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Sample records for abe reading instruction

  1. The ABE/AMH Manual. An Instructional Guide for ABE Programs Serving Mentally Handicapped Adults.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lehman, Scott C.; Edgar, S. Keith

    This handbook provides adult basic education teachers with instructional materials for working with adult mentally handicapped students. Section 1 examines planning programs for adult mentally retarded students (getting started, specific considerations, various kinds of program sites) and implementing instruction (staff selection and training).…

  2. Using the ICOT Instrument to Improve Instructional Technology Usage in the ABE Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lentz, Brannon W.

    2011-01-01

    The International Society for Technology (ISTE) in Education promotes the use of a specific tool--the ISTE Classroom Observation Tool (ICOT)--to measure and improve the use of instructional technologies in Adult Basic Education (ABE) classrooms. The purpose of this article is to describe an application process for the use of the ICOT instrument…

  3. Philosophies of Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ediger, Marlow

    2013-01-01

    There are selected philosophies of reading instruction which are relevant in providing for individual differences among learners. These need to be studied in-depth by reading teachers in order to best provide for each pupil in the classroom. Pupils differ from each other in reading achievement, interests, and purposes, and it is a challenge to…

  4. Organizing for Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ediger, Marlow

    The classroom should be organized for optimal pupil achievement. Learners should be free to view and read diverse forms and kinds of printed work in a relaxed atmosphere. An area in the classroom should be designated for large group instruction where pupils may work together as a unit. Another area in the classroom should be used to stress…

  5. Strategies to Overcome Negative Reading Habits of ABE Participants: A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanfel, Jane E.

    1996-01-01

    The author theorizes that her students, single-parent welfare recipients, develop negative reading habits to camouflage low literacy. She describes instructional strategies that fail to help and methods she found effective. (SK)

  6. INDIVIDUALIZED READING AND PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    COHEN, S. ALAN

    A MODEL READING APPROACH TO INCREASE THE QUALITY AND QUANTITY OF READING INSTRUCTION IN THE CLASSROOM IS PRESENTED. THE CRITERIA OF GOOD TEACHING METHODOLOGY ARE THAT PROGRAMS SHOULD MEET INDIVIDUAL STUDENT NEEDS, THAT A PROGRAM'S LEVEL OF CONTENT SHOULD BE TAILORED TO THE INDIVIDUAL STUDENT'S LEVEL OF CAPACITY AND ACHIEVEMENT, THAT THE SPEED OF…

  7. Motivating Reading Comprehension: Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guthrie, John T., Ed.; Wigfield, Allan, Ed.; Perencevich, Kathleen C., Ed.

    2004-01-01

    Concept Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI) is a unique, classroom-tested model of reading instruction that breaks new ground by explicitly showing how content knowledge, reading strategies, and motivational support all merge in successful reading instruction. A theoretical perspective (engagement in reading) frames the book and provides a…

  8. The Effect of Guided Reading Instruction on Reading Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Underwood, Vanda Lea

    2010-01-01

    Although reading achievement correlates highly with a student's ability to do well in school, not all children achieve in reading. The purpose of this mixed-method study was to investigate whether reading instruction provided in small groups at the child's own reading level, known as "guided reading instruction," would result in significant…

  9. Direct Reading Instruction and the NYS ELA

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones-Carey, Margaret H.

    2013-01-01

    This study analyzed the impact of classroom based reading instruction ("direct instruction") on the standardized test scores of 6th grade students as measured by the New York State English Language Arts assessment (NYS ELA). It was hypothesized that the implementation of direct instruction in reading in grade 6 would improve NYS ELA…

  10. Explicit Instruction Elements in Core Reading Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Child, Angela R.

    2012-01-01

    Classroom teachers are provided instructional recommendations for teaching reading from their adopted core reading programs (CRPs). Explicit instruction elements or what is also called instructional moves, including direct explanation, modeling, guided practice, independent practice, discussion, feedback, and monitoring, were examined within CRP…

  11. Diagnostic Reading Instruction in the Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guszak, Frank J.

    This book is divided into five major parts. Part One, "Background: Diagnostic Reading Instruction," discusses some of the common explanations of reading failure and provides a modern reading program in action. Part Two, "What the Diagnostic Reading Teacher Knows," operates on the hypothesis that those who teach reading skills must know such…

  12. Key Reading Recovery Strategies to Support Classroom Guided Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lipp, Jamie R.; Helfrich, Sara R.

    2016-01-01

    Effective teachers are continuously striving to improve their instruction. Reading Recovery teachers have detailed and specific literacy training and expertise that can be of great value to classroom teachers, especially in the area of guided reading instruction. This article explores the ways in which key Reading Recovery strategies can be…

  13. Explicit Instruction in Core Reading Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reutzel, D. Ray; Child, Angela; Jones, Cindy D.; Clark, Sarah K.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to conduct a content analysis of the types and occurrences of explicit instructional moves recommended for teaching five essentials of effective reading instruction in grades 1, 3, and 5 core reading program teachers' editions in five widely marketed core reading programs. Guided practice was the most frequently…

  14. Role of Reading Engagement in Mediating Effects of Reading Comprehension Instruction on Reading Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wigfield, Allan; Guthrie, John T.; Perencevich, Kathleen C.; Taboada, Ana; Klauda, Susan Lutz; McRae, Angela; Barbosa, Pedro

    2008-01-01

    The engagement model of reading development suggests that instruction improves students' reading comprehension to the extent that it increases students' engagement processes in reading. We compared how Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI) (support for cognitive and motivational processes in reading), strategy instruction (support for…

  15. Turning Contemporary Reading Research into Instructional Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frager, Alan; Hahn, Amos

    1988-01-01

    Highlights contemporary reading research as well as some implied instructional practices in four areas, including direct teacher explanation, reading-writing connection, top-level text structure, and main idea identification. (ARH)

  16. College Reading Instruction: Past, Present and Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pauk, Walter

    Topics and practices related to college reading instruction are discussed. Reading is seen as a skill which permeates the entire process of study. Speed reading techniques such as increasing eye span, ceasing vocalizations, and reading vertically down the page are criticized as hampering rather than facilitating the comprehension process. The most…

  17. Learning Goals during Reading Comprehension Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schunk, Dale H.; Rice, Jo Mary

    A study investigated the effects of goal setting on children's self-efficacy and skillful performance during reading comprehension instruction. Subjects, 17 fourth graders and 16 fifth graders from one elementary school, had regularly received remedial reading comprehension instruction. Subjects were administered a pretest consisting of a…

  18. Functional Color Components Used in Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sassenrath, Julius M.; And Others

    1979-01-01

    A group of 190 third through sixth graders were given either 6, 16, or 26 months of reading instruction with functional color components (FCC) of parts of words. Another 160 children in the same schools did not recieve FCC instruction. FCC brought about improvement in reading scores. Nondisability children showed greater improvement. (Author)

  19. Reading Fluency Instruction for Students at Risk for Reading Failure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ring, Jeremiah J.; Barefoot, Lexie C.; Avrit, Karen J.; Brown, Sasha A.; Black, Jeffrey L.

    2013-01-01

    The important role of reading fluency in the comprehension and motivation of readers is well documented. Two reading rate intervention programs were compared in a cluster-randomized clinical trial of students who were considered at-risk for reading failure. One program focused instruction at the word level; the second program focused instruction…

  20. Practicing What We Know: Informed Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weaver, Constance, Ed.

    Offering 33 essays that represent the best in current reading instruction, this book offers detailed insight into key issues and topics in the teaching of reading, including phonics and word skills, reading strategies, miscue analysis, the use of literature, cultural and linguistic diversity, and the needs of special populations. After an…

  1. An Impress Method of Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gawarkiewicz, Patricia

    The effectiveness of the impress method of reading instruction, in which the student and teacher read aloud simultaneously, was studied. The subjects were 24 fourth and fifth grade students from a New Jersey school, whose reading level was a year or more below grade placement (indicated by scores on a standardized achievement test) and who…

  2. Scaffolding Instruction for Reading the Web

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murray, Denise E.; McPherson, Pam

    2006-01-01

    Research has found that text reading and Web reading, while sharing some similarities, require a different balance of strategies. Adult language learners, especially those with limited previous experience with the Web, may therefore need explicit, scaffolded instruction in order to read the Web. This article reports on teacher action research and…

  3. Project on Teaching Charts and Graphs to ABE Students. Part I: Teacher's Guide [and] Part II: Transparency Assembly Package.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Renton Vocational Inst., WA.

    The teacher's guide and collection of transparency masters are designed for use in teaching adult basic education (ABE) students how to read and interpret graphs and charts. Covered in the individual lessons of the instructional unit are the reading and interpretation of charts as well as picture, line, bar, and circle graphs. Each unit contains a…

  4. Children's Motivation for Reading: Domain Specificity and Instructional Influences.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wigfield, Allan; Guthrie, John T.; Tonks, Stephen; Perencevich, Kathleen C.

    2004-01-01

    The authors discuss the nature and domain specificity of reading motivation and present initial results that examined how 2 reading instructional programs, Concept Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI) and multiple Strategy Instruction (SI), influenced 3rd-grade children's intrinsic motivation to read and reading self-efficacy. Each reading program…

  5. Effects of Intensive Remedial Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slate, John; Algozzine, Bob; Lockavitch, Joseph F.

    1998-01-01

    Evaluates implementation of the "failure free" reading program. Adequate repetition, appropriate sentence structure, and meaningful story content are incorporated in directed instruction, talking software, and print materials. Improvements were noted in attitudes, curriculum-based performance, and standardized tests. (MMU)

  6. Grouping and Organizing for Instruction in Reading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ediger, Marlow

    Flexibility is a key term to emphasize when grouping students for instruction, since a student might be in a different group for one academic area as compared to another academic area. This paper describes grouping for different methods of reading instruction and other disciplines. The paper discusses the following: using basal readers, using…

  7. Individualizing Science Instruction: A Bibliography of Readings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wall, Charles A.

    This bibliography is an alphabetical listing of approximately 90 readings on individualizing science instruction. The following wide range of topics is included: audio-tutorial systems, computer-assisted instruction, programmed materials, independent study, audio-taped programs, teaching by contract, experimental projects, and measurement and…

  8. Effects of Instructional Method on Reading Comprehension.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dewalt, Mark; And Others

    The relationship between type of reading instruction (whole language or basal) and reading comprehension as measured by the California Achievement Test (CAT) was investigated. Nineteen third- and fourth-grade teachers from school 5 districts in North Carolina took part in the project with 215 students in the basal group and 200 students in the…

  9. Trimodal Reading Instruction with Disadvantaged Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gredler, Gilbert R.

    1979-01-01

    The study investigated the effectiveness of a programed reading unit for 13 second- and third-grade students (12 Black, 1 White) referred for reading problems. A criterion test was administered before and upon completion of the trimodal instructional program. Improvement in word recognition was significant. (Author/SBH)

  10. Intensive Reading Instruction in Juvenile Correctional Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Jacob L.; Wexler, Jade; Roberts, Greg; Carpenter, Clint

    2011-01-01

    Despite 60 years of evidence linking juvenile illiteracy and delinquency, practitioners and policymakers have been painfully slow in the implementation of evidence-based reading interventions for incarcerated juveniles. We will present the Texas Juvenile Justice Tiered Instructional Model, an evidence-based reading program model created…

  11. Promising Practices for Urban Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mason, Pamela A., Ed.; Schumm, Jeanne Shay, Ed.

    This collection of research-based articles is framed around the International Reading Association's 10 "literacy rights" of every child, outlining what children need to become competent readers and writers. Under Right 1--Children have a right to appropriate early reading instruction based on their individual needs--are the following articles:…

  12. "Success"ful Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George, Carol J.

    1986-01-01

    The Success in Reading and Writing Program at a K-2 school in Fort Jackson, South Carolina, teaches children of varied races and abilities to read and write using newspapers, dictionaries, library books, magazines, and telephone directories. These materials help students develop language skills in a failure-free atmosphere. Includes two…

  13. Data Based Instruction in Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ediger, Marlow

    2010-01-01

    Data based instruction has received much attention in educational literature. It relates well to measurement driven teaching and learning. Data may come from several sources including mandated tests, district wide testing, formative and summative evaluations, as well as teacher written tests. Objective information is intended for use in data based…

  14. Individualizing Reading Instruction: A Reader.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Larry A.; Smith, Carl B.

    The articles contained in this volume were selected to support and strengthen the concept of individualized instruction through diagnostic teaching. The book is divided into six major parts, each of which is preceded by a brief overview that emphasizes the main tenets advanced by the authors of the individual articles. The six major divisions of…

  15. Reading Instruction Affects the Cognitive Skills Supporting Early Reading Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGeown, Sarah P.; Johnston, Rhona S.; Medford, Emma

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the cognitive skills associated with early reading development when children were taught by different types of instruction. Seventy-nine children (mean age at pre-test 4;10 (0.22 S.D.) and post-test 5;03 (0.21 S.D.)) were taught to read either by an eclectic approach which included sight-word learning, guessing from context and…

  16. Teacher Effectiveness and Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, Richard D.

    Recognizing that classrooms are complex settings in which effective teaching cannot be the end result of merely following a list of rules and regulations, this monograph provides practicing reading teachers with appropriate information based on current teacher-effectiveness research so that they can be informed by the best of current thinking to…

  17. Instructional Approaches that Significantly Increase Reading Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Block, Cathy Collins; Parris, Sheri R.; Reed, Kelly L.; Whiteley, Cinnamon S.; Cleveland, Maggie D.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of the most widely used literacy instructional approaches on the reading comprehension of Grade 2-6 students. Participants (N = 660) were enrolled in 4 districts in the United States; 53% were male (n = 348) and 47% were female (n = 312); 51% were Caucasian (n = 338), 23% were African American…

  18. Issues and Technology Use in Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ediger, Marlow

    Technology has been making rapid strides since its inception in the school curriculum. In 1970, four kinds of software were available for use in reading instruction, although they were criticized for deficiencies. Throughout the 1980s, the number of schools having computers and sufficient software increased. Advantages in using computers in…

  19. THE DIRECT INSTRUCTION PROGRAM FOR TEACHING READING.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BRUNER, ELAINE C.

    UNTIL SUBSTANTIAL MASTERY HAS BEEN ACHIEVED BY THE SLOWER READERS, THE SUB-SKILLS TO LEARNING THE MECHANICS OF READING SHOULD BE MADE THE OBJECTIVES OF INSTRUCTION. FOCUSING ON WORDS, BLENDING, AND HANDLING IRREGULARS ARE THREE OF THE SUB-SKILLS NEEDED. TO TEACH THE CHILD TO FOCUS ON WORDS, THE TEACHER INTRODUCES VERBAL RHYMING AND ALLITERATION…

  20. Important Historical Events in Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ediger, Marlow

    This paper lists and dates important historical happenings related to reading instruction. John Locke (1632-1704) was an early advocate that school should be a pleasant place to learn. He believed in the "tabula rasa" theory whereby a student had a mind like a blank sheet with nothing printed initially. Starting from the conception that knowledge…

  1. Vocabulary Instruction in a Balanced Reading Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rupley, William H.; Logan, John W.; Nichols, William D.

    1999-01-01

    Explores the role of vocabulary in reading development and suggests some classroom-tested approaches for nurturing students' vocabulary development and interest. Discusses vocabulary growth, vocabulary and concept development, and active processing of vocabulary. Discusses applications and examples of active-process vocabulary instruction,…

  2. Balanced Reading Instruction: Teachers' Visions and Voices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johns, Jerry L., Ed.; Elish-Piper, Laurie, Ed.

    The 18 articles in this collection represent a view from the classroom regarding balanced reading instruction in the early stages of what is likely to become a widespread movement. The articles are intended to stimulate educators to reduce, or perhaps boldly eliminate, one-way thinking about methods, skills, grouping, and assessment. Articles in…

  3. Reading, Grade 5. TEAMS Instructional Strategies Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin.

    The Texas Educational Assessment of Minimum Skills (TEAMS) was developed by the Texas Education Agency (TEA), in response to Texas House Bill 72 (1984), which mandated a new basic skills assessment program for mathematics, reading, and writing at grades 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 and 11. This is one in a series of Instructional Strategies Guides designed to…

  4. Reading, Grade 9. TEAMS Instructional Strategies Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin.

    The Texas Educational Assessment of Minimum Skills (TEAMS) was developed by the Texas Education Agency (TEA), in response to Texas House Bill 72 (1984), which mandated a new basic skills assessment program for mathematics, reading, and writing at grades 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 and 11. This is one in a series of Instructional Strategies Guides designed to…

  5. Reading, Grade 7. TEAMS Instructional Strategies Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin.

    The Texas Educational Assessment of Minimum Skills (TEAMS) was developed by the Texas Education Agency (TEA), in response to Texas House Bill 72 (1984), which mandated a new basic skills assessment program for mathematics, reading, and writing at grades 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 and 11. This is one in a series of Instructional Strategies Guides designed to…

  6. The Relationship of Print Reading in Tier I Instruction and Reading Achievement for Kindergarten Students at Risk of Reading Difficulties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wanzek, Jeanne; Roberts, Greg; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Kent, Shawn C.

    2014-01-01

    For many students at risk of reading difficulties, effective, early reading instruction can improve reading outcomes and set them on a positive reading trajectory. Thus, response-to-intervention models include a focus on a student's Tier I reading instruction as one element for preventing reading difficulties and identifying students with a…

  7. Effect of Instructions on Curriculum-Based Measurement of Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colon, Elayne Proesel; Kranzler, John H.

    2006-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of instructions of curriculum-based measurement (CBM) of reading on (a) the number of words read correctly and incorrectly per minute and (b) the relationship between CBM reading and reading achievement. Results indicated that the specific instructions used have a significant impact on CBM…

  8. Integrating Writing and Reading Instruction. Occasional Paper No. 118.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raphael, Taffy E.; Englert, Carol Sue

    Although writing and reading instruction can be integrated regardless of the reading program materials used, teachers need a greater understanding of the similarities and differences in reading and writing processes, as well as knowledge of ways in which instruction can be merged, before integration can take place. Both reading and writing are…

  9. Children's Literature for Reading Strategy Instruction: Innovation or Interference?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Patricia M.

    2009-01-01

    This article explores how reading strategy instruction that targets children's literature can unwittingly interfere with the development of a reading life. It compares the use of story-based children's literature for reading strategy instruction with the "untaught" story. It asks: What, if any, role does a read aloud that is unfettered by formal…

  10. Reading Instruction and Music Education: Getting in Tune.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frager, Alan M.; Thompson, Loren C.

