Science.gov

Sample records for aachen federal republic

  1. Federal Republic of Germany.

    PubMed

    1987-05-01

    The population of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) was an estimated 61 million (including West Berlin) in 1986 and is in the process of declining gradually as a result of low birth rates. The infant mortality rate is 11/1000, while life expectancy is 73.4 years for women and 67.2 years for men. Of the work force of 27.6 million, 5.4% are engaged in agriculture, 41.6% work in industry and commerce, 10% are employed by the government, and 42.7% are in the service sector. The gross national product was US$898.8 billion in 1986, with an annual growth rate of 2.6% and a per capita income of $10,680. The government is parliamentary and based on a democratic constitution emphasizing protection of individual liberty and divided power in a federal structure. Political life since the establishment of the FRG in 1949 has been characterized by remarkable stability and orderly succession. The FRG ranks among the most important economic powers in the world. The economy is largely export oriented, with 25-30% of the gross national product shipped abroad each year. Competition and free enterprise are fostered, but the state participates in the ownership and management of major sections of the economy, including public services. A major concern at present is the country's ability to adapt to new markets and to develop sophisticated technologies.

  2. Update: Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loewenthal, Nessa P.

    The Federal Republic of Germany is widely respected for its highly developed economy, rich cultural life, and significant contributions to science, mathematics, and the arts. Designed for families or individuals planning to move to or live in Germany for extended periods of time, this book provides guidance in such practical matters as entry…

  3. Decommissioning and dismantling strategies in the Federal Republic of Germany

    SciTech Connect

    Brennecke, P.; Berg, H.P.; Weil, L.

    1993-12-31

    This report discusses the following aspects of decommissioning and dismantling strategies in the federal republic of germany: legal requirements, nuclear installations to be decommissioned, reactor dismantling techniques, and radioactive waste management.

  4. Extraterrestrial research in the Federal Republic of Germany

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1986-01-01

    This German program for basic extraterrestrial research is an essential, successful, and worldwide recognized part of the space program and has the same attributes for basic research in the Federal Republic of Germany. It covers all major scientific disciplines.

  5. Library Research in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koch, Hans-Albrecht

    1984-01-01

    Report on current state of research in academic and research librarianship in Federal Republic of Germany highlights projects concerning acquisition of books; work procedure investigations; personnel requirements; cost accounting; investigations of library use (user research, user education); public relations work; librarianship; and subject…

  6. The Educational System of the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bodenman, Paul S.

    The history, administration, and structure of education in the Federal Republic of Germany, or West Germany, are described. In general, administration is centralized at the state level. Each state issues its own course of study, conducts secondary level examinations, revises curriculum, and approves textbooks. Building and equipment maintenance…

  7. Rights of the Child in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lacroix, Anne-Laurence

    This report to the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child contains observations of the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) concerning the application of the U.N. Convention on the Rights of the Child by the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The report's introduction points out that although OMCT welcomes Yugoslavia's efforts in…

  8. Space Research in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Preuss, Karl-Heinz, Ed.; Simen, Rolf H., Ed.

    The Federal Republic of Germany's space policy is designed to promote basic research, contribute to the development of space technology, and apply the findings in the public and private sectors. It is also aimed at enhancing the competitiveness of the West German space industry and helping countries of the Third World to solve their development…

  9. Training and Further Training in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pakleppa, Hans

    The Federal Republic of Germany uses its development aid policy to support the growth of manpower resources in developing countries by means of a broad spectrum of training and further training programs of foreign specialists. In planning these programs and arranging scholarships, Germany tries to orient itself toward the educational policy…

  10. Higher Education in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peisert, Hansgert; Framhein, Gerhild

    This monograph on higher education in the German Federal Republic aims to describe the contemporary scene through a detailed look at structure, finance, research, studies and teaching, students, faculty, and international relations. Organized into nine chapters, the first, "Historical Development and Current Responsibilities," describes…

  11. Universities and Adult Education in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savicevic, Dusan M.

    1996-01-01

    In the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (which includes Serbia and Montenegro), universities are paying more attention to continuing professional education, which clashes with their traditional role. Andragogy has been strengthened as a teaching and research field, and young adult education researchers are being cultivated. (SK)

  12. An American Social Worker in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Paul, Jr.

    This report resulted from a 14-day Study Tour for American Experts in Youth Work arranged and financed by the Federal Republic of Germany Ministry for Youth, Family and Health which provided American youth workers with an opportunity to study the youth services structure and culture of West Germany. The structure of the West German Ministry for…

  13. Space Research in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Preuss, Karl-Heinz, Ed.; Simen, Rolf H., Ed.

    The Federal Republic of Germany's space policy is designed to promote basic research, contribute to the development of space technology, and apply the findings in the public and private sectors. It is also aimed at enhancing the competitiveness of the West German space industry and helping countries of the Third World to solve their development…

  14. Training and Further Training in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pakleppa, Hans

    The Federal Republic of Germany uses its development aid policy to support the growth of manpower resources in developing countries by means of a broad spectrum of training and further training programs of foreign specialists. In planning these programs and arranging scholarships, Germany tries to orient itself toward the educational policy…

  15. Solar technology in the Federal Republic of Germany

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1979-01-01

    A series of papers dealing with the status of solar research and development in the Federal Republic of Germany are presented at a conference in Greece with the object of promoting international cooperation in solar energy utilization. The reports focus on solar collector designs, solar systems, heat pumps, solar homes, solar cooling and refrigeration, desalination and electric power generation. Numerous examples of systems produced by German manufacturers are illustrated and described, and performance data are presented.

  16. 31 CFR 586.304 - Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia & Montenegro); FRY (S&M).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (Serbia & Montenegro); FRY (S&M). 586.304 Section 586.304 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating... Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia & Montenegro); FRY (S&M). The term Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia & Montenegro) or FRY (S&M) means the territory of the Republics of Serbia and Montenegro....

  17. European Conference on Advanced Materials and Processes Held in Aachen, Federal Republic of Germany on November 22-24, 1989

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-11-24

    d’Etudes Nuclhaires de Grenoble (France) Molecular Beam Epitaxy of HgCdTe Compounds Discussion 14.45 A. J. Oster, IBM Deutschland, Sindelfingen (FRG) IBM...Concentration in Eiectrolytlc Aluminium Cells Xi. 8 F. Castro (Sp), 1. ltumrza, J. Echebemra, Centro de Estudios e lnvestigaciones Tecnicas de Guipuzcoa

  18. Ultraprecision in manufacturing engineering; Proceedings of the International Congress for Ultraprecision Technology, Aachen, Federal Republic of Germany, May 1988

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weck, Manfred; Hartel, Robert

    Recent advances in ultraprecise manufacturing techniques and instrumentation are discussed in reviews and reports, with an emphasis on European developments. Topics addressed include precision machining of brittle materials, grinding technology, form accuracy and surface integrity in plane lapping, diamond tool technology, precision cutting tolerances for mass production, ultraprecise lathes, machining of aspherical surfaces, and computer-controlled fine correction of optical surfaces. Consideration is given to nanotechnology at the UK National Physical Laboratory, microindentation analysis of near-surface material properties, in-process surface-finish measurements of high-quality components, a radial shear interferometer for measurement of steep aspherical surfaces, synthetic holograms for surface testing, and experimental measurement of the optimum depth of cut. Diagrams, drawings, graphs, and photographs are provided.

  19. Press Laws. Third Edition. Documents on Politics and Society in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Born, Sigrid, Ed.

    Noting that the Federal Republic of Germany, after Japan and the USA, is the world's largest market for newspapers and magazines, this booklet discusses freedom of the press, press laws, and the press in the new federal states. After a brief account of the "facts and figures" of the newspaper and magazine market in the Federal Republic,…

  20. 31 CFR 585.312 - Government of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Republic of Yugoslavia. 585.312 Section 585.312 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money... OF YUGOSLAVIA (SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO) AND BOSNIAN SERB-CONTROLLED AREAS OF THE REPUBLIC OF BOSNIA AND... of Yugoslavia. The term Government of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is used in...

  1. [The Aachen liaison model

    PubMed

    Petzold, Ernst Richard; Flatten, Guido; Wälte, Dieter; Kröger, Friedebert

    1999-01-01

    The encounter between physician and patient is impregnated by contemporary theories of disease. From the point of view of psychotherapeutic medicine, the physician-patient-relationship fuses normative and relationship-oriented thinking. The disease as the object of treatment is being supplemented by the care for the patient as a subject. The participating observation and the respective reflection are professional tools of the medical carer. The realisation of this point of view in clinical practice is exemplified using the Aachen Psychosomatic model of Liaison. The importance of this model for interdisciplinary cooperation is being discussed.

  2. Hospital planning in France and the Federal Republic of Germany.

    PubMed

    Altenstetter, C

    1980-01-01

    This article on hospital planning programs in France and North-Rhine Westfalia (a state in the Federal Republic of Germany), assembles information on the formal building blocks of inter-organizational relations in the formulation and implementation process. Because these planning programs are embedded in past social policy developments and institution-building, it is necessary to first compare the two countries' compulsory health insurance schemes. This is followed by a general profile of each health care system. A third section examines the formulation and implementation of the countries' hospital planning programs and participation patterns. Based on this comparison, inferences are drawn that are relevant to policy and research. The analysis yields three major conclusions. First, despite abundant legal and administrative controls at the disposal of central health bureaucracies, the capability of the national leadership to influence the hospital system through innovative planning is limited by jurisdictional, institutional, functional and territorial fragmentation, and differentiation of control and public responsibility in health. However, the diverse goal orientations of participants may provide the necessary tension to allow for some change in otherwise highly structured political and administrative systems. Second, despite differences in historical, political and administrative developments, the decision making systems for health care policies in France and the Federal Republic, with the exception of health insurance, are strikingly similar to the fragmented decision making system in the United States. Third, the effect of government-mandated participation is empirically uncertain. Opening up the circle of participants seems to have reinforced alliances between public bureaucracies and corporate vested interests. Hospital planning continues to be carried out for rather than with the consumer and citizen. Hospital planning which is a mixture of goal and process

  3. 31 CFR 586.306 - Government of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro). 586.306 Section 586.306 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating... REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA (SERBIA & MONTENEGRO) KOSOVO SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 586.306 Government of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro). The term Government of the...

  4. 77 FR 38736 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: New Qualifying Country-Czech Republic (DFARS...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-29

    ... Regulation Supplement: New Qualifying Country--Czech Republic (DFARS Case 2012-D043) AGENCY: Defense... final rule amending the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS) to add the Czech... DFARS to add the Czech Republic as a qualifying country. On April 18, 2012, the Secretary of Defense...

  5. 31 CFR 585.414 - Services performed in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) or by the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) or by the Government of the FRY (S&M). 585.414 Section 585... FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA (SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO... Interpretations § 585.414 Services performed in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) or...

  6. Art Education and Artist's Training in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vom Busch, Werner, Ed.; Akalin, Oguz, Ed.

    A fact-oriented handbook examines the overall picture of the educational and training opportunities for artists in the Federal Republic of Germany. Because of space limitations, this document presents a few typical examples of arts curricula rather than the total curriculum for the different types of schools in the 11 federal states. Subjects…

  7. Art Education and Artist's Training in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vom Busch, Werner, Ed.; Akalin, Oguz, Ed.

    A fact-oriented handbook examines the overall picture of the educational and training opportunities for artists in the Federal Republic of Germany. Because of space limitations, this document presents a few typical examples of arts curricula rather than the total curriculum for the different types of schools in the 11 federal states. Subjects…

  8. Continuing Training as a Means of Preventing Unemployment. A Comparative Study of Denmark, the Netherlands, the Republic of Ireland, the United Kingdom and the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brodel, Rainer; And Others

    This study is a preliminary phase in an attempt to illustrate the link between the labor market and continuing vocational training. It not only compares developments in Denmark, the Netherlands, the Republic of Ireland, the United Kingdom, and the Federal Republic of Germany, but also makes a systematic analysis of the theoretical approaches…

  9. Agreement between the government of the Federal Republic of Germany and the government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics concerning scientific-technical cooperation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1986-01-01

    An agreement between the government of the Federal Republic of Germany and the government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics concerning scientific technical cooperation is disclosed. The parties to the treaty agree to promote scientific and technical cooperation on a basis of equality, reciprocity and mutual advantage.

  10. Zur Soziolinguistik in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Sociolinguistics in the Federal Republic of Germany)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jachnow, Helmut

    1975-01-01

    Traces the history of sociolinguistic studies in West Germany from the early nineteenth century with Humboldt and reports on the state and purposes of sociolinguistic studies in present-day Federal Republic of Germany. Available from Liber Laeromedel, Box 1205, S-22105 Lund, Sweden (Text is in German.) (TL)

  11. Trainers and Teachers in Vocational Training in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krais, Beate; Krebstakies, Marlies

    In the Federal Republic of Germany the most important form of training leading to a vocational qualification and the focus of all initial vocational training is the "dual system" of in-firm and in-school learning. Other forms of initial vocational training include apprenticeships, training in a firm, and vocational schools. Trainers…

  12. BDLI memorandum on the future of space flight in the Federal Republic of Germany

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1984-01-01

    The future of the aerospace effort in the Federal Republic of Germany is reviewed. The status of the aerospace industry in the FRG is compared with that in other countries and various areas of research are explored in terms of their relevance to the German economy and to the FRG's position as a competitor in the world market.

  13. 31 CFR 585.313 - Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro); FRY (S&M).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (Serbia and Montenegro); FRY (S&M). 585.313 Section 585.313 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations... Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro); FRY (S&M). The term Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) or FRY (S&M) means the territory of Serbia and Montenegro....

  14. The Right to Education: The Case of the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hufner, Klaus

    This paper investigates the extension of educational rights to girls, working class children, and the children of migrant workers in the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG). The first section discusses the theoretical basis of affirmative action in West Germany, legal provisions for attaining equality in education, and basic features of the West…

  15. Peace and Security Education in the Federal Republic of Germany. Three Essays.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lessing, Clemens; And Others

    Three essays related to peace and security education in the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) are presented. The first essay, "An Example of Controversial Themes in Education: Peace and Security," by Clemens Lessing, uses a 1980 controversial discussion of the Committee of the Cultural Ministry as an example of controversial themes in…

  16. Reform of Social Security Coverage for Women and Survivors in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuchs, Anke

    1982-01-01

    This article outlines the main features of the present pension insurance scheme in the Federal Republic of Germany, the proposals of the Commission of Experts to Study the Social Security Status of Women and Survivors, the prospects for their implementation, and the essential aspects of the reform. (CT)

  17. Learning for the Working World: Vocational Training in the Federal Republic of Germany. [Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schlicht, Michael

    1995-01-01

    This document presents an overview of the past, present, and future of vocational training (VT) in the Federal Republic of Germany. The following topics are discussed: place of VT among the various institutions constituting Germany's education system; Germany's dual system of on-the-job and school VT (historical development, training regulations,…

  18. Press and Broadcasting in the Federal Republic of Germany. Special Report No. 7, 1989.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hellack, Georg

    This special report provides a survey of media in the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and attempts to answer questions such as: what freedoms the mass media enjoy, the nature of their finances, what problems they have to deal with, and what their future in competition with new modes of communication will be like. Chapter 1 discusses the…

  19. 78 FR 22765 - Presidential Determination on Eligibility of the Federal Republic of Somalia To Receive Defense...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-16

    ... Secretary of State Pursuant to the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the United States, including section 503(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, and section 3(a)(1... defense services to the Federal Republic of Somalia will strengthen the security of the United States...

  20. Situation Report - Denmark, France, German Federal Republic, Luxembourg, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, and Switzerland.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

    Data relating to population and family planning in nine foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Denmark, France, German Federal Republic, Luxembourg, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, and Switzerland. Information is provided in the following areas where appropriate and if it is available: (1) statistics…

  1. Zur Soziolinguistik in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Sociolinguistics in the Federal Republic of Germany)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jachnow, Helmut

    1975-01-01

    Traces the history of sociolinguistic studies in West Germany from the early nineteenth century with Humboldt and reports on the state and purposes of sociolinguistic studies in present-day Federal Republic of Germany. Available from Liber Laeromedel, Box 1205, S-22105 Lund, Sweden (Text is in German.) (TL)

  2. The Russian Federation Islamic Republic of Dagestan: Curricular Decentralization, Social Cohesion, and Stability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eaton, Jana Sackman

    2005-01-01

    This article focuses on the curricular decentralization-sociopolitical stability nexus in the predominantly Muslim Russian Federation Republic of Dagestan, adjacent to war-torn Chechnya. Concomitant with the metamorphoses taking place in the economic and political sectors of society is the overhaul of institutionalized education. A major reform…

  3. Learning for the Working World: Vocational Training in the Federal Republic of Germany. [Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schlicht, Michael

    1995-01-01

    This document presents an overview of the past, present, and future of vocational training (VT) in the Federal Republic of Germany. The following topics are discussed: place of VT among the various institutions constituting Germany's education system; Germany's dual system of on-the-job and school VT (historical development, training regulations,…

  4. The Russian Federation Islamic Republic of Dagestan: Curricular Decentralization, Social Cohesion, and Stability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eaton, Jana Sackman

    2005-01-01

    This article focuses on the curricular decentralization-sociopolitical stability nexus in the predominantly Muslim Russian Federation Republic of Dagestan, adjacent to war-torn Chechnya. Concomitant with the metamorphoses taking place in the economic and political sectors of society is the overhaul of institutionalized education. A major reform…

  5. The Federal Republic of Germany: A Land of Top-Ranking Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Preuss, Karl-Heinz, Ed.; Simen, Rolf H., Ed.

    Research and technology in the Federal Republic of Germany enjoy international distinction in many fields; indeed, German achievements in highly important areas have set new standards and influenced research and development world wide. This applies in equal measure to the natural sciences, the humanities and, in particular, to the applied…

  6. The Federal Republic of Germany: A Land of Top-Ranking Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Preuss, Karl-Heinz, Ed.; Simen, Rolf H., Ed.

    Research and technology in the Federal Republic of Germany enjoy international distinction in many fields; indeed, German achievements in highly important areas have set new standards and influenced research and development world wide. This applies in equal measure to the natural sciences, the humanities and, in particular, to the applied…

  7. Electoral Law: Documents on Politics and Society in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Inter Nationes, Bonn (West Germany).

    Free elections are one of the fundamental principles of any parliamentary democracy. The constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany, the Basic Law, stipulates in its article 20(2) that "all state authority emanates from the people" who exercise that authority "by means of elections and referendums and through special…

  8. Peace and Security Education in the Federal Republic of Germany. Three Essays.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lessing, Clemens; And Others

    Three essays related to peace and security education in the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) are presented. The first essay, "An Example of Controversial Themes in Education: Peace and Security," by Clemens Lessing, uses a 1980 controversial discussion of the Committee of the Cultural Ministry as an example of controversial themes in…

  9. Online Information Services, Document Delivery Systems, and Libraries in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neubauer, K. W.

    1984-01-01

    This overview of the information market and services available in the Federal Republic of Germany highlights online information systems (hosts, databases, networks); relation of Europe to United States and Germany; the German library system (problems and advantages of document delivery, online services); and telecommunication technology.…

  10. Many States but Only One Country: The Federative Structure of the Federal Republic of Germany. Sonderdienst SO 2-86(e).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reuter, Konrad

    Federalism is conducive to two important elements of the political process: competition and the search for compromise. This is a reason for the prosperity and political stability of the Federal Republic of Germany. Many citizens can involve themselves in the political life of the nation, whether at the federal or state level. With its area of…

  11. Shock tubes and waves; Proceedings of the Sixteenth International Symposium, Rheinisch-Westfaelische Technische Hochschule, Aachen, Federal Republic of Germany, July 26-31, 1987

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Groenig, Hans

    Topics discussed in this volume include shock wave structure, propagation, and interaction; shocks in condensed matter, dusty gases, and multiphase media; chemical processes and related combustion and detonation phenomena; shock wave reflection, diffraction, and focusing; computational fluid dynamic code development and shock wave application; blast and detonation waves; advanced shock tube technology and measuring technique; and shock wave applications. Papers are presented on dust explosions, the dynamics of shock waves in certain dense gases, studies of condensation kinetics behind incident shock waves, the autoignition mechanism of n-butane behind a reflected shock wave, and a numerical simulation of the focusing process of reflected shock waves. Attention is also given to the equilibrium shock tube flow of real gases, blast waves generated by planar detonations, modern diagnostic methods for high-speed flows, and interaction between induced waves and electric discharge in a very high repetition rate excimer laser.

  12. European Conference on Advanced Materials and Processes Held in Aachen, Federal Republic of Germany on November 22-24 1989. Abstracts

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-11-24

    transmission electron microscopy and Auger electron spectroscopy . See programme, page 37. The Fibre-Matrix Interface in Cast A12 0 3 -Altrinium Alloy ...permit the phase diagram of NiCrAl alloys to be established up to 44 wt% Al and 58 wt% Cr. ’I IX.4 THE STUDY OF DISTRIBUTION COEFFICIENT OF TUNGSTEN IN...developed from which non-equilibrium solidus temperatures can be predicted together with the extent of micro- segregation , both of alloying elements and

  13. American cinema and the construction of masculinity in film in the Federal Republic after 1945.

    PubMed

    Leal, Joanne

    2012-01-01

    Since 1945, film in the Federal Republic has maintained an ambivalent relationship to American cinema and its embedded ideologies and nowhere is this more evident than in (West) German film's representations of masculinity. This article focuses on three historical moments when political and social shifts resulted in a problematising of male identities in the Federal Republic: the mid-1950s, the early 1970s and the late 1990s. Cinema responded to a perceived destabilisation of gender norms by exploring constructions of German masculinity in relation to the ambivalently received models of male identity offered by American cinema. With a detailed analysis of three specific examples – Georg Tressler's Die Halbstarken (1956), Rainer Werner Fassbinder's Der amerikanische Soldat (1970) and Fatih Akin's Kurz und schmerzlos (1998) – this article investigates the manner in which German cinema engages with these competing conceptions of masculinity and demonstrates the ways in which divergent understandings of gender identity can impact on representations of national and ethnic identity.

  14. The Federal Republic of Germany an example of implementing the reactor safety goals

    SciTech Connect

    Schoels, H.

    1993-12-31

    The conerstone of the nuclear safety concept is the danger potentials hidden in the fission products. The main goal is the protection of the public and personnel from radiation. Four safety levels implemented in the Federal Republic of germany`s reactor safety program are described. The particular physics laws of the fission process make our technology a highly dangerous one whose use calls for extraordinary intellectual and technical efforts as well as investments.

  15. Federalism and Lander Autonomy: The Higher Education Policy Network in the Federal Republic of Germany. Studies in Higher Education Dissertation Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Onestini, Cesare

    This study traces the development of the German higher education system, examining the development of higher education policies from the postwar years to the postunification period. It focuses on federalism and the relative positions of"Lander" (German states) and the government of the Federal Republic (FRG) as revealed in higher…

  16. Brine migration test for Asse Mine, Federal Republic of Germany: final test plan

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1983-07-01

    The United States and the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) will conduct a brine migration test in the Asse Salt Mine in the FRG as part of the US/FRG Cooperative Radioactive Waste Management Agreement. Two sets of two tests each will be conducted to study both liquid inclusion migration and vapor migration in the two salt types chosen for the experiments: (1) pure salt, for its characteristics similar to the salt that might occur in potential US repositories, and (2) transitional salt, for its similarity to the salt that might occur in potential repositories in Germany.

  17. Radionuclide deposition and exposure in the Federal Republic of Germany after the Chernobyl accident

    SciTech Connect

    Winkelmann, I.; Haubelt, R.; Neumann, P.; Fields, D.E. . Inst. fuer Strahlenhygiene; Oak Ridge National Lab., TN )

    1989-11-01

    Analyses of air, water, and foodstuff samples, together with in situ gamma spectrometric measurements in the Federal Republic of Germany, have documented the deposition and exposure consequences of the Chernobyl accident. In some cases, exposure values are significantly higher than background levels. Data compiled for the period from the initial identification of excess atmospheric radioactivity to the present, represent a unique resource for testing and validating models of environmental transport and human exposure. These data will serve as the bases for future studies of organism response, both somatic and genetic, to nuclear radiation. They will also prove useful in suggesting modifications to environmental sampling and monitoring systems. 14 refs., 13 figs., 4 tabs.

  18. Brine migration test report: Asse Salt Mine, Federal Republic of Germany: Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Coyle, A.J.; Eckert, J.; Kalia, H.

    1987-01-01

    This report presents a summary of Brine Migration Tests which were undertaken at the Asse mine of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) under a bilateral US/FRG agreement. This experiment simulates a nuclear waste repository at the 800-m (2624-ft) level of the Asse salt mine in the Federal Republic of Germany. This report describes the Asse salt mine, the test equipment, and the pretest properties of the salt in the mine and in the vicinity of the test area. Also included are selected test data (for the first 28 months of operation) on the following: brine migration rates, thermomechaical behavior of the salt (including room closure, stress reading, and thermal profiles), borehole gas pressures, and borehole gas analyses. In addition to field data, laboratory analyses of pretest salt properties are included in this report. The operational phase of these experiments was completed on October 4, 1985, with the commencement of cooldown and the start of posttest activities. 7 refs., 68 figs., 48 tabs.

  19. Vaccine preventability of meningococcal clone, Greater Aachen Region, Germany.

    PubMed

    Elias, Johannes; Schouls, Leo M; van de Pol, Ingrid; Keijzers, Wendy C; Martin, Diana R; Glennie, Anne; Oster, Philipp; Frosch, Matthias; Vogel, Ulrich; van der Ende, Arie

    2010-03-01

    Emergence of serogroup B meningococci of clonal complex sequence type (ST) 41/44 can cause high levels of disease, as exemplified by a recent epidemic in New Zealand. Multiplication of annual incidence rates (3.1 cases/100,000 population) of meningococcal disease in a defined German region, the city of Aachen and 3 neighboring countries (Greater Aachen) prompted us to investigate and determine the source and nature of this outbreak. Using molecular typing and geographic mapping, we analyzed 1,143 strains belonging to ST41/44 complex, isolated from persons with invasive meningococcal disease over 6 years (2001-2006) from 2 German federal states (total population 26 million) and the Netherlands. A spatially slowly moving clone with multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis type 19, ST42, and antigenic profile B:P1.7-2,4:F1-5 was responsible for the outbreak. Bactericidal activity in serum samples from the New Zealand MeNZB vaccination campaign confirmed vaccine preventability. Because this globally distributed epidemic strain spreads slowly, vaccination efforts could possibly eliminate meningococcal disease in this area.

  20. Vocational Education and Training for the Hotel and Catering Industry in the Federal Republic of Germany. Report of a Visiting Party. Studies in Vocational Education and Training in the Federal Republic of Germany. Number Eight.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ripper, Chris, Ed.; Russell, Russ, Ed.

    A party of vocational educators from the United Kingdom (UK) traveled to the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) to examine West German vocational education and training for the hotel and catering industry. During the study, the investigators examined the training with respect to regulations, the content of training, and the structure of the…

  1. Vocational Education and Training for the Hotel and Catering Industry in the Federal Republic of Germany. Report of a Visiting Party. Studies in Vocational Education and Training in the Federal Republic of Germany. Number Eight.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ripper, Chris, Ed.; Russell, Russ, Ed.

    A party of vocational educators from the United Kingdom (UK) traveled to the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) to examine West German vocational education and training for the hotel and catering industry. During the study, the investigators examined the training with respect to regulations, the content of training, and the structure of the…

  2. Career Development Education in the Federal Republic of Germany. The Report of a Visiting Party. Studies in Vocational Education and Training in the Federal Republic of Germany. Number Ten.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Russ, Ed.; Parkes, David, Ed.

    This report presents results of a visit of vocational education practitioners from the United Kingdom to the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) to study the spread of career development education. An introduction describes vocational education and training in the FRG and the activities of the three groups of specialists in the visiting party who…

  3. Education and Training of Young Handicapped Adults in the Federal Republic of Germany. The Report of a Study Visit. Studies in Vocational Education and Training in the Federal Republic of Germany. Number Six.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Hugh

    A vocational education administrator from the United Kingdom (UK) traveled to the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) to observe the education and training of young handicapped adults at 14 sites throughout the country. The focus of his investigation was on vocational counseling and vocational education and training for handicapped and disadvantaged…

  4. Education and Training for the Hairdressing Industry in the Federal Republic of Germany. The Report of a Visiting Party. Studies in Vocational Education and Training in the Federal Republic of Germany. Number Nine.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levinson, Malcolm, Ed.; And Others

    A party of vocational educators from the United Kingdom (UK) traveled to the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) to examine West German education and training for the hairdressing industry. During their study, the British educators examined the training with respect to entry into further education, industry, and school; vocational preparation;…

  5. Education and Training for the Hairdressing Industry in the Federal Republic of Germany. The Report of a Visiting Party. Studies in Vocational Education and Training in the Federal Republic of Germany. Number Nine.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levinson, Malcolm, Ed.; And Others

    A party of vocational educators from the United Kingdom (UK) traveled to the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) to examine West German education and training for the hairdressing industry. During their study, the British educators examined the training with respect to entry into further education, industry, and school; vocational preparation;…

  6. Nesting bird deterrents for the Federal Republic of Germany glass log storage pad

    SciTech Connect

    Mitchell, R.M.

    1997-04-15

    A proposed storage pad wi11 be constructed in the 200 West Area for the storage of isotopic heat and radiation sources from the Federal Republic of Germany. The pad will be constructed in the southern portion of the Solid Waste Operations Complex near the existing Sodium Storage Pad (Figure 1). Following a biological review by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) personnel (Brandt 1996), it was determined that in order for construction to take place after March 15, 1997, actions would need to be taken to prevent migratory birds from nesting in the project area. Special attention was focused on preventing sage sparrows and loggerhead shrikes, both Hanford Site species of concern (DOE/RL 1996), from nesting in the area. This activity plan details the methods and procedures that will be used to implement these nesting deterrents.

  7. Physical protection philosophy and techniques in the Federal Republic of Germany

    SciTech Connect

    Fechner, J.B.

    1988-01-01

    Adequate physical protection measures are required by law as a licensing prerequisite for all transporters of nuclear materials and for all nuclear installations such as nuclear power plants, enrichment, fuel fabrication, storage, and reprocessing facilities in the Federal Republic of Germany (RFG). The objective of these measures is to prevent the following: Any risk to health and safety of the public that might be caused by direct radiation exposure or by significant release of radioactive substances through sabotage or other criminal acts; Any single or repeated theft or robbery of nuclear materials in quantities sufficient for the construction of a critical assembly. This paper describes the integrated physical protection concept, which is the basis for the measures to be implemented by the applicant and the state authorities. A general overview of the vulnerability analysis and examples of various physical protection measures for nuclear facilities and for transportation of nuclear material follows.

  8. The teaching of medical ethics in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    PubMed Central

    Seidler, E

    1979-01-01

    Eduard Seidler sets his discussion of the teaching of medical ethics in the Federal Republic of Germany against an historical background. Immediately after the Second World War the freshness of the memory of the 'Nuremberg Medical Trials' influenced the way in which moral dilemmas were treated in Germany. At the present time no systematic instruction in medical ethics is provided in either undergraduate or postgraduate or continuing medical education. As a result of this, an inquiry was set up in 1977/78. Questionnaires were sent out with a view to collecting information on how subjects referring to medical ethics are treated during medical training. The inquiry showed that no special discipline can claim to be the only competent one for medical ethics, but that everyone has something to contribute. Dr Seidler concludes by stating that basic curricula related to the problems of medical ethics would have to be developed and should be carried on continuously within the training programme. PMID:381660

  9. Air Pollution Studies in the Republic of Udmurtia, Russian Federation, using Moss Biomonitoring and INAA

    SciTech Connect

    Pankratova, Yu. S.; Frontasyeva, M. V.; Pavlov, S. S.; Berdnikov, A. A.

    2007-11-26

    The concentrations of 36 elements were determined by instrumental neutron activation analysis in 79 moss samples, collected in the southern part of the Republic of Udmurtia, Russian Federation, in the period 2005-2006. A factor analysis was applied to determine possible pollution sources over the territory. The seven resulting factors represent a natural and anthropogenic origin of the elemental deposition in Udmurt moss. Some of the factors are interpreted as being associated with the industry factor (W, Mo, Cr, Zn); chemical weapon destruction (As is the component of lewisite; Na is used for detoxication of lewisite). The results are compared to the data of atmospheric deposition of some regions of Russia and European countries.

  10. Incidence and tumour stages of breast cancer in the region of Aachen, Germany.

    PubMed

    Seemayer, C A; Breuer, Elisabeth; Kroll, G; Markus-Sellhaus, S; Reineke, T H; Mittermayer, C

    2002-03-01

    We present epidemiological data of female breast cancer in the region of Aachen (Germany) including incidence and tumour stages for the period 1996-1997. Furthermore, we compare epidemiological data from Aachen with data from the directly neighbouring Dutch region South-Middle Limburg before and after the introduction of a national mammographic screening programme. The field study of breast cancer was undertaken at the Institute of Pathology and Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Aachen, supported by the Federal Ministry of Health (Germany), using data files from the Cancer Registry Aachen. The patient's consent to collect all data concerning her epidemiological and social situation as well as information on the outcome of disease was obtained in 83.4% of all cases. The remaining 16.6% of the cases without a patient's consent are based on histopathological reports. Only those patients are included who were documented as residing in the region of Aachen at the time of diagnosis. Tumour cases were counted according to International Agency for Research on Cancer rules and tumour stages are classified according to UICC guidelines. Incidence rates are calculated as crude value, adapted to the European and World Standard population (ESR, WSR), and the age specific incidence is presented in 5-year intervals. The cumulative risk is assessed for a certain life span by summarizing the age-specific incidences. The age-standardized breast cancer incidence rate in Aachen was 94 per 100 000 women in 1996 and 90 cases of invasive breast cancer per 100 000 women in 1997 according to the ESR. The cumulative risk of developing breast cancer in the life span ranging from 0 to 74 years is approximately 8%. The stage distribution of breast cancer reveals only 4% favourable carcinomata in situ, but 12% advanced T4 tumours. T1 and T2 tumour stages count for about 40% and T3 tumour stages about 4%. Incidence rates and the tumour stages of breast cancer in the region of

  11. Vocational Education and Training in the Federal Republic of Germany. Report for the FORCE Programme. First Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Munch, Joachim

    This monograph examines vocational training (VT) in the Federal Republic of Germany. Section 1 presents background information/framework data on the following: Germany's political and administrative structures, population and demographic trends, economy and employment, and education system. In section 2, the historical development of VT in Germany…

  12. Objective and Subjective Data on Altai and Kazakh Ethnolinguistic Vitality in the Russian Federation Republic of Altai

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yagmur, Kutlay; Kroon, Sjaak

    2006-01-01

    This study deals with the ethnolinguistic vitality of Altai and Kazakh as compared to Russian in the Russian Federation Republic of Altai. Data were gathered by document analysis, interviews with experts and by conducting a subjective ethnolinguistic vitality questionnaire. The data showed that Altai and Kazakh, as a consequence of a long-lasting…

  13. Press, Radio and Television in the Federal Republic of Germany. Sonderdienst Special Topic SO 11-1992.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hellack, Georg

    Citing statistics that show that its citizens are well catered for by the mass media, this paper answers questions concerning the media landscape in the Federal Republic of Germany. The paper discusses: (1) Structure and framework conditions of the German media (a historical review of the mass media since 1945); (2) Press (including its particular…

  14. Processes of Stratification and Occupational Migration of Peasants and Rural Workers in the Federal Republic of Germany - A Pathanalytical Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bruse, R.

    Based upon empirical data derived from a "Mikrozensus-Zusatzbefragung 71" in the Federal Republic of Germany (456,310 people), general patterns and determinations were analyzed relative to the sectoral, occupational, and vertical social mobility of the agricultural population both inside and outside the rural sector. Employing…

  15. Environmental Education--A Future-Oriented Task: Current Situation and Prospects in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ministry of Education and Science, Bonn (Germany).

    The Federal Republic of Germany has identified the conservation and the protection of the environment as a major challenge of the 1990s. Environmental education is further identified as an important part of anticipatory environmental policy. The document is separated into two parts. The first part presents the aims, content, and organizational…

  16. The Impact of the Institute for Science Education, Federal Republic of Germany: Some Facts and Critical Remarks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frey, K; And Others

    1987-01-01

    The Institute for Science Education in the Federal Republic of Germany is a research institute with a national goal of promoting science education. The institute develops curriculum materials for biology, physics, and chemistry courses and improves science instruction. Article comments on the history of the institute and its role in society. (RB)

  17. Adult Education in the Federal Republic of Germany. Monographs on Comparative and Area Studies in Adult Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knoll, Joachim H.

    This monograph is intended to present the structural image of adult education/further education in the Federal Republic of Germany. It first covers such areas as the size of the country and its individual states and population and employment. Following a survey of the educational system, legislation concerning adult education/further education is…

  18. Processes of Stratification and Occupational Migration of Peasants and Rural Workers in the Federal Republic of Germany - A Pathanalytical Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bruse, R.

