Science.gov

Sample records for a300 a300-600 a310

  1. 75 FR 16685 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300-600 and A310 Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-02

    ... confirmed that the defects were the result of de-bonding between the skin and honeycomb core. Such reworks were also performed on some rudders fitted on A310 and A300-600 aeroplanes. An extended de-bonding, if... reworked in production. The investigation confirmed that the defects were the result of de-bonding...

  2. 76 FR 1346 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300, A300-600, A310, A318, A319, A320, A321, A330-300...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-10

    ... category, identified in paragraphs (c)(1), (c)(2), (c)(3), (c)(4), and (c)(5) of this AD. (1) Model A300 B2... those on which Airbus modification 200446 has been embodied in production. (4) Model 340-211, A340-212...-258-AD; Amendment 39-16568; AD 2010-02-05] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300...

  3. 75 FR 8551 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300, A300-600, and A310 Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-25

    ... pressurisation check valves. In some cases, the air conditioning system was contaminated with hydraulic mist. The... reservoir air pressurization check valves. In some cases, the air conditioning system was contaminated with... Airbus type design specifications. This situation, if not corrected, can cause hydraulic system...

  4. 76 FR 4260 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 and A310 Series Airplanes, and Model A300 B4-600, B4...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-25

    ... Service Information Airbus has issued A300-600 Airworthiness Limitation Items (ALI) Document AI/SE-M2/95A.1310/07, Issue 12, dated June 2008; A300 ALI Document AI/SE-M2/95A.1308/07, Issue 4, dated June 2008; and A310 ALI Document, AI/SE-M2/95A.1309/07, Issue 7, dated June 2008. The actions described in...

  5. 75 FR 6849 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310-221, -222, -322, -324, and -325 Airplanes, and Model...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-12

    ... year 2000, life extension exercise programs were launched for Airbus A310 and A300-600 aircraft... products. The MCAI states: During the year 2000, life extension exercise programs were launched for Airbus..., life extension exercise programs were launched for Airbus A310 and A300-600 aircraft. Certification...

  6. 76 FR 28914 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-19

    ... of the rudder system design. Rudder pedal sensitivity on Model A300-600 and A310 series airplanes is greater than that of other transport category airplane designs. Such rudder control sensitivity could...

  7. 76 FR 22302 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310 Series Airplanes; and Model A300 B4-600, A300 B4-600R...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-21

    ... the gimbal. Request for Change of Compliance Time FedEx and UPS requested that we change the interval..., A310-200, or A310-300 airplanes. UPS stated that they do a detailed visual inspection of the THSA every... Include Latest Revision of Service Information UPS requested that we include the latest revision of the...

  8. European parabolic flight campaigns with Airbus ZERO-G: Looking back at the A300 and looking forward to the A310

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pletser, Vladimir; Rouquette, Sebastien; Friedrich, Ulrike; Clervoy, Jean-Francois; Gharib, Thierry; Gai, Frederic; Mora, Christophe

    2015-09-01

    Aircraft parabolic flights repetitively provide up to 23 s of reduced gravity during ballistic flight manoeuvres. Parabolic flights are used to conduct short microgravity investigations in Physical and Life Sciences and in Technology, to test instrumentation prior to space flights and to train astronauts before a space mission. The use of parabolic flights is complementary to other microgravity carriers (drop towers, sounding rockets), and preparatory to manned space missions on board the International Space Station and other manned spacecraft, such as Shenzhou and the Chinese Space Station CSS. The European Space Agency (ESA), the 'Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales' (CNES, French Space Agency) and the 'Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.' (DLR, the German Aerospace Centre) have used the Airbus A300 ZERO-G for research experiments in microgravity, and at Moon and Mars gravity levels, from 1997 until October 2014. The French company Novespace, a subsidiary of CNES, based in Bordeaux, France, is in charge of the organisation of Airbus A300 ZERO-G flights. A total of 104 parabolic flight campaigns have been organised by ESA, CNES and DLR since 1997, including 38 ESA, 34 CNES and 23 DLR microgravity campaigns, two Joint European ESA-CNES-DLR Partial-g Parabolic Flight Campaigns, and seven ESA Student campaigns. After 17 years of good and loyal services, this European workhorse for microgravity research in parabolic flights has been retired. The successor aircraft, the Airbus A310 ZERO-G, is being prepared for a first ESA-CNES-DLR cooperative campaign in Spring 2015. This paper looks back over 17 years of microgravity research in parabolic flights with the A300 ZERO-G, and introduces the new A310 ZERO-G that will be used from 2015 onwards.

  9. 75 FR 7942 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310-203, -221, -222 Airplanes; and Model A300 F4-605R and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-23

    ... INFORMATION CONTACT: Dan Rodina, Aerospace Engineer, International Branch, ANM-116, Transport Airplane... of Additional Change We have specified the issue numbers of each Airbus operations engineering... missing or damaged, the instructions contained in Airbus A310 Operations Engineering Bulletin 160, Issue...

  10. 76 FR 64798 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-103, B4-203, and B4-2C Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-19

    .... Consequently, this AD also requires the repetitive lubrication task. For A300-600 and A300-600ST aeroplanes... applicable replacements required by paragraphs (i) and (j) of this AD are done. Lubrication of the MLG... April 1, 2010. Repeat the cleaning and lubrication thereafter at intervals not to exceed 1,500...

  11. 76 FR 33176 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-103, B4-203, and B4-2C Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-08

    .... Consequently, this AD also requires the repetitive lubrication task. For A300-600 and A300-600ST aeroplanes... replacements required by paragraphs (i) and (j) of this AD are done. Lubrication of the MLG Assembly (l) Within... 1, 2010. Repeat the cleaning and lubrication thereafter at intervals not to exceed 1,500...

  12. 75 FR 8549 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 Series Airplanes, Airbus Model A300 B4-600 Series...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-25

    ... integrity of the crossbeam on NLG FR15A web attachment fitting of rack 107VU. Rack 107VU contains major... fitting. As the A300 and A300-600 aeroplanes share this design feature, they are also affected. The... structural integrity of the crossbeam on NLG FR15A web attachment fitting of rack 107VU. Rack 107VU...

  13. 75 FR 11428 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B2-1C, B2-203, B2K-3C, B4-103, B4-203, B4-2C...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-11

    ... equipped with General Electric engines. Investigation of these findings indicates that this problem is... A300-600 aircraft equipped with General Electric engines. Investigation of these findings indicates... A300-600 aircraft equipped with General Electric engines. Investigation of these findings...

  14. 75 FR 51705 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600 and A300 B4-600R Series Airplanes, Model A300...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-23

    ... Damage (WFD) calculation on A300-600 aeroplanes has shown that a reinforcement of the upper fuselage... reinforcement of the upper fuselage circumferential joint at FR (frame) 58 is necessary to enable the aeroplane... requires the reinforcement of the affected fuselage frame butt joint. You may obtain further information...

  15. 76 FR 441 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-05

    ...-31-00, Page Block 501 of Airbus A300-600 Aircraft Maintenance Manual (AMM) [Maintenance Planning... condition on an aviation product. The MCAI describes the unsafe condition as: During a routine maintenance... correct an unsafe condition for the specified products. The MCAI states: During a routine maintenance...

  16. 15 CFR 8a.310 - Recruitment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Recruitment. 8a.310 Section 8a.310... in Admission and Recruitment Prohibited § 8a.310 Recruitment. (a) Nondiscriminatory recruitment. A... recruitment and admission of students. A recipient may be required to undertake additional recruitment efforts...

  17. 75 FR 51698 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310 Series Airplanes; and Model A300 B4-600, A300 B4-600R...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-23

    ... another country to identify and correct an unsafe condition on an aviation product. The MCAI describes the unsafe condition as: The ball screw nut assemblies of the first 70 Trimmable Horizontal Stabilizer... work to demonstrate the robustness of the upper attachment fitted with a gimbal of 58 mm...

  18. 76 FR 27875 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 and A310 Series Airplanes, and Model A300 B4-600, B4...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-13

    ... existing airworthiness directives (ADs) that apply to the products listed above. This AD results from... mandatory actions for continued airworthiness. EASA issued ADs 2006-0071, 2006-0260, and 2006-0374 [which correspond to FAA ADs 2007-04-11, 2007-25-02, and 2007-20-03] to require compliance with the maintenance...

  19. The First European Parabolic Flight Campaign with the Airbus A310 ZERO-G

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pletser, Vladimir; Rouquette, Sebastien; Friedrich, Ulrike; Clervoy, Jean-Francois; Gharib, Thierry; Gai, Frederic; Mora, Christophe

    2016-12-01

    Aircraft parabolic flights repetitively provide up to 23 seconds of reduced gravity during ballistic flight manoeuvres. Parabolic flights are used to conduct short microgravity investigations in Physical and Life Sciences and in Technology, to test instrumentation prior to space flights and to train astronauts before a space mission. The use of parabolic flights is complementary to other microgravity carriers (drop towers, sounding rockets), and preparatory to manned space missions on board the International Space Station and other manned spacecraft, such as Shenzhou and the future Chinese Space Station. After 17 years of using the Airbus A300 ZERO-G, the French company Novespace, a subsidiary of the ' Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales' (CNES, French Space Agency), based in Bordeaux, France, purchased a new aircraft, an Airbus A310, to perform parabolic flights for microgravity research in Europe. Since April 2015, the European Space Agency (ESA), CNES and the ` Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.' (DLR, the German Aerospace Center) use this new aircraft, the Airbus A310 ZERO-G, for research experiments in microgravity. The first campaign was a Cooperative campaign shared by the three agencies, followed by respectively a CNES, an ESA and a DLR campaign. This paper presents the new Airbus A310 ZERO-G and its main characteristics and interfaces for scientific experiments. The experiments conducted during the first European campaign are presented.

  20. 76 FR 36387 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 Series Airplanes; Model A310 Series Airplanes; and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-22

    ... the old designed accumulators installed on certain hydraulic systems, the replacement of those... to avoid installation of old designed accumulators on the affected hydraulic systems. You may obtain... for explosive failure of the * * * hydraulic accumulator. This condition, if not detected...

  1. 77 FR 62182 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-12

    ... Directives; Airbus Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed... B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R series airplanes, and Model A300 C4-605R Variant F airplanes (collectively called Model A300- 600 series airplanes); and Airbus Model A310 series airplanes. This proposed...

  2. 78 FR 9581 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-11

    ...-052-AD; Amendment 39-17346; AD 2013-03-11] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes..., and F4-600R series airplanes, and Model A300 C4-605R Variant F airplanes (collectively called A300-600 series airplanes); and Model A310 series airplanes. This AD was prompted by reports of cracking...

  3. 77 FR 59149 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-26

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes..., and F4-600R series airplanes, and Model A300 C4-605R Variant F airplanes (collectively called A300-600 series airplanes); and Model A310 series airplanes. This proposed AD was prompted by reports of...

  4. 76 FR 5507 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-601, B4-603, B4-605R, C4-605R Variant F, and F4...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-01

    ... docket. Relevant Service Information Airbus has issued All Operators Telexes A300-71A6029, including... mounting yoke, in accordance with Airbus All Operators Telex A300-71A6029 or A310-71A2036, both dated March... determine if it is ruptured, in accordance with Airbus All Operators Telex A300-71A6029 or...

  5. 76 FR 46 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310-203, -204, -222, -304, -322, and -324 Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-03

    ...-203, -204, -222, - 304, -322, and -324 Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT... applies to Model A310-203, -204, -222, -304, -322, and -324 airplanes, certificated in any category, all... (whichever occurs later) Model A310-203, A310-204, and A310- 1 and 2 Prior to the Within 1,500 flight...

  6. 77 FR 16430 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-21

    .... SUMMARY: We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R series airplanes, and Model C4-605R Variant F airplanes (collectively called A300-600 series airplanes), and Model A310 series airplanes. This AD was prompted by a report of a crack in the...

  7. 76 FR 79558 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-22

    ...: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R series airplanes, and Model C4-605R Variant F airplanes (collectively called A300-600 series airplanes), and Model A310 series airplanes. This proposed AD was prompted by a report of a crack in...

  8. 76 FR 69168 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-08

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes..., and B4-203 airplanes; Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R series airplanes, and Model C4-605R Variant F airplanes (collectively called A300-600 series airplanes); and Model A310 series airplanes....

  9. 75 FR 6852 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310 Series Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-12

    .... The MCAI describes the unsafe condition as: Following scheduled maintenance, an A310 operator reported...., Washington, DC. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dan Rodina, Aerospace Engineer, International Branch, ANM... maintenance, an A310 operator reported finding cracks around the wing top skin panels fastener holes at Rib...

  10. 75 FR 39863 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310 Series Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-13

    ... Directives; Airbus Model A310 Series Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION... AD applies to all Airbus Model A310-203, -204, -221, - 222, -304, -322, -324, and -325 airplanes.... Table 3--Initial Inspection Internal Angle Model and configuration Compliance time (whichever occurs...

  11. 76 FR 15805 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310 Series Airplanes, and Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-22

    ...., Washington, DC. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dan Rodina, Aerospace Engineer, International Branch, ANM... the economic burden on any operator or increase the scope of the AD. Differences Between This AD and... those in the MCAI to ensure the AD is clear for U.S. operators and is enforceable. In making...

  12. 76 FR 15870 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310 Series Airplanes, and Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-22

    ... and uncontrolled fire (in case of fire ignited upstream the High Pressure Valve (HPV)). * * * * * The... fire (in case of fire ignited upstream the High Pressure Valve (HPV)). For the reasons explained above... Pressure Valve (HPV)). * * * * * Compliance (f) You are responsible for having the actions required by...

  13. 75 FR 74665 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310 Airplanes, and Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-01

    ... specifically invite comments on the overall regulatory, economic, environmental, and energy aspects of this... solution has been developed that terminates the de-activation requirement and invalidates the intermediate...

  14. 76 FR 39248 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-06

    ..., Revision 02, dated June 10, 2010 (for Model A310 series airplanes). (1) If missing pipes, distortions, or...-044-AD; Amendment 39-16736; AD 2011-14-01] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and Model C4-605R Variant F Airplanes...

  15. 76 FR 6549 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600 and A300 B4-600R Series Airplanes, Model A300...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-07

    ... 2010-NM-054-AD; Amendment 39-16595; AD 2011-03-11] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600 and A300 B4- 600R Series Airplanes, Model A300 F4-605R Airplanes, and Model A300 C4- 605R...-116, Transport Airplane Directorate, FAA, 1601 Lind Avenue, SW., Renton, Washington 98057-3356...

  16. A 300-MHz digitally compensated SAW oscillator.

    PubMed

    Cowan, W D; Slobodnik, A R; Roberts, G A; Silva, J H

    1988-01-01

    A method for compensating for the inherent temperature sensitivity of surface-acoustic-wave (SAW) oscillators is described. Results for a 300-MHz digitally compensated SAW oscillator (DCSO) show a reduction of temperature-induced frequency variation from +/-125 parts per million to +/-1.4 parts per million over the temperature range of -23 to 75 degrees C. This is accomplished using simple digital circuitry and microprocessor control. The temperature-sensing scheme, using a SAW structure with two delay paths of different temperature sensitivity on the same AT-cut quartz substrate, virtually eliminates thermal resistance and time-constant problems. Advantages over ovenized systems include fast warmup; reduced size, weight, and power dissipation; low cost potential; and the ability to compensate for other sources of frequency drift.

  17. 75 FR 78881 - Airworthiness Directives; Pratt & Whitney PW4000 Series Turbofan Engines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-17

    ... installed on airplanes of U.S. registry. We also estimate that it will take about one work-hour per engine... airplanes, and Airbus A300-600, A310-300, A330-300, and A330-200 airplanes. PW4000-94'' Engines (1) PW4000... PW4000 Series Turbofan Engines AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule...

  18. On-board computer progress in development of A 310 flight testing program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reau, P.

    1981-01-01

    Onboard computer progress in development of an Airbus A 310 flight testing program is described. Minicomputers were installed onboard three A 310 airplanes in 1979 in order to: (1) assure the flight safety by exercising a limit check of a given set of parameters; (2) improve the efficiency of flight tests and allow cost reduction; and (3) perform test analysis on an external basis by utilizing onboard flight types. The following program considerations are discussed: (1) conclusions based on simulation of an onboard computer system; (2) brief descriptions of A 310 airborne computer equipment, specifically the onboard universal calculator (CUB) consisting of a ROLM 1666 system and visualization system using an AFIGRAF CRT; (3) the ground system and flight information inputs; and (4) specifications and execution priorities for temporary and permanent programs.

  19. 76 FR 50 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310 Series Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310 Series Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of...

  20. 76 FR 39035 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310 Series Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310 Series Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of...

  1. 76 FR 42 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310 Series Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-03

    ... Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3. Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or...) of this AD; or modification of the reinforcement angle runout in accordance with Airbus Service... reinforcement angle runout in accordance with Airbus Service Bulletin A310-53-2019, Revision 3, dated...

  2. 76 FR 27232 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310 Series Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-11

    ..., 1979); and 3. Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial...) of this AD; or modification of the reinforcement angle runout in accordance with Airbus Service... reinforcement angle runout in accordance with Airbus Service Bulletin A310-53-2019, Revision 3, dated...

  3. 75 FR 23572 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B2-1C, B2-203, B2K-3C, B4-103, B4-203, B4-2C...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-04

    ... B2-1C, B2-203, B2K- 3C, B4-103, B4-203, B4-2C Airplanes; Model A310 Series Airplanes; and Model A300... Federal Register on March 11, 2010. The error resulted in an imprecise compliance time in a table. This AD... series airplanes; and Model A300 B4-601, B4-603, B4-605R, B4-620, B4-622, and B4-622R airplanes. This AD...

  4. Modern cockpit complexity challenges pilot interfaces.

    PubMed

    Dornheim, M A

    1995-01-30

    Advances in the use of automated cockpits are examined. Crashes at Nagoya and Toulouse in 1994 and incidents at Manchester, England, and Paris Orly are used as examples of cockpit automation versus manual operation of aircraft. Human factors researchers conclude that flight management systems (FMS) should have fewer modes and less authority. Reducing complexity and authority override systems of FMS can provide pilots with greater flexibility during crises. Aircraft discussed include Boeing 737-300 and 757-200, Airbus A300-600 and A310, McDonnell Douglas MD-11, and Tarom A310-300.

  5. Efforts to Develop a 300°C Solder

    SciTech Connect

    Norann, Randy A

    2015-01-25

    This paper covers the efforts made to find a 300°C electrical solder solution for geothermal well monitoring and logging tools by Perma Works LLC. This paper covers: why a high temperature solder is needed, what makes for a good solder, testing flux, testing conductive epoxy and testing intermetallic bonds. Future areas of research are suggested.

  6. Using a Corpus in a 300-Level Spanish Grammar Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benavides, Carlos

    2015-01-01

    The present study examined the use and effectiveness of a large corpus--the Corpus del Español (Davies, 2002)--in a 300-level Spanish grammar university course. Students conducted hands-on corpus searches with the goal of finding concordances containing particular types of collocations (combinations of words that tend to co-occur) and tokens (any…

  7. Developing a 300C Analog Tool for EGS

    SciTech Connect

    Normann, Randy

    2015-03-23

    This paper covers the development of a 300°C geothermal well monitoring tool for supporting future EGS (enhanced geothermal systems) power production. This is the first of 3 tools planed. This is an analog tool designed for monitoring well pressure and temperature. There is discussion on 3 different circuit topologies and the development of the supporting surface electronics and software. There is information on testing electronic circuits and component. One of the major components is the cable used to connect the analog tool to the surface.

  8. Characterization of a 300-GHz Transmission System for Digital Communications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hudlička, Martin; Salhi, Mohammed; Kleine-Ostmann, Thomas; Schrader, Thorsten

    2017-08-01

    The paper presents the characterization of a 300-GHz transmission system for modern digital communications. The quality of the modulated signal at the output of the system (error vector magnitude, EVM) is measured using a vector signal analyzer. A method using a digital real-time oscilloscope and consecutive mathematical processing in a computer is shown for analysis of signals with bandwidths exceeding that of state-of-the-art vector signal analyzers. The uncertainty of EVM measured using the real-time oscilloscope is open to analysis. Behaviour of the 300-GHz transmission system is studied with respect to various modulation schemes and different signal symbol rates.

  9. Performance of a 300-horsepower Hispano-Suiza airplane engine

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sparrow, S W; White, H S

    1921-01-01

    The National Bureau of Standards tested a 300-horsepower Hispano-Suiza engine to determine the characteristic performance of the engine at various altitudes. The engine was operated at the ground, at 25,000 feet, and at intermediate altitudes, both at full loads similar to those that would be imposed upon the engine at various speeds by a propeller whose normal full-load speed was 1,800 r.p.m. Friction horsepower also was determined in order that the mechanical efficiency of the engine might be calculated. From the test data there were computed the brake horsepower, brake mean effective pressure, specific fuel consumption, mixture ratio, jacket loss, exhaust loss, and thermal, mechanical, and volumetric efficiencies. A record of jacket water temperatures, oil temperatures, manifold pressures, etc., shows the conditions under which the test was made.

  10. CFD simulation of a 300 Hz thermoacoustic standing wave engine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Guoyao; Dai, W.; Luo, Ercang

    2010-09-01

    High frequency operation of standing wave thermoacoustic heat engines is attractive for space applications due to compact size and high reliability. To expedite practical use, further improvement and optimization should be based on deep understanding and quantitative analysis. This article focuses on using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to investigate nonlinear phenomena and processes of a 300 Hz standing wave thermoacoustic engine (SWTE). The calculated model was tested in detail, which indicated that the co-axially stacked tube model was suitable for the simulation of SWTEs. Two methods of imposing temperature gradient across the stack were studied, and the processes of mean pressure increasing, pressure wave amplification and saturation were obtained under the thermal boundary condition of applying heating power. The acoustic fields were given, and the flow vortices and their evolution in both ends of the stack and resonator were observed. Moreover, a comparison between the simulation and experiments was made, which demonstrated the validity and power of the CFD simulation for characterizing complicated nonlinear phenomenon involved in the self-excited SWTEs.

  11. 75 FR 75870 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 Series Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-07

    ...-076-AD; Amendment 39-16536; AD 2010-25-03] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300... AD applies to Airbus Model A300 B2-1A, B2-1C, B4-2C, B2K-3C, B4-103, B2-203, and B4-203 airplanes...

  12. Hydrogen sorption in titanium alloys with a symmetric {Sigma}5(310) tilt grain boundary and a (310) surface

    SciTech Connect

    Kulkova, S. E.; Bakulin, A. V.; Kulkov, S. S.; Hocker, S.; Schmauder, S.

    2012-09-15

    The hydrogen sorption in intermetallic B2 TiM (M = Ni, Co, Pd) with a symmetric {Sigma}5(310) tilt grain boundary and a (310) surface is studied by density functional theory methods. The effect of hydrogen on the electronic characteristics of the alloys is analyzed as a function of a sorption position at the interfaces. The hydrogen sorption energy is shown to depend on the local environment of hydrogen; on the whole, hydrogen at the interfaces prefers titanium-rich positions. The hydrogen sorption energy in metal-rich positions decreases when the d shell of the second alloy component is filled with electrons. The grain-boundary energy, the surface energy, and the hydrogen segregation energies to the interfaces are calculated. Hydrogen sorption in titanium alloys is shown to decrease Griffith work and to favor brittle fracture along tilt grain boundaries.

  13. 77 FR 66772 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-07

    ... A300-600 Airworthiness Limitations Section (ALS) Part 2. Airbus have recently revised the A300-600 and..., 2007)), revise the Airworthiness Limitations Section (ALS) of the Instructions for Continued... April 2006. (n) Retained Revision of the ALS of the ICA This paragraph restates the requirements...

  14. [Organizational problems of disaster victim identification in mass casualties as exemplified by Tu 154-M and Airbus A310 passenger plane crashes].

    PubMed

    Volkov, A V; Kolkutin, V V; Klevno, V A; Shkol'nikov, B V; Kornienko, I V

    2008-01-01

    Managerial experience is described that was gained during the large-scale work on victim identification following mass casualties in the Tu 154-M and Airbus A310 passenger plane crashes. The authors emphasize the necessity to set up a specialized agency of constant readiness meeting modern requirements for the implementation of a system of measures for personality identification. This agency must incorporate relevant departments of the Ministries of Health, Defense, and Emergency Situations as well as investigative authorities and other organizations.

  15. Design of a 300 GHz Band TWT with a Folded Waveguide Fabricated by Microelectromechanical Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsutaki, Kunio; Neo, Yoichiro; Mimura, Hidenori; Masuda, Norio; Yoshida, Mitsuru

    2016-12-01

    For future broadband wireless links, we have designed a 300 GHz band traveling wave tube (TWT) with a folded waveguide fabricated by microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). The TWT operates at a beam voltage of 12 kV and a beam current of 8.3 mA. The classical large signal simulation code predicts the output power greater than 1 W and gain larger than 20 dB over the bandwidth from 280 to 300 GHz.

  16. Ceramic composite protection for turbine disc bursts. [for the A-300 aircraft

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gardner, P. B.

    1977-01-01

    Ceramic composite turbine disc protection panels for the A300B were developed using armor technology. Analytical predictions for modifying the ballistic projectile armor system were verified by a test program conducted to qualify the rotor containment system. With only a slight change in the areal density of the armor system a more than two-fold increase in kinetic energy protection level was achieved. Thickness of the fiberglass reinforced plastic backing material was increased to achieve an optimum ratio of ceramic thickness to backing thickness for the different ballistic defeat condition.

  17. Study of Gas Solid Flow Characteristics in Cyclone Inlet Ducts of A300Mwe CFB Boiler

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tang, J. Y.; Lu, X. F.; Lai, J.; Liu, H. Z.

    Gas solid flow characteristics in cyclone's inlet duct of a 300MW CFB boiler were studied in a cold circulating fluidized bed (CFB) experimental setup according to a 410t/h CFB boiler with a scale of 10∶1. Tracer particles were adopted in the experiment and their motion trajectories in the two kinds of cyclone's inlet ducts were photographed by a high-speed camera. By analyzing the motion trajectories of tracer particles, acceleration performance of particle phases in the two inlet ducts was obtained. Results indicate that the acceleration performance of particles in the long inlet duct is better than that in the short inlet duct, but the pressure drop of the long inlet duct is higher. Meanwhile, under the same operating conditions, both the separation efficiency and the pressure drop of the cyclone are higher when the cyclone is connected with the long inlet duct. Figs 11, Tabs 4 and refs 10.

  18. A 300 yr ice-core black carbon record from Queen Maud Land, East Antarctic

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bisiaux, M. M.; Edwards, R.; McConnell, J. R.; Anschuetz, H.

    2009-12-01

    Black carbon aerosols (BC), from Southern Hemisphere biomass burning and fossil fuel combustion are deposited to the Antarctic ice cap recording a history of BC over the remote Southern Hemisphere. Here we present a 300 yr ice-core BC record from Queen Maud Land, East Antarctica spanning calendar years 1706 to 1997. The 30.3 m core was drilled in 2007 at site NUS07-1 (73.724 S, 7.940 E, 3188 m) as part of the Norwegian-US Scientific Traverse of East Antarctica. BC particles < 500 nm in diameter were determined using a continuous ice-core melter system coupled to a liquid to aerosol, single particle soot photometer. The mean ice-core BC concentration was 0.170 ng g-1 (n = 292) with a standard deviation of 0.083 ng g-1. The record displays decadal and annual variability with a significant (AR-1, 95%) ~50 yr periodicity and ENSO like periodicities from 3 to 8 yr. Reconstruction of the time series using the 50 yr periodicity reveals similarities with Southern Hemisphere air temperature. Strong El-Nino periods were generally associated with a reduction in BC concentration suggesting changes in atmospheric circulation or reduced emissions from tropical dry season fires.

  19. Automatic position control of a 300,000-ton ship ocean mining systems

    SciTech Connect

    Brink, A.W.; Chung, J.S.

    1982-12-01

    Extensive computer simulation and performance analysis and assessment have been carried out for the dynamic positioning control of a large, commercial ocean mining ship/pipe system, and selective results are presented. It is tentatively concluded that automatic position control, with a manual override option, of a 300,000-ton ship with 18 thrusters of 4500 hp and an 18,000 ft long lift pipe system would be feasible for commercial operations of a preliminary mining system in the Pacific Ocean. The preliminary system employs a self-propelled miner. For the feasibility study, we have performed the following; the thruster power estimate, a subsequent selection of an azimuthing ship thruster system configuration, steady-state and dynamic motion of the ship-pipe system, track-keeping, turning and station-keeping control, design of an automatic control system, and nonlinear control simulation during mining operations and selective contingency situations. For the development of commercial systems, the small-size, test-mining system does not provide all the design data. It is much larger, and subsequently, requires development of more sophisticated technology and engineering capabilities. The present method of analysis and simulation can be applied to many other mining system analyses, and to the position keeping control of deepsea drilling systems, and deepsea pipelaying.

  20. Development of a 300 Amp-hr high rate lithium thionyl chloride cell

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Boyle, Gerard H.

    1991-01-01

    The development of a high-rate lithium thionyl chloride cylindrical cell with parallel plate electrodes is discussed. The development was divided into three phases: phase 1, a 150 Amp/hour low rate (1 mA/sq cm) design; phase 2, a 25 Amp/hour high rate (5 mA/sq cm) design; and phase 3, a 300 Amp/hour high rate (5 mA/sq cm) design. The basic design is the same for all three cells. The electrodes are perpendicular to the axis of the cylinder. Multiple electrodes are bussed up the side of the cylinder, 180 deg apart allowing excellent anode and cathode utilization. It is a lithium limited design with excess electrolyte. The cathode is Shawinigan or Gulf Acetylene black with no catalyst. The electrolyte is 1.8 Molar lithium tetrachloroaluminate (LiAlCl4) in thionyl chloride. All cell cases are 304L Stainless Steel with a BS&B burst disc.

  1. Measurement of new particle formation at several altitudes on a 300 m meteorological observation tower

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, M.; Yum, S. S.; Kim, N.

    2014-12-01

    Since new particle formation (NPF) affects aerosol number size distribution and subsequently the newly formed particles can grow enough to act as cloud condensation nuclei, understanding NPF mechanism is crucially important as a step towards a better understanding of aerosol life cycle and its effects on cloud microphysical and radiative properties. However, not clearly understood are at what altitudes NPF actually occurs, what the spatial scale of NPF is, and what are the good meteorological conditions that lead to NPF. In this study, we analyze the data that will be obtained from a 300 m meteorological observation tower to have a better understanding of where NPF occurs and the meteorological conditions that lead to NPF. The tower is installed at the National Center for Intensive Observation of severe weather (NCIO) at a southern coastal rural town of Boseong, Korea (34.76N, 127.16E) and is equipped with measurement platforms at 11 altitudes. Aerosol number concentration and size distribution will be measured at 300 m and 10 m altitudes. A complementary aerosol number concentration measurement will also be made at an intermediate altitude. The basic meteorological variables (e.g., air temperature, relative humidity, wind direction and speed) measured at each of the 11 measurement platform altitudes of the tower will be jointly collected. Comprehensive analysis of these continuous and vertically aligned measurement data will give us an opportunity to look at the details of NPF mechanism.

  2. East African Soil Erosion Recorded in a 300 Year old Coral Colony From Kenya

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dunbar, R. B.; Fleitmann, D.; McCulloch, M.; Mudelsee, M.; Vuille, M.; McClanahan, T.; Cole, J.; Eggins, S.

    2006-12-01

    Soil erosion threatens the food security of 2.6 billion people worldwide. The situation is particularly dire in East and Sub-Saharan Africa where per capita food production has declined over the past 45 years. Erosion and the resultant loss of fertile soil is a key socio-economic and ecological problem in Kenya, affecting all sectors of its economy and damaging marine and terrestrial ecosystems. The temporal pattern of soil erosion is almost unknown and currently only sparse and rather anecdotal information exists. To aid in filling this gap of knowledge, we present a 300-year long Barium record from two Kenyan coral colonies (Porites sp., 3°15'S, 40°9' E; Malindi Marine National Park) that documents a dynamic history of soil erosion in the Sabaki river drainage basin. To reconstruct Sabaki River sediment flux to the Malindi coral reef Ba/Ca ratios were measured in the skeleton of two Porites colonies (Mal 96-1 and Mal 95-3). Well-developed annual bands allow us to develop annually precise chronologies. Ba/Ca ratios were measured in core Mal 96-1 at continuous 40 μm intervals (~400 to 500 samples yr-1) using laser-ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA- ICP-MS). To test for reproducibility and accuracy of the Mal 96-1 Ba/Ca profile, coral core Mal 95-3 was analyzed at lower resolution (1 to 12 samples yr-1) using discrete micro-drill sampling and isotope dilution ICP-MS. The close similarity between both coral Ba/Ca profiles, in absolute values as well as general pattern, underscores the accuracy of the LA-ICP-MS technique and adds confidence to our interpretation of the 300 year long Mal 96-1 Ba/Ca profile. The Ba/Ca coral proxy record shows that while the sediment flux from the Sabaki River is nearly constant between 1700 and 1900, a continuous rise in sediment flux is observed since 1900, reflecting steadily increasing demographic pressure on land use. The peak in suspended sediment load and hence soil erosion recorded at the Malindi reef

  3. Management of traveller's diarrhoea with a combination of sodium butyrate, organic acids, and A-300 silicon dioxide.

    PubMed

    Krokowicz, Lukasz; Mackiewicz, Jacek; Wejman-Matela, Anna; Krokowicz, Piotr; Drews, Michal; Banasiewicz, Tomasz

    2014-01-01

    Traveller's diarrhoea (TD), defined by UNICEF/WHO as three or more unformed stools with or without other symptoms, imposes a considerable burden on travellers from developed countries. Various efforts have focused on decreasing the prevalence and severity of this condition. To assess the efficacy of a combination of sodium butyrate, organic acids, and A-300 silicon dioxide in treatment providing symptomatic relief of TD. The study was conducted in accordance with a protocol presented to the Bioethical committee of Poznan University of Medical Sciences. A total of 278 patients travelling to countries with higher risk of diarrhoea for at least 10 days were divided into a study arm being administered, in case of TD, a combination of sodium butyrate, organic acids, and A-300 silicon dioxide (n = 139) and a placebo arm (n = 139) with placebo administration. Forty-seven patients completed the study (22 in the study arm and 25 in the placebo arm). The diarrhoea occurrence after initiation of treatment at first symptoms was significantly lower in the study arm as compared to the placebo arm (9% vs. 36%, p = 0.041). Also, subjects from the study arm more frequently reported that the regimen administered had been efficient for their symptoms in comparison to the placebo arm (72.7% vs. 32%, p = 0.008). No adverse effects of the administered medication were noted during the study. Sodium butyrate, organic acids, and A-300 silicon dioxide can be successful in decreasing symptoms of TD. Because of its efficacy and lack of observed side effects it has a strong potential in the treatment of patients with TD.

  4. Management of traveller's diarrhoea with a combination of sodium butyrate, organic acids, and A-300 silicon dioxide

    PubMed Central

    Mackiewicz, Jacek; Wejman-Matela, Anna; Krokowicz, Piotr; Drews, Michal; Banasiewicz, Tomasz

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Traveller's diarrhoea (TD), defined by UNICEF/WHO as three or more unformed stools with or without other symptoms, imposes a considerable burden on travellers from developed countries. Various efforts have focused on decreasing the prevalence and severity of this condition. Aim To assess the efficacy of a combination of sodium butyrate, organic acids, and A-300 silicon dioxide in treatment providing symptomatic relief of TD. Material and methods The study was conducted in accordance with a protocol presented to the Bioethical committee of Poznan University of Medical Sciences. A total of 278 patients travelling to countries with higher risk of diarrhoea for at least 10 days were divided into a study arm being administered, in case of TD, a combination of sodium butyrate, organic acids, and A-300 silicon dioxide (n = 139) and a placebo arm (n = 139) with placebo administration. Results Forty-seven patients completed the study (22 in the study arm and 25 in the placebo arm). The diarrhoea occurrence after initiation of treatment at first symptoms was significantly lower in the study arm as compared to the placebo arm (9% vs. 36%, p = 0.041). Also, subjects from the study arm more frequently reported that the regimen administered had been efficient for their symptoms in comparison to the placebo arm (72.7% vs. 32%, p = 0.008). No adverse effects of the administered medication were noted during the study. Conclusions Sodium butyrate, organic acids, and A-300 silicon dioxide can be successful in decreasing symptoms of TD. Because of its efficacy and lack of observed side effects it has a strong potential in the treatment of patients with TD. PMID:25396003

  5. Feasible experimental study on the utilization of a 300 MW CFB boiler desulfurizating bottom ash for construction applications

    SciTech Connect

    Lu, X.F.; Amano, R.S.

    2006-12-15

    CFB boiler ash cannot be used as a cement replacement in concrete due to its unacceptably high sulfur content. The disposal in landfills has been the most common means of handling ash in circulating fluidized bed boiler power plants. However for a 300 MW CFB boiler power plant, there will be 600,000 tons of ash discharged per year and will result in great volumes and disposal cost of ash byproduct. It was very necessary to solve the utilization of CFB ash and to decrease the disposal cost of CFB ash. The feasible experimental study results on the utilization of the bottom ashes of a 300 MW CFB boiler in Baima power plant in China were reported in this paper. The bottom ashes used for test came from the discharged bottom ashes in a 100 MW CFB boiler in which the anthracite and limestone designed for the 300 MW CFB project was burned. The results of this study showed that the bottom ash could be used for cementitious material, road concrete, and road base material. The masonry cements, road concrete with 30 MPa compressive strength and 4.0 MPa flexural strength, and the road base material used for base courses of the expressway, the main road and the minor lane were all prepared with milled CFB bottom ashes in the lab. The better methods of utilization of the bottom ashes were discussed in this paper.

  6. The response of a 300 micron silicon detector to monoenergetic neutrons determined by the use of the Monte Carlo technique

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tahezadeh, M.; Anno, G.

    1972-01-01

    The response of a 300 micron thick silicon detector to an incident monoenergetic neutron beam is evaluated by the Monte Carlo method for the cases of both a shielded and a bare detector. The result of Monte Carlo calculation, using elastic, inelastic, and absorption reactions indicates that the response of the silicon detector to neutrons is basically due to the elastic scattering. In addition, the gamma rays generated in the shield of the detector will result in a response which is 3 or 4 orders of magnitude smaller than response to incident photons. The response of a bare silicon detector is calculated for neutron energies up to 6 MeV and bias energies from 50 to 250 KeV. It is found that the maximum response for a 300 micron thick silicon detector is less than .004 c/n within this selected neutron and bias energy range. When the pulse height defect is introduced in the calculation the results at low energy neutrons were reduced.

  7. Least Square Fast Learning Network for modeling the combustion efficiency of a 300WM coal-fired boiler.

    PubMed

    Li, Guoqiang; Niu, Peifeng; Wang, Huaibao; Liu, Yongchao

    2014-03-01

    This paper presents a novel artificial neural network with a very fast learning speed, all of whose weights and biases are determined by the twice Least Square method, so it is called Least Square Fast Learning Network (LSFLN). In addition, there is another difference from conventional neural networks, which is that the output neurons of LSFLN not only receive the information from the hidden layer neurons, but also receive the external information itself directly from the input neurons. In order to test the validity of LSFLN, it is applied to 6 classical regression applications, and also employed to build the functional relation between the combustion efficiency and operating parameters of a 300WM coal-fired boiler. Experimental results show that, compared with other methods, LSFLN with very less hidden neurons could achieve much better regression precision and generalization ability at a much faster learning speed. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Beam property measurement of a 300-kV ion source test stand for a 1-MV electrostatic accelerator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, Sae-Hoon; Kim, Dae-Il; Kim, Yu-Seok

    2016-09-01

    The KOMAC (Korea Multi-purpose Accelerator Complex) has been developing a 300-kV ion source test stand for a 1-MV electrostatic accelerator for industrial purposes. A RF ion source was operated at 200 MHz with its matching circuit. The beam profile and emittance were measured behind an accelerating column to confirm the beam property from the RF ion source. The beam profile was measured at the end of the accelerating tube and at the beam dump by using a beam profile monitor (BPM) and wire scanner. An Allison-type emittance scanner was installed behind the beam profile monitor (BPM) to measure the beam density in phase space. The measurement results for the beam profile and emittance are presented in this paper.

