved up to room temperature and above. Combined with the existence of a significant in-plane anisotropy, this makes Mn2Au the most promising material for antiferromagnetic spintronics identified so far.

  16. Magnetic phase diagrams of classical triangular and kagome antiferromagnets.

    PubMed

    Gvozdikova, M V; Melchy, P-E; Zhitomirsky, M E

    2011-04-27

    We investigate the effect of geometrical frustration on the H-T phase diagrams of the classical Heisenberg antiferromagnets on triangular and kagome lattices. The phase diagrams for the two models are obtained from large-scale Monte Carlo simulations. For the kagome antiferromagnet, thermal fluctuations are unable to lift degeneracy completely and stabilize translationally disordered multipolar phases. We find a substantial difference in the temperature scales of the order by disorder effect related to different degeneracy of the low- and the high-field classical ground states in the kagome antiferromagnet. In the low-field regime, the Kosterlitz-Thouless transition into a spin-nematic phase is produced by unbinding of half-quantum vortices.

  17. Tuning magnetic properties of antiferromagnetic chains by exchange interactions: ab initio studies.

    PubMed

    Tao, Kun; Guo, Qing; Jena, Puru; Xue, Desheng; Stepanyuk, Valeri S

    2015-10-21

    The possibility of using exchange interactions to manipulate the spin state of an antiferromagnetic nanostructure is explored using ab initio calculations. By considering M (M = Mn, Fe, Co) mono-atomic chains supported on Cu2N islands on a Cu(001) surface as a model system, it is demonstrated that two indistinguishable Néel states of an antiferromagnetic chain can be tailored into a preferred state by the exchange interaction with a magnetic STM tip. The magnitude and direction of the anisotropy for antiferromagnetic chains can also be tuned by exchange coupling upon varying the tip-chain separation.

  18. Various disordered ground states and 1/3 magnetization-plateau-like behavior in the S =1/2 Ti3 + kagome lattice antiferromagnets Rb2NaTi3F12 , Cs2NaTi3F12 , and Cs2KTi3F12

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goto, Masato; Ueda, Hiroaki; Michioka, Chishiro; Matsuo, Akira; Kindo, Koichi; Yoshimura, Kazuyoshi

    2016-09-01

    We have investigated the crystal structure and magnetic properties of three kagome lattice antiferromagnets, Rb2Na Ti3F12 , Cs2Na Ti3F12 , and Cs2K Ti3F12 , using single crystals. These compounds represent a S =1 /2 kagome system consisting of magnetic Ti3 + ions, which is expected to have negligibly small Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya interaction. The structural analyses revealed that each of the three compounds has a slightly distorted kagome lattice. The distortion of the kagome lattice becomes small as the ionic radii of constituent alkali metals increase. All three compounds have nearly the same Weiss temperature of -45 K, and the ground states are disordered and strongly depend on the distortion. The ground states of Rb2Na Ti3F12 , Cs2Na Ti3F12 , and Cs2K Ti3F12 are found to be a two-component state including approximately 1/3 nearly free spins, a gapless disordered state, and a gapped disordered state, respectively. Our experimental results suggest that the ground state of the ideal S =1 /2 Heisenberg kagome lattice antiferromagnet is gapped. In addition, the magnetization curves of Cs2Na Ti3F12 and Cs2K Ti3F12 show anomalies at approximately 1/3 of the full magnetic moment of Ti3 +, which are a notable observation of signs of the theoretically proposed 1/3 magnetization plateau in S =1 /2 kagome antiferromagnets.

  19. A cold-atom Fermi-Hubbard antiferromagnet.

    PubMed

    Mazurenko, Anton; Chiu, Christie S; Ji, Geoffrey; Parsons, Maxwell F; Kanász-Nagy, Márton; Schmidt, Richard; Grusdt, Fabian; Demler, Eugene; Greif, Daniel; Greiner, Markus

    2017-05-24

    Exotic phenomena in systems with strongly correlated electrons emerge from the interplay between spin and motional degrees of freedom. For example, doping an antiferromagnet is expected to give rise to pseudogap states and high-temperature superconductors. Quantum simulation using ultracold fermions in optical lattices could help to answer open questions about the doped Hubbard Hamiltonian, and has recently been advanced by quantum gas microscopy. Here we report the realization of an antiferromagnet in a repulsively interacting Fermi gas on a two-dimensional square lattice of about 80 sites at a temperature of 0.25 times the tunnelling energy. The antiferromagnetic long-range order manifests through the divergence of the correlation length, which reaches the size of the system, the development of a peak in the spin structure factor and a staggered magnetization that is close to the ground-state value. We hole-dope the system away from half-filling, towards a regime in which complex many-body states are expected, and find that strong magnetic correlations persist at the antiferromagnetic ordering vector up to dopings of about 15 per cent. In this regime, numerical simulations are challenging and so experiments provide a valuable benchmark. Our results demonstrate that microscopy of cold atoms in optical lattices can help us to understand the low-temperature Fermi-Hubbard model.

  20. Random Ising antiferromagnet on Bethe-like lattices with triangular loops

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yokota, Terufumi

    2016-04-01

    Phase diagrams for a random Ising antiferromagnet on Bethe-like lattices with triangular loops are obtained. Triangular loops cause strong geometrical frustration for the Ising antiferromagnet. Spin glass states appear by introducing randomness in the interaction between Ising spins. The random Ising antiferromagnet is studied by the replica method using global order parameter. The phase diagrams are compared with those for the corresponding random Ising ferromagnet to see the effects of the geometrical frustration. Antiferromagnetic phase does not appear for M ≤ 4 where M is the number of the corner sharing triangles on the Bethe-like lattices. In these cases, spin glass phase appears with a reentrant behavior. Spin glass phase in the random antiferromagnet appears for much weaker randomness than that in the corresponding random ferromagnet.

  1. Impact of antiferromagnetism on the optical properties of rare-earth nickelates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ruppen, J.; Teyssier, J.; Ardizzone, I.; Peil, O. E.; Catalano, S.; Gibert, M.; Triscone, J.-M.; Georges, A.; van der Marel, D.

    2017-07-01

    We study the temperature dependence of the optical conductivity of rare-earth nickelate films of varying composition and strain close to the antiferromagnetic ordering temperature, TN. Two prominent peaks at 0.6 and 1.3 eV, which are characteristic of the insulating phase, display a small but significant increase in intensity when the material passes from para- to antiferromagnetic. This observation indicates the presence of a positive feedback between antiferromagnetic (AF) and bond disproportionation (BD) order. By analyzing the temperature dependence near TN, and using a Landau-type free-energy expression for BD and AF order, we infer that BD order is a necessary condition for the AF phase to appear, and that the antiferromagnetism contributes to stabilization of the bond disproportionation. This model also explains why hysteresis is particularly strong when the transition into the insulating state occurs simultaneously with antiferromagnetic order.

  2. Antiferromagnetic Dirac semimetals in two dimensions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Jing

    2017-03-01

    The search for symmetry-protected two-dimensional (2D) Dirac semimetals analogous to graphene is important both for fundamental and practical interest. The 2D Dirac cones are protected by crystalline symmetries and magnetic ordering may destroy their robustness. Here we propose a general framework to classify stable 2D Dirac semimetals in spin-orbit coupled systems having the combined time-reversal and inversion symmetries, and show the existence of the stable Dirac points in 2D antiferromagnetic semimetals. Compared to 3D Dirac semimetals which fall into two distinct classes, Dirac semimetals in 2D with combined time-reversal and inversion symmetries belong to a single class which is closely related to the nonsymmorphic space-group symmetries. We further provide a concrete model in antiferromagnetic semimetals which supports symmetry-protected 2D Dirac points. The symmetry breaking in such systems leads to 2D chiral topological states such as quantum anomalous Hall insulator and chiral topological superconductor phases.

  3. Orientational transitions in antiferromagnetic liquid crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zakhlevnykh, A. N.; Petrov, D. A.

    2016-09-01

    The orientational phases in an antiferromagnetic liquid crystal (ferronematic) based on the nematic liquid crystal with the negative anisotropy of diamagnetic susceptibility are studied in the framework of the continuum theory. The ferronematic was assumed to be compensated; i.e., in zero field, impurity ferroparticles with the magnetic moments directed parallel and antiparallel to the director are equiprobably distributed in it. It is established that under the action of a magnetic field the ferronematic undergoes orientational transitions compensated (antiferromagnetic) phase-non-uniform phase-saturation (ferrimagnetic) phase. The analytical expressions for threshold fields of the transitions as functions of material parameters are obtained. It is shown that with increasing magnetic impurity segregation parameter, the threshold fields of the transitions significantly decrease. The bifurcation diagram of the ferronematic orientational phases is built in terms of the energy of anchoring of magnetic particles with the liquid-crystal matrix and magnetic field. It is established that the Freedericksz transition is the second-order phase transition, while the transition to the saturation state can be second- or first-order. In the latter case, the suspension exhibits orientational bistability. The orientational and magnetooptical properties of the ferronematic in different applied magnetic fields are studied.

  4. Ising antiferromagnet on the Archimedean lattices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Unjong

    2015-06-01

    Geometric frustration effects were studied systematically with the Ising antiferromagnet on the 11 Archimedean lattices using the Monte Carlo methods. The Wang-Landau algorithm for static properties (specific heat and residual entropy) and the Metropolis algorithm for a freezing order parameter were adopted. The exact residual entropy was also found. Based on the degree of frustration and dynamic properties, ground states of them were determined. The Shastry-Sutherland lattice and the trellis lattice are weakly frustrated and have two- and one-dimensional long-range-ordered ground states, respectively. The bounce, maple-leaf, and star lattices have the spin ice phase. The spin liquid phase appears in the triangular and kagome lattices.

  5. Ising antiferromagnet on the 2-uniform lattices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Unjong

    2016-08-01

    The antiferromagnetic Ising model is investigated on the twenty 2-uniform lattices using the Monte Carlo method based on the Wang-Landau algorithm and the Metropolis algorithm to study the geometric frustration effect systematically. Based on the specific heat, the residual entropy, and the Edwards-Anderson freezing order parameter, the ground states of them were determined. In addition to the long-range-ordered phase and the spin ice phase found in the Archimedean lattices, two more phases were found. The partial long-range order is long-range order with exceptional disordered sites, which give extensive residual entropy. In the partial spin ice phase, the partial freezing phenomenon appears: A majority of sites are frozen without long-range order, but the other sites are fluctuating even at zero temperature. The spin liquid ground state was not found in the 2-uniform lattices.

  6. Competing antiferromagnetism in a quasi-2D itinerant ferromagnet: Fe3GeTe2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yi, Jieyu; Zhuang, Houlong; Zou, Qiang; Wu, Zhiming; Cao, Guixin; Tang, Siwei; Calder, S. A.; Kent, P. R. C.; Mandrus, David; Gai, Zheng

    2017-03-01

    Fe3GeTe2 is known as an air-stable layered metal with itinerant ferromagnetism with a transition temperature of about 220 K. From our extensive dc and ac magnetic measurements, we have determined that the ferromagnetic layers of Fe3GeTe2 actually order antiferromagnetically along the c-axis below 152 K. The antiferromagnetic state was further substantiated by theoretical calculation to be the ground state. A magnetic structure model was proposed to describe the antiferromagnetic ground state as well as competition between antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic states. Fe3GeTe2 shares many common features with pnictide superconductors and may be a promising system in which to search for unconventional superconductivity.

  7. Competing antiferromagnetism in a quasi-2D itinerant ferromagnet: Fe3GeTe2

    DOE PAGES

    Yi, Jieyu; Zhuang, Houlong; Zou, Qiang; ...

    2016-11-15

    Fe3GeTe2 is known as an air-stable layered metal with itinerant ferromagnetism with a transition temperature of about 220 K. From extensive dc and ac magnetic measurements, we have determined that the ferromagnetic layers of Fe3GeTe2 order antiferromagnetically along the c-axis blow 152 K. The antiferromagnetic state was further substantiated by theoretical calculation to be the ground state. A magnetic structure model was proposed to describe the antiferromagnetic ground state as well as competition between antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic states. Furthermore, Fe3GeTe2 shares many common features with pnictide superconductors and may be a promising system in which to search for unconventional superconductivity.

  8. Emergent Antiferromagnetism out of the "Hidden-Order" State in URu2Si2: High Magnetic Field Nuclear Magnetic Resonance to 40 T

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sakai, H.; Tokunaga, Y.; Kambe, S.; Urbano, R. R.; Suzuki, M.-T.; Kuhns, P. L.; Reyes, A. P.; Tobash, P. H.; Ronning, F.; Bauer, E. D.; Thompson, J. D.

    2014-06-01

    Very high field Si29-NMR measurements using a fully Si29-enriched URu2Si2 single crystal were carried out in order to microscopically investigate the "hidden order" (HO) state and adjacent magnetic phases in the high field limit. At the lowest measured temperature of 0.4 K, a clear anomaly reflecting a Fermi surface instability near 22 T inside the HO state is detected by the Si29 shift, Kc29. Moreover, a strong enhancement of Kc29 develops near a critical field Hc≃35.6 T, and the Si29-NMR signal disappears suddenly at Hc, indicating the total suppression of the HO state. Nevertheless, a weak and shifted Si29-NMR signal reappears for fields higher than Hc at 4.2 K, providing evidence for a magnetic structure within the magnetic phase caused by the Ising-type anisotropy of the uranium ordered moments.

  9. Spin diffusion and torques in disordered antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Manchon, Aurelien

    2017-03-01

    We have developed a drift-diffusion equation of spin transport in collinear bipartite metallic antiferromagnets. Starting from a model tight-binding Hamiltonian, we obtain the quantum kinetic equation within Keldysh formalism and expand it to the lowest order in spatial gradient using Wigner expansion method. In the diffusive limit, these equations track the spatio-temporal evolution of the spin accumulations and spin currents on each sublattice of the antiferromagnet. We use these equations to address the nature of the spin transfer torque in (i) a spin-valve composed of a ferromagnet and an antiferromagnet, (ii) a metallic bilayer consisting of an antiferromagnet adjacent to a heavy metal possessing spin Hall effect, and in (iii) a single antiferromagnet possessing spin Hall effect. We show that the latter can experience a self-torque thanks to the non-vanishing spin Hall effect in the antiferromagnet.

  10. Spin diffusion and torques in disordered antiferromagnets.

    PubMed

    Manchon, Aurelien

    2017-03-15

    We have developed a drift-diffusion equation of spin transport in collinear bipartite metallic antiferromagnets. Starting from a model tight-binding Hamiltonian, we obtain the quantum kinetic equation within Keldysh formalism and expand it to the lowest order in spatial gradient using Wigner expansion method. In the diffusive limit, these equations track the spatio-temporal evolution of the spin accumulations and spin currents on each sublattice of the antiferromagnet. We use these equations to address the nature of the spin transfer torque in (i) a spin-valve composed of a ferromagnet and an antiferromagnet, (ii) a metallic bilayer consisting of an antiferromagnet adjacent to a heavy metal possessing spin Hall effect, and in (iii) a single antiferromagnet possessing spin Hall effect. We show that the latter can experience a self-torque thanks to the non-vanishing spin Hall effect in the antiferromagnet.

  11. Relaxation of antiferromagnetic order in spin-1/2 chains following a quantum quench.

    PubMed

    Barmettler, Peter; Punk, Matthias; Gritsev, Vladimir; Demler, Eugene; Altman, Ehud

    2009-04-03

    We study the unitary time evolution of antiferromagnetic order in anisotropic Heisenberg chains that are initially prepared in a pure quantum state far from equilibrium. Our analysis indicates that the antiferromagnetic order imprinted in the initial state vanishes exponentially. Depending on the anisotropy parameter, oscillatory or nonoscillatory relaxation dynamics is observed. Furthermore, the corresponding relaxation time exhibits a minimum at the critical point, in contrast to the usual notion of critical slowing down, from which a maximum is expected.

  12. Antiferromagnetic spin flop and exchange bias

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nogués, J.; Morellon, L.; Leighton, C.; Ibarra, M. R.; Schuller, Ivan K.

    2000-03-01

    The effect of the antiferromagnetic spin flop on exchange bias has been investigated in antiferromagnetic (MnF2)-ferromagnetic (Fe) bilayers. Cooling and measuring in fields larger than the antiferromagnetic spin-flop field, HSF, causes an irreversible reduction of the magnitude of the exchange bias field, HE. This indicates that, contrary to what is normally assumed, the interface spin structure does not remain ``frozen in'' below TN if large enough fields are applied.

  13. Enhancing the orthorhombicity and antiferromagnetic-insulating state in epitaxial La0.67Ca0.33MnO3/NdGaO3(001) films by inserting a SmFeO3 buffer layer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tan, Xuelian; Gao, Guanyin; Chen, Pingfan; Xu, Haoran; Zhi, Bowen; Jin, Feng; Chen, Feng; Wu, Wenbin

    2014-11-01

    Structural and magnetotransport properties of epitaxial La0.67Ca0.33MnO3(30 nm)/NdGaO3(001) [LCMO/NGO(001)] films are tuned by inserting an insulating SmFeO3 (SFO) buffer layer at various thicknesses (t). All the layers and the NGO substrates have the same Pbnm symmetry with the octahedra tilting about the b-axis, but different orthorhombicity (d). We found that as t increases, the fully strained (≤15 nm) or partially relaxed (30-60 nm) SFO layers can produce different d in the upper LCMO films. Correspondingly, the induced antiferromagnetic-insulating (AFI) state in LCMO is greatly enhanced with TAFI shifted from ˜250 K for t ≤ 15 nm to ˜263 K for t = 30-60 nm. We also show that the strain relaxation for t ≥ 30 nm is remarkably anisotropic, with a stable lattice constant a as that of the NGO substrates but increasing b of both SFO and LCMO layers. This indicates the octahedral coupling across the interfaces, leaving the strain along the a-axis accommodated by the octahedral tilts, while along the b-axis most probably by the octahedral deformations. The AFI state in the LCMO layer could be ascribed to the enhanced orthorhombicity with cooperatively increased Jahn-Teller-like distortions and tilting of the MnO6 octahedra. The results strongly suggest that the interfacial octahedral coupling plays a crucial role in epitaxial growth and in tuning functionalities of the perovskite oxide films.

  14. Effect of frustration on spin-wave excitation spectra and ground-state properties of the quasi-one-dimensional antiferromagnetic chain with asymmetrical sublattices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jiang, Jian-Jun; Liu, Yong-Jun; Zhang, Song-Jun; Yang, Cui-Hong

    2009-10-01

    We investigate the effect of frustration on spin-wave excitation spectra and the properties of the quasi-one-dimensional Heisenberg chain using a spin-wave-wave analysis, the exact diagonalization method and the density matrix renormalization group method. The results show that frustration can cause the softening of the acoustic excitation spectrum ω3, as well as the hardening of the optical excitation spectrum ω1. As a function of the frustration parameter α, the phase diagram exhibits a ferromagnetic phase, a narrow canted phase and a singlet phase. The results obtained from numerical methods show that the spin gap obviously opens and the tetramer-dimer state dominates the properties of the ground state in the singlet phase.

  15. Possible nematic spin liquid in spin-1 antiferromagnetic system on the square lattice: Implications for the nematic paramagnetic state of FeSe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gong, Shou-Shu; Zhu, W.; Sheng, D. N.; Yang, Kun

    2017-05-01

    The exotic normal state of iron chalcogenide superconductor FeSe, which exhibits vanishing magnetic order and possesses an electronic nematic order, triggered extensive explorations of its magnetic ground state. To understand its novel properties, we study the ground state of a highly frustrated spin-1 system with bilinear-biquadratic interactions using an unbiased large-scale density matrix renormalization group. Remarkably, with increasing biquadratic interactions, we find a paramagnetic phase between Néel and stripe magnetic ordered phases. We identify this phase as a candidate of nematic quantum spin liquid by the compelling evidences, including vanished spin and quadrupolar orders, absence of lattice translational symmetry breaking, and a persistent nonzero lattice nematic order in the thermodynamic limit. The established quantum phase diagram naturally explains the observations of enhanced spin fluctuations of FeSe in neutron scattering measurement and the phase transition with increasing pressure. This identified paramagnetic phase provides a possibility to understand the novel properties of FeSe.

  16. Partial Ferrimagnetism in S = 1/2 Heisenberg Ladders with a Ferromagnetic Leg, an Antiferromagnetic Leg, and Antiferromagnetic Rungs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sekiguchi, Kazutaka; Hida, Kazuo

    2017-08-01

    Ground-state and finite-temperature properties of S = 1/2 Heisenberg ladders with a ferromagnetic leg, an antiferromagnetic leg, and antiferromagnetic rungs are studied. It is shown that a partial ferrimagnetic phase extends over a wide parameter range in the ground state. The numerical results are supported by an analytical calculation based on a mapping onto the nonlinear σ model and a perturbation calculation from the strong-rung limit. It is shown that the partial ferrimagnetic state is a spontaneously magnetized Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid with incommensurate magnetic correlation, which is confirmed by a DMRG calculation. The finite-temperature magnetic susceptibility is calculated using the thermal pure quantum state method. It is suggested that the susceptibility diverges as T-2 in the ferrimagnetic phases as in the case of ferromagnetic Heisenberg chains.

  17. Coupling the valley degree of freedom to antiferromagnetic order.

    PubMed

    Li, Xiao; Cao, Ting; Niu, Qian; Shi, Junren; Feng, Ji

    2013-03-05

    Conventional electronics are based invariably on the intrinsic degrees of freedom of an electron, namely its charge and spin. The exploration of novel electronic degrees of freedom has important implications in both basic quantum physics and advanced information technology. Valley, as a new electronic degree of freedom, has received considerable attention in recent years. In this paper, we develop the theory of spin and valley physics of an antiferromagnetic honeycomb lattice. We show that by coupling the valley degree of freedom to antiferromagnetic order, there is an emergent electronic degree of freedom characterized by the product of spin and valley indices, which leads to spin-valley-dependent optical selection rule and Berry curvature-induced topological quantum transport. These properties will enable optical polarization in the spin-valley space, and electrical detection/manipulation through the induced spin, valley, and charge fluxes. The domain walls of an antiferromagnetic honeycomb lattice harbors valley-protected edge states that support spin-dependent transport. Finally, we use first-principles calculations to show that the proposed optoelectronic properties may be realized in antiferromagnetic manganese chalcogenophosphates (MnPX3, X = S, Se) in monolayer form.

  18. Coupling the valley degree of freedom to antiferromagnetic order

    PubMed Central

    Li, Xiao; Cao, Ting; Niu, Qian; Shi, Junren; Feng, Ji

    2013-01-01

    Conventional electronics are based invariably on the intrinsic degrees of freedom of an electron, namely its charge and spin. The exploration of novel electronic degrees of freedom has important implications in both basic quantum physics and advanced information technology. Valley, as a new electronic degree of freedom, has received considerable attention in recent years. In this paper, we develop the theory of spin and valley physics of an antiferromagnetic honeycomb lattice. We show that by coupling the valley degree of freedom to antiferromagnetic order, there is an emergent electronic degree of freedom characterized by the product of spin and valley indices, which leads to spin–valley-dependent optical selection rule and Berry curvature–induced topological quantum transport. These properties will enable optical polarization in the spin–valley space, and electrical detection/manipulation through the induced spin, valley, and charge fluxes. The domain walls of an antiferromagnetic honeycomb lattice harbors valley-protected edge states that support spin-dependent transport. Finally, we use first-principles calculations to show that the proposed optoelectronic properties may be realized in antiferromagnetic manganese chalcogenophosphates (MnPX3, X = S, Se) in monolayer form. PMID:23435746

  19. Quasiparticle bandstructure of antiferromagnetic EuTe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mathi Jaya, S.; Nolting, W.

    1997-11-01

    The temperature-dependent electronic quasiparticle spectrum of the antiferromagnetic semiconductor EuTe is derived by use of a combination of a many-body model procedure with a tight-binding - `linear muffin tin orbital' (TB - LMTO) band structure calculation. The central part is the d - f model for a single band electron (`test electron') being exchange coupled to the antiferromagnetically ordered localized moments of the Eu ions. The single-electron Bloch energies of the d - f model are taken from a TB - LMTO calculation for paramagnetic EuTe. The d - f model is evaluated by a recently proposed moment conserving Green function technique to get the temperature-dependent sublattice - quasiparticle bandstructure (S - QBS) and sublattice - quasiparticle density of states (S - QDOS) of the unoccupied 5d - 6s energy bands. Unconventional correlation effects and the appearance of characteristic quasiparticles (`magnetic polarons') are worked out in detail. The temperature dependence of the S - QDOS and S - QBS is mainly provoked by the spectral weights of the energy dispersions. Minority- and majority-spin spectra coincide for all temperatures but with different densities of states. Upon cooling from 0953-8984/9/47/012/img1 to T = 0 K the lower conduction band edge exhibits a small blue shift of -0.025 eV in accordance with the experiment. Quasiparticle damping manifesting itself in a temperature-dependent broadening of the spectral density peaks arises from spin exchange processes between (5d - 6s) conduction band electrons and localized 4f moments.

  20. Entanglement of strongly interacting low-dimensional fermions in metallic, superfluid, and antiferromagnetic insulating systems

    SciTech Connect

    Franca, V. V.; Capelle, K.

    2006-10-15

    We calculate the entanglement entropy of strongly correlated low-dimensional fermions in metallic, superfluid, and antiferromagnetic insulating phases. The entanglement entropy reflects the degrees of freedom available in each phase for storing and processing information, but is found not to be a state function in the thermodynamic sense. The role of critical points, smooth crossovers, and Hilbert space restrictions in shaping the dependence of the entanglement entropy on the system parameters is illustrated for metallic, insulating, and superfluid systems. The dependence of the spin susceptibility on entanglement in antiferromagnetic insulators is obtained quantitatively. The opening of spin gaps in antiferromagnetic insulators is associated with enhanced entanglement near quantum critical points.

  1. Characterization of the Dilute Ising Antiferromagnet

    SciTech Connect

    Wiener, Timothy

    2000-09-12

    A spin glass is a magnetic ground state in which ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic exchange interactions compete, thereby creating frustration and a multidegenerate state with no long range order. An Ising system is a system where the spins are constrained to lie parallel or antiparallel to a primary axis. There has been much theoretical interest in the past ten years in the effects of applying a magnetic field transverse to the primary axis in an Ising spin glass at low temperatures and thus study phase transitions at the T=0 limit. The focus of this study is to search for and characterize a new Ising spin glass system. This is accomplished by site diluting yttrium for terbium in the crystalline material TbNi2Ge2. The first part of this work gives a brief overview of the physics of rare earth magnetism and an overview of experimental characteristics of spin glasses. This is followed by the methodology used to manufacture the large single crystals used in this study, as well as the measurement techniques used. Next, a summary of the results of magnetic measurements on across the dilution series from pure terbium to pure yttrium is presented. This is followed by detailed measurements on particular dilutions which demonstrate spin glass behavior. Pure TbNi2Ge2 is an Ising antiferromagnet with a several distinct metamagnetic states below 17 K. As the terbium is alloyed with yttrium, these magnetic states are weakened in a consistent manner, as is seen in measurements of the transition temperatures and analysis of Curie-Weiss behavior at high temperature. At low concentrations of terbium, below 35%, long range order is no longer present and a spin-glass-like state emerges. This state is studied through various measurements, dc and ac susceptibility, resistivity, and specific heat. This magnetic behavior was then compared to that of other well characterized spin glasses. It is concluded that there is a region of

  2. Spin-Singlet Ground State of Two-Dimensional Quantum Spin Antiferromagnet (CuCl)Ca2Nb3O10

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsujimoto, Yoshihiro; Kitada, Atsushi; Nishi, Masakazu; Narumi, Yasuo; Kindo, Koichi; Goko, Tatsuo; Uemura, Yasutomo J.; Aczel, Adam A.; Williams, Travis J.; Luke, Graeme M.; Ajiro, Yoshitami; Kageyama, Hiroshi

    2014-07-01

    We report structural and magnetic properties of the triple-layered perovskite (CuCl)Ca2Nb3O10 with a spin-1/2 CuCl layer, investigated by transmission electron microscopy, magnetic susceptibility, high-field magnetization, specific heat, µSR, and inelastic neutron scattering measurements. The results show that (CuCl)Ca2Nb3O10 has a spin-singlet ground state with a gap of Δ/kB = 11 K. The observation of a 2 × 2 superstructure suggests a coherent distortion of the CuCl square lattice as in the double-layered (CuCl)LaNb2O7 with Δ/kB = 14 K. The low-temperature magnetization exhibits a jump to saturation above the critical field of Hc = 7.8 T, in marked contrast to the case of (CuCl)LaNb2O7, where the magnetization slowly increases above Hc. The observed magnetic properties are discussed in terms of the ferromagnetic Shastry-Sutherland model.

  3. Type-II antiferromagnetism in compounds of iron with 4d metals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marcus, P. M.; Moruzzi, V. L.; Qiu, S. L.

    1996-11-01

    Previous first-principles calculations on the magnetic phases of nine FeX and Fe2XY compounds in the CsCl structure, where X and Y are 4d elements from Tc to Ag, are extended to include type-II as well as type-I antiferromagnetism. The antiferromagnetism of FeRh and Fe2RuRh is greatly enhanced in the type-II phase and FeRu in the type-II phase becomes the fifth such compound with an antiferromagnetic ground state. However in the weaker antiferromagnets FePd and Fe2RhPd the equilibrium state of the type-II phase has a higher energy than the type-I phase.

  4. Thickness-dependent cooperative aging in polycrystalline films of antiferromagnet CoO

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma, Tianyu; Cheng, Xiang; Boettcher, Stefan; Urazhdin, Sergei; Novozhilova, Lydia

    2016-07-01

    We demonstrate that thin polycrystalline films of antiferromagnet CoO, in bilayers with ferromagnetic Permalloy, exhibit slow power-law aging of their magnetization state. The aging characteristics are remarkably similar to those previously observed in thin epitaxial Fe50Mn50 films, indicating that these behaviors are likely generic to ferromagnet/antiferromagnet bilayers. In very thin films, aging is observed over a wide temperature range. In thicker CoO, aging effects become reduced at low temperatures. Aging entirely disappears for large CoO thicknesses. We also investigate the dependence of aging characteristics on temperature and magnetic history. Analysis shows that the observed behaviors are inconsistent with the Neel-Arrhenius model of thermal activation, and are instead indicative of cooperative aging of the antiferromagnet. Our results provide new insights into the mechanisms controlling the stationary states and dynamics of ferromagnet/antiferromagnet bilayers, and potentially other frustrated magnetic systems.

  5. Coherent bremsstrahlung of relativistic electrons in antiferromagnets

    SciTech Connect

    Kunashenko, Yu.P.

    1988-08-01

    The coherent bremsstrahlung (CB) of relativistic electrons in antiferromagnetic crystals is studied theoretically. It is shown that the internal magnetic field of an antiferromagnet has a negligible effect on CB. The complete CB spectrum is calculated for hematite, ..cap alpha..-Fe/sub 2/O/sub 3/.

  6. Purely antiferromagnetic magnetoelectric random access memory.

    PubMed

    Kosub, Tobias; Kopte, Martin; Hühne, Ruben; Appel, Patrick; Shields, Brendan; Maletinsky, Patrick; Hübner, René; Liedke, Maciej Oskar; Fassbender, Jürgen; Schmidt, Oliver G; Makarov, Denys

    2017-01-03

    Magnetic random access memory schemes employing magnetoelectric coupling to write binary information promise outstanding energy efficiency. We propose and demonstrate a purely antiferromagnetic magnetoelectric random access memory (AF-MERAM) that offers a remarkable 50-fold reduction of the writing threshold compared with ferromagnet-based counterparts, is robust against magnetic disturbances and exhibits no ferromagnetic hysteresis losses. Using the magnetoelectric antiferromagnet Cr2O3, we demonstrate reliable isothermal switching via gate voltage pulses and all-electric readout at room temperature. As no ferromagnetic component is present in the system, the writing magnetic field does not need to be pulsed for readout, allowing permanent magnets to be used. Based on our prototypes, we construct a comprehensive model of the magnetoelectric selection mechanisms in thin films of magnetoelectric antiferromagnets, revealing misfit induced ferrimagnetism as an important factor. Beyond memory applications, the AF-MERAM concept introduces a general all-electric interface for antiferromagnets and should find wide applicability in antiferromagnetic spintronics.

  7. Purely antiferromagnetic magnetoelectric random access memory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kosub, Tobias; Kopte, Martin; Hühne, Ruben; Appel, Patrick; Shields, Brendan; Maletinsky, Patrick; Hübner, René; Liedke, Maciej Oskar; Fassbender, Jürgen; Schmidt, Oliver G.; Makarov, Denys

    2017-01-01

    Magnetic random access memory schemes employing magnetoelectric coupling to write binary information promise outstanding energy efficiency. We propose and demonstrate a purely antiferromagnetic magnetoelectric random access memory (AF-MERAM) that offers a remarkable 50-fold reduction of the writing threshold compared with ferromagnet-based counterparts, is robust against magnetic disturbances and exhibits no ferromagnetic hysteresis losses. Using the magnetoelectric antiferromagnet Cr2O3, we demonstrate reliable isothermal switching via gate voltage pulses and all-electric readout at room temperature. As no ferromagnetic component is present in the system, the writing magnetic field does not need to be pulsed for readout, allowing permanent magnets to be used. Based on our prototypes, we construct a comprehensive model of the magnetoelectric selection mechanisms in thin films of magnetoelectric antiferromagnets, revealing misfit induced ferrimagnetism as an important factor. Beyond memory applications, the AF-MERAM concept introduces a general all-electric interface for antiferromagnets and should find wide applicability in antiferromagnetic spintronics.

  8. Nonthermal antiferromagnetic order and nonequilibrium criticality in the Hubbard model.

    PubMed

    Tsuji, Naoto; Eckstein, Martin; Werner, Philipp

    2013-03-29

    We study dynamical phase transitions from antiferromagnetic to paramagnetic states driven by an interaction quench in the fermionic Hubbard model using the nonequilibrium dynamical mean-field theory. We identify two dynamical transition points where the relaxation behavior qualitatively changes: one corresponds to the thermal phase transition at which the order parameter decays critically slowly in a power law ∝t(-1/2), and the other is connected to the existence of nonthermal antiferromagnetic order in systems with effective temperature above the thermal critical temperature. The frequency of the amplitude mode extrapolates to zero as one approaches the nonthermal (quasi)critical point, and thermalization is significantly delayed by the trapping in the nonthermal state. A slow relaxation of the nonthermal order is followed by a faster thermalization process.

  9. Ferro- and antiferro-magnetism in (Np, Pu)BC

    SciTech Connect

    Klimczuk, T.; Kozub, A. L.; Griveau, J.-C.; Colineau, E.; Wastin, F.; Falmbigl, M.; Rogl, P.

    2015-04-01

    Two new transuranium metal boron carbides, NpBC and PuBC, have been synthesized. Rietveld refinements of powder XRD patterns of (Np,Pu)BC confirmed in both cases isotypism with the structure type of UBC. Temperature dependent magnetic susceptibility data reveal antiferromagnetic ordering for PuBC below T{sub N} = 44 K, whereas ferromagnetic ordering was found for NpBC below T{sub C} = 61 K. Heat capacity measurements prove the bulk character of the observed magnetic transition for both compounds. The total energy electronic band structure calculations support formation of the ferromagnetic ground state for NpBC and the antiferromagnetic ground state for PuBC.

  10. Ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic order in bacterial vortex lattices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wioland, Hugo; Woodhouse, Francis G.; Dunkel, Jörn; Goldstein, Raymond E.; Goldstein Lab Team

    2013-11-01

    In conventional electronic materials, spins can organize into ordered phases that give rise to ferromagnetic or antiferromagnetic behavior. Here, we report similar observations in a completely different system: a suspension of swimming bacteria. When a dense Bacillus subtilis suspension is confined to a small circular chamber, it can spontaneously form a stable vortex (``spin'') state that can persist for several minutes. By coupling up to 100 such chambers in microfluidic devices, we are able to realize bacterial spin lattices of different geometries. Depending on that geometry and the effective coupling strength between neighboring vortices, we observe the formation of stable ``antiferromagnetic'' and ``ferromagnetic'' bacterial vortex states, that appear to be controlled by the subtle competition between bacterial boundary layer flows and bulk dynamics.

  11. Singular field response and singular screening of vacancies in antiferromagnets.

    PubMed

    Wollny, Alexander; Andrade, Eric C; Vojta, Matthias

    2012-10-26

    For isolated vacancies in ordered local-moment antiferromagnets we show that the magnetic-field linear-response limit is generically singular: The magnetic moment associated with a vacancy in zero field is different from that in a finite field h in the limit h→0(+). The origin is a universal and singular screening cloud, which moreover leads to perfect screening as h→0(+) for magnets which display spin-flop bulk states in the weak-field limit.

  12. Antiferromagnetic topological nodal line semimetals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Jing

    2017-08-01

    We study three-dimensional nodal line semimetals (NLSMs) with magnetic ordering and strong spin-orbit interaction. Two distinct classes of magnetic NLSMs are proposed. The first class is band-inversion NLSM where the accidental line node is induced by band inversion and locally protected by glide mirror plane and the combined time-reversal and inversion symmetries. This can be viewed as a trivial stacking of the two-dimensional antiferromagnetic Dirac semimetals. The second class is essential NLSM where the nodal features are filling enforced by specific magnetic symmetry group. We further provide two concrete tight-binding models for magnetic NLSMs which belong to these two different classes, respectively. We conclude with a brief discussion on the possible material venues and the experimental implications for such phases.

  13. Spin Superfluidity in Biaxial Antiferromagnetic Insulators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qaiumzadeh, Alireza; Skarsvâg, Hans; Holmqvist, Cecilia; Brataas, Arne

    2017-03-01

    Antiferromagnets may exhibit spin superfluidity since the dipole interaction is weak. We seek to establish that this phenomenon occurs in insulators such as NiO, which is a good spin conductor according to previous studies. We investigate nonlocal spin transport in a planar antiferromagnetic insulator with a weak uniaxial anisotropy. The anisotropy hinders spin superfluidity by creating a substantial threshold that the current must overcome. Nevertheless, we show that applying a high magnetic field removes this obstacle near the spin-flop transition of the antiferromagnet. Importantly, the spin superfluidity can then persist across many micrometers, even in dirty samples.

  14. Antiferromagnetic spin flop and exchange bias

    SciTech Connect

    Nogues, J.; Morellon, L.; Leighton, C.; Ibarra, M. R.; Schuller, Ivan K.

    2000-03-01

    The effect of the antiferromagnetic spin flop on exchange bias has been investigated in antiferromagnetic (MnF{sub 2})-ferromagnetic (Fe) bilayers. Cooling and measuring in fields larger than the antiferromagnetic spin-flop field, H{sub SF}, causes an irreversible reduction of the magnitude of the exchange bias field, H{sub E}. This indicates that, contrary to what is normally assumed, the interface spin structure does not remain ''frozen in'' below T{sub N} if large enough fields are applied. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society.

  15. Jamming behavior of domains in a spiral antiferromagnetic system.

    PubMed

    Chen, S-W; Guo, H; Seu, K A; Dumesnil, K; Roy, S; Sinha, S K

    2013-05-24

    Using resonant magnetic x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy, we show that the domains of a spiral antiferromagnet enter a jammed state at the onset of long-range order. We find that the slow thermal fluctuations of the domain walls exhibit a compressed exponential relaxation with an exponent of 1.5 found in a wide variety of solidlike jammed systems and can be qualitatively explained in terms of stress release in a stressed network. As the temperature decreases, the energy barrier for fluctuations becomes large enough to arrest further domain wall fluctuations, and the domains freeze into a spatial configuration within 10 K of the Néel temperature. The relaxation times can be fitted with the Vogel-Fulcher law as observed in polymers, glasses, and colloids, thereby indicating that the dynamics of domain walls in an ordered antiferromagnet exhibit some of the universal features associated with jamming behavior.