    Based upon empirical data derived from a "Mikrozensus-Zusatzbefragung 71" in the Federal Republic of Germany (456,310 people), general patterns and determinations were analyzed relative to the sectoral, occupational, and vertical social mobility of the agricultural population both inside and outside the rural sector. Employing…

  19. 76 FR 38000 - Removal of Certain Sanctions Regulations Relating to the Former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-29

    ... Montenegro) and Bosnian Serb-Controlled Areas of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina Sanctions Regulations... territory in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina by force and violence. In Executive Order 12934 of October 25... Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) and Bosnian Serb-Controlled areas of the Republic of Bosnia...

  20. Situation Report--Austria, Cameroon, Canada, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Egypt, France, German Federal Republic, Greece, Hungary, Irish Republic, Jamaica, Malta, Norway, Sabah, Sarawak, Spain, Tahiti (French Polynesia), Tonga, Turkey, and United Kingdom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

    Data relating to population and family planning in 21 foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Austria, Cameroon, Canada, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Egypt, France, German Federal Republic, Greece, Hungary, Irish Republic, Jamaica, Malta, Norway, Sabah, Sarawak, Spain, Tahiti, Tonga, Turkey, and United…

  1. [Alcohol consumption, alcohol abuse, and subjective feeling: a representative inquiry in the Federal Republic of Germany].

    PubMed

    Feuerlein, W; Küfner, H

    1977-10-11

    The investigation was carried out in a representative sample of subjects of the Federal Republic of Germany, including West Berlin (n = 1952). The subjects were 20--64 years old. The following were investigated: 1. Social and abusive drinking patterns 2. Relations between drinking behavior and sociodemographic data 3. Relations between drinking behavior and subjective feeling. Of the subjects, 47% consumed alcohol daily or several times a week, 6% called themselves teetotallers. Beer was the preferred beverage. The drinking behavior varied among income classes and vocational groups. Of the whole sample, 8% drank regularly whilst working; 25% of the skilled workers did so. Comparing alcohol consumption and subjective feeling, there was a slight association between elevated mood and frequent alcohol consumption. Of the subjects, 4% were identified as alcohol misusers (7% of the males, 1% of the females). Persons at high risk were men living alone (especially widowed and divorced subjects) and persons of medium income. Regular consumers of hard liquor were at higher risk than consumers of beer or wine. The highest percentage of misuse was found among unskilled and skilled workers and among inhabitants of large cities. There was a slight association between high alcohol misuse index and depressive states, subjective complaints, and paranoid attitudes.

  2. 31 CFR 585.418 - Vessels of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro). 585.418 Section 585.418 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating... REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA (SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO) AND BOSNIAN SERB-CONTROLLED AREAS OF THE REPUBLIC OF BOSNIA... Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro). Any vessel in which a majority or controlling interest is held by...

  3. The guests who stayed--the debate on 'foreigners policy' in the German Federal Republic.

    PubMed

    Castles, S

    1985-01-01

    The recruitment of "guest workers" between 1956 and 1973 by West German employers has given rise to new ethnic minorities. The Federal Republic of Germany (GFR) claims that it is not a country of immigration--a controversy that reflects the basic dilemma over policies towards foreign residents, who now comprise about 7% of the total population. The shift from temporary labor migration to long-term settlement has been accompanied by structural changes in the foreign resident population. The logic of the migratory process is inescapable: virtually all migrations, whether organized or spontaneous, start with movements of young adult workers. When recruitment stated in the late 1950s state migration policies were concerned only with short-term fulfillment of capital's labor requirements. The state established a system of institutionalized discrimination, through which temporary guest workers could be recruited, controlled, and sent away, as the interests of capital dictated. This policy was impracticable because many firms found that rotation led to problems of labor fluctuation and high training costs. The trend toward restrictive policies on migration continued in the early 1980s; rising unemployment and urban problems led to widespread hostility towards foreigners. 3 key issues need resolving quickly: 1) the granting of security of residence status, so that migrant families have a clear basis for planning their own future, 2) the extending of political rights to foreign residents, and 3) the issue of citizenship. Like other West European countries, the GFR has become a multiethnic society through the postwar labor migrations. The early reform of legal structures to give migrants more rights is a precondition for social peace, and for achieving the benefits which multiculturalism can offer to all members of society.

  4. [The young people of foreign extraction in the Federal Republic of Germany and the labor market in 2000].

    PubMed

    Von Delhaes-guenther, D

    1988-03-01

    This study analyzes immigration trends and prospects with respect with to the Federal Republic's changing demography and economy. Low birth rates and an aging population will result in a decrease in the local population and an increase in the foreign population of the Federal Republic in the next decades. After 1990 the demand for foreign labor will diminish. There will, however, still be a need for highly specialized personnel for the new technological sectors. In this context the professional qualification of young people of foreign extraction acquires an even greater significance, since they also face difficulties at a cultural and linguistic level. The technological challenges demand scholastic and professional training programs which maximize migrant labor force potential and help to eliminate socioeconomic conflicts. By the year 2000 60% of the jobs in the Federal Republic will be in service-related industries and the "third industrial revolution" based on innovations in microelectronics will demand a trained labor force that can easily shift and adapt. Local and national institutions will have to form a trained and competent labor force. However, foreign young people educated in German public schools face difficulties in achieving professional certificates and gaining superior employment. The potential exists for ever greater problems as minimum skill jobs diminish and higher-skilled jobs increase in the changing German economy. Language barriers and lack of sufficient skills prevent the complete integration of foreign young people and can lead to frustration, mental depression, and even criminal behavior. The author proposes closer contacts between parents of foreign youths and local and Federal authorities and better bilingual education.

  5. [Realistic surgical training. The Aachen model].

    PubMed

    Krones, C J; Binnebösel, M; Stumpf, M; Schumpelick, V

    2010-01-01

    The Aachen model is a practical mode in teaching and advanced training, which is closely geared to the areas of academic acquisition and training. During medical education optional student courses with constitutive curricula offer practical points of contact to the surgical department at all times. Besides improvement of manual training the aims are enhancing interests and acquisition of talents. This guided structure will be intensified with progression into advanced education. Next to the formal guidelines of the curriculum, education logbook and progression conversations, quality, transparency and reliability are particularly emphasized. An evaluation of both the reforms and the surgical trainers is still to be made. In addition procurement of an affirmative occupational image is essential.

  6. Failures of the hospital financing system of the Federal Republic of Germany and reform proposals.

    PubMed

    Neubauer, G; Unterhuber, H

    1985-01-01

    This paper deals with an economic analysis of the present hospital financing system of the Federal Republic of Germany. In the first section normative criteria for the evaluation of hospital systems are established. The most important objectives are: a medically appropriate hospital care, an efficient production of services and adequate hospital care for everyone. The imminent conflicts between individual and social value systems on the one hand and between allocative and distributive objectives on the other hand are pointed out. The second section contains a short description of the most important elements of a hospital financing system: first the method of coordination of supply and demand. Since pure market systems are rejected as the only mechanism for the coordination of hospital care, other coordination systems must be applied. There are in principle two alternative systems at one's disposal: regulation of the hospital care by public authorities or negotiations between hospitals and financiers. Second, it is analysed how the financial burden can be shared amongst the patient and the various third party financing institutions such as statutory health funds, private insurance companies and public budgets. Third, the modes of reimbursement are discussed. It is pointed out, that besides the problem of how the hospital performance should be measured and how the level of prices of the services should be determined, the distribution of the production risks is the central matter in hospital reimbursement. The more hospitals have to undetake financial risks, the greater the incentives are for an efficient production of services. The third section contains a description of the main failures of the German hospital financing system. It is argued that the central public planning of capacities, which is dominated by political interests, causes excess capacities and structural disequilibria in particular sectors of hospital care. The next important failure is the division

  7. US metric study mission to the United Kingdom and the Federal Republic of Germany: Report of the NASA representative (Executive Summary)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vlannes, P. N.

    1976-01-01

    The trip report is given of the NASA representative of the U.S. metric study mission to the United Kingdom and the Federal Republic of Germany. The mission was organized and conducted under the aegis of the American National Metric Council to learn at first hand the progress of metrication in the United Kingdom and the progress of metrication in the aerospace industry in both the United Kingdom and the Federal Republic of Germany. Representatives of the mission included a cross section of government, industry, labor, and other segments of the private sector. After general and special meetings in the United Kingdom, U.S. members with aerospace related interests met with aerospace representatives in the Federal Republic of Germany.

  8. Sixteen States, One Country: The Political Structure of the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reuter, Konrad

    1991-01-01

    The relationship between the federal German state ("Bund" or Federation) to the 16 constituent states known as Laender is explored in this document. The first part explains the federal structure; it contains the following sections: (1) Unity in Diversity; (2) Distribution of Responsibility; (3) Legislative Powers; (4)…

  9. 3D Stratigraphic Modeling of Central Aachen

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dong, M.; Neukum, C.; Azzam, R.; Hu, H.

    2010-05-01

    Since 1980s, advanced computer hardware and software technologies, as well as multidisciplinary research have provided possibilities to develop advanced three dimensional (3D) simulation software for geosciences application. Some countries, such as USA1) and Canada2) 3), have built up regional 3D geological models based on archival geological data. Such models have played huge roles in engineering geology2), hydrogeology2) 3), geothermal industry1) and so on. In cooperating with the Municipality of Aachen, the Department of Engineering Geology of RWTH Aachen University have built up a computer-based 3D stratigraphic model of 50 meter' depth for the center of Aachen, which is a 5 km by 7 km geologically complex area. The uncorrelated data from multi-resources, discontinuous nature and unconformable connection of the units are main challenges for geological modeling in this area. The reliability of 3D geological models largely depends on the quality and quantity of data. Existing 1D and 2D geological data were collected, including 1) approximately 6970 borehole data of different depth compiled in Microsoft Access database and MapInfo database; 2) a Digital Elevation Model (DEM); 3) geological cross sections; and 4) stratigraphic maps in 1m, 2m and 5m depth. Since acquired data are of variable origins, they were managed step by step. The main processes are described below: 1) Typing errors of borehole data were identified and the corrected data were exported to Variowin2.2 to distinguish duplicate points; 2) The surface elevation of borehole data was compared to the DEM, and differences larger than 3m were eliminated. Moreover, where elevation data missed, it was read from the DEM; 3) Considerable data were collected from municipal constructions, such as residential buildings, factories, and roads. Therefore, many boreholes are spatially clustered, and only one or two representative points were picked out in such areas; After above procedures, 5839 boreholes with -x

  10. The Early Start of English — Recent trends and new directions in the Federal Republic of Germany

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gompf, Gundi

    1986-03-01

    New trends in the early start of a foreign language, especially the teaching of English, are compared with past innovatory measures in structure, curriculum and syllabus at a primary level of education in various Länder of the Federal Republic of Germany. The article concentrates on experiments in the Land Hesse, which is carrying out the most expanded pilot scheme on the Early Start of English (ESE) this year (1985). The primary objectives of the syllabus, its monolingual approach, the criteria for selecting appropriate topics, the part ESE plays in primary education, its links with other subjects at primary level as well as problems of teacher training and finance are discussed inter alia. The article critically reviews past research on the early start of foreign language teaching and concludes by emphasizing the need for a new, qualitative approach in ESE research work in the future.

  11. Agriculture Breaks New Ground. How Biotechnology and Regrowing Materials Are Being Used in the Federal Republic of Germany. Sonderdienst Special Report SO1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grimm, Fritz; Born, Sigrid

    This document provides an overview of the major research priorities of biotechnology and the use of what is known as "regrowing raw materials" in agriculture in the Federal Republic of Germany. Following an introduction, section 2 addresses biotechnology in agriculture, including biotechnology and genetic engineering, the significance of…

  12. Occupational and Qualification Structures in the Field of Environmental Protection in the Metal and Chemical Industries--Study on the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nitschke, Christoph; And Others

    A study focused on new occupational and qualification structures in the field of environmental protection in the metal and chemical industries in the Federal Republic of Germany. A total of 22 interviews were conducted with representatives of 11 firms. The public debate on occupational requirements in the field of environmental protection and on…

  13. Occupational and Qualification Structures in the Field of Environmental Protection in the Metal and Chemical Industries--Study on the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nitschke, Christoph; And Others

    A study focused on new occupational and qualification structures in the field of environmental protection in the metal and chemical industries in the Federal Republic of Germany. A total of 22 interviews were conducted with representatives of 11 firms. The public debate on occupational requirements in the field of environmental protection and on…

  14. Situation Reports--Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Botswana, Finland, German Federal Republic, Italy, Luxembourg, Mauritania, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Sweden, Tanzania, Yugoslavia, and Zambia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

    Data pertaining to population and family planning in seventeen foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Botswana, Finland, German Federal Republic, Italy, Luxembourg, Mauritania, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Sweden, Tanzania, Yugoslavia, and Zambia. Information is…

  15. Revolt or Retreat? The Protest of Youth and the Situation of Young People in Federal Republic of Germany. Special Report. Sozial-Report 4-83(e).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kischke, Martina I.

    Attitudes and socioeconomic conditions of adolescents and young people in the Federal Republic of Germany are explored in this review of research on views about the future, social protest, unemployment, trainee jobs, the situation of girls, and alternative life styles. Research suggests that young people, while perceiving threats to the…

  16. Agriculture Breaks New Ground. How Biotechnology and Regrowing Materials Are Being Used in the Federal Republic of Germany. Sonderdienst Special Report SO1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grimm, Fritz; Born, Sigrid

    This document provides an overview of the major research priorities of biotechnology and the use of what is known as "regrowing raw materials" in agriculture in the Federal Republic of Germany. Following an introduction, section 2 addresses biotechnology in agriculture, including biotechnology and genetic engineering, the significance of…

  17. European Forum on Educational Administration. Report on the Intervisitation Programme in the Federal Republic of Germany, 1980. (Mainz, West Germany, August 24-31, 1980.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hopes, Clive, Ed.

    A number of educators formed a network and established the European Forum on Educational Administration. The Forum's program described in this publication had a duration of one week consisting of a day of intensive orientation to the Federal Republic of Germany's education system, two and a half days of visits to educational institutions in the…

  18. Public and political issues in radioactive waste management in the Federal Republic of Germany

    SciTech Connect

    Neis, A.

    1993-12-31

    The Federal Government`s radioactive waste management concept and regulations governing formal public participation in licensing procedures for radioactive waste management facilities are presented. The paper focuses on public and political issues arising from widely diverging views in different social groups on nuclear energy and on radioactive waste management. The resulting conflict between Federal and Laender (Federal constituent states) authorities and the actual course of public participation in a licensing procedure are illustrated with the example of planned final disposal of radioactive waste in the Konrad mine. Major national efforts to overcome the unsatisfying present situation are presented and the role of international consensus is briefly touched. Concluding remarks will particularly justify admissibility and emphasize the need to discuss and eventually decide on radioactive waste management issues regardless of diverging views on nuclear energy.

  19. Successful Completion of the Largest Shipment of Russian Research Reactor High-Enriched Uranium Spent Nuclear Fuel from Czech Republic to Russian Federation

    SciTech Connect

    Michael Tyacke; Dr. Igor Bolshinsky; Jeff Chamberlin

    2008-07-01

    On December 8, 2007, the largest shipment of high-enriched uranium spent nuclear fuel was successfully made from a Russian-designed nuclear research reactor in the Czech Republic to the Russian Federation. This accomplishment is the culmination of years of planning, negotiations, and hard work. The United States, Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency have been working together on the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return (RRRFR) Program in support of the Global Threat Reduction Initiative. In February 2003, RRRFR Program representatives met with the Nuclear Research Institute in Rež, Czech Republic, and discussed the return of their high-enriched uranium spent nuclear fuel to the Russian Federation for reprocessing. Nearly 5 years later, the shipment was made. This paper discusses the planning, preparations, coordination, and cooperation required to make this important international shipment.

  20. Von Kármán between Aachen and Pasadena

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krause, Egon; Kalkmann, Ulrich

    2013-05-01

    In the Introduction the reader is referred back to the academic ceremonials held after Theodore von Kármán's death in Aachen in May 1963. His work as the first director of the Aerodynamisches Institut (Institute of Aerodynamics) of the RWTH Aachen University of Technology from 1913 on and his initiative to re-establish international cooperation after World War I, resulting in the International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (IUTAM), are commented on. The following chapter describes von Kármán's relation to his former teacher Ludwig Prandtl. Some of von Kármán's scientific contributions during his time in Aachen are briefly reviewed. Thereafter, his first contacts to the California Institute of Technology are covered. Finally, the scientific and political circumstances, which led to von Kármán's decision to leave Germany in the early thirties, are elucidated in some detail. The English translation of the titles of the Aachen papers is given in Appendix I.

  1. New Trends in Specialised Information Policy within the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Czermak, M. J.

    1986-01-01

    Reviews European attitudes toward information policy developments in West Germany, and describes recent activities undertaken by the German private sector, plans to reorganize the Society for Information and Documentation, and the federal government's specialized information program. The policies, structure, and activities of the Scientific and…

  2. Impact of Technology. Results of Vocational Training Research and Development in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, Hermann

    The Federal Institute for Education and Vocational Training Research undertakes research, development, promotion, and counseling work to develop the principles of vocational training provision. Its primary focus has been problems encountered during the transition from vocational training to the labor market. The Institute has been monitoring one…

  3. Impact of Technology. Results of Vocational Training Research and Development in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, Hermann

    The Federal Institute for Education and Vocational Training Research undertakes research, development, promotion, and counseling work to develop the principles of vocational training provision. Its primary focus has been problems encountered during the transition from vocational training to the labor market. The Institute has been monitoring one…

  4. Siting Survey and Configuration Optimization of a New Regional Array in the Federal Republic of Germany

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-03-15

    is especially acknowledged. B. Klotz, L. Kuehne , S. Lydssan and 0. Richter built and installed the equipment. Finally the refraction seismic survey was...N-2007 Kjeller, NORWAY Dr. Manfred Henger Federal Institute for Geosciences & Nat’l Res. Postfach 510153 D-3000 Hanover 51, FRG Ms. Eva Johannisson

  5. A Serological Survey About Zoonoses in the Verkhoyansk Area, Northeastern Siberia (Sakha Republic, Russian Federation).

    PubMed

    Magnaval, Jean-François; Leparc-Goffart, Isabelle; Gibert, Morgane; Gurieva, Alla; Outreville, Jonathan; Dyachkovskaya, Praskovia; Fabre, Richard; Fedorova, Sardana; Nikolaeva, Dariya; Dubois, Damien; Melnitchuk, Olga; Daviaud-Fabre, Pascale; Marty, Marie; Alekseev, Anatoly; Crubezy, Eric

    2016-02-01

    In 2012, a seroprevalence survey concerning 10 zoonoses, which were bacterial (Lyme borreliosis and Q fever), parasitic (alveolar echinococcosis [AE] and cystic echinococcosis [CE], cysticercosis, toxoplasmosis, toxocariasis, and trichinellosis), or arboviral (tick-borne encephalitis and West Nile virus infection), was conducted among 77 adult volunteers inhabiting Suordakh and Tomtor Arctic villages in the Verkhoyansk area (Yakutia). Following serological testing by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and/or western blot, no positive result was found for cysticercosis, CE, toxocariasis, trichinellosis, and both arboviral zoonoses. Four subjects (5.2%) had anti-Toxoplasma IgG, without the presence of specific IgM. More importantly, eight subjects (10.4%) tested positive for Lyme borreliosis, two (2.6%) for recently acquired Q fever, and one (1.3%) for AE. Lyme infection and Q fever, whose presence had not been reported so far in Arctic Yakutia, appeared therefore to be a major health threat for people dwelling, sporting, or working in the Arctic area of the Sakha Republic.

  6. Dustproofing Unsurfaced Tank Trails Grafenwohr Training Area, Federal Republic of Germany, June 15-29, 1985.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-12-01

    AD-A1?S 942 DUSTPROOF 1MG UNSURFACED TRW( TRRILS GRAENu.OHR TRAININ 𔃻 AREA FEDERAL REPU..(U) AMY ENGINEER MATERNAVS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKCSBURG HS...JUNE 15-29, 1985 by Robert A. Hass Geotechnical Laboratory DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY Waterways Experiment Station, Corps of Engineers - PO Box 631...Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station (WES) were requested in 1983 by the Director of Research and Development, Office, Chief of Engineers, to

  7. Monoclonal antibodies for use in man: current regulatory situation in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    PubMed

    Haase, M

    1990-01-01

    The article addresses the requirement to be met for approval of monoclonal antibodies with special emphasis on products coupled with radionuclides and on principles for the conduct of clinical trials. According to the German Drug Law monoclonal antibodies are considered as being sera. Therefore, the Paul-Ehrlich-Institut, Federal Office for Sera and Vaccines, is responsible for marketing authorizations. Sera and vaccines need a special manufacturing licence which is given by the competent authority of the Federal State. Batches of monoclonal antibodies can only be marketed if they have been released by the Paul-Ehrlich-Institut; in connexion with batch control the importance of reference preparations is stressed. The standard requirements for the data to be submitted with the applications for marketing authorizations are in accordance with the EEC Council Directives and Notes for Guidance. For the testing of radioactive monoclonal antibodies in clinical trials, compliance with both the Drug Law and The German Radiation Protection Ordinance must be ensured. In addition to the authorizations required for non-labelled monoclonal antibody products, the use of radioactive substances in diagnosis and therapy requires an authorization by the competent Federal State authority. The main purpose of the planning and performance of clinical trials with new monoclonal antibody in diagnosis and therapy must be the comparison with established diagnostic tools and/or established medicinal products of known effect.

  8. Scientific and Technical Information Policy of the Federal Republic of Germany

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tamura, Koji

    The gist and the background of “Specialized Information Program 1985-1988”, which was decided by the Federal government of Germany in June 1985, were outlined in comparison with the interim report of the fiscal year 1986. In the previous program “I & D” from 1974 to 1977, the establishment of GID (Association for Information and Documentation) and the consolidation of Specialized Information Centers (FIZ) were main object. However, in the new program, the role sharing between government and private enterprises was emphasized with a view to stimulate information demand in the circumstance of cooperation and competition of the world market.

  9. The accident at Gorleben: A case study of risk communication and risk amplification in the Federal Republic of Germany

    SciTech Connect

    Peters, H P; Hennen, L

    1988-07-01

    On May 12, 1987 an accident happened in the ``pilot mine`` at Gorleben in the Federal Republic of Germany where the feasibility of a repository or high-radioactive nuclear waste is currently being investigated. A miner was killed during that accident and two others were severely injured. Although this accident happened during conventional mining work and had nothing to do with radioactive waste, this event received much public attention and news coverage and had a strong impact on the political debate on the Gorleben project of a repository mine for radioactive waste and even on the nuclear power controversy in general. This study does not aim to evaluate the accident that happened in the Gorleben pilot mine from a geological point of view nor does it aim to evaluate the West German waste disposal concept. All information given in chapter 2 on these aspects should be considered as background information, useful in understanding the subject of this case study: the risk communication concerning the Gorleben project in general and the accident in the shaft in particular.

  10. [The Early Years of Military Laser Research and Technology in the Federal Republic of Germany During the Cold War].

    PubMed

    Albrecht, Helmuth

    2014-01-01

    The invention of the laser in 1960 and the innovation process of laser technology during the following years coincided with the dramatic increase of the East-West-conflict during the 1960s - the peak of the so-called Cold War after the erection of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The predictable features of the new device, not only for experimental sciences, but also for technical and military applications, led instantly to a laser hype all over the world. Military funding and research played a major part in this development. Especially in the United States military laser research and development played an important role in the formation of Cold War sciences. The European allies followed this example to a certain degree, but their specific national environments led to quite different solutions and results. This article describes and analyzes the special features and background of this development for the Federal Republic of Germany in the area of conflict between science, politics and industry from 1960 to the early 1970s.

  11. Moral dilemmas in perinatal medicine and the quest for large scale embryo research: a discussion of recent guidelines in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    PubMed

    Sass, H M

    1987-08-01

    This paper reports on recent regulations and guidelines in the Federal Republic of Germany bearing on perinatal medical ethics, embryo research and trophoblast biopsy. Some of the regulations are defensive responses to new moral opportunities. In contrast, this paper calls for a more aggressive moral cost-benefit assessment of high technology medicine, which would include large-scale research on embryos prior to the fiftieth day post-menstruation.

  12. Mathematics Curriculum Changes in Republic of Serbia for Grades 5-8 After the Break-Up of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vlajic, Jovana

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the changes in the mathematics curriculum for grades 5-8 in the Republic of Serbia after the break-up of SFRY. In particular, the research sought to identify the changes in the mathematics curriculum in terms of curriculum content and learning objectives, textbooks, and high school entrance examination…

  13. Microbiological characterization of a newly established pig breed, Aachen Minipigs.

    PubMed

    Plotzki, Elena; Heinrichs, Gerd; Kubícková, Barbara; Ulrich, Rainer G; Denner, Joachim

    2016-03-01

    To alleviate the shortage of human donor organs or tissues for the treatment of organ and tissue failure including diabetes, pigs are considered suitable donor animals. As organs from conventional pigs are usually too large, those from minipigs may be better suited. We recently characterized the Göttingen Minipigs, a breed well characterized concerning the presence of zoonotic microorganisms and found hepatitis E virus (HEV) and porcine cytomegalovirus (PCMV) in some animals. Here, we characterize another minipig, the Aachen Minipig (AaMP), a pig breed recently established close to the town Aachen in Germany. The animals were tested for the prevalence and expression of porcine endogenous retroviruses (PERVs) and the presence of some selected microorganisms, among them HEV, PCMV, and porcine lymphotropic herpesviruses (PLHVs) using highly sensitive and specific PCR and RT-PCR methods. In addition, we screened for antibodies against HEV and PLHV. PERV-A, PERV-B, and PERV-C sequences were found in the genome of all Aachen Minipigs. HEV RNA was found by real-time RT-PCR in most, and DNA of PCMV, PLHV-2, and PLHV-3 was found by PCR in some animals. The animals were free of eight other microorganisms tested, but some were seropositive for porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2), porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), and porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV). Based on medical examinations by veterinarians, the AaMP are in a good health status and seem to harbor only few microorganisms. To improve their status for use as donor pigs in xenotransplantation, the viruses detected might be eliminated by selection of negative animals, Cesarean section, and vaccination. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  14. Fossil woods from the Late Cretaceous Aachen Formation.

    PubMed

    Meijer

    2000-11-01

    Silicified fossil woods from the Late Cretaceous (Santonian) Aachen Formation of northeast Belgium, southernmost Netherlands and adjacent Germany were investigated. Gymnosperms dominate this assemblage: Taxodioxylon gypsaceum, T. cf. gypsaceum, T. cf. albertense (all Taxodiaceae), Dammaroxylon aachenense sp. nov. (Araucariaceae), Pinuxylon sp. (Pinaceae), and Scalaroxylon sp. (Cycad or Cycadeoid). Angiosperms are minor constituents: Nyssoxylon sp. (Nyssaceae?, Cornaceae?), Mastixioxylon symplocoides sp. nov. (Mastixiaceae?, Symplocaceae?), Plataninium decipiens (Platanaceae) and Paraphyllanthoxylon cf. marylandense (Anacardiaceae?, Burseraceae?, Lauraceae?).The composition of this assemblage and the anatomy of the woods indicate a seasonal and humid warm-temperate to subtropical climate.

  15. Planning, Preparation, and Transport of the High-Enriched Uranium Spent Nuclear Fuel from the Czech Republic to the Russian Federation

    SciTech Connect

    M. J. Tyacke; I. Bolshinsky; Frantisek Svitak

    2007-10-01

    The United States, Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency have been working together on a program called the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return (RRRFR) Program, which is part of the Global Threat Reduction Initiative. The purpose of this program is to return Soviet or Russian-supplied high-enriched uranium (HEU) fuel, currently stored at Russian-designed research reactors throughout the world, to Russia. In February 2003, the RRRFR Program began discussions with the Nuclear Research Institute (NRI) in Rež, Czech Republic, about returning their HEU spent nuclear fuel to the Russian Federation for reprocessing. In March 2005, the U.S. Department of Energy signed a contract with NRI to perform all activities needed for transporting their HEU spent nuclear fuel to Russia. After 2 years of intense planning, preparations, and coordination at NRI and with three other countries, numerous organizations and agencies, and a Russian facility, this shipment is scheduled for completion before the end of 2007. This paper will provide a summary of activities completed for making this international shipment. This paper contains an introduction and background of the RRRFR Program and the NRI shipment project. It summarizes activities completed in preparation for the shipment, including facility preparations at NRI in Rež and FSUE “Mayak” in Ozyorsk, Russia; a new transportation cask system; regulatory approvals; transportation planning and preparation in the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, and the Russian Federation though completion of the Unified Project and Special Ecological Programs. The paper also describes fuel loading and cask preparations at NRI and final preparations/approvals for transporting the shipment across the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, and the Russian Federation to FSUE Mayak where the HEU spent nuclear fuel will be processed, the uranium will be downblended and made into low-enriched uranium fuel for commercial reactor

  16. Values and policy conceptions of health policy elites in the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Federal Republic of Germany.

    PubMed

    Lockhart, C

    1981-01-01

    This essay presents data on the thinking of health policy elites in the United States, the United Kingdom and the Federal Republic of Germany. These three national groups are compared in terms of the values they perceive health policy should serve and their conceptions of appropriate policies for realizing these values. The different values and policy conceptions are then related to various propositions as to why social policies differ across nations, particularly to the hypothesis that social policies differ as a consequence of elite values and attitudes.

  17. 78 FR 48706 - Expansion of Global Entry Eligibility to Certain Citizens of the Republic Of Korea, the Federal...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-09

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Expansion of Global Entry Eligibility to Certain Citizens of... AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection; Department of Homeland Security. ACTION: General notice... program. The Republic Of Korea On April 21, 2011, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, CBP and...

  18. Landslide databases for applied landslide impact research: the example of the landslide database for the Federal Republic of Germany

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Damm, Bodo; Klose, Martin

    2014-05-01

    This contribution presents an initiative to develop a national landslide database for the Federal Republic of Germany. It highlights structure and contents of the landslide database and outlines its major data sources and the strategy of information retrieval. Furthermore, the contribution exemplifies the database potentials in applied landslide impact research, including statistics of landslide damage, repair, and mitigation. The landslide database offers due to systematic regional data compilation a differentiated data pool of more than 5,000 data sets and over 13,000 single data files. It dates back to 1137 AD and covers landslide sites throughout Germany. In seven main data blocks, the landslide database stores besides information on landslide types, dimensions, and processes, additional data on soil and bedrock properties, geomorphometry, and climatic or other major triggering events. A peculiarity of this landslide database is its storage of data sets on land use effects, damage impacts, hazard mitigation, and landslide costs. Compilation of landslide data is based on a two-tier strategy of data collection. The first step of information retrieval includes systematic web content mining and exploration of online archives of emergency agencies, fire and police departments, and news organizations. Using web and RSS feeds and soon also a focused web crawler, this enables effective nationwide data collection for recent landslides. On the basis of this information, in-depth data mining is performed to deepen and diversify the data pool in key landslide areas. This enables to gather detailed landslide information from, amongst others, agency records, geotechnical reports, climate statistics, maps, and satellite imagery. Landslide data is extracted from these information sources using a mix of methods, including statistical techniques, imagery analysis, and qualitative text interpretation. The landslide database is currently migrated to a spatial database system

  19. [Comparison of the Aachen Aphasia Test, clinical study and Aachen Aphasia Beside Test in brain tumor patients].

    PubMed

    Wacker, A; Holder, M; Will, B E; Winkler, P A; Ilmberger, J

    2002-08-01

    In the clinical routine examination of patients with brain tumors, aphasic symptoms are often not recognized. In order to document the incidence of such symptoms, three diagnostic methods of testing for aphasia were compared: the Aachen aphasia test (AAT), which is the German standard aphasia test, clinical examination, and the Aachen aphasia bedside test (AABT), which was designed to test patients in the acute phases of illness. In the AAT, 50% of patients with left-sided tumors and 36% of those with right-sided tumors showed aphasic disturbances. The AAT results were defined as the gold standard. Clinical examination showed only low sensitivity; less than half of the aphasic patients were diagnosed as such. The AABT also detected only about half of the patients with aphasic disturbances. The low sensitivity is caused mainly by the results of the patients with right-hemisphere tumors, in which the mental set of the examiner during clinical examination (aphasic symptoms are not expected in patients with right-hemisphere lesions) and the pattern of disturbances in the AABT (deficits may be less severe and different in nature) may prevent detection of aphasic symptoms. Both clinical examination and AABT are thus not suitable for aphasia diagnostics in brain tumor patients. As the AAT is very time-consuming in everyday clinical routine, however, the development of an aphasia screening test seems desirable.

  20. [DETERMINATION OF TYPES OF EPIDEMIC MANIFESTATIONS OF CHOLERA IN REGIONS OF THE CRIMEA FEDERAL DISTRICT (REPUBLIC OF CRIMEA)].

    PubMed

    Onischenko, G G; Popova, A Yu; Moskvitina, E A; Penkovskaya, N A; Listopad, S A; Titova, S V; Kruglikov, V D

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the study was determination of the type of epidemic manifestations of cholera in the Republic of Crimea based on evaluation of epidemic manifestations of cholera risk of introduction and spread of the infection. It was concluded, that, based on the cholera outbreaks, that had taken place, contamination of surface water bodies (fresh and sea) and sewage by Vibrio cholerae O1 ctxA+ and Vibrio cholerae O1 ctXA- potential epidemic danger of introduction of the infection by various types of international transport, population migration, the presence of epidemiologic risk in realization of water pathway of transmission of cholera causative agent and several other social conditions, the Republic of Crimea remains in the group of territories of type I by epidemic manifestations of cholera.

  1. 31 CFR 586.307 - Government of the Republic of Montenegro.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA... Montenegro, unless such property remains blocked pursuant to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia...

  2. The Thai version of Aachen aphasia test (THAI-AAT).

    PubMed

    Pracharitpukdee, N; Phanthumchinda, K; Huber, W; Willmes, K

    2000-06-01

    The lack of a standardized Thai Language aphasia test raises difficulties not only with the assessment and treatment planning for the clinical but also with the accurate diagnosis and the reliable incidence for research on aphasiology in Thailand. This study aimed to use the Thai version of German Aachen aphasia (THAI-AAT), which is systematically adapted according to well-defined linguistic criteria and psychometric requirement, to assess the language deficit of Thai aphasic patients. The subjects participating in this study were 125 aphasia patients, 60 non-aphasic brain damaged patients and 120 normal subjects. The result revealed that the THAI-AAT is linguistically parallel in test design and fulfills the same psychometric properties as the original. The THAI-AAT obtains the goals: to differential diagnosis of aphasia distinguishing it from non-aphasic disturbance and to identify the type of aphasic syndrome.

  3. [Is the structure of surgical clinics in Germany changing? A current investigation into the structure of surgical clinics in the Federal Republic of Germany].

    PubMed

    Lob, G; Lob, T; Bauer, H; Niethard, F; Polonius, J; Siebert, H

    2009-04-01

    Medical developments have led to extensive specialization in the field of surgery. This has already been reflected for many years in altered structure and organization forms of surgical clinics. Indispensable quality standards, statutory general conditions, increasing competition in service providers and health insurance with transparency of the service procedure all intensify this trend. The aim of this investigation was, therefore, to determine how far this differentiation of service supply in the field of surgery is also reflected in the area and in surgical departments and clinics of basic and routine supply. To achieve this, all available published information on the structure and organization of surgical clinics in the Federal Republic of Germany was classified according to current departmentalization into "undivided" or general/visceral surgery facilities compared to orthopedic/trauma surgery departments.

  4. Aachen-Keratoprosthesis as temporary implant. Case report on first clinical application.

    PubMed

    Kompa, S; Langefeld, S; Kirchhof, B; Brenman, K; Schrage, N

    2000-05-01

    The Aachen-Keratoprosthesis was designed to serve as a permanent keratoprosthesis, modeling natural corneal physical properties as closely as possible. Prior to permanent application in patients, keratoprostheses are commonly tested in animal models to assess biochemical and biomechanical compatibility. However, immune and inflammatory responses acquired through animal experimentation are difficult to extrapolate in order to develop a predictable and generalized outcome in humans. Therefore, this preliminary report includes results following a temporary implantation of the Aachen-Keratoprosthesis in a patient during vitreoretinal surgery to assess the long-term prospect of application as a permanent artificial cornea. A 43 year old man presented with a ruptured right eye resulting in an opaque cornea and retinal detachment. A soft silicone rubber keratoprosthesis, the Aachen-Keratoprosthesis, was temporarily implanted. Subretinal membranes were removed and the total retinal detachment was reattached. Liquid perfluorocarbon and silicone oil were used. The temporary keratoprosthesis was replaced by a 7 mm corneal graft after completion of surgery. The Aachen-Keratoprosthesis was securely positioned into the trephined hole. It allowed complete visualisation of vitreous, retina and thus controlled manipulations in the vitreous cavity up to the extreme periphery. Leakage across the trephination-prosthesis interface was minimal. We report the first temporary application of an innovative keratoprosthesis. Its flexibility and good optical qualities allow visualisation and control of intraoperative procedures. This temporary pilot study of the Aachen KPro encourages further investigation of the Aachen KPro as a permanent replacement for a diseased cornea.

  5. [Friedrich Panse: well established in all systems. Psychiatrist in the Weimar Republic, in the Third Reich, and in the Federal Republic of Germany].

