Science.gov

Sample records for a300 b4-600 b4-600r

  1. 75 FR 60611 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-01

    ... Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and Model A300 C4...; Model A300 B4-601, B4- 603, B4-620, B4-622, B4-605R, B4-622R, F4-605R, F4-622R, and C4-605R Variant F...-- Dated-- A300 series airplanes......... A300-32A0447..... April 22, 2004. A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4...

  2. 76 FR 28914 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-19

    ... of the rudder system design. Rudder pedal sensitivity on Model A300-600 and A310 series airplanes is... B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and Model C4-605R Variant F Airplanes (Collectively Called A300-600 Series Airplanes); and Model A310 Series Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation...

  3. 76 FR 27242 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-11

    ... Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and Model C4-605R Variant F Airplanes (Collectively Called A300-600 Series Airplanes) AGENCY: Federal Aviation... required to conduct a design review against explosion risks. During improvement of the protection of fuel...

  4. 76 FR 6581 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-07

    ... B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and Model C4-605R Variant F Airplanes (Collectively Called A300-600 Series Airplanes) AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of... design review against explosion risks. During improvement of the protection of fuel pump wiring against...

  5. 76 FR 441 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-05

    ... Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and Model C4-605R...-622, B4-605R, B4-622R, F4-605R, F4-622R, and C4-605R Variant F airplanes, certificated in any category...

  6. 76 FR 19724 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-08

    ... B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and Model C4-605R Variant F Airplanes (Collectively... F4-605R and F4-622R airplanes, and Model A300 C4-605R Variant F airplanes; and Model A310-203, -204...

  7. 75 FR 76926 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-10

    ... Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and Model C4-605R... airplanes; Model A300 B4-605R and B4-622R airplanes; Model A300 F4-605R and F4-622R airplanes; Model A300 C4...

  8. 75 FR 27956 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-19

    ... B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and Model C4-605R Variant F Airplanes (Collectively...-203, and B4-203 airplanes; Model A300 B4-601, B4- 603, B4-620, B4-622, B4-605R, B4-622R, F4-605R, F4...

  9. 76 FR 38069 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-29

    ... the skin and honeycomb core. Such reworks were also performed on some rudders fitted on A310 and A300... defects were the result of de-bonding between the skin and honeycomb core. Such reworks were also... application of corrective actions for those rudders where production reworks have been identified. This new...

  10. 76 FR 6549 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600 and A300 B4-600R Series Airplanes, Model A300...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-07

    ... similar to the Airworthiness Limitations Items (ALI) Tasks 53.16.04-01-1 and 53.16.22- 01-1. We do not... determined that accomplishing the actions required by this AD terminates ALI Tasks 53.16.04-01-1 and 53.16.22... of this AD terminates ALI Tasks 53.16.04-01-1 and 53.16.22-01-1. We have reidentified subsequent...

  11. 75 FR 51705 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600 and A300 B4-600R Series Airplanes, Model A300...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-23

    ... FR (frame) 58 is necessary to enable the aeroplane to reach the Extended Service Goal (ESG). The... may send comments by any of the following methods: Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www... reinforcement of the upper fuselage circumferential joint at FR (frame) 58 is necessary to enable the aeroplane...

  12. 75 FR 61975 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600 Series Airplanes, Model A300 B4-600R Series...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-07

    ... contains regulatory documents #0;having general applicability and legal effect, most of which are keyed #0... programme (42,500 FC [flight cycles]), it has been concluded that a reinforcement of the junction of frame... Goal (ESG). * * * [Failure of the frame base], if not corrected, could affect the structural integrity...

  13. 75 FR 28480 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 Series Airplanes; Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, F4-600R...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-21

    ... pressurise the hydraulic reservoirs, due to leakage of the Crissair reservoir air pressurisation check valves. * * * The leakage of the check valves was caused by an incorrect spring material. The affected Crissair check valves * * * were then replaced with improved check valves P/N [part number] 2S2794-1 * * *. More...

  14. 75 FR 51698 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310 Series Airplanes; and Model A300 B4-600, A300 B4-600R...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-23

    ... the secondary load path, which would likely result in loss of control of the aeroplane. The proposed... DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA-2010... demonstration of the THSA upper attachment primary load path elements, only a gimbal having a thickness of 70mm...

  15. 76 FR 22302 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310 Series Airplanes; and Model A300 B4-600, A300 B4-600R...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-21

    ... DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA-2010... of 70mm (2.76 in). During the fatigue life demonstration of the THSA upper attachment primary load path elements, only a gimbal having a thickness of 70mm (2.76 in) was used. Thereafter, no additional...

  16. 75 FR 32266 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 Series Airplanes; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-08

    ... after receipt. List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39 Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety... DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA-2010... Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for the...

  17. 75 FR 38061 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600 Series Airplanes; Model A300 B4-600R Series...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-01

    ... dimensional measurement of the holes, and doing corrective actions if necessary; doing an eddy current... dimensional measurement of the holes, doing an eddy current inspection of the holes for cracking, doing a cold... the effective date of this AD, prior to doing any cold working process, determine if an eddy current...

  18. 75 FR 49370 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-13

    .... American Airlines states that this will allow for more efficient planning and will relieve the burden of obtaining special flight permits to move re-activated airplanes to facilities where the inspections are to.... We have added a compliance time of within 840 flight hours after the effective date of this AD to...

  19. 76 FR 18960 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-06

    ... unsafe condition is damage to wiring in the wing, center, and trim fuel tanks, due to failed P-clips used..., center, or trim fuel tanks. The proposed AD would require actions that are intended to address the unsafe..., 2009]. The unsafe condition is damage to wiring in the wing, center, and trim fuel tanks, due to failed...

  20. 76 FR 59008 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-23

    ...-bonding between the skin and honeycomb core. Such reworks were also performed on some rudders fitted on... as a result of de-bonding between the skin and honeycomb core. Such reworks were also performed on..., depending on findings, the application of corrective actions for those rudders where production reworks have...

  1. 76 FR 42029 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-18

    ... load path, which would likely result in loss of control of the aeroplane. For the reasons explained... failure of the secondary load path, which would likely result in loss of control of the aeroplane... DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA-2011...

  2. 75 FR 74665 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310 Airplanes, and Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-01

    ... landing gear retraction. * * * * * Uncommanded movement of the pilot and co-pilot seats during takeoff or... landing gear retraction. AD 2009-0084 required the deactivation of the electrical power of SOGERMA pilot... retraction. * * * * * Uncommanded movement of the pilot and co-pilot seats during takeoff or landing could...

  3. 76 FR 39248 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R Series Airplanes, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-06

    ... after receipt. List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39 Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety... DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA-2010... AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Final rule...

  4. 76 FR 25259 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, A300 B4-600R, and A300 F4-600R Series...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-04

    ...], reported the failure during a wind tunnel test of a balance weight fastening screw on the RAT turbine cover... balance weight fastening screw on the RAT turbine cover during a wind tunnel test. After investigation, it... failure during a wind tunnel test of a balance weight fastening screw on the RAT turbine cover. After...

  5. 76 FR 47430 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, A300 B4-600R, and A300 F4-600R Series...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-05

    ...], reported the failure during a wind tunnel test of a balance weight fastening screw on the RAT turbine cover... balance weight fastening screw on the RAT turbine cover during a wind tunnel test. After investigation, it... during a wind tunnel test of a balance weight fastening screw on the RAT turbine cover. After...

  6. 76 FR 27875 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 and A310 Series Airplanes, and Model A300 B4-600, B4...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-13

    ... Documents, which are referenced in the A300, A310, and A300-600 Airworthiness Limitations Section (ALS) Part..., A310, and A300-600 Airworthiness Limitations Section (ALS) Part 2. Airbus has recently revised the ALI... the A300, A310, and A300-600 Airworthiness Limitations Section (ALS) Part 2. Airbus has recently...

  7. 76 FR 4260 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 and A310 Series Airplanes, and Model A300 B4-600, B4...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-25

    ... the A300, A310, and A300-600 Airworthiness Limitations Section (ALS) Part 2. Airbus has recently... the A300, A310, and A300-600 Airworthiness Limitations Section (ALS) Part 2. Airbus has recently... Limitations Section (ALS) Part 2. Airbus has recently revised the ALI Documents, which have been approved by...

  8. 77 FR 24137 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-23

    ... Directives; Airbus Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule... Register. That AD applies to all Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R series airplanes, Model... Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4- 600R, and F4-600R series airplanes, Model A300 C4-605R Variant F airplanes...

  9. 75 FR 8549 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 Series Airplanes, Airbus Model A300 B4-600 Series...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-25

    ... rack 101VU by accomplishment of Airbus Service Bulletin (SB) A310-53-2076 was embodied on the aeroplane... the splicing with rack 107VU fitting. This condition, if not detected and corrected, could degrade the structural integrity of the crossbeam on NLG FR15A web attachment fitting of rack 107VU. Rack 107VU contains...

  10. 78 FR 9787 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-12

    ... Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of... Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R series airplanes, and Model A300 C4-605R Variant F airplanes (collectively called Model A300- 600 series airplanes); and Airbus [[Page 9788

  11. 78 FR 9581 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-11

    ... Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of... Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R series airplanes, and Model A300 C4-605R Variant F...-03-11 Airbus: Amendment 39-17346. Docket No. FAA-2012-1002; Directorate Identifier 2012-NM-052-AD. (a...

  12. 77 FR 40485 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-10

    ... Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of... (AD) for all Airbus Model A300 series airplanes; all Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R series... new AD: 2012-13-06 Airbus: Amendment 39-17108. Docket No. FAA-2012-0040; Directorate Identifier 2011...

  13. 78 FR 15874 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-13

    ... Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of... Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R series airplanes, and Model A300 C4-605R Variant F... ground threat avoidance, an Airbus A310 aeroplane experienced an uncommanded slide back of the co-pilot...

  14. 77 FR 64701 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-23

    ... Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of... Airbus Model A300 series airplanes; Model A310 series airplanes; and Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4... that the AD be effective after Airbus completes certifying the improved design for the fuel pump half...

  15. 78 FR 70003 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-22

    ... Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM). SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all Airbus Model A300 series airplanes; Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R series airplanes, and Model...

  16. 77 FR 73343 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-10

    ...-1224; Directorate Identifier 2012-NM-112-AD] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes...: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and... holidays. For Airbus service information identified in this proposed AD, contact Airbus SAS-EAW...

  17. 77 FR 59149 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-26

    ...-1002; Directorate Identifier 2012-NM-052-AD] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes...: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for certain Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R...: Airbus: Docket No. FAA-2012-1002; Directorate Identifier 2012-NM- 052-AD. (a) Comments Due Date We must...

  18. 76 FR 15870 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310 Series Airplanes, and Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-22

    ..., Docket Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE... Building Ground Floor, Room W12-40, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE., Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m... than estimated here. Based on these figures, we estimate the cost of the proposed AD on U.S. operators...

  19. 76 FR 15805 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310 Series Airplanes, and Airbus Model A300 B4-600, B4...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-22

    ... greater than 100 knots and until landing gear retraction. * * * * * Uncommanded movement of the pilot and... until landing gear retraction. AD 2009-0084 required the deactivation of the electrical power of SOGERMA... takeoff phase when the speed of the aeroplane is greater than 100 knots and until landing gear retraction...

  20. 77 FR 24367 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-24

    ... Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of... Airbus Model A300 B4-2C, B4-103, and B4-203 airplanes; Model A300 B4- 600, B4-600R, and F4-600R series airplanes, and Model C4-605R Variant F airplanes (collectively called A300-600 series airplanes); and Model...

  1. 77 FR 10409 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-22

    ...; Model A310 series airplanes; Model A300 B4-600, B4-600R, and F4-600R series airplanes, and Model C4-605R... Model A300 B4-603, B4-620, and B4-622 airplanes, Model A300 B4-605R and B4-622R airplanes, Model A300 F4-605R and F4- 622R airplanes, and Model A300 C4-605R Variant F airplanes. (d) Subject Air Transport...

  2. Efforts to Develop a 300°C Solder

    SciTech Connect

    Norann, Randy A

    2015-01-25

    This paper covers the efforts made to find a 300°C electrical solder solution for geothermal well monitoring and logging tools by Perma Works LLC. This paper covers: why a high temperature solder is needed, what makes for a good solder, testing flux, testing conductive epoxy and testing intermetallic bonds. Future areas of research are suggested.

  3. Using a Corpus in a 300-Level Spanish Grammar Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benavides, Carlos

    2015-01-01

    The present study examined the use and effectiveness of a large corpus--the Corpus del Español (Davies, 2002)--in a 300-level Spanish grammar university course. Students conducted hands-on corpus searches with the goal of finding concordances containing particular types of collocations (combinations of words that tend to co-occur) and tokens (any…

  4. Characterization of a 300-GHz Transmission System for Digital Communications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hudlička, Martin; Salhi, Mohammed; Kleine-Ostmann, Thomas; Schrader, Thorsten

    2017-08-01

    The paper presents the characterization of a 300-GHz transmission system for modern digital communications. The quality of the modulated signal at the output of the system (error vector magnitude, EVM) is measured using a vector signal analyzer. A method using a digital real-time oscilloscope and consecutive mathematical processing in a computer is shown for analysis of signals with bandwidths exceeding that of state-of-the-art vector signal analyzers. The uncertainty of EVM measured using the real-time oscilloscope is open to analysis. Behaviour of the 300-GHz transmission system is studied with respect to various modulation schemes and different signal symbol rates.

  5. Developing a 300C Analog Tool for EGS

    SciTech Connect

    Normann, Randy

    2015-03-23

    This paper covers the development of a 300°C geothermal well monitoring tool for supporting future EGS (enhanced geothermal systems) power production. This is the first of 3 tools planed. This is an analog tool designed for monitoring well pressure and temperature. There is discussion on 3 different circuit topologies and the development of the supporting surface electronics and software. There is information on testing electronic circuits and component. One of the major components is the cable used to connect the analog tool to the surface.

  6. Development of a 300 L Calibration Bath for Oceanographic Thermometers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baba, S.; Yamazawa, K.; Nakano, T.; Saito, I.; Tamba, J.; Wakimoto, T.; Katoh, K.

    2017-11-01

    The Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC) has been developing a 300 L calibration bath to calibrate 24 oceanographic thermometers (OT) simultaneously and thereby reduce the calibration work load necessary to service more than 180 OT every year. This study investigated characteristics of the developed 300 L calibration bath using a SBE 3plus thermometer produced by an OT manufacturer. We also used 11 thermistor thermometers that were calibrated to be traceable to the international temperature scale of 1990 (ITS-90) within 1 mK of standard uncertainty through collaboration of JAMSTEC and NMIJ/AIST. Results show that the time stability of temperature of the developed bath was within ± 1 mK. Furthermore, the temperature uniformity was ± 1.3 mK. The expanded uncertainty (k=2) components for the characteristics of the developed 300 L calibration bath were estimated as 2.9 mK, which is much less than the value of 10 mK: the required specification for uncertainty of calibration for the OT. These results demonstrated the utility of this 300 L calibration bath as a device for use with a new calibration system.

  7. 75 FR 16685 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300-600 and A310 Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-02

    ... confirmed that the defects were the result of de-bonding between the skin and honeycomb core. Such reworks... the skin and honeycomb core. Such reworks were also performed on some rudders fitted on A310 and A300... rudders where production reworks have been identified. This * * * [EASA] AD * * * also requires for the...

  8. THREE STAGE COMBUSTION (REBURNING) TEST RESULTS FROM A 300 MW BOILER IN THE UKRAINE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The paper gives results of a program to design, install, and test a natural gas three-stage combustion (reburn) system on a 300-MWe, opposed-wall, wetbottom (slagging) coal-fired utility boiler operating in the Ukraine. The U. S. EPA sponsored this-program in support of a working...

  9. Protection against wing icing for Airbus A300 and A310

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Woelfer, G.

    1981-01-01

    To improve economy of operation, it is now planned to modify the anti-icing system used on the A300 Airbus wing. Thus, for the A310 Airbus, the deicing system will be applied to only half the wing length. Other essential modifications are a substantial simplification of the warm-air system and discontinuation of the use of a double wall in slats.

  10. 76 FR 36387 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 Series Airplanes; Model A310 Series Airplanes; and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-22

    ... Original August 12, 2010. A300-29-6064 Original August 12, 2010. A310-29-2099, including Appendix 01... (for Model A300- Original....... August 12, 2010. 600 airplanes). A310-29-2099 (for Model A310 Original..., 2010. A310-29-2099 Original........ August 12, 2010. A310-29-2100 Original........ August 12, 2010...

  11. Ceramic composite protection for turbine disc bursts. [for the A-300 aircraft

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gardner, P. B.

    1977-01-01

    Ceramic composite turbine disc protection panels for the A300B were developed using armor technology. Analytical predictions for modifying the ballistic projectile armor system were verified by a test program conducted to qualify the rotor containment system. With only a slight change in the areal density of the armor system a more than two-fold increase in kinetic energy protection level was achieved. Thickness of the fiberglass reinforced plastic backing material was increased to achieve an optimum ratio of ceramic thickness to backing thickness for the different ballistic defeat condition.

  12. Design and realization of a 300 W fuel cell generator on an electric bicycle

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cardinali, Luciano; Santomassimo, Saverio; Stefanoni, Marco

    At ENEA Casaccia Research Center (Rome, Italy) a 300 W NUVERA fuel cell stack has been utilized for the construction of a range extender generator on a commercial electric bicycle. The generator is fully automated with a programmable logic controller (PLC) safely operating start-up, shut-down and emergencies; a volumetric compressor supplies air to the cathode, a dc/dc converter transfers energy from the stack to the battery. All ancillary equipment are commercial; only the cell voltage sensors have been developed in order to obtain miniaturized and low consumption components. With this generator the bicycle nominal range of 25 km (utilizing only the Ni-Mh battery) is extended to over 120 km, by installing a 200 bar, 5 l bottle of hydrogen.

  13. Study of Gas Solid Flow Characteristics in Cyclone Inlet Ducts of A300Mwe CFB Boiler

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tang, J. Y.; Lu, X. F.; Lai, J.; Liu, H. Z.

    Gas solid flow characteristics in cyclone's inlet duct of a 300MW CFB boiler were studied in a cold circulating fluidized bed (CFB) experimental setup according to a 410t/h CFB boiler with a scale of 10∶1. Tracer particles were adopted in the experiment and their motion trajectories in the two kinds of cyclone's inlet ducts were photographed by a high-speed camera. By analyzing the motion trajectories of tracer particles, acceleration performance of particle phases in the two inlet ducts was obtained. Results indicate that the acceleration performance of particles in the long inlet duct is better than that in the short inlet duct, but the pressure drop of the long inlet duct is higher. Meanwhile, under the same operating conditions, both the separation efficiency and the pressure drop of the cyclone are higher when the cyclone is connected with the long inlet duct. Figs 11, Tabs 4 and refs 10.

  14. Leishmania tarentolae molecular signatures in a 300 hundred-years-old human Brazilian mummy.

    PubMed

    Novo, Shênia P C; Leles, Daniela; Bianucci, Raffaella; Araujo, Adauto

    2015-02-04

    L. tarentolae, the lizard-infecting species of Old World geckos, has been classified as non-pathogenic to man. While it has been demonstrated that L. tarentolae is capable of infecting human phagocytic cells and to differentiate into amastigote-like forms, there is no clear evidence for its efficient replication within macrophages. Here we provide first evidence for L. tarentolae ancient DNA sequences from bone marrow and intestines of a 300yo adult male. We identified molecular signatures of Leishmania tarentolae, the lizard-infecting species of Old World geckos, in hard and soft tissue biopsies from a Brazilian mummy (A74) uncovered in Itacambira (Brazil) and dating to the Colonial Period (end of 18th/beginning of the 19th century). Our results imply that efficient replication of the parasite occurred within human macrophage and to lead to a systemic spread and visceralization in this individual. The ancient sequences show a 100% similarity with those of isolated L. tarentolae parasites grown on artificial nutrient media and a 99% similarity with two modern sequences isolated from reptiles. De facto, our findings re-open the debate about the potential survival of ancient L. tarentolae strain within human macrophage and its ability to spread systemically. They also raise ecological issues since it is unknown whether this parasite circulates in the reptilian reservoir in modern day Brazil or not. Investigations on fossil fauna and arthropods are needed to shed light on the interactions between saurian Leishmania and lizards in Brazil's remote and recent past.

  15. Development of a 300 Amp-hr high rate lithium thionyl chloride cell

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Boyle, Gerard H.

    1991-01-01

    The development of a high-rate lithium thionyl chloride cylindrical cell with parallel plate electrodes is discussed. The development was divided into three phases: phase 1, a 150 Amp/hour low rate (1 mA/sq cm) design; phase 2, a 25 Amp/hour high rate (5 mA/sq cm) design; and phase 3, a 300 Amp/hour high rate (5 mA/sq cm) design. The basic design is the same for all three cells. The electrodes are perpendicular to the axis of the cylinder. Multiple electrodes are bussed up the side of the cylinder, 180 deg apart allowing excellent anode and cathode utilization. It is a lithium limited design with excess electrolyte. The cathode is Shawinigan or Gulf Acetylene black with no catalyst. The electrolyte is 1.8 Molar lithium tetrachloroaluminate (LiAlCl4) in thionyl chloride. All cell cases are 304L Stainless Steel with a BS&B burst disc.

  16. 76 FR 33176 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-103, B4-203, and B4-2C Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-08

    ...: One operator reported a failure of the MLG [main landing gear] retraction actuator sliding rod. This...: One operator reported a failure of the MLG [main landing gear] retraction actuator sliding rod. This... inspections of the retraction actuator sliding rod as installed on A300, A300-600 and A300-600ST aeroplanes...

  17. East African Soil Erosion Recorded in a 300 Year old Coral Colony From Kenya

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dunbar, R. B.; Fleitmann, D.; McCulloch, M.; Mudelsee, M.; Vuille, M.; McClanahan, T.; Cole, J.; Eggins, S.

    2006-12-01

    Soil erosion threatens the food security of 2.6 billion people worldwide. The situation is particularly dire in East and Sub-Saharan Africa where per capita food production has declined over the past 45 years. Erosion and the resultant loss of fertile soil is a key socio-economic and ecological problem in Kenya, affecting all sectors of its economy and damaging marine and terrestrial ecosystems. The temporal pattern of soil erosion is almost unknown and currently only sparse and rather anecdotal information exists. To aid in filling this gap of knowledge, we present a 300-year long Barium record from two Kenyan coral colonies (Porites sp., 3°15'S, 40°9' E; Malindi Marine National Park) that documents a dynamic history of soil erosion in the Sabaki river drainage basin. To reconstruct Sabaki River sediment flux to the Malindi coral reef Ba/Ca ratios were measured in the skeleton of two Porites colonies (Mal 96-1 and Mal 95-3). Well-developed annual bands allow us to develop annually precise chronologies. Ba/Ca ratios were measured in core Mal 96-1 at continuous 40 μm intervals (~400 to 500 samples yr-1) using laser-ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA- ICP-MS). To test for reproducibility and accuracy of the Mal 96-1 Ba/Ca profile, coral core Mal 95-3 was analyzed at lower resolution (1 to 12 samples yr-1) using discrete micro-drill sampling and isotope dilution ICP-MS. The close similarity between both coral Ba/Ca profiles, in absolute values as well as general pattern, underscores the accuracy of the LA-ICP-MS technique and adds confidence to our interpretation of the 300 year long Mal 96-1 Ba/Ca profile. The Ba/Ca coral proxy record shows that while the sediment flux from the Sabaki River is nearly constant between 1700 and 1900, a continuous rise in sediment flux is observed since 1900, reflecting steadily increasing demographic pressure on land use. The peak in suspended sediment load and hence soil erosion recorded at the Malindi reef

  18. Physiological and technical commitment during a 300-m in-line skating trial in athletes of different age categories.

    PubMed

    Invernizzi, Pietro L; Scurati, Raffaele; Crotti, Matteo; Bosio, Andrea; Longo, Stefano; Esposito, Fabio

    2018-01-04

    This study investigated the differences in strength, technique and time performance in in-line skaters of three age categories during a 300 m trial. Possible correlations among these variables were also assessed. Thirty-six elite in-line skaters (Cadets, Juniors and Seniors, n=12 each; 14±1, 16±1, and 24±6 years of age, respectively) performed a 300-m trial on an outdoor oval track. Total time (Ttot), 100-m fractions and duration of each skating technique (initial acceleration phase, straight push and cross-over) were recorded. A squat jump (SJ) was performed before and after the trial. Heart rate, blood lactate concentration ([La-]) and rate of perceived exertion (RPE) were collected before, during and at the end of the trial. Ttot was longer and SJ lower in Cadets compared to the other groups. Seniors employed the cross-over technique for a longer period than the straight push technique, compared to Juniors and Cadets. Ttot correlated negatively with SJ in Seniors. The number of significant correlations between skating techniques' duration and both Ttot and SJ increased with age category. No differences among groups were found for heart rate, [La-] and RPE. With increasing age category, leg strength appeared to be the more related aspect to skating performance. To improve 300-m in-line skating performance, trainers should pay particular attention to the enhancement of leg strength and cross-over skating technique.

  19. Feasible experimental study on the utilization of a 300 MW CFB boiler desulfurizating bottom ash for construction applications

    SciTech Connect

    Lu, X.F.; Amano, R.S.

    2006-12-15

    CFB boiler ash cannot be used as a cement replacement in concrete due to its unacceptably high sulfur content. The disposal in landfills has been the most common means of handling ash in circulating fluidized bed boiler power plants. However for a 300 MW CFB boiler power plant, there will be 600,000 tons of ash discharged per year and will result in great volumes and disposal cost of ash byproduct. It was very necessary to solve the utilization of CFB ash and to decrease the disposal cost of CFB ash. The feasible experimental study results on the utilization of themore » bottom ashes of a 300 MW CFB boiler in Baima power plant in China were reported in this paper. The bottom ashes used for test came from the discharged bottom ashes in a 100 MW CFB boiler in which the anthracite and limestone designed for the 300 MW CFB project was burned. The results of this study showed that the bottom ash could be used for cementitious material, road concrete, and road base material. The masonry cements, road concrete with 30 MPa compressive strength and 4.0 MPa flexural strength, and the road base material used for base courses of the expressway, the main road and the minor lane were all prepared with milled CFB bottom ashes in the lab. The better methods of utilization of the bottom ashes were discussed in this paper.« less

  20. Beam property measurement of a 300-kV ion source test stand for a 1-MV electrostatic accelerator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, Sae-Hoon; Kim, Dae-Il; Kim, Yu-Seok

    2016-09-01

    The KOMAC (Korea Multi-purpose Accelerator Complex) has been developing a 300-kV ion source test stand for a 1-MV electrostatic accelerator for industrial purposes. A RF ion source was operated at 200 MHz with its matching circuit. The beam profile and emittance were measured behind an accelerating column to confirm the beam property from the RF ion source. The beam profile was measured at the end of the accelerating tube and at the beam dump by using a beam profile monitor (BPM) and wire scanner. An Allison-type emittance scanner was installed behind the beam profile monitor (BPM) to measure the beam density in phase space. The measurement results for the beam profile and emittance are presented in this paper.

  1. Least Square Fast Learning Network for modeling the combustion efficiency of a 300WM coal-fired boiler.

    PubMed

    Li, Guoqiang; Niu, Peifeng; Wang, Huaibao; Liu, Yongchao

    2014-03-01

    This paper presents a novel artificial neural network with a very fast learning speed, all of whose weights and biases are determined by the twice Least Square method, so it is called Least Square Fast Learning Network (LSFLN). In addition, there is another difference from conventional neural networks, which is that the output neurons of LSFLN not only receive the information from the hidden layer neurons, but also receive the external information itself directly from the input neurons. In order to test the validity of LSFLN, it is applied to 6 classical regression applications, and also employed to build the functional relation between the combustion efficiency and operating parameters of a 300WM coal-fired boiler. Experimental results show that, compared with other methods, LSFLN with very less hidden neurons could achieve much better regression precision and generalization ability at a much faster learning speed. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. A practical optical-resolution photoacoustic microscopy prototype using a 300 mW visible laser diode

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zeng, Lvming; Piao, Zhonglie; Huang, Shenghai; Jia, Wangcun; Chen, Zhongping

    2016-03-01

    Optical-resolution photoacoustic microscopy (OR-PAM) is an emerging technique for microvasculature imaging at high spatial resolution and contrast. In this work, we present a practical visible laser-diode-based OR-PAM (LD-OR-PAM) prototype for vasculature imaging, which has the desirable properties of being portable, low-cost, and label-free. The prototype employs a 300 mW pulsed laser diode in a 3.8 mm diameter package, emitting 174 ns pulses at 405 +/- 5 nm wavelength and a pulse energy of 52 nJ. An aspheric objective with a numerical aperture of 0.60 is used to achieve microscope optical illumination. The laser diode excitation has a compact size of 4.5 × 1.8 × 1.8 cm3 assembled with a cooling block. The lateral resolution was tested to be 0.95 μm on ~7 μm carbon fibers. The subcutaneous microvasculature on a mouse back was label-free imaged ex vivo, which demonstrates the potential of the LD-OR-PAM prototype for in vivo imaging skin chromosphores such as hemoglobin. Our ultimate aim is to provide a practical and affordable OR-PAM system as a routine instrument for standard clinical applications.

  3. Evidence of Influence of Human Activities and Volcanic Eruptions on Environmental Perchlorate from a 300-Year Greenland Ice Core Record.

    PubMed

    Cole-Dai, Jihong; Peterson, Kari Marie; Kennedy, Joshua Andrew; Cox, Thomas S; Ferris, David G

    2018-06-26

    A 300-year (1700-2007) chronological record of environmental perchlorate, reconstructed from high-resolution analysis of a central Greenland ice core, shows that perchlorate levels in the post-1980 atmosphere were two-to-three times those of the pre-1980 environment. While this confirms recent reports of increased perchlorate in Arctic snow since 1980 compared with the levels for the prior decades (1930-1980), the longer Greenland record demonstrates that the Industrial Revolution and other human activities, which emitted large quantities of pollutants and contaminants, did not significantly impact environmental perchlorate, as perchlorate levels remained stable throughout the eighteenth, nineteenth, and much of the twentieth centuries. The increased levels since 1980 likely result from enhanced atmospheric perchlorate production, rather than from direct release from perchlorate manufacturing and applications. The enhancement is probably influenced by the emission of organic chlorine compounds in the last several decades. Prior to 1980, no significant long-term temporal trends in perchlorate concentration are observed. Brief (a few years) high concentration episodes appear frequently over an apparently stable and low background (~1 ng kg‒1). Several such episodes coincide in time with large explosive volcanic eruptions including the 1912 Novarupta/Katmai eruption in Alaska. It appears that atmospheric perchlorate production is impacted by large eruptions in both high and low latitudes, but not by small eruptions and non-explosive degassing.

  4. Design of a 300-kV gas environmental transmission electron microscope equipped with a cold field emission gun.

    PubMed

    Isakozawa, Shigeto; Nagaoki, Isao; Watabe, Akira; Nagakubo, Yasuhira; Saito, Nobuhiro; Matsumoto, Hiroaki; Zhang, Xiao Feng; Taniguchi, Yoshifumi; Baba, Norio

    2016-08-01

    A new in situ environmental transmission electron microscope (ETEM) was developed based on a 300 kV TEM with a cold field emission gun (CFEG). Particular caution was taken in the ETEM design to assure uncompromised imaging and analytical performance of the TEM. Because of the improved pumping system between the gun and column, the vacuum of CFEG was largely improved and the probe current was sufficiently stabilized to operate without tip flashing for 2-3 h or longer. A high brightness of 2.5 × 10(9) A/cm(2) sr was measured at 300 kV, verifying the high quality of the CFEG electron beam. A specially designed gas injection-heating holder was used in the in situ TEM study at elevated temperatures with or without gas around the TEM specimen. Using this holder in a 10 Pa gas atmosphere and specimen temperatures up to 1000°C, high-resolution ETEM performance and analysis were achieved. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Japanese Society of Microscopy. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  5. "WhatsApp"ening in orthopedic care: a concise report from a 300-bedded tertiary care teaching center.

    PubMed

    Khanna, Vishesh; Sambandam, Senthil N; Gul, Arif; Mounasamy, Varatharaj

    2015-07-01

    Smartphones have emerged as essential tools providing assistance in patient care, monitoring, rehabilitation, communication, diagnosis, teaching, research and reference. Among innumerable communication apps, WhatsApp has been widely popular and cost effective. The aim of our study was to report the impact of introduction of a smartphone app "WhatsApp" as an intradepartmental communication tool on (1) awareness of patient-related information, (2) efficiency of the handover process and (3) duration of traditional morning handovers among orthopedic residents in a 300-bedded tertiary care teaching center. Written handovers and paging used for communication at our center led to occasional inefficiencies among residents. Widespread use, low cost, availability and double password protection (phone lock and WhatsApp lock) made WhatsApp's group conversation feature an ideal tool for intradepartmental patient-related communication. Twenty-five consecutive admissions before and after WhatsApp (BW, AW) were included in the study. Eight orthopedic residents attempted fifty randomly arranged questions based on the twenty-five patients in each study period. A null hypothesis that introduction of WhatsApp group would neither increase the awareness of patient-related information nor improve the efficiency of the handovers among residents was assumed. A significant improvement observed in scores obtained by residents in the AW group led to rejection of the null hypothesis. The residents also reported swifter and efficient handovers after the introduction of WhatsApp. Our results indicate that the introduction of a smartphone app "WhatsApp" as an intradepartmental communication tool can bring about an improvement in patient-related awareness, communication and handovers among orthopedic residents.

  6. 75 FR 11428 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B2-1C, B2-203, B2K-3C, B4-103, B4-203, B4-2C...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-11

    ...-0789; Directorate Identifier 2008-NM-185-AD; Amendment 39-16228; AD 2010-06-04] RIN 2120-AA64..., A310-54-2018 and A300-54-6015. * * * This AD requires the implementation of this * * * inspection... that table were derived from the note in the Configuration 01 table in paragraph 1.E.(2) of Airbus...

  7. 15 CFR 8a.300 - Admission.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... discriminate against or exclude any person on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, termination of pregnancy, or...) Subject to § 8a.235(d), shall treat disabilities related to pregnancy, childbirth, termination of pregnancy, or recovery therefrom in the same manner and under the same policies as any other temporary...

  8. 15 CFR 8a.300 - Admission.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... discriminate against or exclude any person on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, termination of pregnancy, or...) Subject to § 8a.235(d), shall treat disabilities related to pregnancy, childbirth, termination of pregnancy, or recovery therefrom in the same manner and under the same policies as any other temporary...

  9. 15 CFR 8a.300 - Admission.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... discriminate against or exclude any person on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, termination of pregnancy, or...) Subject to § 8a.235(d), shall treat disabilities related to pregnancy, childbirth, termination of...

  10. 15 CFR 8a.300 - Admission.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... discriminate against or exclude any person on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, termination of pregnancy, or...) Subject to § 8a.235(d), shall treat disabilities related to pregnancy, childbirth, termination of...

  11. 15 CFR 8a.300 - Admission.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... discriminate against or exclude any person on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, termination of pregnancy, or...) Subject to § 8a.235(d), shall treat disabilities related to pregnancy, childbirth, termination of...

  12. 76 FR 63177 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B2-1C, A300 B2-203, A300 B2K-3C, A300-B4-103, A300 B4...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-12

    ... available in the AD docket shortly after receipt. List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39 Air transportation... DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 39 [Docket No. FAA-2011... B4-2C Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT...

  13. 76 FR 26962 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B2-1C, A300 B2-203, A300 B2K-3C, A300-B4-103, A300 B4...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-10

    ... repetitive detailed inspections for disbonding and cracking of the fuselage inner doubler; eddy current and... detailed inspections for disbonding and cracking of the fuselage inner doubler; eddy current and ultrasonic... or Modification if Necessary (g) For airplanes on which an eddy current inspection of the ``special...

  14. Stars Just Got Bigger - A 300 Solar Mass Star Uncovered

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2010-07-01

    Using a combination of instruments on ESO's Very Large Telescope, astronomers have discovered the most massive stars to date, one weighing at birth more than 300 times the mass of the Sun, or twice as much as the currently accepted limit of 150 solar masses. The existence of these monsters - millions of times more luminous than the Sun, losing weight through very powerful winds - may provide an answer to the question "how massive can stars be?" A team of astronomers led by Paul Crowther, Professor of Astrophysics at the University of Sheffield, has used ESO's Very Large Telescope (VLT), as well as archival data from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, to study two young clusters of stars, NGC 3603 and RMC 136a in detail. NGC 3603 is a cosmic factory where stars form frantically from the nebula's extended clouds of gas and dust, located 22 000 light-years away from the Sun (eso1005). RMC 136a (more often known as R136) is another cluster of young, massive and hot stars, which is located inside the Tarantula Nebula, in one of our neighbouring galaxies, the Large Magellanic Cloud, 165 000 light-years away (eso0613). The team found several stars with surface temperatures over 40 000 degrees, more than seven times hotter than our Sun, and a few tens of times larger and several million times brighter. Comparisons with models imply that several of these stars were born with masses in excess of 150 solar masses. The star R136a1, found in the R136 cluster, is the most massive star ever found, with a current mass of about 265 solar masses and with a birthweight of as much as 320 times that of the Sun. In NGC 3603, the astronomers could also directly measure the masses of two stars that belong to a double star system [1], as a validation of the models used. The stars A1, B and C in this cluster have estimated masses at birth above or close to 150 solar masses. Very massive stars produce very powerful outflows. "Unlike humans, these stars are born heavy and lose weight as they age," says Paul Crowther. "Being a little over a million years old, the most extreme star R136a1 is already 'middle-aged' and has undergone an intense weight loss programme, shedding a fifth of its initial mass over that time, or more than fifty solar masses." If R136a1 replaced the Sun in our Solar System, it would outshine the Sun by as much as the Sun currently outshines the full Moon. "Its high mass would reduce the length of the Earth's year to three weeks, and it would bathe the Earth in incredibly intense ultraviolet radiation, rendering life on our planet impossible," says Raphael Hirschi from Keele University, who belongs to the team. These super heavyweight stars are extremely rare, forming solely within the densest star clusters. Distinguishing the individual stars - which has now been achieved for the first time - requires the exquisite resolving power of the VLT's infrared instruments [2]. The team also estimated the maximum possible mass for the stars within these clusters and the relative number of the most massive ones. "The smallest stars are limited to more than about eighty times more than Jupiter, below which they are 'failed stars' or brown dwarfs," says team member Olivier Schnurr from the Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam. "Our new finding supports the previous view that there is also an upper limit to how big stars can get, although it raises the limit by a factor of two, to about 300 solar masses." Within R136, only four stars weighed more than 150 solar masses at birth, yet they account for nearly half of the wind and radiation power of the entire cluster, comprising approximately 100 000 stars in total. R136a1 alone energises its surroundings by more than a factor of fifty compared to the Orion Nebula cluster, the closest region of massive star formation to Earth. Understanding how high mass stars form is puzzling enough, due to their very short lives and powerful winds, so that the identification of such extreme cases as R136a1 raises the challenge to theorists still further. "Either they were born so big or smaller stars merged together to produce them," explains Crowther. Stars between about 8 and 150 solar masses explode at the end of their short lives as supernovae, leaving behind exotic remnants, either neutron stars or black holes. Having now established the existence of stars weighing between 150 and 300 solar masses, the astronomers' findings raise the prospect of the existence of exceptionally bright, "pair instability supernovae" that completely blow themselves apart, failing to leave behind any remnant and dispersing up to ten solar masses of iron into their surroundings. A few candidates for such explosions have already been proposed in recent years. Not only is R136a1 the most massive star ever found, but it also has the highest luminosity too, close to 10 million times greater than the Sun. "Owing to the rarity of these monsters, I think it is unlikely that this new record will be broken any time soon," concludes Crowther. Notes [1] The star A1 in NGC 3603 is a double star, with an orbital period of 3.77 days. The two stars in the system have, respectively, 120 and 92 times the mass of the Sun, which means that they have formed as stars weighing, respectively, 148 and 106 solar masses. [2] The team used the SINFONI, ISAAC and MAD instruments, all attached to ESO's Very Large Telescope at Paranal, Chile. [3] (note added on 26 July 2010) The "bigger" in the title does not imply that these stars are the biggest observed. Such stars, called red supergiants, can have radii up to about a thousand solar radii, while R136a1, which is blue, is about 35 times as large as the Sun. However, R136a1 is the star with the greatest mass known to date. More information This work is presented in an article published in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ("The R136 star cluster hosts several stars whose individual masses greatly exceed the accepted 150 Msun stellar mass limit", by P. Crowther et al.). The team is composed of Paul A. Crowther, Richard J. Parker, and Simon P. Goodwin (University of Sheffield, UK), Olivier Schnurr (University of Sheffield and Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam, Germany), Raphael Hirschi (Keele University, UK), and Norhasliza Yusof and Hasan Abu Kassim (University of Malaya, Malaysia). ESO, the European Southern Observatory, is the foremost intergovernmental astronomy organisation in Europe and the world's most productive astronomical observatory. It is supported by 14 countries: Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Finland, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. ESO carries out an ambitious programme focused on the design, construction and operation of powerful ground-based observing facilities enabling astronomers to make important scientific discoveries. ESO also plays a leading role in promoting and organising cooperation in astronomical research. ESO operates three unique world-class observing sites in Chile: La Silla, Paranal and Chajnantor. At Paranal, ESO operates the Very Large Telescope, the world's most advanced visible-light astronomical observatory and VISTA, the world's largest survey telescope. ESO is the European partner of a revolutionary astronomical telescope ALMA, the largest astronomical project in existence. ESO is currently planning a 42-metre European Extremely Large optical/near-infrared Telescope, the E-ELT, which will become "the world's biggest eye on the sky".

  15. Ageing airplane repair assessment program for Airbus A300

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gaillardon, J. M.; Schmidt, HANS-J.; Brandecker, B.

    1992-01-01

    This paper describes the current status of the repair categorization activities and includes all details about the methodologies developed for determination of the inspection program for the skin on pressurized fuselages. For inspection threshold determination two methods are defined based on fatigue life approach, a simplified and detailed method. The detailed method considers 15 different parameters to assess the influences of material, geometry, size location, aircraft usage, and workmanship on the fatigue life of the repair and the original structure. For definition of the inspection intervals a general method is developed which applies to all concerned repairs. For this the initial flaw concept is used by considering 6 parameters and the detectable flaw sizes depending on proposed nondestructive inspection methods. An alternative method is provided for small repairs allowing visual inspection with shorter intervals.

  16. Clinical experience of PDT in Brazil: a 300 patient overview

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kurachi, Cristina; Ferreira, Juliana; Marcassa, Luis G.; Cestari Filho, Guilherme A.; Souza, Cacilda S.; Bagnato, Vanderlei S.

    2005-04-01

    Clinical application of Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) in Brazil is a result of a pioneering work in a collaborative program involving the Physics Institute and the Medical School of the University of Sao Paulo and the Amaral Carvalho Cancer Hospital in the city of Jau, Sao Paulo. This work began in 1997 with the first patient treated in 1999. Up to the end of 2003 this program has treated over 300 patients and the ones with correct follow up had their lesions included in this report. The majority of the lesions were of non-melanoma skin cancer located on the head and neck region, but the group has also treated Esophagus, Bladder, Gynecological, chest wall recurrence of breast cancer, among others. The results have shown to be compatible with internationally reported data, and we have modified some application procedures towards to a better benefit for the patient and an optimization of the results. We present the overall results observed after 5 year of experimental clinical treatment.

  17. Studies on a 300 k pixel detector telescope

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Middelkamp, Peter; Antinori, F.; Barberis, D.; Becks, K. H.; Beker, H.; Beusch, W.; Burger, P.; Campbell, M.; Cantatore, E.; Catanesi, M. G.; Chesi, E.; Darbo, G.; D'Auria, S.; Davia, C.; di Bari, D.; di Liberto, S.; Elia, D.; Gys, T.; Heijne, E. H. M.; Helstrup, H.; Jacholkowski, A.; Jæger, J. J.; Jakubek, J.; Jarron, P.; Klempt, W.; Krummenacher, F.; Knudson, K.; Kralik, I.; Kubasta, J.; Lasalle, J. C.; Leitner, R.; Lemeilleur, F.; Lenti, V.; Letheren, M.; Lopez, L.; Loukas, D.; Luptak, M.; Martinengo, P.; Meddeler, G.; Meddi, F.; Morando, M.; Munns, A.; Pellegrini, F.; Pengg, F.; Pospisil, S.; Quercigh, E.; Ridky, J.; Rossi, L.; Safarik, K.; Scharfetter, L.; Segato, G.; Simone, S.; Smith, K.; Snoeys, W.; Vrba, V.

    1996-02-01

    Four silicon pixel detector planes are combined to form a tracking telescope in the lead ion experiment WA97 at CERN with 290 304 sensitive elements each of 75 μm by 500 μm area. An electronic pulse processing circuit is associated with each individual sensing element and the response for ionizing particles is binary with an adjustable threshold. The noise rate for a threshold of 6000 e- has been measured to be less than 10-10. The inefficient area due to malfunctioning pixels is 2.8% of the 120 cm2. Detector overlaps within one plane have been used to determine the alignment of the components of the plane itself, without need for track reconstruction using external detectors. It is the first time that such a big surface covered with active pixels has been used in a physics experiment. Some aspects concerning inclined particle tracks and time walk have been measured separately in a beam test at the CERN SPS H6 beam.

  18. A 300 GHz collective scattering diagnostic for low temperature plasmas.

    PubMed

    Hardin, Robert A; Scime, Earl E; Heard, John

    2008-10-01

    A compact and portable 300 GHz collective scattering diagnostic employing a homodyne detection scheme has been constructed and installed on the hot helicon experiment (HELIX). Verification of the homodyne detection scheme was accomplished with a rotating grooved aluminum wheel to Doppler shift the interaction beam. The HELIX chamber geometry and collection optics allow measurement of scattering angles ranging from 60 degrees to 90 degrees. Artificially driven ion-acoustic waves are also being investigated as a proof-of-principle test for the diagnostic system.

  19. Archaeology and Astronomy.A 300-year Voyage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morellato, Jody

    2015-05-01

    This article will present a short introduction into my research on archaeoastronomical studies' origin and development. I deliberately focus my attention on a particular epoch: from the beginning of the 18th century to the 1970s: more precisely 1973, a special positive moment for this field, when anthropologist E.C. Baity generated the neologism of 'ethnoastronomy'. The intention is to describe briefly the romantic hypotheses of the earliest eclectic pioneers - subsequently grouped under the name of astro-archaeologists - combining summaries of the main ideas and quotations. We will be able to reconstruct a valid general overview about the topic in question and the facts - described following a natural chronological development - will guide us to the modern idea of archaeoastronomy. Through two interesting moments during the early twentieth century, but especially at the turn of the 1970s it almost seems that a dialogue may be possible. Thanks to institutions such as the British Academy or Royal Society, and the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, a point of convergence bringing together archaeology and astronomy will be established, as well as the promotion of an interdisciplinary research. Might the wall of separation between the arts and the sciences, at least in this field, be overcome? Are we at the threshold of a new discipline? To answer these questions we need a deeper understanding of the contemporary studies on cultural astronomy: a history that develops not only in a linear time, but also growth in complexity and tone, involving more and more scholars belonging to the main scientific and humanistic fields. I would leave this point open inviting my colleagues to join and push forward a research we all totally do need.

  20. 75 FR 8551 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300, A300-600, and A310 Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-25

    ... when combined with an air duct leak, air conditioning system contamination or, if installed... combined with an air duct leak, air conditioning system contamination or, if installed, malfunction of the... some cases, the air conditioning system was contaminated with hydraulic mist. The leakage of the check...