    1983-01-01

    Presents five content area reading strategies for teaching music, theory, history, and performance techiques: anticipation guides, study guides, planned inferential reading lessons, recreational reading, and vocabulary instruction.(FL)

  11. Does Johnny's Reading Teacher Love to Read? How Teachers' Personal Reading Habits Affect Instructional Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKool, Sharon S.; Gespass, Suzanne

    2009-01-01

    This article investigates the relationship between teachers' personal reading habits and their instructional practices. Teachers responded to a questionnaire that revealed their attitudes toward reading, the amount of time they spent reading per day and the kind of literacy practices that they used in their classrooms. Results indicate: (1) while…

  12. The Impact of Environmental Print Instruction on Early Reading Ability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuby, Patricia; Aldridge, Jerry

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to ascertain if there were any significant differences in the ability to read logos and to make the transition to reading logos in manuscript forms of kindergarten children who received direct instruction with environmental print, those who received indirect instruction, and those who received no instruction with…

  13. Performance determined instruction for training in remedial reading.

    PubMed

    Gray, B B; Baker, R D; Stancyk, S E

    1969-01-01

    A system called Performance Determined Instruction (PDI) is presented as a methodological tactic for training in remedial reading. The system incorporates aspects of binary logic, instrumental conditioning, and programmed instruction. Results suggest that PDI is a high-precision instructional procedure effective in obtaining desired changes in reading-task performance.

  14. Professional Values from Reading: The Influence of Reading on the Instructional Methodology of Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shirley, Fehl L.

    The purposes of this study were to discover whether teachers can report the ways in which books, stories, poems, or articles have changed their concepts, attitudes, or behavior in relation to reading instruction, to learn the kinds of reading materials which have influenced their reading instruction, and to ascertain the instructional areas which…

  15. CORI: Explicit Reading Instruction to Enhance Informational Text Comprehension and Reading Engagement for Thai EFL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vongkrachang, Salila; Chinwonno, Apasara

    2015-01-01

    The study aimed to examine the effect of explicit reading instruction as an approach to Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI) framework on EFL students' informational text comprehension and engagement. The explicit reading instruction was implemented with 39 first-year Thai undergraduate students over a 10-week period. It was found that the…

  16. Increasing Reading Comprehension and Engagement through Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guthrie, John T.; Wigfield, Allan; Barbosa, Pedro; Perencevich, Kathleen C.; Taboada, Ana; Davis, Marcia H.; Scafiddi, Nicole T.; Tonks, Stephen

    2004-01-01

    Based on an engagement perspective of reading development, we investigated the extent to which an instructional framework of combining motivation support and strategy instruction (Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction--CORI) influenced reading outcomes for third-grade children. In CORI, five motivational practices were integrated with six cognitive…

  17. Transforming Reading Comprehension Instruction through Student Conferencing and Teacher Journaling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Costello, David

    2014-01-01

    When I was asked to teach the entire literacy curriculum to my grade six students in only five months, I implemented reading conferences as an instructional practice to deepen students' reading comprehension. Classroom events related to reading conferences, student decision-making, and instructional planning were recorded in a journal. This…

  18. Effective Classroom Instruction: Implications of Child Characteristics by Reading Instruction Interactions on First Graders' Word Reading Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connor, Carol McDonald; Morrison, Frederick J.; Schatschneider, Christopher; Toste, Jessica R.; Lundblom, Erin; Crowe, Elizabeth C.; Fishman, Barry

    2011-01-01

    Too many children fail to learn how to read proficiently with serious consequences for their overall well-being and long-term success in school. This may be because providing effective instruction is more complex than many of the current models of reading instruction portray; there are Child Characteristic x Instruction (CXI) interactions. Here we…

  19. Academic Responding during Instruction and Reading Outcomes for Kindergarten Students At-Risk for Reading Difficulties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wanzek, Jeanne; Roberts, Greg; Al Otaiba, Stephanie

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the academic responding of students at-risk for reading difficulties in beginning reading instruction. Opportunities for kindergarten students at-risk for reading difficulties to respond academically during teacher-facilitated reading instruction in the general education classroom were examined in…

  20. Guided Reading: A Research-Based Response to the Challenges of Early Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iaquinta, Anita

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this article was to illuminate for early childhood teacher practitioners how guided reading, as a research-based approach to reading instruction, could address the challenges of early reading instruction. The early years are the focus for the prevention of reading difficulties and research conducted over the past two decades has…

  1. Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction: An Integrated Curriculum To Develop Motivations and Strategies for Reading. Reading Research Report No. 10.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guthrie, John T.; And Others

    A project designed and implemented a framework of conceptually oriented reading instruction to foster students' amount and breadth of reading, intrinsic motivations for reading, and strategies of search and comprehension. The framework emphasizes five phases of reading instruction in a content domain: observing and personalizing, searching and…

  2. Help with Teaching Reading Comprehension: Comprehension Instructional Frameworks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liang, Lauren Aimonette; Dole, Janice A.

    2006-01-01

    This article presents five instructional frameworks demonstrated by research as being effective in teaching reading comprehension: (1) The Scaffolded Reading Experience (SRE); (2) Questioning the Author (QtA); (3) Collaborative Strategic Reading (CSR); (4) Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS); and (5) Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction…

  3. Problem Solving with Guided Repeated Oral Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conderman, Greg; Strobel, Debra

    2006-01-01

    Many students with disabilities require specialized instructional interventions and frequent progress monitoring in reading. The guided repeated oral reading technique promotes oral reading fluency while providing a reliable data-based monitoring system. This article emphasizes the importance of problem-solving when using this reading approach.

  4. Evidence-Based Reading Instruction: Putting the National Reading Panel Report into Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Reading Association, Newark, DE.

    This collection of articles from "The Reading Teacher" provides examples of the instructional practices which improve reading achievement, according to Reading First legislation. Each section offers a summary and discussion of the National Reading Panel Report findings, and presents several articles from "The Reading Teacher" that provide concrete…

  5. Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI). What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2010

    2010-01-01

    "Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction" is a reading comprehension instructional program for grades 3-9 that integrates reading and science through activities and the use of science books during reading instruction. The program supplements a school's standard science and reading curricula and offers instruction in reading strategies, scientific…

  6. Learning to Read through the Arts: Instructional Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Institutes for Research in the Behavioral Sciences, Washington, DC.

    This instructional handbook describes a program in which children are taught reading in relation to artistic media. It describes the staff, training, and a typical schedule. Program activities include reading workshops on vocabulary instruction, comprehension, and study skills; art workshops on crafts, puppetry, super 8 film, mixed media,…

  7. Characterizing Teacher Feedback to Student Miscues During Oral Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffman, James V.; Baker, Christopher J.

    Noting that the verbal interactions that transpire between teacher and student in the classroom setting are central to the instructional process, this paper offers reading teachers a systematic means of examining their own interactive patterns in the context of oral reading instruction. In addition, it provides teachers with a way of inspecting…

  8. Joseph Lancaster and the History of Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ediger, Marlow

    Examining the origin and accomplishments of the Lancastrian monitorial system of instruction, this paper discusses the influence of that system on American education. It gives a brief history of how Joseph Lancaster became involved in reading instruction and how he was a pioneer in emphasizing a reading curriculum that was written down. It then…

  9. American Reading Instruction: Pre-Revolutionary Religious Influences.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reutzel, Douglas Ray

    To provide some understanding of current reading methodology, this paper traces the history of reading instruction from ancient times to pre-Revolutionary America and examines the influences exerted upon that instruction by religion. The major portion of the paper discusses the cultures, religions, and educational systems of ancient Egypt;…

  10. Observing Reading Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities: A Synthesis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, Elizabeth A.

    2008-01-01

    This article synthesizes previous research studies examining reading instruction for students with learning disabilities (LD) through classroom observation methods. An extensive search of the research literature between 1980 and 2005 yielded 21 observation studies. Findings revealed that reading instruction for students with LD is generally of low…

  11. Children's Literature and Reading Instruction: Past, Present, and Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martinez, Miriam G.; McGee, Lea M.

    2000-01-01

    Examines the historical, political, and research roots which have shifted reading instruction from being basal dominated to more literature driven. Argues the future of children's literature in reading instruction depends on exploiting the potential of online and electronic texts, fine-tuning genres of literature, and constructing theories of why…

  12. Children's Oral Narrative and Reading Skills in the First 3 Years of Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reese, Elaine; Suggate, Sebastian; Long, Jennifer; Schaughency, Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    This research investigated the link between oral narrative and reading skills in the first 3 years of reading instruction. Study 1 consisted of 61 children (M = 6:1 years) who had experienced 1 year of reading instruction on average. Children's story retelling was scored for memory and narrative quality. The quality of children's narratives…

  13. Contributions of Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction to Knowledge about Interventions for Motivations in Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guthrie, John T.; McRae, Angela; Klauda, Susan Lutz

    2007-01-01

    We present a theoretical and empirical explication of the intervention of Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI) that is designed to increase students' reading comprehension and motivation for reading. The framework specifies a set of five motivational constructs that represent goals for the instructional intervention. Necessary cognitive…

  14. Instruction, Student Engagement, and Reading Skill Growth in Reading First Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connor, Carol McDonald; Jakobsons, Lara J.; Crowe, Elizabeth C.; Meadows, Jane Granger

    2009-01-01

    This study explored first-, second-, and third-grade reading instruction and students' (n = 1,586) reading skill growth in Florida Reading First (RF) classrooms (n = 95). The goal of RF is to improve students' literacy outcomes through the use of research-based instruction, assessment, teacher training, and program evaluation. Whereas survey data…

  15. L2 Reading Perceptions of Learners of Japanese: The Influence of the Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tabata-Sandom, Mitsue

    2015-01-01

    The nature of learning to read in a second and foreign language (L2) can be more challenging when compared to learning other subjects. Therefore, the influence of instruction given in L2 classrooms cannot be underestimated. A balanced instruction needs to be taken in order to develop learners' reading proficiency and their motivation to read. This…

  16. Beyond Direct Explanation: Transactional Instruction of Reading Comprehension Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pressley, Michael; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Describes transactional strategies instruction, an approach to teaching reading comprehension in elementary classes that focuses on student and teacher transactions with text. Contends that the approach differs from traditional strategy instruction. Provides examples of transactional strategies instruction, including dialogs between teachers and…

  17. Systematic Instruction in Reading for Spanish-Speaking Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duran, Elva; Shefelbine, John; Carnine, Linda; Maldonado-Colon, Elba; Gunn, Barbara

    This book addresses the area of reading and literacy instruction for Spanish-speaking students. Ten chapters focus on the following: (1) "Direct Instruction" (Elva Duran and Douglas Carnine); (2) "Developing the Foundations of Literacy: Oracy" (Elba Maldonado-Colon); (3) "Language Development and Instruction" (Linda Carnine); (4) "Academic…

  18. Beginning Reading Instruction: Components and Features of a Research-Based Reading Program. 2000 Revised Edition. Texas Reading Initiative.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin.

    The Texas Reading Initiative began in 1996 in response to Governor George W. Bush's challenge to all Texans to focus on the most basic of educational goals--teaching all children to read. This booklet describes important aspects of effective reading instruction, as well as elements of classroom and campus support for effective instruction. The…

  19. Do Boys Need Different Remedial Reading Instruction from Girls?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Limbrick, Lisa; Wheldall, Kevin; Madelaine, Alison

    2012-01-01

    Recent inquiries into the underachievement of boys in reading have called into question whether they require different forms of reading instruction from girls. A number of reading programs and initiatives have been developed to address this issue, including programs based on increasing boys' motivation, improving behaviour, embracing the use of…

  20. The Sixth Pillar of Reading Instruction: Knowledge Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cervetti, Gina N.; Hiebert, Elfrieda H.

    2015-01-01

    The National Reading Panel (NRP) identified five pillars, or essential components, of reading instruction that lead to the highest chance of reading success--phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension. A decade after the NRP's report, the majority of US states adopted the Common Core State Standards/English Language Arts…

  1. Reading Attitudes and Instructional Methodology: How Might Achievement Become Affected?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Michael S.; Wilson, Janell D.

    2006-01-01

    This article is a review of the literature related to the reading attitudes and the instructional methods of teaching reading. The article provides a synthesis of previous studies on the reading attitudes of elementary school students in the United States and also addresses a brief review of literature on historic and traditional methods of…

  2. Parents Using Explicit Reading Instruction with Their Children At-Risk for Reading Difficulties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McConnell, Bethany M.; Kubina, Rick

    2016-01-01

    Kindergarten students at-risk for reading difficulties were selected for participation in a parent implemented reading program. Each parent provided instruction to his or her child using the reading program "Teach Your Child to Read in 100 Easy Lessons" ("TYCTR"; Engelmann, Haddox, & Bruner, 1983). Parents were expected to…

  3. The Effect of Spanish Classroom Reading Instruction on Pronunciation Ability during the First Week of Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guymon, Ronald E.

    An innovative classroom-based approach to reading instruction in the context of Spanish instruction was proposed. The effects of this instruction on the pronunciation ability of students were analyzed. The subjects were 30 adult missionary trainees who had no previous exposure to Spanish. The dependent variable was measured using two instruments.…

  4. The Relationship between Strategic Reading Instruction, Student Learning of L2-Based Reading Strategies and L2 Reading Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akkakoson, Songyut

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the relationship between strategic reading instruction, the process of learning second language-based reading strategies and English reading achievement for Thai university students of science and technology. In a course in reading general English texts for 16?weeks, 82 students were taught using a strategies-based approach…

  5. Grouping for reading instruction: does one size fit all?

    PubMed

    Schumm, J S; Moody, S W; Vaughn, S

    2000-01-01

    Twenty-nine third-grade teachers and selected students from their classes participated. Study 1 used teacher interviews and classroom observations to examine teachers' perceptions and practices for grouping for reading instruction; Study 2 examined the impact of these grouping practices on the academic progress, social progress, and attitudes about reading of students representing a range of achievement levels, including students with learning disabilities. Results indicated that, overall, teachers used whole class instruction for reading and the same materials for all students, including students with learning disabilities. Students with learning disabilities made little academic progress and their attitudes about reading did not improve over time. PMID:15495549

  6. Explicit Reading Comprehension Instruction in Elementary Classrooms: Teacher Use of Reading Comprehension Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ness, Molly

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this observational study was to identify the frequency of reading comprehension instruction in elementary classrooms. Additional objectives were to determine which reading comprehension instructional strategies were most employed by teachers in elementary classrooms. In 3,000 minutes of direct classroom observation in 20 first-…

  7. An Experimental Analysis of the Effects of Reading Interventions in a Small Group Reading Instruction Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonfiglio, Christine M.; Daly, Edward J., III; Persampieri, Michael; Andersen, Melissa

    2006-01-01

    The current study examined the effects of several combinations of instructional and motivational interventions on oral reading fluency in the context of small group reading instruction. A treatment package consisting of acquisition, fluency, and motivational components was examined and then dismantled. Results were evaluated individually for each…

  8. Linking Music Learning to Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, Dee; Bernstorf, Elaine

    2002-01-01

    Focuses on the connections between music reading and text reading to explore the influences of music education on children's reading skills. Addresses topics, such as phonological and phonemic awareness, sight identification, orthographic awareness, and fluency. Discusses research that addresses the influence of music on reading. (CMK)

  9. Rethinking Strategy Instruction: Direct Reading Strategy Instruction versus Computer-Based Guided Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lenhard, Wolfgang; Baier, Herbert; Endlich, Darius; Schneider, Wolfgang; Hoffmann, Joachim

    2013-01-01

    There are many established reading strategy training programmes, which explicitly teach strategic and meta-cognitive knowledge to improve reading comprehension. Although instruction in strategy knowledge leads to improvements in meta-cognitive skills, the effects do not always transfer to reading comprehension. Therefore, to investigate…

  10. Effectiveness of Guided Co-Construction versus Direct Instruction for Beginning Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snel, M. J.; Terwel, J.; Aarnoutse, C. A. J.; van Leeuwe, J. F. J.

    2012-01-01

    In a field experiment with 178 first-grade pupils, the effects of an experimental beginning reading programme were investigated. Both an experimental and a control group worked with the most frequently used Dutch beginning reading programme, "Learning to Read Safely." The instructional approach implemented in the experimental group was guided…

  11. Effective Reading and Writing Instruction: A Focus on Modeling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Regan, Kelley; Berkeley, Sheri

    2012-01-01

    When providing effective reading and writing instruction, teachers need to provide explicit modeling. Modeling is particularly important when teaching students to use cognitive learning strategies. Examples of how teachers can provide specific, explicit, and flexible instructional modeling is presented in the context of two evidence-based…

  12. Factors Affecting the Successful Reading of Technical Instructions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mohammed, Mowafak A. H.; Swales, John M.

    1984-01-01

    Describes a study of the ability of English as a second language students to read technical instructions. The students were asked to set a digital alarm clock using the manufacturer's instructions. The results indicate that a science background is a greater facilitator of efficient completion than very good knowledge of English. (SED)

  13. Vocabulary Instruction in Commonly Used Kindergarten Core Reading Curricula

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Tanya S.; Neuman, Susan B.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which commonly used core reading curricular materials supported research-based pedagogical features for oral vocabulary instruction in kindergarten. A document analysis was completed for 12 weeks of instructional materials from the teacher's editions of the 4 most widely used curricula.…

  14. Reading Fluency Instruction with Students Who Have Physical Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heller, Kathryn Wolff; Rupert, Jenny Hayes; Coleman-Martin, Mari Beth; Mezei, Peter J.; Calhoon, Mary Beth

    2007-01-01

    Although fluency instruction is an essential part of teaching reading, there is limited information on providing this type of instruction with students who have physical disabilities. This article examines three case studies across two students, one with cerebral palsy and the other with both arthrogryposis and spina bifida. In the first study,…

  15. Personalizing Reading Instruction: A Systems Model for Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Casteel, Carolyn P.; Johnson, Lowell E.

    1989-01-01

    Discussion of personalized instruction focuses on reading education and presents a systems model for teachers called a Teacher System for Personalized Instruction (TSPI). Topics discussed include diagnosing the needs of the learner; self-paced learning; motivation; achievement; mastery learning; evaluation plan; and cognitive, affective,…

  16. "Theoretical Inclinations": How One Teacher's Beliefs Influenced Reading Comprehension Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaback, Susanne

    2006-01-01

    This article examines the year-long experience of one fourth grade teacher, Anne, as she learned about comprehension strategy instruction and attempted to integrate the approach in her reading program. The goal of the study was to extend current understanding of the factors that support or inhibit an individual teacher's instructional decision…

  17. Instructional Technology and Reading: Progress, Problems, and Promise.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Nila Banton

    As the invention of the wheel played a large role in the technological advancement of transportation, so many new teaching devices have played an important role in the technological advancement of reading instruction. Though the spread of technology was initially slow, it now offers many instructional aids (e.g., tapes, records, television,…

  18. Instructional Enhancements to Improve Students' Reading Abilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stoller, Fredricka L.; Anderson, Neil J.; Grabe, William; Komiyama, Reiko

    2013-01-01

    This article offers five instructional enhancements that help students become better readers. These classroom practices coincide with five key elements of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) reading instruction: "extensive practice and exposure to print," "commitment to building student motivation," "attention to reading…

  19. EFL Reading Instruction: Communicative Task-Based Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sidek, Harison Mohd

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the overarching framework of EFL (English as a Foreign Language) reading instructional approach reflected in an EFL secondary school curriculum in Malaysia. Based on such analysis, a comparison was made if Communicative Task-Based Language is the overarching instructional approach for the Malaysian EFL…

  20. Reading Instruction in Science for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaldenberg, Erica R.; Watt, Sarah J.; Therrien, William J.