    PubMed

    Forsbach, R

    2012-03-01

    The psychiatrist Friedrich Panse (1899-1973) was a T4 assessor during the Nazi era who sent mentally disabled and mentally ill people to their deaths. In the German Armed Forces he used higher galvanic currents to cure "war neurotics" and expose "malingerers." As a National Socialist he was a committed teacher of racial hygiene. Nonetheless, after the end of the Nazi regime many supporters quickly surfaced who were prepared to exonerate Panse. Panse himself was not among those who indignantly repudiated the accusation of any contact with the Nazi Party. He did not deny that he had openly embraced the Nazi measures for preserving the genetic integrity of the populace, but he did let it be known that he had suffered incredibly under the heavy burden. The State Government of North Rhine-Westphalia refused to allow Panse to continue in his capacity as an extraordinary professor. Panse successfully contested this decision at the State Administrative Court in Düsseldorf. He became the Director of the Institution in Düsseldorf-Grafenberg, the Psychiatric Clinic in Düsseldorf, a member of the German Council of Medical Advisors for questions regarding care for war victims of the German Federal Ministry of Labor, and President of the German Society for Psychiatry and Neurology.

  6. Old Age Policy in the Federal Republic of Germany--Discussed against the Background of the Social Security System Shaped by Traditions of Self-Help as Well as the Poor Laws in Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dieck, Margret

    In the Federal Republic of Germany, a welfare state, the elderly profit from social security measures to a lesser extent than does the rest of the population. As of yet, the older population has had very little importance in the political arena. Many policy outcomes directly affecting the living conditions of the older population are uncontrolled…

  7. Proceedings of the US/FRG research symposium: effects of atmospheric pollutants on the spruce-fir forests of the Eastern United States and the Federal Republic of Germany

    Treesearch

    Gerard, tech. coord. Hertel; Gerard Hertel

    1988-01-01

    Includes 66 papers presented at the US/FRG research symposium: effects of atmospheric pollutants on the spruce-fir forests of the Eastern United States and the Federal Republic of Germany, which was held October 19-23, 1987, in Burlington, Vermont.

  8. Lehrer in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Eine Kritische Analyse Statistischer Daten uber das Lehrpersonal an Allgemeinbildenden Schulen. (Education in the Federal Republic of Germany. A Statistical Study of Teachers in Schools of General Education.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kohler, Helmut

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the available statistics concerning teachers in schools of general education in the Federal Republic of Germany. An analysis of the demographic structure of the pool of full-time teachers showed that in 1971 30 percent of the teachers were under age 30, and 50 percent were under age 35. It was expected that…

  9. Freedom of Development for Industry and Consumers. Small Business and the Social Market Economy in the Federal Republic of Germany. Sonderdienst Special Report No. 1. Code No. 79. Q 6016.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lange, Wilhelm; Breuer, Michael

    Small businesses have made a decisive contribution to the reconstruction and development of the German economy and society since World War II. The Federal Republic of Germany considers small-scale industry important and has granted tax relief and initiated a wide range of loan and guarantee programs for them. The Act against Restraints of…

  10. Is Political Extremism within the Armed Forces of the Federal Republic of Germany a Threat That Can Be Managed

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-03-13

    and other damage to property "violence-free" called for "interference" actions against NATO’s headquarters exercise, Wintex- Cimex , in February 1987...military units; o disruptions of the Wintex/ Cimex exercises; o actions directed against exhibitions of the German Federal Armed Forces; o blockades and

  11. 31 CFR 586.516 - Transactions with respect to property in which the Government of the Republic of Montenegro has...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA (SERBIA & MONTENEGRO... blocked pursuant to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) and Bosnian...

  12. [Systemic Antimicrobials Consumption and Expenditures in Departments of Surgery of Multi-Profile Hospitals in the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus: Results of Multicentre Pharmacoepidemiological Study].

    PubMed

    Belkova, Yu A; Rachina, S A; Kozlov, R S; Mishchenko, V M; Pavlukov, R A; Abubakirova, A I; Berezhanskiy, B V; Eliseeva, E V; Zubareva, N A; Karpov, I A; Kopylova, I A; Palyutin, Sh Kh; Portnyagina, U S; Pribytkova, O V; Samuylo, E K

    2016-01-01

    The results of the systemic antimicrobials (AM) consumption and expenditures assessment in the departments of surgery of multi-profile hospitals in different regions of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus in 2009-2010 based on retrospective collection and analysis of the data from the hospital expenditure notes using ATC/DDD methodology are presented. The average AM consumption and expenditure rates in the above mentioned departments varied from 24.9 DDD/100 bed-days to 61.7 DDD/100 bed-days depending on the department profile, with beta-lactams (cephalosporins and penicillins) share in the consumption being as high as 70-90%, followed by fluoroquinolones and aminoglycosides. Only 55-70% of the consumed AM belonged to the drugs of choice, whereas the improper AM consumption and expenditure rates amounted up to 10-18%. The study outputs can be used for the budget allocation and AM distribution improvement in the departments of surgery, as well as for the development and efficacy control of the local antimicrobial stewardship programs.

  13. Risk of cancer for arc welders in the Federal Republic of Germany: results of a second follow up (1983-8).

    PubMed Central

    Becker, N; Chang-Claude, J; Frentzel-Beyme, R

    1991-01-01

    An extended follow up of 1221 chromium and nickel exposed welders in the Federal Republic of Germany confirmed an increased relative risk of 1.6 for all cancers compared with an internal reference group of 1694 turners. In an external comparison an excess of deaths from malignant tumours compared with that expected from the national mortality rates was found (standardised mortality ratio (SMR) = 109), which was clearly related to both time since first exposure and duration of exposure. Mortality from lung cancer was increased among welders (SMR = 113) but also among turners (SMR = 108). The difference remained when the subgroups were compared according to smoking information. A large excess of mesothelioma as a cause of death could be attributed to exposure to asbestos. The significantly increased SMR seen for urogenital tumours and "other or unspecified tumours" showed, however, an inverse relation with time since first exposure. This and other inconsistencies in the analysis by type of welding do not permit conclusive statements. Thus a further extension of follow up seems warranted. PMID:1931726

  14. Decree amending and adding various provisions to the Penal Code for the Federal District with respect to local jurisdiction and to the Penal Code for the whole Republic with respect to federal jurisdiction, 29 December 1988. [Selected provisions].

    PubMed

    1989-01-01

    Mexico's decree amending and adding various provisions to the penal code for the federal district, with respect to local jurisdiction, and to the penal code for the whole republic, with respect to federal jurisdiction, December 29, 1988, among other things, amends the penal code to strengthen provisions relating to sex crimes. Among the provisions are the following: anyone procuring or facilitating the corruption of a minor (under 18) or a person lacking capacity, by means of sexual acts, or who induces him to engage in begging, drunkenness, drug addiction, or some other vice; to form part of an unlawful association; or to commit whatever crimes will be imprisoned for 3-8 years and subjected to a fine. The sentence shall be enhanced if the minor or incapacitated person forms a habit due to repeated acts of corruption. Whoever encourages or facilitates a person's engaging in prostitution or obtains or delivers a person for the purpose of prostitution will be imprisoned for 2-9 years and fined. Pandering will be punished with imprisonment for 2-9 years and a fine. Whoever, without consent and without the purpose of achieving intercourse, performs on her a sexual act with lascivious intent, or forces her to perform it, will be sentenced to "15 days to 1 year's or to 10-40 days' community service work." If physical or moral violence is used, the penalty will be 2-7 years imprisonment. Performing the above act on a person under age 12 or on someone unable to resist increases the punishment. Whoever uses physical or moral violence to have intercourse with a person of whatever sex shall be imprisoned 8-14 years; using an object other than a penis either vaginally or anally on either a male or a female will result in imprisonment of 1-5 years. If the victim is under age 12, unable to resist, or if 2 or more persons commit the crime, an enhanced punishment will result.

  15. Mechanical Engineering at RWTH Aachen University: Professional Curriculum Development and Teacher Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henning, Klaus; Bornefeld, Gero; Brall, Stefan

    2007-01-01

    This paper offers a multi-perspective view on engineering education at RWTH Aachen University: curriculum design, examples of newly developed teaching methods for engineering curricula, and teaching competencies and teacher qualification. It is based on the theories of student-centred learning, project learning, social skills, etc., but the paper…

  16. The Type II Aachen-Keratoprosthesis in humans: case report of the first prolonged application.

    PubMed

    Kompa, S; Redbrake, C; Langefeld, S; Brenman, K; Schrage, N

    2001-02-01

    To improve the prognosis of corneal grafts in silicone-oil filled eyes of patients with severe ocular trauma by a prolonged application of the Type II Aachen-Keratoprosthesis (KPro). This application endeavors to improve post-keratoplasty prognosis by avoiding corneal endothelial dystrophy in the aphakic eye due to contact with silicone oil. PATIENT AND PROCEDURES: The Aachen-Keratoprosthesis' haptic was modified to allow tight contact with cells. The Type II Aachen-Keratoprosthesis was then implanted in an 18-year-old male, with previous management of bilateral corneal rupture. Rather than utilize the device as a temporary intraoperative tool, we extended the device's lifespan in the eye. Following implantation, the patient could see hand movements up to 0.1 with best correction. After 8 weeks, vision decreased and a retroprosthetic membrane proliferated. Upon conjunctival retraction, 3 months after the initial surgery, we excised the prosthesis and performed a re-vitrectomy and corneal grafting. The silicone oil was removed. After eighteen postoperative months, the graft remained clear, the retina was completely attached, and the vision was stable: 0.1 best corrected. This case reports the prolonged implantation and prospect of the Type II Aachen-Keratoprosthesis to be utilized as a permanent device to restore vision in the near future.

  17. Mechanical Engineering at RWTH Aachen University: Professional Curriculum Development and Teacher Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henning, Klaus; Bornefeld, Gero; Brall, Stefan

    2007-01-01

    This paper offers a multi-perspective view on engineering education at RWTH Aachen University: curriculum design, examples of newly developed teaching methods for engineering curricula, and teaching competencies and teacher qualification. It is based on the theories of student-centred learning, project learning, social skills, etc., but the paper…

  18. Aachen keratoprosthesis as temporary implant for combined vitreoretinal surgery and keratoplasty: report on 10 clinical applications.

    PubMed

    Langefeld, S; Kompa, S; Redbrake, C; Brenman, K; Kirchhof, B; Schrage, N F

    2000-09-01

    A new keratoprosthesis was used during pars plana vitrectomy in order to test the optical quality, watertightness, short-term biocompatibility and handling of the new device. The implantability was also tested, given that this keratoprosthesis might in future be left in place for several months. This Aachen keratoprosthesis (Aachen-KPro) is developed to be used as permanent implant to restore vision in corneal blind patients. The Aachen-KPro was used during pars plana vitrectomy in 10 patients with opaque corneas. In four cases, trauma precipitated the ocular disease. Eye burn was the cause of corneal and retinal disorders in another four cases. One patient had a history of congenital glaucoma with myopia, and one of uveitis with corneal dystrophy. After trephination of 6.5 mm in diameter, the Aachen-KPro, composed of soft silicone rubber, was temporarily placed in the trephination hole. After completion of the vitrectomy, the Aachen-KPro was replaced by a 7 mm corneal graft. Intraoperative use of the Aachen-KPro allowed uncomplicated intraoperative handling, smooth adaptation to the corneal rim in the trephination hole, and an undistorted view of the central and peripheral retina. Leakage, even during scleral depression, could be avoided by individual suturing of the scleral rim. After a follow-up period of 1-10 months, the retina was still attached in all cases. The corneal graft was clear after surgery in four eyes, and edema was found in three cases. Amnion or conjunctiva was placed over three patients' transplants. We report the first temporary implantations of a new keratoprosthesis in 10 patients. Its flexibility and good optical qualities allowed control of intraoperative procedures. The outcome and prognosis of the vitreoretinal surgery and keratoplasty were related to the primary diagnosis. The Aachen-KPro has shown advantages, especially in eyes where the anterior eye segment is severely damaged by eye burn or previous surgical interventions. In the

  19. The potential source of lead in the Permian Kupferschiefer bed of Europe and some selected Paleozoic mineral deposits in the Federal Republic of Germany

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Wedepohl, K.H.; Delevaux, M.H.; Doe, B.R.

    1978-01-01

    New lead isotopic compositions have been measured for Paleozoic bedded and vein ore deposits of Europe by the high precision thermal emission (triple filament) technique. Eleven samples have been analyzed from the Upper Permian Kupferschiefer bed with representatives from Poland to England, three samples from the Middle Devonian Rammelsberg deposit and one from the Middle Devonian Meggen deposit, both of which are conformable ore lenses and are in the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG); and also two vein deposits from the FRG were analyzed, from Ramsbeck in Devonian host rocks and from Grund in Carboniferous host rocks. For Kupferschiefer bed samples from Germany, the mineralization is of variable lead isotopic composition and appears to have been derived about 250 m.y. ago from 1700 m.y. old sources, or detritus of this age, in Paleozoic sedimentary rocks. Samples from England, Holland, and Poland have different isotopic characteristics from the German samples, indicative of significantly different source material (perhaps older). The isotopic variability of the samples from the Kupferschiefer bed in Germany probably favors the lead containing waters coming from shoreward (where poor mixing is to be expected) rather than basinward (where better mixing is likely) directions. The data thus support the interpretation of the metal source already given by Wedepohl in 1964. Data on samples from Rammelsberg and Meggen tend to be slightly less radiogenic than for the Kupferschiefer, about the amount expected if the leads were all derived from the same source material but 100 to 150 m.y. apart in time. The vein galena from Ramsbeck is similar to that from Rammelsberg conformable ore lenses, both in rocks of Devonian age; vein galena from Grund in Upper Carboniferous country rocks is similar to some bedded Kupferschiefer mineralization in Permian rocks, as if the lead composition was formed at about the same time and from similar source material as the bedded deposits

  20. Standard medical care of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in large specialised centres: data from the Russian Federation, Ukraine and Republic of Kazakhstan (ESSENCE).

    PubMed

    Nasonov, E; Soloviev, S; Davidson, J E; Lila, A; Togizbayev, G; Ivanova, R; Baimukhamedov, Ch; Omarbekova, Zh; Iaremenko, O; Gnylorybov, A; Shevchuk, S; Vasylyev, A; Pereira, M H S

    2015-01-01

    To describe disease characteristics and treatment regimens for adult patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with autoantibody positive disease in three countries (the Russian Federation, Ukraine and Republic of Kazakhstan). The Efficacy and Safety of Subcutaneous Enoxaparin in Non-Q wave Coronary Events (ESSENCE) study was a 1-year, retrospective, multicentre, observational study. Data included patients' characteristics, disease activity and severity, and healthcare resource use in 2010. Twelve centres enrolled 436 eligible patients: 232 in Russia, 110 in Kazakhstan and 94 in Ukraine. Mean age ranged from 36 to 42 years and median SLE duration from 3 to 6.8 years. According to study definitions, 69.2% of patients in Russia, 72.7% in Kazakhstan and 55.4% in Ukraine had severe disease at diagnosis. SLE activity (Nasonova classification, 1972) decreased from diagnosis to the last visit in 2010 in all countries. At the last visit, mean (SD) Safety of Estrogens in Lupus Erythematosus National Assessment-Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index score was 13.8 (10.5) in Russia, 19.4 (16.9) in Kazakhstan and 7.2 (6.8) in Ukraine, and Systemic Lupus International Collaborative Clinics/American College of Rheumatology damage index was 2.0 (2.2), 3.3 (3.2) and 2.2 (2.0), respectively. Treatment regimens included predominantly glucocorticoids (96.7-99.1%), immunosuppressants or cytotoxic drugs, for example, azathioprine and cyclophosphamide (20.7-53.2%), and antimalarial drugs (18.3-40.8%). The study provides reliable insight into the SLE clinical profiles in the referenced countries. Patients were 4-10 years younger in the study and had 3-7 years shorter SLE duration than in Western European countries and both SLE activity and severity were higher with higher rate of hospitalisations, but decreased during treatment. Local and international scales demonstrated correlation in SLE activity and organ damage evaluation. There were differences in

  1. The Aachen miniaturized heart-lung machine--first results in a small animal model.

    PubMed

    Schnoering, Heike; Arens, Jutta; Sachweh, Joerg S; Veerman, Melanie; Tolba, Rene; Schmitz-Rode, Thomas; Steinseifer, Ulrich; Vazquez-Jimenez, Jaime F

    2009-11-01

    Congenital heart surgery most often incorporates extracorporeal circulation. Due to foreign surface contact and the administration of foreign blood in many children, inflammatory response and hemolysis are important matters of debate. This is particularly an issue in premature and low birth-weight newborns. Taking these considerations into account, the Aachen miniaturized heart-lung machine (MiniHLM) with a total static priming volume of 102 mL (including tubing) was developed and tested in a small animal model. Fourteen female Chinchilla Bastard rabbits were operated on using two different kinds of circuits. In eight animals, a conventional HLM with Dideco Kids oxygenator and Stöckert roller pump (Sorin group, Milan, Italy) was used, and the Aachen MiniHLM was employed in six animals. Outcome parameters were hemolysis and blood gas analysis including lactate. The rabbits were anesthetized, and a standard median sternotomy was performed. The ascending aorta and the right atrium were cannulated. After initiating cardiopulmonary bypass, the aorta was cross-clamped, and cardiac arrest was induced by blood cardioplegia. Blood samples for hemolysis and blood gas analysis were drawn before, during, and after cardiopulmonary bypass. After 1 h aortic clamp time, all animals were weaned from cardiopulmonary bypass. Blood gas analysis revealed adequate oxygenation and perfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass, irrespective of the employed perfusion system. The use of the Aachen MiniHLM resulted in a statistically significant reduced decrease in fibrinogen during cardiopulmonary bypass. A trend revealing a reduced increase in free hemoglobin during bypass in the MiniHLM group could also be observed. This newly developed Aachen MiniHLM with low priming volume, reduced hemolysis, and excellent gas transfer (O(2) and CO(2)) may reduce circuit-induced complications during heart surgery in neonates.

  2. Aachen: Offensive, Deliberate Attack, MOUT (Military Operations on Urbanized Terrain), 13 September-21 October 1944

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-05-23

    known as the Dutch frontier. The city was founded in the eighth century A.D. and is alleged to be the birthplace of the great German Emperor Charlemagne ...Aachen was the Western culture and learning during Charlemagne’s reign. In all, thirty-two German kings and emperors have been crowned in this highly...city of the Emperors ". Translated and digested at the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College from Deutsche Allgemine Zeitun& , 26 Octiber 1944

  3. The Aachen-keratoprosthesis--a flexible KPro that permits intraocular pressure measurement.

    PubMed

    Krug, A; Kompa, S; Schrage, N F

    2002-03-01

    Postoperative glaucoma is one of the major complications observed in patients with keratoprostheses (KPro). The optical components of the majority of KPros are rigid and inflexible, which prevents indirect tonometry by common methods. This study confirms that the Aachen-KPro allows measurements of intraocular pressure (IOP) due to its flexible optical part with a modified Schiotz tonometer. The Aachen-KPro was placed in a special chamber where pressure can be generated and monitored by a transducer. Measurements were taken by common ophthalmologic methods. The results were compared to the initial pressure values in the chamber. With the Goldmann tonometer, the Tono-Pen and the topography system (Technomed), no significant pressure changes could be observed. The results of the Schiotz tonometer were promising. It was slightly modified and standard curves with different weights could be obtained. With a modified Schiotz tonometer, it is possible to detect elevated IOPs. Modifying this common instrument is inexpensive and can be easily performed. This advantage of the Aachen-KPro permits early management of postoperative high tension glaucoma.

  4. Seminar on "The Methodology of Civics Teaching" for Teachers from the Chechen Republic (Ghelendjik, Russian Federation, October 1-6, 2001).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council of Europe, Strasbourg (France).

    The need for civic education is an important and urgent issue throughout the world, particularly in the Chechen Republic, which is undergoing transition from a war culture to a peace culture. The European Commission, together with the Council of Europe and other entities, held a training seminar on civics teaching for teachers and school…

  5. Seminar on "The Methodology of Civics Teaching" for Teachers from the Chechen Republic (Ghelendjik, Russian Federation, October 1-6, 2001).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council of Europe, Strasbourg (France).

    The need for civic education is an important and urgent issue throughout the world, particularly in the Chechen Republic, which is undergoing transition from a war culture to a peace culture. The European Commission, together with the Council of Europe and other entities, held a training seminar on civics teaching for teachers and school…

  6. Penetrated system' or normal' state An exploration of INF arms control policy, East-West economic relations, and inter-German policy in the Federal Republic of Germany, 1979-1987

    SciTech Connect

    Fisher, C.S.

    1991-01-01

    The thesis explores policy-making processes in the Federal Republic from 1979-1987 in three areas: INF arms control policy, East-West economic relations, and inter-German policy. Each case study assesses the degree of complexity and domestic accountability in policy-making processes and evaluates the relative influence of domestic and external factors on policy choices. It argues that the trends in West German foreign policy toward greater assertiveness reflected the evolution of the FRG as a state, society, and polity. The maturation' of the Federal Republic has introduced greater complexity into foreign policy-making processes, and more frequent societal intervention into what heretofore were elite deliberations. Domestic actors have begun to demand greater accountability, while West German leaders, in turn, have become more assertive and confident in defending German national interests. As the FRG has gained respect and self-respect, it has begun to assume the international role that might be expected of a state of its size, population, geo-political importance, and level of political and economic development. The FRG has become a normal' state.

  7. Fluid evolution at the Variscan front in the vicinity of the Aachen thrust

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sindern, S.; Meyer, F. M.; Lögering, M. J.; Kolb, J.; Vennemann, T.; Schwarzbauer, J.

    2012-01-01

    Quartz-carbonate-chlorite veins were studied in borehole samples of the RWTH-1 well in Aachen. Veins formed in Devonian rocks in the footwall of the Aachen thrust during Variscan deformation and associated fluid flow. Primary fluid inclusions indicate subsolvus unmixing of a homogenous H2O-CO2-CH4-(N2)-Na-(K)-Cl fluid into a H2O-Na-(K)-Cl solution and a vapour-rich CO2-(H2O, CH4, N2) fluid. The aqueous end-member composition resembles that of metamorphic fluids of the Variscan front zone with salinities ranging from 4 to 7% NaCl equiv. and maximum homogenisation temperatures of close to 400°C. Pressure estimates indicate a burial depth between 4,500 and 8,000 m at geothermal gradients between 50 and 75°C/26 MPa, but pressure decrease to sublithostatic conditions is also indicated, probably as a consequence of fracture opening during episodic seismic activity. A second fluid system, mainly preserved in pseudo-secondary and secondary fluid inclusions, is characterised by fluid temperatures between 200 and 250°C and salinities of <5% NaCl equiv. Bulk stable isotope analyses of fluids released from vein quartz, calcite, and dolomite by decrepitation yielded δDH2O values from -89 to -113 ‰, δ13CCH4 from -26.9 to -28.9‰ (VPDB) and δ13CCO2 from -12.8 to -23.3‰ (VPDB). The low δD and δ13C range of the fluids is considered to be due to interaction with cracked hydrocarbons. The second fluid influx caused partial isotope exchange and disequilibrium. It is envisaged that an initial short lived flux of hot metamorphic fluids expelled from the epizonal metamorphic domains of the Stavelot-Venn massif. The metamorphic fluid was focused along major thrust faults of the Variscan front zone such as the Aachen thrust. A second fluid influx was introduced from formation waters in the footwall of the Aachen thrust as a consequence of progressive deformation. Mixing of the cooler and lower salinity formation water with the hot metamorphic fluid during episodic fluid

  8. [Contact allergens in the standard patch test series from 1980-2004 at the University Clinic Aachen].

    PubMed

    Hoeller Obrigkeit, D; Vens, N; Merk, H F; Schroeder, C M

    2005-12-01

    Allergic contact dermatitis is a common disease whose specific therapy is avoidance of allergens. It is critical to identify frequency of occurrence of allergic reactions to initiate preventive measures (e.g. elimination of substances with an especially high allergic potential). This study analyzes results of patch testing performed between 1980 and 1993 at the University Clinic of the RWTH Aachen. Additionally, age and sex-related distribution was evaluated. The data is compared to published patch test results covering the years 1995-2001 and patch test results from 2004 in the University Clinic Aachen.

  9. Secular trends in body mass index measurements in preschool children from the City of Aachen, Germany.

    PubMed

    Herpertz-Dahlmann, Beate; Geller, Frank; Böhle, Corinna; Khalil, Corinna; Trost-Brinkhues, Gabriele; Ziegler, Andreas; Hebebrand, Johannes

    2003-02-01

    On account of the recent increases in prevalence of childhood obesity in Western countries, the present study tried to verify a secular trend for increasing body mass index (BMI; kg/m(2)) in preschool children in Aachen, Germany. The total sample was based on weight and height data for all 99,500 children of German nationality before enrollment in school in the City of Aachen from 1968-1999. For each year, 10% of the boys and girls respectively, were randomly selected for the analyses. Quantile regression was used to examine the pattern and extent of change in BMI percentiles over this 31-year period. Anthropometric data of a total of 5081 boys and 4863 girls were subjected to quantile regression. While significant increases occurred for any given BMI percentile, the annual increase for both sexes was most prominent in the upper range. No change in body height was observed during the study period. preschool children have gained a higher body mass index during the last 30 years. The mechanisms underlying the secular trend towards increasing body mass index seemingly affect children in the upper weight range more than those in the lower range.

  10. Managing the University/Training Hospital Interface: The Case of the Rheinisch-Westfalische Technishce Hochschule (RWTH) Aachen.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    von Bernuth, Gotz

    1991-01-01

    The Faculty of Medicine of the Rheinisch-Westfalische Technische Hochschule Aachen (Germany), founded in 1966, has been housed in one building since 1984. The faculty and university hospital are managed by three institutions: the dean (responsible for teaching and research); the clinical directorate (responsible for patient care); and the…

  11. Managing the University/Training Hospital Interface: The Case of the Rheinisch-Westfalische Technishce Hochschule (RWTH) Aachen.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    von Bernuth, Gotz

    1991-01-01

    The Faculty of Medicine of the Rheinisch-Westfalische Technische Hochschule Aachen (Germany), founded in 1966, has been housed in one building since 1984. The faculty and university hospital are managed by three institutions: the dean (responsible for teaching and research); the clinical directorate (responsible for patient care); and the…

  12. The Aachen Minipig: Phenotype, Genotype, Hematological and Biochemical Characterization, and Comparison to the Göttingen Minipig.

    PubMed

    Pawlowsky, Kerstin; Ernst, Lisa; Steitz, Julia; Stopinski, Thaddäus; Kögel, Babette; Henger, Anna; Kluge, Reinhart; Tolba, René

    2017-04-22

    The pig is one of the most frequently used large animal models for biomedical research, especially in the field of translational research and surgical models. While standard livestock breeds are used in short-term and acute studies, minipig breeds are the preferred breeds in long-term and chronic studies due to their limited growth and body weight. In consideration of the 3R principle (refinement, reduction, replacement) and the increasing demand, the aim of this study was to generate a new, robust, non-specific-pathogen-free minipig breed, the Aachen minipig. Phenotype, genotype, and hematological as well as clinical chemistry parameters were characterized, and reference values of the Aachen minipig were generated and compared to the values in the commonly used Göttingen minipig. Organ weights of the heart, kidney, liver, lung, spleen, and brain were determined using a laboratory balance. Blood samples were collected for hematology and clinical chemistry. Assessment of genetic diversity was performed by microsatellite markers. Nasal swabs were collected from 11 individual minipigs representing 6 races for DNA extraction. DNA was quantified and the identity and origin of the Aachen minipigs at the genomic level was determined by microsatellites. The Aachen minipig established here is based on the Mini-LEWE breed and consists of the Vietnamese potbelly pig, the Schwäbisch Hällisch Landpig, the German Landrace, and the Minnesota minipig. Relative organ weights (lung, heart, kidneys, brain), hematology (hemoglobin, hematocrit, platelet count, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, segmented neutrophils, lymphocytes, eosinophils, basophils), and clinical chemistry parameters (sodium, calcium, chloride, alkaline phosphatase, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, gamma-glutamyl transferase, lactate dehydrogenase, triglycerides, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, total bilirubin, total protein, creatine kinase) of the Aachen minipigs and the G

  13. Typing of Streptococcus pyogenes strains isolated from throat infections in the region of Aachen, Germany.

    PubMed

    Brandt, C M; Spellerberg, B; Honscha, M; Truong, N D; Hoevener, B; Lütticken, R

    2001-01-01

    Changes in the epidemiology of Streptococcus pyogenes infections may be associated with the introduction and reappearance of individual serotypes within a population. Typing of 216 consecutive isolates of S. pyogenes from patients with pharyngitis in the region of Aachen, Germany, was performed by sequencing the emm gene, slide-agglutination of the T-antigen and determining the serum opacity reaction (SOR). All 216 isolates were unequivocally emm-typable. emm1 was most common (18.5%), foLlowed by emm12 (15.7%), emm3 (14.4%) and emm28 (13.9%). Only four isolates contained newly validated emm types: emm89 or emm94 were harbored by two isolates each. In one isolate, the sequence type s104 was found. Despite an anticipated selective pressure, the prevalence of emm1 among isolates from throat infections in northwestern Germany remains high, but does not reflect the predominance of emm1 among invasive isolates in Germany.

  14. 76 FR 42682 - High Pressure Steel Cylinders From the People's Republic of China: Postponement of Preliminary...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration High Pressure Steel Cylinders From the People's Republic of China... pressure steel ] cylinders from the People's Republic of China (``PRC''). See High Pressure Steel...

  15. In situ stress variations at the Variscan deformation front — Results from the deep Aachen geothermal well

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trautwein-Bruns, Ute; Schulze, Katja C.; Becker, Stephan; Kukla, Peter A.; Urai, Janos L.

    2010-10-01

    In 2004 the 2544 m deep RWTH-1 well was drilled in the city centre of Aachen to supply geothermal heat for the heating and cooling of the new student service centre "SuperC" of RWTH Aachen University. Aachen is located in a complex geologic and tectonic position at the northern margin of the Variscan deformation front at the borders between the Brabant Massif, the Hohes Venn/Eifel areas and the presently active rift zone of the Lower Rhine Embayment, where existing data on in situ stress show complex changes over short distances. The borehole offers a unique opportunity to study varying stress regimes in this area of complex geodynamic evolution. This study of the in situ stresses is based on the observation of compressive borehole breakouts and drilling-induced tensile fractures in electrical and acoustic image logs. The borehole failure analysis shows that the maximum horizontal stress trends SE-NW which is in accordance with the general West European stress trend. Stress magnitudes modelled in accordance to the Mohr-Coulomb Theory of Sliding Friction indicate minimum and maximum horizontal stress gradients of 0.019 MPa/m and 0.038 MPa/m, respectively. The occurrence of drilling-induced tensile failure and the calculated in situ stress magnitudes are consistent with a model of strike-slip deformation. The observed strike-slip faulting regime supports the extension of the Brabant Shear Zone proposed by Ahorner (1975) into the Aachen city area, where it joins the major normal faulting set of the Roer Valley Graben zone. This intersection of the inherited Variscan deformation grain and the Cenozoic deformation resulting in recent strike-slip and normal faulting activity proves the tectonically different deformation responses over a short distance between the long-lived Brabant Massif and the Cenozoic Rhine Rift System.

  16. [National socialism health policy and the Aachen region reflected in the "West German Observer"].

    PubMed

    Schreiber, Jürgen; Lohmeier, Jens

    2010-01-01

    The article deals with the question of medicine in the time of the Nazi regime in Germany. It focuses on the question how the media in the "Third Reich" took up the subject "medicine" in general and which aspects were notably mentioned. The footing of this research is the "Westdeutscher Beobachter" and its local edition for the region and the city of Aachen. It was a newspaper published by the regional division of the NSDAP, hence a direct repetition of the Nazi ideology can be expected. During the research it became clear that medicine was not an important subject of propaganda in this newspaper. Only a few articles were about classic Nazi medical topics like "Erbgesundheit" (racial hygiene) and even less about naturopathy. The frequency of articles containing medical issues was very inconsistent, but only in 1934 there was a mentionable number of articles mostly concerning "Erbgesundheit". In this year the racial hygiene poured in law. The main consequence was the forced sterilization of over 300,000 people. Furthermore the topic "medicine" in general seems to be a marginal factor. More popular topics like economic or foreign policy dominated the report of the "Westdeutscher Beobachter". It seems to be that the emphasis was deliberately not laid on the matter "medicine" especially eugenics--which was one of the main components of the Nazi ideology--because the regime didn't want it to become a public interest.

  17. Blood fluidity, fibrinogen, and cardiovascular risk factors of occlusive arterial disease: results of the Aachen study.

    PubMed

    Koscielny, J; Jung, E M; Mrowietz, C; Kiesewetter, H; Latza, R

    2004-01-01

    In the Aachen study the prevalence of arterial disease was established in 346 out of a cohort of 2821 subjects between 45 and 65 years of age. Rheological variables and risk factor profile for patients with peripheral occlusive arterial disease (POAD), coronary heart disease (CHD) and cerebrovascular insufficiency (CI) in comparison to a control group are given. Significantly elevated are hematocrit in males, plasma viscosity, erythrocyte aggregation and fibrinogen. It is evident that plasma viscosity is the rheological parameter most often elevated in patients with arterial disease (70.8%). In patients with CI (80.6%) plasma viscosity is elevated about four times more often than in healthy subjects. While 85.8% of healthy volunteers show no or only one elevated rheological parameter only 44.5% of the patients have this constellation. Risk factors are bundled in patients compared to healthy volunteers. 84.2% of the healthy volunteers have no or only one risk factor whereas patients with OAD show this constellation in only 30.9% (32.4% in POAD, 16.1% in CI and 32.4% in CHD).

  18. Performance of the Aachen Acoustic Laboratory and results from comparative studies in water and ice

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heinen, Dirk; Paul, Larissa; Wiebusch, Christopher

    2013-05-01

    To investigate acoustic ice properties under laboratory conditions and to test the thermoacoustic model, the Aachen Acoustic Laboratory (AAL) was founded as a part of the activities of the acoustic working group (SPATS) within the IceCube collaboration. The goal of SPATS is to evaluate the possibility of acoustic detection of ultra high-energy neutrinos in the Antarctic ice. The AAL provides a test facility setup with a proper infrastructure to study acoustics and thermoacoustics in a large volume of water and ice. The control of the freezing process, the ice quality, the temperature monitoring at different phases of the medium and the laser-based thermoacoustic sound generation are the key features of the setup. The AAL setup provides the possibility for the characterization of a wide range of acoustic transducers, sensor/transmitter calibration, study of the thermoacoustic sound generation, study of the acoustic properties of the ice, water as well as the water/ice interfaces, and research and development of new types of acoustic transducers (PVDF-based) as an alternative to standard PZTs. In this document, the different parts of the AAL setup are described, results on the commissioning from the laser based thermoacoustic sound generation are presented and the performance of an absolute sensor calibration method in water and ice are discussed.

  19. Macrolide resistance in Streptococcus pyogenes isolates from throat infections in the region of Aachen, Germany.

    PubMed

    Brandt, C M; Honscha, M; Truong, N D; Holland, R; Hövener, B; Bryskier, A; Lütticken, R; Reinert, R R

    2001-01-01

    Macrolide-resistance was assessed in 216 consecutive Streptococcus pyogenes isolates from throat infections in the region of Aachen, Germany. Seventeen isolates were resistant to erythromycin: 12 isolates revealed a macrolide (M) phenotype and harbored mefA, and five strains expressed an inducible macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin B (MLSB) phenotype of which four strains harbored ermA(TR) and one strain contained ermB(AM). Telithromycin (HMR 3647) and quinupristin/dalfopristin remained active particularly against the ermA(TR)-containing S. pyogenes isolates studied. Random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis identified multiple clones among erythromycin-resistant strains, but did not discriminate beyond the emm-type. mefA was present in three isolates either with emm2, emm12, or emm75, and in nine isolates with emm4. All four strains with ermA(TR) contained emm77, and the single strain with ermB(AM) harbored emm1. Despite the relative low rate of macrolide-resistance, these data suggest that at least three different macrolide-resistance determinants are prevalent in Germany and that mefA has spread rapidly into multiple clones of S. pyogenes.

  20. Molecular characterization of a German variant of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G6PD Aachen).

    PubMed

    Efferth, T; Osieka, R; Beutler, E

    2000-02-01

    Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is an X-chromosome-linked hereditary disorder. Clinically, patients with G6PD deficiency often present with drug- or food-induced hemolytic crises or neonatal jaundice. G6PD is involved in the generation of NADPH and reduced glutathione. In contrast to American, Mediterranean, and African ancestries, only few variants are known from Middle and Northern Europe. We describe the molecular characterization of a distinct variant from the northwestern area of Germany, G6PD Aachen. The sequence of the G6PD gene from three afflicted males was found to be hemizygous at cDNA residue 1089 for a C-->G mutation with a predicted amino acid change of Asn363Lys. The 1089 C-->G point mutation is unique, but produces the identical amino acid change found in a Mexican variant of G6PD deficiency, G6PD Loma Linda. This G6PD-deficient variant is caused by a 1089 C-->A mutation. The 363-amino-acid replacement is located outside a known mutation cluster region between amino acid residues 380 and 450, but may disrupt or weaken dimer interactions of G6PD enzyme subunits.