  9. Performance of a 14-T CuNb/Nb3Sn Rutherford coil with a 300 mm wide cold bore

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oguro, Hidetoshi; Watanabe, Kazuo; Awaji, Satoshi; Hanai, Satoshi; Ioka, Shigeru; Sugimoto, Masahiro; Tsubouchi, Hirokazu

    2016-08-01

    A large-bore 14-T CuNb/Nb3Sn Rutherford coil was developed for a 25 T cryogen-free superconducting magnet. The magnet consisted of a low-temperature superconducting (LTS) magnet of NbTi and Nb3Sn Rutherford coils, and a high-temperature superconducting magnet. The Nb3Sn Rutherford coil was fabricated by the react-and-wind method for the first time. The LTS magnet reached the designed operation current of 854 A without a training quench at a 1 h ramp rate. The central magnetic field generated by the LTS magnet was measured by a Hall sensor to be 14.0 T at 854 A in a 300 mm cold bore.

  10. CFD investigation on the flow and combustion in a 300 MWe tangentially fired pulverized-coal furnace

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khaldi, Nawel; Chouari, Yoldoss; Mhiri, Hatem; Bournot, Philippe

    2016-09-01

    The characteristics of the flow, combustion and temperature in a 300 MWe tangentially fired pulverized-coal furnace are numerically studied using computational fluid dynamics. The mathematical model is based on a Eulerian description for the continuum phase and a Lagrangian description for coal particles. The combustion reaction scheme was modeled using eddy dissipation concept. The application of a proper turbulence model is mandatory to generate accurate predictions of flow and heat transfer during combustion. The current work presents a comparative study to identify the suitable turbulence model for tangentially fired furnace problem. Three turbulence models including the standard k-ɛ model, the RNG k-ɛ model and the Reynolds Stress model, RSM are examined. The predictions are compared with the published experimental data of Zheng et al. (Proc Combust Inst 29: 811-818, 2002). The RNG k-ɛ model proves to be the most suitable turbulence model, offering a satisfactory prediction of the velocity, temperature and species fields. The detailed results presented in this paper may enhance the understanding of complex flow patterns and combustion processes in tangentially fired pulverized-coal furnaces.

  11. Design of a 300-kV gas environmental transmission electron microscope equipped with a cold field emission gun.

    PubMed

    Isakozawa, Shigeto; Nagaoki, Isao; Watabe, Akira; Nagakubo, Yasuhira; Saito, Nobuhiro; Matsumoto, Hiroaki; Zhang, Xiao Feng; Taniguchi, Yoshifumi; Baba, Norio

    2016-08-01

    A new in situ environmental transmission electron microscope (ETEM) was developed based on a 300 kV TEM with a cold field emission gun (CFEG). Particular caution was taken in the ETEM design to assure uncompromised imaging and analytical performance of the TEM. Because of the improved pumping system between the gun and column, the vacuum of CFEG was largely improved and the probe current was sufficiently stabilized to operate without tip flashing for 2-3 h or longer. A high brightness of 2.5 × 10(9) A/cm(2) sr was measured at 300 kV, verifying the high quality of the CFEG electron beam. A specially designed gas injection-heating holder was used in the in situ TEM study at elevated temperatures with or without gas around the TEM specimen. Using this holder in a 10 Pa gas atmosphere and specimen temperatures up to 1000°C, high-resolution ETEM performance and analysis were achieved.

  12. 76 FR 62673 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-11

    ... during scheduled maintenance checks by operators of A300B4 and A300-600 type aeroplanes on which the... INFORMATION CONTACT: Dan Rodina, Aerospace Engineer, International Branch, ANM-116, Transport Airplane... November 3, 2010, we issued AD 2010-23-26, Amendment 39-16516 (75 FR 74610, December 1, 2010). That...

  13. 77 FR 26937 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-08

    ... FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dan Rodina, Aerospace Engineer, International Branch, ANM-116, Transport... cracks were discovered during scheduled maintenance checks by operators of A300B4 and A300-600 type... EASA AD 2008-0111 and required operators to comply with the new inspection programme introduced...

  14. "WhatsApp"ening in orthopedic care: a concise report from a 300-bedded tertiary care teaching center.

    PubMed

    Khanna, Vishesh; Sambandam, Senthil N; Gul, Arif; Mounasamy, Varatharaj

    2015-07-01

    Smartphones have emerged as essential tools providing assistance in patient care, monitoring, rehabilitation, communication, diagnosis, teaching, research and reference. Among innumerable communication apps, WhatsApp has been widely popular and cost effective. The aim of our study was to report the impact of introduction of a smartphone app "WhatsApp" as an intradepartmental communication tool on (1) awareness of patient-related information, (2) efficiency of the handover process and (3) duration of traditional morning handovers among orthopedic residents in a 300-bedded tertiary care teaching center. Written handovers and paging used for communication at our center led to occasional inefficiencies among residents. Widespread use, low cost, availability and double password protection (phone lock and WhatsApp lock) made WhatsApp's group conversation feature an ideal tool for intradepartmental patient-related communication. Twenty-five consecutive admissions before and after WhatsApp (BW, AW) were included in the study. Eight orthopedic residents attempted fifty randomly arranged questions based on the twenty-five patients in each study period. A null hypothesis that introduction of WhatsApp group would neither increase the awareness of patient-related information nor improve the efficiency of the handovers among residents was assumed. A significant improvement observed in scores obtained by residents in the AW group led to rejection of the null hypothesis. The residents also reported swifter and efficient handovers after the introduction of WhatsApp. Our results indicate that the introduction of a smartphone app "WhatsApp" as an intradepartmental communication tool can bring about an improvement in patient-related awareness, communication and handovers among orthopedic residents.

  15. 77 FR 40485 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-10

    .... ] SUMMARY: We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all Airbus Model A300 series airplanes; all Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R series airplanes, and Model 300 C4-605R Variant F airplanes (collectively called A300-600 series airplanes). This AD was prompted by reports of an inoperative...

  16. Construction of a transcription map of a 300 kb region around the human G6PD locus by direct cDNA selection.

    PubMed

    Sedlacek, Z; Korn, B; Konecki, D S; Siebenhaar, R; Coy, J F; Kioschis, P; Poustka, A

    1993-11-01

    A transcription map covering a 300 kb region around the G6PD gene in the human Xq28 region was constructed by the direct cDNA selection method and the analysis of the resulting region-specific enriched cDNA sublibrary. Seven new genes and two loci of endogenous retrovirus HERV-K were identified. The distribution of the genes across the region is strongly non-uniform and follows the non-uniform distribution of GpG islands in the area. While one of the novel genes was found to be highly homologous to bovine smg p25A GDP-dissociation inhibitor, the remaining genes did not detect any homology to known genes. The analysis of region-specific cDNA sublibraries represents a simple, rapid and efficient tool for the generation of a regional transcription map.

  17. Combustion characteristics and NOx emissions of two kinds of swirl burners in a 300-MWe wall-fired pulverized-coal utility boiler

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Z.Q.; Jing, J.P.; Chen, Z.C.; Ren, F.; Xu, B.; Wei, H.D.; Ge, Z.H.

    2008-07-01

    Measurements were performed in a 300-MWe wall-fired pulverized-coal utility boiler. Enhanced ignition-dual register (EI-DR) burners and centrally fuel rich (CFR) swirl coal combustion burners were installed in the bottom row of the furnace during experiments. Local mean concentrations of O{sub 2}, CO, CO{sub 2} and NOx gas species, gas temperatures, and char burnout were determined in the region of the two types of burners. For centrally fuel rich swirl coal combustion burners, local mean CO concentrations, gas temperatures and the temperature gradient are higher and mean concentrations of O{sub 2} and NOx along the jet flow direction in the burner region are lower than for the enhanced ignition-dual register burners. Moreover, the mean O{sub 2} concentration is higher and the gas temperature and mean CO concentration are lower in the side wall region. For centrally fuel rich swirl coal combustion burners in the bottom row, the combustion efficiency of the boiler increases from 96.73% to 97.09%, and NOx emission decreases from 411.5 to 355 ppm at 6% O{sub 2} compared to enhanced ignition-dual register burners and the boiler operates stably at 110 MWe without auxiliary fuel oil.

  18. Spectral response of the energy-binning Dosepix ASIC coupled to a 300 μm silicon sensor under high fluxes of synchrotron radiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fröjdh, E.; Bisello, F.; Campbell, M.; Damet, J.; Hamann, E.; Koenig, T.; Wong, W. S.; Zuber, M.

    2015-12-01

    The Dosepix hybrid pixel detector was designed for dosimetry and radiation monitoring applications. It has three programmable modes of operation: photon counting mode, energy integration mode, and dosimetry mode. The dosimetry mode measures the energy of individual X-ray photons and automatically sorts events into pre-defined energy bins. The output is a histogram representing the measured X-ray energy spectrum, permitting a dose reconstruction that accounts for the attenuation of photons at each energy bin. This presents a potential radiation protection and dosimetry instrument in medical radiodiagnostic practices, including high flux systems such as computed tomography (CT). In this paper, we characterise the Dosepix chip by investigating the energy response and count rate capabilities when coupled to a 300 μm silicon sensor under high fluxes of monochromatic synchrotron radiation. Under nominal settings, the Dosepix detector can detect photons down to 3.5 keV, with an energy resolution of 16.5% FWHM for 8.5 keV photons and 8% FWHM for 40 keV photons. The chip can count up to 1.67 Mcps/mm2 of 40 keV photons whilst maintaining linear counting behaviour. This count rate range can be further increased by changing the programmable operating settings of the detector, making it suitable for a range of photon dosimetry applications.

  19. Ex vivo efficacy evaluation of laser vaporization for treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia using a 300-W high-power laser diode with a wavelength of 980 nm

    PubMed Central

    Takada, Junya; Honda, Norihiro; Hazama, Hisanao

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objective: Laser vaporization of the prostate is considered to be a promising treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and efficiency of vaporization and hemostasis are both important parameters for such treatment. In this study, we used a high-power laser diode with a wavelength of 980 nm to obtain high vaporization efficiency with good hemostasis. The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of laser vaporization for treatment of BPH in ex vivo experiments using a 300-W high-power laser diode with a wavelength of 980 nm quantitatively. Materials and Methods: An ex vivo experimental setup simulating clinical treatment situation was constructed. Bovine prostate tissue was used as a sample. The power setting was 100, 150, 200, 250, or 300 W, and the irradiation time was 0.5, 1, or 2 s. After laser irradiation, vaporized and coagulated depths were measured. Results: The vaporized depth increased with the laser power and irradiation time, and the results confirmed that the high-power laser diode could efficiently vaporize the prostate tissue. Coagulated depth increased as the laser power became higher. Conclusions: Laser vaporization of prostate tissue using a high-power laser diode with a wavelength of 980 nm represents a promising treatment for BPH; this method exhibits high vaporization efficiency and good hemostasis. However, operators must be aware of the risk of postoperative perforation of the prostatic capsule caused by coagulation of deep regions that cannot be visualized by endoscopic observation. PMID:25368442

  20. Coastal fog prediction with a coupled model (1D+3D) system using the data from a 300 m met tower as input

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, W.; Yum, S. S.

    2015-12-01

    Visibility degradation due to fog can be very hazardous both to ground transportation and aviation traffic. However, prediction of fog using numerical models is difficult because fog formation is usually determined by local meteorological conditions that are hard to be measured and modeled with sufficient resolution. For this reason, there have been several attempts to build a coupled system of a fine resolution 1D model and a 3D mesoscale model with a usual grid resolution. In this study we uses the coupled system of the 1D PAFOG model and the 3D WRF model to simulate fogs formed at a southern coastal region of Korea, where the National Center for Intensive Observation of Severe Weather (NCIO) is located. Unique to NCIO is that it has a 300 m meteorological tower on which some basic meteorological variables (temperature, dew point temperature and winds) are measured at eleven different altitudes. In addition comprehensive cloud physics measurements are made with various remote sensing instruments such as cloud radar, wind profiler, microwave radiometer, micro rain radar. Several fog cases are identified during 2015 and will be simulated by the coupled system. The comprehensive set of measurement data from NCIO will be utilized as input to the model system and for evaluating the results. Particularly the data for initial and boundary conditions, which are tightly connected to the coupled model predictability, are extracted from the tower measurement. Furthermore, various sensitivity experiments will be done to enhance our understanding of the coastal fog formation mechanism. Detailed results will be discussed at the conference.

  1. Baseline Assessment of the Use of Weather Information in Airline Systems Operations Centers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-08-01

    Wsi .--------------Weather.services.international vii ExECUTIvE sUmmAry approximately. 70.%. of. national. airspace. system. (nas...Products Coordinator Manager 4 dispatchers 604 Boeing 777 757 737-800 MD 82/83 A300/600 13,650 4.5h /1h /16h Worldwide Sabre WSI ...Pilotbrief EAG WSI Fusion NEXRAD, Convective SIGMETs, AIRMETs NOAA weather Center Java Tool International Senior Meteorologist

  2. Haitian Retention: A 310 Teacher Training Project, 1986-1987.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flanagan, Brian; Lucas, Nell

    The Haitian Retention Program (HRP) is designed to help illiterate and unskilled Haitian immigrants to Palm Beach County (Florida) learn the English language through regular class attendance. Although many Haitians are enthusiastic about enrolling in adult English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) classes, they are not accustomed to attending…

  3. 15 CFR 8a.300 - Admission.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... discriminate against or exclude any person on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, termination of pregnancy, or...) Subject to § 8a.235(d), shall treat disabilities related to pregnancy, childbirth, termination of pregnancy, or recovery therefrom in the same manner and under the same policies as any other temporary...

  4. 15 CFR 8a.300 - Admission.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... discriminate against or exclude any person on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, termination of pregnancy, or...) Subject to § 8a.235(d), shall treat disabilities related to pregnancy, childbirth, termination of...

  5. 15 CFR 8a.300 - Admission.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... discriminate against or exclude any person on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, termination of pregnancy, or...) Subject to § 8a.235(d), shall treat disabilities related to pregnancy, childbirth, termination of...

  6. 15 CFR 8a.300 - Admission.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... discriminate against or exclude any person on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, termination of pregnancy, or...) Subject to § 8a.235(d), shall treat disabilities related to pregnancy, childbirth, termination of...

  7. The Path to a $300-Million Donation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masterson, Kathryn

    2008-01-01

    The first time Edward A. Snyder, dean of the University of Chicago's graduate business school, asked David G. Booth to donate money to name something on the campus, Mr. Booth said no. Five years later, the University's Graduate School of Business is named the University of Chicago Booth School of Business, after Mr. Booth gave what is valued as a…

  8. The Path to a $300-Million Donation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masterson, Kathryn

    2008-01-01

    The first time Edward A. Snyder, dean of the University of Chicago's graduate business school, asked David G. Booth to donate money to name something on the campus, Mr. Booth said no. Five years later, the University's Graduate School of Business is named the University of Chicago Booth School of Business, after Mr. Booth gave what is valued as a…

  9. Low-loss and flatband silicon-nanowire-based 5th-order coupled resonator optical waveguides (CROW) fabricated by ArF-immersion lithography process on a 300-mm SOI wafer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jeong, Seok-Hwan; Shimura, Daisuke; Simoyama, Takasi; Seki, Miyoshi; Yokoyama, Nobuyuki; Ohtsuka, Minoru; Koshino, Keiji; Horikawa, Tsuyoshi; Tanaka, Yu; Morito, Ken

    2014-03-01

    We present flatband, low-loss and low-crosstalk characteristics of Si-nanowire-based 5th-order coupled resonator optical waveguides (CROW) fabricated by ArF-immersion lithography process on a 300-mm silicon-on-insulator (SOI) wafer. We theoretically specified why phase controllability over Si-nanowire waveguides is prerequisite to attain desired spectral response, discussing spectral degradation by random phase errors during fabrication process. It was experimentally demonstrated that advanced patterning technology based on ArF-immersion lithography process showed extremely low phase errors even for Si-nanowire channel waveguides. As a result, the device exhibited extremely low loss of <0.2dB and low crosstalk of <-40dB without any external phase compensation. Furthermore, fairly good spectral uniformity for all fabricated devices was found both in intra-dies and inter-dies. The center wavelengths for box-like drop channel responses were distributed within 0.4 nm in the same die. This tendency was kept nearly constant for other dies on the 300-mm SOI wafer. In the case of the inter-die distribution where each die is spaced by ~3cm, the deviation of the center wavelengths was as low as +/-1.8 nm between the dies separated by up to ~15 cm. The spectral superiority was reconfirmed by measuring 25 Gbps modulation signals launched into the device. Clear eye openings were observed as long as the optical signal wavelengths are stayed within the flat-topped passband of the 5th-order CROW. We believe these high-precision fabrication technologies based on 300-mm SOI wafer scale ArF-immersion lithography would be promising for several kinds of WDM multiplexers/demultiplexers having much complicated configurations and requiring much finer phase controllability.

  10. 76 FR 63177 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B2-1C, A300 B2-203, A300 B2K-3C, A300-B4-103, A300 B4...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-12

    ... and RH (FR54 3,600 flight cycles. through FR58). All STGR22 LH and RH 2,700 flight cycles. (FR26 through FR40). All STGR22 RH (FR58 3,000 flight cycles. through FR65). All STGR31 LH/RH (FR26 3,000 flight cycles. through FR39). MSN 0003 STGR31 LH/RH (FR54 3,600 flight cycles. through FR58). (h) For airplanes...

  11. 76 FR 26962 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B2-1C, A300 B2-203, A300 B2K-3C, A300-B4-103, A300 B4...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-10

    ... Inspect special Repeat at intervals For airplanes-- area-- not to exceed-- All STGR5 LH and RH 3,600 flight cycles (FR54 through FR58). All STGR22 LH and RH 2,700 flight cycles (FR26 through FR40). All STGR22 RH (FR58 3,000 flight cycles through FR65). All STGR31 LH/RH (FR26 3,000 flight cycles through...

  12. Technological requirements for terraforming Mars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zubrin, Robert M.; McKay, Christopher P.

    1993-06-01

    A mathematical model of the Martian CO2 environment is presently used to generate an analysis exploring and clarifying the prospects for the use of positive feedbacks to accelerate planetary engineering efforts. The model assumes that enough CO2 is present in the Martian regolith and south pole to generate a 300-600 mb atmosphere; when released by heating via orbiting mirrors, the CO2's greenhouse effect will function as a positive feedback supporting further warming. The requirements for Mars terraforming will in this way be reduced by a factor of 2 relative to previous estimates. The nuclear power-based production of the Al for the mirrors is discussed.

  13. A 300-nm compact mm-wave linac FEL design

    SciTech Connect

    Nassiri, A.; Kustom, R.L.; Kang, Y.W.

    1995-12-31

    Microfabrication technology offers an alternative method for fabricating precision, miniature-size components suitable for use in accelerator physics and commercial applications. The original R&D work at Argonne, in collaboration with the University of Illinois at Chicago, has produced encouraging results in the area of rf accelerating structure design, optical and x-ray masks production, deep x-ray lithography (LIGA exposures), and precision structural alignments. In this paper we will present a design study for a compact single pass mm-linac FEL to produce short wavelength radiation. This system will consists of a photocathode rf gun operated at 30 GHz, a 50-MeV superconducting constant gradient structure operated at 60 GHz, and a microundulator with 1-mm period. Initial experimental results on a scale model rf gun and microundulator will be presented.

  14. Archaeology and Astronomy.A 300-year Voyage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morellato, Jody

    2015-05-01

    This article will present a short introduction into my research on archaeoastronomical studies' origin and development. I deliberately focus my attention on a particular epoch: from the beginning of the 18th century to the 1970s: more precisely 1973, a special positive moment for this field, when anthropologist E.C. Baity generated the neologism of 'ethnoastronomy'. The intention is to describe briefly the romantic hypotheses of the earliest eclectic pioneers - subsequently grouped under the name of astro-archaeologists - combining summaries of the main ideas and quotations. We will be able to reconstruct a valid general overview about the topic in question and the facts - described following a natural chronological development - will guide us to the modern idea of archaeoastronomy. Through two interesting moments during the early twentieth century, but especially at the turn of the 1970s it almost seems that a dialogue may be possible. Thanks to institutions such as the British Academy or Royal Society, and the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, a point of convergence bringing together archaeology and astronomy will be established, as well as the promotion of an interdisciplinary research. Might the wall of separation between the arts and the sciences, at least in this field, be overcome? Are we at the threshold of a new discipline? To answer these questions we need a deeper understanding of the contemporary studies on cultural astronomy: a history that develops not only in a linear time, but also growth in complexity and tone, involving more and more scholars belonging to the main scientific and humanistic fields. I would leave this point open inviting my colleagues to join and push forward a research we all totally do need.

  15. Modeling a 300 kHz Bathymetric Sonar System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-09-01

    several sensors. These include sidescan and forward-scan sonar, imaging lasers, and stereo photography. Such a model could be used, for example, by a...sonar sled, as illustrated in Fig 4.2. The system is controlled by its central processing unit (CPU), a 68HCl1E microcontroller . The CPU is supported by

  16. Load-control of a 300 hp tunnelling machine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Edwards, J. B.

    1983-04-01

    A mathematical model is derived for the rock cutting operation of a tunnelling machine used in a coal mine. The existing over-riding load control system is shown to produce oscillatory load patterns when cutting harder rock, that accord closely with preliminary observations underground. The model is used to design and confirm the performance of a load control system using derivative power feedback. Modifications to the existing control amplifier are straightforward.

  17. Ageing airplane repair assessment program for Airbus A300

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gaillardon, J. M.; Schmidt, HANS-J.; Brandecker, B.

    1992-01-01

    This paper describes the current status of the repair categorization activities and includes all details about the methodologies developed for determination of the inspection program for the skin on pressurized fuselages. For inspection threshold determination two methods are defined based on fatigue life approach, a simplified and detailed method. The detailed method considers 15 different parameters to assess the influences of material, geometry, size location, aircraft usage, and workmanship on the fatigue life of the repair and the original structure. For definition of the inspection intervals a general method is developed which applies to all concerned repairs. For this the initial flaw concept is used by considering 6 parameters and the detectable flaw sizes depending on proposed nondestructive inspection methods. An alternative method is provided for small repairs allowing visual inspection with shorter intervals.

  18. Stars Just Got Bigger - A 300 Solar Mass Star Uncovered

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2010-07-01

    Using a combination of instruments on ESO's Very Large Telescope, astronomers have discovered the most massive stars to date, one weighing at birth more than 300 times the mass of the Sun, or twice as much as the currently accepted limit of 150 solar masses. The existence of these monsters - millions of times more luminous than the Sun, losing weight through very powerful winds - may provide an answer to the question "how massive can stars be?" A team of astronomers led by Paul Crowther, Professor of Astrophysics at the University of Sheffield, has used ESO's Very Large Telescope (VLT), as well as archival data from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, to study two young clusters of stars, NGC 3603 and RMC 136a in detail. NGC 3603 is a cosmic factory where stars form frantically from the nebula's extended clouds of gas and dust, located 22 000 light-years away from the Sun (eso1005). RMC 136a (more often known as R136) is another cluster of young, massive and hot stars, which is located inside the Tarantula Nebula, in one of our neighbouring galaxies, the Large Magellanic Cloud, 165 000 light-years away (eso0613). The team found several stars with surface temperatures over 40 000 degrees, more than seven times hotter than our Sun, and a few tens of times larger and several million times brighter. Comparisons with models imply that several of these stars were born with masses in excess of 150 solar masses. The star R136a1, found in the R136 cluster, is the most massive star ever found, with a current mass of about 265 solar masses and with a birthweight of as much as 320 times that of the Sun. In NGC 3603, the astronomers could also directly measure the masses of two stars that belong to a double star system [1], as a validation of the models used. The stars A1, B and C in this cluster have estimated masses at birth above or close to 150 solar masses. Very massive stars produce very powerful outflows. "Unlike humans, these stars are born heavy and lose weight as they age," says Paul Crowther. "Being a little over a million years old, the most extreme star R136a1 is already 'middle-aged' and has undergone an intense weight loss programme, shedding a fifth of its initial mass over that time, or more than fifty solar masses." If R136a1 replaced the Sun in our Solar System, it would outshine the Sun by as much as the Sun currently outshines the full Moon. "Its high mass would reduce the length of the Earth's year to three weeks, and it would bathe the Earth in incredibly intense ultraviolet radiation, rendering life on our planet impossible," says Raphael Hirschi from Keele University, who belongs to the team. These super heavyweight stars are extremely rare, forming solely within the densest star clusters. Distinguishing the individual stars - which has now been achieved for the first time - requires the exquisite resolving power of the VLT's infrared instruments [2]. The team also estimated the maximum possible mass for the stars within these clusters and the relative number of the most massive ones. "The smallest stars are limited to more than about eighty times more than Jupiter, below which they are 'failed stars' or brown dwarfs," says team member Olivier Schnurr from the Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam. "Our new finding supports the previous view that there is also an upper limit to how big stars can get, although it raises the limit by a factor of two, to about 300 solar masses." Within R136, only four stars weighed more than 150 solar masses at birth, yet they account for nearly half of the wind and radiation power of the entire cluster, comprising approximately 100 000 stars in total. R136a1 alone energises its surroundings by more than a factor of fifty compared to the Orion Nebula cluster, the closest region of massive star formation to Earth. Understanding how high mass stars form is puzzling enough, due to their very short lives and powerful winds, so that the identification of such extreme cases as R136a1 raises the challenge to theorists still further. "Either they were born so big or smaller stars merged together to produce them," explains Crowther. Stars between about 8 and 150 solar masses explode at the end of their short lives as supernovae, leaving behind exotic remnants, either neutron stars or black holes. Having now established the existence of stars weighing between 150 and 300 solar masses, the astronomers' findings raise the prospect of the existence of exceptionally bright, "pair instability supernovae" that completely blow themselves apart, failing to leave behind any remnant and dispersing up to ten solar masses of iron into their surroundings. A few candidates for such explosions have already been proposed in recent years. Not only is R136a1 the most massive star ever found, but it also has the highest luminosity too, close to 10 million times greater than the Sun. "Owing to the rarity of these monsters, I think it is unlikely that this new record will be broken any time soon," concludes Crowther. Notes [1] The star A1 in NGC 3603 is a double star, with an orbital period of 3.77 days. The two stars in the system have, respectively, 120 and 92 times the mass of the Sun, which means that they have formed as stars weighing, respectively, 148 and 106 solar masses. [2] The team used the SINFONI, ISAAC and MAD instruments, all attached to ESO's Very Large Telescope at Paranal, Chile. [3] (note added on 26 July 2010) The "bigger" in the title does not imply that these stars are the biggest observed. Such stars, called red supergiants, can have radii up to about a thousand solar radii, while R136a1, which is blue, is about 35 times as large as the Sun. However, R136a1 is the star with the greatest mass known to date. More information This work is presented in an article published in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ("The R136 star cluster hosts several stars whose individual masses greatly exceed the accepted 150 Msun stellar mass limit", by P. Crowther et al.). The team is composed of Paul A. Crowther, Richard J. Parker, and Simon P. Goodwin (University of Sheffield, UK), Olivier Schnurr (University of Sheffield and Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam, Germany), Raphael Hirschi (Keele University, UK), and Norhasliza Yusof and Hasan Abu Kassim (University of Malaya, Malaysia). ESO, the European Southern Observatory, is the foremost intergovernmental astronomy organisation in Europe and the world's most productive astronomical observatory. It is supported by 14 countries: Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Finland, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. ESO carries out an ambitious programme focused on the design, construction and operation of powerful ground-based observing facilities enabling astronomers to make important scientific discoveries. ESO also plays a leading role in promoting and organising cooperation in astronomical research. ESO operates three unique world-class observing sites in Chile: La Silla, Paranal and Chajnantor. At Paranal, ESO operates the Very Large Telescope, the world's most advanced visible-light astronomical observatory and VISTA, the world's largest survey telescope. ESO is the European partner of a revolutionary astronomical telescope ALMA, the largest astronomical project in existence. ESO is currently planning a 42-metre European Extremely Large optical/near-infrared Telescope, the E-ELT, which will become "the world's biggest eye on the sky".

  19. Ageing airplane repair assessment program for Airbus A300

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gaillardon, J. M.; Schmidt, HANS-J.; Brandecker, B.

    1992-01-01

    This paper describes the current status of the repair categorization activities and includes all details about the methodologies developed for determination of the inspection program for the skin on pressurized fuselages. For inspection threshold determination two methods are defined based on fatigue life approach, a simplified and detailed method. The detailed method considers 15 different parameters to assess the influences of material, geometry, size location, aircraft usage, and workmanship on the fatigue life of the repair and the original structure. For definition of the inspection intervals a general method is developed which applies to all concerned repairs. For this the initial flaw concept is used by considering 6 parameters and the detectable flaw sizes depending on proposed nondestructive inspection methods. An alternative method is provided for small repairs allowing visual inspection with shorter intervals.

  20. 76 FR 65938 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310 Series Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-25

    ... the U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12... the compliance times specified, unless the actions have already been done. Resistance Measurement (g.... 02 September 3, 2007. (1) For configuration 05 airplanes: Do a resistance check of the inboard...

  1. 76 FR 27220 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310 Series Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-11

    ... structural integrity of the wings. We are issuing this AD to require actions to correct the unsafe condition... (SBs which address structure fatigue related areas on the wing parts), until now part of the... wings. The required corrective actions are as follows, depending on airplane configuration: For...

  2. 76 FR 62653 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310 Series Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-11

    ... rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for the products listed above that would supersede an existing AD. This proposed AD results from mandatory continuing... fuel tank explosion. * * * * * The proposed AD would require actions that are intended to address...

  3. The Georgia Express: Final Report. A 310 Planning Project for Adult Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffin City - Spalding County Board of Education, GA.

    This report summarizes the work of the Georgia Express project staff and the five task teams that provided research services to the Georgia Task Force on Adult Education. (The purpose of the Task Force was to review Georgia Adult Education's current goals, objectives, and procedures and to make recommendations for program improvement.) The report…

  4. 75 FR 66659 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310 Series Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-29

    ... aviation authority of another country to identify and correct an unsafe condition on an aviation product. The MCAI describes the unsafe condition as: Analysis performed in the frame of the Extended Service... in the centre wing box. This condition, if not corrected, could affect the structural integrity of...

  5. 76 FR 27227 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310 Series Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-11

    ... Series Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT...-116, Transport Airplane Directorate, FAA, 1601 Lind Avenue, SW., Renton, Washington 98057-3356... airplane configuration: Cold working of trellis boom drainage holes. Repetitive detailed or rotating...

  6. Sing and Learn English. A 310 Special Demonstration Project. 1984-1985.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rio Salado Community Coll., AZ.

    This instructor's guide contains the words to 23 popular songs along with guidelines and activities designed to help English-as-a-second-language (ESL) students improve their English skills while learning the songs. Each song is accompanied by a brief paraphrase of the content of the song, vocabulary and grammar exercises, and suggested teacher's…

  7. 76 FR 34 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310 Series Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-03

    ...We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for the products listed above. This proposed AD results from mandatory continuing airworthiness information (MCAI) originated by an aviation authority of another country to identify and correct an unsafe condition on an aviation product. The MCAI describes the unsafe condition...

  8. 75 FR 57880 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310 Series Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-23

    ...) extension work, Airbus discovered that the splined couplings and the sliding bearings of the flap... Goal (DSG) extension work, Airbus discovered that the splined couplings and the sliding bearings of the... that the splined couplings and the sliding bearings of the flap transmission system could be...

  9. 76 FR 421 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310 Series Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-05

    ... that the splined couplings and the sliding bearings of the flap transmission system could be affected... aircraft Design Service Goal (DSG) extension work, Airbus discovered that the splined couplings and the... aircraft Design Service Goal (DSG) extension work, Airbus discovered that the splined couplings and...

  10. The Raffaello, a Multi-Purpose Logistics Module, arrives at KSC aboard a Beluga super transporter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    An Airbus Industrie A300-600ST 'Beluga' Super Transporter is reflected in the rain puddles as it taxis toward the mate/demate tower at the Shuttle Landing Facility. The Beluga is carrying the Raffaello, the second Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM) for the International Space Station (ISS). One of Italy's major contributions to the ISS program, the MPLM is a reusable logistics carrier and the primary delivery system used to resupply and return station cargo requiring a pressurized environment. Weighing nearly 4.5 tons, the module measures 21 feet long and 15 feet in diameter. Raffaello will join Leonardo, the first Italian-built MPLM, in the Space Station Processing Facility for testing. NASA, Boeing, the Italian Space Agency and Alenia Aerospazio will provide engineering support.

  11. The Raffaello, a Multi-Purpose Logistics Module, arrives at KSC aboard a Beluga super transporter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    An Airbus Industrie A300-600ST 'Beluga' Super Transporter touches down at the Shuttle Landing Facility to deliver its cargo, the second Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM) for the International Space Station (ISS). One of Italy's major contributions to the ISS program, the MPLM, named Raffaello, is a reusable logistics carrier and the primary delivery system used to resupply and return station cargo requiring a pressurized environment. Weighing nearly 4.5 tons, the module measures 21 feet long and 15 feet in diameter. Raffaello will join Leonardo, the first Italian-built MPLM, in the Space Station Processing Facility for testing. NASA, Boeing, the Italian Space Agency and Alenia Aerospazio will provide engineering support.

  12. The Raffaello, a Multi-Purpose Logistics Module, arrives at KSC aboard a Beluga super transporter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    An Airbus Industrie A300-600ST 'Beluga' Super Transporter is reflected in the rain puddles as it comes to a stop at the Shuttle Landing Facility. The Beluga is carrying the Raffaello, the second Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM) for the International Space Station (ISS). One of Italy's major contributions to the ISS program, the MPLM is a reusable logistics carrier and the primary delivery system used to resupply and return station cargo requiring a pressurized environment. Weighing nearly 4.5 tons, the module measures 21 feet long and 15 feet in diameter. Raffaello will join Leonardo, the first Italian-built MPLM, in the Space Station Processing Facility for testing. NASA, Boeing, the Italian Space Agency and Alenia Aerospazio will provide engineering support.

  13. The Raffaello, a Multi-Purpose Logistics Module, arrives at KSC aboard a Beluga super transporter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    An Airbus Industrie A300-600ST 'Beluga' Super Transporter is reflected in the rain puddles as it taxis toward the mate/demate tower at the Shuttle Landing Facility. The Beluga is carrying the Raffaello, the second Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM) for the International Space Station (ISS). One of Italy's major contributions to the ISS program, the MPLM is a reusable logistics carrier and the primary delivery system used to resupply and return station cargo requiring a pressurized environment. Weighing nearly 4.5 tons, the module measures 21 feet long and 15 feet in diameter. Raffaello will join Leonardo, the first Italian-built MPLM, in the Space Station Processing Facility for testing. NASA, Boeing, the Italian Space Agency and Alenia Aerospazio will provide engineering support.

  14. The Raffaello, a Multi-Purpose Logistics Module, arrives at KSC aboard a Beluga super transporter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    An Airbus Industrie A300-600ST 'Beluga' Super Transporter lands in the rain at the Shuttle Landing Facility to deliver its cargo, the second Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM) for the International Space Station (ISS). One of Italy's major contributions to the ISS program, the MPLM, named Raffaello, is a reusable logistics carrier and the primary delivery system used to resupply and return station cargo requiring a pressurized environment. Weighing nearly 4.5 tons, the module measures 21 feet long and 15 feet in diameter. Raffaello will join Leonardo, the first Italian-built MPLM, in the Space Station Processing Facility for testing. NASA, Boeing, the Italian Space Agency and Alenia Aerospazio will provide engineering support.

  15. The Raffaello, a Multi-Purpose Logistics Module, arrives at KSC aboard a Beluga super transporter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    An Airbus Industrie A300-600ST 'Beluga' Super Transporter touches down at the Shuttle Landing Facility to deliver its cargo, the second Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM) for the International Space Station (ISS). One of Italy's major contributions to the ISS program, the MPLM, named Raffaello, is a reusable logistics carrier and the primary delivery system used to resupply and return station cargo requiring a pressurized environment. Weighing nearly 4.5 tons, the module measures 21 feet long and 15 feet in diameter. Raffaello will join Leonardo, the first Italian-built MPLM, in the Space Station Processing Facility for testing. NASA, Boeing, the Italian Space Agency and Alenia Aerospazio will provide engineering support.

  16. Atmospheric CO2 Enrichment of Water Hyacinths: Effects on Transpiration and Water Use Efficiency

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Idso, Sherwood B.; Kimball, Bruce A.; Anderson, Michael G.

    1985-11-01

    Open-top clear plastic wall chambers enclosing pairs of sunken metal stock tanks, one of each pair of which contained a full cover of water hyacinths, were maintained out-of-doors at Phoenix, Arizona for several weeks during the summer of 1984. One of these chambers represented ambient conditions, while the other three were continuously enriched with carbon dioxide to approximate target concentrations of 500, 650, and 900 ppm. During a 4-week period when plant growth was at its maximum, water hyacinth biomass production increased by 36% for a 300-600 ppm doubling of the atmospheric CO2 content, while water use efficiency, or the biomass produced per unit of water transpired, actually doubled. These results are similar to what has been observed in several terrestrial plants and they indicate the general trend which may be expected to occur as atmospheric CO2 continues to rise in the years ahead.

  17. The Raffaello, a Multi-Purpose Logistics Module, arrives at KSC aboard a Beluga super transporter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    An Airbus Industrie A300-600ST 'Beluga' Super Transporter is reflected in the rain puddles as it comes to a stop at the Shuttle Landing Facility. The Beluga is carrying the Raffaello, the second Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM) for the International Space Station (ISS). One of Italy's major contributions to the ISS program, the MPLM is a reusable logistics carrier and the primary delivery system used to resupply and return station cargo requiring a pressurized environment. Weighing nearly 4.5 tons, the module measures 21 feet long and 15 feet in diameter. Raffaello will join Leonardo, the first Italian-built MPLM, in the Space Station Processing Facility for testing. NASA, Boeing, the Italian Space Agency and Alenia Aerospazio will provide engineering support.

  18. The Raffaello, a Multi-Purpose Logistics Module, arrives at KSC aboard a Beluga super transporter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    An Airbus Industrie A300-600ST 'Beluga' Super Transporter lands in the rain at the Shuttle Landing Facility to deliver its cargo, the second Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM) for the International Space Station (ISS). One of Italy's major contributions to the ISS program, the MPLM, named Raffaello, is a reusable logistics carrier and the primary delivery system used to resupply and return station cargo requiring a pressurized environment. Weighing nearly 4.5 tons, the module measures 21 feet long and 15 feet in diameter. Raffaello will join Leonardo, the first Italian-built MPLM, in the Space Station Processing Facility for testing. NASA, Boeing, the Italian Space Agency and Alenia Aerospazio will provide engineering support.

  19. Bioinspired nanodevice based on the folic acid/titanium dioxide system.

    PubMed

    Gaweda, Sylwia; Stochel, Grazyna; Szaciłowski, Konrad

    2007-05-04

    A new bioinspired nanomaterial has been obtained by chemisorption of folic acid onto nanocrystalline titanium dioxide. The organic chromophore is linked with the semiconductor surface via the glutamate chain and anchored with the carboxylate group. The geometry and electronic structure of the chromophore was studied in detail with DFT. Photoelectrochemical studies revealed photosensitization of the new material towards visible light. The photoelectrodes composed of the folic acid/titanium dioxide hybrid material generated photocurrent over a 300-600-nm window. Moreover, the direction of the photocurrent could be changed from anodic to cathodic and vice versa by application of the appropriate photoelectrode potential. Photoelectrochemical and spectroscopic studies allowed the elucidation of the mechanism of photocurrent switching. Photoelectrodes composed of folate-modified titanium dioxide may serve as a simple model of optoelectronic switches and may constitute the basis for molecular photoelectronic devices.

  20. 76 FR 25259 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, A300 B4-600R, and A300 F4-600R Series...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-04

    ...], reported the failure during a wind tunnel test of a balance weight fastening screw on the RAT turbine cover... balance weight fastening screw on the RAT turbine cover during a wind tunnel test. After investigation, it has been discovered that a batch of screws, used to attach the balance washers of the RAT Turbine...

  1. 76 FR 47430 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, A300 B4-600R, and A300 F4-600R Series...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-05

    ...: Hamilton Sundstrand (HS), the manufacturer of the RAT [ram air turbine], reported the failure during a wind... fastening screw on the RAT turbine cover during a wind tunnel test. After investigation, it has been discovered that a batch of screws, used to attach the balance washers of the RAT Turbine assembly, has not...

  2. GED Preparation via the Sundial Network. An Audio Teleconferencing System. Final Report. A 310/Special Demonstration Project 1984-1985.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rio Salado Community Coll., AZ.