  16. Peculiarities of stochastic motion in antiferromagnetic nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gomonay, H.; Loktev, V.

    2013-01-01

    Antiferromagnetic (AFM) materials are widely used in spintronic devices as passive elements (for stabilization of ferromagnetic layers) and as active elements (for information coding). In both cases the switching between different AFM states, to a great extent depends on the environmental noise. In the present paper we derive stochastic Langevian equations for an AFM vector and a corresponding Fokker-Plank equation for a distribution function in the phase space of generalised coordinate and momentum. Thermal noise is modelled by a random delta-correlated magnetic field that interacts with the dynamic magnetisation of AFM particle. We scrupulously analyse a particular case of a collinear compensated AFM in the presence of spin-polarised current. The energy distribution function is found for normal modes in the vicinity of two equilibrium states (static and stationary) in sub- and super-critical regimes. It is shown that the noise-induced dynamics of AFM vector has some pecuilarities compared to the dynamics of magnetisation vector in ferromagnets.

  17. Order-disorder quantum phase transition in the quasi-one-dimensional spin-1/2 collinear antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model.

    PubMed

    Rufo, Sabrina; Mendonça, Griffith; Plascak, J A; de Sousa, J Ricardo

    2013-09-01

    The ground-state properties of the quasi-one-dimensional spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model is investigated by using a variational method. Spins on chains along the x direction are antiferromagnetically coupled with exchange J>0, while spins between chains in the y direction are coupled either ferromagnetically (J' < 0) or antiferromagnetically (J' > 0). The staggered and the colinear antiferromagnetic magnetizations are computed and their dependence on the anisotropy parameter λ=|J'|/J is analyzed. It is found that an infinitesimal interchain coupling parameter is sufficient to stabilize a long-range order with either a staggered magnetization m_{s} (J' > 0) or a colinear antiferromagnetic magnetization m_{caf} (J' < 0), both behaving as ≃λ¹/² for λ → 0.

  18. Antiferromagnetic order induced by gadolinium substitution in Bi{sub 2}Se{sub 3} single crystals

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, S. W.; Jung, M. H.; Vrtnik, S.; Dolinšek, J.

    2015-06-22

    Magnetic topological insulators can serve as a fundamental platform for various spin-based device applications. We report the antiferromagnetic order induced by the magnetic impurity dopants of Gd in Gd{sub x}Bi{sub 2−x}Se{sub 3} and the systematic results with varying the Gd concentration x ( = 0.14, 0.20, 0.30, and 0.40). The antiferromagnetic order is demonstrated by the magnetic susceptibility, electrical resistivity, and specific heat measurements. The anomaly observed at T{sub N} = 6 K for x ≥ 0.30 shifts towards lower temperature with increasing the magnetic field, indicative of antiferromagnetic ground state. The Gd substitution into Bi{sub 2}Se{sub 3} enables not only tuning the magnetism from paramagnetic to antiferromagnetic for high x (≥ 0.30) but also giving a promising candidate for antiferromagnetic topological insulators.

  19. Solitonlike magnetization textures in noncollinear antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ulloa, Camilo; Nunez, A. S.

    2016-04-01

    We show that proper control of magnetization textures can be achieved in noncollinear antiferromagnets. This opens the versatile toolbox of domain-wall manipulation in the context of a different family of materials. In this way, we show that noncollinear antiferromagnets are a good prospect for applications in the context of antiferromagnetic spintronics. As in many noncollinear antiferromagnets, the order parameter field takes values in SO(3). By performing a gradient expansion in the energy functional we derive an effective theory that accounts for the physics of the magnetization of long-wavelength excitations. We apply our formalism to static and dynamic textures such as domain walls and localized oscillations, and identify topologically protected textures that are spatially localized. Our results are applicable to the exchange-bias materials Mn3X , with X =Ir,Rh,Pt .

  20. Indirect control of antiferromagnetic domain walls with spin current.

    PubMed

    Wieser, R; Vedmedenko, E Y; Wiesendanger, R

    2011-02-11

    The indirect controlled displacement of an antiferromagnetic domain wall by a spin current is studied by Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert spin dynamics. The antiferromagnetic domain wall can be shifted both by a spin-polarized tunnel current of a scanning tunneling microscope or by a current driven ferromagnetic domain wall in an exchange coupled antiferromagnetic-ferromagnetic layer system. The indirect control of antiferromagnetic domain walls opens up a new and promising direction for future spin device applications based on antiferromagnetic materials.

  1. Synthetic antiferromagnetic nanoparticles with tunable susceptibilities

    PubMed Central

    Hu, Wei; Wilson, Robert J.; Earhart, Christopher M.; Koh, Ai Leen; Sinclair, Robert; Wang, Shan X.

    2009-01-01

    High-moment monodisperse disk-shaped Co–Fe magnetic nanoparticles, stable in aqueous solution, were physically fabricated by using nanoimprinted templates and vacuum deposition techniques. These multilayer synthetic antiferromagnetic nanoparticles exhibit nearly zero magnetic remanence and coercivity, and susceptibilities which can be tuned by exploiting interlayer magnetic interactions. In addition, a low cost method of scaling up the production of sub-100 nm synthetic antiferromagnetic nanoparticles is demonstrated. PMID:19529797

  2. Kinetic antiferromagnetism in the triangular lattice.

    PubMed

    Haerter, Jan O; Shastry, B Sriram

    2005-08-19

    We show that the motion of a single hole in the infinite-U Hubbard model with frustrated hopping leads to weak metallic antiferromagnetism of kinetic origin. An intimate relationship is demonstrated between the simplest versions of this problem in one and two dimensions, and two of the most subtle many body problems, namely, the Heisenberg Bethe ring in one dimension and the two-dimensional triangular lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet.

  3. Antiferromagnetic domains and the spin{endash}flop transition in MnF{sub 2} (abstract)

    SciTech Connect

    Felcher, G.P.; Kleb, R.; Jaccarino, V.

    1997-04-01

    Polarized neutron diffraction measurements were carried out on a single crystal of anti- ferromagnetic MnF{sub 2} at different magnetic fields up to the spin{endash}flop transition. This compound orders antiferromagnetically below 67 K, and the magnetic moments of the two manganese atoms in the rutile structure are aligned antiferromagnetically along the tetragonal axis of the crystalline cell. By applying a magnetic field of H=9.27 T (at 4.2 K) along the axis the antiferromagnetic moments flop in the basal plane. From the polarization dependence of the (210) reflection it was found that just below the spin{endash}flop field the entire crystal becomes aligned in a single antiferromagnetic domain, and remains in such state even after the field is removed. The symmetry relations of the polarization for neutron diffraction peaks in different quadrants of the [001] zone were analyzed in the paramagnetic, antiferromagnetic, and spin{endash}flop regions (here polarization analysis sorted out the axial and basal plane components of the sublattice magnetization). In the spin{endash}flop region the magnetization induced along the tetragonal axis was found to be different for the two manganese atoms, an effect quantitatively explained by the misalignment of a fraction of degree of the applied field with the crystal axis. What is remarkable here is that a minute breakdown of symmetry provides a way to control antiferromagnetic domains. {copyright}{ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  4. Magnetoresistive detection of strongly pinned uncompensated magnetization in antiferromagnetic FeMn

    DOE PAGES

    Lapa, Pavel N.; Roshchin, Igor V.; Ding, Junjia; ...

    2017-01-17

    Here we observed and studied pinned uncompensated magnetization in an antiferromagnet using magnetoresistance measurements. For this, we developed antiferromagnet-ferromagnet spin valves (AFSVs) that consist of an antiferromagnetic layer and a ferromagnetic one, separated by a nonmagnetic conducting spacer. In an AFSV, the uncompensated magnetization in the antiferromagnet affects scattering of spin-polarized electrons giving rise to giant magnetoresitance (GMR). By measuring angular dependence of AFSVs' resistance, we detected pinned uncompensated magnetization responsible for the exchange bias effect in an antiferromagnet- only exchange bias system Cu/FeMn/Cu. The fact that GMR measured in this system persists up to 110 kOe indicates that themore » scattering occurs on strongly pinned uncompensated magnetic moments in FeMn. This strong pinning can be explained if this pinned uncompensated magnetization is a thermodynamically stable state and coupled to the antiferromagnetic order parameter. Finally, using the AFSV technique, we confirmed that the two interfaces between FeMn and Cu are magnetically different: The uncompensated magnetization is pinned only at the interface with the bottom Cu layer.« less

  5. Magnetoresistive detection of strongly pinned uncompensated magnetization in antiferromagnetic FeMn

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lapa, Pavel N.; Roshchin, Igor V.; Ding, Junjia; Pearson, John. E.; Novosad, Valentine; Jiang, J. S.; Hoffmann, Axel

    2017-01-01

    We observed and studied pinned uncompensated magnetization in an antiferromagnet using magnetoresistance measurements. For this, we developed antiferromagnet-ferromagnet spin valves (AFSVs) that consist of an antiferromagnetic layer and a ferromagnetic one, separated by a nonmagnetic conducting spacer. In an AFSV, the uncompensated magnetization in the antiferromagnet affects scattering of spin-polarized electrons giving rise to giant magnetoresitance (GMR). By measuring angular dependence of AFSVs' resistance, we detected pinned uncompensated magnetization responsible for the exchange bias effect in an antiferromagnet-only exchange bias system Cu/FeMn/Cu. The fact that GMR measured in this system persists up to 110 kOe indicates that the scattering occurs on strongly pinned uncompensated magnetic moments in FeMn. This strong pinning can be explained if this pinned uncompensated magnetization is a thermodynamically stable state and coupled to the antiferromagnetic order parameter. Using the AFSV technique, we confirmed that the two interfaces between FeMn and Cu are magnetically different: The uncompensated magnetization is pinned only at the interface with the bottom Cu layer.

  6. Roughness effects in uncompensated antiferromagnets

    SciTech Connect

    Charilaou, M.; Hellman, F.

    2015-02-28

    Monte Carlo simulations show that roughness in uncompensated antiferromagnets decreases not just the surface magnetization but also the net magnetization and particularly strongly affects the temperature dependence. In films with step-type roughness, each step creates a new compensation front that decreases the global net magnetization. The saturation magnetization decreases non-monotonically with increasing roughness and does not scale with the surface area. Roughness in the form of surface vacancies changes the temperature-dependence of the magnetization; when only one surface has vacancies, the saturation magnetization will decrease linearly with surface occupancy, whereas when both surfaces have vacancies, the magnetization is negative and exhibits a compensation point at finite temperature, which can be tuned by controlling the occupancy. Roughness also affects the spin-texture of the surfaces due to long-range dipolar interactions and generates non-collinear spin configurations that could be used in devices to produce locally modified exchange bias. These results explain the strongly reduced magnetization found in magnetometry experiments and furthers our understanding of the temperature-dependence of exchange bias.

  7. Ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic orderings in wurtzite diluted magnetic nanostructures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tronc, P.; Kitaev, Yu. E.; Hayn, R.; Strelchuk, V.; Kolomys, O.

    2017-10-01

    Using a new approach based on symmetry analysis, we have determined the magnetic symmetry groups (Shubnikov groups) of ferro- and antiferromagnetic wurtzite nanostructures doped with magnetic atoms periodically distributed at cation sites as well as the direction of the spontaneous magnetic field. Quantum wells, nanorods (nanowires), nanotubes, and quantum dots have been considered. The direction of the spontaneous magnetic field is determined by magnetic atoms with higher C3v (3m) or Cs (m) site symmetry group (the site symmetry group is defined with respect to the doped nanostructure). When the magnetic-atom distribution becomes more or less disordered (Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors), it seems reasonable to assume that, in most of the cases, the symmetry in regions with a size of some wurtzite unit-cells remains close to that of a periodic one, hence possibly inducing local ferro- or antiferromagnetic properties. The regions can induce overall ferro- or antiferromagnetic states when they have common spontaneous magnetic field direction or, possibly, induce easy-magnetization direction or plane (direction or plane of maximal magnetization intensity for a given external magnetic field strength) when disorder imposes a spread of spontaneous magnetic field direction over the various regions. Of course, such an effect adds itself to magnetic properties eventually induced by grain boundaries, other crystalline phases, and defects such as vacancies, dislocations or interstitial atoms.

  8. Large anomalous Hall effect in a half-Heusler antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suzuki, T.; Chisnell, R.; Devarakonda, A.; Liu, Y.-T.; Feng, W.; Xiao, D.; Lynn, J. W.; Checkelsky, J. G.

    2016-12-01

    The quantum mechanical (Berry) phase of the electronic wavefunction plays a critical role in the anomalous and spin Hall effects, including their quantized limits. While progress has been made in understanding these effects in ferromagnets, less is known in antiferromagnetic systems. Here we present a study of antiferromagnet GdPtBi, whose electronic structure is similar to that of the topologically non-trivial HgTe (refs ,,), and where the Gd ions offer the possibility to tune the Berry phase via control of the spin texture. We show that this system supports an anomalous Hall angle ΘAH > 0.1, comparable to the largest observed in bulk ferromagnets and significantly larger than in other antiferromagnets. Neutron scattering measurements and electronic structure calculations suggest that this effect originates from avoided crossing or Weyl points that develop near the Fermi level due to a breaking of combined time-reversal and lattice symmetries. Berry phase effects associated with such symmetry breaking have recently been explored in kagome networks; our results extend this to half-Heusler systems with non-trivial band topology. The magnetic textures indicated here may also provide pathways towards realizing the topological insulating and semimetallic states predicted in this material class.

  9. Specific heat and low-lying excitations in the mixed state for a type-II superconductor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nakai, N.; Miranović, P.; Ichioka, M.; Machida, K.

    2006-05-01

    Low temperature behavior of the electronic specific heat C(T) in the mixed state is by the self-consistent calculation of the Eilenberger theory. In addition to the γT -term ( γ is a Sommerfeld coefficient), C(T) has a significant contribution of T2 -term intrinsic in the vortex state. We identify the origin of the T2 term as (i) V-shape density of states in the vortex state and (ii) the Kramer-Pesch effect of vortex-core shrinking upon lowering T . These results for both full-gap and line-node cases reveal that the vortex core is a richer electronic structure beyond the normal core picture.

  10. Competing antiferromagnetism in a quasi-2D itinerant ferromagnet: Fe3GeTe2

    SciTech Connect

    Yi, Jieyu; Zhuang, Houlong; Zou, Qiang; Wu, Zhiming; Cao, Guixin; Tang, Siwei; Calder, S. A.; Kent, P. R. C.; Mandrus, David; Gai, Zheng

    2016-11-15

    Fe3GeTe2 is known as an air-stable layered metal with itinerant ferromagnetism with a transition temperature of about 220 K. From extensive dc and ac magnetic measurements, we have determined that the ferromagnetic layers of Fe3GeTe2 order antiferromagnetically along the c-axis blow 152 K. The antiferromagnetic state was further substantiated by theoretical calculation to be the ground state. A magnetic structure model was proposed to describe the antiferromagnetic ground state as well as competition between antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic states. Furthermore, Fe3GeTe2 shares many common features with pnictide superconductors and may be a promising system in which to search for unconventional superconductivity.

  11. Fermi surface reconstruction in hole-doped t-J models without long-range antiferromagnetic order

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Punk, Matthias; Sachdev, Subir

    2012-05-01

    We calculate the Fermi surface of electrons in hole-doped, extended t-J models on a square lattice in a regime where no long-range antiferromagnetic order is present, and no symmetries are broken. Using the “spinon-dopon” formalism of Ribeiro and Wen, we show that short-range antiferromagnetic correlations lead to a reconstruction of the Fermi surface into hole pockets which are not necessarily centered at the antiferromagnetic Brillouin zone boundary. The Brillouin zone area enclosed by the Fermi surface is proportional to the density of dopants away from half-filling, in contrast to the conventional Luttinger theorem, which counts the total electron density. This state realizes a “fractionalized Fermi liquid” (FL*), which has been proposed as a possible ground state of the underdoped cuprates; we note connections to recent experiments. We also discuss the quantum phase transition from the FL* state to the Fermi liquid state with long-range antiferromagnetic order.

  12. Symmetry Reduction in the Quantum Kagome Antiferromagnet Herbertsmithite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zorko, A.; Herak, M.; Gomilšek, M.; van Tol, J.; Velázquez, M.; Khuntia, P.; Bert, F.; Mendels, P.

    2017-01-01

    Employing complementary torque magnetometry and electron spin resonance on single crystals of herbertsmithite, the closest realization to date of a quantum kagome antiferromagnet featuring a spin-liquid ground state, we provide novel insight into different contributions to its magnetism. At low temperatures, two distinct types of defects with different magnetic couplings to the kagome spins are found. Surprisingly, their magnetic response contradicts the threefold symmetry of the ideal kagome lattice, suggesting the presence of a global structural distortion that may be related to the establishment of the spin-liquid ground state.

  13. Symmetry Reduction in the Quantum Kagome Antiferromagnet Herbertsmithite.

    PubMed

    Zorko, A; Herak, M; Gomilšek, M; van Tol, J; Velázquez, M; Khuntia, P; Bert, F; Mendels, P

    2017-01-06

    Employing complementary torque magnetometry and electron spin resonance on single crystals of herbertsmithite, the closest realization to date of a quantum kagome antiferromagnet featuring a spin-liquid ground state, we provide novel insight into different contributions to its magnetism. At low temperatures, two distinct types of defects with different magnetic couplings to the kagome spins are found. Surprisingly, their magnetic response contradicts the threefold symmetry of the ideal kagome lattice, suggesting the presence of a global structural distortion that may be related to the establishment of the spin-liquid ground state.

  14. Antiferromagnetic Skyrmion: Stability, Creation and Manipulation.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Xichao; Zhou, Yan; Ezawa, Motohiko

    2016-04-21

    Magnetic skyrmions are particle-like topological excitations in ferromagnets, which have the topo-logical number Q = ± 1, and hence show the skyrmion Hall effect (SkHE) due to the Magnus force effect originating from the topology. Here, we propose the counterpart of the magnetic skyrmion in the antiferromagnetic (AFM) system, that is, the AFM skyrmion, which is topologically protected but without showing the SkHE. Two approaches for creating the AFM skyrmion have been described based on micromagnetic lattice simulations: (i) by injecting a vertical spin-polarized current to a nanodisk with the AFM ground state; (ii) by converting an AFM domain-wall pair in a nanowire junction. It is demonstrated that the AFM skyrmion, driven by the spin-polarized current, can move straightly over long distance, benefiting from the absence of the SkHE. Our results will open a new strategy on designing the novel spintronic devices based on AFM materials.

  15. Antiferromagnetic Skyrmion: Stability, Creation and Manipulation

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Xichao; Zhou, Yan; Ezawa, Motohiko

    2016-01-01

    Magnetic skyrmions are particle-like topological excitations in ferromagnets, which have the topo-logical number Q = ± 1, and hence show the skyrmion Hall effect (SkHE) due to the Magnus force effect originating from the topology. Here, we propose the counterpart of the magnetic skyrmion in the antiferromagnetic (AFM) system, that is, the AFM skyrmion, which is topologically protected but without showing the SkHE. Two approaches for creating the AFM skyrmion have been described based on micromagnetic lattice simulations: (i) by injecting a vertical spin-polarized current to a nanodisk with the AFM ground state; (ii) by converting an AFM domain-wall pair in a nanowire junction. It is demonstrated that the AFM skyrmion, driven by the spin-polarized current, can move straightly over long distance, benefiting from the absence of the SkHE. Our results will open a new strategy on designing the novel spintronic devices based on AFM materials. PMID:27099125

  16. Nonequilibrium antiferromagnetic mixed-spin Ising model.

    PubMed

    Godoy, Mauricio; Figueiredo, Wagner

    2002-09-01

    We studied an antiferromagnetic mixed-spin Ising model on the square lattice subject to two competing stochastic processes. The model system consists of two interpenetrating sublattices of spins sigma=1/2 and S=1, and we take only nearest neighbor interactions between pairs of spins. The system is in contact with a heat bath at temperature T, and the exchange of energy with the heat bath occurs via one-spin flip (Glauber dynamics). Besides, the system interacts with an external agency of energy, which supplies energy to it whenever two nearest neighboring spins are simultaneously flipped. By employing Monte Carlo simulations and a dynamical pair approximation, we found the phase diagram for the stationary states of the model in the plane temperature T versus the competition parameter between one- and two-spin flips p. We observed the appearance of three distinct phases, that are separated by continuous transition lines. We also determined the static critical exponents along these lines and we showed that this nonequilibrium model belongs to the universality class of the two-dimensional equilibrium Ising model.

  17. Antiferromagnetic Skyrmion: Stability, Creation and Manipulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Xichao; Zhou, Yan; Ezawa, Motohiko

    2016-04-01

    Magnetic skyrmions are particle-like topological excitations in ferromagnets, which have the topo-logical number Q = ± 1, and hence show the skyrmion Hall effect (SkHE) due to the Magnus force effect originating from the topology. Here, we propose the counterpart of the magnetic skyrmion in the antiferromagnetic (AFM) system, that is, the AFM skyrmion, which is topologically protected but without showing the SkHE. Two approaches for creating the AFM skyrmion have been described based on micromagnetic lattice simulations: (i) by injecting a vertical spin-polarized current to a nanodisk with the AFM ground state; (ii) by converting an AFM domain-wall pair in a nanowire junction. It is demonstrated that the AFM skyrmion, driven by the spin-polarized current, can move straightly over long distance, benefiting from the absence of the SkHE. Our results will open a new strategy on designing the novel spintronic devices based on AFM materials.

  18. Exchange bias mechanism at the ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic interface with rotatable antiferromagnetic spins: A Monte Carlo study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Yong; Wang, Yuying; Chi, Xiaodan; Li, Xuesi; Du, An; Shi, Feng

    2017-08-01

    We perform modified Monte Carlo simulations on a ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic bilayer structure with adjustable antiferromagnetic anisotropy and degree of exchange coupling. Generally, both the antiferromagnetic anisotropy and the degree of exchange coupling at the ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic interface are difficult to be directly detected experimentally. However, they may play crucial roles in establishing the exchange bias properties through determining whether the antiferromagnetic spins at the interface are rotatable or pinned. Therefore, we precisely calculated the numbers of rotatable and pinned antiferromagnetic spins at the interface and analyzed their contribution to exchange bias and coercivity in the specified ranges of antiferromagnetic anisotropy and degree of exchange coupling. The simulation results may help to clarify the experimental controversies concerning the occurrence of exchange bias effect prior to the detection of pinned uncompensated antiferromagnetic spins. They can also be used to properly interpret the dependence of exchange bias on several-nanometer antiferromagnetic layer thicknesses.

  19. Antiferromagnetic Domain Wall Motion Driven by Spin-Orbit Torques.

    PubMed

    Shiino, Takayuki; Oh, Se-Hyeok; Haney, Paul M; Lee, Seo-Won; Go, Gyungchoon; Park, Byong-Guk; Lee, Kyung-Jin

    2016-08-19

    We theoretically investigate the dynamics of antiferromagnetic domain walls driven by spin-orbit torques in antiferromagnet-heavy-metal bilayers. We show that spin-orbit torques drive antiferromagnetic domain walls much faster than ferromagnetic domain walls. As the domain wall velocity approaches the maximum spin-wave group velocity, the domain wall undergoes Lorentz contraction and emits spin waves in the terahertz frequency range. The interplay between spin-orbit torques and the relativistic dynamics of antiferromagnetic domain walls leads to the efficient manipulation of antiferromagnetic spin textures and paves the way for the generation of high frequency signals from antiferromagnets.

  20. Antiferromagnetic domain wall motion driven by spin-orbit torques

    PubMed Central

    Shiino, Takayuki; Oh, Se-Hyeok; Haney, Paul M.; Lee, Seo-Won; Go, Gyungchoon; Park, Byong-Guk; Lee, Kyung-Jin

    2016-01-01

    We theoretically investigate dynamics of antiferromagnetic domain walls driven by spin-orbit torques in antiferromagnet/heavy metal bilayers. We show that spin-orbit torques drive antiferromagnetic domain walls much faster than ferromagnetic domain walls. As the domain wall velocity approaches the maximum spin-wave group velocity, the domain wall undergoes Lorentz contraction and emits spin-waves in the terahertz frequency range. The interplay between spin-orbit torques and the relativistic dynamics of antiferromagnetic domain walls leads to the efficient manipulation of antiferromagnetic spin textures and paves the way for the generation of high frequency signals from antiferromagnets. PMID:27588878

  1. Purely antiferromagnetic magnetoelectric random access memory

    PubMed Central

    Kosub, Tobias; Kopte, Martin; Hühne, Ruben; Appel, Patrick; Shields, Brendan; Maletinsky, Patrick; Hübner, René; Liedke, Maciej Oskar; Fassbender, Jürgen; Schmidt, Oliver G.; Makarov, Denys

    2017-01-01

    Magnetic random access memory schemes employing magnetoelectric coupling to write binary information promise outstanding energy efficiency. We propose and demonstrate a purely antiferromagnetic magnetoelectric random access memory (AF-MERAM) that offers a remarkable 50-fold reduction of the writing threshold compared with ferromagnet-based counterparts, is robust against magnetic disturbances and exhibits no ferromagnetic hysteresis losses. Using the magnetoelectric antiferromagnet Cr2O3, we demonstrate reliable isothermal switching via gate voltage pulses and all-electric readout at room temperature. As no ferromagnetic component is present in the system, the writing magnetic field does not need to be pulsed for readout, allowing permanent magnets to be used. Based on our prototypes, we construct a comprehensive model of the magnetoelectric selection mechanisms in thin films of magnetoelectric antiferromagnets, revealing misfit induced ferrimagnetism as an important factor. Beyond memory applications, the AF-MERAM concept introduces a general all-electric interface for antiferromagnets and should find wide applicability in antiferromagnetic spintronics. PMID:28045029

  2. Multiple-stable anisotropic magnetoresistance memory in antiferromagnetic MnTe

    PubMed Central

    Kriegner, D.; Výborný, K.; Olejník, K.; Reichlová, H.; Novák, V.; Marti, X.; Gazquez, J.; Saidl, V.; Němec, P.; Volobuev, V. V.; Springholz, G.; Holý, V.; Jungwirth, T.

    2016-01-01

    Commercial magnetic memories rely on the bistability of ordered spins in ferromagnetic materials. Recently, experimental bistable memories have been realized using fully compensated antiferromagnetic metals. Here we demonstrate a multiple-stable memory device in epitaxial MnTe, an antiferromagnetic counterpart of common II–VI semiconductors. Favourable micromagnetic characteristics of MnTe allow us to demonstrate a smoothly varying zero-field antiferromagnetic anisotropic magnetoresistance (AMR) with a harmonic angular dependence on the writing magnetic field angle, analogous to ferromagnets. The continuously varying AMR provides means for the electrical read-out of multiple-stable antiferromagnetic memory states, which we set by heat-assisted magneto-recording and by changing the writing field direction. The multiple stability in our memory is ascribed to different distributions of domains with the Néel vector aligned along one of the three magnetic easy axes. The robustness against strong magnetic field perturbations combined with the multiple stability of the magnetic memory states are unique properties of antiferromagnets. PMID:27279433

  3. Multiple-stable anisotropic magnetoresistance memory in antiferromagnetic MnTe.

    PubMed

    Kriegner, D; Výborný, K; Olejník, K; Reichlová, H; Novák, V; Marti, X; Gazquez, J; Saidl, V; Němec, P; Volobuev, V V; Springholz, G; Holý, V; Jungwirth, T

    2016-06-09

    Commercial magnetic memories rely on the bistability of ordered spins in ferromagnetic materials. Recently, experimental bistable memories have been realized using fully compensated antiferromagnetic metals. Here we demonstrate a multiple-stable memory device in epitaxial MnTe, an antiferromagnetic counterpart of common II-VI semiconductors. Favourable micromagnetic characteristics of MnTe allow us to demonstrate a smoothly varying zero-field antiferromagnetic anisotropic magnetoresistance (AMR) with a harmonic angular dependence on the writing magnetic field angle, analogous to ferromagnets. The continuously varying AMR provides means for the electrical read-out of multiple-stable antiferromagnetic memory states, which we set by heat-assisted magneto-recording and by changing the writing field direction. The multiple stability in our memory is ascribed to different distributions of domains with the Néel vector aligned along one of the three magnetic easy axes. The robustness against strong magnetic field perturbations combined with the multiple stability of the magnetic memory states are unique properties of antiferromagnets.

  4. Itinerant Antiferromagnetism in RuO2

    DOE PAGES

    Berlijn, Tom; Snijders, Paul C.; Delaire, Oliver A.; ...

    2017-02-15

    Bulk rutile RuO2 has long been considered a Pauli paramagnet. Here, in this article, we report that RuO2 exhibits a hitherto undetected lattice distortion below approximately 900 K. The distortion is accompanied by antiferromagnetic order up to at least 300 K with a small room temperature magnetic moment of approximately 0.05μB as evidenced by polarized neutron diffraction. Density functional theory plus U(DFT+U) calculations indicate that antiferromagnetism is favored even for small values of the Hubbard U of the order of 1 eV. The antiferromagnetism may be traced to a Fermi surface instability, lifting the band degeneracy imposed by the rutilemore » crystal field. The combination of high Néel temperature and small itinerant moments make RuO2 unique among ruthenate compounds and among oxide materials in general.« less

  5. Antiferromagnetic Spin Wave Field-Effect Transistor

    PubMed Central

    Cheng, Ran; Daniels, Matthew W.; Zhu, Jian-Gang; Xiao, Di

    2016-01-01

    In a collinear antiferromagnet with easy-axis anisotropy, symmetry dictates that the spin wave modes must be doubly degenerate. Theses two modes, distinguished by their opposite polarization and available only in antiferromagnets, give rise to a novel degree of freedom to encode and process information. We show that the spin wave polarization can be manipulated by an electric field induced Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction and magnetic anisotropy. We propose a prototype spin wave field-effect transistor which realizes a gate-tunable magnonic analog of the Faraday effect, and demonstrate its application in THz signal modulation. Our findings open up the exciting possibility of digital data processing utilizing antiferromagnetic spin waves and enable the direct projection of optical computing concepts onto the mesoscopic scale. PMID:27048928

  6. Itinerant Antiferromagnetism in RuO2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Berlijn, T.; Snijders, P. C.; Delaire, O.; Zhou, H.-D.; Maier, T. A.; Cao, H.-B.; Chi, S.-X.; Matsuda, M.; Wang, Y.; Koehler, M. R.; Kent, P. R. C.; Weitering, H. H.

    2017-02-01

    Bulk rutile RuO2 has long been considered a Pauli paramagnet. Here we report that RuO2 exhibits a hitherto undetected lattice distortion below approximately 900 K. The distortion is accompanied by antiferromagnetic order up to at least 300 K with a small room temperature magnetic moment of approximately 0.05 μB as evidenced by polarized neutron diffraction. Density functional theory plus U (DFT +U ) calculations indicate that antiferromagnetism is favored even for small values of the Hubbard U of the order of 1 eV. The antiferromagnetism may be traced to a Fermi surface instability, lifting the band degeneracy imposed by the rutile crystal field. The combination of high Néel temperature and small itinerant moments make RuO2 unique among ruthenate compounds and among oxide materials in general.

  7. Antiferromagnetic Spin Wave Field-Effect Transistor

    SciTech Connect

    Cheng, Ran; Daniels, Matthew W.; Zhu, Jian-Gang; Xiao, Di

    2016-04-06

    In a collinear antiferromagnet with easy-axis anisotropy, symmetry dictates that the spin wave modes must be doubly degenerate. Theses two modes, distinguished by their opposite polarization and available only in antiferromagnets, give rise to a novel degree of freedom to encode and process information. We show that the spin wave polarization can be manipulated by an electric field induced Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction and magnetic anisotropy. We propose a prototype spin wave field effect transistor which realizes a gate-tunable magnonic analog of the Faraday effect, and demonstrate its application in THz signal modulation. In conclusion, our findings open up the exciting possibility of digital data processing utilizing antiferromagnetic spin waves and enable the direct projection of optical computing concepts onto the mesoscopic scale.

  8. Antiferromagnetic Spin Wave Field-Effect Transistor

    DOE PAGES

    Cheng, Ran; Daniels, Matthew W.; Zhu, Jian-Gang; ...

    2016-04-06

    In a collinear antiferromagnet with easy-axis anisotropy, symmetry dictates that the spin wave modes must be doubly degenerate. Theses two modes, distinguished by their opposite polarization and available only in antiferromagnets, give rise to a novel degree of freedom to encode and process information. We show that the spin wave polarization can be manipulated by an electric field induced Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction and magnetic anisotropy. We propose a prototype spin wave field effect transistor which realizes a gate-tunable magnonic analog of the Faraday effect, and demonstrate its application in THz signal modulation. In conclusion, our findings open up the exciting possibilitymore » of digital data processing utilizing antiferromagnetic spin waves and enable the direct projection of optical computing concepts onto the mesoscopic scale.« less

  9. Antiferromagnetic Spin Wave Field-Effect Transistor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cheng, Ran; Daniels, Matthew W.; Zhu, Jian-Gang; Xiao, Di

    2016-04-01

    In a collinear antiferromagnet with easy-axis anisotropy, symmetry dictates that the spin wave modes must be doubly degenerate. Theses two modes, distinguished by their opposite polarization and available only in antiferromagnets, give rise to a novel degree of freedom to encode and process information. We show that the spin wave polarization can be manipulated by an electric field induced Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction and magnetic anisotropy. We propose a prototype spin wave field-effect transistor which realizes a gate-tunable magnonic analog of the Faraday effect, and demonstrate its application in THz signal modulation. Our findings open up the exciting possibility of digital data processing utilizing antiferromagnetic spin waves and enable the direct projection of optical computing concepts onto the mesoscopic scale.

  10. Spin superconductivity in the frustrated two-dimensional antiferromagnet in the square lattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lima, L. S.

    2017-02-01

    We use the SU(2) Schwinger boson formalism to study the spin transport in the two-dimensional S = 1 / 2 frustrated Heisenberg antiferromagnet in a square lattice, considering the second-neighbors interactions in the diagonal. We have obtained a spin superfluid behavior for the spin transport to this system similar to obtained recently to the triangular lattice. We consider an antiferromagnetic inter-chain coupling on the diagonal, J2 > 0 , and the nearest-neighbor coupling antiferromagnetic J1 > 0 . We also have in the critical temperature T0, where the correlation length ξ → 0 , that the system suffers a transition from an ordered ground state to a disordered ground state.

  11. Kagome-like chains with anisotropic ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic interactions.

    PubMed

    Dmitriev, D V; Krivnov, V Ya

    2017-06-01

    We consider a spin-[Formula: see text] kagome-like chain with competing ferro- and antiferromagnetic anisotropic exchange interactions. The ground state phase diagram of this model consists of the ferromagnetic and ferrimagnetic phases. We study the ground state and the low-temperature properties on the phase boundary between these phases. The ground state on this phase boundary is macroscopically degenerate and consists of localized magnon states. We calculate the ground state degeneracy and corresponding residual entropy. The spontaneous magnetization has a jump on the phase boundary confirming the first-order type of the phase transition. In the limit of a strong anisotropy, the spectrum of the low-energy excitations has multi-scale structure governing the peculiar features of the specific heat behavior.

  12. Z2 antiferromagnetic topological insulators with broken C4 symmetry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bègue, Frédéric; Pujol, Pierre; Ramazashvili, Revaz

    2017-04-01

    A two-dimensional topological insulator may arise in a centrosymmetric commensurate Néel antiferromagnet (AF), where staggered magnetization breaks both the elementary translation and time reversal, but retains their product as a symmetry. Fang et al. [6] proposed an expression for a Z2 topological invariant to characterize such systems. Here, we show that this expression does not allow to detect all the existing phases if a certain lattice symmetry is lacking. We implement numerical techniques to diagnose topological phases of a toy Hamiltonian, and verify our results by computing the Chern numbers of degenerate bands, and also by explicitly constructing the edge states, thus illustrating the efficiency of the method.

  13. Quantum Spin Liquid Emerging from Antiferromagnetic Order by Introducing Disorder.

    PubMed

    Furukawa, T; Miyagawa, K; Itou, T; Ito, M; Taniguchi, H; Saito, M; Iguchi, S; Sasaki, T; Kanoda, K

    2015-08-14

    Quantum spin liquids, which are spin versions of quantum matter, have been sought after in systems with geometrical frustration. We show that disorder drives a classical magnet into a quantum spin liquid through conducting NMR experiments on an organic Mott insulator, κ-(ET)_{2}Cu[N(CN)_{2}]Cl. Antiferromagnetic ordering in the pristine crystal, when irradiated by x rays, disappears. Spin freezing, spin gap, and critical slowing down are not observed, but gapless spin excitations emerge, suggesting a novel role of disorder that brings forth a quantum spin liquid from a classical ordered state.

  14. Quantum Spin Liquid Emerging from Antiferromagnetic Order by Introducing Disorder

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Furukawa, T.; Miyagawa, K.; Itou, T.; Ito, M.; Taniguchi, H.; Saito, M.; Iguchi, S.; Sasaki, T.; Kanoda, K.

    2015-08-01

    Quantum spin liquids, which are spin versions of quantum matter, have been sought after in systems with geometrical frustration. We show that disorder drives a classical magnet into a quantum spin liquid through conducting NMR experiments on an organic Mott insulator, κ -(ET) 2Cu [N (CN) 2]Cl . Antiferromagnetic ordering in the pristine crystal, when irradiated by x rays, disappears. Spin freezing, spin gap, and critical slowing down are not observed, but gapless spin excitations emerge, suggesting a novel role of disorder that brings forth a quantum spin liquid from a classical ordered state.

  15. Phase transitions in antiferromagnets with a NaCl structure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kassan-Ogly, F. A.; Filippov, B. N.

    2006-05-01

    A revised derivation scheme of possible magnetic structures in an FCC lattice with the nearest- and next-nearest-neighbor interactions taken into account is proposed. A model of simultaneous magnetic and structural phase transitions of the first order is developed for antiferromagnets with a NaCl structure and with a strong cubic magnetic anisotropy on the base of synthesis of magnetic modified 6-state Potts model and theoretical models of structural phase transitions in cubic crystals. It is shown that the high-temperature diffuse magnetic scattering of neutrons transforms into magnetic Bragg reflections below Néel point.

  16. Density matrix renormalization group numerical study of the kagome antiferromagnet.

    PubMed

    Jiang, H C; Weng, Z Y; Sheng, D N

    2008-09-12

    We numerically study the spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model on the kagome lattice using the density-matrix renormalization group method. We find that the ground state is a magnetically disordered spin liquid, characterized by an exponential decay of spin-spin correlation function in real space and a magnetic structure factor showing system-size independent peaks at commensurate magnetic wave vectors. We obtain a spin triplet excitation gap DeltaE(S=1)=0.055+/-0.005 by extrapolation based on the large size results, and confirm the presence of gapless singlet excitations. The physical nature of such an exotic spin liquid is also discussed.

  17. Paramagnetic and Antiferromagnetic Spin Seebeck Effect

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Stephen

    We report on the observation of the longitudinal spin Seebeck effect in both antiferromagnetic and paramagnetic insulators. By using a microscale on-chip local heater, it is possible to generate a large thermal gradient confined to the chip surface without a large increase in the total sample temperature. This technique allows us to easily access low temperatures (200 mK) and high magnetic fields (14 T) through conventional dilution refrigeration and superconducting magnet setups. By exploring this regime, we detect the spin Seebeck effect through the spin-flop transition in antiferromagnetic MnF2 when a large magnetic field (>9 T) is applied along the easy axis direction. Using the same technique, we are also able to resolve a spin Seebeck effect from the paramagnetic phase of geometrically frustrated antiferromagnet Gd3Ga5O12 (gadolinium gallium garnet) and antiferromagnetic DyScO3 (DSO). Since these measurements occur above the ordering temperatures of these two materials, short-range magnetic order is implicated as the cause of the spin Seebeck effect in these systems. The discovery of the spin Seebeck effect in these two materials classes suggest that both antiferromagnetic spin waves and spin excitations from short range magnetic order may be used to generate spin current from insulators and that the spin wave spectra of individual materials are highly important to the specifics of the longitudinal spin Seebeck effect. Since insulating antiferromagnets and paramagnets are far more common than the typical insulating ferrimagnetic materials used in spin Seebeck experiments, this discovery opens up a large new class of materials for use in spin caloritronic devices. All authors acknowledge support of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences (BES), Materials Sciences and Engineering Division. The use of facilities at the Center for Nanoscale Materials, was supported by the U.S. DOE, BES under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.