  1. Cross linguistic aphasia testing: the Portuguese version of the Aachen Aphasia Test (AAT).

    PubMed

    Lauterbach, Martin; Martins, Isabel Pavão; Garcia, Paula; Cabeça, Joana; Ferreira, Ana Cristina; Willmes, Klaus

    2008-11-01

    We report the adaptation of the Aachen Aphasia Test (AAT) to the Portuguese language (PAAT) and the results of its standardization in 125 persons with aphasia and 153 healthy controls. Patients with aphasia had a previous syndromic diagnosis, obtained through a Portuguese aphasia battery, which served as a reference. The control group was stratified by age and educational level. Hierarchical cluster analyses showed good construct validity. The increasing degree of difficulty and complexity throughout the item sets comprising subtests was confirmed. The discriminatory power of the PAAT for the selection of aphasic from non-aphasic persons proved to be as high as for the AAT versions in other languages. Classification of standard aphasic syndromes by means of discriminant analyses was good. Internal consistency, measured by means of Cronbach's alpha coefficient, was high to very high for the different PAAT subtests. Performance differences caused by age or educational level among the healthy control persons emphasized the need for correction factors. In conclusion, the PAAT showed robust psychometric properties, comparable to the original German and to adaptations to other languages. It constitutes a useful tool for cross-linguistic and multicenter studies.

  2. [Current state of the scientific activity of the Aachen group concerning number processing].

    PubMed

    Rohlfs-Domínguez, P

    The research group from Willmes and colleagues is one of the most advanced research groups in cognitive neuroscience. The use and nature of the numeric magnitude representation constitutes one of the study objects of the mentioned research group. This mental representation provokes a great controversy among the members of the scientific community studying number processing and arithmetic. As a consequence, there are several different theoretical models concerning number processing. In this work, we have reviewed some of the scientific studies realized by the Aachen group concerning number processing, with the aim to expound the current state of its activity. In the works from Willmes and colleagues, we can notice a logic sequence, regarding the formulation of work hypothesis. The course of evolution of their activity starts studying number processing and arithmetic on German listener population and continues with a progressive integration of the German deaf population into their work. There is, as well, an emergent trend in this group to research number processing at the classroom. This means to examine the underlying mental representations in the education field. The information included in the studies analyzed here, leads to several scientific questions which need to be researched in future studies, and questions and complements what has been supported by other research groups.

  3. 76 FR 6762 - Drill Pipe From the People's Republic of China: Amended Final Determination of Critical...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-08

    ... International Trade Administration Drill Pipe From the People's Republic of China: Amended Final Determination... Federal Register the final determination in the antidumping duty ] investigation of drill pipe from the People's Republic of China (``PRC'').\\1\\ \\1\\ See Drill Pipe From the People's Republic of China:...

  4. 75 FR 31425 - Drill Pipe from the People's Republic of China: Postponement of Preliminary Determination of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-03

    ... International Trade Administration Drill Pipe from the People's Republic of China: Postponement of Preliminary... Department'') published in the Federal Register the initiation of the antidumping investigation on drill pipe from the People's Republic of China (PRC). See Drill Pipe from the People's Republic of...

  5. 77 FR 29315 - Utility Scale Wind Towers From the People's Republic of China and the Socialist Republic of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Utility Scale Wind Towers From the People's Republic of China and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Postponement of Preliminary Determinations of Antidumping Duty Investigations AGENCY: Import Administration,...

  6. 78 FR 76815 - Non-Oriented Electrical Steel From the People's Republic of China, the Republic of Korea, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Non-Oriented Electrical Steel From the People's Republic of China, the Republic of Korea, and Taiwan: Postponement of Preliminary Determinations in the Countervailing Duty Investigations AGENCY: Enforcement and...

  7. [Demand for environmental medical advice at public health offices: experiences in the district aachen public health office].

    PubMed

    Wiesmüller, G A; Etschenberg, W; Koch, T; Konteye, C; Zahmel, J

    2002-03-01

    Since November, 1999 environmental medical advice is offered to interested citizens in the Aachen district at the District Aachen Public Health Office in cooperation with the outpatient unit of environmental medicine (UEM) of the Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine of the University Hospital at Aachen, Germany. Advisory cases are documented in a data bank of Microsoft(R) Access 97. Until now, all advisory cases between November, 1999 and March, 2001 have been descriptively analysed. In this period, 34 personal and two telephonic advices were performed. The frequency of advisory activities is in the lower rang of published experiences in environmental medicine. Age distribution, more frequent advice utilization by women than by men and predominance of unspecific health disorders are comparable with published environmental medical experiences. However, in respect of suspected exposures, unspecific indoor-related environmental factors are predominant. In the past this was true for wood preservatives. Judgement about possible relationships between suspected environmental factors and health disorders or diseases was positive among 11.8 % of the persons seeking advice. This percentage is higher than published experiences which mostly show values below 10 %. It must be considered that this judgement depends primarily on the physician. Other reasons may be the too small number of advice seeking persons and selective influences. Furthermore, a definite judgement can be made only after environmental medical diagnostics (biological monitoring, local inspection, ambient monitoring) and differential diagnostics. Conspicuously, 76.5 % of the advisory cases had no contact to environmental medicine prior to the environmental medical advice at the Aachen District Public Health Office. This points to an information deficit about possibilities to clarify questions concerning environmental medicine in the population. In this context a regional guide on environmental

  8. Federal Republic of Germany, A Country Study.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-02-01

    disseminates information to interested police forces and coordinates exchanges of information between them. It also operates a forensic laboratory and makes the...court trial. The law prevents police from subjecting suspects to physical abuse, torture, drugs, deceit, or hypnosis . Only the minimum force necessary

  9. ["Meet the AIX-PERTs." Emergency medical care at the beginning of the medical reform curriculum in Aachen].

    PubMed

    Beckers, S; Bickenbach, J; Fries, M; Hoffmann, N; Classen-Linke, I; Killersreiter, B; Wainwright, U; Kuhlen, R; Rossaint, R

    2004-06-01

    Extensive knowledge and skills in the basics of emergency medical care are of paramount importance for every physician and should therefore be an integral part of medical education. Regulations for medical licensure in Germany were revised by the administrative authorities in 2002 and as a consequence the Medical Faculty of the University of Aachen (Germany) decided to start the Medical Reform Curriculum Aachen. A multidisciplinary, problem-oriented and organ-related approach to medical education replaces the classical discrimination between basic and clinical sciences. With AIX-PERT (AIX-la-Chapelle Program for Emergency medical care and Resuscitation Training), a program consisting of problem-based learning sessions was developed for introduction to the first year students. Defined teaching objectives in emergency medicine are now incorporated in undergraduate medical education. The extremely positive evaluation of the new approach encouraged us to promote AIX-PERT further. In the future the effects of success of this approach will be assessed by longitudinal studies of skills and knowledge during the continuing curriculum.

  10. [Background and first results about methodological characteristics of the Aachen Life Quality Inventory].

    PubMed

    Hütter, B O; Gilsbach, J M

    2001-01-01

    Health-related quality of life has become an important criterion for assessing disease impact and treatment outcome. Therefore, we developed a questionnaire called Aachen Life Quality Inventory (ALQI) for the use in neurosurgical patients with brain damage. The ALQI is derived from the German version of the Sickness Impact Profile (SIP). The 117 items are formulated on a concrete behavioral level covering the following dimensions of health-related quality of life: 1. activation; 2. mobility; 3. house-work; 4. social contact; 5. family relations; 6. ambulation; 7. work; 8. free-time activities; 9. autonomy; 10. communication; 11. cognitive capacity. As in the SIP, a summary score of total impairment (ALQI Total score), a summary score covering the psycho-social dimension (ALQI Psycho-social score) and a summary score covering aspects of physical functioning (ALQI Physical score) can be calculated. The ALQI consists of a self-rating and a parallel proxy-rating version. The ALQI was validated and psychometrically verified using the data of as yet 231 neurosurgical patients with brain damage of mixed etiology (subarachnoid hemorrhage, closed-head injury, benign brain tumors). Internal consistency (Cronbach's Alpha) ranged from.68 to.91 for the subscales, while it was.97 for the whole instrument,.94 for the psycho-social and.93 for the physical score. The internal consistency for the subscales of the proxy-rating version of the ALQI ranged between.77 and.92, while it was.97 for the whole inventory and.94 for the psycho-social and the physical scores, respectively. Examination of construct validity revealed substantial correlations with a wide range of relevant neurological, neurosurgical and neuropsychological parameters. Beyond other findings, substantial associations emerged with several neuropsychological tests (r =.30 to r =.50), the Glasgow Outcome Scale (r =.39; p <.00) and in patients after subarachnoid hemorrhage with the Hunt& Hess grading (r =.28; p <.001

  11. Factors fragmenting the Russian Federation

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, E.

    1993-10-06

    This paper examines the factors that threaten the future of the Russian Federation (RF). The observations are based on a study that focused on eight republics: Mordova, Udmurtia, Tatarstan, Mari El, Bashkortostan, Kabardino-Balkaria, Buryatia, and Altay Republic. These republics were selected for their geographic and economic significance to the RF. Tatarstan, Bashkortostan, Udmurtia, and Mari El are located on important supply routes, such as the Volga River and the trans-Siberian railroad. Some of these republics are relatively wealthy, with natural resources such as oil (e.g., Tatarstan and Bashkortostan), and all eight republics play significant roles in the military-industrial complex. The importance of these republics to the RF contrasts to the relative insignificance of the independence-minded Northern Caucasus area. The author chose not to examine the Northern Caucasus region (except Kabardino-Balkaria) because these republics may have only a minor impact on the rest of the RF if they secede. Their impact would be minimized because they lie on the frontiers of the RF. Many Russians believe that {open_quotes}it might be best to let such a troublesome area secede.{close_quotes}

  12. 76 FR 61088 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Initiation of New Shipper...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-03

    ... International Trade Administration Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam... certain frozen fish fillets from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, received between August 3, 2011 and... frozen fish fillets from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam was published in the Federal Register...

  13. 77 FR 14002 - Steel Wire Garment Hangers From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Notice of Postponement of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Steel Wire Garment Hangers From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Notice of... Socialist Republic of Vietnam. See Steel Wire Garment Hangers from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam...

  14. The Thai version of the German Aachen Aphasia Test (AAT): description of the test and performance in normal subjects.

    PubMed

    Pracharitpukdee, N; Phanthumchinda, K; Huber, W; Willmes, K

    1998-06-01

    The Aachen Aphasia Test (AAT), originally developed as a test for aphasia language disorders in Germany, consists of six spontaneous speech rating scales and five subtests: Token Test, Repetition, Written Language, Confronting Naming and Comprehension. The study aimed to describe the linguistic properties of the AAT Thai version and to investigate the test performances of the normal subjects. In this study some problems of linguistic changes in the construction of the Thai version were discussed. The results revealed that the normal subjects' performances on the test were independent of age, sex and education level. Therefore, the Thai version of AAT is applicable to the differential diagnosis of the communicative abilities of Thai aphasic patients.

  15. [Surgical intervention in severe acute pancreatitis--retrospective study of 79 patients of the RWTH Aachen Surgical Clinic].

    PubMed

    Lohmann, A; Kasperk, R; Schumpelick, V

    1998-01-01

    This is a report on the surgical intervention in 79 patients with acute pancreatitis, who were operated in the Department of Surgery of the University Clinic RWTH Aachen in the period from 1986 to 1993. The main objective was the stratification of pancreatitis according to the Ranson-Score, the analysis of the surgical treatment and the timing of operation depending on the clinical condition. The average Ranson-score was 3.3 (median 3). 56 patients had necroses, which were removed because of the deteriorating clinical condition. In these cases the average Ranson-score was 4.2 (median 4). Seven patients (8.9% of the total number and 12.5% of the patients with necroses of the pancreas) died. This small number is the result of a severity-adapted management in a modern intensive care-unit and the good cooperation with the Department of Internal Medicine.

  16. [Cancer incidence in the Altai Republic].

    PubMed

    Odintsova, I N; Pisareva, L F; Ananina, O A; Khriapenkov, A V; Cherdyntseva, N V

    2014-01-01

    From all regions of the Siberian Federal District (SFD), the Altai Republic is the least urbanized territory, more than third of its population is Altai. The Altai Republic ranks the 11th for cancer incidence among 12 territories of SFD. Cancer incidence rate is 1.4 times less in females than in males. There is a tendency toward increased cancer incidence in the Republic. The two most common cancer sites in males are digestive and respiratory organs. In females, the most common cancer sites are reproductive and digestive organs. Prostate cancer has the highest incidence rate in males and kidney cancer in females. Increase in the cancer incidence rate was observed among male patients who are younger and older than able-bodied age and in female patients who were younger than able-bodied age. Problems related to the improvement of methods for cancer prevention, early detection and treatment are of great importance.

  17. 76 FR 20954 - Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products From the Republic of Korea: Extension of Time...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products From the Republic of Korea..., the Department published in the Federal Register the countervailing duty order on...

  18. 75 FR 18153 - Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products from the Republic of Korea: Extension of Time...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products from the Republic of Korea..., the Department published in the Federal Register the countervailing duty order on...

  19. 77 FR 16810 - Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products From the Republic of Korea: Extension of Time...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products From the Republic of Korea..., the Department published in the Federal Register the countervailing duty order on...

  20. Trends in occurrence of drugs of abuse in blood and urine of arrested drivers and drug traffickers in the border region of Aachen.

    PubMed

    Schiwy-Bochat, K H; Bogusz, M; Vega, J A; Althoff, H

    1995-01-21

    The region of Aachen is located in a triangle on the German, Dutch and Belgian borders and is heavily exposed to drug traffic, due to the differences in national drug policies. The analysis of toxicological casework in the Institute of Forensic Medicine in Aachen was undertaken for the period 1987-1993, i.e. 6 years before and 1 year after the partial suspension of the border control due to the Maastricht Treaty; 2653 cases were registered, among them 988 automobile drivers. The profile of the casework has changed after the opening of the border: up to 1992 most cases were obtained from the customs. In 1993 the prevalence of police samples was noticed. In the population of drivers, blood samples were only taken in 30% of all the cases. In other cases, concerning mainly motorized drug smugglers, only urine samples or seized drugs have been sent for examination. The urine samples in this group were mostly drug-positive. Drug-smuggling drivers appeared to be a risk-generating group for road traffic safety. The analyses of blood and urine samples revealed multiple drug use in most of the cases. Since 1992, a steep increase in the frequency of cocaine-positive blood samples among drivers was noticed. The results of the study indicate that the abolition of the border control affected the road traffic safety in the region of Aachen.

  1. [Gender-inclusive care of victims of violence : The model project "Gender Gewaltkonzept" at the University Hospital Aachen].

    PubMed

    Evler, A; Scheller, M; Wagels, L; Bergs, R; Clemens, B; Kohn, N; Pütz, A; Voss, B; Schneider, F; Habel, U

    2016-07-01

    Violence is a topic of great social relevance, frequently causing tremendous health consequences for those affected and high consequential costs for health care and the national economy. The established consulting and assistance services are usually restricted to offers for ambulant supply, mainly from private agencies or societies. As a result, there is no identification and care for patients who have experienced violence and who are treated in hospital. Another deficiency is the identification and care of male victims of violence. Despite wide-ranging offers of assistance, only very few gender-specific consulting and support services have been available to date.Therefore, the model project "Gender Gewaltkonzept" was initiated at Aachen University Hospital to assess the prevalence of violence and the potential consequences of the violence experienced on the patients' health. In addition, we investigated whether males and females are in need of different supply requirements.Based on the results of the project "Gender Gewaltkonzept" so far, and on prevalence estimates proving that there is a high rate of violent experiences in both males and females, this overview is aimed at presenting the aid and protection concepts available for victims of violence, in addition to the existing deficiencies of the care system. We present approaches to resolving these deficiencies to be able to establish all-encompassing gender-appropriate support for victims of violence.

  2. "CITY 2020+": assessing climate change impacts for the city of Aachen related to demographic change and health - a progress report

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schneider, C.; Balzer, C.; Buttstädt, M.; Eßer, K.; Ginski, S.; Hahmann, J.; Ketzler, G.; Klemme, M.; Kröpelin, A.; Merbitz, H.; Michael, S.; Sachsen, T.; Siuda, A.; Weishoff-Houben, M.; Brunk, M. F.; Dott, W.; Hofmeister, H.; Pfaffenbach, C.; Roll, C.; Selle, K.

    2011-09-01

    The research initiative CITY 2020+ assesses the risks and opportunities for residents in urban built environments under projected demographic and climate change for the year 2020 and beyond, using the city of Aachen as a case study. CITY 2020+ develops strategies, options and tools for planning and developing sustainable future city structures. The investigation focuses on how urban environment, political structure and residential behaviour can best be adapted, with attention to the interactions among structural, political, and sociological configurations and their impacts on human health. The interdisciplinary research is organized in three clusters. Within the first cluster, strategies of older people exposed to heat stress, and their networks as well as environmental health risks according to atmospheric conditions are examined. The second cluster addresses governance questions, urban planning and building technologies as well as spatial patterns of the urban heat island. The third cluster includes studies on air quality related to particulate matter and a historical perspective of city development concerning environmental issues and climate variability. However, it turns out that research topics that require an interdisciplinary approach are best addressed not by pre-structuring the work into related sub-projects but through combining them according to shared methodological approaches. Examples illustrating this rather practical approach within ongoing research are presented in this paper.

  3. Differences in Patient Health Questionnaire and Aachen Depression Item Bank scores between tablet versus paper-and-pencil administration.

    PubMed

    Spangenberg, Lena; Glaesmer, Heide; Boecker, Maren; Forkmann, Thomas

    2015-12-01

    To extend knowledge about measurement equivalence of depression measures assessed by tablet and paper-pencil administration, the present study evaluated the effect of mode of administration (MoA) on scale and item level for the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the Aachen Depression Item Bank (ADIB) in elderly patients. Primary care patients (N = 193, ≥60 years) were assessed following a crossover design in Leipzig, Germany. All participants filled out the PHQ-9 and the ADIB in both MoAs under study. Effects of MoA were analyzed by intra-class correlation, mixed-effects regression, and differential item functioning (DIF). Additionally, detection rates between both MoAs were compared using receiver operating characteristics analysis compared to a diagnostic interview (SCID-I, N = 163). No effect of MoA was found in the PHQ-9 on scale score or item level. Two ADIB items showed DIF according to MoA. In terms of discriminatory power, MoA did not influence detection rates of both instruments. In summary, our findings suggest that no severe effect of mode of administration on self-report assessments of depression should be expected. It can be concluded that tablets provide a valid way to electronically assess depressive symptoms in elderly patients. Yet changes in item presentation can influence the psychometric properties and require equivalence testing using sophisticated analyses on item level such as DIF.

  4. 31 CFR 586.308 - Government of the Republic of Serbia.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Government of the Republic of Serbia. 586.308 Section 586.308 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF...

  5. 78 FR 67115 - Aluminum Extrusions From the People's Republic of China: Intent To Rescind 2012 Countervailing...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Aluminum Extrusions From the People's Republic of China: Intent To Rescind... countervailing duty (CVD) order on aluminum extrusions from the People's Republic of China (PRC) for the period...

  6. Retention and Attrition of Pacific School Teachers and Administrators (RAPSTA) Study: Republic of Palau. Research Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Research and Development Cadre, Honolulu, HI.

    Pacific Resources for Education and Learning (PREL) works with 10 American-affiliated Pacific entities: American Samoa, the Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia (Chuuk, Kosrae, Pohnpei, Yap), Guam, Hawaii, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and the Republic of Palau. The survey raises awareness of the…

  7. 76 FR 31673 - Waiver of Restriction on Assistance to the Arab Republic of Egypt

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Waiver of Restriction on Assistance to the Arab Republic of Egypt Pursuant to Section 7086(c)(2) of the... Act with respect to the Arab Republic of Egypt and I hereby waive such restriction. This...

  8. 77 FR 266 - Fresh Garlic From the People's Republic of China: Initiation of New Shipper Reviews

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-04

    ... International Trade Administration Fresh Garlic From the People's Republic of China: Initiation of New Shipper...) under the antidumping duty order on fresh garlic from the People's Republic of China (PRC), meet the... published the antidumping duty order on fresh garlic from the PRC in the Federal Register on November...

  9. 75 FR 5766 - Certain Steel Grating from the People's Republic of China: Postponement of Final Determination

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Certain Steel Grating from the People's Republic of China: Postponement of... granted the request. See Certain Steel Grating From the People's Republic of China: Preliminary...

  10. 78 FR 25781 - Waiver of Restriction on Assistance to the Central Government of the Dominican Republic

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Waiver of Restriction on Assistance to the Central Government of the Dominican Republic Pursuant to Section... the requirements of Section 7031(b)(1) of the Act with respect to the Dominican Republic and I hereby...

  11. 76 FR 32388 - Waiver of Restriction on Assistance to the Central Government of Dominican Republic

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Waiver of Restriction on Assistance to the Central Government of Dominican Republic Pursuant to Section 7086... requirements of Section 7086(c)(1) of the Act with respect to the Dominican Republic and I hereby waive such...

  12. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2012-04-03

    This image, acquired by NASA Terra spacecraft, shows Santo Domingo, the capital of the Dominican Republic, founded in 1496 Christopher Columbus, it is the oldest continuously inhabited European settlement in the Americas.

  13. 75 FR 70908 - Circular Welded Austenitic Stainless Pressure Pipe From the People's Republic of China: Extension...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Circular Welded Austenitic Stainless Pressure Pipe From the People's Republic... of the antidumping duty order on circular welded austenitic stainless pressure pipe from the...

  14. 76 FR 65497 - Freshwater Crawfish Tail Meat From the People's Republic of China: Preliminary Results of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Freshwater Crawfish Tail Meat From the People's Republic of China: Preliminary Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review and Intent To Rescind Review in Part...

  15. Teaching microsurgery to undergraduate medical students by means of high-definition stereo video microscopy: the Aachen skills lab experience

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ilgner, Justus; Park, Jonas Jae-Hyun; Westhofen, Martin

    2008-02-01

    Introduction: The master plan for innovative medical education established at RWTH Aachen Medical Faculty helped to set up an inter-disciplinary, interactive teaching environment for undergraduate medical students during their clinical course. This study presents our first experience with teaching microsurgery to medical students by means of highdefinition stereo video monitoring. Material and methods: A plastic model created for ear inspection with a handheld otoscope was modified with an exchangeable membrane resembling an eardrum plus a model of the human cochlea. We attached a 1280×1024 HD stereo camera to an operating microscope, whose images were processed online by a PC workstation. The live image was displayed by two LCD projectors @ 1280×720 pixels on a 1,25m rear-projection screen by polarized filters. Each medical student was asked to perform standard otosurgical procedures (paracentesis and insertion of grommets; insertion of a cochlear implant electrode) being guided by the HD stereoscopic video image. Results: Students quickly adopted this method of training, as all attendants shared the same high-definition stereoscopic image. The learning process of coordinating hand movement with visual feedback was regarded being challenging as well as instructive by all students. Watching the same image facilitated valuable feedback from the audience for each student performing his tasks. All students noted that this course made them feel more confident in their manual skills and that they would consider a career in a microsurgical specialty. Conclusion: High definition stereoscopy provides an easy access to microsurgical techniques for undergraduate medical students. This access not only bears the potential to compress the learning curve for junior doctors during their clinical training but also helps to attract medical students to a career in a microsurgical specialty.

  16. The "Aachen fall prevention App" - a Smartphone application app for the self-assessment of elderly patients at risk for ground level falls.

    PubMed

    Rasche, Peter; Mertens, Alexander; Bröhl, Christina; Theis, Sabine; Seinsch, Tobias; Wille, Matthias; Pape, Hans-Christoph; Knobe, Matthias

    2017-01-01

    Fall incidents are a major problem for patients and healthcare. The "Aachen Fall Prevention App" (AFPA) represents the first mobile Health (mHealth) application (app) empowering older patients (persons 50+ years) to self-assess and monitor their individual fall risk. Self-assessment is based on the "Aachen Fall Prevention Scale," which consists of three steps. First, patients answer ten standardized yes-no questions (positive criterion ≥ 5 "Yes" responses). Second, a ten-second test of free standing without compensatory movement is performed (positive criterion: compensatory movement). Finally, during the third step, patients rate their subjective fall risk on a 10-point Likert scale, based on the results of steps one and two. The purpose of this app is (1) to offer a low-threshold service through which individuals can independently monitor their individual fall risk and (2) to collect data about how a patient-centered mHealth app for fall risk assessment is used in the field. The results represent the first year of an ongoing field study. From December 2015 to December 2016, 197 persons downloaded the AFPA (iOS(™) and Android(™); free of charge). N = 111 of these persons voluntarily shared their data and thereby participated in the field study. Data from a final number of n = 79 persons were analyzed due to exclusion criteria (age, missing objective fall risk, missing self-assessment). The objective fall risk and the self-assessed subjective risk measured by the AFPA showed a significant positive relationship. The "Aachen Fall Prevention App" (AFPA) is an mHealth app released for iOS and Android. This field study revealed the AFPA as a promising tool to raise older adults' awareness of their individual fall risk by means of a low-threshold patient-driven fall risk assessment tool.

  17. Constructing a paleo-DEM in an urban area by the example of the city of Aachen, Germany: Methods and previous results

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pröschel, Bernhard; Lehmkuhl, Frank

    2017-04-01

    Reconstructing paleo-landscapes in urban areas is always a special challenge since the research area often witnessed constant human impact over long time periods. Dense building development is a major difficulty, particularly in regard to accessibility to in-situ soils and archaeological findings. It is therefore necessary to use data from various sources and combine methods from different fields to gain a detailed picture of the former topography. The area, which is occupied by the city of Aachen today, looks back on a long history of human influence. Traces of human activity can be dated back to Neolithic time. The first architectural structures and the first road network were built by the Romans about 2000 years ago. From then on, the area of Aachen was more or less continuously inhabited forming today's city. This long history is represented by archaeological findings throughout the city. Several meters of settlement deposits, covering different eras, are present in many locations. Therefore, it can be assumed that the modern topography significantly differs from the pre-roman topography. The main objective of this project is a reconstruction of the paleo-topography of Aachen in order to gain new insights on the spatial preconditions that the first settlers found. Moreover, further attention is given to the question whether and to what extent a paleo-DEM can help to clarify specific open archaeological and historical questions. The main database for the reconstruction are the archaeological excavation reports of the past 150 years, provided by municipal and regional archives. After analyzing these written accounts, we linked this information to drill data, provided by the Geological Service of North Rhine-Westphalia. Together with additional sources like geological and hydrological maps, we generated a GIS-based terrain model. The result is a high-resolution terrain model, representing the undisturbed pre-roman topography of the inner city of Aachen without any

  18. Teaching the Holocaust in the Republic of Germany

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellis, Marsha

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to observe the approaches used by educators to facilitate learning about the Holocaust. The examples provided in this paper are one of various approaches that are used by educators teaching in the Federal Republic of Germany. Approaches will be different from country to country, from school to school, and from educator…

  19. 78 FR 65283 - Grain-Oriented Electrical Steel From the People's Republic of China, the Czech Republic, Germany...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-31

    ...-3874 (the Czech Republic, Germany, Poland, and the Russian Federation (Russia)); or Steve Bezirganian... Russia (the Petitions) filed in proper form on behalf of AK Steel Corporation, Allegheny Ludlum, LLC, and... to the Poland Petition, dated September 26, 2013, and Supplement to the Russia Petition, dated...

  20. Republication of: Relativistic cosmology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Robertson, H. P.

    2012-08-01

    This is a reprinting of the paper by Howard Percy Robertson, first published in 1933 in Rev. Mod. Phys., that is a very authoritative summary of relativistic cosmology at the stage at which it was up to 1933. The paper has been selected by the Editors of General Relativity and Gravitation for re-publication in the Golden Oldies series of the journal. This republication is accompanied by an editorial note written by George Ellis, and by Robertson's biography, compiled by Andrzej Krasinski from printed sources.

  1. The Aachen Mobility and Balance Index to measure physiological falls risk: a comparison with the Tinetti POMA Scale.

    PubMed

    Knobe, M; Giesen, M; Plate, S; Gradl-Dietsch, G; Buecking, B; Eschbach, D; van Laack, W; Pape, H-C

    2016-10-01

    The most commonly used mobility assessments for screening risk of falls among older adults are rating scales such as the Tinetti performance oriented mobility assessment (POMA). However, its correlation with falls is not always predictable and disadvantages of the scale include difficulty to assess many of the items on a 3-point scale and poor specificity. The purpose of this study was to describe the ability of the new Aachen Mobility and Balance Index (AMBI) to discriminate between subjects with a fall history and subjects without such events in comparison to the Tinetti POMA Scale. For this prospective cohort study, 24 participants in the study group and 10 in the control group were selected from a population of patients in our hospital who had met the stringent inclusion criteria. Both groups completed the Tinetti POMA Scale (gait and balance component) and the AMBI (tandem stance, tandem walk, ten-meter-walk-test, sit-to-stand with five repetitions, 360° turns, timed-up-and-go-test and measurement of the dominant hand grip strength). A history of falls and hospitalization in the past year were evaluated retrospectively. The relationships among the mobility tests were examined with Bland-Altmananalysis. Receiver-operated characteristics curves, sensitivity and specificity were calculated. The study showed a strong negative correlation between the AMBI (17 points max., highest fall risk) and Tinetti POMA Scale (28 points max., lowest fall risk; r = -0.78, p < 0.001) with an excellent discrimination between community-dwelling older people and a younger control group. However, there were no differences in any of the mobility and balance measurements between participants with and without a fall history with equal characteristics in test comparison (AMBI vs. Tinetti POMA Scale: AUC 0.570 vs. 0.598; p = 0.762). The Tinetti POMA Scale (cut-off <20 points) showed a sensitivity of 0.45 and a specificity of 0.69, the AMBI a sensitivity of 0.64 and a specificity of

  2. Federalism Lives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howard, A. E. Dick

    1987-01-01

    Examines the concept of federalism in terms of its past history and its encouraging future. Calls for a revival of concern for federalism not simply as a convenient administrative arrangement but as a fundamental constitutional value. (BSR)

  3. Understanding Federalism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hickok, Eugene W., Jr.

    1990-01-01

    Urges returning to the original federalist debates to understand contemporary federalism. Reviews "The Federalist Papers," how federalism has evolved, and the centralization of the national government through acts of Congress and Supreme Court decisions. Recommends teaching about federalism as part of teaching about U.S. government…

  4. Energy policy of the Czech Republic

    SciTech Connect

    Cerny, M.

    1995-12-01

    On February 16, 1992, the Government of the Czech Republic sanctioned, by its Decree No. 112/82, its first Energy Policy. Since that time, a number of conditions have changed: first of all, there was the partition of the former Federal Czechoslovak Republic, then the privatization of most of energy producing corporations, the deregulation of a significant proportion of power and energy commodities, the decision to bring to an end the construction of the Temelin nuclear power station, the creation of conditions for the construction of the Ingoldstadt oil pipeline, etc. These steps, on which the final decisions have been made, have brought about the necessity of updating the existing general Energy Policy. The updated Energy Policy is based on the Programme Statement by the Government of the Czech Republic of July 1992, as well as on other materials associated with energy and power generation, either approved or negotiated by the Government, in particular the State Environmental Policy the Rules of the State Raw Materials Policy, the European Association Agreement, the European Energy Charter, the results of the Uruguayan Round of GATT, the Convention on Climate Changes, the Ecological Action Programme for central and East-European countries, and other international documents that have either been, or are likely to be sanctioned by the Czech Government (especially the European Energy Charter Treaty, and the protocol on Trans-boundary Air Pollution and on Further Reduction of Sulphur Oxide Emissions).

  5. 75 FR 64250 - Small Diameter Graphite Electrodes From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Small Diameter Graphite Electrodes From the People's Republic of China... diameter graphite electrodes from the People's Republic of China (``PRC'') for the period August 21, 2008...

  6. 76 FR 33242 - Certain Steel Wheels From the People's Republic of China; Notice of Postponement of Preliminary...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Certain Steel Wheels From the People's Republic of China; Notice of... investigation of certain steel wheels from the People's Republic of China. See Certain Steel Wheels From the...

  7. 75 FR 846 - Certain New Pneumatic Off-the-Road Tires From the People's Republic of China: Partial Rescission...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Certain New Pneumatic Off-the-Road Tires From the People's Republic of China... Pneumatic Off-the-Road Tires (OTR Tires) from the People's Republic of China (PRC) for the period December...

  8. 75 FR 32159 - Certain New Pneumatic Off-the-Road Tires from the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Certain New Pneumatic Off-the-Road Tires from the People's Republic of China... new pneumatic off-the-road tires from the People's Republic of China for the period December 17, 2007...

  9. 75 FR 32158 - New Pneumatic Off-the-Road Tires from the People's Republic of China: Extension of Preliminary...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration New Pneumatic Off-the-Road Tires from the People's Republic of China... pneumatic off-the-road tires (``OTR Tires'') from the People's Republic of China (``PRC''). This review...

  10. 75 FR 17125 - Certain Steel Nails from the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-05

    ... International Trade Administration Certain Steel Nails from the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time... order on certain steel nails from the People's Republic of China (``PRC'') was published in the Federal Register on August 1, 2008. See Notice of Antidumping Duty Order: Certain Steel Nails From the...

  11. 76 FR 40324 - Diamond Sawblades and Parts Thereof From the Republic of Korea: Extension of Time Limit for the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Diamond Sawblades and Parts Thereof From the Republic of Korea: Extension of... administrative review of the antidumping duty order on diamond sawblades and parts thereof from the Republic...

  12. 75 FR 75172 - Diamond Sawblades and Parts Thereof From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limits...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-02

    ... International Trade Administration Diamond Sawblades and Parts Thereof From the People's Republic of China...; telephone: (202) 482-5403. Background The antidumping duty order on diamond sawblades from the People's Republic of China (``PRC'') was published in the Federal Register on November 4, 2009. See...

  13. 76 FR 41759 - Diamond Sawblades and Parts Thereof From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Diamond Sawblades and Parts Thereof From the People's Republic of China... antidumping duty order on diamond sawblades and parts thereof from the People's Republic of China for...

  14. 77 FR 66870 - Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement; Notice of Extension of the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Office of the Secretary Dominican Republic--Central America--United States Free Trade Agreement; Notice of... Dominican Republic--Central America--United States Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR). On March 26, 2012,...

  15. 76 FR 61134 - Waiver of Restriction on Assistance to the Central Government of the Democratic Republic of the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-03

    ... waive the requirements of Section 7086(c)(1) of the Act with respect to the Democratic Republic of the... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Waiver of Restriction on Assistance to the Central Government of the Democratic Republic of the...

  16. 78 FR 16028 - Waiver of Restriction on Assistance to the Central Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-13

    ... waive the requirements of Section 7031(b)(1-2) of the Act with respect to the Democratic Republic of... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Waiver of Restriction on Assistance to the Central Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo...

  17. 78 FR 54625 - Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts From the People's Republic of China: Notice of Partial...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts From the People's Republic of China... citric acid and certain citrate salts from the People's Republic of China (PRC) covering the period of...

  18. Retention and Attrition of Pacific School Teachers and Administrators (RAPSTA) Study: Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI). Research Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Research and Development Cadre, Honolulu, HI.

    Pacific Resources for Education and Learning (PREL) works with 10 American-affiliated Pacific entities: American Samoa, the Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia (Chuuk, Kosrae, Pohnpei, Yap), Guam, Hawaii, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and the Republic of Palau. The survey raises awareness of the…

  19. 76 FR 59111 - Pure Magnesium From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time for the Final Results of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Pure Magnesium From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time for the..., 2010. See Pure Magnesium from the People's Republic of China: Preliminary Results of the 2009-2010...

  20. 75 FR 39917 - Circular Welded Non-Alloy Steel Pipe from the Republic of Korea: Extension of Time Limit for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration (A-580-809) Circular Welded Non-Alloy Steel Pipe from the Republic of Korea... non-alloy steel pipe from the Republic of Korea, covering the period November 1, 2008 through...

  1. 76 FR 61134 - Waiver of Restriction on Assistance to the Central Government of the Central African Republic

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Waiver of Restriction on Assistance to the Central Government of the Central African Republic Pursuant to... requirements of Section 7086(c)(1) of the Act with respect to the Central African Republic and I hereby waive...

  2. 78 FR 16029 - Waiver of Restriction on Assistance to the Central Government of the Central African Republic

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Waiver of Restriction on Assistance to the Central Government of the Central African Republic Pursuant to... the requirements of Section 7031(b)(1) of the Act with respect to the Central African Republic and I...

  3. 75 FR 20564 - Laminated Woven Sacks from the People's Republic of China: Extension of the Time Limit for the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Laminated Woven Sacks from the People's Republic of China: Extension of the... laminated woven sacks from the People's Republic of China. See Initiation of Antidumping and Countervailing...

  4. 76 FR 41759 - Fresh Garlic From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for Preliminary Results...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Fresh Garlic From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for... garlic from the People's Republic of China covering the period November 1, 2009, through October 31,...

  5. 75 FR 32361 - Fresh Garlic From The People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for Preliminary Results...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Fresh Garlic From The People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for... administrative review of fresh garlic from the People's Republic of China covering the period November 1,...