    A project was conducted to deliver general educational development (GED) instruction through an audio teleconferencing system to adult students in Arizona. Using a previously existing audio teleconferencing system owned by Rio Salado Community College in Phoenix, Arizona, project staff developed a series of credit and noncredit teleconferencing…

  3. 76 FR 27246 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310-203, -204, -222, -304, -322, and -324 Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-11

    ... tail plane cut-out located in the tail cone is subject to an inspection programme * * *. * * * * * The unsafe condition is reduced structural integrity of the tail cone. We are issuing this AD to require... in the tail cone is subject to an inspection programme specified in the Airbus Service Bulletin (SB...

  4. 75 FR 32266 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 Series Airplanes; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-08

    ... Register on February 25, 2010 (75 FR 8549). That NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe condition for the... Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3. Will not have a...

  5. 75 FR 38061 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600 Series Airplanes; Model A300 B4-600R Series...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-01

    ... reinforcement of the junction of frame bases at FR48, FR49 and FR51 to FR53 is necessary to enable the aircraft... (42 500 FC ), it has been concluded that a reinforcement of the junction of frame bases at FR48, FR49... above, this AD requires the reinforcement of the affected junction of frame bases. Required...

  6. 75 FR 61975 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600 Series Airplanes, Model A300 B4-600R Series...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-07

    ... a reinforcement of the junction of frame bases at FR48, FR49 and FR51 to FR53 is necessary to enable... (42,500 FC ), it has been concluded that a reinforcement of the junction of frame bases at FR48, FR49... above, this AD requires the reinforcement of the affected junction of frame bases. Required...

  7. 75 FR 11435 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-2C, B4-103, and B4-203 Airplanes; and Model A300...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-11

    ... routine inspection, the Right Hand frame 40 forward fitting between stringer 32 and stringer 33 was found... structural integrity of the frame. * * * * * We are issuing this AD to require actions to correct the unsafe... Right Hand frame 40 forward fitting between stringer 32 and stringer 33 was found cracked. The...

  8. 75 FR 28480 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 Series Airplanes; Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, F4-600R...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-21

    ... situation, if not corrected, can cause hydraulic system functional degradation, possibly resulting in... type design specifications. This situation, if not corrected, can cause hydraulic system functional... conditioning system was contaminated with hydraulic mist. The leakage of the check valves was caused by...

  9. 15 CFR 8a.220 - Admissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... vocational education, professional education, graduate higher education, and public institutions of undergraduate higher education. (e) Public institutions of undergraduate higher education. §§ 8a.300 through 8a.310 do not apply to any public institution of undergraduate higher education that traditionally...

  10. 15 CFR 8a.220 - Admissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... vocational education, professional education, graduate higher education, and public institutions of undergraduate higher education. (e) Public institutions of undergraduate higher education. §§ 8a.300 through 8a.310 do not apply to any public institution of undergraduate higher education that traditionally...

  11. 15 CFR 8a.220 - Admissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... vocational education, professional education, graduate higher education, and public institutions of undergraduate higher education. (e) Public institutions of undergraduate higher education. §§ 8a.300 through 8a.310 do not apply to any public institution of undergraduate higher education that traditionally...

  12. 15 CFR 8a.220 - Admissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... vocational education, professional education, graduate higher education, and public institutions of undergraduate higher education. (e) Public institutions of undergraduate higher education. §§ 8a.300 through 8a.310 do not apply to any public institution of undergraduate higher education that traditionally...

  13. 15 CFR 8a.225 - Educational institutions eligible to submit transition plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Educational institutions eligible to... FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Coverage § 8a.225 Educational institutions eligible to submit transition plans. (a) Application. This section applies to each educational institution to which §§ 8a.300 through 8a.310 apply...

  14. 15 CFR 8a.225 - Educational institutions eligible to submit transition plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Educational institutions eligible to... FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Coverage § 8a.225 Educational institutions eligible to submit transition plans. (a) Application. This section applies to each educational institution to which §§ 8a.300 through 8a.310 apply...

  15. 15 CFR 8a.225 - Educational institutions eligible to submit transition plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Educational institutions eligible to... FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Coverage § 8a.225 Educational institutions eligible to submit transition plans. (a) Application. This section applies to each educational institution to which §§ 8a.300 through 8a.310 apply...

  16. 15 CFR 8a.225 - Educational institutions eligible to submit transition plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Educational institutions eligible to... FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Coverage § 8a.225 Educational institutions eligible to submit transition plans. (a) Application. This section applies to each educational institution to which §§ 8a.300 through 8a.310 apply...

  17. 15 CFR 8a.225 - Educational institutions eligible to submit transition plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Educational institutions eligible to... FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Coverage § 8a.225 Educational institutions eligible to submit transition plans. (a) Application. This section applies to each educational institution to which §§ 8a.300 through 8a.310 apply...

  18. A 300-million-year record of atmospheric carbon dioxide from fossil plant cuticles.

    PubMed

    Retallack, G J

    2001-05-17

    To understand better the link between atmospheric CO2 concentrations and climate over geological time, records of past CO2 are reconstructed from geochemical proxies. Although these records have provided us with a broad picture of CO2 variation throughout the Phanerozoic eon (the past 544 Myr), inconsistencies and gaps remain that still need to be resolved. Here I present a continuous 300-Myr record of stomatal abundance from fossil leaves of four genera of plants that are closely related to the present-day Ginkgo tree. Using the known relationship between leaf stomatal abundance and growing season CO2 concentrations, I reconstruct past atmospheric CO2 concentrations. For the past 300 Myr, only two intervals of low CO2 (<1,000 p.p.m.v.) are inferred, both of which coincide with known ice ages in Neogene (1-8 Myr) and early Permian (275-290 Myr) times. But for most of the Mesozoic era (65-250 Myr), CO2 levels were high (1,000-2,000 p.p.m.v.), with transient excursions to even higher CO2 (>2,000 p.p.m.v.) concentrations. These results are consistent with some reconstructions of past CO2 (refs 1, 2) and palaeotemperature records, but suggest that CO2 reconstructions based on carbon isotope proxies may be compromised by episodic outbursts of isotopically light methane. These results support the role of water vapour, methane and CO2 in greenhouse climate warming over the past 300 Myr.

  19. Early evolution of limb regeneration in tetrapods: evidence from a 300-million-year-old amphibian.

    PubMed

    Fröbisch, Nadia B; Bickelmann, Constanze; Witzmann, Florian

    2014-11-07

    Salamanders are the only tetrapods capable of fully regenerating their limbs throughout their entire lives. Much data on the underlying molecular mechanisms of limb regeneration have been gathered in recent years allowing for new comparative studies between salamanders and other tetrapods that lack this unique regenerative potential. By contrast, the evolution of animal regeneration just recently shifted back into focus, despite being highly relevant for research designs aiming to unravel the factors allowing for limb regeneration. We show that the 300-million-year-old temnospondyl amphibian Micromelerpeton, a distant relative of modern amphibians, was already capable of regenerating its limbs. A number of exceptionally well-preserved specimens from fossil deposits show a unique pattern and combination of abnormalities in their limbs that is distinctive of irregular regenerative activity in modern salamanders and does not occur as variants of normal limb development. This demonstrates that the capacity to regenerate limbs is not a derived feature of modern salamanders, but may be an ancient feature of non-amniote tetrapods and possibly even shared by all bony fish. The finding provides a new framework for understanding the evolution of regenerative capacity of paired appendages in vertebrates in the search for conserved versus derived molecular mechanisms of limb regeneration.

  20. Heat Transfer Coefficient Distribution in the Furnace of a 300MWe CFB Boiler

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, P.; Lu, J. F.; Yang, H. R.; Zhang, J. S.; Zhang, H.; Yue, G. X.

    Properly understanding and calculating the distributions of heat flux and heat transfer coefficient (α) in the furnace is important in designing a circulating fluidized bed (CFB) boiler, especially with supercritical parameters. Experimental study on the heat transfer in a commercial 300MWe CFB boiler was conducted. The α from the bed to the water wall was measured by the finite element method (FEM), at five different heights. The influence of suspension density and bed temperature on α was analyzed. It was found that the pressure difference between the inlet and exit of the three cyclones, and the chamber pressure of the corresponding loop seal were not equal. The results indicated the suspension solid density was non-uniform in the cross section at a certain height. Consequently, the distributions of heat flux and α in the horizontal plane in the furnace was non-uniform. The furnace can divided into three sections according to the arrangement of the platen superheaters hanging in the upper CFB furnace. In each section, the heat flux near the center showed increasing trend.

  1. A 300-year Vietnam hydroclimate and ENSO variability record reconstructed from tree ring δ18O

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sano, Masaki; Xu, Chenxi; Nakatsuka, Takeshi

    2012-06-01

    A tree ring δ18O chronology is developed for the past 300 years (1705-2004) using 6 cypress trees from northern Vietnam to reconstruct long-term hydroclimatic variations in the summer monsoon season. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first well-replicated tree ringδ18O chronology from Southeast Asia, as well as the longest yet produced. Response analyses reveal that tree ring δ18O is significantly correlated with temperature, precipitation, and the Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) during the period May-October, with highest correlation to the PDSI. Our δ18O chronology accounts for 44% of the PDSI variance, and is in good agreement with a 52-year tree ringδ18O chronology from northern Laos (r = 0.77), indicating that regional hydroclimatic signals are well recorded in the δ18O data. Spatial correlation analyses with global sea surface temperatures suggest that the tropical Pacific plays an important role in modulating hydroclimate over the study region. Further, the δ18O chronology correlates significantly with El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO)-related indices, and is therefore used to reconstruct the annual Multivariate ENSO Index. Because previously published ENSO reconstructions are based mainly on proxy records originating from North America and/or the tropical Pacific, the future development of a tree ringδ18O network from mainland Southeast Asia could lead to an independent and more robust reconstruction of ENSO variability.

  2. Performance results of a 300-degree linear phase modulator for spaceborne communications applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mysoor, N. R.; Mueller, R. O.

    1993-01-01

    A phase modulator capable of large linear phase deviation, low loss, and wide band operation with good thermal stability was developed for deep space spacecraft transponder (DST) applications at X-band (8.415 GHz) and Ka-band (32 GHz) downlinks. The design uses a two-stage circulator-coupled reflection phase shifter with constant gamma hyperabrupt varactors and an efficient modulator driver circuit to obtain a phase deviation of +/-2.5 rad with better than 8 percent linearity. The measured insertion loss is 6.6 dB +/- 0.35 dB at 8415 MHz. Measured carrier and relative sideband amplitudes resulting from phase modulation by sine wave and square modulating functions agree well with the predicted results.

  3. Design and Integration of Hydrostatic Transmission in a 300-HP Marine Corps Amphibious Vehicle

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-03-01

    EFFICIENCY IS A FUNCION OF MOTOR OUTPUT SPEED AND APPLIED TORQUE AT VARIOUS ENGINE 49 INPUT SPEEDS ........ .............................. 70 FIGURE...given as Desired Temporary Total Temporary Total Engine Hig equired (High \\/kequiredSpeed = 1100 rpm + (.3666) Motor) (84) Engine) (.00l85) MotorA Engine...driver of component or system failures. An additional constraint is that the system would be designed in such a manner that would allow manual

  4. A 300-year history of Pacific Northwest windstorms inferred from tree rings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Knapp, Paul A.; Hadley, Keith S.

    2012-07-01

    Hurricane-force winds are frequently allied with mid-latitude cyclones yet little is known about their historical timing and geographic extent over multiple centuries. This research addresses these issues by extending the historical record of major mid-latitude windstorms along North America's Pacific Northwest (PNW) coast using tree-ring data collected from old-growth (> 350 years), wind-snapped trees sampled at seven coastal sites in Oregon, USA. Our objectives were to: 1) characterize historical windstorm regimes; 2) determine the relationship between high-wind events (HWEs) and phases of the PDO, ENSO and NPI; and 3) test the hypothesis that PNW HWEs have migrated northward. We based our study on the identification of tree-growth anomalies resulting from windstorm-induced canopy changes corresponding to documented (1880-2003) and projected HWEs (1701-1880). Our methods identified all major windstorm events recorded since the late 1800s and confirmed that variations in coastal tree-growth are weakly related to temperature, precipitation, and drought, but are significantly related to peak wind speeds. These results suggest wind-induced changes in canopy conditions control tree growth at all sites. Comparisons between the tree-ring record and the PDO, NPI, and ENSO revealed a significant positive correlation between HWEs and neutral to warm PDO conditions and a slightly weaker correlation with the NPI. ENSO events were not significantly related to the occurrence of HWEs. Latitudinal groupings of our sites revealed a gradual and non-significant northerly shift of HWEs until the late 19th century followed by a significant northward shift during the past 120 years. These results mark the application of dendroanemology as a method for characterizing windstorm regimes for multiple centuries.

  5. Skull and brain of a 300-million-year-old chimaeroid fish revealed by synchrotron holotomography.

    PubMed

    Pradel, Alan; Langer, Max; Maisey, John G; Geffard-Kuriyama, Didier; Cloetens, Peter; Janvier, Philippe; Tafforeau, Paul

    2009-03-31

    Living cartilaginous fishes, or chondrichthyans, include numerous elasmobranch (sharks and rays) species but only few chimaeroid (ratfish) species. The early history of chimaeroids, or holocephalans, and the modalities of their divergence from elasmobranchs are much debated. During Carboniferous times, 358-300 million years (Myr) ago, they underwent a remarkable evolutionary radiation, with some odd and poorly understood forms, including the enigmatic iniopterygians that were known until now from poorly informative flattened impressions. Here, we report iniopterygian skulls found preserved in 3 dimensions in approximately 300-Myr-old concretions from Oklahoma and Kansas. The study was performed by using conventional X-ray microtomography (muCT), as well as absorption-based synchrotron microtomography (SR-muCT) [Tafforeau P, et al. (2006) Applications of X-ray synchrotron microtomography for non-destructive 3D studies of paleontological specimens. Appl Phys A 83:95-202] and a new holotomographic approach [Guigay P, Langer M, Boistel R, Cloetens P (2007) Mixed transfer function and transport of intensity approach for phase retrieval in the Fresnel region. Opt Lett 32:1617-1619], which revealed their peculiar anatomy. Iniopterygians also share unique characters with living chimaeroids, suggesting that the key chimaeroid skull features were already established 300 Myr ago. Moreover, SR-muCT of an articulated skull revealed a strikingly brain-shaped structure inside the endocranial cavity, which seems to be an exceptional case of soft-tissue mineralization of the brain, presumably as a result of microbially induced postmortem phosphatization. This was imaged with exceptional accuracy by using holotomography, which demonstrates its great potential to image preserved soft parts in dense fossils.

  6. Mineralized rods and cones suggest colour vision in a 300 Myr-old fossil fish.

    PubMed

    Tanaka, Gengo; Parker, Andrew R; Hasegawa, Yoshikazu; Siveter, David J; Yamamoto, Ryoichi; Miyashita, Kiyoshi; Takahashi, Yuichi; Ito, Shosuke; Wakamatsu, Kazumasa; Mukuda, Takao; Matsuura, Marie; Tomikawa, Ko; Furutani, Masumi; Suzuki, Kayo; Maeda, Haruyoshi

    2014-12-23

    Vision, which consists of an optical system, receptors and image-processing capacity, has existed for at least 520 Myr. Except for the optical system, as in the calcified lenses of trilobite and ostracod arthropods, other parts of the visual system are not usually preserved in the fossil record, because the soft tissue of the eye and the brain decay rapidly after death, such as within 64 days and 11 days, respectively. The Upper Carboniferous Hamilton Formation (300 Myr) in Kansas, USA, yields exceptionally well-preserved animal fossils in an estuarine depositional setting. Here we show that the original colour, shape and putative presence of eumelanin have been preserved in the acanthodii fish Acanthodes bridgei. We also report on the tissues of its eye, which provides the first record of mineralized rods and cones in a fossil and indicates that this 300 Myr-old fish likely possessed colour vision.

  7. 75 FR 52652 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 Series Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-27

    ... jam the THSA, indicating the failure of the PLP. Tests carried out under the loads-measured during representative flights have demonstrated that, when the SLP is engaged, it does not systematically jam the THSA... case of PLP failure. Following the design intent, engagement of the SLP leads to jam the...

  8. Design and Integration of an Electric Transmission in a 300-hp Marine Corps Amphibious Vehicle,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-04-01

    first orifice discharges a jet of oil into the rotating diode heal sink area to remove heat from the diodes and then to spray and cool the exciler...greased with DuPont Krytox AC high temperature grease. The combined weight of the auxiliary bearing’ outer race support, indicator circuit and

  9. Process characteristics and design methods for a 300 deg quad OP amp

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Beasom, J. D.; Patterson, R. B., III

    1981-01-01

    The results of process characterization, circuit design, and reliability studies for the development of a quad OP amplifier intended for use up to 300 C are presented. A dielectrically isolated complementary vertical bipolar process was chosen to fabricate the amplifier in order to eliminate isolation leakage and the possibility of latch up. Characterization of NPN and PNP junctions showed them to be suitable for use up to 300 C. Interconnect reliability was predicted to be greater than four years mean time between failure. Parasitic MOS formation was eliminated by isolation of each device.

  10. UNAM Scientific Drilling Program of Chicxulub Impact Structure-Evidence for a 300 kilometer crater diameter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Urrutia-Fucugauchi, J.; Marin, L.; Trejo-Garcia, A.

    As part of the UNAM drilling program at the Chicxulub structure, two 700 m deep continuously cored boreholes were completed between April and July, 1995. The Peto UNAM-6 and Tekax UNAM-7 drilling sites are ˜150 km and 125 km, respectively, SSE of Chicxulub Puerto, near the crater's center. Core samples from both sites show a sequence of post-crater carbonates on top of a thick impact breccia pile covering the disturbed Mesozoic platform rocks. At UNAM-7, two impact breccia units were encountered: (1) an upper breccia, mean magnetic susceptibility is high (˜55 × 10-6 SI units), indicating a large component of silicate basement has been incorporated into this breccia, and (2) an evaporite-rich, low susceptibility impact breccia similar in character to the evaporite-rich breccias observed at the PEMEX drill sites further out. The upper breccia was encountered at ˜226 m below the surface and is ˜125 m thick; the lower breccia is immediately subjacent and is >240 m thick. This two-breccia sequence is typical of the suevite-Bunte breccia sequence found within other well preserved impact craters. The suevitic upper unit is not present at UNAM-6. Instead, a >240 m thick evaporite-rich breccia unit, similar to the lower breccia at UNAM-7, was encountered at a depth of ˜280 m. The absence of an upper breccia equivalent at UNAM-6 suggests some portion of the breccia sequence has been removed by erosion. This is consistent with interpretations that place the high-standing crater rim at 130-150 km from the center. Consequently, the stratigraphic observations and magnetic susceptibiity records on the upper and lower breccias (depth and thickness) support a ˜300 km diameter crater model.

  11. Engineering and erection of a 300kW high-flux solar simulator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wieghardt, Kai; Laaber, Dmitrij; Hilger, Patrick; Dohmen, Volkmar; Funken, Karl-Heinz; Hoffschmidt, Bernhard

    2017-06-01

    German Aerospace Center (DLR) is currently constructing a new high-flux solar simulator synlight which shall be commissioned in late 2016. The new facility will provide three separately operated experimental spaces with expected radiant powers of about 300kW / 240kW / 240kW respectively. synlight was presented to the public for the first time at SolarPACES 2015 [1]. Its engineering and erection is running according to plan. The current presentation reports about the engineering and the ongoing erection of the novel facility, and gives an outlook on its new level of possibilities for solar testing and qualification.

  12. Performance results of a 300-deg linear phase modulator for spaceborne communications applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mysoor, Narayan R.; Mueller, Robert O.

    1993-01-01

    A phase modulator capable of large linear phase deviation, low loss, and wide band operation with good thermal stability was developed for deep space spacecraft transponder (DST) applications at X-band (8.415 GHz) and Ka-band (32 GHz) downlinks. The design uses a two-stage circulator-coupled reflection phase shifter with constant gamma hyperabrupt varactors and an efficient modulator driver circuit to obtain a phase deviation of +/- 2.5 rad with better than 8 percent linearity. The measured insertion loss is 6.6 dB +/- 0.35 dB at 8415 MHz. Measured carrier and relative sideband amplitudes resulting from phase modulation by sine wave and square modulating functions agree well with the predicted results.

  13. High Energy IED measurements with MEMs based Si grid technology inside a 300mm Si wafer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Funk, Merritt

    2012-10-01

    The measurement of ion energy at the wafer surface for commercial equipment and process development without extensive modification of the reactor geometry has been an industry challenge. High energy, wide frequency range, process gases tolerant, contamination free and accurate ion energy measurements are the base requirements. In this work we will report on the complete system developed to achieve the base requirements. The system includes: a reusable silicon ion energy analyzer (IEA) wafer, signal feed through, RF confinement, and high voltage measurement and control. The IEA wafer design required carful understanding of the relationships between the plasma Debye length, the number of grids, intergrid charge exchange (spacing), capacitive coupling, materials, and dielectric flash over constraints. RF confinement with measurement transparency was addressed so as not to disturb the chamber plasma, wafer sheath and DC self-bias as well as to achieve spectral accuracy The experimental results were collected using a commercial parallel plate etcher powered by a dual frequency (VHF + LF). Modeling and Simulations also confirmed the details captured in the IED.

  14. H at a 300 GeV e e/sup /minus// collider

    SciTech Connect

    Grosse-Wiesmann, P.

    1988-12-01

    In the mass range from 80--180 GeV, no simple strategy for a detection of the H presently exists. Here we investigate the reaction e e/sup /minus// HZ at a center-of-mass energy of 300 GeV. We calculate the necessary luminosity to observe the H in the missing mass distribution of the Z l + l/sup /minus//. Possibilities for realizing an e e/sup /minus// collider with sufficient luminosity at such energies are investigated. In particular, the possibility of colliding an electron linear accelerator with a positron storage ring is discussed. 19 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

  15. Skull and brain of a 300-million-year-old chimaeroid fish revealed by synchrotron holotomography

    PubMed Central

    Pradel, Alan; Langer, Max; Maisey, John G.; Geffard-Kuriyama, Didier; Cloetens, Peter; Janvier, Philippe; Tafforeau, Paul

    2009-01-01

    Living cartilaginous fishes, or chondrichthyans, include numerous elasmobranch (sharks and rays) species but only few chimaeroid (ratfish) species. The early history of chimaeroids, or holocephalans, and the modalities of their divergence from elasmobranchs are much debated. During Carboniferous times, 358–300 million years (Myr) ago, they underwent a remarkable evolutionary radiation, with some odd and poorly understood forms, including the enigmatic iniopterygians that were known until now from poorly informative flattened impressions. Here, we report iniopterygian skulls found preserved in 3 dimensions in ≈300-Myr-old concretions from Oklahoma and Kansas. The study was performed by using conventional X-ray microtomography (μCT), as well as absorption-based synchrotron microtomography (SR-μCT) [Tafforeau P, et al. (2006) Applications of X-ray synchrotron microtomography for non-destructive 3D studies of paleontological specimens. Appl Phys A 83:95–202] and a new holotomographic approach [Guigay P, Langer M, Boistel R, Cloetens P (2007) Mixed transfer function and transport of intensity approach for phase retrieval in the Fresnel region. Opt Lett 32:1617–1619], which revealed their peculiar anatomy. Iniopterygians also share unique characters with living chimaeroids, suggesting that the key chimaeroid skull features were already established 300 Myr ago. Moreover, SR-μCT of an articulated skull revealed a strikingly brain-shaped structure inside the endocranial cavity, which seems to be an exceptional case of soft-tissue mineralization of the brain, presumably as a result of microbially induced postmortem phosphatization. This was imaged with exceptional accuracy by using holotomography, which demonstrates its great potential to image preserved soft parts in dense fossils. PMID:19273859

  16. A 300-million-year record of atmospheric carbon dioxide from fossil plant cuticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Retallack, Gregory J.

    2001-05-01

    To understand better the link between atmospheric CO2 concentrations and climate over geological time, records of past CO2 are reconstructed from geochemical proxies. Although these records have provided us with a broad picture of CO2 variation throughout the Phanerozoic eon (the past 544Myr), inconsistencies and gaps remain that still need to be resolved. Here I present a continuous 300-Myr record of stomatal abundance from fossil leaves of four genera of plants that are closely related to the present-day Ginkgo tree. Using the known relationship between leaf stomatal abundance and growing season CO2 concentrations, I reconstruct past atmospheric CO2 concentrations. For the past 300Myr, only two intervals of low CO2 (<1,000p.p.m.v.) are inferred, both of which coincide with known ice ages in Neogene (1-8Myr) and early Permian (275-290Myr) times. But for most of the Mesozoic era (65-250Myr), CO2 levels were high (1,000-2,000p.p.m.v.), with transient excursions to even higher CO2 (>2,000p.p.m.v.) concentrations. These results are consistent with some reconstructions of past CO2 (refs 1, 2) and palaeotemperature records, but suggest that CO2 reconstructions based on carbon isotope proxies may be compromised by episodic outbursts of isotopically light methane. These results support the role of water vapour, methane and CO2 in greenhouse climate warming over the past 300Myr.

  17. Performance of a 300 Mbps 1:16 serial/parallel optoelectronic receiver module

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Richard, M. A.; Claspy, P. C.; Bhasin, K. B.; Bendett, M. P.

    1990-01-01

    Optical interconnects are being considered for the high speed distribution of multiplexed control signals in GaAs MMIC-based phased array antennas. This paper describes the performance of a hybrid GaAs optoelectronic integrated circuit (OEIC), along with a description of its design and fabrication. The OEIC converts a 16-bit serial optical input to a 16 parallel line electrical output using an on-board 1:16 demultiplexer and operates at data rates as high as 305 Mbps. The performance characteristics as well as potential applications of the device are presented.

  18. Performance of a 300 Mbps 1:16 serial/parallel optoelectronic receiver module

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Richard, M. A.; Claspy, P. C.; Bhasin, K. B.; Bendett, M. B.

    1990-01-01

    Optical interconnects are being considered for the high speed distribution of multiplexed control signals in GaAs monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC) based phased array antennas. The performance of a hybrid GaAs optoelectronic integrated circuit (OEIC) is described, as well as its design and fabrication. The OEIC converts a 16-bit serial optical input to a 16 parallel line electrical output using an on-board 1:16 demultiplexer and operates at data rates as high as 30b Mbps. The performance characteristics and potential applications of the device are presented.

  19. A Quick and Handy Guide to Educational Mentoring. A Product of a 310 Special Demonstration Training Project 1982-83, "Training Mentors as Educational Counselors of Adult Learners."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singer, Elizabeth

    Developed in two training sessions involving key personnel from business, industry, and community agencies who counsel employees or clients about career changes, this handbook is intended to help persons who are responsible for guiding adults through educational or career changes. The guide is organized into 11 sections. Topics covered by these…

  20. Building Self-Esteem and Confidence of Substance Abusers through Adult Basic Education. A 310 Special Demonstration Report. September 1, 1986 to June 30, 1987.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erie City School District, PA.

    A project was conducted at Crossroads Drug and Alcohol Rehabilitation Center (Erie, Pennsylvania) to help residents build self-esteem and confidence through a course involving decision making, problem solving, and values clarification. Strategies, academic skills, reading, writing, and mathematics were introduced as part of the program. Over the…

  1. Cottage Crafts Final Report. ESL Cottage Industry Education and Employment Program. July 1, 1982 - June 30, 1983. A 310 Adult Education Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henry, Jean; And Others

    The ESL (English as a second language) Cottage Industry Education and Employment Program was developed to provide ESL and life skills instruction to homebound and elderly refugees while, at the same time, fostering the continuation of native crafts and folklife. The program was the cooperative effort of local adult education staff, leaders and…

  2. Cottage Crafts Final Report. ESL Cottage Industry Education and Employment Program. July 1, 1982 - June 30, 1983. A 310 Adult Education Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henry, Jean; And Others

    The ESL (English as a second language) Cottage Industry Education and Employment Program was developed to provide ESL and life skills instruction to homebound and elderly refugees while, at the same time, fostering the continuation of native crafts and folklife. The program was the cooperative effort of local adult education staff, leaders and…

  3. The Boeing 767 Program: A Case Study of Issues Related to Success in Managing an International Cooperative Project

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-09-01

    38 percent, British Aerospace (United Kingdom) 20 percent, and Construcciones Aeronauticas (Spain) 4 percent. Airbus is a French consortium which...Deutsche Air- bus, 26 percent for British Aerospace and 6 percent for Construcciones Aeronauticas (16:56). The A300 and A310 are currently in production and...commuter transport. The codevelopment partners are Construcciones Aeronauticas (Spain) and P. T. Nurtanio (Indonesia). "Engineering and manufacturing

  4. First test of a high voltage feedthrough for liquid Argon TPCs connected to a 300 kV power supply

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cantini, C.; Gendotti, A.; Molina Bueno, L.; Murphy, S.; Radics, B.; Regenfus, C.; Rigaut, Y.-A.; Rubbia, A.; Sergiampietri, F.; Viant, T.; Wu, S.

    2017-03-01

    Voltages above a hundred kilo-volt will be required to generate the drift field of future very large liquid Argon Time Projection Chambers. One of the most delicate component is the feedthrough whose role is to safely deliver the very high voltage to the cathode through the thick insulating walls of the cryostat without compromising the purity of the argon inside. This requires a feedthrough that is typically meters long and carefully designed to be vacuum tight and have small heat input. Furthermore, all materials should be carefully chosen to allow operation in cryogenic conditions. In addition, electric fields in liquid argon should be kept below a threshold to reduce risks of discharges. The combination of all above requirements represents significant challenges from the design and manufacturing perspective. In this paper, we report on the successful operation of a feedthrough satisfying all the above requirements. The details of the feedthrough design and its manufacturing steps are provided. Very high voltages up to unprecedented voltages of ‑300 kV could be applied during long periods repeatedly. A source of instability was observed, which was specific to the setup configuration which was used for the test and not due to the feedthrough itself.

  5. Facies and diagenesis of upper Tertiary-Pleistocene platform carbonates in a 300m borehole, southern Ambergris Caye, Belize

    SciTech Connect

    Burtnett, C.A. )

    1996-01-01

    Well cuttings from an [approx]300 m-deep borehole drilled by the Belize government on Ambergris Caye were examined for inferred depositional environments, mineralogy, and stable oxygen-carbon isotopic compositions. The recovered section composes carbonates of the Barton Creek and ( )Sand Hill Formations, presumably of upper-most Tertiary to Pleistocene age. Location of the wellbore to the west of the exposed Pleistocene and superposed Holocene platform margin reef suggests continuous platform deposition. Comparison to modem facies indicates that the entire section is, in fact, mostly outer-shelf reef and immediate back-reef facies. Four unconformities are recognized in the upper 150 m of section on the basis of microbreccias and calcretes, and they truncate stacked, shallowing-upward cycles within the section. Depleted [delta][sup 18]O and [delta][sup 13]C compositions of whole-rock samples from the upper 150 m, which are highly porous and LMC-dominated, range from -2.5 to -5 [per thousand] and -3 to -7 [per thousand] (PDB), respectively. Unconformities are therefore believed to be subaerial exposure surfaces. Dolomite (replacive and cement) occurs below 150 m within HMC-dominated limestones that also contain aragonite. Dolomite generally increases with depth from 8-28%, its composition varies from Ca[sub 51-57], and its mean isotopic composition is [delta][sup 18]O = 3.2 [per thousand] and [delta][sup 13]C = 2.5 o/oo. There are no depth-related trends in dolomite stoichiometry or isotopic composition. Although the timing and site of dolomitization are not known, available data suggest formation from circulating marine fluids of near-normal composition.

  6. Facies and diagenesis of upper Tertiary-Pleistocene platform carbonates in a 300m borehole, southern Ambergris Caye, Belize

    SciTech Connect

    Burtnett, C.A.

    1996-12-31

    Well cuttings from an {approx}300 m-deep borehole drilled by the Belize government on Ambergris Caye were examined for inferred depositional environments, mineralogy, and stable oxygen-carbon isotopic compositions. The recovered section composes carbonates of the Barton Creek and (?)Sand Hill Formations, presumably of upper-most Tertiary to Pleistocene age. Location of the wellbore to the west of the exposed Pleistocene and superposed Holocene platform margin reef suggests continuous platform deposition. Comparison to modem facies indicates that the entire section is, in fact, mostly outer-shelf reef and immediate back-reef facies. Four unconformities are recognized in the upper 150 m of section on the basis of microbreccias and calcretes, and they truncate stacked, shallowing-upward cycles within the section. Depleted {delta}{sup 18}O and {delta}{sup 13}C compositions of whole-rock samples from the upper 150 m, which are highly porous and LMC-dominated, range from -2.5 to -5 {per_thousand} and -3 to -7 {per_thousand} (PDB), respectively. Unconformities are therefore believed to be subaerial exposure surfaces. Dolomite (replacive and cement) occurs below 150 m within HMC-dominated limestones that also contain aragonite. Dolomite generally increases with depth from 8-28%, its composition varies from Ca{sub 51-57}, and its mean isotopic composition is {delta}{sup 18}O = 3.2 {per_thousand} and {delta}{sup 13}C = 2.5 o/oo. There are no depth-related trends in dolomite stoichiometry or isotopic composition. Although the timing and site of dolomitization are not known, available data suggest formation from circulating marine fluids of near-normal composition.

  7. Postfire changes in forest carbon storage over a 300-year chronosequence of Pinus contorta-dominated forests

    Treesearch

    Daniel M. Kashian; William H. Romme; Daniel B. Tinker; Monica G. Turner; Michael G. Ryan

    2013-01-01

    A warming climate may increase the frequency and severity of stand-replacing wildfires, reducing carbon (C) storage in forest ecosystems. Understanding the variability of postfire C cycling on heterogeneous landscapes is critical for predicting changes in C storage with more frequent disturbance. We measured C pools and fluxes for 77 lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta...

  8. A 300-parsec-long jet-inflated bubble around a powerful microquasar in the galaxy NGC 7793.

    PubMed

    Pakull, Manfred W; Soria, Roberto; Motch, Christian

    2010-07-08

    Black-hole accretion states near or above the Eddington luminosity (the point at which radiation force outwards overcomes gravity) are still poorly known because of the rarity of such sources. Ultraluminous X-ray sources are the most luminous class of black hole (L(X) approximately 10(40) erg s(-1)) located outside the nuclei of active galaxies. They are likely to be accreting at super-Eddington rates, if they are powered by black holes with masses less than 100 solar masses. They are often associated with shock-ionized nebulae, though with no evidence of collimated jets. Microquasars with steady jets are much less luminous. Here we report that the large nebula S26 (ref. 4) in the nearby galaxy NGC 7793 is powered by a black hole with a pair of collimated jets. It is similar to the famous Galactic source SS433 (ref. 5), but twice as large and a few times more powerful. We determine a mechanical power of around a few 10(40) erg s(-1). The jets therefore seem 10(4) times more energetic than the X-ray emission from the core. S26 has the structure of a Fanaroff-Riley type II (FRII-type) active galaxy: X-ray and optical core, X-ray hot spots, radio lobes and an optical and X-ray cocoon. It is a microquasar where most of the jet power is dissipated in thermal particles in the lobes rather than relativistic electrons.

  9. Free-flying experiment to measure the Schawlow-Townes linewidth limit of a 300 THz laser oscillator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Byer, R. L.; Byvik, C. E.

    1988-01-01

    Recent advances in laser diode-pumped solid state laser sources permit the design and testing of laser sources with linewidths that approach the Schawlow-Townes limit of 1 Hz/mW of output power. Laser diode pumped solid state ring oscillators have been operated with CW output power levels of 25 mW at electrical efficiencies that exceed 6 percent. These oscillators are expected to operate for lifetimes that approach those of the laser diode sources which is now approaching 20,000 hours. The efficiency and lifetime of these narrow linewidth laser sources will enable space measurements of gravity waves, remote sensing applications (including local range rate and measurements), and laser sources for frequency and time standards. A free-flight experiment, 'SUNLITE', is being designed to measure the linewidth of this all-solid-state laser system.

  10. Development of a 300W 105/0.15 fiber pigtailed diode module for additive manufacturing applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Hao; Rossi, Giammarco; Braglia, Andrea; Perrone, Guido

    2017-02-01

    The paper reports on the design, manufacturing and preliminary characterization of a new compact and high beam quality multi-emitter laser module able to deliver about 300W in a standard 105/125 fiber with 0.22 numerical aperture but with 95% of power in NA = 0.15. The layout exploits a proprietary architecture and uses a plurality of chips emitting at two different wavelengths combined through spatial, polarization and wavelength multiplexing. Given its small footprint and low ownership costs, the module has been specifically devised as the basic building block of laser sources for metal powder additive manufacturing machines.

  11. A 300m-width sinkhole threatens the stability of the embankment of a saltpan in Jordan, Dead Sea Region

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Closson, Damien; Abou Karaki, Najib; Pasquali, Paolo; Riccardi, Paolo

    2013-04-01

    Since the 1980s, the Dead Sea coastal zone is affected by sinkholes. The dynamic of the salt karst system is attested by a drastic increase of collapse events. The energy available for sub-surface erosion (or cavities genesis) is related to the head difference between the water table and the lake level which drop down at an accelerating rate of more than 1 m/yr. In the region of Ghor Al Haditha, Jordan, the size of the craters increased significantly during the last decade. Up to now, the greatest compound structure observed (association of metric subsidence, decametric sinkholes, and landslides) was about 150-200 m in diameter. End of December 2012, a single circular structure having 250-300 m in diameter was identified within a 10 km x 1.5 km saltpan of the Arab Potash Company. This finding raises questions regarding the origin of the underlying cavity and the capability of prediction of all models developed up to now in Israel and Jordan regarding the Dead Sea sinkholes. The analysis of satellite images of the past shows that the appearance of this unique depression is very recent (probably less than 5 years). Cosmo-SkyMed radar images have been processed to map the associated deformation field. Ground motions attest that the overall diameter could be around 600 m. Currently, this sinkhole is threatening the stability of more than one kilometer of a 12 km long dike holding 90 million m3 of Dead Sea brine. This case study underlines the great fragility of the Dead Sea salt karst and demonstrates the need for the setting up of an early warning system.

  12. Garden soil and house dust as exposure media for lead uptake in the mining village of Stratoni, Greece.

    PubMed

    Argyraki, Ariadne

    2014-08-01

    The relationships between two exposure media, garden soil and house dust, were studied for Pb uptake in Stratoni village in northern Greece, an industrial area of mining and processing of sulphide ore. Lead data for the two media were assessed in terms of total and bioaccessible content, measurement and geochemical variability, and mineralogical composition. It was found that total Pb was enriched in house dust samples by a factor of 2 on average. Total Pb concentration in soil samples had a maximum of 2,040 mg/kg and reached a maximum of 7,000 mg/kg in house dust samples. The estimated variability due to measurement uncertainty was dominated by the sampling process, and the proportion of sampling variance was greater for soil samples, indicating a higher degree of Pb heterogeneity in soil on the given spatial scale of sampling strata. Although the same general spatial trend was observed for both sampling media with decreasing Pb concentration by increasing distance from the ore-processing plant, Pb in dust samples displayed the highest concentrations within a 300-600-m zone from the ore-processing facility. The significant differences which were observed in Pb speciation between the studied media were explained by differences in mineralogical composition of outdoor soil and indoor dust. Lead-enriched Fe and Mn oxides predominated in soil samples while fine galena grains (<10-20 μm diameter) were the major Pb-bearing phase in dust samples. The integrated exposure uptake biokinetic model was used to predict the risk of elevated blood lead levels in children of Stratoni. Model prediction indicated an average probability of 61 % for blood-Pb to exceed 10 μg/dl. The results underline the importance of house dust in risk assessment and highlight the effect of outdoor and indoor conditions on the fate of Pb in the particular environment of Stratoni.

  13. Area Equivalent Method VISICALC (trade name).

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-02-01

    84-8Q 4. Ttie and Subtitle S. Report Date AreaEquvalnt etho onVISC~CFebruary 1984 AreaEquvalet Mtho on ISIALC6. Perform’ 0 gs ,io Cede...9965 A300 .056243 .70843 . 9973 .065947 .40001 .9676 767 .045582 .73509 .9994 .029423 .51749 .9843 A310 .049037 .70737 .9975 .033022 .4913 .9897 BC111...023937 .69715 .9941 737 .17448 .68081 . 9973 .02582 .7414 .9974 DC950 .54058 .58632 .9992 .094585 .6713 .9977 737017 .47652 .58646 .999 .058649 .7154

  14. Magnetostratigraphic results from impact crater Lake El'gygytgyn, northeastern Siberia: a 300 kyr long high-resolution terrestrial palaeoclimatic record from the Arctic

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nowaczyk, N. R.; Minyuk, P.; Melles, M.; Brigham-Grette, J.; Glushkova, O.; Nolan, M.; Lozhkin, A. V.; Stetsenko, T. V.; M. Andersen, P.; Forman, S. L.