  18. Antiferromagnetic domains in epitaxial thin films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Scholl, Andreas

    2002-03-01

    Interface and surface effects play a central role in modern magnet structures. Magnetic exchange coupling and bias, spin injection across the boundary between magnetic and non-magnetic layers, and the surface and interface anisotropy in multilayers are examples for interface phenomena that are utilized in magneto-electronics. In particular, the microscopic origin of exchange bias at ferromagnet/antiferromagnet interfaces is still an unsolved problem despite of intense research, driven by the important application of exchange bias in hard disk read-heads and magnetic RAM. Knowledge of the microscopic magnetic structure in antiferromagnetic thin films and surfaces is of crucial importance for a better understanding of the exchange bias effect. Microscopic experiments on magnetically coupled ferromagnet/antiferromagnet layers using X-ray Photoemission Electron Microscopy (X-PEEM) now provide a new insight into the microscopic processes at this important interface. Using a combination of x-ray magnetic dichroism (XMD) contrast and microscopic electron yield detection we have resolved the magnetic domain structure in LaFeO3 and NiO thin films and crystals. The antiferromagnetic domain structure is linked to the crystallographic structure of the material and vanishes approaching the magnetic ordering temperature. Ferromagnetic films grown on the antiferromagnetic substrate show a corresponding ferromagnetic domain structure, an uniaxial exchange anistropy and a local bias which increases with decreasing domain size, suggesting a statistical origin of the bias effect. The role of uncompensated interface spins will also be discussed. We will present first experiments on magnetic interlayer coupling across metallic antiferromagnets, which suggest a similar origin of bias in full-metallic exchange bias system. A. Scholl et al., Science 287, 1014 (2000), F. Nolting et al., Nature 405, 767 (2000), H. Ohldag et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2878 (2001)

  19. Observation of antiferromagnetic correlations in UBe 13

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Neumann, K. U.; Capellmann, H.; Fisk, Z.; Smith, J. L.; Ziebeck, K. R. A.

    1986-11-01

    The wavevector and energy dependence of the paramagnetic response in the normal phase of the Heavy Fermion system UBe 13 has been investigated between 10 K and 300 K using polarized neutrons and polarization analysis. At 10 K the response was found to be enhanced at non zero wave-vectors indicating the presence of strong antiferromagnetic correlations. The peaks in the scattering occured at positions expected for incipient type G antiferromagnetism of the simple cubic uranium sublattice. At room temperature the spatial correlations completely disappeared and the response was wave vector independent. Constant Q scans carried out at 10 K confirmed the Lorentzian dependence proposed by Goldman et al. [1].

  20. Three-sublattice skyrmion crystal in the antiferromagnetic triangular lattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rosales, H. D.; Cabra, D. C.; Pujol, Pierre

    2015-12-01

    The frustrated classical antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) interactions on the triangular lattice is studied under a magnetic field by means of semiclassical calculations and large-scale Monte Carlo simulations. We show that even a small DM interaction induces the formation of an antiferromagnetic skyrmion crystal (AF-SkX) state. Unlike what is observed in ferromagnetic materials, we show that the AF-SkX state consists of three interpenetrating skyrmion crystals (one by sublattice), and most importantly, the AF-SkX state seems to survive in the limit of zero temperature. To characterize the phase diagram we compute the average of the topological order parameter which can be associated with the number of topological charges or skyrmions. As the magnetic field increases this parameter presents a clear jump, indicating a discontinuous transition from a spiral phase into the AF-SkX phase, where multiple Bragg peaks coexist in the spin structure factor. For higher fields, a second (probably continuous) transition occurs into a featureless paramagnetic phase.

  1. A zero-field Cu-NMR study on antiferromagnetic ordered state in four-layered high-Tc superconductors Ba2Ca3Cu4O8(FyO1-y)2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shimizu, S.; Mukuda, H.; Kitaoka, Y.; Kito, H.; Kodama, Y.; Shirage, P. M.; Iyo, A.

    2010-12-01

    We report on superconducting and magnetic characteristics in four-layered high-Tc superconductors Ba2Ca3Cu4O8(FyO1-y)2 with apical fluorine through zero-field Cu-NMR measurements. The zero-field NMR spectra shows that the internal magnetic field, induced by antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordered moments, decreases with increasing the local carrier density (Nh). The AFM phase expands up to Nh˜0.15, which is the magnetic critical point where the AFM order collapses. Moreover, for y=1.0, the AFM order is observed at all CuO2 layers, although superconducting transition takes place at Tc=55K. This result suggests that the AFM order uniformly coexists with superconductivity in a single CuO2 plane in an underdoped region.

  2. TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE OF THE ANTIFERROMAGNETIC ANISOTROPY IN MNF2,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    Existing data on the temperature dependence of the sublattice magnetization and of the antiferromagnetic resonance frequency of MnF2, together with...new antiferromagnetic resonance data, are used to determine the temperature dependence of the antiferromagnetic anisotropy energy. The experimental

  3. Giant Anomalous Hall Effect in the Chiral Antiferromagnet Mn3Ge

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kiyohara, Naoki; Tomita, Takahiro; Nakatsuji, Satoru

    2016-06-01

    The external field control of antiferromagnetism is a significant subject both for basic science and technological applications. As a useful macroscopic response to detect magnetic states, the anomalous Hall effect (AHE) is known for ferromagnets, but it has never been observed in antiferromagnets until the recent discovery in Mn3Sn . Here we report another example of the AHE in a related antiferromagnet, namely, in the hexagonal chiral antiferromagnet Mn3Ge . Our single-crystal study reveals that Mn3Ge exhibits a giant anomalous Hall conductivity |σx z|˜60 Ω-1 cm-1 at room temperature and approximately 380 Ω-1 cm-1 at 5 K in zero field, reaching nearly half of the value expected for the quantum Hall effect per atomic layer with Chern number of unity. Our detailed analyses on the anisotropic Hall conductivity indicate that in comparison with the in-plane-field components |σx z| and |σz y|, which are very large and nearly comparable in size, we find |σy x| obtained in the field along the c axis to be much smaller. The anomalous Hall effect shows a sign reversal with the rotation of a small magnetic field less than 0.1 T. The soft response of the AHE to magnetic field should be useful for applications, for example, to develop switching and memory devices based on antiferromagnets.

  4. Spin Hall Effects in Metallic Antiferromagnets

    DOE PAGES

    Zhang, Wei; Jungfleisch, Matthias B.; Jiang, Wanjun; ...

    2014-11-04

    In this paper, we investigate four CuAu-I-type metallic antiferromagnets for their potential as spin current detectors using spin pumping and inverse spin Hall effect. Nontrivial spin Hall effects were observed for FeMn, PdMn, and IrMn while a much higher effect was obtained for PtMn. Using thickness-dependent measurements, we determined the spin diffusion lengths of these materials to be short, on the order of 1 nm. The estimated spin Hall angles of the four materials follow the relationship PtMn > IrMn > PdMn > FeMn, highlighting the correlation between the spin-orbit coupling of nonmagnetic species and the magnitude of the spinmore » Hall effect in their antiferromagnetic alloys. These experiments are compared with first-principles calculations. Finally, engineering the properties of the antiferromagnets as well as their interfaces can pave the way for manipulation of the spin dependent transport properties in antiferromagnet-based spintronics.« less

  5. Spin Hall Effects in Metallic Antiferromagnets

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Wei; Jungfleisch, Matthias B.; Jiang, Wanjun; Pearson, John E.; Hoffmann, Axel; Freimuth, Frank; Mokrousov, Yuriy

    2014-11-04

    In this paper, we investigate four CuAu-I-type metallic antiferromagnets for their potential as spin current detectors using spin pumping and inverse spin Hall effect. Nontrivial spin Hall effects were observed for FeMn, PdMn, and IrMn while a much higher effect was obtained for PtMn. Using thickness-dependent measurements, we determined the spin diffusion lengths of these materials to be short, on the order of 1 nm. The estimated spin Hall angles of the four materials follow the relationship PtMn > IrMn > PdMn > FeMn, highlighting the correlation between the spin-orbit coupling of nonmagnetic species and the magnitude of the spin Hall effect in their antiferromagnetic alloys. These experiments are compared with first-principles calculations. Finally, engineering the properties of the antiferromagnets as well as their interfaces can pave the way for manipulation of the spin dependent transport properties in antiferromagnet-based spintronics.

  6. Magnetoelastic effects on antiferromagnetic phase transitions (invited)

    SciTech Connect

    Wolf, W.P.; Huan, C.H.A.

    1988-04-15

    The effect of elastic strains on antiferromagnetic phase transitions is considered. For cases in which the magnetic and chemical unit cells coincide, the combination of a strain and an applied field is found to lead to the possibility of a linear magnetoelastic (LME) coupling which may induce antiferromagnetic order, even in the normally paramagnetic phase. Such an effect can, in principle, destroy any second-order phase transition. An order of magnitude estimate shows that the effect is small but not negligible, and that it may explain a number of unusual effects observed in dysprosium aluminum garnet, including anomalous neutron scattering, magnetic hysteresis and magnetostriction. Similar strain-induced effects may be important in many other antiferromagnets, including CoF/sub 2/, FeF/sub 2/, MnF/sub 2/, and ..cap alpha..Fe/sub 2/O/sub 3/, as well as in mixed crystals with the same structures. Strain gradients may produce similar effects in other antiferromagnets which are magnetoelectric, including DyPO/sub 4/, DyAlO/sub 3/, and Cr/sub 2/O/sub 3/.

  7. Direct measurement of antiferromagnetic domain fluctuations.

    PubMed

    Shpyrko, O G; Isaacs, E D; Logan, J M; Feng, Yejun; Aeppli, G; Jaramillo, R; Kim, H C; Rosenbaum, T F; Zschack, P; Sprung, M; Narayanan, S; Sandy, A R

    2007-05-03

    Measurements of magnetic noise emanating from ferromagnets owing to domain motion were first carried out nearly 100 years ago, and have underpinned much science and technology. Antiferromagnets, which carry no net external magnetic dipole moment, yet have a periodic arrangement of the electron spins extending over macroscopic distances, should also display magnetic noise. However, this must be sampled at spatial wavelengths of the order of several interatomic spacings, rather than the macroscopic scales characteristic of ferromagnets. Here we present a direct measurement of the fluctuations in the nanometre-scale superstructure of spin- and charge-density waves associated with antiferromagnetism in elemental chromium. The technique used is X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy, where coherent X-ray diffraction produces a speckle pattern that serves as a 'fingerprint' of a particular magnetic domain configuration. The temporal evolution of the patterns corresponds to domain walls advancing and retreating over micrometre distances. This work demonstrates a useful measurement tool for antiferromagnetic domain wall engineering, but also reveals a fundamental finding about spin dynamics in the simplest antiferromagnet: although the domain wall motion is thermally activated at temperatures above 100 K, it is not so at lower temperatures, and indeed has a rate that saturates at a finite value-consistent with quantum fluctuations-on cooling below 40 K.

  8. Controlling the switching field in nanomagnets by means of domain-engineered antiferromagnets

    DOE PAGES

    Folven, Eric; Linder, J.; Gomonay, O. V.; ...

    2015-09-14

    Using soft x-ray spectromicroscopy, we investigate the magnetic domain structure in embedded nanomagnets defined in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 thin films and LaFeO3/La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 bilayers. We find that shape-controlled antiferromagnetic domain states give rise to a significant reduction of the switching field of the rectangular nanomagnets. This is discussed within the framework of competition between an intrinsic spin-flop coupling and shape anisotropy. In conclusion, the data demonstrates that shape effects in antiferromagnets may be used to control the magnetic properties in nanomagnets.

  9. Magnetic Structure of the Local-moment Antiferromagnet CeCuSn

    SciTech Connect

    Chang, S.; Janssen, Y.; Garlea, Vasile O; Zarestky, Jerel L; Nakotte, H.; McQueeney, R. J.

    2005-01-01

    We report on single-crystal neutron diffraction studies of the local-moment antiferromagnet CeCuSn. The ground-state magnetic structure is characterized by a magnetic wave vector k = (0.115,0,0). The onset of antiferromagnetic order occurs around 12 K with an inflection in the temperature dependence of the magnetic intensities at about 8 K. This is in contrast to bulk measurements, which only show broad features at 8--10 K. The ordered moments are likely reduced from the free-ion moment for Ce.

  10. Field-Induced Multiple Reentrant Quantum Phase Transitions in Randomly Dimerized Antiferromagnetic S=1/2 Heisenberg Chains

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hida, Kazuo

    2006-07-01

    The multiple reentrant quantum phase transitions in the S=1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chains with random bond alternation in the magnetic field are investigated by the density matrix renormalization group method combined with interchain mean field approximation. It is assumed that odd numbered bonds are antiferromagnetic with strength J and even numbered bonds can take the values JS and JW (JS > J > JW > 0) randomly with the probabilities p and 1- p, respectively. The pure version ( p=0 and 1) of this model has a spin gap but exhibits a field-induced antiferromagnetism in the presence of interchain coupling if Zeeman energy due to the magnetic field exceeds the spin gap. For 0 < p < 1, antiferromagnetism is induced by randomness at the small field region where the ground state is disordered due to the spin gap in the pure version. At the same time, this model exhibits randomness-induced plateaus at several values of magnetization. The antiferromagnetism is destroyed on the plateaus. As a consequence, we find a series of reentrant quantum phase transitions between transverse antiferromagnetic phases and disordered plateau phases with the increase of magnetic field for a moderate strength of interchain coupling. Above the main plateaus, the magnetization curve consists of a series of small plateaus and jumps between them. It is also found that antiferromagnetism is induced by infinitesimal interchain coupling at the jumps between the small plateaus. We conclude that this antiferromagnetism is supported by the mixing of low-lying excited states by the staggered interchain mean field even though the spin correlation function is short ranged in the ground state of each chain.

  11. Entropy of diluted antiferromagnetic Ising models on frustrated lattices using the Wang-Landau method.

    PubMed

    Shevchenko, Yuriy; Nefedev, Konstantin; Okabe, Yutaka

    2017-05-01

    We use a Monte Carlo simulation to study the diluted antiferromagnetic Ising model on frustrated lattices including the pyrochlore lattice to show the dilution effects. Using the Wang-Landau algorithm, which directly calculates the energy density of states, we accurately calculate the entropy of the system. We discuss the nonmonotonic dilution concentration dependence of residual entropy for the antiferromagnetic Ising model on the pyrochlore lattice, and compare it to the generalized Pauling approximation proposed by Ke et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 137203 (2007)PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.99.137203]. We also investigate other frustrated systems, the antiferromagnetic Ising model on the triangular lattice and the kagome lattice, demonstrating the difference in the dilution effects between the system on the pyrochlore lattice and that on other frustrated lattices.

  12. Post-perovskite CaIrO3: a conventional Slater type antiferromagnetic insulator.

    PubMed

    Singh, Vijeta; Pulikkotil, J J

    2016-09-21

    To resolve the controversy of whether or not the origin of an electronic gap in antiferromagnetic post-perovskite (pPv) CaIrO3 is due to Coulomb repulsion or spin-orbit coupling, and/or both, we have performed comprehensive full potential density functional theory based calculations. A rather consistent electronic structure, which explains the origin and magnitude of the electronic gap, inter-band d-d transition energies, high thermopower and large magneto-crystalline anisotropy, is obtained with the use of a modified Becke-Johnson (mBJ) exchange potential. Fundamentally, mBJ calculations correctly capture the strong interplay of the crystal field and long range antiferromagnetic ordering of Ir spins as the mechanism that drives pPv-CaIrO3 to an insulating state. Based on our findings, we propose that pPv-CaIrO3 is a conventional Slater type antiferromagnetic insulator.

  13. Antiferromagnetic fluctuations in a quasi-two-dimensional organic superconductor detected by Raman spectroscopy.

    SciTech Connect

    Drichko, Natalia; Hackl, Rudi; Schlueter, John A.

    2015-10-15

    Using Raman scattering, the quasi-two-dimensional organic superconductor kappa-(BEDT-TTF)(2)Cu[N(CN)(2)]Br (T-c = 11.8 K) and the related antiferromagnet kappa-(BEDT-TTF)(2)Cu[N(CN)(2)]Cl are studied. Raman scattering provides unique spectroscopic information about magnetic degrees of freedom that has been otherwise unavailable on such organic conductors. Below T = 200 K a broad band at about 500 cm(-1) develops in both compounds. We identify this band with two-magnon excitation. The position and the temperature dependence of the spectral weight are similar in the antiferromagnet and in the metallic Fermi liquid. We conclude that antiferromagnetic correlations are similarly present in the magnetic insulator and the Fermi-liquid state of the superconductor.

  14. Scaling relations of three-dimensional random-exchange quantum antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tan, Deng-Ruei; Jiang, Fu-Jiun

    2015-11-01

    The thermal and ground state properties of a class of three-dimensional (3D) random-exchange spin-1/2 antiferromagnets are studied using first principles quantum Monte Carlo method. Our motivation is to examine whether the newly discovered universal scaling properties, which connect the Néel temperature and the staggered magnetization density, for the clean 3D quantum dimerized Heisenberg models remain valid for the random-exchange models considered here. Remarkably, similar to the clean systems, our Monte Carlo results indicate that these scaling relations also emerge for the considered models with the introduced antiferromagnetic randomness. The scope of the validity of these scaling properties for the 3D quantum antiferromagnets is investigated as well.

  15. Magnetic resonance investigation for a possible antiferromagnetic subphase in (TMTTF) 2Br

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Asada, Mizue; Nakamura, Toshikazu

    2017-09-01

    To understand the electronic states on the boundary region between the commensurate antiferromagnetic (II) phase and the incommensurate spin-density-wave phase in the generalized phase diagram for one-dimensional organic conductors, we performed antiferromagnetic resonance (AFMR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements for (TMTTF) 2Br . The angular dependence of the AFMR fields at 1.5 K is different from that at 4.8 K, and the temperature dependence of the two AFMR modes is enhanced below 5 K. Furthermore, 2D(Deuterium)-NMR measurements were performed for deuterated (TMTTF-d12)2Br to investigate charge distribution by quadrupole splitting at low temperatures. We found that the 2D-NMR spectrum changes at 4 K in the antiferromagnetic phase. Successive phase transition and a possible magnetic structure are discussed.

  16. Chern-Simons theory of the anisotropic quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a square lattice

    SciTech Connect

    Lopez, A. ); Rojo, A.G. Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1120 ); Fradkin, E. )

    1994-06-01

    We consider the anisotropic quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnetic (with anistropy [lambda]) on a square lattice using a Chern-Simons (or Wigner-Jordan) approach. We show that the average field approximation (AFA) yields a phase diagram with two phases: a Neel state for [lambda][gt][lambda][sub [ital c

  17. Synthesis and characterization of the new two-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnet double perovskite BaLaCuSbO6.

    PubMed

    Blanco, M Cecilia; Paz, Sergio Alexis; Nassif, Vivian M; Guimpel, Julio J; Carbonio, Raúl E

    2015-06-21

    The BaLaCuSbO(6) double perovskite has been successfully synthesized by solid state reaction under an air atmosphere. Its structure was refined using powder neutron diffraction in the monoclinic space group I2/m with a 4% antisite disorder on the B cations. Magnetic measurements give signs of 2D-antiferromagnetic behaviour with TN around 64 K. The Jahn-Teller distortion produced by Cu(2+) ions favours a crystallographic tetragonal distortion and consequently the in-plane super-superexchange antiferromagnetic interactions, J(90°), are favoured over the in-plane J(180°) antiferromagnetic exchange interactions. Both, J and J' magnetic interactions have been evaluated according to a Heisenberg antiferromagnetic rectangular model using an approximation to Curie's law in powers of J/T, being |J| around 10 times stronger than |J'|.

  18. Electric-field-induced spin resonance in antiferromagnetic insulators: Inverse process of the dynamical chiral magnetic effect

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sekine, Akihiko; Chiba, Takahiro

    2016-06-01

    We propose a realization of the electric-field-induced antiferromagnetic resonance. We consider three-dimensional antiferromagnetic insulators with spin-orbit coupling characterized by the existence of a topological term called the θ term. By solving the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation in the presence of the θ term, we show that, in contrast to conventional methods using ac magnetic fields, the antiferromagnetic resonance state is realized by ac electric fields along with static magnetic fields. This mechanism can be understood as the inverse process of the dynamical chiral magnetic effect, an alternating current generation by magnetic fields. In other words, we propose a way to electrically induce the dynamical axion field in condensed matter. We discuss a possible experiment to observe our proposal, which utilizes the spin pumping from the antiferromagnetic insulator into a heavy metal contact.

  19. Large anomalous Hall effect in a non-collinear antiferromagnet at room temperature.

    PubMed

    Nakatsuji, Satoru; Kiyohara, Naoki; Higo, Tomoya

    2015-11-12

    In ferromagnetic conductors, an electric current may induce a transverse voltage drop in zero applied magnetic field: this anomalous Hall effect is observed to be proportional to magnetization, and thus is not usually seen in antiferromagnets in zero field. Recent developments in theory and experiment have provided a framework for understanding the anomalous Hall effect using Berry-phase concepts, and this perspective has led to predictions that, under certain conditions, a large anomalous Hall effect may appear in spin liquids and antiferromagnets without net spin magnetization. Although such a spontaneous Hall effect has now been observed in a spin liquid state, a zero-field anomalous Hall effect has hitherto not been reported for antiferromagnets. Here we report empirical evidence for a large anomalous Hall effect in an antiferromagnet that has vanishingly small magnetization. In particular, we find that Mn3Sn, an antiferromagnet that has a non-collinear 120-degree spin order, exhibits a large anomalous Hall conductivity of around 20 per ohm per centimetre at room temperature and more than 100 per ohm per centimetre at low temperatures, reaching the same order of magnitude as in ferromagnetic metals. Notably, the chiral antiferromagnetic state has a very weak and soft ferromagnetic moment of about 0.002 Bohr magnetons per Mn atom (refs 10, 12), allowing us to switch the sign of the Hall effect with a small magnetic field of around a few hundred oersted. This soft response of the large anomalous Hall effect could be useful for various applications including spintronics--for example, to develop a memory device that produces almost no perturbing stray fields.

  20. Ferrimagnetism in delta chain with anisotropic ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic interactions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dmitriev, D. V.; Krivnov, V. Ya

    2016-12-01

    We consider analytically and numerically an anisotropic spin-\\frac{1}{2} delta-chain (sawtooth chain) in which exchange interactions between apical and basal spins are ferromagnetic and those between basal spins are antiferromagnetic. In the limit of strong anisotropy of exchange interactions this model can be considered as the Ising delta chain with macroscopic degenerate ground state perturbed by transverse quantum fluctuations. These perturbations lift the ground state degeneracy and the model reduces to the basal XXZ spin chain in the magnetic field induced by static apical spins. We show that the ground state of such a model is ferrimagnetic. The excitations of the model are formed by ferrimagnetic domains separated by domain walls with a finite energy. At low temperatures the system is effectively divided into two independent subsystems, the apical subsystem described by the Ising spin-\\frac{1}{2} chain and the basal subsystem described by the XXZ chain with infinite zz interactions.

  1. Ferrimagnetism in delta chain with anisotropic ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic interactions.

    PubMed

    Dmitriev, D V; Ya Krivnov, V

    2016-12-21

    We consider analytically and numerically an anisotropic spin-[Formula: see text] delta-chain (sawtooth chain) in which exchange interactions between apical and basal spins are ferromagnetic and those between basal spins are antiferromagnetic. In the limit of strong anisotropy of exchange interactions this model can be considered as the Ising delta chain with macroscopic degenerate ground state perturbed by transverse quantum fluctuations. These perturbations lift the ground state degeneracy and the model reduces to the basal XXZ spin chain in the magnetic field induced by static apical spins. We show that the ground state of such a model is ferrimagnetic. The excitations of the model are formed by ferrimagnetic domains separated by domain walls with a finite energy. At low temperatures the system is effectively divided into two independent subsystems, the apical subsystem described by the Ising spin-[Formula: see text] chain and the basal subsystem described by the XXZ chain with infinite zz interactions.

  2. NMR studies of the incommensurate helical antiferromagnet EuCo2P2 : Determination of antiferromagnetic propagation vector

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Higa, Nonoka; Ding, Qing-Ping; Yogi, Mamoru; Sangeetha, N. S.; Hedo, Masato; Nakama, Takao; Ōnuki, Yoshichika; Johnston, D. C.; Furukawa, Yuji

    2017-07-01

    Recently, Q.-P. Ding et al. [Phys. Rev. B 95, 184404 (2017), 10.1103/PhysRevB.95.184404] reported that their nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) study on EuCo2As2 successfully characterized the antiferromagnetic (AFM) propagation vector of the incommensurate helix AFM state, showing that NMR is a unique tool for determination of the spin structures in incommensurate helical AFMs. Motivated by this work, we have carried out 153Eu, 31P, and 59Co NMR measurements on the helical antiferromagnet EuCo2P2 with an AFM ordering temperature TN=66.5 K. An incommensurate helical AFM structure was clearly confirmed by 153Eu and 31P NMR spectra on single-crystalline EuCo2P2 in zero magnetic field at 1.6 K and its external magnetic field dependence. Furthermore, based on 59Co NMR data in both the paramagnetic and incommensurate AFM states, we have determined the model-independent value of the AFM propagation vector k =(0 ,0 ,0.73 ±0.09 )2 π /c , where c is the c -axis lattice parameter. The temperature dependence of k is also discussed.

  3. NMR studies of the incommensurate helical antiferromagnet EuCo2P2: Determination of antiferromagnetic propagation vector

    DOE PAGES

    Higa, Nonoka; Ding, Qing -Ping; Yogi, Mamoru; ...

    2017-07-06

    Recently, Q.-P. Ding et al. reported that their nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) study on EuCo2As2 successfully characterized the antiferromagnetic (AFM) propagation vector of the incommensurate helix AFM state, showing that NMR is a unique tool for determination of the spin structures in incommensurate helical AFMs. Motivated by this work, we have carried out 153Eu, 31P, and 59Co NMR measurements on the helical antiferromagnet EuCo2P2 with an AFM ordering temperature TN = 66.5 K. An incommensurate helical AFM structure was clearly confirmed by 153Eu and 31P NMR spectra on single-crystalline EuCo2P2 in zero magnetic field at 1.6 K and its externalmore » magnetic field dependence. Furthermore, based on 59Co NMR data in both the paramagnetic and incommensurate AFM states, we have determined the model-independent value of the AFM propagation vector k = (0,0,0.73±0.09)2π/c, where c is the c-axis lattice parameter. As a result, the temperature dependence of k is also discussed.« less

  4. Magnon Spin-Momentum Locking: Various Spin Vortices and Dirac magnons in Noncollinear Antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Okuma, Nobuyuki

    2017-09-01

    We generalize the concept of the spin-momentum locking to magnonic systems and derive the formula to calculate the spin expectation value for one-magnon states of general two-body spin Hamiltonians. We give no-go conditions for magnon spin to be independent of momentum. As examples of the magnon spin-momentum locking, we analyze a one-dimensional antiferromagnet with the Néel order and two-dimensional kagome lattice antiferromagnets with the 120° structure. We find that the magnon spin depends on its momentum even when the Hamiltonian has the z -axis spin rotational symmetry, which can be explained in the context of a singular band point or a U (1 ) symmetry breaking. A spin vortex in momentum space generated in a kagome lattice antiferromagnet has the winding number Q =-2 , while the typical one observed in topological insulator surface states is characterized by Q =+1 . A magnonic analogue of the surface states, the Dirac magnon with Q =+1 , is found in another kagome lattice antiferromagnet. We also derive the sum rule for Q by using the Poincaré-Hopf index theorem.

  5. Exchange biasing in ferromagnet/antiferromagnet Fe/KMnF 3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Celinski, Z.; Lucic, D.; Cramer, N.; Camley, R. E.; Goldfarb, R. B.; Skrzypek, D.

    1999-08-01

    A new ferromagnet/antiferromagnet bilayer system, Fe/KMnF 3, exhibits interesting interfacial exchange properties. The bulk antiferromagnet KMnF 3 has three possible magnetic states: paramagnetic, antiferromagnetic, and weakly ferromagnetic spin-canted. Consequently, the exchange anisotropy in Fe/KMnF 3 is unusual. We examine the exchange bias in Fe/KMnF 3 as a function of the magnetic state. Monocrystalline Fe(0 0 1) and polycrystalline Fe films, 3 nm thick, were grown epitaxially on Ag(0 0 1) templates on GaAs(0 0 1) substrates. Epitaxial KMnF 3 was then grown on both the single-crystal and polycrystal Fe. We measured the low-field, zero-field-cooled and field-cooled magnetizations as functions of temperature. The zero-field-cooled single-crystal Fe magnetization is greatly reduced at liquid-helium temperatures. We see the influence of the transition from the antiferromagnetic to the spin-canted state on the exchange coupling. The blocking temperature is close to the Néel temperature (89 K). From the shift in the hysteresis loop, we estimate the strength of the interfacial exchange coupling to be 4.5×10 -5 J/m 2.

  6. Magnon Spin-Momentum Locking: Various Spin Vortices and Dirac magnons in Noncollinear Antiferromagnets.

    PubMed

    Okuma, Nobuyuki

    2017-09-08

    We generalize the concept of the spin-momentum locking to magnonic systems and derive the formula to calculate the spin expectation value for one-magnon states of general two-body spin Hamiltonians. We give no-go conditions for magnon spin to be independent of momentum. As examples of the magnon spin-momentum locking, we analyze a one-dimensional antiferromagnet with the Néel order and two-dimensional kagome lattice antiferromagnets with the 120° structure. We find that the magnon spin depends on its momentum even when the Hamiltonian has the z-axis spin rotational symmetry, which can be explained in the context of a singular band point or a U(1) symmetry breaking. A spin vortex in momentum space generated in a kagome lattice antiferromagnet has the winding number Q=-2, while the typical one observed in topological insulator surface states is characterized by Q=+1. A magnonic analogue of the surface states, the Dirac magnon with Q=+1, is found in another kagome lattice antiferromagnet. We also derive the sum rule for Q by using the Poincaré-Hopf index theorem.

  7. Magnetic structure and crystal-field states of the pyrochlore antiferromagnet Nd2Zr2O7

    SciTech Connect

    Xu, J.; Anand, V. K.; Bera, A. K.; Frontzek, Matthias D.; Abernathy, Douglas L.; Casati, N.; Siemensmeyer, K.; Lake, B.

    2015-12-28

    In this paper, we present synchrotron x-ray diffraction, neutron powder diffraction, and time-of-flight inelastic neutron scattering measurements on the rare earth pyrochlore oxide Nd2Zr2O7 to study the ordered state magnetic structure and cystal-field states. The structural characterization by high-resolution synchrotron x-ray diffraction confirms that the pyrochlore structure has no detectable O vacancies or Nd/Zr site mixing. The neutron diffraction reveals long-range all-in/all-out antiferromagnetic order below TN≈0.4 K with propagation vector k = (0 0 0) and an ordered moment of 1.26(2) μB/Nd at 0.1 K. The ordered moment is much smaller than the estimated moment of 2.65μB/Nd for the local <111> Ising ground state of Nd3+ (J=9/2) suggesting that the ordering is partially suppressed by quantum fluctuations. The inelastic neutron scattering experiment further confirms the Ising anisotropic ground state of Nd3+ and also reveals its dipolar-octupolar character which possibly induces the quantum fluctuation. Lastly, the crystal-field level scheme and ground state wave function have been determined.

  8. Theory of spin transport in antiferromagnets (Conference Presentation)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Manchon, Aurélien; Saidaoui, Hamed; Akosa, Collins

    2016-10-01

    Antiferromagnets (AF) have long remained an intriguing and exotic state of matter, their application being restricted to enabling interfacial exchange bias in spin-valves. Their role in the expanding field of applied spintronics has been mostly passive and the in-depth investigation of their basic properties considered as fundamental condensed matter physics. A conceptual breakthrough was achieved ten years ago with the proposal that spin transfer torque could be used to electrically control the direction of the order parameter of AF spin valves, henceforth making these materials potential candidates for low energy spin devices. In spite of substantial theoretical efforts and experimental attempts to observe such a torque, the difficulty to independently detect the direction of the AF order parameter has remained a major obstacle. In this talk, I will first introduce the original concept of spin transfer torque in AF spin-valves, demonstrating that it is strongly limited by the spin decoherence and dramatically vanishes in the presence of disorder, leaving little hope to observe this effect experimentally. Then, I will present the newly proposed concept of spin-orbit torque that utilizes bulk or interfacial the spin-orbit coupling in non-centrosymmetric magnets to directly generate a torque on the AF order parameter. This torque, being local, is much more robust against impurities, as will be demonstrated for the specific case of interfacial Rashba spin-orbit coupling. Finally, I will discuss about spin motive force and torques in antiferromagnetic textures, intriguing effects that remained to be experimentally observed.

  9. Antiferromagnetic Metal and Mott Transition on Shastry-Sutherland Lattice

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Hai-Di; Chen, Yao-Hua; Lin, Heng-Fu; Tao, Hong-Shuai; Liu, Wu-Ming

    2014-01-01

    The Shastry-Sutherland lattice, one of the simplest systems with geometrical frustration, which has an exact eigenstate by putting singlets on diagonal bonds, can be realized in a group of layered compounds and raises both theoretical and experimental interest. Most of the previous studies on the Shastry-Sutherland lattice are focusing on the Heisenberg model. Here we opt for the Hubbard model to calculate phase diagrams over a wide range of interaction parameters, and show the competing effects of interaction, frustration and temperature. At low temperature, frustration is shown to favor a paramagnetic metallic ground state, while interaction drives the system to an antiferromagnetic insulator phase. Between these two phases, there are an antiferromagnetic metal phase and a paramagnetic insulator phase (which should consist of a small plaquette phase and a dimer phase) resulting from the competition of the frustration and the interaction. Our results may shed light on more exhaustive studies about quantum phase transitions in geometrically frustrated systems. PMID:24777282

  10. Evidence for Intertwining of Superconductivity and Antiferromagnetism in a Cuprate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tranquada, John; Xu, Zhijun; Stock, C.; Chi, S. X.; Kolesnikov, A. I.; Xu, G. Y.; Gu, G. D.

    2014-03-01

    We have used inelastic neutron scattering to measure the low-energy, incommensurate antiferromagnetic spin excitations both above and below the superconducting transition temperature (Tc = 32 K) of La1.905Ba0.095CuO4. While the magnetic excitations in optimally-doped cuprates typically show the development of a spin gap and magnetic resonance below Tc, our sample shows no such effect. Instead strong, gapless spin excitations coexist with bulk superconductivity. To understand this, we note that previous transport measurements have shown that the superconducting layers are decoupled by a magnetic field applied along the c-axis, resulting in a state with frustrated interlayer Josephson coupling, similar to LBCO with x = 1 / 8 , where it has been proposed that pair-density-wave superconductivity occurs. This suggests that, in a similar fashion, the spatially modulated antiferromagnetic correlations (which we see directly in the x = 0 . 095 sample) are intertwined with a spatially modulated superconducting pair wave function. Work at BNL supported by Office of Basic Energy Sciences, US DOE, under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886.

  11. Highly tunable perpendicularly magnetized synthetic antiferromagnets for biotechnology applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vemulkar, T.; Mansell, R.; Petit, D. C. M. C.; Cowburn, R. P.; Lesniak, M. S.

    2015-07-01

    Magnetic micro and nanoparticles are increasingly used in biotechnological applications due to the ability to control their behavior through an externally applied field. We demonstrate the fabrication of particles made from ultrathin perpendicularly magnetized CoFeB/Pt layers with antiferromagnetic interlayer coupling. The particles are characterized by zero moment at remanence, low susceptibility at low fields, and a large saturated moment created by the stacking of the basic coupled bilayer motif. We demonstrate the transfer of magnetic properties from thin films to lithographically defined 2 μm particles which have been lifted off into solution. We simulate the minimum energy state of a synthetic antiferromagnetic bilayer system that is free to rotate in an applied field and show that the low field susceptibility of the system is equal to the magnetic hard axis followed by a sharp switch to full magnetization as the field is increased. This agrees with the experimental results and explains the behaviour of the particles in solution.

  12. Highly tunable perpendicularly magnetized synthetic antiferromagnets for biotechnology applications.

    PubMed

    Vemulkar, T; Mansell, R; Petit, D C M C; Cowburn, R P; Lesniak, M S

    2015-07-06

    Magnetic micro and nanoparticles are increasingly used in biotechnological applications due to the ability to control their behavior through an externally applied field. We demonstrate the fabrication of particles made from ultrathin perpendicularly magnetized CoFeB/Pt layers with antiferromagnetic interlayer coupling. The particles are characterized by zero moment at remanence, low susceptibility at low fields, and a large saturated moment created by the stacking of the basic coupled bilayer motif. We demonstrate the transfer of magnetic properties from thin films to lithographically defined 2 μm particles which have been lifted off into solution. We simulate the minimum energy state of a synthetic antiferromagnetic bilayer system that is free to rotate in an applied field and show that the low field susceptibility of the system is equal to the magnetic hard axis followed by a sharp switch to full magnetization as the field is increased. This agrees with the experimental results and explains the behaviour of the particles in solution.

  13. The frustrated fcc antiferromagnet Ba2 YOsO6: Structural characterization, magnetic properties and neutron scattering studies

    DOE PAGES

    Kermarrec, E.; Marjerrison, Casey A.; Thompson, C. M.; ...

    2015-02-26

    Here we report the crystal structure, magnetization, and neutron scattering measurements on the double perovskite Ba2 YOsO6. The Fmmore » $$\\bar{3}$$m space group is found both at 290 K and 3.5 K with cell constants a0=8.3541(4) Å and 8.3435(4) Å, respectively. Os5+ (5d3) ions occupy a nondistorted, geometrically frustrated face-centered-cubic (fcc) lattice. A Curie-Weiss temperature θ ~₋700 K suggests the presence of a large antiferromagnetic interaction and a high degree of magnetic frustration. A magnetic transition to long-range antiferromagnetic order, consistent with a type-I fcc state below TN~69 K, is revealed by magnetization, Fisher heat capacity, and elastic neutron scattering, with an ordered moment of 1.65(6) μB on Os5+. The ordered moment is much reduced from either the expected spin-only value of ~3 μB or the value appropriate to 4d3 Ru5+ in isostructural Ba2 YRuO6 of 2.2(1) μB, suggesting a role for spin-orbit coupling (SOC). Triple-axis neutron scattering measurements of the order parameter suggest an additional first-order transition at T=67.45 K, and the existence of a second-ordered state. We find time-of-flight inelastic neutron results reveal a large spin gap Δ~17 meV, unexpected for an orbitally quenched, d3 electronic configuration. In conclusion, we discuss this in the context of the ~5 meV spin gap observed in the related Ru5+,4d3 cubic double perovskite Ba2YRuO6, and attribute the ~3 times larger gap to stronger SOC present in this heavier, 5d, osmate system.« less

  14. Antiferromagnetic anisotropy determination by spin Hall magnetoresistance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Hua; Hou, Dazhi; Qiu, Zhiyong; Kikkawa, Takashi; Saitoh, Eiji; Jin, Xiaofeng

    2017-08-01

    An electric method for measuring magnetic anisotropy in antiferromagnetic insulators (AFIs) is proposed. When a metallic film with strong spin-orbit interactions, e.g., platinum (Pt), is deposited on an AFI, its resistance should be affected by the direction of the AFI Néel vector due to the spin Hall magnetoresistance (SMR). Accordingly, the direction of the AFI Néel vector, which is affected by both the external magnetic field and the magnetic anisotropy, is reflected in resistance of Pt. The magnetic field angle dependence of the resistance of Pt on AFI is calculated by considering the SMR, which indicates that the antiferromagnetic anisotropy can be obtained experimentally by monitoring the Pt resistance in strong magnetic fields. Calculations are performed for realistic systems such as Pt/Cr2O3, Pt/NiO, and Pt/CoO.