  6. 78 FR 88 - Fresh Garlic From the People's Republic of China: Initiation of Antidumping Duty New Shipper...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-02

    ... International Trade Administration Fresh Garlic From the People's Republic of China: Initiation of Antidumping... new shipper review (NSR) under the antidumping duty order on fresh garlic from the People's Republic... published the antidumping duty order on fresh garlic from the PRC in the Federal Register on ] November...

  7. 78 FR 40428 - Fresh Garlic from the People's Republic of China: Initiation of Antidumping Duty New Shipper...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-05

    ... International Trade Administration Fresh Garlic from the People's Republic of China: Initiation of Antidumping... shipper reviews (NSRs) of the antidumping duty order on fresh garlic from the People's Republic of China... fresh garlic from the PRC in the Federal Register on November 16, 1994.\\1\\ On May 8 and 24, 2013,...

  8. 75 FR 63440 - Certain Preserved Mushrooms From the People's Republic of China; Extension of Time Limit for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Certain Preserved Mushrooms From the People's Republic of China; Extension of... certain preserved mushrooms from the People's ] Republic of China, covering the period of February 1,...

  9. 76 FR 66686 - Certain Preserved Mushrooms From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Certain Preserved Mushrooms From the People's Republic of China: Extension of... certain preserved mushrooms from the People's Republic of China, covering the period of February 1,...

  10. 76 FR 14918 - Steel Wire Garment Hangers From the People's Republic of China: Partial Rescission of Antidumping...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Steel Wire Garment Hangers From the People's Republic of China: Partial... wire garment hangers from the People's Republic of China (``PRC'') covering the period October 1,...

  11. 75 FR 55307 - Honey From the People's Republic of China: Preliminary Intent To Rescind New Shipper Reviews

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-10

    ... International Trade Administration Honey From the People's Republic of China: Preliminary Intent To Rescind New... (``POR'') of December 1, 2008, through November 30, 2009. Because the sales made by Suzhou Shanding Honey... Federal Register its initiation of these NSRs.\\1\\ \\1\\ See Honey from the People's Republic of China...

  12. 75 FR 44767 - Folding Metal Tables and Chairs From the People's Republic of China: Initiation of New Shipper...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-29

    ... International Trade Administration Folding Metal Tables and Chairs From the People's Republic of China... metal tables and chairs (``FMTCs'') from the People's Republic of China (``PRC''), received on June 30... published in the Federal Register on June 27, 2002. See Antidumping Duty Order: Folding Metal Tables...

  13. 75 FR 50992 - Magnesium Metal from the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time for the Final Results of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Magnesium Metal from the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time for..., 2009. See Magnesium Metal from the People's Republic of China: Preliminary Results of the...

  14. 76 FR 28731 - Hand Trucks and Certain Parts Thereof From the People's Republic of China; Extension of Time...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Hand Trucks and Certain Parts Thereof From the People's Republic of China... antidumping duty order on hand trucks and certain parts thereof from the People's Republic of China. See Hand...

  15. 77 FR 25136 - Hand Trucks and Certain Parts Thereof From the People's Republic of China; Extension of Time...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Hand Trucks and Certain Parts Thereof From the People's Republic of China... antidumping duty order on hand trucks and certain parts thereof from the People's Republic of China. See Hand...

  16. 75 FR 1755 - Prestressed Concrete Steel Wire Strand From the People's Republic of China: Postponement of Final...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Prestressed Concrete Steel Wire Strand From the People's Republic of China: Postponement of Final Determination AGENCY: Import Administration, International Trade...

  17. Family formation in the Czech and Slovak Republics.

    PubMed

    Rychtarikova, J

    1993-01-01

    The author analyzes family formation trends in the Czech and Slovak Republics. Information is included on first marriage rates, divorce, remarriage, and fertility. "Procreative behaviour in each of the birth-cohorts in the Czech Republic (starting with the birth-cohort 1930) is at the level of simple reproduction. In Slovakia, the completed fertility rate continued declining so that today the two parts of the former federation show very similar levels of reproduction. Marriage is a very wide-spread institution in Czechoslovakia and it is situated in the younger age groups.... The popularity of legal unions in the Czech and Slovak Republics and the relatively higher fertility rate in the European context can be ascribed to the young age at which those events occur." (SUMMARY IN CZE)

  18. Republic P-47C Thunderbolt

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1943-01-01

    Republic P-47C Thunderbolt: Republic's P-47 was one example of a perfect marriage of airframe and power plant. The engine of this P-47C was still under study, as can ascertained by the survey rake for measuring propeller thrust. This rake protrudes from the fuselage just behind the cowling ahead and in front of the wing.

  19. Republic P-47C Thunderbolt

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1943-01-01

    Republic P-47C Thunderbolt: Republic's P-47 was one example of a perfect marriage of airframe and power plant. The engine of this P-47C was still under study, as can be ascertained by the survey rake for measuring propeller thrust. This rake protrudes from the fuselage just behind the cowling ahead and in front of the wing.

  20. Republic P-47B Thunderbolt

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1942-01-01

    Republic P-47B Thunderbolt: The Republic P-47B Thunderbolt was one of the great fighters used by the U. S. Army Air Force in World War II, and crews praised its ability to absorb punishment. This P-47B was used by NACA engineers to study the horizontal tail loads experienced by a fighter during abrupt maneuvers.

  1. Republic of Maldives

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2016-11-09

    The Republic of Maldives is a country located in the Indian Ocean, southwest of India. It comprises twenty-six atolls, and 1192 coral islands, with an average ground elevation of 1.5 m. Tourism and fishing account for more than half of the country's GDP. Kulhudhuffushi, seen in the upper right corner, is the capital of Haa Dhaalu Atoll administrative division in the north of the Maldives. The image was acquired April 3, 2013, covers an area of 30.3 by 45.2 km, and is located at 6.5 degrees north, 73 degrees east. http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA21166

  2. Curriculum Policy Structures in Federal Systems of Government: The Cases of Australia and Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Kerry J.; Hopmann, Stefan

    Current efforts of curriculum reform within the federal systems of Australia and the Federal Republic of Germany are examined in this paper. The hypothesis is that the federal systems of government, in which the allocation of powers is granted to subnational governments, create independent authorities and prevent the development of national…

  3. Federal Agencies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kyle, George M.

    1976-01-01

    The status of two of life's necessities, air and water, is of crucial importance to the future of American parks and recreation programs, and continued cooperation among federal, state, local and private sectors is necessary to preserve them. (JD)

  4. Comparative federal health care policy: evidence of collaborative federalism in Pakistan and Venezuela.

    PubMed

    Baracskay, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    Collaborative federalism has provided an effective analytical foundation for understanding how complex public policies are implemented in federal systems through intergovernmental and intersectoral alignments. This has particularly been the case in issue areas like public health policy where diseases are detected and treated at the local level. While past studies on collaborative federalism and health care policy have focused on federal systems that are largely democratic, little research has been conducted to examine the extent of collaboration in authoritarian structures. This article applies the collaborative federalism approach to the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. Evidence suggests that while both nations have exhibited authoritarian governing structures, there have been discernible policy areas where collaborative federalism is embraced to facilitate the implementation process. Further, while not an innate aspect of their federal structures, Pakistan and Venezuela can potentially expand their use of the collaborative approach to successfully implement health care policy and the epidemiological surveillance and intervention functions. Yet, as argued, this would necessitate further development of their structures on a sustained basis to create an environment conducive for collaborative federalism to flourish, and possibly expand to other policy areas as well.

  5. Private Cultural Promotion in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fohrbeck, Karla; Wiesand, Andreas Johannes

    Private cultural promotion has become a major topic of interest in cultural policy in recent years. Ranging from personal patronage, to salons, to lifestyle promotion, this document is concerned with presenting the great variety of possible fields of activity in private cultural promotion. Divided into eight chapters the topics covered include:…

  6. Arms control and the Federal Republic of Germany

    SciTech Connect

    Hanrieder, W.F.

    1987-01-01

    These essays explore the implications of arms control negotiations for the FRG and consider why Germany has traditionally found it impossible to divorce considerations of arms control from their larger political context.

  7. Education and Youth Employment in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    von Dohnanyi, Klaus

    The education/employment situation of young people in West Germany is examined as part of a project to broaden perspectives on social, educational, and employment issues in contemporary industrialized societies. To place problems of West German youth in a broader context, it is necessary to consider socioeconomic developments in West Germany since…

  8. The Federal Republic of Germany and Left Wing Terrorism

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-12-01

    it was easy to romanticize Marx, always so much better in fantasy that in practice. Posters of Mao, along with Fidel, began appearing on the walls...Finally, in 2002 a comedy was released in theatres that depicted several middle-aged terrorists as individuals who now are trying to find a bomb that

  9. Art Today in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Inter Nationes, Bonn (West Germany).

    An introduction to the ideas, styles, and methods of a number of contemporary German artists in a variety of media is presented. The essays, each containing reproductions of art works representative of the subject matter, and each written by specialists in the subjects, includes the following: "Painting--Positions and Contradictions"…

  10. Private Cultural Promotion in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fohrbeck, Karla; Wiesand, Andreas Johannes

    Private cultural promotion has become a major topic of interest in cultural policy in recent years. Ranging from personal patronage, to salons, to lifestyle promotion, this document is concerned with presenting the great variety of possible fields of activity in private cultural promotion. Divided into eight chapters the topics covered include:…

  11. Research Policy in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-12-16

    combining data pro- cessing and improved cohmunications techniques , is thought to provide an opportunity for greater population decentral- ization and...materials, substitutes for x-rays, and new techniques for diagnoses, therapy, and rehabilitation. Data processing will play an important part in the...have been given a greater share in promotional grants particularly in optics, measurement techniques , produc- tion engineering, application of electronic

  12. Young People in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forsbach, Marlene

    1977-01-01

    The sociological study examines behavior and consciousness of West German youth with emphasis on their political views, voting behavior, leisure activities, and spending patterns. The paper is presented in 14 sections. Section I traces political development of youth from the post World War II skepticism to current political activism. In section…

  13. [The use of cannabis in the Federal Republic of Germany].

    PubMed

    Tossmann, Peter

    2006-01-01

    Since more than 30 years cannabis is the most common illicit drug in Germany and other European countries. According to different Studies conducted in representative community samples, it can be assumed, that every fifth woman and about every third man, aged 18 to 59 years had used cannabis at least once. Epidemiologic studies also show that cannabis use is strongly associated with adolescence and young adulthood, though. Thus, cannabis consumption significantly increases from age 15, while beginning with the age 23 the proportion of cannabis consumers continuously decreases. Following the results of current studies the majority of consumers uses cannabis rather occasional. Nevertheless about 10-15% of the current consumers show patterns of cannabis dependence according to international diagnostic criteria. Although counselling centres note an increasing demand for addiction specific treatment, cannabis users still remain a small group in treatment centre statistics.

  14. The Changing Family in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hohn, Charlotte; Luscher, Kurt

    1988-01-01

    Discusses recent developments in the family in West Germany. Examines family demographics; provides an overview of the main institutional forces, laws, and family policy; and refers to the organizational aspects of demography. Describes trend in Germany of shrinking household size and increasing share of one-person households. Describes statistics…

  15. Calendars in the Moldavian Soviet Republic and Republic of Moldova

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaina, Alex; Dragan, Dorin

    2007-10-01

    A critical overview of the National Calendars (former Calendars), published in the Moldavian S.S.R. - Republic of Moldova is given, in which one accent on biographies of scientists and not on science itself.

  16. 76 FR 4287 - New Pneumatic Off-the-Road Tires From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration New Pneumatic Off-the-Road Tires From the People's Republic of China... pneumatic off-the-road tires from the People's Republic of China. See New Pneumatic Off-the-Road Tires From...

  17. Lake Enriquillo, Dominican Republic

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2017-08-15

    Lake Enriquillo is a hypersaline lake in the Dominican Republic. In 2004, the lake covered an area of 164 square kilometers; by 2011, it had doubled in size and grown to 350 km2, inundating farmland and homes. Various reasons for the flooding include increases in rainfall; increase of sediments going into the lake, raising the lakebed; and milder temperatures, reducing surface evaporation. The lake is home to the largest population of American crocodiles in the Caribbean. The images were acquired October 26, 2003 and June 10, 2017, cover an area of 22.7 by 45.4 km, and are located at 18.5 degrees north, 71.6 degrees west. An image of Lake Enriquillo taken in 2003 is available at https://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA21815

  18. [Cancer mortality in the Altai Republic].

    PubMed

    Odintsova, I N; Pisareva, L F; Khryapenkov, A V; Choinzonov, E L

    2015-01-01

    Cancer mortality rate in the Altai Republic is the lowest among the territories of the Siberian Federal District. Cancer mortality rate in females is 1.9 times lower than that in males. From 2003 to 2012 cancer mortality rate ranged within the confidence interval. Men most often die from tumors localized in the respiratory and digestive systems and women--from tumors of the reproductive and digestive systems. Age-standardized incidence rates are significantly higher in urban males and females than in rural population (p < 0.05). Mortality from lung, liver and kidney cancers is higher for urban than for rural males. For urban females, mortality from breast, stomach and rectum cancers is higher than for rural females. Rural women die of esophageal cancer more often than urban women. Risk to die of cancer in 2012 was 23.6% (33.9% for males and 18.9% for females) being higher in urban than in rural population.

  19. The 'Aachen Falls Prevention Scale' - development of a tool for self-assessment of elderly patients at risk for ground level falls.

    PubMed

    Pape, Hans-Christoph; Schemmann, Ulrike; Foerster, Juergen; Knobe, Matthias

    2015-01-01

    The incidence of falls in the elderly population is difficult to determine and therefore potentially underestimated. Screening algorithms usually have in common that the evaluation is undertaken by trained individuals in a hospital setting. This leads to the inclusion of a high proportion of low-risk people and a waste of resources. It would be advantageous to pretest the individuals at risk in their own environment using a simple self-assessment approach. The consensus process of our group of clinicians and physical therapists included: 1. a preparative literature review about risk profiles and assessment tools for ground level falls; 2. a selection of appropriate questions that cover all health aspects involved in an increased risk for falling; and 3. a selection of a simple physical test that can be used at home without the need of a health care professional. We thus searched to develop a scale that can be used by older citizen at higher risk of falling. The current manuscript summarizes the results of this review, consensus and selection process. The literature search was undertaken between March and August 1, 2013. The selection process for the questions used (Part I) lasted between March 2013 and January 2014. Among all tests evaluated the 20 second standing test (Part II) was deemed to be safe to be performed even by an individual at risk for a fall, as it closely resembles activities of daily living. The `Aachen Falls Prevention Scale` finally uses a self-assessment tool grading falls risk on a scale of 1 to 10 by the individual itself after completion of Part I and Part II. In summary, we present a scale that might offer a self-assessment option to improve the measures of falls prevention pass for elderly citizens. The introduction of the `Aachen Falls Prevention Scale` which combines a simple questionnaire with a safe and quick balance tool, meets the criteria to identify whether or not a balance problem exists - the first step in evaluation of falls

  20. Federal legislation

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-12-01

    The following federal legislative report, with information on the status of geothermal legislation from the 100th Congress, current as of November 21, 1988, was compiled by Senate LEGIS. H.R. 235, Geothermal Energy Control Act of 1987, would create the National Geothermal Energy Commission to grant exclusive franchises for the exploration for and the commercial development of geothermal energy and for the right to market any such energy in its natural state, and for other purposes. H.R. 1662, Federal Lands Receipts Clarification Act, amends the Mineral Lands Leasing Act, the Mineral Leasing Act for Acquired Lands, and other federal law to specify that the states share of certain revenue from National Forest System timber sales, from oil and gas royalties, and from mineral and geothermal leases be determined on the basis of gross receipts. H.R. 1421, Federal Lands Receipts Clarification Act, would provide for a clarification of the receipt-sharing of amounts received from the National Forest System, geothermal leasing, mineral lands leasing, and oil- and gas-royalties. S. 1889, Geothermal Steam Act Amendments, was signed into law on 9/22/88. Several amendments are described which were proposed before S.1889 became law.

  1. 75 FR 51980 - Hand Trucks and Certain Parts Thereof from the People's Republic of China; Extension of Time...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Hand Trucks and Certain Parts Thereof from the People's Republic of China... Federal Register the initiation of administrative review of the antidumping duty order on hand trucks and...

  2. [Medico-statistical characteristics of the cholelithiasis in the Udmurt Republic].

    PubMed

    Vakhrushev, Ia M; Kudrina, E A; Gorbunov, A Iu; Khokhlachev, N A; Suchkova, E V

    2011-01-01

    THE AIM OF OUR INVESTIGATION: siuay me level or moroiaity or cnolelimiasis and its dynamic in adult and children population of Udmurt Republic. We used the materials of state statistic registration documentation. We took into account the average population of Udmurt Republic, data of cholrlithiasis morbidity and the quantity of registrated cases of disease. To reveal tendency of cholelithiasis morbidity we spent the regressive analysis with using of trend models. We found that during analyzing period (2005-2009) common morbidity of cholelithiasis in Udmurt Republic exceeds the same data in Russian Federation. Morbidity of adult urban population is significantly higher than in rural population. The cholelithiasis morbidity increases at the age of 41-60 years. In children population we marked significant raising of primary cholelithiasis morbidity. CONCLUSION. It was revealed that cholelithiasis morbidity in Udmurt Republic remains high. Due to this information we have possibility to determine medical and prophylactic measures.

  3. Tepidimonas thermarum sp. nov., a new slightly thermophilic betaproteobacterium isolated from the Elisenquelle in Aachen and emended description of the genus Tepidimonas.

    PubMed

    Albuquerque, Luciana; Tiago, Igor; Veríssimo, António; da Costa, Milton S

    2006-09-01

    Several non-pigmented bacterial isolates, with an optimum growth temperature of about 50-55 degrees C, were recovered from the Elisenquelle at Aachen, Germany. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence of strains AA-1(T) and AA-2 indicated that these organisms represent a new species of the genus Tepidimonas. The major fatty acids of strains AA-1(T) and AA-2 are 16:0 and 16:1 omega7c. Ubiquinone 8 is the major respiratory quinone, the major polar lipids are phosphotidylethanolamine and phosphotidylglycerol. The new isolates are aerobic; thiosulfate is oxidized to sulfate in the presence of a metabolizable carbon source. The organism assimilated organic acids and amino acids, but did not assimilate carbohydrates or polyols. On the basis of the phylogenetic analyses, physiological and biochemical characteristics, we propose that strains AA-1(T) (=LMG 23094(T); =CIP 108777(T)) and AA-2 (=LMG 23095; =CIP 108778) represents a new species for which we recommend the name Tepidimonas thermarum.

  4. DNA damage and apoptosis in mononuclear cells from glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase-deficient patients (G6PD Aachen variant) after UV irradiation.

    PubMed

    Efferth, T; Fabry, U; Osieka, R

    2001-03-01

    Patients affected with X chromosome-linked, hereditary glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency suffer from life-threatening hemolytic crises after intake of certain drugs or foods. G6PD deficiency is associated with low levels of reduced glutathione. We analyzed mononuclear white blood cells (MNC) of three males suffering from the German G6PD Aachen variant, four heterozygote females of this family, one G6PD-deficient male from another family coming from Iran, and six healthy male volunteers with respect to their DNA damage in two different genes (G6PD and T-cell receptor-delta) and their propensity to enter apoptosis after UV illumination (0.08-5.28 J/cm2). As determined by PCR stop assays, there was more UV-induced DNA damage in MNC of G6PD-deficient male patients than in those of healthy subjects. MNC of G6PD-deficient patients showed a higher rate of apoptosis after UV irradiation than MNC of healthy donors. MNC of heterozygote females showed intermediate rates of DNA damage and apoptosis. It is concluded that increased DNA damage may be a result of deficient detoxification of reactive oxygen species by glutathione and may ultimately account for the higher rate of apoptosis in G6PD-deficient MNC.

  5. [Anaesthesiology as a compulsory subject in the new German medical school curriculum. Evaluation of a curricular model at the University Hospital Aachen].

    PubMed

    Beckers, S K; Sopka, S; Fries, M; Skorning, M H; Kuhlen, R; Rossaint, R

    2007-06-01

    Since October 2003 new regulations for qualifications to practice medicine in Germany now require compulsory courses in anaesthesiology. Therefore, existing curricular activities had to be changed from facultative courses for a small number of interested students to compulsory activities for all students. Previous data of the department of anaesthesiology at the University Hospital Aachen (Germany) were collected and taken into consideration for the development of a new curriculum: The result was a course consisting of a tutorial with integrated "basic skill training", practical training in the operating theatre and a simulation-based session, in addition to two series of lectures. An evaluation by the students was carried out using EvaLuna as a tool for web-based on-line evaluation and faculty members had to fill out a standardized questionnaire. The different parts of the curriculum received the highest scores of all courses in the undergraduate medical school curriculum. Best results were achieved by the anaesthesia-simulation session followed by the tutorial and the practical training. The feedback of faculty members as well as the results of students' evaluation approved the developed concept of integrating anaesthesia-relevant issues into the formal medical school curriculum. Nevertheless, the on-line evaluation system EvaLuna provided additional suggestions for future improvements in the newly created curriculum.

  6. [Prevalence of goiter in the Aachen area. Ultrasound volumetry of the thyroid gland of 1,336 adults in an endemic goiter region].

    PubMed

    Riehl, J; Kierdorf, H; Schmitt, H; Suiter, T; Sieberth, H G

    1995-04-01

    The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of thyroid enlargement by ultrasonic volume measurements. 1336 adults living in the iodine-deficient area of Aachen, West Germany (760 females, 576 males, mean age: 54.05 +/- 16.09 years) were included in the investigation. The ultrasonic examination was carried out in patients who did not suffer from thyroid disease at the time of study. The thyroid volume was age-dependent and varied from 13.3 +/- 10.4 ml in patients < 21 years to 29.9 +/- 24.3 ml in patients > 70 years. The prevalence of thyroid enlargement ranged from 14.3% in young people to 51.3% in the elderly. There was no difference in the volumes of the left and right thyroid lobe. The prevalence of thyroid enlargement was higher in females compared to males (p < 0.05). Retrosternal thyroid mass was detected in 25% of all patients > 70 years. There is evidence of a high prevalence of thyroid enlargement in iodine-deficient areas.

  7. Retention and Attrition of Pacific School Teachers and Administrators (RAPSTA) Study: Kosrae State, Federated States of Micronesia. Research Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Research and Development Cadre, Honolulu, HI.

    Pacific Resources for Education and Learning (PREL) works with 10 American-affiliated Pacific entities: American Samoa, the Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia (Chuuk, Kosrae, Pohnpei, Yap), Guam, Hawaii, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and the Republic of Palau. The survey raises awareness of the…

  8. Retention and Attrition of Pacific School Teachers and Administrators (RAPSTA) Study: Pohnpei State, Federated States of Micronesia. Research Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Research and Development Cadre, Honolulu, HI.

    Pacific Resources for Education and Learning (PREL) works with 10 American-affiliated Pacific entities: American Samoa, the Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia (Chuuk, Kosrae, Pohnpei, Yap), Guam, Hawaii, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and the Republic of Palau. The main purpose of this survey was to…

  9. Retention and Attrition of Pacific School Teachers and Administrators (RAPSTA) Study: Yap State, Federated States of Micronesia. Research Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Research and Development Cadre, Honolulu, HI.

    Pacific Resources for Education and Learning (PREL) works closely with 10 American-affiliated Pacific entities: (1) American Samoa; (2) the Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands; (3) the Federated States of Micronesia (Chuuk, Kosrae, Pohnpei, Yap); (4) Guam; (5) Hawaii; (6) the Republic of the Marshall Islands; and (7) the Republic of Palau.…

  10. Federated Giovanni

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lynnes, C.

    2014-01-01

    Federated Giovanni is a NASA-funded ACCESS project to extend the scope of the GES DISC Giovanni online analysis tool to 4 other Distributed Active Archive Centers within EOSDIS: OBPG, LP-DAAC, MODAPS and PO.DAAC. As such, it represents a significant instance of sharing technology across the DAACs. We also touch on several sub-areas that are also sharable, such as Giovanni URLs, workflows and OGC-accessible services.

  11. Cost-effective energy efficiency in the Czech Republic

    SciTech Connect

    Shankle, S.A.; Secrest, T.J.; Zemen, Z.; Popelka, A.

    1994-08-01

    Energy efficiency is a particularly important issue in the emerging economies of Eastern Europe. Much of the energy used in the Czech Republic is supplied by lignite, a soft brown form of coal. Its combustion is largely responsible for an extreme acid rain problem and other forms of air pollution and land use complications. Additionally, inefficient energy use is prevalent, placing additional stresses on an already fragile economy. This paper reports on a project in the mid-sized (250,000 residents) and industrial city of Plzen, in the Czech Republic. The Facility Energy Decision Screening (FEDS) process, developed by PNL for the U.S. Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), was applied to the city to determine the level of cost-effective energy efficiency potential in the city. Significant potential was found to exist, primarily in large, cooperatively owned apartment buildings heated by district systems.

  12. Situation Reports--Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Kenya, Lebanese Republic, Malagasy Republic, Malaysia (West), People's Democratic Republic of Yemen.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

    Data relating to population and family planning in eight foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Kenya, Lebanese Republic, Malagasy Republic (Madagascar), Malaysia (West), and People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. Information is provided under two topics, general background and…

  13. 77 FR 20046 - Designation of Syrian Arab Republic for Temporary Protected Status

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services RIN 1615-ZB12 Designation of Syrian Arab Republic for Temporary Protected Status Correction In notice document 2012-7498 appearing on pages 19026 through 19030...

  14. 75 FR 36632 - Diamond Sawblades and Parts Thereof from the People's Republic of China: Initiation of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-28

    ... International Trade Administration A-570-900 Diamond Sawblades and Parts Thereof from the People's Republic of... antidumping duty order on diamond sawblades and parts thereof (``diamond sawblades'') from the People's... the antidumping duty order on diamond sawblades from the PRC was published in the Federal Register...

  15. 75 FR 57333 - Privacy Act of 1974; Republication of Systems of Records Notices

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] Part II Nuclear Regulatory... / Vol. 75 , No. 181 / Monday, September 20, 2010 / Notices#0;#0; ] NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION Privacy Act of 1974; Republication of Systems of Records Notices AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory Commission....

  16. 75 FR 73045 - Magnesium Metal From the People's Republic of China: Rescission of Antidumping Duty...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-29

    ... Orders: Pure Magnesium From the People's Republic of China, the Russian Federation and Ukraine; Notice of... Ukraine; Notice of Amended Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value: Antidumping Duty... mixtures in the 2000-2001 investigations of magnesium from China, Israel, and Russia. See Final...

  17. 77 FR 45336 - Multilayered Wood Flooring From the People's Republic of China: Initiation of Antidumping Duty...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-31

    ... International Trade Administration Multilayered Wood Flooring From the People's Republic of China: Initiation of... for a new shipper review (``NSR'') of the antidumping duty order on multilayered wood flooring from... multilayered wood flooring from the PRC was published in the Federal Register on December 8, 2011.\\1\\ On June...

  18. EPIDEMIOLOGICAL FEATURES OF CHRONIC VIRUS HEPATITIS B AND C IN THE REPUBLIC SAKHA (YAKUTIA).

    PubMed

    Gerasimova, V V; Maksimova, N R; Levakoval, A; Zhebrun, A B; Mukomolov, S L

    2015-01-01

    High disease burden of chronic virus hepatitis B and C of population in the Republic Sakha (Yakutia) is subject to referring it to endemic territories due to these infections. For a 15-year-old period the disease has been registered at higher rates in the Russian Federation.

  19. 76 FR 17837 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Initiation of Antidumping...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-31

    ... International Trade Administration Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam... Vietnam (``Vietnam''), received on February 28, 2011, meets the statutory and regulatory requirements for... the antidumping duty order on fish fillets from Vietnam was published in the Federal Register...

  20. Central African Republic.

    PubMed

    1989-11-01

    The Central African Republic contains 242,000 square miles, which rolling terrain almost 2000 feet above sea level. The climate is tropical, and it has a population of 2.8 million people with a 2.5% growth rate. There are more than 80 ethnic groups including Baya 34%, Banda 28%, Sara 10%, Mandja 9%, Mboum 9%, and M'Baka 7%. The religions are traditional African 35%, protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, and Muslim 15%, and the languages are French and Sangho. The infant mortality rate is 143/1000, with expectancy at 49 years and a 40% literacy rate. The work force of 1 million is 70% agricultural, industry 6% and commerce and service 6% and government 3%. The government consists of a president assisted by cabinet ministers and a single party. Natural resources include diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, and oil, and major industries are beverages, textiles, and soap. Agricultural products feature coffee, cotton, peanuts, tobacco, food crops and livestock. Most of the population live in rural areas and most of the 80 ethnic groups have their own language. This is one of the world's least developed countries, with a per capita income of $375/year. The main problems with development are the poor transportation infrastructure, and the weak internal and international marketing systems. The US and various international organizations have aided in agriculture development, health programs, and family planning. US investment is mainly in diamond and gold mining, and although oil drilling has been successful it is not economically feasible at current prices.

  1. 76 FR 35405 - Solid Urea From the Russian Federation: Preliminary Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-17

    ... International Trade Administration Solid Urea From the Russian Federation: Preliminary Results of Antidumping... review of the antidumping duty order on solid urea from the Russian Federation (Russia). The review... solid urea from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Soviet Union). See Antidumping Duty Order; Urea...

  2. [Approaches to setting up the Center for identification of exhumed bodies in Chechen Republic].

    PubMed

    Klevno, V A; Ivanov, P L

    2007-01-01

    The authors participated in the activity of a group of European experts who visited Moscow, Rostov-on-Don and Grozny in September 2005 to clarify situation with identification of exhumed unknown dead bodies of the civil population. The European experts recommend to set up Center for Identification in Chechen Republic (in Grozny). The authors propose to make DNA identification tests in the Russian Federation Center for Forensic Medical Evaluation in Moscow which has much experience and staff skilled in identification of unknown exhumed bodies and can solve the problem of genetic identification of unidentified bodies of people missed in the Chechen Republic more effectively.

  3. [Intensive care medicine as a component of the compulsory medical curriculum. Evaluation of a pilot curriculum at the University Hospital Aachen].

    PubMed

    Beckers, S K; Rex, S; Kopp, R; Bickenbach, J; Sopka, S; Rossaint, R; Dembinski, R

    2009-03-01

    In order to provide early achievement of practical experience during medical education, the medical faculty of the university Aachen has developed a new medical school curriculum which was offered in 2003 for the first time. In this curriculum anaesthesiology became a compulsory subject with practical training both in the operation theatre and in emergency medicine. Accordingly, a practical course in the field of intensive care medicine has also been designed with respect to the planned schedule and personnel resources. This course was evaluated by both students and teaching staff in a written, anonymous form as a quality control. A dedicated course was developed for medical students of the 8th and 9th semesters. In this course comprised of 6 students and lasting 1 week, practical training is provided by intensive care physicians and accompanied by theoretical lessons focusing on the definition, diagnosis, therapy and prophylaxis of sepsis, essentials of mechanical ventilation and patient presentation at the bedside during daily rounds. On the last day of training students were required to present patients by themselves thereby recapitulating the acquired knowledge. In the summer semester 2007 this intensive care training course was offered for the first time. All participating 83 students and 23 physicians involved in teaching evaluated the course with marks from 1 to 6 according to the standard German school grading system using an online questionnaire. Students rated the course with 1.6+/-0.7 (mean +/- SD) for comprehensibility, with 1.6+/-0.7 for structural design, and with 1.7+/-0.7 for agreement between teachers. They graded their personal learning success with 1.7+/-0.7. With a cumulative mark of 1.7+/-0.6, the course was ranked as 1 of the top 3 courses of the medical faculty from the very beginning. The majority of the teaching staff (80%) appreciated the focus on few selected teaching subjects. However, comprehensibility, structural design, agreement

  4. Aging in the Czech Republic.

    PubMed

    Andel, Ross

    2014-12-01

    The goal was to provide an overview of main issues relevant to aging in the Czech Republic. The Czech Republic is a former Eastern Bloc nation of about 10.5 million. Older adults are overrepresented relative to those under age 15. Life expectancy currently hovers around 78 years (75 for men/81 for women), a number slightly higher than most of Eastern Europe but lower than most of Western Europe. Cardiovascular diseases account for about 50% of all mortality, which is one of the highest rates in Europe and therefore of particular concern. Lifestyle habits, especially high alcohol consumption, a high rate of smokers, and high-fat diet relative to most other European countries and the United States, combined with relatively low expenditures for health promotion, appear important in the context of high cardiovascular mortality. Long-term care is funded mostly by state and local governments. The country has tried to address issues associated with insufficient capacity and low quality in long-term care, a particularly prominent problem in the Czech Republic compared with other European countries. The recently established International Clinical Research Center brings new possibilities for collaborative research in the Czech Republic, including research specific to aging. Improving long-term care and establishing methodologically sound longitudinal data sets are among the most pressing issues, although sustaining the pension system strained by increasing life expectancy, low retirement age, and extensive government-sponsored benefits has also recently emerged as a critical issue. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  5. Gambling in the Czech Republic.

    PubMed

    Szczyrba, Zdeněk; Mravčík, Viktor; Fiedor, David; Černý, Jakub; Smolová, Irena

    2015-07-01

    To provide an overview of gambling and associated problems in the Czech Republic, including an overview of the historical context, legislation, prevalence, treatment and research base and agenda. A review of literature and relevant sources. The trajectory of gambling patterns in the territory of the Czech Republic in the 20th century reflected broad socio-political changes. Those included significant expansion between the wars, strict state control and bans on some gambling activities during the communist regime and finally dynamic development characterized by a boom in electronic gaming machines (EGMs) and increasing accessibility of gambling facilities after 1989, which aggravated gambling-related problems. Many municipalities have banned EGMs, which has created conflict in regulation at state and municipal levels. The draft gambling law prepared in 2014 aims to clarify the regulatory framework. Before 2012 there was only sporadic research interest in gambling, but in 2012 the first complex research on gaming and problem gambling in the Czech population took place. The estimated prevalence of problem gambling is currently 2% in the population aged 15-64 years. Preventive measures, counselling and treatment services for problem gamblers are limited. Weak and ineffective regulation of the gambling market in the Czech Republic during the past 20 years, despite the large growth in gambling, has led to inadequate prevention and response to problem gambling which has become a considerable public health, social and political issue. © 2015 Society for the Study of Addiction.

  6. Hantavirus Infection in the Republic of Georgia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-09-01

    SUBTITLE Hantavirus Infection In The Republic Of Georgia 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR (S) 5d. PROJECT... Hantavirus Infection in the Republic of Georgia Tinatin Kuchuloria, Danielle V. Clark, Matthew J. Hepburn, Tengiz Tsertsvadze, Guillermo...Pimentel, and Paata Imnadze We describe a laboratory-confirmed case of hantavirus infection in the Republic of Georgia. Limited information is available

  7. Understanding the Federal Courts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Administrative Office of the United States Courts, Washington, DC.

    This booklet discusses the workings of the federal courts and supports six law-related lesson plans. It is divided into the following sections: "The Constitution and the Federal Judiciary"; "The Federal Courts in American Government" ("The Federal Courts and Congress"; "The Federal Courts and the Executive…

  8. Recreational Industry in the North of European Russia: Case Assessment, Komi Republic

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yakovleva, M. P.; Kuchkina, E.; Iyevlev, N.; Lyaskovsky, S.

    2012-12-01

    At the past AGU Annual Meeting in 2011, we presented information about development of the recreation industry in European Russia within the "Silver Ring" Project (http://neespi.org/web-content/meetings/AGU_2011/Yakovleva-poster.pdf). This Project can be considered as a system of actions directed to a comprehensive socio-economic development of the Northwest of the Russian Federation that includes 11 provinces ("oblast", "republic", "okrug") of the country. Among the provinces included in the Project, The Komi Republic is one of the most interesting regions. The Komi Republic is located in the North of European Russia within the gridbox restricted by 59N - 69N latitudes and 45E - 66E longitudes. The region is populated by indigenous northern nations: Komi, Russians, Karels, Ved', Permyaks, and others. It is characterized as an ecologically clean territory, has a small population density, is rich with natural reserves, and has abundant forest and water resources. Flora and fauna of the Republic are unique and attractive. Rich biodiversity and abundance of fish and game allow hunting and sport fishing. As of January 1, 2010, The Komi Republic has 240 territories of special environmental protection ("zakazniki") with restricted human activity. This allows a diversity of field trips devoted to in-depth studies of regional ecosystems as well as tourist visits aiming to enjoy unique nature and ethnic-cultures of the North.

  9. 77 FR 4996 - Certain New Pneumatic Off-the-Road Tires From the People's Republic of China: Rescission of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-01

    ... companies that exported the largest volume of subject merchandise during the POR, GTC and Xuzhou Xugong... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Certain New Pneumatic Off-the-Road Tires From the People's Republic of...

  10. 75 FR 74684 - 1-Hydroxyethylidene-1, 1-Diphosphonic Acid From the People's Republic of China: Extension of the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration 1-Hydroxyethylidene-1, 1-Diphosphonic Acid From the People's Republic of China: Extension of the Time Limit for the Preliminary Results of the Antidumping Duty Administrative Review AGENCY: Import...