    2002-07-01

    A 12.7 m long sedimentary record recovered from Lake El'gygytgyn, located in a meteorite impact crater created 3.6 Ma in Late Cretaceous igneous rocks on Chukotka Peninsula, northeast Siberia, has been analysed for its palaeo- and rock-magnetic properties. Continuous high resolution (1 mm) measurements of magnetic susceptibility yielded successions of pronounced lows and highs. Analyses of the rock-magnetic properties by low and high temperature runs of magnetic susceptibility, determination of hysteresis parameters as well as IRM acquisition experiments, yielded a dominance of PSD (pseudo-single domain) magnetite in intervals of high magnetic susceptibility, whereas, due to selective magnetite dissolution associated with anoxic Lake water and/or pore water conditions during times of enhanced deposition of organic matter, haematite dominates within low susceptibility intervals in terms of mass percentage. Here however, magnetic properties are still dominated by magnetite. Five AMS (accelerator mass spectromentry) 14C ages, eight IRSL (infrared stimulated luminescense) ages together with preliminary pollen data suggest that variations in magnetite content reflect climatic variability of the last ~300 ka with low (high) susceptibilities representing cold (warm) climates. This pattern, caused by a complex system of deposition, preservation or decomposition of organic matter and/or magnetic minerals, in turn can be correlated in detail to global climate archives such as the oxygen isotope records from Greenland ice cores and marine sediments, respectively. Thus, the sedimentary sequence recovered from Lake El'gygytgyn represents the longest continuous terrestrial climate record now available from the Arctic.

  15. 76 FR 6581 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-07

    ... MCAI in the AD docket. The FAA has examined the underlying safety issues involved in fuel tank... history of airplanes subject to those regulations, and existing maintenance practices for fuel tank systems. As a result of those findings, we issued a regulation titled ``Transport Airplane Fuel Tank...

  16. 76 FR 42029 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-18

    ... failure can be caused by bearing migration from the upper attachment gimbal by failure or loss of a...., Washington, DC. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dan Rodina, Aerospace Engineer, International Branch, ANM... failure can be caused by bearing migration from the upper attachment gimbal by failure or loss of...

  17. Role of π -d hybridization in a 300-K organic-magnetic interface: Metal-free phthalocyanine single molecules on a bcc Fe(001) whisker

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamada, T. K.; Yamagishi, Y.; Nakashima, S.; Kitaoka, Y.; Nakamura, K.

    2016-11-01

    The realization of single molecular electronics is considered the next frontier to addressing and sustaining the storage needs of the future. In order to realize a single molecular device working at 300 K, two conditions must be satisfied: first, there must be no molecular diffusion, i.e., robust bonding between molecules and the contacting electrode, and second, stable electronic interface states. In this study, using a combination of 7-K and 300-K ultrahigh vacuum scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy experiments and theoretical ab initio calculations, we investigated the adsorption of π -conjugated metal-free phthalocyanine (Pc) single molecules onto an Fe(001) whisker single crystal along with the resulting electronic interface structures. The Pc/Fe(001) system was found to prevent molecular diffusion even at 300 K, due to strong adsorption as well as the presence of a larger diffusion barrier than that of the Pc/Ag(001) system, in which molecules are known to diffuse at 300 K. The origin of such a robust bonding was studied by recovering the sample local density of states (LDOS) with the normalized (d I /d V )/T curves, where the LDOS peaks are successfully explained by theoretical calculations.

  18. Comparison of the Results of Tests on A300 Aircraft in the RAE 5 Metre and the ONERA F1 Wind Tunnels.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-05-01

    7 - A5 0 lNAodeI n 5 fmVte tMtmn. CM jCL C 0m IFI CLaCD Fig. a8- Firs compee’etw meuwawton on noa in hAwio -oftio. Figs W& O CM C CL L( F156 I...r ibu t t ’ / .. - A y;ala il ( o s. _ ,Dist / Speci ll I | m mma m mmnna mua " d *’-’mmm I ni1N* 3 1 INTRODUCTION Check tests of the performance of...subscript c indicates corrected results, A the aspect ratio and k is a calculated value for the induced drag factor. The third term in the blockage

  19. 76 FR 27242 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-11

    ... holders of type certificates for passenger transport aircraft with either a passenger capacity of 30 or... to the National Aviation Authorities (NAA). Under this regulation, all holders of type certificates for passenger transport aircraft * * * are required to conduct a design review against explosion...

  20. 76 FR 59008 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-23

    ..., -304, -322, -324, and -325 airplanes; certificated in any category; equipped with carbon fiber... inspection required by paragraph (g)(3) of this AD two times at intervals not to exceed 4,500 flight cycles, but not fewer than 4,000 flight cycles from the most recent inspection. (h) For rudders identified in...

  1. 75 FR 49370 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-13

    ...; equipped with carbon fiber reinforced plastic rudders having part numbers and serial numbers listed in... flight cycles, but not fewer than 4,000 flight cycles from the last inspection. (4) In other locations... AD at intervals not to exceed 4,500 flight cycles until permanent restoration is completed. (10) If...

  2. 75 FR 76926 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-10

    ... Illustrated Parts Catalogue (IPC) during a maintenance phase of the Lower Aft Pylon Fairing (LAPF). This... Catalogue (IPC) during a maintenance phase of the Lower Aft Pylon Fairing (LAPF). This condition, if not... against over-length screws that had been installed in accordance with the Illustrated Parts Catalogue...

  3. A 300 Year Surge History of the Drangajökull Ice Cap, Northwest Iceland: Surge Frequency and Little Ice Age Maximum

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brynjolfsson, S.; Schomacker, A.; Ingolfsson, O.; Gudmundsdottir, E. R.

    2014-12-01

    Over the last 300 years, each of the three surge-type outlet glaciers of the Drangajökull ice cap in north-west Iceland has surged 2-4 times. There is valuable historical information available on the surge frequencies since the Little Ice Age (LIA) maximum because of the proximity of the surging outlets, Reykjarfjarðarjökull, Leirufjarðarjökull and Kaldalónsjökull to farms and pastures. We have reconstructed the surge history of the Drangajökull ice cap, based on geomorphological mapping, sedimentary studies and review of historical records. Geomorphological mapping of the glacier forefields revealed twice as many end-moraines than previously recognized. This indicates a higher surge frequency than previously perceived. A clear relationship between the surge frequency and climate cannot be established, however, surges were more frequent during the 19th century and the earliest 20th century compared to the cool 18th century and the warmer late part of the 20th century. We have estimated the magnitude of the LIA maximum surge events by reconstruction of Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) that can be compared with modern DEMs. As reference points for the digital elevation modelling we used the recently mapped lateral moraines and historical information on the exposure timing of nunataks. During the LIA maximum surge events the outlet glaciers extended 3-3.5 km further down-valley than at present. Their ice volumes were at least 2-2.5 km3 greater than after their most recent surges in the beginning of the 21st century.

  4. Ex vivo evaluation of safety and efficacy of vaporization of the prostate using a 300 W high-power laser diode with the wavelength of 980 nm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takada, Junya; Honda, Norihiro; Hazama, Hisanao; Awazu, Kunio

    2014-03-01

    Laser vaporization of the prostate is one of the promising technique for less-invasive treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. However, shorter operative duration and higher hemostatic ability are expected. The wavelength of 980 nm offers a high simultaneous absorption by water and hemoglobin, so that it combines the efficient vaporization with good hemostasis. Therefore, we have evaluated the safety and efficacy of vaporization of the prostate using a recently developed 300 W high-power laser diode with the wavelength of 980 nm. First, validity of bovine prostate tissue as the sample was confirmed by measuring the optical properties of bovine and human prostate tissue using a double integrating sphere optical system. Next, contact and non-contact ex vivo irradiations were performed for various irradiation powers and times, and vaporized and coagulated depths were measured. In the contact irradiation, the vaporized depth at the power of 300 W was significantly deeper than that at the power of 100 W, while the difference was relatively smaller for the coagulated depths at 300 and 100 W. In the non-contact irradiation, coagulation as thick as that in the contact irradiation was observed almost without vaporization. Therefore, it is suggested that the treatment in the contact irradiation using the high-power laser diode can vaporize the prostate more efficiently without increasing the risk of perforation. Hemostasis with the coagulation would be possible in both irradiation methods. To prevent the postoperative perforation, operators need to understand the relationship between the coagulated depth and the irradiation conditions.

  5. Seasonal, synoptic, and diurnal-scale variability of biogeochemical trace gases and O2 from a 300-m tall tower in central Siberia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kozlova, Elena A.; Manning, Andrew C.; Kisilyakhov, Yegor; Seifert, Thomas; Heimann, Martin

    2008-12-01

    We present first results from 19 months of semicontinuous concentration measurements of biogeochemical trace gases (CO2, CO, and CH4) and O2, measured at the Zotino Tall Tower Observatory (ZOTTO) in the boreal forest of central Siberia. We estimated CO2 and O2 seasonal cycle amplitudes of 26.6 ppm and 134 per meg, respectively. An observed west-east gradient of about -7 ppm (in July 2006) between Shetland Islands, Scotland, and ZOTTO reflects summertime continental uptake of CO2 and is consistent with regional modeling studies. We found the oceanic component of the O2 seasonal amplitude (Atmospheric Potential Oxygen, or APO) to be 51 per meg, significantly smaller than the 95 per meg observed at Shetlands, illustrating a strong attenuation of the oceanic O2 signal in the continental interior. Comparison with the Tracer Model 3 (TM3) atmospheric transport model showed good agreement with the observed phasing and seasonal amplitude in CO2; however, the model exhibited greater O2 (43 per meg, 32%) and smaller APO (9 per meg, 18%) amplitudes. This seeming inconsistency in model comparisons between O2 and APO appears to be the result of phasing differences in land and ocean signals observed at ZOTTO, where ocean signals have a significant lag. In the first 2 months of measurements on the fully constructed tower (November and December 2006), we observed several events with clear vertical concentration gradients in all measured species except CO. During "cold events" (below -30°C) in November 2006, we observed large vertical gradients in CO2 (up to 22 ppm), suggesting a strong local source. The same pattern was observed in CH4 concentrations for the same events. Diurnal vertical CO2 gradients in April to May 2007 gave estimates for average nighttime respiration fluxes of 0.04 ± 0.02 mol C m-2 d-1, consistent with earlier eddy covariance measurements in 1999-2000 in the vicinity of the tower.

  6. Compound heterozygous KCNQ1 mutations (A300T/P535T) in a child with sudden unexplained death: Insights into possible molecular mechanisms based on protein modeling.

    PubMed

    Antúnez-Argüelles, Erika; Rojo-Domínguez, Arturo; Arregui-Mena, Ana Leticia; Jacobo-Albavera, Leonor; Márquez, Manlio Fabio; Iturralde-Torres, Pedro; Villarreal-Molina, María Teresa

    2017-09-05

    Sudden death in a child is a devastating event with important medical implications for surviving relatives. Because it may be the first manifestation of unknown inherited cardiac disease, molecular autopsy can be helpful to determine the cause of death and identify at risk family members. The aim of the study was to perform a molecular autopsy in a seven year-old girl with sudden unexplained death, to find evidence supporting the possible pathogenicity of mutations identified in inherited cardiac disease genes, and to clinically and genetically assess first-degree relatives. DNA from the index case was extracted from umbilical cord cells stored at birth, and DNA of first-degree relatives from blood samples. Targeted sequencing was performed using a Haloplex design including 81 cardiogenes. Possible functional consequences of the mutations were analyzed using protein modeling and structural mobility analyses. The child was compound heterozygous for KCNQ1 variants p.Ala300Thr and p.Pro535Thr. Ala300Thr is known to cause long QT syndrome in the homozygous state, while Pro535Thr is novel and of unknown clinical significance. The father and sibling were Ala300Thr heterozygous, and had normal QTc intervals at rest and during exercise. The asymptomatic mother was heterozygous for Pro535Thr, and showed borderline QTc at rest, but prolonged QTc during exercise. Protein modeling predicted that Ala300Thr alters the mobility profile of the Kv7.1 tetramer and Thr535 disrupts a calmodulin-binding site, probably causing co-assembly or trafficking defects of the mutant monomer. Altogether, the evidence strongly suggests that this child was affected with a recessive form of Romano Ward syndrome. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  7. Rapid Sintering of Silica Xerogel Ceramic Derived from Sago Waste Ash Using Sub-millimeter Wave Heating with a 300 GHz CW Gyrotron

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aripin, Haji; Mitsudo, Seitaro; Sudiana, I. Nyoman; Tani, Shinji; Sako, Katsuhide; Fujii, Yutaka; Saito, Teruo; Idehara, Toshitaka; Sabchevski, Sliven

    2011-06-01

    In this paper, we present and discuss experimental results from a microwave sintering of a silica-glass ceramic, produced from a silica xerogel extracted from a sago waste ash. As a radiation source for the microwave heating a sub-millimeter wave gyrotron (Gyrotron FU CW I) with an output frequency of 300 GHz has been used. The powders of silica xerogel have been dry pressed and then sintered at temperatures ranging from 300°C to 1500°C. The influence of the sintering temperature on the technological properties such as porosity and bulk density was studied in detail. Furthermore, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy have been used in order to study the structure of the produced silica glass-ceramics. It has been found that the silica xerogel crystallizes at a temperature of 800°C, which is about 200°C lower than the one observed in the conventional process. The silica xerogel samples sintered by their irradiation with a sub-millimeter wave at 900°C for 18 minutes are fully crystallized into a silica glass-ceramic with a density of about 2.2 g/cm3 and cristobalite as a major crystalline phase. The results obtained in this study allow one to conclude that the microwave sintering with sub-millimeter waves is an appropriate technological process for production of silica glass-ceramics from a silica xerogel and is characterized with such advantages as shorter times of the thermal cycle, lower sintering temperatures and higher quality of the final product.

  8. 76 FR 18960 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-06

    ... wiring in the wing, center, and trim fuel tanks, due to failed P-clips used for retaining the wiring and... design review against explosion risks. The replacement of some types of P-clips and ] improvement of the... 03 * * * and additional work [bonding the fuel jettison system-- blanking plates] on the wing...

  9. 76 FR 19724 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-08

    ... failure can be caused by bearing migration from the upper attachment gimbal by failure or loss of a... migration from the upper attachment gimbal by failure or loss of a retention bolt. In case of failure of the... 13132. This proposed AD would not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the...

  10. Development of a 300°C 3C Fiber Optic Downhole Seismic Receiver Array for Surveying and Monitoring of Geothermal Reservoirs

    SciTech Connect

    Paulsson, Bjorn N.P.

    2016-06-29

    To address the critical site characterization and monitoring needs for Enhance Geothermal Systems (EGS) programs, US Department of Energy (DOE) awarded Paulsson, Inc. in 2011 a contract to design, build and test a high temperature fiber optic based ultra-large bandwidth clamped borehole seismic vector array capable of deploying a large number of 3C sensor pods suitable for deployment into high temperature and high pressure boreholes. Paulsson, Inc. has completed a design or a unique borehole seismic system consisting of a novel drill pipe based deployment system that includes a hydraulic clamping mechanism for the sensor pods, a new sensor pod design and most important – a unique fiber optic seismic vector sensor with technical specifications and capabilities that far exceed the state of the art seismic sensor technologies. These novel technologies were all applied to the new borehole seismic system. In combination these technologies will allow for the deployment of up to 1,000 3C sensor pods in vertical, deviated or horizontal wells. Laboratory tests of the fiber optic seismic vector sensors developed during this project have shown that the new borehole seismic sensor technology is capable of generating outstanding high vector fidelity data with extremely large bandwidth: 0.01 – 6,000 Hz. Field tests have shown that the system can record events at magnitudes much smaller than M-4.0 at frequencies over 2,000 Hz. The sensors have also proved to be about 100 times more sensitive than the regular coil geophones that are used in borehole seismic systems today. The fiber optic seismic sensors have furthermore been qualified to operate at temperatures over 300°C (572°F). The data telemetry fibers used for the seismic vector sensors in the system are also used to simultaneously record Distributed Temperature Sensor (DTS) and Distributed Acoustic Sensor (DAS) data allowing additional value added data to be recorded simultaneously with the seismic vector sensor data.

  11. Physical and dynamical characteristics of a 300 m-deep anticyclonic eddy in the Ligurian Sea (Northwest Mediterranean Sea): Evidence from a multi-platform sampling strategy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Borrione, Ines; Falchetti, Silvia; Alvarez, Alberto

    2016-10-01

    We describe the physical and dynamical characteristics of a mesoscale anticyclonic eddy observed in August 2013 over the shelf-break region of the northeastern sector of the Ligurian Sea, between the northeastern edge of the Northern Current (NC) and the coast. Results derive from a dense dataset of temperature, salinity and current measurements obtained from a multi-platform sampling strategy as well as from a diagnostic simulation with the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) at a horizontal resolution of 1.8 km. Model results are obtained from a strong nudging to observations and, as they are physically balanced, they allow a three-dimensional diagnosis of the dynamics and physical characteristics of the eddy. The eddy is centered around 9.5°E, 43.94°N, about 20 km from the coast, and has a radius of 16 km. It is characterized by low-density waters and penetrates the thermocline down to at least 300 m reflecting the main features of the NC. Horizontal velocities near the surface are around 0.4 m s-1, while at 150 m are still significantly high and close to 0.2 m s-1. Vertical velocities were estimated from model results; absolute values are below 4 m day-1 until depths shallower than 150 m and increase with depth to 15 m day-1. The eddy's presence inverts the northwestwards flow traditionally portrayed in the region determining a southeastwards coastal circulation that replenishes coastal waters with those originating from the NC. We discuss several possible eddy formation mechanisms and suggest that its formation depends on the directionality of the NC when it enters the Ligurian Sea, as a result of the adjustment of the shear and orbital components of the current's relative vorticity.

  12. 75 FR 27956 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-19

    ... complete nose landing gear (NLG) shock absorber bolts failure were reported to the manufacturer. In both... shock absorber was not tolerant to the over- torque, and an inspection plan has been developed to track any NLG shock absorber-to-main barrel attachment bolts status. The proposed AD would require actions...

  13. 75 FR 60611 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-01

    ...: * * * * * Two cases of complete nose landing gear (NLG) shock absorber bolts failure were reported to the... design of the NLG shock absorber was not tolerant to the over-torque, and an inspection plan has been developed to track any NLG shock absorber-to-main barrel attachment bolts status. * * * * * * * * We are...

  14. 76 FR 38069 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-29

    ..., -221, -222, -304, -322, -324, and -325 airplanes; certificated in any category; equipped with carbon fiber reinforced plastic rudders having any part number and serial number listed in Table 1, 2, 3, or...

  15. Structural Analysis of the Right Rear Lug of American Airlines Flight 587

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Raju, Ivatury S.; Glaessgen, Edward H.; Mason, Brian H.; Krishnamurthy, Thiagarajan; Davila, Carlos G.

    2006-01-01

    A detailed finite element analysis of the right rear lug of the American Airlines Flight 587 - Airbus A300-600R was performed as part of the National Transportation Safety Board s failure investigation of the accident that occurred on November 12, 2001. The loads experienced by the right rear lug are evaluated using global models of the vertical tail, local models near the right rear lug, and a global-local analysis procedure. The right rear lug was analyzed using two modeling approaches. In the first approach, solid-shell type modeling is used, and in the second approach, layered-shell type modeling is used. The solid-shell and the layered-shell modeling approaches were used in progressive failure analyses (PFA) to determine the load, mode, and location of failure in the right rear lug under loading representative of an Airbus certification test conducted in 1985 (the 1985-certification test). Both analyses were in excellent agreement with each other on the predicted failure loads, failure mode, and location of failure. The solid-shell type modeling was then used to analyze both a subcomponent test conducted by Airbus in 2003 (the 2003-subcomponent test) and the accident condition. Excellent agreement was observed between the analyses and the observed failures in both cases. The moment, Mx (moment about the fuselage longitudinal axis), has significant effect on the failure load of the lugs. Higher absolute values of Mx give lower failure loads. The predicted load, mode, and location of the failure of the 1985- certification test, 2003-subcomponent test, and the accident condition are in very good agreement. This agreement suggests that the 1985-certification and 2003-subcomponent tests represent the accident condition accurately. The failure mode of the right rear lug for the 1985-certification test, 2003-subcomponent test, and the accident load case is identified as a cleavage-type failure. For the accident case, the predicted failure load for the right rear lug

  16. NASA Structural Analysis Report on the American Airlines Flight 587 Accident - Local Analysis of the Right Rear Lug

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Raju, Ivatury S; Glaessgen, Edward H.; Mason, Brian H; Krishnamurthy, Thiagarajan; Davila, Carlos G

    2005-01-01

    A detailed finite element analysis of the right rear lug of the American Airlines Flight 587 - Airbus A300-600R was performed as part of the National Transportation Safety Board s failure investigation of the accident that occurred on November 12, 2001. The loads experienced by the right rear lug are evaluated using global models of the vertical tail, local models near the right rear lug, and a global-local analysis procedure. The right rear lug was analyzed using two modeling approaches. In the first approach, solid-shell type modeling is used, and in the second approach, layered-shell type modeling is used. The solid-shell and the layered-shell modeling approaches were used in progressive failure analyses (PFA) to determine the load, mode, and location of failure in the right rear lug under loading representative of an Airbus certification test conducted in 1985 (the 1985-certification test). Both analyses were in excellent agreement with each other on the predicted failure loads, failure mode, and location of failure. The solid-shell type modeling was then used to analyze both a subcomponent test conducted by Airbus in 2003 (the 2003-subcomponent test) and the accident condition. Excellent agreement was observed between the analyses and the observed failures in both cases. From the analyses conducted and presented in this paper, the following conclusions were drawn. The moment, Mx (moment about the fuselage longitudinal axis), has significant effect on the failure load of the lugs. Higher absolute values of Mx give lower failure loads. The predicted load, mode, and location of the failure of the 1985-certification test, 2003-subcomponent test, and the accident condition are in very good agreement. This agreement suggests that the 1985-certification and 2003- subcomponent tests represent the accident condition accurately. The failure mode of the right rear lug for the 1985-certification test, 2003-subcomponent test, and the accident load case is identified as a

  17. MEG language lateralization in partial epilepsy using dSPM of auditory event-related fields.

    PubMed

    Raghavan, Manoj; Li, Zhimin; Carlson, Chad; Anderson, Christopher T; Stout, Jeffrey; Sabsevitz, David S; Swanson, Sara J; Binder, Jeffrey R

    2017-08-01

    Methods employed to determine hemispheric language dominance using magnetoencephalography (MEG) have differed significantly across studies in the choice of language-task, the nature of the physiological response studied, recording hardware, and source modeling methods. Our goal was to determine whether an analysis based on distributed source modeling can replicate the results of prior studies that have used dipole-modeling of event-related fields (ERFs) generated by an auditory word-recognition task to determine language dominance in patients with epilepsy. We analyzed data from 45 adult patients with drug-resistant partial epilepsy who performed an auditory word-recognition task during MEG recording and also completed a language fMRI study as part of their evaluation for epilepsy surgery. Source imaging of auditory ERFs was performed using dynamic statistical parametric mapping (dSPM). Language laterality indices (LIs) were calculated for four regions of interest (ROIs) by counting above-threshold activations within a 300-600ms time window after stimulus onset. Language laterality (LL) classifications based on these LIs were compared to the results from fMRI. The most lateralized MEG responses to language stimuli were observed in a parietal region that included the angular and supramarginal gyri (AngSmg). In this region, using a half-maximal threshold, source activations were left dominant in 32 (71%) patients, right dominant in 8 (18%), and symmetric in 5 patients (11%). The best agreement between MEG and fMRI on the ternary classification of regional language dominance into left, right, or symmetric groups was also found at the AngSmg ROI (69%). This was followed by the whole-hemisphere and temporal ROIs (both 62%). The frontal ROI showed the least agreement with fMRI (51%). Gross discordances between MEG and FMRI findings were disproportionately of the type where MEG favored atypical right-hemispheric language in a patient with right-hemispheric seizure origin

  18. 75 FR 16657 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B2-1C, B2K-3C, B2-203, B4-2C, B4-103, and B4-203...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-02

    ... to have induced excessive loads into the gear train, leading to collapse of one bearing on a shaft of...., Washington, DC. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dan Rodina, Aerospace Engineer, International Branch, ANM... induced excessive loads into the gear train, leading to collapse of one bearing on a shaft of the...

  19. 76 FR 24356 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-601, B4-603, B4-605R, C4-605R Variant F, and F4...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-02

    ... forward engine mount. * * * * * The unsafe condition is possible separation of the engine from the engine... separation of the engine from the engine mount during flight. You may obtain further information by examining... regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air...

  20. Comparison of the Micro-g LaCoste gPhone-054 spring gravimeter and the GWR-C026 superconducting gravimeter in Strasbourg (France) using a 300-day time series

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Riccardi, U.; Rosat, S.; Hinderer, J.

    2011-02-01

    We report on the results of a comparative analysis carried out on more than ten months of co-located records collected at the J9 gravity station in Strasbourg (France) with a new generation spring gravimeter, the Micro-g LaCoste, Inc. gPhone-054 and the GWR-C026 superconducting gravimeter (SG-C026). The gPhone is essentially a LaCoste & Romberg, model G meter, but with an improved thermal system (a double oven) for increased temperature stability, which should result in an unprecedented improvement in noise and drift of this mechanical gravimeter. We test the performances of the gPhone-054 in terms of resolution, accuracy, noise level and long-term stability (drift) with respect to the SG-C026. Our comparative analysis is performed in a wide spectral domain, ranging from the body tides to the seismic band. This study confirms that the SG has better performances over the whole analysed spectral band. The gPhone-054 instrumental drift observed during this study still remains a critical point preventing the study of long-term gravity changes. In fact, compared with the SG, the drift is large and even non-linear. We observed a drift rate evolution characterized by a decrease from 50 µGal/day to 15 µGal/day, after about 1 month of operation. This makes it hard to distinguish real-time gravity changes from the instrumental drift. We tried to improve the drift modelling by using frequent absolute gravity (AG) measurements, but unfortunately during that time no significant gravity changes have been detected which would have helped us to discriminate short-term drift excursions from real gravity changes. In terms of noise levels, the gPhone-054 turns out to be about 10 times noisier than the SG-C026 at seismic frequencies, while in the tidal band, it is twice as noisy. In between, at periods ranging from 1 h to 6 h, the gPhone-054 is about 3 times noisier than the SG-C026 but performs slightly better than the Scintrex CG5 in terms of noise level and precision.

  1. 75 FR 74610 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B2-1C, B2K-3C, B2-203, B4-2C, B4-103, and B4-203...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-01

    ... the inspections do not require any special inspection techniques, training, or tooling, and that it... already been done. Repetitive Inspections (g) Perform a detailed inspection and a high-frequency eddy... with a direct source of good lighting at intensity deemed appropriate by the inspector. Inspection...

  2. 78 FR 9359 - Order Renewing Order Temporarily Denying Export Privileges and Making That Temporary Denial of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-08

    ... has continued to evade U.S. export control laws by operating two Airbus A310 aircraft \\6\\ bearing... multiple aircraft in violation of the TDO and the Regulations. The two A310s that bear the tail numbers F... (MSN 23480) bearing the Iranian tail number EP-MNE also remains listed in active operation in...

  3. Line Pilots' Attitudes about and Experience with Flight Deck Automation: Results of an International Survey and Proposed Guidelines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rudisill, Marianne

    1995-01-01

    A survey of line pilots' attitudes about flight deck automation was conducted by the Royal Air Force Institute of Aviation Medicine (RAF IAM, Farnborough, UK) under the sponsorship of the United Kingdom s Civil Aviation Authority and in cooperation with IATA (the International Air Transport Association). Survey freehand comments given by pilots operating 13 types of commercial transports across five manufacturers (Airbus, Boeing, British Aerospace, Lockheed, and McDonnell-Douglas) and 57 air carriers/organizations were analyzed by NASA. These data provide a "lessons learned" knowledge base which may be used for the definition of guidelines for flight deck automation and its associated crew interface within the High Speed Research Program. The aircraft chosen for analysis represented a progression of levels of automation sophistication and complexity, from "Basic" types (e.g., B727, DC9), through "Transition" types (e.g., A300, Concorde), to two levels of glass cockpits (e.g., Glass 1: e.g., A310; Glass 2: e.g., B747-400). This paper reports the results of analyses of comments from pilots flying commercial transport types having the highest level of automation sophistication (B757/B767, B747-400, and A320). Comments were decomposed into five categories relating to: (1) general observations with regard to flight deck automation; comments concerning the (2) design and (3) crew understanding of automation and the crew interface; (4) crew operations with automation; and (5) personal factors affecting crew/automation interaction. The goal of these analyses is to contribute to the definition of guidelines which may be used during design of future aircraft flight decks.

  4. 75 FR 10342 - Petition for Exemption; Summary of Petition Received

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-05

    ... flammability exemption for Model A310 airplanes. This exemption, if granted, would relieve Airbus of the requirement to develop a center fuel tank flammability or reduction means, the associated service...

  5. 77 FR 22756 - Modification of Temporary Denial Order Making Temporary Denial of Export Privileges Applicable to...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-17

    ... A310 aircraft \\3\\ that bears the livery and logo of Mahan Airways and operates on flights into and out... Gay Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21202-4022. A copy of this Order shall be sent to Mahan Air...

  6. Laboratory measurements for the wavelength dependence of the linear polarization with the PROGRA2 instruments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Renard, Jean-Baptiste; Hadamcik, Edith; Levasseur-Regourd, Anny-Chantal; Carrasco, Nathalie; Couté, Benoit; Duverger, Vincent; Guerrini, Vincent

    2017-04-01

    Clouds of solid particles are present in many regions of the Solar System (comets, interplanetary dust cloud, planetary atmospheres). These clouds can be remotely studied by the light they scatter. There is a need for a data base of the light scattered by a large variety of samples at different wavelengths to interpret such measurements. The PROGRA2 instruments are used for this purpose. The PROGRA2 instruments, PROGRA2-VIS and PROGRA2-IR, are imaging polarimeters with a rotating arm to change the phase angle (angle between directions of illumination and observation). They allow to retrieve the complete polarization phase function between 10° and 165°. The light sources are at around 550 and 650 nm for PROGRA2-VIS, and 1000 and 1500 nm for PROGRA2-IR. The detectors are cameras, with a spatial resolution between 20 and 40 micrometers per pixel (PROGRA2-IR uses now new high sensitivity cameras). Measurements are conducted in the laboratory by an air draught technique for grains smaller than about 20 micrometers (which can be included in porous aggregates), and during parabolic flights on-board the A300 ZeroG and now the A310 ZeroG for larger grains; these flights campaigns are funded by the French and European Space Agencies. Hundreds of scattering phase functions have been obtained since 20 years, for a large number of samples (sands, silicon carbide, basalt, volcanic ashes, lunar and Martian simulants, tholins, meteoritic material, black carbon, carbonaceous compounds, …); the main results are available at www.icare.univ-lille1.fr/progra2/. Several samples have been already studied by the two instruments, showing a large diversity of wavelength dependences, from close-to-zero dependence for yellow and ocher sand grains to high dependence for silicon carbide and anthracite grains. These variations should be related to the wavelength dependence of the real and imaginary parts of the refractive index of the particles. We present a summary of the main results of

  7. 78 FR 28159 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-14

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes...: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for certain Airbus Model A300 series airplanes; Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R series airplanes, and Model A300 C4-605R Variant F...

  8. 77 FR 24833 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-26

    .... SUMMARY: We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all Airbus Model A310 series airplanes...-hand main landing gear (MLG) possibly resulting from chafing between the hydraulic high pressure hose... inspection for correct condition and installation of hydraulic pressure hoses, electrical conduits,...

  9. 77 FR 2928 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-20

    ...: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all Airbus Model A310 series airplanes... pressure hose and electrical wiring of the green electrical motor pump (EMP). This proposed AD would... for correct condition and installation of hydraulic pressure hoses, electrical conduits, feeder...

  10. 77 FR 48427 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-14

    ...-209-AD; Amendment 39-17153; AD 2012-16-06] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes... airplanes and Model A310-203, -204, - 221, and -222 airplanes. This AD was prompted by a report of a... loss of the airplane. DATES: This AD becomes effective September 18, 2012. The Director of the...

  11. 77 FR 69391 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-19

    ... before newly calculated fatigue life limits. This proposed AD would require replacing slat extension... proposing this AD to prevent fatigue cracking, which could result in the loss of structural integrity of the... Elements (PSE). As a result, associated fatigue lives will be published in the Airbus A310...

  12. 78 FR 35016 - FFP Project 118, LLC; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted for Filing and Soliciting...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-11

    ...) a 4.16/69 kilo-volt (kV) substation; (6) a 310-foot-long access road to the powerhouse and... notices of intent must meet the requirements of 18 CFR 4.36. Comments, motions to intervene, notices of...

  13. Competency-Based Adult High School Completion Student Services Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singer, Elizabeth; And Others

    Designed as part of a 310 Special Demonstration and Teacher Training Project undertaken at Brevard Community College, this student services guide contains information to assist adult education administrators, counselors, instructors, and office personnel in meeting the needs of students enrolled in adult/community education schools. Primary…

  14. Shape transformation of {hk0}-faceted Pt nanocrystals from a tetrahexahedron into a truncated ditetragonal prism.

    PubMed

    Du, Jia-Huan; Sheng, Tian; Xiao, Chi; Tian, Na; Xiao, Jing; Xie, Ai-Yun; Liu, Shuo; Zhou, Zhi-You; Sun, Shi-Gang

    2017-03-18

    Shape transformation of Pt nanocrystals from a {730}-bounded tetrahexahedron into a {310}-bounded truncated ditetragonal prism was achieved using the electrochemical square-wave potential method. The transformation process and mechanism were revealed. This study provides new insight into the nanocrystal growth habit.

  15. Maximized Gust Loads of a Closed-Loop, Nonlinear Aeroelastic System Using Nonlinear Systems Theory

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Silva, Walter A.

    1999-01-01

    The problem of computing the maximized gust load for a nonlinear, closed-loop aeroelastic aircraft is discusses. The Volterra theory of nonlinear systems is applied in order to define a linearized system that provides a bounds on the response of the nonlinear system of interest. The method is applied to a simplified model of an Airbus A310.

  16. 77 FR 73343 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-10

    ... an uncommanded slide back of the co- pilot seat to the end stop position. This proposed AD would... threat avoidance, an Airbus A310 aeroplane experienced an uncommanded slide back of the co-pilot seat to the end stop position. Investigation revealed that on the affected seat, the disc key inside the...

  17. 77 FR 25930 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-02

    ... before their calculated fatigue lives. This proposed AD would require replacing certain slat extension eccentric bolts with new bolts. We are proposing this AD to prevent fatigue cracking which could result in..., associated fatigue lives will be published in the Airbus A310 Airworthiness Limitations Section (ALS) Part...

  18. 78 FR 14647 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-07

    ... fatigue life limits. This AD requires replacing slat extension eccentric bolts and associated washers with new slat extension eccentric bolts and washers. We are issuing this AD to prevent fatigue cracking... (PSE). As a result, associated fatigue lives will be published in the Airbus A310...

  19. 78 FR 78285 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-26

    ...We propose to supersede airworthiness directive (AD) 2005-23- 08 that applies to certain Airbus Model A300 B4-605R and B4-622R airplanes; Model A300 F4-605R airplanes; and Model A300 C4-605R Variant F airplanes. AD 2005-23-08 required repetitive inspections to detect cracks of certain attachment holes, installation of new fasteners, follow-on inspections or repair if necessary, and......

  20. Numerical simulation of mechanical mixing in high solid anaerobic digester.

    PubMed

    Yu, Liang; Ma, Jingwei; Chen, Shulin

    2011-01-01

    Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) was employed to study mixing performance in high solid anaerobic digester (HSAD) with A-310 impeller and helical ribbon. A mathematical model was constructed to assess flow fields. Good agreement of the model results with experimental data was obtained for the A-310 impeller. A systematic comparison for the interrelationship of power number, flow number and Reynolds number was simulated in a digester with less than 5% TS and 10% TS (total solids). The simulation results suggested a great potential for using the helical ribbon mixer in the mixing of high solids digester. The results also provided quantitative confirmation for minimum power consumption in HSAD and the effect of share rate on bio-structure. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Efficiency testing of a helicopter transmission planetary reduction stage

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Handschuh, R. F.; Rohn, D. A.

    1989-01-01

    A parametric study of the efficiency of a 310-kW (420-hp) helicopter transmission planetary test section (four planets) was performed. The purpose was to determine the planetary contribution to the overall transmission power loss. Test parameters varied were oil flow rate, oil inlet temperature, lubricant type, shaft speed, and applied torque. The measured efficiency over all the test variables ranged from 99.44 to 99.75 percent. These experimental results were compared with other experimental and computational results.

  2. Mesoscopi Detailed Balance Algorithms for Quantum and Classical Turbulence

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-02-01

    the one-dimensional Magnetohydrodynamics-Burgers equations, KdV and nonlinear Schrodinger equations. Generalizing to three dimensions, quantum...Solitons We have investigated quantum unitary algorithms for both the 1D Korteweg-de-Vries and the Nonlinear Schrodinger equations [G. Vahala, J...Yepez and L. Vahala, Phys. Lett. A310, 187- 196 (2003)]. In particular to recover the 1D nonlinear Schrodinger equation for bright solitons

  3. 78 FR 30916 - FFP Project 117, LLC; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted for Filing and Soliciting...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-23

    ...,540 acre-feet; (3) a 310- foot-long, 100-foot-wide intake channel with a 175-foot-long retaining wall...) a 4.16/34.5 kilo-Volt (kV) substation; (7) a 2.2- mile-long access road; (8) a 0.3- mile-long, 34.5..., mail an original and five copies to: Kimberly D. Bose, Secretary, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission...

  4. Utilizing Electron Spin Echo Envelope Modulation To Distinguish between the Local Secondary Structures of an α-Helix and an Amphipathic 310-Helical Peptide.

    PubMed

    Bottorf, Lauren; Rafferty, Sophia; Sahu, Indra D; McCarrick, Robert M; Lorigan, Gary A

    2017-04-13

    Electron spin echo envelope modulation (ESEEM) spectroscopy was used to distinguish between the local secondary structures of an α-helix and a 310-helix. Previously, we have shown that ESEEM spectroscopy in combination with site-directed spin labeling (SDSL) and (2)H-labeled amino acids (i) can probe the local secondary structure of α-helices, resulting in an obvious deuterium modulation pattern, where i+4 positions generally show larger (2)H ESEEM peak intensities than i+3 positions. Here, we have hypothesized that due to the unique turn periodicities of an α-helix (3.6 residues per turn with a pitch of 5.4 Å) and a 310-helix (3.1 residues per turn with a pitch of 5.8-6.0 Å), the opposite deuterium modulation pattern would be observed for a 310-helix. In this study, (2)H-labeled d10-leucine (Leu) was substituted at a specific Leu residue (i) and a nitroxide spin label was positioned 2, 3, and 4 residues away (denoted i+2 to i+4) on an amphipathic model peptide, LRL8. When LRL8 is solubilized in trifluoroethanol (TFE), the peptide adopts an α-helical structure, and alternatively, forms a 310-helical secondary structure when incorporated into liposomes. Larger (2)H ESEEM peaks in the FT frequency domain data were observed for the i+4 samples when compared to the i+3 samples for the α-helix whereas the opposite pattern was revealed for the 310-helix. These unique patterns provide pertinent local secondary structural information to distinguish between the α-helical and 310-helical structural motifs for the first time using this ESEEM spectroscopic approach with short data acquisition times (∼30 min) and small sample concentrations (∼100 μM) as well as providing more site-specific secondary structural information compared to other common biophysical approaches, such as CD.

  5. Efficiency testing of a helicopter transmission planetary reduction stage

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Handschuh, Robert F.; Rohn, Douglas A.

    1988-01-01

    A parametric study of the efficiency of a 310-kW (420-hp) helicopter transmission planetary test section (four planets) was performed. The purpose was to determine the planetary contribution to the overall transmission power loss. Test parameters varied were oil flow rate, oil inlet temperature, lubricant type, shaft speed, and applied torque. The measured efficiency over all the test variables ranged from 99.44 to 99.75 percent. These experimental results were compared with other experimental and computational results.

