Science.gov

Sample records for aashto lrfd specifications

  1. Correlation of shear design between AASHTO LRFD bridge design specifications and AASHTO Guide Specifications for the LRFD Seismic Bridge Design.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2017-01-05

    This report presents the analytical study of the shear capacity of reinforced concrete columns using both the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications and the AASHTO Guide Specifications for the LRFD Seismic Bridge Design. The study investigates vari...

  2. Designing timber highway bridge superstructures using AASHTO?LRFD specifications

    Treesearch

    James P. Wacker; James S. Groenier

    2007-01-01

    The allowable-stress design methodology that has been used for decades to design timber bridge superstructures is being replaced in the near future. Beginning in October 2007, bridge designers will be required by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) to utilize the Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) design specifications published by the American Association...

  3. Synthesis and evaluation of lightweight concrete research relevant to the AASHTO LRFD bridge design specifications : potential revisions for definition and mechanical properties.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2012-11-01

    Much of the fundamental basis for the current lightweight concrete provisions in the AASHTO LRFD Bridge : Design Specifications is based on research of lightweight concrete (LWC) from the 1960s. The LWC that was : part of this research used tradition...

  4. Synthesis and evaluation of lightweight concrete research relevant to the AASHTO LRFD bridge design specifications : identification of articles for further evaluation and potential revision.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2012-11-01

    Much of the fundamental basis for the current lightweight concrete provisions in the AASHTO LRFD Bridge : Design Specifications is based on research of lightweight concrete (LWC) from the 1960s. The LWC that was : part of this research used tradition...

  5. The impact of the AASHTO LRFD design code on bridge stiffness and strength : Part 1 : methods and design comparisons.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2007-01-01

    The Commonwealth of Virginia is currently transitioning from the long-used AASHTO Allowable Stress Design (ASD) specification to AASHTO's Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) specification. The new specification features revised live loads, more ...

  6. Software for AASHTO LRFD combined shear and torsion computations using modified compression field theory and 3D truss analogy.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2011-10-01

    The shear provisions of the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications (2008), as well as the simplified : AASHTO procedure for prestressed and non-prestressed reinforced concrete members were investigated and compared : to their equivalent ACI 318-08 ...

  7. Software for AASHTO LRFD combined shear and torsion computations using modified compression field theory and 3D truss analogy : technical summary.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2011-10-01

    The shear provisions of the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications (2008), as well as the simplified AASHTO procedure for prestressed and non-prestressed reinforced concrete members were investigated and compared to their equivalent ACI 318-08 prov...

  8. Assessment of current AASHTO LRFD methods for static pile capacity analysis in Rhode Island soils.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2013-07-01

    This report presents an assessment of current AASHTO LRFD methods for static pile capacity analysis in Rhode : Island soils. Current static capacity methods and associated resistance factors are based on pile load test data in sands : and clays. Some...

  9. Improved LRFD/LRFR specifications for permit and fatigue load truck.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2011-01-01

    Bridge design and evaluation are moving toward the American Association of State Highway and Transportation : Officials (AASHTO) load and resistance factor design/load and resistance factor rating (LRFD/LRFR) : specifications using calibrated truck l...

  10. Update of bridge design standards in Alabama for AASHTO LRFD seismic design requirements.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2013-11-01

    The Alabama Department of Transportation (ALDOT) has been required to update their bridge design to the LRFD Bridge Design Specifications. This transition has resulted in changes to the seismic design standards of bridges in the state. Multiple bridg...

  11. UDOT calibration of AASHTO's new prestress loss design equations.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2009-07-01

    In the next edition of the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications the procedure to calculate prestress losses will change dramatically. The new equations are empirically based on high performance concrete from four states (Nebraska, New Hampshire, ...

  12. UDOT's calibration of AASHTO's new prestress loss design equations.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2009-07-01

    In the next edition of the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications the procedure to calculate prestress losses will change dramatically. The new equations are empirically based on high performance concrete from four states (Nebraska, New Hampshire, ...

  13. Influence of the new LRFD seismic guidelines on the design of bridges in Virginia.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2004-01-01

    The Virginia Department of Transportation is currently using the AASHTO Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges, with some modifications, for its seismic highway bridge design. In April 2001, the Recommended LRFD Guidelines for the Seismic Design...

  14. Calibration of region-specific gates equation for LRFD.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2014-02-01

    The objectives of this research are to recalibrate the FHWA-modi ed Gates equation : and update the associated LRFD resistance factor for pile types and local soil conditions : encountered in Louisiana. This research is consistent with FHWA recomm...

  15. Project 2d: Calibration of Load and Resistance Factors in LRFD Foundation Design Specifications

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2011-02-01

    This report summarizes the findings and recommendations on the impact of foundation settlements on the reliability of bridge superstructures. As a : collaborative effort of an overall initiative for the development of LRFD foundation design specifica...

  16. Calibration of load and resistance factors in LRFD foundation design specifications

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2011-02-01

    This report summarizes the findings and recommendations on the impact of foundation settlements on the reliability of bridge superstructures. As a collaborative effort of an overall initiative for the development of LRFD foundation design specificati...

  17. Calibration of the live load factor in LRFD design guidelines.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2010-09-01

    The Load and Resistant Factor Design (LRFD) approach is based on the concept of structural reliability. The approach is : more rational than the former design approaches such as Load Factor Design or Allowable Stress Design. The LRFD : Specification ...

  18. Performance and capacity assessment of reinforced concrete bridge piers considering the current load and resistance factor design provisions and plastic hinge length in Kansas : [technical summary].

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2014-05-01

    Kansas Department of Transportation (KDOT) has implemented the new AASHTO : LRFD provisions in the state specific LRFD design procedure (KDOT-LRFD). There : have been some significant updates in new version of AASHTO-LRFD (2010), compared : to previo...

  19. Calibration of the live load factor in LRFD design guidelines : [revised].

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2011-07-01

    The Load and Resistant Factor Design (LRFD) approach is based on the concept of structural reliability. The approach is : more rational than the former design approaches such as Load Factor Design or Allowable Stress Design. The LRFD : Specification ...

  20. Comparison of various methods to determine bulk specific gravity of cores : an investigation of high values using AASHTO T275 - paraffin-coated method.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2012-07-01

    A report from a MoDOT asphalt paving project was that unexpected results were obtained when adhering to the standard for determination of bulk specific gravity of compacted asphalt mixture (Gmb) specimens, AASHTO T 166. The test method requires speci...

  1. Performance and capacity assessment of reinforced concrete bridge piers considering the current load and resistance factor design provisions and plastic hinge length in Kansas.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2014-05-01

    Kansas Department of Transportation (KDOT) has implemented the new AASHTO-LRFD provisions in the state specific : LRFD design procedure (KDOT LRFD). Most of the existing bridges constructed before the new provisions, have been designed : based on the...

  2. Electronic automation of LRFD design programs.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2010-03-01

    The study provided electronic programs to WisDOT for designing pre-stressed girders and piers using the Load : Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) methodology. The software provided is intended to ease the transition to : LRFD for WisDOT design engineers...

  3. Multimedia package for LRFD concrete bridge design.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2009-02-01

    This Project developed a Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) multimedia package to provide a practical introduction and an in-depth understanding of the technological advances in the design of concrete bridges. This package can be used to train ...

  4. Effect of portland cement (current ASTM C150/AASHTO M85) with limestone and process addition (ASTM C465/AASHTO M327) on the performance of concrete for pavement and bridge decks.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2014-02-01

    The Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT) is making several changes to concrete mix designs, using revisions to : cement specification ASTM C150/AASHTO M85 and ASTM C465/AASHTO M327. These proposed revisions will enable the : use of more susta...

  5. AASHTO connected vehicle infrastructure deployment analysis.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2011-06-17

    This report describes a deployment scenario for Connected Vehicle infrastructure by state and local transportation agencies, together with a series of strategies and actions to be performed by AASHTO to support application development and deployment.

  6. Appendix B : small beam tests.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2013-03-01

    The AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications (2007) require that confinement : reinforcement be placed around prestressing strands in the bottom bulb of pretensioned concrete : beams. Although the AASHTO specifications contain prescriptive requiremen...

  7. Traffic and data preparation for AASHTO MEPDG analysis and designs.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2011-10-01

    "The Mechanistic Empirical Pavement Design Guide (MEPDG) and the : subsequent AASHTO product DARWin-ME are signifi cant advancements in : pavement design. However, they are substantially more complex than the : 1993 AASHTO Guide, which is currently u...

  8. Recalibration of the GRLWEAP LRFD resistance factor for Oregon DOT.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2011-02-01

    The Bridge Section of the Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT) is responsible for the design of all bridge structures and routinely uses GRLWEAP for controlling pile driving stresses and establishing capacity from the bearing graph. The LRFD re...

  9. Calibration of Resistance Factors Needed in the LRFD Design of Drilled Shafts

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2010-09-01

    The first report on Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) calibration of driven piles in Louisiana (LTRC Final Report 449) was : completed in May 2009. As a continuing effort to implement the LRFD design methodology for deep foundations in Louisia...

  10. Calibration of resistance factors needed in the LRFD design of drilled shafts.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2010-09-01

    The first report on Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) calibration of driven piles in Louisiana (LTRC Final Report 449) was completed in May 2009. As a continuing effort to implement the LRFD design methodology for deep foundations in Louisiana...

  11. Calibration of resistance factors needed in the LRFD design of drilled shafts.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2010-09-01

    The first report on Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) calibration of driven piles in Louisiana (LTRC Final Report 449) was : completed in May 2009. As a continuing effort to implement the LRFD design methodology for deep foundations in Louisia...

  12. AASHTO mechanistic-empirical pavement design guide parametric study.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2012-03-01

    This study focuses on assessing the robustness of the AASHTO Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design Guide (MEPDG v 1.1) for rigid pavement : design projects in Wisconsin. The primary tasks conducted in this study included performing sensitivity analys...

  13. AASHTO transportation asset management guide : a focus on implementation executive summary.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2013-06-01

    This AASHTO Transportation Asset Management Executive Summary serves as a companion to the AASHTO Transportation : Asset Management GuideA Focus on Implementation, which takes as a starting point the Transportation : Asset Management Guide publish...

  14. Improved guidance for users of the 1993 AASHTO flexible pavement design procedures : LTPP TechBrief

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    1997-08-01

    A key design challenge faced by engineers using the 1993 AASHTO Guide for Design of Pavement Structures (AASHTO Guide) is the determination of appropriate design parameters for the subgrade and pavement materials. The Long-Term Pavement Performance (...

  15. Comparison of AASHTO moisture sensitivity test (T-283) with Connecticut Department of Transportation modified test method

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    1999-08-01

    Several different interpretations of the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials' (AASHTO's) Moisture Sensitivity Test exist. The official AASHTO interpretation of this test method does not account for water which has been ...

  16. Seismic Design Considerations : Volume I, Technical Approaches and Results; Volume II, Appendices II-VIII

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2012-03-01

    NJDOT has adopted AASHTO Guide Specifications for LRFD Seismic Bridge Design approved by the Highway : Subcommittee on Bridges and Structures in 2007. The main objective of research presented in this report has : been to resolve following issue...

  17. Structural design parameters of current WSDOT mixtures.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2013-06-01

    The AASHTO LRFD, as well as other design manuals, has specifications that estimate the structural performance of a concrete mixture with regard to compressive strength, tensile strength, and deformation-related properties such as the modulus of elast...

  18. Appendix G : end region design models.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2013-03-01

    The 2007 AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications contain prescriptive : requirements for the quantity and placement of confinement reinforcement located in the bottom : flange of pretensioned concrete I-girders. This chapter proposes a rational mode...

  19. Rock mass classification system : transition from RMR to GSI.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2013-11-01

    The AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications is expected to replace the rock mass rating : (RMR) system with the Geological Strength Index (GSI) system for classifying and estimating : engineering properties of rock masses. This transition is motivat...

  20. Analysis of large truck collisions with bridge piers : phase 1, report of guidelines for designing bridge piers and abutments for vehicle collisions.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2010-05-01

    The American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) Load and : Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) Bridge Design Specifications require that abutments and piers located : within a distance of 30.0 ft of the edge of the road...

  1. Effects of increasing the allowable compressive stress at release on the shear strength of prestressed concrete girders.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2008-09-01

    In recent years, several research projects have been conducted to study the feasibility of increasing the allowable : compressive stress in concrete at prestress transfer, currently defined as 0.60f'ci in the AASHTO LRFD Bridge : Design Specification...

  2. Implementation of LRFD geotechnical design for deep foundations using Texas Cone Penetrometer (TCP) test.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2015-09-01

    This study provides resistance factors (I) for design of deep foundations to implement Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) for bridge foundations using Texas Cone Penetrometer (TCP) Test data. Initial efforts were made to determine resistance fa...

  3. Development of LRFD resistance factors for mechanically stabilized earth (MSE) walls : [technical summary].

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2013-12-01

    Bridge approach embankments and many other : transportation-related applications make use of : reinforced earth retaining structures. Mechanically : Stabilized Earth (MSE) walls are designed under : the Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) : meth...

  4. Calibration of resistance factors needed in the LRFD design of driven piles.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2009-05-01

    This research project presents the calibration of resistance factors for the Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) method of driven : piles driven into Louisiana soils based on reliability theory. Fifty-three square Precast-Prestressed-Concrete (P...

  5. Calibration of Resistance Factors Needed in the LRFD Design of Driven Piles

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2009-05-01

    This research project presents the calibration of resistance factors for the Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) method of driven : piles driven into Louisiana soils based on reliability theory. Fifty-three square Precast-Prestressed-Concrete (P...

  6. Development of LRFD resistance factors for mechanically stabilized earth (MSE) walls.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2013-12-01

    Over 100 centrifuge tests were conducted to assess Load and Resistance Factor : Design (LRFD) resistance factors for external stability of Mechanically Stabilized Earth (MSE) walls : founded on granular soils. In the case of sliding stability, the te...

  7. LRFD Resistance Factor Calibration for Axially Loaded Drilled Shafts in the Las Vegas Valley

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2016-07-19

    Resistance factors for LRFD of axially loaded drilled shafts in the Las Vegas Valley are calibrated using data from 41 field load tests. In addition to the traditional implementation of Monte Carlo (MC) simulations for calibration, a more robust tech...

  8. Designing timber bridge superstructures : a comparison of U.S. and Canadian bridge codes.

    Treesearch

    James Scott Groenier; James P. Wacker

    2008-01-01

    Several changes relating to timber bridges have been incorporated into the AASHTO-LRFD Bridge Design Specifications recently. In addition, the Federal Highway Administration is strongly encouraging an LRFD-based design approach for all new bridges in the United States. The Bridge Design Code in Canada was one of the first to adopt the limit states design philosophy,...

  9. Modification of LRFD resistance factors based on site variability : final report, November 2009.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2009-11-01

    Current practice by the Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), and American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO) for deep foundation design is to use a constant load and resistanc...

  10. Development of variable LRFD \\0x03C6 factors for deep foundation design due to site variability.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2012-04-01

    The current design guidelines of Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) specifies constant values : for deep foundation design, based on analytical method selected and degree of redundancy of the pier. : However, investigation of multiple sites in ...

  11. Development of variable LRFD \\0x03C6 factors for deep foundation design due to site variability [summary].

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2012-01-01

    Both the Florida Department of Transportation : (FDOT) and the Federal Highway Administration : (FHWA) specify use of fixed resistance factors () : for Load and Resistance Factored Design (LRFD) of : deep foundations, depending on design approach :...

  12. Design of overlays for flexible pavements based on AASHTO road test data.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    1978-01-01

    The need for a suitable method of designing the thickness of overlays and predicting the performance of the overlaid pavement has recently been recognized. The AASHTO Road Tests included studies on 99 overlays, but they failed to produce conclusive r...

  13. Engineering properties of stabilized subgrade soils for implementation of the AASHTO 2002 pavement design guide.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2009-06-01

    A comprehensive laboratory study was undertaken to determine engineering properties of cementitiously stabilized common subgrade soils in Oklahoma for the design of roadway pavements in accordance with the AASHTO 2002 Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement D...

  14. Implementation of the AASHTO mechanistic-empirical pavement design guide for Colorado.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2000-01-01

    The objective of this project was to integrate the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design Guide, Interim Edition: A Manual of Practice and its accompanying software into the d...

  15. Implementation of the new AASHTO pavement design procedure in Louisiana : final report.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    1990-06-01

    This study was undertaken to provide the LA DOTD with an implementation package to facilitate adoption of the new AASHTO Guide for Design of Pavement Structures. The study included evaluation of design parameters for rigid and flexible pavements, inc...

  16. Implementation of the 2002 AASHTO design guide for pavement structures in KDOT

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2008-11-01

    The AASHTO Guide for the Design of Pavement Structures is the primary document used by state highway agencies to design new and rehabilitated highway pavements. Currently the Kansas Department of Transportation (KDOT) uses the 1993 edition of the AAS...

  17. Re-Evaluation of the AASHTO-Flexible Pavement Design Equation with Neural Network Modeling

    PubMed Central

    Tiğdemir, Mesut

    2014-01-01

    Here we establish that equivalent single-axle loads values can be estimated using artificial neural networks without the complex design equality of American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO). More importantly, we find that the neural network model gives the coefficients to be able to obtain the actual load values using the AASHTO design values. Thus, those design traffic values that might result in deterioration can be better calculated using the neural networks model than with the AASHTO design equation. The artificial neural network method is used for this purpose. The existing AASHTO flexible pavement design equation does not currently predict the pavement performance of the strategic highway research program (Long Term Pavement Performance studies) test sections very accurately, and typically over-estimates the number of equivalent single axle loads needed to cause a measured loss of the present serviceability index. Here we aimed to demonstrate that the proposed neural network model can more accurately represent the loads values data, compared against the performance of the AASHTO formula. It is concluded that the neural network may be an appropriate tool for the development of databased-nonparametric models of pavement performance. PMID:25397962

  18. Re-evaluation of the AASHTO-flexible pavement design equation with neural network modeling.

    PubMed

    Tiğdemir, Mesut

    2014-01-01

    Here we establish that equivalent single-axle loads values can be estimated using artificial neural networks without the complex design equality of American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO). More importantly, we find that the neural network model gives the coefficients to be able to obtain the actual load values using the AASHTO design values. Thus, those design traffic values that might result in deterioration can be better calculated using the neural networks model than with the AASHTO design equation. The artificial neural network method is used for this purpose. The existing AASHTO flexible pavement design equation does not currently predict the pavement performance of the strategic highway research program (Long Term Pavement Performance studies) test sections very accurately, and typically over-estimates the number of equivalent single axle loads needed to cause a measured loss of the present serviceability index. Here we aimed to demonstrate that the proposed neural network model can more accurately represent the loads values data, compared against the performance of the AASHTO formula. It is concluded that the neural network may be an appropriate tool for the development of databased-nonparametric models of pavement performance.

  19. Laboratory study of concrete properties to support implementation of the new AASHTO mechanistic-empirical pavement design guide.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2012-09-01

    Properties of concrete embodying materials typically used in Wisconsin paving projects were evaluated in support of future : implementation of the AASHTO Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design Guide (MEPDG). The primary concrete : properties studied w...

  20. Laboratory study of concrete properties to support implementation of the new AASHTO mechanistic empirical pavement design guide.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2012-09-01

    Properties of concrete embodying materials typically used in Wisconsin paving projects were evaluated in support of future : implementation of the AASHTO Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design Guide (MEPDG). The primary concrete : properties studied w...

  1. Use of the 1993 AASHTO Guide, MEPDG and historical performance to update the WSDOT Pavement Design Catalog.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2011-09-01

    "This report describes the preparation of a revised pavement thickness design catalog for the Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT) using the 1993 American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) Guide, the ...

  2. Development of LRFD design procedures for bridge piles in Iowa : field testing of steel H-piles in clay, sand, and mixed soils and data analysis (volume II).

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2011-09-01

    In response to the mandate on Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) implementations by the Federal Highway Administration : (FHWA) on all new bridge projects initiated after October 1, 2007, the Iowa Highway Research Board (IHRB) sponsored these r...

  3. Development of LRFD procedures for bridge pile foundations in Iowa - volume III : recommended resistance factors with consideration of construction control and setup.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2012-02-01

    The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) mandated utilizing the Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) approach for all new bridges initiated in the United States after October 1, 2007. As a result, there has been a progressive move among state De...

  4. High strength reinforcing steel bars : low-cycle fatigue behavior : final report - part B.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2017-03-01

    High-strength steel (HSS) reinforcing steel, specifically ASTM A706 Grade 80 (550), is now permitted by the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications for use in reinforced concrete bridge components in non-seismic regions. Using Grade 80 (550) reinfor...

  5. High Strength Reinforcing Steel Bars : Concrete Shear Friction Interface : final report : Part A.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2017-03-01

    High-strength steel (HSS) reinforcement, specifically ASTM A706 Grade 80 (550), is now permitted by the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications for use in reinforced concrete bridge components in non-seismic regions. Using Grade 80 (550) steel reinf...

  6. High strength reinforcing steel bars : concrete shear friction interface : final report : Part A.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2017-03-01

    High-strength steel (HSS) reinforcement, specifically ASTM A706 Grade 80 (550), is now permitted by the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications for use in reinforced concrete bridge components in non-seismic regions. Using Grade 80 (550) steel reinf...

  7. High strength reinforcing steel bars : low cycle fatigue behavior : final report - part B.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2017-03-01

    High-strength steel (HSS) reinforcing steel, specifically ASTM A706 Grade 80 (550), is now permitted by the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications for use in reinforced concrete bridge components in non-seismic regions. Using Grade 80 (550) reinfor...

  8. Design of mechanically stabilized earth wall connections and end of walls subjected to seismic loads.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2014-01-01

    The 4th Edition of the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications requires all states to design for a 1,000- : year return period earthquake, as opposed to earlier editions 500-year return period. In response to this : requirement, the Colorado Depa...

  9. Statistical analysis of weigh-in-motion data for bridge design in Vermont.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2014-10-01

    This study investigates the suitability of the HL-93 live load model recommended by AASHTO LRFD Specifications : for its use in the analysis and design of bridges in Vermont. The method of approach consists in performing a : statistical analysis of w...

  10. Managing Florida's fracture critical bridges - phases 1 and 2 : final report.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2016-05-01

    Based on the definition given in the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, twin steel box-girder bridges are : classified as bridges with fracture critical members (FCMs), in which a failure of a tension member is expected to : lead to a collapse...

  11. Comprehensive evaluation of fracture critical bridges.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2014-02-01

    Two-girder steel bridges are classified as fracture critical bridges based on the definition given in the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications. In a fracture critical bridge a failure of a tension member leads to collapse of the bridge. However, ...

  12. Development of a simplified flexible pavement design protocol for New York State Department of Transportation based on the AASHTO mechanistic-empirical pavement design guide : final report.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2017-01-01

    The New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) has used the AASHTO 1993 Design Guide for the design of new flexible pavement structures for more than two decades. The AASHTO 1993 Guide is based on the empirical design equations developed fr...

  13. Modeling Heat and Moisture Transport in Steam-Cured Mortar: Application to Aashto Type Vi Beams.

    PubMed

    Hernández-Bautista, E; Sandoval-Torres, S; de J Cano-Barrita, P F; Bentz, D P

    2017-10-01

    During steam curing of concrete, temperature and moisture gradients are developed, which are difficult to measure experimentally and can adversely affect the durability of concrete. In this research, a model of cement hydration coupled to moisture and heat transport was used to simulate the process of steam curing of mortars with water-to-cement ( w/c ) ratios by mass of 0.30 and 0.45, considering natural convection boundary conditions in mortar and concrete specimens of AASHTO Type VI beams. The primary variables of the model were moisture content, temperature, and degree of hydration. Moisture content profiles of mortar specimens (40 mm in diameter and 50 mm in height) were measured by magnetic resonance imaging. The degree of hydration was obtained by mass-based measurements of loss on ignition to 1000 °C. The results indicate that the model correctly simulates the moisture distribution and degree of hydration in mortar specimens. Application of the model to the steam curing of an AASHTO Type VI beam indicates temperature differences (between the surface and the center) higher than 20 °C during the cooling stage, and internal temperatures higher than 70 °C that may compromise the durability of the concrete.

  14. Calibration of region-specific gates pile driving formula for LRFD : final report 561.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2016-05-01

    This research project proposes new DOTD pile driving formulas for pile capacity verification using pile driving blow : counts obtained at either end-of-initial driving (EOID) or at the beginning-of-restrike (BOR). The pile driving : formulas were dev...

  15. Advanced bridge safety initiative, task 3 : slab bridge load rating using AASHTO methodology and finite element analysis - an analysis of 20 bridges.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2011-12-01

    Current AASHTO provisions for the conventional load rating of flat slab bridges rely on the equivalent strip method : of analysis for determining live load effects, this is generally regarded as overly conservative by many professional : engineers. A...

  16. 23 CFR 625.4 - Standards, policies, and standard specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...) Pavement Design, refer to 23 CFR part 626. (b) Bridges and structures. (1) Standard Specifications for... TRAFFIC OPERATIONS DESIGN STANDARDS FOR HIGHWAYS § 625.4 Standards, policies, and standard specifications.... (a) Roadway and appurtenances. (1) A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets, AASHTO 2001...

  17. 23 CFR 625.4 - Standards, policies, and standard specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...) Pavement Design, refer to 23 CFR part 626. (b) Bridges and structures. (1) Standard Specifications for... TRAFFIC OPERATIONS DESIGN STANDARDS FOR HIGHWAYS § 625.4 Standards, policies, and standard specifications.... (a) Roadway and appurtenances. (1) A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets, AASHTO 2001...

  18. 23 CFR 625.4 - Standards, policies, and standard specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...) Pavement Design, refer to 23 CFR part 626. (b) Bridges and structures. (1) Standard Specifications for... TRAFFIC OPERATIONS DESIGN STANDARDS FOR HIGHWAYS § 625.4 Standards, policies, and standard specifications.... (a) Roadway and appurtenances. (1) A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets, AASHTO 2001...

  19. 23 CFR 625.4 - Standards, policies, and standard specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...) Pavement Design, refer to 23 CFR part 626. (b) Bridges and structures. (1) Standard Specifications for... TRAFFIC OPERATIONS DESIGN STANDARDS FOR HIGHWAYS § 625.4 Standards, policies, and standard specifications.... (a) Roadway and appurtenances. (1) A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets, AASHTO 2001...

  20. 23 CFR 625.4 - Standards, policies, and standard specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...) Pavement Design, refer to 23 CFR part 626. (b) Bridges and structures. (1) Standard Specifications for... TRAFFIC OPERATIONS DESIGN STANDARDS FOR HIGHWAYS § 625.4 Standards, policies, and standard specifications.... (a) Roadway and appurtenances. (1) A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets, AASHTO 2001...

  1. Correlation between Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (WDXRF) analysis of hardened concrete for chlorides vs. Atomic Absorption (AA) analysis in accordance with AASHTO T- 260; sampling and testing for chloride ion in concrete and concrete raw mater

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2014-04-01

    A correlation between Wavelength Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence(WDXRF) analysis of Hardened : Concrete for Chlorides and Atomic Absorption (AA) analysis (current method AASHTO T-260, procedure B) has been : found and a new method of analysis has been ...

  2. Embedded data collector (EDC) phase II load and resistance factor design (LRFD) : [summary].

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2015-07-01

    Piles that support bridge structures are designed for the specific site characteristics and loads : that the piles are expected to bear. In Florida, driven piles are monitored during installation : (dynamically tested) to assess resistance, com...

  3. Development of recommended resistance factors for drilled shafts in weak rocks based on o-cell tests.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2010-03-01

    From October 1, 2007, the new bridges on federal-aid funded projects are mandated to be designed to meet : American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) Load and Resistance Factor Design : (LRFD) Bridge Design Specificat...

  4. High skew link slab bridge system with deck sliding over backwall or backwall sliding over abutments : appendices.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2011-09-01

    AASHTO LRFD (2010) requires combined live and thermal load effects for the service : limit state design. The Design Procedure described in the appendix will follow the : rationale developed by Ulku et al. (2009). Link slab design moments are calculat...

  5. Development of recommended resistance factors for drilled shafts in weak rocks based on o-cell tests : [technical summary].

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2010-03-01

    Since October 1st 2007, federal-funded projects including new bridges have been mandated to be designed to meet American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) Bridge Design Specifi...

  6. Geotechnical LFRD calculations of settlement and bearing capacity of GDOT shallow bridge foundations and retaining walls.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2016-08-09

    The AASHTO codes for Load Resistance Factored Design (LRFD) regarding shallow bridge foundations : and walls have been implemented into a set of spreadsheet algorithms to facilitate the calculations of bearing : capacity and footing settlements on na...

  7. Reliability-based evaluation of bridge components for consistent safety margins.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2010-10-01

    The Load and Resistant Factor Design (LRFD) approach is based on the concept of structural reliability. The approach is more : rational than the former design approaches such as Load Factor Design or Allowable Stress Design. The LRFD Specification fo...

  8. Evaluation of long-term prestress losses in post-tensioned box-girder bridges.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2011-03-01

    Most of the recent highway bridges built in California have post-tensioned, cast-in-place, concrete box-girder superstructures rigidly connected to bridge columns. However, methods provided in the current (2007 and 2010) AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Spe...

  9. Dynamic Load on Continuous Multi-Lane Bridge Deck from Moving Vehicles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    ZHU, X. Q.; LAW, S. S.

    2002-04-01

    The dynamic loading on a multi-lane continuous bridge deck due to vehicles moving on top at a constant velocity is investigated. The bridge is modelled as a multi-span continuous orthotropic rectangular plate with line rigid intermediate supports. The vehicle is simulated as a two-axle three-dimensional vehicle model with seven degrees of freedom according to the H20-44 vehicle design loading (AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications 1998 American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials [1]). The dynamic behavior of the bridge deck under single and several vehicles moving in different lanes is analyzed using the orthotropic plate theory and modal superposition technique. The dynamic loading is studied in terms of the dynamic impact factor of the bridge deck. The impact factor is found varying in an opposite trend as the dynamic responses for the different loading cases under study.