    2015-01-01

    As a growing number of students with learning disabilities (LD) receive science instruction in general education settings, students with LD continue to perform significantly lower than their non-disabled peers. The shift from textbook-driven instruction to inquiry-based approaches to science learning supports students who struggle with reading.…

  1. CLASSROOM ORGANIZATION FOR READING INSTRUCTION--AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    SPACHE, GEORGE D.

    THIS ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY ON CLASSROOM ORGANIZATION FOR READING INSTRUCTION IS COMPOSED OF 112 CITATIONS RANGING IN DATE FROM 1948 TO 1964. ITS DIVISIONS INCLUDE GENERAL SOURCES, GROUP DYNAMICS, HOMOGENEOUS VERSUS HETEROGENEOUS, CROSS-CLASS GROUPING, NONGRADED SCHOOLS AND THE UPGRADED PRIMARY, PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION, TEAM TEACHING AND EDUCATIONAL…

  2. Reading instruction in science: Teachers' practices, beliefs, & self-efficacy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morales, Christina M.

    The Common Core State Standards (CCSS, 2010) and the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS, 2013) call on science teachers to play a stronger role in helping students learn from informational science texts. Curriculum implementation efforts aimed at addressing these new standards should build on what teachers are already doing to help students with reading in their classrooms and the pedagogical issues that they feel are important to science learning. However, few current studies have gathered these important insights from science teachers. Aiming to fill this gap in the literature, this study attempted to describe middle school science teachers' current practices, beliefs, and self-efficacy regarding reading and reading instruction in their classrooms. A conceptual model hypothesizing that self-efficacy mediates the relationship between teachers' beliefs about how important reading instruction is to science learning and how often they provide reading instruction in their science classes was also tested. Participants (N = 247) reported that students regularly engaged in reading-related tasks in science class. Somer's D correlation analyses highlighted positive associations between the frequency with which teachers reported that students engaged in various reading-related tasks and the frequency with which they reported providing reading instruction for those tasks, suggesting that students tended to receive explicit instruction or coaching for the reading-related tasks they engaged in most often. Middle school science teachers also expressed positive beliefs about the importance of reading-related tasks and explicit instruction or coaching for reading in science and tended to take on responsibility for helping students become better readers of science texts. Last, a path analysis confirmed that the association between teachers' beliefs and practices was mediated through teachers' self-efficacy (beta = .07, p < .001). This suggests that self-efficacy can influence

  3. Reading Research Anthology: The Why? of Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Consortium on Reading Excellence, Inc., Emeryville, CA.

    This collection of articles provides background information about reading and includes the research base that has defined best practices in teaching reading. Section 1 of the collection, "The Big Picture," contains the following articles: "Reading the Right Way" (Bill Honig); "Statement of Dr. G. Reid Lyon, April 28, 1998"; "Romance and Reality"…

  4. The Development of a Teacher Observation Instrument for Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quirk, Thomas J.; And Others

    This report describes the observer's manual and the corresponding trainer's manual for the classroom observation instrument which was designed to code the behavior of the teacher during reading instruction. The "Reading: Teacher Observation Scale (TOS)" has been designed to be used with a corresponding observation instrument which focuses on the…

  5. College and Precollege Reading Instruction: What Are the Real Differences?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bohr, Louise

    1996-01-01

    Presents the shared, exclusive and modified components of college and precollege (elementary and secondary classroom) reading instruction in order to facilitate in-service and preparation for college reading instructors. Presents the reasons for differences and exclusive components after discussing shared components. Reveals components of…

  6. Vocabulary Development during Read-Alouds: Examining the Instructional Sequence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kindle, Karen J.

    2010-01-01

    Reading aloud to children is a recommended practice in early childhood and primary-grade classrooms that is purported to enhance vocabulary growth. General guidelines can be found in the literature, but practitioners often rely on conventional wisdom and their own instincts to embed vocabulary instruction into their read-alouds. This paper…

  7. Elementary School Children Reading Scientific Texts: Effects of Metacognitive Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michalsky, Tova; Mevarech, Zemira R.; Haibi, Liora

    2009-01-01

    The authors investigated effects of metacognitive instruction at different phases of reading scientific texts on elementary school students' scientific literacy and metacognitive awareness. In all, 108 Israeli 4th-grade students in 4 science classrooms read the same scientific texts and completed the same scientific tasks. From them, 3 treatment…

  8. Content Area Reading and Learning: Instructional Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lapp, Diane; And Others

    This book offers strategies to help educators become increasingly effective in teaching various areas in content area reading and learning. The book includes the following chapters: "Content Area Reading: A Historical Perspective" (E. Dishner and M. Olson); "Content Area Reading: Current State of the Art" (T. Bean and J. Readence); "The Role of…

  9. Reading Instruction for College Level Foreign Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plaister, Ted

    1968-01-01

    A description of the English Language Institute reading courses at the University of Hawaii is presented. A reading test, given to all non-native speakers of English applying to the University, yields scores on vocabulary, comprehension, speed, and total reading ability. On the basis of these scores, students are (1) classified as exempt, more or…

  10. The Great Debate in Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ediger, Marlow

    2012-01-01

    The reading curriculum receives more attention than any other academic discipline. It is true that individuals engage in much reading in school subjects such as word problems in mathematics as well as reading numerals and symbols, science content in doing experiments and demonstrations, social studies with its emphasis upon diverse social science…

  11. News Book in Reading Instruction: Series I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Sandra M., Ed.

    The "Right to Read" goal set by James E. Allen, Jr., former United States Commissioner of Education, is evaluated through a series of interviews with 25 leading authorities in reading. Allen's address is included in its entirety. The comments of the reading authorities, who often disagree among themselves, reflect the impact that the "Right to…

  12. Reading with Vocabulary Intervention: Evaluation of an Instruction for Children with Poor Response to Reading Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duff, Fiona J.; Fieldsend, Elizabeth; Bowyer-Crane, Claudine; Hulme, Charles; Smith, Glynnis; Gibbs, Simon; Snowling, Margaret J.

    2008-01-01

    Interventions combining phonically based reading instruction with phonological training are generally effective for children with reading (decoding) difficulties. However, a minority of children respond poorly to such interventions. This study explored the characteristics of children who showed poor response to reading intervention and aimed to…

  13. An Interactive, Instructor-Supported Reading Approach vs. Traditional Reading Instruction in Spanish

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gladwin, Ransom F., IV; Stepp-Greany, Jonita

    2008-01-01

    This study analyzes the effects of the Interactive Reading with Instructor Support (IRIS) model on reading comprehension, as compared to a traditional (direct-teaching/lecture format) instructional model. The IRIS model combines reading strategies and social mediation together in the Spanish as a second language environment. In the IRIS model,…

  14. Reading Electronic and Printed Books with and without Adult Instruction: Effects on Emergent Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Segal-Drori, Ora; Korat, Ofra; Shamir, Adina; Klein, Pnina S.

    2010-01-01

    The effects of electronic book (e-book) and printed book reading on children's emergent reading with and without adult instruction were investigated. One hundred twenty-eight 5- to 6-year-old kindergarten children from low SES families were randomly assigned to one of four groups (32 children each): (1) independently reading the e-book (EB); (2)…

  15. Reading and Social Imagination: What Relationally Oriented Reading Instruction Can Do for Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lysaker, Judith T.; Tonge, Clare; Gauson, Darren; Miller, Angela

    2011-01-01

    Twenty-two second and third grade children experiencing difficulties with social relationships and reading comprehension participated in small group Relationally Oriented Reading Instruction for eight weeks. Developmental and literacy assessments done before and after the reading intervention showed statistically significant improvements in the…

  16. Integrated Reading and Language Arts Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevens, Robert J.

    2006-01-01

    The goal of the middle school organization is to create a learning environment that matches the developmental abilities and needs of young adolescents. This research attempts to operationalize that goal by integrating reading and English classes in large urban middle schools. The Student Team Reading and Writing (STRW) program reconfigured…

  17. Miscue Analysis: Applications to Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Kenneth S., Ed.

    This book is a series of essays on the subject of miscue analysis, a diagnostic procedure rooted in the psycholinguistic view of reading. The focus of miscue analysis is on the broad field of reading comprehension rather than the isolated decoding of individual words and letters. The contents of this book include: "Introduction" by Sister Rosemary…

  18. Factoring AAVE into Reading Assessment and Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wheeler, Rebecca; Cartwright, Kelly B.; Swords, Rachel

    2012-01-01

    In our increasingly diverse schools, students bring diverse ways of speaking to the classroom. In turn, as features from students' home language varieties transfer into their readings of texts, teachers' assessment and intervention plans may be directly affected. If teachers conflate dialect influence with reading error in Standard English, they…

  19. Individualizing Student Literacy Instruction: Implications of Child Characteristics by Instruction Interactions on Students' Reading Skill Growth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connor, Carol McDonald; Morrison, Frederick J.; Fishman, Barry; Schatschneider, Christopher; Underwood, Phyllis; Crowe, Elizabeth

    2009-01-01

    Many children fail to reach proficient levels in reading only because they do not receive the amount and type of instruction they need (Foorman, Francis, Fletcher, Schatschneider, & Mehta, 1998; Morrison, Bachman, & Connor, 2005 2005; Vellutino, Scanlon, Sipay, Small, Pratt, Chen, & Denckla, 1996). However, providing effective instruction may be…

  20. Some Thoughts on Systematic Reading Readiness Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palardy, J. Michael

    1984-01-01

    Examines four specific areas of reading readiness--visual discrimination, visual memory, auditory discrimination, and auditory comprehension--and reviews teaching strategies in each of the four areas. (FL)

  1. Reading Suggestions on 1945 for Classroom Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Critchfield, James W.

    1970-01-01

    Readings are organized for teachers by these topics: World War II; The Atomic Bomb; The Cold War; American Political Personalities; and, General Events in the United States. A 7-item list is presented for high school students. (DB)

  2. Comprehensive Reading Instruction across the Grade Levels: A Collection of Papers from the Reading Research 2001 Conference.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roller, Cathy M., Ed.

    This collection of 9 papers from the International Reading Association's Reading Research 2001 Conference (RR2001) addresses comprehensive reading instruction across the grade levels. The introduction, "How Will We Develop the Concept of Comprehensive Reading Instruction Across Grade Levels?," notes that five quandaries arose in the discussion of…

  3. Connecting Spelling Instruction to Reading and Writing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yellin, David

    Spelling practices, processes, and implications can be analyzed in terms of three conceptual models: the bottom up, the top down, and the interactive compensatory model. Spelling instruction from post-colonial America into the 20th century reveals a preoccupation with the bottom up philosophy, which emphasized rules, word lists, and rote…

  4. Reading Engagement: Motivating Readers through Integrated Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guthrie, John T., Ed.; Wigfield, Allan, Ed.

    Drawing on the professional literature of many fields, this book provides an interpretation of the available research on motivation and describes instructional approaches in classroom contexts. The book aims to help teacher educators, researchers, and graduate students understand the research literature in motivation and use in their efforts to…

  5. Within-Year Changes in Chinese Secondary School Students' Perceived Reading Instruction and Intrinsic Reading Motivation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lau, Kit-ling

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed to expand on existing research about motivational change by investigating within-year changes of adolescents' intrinsic reading motivation and perceived reading instruction among students from different grades and achievement levels. Six hundred and ninety five students from 10 secondary schools in Hong Kong voluntarily completed…

  6. Evaluation of Reading Skills in the Wisconsin Prototypic System of Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Joseph M.; Knight, Diana

    A system designed to provide a framework for the individualization of reading instruction is discussed. The heart of the system is a mastery checklist of reading skills for each child which provides teachers with a means for discovering the specific skill needs of their students. Initially, the system depended upon individual assessment exercises…

  7. Imagery: A Neglected Correlate of Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fillmer, H. T.; Parkay, Forrest W.

    Imagery has a significant role in cognitive development. Reading research has established the fact that good readers image spontaneously and that there is a high interrelationship between overall preference for a story, the amount of text-related imagery in the story, comprehension, and recall. Imagery researchers agree that everyone is capable of…

  8. Programmed Instruction CAN Teach Children To Read

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ide, Edward A.

    1974-01-01

    The great hope for permanent change in the below-norms reading performance of children lies in accomplishing the task of bringing first graders above national norms and holding them there as they move up the grades. Some form of programed learning can accomplish these goals. (Author)

  9. Improving Reading Comprehension through Explicit Summarization Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elledge, Deborah Harding

    2013-01-01

    Research over the last several decades has revealed that adolescents in the United States are leaving school with insufficient literacy skills to compete in the global marketplace. A primary contributor to poor literacy rates is poor reading comprehension. The purpose of this research was to develop and test the efficacy of a protocol for teaching…

  10. The Validity of the Instructional Reading Level.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, William R.

    Presented is a critical inquiry about the product of the informal reading inventory (IRI) and about some of the elements used in the process of determining that product. Recent developments on this topic are briefly reviewed. Questions are raised concerning what is a suitable criterion level for word recognition. The original criterion of 95…

  11. In-Service Training Model for TESOL/ABE Teacher-Aides. Vol. 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southwestern Cooperative Educational Lab., Albuquerque, NM.

    This document contains discussion of each of the 10 objectives of the inservice program to prepare teachers and aides for the TESOL/ABE (Teaching English as a Second Language/Adult Basic Education) class. The objectives are to instruct participants in 1) the component parts of an ABE/TESOL class; 2) construction and design of visual aides such as…

  12. Early Career Teachers' Self-Efficacy for Balanced Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hastings, Petra

    2012-01-01

    According to Bandura (1986; 1997), perceptions of efficacy are based on four sources: enactive attainment; vicarious experience; physiological and emotional states; and verbal persuasion. The factors affecting Early Career Teachers' self-efficacy for reading instruction are closely related to these four sources. It is not difficult to imagine an…

  13. When Readers Ask Questions: Inquiry-Based Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ness, Molly

    2016-01-01

    When literacy instruction is driven by student-generated questions, students are able to dive deeper into text. This article explores the cognitive and motivational benefits of question generation to foster reading comprehension. The author presents classroom vignettes where students become inquisitive readers by posing their own questions. As…

  14. Innovative Approaches to Reading & Writing Instruction. Anthology #46

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poedjosoedarmo, Gloria, Ed.

    2005-01-01

    The 18 papers in this anthology have been grouped into four sections, arranged partially by topic. These papers have been selected to represent the ideas and views put forward at the 2004 RELC International Seminar on "Innovative Approaches to Reading & Writing Instruction" held April 19-21, 2004. Of the 18 papers contained in this volume, some…

  15. Monitoring Reading Comprehension by Thinking Aloud. Instructional Resource No. 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baumann, James F.; And Others

    A think-aloud instructional program was developed to help students acquire the ability to monitor their reading comprehension and to employ various strategies to deal with comprehension breakdowns. Several research studies indicate that comprehension monitoring abilities discriminate successful readers from less successful ones and that…

  16. Flexibles Grouping, Explicit Reading Instruction in Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dubé, France; Dorval, Catherine; Bessette, Lyne

    2013-01-01

    The objective of this collaborative research is to evaluate the impact of a pedagogical intervention that combines flexible grouping and explicit instruction of reading comprehension strategies. The development of competencies is spread over a two years interval. However, despite this quite long implementation period, several Quebec students still…

  17. Cognitive and Metacognitive Reading Strategies Revisited: Implications for Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence, Lisa Jean

    2007-01-01

    The following article discusses cognitive and metacognitive reading strategies and the use of them particularly among bilingual students. It distinguishes between the two types of strategies. Strategy use among monolingual and bilingual students are described and compared. The article focuses on the need for strategy instruction, particularly…

  18. Computerized Silent Reading Rate and Strategy Instruction for Fourth Graders at Risk in Silent Reading Rate.

    PubMed

    Niedo, Jasmin; Lee, Yen Ling; Breznitz, Zvia; Berninger, Virginia

    2014-05-01

    Fourth graders whose silent word reading and/or sentence reading rate was, on average, two-thirds standard deviation below their oral reading of real and pseudowords and reading comprehension accuracy were randomly assigned to treatment (n=7) or wait-listed (n=7) control groups. Following nine sessions combining computerized rapid accelerated-reading program (RAP), which individually tailors rate of written text presentation to comprehension criterion (80%), and self-regulated strategies for attending and engaging, the treated group significantly outperformed the wait-listed group before treatment on (a) a grade-normed, silent sentence reading rate task requiring lexical- and syntactic level processing to decide which of three sentences makes sense; and (b) RAP presentation rates yoked to comprehension accuracy level. Each group improved significantly on these same outcomes from before to after instruction. Attention ratings and working memory for written words predicted post-treatment accuracy, which correlated significantly with the silent sentence reading rate score. Implications are discussed for (a) preventing silent reading disabilities during the transition to increasing emphasis on silent reading, (b) evidence-based approaches for making accommodation of extra time on timed tests requiring silent reading, and (c) combining computerized instruction with strategies for self-regulation during silent reading.

  19. Accuracy of student performance while reading leveled books rated at their instructional level by a reading inventory.

    PubMed

    Burns, Matthew K; Pulles, Sandra M; Maki, Kathrin E; Kanive, Rebecca; Hodgson, Jennifer; Helman, Lori A; McComas, Jennifer J; Preast, June L

    2015-12-01

    Identifying a student's instructional level is necessary to ensure that students are appropriately challenged in reading. Informal reading inventories (IRIs) purport to assess the highest reading level at which a student can accurately decode and comprehend text. However, the use of IRIs in determining a student's instructional level has been questioned because of a lack of research. The current study examined the percentage of words read correctly with 64 second- and third-grade students while reading from texts at their instructional level as determined by an IRI. Students read for 1 min from three leveled texts that corresponded to their instructional level as measured by an IRI, and the percentage of words read correctly was recorded. The percentage read correctly correlated across the three books from r=.47 to r=.68 and instructional level categories correlated from tau=.59 to tau=.65. Percent agreement calculations showed that the categorical scores (frustration, instructional, and independent) for the three readings agreed approximately 67% to 70% of the time, which resulted in a kappa estimate of less than .50. Kappa coefficients of .70 are considered strong indicators of agreement. Moreover, more than half of the students with the lowest reading skills read at a frustration level when attempting to read books rated at their instructional level by an IRI. The current study questions how reliably and accurately IRIs identify students' instructional level for reading.