  6. 76 FR 10012 - Notice of Availability of the Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for the Disposal...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-23

    ...), community services (50,000 sq ft), and parks and recreational open space (232 acres). A major component... recreational open space (222 acres), a 300-slip marina, improvements to stabilize the shoreline, and a new... and recreational open space (222 acres). This alternative would also include a 300-slip...

  7. 77 FR 23671 - Notice of Availability of the Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for the Disposal...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-20

    ...), and parks and recreational open space (232 acres). A major component would include a new 69,000-seat... and recreational open space (222 acres). This alternative would also include a 300-slip marina... open space (245 acres). The alternative also includes a 300-slip marina, improvements to stabilize...

  8. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Db-310 (Dubnium)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Db-310 (Dubnium, atomic number Z = 105, mass number A = 310).

  9. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Fm-310 (Fermium)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Fm-310 (Fermium, atomic number Z = 100, mass number A = 310).

  10. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Mt-310 (Meitnerium)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Mt-310 (Meitnerium, atomic number Z = 109, mass number A = 310).

  11. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Hs-310 (Hassium)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Hs-310 (Hassium, atomic number Z = 108, mass number A = 310).

  12. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Lr-310 (Lawrencium)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Lr-310 (Lawrencium, atomic number Z = 103, mass number A = 310).

  13. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Sg-310 (Seaborgium)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Sg-310 (Seaborgium, atomic number Z = 106, mass number A = 310).

  14. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Bk-310 (Berkelium)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Bk-310 (Berkelium, atomic number Z = 97, mass number A = 310).

  15. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Bh-310 (Bohrium)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Bh-310 (Bohrium, atomic number Z = 107, mass number A = 310).

  16. Long-term femtosecond timing link stabilization using a single-crystal balanced cross correlator.

    PubMed

    Kim, J; Chen, J; Zhang, Z; Wong, F N C; Kärtner, F X; Loehl, F; Schlarb, H

    2007-05-01

    We demonstrate a self-aligned balanced cross correlator based on a single type-II phase-matched periodically poled KTiOPO4 crystal. The birefringence of the crystal generates a walk-off between the two orthogonally polarized pulses. This enables the balancing of the cross correlator with input pulses at the same center wavelength. As a first application of this single-crystal balanced cross correlator, we stabilized a 310 m long optical fiber link for timing distribution with long-term stable 10 fs precision.

  17. Aerodynamics on a transport aircraft type wing-body model

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schmitt, V.

    1982-01-01

    The DFLR-F4 wing-body combination is studied. The 1/38 model is formed by a 9.5 aspect ratio transonic wing and an Airbus A 310 fuselage. The F4 wing geometrical characteristics are described and the main experimental results obtained in the S2MA wind tunnel are discussed. Both wing-fuselage interferences and viscous effects, which are important on the wing due to a high rear loading, are investigated by performing 3D calculations. An attempt is made to find their limitations.

  18. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Md-310 (Mendelevium)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Md-310 (Mendelevium, atomic number Z = 101, mass number A = 310).

  19. 14 CFR 91.1505 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... operate an Airbus Model A300 (excluding the -600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model... below the window line. (2) For all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the flight...

  20. 14 CFR 121.1107 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Airbus Model A300 (excluding the -600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model 707, 720...,000 flights below the window line. (2) For all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the...

  1. 14 CFR 129.107 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Model A300 (excluding −600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model 707, 720, 727, 737... all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the flight cycle implementation time is 60,000...

  2. 14 CFR 121.1107 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Airbus Model A300 (excluding the -600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model 707, 720...,000 flights below the window line. (2) For all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the...

  3. 14 CFR 125.505 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... operate an Airbus Model A300 (exlcuding the -600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model...,000 flights below the window line. (2) For all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the...

  4. 14 CFR 129.107 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Model A300 (excluding −600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model 707, 720, 727, 737... all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the flight cycle implementation time is 60,000...

  5. 14 CFR 121.1107 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Airbus Model A300 (excluding the -600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model 707, 720...,000 flights below the window line. (2) For all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the...

  6. 14 CFR 91.1505 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... operate an Airbus Model A300 (excluding the -600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model... below the window line. (2) For all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the flight...

  7. 14 CFR 125.505 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... operate an Airbus Model A300 (exlcuding the -600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model...,000 flights below the window line. (2) For all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the...

  8. 14 CFR 125.505 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... operate an Airbus Model A300 (exlcuding the -600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model...,000 flights below the window line. (2) For all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the...

  9. 14 CFR 129.107 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Model A300 (excluding −600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model 707, 720, 727, 737... all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the flight cycle implementation time is 60,000...

  10. 14 CFR 125.505 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... operate an Airbus Model A300 (exlcuding the -600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model...,000 flights below the window line. (2) For all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the...

  11. 14 CFR 129.107 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Model A300 (excluding −600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model 707, 720, 727, 737... all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the flight cycle implementation time is 60,000...

  12. 14 CFR 121.1107 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Airbus Model A300 (excluding the -600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model 707, 720...,000 flights below the window line. (2) For all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the...

  13. Bigger and Brighter Flame Tests.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dalby, David K.; Mosher, Melvyn M.

    1996-01-01

    Describes a method for flame test demonstrations that provides a way to set up quickly, clean up, and produce a large and very intense flame that can be seen easily in a 300-seat lecture auditorium. (JRH)

  14. The Cheerleader and the Football Player.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patil, Malati

    2001-01-01

    Describes an activity in physics using a narrative about a bet between a cheerleader who claims she can lift a 300-pound football player off the ground. Includes questions, teaching notes, and solutions. (MM)

  15. Synthesis and Application of Metal-Containing Silicas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Katok, K.; Tertykh, V.; Yanishpolskii, V.

    Gold nanoparticles were obtained by in situ reduction with silicon hydride groups grafted to the silochrom C-120 and aerosil A-300 silica surface. Such gold-containing silicas have been applied for hydrogen oxidation.

  16. Bright PSN in NGC5128 (Centaurus A) Discovered By Backyard Observatory Supernova Search (BOSS)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marples, Peter; Bock, Greg; Parker, Stuart

    2016-02-01

    During the ongoing Backyard Observatory Supernova Search (BOSS), Peter Marples discovered a possible supernova using data from a 300mm F7 SCT telescope at Loganholme Observatory, Queensland, Australia.

  17. 49 CFR 173.249 - Bromine.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... density is 300 percent of the tank's water capacity. Minimum filling density is 287 percent of the tank's water capacity. Maximum water capacity is 9,253 kg (20,400 pounds) for DOT 105A300W tank cars. Maximum quantity of lading in DOT 105A300W tank cars is 27,216 kg (60,000 pounds). Maximum water capacity is 16,964...

  18. RDR-4B doppler weather radar with forward looking wind shear detection capability

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Grasley, Steven S.

    1992-01-01

    The topics are presented in viewgraph form and include the following: Bendix/King atmospheric transport and dispersion (ATAD) position; RDR-4A technical baseline; RTA-4A characteristics; RDR-4 antenna characteristics; modification of RDR-4A to RDR-4B; RDR-4A functional block diagram; RDR-4B characteristics; development/test plan; CV-580 testing capability; CV-580 test results; Continental A300 test configuration; Continental Data Recording Program operational considerations; Continental A300 test results; and display considerations.

  19. The use of graphs in the ergonomic evaluation of tall pilots' sitting posture.

    PubMed

    de Ree, J J

    1989-10-01

    A survey has shown that the average height of KLM pilots has increased by 18 mm (0.7 in) per decade in the last 20 years. Around 6% are taller than 1905 mm (75.0 in), the upper limit of pilot height for flight deck design. With the use of graphs of the flight deck, we established that the main problem of tall pilots is insufficient legroom. Of all KLM/NLM aircraft types, the Boeing 747-200/300 and the Douglas DC-9 are most uncomfortable for pilots taller than 1960 mm (77.2 in). In the Airbus A310, pilots of 2000 mm (78.7 in) have insufficient legroom. The other aircraft types do not present difficulties for pilots up to 2030 mm (79.9 in). Ergonomic adaptations on the flight decks of the Boeing 747-200/300 and the Airbus A310 are necessary to alleviate the problems of tall pilots. Future aircraft types should be designed to accommodate tall pilots. If ergonomic adaptation of the flight deck is impossible, anthropometric limits for pilot selection have to be employed.

  20. High-voltage terminal test of a test stand for a 1-MV electrostatic accelerator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, Sae-Hoon; Kim, Yu-Seok

    2015-10-01

    The Korea Multipurpose Accelerator Complex has been developing a 300-kV test stand for a 1-MV electrostatic accelerator ion source. The ion source and accelerating tube will be installed in a high-pressure vessel. The ion source in the high-pressure vessel is required to have a high reliability. The test stand has been proposed and developed to confirm the stable operating conditions of the ion source. The ion source will be tested at the test stand to verify the long-time operating conditions. The test stand comprises a 300-kV high-voltage terminal, a battery for the ion-source power, a 60-Hz inverter, 200-MHz radio-frequency power supply, a 5-kV extraction power supply, a 300-kV accelerating tube, and a vacuum system. The results of the 300-kV high-voltage terminal tests are presented in this paper.

  1. CHEER, Canadian high energy electron ring

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hemingway, R. J.

    The Institute of Particle Physics (IPP) in Canada have received funds from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) to pursue a study which looks at the feasibility of adding an external electron storage ring at one of the long straight sections of the Tevatron. The machine, as currently configured, has a 300 MeV Linac injector, a 300 MeV accumulator ring, a 2 GeV booster synchrotron, and a 10 GeV storage ring holding 120 mA of either electrons or positrons. Particular attention has been paid to beam polarisation and the design of the interaction region.

  2. Thick YBa2Cu3O7-x BaSnO3 Films with Enhanced Critical Current Density at High Magnetic Fields

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-10-01

    thick YBCO +BSO film had a Jc ~3×105 A/cm2 at 5 T as compared to a typical Jc of 2.4×103 A/cm2 at 5 T for a 300- nm -thick YBCO film. The thick YBCO +BSO...for a 300 nm thick YBCO film. The thick YBCO +BSO films maintained high Tc 88 K and had a high density 2.51011 /cm2 of continuous BSO nanocolumns...nanocolumns to maintain a high Jc in high magnetic fields without a reduction in Tc. Recently 300 nm thick YBCO +BSO nanocomposite films were processed using

  3. Novel β-Barrel Fold in the Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Structure of the Replicase Nonstructural Protein 1 from the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus▿

    PubMed Central

    Almeida, Marcius S.; Johnson, Margaret A.; Herrmann, Torsten; Geralt, Michael; Wüthrich, Kurt

    2007-01-01

    The nonstructural protein 1 (nsp1) of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus has 179 residues and is the N-terminal cleavage product of the viral replicase polyprotein that mediates RNA replication and processing. The specific function of nsp1 is not known. Here we report the nuclear magnetic resonance structure of the nsp1 segment from residue 13 to 128, which represents a novel α/β-fold formed by a mixed parallel/antiparallel six-stranded β-barrel, an α-helix covering one opening of the barrel, and a 310-helix alongside the barrel. We further characterized the full-length 179-residue protein and show that the polypeptide segments of residues 1 to 12 and 129 to 179 are flexibly disordered. The structure is analyzed in a search for possible correlations with the recently reported activity of nsp1 in the degradation of mRNA. PMID:17202208

  4. Pulsed thrust measurements using electromagnetic calibration techniques

    SciTech Connect

    Tang Haibin; Shi Chenbo; Zhang Xin'ai; Zhang Zun; Cheng Jiao

    2011-03-15

    A thrust stand for accurately measuring impulse bits, which ranged from 10-1000 {mu}N s using a noncontact electromagnetic calibration technique is described. In particular, a permanent magnet structure was designed to produce a uniform magnetic field, and a multiturn coil was made to produce a calibration force less than 10 mN. The electromagnetic calibration force for pulsed thrust measurements was linear to the coil current and changed less than 2.5% when the distance between the coil and magnet changed 6 mm. A pulsed plasma thruster was first tested on the thrust stand, and afterward five single impulse bits were measured to give a 310 {mu}N s average impulse bit. Uncertainty of the measured impulse bit was analyzed to evaluate the quality of the measurement and was found to be 10 {mu}N s with 95% credibility.

  5. Linearized forward and inverse problems of the resonant ultrasound spectroscopy for the evaluation of thin surface layers.

    PubMed

    Růzek, Michal; Sedlák, Petr; Seiner, Hanus; Kruisová, Alena; Landa, Michal

    2010-12-01

    In this paper, linearized approximations of both the forward and the inverse problems of resonant ultrasound spectroscopy for the determination of mechanical properties of thin surface layers are presented. The linear relations between the frequency shifts induced by the deposition of the layer and the in-plane elastic coefficients of the layer are derived and inverted, the applicability range of the obtained linear model is discussed by a comparison with nonlinear models and finite element method (FEM), and an algorithm for the estimation of experimental errors in the inversely determined elastic coefficients is described. In the final part of the paper, the linearized inverse procedure is applied to evaluate elastic coefficients of a 310 nm thick diamond-like carbon layer deposited on a silicon substrate.

  6. Relativistic mean-field study of the properties of Z=117 nuclei and the decay chains of the {sup 293,294}117 isotopes

    SciTech Connect

    Bhuyan, M.; Patra, S. K.; Gupta, Raj K.

    2011-07-15

    We have calculated the binding energy, root-mean-square radius, and quadrupole deformation parameter for the recently synthesized superheavy element Z=117, using the axially deformed relativistic mean-field (RMF) model. The calculation is extended to various isotopes of the Z=117 element, starting from A=286 till A=310. We predict almost spherical structures in the ground state for almost all the isotopes. A shape transition appears at about A=292 from a prolate to an oblate shape structure of the Z=117 nucleus in our mean-field approach. The most stable isotope (largest binding energy per nucleon) is found to be the {sup 288}117 nucleus. Also, the Q{sub {alpha}} values and the half-life T{sub 1/2}{sup {alpha}} for the {alpha}-decay chains of {sup 293}117 and {sup 294}117 are calculated, supporting the magic numbers at N=172 and/or 184.

  7. Parameter estimations for measurements of thermal transport properties with the hot disk thermal constants analyzer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bohac, Vlastimil; Gustavsson, Mattias K.; Kubicar, Ludovit; Gustafsson, Silas E.

    2000-06-01

    The objective of this work is to improve measurements of transport properties using the hot disk thermal constants analyzer. The principle of this method is based on the transient heating of a plane double spiral sandwiched between two pieces of the investigated material. From the temperature increase of the heat source, it is possible to derive both the thermal conductivity and the thermal diffusivity from one single transient recording, provided the total time of the measurement is chosen within a correct time window defined by the theory and the experimental situation. Based on a theory of sensitivity coefficients, it is demonstrated how the experimental time window should be selected under different experimental situations. In addition to the theoretical work, measurements on two different materials: poly(methylmethacrylate) and Stainless Steel A 310, with thermal conductivity of 0.2 and 14 W/mK, respectively, have been performed and analyzed based on the developed theory.

  8. Atomic barium and cesium alignment-to-orientation conversion in external electric and magnetic fields

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hilborn, Robert C.; Hunter, Larry R.; Johnson, Kent; Peck, Stephen K.; Spencer, Alison; Watson, John

    1994-09-01

    We present an alternative method for changing atomic alignment to orientation through interactions with orthogonal static electric and magnetic fields. Experimental results demonstrating this effect in the 5d6p 1P state of atomic barium and the F=4 hyperfine level of the ground state of atomic cesium are presented. The theory of this effect for a j=0 to j=1 electric dipole transition is discussed in detail. The tensor polarizability of the 5d6p 1P state of Ba is determined to be 1.31(15) MHz/(kV/cm)2, in good agreement with the results of van Leeuwen and Hogervorst [Z. Phys. A 310, 37 (1983)].

  9. An engineering evaluation of the Space Shuttle OMS engine after 5 orbital flights

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    David, D.

    1983-01-01

    Design features, performances on the first five flights, and condition of the Shuttle OMS engines are summarized. The engines were designed to provide a vacuum-fed 6000 lb of thrust and a 310 sec specific impulse, fueled by a combination of N2O4 and monomethylhydrazine (MMH) at a mixture ratio of 1.65. The design lifetime is 1000 starts and 15 hr of cumulative firing duration. The engine assembly is throat gimballed and features yaw actuators. No degradation of the hot components was observed during the first five flights, and the injector pattern maintained a uniform, enduring level of performance. An increase in the take-off loads have led to enhancing the wall thickness in the nozzle in affected areas. The engine is concluded to be performing to design specifications and is considered an operational system.

  10. Alternative strategies for the development of Texas lignite

    SciTech Connect

    Hoskins, E.R.; Russell, J.E.

    1983-03-01

    Currently, the strip mining rate is about 35 million tons per year in Texas and essentially zero in the other Gulf Coast states. Estimates of future mining rates are as high as 310 million tons per year by the year 2000 with 240 being in Texas. In this paper, the authors examine the life cycle of the surface mineable lignite based on the most recent estimates of surface mine recoverable resources with two scenarios. The first indicates that a 310 million tpy rate could be sustained for only 15 years while the second scenario suggests that the 310 million tpy could be sustained for 25 to 30 years. If lignite resources are required beyond those that are surface mineable, the deep basin lignite will be developed. Five strategies for developing deep basin lignite are discussed.

  11. Mechanical properties and biomineralization of multifunctional nanodiamond-PLLA composites for bone tissue engineering.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Qingwei; Mochalin, Vadym N; Neitzel, Ioannis; Hazeli, Kavan; Niu, Junjie; Kontsos, Antonios; Zhou, Jack G; Lelkes, Peter I; Gogotsi, Yury

    2012-07-01

    Multifunctional bone scaffold materials have been produced from a biodegradable polymer, poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA), and 1-10% wt of octadecylamine-functionalized nanodiamond (ND-ODA) via solution casting followed by compression molding. By comparison to pure PLLA, the addition of 10% wt of ND-ODA resulted in a significant improvement of the mechanical properties of the composite matrix, including a 280% increase in the strain at failure and a 310% increase in fracture energy in tensile tests. The biomimetic process of bonelike apatite growth on the ND-ODA/PLLA scaffolds was studied using microscopic and spectroscopic techniques. The enhanced mechanical properties and the increased mineralization capability with higher ND-ODA concentration suggest that these biodegradable composites may potentially be useful for a variety of biomedical applications, including scaffolds for orthopedic regenerative engineering. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. The ArcSDE GIS Dynamic Population Model Tool for Savannah River Site Emergency Response

    SciTech Connect

    MCLANE, TRACY; JONES, DWIGHT

    2005-10-03

    The Savannah River Site (SRS) is a 310-square-mile Department of Energy site located near Aiken, South Carolina. With a workforce of over 10,000 employees and subcontractors, SRS emergency personnel must be able to respond to an emergency event in a timely and effective manner, in order to ensure the safety and security of the Site. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) provides the technology needed to give managers and emergency personnel the information they need to make quick and effective decisions. In the event of a site evacuation, knowing the number of on-site personnel to evacuate from a given area is an essential piece of information for emergency staff. SRS has developed a GIS Dynamic Population Model Tool to quickly communicate real-time information that summarizes employee populations by facility area and building and then generates dynamic maps that illustrate output statistics.

  13. Design of a compact waveguide optical isolator based on multimode interferometers using magneto-optical oxide thin films grown on silicon-on-insulator substrates.

    PubMed

    Shui, Keyi; Nie, Lixia; Zhang, Yan; Peng, Bo; Xie, Jianliang; Deng, Longjiang; Bi, Lei

    2016-06-13

    We report the design of a waveguide optical isolator based on multimode interferometer (MMI) structure using silicon on insulator (SOI) and deposited magneto-optical (MO) thin films. The optical isolator is based on a vertical 1 × 2 SOI MMI utilizing the nonreciprocal phase shift (NRPS) difference of different TM modes of the MO garnet thin film/SOI waveguide. By constructing a silicon/MO thin film/silicon structure, we demonstrate that the NRPS of the fundamental and first order TM modes can show opposite signs for certain device dimensions, therefore significantly reduce the device length. For a 310.42 μm long device, 20 dB isolation bandwidth larger than 1.6 nm with total insertion loss of 0.817 dB is achieved at 1550 nm wavelength. The fabrication tolerances and materials losses are also discussed to satisfy the state-of-the-art fabrication technology and material properties.

  14. First observation of proton emission from 117La

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Soramel, F.; Guglielmetti, A.; Stroe, L.; Müller, L.; Bonetti, R.; Malerba, F.; Poli, G. L.; Boiano, C.; Andrighetto, A.; Li, Z. C.; Scarlassara, F.; Signorini, C.; Bello, A. Dal; Isocrate, R.; Liu, Z. H.; Ruan, M.; Ivascu, M.; Bednarczyk, P.; Broude, C.

    2000-05-01

    We report the first measurement, at the XTU Tandem+LINAC accelerator of the Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, of the decay of the very neutron deficient nucleus 117La using a 310 MeV 58Ni beam on a 64Zn target; the 117La nucleus was populated via the (p, 4n) evaporation channel. The Recoil Mass Spectrometer (RMS) was used to select M/q=117/30 recoils that were implanted in a (40×40) mm2 Double Sided Silicon Strip Detector (DSSD) detector. The analysis has revealed that 117La decays to 116Ba via proton emission with Ep=(783±6)keV and T1/2=(20±5) ms. From this result deformation parameters of β2=0.3 and β4=0.1 have been deduced for the 117La ground state which was assigned to Jπ=3/2+.

  15. High-accuracy measurement of 240-m distance in an optical tunnel by use of a compact femtosecond laser.

    PubMed

    Minoshima, K; Matsumoto, H

    2000-10-20

    A high-accuracy optical distance meter with a mode-locked femtosecond laser is proposed for distance measurements in a 310-m-long optical tunnel. We measured the phase shift of the optical beat component between longitudinal modes of a mode-locked laser. A high resolution of 50 microm at 240-m distance was obtained without cyclic error correction. The group refractive index of air is automatically extracted to an accuracy of 6 parts per million (ppm) by two-color measurement with the pulses of fundamental and second-harmonic wavelengths. Finally, an absolute mechanical distance of 240 m was obtained to within 8-ppm accuracy by use of a series of beat frequencies with the advantage of a wide range of intermode frequency, together with the results of the two-color measurement.

  16. Abell 115: It Takes Two to Tango - The interaction of Relativistic and Thermal Plasma in a Merging Subcluster

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Forman, William

    2011-09-01

    We propose a 310 ks ACIS-I observation of the merging cluster A115 whose northern subcluster, A115-N, hosts 3C28 which shows two wispy "tails" pointing in the direction of subcluster motion! With 360 ks (310 ks new, plus 50 ks archival), we can study the hydrodynamics of the gas flow in and around A115-N to determine flow velocities that are traced by the radio plasma. We will measure and compare the circulation time of the gas to the aging time of the radio emitting electrons, understand the structure of the relativistic plasma (i.e., thin sheath or filled cavity) by measuring distortions in the X-ray surface brightness, investigate magnetic draping, and develop a 3D model for the merger using extensive optical spectroscopy with the velocity of A115-N measured from the X-ray analysis.

  17. Atomic structure of the (310) symmetrical tilt grain boundary in strontium titanate - a comparison among experimental methods and atomistic simulations

    SciTech Connect

    Ravikumar, V.; Dravid, V.P.; Wolf, D.

    1996-12-31

    Strontium Titanate is a prototypical perovskite oxide whose macroscopic electroceramic properties, like varistor and grain boundary barrier layer capacitor (GBBLC) behavior, are controlled by grain boundary (GB) phenomena. In this paper, we present a comparative analysis of the results of both experimental and theoretical investigations of the atomic structure of a (310) symmetrical tilt GB (a) {Sigma}=5 (310) [001] GB in the CSL notation in SrTiO{sub 3}. Bicrystals of SrTiO{sub 3} were procured from diffraction studies confirm that the GB conforms to the {Sigma} =5 misorientation. The atomic structure of this GB has been investigated using high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and associated image simulations, as well as by atomistic simulations using static iterative energy minimization schemes ({open_quotes}lattice-statics{close_quotes}).

  18. Spallation of the Galileo probe heat shield

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lundell, J. H.

    1982-06-01

    The Galileo probe heat shield will encounter severe radiative and convective heating during entry into Jupiter's atmosphere. The shield is made of two different carbon phenolic composites; one is chopped-molded, and the other is tape-wrapped, both of which tend to spall under intense heating conditions. To characterize this phenomenon, an experimental program, using a gasdynamic laser, was initiated. Tests were performed at a variety of radiation intensities, and both the total and spallation mass-loss rates were measured and correlated with intensity. These correlations were then applied to calculated flight heating conditions for two model atmospheres. Entry of a 310-kg probe into the nominal atmosphere would result in a spallation mass loss of 6.3 kg, or 7.4% of the expected thermochemical mass loss. Similarly, entry of that probe into the cool-dense atmosphere would result in 11.9 kg of spallation, or about 10% of the expected thermochemical mass loss.

  19. Update of Aircraft Profile Data for the Integrated Noise Model Computer Program. Volume 1. Final Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-03-01

    Dougtas DC8-50 JT3D-38 1I C 13 McDonn Douglas DC8-60 JT3D-7 1 C 17 McDonn Dougtas DC8-60 JT80-70N 1 C 14 McDonn Dougtas DC8-70 CFM56 -2C-5 3 CF 15 Br...34 Airbus A310-300 CF6-8OC2A2 3 a 97 Airbus A320-211 CFM56 -5A-1 3 B ...................... ------ ----i...narrow body 45 Boeing 8737 JT80-90N 2 C 47 Boeing s737-200 JT80-17 2 C 35 Boeing 8737-300 CFM56 -38-1 3 A 36 Boeing 8737-300 CFM56 -38-2 3 * A 85 Boeing

  20. Jefferson Lab 12 GEV Cebaf Upgrade

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rode, C. H.

    2010-04-01

    The existing continuous electron beam accelerator facility (CEBAF) at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF) is a 5-pass, recirculating cw electron Linac operating at ˜6 GeV and is devoted to basic research in nuclear physics. The 12 GeV CEBAF Upgrade is a 310 M project, sponsored by the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nuclear Physics, that will expand its research capabilities substantially by doubling the maximum energy and adding major new experimental apparatus. The project received construction approval in September 2008 and has started the major procurement process. The cryogenic aspects of the 12 GeV CEBAF Upgrade includes: doubling the accelerating voltages of the Linacs by adding ten new high-performance, superconducting radiofrequency (SRF) cryomodules (CMs) to the existing 42 1/4 cryomodules; doubling of the 2 K cryogenics plant; and the addition of eight superconducting magnets.

  1. Ghost busting - The return from the dead of PRN 8 causes pseudo-range transients

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gold, Kenneth L.

    An experiment was initiated in February of 1990 to determine the point positioning repeatability of the ISTAC 2002 codeless GPS receiver, and to investigate the precision of the GPS Control Segment navigation message uploads and the effects of Selective Availability on the Block II satellites. The C/A code range residuals, for PRN 6 alone, showed an anomaly for a 310-sec period each day. At first, the anomaly seemed to be the result of multipath contamination, especially because of its occurrence 4 min earlier each day. Upon further investigation, it was determined that the anomaly was the result of the reactivation of the Block I satellite PRN 8 after it had been supposedly turned off permanently. The process by which this conclusion was reached is described in detail. Also, an analysis of the data acquisition method of the ISTAC 2002 receiver is given.

  2. New jack up designed for safe, efficient drilling

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-05-10

    A recently built jack up has incorporated the latest automated drilling technology for safe operation in the harsh North Sea environment. Santa Fe drilling Co.'s Magellan jack up rig, delivered in August 1992, was designed to improve drilling operations and operate with zero discharge while keeping the rig workers removed from much of the ordinary dangerous rig operations. The rig underwent sea trials in early 1992 and demonstrated a 310-ft water depth rating for the central North Sea. The rig has complete onboard control of all fluids for a minimum impact on the marine environment. It is designed to maximize collection, retention, treatment, and monitoring of all effluent streams. No environmentally unacceptable solids or fluids are discharged, even during adverse drilling and weather conditions. Additionally, the rig engines are designed to minimize air pollution through use of a lean fuel injection system. The paper describes the exploration drilling; production drilling; automation and safety; and the handling of blowout preventers.

  3. Soil nitrogen accretion along a floodplain terrace chronosequence in northwest Alaska: Influence of the nitrogen-fixing shrub Shepherdia Canadensis

    Treesearch

    Charles Rhoades; Dan Binkley; Hlynur Oskarsson; Robert Stottlemyer

    2008-01-01

    Nitrogen enters terrestrial ecosystems through multiple pathways during primary succession. We measured accumulation of total soil nitrogen and changes in inorganic nitrogen (N) pools across a 300-y sequence of river terraces in northwest Alaska and assessed the contribution of the nitrogen-fixing shrub Shepherdia canadensis. Our work compared 5...

  4. The neutrino horn 300 kiloampere pulsed power supply at Brookhaven National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect

    Sandberg, J.; Smith, G.A.; Carroll, A.S.; Leonhardt, W.; Monaghan, R.; Pearson, C.; Pendzick, A.; Ryan, G.; Sims, W.P.; Stillman, P.

    1987-01-01

    A 300 Kiloampere pulsed power system used to energize the Brookhaven focusing neutrino horn is described. The constant current switching section, coaxial power feed and low level control system are presented. Calculations determining system performance are compared with measured values. Plans for future systems are discussed.

  5. Long-term patterns of diameter and basal area growth of old-growth Douglas-fir trees in western Oregon

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Poage, Nathan; Tappeiner, J. C.

    2002-01-01

    Diameter growth and age data collected from stumps of 505 recently cut old-growth Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) trees at 28 sample locations in western Oregon (U.S.A.) indicated that rapid early and sustained growth of old Douglas-fir trees were extremely important in terms of attaining large diameters at ages 100a??300 years. The diameters of the trees at ages 100a??300 years (D100a??D300) were strongly, positively, and linearly related to their diameters and basal area growth rates at age 50 years. Average periodic basal area increments (PAIBA) of all trees increased for the first 30a??40 years and then plateaued, remaining relatively high and constant from age 50 to 300 years. Average PAIBA of the largest trees at ages 100a??300 years were significantly greater by age 20 years than were those of smaller trees at ages 100a??300 years. The site factors province, site class, slope, aspect, elevation, and establishment year accounted for little of the variation observed in basal area growth at age 50 years and D100a??D300. The mean age range for old-growth Douglas-fir at the sample locations was wide (174 years). The hypothesis that large-diameter old-growth Douglas-fir developed at low stand densities was supported by these observations.

  6. Mad Dogs and Archaeologists.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bregman, Susan

    1980-01-01

    Earthwatch, a nonprofit clearinghouse that places interested amateurs on scientific expeditions, has sent over 3,000 people to work with 350 scholars. This article describes experiences of a young woman doing archaeological fieldwork at a 300-year-old California mission. (DS)

  7. Low Energy X-Ray and Electron Physics and Technology for High-Temperature Plasma Diagnostics

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-10-01

    cransmission band for Che rejeccion of such background radiacions around Che 500-1000 eV region by combining as a primary monochromator a 300 ßg...X-Radiations of the Solar Corona," Technical Report No. 7, 1-413, AFOSR 66-2446 (September 1966). 30. "X-Ray Absorption in the 2 to

  8. The Archean crust in the Wawa-Chapleau-Timmins region. A field guidebook prepared for the 1983 Archean Geochemistry-Early Crustal Genesis Field Conference

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Percival, J. A.; Card, K. D.; Sage, R. P.; Jensen, L. S.; Luhta, L. E.

    1983-01-01

    This guidebook describes the characteristics and interrelationships of Archean greenstone-granite and high-grade gneiss terrains of the Superior Province. A 300-km long west to east transect between Wawa and Timmins, Ontario will be used to illustrate regional-scale relationships. The major geological features of the Superior Province are described.

  9. 78 FR 64159 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-28

    ... Model A300 B4-600R series airplanes. AD 2000-12-11 required repetitive inspections to detect cracks in... repair if necessary. This new AD reduces the initial inspection compliance time and repetitive inspection... having the actions required by this AD performed within the compliance times specified, unless the...

  10. Mechanical Milk: An Essay on the Social History of Infant Formula.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwab, Michael G.

    1996-01-01

    Describes how infant formula became an "icon of modernity" separating mothers from babies and causing health and social problems. Gives a 300-year social history of the rise in popularity of infant formula, covering aspects including the body as machine, rise of science and industrialization, formula and public health, the clean milk…

  11. 78 FR 15293 - Safety Zone; St. Patrick's Day Fireworks; Manitowoc River, Manitowoc, WI

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-11

    ... display. This fireworks display will be launched from the shore of the Manitowoc River. This event is... Manitowoc River within a 300 foot radius of an approximate launch position at 44 5'29.6'' N and 87 39'23.0... Regulation and Regulatory Review, and does not require an assessment of potential costs and benefits under...

  12. 15 CFR 8a.220 - Admissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Admissions. 8a.220 Section 8a.220 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN... institution. (c) Application of §§ 8a.300 through .310. Except as provided in paragraphs (d) and (e) of...

  13. Assessing Instructional Documents: A Comparison of Writing Faculty, Engineering Faculty and Workplace Technical Communicator Practices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Napierkowski, Harriet

    A study examined the assessment of instructional documents written by undergraduate engineering students in a 300-level technical writing course. The six documents were independently ranked by nine readers--three writing faculty, three engineering faculty, and three technical writing professionals. Besides ranking the documents, the nine readers…

  14. 7 CFR 300.3 - Reference Manual A.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Reference Manual A. 300.3 Section 300.3 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE... the APHIS Web site at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/ppq/pim/accreditation. ...

  15. 78 FR 38582 - Safety Zones; Multiple Firework Displays in Captain of the Port, Puget Sound Zone

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-27

    ... Guard is establishing safety zones in Holmes Harbor, Elliot Bay Pier 90, and Southeast of Alki Point... Elliot Bay, Pier 90; and Tuxedo and Tennis Shoes Event on July 20, 2013, near Alki Point Light. All... Christening, Elliot Bay, Pier 90, Seattle, WA: All waters encompassed within a 300 yard radius around...

  16. 14 CFR 91.1505 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... operate an Airbus Model A300 (excluding the -600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model, 707, 720, 727, 737 or 747, McDonnell Douglas Model DC-8, DC-9/MD-80 or DC-10, Fokker Model F28, or Lockheed Model L-1011 airplane beyond applicable flight cycle implementation time specified below, or...

  17. EPA Sparks Local Business in Las Cruces, N.M.

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    DALLAS - (Feb. 29, 2016) The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is awarding a $300,000 small business contract to Vista Photonics, Inc. in Las Cruces, N.M. The company plans to develop an inexpensive, high-performance, portable air pollution

  18. Annual Report 1983.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-01-01

    hydroelectric power plant will be a 300 killowatt plant costing about $600,000 and producing approximately 6-8% of the total plant electrical needs. The... hydroelectric power plant at Lake Livingston. They are looking at a water supply project in the upper basin in cooperation with the US Bureau of Reclamation

  19. 76 FR 41817 - Notice of Intent To Prepare a Joint Environmental Impact Statement and Environmental Impact...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-15

    ... Environmental Impact Report for the Proposed Alta East Wind Project, and Possible Land Use Plan Amendment, Kern... for the Alta East Wind Project (Project), a 300-megawatt (MW) wind farm. By this notice BLM and Kern... land laws, including the Mining Law of 1872, as amended, but not from leasing under the mineral leasing...

  20. Growth of hollow nickel fluoride whiskers

    SciTech Connect

    Petrov, S. V.; Orekhov, Yu. F.; Fedorov, P. P.

    2009-07-15

    Hollow nickel fluoride whiskers have been obtained by condensation from the vapor phase onto a platinum substrate in a flow of hydrogen fluoride. Crystals up to 5 mm in length have a square cross section with a 300 {+-} 30-{mu}m side. The wall thickness is 85 {+-} 20 {mu}m.

  1. 17 CFR Appendix A to Part 151 - Spot-Month Position Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...,000 ICE Futures U.S. Coffee C 500 Chicago Board of Trade Corn 600 ICE Futures U.S. Cotton No. 2 300 ICE Futures U.S. FCOJ-A 300 Chicago Mercantile Exchange Class III Milk 1,500 Chicago Mercantile Exchange Feeder Cattle 300 Chicago Mercantile Exchange Lean Hog 950 Chicago Mercantile Exchange Live Cattle...

  2. Farm Laboratory Aids Post-Secondary Instruction in Agricultural Production

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Statler, Larry L.; Juhl, R. J.

    1970-01-01

    Reports a farm laboratory of 1500 swine, 40 beef cattle, 52 sheep, a 300-crop acres, and a full line of leased new farm machinery for post-secondary agricultural production students. A student board of directors manages the demonstration farm. (DM)

  3. High throughput transmission optical projection tomography using low cost graphics processing unit.

    PubMed

    Vinegoni, Claudio; Fexon, Lyuba; Feruglio, Paolo Fumene; Pivovarov, Misha; Figueiredo, Jose-Luiz; Nahrendorf, Matthias; Pozzo, Antonio; Sbarbati, Andrea; Weissleder, Ralph

    2009-12-07

    We implement the use of a graphics processing unit (GPU) in order to achieve real time data processing for high-throughput transmission optical projection tomography imaging. By implementing the GPU we have obtained a 300 fold performance enhancement in comparison to a CPU workstation implementation. This enables to obtain on-the-fly reconstructions enabling for high throughput imaging.

  4. Near-Road Mulltipollutant Profiles: Association between Volatile Organic Compounds and a Tracer Gas Surrogate Near a Busy Highway

    EPA Science Inventory

    This research characterizes associations between multiple pollutants in the near-road environment attributed to a roadway line source. It also examines the use of a tracer gas as a surrogate of mobile source pollutants. Air samples were collected in summa canisters along a 300 m ...

  5. 26 CFR 20.2056A-4 - Procedures for conforming marital trusts and nontrust marital transfers to the requirements of a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... estate under § 2040(a) 300,000 Devise of real property under will 100,000 Total $1,000,000 (ii) Before... Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) ESTATE AND GIFT TAXES ESTATE TAX; ESTATES OF DECEDENTS DYING AFTER AUGUST 16, 1954 Taxable Estate § 20.2056A-4 Procedures...

  6. Services that Span the Autism Spectrum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Secan, Kristin E.; Mason, Gwendolyn

    2013-01-01

    In 1980, Andrew Egel, then a young professor of special education at the University of Maryland, was elated to hear he had received a $300,000 grant from the National Institutes of Health to fund a model program in the public schools for children with autism. Reluctant at first, the Montgomery County Public Schools (MCPS) agreed to work with Egel…

  7. GRAIL Spots Gravity Anomaly

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2012-12-05

    A 300-mile-long linear gravity anomaly on the far side of the moon has been revealed by gravity gradients measured by NASA GRAIL mission. GRAIL data are shown on the left, with red and blue corresponding to stronger gravity gradients.

  8. 77 FR 60723 - Notice of Lodging of Proposed Consent Decree Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-04

    ...''), under Nevada Water Pollution Control Law, NRS Sec. 445A.300 to 445A.730, and Section 106 and 107 of the... necessary to achieve Performance Standards (specified in the ROD); collection and analysis of water samples from downstream points in the East Fork Owyhee River to determine if persistent water quality anomalies...

  9. Irrigation Comes to Staples

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lund, Duane R.

    1977-01-01

    Describes the case of Staples, Minnesota, where the vocational-technical school bought a 300-acre farm and with the help of a strong advisory committee was instrumental in changing the farming practices in an eight-county area. Emphasis is on the role and activities of the advisory committee; eleven specific contributions are listed. (HD)

  10. The Relations between Perfectionism and Suicidality: A Systematic Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Connor, Rory C.

    2007-01-01

    Since the 1980s, there has been a 300 percent increase in the number of published papers on perfectionism. Given the inconsistent findings in the literature, this systematic review examines, for the first time, the nature of the relationship between perfectionism and suicidality. To this end, the three main psychological and medical databases…

  11. Farm Laboratory Aids Post-Secondary Instruction in Agricultural Production

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Statler, Larry L.; Juhl, R. J.