  1. 75 FR 11435 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-2C, B4-103, and B4-203 Airplanes; and Model A300...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-11

    ... operator reported that, during a routine inspection, the Right Hand frame 40 forward fitting between... result in a deterioration of the structural integrity of the frame. * * * * * We are issuing this AD to... operator reported that, during a routine inspection, the Right Hand frame 40 forward fitting between...

  2. Space imaging of a 300 years old cooling magma chamber: Timanfaya volcano (Lanzarote, Canary Islands)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gonzalez, P. J.; Tiampo, K. F.

    2010-12-01

    Multitemporal space radar interferometry analysis between 1992 and 2000 revealed significantly deforming areas with a magnitude of 4-6 mm/yr of lengthening in the radar line of sight at Timanfaya volcano (Lanzarote, Canary Island). Timanfaya volcano erupted almost 300 years ago (1730-1736), along a 15 km-long fissure-feeding magmatic system, resulting in the longest and largest historical eruption of the Canarian archipelago to date, with >1 km3 of erupted basaltic lavas covering 200 km2. High surficial temperature (600 degrees-C at 13 m) and high heat flux measurements (150 mW/m2) suggest that the remnants of the magmatic chamber that fed the 1730-1736 are still partly molten. Here, we present preliminary models of the subsidence taking into account all available data, including geophysical data (heat flux, seismic, magnetotelluric and gravity), the geochemistry of freshly erupted lavas, upper mantle and crustal xenoliths, and structural geology.

  3. A 300-million-year record of atmospheric carbon dioxide from fossil plant cuticles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Retallack, Gregory J.

    2001-05-01

    To understand better the link between atmospheric CO2 concentrations and climate over geological time, records of past CO2 are reconstructed from geochemical proxies. Although these records have provided us with a broad picture of CO2 variation throughout the Phanerozoic eon (the past 544Myr), inconsistencies and gaps remain that still need to be resolved. Here I present a continuous 300-Myr record of stomatal abundance from fossil leaves of four genera of plants that are closely related to the present-day Ginkgo tree. Using the known relationship between leaf stomatal abundance and growing season CO2 concentrations, I reconstruct past atmospheric CO2 concentrations. For the past 300Myr, only two intervals of low CO2 (<1,000p.p.m.v.) are inferred, both of which coincide with known ice ages in Neogene (1-8Myr) and early Permian (275-290Myr) times. But for most of the Mesozoic era (65-250Myr), CO2 levels were high (1,000-2,000p.p.m.v.), with transient excursions to even higher CO2 (>2,000p.p.m.v.) concentrations. These results are consistent with some reconstructions of past CO2 (refs 1, 2) and palaeotemperature records, but suggest that CO2 reconstructions based on carbon isotope proxies may be compromised by episodic outbursts of isotopically light methane. These results support the role of water vapour, methane and CO2 in greenhouse climate warming over the past 300Myr.

  4. UNAM Scientific Drilling Program of Chicxulub Impact Structure-Evidence for a 300 kilometer crater diameter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Urrutia-Fucugauchi, J.; Marin, L.; Trejo-Garcia, A.

    As part of the UNAM drilling program at the Chicxulub structure, two 700 m deep continuously cored boreholes were completed between April and July, 1995. The Peto UNAM-6 and Tekax UNAM-7 drilling sites are ˜150 km and 125 km, respectively, SSE of Chicxulub Puerto, near the crater's center. Core samples from both sites show a sequence of post-crater carbonates on top of a thick impact breccia pile covering the disturbed Mesozoic platform rocks. At UNAM-7, two impact breccia units were encountered: (1) an upper breccia, mean magnetic susceptibility is high (˜55 × 10-6 SI units), indicating a large component of silicate basement has been incorporated into this breccia, and (2) an evaporite-rich, low susceptibility impact breccia similar in character to the evaporite-rich breccias observed at the PEMEX drill sites further out. The upper breccia was encountered at ˜226 m below the surface and is ˜125 m thick; the lower breccia is immediately subjacent and is >240 m thick. This two-breccia sequence is typical of the suevite-Bunte breccia sequence found within other well preserved impact craters. The suevitic upper unit is not present at UNAM-6. Instead, a >240 m thick evaporite-rich breccia unit, similar to the lower breccia at UNAM-7, was encountered at a depth of ˜280 m. The absence of an upper breccia equivalent at UNAM-6 suggests some portion of the breccia sequence has been removed by erosion. This is consistent with interpretations that place the high-standing crater rim at 130-150 km from the center. Consequently, the stratigraphic observations and magnetic susceptibiity records on the upper and lower breccias (depth and thickness) support a ˜300 km diameter crater model.

  5. Latest evolution in a 300mm graphoepitaxy pilot line flow for L/S applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Claveau, G.; Argoud, M.; Pimenta-Barros, P.; Chamiot-Maitral, G.; Tiron, R.; Chevalier, X.; Navarro, C.

    2017-03-01

    Directed Self Assembly (DSA) of block-copolymers (BCPs) used as a complementary technique to the 193nm immersion lithography has demonstrated sub-10nm node applications in both via and line/space patterning. We propose however to study the performance of graphoepitaxy which allows DSA with thicker initial BCP layer, higher multiplication factors and stronger orientation control of lamellae. The aim of this work is to use the 300mm pilot line available at LETI and Arkema's advanced materials to evaluate the performances of a novel graphoepitaxy process based on the work on a 38nm period lamellar PS-b-PMMA (L38) reported before.

  6. Process characteristics and design methods for a 300 deg quad OP amp

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Beasom, J. D.; Patterson, R. B., III

    1981-01-01

    The results of process characterization, circuit design, and reliability studies for the development of a quad OP amplifier intended for use up to 300 C are presented. A dielectrically isolated complementary vertical bipolar process was chosen to fabricate the amplifier in order to eliminate isolation leakage and the possibility of latch up. Characterization of NPN and PNP junctions showed them to be suitable for use up to 300 C. Interconnect reliability was predicted to be greater than four years mean time between failure. Parasitic MOS formation was eliminated by isolation of each device.

  7. The Role of a Physical Analysis Laboratory in a 300 mm IC Development and Manufacturing Centre

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kwakman, L. F. Tz.; Bicais-Lepinay, N.; Courtas, S.; Delille, D.; Juhel, M.; Trouiller, C.; Wyon, C.; de la Bardonnie, M.; Lorut, F.; Ross, R.

    2005-09-01

    To remain competitive IC manufacturers have to accelerate the development of most advanced (CMOS) technology and to deliver high yielding products with best cycle times and at a competitive pricing. With the increase of technology complexity, also the need for physical characterization support increases, however many of the existing techniques are no longer adequate to effectively support the 65-45 nm technology node developments. New and improved techniques are definitely needed to better characterize the often marginal processes, but these should not significantly impact fabrication costs or cycle time. Hence, characterization and metrology challenges in state-of-the-art IC manufacturing are both of technical and economical nature. TEM microscopy is needed for high quality, high volume analytical support but several physical and practical hurdles have to be taken. The success rate of FIB-SEM based failure analysis drops as defects often are too small to be detected and fault isolation becomes more difficult in the nano-scale device structures. To remain effective and efficient, SEM and OBIRCH techniques have to be improved or complemented with other more effective methods. Chemical analysis of novel materials and critical interfaces requires improvements in the field of e.g. SIMS, ToF-SIMS. Techniques that previously were only used sporadically, like EBSD and XRD, have become a `must' to properly support backend process development. At the bright side, thanks to major technical advances, techniques that previously were practiced at laboratory level only now can be used effectively for at-line fab metrology: Voltage Contrast based defectivity control, XPS based gate dielectric metrology and XRD based control of copper metallization processes are practical examples. In this paper capabilities and shortcomings of several techniques and corresponding equipment are presented with practical illustrations of use in our Crolles facilities.

  8. 75 FR 75870 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 Series Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-07

    ... to the aeroplane has two load paths, a Primary Load Path (PLP) and a Secondary Load Path (SLP), which is only engaged in case of PLP failure. Following the design intent, engagement of the SLP leads to... representative flights have demonstrated that, when the SLP is engaged, it does not systematically jam the THSA...

  9. 75 FR 52652 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 Series Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-27

    ... to the aeroplane has two load paths, a Primary Load Path (PLP) and a Secondary Load Path (SLP), which is only engaged in case of PLP failure. Following the design intent, engagement of the SLP leads to... representative flights have demonstrated that, when the SLP is engaged, it does not systematically jam the THSA...

  10. Study on cold head structure of a 300 Hz thermoacoustically driven pulse tube cryocooler

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, G. Y.; Wang, X. T.; Dai, W.; Luo, E. C.

    2012-04-01

    High reliability, compact size and potentially high thermal efficiency make the high frequency thermoacoustically-driven pulse tube cryocooler quite promising for space use. With continuous efforts, the lowest temperature and the thermal efficiency of the coupled system have been greatly improved. So far, a cold head temperature below 60 K has been achieved on such kind of cryocooler with the operation frequency of around 300 Hz. To further improve the thermal efficiency and expedite its practical application, this work focuses on studying the influence of cold head structure on the system performance. Substantial numerical simulations were firstly carried out, which revealed that the cold head structure would greatly influence the cooling power and the thermal efficiency. To validate the predictions, a lot of experiments have been done. The experiments and calculations are in reasonable agreement. With 500 W heating power input into the engine, a no-load temperature of 63 K and a cooling power of 1.16 W at 80 K have been obtained with parallel-plate cold head, indicating encouraging improvement of the thermal efficiency.

  11. Demonstration of Essential Reliability Services by a 300-MW Solar Photovoltaic Power Plant

    SciTech Connect

    Loutan, Clyde; Klauer, Peter; Chowdhury, Sirajul

    The California Independent System Operator (CAISO), First Solar, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) conducted a demonstration project on a large utility-scale photovoltaic (PV) power plant in California to test its ability to provide essential ancillary services to the electric grid. With increasing shares of solar- and wind-generated energy on the electric grid, traditional generation resources equipped with automatic governor control (AGC) and automatic voltage regulation controls -- specifically, fossil thermal -- are being displaced. The deployment of utility-scale, grid-friendly PV power plants that incorporate advanced capabilities to support grid stability and reliability is essential for the large-scale integrationmore » of PV generation into the electric power grid, among other technical requirements. A typical PV power plant consists of multiple power electronic inverters and can contribute to grid stability and reliability through sophisticated 'grid-friendly' controls. In this way, PV power plants can be used to mitigate the impact of variability on the grid, a role typically reserved for conventional generators. In August 2016, testing was completed on First Solar's 300-MW PV power plant, and a large amount of test data was produced and analyzed that demonstrates the ability of PV power plants to use grid-friendly controls to provide essential reliability services. These data showed how the development of advanced power controls can enable PV to become a provider of a wide range of grid services, including spinning reserves, load following, voltage support, ramping, frequency response, variability smoothing, and frequency regulation to power quality. Specifically, the tests conducted included various forms of active power control such as AGC and frequency regulation; droop response; and reactive power, voltage, and power factor controls. This project demonstrated that advanced power electronics and solar generation can be controlled to contribute to system-wide reliability. It was shown that the First Solar plant can provide essential reliability services related to different forms of active and reactive power controls, including plant participation in AGC, primary frequency control, ramp rate control, and voltage regulation. For AGC participation in particular, by comparing the PV plant testing results to the typical performance of individual conventional technologies, we showed that regulation accuracy by the PV plant is 24-30 points better than fast gas turbine technologies. The plant's ability to provide volt-ampere reactive control during periods of extremely low power generation was demonstrated as well. The project team developed a pioneering demonstration concept and test plan to show how various types of active and reactive power controls can leverage PV generation's value from being a simple variable energy resource to a resource that provides a wide range of ancillary services. With this project's approach to a holistic demonstration on an actual, large, utility-scale, operational PV power plant and dissemination of the obtained results, the team sought to close some gaps in perspectives that exist among various stakeholders in California and nationwide by providing real test data.« less

  12. Heat Transfer Coefficient Distribution in the Furnace of a 300MWe CFB Boiler

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, P.; Lu, J. F.; Yang, H. R.; Zhang, J. S.; Zhang, H.; Yue, G. X.

    Properly understanding and calculating the distributions of heat flux and heat transfer coefficient (α) in the furnace is important in designing a circulating fluidized bed (CFB) boiler, especially with supercritical parameters. Experimental study on the heat transfer in a commercial 300MWe CFB boiler was conducted. The α from the bed to the water wall was measured by the finite element method (FEM), at five different heights. The influence of suspension density and bed temperature on α was analyzed. It was found that the pressure difference between the inlet and exit of the three cyclones, and the chamber pressure of the corresponding loop seal were not equal. The results indicated the suspension solid density was non-uniform in the cross section at a certain height. Consequently, the distributions of heat flux and α in the horizontal plane in the furnace was non-uniform. The furnace can divided into three sections according to the arrangement of the platen superheaters hanging in the upper CFB furnace. In each section, the heat flux near the center showed increasing trend.

  13. A 300-year Vietnam hydroclimate and ENSO variability record reconstructed from tree ring δ18O

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sano, Masaki; Xu, Chenxi; Nakatsuka, Takeshi

    2012-06-01

    A tree ring δ18O chronology is developed for the past 300 years (1705-2004) using 6 cypress trees from northern Vietnam to reconstruct long-term hydroclimatic variations in the summer monsoon season. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first well-replicated tree ringδ18O chronology from Southeast Asia, as well as the longest yet produced. Response analyses reveal that tree ring δ18O is significantly correlated with temperature, precipitation, and the Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) during the period May-October, with highest correlation to the PDSI. Our δ18O chronology accounts for 44% of the PDSI variance, and is in good agreement with a 52-year tree ringδ18O chronology from northern Laos (r = 0.77), indicating that regional hydroclimatic signals are well recorded in the δ18O data. Spatial correlation analyses with global sea surface temperatures suggest that the tropical Pacific plays an important role in modulating hydroclimate over the study region. Further, the δ18O chronology correlates significantly with El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO)-related indices, and is therefore used to reconstruct the annual Multivariate ENSO Index. Because previously published ENSO reconstructions are based mainly on proxy records originating from North America and/or the tropical Pacific, the future development of a tree ringδ18O network from mainland Southeast Asia could lead to an independent and more robust reconstruction of ENSO variability.

  14. Development of a 300,000-pixel ultrahigh-speed high-sensitivity CCD

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ohtake, H.; Hayashida, T.; Kitamura, K.; Arai, T.; Yonai, J.; Tanioka, K.; Maruyama, H.; Etoh, T. Goji; Poggemann, D.; Ruckelshausen, A.; van Kuijk, H.; Bosiers, Jan T.

    2006-02-01

    We are developing an ultrahigh-speed, high-sensitivity broadcast camera that is capable of capturing clear, smooth slow-motion videos even where lighting is limited, such as at professional baseball games played at night. In earlier work, we developed an ultrahigh-speed broadcast color camera1) using three 80,000-pixel ultrahigh-speed, highsensitivity CCDs2). This camera had about ten times the sensitivity of standard high-speed cameras, and enabled an entirely new style of presentation for sports broadcasts and science programs. Most notably, increasing the pixel count is crucially important for applying ultrahigh-speed, high-sensitivity CCDs to HDTV broadcasting. This paper provides a summary of our experimental development aimed at improving the resolution of CCD even further: a new ultrahigh-speed high-sensitivity CCD that increases the pixel count four-fold to 300,000 pixels.

  15. Design and Integration of Hydrostatic Transmission in a 300-HP Marine Corps Amphibious Vehicle

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-03-01

    tests , and the control logic, micro- computer hardware , and electro-hydraulic actuators that transform operator inputs into drivetrain outputs. Also...actually the case based on manufacturers’ information. The use of swash plate pumps in this application presents no real problem and is in fact the ...industry norm. Although the swash plate pumps do suffer slightly from a decrease in

  16. Performance of a 300 Mbps 1:16 serial/parallel optoelectronic receiver module

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Richard, M. A.; Claspy, P. C.; Bhasin, K. B.; Bendett, M. B.

    1990-01-01

    Optical interconnects are being considered for the high speed distribution of multiplexed control signals in GaAs monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC) based phased array antennas. The performance of a hybrid GaAs optoelectronic integrated circuit (OEIC) is described, as well as its design and fabrication. The OEIC converts a 16-bit serial optical input to a 16 parallel line electrical output using an on-board 1:16 demultiplexer and operates at data rates as high as 30b Mbps. The performance characteristics and potential applications of the device are presented.

  17. Mineralized rods and cones suggest colour vision in a 300 Myr-old fossil fish.

    PubMed

    Tanaka, Gengo; Parker, Andrew R; Hasegawa, Yoshikazu; Siveter, David J; Yamamoto, Ryoichi; Miyashita, Kiyoshi; Takahashi, Yuichi; Ito, Shosuke; Wakamatsu, Kazumasa; Mukuda, Takao; Matsuura, Marie; Tomikawa, Ko; Furutani, Masumi; Suzuki, Kayo; Maeda, Haruyoshi

    2014-12-23

    Vision, which consists of an optical system, receptors and image-processing capacity, has existed for at least 520 Myr. Except for the optical system, as in the calcified lenses of trilobite and ostracod arthropods, other parts of the visual system are not usually preserved in the fossil record, because the soft tissue of the eye and the brain decay rapidly after death, such as within 64 days and 11 days, respectively. The Upper Carboniferous Hamilton Formation (300 Myr) in Kansas, USA, yields exceptionally well-preserved animal fossils in an estuarine depositional setting. Here we show that the original colour, shape and putative presence of eumelanin have been preserved in the acanthodii fish Acanthodes bridgei. We also report on the tissues of its eye, which provides the first record of mineralized rods and cones in a fossil and indicates that this 300 Myr-old fish likely possessed colour vision.

  18. Engineering and erection of a 300kW high-flux solar simulator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wieghardt, Kai; Laaber, Dmitrij; Hilger, Patrick; Dohmen, Volkmar; Funken, Karl-Heinz; Hoffschmidt, Bernhard

    2017-06-01

    German Aerospace Center (DLR) is currently constructing a new high-flux solar simulator synlight which shall be commissioned in late 2016. The new facility will provide three separately operated experimental spaces with expected radiant powers of about 300kW / 240kW / 240kW respectively. synlight was presented to the public for the first time at SolarPACES 2015 [1]. Its engineering and erection is running according to plan. The current presentation reports about the engineering and the ongoing erection of the novel facility, and gives an outlook on its new level of possibilities for solar testing and qualification.

  19. Free-flying experiment to measure the Schawlow-Townes linewidth limit of a 300 THz laser oscillator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Byer, R. L.; Byvik, C. E.

    1988-01-01

    Recent advances in laser diode-pumped solid state laser sources permit the design and testing of laser sources with linewidths that approach the Schawlow-Townes limit of 1 Hz/mW of output power. Laser diode pumped solid state ring oscillators have been operated with CW output power levels of 25 mW at electrical efficiencies that exceed 6 percent. These oscillators are expected to operate for lifetimes that approach those of the laser diode sources which is now approaching 20,000 hours. The efficiency and lifetime of these narrow linewidth laser sources will enable space measurements of gravity waves, remote sensing applications (including local range rate and measurements), and laser sources for frequency and time standards. A free-flight experiment, 'SUNLITE', is being designed to measure the linewidth of this all-solid-state laser system.

  20. Study on Matching a 300 MVA Motor Generator with an Ohmic Heating Power Supply in HL-2M

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peng, Jianfei; Xuan, Weimin; Wang, Haibing; Li, Huajun; Wang, Yingqiao; Wang, Shujin

    2013-03-01

    A new 300 MVA/1350 MJ motor generator (MG) will be built to feed all of the poloidal field power supplies (PFPS) and auxiliary heating power supplies of the HL-2M tokamak. The MG has a vertical-shaft salient pole 6-phase synchronous generator and a coaxial 8500 kW induction motor. The Ohmic heating power supply (OHPS) consisting of 4-quadrant DC pulsed convertor is the one with the highest parameters among the PFPS. Therefore, the match between the generator and the OHPS is very important. The matching study with Matlab/Simulink is described in this paper. The simulation results show that the subtransient reactance of the generator is closely related to the inversion operation of the OHPS. By setting various subtransient reactance in the simulation generator model and considering the cost reduction, the optimized parameters are obtained as x″d = 0.405 p.u. at 100 Hz for the generator. The models built in the simulation can be used as an important tool for studying the dynamic characteristics and the control strategy of other HL-2M PFPSes.

  1. First test of a high voltage feedthrough for liquid Argon TPCs connected to a 300 kV power supply

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cantini, C.; Gendotti, A.; Molina Bueno, L.; Murphy, S.; Radics, B.; Regenfus, C.; Rigaut, Y.-A.; Rubbia, A.; Sergiampietri, F.; Viant, T.; Wu, S.

    2017-03-01

    Voltages above a hundred kilo-volt will be required to generate the drift field of future very large liquid Argon Time Projection Chambers. One of the most delicate component is the feedthrough whose role is to safely deliver the very high voltage to the cathode through the thick insulating walls of the cryostat without compromising the purity of the argon inside. This requires a feedthrough that is typically meters long and carefully designed to be vacuum tight and have small heat input. Furthermore, all materials should be carefully chosen to allow operation in cryogenic conditions. In addition, electric fields in liquid argon should be kept below a threshold to reduce risks of discharges. The combination of all above requirements represents significant challenges from the design and manufacturing perspective. In this paper, we report on the successful operation of a feedthrough satisfying all the above requirements. The details of the feedthrough design and its manufacturing steps are provided. Very high voltages up to unprecedented voltages of -300 kV could be applied during long periods repeatedly. A source of instability was observed, which was specific to the setup configuration which was used for the test and not due to the feedthrough itself.

  2. A 300 year history of lead contamination in northern French Alps reconstructed from distant lake sediment records.

    PubMed

    Arnaud, F; Revel-Rolland, M; Bosch, D; Winiarski, T; Desmet, M; Tribovillard, N; Givelet, N

    2004-05-01

    Lead concentrations and isotopic ratios were measured along two well-dated sediment cores from two distant lakes: Anterne (2100 m a.s.l.) and Le Bourget (270 m a.s.l.), submitted to low and high direct human impact and covering the last 250 and 600 years, respectively. The measurement of lead in old sediment samples (>3000 BP) permits, in using mixing-models, the determination of lead concentration, flux and isotopic composition of purely anthropogenic origin. We thus show that since ca. 1800 AD the regional increase in lead contamination was mostly driven by coal consumption ((206)Pb/(207)Pb approximately 1.17-1.19; (206)Pb/(204)Pb approximately 18.3-18.6), which peaks around 1915 AD. The increasing usage of leaded gasoline, introduced in the 1920s, was recorded in both lakes by increasing Pb concentrations and decreasing Pb isotope ratios. A peak around 1970 ((206)Pb/(207)Pb approximately 1.13-1.16; (206)Pb/(204)Pb approximately 17.6-18.0) corresponds to the worldwide recorded leaded gasoline maximum of consumption. The 1973 oil crisis is characterised by a drastic drop of lead fluxes in both lakes (from approximately 35 to <20 mg cm(-2) yr(-1)). In the late 1980s, environmental policies made the Lake Anterne flux drop to pre-1900 values (<10 mg cm(-2) yr(-1)) while Lake Le Bourget is always submitted to an important flux (approximately 25 mg cm(-2) yr(-1)). The good match of our distant records, together and with a previously established series in an ice core from Mont Blanc, provides confidence in the use of sediments as archives of lead contamination. The integration of the Mont Blanc ice core results from Rosman et al. with our data highlights, from 1990 onward, a decoupling in lead sources between the high elevation sites (Lake Anterne and Mont Blanc ice core), submitted to a mixture of long-distance and regional contamination and the low elevation site (Lake Le Bourget), where regional contamination is predominant.

  3. Postfire changes in forest carbon storage over a 300-year chronosequence of Pinus contorta-dominated forests

    Treesearch

    Daniel M. Kashian; William H. Romme; Daniel B. Tinker; Monica G. Turner; Michael G. Ryan

    2013-01-01

    A warming climate may increase the frequency and severity of stand-replacing wildfires, reducing carbon (C) storage in forest ecosystems. Understanding the variability of postfire C cycling on heterogeneous landscapes is critical for predicting changes in C storage with more frequent disturbance. We measured C pools and fluxes for 77 lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta...

  4. A 300m-width sinkhole threatens the stability of the embankment of a saltpan in Jordan, Dead Sea Region

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Closson, Damien; Abou Karaki, Najib; Pasquali, Paolo; Riccardi, Paolo

    2013-04-01

    Since the 1980s, the Dead Sea coastal zone is affected by sinkholes. The dynamic of the salt karst system is attested by a drastic increase of collapse events. The energy available for sub-surface erosion (or cavities genesis) is related to the head difference between the water table and the lake level which drop down at an accelerating rate of more than 1 m/yr. In the region of Ghor Al Haditha, Jordan, the size of the craters increased significantly during the last decade. Up to now, the greatest compound structure observed (association of metric subsidence, decametric sinkholes, and landslides) was about 150-200 m in diameter. End of December 2012, a single circular structure having 250-300 m in diameter was identified within a 10 km x 1.5 km saltpan of the Arab Potash Company. This finding raises questions regarding the origin of the underlying cavity and the capability of prediction of all models developed up to now in Israel and Jordan regarding the Dead Sea sinkholes. The analysis of satellite images of the past shows that the appearance of this unique depression is very recent (probably less than 5 years). Cosmo-SkyMed radar images have been processed to map the associated deformation field. Ground motions attest that the overall diameter could be around 600 m. Currently, this sinkhole is threatening the stability of more than one kilometer of a 12 km long dike holding 90 million m3 of Dead Sea brine. This case study underlines the great fragility of the Dead Sea salt karst and demonstrates the need for the setting up of an early warning system.

  5. A 300,000-mol-wt intermediate filament-associated protein in baby hamster kidney (BHK-21) cells.

    PubMed

    Yang, H Y; Lieska, N; Goldman, A E; Goldman, R D

    1985-02-01

    Native intermediate filament (IF) preparations from the baby hamster kidney fibroblastic cell line (BHK-21) contain a number of minor polypeptides in addition to the IF structural subunit proteins desmin, a 54,000-mol-wt protein, and vimentin, a 55,000-mol-wt protein. A monoclonal antibody was produced that reached exclusively with a high molecular weight (300,000) protein representative of these minor proteins. Immunological methods and comparative peptide mapping techniques demonstrated that the 300,000-mol-wt species was biochemically distinct from the 54,000- and 55,000-mol-wt proteins. Double-label immunofluorescence observations on spread BHK cells using this monoclonal antibody and a rabbit polyclonal antibody directed against the 54,000- and 55,000-mol-wt proteins showed that the 300,000-mol-wt species co-distributed with IF in a fibrous pattern. In cells treated with colchicine or those in the early stages of spreading, double-labeling with these antibodies revealed the co-existence of the respective antigens in the juxtanuclear cap of IF that is characteristic of cells in these physiological states. After colchicine removal, or in the late stages of cell spreading, the 300,00-mol-wt species and the IF subunits redistributed to their normal, highly coincident cytoplasmic patterns. Ultrastructural localization by the immunogold technique using the monoclonal antibody supported the light microscopic findings in that the 300,000-mol-wt species was associated with IF in the several physiological and morphological cell states investigated. The gold particle pattern was less intimately associated with IF than that defined by anti-54/55 and was one of non-uniform distribution along IF, being clustered primarily at points of proximity between IF, where an amorphous, proteinaceous material was often the labeled element. Occasionally, "bridges" of label were seen extending outward from such clusters on IF. Gold particles were infrequently bound to microtubules, microfilaments, or other cellular organelles, and when so, IF were usually contiguous. During multiple cycles of in vitro disassembly/assembly of the IF from native preparations, the 300,000-mol-wt protein remained in the fraction containing the 54,000- and 55,000-mol-wt structural subunits, whether the latter were in the soluble state or pelleted as formed filaments. In keeping with the nomenclature developed for the microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs), the acronym IFAP-300K (intermediate filament associated protein) is proposed for this molecule.

  6. A Wide-Band High-Gain Compact SIS Receiver Utilizing a 300-μW SiGe IF LNA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Montazeri, Shirin; Grimes, Paul K.; Tong, Cheuk-Yu Edward; Bardin, Joseph C.

    2017-06-01

    Low-power low-noise amplifiers integrated with superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) mixers are required to enable implementation of large-scale focal plane arrays. In this work, a 220-GHz SIS mixer has been integrated with a high-gain broad-band low-power IF amplifier into a compact receiver module. The low noise amplifier (LNA) was specifically designed to match to the SIS output impedance and contributes less than 7 K to the system noise temperature over the 4-8 GHz IF frequency range. A receiver noise temperature of 30-45 K was measured for a local oscillator frequency of 220 GHz over an IF spanning 4-8 GHz. The LNA power dissipation was only 300-μW. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the lowest power consumption reported for a high-gain wide-band LNA directly integrated with an SIS mixer.

  7. A 300MHz Embedded Flash Memory with Pipeline Architecture and Offset-Free Sense Amplifiers for Dual-Core Automotive Microcontrollers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kajiyama, Shinya; Fujito, Masamichi; Kasai, Hideo; Mizuno, Makoto; Yamaguchi, Takanori; Shinagawa, Yutaka

    A novel 300MHz embedded flash memory for dual-core microcontrollers with a shared ROM architecture is proposed. One of its features is a three-stage pipeline read operation, which enables reduced access pitch and therefore reduces performance penalty due to conflict of shared ROM accesses. Another feature is a highly sensitive sense amplifier that achieves efficient pipeline operation with two-cycle latency one-cycle pitch as a result of a shortened sense time of 0.63ns. The combination of the pipeline architecture and proposed sense amplifiers significantly reduces access-conflict penalties with shared ROM and enhances performance of 32-bit RISC dual-core microcontrollers by 30%.

  8. Development of a 300°C 3C Fiber Optic Downhole Seismic Receiver Array for Surveying and Monitoring of Geothermal Reservoirs

    SciTech Connect

    Paulsson, Bjorn N.P.

    2016-06-29

    To address the critical site characterization and monitoring needs for Enhance Geothermal Systems (EGS) programs, US Department of Energy (DOE) awarded Paulsson, Inc. in 2011 a contract to design, build and test a high temperature fiber optic based ultra-large bandwidth clamped borehole seismic vector array capable of deploying a large number of 3C sensor pods suitable for deployment into high temperature and high pressure boreholes. Paulsson, Inc. has completed a design or a unique borehole seismic system consisting of a novel drill pipe based deployment system that includes a hydraulic clamping mechanism for the sensor pods, a new sensor podmore » design and most important – a unique fiber optic seismic vector sensor with technical specifications and capabilities that far exceed the state of the art seismic sensor technologies. These novel technologies were all applied to the new borehole seismic system. In combination these technologies will allow for the deployment of up to 1,000 3C sensor pods in vertical, deviated or horizontal wells. Laboratory tests of the fiber optic seismic vector sensors developed during this project have shown that the new borehole seismic sensor technology is capable of generating outstanding high vector fidelity data with extremely large bandwidth: 0.01 – 6,000 Hz. Field tests have shown that the system can record events at magnitudes much smaller than M-4.0 at frequencies over 2,000 Hz. The sensors have also proved to be about 100 times more sensitive than the regular coil geophones that are used in borehole seismic systems today. The fiber optic seismic sensors have furthermore been qualified to operate at temperatures over 300°C (572°F). The data telemetry fibers used for the seismic vector sensors in the system are also used to simultaneously record Distributed Temperature Sensor (DTS) and Distributed Acoustic Sensor (DAS) data allowing additional value added data to be recorded simultaneously with the seismic vector sensor data.« less

  9. A 300-mV 220-nW event-driven ADC with real-time QRS detection for wearable ECG sensors.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Xiaoyang; Lian, Yong

    2014-12-01

    This paper presents an ultra-low-power event-driven analog-to-digital converter (ADC) with real-time QRS detection for wearable electrocardiogram (ECG) sensors in wireless body sensor network (WBSN) applications. Two QRS detection algorithms, pulse-triggered (PUT) and time-assisted PUT (t-PUT), are proposed based on the level-crossing events generated from the ADC. The PUT detector achieves 97.63% sensitivity and 97.33% positive prediction in simulation on the MIT-BIH Arrhythmia Database. The t-PUT improves the sensitivity and positive prediction to 97.76% and 98.59% respectively. Fabricated in 0.13 μm CMOS technology, the ADC with QRS detector consumes only 220 nW measured under 300 mV power supply, making it the first nanoWatt compact analog-to-information (A2I) converter with embedded QRS detector.

  10. 76 FR 64798 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-103, B4-203, and B4-2C Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-19

    ... condition as: One operator reported a failure of the MLG [main landing gear] retraction actuator sliding rod.... The MCAI states: One operator reported a failure of the MLG [main landing gear] retraction actuator..., December 10, 2007)] to require repetitive inspections of the retraction actuator sliding rod as installed...

  11. 75 FR 7942 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310-203, -221, -222 Airplanes; and Model A300 F4-605R and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-23

    ... gear retraction. * * * * * The unsafe condition is potential loss of control of the airplane during... when the speed of the aeroplane is greater than 100 knots and until landing gear retraction. To prevent... greater than 100 knots and until landing gear retraction. To prevent further incidents of inadvertent...

  12. Ex vivo evaluation of safety and efficacy of vaporization of the prostate using a 300 W high-power laser diode with the wavelength of 980 nm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takada, Junya; Honda, Norihiro; Hazama, Hisanao; Awazu, Kunio

    2014-03-01

    Laser vaporization of the prostate is one of the promising technique for less-invasive treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. However, shorter operative duration and higher hemostatic ability are expected. The wavelength of 980 nm offers a high simultaneous absorption by water and hemoglobin, so that it combines the efficient vaporization with good hemostasis. Therefore, we have evaluated the safety and efficacy of vaporization of the prostate using a recently developed 300 W high-power laser diode with the wavelength of 980 nm. First, validity of bovine prostate tissue as the sample was confirmed by measuring the optical properties of bovine and human prostate tissue using a double integrating sphere optical system. Next, contact and non-contact ex vivo irradiations were performed for various irradiation powers and times, and vaporized and coagulated depths were measured. In the contact irradiation, the vaporized depth at the power of 300 W was significantly deeper than that at the power of 100 W, while the difference was relatively smaller for the coagulated depths at 300 and 100 W. In the non-contact irradiation, coagulation as thick as that in the contact irradiation was observed almost without vaporization. Therefore, it is suggested that the treatment in the contact irradiation using the high-power laser diode can vaporize the prostate more efficiently without increasing the risk of perforation. Hemostasis with the coagulation would be possible in both irradiation methods. To prevent the postoperative perforation, operators need to understand the relationship between the coagulated depth and the irradiation conditions.

  13. Velocity- and pointing-error measurements of a 300 000-r/min self-bearing permanent-magnet motor for optical applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Breitkopf, Sven; Lilienfein, Nikolai; Achtnich, Timon; Zwyssig, Christof; Tünnermann, Andreas; Pupeza, Ioachim; Limpert, Jens

    2018-06-01

    Compact, ultra-high-speed self-bearing permanent-magnet motors enable a wide scope of applications including an increasing number of optical ones. For implementation in an optical setup, the rotors have to satisfy high demands regarding their velocity and pointing errors. Only a restricted number of measurements of these parameters exist and only at relatively low velocities. This manuscript presents the measurement of the velocity and pointing errors at rotation frequencies up to 5 kHz. The acquired data allow us to identify the rotor drive as the main source of velocity variations with fast fluctuations of up to 3.4 ns (RMS) and slow drifts of 23 ns (RMS) over ˜120 revolutions at 5 kHz in vacuum. At the same rotation frequency, the pointing fluctuated by 12 μrad (RMS) and 33 μrad (peak-to-peak) over ˜10 000 round trips. To our best knowledge, this states the first measurement of velocity and pointing errors at multi-kHz rotation frequencies and will allow potential adopters to evaluate the feasibility of such rotor drives for their application.

  14. 76 FR 5507 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-601, B4-603, B4-605R, C4-605R Variant F, and F4...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-01

    ...-80C2 forward engine mounts (skinny cast yoke) does not meet the Design Service Goal (DSG) requirements... forward engine mount. * * * * * The unsafe condition is possible separation of the engine from the engine... that, among the types of yokes in service, one component on the CF6-80C2 forward engine mounts (skinny...

  15. 75 FR 74610 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B2-1C, B2K-3C, B2-203, B4-2C, B4-103, and B4-203...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-01

    ...] attachment fitting lower flanges, DGAC [Direction G[eacute]n[eacute]rale de l'Aviation Civile] France AD 2003... [right-hand] and LH [left-hand] attachment fitting lower flanges, DGAC [Direction G[eacute]n[eacute]rale...-57A6101. This AD is revised to introduce an optional terminating action which consists of spot-facing the...

  16. 76 FR 24356 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B4-601, B4-603, B4-605R, C4-605R Variant F, and F4...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-02

    ... specified products. The MCAI states: Airbus, in the frame of the Extended Service Goal (ESG) exercise, has...) states: Airbus, in the frame of the Extended Service Goal (ESG) exercise, has demonstrated by post... aviation product. The MCAI describes the unsafe condition as: Airbus, in the frame of the Extended Service...

  17. 75 FR 23572 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B2-1C, B2-203, B2K-3C, B4-103, B4-203, B4-2C...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-04

    ... cycles 6,700 flight 80A3 or Pratt & Whitney engines. flight cycles \\1\\. flight cycles or \\2\\. cycles or...-200 airplanes with GE CF6- 18,000 total 19,500 total 250 flight cycles 5,800 flight 80C2 engines... flight cycles 6,700 flight Pratt & Whitney JT9D engines. flight cycles \\1\\. flight cycles or \\2\\. cycles...

  18. 75 FR 16657 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300 B2-1C, B2K-3C, B2-203, B4-2C, B4-103, and B4-203...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-02

    ... phasing inspections and magnetic plug inspections for metal particles on the drain plug using detailed... inspections and magnetic plug inspections for metal particles on the drain plug using detailed inspection..., but the magnetic plug inspection reveals metal particles with dimensions greater than 1.5 mm (0.059 in...

  19. 78 FR 42038 - Privacy Act New System of Records

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-15

    ... A300, Room A326, 1401 Constitution Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20230, 202-482-3258. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Brenda Dolan, U.S. Department of Commerce, Suite A300, Room A326, 1401 Constitution Ave...

  20. 77 FR 26937 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-08

    ... Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of...) for certain Airbus Model A300 B2-1C, B2K-3C, B2-203, B4-2C, B4-103, and B4-203 airplanes; and Model... Airbus Service Bulletins (SB) A300-57-0235 and A300-57-6088 * * *. Subsequently, new cases of cracks were...

  1. 77 FR 55105 - Aging Airplane Program: Widespread Fatigue Damage; Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-07

    ... final rule published November 15, 2010. The final rule required design approval holders of certain... compliance dates of Sec. Sec. 26.21, 121.1115, and 129.115 for Airbus A310 and A300-600 series airplanes... A300 B4-203 30 34,000 FC A300-600 Series 60 30,000 FC/67,500 FH A310-200 Series 60 40,000 FC/60,000 FH...

  2. 77 FR 51717 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-27

    ... Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of... applies to certain Airbus Model A300 B4-2C, B4-103, and B4- 203 airplanes; and Model A300 B4-601, B4-603... information identified in this proposed AD, contact Airbus SAS--EAW (Airworthiness Office), 1 Rond Point...

  3. 78 FR 32345 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-30

    ... Directives; Airbus Airplanes AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for all Airbus Model A300... FedEx requested that copies of Airbus Service Bulletin A300-53- 6170, dated May 16, 2011, be provided...

  4. 76 FR 61555 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-05

    ... pieces unit welded, instead of 4 pieces unit with 3 welds (old design) as pictured in Appendix 1 of this... pre-modification 02447. Blue and Green. A300 airplanes post-modification 02447 Blue. A300-600 airplanes Blue. A310 airplanes Green. Table 2--Applicable Service Information Airbus Mandatory Service...

  5. 14 CFR 91.1505 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... A300 (excluding the -600 series), the flight cycle implementation time is: (i) Model B2: 36,000 flights... operate an Airbus Model A300 (excluding the -600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model... Lockheed Model L-1011 airplane beyond applicable flight cycle implementation time specified below, or May...

  6. Laser Intensity Scaling Through Stimulated Scattering in Optical Fibers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-12-17

    Stokes beams transmitted through a 300 m multimode fiber. ..................................127 Figure 58: Circles (squares) indicate the measured size...circles) and first order Stokes (squares) beams at the fiber facet. (b,c) Pump (left) and Stokes (right) intensity distributions for a 300 m and...75 m fiber respectively. .......................................................................................130 Figure 61: Double clad fiber

  7. 77 FR 66772 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-07

    ..., which are referenced in the A300, A310 and A300-600 Airworthiness Limitations Section (ALS) Part 2..., September 26, 2007)), revise the Airworthiness Limitations Section (ALS) of the Instructions for Continued... April 2006. (n) Retained Revision of the ALS of the ICA This paragraph restates the requirements of...

  8. 14 CFR 125.505 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... operate an Airbus Model A300 (exlcuding the -600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model...,000 flights below the window line. (2) For all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the flight...

  9. 14 CFR 121.1107 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Airbus Model A300 (excluding the -600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model 707, 720...,000 flights below the window line. (2) For all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the flight...

  10. 14 CFR 129.107 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Model A300 (excluding −600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model 707, 720, 727, 737... all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the flight cycle implementation time is 60,000 flights...

  11. 14 CFR 125.505 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... operate an Airbus Model A300 (exlcuding the -600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model...,000 flights below the window line. (2) For all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the flight...

  12. 14 CFR 129.107 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Model A300 (excluding −600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model 707, 720, 727, 737... all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the flight cycle implementation time is 60,000 flights...

  13. 14 CFR 129.107 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Model A300 (excluding −600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model 707, 720, 727, 737... all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the flight cycle implementation time is 60,000 flights...

  14. 14 CFR 91.1505 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... operate an Airbus Model A300 (excluding the -600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model... below the window line. (2) For all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the flight cycle...

  15. 14 CFR 91.1505 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... operate an Airbus Model A300 (excluding the -600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model... below the window line. (2) For all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the flight cycle...

  16. 14 CFR 125.505 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... operate an Airbus Model A300 (exlcuding the -600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model...,000 flights below the window line. (2) For all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the flight...

  17. 14 CFR 121.1107 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Airbus Model A300 (excluding the -600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model 707, 720...,000 flights below the window line. (2) For all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the flight...

  18. 14 CFR 121.1107 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Airbus Model A300 (excluding the -600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model 707, 720...,000 flights below the window line. (2) For all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the flight...

  19. 14 CFR 129.107 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Model A300 (excluding −600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model 707, 720, 727, 737... all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the flight cycle implementation time is 60,000 flights...

  20. 14 CFR 91.1505 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... operate an Airbus Model A300 (excluding the -600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model... below the window line. (2) For all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the flight cycle...

  1. 14 CFR 121.1107 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Airbus Model A300 (excluding the -600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model 707, 720...,000 flights below the window line. (2) For all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the flight...

  2. 14 CFR 125.505 - Repairs assessment for pressurized fuselages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... operate an Airbus Model A300 (exlcuding the -600 series), British Aerospace Model BAC 1-11, Boeing Model...,000 flights below the window line. (2) For all models of the British Aerospace BAC 1-11, the flight...

  3. 77 FR 60723 - Notice of Lodging of Proposed Consent Decree Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-04

    ... Remediation, LLC (``Defendants''), under Nevada Water Pollution Control Law, NRS Sec. 445A.300 to 445A.730... of Redband Trout between the Owyhee River and upper Mill Creek; reclamation of soil and re-vegetation...

  4. 40 CFR 35.6015 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., repair, remodeling, improvement, or extension of buildings, structures or other property. Contract. A... 300. Operable unit. A discrete action, as described in the Cooperative Agreement or Superfund State...). Real property. Land, including land improvements, structures, and appurtenances thereto, excluding...

  5. 40 CFR 35.6015 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ..., repair, remodeling, improvement, or extension of buildings, structures or other property. Contract. A... 300. Operable unit. A discrete action, as described in the Cooperative Agreement or Superfund State...). Real property. Land, including land improvements, structures, and appurtenances thereto, excluding...

  6. 77 FR 75833 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-26

    ... accordance with Airbus SB A300-57-6053 (Mod. 10453). Therefore and pending completion of the full analysis using a refined Finite Element Model, EASA [European Aviation Safety Agency] issued AD 2009-0094 [which...

  7. 76 FR 79672 - Chitina Electric Inc.; Notice of Declaration of Intention and Soliciting Comments, Protests, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-22

    ..., protests, and/or motions filed. k. Description of Project: The proposed run-of-river Fivemile Creek...-foot-long powerhouse, containing a 300-kW pelton wheel turbine and electrical generating equipment; (3...

  8. The interfaces between flightcrews and modern flight deck systems

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    1996-06-18

    On April 26, 1994, an Airbus A300-600 operated by China Airlines crashed at Nagoya, Japan, killing 264 passengers and flightcrew members. Contributing to the accident were conflicting actions taken by the flightcrew and the airplane's autopilot. The ...

  9. 75 FR 6849 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310-221, -222, -322, -324, and -325 Airplanes, and Model...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-12

    ... Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A310-221, -222, -322, - 324, and -325 Airplanes, and Model A300 B4-620... applies to Airbus Model A310-221, -222, -322, -324, and -325 airplanes, and Model A300 B4-620, B4-622, B4... Model A310-221, - 222, -322, -324, and -325 airplanes), both including Appendix 1, both dated October 3...

  10. High-voltage terminal test of a test stand for a 1-MV electrostatic accelerator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Park, Sae-Hoon; Kim, Yu-Seok

    2015-10-01

    The Korea Multipurpose Accelerator Complex has been developing a 300-kV test stand for a 1-MV electrostatic accelerator ion source. The ion source and accelerating tube will be installed in a high-pressure vessel. The ion source in the high-pressure vessel is required to have a high reliability. The test stand has been proposed and developed to confirm the stable operating conditions of the ion source. The ion source will be tested at the test stand to verify the long-time operating conditions. The test stand comprises a 300-kV high-voltage terminal, a battery for the ion-source power, a 60-Hz inverter, 200-MHz radio-frequency power supply, a 5-kV extraction power supply, a 300-kV accelerating tube, and a vacuum system. The results of the 300-kV high-voltage terminal tests are presented in this paper.

  11. 78 FR 79333 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-30

    ...We propose to supersede airworthiness directive (AD) 2000-12- 12, for certain Airbus Model A300, A300-600, and A310 series airplanes. AD 2000-12-12 currently requires inspecting to detect cracks in the lower spar axis of the nacelle pylon between ribs 9 and 10, and repair if necessary. AD 2000-12-12 also provides for optional modification of the pylon, which terminates the inspections for Model A300 series airplanes. Since we issued AD 2000-12-12, we have received reports of cracking of the lower pylon spar after accomplishing the existing modification and have determined that shorter initial and repetitive inspection compliance times are necessary to address the identified unsafe condition. This proposed AD would reduce the initial and repetitive inspection compliance times. We are proposing this AD to detect and correct fatigue cracking, which could result in reduced structural integrity of the lower spar of the nacelle pylon.