  15. Antiferromagnetic order in hybrid electromagnetic metamaterials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miroshnichenko, Andrey E.; Filonov, Dmitry; Lukyanchuk, Boris; Kivshar, Yuri

    2017-08-01

    We demonstrate experimentally a new type of order in optical magnetism resembling the staggered structure of spins in antiferromagnetic ordered materials. We study hybrid electromagnetic metasurfaces created by assembling hybrid meta-atoms formed by metallic split-ring resonators and dielectric particles with a high refractive index, both supporting optically-induced magnetic dipole resonances of different origin. Each pair (or ‘metamolecule’) is characterized by two interacting magnetic dipole moments with the distance-dependent magnetization resembling the spin exchange interaction in magnetic materials. By directly mapping the structure of the electromagnetic fields, we demonstrate experimentally that strong coupling between the optically-induced magnetic moments of different origin can flip the magnetisation orientation in a metamolecule creating an antiferromagnetic lattice of staggered optically-induced magnetic moments in hybrid metasurfaces.

  16. Antiferromagnetic Ising Model in Hierarchical Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cheng, Xiang; Boettcher, Stefan

    2015-03-01

    The Ising antiferromagnet is a convenient model of glassy dynamics. It can introduce geometric frustrations and may give rise to a spin glass phase and glassy relaxation at low temperatures [ 1 ] . We apply the antiferromagnetic Ising model to 3 hierarchical networks which share features of both small world networks and regular lattices. Their recursive and fixed structures make them suitable for exact renormalization group analysis as well as numerical simulations. We first explore the dynamical behaviors using simulated annealing and discover an extremely slow relaxation at low temperatures. Then we employ the Wang-Landau algorithm to investigate the energy landscape and the corresponding equilibrium behaviors for different system sizes. Besides the Monte Carlo methods, renormalization group [ 2 ] is used to study the equilibrium properties in the thermodynamic limit and to compare with the results from simulated annealing and Wang-Landau sampling. Supported through NSF Grant DMR-1207431.

  17. Novel domain wall dynamics in synthetic antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, See-Hun; Parkin, Stuart

    2017-08-01

    In this article, we review fascinating new mechanisms on recently observed remarkable current driven domain wall motion in nanowires formed from perpendicularly magnetized synthetic antiferromagnets interfaced with heavy metallic layers, sources of spin-orbit torques. All the associated torques such as volumetric adiabatic and non-adiabatic spin-transfer-torque, spin-orbit torques, shape anisotropy field torques, Dzyaloshinkii-Moriya interaction torques and most importantly a new powerful torque, exchange coupling torque, will be discussed based on an analytical model that provides an intuitive description of domain wall dynamics in synthetic ferromagnets as well as synthetic antiferromagnets. In addition, the current driven DW motion in the presence of in-plane fields will be investigated, thus deepening our knowledge about the role of the exchange coupling torque, which will be of potential use for application to various novel spintronic devices.

  18. Modeling anisotropic magnetoresistance in layered antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Santos, D. L. R.; Pinheiro, F. A.; Velev, J.; Chshiev, M.; Castro, J. d.'Albuquerque e.; Lacroix, C.

    2017-06-01

    We have investigated the electronic transport and the anisotropic magnetoresistance in systems consisting of pairs of antiferromagnetically aligned layers separated by a non-magnetic layer, across which an antiferromagnetic coupling between the double layers is established. Calculations have been performed within the framework of the tight-binding model, taking into account the exchange coupling within the ferromagnetic layers and the Rashba spin-orbit interaction. Conductivities have been evaluated in the ballistic regime, based on Kubo formula. We have systematically studied the dependence of the conductivity and of the anisotropic magnetoresistance on several material and structural parameters, such as the orientation of the magnetic moments relative to the crystalline axis, band filling, out-of-plane hopping and spin-orbit parameter.

  19. Experimental estimation of discord in an antiferromagnetic Heisenberg compound

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, H.; Chakraborty, T.; Panigrahi, P. K.; Mitra, C.

    2015-03-01

    Temperature-dependent static magnetic susceptibility and heat capacity data were employed to quantify quantum discord in copper nitrate which is a spin 1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg system. With the help of existing theoretical formulations, quantum discord, mutual information, and purely classical correlation were estimated as a function of temperature using the experimental data. The experimentally quantified correlations estimated from susceptibility and heat capacity data are consistent with each other, and they exhibit a good match with theoretical predictions. Violation of Bell's inequality was also checked using the static magnetic susceptibility as well as heat capacity data. Quantum discord estimated from magnetic susceptibility as well as heat capacity data is found to be present in the thermal states of the system even when the system is in a separable state.

  20. Charge dynamics of the antiferromagnetically ordered Mott insulator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Han, Xing-Jie; Liu, Yu; Liu, Zhi-Yuan; Li, Xin; Chen, Jing; Liao, Hai-Jun; Xie, Zhi-Yuan; Normand, B.; Xiang, Tao

    2016-10-01

    We introduce a slave-fermion formulation in which to study the charge dynamics of the half-filled Hubbard model on the square lattice. In this description, the charge degrees of freedom are represented by fermionic holons and doublons and the Mott-insulating characteristics of the ground state are the consequence of holon-doublon bound-state formation. The bosonic spin degrees of freedom are described by the antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model, yielding long-ranged (Néel) magnetic order at zero temperature. Within this framework and in the self-consistent Born approximation, we perform systematic calculations of the average double occupancy, the electronic density of states, the spectral function and the optical conductivity. Qualitatively, our method reproduces the lower and upper Hubbard bands, the spectral-weight transfer into a coherent quasiparticle band at their lower edges and the renormalisation of the Mott gap, which is associated with holon-doublon binding, due to the interactions of both quasiparticle species with the magnons. The zeros of the Green function at the chemical potential give the Luttinger volume, the poles of the self-energy reflect the underlying quasiparticle dispersion with a spin-renormalised hopping parameter and the optical gap is directly related to the Mott gap. Quantitatively, the square-lattice Hubbard model is one of the best-characterised problems in correlated condensed matter and many numerical calculations, all with different strengths and weaknesses, exist with which to benchmark our approach. From the semi-quantitative accuracy of our results for all but the weakest interaction strengths, we conclude that a self-consistent treatment of the spin-fluctuation effects on the charge degrees of freedom captures all the essential physics of the antiferromagnetic Mott-Hubbard insulator. We remark in addition that an analytical approximation with these properties serves a vital function in developing a full understanding of the

  1. Half-metallic diluted antiferromagnetic semiconductors.

    PubMed

    Akai, H; Ogura, M

    2006-07-14

    The possibility of half-metallic antiferromagnetism, a special case of ferrimagnetism with a compensated magnetization, in the diluted magnetic semiconductors is highlighted on the basis of the first-principles electronic structure calculation. As typical examples, the electrical and magnetic properties of II-VI compound semiconductors doped with 3d transition metal ion pairs--(V, Co) and (Fe, Cr)--are discussed.

  2. Spin transfer in antiferromagnets (Conference Presentation)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moriyama, Takahiro

    2016-10-01

    Since antiferromagnets (AFMs) have no spontaneous magnetization unlike ferromagnetic materials, it is not easy to manipulate the magnetic moments in AFMs by external magnetic field. However, recent theoretical studies suggest that it is possible to manipulate the magnetization in AFMs by spin-transfer-torque in a similar manner to ferromagnetic materials. In this study, we perform spin-toque ferromagnetic resonance (ST-FMR) measurements on FeNi/NiO/Pt multilayers to experimentally investigate the interaction between the spin current and the magnetic moments of antiferromagnetic NiO. The spin current is injected to the NiO by the spin Hall effect in Pt. The monotonous change in the FMR linewidth of this system with respect to the spin current can be interpreted in a way that the spin current is transferred through the NiO and interacts with the FeNi. This intriguing spin current transport can be explained by the angular momentum transfer mediated by the antiferromagnetic magnons. The results assure that the spin current exerts a torque on the NiO magnetic moments and excites their dynamics. In the talk, recent results will be also discussed.

  3. Spin liquids and spin dynamics in kagome antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mendels, Philippe

    2006-03-01

    Among all the corner sharing highly frustrated magnets, only a few experimental systems are good candidates for a low-T fluctuating state, ie fulfilling the important conditions of the pure Heisenberg lattice with nn couplings. The combination of the weakness of the single-ion anisotropy and of a direct overlap antiferromagnetic exchange are certainly the major advantages of the chromate S=3/2 kagome bilayer Ba2Sn2ZnGa10-7pCr7pO22- BSZCGO(p)- and the long studied SrCr9pGa12-9pO19 - SCGO(p). Beyond the absence of ordering well below the Curie-Weiss temperature, the unusual large value of the specific heat unveils a high density of low lying excitations and its field independence suggests that the excited states are mostly singlets. Moreover, their ground state is found essentially fluctuating although an intrinsic spin glass (SG) signature is observed in susceptibility measurements. Through a review of our past years work, I'll illustrate all the potential of local studies (NMR and μSR) to reveal some key aspects of the physics of these compounds: susceptibility, fluctuations, impact of dilution defects which generate an extended response of the spin-lattice ... as well as the puzzling spin-glass state. More recently we also investigated new series of compounds, among them volborthite and delafossites which feature S=1/2 spins on a corner sharing antiferromagnetic lattice. I'll introduce these compounds and shortly discuss their relation to ideal Hamiltonians and novel features. - D. Bono et al.Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 187201 (2004), 92, 217202 (2004) ; Cond-mat/0503496. F. Bert et al. Phys. Rev. Lett., 95, 087203 (2005). L. Limot, et al., Phys. Rev. B, 65, 132403 (2002). P. Mendels et al. Phys. Rev. Lett., 85, 3496 (2000).

  4. Antiferromagnetic character of workplace stress

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Watanabe, Jun-Ichiro; Akitomi, Tomoaki; Ara, Koji; Yano, Kazuo

    2011-07-01

    We study the nature of workplace stress from the aspect of human-human interactions. We investigated the distribution of Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale scores, a measure of the degree of stress, in workplaces. We found that the degree of stress people experience when around other highly stressed people tends to be low, and vice versa. A simulation based on a model describing microlevel human-human interaction reproduced this observed phenomena and revealed that the energy state of a face-to-face communication network correlates with workplace stress macroscopically.

  5. Antiferromagnetic character of workplace stress.

    PubMed

    Watanabe, Jun-ichiro; Akitomi, Tomoaki; Ara, Koji; Yano, Kazuo

    2011-07-01

    We study the nature of workplace stress from the aspect of human-human interactions. We investigated the distribution of Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale scores, a measure of the degree of stress, in workplaces. We found that the degree of stress people experience when around other highly stressed people tends to be low, and vice versa. A simulation based on a model describing microlevel human-human interaction reproduced this observed phenomena and revealed that the energy state of a face-to-face communication network correlates with workplace stress macroscopically.

  6. High Antiferromagnetic Domain Wall Velocity Induced by Néel Spin-Orbit Torques.

    PubMed

    Gomonay, O; Jungwirth, T; Sinova, J

    2016-07-01

    We demonstrate the possibility to drive an antiferromagnetic domain wall at high velocities by fieldlike Néel spin-orbit torques. Such torques arise from current-induced local fields that alternate their orientation on each sublattice of the antiferromagnet and whose orientation depends primarily on the current direction, giving them their fieldlike character. The domain wall velocities that can be achieved by this mechanism are 2 orders of magnitude greater than the ones in ferromagnets. This arises from the efficiency of the staggered spin-orbit fields to couple to the order parameter and from the exchange-enhanced phenomena in antiferromagnetic texture dynamics, which leads to a low domain wall effective mass and the absence of a Walker breakdown limit. In addition, because of its nature, the staggered spin-orbit field can lift the degeneracy between two 180° rotated states in a collinear antiferromagnet, and it provides a force that can move such walls and control the switching of the states.

  7. GPU-Accelerated Population Annealing Algorithm: Frustrated Ising Antiferromagnet on the Stacked Triangular Lattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Borovský, Michal; Weigel, Martin; Barash, Lev Yu.; Žukovič, Milan

    2016-02-01

    The population annealing algorithm is a novel approach to study systems with rough free-energy landscapes, such as spin glasses. It combines the power of simulated annealing, Boltzmann weighted differential reproduction and sequential Monte Carlo process to bring the population of replicas to the equilibrium even in the low-temperature region. Moreover, it provides a very good estimate of the free energy. The fact that population annealing algorithm is performed over a large number of replicas with many spin updates, makes it a good candidate for massive parallelism. We chose the GPU programming using a CUDA implementation to create a highly optimized simulation. It has been previously shown for the frustrated Ising antiferromagnet on the stacked triangular lattice with a ferromagnetic interlayer coupling, that standard Markov Chain Monte Carlo simulations fail to equilibrate at low temperatures due to the effect of kinetic freezing of the ferromagnetically ordered chains. We applied the population annealing to study the case with the isotropic intra- and interlayer antiferromagnetic coupling (J2/|J1| = -1). The reached ground states correspond to non-magnetic degenerate states, where chains are antiferromagnetically ordered, but there is no long-range ordering between them, which is analogical with Wannier phase of the 2D triangular Ising antiferromagnet.

  8. High Antiferromagnetic Domain Wall Velocity Induced by Néel Spin-Orbit Torques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gomonay, O.; Jungwirth, T.; Sinova, J.

    2016-07-01

    We demonstrate the possibility to drive an antiferromagnetic domain wall at high velocities by fieldlike Néel spin-orbit torques. Such torques arise from current-induced local fields that alternate their orientation on each sublattice of the antiferromagnet and whose orientation depends primarily on the current direction, giving them their fieldlike character. The domain wall velocities that can be achieved by this mechanism are 2 orders of magnitude greater than the ones in ferromagnets. This arises from the efficiency of the staggered spin-orbit fields to couple to the order parameter and from the exchange-enhanced phenomena in antiferromagnetic texture dynamics, which leads to a low domain wall effective mass and the absence of a Walker breakdown limit. In addition, because of its nature, the staggered spin-orbit field can lift the degeneracy between two 180° rotated states in a collinear antiferromagnet, and it provides a force that can move such walls and control the switching of the states.

  9. Crystal Field Fluctuations in a Frustrated Pyrochlore Antiferromagnet Tb2Ti2O7.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Molavian, Hamid R.; Gingras, Michel J. P.

    2006-03-01

    The antiferromagnetic pyrochlore Tb2Ti2O7 presents a challenging puzzle to experimentalists and theorists studying frustrated magnets. Results from muon spin resonance and neutron scattering experiments for Tb2Ti2O7 reveal a paramagnetic structure down to 50 mK despite an antiferromagnetic Curie-Weiss temperature, θCW=-20 K. Crystal field calculations show that the Tb^3+ ion in Tb2Ti2O7 is a ground state doublet with local <111 > anisotropy and is separated from the first excited doublet state by a gap of 20K. We apply the Rayleigh-Schrodinger method to map the four states problem with exchange and dipole-dipole interactions onto an effective Hamiltonian with two states per ion. We give some properties of this effective Hamiltonian and discuss the possible classical and quantum phases of Tb2Ti2O7.

  10. Transition from the Z2 spin liquid to antiferromagnetic order: Spectrum on the torus

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Whitsitt, Seth; Sachdev, Subir

    2016-08-01

    We describe the finite-size spectrum in the vicinity of the quantum critical point between a Z2 spin liquid and a coplanar antiferromagnet on the torus. We obtain the universal evolution of all low-lying states in an antiferromagnet with global SU(2) spin rotation symmetry, as it moves from the fourfold topological degeneracy in a gapped Z2 spin liquid to the Anderson "tower-of-states" in the ordered antiferromagnet. Due to the existence of nontrivial order on either side of this transition, this critical point cannot be described in a conventional Landau-Ginzburg-Wilson framework. Instead, it is described by a theory involving fractionalized degrees of freedom known as the O (4) * model, whose spectrum is altered in a significant way by its proximity to a topologically ordered phase. We compute the spectrum by relating it to the spectrum of the O (4 ) Wilson-Fisher fixed point on the torus, modified with a selection rule on the states, and with nontrivial boundary conditions corresponding to topological sectors in the spin liquid. The spectrum of the critical O (2 N ) model is calculated directly at N =∞ , which then allows a reconstruction of the full spectrum of the O (2N ) * model at leading order in 1 /N . This spectrum is a unique characteristic of the vicinity of a fractionalized quantum critical point, as well as a universal signature of the existence of proximate Z2 topological and antiferromagnetically ordered phases, and can be compared with numerical computations on quantum antiferromagnets on two-dimensional lattices.

  11. Robust spin transfer torque in antiferromagnetic tunnel junctions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saidaoui, Hamed Ben Mohamed; Waintal, Xavier; Manchon, Aurélien

    2017-04-01

    We theoretically study the current-induced spin torque in antiferromagnetic tunnel junctions, composed of two semi-infinite antiferromagnetic layers separated by a tunnel barrier, in both clean and disordered regimes. We find that the torque enabling electrical manipulation of the Néel antiferromagnetic order parameter is out of plane, ˜n ×p , while the torque competing with the antiferromagnetic exchange is in plane, ˜n ×(p ×n ) . Here, p and n are the Néel order parameter direction of the reference and free layers, respectively. Their bias dependence shows behavior similar to that in ferromagnetic tunnel junctions, the in-plane torque being mostly linear in bias, while the out-of-plane torque is quadratic. Most importantly, we find that the spin transfer torque in antiferromagnetic tunnel junctions is much more robust against disorder than that in antiferromagnetic metallic spin valves due to the tunneling nature of spin transport.

  12. Modelling compensated antiferromagnetic interfaces with MuMax3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    De Clercq, Jonas; Leliaert, Jonathan; Van Waeyenberge, Bartel

    2017-10-01

    We show how compensated antiferromagnetic interfaces can be implemented in the micromagnetic simulation program MuMax3. We demonstrate that we can model spin flop coupling as a uniaxial anisotropy for small canting angles and how we can take into account the exact energy terms for strong coupling between a ferromagnet and a compensated antiferromagnet. We also investigate athermal training in biaxial antiferromagnets and reproduce the training effect in a polycrystalline IrMn/CoFe bilayer.

  13. Spin liquid state in the 3D frustrated antiferromagnet PbCuTe2O6: NMR and muon spin relaxation studies

    SciTech Connect

    Khuntia, P.; Bert, F.; Mendels, P.; Koteswararao, B.; Mahajan, A. V.; Baenitz, M.; Chou, F. C.; Baines, C.; Amato, A.; Furukawa, Y.

    2016-03-11

    In this study, PbCuTe2O6 is a rare example of a spin liquid candidate featuring a three-dimensional magnetic lattice. Strong geometric frustration arises from the dominant antiferromagnetic interaction that generates a hyperkagome network of Cu2+ ions although additional interactions enhance the magnetic lattice connectivity. Through a combination of magnetization measurements and local probe investigations by NMR and muon spin relaxation down to 20 mK, we provide robust evidence for the absence of magnetic freezing in the ground state. The local spin susceptibility probed by the NMR shift hardly deviates from the macroscopic one down to 1 K pointing to a homogeneous magnetic system with a low defect concentration. The saturation of the NMR shift and the sublinear power law temperature (T) evolution of the 1/T1 NMR relaxation rate at low T point to a nonsinglet ground state favoring a gapless fermionic description of the magnetic excitations. Below 1 K a pronounced slowing down of the spin dynamics is witnessed, which may signal a reconstruction of spinon Fermi surface. Nonetheless, the compound remains in a fluctuating spin liquid state down to the lowest temperature of the present investigation.

  14. Tunneling between the metallic antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic phases of La(1-x)Sr(x)MnO3 near x=0.5 by digital synthesis

    SciTech Connect

    Santos, Tiffany S.; Robertson, Lee; May, Stephen J.; Bhattacharya, Anand

    2009-01-01

    We investigated cation-ordered La1 xSrxMnO3 about the half-doping level x 0.5 in superlattices of alternating, single unit-cell layers of LaMnO3 and SrMnO3. The effect of La/Sr cation order was addressed by comparing the structural, magnetic and transport properties of these superlattices with random alloy films of equivalent composition. The samples were synthesized by ozone-assisted molecular beam epitaxy onto SrTiO3 substrates. The superlattices could be tuned between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic metallic states by inserting extra single unit-cell layers of LaMnO3 and SrMnO3, respectively. For x < 0.5, a ferromagnetic, metallic phase was observed. For x = 0.50 and 0.55, A-type antiferromagnetic order was confirmed by neutron diffraction, with a N eel temperature of 300 K, significantly higher than bulk values. The enhanced N eel temperature was attributed to lattice strain rather than cation order.

  15. Dynamics of antiferromagnetic skyrmion driven by the spin Hall effect

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jin, Chendong; Song, Chengkun; Wang, Jianbo; Liu, Qingfang

    2016-10-01

    Magnetic skyrmion moved by the spin-Hall effect is promising for the application of the generation racetrack memories. However, the Magnus force causes a deflected motion of skyrmion, which limits its application. Here, we create an antiferromagnetic skyrmion by injecting a spin-polarized pulse in the nanostripe and investigate the spin Hall effect-induced motion of antiferromagnetic skyrmion by micromagnetic simulations. In contrast to ferromagnetic skyrmion, we find that the antiferromagnetic skyrmion has three evident advantages: (i) the minimum driving current density of antiferromagnetic skyrmion is about two orders smaller than the ferromagnetic skyrmion; (ii) the velocity of the antiferromagnetic skyrmion is about 57 times larger than the ferromagnetic skyrmion driven by the same value of current density; (iii) antiferromagnetic skyrmion can be driven by the spin Hall effect without the influence of Magnus force. In addition, antiferromagnetic skyrmion can move around the pinning sites due to its property of topological protection. Our results present the understanding of antiferromagnetic skyrmion motion driven by the spin Hall effect and may also contribute to the development of antiferromagnetic skyrmion-based racetrack memories.

  16. Impurities near an antiferromagnetic-singlet quantum critical point

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mendes-Santos, T.; Costa, N. C.; Batrouni, G.; Curro, N.; dos Santos, R. R.; Paiva, T.; Scalettar, R. T.

    2017-02-01

    Heavy-fermion systems and other strongly correlated electron materials often exhibit a competition between antiferromagnetic (AF) and singlet ground states. Using exact quantum Monte Carlo simulations, we examine the effect of impurities in the vicinity of such an AF-singlet quantum critical point (QCP), through an appropriately defined "impurity susceptibility" χimp. Our key finding is a connection within a single calculational framework between AF domains induced on the singlet side of the transition and the behavior of the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) relaxation rate 1 /T1 . We show that local NMR measurements provide a diagnostic for the location of the QCP, which agrees remarkably well with the vanishing of the AF order parameter and large values of χimp.

  17. Impurities near an antiferromagnetic-singlet quantum critical point

    DOE PAGES

    Mendes-Santos, T.; Costa, N. C.; Batrouni, G.; ...

    2017-02-15

    Heavy-fermion systems and other strongly correlated electron materials often exhibit a competition between antiferromagnetic (AF) and singlet ground states. We examine the effect of impurities in the vicinity of such an AF-singlet quantum critical point (QCP), through an appropriately defined “impurity susceptibility” χimp, using exact quantum Monte Carlo simulations. Our key finding is a connection within a single calculational framework between AF domains induced on the singlet side of the transition and the behavior of the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) relaxation rate 1/T1. Furthermore, we show that local NMR measurements provide a diagnostic for the location of the QCP, whichmore » agrees remarkably well with the vanishing of the AF order parameter and large values of χimp.« less

  18. Enhanced antiferromagnetic exchange between magnetic impurities in a superconducting host.

    PubMed

    Yao, N Y; Glazman, L I; Demler, E A; Lukin, M D; Sau, J D

    2014-08-22

    It is generally believed that superconductivity only weakly affects the indirect exchange between magnetic impurities. If the distance r between impurities is smaller than the superconducting coherence length (r ≲ ξ), this exchange is thought to be dominated by Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida (RKKY) interactions, identical to the those in a normal metallic host. This perception is based on a perturbative treatment of the exchange interaction. Here, we provide a nonperturbative analysis and demonstrate that the presence of Yu-Shiba-Rusinov bound states induces a strong 1/r(2) antiferromagnetic interaction that can dominate over conventional RKKY even at distances significantly smaller than the coherence length (r ≪ ξ). Experimental signatures, implications, and applications are discussed.

  19. Edge and impurity response in two-dimensional quantum antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Metlitski, Max A.; Sachdev, Subir

    2008-11-01

    Motivated by recent Monte Carlo simulations of Höglund and Sandvik (arXiv:0808.0408), we study edge response in square lattice quantum antiferromagnets. We use the O(3) nonlinear σ model to compute the decay asymptotics of the staggered magnetization, energy density, and local magnetic susceptibility away from the edge. We find that the total edge susceptibility is negative and diverges logarithmically as the temperature T→0 . We confirm the predictions of the continuum theory by performing a 1/S expansion of the microscopic Heisenberg model with the edge. We propose a qualitative explanation of the edge dimerization seen in Monte Carlo simulations by a theory of valence-bond-solid correlations in the Néel state. We also discuss the extension of the latter theory to the response of a single nonmagnetic impurity, and its connection to the theory of the deconfined critical point.

  20. Qubit teleportation and transfer across antiferromagnetic spin chains.

    PubMed

    Campos Venuti, L; Degli Esposti Boschi, C; Roncaglia, M

    2007-08-10

    We explore the capability of spin-1/2 chains to act as quantum channels for both teleportation and transfer of qubits. Exploiting the emergence of long-distance entanglement in low-dimensional systems [Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 247206 (2006)10.1103/Phys.Rev.Lett.96, 247206(2006)], here we show how to obtain high communication fidelities between distant parties. An investigation of protocols of teleportation and state transfer is presented, in the realistic situation where temperature is included. Basing our setup on antiferromagnetic rotationally invariant systems, both protocols are represented by pure depolarizing channels. We propose a scheme where channel fidelity close to 1 can be achieved on very long chains at moderately small temperature.

  1. Monoclinic crystal structure of α-RuCl3 and the zigzag antiferromagnetic ground state

    SciTech Connect

    Johnson, R. D.; Williams, S. C.; Haghighirad, A. A.; Singleton, J.; Zapf, V.; Manuel, P.; Mazin, I. I.; Li, Y.; Jeschke, H. O.; Valentí, R.; Coldea, R.

    2015-12-10

    We have proposed the layered honeycomb magnet α - RuCl 3 as a candidate to realize a Kitaev spin model with strongly frustrated, bond-dependent, anisotropic interactions between spin-orbit entangled j eff = 1/2 Ru 3 + magnetic moments. We report a detailed study of the three-dimensional crystal structure using x-ray diffraction on untwinned crystals combined with structural relaxation calculations. We consider several models for the stacking of honeycomb layers and find evidence for a parent crystal structure with a monoclinic unit cell corresponding to a stacking of layers with a unidirectional in-plane offset, with occasional in-plane sliding stacking faults, in contrast with the currently assumed trigonal three-layer stacking periodicity. We also report electronic band-structure calculations for the monoclinic structure, which find support for the applicability of the j eff = 1/2 picture once spin-orbit coupling and electron correlations are included. Of the three nearest-neighbor Ru-Ru bonds that comprise the honeycomb lattice, the monoclinic structure makes the bond parallel to the b axis nonequivalent to the other two, and we propose that the resulting differences in the magnitude of the anisotropic exchange along these bonds could provide a natural mechanism to explain the previously reported spin gap in powder inelastic neutron scattering measurements, in contrast to spin models based on the three-fold symmetric trigonal structure, which predict a gapless spectrum within linear spin wave theory. Our susceptibility measurements on both powders and stacked crystals, as well as magnetic neutron powder diffraction, show a single magnetic transition upon cooling below T N ≈ 13 K. Our analysis of our neutron powder diffraction data provides evidence for zigzag magnetic order in the honeycomb layers with an antiferromagnetic stacking between layers. Magnetization measurements on stacked single crystals in

  2. Analysis of the antiferromagnetic phase transitions of the 2D Kondo lattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jones, Barbara

    2010-03-01

    The Kondo lattice continues to present an interesting and relevant challenge, with its interactions between Kondo, RKKY, and coherent order. We present our study[1] of the antiferromagnetic quantum phase transitions of a 2D Kondo-Heisenberg square lattice. Starting from the nonlinear sigma model as a model of antiferromagnetism, we carry out a renormalization group analysis of the competing Kondo-RKKY interaction to one-loop order in an ɛ-expansion. We find a new quantum critical point (QCP) strongly affected by Kondo fluctuations. Near this QCP, there is a breakdown of hydrodynamic behavior, and the spin waves are logarithmically frozen out. The renormalization group results allow us to propose a new phase diagram near the antiferromagnetic fixed point of this 2D Kondo lattice model. The T=0 phase diagram contains four phases separated by a tetracritical point, the new QCP. For small spin fluctuations, we find a stable local magnetic moment antiferromagnet. For stronger coupling, region II is a metallic quantum disordered paramagnet. We find in region III a paramagnetic phase driven by Kondo interactions, with possible ground states of a heavy fermion liquid or a Kondo driven spin-liquid. The fourth phase is a spiral phase, or a large-Fermi-surface antiferromagnetic phase. We will describe these phases in more detail, including possible experimental confirmation of the spiral phase. The existence of the tetracritical point found here would be expected to affect the phase diagram at finite temperatures as well. In addition, It is hoped that these results, and particularly the Kondo interaction paramagnetic phase, will serve to bridge to solutions starting from the opposite limit, of a Kondo effect leading to a heavy fermion ground state. Work in collaboration with T. Tzen Ong. [4pt] [1] T. Ong and B. A. Jones, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 066405 (2009).

  3. Breakdown of antiferromagnet order in polycrystalline NiFe/NiO bilayers probed with acoustic emission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lebyodkin, M. A.; Lebedkina, T. A.; Shashkov, I. V.; Gornakov, V. S.

    2017-07-01

    Magnetization reversal of polycrystalline NiFe/NiO bilayers was investigated using magneto-optical indicator film imaging and acoustic emission techniques. Sporadic acoustic signals were detected in a constant magnetic field after the magnetization reversal. It is suggested that they are related to elastic waves excited by sharp shocks in the NiO layer with strong magnetostriction. Their probability depends on the history and number of repetitions of the field cycling, thus testifying the thermal-activation nature of the long-time relaxation of an antiferromagnetic order. These results provide evidence of spontaneous thermally activated switching of the antiferromagnetic order in NiO grains during magnetization reversal in ferromagnet/antiferromagnet (FM/AFM) heterostructures. The respective deformation modes are discussed in terms of the thermal fluctuation aftereffect in the Fulcomer and Charap model which predicts that irreversible breakdown of the original spin orientation can take place in some antiferromagnetic grains with disordered anisotropy axes during magnetization reversal of exchange-coupled FM/AFM structures. The spin reorientation in the saturated state may induce abrupt distortion of isolated metastable grains because of the NiO magnetostriction, leading to excitation of shock waves and formation of plate (or Lamb) waves.

  4. Superconductivity in the vicinity of antiferromagnetic order in CrAs.

    PubMed

    Wu, Wei; Cheng, Jinguang; Matsubayashi, Kazuyuki; Kong, Panpan; Lin, Fukun; Jin, Changqing; Wang, Nanlin; Uwatoko, Yoshiya; Luo, Jianlin

    2014-11-19

    One of the common features of unconventional superconducting systems such as the heavy-fermion, high transition-temperature cuprate and iron-pnictide superconductors is that the superconductivity emerges in the vicinity of long-range antiferromagnetically ordered state. In addition to doping charge carriers, the application of external pressure is an effective and clean approach to induce unconventional superconductivity near a magnetic quantum critical point. Here we report on the discovery of superconductivity on the verge of antiferromagnetic order in CrAs via the application of external pressure. Bulk superconductivity with Tc≈2 K emerges at the critical pressure Pc≈8 kbar, where the first-order antiferromagnetic transition at T(N)≈265 K under ambient pressure is completely suppressed. The close proximity of superconductivity to an antiferromagnetic order suggests an unconventional pairing mechanism for CrAs. The present finding opens a new avenue for searching novel superconductors in the Cr and other transition metal-based systems.

  5. Griffiths singularities in the random quantum Ising antiferromagnet: A tree tensor network renormalization group study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Yu-Ping; Kao, Ying-Jer; Chen, Pochung; Lin, Yu-Cheng

    2017-08-01

    The antiferromagnetic Ising chain in both transverse and longitudinal magnetic fields is one of the paradigmatic models of a quantum phase transition. The antiferromagnetic system exhibits a zero-temperature critical line separating an antiferromagnetic phase and a paramagnetic phase; the critical line connects an integrable quantum critical point at zero longitudinal field and a classical first-order transition point at zero transverse field. Using a strong-disorder renormalization group method formulated as a tree tensor network, we study the zero-temperature phase of the quantum Ising chain with bond randomness. We introduce a new matrix product operator representation of high-order moments, which provides an efficient and accurate tool for determining quantum phase transitions via the Binder cumulant of the order parameter. Our results demonstrate an infinite-randomness quantum critical point in zero longitudinal field accompanied by pronounced quantum Griffiths singularities, arising from rare ordered regions with anomalously slow fluctuations inside the paramagnetic phase. The strong Griffiths effects are signaled by a large dynamical exponent z >1 , which characterizes a power-law density of low-energy states of the localized rare regions and becomes infinite at the quantum critical point. Upon application of a longitudinal field, the quantum phase transition between the paramagnetic phase and the antiferromagnetic phase is completely destroyed. Furthermore, quantum Griffiths effects are suppressed, showing z <1 , when the dynamics of the rare regions is hampered by the longitudinal field.

  6. Resonant magnetic exciton mode in the heavy-fermion antiferromagnet CeB₆.

    PubMed

    Friemel, G; Li, Yuan; Dukhnenko, A V; Shitsevalova, N Y; Sluchanko, N E; Ivanov, A; Filipov, V B; Keimer, B; Inosov, D S

    2012-05-15

    Resonant magnetic excitations are recognised as hallmarks of unconventional superconductivity in copper oxides, iron pnictides and heavy-fermion compounds. Model calculations have related these modes to the microscopic properties of the pair wave function, but the mechanisms of their formation are still debated. Here we report the discovery of a similar resonant mode in the non-superconducting antiferromagnetic heavy-fermion metal CeB(6). Unlike conventional magnons, the mode is non-dispersive and is sharply peaked around a wave vector separate from those characterising the antiferromagnetic order. It is likely associated with a co-existing order parameter of the unusual antiferro-quadrupolar phase of CeB(6), which has long remained hidden to neutron-scattering probes. The mode energy increases continuously below the onset temperature for antiferromagnetism, in parallel to the opening of a nearly isotropic spin gap throughout the Brillouin zone. These attributes are similar to those of the resonant modes in unconventional superconductors. This unexpected commonality between the two disparate ground states indicates the dominance of itinerant spin dynamics in the ordered low-temperature phases of CeB(6) and throws new light on the interplay between antiferromagnetism, superconductivity and 'hidden' order parameters in correlated-electron materials.

  7. Spectral functions of lightly doped antiferromagnets using dressed hole operators

    SciTech Connect

    Riera, J.A.; Dagotto, E.

    1997-06-01

    Literature addressing the existence of hole pockets in experiments for the high-T{sub c} cuprates and in theoretical analysis of electronic models of correlated electrons is reviewed. It is argued that the issue is not conclusively resolved, both in theory and experiments. The apparently large Fermi surface observed in numerical studies of the doped Hubbard and t-J models suggests the presence of 1{minus}x carriers (with x the concentration of holes). However, this is in contradiction with results obtained in similar calculations for the Drude weight which scales with x at low doping. To address such a paradox, {ital dressed} operators are here used. Their spectral decomposition A({bold k},{omega}) is analyzed specially using the t-J model on ladders, but considering also chains and two-dimensional (2D) clusters. The results are contrasted against those obtained with the standard bare operators. It is concluded that substantial changes in the spectral weight can occur by replacing the bare hole creation operator by its dressed version. Apparently large Fermi surfaces can turn into small ones by working with quasiparticle (qp) operators that represent accurately the state of one hole. Thus, large Fermi surfaces in angle-resolved photoemission (ARPES), obtained by the sudden removal of an electron, may not be in contradiction with a visualization of the normal state of lightly doped antiferromagnets as composed of a gas of spin polarons with energies approximately obtained from the rigid band doping of the half-filled dispersion. The coexistence of a large Fermi surface in ARPES with, e.g., a holelike Hall coefficient seems possible in systems with strong correlations. In this paper the expression hole pocket is used as representing a large accumulation of spectral weight centered at {bold k}=({plus_minus}{pi}/2,{plus_minus}{pi}/2) generated by antiferromagnetic correlations in 2D clusters, or in analogous positions for ladders and chains. (Abstract Truncated)

  8. Influence of the antiferromagnetic spin density wave on the magnetoresistance of Cr

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Soh, Yeong-Ah; Kummamuru, Ravi

    2007-03-01

    We have performed magnetotransport measurements on Cr films that are 350, 56, 43 and 18 nm thick. The magnetoresistance with the field perpendicular to the film plane shows a clear increase below the Neel temperature and is accompanied by an anomalous negative magnetoresistance at the Neel temperature. The orbital magnetoresistance satisfies the Kohler's rule in the paramagnetic state but violates it in the Neel state. The Hall resistance shows temperature dependence in the paramagnetic state, which was previously suggested to be indicative of a pseudogap [1]. We explain the above phenomena by the evolution of the electronic structure due to the formation of antiferromagnetic spin density wave, the influence of antiferromagnetic domain walls, and the existence of more than one scattering time. [1] ``Quantum phase transition in a common metal'', A. Yeh, Y-A. Soh, J. Brooke, G. Aeppli, T. F. Rosenbaum, and S. M. Hayden, Nature (London) 419, 459 (2002).

  9. Switching of antiferromagnetic chains with magnetic pulses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tao, Kun; Polyakov, Oleg P.; Stepanyuk, Valeri S.

    2016-04-01

    Recent experimental studies have demonstrated the possibility of information storage in short antiferromagnetic chains on an insulator substrate [S. Loth et al., Science 335, 196 (2012), 10.1126/science.1214131]. Here, using the density functional theory and atomistic spin dynamics simulations, we show that a local magnetic control of such chains with a magnetic tip and magnetic pulses can be used for fast switching of their magnetization. Furthermore, by changing the position of the tip one can engineer the magnetization dynamics of the chains.

  10. Spin-mechanical inertia in antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cheng, Ran; Wu, Xiaochuan; Xiao, Di

    2017-08-01

    Angular-momentum conservation has served as a guiding principle in the interplay between spin dynamics and mechanical rotations. However, in an antiferromagnet with vanishing magnetization, new fundamental rules are required to properly describe spin-mechanical phenomena. Here we show that the Néel order dynamics affects the mechanical motion of a rigid body by modifying its inertia tensor in the presence of strong magnetocrystalline anisotropy. This effect depends on temperature when magnon excitations are considered. Such a spin-mechanical inertia can produce measurable consequences at small scales.