  10. Simultaneous Detection and Classification of Acoustic Emissions in Integrated Diagnostics with Yield in Aluminum

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Parmar, Devendra

    2006-04-01

    Acoustic emission (AE) experiments were conducted on a strained aluminum (10 cm x 9 cm x 0.25 cm) specimen. Studies were conducted with the goal to characterize AE associated with material yield developed due to high loading and to correlate the course of the yield with AE signals. The American Association of State Highway and Transport Officials (AASHTO) listed aluminum as one of the structural components of highway brides^1 with unit weight of 2800 kg.m-3. The specimen, mounted on the load frame, was held on each end by the wedge grips and was electromechanically tested in a tension mode at rates of extension of 0.0333 mm/s and 0.0666 mm/s. Load was applied to the test frame via moving cross heads. A load transducer (load cell) mounted in series with the specimen measured the applied load by converting it into an electrical signal. Results are analyzed using defect zone model in which location of the defect is determined from the measurement of the arrival time of the signal at two different sensors placed at strategically around the source of emission from the test object. The sensor that detects the signal first is identified to be in the defect zone. ^1AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, 1994.

  11. Implementation of the AASHTO Highway Safety Manual

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2012-08-01

    This report outlines a cost-effective and thoughtful way to implement the Highway Safety Manual (HSM) in Alabama. : The HSM was published by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, and it was prepared by the Transporta...

  12. AASHTO research : making strides for highway safety.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2014-01-01

    State DOTs are committed to using research and innovation to deliver more efficient and safer transportation systems. The projects on these pages are a few among many that exemplify the high return on transportation research investments. The State Pl...

  13. Fatigue risks in the connections of sign support structures : [technical brief].

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2013-07-01

    The latest edition of the AASHTO design specifications (AASHTO 2001) introduced provisions for fatigue design. However, many structures presently in service were designed before fatigue provisions were part of the design specifications. The fatigue d...

  14. Assessment of limestone blended cements for transportation applications : final report.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2017-09-01

    This research assessed the applicability of Type IL cements satisfying AASHTO M 240 specifications for use in transportation applications in place of Type I/II cements which satisfy AASHTO M 85 specifications for construction of transportation struct...

  15. Validation and implementation of bridge design specifications for barge impact loading.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2014-07-01

    Since 1991 in the United States, the design of highway bridges to resist collisions by errant waterway vessels has been carried out : in accordance with design provisions published by AASHTO. These provisions have remained largely unchanged for more ...

  16. A Brillouin smart FRP material and a strain data post processing software for structural health monitoring through laboratory testing and field application on a highway bridge

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bastianini, Filippo; Matta, Fabio; Galati, Nestore; Nanni, Antonio

    2005-05-01

    Strain and temperature sensing obtained through frequency shift evaluation of Brillouin scattered light is a technology that seems extremely promising for Structural Health Monitoring (SHM). Due to the intrinsic distributed sensing capability, Brillouin can measure the deformation of any individual segment of huge lengths of inexpensive single-mode fiber. In addition, Brillouin retains other typical advantages of Fiber Optic Sensors (FOS), such as harsh environment durability and interference rejection. Despite these advantages, the diffusion of Brillouin for SHM is constrained by different factors, such as the high equipment cost, the commercial unavailability of specific SHM oriented fiber products and even some prejudices on the required sensitivity performances. In the present work, a complete SHM pilot application was developed, installed and successfully operated during a diagnostic load test on the High Performance Steel (HPS) bridge A6358 located at the Lake of the Ozarks (Miller County, MO, USA). Four out of five girders were extensively instrumented with a "smart" Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) tape having embedded fibers for strain sensing and thermal compensation. Data collected during a diagnostic load test were elaborated through a specific post-processing software, and the strain profiles retrieved were compared to traditional strain gauges and theoretical results based on the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications for structural assessment purposes. The excellent results obtained confirm the effectiveness of Brillouin SHM systems for the monitoring of real applications.

  17. Refinement of Strut-and-Tie Model for Reinforced Concrete Deep Beams

    PubMed Central

    Panjehpour, Mohammad; Chai, Hwa Kian; Voo, Yen Lei

    2015-01-01

    Deep beams are commonly used in tall buildings, offshore structures, and foundations. According to many codes and standards, strut-and-tie model (STM) is recommended as a rational approach for deep beam analyses. This research focuses on the STM recommended by ACI 318-11 and AASHTO LRFD and uses experimental results to modify the strut effectiveness factor in STM for reinforced concrete (RC) deep beams. This study aims to refine STM through the strut effectiveness factor and increase result accuracy. Six RC deep beams with different shear span to effective-depth ratios (a/d) of 0.75, 1.00, 1.25, 1.50, 1.75, and 2.00 were experimentally tested under a four-point bending set-up. The ultimate shear strength of deep beams obtained from non-linear finite element modeling and STM recommended by ACI 318-11 as well as AASHTO LRFD (2012) were compared with the experimental results. An empirical equation was proposed to modify the principal tensile strain value in the bottle-shaped strut of deep beams. The equation of the strut effectiveness factor from AASHTTO LRFD was then modified through the aforementioned empirical equation. An investigation on the failure mode and crack propagation in RC deep beams subjected to load was also conducted. PMID:26110268

  18. Development of multimedia resource and short courses for LRFD design.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2011-03-01

    Multimedia technology is an essential instrument in the development of graduate engineers. This : multimedia package provides an exclusive background and an in-depth understanding of the new : technological advances in the design of concrete, steel a...

  19. Development of a real-time bridge structural monitoring and warning system: a case study in Thailand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khemapech, I.; Sansrimahachai, W.; Toachoodee, M.

    2017-04-01

    Regarded as one of the physical aspects under societal and civil development and evolution, engineering structure is required to support growth of the nation. It also impacts life quality and safety of the civilian. Despite of its own weight (dead load) and live load, structural members are also significantly affected by disaster and environment. Proper inspection and detection are thus crucial both during regular and unsafe events. An Enhanced Structural Health Monitoring System Using Stream Processing and Artificial Neural Network Techniques (SPANNeT) has been developed and is described in this paper. SPANNeT applies wireless sensor network, real-time data stream processing and artificial neural network based upon the measured bending strains. Major contributions include an effective, accurate and energy-aware data communication and damage detection of the engineering structure. Strain thresholds have been defined according to computer simulation results and the AASHTO (American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials) LRFD (Load and Resistance Factor Design) Bridge Design specifications for launching several warning levels. SPANNeT has been tested and evaluated by means of computer-based simulation and on-site levels. According to the measurements, the observed maximum values are 25 to 30 microstrains during normal operation. The given protocol provided at least 90% of data communication reliability. SPANNeT is capable of real-time data report, monitoring and warning efficiently conforming to the predefined thresholds which can be adjusted regarding user's requirements and structural engineering characteristics.

  20. Evaluation of seismic design spectrum based on UHS implementing fourth-generation seismic hazard maps of Canada

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahmed, Ali; Hasan, Rafiq; Pekau, Oscar A.

    2016-12-01

    Two recent developments have come into the forefront with reference to updating the seismic design provisions for codes: (1) publication of new seismic hazard maps for Canada by the Geological Survey of Canada, and (2) emergence of the concept of new spectral format outdating the conventional standardized spectral format. The fourth -generation seismic hazard maps are based on enriched seismic data, enhanced knowledge of regional seismicity and improved seismic hazard modeling techniques. Therefore, the new maps are more accurate and need to incorporate into the Canadian Highway Bridge Design Code (CHBDC) for its next edition similar to its building counterpart National Building Code of Canada (NBCC). In fact, the code writers expressed similar intentions with comments in the commentary of CHBCD 2006. During the process of updating codes, NBCC, and AASHTO Guide Specifications for LRFD Seismic Bridge Design, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington (2009) lowered the probability level from 10 to 2% and 10 to 5%, respectively. This study has brought five sets of hazard maps corresponding to 2%, 5% and 10% probability of exceedance in 50 years developed by the GSC under investigation. To have a sound statistical inference, 389 Canadian cities are selected. This study shows the implications of the changes of new hazard maps on the design process (i.e., extent of magnification or reduction of the design forces).

  1. Traffic load spectra development for the 2002 AASHTO design guide.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2004-12-30

    Accurate knowledge of traffic volumes and loading is essential to structural pavement design and performance. : Underestimation of design traffic can result in premature pavement failures and excessive rehabilitation costs. : Overestimation can resul...

  2. Specification Reformulation During Specification Validation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Benner, Kevin M.

    1992-01-01

    The goal of the ARIES Simulation Component (ASC) is to uncover behavioral errors by 'running' a specification at the earliest possible points during the specification development process. The problems to be overcome are the obvious ones the specification may be large, incomplete, underconstrained, and/or uncompilable. This paper describes how specification reformulation is used to mitigate these problems. ASC begins by decomposing validation into specific validation questions. Next, the specification is reformulated to abstract out all those features unrelated to the identified validation question thus creating a new specialized specification. ASC relies on a precise statement of the validation question and a careful application of transformations so as to preserve the essential specification semantics in the resulting specialized specification. This technique is a win if the resulting specialized specification is small enough so the user my easily handle any remaining obstacles to execution. This paper will: (1) describe what a validation question is; (2) outline analysis techniques for identifying what concepts are and are not relevant to a validation question; and (3) identify and apply transformations which remove these less relevant concepts while preserving those which are relevant.

  3. Military specifications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Reynolds, Philip

    1987-01-01

    The current situation relative to the military specification is that there is not one specific model of turbulence which people are using. Particular disagreement exists on how turbulence levels will vary with qualitative analysis. It does not tie one down to specifics. When it comes to flying quality specifications, many feel that one should stay with the definitions of the Cooper-Harper rating scale but allow the levels to shift depending on the level of turbulence. There is a ride quality specification in the MIL-SPEC having to do with flight control systems design that is related to a turbulence model. This spec (MIL-F8785C) and others are discussed.

  4. Miscellaneous wood structures

    Treesearch

    Michael A. Ritter; Keith F. Faherty

    1999-01-01

    This section addresses the design of two types of glulam timber bridges : beam bridges with transverse decks and longitudinal glulam deck (slab) bridges. The material presented in the section is based on the 1992 edition of the AASHTO Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges (AASHTO specifications), including interim specifications through 1993. When specific design...

  5. Building Specifications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1978-01-01

    The building in the top photo is the new home of the National Permanent Savings Bank in Washington, D.C., designed by Hartman-Cox Architects. Its construction was based on a money-saving method of preparing building specifications which derived from NASA technology developed to obtain quality construction while holding down cost of launch facilities, test centers and other structures. Written technical specifications spell out materials and components to be used on construction projects and identify the quality tests each item must pass. Specifications can have major impact on construction costs. Poorly formulated specifications can lead to unacceptable construction which must be replaced, unnecessarily high materials costs, safety hazards, disputes and often additional costs due to delays and litigation. NASA's Langley Research Center developed a novel approach to providing accurate, uniform, cost-effective specifications which can be readily updated to incorporate new building technologies. Called SPECSINTACT, it is a computerized - system accessible to all NASA centers involved in construction programs. The system contains a comprehensive catalog of master specifications applicable to many types of construction. It enables designers of any structure to call out relevant sections from computer storage and modify them to fit the needs of the project at hand. Architects and engineers can save time by concentrating their efforts on needed modifications rather than developing all specifications from scratch. Successful use of SPECSINTACT has led to a number of spinoff systems. One of the first was MASTERSPEC, developed from NASA's experience by Production Systems for Architects and Engineers, Inc., an organization established by the American Institute of Architects. MASTERSPEC, used in construction of the bank building pictured, follows the same basic format as SPECSINTACT and can be used in either automated or manual modes. The striking appearance of the bank

  6. Specifying Specification.

    PubMed

    Paulo, Norbert

    2016-03-01

    This paper tackles the accusation that applied ethics is no serious academic enterprise because it lacks theoretical bracing. It does so in two steps. In the first step I introduce and discuss a highly acclaimed method to guarantee stability in ethical theories: Henry Richardson's specification. The discussion shows how seriously ethicists take the stability of the connection between the foundational parts of their theories and their further development as well as their "application" to particular problems or cases. A detailed scrutiny of specification leads to the second step, where I use insights from legal theory to inform the debate around stability from that point of view. This view reveals some of specification's limitations. I suggest that, once specification is sufficiently specified, it appears astonishingly similar to deduction as used in legal theory. Legal theory also provides valuable insight into the functional range of deduction and its relation to other forms of reasoning. This leads to a richer understanding of stability in normative theories and to a smart division of labor between deduction and other forms of reasoning. The comparison to legal theory thereby provides a framework for how different methods such as specification, deduction, balancing, and analogy relate to one another.

  7. Specific Suspicion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Kelley R.

    2009-01-01

    This article discusses a recent case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court which highlights the importance of having specific suspicions of misbehavior before conducting a strip search. The case involves an eighth-grade female student who was being strip-searched by a middle school assistant principal, a school nurse, and an administrative assistant…

  8. Safety Identifying of Integral Abutment Bridges under Seismic and Thermal Loads

    PubMed Central

    Easazadeh Far, Narges; Barghian, Majid

    2014-01-01

    Integral abutment bridges (IABs) have many advantages over conventional bridges in terms of strength and maintenance cost. Due to the integrity of these structures uniform thermal and seismic loads are known important ones on the structure performance. Although all bridge design codes consider temperature and earthquake loads separately in their load combinations for conventional bridges, the thermal load is an “always on” load and, during the occurrence of an earthquake, these two important loads act on bridge simultaneously. Evaluating the safety level of IABs under combination of these loads becomes important. In this paper, the safety of IABs—designed by AASHTO LRFD bridge design code—under combination of thermal and seismic loads is studied. To fulfill this aim, first the target reliability indexes under seismic load have been calculated. Then, these analyses for the same bridge under combination of thermal and seismic loads have been repeated and the obtained reliability indexes are compared with target indexes. It is shown that, for an IAB designed by AASHTO LRFD, the indexes have been reduced under combined effects. So, the target level of safety during its design life is not provided and the code's load combination should be changed. PMID:25405232

  9. Assessment of high early strength limestone blended cement for next generation transportation structures : final report.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2016-12-01

    This research on Type IL cements for high early strength concretes demonstrated that Type IL cements satisfying AASHTO M 240 specifications may be used in place of Type I/II cements which satisfy AASHTO M 85 specifications for construction of transpo...

  10. Intent Specifications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Leveson, Nancy G.

    1995-01-01

    We have been investigating the implications of using abstractions based on intent rather than the aggregation and information-hiding abstractions commonly used in software en- gineering: Cognitive psychologists have shown that intent abstraction is consistent with human problem-solving processes. We believe that new types of specifications and designs based on this concept can assist in understanding and specifying requirements, capturing the most important design rationale information in an efficient and economical way, and supporting the process of identifying and analyzing required changes to minimize the introduction of errors. The goal of hierarchical abstraction is to allow both top-down and bottom-up reasoning about a complex system. In computer science, we have made much use of (1) part-whole abstractions where each level of a hierarchy represents an aggregation of the components at a lower level and of (2) information-hiding abstractions where each level contains the same conceptual information but hides some details about the concepts, that is, each level is a refinement of the information at a higher level.

  11. Specific phobias.

    PubMed

    Hamm, Alfons O

    2009-09-01

    Exposure based treatments in which patients are systematically confronted with their feared objects of situations are highly effective in the treatment of specific phobias and produce stable improvement both in reported fear and behavioral avoidance. Exposure in reality is more effective in most cases than exposure in sensu. For situations that are difficult to realize, exposure in virtual environments has become increasingly valuable. Exposure in vivo is clearly superior to pharmacotherapy, although cognitive enhancers have been successfully used recently to increase the effect of exposure therapy. The induction of relaxation is not a necessary precondition for exposure therapy. Rather the current mechanisms of change focus on extinction learning as being the central mechanism both on a cognitive level namely that the feared object is no longer associated with severely threatening consequence but also on an affective level, meaning that feared cue is no longer capable to activate the fear circuit in the brain. Accordingly future diagnostic categorizations of phobic disorders in the DSM-V should rather focus on the pattern of the fear response that needs to be changed than on the eliciting cues or situations that are avoided.

  12. Railing systems for use on timber deck bridges

    Treesearch

    Ronald K. Faller; Michael A. Ritter; Barry T. Rosson; Sheila R. Duwadi

    1999-01-01

    Bridge railing systems in the United States have historically been designed based on static load criteria given in the AASHTO Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges. In the past decade, full-scale vehicle crash testing has been recognized as a more appropriate and reliable method of evaluating bridge railing acceptability. In 1989. AASHTO published the Guide...

  13. Rating precast prestressed concrete bridges for shear

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2008-12-01

    Shear capacity of real-world prestressed concrete girders designed in the 1960s and 1970s is a concern because : AASHTO Standard Specifications (AASHTO-STD) employed the quarter-point rule for shear design, which is less : conservative for shea...

  14. An Experimental Study of Elastomeric Bridge Bearings with Design Recommendations

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    1995-10-01

    Recent AASHTO specifications have placed a number of restrictions on the use of elastomeric bridge bearings. Elastomeric bearings with tapers built in to accommodate span end elevation differences were disallowed by the most current specifications ev...

  15. Bridge removal plan requirements.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2011-04-15

    This report provides resources that detail specifications and guidelines related to bridge removal plans across the : United States. We have organized the information into three sections: : ! National Guidance : Includes language from AASHTO specific...

  16. LRFD software for design and actual ultimate capacity of confined rectangular columns : [technical summary].

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2013-04-01

    Columns are considered the most critical elements in structures. The unconfined analysis for columns is well established in the literature. Structural design codes dictate reduction factors for safety. It wasnt until very recently that design spec...

  17. LRFD software for design and actual ultimate capacity of confined rectangular columns.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2013-04-01

    The analysis of concrete columns using unconfined concrete models is a well established practice. On the : other hand, prediction of the actual ultimate capacity of confined concrete columns requires specialized nonlinear : analysis. Modern codes and...

  18. Upgrade of axially loaded pile-soil modeling with the implementation of LRFD design procedure.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2012-02-01

    This report and the accompanying computer code (Software, WBUZPILE) describe the : characterization and analysis of piles under axial loads. A combination of different formulas : obtained from ALDOT long time experience along with fundamental equatio...

  19. Embedded data collector (EDC) phase II load and resistance factor design (LRFD).

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2015-09-01

    A total of 16 static load test results was collected in Florida and Louisiana. New static load tests on five test piles : in Florida (four of which were voided) were monitored with Embedded Data Collector (EDC) instrumentation and : contributed to th...

  20. Probabilistic model of bridge vehicle loads in port area based on in-situ load testing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Deng, Ming; Wang, Lei; Zhang, Jianren; Wang, Rei; Yan, Yanhong

    2017-11-01

    Vehicle load is an important factor affecting the safety and usability of bridges. An statistical analysis is carried out in this paper to investigate the vehicle load data of Tianjin Haibin highway in Tianjin port of China, which are collected by the Weigh-in- Motion (WIM) system. Following this, the effect of the vehicle load on test bridge is calculated, and then compared with the calculation result according to HL-93(AASHTO LRFD). Results show that the overall vehicle load follows a distribution with a weighted sum of four normal distributions. The maximum vehicle load during the design reference period follows a type I extremum distribution. The vehicle load effect also follows a weighted sum of four normal distributions, and the standard value of the vehicle load is recommended as 1.8 times that of the calculated value according to HL-93.

  1. Behavior and design of large structural concrete bridge pier overhangs.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    1997-02-01

    In designing large cantilever bent caps for use on recent projects under current AASHTO design specifications, : designers were faced with considerable uncertainties. Questions arose when designers attempted to satisfy : both serviceability and stren...

  2. Design of overhead VMS structures for fatigue loads.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2011-07-31

    The 2001 edition of the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) : Standard Specifications for Structural Supports for Highway Signs, Luminaires and Traffic Signals has been : revised in its entirety through a major...

  3. A static analysis method for barge-impact design of bridges with consideration of dynamic amplification : final report, November 2009.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2009-11-01

    Current practice with regard to designing bridge structures to resist impact loads associated with barge collisions relies upon the : use of the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) bridge design specifications....

  4. Bottom flange reinforcement in NU I-girders.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2010-08-01

    "The 1996 edition of AASHTO Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges stated that nominal confinement reinforcement be placed to enclose prestressing steel in the bottom flange of bridge girders from girder ends to at least a distance eq changed th...

  5. Overload truck wheel load distribution on bridge decks.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2009-04-01

    There is a need to accurately analyze the load effects on bridge decks from permitted overload trucks on : Michigans roads. The AASHTO Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges, 17th edition, provides a : distribution width of live loads when re...

  6. Optimizing Mississippi aggregates for concrete bridge decks.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2012-12-01

    AASHTO M 43 Standard Specification for Sizes of Aggregate for Road and Bridge Construction : addresses particle size distribution of material included in various maximum nominal size aggregates. This : particle size distribution requires additi...

  7. Feasibility of tubular fender units for pier protection against vessel collision.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2008-08-01

    Vessel collisions with bridges are increasing at an alarming rate, as heavy vessels are making more frequent trips under more bridges. In the US, rigorous design of bridges for vessel collision was first incorporated by AASHTO Guide Specification and...

  8. Heat-curved girders : deflections and camber loss during and subsequent to bridge construction.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    1982-01-01

    The present AASHTO bridge design specifications require that additional camber be built into steel girders that are to be heat curved. The additional camber is provided to allow for subsequent losses due to the dissipation of residual stresses impose...

  9. Quick test for durability factor estimation.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2010-03-01

    The Missouri Department of Transportation (MoDOT) is considering the use of the AASHTO T 161 Durability Factor (DF) as an endresult : performance specification criterion for evaluation of paving concrete. However, the test method duration can exceed ...

  10. Bridge inspector's manual for movable bridges.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    1977-01-01

    Importance of Inspection-Movable bridges are built to the rigid specifications : of such groups as the American Association of State Highway and : Transportation Officials (AASHTO), the American Road Builders Association : (ARBA) and Underwriters Lab...

  11. Live load rating of short span highway bridges as controlled by the exterior girder.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    1977-01-01

    The 1973 AASHTO Standard Specifications for Highway Bridge introduced the requirement that "In no case shall an exterior stringer have less carrying capacity than an interior stringer." This statement resulted from the concern that many original exte...

  12. Urine specific gravity test

    MedlinePlus

    ... medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003587.htm Urine specific gravity test To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Urine specific gravity is a laboratory test that shows the concentration ...

  13. Investigation of proposed AASHTO rut test procedure using the Asphalt Pavement Analyzer.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2006-01-01

    The Virginia Department of Transportation uses the Asphalt Pavement Analyzer with beam specimens to test and approve asphalt mixtures for rut resistance. Some agencies use cylindrical specimens that impart distinct testing advantages such as the ease...

  14. Resilient modulus for New Hampshire subgrade soils for use in mechanistic AASHTO design

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    1999-09-01

    Resilient modulus tests were conducted on five subgrade soils commonly found in the state of New Hampshire. Tests were conducted on samples prepared at optimum density and moisture content. To determine the effective resilient modulus of the various ...

  15. Characterization of Wisconsin mixture low temperature properties for the AASHTO mechanistic-empirical pavement design guide.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2011-12-01

    This research evaluated the low temperature creep compliance and tensile strength properties of Wisconsin mixtures. : Creep compliance and tensile strength data were collected for 16 Wisconsin mixtures representing commonly used : aggregate sources a...

  16. Traffic and data preparation for AASHTO DARWin-ME analysis and design.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2015-02-01

    Pavement ME Design (MEPDG/DARWin-ME) is a significant advancement in pavement design, but : requires much more inputs from various sources. Through the transportation pooled fund study TPF- : 5(242), a full-production software Prep-ME with comprehens...

  17. Calibration of the AASHTO pavement design guide to South Carolina conditions - phase I : final report.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2016-07-20

    The primary objective of this research was to identify existing historical data (i.e., climate, traffic, : pavement design information, material properties, and pavement performance) within the SCDOT for use : in the local calibration of the Mechanis...

  18. Assessment of AASHTO M 364 type II and type IV joint sealers.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2014-11-01

    To address the issue of water infiltration and debris retention, bituminous crack sealers and fillers have been : developed to help prevent premature pavement distress. If applied appropriately, crack sealers and fillers can : significantly extend th...

  19. AASHTO, 26 other groups urge lawmakers not to divert user fees in climate and energy legislation

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2010-04-01

    In a letter to three senators who are crafting climate change legislation, the American Association of the State Highway and Transportation Officials along with 26 other groups urged the lawmakers to resist diverting funding derived from fuel taxes t...

  20. Road map for implementing the AASHTO pavement ME design software for the Idaho Transportation Department.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2014-04-01

    This report provides a Road Map for implementing the AASHTOWare Pavement ME Design software for the Idaho Transportation Department (ITD). The Road Map calls for a series of three stages: Stage 1 - Immediate, Stage 2 - Near Term, and Stage 3 - Future...

  1. Hot mix asphalt (HMA) characterization for the 2002 AASHTO design guide.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2008-09-30

    The two study objectives were to conduct dynamic modulus and APA rutting tests of selected Mississippi HMA mixtures. A total of twenty-five mixtures were tested including aggregate combinations of gravel and gravel/limestone; 9.5mm, 12.5mm and 19.0mm...

  2. Traffic load spectra development for the 2002 AASHTO pavement design guide

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2004-12-30

    Accurate knowledge of traffic volumes and loading is essential to structural pavement design and performance. Underestimation of design traffic can result in premature pavement failures and excessive rehabilitation costs. Overestimation can result in...

  3. Strain limits for concrete filled steel tubes in AASHTO seismic provisions.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2013-08-01

    Reinforced concrete filled steel tubes (RCFSTs) are commonly used as bridge pipe piles in high seismic regions. The pipe piles in high : seismic regions. The pipe-piles consist of reinforced concrete encased in a steel tube. The steel tube is used as...

  4. Traffic and data preparation for AASHTO DARWin-ME analysis and design : [tech summary].

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2015-02-01

    Although the Mechanistic Empirical Pavement Design Guide (MEPDG), now called Pavement ME Design, is a signi cant advancement : in pavement design, it requires much more input from designers. Many data sets, such as weigh-in-motion (WIM) tra c d...

  5. Prototype Facility Educational Specifications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Idaho State Div. of Professional-Technical Education, Boise.

    This document presents prototypical educational specifications to guide the building and renovation of Idaho vocational schools so they can help communities meet the advanced, professional-technical programs of the future. The specifications start with points to consider when determining school site suitability. The document then sets forth…

  6. SALIVA SPECIFIC GRAVITY.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    Four experiments were carried out to investigate the effect of flow rate on parotid fluid specific gravity at different levels of stimulation and to...compare parotid fluid to submaxillo-sublingual fluid in this regard. A strong positive correlation was found between parotid flow rate and specific

  7. Point specificity in acupuncture

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    The existence of point specificity in acupuncture is controversial, because many acupuncture studies using this principle to select control points have found that sham acupoints have similar effects to those of verum acupoints. Furthermore, the results of pain-related studies based on visual analogue scales have not supported the concept of point specificity. In contrast, hemodynamic, functional magnetic resonance imaging and neurophysiological studies evaluating the responses to stimulation of multiple points on the body surface have shown that point-specific actions are present. This review article focuses on clinical and laboratory studies supporting the existence of point specificity in acupuncture and also addresses studies that do not support this concept. Further research is needed to elucidate the point-specific actions of acupuncture. PMID:22373514

  8. Specificity in cancer immunotherapy.

    PubMed

    Schietinger, Andrea; Philip, Mary; Schreiber, Hans

    2008-10-01

    From the earliest days in the field of tumor immunology three questions have been asked: do cancer cells express tumor-specific antigens, does the immune system recognize these antigens and if so, what is their biochemical nature? We now know that truly tumor-specific antigens exist, that they are caused by somatic mutations, and that these antigens can induce both humoral and cell-mediated immune responses. Because tumor-specific antigens are exclusively expressed by the cancer cell and are often crucial for tumorigenicity, they are ideal targets for anti-cancer immunotherapy. Nevertheless, the antigens that are targeted today by anti-tumor immunotherapy are not tumor-specific antigens, but antigens that are normal molecules also expressed by normal tissues (so-called "tumor-associated" antigens). If tumor-specific antigens exist and are ideal targets for immunotherapy, why are they not being targeted? In this review, we summarize current knowledge of tumor-specific antigens: their identification, immunological relevance and clinical use. We discuss novel tumor-specific epitopes and propose new approaches that could improve the success of cancer immunotherapy, especially for the treatment of solid tumors.

  9. Strengthening materials specifications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sampath, K.

    2005-10-01

    Continuing efforts to strengthen materials specifications readily recognize that a mere compliance with a materials specification only assures a material meeting or exceeding the minimum expectations explicitly detailed in the specification. Implicitly, such efforts also recognize that additional and specific client needs must be addressed as supplementary requirements and introduced during material procurement to reduce risks and assure enhanced performance. This article describes two U.S. Navy-related case studies that allowed further strengthening of the materials specification process, using newer methods and renewed understanding. The first case demonstrates the use of a constraints-based modeling approach to specify the chemical composition of high-performance welding electrodes for critical U.S. Navy applications. This approach helps to distinguish high-performance welding electrode chemical compositions from rich and lean welding electrode chemical compositions that might limit the operational envelope, reduce performance, or both, while increasing overall cost of fabrication but otherwise meet electrode specification requirements. The second case identifies that the size of an ingot could be an important factor while specifying the aluminum and sulfur contents of very large-size, heavy-gauge plates. Renewed understanding of melt fluidity issues associated with the solidification of very large-size ingots shows that deficiencies in through-thickness ductility of heavy-gauge plates are related to controlling aluminum and sulfur contents of the voluminous melt, notwithstanding explicit compliance with specification requirements.

  10. Requirements Specification Document

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    1996-04-26

    The System Definition Document identifies the top level processes, data flows, : and system controls for the Gary-Chicago-Milwaukee (GCM) Corridor Transportation Information Center (C-TIC). This Requirements Specification establishes the requirements...

  11. Construction and material specification

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2002-01-01

    These Construction and Material Specifications are written to the Bidder before award of the : Contract and to the Contractor after award of the Contract. The sentences that direct the Contractor to perform Work are written as commands. For example, ...

  12. Interface Control Specification

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    1996-06-12

    The Requirements Specification Document (#9933.04) identifies the overall system level requirements of the Gary-Chicago-Milwaukee (GCM) Corridor Transportation Information Center (C-TIC). This document provides details about the data and control flow...

  13. Temporary stabilization specification improvements.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2014-09-01

    Seed variety performance data for establishing temporary vegetative cover was collected at four Illinois locations : at four planting seasons. Current Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT) standard specifications call for a : mixture of perenn...