  12. Evaluation of Advanced Microwave Landing System Procedures in the New York Terminal Area

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-03-01

    sector controller called the CAMRN sector who must then sequence that traffic with multiple feeders from the south before handing off to the final...Right (13R) were all being used by landing traffic, the final controller handled the runway 22 arrivals and the CAMRN controller handled the runway 13R...Feeder Fix AAL678 DC10 H 00:09:00 AAL68 B767 H 00:23:00 AAL588 A300 H 00:27:00 PAA224 A300 H 01:20:00 4/ TWAll L101 H 01:34:00 CAMRN Feeder Fix DAL144

  13. A Potential Pitfall in the Use of the Monorail System for Carotid Stenting

    PubMed Central

    Pereira, E.; Birnbaum, L.

    2006-01-01

    Summary The use of EPDs seems to be necessary for safe CAS. Though the monorail system may offer advantages for a single operator, we caution its use with certain aortic arch anatomies. In such anatomies, using an OTW system or at least a 300 cm filter wire or devices that support wire extension will remedy some complications, such as the loss of the guiding sheath. As in our case, the added advantage of a 300 cm filter wire enabled us to avoid a poor outcome or an emergency vascular surgery. PMID:20569594

  14. A potential pitfall in the use of the monorail system for carotid stenting. A technical case report.

    PubMed

    Pereira, E; Birnbaum, L

    2006-12-15

    The use of EPDs seems to be necessary for safe CAS. Though the monorail system may offer advantages for a single operator, we caution its use with certain aortic arch anatomies. In such anatomies, using an OTW system or at least a 300 cm filter wire or devices that support wire extension will remedy some complications, such as the loss of the guiding sheath. As in our case, the added advantage of a 300 cm filter wire enabled us to avoid a poor outcome or an emergency vascular surgery.

  15. [Study of the strength of compacts of mixed dry binders consisting of powdered cellulose and directly compressible lactose].

    PubMed

    Muzíková, J; Hájková, P; Vinklarová, S

    2004-07-01

    The paper studied the strength of compacts of dry binders consisting of powdered cellulose and directly compressible lactose. The powdered cellulose employed was Arbocel A300, the directly compressible lactose, Pharmatosa DCL 21. The first step of the evaluation comprised the tensile strength of compacts and sensitivity of dry binders alone to an addition of magnesium stearate. The same method of evaluation was then used for mixed dry binders from Arbocel A300 and Pharmatosa DCL 21 in ratios of 3:1, 1:1 and 1:3. The tested concentrations of magnesium stearate were 0.4 and 0.8%. Sensitivity of dry binders to an addition of the lubricant was evaluated by means of lubricant sensitivity ratio (LSR) values. The compacts with the highest strength and at the same time the lowest sensitivity to an addition of magnesium stearate were produced using a mixture of Arbocel A300 and Pharmatosa DCL 21 in a ratio of 1:3. The evaluation also included the commercially produced mixed dry binder Cellactosa 80, in which higher sensitivity to an addition of stearate than in a mixture of Arbocel A300 and Pharmatosa DCL 21 in a ratio of 1:3 was found.

  16. Supra-Canonical Initial 26Al/27Al Indicate a 105 Year Residence Time for CAIs in the Solar Proto-Planetary Disk

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Young, E. D.; Simon, J. I.; Galy, A.; Russell, S. S.; Tonui, E. K.; Lovera, O.

    2005-03-01

    We present new UV laser ablation and acid digestion MC-ICPMS analyses of 8 CAIs showing that there was more 26Al in the early solar system than previously thought, and that the canonical initial 26Al/27Al represents a ~300,000 yr residence time for CAIs in the protoplanetary disk.

  17. Services that Span the Autism Spectrum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Secan, Kristin E.; Mason, Gwendolyn

    2013-01-01

    In 1980, Andrew Egel, then a young professor of special education at the University of Maryland, was elated to hear he had received a $300,000 grant from the National Institutes of Health to fund a model program in the public schools for children with autism. Reluctant at first, the Montgomery County Public Schools (MCPS) agreed to work with Egel…

  18. Farm Laboratory Aids Post-Secondary Instruction in Agricultural Production

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Statler, Larry L.; Juhl, R. J.

    1970-01-01

    Reports a farm laboratory of 1500 swine, 40 beef cattle, 52 sheep, a 300-crop acres, and a full line of leased new farm machinery for post-secondary agricultural production students. A student board of directors manages the demonstration farm. (DM)

  19. 15 CFR 8a.220 - Admissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... vocational education, professional education, graduate higher education, and public institutions of undergraduate higher education. (e) Public institutions of undergraduate higher education. §§ 8a.300 through 8a.310 do not apply to any public institution of undergraduate higher education that traditionally and...

  20. 15 CFR 8a.220 - Admissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... vocational education, professional education, graduate higher education, and public institutions of undergraduate higher education. (e) Public institutions of undergraduate higher education. §§ 8a.300 through 8a.310 do not apply to any public institution of undergraduate higher education that traditionally and...

  1. 15 CFR 8a.220 - Admissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... vocational education, professional education, graduate higher education, and public institutions of undergraduate higher education. (e) Public institutions of undergraduate higher education. §§ 8a.300 through 8a.310 do not apply to any public institution of undergraduate higher education that traditionally and...

  2. 15 CFR 8a.220 - Admissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... vocational education, professional education, graduate higher education, and public institutions of undergraduate higher education. (e) Public institutions of undergraduate higher education. §§ 8a.300 through 8a.310 do not apply to any public institution of undergraduate higher education that traditionally and...

  3. 15 CFR 8a.220 - Admissions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... vocational education, professional education, graduate higher education, and public institutions of undergraduate higher education. (e) Public institutions of undergraduate higher education. §§ 8a.300 through 8a.310 do not apply to any public institution of undergraduate higher education that traditionally and...

  4. 76 FR 62673 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-11

    ...-1066; Directorate Identifier 2011-NM-050-AD] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes...: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD), for certain Airbus Model A300 B2-1C, B2K-3C... Friday, except Federal holidays. For service information identified in this proposed AD, contact Airbus...

  5. 77 FR 11793 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-28

    ...-0185; Directorate Identifier 2011-NM-001-AD] RIN 2120-AA64 Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Airplanes...: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for certain Airbus Model A300 B4-103, B4-203... Friday, except Federal holidays. For service information identified in this proposed AD, contact Airbus...

  6. Counterfeit U.S. Currency Abroad: Issues and U.S. Deterrence Efforts.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-02-01

    Treasury Department and Secret Service officials use counterfeit-detection data from the Secret Service to help assess the extent of counterfeiting. The ... Secret Service has also used these data to demonstrate significant increases in counterfeiting activity abroad, citing a 300-percent rise in detections in fiscal year 1993.

  7. Mechanical Milk: An Essay on the Social History of Infant Formula.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwab, Michael G.

    1996-01-01

    Describes how infant formula became an "icon of modernity" separating mothers from babies and causing health and social problems. Gives a 300-year social history of the rise in popularity of infant formula, covering aspects including the body as machine, rise of science and industrialization, formula and public health, the clean milk…

  8. All Aboard the Internet. E to Go: The Internet in Your Pocket

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Descy, Don E.

    2006-01-01

    Some remember when they accessed the Internet through the telephone on a 300-baud modem. It was slow and it was not easy, but it gave them a view of the world. Now there is the web, idiot-proof email, and practically unlimited wireless connectivity. Having gone from desktop computers to laptops, now a major push is moving connectivity into the…

  9. 33 CFR 165.1712 - Safety Zones; Annual Independence Day Firework Displays, Skagway, Haines, and Wrangell, AK.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Day Firework Displays, Skagway, Haines, and Wrangell, AK. 165.1712 Section 165.1712 Navigation and... Displays, Skagway, Haines, and Wrangell, AK. (a) Regulated areas. The following areas are permanent safety..., Haines, AK within a 300-yard radius around the fireworks launch area, centered at approximate position 59...

  10. 33 CFR 165.1712 - Safety Zones; Annual Independence Day Firework Displays, Skagway, Haines, and Wrangell, AK.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Day Firework Displays, Skagway, Haines, and Wrangell, AK. 165.1712 Section 165.1712 Navigation and... Displays, Skagway, Haines, and Wrangell, AK. (a) Regulated areas. The following areas are permanent safety..., Haines, AK within a 300-yard radius around the fireworks launch area, centered at approximate position 59...

  11. 33 CFR 165.506 - Safety Zones; Fireworks Displays in the Fifth Coast Guard District.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Table to § 165.506 reference Datum NAD 1983. Table to § 165.506 No. Date Location Regulated area (a..., approximately 700 yards south of the waterfront at Southport, NC. 12. July 4th Big Foot Slough, Ocracoke, NC, Safety Zone All waters of Big Foot Slough within a 300 yard radius of the fireworks launch site in...

  12. 76 FR 47235 - Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Stateline Solar...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-04

    ...) application for the Stateline Solar Farm (Stateline), a 300- Megawatt (MW) photovoltaic (PV) Solar electricity... authorization to construct, operate, maintain, and decommission the 300-MW PV Stateline solar energy project...] Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Stateline Solar Farm, San...

  13. Swift fox survey along Heartland Expressway Corridor.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2015-05-01

    The swift fox (Vulpes velox) is a small canid classified as endangered within the : state of Nebraska. Future construction of the Heartland Expressway Corridor (HEC), a : 300 km road expansion project in the panhandle of the state, may impact the res...

  14. Learning Pathways in Environmental Science Education: The Case of Hazardous Household Items

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malandrakis, George N.

    2006-01-01

    The present study draws on environmental science education to explore aspects of children's conceptual change regarding hazardous household items. Twelve children from a fifth-grade class attended a 300-h teaching module of environmentally oriented science activities aimed at assessing their awareness about the environmental and health hazards…

  15. 29 CFR 1910.304 - Wiring design and protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... grounding-type receptacles. (v) Receptacles connected to circuits having different voltages, frequencies, or... poles shall provide a horizontal climbing space not less than the following: (i) Power conductors below communication conductors—762 mm (30 in.); (ii) Power conductors alone or above communication conductors: (A) 300...

  16. 29 CFR 1910.304 - Wiring design and protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... grounding-type receptacles. (v) Receptacles connected to circuits having different voltages, frequencies, or... poles shall provide a horizontal climbing space not less than the following: (i) Power conductors below communication conductors—762 mm (30 in.); (ii) Power conductors alone or above communication conductors: (A) 300...

  17. 29 CFR 1910.304 - Wiring design and protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... grounding-type receptacles. (v) Receptacles connected to circuits having different voltages, frequencies, or... poles shall provide a horizontal climbing space not less than the following: (i) Power conductors below communication conductors—762 mm (30 in.); (ii) Power conductors alone or above communication conductors: (A) 300...

  18. 29 CFR 1910.304 - Wiring design and protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... grounding-type receptacles. (v) Receptacles connected to circuits having different voltages, frequencies, or... poles shall provide a horizontal climbing space not less than the following: (i) Power conductors below communication conductors—762 mm (30 in.); (ii) Power conductors alone or above communication conductors: (A) 300...

  19. 29 CFR 1910.304 - Wiring design and protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... grounding-type receptacles. (v) Receptacles connected to circuits having different voltages, frequencies, or... poles shall provide a horizontal climbing space not less than the following: (i) Power conductors below communication conductors—762 mm (30 in.); (ii) Power conductors alone or above communication conductors: (A) 300...

  20. Suppression of cucumber powdery mildew by UV-B is affected by background light quality

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Brief (5-10 min) exposure to UV-B radiation (280-300 nm) suppressed powdery mildew (Podosphaera xanthii) on Cucumis sativus. The effect was enhanced by red light (600-660 nm), but offset by blue light (420-500 nm) and UV-A (300-420 nm). Compared to untreated controls, 2 h red light from specific lig...

  1. A Model for Teaching Large Classes: Facilitating a "Small Class Feel"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, Rosealie P.; Pappas, Eric

    2017-01-01

    This paper presents a model for teaching large classes that facilitates a "small class feel" to counteract the distance, anonymity, and formality that often characterize large lecture-style courses in higher education. One author (E. P.) has been teaching a 300-student general education critical thinking course for ten years, and the…

  2. 33 CFR 110.77 - Amistad Reservoir, Tex.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Amistad Reservoir, Tex. 110.77... ANCHORAGE REGULATIONS Special Anchorage Areas § 110.77 Amistad Reservoir, Tex. (a) Diablo East, Tex. That portion of the Amistad Reservoir enclosed by a line connecting the following points, excluding a 300-foot...

  3. Evolution in the Classroom: What Teachers Need to Know about the Video Game Generation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simpson, Elizabeth S.

    2005-01-01

    Research driving the mandates of the current education reform law, No Child Left Behind, indicates a 300% increase during the last 10 years in students being labeled with specific learning disabilities. In addition there has been a dramatic increase in the number of minority students labeled as having learning and emotional disabilities (U.S.…

  4. The Archean crust in the Wawa-Chapleau-Timmins region. A field guidebook prepared for the 1983 Archean Geochemistry-Early Crustal Genesis Field Conference

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Percival, J. A.; Card, K. D.; Sage, R. P.; Jensen, L. S.; Luhta, L. E.

    1983-01-01

    This guidebook describes the characteristics and interrelationships of Archean greenstone-granite and high-grade gneiss terrains of the Superior Province. A 300-km long west to east transect between Wawa and Timmins, Ontario will be used to illustrate regional-scale relationships. The major geological features of the Superior Province are described.

  5. 78 FR 41285 - Airworthiness Directives; Pilatus Aircraft Ltd. Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-10

    ... manual). The limitations were revised to include an emergency fuel control system adjustment test. We are... a 300 Flight Hour (FH) hour inspection on the Emergency Fuel Control System (FCS). For the reason...., maintenance manual). The limitations were revised to include an emergency fuel control system adjustment test...

  6. The invasion of southern forests by nonnative plants: current and future occupation, with impacts, management strategies, and mitigation approaches

    Treesearch

    James H. Miller; Dawn Lemke; John Coulston

    2013-01-01

    Key FindingsInvasive plants continue to escape into and spread through southern forests to eventually form exclusive infestations, and replace native communities to the detriment of forest productivity, biodiversity, ecosystem services, and human use potential.Over a 300-year period, invasive plants have been increasingly...

  7. Effects of Palagonitic Dust Coatings on Thermal Emission Spectra of Rocks and Minerals: Implications for Mineralogical Characterization of the Martian Surface by MGS-TES

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Graff, T. G.; Morris, R.; Christensen, P.

    2001-01-01

    Thermal emission measurements on dust-coated rocks and minerals show that a 300 5m thick layer is required to mask emission from the substrate and that non-linear effects are present. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.

  8. Effects of Palagonitic Dust Coatings on Visible, Near-IR, and Mossbauer Spectra of Rocks and Minerals: Implication for Mineralogical Remote Sensing of Mars

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Morris, R.; Graff, T. G.; Shelfer, T. D.; Bell, J. F., III

    2001-01-01

    Visible, near-IR, and Mossbauer measurements on dust coated rocks and minerals show that a 300 5m thick layer is required to obscure the substrate for VNIR measurements and that a greater than 2000-micron-thick layer is required to obscure the substrate for Mossbauer measurements. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.

  9. 50 CFR 300.63 - Catch sharing plan and domestic management measures in Area 2A.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... fisheries in Area 2A: (i) The sport fishery under section 26 of the annual domestic management measures and... management measures and IPHC regulations. (2) No person shall fish for halibut in the sport fishery in Area... management measures in Area 2A. 300.63 Section 300.63 Wildlife and Fisheries INTERNATIONAL FISHING AND...

  10. 50 CFR 300.63 - Catch sharing plan and domestic management measures in Area 2A.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... fisheries in Area 2A: (i) The sport fishery under section 26 of the annual domestic management measures and... management measures and IPHC regulations. (2) No person shall fish for halibut in the sport fishery in Area... management measures in Area 2A. 300.63 Section 300.63 Wildlife and Fisheries INTERNATIONAL FISHING AND...

  11. 50 CFR 300.63 - Catch sharing plan and domestic management measures in Area 2A.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... fisheries in Area 2A: (i) The sport fishery under section 26 of the annual domestic management measures and... management measures and IPHC regulations. (2) No person shall fish for halibut in the sport fishery in Area... management measures in Area 2A. 300.63 Section 300.63 Wildlife and Fisheries INTERNATIONAL FISHING AND...

  12. 300-Watt Power Source Development at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Valdez, Thomas I.

    2005-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation reviews the JPL program to develop a 300 Watt direct methanol fuel cell. The immediate use of the fuel cell is to power test instrumentation on armored vehicles. It reviews the challenges, the system design and the system demonstration.

  13. STUDY OF BUS TRANSPORTATION FOR RELIEF OF OVERCROWDEDNESS IN THE ST. LOUIS SCHOOLS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saint Louis Board of Education, MO.

    PRESENTED IS A REPORT ON WHAT ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI, AND 15 OTHER CITIES HAVING MORE THAN A 300,000 POPULATION ARE DOING WITH RESPECT TO THE USE OF BUS TRANSPORTATION IN RELIEVING OVERCROWDEDNESS RELATIVE TO THE PROCESS OF DESEGREGATION AND INTEGRATION OF THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS. THE REPORT CONTAINS FOUR SECTIONS--(1) BRIEF OVERVIEW OF THE PROBLEM OF BUS…

  14. 47 CFR 87.479 - Harmful interference to radionavigation land stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... to establish wide-band systems using frequency-hopping spread spectrum techniques in the 960-1215 MHz... spectrum uniformly across the band; (2) The radiated pulse varies from the specified width of 6.4... peak of the JTIDS spectrum as measured in a 300 kHz bandwidth. The JTIDS will be prohibited from...

  15. 47 CFR 87.479 - Harmful interference to radionavigation land stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... to establish wide-band systems using frequency-hopping spread spectrum techniques in the 960-1215 MHz... spectrum uniformly across the band; (2) The radiated pulse varies from the specified width of 6.4... peak of the JTIDS spectrum as measured in a 300 kHz bandwidth. The JTIDS will be prohibited from...

  16. 47 CFR 87.479 - Harmful interference to radionavigation land stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... to establish wide-band systems using frequency-hopping spread spectrum techniques in the 960-1215 MHz... spectrum uniformly across the band; (2) The radiated pulse varies from the specified width of 6.4... peak of the JTIDS spectrum as measured in a 300 kHz bandwidth. The JTIDS will be prohibited from...

  17. UKRAINIAN MULTI-FUEL REBURN DEMO

    EPA Science Inventory

    This research demonstrates a multi-fuel reburning system to allow the use of natural gas, fuel oil, or pulverized coal as the reburn fuel on a 300 MW wall-fired, we-bottom boiler in the Ukraine. The ability to use more than one fuel is critical to the success of reburning as a N...

  18. Exploring Symbolic Competence: Constructing Meaning(s) and Stretching Cultural Imagination in an Intermediate College-Level French Class

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Étienne, Corinne; Vanbaelen, Sylvie

    2017-01-01

    This study, conducted in a 300-level college French class with 15 students, builds on previous research on symbolic competence (Kramsch, 2009, 2011). Using a film scene and a "Semiotic Gap Activity," we examine how students construct meaning. What do students prioritize? What do they bring from their past symbolic representations? Are…

  19. 78 FR 71639 - Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians' Proposed 534-Acre...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-29

    ... Action also includes the development of a 300-room hotel, casino, restaurants, retail establishments, a... addressed within the FEIS included land resources, water resources, air quality, biological resources..., Chief of the Division of Environmental, Cultural Resources Management and Safety, at the address listed...

  20. Nuclear reactor power as applied to a space-based radar mission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jaffe, L.; Beatty, R.; Bhandari, P.; Chow, E.; Deininger, W.; Ewell, R.; Fujita, T.; Grossman, M.; Bloomfield, H.; Heller, J.

    1988-01-01

    A space-based radar mission and spacecraft are examined to determine system requirements for a 300 kWe space nuclear reactor power system. The spacecraft configuration and its orbit, launch vehicle, and propulsion are described. Mission profiles are addressed, and storage in assembly orbit is considered. Dynamics and attitude control and the problems of nuclear and thermal radiation are examined.

  1. The distribution of tree roots in Douglas-fir forests in the Pacific Northwest in relation to depth, space, coarse organic matter and mineral fragments.

    Treesearch

    Constance A. Harrington; Scott M. Holub; Cici Bauer; E. Ashley Steel

    2017-01-01

    This study evaluated relationships between site or tree characteristics and below-ground materials in Douglas-fir forests of the Pacific Northwest. We core-sampled living roots, dead organic matter, and mineral fragments at three soil depths on a 300-sample grid at nine forested sites in western Washington and Oregon resulting in approximately 7200 samples. We explored...

  2. Five Hundred Pages and a Topic of Her Own: Successfully Designing an Advanced Writing Course on 19th Century British Women Novelists

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Amy Criniti

    2009-01-01

    During the fourth year of Amy Phillips' teaching assistantship in the spring semester of 2008, she was asked to teach a 300-level advanced writing course in which she was given the creative freedom to design the syllabus, choose the textbooks, craft all assignments, and organize the course content. However, there was one stipulation: the course,…

  3. Development of Precoat Filtration Technology for Reverse Osmosis Units

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-11-20

    CONTRACT DAAK 70-79-C-0046 0 FINAL REPORT 0 DEVELOPMENT OF PRECOAT FILTRATION TECHNOLOGY FOR REVERSE OSMOSIS UNITS Submitted by: ,i JOHNS - MANVILLE SALES...NTU (Hach). The one square foot vertical leaf filter was set up at the Johns - Manville R&D Center as shown in Figure 1. A 300 gallon feed tank was

  4. Irrigation Comes to Staples

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lund, Duane R.

    1977-01-01

    Describes the case of Staples, Minnesota, where the vocational-technical school bought a 300-acre farm and with the help of a strong advisory committee was instrumental in changing the farming practices in an eight-county area. Emphasis is on the role and activities of the advisory committee; eleven specific contributions are listed. (HD)

  5. 33 CFR 165.T01-0329 - Regulated Navigation Area; Maine Kennebec Bridge Construction and Removal, Kennebec River...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... notice, as well as Broadcast Notice to Mariners and Local Notice to Mariners. (2) Violations of this RNA... Regulated Navigation Area (RNA): All navigable waters, surface to bottom, on the Kennebec River within a 300....11 and 165.13 apply within the RNA. (2) In accordance with the general regulations, entry into or...

  6. 33 CFR 165.T01-1097 - Regulated Navigation Area; Memorial Bridge Construction, Piscataqua River, Portsmouth, NH.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... (RNA): All navigable waters, surface to bottom, on the Piscataqua River within a 300 yard radius of... 33 CFR 165.10, 165.11, and 165.13 apply within the RNA, and in addition: (2) In accordance with the... caution and operate in such a manner as to produce no wake. (4) Vessels must comply with all directions...

  7. 33 CFR 165.T01-1097 - Regulated Navigation Area; Memorial Bridge Construction, Piscataqua River, Portsmouth, NH.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... (RNA): All navigable waters, surface to bottom, on the Piscataqua River within a 300 yard radius of... 33 CFR 165.10, 165.11, and 165.13 apply within the RNA, and in addition: (2) In accordance with the... caution and operate in such a manner as to produce no wake. (4) Vessels must comply with all directions...

  8. Near-Road Mulltipollutant Profiles: Association between Volatile Organic Compounds and a Tracer Gas Surrogate Near a Busy Highway

    EPA Science Inventory

    This research characterizes associations between multiple pollutants in the near-road environment attributed to a roadway line source. It also examines the use of a tracer gas as a surrogate of mobile source pollutants. Air samples were collected in summa canisters along a 300 m ...

  9. Soil nitrogen accretion along a floodplain terrace chronosequence in northwest Alaska: Influence of the nitrogen-fixing shrub Shepherdia Canadensis

    Treesearch

    Charles Rhoades; Dan Binkley; Hlynur Oskarsson; Robert Stottlemyer

    2008-01-01

    Nitrogen enters terrestrial ecosystems through multiple pathways during primary succession. We measured accumulation of total soil nitrogen and changes in inorganic nitrogen (N) pools across a 300-y sequence of river terraces in northwest Alaska and assessed the contribution of the nitrogen-fixing shrub Shepherdia canadensis. Our work compared 5...

  10. Interdisciplinary Teaching of Theatre and Human Rights in Honors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Szasz, Maria

    2017-01-01

    Since spring 2012, the author has taught a 300-level Theatre and Human Rights class in the University of New Mexico Honors College. One of the centerpieces of honors education is careful research and thorough analysis of what is taught and why it is taught. In creating the honors class Theatre and Human Rights, the author explored how she would…

  11. GRAIL Spots Gravity Anomaly

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2012-12-05

    A 300-mile-long linear gravity anomaly on the far side of the moon has been revealed by gravity gradients measured by NASA GRAIL mission. GRAIL data are shown on the left, with red and blue corresponding to stronger gravity gradients.

  12. 17 CFR Appendix A to Part 151 - Spot-Month Position Limits

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Contract Referencedcontract spot- month limit Agricultural Referenced Contracts ICE Futures U.S. Cocoa 1,000 ICE Futures U.S. Coffee C 500 Chicago Board of Trade Corn 600 ICE Futures U.S. Cotton No. 2 300 ICE Futures U.S. FCOJ-A 300 Chicago Mercantile Exchange Class III Milk 1,500 Chicago Mercantile...

  13. Motor Control of Landing from a Jump in Simulated Hypergravity.

    PubMed

    Gambelli, Clément N; Theisen, Daniel; Willems, Patrick A; Schepens, Bénédicte

    2015-01-01

    On Earth, when landing from a counter-movement jump, muscles contract before touchdown to anticipate imminent collision with the ground and place the limbs in a proper position. This study assesses how the control of landing is modified when gravity is increased above 1 g. Hypergravity was simulated in two different ways: (1) by generating centrifugal forces during turns of an aircraft (A300) and (2) by pulling the subject downwards in the laboratory with a Subject Loading System (SLS). Eight subjects were asked to perform counter-movement jumps at 1 g on Earth and at 3 hypergravity levels (1.2, 1.4 and 1.6 g) both in A300 and with SLS. External forces applied to the body, movements of the lower limb segments and muscular activity of 6 lower limb muscles were recorded. Our results show that both in A300 and with SLS, as in 1 g: (1) the anticipation phase is present; (2) during the loading phase (from touchdown until the peak of vertical ground reaction force), lower limb muscles act like a stiff spring, whereas during the second part (from the peak of vertical ground reaction force until the return to the standing position), they act like a compliant spring associated with a damper. (3) With increasing gravity, the preparatory adjustments and the loading phase are modified whereas the second part does not change drastically. (4) The modifications are similar in A300 and with SLS, however the effect of hypergravity is accentuated in A300, probably due to altered sensory inputs. This observation suggests that otolithic information plays an important role in the control of the landing from a jump.

  14. Airbus windshear warning and guidance system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bonafe, J. L.

    1990-01-01

    From its first designed airplane, Airbus considered mandatory a help in the crew's decision-making process to initiate an escape maneuver and help to successfully realize it. All the Airbus airplanes designed since 1975 included an alpha-floor function and a speed reference control law imbedded in the speed reference system (SRS) box for A 300 and FAC and FCC for A 310, A300/600 and the A 320. Alpha-Floor function takes into account the airplane energy situation considering angle of attack and observed longitudinal situation in order to apply immediately the full power without any pilot action. Speed reference managers control airspeed and/or ground speed in order to survive a maximum in shear situation. In order to comply with the new FAA regulation: Aerospatiale and Airbus developed more efficient systems. A comparison between 1975 and a newly developed system is given. It is explained how the new system improves the situation.

  15. Effect of Water Quality and Temperature on the Efficiency of Two Kinds of Hydrophilic Polymers in Soil.

    PubMed

    Dehkordi, Davoud Khodadadi

    2018-06-01

      In this study, evaluation of two-superabsorbent effects, Super-AB-A-300 and Super-AB-A-200 in a sandy soil on the water retention capability and saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) at different water quality and soil temperature were done. The Super-AB-A-200 was less effective in water uptake than Super-AB-A-300. The efficiency of these polymers in water retention was negatively influenced by the water quality and temperature. The efficiency of these polymer treatments in water uptake reduced significantly (P < 0.05) with increasing soil temperature. In the control soil, the Ks stayed nearly constant with increasing soil temperature. As compared to the untreated control, the treated soil demonstrated a significant (P < 0.05) linear increase of Ks with increasing soil temperature. In the control soil, the water holding properties curve did not change with increasing soil temperature.

  16. European Science Notes, Volume 40, Number 5.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-05-01

    microbiology , genetic engineering, and genetic engineering of plants is reviewed. Environmental Sciences -: ") EUROMECH 201-Aplications of the Jchanics...Si"co lo with the research activities at the Lab- Soil Microbiology oratory of Genetics at the University of It is now well documented that a Ghent...spec- tesi , for succeeding in running dedica- tacular observation of SFPM up to four " ted research under incredibly hard Stokes orders in a 300-m

  17. International Space Station Bus Regulation With NASA Glenn Research Center Flywheel Energy Storage System Development Unit

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kascak, Peter E.; Kenny, Barbara H.; Dever, Timothy P.; Santiago, Walter; Jansen, Ralph H.

    2001-01-01

    An experimental flywheel energy storage system is described. This system is being used to develop a flywheel based replacement for the batteries on the International Space Station (ISS). Motor control algorithms which allow the flywheel to interface with a simplified model of the ISS power bus, and function similarly to the existing ISS battery system, are described. Results of controller experimental verification on a 300 W-hr flywheel are presented.

  18. Spatial and temporal distribution of singlet oxygen in Lake Superior.

    PubMed

    Peterson, Britt M; McNally, Ann M; Cory, Rose M; Thoemke, John D; Cotner, James B; McNeill, Kristopher

    2012-07-03

    A multiyear field study was undertaken on Lake Superior to investigate singlet oxygen ((1)O(2)) photoproduction. Specifically, trends within the lake were examined, along with an assessment of whether correlations existed between chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) characteristics and (1)O(2) production rates and quantum yields. Quantum yield values were determined and used to estimate noontime surface (1)O(2) steady-state concentrations ([(1)O(2)](ss)). Samples were subdivided into three categories based on their absorbance properties (a300): riverine, river-impacted, or open lake sites. Using calculated surface [(1)O(2)](ss), photochemical half-lives under continuous summer sunlight were calculated for cimetidine, a pharmaceutical whose reaction with (1)O(2) has been established, to be on the order of hours, days, and a week for the riverine, river-impacted, and open lake waters, respectively. Of the CDOM properties investigated, it was found that dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and a300 were the best parameters for predicting production rates of [(1)O(2)](ss). For example, given the correlations found, one could predict [(1)O(2)](ss) within a factor of 4 using a300 alone. Changes in the quantum efficiency of (1)O(2) production upon dilution of river water samples with lake water samples demonstrated that the CDOM found in the open lake is not simply diluted riverine organic matter. The open lake pool was characterized by low absorption coefficient, low fluorescence, and low DOC, but more highly efficient (1)O(2) production and predominates the Lake Superior system spatially. This study establishes that parameters that reflect the quantity of CDOM (e.g., a300 and DOC) correlate with (1)O(2) production rates, while parameters that characterize the absorbance spectrum (e.g., spectral slope coefficient and E2:E3) correlate with (1)O(2) production quantum yields.

  19. Determination of the Secondary Bjerknes Force in Acoustic Resonators on Ground and in Microgravity Conditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Castro, Luz Angelica; Hoyos, Mauricio

    2016-04-01

    We propose an experimental methodology to determine the secondary Bjerknes force between rigid particles. Measurements done for different particles sizes showed acoustical inter particles interactions. We use and extend the methodology presented in a previous work. The determination of this force will lead us a better understanding of the aggregation process in acoustic resonators. We report in this work, the results of two parabolic flights campaigns performed at the Airbus A300 ZERO-G (Novespace, France).

  20. 14 CFR 129.117 - Flammability reduction means.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... requirements of § 26.33 of this chapter is operational. Table 1 Model—Boeing Model—Airbus 747 Series A318, A319.... Table 2 Model—Boeing Model—Airbus 747 Series A318, A319, A320, A321 Series 737 Series A300, A310 Series... modified to comply with § 26.33(c) of this chapter. Table 3 Model—Boeing Model—Airbus 747 Series A318, A319...

  1. Joint Logistics Commanders Guide for the Management of Multinational Program,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-07-01

    purchase of the A-300 Airbus and the 1977 record-breaking export performance of the French and UK aerospace industries of around $5 billion and $2 billion...DIS. They are the Defense Industrial Security Clearance Office ( DISCO ), the Defense Industrial Security Institute (DISI), and the Office of Industrial...Security International (ISI). Defense Industrial Security Clearance Office ( DISCO ) The Defense Industrial Security Program (DISP) establishes pro

  2. Treating Gulf War Illness with Novel Anti-Inflammatories: A Screening of Botantical Microglia Modulators

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-10-01

    SUBJECT TERMS Gulf War Illness, botanical , anti-inflammatory, biomarker, microglia, improvement, treatment 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17...promising botanical anti-inflammatories for the treatment of Gulf War Illness (GWI). A second, exploratory, aim is to identify biomarkers of GWI...3 different botanical compounds and placebo over a 300 day period. Each participant will also participate in a 30-day baseline period starting the

  3. Acute Traumatic Coagulopathy: Whole Blood Thrombelastography Measures the Tip of the Iceberg

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-01-01

    with the thromboelastography analyser. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis. 2009;20(6):436Y439. 14. Engstrom M , Schott U, Romner B , Reinstrup P. Acidosis impairs...PAGES 7 19a. NAME OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON a. REPORT unclassified b . ABSTRACT unclassified c. THIS PAGE unclassified Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98...and 10KL) of 1- M 2-[morpholino]ethanesulfonic acidYbuffered saline (MBS) to a 300-KL volume sample in the TEG cup (Table 1). MBS was chosen for its

  4. DINS Final Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-10-19

    A optical input from a laser ggw system . The photodetector assembly shall consist of two chips: (1) photodiode chip and (2) preamplifier chip. The...181 4.1 Transienit Gamm ------ - 182 4.2 Therm~al Noise ------------------- 186 2 1 System F’unatioma Diagram -B 2 Bonding...5 2u.0 ed IG o Hl MM The desJign reurnents of the DIM~ Pbto detector System are - The system sball 1eev a 300 nhnowatt, (Min.) 63282 signal from a

  5. The Atmospheric Effects of Soot Resulting From a Nuclear Conflict

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-03-20

    winl break up Into long vertical f-la1ents. This process may significantly change the mean optical properties of the cloud layer .and thus alter the... changes predicted by ICA CC4 foliowing injection of a unifomt soot layer in a 30 . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .t. . . . . 12 4 T~rtu changes predicted...by the EB, followdzx a sprintime (22 Ma•rch) injection of a uniform soot Iin a 300 to 700,i band ....... ............... 14 5 Tmq.r’ature changes

  6. Golden Rays - July 2017 | Solar Research | Solar Research | NREL

    Science.gov Websites

    Operator, First Solar, and NREL tested a 300-MW PV plant to demonstrate that, with proper controls, PV can technique to measure charge-carrier transport in PV materials. Solar Plus: A Holistic Approach to Distribution Solar PV By optimizing how PV interacts with other electricity loads at the household- and grid

  7. 14 CFR 26.35 - Changes to type certificates affecting fuel tank flammability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...—Airbus A318, A319, A320, A321 Series A300, A310 Series A330, A340 Series (d) Design Changes and Service...) Applicability. This section applies to holders and applicants for approvals of the following design changes to any airplane subject to 14 CFR 26.33(a): (1) Any fuel tank designed to be Normally Emptied if the fuel...

  8. 14 CFR 26.35 - Changes to type certificates affecting fuel tank flammability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...—Airbus A318, A319, A320, A321 Series A300, A310 Series A330, A340 Series (d) Design Changes and Service...) Applicability. This section applies to holders and applicants for approvals of the following design changes to any airplane subject to 14 CFR 26.33(a): (1) Any fuel tank designed to be Normally Emptied if the fuel...

  9. 14 CFR 26.35 - Changes to type certificates affecting fuel tank flammability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...—Airbus A318, A319, A320, A321 Series A300, A310 Series A330, A340 Series (d) Design Changes and Service...) Applicability. This section applies to holders and applicants for approvals of the following design changes to any airplane subject to 14 CFR 26.33(a): (1) Any fuel tank designed to be Normally Emptied if the fuel...

  10. 14 CFR 26.35 - Changes to type certificates affecting fuel tank flammability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...—Airbus A318, A319, A320, A321 Series A300, A310 Series A330, A340 Series (d) Design Changes and Service...) Applicability. This section applies to holders and applicants for approvals of the following design changes to any airplane subject to 14 CFR 26.33(a): (1) Any fuel tank designed to be Normally Emptied if the fuel...

  11. 14 CFR 26.35 - Changes to type certificates affecting fuel tank flammability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...—Airbus A318, A319, A320, A321 Series A300, A310 Series A330, A340 Series (d) Design Changes and Service...) Applicability. This section applies to holders and applicants for approvals of the following design changes to any airplane subject to 14 CFR 26.33(a): (1) Any fuel tank designed to be Normally Emptied if the fuel...

  12. 14 CFR 129.117 - Flammability reduction means.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... requirements of § 26.33 of this chapter is operational. Table 1 Model—Boeing Model—Airbus 747 Series A318, A319.... Table 2 Model—Boeing Model—Airbus 747 Series A318, A319, A320, A321 Series 737 Series A300, A310 Series... modified to comply with § 26.33(c) of this chapter. Table 3 Model—Boeing Model—Airbus 747 Series A318, A319...

  13. 14 CFR 129.117 - Flammability reduction means.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... requirements of § 26.33 of this chapter is operational. Table 1 Model—Boeing Model—Airbus 747 Series A318, A319.... Table 2 Model—Boeing Model—Airbus 747 Series A318, A319, A320, A321 Series 737 Series A300, A310 Series... modified to comply with § 26.33(c) of this chapter. Table 3 Model—Boeing Model—Airbus 747 Series A318, A319...

  14. The Boeing 767 Program: A Case Study of Issues Related to Success in Managing an International Cooperative Project

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-09-01

    38 percent, British Aerospace (United Kingdom) 20 percent, and Construcciones Aeronauticas (Spain) 4 percent. Airbus is a French consortium which...Deutsche Air- bus, 26 percent for British Aerospace and 6 percent for Construcciones Aeronauticas (16:56). The A300 and A310 are currently in production and...commuter transport. The codevelopment partners are Construcciones Aeronauticas (Spain) and P. T. Nurtanio (Indonesia). "Engineering and manufacturing

  15. Maunder, E W (1851-1928) and Maunder, Mrs A S D

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Solar astronomers. Maunder became assistant for spectroscopic and solar observations at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich under GEORGE AIRY, aided by his wife. In 1890, while studying the numbers of sunspots over a 300 year time-span he noticed the scarcity of spots in the period 1645-1715. This so-called Maunder minimum was confirmed by Jack Eddy (1976) to be a real effect rather than simply a...

  16. Low-Cost, High Efficiency, Silicon Based Photovoltaic Devices

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-08-27

    for photovoltaic applications. Figure 14: (a) Absorption and scattering efficiencies versus sizes of Au nanoparticle at 550 nm, (b) scattering...efficiency as a function of wavelength for different Au nanoparticles sizes . 32 Review of plasmonics light trapping for photovoltaic application...ensure that the irradiation variation was within 3%. The external quantum efficiency (EQE) system used a 300W Xenon light source with a spot size of 1mm

  17. Compilation of 1990 Annual Reports of the Navy ELF Communications System Ecological Monitoring Program. Volume 3. Tabs G thru I.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-08-01

    whereas control areas support more deciduous habitats (Blake et al. 1988). Differences in a variety of other habitat features also occur, but the deciduous...a heavy duty marine battery and was filtered through a 300 micrometer mesh filter and rolls of polyester in the common reservoir before flowing into...Ann. Rev. Systematics & Ecology, 5:309-323. Stout, R. Jean. 1981. How abiotic factors affect the distribution of two species of tropical predaceous

  18. Maglev ready for prime time.

    SciTech Connect

    Rote, D. M.; Johnson, L. R.; Energy Systems

    2003-01-01

    Putting Maglev on Track' (Issues, Spring 1990) observed that growing airline traffic and associated delays were already significant and predicted that they would worsen. The article argued that a 300-mile-per-hour (mph) magnetic levitation (maglev) system integrated into airport and airline operations could be a part of the solution. Maglev was not ready for prime time in 1990, but it is now.

  19. Destabilization of Cohesive Intertidal Sediments by Infauna

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Deckere, E. M. G. T.; Tolhurst, T. J.; de Brouwer, J. F. C.

    2001-11-01

    Bioturbation activity was reduced in four plots on an intertidal mudflat in the Humber estuary (UK) during 4 days, by spraying the sediment with an insecticide, namely vydate. Macrofaunal, especially Nereis diversicolor and oligochaeta, and meiofaunal densities decreased, while the diatom biomass did not change. This resulted in a 300% increase in sediment stability, caused by a reduction in bioturbation and grazing pressure and a decrease in the water content.

  20. Demonstration and Validation of a Portable Raman Sensor for In-Situ Detection and Monitoring of Perchlorate (ClO4 )

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-03-01

    was used to expose patterns of ellipse dimer arrays into a ~300 nm thick ZEP520A e-beam resist which had been spin coated on silicon wafers and baked ...prepared from solid NaClO4 salt (anhydrous ACS grade). 2. NaClO4 salt is baked at ~200 °C for at least 12 h and then stored in a desiccator prior to

  1. Evaluation of a New Equation for Calculating the Maximum Wait Time for Pilots That Have Used an Impairing Medication

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-08-01

    were treating pre-existing medical conditions using over-the-counter (OTC) medications ( Aspirin ™, Tylenol™, antihistamines, etc.), provided blood...time would decrease to 45 hours for a 150-lb person taking the same dose; a 300 -lb individual taking a 25-mg dose would only need to wait 31 hours...If the 300 -lb person mentioned above had taken a 50- mg dose, the wait time would have been 45 hours, which is approximately the same as the 49

  2. Indonesia: An Environmental Security Assessment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-04-01

    Jakarta estimates a 300-330 percent rise in emissions from most major pollutants between 1980 and 2000.12 Subsidies on gasoline, kerosene, and fuel oil ...make driving cars and using “dirtier” fuel oil easier than trying alternative energy means. Finding suitable ways to control emissions will be a...government- run oil -fired power plant on Sumatra is using low sulfur oil to reduce air pollutants. The government also sponsors a Clean City Program

  3. Wind shear measuring on board an airliner

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Krauspe, P.

    1984-01-01

    A measurement technique which continuously determines the wind vector on board an airliner during takeoff and landing is introduced. Its implementation is intended to deliver sufficient statistical background concerning low frequency wind changes in the atmospheric boundary layer and extended knowledge about deterministic wind shear modeling. The wind measurement scheme is described and the adaptation of apparatus onboard an A300 airbus is shown. Preliminary measurements made during level flight demonstrate the validity of the method.

  4. Using the Non-Intrusive Load Monitor for Shipboard Supervisory Control

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-01

    consists of a NEMA certified enclosure with voltage transducers and a DC power supply inside, appropriately sized current transducers, and a...command to the UEC. UEC starts a 300-second (5 minutes). “GTM __ TRANSITIONING TO COOLDOWN” is displayed on the AMLCD. “ NORM STOP/COOLDOWN...MMA-010, 01 Jul 1992. 80 Appendix A NILM Parts List Nomenclature Manufacturer Part Number Quantity NEMA Enclosure Rittal Corporation

  5. Design of a Geothermal Downhole Magnetic Flowmeter

    SciTech Connect

    Glowka, Dave A.; Normann, Randy A.

    2015-06-15

    This paper covers the development of a 300°C geothermal solid-state magnetic flowmeter (or magmeter) to support in situ monitoring of future EGS (enhanced geothermal system) production wells. Existing flowmeters are simple mechanical spinner sensors. These mechanical sensors fail within as little as 10 hrs, while a solid-state magmeter has the potential for months/years of operation. The design and testing of a magnetic flow sensor for use with existing high-temperature electronics is presented.

  6. This NASA Dryden F/A-18 is participating in the Automated Aerial Refueling (AAR) project. F/A-18 (No

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    A NASA Dryden F/A-18 is participating in the Automated Aerial Refueling (AAR) project. F/A-18 (No. 847) is acting as an in-flight refueling tanker in the study to develop analytical models for an automated aerial refueling system for unmanned vehicles. A 300-gallon aerodynamic pod containing air-refueling equipment is seen beneath the fuselage. The hose and refueling basket are extended during an assessment of their dynamics on the F/A-18A.

  7. High temperature arc-track resistant aerospace insulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dorogy, William

    1994-01-01

    The topics are presented in viewgraph form and include the following: high temperature aerospace insulation; Foster-Miller approach to develop a 300 C rated, arc-track resistant aerospace insulation; advantages and disadvantages of key structural features; summary goals and achievements of the phase 1 program; performance goals for selected materials; materials under evaluation; molecular structures of candidate polymers; candidate polymer properties; film properties; and a detailed program plan.

  8. Systems aspects of a space nuclear reactor power system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jaffe, L.; Fujita, T.; Beatty, R.; Bhandari, P.; Chow, E.; Deininger, W.; Ewell, R.; Grossman, M.; Bloomfield, H.; Heller, J.

    1988-01-01

    Various system aspects of a 300-kW nuclear reactor power system for spacecraft have been investigated. Special attention is given to the cases of a reusable OTV and a space-based radar. It is demonstrated that the stowed length of the power system is important to mission design, and that orbital storage for months to years may be needed for missions involving orbital assembly.

  9. Results from Two Years of Web-Based Astronomy Teaching

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wallin, J.

    1996-12-01

    During the last two years, course notes, supplemental material, bulletin boards, and an interactive quiz system have been developed for the introductory astronomy course at George Mason University. In this talk, I will present results about the level of Web literacy, Web usage, and educational effectiveness of this system based on in-class surveys and test results. The results presented are based on a 300 person survey course composed primarily of non-science majors. Although this course currently includes a lecture section, we plan to offer this as a web-based distance learning course within six months.

  10. Self-regenerating Nanotips: Indestructable Field-emission Cathodes for Low-power Electric Propulsion

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-09-27

    Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope. The chamber was evacuated using a series of three ion pumps and vacuum pressure of 10-7 Torr was...backed by a 110-L/min dry scroll pump . The chamber is also equipped with a 300-L/s combination ion/sublimation pump that can maintain pressure of...Torr for 2 to 24 hours and then the ion pump was turned off to let the vacuum pressure slowly increase while observing the electron emission

  11. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Abundances of LAMOST giants from APOGEE DR12 (Ho+, 2017)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ho, A. Y. Q.; Ness, M. K.; Hogg, D. W.; Rix, H.-W.; Liu, C.; Yang, F.; Zhang, Y.; Hou, Y.; Wang, Y.

    2017-09-01

    The Large sky Area Multi-Object Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST) is a low-resolution (R~1800) optical (3650-9000Å) spectroscopic survey. APOGEE is a high-resolution (R~22500), high-S/N (S/N~100), H-band (15200-16900Å) spectroscopic survey, part of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III. Observations are conducted using a 300 fiber spectrograph on the 2.5m Sloan Telescope at the Apache Point Observatory (APO) in Sunspot, New Mexico (USA). (1 data file).

  12. Direct Observation of Dislocation Core Structures in CdTe/GaAs(001).

    PubMed

    McGibbon, A J; Pennycook, S J; Angelo, J E

    1995-07-28

    A strategy is presented for determining sublattice polarity at defects in compound semiconductors. Core structures of 60-degree and Lomer dislocations in the CdTe/GaAs(001) system have been obtained by the application of maximum-entropy analysis to Z-contrast images (Z is atomic number) obtained in a 300-kilovolt scanning transmission electron microscope. Sixty-degree dislocations were observed to be of the glide type, whereas in the case of Lomer dislocations, both a symmetric (Hornstra-like) core and an unexpected asymmetric structure made up of a fourfold ring were seen.