  11. Ferrimagnetism in a transverse Ising antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaneyoshi, T.

    2016-05-01

    The phase diagrams and temperature dependences of total magnetization mT in a transverse Ising antiferromagnet consisting of alternating two (A and B) layers are studied by the uses of the effective-field theory with correlations and the mean-field-theory. A lot of characteristic phenomena, namely ferrimagnetic behaviors, have been found in the mT, when the crystallographically equivalent conditions between the A and B layers are broken. The appearance of a compensation point has been found below its transition temperature.

  12. High-Tc spin superfluidity in antiferromagnets.

    PubMed

    Bunkov, Yu M; Alakshin, E M; Gazizulin, R R; Klochkov, A V; Kuzmin, V V; L'vov, V S; Tagirov, M S

    2012-04-27

    We report the observation of the unusual behavior of induction decay signals in antiferromagnetic monocrystals with Suhl-Nakamura interactions. The signals show the formation of the Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) of magnons and the existence of spin supercurrent, in complete analogy with the spin superfluidity in the superfluid (3)He and the atomic BEC of quantum gases. In the experiments described here, the temperature of the magnon BEC is a thousand times larger than in the superfluid (3)He. It opens a possibility to apply the spin supercurrent for various magnetic spintronics applications.

  13. Phase diagram for antiferromagnetism and superconductivity in the pressure-induced heavy-fermion superconductor Ce2RhIn8 probed by I115n-NQR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yashima, M.; Taniguchi, S.; Miyazaki, H.; Mukuda, H.; Kitaoka, Y.; Shishido, H.; Settai, R.; Ōnuki, Y.

    2009-11-01

    We present a phase diagram for the antiferromagnetism and superconductivity in Ce2RhIn8 probed by In-NQR studies under pressure (P) . The quasi-two-dimensional character of antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations in the paramagnetic state at P=0 evolves into a three-dimensional character because of the suppression of antiferromagnetic order for P>PQCP˜1.36GPa (QCP: quantum critical point). Nuclear-spin-lattice relaxation rate 1/T1 measurements revealed that the superconducting order occurs in the P range 1.36-1.84 GPa, with maximum Tc˜0.9K around PQCP˜1.36GPa .

  14. Direct measurement of voltage-controlled reversal of the antiferromagnetic spin structure in magnetoelectric Cr2O3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Junlei; Binek, Christian

    The frequency dependence of the electric field induced magneto-optical Faraday effect is investigated in the magnetoelectric antiferromagnet chromia. Two electrically induced Faraday signals superimpose in proportion to the linear magnetoelectric susceptibility and the antiferromagnetic order parameter. The relative strength of these contributions is determined by the frequency of the probing light beam. It allows tuning the Faraday signal between extreme characteristics which follow the temperature dependence of the magnetoelectric susceptibility or solely that of the antiferromagnetic order parameter. The frequency dependence is analyzed in terms of electric dipole transitions of perturbed Cr3 + crystal-field states. The results lead to a table-top set-up allowing to measure voltage-controlled selection and temperature dependence of the antiferromagnetic order parameter. The Faraday rotation per applied voltage is independent of the sample thickness making the method scalable and versatile for thin film investigations. Scalability, compactness, and simplicity of the data analysis combined with low photon flux requirements make the Faraday approach advantageous for the investigation of the otherwise difficult to access voltage-controlled switching of antiferromagnetic domain states in magnetoelectric thin films. This project is supported by NRI via CNFD through tasks SRC 2398.001 and 2587.001, by C-SPIN, a SRC program, sponsored by MARCO and DARPA, and by NSF through Nebraska MRSEC DMR-1420645.

  15. Direct manipulation of the uncompensated antiferromagnetic spins in exchange coupled system by GeV ion irradiation

    SciTech Connect

    Paul, Amitesh; Boeni, P.; Paul, N.; Hoepfner, Britta; Lauermann, Iver; Lux-Steiner, M.; Trautmann, C.; Mattauch, S.

    2012-06-18

    Incident ion energy to matrix electrons of a material is dissipated within a narrow cylinder surrounding the swift heavy ion path. The temperature of the lattice exceeds the melting point and upon quenching causes nanometric modifications. We present here a unique ex situ approach in manipulating the uncompensated spins in antiferromagnetic layers of ferro-/antiferromagnetic exchange coupled systems on a nanometric scale. We use the impact of relativistic heavy ion (1-2 GeV) irradiation on such systems. We find an increase in the bias field and a restoration of the reversal via domain nucleation in the trained state. These are identified as plausible results of ion-induced antiferromagnetic ordering with little or no effect on the layer structure. This study demonstrates, therefore, the possibility of nanoscale tailoring of exchange coupled systems that survive even in the trained state.

  16. Antiferromagnetic phase diagram of the cuprate superconductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nunes, L. H. C. M.; Teixeira, A. W.; Marino, E. C.

    2017-02-01

    Taking the spin-fermion model as the starting point for describing the cuprate superconductors, we obtain an effective nonlinear sigma-field hamiltonian, which takes into account the effect of doping in the system. We obtain an expression for the spin-wave velocity as a function of the chemical potential. For appropriate values of the parameters we determine the antiferromagnetic phase diagram for the YBa2Cu3O6+x compound as a function of the dopant concentration in good agreement with the experimental data. Furthermore, our approach provides a unified description for the phase diagrams of the hole-doped and the electron doped compounds, which is consistent with the remarkable similarity between the phase diagrams of these compounds, since we have obtained the suppression of the antiferromagnetic phase as the modulus of the chemical potential increases. The aforementioned result then follows by considering positive values of the chemical potential related to the addition of holes to the system, while negative values correspond to the addition of electrons.

  17. Competing antiferromagnetic and spin-glass phases in a hollandite structure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crespo, Y.; Andreanov, A.; Seriani, N.

    2013-07-01

    We introduce a simple lattice model with Ising spins as a zeroth-order approximation of the hollandite-type magnetic compounds. We argue that geometrical frustration of the lattice in combination with nearest-neighbor antiferromagnetic (AFM) interactions are responsible for the appearance of a spin-glass phase in presence of disorder. We investigate this system numerically using parallel tempering. The model reproduces magnetic transitions present in some oxides with hollandite structure and displays a rich phenomenology: in the absence of disorder we have identified five different ground states, depending on the relative strength and sign of the interactions: one ferromagnetically ordered, three antiferromagnetically ordered, and one disordered, macroscopically degenerate ground state. Remarkably, for the sets of AFM couplings having an AFM ground state in the clean system, there exists a critical value of the disorder above which the ground state becomes a spin glass while maintaining all the couplings antiferromagnetically. This model presents this kind of transition with nearest-neighbor frustrated AFM interactions. We argue that this model is useful for understanding the relation between AFM coupling, disorder, and appearance of spin-glass phases.

  18. Tailoring exchange couplings in magnetic topological-insulator/antiferromagnet heterostructures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, Qing Lin; Kou, Xufeng; Grutter, Alexander J.; Yin, Gen; Pan, Lei; Che, Xiaoyu; Liu, Yuxiang; Nie, Tianxiao; Zhang, Bin; Disseler, Steven M.; Kirby, Brian J.; Ratcliff, William, II; Shao, Qiming; Murata, Koichi; Zhu, Xiaodan; Yu, Guoqiang; Fan, Yabin; Montazeri, Mohammad; Han, Xiaodong; Borchers, Julie A.; Wang, Kang L.

    2017-01-01

    Magnetic topological insulators such as Cr-doped (Bi,Sb)2Te3 provide a platform for the realization of versatile time-reversal symmetry-breaking physics. By constructing heterostructures exhibiting Néel order in an antiferromagnetic CrSb and ferromagnetic order in Cr-doped (Bi,Sb)2Te3, we realize emergent interfacial magnetic phenomena which can be tailored through artificial structural engineering. Through deliberate geometrical design of heterostructures and superlattices, we demonstrate the use of antiferromagnetic exchange coupling in manipulating the magnetic properties of magnetic topological insulators. Proximity effects are shown to induce an interfacial spin texture modulation and establish an effective long-range exchange coupling mediated by antiferromagnetism, which significantly enhances the magnetic ordering temperature in the superlattice. This work provides a new framework on integrating topological insulators with antiferromagnetic materials and unveils new avenues towards dissipationless topological antiferromagnetic spintronics.

  19. Tailoring exchange couplings in magnetic topological-insulator/antiferromagnet heterostructures.

    PubMed

    He, Qing Lin; Kou, Xufeng; Grutter, Alexander J; Yin, Gen; Pan, Lei; Che, Xiaoyu; Liu, Yuxiang; Nie, Tianxiao; Zhang, Bin; Disseler, Steven M; Kirby, Brian J; Ratcliff Ii, William; Shao, Qiming; Murata, Koichi; Zhu, Xiaodan; Yu, Guoqiang; Fan, Yabin; Montazeri, Mohammad; Han, Xiaodong; Borchers, Julie A; Wang, Kang L

    2017-01-01

    Magnetic topological insulators such as Cr-doped (Bi,Sb)2Te3 provide a platform for the realization of versatile time-reversal symmetry-breaking physics. By constructing heterostructures exhibiting Néel order in an antiferromagnetic CrSb and ferromagnetic order in Cr-doped (Bi,Sb)2Te3, we realize emergent interfacial magnetic phenomena which can be tailored through artificial structural engineering. Through deliberate geometrical design of heterostructures and superlattices, we demonstrate the use of antiferromagnetic exchange coupling in manipulating the magnetic properties of magnetic topological insulators. Proximity effects are shown to induce an interfacial spin texture modulation and establish an effective long-range exchange coupling mediated by antiferromagnetism, which significantly enhances the magnetic ordering temperature in the superlattice. This work provides a new framework on integrating topological insulators with antiferromagnetic materials and unveils new avenues towards dissipationless topological antiferromagnetic spintronics.

  20. The ? - ? antiferromagnet on the square lattice with Dzyaloshinskii - Moriya interaction: an exact diagonalization study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Voigt, Andreas; Richter, Johannes

    1996-07-01

    We examine the influence of an anisotropic interaction term of Dzyaloshinskii - Moriya (DM) type on the ground state ordering of the 0953-8984/8/27/015/img3 - 0953-8984/8/27/015/img4 spin-0953-8984/8/27/015/img5 Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the square lattice. For the DM term we consider several symmetries corresponding to different crystal structures. For the pure 0953-8984/8/27/015/img3 - 0953-8984/8/27/015/img4 model there are strong indications for a quantum spin liquid in the region of 0953-8984/8/27/015/img8. We find that a DM interaction influences the breakdown of the conventional antiferromagnetic order by (i) shifting the spin-liquid region, (ii) changing the isotropic character of the ground state towards anisotropic correlations and (iii) creating for certain symmetries a net ferromagnetic moment.

  1. Solution of the antiferromagnetic Ising model on a tetrahedron recursive lattice.

    PubMed

    Jurčišinová, E; Jurčišin, M

    2014-03-01

    We consider the antiferromagnetic spin-1/2 Ising model on the recursive tetrahedron lattice on which two elementary tetrahedrons are connected at each site. The model represents the simplest approximation of the antiferromagnetic Ising model on the real three-dimensional tetrahedron lattice which takes into account effects of frustration. An exact analytical solution of the model is found and discussed. It is shown that the model exhibits neither the first-order nor the second-order phase transitions. A detailed analysis of the magnetization of the model in the presence of the external magnetic field is performed and the existence of the magnetization plateaus for low temperatures is shown. All possible ground states of the model are found and discussed. The existence of nontrivial singular ground states is proven and exact explicit expressions for them are found.

  2. Current driven spin–orbit torque oscillator: ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic coupling

    PubMed Central

    Johansen, Øyvind; Linder, Jacob

    2016-01-01

    We consider theoretically the impact of Rashba spin–orbit coupling on spin torque oscillators (STOs) in synthetic ferromagnets and antiferromagnets that have either a bulk multilayer or a thin film structure. The synthetic magnets consist of a fixed polarizing layer and two free magnetic layers that interact through the Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida interaction. We determine analytically which collinear states along the easy axis that are stable, and establish numerically the phase diagram for when the system is in the STO mode and when collinear configurations are stable, respectively. It is found that the Rashba spin–orbit coupling can induce anti-damping in the vicinity of the collinear states, which assists the spin transfer torque in generating self-sustained oscillations, and that it can substantially increase the STO part of the phase diagram. Moreover, we find that the STO phase can extend deep into the antiferromagnetic regime in the presence of spin–orbit torques. PMID:27653357

  3. Field-Tuned Order by Disorder in Frustrated Ising Magnets with Antiferromagnetic Interactions.

    PubMed

    Guruciaga, P C; Tarzia, M; Ferreyra, M V; Cugliandolo, L F; Grigera, S A; Borzi, R A

    2016-10-14

    We demonstrate the appearance of thermal order by disorder in Ising pyrochlores with staggered antiferromagnetic order frustrated by an applied magnetic field. We use a mean-field cluster variational method, a low-temperature expansion, and Monte Carlo simulations to characterize the order-by-disorder transition. By direct evaluation of the density of states, we quantitatively show how a symmetry-broken state is selected by thermal excitations. We discuss the relevance of our results to experiments in 2D and 3D samples and evaluate how anomalous finite-size effects could be exploited to detect this phenomenon experimentally in two-dimensional artificial systems, or in antiferromagnetic all-in-all-out pyrochlores like Nd_{2}Hf_{2}O_{7} or Nd_{2}Zr_{2}O_{7}, for the first time.

  4. Field-Tuned Order by Disorder in Frustrated Ising Magnets with Antiferromagnetic Interactions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guruciaga, P. C.; Tarzia, M.; Ferreyra, M. V.; Cugliandolo, L. F.; Grigera, S. A.; Borzi, R. A.

    2016-10-01

    We demonstrate the appearance of thermal order by disorder in Ising pyrochlores with staggered antiferromagnetic order frustrated by an applied magnetic field. We use a mean-field cluster variational method, a low-temperature expansion, and Monte Carlo simulations to characterize the order-by-disorder transition. By direct evaluation of the density of states, we quantitatively show how a symmetry-broken state is selected by thermal excitations. We discuss the relevance of our results to experiments in 2D and 3D samples and evaluate how anomalous finite-size effects could be exploited to detect this phenomenon experimentally in two-dimensional artificial systems, or in antiferromagnetic all-in-all-out pyrochlores like Nd2 Hf2 O7 or Nd2 Zr2 O7 , for the first time.

  5. Valence bond distribution and correlation in bipartite Heisenberg antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schwandt, David; Alet, Fabien; Oshikawa, Masaki

    2014-03-01

    Every singlet state of a quantum spin-1/2 system can be decomposed into a linear combination of valence bond basis states. The range of valence bonds within this linear combination as well as the correlations between them can reveal the nature of the singlet state and are key ingredients in variational calculations. In this work, we study the bipartite valence bond distributions and their correlations within the ground state of the Heisenberg antiferromagnet on bipartite lattices. In terms of field theory, this problem can be mapped to correlation functions near a boundary. In dimension d ≥2, a nonlinear σ model analysis reveals that at long distances the probability distribution P (r) of valence bond lengths decays as |r|-d-1 and that valence bonds are uncorrelated. By a bosonization analysis, we also obtain P(r )∝|r|-d-1 in d =1 despite the different mechanism. On the other hand, we find that correlations between valence bonds are important even at large distances in d =1, in stark contrast to d ≥2. The analytical results are confirmed by high-precision quantum Monte Carlo simulations in d =1, 2, and 3. We develop a single-projection loop variant of the valence bond projection algorithm, which is well designed to compute valence bond probabilities and for which we provide algorithmic details.

  6. Cluster multipole theory for anomalous Hall effect in antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suzuki, M.-T.; Koretsune, T.; Ochi, M.; Arita, R.

    2017-03-01

    We introduce a cluster extension of multipole moments to discuss the anomalous Hall effect (AHE) in both ferromagnetic (FM) and antiferromagnetic (AFM) states in a unified framework. We first derive general symmetry requirements for the AHE in the presence or absence of the spin-orbit coupling by considering the symmetry of the Berry curvature in k space. The cluster multipole (CMP) moments are then defined to quantify the macroscopic magnetization in noncollinear AFM states as a natural generalization of the magnetization in FM states. We identify the macroscopic CMP order which induces the AHE. The theoretical framework is applied to the noncollinear AFM states of Mn3Ir , for which an AHE was predicted in a first-principles calculation, and Mn3Z (Z =Sn ,Ge ), for which a large AHE was recently discovered experimentally. We further compare the AHE in Mn3Z and bcc Fe in terms of the CMP. We show that the AHE in Mn3Z is characterized by the magnetization of a cluster octupole moment in the same manner as that in bcc Fe characterized by the magnetization of the dipole moment.

  7. Remanent Magnetization: Signature of Many-Body Localization in Quantum Antiferromagnets.

    PubMed

    Ros, V; Müller, M

    2017-06-09

    We study the remanent magnetization in antiferromagnetic, many-body localized quantum spin chains, initialized in a fully magnetized state. Its long time limit is an order parameter for the localization transition, which is readily accessible by standard experimental probes in magnets. We analytically calculate its value in the strong-disorder regime exploiting the explicit construction of quasilocal conserved quantities of the localized phase. We discuss analogies in cold atomic systems.

  8. Negative lattice expansion from the superconductivity--antiferromagnetism crossover in ruthenium copper oxides.

    PubMed

    McLaughlin, A C; Sher, F; Attfield, J P

    2005-08-11

    The mechanism of high-transition-temperature (high-T(c)) superconductivity in doped copper oxides is an enduring problem. Antiferromagnetism is established as the competing order, but the relationship between the two states in the intervening 'pseudogap' regime has become a central puzzle. The role of the crystal lattice, which is important in conventional superconductors, also remains unclear. Here we report an anomalous increase of the distance between copper oxide planes on cooling, which results in negative thermal volume expansion, for layered ruthenium copper oxides that have been doped to the boundary of antiferromagnetism and superconductivity. We propose that a crossover between these states is driven by spin ordering in the ruthenium oxide layers, revealing a novel mechanism for negative lattice expansion in solids. The differences in volume and lattice strain between the distinct superconducting and antiferromagnetic states can account for the phase segregation phenomena found extensively in low-doped copper oxides, and show that Cooper pair formation is coupled to the lattice. Unusually large variations of resistivity with magnetic field are found in these ruthenium copper oxides at low temperatures through coupling between the ordered Ru and Cu spins.

  9. Critical two-dimensional Ising model with free, fixed ferromagnetic, fixed antiferromagnetic, and double antiferromagnetic boundaries.

    PubMed

    Wu, Xintian; Izmailyan, Nickolay

    2015-01-01

    The critical two-dimensional Ising model is studied with four types boundary conditions: free, fixed ferromagnetic, fixed antiferromagnetic, and fixed double antiferromagnetic. Using bond propagation algorithms with surface fields, we obtain the free energy, internal energy, and specific heat numerically on square lattices with a square shape and various combinations of the four types of boundary conditions. The calculations are carried out on the square lattices with size N×N and 30

  10. Physical properties of metallic antiferromagneticCaCo1.86As2 single crystals

    SciTech Connect

    Anand, V. K.; Dhaka, Rajendra S.; Lee, Yongbin; Harmon, Bruce N.; Kaminski, Adam; Johnston, David C.

    2014-06-01

    X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), magnetic susceptibility χ, isothermal magnetization M, heat capacity Cp, and in-plane electrical resistivity ρ measurements as a function of temperature T and magnetic field H are presented for CaCo1.86As2 single crystals. The electronic structure is probed by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) measurements of CaCo1.86As2 and by full-potential linearized augmented-plane-wave calculations for the supercell Ca8Co15As16 (CaCo1.88As2). Our XRD crystal structure refinement is consistent with the previous combined refinement of x-ray and neutron powder diffraction data showing a collapsed-tetragonal ThCr2Si2-type structure with 7(1)% vacancies on the Co sites corresponding to the composition CaCo1.86As2 [D. G. Quirinale et al., Phys. Rev. B 88, 174420 (2013)]. The anisotropic χ(T) data are consistent with the magnetic neutron diffraction data of Quirianale et al. that demonstrate the presence of A-type collinear antiferromagnetic order below the Néel temperature TN=52(1) K with the easy axis being the tetragonal c axis. However, no clear evidence from the ρ(T) and Cp(T) data for a magnetic transition at TN is observed. A metallic ground state is demonstrated from the band calculations and the ρ(T), Cp(T), and ARPES data, and spin-polarized calculations indicate a competition between the A-type AFM and FM ground states. The Cp(T) data exhibit a large Sommerfield electronic coefficient reflecting a large density of states at the Fermi energy D(EF) that is enhanced compared with the band structure calculation where the bare D(EF) arises from Co 3d bands. At 1.8 K, the M(H) data for H∥c exhibit a well-defined first-order spin-flop transition at an applied field of 3.5 T. The small ordered moment of ≈0.3μB/Co obtained from the M(H) data at low T, the large exchange enhancement of χ and the lack of a self-consistent interpretation of the χ(T) and M(H,T) data in terms of a local moment Heisenberg model together

  11. Spin supercurrent in the canted antiferromagnetic phase

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hama, Yusuke; Tsitsishvili, George; Ezawa, Zyun F.

    2013-03-01

    The spin and layer (pseudospin) degrees of freedom are entangled coherently in the canted antiferromagnetic phase of the bilayer quantum Hall system at the filling factor ν=2. A complex Goldstone mode emerges describing such a combined degree of freedom. In the zero tunneling-interaction limit (ΔSAS→0), its phase field provokes a supercurrent carrying both spin and charge within each layer. The Hall resistance is predicted to become anomalous precisely as in the ν=1 bilayer system in the counterflow and drag experiments. Furthermore, it is shown that the total current flowing in the bilayer system is a supercurrent carrying solely spins in the counterflow geometry. It is intriguing that all these phenomena occur only in imbalanced bilayer systems.

  12. Strong correlation induced charge localization in antiferromagnets

    PubMed Central

    Zhu, Zheng; Jiang, Hong-Chen; Qi, Yang; Tian, Chushun; Weng, Zheng-Yu

    2013-01-01

    The fate of a hole injected in an antiferromagnet is an outstanding issue of strongly correlated physics. It provides important insights into doped Mott insulators closely related to high-temperature superconductivity. Here, we report a systematic numerical study of t-J ladder systems based on the density matrix renormalization group. It reveals a surprising result for the single hole's motion in an otherwise well-understood undoped system. Specifically, we find that the common belief of quasiparticle picture is invalidated by the self-localization of the doped hole. In contrast to Anderson localization caused by disorders, the charge localization discovered here is an entirely new phenomenon purely of strong correlation origin. It results from destructive quantum interference of novel signs picked up by the hole, and since the same effect is of a generic feature of doped Mott physics, our findings unveil a new paradigm which may go beyond the single hole doped system. PMID:24002668

  13. Antiferromagnetic ordering in MnF(salen).

    PubMed

    Čižmár, Erik; Risset, Olivia N; Wang, Tong; Botko, Martin; Ahir, Akhil R; Andrus, Matthew J; Park, Ju-Hyun; Abboud, Khalil A; Talham, Daniel R; Meisel, Mark W; Brown, Stuart E

    2016-06-15

    Antiferromagnetic order at [Formula: see text] K has been identified in Mn(III)F(salen), salen  =  H14C16N2O2, an S  =  2 linear-chain system. Using single crystals, specific heat studies performed in magnetic fields up to 9 T revealed the presence of a field-independent cusp at the same temperature where (1)H NMR studies conducted at 42 MHz observed dramatic changes in the spin-lattice relaxation time, T 1, and in the linewidths. Low-field (less than 0.1 T) magnetic susceptibility studies of single crystals and randomly-arranged microcrystalline samples reveal subtle features associated with the transition.

  14. Antiferromagnetic ordering in MnF(salen)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Čižmár, Erik; Risset, Olivia N.; Wang, Tong; Botko, Martin; Ahir, Akhil R.; Andrus, Matthew J.; Park, Ju-Hyun; Abboud, Khalil A.; Talham, Daniel R.; Meisel, Mark W.; Brown, Stuart E.

    2016-06-01

    Antiferromagnetic order at {{T}\\text{N}}=23 K has been identified in Mn(III)F(salen), salen  =  H14C16N2O2, an S  =  2 linear-chain system. Using single crystals, specific heat studies performed in magnetic fields up to 9 T revealed the presence of a field-independent cusp at the same temperature where 1H NMR studies conducted at 42 MHz observed dramatic changes in the spin-lattice relaxation time, T 1, and in the linewidths. Low-field (less than 0.1 T) magnetic susceptibility studies of single crystals and randomly-arranged microcrystalline samples reveal subtle features associated with the transition.

  15. Antiferromagnetically Induced Photoemission Band in the Cuprates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Haas, Stephan; Moreo, Adriana; Dagotto, Elbio

    1995-05-01

    Strong antiferromagnetic correlations in models of high critical temperature (high- Tc) cuprates produce quasiparticlelike features in photoemission (PES) calculations above the Fermi momentum pF corresponding to weakly interacting electrons. This effect, discussed before by Kampf and Schrieffer [Phys. Rev. B 41, 6399 (1990)], is analyzed here using computational techniques in strong coupling. It is concluded that weight above pF should be observable in PES data for underdoped compounds, while in the overdoped regime it will be hidden in the experimental background. At optimal doping the signal is weak. The order of magnitude of our results is compatible with experimental data by Aebi et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2757 (1994)] for Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8.

  16. Antiferromagnetic resonance in Rb1C60

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bennati, M.; Griffin, R. G.; Knorr, S.; Grupp, A.; Mehring, M.

    1998-08-01

    High-frequency (94 and 140 GHz) ESR was used to investigate the magnetic properties of the low-dimensional conductor Rb1C60. Below 35 K new features of the electron spin resonance are distinguished from the CESR signal of the conducting phase. The analysis of the resonance linewidth and line shift allows a clear identification of a frequency-dependent antiferromagnetic resonance line (AFMR) below 25 K. The characteristic temperature TN for the ordering transition is 25 K. Between 25 K

  17. Magnetic susceptibilities of antiferromagnetic Re4+ compounds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chatterjee, Ibha; Desai, V. P.

    1981-11-01

    The low-temperature (0-30 K) antiferromagnetic susceptibilites of hexachloro- and hexabromorhenates (K2ReCl6 and K2ReBr6) are explained by using correlated effective-field theory and considering XY symmetry of the exchange Hamiltonian. The theory gives a good account of the observed magnetic susceptibilities of these compounds and the sublattice magnetization of the K2ReCl6 compound. The nearest- and next-nearest-neighbor exchange integrals for these compounds are J1=-1.32 cm-1, J2=0.20 cm-1 for K2ReCl6 and J1=-1.82 cm-1, J2=0.15 cm-1 for K2ReBr6.

  18. Design of L21-type antiferromagnetic semiconducting full-Heusler compounds: A first principles DFT + GW study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tas, M.; Şaşıoǧlu, E.; Friedrich, C.; Blügel, S.; Galanakis, I.

    2017-02-01

    Antiferromagnetic spintronics is an on-going growing field of research. Employing both standard density functional theory and the GW approximation within the framework of the full-potential linearized augmented-plane-wave method, we study the electronic and magnetic properties of seven potential antiferromagnetic semiconducting Heusler compounds with 18 (or 28 when Zn is present) valence electrons per unit cell. We show that in these compounds G-type antiferromagnetism is the ground state and that they are all either semiconductors (Cr2ScP, Cr2TiZn, V2ScP, V2TiSi, and V3Al) or semimetals (Mn2MgZn and Mn2NaAl). The many-body corrections have a minimal effect on the electronic band structure with respect to the standard electronic structure calculations.

  19. Antiferromagnetic magnons in diluted triangular and Kagome lattices (abstract)

    SciTech Connect

    Huber, D.L. ); Ching, W.Y. )

    1993-05-15

    Numerical results are presented for the local field distribution and the distribution of linearized magnon modes in diluted triangular and Kagome lattices. A nearest-neighbor antiferromagnetic Heisenberg spin Hamiltonian is assumed, and the linearization is carried out with respect to classical ground states obtained by means of an energy minimization algorithm.[sup 1] In the case of the triangular lattice, the density of states associated with a 20% vacancy concentration is used to calculate the magnon contribution to the specific heat. With an exchange integral inferred from the Curie--Weiss constant, quantitative agreement is obtained with the experimental results for La[sub 0.2]Gd[sub 0.8]CuO[sub 2] reported by Ramirez [ital et] [ital al].[sup 2] over the interval 0.1 K[le][ital T][le]0.2 K. The behavior of the diluted Kagome lattice is compared with that of the triangular array. In contrast to the latter, the local fields in the diluted Kagome lattice take on the discrete values 2[ital JS], [ital JS], and 0. In the case of a 14% vacancy concentration, the distribution of magnon modes resembles that of the fully occupied array with a noncoplanar ground state. The relevance of these results to the behavior of SrCr[sub 8]Ga[sub 4]O[sub 19] is discussed.[sup 3

  20. Surface spin-flop and discommensuration transitions in antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Micheletti, C.; Griffiths, R. B.; Yeomans, J. M.

    1999-03-01

    Phase diagrams as a function of anisotropy D and magnetic field H are obtained for discommensurations and surface states for an antiferromagnet in which H is parallel to the easy axis, by modeling it using the ground states of a one-dimensional chain of classical XY spins. A surface spin-flop phase exists for all D, but the interval in H over which it is stable becomes extremely small as D goes to zero. First-order transitions, separating different surface states and ending in critical points, exist inside the surface spin-flop region. They accumulate at a field H' (depending on D) significantly less than the value HSF for a bulk spin-flop transition. For H'

  1. Discrete-Symmetry Breaking and Novel Critical Phenomena in an Antiferromagnetic Planar (XY) Model in Two Dimensions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, D. H.; Joannopoulos, J. D.; Negele, J. W.; Landau, D. P.

    1984-02-01

    Landau-Ginzburg-Wilson symmetry analyses and Monte Carlo calculations for the classical antiferromagnetic planar (XY) model on a triangular lattice reveal a wealth of interesting critical phenomena. From this simple model arise a zero-field transition to a state of long-range order, a new mechanism for spin disordering, and a critical point associated with a possible new universality class.

  2. Microscopic and macroscopic signatures of antiferromagnetic domain walls.

    PubMed

    Jaramillo, R; Rosenbaum, T F; Isaacs, E D; Shpyrko, O G; Evans, P G; Aeppli, G; Cai, Z

    2007-03-16

    Magnetotransport measurements on small single crystals of Cr, the elemental antiferromagnet, reveal the hysteretic thermodynamics of the domain structure. The temperature dependence of the transport coefficients is directly correlated with the real-space evolution of the domain configuration as recorded by x-ray microprobe imaging, revealing the effect of antiferromagnetic domain walls on electron transport. A single antiferromagnetic domain wall interface resistance is deduced to be of order 5 x 10(-5) mu Omega cm(2) at a temperature of 100 K.

  3. Magnonic analog of relativistic Zitterbewegung in an antiferromagnetic spin chain

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Weiwei; Gu, Chenjie; Zhou, Yan; Fangohr, Hans

    2017-07-01

    We theoretically investigate the spin-wave (magnon) excitations in a classical antiferromagnetic spin chain with easy-axis anisotropy. We obtain a Dirac-like equation by linearizing the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation in this antiferromagnetic system, in contrast to the ferromagnetic system in which a Schrödinger-type equation is derived. The Hamiltonian operator in the Dirac-like equation is a pseudo-Hermitian. We compute and demonstrate relativistic Zitterbewegung (trembling motion) in the antiferromagnetic spin chain by measuring the expectation values of the wave-packet position.

  4. Revisiting the ground state of CoAl2O4 : Comparison to the conventional antiferromagnet MnAl2O4

    SciTech Connect

    MacDougall, Gregory J.; Aczel, Adam A.; Su, Yixi; Schweika, Werner; Faulhaber, E.; Schneidewind, A.; Christianson, Andrew D.; Zarestky, Jerel L.; Zhou, H. D.; Mandrus, David; Nagler, Stephen E.

    2016-11-17

    The A-site spinel material CoAl2O4 is a physical realization of the frustrated diamond-lattice antiferromagnet, a model in which unique incommensurate or “spin-spiral-liquid” ground states are predicted. Our previous single-crystal neutron scattering study instead classified it as a “kinetically inhibited” antiferromagnet, where the long-ranged correlations of a collinear Néel ground state are blocked by the freezing of domain-wall motion below a first-order phase transition at T*=6.5 K. This study provides new data sets from a number of experiments, which support and expand this work in several important ways. We show that the phenomenology leading to the kinetically inhibited order is unaffected by sample measured and instrument resolution, while new low-temperature measurements reveal spin correlations are unchanging between T=2 K and 250 mK, consistent with a frozen state. Polarized diffuse neutron measurements show several interesting magnetic features, which can be entirely explained by the existence of short-ranged Néel order. Finally, and crucially, this paper presents some neutron scattering studies of single crystalline MnAl2O4, which acts as an unfrustrated analog to CoAl2O4 and shows all the hallmarks of a classical antiferromagnet with a continuous phase transition to Néel order at TN=39 K. Direct comparison between the two compounds indicates that CoAl2O4 is unique, not in the nature of high-temperature diffuse correlations, but rather in the nature of the frozen state below T*. Finally, the higher level of cation inversion in the MnAl2O4 sample indicates that this behavior is primarily an effect of greater next-nearest-neighbor exchange.

  5. Mapping motion of antiferromagnetic interfacial uncompensated magnetic moment in exchange-biased bilayers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, X.; Ma, L.; Shi, Z.; Fan, W. J.; Evans, R. F. L.; Zheng, Jian-Guo; Chantrell, R. W.; Mangin, S.; Zhang, H. W.; Zhou, S. M.

    2015-03-01

    In this work, disordered-IrMn3/insulating-Y3Fe5O12 exchange-biased bilayers are studied. The behavior of the net magnetic moment ΔmAFM in the antiferromagnet is directly probed by anomalous and planar Hall effects, and anisotropic magnetoresistance. The ΔmAFM is proved to come from the interfacial uncompensated magnetic moment. We demonstrate that the exchange bias and rotational hysteresis loss are induced by partial rotation and irreversible switching of the ΔmAFM. In the athermal training effect, the state of the ΔmAFM cannot be recovered after one cycle of hysteresis loop. This work highlights the fundamental role of the ΔmAFM in the exchange bias and facilitates the manipulation of antiferromagnetic spintronic devices.

  6. Spin-1/2 Heisenberg Antiferromagnet on the Spatially Anisotropic Kagome Lattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schnyder, Andreas; Starykh, Oleg; Balents, Leon

    2008-03-01

    We study the quasi-one-dimensional limit of the Spin-1/2 quantum antiferromagnet on the Kagome lattice, a model Hamiltonian that might be of relevance for the mineral volborthite [1,2]. The lattice is divided into antiferromagnetic spin-chains (exchange J) that are weakly coupled via intermediate ``dangling'' spins (exchange J'). Using bosonization, renormalization group methods, and current algebra techniques we determine the ground state as a function of J'/J. The case of a strictly one-dimensional Kagome strip is also discussed. [1] Z. Hiroi, M. Hanawa, N. Kobayashi, M. Nohara, Hidenori Takagi, Y. Kato, and M. Takigawa, J. Phys. Soc. Japan 70, 3377 (2001). [2] F. Bert, D. Bono, P. Mendels, F. Ladieu, F. Duc, J.-C. Trumbe, and P. Millet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 087203 (2005).

  7. Controlling the switching field in nanomagnets by means of domain-engineered antiferromagnets

    SciTech Connect

    Folven, Eric; Linder, J.; Gomonay, O. V.; Scholl, Andreas; Doran, A.; Young, A. T.; Retterer, Scott T.; Malik, V. K.; Tybell, Thomas; Takamura, Yayoi; Grepstad, Jostein K.

    2015-09-14

    Using soft x-ray spectromicroscopy, we investigate the magnetic domain structure in embedded nanomagnets defined in La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 thin films and LaFeO3/La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 bilayers. We find that shape-controlled antiferromagnetic domain states give rise to a significant reduction of the switching field of the rectangular nanomagnets. This is discussed within the framework of competition between an intrinsic spin-flop coupling and shape anisotropy. In conclusion, the data demonstrates that shape effects in antiferromagnets may be used to control the magnetic properties in nanomagnets.

  8. Low-temperature antiferromagnetic ordering in the heavy-fermion metal YbPd

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tokiwa, Y.; Grüheit, S.; Jeevan, H. S.; Stingl, C.; Gegenwart, P.

    2011-01-01

    We investigate the low-temperature properties of YbPd by specific heat and thermal expansion measurements down to 0.1 K. This material crystallizes in a cubic CsCl-structure and four phase transitions at 125, 105, 1.9 and 0.5 K have been reported previously. The two transitions at higher temperature were suspected to be of structural origin, whereas the two low-T transitions are magnetic, confirmed by susceptibility measurements and Mössbauer spectroscopy. Our low temperature specific heat and thermal expansion data prove antiferromagnetic ordering at TN=1.9 K and an additional first-order antiferromagnetic transition at 0.6 K. The entropy reaches approximately half of Rln2 at 5 K, confirming a doublet ground state. The enhanced value of the Sommerfeld coefficient at 0.1 K suggests a classification of YbPd as a magnetically ordered heavy-fermion metal.

  9. Electronic and optical properties of antiferromagnetic iron doped NiO - A first principles study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Petersen, John E.; Twagirayezu, Fidele; Scolfaro, Luisa M.; Borges, Pablo D.; Geerts, Wilhelmus J.

    2017-05-01

    Antiferromagnetic NiO is a candidate for next generation high-speed and scaled RRAM devices. Here, electronic and optical properties of antiferromagnetic NiO: Fe 25% in the rock salt structure are studied and compared to intrinsic NiO. From density of states and complex dielectric function analysis, the first optical transition is found to be at lower frequency than intrinsic NiO due to an Fe impurity level being the valence band maximum. The resulting effects on refractive index, reflectivity, absorption, optical conductivity and loss function for Fe-doped NiO are compared to those of intrinsic NiO, and notable differences are analyzed. The electronic component of the static dielectric constant of NiO: Fe 25% is calculated to be about 2% less than that of intrinsic NiO.

  10. Spin-Chirality-Driven Ferroelectricity on a Perfect Triangular Lattice Antiferromagnet

    SciTech Connect

    Mitamura, H.; Watanuki, R.; Kaneko, Koji; Onozaki, N.; Amou, Y.; Kittaka, S.; Kobayashi, Riki; Shimura, Y.; Yamamoto, I.; Suzuki, K.; Chi, Songxue; Sakakibara, T.

    2014-10-01

    Magnetic field (B) variation of the electrical polarization Pc ( ∥c) of the perfect triangular lattice antiferromagnet RbFe(MoO4)2 is examined up to the saturation point of the magnetization for B⊥c. Pc is observed only in phases for which chirality is predicted in the in-plane magnetic structures. No strong anomaly is observed in Pc at the field at which the spin modulation along the c axis, and hence the spin helicity, exhibits a discontinuity to the commensurate state. These results indicate that the ferroelectricity in this compound originates predominantly from the spin chirality, the explanation of which would require a new mechanism for magnetoferroelectricity. Lastly, the obtained field-temperature phase diagrams of ferroelectricity well agree with those theoretically predicted for the spin chirality of a Heisenberg spin triangular lattice antiferromagnet.

  11. Spin-Chirality-Driven Ferroelectricity on a Perfect Triangular Lattice Antiferromagnet

    DOE PAGES

    Mitamura, H.; Watanuki, R.; Kaneko, Koji; ...