  14. Improved Simplified Methods for Effective Seismic Analysis and Design of Isolated and Damped Bridges in Western and Eastern North America

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koval, Viacheslav

    The seismic design provisions of the CSA-S6 Canadian Highway Bridge Design Code and the AASHTO LRFD Seismic Bridge Design Specifications have been developed primarily based on historical earthquake events that have occurred along the west coast of North America. For the design of seismic isolation systems, these codes include simplified analysis and design methods. The appropriateness and range of application of these methods are investigated through extensive parametric nonlinear time history analyses in this thesis. It was found that there is a need to adjust existing design guidelines to better capture the expected nonlinear response of isolated bridges. For isolated bridges located in eastern North America, new damping coefficients are proposed. The applicability limits of the code-based simplified methods have been redefined to ensure that the modified method will lead to conservative results and that a wider range of seismically isolated bridges can be covered by this method. The possibility of further improving current simplified code methods was also examined. By transforming the quantity of allocated energy into a displacement contribution, an idealized analytical solution is proposed as a new simplified design method. This method realistically reflects the effects of ground-motion and system design parameters, including the effects of a drifted oscillation center. The proposed method is therefore more appropriate than current existing simplified methods and can be applicable to isolation systems exhibiting a wider range of properties. A multi-level-hazard performance matrix has been adopted by different seismic provisions worldwide and will be incorporated into the new edition of the Canadian CSA-S6-14 Bridge Design code. However, the combined effect and optimal use of isolation and supplemental damping devices in bridges have not been fully exploited yet to achieve enhanced performance under different levels of seismic hazard. A novel Dual-Level Seismic

  15. Sports-specific injuries.

    PubMed

    Plancher, K D; Minnich, J M

    1996-04-01

    Injuries to the upper extremities can happen in any sport. Injury patterns are common to specific sports. Understanding which injuries occur with these sports allows the examiner to diagnose and treat the athlete easily. This article reviews some of the injuries common in sports such as bicycling, golf, gymnastics, martial arts, racquet sports, and weightlifting.

  16. Facilities Specifications Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Athletic Business, 2000

    2000-01-01

    Provides line drawings of indoor and outdoor sporting fields reflecting the specifications and dimensional standards of each, including where additional information can be found. Sporting events from badminton, baseball, and basketball to lacrosse, swimming/diving, and volleyball are addressed. (GR)

  17. Task-specific Dystonias

    PubMed Central

    Torres-Russotto, Diego; Perlmutter, Joel S.

    2009-01-01

    Task-specific dystonias are primary focal dystonias characterized by excessive muscle contractions producing abnormal postures during selective motor activities that often involve highly skilled, repetitive movements. Historically these peculiar postures were considered psychogenic but have now been classified as forms of dystonia. Writer’s cramp is the most commonly identified task-specific dystonia and has features typical of this group of disorders. Symptoms may begin with lack of dexterity during performance of a specific motor task with increasingly abnormal posturing of the involved body part as motor activity continues. Initially, the dystonia may manifest only during the performance of the inciting task, but as the condition progresses it may also occur during other activities or even at rest. Neurological exam is usually unremarkable except for the dystonia-related abnormalities. Although the precise pathophysiology remains unclear, increasing evidence suggests reduced inhibition at different levels of the sensorimotor system. Symptomatic treatment options include oral medications, botulinum toxin injections, neurosurgical procedures, and adaptive strategies. Prognosis may vary depending upon body part involved and specific type of task affected. Further research may reveal new insights into the etiology, pathophysiology, natural history, and improved treatment of these conditions. PMID:18990127

  18. Specific Job Competencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seattle Community Coll. District, Washington.

    This document consists of 12 separate folders each listing a set of job competencies for a specific occupation or function area (e.g. television, wood construction) that is the subject of vocational and technical education courses at the middle and high school level in the Seattle (Washington) Public Schools Vocational/Technical Education…

  19. IDC System Specification Document.

    SciTech Connect

    Clifford, David J.

    2014-12-01

    This document contains the system specifications derived to satisfy the system requirements found in the IDC System Requirements Document for the IDC Reengineering Phase 2 project. Revisions Version Date Author/Team Revision Description Authorized by V1.0 12/2014 IDC Reengineering Project Team Initial delivery M. Harris

  20. Specifications for Thesaurus Software.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milstead, Jessica L.

    1991-01-01

    Presents specifications for software that is designed to support manual development and maintenance of information retrieval thesauri. Evaluation of existing software and design of custom software is discussed, requirements for integration with larger systems and for the user interface are described, and relationships among terms are discussed.…

  1. Sport-specific balance.

    PubMed

    Zemková, Erika

    2014-05-01

    This review includes the latest findings based on experimental studies addressing sport-specific balance, an area of research that has grown dramatically in recent years. The main objectives of this work were to investigate the postural sway response to different forms of exercise under laboratory and sport-specific conditions, to examine how this effect can vary with expertise, and to provide examples of the association of impaired balance with sport performance and/or increasing risk of injury. In doing so, sports where body balance is one of the limiting factors of performance were analyzed. While there are no significant differences in postural stability between athletes of different specializations and physically active individuals during standing in a standard upright position (e.g., bipedal stance), they have a better ability to maintain balance in specific conditions (e.g., while standing on a narrow area of support). Differences in magnitude of balance impairment after specific exercises (rebound jumps, repeated rotations, etc.) and mainly in speed of its readjustment to baseline are also observed. Besides some evidence on an association of greater postural sway with the increasing risk of injuries, there are many myths related to the negative influence of impaired balance on sport performance. Though this may be true for shooting or archery, findings have shown that in many other sports, highly skilled athletes are able to perform successfully in spite of increased postural sway. These findings may contribute to better understanding of the postural control system under various performance requirements. It may provide useful knowledge for designing training programs for specific sports.

  2. Specificity revisited and updated.

    PubMed

    Paulley, J W

    1991-01-01

    Typicality is probably a better representation of Alexander, Dunbar and others' conclusions than specificity, which was always too absolute a term. As such it became a valid cause of objection by opponents. No genuine attempts to repeat the original studies have been made and most of the original opposition to the concept is now acknowledged as invalid. Typicality (specificity) in psychosomatic disorders appears to be conferred by coping mechanisms acquired through interaction with mother and early surrogates in infancy and childhood as a means of reducing tensions and restoration of homeostatic emotional equilibrium. Psychosomatic medicine patients share one such mechanism, notably superstability/alexythymia, but contained within it are coping mechanisms typical for differing disorders. Examples are listed, and also mention of typicality of recurrently provocative life events/situations. Until typicality is appreciated, taught, learned and practised, success in management of psychosomatic disorders will be limited. The current bio-psycho-social approach is too imprecise.

  3. Lidar base specification

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Heidemann, Hans Karl

    2012-08-17

    In late 2009, a $14.3 million allocation from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) for new light detection and ranging (lidar) elevation data acquisition prompted the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Geospatial Program (NGP) to develop a common minimum specification for all lidar data acquired for The National Map. Released as a working draft in 2010 and formally published in 2012, the USGS–NGP Lidar Base Specification (LBS) was quickly embraced by numerous States, counties, and foreign countries as the foundation for their own lidar specifications.Prompted by a growing appreciation for the wide applicability and inherent value of lidar, a consortium of Federal agencies commissioned the National Enhanced Elevation Assessment (NEEA) study in 2010 to quantify the costs and benefits of a national lidar program. Published in 2012, the NEEA report documented a substantial return on such an investment, defined five quality levels (QL) for elevation data, and recommended an 8-year collection cycle of QL2 lidar data as the optimum balance of benefit and affordability. In response to the study, the USGS–NGP established the 3D Elevation Program (3DEP) in 2013 as the interagency vehicle through which the NEEA recommendations could be realized.Lidar is a quickly evolving technology and much has changed in the industry since the previous version of the Lidar Base Specification (LBS) was published. Lidar data have improved in accuracy and spatial resolution, the American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing has revised the geospatial accuracy standards, industry standard file formats have been expanded, additional applications for lidar have become accepted, and the need for interoperable data across collections has been realized. This revision to the LBS addresses some of those changes and provides continued guidance towards a nationally consistent lidar dataset.

  4. NOSS altimeter algorithm specifications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hancock, D. W.; Forsythe, R. G.; Mcmillan, J. D.

    1982-01-01

    A description of all algorithms required for altimeter processing is given. Each description includes title, description, inputs/outputs, general algebraic sequences and data volume. All required input/output data files are described and the computer resources required for the entire altimeter processing system were estimated. The majority of the data processing requirements for any radar altimeter of the Seasat-1 type are scoped. Additions and deletions could be made for the specific altimeter products required by other projects.

  5. SPECIFIC HEAT INDICATOR

    DOEpatents

    Horn, F.L.; Binns, J.E.

    1961-05-01

    Apparatus for continuously and automatically measuring and computing the specific heat of a flowing solution is described. The invention provides for the continuous measurement of all the parameters required for the mathematical solution of this characteristic. The parameters are converted to logarithmic functions which are added and subtracted in accordance with the solution and a null-seeking servo reduces errors due to changing voltage drops to a minimum. Logarithmic potentiometers are utilized in a unique manner to accomplish these results.

  6. [Myositis-specific autoantibodies].

    PubMed

    Gran, Jan Tore; Molberg, Øyvind; Dobloug, Gerd Cecilie; Andersson, Helena; Taraldsrud, Eli; Scheie, David

    2009-08-27

    Myositis-specific antibodies (MSA) are autoantibodies that are almost exclusively detected in idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM). This article provides an overview of these autoantibodies and how they can be used clinically to identify subgroups of IIM. The article is based on a non-systematic literature review and our own experience. MSA can be detected in up to 50 % of patients with IIM. Patients with anti-synthetase antibodies have a constellation of clinical findings termed "the anti-synthetase syndrome", in which interstitial lung disease dominates the clinical picture. Anti-Mi2 antibodies is another myositis-specific antibody. Patients with anti-Mi2 antibodies often have classical dermatomyositis, while the anti-SRP antibody identifies patients with severe myopathy, poor response to treatment with corticosteroids and histological findings of muscle cell necrosis - often lacking inflammatory infiltrates. The newly detected anti-CADMp140 appears to be associated with amyopathic or hypomyopathic dermatomyositis, previously called dermatomyositis sine myositis. Anti-p155 antibodies are most often found in patients who also have cancer. Myositis-specific antibodies may be useful for identification of clinical subgroups of IIM and can thereby affect the choice of medical treatment.

  7. Data specifications for INSPIRE

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Portele, Clemens; Woolf, Andrew; Cox, Simon

    2010-05-01

    In Europe a major recent development has been the entering in force of the INSPIRE Directive in May 2007, establishing an infrastructure for spatial information in Europe to support Community environmental policies, and policies or activities which may have an impact on the environment. INSPIRE is based on the infrastructures for spatial information established and operated by the 27 Member States of the European Union. The Directive addresses 34 spatial data themes needed for environmental applications, with key components specified through technical implementing rules. This makes INSPIRE a unique example of a legislative "regional" approach. One of the requirements of the INSPIRE Directive is to make existing spatial data sets with relevance for one of the spatial data themes available in an interoperable way, i.e. where the spatial data from different sources in Europe can be combined to a coherent result. Since INSPIRE covers a wide range of spatial data themes, the first step has been the development of a modelling framework that provides a common foundation for all themes. This framework is largely based on the ISO 19100 series of standards. The use of common generic spatial modelling concepts across all themes is an important enabler for interoperability. As a second step, data specifications for the first set of themes has been developed based on the modelling framework. The themes include addresses, transport networks, protected sites, hydrography, administrative areas and others. The data specifications were developed by selected experts nominated by stakeholders from all over Europe. For each theme a working group was established in early 2008 working on their specific theme and collaborating with the other working groups on cross-theme issues. After a public review of the draft specifications starting in December 2008, an open testing process and thorough comment resolution process, the draft technical implementing rules for these themes have been

  8. Master Software Requirements Specification

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hu, Chaumin

    2003-01-01

    A basic function of a computational grid such as the NASA Information Power Grid (IPG) is to allow users to execute applications on remote computer systems. The Globus Resource Allocation Manager (GRAM) provides this functionality in the IPG and many other grids at this time. While the functionality provided by GRAM clients is adequate, GRAM does not support useful features such as staging several sets of files, running more than one executable in a single job submission, and maintaining historical information about execution operations. This specification is intended to provide the environmental and software functional requirements for the IPG Job Manager V2.0 being developed by AMTI for NASA.

  9. Task Specific Tremors.

    PubMed

    Friedman, Joseph H

    2015-07-01

    A patient reported bilateral hand tremors when writing but not with other tasks. These "task specific" tremors are considered subcategories of essential tremor. Primary writing tremor, in which the tremor occurs only with writing, is probably the most common. The important teaching point is that the "standard" tremor assessment, watching the patient holding a sustained posture and touching his finger to the examiner's and then back to the nose is not adequate. Patients should be tested doing the activity that causes them the most difficulty.

  10. Component-specific modeling

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mcknight, R. L.

    1985-01-01

    A series of interdisciplinary modeling and analysis techniques that were specialized to address three specific hot section components are presented. These techniques will incorporate data as well as theoretical methods from many diverse areas including cycle and performance analysis, heat transfer analysis, linear and nonlinear stress analysis, and mission analysis. Building on the proven techniques already available in these fields, the new methods developed will be integrated into computer codes to provide an accurate, and unified approach to analyzing combustor burner liners, hollow air cooled turbine blades, and air cooled turbine vanes. For these components, the methods developed will predict temperature, deformation, stress and strain histories throughout a complete flight mission.

  11. Specifications Physiological Monitoring System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1985-01-01

    The operation of a physiological monitoring system (PMS) is described. Specifications were established for performance, design, interface, and test requirements. The PMS is a compact, microprocessor-based system, which can be worn in a pack on the body or may be mounted on a Spacelab rack or other appropriate structure. It consists of two modules, the Data Control Unit (DCU) and the Remote Control/Display Unit (RCDU). Its purpose is to collect and distribute data from physiological experiments in the Spacelab and in the Orbiter.

  12. Substructural Logical Specifications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-11-14

    and independently in the context of CLF by Schack-Nielsen [SN07] and by Cruz and Hou [CH12]; Schack-Nielsen proves the equivalence of the two specifi...cations, whereas Cruz and Hou used the connection informally. The contribution of this section is to describe a general transformation (of which...Functional Programming (LFP’86), pages 13–27. ACM, 1986. 5.1 [CDE+11] Manuel Clavel, Francisco Durán, Steven Eker, Patrick Lincoln, Narciso Martı́- 290 Oliet

  13. Component-specific modeling

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mcknight, R. L.

    1985-01-01

    Accomplishments are described for the second year effort of a 3-year program to develop methodology for component specific modeling of aircraft engine hot section components (turbine blades, turbine vanes, and burner liners). These accomplishments include: (1) engine thermodynamic and mission models; (2) geometry model generators; (3) remeshing; (4) specialty 3-D inelastic stuctural analysis; (5) computationally efficient solvers, (6) adaptive solution strategies; (7) engine performance parameters/component response variables decomposition and synthesis; (8) integrated software architecture and development, and (9) validation cases for software developed.

  14. General Environmental Verification Specification

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Milne, J. Scott, Jr.; Kaufman, Daniel S.

    2003-01-01

    The NASA Goddard Space Flight Center s General Environmental Verification Specification (GEVS) for STS and ELV Payloads, Subsystems, and Components is currently being revised based on lessons learned from GSFC engineering and flight assurance. The GEVS has been used by Goddard flight projects for the past 17 years as a baseline from which to tailor their environmental test programs. A summary of the requirements and updates are presented along with the rationale behind the changes. The major test areas covered by the GEVS include mechanical, thermal, and EMC, as well as more general requirements for planning, tracking of the verification programs.

  15. Vessel Specific Levels

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Marine debris degrades ocean habitats, endangers marine and coastal wildlife, causes navigation hazards, results in economic losses to industry and governments, and threatens human health and safety. EPA Pacific Southwest (Region 9) is tapping existing programs and resources to advance the prevention, reduction and clean-up of marine debris in the North Pacific Ocean. EPA Pacific Southwest activities build upon specific recommendations of the Interagency Marine Debris Coordinating Committee by targeting threats and sources of debris and responding to debris impacts. EPA is initiating a three-pronged effort to reduce sources of marine debris, prevent trash from entering the oceans, and assess the human and ecosystem impacts and potential for cleanup.

  16. Return Vessel Specific Levels

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Marine debris degrades ocean habitats, endangers marine and coastal wildlife, causes navigation hazards, results in economic losses to industry and governments, and threatens human health and safety. EPA Pacific Southwest (Region 9) is tapping existing programs and resources to advance the prevention, reduction and clean-up of marine debris in the North Pacific Ocean. EPA Pacific Southwest activities build upon specific recommendations of the Interagency Marine Debris Coordinating Committee by targeting threats and sources of debris and responding to debris impacts. EPA is initiating a three-pronged effort to reduce sources of marine debris, prevent trash from entering the oceans, and assess the human and ecosystem impacts and potential for cleanup.

  17. Lipase-specific foldases.

    PubMed

    Rosenau, Frank; Tommassen, Jan; Jaeger, Karl-Erich

    2004-02-06

    Lipases represent the most important class of enzymes used in biotechnology. Many bacteria produce and secrete lipases but the enzymes originating from Pseudomonas and Burkholderia species seem to be particularly useful for a wide variety of different biocatalytic applications. These enzymes are usually encoded in an operon together with a second gene which codes for a lipase-specific foldase, Lif, which is necessary to obtain enzymatically active lipase. A detailed analysis based on amino acid homology has suggested the classification of Lif proteins into four different families and also revealed the presence of a conserved motif, Rx1x2FDY(F/C)L(S/T)A. Recent experimental evidence suggests that Lifs are so-called steric chaperones, which exert their physiological function by lowering energetic barriers during the folding of their cognate lipases, thereby providing essential steric information needed to fold lipases into their enzymatically active conformation.

  18. A specific hygiene hypothesis.

    PubMed

    Shunsheng Han, Cliff

    2016-08-01

    Allergic diseases have reached epidemic proportions in Western populations in the last several decades. The hygiene hypothesis proposed more than twenty years ago has helped us to understand the epidemic and has been verified with numerous studies. However, translational measures deduced from these studies to prevent allergic diseases have not proven effective. Recent studies on immigrants' allergies and any potential association between oral infection and allergic diseases prompt me to propose a specific hygiene hypothesis to explain how oral hygiene practices might have contributed to the uprising of hay fever, the most common allergic disease. The historic oral hygiene level in US is closely associated with the emerging allergic epidemic. Future studies to test the hypothesis are needed and verification of the hypothesis can potentially yield highly effective measures to prevent allergic diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  19. [Adherence in specific immunotherapy].

    PubMed

    Lemberg, M-L; Joisten, M-J; Mösges, R

    2017-04-01

    Allergies are steadily gaining in importance in the Western world. For over one hundred years, immunology has been the only causal treatment. Specific immunotherapy (SIT) aims at the cure of allergy or at least freedom from allergy symptoms. In association with this, adherence poses a complex problem. Both treatment applications commonly used in Germany-sublingual and subcutaneous immunotherapy-show poor persistence on the part of the patients. In most cases, SIT is not carried out to the end of the recommended duration and instead is discontinued prematurely. Corresponding figures from 3‑year studies in the literature range from 41- 93% for uncompleted SLIT and from 40-77% for uncompleted SCIT. Patient adherence is subject to influencing factors of various dimensions that are interdependent in complex relationships. The physician-patient relationship is just as decisive a factor for treatment success as the patient's understanding of allergy, treatment, and the importance of adherence.

  20. Cylinder Test Specification

    SciTech Connect

    Richard Catanach; Larry Hill; Herbert Harry

    1999-10-01

    The purpose of the cylinder testis two-fold: (1) to characterize the metal-pushing ability of an explosive relative to that of other explosives as evaluated by the E{sub 19} cylinder energy and the G{sub 19} Gurney energy and (2) to help establish the explosive product equation-of-state (historically, the Jones-Wilkins-Lee (JWL) equation). This specification details the material requirements and procedures necessary to assemble and fire a typical Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) cylinder test. Strict adherence to the cylinder. material properties, machining tolerances, material heat-treatment and etching processes, and high explosive machining tolerances is essential for test-to-test consistency and to maximize radialmore » wall expansions. Assembly and setup of the cylinder test require precise attention to detail, especially when placing intricate pin wires on the cylinder wall. The cylinder test is typically fired outdoors and at ambient temperature.« less

  1. Genotype Specification Language.

    PubMed

    Wilson, Erin H; Sagawa, Shiori; Weis, James W; Schubert, Max G; Bissell, Michael; Hawthorne, Brian; Reeves, Christopher D; Dean, Jed; Platt, Darren

    2016-06-17

    We describe here the Genotype Specification Language (GSL), a language that facilitates the rapid design of large and complex DNA constructs used to engineer genomes. The GSL compiler implements a high-level language based on traditional genetic notation, as well as a set of low-level DNA manipulation primitives. The language allows facile incorporation of parts from a library of cloned DNA constructs and from the "natural" library of parts in fully sequenced and annotated genomes. GSL was designed to engage genetic engineers in their native language while providing a framework for higher level abstract tooling. To this end we define four language levels, Level 0 (literal DNA sequence) through Level 3, with increasing abstraction of part selection and construction paths. GSL targets an intermediate language based on DNA slices that translates efficiently into a wide range of final output formats, such as FASTA and GenBank, and includes formats that specify instructions and materials such as oligonucleotide primers to allow the physical construction of the GSL designs by individual strain engineers or an automated DNA assembly core facility.

  2. Intent Specifications: An Approach to Building Human-Centered Specifications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Leveson, Nancy G.

    1999-01-01

    This paper examines and proposes an approach to writing software specifications, based on research in systems theory, cognitive psychology, and human-machine interaction. The goal is to provide specifications that support human problem solving and the tasks that humans must perform in software development and evolution. A type of specification, called intent specifications, is constructed upon this underlying foundation.

  3. Evaluating percent within limits (PWL) specifications volume 1 : HMA specifications.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2006-05-01

    The Oklahoma Department of Transportation (ODOT) has let four paving jobs for construction where : percent within limits (PWL) specifications were employed. The PWL specifications are intended to be : used as part of the Quality Assessment program to...

  4. Calibration of Resistance Factors Needed in the LRFD Design of Driven Piles : LTRC technical summary report 449.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2009-05-01

    The allowable stress design (ASD) method had been used for many years in the design of bridges, which involves : applying a factor of safety (FS) to account for uncertainties in applied loads and soil resistance. The magnitude of : FS depends on the ...

  5. Investigation of pile setup (freeze) in Alabama : development of a setup prediction method and implementation into LRFD driven pile design.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2015-06-01

    The Alabama Department of Transportation (ALDOT) often uses deep foundations : consisting of driven piles, particularly in the southern half of the state, to support bridges or other : highway structures. In the fiscal year 2012, a total of 22 bridge...

  6. Development of LRFD procedures for bridge pile foundations in Iowa - volume I : an electronic database for PIle LOad Tests (PILOT).

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2011-01-01

    For well over 100 years, the Working Stress Design (WSD) approach has been the traditional basis for geotechnical design with regard to settlements or failure conditions. However, considerable effort has been put forth over the past couple of decades...

  7. Specificity and non-specificity in RNA–protein interactions

    PubMed Central

    Jankowsky, Eckhard; Harris, Michael E.

    2016-01-01

    Gene expression is regulated by complex networks of interactions between RNAs and proteins. Proteins that interact with RNA have been traditionally viewed as either specific or non-specific; specific proteins interact preferentially with defined RNA sequence or structure motifs, whereas non-specific proteins interact with RNA sites devoid of such characteristics. Recent studies indicate that the binary “specific vs. non-specific” classification is insufficient to describe the full spectrum of RNA–protein interactions. Here, we review new methods that enable quantitative measurements of protein binding to large numbers of RNA variants, and the concepts aimed as describing resulting binding spectra: affinity distributions, comprehensive binding models and free energy landscapes. We discuss how these new methodologies and associated concepts enable work towards inclusive, quantitative models for specific and non-specific RNA–protein interactions. PMID:26285679

  8. [Receptor specificity of human enteroviruses].

    PubMed

    Fadeev, F A; Sergeev, A G; Novoselov, A V

    2008-01-01

    The review presents the currently available data on the receptor specificity of enteroviruses. It discusses whether changes in the receptor specificity of enteroviruses may play a role in their in vitro and in vivo reproduction.

  9. Compositional Specification of Software Architecture

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Penix, John; Lau, Sonie (Technical Monitor)

    1998-01-01

    This paper describes our experience using parameterized algebraic specifications to model properties of software architectures. The goal is to model the decomposition of requirements independent of the style used to implement the architecture. We begin by providing an overview of the role of architecture specification in software development. We then describe how architecture specifications are build up from component and connector specifications and give an overview of insights gained from a case study used to validate the method.

  10. 76 FR 7482 - Operations Specifications

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-10

    ...] RIN 2120-AJ45 Operations Specifications AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION... carriers and foreign persons for part 129 operations specifications and establishes new standards for amendment, suspension, and termination of those operations specifications. In addition, the FAA has moved...

  11. Specific Language Impairments in Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watkins, Ruth V., Ed.; Rice, Mabel L., Ed.

    The fourth volume in a series on communication and language intervention focuses on specific language impairments in children, and contains papers presented at a 1992 conference. Papers include the following: "Specific Language Impairments in Children: An Introduction" (Ruth V. Watkins); "Studies of Genetics of Specific Language Impairment" (J.…

  12. Variola Virus-Specific Diagnostic Assays: Characterization, Sensitivity, and Specificity

    PubMed Central

    Kondas, Ashley V.; Olson, Victoria A.; Li, Yu; Abel, Jason; Laker, Miriam; Rose, Laura; Wilkins, Kimberly; Turner, Jonathan; Kline, Richard

    2015-01-01

    A public health response relies upon rapid and reliable confirmation of disease by diagnostic assays. Here, we detail the design and validation of two variola virus-specific real-time PCR assays, since previous assays cross-reacted with newly identified cowpox viruses. The assay specificity must continually be reassessed as other closely related viruses are identified. PMID:25673790

  13. Response to "Transfer or Specificity?"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Judith

    2007-01-01

    This article presents the author's response to "Transfer or Specificity?" and reports a research that supports a strong case for a fundamental motor skill as a precursor to two sport specific skills as in Gallahue and Ozmun's (2002) theoretical model of motor development. Reported changes in performance of the overarm throw are…

  14. Standard Specification for Language Laboratory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Administration, Raleigh.

    This specification covers the components of electronic and electromechanical equipment, nonelectronic materials for the teacher-student positions, and other items of a miscellaneous nature to provide for a complete and workable language laboratory facility. Language laboratory facilities covered by this specification are of two types: (1)…

  15. Standard Specifications for Language Laboratory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Administration, Raleigh.

    Specifications are presented covering the components of electronic and electro-mechanical equipment, non-electrical materials for the teacher-student positions, and other items of a miscellaneous nature to provide for a complete, workable language laboratory facility. Instructions for the use of specifications are included for the purchaser,…

  16. Measuring wood specific gravity, correctly

    Treesearch

    G. Bruce Williamson; Michael C. Wiemann

    2010-01-01

    The specific gravity (SG) of wood is a measure of the amount of structural material a tree species allocates to support and strength. In recent years, wood specific gravity, traditionally a forester’s variable, has become the domain of ecologists exploring the universality of plant functional traits and conservationists estimating global carbon stocks. While these...

  17. Selecting measures to prevent deleterious alkali-silica reaction in concrete : rationale for the AASHTO PP65 prescriptive approach.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2012-10-01

    PP65-11 provides two approaches for selecting preventive measures: (i) a performance approach based on laboratory testing, and (ii) a prescriptive approach based on a consideration of the reactivity of the aggregate, type and size of structure, expos...

  18. Task 4 : testing Iowa Portland cement concrete mixtures for the AASHTO mechanistic-empirical pavement design procedure.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2008-05-01

    The present research project was designed to identify the typical Iowa material input values that are required by the Mechanistic- : Empirical Pavement Design Guide (MEPDG) for the Level 3 concrete pavement design. It was also designed to investigate...

  19. Transfer and development length of prestressing tendons in full-scale AASHTO prestressed concrete girders using self-consolidating concrete.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2009-03-01

    Self-consolidating concrete (SCC) is a highly workable concrete that flows through densely reinforced or : complex structural elements under its own weight. The benefits of using SCC include: a) Reducing labor costs : by eliminating the need for mech...

  20. Variola virus-specific diagnostic assays: characterization, sensitivity, and specificity.

    PubMed

    Kondas, Ashley V; Olson, Victoria A; Li, Yu; Abel, Jason; Laker, Miriam; Rose, Laura; Wilkins, Kimberly; Turner, Jonathan; Kline, Richard; Damon, Inger K

    2015-04-01

    A public health response relies upon rapid and reliable confirmation of disease by diagnostic assays. Here, we detail the design and validation of two variola virus-specific real-time PCR assays, since previous assays cross-reacted with newly identified cowpox viruses. The assay specificity must continually be reassessed as other closely related viruses are identified. Copyright © 2015, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

  1. Let's get specific: the relationship between specificity and affinity.

    PubMed

    Eaton, B E; Gold, L; Zichi, D A

    1995-10-01

    The factors that lead to high-affinity binding are a good fit between the surfaces of the two molecules in their ground state and charge complementarity. Exactly the same factors give high specificity for a target. We argue that selection for high-affinity binding automatically leads to highly specific binding. This principle can be used to simplify screening approaches aimed at generating useful drugs.

  2. SSL: A software specification language

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Austin, S. L.; Buckles, B. P.; Ryan, J. P.

    1976-01-01

    SSL (Software Specification Language) is a new formalism for the definition of specifications for software systems. The language provides a linear format for the representation of the information normally displayed in a two-dimensional module inter-dependency diagram. In comparing SSL to FORTRAN or ALGOL, it is found to be largely complementary to the algorithmic (procedural) languages. SSL is capable of representing explicitly module interconnections and global data flow, information which is deeply imbedded in the algorithmic languages. On the other hand, SSL is not designed to depict the control flow within modules. The SSL level of software design explicitly depicts intermodule data flow as a functional specification.

  3. SPG specification for 2015 implementation.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2015-04-01

    For this project, Item 300, Asphalts, Oils, and Emulsions, of the Standard Specifications, is : hereby amended with respect to the clauses cited below, and no other clauses or requirements of : this Item are waived or changed hereby.

  4. Implementation of new OGFC specification.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2006-05-01

    The objective of this research is to monitor and document the construction and performance of OGFC on actual field projects. Subsequently, Louisianas OGFC specifications and mix design procedures will be modified as necessary based on the monitori...