  13. Superstrong Adjustable Permanent Magnet for a Linear Collider Final Focus

    SciTech Connect

    Mihara, T.

    A superstrong permanent magnet quadrupole (PMQ) is one of the candidates for the final focus lens for the linear collider because of its compactness and low power consumption. The first fabricated prototype of our PMQ achieved a 300T/m superstrong field gradient with a 100mm overall magnet radius and a 7mm bore radius, but a drawback is its fixed strength. Therefore, a second prototype of PMQ, whose strength is adjustable, was fabricated. Its strength adjustability is based on the ''double ring structure'', rotating subdivided magnet slices separately. This second prototype is being tested. Some of the early results are presented.

  14. Ultrashort Pulse (USP) Laser-Matter Interactions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-03-05

    spectroscopy • Frequency/time transfer • High-capacity comms • Coherent LIDAR • Optical clocks • Calibration Material Science ultrashort, high...Laboratory 41 Laser -driven x-rays generation (0.1 – 10 MeV) • Scattering from a 300 MeV electron beam can Doppler shift a 1-eV energy laser ...1 Integrity  Service  Excellence Ultrashort Pulse (USP) Laser – Matter Interactions 5 MAR 2013 Dr. Riq Parra Program Officer AFOSR/RTB

  15. Modern cockpit complexity challenges pilot interfaces.

    PubMed

    Dornheim, M A

    1995-01-30

    Advances in the use of automated cockpits are examined. Crashes at Nagoya and Toulouse in 1994 and incidents at Manchester, England, and Paris Orly are used as examples of cockpit automation versus manual operation of aircraft. Human factors researchers conclude that flight management systems (FMS) should have fewer modes and less authority. Reducing complexity and authority override systems of FMS can provide pilots with greater flexibility during crises. Aircraft discussed include Boeing 737-300 and 757-200, Airbus A300-600 and A310, McDonnell Douglas MD-11, and Tarom A310-300.

  16. Developing satellite-derived estimates of surface moisture status

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nemani, Ramakhrishna; Pierce, Lars; Running, Steve; Goward, Samuel

    1993-01-01

    An evaluation is made of the remotely sensed surface temperature (Ts)/normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) relationship in studies of the influence of biome type on the slope of Ts/NDVI, and of the automation of the process of defining the relationship so that the surface moisture status can be compared with Ts/NDVI at continental scales. The analysis is conducted using the NOAA AVHRR over a 300 x 300 km area in western Montana, as well as biweekly composite AVHRR data. A strong negative relationship is established between NDVI and Ts over all biome types.

  17. Electron transfer dynamics of bistable single-molecule junctions.

    PubMed

    Danilov, Andrey V; Kubatkin, Sergey E; Kafanov, Sergey G; Flensberg, Karsten; Bjørnholm, Thomas

    2006-10-01

    We present transport measurements of single-molecule junctions bridged by a molecule with three benzene rings connected by two double bonds and with thiol end-groups that allow chemical binding to gold electrodes. The I-V curves show switching behavior between two distinct states. By statistical analysis of the switching events, we show that a 300 meV mode mediates the transition between the two states. We propose that breaking and reformation of a S-H bond in the contact zone between molecule and electrode explains the observed bistability.

  18. SciTech Connect

    Singh, Arvind, E-mail: anita@barc.gov.in; Topkar, Anita

    In order to improve the gamma discrimination capability for thermal neutron measurements using silicon PIN detectors, a novel approach of use of thin epitaxial silicon PIN detectors was investigated. Thin epitaxial silicon detectors with thickness of 15 µm were developed and their performance was tested with thermal neutrons using {sup 10}B converter. The performance of this detector was compared with the performance of a 300 µm silicon detector. The results of experiments presented in this paper indicate that thin epitaxial silicon detectors can significantly improve γ discrimination for thermal neutron measurements.

  19. Biocompatible artificial DNA linker that is read through by DNA polymerases and is functional in Escherichia coli

    PubMed Central

    El-Sagheer, Afaf H.; Sanzone, A. Pia; Gao, Rachel; Tavassoli, Ali; Brown, Tom

    2011-01-01

    A triazole mimic of a DNA phosphodiester linkage has been produced by templated chemical ligation of oligonucleotides functionalized with 5′-azide and 3′-alkyne. The individual azide and alkyne oligonucleotides were synthesized by standard phosphoramidite methods and assembled using a straightforward ligation procedure. This highly efficient chemical equivalent of enzymatic DNA ligation has been used to assemble a 300-mer from three 100-mer oligonucleotides, demonstrating the total chemical synthesis of very long oligonucleotides. The base sequences of the DNA strands containing this artificial linkage were copied during PCR with high fidelity and a gene containing the triazole linker was functional in Escherichia coli. PMID:21709264

  20. The use of alloy 117 as a liquid metal current collector

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maribo, David; Sondergaard, Neal

    1987-09-01

    Low melting point, bismuth based alloys are potential replacements for NaK78 as liquid metal slip ring material because of their lower reactivity and potentially greater hydrodynamic stability. This paper describes experiments with one such alloy in a model of a 300 kW superconducting homopolar motor using close clearance braid type collectors. Slip ring tip velocities varied from 5 to 20 m/s and currents ranging from 500 to 2000 A. Viscous power losses tend to follow a simple turbulent mode. In all, the data supports the use of low melting point alloys as an alternative to Na78.

  1. National Dam Inspection Program. Johnson’s Pond (NDI-ID Number MD-11), Wicomico River Basin, Wicomico River, Wicomico County, Maryland. Phase I Inspection Report,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-07-01

    a mean high tide of 2.07 feet above m.s.l. and a mean low tide of 0.93 feet below mean sea level. Driven timber sheeting forming a sharp crested weir ...dam for Johnson’s Pond since its crest elevation exceeds mean high tide events. However, during record high tide events, the weir becomes submerged...comprised of a 300 foot long ogee spillway with wingwalls at the left and right abutments. According to the dam crest survey, the lowest point along the

  2. Improved Kennedy-Thorndike experiment to test special relativity

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hils, Dieter; Hall, J. L.

    1990-01-01

    A modern version of the Kennedy-Thorndike experiment was carried out by searching for sidereal variations between the frequency of a laser locked to an I2 reference line and a laser locked to the resonance frequency of a highly stable cavity. No variations were found at the level of 2 x 10 to the -12th. This represents a 300-fold improvement over the original Kennedy-Thorndike experiment and allows the Lorentz transformations to be deduced entirely from experiment at an accuracy level of 70 ppm.

  3. Improved Kennedy-Thorndike experiment to test special relativity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hils, Dieter; Hall, J. L.

    1990-04-01

    A modern version of the Kennedy-Thorndike experiment was carried out by searching for sidereal variations between the frequency of a laser locked to an I2 reference line and a laser locked to the resonance frequency of a highly stable cavity. No variations were found at the level of 2 x 10 to the -12th. This represents a 300-fold improvement over the original Kennedy-Thorndike experiment and allows the Lorentz transformations to be deduced entirely from experiment at an accuracy level of 70 ppm.

  4. The discovery of an 81 minute modulation of the X-ray flux from 2A0311-227

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    White, N. E.

    1980-01-01

    The X-ray flux from 2A0311-227 was modulated at the 81 min orbital period of its optical counterpart. An absorption dip with N sub H equivalent to 5 x 10 to the 22nd power H atoms per square cm was observed at magnetic phase 0.42. It was interpreted as the accretion column of a magnetic white dwarf passing in front of the X-ray source. The spectrum was thermal with a temperature of 18 keV and a 300 eV equivalent width iron line at 6.6 keV.

  5. 14 CFR 121.1115 - Limit of validity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... weight is a result of an original type certificate or a later design change. This section also applies to... A300-600 Series 30 30,000 FC/67,500 FH A310-200 Series 30 40,000 FC/60,000 FH A310-300 Series 30 35,000 FC/60,000 FH A318 Series 60 48,000 FC/60,000 FH A319 Series 60 48,000 FC/60,000 FH A320-100 Series 60...

  6. 14 CFR 129.115 - Limit of validity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... certificate or a later design change. This section also applies to foreign air carriers or foreign persons... A300-600 Series 30 30,000 FC/67,500 FH A310-200 Series 30 40,000 FC/60,000 FH A310-300 Series 30 35,000 FC/60,000 FH A318 Series 60 48,000 FC/60,000 FH A319 Series 60 48,000 FC/60,000 FH A320-100 Series 60...

  7. 14 CFR 121.1115 - Limit of validity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... weight is a result of an original type certificate or a later design change. This section also applies to... A300-600 Series 60 30,000 FC/67,500 FH A310-200 Series 60 40,000 FC/60,000 FH A310-300 Series 60 35,000 FC/60,000 FH A318 Series 60 48,000 FC/60,000 FH A319 Series 60 48,000 FC/60,000 FH A320-100 Series 60...

  8. 14 CFR 121.1115 - Limit of validity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... weight is a result of an original type certificate or a later design change. This section also applies to... A300-600 Series 30 30,000 FC/67,500 FH A310-200 Series 30 40,000 FC/60,000 FH A310-300 Series 30 35,000 FC/60,000 FH A318 Series 60 48,000 FC/60,000 FH A319 Series 60 48,000 FC/60,000 FH A320-100 Series 60...

  9. 14 CFR 129.115 - Limit of validity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... certificate or a later design change. This section also applies to foreign air carriers or foreign persons... A300-600 Series 60 30,000 FC/67,500 FH A310-200 Series 60 40,000 FC/60,000 FH A310-300 Series 60 35,000 FC/60,000 FH A318 Series 60 48,000 FC/60,000 FH A319 Series 60 48,000 FC/60,000 FH A320-100 Series 60...

  10. 14 CFR 129.115 - Limit of validity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... certificate or a later design change. This section also applies to foreign air carriers or foreign persons... A300-600 Series 60 30,000 FC/67,500 FH A310-200 Series 60 40,000 FC/60,000 FH A310-300 Series 60 35,000 FC/60,000 FH A318 Series 60 48,000 FC/60,000 FH A319 Series 60 48,000 FC/60,000 FH A320-100 Series 60...

  11. 14 CFR 121.1115 - Limit of validity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... weight is a result of an original type certificate or a later design change. This section also applies to... A300-600 Series 60 30,000 FC/67,500 FH A310-200 Series 60 40,000 FC/60,000 FH A310-300 Series 60 35,000 FC/60,000 FH A318 Series 60 48,000 FC/60,000 FH A319 Series 60 48,000 FC/60,000 FH A320-100 Series 60...

  12. 14 CFR 129.115 - Limit of validity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... certificate or a later design change. This section also applies to foreign air carriers or foreign persons... A300-600 Series 30 30,000 FC/67,500 FH A310-200 Series 30 40,000 FC/60,000 FH A310-300 Series 30 35,000 FC/60,000 FH A318 Series 60 48,000 FC/60,000 FH A319 Series 60 48,000 FC/60,000 FH A320-100 Series 60...

  13. Proceedings of Propulsion and Energetics Panel Symposium (71st) on Engine Condition Monitoring - Technology and Experience Held in Quebec City, Canada on 30 May-3 Jun 1988

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-06-03

    S. This is 23.0030 US S per aircraft and year. A310/A300-600 Engine Condition Monitorig U 45000 a 4 37A 4a 4. - -n 2500 1.0 a F ig. 3 COSTS/SAVINGS...to correct for variations in the background caused by disturbances such as vapor clouds in the field of view creating scattering or obscuration...in the signal characteristics. Fine debris tends to travel with the airstream in a cloud , and larger flakes and particles become more dispersed because

  14. Optically pumped lasing in a rolled-up dot-in-a-well (DWELL) microtube via the support of Au pad

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chai, Zhaoer; Wang, Qi; Cao, Jiawei; Mao, Guoming; Liu, Hao; Ren, Xiaomin; Maleev, Nikolai A.; Vasil'ev, Alexey P.; Zhukov, Alexey E.; Ustinov, Victor M.

    2018-02-01

    We report the observation of optically pumped continuous wave lasing in a self-rolled-up InGaAs/GaAs quantum dot microtube at room temperature. Single layer of InAs quantum dots ( 2.6 ML coverage) in a GaAs well sandwiched by two AlGaAs barriers are incorporated into the tube wall as the gain media. As-fabricated microtube is supported by a 300-nm-thick Au pad, aiming to separate the tube from GaAs substrate and thus to decrease the substrate loss, which finally enables lasing with ultralow threshold power ( 4 µW) from an microtube ring resonator.

  15. Measured radial dependence of the peak sheath voltages present in very high frequency capacitive discharges

    DOE PAGES

    Barnat, E. V.; Miller, P. A.; Hebner, G. A.; ...

    2007-05-16

    In this paper, the radial distribution of the measured voltage drop across a sheath formed between a 300mm electrode and an argon plasma discharge is shown to depend on the excitation radio frequency, under constant power and pressure conditions. At a lower frequency of 13.56MHz, the voltage drop across the sheath is uniform across the 300mm electrode, while at higher frequencies of 60 and 162MHz the voltage drop becomes radially nonuniform. Finally, the magnitude and spatial extent of the nonuniformity become greater with increasing frequency.

  16. Earth Observations taken by the Expedition 15 Crew

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2007-06-26

    ISS015-E-14584 (26 June 2007) --- The "bull's-eye" of the Richat Structure in the barren Gres de Chinguetti Plateau, central Mauritania in northwest Africa is featured in this image photographed by an Expedition 15 crewmember on the International Space Station. It represents domally uplifted, layered (sedimentary) rocks that have been eroded by water and wind into the present shape. The 25-mile-wide structure is a 300-foot-deep landmark that has caught the eye of many an astronaut in Earth orbit.

  17. New Material Overcomes a Long-Standing Challenge for Efficient, Onboard Storage of Hydrogen using Adsorbents

    SciTech Connect

    Fuel Cell Technologies Office

    The quest to develop a low cost material that efficiently stores hydrogen onboard fuel cell electric vehicles at low pressures and near room temperature has been pursued by U.S. Department of Energy since the early 2000s. This success story describes a recent early stage scientific breakthrough by researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory that could open the door to achieving a material that offers a 300+ mile driving range with 5 minute refuels, while still only emitting water vapor at the tail pipe.

  18. Time-resolved energy spectrum measurement of a linear induction accelerator with the magnetic analyzer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Yuan; Jiang, Xiao-Guo; Yang, Guo-Jun; Chen, Si-Fu; Zhang, Zhuo; Wei, Tao; Li, Jin

    2015-01-01

    We recently set up a time-resolved optical beam diagnostic system. Using this system, we measured the high current electron beam energy in the accelerator under construction. This paper introduces the principle of the diagnostic system, describes the setup, and shows the results. A bending beam line was designed using an existing magnetic analyzer with a 300 mm-bending radius and a 60° bending angle at hard-edge approximation. Calculations show that the magnitude of the beam energy is about 18 MeV, and the energy spread is within 2%. Our results agree well with the initial estimates deduced from the diode voltage approach.

  19. Number of Players and Relative Pitch Area per Player: Comparing Their Influence on Heart Rate and Physical Demands in Under-12 and Under-13 Football Players.

    PubMed

    Castellano, Julen; Puente, Asier; Echeazarra, Ibon; Usabiaga, Oidui; Casamichana, David

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the present study is to analyse the influence of different large-sided games (LSGs) on the physical and physiological variables in under-12s (U12) and -13s (U13) soccer players. The effects of the combination of different number of players per team, 7, 9, and 11 (P7, P9, and P11, respectively) with three relative pitch areas, 100, 200, and 300 m(2) (A100, A200, and A300, respectively), were analysed in this study. The variables analysed were: 1) global indicator such as total distance (TD); work:rest ratio (W:R); player-load (PL) and maximal speed (Vmax); 2) heart rate (HR) mean and time spent in different intensity zones of HR (<75%, 75-84%, 84-90% and >90%), and; 3) five absolute (<8, 8-13, 13-16 and >16 Km h(-1)) and three relative speed categories (<40%, 40-60% and >60% Vmax). The results support the theory that a change in format (player number and pitch dimensions) affects no similarly in the two players categories. Although it can seem that U13 players are more demanded in this kind of LSG, when the work load is assessed from a relative point of view, great pitch dimensions and/or high number of player per team are involved in the training task to the U12 players. The results of this study could alert to the coaches to avoid some types of LSGs for the U12 players such as: P11 played in A100, A200 or A300, P9 played in A200 or A300 and P7 played in A300 due to that U13>U12 in several physical and physiological variables (W:R, time spent in 84-90%HRmax, distance in 8-13 and 13-16 Km h(-1) and time spent in 40-60%Vmax). These results may help youth soccer coaches to plan the progressive introduction of LSGs so that task demands are adapted to the physiological and physical development of participants.

  20. Downdating a time-varying square root information filter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Muellerschoen, Ronald J.

    1990-01-01

    A new method to efficiently downdate an estimate and covariance generated by a discrete time Square Root Information Filter (SRIF) is presented. The method combines the QR factor downdating algorithm of Gill and the decentralized SRIF algorithm of Bierman. Efficient removal of either measurements or a priori information is possible without loss of numerical integrity. Moreover, the method includes features for detecting potential numerical degradation. Performance on a 300 parameter system with 5800 data points shows that the method can be used in real time and hence is a promising tool for interactive data analysis. Additionally, updating a time-varying SRIF filter with either additional measurements or a priori information proceeds analogously.

  1. A Volumetric Method for Titrimetric Analysis of Hydrogen Peroxide

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-05-06

    fairly satisfactory indicator. Sulfuric acid solutions of cerium are stable over long periods of time, unlike the less stable nitric and hydrochloric acid ...Fisher number D141-5. 5. Sulfuric acid , concentrated (95-98 percent). For example, Fisher number A 300-212. 6. O-Phosphoric acid , 85 percent:. For example...Fisher number A 242-500. 7. 5 N sulfuric acid (Reference 11): Slowly pour 75 mL of concentrated sulfuric acid (95-98 percent) into approximately 200

  2. Analysis of Lidar Remote Sensing Concepts

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Spiers, Gary D.

    1999-01-01

    Line of sight velocity and measurement position sensitivity analyses for an orbiting coherent Doppler lidar are developed and applied to two lidars, one with a nadir angle of 30 deg. in a 300 km altitude, 58 deg. inclination orbit and the second for a 45 deg. nadir angle instrument in a 833 km altitude, 89 deg. inclination orbit. The effect of orbit related effects on the backscatter sensitivity of a coherent Doppler lidar is also discussed. Draft performance estimate, error budgets and payload accommodation requirements for the SPARCLE (Space Readiness Coherent Lidar) instrument were also developed and documented.

  3. Gold nanoparticles in a polycarbonate matrix for optical limiting against a CW laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Frare, M. C.; Weber, V.; Signorini, R.; Bozio, R.

    2014-10-01

    The optical limiting behavior of thin polymer films doped with gold nanoparticles is investigated under continuous wave illumination at two different wavelengths: 488 and 514 nm. Closed aperture Z-scan measurements reveal a negative nonlinear refractive index of around 10-6 W cm-2, comparable with that reported for liquid samples, due to the non-local thermal refraction process. The effectiveness of the optical limiting action is assessed, for varying input powers, by measuring the transmitted irradiance in a 300 ms time interval, corresponding to the blinking time of the human eye. It is thus possible to evaluate the total fluence reaching the retina.

  4. High efficiency epitaxial GaAs/GaAs and GaAs/Ge solar cell technology using OM/CVD

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wang, K. L.; Yeh, Y. C. M.; Stirn, R. J.; Swerdling, S.

    1980-01-01

    A technology for fabricating high efficiency, thin film GaAs solar cells on substrates appropriate for space and/or terrestrial applications was developed. The approach adopted utilizes organometallic chemical vapor deposition (OM-CVD) to form a GaAs layer epitaxially on a suitably prepared Ge epi-interlayer deposited on a substrate, especially a light weight silicon substrate which can lead to a 300 watt per kilogram array technology for space. The proposed cell structure is described. The GaAs epilayer growth on single crystal GaAs and Ge wafer substrates were investigated.

  5. Metal-Insulator-Metal Diode Process Development for Energy Harvesting Applications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-04-01

    Sputter Tool Dep Method: Sputtering (DC Magnetron ) Recipe: MC_Pt 1640A_TiO2 1000A_Ti 2000A_500C_1a MC_Pt 1640A_TiO2 1000A_Ti 2000A_300C_1a MC_Pt...thin films were sputtered onto silicon substrates with silicon dioxide overlayers. I-V measurements were taken using an electrical characterization...deposition of the entire MIM material stack to be done without breaking the vacuum within a multi-material system DC sputtering tool. A CAD layout of a MIM

  6. General Kenney Reports: A Personal History of the Pacific War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-01-01

    in Gen- eral Kenney Reports. In December 1945 he was given an assignment with the Military Staff Committee of the United Nations , which took him...way that with a little fixing could be used by DC- type trans- ports. About ten miles west of Buna, however, the country was wide-open. The country was ...each over the convoy. Although a 300-pound bomb was rather light for this type of work, it was all they had. They sank one of the minesweepers and then

  7. Metrology of flat mirrors with a computer generated hologram

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pariani, Giorgio; Tresoldi, Daniela; Moschetti, Manuele; Riva, Marco; Bianco, Andrea; Zerbi, Filippo Maria

    2014-07-01

    We designed the interferometric test of a 300 mm flat mirror, based onto a spherical mirror and a dedicated CGH. The spherical beam of the interferometer is quasi collimated to the desired diameter by the spherical mirror, used slightly off-axis, and the CGH performs the residual wavefront correction. We performed tests on a 200 mm and 300 mm flat mirrors, and compared the results to the ones obtained by stitching, showing an accuracy well within the designed value. The possibility to calibrate the cavity by subtracting out the figure errors of the spherical mirror has also been evaluated.

  8. High resolution hard X-ray spectra of solar and cosmic sources. Ph.D. Thesis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schwartz, R. A.

    1984-01-01

    High resolution hard X-ray observations of a large solar flare and the Crab Nebula were obtained during balloon flights using an array of cooled germanium planar detectors. In addition, high time resolution high sensitivity measurements were obtained with a 300 square cm NaI/CsI phoswich scintillator. The Crab spectrum from both flights was searched without finding evidence of line emission below 200 keV. In particular, for the 73 keV line previously reported a 3 sigma upper limit for a narrow (1 keV FWHM) line .0019 and .0014 ph square cm/sec for the 1979 and 1980 flights, respectively was obtained.

  9. Real-time distributed fiber microphone based on phase-OTDR.

    PubMed

    Franciscangelis, Carolina; Margulis, Walter; Kjellberg, Leif; Soderquist, Ingemar; Fruett, Fabiano

    2016-12-26

    The use of an optical fiber as a real-time distributed microphone is demonstrated employing a phase-OTDR with direct detection. The method comprises a sample-and-hold circuit capable of both tuning the receiver to an arbitrary section of the fiber considered of interest and to recover in real-time the detected acoustic wave. The system allows listening to the sound of a sinusoidal disturbance with variable frequency, music and human voice with ~60 cm of spatial resolution through a 300 m long optical fiber.

  10. Anastomosis of endothelial sprouts forms new vessels in a tissue analogue of angiogenesis.

    PubMed

    Song, Jonathan W; Bazou, Despina; Munn, Lance L

    2012-08-01

    Here we describe a microfluidic device that accurately reproduces the dynamics of vascular anastomosis, the process by which vascular sprouts connect to achieve perfusion during angiogenesis. The micro-device features two parallel endothelial cell-lined vessel analogues separated by a 300 μm wide collagenous matrix into which the vessels can sprout and form perfused bridging connections. By accurately recapitulating anastomosis in vitro, the device will enable a new generation of studies of the mechanisms of angiogenesis and provide a novel and practical platform for drug screening.

  11. Preparation of ZnS microdisks using chemical bath deposition and ZnS/p-Si heterojunction solar cells

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hsiao, Y. J.; Meen, T. H.; Ji, L. W.; Tsai, J. K.; Wu, Y. S.; Huang, C. J.

    2013-10-01

    The synthesis and heterojunction solar cell properties of ZnS microdisks prepared by the chemical bath deposition method were investigated. The ZnS deposited on the p-Si blanket substrate exhibits good coverage. The lower reflectance spectra were found as the thickness of the ZnS film increased. The optical absorption spectra of the 80 °C ZnS microdisk exhibited a band-gap energy of 3.4 eV and the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the AZO/ZnS/p-Si heterojunction solar cell with a 300 nm thick ZnS film was η=2.72%.

  12. Enhanced optical clearing of skin in vivo and optical coherence tomography in-depth imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wen, Xiang; Jacques, Steven L.; Tuchin, Valery V.; Zhu, Dan

    2012-06-01

    The strong optical scattering of skin tissue makes it very difficult for optical coherence tomography (OCT) to achieve deep imaging in skin. Significant optical clearing of in vivo rat skin sites was achieved within 15 min by topical application of an optical clearing agent PEG-400, a chemical enhancer (thiazone or propanediol), and physical massage. Only when all three components were applied together could a 15 min treatment achieve a three fold increase in the OCT reflectance from a 300 μm depth and 31% enhancement in image depth Zthreshold.

  13. Number of Players and Relative Pitch Area per Player: Comparing Their Influence on Heart Rate and Physical Demands in Under-12 and Under-13 Football Players

    PubMed Central

    Castellano, Julen; Puente, Asier; Echeazarra, Ibon; Usabiaga, Oidui; Casamichana, David

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the present study is to analyse the influence of different large-sided games (LSGs) on the physical and physiological variables in under-12s (U12) and -13s (U13) soccer players. The effects of the combination of different number of players per team, 7, 9, and 11 (P7, P9, and P11, respectively) with three relative pitch areas, 100, 200, and 300 m2 (A100, A200, and A300, respectively), were analysed in this study. The variables analysed were: 1) global indicator such as total distance (TD); work:rest ratio (W:R); player-load (PL) and maximal speed (Vmax); 2) heart rate (HR) mean and time spent in different intensity zones of HR (<75%, 75–84%, 84–90% and >90%), and; 3) five absolute (<8, 8–13, 13–16 and >16 Km h-1) and three relative speed categories (<40%, 40–60% and >60% Vmax). The results support the theory that a change in format (player number and pitch dimensions) affects no similarly in the two players categories. Although it can seem that U13 players are more demanded in this kind of LSG, when the work load is assessed from a relative point of view, great pitch dimensions and/or high number of player per team are involved in the training task to the U12 players. The results of this study could alert to the coaches to avoid some types of LSGs for the U12 players such as: P11 played in A100, A200 or A300, P9 played in A200 or A300 and P7 played in A300 due to that U13>U12 in several physical and physiological variables (W:R, time spent in 84–90%HRmax, distance in 8–13 and 13–16 Km h-1 and time spent in 40–60%Vmax). These results may help youth soccer coaches to plan the progressive introduction of LSGs so that task demands are adapted to the physiological and physical development of participants. PMID:26752422

  14. Contact diode laser: high power application through fiberoptic cutting tips.

    PubMed

    Wafapoor, H; Peyman, G A; Moritera, T

    1994-01-01

    Diode laser energy has been applied through a fiberoptic probe using a power setting of 2.5 watts (W) in the continuous mode. In this study we employed high-power diode laser energy (4 to 12 W, continuous wave) to incise ocular tissue through a fiberoptic probe using 100 microns and 300 microns tips. The retina was photocoagulated with a 300 microns orb tip. No bleeding occurred at the incision sites. Histologic evaluation revealed coagulation into the healthy tissue ranging from 10 to 50 microns.

  15. Smoke in the Gulf of Mexico

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    This Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) image of the Bay of Campeche, acquired January 17, 2001, shows a 300-kilometer long smoke plume streaming towards the northwest from around 19.4o North and 92o West, the location of the Akal oil field. In the lower right (southeast) corner of the image is the country of El Salvador, site of a magnitude 7.6 earthquake on January 13, 2001. On the Pacific side of Southern Mexico, the productive waters of the Gulf of Tehuantepec are visible. Provided by the SeaWiFS Project, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, and ORBIMAGE

  16. Development of an Organic Rankine-Cycle power module for a small community solar thermal power experiment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kiceniuk, T.

    1985-01-01

    An organic Rankine-cycle (ORC) power module was developed for use in a multimodule solar power plant to be built and operated in a small community. Many successful components and subsystems, including the reciever, power conversion subsystem, energy transport subsystem, and control subsystem, were tested. Tests were performed on a complete power module using a test bed concentrator in place of the proposed concentrator. All major single-module program functional objectives were met and the multimodule operation presented no apparent problems. The hermetically sealed, self-contained, ORC power conversion unit subsequently successfully completed a 300-hour endurance run with no evidence of wear or operating problems.

  17. Monitoring crack extension in fracture toughness tests by ultrasonics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Klima, S. J.; Fisher, D. M.; Buzzard, R. J.

    1975-01-01

    An ultrasonic method was used to observe the onset of crack extension and to monitor continued crack growth in fracture toughness specimens during three point bend tests. A 20 MHz transducer was used with commercially available equipment to detect average crack extension less than 0.09 mm. The material tested was a 300-grade maraging steel in the annealed condition. A crack extension resistance curve was developed to demonstrate the usefulness of the ultrasonic method for minimizing the number of tests required to generate such curves.

  18. Electron holography study of magnetization behavior in the writer pole of a perpendicular magnetic recording head by a 1 MV transmission electron microscope.

    PubMed

    Hirata, Kei; Ishida, Yoichi; Akashi, Tetsuya; Shindo, Daisuke; Tonomura, Akira

    2012-01-01

    The magnetic domain structure of the writer poles of perpendicular magnetic recording heads was studied using electron holography. Although the domain structure of a 100-nm-thick writer pole could be observed with a 300 kV transmission electron microscope, that of the 250-nm-thick writer pole could not be analyzed due to the limited transmission capability of the instrument. On the other hand, the detailed domain structure of the 250-nm-thick writer pole was successfully analyzed by a 1 MV electron microscope using its high transmission capability. The thickness and material dependency of the domain structure of a writer pole were discussed.

  19. Development of a Watt-level gamma-ray source based on high-repetition-rate inverse Compton scattering

    SciTech Connect

    Mihalcea, D.; Murokh, A.; Piot, P.

    2017-07-01

    A high-brilliance (~10 22 photon s -1 mm -2 mrad -2 /0.1%) gamma-ray source experiment is currently being planned at Fermilab (E γ≃1.1 MeV). The source implements a high-repetition-rate inverse Compton scattering by colliding electron bunches formed in a ~300-MeV superconducting linac with a high-intensity laser pulse. This paper describes the design rationale along with some of technical challenges associated to producing high-repetition-rate collision. The expected performances of the gamma-ray source are also presented.

  20. Development and technical implementation of the separation nozzle process for enrichment of uranium-235

    SciTech Connect

    Becker, E.W.; Bier, W.; Bley, P.

    In the separation nozzle process, enrichment is achieved by extremely high centrifugal forces in a curved flow of UF/sub 6/ diluted by a light gas. The first commercial application is in Brasil, where a so-called First Cascade consisting of 24 separation nozzle stages is under construction. In two steps, this installation will be expanded into a 300,000 SWU/a demonstration plant. The development of components for commercial plants is well under way. The paper describes developments and technical implementation of the separation nozzle process. Remarkable progress has been made in the process economy.

  1. Design and performance of an instrument for electron impact tandem mass spectrometry and action spectroscopy of mass/charge selected macromolecular ions stored in RF ion trap*

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ranković, Milos Lj.; Giuliani, Alexandre; Milosavljević, Aleksandar R.

    2016-06-01

    A new apparatus was designed, coupling an electron gun with a linear quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer, to perform m/ z (mass over charge) selected ion activation by electron impact for tandem mass spectrometry and action spectroscopy. We present in detail electron tracing simulations of a 300 eV electron beam inside the ion trap, design of the mechanical parts, electron optics and electronic circuits used in the experiment. We also report examples of electron impact activation tandem mass spectra for Ubiquitin protein, Substance P and Melittin peptides, at incident electron energies in the range from 280 eV to 300 eV.

  2. Satellite measurements of the earth's crustal magnetic field

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schnetzler, C. C.

    1989-01-01

    The literature associated with the Magsat mission has evaluated the capabilities and limitations of satellite measurements of the earth's crustal magnetic field, and demonstrated that there exists a 300-3000 km magnetic field, related to major features in the earth's crust, which is primarily caused by induction. Due to its scale and sensitivity, satellite data have been useful in the development of models for such large crustal features as subduction zones, submarine platforms, continental accretion boundaries, and rifts. Attention is presently given to the lack of agreement between laboratory and satellite estimates of lower crustal magnetization.

  3. Toward a Profile of Soviet Behavior in International Financial Markets,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-08-01

    offered even better terms than indicated in Table 3. In October 1986, Banque Nationale de Paris managed a $300 million Table 3 TERMS OF SOVIET BORROWING...I ’, Bank, Claim-. 1 All ()%% C)A111-HIS Ilep in I eceiuhtr 19 2 26 211 Ie )een i e r I I Os󈧐 lt4.222 I )ecerlher !A, 1 hi , he le n i tr 1- Iat tr...French hank. In the BIS reporting scheme, this transaction is no (lifTerent t’roi at deposit by a British bank in Banque Nationale (de Paris. But just

  4. Thermocouple-based Temperature Sensing System for Chemical Cell Inside Micro UAV Device

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Han, Yanhui; Feng, Yue; Lou, Haozhe; Zhang, Xinzhao

    2018-03-01

    Environmental temperature of UAV system is crucial for chemical cell component inside. Once the temperature of this chemical cell is over 259 °C and keeps more than 20 min, the high thermal accumulation would result in an explosion, which seriously damage the whole UAV system. Therefore, we develop a micro temperature sensing system for monitoring the temperature of chemical cell thermally influenced by UAV device deployed in a 300 °C temperature environment, which is quite useful for insensitive munitions and UAV safety enhancement technologies.

  5. Benefits of Low-Power Electrothermal Propulsion

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Oleson, Steven R.; Sankovic, John M.

    1997-01-01

    Mission analyses were completed to show the benefits of low-power electrothermal propulsion systems for three classes'of LEO smallsat missions. Three different electrothermal systems were considered: (1) a 40 W ammonia resistojet system, (2) a 600 W hydrazine arcjet system, and (3) a 300 W ammonia resistojet. The benefits of using two 40 W ammonia resistojet systems were analyzed for three months of drag makeup of a Shuttle-launched 100 kg spacecraft in a 297 km orbit. The two 46 W resistojets decreased the propulsion system wet mass by 50% when compared to state-of-art hydrazine monopropellant thrusters. The 600 W arcjet system was used for a 300 km sun synchronous makeup mission of a 1000 kg satellite and was found to decrease the wet propulsion mass by 30%. Finally, the 300 W arcjet system was used on a 200 kg Earth-orbiting spacecraft for both orbit transfer from 300 to 400 km, two years of drag makeup, and a final orbit rise to 700 km. The arcjet system was determined to halve the propulsion system wet mass required for that scenario as compared to hydrazine monopropellant thrusters.

  6. Simultaneous application of ethylene and 1-MCP affects banana ripening features during storage.

    PubMed

    Botondi, Rinaldo; De Sanctis, Federica; Bartoloni, Serena; Mencarelli, Fabio

    2014-08-01

    In order to avoid the ripening blocking effect of 1-MCP (1-methylcyclopropene) on bananas when applied before ethylene commercial treatment, 1-MCP in combination with 'CD ethylene' (ethylene-cyclodextrin complex) was used in gas formulations: 300 nmol mol(-1) 1-MCP + 1200, 2400 or 4800 nmol mol(-1) ethylene (ETH). Control bananas received 1-MCP alone or 4800 nmol mol(-1) ethylene alone or no treatment. Treatments were done on overseas shipped bananas, at 14 °C, 90% relative humidity (RH), for 16 h; the bananas were stored under the same atmospheric conditions. After 4 or 12 days the bananas were commercially treated with 500 µmol mol(-1) ethylene. A 300 nmol mol(-1) 1-MCP treatment significantly blocked banana ripening in terms of physiological and technological parameters, inhibiting ethylene production and respiration, despite the commercial ethylene treatment. The application of 300 nmol mol(-1) 1-MCP + 1200 or 2400 nmol mol(-1) ethylene delayed ripening but with a regular pattern. A 300 nmol mol(-1) 1-MCP + 4800 nmol mol(-1) ethylene application did not delay ripening as did 4800 nmol mol(-1) ethylene treatment. The development of black spots was closely associated with advanced ripening/senescence of fruits. The combined 300 nmol mol(-1) 1-MCP + 1200 or 2400 nmol mol(-1) ethylene treatment appears to be a promising treatment to extend banana storage, following overseas shipping. © 2014 Society of Chemical Industry.

  7. Short duration microgravity experiments in physical and life sciences during parabolic flights: the first 30 ESA campaigns.

    PubMed

    Pletser, Vladimir

    2004-11-01

    Aircraft parabolic flights provide repetitively up to 20 s of reduced gravity during ballistic flight manoeuvres. Parabolic flights are used to conduct short microgravity investigations in Physical and Life Sciences, to test instrumentation and to train astronauts before a space flight. The European Space Agency (ESA) has organized since 1984 thirty parabolic flight campaigns for microgravity research experiments utilizing six different airplanes. More than 360 experiments were successfully conducted during more than 2800 parabolas, representing a cumulated weightlessness time of 15 h 30 m. This paper presents the short duration microgravity research programme of ESA. The experiments conducted during these campaigns are summarized, and the different airplanes used by ESA are shortly presented. The technical capabilities of the Airbus A300 'Zero-G' are addressed. Some Physical Science, Technology and Life Science experiments performed during the last ESA campaigns with the Airbus A300 are presented to show the interest of this unique microgravity research tool to complement, support and prepare orbital microgravity investigations. c2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. RF priming of a long pulse relativistic magnetron

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    White, William Michael

    Rapid startup, increased pulsewidth and mode locking of magnetrons have been demonstrated experimentally on a relativistic magnetron by radio frequency (RF) priming. Experiments utilize a -300 kV, 2-8 kA, 300-500 ns electron beam to drive a Titan 6-vane relativistic magnetron (˜100 MW output power). The RF priming source is a 100 kW pulsed magnetron operating at 1.27-1.32 GHz. Tuning stubs were utilized in the Titan structure to adjust the operating frequency of the relativistic magnetron pi-mode upward by 30%. The tuning was guided by simulation in the MAGIC 3D code and experimental cold tests including a mapping of the azimuthal electric field inside the relativistic magnetron structure. The most successful tuning geometry was that of a standard anode resonant structure, but RF priming experiments were performed on a rising-sun structure as well. The Time Frequency Analysis (TFA) program was used to directly observe the effects of RF priming on the relativistic magnetron. RF priming was successful in decreasing mode competition by suppressing the generation of the 2pi/3-mode power by 41%. RF priming experiments were also successful in increasing microwave pulsewidth by 12% and decreasing microwave output delay by 22%. These improvements were observed while operating in a priming regime not satisfying Adler's Relation. Overall, the improvements made to the performance of the relativistic magnetron were modest because of the low priming power available (50-250 kW).

  9. Electrokinetic migration across artificial liquid membranes Tuning the membrane chemistry to different types of drug substances.

    PubMed

    Gjelstad, Astrid; Rasmussen, Knut Einar; Pedersen-Bjergaard, Stig

    2006-08-18

    Twenty different basic drugs were electrokinetically extracted across a thin artificial organic liquid membrane with a 300 V d.c. electrical potential difference as the driving force. From a 300 microl aqueous sample (acidified corresponding to 10mM HCl), the drugs were extracted for 5 min through a 200 microm artificial liquid membrane of a water immiscible organic solvent immobilized in the pores of a polypropylene hollow fiber, and into a 30 microl aqueous acceptor solution of 10mM HCl inside the lumen of the hollow fiber. Hydrophobic basic drugs (logP>1.7) were effectively isolated utilizing 2-nitrophenyl octyl ether (NPOE) as the artificial liquid membrane, with recoveries up to 83%. For more hydrophilic basic drugs (logP<1.0), a mixture of NPOE and 25% (w/w) di-(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate (DEHP) was required to ensure efficient extraction, resulting in recoveries up to 75%. DEHP was expected to act as an ion-pair reagent ion-pairing the protonated hydrophilic drugs at the interface between the sample and the membrane, resulting in permeation of the interface.

  10. Field trial of rural solar photovoltaic system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Basu, P.; Mukhopadhyay, K.; Banerjee, T.; Das, S.; Saha, H.

    Experience, costs, and performance of photovoltaic (PV) systems set up in a remote Indian village to power an adult literacy center and an irrigation pump are described. The center was furnished with a 14-module, 200 W array to power a television and three fluorescent lamps. The pumping installation has 20 modules for a 300 W output directly coupled to a 300-W dc pump motor. Data were gathered on the open circuit voltage, short circuit current, specific gravity of the battery fluid, degradation of the cells, nominal operating temperature of the cells, load currents, Amp-hours, water flow rate (pump), and the static head and draw down rate (pump). Monitoring of the array performances in the dusty environment showed that once/week cleaning is necessary. Al-substrates cracked at the center installation and sealant evaporation caused condensation which degraded the light transmissivity and thereby the short-circuit current of the modules. The combination of low-efficiency (5 pct) cells and cheap labor demonstrated economic operation without high-efficiency cells.

  11. Incentive or Habit Learning in Amphibians?

    PubMed Central

    Muzio, Rubén N.; Pistone Creydt, Virginia; Iurman, Mariana; Rinaldi, Mauro A.; Sirani, Bruno; Papini, Mauricio R.

    2011-01-01

    Toads (Rhinella arenarum) received training with a novel incentive procedure involving access to solutions of different NaCl concentrations. In Experiment 1, instrumental behavior and weight variation data confirmed that such solutions yield incentive values ranging from appetitive (deionized water, DW, leading to weight gain), to neutral (300 mM slightly hypertonic solution, leading to no net weight gain or loss), and aversive (800 mM highly hypertonic solution leading to weight loss). In Experiment 2, a downshift from DW to a 300 mM solution or an upshift from a 300 mM solution to DW led to a gradual adjustment in instrumental behavior. In Experiment 3, extinction was similar after acquisition with access to only DW or with a random mixture of DW and 300 mM. In Experiment 4, a downshift from DW to 225, 212, or 200 mM solutions led again to gradual adjustments. These findings add to a growing body of comparative evidence suggesting that amphibians adjust to incentive shifts on the basis of habit formation and reorganization. PMID:22087217

  12. Low-Cost Production of Composite Bushings for Jet Engine Applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gray, Robert A.

    1998-01-01

    The objectives of this research program were to reduce the manufacturing costs of variable stator vane bushings by 1) eliminating the expensive carbon fiber braiding operation, 2) replacing the batch mode impregnation, B-stage, and cutting operations with a continuous process, and 3) reducing the molding cycle and machining operations with injection molding to achieve near-net shapes. Braided bushings were successfully fabricated with both AMB-17XLD and AMB-TPD resin systems. The composite bushings achieved high glass transition temperature after post-cure (+300 C) and comparable weight loss to the PNM-15 bushings. ANM-17XLD bushings made with "batch-mode" molding compound (at 0.5 in. fiber length) achieved a +300 lb-force flange break strength which was superior to the continuous braided-fiber reinforced bushing. The non-MDA resin technology developed in this contract appears attractive for bushing applications that do not exceed a 300 C use temperature. Two thermoplastic polyimide resins were synthesized in order to generate injection molding compound powders. Excellent processing results were obtained at injection temperatures in excess of 300 C. Micro-tensile specimens were produced from each resin type and the Tg measurements (by TMA) for these samples were equivalent to AURUM(R). Thermal Gravimetric Analysis (TGA) conducted at 10 C/min showed that the non-MDA AMB-type polyimide thermoplastics had comparable weight loss to PMR-15 up to 500 C.

  13. Orofacial lymphatic malformation: management with a three steps diode laser protocol

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miccoli, Simona; Tempesta, Angela; Limongelli, Luisa; Caporusso, Concetta; Di Venere, Daniela; Petruzzi, Massimo; Lacaita, Mariagrazia; Maiorano, Eugenio; Favia, Gianfranco

    2014-01-01

    Lymphatic Malformation (LM) according to ISSVA Classification, is a rare benign disorder with unknown aetiology. LM may grow slowly over years or develop rapidly over the course of days becoming a bulky lump, infected or bleeding. We propose our three steps Diode Laser protocol for LM management, based on its persistent vascular blood component. 1. Histological and cytological examination, to evaluate the vascular blood component (10-40%), shows mature lymphocytes with red blood cells and endothelial cells. 2. Diode Laser Photocoagulation (DLP) in pulsed mode (on 100ms / off 400ms) at 10W and 800nm with a 300μm fibre kept 2-3mm from the tissues, to reduce the lesion. 3. Diode Laser surgical excision in pulsed mode (on 50ms / off 200ms) at 8W and 800nm with a 300 μm fibre in close contact with tissues, and histological intraoperative margins control on frozen sections. Even if it has inconstant results (lesions decreasing rate is 10% to 40% proportionally to vascular blood component), DLP simplifies the last and the most important step. Use of Diode Laser also in surgical excision reduces intra and postoperatory complications.

  14. Survey of bat populations from Mexico and Paraguay for rabies.

    PubMed

    Sheeler-Gordon, L L; Smith, J S

    2001-07-01

    A mammalian survey was conducted in Mexico (October 1994-January 1996) and in Paraguay (August 1996-March 1997); a complete specimen was collected for each bat in the survey, including primary voucher specimen, ectoparasites, karyotype, and various frozen tissues. The surveys combined provided 937 brain samples (65 bat species) for rabies diagnosis. One male Lasiurus ega, collected in Paraguay, tested positive for the rabies virus (overall prevalence rate of 0.1%). Nucleotide sequence from a 300 bp region of the rabies nucleoprotein gene was compared with sequence obtained from representative rabies virus samples in the repository at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Atlanta, Georgia, USA). Rabies virus extracted from the brain material of L. ega differed by only one nucleotide from a 300 bp consensus sequence (>99% homology) derived from samples for the variant of rabies virus transmitted by Lasiurus cinereus. Lasiurus ego differed by approximately 15% for the variant transmitted by Desmodus rotundus. Phylogenetic analysis found no evidence to suggest L. ego is a reservoir for rabies antigenic variant 6. The most likely explanation for rabies in L. ega was infection following contact with a rabid L. cinereus.

  15. A three-dimensional spatial mapping approach to quantify fine-scale heterogeneity among leaves within canopies1

    PubMed Central

    Wingfield, Jenna L.; Ruane, Lauren G.; Patterson, Joshua D.

    2017-01-01

    Premise of the study: The three-dimensional structure of tree canopies creates environmental heterogeneity, which can differentially influence the chemistry, morphology, physiology, and/or phenology of leaves. Previous studies that subdivide canopy leaves into broad categories (i.e., “upper/lower”) fail to capture the differences in microenvironments experienced by leaves throughout the three-dimensional space of a canopy. Methods: We use a three-dimensional spatial mapping approach based on spherical polar coordinates to examine the fine-scale spatial distributions of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) and the concentration of ultraviolet (UV)-absorbing compounds (A300) among leaves within the canopies of black mangroves (Avicennia germinans). Results: Linear regressions revealed that interior leaves received less PAR and produced fewer UV-absorbing compounds than leaves on the exterior of the canopy. By allocating more UV-absorbing compounds to the leaves on the exterior of the canopy, black mangroves may be maximizing UV-protection while minimizing biosynthesis of UV-absorbing compounds. Discussion: Three-dimensional spatial mapping provides an inexpensive and portable method to detect fine-scale differences in environmental and biological traits within canopies. We used it to understand the relationship between PAR and A300, but the same approach can also be used to identify traits associated with the spatial distribution of herbivores, pollinators, and pathogens. PMID:29188145

  16. NMR imaging of high-amylose starch tablets. 1. Swelling and water uptake.

    PubMed

    Baille, Wilms E; Malveau, Cédric; Zhu, Xiao Xia; Marchessault, Robert H

    2002-01-01

    Pharmaceutical tablets made of modified high-amylose starch have a hydrophilic polymer matrix into which water can penetrate with time to form a hydrogel. Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging was used to study the water penetration and the swelling of the matrix of these tablets. The tablets immersed in water were imaged at different time intervals on a 300 MHz NMR spectrometer. Radial images show clearly the swelling of the tablets and the water concentration profile. The rate constants for water diffusion and the tablet swelling were extracted from the experimental data. The water diffusion process was found to follow case II kinetics at 25 degrees C. NMR imaging also provided spin density profiles of the water penetrating inside the tablets.