    1970-01-01

    Reports a farm laboratory of 1500 swine, 40 beef cattle, 52 sheep, a 300-crop acres, and a full line of leased new farm machinery for post-secondary agricultural production students. A student board of directors manages the demonstration farm. (DM)

  12. Five Hundred Pages and a Topic of Her Own: Successfully Designing an Advanced Writing Course on 19th Century British Women Novelists

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Amy Criniti

    2009-01-01

    During the fourth year of Amy Phillips' teaching assistantship in the spring semester of 2008, she was asked to teach a 300-level advanced writing course in which she was given the creative freedom to design the syllabus, choose the textbooks, craft all assignments, and organize the course content. However, there was one stipulation: the course,…

  13. The Effect of "Superlearning Techniques" on the Vocabulary Acquisition and Alpha Brainwave Production of Language Learners.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wagner, Michael J.; Tilney, Germaine

    1983-01-01

    A group of adult intensive English students, language teachers, and graduate music education students were taught a 300-word German vocabulary list in a five-week period, some with and some without Baroque music but with superlearning techniques, and some by traditional techniques. Accelerated learning by superlearning methods could not be…

  14. Mechanical Milk: An Essay on the Social History of Infant Formula.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwab, Michael G.

    1996-01-01

    Describes how infant formula became an "icon of modernity" separating mothers from babies and causing health and social problems. Gives a 300-year social history of the rise in popularity of infant formula, covering aspects including the body as machine, rise of science and industrialization, formula and public health, the clean milk…

  15. Learning Pathways in Environmental Science Education: The Case of Hazardous Household Items

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malandrakis, George N.

    2006-01-01

    The present study draws on environmental science education to explore aspects of children's conceptual change regarding hazardous household items. Twelve children from a fifth-grade class attended a 300-h teaching module of environmentally oriented science activities aimed at assessing their awareness about the environmental and health hazards…

  16. Nuclear reactor power as applied to a space-based radar mission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jaffe, L.; Beatty, R.; Bhandari, P.; Chow, E.; Deininger, W.; Ewell, R.; Fujita, T.; Grossman, M.; Bloomfield, H.; Heller, J.

    1988-01-01

    A space-based radar mission and spacecraft are examined to determine system requirements for a 300 kWe space nuclear reactor power system. The spacecraft configuration and its orbit, launch vehicle, and propulsion are described. Mission profiles are addressed, and storage in assembly orbit is considered. Dynamics and attitude control and the problems of nuclear and thermal radiation are examined.

  17. Services that Span the Autism Spectrum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Secan, Kristin E.; Mason, Gwendolyn

    2013-01-01

    In 1980, Andrew Egel, then a young professor of special education at the University of Maryland, was elated to hear he had received a $300,000 grant from the National Institutes of Health to fund a model program in the public schools for children with autism. Reluctant at first, the Montgomery County Public Schools (MCPS) agreed to work with Egel…

  18. Interdisciplinary Teaching of Theatre and Human Rights in Honors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Szasz, Maria

    2017-01-01

    Since spring 2012, the author has taught a 300-level Theatre and Human Rights class in the University of New Mexico Honors College. One of the centerpieces of honors education is careful research and thorough analysis of what is taught and why it is taught. In creating the honors class Theatre and Human Rights, the author explored how she would…

  19. Suppression of cucumber powdery mildew by UV-B is affected by background light quality

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Brief (5-10 min) exposure to UV-B radiation (280-300 nm) suppressed powdery mildew (Podosphaera xanthii) on Cucumis sativus. The effect was enhanced by red light (600-660 nm), but offset by blue light (420-500 nm) and UV-A (300-420 nm). Compared to untreated controls, 2 h red light from specific lig...

  20. Development of Precoat Filtration Technology for Reverse Osmosis Units

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-11-20

    CONTRACT DAAK 70-79-C-0046 0 FINAL REPORT 0 DEVELOPMENT OF PRECOAT FILTRATION TECHNOLOGY FOR REVERSE OSMOSIS UNITS Submitted by: ,i JOHNS - MANVILLE SALES...NTU (Hach). The one square foot vertical leaf filter was set up at the Johns - Manville R&D Center as shown in Figure 1. A 300 gallon feed tank was

  1. Effects of Palagonitic Dust Coatings on Thermal Emission Spectra of Rocks and Minerals: Implications for Mineralogical Characterization of the Martian Surface by MGS-TES

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Graff, T. G.; Morris, R.; Christensen, P.

    2001-01-01

    Thermal emission measurements on dust-coated rocks and minerals show that a 300 5m thick layer is required to mask emission from the substrate and that non-linear effects are present. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.

  2. 78 FR 28826 - Village of Morrisville, Vermont; Notice of Application Tendered for Filing With the Commission...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-16

    ...-long, 15-foot-high concrete gravity weir that creates a 180-foot- long, 11-foot-deep stilling pool... concrete gravity dam and spillway with a crest elevation of 1,139 feet msl; (2) a 300-acre impoundment...: (1) A 384-foot-long, 37-foot-high concrete gravity dam comprised of a 138-foot-long...

  3. 78 FR 68045 - Village of Morrisville, Vermont; Notice of Application Accepted for Filing, Soliciting Motions To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-13

    ...); (2) a 45- foot-long, 15-foot-high concrete gravity weir that creates a 180-foot- long, 11-foot-deep...-high concrete gravity dam and spillway with a crest elevation of 1,139 feet msl; (2) a 300-acre...: (1) A 384-foot-long, 37-foot-high concrete gravity dam comprised of a 138-foot-long...

  4. Helium High Pressure Tanks at EADS Space Transportation New Technology with Thermoplastic Liner

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-07-13

    breadboards which were all successfully checked (geometrical and NDI: US and Xray ); figure 4 : Xray Control of a 300 L thermoplastic lined Tank 4...After testing, the tank was checked by NDI (ultrasonic, Xray ) and dimensional control. All the controls concluded in the total integrity of the tank

  5. The Effect of "Superlearning Techniques" on the Vocabulary Acquisition and Alpha Brainwave Production of Language Learners.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wagner, Michael J.; Tilney, Germaine

    1983-01-01

    A group of adult intensive English students, language teachers, and graduate music education students were taught a 300-word German vocabulary list in a five-week period, some with and some without Baroque music but with superlearning techniques, and some by traditional techniques. Accelerated learning by superlearning methods could not be…

  6. All Aboard the Internet. E to Go: The Internet in Your Pocket

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Descy, Don E.

    2006-01-01

    Some remember when they accessed the Internet through the telephone on a 300-baud modem. It was slow and it was not easy, but it gave them a view of the world. Now there is the web, idiot-proof email, and practically unlimited wireless connectivity. Having gone from desktop computers to laptops, now a major push is moving connectivity into the…

  7. A Model for Teaching Large Classes: Facilitating a "Small Class Feel"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, Rosealie P.; Pappas, Eric

    2017-01-01

    This paper presents a model for teaching large classes that facilitates a "small class feel" to counteract the distance, anonymity, and formality that often characterize large lecture-style courses in higher education. One author (E. P.) has been teaching a 300-student general education critical thinking course for ten years, and the…

  8. The invasion of southern forests by nonnative plants: current and future occupation, with impacts, management strategies, and mitigation approaches

    Treesearch

    James H. Miller; Dawn Lemke; John Coulston

    2013-01-01

    Key FindingsInvasive plants continue to escape into and spread through southern forests to eventually form exclusive infestations, and replace native communities to the detriment of forest productivity, biodiversity, ecosystem services, and human use potential.Over a 300-year period, invasive plants have been increasingly...

  9. 33 CFR 165.1712 - Safety Zones; Annual Independence Day Firework Displays, Skagway, Haines, and Wrangell, AK.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Day Firework Displays, Skagway, Haines, and Wrangell, AK. 165.1712 Section 165.1712 Navigation and... Areas Seventeenth Coast Guard District § 165.1712 Safety Zones; Annual Independence Day Firework... zones: (1) All navigable waters of Taiya Inlet within a 300-yard radius of the fireworks launching...

  10. 33 CFR 165.1712 - Safety Zones; Annual Independence Day Firework Displays, Skagway, Haines, and Wrangell, AK.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Day Firework Displays, Skagway, Haines, and Wrangell, AK. 165.1712 Section 165.1712 Navigation and... Areas Seventeenth Coast Guard District § 165.1712 Safety Zones; Annual Independence Day Firework... zones: (1) All navigable waters of Taiya Inlet within a 300-yard radius of the fireworks launching...

  11. English Language Learners in the Science Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lincoln, Felicia; Beller, Caroline

    2004-01-01

    The changing demographics within the nation's public schools present teachers with new challenges. According to the 2000 census, the state of Arkansas, for instance, experienced a 300 percent growth in its minority language populations since 1990. That means that educators in regions such as this, and across the nation, are faced with the dilemma…

  12. STUDY OF BUS TRANSPORTATION FOR RELIEF OF OVERCROWDEDNESS IN THE ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saint Louis Board of Education, MO.

    PRESENTED IS A REPORT ON WHAT ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI, AND 15 OTHER CITIES HAVING MORE THAN A 300,000 POPULATION ARE DOING WITH RESPECT TO THE USE OF BUS TRANSPORTATION IN RELIEVING OVERCROWDEDNESS RELATIVE TO THE PROCESS OF DESEGREGATION AND INTEGRATION OF THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS. THE REPORT CONTAINS FOUR SECTIONS--(1) BRIEF OVERVIEW OF THE PROBLEM OF BUS…

  13. Biotechnician Needs Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Charles W., III

    The need for the development of a biotechnician curriculum was investigated. A search for operational job descriptions for biotechnicians was conducted. Industry consensus was that this is a generic term too broad to be useful. Biotechnology companies within a 300-mile radius of Chicago and universities and other colleges in Illinois that hire…

  14. 11 CFR 300.61 - Federal elections (2 U.S.C. 441i(e)(1)(A)).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Federal elections (2 U.S.C. 441i(e)(1)(A)). 300.61 Section 300.61 Federal Elections FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION BIPARTISAN CAMPAIGN REFORM ACT OF 2002-(BCRA) REGULATIONS NON-FEDERAL FUNDS Federal Candidates and Officeholders § 300.61 Federal...

  15. 11 CFR 300.61 - Federal elections (2 U.S.C. 441i(e)(1)(A)).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Federal elections (2 U.S.C. 441i(e)(1)(A)). 300.61 Section 300.61 Federal Elections FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION BIPARTISAN CAMPAIGN REFORM ACT OF 2002-(BCRA) REGULATIONS NON-FEDERAL FUNDS Federal Candidates and Officeholders § 300.61 Federal...

  16. 11 CFR 300.61 - Federal elections (2 U.S.C. 441i(e)(1)(A)).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Federal elections (2 U.S.C. 441i(e)(1)(A)). 300.61 Section 300.61 Federal Elections FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION BIPARTISAN CAMPAIGN REFORM ACT OF 2002-(BCRA) REGULATIONS NON-FEDERAL FUNDS Federal Candidates and Officeholders § 300.61 Federal...

  17. STUDY OF BUS TRANSPORTATION FOR RELIEF OF OVERCROWDEDNESS IN THE ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saint Louis Board of Education, MO.

    PRESENTED IS A REPORT ON WHAT ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI, AND 15 OTHER CITIES HAVING MORE THAN A 300,000 POPULATION ARE DOING WITH RESPECT TO THE USE OF BUS TRANSPORTATION IN RELIEVING OVERCROWDEDNESS RELATIVE TO THE PROCESS OF DESEGREGATION AND INTEGRATION OF THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS. THE REPORT CONTAINS FOUR SECTIONS--(1) BRIEF OVERVIEW OF THE PROBLEM OF BUS…

  18. 24 CFR 100.204 - Reasonable accommodations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... dwelling. Example (2): Progress Gardens is a 300 unit apartment complex with 450 parking spaces which are available to tenants and guests of Progress Gardens on a first come first served basis. John applies for housing in Progress Gardens. John is mobility impaired and is unable to walk more than a short...

  19. 24 CFR 100.204 - Reasonable accommodations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... dwelling. Example (2): Progress Gardens is a 300 unit apartment complex with 450 parking spaces which are available to tenants and guests of Progress Gardens on a first come first served basis. John applies for housing in Progress Gardens. John is mobility impaired and is unable to walk more than a short...

  20. 24 CFR 100.204 - Reasonable accommodations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... dwelling. Example (2): Progress Gardens is a 300 unit apartment complex with 450 parking spaces which are available to tenants and guests of Progress Gardens on a first come first served basis. John applies for housing in Progress Gardens. John is mobility impaired and is unable to walk more than a short...

  1. Near-Road Mulltipollutant Profiles: Association between Volatile Organic Compounds and a Tracer Gas Surrogate Near a Busy Highway

    EPA Science Inventory

    This research characterizes associations between multiple pollutants in the near-road environment attributed to a roadway line source. It also examines the use of a tracer gas as a surrogate of mobile source pollutants. Air samples were collected in summa canisters along a 300 m ...

  2. Heads Up! The EMOs Are Coming.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Furtwengler, Carol B.

    1998-01-01

    Educational management organizations (EMOs) are for-profit, private companies that manage schools, including 10% of all charter schools. Major investment houses consider public education a $300 billion industry ripe for picking, due to three driving market forces--cost, quality, and consumer confidence. Three EMOs (TesseracT Group, Edison Project…

  3. The Performance of the Perfluorocarbon Liquid/Plastic Film Capacitor Technology in Repetitive Discharge Pulse Power Service

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-06-01

    capacitor rolls with per- fluorocarbon insulating liquids. At Los Alamos National Laboratory , we have installed and activated a 300-kW capacitor modulator. At...the 3rd IEEE International Pulse Power Conference in June 1981, a program between the Los Alamos National Laboratory and the Sandia National

  4. The Ubiquitous Clicker: SoTL Applications for Scientist-Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Landrum, R. Eric

    2013-01-01

    Over 5 semesters and 10 sections, students in a 300-level research methods course used clickers to respond to knowledge-based and opinion/attitude questions about clicker use, the effectiveness of assignments, self-confidence regarding skills and abilities, and more. Changes during the semester and student answers to questions about pedagogy and…

  5. Low Altitude Near-the-Horizon Propagation: A Comparison Between RPO and M-Layer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-12-01

    42 4. MATLAB Plotting M-file ............................. 45 APPENDIX B: PROPAGATION LOSS UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF A 300 M SURFACE-BASED...132 vi I. INTRODUCTION A. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND The importance of environmental effects on communication links and radar systems ...has been recognized for well over two decades. The proliferation of computer programs such as the Integrated Refraction Effects Prediction System (IREPS

  6. 300-Watt Power Source Development at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Valdez, Thomas I.

    2005-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation reviews the JPL program to develop a 300 Watt direct methanol fuel cell. The immediate use of the fuel cell is to power test instrumentation on armored vehicles. It reviews the challenges, the system design and the system demonstration.

  7. First Report of Pratylenchus neglectus, Pratylenchus thornei and Paratylenchus hametus nematodes causing yield reduction to dry land peas and lentils in Idaho

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    In June 2006, stunted, chlorotic, plants in large patches were observed in two 100-acre fields of dry land peas (Pisum sativum) in Latah County Idaho which resulted in 90% and 75% crop loss. In the same region a 300 acre field of dry land lentils (Lens culinaris) also had plants showing poor growth,...

  8. Effects of Palagonitic Dust Coatings on Thermal Emission Spectra of Rocks and Minerals: Implications for Mineralogical Characterization of the Martian Surface by MGS-TES

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Graff, T. G.; Morris, R.; Christensen, P.

    2001-01-01

    Thermal emission measurements on dust-coated rocks and minerals show that a 300 5m thick layer is required to mask emission from the substrate and that non-linear effects are present. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.

  9. Effects of Palagonitic Dust Coatings on Visible, Near-IR, and Mossbauer Spectra of Rocks and Minerals: Implication for Mineralogical Remote Sensing of Mars

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Morris, R.; Graff, T. G.; Shelfer, T. D.; Bell, J. F., III

    2001-01-01

    Visible, near-IR, and Mossbauer measurements on dust coated rocks and minerals show that a 300 5m thick layer is required to obscure the substrate for VNIR measurements and that a greater than 2000-micron-thick layer is required to obscure the substrate for Mossbauer measurements. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.

  10. Investigation of plasma contactors for use with orbiting wires

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Estes, Robert D.

    1987-01-01

    The results of a number of orbital simulations for a 300km orbital height and 28 degrees orbital inclination are included to emphasize the importance of the choice of the timing of the experiments. The bulk of the effort has gone into trying to determine the shape, size, and other optical properties of the plasma clouds that will be emitted by the hollow cathodes.

  11. 78 FR 33807 - Privacy Act New System of Records

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-05

    ... U.S.C. App. Sec. 2401 et seq.; E.O. 11625; 77 FR 49699 (Aug. 16, 1012). ROUTINE USES OF RECORDS..., Office of the Secretary, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1401 Constitution Avenue NW., Suite A300, Room A326... Programs. SUMMARY: This notice announces the Department's proposal for a new system of records under the...

  12. Nuclear reactor power as applied to a space-based radar mission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jaffe, L.; Beatty, R.; Bhandari, P.; Chow, E.; Deininger, W.; Ewell, R.; Fujita, T.; Grossman, M.; Bloomfield, H.; Heller, J.

    1988-01-01

    A space-based radar mission and spacecraft are examined to determine system requirements for a 300 kWe space nuclear reactor power system. The spacecraft configuration and its orbit, launch vehicle, and propulsion are described. Mission profiles are addressed, and storage in assembly orbit is considered. Dynamics and attitude control and the problems of nuclear and thermal radiation are examined.

  13. Alcohol project

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-12-01

    The Great Western Sugar Company has announced plans for the construction of a $300 million plant for the production of fuel grade alcohol from corn. The plant at Reserve, Lousiana, will also produce high fructose corn syrup and animal feed by-products and will employ an additional 200 people.

  14. Irrigation Comes to Staples

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lund, Duane R.

    1977-01-01

    Describes the case of Staples, Minnesota, where the vocational-technical school bought a 300-acre farm and with the help of a strong advisory committee was instrumental in changing the farming practices in an eight-county area. Emphasis is on the role and activities of the advisory committee; eleven specific contributions are listed. (HD)

  15. 7 CFR 300.3 - Reference Manual A.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reference Manual A. 300.3 Section 300.3 Agriculture..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE § 300.3 Reference Manual A. (a) The Reference Manual for...(a) and 1 CFR part 51. (b) Availability. Copies of Reference Manual A: (1) Are available...

  16. 33 CFR 165.941 - Safety Zones; Annual Fireworks Events in the Captain of the Port Detroit Zone.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...), Detroit, MI: (i) Location: All waters of the Detroit River within a 300-foot radius of the fireworks.... (3) Au Gres City Fireworks, Au Gres, MI: (i) Location: All waters of Saginaw Bay within a 700-foot... located at the end of the pier near the end of Riverside Drive in Au Gres, MI. (ii) Expected date:...

  17. Second harmonic generation of spectrally broadened femtosecond ytterbium laser radiation in a gas-filled capillary

    SciTech Connect

    Didenko, N V; Konyashchenko, Aleksandr V; Kostryukov, P V; Losev, Leonid L; Tenyakov, S Yu

    2011-09-30

    A 300-fs radiation pulse of an ytterbium laser with a wavelength of 1030 nm and energy of 150 {mu}J were converted to a 15-fs pulse with a wavelength of 515 nm by broadening the emission spectrum in a capillary filled with xenon and by generating the second harmonic in a KDP crystal. The energy efficiency of the conversion was 30 %.

  18. All Aboard the Internet. E to Go: The Internet in Your Pocket

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Descy, Don E.

    2006-01-01

    Some remember when they accessed the Internet through the telephone on a 300-baud modem. It was slow and it was not easy, but it gave them a view of the world. Now there is the web, idiot-proof email, and practically unlimited wireless connectivity. Having gone from desktop computers to laptops, now a major push is moving connectivity into the…

  19. 33 CFR 110.77 - Amistad Reservoir, Tex.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Amistad Reservoir, Tex. 110.77... ANCHORAGE REGULATIONS Special Anchorage Areas § 110.77 Amistad Reservoir, Tex. (a) Diablo East, Tex. That portion of the Amistad Reservoir enclosed by a line connecting the following points, excluding a 300-foot...

  20. Motor Control of Landing from a Jump in Simulated Hypergravity.

    PubMed

    Gambelli, Clément N; Theisen, Daniel; Willems, Patrick A; Schepens, Bénédicte

    2015-01-01

    On Earth, when landing from a counter-movement jump, muscles contract before touchdown to anticipate imminent collision with the ground and place the limbs in a proper position. This study assesses how the control of landing is modified when gravity is increased above 1 g. Hypergravity was simulated in two different ways: (1) by generating centrifugal forces during turns of an aircraft (A300) and (2) by pulling the subject downwards in the laboratory with a Subject Loading System (SLS). Eight subjects were asked to perform counter-movement jumps at 1 g on Earth and at 3 hypergravity levels (1.2, 1.4 and 1.6 g) both in A300 and with SLS. External forces applied to the body, movements of the lower limb segments and muscular activity of 6 lower limb muscles were recorded. Our results show that both in A300 and with SLS, as in 1 g: (1) the anticipation phase is present; (2) during the loading phase (from touchdown until the peak of vertical ground reaction force), lower limb muscles act like a stiff spring, whereas during the second part (from the peak of vertical ground reaction force until the return to the standing position), they act like a compliant spring associated with a damper. (3) With increasing gravity, the preparatory adjustments and the loading phase are modified whereas the second part does not change drastically. (4) The modifications are similar in A300 and with SLS, however the effect of hypergravity is accentuated in A300, probably due to altered sensory inputs. This observation suggests that otolithic information plays an important role in the control of the landing from a jump.

  1. Motor Control of Landing from a Jump in Simulated Hypergravity

    PubMed Central

    Gambelli, Clément N.; Theisen, Daniel; Willems, Patrick A.; Schepens, Bénédicte

    2015-01-01

    On Earth, when landing from a counter-movement jump, muscles contract before touchdown to anticipate imminent collision with the ground and place the limbs in a proper position. This study assesses how the control of landing is modified when gravity is increased above 1 g. Hypergravity was simulated in two different ways: (1) by generating centrifugal forces during turns of an aircraft (A300) and (2) by pulling the subject downwards in the laboratory with a Subject Loading System (SLS). Eight subjects were asked to perform counter-movement jumps at 1 g on Earth and at 3 hypergravity levels (1.2, 1.4 and 1.6 g) both in A300 and with SLS. External forces applied to the body, movements of the lower limb segments and muscular activity of 6 lower limb muscles were recorded. Our results show that both in A300 and with SLS, as in 1 g: (1) the anticipation phase is present; (2) during the loading phase (from touchdown until the peak of vertical ground reaction force), lower limb muscles act like a stiff spring, whereas during the second part (from the peak of vertical ground reaction force until the return to the standing position), they act like a compliant spring associated with a damper. (3) With increasing gravity, the preparatory adjustments and the loading phase are modified whereas the second part does not change drastically. (4) The modifications are similar in A300 and with SLS, however the effect of hypergravity is accentuated in A300, probably due to altered sensory inputs. This observation suggests that otolithic information plays an important role in the control of the landing from a jump. PMID:26505472

  2. Algorithme d'optimisation du profil vertical pour un segment de vol en croisiere avec une contrainte d'heure d'arrivee requise

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dancila, Radu Ioan

    FMS platform produced by CMC Electronics - Esterline for an Airbus A310 aircraft model. The performance of the algorithm was evaluated using two aircraft models, Airbus A310 and Sukhoi RRJ, three LNAV profiles and three wind profiles.

  3. Proteoglycan regulation of goldfish retinal explant growth on optic tectal membranes.

    PubMed

    Su, Yung-Kang; Elam, John S

    2003-05-14

    Regenerating goldfish retinal explants cultured on poly-L-lysine overlaid with membranes isolated from 21-day regenerating 1/3 anterior optic tectum (Ant. OTec) exhibited extensive defasciculated neurite outgrowth. Heparatinase treatment of membranes caused the complete inhibition of neurite outgrowth on that substrate. Western blot analysis showed that the OTec membranes contain a 300 kDa heparan sulfate proteoglycan. Explants cultured on 21-day regenerating 1/3 Ant. OTec membranes in the presence of 1 mM beta-xyloside, an axonal proteoglycan synthesis inhibitor, showed a significant reduction in the number of neurites per explant and in the average neurite length. Taken all together, the present results provide evidence that a 300-kDa membrane HSPG present in the Ant. OTec is necessary for axonal outgrowth and that axonal PGs are involved in modulating outgrowth on 21-day regenerating 1/3 Ant. OTec membranes.

  4. Vortex research facility improvements and preliminary density stratification effects on vortex wakes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Satran, D. R.; Holbrook, G. T.; Greene, G. C.; Neuhart, D.

    1985-01-01

    Recent modernization of NASA's Vortex Research Facility is described. The facility has a 300-ft test section, scheduled for a 300-ft extension, with constant test speeds of the model up to 100 ft/sec. The data acquisition hardware and software improvements included the installation of a 24-channel PCM system onboard the research vehicle, and a large dedicated 16-bit minicomputer. Flow visualization of the vortex wake in the test section is by particle seeding, and a thin sheet of argon laser light perpendicular to the line of flight; detailed flow field measurements are made with a laser velocimeter optics system. The improved experimental capabilities of the facility were used in a study of atmospheric stratification effects on wake vortex decay, showing that the effects of temperature gradient must be taken into account to avoid misleading conclusions in wake vortex research.

  5. An integrated approach to 300 kV electrostatic discharge application during component testing that will satisfy MIL-STD-331B Appendix F

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lehmann, Monty R.; Nial, Jack; Whitaker, Mike

    1992-11-01

    The widely differing methods of producing and applying a 300 kV electrostatic stimulus to components during testing to satisfy MIL-STD-331B Appendix F has resulted in uncertainty about the validity of some test results data. Problems encountered in test methodology are examined and possible solutions are proposed. The resulting integrated systematic approach is presented; specific equipment is described, and sample waveforms are shown. Test procedures are presented in a standardized format.

  6. High temperature arc-track resistant aerospace insulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dorogy, William

    1994-01-01

    The topics are presented in viewgraph form and include the following: high temperature aerospace insulation; Foster-Miller approach to develop a 300 C rated, arc-track resistant aerospace insulation; advantages and disadvantages of key structural features; summary goals and achievements of the phase 1 program; performance goals for selected materials; materials under evaluation; molecular structures of candidate polymers; candidate polymer properties; film properties; and a detailed program plan.

  7. 37 CFR 1.482 - International preliminary examination fees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Authority: (A) For an international preliminary examination fee paid on or after January 1, 2014: By a micro entity (§ 1.29) $150.00 By a small entity (§ 1.27(a)) $300.00 By other than a small or micro entity $600... paid on or after January 1, 2014: By a micro entity (§ 1.29) $190.00 By a small entity (§ 1.27(a))...

  8. Autonomous Sensor Motes Employing Liquid-Bearing Rotary Stages

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-06

    diameter disk etched from a 300 µm thick silicon wafer . Photoresist and DRIE etch form frontside features for permanent magnet alignment, as well as...disks are patterned and released by DRIE through- wafer etch. 2 2 P WfSL = Fig. 8. Fabrication process flow for superhydrophobic rotor. Fig. 9...prominent bumps and grooves at the sidewalls of the pillars. These bumps /grooves have been shown to create stable/unstable equilibrium points at the

  9. International Space Station Bus Regulation With NASA Glenn Research Center Flywheel Energy Storage System Development Unit

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kascak, Peter E.; Kenny, Barbara H.; Dever, Timothy P.; Santiago, Walter; Jansen, Ralph H.

    2001-01-01

    An experimental flywheel energy storage system is described. This system is being used to develop a flywheel based replacement for the batteries on the International Space Station (ISS). Motor control algorithms which allow the flywheel to interface with a simplified model of the ISS power bus, and function similarly to the existing ISS battery system, are described. Results of controller experimental verification on a 300 W-hr flywheel are presented.

  10. Atomic structure of a symmetric 27{degrees}[001] tilt grain boundary in MgO

    SciTech Connect

    Yan, Yanfa; Chisholm, M.F.; Pennycook, S.J.

    1997-04-01

    The atomic structure of a symmetric 27 degree[001] tilt grain boundary in magnesium oxide has been determined by high-resolution Z-contrast imaging using a 300kV VG HB603U scanning transmission electron microscope with a 1.3 A probe. The atomic configuration in the grain boundary core is found to be considerably less open than the structures proposed for similar materials.

  11. High-throughput ion beam analysis at imec

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meersschaut, J.; Vandervorst, W.

    2017-09-01

    We describe the ion beam analysis activities at imec. Rutherford backscattering spectrometry and time of flight-energy (TOF-E) elastic recoil detection analysis are pursued to support the nano-electronics research and development. We outline the experimental set-up and we introduce a new data acquisition software platform. Finally, we illustrate the use of Rutherford backscattering spectrometry to map the thickness of a metallic thin film on a 300 mm Si wafer.

  12. Design of a Geothermal Downhole Magnetic Flowmeter

    SciTech Connect

    Glowka, Dave A.; Normann, Randy A.

    2015-06-15

    This paper covers the development of a 300°C geothermal solid-state magnetic flowmeter (or magmeter) to support in situ monitoring of future EGS (enhanced geothermal system) production wells. Existing flowmeters are simple mechanical spinner sensors. These mechanical sensors fail within as little as 10 hrs, while a solid-state magmeter has the potential for months/years of operation. The design and testing of a magnetic flow sensor for use with existing high-temperature electronics is presented.

  13. The Role of Electronically Excited States and Free Radicals in Ultraviolet-Induced Lens Opacification.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-12-01

    43 17 EPR spectrum of free radicals trapped with DMPO in N- formyl kynurenine irradiated at 300 nm for 10 minutes...Free Radicals from Some Aromatic Species in Ocular Proteins: Phenylalanine, Histidine, and N- Formyl Kynurenine; Irradiation Wavelength and Time...N - FORMYL KYNURENINE / DMPO v = 9.500 GHz A = 300 nm t = 10 min III 3330 3380 3430 G Figure 17. EPR spectrum of free radicals trapped with DMPO in N

  14. Introduction of Women into Work Groups in Traditionally Male Career Fields: Annotated Bibliography.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-06-01

    esteem is multidimensional . The emerging factors of self - esteem are: self - derogation , leadership-popularity, family-parents, and assertiveness...Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press, 1965. A 300-item adjective checklist for obtaining several indices of self esteem is presented. The test ...Scale and a Performance Self - Esteem Scale (PSES). High PSES ratings were positively related to non-traditional sex role attitudes and negatively related

  15. Chow Bahir rift: A “failed” rift in southern Ethiopia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    W-Gabriel, Giday; Aronson, James L.

    1987-05-01

    The Chow Bahir rift system is a major graben in a 300-km-broad rift zone recognized in southern Ethiopia between the Kenyan and Ethiopian domes where the East African rift is not well defined. An extinct (failed) rift discovered along the Omo Canyon to the north and on strike with the Chow Bahir rift ceased activity about 4 m.y. ago. Chow Bahir is in a younger stage of abandonment as the main Ethiopian rift propagates south into this region.

  16. Liquid Metal-Wetted Niobium Fiber Brushes and Braid Close Clearance Collectors in Magnetic Fields Comparison

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-08-01

    300-kW homopolar generator. Collector rip velocities varied from zero to 67 m/sec, currents from zero to 4,000 A, and magnetic fields from zero to 1.2...collectors is highly desirable because it makes the implementation of homopolar machinery attractive for a variety of applica- tions.’ Liquid metals can...current collector is its operation in an electrical machine. The collectors described here will be operated in a 300-kW superconducting homopolar

  17. Wind shear measuring on board an airliner

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Krauspe, P.

    1984-01-01

    A measurement technique which continuously determines the wind vector on board an airliner during takeoff and landing is introduced. Its implementation is intended to deliver sufficient statistical background concerning low frequency wind changes in the atmospheric boundary layer and extended knowledge about deterministic wind shear modeling. The wind measurement scheme is described and the adaptation of apparatus onboard an A300 airbus is shown. Preliminary measurements made during level flight demonstrate the validity of the method.

  18. Low-Energy Tunable Self-Modulated Nanolasers (1.1 SHORT-TERM INNOVATIVE RESEARCH (STIR) PROGRAM)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-09-28

    atomic layer deposition (ALD) to reduce the field-metal overlap and therefore, the metal cavity loss (Fig. 5b). Subsequently, a 300nm layer of silver...this new design, a conductive electrode, made by Indium Tin Oxide (ITO), constitutes an additional layer deposited on the dielectric shield layer (SiO2...is to deposit an oxide layer and ITO on top of the gain, which is currently in progress. Technology Transfer Fig. 1. Schematic of the proposed

  19. 11 CFR 300.61 - Federal elections (2 U.S.C. 441i(e)(1)(A)).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Federal elections (2 U.S.C. 441i(e)(1)(A)). 300.61 Section 300.61 Federal Elections FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION BIPARTISAN CAMPAIGN REFORM ACT OF... elections (2 U.S.C. 441i(e)(1)(A)). No person described in 11 CFR 300.60 shall solicit, receive,...

  20. This NASA Dryden F/A-18 is participating in the Automated Aerial Refueling (AAR) project. F/A-18 (No

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    A NASA Dryden F/A-18 is participating in the Automated Aerial Refueling (AAR) project. F/A-18 (No. 847) is acting as an in-flight refueling tanker in the study to develop analytical models for an automated aerial refueling system for unmanned vehicles. A 300-gallon aerodynamic pod containing air-refueling equipment is seen beneath the fuselage. The hose and refueling basket are extended during an assessment of their dynamics on the F/A-18A.

  1. Maglev ready for prime time.

    SciTech Connect

    Rote, D. M.; Johnson, L. R.; Energy Systems

    2003-01-01

    Putting Maglev on Track' (Issues, Spring 1990) observed that growing airline traffic and associated delays were already significant and predicted that they would worsen. The article argued that a 300-mile-per-hour (mph) magnetic levitation (maglev) system integrated into airport and airline operations could be a part of the solution. Maglev was not ready for prime time in 1990, but it is now.

  2. Determination of the Secondary Bjerknes Force in Acoustic Resonators on Ground and in Microgravity Conditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Castro, Luz Angelica; Hoyos, Mauricio

    2016-04-01

    We propose an experimental methodology to determine the secondary Bjerknes force between rigid particles. Measurements done for different particles sizes showed acoustical inter particles interactions. We use and extend the methodology presented in a previous work. The determination of this force will lead us a better understanding of the aggregation process in acoustic resonators. We report in this work, the results of two parabolic flights campaigns performed at the Airbus A300 ZERO-G (Novespace, France).

  3. Blunt Impact Performance Characteristics of the Advanced Combat Helmet and the Paratrooper and Infantry Personnel Armor System for Ground Troops Helmet

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-08-01

    protect against concussive head injury. Subsequent acquisitions of the SPH-4 helmet imposed a 300 G peak acceleration limit. Further impact protection...Hot Ambient Cron FonColden EnvironmentBack Left Right L Nape R Nape Cold Site Figure 10. Mean impact accelerations (G) of the Paratrooper PASGT tested... acceleration results obtained at the ambient condition, the hot and cold conditions were not tested. 27 Initial versus subsequent impacts The peak

  4. Confined to grow?. Publication dynamics and the proliferation of scientific journals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Daruka, Istvan

    2014-01-01

    The number of research papers published yearly shows a staggering exponential growth. One can in fact witness a century-long publication avalanche (Fig.1). According to the two major databases INSPEC and Thomson Reuters, there is a 300-fold increase in the number of published items since the year 1900. The world of science has recently reached such a level of proliferating complexity that its structural evolution itself poses challenging scientific problems.

  5. Systems aspects of a space nuclear reactor power system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jaffe, L.; Fujita, T.; Beatty, R.; Bhandari, P.; Chow, E.; Deininger, W.; Ewell, R.; Grossman, M.; Bloomfield, H.; Heller, J.

    1988-01-01

    Various system aspects of a 300-kW nuclear reactor power system for spacecraft have been investigated. Special attention is given to the cases of a reusable OTV and a space-based radar. It is demonstrated that the stowed length of the power system is important to mission design, and that orbital storage for months to years may be needed for missions involving orbital assembly.

  6. Upgrading of NASA-Ames high-energy hypersonic facilities: A Study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shepard, Charles E.; Carlson, William C. A.

    1988-01-01

    This study reviews facility capabilities of NASA, Ames Research Center to simulate hypersonic flight with particular emphasis on arc heaters. Scaling laws are developed and compared with ARCFLO II calculations and with existing data. The calculations indicate that a 300 MW, 100 atmosphere arc heater is feasible. Recommendations for the arc heater, which will operate at voltages up to 50 kilovolts, and the associated elements needed for a test facility are included.

  7. Tunable 3D extended self-assembled gold metamaterials with enhanced light transmission.

    PubMed

    Salvatore, Stefano; Demetriadou, Angela; Vignolini, Silvia; Oh, Sang Soon; Wuestner, Sebastian; Yufa, Nataliya A; Stefik, Morgan; Wiesner, Ulrich; Baumberg, Jeremy J; Hess, Ortwin; Steiner, Ullrich

    2013-05-21

    The optical properties of metamaterials made by block copolymer self-assembly are tuned by structural and environmental variations. The plasma frequency red-shifts with increasing lattice constant and blue-shifts as the network filling fraction increases. Infiltration with dielectric liquids leads also to a red-shift of the plasma edge. A 300 nm-thick slab of gyroid-structured gold has a remarkable transmission of 20%.

  8. Systems aspects of a space nuclear reactor power system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jaffe, L.; Fujita, T.; Beatty, R.; Bhandari, P.; Chow, E.; Deininger, W.; Ewell, R.; Grossman, M.; Bloomfield, H.; Heller, J.

    1988-01-01

    Various system aspects of a 300-kW nuclear reactor power system for spacecraft have been investigated. Special attention is given to the cases of a reusable OTV and a space-based radar. It is demonstrated that the stowed length of the power system is important to mission design, and that orbital storage for months to years may be needed for missions involving orbital assembly.

  9. Area Equivalent Method on LOTUS 1-2-3TM.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-07-01

    727200 23 KTETP 56 727100 24 DCH6 57 727D15 25 4EP so 72709 26 T&P 59 72707 27 CONTEP 60 727015 26 CONSEP 61 727D17 29 KD135 62 A300 30 C10 63 767 31 F4...LOTUS 1-2-3 4-5 Instruction Comment STEP 7. Wait for the cursor to appear [FG] invokes the GOTO command in coordinate H15 . If you are and H5 indicates

  10. Fiber Optic Delivery Of Argon Ion Laser Radiation For Open Endarterectamy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eugene, John; Carey, Joseph S.; Cukingnan, Ramon A.; Hammer-Wilson, Marie; Berns, Michael W.

    1988-06-01

    Open laser endarterectany has progressed from a laboratory to a clinical procedure for peripheral vascular disease. Argon ion laser endarterectamy was performed in 3 patients using power 1.0W to 1.5W delivered through a 300 μm quartz fiber. Endarterectamy length ranged from 6.0 cm to 30.0 cm. No laser complications have occurred and arterial patency has been confirmed at up to one year follow-up.

  11. 78 FR 44111 - FFP Project 123, LLC; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted for Filing and Soliciting...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-23

    ...-foot-wide tailrace with a 300-foot- long retaining wall; (4) a 4.16/36.7 kilo-Volt (kV) substation; and (5) a 1.0-mile-long, 36.7kV transmission line. The proposed project would have an average annual... notices of intent must meet the requirements of 18 CFR 4.36. Comments, motions to intervene, notices of...

  12. Compact Cr:ZnS Channel Waveguide Laser Operating at 2333 nm

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-24

    Okhrimchuk, V. Mezentsev, A. Shestakov, and I. Bennion, “Low loss depressed cladding waveguide inscribed in YAG:Nd single crystal by femtosecond laser ...demonstrated mid-infrared laser operation [2–5]. Chromium laser technology has matured to demonstrate high power, widely tunable, and narrow line- width ...the laser output was measured using a 300 mm monochromator (Gilden Photonics) capable of resolving a minimum line- width of 0.4 nm. The spectrum was

  13. The Role of Fuel Cells in the Supply of Silent Power for Operations in Littoral Waters

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-04-01

    the last ten years, Siemens have developed a 34 kW PEM fuel cell for module for AIP (see figure 3) and a 300 kW assembly of these modules (see...process. This is a reversible poison for the platinum catalyst used in PEM fuel cells and therefore purification of the gas is required before it is...LOX tanks outside the pressure hull provides a greater degree of safety, although internal storage is practised, and models have demonstrated

  14. Structure-Activity Relationships of Substituted 1-Pyridyl-2-Phenyl-1,2-Ethanediones: Potent, Selective Carboxylesterase Inhibitors

    PubMed Central

    Young, Brandon M.; Hyatt, Janice L.; Bouck, David C.; Chen, Taosheng; Hanumesh, Parimala; Price, Jeanine; Boyd, Vincent A.; Potter, Philip M.; Webb, Thomas R.