  5. Specific immunotherapy ameliorates ulcerative colitis.

    PubMed

    Cai, Min; Zeng, Lu; Li, Lin-Jing; Mo, Li-Hua; Xie, Rui-Di; Feng, Bai-Sui; Zheng, Peng-Yuan; Liu, Zhi-Gang; Liu, Zhan-Ju; Yang, Ping-Chang

    2016-01-01

    Hypersensitivity reaction to certain allergens plays a role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This study aims to observe the effect of specific immunotherapy in a group of IBD patients. Patients with both ulcerative colitis (UC) and food allergy were recruited into this study. Food allergy was diagnosed by skin prick test and serum specific IgE. The patients were treated with specific immunotherapy (SIT) and Clostridium butyricum (CB) capsules. After treating with SIT and CB, the clinical symptoms of UC were markedly suppressed as shown by reduced truncated Mayo scores and medication scores. The serum levels of specific IgE, interleukin (IL)-4 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α were also suppressed. Treating with SIT alone or CB alone did not show appreciable improvement of the clinical symptoms of UC. UC with food allergy can be ameliorated by administration with SIT and butyrate-production probiotics.

  6. Specifications for structural range improvements.

    Treesearch

    H. Reed Sanderson; Thomas M. Quigley; Emery E. Swan; Louis R. Spink

    1990-01-01

    Construction specifications and illustrations are provided for several types of barbed wire and pole fences, gates, cattle guards, stiles, spring developments, water troughs, stock ponds, trick tanks, and livestock access trails.

  7. GPS Civil Monitoring Performance Specification

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2009-02-10

    This Civil Monitoring Performance Specification (CMPS) is published and maintained at : the direction of the Program Manager for Civil Applications, Global Positioning Systems : Wing (GPSW). The purpose of this document is to provide a comprehensive ...

  8. Base compaction specification feasibility analysis.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2012-12-01

    The objective of this research is to establish the technical engineering and cost : analysis concepts that will enable WisDOT management to objectively evaluate the : feasibility of switching construction specification philosophies for aggregate base...

  9. [Tissue-specific nucleoprotein complexes].

    PubMed

    Riadnova, I Iu; Shataeva, L K; Khavinson, V Kh

    2000-01-01

    A method of isolation of native nucleorprotein complexes from cattle cerebral cortex, thymus, and liver was developed. Compositions of these complexes were studied by means of gel-chromatography and ion-exchange chromatography. These preparations were shown to consist of several fractions of proteins and their complexes differ by molecular mass and electro-chemical properties. Native nucleoprotein complexes revealed high tissue specific activity, which was not species-specific.

  10. Specific Immunodiffusion Test for Blastomycosis

    PubMed Central

    Kaufman, Leo; McLaughlin, David W.; Clark, Maxine J.; Blumer, Sharon

    1973-01-01

    A specific immunodiffusion test for blastomycosis has been developed. The test permitted the detection of approximately 80% of 113 proven cases of blastomycosis. Two diagnostically important precipitins designated A and B were frequently recognized in patients with blastomycosis. Routine use of reference sera containing the A and B precipitins in immunodiffusion tests would permit the specific diagnosis of blastomycosis without the need for parallel tests with coccidioidin and histoplasmin. Images PMID:4201639

  11. Specific yield: compilation of specific yields for various materials

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Johnson, A.I.

    1967-01-01

    Specific yield is defined as the ratio of (1) the volume of water that a saturated rock or soil will yield by gravity to (2) the total volume of the rock or soft. Specific yield is usually expressed as a percentage. The value is not definitive, because the quantity of water that will drain by gravity depends on variables such as duration of drainage, temperature, mineral composition of the water, and various physical characteristics of the rock or soil under consideration. Values of specific yields nevertheless offer a convenient means by which hydrologists can estimate the water-yielding capacities of earth materials and, as such, are very useful in hydrologic studies. The present report consists mostly of direct or modified quotations from many selected reports that present and evaluate methods for determining specific yield, limitations of those methods, and results of the determinations made on a wide variety of rock and soil materials. Although no particular values are recommended in this report, a table summarizes values of specific yield, and their averages, determined for 10 rock textures. The following is an abstract of the table. [Table

  12. mREST Interface Specification

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    McCartney, Patrick; MacLean, John

    2012-01-01

    mREST is an implementation of the REST architecture specific to the management and sharing of data in a system of logical elements. The purpose of this document is to clearly define the mREST interface protocol. The interface protocol covers all of the interaction between mREST clients and mREST servers. System-level requirements are not specifically addressed. In an mREST system, there are typically some backend interfaces between a Logical System Element (LSE) and the associated hardware/software system. For example, a network camera LSE would have a backend interface to the camera itself. These interfaces are specific to each type of LSE and are not covered in this document. There are also frontend interfaces that may exist in certain mREST manager applications. For example, an electronic procedure execution application may have a specialized interface for configuring the procedures. This interface would be application specific and outside of this document scope. mREST is intended to be a generic protocol which can be used in a wide variety of applications. A few scenarios are discussed to provide additional clarity but, in general, application-specific implementations of mREST are not specifically addressed. In short, this document is intended to provide all of the information necessary for an application developer to create mREST interface agents. This includes both mREST clients (mREST manager applications) and mREST servers (logical system elements, or LSEs).

  13. Enzyme specificity under dynamic control

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ota, Nobuyuki; Agard, David A.

    2002-03-01

    The contributions of conformational dynamics to substrate specificity have been examined by the application of principal component analysis to molecular dynamics trajectories of alpha-lytic protease. The wild-type alpha-lytic protease is highly specific for substrates with small hydrophobic side chains at the specificity pocket, while the Met190Ala binding pocket mutant has a much broader specificity, actively hydrolyzing substrates ranging from Ala to Phe. We performed a principal component analysis using 1-nanosecond molecular dynamics simulations using solvent boundary condition. We found that the walls of the wild-type substrate binding pocket move in tandem with one another, causing the pocket size to remain fixed so that only small substrates are recognized. In contrast, the M190A mutant shows uncoupled movement of the binding pocket walls, allowing the pocket to sample both smaller and larger sizes, which appears to be the cause of the observed broad specificity. The results suggest that the protein dynamics of alpha-lytic protease may play a significant role in defining the patterns of substrate specificity.

  14. TAL effector-DNA specificity.

    PubMed

    Scholze, Heidi; Boch, Jens

    2010-01-01

    TAL effectors are important virulence factors of bacterial plant pathogenic Xanthomonas, which infect a wide variety of plants including valuable crops like pepper, rice, and citrus. TAL proteins are translocated via the bacterial type III secretion system into host cells and induce transcription of plant genes by binding to target gene promoters. Members of the TAL effector family differ mainly in their central domain of tandemly arranged repeats of typically 34 amino acids each with hypervariable di-amino acids at positions 12 and 13. We recently showed that target DNA-recognition specificity of TAL effectors is encoded in a modular and clearly predictable mode. The repeats of TAL effectors feature a surprising one repeat-to-one-bp correlation with different repeat types exhibiting a different DNA base pair specificity. Accordingly, we predicted DNA specificities of TAL effectors and generated artificial TAL proteins with novel DNA recognition specificities. We describe here novel artificial TALs and discuss implications for the DNA recognition specificity. The unique TAL-DNA binding domain allows design of proteins with potentially any given DNA recognition specificity enabling many uses for biotechnology.

  15. Specificity of hammerhead ribozyme cleavage.

    PubMed Central

    Hertel, K J; Herschlag, D; Uhlenbeck, O C

    1996-01-01

    To be effective in gene inactivation, the hammerhead ribozyme must cleave a complementary RNA target without deleterious effects from cleaving non-target RNAs that contain mismatches and shorter stretches of complementarity. The specificity of hammerhead cleavage was evaluated using HH16, a well-characterized ribozyme designed to cleave a target of 17 residues. Under standard reaction conditions, HH16 is unable to discriminate between its full-length substrate and 3'-truncated substrates, even when six fewer base pairs are formed between HH16 and the substrate. This striking lack of specificity arises because all the substrates bind to the ribozyme with sufficient affinity so that cleavage occurs before their affinity differences are manifested. In contrast, HH16 does exhibit high specificity towards certain 3'-truncated versions of altered substrates that either also contain a single base mismatch or are shortened at the 5' end. In addition, the specificity of HH16 is improved in the presence of p7 nucleocapsid protein from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1, which accelerates the association and dissociation of RNA helices. These results support the view that the hammerhead has an intrinsic ability to discriminate against incorrect bases, but emphasizes that the high specificity is only observed in a certain range of helix lengths. Images PMID:8670879

  16. Technical specification for vacuum systems

    SciTech Connect

    Khaw, J.

    The vacuum systems at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) are primarily of all-metal construction and operate at pressures from 10/sup -5/ to 10/sup -11/ Torr. The primary gas loads during operation result from thermal desorption and beam-induced desorption from the vacuum chamber walls. These desorption rates can be extremely high in the case of hydrocarbons and other contaminants. These specifications place a major emphasis on eliminating contamination sources. The specifications and procedures have been written to insure the cleanliness and vacuum integrity of all SLAC vacuum systems, and to assist personnel involved with SLAC vacuum systems in choosing andmore » designing components that are compatible with existing systems and meet the quality and reliability of SLAC vacuum standards. The specification includes requirements on design, procurement, fabrication, chemical cleaning, clean room practices, welding and brazing, helium leak testing, residual gas analyzer testing, bakeout, venting, and pumpdown. Also appended are specifications regarding acceptable vendors, isopropyl alcohol, bakeable valve cleaning procedure, mechanical engineering safety inspection, notes on synchrotron radiation, and specifications of numerous individual components. (LEW)« less

  17. Compiler writing system detail design specification. Volume 1: Language specification

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Arthur, W. J.

    1974-01-01

    Construction within the Meta language for both language and target machine specification is reported. The elements of the function language as a meaning and syntax are presented, and the structure of the target language is described which represents the target dependent object text representation of applications programs.

  18. Action-specific effects underwater.

    PubMed

    Witt, Jessica K; Schuck, Donald M; Taylor, J Eric T

    2011-01-01

    Action-specific effects on perception are apparent in terrestrial environments. For example, targets that require more effort to walk, jump, or throw to look farther away than when the targets require less effort. Here, we examined whether action-specific effects would generalize to an underwater environment. Instead, perception might be geometrically precise, rather than action-specific, in an environment that is novel from an evolutionary perspective. We manipulated ease to swim by giving participants swimming flippers or taking them away. Those who estimated distance while wearing the flippers judged underwater targets to be closer than did participants who had taken them off. In addition, participants with better swimming ability judged the targets to be closer than did those with worse swimming ability. These results suggest perceived distance underwater is a function of the perceiver's ability to swim to the targets.

  19. High specific heat superconducting composite

    DOEpatents

    Steyert, Jr., William A.

    1979-01-01

    A composite superconductor formed from a high specific heat ceramic such as gadolinium oxide or gadolinium-aluminum oxide and a conventional metal conductor such as copper or aluminum which are insolubly mixed together to provide adiabatic stability in a superconducting mode of operation. The addition of a few percent of insoluble gadolinium-aluminum oxide powder or gadolinium oxide powder to copper, increases the measured specific heat of the composite by one to two orders of magnitude below the 5.degree. K. level while maintaining the high thermal and electrical conductivity of the conventional metal conductor.

  20. Application specific serial arithmetic arrays

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Winters, K.; Mathews, D.; Thompson, T.

    1990-01-01

    High performance systolic arrays of serial-parallel multiplier elements may be rapidly constructed for specific applications by applying hardware description language techniques to a library of full-custom CMOS building blocks. Single clock pre-charged circuits have been implemented for these arrays at clock rates in excess of 100 Mhz using economical 2-micron (minimum feature size) CMOS processes, which may be quickly configured for a variety of applications. A number of application-specific arrays are presented, including a 2-D convolver for image processing, an integer polynomial solver, and a finite-field polynomial solver.

  1. Automotive Lubricant Specification and Testing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fox, M. F.

    This chapter concerns commercial lubricant specification and testing, drawing together the many themes of previous chapters. Military lubricant standards were a very strong initial influence during World War II and led to the separate historical development of the North American and European specification systems. The wide range of functions that a successful lubricant must satisfy is discussed, together with issues of balancing special or universal applications, single or multiple engine tests, the philosophy of accelerated testing and the question of 'who sets the standards?' The role of engine tests and testing organisations is examined.

  2. Grade 3 Science Curriculum Specifications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Curriculum Branch.

    The specific content areas and objectives from which the Alberta, Canada, Grade 3 Science Achievement Test questions were derived are outlined in this bulletin. The document contains: (1) curriculum summary (providing a general listing of the process skills, psychomotor skills, attitudes, and subject matter covered at the grade 3 level); (2) a…

  3. Task-specific image partitioning.

    PubMed

    Kim, Sungwoong; Nowozin, Sebastian; Kohli, Pushmeet; Yoo, Chang D

    2013-02-01

    Image partitioning is an important preprocessing step for many of the state-of-the-art algorithms used for performing high-level computer vision tasks. Typically, partitioning is conducted without regard to the task in hand. We propose a task-specific image partitioning framework to produce a region-based image representation that will lead to a higher task performance than that reached using any task-oblivious partitioning framework and existing supervised partitioning framework, albeit few in number. The proposed method partitions the image by means of correlation clustering, maximizing a linear discriminant function defined over a superpixel graph. The parameters of the discriminant function that define task-specific similarity/dissimilarity among superpixels are estimated based on structured support vector machine (S-SVM) using task-specific training data. The S-SVM learning leads to a better generalization ability while the construction of the superpixel graph used to define the discriminant function allows a rich set of features to be incorporated to improve discriminability and robustness. We evaluate the learned task-aware partitioning algorithms on three benchmark datasets. Results show that task-aware partitioning leads to better labeling performance than the partitioning computed by the state-of-the-art general-purpose and supervised partitioning algorithms. We believe that the task-specific image partitioning paradigm is widely applicable to improving performance in high-level image understanding tasks.

  4. Instructional Specifications for Sentence Combining.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawlor, Joseph

    With particular focus on the need to provide a practical, systematic introduction to the concept of sentence combining and to the signals used to control the various combining operations, this paper provides detailed specifications for including sentence combining as part of a comprehensive plan for teaching the composing process. The…

  5. 46 CFR Sec. 3 - Specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Specifications. Sec. 3 Section 3 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION A-NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY PROCEDURE FOR ACCOMPLISHMENT OF VESSEL REPAIRS UNDER NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY MASTER LUMP SUM REPAIR CONTRACT-NSA-LUMPSUMREP Sec. 3...

  6. 46 CFR Sec. 3 - Specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Specifications. Sec. 3 Section 3 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION A-NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY PROCEDURE FOR ACCOMPLISHMENT OF VESSEL REPAIRS UNDER NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY MASTER LUMP SUM REPAIR CONTRACT-NSA-LUMPSUMREP Sec. 3...

  7. 46 CFR Sec. 3 - Specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Specifications. Sec. 3 Section 3 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION A-NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY PROCEDURE FOR ACCOMPLISHMENT OF VESSEL REPAIRS UNDER NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY MASTER LUMP SUM REPAIR CONTRACT-NSA-LUMPSUMREP Sec. 3...

  8. 46 CFR Sec. 3 - Specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Specifications. Sec. 3 Section 3 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION A-NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY PROCEDURE FOR ACCOMPLISHMENT OF VESSEL REPAIRS UNDER NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY MASTER LUMP SUM REPAIR CONTRACT-NSA-LUMPSUMREP Sec. 3...

  9. 46 CFR Sec. 3 - Specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Specifications. Sec. 3 Section 3 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION A-NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY PROCEDURE FOR ACCOMPLISHMENT OF VESSEL REPAIRS UNDER NATIONAL SHIPPING AUTHORITY MASTER LUMP SUM REPAIR CONTRACT-NSA-LUMPSUMREP Sec. 3...

  10. EDUCATIONAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    FLANIGAN, VIRGINIA; AND OTHERS

    THE REPORT CAN BE USED AS A GUIDE IN THE PREPARATION OF EDUCATIONAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS. NEW CURRICULA, METHODS OF INSTRUCTION, AND TEACHING AIDS ADD TO THE SOPHISTICATION OF EDUCATION. PROGRAMS ENCOMPASS MANY AREAS OF EDUCATION, EACH REQUIRING PROFESSIONAL DECISIONS. THESE DECISIONS MUST BE ORGANIZED INTO WRITTEN SPECIFICATIONS…

  11. Reflight certification software design specifications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1984-01-01

    The PDSS/IMC Software Design Specification for the Payload Development Support System (PDSS)/Image Motion Compensator (IMC) is contained. The PDSS/IMC is to be used for checkout and verification of the IMC flight hardware and software by NASA/MSFC.

  12. [Specificities in children wound healing].

    PubMed

    Sanchez, J; Antonicelli, F; Tuton, D; Mazouz Dorval, S; François, C

    2016-10-01

    Children have specific characteristics of wound healing. The aim of this study was to describe the specific clinical characteristics of wounds healing in children and to present the current knowledge on the specific mechanisms with regard to infant age. The tissue insult or injury in fetus can heal without scar, mainly due to reduced granulation tissue associated to diminished or even no inflammatory phase, modified extracellular matrix such as the concentration of hyaluronic acid in amniotic liquid, expression and arrangement of collagen and tenascin. Thickness of children skin is a serious negative factor in case of trauma, whereas poor co-morbidities and efficient growth tissue mechanisms are beneficial to good evolution, even in cases of extensive damage and loss of tissue. The subsequent tissue mechanical forces, wound healing during childhood, spanning from the age of 2 until the end of puberty, is associated with more hypertrophic scars, both in duration and in intensity. Consequently, unnecessary surgery has to be avoided during this period when possible, and children with abnormal or pathologic wound healing should benefit from complementary treatments (hydration, massage, brace, silicone, hydrotherapy…), which represent efficient factors to minimize tissue scarring. After wound healing, the growth body rate can be responsible for specific complications, such as contractures, alopecia, and scar intussusceptions. Its evolutionary character implies the need of an attentive follow-up until adult age. Psychologic repercussions, as a consequence of pathologic scars, must be prevented and investigated by the surgeon. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  13. Specific and non-specific match effects in negative priming.

    PubMed

    Labossière, Danielle I; Leboe-McGowan, Jason P

    2018-01-01

    The negative priming effect occurs when withholding a response to a stimulus impairs generation of subsequent responding to a same or a related stimulus. Our goal was to use the negative priming procedure to obtain insights about the memory representations generated by ignoring vs. attending/responding to a prime stimulus. Across three experiments we observed that ignoring a prime stimulus tends to generate higher identity-independent, non-specific repetition effects, owing to an overlap in the coarse perceptual form of a prime distractor and a probe target. By contrast, attended repetition effects generate predominantly identity-specific sources of facilitation. We use these findings to advocate for using laboratory phenomena to illustrate general principles that can be of practical use to non-specialists. In the case of the negative priming procedure, we propose that the procedure provides a useful means for investigating attention/memory interactions, even if the specific cause (or causes) of negative priming effects remain unresolved. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. [Specific immunotherapy with depigmented allergoids].

    PubMed

    Klimek, L; Thorn, C; Pfaar, O

    2010-01-01

    Specific immunotherapy is the only available causative treatment for IgE-mediated allergic conditions. The state of the art is treatment via the subcutaneous route with crude extracts in a water solution, with physically linked (semidepot) extracts or chemically modified semidepot extracts (allergoids). A relatively new purification method combines depigmentation followed by polymerization with glutaraldehyde. This modification results in increased tolerance with a reduction in both local and systemic adverse effects. As controlled clinical trials have shown, the effectiveness is comparable to that of specific immunotherapy with crude allergen extracts. Recent data suggest that the modified polymerized allergoids allow a safe rush titration in a few days or even in 1 day (ultra-rush titration).

  15. UTM UAS Service Supplier Specification

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rios, Joseph Lucio

    2017-01-01

    Within the Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) Traffic Management (UTM) system, the UAS Service Supplier (USS) is a key component. The USS serves several functions. At a high level, those include the following: Bridging communication between UAS Operators and Flight Information Management System (FIMS) Supporting planning of UAS operations Assisting strategic deconfliction of the UTM airspace Providing information support to UAS Operators during operations Helping UAS Operators meet their formal requirements This document provides the minimum set of requirements for a USS. In order to be recognized as a USS within UTM, successful demonstration of satisfying the requirements described herein will be a prerequisite. To ensure various desired qualities (security, fairness, availability, efficiency, maintainability, etc.), this specification relies on references to existing public specifications whenever possible.

  16. Certifying Domain-Specific Policies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lowry, Michael; Pressburger, Thomas; Rosu, Grigore; Koga, Dennis (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    Proof-checking code for compliance to safety policies potentially enables a product-oriented approach to certain aspects of software certification. To date, previous research has focused on generic, low-level programming-language properties such as memory type safety. In this paper we consider proof-checking higher-level domain -specific properties for compliance to safety policies. The paper first describes a framework related to abstract interpretation in which compliance to a class of certification policies can be efficiently calculated Membership equational logic is shown to provide a rich logic for carrying out such calculations, including partiality, for certification. The architecture for a domain-specific certifier is described, followed by an implemented case study. The case study considers consistency of abstract variable attributes in code that performs geometric calculations in Aerospace systems.

  17. [Substrate specifity in Amoeba proteus].

    PubMed

    Sopina, V A

    2006-01-01

    Three different phosphatases ("slow", "middle" and "fast") were found in Amoeba proteus (strain B) after PAGE and a subsequent gel staining in 1-naphthyl phosphate containing incubation mixture (pH 9.0). Substrate specificity of these phosphatases was determined in supernatants of homogenates using inhibitors of phosphatase activity. All phosphatases showed a broad substrate specificity. Of 10 tested compounds, p-nitrophenyl phosphate was a preferable substrate for all 3 phosphatases. All phosphatases were able to hydrolyse bis-p-nitrophenyl phosphate and, hence, displayed phosphodiesterase activity. All phosphatases hydrolysed O-phospho-L-tyrosine to a greater or lesser degree. Only little differences in substrate specificity of phosphatases were noticed: 1) "fast" and "middle" phosphatases hydrolysed naphthyl phosphates and O-phospho-L-tyrosine less efficiently than did "slow" phosphatase; 2) "fast" and "middle" phosphatases hydrolysed 2- naphthyl phosphate to a lesser degree than 1-naphthyl phosphate 3) "fast" and "middle" phosphatases hydrolysed O-phospho-L-serine and O-phospho-L-threonine with lower intensity as compared with "slow" phosphatase; 4) as distinct from "middle" and "slow" phosphatases, the "fast" phosphatase hydrolysed glucose-6-phosphate very poorly. The revealed broad substrate specificity of "slow" phosphatase together with data of inhibitory analysis and results of experiments with reactivation of this phosphatase by Zn2+-ions after its inactivation by EDTA strongly suggest that only the "slow" phosphatase is a true alkaline phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.1). The alkaline phosphatase of A. proteus is secreted into culture medium where its activity is low. The enzyme displays both phosphomono- and phosphodiesterase activities, in addition to supposed protein phosphatase activity. It still remains unknown, to which particular phosphatase class the amoeban "middle" and "fast" phosphatases (pH 9.0) may be assigned.

  18. Chromosome specific repetitive DNA sequences

    DOEpatents

    Moyzis, Robert K.; Meyne, Julianne

    1991-01-01

    A method is provided for determining specific nucleotide sequences useful in forming a probe which can identify specific chromosomes, preferably through in situ hybridization within the cell itself. In one embodiment, chromosome preferential nucleotide sequences are first determined from a library of recombinant DNA clones having families of repetitive sequences. Library clones are identified with a low homology with a sequence of repetitive DNA families to which the first clones respectively belong and variant sequences are then identified by selecting clones having a pattern of hybridization with genomic DNA dissimilar to the hybridization pattern shown by the respective families. In another embodiment, variant sequences are selected from a sequence of a known repetitive DNA family. The selected variant sequence is classified as chromosome specific, chromosome preferential, or chromosome nonspecific. Sequences which are classified as chromosome preferential are further sequenced and regions are identified having a low homology with other regions of the chromosome preferential sequence or with known sequences of other family me This invention is the result of a contract with the Department of Energy (Contract No. W-7405-ENG-36).

  19. Logic programming and metadata specifications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lopez, Antonio M., Jr.; Saacks, Marguerite E.

    1992-01-01

    Artificial intelligence (AI) ideas and techniques are critical to the development of intelligent information systems that will be used to collect, manipulate, and retrieve the vast amounts of space data produced by 'Missions to Planet Earth.' Natural language processing, inference, and expert systems are at the core of this space application of AI. This paper presents logic programming as an AI tool that can support inference (the ability to draw conclusions from a set of complicated and interrelated facts). It reports on the use of logic programming in the study of metadata specifications for a small problem domain of airborne sensors, and the dataset characteristics and pointers that are needed for data access.

  20. Specific EEG frequencies at specific brain areas and performance.

    PubMed

    Fernández, T; Harmony, T; Silva-Pereyra, J; Fernández-Bouzas, A; Gersenowies, J; Galán, L; Carbonell, F; Marosi, E; Otero, G; Valdés, S I

    2000-08-21

    In this study it was shown that in adults, the frequency characteristics of EEG preceding stimuli that were followed by incorrect responses were different from the characteristics of EEG preceding stimuli that were followed by correct responses. In the recording during three different tasks that explore different neuronal networks, higher values of current preceding incorrect performance in those areas directly related to the task were found in frequencies within the delta (1.56 and 3.12 Hz) and beta bands (13.26, 14.04, 14.82, 15.6, 17.16 and 17.94 Hz), suggesting that these frequencies signal inhibition. Frequencies within the alpha band (9.36 and 12.48 Hz) showed greater energy preceding correct responses in task-specific areas, supporting previous results observed in children.

  1. Flight Guidance System Requirements Specification

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Miller, Steven P.; Tribble, Alan C.; Carlson, Timothy M.; Danielson, Eric J.

    2003-01-01

    This report describes a requirements specification written in the RSML-e language for the mode logic of a Flight Guidance System of a typical regional jet aircraft. This model was created as one of the first steps in a five-year project sponsored by the NASA Langley Research Center, Rockwell Collins Inc., and the Critical Systems Research Group of the University of Minnesota to develop new methods and tools to improve the safety of avionics designs. This model will be used to demonstrate the application of a variety of methods and techniques, including safety analysis of system and subsystem requirements, verification of key properties using theorem provers and model checkers, identification of potential sources mode confusion in system designs, partitioning of applications based on the criticality of system hazards, and autogeneration of avionics quality code. While this model is representative of the mode logic of a typical regional jet aircraft, it does not describe an actual or planned product. Several aspects of a full Flight Guidance System, such as recovery from failed sensors, have been omitted, and no claims are made regarding the accuracy or completeness of this specification.

  2. [Specific immunotherapy. Hyposensitization with allergens].

    PubMed

    Wedi, B; Kapp, A

    2004-04-01

    Successful allergen-specific immunotherapy (SIT) induces complex immunologic chan-ges resulting in reduced allergic inflammatory reactions. SIT has long-term effects in mild forms of inhalant allergies and is effective even when standard pharmacotherapy fails. Moreover, the risk to develop additional allergic sensitizations and the development of asthma is significantly reduced in children with allergic rhinitis. SIT is the treatment of choice in patients with systemic reactions to hymenoptera venoms. Although the exact effector mechanisms of SIT still have to be clarified, the most probable effect is a modulation of regulatory T cells associated with a switch of allergen-specific B-cells towards IgG4 production. The critical point to insure efficacy and safety is the selection of patients and allergens, task best performed by a specialist trained in allergology. Further details are available in the position papers of the German allergy societies - DGAI(Deutsche Gesellschaft fiir Allergologie und Klinische Immunologie) and ADA (Arzte-verband Deutscher Allergologen) - which can be found at www.dgaki.de.

  3. Arithmetic Memory Is Modality Specific.

    PubMed

    Myers, Timothy; Szücs, Dénes

    2015-01-01

    In regards to numerical cognition and working memory, it is an open question as to whether numbers are stored into and retrieved from a central abstract representation or from separate notation-specific representations. This study seeks to help answer this by utilizing the numeral modality effect (NME) in three experiments to explore how numbers are processed by the human brain. The participants were presented with numbers (1-9) as either Arabic digits or written number words (Arabic digits and dot matrices in Experiment 2) at the first (S1) and second (S2) stimuli. The participant's task was to add the first two stimuli together and verify whether the answer (S3), presented simultaneously with S2, was correct. We hypothesized that if reaction time (RT) at S2/S3 depends on the modality of S1 then numbers are retrieved from modality specific memory stores. Indeed, RT depended on the modality of S1 whenever S2 was an Arabic digit which argues against the concept of numbers being stored and retrieved from a central, abstract representation.

  4. Arithmetic Memory Is Modality Specific

    PubMed Central

    Myers, Timothy; Szücs, Dénes

    2015-01-01

    In regards to numerical cognition and working memory, it is an open question as to whether numbers are stored into and retrieved from a central abstract representation or from separate notation-specific representations. This study seeks to help answer this by utilizing the numeral modality effect (NME) in three experiments to explore how numbers are processed by the human brain. The participants were presented with numbers (1–9) as either Arabic digits or written number words (Arabic digits and dot matrices in Experiment 2) at the first (S1) and second (S2) stimuli. The participant’s task was to add the first two stimuli together and verify whether the answer (S3), presented simultaneously with S2, was correct. We hypothesized that if reaction time (RT) at S2/S3 depends on the modality of S1 then numbers are retrieved from modality specific memory stores. Indeed, RT depended on the modality of S1 whenever S2 was an Arabic digit which argues against the concept of numbers being stored and retrieved from a central, abstract representation. PMID:26716692

  5. SPECIES SPECIFICITY OF LEUKOCYTIC PYROGENS

    PubMed Central

    Bornstein, Donald L.; Woods, James W.

    1969-01-01

    Polymorphonuclear neutrophilic leukocytes of the dog, cat, and goat release leukocytic pyrogen under the same conditions as the heterophile polymorphonuclear leukocytes of the rabbit. The characteristics of the febrile response to an intravenous injection of homologous leukocytic pyrogen in all four species are very similar: a brisk monophasic fever reaching a peak between 30 and 50 min with smooth defervescence to the baseline by 3 hr. Shivering, which is not obvious in the rabbit, is noted in the dog, cat, and goat during the first 30 min. Quantitative differences in response reveal the cat to be the most sensitive of of these species to homologous leukocytic pyrogen, followed by the rabbit, dog, and goat. The response to heterologous pyrogen is in most cases markedly diminished compared to that after equal doses of homologous protein, suggesting the operation of species specificity, although canine and feline pyrogen behaved very similarly in all tests. Species specificity of leukocytic pyrogen is probably related to amino acid substitutions in different species of a common mammalian protein effector molecule. PMID:5343431

  6. Specific test and evaluation plan

    SciTech Connect

    Hays, W.H.