  17. CF6 jet engine performance improvement: New fan

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fasching, W. A.

    1980-01-01

    As part of the NASA sponsored engine component improvement program, and fan package was developed to reduce fuel consumption in current CF6 turbofan aircraft engine. The new fan package consist of an improved fan blade, reduced fan tip clearance due to a fan case stiffener, and a smooth fan casing tip shroud. CF6 engine performance and acoustic tests demonstrated the predicted 1.8% improvement in cruise sfc without an increase in engine noise. Power management thrust/fan speed characteristics were defined. Mechanical and structural integrity was demonstrated in model fan rotor photoelastic stress tests, full-size fan blade bench fatigue tests, and CF6 engine bird ingestion, crosswind, and cyclic endurance tests. The fan was certified in the CF6-500c2/E2 engines and is in commerical service on the Boeing 747-200, Douglas DC-10-30, and Atrbus industrie A300B aircraft.

  18. High Temperature Solar Reflector, Its Preparation and Use

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jaworske, Donald A. (Inventor)

    1999-01-01

    A coating-substrate combination having high specular reflectivity at high temperatures reaching 8000 C in a vacuum is described. The substrate comprises pure nickel metal or a nickel-containing metal alloy such as stainless steel having a highly polished reflective surface. The coating is a layer of silver deposited on the substrate to a thickness of 300 A to 3000 A. A 300 A to 5000 A protective coating of silica, alumina or magnesium fluoride is used to cover the silver and to protect it from oxidation. The combination is useful as a parabolic shaped secondary concentrator for collecting solar radiation for generating power or thermal energy for satellite uses. The reflective layer and protective coating preferably are applied to the reflective surface of the substrate by electron beam evaporation or by ion sputtering.

  19. The role of fiber and matrix in crash energy absorption of composite materials

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Farley, G. L.; Bird, R. K.; Modlin, J. T.

    1986-01-01

    Static crushing tests were conducted on tube specimens fabricated from graphite/epoxy, Kevlar/epoxy and hybrid combinations of graphite-Kevlar/epoxy to examine the influence the fiber and matrix constitutive properties and laminate architecture have on energy absorption. Fiber and matrix ultimate failure strain were determined to significantly effect energy absorption. The energy absorption capability of high ultimate failure strain materials (AS-6/F185 and AS-6/HST-7) was less than materials having lower ultimate failure strain. Lamina stacking sequence had up to a 300 percent change in energy absorption for the materials tested. Hybridizing with graphite and Kevlar reinforcements resulted in materials with high energy absorption capabilities that have postcrushing integrity.

  20. The Raffaello, a Multi-Purpose Logistics Module, arrives at KSC aboard a Beluga super transporter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    An Airbus Industrie A300-600ST 'Beluga' Super Transporter touches down at the Shuttle Landing Facility to deliver its cargo, the second Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM) for the International Space Station (ISS). One of Italy's major contributions to the ISS program, the MPLM, named Raffaello, is a reusable logistics carrier and the primary delivery system used to resupply and return station cargo requiring a pressurized environment. Weighing nearly 4.5 tons, the module measures 21 feet long and 15 feet in diameter. Raffaello will join Leonardo, the first Italian-built MPLM, in the Space Station Processing Facility for testing. NASA, Boeing, the Italian Space Agency and Alenia Aerospazio will provide engineering support.

  1. Seeing Stars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kitchin, Chris; Forrest, Robert W.

    Seeing Stars is written for astronomers, regardless of the depth of their theoretical knowledge, who are taking their first steps in observational astronomy. Chris Kitchin and Bob Forrest - both professional astronomers - take a conducted tour of the night sky and suggest suitable observing programmes for everyone from beginners to experts. How is this book different? We are all familiar with the beautiful images of planets and galaxies obtained by spacecraft and giant telescopes - but what can you really see with a small telescope? What should you expect from a small refractor or reflector? And what is the effect of observing from a site near a city? The answers are all here, with many photographs that will illustrate exactly what can be seen with different instruments (everything from the naked eye to a 300mm telescope) - and from different locations.

  2. Wall structure and material properties cause viscous damping of swimbladder sounds in the oyster toadfish Opsanus tau

    PubMed Central

    King, Terrence L.; Ali, Heba; Sidker, Nehan; Cameron, Timothy M.

    2016-01-01

    Despite rapid damping, fish swimbladders have been modelled as underwater resonant bubbles. Recent data suggest that swimbladders of sound-producing fishes use a forced rather than a resonant response to produce sound. The reason for this discrepancy has not been formally addressed, and we demonstrate, for the first time, that the structure of the swimbladder wall will affect vibratory behaviour. Using the oyster toadfish Opsanus tau, we find regional differences in bladder thickness, directionality of collagen layers (anisotropic bladder wall structure), material properties that differ between circular and longitudinal directions (stress, strain and Young's modulus), high water content (80%) of the bladder wall and a 300-fold increase in the modulus of dried tissue. Therefore, the swimbladder wall is a viscoelastic structure that serves to damp vibrations and impart directionality, preventing the expression of resonance. PMID:27798293

  3. Dual band sensitivity enhancements of a VO(x) microbolometer array using a patterned gold black absorber.

    PubMed

    Smith, Evan M; Panjwani, Deep; Ginn, James; Warren, Andrew P; Long, Christopher; Figuieredo, Pedro; Smith, Christian; Nath, Janardan; Perlstein, Joshua; Walter, Nick; Hirschmugl, Carol; Peale, Robert E; Shelton, David

    2016-03-10

    Infrared-absorbing gold black has been selectively patterned onto the active surfaces of a vanadium-oxide-based infrared bolometer array. Patterning by metal lift-off relies on protection of the fragile gold black with an evaporated oxide, which preserves much of gold black's high absorptance. This patterned gold black also survives the dry-etch removal of the sacrificial polyimide used to fabricate the air-bridge bolometers. For our fabricated devices, infrared responsivity is improved 22% in the long-wave IR and 70% in the mid-wave IR by the gold black coating, with no significant change in detector noise, using a 300°C blackbody and 80 Hz chopping rate. The increase in the time constant caused by the additional mass of gold black is ∼15%.

  4. Graphene as a transparent electrode for amorphous silicon-based solar cells

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vaianella, F.; Rosolen, G.; Maes, B.

    2015-06-01

    The properties of graphene in terms of transparency and conductivity make it an ideal candidate to replace indium tin oxide (ITO) in a transparent conducting electrode. However, graphene is not always as good as ITO for some applications, due to a non-negligible absorption. For amorphous silicon photovoltaics, we have identified a useful case with a graphene-silica front electrode that improves upon ITO. For both electrode technologies, we simulate the weighted absorption in the active layer of planar amorphous silicon-based solar cells with a silver back-reflector. The graphene device shows a significantly increased absorbance compared to ITO-based cells for a large range of silicon thicknesses (34.4% versus 30.9% for a 300 nm thick silicon layer), and this result persists over a wide range of incidence angles.

  5. A Noise and Emissions Assessment of the N3-X Transport

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Berton, Jeffrey J.; Haller, William J.

    2014-01-01

    Analytical predictions of certification noise and exhaust emissions for NASA's N3-X - a notional, hybrid wingbody airplane - are presented in this paper. The N3-X is a 300-passenger concept transport propelled by an array of fans distributed spanwise near the trailing edge of the wingbody. These fans are driven by electric motors deriving power from twin generators driven by turboshaft engines. Turboelectric distributed hybrid propulsion has the potential to dramatically increase the propulsive efficiency of aircraft. The noise and exhaust emission estimates presented here are generated using NASA's conceptual design systems analysis tools with several key modifications to accommodate this unconventional architecture. These tools predict certification noise and the emissions of oxides of nitrogen by leveraging data generated from a recent analysis of the N3-X propulsion system.

  6. Spaceborne CO2 laser communications systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mcelroy, J. H.; Mcavoy, N.; Johnson, E. H.; Goodwin, F. E.; Peyton, B. J.

    1975-01-01

    Projections of the growth of earth-sensing systems for the latter half of the 1980's show a data transmission requirement of 300 Mbps and above. Mission constraints and objectives lead to the conclusion that the most efficient technique to return the data from the sensing satellite to a ground station is through a geosynchronous data relay satellite. Of the two links that are involved (sensing satellite to relay satellite and relay satellite to ground), a laser system is most attractive for the space-to-space link. The development of CO2 laser systems for space-to-space applications is discussed with the completion of a 300 Mpbs data relay receiver and its modification into a transceiver. The technology and state-of-the-art of such systems are described in detail.

  7. AlN-based piezoelectric micromachined ultrasonic transducer for photoacoustic imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Bingzhang; Chu, Futong; Liu, Xingzhao; Li, Yanrong; Rong, Jian; Jiang, Huabei

    2013-07-01

    We report on the fabrication of a piezoelectric micromachined ultrasonic transducer (pMUT) and its application to photoacoustic imaging. With c-axis orientation, AlN was grown on a 300 nm-thick SiO2 film and a 200 nm-thick bottom electrode at room temperature. The device consists of SiO2, bottom electrode, AlN films, upper electrode, and polyimide protective layer. An area ratio of 0.45 was used between the upper electrode and the vibration area of the pMUT to provide an optimal sensitivity of transducer. Its resonant frequency was measured to be 2.885 MHz, and the coupling coefficient in the range of 2.38%-3.71%. The fabricated pMUT was integrated with a photoacoustic imaging system and photoacoustic image of a phantom was obtained. The resolution of the system was measured to be about 240 μm.

  8. Aerobic treatment of swine manure to enhance anaerobic digestion and microalgal cultivation.

    PubMed

    Bekoe, Dominic; Wang, Lijun; Zhang, Bo; Scott Todd, Matthew; Shahbazi, Abolghasem

    2018-02-01

    Aerobic treatment of swine manure was coupled with anaerobic digestion and microalgal cultivation. A 14-day aerobic treatment reduced the total solid content of swine manure by >15%. Ammonia and carbon dioxide were stripped by the air supplied, and this off-gas was further used to aerate the culture of Chlorella vulgaris. The microalgal growth rates in Bristol medium and the wastewater with the off-gas increased from 0.08 to 0.22 g/L/d and from 0.15 to 0.24 g/L/d, respectively. Meanwhile, the aerobically treated swine manure showed a higher methane yield during anaerobic digestion. The experimental results were used to establish a demonstration unit consisting of a 100 L composter, a 200 L anaerobic digester, a 60 L tubular photobioreactor, and a 300 L micro-open raceway pond.

  9. The Raffaello, a Multi-Purpose Logistics Module, arrives at KSC aboard a Beluga super transporter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    An Airbus Industrie A300-600ST 'Beluga' Super Transporter lands in the rain at the Shuttle Landing Facility to deliver its cargo, the second Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM) for the International Space Station (ISS). One of Italy's major contributions to the ISS program, the MPLM, named Raffaello, is a reusable logistics carrier and the primary delivery system used to resupply and return station cargo requiring a pressurized environment. Weighing nearly 4.5 tons, the module measures 21 feet long and 15 feet in diameter. Raffaello will join Leonardo, the first Italian-built MPLM, in the Space Station Processing Facility for testing. NASA, Boeing, the Italian Space Agency and Alenia Aerospazio will provide engineering support.

  10. Raffaello is offloaded from a Beluga super transporter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    At the Shuttle Landing Facility, the one-piece, upward-hinged main cargo door of the Airbus Industrie A300-600ST 'Beluga' Super Transporter is open to offload its cargo, the second Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM) for the International Space Station (ISS). One of Italy's major contributions to the ISS program, the MPLM, named Raffaello, is a reusable logistics carrier and the primary delivery system used to resupply and return station cargo requiring a pressurized environment. Weighing nearly 4.5 tons, the module measures 21 feet long and 15 feet in diameter. Raffaello will join Leonardo, the first Italian-built MPLM, in the Space Station Processing Facility for testing. NASA, Boeing, the Italian Space Agency and Alenia Aerospazio will provide engineering support.

  11. The Raffaello, a Multi-Purpose Logistics Module, arrives at KSC aboard a Beluga super transporter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    An Airbus Industrie A300-600ST 'Beluga' Super Transporter is reflected in the rain puddles as it comes to a stop at the Shuttle Landing Facility. The Beluga is carrying the Raffaello, the second Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM) for the International Space Station (ISS). One of Italy's major contributions to the ISS program, the MPLM is a reusable logistics carrier and the primary delivery system used to resupply and return station cargo requiring a pressurized environment. Weighing nearly 4.5 tons, the module measures 21 feet long and 15 feet in diameter. Raffaello will join Leonardo, the first Italian-built MPLM, in the Space Station Processing Facility for testing. NASA, Boeing, the Italian Space Agency and Alenia Aerospazio will provide engineering support.

  12. The Raffaello, a Multi-Purpose Logistics Module, arrives at KSC aboard a Beluga super transporter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    An Airbus Industrie A300-600ST 'Beluga' Super Transporter is reflected in the rain puddles as it taxis toward the mate/demate tower at the Shuttle Landing Facility. The Beluga is carrying the Raffaello, the second Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM) for the International Space Station (ISS). One of Italy's major contributions to the ISS program, the MPLM is a reusable logistics carrier and the primary delivery system used to resupply and return station cargo requiring a pressurized environment. Weighing nearly 4.5 tons, the module measures 21 feet long and 15 feet in diameter. Raffaello will join Leonardo, the first Italian-built MPLM, in the Space Station Processing Facility for testing. NASA, Boeing, the Italian Space Agency and Alenia Aerospazio will provide engineering support.

  13. Intracranial pressure increases during weightlessness: A parabolic flights study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Denise, P.; Normand, H.; Buzer, L.; Duretete, A.; Avan, P.

    2005-08-01

    The fluid shift induced by weightlessness likely induces an elevated intracranial pressure (ICP). This factor may contribute to space adaptation syndrome (SAS). Recently, it has been shown that ICP can be monitored every few seconds non invasively by otoacoustic emissions (OAE). The OAE of 6 subjects were measured along the course of parabolic flights aboard the zero-gravity A300 Airbus. Built-in noise rejection and signal processing techniques enabled valid OAE signals to be collected and analyzed online in 4 of 6 subjects. On average, the phase of 1 kHz- OAE rotated by -41° from 1 to 1.8 g, and by +78.7° at 0 g relative to 1 g. From reference invasive ICP measurements in a control group of neurosurgery patients, it is possible to infer that ICP increased by about 34 mmHg in transient weightlessness.

  14. Modulation and coding for satellite and space communications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yuen, Joseph H.; Simon, Marvin K.; Pollara, Fabrizio; Divsalar, Dariush; Miller, Warner H.; Morakis, James C.; Ryan, Carl R.

    1990-01-01

    Several modulation and coding advances supported by NASA are summarized. To support long-constraint-length convolutional code, a VLSI maximum-likelihood decoder, utilizing parallel processing techniques, which is being developed to decode convolutional codes of constraint length 15 and a code rate as low as 1/6 is discussed. A VLSI high-speed 8-b Reed-Solomon decoder which is being developed for advanced tracking and data relay satellite (ATDRS) applications is discussed. A 300-Mb/s modem with continuous phase modulation (CPM) and codings which is being developed for ATDRS is discussed. Trellis-coded modulation (TCM) techniques are discussed for satellite-based mobile communication applications.

  15. A high yield neutron target for cancer therapy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Alger, D. L.; Steinberg, R.

    1972-01-01

    A rotating target was developed that has the potential for providing an initial yield of 10 to the 13th power neutrons per second by the T(d,n)He-4 reaction, and a useable lifetime in excess of 600 hours. This yield and lifetime are indicated for a 300 Kv and 30 mA deuteron accelerator and a 30 microns thick titanium tritide film formed of the stoichiometric compound TiT2. The potential for extended lifetime is made possible by incorporating a sputtering electrode that permits use of titanium tritide thicknesses much greater than the deuteron range. The electrode is used to remove in situ depleted titanium layers to expose fresh tritide beneath. The utilization of the rotating target as a source of fast neutrons for cancer therapy is discussed.

  16. The 300 mA SRF ERL

    SciTech Connect

    Ben-Zvi, Ilan

    Energy Recovery Linacs (ERL) are important for a variety of applications, from high-power Free-Electron Lasers (FEL) to polarized-electron polarized-proton colliders. The ERL current is arguably the most important characteristic of ERLs for such applications. With that in mind, the Collider-Accelerator Department at Brookhaven National Laboratory embarked on the development of a 300 mA ERL to serve as an R and D test-bed for high-current ERL technologies. These include high-current, extremely well damped superconducting accelerating cavities, high-current superconducting laser-photocathode electron guns and high quantum-efficiency photocathodes. In this presentation I will cover these ERL related developments.

  17. Target assembly

    DOEpatents

    Lewis, Richard A.

    1980-01-01

    A target for a proton beam which is capable of generating neutrons for absorption in a breeding blanket includes a plurality of solid pins formed of a neutron emissive target material disposed parallel to the path of the beam and which are arranged axially in a plurality of layers so that pins in each layer are offset with respect to pins in all other layers, enough layers being used so that each proton in the beam will strike at least one pin with means being provided to cool the pins. For a 300 mA, 1 GeV beam (300 MW), stainless steel pins, 12 inches long and 0.23 inches in diameter are arranged in triangular array in six layers with one sixth of the pins in each layer, the number of pins being such that the entire cross sectional area of the beam is covered by the pins with minimum overlap of pins.

  18. Cross-sectional TEM specimen preparation for W/B{sub 4}C multilayer sample using FIB

    SciTech Connect

    Mondal, Puspen, E-mail: puspen@rrcat.gov.in; Pradhan, P. C.; Tiwari, Pragya

    2016-05-23

    A recent emergence of a cross-beam scanning electron microscopy (SEM)/focused-ion-beam (FIB) system have given choice to fabricate cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (TEM) specimen of thin film multilayer sample. A 300 layer pair thin film multilayer sample of W/B{sub 4}C was used to demonstrate the specimen lift-out technique in very short time as compared to conventional cross-sectional sample preparation technique. To get large area electron transparent sample, sample prepared by FIB is followed by Ar{sup +} ion polishing at 2 kV with grazing incident. The prepared cross-sectional sample was characterized by transmission electron microscope.

  19. Twin-induced phase transition from β-Ga2O3 to α-Ga2O3 in Ga2O3 thin films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Choi, Byeongdae; Allabergenov, Bunyod; Lyu, Hong-Kun; Lee, Seong Eui

    2018-06-01

    We deposited a 300-nm-thick Ga2O3 thin film on an amorphous SiO2/Si substrate via pulsed laser deposition. X-ray diffraction patterns revealed the formation of β-Ga2O3 phase at a substrate temperature of 700 °C. X-ray photoelectron spectra indicated that the degree of oxidation increased after annealing at 700 °C. Further annealings at higher temperatures led to a transition of the β-Ga2O3 phase to the α-Ga2O3 phase; this transition was caused by the twin structure formed during the crystallinity improvement process. In addition, we discuss the mechanism of the transition from the β phase to the α phase in the β-Ga2O3 thin films.

  20. MicroSPE-nanoLC-ESI-MS/MS Using 10-μm-i.d. Silica-Based Monolithic Columns for Proteomics

    SciTech Connect

    Luo, Quanzhou; Page, Jason S.; Tang, Keqi

    2007-01-01

    Silica-based monolithic narrow bore capillary columns (25 cm x 10 µm i.d.) with an integrated nanoESI emitter has been developed to provide high quality and robust microSPE-nanoLC-ESI-MS analyses. The integrated nanoESI emitter adds no dead volume to the LC separation, allowing stable electrospray performance to be obtained at flow rates of ~10 nL/min. In an initial application we identified 5510 unique peptides covering 1443 distinct Shewanella oneidensis proteins from a 300 ng tryptic digest sample in a single 4-h LC-MS/MS analysis using a linear ion trap MS (LTQ). We found the use of an integrated monolithic ESI emitter provided enhancedmore » resistance to clogging and good run-to-run reproducibility.« less

  1. RC64, a Rad-Hard Many-Core High- Performance DSP for Space Applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ginosar, Ran; Aviely, Peleg; Gellis, Hagay; Liran, Tuvia; Israeli, Tsvika; Nesher, Roy; Lange, Fredy; Dobkin, Reuven; Meirov, Henri; Reznik, Dror

    2015-09-01

    RC64, a novel rad-hard 64-core signal processing chip targets DSP performance of 75 GMACs (16bit), 150 GOPS and 38 single precision GFLOPS while dissipating less than 10 Watts. RC64 integrates advanced DSP cores with a multi-bank shared memory and a hardware scheduler, also supporting DDR2/3 memory and twelve 3.125 Gbps full duplex high speed serial links using SpaceFibre and other protocols. The programming model employs sequential fine-grain tasks and a separate task map to define task dependencies. RC64 is implemented as a 300 MHz integrated circuit on a 65nm CMOS technology, assembled in hermetically sealed ceramic CCGA624 package and qualified to the highest space standards.

  2. RC64, a Rad-Hard Many-Core High-Performance DSP for Space Applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ginosar, Ran; Aviely, Peleg; Liran, Tuvia; Alon, Dov; Mandler, Alberto; Lange, Fredy; Dobkin, Reuven; Goldberg, Miki

    2014-08-01

    RC64, a novel rad-hard 64-core signal processing chip targets DSP performance of 75 GMACs (16bit), 150 GOPS and 20 single precision GFLOPS while dissipating less than 10 Watts. RC64 integrates advanced DSP cores with a multi-bank shared memory and a hardware scheduler, also supporting DDR2/3 memory and twelve 2.5 Gbps full duplex high speed serial links using SpaceFibre and other protocols. The programming model employs sequential fine-grain tasks and a separate task map to define task dependencies. RC64 is implemented as a 300 MHz integrated circuit on a 65nm CMOS technology, assembled in hermetically sealed ceramic CCGA624 package and qualified to the highest space standards.

  3. Method to study the effect of blend flowability on the homogeneity of acetaminophen.

    PubMed

    Llusá, Marcos; Pingali, Kalyana; Muzzio, Fernando J

    2013-02-01

    Excipient selection is key to product development because it affects their processability and physical properties, which ultimately affect the quality attributes of the pharmaceutical product. To study how the flowability of lubricated formulations affects acetaminophen (APAP) homogeneity. The formulations studied here contain one of two types of cellulose (Avicel 102 or Ceollus KG-802), one of three grades of Mallinckrodt APAP (fine, semi-fine, or micronized), lactose (Fast-Flo) and magnesium stearate. These components are mixed in a 300-liter bin blender. Blend flowability is assessed with the Gravitational Displacement Rheometer. APAP homogeneity is assessed with off-line NIR. Excluding blends dominated by segregation, there is a trend between APAP homogeneity and blend flow index. Blend flowability is affected by the type of microcrystalline cellulose and by the APAP grade. The preliminary results suggest that the methodology used in this paper is adequate to study of the effect of blend flow index on APAP homogeneity.

  4. Indomethacin increases the formation of lipoxygenase products in calcium ionophore stimulated human neutrophils.

    PubMed

    Docherty, J C; Wilson, T W

    1987-10-29

    Arachidonic acid metabolism in human neutrophils stimulated in vitro with the calcium ionophore A23187 was studied using combined HPLC and radioimmunoassays. Indomethacin (0.1 and 1.0 microM) caused a 300% increase in LTB4 formation in neutrophils stimulated with A23187. 5-, 12- and 15-HETE levels were also increased. In the presence of exogenous arachidonic acid 1.0 microM Indomethacin caused a 37% increase in LTB4 formation. Acetyl Salicylic Acid and Ibuprofen had no effect on the formation of lipoxygenase metabolites. The effect of indomethacin on LTB4 formation does not appear to be due to a simple redirection of substrate arachidonic acid from the cyclooxygenase to the lipoxygenase pathways.

  5. High Input Voltage Discharge Supply for High Power Hall Thrusters Using Silicon Carbide Devices

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pinero, Luis R.; Scheidegger, Robert J.; Aulsio, Michael V.; Birchenough, Arthur G.

    2014-01-01

    A power processing unit for a 15 kW Hall thruster is under development at NASA Glenn Research Center. The unit produces up to 400 VDC with two parallel 7.5 kW discharge modules that operate from a 300 VDC nominal input voltage. Silicon carbide MOSFETs and diodes were used in this design because they were the best choice to handle the high voltage stress while delivering high efficiency and low specific mass. Efficiencies in excess of 97 percent were demonstrated during integration testing with the NASA-300M 20 kW Hall thruster. Electromagnet, cathode keeper, and heater supplies were also developed and will be integrated with the discharge supply into a vacuum-rated brassboard power processing unit with full flight functionality. This design could be evolved into a flight unit for future missions that requires high power electric propulsion.

  6. Positions of minor planets and Comet Panther (1980 u) obtained at the Chorzow Observatory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wlodarczyk, I.

    Photographic observations of 17 asteroids and Comet Panther were made between 1977 and 1982 with a 200/1000 mm photographic camera coupled to a 300/4500 mm refractor. The Turner method with the complete second-order polynomial was used to reduce the 16 x 16 cm ORWO ZU-2 plates that were obtained. The tabulated information for each asteroid and the comet include the number of the observation, the time of the observation in Universal Time, the topocentric position of the object referred to the mean epoch 1950.0, the dispersion in right ascension and declination, the duration of the exposure in minutes, and the symbol of the observer. Ten observers participated in the program.

  7. Toward athermal silicon-on-insulator (de)multiplexers in the O-band.

    PubMed

    Hassan, Karim; Sciancalepore, Corrado; Harduin, Julie; Ferrotti, Thomas; Menezo, Sylvie; Ben Bakir, Badhise

    2015-06-01

    We report on the design, fabrication, and characterization of a 1×4 silicon-on-insulator (SOI) demultiplexer exhibiting a significant reduction of its thermo-optical sensitivity in the O-band. The optical filtering is achieved by cascading several Mach-Zehnder interferometers (MZIs) fabricated on a 300-nm-thick SOI platform. Owing to an asymmetric design of the confinement for each MZIs, we found an athermal criterium that satisfies the spectral requirements. The thermal sensitivity of the structure is analyzed by a semi-analytical model in order to create an athermal multiplexer. Fiber-to-fiber thermo-optical testing reveals a thermal sensitivity of around 17  pm/°C reduced by 75% compared to the standard devices with promising performances for both the crosstalk (15 dB), the insertion losses (4 dB), and absolute lambda registration (<0.25  nm).

  8. A Molecular Dynamics Simulation of the Turbulent Couette Minimal Flow Unit

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, Edward

    2016-11-01

    What happens to turbulent motions below the Kolmogorov length scale? In order to explore this question, a 300 million molecule Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulation is presented for the minimal Couette channel in which turbulence can be sustained. The regeneration cycle and turbulent statistics show excellent agreement to continuum based computational fluid dynamics (CFD) at Re=400. As MD requires only Newton's laws and a form of inter-molecular potential, it captures a much greater range of phenomena without requiring the assumptions of Newton's law of viscosity, thermodynamic equilibrium, fluid isotropy or the limitation of grid resolution. The fundamental nature of MD means it is uniquely placed to explore the nature of turbulent transport. A number of unique insights from MD are presented, including energy budgets, sub-grid turbulent energy spectra, probability density functions, Lagrangian statistics and fluid wall interactions. EPSRC Post Doctoral Prize Fellowship.

  9. Large scale topography of Io

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gaskell, R. W.; Synnott, S. P.

    1987-01-01

    To investigate the large scale topography of the Jovian satellite Io, both limb observations and stereographic techniques applied to landmarks are used. The raw data for this study consists of Voyager 1 images of Io, 800x800 arrays of picture elements each of which can take on 256 possible brightness values. In analyzing this data it was necessary to identify and locate landmarks and limb points on the raw images, remove the image distortions caused by the camera electronics and translate the corrected locations into positions relative to a reference geoid. Minimizing the uncertainty in the corrected locations is crucial to the success of this project. In the highest resolution frames, an error of a tenth of a pixel in image space location can lead to a 300 m error in true location. In the lowest resolution frames, the same error can lead to an uncertainty of several km.

  10. Construction and measurements of an improved vacuum-swing-adsorption radon-mitigation system

    SciTech Connect

    Street, J., E-mail: joseph.street@mines.sdsmt.edu; Bunker, R.; Dunagan, C.

    In order to reduce backgrounds from radon-daughter plate-out onto detector surfaces, an ultra-low-radon cleanroom is being commissioned at the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology. An improved vacuum-swing-adsorption radon mitigation system and cleanroom build upon a previous design implemented at Syracuse University that achieved radon levels of ∼0.2 Bq m{sup −3}. This improved system will employ a better pump and larger carbon beds feeding a redesigned cleanroom with an internal HVAC unit and aged water for humidification. With the rebuilt (original) radon mitigation system, the new low-radon cleanroom has already achieved a > 300× reduction from an input activitymore » of 58.6 ± 0.7 Bq m{sup −3} to a cleanroom activity of 0.13 ± 0.06 Bq m{sup −3}.« less

  11. Construction and measurements of an improved vacuum-swing-adsorption radon-mitigation system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Street, J.; Bunker, R.; Dunagan, C.; Loose, X.; Schnee, R. W.; Stark, M.; Sundarnath, K.; Tronstad, D.

    2015-08-01

    In order to reduce backgrounds from radon-daughter plate-out onto detector surfaces, an ultra-low-radon cleanroom is being commissioned at the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology. An improved vacuum-swing-adsorption radon mitigation system and cleanroom build upon a previous design implemented at Syracuse University that achieved radon levels of ˜0.2 Bq m-3. This improved system will employ a better pump and larger carbon beds feeding a redesigned cleanroom with an internal HVAC unit and aged water for humidification. With the rebuilt (original) radon mitigation system, the new low-radon cleanroom has already achieved a > 300× reduction from an input activity of 58.6 ± 0.7 Bq m-3 to a cleanroom activity of 0.13 ± 0.06 Bq m-3.

  12. Radon Mitigation for the SuperCDMS-SNOLAB Dark Matter Experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Street, Joseph; SuperCDMS Collaboration

    2016-03-01

    Experiments that seek to detect very rare processes, such as interactions of the dark matter particles thought to make up 85% of the mass of the universe, may suffer background interactions from radon daughters that have plated out onto detector surfaces. To reduce these backgrounds, an ultra-low-radon cleanroom was built at the South Dakota School of Mines & Technology. Cleanroom air is supplied by an optimized vacuum-swing-adsorption radon mitigation system that has achieved a > 300 × reduction from an input activity of 58.6 +/- 0.7 Bq/m3 to a cleanroom activity of 0.13 +/- 0.06 Bq/m3. Expected backgrounds due to radon daughters for the SuperCDMS dark matter search will be presented.

  13. Experiment of low resistance joints for the ITER correction coil.

    PubMed

    Liu, Huajun; Wu, Yu; Wu, Weiyue; Liu, Bo; Shi, Yi; Guo, Shuai

    2013-01-01

    A test method was designed and performed to measure joint resistance of the ITER correction coil (CC) in liquid helium (LHe) temperature. A 10 kA superconducting transformer was manufactured to provide the joints current. The transformer consisted of two concentric layer-wound superconducting solenoids. NbTi superconducting wire was wound in the primary coil and the ITER CC conductor was wound in the secondary coil. The primary and the secondary coils were both immersed in liquid helium of a 300 mm useful bore diameter cryostat. Two ITER CC joints were assembled in the secondary loop and tested. The current of the secondary loop was ramped to 9 kA in several steps. The two joint resistances were measured to be 1.2 nΩ and 1.65 nΩ, respectively.

  14. The application of ERTS-1 data to the land use planning process. [Wisconsin

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clapp, J. L.; Kiefer, R. W.; Kuhlmey, E. L.; Niemann, B. J., Jr.

    1974-01-01

    Land resource data has been extracted on a percent of cell basis from ERTS imagery, RB-57 color infrared imagery and best available conventional sources for a 10,000 square kilometer test area in eastern Wisconsin. First, the data from the three sources is compared on a spatial basis for a 300 square kilometer portion of the test area. For those land resource variables associated with cover, ERTS derived resource data compared favorably with both the RB-57 and conventional data. Second, the effect of the data source on land use decisions is examined. Three interstate highway corridors are located through the same region based upon data extracted from each of the three sources. A policy of preserving natural environmental systems was used as a basis for the corridors selection in each case. The resulting three corridors compare favorably.

  15. Leveraging data to systematically improve care: coronary artery disease management at Geisinger.

    PubMed

    Graf, Thomas; Erskine, Alistair; Steele, Glenn D

    2014-01-01

    Coronary artery disease is complex chronic disease best managed by a team empowered by actionable data and a comprehensive approach, the ability to improve intermediate outcomes was dramatically enhanced after Geisinger created a system of care to do so. Continuous measurement of critical data elements of process and intermediate outcome measures allows the delivery of actionable information to the most appropriate team member, including the patients and family as team members. Continuous monitoring of the overall program looking for trends and opportunities across sites and regions allows for program enhancements. The comprehensive "all-or-none" bundled approach to care, which has already realized a 300% improvement, will be further enhanced by incorporating additional "Big Data" flows.

  16. Using the Medipix3 detector for direct electron imaging in the range 60 keV to 200 keV in electron microscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mir, J. A.; Plackett, R.; Shipsey, I.; dos Santos, J. M. F.

    2017-11-01

    Hybrid pixel sensor technology such as the Medipix3 represents a unique tool for electron imaging. We have investigated its performance as a direct imaging detector using a Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) which incorporated a Medipix3 detector with a 300 μm thick silicon layer compromising of 256×256 pixels at 55 μm pixel pitch. We present results taken with the Medipix3 in Single Pixel Mode (SPM) with electron beam energies in the range, 60-200 keV . Measurements of the Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) and the Detective Quantum Efficiency (DQE) were investigated. At a given beam energy, the MTF data was acquired by deploying the established knife edge technique. Similarly, the experimental data required to determine DQE was obtained by acquiring a stack of images of a focused beam and of free space (flatfield) to determine the Noise Power Spectrum (NPS).

  17. A small size 1-3 atm pulsed CO2 laser with series-connected spark gaps ultraviolet preionization.

    PubMed

    Silakhori, K; Jelvani, S; Ghanavati, F; Sajad, B; Talebi, M; Sadr, M R

    2014-01-01

    A small size pulsed CO2 laser with rounded edge flat profiled electrodes and variable gas pressure in 1-3 atm range has been constructed and characterized. The perionization system consists of a pair of 16 series-connected spark gaps located along either side of the main electrodes by which, the number of required preionization capacitors is reduced to 4. Sharpening of the main discharge has been performed using a 300 pF peaking capacitor. A maximum energy of 160 mJ/pulse was obtained for CO2:N2:He≡1:1:8 gas mixture and 33 kV discharge voltage. By increasing the laser gas pressure in 1-3 atm range, the duration of spike and tail parts of the laser pulses have been reduced from 110 ns and 4 μs to 37 ns and 1 μs, respectively.

  18. Tritium in water vapor in the shallow unsaturated zone at the Amargosa Desert Research Site

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Healy, Richard W.; Striegl, Robert G.; Michel, Robert L.; Prudic, David E.; Andraski, Brian J.; Morganwalp, David W.; Buxton, Herbert T.

    1999-01-01

    Samples of water vapor in soil gas were obtained at the U.S. Geological Survey's Amargosa Desert Research Site in 1997 and 1998 from a depth of 1.5 m (meters) within a 300 m by 300 m grid that lies immediately to the south and west of a low-level radioactive-waste disposal site. The gas samples were analyzed for tritium. Fifty-eight samples were collected in May 1997; 61 samples were collected in June 1998. Measured tritium concentrations ranged from 16 ± 9 TU (tritium units) to 36,900 ± 300 TU in 1997, and from 6 ± 6 TU to 37,360 ± 450 TU in 1998. Concentrations decreased from northeast to southwest across the grid. In general, there was very little difference in tritium concentrations between the two sampling periods.

  19. Vertical profiles of the 3-D wind velocity retrieved from multiple wind lidars performing triple range-height-indicator scans

    DOE PAGES

    Debnath, Mithu; Iungo, G. Valerio; Ashton, Ryan; ...

    2017-02-06

    Vertical profiles of 3-D wind velocity are retrieved from triple range-height-indicator (RHI) scans performed with multiple simultaneous scanning Doppler wind lidars. This test is part of the eXperimental Planetary boundary layer Instrumentation Assessment (XPIA) campaign carried out at the Boulder Atmospheric Observatory. The three wind velocity components are retrieved and then compared with the data acquired through various profiling wind lidars and high-frequency wind data obtained from sonic anemometers installed on a 300 m meteorological tower. The results show that the magnitude of the horizontal wind velocity and the wind direction obtained from the triple RHI scans are generally retrieved withmore » good accuracy. Furthermore, poor accuracy is obtained for the evaluation of the vertical velocity, which is mainly due to its typically smaller magnitude and to the error propagation connected with the data retrieval procedure and accuracy in the experimental setup.« less

  20. Cyclotron autoresonant accelerator for electron beam dry scrubbing of flue gases

    SciTech Connect

    LaPointe, M.A.; Hirshfield, J.L.; Hirshfield, J.L.

    1999-06-01

    Design and construction is underway for a novel rf electron accelerator for electron beam dry scrubbing (EBDS) of flue gases emanating from fossil-fuel burners. This machine, a cyclotron autoresonance accelerator (CARA), has already shown itself capable of converting rf power to electron beam power with efficiency values as high as 96{percent}. This proof-of-principle experiment will utilize a 300 kV, 33 A Pierce type electron gun and up to 24 MW of available rf power at 2.856 GHz to produce 1.0 MeV, 33 MW electron beam pulses. The self-scanning conical beam from the high power CARA will be evaluated for EBDSmore » and other possible environmental applications. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}« less

  1. Cyclotron autoresonant accelerator for electron beam dry scrubbing of flue gases

    SciTech Connect

    LaPointe, M. A.; Hirshfield, J. L.; Department of Physics, Yale University, P.O. Box 208124, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8124

    1999-06-10

    Design and construction is underway for a novel rf electron accelerator for electron beam dry scrubbing (EBDS) of flue gases emanating from fossil-fuel burners. This machine, a cyclotron autoresonance accelerator (CARA), has already shown itself capable of converting rf power to electron beam power with efficiency values as high as 96%. This proof-of-principle experiment will utilize a 300 kV, 33 A Pierce type electron gun and up to 24 MW of available rf power at 2.856 GHz to produce 1.0 MeV, 33 MW electron beam pulses. The self-scanning conical beam from the high power CARA will be evaluated for EBDSmore » and other possible environmental applications.« less

  2. Ballistic Mercury orbiter mission via Venus and Mercury gravity assists

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yen, Chen-Wan Liu

    1989-09-01

    This paper shows that it is possible to deliver a payload of 600 to 2000 kg to a 300-km circular orbit at Mercury, using the presently available NASA STS and a single-stage bipropellant chemical rocket. This superior payload performance is attained by swingbys of Venus, plus more importantly, the use of the reverse Delta-V/EGA process. In contrast to the familiar Delta-V/EGA process used to boost the launch energy by returning to earth for a gravity assist, the reverse process reduces the Mercury approach energy each time a spacecraft makes a near-resonant return to Mercury for a gravity assist and reduces the orbit-capture Delta-V requirement. The mission sequences for such high-performance missions are described, and example mission opportunities for the years 1990 to 2010 are presented.

  3. Electromagnetic coupling to centimeter-scale mechanical membrane resonators via RF cylindrical cavities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martinez, Luis A.; Castelli, Alessandro R.; Delmas, William; Sharping, Jay E.; Chiao, Raymond

    2016-11-01

    We present experimental and theoretical results for the excitation of a mechanical oscillator via radiation pressure with a room-temperature system employing a relatively low-(Q) centimeter-size mechanical oscillator coupled to a relatively low-Q standard three-dimensional radio-frequency (RF) cavity resonator. We describe the forces giving rise to optomechanical coupling using the Maxwell stress tensor and show that nanometer-scale displacements are possible and experimentally observable. The experimental system is composed of a 35 mm diameter silicon nitride membrane sputtered with a 300 nm gold conducting film and attached to the end of a RF copper cylindrical cavity. The RF cavity is operated in its {{TE}}011 mode and amplitude modulated on resonance with the fundamental drum modes of the membrane. Membrane motion is monitored using an unbalanced, non-zero optical path difference, optically filtered Michelson interferometer capable of measuring sub-nanometer displacements.

  4. High power high repetition rate VCSEL array side-pumped pulsed blue laser

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van Leeuwen, Robert; Zhao, Pu; Chen, Tong; Xu, Bing; Watkins, Laurence; Seurin, Jean-Francois; Xu, Guoyang; Miglo, Alexander; Wang, Qing; Ghosh, Chuni

    2013-03-01

    High power, kW-class, 808 nm pump modules based on the vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) technology were developed for side-pumping of solid-state lasers. Two 1.2 kW VCSEL pump modules were implemented in a dual side-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser operating at 946 nm. The laser output was frequency doubled in a BBO crystal to produce pulsed blue light. With 125 μs pump pulses at a 300 Hz repetition rate 6.1 W QCW 946 nm laser power was produced. The laser power was limited by thermal lensing in the Nd:YAG rod.

  5. Probing the X-ray Emission from the Massive Star Cluster Westerlund 2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lopez, Laura

    2017-09-01

    We propose a 300 ks Chandra ACIS-I observation of the massive star cluster Westerlund 2 (Wd2). This region is teeming with high-energy emission from a variety of sources: colliding wind binaries, OB and Wolf-Rayet stars, two young pulsars, and an unidentified source of very high-energy (VHE) gamma-rays. Our Chandra program is designed to achieve several goals: 1) to take a complete census of Wd2 X-ray point sources and monitor variability; 2) to probe the conditions of the colliding winds in the binary WR 20a; 3) to search for an X-ray counterpart of the VHE gamma-rays; 4) to identify diffuse X-ray emission; 5) to compare results to other massive star clusters observed by Chandra. Only Chandra has the spatial resolution and sensitivity necessary for our proposed analyses.

  6. The Ascent of Olympus - An Everest Anniversary Perspective

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cockell, C. S.

    Olympus Mons, at 21,183 m above the Mars gravitational equipotential, stands just under 2.5 times the height of Mount Everest. Symbolically, as the highest construct in the Solar System, it is the most important feature to be climbed. Despite its powerful symbolism, the mountain presents one of the most tedious long distance expeditions on Mars - a ~300 km journey up a near constant 5 degree slope. Only at the beginning and the end of the expedition do the scarp and caldera cliffs present impressive climbs. In almost all respects Olympus presents environmental challenges much worse than Everest, apart from the lack of fatal storms, perhaps the only environmental factor in which Olympus is an improvement. Similarly to Everest, Olympus presents scien- tific questions of immense interest. In this mini-review I compare Olympus and Everest as exploratory and scientific challenges.

  7. Images of the laser entrance hole from the static x-ray imager at NIF.

    PubMed

    Schneider, M B; Jones, O S; Meezan, N B; Milovich, J L; Town, R P; Alvarez, S S; Beeler, R G; Bradley, D K; Celeste, J R; Dixit, S N; Edwards, M J; Haugh, M J; Kalantar, D H; Kline, J L; Kyrala, G A; Landen, O L; MacGowan, B J; Michel, P; Moody, J D; Oberhelman, S K; Piston, K W; Pivovaroff, M J; Suter, L J; Teruya, A T; Thomas, C A; Vernon, S P; Warrick, A L; Widmann, K; Wood, R D; Young, B K

    2010-10-01

    The static x-ray imager at the National Ignition Facility is a pinhole camera using a CCD detector to obtain images of Hohlraum wall x-ray drive illumination patterns seen through the laser entrance hole (LEH). Carefully chosen filters, combined with the CCD response, allow recording images in the x-ray range of 3-5 keV with 60 μm spatial resolution. The routines used to obtain the apparent size of the backlit LEH and the location and intensity of beam spots are discussed and compared to predictions. A new soft x-ray channel centered at 870 eV (near the x-ray peak of a 300 eV temperature ignition Hohlraum) is discussed.

  8. The Conference on High Temperature Electronics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hamilton, D. J.; McCormick, J. B.; Kerwin, W. J.; Narud, J. A.

    The status of and directions for high temperature electronics research and development were evaluated. Major objectives were to (1) identify common user needs; (2) put into perspective the directions for future work; and (3) address the problem of bringing to practical fruition the results of these efforts. More than half of the presentations dealt with materials and devices, rather than circuits and systems. Conference session titles and an example of a paper presented in each session are (1) User requirements: High temperature electronics applications in space explorations; (2) Devices: Passive components for high temperature operation; (3) Circuits and systems: Process characteristics and design methods for a 300 degree QUAD or AMP; and (4) Packaging: Presently available energy supply for high temperature environment.

  9. Event Reconstruction Techniques in NOvA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baird, M.; Bian, J.; Messier, M.; Niner, E.; Rocco, D.; Sachdev, K.

    2015-12-01

    The NOvA experiment is a long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment utilizing the NuMI beam generated at Fermilab. The experiment will measure the oscillations within a muon neutrino beam in a 300 ton Near Detector located underground at Fermilab and a functionally-identical 14 kiloton Far Detector placed 810 km away. The detectors are liquid scintillator tracking calorimeters with a fine-grained cellular structure that provides a wealth of information for separating the different particle track and shower topologies. Each detector has its own challenges with the Near Detector seeing multiple overlapping neutrino interactions in each event and the Far Detector having a large background of cosmic rays due to being located on the surface. A series of pattern recognition techniques have been developed to go from event records, to spatially and temporally separating individual interactions, to vertexing and tracking, and particle identification. This combination of methods to achieve the full event reconstruction will be discussed.

  10. Nano-lithographically fabricated titanium dioxide based visible frequency three dimensional gap photonic crystal.

    PubMed

    Subramania, Ganapathi; Lee, Yun-Ju; Brener, Igal; Luk, Ting-Shan; Clem, Paul G

    2007-10-01

    Photonic crystals (PC) have emerged as important types of structures for light manipulation. Ultimate control of light is possible by creating PCs with a complete three dimensional (3D) gap [1, 2]. This has proven to be a considerable challenge in the visible and ultraviolet frequencies mainly due to complications in integrating transparent, high refractive index (n) materials with fabrication techniques to create ~ 100nm features with long range translational order. In this letter, we demonstrate a nano-lithography approach based on a multilevel electron beam direct write and physical vapor deposition, to fabricate four-layer titania woodpile PCs that potentially exhibit complete 3D gap at visible wavelengths. We achieved a short wavelength bandedge of 525nm with a 300nm lattice constant PC. Due to the nanoscale precision and capability for defect control, the nanolithography approach represents an important step toward novel visible photonic devices for lighting, lasers, sensing and biophotonics.

  11. Environmental technology demonstrations involving explosives contamination at the Volunteer Site

    SciTech Connect

    Walker, A.J.; Broder, M.F.; Jayne, E.A.