    2010-01-01

    Inhibition of intestinal carboxylesterases may allow modification of the pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamic profile of existing drugs by altering half-life or toxicity. Since previously identified diaryl ethane-1,2-dione inhibitors are decidedly hydrophobic, a modified dione scaffold was designed and elaborated into a >300 member library, which was subsequently screened to establish the SAR for esterase inhibition. This allowed the identification of single digit nanomolar hiCE inhibitors that showed improvement in both selectivity and measured solubility. PMID:21105730

  15. Advanced Fiber Reinforced Thermoplastic Structures

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-04-01

    MONITORING AGENCY NAME 6 AODRESS(,f different from (.ASAL gOfhce) IS SECURITY CLASS tof this report), Unclassified 15.. DECL ASSI FICA ; ION DOWN ORAOING 16...Matched Die Rib Tooling and Completed Rib 204 135 YC-14 Elevator Subassemblies 205 4 136 YC-14 Elevator Spar Web Assemblies 205 LI 137 Details...Task XII--Cost and Payoff Analysis A detailed cost analysis was made to determine the cost of the GRTP elevator for a 300-aircraft producton run. This

  16. Central research project report on superconductivity (FY 1988). Part 2. Magnetic-field gradiometer tank seeker. Final report, Sep 88-Sep 89

    SciTech Connect

    Nicoll, J.F.; Balko, B.; Garcia, K.K.

    1990-01-01

    A feasibility study is described herein for the use of a magnetic field gradiometer SQUID sensor, as a tank seeker and guidance system. It was determined that an antitank missile could be guided by a gradiometer to the target if delivered into a 300-meter bucket with the tank at the center. Problems of ambiguity, multiple targets and decoys, both deliberate and accidental, are discussed with numerical examples.

  17. Advanced Simulator for Pilot Training: Effects of Collimation on Accommodation and Vergence

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-09-01

    Training ( ASPT ), used for training R&D by AFHRL, employs seven collimated display windows to provide a virtual image covering a 300 degree horizontal by...with relatively low luminance and contrast. One potential solution to the limited lumirance and contrast of the ASPT display system is simply to remove...while viewing ASPT imagery through a ILIOS. Measurements were made while the observer viewed a dynamic computer-generated scene representing the pilot’s

  18. Power conditioning electronics for a 500 Wh inertial energy storage system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Eakin, Vickie J.; Rodriguez, G. Ernest; Paulkovich, John

    1989-01-01

    A description is given of a pulse-width-modulated buck-boost converter designed to interface a 500 Wh inertial energy storage system operating from 70 to 140 VDC to a constant bus of 150 VDC. Implementation of hysteresis feedback control provides excellent voltage regulation. The design is based on a 300-Wh, 94 percent Wh efficient prototype and is currently being optimized to yield 97 percent overall watt-hour efficiency.

  19. Diamond detector for alpha-particle spectrometry.

    PubMed

    Dueñas, J A; de la Torre Pérez, J; Martín Sánchez, A; Martel, I

    2014-08-01

    An artificially grown high purity diamond was used as a detector for alpha-particle spectrometry. Diamond detectors can match the performance of silicon detectors employed in standard continuous air monitoring systems. Its radiation hardness and electronic properties make them ideal to work under extreme condition such as high temperature and ambient lights. A 50 μm thickness single-crystal diamond detector has been compared with a 300 μm passivated implanted planar silicon detector, under ambient conditions.

  20. The significance of wing end configuration in airfoil design for civil aviation aircraft

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zimmer, H.

    1979-01-01

    Lift-dependent induced drag in commercial aviation aircraft is discussed, with emphasis on the necessary compromises between wing and configuration modifications which better lift performance and the weight gains accompanying such modifications. Triangular, rectangular and elliptical configurations for wing ends are considered; attention is also given to airfoil designs incorporating winglets. Water tunnel tests of several configurations are reported. In addition, applications of wing and modifications to advanced technology commercial aviation aircraft and the Airbus A-300 are mentioned.

  1. 77 FR 64701 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-23

    .... (1) Airbus Model A300 B2-1A, B2-1C, B2K-3C, B2-203, B4-2C, B4- 103, and B4-203 airplanes. (2) Airbus... after the effective date of this AD: Submit the report within 90 days after the inspection. (2) If the... days, be extended to 90 days, because it might not have immediate access to maintenance vendors...

  2. Strategic Capacity RNLA Central Maintenance Depot for Electronic Materials (ECW), Investigation into the Future Workload of ECW. (Strategische Omvang Elektronische Centrale Werkplaats (ECW) onderzoek naar de toekomstige werkiast van ECW)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-03-01

    installatie van lokale netwerken RVS /EM Artillerie MeetMiddelen Meteo (5 stuks ) RVS MOR (3 stuks ) Geluid Meet Dienst (4 stuks ) Perba (80 stuks ) Vo-meters...200 A 300 stuks ) In tweede instantie is bezien of werkzaamheden die apart vermeld staan, tot een gemeenschappelijke technologiecel gerekend kunnen...Leopard) 12 Sensoren Meteo (5 stuks ) MOR (3 stuks ) Geluid Meet Dienst (4 stuks ) Perba (80 stuks ) VO-meters (200 ý 300 stuks ) EOV RPV 13 IT systemen

  3. Spectral Large-Eddy Simulation/Filtered Mass Density Function (LES/FMDF) for Simulation of Turbulent Combustion Interaction in High Speed Flow on Unstructured Grids

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-10-01

    35 Figure 13: Sample Plot of EV Viscosity and its Corresponding Velocity Field for a Case with 2 P17 Elements at t = 0.5...Whitney Rocketdyne-built air breading scramjet engine accelerated the vehicle to Mach 5. The program had a goal for a 300 s flight to Mach 6 but after 140...polynomials passing through the corresponding points. The solution of the discretized equations is collocated on nodal points in physical space. If

  4. Defense Conference on Nondestructive Testing (28th), 27-29 November 1979

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-11-29

    253 "NDI and Fracture Mechanics Analysis of a 300 HP Wind Machine Motor Shaft " H. W. Bennett, Jr., R. L. Dougids, R. D. Overley, WSMR...similar on-going inspections to assure the continued reliability of the fornwird and aft main rotor shafts . A periodic inspection of each shaft is...adherence; 3. ietali~zed coating thickness ualiformity and actual coating thickness meassurments on Irregularl y contoured surfaces; and 4. detmetion

  5. Effect of dissolved organic matter on nitrate-nitrogen removal by anion exchange resin and kinetics studies.

    PubMed

    Song, Haiou; Yao, Zhijian; Wang, Mengqiao; Wang, Jinnan; Zhu, Zhaolian; Li, Aimin

    2013-01-01

    The effects of dissolved organic matter (DOM) on the removal of nitrate-nitrogen from the model contaminated water have been investigated utilizing the strong base anion exchange resins. With the increase of gallic acid concentration from 0 to 400 mg/L, the adsorption amount of nitrate-nitrogen on the commercial resins, including D201, Purolite A 300 (A300) and Purolite A 520E (A520E), would significantly decrease. However, the presence of tannin acid has little impact on nitrate-nitrogen adsorption on them.Compared to D201 and A300 resins, A520E resin exhibited more preferable adsorption ability toward nitrate-nitrogen in the presence of competing organic molecules, such as gallic acid and tannin acid at greater levels in aqueous solution. Attractively, the equilibrium data showed that the adsorption isotherm of nitrate-nitrogen on A520E resin was in good agreement with Langmuir and Freundlich equations. The rate parameters for the intra particle diffusion have been estimated for the different initial concentrations. In batch adsorption processes, nitrate-nitrogen diffuse in porous adsorbent and rate process usually depends on t1/2 rather than the contact time. The pseudo first- and the second-order kinetic models fit better for nitrate-nitrogen adsorption onto A520E resin. The observations reported herein illustrated that A520E resin will be an excellent adsorbent for enhanced removal of nitrate-nitrogen from contaminated groundwater.

  6. Completely CMOS compatible SiN-waveguide-based fiber coupling structure for Si wire waveguides.

    PubMed

    Maegami, Yuriko; Okano, Makoto; Cong, Guangwei; Ohno, Morifumi; Yamada, Koji

    2016-07-25

    For Si wire waveguides, we designed a highly efficient fiber coupling structure consisting of a Si inverted taper waveguide and a CMOS-compatible thin SiN waveguide with an SiO2 spacer inserted between them. By using a small SiN waveguide with a 310 nm-square core, the optical field can be expanded to correspond to a fiber with a 4.0-μm mode field diameter. A coupled waveguide system with the SiN waveguide and Si taper waveguide can provide low-loss and low-polarization-dependent mode conversion. Both losses in fiber-SiN waveguide coupling and SiN-Si waveguide mode conversion are no more than 1 dB in a wide wavelength bandwidth from 1.36 μm to 1.65 μm. Through a detailed analysis of the effective refractive indices in the coupled waveguide system, we can understand mode conversion accurately and also derive guidelines for reducing the polarization dependence and for shortening device length.

  7. Diatom Mimics: Directing the Formation of Biosilica Nanoparticles by Controlled Folding of Lysine-Leucine Peptides

    PubMed Central

    Baio, Joe E.; Zane, Ariel; Jaeger, Vance; Roehrich, Adrienne M.; Lutz, Helmut; Pfaendtner, Jim; Drobny, Gary P.; Weidner, Tobias

    2015-01-01

    Silaffins, long chain polyamines, and other biomolecules found in diatoms are involved in the assembly of a large number of silica nanostructures under mild, ambient conditions. Nanofabrication researchers have sought to mimic the diatom's biosilica production capabilities by engineering proteins to resemble aspects of naturally occurring biomolecules. Such mimics can produce monodisperse biosilica nanospheres, but in vitro production of the variety of intricate biosilica nanostructures that compose the diatom frustule is not yet possible. In this study we demonstrate how LK peptides, composed solely of lysine (K) and leucine (L) amino acids arranged with varying hydrophobic periodicities, initiate the formation of different biosilica nanostructures in vitro. When L and K residues are arranged with a periodicity of 3.5 the α-helical form of the LK peptide produces monodisperse biosilica nanospheres. However, when the LK periodicity is changed to 3.0, corresponding to a 310 helix, the morphology of the nanoparticles changes to elongated rod-like structures. β-strand LK peptides with a periodicity of 2.0 induce wire-like silica morphologies. This study illustrates how the morphology of biosilica can be changed simply by varying the periodicity of polar and nonpolar amino acids. PMID:25285787

  8. Concentrations of selected contaminants in cabin air of airbus aircrafts.

    PubMed

    Dechow, M; Sohn, H; Steinhanses, J

    1997-07-01

    The concentrations of selected air quality parameters in aircraft cabins were investigated including particle numbers in cabin air compared to fresh air and recirculation air, the microbiological contamination and the concentration of volatile organic compounds (VOC). The Airbus types A310 of Swissair and A340 of Lufthansa were used for measurements. The particles were found to be mainly emitted by the passengers, especially by smokers. Depending on recirculation filter efficiency the recirculation air contained a lower or equal amount of particles compared to the fresh air, whereas the amount of bacteria exceeded reported concentrations within other indoor spaces. The detected species were mainly non-pathogenic, with droplet infection over short distances identified as the only health risk. The concentration of volatile organic compounds (VOC) were well below threshold values. Ethanol was identified as the compound with the highest amount in cabin air. Further organics were emitted by the passengers--as metabolic products or by smoking--and on ground as engine exhaust (bad airport air quality). Cleaning agents may be the source of further compounds.

  9. [Intensive care within the context of military long-distance transport].

    PubMed

    Hossfeld, B; Rohowsky, B; Rödig, E; Lampl, L

    2004-05-01

    Due to the changed task spectrum of the German Federal Armed Forces with participation in international deployments for UN and NATO the concept of Aeromedical Evacuation (MedEvac) gained a new quality for the Air Force as well as for the Medical Corps. The transport of mostly severely injured or critically ill patients requires both, medical equipment which has to be permanently adapted to the national standard, and qualified intensive-care-personnel. At present, the aircrafts used for such deployments are four C-160 Transall, one CL-601 Challenger and two Airbus A310, which, if necessary, can be equipped with one or more intensive-care "patient transportation units" (PTU). Contrary to the two other aircrafts, the CL-601 Challenger is only equipped for the intensive-care transport of one individual patient. The PTU corresponds to the technical equipment of the intensive care unit of a level-1-trauma centre and ensures an intensive-care therapy on highest level also during longer transportation. The work with this equipment, the characteristics of the long-distance air transport and the special situation of the military deployment causes special demands on the qualifications of the assigned personnel. Primarily planned for the repatriation of injured or ill soldiers, in the mean time, this concept is also essential for the medevac of civilian victims after mass casualties worldwide.

  10. Self-assembly of complex two-dimensional shapes from single-stranded DNA tiles.

    PubMed

    Wei, Bryan; Vhudzijena, Michelle K; Robaszewski, Joanna; Yin, Peng

    2015-05-08

    Current methods in DNA nano-architecture have successfully engineered a variety of 2D and 3D structures using principles of self-assembly. In this article, we describe detailed protocols on how to fabricate sophisticated 2D shapes through the self-assembly of uniquely addressable single-stranded DNA tiles which act as molecular pixels on a molecular canvas. Each single-stranded tile (SST) is a 42-nucleotide DNA strand composed of four concatenated modular domains which bind to four neighbors during self-assembly. The molecular canvas is a rectangle structure self-assembled from SSTs. A prescribed complex 2D shape is formed by selecting the constituent molecular pixels (SSTs) from a 310-pixel molecular canvas and then subjecting the corresponding strands to one-pot annealing. Due to the modular nature of the SST approach we demonstrate the scalability, versatility and robustness of this method. Compared with alternative methods, the SST method enables a wider selection of information polymers and sequences through the use of de novo designed and synthesized short DNA strands.

  11. Long-path measurements of pollutants and micrometeorology over Highway 401 in Toronto

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Staebler, R. M.; You, Y.; Mittermeier, R. L.; Moussa, S.; Liggio, J.; Su, Y.

    2015-12-01

    Highway traffic emissions are an important source of air pollution, especially in urban areas. Traffic-related pollution has been linked to a number of adverse health effects, such as respiratory problems, cancer, heart failure, and a general increase in mortality. Determining the pollutants involved and quantifying their emission rates is paramount in developing high resolution air quality models to predict future developments with some confidence. Highway 401, as it passes through Toronto, is the world's busiest highway with a typical traffic volume of over 450,000 vehicles per day. In July 2015, three weeks of measurements were conducted over the 401 with an open-path FTIR (Fourier Transform infra-red) spectrometer in parallel with a scintillometer, integrating a variety of gas concentrations as well as turbulence parameters over a 310m path length. Relationships between traffic volume, micrometeorological conditions and the build-up and venting of pollutants on the highway are analyzed and quantified, demonstrating the role of stratification and turbulence in the accumulation and dispersal of traffic emissions. The feasibility of deriving emission rates by combining the micrometeorological data from the scintillometer with the gas concentrations from the FTIR using an inverse dispersion approach is investigated. The suitability of this novel approach for long-term monitoring of emissions is discussed. The findings will be compared with output from a high-resolution air quality model (GEM-MACH) to aid future improvements in the sub-grid parameterization of pollutant dispersion.

  12. What Pilots like (and Don't Like) About the New Cockpit Technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Curry, R. E.

    1984-01-01

    Pilot's perceptions of the new cockpit technology in the B-767 are discussed. Although the data reported were taken from the introductory experience of the B-767, it is felt that similar, if not identical, results would be obtained with any other new cockpit technology aircraft, i.e., the A310. The following conclusions were drawn from the information collected thus far: A large majority of the pilots enjoy flying the B-767 more than the older airplanes. The pilots accept the new cockpit technology, and they choose to use it because they find it useful. The pilots are aware of the possible loss of flying skill with the presence of automation, and they hand fly (usually with flight director) to prevent this loss. There is no evidence of loss of skills from the data collected. The primary points of confusion or surprise were autothrottle/autopilot interactions; the autopilot during the wrong way or not capturing the course; and achieving desired results with the Flight Management System/Control Display Unit (FMS/CDU). The pilots felt training for the FMS/CDU could be improved, and they especially wanted more hands on experience.

  13. Effects of FOXO Genotypes on Longevity: A Biodemographic Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Cheng, Lingguo; Chen, Huashuai; Cao, Huiqing; Hauser, Elizabeth R.; Liu, Yuzhi; Xiao, Zhenyu; Tan, Qihua; Tian, Xiao-Li; Vaupel, James W.

    2010-01-01

    Based on data from 760 centenarians and 1060 middle-age controls (all Han Chinese), this article contributes biodemographic insights and syntheses concerning the magnitude of effects of the FOXO genotypes on longevity. We also estimate independent and joint effects of the genotypes of FOXO1A and FOXO3A genes on long-term survival, considering carrying or not-carrying the minor allele of the single-nucleotide polymorphism of another relevant gene. We found substantial gender differences in the independent effects; positive effects of FOXO3A and negative effects of FOXO1A largely compensate each other if one carries both, although FOXO3A has a stronger impact. Ten-year follow-up cohort analysis shows that at very advanced ages 92–110, adjusted for various confounders, positive effects of FOXO3A on survival remain statistically significant, but no significant effects of FOXO1A alone; G × G interactions between FOXO1A-209 and FOXO3A-310 or FOXO3A-292 decrease survival likelihood by 32%–36% (p < .05); G × E interactions between FOXO1A-209 and regular exercise increase survival likelihood by 31%–32% (p < .05). PMID:20884733

  14. Controlling the multiport nature of Bragg diffraction in atom interferometry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Parker, Richard H.; Yu, Chenghui; Estey, Brian; Zhong, Weicheng; Huang, Eric; Müller, Holger

    2016-11-01

    Bragg diffraction has been used in atom interferometers because it allows signal enhancement through multiphoton momentum transfer and suppression of systematics by not changing the internal state of atoms. Its multiport nature, however, can lead to parasitic interferometers, allows for intensity-dependent phase shifts in the primary interferometers, and distorts the ellipses used for phase extraction. We study and suppress these unwanted effects. Specifically, phase extraction by ellipse fitting and the resulting systematic phase shifts are calculated by Monte Carlo simulations. Phase shifts arising from the thermal motion of the atoms are controlled by spatial selection of atoms and an appropriate choice of Bragg intensity. In these simulations, we found that Gaussian Bragg pulse shapes yield the smallest systematic shifts. Parasitic interferometers are suppressed by a "magic" Bragg pulse duration. The sensitivity of the apparatus was improved by the addition of ac Stark shift compensation, which permits direct experimental study of sub-part-per-billion (ppb) systematics. This upgrade allows for a 310 ℏ k momentum transfer, giving 6.6 Mrad measured in a Ramsey-Bordé interferometer.

  15. Uncoupling protein 2 from carp and zebrafish, ectothermic vertebrates.

    PubMed

    Stuart, J A; Harper, J A; Brindle, K M; Brand, M D

    1999-09-01

    Uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) is of demonstrated importance in mammalian thermogenesis, and early hypotheses regarding the functions of the newly discovered UCP homologues, UCP2, UCP3 and others, have focused largely on their potential roles in thermogenesis. Here we report the amino acid sequences of two new UCPs from ectothermic vertebrates. UCPs from two fish species, the zebrafish (Danio rerio) and carp (Cyprinus carpio), were identified in expressed sequence tag databases at the European Molecular Biology Laboratory. cDNAs from a C. carpio 'peritoneal exudate cell' cDNA library and from a D. rerio 'day 0 fin regeneration' cDNA library were obtained and fully sequenced. Each cDNA encodes a 310 amino acid protein with an average 82% sequence identity to mammalian UCP2s. The fish UCP2s are about 70% identical to mammalian UCP3s, and 60% identical to mammalian UCP1s. Carp and zebrafish are ectotherms--they do not raise their body temperatures above ambient by producing excess heat. The presence of UCP2 in these fish thus suggests the protein may have function(s) not related to thermogenesis.

  16. Initiation of cyp26a1 Expression in the Zebrafish Anterior Neural Plate by a Novel Cis-Acting Element

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Chunhong; Stedman, Aline; Havis, Emmanuelle; Anselme, Isabelle; Onichtchouk, Daria; Giudicelli, François; Schneider-Maunoury, Sylvie

    2016-01-01

    Early patterning of the vertebrate neural plate involves a complex hierarchy of inductive interactions orchestrated by signalling molecules and their antagonists. The morphogen retinoic acid, together with the Cyp26 enzymes which degrade it, play a central role in this process. The cyp26a1 gene expressed in the anterior neural plate thus contributes to the fine modulation of the rostrocaudal retinoic acid gradient. Despite this important role of cyp26a1 in early brain formation, the mechanisms that control its expression in the anterior neural plate are totally unknown. Here, we present the isolation of a 310-base-pair DNA element adjacent to cyp26a1 promoter, displaying enhancer activity restricted to the anterior neural plate of the zebrafish gastrula. We show that unlike that of cyp26a1, expression driven by this cyp26a1 anterior neural plate element (cANE) is independent of retinoic acid. Through deletion analysis, we identify a 12-nucleotide motif essential for cANE activity. A consensus bipartite binding site for SoxB:Oct transcription factors overlaps with this motif. Mutational analysis suggests that SoxB binding is essential for its activity. We discuss the contribution of this study to the elucidation of the regulatory hierarchy involved in early neural plate patterning. PMID:26959238

  17. Structural and biochemical basis for ubiquitin ligase recruitment by arrestin-related domain-containing protein-3 (ARRDC3).

    PubMed

    Qi, Shiqian; O'Hayre, Morgan; Gutkind, J Silvio; Hurley, James H

    2014-02-21

    After protracted stimulation, the β2-adrenergic receptor and many other G-protein-coupled receptors are ubiquitinated and down-regulated. Arrestin-related domain-containing protein-3 (ARRDC3) has been proposed to recruit the ubiquitin ligase Nedd4 to the β2-adrenergic receptor. ARRDC3 contains two PPXY motifs that could potentially interact with any of the four WW domains of Nedd4. Here we dissect the interaction determinants. ARRDC3 PPXY-Nedd4 WW dissociation constants vary from unmeasurable to Kd = 3 μM for the third WW domain of Nedd4 binding to the first PPXY motif of ARRDC3. Structures of the uncomplexed and PPXY1-bound WW3 domain were determined at 1.1 and 1.7 Å resolution. The structures revealed conformational changes upon binding and the hydrogen bonding network in exquisite detail. Tight packing of ARRDC3 Val-352', part of a 310 helix at the C terminus of PPXY1, is important for high affinity binding to WW3. Although no single WW domain is strictly essential for the binding of Nedd4 and ARRDC3 expressed in HEK293 cells, high affinity binding of full-length ARRDC3 and Nedd4 is driven by the avid interaction of both PPXY motifs with either the WW2-WW3 or WW3-WW4 combinations, with Kd values as low as 300 nM.

  18. Quantifying the risks of unexploded ordnance at closed military bases.

    PubMed

    MacDonald, Jacqueline A; Small, Mitchell J; Morgan, M Granger

    2009-01-15

    Some 1,976 sites at closed military bases in the United States are contaminated with unexploded ordnance (UXO) left over from live-fire weapons training. These sites present risks to civilians who might come into contact with the UXO and cause it to explode. This paper presents the first systems analysis model for assessing the explosion risks of UXO at former military training ranges. We develop a stochastic model for estimating the probability of exposure to and explosion of UXO, before and after site cleanup. An application of the model to a 310-acre parcel at Fort Ord, California, shows that substantial risk can remain even after a site is declared clean. We estimate that risk to individual construction workers of encountering UXO that explodes would range from 4 x 10(-4) to 5 x 10(-2), depending on model assumptions, well above typical Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) target risk levels of 10(-4) to 10(-6). In contrast, a qualitative UXO risk assessment method, the Munitions and Explosives of Concern Hazard Assessment (MEC HA), developed by an interagency work group led by the EPA, indicates that the explosion risk at the case study site is low and "compatible with current and determined or reasonably anticipated future risk." We argue that a quantitative approach, like that illustrated in this paper, is necessary to provide a more complete picture of risks and the opportunities for risk reduction.

  19. Laccaic Acid A Is a Direct, DNA-competitive Inhibitor of DNA Methyltransferase 1*

    PubMed Central

    Fagan, Rebecca L.; Cryderman, Diane E.; Kopelovich, Levy; Wallrath, Lori L.; Brenner, Charles

    2013-01-01

    Methylation of cytosines in CpG dinucleotides is the predominant epigenetic mark on vertebrate DNA. DNA methylation is associated with transcriptional repression. The pattern of DNA methylation changes during development and with disease. Human DNA methyltransferase 1 (Dnmt1), a 1616-amino acid multidomain enzyme, is essential for maintenance of DNA methylation in proliferating cells and is considered an important cancer drug target. Using a fluorogenic, endonuclease-coupled DNA methylation assay with an activated form of Dnmt1 engineered to lack the replication foci targeting sequence domain, we discovered that laccaic acid A (LCA), a highly substituted anthraquinone natural product, is a direct inhibitor with a 310 nm Ki. LCA is competitive with the DNA substrate in in vitro methylation assays and alters the expression of methylated genes in MCF-7 breast cancer cells synergistically with 5-aza-2′-deoxycytidine. LCA represents a novel class of Dnmt-targeted molecular probes, with biochemical properties that allow it to distinguish between non DNA-bound and DNA-bound Dnmt1. PMID:23839987

  20. What Pilots like (and Don't Like) About the New Cockpit Technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Curry, R. E.

    1984-01-01

    Pilot's perceptions of the new cockpit technology in the B-767 are discussed. Although the data reported were taken from the introductory experience of the B-767, it is felt that similar, if not identical, results would be obtained with any other new cockpit technology aircraft, i.e., the A310. The following conclusions were drawn from the information collected thus far: A large majority of the pilots enjoy flying the B-767 more than the older airplanes. The pilots accept the new cockpit technology, and they choose to use it because they find it useful. The pilots are aware of the possible loss of flying skill with the presence of automation, and they hand fly (usually with flight director) to prevent this loss. There is no evidence of loss of skills from the data collected. The primary points of confusion or surprise were autothrottle/autopilot interactions; the autopilot during the wrong way or not capturing the course; and achieving desired results with the Flight Management System/Control Display Unit (FMS/CDU). The pilots felt training for the FMS/CDU could be improved, and they especially wanted more hands on experience.

  1. Alanine 310 is important for the activity of 1,4-α-glucan branching enzyme from Geobacillus thermoglucosidans STB02.

    PubMed

    Liu, Yiting; Li, Caiming; Gu, Zhengbiao; Xin, Chenhao; Cheng, Li; Hong, Yan; Li, Zhaofeng

    2017-04-01

    1,4-α-Glucan branching enzyme (GBE) catalyzes the formation of α-1,6 branch points in starch or glycogen by hydrolyzing α-1,4-glucosidic linkages and then synthesizing α-1,6-glucosidic linkages. In the GBE from Geobacillus thermoglucosidans STB02, alanine 310 (Ala310) is located in conserved region II. An analysis of the amino acid sequence shows that Ala310 is highly conserved in the prokaryotic GBE subfamily. Site-directed mutagenesis was used to determine the function of Ala310 in GBE. Replacement of Ala310 with glycine, aspartate, asparagine, isoleucine, glutamate, or glutamine resulted in mutant enzymes with less than 10% to 25% of wild-type activity when amylopectin or amylose was used as substrate. Studies using high-performance anion exchange chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection (HPAEC-PAD) showed that A310G mutant had no effect on the transfer pattern, but the branching activity had been repressed to a large extent. Kinetic analysis also showed that mutations of Ala310 had an effect on the KM value that changed the preferred substrate from amylopectin to amylose. These results show that Ala310 is important for the catalytic activity of the GBE from G. thermoglucosidans STB02.

  2. Thermophysical and Electronic Properties of Foreign Nonstainless Alloy Steels, Carbon Steels, and Cast Irons, A Comprehensive Survey of the World Literature,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-11-01

    0.8 Mn + 0.4 C / D U 4 .... ............... 345-0077 0.8 Mn + 0.6 C /C 60 .... ............... 345-0391 0.8 Mn + 0.5 Ni .... ............... 345-0389...3 j6- 0 0 4 5 c; N~ 1. (1.1.66 1976 N 306-0103 1 c. Pd P E E31.5 1967 E , 3 60 - 31 4 C s c 3 £127. E I-5 l±977 3400 s c N F EI4" 1 "f 0-3* 9OE 1"P...C Ii 14Z0’.’± 19t0 A 310-0801 5 1 N 6 70k41.1 14067 a .113-t56.. S C N R 7323JL t1 19-9 A 313-0802 S c h G ick.;4115 155-7 60 Ei~ A8,~ a-9bSEARCH

  3. Absence of the mecA Gene in Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from Different Clinical Specimens in Shendi City, Sudan

    PubMed Central

    Elhassan, Mogahid M.; Ozbak, Hani A.; Hemeg, Hassan A.; Elmekki, Miskelyemen A.; Ahmed, Leila M.

    2015-01-01

    Absolute dependence on mecA gene as the defining standard in determining the resistance of S. aureus to methicillin became the subject of distrust by many researchers. The present study aimed to determine the frequency of mecA gene in methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA) isolates using polymerase chain reaction and to correlate its presence to conventional method. In this regard, two hundred S. aureus isolates were collected from patients with different diseases attending different hospitals in Shandi City, Sudan. Phenotypic Kirby-Bauer method confirmed the existence of methicillin resistant S. aureus in 61.5% of the subjected isolates with MICs ranging from 4 μg/mL to 256 μg/mL when using E-test. However, when amplifying a 310 bp fragment of the mecA gene by PCR, twelve out of the 123 MRSA isolates (9.8%) were mecA negative, whereas all the 77 methicillin sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) were mecA negative. In conclusion, this study drew attention to the credibility of the mecA gene and its usefulness in the detection of all MRSA strains without referring to the traditional methods. Hence, it is highly recommended to consider alternative mechanisms for β-lactam resistance that may compete with mecA gene in the emergence of MRSA phenomenon in the community. PMID:26290877

  4. Fourier Analysis of Conservation Patterns in Protein Secondary Structure.

    PubMed

    Palaniappan, Ashok; Jakobsson, Eric

    2017-01-01

    Residue conservation is a common observation in alignments of protein families, underscoring positions important in protein structure and function. Though many methods measure the level of conservation of particular residue positions, currently we do not have a way to study spatial oscillations occurring in protein conservation patterns. It is known that hydrophobicity shows spatial oscillations in proteins, which is characterized by computing the hydrophobic moment of the protein domains. Here, we advance the study of moments of conservation of protein families to know whether there might exist spatial asymmetry in the conservation patterns of regular secondary structures. Analogous to the hydrophobic moment, the conservation moment is defined as the modulus of the Fourier transform of the conservation function of an alignment of related protein, where the conservation function is the vector of conservation values at each column of the alignment. The profile of the conservation moment is useful in ascertaining any periodicity of conservation, which might correlate with the period of the secondary structure. To demonstrate the concept, conservation in the family of potassium ion channel proteins was analyzed using moments. It was shown that the pore helix of the potassium channel showed oscillations in the moment of conservation matching the period of the α-helix. This implied that one side of the pore helix was evolutionarily conserved in contrast to its opposite side. In addition, the method of conservation moments correctly identified the disposition of the voltage sensor of voltage-gated potassium channels to form a 310 helix in the membrane.

  5. DC buffering and floating current for a high voltage IMB application

    SciTech Connect

    Morrison, J. L.

    2014-08-01

    An interface technique for the latest generation of the Impedance Measurement Box (IMB) has been conceived to enable measurement of impedance spectra for battery modules up to 300V. A 300V capable or higher IMB is an enabling technology for in-situ diagnostics within electric vehicle charging stations or battery back-ups within power distribution sub-stations. It is possible that the existing IMB can be adapted via a 300V interface module to a test battery with voltage significantly greater than 50V. Recently a new concept was conceived for the calibration, algorithm and electronics of the IMB. That algorithm and calibration for that concept have been physically validated. The principal feature of the new electronics is the floating current source excitation of the battery under test. The single ended current excitation of the battery under test, used in the 50V IMB, requires that the negative terminal of the test battery must be the analog ground for the IMB. The new floating current technique allows the test battery to be fully high impedance isolated for a measurement. That isolation will improve IMB noise immunity and enable interrogation of cells internal to a battery module. All these techniques still use the same rapid concept for impedance measurement with the IMB. The purpose of this disclosure is to provide an overview of the analytical validation for three concepts to interface the floating current excitation to a high voltage battery. Recursive simulation models were used in different test scenarios to validate the various new concepts. The analysis will show that it is possible to interface the floating signal current to obtain an impedance measurement on a high voltage test battery. Additionally, the analysis will investigate stress seen by electronics while testing a 300V battery.

  6. Study of V2 vasopressin receptor hormone binding site using in silico methods

    PubMed Central

    Sebti, Yeganeh; Sardari, Soroush; Sadeghi, Hamid Mir Mohammad; Ghahremani, Mohammad Hossein; Innamorati, Giulio

    2015-01-01

    The antidiuretic effect of arginine vasopressin (AVP) is mediated by the vasopressin V2 receptor. The docking study of AVP as a ligand to V2 receptor helps in identifying important amino acid residues that might be involved in AVP binding for predicting the lowest free energy state of the protein complex. Whereas previous researchers were not able to detect the exact site of the ligand-receptor binding, we designed the current study to identify the vasopressin V2 receptor hormone binding site using bioinformatic methods. The 3D structure of nonapeptide hormone vasopressin was extracted from Protein Data Bank. Since no suitable template resembling V2 receptor was found, an ab initio approach was chosen to model the protein receptor. Using protein docking methods such as Hex protein-protein docking, the model of V2 receptor was docked to the peptide ligand AVP to identify possible binding sites. The residues that involved in binding site are W293, W296, D297, A300, and P301. The lowest free energy state of the protein complex was predicted after mutation in the above residues. The amount of gained energies permits us to compare the mutant forms with native forms and help to asses critical changes such as positive and negative mutations followed by ranking the best mutations. Based on the mutation/docking predictions, we found some mutants such as W293D and A300E possess positively inducing effect in ligand binding and some of them such as A300R present negatively inducing effect in ligand binding. PMID:26600856

  7. Enhanced optical clearing of skin in vivo and optical coherence tomography in-depth imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wen, Xiang; Jacques, Steven L.; Tuchin, Valery V.; Zhu, Dan

    2012-06-01

    The strong optical scattering of skin tissue makes it very difficult for optical coherence tomography (OCT) to achieve deep imaging in skin. Significant optical clearing of in vivo rat skin sites was achieved within 15 min by topical application of an optical clearing agent PEG-400, a chemical enhancer (thiazone or propanediol), and physical massage. Only when all three components were applied together could a 15 min treatment achieve a three fold increase in the OCT reflectance from a 300 μm depth and 31% enhancement in image depth Zthreshold.

  8. DFVLR/FAA (Deutsche Forschungs-und Versuchsanstalt fuer Luft und Raumfahrt/Federal Aviation Administration) Propeller Noise Tests in the German-Dutch Wind Tunnel DNW. Appendix V. The Effect of Propeller Disc-Plane Attitude (Propeller 2: Thickness 8.5%, Square Tip-Shape),

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-01-01

    100 PlX 1. ul -100 cl -200 0L a- -300 -400 -i PMIN= -340.2 -500 1 .0 .5 1.0 TIME - REV. 120 AVERAGE (70) P IOWER SPECTRUM OF= 11 .2 Hz 110 00 0...268 4: 3.60 T: 288.6 K, AVERAGE (68) TIME HISTOPY (AP < 56 %) PMAX= 60.9 50 -- ,’-qJ .. 50 TIME- 0 ul -50 Lu a., -,,ɜ - Io -200 r18 . .0 .5 1.0 TIME

  9. History of the Army Ground Forces. Study Number 13. Activation and Early Training of ’D’ Division

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1948-06-30

    headquarters. The tests con- sisted of push-ups; a 300-yard run; burpees , a 75 yard pig-a-back run in which each participant carried a man of approximately...CONTENTS,. Page Prefatory Note I - Preactivation Period, 1 `-Act ivation. 10 >Basic Training. 11 The NP Test , 17 ’ýUnit Training, 24 K:,Platoon...Profioiency Test , 25 --The Special Battle Courses 29 .-.(Infiltration, Combat-in-Cities, Close Combat), "PReorgainzation under T/0&0 dated 15 July 1943, 36

  10. Design of a large-scale CFB boiler

    SciTech Connect

    Darling, S.; Li, S.

    1997-12-31

    Many CFB boilers sized 100--150 MWe are in operation, and several others sized 150--250 MWe are in operation or under construction. The next step for CFB technology is the 300--400 MWe size range. This paper will describe Foster Wheeler`s large-scale CFB boiler experience and the design for a 300 MWe CFB boiler. The authors will show how the design incorporates Foster Wheeler`s unique combination of extensive utility experience and CFB boiler experience. All the benefits of CFB technology which include low emissions, fuel flexibility, low maintenance and competitive cost are now available in the 300--400 MWe size range.

  11. Evaluation of ToxTrak (Trademark) for Analysis of Protein Toxin Toxicity

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-10-01

    Batelle : Columbus, OH, 2003. 7 2.2 Ricin Dialysis. Ricin as received from the vendor was dialyzed into 10 mM phosphate buffered saline (10 mM P0 4, 150 mM...Testing System; Batelle : Columbus, OH, 2003. 13 % Inhibition Vs. Lysozyme Conc. (Laurel,Tryptose Broth Tubs_ 50 30 M , -- A - 100A 2o- A 300 400 500 660 C...Itach Coinpan.l ToxTrakTm Rapid Toxicity Testing System; Batelle : Columbus, OH, 2003. 16

  12. Mechanisms of Smoke Reduction in the High-Pressure Combustion of Emulsified Fuels. Volume II. Experimental and Theoretical Study of Evaporating Emulsified and Neat Fuel Sprays.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-12-01

    drop systems. The drop-size data are available as either a set of two parameters defining a Rosin - Rammler , log-normal, or normal distribution, or as...the Rosin - Rammler has generally provided the best fit and was used throughout this program. A 300 mm focal length f/7.3 lens was used to collect the...temperataire of 311 K. The computed drop size data assuming a Rosin - Rammler distribution are shown on the top line and include the two Rosin

  13. New Nanoscale Imaging with a Simple Hard X-Ray Nanoslit

    SciTech Connect

    Takano, H.; Hashimoto, T.; Tsusaka, Y.; Kagoshima, Y.; Tsuji, T.; Koyama, T.

    2011-09-09

    A simple and new procedure to measure the optimal intensity distribution of an x-ray wavefield in nanoscale resolution is proposed. A heavy-metal wire can work as a ''nanoslit'' with a nanoscale aperture size. Its basic function can be described simply with geometrical optics using total reflection. The further function is investigated with numerical calculation of a diffraction edge. In the experiment, Fresnel fringes generated by a rectangular aperture were measured by using a 300-{mu}m platinum wire as the nanoslit. Its high potential use in imaging applications is discussed.

  14. Time-lapse CCD imagery of plasma-tail motions in Comet Austin

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Klinglesmith, Daniel A., III; Niedner, Malcolm B., Jr.; Oliversen, R. J.; Westpfahl, David J.

    1991-01-01

    The appearance of the bright comet Austin 1989c1 in April-May of 1990 allowed us to test a new imaging instrument at the Joint Observatory for Cometary Research (JOCR). It is a 300mm lens/charge coupled device (CCD) system with interference filters appropriate for cometary emissions. The 13 frames were made into a time-lapse movie showing the evolution of the plasma tail. We were able to follow at least two large-scale waves out through the main tail structure. During the sequence, we saw two new tail rays form and undergo similar wave motion.

  15. Oriented strand board feasibility study for Venezuelan production. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect

    1995-08-01

    This study, conducted by Wallace Industrial Constructors, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency. The report shows the results of a feasibility study done as a joint venture with Delfino Group to design, build and operate and market a 300 million square foot Oriented Strand Board facility. The report covers the technical process of making the product, as well as enviromental considerations and impact. The study id divided into the following sections: Introduction and Executive Summary: (1) Schenck/Drawings; (2) Sensitivites; (3)Historical Summary A; (4) Historical Summary B; (5) Guss Report 5/94; (6) Stoddard Report; (7) WA State Study; (8) Waferboard Pricing.