    1998-03-20

    The purpose of this Specific Test and Evaluation Plan (STEP) is to provide a detailed written plan for the systematic testing of modifications made to the 241-AX-B Valve Pit by the W-314 Project. The STEP develops the outline for test procedures that verify the system`s performance to the established Project design criteria. The STEP is a lower tier document based on the W-314 Test and Evaluation Plan (TEP). Testing includes Validations and Verifications (e.g., Commercial Grade Item Dedication activities), Factory Acceptance Tests (FATs), installation tests and inspections, Construction Acceptance Tests (CATs), Acceptance Test Procedures (ATPs), Pre-Operational Test Procedures (POTPs), andmore » Operational Test Procedures (OTPs). It should be noted that POTPs are not required for testing of the transfer line addition. The STEP will be utilized in conjunction with the TEP for verification and validation.« less

  7. DETERMINATION OF SPECIFIC NEUTRONIC REACTIVITY

    DOEpatents

    Dessauer, G.

    1960-05-10

    A method is given for production-line determination of the specific neutronic reactivity of such objects as individual nuclear fuel or neutron absorber elements and is notable for rapidity and apparatus simplicity. The object is incorporated in a slightly sub-critical chain fission reactive assembly having a discrete neutron source, thereby establishing a K/sub eff/ within the crucial range of 0.95 to 0.995. The range was found to afford, uniquely, flux- transient damped response in a niatter of seconds simultaneously with acceptable analytical sensitivity. The resulting neutron flux measured at a situs spaced from both object and source within the assembly serves as a calibrable indication of said reactivity.

  8. Genetic specificity of face recognition.

    PubMed

    Shakeshaft, Nicholas G; Plomin, Robert

    2015-10-13

    Specific cognitive abilities in diverse domains are typically found to be highly heritable and substantially correlated with general cognitive ability (g), both phenotypically and genetically. Recent twin studies have found the ability to memorize and recognize faces to be an exception, being similarly heritable but phenotypically substantially uncorrelated both with g and with general object recognition. However, the genetic relationships between face recognition and other abilities (the extent to which they share a common genetic etiology) cannot be determined from phenotypic associations. In this, to our knowledge, first study of the genetic associations between face recognition and other domains, 2,000 18- and 19-year-old United Kingdom twins completed tests assessing their face recognition, object recognition, and general cognitive abilities. Results confirmed the substantial heritability of face recognition (61%), and multivariate genetic analyses found that most of this genetic influence is unique and not shared with other cognitive abilities.

  9. Genetic specificity of face recognition

    PubMed Central

    Shakeshaft, Nicholas G.; Plomin, Robert

    2015-01-01

    Specific cognitive abilities in diverse domains are typically found to be highly heritable and substantially correlated with general cognitive ability (g), both phenotypically and genetically. Recent twin studies have found the ability to memorize and recognize faces to be an exception, being similarly heritable but phenotypically substantially uncorrelated both with g and with general object recognition. However, the genetic relationships between face recognition and other abilities (the extent to which they share a common genetic etiology) cannot be determined from phenotypic associations. In this, to our knowledge, first study of the genetic associations between face recognition and other domains, 2,000 18- and 19-year-old United Kingdom twins completed tests assessing their face recognition, object recognition, and general cognitive abilities. Results confirmed the substantial heritability of face recognition (61%), and multivariate genetic analyses found that most of this genetic influence is unique and not shared with other cognitive abilities. PMID:26417086

  10. Molecular-specific urokinase antibodies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Atassi, M. Zouhair (Inventor); Morrison, Dennis R. (Inventor)

    2009-01-01

    Antibodies have been developed against the different molecular forms of urokinase using synthetic peptides as immunogens. The peptides were synthesized specifically to represent those regions of the urokinase molecules which are exposed in the three-dimensional configuration of the molecule and are uniquely homologous to urokinase. Antibodies are directed against the lysine 158-isoleucine 159 peptide bond which is cleaved during activation from the single-chain (ScuPA) form to the bioactive double chain (54 KDa and 33 KDa) forms of urokinase and against the lysine 135 lysine 136 bond that is cleaved in the process of removing the alpha-chain from the 54 KDa form to produce the 33 KDa form of urokinase. These antibodies enable the direct measurement of the different molecular forms of urokinase from small samples of conditioned medium harvested from cell cultures.

  11. Crashworthy railing for timber bridges

    Treesearch

    Michael A. Ritter; Ronald K. Faller; Sheila Rimal Duwadi

    1999-01-01

    Bridge railing systems in the United States have historically beers designed based on static load criteria given in the American Association of State Highway and Transportation 0fficials (AASHTO) Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges. In the past decade, full-scale vehicle crash testing has been recognized as a more appropriate and reliable method of evaluating...

  12. Formal specification of human-computer interfaces

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Auernheimer, Brent

    1990-01-01

    A high-level formal specification of a human computer interface is described. Previous work is reviewed and the ASLAN specification language is described. Top-level specifications written in ASLAN for a library and a multiwindow interface are discussed.

  13. LAS bioconcentration is isomer specific

    SciTech Connect

    Tolls, J.; Haller, M.; Graaf, I. de

    1995-12-31

    The authors measured parent compound specific bioconcentration data for linear alkylbenzene sulfonates in Pimephales promelas. They did so by using cold, custom synthesized sulfophenyl alkanes. They observed that, within homologous series of isomers, the uptake rate constants (k{sub 1}) and the bioconcentration factor (BCF) increase with increasing number of carbon atoms in the alkyl chain (n{sub C-atoms}). In contrast, the elimination rate constant k{sub 2} appears to be independent of the alkyl chain length. Regressions of log BCF vs n{sub C-atoms} yielded different slopes for the homologous groups of the 5- and the 2-sulfophenyl alkane isomers. Regression of all logmore » BCF-data vs log 1/CMC yielded a good description of the data. However, when regressing the data for both homologous series separately again very different slopes are obtained. The results therefore indicate that hydrophobicity-bioconcentration relationships may be different for different homologous groups of sulfophenyl alkanes.« less

  14. Specific radioisotopic assay for cholinesterase

    SciTech Connect

    Talbot, B.G.; Anderson, D.R.; Harris, L.W.

    1992-02-01

    The authors have developed a radiometric method (1) for measuring cholinesterase (ChE) activity that uses 0.4 N perchloric acid (PCA), instead of p-dioxane (method 2), to denature the ChE and stop hydrolysis of acetyl-1-{sup 14}C-choline (ACh). The unreacted ACh is removed by IRP-69 cationic exchange resin suspended in water, instead of dioxane. The supernatant containing the hydrolysis product, {sup 14}C-acetic acid, is mixed with nonhazardous scintillation cocktail and counted. The incubation mixture of 1 is similar to 2 and contains 0.1 ml of buffer-salt solution 0.1 ml of guinea pig whole blood (WB)-water suspension and 0.1 ml of 3 mMmore » ACh solution. Procedures 1 and 2 were compared to a titragraphic assay for ChE activity; specific activity values of WB (mmol ACh hydrolyzed/ml/hr) were found to be 137.6, 72.4 and 135.0, respectively. When {sup 14}C-acetic acid was processed through procedures 1 and 2, significantly less {sup 14}C was found in the supernatant from 2, whereas all of the expected {sup 14}C was found in the supernatant from 1, suggesting that IRP-69 resin in dioxane will remove significant amounts of {sup 14}C-acetic acid.« less

  15. High specific activity silicon-32

    DOEpatents

    Phillips, Dennis R.; Brzezinski, Mark A.

    1996-01-01

    A process for preparation of silicon-32 is provided and includes contacting an irradiated potassium chloride target, including spallation products from a prior irradiation, with sufficient water, hydrochloric acid or potassium hydroxide to form a solution, filtering the solution, adjusting pH of the solution to from about 5.5 to about 7.5, admixing sufficient molybdate-reagent to the solution to adjust the pH of the solution to about 1.5 and to form a silicon-molybdate complex, contacting the solution including the silicon-molybdate complex with a dextran-based material, washing the dextran-based material to remove residual contaminants such as sodium-22, separating the silicon-molybdate complex from the dextran-based material as another solution, adding sufficient hydrochloric acid and hydrogen peroxide to the solution to prevent reformation of the silicon-molybdate complex and to yield an oxidization state of the molybdate adapted for subsequent separation by an anion exchange material, contacting the solution with an anion exchange material whereby the molybdate is retained by the anion exchange material and the silicon remains in solution, and optionally adding sufficient alkali metal hydroxide to adjust the pH of the solution to about 12 to 13. Additionally, a high specific activity silicon-32 product having a high purity is provided.

  16. High specific activity silicon-32

    DOEpatents

    Phillips, D.R.; Brzezinski, M.A.

    1996-06-11

    A process for preparation of silicon-32 is provided and includes contacting an irradiated potassium chloride target, including spallation products from a prior irradiation, with sufficient water, hydrochloric acid or potassium hydroxide to form a solution, filtering the solution, adjusting pH of the solution from about 5.5 to about 7.5, admixing sufficient molybdate-reagent to the solution to adjust the pH of the solution to about 1.5 and to form a silicon-molybdate complex, contacting the solution including the silicon-molybdate complex with a dextran-based material, washing the dextran-based material to remove residual contaminants such as sodium-22, separating the silicon-molybdate complex from the dextran-based material as another solution, adding sufficient hydrochloric acid and hydrogen peroxide to the solution to prevent reformation of the silicon-molybdate complex and to yield an oxidation state of the molybdate adapted for subsequent separation by an anion exchange material, contacting the solution with an anion exchange material whereby the molybdate is retained by the anion exchange material and the silicon remains in solution, and optionally adding sufficient alkali metal hydroxide to adjust the pH of the solution to about 12 to 13. Additionally, a high specific activity silicon-32 product having a high purity is provided.

  17. Nanomechanics for specific biological detection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alvarez, Mar; Carrascosa, Laura G.; Tamayo, Javier; Calle, Ana; Lechuga, Laura M.

    2003-04-01

    Nanomechanical biosensors have emerged as a promising platform for specific biological. Among the advantages are direct detection without need of labelling with fluorescent or radioactive molecules, very high sensitivity, reduced sensor area, and suitability for integration using silicon technology. Here we have studied the immobilization of oligonucleotide monolayers by monitoring the microcantilever bending. Oligonucleotides were derivatized with thiol molecules for self-assembly on the gold-coated side of a microcantilever. The geometry of the binding and the surface density were studied by mixing derivatized oligonucleotides with spacer self-assembled monolayers and by controlling the oligonucleotide functional group form. These results are compared with fluoresencent and chemiluminescence techniques. Furthermore, we present the first results of direct pesticide detection with microcantilever-based biosensors. Herbicide DDT was detected by performing competitive assays, in which the cantilever was coated with a synthetic DDT hapten, and it was exposured to different rations between the monoclonal antibody and the DDT. A new technique is presented for the detection of the nanomechanical response for biosensing applications, in which the resonant frequency is measured with about two orders of magnitude higher sensitivity. The low quality factor of the microcantilever in liquid is increased up by using an active feedback control, in which the cantilever oscillation is amplified and delayed and it is used as a driving force. The technique has been applied for the detection of ethanol, proteins, and pathogens.

  18. The Specificity Principle in Acculturation Science

    PubMed Central

    Bornstein, Marc H.

    2016-01-01

    The Specificity Principle in Acculturation Science asserts that specific setting conditions of specific people at specific times moderate specific domains in acculturation by specific processes. Our understanding of acculturation depends critically on what is studied where, in whom, how, and when. This article defines, explains, and illustrates the Specificity Principle in Acculturation Science. Research hypotheses about acculturation can be more adequately tested, inconsistencies and discrepancies in the acculturation literature can be satisfactorily resolved, acculturation interventions can be tailored to be more successful, and acculturation policies can be brought to new levels of effectiveness if the specificity principle that governs acculturation science is more widely recognized. PMID:28073331

  19. The Specificity Principle in Acculturation Science.

    PubMed

    Bornstein, Marc H

    2017-01-01

    The specificity principle in acculturation science asserts that specific setting conditions of specific people at specific times moderate specific domains in acculturation by specific processes. Our understanding of acculturation depends critically on what is studied where, in whom, how, and when. This article defines, explains, and illustrates the specificity principle in acculturation science. Research hypotheses about acculturation can be more adequately tested, inconsistencies and discrepancies in the acculturation literature can be satisfactorily resolved, acculturation interventions can be tailored to be more successful, and acculturation policies can be brought to new levels of effectiveness if the specificity principle that governs acculturation science is more widely recognized.

  20. Object Agreement and Specificity in Early Swahili

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deen, Kamil Ud

    2006-01-01

    Schaeffer (1997, 2000) argues that children lack knowledge of specificity because Dutch children omit determiners and fail to scramble pronouns. Avrutin & Brun (2001), however, find that Russian children place arguments correctly according to whether they are specific or non-specific. This paper investigates object agreement and specificity in…

  1. 40 CFR 87.81 - Fuel specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM AIRCRAFT AND AIRCRAFT ENGINES Test Procedures for Engine Smoke Emissions (Aircraft Gas Turbine Engines) § 87.81 Fuel specifications. Fuel having specifications as provided in § 87...

  2. 40 CFR 87.81 - Fuel specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM AIRCRAFT AND AIRCRAFT ENGINES Test Procedures for Engine Smoke Emissions (Aircraft Gas Turbine Engines) § 87.81 Fuel specifications. Fuel having specifications as provided in § 87...

  3. Goddard trajectory determination subsystem: Mathematical specifications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wagner, W. E. (Editor); Velez, C. E. (Editor)

    1972-01-01

    The mathematical specifications of the Goddard trajectory determination subsystem of the flight dynamics system are presented. These specifications include the mathematical description of the coordinate systems, dynamic and measurement model, numerical integration techniques, and statistical estimation concepts.

  4. 21 CFR 660.44 - Specificity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... STANDARDS FOR DIAGNOSTIC SUBSTANCES FOR LABORATORY TESTS Hepatitis B Surface Antigen § 660.44 Specificity. Each filling of the product shall be specific for Hepatitis B Surface Antigen as determined by...

  5. 21 CFR 660.44 - Specificity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... STANDARDS FOR DIAGNOSTIC SUBSTANCES FOR LABORATORY TESTS Hepatitis B Surface Antigen § 660.44 Specificity. Each filling of the product shall be specific for Hepatitis B Surface Antigen as determined by...

  6. 21 CFR 660.5 - Specificity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... STANDARDS FOR DIAGNOSTIC SUBSTANCES FOR LABORATORY TESTS Antibody to Hepatitis B Surface Antigen § 660.5 Specificity. Each filling of the product shall be specific for antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen, as...

  7. 21 CFR 660.5 - Specificity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... STANDARDS FOR DIAGNOSTIC SUBSTANCES FOR LABORATORY TESTS Antibody to Hepatitis B Surface Antigen § 660.5 Specificity. Each filling of the product shall be specific for antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen, as...

  8. 21 CFR 660.44 - Specificity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... STANDARDS FOR DIAGNOSTIC SUBSTANCES FOR LABORATORY TESTS Hepatitis B Surface Antigen § 660.44 Specificity. Each filling of the product shall be specific for Hepatitis B Surface Antigen as determined by...

  9. 21 CFR 660.5 - Specificity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... STANDARDS FOR DIAGNOSTIC SUBSTANCES FOR LABORATORY TESTS Antibody to Hepatitis B Surface Antigen § 660.5 Specificity. Each filling of the product shall be specific for antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen, as...

  10. 46 CFR 174.030 - Specific applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... PERTAINING TO SPECIFIC VESSEL TYPES Special Rules Pertaining to Mobile Offshore Drilling Units § 174.030 Specific applicability. Each mobile offshore drilling unit (MODU) inspected under Subchapter IA of this...

  11. 46 CFR 174.030 - Specific applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... PERTAINING TO SPECIFIC VESSEL TYPES Special Rules Pertaining to Mobile Offshore Drilling Units § 174.030 Specific applicability. Each mobile offshore drilling unit (MODU) inspected under Subchapter IA of this...

  12. Performance related specifications for bituminous concrete.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    1984-01-01

    This report discusses the philosophy and evolution of performance related specifications. The properties of most .importance in the construction of asphaltic concrete pavements, as well as the associated specifications, are listed and discussed. The ...

  13. Evaluation of new asphalt concrete density specification.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    1988-01-01

    The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate a new asphalt concrete density specification that utilizes a nuclear gauge and a control strip technique. The specification was studied on two field projects, and recommendations were made to improve ...

  14. 14 CFR 34.81 - Fuel specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... EXHAUST EMISSION REQUIREMENTS FOR TURBINE ENGINE POWERED AIRPLANES Test Procedures for Engine Smoke Emissions (Aircraft Gas Turbine Engines) § 34.81 Fuel specifications. Fuel having specifications as provided...

  15. 46 CFR 174.300 - Specific applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... PERTAINING TO SPECIFIC VESSEL TYPES Hopper Dredges With Working Freeboard Assignments § 174.300 Specific applicability. This subpart applies to each self-propelled hopper dredge for which a working freeboard...

  16. 46 CFR 174.300 - Specific applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... PERTAINING TO SPECIFIC VESSEL TYPES Hopper Dredges With Working Freeboard Assignments § 174.300 Specific applicability. This subpart applies to each self-propelled hopper dredge for which a working freeboard...

  17. 21 CFR 660.5 - Specificity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... STANDARDS FOR DIAGNOSTIC SUBSTANCES FOR LABORATORY TESTS Antibody to Hepatitis B Surface Antigen § 660.5 Specificity. Each filling of the product shall be specific for antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen, as...

  18. 21 CFR 660.44 - Specificity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... STANDARDS FOR DIAGNOSTIC SUBSTANCES FOR LABORATORY TESTS Hepatitis B Surface Antigen § 660.44 Specificity. Each filling of the product shall be specific for Hepatitis B Surface Antigen as determined by...

  19. Domain and Specification Models for Software Engineering

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Iscoe, Neil; Liu, Zheng-Yang; Feng, Guohui

    1992-01-01

    This paper discusses our approach to representing application domain knowledge for specific software engineering tasks. Application domain knowledge is embodied in a domain model. Domain models are used to assist in the creation of specification models. Although many different specification models can be created from any particular domain model, each specification model is consistent and correct with respect to the domain model. One aspect of the system-hierarchical organization is described in detail.

  20. Information Concerning Preparation of Specifications for Carpeting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilliland, John W.

    This paper argues for detailed, written carpeting specifications to assure that schools obtain quality products at competitive prices. The advantages of and specifications for school carpeting are given. A sample written specification contains items on: scope, general features, materials, acoustic characteristics, identification and acoustic…

  1. Methods for chromosome-specific staining

    DOEpatents

    Gray, Joe W.; Pinkel, Daniel

    1995-01-01

    Methods and compositions for chromosome-specific staining are provided. Compositions comprise heterogenous mixtures of labeled nucleic acid fragments having substantially complementary base sequences to unique sequence regions of the chromosomal DNA for which their associated staining reagent is specific. Methods include methods for making the chromosome-specific staining compositions of the invention, and methods for applying the staining compositions to chromosomes.

  2. 31 CFR 598.315 - Specific license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Specific license. 598.315 Section 598.315 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... Definitions § 598.315 Specific license. The term specific license means any license not set forth in this part...

  3. 31 CFR 598.315 - Specific license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Specific license. 598.315 Section 598.315 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... Definitions § 598.315 Specific license. The term specific license means any license not set forth in this part...

  4. 31 CFR 598.315 - Specific license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Specific license. 598.315 Section 598.315 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... Definitions § 598.315 Specific license. The term specific license means any license not set forth in this part...

  5. 31 CFR 598.315 - Specific license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Specific license. 598.315 Section 598.315 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... Definitions § 598.315 Specific license. The term specific license means any license not set forth in this part...

  6. 31 CFR 598.315 - Specific license.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Specific license. 598.315 Section 598.315 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... Definitions § 598.315 Specific license. The term specific license means any license not set forth in this part...

  7. 46 CFR 174.300 - Specific applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Specific applicability. 174.300 Section 174.300 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SUBDIVISION AND STABILITY SPECIAL RULES PERTAINING TO SPECIFIC VESSEL TYPES Hopper Dredges With Working Freeboard Assignments § 174.300 Specific...

  8. Specific cooling capacity of liquid nitrogen

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kilgore, R. A.; Adcock, J. B.

    1977-01-01

    The assumed cooling process and the method used to calculate the specific cooling capacity of liquid nitrogen are described, and the simple equation fitted to the calculated specific cooling capacity data, together with the graphical form calculated values of the specific cooling capacity of nitrogen for stagnation temperatures from saturation to 350 K and stagnation pressures from 1 to 10 atmospheres, are given.

  9. 21 CFR 660.5 - Specificity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Specificity. 660.5 Section 660.5 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) BIOLOGICS ADDITIONAL... Specificity. Each filling of the product shall be specific for antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen, as...

  10. Requirements Specification Language (RSL) and supporting tools

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Frincke, Deborah; Wolber, Dave; Fisher, Gene; Cohen, Gerald C.

    1992-01-01

    This document describes a general purpose Requirement Specification Language (RSL). RSL is a hybrid of features found in several popular requirement specification languages. The purpose of RSL is to describe precisely the external structure of a system comprised of hardware, software, and human processing elements. To overcome the deficiencies of informal specification languages, RSL includes facilities for mathematical specification. Two RSL interface tools are described. The Browser view contains a complete document with all details of the objects and operations. The Dataflow view is a specialized, operation-centered depiction of a specification that shows how specified operations relate in terms of inputs and outputs.

  11. 77 FR 27490 - Plant-Specific Adoption, Revision 4 of the Improved Standard Technical Specifications

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-10

    ...,'' NUREG-1432, ``Standard Technical Specifications, Combustion Engineering Plants,'' NUREG-1433, ``Standard..., ``Standard Technical Specifications, Combustion Engineering Plants'' Revision 4, ADAMS Accession No..., Westinghouse Plants''.. NUREG-1432, ``Standard Technical ML12102A165 ML12102A169 Specifications, Combustion...

  12. Specific phobia predicts psychopathology in young women

    PubMed Central

    Margraf, Jürgen; Vriends, Noortje; Meyer, Andrea H.; Becker, Eni S.

    2009-01-01

    Background Although specific phobia is characterized by an early age at onset and by high rates of comorbidity, few studies have examined comorbid relationships prospectively. Objectives The present study investigated the association between specific phobia and the risk of a broad range of psychopathology among young women in the community. Method Data came from the Dresden Predictor Study in which 1,538 German women (18–25 years) completed a diagnostic interview at two time points. Results Women with specific phobia had a twofold increase in odds of developing any anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, depression, and any somatoform disorder during 17 months, compared to women without specific phobia. Except for depression, these associations persisted after adjustment for all comorbid mental disorders. Conclusions Specific phobia thus appears to be a risk factor for a variety of problems. The result further underpins the necessity for early intervention for specific phobia to prevent later mental health problems. PMID:19888542

  13. Identification of tissue-specific targeting peptide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jung, Eunkyoung; Lee, Nam Kyung; Kang, Sang-Kee; Choi, Seung-Hoon; Kim, Daejin; Park, Kisoo; Choi, Kihang; Choi, Yun-Jaie; Jung, Dong Hyun

    2012-11-01

    Using phage display technique, we identified tissue-targeting peptide sets that recognize specific tissues (bone-marrow dendritic cell, kidney, liver, lung, spleen and visceral adipose tissue). In order to rapidly evaluate tissue-specific targeting peptides, we performed machine learning studies for predicting the tissue-specific targeting activity of peptides on the basis of peptide sequence information using four machine learning models and isolated the groups of peptides capable of mediating selective targeting to specific tissues. As a representative liver-specific targeting sequence, the peptide "DKNLQLH" was selected by the sequence similarity analysis. This peptide has a high degree of homology with protein ligands which can interact with corresponding membrane counterparts. We anticipate that our models will be applicable to the prediction of tissue-specific targeting peptides which can recognize the endothelial markers of target tissues.

  14. Methods for chromosome-specific staining

    DOEpatents

    Gray, J.W.; Pinkel, D.

    1995-09-05

    Methods and compositions for chromosome-specific staining are provided. Compositions comprise heterogeneous mixtures of labeled nucleic acid fragments having substantially complementary base sequences to unique sequence regions of the chromosomal DNA for which their associated staining reagent is specific. Methods include ways for making the chromosome-specific staining compositions of the invention, and methods for applying the staining compositions to chromosomes. 3 figs.

  15. Formal specification and verification of Ada software

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hird, Geoffrey R.

    1991-01-01

    The use of formal methods in software development achieves levels of quality assurance unobtainable by other means. The Larch approach to specification is described, and the specification of avionics software designed to implement the logic of a flight control system is given as an example. Penelope is described which is an Ada-verification environment. The Penelope user inputs mathematical definitions, Larch-style specifications and Ada code and performs machine-assisted proofs that the code obeys its specifications. As an example, the verification of a binary search function is considered. Emphasis is given to techniques assisting the reuse of a verification effort on modified code.

  16. User Interface Technology for Formal Specification Development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lowry, Michael; Philpot, Andrew; Pressburger, Thomas; Underwood, Ian; Lum, Henry, Jr. (Technical Monitor)

    1994-01-01

    Formal specification development and modification are an essential component of the knowledge-based software life cycle. User interface technology is needed to empower end-users to create their own formal specifications. This paper describes the advanced user interface for AMPHION1 a knowledge-based software engineering system that targets scientific subroutine libraries. AMPHION is a generic, domain-independent architecture that is specialized to an application domain through a declarative domain theory. Formal specification development and reuse is made accessible to end-users through an intuitive graphical interface that provides semantic guidance in creating diagrams denoting formal specifications in an application domain. The diagrams also serve to document the specifications. Automatic deductive program synthesis ensures that end-user specifications are correctly implemented. The tables that drive AMPHION's user interface are automatically compiled from a domain theory; portions of the interface can be customized by the end-user. The user interface facilitates formal specification development by hiding syntactic details, such as logical notation. It also turns some of the barriers for end-user specification development associated with strongly typed formal languages into active sources of guidance, without restricting advanced users. The interface is especially suited for specification modification. AMPHION has been applied to the domain of solar system kinematics through the development of a declarative domain theory. Testing over six months with planetary scientists indicates that AMPHION's interactive specification acquisition paradigm enables users to develop, modify, and reuse specifications at least an order of magnitude more rapidly than manual program development.

  17. 11 CFR 1.14 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... to refer apparent violations of the Act to the Attorney General or other law enforcement authorities... 11 Federal Elections 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Specific exemptions. 1.14 Section 1.14 Federal Elections FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION PRIVACY ACT § 1.14 Specific exemptions. (a) No individual, under the...

  18. 50 CFR 648.122 - Scup specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... conjunction with each ACL and ACT, a sector specific research set-aside, estimates of sector-related discards... ensure the sector-specific ACL for an upcoming fishing year or years will not be exceeded. The measures... recreational measures are necessary to ensure that the sector ACL will not be exceeded, he or she will publish...

  19. 50 CFR 648.122 - Scup specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... conjunction with each ACL and ACT, a sector specific research set-aside, estimates of sector-related discards... ensure the sector-specific ACL for an upcoming fishing year or years will not be exceeded. The measures... recreational measures are necessary to ensure that the sector ACL will not be exceeded, he or she will publish...

  20. 50 CFR 648.122 - Scup specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... conjunction with each ACL and ACT, a sector specific research set-aside, estimates of sector-related discards... ensure the sector-specific ACL for an upcoming fishing year or years will not be exceeded. The measures... recreational measures are necessary to ensure that the sector ACL will not be exceeded, he or she will publish...

  1. 16 CFR § 1210.15 - Specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Specifications. § 1210.15 Section § 1210.15 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Certification Requirements § 1210.15 Specifications. (a...

  2. 16 CFR 1210.15 - Specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Specifications. 1210.15 Section 1210.15 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Certification Requirements § 1210.15 Specifications. (a) Requirement...

  3. 10 CFR 26.9 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Specific exemptions. 26.9 Section 26.9 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION FITNESS FOR DUTY PROGRAMS Administrative Provisions § 26.9 Specific exemptions. Upon application of any interested person or on its own initiative, the Commission may grant such exemptions from...

  4. 10 CFR 26.9 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Specific exemptions. 26.9 Section 26.9 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION FITNESS FOR DUTY PROGRAMS Administrative Provisions § 26.9 Specific exemptions. Upon application of any interested person or on its own initiative, the Commission may grant such exemptions from...

  5. The Specificity of Creativity: Figurative and Scientific

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bernal, Ana; Esparza, Javier; Ruiz, María-José; Ferrando, Mercedes; Sainz, Marta

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: This work tackles the question about the nature of creativity as a general vs. domain-specific ability. First we deal with the concept of creativity and then, the main approaches to the debate of generality vs. specificity are exposed. Method: A total of 133 students attending 3rd grade of secondary education in Murcia Region took…

  6. 32 CFR 292.4 - Specific policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Specific policy. 292.4 Section 292.4 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT PROGRAM DEFENSE INTELLIGENCE AGENCY (DIA) FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT § 292.4 Specific policy...

  7. 32 CFR 292.4 - Specific policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Specific policy. 292.4 Section 292.4 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT PROGRAM DEFENSE INTELLIGENCE AGENCY (DIA) FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT § 292.4 Specific policy...

  8. 32 CFR 292.4 - Specific policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Specific policy. 292.4 Section 292.4 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT PROGRAM DEFENSE INTELLIGENCE AGENCY (DIA) FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT § 292.4 Specific policy...

  9. Autonomy Level Specification for Intelligent Autonomous Vehicles

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-09-01

    Autonomy Level Specification for Intelligent Autonomous Vehicles : Interim Progress Report Hui-Min Huang, Elena Messina, James Albus...Level Specification for Intelligent Autonomous Vehicles : Interim Progress Report 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6

  10. 16 CFR 1210.15 - Specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR CIGARETTE LIGHTERS Certification Requirements § 1210.15 Specifications. (a) Requirement... described in a written product specification. (Section 1210.4(c) requires that six surrogate lighters be...

  11. 16 CFR 1209.35 - Product specification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Product specification. 1209.35 Section 1209.35 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS INTERIM SAFETY STANDARD FOR CELLULOSE INSULATION Certification § 1209.35 Product specification. (a...