    2014-10-01

    Magnetic field (B) variation of the electrical polarization Pc ( ∥c) of the perfect triangular lattice antiferromagnet RbFe(MoO4)2 is examined up to the saturation point of the magnetization for B⊥c. Pc is observed only in phases for which chirality is predicted in the in-plane magnetic structures. No strong anomaly is observed in Pc at the field at which the spin modulation along the c axis, and hence the spin helicity, exhibits a discontinuity to the commensurate state. These results indicate that the ferroelectricity in this compound originates predominantly from the spin chirality, the explanation of which would require a newmore » mechanism for magnetoferroelectricity. Lastly, the obtained field-temperature phase diagrams of ferroelectricity well agree with those theoretically predicted for the spin chirality of a Heisenberg spin triangular lattice antiferromagnet.« less

  12. Magnetostriction and Magnetostructural Domains in Antiferromagnetic YBa2Cu3O6.

    PubMed

    Náfrádi, B; Keller, T; Hardy, F; Meingast, C; Erb, A; Keimer, B

    2016-01-29

    We use high-resolution neutron Larmor diffraction and capacitative dilatometry to investigate spontaneous and forced magnetostriction in undoped, antiferromagnetic YBa_{2}Cu_{3}O_{6.0}, the parent compound of a prominent family of high-temperature superconductors. Upon cooling below the Néel temperature T_{N}=420  K, Larmor diffraction reveals the formation of magnetostructural domains of characteristic size ∼240  nm. In the antiferromagnetic state, dilatometry reveals a minute (4×10^{-6}) orthorhombic distortion of the crystal lattice in external magnetic fields. We attribute these observations to exchange striction and spin-orbit coupling induced magnetostriction, respectively, and show that they have an important influence on the thermal and charge transport properties of undoped and lightly doped cuprates.

  13. Astroid curves of high-moment antiferromagnetic nanoparticles with tunable magnetic properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Forrester, D. M.; Kovacs, E.; Kürten, K. E.; Kusmartsev, F. V.

    2009-04-01

    We have determined astroids for high-moment antiferromagnetic nanoparticles (AN), which have been recently discovered and used in numerous biomedical applications. The astroid curves for such a system, which is a stack of two isolated disk-shaped ferromagnetic nanoparticles interacting antiferromagnetically, show the regions in the magnetic field plane where different numbers of minima associated with stable or metastable states may exist. We describe the properties of these ANs and estimate their other characteristic parameters such as magnetic saturation field and exchange antiferrtomagnetic coupling. We argue that the finding of these astroids and the properties of ANs is crucial for the use of ANs in numerous applications and for modeling stable information storage devices.

  14. Ferrimagnetic Phase Transition in Antiferromagnetic Triangular Ising Lattice: NaNi Acac3\\cdotbenzene

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamada, Norikatsu; Karaki, Yoshitomo; Wada, Nobuo; Amaya, Kiichi

    1981-12-01

    The magnetic phase transition is studied by the AC susceptibility and the specific heat measurements in NaNi triacetylacetonate benzene which is considered as an example of an antiferromagnetic triangular Ising lattice. The magnetic phase transition from paramagnetic to ferrimagnetic state is observed at the temperature Tc0{\\cong}32.5 (mK) by the AC susceptibility measurements. The H vs T phase diagram is obtained giving the extrapolated value of Hc0{\\cong}320 (Oe) at T{=}0 K. At Tc0 the susceptibility does not diverge to infinity, and below Tc0 it increases with decreasing temperature. This new type of behavior of the ferrimagnetic transition is qualitatively well described by the antiferromagnetic triangular Ising lattice model.

  15. Instanton paths and coherent quantum tunneling in antiferromagnetic spin clusters subject to a strong magnetic field

    SciTech Connect

    Ivanov, B. A. Kireev, V. E.

    2008-09-15

    The coherent quantum tunneling effects in antiferromagnets in the presence of a strong external magnetic field parallel to the easy axis have been investigated using the instanton formalism. In a wide field range including the region of the phase spin-flop transition, the tunneling is described by 180{sup o} instantons for which the Euclidean action is real and destructive interference is absent. At the transition point, 90{sup o} instantons describing the tunneling between the collinear and spin-flop states appear. The Euclidean action decreases, whereas the tunneling probability and tunneling level splitting in both phases increase significantly in the immediate vicinity of the spin-flop transition point. The possibility of observing the coherent tunneling effects for artificial small particles (magnetic dots) made of antiferromagnets is discussed.

  16. Mapping motion of antiferromagnetic interfacial uncompensated magnetic moment in exchange-biased bilayers

    PubMed Central

    Zhou, X.; Ma, L.; Shi, Z.; Fan, W. J.; Evans, R. F. L.; Zheng, Jian-Guo; Chantrell, R. W.; Mangin, S.; Zhang, H. W.; Zhou, S. M.

    2015-01-01

    In this work, disordered-IrMn3/insulating-Y3Fe5O12 exchange-biased bilayers are studied. The behavior of the net magnetic moment ΔmAFM in the antiferromagnet is directly probed by anomalous and planar Hall effects, and anisotropic magnetoresistance. The ΔmAFM is proved to come from the interfacial uncompensated magnetic moment. We demonstrate that the exchange bias and rotational hysteresis loss are induced by partial rotation and irreversible switching of the ΔmAFM. In the athermal training effect, the state of the ΔmAFM cannot be recovered after one cycle of hysteresis loop. This work highlights the fundamental role of the ΔmAFM in the exchange bias and facilitates the manipulation of antiferromagnetic spintronic devices. PMID:25777540

  17. Doping-Induced Quantum Critical Point in an Itinerant Antiferromagnet TiAu

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Santiago, Jessica; Svanidze, Eteri; Besara, Tiglet; Siegrist, Theo; Morosan, Emilia

    The recently discovered itinerant magnet TiAu is the first antiferromagnet composed of non-magnetic constituents. The spin density wave ground state develops below TN ~36 K, about an order of magnitude smaller than in Cr. Achieving a quantum critical point in this material would provide a better understanding of weak itinerant antiferromagnets, while giving long sought-after insights into the effects of spin fluctuations in itinerant electron systems. While the application of pressure increases the ordering temperature TN, partial substitution of Ti provides an alternative avenue towards achieving a quantum critical point. The non-Fermi liquid behavior accompanies the quantum phase transition, as evidenced by the divergent specific heat coefficient and linear temperature dependence of the resistivity. The transition is accompanied by enhanced electron-electron correlations as well as strong spin-fluctuations, providing an experimental avenue for the verification of the self-consistent theory of spin fluctuations.

  18. Fragile antiferromagnetism in the heavy-fermion compound YbBiPt

    SciTech Connect

    Ueland, Benjamin G.; Kreyssig, Andreas; Prokes, K.; Lynn, J. W.; Harriger, L. W.; Pratt, D. K.; Singh, D. K.; Heitmann, T. W.; Sauerbrei, Samantha; Saunders, Scott M.; Mun, E. D.; Budko, Serguei L.; McQueeney, Robert J.; Canfield, Paul C.; Goldman, Alan I.

    2014-05-08

    We report results from neutron scattering experiments on single crystals of YbBiPt that demonstrate antiferromagnetic order characterized by a propagation vector, τAFM = (121212), and ordered moments that align along the [1 1 1] direction of the cubic unit cell. We describe the scattering in terms of a two-Gaussian peak fit, which consists of a narrower component that appears below TN≈0.4 K and corresponds to a magnetic correlation length of ξn≈ 80 Å, and a broad component that persists up to T*≈ 0.7 K and corresponds to antiferromagnetic correlations extending over ξb≈ 20 Å. Our results illustrate the fragile magnetic order present in YbBiPt and provide a path forward for microscopic investigations of the ground states and fluctuations associated with the purported quantum critical point in this heavy-fermion compound.

  19. High-spin ribbons and antiferromagnetic ordering of a Mn(II)-biradical-Mn(II) complex.

    PubMed

    Fatila, Elisabeth M; Clérac, Rodolphe; Rouzières, Mathieu; Soldatov, Dmitriy V; Jennings, Michael; Preuss, Kathryn E

    2013-09-11

    A binuclear metal coordination complex of the first thiazyl-based biradical ligand 1 is reported (1 = 4,6-bis(1,2,3,5-dithiadiazolyl)pyrimidine; hfac =1,1,1,5,5,5,-hexafluoroacetylacetonato-). The Mn(hfac)2-biradical-Mn(hfac)2 complex 2 is a rare example of a discrete, molecular species employing a neutral bridging biradical ligand. It is soluble in common organic solvents and can be easily sublimed as a crystalline solid. Complex 2 has a spin ground state of S(T) = 4 resulting from antiferromagnetic coupling between the S(birad) = 1 biradical bridging ligand and two S(Mn) = 5/2 Mn(II) ions. Electrostatic contacts between atoms with large spin density promote a ferromagnetic arrangement of the moments of neighboring complexes in ribbon-like arrays. Weak antiferromagnetic coupling between these high-spin ribbons stabilizes an ordered antiferromagnetic ground state below 4.5 K. This is an unusual example of magnetic ordering in a molecular metal-radical complex, wherein the electrostatic contacts that direct the crystal packing are also responsible for providing an efficient exchange coupling pathway between molecules.

  20. Localized 5f antiferromagnetism in cubic UIn3 : I115n-NMR/NQR study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sakai, Hironori; Kambe, Shinsaku; Tokunaga, Yo; Chudo, Hiroyuki; Tokiwa, Yoshifumi; Aoki, Dai; Haga, Yoshinori; Ōnuki, Yoshichika; Yasuoka, Hiroshi

    2009-03-01

    I115n nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) measurements have been performed on an antiferromagnet UIn3 with the cubic AuCu3 -type structure. The NQR frequency (νQ) and Knight shift (K) of I115n in UIn3 have been estimated in the paramagnetic state from NMR experiments under applied field. The perpendicular component of transferred hyperfine coupling constant (A⊥) has been deduced from scaled behavior of K to the static susceptibility (χ) . Under zero field, the observation of the NQR spectrum has led to an estimated νQ of 11.8 MHz at 90 K. The temperature variation in the NQR relaxation rates (1/T1) far above the Néel temperature TN=88K approaches a constant value, which indicates a localized nature for the 5f electrons in this system. On the other hand, in the antiferromagnetically ordered state at 4 K (well below TN ), the I115n -NMR spectrum has been scanned over frequencies ranging from ˜20 to ˜70MHz under zero applied field. From the analysis of the NMR spectrum, we propose that the most plausible direction of antiferromagnetic U moments may be ⟨110⟩ among the possible orientations of ⟨100⟩ , ⟨110⟩ , or ⟨111⟩ .

  1. Electrostatic doping as a source for robust ferromagnetism at the interface between antiferromagnetic cobalt oxides

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Zi-An; Fontaíña-Troitiño, N.; Kovács, A.; Liébana-Viñas, S.; Spasova, M.; Dunin-Borkowski, R. E.; Müller, M.; Doennig, D.; Pentcheva, R.; Farle, M.; Salgueiriño, V.

    2015-01-01

    Polar oxide interfaces are an important focus of research due to their novel functionality which is not available in the bulk constituents. So far, research has focused mainly on heterointerfaces derived from the perovskite structure. It is important to extend our understanding of electronic reconstruction phenomena to a broader class of materials and structure types. Here we report from high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and quantitative magnetometry a robust - above room temperature (Curie temperature TC >> 300 K) - environmentally stable- ferromagnetically coupled interface layer between the antiferromagnetic rocksalt CoO core and a 2-4 nm thick antiferromagnetic spinel Co3O4 surface layer in octahedron-shaped nanocrystals. Density functional theory calculations with an on-site Coulomb repulsion parameter identify the origin of the experimentally observed ferromagnetic phase as a charge transfer process (partial reduction) of Co3+ to Co2+ at the CoO/Co3O4 interface, with Co2+ being in the low spin state, unlike the high spin state of its counterpart in CoO. This finding may serve as a guideline for designing new functional nanomagnets based on oxidation resistant antiferromagnetic transition metal oxides.

  2. Electrostatic doping as a source for robust ferromagnetism at the interface between antiferromagnetic cobalt oxides.

    PubMed

    Li, Zi-An; Fontaíña-Troitiño, N; Kovács, A; Liébana-Viñas, S; Spasova, M; Dunin-Borkowski, R E; Müller, M; Doennig, D; Pentcheva, R; Farle, M; Salgueiriño, V

    2015-01-23

    Polar oxide interfaces are an important focus of research due to their novel functionality which is not available in the bulk constituents. So far, research has focused mainly on heterointerfaces derived from the perovskite structure. It is important to extend our understanding of electronic reconstruction phenomena to a broader class of materials and structure types. Here we report from high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and quantitative magnetometry a robust – above room temperature (Curie temperature TC ≫ 300 K) – environmentally stable- ferromagnetically coupled interface layer between the antiferromagnetic rocksalt CoO core and a 2-4 nm thick antiferromagnetic spinel Co3O4 surface layer in octahedron-shaped nanocrystals. Density functional theory calculations with an on-site Coulomb repulsion parameter identify the origin of the experimentally observed ferromagnetic phase as a charge transfer process (partial reduction) of Co(3+) to Co(2+) at the CoO/Co3O4 interface, with Co(2+) being in the low spin state, unlike the high spin state of its counterpart in CoO. This finding may serve as a guideline for designing new functional nanomagnets based on oxidation resistant antiferromagnetic transition metal oxides.

  3. Electrostatic doping as a source for robust ferromagnetism at the interface between antiferromagnetic cobalt oxides

    PubMed Central

    Li, Zi-An; Fontaíña-Troitiño, N.; Kovács, A.; Liébana-Viñas, S.; Spasova, M.; Dunin-Borkowski, R. E.; Müller, M.; Doennig, D.; Pentcheva, R.; Farle, M.; Salgueiriño, V.

    2015-01-01

    Polar oxide interfaces are an important focus of research due to their novel functionality which is not available in the bulk constituents. So far, research has focused mainly on heterointerfaces derived from the perovskite structure. It is important to extend our understanding of electronic reconstruction phenomena to a broader class of materials and structure types. Here we report from high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and quantitative magnetometry a robust – above room temperature (Curie temperature TC ≫ 300 K) – environmentally stable- ferromagnetically coupled interface layer between the antiferromagnetic rocksalt CoO core and a 2–4 nm thick antiferromagnetic spinel Co3O4 surface layer in octahedron-shaped nanocrystals. Density functional theory calculations with an on-site Coulomb repulsion parameter identify the origin of the experimentally observed ferromagnetic phase as a charge transfer process (partial reduction) of Co3+ to Co2+ at the CoO/Co3O4 interface, with Co2+ being in the low spin state, unlike the high spin state of its counterpart in CoO. This finding may serve as a guideline for designing new functional nanomagnets based on oxidation resistant antiferromagnetic transition metal oxides. PMID:25613569

  4. Kondo bahavior in antiferromagnetic NpPdSn

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shrestha, K.; Prokes, K.; Griveau, J.-C.; Jardin, R.; Colineau, E.; Caciuffo, R.; Eloirdi, R.; Gofryk, K.

    Actinide-based intermetallics show a large variety of exotic physical phenomena mainly coming from 5f hybridization with both on-site and neighboring ligand states. Depending on the strength of these process unusual behaviors such as long-range magnetic order, Kondo effect, heavy-fermion ground state, valence fluctuations, and/or superconductivity have been observed. Here we report results of our extensive studies on NpPdSn. The compound crystalizes in hexagonal ZrNiAl-type of crystal structure and is studied by means of x-ray and neutron diffraction, magnetization, heat capacity, electrical resistivity, and thermoelectric power measurements, performed over a wide range of temperatures and applied magnetic fields. All the results revealed Kondo lattice behavior and antiferromagnetic ordering below 19 K. NpPdSn can be classified as a moderately enhanced heavy-fermion system, one of very few known amidst Np-based intermetallics. Work at Idaho National Laboratory was supported by the Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Materials Sciences, and Engineering Division.

  5. Excitation spectrum of a model antiferromagnetic spin-trimer.

    SciTech Connect

    Stone, Matthew B; Fernandez-Alonso, F.; Adroja, D. T.; Dalal, N. S.; Villagran, D.; Cotton, F. A.; Nagler, Stephen E

    2007-01-01

    We present an inelastic neutron scattering (INS) study of the excitation spectrum of a quantum S=1/2 equilateral Heisenberg trimer, Cu{sub 3}(O{sub 2}C{sub 16}H{sub 23}){sub 61.2}C{sub 6}H{sub 12}. The magnetic properties of the system can be described by an ensemble of independent equilateral triangles of S=1/2 Cu{sup 2+} ions. With antiferromagnetic Heisenberg coupling, the ground state of each trimer is a degenerate pair of S=1/2 doublets, with a quartet S=3/2 excited state. Previous bulk measurements led to an estimate for the excitation energy of 28 meV. Here, we report INS measurements that can provide a direct measurement of magnetic excitation energies. These measurements are challenging since inter- and intramolecular vibrational modes associated with the organic ligands are at frequencies similar to the magnetic excitations. Measurements on a nonmagnetic compound with the same ligands as well as the temperature dependence of the neutron scattering cross section are used to identify the vibrational modes. This leads to an identification of the magnetic excitation energy as being approximately 37 meV at T=10 K, with a gradual softening with increasing temperature.

  6. Ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic order in bacterial vortex lattices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wioland, Hugo; Woodhouse, Francis G.; Dunkel, Jörn; Goldstein, Raymond E.

    2016-04-01

    Despite their inherently non-equilibrium nature, living systems can self-organize in highly ordered collective states that share striking similarities with the thermodynamic equilibrium phases of conventional condensed-matter and fluid systems. Examples range from the liquid-crystal-like arrangements of bacterial colonies, microbial suspensions and tissues to the coherent macro-scale dynamics in schools of fish and flocks of birds. Yet, the generic mathematical principles that govern the emergence of structure in such artificial and biological systems are elusive. It is not clear when, or even whether, well-established theoretical concepts describing universal thermostatistics of equilibrium systems can capture and classify ordered states of living matter. Here, we connect these two previously disparate regimes: through microfluidic experiments and mathematical modelling, we demonstrate that lattices of hydrodynamically coupled bacterial vortices can spontaneously organize into distinct patterns characterized by ferro- and antiferromagnetic order. The coupling between adjacent vortices can be controlled by tuning the inter-cavity gap widths. The emergence of opposing order regimes is tightly linked to the existence of geometry-induced edge currents, reminiscent of those in quantum systems. Our experimental observations can be rationalized in terms of a generic lattice field theory, suggesting that bacterial spin networks belong to the same universality class as a wide range of equilibrium systems.

  7. Low-temperature relaxation in kagome bilayer antiferromagnets

    SciTech Connect

    Ehlers, Georg

    2007-01-01

    The pyrochlore slab (kagome bilayer) compounds SrCr{sub 9x}Ga{sub 12-9x}O{sub 19} (SCGO; x<1) and Ba{sub 2}Sn{sub 2}ZnCr{sub 7x}Ga{sub 10-7x}O{sub 22} (BSZCGO; x<1), are frustrated systems with quite similar magnetic properties of the spin S = 3/2 Cr{sup 3+} ions. Neutron scattering studies have shown that the two compounds have a completely dynamic magnetic response in a broad temperature range. In both systems the development of short-ranged dynamic correlations leads to a low-T state that can be understood as local clusters with antiferromagnetic character. At liquid He temperatures a partial freezing of the magnetic fluctuations is observed as an increase of the elastic resolved response. A large majority of the magnetic moments remain fluctuating and one also observes a low-energy (long-time) relaxation in the vicinity of the macroscopic freezing. Time and temperature dependence of this relaxation appear system dependent without critical behavior, and we conclude that the freezing is a consequence of the establishment of a coherent quantum state.

  8. Structural and antiferromagnetic properties of Sm-doped chrysene

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Xiao-Hui; Zhong, Guo-Hua; Han, Jia-Xing; Chen, Xiao-Jia; Lin, Hai-Qing

    2017-05-01

    The experimental discovery of superconductivity was reported in Sm-doped chrysene with Tc˜5 K, which provides vital material for exploring unique superconducting mechanism of rare-earth metal doped polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Here the crystal, electronic structures and magnetic characteristics of Sm-doped chrysene have been investigated by the first-principles calculation using the generalized gradient approximation (GGA) plus U method, also including van der Waals correction. We find that Sm-doped chrysene with C2/c space group is the most stable where doped Sm atoms stay on the relative middle of chrysene molecules. This material is stabilized at antiferromagnetic ground-state with the metallic feature. The calculated spin magnetic moment of Sm atom indicates that there are two electrons transferring from Sm to chrysene molecule. Within the framework of GGA+U, the C-2p electronic states mainly contribute to the Fermi surface. Electronic correlation effects are significant to understand the superconductivity in Sm-doped chrysene.

  9. Ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic order in bacterial vortex lattices

    PubMed Central

    Wioland, Hugo; Woodhouse, Francis G.; Dunkel, Jörn; Goldstein, Raymond E.

    2016-01-01

    Despite their inherent non-equilibrium nature1, living systems can self-organize in highly ordered collective states2,3 that share striking similarities with the thermodynamic equilibrium phases4,5 of conventional condensed matter and fluid systems. Examples range from the liquid-crystal-like arrangements of bacterial colonies6,7, microbial suspensions8,9 and tissues10 to the coherent macro-scale dynamics in schools of fish11 and flocks of birds12. Yet, the generic mathematical principles that govern the emergence of structure in such artificial13 and biological6–9,14 systems are elusive. It is not clear when, or even whether, well-established theoretical concepts describing universal thermostatistics of equilibrium systems can capture and classify ordered states of living matter. Here, we connect these two previously disparate regimes: Through microfluidic experiments and mathematical modelling, we demonstrate that lattices of hydrodynamically coupled bacterial vortices can spontaneously organize into distinct phases of ferro- and antiferromagnetic order. The preferred phase can be controlled by tuning the vortex coupling through changes of the inter-cavity gap widths. The emergence of opposing order regimes is tightly linked to the existence of geometry-induced edge currents15,16, reminiscent of those in quantum systems17–19. Our experimental observations can be rationalized in terms of a generic lattice field theory, suggesting that bacterial spin networks belong to the same universality class as a wide range of equilibrium systems. PMID:27213004

  10. Giant magnetic effects and oscillations in antiferromagnetic Josephson weak links

    SciTech Connect

    Gorkov, L.; Kresin, Vladimir

    2001-04-01

    Josephson junctions with an antiferromagnetic metal as a link are described. The junction can be switched off by a relatively small magnetic field. The amplitude of the current oscillates as a function of the field.

  11. Long-range interactions in antiferromagnetic quantum spin chains

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bravo, B.; Cabra, D. C.; Gómez Albarracín, F. A.; Rossini, G. L.

    2017-08-01

    We study the role of long-range dipolar interactions on antiferromagnetic spin chains, from the classical S →∞ limit to the deep quantum case S =1 /2 , including a transverse magnetic field. To this end, we combine different techniques such as classical energy minima, classical Monte Carlo, linear spin waves, bosonization, and density matrix renormalization group (DMRG). We find a phase transition from the already reported dipolar ferromagnetic region to an antiferromagnetic region for high enough antiferromagnetic exchange. Thermal and quantum fluctuations destabilize the classical order before reaching magnetic saturation in both phases, and also close to zero field in the antiferromagnetic phase. In the extreme quantum limit S =1 /2 , extensive DMRG computations show that the main phases remain present with transition lines to saturation significatively shifted to lower fields, in agreement with the bosonization analysis. The overall picture maintains a close analogy with the phase diagram of the anisotropic XXZ spin chain in a transverse field.

  12. Bistable transmission of antiferromagnetic Fabry-Perot resonator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Yan; Fu, Shu-Fang; Li, Hua; Wang, Xuan-Zhang

    2011-07-01

    We investigate the magnetically nonlinear optical transmission of the Fabry-Perot resonator filled with an antiferromagnetic medium. In a proper incident power range, we find very large nonlinear phase shifts so that the bistable switches appear even for a very thin medium film, such as of half-wavelength thickness. All results are based on antiferromagnetic MnF2 medium with far-infrared resonant frequencies.

  13. Spin-transfer torque induced spin waves in antiferromagnetic insulators

    SciTech Connect

    Daniels, Matthew W.; Guo, Wei; Stocks, George Malcolm; Xiao, Di; Xiao, Jiang

    2015-01-01

    We explore the possibility of exciting spin waves in insulating antiferromagnetic films by injecting spin current at the surface. We analyze both magnetically compensated and uncompensated interfaces. We find that the spin current induced spin-transfer torque can excite spin waves in insulating antiferromagnetic materials and that the chirality of the excited spin wave is determined by the polarization of the injected spin current. Furthermore, the presence of magnetic surface anisotropy can greatly increase the accessibility of these excitations.

  14. Spin-transfer torque induced spin waves in antiferromagnetic insulators

    DOE PAGES

    Daniels, Matthew W.; Guo, Wei; Stocks, George Malcolm; ...

    2015-01-01

    We explore the possibility of exciting spin waves in insulating antiferromagnetic films by injecting spin current at the surface. We analyze both magnetically compensated and uncompensated interfaces. We find that the spin current induced spin-transfer torque can excite spin waves in insulating antiferromagnetic materials and that the chirality of the excited spin wave is determined by the polarization of the injected spin current. Furthermore, the presence of magnetic surface anisotropy can greatly increase the accessibility of these excitations.

  15. Thermally activated repolarization of antiferromagnetic particles: Monte Carlo dynamics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Soloviev, S. V.; Popkov, A. F.; Knizhnik, A. A.; Iskandarova, I. M.

    2017-02-01

    Based on the equation of motion of an antiferromagnetic moment, taking into account a random field of thermal fluctuations, we propose a Monte Carlo (MC) scheme for the numerical simulation of the evolutionary dynamics of an antiferromagnetic particle, corresponding to the Langevin dynamics in the Kramers theory for the two-well potential. Conditions for the selection of the sphere of fluctuations of random deviations of the antiferromagnetic vector at an MC time step are found. A good agreement with the theory of Kramers thermal relaxation is demonstrated for varying temperatures and heights of energy barrier over a wide range of integration time steps in an overdamped regime. Based on the developed scheme, we performed illustrative calculations of the temperature drift of the exchange bias under the fast annealing of a ferromagnet-antiferromagnet structure, taking into account the random variation of anisotropy directions in antiferromagnetic grains and their sizes. The proposed approach offers promise for modeling magnetic sensors and spintronic memory devices containing heterostructures with antiferromagnetic layers.

  16. Quantum Phase Transitions in Antiferromagnets and Superfluids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sachdev, Subir

    2000-03-01

    A general introduction to the non-zero temperature dynamic and transport properties of low-dimensional systems near a quantum phase transition shall be presented. Basic results will be reviewed in the context of experiments on the spin-ladder compounds. Recent large N computations (M. Vojta and S. Sachdev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83), 3916 (1999) on an extended t-J model motivate a global scenario of the quantum phases and transitions in the high temperature superconductors, and connections will be made to numerous experiments. A universal theory (S. Sachdev, C. Buragohain, and M. Vojta, Science, in press M. Vojta, C. Buragohain, and S. Sachdev, cond- mat/9912020) of quantum impurities in spin-gap antiferromagnets near a magnetic ordering transition will be compared quantitatively to experiments on Zn doped Y Ba2 Cu3 O7 (Fong et al.), Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1939 (1999)

  17. Thermalization of a dimerized antiferromagnetic spin chain.

    PubMed

    Konstantinidis, N P

    2016-01-20

    Thermalization is investigated for the one-dimensional anisotropic antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model with dimerized nearest-neighbor interactions that break integrability. For this purpose the time evolution of local operator expectation values after an interacting quench is calculated directly with the Chebyshev polynomial expansion, and the deviation of the diagonal from the canonical thermal ensemble value is calculated for increasing system size for these operators. The spatial and spin symmetries of the Hamiltonian are taken into account to divide it into symmetry subsectors. The rate of thermalization is found to weaken with the dimerization parameter as the Hamiltonian evolves between two integrable limits, the non-dimerized and the fully dimerized where the chain breaks up into isolated dimers. This conclusion is supported by the distribution of the local operator off-diagonal elements between the eigenstates of the Hamiltonian with respect to their energy difference, which determines the strength of temporal fluctuations. The off-diagonal elements have a low-energy peak for small dimerization which facilitates thermalization, and originates in the reduction of spatial symmetry with respect to the non-dimerized limit. For increasing dimerization their distribution changes and develops a single low-energy maximum that relates to the fully dimerized limit and slows down thermalization.

  18. Robust ferromagnetism carried by antiferromagnetic domain walls

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hirose, Hishiro T.; Yamaura, Jun-Ichi; Hiroi, Zenji

    2017-02-01

    Ferroic materials, such as ferromagnetic or ferroelectric materials, have been utilized as recording media for memory devices. A recent trend for downsizing, however, requires an alternative, because ferroic orders tend to become unstable for miniaturization. The domain wall nanoelectronics is a new developing direction for next-generation devices, in which atomic domain walls, rather than conventional, large domains themselves, are the active elements. Here we show that atomically thin magnetic domain walls generated in the antiferromagnetic insulator Cd2Os2O7 carry unusual ferromagnetic moments perpendicular to the wall as well as electron conductivity: the ferromagnetic moments are easily polarized even by a tiny field of 1 mT at high temperature, while, once cooled down, they are surprisingly robust even in an inverse magnetic field of 7 T. Thus, the magnetic domain walls could serve as a new-type of microscopic, switchable and electrically readable magnetic medium which is potentially important for future applications in the domain wall nanoelectronics.

  19. Robust ferromagnetism carried by antiferromagnetic domain walls

    PubMed Central

    Hirose, Hishiro T.; Yamaura, Jun-ichi; Hiroi, Zenji

    2017-01-01

    Ferroic materials, such as ferromagnetic or ferroelectric materials, have been utilized as recording media for memory devices. A recent trend for downsizing, however, requires an alternative, because ferroic orders tend to become unstable for miniaturization. The domain wall nanoelectronics is a new developing direction for next-generation devices, in which atomic domain walls, rather than conventional, large domains themselves, are the active elements. Here we show that atomically thin magnetic domain walls generated in the antiferromagnetic insulator Cd2Os2O7 carry unusual ferromagnetic moments perpendicular to the wall as well as electron conductivity: the ferromagnetic moments are easily polarized even by a tiny field of 1 mT at high temperature, while, once cooled down, they are surprisingly robust even in an inverse magnetic field of 7 T. Thus, the magnetic domain walls could serve as a new-type of microscopic, switchable and electrically readable magnetic medium which is potentially important for future applications in the domain wall nanoelectronics. PMID:28195565

  20. Study of magnetization switching in synthetic antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Radu, Cosmin; Cimpoesu, Dorin; Spinu, Leonard; Stancu, Alexandru

    2008-03-01

    Synthetic Antiferromagnet (SAF) structures are very important in designing modern spintronic devices. The theoretical studies of the toggle writing mode in MRAM^1 use the concepts of SAF critical curve, which is a generalization of the astroid from the coherent rotation model in the case of uniaxial anisotropy. Although extensively studied theoretically^2,3 there are no methods proposed to experimentally determine the critical curve of a SAF structure. We propose a way for determining the critical curve of the switching fields using reversible susceptibility experiments (RS) and we prove this to be more sensitive to the switching characteristics of SAF structures than a regular hysteresis loop. For certain coupling strengths the entire critical curve can't be determined using standard RS experiments and a strategy for revealing these hidden parts of the critical curve is proposed. 1. L. Savtchenko, B. N. Engel, N. D. Rizzo, M. F. Deherrera, and J. A. Janesky, US Patent 6,545,906 B1, (2003). 2. S. Y. Wang and H. Fujiwara, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 286, 27-30 (2005). 3. H. Fujiwara, S. Y. Wang, and M. Sun, J. Appl. Phys. 97, 10P507-10P507-5 (2005). Work supported by DARPA grant HR0011-07-1-0031.

  1. Robust ferromagnetism carried by antiferromagnetic domain walls.

    PubMed

    Hirose, Hishiro T; Yamaura, Jun-Ichi; Hiroi, Zenji

    2017-02-14

    Ferroic materials, such as ferromagnetic or ferroelectric materials, have been utilized as recording media for memory devices. A recent trend for downsizing, however, requires an alternative, because ferroic orders tend to become unstable for miniaturization. The domain wall nanoelectronics is a new developing direction for next-generation devices, in which atomic domain walls, rather than conventional, large domains themselves, are the active elements. Here we show that atomically thin magnetic domain walls generated in the antiferromagnetic insulator Cd2Os2O7 carry unusual ferromagnetic moments perpendicular to the wall as well as electron conductivity: the ferromagnetic moments are easily polarized even by a tiny field of 1 mT at high temperature, while, once cooled down, they are surprisingly robust even in an inverse magnetic field of 7 T. Thus, the magnetic domain walls could serve as a new-type of microscopic, switchable and electrically readable magnetic medium which is potentially important for future applications in the domain wall nanoelectronics.

  2. Antiferromagnetic molecular nanomagnets with odd-numbered coupled spins

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Owerre, S. A.; Nsofini, J.

    2015-05-01

    In recent years, studies on cyclic molecular nanomagnets have captivated the attention of researchers. These magnets are finite in size and contain very large spins. They are interesting because they possess macroscopic quantum tunneling of Néel vectors. For antiferromagnetic molecular nanomagnets with finite number of even-numbered coupled spins, tunneling involves two classical localized Néel ground states separated by a magnetic energy barrier. The question is: can such phenomena be observed in nanomagnets with odd number of magnetic ions? The answer is not directly obvious because cyclic chains with odd-numbered coupled spins are frustrated as one cannot obtain a perfect Néel order. These frustrated spins can indeed be observed experimentally, so they are of interest. In this letter, we theoretically investigate macroscopic quantum tunneling in this odd spin system with arbitrary spins s, in the presence of a magnetic field applied along the plane of the magnet. In contrast to systems with an even-numbered coupled spins, the ground state of the cyclic odd-spin system contains a topological soliton due to spin frustration. Thus, the classical ground state is 2N-fold degenerate as the soliton can be placed anywhere along the ring with total S_z=+/- s . Small quantum fluctuations delocalize the soliton with a formation of an energy band. We obtain this energy band using degenerate perturbation theory at order 2s. We show that the soliton ground state is chiral for half-odd integer spins and non-chiral for integer spins. From the structure of the energy band we infer that as the value of the spin increases the inelastic polarized neutron-scattering intensity may increase or decrease depending on the strengths of the parameters of the Hamiltonian.

  3. Relief of frustration in the Heisenberg pyrochlore antiferromagnet Gd2Pt2O7

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hallas, A. M.; Sharma, A. Z.; Cai, Y.; Munsie, T. J.; Wilson, M. N.; Tachibana, M.; Wiebe, C. R.; Luke, G. M.

    2016-10-01

    The gadolinium pyrochlores Gd2B2O7 are among the best realizations of antiferromagnetically coupled Heisenberg spins on a pyrochlore lattice. We present a magnetic characterization of Gd2Pt2O7 , a unique member of this family. Magnetic susceptibility, heat capacity, and muon spin relaxation measurements show that Gd2Pt2O7 undergoes an antiferromagnetic ordering transition at TN=1.6 K. This transition is strongly first order, as indicated by the sharpness of the heat capacity anomaly, thermal hysteresis in the magnetic susceptibility, and a nondivergent relaxation rate in μ SR . The form of the heat capacity below TN suggests that the ground state is an anisotropic collinear antiferromagnet with an excitation spectrum that is gapped by 0.245(1) meV. The ordering temperature in Gd2Pt2O7,TN=1.6 K, is a substantial 160% increase from other gadolinium pyrochlores, which are all known to order at 1 K or lower. We attribute this enhancement in TN to the B -site cation, platinum. Despite being nonmagnetic, platinum has a filled 5 d t2 g orbital and an empty 5 d eg orbital that can facilitate superexchange. Thus, the magnetic frustration in Gd2Pt2O7 is partially "relieved," thereby promoting magnetic order.

  4. Unconventional resistivity at the border of metallic antiferromagnetism in NiS2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Niklowitz, P. G.; Alireza, P. L.; Steiner, M. J.; Lonzarich, G. G.; Braithwaite, D.; Knebel, G.; Flouquet, J.; Wilson, J. A.

    2008-03-01

    We report low-temperature and high-pressure measurements of the electrical resistivity ρ(T) of the antiferromagnetic compound NiS2 in its high-pressure metallic state. The form of ρ(T,p) suggests the presence of a quantum phase transition at a critical pressure pc=76±5kbar . Near pc , the temperature variation of ρ(T) is similar to that observed in NiS2-xSex near the critical composition x=1 , where metallic antiferromagnetism is suppressed at ambient pressure. In both cases, ρ(T) varies approximately as T1.5 over a wide range below 100K . This lets us assume that the high-pressure metallic phase of stoichiometric NiS2 also develops itinerant antiferromagnetism, which becomes suppressed at pc . However, on closer analysis, the resistivity exponent in NiS2 exhibits an undulating variation with temperature not seen in NiSSe (x=1) . This difference in behavior may be due to the effects of spin-fluctuation scattering of charge carriers on cold and hot spots of the Fermi surface in the presence of quenched disorder, which is higher in NiSSe than in stoichiometric NiS2 .

  5. Chern-Simons theory of the anisotropic quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a square lattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lopez, Ana; Rojo, A. G.; Fradkin, Eduardo

    1994-06-01

    We consider the anisotropic quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnetic (with anistropy λ) on a square lattice using a Chern-Simons (or Wigner-Jordan) approach. We show that the average field approximation (AFA) yields a phase diagram with two phases: a Neèl state for λ>λc and a flux phase for λ<λc separated by a second-order transition at λc<1. We show that this phase diagram does not describe the XY regime of the antiferromagnet. Fluctuations around the AFA induce relevant operators which yield the correct phase diagram. We find an equivalence between the antiferromagnet and a relativistic field theory of two self-interacting Dirac fermions coupled to a Chern-Simons gauge field. The field theory has a phase diagram with the correct number of Goldstone modes in each regime and a phase transition at a critical coupling λ*>λc. We identify this transition with the isotropic Heisenberg point. It has a nonvanishing Neèl order parameter, which drops to zero discontinuously for λ<λ*.

  6. Anomalous Hall Effect and Topological Defects in Antiferromagnetic Weyl Semimetals: Mn3Sn /Ge

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Jianpeng; Balents, Leon

    2017-08-01

    We theoretically study the interplay between bulk Weyl electrons and magnetic topological defects, including magnetic domains, domain walls, and Z6 vortex lines, in the antiferromagnetic Weyl semimetals Mn3Sn and Mn3Ge with negative vector chirality. We argue that these materials possess a hierarchy of energy scales, which allows a description of the spin structure and spin dynamics using an X Y model with Z6 anisotropy. We propose a dynamical equation of motion for the X Y order parameter, which implies the presence of Z6 vortex lines, the double-domain pattern in the presence of magnetic fields, and the ability to control domains with current. We also introduce a minimal electronic model that allows efficient calculation of the electronic structure in the antiferromagnetic configuration, unveiling Fermi arcs at domain walls, and sharp quasibound states at Z6 vortices. Moreover, we have shown how these materials may allow electronic-based imaging of antiferromagnetic microstructure, and propose a possible device based on the domain-dependent anomalous Hall effect.

  7. Effect of antiferromagnet on exchange bias in systems with antiferromagnetic interfacial coupling and inverted ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic core-matrix morphology.

    PubMed

    Hu, Yong; Ma, Yan; Liu, Yan; Du, An

    2010-11-01

    A modified Monte Carlo Metropolis method is performed to simulate the effects of antiferromagnetic exchange interaction J(AF) and anisotropy K(AF) on exchange bias field H(E) and coercivity H(C) in the nanoparticle systems with antiferromagnetic interfacial coupling and inverted ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic core-matrix morphology after cooling in weak and strong fields H(CF), respectively. The results show that the J(AF) dependence of H(E) is insensitive, except obvious changes occur at intermediate J(AF) for two H(CF). When the values of J(AF) are weak, the absolute values of H(E) may keep at a relatively large value. H(C) has a peak at approximately J(AF) = -0.6 with the increase of J(AF) for weak H(CF), while the opposite trend appears for the case of strong H(CF). H(E) is negative and its absolute value increases with the increase of K(AF) for weak H(CF), so does the trend of H(E) with K(AF) for strong H(CF) as K(AF) < or = 6. However, with further increase of K(AF) for strong H(CF), H(E) varies from the negative value to the positive value. Whereas H(C) for two values of H(CF) both decrease and finally level off with increasing K(AF). Variations of antiferromagnetic exchange interaction and anisotropy may alter the net magnetization and the pinning ability of spins on the surface of frustrated antiferromagnetic cores, resulting in the change of pinning configuration in the antiferromagnet during the magnetization reversal of ferromagnetic spins to influence the exchange bias.