  20. The Salem Cable Television Project: A Demonstration of the Use of Cable Television and Paraprofessional Tutors as an Alternative to Traditional ABE Classroom Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiesner, Peter

    Adult education opportunities can be increased through cable television technology, which provides home-based instruction as an alternative to the strictures of the classroom or learning center. The 18-month Salem project used television for primary instruction together with the services of paraprofessional tutors as a personal contact for…

  1. Teacher knowledge, instructional expertise, and the development of reading proficiency.

    PubMed

    Reid Lyon, G; Weiser, Beverly

    2009-01-01

    Teacher knowledge and instructional expertise have been found in correlational and pre- and posttest studies to be related to student reading achievement. This article summarizes data presented in this special issue and additional research to address four questions: (a) What do expert reading teachers know? (b) Why do teachers need to acquire this knowledge? (c) Do teachers believe they have this knowledge? and (d) Are teachers being adequately prepared to teach reading? Well-designed studies relevant to this topic have been sparse with a noticeable lack of attention given to identifying specific causal links between teacher knowledge, teaching expertise, and student reading achievement. Until the appropriate research designs and methodologies are applied to address the question of causal effects, conclusions about the specific content that teachers must know and the instructional practices that are most beneficial in presenting this content are preliminary at best. Future studies of the effect of essential reading content knowledge must be extended beyond word-level skills to vocabulary, reading comprehension, and writing.

  2. Influences of Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction on Strategy Use and Conceptual Learning from Text.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guthrie, John T.; Anderson, Emily; Alao, Solomon; Rinehart, Jennifer

    1999-01-01

    Attempting to increase reading engagement, a collaborative team implemented a year-long integration of reading/language arts and science instruction known as Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI). Compared to traditionally organized instruction, the CORI context increased strategy use, conceptual learning, and text comprehension more than…

  3. Specialized Reading Instruction for Adolescents with Learning Disabilities: What Special Education Co-Teachers Say

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King-Sears, Margaret E.; Bowman-Kruhm, Mary

    2011-01-01

    In this exploratory study, secondary special education co-teachers report about specialized reading instruction for students with learning disabilities in co-taught classes. Almost half of the respondents were concerned that reading instruction was not occurring in co-taught classes. One-third were concerned reading instruction was not occurring…

  4. A Study of Theoretical Orientation to Reading and Its Relationship to Teacher Verbal Feedback During Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffman, James V.; Kugle, Cherry L.

    A study was undertaken to relate the actual performance of teachers during reading instruction to their theoretical orientation as reflected on both the Theoretical Orientation to Reading Profile (TORP) and the Propositions Inventory (PI). The specific instructional behavior investigated was guided oral reading. Subjects of the study were 35…

  5. Reading Strategies and Literature Instruction: Teaching Learners to Generate Questions to Foster Literary Reading in the Second Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Urlaub, Per

    2012-01-01

    Reading and discussing literary texts in a second language (L2) is a significant component of intermediate and advanced level collegiate language education. However, in spite of more attention to the role of literary texts in L2 instruction, the function of reading strategy instruction to teaching literary reading in the L2 has remained…

  6. Reading and reading instruction for children from low-income and non-English-speaking households.

    PubMed

    Lesaux, Nonie K

    2012-01-01

    Although most young children seem to master reading skills in the early grades of elementary school, many struggle with texts as they move through middle school and high school. Why do children who seem to be proficient readers in third grade have trouble comprehending texts in later grades? To answer this question, Nonie Lesaux describes what is known about reading development and instruction, homing in on research conducted with children from low-income and non-English-speaking homes. Using key insights from this research base, she offers two explanations. The first is that reading is a dynamic and multifaceted process that requires continued development if students are to keep pace with the increasing demands of school texts and tasks. The second lies in the role of reading assessment and instruction in U.S. schools. Lesaux draws a distinction between the "skills-based competencies" that readers need to sound out and recognize words and the "knowledge-based competencies" that include the conceptual and vocabulary knowledge necessary to comprehend a text's meaning. Although U.S. schools have made considerable progress in teaching skills-based reading competencies that are the focus of the early grades, most have made much less progress in teaching the knowledge-based competencies students need to support reading comprehension in middle and high school. These knowledge-based competencies are key sources of lasting individual differences in reading outcomes, particularly among children growing up in low-income and non-English-speaking households. Augmenting literacy rates, Lesaux explains, will require considerable shifts in the way reading is assessed and taught in elementary and secondary schools. First, schools must conduct comprehensive reading assessments that discern learners' (potential) sources of reading difficulties--in both skills-based and knowledge-based competencies. Second, educators must implement instructional approaches that offer promise for

  7. Reading and reading instruction for children from low-income and non-English-speaking households.

    PubMed

    Lesaux, Nonie K

    2012-01-01

    Although most young children seem to master reading skills in the early grades of elementary school, many struggle with texts as they move through middle school and high school. Why do children who seem to be proficient readers in third grade have trouble comprehending texts in later grades? To answer this question, Nonie Lesaux describes what is known about reading development and instruction, homing in on research conducted with children from low-income and non-English-speaking homes. Using key insights from this research base, she offers two explanations. The first is that reading is a dynamic and multifaceted process that requires continued development if students are to keep pace with the increasing demands of school texts and tasks. The second lies in the role of reading assessment and instruction in U.S. schools. Lesaux draws a distinction between the "skills-based competencies" that readers need to sound out and recognize words and the "knowledge-based competencies" that include the conceptual and vocabulary knowledge necessary to comprehend a text's meaning. Although U.S. schools have made considerable progress in teaching skills-based reading competencies that are the focus of the early grades, most have made much less progress in teaching the knowledge-based competencies students need to support reading comprehension in middle and high school. These knowledge-based competencies are key sources of lasting individual differences in reading outcomes, particularly among children growing up in low-income and non-English-speaking households. Augmenting literacy rates, Lesaux explains, will require considerable shifts in the way reading is assessed and taught in elementary and secondary schools. First, schools must conduct comprehensive reading assessments that discern learners' (potential) sources of reading difficulties--in both skills-based and knowledge-based competencies. Second, educators must implement instructional approaches that offer promise for

  8. Improving Early Reading Skills for Beginning Readers Using an Online Programme as Supplementary Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyler, Emily Jehanne; Hughes, John Carl; Beverley, Michael; Hastings, Richard Patrick

    2015-01-01

    Many children fail to acquire basic reading skills. The current evidence base for supplementary reading instruction indicates that explicit, systematic and intensive instruction in the early years for children considered to be "at-risk" of reading difficulties can have significant and preventative effects on reading skills. However,…

  9. Online versus Paper-Based Instruction: Comparing Two Strategy Training Modules for Improving Reading Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Hsin-chou

    2014-01-01

    This study investigates the effectiveness of online versus paper-based reading strategy instruction on EFL learners' reading comprehension. Fifty-seven university students from two intact reading classes with comparable proficiency levels were assigned to participate in either a paper-based or an online reading instructional module. Both…

  10. Promising Practices in the Preparation of Special Educators to Provide Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sayeski, Kristin L.; Gormley Budin, Shannon E.; Bennett, Katie

    2015-01-01

    The majority of students with disabilities require support in the area of reading. Given the importance of reading instruction, it is essential that special education teacher preparation programs prepare candidates who are knowledgeable about reading development and skilled in the delivery of reading instruction. The purpose of this article is…

  11. Reading Assessments: Practice and Theoretical Perspectives. Research on Instructional Assessment: Instructionally Relevant Reading Assessment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linn, Robert L.; Valencia, Shelia W.

    This paper evaluates widely used, standardized tests of reading within the framework of four interdependent reading components: (1) decoding speed and accuracy; (2) accuracy, fluency, and flexibility of determining semantic meaning of words; (3) sentence comprehension; and (4) passage dependent sentence comprehension. Among the types of…

  12. Is What's Hot in Reading What Should Be Important for Reading Instruction?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rasinski, Timothy

    2016-01-01

    For years one of the most anticipated events in reading instruction has been Jack Cassidy and his colleagues' annual publication of the "What's Hot, What's Not" survey. In their present study, using longitudinal data from the What's Hot survey, Cassidy, Ortlieb, and Grote-Garcia (2016) make the case that because the Common Core Standards…

  13. Impact of Animal Assisted Therapy Reading Instruction on Reading Performance of Homeschooled Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Kelly A.

    2010-01-01

    While animal assisted therapy (AAT) has been a successful part of treatment plans within the medical field for several decades, AAT has not been quantitatively researched as a viable instructional tool that can be used in conjunction with other reading intervention strategies. With over one-third of elementary school aged children experiencing…

  14. The Child, the Text and the Teacher: Reading Primers and Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patterson, Annette Joyce; Cormack, Phillip Anton; Green, William Charles

    2012-01-01

    From the late sixteenth century, in response to the problem of how best to teach children to read, a variety of texts, such as primers, spellers and readers were produced in England for vernacular instruction. This paper describes how these materials were used by teachers to develop, first, a specific religious understanding according to the…

  15. Understanding the Misunderstanding: An Analysis of the Relationships between Reading Fluency Constructs, Reading Fluency Instruction and Oral Reading Fluency Assessment in the Elementary Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cribbs, Aimee M.

    2013-01-01

    This study focused on the relationships between educator reading fluency constructs, reading fluency instruction and oral reading fluency assessment. Survey responses from sixty-six elementary educators in rural and urban north Georgia were analyzed to reach an understanding of why educators are likely to equate reading fluency with reading fast…

  16. The Effect of Repeated Reading Instruction on Oral Reading Fluency and Its Impact on Reading Comprehension of Grade 5 English Language Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, W. Maria

    2011-01-01

    The Problem. In its meta-analysis on teaching children to read, U.S. National Reading Panel (NICHD & NIH, 2000) found repeated reading to be an effective technique for reading instruction. Specifically, the report determined that repeated reading procedures had a positive impact on word recognition, fluency, and comprehension across a range of…

  17. If I Read Better, Will I Score Higher ?: The Relationship between Oral Reading Fluency Instruction and Standardized Reading Achievement Test Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waldron, Chad H.

    2008-01-01

    The research study examined whether a difference existed between the reading achievement scores of an experimental group and a control group in standardized reading achievement. This difference measured the effect of systematic oral reading fluency instruction with repeated readings. Data from the 4Sight Pennsylvania Benchmark Reading Assessments…

  18. Engagement during reading instruction for students who are deaf or hard of hearing in public schools.

    PubMed

    Donne, Vicki; Zigmond, Naomi

    2008-01-01

    An observational study of reading instruction was conducted in general education, resource, and self-contained classrooms, grades 1-4, in public schools. Participants included students who were deaf or hard of hearing and their reading teachers. Results indicated that time engaged in reading and/or academically responding varied significantly by grade level enrolled, reading curriculum grade level, and instructional setting, but not level of hearing loss or presence or absence of concomitant conditions. Students working with reading curriculum one grade level below spent significantly less time in reading instruction and reading than students working on grade level or two levels below. Students in general education settings spent significantly more time in reading instruction and reading silently than students in self-contained settings. The probability that students would engage in reading was significantly increased by several teacher and ecological conditions more likely to be observed in general education settings.

  19. Effects of Integrated Instruction on Motivation and Strategy Use in Reading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guthrie, John T.; Wigfield, Allan; VonSecker, Claire

    2000-01-01

    Experiment compares students receiving an instructional intervention designed to increase intrinsic motivation with students receiving traditional instruction. Concept-oriented reading instruction (CORI) integrated reading and language arts with science inquiry, emphasizing learning goals, real-world interaction, competence support, and…

  20. Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction: Engaging Classrooms, Lifelong Learners. Solving Problems in the Teaching of Literacy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swan, Emily Anderson

    This book presents Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI), a research-supported framework for integrating curriculum with instruction and fostering long-term engagement in reading. According to the book, CORI is a practical model that helps K-6 teachers plan integrated units of instruction based on their own interests and strengths as well as…

  1. A Cognitive Reading Guide: Equalizing Instruction for "Where the Red Fern Grows."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giannuzzi, Michelle L.; Hudson, Floyd

    1998-01-01

    Provides a cognitive reading guide for the first four chapters of the novel, "Where the Red Fern Grows" (Rawls, 1961), that incorporates teacher-directed whole-class instruction with a student reading guide to equalize instruction for various levels of learners. Ideas for whole-class instruction are contained within the lesson plans. (CR)

  2. Co-Teaching Students with Mild to Moderate Disabilities Using Literature-Based Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swicegood, Philip; Miller, Melinda

    2015-01-01

    Literacy instruction for students with mild to moderate special needs should include authentic literature. Literature-based reading instruction provides time for students to develop new knowledge and strategies in a supportive context. When reading instruction occurs in an inclusion classroom, it also allows time for general education and special…

  3. Facilitating Reading Comprehension in Learning Disabled Students: Metacognitive Goals and Instructional Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Billingsley, Bonnie S.; Wildman, Terry M.

    1990-01-01

    This article addresses the planning of metacognitive instruction in reading, including such elements of metacognitive theory as metacognitive knowledge, self-regulation, comprehension monitoring, and regulation. Metacognitive goals for instruction, selected research in improving reading comprehension, and specific instructional implications for…

  4. Building Word Knowledge: Opportunities for Direct Vocabulary Instruction in General Education for Students with Reading Difficulties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wanzek, Jeanne

    2014-01-01

    Direct vocabulary instruction is 1 critical component of reading instruction. Although most students in the elementary grades need to continue building their vocabulary knowledge, students with reading difficulties are at the greatest risk of falling further behind each year in vocabulary and concept knowledge without effective instruction. This…

  5. ESL Elementary Teachers' Use of Children's Picture Books to Initiate Explicit Instruction of Reading Comprehension Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al Khaiyali, Al Tiyb S.

    2014-01-01

    Reading comprehension instruction has been recognized as a key factor in developing any reading and literacy program. Therefore, many attempts were devoted to improve explicit comprehension strategy instruction at different school levels and fields including EFL and ESL. Despite these efforts, explicit comprehension instruction is still drought…

  6. Reading Comprehension Strategies in Secondary Content Area Classrooms: Teacher Use of and Attitudes towards Reading Comprehension Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ness, Molly K.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this mixed methodology study was to identify the frequency of reading comprehension instruction in middle and high school social studies and science classrooms. An additional purpose was to explore teachers' perceptions of and beliefs about the need for reading comprehension instruction. In 2,400 minutes of direct classroom…

  7. When Guided Reading Isn't Working: Strategies for Effective Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wall, Heather

    2014-01-01

    Guided reading is widespread as a small group reading instructional approach, and yet in some cases the original intent of guided reading as a method for encouraging readers' independent strategic thinking has been lost. This article describes one group of teachers' discoveries as they searched for a way to improve their instruction by…

  8. Issues in Second-Language Reading: Implications for Acquisition and Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassaji, Hossein

    2011-01-01

    The study of second-language (L2) reading comprehension and instruction has become the focus of increasing attention in the past few decades. Two recent publications, "Reading in a Second Language: Moving From Theory to Practice" by William Grabe and "Second Language Reading Research and Instruction: Crossing the Boundaries" edited by ZhaoHong Han…

  9. The First "R": Evidence-Based Reading Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ritchey, Kristen D.

    2011-01-01

    Students with learning disabilities (LD) represent a significant proportion of students enrolled in U.S. schools. Research suggests that students with LD in reading benefit from specialized reading instruction, and effective reading instruction can be characterized as explicit, intensive, and systematic. Examples of evidence-based interventions…

  10. Insights into Fluency Instruction: Short- and Long-Term Effects of Two Reading Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwanenflugel, Paula J.; Kuhn, Melanie R.; Morris, Robin D.; Morrow, Lesley Mandel; Meisinger, Elizabeth B.; Woo, Deborah Gee; Quirk, Matthew; Sevcik, Rose

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine short- and long-term effects of two instructional approaches designed to improve the reading fluency of second-grade children: Fluency-Oriented Reading Instruction (or FORI; Stahl & Heubach, 2005) and a wide reading approach (Kuhn et al., 2006). By the end of second grade, children in the wide reading…

  11. Construction and Validation of a Chinese SRL-Based Reading Instruction Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lau, Kit Ling

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the study is to construct and validate a Chinese self-regulated learning (SRL)-based reading instruction questionnaire (CSRIQ) and to examine the relationship between Chinese reading instruction and Hong Kong students' reading development from the SRL perspective. A total of 339 Grade 10 students completed the initial CSRIQ in Study…

  12. Implementation and Effects of Explicit Reading Comprehension Instruction in Fifth-Grade Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andreassen, Rune; Braten, Ivar

    2011-01-01

    In this intervention study, teachers tried to implement four instructional principles derived from the literature on research-based, explicit reading comprehension instruction in their fifth-grade classrooms. The principles focused on relevant background knowledge, reading comprehension strategies, reading-group organization, and reading…

  13. Beginning Reading Instruction: Components and Features of a Research-Based Reading Program. Texas Reading Initiative.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin.

    Meant to guide administrators and teachers as they strive to meet Governor George W. Bush's goal for all students to read on grade level by the end of grade 3, this booklet presents descriptions of components of a research-based beginning reading program. The first section describes 12 essential components of a beginning reading program. In this…

  14. Evaluating the Effectiveness of Fluency-Oriented Reading Instruction with Increasing Black and Latino Reading Fluency, as Compared to Asian and White Second-Grade Students' Reading Fluency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Franklin Dickerson

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the effectiveness of Fluency-Oriented Reading Instruction (FORI) on improving reading fluency for an ethnically diverse sample of second-grade students. FORI incorporates the repeated reading of a grade-level text over the course of an academic week. This approach to reading uses scaffolding by expert readers. Results indicate…

  15. Integrating Environmental Education With Beginning Reading and Phonics Instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bolsem, Anne M.

    The practice of integrating methods of instruction shows signs of promise as teachers seek new ways to raise student achievement. Although researchers have focused on the efficacy of environment-based education, little research has been done to investigate a framework for integration. The research question that guided this case study was designed to explore the instructional practices teachers employ to integrate environmental education with beginning reading and phonics instruction. The conceptual framework is based on the seminal idea of using the environment as an integrating context, which postulates that the natural world becomes the overarching theme for teaching and learning. Data were obtained through interviews and lesson observations using a purposeful sample of 4 kindergarten and first grade teacher participants. A focus group interview also included the on-site naturalist. Inductive data analysis was used to discover categories and themes. Findings indicated that teachers integrate instruction primarily in the areas of vocabulary and writing after purposeful planning, collaboration, and a deep understanding of broader student goals. Findings also specified that teachers' integration strategies represent a combination of who the teachers are, what they believe, and what action they take in the classroom. Site-specific recommendations for action include ongoing professional development for teachers and support staff, time for collaboration, and review of teacher personal beliefs. Implications for social change include reflection and improvement of practice by teachers at the study site, as well as continued evaluation and discussion about teaching practices and teacher roles leading to more cohesive, enriching integrated instruction rooted in authentic, place-based experiences.