  11. 77 FR 14342 - Utility Scale Wind Towers From the People's Republic of China: Notice of Postponement of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Utility Scale Wind Towers From the People's Republic of China: Notice of Postponement of Preliminary Determination in the Countervailing Duty Investigation AGENCY: Import Administration, International Trade...

  12. 75 FR 25841 - Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products From the Republic of Korea: Extension of Time...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products From the Republic of Korea...'') published a notice of initiation of the administrative review of the antidumping duty order on...

  13. 76 FR 17381 - Certain Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products From the Republic of Korea: Notice of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Certain Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products From the Republic of Korea: Notice of Final Results of the Sixteenth Administrative Review Correction In notice document...

  14. 76 FR 21332 - Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products From the Republic of Korea: Extension of Time...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products From the Republic of Korea...'') published a notice of initiation of the administrative review of the antidumping duty order on...

  15. 77 FR 25405 - Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products From the Republic of Korea: Extension of Time...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products From the Republic of Korea...'') published a notice of initiation of the administrative review of the antidumping duty order on...

  16. 76 FR 2648 - Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts From People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts From People's Republic of China... initiation of administrative review of the countervailing duty order on citric acid and certain citrate salts...

  17. 76 FR 1403 - Pure Magnesium From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for the Preliminary...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Pure Magnesium From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit... request an administrative review of the antidumping duty order on pure magnesium from the...

  18. 76 FR 4288 - Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts From the People's Republic of China: Notice of Extension of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts From the People's Republic of China... review of the antidumping duty order on citric acid and certain citrate salts (``citric acid'') from...

  19. 75 FR 71078 - Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts From People's Republic of China: Partial Rescission of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts From People's Republic of China...: Countervailing Duty Administrative Review--Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts (August 17, 2010)....

  20. 76 FR 56158 - Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for the Final Results of the Countervailing Duty Administrative Review...

  1. 78 FR 59059 - Grain-Oriented Electrical Steel From China, Czech Republic, Germany, Japan, Korea, Poland, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION Grain-Oriented Electrical Steel From China, Czech Republic, Germany, Japan, Korea, Poland, and... United States, that are alleged to be subsidized by the Government of China and imports from China, Czech...

  2. 76 FR 55011 - Hand Trucks and Certain Parts Thereof From the People's Republic of China; Extension of Time...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-06

    ... International Trade Administration Hand Trucks and Certain Parts Thereof From the People's Republic of China... in the Federal Register the initiation of administrative review of the antidumping duty order on hand... hand trucks manufactured from any material, whether assembled or unassembled, complete or...

  3. 76 FR 9752 - Certain Steel Nails From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Certain Steel Nails From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for the Preliminary Results of the New Shipper Review AGENCY: Import Administration, International Trade Administration, Department...

  4. 76 FR 70709 - Pure Magnesium From the People's Republic of China: Second Extension of Time for the Final...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Pure Magnesium From the People's Republic of China: Second Extension of Time for the Final Results of the Antidumping Duty Administrative Review AGENCY: Import Administration, International Trade...

  5. 77 FR 4990 - Chlorinated Isocyanurates From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for Final...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Chlorinated Isocyanurates From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for Final Results of Antidumping Duty New Shipper Review AGENCY: Import Administration, International Trade...

  6. 75 FR 20815 - Certain Cased Pencils From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for the Final...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Certain Cased Pencils From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for the Final Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review AGENCY: Import Administration, International Trade...

  7. 76 FR 45230 - Fresh Garlic From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for the Final Results...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Fresh Garlic From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for the Final Results of New Shipper Reviews AGENCY: Import Administration, International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce....

  8. 76 FR 12024 - Folding Metal Tables and Chairs From the People's Republic of China: Notice of Extension of Time...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Folding Metal Tables and Chairs From the People's Republic of China: Notice of Extension of Time Limit for the Preliminary Results of the 2009-2010 Antidumping Duty Administrative and New Shipper Reviews AGENCY:...

  9. 76 FR 52935 - Frontseating Service Valves From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time for the Final...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Frontseating Service Valves From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time for the Final Results of the Antidumping Duty Administrative Review AGENCY: Import Administration, International Trade...

  10. 77 FR 4992 - Chlorinated Isocyanurates From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Chlorinated Isocyanurates From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for the Preliminary Results of the Antidumping Duty Administrative Review AGENCY: Import Administration, International...

  11. 77 FR 27428 - Certain Magnesia Carbon Bricks From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Certain Magnesia Carbon Bricks From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for the Preliminary Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review AGENCY: Import Administration, International...

  12. 75 FR 63440 - Pure Magnesium From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time for the Final Results of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Pure Magnesium From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time for the Final Results of the Antidumping Duty Administrative Review AGENCY: Import Administration, International Trade Administration, Department...

  13. 75 FR 52582 - Notice of Receipt of Cultural Property Request From the Government of the Hellenic Republic

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Notice of Receipt of Cultural Property Request From the Government of the Hellenic Republic Greece... ethnological material from Greece dating to the Neolithic Era through the mid-eighteenth century. The...

  14. 76 FR 52636 - Circular Welded Non-Alloy Steel Pipe From the Republic of Korea: Partial Rescission of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Circular Welded Non-Alloy Steel Pipe From the Republic of Korea: Partial... the antidumping duty order on certain circular welded non-alloy steel pipe (``circular welded...

  15. 76 FR 40689 - Certain Circular Welded Non-Alloy Steel Pipe From the Republic of Korea: Extension of Time Limit...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Certain Circular Welded Non-Alloy Steel Pipe From the Republic of Korea... administrative review of the antidumping duty order on certain circular welded non- alloy steel pipe...

  16. 75 FR 9869 - Silicon Metal From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for the Preliminary...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Silicon Metal From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit... initiation of an administrative review of the antidumping duty order on silicon metal from the People's...

  17. 75 FR 9579 - Polyethylene Terephthalate Film, Sheet, and Strip from the Republic of Korea: Extension of Time...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Polyethylene Terephthalate Film, Sheet, and Strip from the Republic of Korea... additional time to gather and analyze information relating to Kolon's cost of production, home market sales...

  18. 76 FR 4288 - Polyethylene Terephthalate Film, Sheet, and Strip From the Republic of Korea: Extension of Time...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Polyethylene Terephthalate Film, Sheet, and Strip From the Republic of Korea... because we require additional time to collect and analyze information regarding costs of production and...

  19. 76 FR 47238 - Ninth Administrative Review of Honey From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-04

    ... International Trade Administration Ninth Administrative Review of Honey From the People's Republic of China... in the Federal Register a notice of initiation of an administrative review of honey from the People's... Department selected Dongtai Peak Honey Industry Co., Ltd. (``Dongtai Peak'') as the respondent. The...

  20. 76 FR 48142 - 1-Hydroxyethylidene-1, 1-Diphosphonic Acid From the People's Republic of China: Final Results of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-08

    ...On April 7, 2011, the Department of Commerce (the ``Department'') published in the Federal Register its preliminary results of the administrative review of the antidumping duty order on 1-hydroxyethylidene-1, 1-diphosphonic acid (``HEDP'') from the People's Republic of China (``PRC''), covering the period April 23, 2009 through March 31, 2010.\\1\\ The Department gave interested parties an......

  1. 76 FR 72501 - Actions Taken Pursuant to Executive Order 13382 Related to the Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-23

    ... [Federal Register Volume 76, Number 226 (Wednesday, November 23, 2011)] [Notices] [Pages 72501-72502] [FR Doc No: 2011-30108] DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Office of Foreign Assets Control Actions Taken Pursuant to Executive Order 13382 Related to the Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines (IRISL)...

  2. Expert Meeting and Membership Meetings, Standing Committee Meeting. Section of Libraries for the Blind. International Federation of Library Associations. Summary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cylke, Frank Kurt

    Two meetings of the International Federation of Library Associations Section of Libraries for the Blind (BLISTA) are summarized. The first was an expert meeting which was held in Marburg/Lahn, Federal Republic of Germany, in August 1983. Participants included 51 librarians and technical experts serving blind and physically disabled individuals in…

  3. Assessment in the Republic of Ireland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Looney, Anne

    2006-01-01

    The island of Ireland is the most westerly point of the European Union, and is divided into the 26 counties of the Republic of Ireland and the 6 counties of Northern Ireland, the latter under the governance of the United Kingdom. This article presents a brief history and a brief description of the economic profile of the Republic of Ireland. This…

  4. Star of the Republic Lesson Plans.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2002

    The Star of the Republic Museum (Washington, Texas), the Historical Museum of the Texas Republic, has created lesson plans to enhance student understanding of Texas state history. Regardless of the opportunity to visit the museum, the lessons can enrich the classroom experience by making objects from the museum accessible to students. The…

  5. Boletes from Belize and the Dominican Republic

    Treesearch

    Beatriz Ortiz-Santana; D. Jean Lodge; Timothy J. Baroni; Ernst E. Both

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents results of surveys of stipitate-pileate Boletales in Belize and the Dominican Republic. A key to the Boletales from Belize and the Dominican Republic is provided, followed by descriptions, drawings of the micro-structures and photographs of each identified species. Approximately 456 collections from Belize and...

  6. [Tele-cooperation for innovative care using the example of the University Hospital Aachen. Telematics in intensive care medicine, emergency medicine, and telemedical intersectoral rehabilitation planning in geriatric trauma].

    PubMed

    Marx, Gernot; Beckers, Rainer; Brokmann, Jörg Christian; Deisz, Robert; Pape, Hans-Christoph

    2015-10-01

    The demographic challenge of the ageing society is associated with increasing comorbidity. On the other hand, there will be an ageing workforce in medicine, resulting in an imbalance between the demand and supply of medical care in the near future. In rural areas in particular, this imbalance is already present today. Based on three best practice projects carried out by our telemedical center in Aachen, including emergency medicine, intensive care medicine, and the rehabilitation planning of geriatric trauma care, some experience and the potential of the intersectoral provision of care, supported by telemedicine, are demonstrated. Telemedicine is the provision of medical services over a geographical distance by using tele-communication and data transfer. It has been proven to ensure a constant quality of health care. Telemedical support enables shared expertise independent of time and space, and allows efficient allocation of resources. A review of international experience supports this notion.

  7. Federal Student Loan Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Student Aid, US Department of Education, 2014

    2014-01-01

    For those needing a loan to attend college, think federal aid first. Federal student loans usually offer borrowers lower interest rates and have more flexible repayment terms and options than private student loans. This brief report answers the following questions about federal aid: (1) What is a federal student loan?; (2) What is a private…

  8. 78 FR 65268 - Certain Oil Country Tubular Goods From India, the Republic of Korea, the Republic of the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-31

    ... Republic of the Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan, Thailand, the Republic of Turkey, Ukraine, and the... Nair at (202) 482- 3813 (Thailand); Catherine Cartsos at (202) 482-1757 (Turkey); David Lindgren at... Republic of the Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan, Thailand, the Republic of Turkey, Ukraine, and the...

  9. Serious fungal diseases in the Republic of Uzbekistan.

    PubMed

    Tilavberdiev, S A; Denning, D W; Klimko, N N

    2017-03-14

    We have undertaken the first and preliminary estimation of severe and chronic mycotic diseases in the Republic of Uzbekistan, using a model proposed by LIFE (Leading International Fungal Education). Calculation was carried out based on data from 2014. Published results describing mycoses in Uzbekistan were identified. In the absence of published or official data, information about the frequency of mycoses from scientific literature elsewhere in groups at risk of development of fungal infections were taken into account. We also utilized methodology used in analogous estimations of mycoses in the Russian Federation. We estimate that of the 30.8 million population, 536,978 people (1.8% of the population) were affected by severe and chronic mycotic diseases. In 2014, there were 12,351 cases of acute invasive fungal diseases and 524,627 cases of chronic fungal diseases, including 1,941 cases of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis. The most frequent problems were recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (513,600 cases), trichophytosis of the scalp (6,414), and relapsed oral candidiasis (4,950). Results of the investigation indicate a significant prevalence of mycoses in the Republic of Uzbekistan.

  10. History of Neurosurgery in Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

    PubMed

    Park, Kee B; Roh, Young Han; Lee-Park, Owen; Park, Sophie

    2015-09-01

    Neurosurgery in Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) has undergone remarkable progress since its beginning in the 1950s. With the initial support from socialist countries of the Soviet bloc, especially Professor Constantin Arseni of Romania, the nation has consistently produced a number of its own neurosurgeons each year and fostered further advancement by establishing the Korean Neurosurgery Association (DPRK). Despite the recent international collaborative activity for North Korean neurosurgery-namely with Foundation for International Education in Neurological Surgery, World Federation of Neurological Surgeons, and Korean American Medical Association-the sparse exchange of information, knowledge, and surgical skills still remains largely inadequate. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Review of current and anticipated regulations on air protection in the Czech Republic

    SciTech Connect

    Jilek, P.; Novotny, V.

    1995-12-01

    Environmental issues, especially the solution of the air pollution problem, have taken on great significance in the Czech Republic (which was a part of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic until the end of 1992) since the 1989 {open_quotes}Velvet{close_quotes} Revolution. The former CSFR Federal Committee for the Environment and both the Republic Ministries started immediately with creating new environmental legislation, which is the main governmental tool for protecting the environment in the newly developing democracy state system with a market oriented economy. The inspiration for that activity was found in legislation of developed countries - member states of the European Union, and in German environmental law in particular. This paper surveys the major laws and regulations that gradually came into force in the Czech Republic since 1990. The provisions of the primary significance are the Act No.309/1991 S.B., dated July 9, 1991, on the protection of the air against pollutants - The Clean Air Act, the Act No.218/1992 S.B., dated April 27, 1992, which changes and supplements the Act No.309 - The Clean Air Act, the Measure of the Federal Committee for the Environment of October 1, 1991 to the Clean Air Act, and its amended wordings of June 23, 1992, 84/1991 S.B., and 84/1992 S.B., the Act No.389/1991 S.B., dated September 10, 1991 on the state administration of air protection and charges for the pollution of air, and several regulations based on the Act No.389/1991 S.B., issued in the period 1992 -1993.

  12. Medical Education in Peoples's Republic of China.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, John A. D.; Yingang, Lin

    1987-01-01

    The three types of physicians trained in the People's Republic of China (practitioners in Chinese medicine, traditional Mongolian medicine, and western-style medicine) and the design of the medical schools and programs are discussed. (MSE)

  13. 76 FR 5787 - Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-02

    ... Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant Programs... Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study (FWS), and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant (FSEOG... Federal Perkins Loan Program, Federal Work-Study Program, and Federal Supplemental Educational...

  14. TAP Service Federation Factory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hume, A. C.; Krause, A.; Holliman, M.; Mann, R. G.; Noddle, K.; Voutsinas, S.

    2012-09-01

    This paper describes a prototype federation service for multiple TAP endpoints. Users can create a new TAP resource that allows them to query the federation as if all tables were in a single database.

  15. Roster of Federal Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benton, Mildred, Comp.; Ottersen, Signe, Comp.

    This Roster of Federal Libraries represents an attempt by the Federal Library Committee to identify each of the more than 1,900 individual libraries serving the many departments, committees, agencies, courts, and other formal organizational entities in the Federal Government. They include six types: Presidential, national, general, academic,…

  16. Situation Report--Barbados, Finland, German Democratic Republic, Italy, Lesotho, Luxembourg, Malagasy Republic (Madagascar), Malaysia (West), Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Singapore, Sweden, Syrian Arab Republic, and Yugoslavia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

    Data relating to population and family planning in 15 foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Barbados, Finland, German Democratic Republic, Italy, Lesotho, Luxembourg, Malagasy Republic, Malaysia (West), Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Singapore, Sweden, Syrian Arab Republic, and Yogoslavia. Information…

  17. Public health assessment--Russian Federation, 1992.

    PubMed

    1992-02-14

    On December 25, 1991, the Russian Federation became an independent republic, and on January 2, 1992, restrictions on retail prices of most commodities were removed. From January 16 through February 6, a multidisciplinary team from the U.S. Food and Humanitarian Assistance Bureau (FHA) conducted an assessment of the needs for humanitarian and technical assistance, focusing on three regions in the southern Ural Mountains-Yekaterinburg, Perm, and Cheliabinsk-and three regions in south-central Siberia-Kusbas, Tomsk, and Novosibirsk. The FHA assessment included observations of health facilities, vaccine- and drug-storage centers, and disease-control programs; review of health data at central, regional, and district epidemiology stations; and collection of food-price and income data through interviews with administrative authorities and surveys of markets and private homes. This report summarizes findings from the assessment.

  18. Republic of Ireland: abortion controversy.

    PubMed

    1998-01-01

    The problems associated with illegal abortion dominate public discussion in Ireland. While abortion is illegal in Ireland, the Supreme Court directed in 1992 that Irish women can go to Britain for abortions when their lives are thought to be at risk. Abortion was a constant feature during the Irish Presidential election campaign in October, while a dispute about the future of a 13-year-old girl's pregnancy dominated the headlines in November. The presidential election on October 30 resulted in a victory for one of the two openly anti-choice candidates, Mary McAleese, a lawyer from Northern Ireland. With a voter turnout of 47.6%, McAleese polled 45.2% of the votes cast. Although the president may refuse to sign bills which have been passed by parliament, McAleese has said that she will sign whatever bill is placed before her, even if it liberalizes abortion law in the republic. As for the case of the 13-year-old pregnant girl, she was taken into the care of Irish health authority officials once the case was reported to the police. However, the health board, as a state agency, is prevented by Irish law from helping anyone travel abroad for abortion. The girl was eventually given leave in a judgement by a High Court Judicial Review on November 28 to travel to England for an abortion.

  19. Czech Republic: health system review.

    PubMed

    Alexa, Jan; Recka, Lukas; Votapkova, Jana; van Ginneken, Ewout; Spranger, Anne; Wittenbecher, Friedrich

    2015-01-01

    This analysis of the Czech health system reviews recent developments in organization and governance, health financing, health-care provision, health reforms and health system performance. The Czech health-care system is based on compulsory statutory health insurance providing virtually universal coverage and a broad range of benefits, and doing so at 7.7 % of GDP in 2012 - well below the EU average - of which a comparatively high 85 % was publicly funded. Some important health indicators are better than the EU averages (such as mortality due to respiratory disease) or even among the best in the world (in terms of infant mortality, for example). On the other hand, mortality rates for diseases of the circulatory system and malignant neoplasms are well above the EU average, as are a range of health-care utilization rates, such as outpatient contacts and average length of stay in acute care hospitals. In short, there is substantial potential in the Czech Republic for efficiency gains and to improve health outcomes. Furthermore, the need for reform in order to financially sustain the system became evident again after the global financial crisis, but there is as yet no consensus about how to achieve this.

  20. 75 FR 12217 - Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-15

    ... Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant programs... Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study (FWS), and Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant (FSEOG.... (2) General Provisions for the Federal Perkins Loan Program, Federal Work-Study Program, and...

  1. Health federalism: the role of health care professionals in Nepal.

    PubMed

    Dulal, R K

    2009-01-01

    Nepal has entered from its unitary system into a new "Federal Democratic Republic State". The current constitution presents basic health care services as a fundamental right. The Ministry for Health and Population has been providing resources to meet health demands, but managers are wrestling to meet these demands. Persistent disparities between rural and urban and across regions resulted inferior health outcomes, e.g., life expectancy in an urban district like Bhaktapur is 71 years, whereas in the rural district of Mugu it is 44 years. The poor health and poor access to health care in the past systems prompted people to seek a different model. Ultimately, all political parties except one have agreed on federalism. The exact number of federal states that are going to be created is unknown. In federalism, all federated states have to assume certain relationships between the locality, the region, and the nation that apply not only in politics but in health care too. Managing changes in health care organization during the transitional period and after restructuring the unitary Nepal into federal states should be carefully planned. In case, if new system also fails to deliver necessary health care services, the possibility of igniting of dissatisfaction, public unrest and even disintegration cannot be ignored. In order to outline a structure and give life to a health care system under federalism, health care professionals need to engage themselves seriously.

  2. [Shock therapy and psychosurgery in the early German Democratic Republic (GDR)].

    PubMed

    Rzesnitzek, L

    2015-11-01

    Patient files, textbooks and published articles of the time show that the wide range of psychiatric therapies of the 1950s and 1960s was also used in the early German Democratic Republic (GDR). The use of insulin coma therapy, cardiazol and electroconvulsive therapies and especially of leucotomy in the GDR must not only be seen in the context of the international development and debate concerning these therapies up to the introduction of psychopharmaceutic therapy but also, in a similar way as in the Federal Republic of Germany, in relation to the locally sometimes different availability of insulin and cardiazol in the post-war period, different schools of academic thought and scientific research interest and priorities of the clinics concerned.

  3. [Company centredness in the rehabilitation system of the German Democratic Republic, GDR].

    PubMed

    Höhne, A; Behrens, J; Schaepe, C; Schubert, M; Zimmermann, M

    2007-08-01

    This article describes major aspects of the rehabilitation system of the former German Democratic Republic, GDR. Based on presentation of the actors in the medical and occupational rehabilitation system, differences are pointed out in comparison to the notion of rehabilitation in the former Federal Republic of Germany, FRG. The article focuses on the system of rehabilitation after stroke, which is outlined with relevant scientific literature. The health and rehabilitation system of the GDR was company-centred. Patients in rehabilitation received comprehensive care and guidance, and especially the companies played an integrative part and adjusted the occupational activity of the patients in rehabilitation to their physical and mental abilities in order to avoid early retirement. On account of the political and social transformation process as well as transfer of the health and rehabilitation legislation of the old FRG, the company-centred rehabilitation system of the GDR was replaced, implementing West German rehabilitation structures in East Germany as well.

  4. Population change in the former Soviet Republics.

    PubMed

    Haub, C

    1994-12-01

    Demographic trends in the former Soviet Republics and Russia are summarized and discussed in this publication. The former Soviet Republics in Europe as well as Georgia and Armenia had completed or almost completed their demographic transition before October 1991. Other Central Asian republics experienced reduced mortality, but, despite rapid declines, fertility is still above replacement level (at 3-4 children per woman). The economic and social dislocation of the breakup of the republics has hastened fertility decline. The annual population growth rate of the USSR in the mid-1980s was 0.9%; this rate declined to 0.4% in 1991, and the decline has continued. The 1991 population of the USSR was 289.1 million. Between 1989 and 1991, the crude birth rate was 18/1000 population, and the crude death rate was 10/1000. The net migration rate of -4/1000 helped to reduce growth. Total fertility in the USSR was 2.3 children in 1990. In Russia, fertility declined from 1.9 in 1990 to 1.4 in 1993. The preferred family size in Russia was 1.9 in 1990 and 1.5 in 1993. This decline occurred due to lack of confidence in the economy and insufficient income. Only 19% of women used contraception in 1990. Marriages declined after 1990. Age pyramids were similar in the republics in that there was a narrowing in the proportion aged 45-49 years, and the male population aged over 65 years was diminished, due to the effect of World War II. The cohort of those aged 20-24 years in 1992 was very small due to the small parental birth cohort. The differences in the republics was characterized as broad-based in the younger ages because of high fertility. The number of childbearing women will remain large. Life expectancy has been 70 years since the 1950s and has declined in some republics due to substandard health care, lack of job safety measures, and alcoholism. Some republics experienced increased life expectancy, but, after 1991, mortality increased. Tajikistan had the highest infant mortality

  5. Federal Employees' Compensation Act.

    PubMed

    Ladou, Joseph

    2009-01-01

    The Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA) program provides wage loss compensation and payments for medical treatment to federal civilian employees. Administered by the Department of Labor (DOL), FECA covers over 2.7 million federal employees in more than 70 different agencies. FECA costs rose from $1.4 billion in 1990 to $2.6 in 2006, while the federal workforce remained essentially unchanged. While federal civilian employees represent only 2.1% of all workers eligible for workers' compensation benefits, federal programs account for 6% of the benefits paid. Disability benefits under FECA are far greater than those in the state workers' compensation programs. The benefit payments often exceed the former salary of the injured employee. The last congressional hearings on the FECA program were held over thirty years ago. It is unlikely that Congressional review will occur any time soon, as the entrenched bureaucracy that benefits from the FECA program defines and protects its future.

  6. 76 FR 64896 - Certain Cut-to-Length Carbon-Quality Steel Plate From the Republic of Korea: Extension of Time...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Certain Cut-to-Length Carbon-Quality Steel Plate From the Republic of Korea... administrative review of the antidumping duty order on certain cut-to-length carbon-quality steel plate from...

  7. Application Kit for Federal Assistance

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    The Federal Grant & Cooperative Agreement Act of 1977 requires Federal agencies to use a contract to acquire property or services that directly benefit the Federal government.This letter to the applicant explains the Application Kit for Federal Assistance.

  8. Federal Agency and Federal Library Reports.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Jane; Wooding, Janet E.; Lisowski, Lori A.; Borys, Cynthia; Chute, Adrienne; Fischer, Audrey; Cole, John Y.; Tarr, Susan M.; Norris, Brian; Mehnert, Robert; Brandhorst, Ted; Sherman, Andrew M.

    1998-01-01

    Contains reports from National Commission on Libraries and Information Science, National Technical Information Service, National Archives, U.S. Information Agency, National Center for Education Statistics, Library of Congress, Center for the Book, Federal Library and Information Center Committee, National Agricultural Library, National Library of…

  9. Federal Agency and Federal Library Reports.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vlach, Rosalie B.; Davis, Linda; Vecchiarelli, Marion H.; Fischer, Audrey; Cole, John Y.; Tarr, Susan M.; Carey, Len; Mehnert, Robert; Sherman, Andrew M.; Dunn, Christina

    2001-01-01

    Includes 11 reports from the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science; National Technical Information Service; National Archives and Records Administration; Library of Congress; Center for the Book; Federal Library and Information Center Committee; National Agricultural Library; National Library of Medicine; Government Printing…

  10. Federal Agency and Federal Library Reports.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wooding, Janet E; Lisowski, Lori A.; Gilliam, Bo; Chute, Adrienne; Fischer, Audrey; Cole, John Y.; Tarr, Susan M.; Norris, Brian; Mehnert, Robert; Brandhorst, Ted; Sherman, Andrew M.; Willard, Robert S.

    1999-01-01

    Presents reports from: National Technical Information Service; National Archives and Records Administration; United States Information Agency; National Center for Educational Statistics Library Statistics Cooperative Program; Library of Congress; Center for the Book; Federal Library and Information Center Committee; National Agricultural Library;…

  11. Astronomy in the Republic of Macedonia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mijatovic, Mijat

    Astronomy in the territory of today's Republic of Macedonia has a century-long history. This history is presented in the essay, begining with M. Trpković's suggestions to reform the orthodox calendar in 1900s, through the foundation of the first faculty of Macedonian language in Skopje in 1946, until today's situation in astronomy. In second half of the XX century, the development of astronomy in the Republic of Macedonia is divided in two different periods: before and after the big earthquake in Skopje in 1963. The first period is characterized by hope and enthusiasm, and a little observatory was started to be built, but it was destroyed in the earthquake. The last ten years a new upsurge is seen in Astronomy in the Republic of Macedonia, which is founded on Balkan and international collaboration.

  12. Teaching about American Federal Democracy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schechter, Stephen L., Ed.

    Ten essays discuss federal democracy, the form of government of the United States. The first essay discusses the origins of American federalism. The second examines why we have a federal system, the functions federalism serves, and the consequences of federalism for the American political system. Federalism in the Constitution and constitutional…

  13. Republication of: New mechanics of material systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mathisson, Myron

    2010-04-01

    This is an English translation of the second of two papers by Myron Mathisson, first published in German in 1931 and 1937, in which he presented the correct formulation of equations of motion of spinning bodies in general relativity (today known as the Mathisson-Papapetrou equations). The papers have been selected by the Editors of General Relativity and Gravitation for republication in the Golden Oldies series of the journal. This republication is accompanied by an editorial note and Mathisson’s brief biography, both written by Andrzej Trautman.

  14. Dominican Republic Wind Energy Resource Atlas Development

    SciTech Connect

    Elliott, D.

    1999-09-09

    A wind resource analysis and mapping study was conducted for the Dominican Republic. The purpose of this study was to identify most favorable wind resource areas and quantify the value of that resource within those areas. This was a major study and the first of its kind undertaken for the Dominican Republic. The key to the successful completion of the study was an automated wind resource mapping program recently developed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), a US Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratory.

  15. Two basins explored in Dominican Republic

    SciTech Connect

    Ellis, G.M.

    1996-04-29

    Exploration companies are exploring two tracts in separate basins of the Dominican Republic. Drilling is under way or planned in the eastern Cibao basin in the northeastern part of the country, where Petrolera Once Once SA holds a 1,001,287 ha concession, and the Azua-Bani basin in the southwester, where Mobil-Murfin holds a 2,266,197 ha concession. About 75 wells have been drilled onshore in Dominican Republic, but commercial production has not been established. This paper summarizes the exploration history and geology of the area.

  16. Defensive Federal Litigation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-08-20

    activities. Finally, a chapter concerning the personal liability of government official is included. 14. SUBJECT TERMS 15 . NUMBER OF PAGES Defensive Federal...4- 15 (1) Federal Tort Claim s A ct...4- 15 (2) Tucker A ct ................................................................................. 4- 15 (a) Scope of Tucker Act -- Absence

  17. A Unit on Federalism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lucas, Karen Coston

    1987-01-01

    Presents a teaching unit which will enable secondary students to differentiate between unitary, federal, and confederate forms of government; list factors leading to the formation of the U.S. federal system of government; and understand how different structures of government result in different degrees of freedom, responsibilities, and…

  18. Federal Legislative Proposals, 1969.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.

    The commission outlined a legislative program at the Federal level. Federal aid should come under the direct control of the executive branch to consolidate and simplify all education aid programs. This reorganization should include continuous and effective presentation of the State point of view to the responsible authorities. A new three-tiered…

  19. Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Housing and Urban Development, Washington, DC.

    The document presents uniform standards for facility accessibility by physically handicapped persons for Federal and federally funded facilities. The standards are to be applied during the design, construction, and alteration of buildings and facilities to the extent required by the Architectural Barriers Act of 1968, as amended. Technical…

  20. 75 FR 969 - Diamond Sawblades and Parts Thereof From the People's Republic of China and the Republic of Korea...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-07

    ... International Trade Administration Diamond Sawblades and Parts Thereof From the People's Republic of China and... investigations of diamond sawblades and parts thereof (``diamond sawblades'') from the People's Republic of China (``PRC'') and the Republic of Korea (``Korea''). See Diamond Sawblades and Parts Thereof From the...

  1. 77 FR 20788 - Diamond Sawblades and Parts Thereof From the Republic of Korea and the People's Republic of China...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-06

    ... International Trade Administration Diamond Sawblades and Parts Thereof From the Republic of Korea and the People... administrative reviews of the antidumping duty orders on diamond sawblades and parts thereof (diamond sawblades) from the Republic of Korea (Korea) and the People's Republic of China (PRC). See Diamond Sawblades...

  2. 78 FR 74115 - Monosodium Glutamate From the People's Republic of China and the Republic of Indonesia...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-10

    ... Indonesia: Postponement of Preliminary Determination in the Countervailing Duty Investigations AGENCY... (PRC)); Nicholas Czajkowski at (202) 482- 1395 (the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesia)), AD/CVD... investigations of monosodium glutamate from Indonesia and the PRC.\\1\\ Currently, the preliminary determinations...

  3. Federalism, Agenda Setting, and the Dynamics of Federal Education Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manna, Paul

    This paper is part of a larger project on agenda setting in the U.S. federal system and the development of the federal education agenda since 1965. Two questions motivate the paper, one theoretical and the other empirical: (1) how does federalism affect the federal agenda?; and (2) what explains the development of federal involvement in K-12…

  4. English Language Teaching Profile: Central African Republic.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    British Council, London (England). English-Teaching Information Centre.

    This profile in outline form of the English language teaching situation in the Central African Republic discusses the role of English and English within the educational system. While French is the official language and Sango is the national language, English is taught in all secondary schools, is used as the medium of instruction in the University…

  5. Teacher Training in the Czech Republic.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delamere, Patricia

    This paper describes the procedures for developing and delivering a training program designed to enhance the language ability and teacher training skills of lead teachers of English in the Czech Republic. The described program was funded by PHARE, a European Commission funding source dedicated to strengthening and enhancing the skills, knowledge,…

  6. LANDSAT activities in the Republic of Zaire

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ilunga, S.

    1975-01-01

    An overview of the LANDSAT data utilization program of the Republic of Zaire is presented. The program emphasizes topics of economic significance to the national development program of Zaire: (1) agricultural land use capability analysis, including evaluation of the effects of large-scale burnings; (2) mineral resources evaluation; and (3) production of mapping materials for poorly covered regions.

  7. Private Supplementary Tutoring in the Czech Republic

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Štastný, Vít

    2016-01-01

    The study contributes to the literature on private supplementary tutoring by shedding light on this phenomenon in the Czech Republic. The aim of the paper is to identify the reasons for seeking out private supplementary tutoring and to assess the factors underlying its demand. In the representative sample of 1,265 senior upper-secondary school…

  8. Cryptosporidium from Palawan, Republic of the Philippines

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-06-01

    PALAWAN, REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Mare A. Laxer* Alberto K. Alcantara* Marivyl Javato-Laxer" Mene D. Cui* Renato A. Leano* Soiedad Bautista* Natividad ...Marivyl Javato-Laxer, Mere D. Cui, Renato A. Leano, Soledad Bautista, Natividad Rami To, ressie L. Gavina 13a TYPE OF REPORT 13b TIME COVFRED 114 DATE OF

  9. Private Supplementary Tutoring in the Czech Republic

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Štastný, Vít

    2016-01-01

    The study contributes to the literature on private supplementary tutoring by shedding light on this phenomenon in the Czech Republic. The aim of the paper is to identify the reasons for seeking out private supplementary tutoring and to assess the factors underlying its demand. In the representative sample of 1,265 senior upper-secondary school…

  10. Gravimetric maps of the Central African Republic

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Albouy, J.; Godivier, R. (Principal Investigator)

    1982-01-01

    Gravimetric maps of the Central African Republic are described including a map of Bouguer anomalies at 1/1,000,000 in two sections (eastern sheet, western sheet) and a map, in color, of Bouguer anomalies at 1/2,000,000. Instrumentation, data acquisition, calibration, and data correction procedures are discussed.

  11. OECD Reviews of School Resources: Slovak Republic

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santiago, Paulo; Halász, Gábor; Levacic, Rosalind; Shewbridge, Claire

    2016-01-01

    This report for the Slovak Republic forms part of the OECD Review of Policies to Improve the Effectiveness of Resource Use in Schools. The purpose of the Review is to explore how school resources can be governed, distributed, utilised and managed to improve the quality, equity and efficiency of school education. School resources are understood in…

  12. Education in the Republic of China.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ministry of Education, Taipei (Taiwan).

    This document describes in detail the history and structure of the Republic of China's educational system. Section 1 includes charts detailing school density and changes in school population since 1950. Section 2 addresses the aim of education and its legal background. Section 3 presents a synopsis of current school regulations at all levels.…

  13. The People's Republic of China: An Overview

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Social Education, 1973

    1973-01-01

    Excerpted from The People's Republic of China,'' No. 4 in the Issues in United States Foreign Policy series, the material discusses (1) Profile, (2) Customs, Etiquette, and Rhetoric, (3) Women in the P.R.C., (4) Cuisine, (5) Medicine and Health, (6) Education, (7) Language, and (8) Communes and Agriculture. (JB)

  14. Ritual Kinship in a Dominican Republic Plantation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alum, Rolando A., II

    This paper presents an anthropological description of "compadrazgo" (cogodparenthood) as a sociocultural institution in a state owned sugar cane plantation in the southeastern part of the Dominican Republic. The enthnohistory of the compadrazgo cultural complex is outlined and the institution's roots in ancient Europe before its…

  15. English Teaching Profile: Yemen Arab Republic.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.

    A description of the role and status of the English language in the Yemen Arab Republic begins with a general statement concerning the distribution of English speakers and the use of English language materials. Subsequent sections outline: (1) the use and status of English within the educational system at all levels, including teacher education;…

  16. Medical ethics in the German Democratic Republic.

    PubMed

    Luther, E

    1989-06-01

    Medical ethics has been developing in the German Democratic Republic (GDR) since the 1970's on the basis of the traditional ethics of physicians and the socio-economic fundamentals of our socialist state. Medical care provided in the framework of Marxist-Leninist medical ethics is based on rationality and humanity.

  17. English Teaching Profile: Yemen Arab Republic.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.

    A description of the role and status of the English language in the Yemen Arab Republic begins with a general statement concerning the distribution of English speakers and the use of English language materials. Subsequent sections outline: (1) the use and status of English within the educational system at all levels, including teacher education;…

  18. Interpretive Challenges in the Dominican Republic.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shepard, Clinton L.

    1984-01-01

    Addresses challenges facing many developing countries in establishing and maintaining a comprehensive natural resource management policy when environmental conservation takes a back seat to agricultural production. Examines current environmental education and interpretation efforts in the Dominican Republic and offers suggestions for developing an…

  19. [Imported viral hepatitis in the Czech Republic].