  12. 14 CFR 91.1015 - Management specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Management specifications. 91.1015 Section... Operations Program Management § 91.1015 Management specifications. (a) Each person conducting operations under this subpart or furnishing fractional ownership program management services to fractional owners...

  13. 16 CFR 1014.12 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Specific exemptions. 1014.12 Section 1014.12 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL POLICIES AND PROCEDURES IMPLEMENTING THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 1014.12 Specific exemptions. (a) Injury information. (1) The Bureau of Epidemiology...

  14. 28 CFR 0.101 - Specific functions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Specific functions. 0.101 Section 0.101 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE ORGANIZATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Drug Enforcement Administration § 0.101 Specific functions. The Administrator of the Drug Enforcement Administration shall be...

  15. 14 CFR 23.1397 - Color specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: NORMAL, UTILITY, ACROBATIC, AND COMMUTER CATEGORY AIRPLANES Equipment Lights § 23.1397 Color specifications. Each position light color must have the applicable International Commission on... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Color specifications. 23.1397 Section 23...

  16. 14 CFR 23.1397 - Color specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: NORMAL, UTILITY, ACROBATIC, AND COMMUTER CATEGORY AIRPLANES Equipment Lights § 23.1397 Color specifications. Each position light color must have the applicable International Commission on... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Color specifications. 23.1397 Section 23...

  17. 14 CFR 23.1397 - Color specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: NORMAL, UTILITY, ACROBATIC, AND COMMUTER CATEGORY AIRPLANES Equipment Lights § 23.1397 Color specifications. Each position light color must have the applicable International Commission on... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Color specifications. 23.1397 Section 23...

  18. 14 CFR 27.1397 - Color specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: NORMAL CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Equipment Lights § 27.1397 Color specifications. Each position light color must have the applicable International Commission on Illumination chromaticity... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Color specifications. 27.1397 Section 27...

  19. 14 CFR 27.1397 - Color specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: NORMAL CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Equipment Lights § 27.1397 Color specifications. Each position light color must have the applicable International Commission on Illumination chromaticity... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Color specifications. 27.1397 Section 27...

  20. 14 CFR 29.1397 - Color specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Equipment Lights § 29.1397 Color specifications. Each position light color must have the applicable International Commission on Illumination chromaticity... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Color specifications. 29.1397 Section 29...

  1. 14 CFR 25.1397 - Color specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY AIRPLANES Equipment Lights § 25.1397 Color specifications. Each position light color must have the applicable International Commission on Illumination chromaticity... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Color specifications. 25.1397 Section 25...

  2. 14 CFR 29.1397 - Color specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Equipment Lights § 29.1397 Color specifications. Each position light color must have the applicable International Commission on Illumination chromaticity... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Color specifications. 29.1397 Section 29...

  3. 14 CFR 27.1397 - Color specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: NORMAL CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Equipment Lights § 27.1397 Color specifications. Each position light color must have the applicable International Commission on Illumination chromaticity... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Color specifications. 27.1397 Section 27...

  4. 14 CFR 27.1397 - Color specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: NORMAL CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Equipment Lights § 27.1397 Color specifications. Each position light color must have the applicable International Commission on Illumination chromaticity... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Color specifications. 27.1397 Section 27...

  5. 14 CFR 25.1397 - Color specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY AIRPLANES Equipment Lights § 25.1397 Color specifications. Each position light color must have the applicable International Commission on Illumination chromaticity... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Color specifications. 25.1397 Section 25...

  6. 14 CFR 25.1397 - Color specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY AIRPLANES Equipment Lights § 25.1397 Color specifications. Each position light color must have the applicable International Commission on Illumination chromaticity... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Color specifications. 25.1397 Section 25...

  7. 14 CFR 29.1397 - Color specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Equipment Lights § 29.1397 Color specifications. Each position light color must have the applicable International Commission on Illumination chromaticity... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Color specifications. 29.1397 Section 29...

  8. 14 CFR 25.1397 - Color specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY AIRPLANES Equipment Lights § 25.1397 Color specifications. Each position light color must have the applicable International Commission on Illumination chromaticity... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Color specifications. 25.1397 Section 25...

  9. 14 CFR 23.1397 - Color specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: NORMAL, UTILITY, ACROBATIC, AND COMMUTER CATEGORY AIRPLANES Equipment Lights § 23.1397 Color specifications. Each position light color must have the applicable International Commission on... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Color specifications. 23.1397 Section 23...

  10. 14 CFR 29.1397 - Color specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Equipment Lights § 29.1397 Color specifications. Each position light color must have the applicable International Commission on Illumination chromaticity... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Color specifications. 29.1397 Section 29...

  11. Formalisms for user interface specification and design

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Auernheimer, Brent J.

    1989-01-01

    The application of formal methods to the specification and design of human-computer interfaces is described. A broad outline of human-computer interface problems, a description of the field of cognitive engineering and two relevant research results, the appropriateness of formal specification techniques, and potential NASA application areas are described.

  12. 43 CFR 3861.2 - Surveys: Specific.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Surveys: Specific. 3861.2 Section 3861.2..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) MINERAL PATENT APPLICATIONS Surveys and Plats § 3861.2 Surveys: Specific. ...

  13. 43 CFR 3861.2 - Surveys: Specific.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Surveys: Specific. 3861.2 Section 3861.2..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) MINERAL PATENT APPLICATIONS Surveys and Plats § 3861.2 Surveys: Specific. ...

  14. 43 CFR 3861.2 - Surveys: Specific.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Surveys: Specific. 3861.2 Section 3861.2..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) MINERAL PATENT APPLICATIONS Surveys and Plats § 3861.2 Surveys: Specific. ...

  15. 43 CFR 3861.2 - Surveys: Specific.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Surveys: Specific. 3861.2 Section 3861.2..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) MINERAL PATENT APPLICATIONS Surveys and Plats § 3861.2 Surveys: Specific. ...

  16. 40 CFR 86.1513 - Fuel specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 19 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Fuel specifications. 86.1513 Section 86.1513 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED... § 86.1513 Fuel specifications. The requirements of this section are set forth in 40 CFR part 1065...

  17. 40 CFR 86.1513 - Fuel specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Fuel specifications. 86.1513 Section 86.1513 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED... § 86.1513 Fuel specifications. The requirements of this section are set forth in 40 CFR part 1065...

  18. 40 CFR 86.1513 - Fuel specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Fuel specifications. 86.1513 Section 86.1513 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED... § 86.1513 Fuel specifications. The requirements of this section are set forth in 40 CFR part 1065...

  19. Specific heat of ovendry loblolly pine wood

    Treesearch

    Charles W. McMillin

    1969-01-01

    In the range of 333 K to 413 K, the specific heat of ovendry loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) wood was expressed by a linear function of temperature. No relationship was detected with specific gravity, growth rate, or distance from the pith; nor were differences found between earlywood and latewood.

  20. 14 CFR 34.81 - Fuel specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT FUEL VENTING AND EXHAUST EMISSION REQUIREMENTS FOR TURBINE ENGINE POWERED AIRPLANES Test Procedures for Engine Smoke Emissions (Aircraft Gas Turbine Engines) § 34.81 Fuel specifications. Fuel having specifications as provided...

  1. 14 CFR 34.81 - Fuel specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT FUEL VENTING AND EXHAUST EMISSION REQUIREMENTS FOR TURBINE ENGINE POWERED AIRPLANES Test Procedures for Engine Smoke Emissions (Aircraft Gas Turbine Engines) § 34.81 Fuel specifications. Fuel having specifications as provided...

  2. 10 CFR 60.43 - License specification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false License specification. 60.43 Section 60.43 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN GEOLOGIC REPOSITORIES Licenses License Issuance and Amendment § 60.43 License specification. (a) A license issued under this part shall...

  3. 10 CFR 51.6 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Specific exemptions. 51.6 Section 51.6 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION REGULATIONS FOR DOMESTIC LICENSING AND RELATED REGULATORY FUNCTIONS § 51.6 Specific exemptions. The Commission may, upon application of any interested...

  4. 10 CFR 51.6 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Specific exemptions. 51.6 Section 51.6 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION REGULATIONS FOR DOMESTIC LICENSING AND RELATED REGULATORY FUNCTIONS § 51.6 Specific exemptions. The Commission may, upon application of any interested...

  5. 10 CFR 76.23 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Specific exemptions. 76.23 Section 76.23 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS General Provisions § 76.23 Specific exemptions. The Commission may, upon its own initiative or upon application of the Corporation...

  6. 10 CFR 76.23 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Specific exemptions. 76.23 Section 76.23 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS General Provisions § 76.23 Specific exemptions. The Commission may, upon its own initiative or upon application of the Corporation...

  7. 10 CFR 76.23 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Specific exemptions. 76.23 Section 76.23 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS General Provisions § 76.23 Specific exemptions. The Commission may, upon its own initiative or upon application of the Corporation...

  8. 10 CFR 76.23 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Specific exemptions. 76.23 Section 76.23 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS General Provisions § 76.23 Specific exemptions. The Commission may, upon its own initiative or upon application of the Corporation...

  9. 10 CFR 76.23 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Specific exemptions. 76.23 Section 76.23 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS General Provisions § 76.23 Specific exemptions. The Commission may, upon its own initiative or upon application of the Corporation...

  10. 10 CFR 55.11 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Specific exemptions. 55.11 Section 55.11 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) OPERATORS' LICENSES Exemptions § 55.11 Specific exemptions. The Commission may, upon application by an interested person, or upon its own initiative, grant such exemptions from...

  11. Fast specific field detection of RHDVb.

    PubMed

    Dalton, K P; Nicieza, I; Podadera, A; de Llano, D; Martin Alonso, J M; de Los Toyos, J R; García Ocaña, M; Vázquez-Villa, F; Velasco, B; Landeta, O; Parra, F

    2018-02-01

    This work describes a simple and rapid test for field detection of the emerging rabbit pathogen RHDVb. The assay is specific for RHDVb, showing no cross-reactivity with other RHDV types giving a specific result in under 10 min using rabbit liquid exudates or liver homogenate samples taken at necropsy. © 2017 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

  12. 10 CFR 40.14 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Specific exemptions. 40.14 Section 40.14 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION DOMESTIC LICENSING OF SOURCE MATERIAL Exemptions § 40.14 Specific exemptions. (a) The... interest. (b) [Reserved] (c) The Department of Energy is exempt from the requirements of this part to the...

  13. 48 CFR 8.712 - Specification changes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Specification changes. 8... Are Blind or Severely Disabled 8.712 Specification changes. (a) The contracting activity shall notify the AbilityOne participating nonprofit agency and appropriate central nonprofit agency of any change...

  14. 48 CFR 408.712 - Specification changes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Specification changes. 408.712 Section 408.712 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMPETITION AND... People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled 408.712 Specification changes. Prior to providing 90-days...

  15. Stress and Specificity: Reply to Miller (2009)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Denson, Thomas F.; Spanovic, Marija; Miller, Norman

    2009-01-01

    T. F. Denson, M. Spanovic, and N. Miller (2009) meta-analytically tested the hypotheses that specific appraisals and emotions would predict cortisol and immune responses to laboratory stressors and emotion inductions. Although the cortisol data supported the integrated specificity hypothesis, G. E. Miller (2009) raised questions concerning the…

  16. 21 CFR 1230.21 - Specific guaranty.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... FEDERAL CAUSTIC POISON ACT Guaranty § 1230.21 Specific guaranty. If a guaranty in respect to any specific... Caustic Poison Act. (Signature and address of guarantor) (b) Substances for other than household use (this... be misbranded within the meaning of the Federal Caustic Poison Act. (Name and address of manufacturer...

  17. 21 CFR 1230.21 - Specific guaranty.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... FEDERAL CAUSTIC POISON ACT Guaranty § 1230.21 Specific guaranty. If a guaranty in respect to any specific... Caustic Poison Act. (Signature and address of guarantor) (b) Substances for other than household use (this... be misbranded within the meaning of the Federal Caustic Poison Act. (Name and address of manufacturer...

  18. 21 CFR 1230.21 - Specific guaranty.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... FEDERAL CAUSTIC POISON ACT Guaranty § 1230.21 Specific guaranty. If a guaranty in respect to any specific... Caustic Poison Act. (Signature and address of guarantor) (b) Substances for other than household use (this... be misbranded within the meaning of the Federal Caustic Poison Act. (Name and address of manufacturer...

  19. 21 CFR 1230.21 - Specific guaranty.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... FEDERAL CAUSTIC POISON ACT Guaranty § 1230.21 Specific guaranty. If a guaranty in respect to any specific... Caustic Poison Act. (Signature and address of guarantor) (b) Substances for other than household use (this... be misbranded within the meaning of the Federal Caustic Poison Act. (Name and address of manufacturer...

  20. 21 CFR 1230.21 - Specific guaranty.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... FEDERAL CAUSTIC POISON ACT Guaranty § 1230.21 Specific guaranty. If a guaranty in respect to any specific... Caustic Poison Act. (Signature and address of guarantor) (b) Substances for other than household use (this... be misbranded within the meaning of the Federal Caustic Poison Act. (Name and address of manufacturer...

  1. Light Rail Transit Car Specification Guide

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    1981-12-01

    This Light Rail Transit Car Specification Guide is not a procurement document in itself. It is intended to be used as a guide by light rail transit operators and purchasers of such equipment in the preparation of technical specifications. Because of ...

  2. Development and Implementation of Minimum Hiring Specifications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herbstritt, Michael R.

    1978-01-01

    Specifications were developed to avoid possible discrimination and confusion in the hiring practices at a large southeastern university. They were developed through job analysis and a systematic file search designed to find the education and prior related work experience possessed by each incumbent. The specifications were validated as…

  3. 10 CFR 54.15 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Specific exemptions. 54.15 Section 54.15 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) REQUIREMENTS FOR RENEWAL OF OPERATING LICENSES FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS General Provisions § 54.15 Specific exemptions. Exemptions from the requirements of this part may be...

  4. 10 CFR 1016.6 - Specific waivers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Specific waivers. 1016.6 Section 1016.6 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) SAFEGUARDING OF RESTRICTED DATA General Provisions § 1016.6 Specific waivers. DOE may, upon application of any interested party, grant such waivers from the requirements of...

  5. 10 CFR 1016.6 - Specific waivers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Specific waivers. 1016.6 Section 1016.6 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) SAFEGUARDING OF RESTRICTED DATA General Provisions § 1016.6 Specific waivers. DOE may, upon application of any interested party, grant such waivers from the requirements of...

  6. Minimal Data and Site Specific Approaches

    EPA Science Inventory

    As part of a workshop, Tools for Assessing Stream Dissolved Minerals, approaches and EPA tools are described for site specific development of water quality criteria based on observations from Arkansas streams using minimal data. Discussion topics will include site-specific appro...

  7. 46 CFR 171.130 - Specific applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Specific applicability. 171.130 Section 171.130 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SUBDIVISION AND STABILITY SPECIAL RULES PERTAINING TO VESSELS CARRYING PASSENGERS Drainage of Weather Decks § 171.130 Specific applicability. (a...

  8. 46 CFR 171.130 - Specific applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Specific applicability. 171.130 Section 171.130 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SUBDIVISION AND STABILITY SPECIAL RULES PERTAINING TO VESSELS CARRYING PASSENGERS Drainage of Weather Decks § 171.130 Specific applicability. (a...

  9. 46 CFR 171.130 - Specific applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Specific applicability. 171.130 Section 171.130 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SUBDIVISION AND STABILITY SPECIAL RULES PERTAINING TO VESSELS CARRYING PASSENGERS Drainage of Weather Decks § 171.130 Specific applicability. (a...

  10. 46 CFR 171.130 - Specific applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Specific applicability. 171.130 Section 171.130 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SUBDIVISION AND STABILITY SPECIAL RULES PERTAINING TO VESSELS CARRYING PASSENGERS Drainage of Weather Decks § 171.130 Specific applicability. (a...

  11. 46 CFR 171.130 - Specific applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Specific applicability. 171.130 Section 171.130 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SUBDIVISION AND STABILITY SPECIAL RULES PERTAINING TO VESSELS CARRYING PASSENGERS Drainage of Weather Decks § 171.130 Specific applicability. (a...

  12. 46 CFR 170.160 - Specific applicability

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Specific applicability 170.160 Section 170.160 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SUBDIVISION AND STABILITY STABILITY REQUIREMENTS FOR ALL INSPECTED VESSELS Weather Criteria § 170.160 Specific applicability (a) Except as provided...

  13. 48 CFR 2919.202 - Specific policies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Specific policies. 2919.202 Section 2919.202 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF LABOR SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS AND SMALL DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS CONCERNS Policies 2919.202 Specific policies...

  14. 10 CFR 26.9 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Specific exemptions. 26.9 Section 26.9 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION FITNESS FOR DUTY PROGRAMS Administrative Provisions § 26.9 Specific exemptions. Upon application of any interested person or on its own initiative, the Commission may grant such exemptions from...

  15. 10 CFR 26.9 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Specific exemptions. 26.9 Section 26.9 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION FITNESS FOR DUTY PROGRAMS Administrative Provisions § 26.9 Specific exemptions. Upon application of any interested person or on its own initiative, the Commission may grant such exemptions from...

  16. 10 CFR 26.9 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Specific exemptions. 26.9 Section 26.9 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION FITNESS FOR DUTY PROGRAMS Administrative Provisions § 26.9 Specific exemptions. Upon application of any interested person or on its own initiative, the Commission may grant such exemptions from...

  17. 14 CFR 398.3 - Specific airports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Specific airports. 398.3 Section 398.3... STATEMENTS GUIDELINES FOR INDIVIDUAL DETERMINATIONS OF BASIC ESSENTIAL AIR SERVICE § 398.3 Specific airports. (a) At an eligible place, essential air service may be specified as service to a particular airport...

  18. 14 CFR 398.3 - Specific airports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Specific airports. 398.3 Section 398.3... STATEMENTS GUIDELINES FOR INDIVIDUAL DETERMINATIONS OF BASIC ESSENTIAL AIR SERVICE § 398.3 Specific airports. (a) At an eligible place, essential air service may be specified as service to a particular airport...

  19. 14 CFR 398.3 - Specific airports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Specific airports. 398.3 Section 398.3... STATEMENTS GUIDELINES FOR INDIVIDUAL DETERMINATIONS OF BASIC ESSENTIAL AIR SERVICE § 398.3 Specific airports. (a) At an eligible place, essential air service may be specified as service to a particular airport...

  20. 14 CFR 398.3 - Specific airports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Specific airports. 398.3 Section 398.3... STATEMENTS GUIDELINES FOR INDIVIDUAL DETERMINATIONS OF BASIC ESSENTIAL AIR SERVICE § 398.3 Specific airports. (a) At an eligible place, essential air service may be specified as service to a particular airport...

  1. 14 CFR 398.3 - Specific airports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Specific airports. 398.3 Section 398.3... STATEMENTS GUIDELINES FOR INDIVIDUAL DETERMINATIONS OF BASIC ESSENTIAL AIR SERVICE § 398.3 Specific airports. (a) At an eligible place, essential air service may be specified as service to a particular airport...

  2. 10 CFR 55.11 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Specific exemptions. 55.11 Section 55.11 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) OPERATORS' LICENSES Exemptions § 55.11 Specific exemptions. The Commission may, upon application by an interested person, or upon its own initiative, grant such exemptions from...

  3. 14 CFR 23.1397 - Color specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Color specifications. 23.1397 Section 23.1397 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT... Color specifications. Each position light color must have the applicable International Commission on...

  4. 14 CFR 29.1397 - Color specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Color specifications. 29.1397 Section 29... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Equipment Lights § 29.1397 Color specifications. Each position light color must have the applicable International Commission on Illumination chromaticity...

  5. 14 CFR 25.1397 - Color specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Color specifications. 25.1397 Section 25... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY AIRPLANES Equipment Lights § 25.1397 Color specifications. Each position light color must have the applicable International Commission on Illumination chromaticity...

  6. 14 CFR 27.1397 - Color specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Color specifications. 27.1397 Section 27... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: NORMAL CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Equipment Lights § 27.1397 Color specifications. Each position light color must have the applicable International Commission on Illumination chromaticity...

  7. Cell-Type-Specific Optogenetics in Monkeys.

    PubMed

    Namboodiri, Vijay Mohan K; Stuber, Garret D

    2016-09-08

    The recent advent of technologies enabling cell-type-specific recording and manipulation of neuronal activity spurred tremendous progress in neuroscience. However, they have been largely limited to mice, which lack the richness in behavior of primates. Stauffer et al. now present a generalizable method for achieving cell-type specificity in monkeys. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. 40 CFR 247.5 - Specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Specifications. 247.5 Section 247.5 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES COMPREHENSIVE PROCUREMENT GUIDELINE FOR PRODUCTS CONTAINING RECOVERED MATERIALS General § 247.5 Specifications. (a) RCRA section 6002...

  9. Specificity of a Maximal Step Exercise Test

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darby, Lynn A.; Marsh, Jennifer L.; Shewokis, Patricia A.; Pohlman, Roberta L.

    2007-01-01

    To adhere to the principle of "exercise specificity" exercise testing should be completed using the same physical activity that is performed during exercise training. The present study was designed to assess whether aerobic step exercisers have a greater maximal oxygen consumption (max VO sub 2) when tested using an activity specific, maximal step…

  10. 21 CFR 660.44 - Specificity.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Specificity. 660.44 Section 660.44 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) BIOLOGICS ADDITIONAL.... Each filling of the product shall be specific for Hepatitis B Surface Antigen as determined by...

  11. 16 CFR 1702.11 - Product specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Product specifications. 1702.11 Section 1702.11 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING ACT OF 1970... AND REQUIREMENTS § 1702.11 Product specifications. Each petition for an exemption shall include: (a) A...

  12. Specificity of marine microbial surface interactions.

    PubMed Central

    Imam, S H; Bard, R F; Tosteson, T R

    1984-01-01

    The macromolecular surface components involved in intraspecific cell surface interactions of the green microalga Chlorella vulgaris and closely associated bacteria were investigated. The specific surface attachment between this alga and its associated bacteria is mediated by lectin-like macromolecules associated with the surfaces of these cells. The binding activity of these surface polymers was inhibited by specific simple sugars; this suggests the involvement of specific receptor-ligand binding sites on the interactive surfaces. Epifluorescent microscopic evaluation of bacteria-alga interactions in the presence and absence of the macromolecules that mediate these interactions showed that the glycoproteins active in these processes were specific to the microbial sources from which they were obtained. The demonstration and definition of the specificity of these interactions in mixed microbial populations may play an important role in our understanding of the dynamics of marine microbial populations in the sea. PMID:6508293

  13. Structured representation for requirements and specifications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cohen, Gerald C.; Fisher, Gene; Frincke, Deborah; Wolber, Dave

    1991-01-01

    This document was generated in support of NASA contract NAS1-18586, Design and Validation of Digital Flight Control Systems suitable for Fly-By-Wire Applications, Task Assignment 2. Task 2 is associated with a formal representation of requirements and specifications. In particular, this document contains results associated with the development of a Wide-Spectrum Requirements Specification Language (WSRSL) that can be used to express system requirements and specifications in both stylized and formal forms. Included with this development are prototype tools to support the specification language. In addition a preliminary requirements specification methodology based on the WSRSL has been developed. Lastly, the methodology has been applied to an Advanced Subsonic Civil Transport Flight Control System.

  14. Position paper: the science of deep specification.

    PubMed

    Appel, Andrew W; Beringer, Lennart; Chlipala, Adam; Pierce, Benjamin C; Shao, Zhong; Weirich, Stephanie; Zdancewic, Steve

    2017-10-13

    We introduce our efforts within the project 'The science of deep specification' to work out the key formal underpinnings of industrial-scale formal specifications of software and hardware components, anticipating a world where large verified systems are routinely built out of smaller verified components that are also used by many other projects. We identify an important class of specification that has already been used in a few experiments that connect strong component-correctness theorems across the work of different teams. To help popularize the unique advantages of that style, we dub it deep specification , and we say that it encompasses specifications that are rich , two-sided , formal and live (terms that we define in the article). Our core team is developing a proof-of-concept system (based on the Coq proof assistant) whose specification and verification work is divided across largely decoupled subteams at our four institutions, encompassing hardware microarchitecture, compilers, operating systems and applications, along with cross-cutting principles and tools for effective specification. We also aim to catalyse interest in the approach, not just by basic researchers but also by users in industry.This article is part of the themed issue 'Verified trustworthy software systems'. © 2017 The Author(s).

  15. Cell specific, variable density, polymer microspheres

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yen, Shiao-Ping S. (Inventor); Rembaum, Alan (Inventor); Molday, Robert S. (Inventor)

    1977-01-01

    Biocompatible polymeric microspheres having an average diameter below about 3 microns and having density at least 15% greater or lesser than organic cells and having covalent binding sites are provided in accordance with this invention. The microspheres are obtained by copolymerizing a hydroxy or amine substituted acrylic monomer such as hydroxyethylmethacrylate with a light or dense comonomer such as a fluoromonomer. A lectin or antibody is bound to the hydroxy or amine site of the bead to provide cell specificity. When added to a cell suspension the marked bead will specifically label the cell membrane by binding to specific receptor sites thereon. The labelled membrane can then be separated by density gradient centrifugation.

  16. Therapeutic Gene Editing Safety and Specificity.

    PubMed

    Lux, Christopher T; Scharenberg, Andrew M

    2017-10-01

    Therapeutic gene editing is significant for medical advancement. Safety is intricately linked to the specificity of the editing tools used to cut at precise genomic targets. Improvements can be achieved by thoughtful design of nucleases and repair templates, analysis of off-target editing, and careful utilization of viral vectors. Advancements in DNA repair mechanisms and development of new generations of tools improve targeting of specific sequences while minimizing risks. It is important to plot a safe course for future clinical trials. This article reviews safety and specificity for therapeutic gene editing to spur dialogue and advancement. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Bias and design in software specifications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Straub, Pablo A.; Zelkowitz, Marvin V.

    1990-01-01

    Implementation bias in a specification is an arbitrary constraint in the solution space. Presented here is a model of bias in software specifications. Bias is defined in terms of the specification process and a classification of the attributes of the software product. Our definition of bias provides insight into both the origin and the consequences of bias. It also shows that bias is relative and essentially unavoidable. Finally, we describe current work on defining a measure of bias, formalizing our model, and relating bias to software defects.

  18. Development of simulation computer complex specification

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1973-01-01

    The Training Simulation Computer Complex Study was one of three studies contracted in support of preparations for procurement of a shuttle mission simulator for shuttle crew training. The subject study was concerned with definition of the software loads to be imposed on the computer complex to be associated with the shuttle mission simulator and the development of procurement specifications based on the resulting computer requirements. These procurement specifications cover the computer hardware and system software as well as the data conversion equipment required to interface the computer to the simulator hardware. The development of the necessary hardware and software specifications required the execution of a number of related tasks which included, (1) simulation software sizing, (2) computer requirements definition, (3) data conversion equipment requirements definition, (4) system software requirements definition, (5) a simulation management plan, (6) a background survey, and (7) preparation of the specifications.

  19. 14 CFR 211.10 - Filing specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS APPLICATIONS FOR PERMITS TO FOREIGN AIR CARRIERS General Requirements § 211.10 Filing... in § 302.3 of this chapter as to execution, number of copies, and formal specifications of papers. (b...

  20. Cockpit management and Specific Behavioral Objectives (SBOs)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mudge, R. W.

    1987-01-01

    One of the primary tools used to accomplish the task of effective training is the specific behavioral objective (SBO). An SBO is simply a statement which specifically identifies a small segment of the final behavior sought, and a little more. The key word is specific. The company pinpoints exactly what it is it wants the pilot to do after completing training, and what it should evaluate from the point of view of both the program and the pilot. It tells the junior crewmember exactly, specifically, what he should monitor and support insofar as the management function is concerned. It gives greater meaning to the term second in command. And finally, it tells the supervisory pilot exactly what he should observe, evaluate, and instruct, insofar as the management function is concerned.

  1. Process Specification for Eddy Current Inspection

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Koshti, Ajay

    2011-01-01

    This process specification establishes the minimum requirements for eddy current inspection of flat surfaces, fastener holes, threaded fasteners and seamless and welded tubular products made from nonmagnetic alloys such as aluminum and stainless steel.

  2. Specifications and programs for computer software validation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Browne, J. C.; Kleir, R.; Davis, T.; Henneman, M.; Haller, A.; Lasseter, G. L.

    1973-01-01

    Three software products developed during the study are reported and include: (1) FORTRAN Automatic Code Evaluation System, (2) the Specification Language System, and (3) the Array Index Validation System.

  3. Slicing AADL Specifications for Model Checking

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Odenbrett, Maximilian; Nguyen, Viet Yen; Noll, Thomas

    2010-01-01

    To combat the state-space explosion problem in model checking larger systems, abstraction techniques can be employed. Here, methods that operate on the system specification before constructing its state space are preferable to those that try to minimize the resulting transition system as they generally reduce peak memory requirements. We sketch a slicing algorithm for system specifications written in (a variant of) the Architecture Analysis and Design Language (AADL). Given a specification and a property to be verified, it automatically removes those parts of the specification that are irrelevant for model checking the property, thus reducing the size of the corresponding transition system. The applicability and effectiveness of our approach is demonstrated by analyzing the state-space reduction for an example, employing a translator from AADL to Promela, the input language of the SPIN model checker.

  4. Development of Temporary Rumble Strip Specifications

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2016-02-01

    The objective of this study was to develop specifications for portable reusable temporary rumble strips for their applications in different work zone settings in Kansas. A detailed literature review, a survey of practice, and a closed-course test wer...

  5. Mn/DOT combined smoothness specification.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2010-04-01

    This report presents the development of a combined smoothness specification for asphalt and concrete pavements : and associated training for the certification of profiler operators by highway agencies. The report discusses the : analyses conducted to...

  6. Lesson 7: From Requirements to Specific Solutions

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    CROMERR requirements set performance goals, they do not dictate specific system functions, operating procedures,system architecture, or technology. The task is to decide on a solution to meet the goals.