  16. Impacts of comprehensive reading instruction on diverse outcomes of low- and high-achieving readers.

    PubMed

    Guthrie, John T; McRae, Angela; Coddington, Cassandra S; Lutz Klauda, Susan; Wigfield, Allan; Barbosa, Pedro

    2009-01-01

    Low-achieving readers in Grade 5 often lack comprehension strategies, domain knowledge, word recognition skills, fluency, and motivation to read. Students with such multiple reading needs seem likely to benefit from instruction that supports each of these reading processes. The authors tested this expectation experimentally by comparing the effects of Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI) with traditional instruction (TI) on several outcomes in a 12-week intervention for low achievers and high achievers. Low achievers in the CORI group were afforded explicit instruction, leveled texts, and motivation support. Compared with TI students, CORI students scored higher on posttest measures of word recognition speed, reading comprehension on the Gates-MacGinitie Reading Test, and ecological knowledge. CORI was equally effective for lower achievers and higher achievers. Explicitly supporting multiple aspects of reading simultaneously appeared to benefit diverse learners on a range of reading outcomes.

  17. The Doctor Is In: Practical Answers to Perplexing Questions about Classroom Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gutknecht, Bruce

    To address the gap perceived by classroom reading teachers between research findings and reading process theories and the realities of classroom reading instruction, this paper poses six questions/problems often asked by reading teachers, and answers them with information drawn from current research and theory. Topics covered in the questions…

  18. Programming for Generalization of Oral Reading Fluency Using Computer-Assisted Instruction and Changing Fluency Criteria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keyes, Starr E.; Cartledge, Gwendolyn; Gibson, Lenwood, Jr.; Robinson-Ervin, Porsha

    2016-01-01

    This study examined the effectiveness of a supplemental repeated reading intervention delivered through a computer-assisted instruction (CAI) program on the oral reading fluency (ORF), comprehension, and generalization of second graders who were at risk for reading failure. Six students received the Read Naturally Software Edition (RNSE) treatment…

  19. Reading Instruction for Elementary-Age Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders: Academic and Behavioral Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barton-Arwood, Sally M.; Wehby, Joseph H.; Falk, Katherine B.

    2005-01-01

    This study evaluated the effects of a reading intervention on the reading achievement and social behaviors of 6 third-grade students with emotional/behavioral disorders. Reading instruction occurred 4 days a week using the Horizons Fast Track reading program and Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies. Analyses indicated variable improvements in basic…

  20. Evidence-Based Reading Instruction for Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whalon, Kelly J.; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Delano, Monica E.

    2009-01-01

    Legislation mandates that all children, including children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), be taught to read in ways that are consistent with reading research and target the five components of evidence-based reading instruction: phonemic awareness, phonics, reading fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension strategies. This review synthesized…

  1. Successful Reading Instruction: Reports and Recommendations from a National Invitational Conference.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rohland, Mark, Ed.

    2002-01-01

    Within the context of President Bush's Reading First and Early Reading First initiatives to improve early literacy skills for preschool children and reading literacy skills for primary children, a national invitational conference on successful reading instruction was held in Washington, DC, on November 12-13, 2001. It focused on determining how…

  2. The Effect of Vocabulary Instruction on the Reading Achievement of at Risk Third-Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corbett, Linda D.

    2009-01-01

    In this quantitative research study the researcher investigated the effect of vocabulary instruction on the reading achievement of at risk students. A quasi-experimental design was used to determine the effect that vocabulary instruction had on the reading achievement of the at risk students. The sample used in the study was purposive, because…

  3. Does Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction Increase Strategy Use and Conceptual Learning from Text?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guthrie, John T.; Van Meter, Peggy; Hancock, Gregory R.; Alao, Solomon; Anderson, Emily; McCann, Ann

    1998-01-01

    Path analysis shows that a year-long program integrating reading/language arts and science instruction, Concept Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI), had a positive effect on strategy use and text comprehension for students in grades 3 (N=48) and 5 (n=40) when accounting for past achievement and prior knowledge. (SLD)

  4. Growth of Literacy Engagement: Changes in Motivations and Strategies during Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guthrie, John T.; And Others

    1996-01-01

    Describes changes in literacy engagement during Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI), a new approach to teaching reading, writing, and science that emphasizes real-world science observations, student self-direction, strategy instruction, collaborative learning, self-expression, and coherence of literacy learning experiences. Finds that…

  5. The Impact of Functional Reading Instruction on Individual and Social Life

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bulut, Mesut

    2015-01-01

    The functional importance of reading instruction with regard to society and individual is an undeniable fact. One of the essential goals of education is to actualize reading instruction which has a very important role in adopting the values of the contemporary civilization. Considering teaching, these educational goals which are based on a solid…

  6. Adopting Primary Grade Reading Instruction to Individual Differences in Perceptual Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosner, Jerome

    Reading instruction should be modified to make it compatible with students' perceptual skills. Assessing the adequacy of a student's perception is pertinent to planning his reading instructional program--not because the teacher can then teach to a preferred modality but, rather, because it can help the teacher determine whether the student has…

  7. Elementary School Principals' Knowledge of Literacy Development and Instruction and Students' Reading Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherrill, Carol A.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this dissertation was to determine if the knowledge of literacy development and reading instruction practices an elementary school principal possesses impacts the level of reading achievement of his/her students. Principals' scores on an assessment of knowledge of literacy development and instruction were compared to students'…

  8. Teachers' and Students' Perceptions of Gender-Differentiated Reading Instruction at the High School Level

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Luke N., III

    2014-01-01

    In a rural Alabama school district, 38.46% of the students failed the reading portion of the high school graduation examination. While the teachers in the school district were trained to differentiate instruction according to ability and gender, the impact of gender-differentiated reading instruction was unknown. The purpose of this case study was…

  9. Improving Students' Reading Comprehension Skills: Effects of Strategy Instruction and Reciprocal Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sporer, Nadine; Brunstein, Joachim C.; Kieschke, Ulf

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of three different forms of strategy instruction on 210 elementary-school students' reading comprehension. Students were assigned to any one of three intervention conditions or to a traditional instruction condition (control condition). Training students were taught four reading strategies…

  10. Modeling the Relationships among Reading Instruction, Motivation, Engagement, and Achievement for Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guthrie, John T.; Klauda, Susan Lutz; Ho, Amy N.

    2013-01-01

    This study modeled the interrelationships of reading instruction, motivation, engagement, and achievement in two contexts, employing data from 1,159 seventh graders. In the traditional reading/language arts (R/LA) context, all students participated in traditional R/LA instruction. In the intervention R/LA context, 854 students from the full sample…

  11. Capitalizing on Curriculum-Based Measurement for Reading: Collaboration within a Response to Instruction Framework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiss, Stacy L.; Friesen, Amber

    2014-01-01

    Response to Instruction (RTI) frameworks provide a structure for assessing student progress and evaluating the effectiveness of reading interventions. Schools frequently use RTI to support students who are struggling with learning to read while utilizing curriculum-based measurement (CBM) to monitor performance and guide instructional decisions…

  12. Reading Instruction in Secondary Day Treatment and Residential Schools for Youth with Emotional or Behavioral Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilkerson, Kimber L.; Gagnon, Joseph Calvin; Melekoglu, Macid Ayhan; Cakiroglu, Orhan

    2012-01-01

    This study was designed to obtain the first national picture of the characteristics of special educators who provide reading or English instruction in secondary day treatment and residential schools for youth with emotional or behavioral disorders (EBD) as well as their approach to reading instruction. Also, information was collected concerning…

  13. Testing the Impact of Child Characteristics x Instruction Interactions on Third Graders' Reading Comprehension by Differentiating Literacy Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connor, Carol McDonald; Morrison, Fredrick J.; Fishman, Barry; Giuliani, Sarah; Luck, Melissa; Underwood, Phyllis S.; Bayraktar, Aysegul; Crowe, Elizabeth C.; Schatschneider, Christopher

    2011-01-01

    There is accumulating correlational evidence that the effect of specific types of reading instruction depends on children's initial language and literacy skills, called child characteristics x instruction (CxI) interactions. There is, however, no experimental evidence beyond first grade. This randomized control study examined whether CxI…

  14. The Relation between the Type and Amount of Instruction and Growth in Children's Reading Competencies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sonnenschein, Susan; Stapleton, Laura M.; Benson, Amy

    2010-01-01

    A latent growth model was used to investigate the longer term efficacy of phonics and integrated language arts instruction as well as amount of such instruction on children's reading development, using the nationally representative Early Childhood Longitudinal Study data set (kindergarten through fifth grade). Type and amount of instruction were…

  15. Direct versus Indirect Environmental Print Instruction and Early Reading Ability in Kindergarten Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuby, Patricia; Aldridge, Jerry

    1997-01-01

    Ascertains whether there were any significant differences in the early reading ability of kindergarten children who received direct instruction with environmental print, those who received indirect instruction, and those who received no instruction. Uses analysis of covariance to ascertain differences. Reveals that the control group and the…

  16. Evaluating Reading and Mathematics Instruction for Students with Learning Disabilities: A Synthesis of Observation Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenna, John William; Shin, Mikyung; Ciullo, Stephen

    2015-01-01

    Systematically observing instruction for students with learning disabilities (LD) provides information regarding the quality of school-based interventions, allocation of instructional time, and other implementation variables associated with student outcomes. In this synthesis, observation studies of reading and mathematics instruction from 2000 to…

  17. Instructional Design Issues in Computer-Based Reading: Reinforcement and Objectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanchard, Jay S.

    1987-01-01

    This review of cognitive development research in the area of computer-based reading instruction focuses on reinforcement and instructional objectives. Differences between extrinsic and intrinsic reinforcement and motivation are discussed, types of objectives and learner characteristics are described, and implications for instructional design are…

  18. A Comparison of Three Methods of Vocabulary Instruction during Read-Alouds in Kindergarten

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silverman, Rebecca

    2007-01-01

    This article presents results from 2 studies comparing 3 approaches to teaching vocabulary during storybook reading: (a) contextual instruction, based on connecting words to their use in books and to children's personal experience; (b) analytical instruction, which enhances contextual instruction with semantic analysis of words in contexts other…

  19. Three Adult Education Projects: Local History Sparks ABE Class; Teleteacher; Project TARA: An Approach to AE.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ringley, Ray; And Others

    1979-01-01

    Describes three instructional approaches in adult basic education: a class in which retired coal miners recorded their experiences in early coal mining camps; a telephone-based instructional system using "Teleteacher" specially designed and built machines; and an approach to ABE in New York emphasizing adult functional literacy, Project TARA…

  20. Reading Performance of Elementary Students: Results of a Five-Year Longitudinal Study of Direct Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thames, Dana; Kazelskis, Richard; Kazelskis, Carolyn Reeves

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this longitudinal study was to explore the impact of a direct reading instruction program, "Reading Mastery (RM)," on literacy performance of students over a five-year period. Initially, 700 students in grades K-3 were randomly selected from six elementary schools to participate in the study; an additional 100 randomly-selected…

  1. Examing the Effect of a Learning-Centered Reading Instruction on Iranian Students' Reading Comprehension: An Action Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kashef, Seyyed Hossein; Viyani, Azizollah; Ghabool, Neda; Damavand, Ayoob

    2012-01-01

    This study intended to explore the the effect of a learning-centered reading instruction on improving undergraduate students' reading comprehension ability in university context of Iran. Based on a pedagogical framework driven from Hutchinson and Waters' learning-centered approach, some useful techniques were applied to develop a specific English…

  2. Growth of Literacy Engagement: Changes in Motivation and Strategies during Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction. Reading Research Report No. 53.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guthrie, John T.; And Others

    This report describes a study that examined changes in literacy engagement during one year of Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI), a new approach to teaching reading, writing, and science. Literacy engagement was defined as the integration of intrinsic motivations, cognitive strategies, and conceptual learning from text. To promote…

  3. The Sequencing of Formal Reading Instruction: Reading Development in Bilingual and English-Medium Schools in Ireland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parsons, Christine; Lyddy, Fiona

    2009-01-01

    There is currently no fixed programme for sequencing of formal reading instruction in Irish-medium schools and practices vary considerably. This study compared the development of reading skills in the Irish and English languages of children from varying linguistic backgrounds and schooling experiences. Three age groups of children (N = 254)…

  4. Changing Perspectives on Research in Reading/Language Processing and Instruction. Thirty-Third Yearbook of the National Reading Conference.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Niles, Jerome A., Ed.; Harris, Larry A., Ed.

    Reflecting current themes that researchers, by their selective attention, have indicated are important in the field of reading/language processing and instruction, this yearbook presents a collection of 51 selected research articles from the National Reading Conference for 1983. Included are the following articles, listed with their authors: (1)…

  5. The Effects of Explicit Instruction on Critical Reading and Argumentative Writing: The TASK of Reading and Writing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Unrau, Norman J.

    A study investigated the impact of a procedure called Thesis Analysis and Synthesis Key (TASK), which was embedded in a curriculum designed to help high school students read and write arguments. Subjects, 120 11th-graders in San Francisco were instructed in argumentation under 3 conditions. Their gains in the ability to read arguments were…

  6. Achieving science, math and reading literacy for all: The role of inquiry-based science instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hung, Man

    With the enactment of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, educators and policy makers have been seeking effective strategies to improve students' science, mathematics and reading achievement. One of the primary teaching strategies recommended by reform-oriented organizations, such as the National Research Council (1996), is to utilize inquiry-based science instruction. In this study, I examined the effects of inquiry-based science instruction and traditional science instruction on student achievement across science, mathematics and reading. I also compared the effects of inquiry-based science instruction and traditional science instruction on student achievement. Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999---a large, national data sample---a series of structural equation modeling analyses were performed. Results indicated that inquiry-based science instruction was associated with significant, positive gains not only in science achievement, but also in mathematics and reading achievement. The positive relationship between inquiry instruction and student achievement was found above and beyond the contributions of traditional science instruction, which generally showed no significant relationship to student achievement. Findings support the theoretical position that inquiry-based science instruction can have robust benefits across the curriculum. This study contributes to the dialogue on effective instructional methods to achieve science, mathematics and reading literacy for all. Overall, this study provides cautious support for the idea that student achievement can be promoted by supporting and encouraging teachers to implement inquiry-based science instruction.

  7. Comprehension Considerations in SWRL Reading Instruction. Technical Note No. 2-72-35.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bessemer, David W.; Jenkins, Charles M.

    Conceptualizations of the reading process and the nature of comprehension are discussed in relation to the Southwest Regional Laboratory (SWRL) Beginning Reading Program. A method of syntactic analysis is proposed to help identify segments of meaning in reading materials. Components for comprehension assessment and instruction based on auch an…

  8. Effects of Direct Instruction on the Reading Comprehension of Students with Autism and Developmental Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flores, Margaret M.; Ganz, Jennifer B.

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated effects of a Direct Instruction reading comprehension program implemented with students with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and developmental disabilities (DD). There is little research in the area of reading comprehension for students with ASD and no research as to the effectiveness of reading comprehension Direct…

  9. Impacts of Comprehensive Reading Instruction on Diverse Outcomes of Low- and High-Achieving Readers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guthrie, John T.; McRae, Angela; Coddington, Cassandra S.; Klauda, Susan Lutz; Wigfield, Allan; Barbosa, Pedro

    2009-01-01

    Low-achieving readers in Grade 5 often lack comprehension strategies, domain knowledge, word recognition skills, fluency, and motivation to read. Students with such multiple reading needs seem likely to benefit from instruction that supports each of these reading processes. The authors tested this expectation experimentally by comparing the…

  10. Reading, Language, and Literacy: Instruction for the Twenty-First Century.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lehr, Fran, Ed.; Osborn, Jean, Ed.

    Noting that reading instruction in the last years of the 20th century is still characterized by controversy, this book presents 18 essays that examine the best available research evidence about what is known--and what needs to be learned--about the teaching of reading and how children learn to read. Topics of the essays include whole language,…

  11. Methods of Summer Reading Instruction in Relation to Changing Attitudes and Abilities of Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Birlem, Ellen D.

    Since many summer reading programs emphasize mechanical reading skills, it was felt that a less orthodox approach to summer reading instruction would yield more information on their relative effect on achievement. The experimenter avoided the usual emphasis on the development of a sequence of skills by devising a program of individualized, high…

  12. Applying Research in Reading Instruction for Adults: First Steps for Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McShane, Susan

    2005-01-01

    This book is a resource for adult education teachers who want to build and strengthen adults' reading skills. It aims first to build background knowledge about reading and scientifically based reading instruction, but the focus is in applying the research on modeling thinking, planning, and problem solving in the context of fictional adult…

  13. Reading Fluency Assessment and Instruction: What, Why, and How?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hudson, Roxanne F.; Lane, Holly B.; Pullen, Paige C.

    2005-01-01

    This article explains the elements of reading fluency and ways to assess and teach them. Fluent reading has three elements: accurate reading of connected text, at a conversational rate with appropriate prosody. Word reading accuracy refers to the ability to recognize or decode words correctly. Reading rate refers to both word-level automaticity…

  14. Match the Style of Instruction to the Style of Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carbo, Marie

    2009-01-01

    Many reading problems are caused by using the wrong teaching methods. This article advocates using a reading style inventory and matching the teaching method to the student's reading style. The author holds copyright to this article. (Contains 3 figures.)

  15. Where We Live: A Curriculum Guide. ABE Materials that Address Housing Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellowitch, Azi

    This curriculum was developed to give adult basic education (ABE) teachers starting points for developing their own units around housing-related issues. The texts have been chosen thematically, rather than by skill level. The materials are designed for group work--oral reading and discussion. Readings focus on housing repairs, court procedures,…

  16. A.B.E. Teacher's Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoenninger, Ron; And Others

    Designed for instructor/tutors in Jefferson College's Adult Basic Education (ABE) Program, this manual provides information about teaching basic skills to persons 16 years of age or older. Section I presents general program guidelines with respect to statewide ABE objectives, student absentees/withdrawals, teacher certification, and…

  17. Assessing Motivation To Read. Instructional Resource No. 14.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gambrell, Linda B.; And Others

    The Motivation to Read Profile (MRP) is a public-domain instrument designed to provide teachers with an efficient and reliable way to assess reading motivation qualitatively and quantitatively by evaluating students' self-concept as readers and the value they place on reading. The MRP consists of two basic instruments: the Reading Survey (a…

  18. Comparison of Phonic Analysis and Whole Word-Reading on First Graders' Cumulative Words Read and Cumulative Reading Rate: An Extension in Examining Instructional Effectiveness and Efficiency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidgall, Melissa; Joseph, Laurice M.

    2007-01-01

    This study compared the instructional effectiveness and efficiency of three word-reading interventions on cumulative number of words read accurately and cumulative learning rate. Participants were six first graders who needed intensive intervention services. Alternating treatment designs were used to compare the effects of interspersal drill, a…

  19. The Effects of Guided Reading Instruction on the Reading Comprehension and Reading Attitudes of Fourth-Grade At-Risk Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bruce, Laquanda T.

    2010-01-01

    America's public schools have faced challenges in educating students, particularly those identified as at risk. According to the No Child Left Behind Act, nearly 70% of 4th grade students are unable to perform on a basic level on national reading tests. The research problem in this study addressed the significance of guided reading instruction,…

  20. Intensity in Vocabulary Instruction and Effects on Reading Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baumann, James F.