    PubMed

    Dlhý, J; Benes, C

    2007-04-01

    Through the analysis of notified viral hepatitis, trends in the occurrence of imported cases in the Czech Republic have been specified, the aim of which was to draw attention to the epidemiologically important aspects of travelling abroad. In the software environment of Epi Info version 6.04d, nationwide databases of communicable diseases over the period of 1993-2005 were analysed. The period was defined with respect to the availability of necessary data in the Epidat information system for communicable disease reporting in the Czech Republic. During the years 1993-2005, 12,091 cases of communicable diseases were imported into the Czech Republic of which viral hepatitis accounted for 5.7 % (685). The rates by diagnosis were as follows: viral hepatitis A 61 %, acute viral hepatitis B 15 %, chronic viral hepatitis C 11 %, viral hepatitis E 5 %, acute viral hepatitis C 3 %, chronic viral hepatitis B 3 % and other cases of viral hepatitis 2 %. The rates by the "imported by" variable: Czech tourists 47.2 %, foreigners 32.8 %, Czech business travellers 20.0 %. The diseases were most commonly imported from the following countries: Ukraine 13 %, Slovakia 8 %, Southern Europe 6 %, Egypt 6 % and Russia 5 %. In the Czech Republic, communicable diseases are reported using the Epidat system. The Epidat database analysis focused on reported cases of imported viral hepatitis represents an important starting point for assessing health risks associated with travelling abroad.

  20. Education in the Republic of China.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ministry of Education, Taipei (Taiwan).

    This document describes in detail the history and structure of the Republic of China's educational system. Section 1 includes charts detailing school density and changes in school population since 1950. Section 2 addresses the aim of education and its legal background. Section 3 presents a synopsis of current school regulations at all levels.…

  1. OECD Reviews of School Resources: Slovak Republic

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santiago, Paulo; Halász, Gábor; Levacic, Rosalind; Shewbridge, Claire

    2016-01-01

    This report for the Slovak Republic forms part of the OECD Review of Policies to Improve the Effectiveness of Resource Use in Schools. The purpose of the Review is to explore how school resources can be governed, distributed, utilised and managed to improve the quality, equity and efficiency of school education. School resources are understood in…

  2. 34 CFR 365.11 - How is the allotment of Federal funds for State independent living (IL) services computed?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... EDUCATION STATE INDEPENDENT LIVING SERVICES How Does the Secretary Make a Grant to a State? § 365.11 How is the allotment of Federal funds for State independent living (IL) services computed? (a) The allotment... United States Virgin Islands, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Republic of Palau...

  3. Federal consortium visit

    NASA Image and Video Library

    2011-02-10

    Members of the Southeast U.S. Federal Laboratory Consortium for Technology Transfer gather at the base of the B-1/B-2 Test Stand during a Feb. 10 visit to John C. Stennis Space Center. The group visited Stennis to tour facilities and receive briefings on work at the rocket engine test site. They also visited the INFINITY at NASA Stennis Space Center site and received a briefing on construction of the new science center. The FLC is a nationwide network of federal laboratories to facilitate technology transfers between federal agencies and commercial companies.

  4. Federal Sector Negotiability

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-01-01

    LogisticsCouncil v. Federal Labor Relations Authority, 810 F.2d 234, 241- 242 (D.C. Cir. 1987); Circuit Judge D.H. Ginsburg writing for the court in United...concurring and dissenting in Defense Logistics Council v. Federal Labor Relations Authority, 810 F.2d 234, 241- 242 (D.C. Cir. 1987); Judge D.H. Ginsburg...cert. dismissed 106 S.Ct. 1678 (1986) (per curium ); American Federation of State. County and Municipal Employees. Local 3097 and Department of Justice

  5. Overview of Germany: The Federal Republic and the Federal States. Social Studies, Grades 6-8. Update 2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blankenship, Glen; Tinkler, D. William

    This instructional package, consisting of a text and 15 transparencies, is designed for middle school classrooms. The four lessons in the package correlate to the study of world cultures (perspective taking and symbols), geography, and government. The materials in the package focus on national studies and state studies from a comparative United…

  6. Republic of Botswana. Country profile.

    PubMed

    Tarver, J

    1985-08-01

    A summary of Botswana's population characteristics, population distribution, labor force characteristics, health situation, and transportation and communication facilities is provided. 87% of the country's 941,027 inhabitants live in the catchment area of the Limpopo River in the eastern region of the country. Much of the remaining area is covered by the Kalahari Desert. The population is growing at an annual rate of 3.6%, the birth rate is 50 and the total fertility rate is 6.6. The government has no official population policy. Major ethnic groups are the cattle raising Tswanas, which make up 50% of the population, the Herero, and the Basarwa, or Bushmen, of the Kalahri Desert. Urban areas are officially defined as population centers which contain 5000 or more residents and in which at least 75% of the inhabitants are engaged in nonagricultural work. According to this classification, 84% of the population is rural; however, most rural inhabitants live in agrotowns and temporarily move to outlying cattle and land posts during part of the year. Some of the agrotowns have almost 25,000 inhabitants. Major urban centers include 1) Gaborone, the capital and major administrative center, with a popualtion of 59,657; 2) Francistown, a large commercial center, with a population of 31,065; 3) Selebi-Phikwe, a mining center, populated by 29,469; and 4) Lobatse, a livestock marketing and processing center, with 19,034 residents. The urban population increased from 54,416 to 150,021 between 1971-81. The population has a young age structure. A large number of working aged males migrate temporarily to the Republic of South Africa to work in the gold mines. 37% of the economically active population is engaged in government services, 26% in mining, manufacturing, and construction, 21% in trade and finance, 6% in transportation, utilities, and communication, and 4.5% in agriculture. Only 1.3% of the land is cultivatable. The working age population is expected to double by the end of

  7. Republic of Senegal. Country profile.

    PubMed

    Gold, D

    1985-04-01

    The demographic and economic characteristics and some of the cultural traditions of the Republic of Senegal are described. Senegal obtained its independence from France in 1960. Despite the fact that the majority of the population derives its living from agriculture, the country must import additional food staples to feed its population. Conditions contributing to poor crop yields in recent years include 1) the frequent occurrence of droughts, 2) soil depletion caused by overintensive cultivation practices, and 3) land dessication caused by poor forestry management. In 1984 crop yields were only 10% of the normal crop yields. The government under the leadership of the president, Adbou Diouf, is currently developing plans to improve agricultural conditions and to encourage the industrial development of the country. The tourist industry is also growing. In 1976 Senegal conducted it 1st national census. According to the census the total population was 5,068,741 and the population growth rate was 2.6%. The US Census Bureau estimates that the population growth rate is now 3.2% and that 654,000 people were added to the population between 1976 and 1985. 27% of the population is urban, and the majority of the urban population resides in Dakar. In recent years, the rate of rural to urban migration increased rapidly as a result of the deteriorating agricultural conditions. The population is unevenly distributed throughout the country; 82% of the population lives in 39% of the country's territory. In 1977, 18% of the population lived in housing with electricity, and in 1983, 37% of the population lived in housing with running water. Most rural residents live in villages consisting of clusters of clay structures with thatched roofs and dirt floors. Most of the urban poor live in crowded shantytowns, which lack urban services. More than 1/2 of the population is under the age of 18. According to the 1978 World Fertility Survey, 83% of all women of reproductive age are married

  8. Federal participation in LEED

    SciTech Connect

    Payne, Christopher; Dyer, Beverly

    2004-11-10

    The federal government has been an active participant in the development and use of USGBC's Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design Green Building Rating System (LEED). This paper presents a review of this participation and some expectations for ongoing partnership.

  9. Federal Green Challenge Awards

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    We are pleased to recognize the following participants in the FGC for their significant efforts in improving the sustainability of their facilities and for their leadership in reducing the environmental footprint of federal government activities.

  10. "Our federalism" moves indoors.

    PubMed

    Ruger, Theodore W

    2013-04-01

    A great deal of the US Supreme Court's federalism jurisprudence over the past two decades has focused on the outer limits of federal power, suggesting a mutually exclusive division of jurisdiction between the states and the federal government, where subjects are regulated by one sovereign or the other but not both. This is not an accurate picture of American governance as it has operated over the past half century - most important areas of American life are regulated concurrently by both the federal government and the states. The Supreme Court's June 2012 decision clearing the way for the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) to move forward thus should not be regarded as an affront to state sovereignty but as a realistic embrace of state power in its active, modern form. The PPACA is infused with multiple major roles for the states, and as the statute goes into operation over the next few years, states retain, and are already exercising, substantial policy discretion.

  11. Federal Internship Improvement Act

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Rep. Connolly, Gerald E. [D-VA-11

    2011-03-03

    House - 03/18/2011 Referred to the Subcommittee on Federal Workforce, U.S. Postal Service, and Labor Policy. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  12. Federal Internship Improvement Act

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Rep. Connolly, Gerald E. [D-VA-11

    2011-03-03

    03/18/2011 Referred to the Subcommittee on Federal Workforce, U.S. Postal Service, and Labor Policy. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  13. Federal Internship Improvement Act

    THOMAS, 112th Congress

    Rep. Connolly, Gerald E. [D-VA-11

    2011-03-03

    03/18/2011 Referred to the Subcommittee on Federal Workforce, U.S. Postal Service, and Labor Policy. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  14. [Hygienic characteristics of the population's morbidity rate associated with iodine deficiency in the Republic of Mordovia].

    PubMed

    Blinov, D S; Chemova, N N; Balykova, O P; Liapina, S A; Chugunova, L A

    2015-01-01

    In the article there are presented the results of research on naturally conditioned insufficiency of trace elements, particularly iodine, in the Republic of Mordovia. Iodine deficiency disorders are referred to the most common non-infectious human pathology. According to WHO data, about two billion people on Earth live in conditions of in iodine deficiency. In the Russian Federation there are no areas in which the population would not be at risk for the development of iodine deficiency disorders. To these regions and the Republic of Mordovia is referred. The prevalence of diseases caused by iodine deficiency among the urban population accounted for 100-150, among rural--130-350. In some regions of endemic goiter rate reaches 800. Analysis of the morbidity rate of the population in the Republic of Mordovia, associated with the iodine deficiency, shows that in the structure of diseases related to micronutrient deficiency, by 2013 diffuse goiter plays a leading role, beingfollowed by a multi-node (endemic) goiter onward thyroiditis, subclinical hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Thus, the analysis of indices of new cases of diseases associated with the iodine deficiency, allows to make the conclusion that diffuse goiter is the most significant pathology. In the structure of diseases related to the micronutrient deficiency, out of the most frequently detected iodine deficiency disorders, the greatest fraction are diffuse and multinodular goiter. The study was conducted with the support of the project, performed in the framework of the basic part of the State assignment (project 2859) and a RHSF grant.

  15. Federal Guidance for Radiation Protection

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    EPA produces federal guidance technical reports, which standardize dose and risk assessment and issues radiation protection guidance to federal agencies. This page provides links to federal guidance policy recommendations and technical reports.

  16. New Federalism, Taxes, and Cities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaplan, Marshall

    1982-01-01

    Discusses how recent changes in federal policies have adversely affected cities. Modifications of the state block grant system, tax laws, reductions in federal support for welfare programs, and a massive federal debt have all hurt urban economies. (AM)

  17. [Post-Doc (post-graduate training for medical doctors in Europe). The use of the Internet in the continuing education of general practice physicians: a European project of multimedia continuing medical education. The University of Aachen, Maastricht, Catholic University Leuven and the Central University Limburg (Diepenbeek) and EUREGIONET].

    PubMed

    Montrieux, C; Collette, G; van Lochem, J J; Baldewyns, L; Orban, M

    2000-09-01

    The continuing formation of the General Practitioners (GP) must stay in stride with the rapid evolution of society, technology, science and needs of the population. The Web allows on-line a rapid access to a pertinent and practical information whenever needed. PostDoc is a joint venture of the Universities of Aachen, Maastricht, Leuven and Diepenbeek. The Department of general medicine is associated with the Service of Technology of Education in this project. The interactivity of an Internet Website introduces a cooperative dimension in the work of the GP's centred on formation and discussion of problems encountered. This tool allows each GP to contribute to clinical cases and information.

  18. [The status and measures to secure safe household water supply in the Russian Federation].

    PubMed

    Onishchenko, G G

    2010-01-01

    To preserve the health of our nation, to reduce mortality rates, and to increase longevity are the most important conditions for solving the problem of national security. The Russian Federation completely supports the world community's efforts to conserve water bodies and to prevent the spread water-borne diseases. Despite the fact that Russia is the largest water country and has one fifth of the worldwide resources, the situation in this sphere is serious as before. Portable water deficiency in a number of the Russian Federation's subjects, such as the Kostroma, Kaluga, and Pskov Republics, the Republic of North-Alania, etc., is one of the poor factors of household water supply. To improve the provision of our country's population with good-quality drinking water, the Russian Inspectorate for the Protection of Consumer Rights and Human Welfare, continuously does work to improve the legal and regulatory basis that stipulates sanitary-and-epidemiological standards for portable water and drinking water supply.

  19. Czech Republic to Become Member of ESO

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2006-12-01

    Today, an agreement was signed in Prague between ESO and the Czech Republic, aiming to make the latter become a full member of ESO as of 1 January 2007. "The future membership of the Czech Republic in ESO opens for the Czech astronomers completely new opportunities and possibilities. It will foster this discipline on the highest quality level and open new opportunities for Czech industry to actively cooperate in research and development of high-tech instruments for astronomical research," said Miroslava Kopicová, Minister of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic. ESO PR Photo 52/06 ESO PR Photo 52/06 Signing Ceremony "We warmly welcome the Czech Republic as the thirteenth member of ESO," said Catherine Cesarsky, ESO's Director General. "The timing couldn't be better chosen: with the Very Large Telescope, Europe is now at the forefront of ground-based astronomy, and with the construction of ALMA and the final studies for the European Extremely Large Telescope, we will ensure that this will remain so for several decades. We look forward to working together with our Czech colleagues towards these successes." The signing event took place at the Czech Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports in Prague. Following ratification by the Czech Parliament, the Czech Republic with thus join the twelve present member states of ESO, the European Organisation for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere: Belgium, Denmark, France, Finland, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. The Czech Republic is the first country from Central and Eastern Europe to join ESO. Astronomy in the Czech Republic has a very long tradition that dates from as far back as 3500 BC. Four centuries ago, Tycho Brahe and Johannes Kepler established themselves in Prague at the invitation of the emperor Rudolph II, laying the ground for the first golden age in astronomy. Later, eminent scientists such as Christian Doppler, Ernst Mach and

  20. [Solid organ transplantation in the Czech Republic].

    PubMed

    Kuman, Milan

    2015-01-01

    Solid organ transplantation (heart, lung, liver, kidney, pancreas, small interesting and their combinations) are standard therapy of terminal organ failure. Czech Republic belongs to the states with developed transplantation program. The results correspond with current knowledge and results of leading centers in the world, as demostrated in this article. Organ donor shortage is major factor limiting development of organ transplantations as elsewhere in the Europe or in the world.

  1. 77 FR 31536 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Technical Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-29

    ..., Canada, Chile, Columbia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Korea..., Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Korea (Republic of... definition of ``Free Trade Agreement country'' by removing ``Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile,...

  2. Achieving a Peace Settlement between Abkhazia and Georgia: Lessons from Swiss Federalism

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-06

    separatist movement as the Republic of Georgia, when the French region of Jura vied to separate from Canton Bern . From 1940 to 1979, Switzerland... Bern .21 As most of the Canton’s population is German-speaking Protestants, it was among the Catholic francophone that the separatist movement...actually served as a mediator during the conflict between Bern and the Jura region. This is a phenomenal example of Swiss federalism, which may satisfy

  3. Federalism and health policy.

    PubMed

    Nathan, Richard P

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a cyclical theory of U.S. federalism and social policy: Many social policy initiatives are tested and refined at the state level, especially during conservative periods, and later morph into national policies. The paper describes such federalism cycles and offers an interpretation of why and how they occur, focusing on Medicaid. State activism has preserved and expanded Medicaid through policy innovation and resistance to retrenchment, especially in conservative periods, by taking advantage of the flexibility the program provides. I conclude that Medicaid's incremental/partnership approach is appropriate and feasible to build on for a future expansion of health care coverage.

  4. 77 FR 37384 - High Pressure Steel Cylinders From the People's Republic of China: Countervailing Duty Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-21

    ... International Trade Administration High Pressure Steel Cylinders From the People's Republic of China... duty order on high pressure steel cylinders (``steel cylinders'') from the People's Republic of China.... See High Pressure Steel Cylinders From the People's Republic of China: Final...

  5. 75 FR 24572 - Certain Potassium Phosphate Salts from the People's Republic of China: Preliminary Affirmative...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-05

    ... International Trade Administration Certain Potassium Phosphate Salts from the People's Republic of China... investigation of certain potassium phosphate salts (``salts'') from the People's Republic of China (``PRC''). See Certain Potassium Phosphate Salts From the People's Republic of China: Preliminary Determination...

  6. 78 FR 13325 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the People's Republic of China, Ecuador, India, Indonesia...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-27

    ...-815] Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the People's Republic of China, Ecuador, India, Indonesia... frozen warmwater shrimp from the People's Republic of China, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Malaysia... of China,Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and the Socialist Republic of...

  7. 78 FR 6297 - Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Preliminary Results of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-30

    ... International Trade Administration Certain Frozen Fish Fillets From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam... frozen fish fillets from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (``Vietnam''). The period of review (``POR... Republic of Vietnam'' from Christian Marsh, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Antidumping and...

  8. Extreme wind climate in the Czech Republic

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pop, L.; Hanslian, D.; Jiri, H.

    2011-12-01

    Extreme wind events belong to the most damaging weather-related hazards in Czech Republic. Therefore a complex survey is performed to exploit the wind data available over the period of industrial measurements in Czech Republic for extreme wind analysis. The object of the survey is to find the limitations of wind data available, to analyze the conditions for extreme wind events and to try to enhance the knowledge about the statistical behavior of extreme wind. The data quality showed itself as a major issue. The homogeneity of extreme wind data is broken in many cases as the extreme wind values are highly dependent on the measuring instrumentation and changes in neighborhood. It also may be difficult to distinguish between correct high wind data and erroneous values. The individual analysis and quality assessment of wind data used in extremal analysis is therefore essential. There are generally two basic groups of extreme wind events typical in the Czech Republic and generally over the mid-latitudes: The "convective" events (can be also called as "squalls") are primarily initiated by deep convection, whereas the primary cause for "non-convective" (synoptic) events is large-scale pressure gradient. The subject is, however, a bit more complex, as the pressure gradient inducing high wind in higher atmospheric levels or wind shear can be a significant factor in convective events; on the other hand, convection may increase wind speeds in otherwise "non-convective" synoptic-scale windstorms. In addition, there are some special phenomena that should be treated individually: the physical principle and climatological behavior (frequency, magnitude and area affected) of tornadoes make them very different from common convective straight winds; this is in lesser scale also the case of "foehn" or "bora" effects belonging to non-convective events. These effects, however, do not play major role over the Czech Republic. In Czech Republic, the overall impact of convective and non

  9. Rural Education: The Federal Response.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hearn, Norman E.

    1981-01-01

    Reviews federal efforts to develop a rural education federal agenda, five basic problems of rural areas which lend themselves to federal solutions, Department of Education proposals for fiscal year 1982, significant federal responses/already in progress, and strengths and advantages of rural schools. (AN)

  10. Federal Regulation of Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shapiro, Martin

    Fresh light might be shed on problems of federal education policy by treating them not only as problems of intergovernmental relations but of government regulation of enterprise, given that they involve the attempts of a central government to influence the conduct of enterprises that it does not own nor directly operate. Using well-established…

  11. Federal-State Relationships.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bystrom, John

    The Federal Communications Commission in 1938 set aside AM radio assignments for future educational stations. In the 1960's it made additional assignments for education: long-range FM radio, multiplex sub-carrier channels; and UHF, VHF, and Instructional Television Fixed Service channels for statewide ETV broadcast service. Such networks aid the…

  12. Federal Forecasters Directory, 1995.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.

    This directory lists employees of the federal government who are involved in forecasting for policy formation and trend prediction purposes. Job title, agency, business address, phone or e-mail number, and specialty areas are listed for each employee. Employees are listed for the following agencies: (1) Bureau of the Census; (2) Bureau of Economic…

  13. The Federal Energy Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Novick, Sheldon

    1976-01-01

    There is no federal energy policy. There is a fuel use policy of sorts, but that policy is related as much to foreign policy as to domestic needs, with the United States public paying the large bill. Neither presidential candidate has yet offered a plan for a coherent energy policy. (Editor/BT)

  14. Federal Election Commission.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliot, Lee Ann

    1996-01-01

    Presents a concise overview of the responsibilities, membership, structure, and requirements of the Federal Election Commission (FEC). Created in 1974, the FEC oversees the financial activities of candidates and political parties. Discusses corporate and union political action committees (PACs) as well as contribution limits and prohibitions. (MJP)

  15. Federal Bureau of Investigation

    MedlinePlus

    ... part of the Bureau’s Endangered Child Alert Program. Cyber Security: Our Shared Responsibility Director’s Installation Ceremony Most Wanted/ ... FBI’s top criminal investigative priority, poses a fundamental threat to our national… Cyber Crime The FBI is the lead federal agency ...

  16. Republic of Austria. Country profile.

    PubMed

    Newcomb, L C

    1985-07-01

    A summary description of Austria's demographic situation, economic conditions, labor force characteristics, housing conditions, household characteristics, and marriage patterns is provided. Austria, the former center of the Hapsburg Empire, covers 32,375 square miles and is divided into 9 provinces, including Vienna, the federal capital. Austria's population increased from 6.9 million in 1950 to 7.6 million in 1980. Since 1980 it declined slightly and in 1985 it was estimated to be 7,487,000. Between 1961-81, the industrial, western region of the country grew more rapidly than the predominantly rural eastern section of the country. Vienna, the largest city in the country, experienced a decline in population size from 1.9 million to 1.5 million since 1923. Part of the decline was due to the annihilation of the city's Jewish population in 1938. Austria has a lower urban population (56%) than most other industrialized countries. This low rate reflects the availability of tourist related jobs in the rural areas. 98% of the population is Austrian, the official language is German, and most of the inhabitants are Roman Catholic. Due to the homogeneity of the population, the country has few religious and racial problems; however, a recent study indicated that about 1/2 of the population has anti-Semetic attitudes. Life expectancy is 69 years for men and 76 years for women. Austria's population is aging. Currently, 18% of the population is under 15 years of age, and 14% is 65 years of age or older. Births are expected to increase slightly until the end of the 1900s and then decline slightly. Austrians place a high value on children and family life. Between 1978-82 the marriage rate increased from 4.5/1000 to 4.8/1000, and the median age at marriage increased from 22.4-23.0 years for women and from 25.6-25.8 years for men. The number of divorces/year increased from 11,168-14.298 between 1976-82. Currently, there are 2,767,000 households, and the average household size is 2

  17. Republic of Venezuela. Country profile.

    PubMed

    Hakkert, R

    1985-06-01

    Venezuela's current economic and demographic situation is described. Venezuela is a major oil country, and the oil industry accounts for 90% of the country's foreign exchange, 70% of the government's revenues, and 15% of the gross domestic product. The economy experienced a sudden and high rate of economic growth in the mid-1970s as a result of high oil prices; however, in recent years, declining oil prices have had a negative effect on the economy. The country is now faced with a serious trade deficit, and the government recently imposed restrictions on imports. Imports in recently years had increased markedly. The emphasis on the oil industry weakened the agricultural sector and, as a result, food imports increased. In addition, the rapid economic growth experienced during the 1970s greatly increased the demand for imported consumer goods. Venezuela has the 4th highest foreign debt in the world (US$35 billion). Despite these problems Venezuela has a relatively high per capita income (US$4,140) and living standard, compared to other countries in the region. Venezuela's total population is 14.6 million, and the population is unevenly distributed. 86% of the population lives in cities of 2500 or more. 37.4% of the population and 70% of the industry is concentrated in the Federal District which contains Caracas, and in the surrounding states of Aragua, Miranda, and Carabobo. This area constitutes only 2.36% of the country's territory. Most of the oil fields are located in the state of Zulia which also contains the country's 2nd largest city (Maracaibo). The country's coastal area contains most of the agricultural lands, and the prairies just south of the coastal mountain ranges are devoted primarily to cattle raising. The remaining 58.2% of the country's territory is essentially jungle and contains only 6.9% of the country's population. The annual population growth rate is 3.11%. Although the rate declined in recent years it is higher than in most of the other

  18. Preventing Escalation in the South China Sea Disputed Waters: A Comparative Study of Republic of the Philippines and Socialist Republic of Vietnam

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-03-01

    ESCALATION IN THE SOUTH CHINA SEA DISPUTED WATERS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES AND SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM by Askari...SOUTH CHINA SEA DISPUTED WATERS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES AND SOCIALIST REPUBUC OF VIETNAM 6. AUTHOR(S) Askari 7...PREVENTING ESCALATION IN THE SOUTH CHINA SEA DISPUTED WATERS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES AND SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM

  19. Changes in Secondary School Geography in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolforth, John

    1982-01-01

    In Germany during the 1970s, a largely descriptive and encyclopedic approach to geography instruction was replaced by a global approach which used world regions as vehicles for examining themes. The role of three instruments of curriculum change--an official syllabus, a textbook series, and a curriculum project--is examined. (Author/RM)

  20. How Democratic is the Federal Republic? The Remade Political Culture at 40.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conradt, David P.

    This document examines the definition of democracy and the political attitudes and values of the West German public and implications of these attitudes for future German politics and German-U.S. relations. The stability of postwar democracy in West Germany, it is agreed, is related to changes in the characteristics of the political culture over…

  1. World Perspective Case Descriptions on Educational Programs for Adults: Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bugl, Helmut; And Others

    This document contains the following case studies of West German adult education projects: (1) Counseling Courses in Agriculture (Bugl, Fehrenbach-Neumann); (2) The State Center for Political Education in Baden-Wurttemberg (Schiele); (3) Catholic Educational Organization Rottweil (Muller); (4) Adult Education Center--Herrenberg (Werner); (5)…

  2. 75 FR 31807 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless; Republication

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-04

    ...; (210) 395-9512; COE: Mr. Scott Whiteford, Army Corps of Engineers, Real Estate, CEMP-CR, 441 G Street...: Underutilized Comments: 9 acres Unsuitable Properties Building Alaska Bldg. 100 and 101 Long Range Radar...

  3. 3 CFR - Presidential Determination on Eligibility of the Federal Republic of Somalia To Receive Defense...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Sequestration Order for Fiscal Year 2014 Pursuant to Section 251A of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit... America, and in accordance with section 251A of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act (the... resources for fiscal year 2014 in each non-exempt budget account be reduced by the amount calculated by...

  4. How Democratic is the Federal Republic? The Remade Political Culture at 40.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conradt, David P.

    This document examines the definition of democracy and the political attitudes and values of the West German public and implications of these attitudes for future German politics and German-U.S. relations. The stability of postwar democracy in West Germany, it is agreed, is related to changes in the characteristics of the political culture over…

  5. Hydrothermal alteration of Variscan granites, southern Schwarzwald, Federal Republic of Germany

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Simon, K.

    1990-03-01

    Hercynian S-type granites from the southeastern Schwarzwald granite series represent cogenetic biotite-and two-mica granites. Oxygen- and hydrogen-isotope data show that hydrothermal alteration invoking isotopically light surface waters resulted in a drastic reduction in δ18O and δ D and pronounced disequilibrium between the minerals. Effective water-rock ratios are calculated to be high, about 0.8 vol units. A shift in the18O/16O and the chemical composition of the fluid due to water-rock interaction is continuously traced from pure H2O with meteoric isotopic character in the deep-seated biotite granites to slightly saline water with rock-equilibrated isotopic composition in the two-mica granites at a shallower level. Substantial retrograde hydrometamorphism in the temperature range 500° to 200° C resulted mineralogically in high-temperature chloritization of biotite, and low-temperature muscovitization as well as feldspar alteration, respectively. Another result of the re-equilibration of cations is strong disturbance of the Rb-Sr system which affects measured ages and initial87Sr/86Sr values. Hydrothermal differentiation and alteration probably overlap to a very large extent magmatic differentiation processes.

  6. Recurrent Education, Policy and Development in OECD Countries: Recurrent Education in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudolph, Hedwig; And Others

    This report, part of a series on the state of recurrent education in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) member countries, focuses on recurrent education in West Germany. The West German thrust for continuing adult education has come from business, industry, and the 1969 Labor Promotion Act which publicly funds…

  7. Paramilitaries in the dissolution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia: Effects on the Peace Process

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-20

    Dorset Press, 1989), 24-25; Sabrina P. Ramet and Vjeran Pavlaković, eds., Serbia since 1989: Politics and Society under Milos̆ević and after (Seattle and...University Press, 1996. Ramet, Sabrina P., and Vjeran Pavlaković, eds. Serbia since 1989: Politics and Society under 63 Milos̆ević and after

  8. Higher Education and the Labour Market in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teichler, Ulrich; Sanyal, Bikas C.

    Reviewing the trends in employment statistics and higher educational planning in postwar Western Germany, the authors emphasize the role of political policy as they trace the development of the mixed use of both market-orientation and the more traditional research-orientation in preparing higher education students for the job market. After a…

  9. Radar Symposium, 7th, Universitaet Ulm, Federal Republic of Germany, Oct. 10-12, 1989, Reports

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baur, K.

    Various papers on radar are presented. Individual topics addressed include: aspects of long-wave radiation, future NATO identification systems, experimental X-band SAR, results of first tests of the ROSAR method, concept and results of the azimuth Quick-Look Processor for the SAR aircraft, specification of an inertial navigation system for experimental SAR, detection of slowly moving targets with airborne radar, fast method for disturbance-free two-dimensional ISAR imaging, development and optimization of a coastal radar system, determination of orientation accuracy in curving trajectories, radome structures for high-frequency applications. Also discussed are: monolithically integrated GaAs switching circuits for the millimeter wave range, new pulse compression methods for periodically phase-coded signal transmission, architectures of programmable radar signal processors, evaluation of the period length of periodic signals, interactive simulation system for multisensor systems, intelligent radar data processing, knowledge-based components of a tracking system, radar signatures of highly resolving millimeter wave sensors.

  10. Evolution of Educational and Teaching Films in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greetfeld, Hans

    1979-01-01

    Chronicles the development of the educational film in Germany from 1919 through the 1970s, moving from silent to sound films and introducing the influence of television on the medium. The single concept film, the influence of curriculum development and research, and the role of video are also discussed. (RAO)

  11. The Social Welfare System in the Federal Republic of Germany. Sonderdienst Special Report No. 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neuber, Manfred, Ed.

    1988-01-01

    While West Germany is an affluent society, it is also progressive in terms of its social weflare system. This country's constitution of May, 1949, known as The Basic Law, formed the foundation of the system that simultaneously guarantees human dignity and free personal development and promotes social justice and progress. A national economic…

  12. Laser assisted processing; Proceedings of the Meeting, Hamburg, Federal Republic of Germany, Sept. 19, 20, 1988

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Laude, Lucien D.; Rauscher, Gerhard

    The use of lasers in industrial material processing is discussed in reviews and reports. Sections are devoted to high-precision laser machining, deposition methods, ablation and polymers, and synthesis and oxidation. Particular attention is given to laser cutting of steel sheets, laser micromachining of material surfaces, process control in laser soldering, laser-induced CVD of doped Si stripes on SOS and their characterization by piezoresistivity measurements, laser CVD of Pt spots on glass, laser deposition of GaAs, UV-laser photoablation of polymers, ArF excimer-laser ablation of HgCdTe semiconductor, pulsed laser synthesis of Ti silicides and nitrides, the kinetics of laser-assisted oxidation of metallic films, and excimer-laser-assisted etching of solids for microelectronics.

  13. Curriculum Development in Political Education: A Report on the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sussmuth, Hans

    1981-01-01

    Discusses the Hessian General Guidelines for Social Education and the Guidelines for Political Education of North Rhine-Westphalia which have led to curricular innovations since the mid-1970s. Also discusses advantages and limitations of integration of history, politics, and geography or history, politics, and social sciences. (KC)

  14. Recurrent Education, Policy and Development in OECD Countries: Recurrent Education in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudolph, Hedwig; And Others

    This report, part of a series on the state of recurrent education in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) member countries, focuses on recurrent education in West Germany. The West German thrust for continuing adult education has come from business, industry, and the 1969 Labor Promotion Act which publicly funds…

  15. Behavior Modification in Special Education in the Federal Republic of Germany

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barkey, Peter

    1977-01-01

    West German literature on educational behavior modification is summarized, and empirical studies of behavior modification intervention with special education students at the elementary level are surveyed. (SBH)

  16. [Population development in the Federal Republic of Germany: effects in selected life situations].

    PubMed

    Bucher, H

    1986-09-01

    The effects of demographic aging and declining fertility in West Germany are discussed. Population projections to 2030 are reviewed, and consequences for the labor force, pension schemes, economic growth, housing, and the military are examined.

  17. Higher Education and the Labour Market in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teichler, Ulrich; Sanyal, Bikas C.

    Reviewing the trends in employment statistics and higher educational planning in postwar Western Germany, the authors emphasize the role of political policy as they trace the development of the mixed use of both market-orientation and the more traditional research-orientation in preparing higher education students for the job market. After a…

  18. Uranium in stream and mineral water of the Federal Republic of Germany.

    PubMed

    Birke, Manfred; Rauch, Uwe; Lorenz, Hans

    2009-12-01

    The concentration of uranium was determined in 944 samples from stream water by the inductively coupled plasma quadrupole mass spectrometry (ICP-QMS) method and represented on a color-shaded contour map. Uranium concentrations in surface water were determined to be between 0.007 μg/l and 43.7 μg/l with median of 0.33 μg/l. The regional distribution of uranium is influenced primarily by lithological and anthropogenic factors. In Mecklenburg, northern Brandenburg, and eastern Schleswig-Holstein, elevated uranium concentrations coincide with the extent of the last Weichselian ice sheet. The maximum concentrations are observed in the surface waters of the old mining districts in the western part of the Ore Mountains and in eastern Thuringia. Elevated concentrations are found in areas of agriculturally used loess soils. These concentrations correlate with the use of phosphate fertilizers. There is a zone of elevated concentrations up to 10.0 μg U/l in the Keuper Sandstone area south of the Thuringian Forest and from northwest of Stuttgart as far as Coburg. The distribution of elevated values in mineral water shows a clear correlation with the elevated values in surface water and the geology of those locations. Bunter and Keuper strata are the most important uranium source.

  19. 77 FR 74495 - Federally Mandated Exclusions from Income: Republication of Corrected Listing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-14

    ... below. 2. Any allowance paid under the provisions of 38 U.S.C. 1805 to a child suffering from spina bifida who is the child of a Vietnam veteran. This exclusion was repealed by Public Law 106-419 in...

  20. Immigration to the Federal Republic of Germany as a demographic and social problem.

    PubMed

    Wingen, M

    1995-01-01

    "Addressing the question of immigration to Western Europe and especially to Germany from east and southeast Europe and from developing countries of the South, this article considers whether such immigration can compensate for reductions in population in developed countries. It is argued that the demographic deficits of an aging population can only be corrected to a limited extent through immigration. Any solution, in order to be effective, must include a simultaneous increase in the birthrates of Germany and other European Community countries. With particular regard to future social development in Germany and the EC, it would be advisable for governments to effect measures that will provide both for controlled admissions of immigrants from outside the EC and an increase in local reproductive capabilities." excerpt

  1. Perspectives on the Federal Republic of Germany: Past, Present, and Future

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-09-30

    Summer 1987, pp. 72-84. See also Elisabeth Noelle - Neumann and Renate Kocher in their book Der Verletzte Nation: Uber den Versuch der Deutachen ihren...Movement and the Changed Image of America in West Germany." International Security, Summer 1987, pp. 72-84. Noelle - Neumann , Elisabeth. "Do the Germans Have...A National Character?" Encounter, March 1987, pp. 68-72. 42 Noelle -Neuman, Elisebeth, and Kocher, Renate. Der Verletzte Nation: "Ober den Versuch der

  2. Activities report of the Werner-Heisenberg Institute for Physics, Munich, Federal Republic of Germany

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1990-01-01

    Theoretical research work was done in the fields of perturbative renormalization, statistical mechanics in the quantum field theory, geometrically formulated description of elementary particles, basic problems of the quantum field theory, the standard model (supersymmetry, strings), elementary particle physics and cosmology, non-relativistic particle physics, and history of physics. The Experimental Division A contributed to experiments on particle physics (CERN), on the tevatron accelerator of the Fermilab (FNAL), on the electron positron storage ring PETRA with the CELLO detector, and on the electron-positron storage ring HERA; a detector for low-energy particles was developed. The Experimental Division B contributed to the LRP project ALEPH, to the CERN SPS experiment NA 32, and to the HEGRA experiment; several detectors were developed.