  16. The use of alloy 117 as a liquid metal current collector

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maribo, David; Sondergaard, Neal

    1987-09-01

    Low melting point, bismuth based alloys are potential replacements for NaK78 as liquid metal slip ring material because of their lower reactivity and potentially greater hydrodynamic stability. This paper describes experiments with one such alloy in a model of a 300 kW superconducting homopolar motor using close clearance braid type collectors. Slip ring tip velocities varied from 5 to 20 m/s and currents ranging from 500 to 2000 A. Viscous power losses tend to follow a simple turbulent mode. In all, the data supports the use of low melting point alloys as an alternative to Na78.

  17. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Db-300 (Dubnium)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Db-300 (Dubnium, atomic number Z = 105, mass number A = 300).

  18. High-sensitivity, high-frequency extrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometric fiber-tip sensor based on a thin silver diaphragm.

    PubMed

    Guo, Fawen; Fink, Tom; Han, Ming; Koester, Lucas; Turner, Joseph; Huang, Jinsong

    2012-05-01

    We propose and demonstrate a fiber-tip sensor based on an ultra-thin silver diaphragm for highly sensitive and high frequency ultrasonic detection. The diaphragm is prepared by the vacuum thermal deposition method and then transferred to the fiber tip. The sensor demonstrated in this letter has a 300 nm thick diaphragm with an inner diameter of 75 μm, leading to a static pressure sensitivity of 1.6 nm/kPa and a resonant frequency of 1.44 MHz. This sensor has potential applications in many fields such as structural health monitoring and medical ultrasonography.

  19. Thin epitaxial silicon PIN detectors for thermal neutron detection with improved gamma (γ) discrimination

    SciTech Connect

    Singh, Arvind Topkar, Anita

    2016-05-23

    In order to improve the gamma discrimination capability for thermal neutron measurements using silicon PIN detectors, a novel approach of use of thin epitaxial silicon PIN detectors was investigated. Thin epitaxial silicon detectors with thickness of 15 µm were developed and their performance was tested with thermal neutrons using {sup 10}B converter. The performance of this detector was compared with the performance of a 300 µm silicon detector. The results of experiments presented in this paper indicate that thin epitaxial silicon detectors can significantly improve γ discrimination for thermal neutron measurements.

  20. Enhanced preconcentration of selected chlorofluorocarbons on multiwalled carbon nanotubes with polar functionalities.

    PubMed

    Saridara, Chutarat; Hussain, Chaudhery Mustansar; Ragunath, Smruti; Mitra, Somenath

    2015-02-01

    Chromatographic monitoring of chlorofluorocarbons in air requires the preconcentration of these highly volatile species. In this paper, we present functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes as effective sorbents for a microtrap designed for chlorofluorocarbons preconcentration. Among the commercial carbons and carbon nanotubes studied, functionalization via carboxylation and propyl amine was most effective for dichlorofluoromethane and trichlorofluoromethane (Freon 11), which were selected as representative chlorofluorocarbons. The results show that carbon nanotubes functionalized with a polar groups led to as much as a 300% increase in breakthrough volume and the desorption bandwidth was reduced by 2.5 times.

  1. South Bangkok combined cycle plant technical feasibility study. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-07-01

    The report, written by Black and Veatch International, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand. It establishes the conceptual design for the installation of a 300 MW combined cycle unit at the South Bangkok Plant. It is divided into the following sections: Gas/Oil Resource Assessment; Water Resources Assessment; Bases of Design; Site Arrangement; Generation Plant Arrangement; Conceptual Design; Transmission System Integration; Capital and Operating Cost Estimate; and Project Implementation.

  2. A methanol/oxygen burning combustor for an aircraft auxiliary emergency power unit

    SciTech Connect

    Carr, E.; Todd, H. , Burnley, Lancashire )

    1989-01-01

    The development of advanced single-engine aircraft with reduced stability and Fly-by-Wire control systems requires the provision of emergency hydraulic and electrical power from a stored energy system. The desire to achieve this objective using readily available fluids of low toxicity has led to the development of a methanol/oxygen burning combustor to provide a hot gas stream to drive a small turbine. The paper describes the performance of a 300 kW output combustor, which is cooled by the methanol consumed.

  3. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Pa-300 (Protactinium)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Pa-300 (Protactinium, atomic number Z = 91, mass number A = 300).

  4. Culture and spray-drying of Tsukamurella paurometabola C-924: stability of formulated powders.

    PubMed

    Hernández, Armando; Weekers, Fréderic; Mena, Jesús; Pimentel, Eulogio; Zamora, Jesús; Borroto, Carlos; Thonart, Philippe

    2007-11-01

    The nematocidal agent, Tsukamurella paurometabola C-924, was cultured in a 300 l bioreactor. Spray-dried formulations of this microorganism were prepared using sucrose. At an outlet temperature 62 degrees C, survival rates between 12 and 85% were reached with sucrose up to 10% (w/w). The stability study of the powders showed that the best storage condition was at 4 degrees C under vacuum. A new method for the calculation of cell death order for bacteria stored at low temperatures was developed. Powders stored under vacuum showed an Arrhenius behavior in relation to cell death kinetics.

  5. Impact of Vehicles on Smoke Spread Dynamics in the Case of Fire in Road Tunnel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Valasek, L.; Glasa, J.; Weisenpacher, P.; Halada, L.

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, the impact of vehicles in road tunnel on smoke spread in case of fire is illustrated using the FDS (Fire Dynamics Simulator) system. FDS is a CFD-based fire field model capable to simulate fire in various environments capturing a big variety of physical processes related to fire. A set of simulations of fire in a 300 m long two-lane single directional road tunnel with longitudinal ventilation is described focusing on the impact of vehicles on the smoke spread dynamics in the tunnel.

  6. Magnetically driven solid sample preparation for centrifugal microfluidic devices.

    PubMed

    Duford, David A; Peng, Dan D; Salin, Eric D

    2009-06-01

    A prototype for solid sample preparation on centrifugal microfluidic devices has been designed and characterized. The system uses NdFeB magnets in both the centrifugal device and a fixed base. As the centrifugal device rotates, the magnets move and spin in their chambers creating a pulverizing mechanical motion. This technique was successfully applied to the dissolution of potassium ferricyanide (K(3)[Fe(CN)(6)]), a hard colored crystal. A 0.10 g sample was completely dissolved in 3 s in 1.0 mL of water while rotating at 1000 rpm. This is a 300-fold improvement over static dissolution.

  7. Extraction of hexavalent chromium from groundwater using ion exchange resins

    SciTech Connect

    Cottrell, D.; Ridley, M.

    1994-04-01

    A bench top experiment was performed to determine the hexavalent chromium (Cr{sup +6}) absorption capacity of three ion exchange resins. The resin types tested were Purolite A300, A500, and A600 which are commercially available. This experiment is part of an effort to better characterize resin efficiencies at removing Cr{sup +6} from ground water extracted from wells at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The information obtained from these laboratory scale tests will aid in the determination of the preferred resin for an onsite ground water treatment facility.

  8. Time-resolved energy spectrum measurement of a linear induction accelerator with the magnetic analyzer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Yuan; Jiang, Xiao-Guo; Yang, Guo-Jun; Chen, Si-Fu; Zhang, Zhuo; Wei, Tao; Li, Jin

    2015-01-01

    We recently set up a time-resolved optical beam diagnostic system. Using this system, we measured the high current electron beam energy in the accelerator under construction. This paper introduces the principle of the diagnostic system, describes the setup, and shows the results. A bending beam line was designed using an existing magnetic analyzer with a 300 mm-bending radius and a 60° bending angle at hard-edge approximation. Calculations show that the magnitude of the beam energy is about 18 MeV, and the energy spread is within 2%. Our results agree well with the initial estimates deduced from the diode voltage approach.

  9. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Fm-300 (Fermium)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Fm-300 (Fermium, atomic number Z = 100, mass number A = 300).

  10. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Mt-300 (Meitnerium)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Mt-300 (Meitnerium, atomic number Z = 109, mass number A = 300).

  11. Real-time distributed fiber microphone based on phase-OTDR.

    PubMed

    Franciscangelis, Carolina; Margulis, Walter; Kjellberg, Leif; Soderquist, Ingemar; Fruett, Fabiano

    2016-12-26

    The use of an optical fiber as a real-time distributed microphone is demonstrated employing a phase-OTDR with direct detection. The method comprises a sample-and-hold circuit capable of both tuning the receiver to an arbitrary section of the fiber considered of interest and to recover in real-time the detected acoustic wave. The system allows listening to the sound of a sinusoidal disturbance with variable frequency, music and human voice with ~60 cm of spatial resolution through a 300 m long optical fiber.

  12. Liquid metal-wetted niobium fiber brushes and braid close clearance collectors in magnetic fields comparison. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Sondergaard, N.; Reilly, P.; Dilling, V.

    1993-08-01

    Niobium fiber brushes wetted with liquid metals offer an alternative to the highly successful braid collector because of the inherent flexibility of the metal fibers. A slipring of niobium fiber brushes wetted with NaK78 was compared directly with an NaK braid collector in a model of a 300-kW homopolar generator. Collector tip velocities varied from zero to 67 m/sec, currents from zero to 4,000 A, and magnetic fields from zero to 1.2 T. Results indicate under all conditions the fiber brush collector was comparable or superior to the braid collector. Current collector, Rectangular channel, Liquid metal flows, Power losses.

  13. Panel sees limited interest in compact nukes

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1983-11-01

    Participants in the Joint Power Generation conference thought compact (200- to 300-MW) nuclear reactors would be useful to developing countries, but only the Canadians showed interest in becoming suppliers. Others said they would simply downsize existing designs. A 300-MW mini-Candu that can be built in 48 months will use proven components and have the same price tag as a full-sized unit. A market may develop in the future in the US and other industrialized countries for low-temperature heat sources. Another 5 to 10 developing countries would likely join the 7 now using nuclear power. (DCK)

  14. Richat Structure, Mauritania as seen by Expedition Two crew

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2001-04-19

    ISS002-E-5693 (19 April 2001) --- The "bull's-eye" of the Richat Structure adds interest to the barren Gres de Chinguetti Plateau in central Mauritania in northwest Africa. It represents domally uplifted, layered (sedimentary) rocks that have been eroded by water and wind into the present shape. The 25-mile-wide structure is a 300-foot-deep landmark that has caught the eye of many an astronaut in Earth orbit. Image number ISS002-E-5457 shows the same feature six days earlier. The image was recorded with a digital still camera.

  15. Earth Observations taken by the Expedition 15 Crew

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2007-06-26

    ISS015-E-14584 (26 June 2007) --- The "bull's-eye" of the Richat Structure in the barren Gres de Chinguetti Plateau, central Mauritania in northwest Africa is featured in this image photographed by an Expedition 15 crewmember on the International Space Station. It represents domally uplifted, layered (sedimentary) rocks that have been eroded by water and wind into the present shape. The 25-mile-wide structure is a 300-foot-deep landmark that has caught the eye of many an astronaut in Earth orbit.

  16. Richat structure, Mauritania taken by the Expedition Two crew

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2001-04-13

    ISS002-E-5457 (13 April 2001) --- The "bull's-eye" of the Richat Structure adds interest to the barren Gres de Chinguetti Plateau in central Mauritania in northwest Africa. It represents domally uplifted, layered (sedimentary) rocks that have been eroded by water and wind into the present shape. The 25-mile-wide structure is a 300-foot-deep landmark that has caught the eye of many an astronaut in Earth orbit. Image number ISS002-E-5693 shows the same feature six days later. The image was recorded with a digital still camera.

  17. Improved Kennedy-Thorndike experiment to test special relativity

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hils, Dieter; Hall, J. L.

    1990-01-01

    A modern version of the Kennedy-Thorndike experiment was carried out by searching for sidereal variations between the frequency of a laser locked to an I2 reference line and a laser locked to the resonance frequency of a highly stable cavity. No variations were found at the level of 2 x 10 to the -12th. This represents a 300-fold improvement over the original Kennedy-Thorndike experiment and allows the Lorentz transformations to be deduced entirely from experiment at an accuracy level of 70 ppm.

  18. Late Maastrichtian and Danian ostracode faunas from northern Alaska: reconstructions of environment and paleogeography

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Brouwers, E.M.; De Deckker, P.

    1993-01-01

    A 300-m sequence of well-exposed fossiliferous outcrops in bluffs along the Colville River, northern Aslaska, has yielded diverse, well-preserved Maastrichtian and Danian ostracode assemblages. The Maastrichtian strata are nonmarine flood-plain deposits and contain diverse terrestrial and aquatic fossils. The Danian strata are predominantly marginal-marine and shallow-marine and include an abundant and diverse invertebrate fauna. During the Maastrichtian and early Palaeocene, polar terrestrial and marine assemblages consisted predominantly of endemic organisms that were adapted to the cool temperatures, seasonal low light conditions, and geographic isolation characteristic of northern high-latitude environments. -from Authors

  19. Use of alloy 117 as a liquid-metal current collector. Research and development report, January-March 1986

    SciTech Connect

    Maribo, D.; Sondergaard, N.

    1987-09-01

    Low-melting-point, bismuth-based alloys are potential replacements for NaK78 as liquid-metal slip-ring material because of their lower reactivity and potentially greater hydrodynamic stability. This paper describes experiments with one such alloy in a model of a 300-kW superconducting homopolar motor using close-clearance braid-type collectors. Slip-ring tip velocities varied from 5 to 20 m/s and currents ranging from 500 to 2000 A. Viscous power losses tend to follow a simple turbulent mode. In all, the data support the use of low-melting-point alloys as an alternative to Na78.

  20. Flux Pinning Enhancement in YBa2Cu3O7-x Films for Coated Conductor Applications (Postprint)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-01

    Goyal , A. , Maroni , V.A. , Chen , Y. , and Selvamanickam , V. ( 2009 ) Supercond. Sci. Technol. , 22 , 015008 . 6 Malozemoff , P ...in YBCO+BSO fi lms in this direction. 5.4.2 Current Density and Alpha Value Variations with Temperature, and Dual Peaks in F p Plots of YBCO...fi lms, showing values as high as 18 GN cm − 3 at 77 K for a 300 nm thick fi lm (Figure 5.7 ). Flux pinning force maxima ( F p max ) higher

  1. Analysis of Lidar Remote Sensing Concepts

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Spiers, Gary D.

    1999-01-01

    Line of sight velocity and measurement position sensitivity analyses for an orbiting coherent Doppler lidar are developed and applied to two lidars, one with a nadir angle of 30 deg. in a 300 km altitude, 58 deg. inclination orbit and the second for a 45 deg. nadir angle instrument in a 833 km altitude, 89 deg. inclination orbit. The effect of orbit related effects on the backscatter sensitivity of a coherent Doppler lidar is also discussed. Draft performance estimate, error budgets and payload accommodation requirements for the SPARCLE (Space Readiness Coherent Lidar) instrument were also developed and documented.

  2. Developing satellite-derived estimates of surface moisture status

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nemani, Ramakhrishna; Pierce, Lars; Running, Steve; Goward, Samuel

    1993-01-01

    An evaluation is made of the remotely sensed surface temperature (Ts)/normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) relationship in studies of the influence of biome type on the slope of Ts/NDVI, and of the automation of the process of defining the relationship so that the surface moisture status can be compared with Ts/NDVI at continental scales. The analysis is conducted using the NOAA AVHRR over a 300 x 300 km area in western Montana, as well as biweekly composite AVHRR data. A strong negative relationship is established between NDVI and Ts over all biome types.

  3. The AMPTE lithium releases in the solar wind - A possible trigger for geomagnetic pulsations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Luehr, Hermann; Baumjohann, Wolfgang; Potemra, Thomas A.

    1990-01-01

    Shortly after the AMPTE/IRM satellite had released Lithium ions into the solar wind, magnetometers on the ground and in the frontside magnetosphere observed deflections of a type similar to those associated with solar wind pressure pulses. Since the natural solar wind was very stable during this event and did not exhibit pressure changes, the magnetic deflections have likely been caused by the artificially injected Lithium cloud when it hit the magnetosphere. Order of magnitude estimates show that 300 g of Lithium vapor released in the solar wind are indeed able to produce a 300 nT magnetic deflection on the ground under favorable conditions.

  4. The AMPTE lithium releases in the solar wind - A possible trigger for geomagnetic pulsations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Luehr, Hermann; Baumjohann, Wolfgang; Potemra, Thomas A.

    1990-01-01

    Shortly after the AMPTE/IRM satellite had released Lithium ions into the solar wind, magnetometers on the ground and in the frontside magnetosphere observed deflections of a type similar to those associated with solar wind pressure pulses. Since the natural solar wind was very stable during this event and did not exhibit pressure changes, the magnetic deflections have likely been caused by the artificially injected Lithium cloud when it hit the magnetosphere. Order of magnitude estimates show that 300 g of Lithium vapor released in the solar wind are indeed able to produce a 300 nT magnetic deflection on the ground under favorable conditions.

  5. Nanofabrication on ZnO nanowires

    SciTech Connect

    Zhan Jinhua; Bando, Yoshio; Hu, Junqing; Golberg, Dmitri

    2006-12-11

    ZnO nanowires were subjected to convergent electron beam irradiation in a 300 kV transmission electron microscope. The size of perforated hexagonal pores generated by irradiation can vary with the beam size. An irradiated area is denuded layer by layer via removal of Zn and O atoms. The polar ZnO surfaces have a higher resistance to irradiation than the unpolar ones. Ultrathin nanobridges, {approx}1 nm thick or less, were generated through deliberate removal of Zn and O atomic monolayers.

  6. A simple hard x-ray ''nanoslit'' for measuring wavefront intensity

    SciTech Connect

    Takano, Hidekazu; Hashimoto, Takuto; Tsuji, Takuya; Koyama, Takahisa; Tsusaka, Yoshiyuki; Kagoshima, Yasushi

    2010-07-15

    A new method is proposed for nanoscale hard x-ray measurements. This method uses a reflection on a heavy-metal wire that functions as a single slit with a nanoscale aperture for a parallel x-ray beam. This ''nanoslit'' can be used to perform high-spatial-resolution measurements of the intensity distribution of a wavefront that diverges from an aperture. In experiments, Fresnel fringes generated by a rectangular aperture were measured using a 300-{mu}m-diameter platinum wire as the nanoslit. In these experiments, the finest fringes with a period of 26 nm could be successfully resolved.

  7. Efficiency and Spectrum Enhancement in a Tapered Free-Electron Laser Amplifier

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, X. J.; Harder, D.; Murphy, J. B.; Qian, H.; Shen, Y.; Yang, X.; Freund, H. P.; Miner, W. H. Jr.

    2009-10-09

    We report the first experimental characterization of efficiency and spectrum enhancement in a laser-seeded free-electron laser using a tapered undulator. Output and spectra in the fundamental and third harmonic were measured versus distance for uniform and tapered undulators. With a 4% field taper over 3 m, a 300% (50%) increase in the fundamental (third harmonic) output was observed. A significant improvement in the spectra with the elimination of sidebands was observed using a tapered undulator. The experiment is in good agreement with predictions using the MEDUSA simulation code.

  8. High efficiency epitaxial GaAs/GaAs and GaAs/Ge solar cell technology using OM/CVD

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wang, K. L.; Yeh, Y. C. M.; Stirn, R. J.; Swerdling, S.

    1980-01-01

    A technology for fabricating high efficiency, thin film GaAs solar cells on substrates appropriate for space and/or terrestrial applications was developed. The approach adopted utilizes organometallic chemical vapor deposition (OM-CVD) to form a GaAs layer epitaxially on a suitably prepared Ge epi-interlayer deposited on a substrate, especially a light weight silicon substrate which can lead to a 300 watt per kilogram array technology for space. The proposed cell structure is described. The GaAs epilayer growth on single crystal GaAs and Ge wafer substrates were investigated.

  9. XV-15 flight test results compared with design goals

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wernicke, K. G.; Magee, J. P.

    1979-01-01

    Aircraft No. 2 is presently in the midst of flight envelope expansion. Noise and safety design goals have been demonstrated; preliminary results indicate that performance and component life goals may also be met. Hovering power indicates a standard hover ceiling of 7,000 feet. After 18.0 hours of flight, a true airspeed of 207 knots has been reached. The goal is a 300-knot cruise speed. So far, XV-15 flight tests indicate no reason why the tilt rotor concept should not fulfill its promise to provide a major step forward in air vehicle flexibility and in rotary wing performance.

  10. Observation of field-induced domain wall propagation in magnetic nanowires by magnetic transmission X-ray microscopy

    SciTech Connect

    Bryan, M. T.; Fry, P. W.; Fischer, P.; Allwood, D. A.

    2007-12-01

    Magnetic transmission X-ray microscopy (M-TXM) is used to image domain walls in magnetic ring structures formed by a 300 nm wide, 24 nm thick Ni{sub 81}Fe{sub 19} nanowire. Both transverse and vortex type domain walls are observed after application of different field sequences. Domain walls can be observed by comparing images obtained from opposite field sequences, or else domain wall propagation observed by comparing successive images in a particular field sequence. This demonstrates the potential use of M-TXM in developing and understanding planar magnetic nanowire behavior.

  11. Biological Applications and Effects of Optical Masers.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-09-01

    m in diameter 24 hours after exposure to a combined white light ( Fundus camera , position 3) and Ga-As laser at a prf of 1200 Hz The calculated...produced with the fundus camera set on position 3 which produces a 300 cone of white light on the retina. It is estimated that the 500 second exposure...resulted in a radiant exposure to the retina of 650 J/cm2 . Exposure to the laser for 500 s without the fundus camera illumination did not produce a

  12. Number of Players and Relative Pitch Area per Player: Comparing Their Influence on Heart Rate and Physical Demands in Under-12 and Under-13 Football Players

    PubMed Central

    Castellano, Julen; Puente, Asier; Echeazarra, Ibon; Usabiaga, Oidui; Casamichana, David

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the present study is to analyse the influence of different large-sided games (LSGs) on the physical and physiological variables in under-12s (U12) and -13s (U13) soccer players. The effects of the combination of different number of players per team, 7, 9, and 11 (P7, P9, and P11, respectively) with three relative pitch areas, 100, 200, and 300 m2 (A100, A200, and A300, respectively), were analysed in this study. The variables analysed were: 1) global indicator such as total distance (TD); work:rest ratio (W:R); player-load (PL) and maximal speed (Vmax); 2) heart rate (HR) mean and time spent in different intensity zones of HR (<75%, 75–84%, 84–90% and >90%), and; 3) five absolute (<8, 8–13, 13–16 and >16 Km h-1) and three relative speed categories (<40%, 40–60% and >60% Vmax). The results support the theory that a change in format (player number and pitch dimensions) affects no similarly in the two players categories. Although it can seem that U13 players are more demanded in this kind of LSG, when the work load is assessed from a relative point of view, great pitch dimensions and/or high number of player per team are involved in the training task to the U12 players. The results of this study could alert to the coaches to avoid some types of LSGs for the U12 players such as: P11 played in A100, A200 or A300, P9 played in A200 or A300 and P7 played in A300 due to that U13>U12 in several physical and physiological variables (W:R, time spent in 84–90%HRmax, distance in 8–13 and 13–16 Km h-1 and time spent in 40–60%Vmax). These results may help youth soccer coaches to plan the progressive introduction of LSGs so that task demands are adapted to the physiological and physical development of participants. PMID:26752422

  13. Effect of Small Transmission Delay on Human Behavior in Audio Communication

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ohnishi, Hitoshi; Mochizuki, Kaname

    Transmission delay in audio communications is a well-known obstacle to achieving smooth communication. However, it is not known what kinds of effects are caused by small delays. We hypothesized that the small delay in the listener's responses disturbs the speaker's “verbal conditioning, ” where the verbal behavior of the speaker varies in accordance with the listener's responses. We examined whether the small delays in the listener's responses disturb the speaker's verbal conditioning using an artificial-grammar learning task. The results suggested that a 300-ms delay disturbed the participants' verbal conditioning although they were not adequately aware of the delay.

  14. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Hs-300 (Hassium)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Hs-300 (Hassium, atomic number Z = 108, mass number A = 300).

  15. Design of a Linear Induction 1-MV Injector for the Relativisitic Two-Beam Accelerator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anderson, D. E.; Henestroza, E.; Houck, T.; Lidia, S.; Reginato, L.; Vanecek, D.; Westenskow, G.; Yu, S.

    1997-05-01

    A Relativisitic Klystron Two-Beam Accelerator (RTA) is envisioned as a RF power source upgrade of the Next Linear Collider. A prototype to study physics, engineering and costing issues is presently under construction at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The first half of the injector, a 1 MeV, 1.2 kA, 300 ns induction electron gun, has been built and is presently being tested. The design of the injector cells and pulsed power drive units will be presented. Preliminary test results of the power drive units will also be given.

  16. Amplified spontaneous emission in an organic semiconductor multilayer waveguide structure including a highly conductive transparent electrode

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reufer, M.; Feldmann, J.; Rudati, P.; Ruhl, A.; Müller, D.; Meerholz, K.; Karnutsch, C.; Gerken, M.; Lemmer, U.

    2005-05-01

    We demonstrate that the amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) threshold in multilayer waveguide structures suitable for the use in future organic injection lasers can be drastically reduced by inserting a crosslinked hole transport layer (HTL) between a highly conductive indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode and the polymer emission layer. While no ASE is observed when the active layer material is directly spincoated onto the ITO electrode, it can be completely restored upon insertion of a 300-nm-thick HTL. This observation is attributed to reduced attenuation of the waveguided mode enabling the ASE process and is theoretically confirmed by calculations of the mode intensity fraction propagating in the absorptive ITO electrode.

  17. Electron holography study of magnetization behavior in the writer pole of a perpendicular magnetic recording head by a 1 MV transmission electron microscope.

    PubMed

    Hirata, Kei; Ishida, Yoichi; Akashi, Tetsuya; Shindo, Daisuke; Tonomura, Akira

    2012-01-01

    The magnetic domain structure of the writer poles of perpendicular magnetic recording heads was studied using electron holography. Although the domain structure of a 100-nm-thick writer pole could be observed with a 300 kV transmission electron microscope, that of the 250-nm-thick writer pole could not be analyzed due to the limited transmission capability of the instrument. On the other hand, the detailed domain structure of the 250-nm-thick writer pole was successfully analyzed by a 1 MV electron microscope using its high transmission capability. The thickness and material dependency of the domain structure of a writer pole were discussed.

  18. Development of an Organic Rankine-Cycle power module for a small community solar thermal power experiment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kiceniuk, T.

    1985-01-01

    An organic Rankine-cycle (ORC) power module was developed for use in a multimodule solar power plant to be built and operated in a small community. Many successful components and subsystems, including the reciever, power conversion subsystem, energy transport subsystem, and control subsystem, were tested. Tests were performed on a complete power module using a test bed concentrator in place of the proposed concentrator. All major single-module program functional objectives were met and the multimodule operation presented no apparent problems. The hermetically sealed, self-contained, ORC power conversion unit subsequently successfully completed a 300-hour endurance run with no evidence of wear or operating problems.

  19. Improved Kennedy-Thorndike experiment to test special relativity

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hils, Dieter; Hall, J. L.

    1990-01-01

    A modern version of the Kennedy-Thorndike experiment was carried out by searching for sidereal variations between the frequency of a laser locked to an I2 reference line and a laser locked to the resonance frequency of a highly stable cavity. No variations were found at the level of 2 x 10 to the -12th. This represents a 300-fold improvement over the original Kennedy-Thorndike experiment and allows the Lorentz transformations to be deduced entirely from experiment at an accuracy level of 70 ppm.

  20. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Lr-300 (Lawrencium)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Lr-300 (Lawrencium, atomic number Z = 103, mass number A = 300).

  1. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Sg-300 (Seaborgium)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Sg-300 (Seaborgium, atomic number Z = 106, mass number A = 300).

  2. Design procedure for ritchey-chrétien corrector.

    PubMed

    Howell, B J

    1969-03-01

    A four-lens corrector system to remove residual aberrations in a Ritchey-Chrétien telescope was selected as the means of studying the relative effectiveness of two design methods: a ray deviation error function and third order aberration theory. At several stages in the design, very significant improvements were made by switching from ray deviation results to aberration theory and then back to ray deviation design. The goal, a 300-cm focal length, f/10 diffraction-limited 1.2 degrees flat field telescope for white light, was achieved. Lens data and system performance, including computed spot diagrams, are given for eight versions.

  3. Magnetic induction-induced resistive heating of optical fibers and gratings.

    PubMed

    Canning, John; Naqshbandi, Masood; Cook, Kevin; Huyang, George

    2013-03-15

    Magnetic induction heating of optical fibers packaged with a steel plate is studied using a fiber Bragg grating. The dependence on the induced wavelength shift with magnetic field is obtained for a commercially available induction heater. More than a 300°C temperature rise is observed within seconds. The potential of magnetic induction as an efficient and rapid means of modulating devices and as a novel approach to potential optical based magnetic field and current sensing is proposed and discussed. The extension of the ideas into micro and nanophotonics is described.

  4. Improved electromechanical behavior in castable dielectric elastomer actuators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Akbari, Samin; Rosset, Samuel; Shea, Herbert R.

    2013-02-01

    Non-viscoelastic castable elastomers are replacing the polyacrylate VHB films in the new generations of dielectric elastomer actuators (DEAs) to achieve fast and reliable actuation. We introduce the optimum prestretch conditions to enhance the electromechanical behavior of the castable DEAs resulting in large actuation strain. For castable actuator in which the thickness is selected independent of the prestretch, uniaxial prestretch mode offers the highest actuation strain in the transverse direction compared to biaxial and pure shear. We experimentally demonstrate that miniaturization hinders the loss of tension and up to 85% linear actuation strain is generated with a 300 × 300 μm2 polydimethylsiloxanes-based DEA.

  5. Fast extended focused imaging in digital holography using a graphics processing unit.

    PubMed

    Wang, Le; Zhao, Jianlin; Di, Jianglei; Jiang, Hongzhen

    2011-05-01

    We present a simple and effective method for reconstructing extended focused images in digital holography using a graphics processing unit (GPU). The Fresnel transform method is simplified by an algorithm named fast Fourier transform pruning with frequency shift. Then the pixel size consistency problem is solved by coordinate transformation and combining the subpixel resampling and the fast Fourier transform pruning with frequency shift. With the assistance of the GPU, we implemented an improved parallel version of this method, which obtained about a 300-500-fold speedup compared with central processing unit codes.

  6. Circuit fabrication at 17 nm half-pitch by nanoimprint lithography.

    PubMed

    Jung, Gun-Young; Johnston-Halperin, Ezekiel; Wu, Wei; Yu, Zhaoning; Wang, Shih-Yuan; Tong, William M; Li, Zhiyong; Green, Jonathan E; Sheriff, Bonnie A; Boukai, Akram; Bunimovich, Yuri; Heath, James R; Williams, R Stanley

    2006-03-01

    High density metal cross bars at 17 nm half-pitch were fabricated by nanoimprint lithography. Utilizing the superlattice nanowire pattern transfer technique, a 300-layer GaAs/AlGaAs superlattice was employed to produce an array of 150 Si nanowires (15 nm wide at 34 nm pitch) as an imprinting mold. A successful reproduction of the Si nanowire pattern was demonstrated. Furthermore, a cross-bar platinum nanowire array with a cell density of approximately 100 Gbit/cm(2) was fabricated by two consecutive imprinting processes.

  7. Test of the inverse-square law of gravitation using the 300-m tower at Erie, Colorado

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Speake, C. C.; Niebauer, T. M.; McHugh, M. P.; Keyser, P. T.; Faller, J. E.

    1990-10-01

    Gravity was measured at eight different heights on a 300-m meteorological tower using LaCoste and Romberg gravimeters. The observed values were adjusted for tides, drift, and gravimeter screw errors, and tested for systematic effects due to tower motion. These results are compared with values predicted using Newton's inverse-square law from surface gravity. The differences exhibit no systematic trends and their rms value is only 10 x 10 to the -8th m/sec sq, well within the estimated erros of the experiment. This result places new constraints on the possible strength and range of any non-Newtonian force.

  8. Predictions for Superheavy Nuclei

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar, Krishna

    1990-01-01

    The Dynamic Deformation Model has been extended to the problem of fission in such a way that several thousand channels including particle-decay, α-decay, heavy-ion-emission, asymmetric fission, and symmetric fission can be taken into account. The model also includes a Kinetic Shell Correction which was ignored in previous predictions for Superheavy nuclei. This model is in better agreement with experimental life-times. A new location of the Superheavy peak is predicted at Z = 116 (eka-Polonium), A = 300, total half-life = 1079 years. New heavy-ion-fusion experiments and the means of identifying the Superheavy Elements are suggested.

  9. Strength and deformation characteristics of poly(ethylene terephtalate)/elastomer blends

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Merijs Meri, R.; Bocoka, T.; Zicans, J.; Kalnins, M.; Kalkis, V.; Bledzki, A. K.

    2008-07-01

    Changes in the toughness of crystalline poly(ethylene terephtalate) upon addition of two elastomers — ethylene-propylene-diene terpolymer and ethylene- α-octene copolymer — are investigated. Blends with increasing elastomer content (up to 30 wt.%) were obtained and modified by γ-radiation up to a 300-kGy absorbed dose. The interrelation between the toughness and certain tensile characteristics (elastic modulus, yield stress, ultimate stress, elongation at break, and specific fracture energy) of the blends, with various structural features of components (crystallinity and the degree of cross-linking) and morphology of the blends, is discussed.

  10. Smoke in the Gulf of Mexico

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    This Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) image of the Bay of Campeche, acquired January 17, 2001, shows a 300-kilometer long smoke plume streaming towards the northwest from around 19.4o North and 92o West, the location of the Akal oil field. In the lower right (southeast) corner of the image is the country of El Salvador, site of a magnitude 7.6 earthquake on January 13, 2001. On the Pacific side of Southern Mexico, the productive waters of the Gulf of Tehuantepec are visible. Provided by the SeaWiFS Project, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, and ORBIMAGE

  11. Satellite measurements of the earth's crustal magnetic field

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schnetzler, C. C.

    1989-01-01

    The literature associated with the Magsat mission has evaluated the capabilities and limitations of satellite measurements of the earth's crustal magnetic field, and demonstrated that there exists a 300-3000 km magnetic field, related to major features in the earth's crust, which is primarily caused by induction. Due to its scale and sensitivity, satellite data have been useful in the development of models for such large crustal features as subduction zones, submarine platforms, continental accretion boundaries, and rifts. Attention is presently given to the lack of agreement between laboratory and satellite estimates of lower crustal magnetization.

  12. DC characteristics of OMVPE-grown N-p-n InGaP/InGaAsN DHBTs

    SciTech Connect

    Li, N.Y.; Chang, P.C.; Baca, A.G.; Xie, X.M.; Sharps, P.R.; Hou, H.Q.

    2000-01-04

    The authors demonstrate, for the first time, a functional N-p-n heterojunction bipolar transistor using a novel material, InGaAsN, with a bandgap energy of 1.2eV as the p-type base layer. A 300{angstrom}-thick In{sub x}Ga{sub 1-x}As graded layer was introduced to reduce the conduction band offset at the p-type InGaAsN base and n-type GaAs collector junction. For an emitter size of 500 {mu}m{sup 2}, a peak current gain of 5.3 has been achieved.

  13. Atomic Mass and Nuclear Binding Energy for Bk-300 (Berkelium)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sukhoruchkin, S. I.; Soroko, Z. N.

    This document is part of the Supplement containing the complete sets of data of Subvolume B `Nuclei with Z = 55 - 100' of Volume 22 `Nuclear Binding Energies and Atomic Masses' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group I `Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms', and additionally including data for nuclei with Z = 101 - 130. It provides atomic mass, mass excess, nuclear binding energy, nucleon separation energies, Q-values, and nucleon residual interaction parameters for atomic nuclei of the isotope Bk-300 (Berkelium, atomic number Z = 97, mass number A = 300).

  14. ORFEUS - Scientific and cost approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Graue, R.; Kampf, D.; Rippel, H.

    1993-10-01

    The paper describes the technical and optomechanical concepts of the ORFEUS telescope, which is the primary scientific payload of the free-flying, retrievable, and reusable Shuttle Pallet Satellite (SPAS). Particular attention is given to the scientific targets of the Orfeus telescope and the low-cost approach of the project. The ORFEUS SPAS mission is scheduled to be launched with STS 51 in July 1993 into a 300-km circular orbit, to perform an autonomous free flight for 5-7 days, after which the satellite will be retrieved into the shuttle and returned to earth.

  15. ADVANCED HYDROGEN TRANSPORT MEMBRANES FOR VISION 21 FOSSIL FUEL PLANTS

    SciTech Connect

    Carl R. Evenson; Anthony F. Sammells; Richard T. Treglio; Adam E. Calihman; U. Balachandran; Richard N. Kleiner; James E. Stephan; Frank E. Anderson; Chandra Ratnasamy; Mahendra Sunkara; Jyothish Thangla; Clive Brereton; Warren Wolfs; James Lockhart

    2005-04-30

    During this quarter long term and high pressure hydrogen separation experiments were performed on Eltron's composite layered membranes. Membranes were tested at 400 C and a 300 psig feed stream with 40% hydrogen for up to 400 continuous hours. In addition membranes were tested up to 1000 psig as demonstration of the ability for this technology to meet DOE goals. Progress was made in the development of new hydrogen separation cermets containing high permeability metals. A sulfur tolerant catalyst deposition technique was optimized and engineering work on mechanical and process & control reports was continued.

  16. New compact neutron polarizer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krist, Th; Kennedy, S. J.; Hicks, T. J.; Mezei, F.

    A new type of a neutron polarizing bender was developed in co-operation with BENSC and ANSTO. It is based upon bent thin silicon wafers coated on one side with SiFeCo polarizing supermirrors and on the other side with Gd. Initial tests at BENSC in a 300 Oe magnetic field yielded a transmission of spin-up neutrons of about 55% over an angle range of 0.75° and flipping ratios > 30. Subsequent tests at ANSTO at 1200 Oe yielded a transmission of 48% with a flipping ratio > 45.

  17. Formation of cubic boron-nitride by the reactive sputter deposition of boron

    SciTech Connect

    Jankowski, A.F.; Hayes, J.P.; Makowiecki, D.W.; McKeman, M.A.

    1997-03-01

    Boron-nitride films are synthesized by RF magnetron sputtering boron targets where the deposition parameters of gas pressure, flow and composition are varied along with substrate temperature and applied bias. The films are analyzed using Auger electron spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, nanoindentation, Raman spectroscopy and x-ray absorption spectroscopy. These techniques provide characterization of film composition, crystalline structure, hardness and chemical bonding, respectively. Reactive, rf-sputtering process parameters are established which lead to the growth of crystalline BN phases. The deposition of stable and adherent boron nitride coatings consisting of the cubic phase requires 400 `C substrate heating and the application of a 300 V negative bias.

  18. Easy creation of polymeric systems for molecular dynamics with Assemble!

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Degiacomi, Matteo T.; Erastova, Valentina; Wilson, Mark R.

    2016-05-01

    We present Assemble!, a program greatly simplifying the preparation of molecular dynamics simulations of polymeric systems. The program is controlled either via command line or an intuitive Graphical User Interface, and runs on all major operating systems. Assemble! allows the creation of a desired system of polymer chains from constituent monomers, packs the chains into a box according to the required concentration and returns all the files needed for simulation with Gromacs. We illustrate the capabilities of Assemble! by demonstrating the easy preparation of a 300 monomers-long polyisoprene in hexane, and a heterogeneous mixture of polybutadiene.

  19. Wavelength-modulation detection of acetylene with a near-infrared external-cavity diode laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oh, Daniel B.; Hovde, David Christian

    1995-10-01

    An external-cavity diode laser operating at 1500 nm was used to record the combination band of acetylene (C2H2). By combination of wavelength-modulation spectroscopy with a noise-canceler detection circuit, a minimum detectable absorbance of 4.8 \\times 10 -4 with a 300-ms time constant was achieved, although this result was limited by etalon fringes. When combined with this detection technique, continuous, widely tunable output from an external-cavity laser is ideally suited for high-resolution absorption spectroscopy with excellent sensitivity.

  20. Experience using an automated fault location system with a time-of-flight wall detector array

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Olson, D.; Greiman, W.; Hall, D.; Balaban, D.; Day, C.

    1990-08-01

    We describe the architecture of a general purpose monitoring system and give examples of its use with a 300 element detector array in a relativistic heavy ion experiment. The system has a simple and well defined interface between the detector specific parts of the system and those which are independent of any detector specific features. Tracking simple statistics on the fundamental data items (ADC and TDC values) are sufficient to diagnose the higher level components in the system. The monitoring of on-line beam data provides a sensitive monitor of global parameters of the experiment.