    1997-08-01

    Managed by the US Army Environmental Center, the Army`s test site at Volunteer Army Ammunition Plant encompasses a 300-acre area formerly used for batch production of TNT. Soil and groundwater contamination in the test area is well characterized. A network of monitoring wells and detailed information regarding the volume, location, and concentration of soil contamination is available to potential demonstrators. On-site field and laboratory support is provided by ICI Americas Incorporated, the facility`s operator. Four demonstrations have been conducted at the test site and several are scheduled for 1997. Preliminary findings from the four demonstrations discussed will be available sometimemore » in 1997.« less

  12. Fiber-Optic Pyrometer with Optically Powered Switch for Temperature Measurements

    PubMed Central

    Pérez-Prieto, Sandra; López-Cardona, Juan D.; Blanco, Enrique; Moreno-López, Jorge

    2018-01-01

    We report the experimental results on a new infrared fiber-optic pyrometer for very localized and high-speed temperature measurements ranging from 170 to 530 °C using low-noise photodetectors and high-gain transimpedance amplifiers with a single gain mode in the whole temperature range. We also report a shutter based on an optical fiber switch which is optically powered to provide a reference signal in an optical fiber pyrometer measuring from 200 to 550 °C. The tests show the potential of remotely powering via optical means a 300 mW power-hungry optical switch at a distance of 100 m, avoiding any electromagnetic interference close to the measuring point. PMID:29415477

  13. Fiber-Optic Pyrometer with Optically Powered Switch for Temperature Measurements.

    PubMed

    Vázquez, Carmen; Pérez-Prieto, Sandra; López-Cardona, Juan D; Tapetado, Alberto; Blanco, Enrique; Moreno-López, Jorge; Montero, David S; Lallana, Pedro C

    2018-02-06

    We report the experimental results on a new infrared fiber-optic pyrometer for very localized and high-speed temperature measurements ranging from 170 to 530 °C using low-noise photodetectors and high-gain transimpedance amplifiers with a single gain mode in the whole temperature range. We also report a shutter based on an optical fiber switch which is optically powered to provide a reference signal in an optical fiber pyrometer measuring from 200 to 550 °C. The tests show the potential of remotely powering via optical means a 300 mW power-hungry optical switch at a distance of 100 m, avoiding any electromagnetic interference close to the measuring point.

  14. Storms and Moons

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2007-01-01

    The New Horizons Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) took this 2-millisecond exposure of Jupiter at 04:41:04 UTC on January 24, 2007. The spacecraft was 57 million kilometers (35.3 million miles) from Jupiter, closing in on the giant planet at 41,500 miles (66,790 kilometers) per hour. At right are the moons Io (bottom) and Ganymede; Ganymede's shadow creeps toward the top of Jupiter's northern hemisphere.

    Two of Jupiter's largest storms are visible; the Great Red Spot on the western (left) limb of the planet, trailing the Little Red Spot on the eastern limb, at slightly lower latitude. The Great Red Spot is a 300-year old storm more than twice the size of Earth. The Little Red Spot, which formed over the past decade from the merging of three smaller storms, is about half the size of its older and 'greater' counterpart.

  15. Genomic analysis reveals hidden biodiversity within colugos, the sister group to primates

    PubMed Central

    Mason, Victor C.; Li, Gang; Minx, Patrick; Schmitz, Jürgen; Churakov, Gennady; Doronina, Liliya; Melin, Amanda D.; Dominy, Nathaniel J.; Lim, Norman T-L.; Springer, Mark S.; Wilson, Richard K.; Warren, Wesley C.; Helgen, Kristofer M.; Murphy, William J.

    2016-01-01

    Colugos are among the most poorly studied mammals despite their centrality to resolving supraordinal primate relationships. Two described species of these gliding mammals are the sole living members of the order Dermoptera, distributed throughout Southeast Asia. We generated a draft genome sequence for a Sunda colugo and a Philippine colugo reference alignment, and used these to identify colugo-specific genetic changes that were enriched in sensory and musculoskeletal-related genes that likely underlie their nocturnal and gliding adaptations. Phylogenomic analysis and catalogs of rare genomic changes overwhelmingly support the contested hypothesis that colugos are the sister group to primates (Primatomorpha), to the exclusion of treeshrews. We captured ~140 kb of orthologous sequence data from colugo museum specimens sampled across their range and identified large genetic differences between many geographically isolated populations that may result in a >300% increase in the number of recognized colugo species. Our results identify conservation units to mitigate future losses of this enigmatic mammalian order. PMID:27532052

  16. Intramolecular transposition by a synthetic IS50 (Tn5) derivative

    SciTech Connect

    Tomcsanyi, T.; Phadnis, S.H.; Berg, D.E.

    1990-11-01

    We report the formation of deletions and inversions by intramolecular transposition of Tn5-derived mobile elements. The synthetic transposons used contained the IS50 O and I end segments and the transposase gene, a contraselectable gene encoding sucrose sensitivity (sacB), antibiotic resistance genes, and a plasmid replication origin. Both deletions and inversions were associated with loss of a 300-bp segment that is designated the vector because it is outside of the transposon. Deletions were severalfold more frequent than inversions, perhaps reflecting constraints on DNA twisting or abortive transposition. Restriction and DNA sequence analyses showed that both types of rearrangements extended from onemore » transposon end to many different sites in target DNA. In the case of inversions, transposition generated 9-bp direct repeats of target sequences.« less

  17. What gross weight and range for an advanced HSCT?

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Driver, Cornelius

    1992-01-01

    A review of studies conducted in 1986 indicates that a 300 passenger, 5500 nautical mile range aircraft should weigh less than 400,000 pounds. Some data from a British Aerospace Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) paper will be shown that purport to be an advanced Concorde that meets the range payload specifications at a gross weight of 360,000 pounds. Previous studies by Peter Coen of Langley Research Center support these results. The weight of a supersonic transport is important from the point of view of how much effort should be expended in developing lower sonic boom technologies. It is obvious that a 360,000 pound aircraft can be modified to a more acceptable boom level than a 700,000 pound one.

  18. Evaluation of hybrid inverters for strategic environmental research and development program applications

    SciTech Connect

    Ginn, J.W.

    1995-11-01

    The photovoltaic systems test facility at Sandia National Laboratories is evaluating the performance of large hybrid power-processing centers (PPC`s). The primary customer for this work has been the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) of the Department of Defense. One of the goals of SERDP is to develop power-processing hardware to be used in photovoltaic-hybrid power systems at remote military installations. Power for these installations is presently provided by engine-generators. Currently, hardware for twelve such sites is in various stages of procurement. The subject of this talk is testing of the PPC for the first SERDP system, a 300-kWmore » unit for Superior Valley, a US Navy site at China Lake, California.« less

  19. NOSS flight segment concept study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1979-01-01

    An 11 ft wide by 26.5 ft long flat structure weighing almost 14,469 pounds evolved during a low level, inhouse conceptual design study for a national oceanic satellite system spacecraft that would stow directly in the space shuttle. Following STS launch to a 300 Km mission orbit inclination, transfer will be effected to a 800 Km Sun synchronous circular orbit. The instrument completement includes 2 altimeters, 1 scatterometer, 1 large antenna multichannel microwave radiometer, and a coastal zone scanner. The spacecraft, its instruments, and interfaces with STS and TDRSS are described. The mission timeline, potential problem areas, system drivers, and recommended study areas are discussed. Drawings and system block diagrams are included.

  20. Cavity Quantum Acoustic Device in the Multimode Strong Coupling Regime

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moores, Bradley A.; Sletten, Lucas R.; Viennot, Jeremie J.; Lehnert, K. W.

    2018-06-01

    We demonstrate an acoustical analog of a circuit quantum electrodynamics system that leverages acoustic properties to enable strong multimode coupling in the dispersive regime while suppressing spontaneous emission to unconfined modes. Specifically, we fabricate and characterize a device that comprises a flux tunable transmon coupled to a 300 μ m long surface acoustic wave resonator. For some modes, the qubit-cavity coupling reaches 6.5 MHz, exceeding the cavity loss rate (200 kHz), qubit linewidth (1.1 MHz), and the cavity free spectral range (4.8 MHz), placing the device in both the strong coupling and strong multimode regimes. With the qubit detuned from the confined modes of the cavity, we observe that the qubit linewidth strongly depends on its frequency, as expected for spontaneous emission of phonons, and we identify operating frequencies where this emission rate is suppressed.

  1. Cavity Quantum Acoustic Device in the Multimode Strong Coupling Regime.

    PubMed

    Moores, Bradley A; Sletten, Lucas R; Viennot, Jeremie J; Lehnert, K W

    2018-06-01

    We demonstrate an acoustical analog of a circuit quantum electrodynamics system that leverages acoustic properties to enable strong multimode coupling in the dispersive regime while suppressing spontaneous emission to unconfined modes. Specifically, we fabricate and characterize a device that comprises a flux tunable transmon coupled to a 300  μm long surface acoustic wave resonator. For some modes, the qubit-cavity coupling reaches 6.5 MHz, exceeding the cavity loss rate (200 kHz), qubit linewidth (1.1 MHz), and the cavity free spectral range (4.8 MHz), placing the device in both the strong coupling and strong multimode regimes. With the qubit detuned from the confined modes of the cavity, we observe that the qubit linewidth strongly depends on its frequency, as expected for spontaneous emission of phonons, and we identify operating frequencies where this emission rate is suppressed.

  2. Improvement in the light sensitivity of the ultrahigh-speed high-sensitivity CCD with a microlens array

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hayashida, T.,; Yonai, J.; Kitamura, K.; Arai, T.; Kurita, T.; Tanioka, K.; Maruyama, H.; Etoh, T. Goji; Kitagawa, S.; Hatade, K.; Yamaguchi, T.; Takeuchi, H.; Iida, K.

    2008-02-01

    We are advancing the development of ultrahigh-speed, high-sensitivity CCDs for broadcast use that are capable of capturing smooth slow-motion videos in vivid colors even where lighting is limited, such as at professional baseball games played at night. We have already developed a 300,000 pixel, ultrahigh-speed CCD, and a single CCD color camera that has been used for sports broadcasts and science programs using this CCD. However, there are cases where even higher sensitivity is required, such as when using a telephoto lens during a baseball broadcast or a high-magnification microscope during science programs. This paper provides a summary of our experimental development aimed at further increasing the sensitivity of CCDs using the light-collecting effects of a microlens array.

  3. Measurement of temperature and pressure on the surface of a blunt cone using FBG sensor in hypersonic wind tunnel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prasad, A. S. Guru; Sharath, U.; Nagarjun, V.; Hegde, G. M.; Asokan, S.

    2013-09-01

    Measurement of temperature and pressure exerted on the leeward surface of a blunt cone specimen has been demonstrated in the present work in a hypersonic wind tunnel using fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors. The experiments were conducted on a 30° apex-angle blunt cone with 51 mm base diameter at wind flow speeds of Mach 6.5 and 8.35 in a 300 mm hypersonic wind tunnel of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. A special pressure insensitive temperature sensor probe along with the conventional bare FBG sensors was used for explicit temperature and aerodynamic pressure measurement respectively on the leeward surface of the specimen. computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation of the flow field around the blunt cone specimen has also been carried out to obtain the temperature and pressure at conditions analogous to experiments. The results obtained from FBG sensors and the CFD simulations are found to be in good agreement with each other.

  4. Photovoltaic power generation; Proceedings of the EC Contractors' Meeting, Hamburg, West Germany, July 12, 13, 1983

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Palz, W.

    Several operational examples of photovoltaic (PV) power generation systems in Europe are described. The systems include: a 300 kW power plant in Pellworm, West Germany; the Tremiti desalination plant in Tremiti, Italy; and the Kythnos PV power plant in Kythnos, Greece. Consideration is also given to a PV-powered swimming pool heating system in Chevretogne, Belgium; a rural electrification program using PV power plants in French Guyana; a solar-wind project on Terschelling Island, the Netherlands; and a PV power plant for hydrogen production and water pumping in Hoboken, Belgium. A 30-kW power station in Marchwood, England and the Nice airport survey and control system are also cited as examples of successful PV power generation systems.

  5. Modulating light propagation in ZnO-Cu₂O-inverse opal solar cells for enhanced photocurrents.

    PubMed

    Yantara, Natalia; Pham, Thi Thu Trang; Boix, Pablo P; Mathews, Nripan

    2015-09-07

    The advantages of employing an interconnected periodic ZnO morphology, i.e. an inverse opal structure, in electrodeposited ZnO/Cu2O devices are presented. The solar cells are fabricated using low cost solution based methods such as spin coating and electrodeposition. The impact of inverse opal geometry, mainly the diameter and thickness, is scrutinized. By employing 3 layers of an inverse opal structure with a 300 nm pore diameter, higher short circuit photocurrents (∼84% improvement) are observed; however the open circuit voltages decrease with increasing interfacial area. Optical simulation using a finite difference time domain method shows that the inverse opal structure modulates light propagation within the devices such that more photons are absorbed close to the ZnO/Cu2O junction. This increases the collection probability resulting in improved short circuit currents.

  6. Influence of the astrophysical requirements on dilution refrigerator design

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sirbi, Adriana; Pouilloux, Benjamin; Benoit, Alain; Lamarre, Jean-Michel

    1999-12-01

    A 300 K to 0.1 K space prototype is developed in cooperation with CRTBT, IAS Air Liquide and RAL, under CNES and ESA contracts, to demonstrate the feasibility of such a cooling system. The heart of the system is a 4 K to 0.1 K open cycle dilution refrigerator circulating 3He and 4He. All the tests are now completed. The design of this system is chosen like the nominal solution for PLANCK/HFI instrument. Since scientific requirements have changed, the design of the prototype has to be adjusted to receive the focal plane of HFI (High Frequency Instrument) instrument of PLANCK. The main goal is to optimise 3He consumption without degrading both mechanical and thermal performances. This paper presents the prototype architecture, the dilution refrigerator and the associated tests. The suitability to PLANCK mission is also assessed.

  7. i RadMat: A thermo-mechanical testing system for in situ high-energy X-ray characterization of radioactive specimens

    DOE PAGES

    Zhang, Xuan; Xu, Chi; Wang, Leyun; ...

    2017-01-27

    Here, we present an in situ Radiated Materials (iRadMat) experimental module designed to interface with a servo-hydraulic load frame for X-ray measurements at beamline 1-ID at the Advanced Photon Source. This new capability allows in situ studies of radioactive specimens subject to thermo-mechanical loading using a suite of high-energy X-ray scattering and imaging techniques. The iRadMat is a radiation-shielded vacuum heating system with the sample rotation-under-load capability. We describe the design features and performances of the iRadMat and present a dataset from a 300 °C uniaxial tensile test of a neutron-irradiated pure Fe specimen to demonstrate its capabilities.

  8. A Supersonic Business-Jet Concept Designed for Low Sonic Boom

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mack, Robert J.

    2003-01-01

    Ongoing human-response studies of sonic-boom noise indicated that a previous level of 1.0 psf might still be too annoying. This led to studies of a Supersonic Business Jet (SBJ), which might generate lower, more acceptable ground overpressures. To determine whether methods for designing a High Speed Civil Transport (HSCT) could be successfully applied, a SBJ concept was designed at the langley Research Center. It would cruise at Mach 2, carry 10 passengers for 4000 nautical miles, and generate a 0.50 psf or less on the ground under the flight path at start of cruise. Results indicated that a 10-passenger, low-boom SBJ design was just as technically demanding as a 300-passenger, low-boom HSCT design. In this report, the sources of these technical problems are identified, and ideas for addressing them are discussed.

  9. Kasei Vallis of Mars: Dating the Interplay of Tectonics and Geomorphology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wise, D. U.

    1985-01-01

    Crater density age dates on more than 250 small geomorphic surfaces in the Kasei Region of Mars show clusterings indicative of times of peak geomorphic and tectonic activity. Kasei Vallis is part of a 300 km wide channel system breaching a N-S trending ancient basement high (+50,000 crater age) separating the Chryse Basin from the Tharsis Volcanic Province of Mars. The basement high was covered by a least 3 groups of probable volcanic deposits. Major regional fracturing took place at age 4,000 to 5,000 and was immediately followed by deposition of regional volcanics of the Fesenkov Plains (age 3,000 to 4,200). Younger clusterings of dates in the 900 to 1,500 and 500 to 700 range represent only minor modification of the basic tectonic geomorphic landform. The data suggest that Kasei gap is a structurally controlled breach of a buried ridge by a rather brief episode of fluvial activity.

  10. The combustion of different air distribution of foursquare tangential circle boiler by numerical simulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guo, Yue; Du, Lei; Jiang, Long; Li, Qing; Zhao, Zhenning

    2017-01-01

    In this paper, the combustion and NOx emission characteristics of a 300 MW tangential boiler are simulated, we obtain the flue gas velocity field in the hearth, component concentration distribution of temperature field and combustion products, and the speed, temperature, concentration of oxygen and NOx emissions compared with the test results in the waisting air distribution conditions, found the simulation values coincide well with the test value, to verify the rationality of the model. At the same time, the flow field in the furnace, the combustion and the influence of NOx emission characteristics are simulated by different conditions, including compared with primary zone secondary waisting air distribution, uniform air distribution and pagodas go down air distribution, the results show that, waisting air distribution is useful to reduce NOx emissions.

  11. Ramstein AB, Landstuhl, Germany. Revised Uniform Summary of Surface Weather Observations (RUSSWO). Parts A-F

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-10-10

    23.2 29.1 29.6 3!.0 32.3 33.5 34*5 34.6 34.6 347 ’ 34.7! 34.7’ 4.5 a 300 " 17. 6 22.𔃾 25.8’ 32-2 32.6 34.0’ -5.4, 30.7= 37.6’ 37.7i37.7 37.8137*8 37...1 - 10 -5 17 50/349 6 2*9 9457 48/ 347 _ -114 K___ ___ -516-__ Z 4/ 41 10 3 Ri.Htt 32 31 63F ot7 7F SP :3 o ( Wtt ulb Oy Bul R ol. i Hum. 80 93 F...43283 -21 15-_ 29.V4 -. Z8j ._16-j .5 417>. NOWO __ * DATA PRECESSING RRAnCHri US IATC PSYCHROMETRIC SUMMARY AIR .EATHER SEPVICC/UAC 34050 R--11STETN

  12. Advanced Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) for Retirement for Cause/Engine Structural Integrity Program (RFC/RNSIP)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-08-01

    7.5mVpp @ 20KHz 6Vpp @ 6MHz Input N/A N/A 206mVpp @ 6MHz 157mVpp @ 6MHz 66mVpp @ 6MHz 99mVpp @ 6MHz 91mVpp @ 6MHz No Input 35mVpp @ 113KHz 3mVpp...170MHz 8.5mVpp @ 200MHz 13mVpp @ 200MHz 22mVpp @ 113KHz 5mVpp @ 113KHz 4.5mVpp @ 113KHz 6Vpp @ 6MHz Input N/A N/A 300mVpp @ 6MHz 285mVpp

  13. History of Smallpox and Its Spread in Human Populations.

    PubMed

    Thèves, Catherine; Crubézy, Eric; Biagini, Philippe

    2016-08-01

    Smallpox is considered among the most devastating of human diseases. Its spread in populations, initiated for thousands of years following a probable transmission from an animal host, was concomitant with movements of people across regions and continents, trade and wars. Literature permitted to retrace the occurrence of epidemics from ancient times to recent human history, smallpox having affected all levels of past society including famous monarchs. The disease was officially declared eradicated in 1979 following intensive vaccination campaigns.Paleomicrobiology dedicated to variola virus is restricted to few studies, most unsuccessful, involving ancient material. Only one recent approach allowed the identification of viral DNA fragments from lung tissue of a 300-year-old body excavated from permafrost in Eastern Siberia; phylogenetic analysis revealed that this ancient strain was distinct from those described during the 20th century.

  14. Contributions on the Subject of Longitudinal Movements of Aircraft in Wind Shears. Ph.D. Thesis - Technischen Univ., 1983

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Krauspe, P.

    1985-01-01

    The effect of downburst-type wind shears on the longitudinal dynamic behavior of an unguided aircraft is simulated numerically on the basis of published meteorological data and the flight characteristics of an A300-B passenger jet. The nonlinear differential equations of the aircraft motion are linearized by conventional methods, and the wind effects are introduced via the linear derivatives of the wind components referred to the wind gradients to obtain simplified technical models of the longitudinal response to all possible types of constant-gradient wind shears during the first 20-60 sec. Graphs, maps, and diagrams are provided, and a number of accidents presumed to have involved wind shears are analyzed in detail.

  15. Local impact of humidification on degradation in polymer electrolyte fuel cells

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sanchez, Daniel G.; Ruiu, Tiziana; Biswas, Indro; Schulze, Mathias; Helmly, Stefan; Friedrich, K. Andreas

    2017-06-01

    The water level in a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) affects the durability as is seen from the degradation processes during operation a PEMFC with fully- and nonhumidified gas streams as analyzed using an in-situ segmented cell for local current density measurements during a 300 h test operating under constant conditions and using ex situ SEM/EDX and XPS post-test analysis of specific regions. The impact of the RH on spatial distribution of the degradation process results from different water distribution giving different chemical environments. Under nonhumidified gas streams, the cathode inlet region exhibits increased degradation, whereas with fully humidified gases the bottom of the cell had the higher performance losses. The degradation and the degree of reversibility produced by Pt dissolution, PTFE defluorination, and contaminants such as silicon (Si) and nickel (Ni) were locally evaluated.

  16. Absolute-length determination of a long-baseline Fabry-Perot cavity by means of resonating modulation sidebands.

    PubMed

    Araya, A; Telada, S; Tochikubo, K; Taniguchi, S; Takahashi, R; Kawabe, K; Tatsumi, D; Yamazaki, T; Kawamura, S; Miyoki, S; Moriwaki, S; Musha, M; Nagano, S; Fujimoto, M K; Horikoshi, K; Mio, N; Naito, Y; Takamori, A; Yamamoto, K

    1999-05-01

    A new method has been demonstrated for absolute-length measurements of a long-baseline Fabry-Perot cavity by use of phase-modulated light. This method is based on determination of a free spectral range (FSR) of the cavity from the frequency difference between a carrier and phase-modulation sidebands, both of which resonate in the cavity. Sensitive response of the Fabry-Perot cavity near resonant frequencies ensures accurate determination of the FSR and thus of the absolute length of the cavity. This method was applied to a 300-m Fabry-Perot cavity of the TAMA gravitational wave detector that is being developed at the National Astronomical Observatory, Tokyo. With a modulation frequency of approximately 12 MHz, we successfully determined the absolute cavity length with resolution of 1 microm (3 x 10(-9) in strain) and observed local ground strain variations of 6 x 10(-8).

  17. Description of Liquid Nitrogen Experimental Test Facility

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jurns, John M.; Jacobs, Richard E.; Saiyed, Naseem H.

    1991-01-01

    The Liquid Nitrogen Test Facility is a unique test facility for ground-based liquid nitrogen experimentation. The test rig consists of an insulated tank of approximately 12.5 cubic ft in volume, which is supplied with liquid nitrogen from a 300 gal dewar via a vacuum jacketed piping system. The test tank is fitted with pressure and temperature measuring instrumentation, and with two view ports which allow visual observation of test conditions. To demonstrate the capabilities of the facility, the initial test program is briefly described. The objective of the test program is to measure the condensation rate by injecting liquid nitrogen as a subcooled spray into the ullage of a tank 50 percent full of liquid nitrogen at saturated conditions. The condensation rate of the nitrogen vapor on the subcooled spray can be analytically modeled, and results validated and corrected by experimentally measuring the vapor condensation on liquid sprays.

  18. Description of liquid nitrogen experimental test facility

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jurns, J. M.; Jacobs, R. E.; Saiyed, N. H.

    1992-01-01

    The Liquid Nitrogen Test Facility is a unique test facility for ground-based liquid nitrogen experimentation. The test rig consists of an insulated tank of approximately 12.5 cubic ft in volume, which is supplied with liquid nitrogen from a 300 gal dewar via a vacuum jacketed piping system. The test tank is fitted with pressure and temperature measuring instrumentation, and with two view ports which allow visual observation of test conditions. To demonstrate the capabilities of the facility, the initial test program is briefly described. The objective of the test program is to measure the condensation rate by injecting liquid nitrogen as a subcooled spray into the ullage of a tank 50 percent full of liquid nitrogen at saturated conditions. The condensation rate of the nitrogen vapor on the subcooled spray can be analytically modeled, and results validated and corrected by experimentally measuring the vapor condensation on liquid sprays.

  19. Quantifying fenbendazole and its metabolites in self-medicating wild red grouse Lagopus lagopus scoticus using an HPLC-MS-MS approach.

    PubMed

    Adam, Aileen; Webster, Lucy M I; Mullen, William; Keller, Lukas F; Johnson, Paul C D

    2011-05-11

    On red grouse estates in the UK the nematode parasite Trichostrongylus tenuis is often controlled by application of grit medicated with the anthelmintic fenbendazole (FBZ). To date, assessment of the efficacy has been inhibited by the inability to quantify uptake of FBZ by the birds. We have developed a simple and sensitive HPLC-MS-MS method for detecting and quantifying FBZ and its metabolites from a 300 mg sample of red grouse liver. This method could be used to improve the efficacy of medicated grit treatment by allowing the identification of conditions and application methods that optimize the uptake of FBZ. With the necessary modifications, our method will also be applicable to other wildlife species where self-medication is used for parasite control. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. Development of Static Balance Measurement and Correction Compound Platform for Single Blade of Controllable Pitch Propeller

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chao, Zhang; Shijie, Su; Yilin, Yang; Guofu, Wang; Chao, Wang

    2017-11-01

    Aiming at the static balance of the controllable pitch propeller (CPP), a high efficiency static balance method based on the double-layer structure of the measuring table and gantry robot is adopted to realize the integration of torque measurement and corrected polish for controllable pitch propeller blade. The control system was developed by Microsoft Visual Studio 2015, and a composite platform prototype was developed. Through this prototype, conduct an experiment on the complete process of torque measurement and corrected polish based on a 300kg class controllable pitch propeller blade. The results show that the composite platform can correct the static balance of blade with a correct, efficient and labor-saving operation, and can replace the traditional method on static balance of the blade.

  1. Growth and characterization of an InSb infrared photoconductor on Si via an AlSb/GaSb buffer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jia, Bo Wen; Tan, Kian Hua; Loke, Wan Khai; Wicaksono, Satrio; Yoon, Soon Fatt

    2018-05-01

    A 99.6% relaxed InSb layer is grown on a 6° offcut (1 0 0) Si substrate via an AlSb/GaSb buffer using molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). A 200 nm GaSb buffer is first grown on Si and the lattice mismatch between them is accommodated by an interfacial misfit (IMF) array consisting of uniformly distributed 90° misfit dislocations. Si delta doping is introduced during the growth of GaSb to reduce the density of threading dislocation. Subsequently, a 50 nm AlSb buffer is grown followed by a 0.8 μm InSb layer. The InSb layer exhibits a 300 K electron mobility of 22,300 cm2/Vs. An InSb photoconductor on Si is demonstrated with a photoconductive gain from 77 K to 200 K under a 700 °C maintained blackbody.

  2. Investigation of Gate-Stacked In-Ga-Zn-O TFTs with Ga-Zn-O Source/Drain Electrodes by Atmospheric Pressure Plasma-Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition.

    PubMed

    Wu, Chien-Hung; Chang, Kow-Ming; Chen, Yi-Ming; Huang, Bo-Wen; Zhang, Yu-Xin; Wang, Shui-Jinn; Hsu, Jui-Mei

    2018-03-01

    Atmospheric pressure plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (AP-PECVD) was employed for the fabrication of indium gallium zinc oxide thin-film transistors (IGZO TFTs) with high transparent gallium zinc oxide (GZO) source/drain electrodes. The influence of post-deposition annealing (PDA) temperature on GZO source/drain and device performance was studied. Device with a 300 °C annealing demonstrated excellent electrical characteristics with on/off current ratio of 2.13 × 108, saturation mobility of 10 cm2/V-s, and low subthreshold swing of 0.2 V/dec. The gate stacked LaAlO3/ZrO2 of AP-IGZO TFTs with highly transparent and conductive AP-GZO source/drain electrode show excellent gate control ability at a low operating voltage.

  3. Generating electricity while walking with loads.

    PubMed

    Rome, Lawrence C; Flynn, Louis; Goldman, Evan M; Yoo, Taeseung D

    2005-09-09

    We have developed the suspended-load backpack, which converts mechanical energy from the vertical movement of carried loads (weighing 20 to 38 kilograms) to electricity during normal walking [generating up to 7.4 watts, or a 300-fold increase over previous shoe devices (20 milliwatts)]. Unexpectedly, little extra metabolic energy (as compared to that expended carrying a rigid backpack) is required during electricity generation. This is probably due to a compensatory change in gait or loading regime, which reduces the metabolic power required for walking. This electricity generation can help give field scientists, explorers, and disaster-relief workers freedom from the heavy weight of replacement batteries and thereby extend their ability to operate in remote areas.

  4. Radiation hardening of MOS devices by boron. [for stabilizing gate threshold potential of field effect device

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Danchenko, V. (Inventor)

    1974-01-01

    A technique is described for radiation hardening of MOS devices and specifically for stabilizing the gate threshold potential at room temperature of a radiation subjected MOS field-effect device with a semiconductor substrate, an insulating layer of oxide on the substrate, and a gate electrode disposed on the insulating layer. The boron is introduced within a layer of the oxide of about 100 A-300 A thickness immediately adjacent the semiconductor-insulator interface. The concentration of boron in the oxide layer is preferably maintained on the order of 10 to the 18th power atoms/cu cm. The technique serves to reduce and substantially annihilate radiation induced positive gate charge accumulations.

  5. The Joint Astrophysical Plasmadynamic Experiment (J-PEX): a high-resolution rocket spectrometer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barstow, Martin A.; Bannister, Nigel P.; Cruddace, Raymond G.; Kowalski, Michael P.; Wood, Kent S.; Yentis, Daryl J.; Gursky, Herbert; Barbee, Troy W., Jr.; Goldstein, William H.; Kordas, Joseph F.; Fritz, Gilbert G.; Culhane, J. Leonard; Lapington, Jonathan S.

    2003-02-01

    We report on the successful sounding rocket flight of the high resolution (R=3000-4000) J-PEX EUV spectrometer. J-PEX is a novel normal incidence instrument, which combines the focusing and dispersive elements of the spectrometer into a single optical element, a multilayer-coated grating. The high spectral resolution achieved has had to be matched by unprecedented high spatial resolution in the imaging microchannel plate detector used to record the data. We illustrate the performance of the complete instrument through an analysis of the 220-245Å spectrum of the white dwarf G191-B2B obtained with a 300 second exposure. The high resolution allows us to detect a low-density ionized helium component along the line of sight to the star and individual absorption lines from heavier elements in the photosphere.

  6. Antibacterial Titanium Produced Using Selective Laser Melting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Macpherson, Andrew; Li, Xiaopeng; McCormick, Paul; Ren, Ling; Yang, Ke; Sercombe, Timothy B.

    2017-12-01

    Titanium and titanium alloys used in current medical and dental applications do not possess antibacterial properties, and therefore, postoperative infection remains a significant risk. Recently, the addition of silver and copper to conventional biomaterials has been shown to produce a material with good antibacterial properties. In this article, we investigate selective laser melting as a method of producing antibacterial Ti-6Al-4V containing elemental additions of Cu or Ag. The addition of Ag had no effect on the microstructure or strength, but it did result in a 300% increase in the ductility of the alloy. In contrast, the addition of Cu resulted in an increase in strength but in a decrease in ductility, along with a change in the structure of the material. The Cu-containing alloy also showed moderate antibacterial properties and was superior to the Ag-containing alloy.

  7. Charge Sharing and Charge Loss in a Cadmium-Zinc-Telluride Fine-Pixel Detector Array

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gaskin, J. A.; Sharma, D. P.; Ramsey, B. D.; Six, N. Frank (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    Because of its high atomic number, room temperature operation, low noise, and high spatial resolution a Cadmium-Zinc-Telluride (CZT) multi-pixel detector is ideal for hard x-ray astrophysical observation. As part of on-going research at MSFC (Marshall Space Flight Center) to develop multi-pixel CdZnTe detectors for this purpose, we have measured charge sharing and charge loss for a 4x4 (750micron pitch), lmm thick pixel array and modeled these results using a Monte-Carlo simulation. This model was then used to predict the amount of charge sharing for a much finer pixel array (with a 300micron pitch). Future work will enable us to compare the simulated results for the finer array to measured values.

  8. Hydrogen Generation from Biomass-Derived Surgar Alcohols via the Aqueous-Phase Carbohydrate Reforming (ACR) Process

    SciTech Connect

    Randy Cortright

    2006-06-30

    This project involved the investigation and development of catalysts and reactor systems that will be cost-effective to generate hydrogen from potential sorbitol streams. The intention was to identify the required catalysts and reactors systems as well as the design, construction, and operation of a 300 grams per hour hydrogen system. Virent was able to accomplish this objective with a system that generates 2.2 kgs an hour of gas containing both hydrogen and alkanes that relied directly on the work performed under this grant. This system, funded in part by the local Madison utility, Madison, Gas & Electric (MGE), is describedmore » further in the report. The design and development of this system should provide the necessary scale-up information for the generation of hydrogen from corn-derived sorbitol.« less

  9. Merlin - Massively parallel heterogeneous computing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wittie, Larry; Maples, Creve

    1989-01-01

    Hardware and software for Merlin, a new kind of massively parallel computing system, are described. Eight computers are linked as a 300-MIPS prototype to develop system software for a larger Merlin network with 16 to 64 nodes, totaling 600 to 3000 MIPS. These working prototypes help refine a mapped reflective memory technique that offers a new, very general way of linking many types of computer to form supercomputers. Processors share data selectively and rapidly on a word-by-word basis. Fast firmware virtual circuits are reconfigured to match topological needs of individual application programs. Merlin's low-latency memory-sharing interfaces solve many problems in the design of high-performance computing systems. The Merlin prototypes are intended to run parallel programs for scientific applications and to determine hardware and software needs for a future Teraflops Merlin network.

  10. SAFARI engineering model 50 mK cooler

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duband, L.; Duval, J. M.; Luchier, N.

    2014-11-01

    SAFARI is an infrared instrument developed by a European based consortium to be flown in SPICA, a Japanese led mission. The SAFARI detectors are transition edge sensors (TES) and require temperatures down to 50 mK for their operation. For that purpose we have developed a hybrid architecture based on the combination of a 300 mK sorption stage and a small adiabatic demagnetization stage. An engineering model has been designed to provide net heat lifts of 0.4 and 14 μW respectively at 50 and 300 mK, with an overall cycle duration of 48 h and a duty cycle objective of over 75%. The cooler is self-contained, fits in a volume of 156 × 312 × 182 mm and is expected to weigh 5.1 kg. It has been designed to withstand static loads of 120 g and a random vibration level of 21 g RMS.

  11. Multifrequency dial sensing of the atmospheric gaseous constituents using the first and second harmonics of a tunable CO2 laser radiation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zuev, V. E.; Andreev, Y. M.; Voevodin, V. G.; Gribenyukov, A. I.; Kapitanov, V. A.; Sosnin, A. V.; Stuchebrov, G. A.; Khmelnitskii, G. S.

    1986-01-01

    The results of field measurements of concentration of some gaseous components of the atmosphere along the paths, in Sofia, Bulgaria, using a gas analyzer based on the use of a CO2 laser radiation frequency-doubled with ZnGeP2 monocrystals are presented. The gas analyzer is a traditional long path absorption meter. Radiation from the tunable CO2 laser of low pressure and from an additional He-Ne laser is directed to a colliminating hundredfold Gregori telescope with a 300 mm diameter of the principal mirror. The dimensions of the mirrors of a retroreflector 500 x 500 mm and a receiving telescope allow one to totally intercept the beam passed through the atmospheric layer under study and back.

  12. A 150 and 300 kW lightweight diesel aircraft engine design study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brouwers, A. P.

    1980-01-01

    The diesel engine was reinvestigated as an aircraft powerplant through design study conducted to arrive at engine configurations and applicable advanced technologies. Two engines are discussed, a 300 kW six-cylinder engine for twin engine general aviation aircraft and a 150 kW four-cylinder engine for single engine aircraft. Descriptions of each engine include concept drawings, a performance analysis, stress and weight data, and a cost study. This information was used to develop two airplane concepts, a six-place twin and a four-place single engine aircraft. The aircraft study consists of installation drawings, computer generated performance data, aircraft operating costs, and drawings of the resulting airplanes. The performance data show a vast improvement over current gasoline-powered aircraft.

  13. Label-free optical-resolution photoacoustic microscopy of superficial microvasculature using a compact visible laser diode excitation

    PubMed Central

    Zeng, Lvming; Piao, Zhonglie; Huang, Shenghai; Jia, Wangcun; Chen, Zhongping

    2015-01-01

    We have developed laser-diode-based optical-resolution photoacoustic microscopy (LD-OR-PAM) of superficial microvasculature which has the desirable properties of being compact, low-cost, and label-free. A 300-mW visible pulsed laser diode was operated at a 405 ± 5 nm wavelength with a pulse energy as low as 52 nJ. By using a 3.6 MHz ultrasound transducer, the system was tested on carbon fibers with a lateral resolution of 0.95 µm and an SNR of 38 dB. The subcutaneous microvasculature on a mouse back was imaged without an exogenous contrast agent which demonstrates the potential of the proposed prototype for skin chromophores. Our eventual goal is to offer a practical and affordable multi-wavelength functional LD-OR-PAM instrument suitable for clinical applications. PMID:26698732

  14. Interfacial Stresses and the Anomalous Character of Thermoelastic-Deformation Curves of a Cu-Al-Ni Shape-Memory Alloy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Malygin, G. A.; Nikolaev, V. I.; Pulnev, S. A.; Chikiryaka, A. V.

    2017-12-01

    Thermoelastic-deformation curves of a single-crystalline Cu-13.5 wt % Al-4.0 wt % Ni shapememory (SM) alloy have been studied. Cyclic temperature variation in a 300-450 K interval revealed an anomalous character of thermoelastic hysteresis loops with regions of accelerated straining at both heating and cooling stages. The observed phenomenon can be used for increasing the response speed of SM-alloy based drive and sensor devices. Analysis of this phenomenon in the framework of the theory of diffuse martensitic transformations showed that the anomalous character of thermoelastic hysteresis loops may be related to the influence of interfacial stresses on the dynamics of martensitic transformations in these SM alloys.

  15. Integration of GaAs-based VCSEL array on SiN platform with HCG reflectors for WDM applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumari, Sulakshna; Gustavsson, Johan S.; Wang, Ruijun; Haglund, Emanuel P.; Westbergh, Petter; Sanchez, Dorian; Haglund, Erik; Haglund, Åsa; Bengtsson, Jörgen; Le Thomas, Nicolas; Roelkens, Gunther; Larsson, Anders; Baets, Roel

    2015-02-01

    We present a GaAs-based VCSEL structure, BCB bonded to a Si3N4 waveguide circuit, where one DBR is substituted by a free-standing Si3N4 high-contrast-grating (HCG) reflector realized in the Si3N4 waveguide layer. This design enables solutions for on-chip spectroscopic sensing, and the dense integration of 850-nm WDM data communication transmitters where individual channel wavelengths are set by varying the HCG parameters. RCWA shows that a 300nm-thick Si3N4 HCG with 800nm period and 40% duty cycle reflects strongly (<99%) over a 75nm wavelength range around 850nm. A design with a standing-optical-field minimum at the III-V/airgap interface maximizes the HCG's influence on the VCSEL wavelength, allowing for a 15-nm-wide wavelength setting range with low threshold gain (<1000 cm-1).

  16. Flight velocity influence on jet noise of conical ejector, annular plug and segmented suppressor nozzles

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brausch, J. F.

    1972-01-01

    An F106 aircraft with a J85-13 engine was used for static and flight acoustic and aerodynamic tests of a conical ejector, an unsuppressed annular plug, and three segmented suppressor nozzles. Static 100 ft. arc data, corrected for influences other than jet noise, were extrapolated to a 300 ft. sideline for comparison to 300 ft. altitude flyover data at M = 0.4. Data at engine speeds of 80 to 100% (max dry) static and 88 to 100% flight are presented. Flight velocity influence on noise is shown on peak OASPL and PNL, PNL directivity, EPNL and chosen spectra. Peak OASPL and PNL plus EPNL suppression levels are included showing slightly lower flight than static peak PNL suppression but greater EPNL than peak PNL suppression. Aerodynamic performance was as anticipated and closely matched model work for the 32-spoke nozzle.

  17. Infrared bolometers with silicon nitride micromesh absorbers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bock, J. J.; Turner, A. D.; DelCastillo, H. M.; Beeman, J. W.; Lange, A. E.; Mauskopf, P. D.

    1996-01-01

    Sensitive far infrared and millimeter wave bolometers fabricated from a freestanding membrane of low stress silicon nitride are reported. The absorber, consisting of a metallized silicon nitride micromesh thermally isolated by radial legs of silicon nitride, is placed in an integrating cavity to efficiently couple to single mode or multiple mode infrared radiation. This structure provides low heat capacity, low thermal conduction and minimal cross section to energetic particles. A neutron transmutation doped Ge thermister is bump bonded to the center of the device and read out with evaporated Cr-Au leads. The limiting performance of the micromesh absorber is discussed and the recent results obtained from a 300 mK cold stage are summarized.

  18. Optical-fiber-connected 300-GHz FM-CW radar system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kanno, Atsushi; Sekine, Norihiko; Kasamatsu, Akifumi; Yamamoto, Naokatsu; Kawanishi, Tetsuya

    2017-05-01

    300-GHz frequency-modulated continuous-wave (FM-CW) radar system operated by radio over fiber technologies is configured and demonstrated. Centralized signal generator, which is based on an optical frequency comb generation, provides high-precise FM-CW radar signal. The optical signal is easy to be transported to radar heads through an optical fiber network. Optical-modulator-based optical frequency comb generator is utilized as an optical frequency multiplier from a microwave signal to a 300-GHz terahertz signal by an optical modulation technique. In the study, we discuss the configuration of the network, signal generator and remote radar head for terahertz-wave multi-static radar system.

  19. [Meningococcus profilaxis (author's transl)].

    PubMed

    Pérez Trallero, E; Pérez-Yarza, E; Ruíz Benito, C; Muñóz Baroja, I

    1979-11-25

    In a General Hospital in San Sebastian, 96 cases of Neisseria meningitidis infections were detected in a two years period. By the use of the disk diffusion method, we found that all causative meningococcal strains but 4 were resistant to sulfonamide (with a 300 microgram sulfadiazine disk, all isolates with a zone diameter of less than 20 mm were considered to be resistant of sulfadiazine, whereas those with zone diameters of greater than 30 mm were considered susceptible). No rifampin nor minocycline-resistant meningococci were isolated. All strains had a disk zone diameter (30 micrograms rifampin and 30 micrograms tetracycline) of greater than 20 mm. The serogroups of meningococcal strains were as follows: group A, 1; group B, 67; group C, 5 and 23 were no typed. Children less than four years of age were most frequently attacked (67,7%). The attack rate was only slightly higher in males than in females (52 and 44).

  20. Mantle dynamics of continent-wide tilting of Australia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dicaprio, L.; Gurnis, M.; Muller, R. D.

    2009-12-01

    Australia is distinctive in that during the Cenozoic it experienced first order, broad-scale vertical motions unrelated to normal orogenic processes. The progressive continent-wide tilting down to the northeast is attributed to the horizontal motion of the continent over subducted slabs. We use plate tectonic reconstructions and a model of mantle convection to quantitatively link the geological evolution of the continent to mantle convection. The passage of slabs beneath the Southwest Pacific since 50 Ma is modeled numerically, and the results are compared to geologic observations of anomalous topography. Models show that Australia undergoes a 300 m northeast downward tilt as it approaches and overrides subducted slabs between Melanesia and the active margin along the Loyalty and proto-Tonga Kermadec subduction systems. This pattern of dynamic subsidence is consistent with observations of continent wide tilting and may indicate that during the Cenozoic Australia moved northward away from a relatively hot mantle anomaly presently located beneath Antarctica.

  1. Education Demonstration Equipment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nagy, A.; Lee, R. L.

    2005-10-01

    Several GA Fusion Education Program plasma related demonstration items were developed this year. A 120 V ac powered electromagnetic coil shows eddy current levitation over an aluminum sheet and continuously changing magnetic force interactions using additional permanent magnets. A 300 V dc plasma device, with variable current capability and analog data ports, is used to develop plasma I/V plots. An on-demand (via push button) fully enclosed 24 in. Jacob's ladder provides air plasma and buoyancy effects. A low cost Mason jar vacuum chamber filled with inert gas shows pressure and gas species plasma characteristics when excited by a Tesla coil. These demonstration items are used in the Scientist-In-the-Classroom program, GA facility tours, and teacher seminars to present plasma to students and teachers. Three very popular Build-It workshops were held to enable teachers to build these items and take them back to their classroom.

  2. Results from the LUX dark matter experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Horn, Markus; Akerib, D. S.; Araújo, H. M.; Bai, X.; Bailey, A. J.; Balajthy, J.; Bernard, E.; Bernstein, A.; Bradley, A.; Byram, D.; Cahn, S. B.; Carmona-Benitez, M. C.; Chan, C.; Chapman, J. J.; Chiller, A. A.; Chiller, C.; Currie, A.; de Viveiros, L.; Dobi, A.; Dobson, J.; Druszkiewicz, E.; Edwards, B.; Faham, C. H.; Fiorucci, S.; Flores, C.; Gaitskell, R. J.; Gehman, V. M.; Ghag, C.; Gibson, K. R.; Gilchriese, M. G. D.; Hall, C.; Hanhardt, M.; Haselschwardt, S.; Hertel, S. A.; Huang, D. Q.; Ihm, M.; Jacobsen, R. G.; Kazkaz, K.; Knoche, R.; Larsen, N. A.; Lee, C.; Lenardo, B.; Lesko, K. T.; Lindote, A.; Lopes, M. I.; Malling, D. C.; Mannino, R.; McKinsey, D. N.; Mei, D.-M.; Mock, J.; Moongweluwan, M.; Morad, J.; Murphy, A. St. J.; Nehrkorn, C.; Nelson, H.; Neves, F.; Ott, R. A.; Pangilinan, M.; Parker, P. D.; Pease, E. K.; Pech, K.; Phelps, P.; Reichhart, L.; Shutt, T.; Silva, C.; Solovov, V. N.; Sorensen, P.; O`Sullivan, K.; Sumner, T. J.; Szydagis, M.; Taylor, D.; Tennyson, B.; Tiedt, D. R.; Tripathi, M.; Uvarov, S.; Verbus, J. R.; Walsh, N.; Webb, R.; White, J. T.; Witherell, M. S.; Wolfs, F. L. H.; Woods, M.; Zhang, C.; LUX Collaboration

    2015-06-01

    The LUX (Large Underground Xenon) experiment aims at the direct detection of dark matter particles via their collisions with xenon nuclei. The 370 kg two-phase liquid xenon time projection chamber measures simultaneously the scintillation and ionization from interactions in the target. The ratio of these two signals provides very good discrimination between potential nuclear recoil and electronic recoil signals to search for WIMP-nucleon scattering. The LUX detector operates at the Sanford Underground Research Facility (Lead, South Dakota, USA) since February 2013. First results were presented in late 2013 setting the world's most stringent limits on WIMP-nucleon scattering cross-sections over a wide range of WIMP masses. A 300 day run beginning in 2014 will further improve the sensitivity and new calibration techniques will reduce systematics for the WIMP signal search.