  7. Finding Specification Pages from the Web

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoshinaga, Naoki; Torisawa, Kentaro

    This paper presents a method of finding a specification page on the Web for a given object (e.g., ``Ch. d'Yquem'') and its class label (e.g., ``wine''). A specification page for an object is a Web page which gives concise attribute-value information about the object (e.g., ``county''-``Sauternes'') in well formatted structures. A simple unsupervised method using layout and symbolic decoration cues was applied to a large number of the Web pages to acquire candidate attributes for each class (e.g., ``county'' for a class ``wine''). We then filter out irrelevant words from the putative attributes through an author-aware scoring function that we called site frequency. We used the acquired attributes to select a representative specification page for a given object from the Web pages retrieved by a normal search engine. Experimental results revealed that our system greatly outperformed the normal search engine in terms of this specification retrieval.

  8. Specific Impulse Definition for Ablative Laser Propulsion

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Herren, Kenneth A.; Gregory, Don A.

    2004-01-01

    The term "specific impulse" is so ingrained in the field of rocket propulsion that it is unlikely that any fundamental argument would be taken seriously for its removal. It is not an ideal measure but it does give an indication of the amount of mass flow (mass loss/time), as in fuel rate, required to produce a measured thrust over some time period This investigation explores the implications of being able to accurately measure the ablation rate and how the language used to describe the specific impulse results may have to change slightly, and recasts the specific impulse as something that is not a time average. It is not currently possible to measure the ablation rate accurately in real time so it is generally just assumed that a constant amount of material will be removed for each laser pulse delivered The specific impulse dependence on the ablation rate is determined here as a correction to the classical textbook definition.

  9. [HPLC specific chromatogram of Dendrobium officinale].

    PubMed

    Yan, Mei-Qiu; Chen, Su-Hong; Lv, Gui-Yuan; Zhou, Gui-Fen; Liu, Xia

    2013-02-01

    To establish the method of specific chromatogram analysis of ether extract of Dendrobium officinale for identification of D. officinale. Chromatographic separation was carried out at 30 degrees C on an Ultimate C18 column (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm) eluted with methanol and water containing 0.2% phosphoric acid in a gradient elution at a flow rate of 1.0 mL x min(-1). The detection wavelength was set at 280 nm. The similarity evaluation system for chromatographic fingerprint of NPC (National Pharmacopoeia Committee) was adopted to specific chromatogram construction. The HPLC specific chromatogram of D. officinale was constructed with 6 common specific chromatographic peaks including naringenin as a reference peak. The method shows good precision and repeatability of relative retention time. It can be used to identify D. officinale.

  10. Optimal procedures for quality assurance specifications

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2003-04-01

    This manual is a comprehensive guide that a highway agency can use when developing new, or modifying existing, acceptance plans and quality assurance specifications. It provides necessary instruction and illustrative examples to lead the agency throu...

  11. 48 CFR 836.202 - Specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... specifications. (b) During the design stage, contract architect-engineers must not use “brand name or equal” or.... This clause places bidders on notice that the “brand name or equal” provisions of the clause found at...

  12. 48 CFR 36.202 - Specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... technical societies. (c) When brand name or equal descriptions are necessary, specifications must clearly identify and describe the particular physical, functional, or other characteristics of the brand-name items...

  13. Specification For ST-5 Li Ion Battery

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Castell, Karen D.; Day, John H. (Technical Monitor)

    2000-01-01

    This Specification defines the general requirements for rechargeable Space Flight batteries intended for use in the ST-5 program. The battery chemistry chosen for this mission is lithium ion (Li-Ion).

  14. 10 CFR 37.11 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... sources, ion-exchange resins, or activated material that weighs less than 2,000 kg (4,409 lbs) is not... General Provisions § 37.11 Specific exemptions. (a) The Commission may, upon application of any interested...

  15. Iteration and Prototyping in Creating Technical Specifications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flynt, John P.

    1994-01-01

    Claims that the development process for computer software can be greatly aided by the writers of specifications if they employ basic iteration and prototyping techniques. Asserts that computer software configuration management practices provide ready models for iteration and prototyping. (HB)

  16. Specific heat and thermal conductivity of nanomaterials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bhatt, Sandhya; Kumar, Raghuvesh; Kumar, Munish

    2017-01-01

    A model is proposed to study the size and shape effects on specific heat and thermal conductivity of nanomaterials. The formulation developed for specific heat is based on the basic concept of cohesive energy and melting temperature. The specific heat of Ag and Au nanoparticles is reported and the effect of size and shape has been studied. We observed that specific heat increases with the reduction of particle size having maximum shape effect for spherical nanoparticle. To provide a more critical test, we extended our model to study the thermal conductivity and used it for the study of Si, diamond, Cu, Ni, Ar, ZrO2, BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 nanomaterials. A significant reduction is found in the thermal conductivity for nanomaterials by decreasing the size. The model predictions are consistent with the available experimental and simulation results. This demonstrates the suitability of the model proposed in this paper.

  17. Mission specification for three generic mission classes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1979-01-01

    Mission specifications for three generic mission classes are generated to provide a baseline for definition and analysis of data acquisition platform system concepts. The mission specifications define compatible groupings of sensors that satisfy specific earth resources and environmental mission objectives. The driving force behind the definition of sensor groupings is mission need; platform and space transportation system constraints are of secondary importance. The three generic mission classes are: (1) low earth orbit sun-synchronous; (2) geosynchronous; and (3) non-sun-synchronous, nongeosynchronous. These missions are chosen to provide a variety of sensor complements and implementation concepts. Each mission specification relates mission categories, mission objectives, measured parameters, and candidate sensors to orbits and coverage, operations compatibility, and platform fleet size.

  18. 50 CFR 648.260 - Specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FISHERIES OF THE NORTHEASTERN UNITED STATES Management Measures for the Atlantic Deep... Atlantic Deep-Sea Red Crab FMP objectives and other FMP provisions. (b) Development of specifications. In...

  19. Surface cleanliness of fluid systems, specification for

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1995-01-01

    This specification establishes surface cleanliness levels, test methods, cleaning and packaging requirements, and protection and inspection procedures for determining surface cleanliness. These surfaces pertain to aerospace parts, components, assemblies, subsystems, and systems in contact with any fluid medium.

  20. 46 CFR 170.174 - Specific applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS FOR ALL INSPECTED VESSELS Determination of Lightweight Displacement and Centers of Gravity § 170.174 Specific applicability. This subpart applies to each vessel for which the lightweight displacement...

  1. 46 CFR 170.174 - Specific applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS FOR ALL INSPECTED VESSELS Determination of Lightweight Displacement and Centers of Gravity § 170.174 Specific applicability. This subpart applies to each vessel for which the lightweight displacement...

  2. 46 CFR 170.174 - Specific applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS FOR ALL INSPECTED VESSELS Determination of Lightweight Displacement and Centers of Gravity § 170.174 Specific applicability. This subpart applies to each vessel for which the lightweight displacement...

  3. 46 CFR 170.174 - Specific applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS FOR ALL INSPECTED VESSELS Determination of Lightweight Displacement and Centers of Gravity § 170.174 Specific applicability. This subpart applies to each vessel for which the lightweight displacement...

  4. 46 CFR 170.174 - Specific applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS FOR ALL INSPECTED VESSELS Determination of Lightweight Displacement and Centers of Gravity § 170.174 Specific applicability. This subpart applies to each vessel for which the lightweight displacement...

  5. Smart roadside initiative : system requirements specifications.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2015-09-01

    This document describes the system requirements specifications (SyRS) for the Smart Roadside Initiative (SRI) Prototype for the delivery of capabilities related to wireless roadside inspections, electronic screening/virtual weigh stations, universal ...

  6. Performance evaluation and specification of trackless tack.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2016-09-01

    Several trackless tack products have come to market in Texas; however, there are currently no specifications to : ensure the products have trackless properties and adequate bond strength. The objectives of this project were to : (1) evaluate the trac...

  7. 10 CFR 62.5 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... LOW-LEVEL WASTE DISPOSAL FACILITIES General Provisions § 62.5 Specific exemptions. The Commission may... requirements of the regulations in this part that it determines is authorized by law and will not endanger life...

  8. Project NEO Specific Impulse Testing Solutions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Baffa, Bill

    2018-01-01

    The Neo test stand is currently configured to fire a horizontally mounted rocket motor with up to 6500 lbf thrust. Currently, the Neo test stand can measure flow of liquid propellant and oxidizer, pressures residing in the closed system up to the combustion chamber. The current configuration does not have the ability to provide all data needed to compute specific impulse. This presents three methods to outfit the NEO test fixture with instrumentation allowing for calculation of specific impulse.

  9. Language translation, doman specific languages and ANTLR

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Craymer, Loring; Parr, Terence

    2002-01-01

    We will discuss the features of ANTLR that make it an attractive tool for rapid developement of domain specific language translators and present some practical examples of its use: extraction of information from the Cassini Command Language specification, the processing of structured binary data, and IVL--an English-like language for generating VRML scene graph, which is used in configuring the jGuru.com server.

  10. FTP Extensions for Variable Protocol Specification

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Allman, Mark; Ostermann, Shawn

    2000-01-01

    The specification for the File Transfer Protocol (FTP) assumes that the underlying network protocols use a 32-bit network address and a 16-bit transport address (specifically IP version 4 and TCP). With the deployment of version 6 of the Internet Protocol, network addresses will no longer be 32-bits. This paper species extensions to FTP that will allow the protocol to work over a variety of network and transport protocols.

  11. Simple Benchmark Specifications for Space Radiation Protection

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Singleterry, Robert C. Jr.; Aghara, Sukesh K.

    2013-01-01

    This report defines space radiation benchmark specifications. This specification starts with simple, monoenergetic, mono-directional particles on slabs and progresses to human models in spacecraft. This report specifies the models and sources needed to what the team performing the benchmark needs to produce in a report. Also included are brief descriptions of how OLTARIS, the NASA Langley website for space radiation analysis, performs its analysis.

  12. Procurement specifications report. IMBLS phase B-4

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1970-01-01

    Procurement specifications to provide vendors of space systems with supporting information to accurately price the selected major buy items are illustrated. In performing this task, rigid constraints on specifications and drawing details are avoided beyond those necessary to define basic requirements. Described are digital processing equipment, mass spectrometer, body mass measuring device, sensors, bio-belt power source, vision tester and instrumentation for a biochemical station.

  13. Specific Impulse and Mass Flow Rate Error

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gregory, Don A.

    2005-01-01

    Specific impulse is defined in words in many ways. Very early in any text on rocket propulsion a phrase similar to .specific impulse is the thrust force per unit propellant weight flow per second. will be found.(2) It is only after seeing the mathematics written down does the definition mean something physically to scientists and engineers responsible for either measuring it or using someone.s value for it.

  14. [Psychological specificities of living donor kidney transplantation].

    PubMed

    Papeloux-Heitzmann, Élodie

    2016-12-01

    For people with end-stage kidney disease, a transplant is the promise of a future without dialysis. Living donor kidney transplantation comprises many specificities and is distinct from cadaveric donor transplantation. Some psychological aspects explain these specificities. They may be subconscious and difficult to access, but it is essential to decipher them in order to adapt the support provided to these people. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  15. Fitness consequences of sex-specific selection.

    PubMed

    Connallon, Tim; Cox, Robert M; Calsbeek, Ryan

    2010-06-01

    Theory suggests that sex-specific selection can facilitate adaptation in sexually reproducing populations. However, sexual conflict theory and recent experiments indicate that sex-specific selection is potentially costly due to sexual antagonism: alleles harmful to one sex can accumulate within a population because they are favored in the other sex. Whether sex-specific selection provides a net fitness benefit or cost depends, in part, on the relative frequency and strength of sexually concordant versus sexually antagonistic selection throughout a species' genome. Here, we model the net fitness consequences of sex-specific selection while explicitly considering both sexually concordant and sexually antagonistic selection. The model shows that, even when sexual antagonism is rare, the fitness costs that it imposes will generally overwhelm fitness benefits of sexually concordant selection. Furthermore, the cost of sexual antagonism is, at best, only partially resolved by the evolution of sex-limited gene expression. To evaluate the key parameters of the model, we analyze an extensive dataset of sex-specific selection gradients from wild populations, along with data from the experimental evolution literature. The model and data imply that sex-specific selection may likely impose a net cost on sexually reproducing species, although additional research will be required to confirm this conclusion.

  16. Autobiographical memory specificity in dissociative identity disorder.

    PubMed

    Huntjens, Rafaële J C; Wessel, Ineke; Hermans, Dirk; van Minnen, Agnes

    2014-05-01

    A lack of adequate access to autobiographical knowledge has been related to psychopathology. More specifically, patients suffering from depression or a history of trauma have been found to be characterized by overgeneral memory, in other words, they show a relative difficulty in retrieving a specific event from memory located in time and place. Previous studies of overgeneral memory have not included patients with dissociative disorders. These patients are interesting to consider, as they are hypothesized to have the ability to selectively compartmentalize information linked to negative emotions. This study examined avoidance and overgeneral memory in patients with dissociative identity disorder (DID; n = 12). The patients completed the autobiographical memory test (AMT). Their performance was compared with control groups of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients (n = 26), healthy controls (n = 29), and DID simulators (n = 26). Specifically, we compared the performance of separate identity states in DID hypothesized to diverge in the use of avoidance as a coping strategy to deal with negative affect. No significant differences in memory specificity were found between the separate identities in DID. Irrespective of identity state, DID patients were characterized by a lack of memory specificity, which was similar to the lack of memory specificity found in PTSD patients. The converging results for DID and PTSD patients add empirical evidence for the role of overgeneral memory involved in the maintenance of posttraumatic psychopathology.

  17. NCHRP project 20-07/task 361 : hamburg wheel-track test equipment requirements and improvements to AASHTO T 324 : research project capsule.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2015-02-01

    The Loaded Wheel Test (LWT) is a laboratory-controlled rut depth test that uses loaded wheel(s) : to apply a moving load on hot-mix and warm-mix asphalt (HMA and WMA) specimens to simulate : tra c load applied on asphalt pavements. In the 1970s He...

  18. Finite element analysis of ultra-high performance concrete : modeling structural performance of an AASHTO type II girder and a 2nd generation pi-girder

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2010-10-01

    Ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC) is an advanced cementitious composite material which has been developed in recent decades. When compared to more conventional cement-based concrete materials, UHPC tends to exhibit superior properties such as in...

  19. Development of a simplified flexible pavement design protocol for New York State Department of Transportation based on the AASHTO Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design Guide : technical summary.

    DOT National Transportation Integrated Search

    2017-01-01

    This report summarizes the local calibration of the distress models for the Northeast (NE) region of the United States and the development of new design tables for new flexible pavement structures. Design, performance, and traffic data collected on t...

  20. Complexed prostate specific antigen provides significant enhancement of specificity compared with total prostate specific antigen for detecting prostate cancer.

    PubMed

    Brawer, M K; Cheli, C D; Neaman, I E; Goldblatt, J; Smith, C; Schwartz, M K; Bruzek, D J; Morris, D L; Sokoll, L J; Chan, D W; Yeung, K K; Partin, A W; Allard, W J

    2000-05-01

    Determining serum total prostate specific antigen (PSA) has proved to be a valuable diagnostic aid for detecting prostatic carcinoma, although the lack of specificity has limited its usefulness. Studies indicate that the use of percent free PSA would improve specificity while maintaining sensitivity. Since complexed PSA represents the major proportion of measurable PSA in serum, we determined whether it represents a single test alternative to the use of percent free PSA for the early detection of prostate cancer. Archival serum was obtained from 385 men with no evidence of malignancy on biopsy and 272 with biopsy confirmed prostate cancer. We determined the concentration and proportion of total, complexed and free PSA. Receiver operating characteristics analysis using total PSA results from all samples (range 0.32 to 117 ng./ml.) indicated that the areas under the curve for complexed PSA alone as well as the free-to-total and complexed-to-total PSA ratios were similar and significantly greater than those for total PSA alone. Within the range of 85% to 95% sensitivity receiver operating characteristics analysis revealed that the specificity of complexed PSA was higher than that of total PSA and equivalent to that of the free-to-total PSA ratio. We noted a similar improvement in specificity in the 4 to 10 ng./ml. total PSA range. Using published cutoff values for complexed, total and percent free PSA when total PSA was in the 4 to 10 ng./ml. range the sensitivity and specificity of complexed and percent free PSA were similar. Within the 4 to 10 ng./ml. total PSA range the population of patients with no evidence of malignancy and complexed PSA below the upper limit was different with respect to total PSA from that with no evidence of malignancy and free PSA greater than 25%. The measurement of complexed PSA represents an alternative to the use of percent free PSA, although the patient populations identified by the 2 tests are different.

  1. Producing specific milks for speciality cheeses.

    PubMed

    Bertoni, G; Calamari, L; Maianti, M G

    2001-05-01

    Protected denomination of origin (PDO) cheeses have distinctive sensorial characteristics. They can be made only from raw milk possessing specific features, which is processed through the 'art' of the cheesemaker. In general, the distinctive sensorial traits of PDO cheese cannot be achieved under different environmental-production conditions for two main reasons: (1) some milk features are linked to specific animal production systems; (2) cheese ripening is affected by the interaction between milk (specific) and the traditional technology applied to the transformation process (non-specific). Also, the environment for a good ripening stage can be quite specific and not reproducible. With reference to milk, factors of typicality are species and/or breed, pedoclimatic conditions, animal management system and feeding. Other factors that influence cheese quality are milk treatments, milk processing and the ripening procedures. The technology applied to most cheeses currently known as PDO utilizes only raw milk, rennet and natural lactic acid bacteria, so that milk must be, at its origin, suitable for processing. The specific milk characteristics that ensure a high success rate for PDO cheeses are high protein content and good renneting properties, appropriate fat content with appropriate fatty acid composition and the presence of chemical flavours originating from local feeds. Moreover, an appropriate microflora is also of major importance. The factors that contribute to achieving milk suitable for transformation into PDO cheese are genetics, age, lactation stage, season and climate, general management and health conditions, milking and particularly feeding, which affect nutrient availability, endocrine response and health status, and also the presence of microbes and chemical substances which enrich or reduce the milk-cheese quality. Many of these factors are regulated by the Producer Associations. However, the secret of the success of PDO cheeses is the combination of

  2. Domain Specific Language Support for Exascale

    SciTech Connect

    Mellor-Crummey, John

    A multi-institutional project known as D-TEC (short for “Domain- specific Technology for Exascale Computing”) set out to explore technologies to support the construction of Domain Specific Languages (DSLs) to map application programs to exascale architectures. DSLs employ automated code transformation to shift the burden of delivering portable performance from application programmers to compilers. Two chief properties contribute: DSLs permit expression at a high level of abstraction so that a programmer’s intent is clear to a compiler and DSL implementations encapsulate human domain-specific optimization knowledge so that a compiler can be smart enough to achieve good results on specific hardware. Domainmore » specificity is what makes these properties possible in a programming language. If leveraging domain specificity is the key to keep exascale software tractable, a corollary is that many different DSLs will be needed to encompass the full range of exascale computing applications; moreover, a single application may well need to use several different DSLs in conjunction. As a result, developing a general toolkit for building domain-specific languages was a key goal for the D-TEC project. Different aspects of the D-TEC research portfolio were the focus of work at each of the partner institutions in the multi-institutional project. D-TEC research and development work at Rice University focused on on three principal topics: understanding how to automate the tuning of code for complex architectures, research and development of the Rosebud DSL engine, and compiler technology to support complex execution platforms. This report provides a summary of the research and development work on the D-TEC project at Rice University.« less

  3. Face recognition: a model specific ability.

    PubMed

    Wilmer, Jeremy B; Germine, Laura T; Nakayama, Ken

    2014-01-01

    In our everyday lives, we view it as a matter of course that different people are good at different things. It can be surprising, in this context, to learn that most of what is known about cognitive ability variation across individuals concerns the broadest of all cognitive abilities; an ability referred to as general intelligence, general mental ability, or just g. In contrast, our knowledge of specific abilities, those that correlate little with g, is severely constrained. Here, we draw upon our experience investigating an exceptionally specific ability, face recognition, to make the case that many specific abilities could easily have been missed. In making this case, we derive key insights from earlier false starts in the measurement of face recognition's variation across individuals, and we highlight the convergence of factors that enabled the recent discovery that this variation is specific. We propose that the case of face recognition ability illustrates a set of tools and perspectives that could accelerate fruitful work on specific cognitive abilities. By revealing relatively independent dimensions of human ability, such work would enhance our capacity to understand the uniqueness of individual minds.

  4. Item-specific processing reduces false memories.

    PubMed

    McCabe, David P; Presmanes, Alison G; Robertson, Chuck L; Smith, Anderson D

    2004-12-01

    We examined the effect of item-specific and relational encoding instructions on false recognition in two experiments in which the DRM paradigm was used (Deese, 1959; Roediger & McDermott, 1995). Type of encoding (item-specific or relational) was manipulated between subjects in Experiment 1 and within subjects in Experiment 2. Decision-based explanations (e.g., the distinctiveness heuristic) predict reductions in false recognition in between-subjects designs, but not in within-subjects designs, because they are conceptualized as global shifts in decision criteria. Memory-based explanations predict reductions in false recognition in both designs, resulting from enhanced recollection of item-specific details. False recognition was reduced following item-specific encoding instructions in both experiments, favoring a memory-based explanation. These results suggest that providing unique cues for the retrieval of individual studied items results in enhanced discrimination between those studied items and critical lures. Conversely, enhancing the similarity of studied items results in poor discrimination among items within a particular list theme. These results are discussed in terms of the item-specific/ relational framework (Hunt & McDaniel, 1993).

  5. Kill: boosting HIV-specific immune responses.

    PubMed

    Trautmann, Lydie

    2016-07-01

    Increasing evidence suggests that purging the latent HIV reservoir in virally suppressed individuals will require both the induction of viral replication from its latent state and the elimination of these reactivated HIV-infected cells ('Shock and Kill' strategy). Boosting potent HIV-specific CD8 T cells is a promising way to achieve an HIV cure. Recent studies provided the rationale for developing immune interventions to increase the numbers, function and location of HIV-specific CD8 T cells to purge HIV reservoirs. Multiple approaches are being evaluated including very early suppression of HIV replication in acute infection, adoptive cell transfer, therapeutic vaccination or use of immunomodulatory molecules. New assays to measure the killing and antiviral function of induced HIV-specific CD8 T cells have been developed to assess the efficacy of these new approaches. The strategies combining HIV reactivation and immunobased therapies to boost HIV-specific CD8 T cells can be tested in in-vivo and in-silico models to accelerate the design of new clinical trials. New immunobased strategies are explored to boost HIV-specific CD8 T cells able to purge the HIV-infected cells with the ultimate goal of achieving spontaneous control of viral replication without antiretroviral treatment.

  6. Kill: Boosting HIV-specific immune responses

    PubMed Central

    Trautmann, Lydie

    2016-01-01

    Purpose of review Increasing evidences suggest that purging the latent HIV reservoir in virally-suppressed individuals will require both the induction of viral replication from its latent state and the elimination of these reactivated HIV infected cells (“Shock and Kill” strategy). Boosting potent HIV-specific CD8 T cells is a promising way to achieve an HIV cure. Recent findings Recent studies provided the rationale for developing immune interventions to increase the numbers, function and location of HIV-specific CD8 T cells to purge HIV reservoirs. Multiple approaches are being evaluated including very early suppression of HIV replication in acute infection, adoptive cell transfer, therapeutic vaccination or use of immunomodulatory molecules. New assays to measure the killing and antiviral function of induced HIV-specific CD8 T cells have been developed to assess the efficacy of these new approaches. The strategies combining HIV reactivation and immunobased therapies to boost HIV-specific CD8 T cells can be tested in in vivo and in silico models to accelerate the design of new clinical trials. Summary New immunobased strategies are explored to boost HIV-specific CD8 T cells able to purge the HIV-infected cells with the ultimate goal of achieving spontaneous control of viral replication without antiretroviral treatment. PMID:27054280

  7. The specificity and organisation of autobiographical memories.

    PubMed

    Schulkind, Matthew D; Rahhal, Tamara A; Klein, Megan R; Lacher, Samantha R

    2012-01-01

    Previous research suggests that autobiographical memories are over-general and are organised according to life periods. One experiment assessed the specificity and organisation of autobiographical memory by manipulating two variables. The retrieval cues were either a set of three words (a theme, a time period, and an emotional valence) or a short narrative that included a specific theme, time period, and emotional valence. The instructions either encouraged the participants to respond as though they were conversing with a friend (social instructions) or did not specify a target audience (standard instructions). Narrative cues and standard instructions elicited more specific responses than word cues and social instructions, respectively. Whereas word cues elicited memories that were most likely to match the cues in terms of time period, narrative cues elicited memories that were most likely to match the cues in terms of theme. These data suggest that previous research underestimated the specificity of the autobiographical knowledge base and overestimated the importance of temporally defined life periods for organising autobiographical memory. Previous conclusions regarding the specificity and organisation of autobiographical memory may reflect the structure of autobiographical narratives and the methodologies used to collect such narratives rather than the content of autobiographical memory itself.

  8. Evaluation of ames Multistix-SG for urine specific gravity versus refractometer specific gravity.

    PubMed

    Adams, L J

    1983-12-01

    A comparison of urine specific gravity by a commercially available multiple reagent strip (Multistix-SG; Ames Division, Miles Laboratory) versus refractometer specific gravity (TS Meter; American Optical Corporation) was performed on 214 routine urine specimens. Agreement to +/- 0.005 was found in 72% of the specimens (r = 0.80). Urine specific gravity by the Multistix-SG showed a significant positive bias at urine pHs less than or equal to 6.0 and a negative bias at urine pHs greater than 7.0 in comparison to refractometer specific gravity. At concentrated (specific gravity greater than or equal to 1.020) specific gravities, up to 25% of urine specimens were misclassified as not concentrated by Multistix-SG specific gravity in comparison to refractometer specific gravity. The additional cost of the specific gravity reagent to a multiple reagent test strip in addition to the poor performance relative to refractometer specific gravity leads to the conclusion that including this specific gravity methodology on a multiple reagent strip is neither cost effective nor clinically useful.

  9. Transactions in domain-specific information systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zacek, Jaroslav

    2017-07-01

    Substantial number of the current information system (IS) implementations is based on transaction approach. In addition, most of the implementations are domain-specific (e.g. accounting IS, resource planning IS). Therefore, we have to have a generic transaction model to build and verify domain-specific IS. The paper proposes a new transaction model for domain-specific ontologies. This model is based on value oriented business process modelling technique. The transaction model is formalized by the Petri Net theory. First part of the paper presents common business processes and analyses related to business process modeling. Second part defines the transactional model delimited by REA enterprise ontology paradigm and introduces states of the generic transaction model. The generic model proposal is defined and visualized by the Petri Net modelling tool. Third part shows application of the generic transaction model. Last part of the paper concludes results and discusses a practical usability of the generic transaction model.

  10. Considerations for setting the specifications of vaccines.

    PubMed

    Minor, Philip

    2012-05-01

    The specifications of vaccines are determined by the particular product and its method of manufacture, which raise issues unique to the vaccine in question. However, the general principles are shared, including the need to have sufficient active material to immunize a very high proportion of recipients, an acceptable level of safety, which may require specific testing or may come from the production process, and an acceptable low level of contamination with unwanted materials, which may include infectious agents or materials used in production. These principles apply to the earliest smallpox vaccines and the most recent recombinant vaccines, such as those against HPV. Manufacturing development includes more precise definitions of the product through improved tests and tighter control of the process parameters. Good manufacturing practice plays a major role, which is likely to increase in importance in assuring product quality almost independent of end-product specifications.

  11. Treatment of specific phobia in older adults

    PubMed Central

    Pachana, Nancy A; Woodward, Rana M; Byrne, Gerard JA

    2007-01-01

    Phobias are common in later life, yet treatment research in this population remains scant. The efficacy of exposure therapy, in combination with other Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) components, in the treatment of specific phobia with a middle and older aged sample was examined. Sixteen adults aged 45–68 with DSM-IV diagnosis of a specific phobia received a manualized intervention over ten weeks, and were compared with a control group. Results indicated significant time effects in the treatment group for the primary outcome variables of phobic severity and avoidance as well as secondary outcome variables including depression and anxiety. Symptom presence and severity also significantly declined in the treatment group. No significant changes in state anxiety were noted across the treatment period. Such results provide support for the efficacy of exposure combined with CBT treatment for specific phobia in middle to older aged adults. PMID:18044196

  12. Sequence harmony: detecting functional specificity from alignments

    PubMed Central

    Feenstra, K. Anton; Pirovano, Walter; Krab, Klaas; Heringa, Jaap

    2007-01-01

    Multiple sequence alignments are often used for the identification of key specificity-determining residues within protein families. We present a web server implementation of the Sequence Harmony (SH) method previously introduced. SH accurately detects subfamily specific positions from a multiple alignment by scoring compositional differences between subfamilies, without imposing conservation. The SH web server allows a quick selection of subtype specific sites from a multiple alignment given a subfamily grouping. In addition, it allows the predicted sites to be directly mapped onto a protein structure and displayed. We demonstrate the use of the SH server using the family of plant mitochondrial alternative oxidases (AOX). In addition, we illustrate the usefulness of combining sequence and structural information by showing that the predicted sites are clustered into a few distinct regions in an AOX homology model. The SH web server can be accessed at www.ibi.vu.nl/programs/seqharmwww. PMID:17584793

  13. Glycan microarray screening assay for glycosyltransferase specificities.

    PubMed

    Peng, Wenjie; Nycholat, Corwin M; Razi, Nahid

    2013-01-01

    Glycan microarrays represent a high-throughput approach to determining the specificity of glycan-binding proteins against a large set of glycans in a single format. This chapter describes the use of a glycan microarray platform for evaluating the activity and substrate specificity of glycosyltransferases (GTs). The methodology allows simultaneous screening of hundreds of immobilized glycan acceptor substrates by in situ incubation of a GT and its appropriate donor substrate on the microarray surface. Using biotin-conjugated donor substrate enables direct detection of the incorporated sugar residues on acceptor substrates on the array. In addition, the feasibility of the method has been validated using label-free donor substrate combined with lectin-based detection of product to assess enzyme activity. Here, we describe the application of both procedures to assess the specificity of a recombinant human α2-6 sialyltransferase. This technique is readily adaptable to studying other glycosyltransferases.