  3. The workday routines of Turkish women in Federal Republic of Germany: results of a pilot study.

    PubMed

    Munscher, A

    1984-01-01

    Despite international economic crises which have pushed many immigrants out of employment, jobs that are insecure, unstable and poorly paid have become increasingly available, particularly to immigrant women, whose legal and economic insecurity forces them to accept such jobs. This is the case of Turkish women in West Germany. Even within these jobs, immigrant women are exchangeable and transferable. For women, the already narrow spectrum of available employment opportunity has become even more limited on account of restrictions, both legal and familial, on their entry into the labor force. The result of a pilot survey of Turkish women in West Germany, described in this article, finds that widespread stereotypes depict Turkish women as shy, isolated and uprooted housewives, though these characteristics do not fit all. Almost 1/3 of Turkish women are employed full time and an unknown number work part time or in household employment, which are not not registered. They are forced to take up jobs in spite of lack of child care arrangements. A split family is the rule for almost all the women. For many, especially those who are themselves heads of household, housework include "organizing management"--going to the bank, negotiating with landlords--which they have not done before. A poor knowledge of German is an additional handicap. The work at home is shared by children, but not necessarity by husbands. Their places of residence are often too small by German standards. In spite of the stress, hardship, legal and residential insecurity associated with restrictive laws, many of these women display a sense of pride in being able to fulfil what they perceive as their duties toward their families, and have gained a measure of financial independence. A strong desire to return home to Turkey is, however, hampered by several factors, which include, diminishing hopes of finding a job there, inability to save enough money to lead a financially independent life, and a fear that their children may not be able to readapt to the Turkish way of life.

  4. Young Researchers. A Competition and Its History in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zimmet, Eva; Koethe, Rainer

    In the 20 years since the inauguraion of "Jugend forscht" (Young Researchers) over 26,000 boys and girls have taken part in this annual Olympiad of young innovators. This brochure gives an insight into the diversity of themes dealt with by the "Jufos" (young researchers) and into their ability to achieve astonishing…

  5. [Structure of the domestic animal stock in the old jurisdictions of the Federal Republic of Germany].

    PubMed

    Neander, E

    1991-07-01

    After a short review of the size structure and the regional distribution of livestock holdings with cattle, pigs and poultry, the significance and distribution of those livestock holdings are presented, which according to their size and their density are excluded from certain national income compensations to German farmers because they are classified as not belonging to the farm sector proper by agricultural policy authorities. Compared to neighbouring member countries of the EC, the significance of these livestock holdings seems rather small. The introduction of the milk quota regime and the exclusion of larger livestock holdings from certain income compensations have retarded the process of structural change in livestock keeping since the middle of the 1980s. Among factors influencing the future development of the structure of livestock holdings, scientific and technical innovations in livestock breeding and husbandry as well as developments in the distribution of food will prevailingly intensify the tendencies of continuing concentration processes in livestock holdings whereas environmental legislation and agricultural price and market policies will probably counteract these tendencies.

  6. Notes on Current Planning for Higher Education in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heister, Matthias M.

    1985-01-01

    Objectives, methods, and problems of higher education planning agencies are described, and the work of the Bund-Lander-Kommission fur Bildungsplanung und Forschungsforderung is given particular emphasis. (Author/RM)

  7. World Perspective Case Descriptions on Educational Programs for Adults: Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bugl, Helmut; And Others

    This document contains the following case studies of West German adult education projects: (1) Counseling Courses in Agriculture (Bugl, Fehrenbach-Neumann); (2) The State Center for Political Education in Baden-Wurttemberg (Schiele); (3) Catholic Educational Organization Rottweil (Muller); (4) Adult Education Center--Herrenberg (Werner); (5)…

  8. Competence, Control, and Work Redesign. "Die Angestellten" in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Littek, Wolfgang; Heisig, Ulrich

    1991-01-01

    Deskilling of commercial and technical occupations in West Germany during the 1960s and 1970s was apparently a short-lived phenomenon. Since the 1970s, employers have adopted a skill-based modernization policy. Skilled administrative workers have used their qualifications as a means of influencing the process of work redesign. (SK)

  9. Soviet Political Objectives in the Federal Republic of Germany: Instruments and Assessments

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-06-01

    Erich Honecker in 1971 as the head of the East German Socialist Unity Party (SED), and began the process of normalizing relations with the West. East...missile deployments and the Soviet response) was poor, and that inter-German relations were becoming too close and unsupervised. As a result, Erich ...USSR International Affairs, Vol. III, No. 81, 25 April 1984, p. 69. 91 Fromm , Joseph. "Another Lost Cause for U.S.?" U.S. News aiud World Report, 11

  10. The Fun of Learning Starts in Kindergarten: Preschool Education in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bildung und Wissenschaft, 1989

    1989-01-01

    In our modern industrial society, kindergartens are an indispensable, independent educational facility for children. Priority is given to the all-round, comprehensive promotion of children's natural resources rather than to subject-tied programs. German educator Friedrich Frobel (1782-1852) developed the concept of kindergarten, attaching great…

  11. Siting Survey and Configuration Optimization of a New Regional Array in the Federal Republic of Germany

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-02-15

    Another maximum can be seen at 2 Hz, espe- cialy durimz night times. Whereas the 1 I Hz peak presumably ori- ginates from a local source, the 2 Hz...17:28:45 29.ON 94.8E (China) mb=4.7 GRLB SO0 N N 06.) 6. (19:16) BUI -H SO NN 07.06. (07:53) SONN GRLB B IJ 1 H 07.06b. (08:55) GPLB B ONN DUCH 07.06

  12. Media, Migrants and Marginalization: The Situation in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oepen, Manfred

    1984-01-01

    Argues that the media supply for migrants in West Germany is poor in quantity and quality and that this is due to unwillingness of German officials to concede migrants either full societal participation or integrity in cultural and communicative terms. (CMG)

  13. Protest Movements and the Security Policy of the Federal Republic of Germany Since 1950.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-12-01

    for one has only to recall the effects that other past radical German thinkers have had on society, such as Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Feuerbach...Hegel and Nietzsche . Other alternatives to INF, which include varieties of conventional defenses, and pacifist notions of unilateral withdrawals, can all

  14. Electronic Cigarette Use Among Adolescents in the Russian Federation.

    PubMed

    Kong, Grace; Idrisov, Bulat; Galimov, Artur; Masagutov, Radik; Sussman, Steve

    2017-02-23

    Information on e-cigarettes among youth in the Russian Federation is lacking. We examined prevalence of and factors associated with youth e-cigarette use in the Russian Federation. A cross-sectional, anonymous survey, conducted among 716 (females 51.5%) high school students in three cities (i.e., Ufa, Sterlitamak, Karagaevo) within the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation in 2015, assessed e-cigarette use and its correlates (i.e., sex, age, ethnicity, family structure, parents' highest degrees, antisocial behaviors, stress coping strategies, lifetime cigarette, hookah, alcohol, and marijuana use). Lifetime use of e-cigarettes was 28.6% and past-30-day use was 2.2%. Multilevel modeling showed that belonging to Tatar/Bashkir ethnicity relative to Russian ethnicity (OR = 1.60) and lifetime use of cigarettes (OR = 21.64), hookah (OR = 4.21), and alcohol (OR = 1.90) was associated with greater odds of lifetime use of e-cigarettes. Furthermore, use of social support coping strategies (i.e., utilizing parents for support) were associated with lower odds of lifetime use of e-cigarettes (OR = 0.94). Despite high lifetime e-cigarette use, past-30-day use was low. Greater knowledge of the reasons for e-cigarette discontinuation through continued surveillance is needed in the Russian Federation. Social coping strategies involving parents may inform e-cigarette use prevention.

  15. Ziele und Inhalte des Englischunterrichts in der DDR. Eine Analyse der z.Z. gueltigen Lehrplaene (Goals and Content of English Instruction in the German Democratic Republic. An Analysis of Current Teaching Plans)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ledebur, Ruth von

    1976-01-01

    In the GDR, goals in English teaching arise from political considerations. Subject matter increasingly becomes the GDR itself. English teaching is expected to increase the student's awareness of the class struggle. In speaking and reading skills also, goals differ from those in the Federal Republic. (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)

  16. Bringing the "Republic" to Life: Teaching Plato's "Republic" to First-Year Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brooks, Thom

    2008-01-01

    I have taught Plato's "Republic" for several years although seminars on this text can be difficult and pose certain challenges, most especially with first year students new to university: the ancient Greeks seem a long way from the technocratic society we live in today. More importantly, the complexity of our relationship to each other…

  17. Bringing the "Republic" to Life: Teaching Plato's "Republic" to First-Year Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brooks, Thom

    2008-01-01

    I have taught Plato's "Republic" for several years although seminars on this text can be difficult and pose certain challenges, most especially with first year students new to university: the ancient Greeks seem a long way from the technocratic society we live in today. More importantly, the complexity of our relationship to each other…

  18. Needle Federated Search Engine

    SciTech Connect

    2009-12-01

    The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has combined a number of technologies, tools, and resources to accomplish a new means of federating search results. The resulting product is a search engine called Needle, an open-source-based tool that the INL uses internally for researching across a wide variety of information repositories. Needle has a flexible search interface that allows end users to point at any available data source. A user can select multiple sources such as commercial databases (Web of Science, Engineering Index), external resources (WorldCat, Google Scholar), and internal corporate resources (email, document management system, library collections) in a single interface with one search query. In the future, INL hopes to offer this open-source engine to the public. This session will outline the development processes for making Needle™s search interface and simplifying the federation of internal and external data sources.

  19. Federalism and bioethics.

    PubMed

    Von Hagel, Alisa

    2014-01-01

    The absence of comprehensive federal oversight of human biotechnologies in the United States continues to stimulate academic discourse on the relative merits of European-style regulatory agencies as compared to the current, decentralized approach. Many American bioethicists support the latter, maintaining that the key features of federalism--policy experimentation and moral pluralism--allows for the efficient regulation of these complex and contentious issues. This paper examines state-level regulation of oocyte donation to assess claims regarding the superiority of this decentralized regulatory approach. Further, this paper introduces an additional element to this examination of state law, which concerns the degree to which the health and safety of key participants is addressed at the state level. This inquiry assesses one facet of fertility medicine and biomedical research law, oocyte donation, an analysis that can be used to inform the broader discourse regarding the regulation of human biotechnologies and bioethical issues by the states.

  20. Indochina: The Federation Factor.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-12-01

    alliances unite territorial units to form "communities" or "blocs", or confederations. Other usual features of modern alliances are: 1. They are...Revolution in Modern Vietnam. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1976. Woodside, Alexander B., Vietnam and the Chinese Model: A Comparative Study of Nguyen and...of an Indo- chinese Federation. While a trend toward greater regional associations has been observed - both historically and during the recent past

  1. Federal Interagency Geothermal Activities

    SciTech Connect

    Anderson, Arlene; Prencipe, Loretta; Todaro, Richard M.; Cuyler, David; Eide, Elizabeth

    2011-06-01

    This collaborative document describes the roles and responsibilities of key Federal agencies in the development of geothermal technologies including the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE); the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), including the U.S. Forest Service; the U.S. Department of Interior (DOI), including the United States Geological Survey (USGS) and Bureau of Land Management (BLM); the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA); and the Department of Defense (DOD).

  2. Federal Tort Claims Act

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-04-27

    reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information...312 (emphasis in original). 9 Subsequent exceptions cited in the sentence also appear in 28 U.S.C. § 2680. 10 In Dolan v. United States Postal...A Synthesis and Proposal, 28 Harvard Journal on Legislation 1 (1991); Annotation, Statute of Limitations Under Federal Tort Claims Act (28 USCS

  3. Teaching Wisdom to Interest: Book Five of Plato's "Republic"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lukes, Timothy J.; Scudder, Mary F.

    2009-01-01

    We suggest that Book Five of the "Republic", where Plato discusses the status of women in the guardian class, is a superb source of Platonic insight. For it is precisely the discussion of women that is most vulnerable to co-optation by the modern vernacular of interest, a vernacular to which the "Republic" is vehemently opposed. If students come…

  4. EAST ELEVATION, LTV STEEL (FORMERLY REPUBLIC STEEL), 8" BAR MILL, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    EAST ELEVATION, LTV STEEL (FORMERLY REPUBLIC STEEL), 8" BAR MILL, BUFFALO PLANT. VIEW LOOKING SOUTHWEST FROM ROLL SHOP. 8" BAR MILL DESIGNED AND BUILT BY DONNER STEEL CO. (PREDECESSOR OF REPUBLIC), 1919-1920. FOR DESCRIPTION OF ORIGINAL MILL SEE "IRON AGE", 116\\4 (23 JULY 1925): 201-204. - LTV Steel, 8-inch Bar Mill, Buffalo Plant, Buffalo, Erie County, NY

  5. Vocational Education and Training Reform in the Czech Republic.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).

    This report on vocational education and training (VET) in the Czech Republic consists of a condensed description of the present situation in VET and analysis of the main challenges facing VET reform in the country. Chapter 1 offers basic data on the Czech Republic. Chapter 2 describes main features of the VET system, strategic objectives for VET,…

  6. 60 FR 41113 - Honey from the People's Republic of China

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    1995-08-11

    ... COMMISSION Honey from the People's Republic of China AGENCY: United States International Trade Commission... the suspension of its antidumping investigation on honey from the People's Republic of China (China... purpose of encouraging free and fair trade in honey, establishing more normal market relations,...

  7. Staphylococcus aureus ST398, New York City and Dominican Republic

    PubMed Central

    Bhat, Meera; Dumortier, Caroline; Taylor, Barbara S.; Miller, Maureen; Vasquez, Glenny; Yunen, Jose; Brudney, Karen; Rodriguez-Taveras, Carlos; Rojas, Rita; Leon, Patricia

    2009-01-01

    Closely related Staphylococcus aureus strains of ST398, an animal-associated strain, were identified in samples collected from humans in northern Manhattan, New York, NY, USA, and in the Dominican Republic. A large population in northern Manhattan has close ties to the Dominican Republic, suggesting international transmission. PMID:19193274

  8. Forest health monitoring and forestry implications in the Czech Republic

    Treesearch

    Martin Cerny; Pavel Moravcik

    1998-01-01

    In recent years, a forest monitoring program in the Czech Republic was extended into more detailed monitoring that aimed to describe the extent of changes in forest vitality and identify the nature and the main causes of these changes on local and regional scales. Studies were undertaken in six mountain areas in the Czech Republic. The program of regional forest...

  9. Teaching Writing in the Republic of Colombia, 1800-1850

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Meri L.

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the enduring importance of handwriting in the early republic of Colombia. Colonial practice informed writing instruction but Colombians re-established it in national terms from the 1820s onward. Teaching writing became a critical tool of state formation: an ideal republic of virtuous functionaries depended on uniform…

  10. Teaching Writing in the Republic of Colombia, 1800-1850

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Meri L.

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the enduring importance of handwriting in the early republic of Colombia. Colonial practice informed writing instruction but Colombians re-established it in national terms from the 1820s onward. Teaching writing became a critical tool of state formation: an ideal republic of virtuous functionaries depended on uniform…

  11. Striving for Inclusive Education in the Czech Republic

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strnadova, Iva; Hajkova, Vanda

    2012-01-01

    Inclusive education does not have a strong history in the Czech Republic. Initial efforts to educate students with different types of disabilities within the mainstream education system in the Czech Republic date back to the mid-20th century. These efforts were primarily from parent initiatives, which in some cases resulted in ensuring that the…

  12. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Political Affairs, Republic Language Legislation.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Goskomizdat Ensure that auditoria in the republic capital and in cities of republic subordination where basic political activities are carried on, and...also the auditoria of theater and entertainment enterprises in these cities, are equipped with the technical facilities for simultaneous translation

  13. [Eimeria of cattle in the Republic of Dagestan].

    PubMed

    Usarova, E I

    2008-01-01

    Data on Eimeria (Sporozoa: Coccidia) parasitizing cattle in different regions of the Republic of Dagestan are given. Eight species of the genus were found. Eimeria zuernii, E. subspherica, and E. bovis appeared to be the dominate species. Total infestation rate in the republic is 67.7%, while in mountain regions of Dagestan in is 83%.

  14. Striving for Inclusive Education in the Czech Republic

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strnadova, Iva; Hajkova, Vanda

    2012-01-01

    Inclusive education does not have a strong history in the Czech Republic. Initial efforts to educate students with different types of disabilities within the mainstream education system in the Czech Republic date back to the mid-20th century. These efforts were primarily from parent initiatives, which in some cases resulted in ensuring that the…

  15. Main Neurosurgical Pathologies in Benin Republic

    PubMed Central

    Gandaho, Hugues Jean Thierry; Soumaila, Madougou; Hoinsou-Hans, Isaac; Djrolo, Gautier M. M.; Zevounou, Audrey A. S.; Adeleye, Amos O.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Benin republic is a very low-income French-speaking country in West Africa The development of Neurosurgery in the Republic of Benin took off with the arrival of the first Beninese neurosurgeons in the year 2003. Aims: This study aims to evaluate patients’ attendance in a public neurosurgical center, and appreciate populations’ affordability to a new specialty. Settings and Design: In the year 2004, the Benin Armed Forces established the first Department of Neurosurgery in the Nation's Military Teaching Hospital. From the public authorities, that was a proof of motivation to develop this specialty in the Benin Republic. Materials and Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional survey (September 2003 to December 2009) of the total neurosurgical patient population managed in a public pioneer hospital in a developing country. Statistical Analysis Used: Data were captured and analyzed with the SPSS software (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) and presented in descriptive statistics such as frequencies and proportions. Results: 2908 new patients, civilians, and militaries were registered. The surgical treatment was offered adult (86%) as well as pediatric (14%) patients. Spinal degenerative diseases (52.1%) were the most common pathology; neurotraumatology emergency cases (8.4%) appeared low in representation. Three-quarters of patients experienced financial difficulties to procure the required radiologic investigations and although 609 (20.94%) benefited from surgery, most patients could not pay for the surgical operations as well as the perioperative care. Conclusions: In spite of the great constraints of this country's privately-funded health-care delivery system on the affordability of neurosurgical treatment for the average Beninese, this study demonstrates a globally increasing attendance of the department. PMID:28163504

  16. Seismic Risk Assessment for the Kyrgyz Republic

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pittore, Massimiliano; Sousa, Luis; Grant, Damian; Fleming, Kevin; Parolai, Stefano; Fourniadis, Yannis; Free, Matthew; Moldobekov, Bolot; Takeuchi, Ko

    2017-04-01

    The Kyrgyz Republic is one of the most socially and economically dynamic countries in Central Asia, and one of the most endangered by earthquake hazard in the region. In order to support the government of the Kyrgyz Republic in the development of a country-level Disaster Risk Reduction strategy, a comprehensive seismic risk study has been developed with the support of the World Bank. As part of this project, state-of-the-art hazard, exposure and vulnerability models have been developed and combined into the assessment of direct physical and economic risk on residential, educational and transportation infrastructure. The seismic hazard has been modelled with three different approaches, in order to provide a comprehensive overview of the possible consequences. A probabilistic seismic hazard assessment (PSHA) approach has been used to quantitatively evaluate the distribution of expected ground shaking intensity, as constrained by the compiled earthquake catalogue and associated seismic source model. A set of specific seismic scenarios based on events generated from known fault systems have been also considered, in order to provide insight on the expected consequences in case of strong events in proximity of densely inhabited areas. Furthermore, long-span catalogues of events have been generated stochastically and employed in the probabilistic analysis of expected losses over the territory of the Kyrgyz Republic. Damage and risk estimates have been computed by using an exposure model recently developed for the country, combined with the assignment of suitable fragility/vulnerability models. The risk estimation has been carried out with spatial aggregation at the district (rayon) level. The obtained results confirm the high level of seismic risk throughout the country, also pinpointing the location of several risk hotspots, particularly in the southern districts, in correspondence with the Ferghana valley. The outcome of this project will further support the local

  17. Geologic map of the Republic of Armenia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Maldonado, Florian; Castellanos, Esther S.

    2000-01-01

    This map is a product that resulted from a project by the U.S. Agency for International Development (Participating Agency Service Agreement No. CCN-0002-P-ID-3097-00) to conduct an evaluation of coal and other fossil fuels in the Republic of Armenia. The original map has been translated to English from Russian (Marlen Satian, Academy of Sciences, Armenian Institute of Geological Sciences, written commun., 1994), digitized, and slightly modified in some areas. The original format has been modified to follow the U.S. Geological Survey's format. The map projection is not known. Latitude and longitude tics are approximately located.

  18. Republic of Iraq: A Country Study

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-04-16

    ES) 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION AIR WAR COLLEGE REPORT NUMBER 325 CHENNAULT CIRCLE Unnumbered AWC research MAXWELL AFB AL 36112-6427 D IC paper 9...its vital links to India, the Suez Canal, the Gulf and its oil interests in Iran. The British installed Faisal , a member of the Hashemite family and...installed as the new ruler. King Faisal II and Prime Minister Nuri al-Said i..ere killed in the coup. (6:27) 4 Although Iraq became a republic in July

  19. [The health system of Dominican Republic].

    PubMed

    Rathe, Magdalena; Moliné, Alejandro

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes the health conditions in Dominican Republic and the characteristics of the Dominican health system, including its structure and coverage, its financial sources, the health expenditure, the physical, material and human resources available, the stewardship functions developed by the Ministry of Public Health and the generation of health information. The participation of health care users in the operation and evaluation of the system and the most recent policy innovations, including the new General Health Law, the new Social Security Law and the Decennial Health Plan are also discussed.

  20. Renewable energy projects in the Dominican Republic

    SciTech Connect

    Viani, B.

    1997-12-01

    This paper describes a US/Dominican Republic program to develop renewable energy projects in the country. The objective is to demonstrate the commercial viability of renewable energy generation projects, primarily small-scale wind and hydropower. Preliminary studies are completed for three micro-hydro projects with a total capacity of 262 kWe, and two small wind power projects for water pumping. In addition wind resource assessment is ongoing, and professional training and technical assistance to potential investors is ongoing. Projects goals include not less than ten small firms actively involved in installation of such systems by September 1998.

  1. Forensic medicine in the German Democratic Republic.

    PubMed

    Strauch, H; Wirth, I; Geserick, G

    2004-09-10

    Forensic medicine services were resumed in the territory of the Soviet occupation zone in early summer 1945. One coherent legal system was established, following the foundation of the German Democratic Republic (GDR), 7 October 1949. Forensic medicine was subject of teaching and examinations from the very outset. Sub-specialisation (fellowship) was introduced in 1955. The Gesellschaft für Gerichtliche Medizin der DDR (GDR Society of Forensic Medicine) was established in 1967 and began to organise with high continuity a wide-ranging variety of scientific events. Almost all administrative districts had their own institute of forensic medicine by 1990.

  2. Thermal waters of the Yemen Arab Republic

    SciTech Connect

    Dowgiallo, J.

    1986-01-01

    Thermal waters (30-61/sup 0/C) occur in springs and shallow drill-holes (max. 300 m) in several areas of the Yemen Arab Republic. Their mineral content is generally low ( < 1000-2000 ppm TDS) except for waters with high CO/sub 2/ content and those directly influenced by the evaporitic Baid formation (Tertiary) in the Western Lowlands along the Red Sea. The temperature anomalies occur in areas of Quaternary basaltic volcanism (Aden formation) and in fault zones connected with the eastern margin of the Red Sea graben. In the latter zones radiogenic heat may be contributed by Tertiary granitic intrusions.

  3. Federating Metadata Catalogs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baru, C.; Lin, K.

    2009-04-01

    The Geosciences Network project (www.geongrid.org) has been developing cyberinfrastructure for data sharing in the Earth Science community based on a service-oriented architecture. The project defines a standard "software stack", which includes a standardized set of software modules and corresponding service interfaces. The system employs Grid certificates for distributed user authentication. The GEON Portal provides online access to these services via a set of portlets. This service-oriented approach has enabled the GEON network to easily expand to new sites and deploy the same infrastructure in new projects. To facilitate interoperation with other distributed geoinformatics environments, service standards are being defined and implemented for catalog services and federated search across distributed catalogs. The need arises because there may be multiple metadata catalogs in a distributed system, for example, for each institution, agency, geographic region, and/or country. Ideally, a geoinformatics user should be able to search across all such catalogs by making a single search request. In this paper, we describe our implementation for such a search capability across federated metadata catalogs in the GEON service-oriented architecture. The GEON catalog can be searched using spatial, temporal, and other metadata-based search criteria. The search can be invoked as a Web service and, thus, can be imbedded in any software application. The need for federated catalogs in GEON arises because, (i) GEON collaborators at the University of Hyderabad, India have deployed their own catalog, as part of the iGEON-India effort, to register information about local resources for broader access across the network, (ii) GEON collaborators in the GEO Grid (Global Earth Observations Grid) project at AIST, Japan have implemented a catalog for their ASTER data products, and (iii) we have recently deployed a search service to access all data products from the EarthScope project in the US

  4. 76 FR 76384 - U.S. Education Mission to Poland and Czech Republic Warsaw, Poland and Prague, Czech Republic...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-07

    ... and trade media, direct mail, notices by industry trade associations and other multiplier groups, and... International Trade Administration U.S. Education Mission to Poland and Czech Republic Warsaw, Poland and Prague, Czech Republic, April 15-19, 2012 AGENCY: International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce...

  5. Situation Report--Argentina, Colombia, Cyprus, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libyan Arab Republic, Oman, Syrian Arab Republic, and Uruguay.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

    Data relating to pupulation and family planning in nine foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Argentina, Colombia, Cyprus, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libyan Arab Republic, Oman, Syrian Arab Republic, and Uruguay. Information is provided under two topics, general background and family planning situation, where…

  6. Situation Report--Bahrain, Central African Republic, Gabon, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lesotho, Libya, Saudi Arabia, Swaziland, Syria, Yemen Arab Republic.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

    Data relating to population and family planning in twelve foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Bahrain, Central African Republic, Gabon, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lesotho, Libya, Saudi Arabia, Swaziland, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic. Information is provided, where appropriate and available, under two…

  7. Changes in the Legal System of the People’s Republic of China and the Projected Impact on National Security of the United States

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-04-01

    and how disputes would be resolved. In China, rules were prone to change without public announcement or publication . 32 The Chinese believed in guanxI ...upon which it is based, consideration is given to how United States national strategy options may be pursued relating to the People’s Republic of China...part for distribution outside the federal executive branch without permission of the Director of Research and Publications , Industrial College of the

  8. Assisted Living Federation of America

    MedlinePlus

    ... Logos Membership FAQs Advocacy Advocacy Top Trending Issues Silver PAC Federal Public Policy State Regulations and Licensing ... Argentum Member Pledge Advocacy Advocacy Top Trending Issues Silver PAC Argentum Advocates Cobb Cup Federal Public Policy ...

  9. Digitization of Cultural Heritage of Slovak Republic

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brehovská, J.; Brunčák, P.; Dedík, L.; Kravjanská, I.; Sučíková, A.

    2016-06-01

    The Monuments Board of the Slovak Republic within the Operational Programme Information Society from 2012, is digital documenting selected national cultural monuments of the Slovak Republic. Within this project 1,855 architectural objects in Slovakia has been digitized by internal component of the The Monuments Board SR and external suppliers. For measurement there were used the most modern surveying technologies - digital photogrammetry (DP) of land and aerial images and terrestrial laser scanning (TLS). The outputs of digitization are point cloud, highly detailed polygon models, orthoimages, gigapixel images and 2D drawing documentations. During the project, arose the need to process the huge number of images (thousands or tens of thousands) and also need a TLS connection to DP. For this reason, started Slovak commercial firm developing of new software which enable this processing and connection. The outcomes are unique spatial models of large architectural complexes (castles, monasteries, churches...) with high detail and accuracy up to 1 cm. Article is devoted to the project description and the method of digitization for the specific types of the cultural monuments.

  10. AIDS heterosexual predominance in the Dominican Republic.

    PubMed

    Garris, I; Rodriguez, E M; De Moya, E A; Guerrero, E; Peña, C; Puello, E; Gomez, E; Monterroso, E R; Weissenbacher, M; Vermund, S H

    1991-01-01

    AIDS surveillance data from the Dominican Republic are described for 1983-89. A positive serologic test for HIV was required, and standard clinical criteria were used for defining AIDS. There were 1,202 AIDS cases (820 men, 372 women, 10 of unknown gender) reported to the Ministry of Health, for a cumulative case rate of 17 per 100,000 persons. Rapid growth of the epidemic is noted, with 43% of the total cases reported in 1989. Heterosexual exposure accounts for 53% (593) of all cases, with a male-to-female ratio of 2.2:1, resembling a World Health Organization Pattern I/II country. Prevalence is highest in and surrounding the urbanized tourist areas of Santo Domingo and Puerto Plata and in districts with a high concentration of sugar plantation barracks, where laborers from Haiti and the Dominican Republic work and live. The distribution of AIDS cases is described by transmission exposure category, age, sex, year of diagnosis, and district. The National AIDS Surveillance Program can be improved by validation of exposure transmission categories through selected case investigation and by better reporting through training of health care providers. Surveillance data will assist in targeting future public health efforts to regions and persons at highest risk.

  11. Family therapy in the Czech Republic.

    PubMed

    Chvala, Vladislav; Trapkova, Ludmila; Novak, Tomas; Lattova, Zuzana

    2012-04-01

    Political, economic and cultural transformations in the Czech Republic after 1989 were reflected in a number of demographic indicators, including those that characterize family behaviour. The main features of these changes are declining birth and marriage rates, postponement of first marriage and first birth ages, and a growing proportion of children born outside of marriage. These changes are comparable to those that have taken place in western Europe since the 1960s; however, some of them are abrupt and cause rapid shift in the family structure. Over the last two decades, significant changes have also occurred in the organization of family therapy. Earlier less coordinated activities underwent institutionalization, and guidelines for training and supervision were established. Family therapy in the Czech Republic is covered by a national organization, the Society of Family Therapy (SOFT). Standards of training and supervision correspond to European standards. The problem remains the lack of support for family therapy from state institutions, especially in the health service. There are only a few healthcare facilities providing family therapy for the treatment of psychiatric disorders or chronic somatic diseases. The capacity of these centres is substantially inadequate.

  12. Assessment of schistosomiasis in the Dominican Republic.

    PubMed Central

    Schneider, C R; Hiatt, R A; Malek, E A; Ruiz-Tiben, E

    1985-01-01

    Active transmission of intestinal schistosomiasis is currently limited to the southeastern part of the Dominican Republic. A population-based stool survey in 1980 detected 4 asymptomatic individuals among 114 selected at random in 2 towns and a rural community in El Seibo Province. The distribution of the transmitting snail, Biomphalaria glabrata, considerably exceeds that of Schistosoma mansoni, extending to the National District and capital city of Santo Domingo and well into certain central valley provinces. There is evidence that transmission sites have shifted during the past three decades because of urban development, molluscicidal activities and, perhaps, introduction of competing mollusks. In spite of intermittent control activities, the combination of domestic and recreational use of streams with consequent fecal contamination, and the extended distribution of B. glabrata indicates that the potential for new transmission foci is as great today as it was 10 years ago. This potential transmission of S. mansoni is a continuing threat to public health in the Dominican Republic. PMID:3931167

  13. The abortion debate in the Dominican Republic.

    PubMed

    1992-01-01

    Faced with a situation in which an estimated 60,000 illegal abortions (a major cause of maternal mortality) were performed annually, the Dominican Republic has adopted a new Health Code which contains a chapter dedicated to maternal health. Included in the new code are cases in which abortion is allowed: 1) when 2 specialists affirm that the pregnancy or childbirth constitutes a risk to the mother's health or life; 2) if the medical history of the parents and 2 doctors confirm the likelihood of the baby being born seriously disabled or deformed; or 3) if the mother's mental health is put in jeopardy by continuing the pregnancy. Despite the disapproval of church representatives, the legalization of abortion was unanimously approved by the Congress. The debate which surrounded the process was increased by a petition signed by more than 260 women decrying the lack of input that women had in the decision-making process. Women's action groups have been trying to widen the context in which the political discussion is taking place to stress the importance of viewing abortion from a reproductive rights perspective. The women's groups wish to prevent a situation in which the discussion surrounding the issue will be limited to legislators and church leaders. The women have pointed out that women should make the decisions about their lives and their bodies. In the meantime, the president of the Congress predicts that illegal abortion will continue in the Dominican Republic regardless of the current provisions for legal abortion.

  14. Terrorism in Taiwan, Republic of China.

    PubMed

    Tsai, Ming-Che; Chuang, Chia-Chang; Arnold, Jeffrey; Lee, Mau-Hwa; Hsu, Sun-Chieh; Chi, Chih-Hsien

    2003-01-01

    The Republic of China on the island of Taiwan has experienced at least 20 terrorist events since 1979, including 13 aircraft hijackings and five bombings. Factors responsible for the relatively small burden of terrorism on Taiwan in the past include tight military control over political dissent until 1987, a warming relationship with the People's Republic of China in the 1990s, political inclusion of major internal cultural groups, geographic isolation, and a lack of other significant international enemies. Nevertheless, today Taiwan faces a new prospect of terrorism by adversaries of the United States and its allies and by an international paradigm shift in the types of weapons used by terrorists. National emergency management has been enhanced significantly since the Ji Ji earthquake in 1999, including the assignment of lead government agencies to the planning and preparedness for specific types of terrorist events involving nuclear, biological, and/or chemical releases. Other significant improvements at the operations level, include the establishment of two national disaster medical assistance teams, four urban search and rescue teams, 13 local disaster medical assistance teams, and eight chemical emergency response hospitals. Future challenges include improving the coordination of inter-agency response at the national level and the quantity and quality of local disaster response assets.

  15. Republic F-84 Thunderjet with Reverse Thruster

    NASA Image and Video Library

    1954-06-21

    The US Air Force loaned a Republic F-84 Thunderjet to the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) Lewis Flight Propulsion Laboratory in the spring of 1954. NACA researchers soon modified the aircraft for the first demonstration of a reverse thruster. Republic built over 4000 Thunderjets between 1947 and 1953 for the military as a successor to the Lockheed F-80 Shooting Star. TheF-84s became successful multi-use aircraft during the Korean War. The use of traditional wheel brakes on high speed aircraft was problematic because the required braking system would weigh too much. The reverse thruster was developed as a method for stopping these aircraft without increasing the overall weight. Panels in the tail section near the jet engine’s nozzle opened up during a landing. These extended flaps not only caused resistance to the airstream but also reversed the engine’s thrust. In June 1964 Irving Pinkel, head of the Lewis Physics Division, oversaw a demonstration of this technology on an F-84 at the NACA laboratory. The side fuselage panels around the engine nozzle, seen closed in this photograph, opened up like wings and deflected the engine’s thrust towards the front of the aircraft, thus producing reverse thrust. The F-84 activated the reverse thruster and the aircraft moved backwards across the runway.

  16. Eliminating the Federal Thrift Charter

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-06-01

    FDIC), the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC), the Federal Reserve , and the Office of Thrift Supervision (OTS). (See Table 1 for a list...the FDIC is the primary federal regulator for state-chartered commercial banks that are not members of the Federal Reserve System. It is also the...commercial bank regulators are the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency and the Federal Reserve . The OCC, established in 1863 by the National Currency

  17. An Xrootd Italian Federation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boccali, T.; Donvito, G.; Diacono, D.; Marzulli, G.; Pompili, A.; Della Ricca, G.; Mazzoni, E.; Argiro, S.; Gregori, D.; Grandi, C.; Bonacorsi, D.; Lista, L.; Fabozzi, F.; Barone, L. M.; Santocchia, A.; Riahi, H.; Tricomi, A.; Sgaravatto, M.; Maron, G.

    2014-06-01

    The Italian community in CMS has built a geographically distributed network in which all the data stored in the Italian region are available to all the users for their everyday work. This activity involves at different level all the CMS centers: the Tier1 at CNAF, all the four Tier2s (Bari, Rome, Legnaro and Pisa), and few Tier3s (Trieste, Perugia, Torino, Catania, Napoli, ...). The federation uses the new network connections as provided by GARR, our NREN (National Research and Education Network), which provides a minimum of 10 Gbit/s to all the sites via the GARR-X[2] project. The federation is currently based on Xrootd[1] technology, and on a Redirector aimed to seamlessly connect all the sites, giving the logical view of a single entity. A special configuration has been put in place for the Tier1, CNAF, where ad-hoc Xrootd changes have been implemented in order to protect the tape system from excessive stress, by not allowing WAN connections to access tape only files, on a file-by-file basis. In order to improve the overall performance while reading files, both in terms of bandwidth and latency, a hierarchy of xrootd redirectors has been implemented. The solution implemented provides a dedicated Redirector where all the INFN sites are registered, without considering their status (T1, T2, or T3 sites). An interesting use case were able to cover via the federation are disk-less Tier3s. The caching solution allows to operate a local storage with minimal human intervention: transfers are automatically done on a single file basis, and the cache is maintained operational by automatic removal of old files.

  18. The Federal Air Pollution Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Air Pollution Control Administration (DHEW), Washington, DC.

    Described is the Federal air pollution program as it was in 1967. The booklet is divided into these major topics: History of the Federal Program; Research; Assistance to State and Local Governments; Abatement and Prevention of Air Pollution; Control of Motor Vehicle Pollution; Information and Education; and Conclusion. Federal legislation has…

  19. Schooling in a Federal State.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manley-Casimir, Michael E.

    1980-01-01

    Applying the concept of "neighborhood effects" to education in a federal state such as Canada permits the argument for federal presence in public schooling. Includes four sets of examples of neighborhood effects that meet criteria specified for federal action. Notes five differences between Canadian and American public education.…

  20. The Federal Role in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Paul T.

    2000-01-01

    In this paper, the author discusses the federal role in education, which raises fundamental questions about how federal programs affect the schools. He suggests principles for a new federal role and shows how government policies have made schools more formal and complex; engineered political pressures that distorted schools' operations and…