  3. Flamsteed's Supernova of 1680

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fesen, R. A.

    2001-12-01

    A recent proper motion study of 40 knots in the Cas A supernova remnant indicated a knot convergent date of A.D. 1671.3 +/-0.9 assuming no deceleration (Thorstensen, Fesen, & van den Bergh 2001, AJ, 122, 297). However, because these optical knots are made visible by their shock passage through the local ISM/CSM, some deceleration is expected. A deceleration of just ~ 1.6 km s-1 yr-1 over a 300 yr time span would yield an explosion date around A.D. 1680, consistent with a suspected sighting of the Cas A supernova by J. Flamsteed in August 1680 (Ashworth, 1980, J. Hist. Astron., 11, 1). We discuss Flamsteed's likely observations of SN 1680 in terms of their constrains on the light curve and peak brightness and possible implications regarding the Cas A SN subtype.

  4. Zirconium Hydride Space Power Reactor design.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Asquith, J. G.; Mason, D. G.; Stamp, S.

    1972-01-01

    The Zirconium Hydride Space Power Reactor being designed and fabricated at Atomics International is intended for a wide range of potential applications. Throughout the program a series of reactor designs have been evaluated to establish the unique requirements imposed by coupling with various power conversion systems and for specific applications. Current design and development emphasis is upon a 100 kilowatt thermal reactor for application in a 5 kwe thermoelectric space power generating system, which is scheduled to be fabricated and ground tested in the mid 70s. The reactor design considerations reviewed in this paper will be discussed in the context of this 100 kwt reactor and a 300 kwt reactor previously designed for larger power demand applications.

  5. Setting radon-specific release criteria and demonstrating compliance for land affected by NORM.

    PubMed

    García-Talavera, M; Martínez, M; Matarranz, J L M; Ramos, L

    2008-11-01

    Residues from industrial activities involving naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORMs) may cause radiation exposures to members of the public, particularly when NORM-affected land is brought into residential use. To provide an adequate protection against radiation in such situations, the following limiting criteria are currently required in Spain for releasing NORM-affected land: (i) no more than a 300 microSv yr(-1) increase (excluding radon doses) over the natural background; (ii) (222)Rn concentrations in hypothetical future dwellings lower than 200 Bq m(-3); and (iii) reduction of all radiation exposures to as low as reasonable achievable. This paper addresses some of the problems encountered in translating the (222)Rn criterion into site-specific release limits and in demonstrating compliance with them.

  6. Ionizing Energy Depositions After Fast Neutron Interactions in Silicon

    DOE PAGES

    Bergmann, Benedikt; Pospisil, Stanislav; Caicedo, Ivan; ...

    2016-06-01

    In our study we present the ionizing energy depositions in a 300 μm thick silicon layer after fast neutron impact. With the Time-of-Flight (ToF) technique, the ionizing energy deposition spectra of recoil silicons and secondary charged particles were assigned to (quasi-)monoenergetic neutron energies in the range from 180 keV to hundreds of MeV. We also show and interpret representative measured energy spectra. By separating the ionizing energy losses of the recoil silicon from energy depositions by products of nuclear reactions, the competition of ionizing (IEL) and non-ionizing energy losses (NIEL) of a recoil silicon within the silicon lattice was investigated.more » Furthermore, the data give supplementary information to the results of a previous measurement and are compared with different theoretical predictions.« less

  7. The Conference on High Temperature Electronics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hamilton, D. J.; Mccormick, J. B.; Kerwin, W. J.; Narud, J. A.

    1981-01-01

    The status of and directions for high temperature electronics research and development were evaluated. Major objectives were to (1) identify common user needs; (2) put into perspective the directions for future work; and (3) address the problem of bringing to practical fruition the results of these efforts. More than half of the presentations dealt with materials and devices, rather than circuits and systems. Conference session titles and an example of a paper presented in each session are (1) User requirements: High temperature electronics applications in space explorations; (2) Devices: Passive components for high temperature operation; (3) Circuits and systems: Process characteristics and design methods for a 300 degree QUAD or AMP; and (4) Packaging: Presently available energy supply for high temperature environment.

  8. Karasek Home, Blackstone, Massachusetts solar-energy-system performance evaluation, Nov. 1981 - Mar. 1982

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Raymond, M.

    1982-06-01

    The Karasek Home is a single family Massachusetts residence whose active-solar-energy system is equipped with 640 square feet of trickle-down liquid flat-plate collectors, storage in a 300-gallon tank and a 2000-gallon tank embedded in a rock bin in the basement, and an oil-fired glass-lined 40-gallon domestic hot water tank for auxiliary water and space heating. Monthly performance data are tabulated for the overall system and for the collector, storage, space heating, and domestic hot water subsystems. For each month a graph is presented of collector array efficiency versus the difference between the inlet water temperature and ambient temperature divided by insolation. Typical system operation is illustrated by graphs of insolation and temperatures at different parts of the system versus time for a typical day. The typical system operating sequence for a day is also graphed as well as solar energy utilization and heat losses.

  9. Two stage to orbit design

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1991-01-01

    A preliminary design of a two-stage to orbit vehicle was conducted with the requirements to carry a 10,000 pound payload into a 300 mile low-earth orbit using an airbreathing first stage, and to take off and land unassisted on a 15,000 foot runway. The goal of the design analysis was to produce the most efficient vehicle in size and weight which could accomplish the mission requirements. Initial parametric analysis indicated that the weight of the orbiter and the transonic performance of the system were the two parameters that had the largest impact on the design. The resulting system uses a turbofan ramjet powered first stage to propel a scramjet and rocket powered orbiter to the stage point of Mach 6 to 6.5 at an altitude of 90,000 ft.

  10. A two step method to treat variable winds in fallout smearing codes. Master's thesis

    SciTech Connect

    Hopkins, A.T.

    1982-03-01

    A method was developed to treat non-constant winds in fallout smearing codes. The method consists of two steps: (1) location of the curved hotline (2) determination of the off-hotline activity. To locate the curved hotline, the method begins with an initial cloud of 20 discretely-sized pancake clouds, located at altitudes determined by weapon yield. Next, the particles are tracked through a 300 layer atmosphere, translating with different winds in each layer. The connection of the 20 particles' impact points is the fallout hotline. The hotline location was found to be independent of the assumed particle size distribution in the stabilizedmore » cloud. The off-hotline activity distribution is represented as a two-dimensional gaussian function, centered on the curved hotline. Hotline locator model results were compared to numerical calculations of hypothetical 100 kt burst and to the actual hotline produced by the Castle-Bravo 15 Mt nuclear test.« less

  11. High efficiency spectrographs for the EUV and soft X-rays

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cash, W.

    1983-01-01

    The use of grazing incidence optics and reflection grating designs is shown to be a method that improves the performance of spectrographs at wavelengths shorter than 1200 A. Emphasis is laid on spectroscopic designs for X ray and EUV astronomy, with sample designs for an objective reflection grating spectrograph (ORGS) and an echelle spectrograph for wavelengths longer than 100 A. Conical diffraction allows operations at grazing incidence in the echelle spectrograph. In ORGS, the extreme distance of X ray objects aids in collimating the source radiation, which encounters conical diffraction within the instrument, proceeds parallel to the optical axis, and arrives at the detector. A series of gratings is used to achieve the effect. A grazing echelle is employed for EUV observations, and offers a resolution of 20,000 over a 300 A bandpass.

  12. CO2 laser-fabricated cladding light strippers for high-power fiber lasers and amplifiers.

    PubMed

    Boyd, Keiron; Simakov, Nikita; Hemming, Alexander; Daniel, Jae; Swain, Robert; Mies, Eric; Rees, Simon; Andrew Clarkson, W; Haub, John

    2016-04-10

    We present and characterize a simple CO2 laser processing technique for the fabrication of compact all-glass optical fiber cladding light strippers. We investigate the cladding light loss as a function of radiation angle of incidence and demonstrate devices in a 400 μm diameter fiber with cladding losses of greater than 20 dB for a 7 cm device length. The core losses are also measured giving a loss of <0.008±0.006  dB/cm. Finally we demonstrate the successful cladding light stripping of a 300 W laser diode with minimal heating of the fiber coating and packaging adhesives.

  13. Probing the magnetic moment of FePt micromagnets prepared by focused ion beam milling

    SciTech Connect

    Overweg, H. C.; Haan, A. M. J. den; Eerkens, H. J.

    2015-08-17

    We investigate the degradation of the magnetic moment of a 300 nm thick FePt film induced by Focused Ion Beam (FIB) milling. A 1 μm × 8 μm rod is milled out of a film by a FIB process and is attached to a cantilever by electron beam induced deposition. Its magnetic moment is determined by frequency-shift cantilever magnetometry. We find that the magnetic moment of the rod is μ = 1.1 ± 0.1 × 10{sup −12} Am{sup 2}, which implies that 70% of the magnetic moment is preserved during the FIB milling process. This result has important implications for atom trapping and magnetic resonance force microscopy, which are addressed inmore » this paper.« less

  14. Phase I Final Scientific Report

    SciTech Connect

    Lu, Xijia; Fetvedt, Jeremy; Dimmig, Walker

    This Final Scientific Report addresses the accomplishments achieved during Phase I of DE- FE0023985, Coal Syngas Combustor Development for Supercritical CO 2 Power Cycles. The primary objective of the project was to develop a coal syngas-fueled combustor design for use with high-pressure, high-temperature, oxy-fuel, supercritical CO 2 power cycles, with particular focus given to the conditions required by the Allam Cycle. The primary goals, from the Statement of Project Objectives, were to develop: (1) a conceptual design of a syngas-fueled combustor-turbine block for a 300MWe high-pressure, oxy-fuel, sCO2 power plant; (2) the preliminary design of a 5MWt test combustor; andmore » (3) the definition of a combustor test program. Accomplishments for each of these goals are discussed in this report.« less

  15. Mode coupling in hybrid square-rectangular lasers for single mode operation

    SciTech Connect

    Ma, Xiu-Wen; Huang, Yong-Zhen, E-mail: yzhuang@semi.ac.cn; Yang, Yue-De

    Mode coupling between a square microcavity and a Fabry-Pérot (FP) cavity is proposed and demonstrated for realizing single mode lasers. The modulations of the mode Q factor as simulation results are observed and single mode operation is obtained with a side mode suppression ratio of 46 dB and a single mode fiber coupling loss of 3.2 dB for an AlGaInAs/InP hybrid laser as a 300-μm-length and 1.5-μm-wide FP cavity connected to a vertex of a 10-μm-side square microcavity. Furthermore, tunable single mode operation is demonstrated with a continuous wavelength tuning range over 10 nm. The simple hybrid structure may shed light on practicalmore » applications of whispering-gallery mode microcavities in large-scale photonic integrated circuits and optical communication and interconnection.« less

  16. Neural correlates of active controlled retrieval development: An exploratory ERP study.

    PubMed

    Simard, France; Cadoret, Geneviève

    2018-07-01

    Working memory is composed of different processes and encompasses not only the temporary storage of information but also its manipulation in order to perform complex cognitive activities. During childhood, one of these manipulation processes, namely active controlled retrieval, improves significantly between the age of 6 to 10, suggesting that the neuronal network supporting this function undergoes substantial maturational changes. The present study examined the neural activity of 14 healthy children and 14 adults while performing an active controlled retrieval task. Results showed differences in brain activity according to active controlled retrieval in a 300-500 ms window corresponding to the retrieval period. Active controlled retrieval was associated with a P3b-like potential in parietal sites for both children and adults. In fronto-central sites, children demonstrated a "N400 like" potential associated with active retrieval processing. These results are discussed in terms of maturational development. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Ionizing Energy Depositions After Fast Neutron Interactions in Silicon

    SciTech Connect

    Bergmann, Benedikt; Pospisil, Stanislav; Caicedo, Ivan

    In our study we present the ionizing energy depositions in a 300 μm thick silicon layer after fast neutron impact. With the Time-of-Flight (ToF) technique, the ionizing energy deposition spectra of recoil silicons and secondary charged particles were assigned to (quasi-)monoenergetic neutron energies in the range from 180 keV to hundreds of MeV. We also show and interpret representative measured energy spectra. By separating the ionizing energy losses of the recoil silicon from energy depositions by products of nuclear reactions, the competition of ionizing (IEL) and non-ionizing energy losses (NIEL) of a recoil silicon within the silicon lattice was investigated.more » Furthermore, the data give supplementary information to the results of a previous measurement and are compared with different theoretical predictions.« less

  18. An Updated Assessment of NASA Ultra-Efficient Engine Technologies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tong Michael T.; Jones, Scott M.

    2005-01-01

    NASA's Ultra Efficient Engine Technology (UEET) project features advanced aeropropulsion technologies that include highly loaded turbomachinery, an advanced low-NOx combustor, high-temperature materials, and advanced fan containment technology. A probabilistic system assessment is performed to evaluate the impact of these technologies on aircraft CO2 (or equivalent fuel burn) and NOx reductions. A 300-passenger aircraft, with two 396-kN thrust (85,000-lb) engines is chosen for the study. The results show that a large subsonic aircraft equipped with the current UEET technology portfolio has very high probabilities of meeting the UEET minimum success criteria for CO2 reduction (-12% from the baseline) and LTO (landing and takeoff) NOx reductions (-65% relative to the 1996 International Civil Aviation Organization rule).

  19. Maximizing the productivity of the microalgae Scenedesmus AMDD cultivated in a continuous photobioreactor using an online flow rate control.

    PubMed

    McGinn, Patrick J; MacQuarrie, Scott P; Choi, Jerome; Tartakovsky, Boris

    2017-01-01

    In this study, production of the microalga Scenedesmus AMDD in a 300 L continuous flow photobioreactor was maximized using an online flow (dilution rate) control algorithm. To enable online control, biomass concentration was estimated in real time by measuring chlorophyll-related culture fluorescence. A simple microalgae growth model was developed and used to solve the optimization problem aimed at maximizing the photobioreactor productivity. When optimally controlled, Scenedesmus AMDD culture demonstrated an average volumetric biomass productivity of 0.11 g L -1  d -1 over a 25 day cultivation period, equivalent to a 70 % performance improvement compared to the same photobioreactor operated as a turbidostat. The proposed approach for optimizing photobioreactor flow can be adapted to a broad range of microalgae cultivation systems.

  20. Multi-level multi-thermal-electron FDTD simulation of plasmonic interaction with semiconducting gain media: applications to plasmonic amplifiers and nano-lasers.

    PubMed

    Chen, X; Bhola, B; Huang, Y; Ho, S T

    2010-08-02

    Interactions between a semiconducting gain medium and confined plasmon-polaritons are studied using a multilevel multi-thermal-electron finite-difference time-domain (MLMTE-FDTD) simulator. We investigated the amplification of wave propagating in a plasmonic metal-semiconductor-metal (MSM) waveguide filled with semiconductor gain medium and obtained the conditions required to achieve net optical gain. The MSM gain waveguide is used to form a plasmonic semiconductor nano-ring laser(PSNRL) with an effective mode volume of 0.0071 microm3, which is about an order of magnitude smaller than the smallest demonstrated integrated photonic crystal based laser cavities. The simulation shows a lasing threshold current density of 1kA/cm2 for a 300 nm outer diameter ring cavity with 80 nm-wide ring. This current density can be realistically achieved in typical III-V semiconductor, which shows the experimental feasibility of the proposed PSNRL structure.

  1. A tale of two fractals: The Hofstadter butterfly and the integral Apollonian gaskets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Satija, Indubala I.

    2016-11-01

    This paper unveils a mapping between a quantum fractal that describes a physical phenomena, and an abstract geometrical fractal. The quantum fractal is the Hofstadter butterfly discovered in 1976 in an iconic condensed matter problem of electrons moving in a two-dimensional lattice in a transverse magnetic field. The geometric fractal is the integer Apollonian gasket characterized in terms of a 300 BC problem of mutually tangent circles. Both of these fractals are made up of integers. In the Hofstadter butterfly, these integers encode the topological quantum numbers of quantum Hall conductivity. In the Apollonian gaskets an infinite number of mutually tangent circles are nested inside each other, where each circle has integer curvature. The mapping between these two fractals reveals a hidden D3 symmetry embedded in the kaleidoscopic images that describe the asymptotic scaling properties of the butterfly. This paper also serves as a mini review of these fractals, emphasizing their hierarchical aspects in terms of Farey fractions.

  2. Determination of phenolic constituents of biological interest in red wine by capillary electrophoresis with electrochemical detection.

    PubMed

    Peng, Youyuan; Chu, Qingcui; Liu, Fanghua; Ye, Jiannong

    2004-01-28

    A simultaneous determination of trans-resveratrol, (-)-epicatechin, and (+)-catechin in red wine by capillary electrophoresis with electrochemical detection (CE-ED) is reported. The effects of the potential of the working electrode, pH and concentration of running buffer, separation voltage, and injection time on CE-ED were investigated. Under the optimum conditions, the analytes could be separated in a 100 mmol/L borate buffer (pH 9.2) within 20 min. A 300 microm diameter carbon disk electrode has a good response at +0.85 V (vs SCE) for all analytes. The response was linear over 3 orders of magnitude with detection limit (S/N = 3) ranging from 2 x 10(-7) to 5 x 10(-7) g/mL for all analytes. This method has been used for the determination of these analytes in red wine without enrichment, and the assay result was satisfactory.

  3. Tryptophan as key biomarker to detect gastrointestinal tract cancer using non-negative biochemical analysis of native fluorescence and Stokes Shift spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Leana; Zhou, Yan; Liu, Cheng-hui; Zhou, Lixin; He, Yong; Pu, Yang; Nguyen, Thien An; Alfano, Robert R.

    2015-03-01

    The objective of this study was to find out the emission spectral fingerprints for discrimination of human colorectal and gastric cancer from normal tissue in vitro by applying native fluorescence. The native fluorescence (NFL) and Stokes shift spectra of seventy-two human cancerous and normal colorectal (colon, rectum) and gastric tissues were analyzed using three selected excitation wavelengths (e.g. 300 nm, 320 nm and 340 nm). Three distinct biomarkers, tryptophan, collagen and reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide hydrate (NADH), were found in the samples of cancerous and normal tissues from eighteen subjects. The spectral profiles of tryptophan exhibited a sharp peak in cancerous colon tissues under a 300 nm excitation when compared with normal tissues. The changes in compositions of tryptophan, collagen, and NADH were found between colon cancer and normal tissues under an excitation of 300 nm by the non-negative basic biochemical component analysis (BBCA) model.

  4. SiGe nano-heteroepitaxy on Si and SiGe nano-pillars.

    PubMed

    Mastari, M; Charles, M; Bogumilowicz, Y; Thai, Q M; Pimenta-Barros, P; Argoud, M; Papon, A M; Gergaud, P; Landru, D; Kim, Y; Hartmann, J M

    2018-07-06

    In this paper, SiGe nano-heteroepitaxy on Si and SiGe nano-pillars was investigated in a 300 mm industrial reduced pressure-chemical vapour deposition tool. An integration scheme based on diblock copolymer patterning was used to fabricate nanometre-sized templates for the epitaxy of Si and SiGe nano-pillars. Results showed highly selective and uniform processes for the epitaxial growth of Si and SiGe nano-pillars. 200 nm thick SiGe layers were grown on Si and SiGe nano-pillars and characterised by atomic force microscopy, x-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. Smooth SiGe surfaces and full strain relaxation were obtained in the 650 °C-700 °C range for 2D SiGe layers grown either on Si or SiGe nano-pillars.

  5. Optical Design with Narrow-Band Imaging for a Capsule Endoscope.

    PubMed

    Yen, Chih-Ta; Lai, Zong-Wei; Lin, Yu-Ting; Cheng, Hsu-Chih

    2018-01-01

    The study proposes narrow-band imaging (NBI) lens design of 415 nm and 540 nm of a capsule endoscope (CE). The researches show that in terms of the rate of accuracy in detecting and screening neoplastic and nonneoplastic intestinal lesions, the NBI system outperformed that of traditional endoscopes and rivaled that of chromoendoscopes. In the proposed NBI CE optical system, the simulation result shows the field of view (FOV) was 109.8°; the modulation transfer function (MTF) could achieve 12.5% at 285 lp/mm and 34.1% at 144 lp/mm. The relative illumination reaches more than 60%, and the system total length was less than 4 mm. Finally, this design provides high-quality images for a 300-megapixel 1/4 ″ CMOS image sensor with a pixel size of 1.75  μ m.

  6. SciTech Connect

    Bunshah, R.F.; Shabaik, A.H.

    The process of Activated Reactive Evaporation is used to synthesize superhard materials like carbides, oxides, nitrides, ultrafine grain cermets. The deposits are characterized by hardness, microstructure and lattice parameter measurements. The synthesis and characterization of TiC-Ni cermets, Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/ and VC-TiC alloy carbides is given. Tools of different coating characteristics are tested for machining performance at different speeds and feeds. The machining evaluation and the selection of coatings is based on the rate of deterioration of the costing, tool temperature, and cutting forces. Tool life tests show coated high speed steel tools show a 300% improvement in tool life.more » (Author) (GRA)« less

  7. Development of lithium-thionyl chloride batteries for Centaur

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Halpert, Gerald; Frank, Harvey; Lutwack, Ralph

    1987-01-01

    Lithium thionyl chloride (LiSOCl2) primary cells and batteries have received considerable attention over the last several years because of their high theoretical specific energy and energy density. The objective was to develop a 300 wh/kg cell capable of safe operation at C/2 rate and active storage life for 5 to 10 years. This technology would replace other primary cell technologies in NASA applications mainly the silver zinc (AgZn) batteries presently in use. The LiSOCl2 system exceeds the capabilities of the AgZn in terms of specific energy of 300 wh/kg (compared with 100 wh/kg for AgZn), active storage life of 10 to 20 times the 3 to 6 months active storage and has a significantly lower projected cost.

  8. Development of lithium-thionyl chloride batteries for Centaur

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Halpert, Gerald; Frank, Harvey; Lutwack, Ralph

    1988-01-01

    Lithium thionyl chloride (LiSOCl2) primary cells and batteries have received considerable attention over the last several years because of their high theoretical specific energy and energy density. The objective was to develop a 300 wh/kg cell capable of safe operation at C/2 rate and active storage life for 5 to 10 years. This technology would replace other primary cell technologies in NASA applications mainly the silver zinc (AgZn) batteries presently in use. The LiSOCl2 system exceeds the capabilities of the AgZn in terms of specific energy of 300 wh/kg (compared with 100 wh/kg for AgZn), active storage life of 10 to 20 times the 3 to 6 months active storage and has a significantly lower projected cost.

  9. Jupiter cloud composition, stratification, convection, and wave motion: a view from new horizons.

    PubMed

    Reuter, D C; Simon-Miller, A A; Lunsford, A; Baines, K H; Cheng, A F; Jennings, D E; Olkin, C B; Spencer, J R; Stern, S A; Weaver, H A; Young, L A

    2007-10-12

    Several observations of Jupiter's atmosphere made by instruments on the New Horizons spacecraft have implications for the stability and dynamics of Jupiter's weather layer. Mesoscale waves, first seen by Voyager, have been observed at a spatial resolution of 11 to 45 kilometers. These waves have a 300-kilometer wavelength and phase velocities greater than the local zonal flow by 100 meters per second, much higher than predicted by models. Additionally, infrared spectral measurements over five successive Jupiter rotations at spatial resolutions of 200 to 140 kilometers have shown the development of transient ammonia ice clouds (lifetimes of 40 hours or less) in regions of strong atmospheric upwelling. Both of these phenomena serve as probes of atmospheric dynamics below the visible cloud tops.

  10. Three-dimensional collimation of in-plane-propagating light using silicon micromachined mirror

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sabry, Yasser M.; Khalil, Diaa; Saadany, Bassam; Bourouina, Tarik

    2014-03-01

    We demonstrate light collimation of single-mode optical fibers using deeply-etched three-dimensional curved micromirror on silicon chip. The three-dimensional curvature of the mirror is controlled by a process combining deep reactive ion etching and isotropic etching of silicon. The produced surface is astigmatic with out-of-plane radius of curvature that is about one half the in-plane radius of curvature. Having a 300-μm in-plane radius and incident beam inplane inclined with an angle of 45 degrees with respect to the principal axis, the reflected beam is maintained stigmatic with about 4.25 times reduction in the beam expansion angle in free space and about 12-dB reduction in propagation losses, when received by a limited-aperture detector.

  11. Effect of a timebase mismatch in two-way optical frequency transfer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tampellini, Anna; Clivati, Cecilia; Levi, Filippo; Mura, Alberto; Calonico, Davide

    2017-12-01

    Two-way frequency transfer on optical fibers is a powerful technique for the comparison of distant clocks over long and ultra-long hauls. In contrast to traditional Doppler noise cancellation, it is capable of sustaining higher link attenuation, mitigating the need of optical amplification and regeneration and thus reducing the setup complexity. We investigate the ultimate limitations of the two-way approach on a 300 km multiplexed fiber haul, considering fully independent setups and acquisition systems at the two link ends. We derive a theoretical model to predict the performance deterioration due to a bad synchronisation of the measurements, which is confirmed by experimental results. This study demonstrates that two-way optical frequency transfer is a reliable and performing technique, capable of sustaining remote clocks comparisons at the 10-19 resolution, and is relevant for the development of a fiber network of continental scale for frequency metrology in Europe.

  12. Path Length Fluctuations Derived from Site Testing Interferometer Data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Acosta, Roberto J.; Nessel, James A.; Morse, Jacquelynne R.

    2010-01-01

    To evaluate possible sites for NASA's proposed Ka-band antenna array, the NASA Glenn Research Center has constructed atmospheric phase monitors (APM) which directly measure the tropospheric phase stability. These instruments observe an unmodulated 20.2 GHz beacon signal broadcast from a geostationary satellite (Anik F2) and measure the phase difference between the signals received by the two antennas. Two APM's have been deployed, one at the NASA Deep Space Network (DSN) Tracking Complex in Goldstone, California, and the other at the NASA White Sands Complex, in Las Cruces, New Mexico. Two station-years of atmospheric phase fluctuation data have been collected at Goldstone since operations commenced in May 2007 and 0.5 station-years of data have been collected at White Sands since operations began February 2009. With identical instruments operating simultaneously, we can directly compare the phase stability at the two sites. Phase stability is analyzed statistically in terms of the root-mean-square (rms) of the tropospheric path length fluctuations over 10 min blocks. Correlation between surface wind speed and relative humidity with interferometer phase are discussed. For 2 years, the path length fluctuations at the DSN site in Goldstone, California, have been better than 757 micrometer (with reference to a 300 m baseline and to Zenith) for 90 percent of the time. For the 6 months of data collected at White Sands, New Mexico, the path length fluctuations have been better than 830 micrometers (with reference to a 300 m baseline and to Zenith) for 90 percent of the time. This type of data analysis, as well as many other site quality characteristics (e.g., rain attenuation, infrastructure, etc.), will be used to determine the suitability of both sites for NASA s future communication services at Ka-band using an array of antennas.

  13. Map Your Hazards! - an Interdisciplinary, Place-Based Educational Approach to Assessing Natural Hazards, Social Vulnerability, Risk and Risk Perception.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brand, B. D.; McMullin-Messier, P. A.; Schlegel, M. E.

    2014-12-01

    'Map your Hazards' is an educational module developed within the NSF Interdisciplinary Teaching about Earth for a Sustainable Future program (InTeGrate). The module engages students in place-based explorations of natural hazards, social vulnerability, and the perception of natural hazards and risk. Students integrate geoscience and social science methodologies to (1) identify and assess hazards, vulnerability and risk within their communities; (2) distribute, collect and evaluate survey data (designed by authors) on the knowledge, risk perception and preparedness within their social networks; and (3) deliver a PPT presentation to local stakeholders detailing their findings and recommendations for development of a prepared, resilient community. 'Map your Hazards' underwent four rigorous assessments by a team of geoscience educators and external review before being piloted in our classrooms. The module was piloted in a 300-level 'Volcanoes and Society' course at Boise State University, a 300-level 'Environmental Sociology' course at Central Washington University, and a 100-level 'Natural Disasters and Environmental Geology' course at the College of Western Idaho. In all courses students reported a fascination with learning about the hazards around them and identifying the high risk areas in their communities. They were also surprised at the low level of knowledge, inaccurate risk perception and lack of preparedness of their social networks. This successful approach to engaging students in an interdisciplinary, place-based learning environment also has the broad implications of raising awareness of natural hazards (survey participants are provided links to local hazard and preparedness information). The data and preparedness suggestions can be shared with local emergency managers, who are encouraged to attend the student's final presentations. All module materials are published at serc.carleton.edu/integrate/ and are appropriate to a wide range of classrooms.

  14. Moon and Mars gravity environment during parabolic flights: a new European approach to prepare for planetary exploration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pletser, Vladimir; Clervoy, Jean-Fran; Gharib, Thierry; Gai, Frederic; Mora, Christophe; Rosier, Patrice

    Aircraft parabolic flights provide repetitively up to 20 seconds of reduced gravity during ballis-tic flight manoeuvres. Parabolic flights are used to conduct short microgravity investigations in Physical and Life Sciences and in Technology, to test instrumentation prior to space flights and to train astronauts before a space mission. The European Space Agency (ESA) has organized since 1984 more than fifty parabolic flight campaigns for microgravity research experiments utilizing six different airplanes. More than 600 experiments were conducted spanning several fields in Physical Sciences and Life Sciences, namely Fluid Physics, Combustion Physics, Ma-terial Sciences, fundamental Physics and Technology tests, Human Physiology, cell and animal Biology, and technical tests of Life Sciences instrumentation. Since 1997, ESA uses the Airbus A300 'Zero G', the largest airplane in the world used for this type of experimental research flight and managed by the French company Novespace, a subsidiary of the French space agency CNES. From 2010 onwards, ESA and Novespace will offer the possibility of flying Martian and Moon parabolas during which reduced gravity levels equivalent to those on the Moon and Mars will be achieved repetitively for periods of more than 20 seconds. Scientists are invited to submit experiment proposals to be conducted at these partial gravity levels. This paper presents the technical capabilities of the Airbus A300 Zero-G aircraft used by ESA to support and conduct investigations at Moon-, Mars-and micro-gravity levels to prepare research and exploration during space flights and future planetary exploration missions. Some Physiology and Technology experiments performed during past ESA campaigns at 0, 1/6 an 1/3 g are presented to show the interest of this unique research tool for microgravity and partial gravity investigations.

  15. Bioavialability of Dom Photochemically Released from Resuspended Sediments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Avery, G. B., Jr.; Rainey, D. H.; Mead, R. N.; Skrabal, S. A.; Kieber, R. J.; Felix, J. D.; Helms, J. R.

    2016-02-01

    Little is known regarding the bioavailability of dissolved organic matter (DOM) released photochemically from resuspended estuarine sediments. Sediments were collected from two sites along the Cape Fear River estuary, NC, USA, size fractionated in 0.2 µm filtered Gulf Stream seawater and exposed to simulated sunlight for six hours. Light exposed samples resulted in increases of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) (34 ± 3 µM), chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) (a300nm, 2.7 m-1), and fluorescent dissolved organic matter (FDOM) (78.6 quinine sulfate equivalents (QSE)) compared to dark controls. Ultra high resolution mass spectrometric characterization indicated the photoreleased DOM was more oxidized and condensed based upon van Kreevlan analysis. Samples were then filtered and inoculated to a final ratio of 4% with coastal water sample filtered through a100 µm net to remove larger grazing organisms and particles while keeping most of bacterial community intact. All three parameters were monitored during a 30 day-long incubation in the dark to assess biological consumption and alteration. Previously light exposed samples had double (20 vs. 9 µM) the amount of DOC consumed compared to samples not previously exposed to light and twice the loss of CDOM (a300nm, 0.6 vs. 0.3 m-1) compared to samples not previously exposed to light. Previously light exposed samples resulted in a threefold loss of FDOM (9.5 QSE) compared to samples not previously exposed to light (2.8 QSE). Results of this study are important because they demonstrate dissolved organic matter released photochemically from resuspended sediments is more bioavailable than ambient material likely fueling secondary productivity and impacting ecosystem functioning in coastal regions.

  16. [Study on optical characteristics of chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) in rainwater by fluorescence excitation-emission matrix and absorbance spectroscopy].

    PubMed

    Cheng, Yuan-yue; Guo, Wei-dong; Long, Ai-min; Chen, Shao-yong

    2010-09-01

    The optical characteristics of chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) were determined in rain samples collected in Xiamen Island, during a rainy season in 2007, using fluorescence excitation-emission matrix spectroscopy associated with UV-Vis absorbance spectra. Results showed that the absorbance spectra of CDOM in rain samples decreased exponentially with wavelength. The absorbance coefficient at 300 nm [a(300)] ranged from 0.27 to 3.45 m(-1), which would be used as an index of CDOM abundance, and the mean value was 1.08 m(-1). The content of earlier stage of precipitation events was higher than that of later stage of precipitation events, which implied that anthropogenic sources or atmospheric pollution or air mass types were important contributors to CDOM levels in precipitation. EEMs spectra showed 4 types of fluorescence signals (2 humic-like fluorescence peaks and 2 protein-like fluorescence peaks) in rainwater samples, and there were significant positive correlations of peak A with C and peak B with S, showing their same sources or some relationship of the two humic-like substance and the two protein-like substance. The strong positive correlations of the two humic-like fluorescence peaks with a(300), suggested that the chromophores responsible for absorbance might be the same as fluorophores responsible for fluorescence. Results showed that the presence of highly absorbing and fluorescing CDOM in rainwater is of significant importance in atmospheric chemistry and might play a previously unrecognized role in the wavelength dependent spectral attenuation of solar radiation by atmospheric waters.

  17. High Temperature 300°C Directional Drilling System

    SciTech Connect

    Chatterjee, Kamalesh; Aaron, Dick; Macpherson, John

    2015-07-31

    Many countries around the world, including the USA, have untapped geothermal energy potential. Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) technology is needed to economically utilize this resource. Temperatures in some EGS reservoirs can exceed 300°C. To effectively utilize EGS resources, an array of injector and production wells must be accurately placed in the formation fracture network. This requires a high temperature directional drilling system. Most commercial services for directional drilling systems are rated for 175°C while geothermal wells require operation at much higher temperatures. Two U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Geothermal Technologies Program (GTP) projects have been initiated to develop a 300°Cmore » capable directional drilling system, the first developing a drill bit, directional motor, and drilling fluid, and the second adding navigation and telemetry systems. This report is for the first project, “High Temperature 300°C Directional Drilling System, including drill bit, directional motor and drilling fluid, for enhanced geothermal systems,” award number DE-EE0002782. The drilling system consists of a drill bit, a directional motor, and drilling fluid. The DOE deliverables are three prototype drilling systems. We have developed three drilling motors; we have developed four roller-cone and five Kymera® bits; and finally, we have developed a 300°C stable drilling fluid, along with a lubricant additive for the metal-to-metal motor. Metal-to-metal directional motors require coatings to the rotor and stator for wear and corrosion resistance, and this coating research has been a significant part of the project. The drill bits performed well in the drill bit simulator test, and the complete drilling system has been tested drilling granite at Baker Hughes’ Experimental Test Facility in Oklahoma. The metal-to-metal motor was additionally subjected to a flow loop test in Baker Hughes’ Celle Technology Center in Germany, where it ran for more

  18. Analysis of the costs of veterinary education and factors associated with financial stress among veterinary students in Australia.

    PubMed

    Gregory, K P; Matthew, S M; Baguley, J A

    2018-01-01

    To investigate the course-related and other costs involved in obtaining a veterinary education in Australia and how these costs are met. The study also aimed to identify sociodemographic and course-related factors associated with increased financial stress. Students from seven Australian veterinary schools were surveyed using an online questionnaire. A total of 443 students participated (response rate 17%). Responses to survey items relating to finances, employment and course-related costs were compared with sociodemographic factors and prior research in the area of student financial stress. Respondents reported spending a median of A$300 per week on living costs and a median of A$2,000 per year on course-related expenses. Over half of respondents received the majority of their income from their parents or Youth Allowance (56%). A similar proportion (55%) reported that they needed to work to meet basic living expenses. Circumstances and sociodemographic factors linked to perceived financial stress included requiring additional finances to meet unexpected costs during the course; sourcing additional finances from external loans; an expected tuition debt at graduation over A$40,000; being 22 years or older; working more than 12 hours per week; living costs above A$300 per week; and being female. The costs involved in obtaining a veterinary education in Australia are high and over half of respondents are reliant on parental or Government income support. Respondents with certain sociodemographic profiles are more prone to financial stress. These findings may have implications for the psychological health, diversity and career plans of veterinary students in Australia. © 2017 Australian Veterinary Association.

  19. Zero Gravity Flights as the Most Effective Embryonic Operation for Planned Commercial Spaceport

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abu Samah, Shamsul Kamar; Ridzuan Zakaria, Norul; Nasrun, Nasri; Abu, Jalaluddin; Muszaphar Shukor, Dato'Sheikh

    2013-09-01

    From the experience gained by the management team of Spaceport Malaysia, a popular service that can be provided by a planned commercial spaceport in a country without existing space travel infrastructure are zero gravity flights. Zero gravity flights range from parabolic flights using aerobatic airplane to suborbital flights using rockets, and in the near future using suborbital rocketplanes. Therefore, zero gravity flights can be operated from a certified runway or planned for operation at a future commercial spaceport. With such range of operation, zero gravity flights provide a natural link between a low cost operation of small airplane to exclusive high profile operation of suborbital rocketplane, and this attracts the attention of individuals and organizations that are planning for the establishment of a commercial spaceport. This is the approach chosen by the planners and developers of Spaceport Malaysia. A significant factor in zero gravity flight is the zero gravity time, the period where the payload onboard the airplane or rocketplane will experience zero gravity. Based on the momentum of the airplane or rocketplane, the zero gravity time may vary from few seconds to few minutes and that determines the quality of the zero gravity flight. To achieve zero gravity, the airplane or rocketplane will fly with a steady velocity for a significant time as a gravity control flight, accelerate upwards with an angle producing hypergravity and perform parabolic flight with natural momentum producing zero gravity and followed by dive that will result in another hypergravity flight. 2 zero gravity platforms being considered for operation at and by Spaceport Malaysia are F-5E Tiger II and Airbus A300, since both platforms have been successfully used by a partner of Spaceport Malaysia in performing zero gravity flights. An F-5E fighter jet owned by Royal Malaysian Air Force is being planned to be converted into a zero gravity platform to be operated at and by Spaceport

  20. Forward Masking in Cochlear Implant Users: Electrophysiological and Psychophysical Data Using Pulse Train Maskers.

    PubMed

    Adel, Youssef; Hilkhuysen, Gaston; Noreña, Arnaud; Cazals, Yves; Roman, Stéphane; Macherey, Olivier

    2017-06-01

    Electrical stimulation of auditory nerve fibers using cochlear implants (CI) shows psychophysical forward masking (pFM) up to several hundreds of milliseconds. By contrast, recovery of electrically evoked compound action potentials (eCAPs) from forward masking (eFM) was shown to be more rapid, with time constants no greater than a few milliseconds. These discrepancies suggested two main contributors to pFM: a rapid-recovery process due to refractory properties of the auditory nerve and a slow-recovery process arising from more central structures. In the present study, we investigate whether the use of different maskers between eCAP and psychophysical measures, specifically single-pulse versus pulse train maskers, may have been a source of confound.In experiment 1, we measured eFM using the following: a single-pulse masker, a 300-ms low-rate pulse train masker (LTM, 250 pps), and a 300-ms high-rate pulse train masker (HTM, 5000 pps). The maskers were presented either at same physical current (Φ) or at same perceptual (Ψ) level corresponding to comfortable loudness. Responses to a single-pulse probe were measured for masker-probe intervals ranging from 1 to 512 ms. Recovery from masking was much slower for pulse trains than for the single-pulse masker. When presented at Φ level, HTM produced more and longer-lasting masking than LTM. However, results were inconsistent when LTM and HTM were compared at Ψ level. In experiment 2, masked detection thresholds of single-pulse probes were measured using the same pulse train masker conditions. In line with our eFM findings, masked thresholds for HTM were higher than those for LTM at Φ level. However, the opposite result was found when the pulse trains were presented at Ψ level.Our results confirm the presence of slow-recovery phenomena at the level of the auditory nerve in CI users, as previously shown in animal studies. Inconsistencies between eFM and pFM results, despite using the same masking conditions, further

  1. A multi-source probabilistic hazard assessment of tephra dispersal in the Neapolitan area

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sandri, Laura; Costa, Antonio; Selva, Jacopo; Folch, Arnau; Macedonio, Giovanni; Tonini, Roberto

    2015-04-01

    consistent with previous probabilities maps elaborated for Vesuvius and Campi Flegrei on the basis of single representative scenarios, but show significant differences. In particular, the area characterized by a 300 kg/m2-load exceedance probability larger than 5%, accounting for the whole range of variability (that is, from small violent strombolian to plinian eruptions), is similar to that displayed in the maps based on the medium magnitude reference eruption, but it is of a smaller extent. This is due to the relatively higher weight of the small magnitude eruptions considered in this study, but neglected in the reference scenario maps. On the other hand, in our new maps the area characterized by a 300 kg/m2-load exceedance probability larger than 1% is much larger than that of the medium magnitude reference eruption, due to the contribution of plinian eruptions at lower probabilities, again neglected in the reference scenario maps.

  2. Determination of frequencies of alleles, associated with the pseudodeficiency of lysosomal hydrolases, in population of Ukraine.

    PubMed

    Olkhovych, N V; Gorovenko, N G

    2016-01-01

    The pseudodeficiency of lysosomal hydrolases described as a significant reduction in enzyme activi­ty in vitro in clinically healthy individuals, can lead to diagnostic errors in the process of biochemical analysis of lysosomal storage disease in case of its combination with pathology of another origin. Pseudodeficiency is mostly caused by some non-pathogenic changes in the corresponding gene. These changes lead to the in vitro lability of the enzyme molecule, whereas in vivo the enzyme retains its functional activity. To assess the prevalence of the most common lysosomal hydrolases pseudodeficiency alleles in Ukraine, we have determined the frequency of alleles c.1055A>G and c.* 96A>G in the ARSA gene, substitutions c.739C>T (R247W) and c.745C>T (R249W) in the HEXA gene, c.1726G>A (G576S) and c.2065G>A (E689K) in the GAA gene, c.937G>T (D313Y) in the GLA1 gene and c.898G>A (A300T) in the IDUA gene in a group of 117 healthy individuals from different regions of the country and 14 heterozygous carriers of pathogenic mutations in the HEXA gene (parents of children with confirmed diagnosis of Tay-Sachs disease). The total frequency of haplotypes, associated with arylsulfatase A pseudodeficiency, in healthy people in Ukraine (c.1055G/c.*96G and c.1055G/c.*96A haplotypes) was 10.3%. The frequency of c.739C>T (R247W) allele, associated with hexo­saminidase A pseudodeficiency, among Tay-Sachs carriers from Ukraine was 7.1%. The total frequency of α-glucosidase pseudodeficiency haplotypes in healthy individuals in Ukraine (c.1726A/c.2065A and c.1726G/c.2065A haplotypes) was 2.6%. No person among examined individuals with the substitution c.937G>T (D313Y) in the GLA1 gene and c.898G>A (A300T) in the IDUA gene was found. The differential diagnostics of lysosomal storage diseases requires obligatory determination of the presence of the pseudodeficiency alleles, particularly the ones with high incidence in the total population. Ignoring phenomenon of pseudodeficiency may

  3. The role of a pre-load beverage on gastric volume and food intake: comparison between non-caloric carbonated and non-carbonated beverage.

    PubMed

    Cuomo, Rosario; Savarese, Maria Flavia; Sarnelli, Giovanni; Nicolai, Emanuele; Aragri, Adriana; Cirillo, Carla; Vozzella, Letizia; Zito, Francesco Paolo; Verlezza, Viviana; Efficie, Eleonora; Buyckx, Maxime

    2011-10-14

    There is conflicting data on the effects of carbon dioxide contained in beverages on stomach functions. We aimed to verify the effect of a pre-meal administration of a 300 ml non-caloric carbonated beverage (B+CO2) compared to water or a beverage without CO2 (B-CO2), during a solid (SM) and a liquid meal (LM) on: a) gastric volume, b) caloric intake, c) ghrelin and cholecystokinin (CCK) release in healthy subjects. After drinking the beverages (Water, B-CO2, B+CO2), ten healthy subjects (4 women, aged 22-30 years; BMI 23 ± 1) were asked to consume either an SM or an LM, at a constant rate (110 kcal/5 min). Total gastric volumes (TGV) were evaluated by Magnetic Resonance Imaging after drinking the beverage and at maximum satiety (MS). Total kcal intake at MS was evaluated. Ghrelin and CCK were measured by enzyme immunoassay until 120 min after the meal. Statistical calculations were carried out by paired T-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA). The data is expressed as mean ± SEM. TGV after B+CO2 consumption was significantly higher than after B-CO2 or water (p < 0.05), but at MS, it was no different either during the SM or the LM. Total kcal intake did not differ at MS after any of the beverages tested, with either the SM (Water: 783 ± 77 kcals; B-CO2: 837 ± 66; B+CO2: 774 ± 66) or the LM (630 ± 111; 585 ± 88; 588 ± 95). Area under curve of ghrelin was significantly (p < 0.05) lower (13.8 ± 3.3 ng/ml/min) during SM following B-CO2 compared to B+CO2 and water (26.2 ± 4.5; 27.1 ± 5.1). No significant differences were found for ghrelin during LM, and for CCK during both SM and LM after all beverages. The increase in gastric volume following a 300 ml pre-meal carbonated beverage did not affect food intake whether a solid or liquid meal was given. The consistency of the meal and the carbonated beverage seemed to influence ghrelin release, but were unable, under our experimental conditions, to modify food intake in terms of quantity. Further studies are needed

  4. "Galileo Airborne Test Of Equivalence"-Gate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nobili, A. M.; Unnikrishnan, C. S.; Suresh, D.

    A differential Galileo-type mass dropping experiment named GAL was proposed at the University of Pisa in 1986 and completed at CERN in 1992 (Carusotto et al., PRL 69, 1722) in order to test the Equivalence Principle by testing the Universality of Free Fall. The free falling mass was a disk made of two half disks of different composition; a violation of equivalence would produce an angular acceleration of the disk around its symmetry axis, which was measured with a modified Michelson interferometer. GATE -``Galileo Airborne Test of Equivalence'' is a variant of that experiment to be performed in parabolic flight on-board the ``Airbus A300 Zero-g'' aircraft of the European Space Agency (ESA). The main advantages of GATE with respect to GAL are the longer time of free fall and the absence of weight in the final stage of unlocking. The longer time of fall makes the signal stronger (the signal grows quadratically with the time of fall); unlocking at zero-g can significantly reduce spurious angular accelerations of the disk due to inevitable imperfections in the locking/unlocking mechanism, which turned out to be the limiting factor in GAL. A preliminary estimate indicates that GATE should be able to achieve a sensitivity η ≡ Δ g/g≃ 10-13, an improvement by about 3 orders of magnitude with respect to GAL and by about 1 order of magnitude with respect to the best result obtained with a slowly rotating torsion balance by the ``Eöt-Wash'' group at the University of Washington. Ground tests of the read-out and of the locking/unlocking disturbances can be carried out prior to the aircraft experiment. Locking/unlocking tests, retrieval tests, as well as tests of the aircraft environment can be performed onboard the Airbus A-300 in preparation for the actual experiment. The GATE experiment can be viewed as an Equivalence Principle test of intermediate sensitivity between torsion balance ground tests (10-12), balloon or micro-satellite (150 kg) tests (GREAT and μ SCOPE

  5. Applying the RUSLE and the USLE-M on hillslopes where runoff production during an erosion event is spatially variable

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kinnell, P. I. A.