  14. Emergency Medicine Gender-specific Education.

    PubMed

    Ashurst, John V; McGregor, Alyson J; Safdar, Basmah; Weaver, Kevin R; Quinn, Shawn M; Rosenau, Alex M; Goyke, Terrence E; Roth, Kevin R; Greenberg, Marna R

    2014-12-01

    The 2014 Academic Emergency Medicine consensus conference has taken the first step in identifying gender-specific care as an area of importance to both emergency medicine (EM) and research. To improve patient care, we need to address educational gaps in this area concurrent with research gaps. In this article, the authors highlight the need for sex- and gender-specific education in EM and propose guidelines for medical student, resident, and faculty education. Specific examples of incorporating this content into grand rounds, simulation, bedside teaching, and journal club sessions are reviewed. Future challenges and strategies to fill the gaps in the current education model are also described. © 2014 by the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine.

  15. Alteration of hairpin ribozyme specificity utilizing PCR.

    PubMed

    DeGrandis, P; Hampel, A; Galasinski, S; Borneman, J; Siwkowski, A; Altschuler, M

    1994-12-01

    We have developed a method by which a researcher can quickly alter the specificity of a trans hairpin ribozyme. Utilizing this PCR method, two oligonucleotides, and any target vector, new ribozyme template sequences can be generated without the synthesis of longer oligonucleotides. We have produced templates with altered specificity for both standard and modified (larger) ribozymes. After transcription, these ribozymes show specific cleavage activity with the new substrate beta-glucuronidase (GUS), and no activity against the original substrate (HIV-1, 5' leader sequence). Utilizing this technique, it is also possible to produce an inactive ribozyme that can be used as an antisense control. Applications of this procedure would provide a rapid and economical system for the assessment of trans ribozyme activity.

  16. Cell specific, variable density, polymer microspheres

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yen, Shiao-Ping S. (Inventor); Rembaum, Alan (Inventor); Molday, Robert S. (Inventor)

    1978-01-01

    Biocompatible polymeric microspheres having an average diameter below about 3 microns and having a density at least 15% greater or lesser than organic cells and having covalent binding sites are provided in accordance with this invention. The microspheres are obtained by copolymerizing a hydroxy or amine substituted acrylic monomer such as hydroxyethylmethacrylate with a light or dense comonomer such as a fluoromonomer. A lectin or antibody is bound to the hydroxy or amine site of the bead to provide cell specificity. When added to a cell suspension the marked bead will specifically label the cell membrane by binding to specific receptor sites thereon. The labelled membrane can then be separated by density gradient centrifugation.

  17. Property Specification Patterns for intelligence building software

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chun, Seungsu

    2018-03-01

    In this paper, through the property specification pattern research for Modal MU(μ) logical aspects present a single framework based on the pattern of intelligence building software. In this study, broken down by state property specification pattern classification of Dwyer (S) and action (A) and was subdivided into it again strong (A) and weaknesses (E). Through these means based on a hierarchical pattern classification of the property specification pattern analysis of logical aspects Mu(μ) was applied to the pattern classification of the examples used in the actual model checker. As a result, not only can a more accurate classification than the existing classification systems were easy to create and understand the attributes specified.

  18. AWS breaks new ground with soldering specification.

    SciTech Connect

    Vianco, Paul Thomas

    Joining technologies continue to advance with new materials, process innovations, and inspection techniques. An increasing number of high-valued, high-reliability applications -- from boilers and ship hulls to rocket motors and medical devices -- have required the development of industry standards and specifications in order to ensure that the best design and manufacturing practices are being used to produce safe, durable products and assemblies. Standards writing has always had an important role at the American Welding Society (AWS). The AWS standards and specifications cover such topics as filler materials, joining processes, inspection techniques, and qualification methods that are used in weldingmore » and brazing technologies. These AWS standards and specifications, all of which are approved by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), have also provided the basis for many similar documents used in Europe and in Pacific Rim countries.« less

  19. Primary auditory cortex regulates threat memory specificity.

    PubMed

    Wigestrand, Mattis B; Schiff, Hillary C; Fyhn, Marianne; LeDoux, Joseph E; Sears, Robert M

    2017-01-01

    Distinguishing threatening from nonthreatening stimuli is essential for survival and stimulus generalization is a hallmark of anxiety disorders. While auditory threat learning produces long-lasting plasticity in primary auditory cortex (Au1), it is not clear whether such Au1 plasticity regulates memory specificity or generalization. We used muscimol infusions in rats to show that discriminatory threat learning requires Au1 activity specifically during memory acquisition and retrieval, but not during consolidation. Memory specificity was similarly disrupted by infusion of PKMζ inhibitor peptide (ZIP) during memory storage. Our findings show that Au1 is required at critical memory phases and suggest that Au1 plasticity enables stimulus discrimination. © 2016 Wigestrand et al.; Published by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.

  20. Specificity in Legume-Rhizobia Symbioses.

    PubMed

    Andrews, Mitchell; Andrews, Morag E

    2017-03-26

    Most species in the Leguminosae (legume family) can fix atmospheric nitrogen (N₂) via symbiotic bacteria (rhizobia) in root nodules. Here, the literature on legume-rhizobia symbioses in field soils was reviewed and genotypically characterised rhizobia related to the taxonomy of the legumes from which they were isolated. The Leguminosae was divided into three sub-families, the Caesalpinioideae, Mimosoideae and Papilionoideae. Bradyrhizobium spp. were the exclusive rhizobial symbionts of species in the Caesalpinioideae, but data are limited. Generally, a range of rhizobia genera nodulated legume species across the two Mimosoideae tribes Ingeae and Mimoseae, but Mimosa spp. show specificity towards Burkholderia in central and southern Brazil, Rhizobium / Ensifer in central Mexico and Cupriavidus in southern Uruguay. These specific symbioses are likely to be at least in part related to the relative occurrence of the potential symbionts in soils of the different regions. Generally, Papilionoideae species were promiscuous in relation to rhizobial symbionts, but specificity for rhizobial genus appears to hold at the tribe level for the Fabeae ( Rhizobium ), the genus level for Cytisus ( Bradyrhizobium ), Lupinus ( Bradyrhizobium ) and the New Zealand native Sophora spp. ( Mesorhizobium ) and species level for Cicer arietinum ( Mesorhizobium ), Listia bainesii ( Methylobacterium ) and Listia angolensis ( Microvirga ). Specificity for rhizobial species/symbiovar appears to hold for Galega officinalis ( Neorhizobium galegeae sv. officinalis ) , Galega orientalis ( Neorhizobium galegeae sv. orientalis ), Hedysarum coronarium ( Rhizobium sullae ), Medicago laciniata ( Ensifer meliloti sv. medicaginis ), Medicago rigiduloides ( Ensifer meliloti sv. rigiduloide s) and Trifolium ambiguum ( Rhizobium leguminosarum sv. trifolii ). Lateral gene transfer of specific symbiosis genes within rhizobial genera is an important mechanism allowing legumes to form symbioses with rhizobia

  1. An Approach to Greater Specificity for Glucocorticoids

    PubMed Central

    Chow, Carson C.; Simons, S. Stoney

    2018-01-01

    Glucocorticoid steroids are among the most prescribed drugs each year. Nonetheless, the many undesirable side effects, and lack of selectivity, restrict their greater usage. Research to increase glucocorticoid specificity has spanned many years. These efforts have been hampered by the ability of glucocorticoids to both induce and repress gene transcription and also by the lack of success in defining any predictable properties that control glucocorticoid specificity. Correlations of transcriptional specificity have been observed with changes in steroid structure, receptor and chromatin conformation, DNA sequence for receptor binding, and associated cofactors. However, none of these studies have progressed to the point of being able to offer guidance for increased specificity. We summarize here a mathematical theory that allows a novel and quantifiable approach to increase selectivity. The theory applies to all three major actions of glucocorticoid receptors: induction by agonists, induction by antagonists, and repression by agonists. Simple graphical analysis of competition assays involving any two factors (steroid, chemical, peptide, protein, DNA, etc.) yields information (1) about the kinetically described mechanism of action for each factor at that step where the factor acts in the overall reaction sequence and (2) about the relative position of that step where each factor acts. These two pieces of information uniquely provide direction for increasing the specificity of glucocorticoid action. Consideration of all three modes of action indicate that the most promising approach for increased specificity is to vary the concentrations of those cofactors/pharmaceuticals that act closest to the observed end point. The potential for selectivity is even greater when varying cofactors/pharmaceuticals in conjunction with a select class of antagonists. PMID:29593646

  2. Specificity in Legume-Rhizobia Symbioses

    PubMed Central

    Andrews, Mitchell; Andrews, Morag E.

    2017-01-01

    Most species in the Leguminosae (legume family) can fix atmospheric nitrogen (N2) via symbiotic bacteria (rhizobia) in root nodules. Here, the literature on legume-rhizobia symbioses in field soils was reviewed and genotypically characterised rhizobia related to the taxonomy of the legumes from which they were isolated. The Leguminosae was divided into three sub-families, the Caesalpinioideae, Mimosoideae and Papilionoideae. Bradyrhizobium spp. were the exclusive rhizobial symbionts of species in the Caesalpinioideae, but data are limited. Generally, a range of rhizobia genera nodulated legume species across the two Mimosoideae tribes Ingeae and Mimoseae, but Mimosa spp. show specificity towards Burkholderia in central and southern Brazil, Rhizobium/Ensifer in central Mexico and Cupriavidus in southern Uruguay. These specific symbioses are likely to be at least in part related to the relative occurrence of the potential symbionts in soils of the different regions. Generally, Papilionoideae species were promiscuous in relation to rhizobial symbionts, but specificity for rhizobial genus appears to hold at the tribe level for the Fabeae (Rhizobium), the genus level for Cytisus (Bradyrhizobium), Lupinus (Bradyrhizobium) and the New Zealand native Sophora spp. (Mesorhizobium) and species level for Cicer arietinum (Mesorhizobium), Listia bainesii (Methylobacterium) and Listia angolensis (Microvirga). Specificity for rhizobial species/symbiovar appears to hold for Galega officinalis (Neorhizobium galegeae sv. officinalis), Galega orientalis (Neorhizobium galegeae sv. orientalis), Hedysarum coronarium (Rhizobium sullae), Medicago laciniata (Ensifer meliloti sv. medicaginis), Medicago rigiduloides (Ensifer meliloti sv. rigiduloides) and Trifolium ambiguum (Rhizobium leguminosarum sv. trifolii). Lateral gene transfer of specific symbiosis genes within rhizobial genera is an important mechanism allowing legumes to form symbioses with rhizobia adapted to particular soils

  3. Disease Specific Productivity of American Cancer Hospitals

    PubMed Central

    Goldstein, Jeffery A.; Prasad, Vinay

    2015-01-01

    Context Research-oriented cancer hospitals in the United States treat and study patients with a range of diseases. Measures of disease specific research productivity, and comparison to overall productivity, are currently lacking. Hypothesis Different institutions are specialized in research of particular diseases. Objective To report disease specific productivity of American cancer hospitals, and propose a summary measure. Method We conducted a retrospective observational survey of the 50 highest ranked cancer hospitals in the 2013 US News and World Report rankings. We performed an automated search of PubMed and Clinicaltrials.gov for published reports and registrations of clinical trials (respectively) addressing specific cancers between 2008 and 2013. We calculated the summed impact factor for the publications. We generated a summary measure of productivity based on the number of Phase II clinical trials registered and the impact factor of Phase II clinical trials published for each institution and disease pair. We generated rankings based on this summary measure. Results We identified 6076 registered trials and 6516 published trials with a combined impact factor of 44280.4, involving 32 different diseases over the 50 institutions. Using a summary measure based on registered and published clinical trails, we ranked institutions in specific diseases. As expected, different institutions were highly ranked in disease-specific productivity for different diseases. 43 institutions appeared in the top 10 ranks for at least 1 disease (vs 10 in the overall list), while 6 different institutions were ranked number 1 in at least 1 disease (vs 1 in the overall list). Conclusion Research productivity varies considerably among the sample. Overall cancer productivity conceals great variation between diseases. Disease specific rankings identify sites of high academic productivity, which may be of interest to physicians, patients and researchers. PMID:25781329

  4. Disease specific productivity of american cancer hospitals.

    PubMed

    Goldstein, Jeffery A; Prasad, Vinay

    2015-01-01

    Research-oriented cancer hospitals in the United States treat and study patients with a range of diseases. Measures of disease specific research productivity, and comparison to overall productivity, are currently lacking. Different institutions are specialized in research of particular diseases. To report disease specific productivity of American cancer hospitals, and propose a summary measure. We conducted a retrospective observational survey of the 50 highest ranked cancer hospitals in the 2013 US News and World Report rankings. We performed an automated search of PubMed and Clinicaltrials.gov for published reports and registrations of clinical trials (respectively) addressing specific cancers between 2008 and 2013. We calculated the summed impact factor for the publications. We generated a summary measure of productivity based on the number of Phase II clinical trials registered and the impact factor of Phase II clinical trials published for each institution and disease pair. We generated rankings based on this summary measure. We identified 6076 registered trials and 6516 published trials with a combined impact factor of 44280.4, involving 32 different diseases over the 50 institutions. Using a summary measure based on registered and published clinical trails, we ranked institutions in specific diseases. As expected, different institutions were highly ranked in disease-specific productivity for different diseases. 43 institutions appeared in the top 10 ranks for at least 1 disease (vs 10 in the overall list), while 6 different institutions were ranked number 1 in at least 1 disease (vs 1 in the overall list). Research productivity varies considerably among the sample. Overall cancer productivity conceals great variation between diseases. Disease specific rankings identify sites of high academic productivity, which may be of interest to physicians, patients and researchers.

  5. Naturally occurring, tumor-specific, therapeutic proteins.

    PubMed

    Argiris, Konstantinos; Panethymitaki, Chrysoula; Tavassoli, Mahvash

    2011-05-01

    The emerging approach to cancer treatment known as targeted therapies offers hope in improving the treatment of therapy-resistant cancers. Recent understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of cancer has led to the development of targeted novel drugs such as monoclonal antibodies, small molecule inhibitors, mimetics, antisense and small interference RNA-based strategies, among others. These compounds act on specific targets that are believed to contribute to the development and progression of cancers and resistance of tumors to conventional therapies. Delivered individually or combined with chemo- and/or radiotherapy, such novel drugs have produced significant responses in certain types of cancer. Among the most successful novel compounds are those which target tyrosine kinases (imatinib, trastuzumab, sinutinib, cetuximab). However, these compounds can cause severe side-effects as they inhibit pathways such as epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) or platelet-derived growth factor receptor, which are also important for normal functions in non-transformed cells. Recently, a number of proteins have been identified which show a remarkable tumor-specific cytotoxic activity. This toxicity is independent of tumor type or specific genetic changes such as p53, pRB or EGFR aberrations. These tumor-specific killer proteins are either derived from common human and animal viruses such as E1A, E4ORF4 and VP3 (apoptin) or of cellular origin, such as TRAIL (tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand) and MDA-7 (melanoma differentiation associated-7). This review aims to present a current overview of a selection of these proteins with preferential toxicity among cancer cells and will provide an insight into the possible mechanism of action, tumor specificity and their potential as novel tumor-specific cancer therapeutics.

  6. Interactive specification acquisition via scenarios: A proposal

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hall, Robert J.

    1992-01-01

    Some reactive systems are most naturally specified by giving large collections of behavior scenarios. These collections not only specify the behavior of the system, but also provide good test suites for validating the implemented system. Due to the complexity of the systems and the number of scenarios, however, it appears that automated assistance is necessary to make this software development process workable. Interactive Specification Acquisition Tool (ISAT) is a proposed interactive system for supporting the acquisition and maintenance of a formal system specification from scenarios, as well as automatic synthesis of control code and automated test generation. This paper discusses the background, motivation, proposed functions, and implementation status of ISAT.

  7. [Development of domain specific search engines].

    PubMed

    Takai, T; Tokunaga, M; Maeda, K; Kaminuma, T

    2000-01-01

    As cyber space exploding in a pace that nobody has ever imagined, it becomes very important to search cyber space efficiently and effectively. One solution to this problem is search engines. Already a lot of commercial search engines have been put on the market. However these search engines respond with such cumbersome results that domain specific experts can not tolerate. Using a dedicate hardware and a commercial software called OpenText, we have tried to develop several domain specific search engines. These engines are for our institute's Web contents, drugs, chemical safety, endocrine disruptors, and emergent response for chemical hazard. These engines have been on our Web site for testing.

  8. Software engineering with application-specific languages

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Campbell, David J.; Barker, Linda; Mitchell, Deborah; Pollack, Robert H.

    1993-01-01

    Application-Specific Languages (ASL's) are small, special-purpose languages that are targeted to solve a specific class of problems. Using ASL's on software development projects can provide considerable cost savings, reduce risk, and enhance quality and reliability. ASL's provide a platform for reuse within a project or across many projects and enable less-experienced programmers to tap into the expertise of application-area experts. ASL's have been used on several software development projects for the Space Shuttle Program. On these projects, the use of ASL's resulted in considerable cost savings over conventional development techniques. Two of these projects are described.

  9. Site-Specific Infrared Probes of Proteins

    PubMed Central

    Ma, Jianqiang; Pazos, Ileana M.; Zhang, Wenkai; Culik, Robert M.; Gai, Feng

    2015-01-01

    Infrared spectroscopy has played an instrumental role in studying a wide variety of biological questions. However, in many cases it is impossible or difficult to rely on the intrinsic vibrational modes of biological molecules of interest, such as proteins, to reveal structural and/or environmental information in a site-specific manner. To overcome this limitation, many recent efforts have been dedicated to the development and application of various extrinsic vibrational probes that can be incorporated into biological molecules and used to site-specifically interrogate their structural and/or environmental properties. In this Review, we highlight some recent advancements of this rapidly growing research area. PMID:25580624

  10. Nutrient-Specific Foraging in Invertebrate Predators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mayntz, David; Raubenheimer, David; Salomon, Mor; Toft, Søren; Simpson, Stephen J.

    2005-01-01

    Many herbivores and omnivores adjust their food selection behavior to regulate the intake of multiple nutrients. Carnivores, however, are generally assumed to optimize the rate of prey capture rather than select prey according to nutrient composition. We showed experimentally that invertebrate predators can forage selectively for protein and lipids to redress specific nutritional imbalances. This selection can take place at different stages of prey handling: The predator may select among foods of different nutritional composition, eat more of a prey if it is rich in nutrients that the predator is deficient in, or extract specific nutrients from a single prey item.

  11. Adenine specific DNA chemical sequencing reaction.

    PubMed Central

    Iverson, B L; Dervan, P B

    1987-01-01

    Reaction of DNA with K2PdCl4 at pH 2.0 followed by a piperidine workup produces specific cleavage at adenine (A) residues. Product analysis revealed the K2PdCl4 reaction involves selective depurination at adenine, affording an excision reaction analogous to the other chemical DNA sequencing reactions. Adenine residues methylated at the exocyclic amine (N6) react with lower efficiency than unmethylated adenine in an identical sequence. This simple protocol specific for A may be a useful addition to current chemical sequencing reactions. Images PMID:3671067

  12. Specific spice modeling of microcrystalline silicon TFTs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moustapha, O.; Bui, V. D.; Bonnassieux, Y.; Parey, J. Y.

    2008-03-01

    In this paper we present a specific spice static and dynamic model of microcrystalline silicon (μc-Si) thin film transistors (TFTs) taking into account the access resistances and the capacitors contributions. The previously existing models of amorphous silicon and polysilicon TFTs were not completely suited, so we combined them to build a new specific model of μc-Si TFTs. The reliability of the model is then checked by the comparison of experimental measurements to simulations and by simulating the characteristics of some electronic devices (OLED pixels, inverters, and so on).

  13. Investigating whether maternal memory specificity is indirectly associated with child memory specificity through maternal reminiscing.

    PubMed

    Jobson, Laura; Burford, Kimberly; Burns, Breana; Baldry, Amelia; Wu, Yun

    2018-05-14

    Maternal reminiscing and remembering has a profound influence on the development of children's autobiographical remembering skills. The current study investigated the relationships between maternal memory specificity, maternal reminiscing and child memory specificity. Participants consisted of 40 mother-child dyads. Children's age ranged between 3.5 and 6 years. Mothers and children participated in individual assessments of autobiographical memory specificity. Dyads participated in a joint reminiscing task about three past emotional (happy, sad, stressful) events. A positive moderate association was found between maternal autobiographical memory specificity and child autobiographical memory specificity. Maternal autobiographical memory specificity was significantly correlated with mothers' focus on the task, involvement and reciprocity, resolution of negative feelings, and structuring of narratives in the mother-child reminiscing task. Moderate positive associations were found between maternal focus and structuring and child memory specificity. There was no evidence to suggest maternal elaborative reminiscing style was significantly positively correlated with mother or child memory specificity. Finally, there was support for an indirect pathway between maternal memory specificity and child memory specificity through quality of support and guidance provided by the mother in maternal reminiscing. Theoretical and clinical implications are considered.

  14. Differences in DNA Binding Specificity of Floral Homeotic Protein Complexes Predict Organ-Specific Target Genes.

    PubMed

    Smaczniak, Cezary; Muiño, Jose M; Chen, Dijun; Angenent, Gerco C; Kaufmann, Kerstin

    2017-08-01

    Floral organ identities in plants are specified by the combinatorial action of homeotic master regulatory transcription factors. However, how these factors achieve their regulatory specificities is still largely unclear. Genome-wide in vivo DNA binding data show that homeotic MADS domain proteins recognize partly distinct genomic regions, suggesting that DNA binding specificity contributes to functional differences of homeotic protein complexes. We used in vitro systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment followed by high-throughput DNA sequencing (SELEX-seq) on several floral MADS domain protein homo- and heterodimers to measure their DNA binding specificities. We show that specification of reproductive organs is associated with distinct binding preferences of a complex formed by SEPALLATA3 and AGAMOUS. Binding specificity is further modulated by different binding site spacing preferences. Combination of SELEX-seq and genome-wide DNA binding data allows differentiation between targets in specification of reproductive versus perianth organs in the flower. We validate the importance of DNA binding specificity for organ-specific gene regulation by modulating promoter activity through targeted mutagenesis. Our study shows that intrafamily protein interactions affect DNA binding specificity of floral MADS domain proteins. Differential DNA binding of MADS domain protein complexes plays a role in the specificity of target gene regulation. © 2017 American Society of Plant Biologists. All rights reserved.

  15. System specification for the reusable reentry satellite

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1991-01-01

    The RRS design shall provide a relatively inexpensive method of access to micro and fractional gravity space environments for an extended period of time, with eventual intact recovery on the surface of the Earth. This specification establishes the performance, design, development, and test requirements for the Reusable Reentry Satellite (RRS) system.

  16. 50 CFR 648.200 - Specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Limit (OFL), Acceptable Biological Catch (ABC), Annual Catch Limit (ACL), Optimum yield (OY), domestic... (BT), the sub-ACL for each management area, including seasonal periods as specified at § 648.201(d... (from 0 to 3 percent of the sub-ACL from any management area). Recommended specifications shall be...

  17. 50 CFR 648.200 - Specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Limit (OFL), Acceptable Biological Catch (ABC), Annual Catch Limit (ACL), Optimum yield (OY), domestic... (BT), the sub-ACL for each management area, including seasonal periods as specified at § 648.201(d... (from 0 to 3 percent of the sub-ACL from any management area). Recommended specifications shall be...

  18. 50 CFR 648.200 - Specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Limit (OFL), Acceptable Biological Catch (ABC), Annual Catch Limit (ACL), Optimum yield (OY), domestic... (BT), the sub-ACL for each management area, including seasonal periods as specified at § 648.201(d... (from 0 to 3 percent of the sub-ACL from any management area). Recommended specifications shall be...

  19. 50 CFR 648.200 - Specifications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Limit (OFL), Acceptable Biological Catch (ABC), Annual Catch Limit (ACL), Optimum yield (OY), domestic... (BT), the sub-ACL for each management area, including seasonal periods as specified at § 648.201(d... (from 0 to 3 percent of the sub-ACL from any management area). Recommended specifications shall be...

  20. 30 CFR 22.7 - Specific requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS PORTABLE METHANE DETECTORS § 22.7 Specific requirements. (a) Design. In the... explosion hazard—(1) Detectors. Detectors shall be constructed so that they will not cause external... diameter and are of reasonably thick glass. (4) Battery. If the detector is equipped with a battery, it...

  1. 30 CFR 22.7 - Specific requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS PORTABLE METHANE DETECTORS § 22.7 Specific requirements. (a) Design. In the... explosion hazard—(1) Detectors. Detectors shall be constructed so that they will not cause external... diameter and are of reasonably thick glass. (4) Battery. If the detector is equipped with a battery, it...

  2. 30 CFR 22.7 - Specific requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS PORTABLE METHANE DETECTORS § 22.7 Specific requirements. (a) Design. In the... explosion hazard—(1) Detectors. Detectors shall be constructed so that they will not cause external... diameter and are of reasonably thick glass. (4) Battery. If the detector is equipped with a battery, it...

  3. 30 CFR 22.7 - Specific requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS PORTABLE METHANE DETECTORS § 22.7 Specific requirements. (a) Design. In the... explosion hazard—(1) Detectors. Detectors shall be constructed so that they will not cause external... diameter and are of reasonably thick glass. (4) Battery. If the detector is equipped with a battery, it...

  4. Visuospatial Immediate Memory in Specific Language Impairment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Archibald, Lisa M. D.; Gathercole, Susan E.

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: Investigations of the cognitive processes underlying specific language impairment (SLI) have implicated deficits in verbal short-term and working memory and in particular the storage and processing of phonological information. This study investigated short-term and working memory for visuospatial material for a group of children with SLI,…

  5. 7 CFR 57.100 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT (CONTINUED) INSPECTION OF EGGS (EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT) Regulations Governing the Inspection of Eggs Exemptions § 57.100 Specific... production directly to a household consumer exclusively for use by such consumer and members of his household...

  6. 7 CFR 57.100 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT (CONTINUED) INSPECTION OF EGGS (EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT) Regulations Governing the Inspection of Eggs Exemptions § 57.100 Specific... production directly to a household consumer exclusively for use by such consumer and members of his household...

  7. 9 CFR 590.100 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Specific exemptions. 590.100 Section 590.100 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION INSPECTION OF EGGS AND EGG PRODUCTS (EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT) Exemptions § 590.100...

  8. 9 CFR 590.100 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Specific exemptions. 590.100 Section 590.100 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION INSPECTION OF EGGS AND EGG PRODUCTS (EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT) Exemptions § 590.100...

  9. 7 CFR 57.100 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT (CONTINUED) INSPECTION OF EGGS (EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT) Regulations Governing the Inspection of Eggs Exemptions § 57.100 Specific... production directly to a household consumer exclusively for use by such consumer and members of his household...

  10. 9 CFR 590.100 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Specific exemptions. 590.100 Section 590.100 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION INSPECTION OF EGGS AND EGG PRODUCTS (EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT) Exemptions § 590.100...

  11. 7 CFR 57.100 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT (CONTINUED) INSPECTION OF EGGS (EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT) Regulations Governing the Inspection of Eggs Exemptions § 57.100 Specific... production directly to a household consumer exclusively for use by such consumer and members of his household...

  12. 9 CFR 590.100 - Specific exemptions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Specific exemptions. 590.100 Section 590.100 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION INSPECTION OF EGGS AND EGG PRODUCTS (EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT) Exemptions § 590.100...

  13. Isotope specific arbitrary material flow meter

    DOEpatents

    Barty, Christopher P. J.; Post, John C.; Jones, Edwin

    2016-10-25

    A laser-based mono-energetic gamma-ray source is used to provide non-destructive and non-intrusive, quantitative determination of the absolute amount of a specific isotope contained within pipe as part of a moving fluid or quasi-fluid material stream.

  14. XML Based Markup Languages for Specific Domains

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Varde, Aparna; Rundensteiner, Elke; Fahrenholz, Sally

    A challenging area in web based support systems is the study of human activities in connection with the web, especially with reference to certain domains. This includes capturing human reasoning in information retrieval, facilitating the exchange of domain-specific knowledge through a common platform and developing tools for the analysis of data on the web from a domain expert's angle. Among the techniques and standards related to such work, we have XML, the eXtensible Markup Language. This serves as a medium of communication for storing and publishing textual, numeric and other forms of data seamlessly. XML tag sets are such that they preserve semantics and simplify the understanding of stored information by users. Often domain-specific markup languages are designed using XML, with a user-centric perspective. Standardization bodies and research communities may extend these to include additional semantics of areas within and related to the domain. This chapter outlines the issues to be considered in developing domain-specific markup languages: the motivation for development, the semantic considerations, the syntactic constraints and other relevant aspects, especially taking into account human factors. Illustrating examples are provided from domains such as Medicine, Finance and Materials Science. Particular emphasis in these examples is on the Materials Markup Language MatML and the semantics of one of its areas, namely, the Heat Treating of Materials. The focus of this chapter, however, is not the design of one particular language but rather the generic issues concerning the development of domain-specific markup languages.

  15. 30 CFR 22.7 - Specific requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS PORTABLE METHANE DETECTORS § 22.7 Specific requirements. (a) Design. In the... shall be of such design that it will not produce sparks that will ignite an explosive mixture of methane and air. (5) Detectors of the flame type. Methane detectors of the flame type shall be subject to the...

  16. 46 CFR 170.160 - Specific applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...) A vessel that performs one of the simplified stability proof tests described in subpart C of part... COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SUBDIVISION AND STABILITY STABILITY REQUIREMENTS FOR ALL INSPECTED VESSELS Intact Stability Criteria § 170.160 Specific applicability. (a) Except...

  17. 46 CFR 170.160 - Specific applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...) A vessel that performs one of the simplified stability proof tests described in subpart C of part... COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SUBDIVISION AND STABILITY STABILITY REQUIREMENTS FOR ALL INSPECTED VESSELS Intact Stability Criteria § 170.160 Specific applicability. (a) Except...

  18. 46 CFR 170.160 - Specific applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...) A vessel that performs one of the simplified stability proof tests described in subpart C of part... COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SUBDIVISION AND STABILITY STABILITY REQUIREMENTS FOR ALL INSPECTED VESSELS Intact Stability Criteria § 170.160 Specific applicability. (a) Except...

  19. 46 CFR 170.160 - Specific applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...) A vessel that performs one of the simplified stability proof tests described in subpart C of part... COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SUBDIVISION AND STABILITY STABILITY REQUIREMENTS FOR ALL INSPECTED VESSELS Intact Stability Criteria § 170.160 Specific applicability. (a) Except...

  20. 48 CFR 8.712 - Specification changes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... the AbilityOne participating nonprofit agency and appropriate central nonprofit agency of any change in specifications or descriptions. In the absence of such written notification, the Ability... concerned at least 90 days prior to the date that any changes in the scope of work or other conditions will...