  8. A nonmagnetic impurity in a 2D quantum critical antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Troyer, Matthias

    2003-03-01

    We compute the properties of a mobile hole and a static impurity injected into a two-dimensional antiferromagnet or superconductor in the vicinity of a magnetic quantum critical point. A static S=1/2 impurity doped into a quantum-disordered spin gap system induces a local moment with spin S=1/2 and a corresponding Curie-like impurity susceptibility, while the same impurity in a Néel ordered state only gives a finite impurity susceptibility. For the quantum critical system however an interesting field-theoretical prediction has been made that there the impurity spin susceptibility still has a Curie-like divergence, but with a universal effective spin that is neither an integer nor a half-odd integer [1]. In large-scale quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) simulations using the loop algorithm we calculate the impurity susceptibility and find that, unfortunately, this effect is not observable since the renormalization of the effective spin away from S=1/2 is minimal. Other predictions of the field theory, such as a new critical exponent η' describing the time-dependent impurity spin correlations can however be confirmed [2]. Next we compute the spectral function of a hole injected into a 2D antiferromagnet or superconductor in the vicinity of a magnetic quantum critical point [3]. We show that, near van Hove singularities, the problem maps onto that of a static vacancy. This allows the calculation of the spectral function in a QMC simulation without encountering the negative sign problem. We find a vanishing quasiparticle residue at the critical point, a new exponent η_h0.080.04 describing the frequency dependence of the spectral function G_h(ω)(ɛ_0-ω)-1+ηh and discuss possible relevance to photoemission spectra of cuprate superconductors near the antinodal points. ^1 S. Sachdev, C. Buragohain and M. Vojta, Science 286, 2479 (1999). ^2 M. Troyer, in Prog. Theor. Phys. Suppl. 145 (2002); M. Körner and M. Troyer, ibid. ^3 S. Sachdev, M. Troyer, and M. Vojta, Phys. Rev

  9. Spin-Lattice-Coupled Order in Heisenberg Antiferromagnets on the Pyrochlore Lattice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aoyama, Kazushi; Kawamura, Hikaru

    2016-06-01

    Effects of local lattice distortions on the spin ordering are investigated for the antiferromagnetic classical Heisenberg model on the pyrochlore lattice. It is found by Monte Carlo simulations that the spin-lattice coupling (SLC) originating from site phonons induces a first-order transition into two different types of collinear magnetic ordered states. The state realized at the stronger SLC is cubic symmetric characterized by the magnetic (1/2 ,1/2 ,1/2 ) Bragg peaks, while that at the weaker SLC is tetragonal symmetric characterized by the (1,1,0) ones, each accompanied by the commensurate local lattice distortions. Experimental implications to chromium spinels are discussed.

  10. Quantum spin fluctuations and ellipticity for a triangular-lattice antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fishman, Randy S.

    2011-08-01

    The effects of quantum spin fluctuations are investigated for the three-sublattice spin configurations of a geometrically frustrated triangular-lattice antiferromagnet in a magnetic field with easy-axis anisotropy. Because quantum fluctuations reduce the tilt of the spins toward the easy axis, the predicted distortion of the noncollinear state at zero field is too small to explain the ellipticity reported for the multiferroic state of CuCrO2. Due to the change in spin angles, quantum fluctuations shift the boundaries between the collinear and noncollinear phases and open a gap in field between the two types of noncollinear phases.

  11. Spin-Lattice-Coupled Order in Heisenberg Antiferromagnets on the Pyrochlore Lattice.

    PubMed

    Aoyama, Kazushi; Kawamura, Hikaru

    2016-06-24

    Effects of local lattice distortions on the spin ordering are investigated for the antiferromagnetic classical Heisenberg model on the pyrochlore lattice. It is found by Monte Carlo simulations that the spin-lattice coupling (SLC) originating from site phonons induces a first-order transition into two different types of collinear magnetic ordered states. The state realized at the stronger SLC is cubic symmetric characterized by the magnetic (1/2,1/2,1/2) Bragg peaks, while that at the weaker SLC is tetragonal symmetric characterized by the (1,1,0) ones, each accompanied by the commensurate local lattice distortions. Experimental implications to chromium spinels are discussed.

  12. Transient carrier dynamics in a Mott insulator with antiferromagnetic order

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Iyoda, Eiki; Ishihara, Sumio

    2014-03-01

    We study transient dynamics of hole carriers injected into a Mott insulator with antiferromagnetic long-range order. This "dynamical hole doping" contrasts with chemical hole doping. The theoretical framework for the transient carrier dynamics is presented based on the two-dimensional t-J model. The time dependencies of the optical conductivity spectra, as well as the one-particle excitation spectra, are calculated based on the Keldysh Green's function formalism at zero temperature combined with the self-consistent Born approximation. In the early stage after dynamical hole doping, the Drude component appears, and then incoherent components originating from hole-magnon scattering start to grow. Fast oscillatory behavior owing to coherent magnon and slow relaxation dynamics are confirmed in the spectra. The time profiles are interpreted as doped bare holes being dressed by magnon clouds and relaxed into spin polaron quasiparticle states. The characteristic relaxation times for Drude and incoherent peaks strongly depend on the momentum of the dynamically doped hole and the exchange constant. Implications for recent pump-probe experiments are discussed.

  13. Ultrafast Band Engineering and Transient Spin Currents in Antiferromagnetic Oxides

    PubMed Central

    Gu, Mingqiang; Rondinelli, James M.

    2016-01-01

    We report a dynamic structure and band engineering strategy with experimental protocols to induce indirect-to-direct band gap transitions and coherently oscillating pure spin-currents in three-dimensional antiferromagnets (AFM) using selective phononic excitations. In the Mott insulator LaTiO3, we show that a photo-induced nonequilibrium phonon mode amplitude destroys the spin and orbitally degenerate ground state, reduces the band gap by 160 meV and renormalizes the carrier masses. The time scale of this process is a few hundreds of femtoseconds. Then in the hole-doped correlated metallic titanate, we show how pure spin-currents can be achieved to yield spin-polarizations exceeding those observed in classic semiconductors. Last, we demonstrate the generality of the approach by applying it to the non-orbitally degenerate AFM CaMnO3. These results advance our understanding of electron-lattice interactions in structures out-of-equilibrium and establish a rational framework for designing dynamic phases that may be exploited in ultrafast optoelectronic and optospintronic devices. PMID:27126354

  14. Intrinsic antiferromagnetic/insulating phase at manganite surfaces and interfaces.

    PubMed

    Valencia, S; Peña, L; Konstantinovic, Z; Balcells, Ll; Galceran, R; Schmitz, D; Sandiumenge, F; Casanove, M; Martínez, B

    2014-04-23

    In this work we investigate interfacial effects in bilayer systems integrated by La(2/3)Sr(1/3)MnO(3) (LSMO) thin films and different capping layers by means of surface-sensitive synchrotron radiation techniques and transport measurements. Our data reveal a complex scenario with a capping-dependent variation of the Mn oxidation state by the interface. However, irrespective of the capping material, an antiferromagnetic/insulating phase is also detected at the interface, which is likely to originate from a preferential occupancy of Mn 3d 3z(2)-r(2) e(g) orbitals. This phase, which extends approximately to two unit cells, is also observed in uncapped LSMO reference samples, thus pointing to an intrinsic interfacial phase separation phenomenon, probably promoted by the structural disruption and inversion symmetry breaking at the LSMO free surface/interface. These experimental observations strongly suggest that the structural disruption, with its intrinsic inversion symmetry breaking at the LSMO interfaces, plays a major role in the observed depressed magnetotransport properties in manganite-based magnetic tunneling junctions and explains the origin of the so-called dead layer.

  15. Ultrafast band engineering and transient spin currents in antiferromagnetic oxides

    SciTech Connect

    Gu, Mingqiang; Rondinelli, James M.

    2016-04-29

    Here, we report a dynamic structure and band engineering strategy with experimental protocols to induce indirect-to-direct band gap transitions and coherently oscillating pure spin-currents in three-dimensional antiferromagnets (AFM) using selective phononic excitations. In the Mott insulator LaTiO3, we show that a photo-induced nonequilibrium phonon mode amplitude destroys the spin and orbitally degenerate ground state, reduces the band gap by 160 meV and renormalizes the carrier masses. The time scale of this process is a few hundreds of femtoseconds. Then in the hole-doped correlated metallic titanate, we show how pure spin-currents can be achieved to yield spin-polarizations exceeding those observed in classic semiconductors. Last, we demonstrate the generality of the approach by applying it to the non-orbitally degenerate AFM CaMnO3. These results advance our understanding of electron-lattice interactions in structures out-of-equilibrium and establish a rational framework for designing dynamic phases that may be exploited in ultrafast optoelectronic and optospintronic devices.

  16. Ultrafast Band Engineering and Transient Spin Currents in Antiferromagnetic Oxides

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gu, Mingqiang; Rondinelli, James M.

    2016-04-01

    We report a dynamic structure and band engineering strategy with experimental protocols to induce indirect-to-direct band gap transitions and coherently oscillating pure spin-currents in three-dimensional antiferromagnets (AFM) using selective phononic excitations. In the Mott insulator LaTiO3, we show that a photo-induced nonequilibrium phonon mode amplitude destroys the spin and orbitally degenerate ground state, reduces the band gap by 160 meV and renormalizes the carrier masses. The time scale of this process is a few hundreds of femtoseconds. Then in the hole-doped correlated metallic titanate, we show how pure spin-currents can be achieved to yield spin-polarizations exceeding those observed in classic semiconductors. Last, we demonstrate the generality of the approach by applying it to the non-orbitally degenerate AFM CaMnO3. These results advance our understanding of electron-lattice interactions in structures out-of-equilibrium and establish a rational framework for designing dynamic phases that may be exploited in ultrafast optoelectronic and optospintronic devices.

  17. Criticality in quantum triangular antiferromagnets via fermionized vortices

    SciTech Connect

    Alicea, Jason; Hermele, Michael; Motrunich, Olexei I.; Fisher, Matthew P.A.

    2005-08-01

    We reexamine two-dimensional frustrated quantum magnetism with the aim of exploring new critical points and critical phases. We study easy-plane triangular antiferromagnets using a dual vortex approach, fermionizing the vortices with a Chern-Simons field. Herein we develop this technique for integer-spin systems which generically exhibit a simple paramagnetic phase as well as magnetically ordered phases with coplanar and collinear spin order. Within the fermionized-vortex approach, we derive a low-energy effective theory containing Dirac fermions with two flavors minimally coupled to a U(1) and a Chern-Simons gauge field. At criticality we argue that the Chern-Simons gauge field can be subsumed into the U(1) gauge field, and up to irrelevant interactions one arrives at quantum electrodynamics in 2+1 dimensions (QED3). Moreover, we conjecture that critical QED3 with full SU(2) flavor symmetry describes the O(4) multicritical point of the spin model where the paramagnet and two magnetically ordered phases merge. The remarkable implication is that QED3 with flavor SU(2) symmetry is dual to ordinary critical {phi}{sup 4} field theory with O(4) symmetry. This leads to a number of unexpected, verifiable predictions for QED3. A connection of our fermionized-vortex approach with the dipole interpretation of the {nu}=1/2 fractional quantum Hall state is also demonstrated. The approach introduced in this paper will be applied to spin-1/2 systems in a forthcoming publication.

  18. Propulsion of a domain wall in an antiferromagnet by magnons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Se Kwon; Tserkovnyak, Yaroslav; Tchernyshyov, Oleg

    2014-09-01

    We analyze the dynamics of a domain wall in an easy-axis antiferromagnet driven by circularly polarized magnons. Magnons pass through a stationary domain wall without reflection and thus exert no force on it. However, they reverse their spin upon transmission, thereby transferring two quanta of angular momentum to the domain wall and causing it to precess. A precessing domain wall partially reflects magnons back to the source. The reflection of spin waves creates a previously identified reactive force. We point out a second mechanism of propulsion, which we term redshift: magnons passing through a precessing domain wall lower their frequency by twice the angular velocity of the domain wall; the concomitant reduction of the magnons' linear momentum indicates momentum transfer to the domain wall. We solve the equations of motion for spin waves in the background of a uniformly precessing domain wall with the aid of supersymmetric quantum mechanics and compute the net force and torque applied by magnons to the domain wall. Redshift is the dominant mechanism of propulsion at low spin-wave intensities; reflection dominates at higher intensities. We derive a set of coupled algebraic equations to determine the linear velocity and angular frequency of the domain wall in a steady state. The theory agrees well with numerical micromagnetic simulations.

  19. Local control of antiferromagnetic domains in Cr2O3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adenwalla, S.; Singh, Uday; Echtenkamp, W.; Binek, Ch.

    2015-03-01

    We have used a Cr2O3/Pd/(Co/Pd)3 exchange biased heterostructure to measure the spatial distribution of anti-ferromagnetic (AFM) domains in magnetoelectric AFM Cr2O3.TheAFMCr2O3 possesses a residual roughness insensitive surface magnetization below its Néel temperature (TN 307K) This surface magnetization couples to the ferromagnetic material (Co/Pd) and results in exchange bias. Cooling the Cr2O3 from above its Néel temperature in different magnetization states of the ferromagnet results in the formation of AFM domains in Cr2O3. The AFM domains in the Cr2O3 were mapped by a spatial map of the exchange bias of the ferromagnet for the sample cooled in various remnant conditions of Co/Pd and at different temperatures. Local control of AFM domains was achieved by first, controlling the magnetization of Co/Pd multilayers and cooling below the Neel temperature, resulting in a single AFM domain, and then, subsequently writing a reversed AFM domain using the heat from a 6 mW focused laser beam. Scanning the laser beam allows for the writing of any domain pattern with a spatial resolution of 5 μm, limited only by the focusing optics. This work is supported by NSF Grant No. 1409622 and MRSEC DMR-0820521.

  20. Magnetic Properties of Ubiquitous yet Underrated Antiferromagnetic Nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guyodo, Y. J.; Till, J. L.; Lagroix, F.; Bonville, P.; Penn, R.; Sainctavit, P.; Ona-Nguema, G.; Morin, G.

    2013-05-01

    Ferrihydrite, lepidocrocite and goethite are antiferromagnetic, weakly "ferromagnetic" iron oxyhydroxides that are commonly found in diverse environments, including ground waters and streams, sediments, soils, or acid mine drainage. One of them, ferrihydrite, constitutes the mineral core of ferritin, a vital iron storage protein. Iron oxyhydroxides take part in multiple biological and abiological processes, and can evolve, under changing environmental or geological conditions, to more magnetic phases such as hematite, maghemite, or magnetite. Therefore, they represent key minerals with regard to paleoclimate, paleoenvironmental, and paleomagnetic studies. We will present low temperature magnetic properties acquired on fully characterized synthetic iron oxyhydroxides. The complex nature of the magnetism of these minerals is revealed by comparing magnetic data with other types of characterizations such as high-resolution transmission electron microscopy or synchrotron X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), or when the early-stages of solid-state alteration (under oxidizing or reducing atmosphere) are studied. In particular, we will present resent results about the structure of 6-line ferrihydrite, about the possible presence of ferri-magnetic nano-clusters in lepidocrocite, and about uncompensated magnetic moments in goethite nanoparticles.

  1. Ultrafast band engineering and transient spin currents in antiferromagnetic oxides

    DOE PAGES

    Gu, Mingqiang; Rondinelli, James M.

    2016-04-29

    Here, we report a dynamic structure and band engineering strategy with experimental protocols to induce indirect-to-direct band gap transitions and coherently oscillating pure spin-currents in three-dimensional antiferromagnets (AFM) using selective phononic excitations. In the Mott insulator LaTiO3, we show that a photo-induced nonequilibrium phonon mode amplitude destroys the spin and orbitally degenerate ground state, reduces the band gap by 160 meV and renormalizes the carrier masses. The time scale of this process is a few hundreds of femtoseconds. Then in the hole-doped correlated metallic titanate, we show how pure spin-currents can be achieved to yield spin-polarizations exceeding those observed inmore » classic semiconductors. Last, we demonstrate the generality of the approach by applying it to the non-orbitally degenerate AFM CaMnO3. These results advance our understanding of electron-lattice interactions in structures out-of-equilibrium and establish a rational framework for designing dynamic phases that may be exploited in ultrafast optoelectronic and optospintronic devices.« less

  2. Synthetic antiferromagnetic nanoparticles as potential contrast agents in MRI.

    PubMed

    Van Roosbroeck, Ruben; Van Roy, Willem; Stakenborg, Tim; Trekker, Jesse; D'Hollander, Antoine; Dresselaers, Tom; Himmelreich, Uwe; Lammertyn, Jeroen; Lagae, Liesbet

    2014-03-25

    We present the top-down synthesis of a novel type of MRI T2 contrast agent with great control over size and shape using a colloidal lithography technique. The resulting synthetic antiferromagnetic nanoparticles (SAF-NPs) yield improved relaxivities compared to superparamagnetic iron oxide alternatives (SPIONs). For T2 weighted imaging, the outer sphere relaxation theory has shown that the sensitivity of a T2 contrast agent is dependent on the particle size with an optimal size that exceeds the superparamagnetic limit of SPIONs. With the use of the interlayer exchange coupling effect, the SAF-NPs presented here do not suffer from this limit. Adjusting the outer sphere relaxation theory for spherical particles to SAF-NPs, we show both theoretically and experimentally that the SAF-NP size can be optimized to reach the r2 maximum. With measured r2 values up to 355 s(-1) mM(-1), our SAF-NPs show better performance than commercial alternatives and are competitive with the state-of-the-art. This performance is confirmed in an in vitro MRI study on SKOV3 cells.

  3. Kinetically Inhibited Order in a Diamond-Lattice Antiferromagnet

    SciTech Connect

    MacDougall, Gregory J; Gout, Delphine J; Zarestky, Jerel L; Ehlers, Georg; Podlesnyak, Andrey A; McGuire, Michael A; Mandrus, David; Nagler, Stephen E

    2011-01-01

    Frustrated magnetic systems exhibit highly degenerate ground states and strong fluctuations, often leading to new physics. An intriguing example of current interest is the antiferromagnet on a diamond lattice, realized physically in the A-site spinel materials. This is a prototypical system in three dimensions where frustration arises from competing interactions rather than purely geometric constraints, and theory suggests the possibility of novel order at low temperature. Here we present a comprehensive single crystal neutron scattering study CoAl2O4, a highly frustrated A-site spinel. We observe strong diffuse scattering that peaks at wavevectors associated with Neel ordering. Below the temperature T*=6.5K, there is a dramatic change in elastic scattering lineshape accompanied by the emergence of well-defined spin-wave excitations. T* had previously been associated with the onset of glassy behavior. Our new results suggest instead that in fact T* signifies a first-order phase transition, but with true long-range order inhibited by the kinetic freezing of domain walls. This scenario might be expected to occur widely in frustrated systems containing first-order phase transitions and is a natural explanation for existing reports of anomalous glassy behavior in other materials.

  4. Phase diagram of the triangular-lattice Potts antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lykke Jacobsen, Jesper; Salas, Jesús; Scullard, Christian R.

    2017-08-01

    We study the phase diagram of the triangular-lattice Q-state Potts model in the real (Q, v) -plane, where v=e^J-1 is the temperature variable. Our first goal is to provide an obviously missing feature of this diagram: the position of the antiferromagnetic critical curve. This curve turns out to possess a bifurcation point with two branches emerging from it, entailing important consequences for the global phase diagram. We have obtained accurate numerical estimates for the position of this curve by combining the transfer-matrix approach for strip graphs with toroidal boundary conditions and the recent method of critical polynomials. The second goal of this work is to study the corresponding Ap-1 RSOS model on the torus, for integer p=4, 5, \\ldots, 8 . We clarify its relation to the corresponding Potts model, in particular concerning the role of boundary conditions. For certain values of p, we identify several new critical points and regimes for the RSOS model and we initiate the study of the flows between the corresponding field theories.

  5. Antiferromagnet-induced perpendicular magnetic anisotropy in ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic/ferromagnetic trilayers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Bo-Yao; Lin, Po-Han; Tsai, Ming-Shian; Shih, Chun-Wei; Lee, Meng-Ju; Huang, Chun-Wei; Jih, Nae-Yeou; Wei, Der-Hsin

    2016-08-01

    This study demonstrates the effect of antiferromagnet-induced perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) on ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic/ferromagnetic (FM/AFM/FM) trilayers and reveals its interplay with a long-range interlayer coupling between separated FM layers. In epitaxially grown 12 monolayer (ML) Ni/Co/Mn/5 ML Co/Cu(001) films, magnetic hysteresis loops and element-resolved magnetic domain imaging showed that the magnetization direction of the top layers of 12 ML Ni/Co films could be changed from the in-plane direction to the perpendicular direction, when the thickness of the Mn films (tMn) was greater than a critical value close to the thickness threshold associated with the onset of AFM ordering (tMn=3.5 ML). The top FM layers exhibited a significantly enhanced PMA when tMn increased further, and this enhancement can be attributed to a strengthened AFM ordering of the volume moments of the Mn films, as evidenced by the presence of induced domain frustration. By contrast, the long-range interlayer coupling presented clear effects only when tMn was at a lower coverage.

  6. Ising antiferromagnet on a finite triangular lattice with free boundary conditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Seung-Yeon

    2015-11-01

    The exact integer values for the density of states of the Ising model on an equilateral triangular lattice with free boundary conditions are evaluated up to L = 24 spins on a side for the first time by using the microcanonical transfer matrix. The total number of states is 2 N s = 2300 ≈ 2.037 × 1090 for L = 24, where N s = L( L+1)/2 is the number of spins. Classifying all 2300 spin states according to their energy values is an enormous work. From the density of states, the exact partition function zeros in the complex temperature plane of the triangular-lattice Ising model are evaluated. Using the density of states and the partition function zeros, we investigate the properties of the triangularlattice Ising antiferromagnet. The scaling behavior of the ground-state entropy and the form of the correlation length at T = 0 are studied for the triangular-lattice Ising antiferromagnet with free boundary conditions. Also, the scaling behavior of the Fisher edge singularity is investigated.

  7. From itinerant ferromagnetism to insulating antiferromagnetism: A magnetic and transport study of single crystal SrRu1-xMnxO3 (0<= x<0.60)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chikara, Shalinee; Schlottmann, Pedro

    2005-03-01

    We report results of a magnetic and transport study of SrRu1-xMnxO3 (0<= x<0.60), i.e., Mn doped SrRuO3. The Mn doping drives the system from the itinerant ferromagnetic state (TC=165 K for x=0) through a quantum critical point at xc=0.39 to an insulating antiferromagnetic state. The onset of antiferromagnetism is abrupt with a Néel temperature increasing from 205 K for x=0.44 to 250 K for x=0.59. Accompanying this quantum phase transition is a drastic change in resistivity by as much as 8 orders of magnitude as a function of x at low temperatures. The critical composition xc=0.39 sharply separates the two distinct ground states, namely the ferromagnetic metal from the antiferromagnetic insulator.

  8. Suppression of the antiferromagnetic pseudogap in the electron-doped high-temperature superconductor by protect annealing.

    PubMed

    Horio, M; Adachi, T; Mori, Y; Takahashi, A; Yoshida, T; Suzuki, H; Ambolode, L C C; Okazaki, K; Ono, K; Kumigashira, H; Anzai, H; Arita, M; Namatame, H; Taniguchi, M; Ootsuki, D; Sawada, K; Takahashi, M; Mizokawa, T; Koike, Y; Fujimori, A

    2016-02-04

    In the hole-doped cuprates, a small number of carriers suppresses antiferromagnetism and induces superconductivity. In the electron-doped cuprates, on the other hand, superconductivity appears only in a narrow window of high-doped Ce concentration after reduction annealing, and strong antiferromagnetic correlation persists in the superconducting phase. Recently, Pr(1.3-x)La0.7Ce(x)CuO4 (PLCCO) bulk single crystals annealed by a protect annealing method showed a high critical temperature of around 27 K for small Ce content down to 0.05. Here, by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy measurements of PLCCO crystals, we observed a sharp quasi-particle peak on the entire Fermi surface without signature of an antiferromagnetic pseudogap unlike all the previous work, indicating a dramatic reduction of antiferromagnetic correlation length and/or of magnetic moments. The superconducting state was found to extend over a wide electron concentration range. The present results fundamentally challenge the long-standing picture on the electronic structure in the electron-doped regime.

  9. Suppressed weak antilocalization in the topological insulator Bi2Se3 proximity coupled to antiferromagnetic NiO.

    PubMed

    Bhowmick, Tushar; Jerng, Sahng-Kyoon; Jeon, Jae Ho; Roy, Sanjib Baran; Kim, Yong Hyeon; Seo, Junho; Kim, Jun Sung; Chun, Seung-Hyun

    2017-01-05

    Time-reversal symmetry (TRS) breaking of the topological insulators (TIs) is a prerequisite to observe the quantum anomalous Hall effect (QAHE) and topological magnetoelectric effect (TME). Although antiferromagnetism as well as ferromagnetism could break the TRS and generate massive Dirac surface states in the TIs, no attention has been paid to the antiferromagnet-TI heterostructures. Herein, we report the magnetotransport measurements of Bi2Se3 proximately coupled to antiferromagnetic NiO. Thin films of Bi2Se3 were successfully grown on the NiO (001) single crystalline substrates by molecular beam epitaxy. Unexpectedly, we observed a strong suppression of the weak antilocalization effect, which is similar to the case of TIs coupled to the ferromagnetic materials. For the 5 nm-thick Bi2Se3 sample on NiO, we even observed a crossover to weak localization at 2 K. These behaviors are attributed to the strong magnetic exchange field from the Ni 3d electrons. Our results show the effectiveness of the antiferromagnetic materials in breaking the TRS of TIs by the proximity effect and their possible applications for QAHE and TME observations.

  10. Hidden order signatures in the antiferromagnetic phase of U(Ru1-xFex)2Si2

    DOE PAGES

    Williams, Travis J.; Aczel, Adam A.; Stone, Matthew B.; ...

    2017-03-31

    We present a comprehensive set of elastic and inelastic neutron scattering measurements on a range of Fe-doped samples of U(Ru1–xFex)2Si2 with 0.01 ≤ x ≤ 0.15. All of the samples measured exhibit long-range antiferromagnetic order, with the size of the magnetic moment quickly increasing to 0.51μB at 2.5% doping and continuing to increase monotonically with doping, reaching 0.69μB at 15% doping. Time-of-flight and inelastic triple-axis measurements show the existence of excitations at (1 0 0) and (1.4 0 0) in all samples, which are also observed in the parent compound. While the excitations in the 1% doping are quantitatively identicalmore » to the parent material, the gap and width of the excitations change rapidly at 2.5% Fe doping and above. The 1% doped sample shows evidence for a separation in temperature between the hidden order and antiferromagnetic transitions, suggesting that the antiferromagnetic state emerges at very low Fe dopings. Finally, the combined neutron scattering data suggest not only discontinuous changes in the magnetic moment and excitations between the hidden order and antiferromagnetic phases, but that these changes continue to evolve up to at least x = 0.15.« less

  11. Isothermal anisotropic magnetoresistance in antiferromagnetic metallic IrMn

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Galceran, R.; Fina, I.; Cisneros-Fernández, J.; Bozzo, B.; Frontera, C.; López-Mir, L.; Deniz, H.; Park, K.-W.; Park, B.-G.; Balcells, Ll.; Martí, X.; Jungwirth, T.; Martínez, B.

    2016-10-01

    Antiferromagnetic spintronics is an emerging field; antiferromagnets can improve the functionalities of ferromagnets with higher response times, and having the information shielded against external magnetic field. Moreover, a large list of aniferromagnetic semiconductors and metals with Néel temperatures above room temperature exists. In the present manuscript, we persevere in the quest for the limits of how large can anisotropic magnetoresistance be in antiferromagnetic materials with very large spin-orbit coupling. We selected IrMn as a prime example of first-class moment (Mn) and spin-orbit (Ir) combination. Isothermal magnetotransport measurements in an antiferromagnetic-metal(IrMn)/ferromagnetic-insulator thin film bilayer have been performed. The metal/insulator structure with magnetic coupling between both layers allows the measurement of the modulation of the transport properties exclusively in the antiferromagnetic layer. Anisotropic magnetoresistance as large as 0.15% has been found, which is much larger than that for a bare IrMn layer. Interestingly, it has been observed that anisotropic magnetoresistance is strongly influenced by the field cooling conditions, signaling the dependence of the found response on the formation of domains at the magnetic ordering temperature.

  12. Isothermal anisotropic magnetoresistance in antiferromagnetic metallic IrMn.

    PubMed

    Galceran, R; Fina, I; Cisneros-Fernández, J; Bozzo, B; Frontera, C; López-Mir, L; Deniz, H; Park, K-W; Park, B-G; Balcells, Ll; Martí, X; Jungwirth, T; Martínez, B

    2016-10-20

    Antiferromagnetic spintronics is an emerging field; antiferromagnets can improve the functionalities of ferromagnets with higher response times, and having the information shielded against external magnetic field. Moreover, a large list of aniferromagnetic semiconductors and metals with Néel temperatures above room temperature exists. In the present manuscript, we persevere in the quest for the limits of how large can anisotropic magnetoresistance be in antiferromagnetic materials with very large spin-orbit coupling. We selected IrMn as a prime example of first-class moment (Mn) and spin-orbit (Ir) combination. Isothermal magnetotransport measurements in an antiferromagnetic-metal(IrMn)/ferromagnetic-insulator thin film bilayer have been performed. The metal/insulator structure with magnetic coupling between both layers allows the measurement of the modulation of the transport properties exclusively in the antiferromagnetic layer. Anisotropic magnetoresistance as large as 0.15% has been found, which is much larger than that for a bare IrMn layer. Interestingly, it has been observed that anisotropic magnetoresistance is strongly influenced by the field cooling conditions, signaling the dependence of the found response on the formation of domains at the magnetic ordering temperature.

  13. Isothermal anisotropic magnetoresistance in antiferromagnetic metallic IrMn

    PubMed Central

    Galceran, R.; Fina, I.; Cisneros-Fernández, J.; Bozzo, B.; Frontera, C.; López-Mir, L.; Deniz, H.; Park, K.-W.; Park, B.-G.; Balcells, Ll.; Martí, X.; Jungwirth, T.; Martínez, B.

    2016-01-01

    Antiferromagnetic spintronics is an emerging field; antiferromagnets can improve the functionalities of ferromagnets with higher response times, and having the information shielded against external magnetic field. Moreover, a large list of aniferromagnetic semiconductors and metals with Néel temperatures above room temperature exists. In the present manuscript, we persevere in the quest for the limits of how large can anisotropic magnetoresistance be in antiferromagnetic materials with very large spin-orbit coupling. We selected IrMn as a prime example of first-class moment (Mn) and spin-orbit (Ir) combination. Isothermal magnetotransport measurements in an antiferromagnetic-metal(IrMn)/ferromagnetic-insulator thin film bilayer have been performed. The metal/insulator structure with magnetic coupling between both layers allows the measurement of the modulation of the transport properties exclusively in the antiferromagnetic layer. Anisotropic magnetoresistance as large as 0.15% has been found, which is much larger than that for a bare IrMn layer. Interestingly, it has been observed that anisotropic magnetoresistance is strongly influenced by the field cooling conditions, signaling the dependence of the found response on the formation of domains at the magnetic ordering temperature. PMID:27762278

  14. Spin pumping and inverse spin Hall voltages from dynamical antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johansen, Øyvind; Brataas, Arne

    2017-06-01

    Dynamical antiferromagnets can pump spins into adjacent conductors. The high antiferromagnetic resonance frequencies represent a challenge for experimental detection, but magnetic fields can reduce these resonance frequencies. We compute the ac and dc inverse spin Hall voltages resulting from dynamical spin excitations as a function of a magnetic field along the easy axis and the polarization of the driving ac magnetic field perpendicular to the easy axis. We consider the insulating antiferromagnets MnF2,FeF2, and NiO. Near the spin-flop transition, there is a significant enhancement of the dc spin pumping and inverse spin Hall voltage for the uniaxial antiferromagnets MnF2 and FeF2. In the uniaxial antiferromagnets it is also found that the ac spin pumping is independent of the external magnetic field when the driving field has the optimal circular polarization. In the biaxial NiO, the voltages are much weaker, and there is no spin-flop enhancement of the dc component.

  15. Unified molecular field theory for collinear and noncollinear Heisenberg antiferromagnets

    DOE PAGES

    Johnston, David C.

    2015-02-27

    In this study, a unified molecular field theory (MFT) is presented that applies to both collinear and planar noncollinear Heisenberg antiferromagnets (AFs) on the same footing. The spins in the system are assumed to be identical and crystallographically equivalent. This formulation allows calculations of the anisotropic magnetic susceptibility χ versus temperature T below the AF ordering temperature TN to be carried out for arbitrary Heisenberg exchange interactions Jij between arbitrary neighbors j of a given spin i without recourse to magnetic sublattices. The Weiss temperature θp in the Curie-Weiss law is written in terms of the Jij values and TNmore » in terms of the Jij values and an assumed AF structure. Other magnetic and thermal properties are then expressed in terms of quantities easily accessible from experiment as laws of corresponding states for a given spin S. For collinear ordering these properties are the reduced temperature t=T/TN, the ratio f = θp/TN, and S. For planar noncollinear helical or cycloidal ordering, an additional parameter is the wave vector of the helix or cycloid. The MFT is also applicable to AFs with other AF structures. The MFT predicts that χ(T ≤ TN) of noncollinear 120° spin structures on triangular lattices is isotropic and independent of S and T and thus clarifies the origin of this universally observed behavior. The high-field magnetization and heat capacity for fields applied perpendicular to the ordering axis (collinear AFs) and ordering plane (planar noncollinear AFs) are also calculated and expressed for both types of AF structures as laws of corresponding states for a given S, and the reduced perpendicular field versus reduced temperature phase diagram is constructed.« less

  16. Pairing-induced kinetic energy lowering in doped antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wróbel, P.; Eder, R.; Fulde, P.

    2003-10-01

    We analyse lowering of the kinetic energy in doped antiferromagnets at the transition to the superconducting state. Measurements of optical conductivity indicate that such unconventional behaviour takes place in underdoped Bi-2212. We argue that the definition of the operator representing the kinetic energy is determined by experimental conditions. The thermodynamic average of that operator is related to the integrated spectral weight of the optical conductivity and thus depends on the cut-off frequency limiting that integral. If the upper limit of the integral lies below the charge transfer gap the spectral weight represents the average of the hopping term in the space restricted to the energy range below the gap. We show that the kinetic energy is indeed lowered at the superconducting transition in the t-J model (tJM), which is an effective model defined in the restricted space. That result is in agreement with experimental observations and may be attributed to the formation of spin polarons and the change of roles which are played by the kinetic and the potential energy in the tJM and in some effective model for spin polarons. The total spectral weight represents the kinetic energy in a model defined in a broader space if the upper limit in the integral of the optical conductivity is set above the gap. We demonstrate that the kinetic energy in the Hubbard model is also lowered in the superconducting state. That result does not agree with experimental observations, indicating that the spectral weight is conserved for all temperatures if the upper limit of the integral is set above the charge transfer gap. This discrepancy suggests that a single band model is not capable of describing in some respects the physics of excitations across the gap.

  17. Unified molecular field theory for collinear and noncollinear Heisenberg antiferromagnets

    SciTech Connect

    Johnston, David C.

    2015-02-27

    In this study, a unified molecular field theory (MFT) is presented that applies to both collinear and planar noncollinear Heisenberg antiferromagnets (AFs) on the same footing. The spins in the system are assumed to be identical and crystallographically equivalent. This formulation allows calculations of the anisotropic magnetic susceptibility χ versus temperature T below the AF ordering temperature TN to be carried out for arbitrary Heisenberg exchange interactions Jij between arbitrary neighbors j of a given spin i without recourse to magnetic sublattices. The Weiss temperature θp in the Curie-Weiss law is written in terms of the Jij values and TN in terms of the Jij values and an assumed AF structure. Other magnetic and thermal properties are then expressed in terms of quantities easily accessible from experiment as laws of corresponding states for a given spin S. For collinear ordering these properties are the reduced temperature t=T/TN, the ratio f = θp/TN, and S. For planar noncollinear helical or cycloidal ordering, an additional parameter is the wave vector of the helix or cycloid. The MFT is also applicable to AFs with other AF structures. The MFT predicts that χ(T ≤ TN) of noncollinear 120° spin structures on triangular lattices is isotropic and independent of S and T and thus clarifies the origin of this universally observed behavior. The high-field magnetization and heat capacity for fields applied perpendicular to the ordering axis (collinear AFs) and ordering plane (planar noncollinear AFs) are also calculated and expressed for both types of AF structures as laws of corresponding states for a given S, and the reduced perpendicular field versus reduced temperature phase diagram is constructed.

  18. Structural anomalies associated with antiferromagnetic transition of single-component molecular metal [Au(tmdt)2].

    PubMed

    Zhou, Biao; Kobayashi, Akiko; Okano, Yoshinori; Cui, HengBo; Graf, David; Brooks, James S; Nakashima, Takeshi; Aoyagi, Shinobu; Nishibori, Eiji; Sakata, Makoto; Kobayashi, Hayao

    2009-11-02

    The crystal structure of the single-component molecular metal [Au(tmdt)(2)] was examined by performing powder X-ray diffraction experiments in the temperature range of 9-300 K using a synchrotron radiation source installed at SPring-8. The structural anomalies associated with antiferromagnetic transition were observed around the transition temperature (T(N) = 110 K). The continuous temperature dependence of the unit cell volume and the discontinuous change in the thermal expansion coefficient at T(N) suggested that the antiferromagnetic transition of [Au(tmdt)(2)] is a second-order transition. Au(tmdt)(2) molecules are closely packed in the (021) plane with two-dimensional lattice vectors of a and l (= 2a + b + 2c). The shortest intermolecular S...S distance along the a axis shows a sharp decrease at around T(N), while the temperature dependence of l exhibits a characteristic peak in the same temperature region. A distinct structure anomaly was not observed along the direction perpendicular to the (021) plane. These results suggest that the molecular arrangement in only the (021) plane changes significantly at T(N). Thus, the intermolecular spacing shows anomalous temperature dependence at around T(N) only along that direction where the neighboring tmdt ligands have opposite spins in the antiferromagnetic spin structure model recently derived from ab initio band structure calculations. The results of single-crystal four-probe resistance measurements on extremely small crystals (approximately 25 microm) did not show a distinct resistance anomaly at T(N). The resistance anomaly associated with antiferromagnetic transition, if at all present, is very small. The Au-S bond length decreases sharply at around 110 K; this is consistent with the proposed antiferromagnetic spin distribution model, where the left and right ligands of the same molecule possess opposite spin polarizations. The tendency of the Au-S bond to elongate with decreasing temperature is ascribed to the

  19. Effects of the antiferromagnetic spin structure on antiferromagnetically induced perpendicular magnetic anisotropy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Bo-Yao; Tsai, Ming-Shian; Huang, Chun-Wei; Shih, Chun-Wei; Chen, Chia-Ju; Lin, Kai; Li, Jin-Jhuan; Jih, Nae-Yeou; Lu, Chun-I.; Chuang, Tzu-Hung; Wei, Der-Hsin

    2017-09-01

    Antiferromagnetic (AFM) thin films are promising materials for inducing perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) in adjacent ferromagnetic (FM) films. This study demonstrates that in a selected AFM spin structure with out-of-plane uncompensated moments, the magnitude of the induced PMA in its neighboring Co/Ni film could be significantly enhanced by the establishment of a collinearlike exchange interaction between the volume moments of the AFM film and the perpendicular magnetic FM film. Detailed magnetic hysteresis loops and x-ray analysis revealed a quench of perpendicular surface anisotropy in a monolayered Fe50Mn50/Co /Ni film due to the formation of antiparallel-like coupled Fe and Mn moments. By contrast, the establishment of a three-dimensional quadratic-type AFM spin structure of an Fe50Mn50 film triggered parallel-like out-of-plane uncompensated Fe and Mn moments at the interface and reinforced the PMA induced in the Co/Ni film.