    2014-11-01

    The assumption that runoff is produced uniformly over the eroding area underlies the traditional use of Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) and the revised version of it, the RUSLE. However, although the application of the USLE/RUSLE to segments on one dimensional hillslopes and cells on two-dimensional hillslopes is based on the assumption that each segment or cell is spatially uniform, factors such as soil infiltration, and hence runoff production, may vary spatially between segments or cells. Results from equations that focus on taking account of spatially variable runoff when applying the USLE/RUSLE and the USLE-M, the modification of the USLE/RUSLE that replaces the EI30 index by the product of EI30 and the runoff ratio, in hillslopes during erosion events where runoff is not produced uniformly were compared on a hypothetical a 300 m long one-dimensional hillslope with a spatially uniform gradient. Results were produced for situations where all the hillslope was tilled bare fallow and where half of the hillslope was cropped with corn and half was tilled bare fallow. Given that the erosive stress within a segment or cell depends on the volume of surface water flowing through the segment or cell, soil loss can be expected to increase not only with distance from the point where runoff begins but also directly with runoff when it varies about the average for the slope containing the segment or cell. The latter effect was achieved when soil loss was predicted using the USLE-M but not when the USLE/RUSLE slope length factor for a segment using an effective upslope length that varies with the ratio of the upslope runoff coefficient and the runoff coefficient for the slope to the bottom of the segment or cell was used. The USLE-M also predicted deposition to occur in a segment containing corn when an area with tilled bare fallow soil existed immediately upslope of it because the USLE-M models erosion on runoff and soil loss plots as a transport limited system. In a

  6. The role of a pre-load beverage on gastric volume and food intake: comparison between non-caloric carbonated and non-carbonated beverage

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background There is conflicting data on the effects of carbon dioxide contained in beverages on stomach functions. We aimed to verify the effect of a pre-meal administration of a 300 ml non-caloric carbonated beverage (B+CO2) compared to water or a beverage without CO2 (B-CO2), during a solid (SM) and a liquid meal (LM) on: a) gastric volume, b) caloric intake, c) ghrelin and cholecystokinin (CCK) release in healthy subjects. Methods After drinking the beverages (Water, B-CO2, B+CO2), ten healthy subjects (4 women, aged 22-30 years; BMI 23 ± 1) were asked to consume either an SM or an LM, at a constant rate (110 kcal/5 min). Total gastric volumes (TGV) were evaluated by Magnetic Resonance Imaging after drinking the beverage and at maximum satiety (MS). Total kcal intake at MS was evaluated. Ghrelin and CCK were measured by enzyme immunoassay until 120 min after the meal. Statistical calculations were carried out by paired T-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA). The data is expressed as mean ± SEM. Results TGV after B+CO2 consumption was significantly higher than after B-CO2 or water (p < 0.05), but at MS, it was no different either during the SM or the LM. Total kcal intake did not differ at MS after any of the beverages tested, with either the SM (Water: 783 ± 77 kcals; B-CO2: 837 ± 66; B+CO2: 774 ± 66) or the LM (630 ± 111; 585 ± 88; 588 ± 95). Area under curve of ghrelin was significantly (p < 0.05) lower (13.8 ± 3.3 ng/ml/min) during SM following B-CO2 compared to B+CO2 and water (26.2 ± 4.5; 27.1 ± 5.1). No significant differences were found for ghrelin during LM, and for CCK during both SM and LM after all beverages. Conclusions The increase in gastric volume following a 300 ml pre-meal carbonated beverage did not affect food intake whether a solid or liquid meal was given. The consistency of the meal and the carbonated beverage seemed to influence ghrelin release, but were unable, under our experimental conditions, to modify food intake in terms

  7. Development of a silicone hollow fiber membrane oxygenator for ECMO application.

    PubMed

    Yamane, S; Ohashi, Y; Sueoka, A; Sato, K; Kuwana, J; Nosé, Y

    1998-01-01

    A new silicone hollow fiber membrane oxygenator for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was developed using an ultrathin silicone hollow fiber, with a 300 microm outer diameter and a wall thickness of 50 microm. The hollow fibers were mechanically cross-wound on the flow distributor to achieve equal distribution of blood flow without changing the fiber shape. The housing, made of silicone coated acryl, was 236 mm long with an inner diameter of 60 mm. The surface area was 1.0 m2 for prototype 211, and 1.1 m2 for prototype 209. The silicone fiber length was 150 mm, and the silicone membrane packing density was 43% for prototype 211 and 36% for prototype 209. Prototype 211 has a priming volume of 208 ml, and prototype 209 has a priming volume of 228 ml. The prototype 211 oxygenator demonstrates a gas transfer rate of 120 +/- 5 ml/min (mean +/- SD) for O2 and 67 +/- 12 ml/min for CO2 under 2 L of blood flow and 4 L of O2 gas flow. Prototype 209 produced the same values. The blood side pressure drop was low compared with the silicone sheet oxygenator (Avecor, 1500ECMO). These results showed that this new oxygenator for ECMO had efficiency similar to the silicone sheet oxygenator that has a 50% larger surface area. These results suggest that the new generation oxygenator using an ultrathin silicone hollow fiber possesses sufficient gas transfer performance for long-term extracorporeal lung support.

  8. Simultaneous acute rotator cuff tear and distal biceps rupture in a strongman competitor.

    PubMed

    George, Michael S

    2010-04-01

    Acute rotator cuff tear is commonly associated with tearing of the proximal biceps tendon, but has never been reported to occur simultaneously with a distal biceps tendon rupture. A 38-year-old right-hand-dominant strongman competitor attempted a 300-pound overhead axle press and experienced immediate pain in the right shoulder and elbow. He had no known systemic risk factors for tendon ruptures including hyperparathyroidism, hemodialysis, alcoholism, rheumatoid arthritis, statin medications, fluoroquinolones, and steroid use.Right shoulder magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a full-thickness supraspinatus tear with 3 cm of retraction. There was minimal fatty infiltration of the supraspinatus on the sagittal cuts consistent with acute rupture. The subscapularis was intact. The long head of the biceps tendon had mild medial subluxation but was completely within the bicipital groove. Right elbow MRI showed a complete distal biceps tendon rupture. Thirteen days after his injury, the patient underwent arthroscopic supraspinatus repair and proximal biceps tenodesis. Distal biceps tendon repair was performed using the modified 2-incision muscle-splitting technique. At 24-month follow-up, the patient was pain free and had returned to full activity including weightlifting but had not returned to strongman competition.This is the first report of simultaneous acute full thickness ruptures of the rotator cuff and distal biceps tendon. This case report underscores the importance of a complete physical examination and a high index of suspicion for additional concomitant injuries, particularly in athletes with unusually high stresses to the body. Copyright 2010, SLACK Incorporated.

  9. Fabrication of biporous low-crystalline apatite based on mannitol dissolution from apatite cement.

    PubMed

    Tajima, Shinya; Kishi, Yuji; Oda, Makoto; Maruta, Michito; Matsuya, Shigeki; Ishikawa, Kunio

    2006-09-01

    Biporous (macro- and microporous) calcium phosphate gains much attention as a bone substitute material because of its large surface area and that it improves cell penetration. In the present study, we evaluated the feasibility of biporous, low-crystalline apatite based on dissolution of mannitol from self-setting apatite cement (Biopex). Mannitol--known as a biocompatible, easily dissolved monosaccharide alcohol--was recrystallized to obtain larger crystals. It was crushed with pestle and mortar, sieved to obtain crystals which passed through a 500-microm mesh but which remained against a 300-microm mesh, and then used as porogen. Although Biopex containing 60 wt% mannitol was not able to be taken out of the mold, addition of mannitol caused no initial setting inhibition to Biopex if the amount was 40 wt% or less. Similarly, transformation to apatitic product was confirmed when the apatite cement was immersed in 0.9% saline kept at 37 degrees C for seven days. The set mass became low-crystalline, biporous apatite with approximately 60% porosity.

  10. Design of Hybrid Solar and Wind Energy Harvester for Fishing Boat

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Banjarnahor, D. A.; Hanifan, M.; Budi, E. M.

    2017-07-01

    In southern beach of West Java, Indonesia, there are many villagers live as fishermen. They use small boats for fishing, in one to three days. Therefore, they need a fish preservation system. Fortunately, the area has high potential of solar and wind energy. This paper presents the design of a hybrid solar and wind energy harvester to power a refrigerator in the fishing boat. The refrigerator should keep the fish in 2 - 4 °C. The energy needed is 720 Wh daily. In the area, the daily average wind velocity is 4.27 m/s and the sun irradiation is 672 W/m2. The design combined two 100W solar panels and a 300W wind turbine. The testing showed that the solar panels can harvest 815 - 817 Wh of energy, while the wind turbine can harvest 43 - 62 Wh of energy daily. Therefore, the system can fulfil the energy requirement in fishing boat, although the solar panels were more dominant. To install the wind turbine on the fishing-boat, a computational design had been conducted. The boat hydrostatic dimension was measured to determine its stability condition. To reach a stable equilibrium condition, the wind turbine should be installed no more than 1.7 m of height.

  11. Evidence for an intense solar outburst in prehistory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peratt, A. L.; Yao, W. F.

    2008-04-01

    A past intense solar outburst and its effect on Earth was proposed by Gold [3] who based his hypotheses on astronomical and geophysical evidence. The discovery that objects from Neolithic or Early Bronze Ages carry patterns of high-current Z-pinches provides insight into the origin and meaning of these ancient symbols produced by mankind. A comparison of graphical and radiation data from high-current Z-pinches to petroglyphs and megaliths is made [1]. These correspond to mankind's visual observations of ancient aurora if the solar wind had increased at times between one and two orders of magnitude, millennia ago [3]. Reference [2] focused on the source of light and its temporal change from a current-increasing Z-Pinch or dense plasma focus aurora. The orientation and field-of-view (FOV) as surveyed and contributed from 139 countries, the latest data coming from a 300 km survey along the Orinoco River Basin in Venezuela, is given. A reconstruction of the auroral form is shown based on existent geophysical evidence. Shown are relativistic electron flows inward at Earth's south polar axis and hypervelocity proton impacts around the north polar axis. 1. A. L. Peratt, Trans. Plasma Sci., 31, 1192, 2003. 2. A. L. Peratt, Trans. Plasma Sci., 35, 778, 2007. 3. T. Gold, Pontificiae Academiae Scientiarvm Scripta Varia 25, 159, 1962.

  12. Dune mobility in the St. Anthony Dune Field, Idaho, USA: Effects of meteorological variables and lag time

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hoover, R. H.; Gaylord, D. R.; Cooper, C. M.

    2018-05-01

    The St. Anthony Dune Field (SADF) is a 300 km2 expanse of active to stabilized transverse, barchan, barchanoid, and parabolic sand dunes located in a semi-arid climate in southeastern Idaho. The northeastern portion of the SADF, 16 km2, was investigated to examine meteorological influences on dune mobility. Understanding meteorological predictors of sand-dune migration for the SADF informs landscape evolution and impacts assessment of eolian activity on sensitive agricultural lands in the western United States, with implications for semi-arid environments globally. Archival aerial photos from 1954 to 2011 were used to calculate dune migration rates which were subsequently compared to regional meteorological data, including temperature, precipitation and wind speed. Observational analyses based on aerial photo imagery and meteorological data indicate that dune migration is influenced by weather for up to 5-10 years and therefore decadal weather patterns should be taken into account when using dune migration rates as proxies from climate fluctuation. Statistical examination of meteorological variables in this study indicates that 24% of the variation of sand dune migration rates is attributed to temperature, precipitation and wind speed, which is increased to 45% when incorporating lag time.

  13. Clay Nanocomposite/Aerogel Sandwich Structures for Cryotanks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Miller, Sandi; Leventis, Nicholas; Johnston, J. Chris; Meador, Michael

    2006-01-01

    GRC research has led to the development of epoxy-clay nanocomposites with 60-70% lower gas permeability than the base epoxy resin. Filament wound carbon fiber reinforced tanks made with this nanocomposite had a five-fold lower helium leak rate than the corresponding tanks made without clay. More recent work has produced new composites with more than a 100-fold reduction in helium permeability. Use of these advanced, high barrier composites would eliminate the need for a liner in composite cryotanks, thereby simplifying construction and reducing propellant leakage. Aerogels are attractive materials for use as cryotank insulation because of their low density and low thermal conductivity. However, aerogels are fragile and have poor environmental stability, which have limited their use to certain applications in specialized environments (e.g., in certain types of nuclear reactors as Cerenkov radiation detectors, and as thermal insulators aboard space rovers on Mars). New GRC developed polymer crosslinked aerogels (X-Aerogels) retain the low density of conventional aerogels, but they demonstrate a 300-fold increase in their mechanical strength. Currently, our strongest materials combine a density of approx. 0.45 g/cc, a thermal conductivity of approx. 0.04 W/mK and a compressive strength of 185 MPa. Use of these novel aerogels as insulation materials/structural components in combination with the low permeability of epoxy-clay nanocomposites could significantly reduce cryotank weight and improve durability.

  14. Stress imparted by the great 2004 Sumatra earthquake shut down transforms and activated rifts up to 400 km away in the Andaman Sea

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Sevilgen, Volkan; Stein, Ross S.; Pollitz, Fred F.

    2012-01-01

    The origin and prevalence of triggered seismicity and remote aftershocks are under debate. As a result, they have been excluded from probabilistic seismic hazard assessment and aftershock hazard notices. The 2004 M = 9.2 Sumatra earthquake altered seismicity in the Andaman backarc rift-transform system. Here we show that over a 300-km-long largely transform section of the backarc, M≥4.5 earthquakes stopped for five years, and over a 750-km-long backarc section, the rate of transform events dropped by two-thirds, while the rate of rift events increased eightfold. We compute the propagating dynamic stress wavefield and find the peak dynamic Coulomb stress is similar on the rifts and transforms. Long-period dynamic stress amplitudes, which are thought to promote dynamic failure, are higher on the transforms than on the rifts, opposite to the observations. In contrast to the dynamic stress, we calculate that the mainshock brought the transform segments approximately 0.2 bar (0.02 MPa) farther from static Coulomb failure and the rift segments approximately 0.2 bar closer to static failure, consistent with the seismic observations. This accord means that changes in seismicity rate are sufficiently predictable to be included in post-mainshock hazard evaluations.

  15. Stress imparted by the great 2004 Sumatra earthquake shut down transforms and activated rifts up to 400 km away in the Andaman Sea

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Sevilgen, Volkan; Stein, Ross S.; Pollitz, Fred F.

    2012-01-01

    The origin and prevalence of triggered seismicity and remote aftershocks are under debate. As a result, they have been excluded from probabilistic seismic hazard assessment and aftershock hazard notices. The 2004 M = 9.2 Sumatra earthquake altered seismicity in the Andaman backarc rift-transform system. Here we show that over a 300-km-long largely transform section of the backarc, M ≥ 4.5 earthquakes stopped for five years, and over a 750-km-long backarc section, the rate of transform events dropped by two-thirds, while the rate of rift events increased eightfold. We compute the propagating dynamic stress wavefield and find the peak dynamic Coulomb stress is similar on the rifts and transforms. Long-period dynamic stress amplitudes, which are thought to promote dynamic failure, are higher on the transforms than on the rifts, opposite to the observations. In contrast to the dynamic stress, we calculate that the mainshock brought the transform segments approximately 0.2 bar (0.02 MPa) farther from static Coulomb failure and the rift segments approximately 0.2 bar closer to static failure, consistent with the seismic observations. This accord means that changes in seismicity rate are sufficiently predictable to be included in post-mainshock hazard evaluations.

  16. Photoluminescence Enhancement of Silole-Capped Silicon Quantum Dots Based on Förster Resonance Energy Transfer.

    PubMed

    Kim, Seongwoong; Kim, Sungsoo; Ko, Young Chun; Sohn, Honglae

    2015-07-01

    Photoluminescent porous silicon were prepared by an electrochemical etch of n-type silicon under the illumination with a 300 W tungsten filament bulb for the duration of etch. The red photoluminescence emitting at 650 nm with an excitation wavelength of 450 nm is due to the quantum confinement of silicon quantum dots in porous silicon. HO-terminated red luminescent PS was obtained by an electrochemical treatment of fresh PS with the current of 150 mA for 60 seconds in water and sodium chloride. As-prepared PS was sonicated, fractured, and centrifuged in toluene solution to obtain photoluminescence silicon quantum dots. Dichlorotetraphenylsilole exhibiting an emission band at 520 nm was reacted with HO-terminated silicon quantum dots to give a silole-capped silicon quantum dots. The optical characterization of silole-derivatized silicon quantum dots was investigated by UV-vis and fluorescence spectrometer. The fluorescence emission efficiency of silole-capped silicon quantum dots was increased by about 2.5 times due to F6rster resonance energy transfer from silole moiety to silicon quantum dots.

  17. Antimicrobial nanoparticle-coated electrostatic air filter with high filtration efficiency and low pressure drop.

    PubMed

    Sim, Kyoung Mi; Park, Hyun-Seol; Bae, Gwi-Nam; Jung, Jae Hee

    2015-11-15

    In this study, we demonstrated an antimicrobial nanoparticle-coated electrostatic (ES) air filter. Antimicrobial natural-product Sophora flavescens nanoparticles were produced using an aerosol process, and were continuously deposited onto the surface of air filter media. For the electrostatic activation of the filter medium, a corona discharge electrification system was used before and after antimicrobial treatment of the filter. In the antimicrobial treatment process, the deposition efficiency of S. flavescens nanoparticles on the ES filter was ~12% higher than that on the pristine (Non-ES) filter. In the evaluation of filtration performance using test particles (a nanosized KCl aerosol and submicron-sized Staphylococcus epidermidis bioaerosol), the ES filter showed better filtration efficiency than the Non-ES filter. However, antimicrobial treatment with S. flavescens nanoparticles affected the filtration efficiency of the filter differently depending on the size of the test particles. While the filtration efficiency of the KCl nanoparticles was reduced on the ES filter after the antimicrobial treatment, the filtration efficiency was improved after the recharging process. In summary, we prepared an antimicrobial ES air filter with >99% antimicrobial activity, ~92.5% filtration efficiency (for a 300-nm KCl aerosol), and a ~0.8 mmAq pressure drop (at 13 cm/s). This study provides valuable information for the development of a hybrid air purification system that can serve various functions and be used in an indoor environment. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  18. Altered osteoblast structure and function in parabolic flight

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhong-Quan, Dai; Ying-Hui, Li; Fen, Yang; Bai, Ding; Ying-Jun, Tan

    Introduction Bone loss has a significant impact on astronauts during spaceflight being one of the main obstacles preventing interplanetary missions However the exact mechanism is not well understood In the present study we investigated the effects of acute gravitational changes generated by parabolic flight on the structure and function of osteoblasts ROS17 2 8 carried by airbus A300 Methods The alteration of microfilament cytoskeleton was observed by the Texas red conjugated Phalloidin and Alexa Fluor 488 conjugated DNase I immunofluorescence stain ALP activity and expression COL1A1 expression osteocalcin secrete which presenting the osteoblast function were detected by modified calcium and cobalt method RT-PCR and radioimmunity methods respectively Results The changed gravity induced the reorganization of microfilament cytoskeleton of osteoblast After 3 hours parabolic flight F-actin of osteoblast cytoskeleton became more thickness and directivity whereas G-actin reduced and relatively concentrated at the edge of nucleus observed by confocal fluorescence microscopy This phenomenon is identical with structure alternation observed in hypergravity but the osteoblast function decrease The excretion of osteocalcin the activity and mRNA expression of ALP decrease but the COL1A1 expression has no changes These results were similar to the changes in simulated or real microgravity Conclusion Above results suggest that short time gravity alternative change induce osteoblast structure and function

  19. Comment on the paper "Mars Express radio occultation data: A novel analysis approach" by Grandin et al. (2014)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pätzold, M.; Bird, M. K.; Häusler, B.; Peter, K.; Tellmann, S.; Tyler, G. L.

    2016-10-01

    In their recent paper, Grandin et al. (2014) claim to have developed a novel approach, principally a ray tracing method, to analyze radio sounding data from occulted spacecraft signals by planetary atmospheres without the usual assumptions of the radio occultation inversion method of a stratified, layered, symmetric atmosphere. They apply their "new approach" to observations of the Mars Express Radio Science (MaRS) experiment and compare their resulting temperature, neutral number density, and electron density profiles with those from MaRS, claiming that there is good agreement with the observations. The fact is, however, that there are serious disagreements in the most important altitude ranges. Their temperature profile shows a 30 K shift or a 300σ (1σ standard deviation = 0.1 K for the MaRS profile near the surface) difference toward warmer temperatures at the surface when compared with MaRS, while the MaRS profile is in best agreement with the profile from the Mars Climate Data Base V5.0 (MCD V5.0). Their full temperature profile from the surface to 250 km altitude deviates significantly from the MCD V5.0 profile. Their ionospheric electron density profile is considerably different from that derived from the MaRs observations. Although Grandin et al. (2014) claim to derive the neutral number density and temperature profiles above 200 km, including the asymptotic exosphere temperature, it is simply not possible to derive this information from what is essentially noise.

  20. Identification and expression analysis of two pro-inflammatory cytokines, TNF-α and IL-8, in cobia (Rachycentron canadum L.) in response to Streptococcus dysgalactiae infection.

    PubMed

    Nguyen, Thuy Thi Thu; Nguyen, Hai Trong; Wang, Pei-Chyi; Chen, Shih-Chu

    2017-08-01

    Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-8 (IL-8/CXCL8) play pivotal roles in mediating inflammatory responses to invading pathogens. In this study, we identified and analyzed expressions of cobia TNF-α and IL-8 during Streptococcus dysgalactiae infection. The cloned cDNA transcript of cobia TNF-α comprised of 1281 base pairs (bp), with a 774 bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding 257 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence of cobia TNF-α showed a close relationship (84% similarity) with TNF-α of yellowtail amberjack. The cloned IL-8 cDNA sequence was 828 bp long, including a 300-bp ORF encoding 99 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence of cobia IL-8 shared 90% identity with IL-8 of striped trumpeter. Cobia challenged with a virulent S. dysgalactiae strain displayed an early significant up-regulation of TNF-α and IL-8 in head kidney, liver, and spleen. Notably, IL-8 expression level increased dramatically in the liver at the severe stage of infection (72 h). In conclusion, a better understanding of TNF-α and IL-8 allows more detailed investigation of immune responses in cobia and furthers study on controlling the infectious disease caused by S. dysgalactiae. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Commissioning and Operation of a Cryogenic Target at HI γS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kendellen, David; Compton@HIγ Collaboration

    2016-09-01

    We have developed a cryogenic target for use at the High Intensity γ-ray Source (HI γS). The target system is able to liquefy helium-4 (LHe) at 4 K, hydrogen (LH2) at 20 K, or deuterium (LD2) at 23 K to fill a 0.3 L Kapton cell. Liquid temperatures and condenser pressures are recorded throughout each run in order to ensure that the target's areal density is known to 1 % . A low-temperature valve enables cycling between full and empty modes in less than 15 minutes. The target is being utilized in a series of experiments which probe the electromagnetic polarizabilities of the nucleon by Compton scattering high-energy photons from the liquid and detecting them with the HI γS NaI Detector Array (HINDA). During a 50-hour-long commissioning run last fall, the target held LHe at 3.17 K, followed by a 300-hour-long production run this spring with LD2 at 23.9 K. The design of the target will be presented and its performance during these two runs will be discussed. Work supported by US Department of Energy Contracts DE-FG02-97ER41033, DE-FG02-06ER41422, and DE-SCOO0536.

  2. Selected plantar pressure characteristics associated with the skating performance of national in-line speed skaters.

    PubMed

    Wu, Wen-Lan; Hsu, Hsiu-Tao; Chu, I-Hua; Tsai, Feng-Hua; Liang, Jing-Min

    2017-06-01

    In order to help coaches analyse the techniques of professional in-line speed skaters for making the required fine adjustments and corrections in their push-off work, this study analysed the specific plantar pressure characteristics during a 300-m time-trial test. Fourteen elite in-line speed skaters from the national team were recruited in this study. The total completion time of the 300-m time-trial test, duration of each skating phase, and plantar pressure distribution were measured. The correlation between plantar pressure distribution and skating performance was assessed using Pearson correlation analyses. The results showed that the contact time of the total foot and force-time integral (FTI) in the medial forefoot were significantly correlated with the duration of the start phase, and the FTIs in the medial forefoot of the gliding (left) leg and lateral forefoot of the pushing (right) leg were significantly correlated with the duration of the turning phase. The maximum force in the medial heel, medial forefoot, and median forefoot and the FTI in the medial heel and medial forefoot were significantly correlated with the duration of the linear acceleration phase. The results suggest that a correct plantar loading area and push-off strategy can enhance the skating performance.

  3. Dipeptides as effective prodrugs of the unnatural amino acid (+)-2-aminobicyclo[3.1.0]hexane-2,6-dicarboxylic acid (LY354740), a selective group II metabotropic glutamate receptor agonist.

    PubMed

    Bueno, Ana Belén; Collado, Iván; de Dios, Alfonso; Domínguez, Carmen; Martín, José Alfredo; Martín, Luisa M; Martínez-Grau, María Angeles; Montero, Carlos; Pedregal, Concepción; Catlow, John; Coffey, D Scott; Clay, Michael P; Dantzig, Anne H; Lindstrom, Terry; Monn, James A; Jiang, Haiyan; Schoepp, Darryle D; Stratford, Robert E; Tabas, Linda B; Tizzano, Joseph P; Wright, Rebecca A; Herin, Marc F

    2005-08-11

    (+)-2-Aminobicyclo[3.1.0]hexane-2,6-dicarboxylic acid (1), also known as LY354740, is a highly potent and selective agonist for group II metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGlu receptors 2 and 3) tested in clinical trials. It has been shown to block anxiety in the fear-potentiated startle model. Its relatively low bioavailability in different animal species drove the need for an effective prodrug form that would produce a therapeutic response at lower doses for the treatment of anxiety disorders. We have investigated the increase of intestinal absorption of this compound by targeting the human peptide transporter hPepT1 for active transport of di- and tripeptides derived from 1. We have found that oral administration of an N dipeptide derivative of 1 (12a) in rats shows up to an 8-fold increase in drug absorption and a 300-fold increase in potency in the fear-potentiated startle model in rats when compared with the parent drug 1.

  4. Remote third shift EAST operation: a new paradigm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schissel, D. P.; Coviello, E.; Eidietis, N.; Flanagan, S.; Garcia, F.; Humphreys, D.; Kostuk, M.; Lanctot, M.; Lee, X.; Margo, M.; Miller, D.; Parker, C.; Penaflor, B.; Qian, J. P.; Sun, X.; Tan, H.; Walker, M.; Xiao, B.; Yuan, Q.

    2017-05-01

    General Atomics’ (GA) scientists in the United States remotely conducted experimental operation of the experimental advanced superconducting tokamak (EAST) in China during its third shift. Scientists led these experiments in a dedicated remote control room that utilized a novel computer science hardware and software infrastructure to allow data movement, visualization, and communication on the time scale of EAST’s pulse cycle. This Fusion Science Collaboration Zone infrastructure allows the movement of large amounts of data between continents in a short time scale with a 300-fold increase in data transfer rate over that available using the traditional transmission protocol. Real-time data from control systems is moved almost instantaneously. An event system tied to the EAST pulse cycle allows automatic initiation of data transfers, resulting in bulk EAST data to be transferred to GA within minutes. The EAST data at GA is served via MDSplus to approved US collaborators avoiding multiple US clients from requesting data from EAST and competing for the long-haul network’s bandwidth. At present there are 37 approved scientists from 8 US research institutions.

  5. Application of a fast Newton-Krylov solver for equilibrium simulations of phosphorus and oxygen

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fu, Weiwei; Primeau, François

    2017-11-01

    Model drift due to inadequate spinup is a serious problem that complicates the interpretation of climate change simulations. Even after a 300 year spinup we show that solutions are not only still drifting but often drifting away from their eventual equilibrium over large parts of the ocean. Here we present a Newton-Krylov solver for computing cyclostationary equilibrium solutions of a biogeochemical model for the cycling of phosphorus and oxygen. In addition to using previously developed preconditioning strategies - time-averaging and coarse-graining the Jacobian matrix - we also introduce a new strategy: the adiabatic elimination of a fast variable (particulate organic phosphorus) by slaving it to a slow variable (dissolved inorganic phosphorus). We use transport matrices derived from the Community Earth System Model (CESM) with a nominal horizontal resolution of 1° × 1° and 60 vertical levels to implement and test the solver. We find that the new solver obtains seasonally-varying equilibrium solutions with no visible drift using no more than 80 simulation years.

  6. Lightning Current Measurement with Fiber-Optic Sensor

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nguyen, Truong X.; Ely, Jay J.; Szatkowski, George N.; Mata, Carlos T.; Mata, Angel G.; Snyder, Gary P.

    2014-01-01

    A fiber-optic current sensor is successfully developed with many potential applications for electric current measurement. Originally developed for in-flight lightning measurement, the sensor utilizes Faraday Effect in an optical fiber. The Faraday Effect causes linear light polarization in a fiber to rotate when the fiber is exposed to a magnetic field. The polarization change is detected using a reflective polarimetric scheme. Forming fiber loops and applying Ampere's law, measuring the total light rotation results in the determination of the total current enclosed. The sensor is conformable to complex structure geometry. It is also non-conductive and immune to electromagnetic interference, saturation or hysteresis. Installation is non-intrusive, and the sensor can be safely routed through flammable areas. Two similar sensor systems are described in this paper. The first system operates at 1310nm laser wavelength and is capable of measuring approximately 300 A - 300 kA, a 60 dB range. Laboratory validation results of aircraft lighting direct and in-direct effect current amplitudes are reported for this sensor. The second system operates at 1550nm wavelength and can measure about 400 A - 400 kA. Triggered-lightning measurement data are presented for this system. Good results are achieved in all cases.

  7. Industrial Raman gas sensing for real-time system control

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Buric, M.; Mullen, J.; Chorpening, B.; Woodruff, S.

    2014-06-01

    Opportunities exist to improve on-line process control in energy applications with a fast, non-destructive measurement of gas composition. Here, we demonstrate a Raman sensing system which is capable of reporting the concentrations of numerous species simultaneously with sub-percent accuracy and sampling times below one-second for process control applications in energy or chemical production. The sensor is based upon a hollow-core capillary waveguide with a 300 micron bore with reflective thin-film metal and dielectric linings. The effect of using such a waveguide in a Raman process is to integrate Raman photons along the length of the sample-filled waveguide, thus permitting the acquisition of very large Raman signals for low-density gases in a short time. The resultant integrated Raman signals can then be used for quick and accurate analysis of a gaseous mixture. The sensor is currently being tested for energy applications such as coal gasification, turbine control, well-head monitoring for exploration or production, and non-conventional gas utilization. In conjunction with an ongoing commercialization effort, the researchers have recently completed two prototype instruments suitable for hazardous area operation and testing. Here, we report pre-commercialization testing of those field prototypes for control applications in gasification or similar processes. Results will be discussed with respect to accuracy, calibration requirements, gas sampling techniques, and possible control strategies of industrial significance.

  8. Laser aircraft. [using kerosene

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hertzberg, A.; Sun, K.; Jones, W. S.

    1979-01-01

    The concept of a laser-powered aircraft is discussed. Laser flight would be completely compatible with existing airports and air-traffic control, with the airplane using kerosene only power, up to a cruising altitude of 9 km where the laser satellite would lock on and beam laser energy to it. Two major components make up the laser turbofan, a heat exchanger for converting laser radiation into thermal energy, and conventional turbomachinery. The laser power satellite would put out 42 Mw using a solar-powered thermal engine to generate electrical power for the closed-cycle supersonic electric discharge CO laser, whose radiators, heat exchangers, supersonic diffuser, and ducting will amount to 85% of the total subsystem mass. Relay satellites will be used to intercept the beam from the laser satellite, correct outgoing beam aberrations, and direct the beam to the next target. A 300-airplane fleet with transcontinental range is projected to save enough kerosene to equal the energy content of the entire system, including power and relay satellites, in one year.

  9. Combined "dual" absorption and fluorescence smartphone spectrometers.

    PubMed

    Arafat Hossain, Md; Canning, John; Ast, Sandra; Cook, Kevin; Rutledge, Peter J; Jamalipour, Abbas

    2015-04-15

    A combined "dual" absorption and fluorescence smartphone spectrometer is demonstrated. The optical sources used in the system are the white flash LED of the smartphone and an orthogonally positioned and interchangeable UV (λex=370  nm) and blue (λex=450  nm) LED. The dispersive element is a low-cost, nano-imprinted diffraction grating coated with Au. Detection over a 300 nm span with 0.42 nm/pixel resolution was carried out with the camera CMOS chip. By integrating the blue and UV excitation sources into the white LED circuitry, the entire system is self-contained within a 3D printed case and powered from the smartphone battery; the design can be scaled to add further excitation sources. Using a customized app, acquisition of absorption and fluorescence spectra are demonstrated using a blue-absorbing and green-emitting pH-sensitive amino-naphthalimide-based fluorescent probe and a UV-absorbing and blue-emitting Zn2+-sensitive fluoro-ionophore.

  10. Development and fabrication of large vented nickel--zinc cells. Final report. [300 Ah

    SciTech Connect

    Donnel, C.P.I.

    1975-12-01

    A preliminary cell design for a 300-Ah vented nickel--zinc cell was established based on volume requirements and cell component materials selected by NASA Lewis Research Center. A 100-Ah cell configuration was derived from the 300-Ah cell design utilizing the same size electrodes, separators, and cell terminal hardware. The first cells fabricated were four groups of three cells each in the 100-Ah size. These 100-Ah experimental nickel--zinc cells had as common components the nickel positive electrodes (GFM), flexible inorganic separator (GFM) bags on the negative electrodes, pressed powder zinc oxide electrodes, and cell containers with hardware. The variations introduced were fourmore » differing electrolyte absorber (interseparator) systems used to encase the nickel positive electrodes of each cell group. The four groups of 100-Ah experimental vented nickel--zinc cells were tested to determine, based on cell performance, the best two interseparator systems. Using the two interseparator systems, two groups of experimental 300-AH cells were fabricated. Each group of three cells differed only in the interseparator material used. The six cells were filled, formed and tested to evaluate the interseparator materials and investigate the performance characteristics of the 300-Ah cell configuration and its components. (auth)« less

  11. Hydrogen-assisted stable crack growth in iron-3 wt% silicon steel

    SciTech Connect

    Marrow, T.J.; Prangnell, P.; Aindow, M.

    1996-08-01

    Observations of internal hydrogen cleavage in Fe-3Si are reported. Hydrogen-assisted stable crack growth (H-SCG) is associated with cleavage striations of a 300 nm spacing, observed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). High resolution SEM revealed finer striations, previously undetected, with a spacing of approximately 30 nm. These were parallel to the coarser striations. Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) also showed the fine striation spacing, and gave a striation height of approximately 15 nm. The crack front was not parallel to the striations. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) of crack tip plastic zones showed {l_brace}112{r_brace} and {l_brace}110{r_brace} slip, withmore » a high dislocation density (around 10{sup 14}m{sup {minus}2}). The slip plane spacing was approximately 15--30 nm. Parallel arrays of high dislocation density were observed in the wake of the hydrogen cleavage crack. It is concluded that H-ScG in Fe-3Si occurs by periodic brittle cleavage on the {l_brace}001{r_brace} planes. This is preceded by dislocation emission. The coarse striations are produced by crack tip blunting and the fine striations by dislocations attracted by image forces to the fracture surface after cleavage. The effects of temperature, pressure and yield strength on the kinetics of H-SCG can be predicted using a model for diffusion of hydrogen through the plastic zone.« less

  12. Opportunities for Open Automated Demand Response in Wastewater Treatment Facilities in California - Phase II Report. San Luis Rey Wastewater Treatment Plant Case Study

    SciTech Connect

    Thompson, Lisa; Lekov, Alex; McKane, Aimee

    2010-08-20

    This case study enhances the understanding of open automated demand response opportunities in municipal wastewater treatment facilities. The report summarizes the findings of a 100 day submetering project at the San Luis Rey Wastewater Treatment Plant, a municipal wastewater treatment facility in Oceanside, California. The report reveals that key energy-intensive equipment such as pumps and centrifuges can be targeted for large load reductions. Demand response tests on the effluent pumps resulted a 300 kW load reduction and tests on centrifuges resulted in a 40 kW load reduction. Although tests on the facility?s blowers resulted in peak period load reductions ofmore » 78 kW sharp, short-lived increases in the turbidity of the wastewater effluent were experienced within 24 hours of the test. The results of these tests, which were conducted on blowers without variable speed drive capability, would not be acceptable and warrant further study. This study finds that wastewater treatment facilities have significant open automated demand response potential. However, limiting factors to implementing demand response are the reaction of effluent turbidity to reduced aeration load, along with the cogeneration capabilities of municipal facilities, including existing power purchase agreements and utility receptiveness to purchasing electricity from cogeneration facilities.« less

  13. Low heart rate variability in patients with clinical burnout.

    PubMed

    Lennartsson, Anna-Karin; Jonsdottir, Ingibjörg; Sjörs, Anna

    2016-12-01

    Several studies have shown that acute psychosocial stress and chronic psychosocial stress reduce heart rate variability (HRV). It is likely that individuals suffering from burnout have reduced HRV, as a consequence of the long-term stress exposure. This study investigated HRV in 54 patients with clinical burnout (40 women and 14 men) and in 55 individuals reporting low burnout scores (healthy; 24 women and 31 men) and 52 individuals reporting high burnout scores (non-clinical burnout; 33 women and 19 men). The participants underwent a 300s ECG recording in the supine position. Standard deviation of normal R-R intervals (SDNN) and the root mean square of successive normal interval differences (RMSSD) were derived from time domain HRV analysis. Frequency domain HRV measures; total power (TP), low frequency power (LF), high frequency power (HF), and LF/HF ratio were calculated. All HRV measures, except LF/HF ratio, were lower in the clinical burnout patients compared to both the non-clinical burnout group and the healthy group. The difference was larger between the patients and the healthy group than between the patients and the non-clinical burnout group. HRV did not differ significantly between the non-clinical burnout group and the healthy group. Low HRV in burnout patients may constitute one of the links to associated adverse health, since low HRV reflects low parasympathetic activity - and accordingly low anabolic/regenerative activity. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Efficiency gain of solid oxide fuel cell systems by using anode offgas recycle - Results for a small scale propane driven unit

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dietrich, Ralph-Uwe; Oelze, Jana; Lindermeir, Andreas; Spitta, Christian; Steffen, Michael; Küster, Torben; Chen, Shaofei; Schlitzberger, Christian; Leithner, Reinhard

    The transfer of high electrical efficiencies of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) into praxis requires appropriate system concepts. One option is the anode-offgas recycling (AOGR) approach, which is based on the integration of waste heat using the principle of a chemical heat pump. The AOGR concept allows a combined steam- and dry-reforming of hydrocarbon fuel using the fuel cell products steam and carbon dioxide. SOFC fuel gas of higher quantity and quality results. In combination with internal reuse of waste heat the system efficiency increases compared to the usual path of partial oxidation (POX). The demonstration of the AOGR concept with a 300 Wel-SOFC stack running on propane required: a combined reformer/burner-reactor operating in POX (start-up) and AOGR modus; a hotgas-injector for anode-offgas recycling to the reformer; a dynamic process model; a multi-variable process controller; full system operation for experimental proof of the efficiency gain. Experimental results proof an efficiency gain of 18 percentage points (η·POX = 23%, η·AOGR = 41%) under idealized lab conditions. Nevertheless, further improvements of injector performance, stack fuel utilization and additional reduction of reformer reformer O/C ratio and system pressure drop are required to bring this approach into self-sustaining operation.

  15. Postprandial hypotension in older survivors of critical illness.

    PubMed

    Nguyen, Thu Anh Ngoc; Ali Abdelhamid, Yasmine; Weinel, Luke M; Hatzinikolas, Seva; Kar, Palash; Summers, Matthew J; Phillips, Liza K; Horowitz, Michael; Jones, Karen L; Deane, Adam M

    2018-06-01

    In older people postprandial hypotension occurs frequently; and is an independent risk factor for falls, cardiovascular events, stroke and death. The primary aim of this pilot study was to estimate the frequency of postprandial hypotension and evaluate the mechanisms underlying this condition in older survivors of an Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Thirty-five older (>65 years) survivors were studied 3 months after discharge. After an overnight fast, participants consumed a 300 mL drink containing 75 g glucose, labelled with 20 MBq 99m Tc-calcium phytate. Patients had concurrent measurements of blood pressure, heart rate, blood glucose and gastric emptying following drink ingestion. Proportion of participants is presented as percent (95% CI) and continuous variables as mean (SD). Postprandial hypotension was evident in 10 (29%; 95% CI 14-44), orthostatic hypotension in 2 (6%; 95% CI 0-13) and cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction in 2 (6%; 95% CI 0-13) participants. The maximal postprandial nadir for systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressures were -29 (14) mmHg and -18 (7) mmHg. In this cohort of older survivors of ICU postprandial hypotension occurred frequently . This suggests that postprandial hypotension is an unrecognised issue in older ICU survivors. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  16. Absolute shape measurements using high-resolution optoelectronic holography methods

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Furlong, Cosme; Pryputniewicz, Ryszard J.

    2000-01-01

    Characterization of surface shape and deformation is of primary importance in a number of testing and metrology applications related to the functionality, performance, and integrity of components. In this paper, a unique, compact, and versatile state-of-the-art fiber-optic-based optoelectronic holography (OEH) methodology is described. This description addresses apparatus and analysis algorithms, especially developed to perform measurements of both absolute surface shape and deformation. The OEH can be arranged in multiple configurations, which include the three-camera, three-illumination, and in-plane speckle correlation setups. With the OEH apparatus and analysis algorithms, absolute shape measurements can be made, using present setup, with a spatial resolution and accuracy of better than 30 and 10 micrometers , respectively, for volumes characterized by a 300-mm length. Optimizing the experimental setup and incorporating equipment, as it becomes available, having superior capabilities to the ones utilized in the present investigations can further increase resolution and accuracy in the measurements. The particular feature of this methodology is its capability to export the measurements data directly into CAD environments for subsequent processing, analysis, and definition of CAD/CAE models.

  17. Optical control of the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope.

    PubMed

    Upton, Robert

    2006-08-10

    The Advanced Technology Solar Telescope (ATST) is an off-axis Gregorian astronomical telescope design. The ATST is expected to be subject to thermal and gravitational effects that result in misalignments of its mirrors and warping of its primary mirror. These effects require active, closed-loop correction to maintain its as-designed diffraction-limited optical performance. The simulation and modeling of the ATST with a closed-loop correction strategy are presented. The correction strategy is derived from the linear mathematical properties of two Jacobian, or influence, matrices that map the ATST rigid-body (RB) misalignments and primary mirror figure errors to wavefront sensor (WFS) measurements. The two Jacobian matrices also quantify the sensitivities of the ATST to RB and primary mirror figure perturbations. The modeled active correction strategy results in a decrease of the rms wavefront error averaged over the field of view (FOV) from 500 to 19 nm, subject to 10 nm rms WFS noise. This result is obtained utilizing nine WFSs distributed in the FOV with a 300 nm rms astigmatism figure error on the primary mirror. Correction of the ATST RB perturbations is demonstrated for an optimum subset of three WFSs with corrections improving the ATST rms wavefront error from 340 to 17.8 nm. In addition to the active correction of the ATST, an analytically robust sensitivity analysis that can be generally extended to a wider class of optical systems is presented.

  18. Development and fabrication of large vented nickel-zinc cells

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Donnel, C. P., III

    1975-01-01

    A preliminary cell design for a 300AH vented nickel-zinc cell was established based on volume requirements and cell component materials selected by NASA Lewis Research Center. A 100AH cell configuration was derived from the 300AH cell design utilizing the same size electrodes, separators, and cell terminal hardware. The first cells fabricated were four groups of three cells each in the 100AH size. These 100AH experimental nickel-zinc cells had as common components the nickel positive electrodes (GFM), flexible inorganic separator (GFM) bags on the negative electrodes, pressed powder zinc oxide electrodes, and cell containers with hardware. The variations introduced were four differing electrolyte absorber (interseparator) systems used to encase the nickel positive electrodes of each cell group. The four groups of 100AH experimental vented nickel-zinc cells were tested to determine, based on cell performance, the best two interseparator systems. Using the two interseparator systems, two groups of experimental 300AH cells were fabricated. Each group of three cells differed only in the interseparator material used. The six cells were filled, formed and tested to evaluate the interseparator materials and investigate the performance characteristics of the 300AH cell configuration and its components.

  19. The effect of a simple annealing heat treatment on the mechanical properties of cold-sprayed aluminum

    SciTech Connect

    Hall, Aaron Christopher; Roemer, Timothy John; Hirschfeld, Deidre A.

    2004-11-01

    Cold spray, a new member of the thermal spray process family, can be used to prepare dense, thick metal coatings. It has tremendous potential as a spray-forming process. However, it is well known that significant cold work occurs during the cold spray deposition process. This cold work results in hard coatings but relatively brittle bulk deposits. This work investigates the mechanical properties of cold-sprayed aluminum and the effect of annealing on those properties. Cold spray coatings approximately 1 cm thick were prepared using three different feedstock powders: Valimet H-10; Valimet H-20; and Brodmann Flomaster. ASTM E8 tensile specimens were machinedmore » from these coatings and tested using standard tensile testing procedures. Each material was tested in two conditions: as-sprayed; and after a 300 C, 22 h air anneal. The as-sprayed material showed high ultimate strength and low ductility, with <1% elongation. The annealed samples showed a reduction in ultimate strength but a dramatic increase in ductility, with up to 10% elongation. The annealed samples exhibited mechanical properties that were similar to those of wrought 1100 H14 aluminum. Microstructural examination and fractography clearly showed a change in fracture mechanism between the as-sprayed and annealed materials. These results indicate good potential for cold spray as a bulk-forming process.« less

  20. The effect of a simple annealing heat treatement on the mechanical properties of cold-sprayed aluminium.

    SciTech Connect

    Hall, Aaron Christopher; Roemer, Timothy John; Hirschfeld, Deidre A.

    2005-08-01

    Cold spray, a new member of the thermal spray process family, can be used to prepare dense, thick metal coatings. It has tremendous potential as a spray-forming process. However, it is well known that significant cold work occurs during the cold spray deposition process. This cold work results in hard coatings but relatively brittle bulk deposits. This work investigates the mechanical properties of cold-sprayed aluminum and the effect of annealing on those properties. Cold spray coatings approximately 1 cm thick were prepared using three different feedstock powders: Valimet H-10: Valimet H-20: and Brodmann Flomaster. ASTM E8 tensile specimens were machinedmore » from these coatings and tested using standard tensile testing procedures. Each material was tested in two conditions: as-sprayed; and after a 300 C, 22h air anneal. The as-sprayed material showed high ultimate strength and low ductility, with <1% elongation. The annealed samples showed a reduction in ultimate strength but a dramatic increase in ductility, with up to 10% elongation. The annealed samples exhibited mechanical properties that were similar to those of wrought 1100 H14 aluminum. Microstructural examination and fractography clearly showed a change in fracture mechanism between the as-sprayed and annealed materials. These results indicate good potential for cold spray as a bulkforming process.« less