    2009-01-01

    Prior research has shown that vocabulary instruction can enhance the comprehension of passages when instruction includes definitional and contextual information, provides multiple instructional encounters with the words, and requires learners to engage actively in processing of word meanings (M. F. Graves, 1986; S. A. Stahl & M. M. Fairbanks,…

  1. Effects of targeted reading instruction on phonological awareness and phonic decoding in children with down syndrome.

    PubMed

    Cologon, Kathy; Cupples, Linda; Wyver, Shirley

    2011-03-01

    This research evaluated the effectiveness of reading instruction targeting oral reading and phonological awareness for children with Down syndrome (affecting chromosome 21). The participants were 7 children ranging in age from 2 years, 11 months to 10 years, 8 months. Each child acted as his/her own control, with assessments of language, cognition, phonological awareness, word and short-passage comprehension, and oral reading ability conducted on four occasions (initially, preintervention, postintervention and delayed postintervention) over approximately a 12-month period. The intervention was conducted over 10 weekly sessions and involved individual instruction. The postintervention assessment results provided evidence that phonic reading instruction was generally effective in improving reading skills and phonological awareness of children with Down syndrome.

  2. Reading Practices to Help Improve Instruction. SEDL Letter, Volume XIX, Number 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blair, Leslie Asher, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    This issue focuses on practices that can help improve reading instruction and includes two announcements from Southwest Educational Development Laboratory (SEDL). It begins with a look at study groups, the practice of teachers getting together to focus on instructional practices and student learning. Stacey Joyner, a staff member of SEDL's Texas…

  3. English Reading Instruction in China: Chinese Teachers' Perspectives and Comments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hu, Ran; Baumann, James F.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe teachers' perspectives and comments about their reading curriculum and instruction at different school levels. A brief historical examination of the English instruction and the contemporary education policies in China was provided. Twelve Chinese teachers of English at different schools levels…

  4. Employing Siegler's Overlapping Waves Theory to Gauge Learning in a Balanced Reading Instruction Framework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calais, Gerald J.

    2008-01-01

    Balanced reading instruction proposes an alternative to phonics only or whole language only programs; offers an efficient mixture of instructional approaches; and reconciles an array of learning styles. Although this balanced approach can not be interpreted monolithically, due to the various ways that whole language and phonics can be taught and…

  5. Instruction of Research-Based Comprehension Strategies in Basal Reading Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pilonieta, Paola

    2010-01-01

    Research supports using research-based comprehension strategies; however, comprehension strategy instruction is not highly visible in basal reading programs or classroom instruction, resulting in many students who struggle with comprehension. A content analysis examined which research-based comprehension strategies were presented in five…

  6. The Effect of Instructing Critical Thinking through Debate on Male and Female EFL Learners' Reading Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tous, Maryam Danaye; Tahriri, Abdorreza; Haghighi, Sara

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of instruction through debate on male and female EFL learners' reading comprehension. Also, their perception of critical thinking (CT) instruction was investigated. A quantitative research method with experimental pre-and post-tests design was conducted to collect the data. Eighty-eight…

  7. Mitigating the Effects of Negative Stereotyping of Aging and the Elderly in Primary Grade Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gutknecht, Bruce

    1991-01-01

    Discusses depictions of aging and the elderly in primary grade reading instructional materials. Investigates the attitudes of primary grade students toward aging and the elderly. Suggests instructional approaches and materials that can mitigate the effects of negative stereotyping of aging and the elderly. (RS)

  8. The Relative Effectiveness of Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) for Teaching Students To Read English.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Richard A.

    In a review of research on computer assisted instruction (CAI) related to reading, evidence collected provides tentative conclusions about CAI effectiveness. CAI was effective as an instructional medium in the surveyed studies. In a number of instances, CAI groups achieved higher scores than the control groups. Some studies indicated that CAI…

  9. The Effects of Text Structure Instruction on Expository Reading Comprehension: A Meta-Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hebert, Michael; Bohaty, Janet J.; Nelson, J. Ron; Brown, Jessica

    2016-01-01

    In this meta-analysis of 45 studies involving students in Grades 2-12, the authors present evidence on the effects of text structure instruction on the expository reading comprehension of students. The meta-analysis was deigned to answer 2 sets of questions. The first set of questions examined the effectiveness of text structure instruction on…

  10. The Effects of Note-Taking Skills Instruction on Elementary Students' Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chang, Wan-Chen; Ku, Yu-Min

    2015-01-01

    The authors investigated the effects of a 5-week note-taking skills instructional program on note-taking and reading comprehension performance of elementary students. The participants included 349 fourth-grade students from 2 elementary schools in Taiwan. The Note-Taking Instruction group received approximately 40 min of note-taking skills…

  11. Comparing the Use of Computers with Traditional Print in Reading Instruction: What the Research Says.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tzung-yu, Cheng

    Studies comparing computer-assisted instruction with traditional print were reviewed in order to determine what researchers have discovered about using computers in reading. The research findings were then compared and integrated through using the following five categories: interaction, attitude, instructional control, time on task, and…

  12. Revisiting Read-Aloud: Instructional Strategies that Encourage Students' Engagement with Texts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrison, Vanessa; Wlodarczyk, Lisa

    2009-01-01

    This article discusses the importance of comprehension strategy instruction in the early grades. It explains how one teacher integrated Alphaboxes, making connections, and the discussion web as part of her read aloud instructional practice. The article argues that, through careful planning, higher order thinking strategies can be modified for…

  13. Crossing the Borders Again: Challenges in Comparing Quality Instruction in Mathematics and Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graeber, Anna O.; Newton, Kristie J.; Chambliss, Marylin J.

    2012-01-01

    Context: Although many studies have looked at the teaching of mathematics or at the teaching of reading, few have looked at teaching in both subjects and attempted to discuss characteristics of quality instruction across these two domains. In this article, we reflect on our attempts to do so. We focus on one aspect of instruction, the extent of…

  14. Moving beyond Legislation to Create and Sustain Intentionality in Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Putman, S. Michael; Smith, Lawrence L.; Cassady, Jerrell C.

    2009-01-01

    Current legislation has exerted tremendous influence on the instructional methods used by reading teachers. Historically, however, neither mandated curriculum nor forced change has proven consistently successful in helping sustain long-term change in teachers' instructional practices or student achievement gains. Using theories of motivation and…

  15. Instructional Effectiveness of a Computer-Supported Program for Teaching Reading Comprehension Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ponce, Hector R.; Lopez, Mario J.; Mayer, Richard E.

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the effectiveness of a computer-based instructional program (e-PELS) aimed at direct instruction in a collection of reading comprehension strategies. In e-PELS, students learn to highlight and outline expository passages based on various types of text structures (such as comparison or cause-and-effect) as well as to…

  16. A Multi-State Study Examining the Impact of Explicit Reading Instruction with Incarcerated Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houchins, David E.; Jolivette, Kristine; Krezmien, Mike P.; Baltodano, Heather M.

    2008-01-01

    This randomized pretest/posttest group study examined the impact of explicit instruction in decoding, comprehension, and fluency on the reading achievement of incarcerated students from facilities in a southwestern (SW) state, a southeastern (SE) state, and a mid-Atlantic (MA) state. Comparisons were made between instruction comprised of higher…

  17. How Can We Assess Computer-Assisted Reading and Writing Instruction?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krauthamer, Helene

    This paper addresses the lack of evaluative resources for computer-assisted reading and writing instruction (CARWI). It begins by discussing the benefits, drawbacks, and effectiveness of computer-based instruction. It then describes types of CARWI packages, including: (1) writing process software; (2) electronic handbooks; (3) interactive…

  18. Resources and instructional strategies effective middle school science teachers use to improve content area reading skills

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beaver, Melanie S.

    This study examined the resources and instructional strategies effective middle school science teachers use to improve content area reading skills. Reading instruction in the middle school years should follow the natural cognitive progression that occurs in the adolescent brain from learning to read to reading to learn. Scientific reading is a different type of reading than most middle school students are accustomed to. It is important to understand that students will continue to be expected to read non-fiction critically for success in the 21st century. Effective teachers know this, and they perceive themselves as teachers of reading regardless of the content area in which their expertise lies. This qualitative research study was conducted at a rural middle school with three science teachers who employ before, during, and after literacy strategies when reading the textbook content with their students. The methodologies used in this study were interviews, observations, and document collection. The results of this study revealed the students' reading difficulties perceived by the teacher participants, the literacy strategies used by the teacher participants, the instructional resources the teacher participants used to improve comprehension, and the need for professional development in content area literacy.

  19. Characterizing Teacher Feedback to Student Miscues during Oral Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffman, James V.; Baker, Christopher

    1981-01-01

    Describes the feedback to oral reading miscue analysis system (FORMAS), a systematic procedure for teachers to use in examining the characteristics and effects of their own feedback to students' oral reading miscues. (FL)

  20. Study of Teacher Preparation in Early Reading Instruction. NCEE 2010-4036

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salinger, Terry; Mueller, Lorin; Song, Mengli; Jin, Ying; Zmach, Courtney; Toplitz, Michele; Partridge, Mark; Bickford, Adam

    2010-01-01

    A component of the "No Child Left Behind" Act (NCLB) (PL 107-110) is its emphasis on the importance of systematic and explicit instruction in early reading using practices that are grounded in scientific research. The Reading First legislation (Title I, Part B, Subpart 1) within NCLB is designed to support state and local education agencies so…

  1. The Development of Early Academic Success: The Impact of Direct Instruction's "Reading Mastery"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stockard, Jean; Engelmann, Kurt

    2010-01-01

    Data from two different sites were used to examine how exposure to a highly academic curriculum is related to growth in beginning literacy and early reading skills from kindergarten through the end of third grade. In one site students in one school used the Direct Instruction (DI) program, "Reading Mastery (RM)", from kindergarten through grade 3,…

  2. Supplemental Reading Strategy Instruction for Adolescents: A Randomized Trial and Follow-up Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cantrell, Susan Chambers; Almasi, Janice F.; Rintamaa, Margaret; Carter, Janis C.

    2016-01-01

    In this study, the authors examine the impact of a yearlong supplemental reading course involving daily instruction in the learning strategies curriculum on lower achieving adolescent students' reading achievement and motivation. Using a multiple-cohort randomized treatment-control group design over 4 years, they compared achievement and…

  3. Reading Instruction for Talented Readers: Case Studies Documenting Few Opportunities for Continuous Progress

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reis, Sally M.; Gubbins, E. Jean; Briggs, Christine; Schreiber, Fredric J.; Richards, Susannah; Jacobs, Joan; Eckert, Rebecca D.; Renzulli, Joseph S.; Alexander, Margaret

    2003-01-01

    In this research study, the type and nature of reading instruction provided for talented readers was investigated through use of in-depth qualitative comparative case studies. A team of researchers conducted multiple observations in 12 different third and seventh grade reading classrooms in both urban and suburban school districts over a 9-month…

  4. Reading Instruction for Talented Readers: Case Studies Documenting Few Opportunities for Continuous Progress

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reis, Sally M.; Gubbins, E. Jean; Briggs, Christine J.; Schreiber, Fredric J.; Richards, Susannah; Jacobs, Joan K.; Eckert, Rebecca D.; Renzulli, Joseph S.

    2004-01-01

    In this study, a team of researchers conducted multiple observations in 12 third- and seventh-grade reading classrooms in both urban and suburban school districts over a 9-month period. These observations focused on whether talented readers received differentiated reading curriculum and or instructional strategies. Talented readers were defined as…

  5. Supplemental Instruction in Early Reading: Does It Matter for Struggling Readers?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McIntyre, Ellen; Petrosko, Joe; Jones, Deneese; Powell, Rebecca; Powers, Sherry; Newsome, Faye; Bright, Kelly

    2005-01-01

    In this article, the authors examined the effects of 1 year of supplemental instruction on first-grade children considered struggling readers on their phonics and reading comprehension achievement, along with second-grade children considered struggling readers on their reading comprehension achievement. This study included 196 children in 17…

  6. Untangling Reading Comprehension Strategy Instruction: Assisting Struggling Readers in the Primary Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mahdavi, Jennifer N.; Tensfeldt, Lael

    2013-01-01

    Although early reading instruction focuses on phonemic awareness and the alphabetic principle, research indicates that reading comprehension strategies can be effectively taught to young students. Peer-reviewed studies that employed experimental or quasi-experimental designs and included children between the ages of five and nine, some of whom had…

  7. Teachers' Basic Knowledge of Reading Instruction: Insights from a Teacher Preparation Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berkeley, Sheri; Regan, Kelley; Dimitrov, Dimiter; Guckert, Mary; Ray, Sharon

    2016-01-01

    Effective reading instruction is essential for all students, and especially students with disabilities; however, studies have indicated that both pre-service and in-service teachers lack an adequate knowledge of reading. To ensure adequate teacher knowledge, teacher preparation reform advocates suggest purposeful alignment of teacher preparation…

  8. Attributes of Effective and Efficient Kindergarten Reading Intervention: An Examination of Instructional Time and Design Specificity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simmons, Deborah C.; Kame'enui, Edward J.; Harn, Beth; Coyne, Michael D.; Stoolmiller, Mike; Santoro, Lana Edwards; Smith, Sylvia B.; Beck, Carrie Thomas; Kaufman, Noah K.

    2007-01-01

    A randomized experimental design with three levels of intervention was used to compare the effects of beginning reading interventions on early phonemic, decoding, and spelling outcomes of 96 kindergartners identified as at risk for reading difficulty. The three instructional interventions varied systematically along two dimensions--time and design…

  9. The Effect of Explicit Instruction on Strategic Reading in a Literacy Methods Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iwai, Yuko

    2016-01-01

    This study examined the impact of explicit instruction on metacognitive reading strategies among 18 K-8 teacher candidates in a literacy methods course. They received weekly explicit intervention about these strategies over one semester. Collected data included pre- and post-scores of the Metacognitive Awareness of Reading Strategies Inventory…

  10. Predicting First-Grade Reading Performance from Kindergarten Response to Tier 1 Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Folsom, Jessica S.; Schatschneider, Christopher; Wanzek, Jeanne; Greulich, Luana; Meadows, Jane; Li, Zhi; Connor, Carol M.

    2011-01-01

    Many schools are implementing multitier response-to-intervention (RTI) models to reduce reading difficulties. This study was part of our larger ongoing longitudinal RTI investigation within the Florida Learning Disabilities Center grant and was conducted in 7 ethnically and socioeconomically diverse schools. We observed reading instruction in 20…

  11. Ability Grouping for Elementary Reading Instruction and Its Relationship to the Balanced Literacy Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strech, Lorie L.

    This paper discusses implications of ability grouping in elementary reading instruction according to current research, and how such research can be applied to the classroom practice of "guided reading" within a balanced literacy program. The paper suggests that the "balanced literacy" approach from New Zealand is basically the same as whole…

  12. Applying Research in Reading Comprehension to Social Studies Instruction for Middle and High School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, Elizabeth; Wanzek, Jeanne

    2014-01-01

    Secondary-level content area teachers face unique challenges in helping their students successfully read, understand, and learn content from complex texts in their discipline. In this article, a set of research-based practices designed to provide effective and feasible instruction to improve students' reading and comprehension of text and…

  13. Operation Storefront. A Computer-Assisted Instruction Component of the Reading Assistance Program (RAP).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pasco County District School Board, Land O'Lakes, FL.

    This document contains teacher's materials that accompany Operation Storefront, the computer-assisted instruction package used in the Reading Assistance Program (RAP) that serves nonreading adults in Pasco County, Florida, who are 16 years or older and not in school. The target population for Operation Storefront is adults reading at or below the…

  14. Effects of Targeted Reading Instruction on Phonological Awareness and Phonic Decoding in Children with Down Syndrome

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cologon, Kathy; Cupples, Linda; Wyver, Shirley

    2011-01-01

    This research evaluated the effectiveness of reading instruction targeting oral reading and phonological awareness for children with Down syndrome (affecting chromosome 21). The participants were 7 children ranging in age from 2 years, 11 months to 10 years, 8 months. Each child acted as his/her own control, with assessments of language,…

  15. Long-Term Effects of Strategic Reading Instruction in the Intermediate Elementary Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Droop, Mienke; van Elsäcker, Willy; Voeten, Marinus J. M.; Verhoeven, Ludo

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of a program that offered sustained strategic reading instruction on reading abilities of third and fourth graders. The study was conducted among 1,469 children from 40 schools in the Netherlands. Schools were randomly assigned to either the experimental or control group. Multilevel…

  16. Secondary Preservice Teachers Remember Their Favorite Reading Experiences: Insights and Implications for Content Area Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daisey, Peggy

    2010-01-01

    Teacher educators need to identify course pedagogy to improve instructional use of reading. Thus, the purpose of this study was to describe the favorite reading experiences of 82 secondary preservice teachers of diverse subject areas through their drawings and words. Another purpose was to report their reflections regarding the implications of…

  17. An Examination of Preschool Teachers' Shared Book Reading Practices in Spanish: Before and after Instructional Guidance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pollard-Durodola, Sharolyn D.; Gonzalez, Jorge E.; Simmons, Deborah C.; Taylor, Aaron B.; Davis, Matthew J.; Simmons, Leslie; Nava-Walichowski, Miranda

    2012-01-01

    Shared book reading is a prominent practice in preschools; however, limited research has examined this practice in classrooms with English language learners (ELLs). This study investigated the shared book reading practices of seven preschool teachers of Spanish-speaking ELLs to describe their vocabulary instructional practices before and after…

  18. Critical Issues in Reading Instruction Among Black Teachers and Students: Personnel and Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vick, Marian Lee

    Research studies agree that the teacher, above any other factor, is the key to successful reading instruction. Therefore, in order to improve reading achievement of pupils in any ethnic group, one should look first at the teacher, paraprofessional, tutor or volunteer and his training. New developments such as microteaching, self-analysis of one's…

  19. Assessment and Early Instruction of Preschool Children at Risk for Reading Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hindson, Barbara; Byrne, Brian; Fielding-Barnsley, Ruth; Newman, Cara; Hine, Donald W.; Shankweiler, Donald

    2005-01-01

    Preschool children at familial risk for reading disability were assessed on cognitive and linguistic variables and compared with preschoolers without familial risk. Risk children displayed performance profiles resembling those of older children with reading disability. Each group received intensive instruction in phonemic awareness and structured…

  20. Improving Teacher Effectiveness in Reading Instruction through the Use of Behavior Modification.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rupley, William H.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of a behavior modification method for remediation of reading skills with ten primary grade students enrolled in a sixteen week program. Ten elementary school teachers enrolled in a graduate diagnostic and remedial reading course received eight hours of instruction, including the collection…

  1. The Conditions of Beginning Reading Instruction for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spector, Janet E.; Cavanaugh, Brian J.