  20. Quantum phase transitions in disordered antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Rong

    Recently quantum phase transitions have attracted the interest of both theorists and experimentalists in condensed matter physics. Quantum magnets provide a perfect playground for studying these phase transitions since they can be triggered by many control parameters such as frustration, lattice dimerization, and magnetic field. Most previous studies have focused on the magnetic properties in pure systems. In these systems, responses to the triggering parameters are found to be uniform, leading to homogeneous phases. However little progress has been made so far on the phase transitions and properties in disordered quantum magnets because they are more complicated systems, and few theoretical tools can be applied. In this thesis we use the stochastic series expansion quantum Monte Carlo method to study quantum phase transitions in disordered magnets. We find that disordered magnets can behave quite differently from pure systems. The system inhomogeneity can strongly affect phase transitions by changing their universality class. We also find order-disorder transitions are often accompanied by the appearance of novel quantum disordered phases, in which magnetic properties behave highly nontrivial, even singular. In this thesis two examples are studied in great detail. The first one is the phase diagram of an inhomogeneous, bond-diluted two-dimensional antiferromagnet near the percolation threshold. We show that the magnetic transition can be tuned by the inhomogeneity of the dilution from a classical percolation to a quantum phase transition. Interestingly the quantum transition still takes the nature of a renormalized percolative transition, with continuously varying critical exponents. A gapless quantum disordered phase with no magnetic long-range order but geometric percolation is found. The low-temperature uniform susceptibility diverges as a non-universal power-law of the temperature in this phase, indicating that this is a quantum Griffiths phase. In the second

  1. NiS - An unusual self-doped, nearly compensated antiferromagnetic metal

    PubMed Central

    Panda, S. K.; Dasgupta, I.; Şaşıoğlu, E.; Blügel, S.; Sarma, D. D.

    2013-01-01

    NiS, exhibiting a text-book example of a first-order transition with many unusual properties at low temperatures, has been variously described in terms of conflicting descriptions of its ground state during the past several decades. We calculate these physical properties within first-principle approaches based on the density functional theory and conclusively establish that all experimental data can be understood in terms of a rather unusual ground state of NiS that is best described as a self-doped, nearly compensated, antiferromagnetic metal, resolving the age-old controversy. We trace the origin of this novel ground state to the specific details of the crystal structure, band dispersions and a sizable Coulomb interaction strength that is still sub-critical to drive the system in to an insulating state. We also show how the specific antiferromagnetic structure is a consequence of the less-discussed 90° and less than 90° superexchange interactions built in to such crystal structures. PMID:24141233

  2. Sudden and Slow Quenches into the Antiferromagnetic Phase of Ultracold Fermions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ojekhile, Monika; Höppner, Robert; Moritz, Henning; Mathey, Ludwig

    2016-12-01

    We propose a method to reach the antiferromagnetic state of two-dimensional Fermi gases trapped in optical lattices: Independent subsystems are prepared in suitable initial states and then connected by a sudden or slow quench of the tunneling between the subsystems. Examples of suitable low-entropy subsystems are double wells or plaquettes, which can be experimentally realised in Mott insulating shells using optical super-lattices. We estimate the effective temperature T* of the system after the quench by calculating the distribution of excitations created using the spin wave approximation in a Heisenberg model. We investigate the effect of an initial staggered magnetic field and find that for an optimal polarisation of the initial state the effective temperature can be significantly reduced from T*≈1.7 Tc at zero polarisation to T*<0.65Tc, where Tc is the crossover temperature to the antiferromagnetic state. The temperature can be further reduced using a finite quench time. We also show that T* decreases logarithmically with the linear size of the subsystem.

  3. Spin dynamics simulations for a nanoscale Heisenberg antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hou, Zhuofei; Landau, D. P.; Brown, G.; Stocks, G. M.

    2010-03-01

    Thermoinduced magnetization(TiM) is a novel response which was predicted to occur in nanoscale antiferromagnetic materials. Extensive Monte Carlo simulations footnotetextG. Brown, A. Janotti, M. Eisenbach, and G. M. Stocks, Phys.Rev.B 72, 140405(2005) have shown that TiM is an intrinsic property of the antiferromagnetic classical Heisenberg model below the Neel temperature. To obtain a fundamental understanding of TiM, spin dynamics(SD) simulations are performed to study the spin wave behavior, which seems to be the cause of TiM. A classical Heisenberg model with an antiferromagnetic nearest-neighbor exchange interaction and uniaxial single-site anisotropy is studied. Simple-cubic lattices with free boundary conditions are used. We employed the fast spin dynamics algorithms with fourth-order Suzuki-Trotter decompositions of the exponential operator. Additional small excitation peaks due to surface effects are found in transverse S(q,w).

  4. Kondo Screening and Fermi Surface in the Antiferromagnetic Metal Phase

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamamoto, Seiji; Si, Qimiao

    2006-03-01

    We address the Kondo effect deep inside the antiferromagnetic metal phase of a Kondo lattice Hamiltonian with SU(2) invariance. The local- moment component is described in terms of a non-linear sigma model. The Fermi surface of the conduction electron component is taken to be sufficiently small, so that it is not spanned by the antiferromagnetic wavevector. The effective low energy form of the Kondo coupling simplifies drastically, corresponding to the uniform component of the magnetization that forward-scatters the conduction electrons on their own Fermi surface. We use a combined bosonic and fermionic (Shankar) renormalization group procedure to analyze this effective theory and study the Kondo screening and Fermi surface in the antiferromagnetic phase. The implications for the global magnetic phase diagram, as well as quantum critical points, of heavy fermion metals are discussed.

  5. Antiferromagnetic model of aggregation of a magnetic fluid

    SciTech Connect

    Morozov, K.I.

    1987-07-01

    Reversible aggregation of ferromagnetic particles of a magnetic fluid (MF) in an external magnetic field has been observed in a number of experimental studies. In this work the aggregation of MF is interpreted as a separation into paramagnetic and antiferromagnetic phases. A comparative analysis of the thermodynamic stability of antiferromagnetic (droplike) and ferromagnetic (needlelike) agglomerates is carried out. It is shown that in the absence of an applied field the former are thermodynamically more advantageous than the latter; the critical field of the antiferromagnetic-ferromagnetic phase transition is found, the critical values of the concentration of the MF, the temperature, and the osmotic pressure, determining the onset of the separation of the MF into regions with high and low particle concentration, are calculated.

  6. Interplay between charge density wave and antiferromagnetic order in GdNiC2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hanasaki, N.; Shimomura, S.; Mikami, K.; Nogami, Y.; Nakao, H.; Onodera, H.

    2017-02-01

    The correlation between the charge density wave (CDW) and f local moments is observed in GdNiC2 by means of x-ray diffraction in a magnetic field. Various kinds of electronic states exist in the magnetic field. The intensity of the CDW peak changes in the successive transitions and the commensurate-incommensurate transition of the CDW takes place as well. The successive transitions are explained in terms of a cooperative effect of the Peierls instability and the spin Friedel oscillation, in which the antiferromagnetic order of the f local moments is coupled to the spin density wave coexisting with the CDW of the conduction electron.

  7. Localized spin excitations in an antiferromagnetic spin system with D-M interaction

    SciTech Connect

    Evangeline Rebecca, T.; Latha, M. M.

    2016-06-15

    The existence of localized spin excitations and spin deviations along the site in a one-dimensional antiferromagnet with Dzyaloshinski-Moriya (D-M) interaction has been studied using quasiclassical approximation. By introducing the Holstein-Primakoff bosonic representation of spin operators, the coherent state ansatz, and the time dependent variational principle, a discrete set of coupled nonlinear partial differential equations governing the dynamics is derived. Employing the multiple-scale method, one, two and three solitary wave solutions are constructed and depicted graphically.

  8. Antiferromagnetic resonance in the Mott insulator fcc-Cs3C60.

    PubMed

    Suzuki, Yuta; Shibasaki, Seiji; Kubozono, Yoshihiro; Kambe, Takashi

    2013-09-11

    The magnetic ground state of the fcc phase of the Mott insulator Cs3C60 was studied using a low-temperature electron spin resonance technique, and antiferromagnetic resonance (AFMR) below 1.57 K was directly observed at ambient pressure. The AFMR modes for the fcc phase of Cs3C60 were investigated using a conventional two-sublattice model with uniaxial anisotropy, and the spin-flop field was determined to be 4.7 kOe at 1.57 K. The static magnetic exchange interactions and anisotropy field for fcc-Cs3C60 were also estimated.

  9. Antiferromagnetism of La2CuO(4-y) studied by muon-spin rotation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Uemura, Y. J.; Kossler, W. J.; Yu, X. H.; Kempton, J. R.; Schone, H. E.

    1987-01-01

    Zero-field spin precession of positive muons has been observed in the antiferromagnetic state of La2CuO(4-y). Sharp onsets of the sublattice magnetization are found at temperatures close to those of the susceptibility maxima of different specimens. The long-lived precession signal indicates a microscopically homogeneous distribution of spin density at each Cu atom below the Neel temperature. A combination of the present results and neutron-scattering studies indicates the ordered moment per Cu atom to be significantly less than 1 mu(B).

  10. Quantum phase transition of the randomly diluted heisenberg antiferromagnet on a square lattice

    PubMed

    Kato; Todo; Harada; Kawashima; Miyashita; Takayama

    2000-05-01

    Ground-state magnetic properties of the diluted Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a square lattice are investigated by means of the quantum Monte Carlo method with the continuous-time loop algorithm. It is found that the critical concentration of magnetic sites is independent of the spin size S, and equal to the two-dimensional percolation threshold. However, the existence of quantum fluctuations makes the critical exponents deviate from those of the classical percolation transition. Furthermore, we found that the transition is not universal, i.e., the critical exponents significantly depend on S.

  11. Third-neighbor correlators of a one-dimensional spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet.

    PubMed

    Sakai, Kazumitsu; Shiroishi, Masahiro; Nishiyama, Yoshihiro; Takahashi, Minoru

    2003-06-01

    We exactly evaluate the third-neighbor correlator S(z)(j)S(z)(j+3) and all the possible nonzero correlators S(alpha)(j)S(beta)(j+1)S(gamma;)(j+2)S(delta)(j+3) of the one-dimensional spin-1/2 Heisenberg XXX antiferromagnet in the ground state without magnetic field. All the correlators are expressed in terms of certain combinations of logarithm ln 2, the Riemann zeta function zeta(3), zeta(5) with rational coefficients. The results accurately coincide with the numerical ones obtained by the density-matrix renormalization group method and the numerical diagonalization.

  12. Quantum selection of order in an XXZ antiferromagnet on a Kagome lattice.

    PubMed

    Chernyshev, A L; Zhitomirsky, M E

    2014-12-05

    Selection of the ground state of the kagome-lattice XXZ antiferromagnet by quantum fluctuations is investigated by combining nonlinear spin-wave and real-space perturbation theories. The two methods unanimously favor q=0 over sqrt[3]×sqrt[3] magnetic order in a wide range of the anisotropy parameter 0≤Δ≲0.72. Both approaches are also in accord on the magnitude of the quantum order-by-disorder effect generated by topologically nontrivial, looplike spin-flip processes. A tentative S-Δ phase diagram of the model is proposed.

  13. Spin transport through the metallic antiferromagnet FeMn

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saglam, H.; Zhang, W.; Jungfleisch, M. B.; Sklenar, J.; Pearson, J. E.; Ketterson, J. B.; Hoffmann, A.

    2016-10-01

    We investigate spin transport through metallic antiferromagnets using measurements based on spin pumping combined with inverse spin Hall effects in N i80F e20/FeMn /W trilayers. The relatively large magnitude and opposite sign of spin Hall effects in W compared to FeMn enable an unambiguous detection of spin currents transmitted through the entire FeMn layer thickness. Using this approach we can detect two distinctively different spin transport regimes, which we associate with electronic and magnonic spin currents, respectively. The latter can extend to relatively large distances (≈9 nm) and is enhanced when the antiferromagnetic ordering temperature is close to the measurement temperature.

  14. Identification of a Griffiths singularity in a geometrically frustrated antiferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar, Jitender; Panja, Soumendra Nath; Dengre, Shanu; Nair, Sunil

    2017-02-01

    We report the observation of a Griffiths phase in the geometrically frustrated antiferromagnet DyBaCo 4O 7 +δ . Its onset is identified using measurements of the thermoremanent magnetization, which appears to be superior to conventional in-field measurement protocols for the characterization of the Griffiths phase. Within this phase, the temporal relaxation of magnetization exhibits a functional form which is expected for Heisenberg systems, reflecting the nature of spin interactions in this class of materials. Interestingly, the effective Co 2 + /Co 3 + ratio tailored by varying the oxygen nonstoichiometry δ is only seen to influence the antiferromagnetic ordering temperature (T N ), leaving the Griffiths temperature (T G ) invariant.

  15. Uniaxial pressure dependence of the antiferromagnetic order in UPt3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van Dijk, N. H.; Rodière, P.; Fåk, B.; Huxley, A.; Flouquet, J.; Fernández-Díaz, M. T.; Yakhou, F.

    The weak antiferromagnetic order of the heavy-fermion superconductor UPt3 has been investigated by elastic neutron-scattering measurements under applied uniaxial pressure up to 6 kbar along the a and c axes of the hexagonal crystal structure. For p||c the small antiferromagnetically ordered moment of 0.02μB/U-atom shows a non-linear decrease for increasing pressures and is still not completely suppressed at the maximum applied pressure of 6 kbar. For p||a a significant increase in the magnetic Bragg peak intensity is observed, which suggests an incomplete domain repopulation and confirms the presence of a single-k structure.

  16. Magnetic relaxation in a suspension of antiferromagnetic nanoparticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Raikher, Yu. L.; Stepanov, V. I.

    2008-09-01

    A kinetic model is proposed to describe the low-frequency magnetodynamics of antiferromagnetic nanoparticles suspended in a fluid. Because of their small size, apart from an anisotropic magnetic susceptibility typical of antiferromagnets, these particles also have a constant magnetic moment caused by sublattice decompensation. An orientational crossover takes place in such a nanosuspension (colloid) when magnetized by a constant field: the axes of easy particle magnetization that were initially aligned along the field become oriented perpendicularly. This effect changes significantly the characteristics of the system’s magnetic response: the dynamic susceptibility spectrum and the relaxation time in a pulsed field.

  17. Magnetization damping in noncollinear spin valves with antiferromagnetic interlayer couplings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chiba, Takahiro; Bauer, Gerrit E. W.; Takahashi, Saburo

    2015-08-01

    We study the magnetic damping in the simplest of synthetic antiferromagnets, i.e., antiferromagnetically exchange-coupled spin valves, in the presence of applied magnetic fields that enforce noncolliear magnetic configurations. We formulate the dynamic exchange of spin currents in a noncollinear texture based on the spin-diffusion theory with quantum mechanical boundary conditions at the ferrromagnet/normal-metal interfaces and derive the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equations coupled by the interlayer static and dynamic exchange interactions. We predict noncollinearity-induced additional damping that is modulated by an applied magnetic field. We compare theoretical results with published experiments.

  18. Multicritical point in a diluted bilayer Heisenberg quantum antiferromagnet.

    PubMed

    Sandvik, Anders W

    2002-10-21

    The S=1/2 Heisenberg bilayer antiferromagnet with randomly removed interlayer dimers is studied using quantum Monte Carlo simulations. A zero-temperature multicritical point (p(*),g(*)) at the classical percolation density p=p(*) and interlayer coupling g(*) approximately equal 0.16 is demonstrated. The quantum critical exponents of the percolating cluster are determined using finite-size scaling. It is argued that the associated finite-temperature quantum critical regime extends to zero interlayer coupling and could be relevant for antiferromagnetic cuprates doped with nonmagnetic impurities.

  19. Composite spin crystal phase in antiferromagnetic chiral magnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Osorio, S. A.; Rosales, H. D.; Sturla, M. B.; Cabra, D. C.

    2017-07-01

    We study the classical antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model on the triangular lattice with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions in a magnetic field. We focus in particular on the emergence of a composite spin crystal phase, dubbed an antiferromagnetic skyrmion lattice, that was recently observed for intermediate fields. This complex phase can be made up from three interpenetrated skyrmion lattices, one for each sublattice of the original triangular one. Following these recent numerical results, in this paper we explicitly construct the low-energy effective action that reproduces the correct phenomenology and could serve as a starting point to study the coupling to charge carriers, lattice vibrations, structural disorder, and transport phenomena.

  20. Spin Nernst Effect of Magnons in Collinear Antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cheng, Ran; Okamoto, Satoshi; Xiao, Di

    2016-11-01

    In a collinear antiferromagnet with easy-axis anisotropy, symmetry guarantees that the spin wave modes are doubly degenerate. The two modes carry opposite spin angular momentum and exhibit opposite chirality. Using a honeycomb antiferromagnet in the presence of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction, we show that a longitudinal temperature gradient can drive the two modes to opposite transverse directions, realizing a spin Nernst effect of magnons with vanishing thermal Hall current. We find that magnons around the Γ point and the K point contribute oppositely to the transverse spin transport, and their competition leads to a sign change of the spin Nernst coefficient at finite temperature. Possible material candidates are discussed.

  1. Gauge fields and related forces in antiferromagnetic soliton physics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dasgupta, Sayak; Kim, Se Kwon; Tchernyshyov, Oleg

    2017-06-01

    We derive equations of motion for topological solitons in antiferromagnets under the combined action of perturbations such as an external magnetic field and torque-generating electrical current. Aside from conservative forces, such perturbations generate an effective "magnetic field" exerting a gyrotropic force on the soliton and an induced "electric field" if the perturbation is time-dependent. We apply the general formalism to the cases of a domain wall and of a vortex. An antiferromagnetic vortex can be effectively moved by combined applications of a magnetic field and an electric current.

  2. Structure and magnetism of antiferromagnetic FeMN thin films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maat, Stefan

    2000-09-01

    The magnetic and electronic structure of bulk fcc Fe 50Mn50 was studied by first principles calculations using the layer-version of the Korringa- Kohn-Rostocker method with the local spin density approximation and the coherent potential approximation to treat chemical disorder. The self-consistent calculations suggest a non-collinear spin-structure for Fe50Mn50 as the magnetic ground state, which can be understood from the electronic structure. Possible spin-structures identified are the 3Q structure with spins pointing along the body diagonals and the 2Q structure with spins pointing along the face diagonals. The collinear 1Q structure with spins pointing along the cube edges was found to be energetically unstable. Epitaxial FeMn/Cu multilayers were grown epitaxially by sputtering onto a thick buffer layer of twinned Cu(111) on H-terminated Si(110). The growth was characterized in situ by Auger electron spectroscopy and electron diffraction techniques and ex situ by X-ray diffraction. Neutron diffraction experiments were performed on these multilayers to investigate the spin structure of thin Fe50Mn50 films. The measurements confirmed that Fe50Mn50 has either a 3Q structure or equally populated domains of 2Q or 1Q structures. Hysteresis loops of polycrystalline and epitaxial exchange-biased Ni 80Fe20/Fe50Mn50 films were measured as a function of Fe50Mn50 layer thickness with the longitudinal Kerr effect. The variation of the loop-shift and the coercivity were observed over a full 360° in plane rotation and Fourier analyzed. Coercivities and loop shifts show a strong dependence on the antiferromagnetic layer thickness. Examination of the angular dependent results within different models of exchange bias verified that the Fourier coefficients obey necessary conditions to achieve energetic stability together with spontaneous magnetization.

  3. Field driven ferromagnetic phase evolution originating from the domain boundaries in antiferromagnetically coupled perpendicular anitsotropy films

    SciTech Connect

    Jones, Juanita; Hauet, Thomas; Gunther, Christian; Hovorka, Ondrej; Berger, Andreas; Im, Mi-Young; Fischer, Peter; Hellwig, Olav

    2008-05-01

    Strong perpendicular anisotropy systems consisting of Co/Pt multilayer stacks that are antiferromagnetically coupled via thin Ru or NiO layers have been used as model systems to study the competition between local interlayer exchange and long-range dipolar interactions [1,2]. Magnetic Force Microscopy (MFM) studies of such systems reveal complex magnetic configurations with a mix of antiferromagnetic (AF) and ferromagnetic (FM) phases. However, MFM allows detecting surface stray fields only and can interact strongly with the magnetic structure of the sample, thus altering the original domain configuration of interest [3,4]. In the current study they combine magnetometry and state-of-the-art soft X-ray transmission microscopy (MXTM) to investigate the external field driven FM phase evolution originating from the domain boundaries in such antiferromagnetically coupled perpendicular anisotropy films. MXTM allows directly imaging the perpendicular component of the magnetization in an external field at sub 100 nm spatial resolution without disturbing the magnetic state of the sample [5,6]. Here they compare the domain evolution for two similar [Co(4{angstrom})/Pt(7{angstrom})]x-1/{l_brace}Co(4{angstrom})/Ru(9{angstrom})/[Co(4{angstrom})/Pt(7{angstrom})]x-1{r_brace}16 samples with slightly different Co/Pt stack thickness, i.e. slightly different strength of internal dipolar fields. After demagnetization they obtain AF domains with either sharp AF domain walls for the thinner multilayer stacks or 'tiger-tail' domain walls (one dimensional FM phase) for the thicker stacks. When increasing the external field strength the sharp domain walls in the tinner stack sample transform into the one-dimensional FM phase, which then serves as nucleation site for further FM stripe domains that spread out into all directions to drive the system towards saturation. Energy calculations reveal the subtle difference between the two samples and help to understand the observed transition, when

  4. Magnetic structure of the antiferromagnetic Kondo lattice compounds CeRhAl₄Si₂ and CeIrAl₄Si₂.

    PubMed

    Ghimire, N J; Calder, S; Janoschek, M; Bauer, E D

    2015-06-24

    We have investigated the magnetic ground state of the antiferromagnetic Kondo-lattice compounds CeMAl4Si2(M = Rh, Ir) using neutron powder diffraction. Although both of these compounds show two magnetic transitions T(N1) and T(N2) in the bulk properties measurements, evidence for magnetic long-range order was only found below the lower transition T(N2). Analysis of the diffraction profiles reveals a commensurate antiferromagnetic structure with a propagation vector k = (0, 0, 1/2). The magnetic moment in the ordered state of CeRhAl4Si2 and CeIrAl4Si2 were determined to be 1.14(2) and 1.41(3) μ(B) Ce(-1), respectively, and are parallel to the crystallographic c-axis in agreement with magnetic susceptibility measurements.

  5. Electronic structure reconstruction across the antiferromagnetic transition in TaFe₁̣₂₃Te₃ spin ladder

    SciTech Connect

    Xu, Min; Wang, Li -Min; Peng, Rui; Ge, Qing -Qin; Chen, Fei; Ye, Zi -Rong; Zhang, Yan; Chen, Su -Di; Xia, Miao; Liu, Rong -Hua; Arita, M.; Shimada, K.; Namatame, H.; Taniguchi, M.; Matsunami, M.; Kimura, S.; Shi, Ming; Chen, Xian -Hui; Yin, Wei -Guo; Ku, Wei; Xie, Bin -Ping; Feng, Dong -Lai

    2015-02-01

    With angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we studied the electronic structure of TaFe₁̣₂₃Te₃, a two-leg spin ladder compound with a novel antiferromagnetic ground state. Quasi-two-dimensional Fermi surface is observed, with sizable inter-ladder hopping. Moreover, instead of observing an energy gap at the Fermi surface in the antiferromagnetic state, we observed the shifts of various bands. Combining these observations with density-functional-theory calculations, we propose that the large scale reconstruction of the electronic structure, caused by the interactions between coexisting itinerant electrons and local moments, is most likely the driving force of the magnetic transition. Thus TaFe₁̣₂₃Te₃ serves as a simpler platform that contains similar ingredients as the parent compounds of iron-based superconductors.

  6. Electronic structure reconstruction across the antiferromagnetic transition in TaFe₁̣₂₃Te₃ spin ladder

    DOE PAGES

    Xu, Min; Wang, Li -Min; Peng, Rui; ...

    2015-02-01

    With angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we studied the electronic structure of TaFe₁̣₂₃Te₃, a two-leg spin ladder compound with a novel antiferromagnetic ground state. Quasi-two-dimensional Fermi surface is observed, with sizable inter-ladder hopping. Moreover, instead of observing an energy gap at the Fermi surface in the antiferromagnetic state, we observed the shifts of various bands. Combining these observations with density-functional-theory calculations, we propose that the large scale reconstruction of the electronic structure, caused by the interactions between coexisting itinerant electrons and local moments, is most likely the driving force of the magnetic transition. Thus TaFe₁̣₂₃Te₃ serves as a simpler platform that containsmore » similar ingredients as the parent compounds of iron-based superconductors.« less

  7. Field-induced phase diagram of the XY pyrochlore antiferromagnet Er2Ti2O7

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lhotel, E.; Robert, J.; Ressouche, E.; Damay, F.; Mirebeau, I.; Ollivier, J.; Mutka, H.; Dalmas de Réotier, P.; Yaouanc, A.; Marin, C.; Decorse, C.; Petit, S.

    2017-04-01

    We explore the field-temperature phase diagram of the XY pyrochlore antiferromagnet Er2Ti2O7 by means of magnetization and neutron diffraction experiments. Depending on the field strength and direction relative to the high symmetry cubic directions [001 ],[1 1 ¯0 ] , and [111 ] , the refined field-induced magnetic structures are derived from the zero field ψ2 and ψ3 states of the Γ5 irreducible representation which describes the ground state of XY pyrochlore antiferromagnets. At low field, domain selection effects are systematically at play. In addition, for [001 ] , a phase transition is reported towards a ψ3 structure at a characteristic field Hc001=43 mT. For [1 1 ¯0 ] and [111 ] , the spins are continuously tilted by the field from the ψ2 state, and no phase transition is found while domain selection gives rise to sharp anomalies in the field dependence of the Bragg peaks intensity. For [1 1 ¯0 ] , these results are confirmed by high resolution inelastic neutron scattering experiments, which in addition allow us to determine the field dependence of the spin gap. This study agrees qualitatively with the scenario proposed theoretically by Maryasin et al. [Phys. Rev. B 93, 100406(R) (2016), 10.1103/PhysRevB.93.100406], yet the strength of the field-induced anisotropies is significantly different from theory.

  8. Giant Rashba effect at the topological surface of PrGe revealing antiferromagnetic spintronics.

    PubMed

    Banik, Soma; Das, Pranab Kumar; Bendounan, Azzedine; Vobornik, Ivana; Arya, A; Beaulieu, Nathan; Fujii, Jun; Thamizhavel, A; Sastry, P U; Sinha, A K; Phase, D M; Deb, S K

    2017-06-23

    Rashba spin-orbit splitting in the magnetic materials opens up a new perspective in the field of spintronics. Here, we report a giant Rashba spin-orbit splitting on the PrGe [010] surface in the paramagnetic phase with Rashba coefficient α R  = 5 eVÅ. We find that α R can be tuned in this system as a function of temperature at different magnetic phases. Rashba type spin polarized surface states originates due to the strong hybridization between Pr 4f states with the conduction electrons. Significant changes observed in the spin polarized surface states across the magnetic transitions are due to the competition between Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya interaction and exchange interaction present in this system. Presence of Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya interaction on the topological surface give rise to Saddle point singularity which leads to electron-like and hole-like Rashba spin split bands in the [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] directions, respectively. Supporting evidences of Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya interaction have been obtained as anisotropic magnetoresistance with respect to field direction and first-order type hysteresis in the X-ray diffraction measurements. A giant negative magnetoresistance of 43% in the antiferromagnetic phase and tunable Rashba parameter with temperature makes this material a suitable candidate for application in the antiferromagnetic spintronic devices.

  9. Two-dimensional topological superconducting phases emerged from d-wave superconductors in proximity to antiferromagnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Guo-Yi; Wang, Ziqiang; Zhang, Guang-Ming

    2017-05-01

    Motivated by the recent observations of nodeless superconductivity in the monolayer CuO2 grown on the Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ substrates, we study the two-dimensional superconducting (SC) phases described by the two-dimensional t\\text-J model in proximity to an antiferromagnetic (AF) insulator. We found that i) the nodal d-wave SC state can be driven via a continuous transition into a nodeless d-wave pairing state by the proximity-induced AF field. ii) The energetically favorable pairing states in the strong field regime have extended s-wave symmetry and can be nodal or nodeless. iii) Between the pure d-wave and s-wave paired phases, there emerge two topologically distinct SC phases with (s+\\text{i}d) symmetry, i.e., the weak and strong pairing phases, and the weak pairing phase is found to be a Z 2 topological superconductor protected by valley symmetry, exhibiting robust gapless nonchiral edge modes. These findings strongly suggest that the high-T c superconductors in proximity to antiferromagnets can realize fully gapped symmetry-protected topological SC.

  10. Discovery of a Broad-Spectrum Antiviral Compound That Inhibits Pyrimidine Biosynthesis and Establishes a Type 1 Interferon-Independent Antiviral State.

    PubMed

    Chung, Dong-Hoon; Golden, Jennifer E; Adcock, Robert S; Schroeder, Chad E; Chu, Yong-Kyu; Sotsky, Julie B; Cramer, Daniel E; Chilton, Paula M; Song, Chisu; Anantpadma, Manu; Davey, Robert A; Prodhan, Aminul I; Yin, Xinmin; Zhang, Xiang

    2016-08-01

    Viral emergence and reemergence underscore the importance of developing efficacious, broad-spectrum antivirals. Here, we report the discovery of tetrahydrobenzothiazole-based compound 1, a novel, broad-spectrum antiviral lead that was optimized from a hit compound derived from a cytopathic effect (CPE)-based antiviral screen using Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus. Compound 1 showed antiviral activity against a broad range of RNA viruses, including alphaviruses, flaviviruses, influenza virus, and ebolavirus. Mechanism-of-action studies with metabolomics and molecular approaches revealed that the compound inhibits host pyrimidine synthesis and establishes an antiviral state by inducing a variety of interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs). Notably, the induction of the ISGs by compound 1 was independent of the production of type 1 interferons. The antiviral activity of compound 1 was cell type dependent with a robust effect observed in human cell lines and no observed antiviral effect in mouse cell lines. Herein, we disclose tetrahydrobenzothiazole compound 1 as a novel lead for the development of a broad-spectrum, antiviral therapeutic and as a molecular probe to study the mechanism of the induction of ISGs that are independent of type 1 interferons.

  11. Discovery of a Broad-Spectrum Antiviral Compound That Inhibits Pyrimidine Biosynthesis and Establishes a Type 1 Interferon-Independent Antiviral State

    PubMed Central

    Adcock, Robert S.; Schroeder, Chad E.; Chu, Yong-Kyu; Sotsky, Julie B.; Cramer, Daniel E.; Chilton, Paula M.; Song, Chisu; Anantpadma, Manu; Davey, Robert A.; Prodhan, Aminul I.; Yin, Xinmin; Zhang, Xiang

    2016-01-01

    Viral emergence and reemergence underscore the importance of developing efficacious, broad-spectrum antivirals. Here, we report the discovery of tetrahydrobenzothiazole-based compound 1, a novel, broad-spectrum antiviral lead that was optimized from a hit compound derived from a cytopathic effect (CPE)-based antiviral screen using Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus. Compound 1 showed antiviral activity against a broad range of RNA viruses, including alphaviruses, flaviviruses, influenza virus, and ebolavirus. Mechanism-of-action studies with metabolomics and molecular approaches revealed that the compound inhibits host pyrimidine synthesis and establishes an antiviral state by inducing a variety of interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs). Notably, the induction of the ISGs by compound 1 was independent of the production of type 1 interferons. The antiviral activity of compound 1 was cell type dependent with a robust effect observed in human cell lines and no observed antiviral effect in mouse cell lines. Herein, we disclose tetrahydrobenzothiazole compound 1 as a novel lead for the development of a broad-spectrum, antiviral therapeutic and as a molecular probe to study the mechanism of the induction of ISGs that are independent of type 1 interferons. PMID:27185801

  12. Order by disorder in the antiferromagnetic Ising model on an elastic triangular lattice

    PubMed Central

    Shokef, Yair; Souslov, Anton; Lubensky, T. C.

    2011-01-01

    Geometrically frustrated materials have a ground-state degeneracy that may be lifted by subtle effects, such as higher-order interactions causing small energetic preferences for ordered structures. Alternatively, ordering may result from entropic differences between configurations in an effect termed order by disorder. Motivated by recent experiments in a frustrated colloidal system in which ordering is suspected to result from entropy, we consider in this paper the antiferromagnetic Ising model on a deformable triangular lattice. We calculate the displacements exactly at the microscopic level and, contrary to previous studies, find a partially disordered ground state of randomly zigzagging stripes. Each such configuration is deformed differently and thus has a unique phonon spectrum with distinct entropy, lifting the degeneracy at finite temperature. Nonetheless, due to the free-energy barriers between the ground-state configurations, the system falls into a disordered glassy state. PMID:21730164

  13. Antiferromagnetic order in a semiconductor quantum well with spin-orbit coupling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marinescu, D. C.

    2015-05-01

    An argument is made on the existence of a low-temperature itinerant antiferromagnetic (AF) spin alignment, rather than persistent helical (PH), in the ground state of a two dimensional electron gas in a semiconductor quantum well with linear spin-orbit Rashba-Dresselhaus interaction at equal coupling strengths, α. This result is obtained on account of the opposite-spin single-particle state degeneracy at k = 0 that makes the spin instability possible. A theory of the resulting magnetic phase is formulated within the Hartree-Fock approximation of the Coulomb interaction. In the AF state the direction of the fractional polarization is obtained to be aligned along the displacement vector of the single-particle states.

  14. Collective dynamics in the Heisenberg pyrochlore antiferromagnet Gd2Sn2O7

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stewart, J. R.; Gardner, J. S.; Qiu, Y.; Ehlers, G.

    2008-10-01

    Gd2Sn2O7 is believed to be a good approximation to a Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a pyrochlore lattice with exchange and dipole-dipole interactions. The system is known to enter a long-range ordered ground state (the “Palmer Chalker” state) below Tc=1K with kord=(000) . However, persistent electronic spin fluctuations have been observed as T→0 . Using inelastic neutron scattering, we have studied the buildup of short-range spin-spin correlations as the temperature is lowered, and the eventual formation of a gapped long-range ordered state that is able to sustain spin waves below Tc . As a magnetic field is applied, new magnetic phases develop and the gap widens. These measurements show that Gd2Sn2O7 completely relieves itself of frustration, but the self-selected ground state is very delicate.

  15. Studies of the magnetic structure at the ferromagnet - antiferromagnet interface

    SciTech Connect

    Scholl, A.; Nolting, F.; Stohr, J.; Luning, J.; Seo, J.W.; Locquet, J.-P.; Anders, S.; Ohldag, H.; Padmore, H.A.

    2001-01-02

    Antiferromagnetic layers are a scientifically challenging component in magneto-electronic devices such as magnetic sensors in hard disk heads, or magnetic RAM elements. In this paper we show that photo-electron emission microscopy (PEEM) is capable of determining the magnetic structure at the interface of ferromagnets and antiferromagnets with high spatial resolution (down to 20 nm). Dichroism effects at the L edges of the magnetic 3d transition metals, using circularly or linearly polarized soft x-rays from a synchrotron source, give rise to a magnetic image contrast. Images, acquired with the PEEM2 experiment at the Advanced Light Source, show magnetic contrast for antiferromagnetic LaFeO{sub 3}, microscopically resolving the magnetic domain structure in an antiferromagnetically ordered thin film for the first time. Magnetic coupling between LaFeO{sub 3} and an adjacent Co layer results in a complete correlation of their magnetic domain structures. From field dependent measurements a unidirectional anisotropy resulting in a local exchange bias of up to 30 Oe in single domains could be deduced. The elemental specificity and the quantitative magnetic sensitivity render PEEM a perfect tool to study magnetic coupling effects in multi-layered thin film samples.

  16. ZnFe2O4 antiferromagnetic structure redetermination

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kremenović, Aleksandar; Antić, Bratislav; Vulić, Predrag; Blanuša, Jovan; Tomic, Aleksandra

    2017-03-01

    Magnetic structure of ZnFe2O4 normal spinel is re-examined. Antiferromagnetic structure non-collinear model is established within Ca2 space group having four different crystallographic/magnetic sites for 32 Fe3+ spins within magnetic unit cell.

  17. Symmetry breaking in low-dimensional SU(N) antiferromagnets

    SciTech Connect

    Kolezhuk, Alexei

    2008-10-01

    Consequences of explicit symmetry breaking in a physically motivated model of SU(N) antiferromagnet in spatial dimensions one and two are studied. It is shown that the case N=3, which can be realized in spin-1 cold atom systems, displays special properties distinctly different from those for N{>=}4. Qualitative form of the phase diagram depending on the model parameters is given.

  18. Correlation between antiferromagnetic interface coupling and positive exchange bias

    SciTech Connect

    Nogues, J.; Leighton, C.; Schuller, Ivan K.

    2000-01-01

    The induced moment in antiferromagnetic (AFM)-ferromagnetic (FM) (FeF{sub 2}-Fe and MnF{sub 2}-Fe) bilayers has been studied from the shift along the magnetization axis of the exchange-biased hysteresis loops. The magnetization shift depends strongly on the cooling field and microstructure of the AFM layer. The shift for small cooling fields can be opposite to the cooling field, indicating that, in some cases, the presence of the FM layer induces an antiferromagnetic coupling at the interface. Samples with negative magnetization shifts (antiferromagnetic coupling) exhibit large changes in exchange bias H{sub E} as a function of cooling field and positive exchange bias. Samples with positive magnetization shifts (ferromagnetic coupling) show almost no change in H{sub E} with cooling field and the exchange bias field remains always negative. These results confirm the theoretical assumption that an antiferromagnetic interface coupling is necessary to observe positive exchange bias. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society.

  19. Spiraling spin structure in an exchange-coupled antiferromagnetic layer

    PubMed

    Yang; Chien

    2000-09-18

    Using trilayers of permalloy/FeMn/Co with various thicknesses t(AF) of the antiferromagnetic FeMn, we have observed evidence of a spiraling spin structure within FeMn. For t(AF)<90 A, the turn angle straight theta of the spiral varies as straight theta = (1.76 degrees /A)t(AF).

  20. Holographic model for the paramagnetism/antiferromagnetism phase transition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cai, Rong-Gen; Yang, Run-Qiu

    2015-04-01

    In this paper we build a holographic model of paramagnetism/antiferromagnetism phase transition, which is realized by introducing two real antisymmetric tensor fields coupling to the background gauge field strength and interacting with each other in a dyonic black brane background. In the case without an external magnetic field and in low temperatures, the magnetic moments condense spontaneously in an antiparallel manner with the same magnitude and the time reversal symmetry is also broken spontaneously (if the boundary spatial dimension is more than 2, spatial rotational symmetry is broken spontaneously as well), which leads to an antiferromagnetic phase. In the case with the weak external magnetic field, the magnetic susceptibility density has a peak at the critical temperature and satisfies the Curie-Weiss law in the paramagnetic phase of antiferromagnetism. In the strong external magnetic field case, there is a critical magnetic field Bc in the antiferromagnetic phase: when the magnetic field reaches Bc, the system will return into the paramagnetic phase by a second order phase transition.