    2015-01-01

    A disproportionate number of students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are below grade level in reading. This trend may be due in part to characteristics of the disability, but it may also reflect lack of access to the instructional conditions needed for success in beginning reading. In this study, we surveyed special education teachers to…

  2. Distinguished Educators on Reading: Contributions That Have Shaped Effective Literacy Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Padak, Nancy D., Ed.; Rasinski, Timothy V., Ed.; Peck, Jacqueline K., Ed.; Church, Brenda Weible, Ed.; Fawcett, Gay, Ed.; Hendershot, Judith M., Ed.; Henry, Justina M., Ed.; Moss, Barbara G., Ed.; Pryor, Elizabeth, Ed.; Roskos, Kathleen A., Ed.; Baumann, James F., Ed.; Dillon, Deborah R., Ed.; Hopkins, Carol J., Ed.; Humphrey, Jack W., Ed.; O'Brien, David G., Ed.

    Drawing from the popular "Distinguished Educator" series of articles in the journal "The Reading Teacher," this book presents 33 essays by respected scholars in nearly every field of reading research and instruction. In addition to the original articles, almost all featured educators have included a professional biography written especially for…

  3. Reading Comprehension Instruction in Irish Primary Classrooms: Key Insights into Teachers' Perspectives on Classroom Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Concannon-Gibney, Tara; Murphy, Brian

    2012-01-01

    Despite a wealth of international research indicating the importance but also the dearth of explicit reading comprehension instruction in classrooms, current classroom reading pedagogy does not appear to have acknowledged and addressed this shortcoming to any significant degree. This is cause for some considerable concern, as today's students…

  4. Effective Reading Instruction for Struggling Readers: The Role of Direct/Explicit Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rupley, William H.; Blair, Timothy R.; Nichols, William D.

    2009-01-01

    Struggling readers are more likely to learn essential reading skills and strategies if the direct or explicit model of instruction is part of the teacher's repertoire of teaching methods. Directly/explicitly teaching reading means imparting new information to students through meaningful teacher-student interactions and teacher guidance of student…

  5. The Relations among Summarizing Instruction, Support for Student Choice, Reading Engagement and Expository Text Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Littlefield, Amy Root

    2011-01-01

    Research on early adolescence reveals significant declines in intrinsic motivation for reading and points out the need for metacognitive strategy use among middle school students. Research indicates that explicit instruction involving motivation and metacognitive support for reading strategy use in the context of a discipline is an efficient and…

  6. Comprehension from the Ground Up: Simplified, Sensible Instruction for the K-3 Reading Workshop

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taberski, Sharon

    2010-01-01

    The author cuts through the pressurized, strategy-overloaded, fluency-crazed atmosphere surrounding reading instruction to lay out the reading and writing workshop practices that are most effective in developing readers in the primary grades. She shares the daily how-tos needed to sustain a literacy block that engages children in authentic reading…

  7. Introducing Intertextuality-Aware Instruction as a Novel Approach of Teaching Reading Passages in EFL Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khaghaninejad, Mohammad Saber

    2014-01-01

    This study was an attempt to investigate the possible effect of intertextuality-aware instruction of reading passages on a sample of intermediate EFL learners of both genders. First, the intertextuality deployed through the reading passages of the study's course-book was focused inspired by Fairclough's (192) framework in terms of genre,…

  8. Replicating the Impact of a Supplemental Beginning Reading Intervention: The Role of Instructional Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coyne, Michael D.; Little, Mary; Rawlinson, D'Ann; Simmons, Deborah; Kwok, Oi-man; Kim, Minjun; Simmons, Leslie; Hagan-Burke, Shanna; Civetelli, Christina

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this varied replication study was to evaluate the effects of a supplemental reading intervention on the beginning reading performance of kindergarten students in a different geographical location and in a different instructional context from the initial randomized trial. A second purpose was to investigate whether students who…

  9. Reading Comprehension Strategy Instruction and Attribution Retraining for Secondary Students with Learning and Other Mild Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berkeley, Sheri; Mastropieri, Margo A.; Scruggs, Thomas E.

    2011-01-01

    A pre-post experimental design with 6-week delayed posttest was implemented to investigate the effects of reading comprehension strategy (RCS) instruction with and without attribution retraining (AR) on reading outcomes for seventh, eighth, and ninth graders with learning and other mild disabilities. Students were randomly assigned to one of three…

  10. Teaching the reading of connected text through sight-word instruction to students with moderate intellectual disabilities.

    PubMed

    Alberto, Paul A; Waugh, Rebecca E; Fredrick, Laura D

    2010-01-01

    Sight-word instruction is the most common method of reading instruction for students with Moderate Intellectual Disabilities reported in the research literature. The purpose of this study was to go beyond instruction of single word units to instruction of multiple-word phrases. This study demonstrated the instruction of reading and comprehending individual words and connected text through the use of simultaneous prompting. Instruction progressed through a series of phases which systematically introduced various parts of speech and combinations of parts of speech. Following acquisition, students demonstrated generalization across connected text found in community environments and leisure-reading materials. PMID:20630703

  11. Understanding the "Why" behind the "How" in Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Lisa; Fiene, Judy; Young, Mary Jo; Meyer, Debra K.

    2008-01-01

    One of the most critical pedagogical areas for student success is reading development and the use of reading to learn in the content areas. Teachers' knowledge and the materials, methods, and strategies employed are essential factors in students' abilities to read. In their inquiry study, the authors examined the congruence between the content of…

  12. Independent Activities for Accelerated Students: Individualized Reading Instruction for Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rapides Parish School Board, Alexandria, LAa.

    The teaching guide for use with accelerated elementary school students contains suggestions for independent reading activities, a list of independent reading books for beginning readers, and suggestions for creative activities. Stressed is the value of sharing enthusiasm about books to spur independent reading. Suggestions are given for talking…

  13. Computer-Based Instruction in Reading: Grades K-3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fletcher, John D.; Atkinson, R. C.

    A lengthy and detailed description is given of a computer-based curriculum for initial reading, with emphasis on reading as decoding. The initial curriculum, prepared for a school in Cupertino, California, was closely linked to the three basal reading texts then being used in the district's primary classrooms and was programed as three separate…

  14. Writing Instruction and Standardized Reading Scores among Secondary Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feldman, Donna

    2010-01-01

    The reading scores on the "Nation's Report Card for 2007" indicate that not all children share the same proficiency in literacy. Reading and writing require the use of similar cognitive processes, yet few studies focus on this relationship or how writing can be a tool for reading remediation. The research questions in this study addressed the…

  15. Reading Habits of Elderly Adults: Implications for Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scales, Alice M.; Biggs, Shirley A.

    1987-01-01

    Elderly adults responded to the Survey of Elderly Reading Attitudes instrument. Most felt they had time to read, more married than single subjects reported buying magazines and daily newspapers, and more females than males reported reading advertisements without difficulty. (Author/KS)

  16. An Observation Study of Reading Instruction Provided to Elementary Students with Learning Disabilities in the Resource Room

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, Elizabeth A.; Vaughn, Sharon

    2010-01-01

    This study documents the amount and quality of reading instruction provided to second- through fifth-grade students with learning disabilities provided resource-room services. Reading instruction provided by 10 special education resource-room teachers was observed. Findings reveal that teachers and students were on task during instructional time…

  17. A STUDY OF APPROACHES TO FIRST-GRADE ENGLISH READING INSTRUCTION FOR CHILDREN FROM SPANISH-SPEAKING HOMES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MCCANNE, ROY

    COMPARISONS WERE MADE AMONG THREE APPROACHES TO DEVELOPING ENGLISH ARTS SKILLS, PARTICULARLY IN READING, WITH FIRST-GRADE CHILDREN FROM SPANISH-SPEAKING HOMES. PARTICIPATING CHILDREN WERE RANDOMLY GIVEN ONE OF THREE INSTRUCTIONAL TREATMENTS FOR ENGLISH-READING--(1) BASAL READING, (2) SECOND LANGUAGE READING, AND (3) LANGUAGE-EXPERIENCE READING. IT…

  18. Is Computer-Aided Instruction an Effective Tier-One Intervention for Kindergarten Students at Risk for Reading Failure in an Applied Setting?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kreskey, Donna DeVaughn; Truscott, Stephen D.

    2016-01-01

    This study investigated the use of computer-aided instruction (CAI) as an intervention for kindergarten students at risk for reading failure. Headsprout Early Reading (Headsprout 2005), a type of CAI, provides internet-based, reading instruction incorporating the critical components of reading instruction cited by the National Reading Panel (NRP…

  19. Manipulating Instructions Strategically Affects Reliance on the Ventral-Lexical Reading Stream: Converging Evidence from Neuroimaging and Reaction Time

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cummine, Jacqueline; Gould, Layla; Zhou, Crystal; Hrybouski, Stan; Siddiqi, Zohaib; Chouinard, Brea; Borowsky, Ron

    2013-01-01

    Neurobiology of reading research has yet to explore whether reliance on the ventral-lexical stream during word reading can be enhanced by the instructed reading strategy, or whether it is impervious to such strategies. We examined Instructions: "name all" vs. "name words" (based on spelling), Word Type: "regular words" vs. "exception words", and…

  20. Vocabulary Word Instruction for Students Who Read Braille

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savaiano, Mackenzie E.; Compton, Donald L.; Hatton, Deborah D.; Lloyd, Blair P.

    2016-01-01

    The association made between the meaning, spelling, and pronunciation of a word has been shown to help children remember the meanings of words. The present study addressed whether the presence of a target word in Braille during instruction facilitated vocabulary learning more efficiently than an auditory-only instructional condition. The authors…

  1. Making Assessment Matter: Using Test Results to Differentiate Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lesaux, Nonie K.; Marietta, Sky H.

    2011-01-01

    All too often, literacy assessments are given only for accountability purposes and fail to be seen as valuable resources for planning and differentiating instruction. This clear, concise book shows K-5 educators how to implement a comprehensive, balanced assessment battery that integrates accountability concerns with data-driven instruction.…

  2. Does Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction Increase Motivation, Strategies, and Conceptual Learning? Reading Research Report No. 66.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guthrie, John T.; And Others

    The aims of concept-oriented reading instruction (CORI) are to increase motivation, strategies, and conceptual learning. To attain these aims, CORI classrooms are: conceptually oriented, observational, collaborative, and personalized, emphasizing strategies of searching, comprehending, integrating, and composing for audiences of peers. Two…

  3. Intensive Instruction Affects Brain Magnetic Activity Associated with Oral Word Reading in Children with Persistent Reading Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simos, Panagiotis G.; Fletcher, Jack M.; Sarkari, Shirin; Billingsley-Marshall, Rebecca; Denton, Carolyn A.; Papanicolaou, Andrew C.

    2007-01-01

    Fifteen children ages 7 to 9 years who had persistent reading difficulties despite adequate instruction were provided with intensive tutorial interventions. The interventions targeted deficient phonological processing and decoding skills for 8 weeks (2 hours per day) followed by an 8-week, 1-hour-per-day intervention that focused on the…

  4. Concepts of Reading Comprehension and Their Representation in Current Secondary Reading Professional Textbooks, Instructional Materials and Tests.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harker, W. John

    A search of experimental and theoretical literature and an analysis of professional textbooks, instructional materials, and published tests were carried out in order to (1) determine current concepts of reading comprehension deriving from experimental investigations, verbal statements, and models and (2) establish the extent to which these…

  5. The Effects of Explicit Reading Strategy Instruction and Cooperative Learning on Reading Comprehension in Fourth Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lencioni, Gina M.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of explicit direct instruction and cooperative learning on reading comprehension in fourth grade students. A quasi-experimental design was used. There were six cognitive and three affective measures used to collect quantitative data. Cognitive measures included California State Test scores,…

  6. The Effects of Meta-Cognitive Instruction on Students' Reading Comprehension in Computerized Reading Contexts: A Quantitative Meta-Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lan, Yi-Chin; Lo, Yu-Ling; Hsu, Ying-Shao

    2014-01-01

    Comprehension is the essence of reading. Finding appropriate and effective reading strategies to support students' reading comprehension has always been a critical issue for educators. This article presents findings from a meta-analysis of 17 studies of metacognitive strategy instruction on students' reading comprehension in computerized…

  7. The benefit of assessment-based language and reading instruction: perspectives from a case study.

    PubMed

    Corcoran Nielsen, Diane; Luetke-Stahlman, Barbara

    2002-01-01

    We present a case study of the language and literacy development of a deaf child, Marcy, from preschool through sixth grade. The purpose of the project was to examine the connection between language and reading and to provide insight into the relationships between them. To compile the case study, we analyzed data from nine years of follow-up, including listening, speech articulation, semantic, syntactic, reading, and writing information drawn from a number of informal and formal assessments. Annual evaluation of language and literacy skills was used to select educational placements, as well as instructional methods, strategies, and materials. Given that Marcy began school at 4 years of age, mute and without expressive language of any form (oral or sign), it may at first appear remarkable that she read narrative and expository text as did her hearing peers by sixth grade, because a substantial body of research shows that most deaf students read at the fourth-grade level by high school graduation (review by Paul, 1998). However, those responsible for Marcy's education prevented reading failure by carefully planning, instituting, and monitoring elements of language and literacy instruction. We present Marcy's progress and instruction by grade level and discuss it within the framework of phases/stages of reading development. We hope that the resulting case study may serve as an example of the language-reading connection, an awareness important not only for the literacy instruction of deaf and language-challenged children but for hearing students as well.

  8. Modeling the Relationships Among Reading Instruction, Motivation, Engagement, and Achievement for Adolescents

    PubMed Central

    Guthrie, John T.; Klauda, Susan Lutz; Ho, Amy N.

    2015-01-01

    This study modeled the interrelationships of reading instruction, motivation, engagement, and achievement in two contexts, employing data from 1,159 seventh graders. In the traditional reading/language arts (R/LA) context, all students participated in traditional R/LA instruction. In the intervention R/LA context, 854 students from the full sample received Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI) while the remainder continued to receive traditional R/LA. CORI emphasizes support for reading motivation, reading engagement, and cognitive strategies for reading informational text. Seven motivation constructs were included: four motivations that are usually positively associated with achievement (intrinsic motivation, self-efficacy, valuing, and prosocial goals) and three motivations that are usually negatively associated with achievement (perceived difficulty, devaluing, and antisocial goals). Reading engagement was also represented by positive and negative constructs, namely dedication to and avoidance of reading. Gender, ethnicity, and income were statistically controlled in all analyses. In the traditional R/LA context, a total network model prevailed, in which motivation was associated with achievement both directly and indirectly through engagement. In contrast, in the intervention R/LA context, a dual-effects model prevailed, in which engagement and achievement were separate outcomes of instruction and motivation. The intervention R/LA context analyses revealed that CORI was associated with positive changes in motivation, engagement, and achievement relative to traditional R/LA instruction. The discussion explains why there were different relations in the two instructional contexts and demonstrates the importance of simultaneously examining both positive (affirming) and negative (undermining) forms of motivation and engagement. PMID:26412903

  9. Studying Reading Instruction with Teacher Logs: Lessons from the Study of Instructional Improvement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowan, Brian; Correnti, Richard

    2009-01-01

    This article describes some of the conceptual and methodological issues that arise when researchers use teacher logs to measure classroom instruction. Data and examples come from the Study of Instructional Improvement, which used teacher logs to study patterns of literacy instruction in schools implementing three comprehensive school reforms. Over…

  10. Using an Informal Reading Inventory to Differentiate Instruction: Case Studies of Three Deaf Learners.

    PubMed

    Trezek, Beverly J; Mayer, Connie

    2015-01-01

    The present study examined the efficacy of using an informal reading inventory to assess literacy levels in elementary-age deaf students, grades 3-5: the period when the gap between deaf and hearing learners often begins to widen, and the need to identify and remediate specific skill deficits becomes increasingly imperative. Emphasis was placed on exploring how results of a formative assessment can inform instruction across a variety of literacy skills (e.g., word identification, reading accuracy, reading fluency, reading comprehension, writing) and among a broad range of learners. A case study approach is used to present in-depth overviews of the performance profiles of three students; also, instructional implications of the findings are discussed. The results illustrate how an informal reading inventory can be used to design interventions that are differentiated and targeted based on identified needs in both the code- and language-related domains of literacy skill development. PMID:26320751

  11. Using an Informal Reading Inventory to Differentiate Instruction: Case Studies of Three Deaf Learners.

    PubMed

    Trezek, Beverly J; Mayer, Connie

    2015-01-01

    The present study examined the efficacy of using an informal reading inventory to assess literacy levels in elementary-age deaf students, grades 3-5: the period when the gap between deaf and hearing learners often begins to widen, and the need to identify and remediate specific skill deficits becomes increasingly imperative. Emphasis was placed on exploring how results of a formative assessment can inform instruction across a variety of literacy skills (e.g., word identification, reading accuracy, reading fluency, reading comprehension, writing) and among a broad range of learners. A case study approach is used to present in-depth overviews of the performance profiles of three students; also, instructional implications of the findings are discussed. The results illustrate how an informal reading inventory can be used to design interventions that are differentiated and targeted based on identified needs in both the code- and language-related domains of literacy skill development.

  12. High School Science Teachers' Perceptions of Teaching Content-Related Reading Comprehension Instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Williams, Theresa

    In order to achieve academic success, students must be able to comprehend written material in content-area textbooks. However, a large number of high school students struggle to comprehend science content. Research findings have demonstrated that students make measurable gains in comprehending content-area textbooks when provided quality reading comprehension instruction. The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of how high school science teachers perceived their responsibility to provide content-related comprehension instruction and 10 high school science teachers were interviewed for this study. Data analysis consisted of open, axial, and selective coding. The findings revealed that 8 out of the 10 participants believed that it is their responsibility to provide reading comprehension. However, the findings also revealed that the participants provided varying levels of reading comprehension instruction as an integral part of their science instruction. The potential for positive social change could be achieved by teachers and administrators. Teachers may use the findings to reflect upon their own personal feelings and beliefs about providing explicit reading comprehension. In addition to teachers' commitment to reading comprehension instruction, administrators could deliberate about professional development opportunities that might improve necessary skills, eventually leading to better comprehension skills for students and success in their education.

  13. Computer Assisted Reading Instruction: New Tools for New Experiences.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sponder, Barry

    A Language Experience Approach (LEA) to reading is based on the premise that a child's thinking naturally leads to talking, writing, and eventually reading. Information technologies offer powerful support for learning, but teachers and parents must learn to use these technologies effectively. Three types of computer applications that are…

  14. Online Reading Informs Classroom Instruction and Promotes Collaborative Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, L. Kate; Zyto, Sacha; Karger, David R.; Newman, Dina L.

    2013-01-01

    Web-based collaborative annotation tools can facilitate communication among students and their instructors through online reading and communication. Collaborative reading fosters peer interaction and is an innovative way to facilitate discussion and participation in larger enrollment courses. It can be especially powerful as it creates an…

  15. Interdisciplinary Instructional Reading Strategies: An Applied Application for Business Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Polkinghorne, Frederick W.; Bland, Zinna L.

    2011-01-01

    The contemporary workforce requires technical and reading skills (Shanahan & Shanahan, 2008; The Conference Board, Corporate Voices for Working Families, Partnership for 21st Century Skills, Society of Human Resource Management, 2006). Technical skills allow workers to perform specific workforce tasks, while reading skills are generally needed by…

  16. Reading Instructional Management System (RIMS), Citrus Heights, California.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    San Juan Unified School District, Carmichael, CA.

    This program, included in "Effective Reading Programs...," serves an unselected cross section fo 793 students in K-6. The program is designed to provide classroom teachers with information about the needs and progress of each student in order to enable teachers to diagnose reading problems and prescribe activities to correct them. The major…

  17. A Mixed Methods Study of Special Education Teachers' Knowledge of Reading Instruction and Perceptions Concerning Their Preparation to Teach Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blakeslee, Cynthia Darden

    2012-01-01

    Significant changes in requirements for reading instruction and special education teacher preparation have occurred in recent years due to provisions found in the No Child Left Behind legislation of 2001 and the 2004 Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act. This study examined the preparation for reading instruction that…

  18. Computerized Silent Reading Rate and Strategy Instruction for Fourth Graders at Risk in Silent Reading Rate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Niedo, Jasmin; Lee, Yen-Ling; Breznitz, Zvia; Berninger, Virginia W.

    2014-01-01

    Fourth graders whose silent word reading and/or sentence reading rate was, on average, two-thirds standard deviation below their oral reading of real and pseudowords and reading comprehension accuracy were randomly assigned to treatment ("n" = 7) or wait-listed ("n" = 7) control groups. Following nine sessions combining…

  19. Read buffer optimizations to support compiler-assisted multiple instruction retry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Alewine, N. J.; Fuchs, W. K.; Hwu, W. M.

    1993-01-01

    Multiple instruction retry is a recovery mechanism for transient processor faults. We previously developed a compiler-assisted approach to multiple instruction ferry in which a read buffer of size 2N (where N represents the maximum instruction rollback distance) was used to resolve some data hazards while the compiler resolved the remaining hazards. The compiler-assisted scheme was shown to reduce the performance overhead and/or hardware complexity normally associated with hardware-only retry schemes. This paper examines the size and design of the read buffer. We establish a practical lower bound and average size requirement for the read buffer by modifying the scheme to save only the data required for rollback. The study measures the effect on the performance of a DECstation 3100 running ten application programs using six read buffer configurations with varying read buffer sizes. Two alternative configurations are shown to be the most efficient and differed depending on whether split-cycle-saves are assumed. Up to a 55 percent read buffer size reduction is achievable with an average reduction of 39 percent given the most efficient read buffer configuration and a variety of applications.

  20. Use of Library Readings to Augment Conventional Geology Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nold, John Lloyd

    1989-01-01

    Examples of sets of questions on library readings designed to lead students into articles and emphasize important information and associated literature are presented for introductory geology courses, historical geology, structural geology, mineralogy, and petrology. (Author/CW)

  1. Matching Literacy Profiles with Instruction for Students on the Spectrum: Making Reading Instruction Meaningful

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnahan, Christina R.; Williamson, Pamela; Haydon, Todd

    2009-01-01

    The term "literacy" is often used synonymously with reading and writing. However, literacy entails more than reading and writing. Literacy involves communicating with others and includes listening, viewing, following, and reading directions and interacting with friends and colleagues. The literacy skills and abilities are essential for all…

  2. Astrobiology explorer mission concepts (ABE/ASPIRE)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ennico, K. A.; Sandford, S. A.; ABE/ASPIRE Science Teams

    The AstroBiology Explorer (ABE) and the Astrobiology SPace InfraRed Explorer (ASPIRE) Mission Concepts are two missions designed to address the questions (1) "Where do we come from?" and (2) "Are we alone?" as outlined in NASA's Origins Program. Both concepts use infrared spectroscopy to explore the identity, abundance, and distribution of molecules of astrobiological importance throughout the Universe. The ABE mission's observational program is focused on investigating the evolution of ice and organics in all phases of the lifecycle of carbon in the universe, from stellar birth through stellar death and exogenous delivery of these compounds to planetary systems. The ASPIRE mission's observational program expands upon ABE's core mission and also addresses the role of silicates and gas-phase materials in interstellar organic chemistry. ABE (ASPIRE) achieves these goals using a highly sensitive, cryogenically-cooled telescope in an Earth drift-away heliocentric orbit, armed with a suite of infrared spectrometers that cover the 2.5-20 (40) micron spectral region at moderate spectral resolution ( R > 2000). ASPIRE's spectrometer complement also includes a high-resolution ( R > 25,000) module over the 4-8 micron spectral region. Both missions' target lists are chosen to observe a statistically significant sample of a large number of objects of varied types in support of the tasks outlined above. The ABE and ASPIRE mission lifetimes are designed to be 14 months and 3 years, respectively, both with significant cryogen and propellant lifetime margins to support an extended observing campaign. The ABE/ASPIRE Science Operations will be carried out at NASA's Ames Research Center, and the ABE/ASPIRE database will be archived at Caltech/IPAC.

  3. Acquiring reading and vocabulary in Dutch and English: the effect of concurrent instruction.

    PubMed

    van der Leij, Aryan; Bekebrede, Judith; Kotterink, Mieke

    2010-03-01

    To investigate the effect of concurrent instruction in Dutch and English on reading acquisition in both languages, 23 pupils were selected from a school with bilingual education, and 23 from a school with education in Dutch only. The pupils had a Dutch majority language background and were comparable with regard to social-economic status (SES). Reading and vocabulary were measured twice within an interval of 1 year in Grade 2 and 3. The bilingual group performed better on most English and some of the Dutch tests. Controlling for general variables and related skills, instruction in English contributed significantly to the prediction of L2 vocabulary and orthographic awareness at the second measurement. As expected, word reading fluency was easier to acquire in Dutch with its relatively transparent orthography in comparison to English with its deep orthography, but the skills intercorrelated highly. With regard to cross-linguistic transfer, orthographic knowledge and reading comprehension in Dutch were positively influenced by bilingual instruction, but there was no indication of generalization to orthographic awareness or knowledge of a language in which no instruction had been given (German). The results of the present study support the assumption that concurrent instruction in Dutch and English has positive effects on the acquisition of L2 English and L1 Dutch.

  4. What Research Has To Say about Reading Instruction. Third Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farstrup, Alan E., Ed.; Samuels, S. Jay, Ed.

    Maintaining a balance among theory, research, and effective classroom practice without presenting a formulaic view of good instruction or overly theoretical discussions in which practical applications of research findings are not adequately explored, the 17 chapters in this book capture the best evidence-based thinking of experienced researchers…

  5. Paradigm Shifts That Nurture Improved Middle School Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Podsiadlik, Edward

    2007-01-01

    In order to achieve middle school literacy success over time in an urban school district with a high poverty rate and a growing population of English language learners (ELLs), the Chicago Public School (CPS) System has adopted a pedagogical strategy that relies on instruction that is data-driven (formative and summative), standards-based…

  6. Using Metacognitive Assessments to Create Individualized Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Israel, Susan E.

    2007-01-01

    Today more than ever, educators are challenged to meet the literacy needs of all learners in increasingly diverse classrooms. To help them meet this challenge, author Susan E. Israel, shows how to use metacognitive assessments to adapt literacy instruction to elementary students' individual needs. This book supplies teachers with easy access to…

  7. Scaffolded Reading Instruction of Content-Area Texts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fisher, Douglas; Frey, Nancy

    2014-01-01

    In this column, we focus on increasing text complexity during scaffolded, small group instruction. We begin with a discussion about the need to adjust expectations for leveled texts for older readers and then focus on the ways in which teachers can accomplish this.

  8. Music Instruction and the Reading Achievement of Middle School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huber, Juanita J.

    2010-01-01

    Comparative analysis examined responses on a descriptive questionnaire from 267 students in grades 6, 7, and 8. The study compared duration of and participation in music instruction, types of musical instruments learned, and experience in musical ensembles to scores from the state English language arts assessment. Analysis of results included…

  9. Embedding Reading Comprehension Training in Content-Area Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Joanna P.; Stafford, K. Brooke; Lauer, Kristen D.; Hall, Kendra M.; Pollini, Simonne

    2009-01-01

    This study evaluated the effectiveness of comprehension training embedded in a program that taught science content to 2nd graders. The program included instruction about the structure of compare-contrast expository text, emphasizing clue words, generic questions, graphic organizers, and the close analysis of well-structured text exemplars. This…

  10. Modern Foreign Languages in High School: Pre-Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Connor, Patricia

    This teaching guide presents some of the rationale behind an audiolingual approach to prereading language instruction and some planning suggestions and teaching techniques appropriate to beginning classes at the secondary level. Major attention is given to techniques for mimicry-memorization, dialog practice, pattern drill, nonverbal cues, and…

  11. Effects of Fit between Teachers' Instructional Beliefs and Didactical Principles of Reading Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Behrmann, Lars; Souvignier, Elmar

    2015-01-01

    A strategy-based reading promotion program was implemented over a course of 8 months in 65 classes from grades 5 to 7 (student age M?=?11.2 years, SD?=?1.0). It was investigated whether teachers flexibly adapted their pedagogical content beliefs (PCBs) on the teaching of reading according to the instructional principles of the intervention.…

  12. Changing Conceptions of Reading: Literacy Learning Instruction. Seventh Yearbook of the American Reading Forum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lumpkin, Donavon, Ed.; And Others

    Articles in this yearbook contribute to a broad perspective of changing concepts of reading, each focusing attention on an area of major factors exercising current impact on reading and on the education of reading teachers. The articles and their authors are as follows: "Learning from Text" (T. Estes); "Untying the Gordian Knot" (W. Blanton and G.…

  13. Attributes of effective and efficient kindergarten reading intervention: an examination of instructional time and design specificity.

    PubMed

    Simmons, Deborah C; Kame'enui, Edward J; Harn, Beth; Coyne, Michael D; Stoolmiller, Mike; Santoro, Lana Edwards; Smith, Sylvia B; Beck, Carrie Thomas; Kaufman, Noah K

    2007-01-01

    A randomized experimental design with three levels of intervention was used to compare the effects of beginning reading interventions on early phonemic, decoding, and spelling outcomes of 96 kindergartners identified as at risk for reading difficulty. The three instructional interventions varied systematically along two dimensions--time and design of instruction specificity--and consisted of (a) 30 min with high design specificity (30/H), (b) 15 min with high design specificity plus 15 min of non-code-based instruction (15/H+15), and (c) a commercial comparison condition that reflected 30 min of moderate design specificity instruction (30/M). With the exception of the second 15 min of the 15/H+15 condition, all instruction focused on phonemic, alphabetic, and orthographic skills and strategies. Students were randomly assigned to one of the three interventions and received 108 thirty-minute sessions of small-group instruction as a supplement to their typical half-day kindergarten experience. Planned comparisons indicated findings of statistical and practical significance that varied according to measure and students' entry-level performance. The results are discussed in terms of the pedagogical precision needed to design and provide effective and efficient instruction for students who are most at risk.

  14. Improving Reading of Science Text for Secondary Students with Learning Disabilities: Effects of Text Reading, Vocabulary Learning, and Combined Approaches to Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seifert, Kathleen; Espin, Christine

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the effects of three types of reading interventions on the science text reading of secondary students with learning disabilities (LD). Twenty 10th-grade students with LD participated in the study. Using a within-subjects design, the relative effects of three different instructional approaches--text reading, vocabulary learning,…

  15. Predicting Word-Level Reading Fluency Outcomes in Three Contrastive Groups: Remedial and Computer-Assisted Remedial Reading Intervention, and Mainstream Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saine, Nina L.; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Ahonen, Timo; Tolvanen, Asko; Lyytinen, Heikki

    2010-01-01

    The aim of the longitudinal intervention study was to build a model of predictive values of reading fluency in three contrastive reading groups: remedial and computer-assisted remedial reading intervention, and mainstream instruction, to identify the most effective type of intervention for children with different profiles of compromised…

  16. Effects of An Integrated Format for Reading Instruction on the Comprehension and Word-Recognition Performance of Fourth- and Fifth-Grade Students Who Exhibit Severe Reading Problems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parmer, Lavada Jacumin; Thames, Dana G.; Kazelskis, Richard

    A study examined the effectiveness of an integrated language arts instructional format for teaching reading compared with the effectiveness of the typical traditional reading program. The study investigated the effectiveness of approaches that are representative of both viewpoints of the reading process (i.e., word recognition and the construction…

  17. Teaching Phonological Awareness and Metacognitive Strategies to Children with Reading Difficulties: A Comparison of Two Instructional Methods.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Judith; Jacobs, Barrie

    2003-01-01

    Describes an applied training study investigating the differential effect of two instructional methods on the reading performance of British primary school children with reading difficulties. Explains that children ages 7 to 10 (n=65) were separated into two groups: (1) based on different types of phonological awareness instruction, and (2) a…

  18. Pre-Service Teachers' Perceptions on Game Based Learning Scenarios in Primary Reading and Writing Instruction Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karadag, Ruhan

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to explore pre-service teachers' perceptions on the use of game-based learning in a Primary Reading and Writing Instruction Course. A mixed method research was used in the study. Participants were composed of a total of 189 pre-service teachers taking the Primary Reading and Writing Instruction course during the fall term…

  19. Assessment Data-Informed Guidance to Individualize Kindergarten Reading Instruction: Findings from a Cluster-Randomized Control Field Trial

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Connor, Carol M.; Folsom, Jessica S.; Greulich, Luana; Meadows, Jane; Li, Zhi

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this cluster-randomized control field trial was to examine whether kindergarten teachers could learn to differentiate classroom reading instruction using Individualized Student Instruction for Kindergarten (ISI-K) and to test the efficacy of differentiation on reading outcomes. The study involved 14 schools, 23 ISI-K (n = 305…

  20. Self-Selection of Vocabulary in Reading Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Candida C.

    1974-01-01

    The child's process of learning to read was simulated by teaching adults to associate Chinese characters with spoken words. When the students chose words to be learned, learning was more rapid than when words were selected by the examiner from a basal reader. (Author/JA)

  1. The Application of Multiple Intelligences Theory to Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexander, James C.

    Top-down and bottom-up theories have long dominated the field of reading. Recently, interactive models have been proposed by some researchers. One model, the interactive-compensatory model, hypothesizes that a deficiency in one processing area is compensated for by a relative strength in another area. The concept of multiple intelligences is one…

  2. A Case Study of Reading Instruction in a Philippine Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Protacio, Maria Selena; Sarroub, Loukia K.

    2013-01-01

    In this article, we describe the reading practices in a public and high-achieving 6th grade English classroom in the Philippines. By utilizing a four resources model, we discuss the different roles that students assume in this classroom. Students in this class are mainly code breakers and text users and have limited opportunities to assume the…

  3. The Canadian Psychological Association's Stand on Beginning Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simner, Marvin L.

    1998-01-01

    Presents reactions of provinces to position paper issued by the Canadian Psychological Association advocating a balanced approach to teaching reading. Reiterates position that whole-language programs be supplemented with phonological awareness exercises beyond those using initial word sounds to recognize words. Describes a booklet produced with…

  4. Using "Real" Books: Research Findings on Literature Based Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tunnell, Michael O.; Jacobs, James S.

    1989-01-01

    Reviews several studies which support the success of a literature-based approach to literacy with various types of students (limited English speakers, developmental readers, remedial readers, etc.). Describes several common elements found in different literature-based programs, including the use of natural text, reading aloud, and sustained silent…

  5. Courageous Reading Instruction: The Effects of an Elementary Motivation Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marinak, Barbara A.

    2013-01-01

    In an attempt to more clearly understand the erosion of engagement in some readers, a number of researchers (J. Brophy, 2008; J. Guthrie, 2010; K. Mohr, 2006) and organizations (Education Alliance, 2010) have called for the investigation of strategies to improve elementary reading motivation. Consequently this mixed-methods investigation focused…

  6. The Interaction of Picture and Print in Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Denburg, Susan Dalfen

    Designed to consider whether pictures might facilitate word identification and word learning and to determine the most appropriate design of pictures to aid in independent reading, this instrument consists of 24 sentences and accompanying pictures that completely or partially represent the noun information in the sentence. Substitutions for the…

  7. Visual Memory and Context Cues in Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eisenwine, Marilyn J.; Fowler, Elaine Danielson; McKenzie, Gary R.

    2000-01-01

    Explored the progress of 15 first-graders as they learned about baling hay via a mnemonic visualization process. Using an integrated picture and a meaningful organized explanation of the hay-baling process produced superior learning, compared with a control group's progress using conventional guided reading techniques. (MLH)

  8. Organization for Instruction in the College Reading/Writing Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dwyer, Edward J.; Lofton, Glenda

    1995-01-01

    Shares ideas for effectively and efficiently gaining control over the volumes of paper generated in a reading/writing classroom. Suggests that organizing the flow of paper in a class, through such items as file boxes and hanging folders, is essential for an effective class. Provides 10 sample categories for filed materials. (MAB)

  9. Linguistic Simplification of SL Reading Materials: Effective Instructional Practice?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Dolly J.

    1999-01-01

    Examined types of simplifications made in four authentic texts used in the second-language classroom, and investigated if there were differences in recall scores based on whether students read simplified or authentic versions. Findings indicated that a high percentage of modifications made were lexical in nature and that recall scores for…

  10. Instruction in metacognitive strategies to increase deaf and hard-of-hearing students' reading comprehension.

    PubMed

    Benedict, Kendra M; Rivera, Maria C; Antia, Shirin D

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this intervention study was to examine the use of a metacognitive strategy--the Comprehension, Check, and Repair Strategy--on strategic reading behavior, nonstrategic reading behavior, and reading comprehension of students who are deaf or hard of hearing (D/HH). A multiple baseline design was used across 3 teacher-student dyads. Frequency data were collected on students' strategic reading behavior. Reading comprehension was assessed by counting the number of details the students retold after reading a content area passage. Results showed (a) an increase in strategic reading behavior for Students A, B, and C; and (b) an increase in reading comprehension for Student A, and possibly for Student B. Social validity data indicated high acceptability of the intervention. Teachers not only continued to use the strategy with their students after the study ended but also introduced it to other students with whom they worked. Instruction in metacognitive strategies to increase strategic reading behavior may be an effective means by which to increase reading comprehension for D/HH students.

  11. Effect of Focused Vocabulary Instruction on 7th Graders' Reading Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horn, Mary; Feng, Jianhua

    2012-01-01

    This study reports an investigation on the effects of directed vocabulary and whole class instruction on improving students' vocabulary acquisition and reading comprehension. Fifty-eight seventh grade students participated in the study, and a pre-test/post-test experimental design was employed. The results did not indicate any statistically…

  12. Methods for Increasing the Intensity of Reading Instruction for Students with Intellectual Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allor, Jill H.; Champlin, Tammi M.; Gifford, Diane B.; Mathes, Patricia G.

    2010-01-01

    Current research is demonstrating the effectiveness of comprehensive reading instruction for individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID; Allor, Mathes, Roberts, Cheatham, & Champlin, 2010; Allor, Mathes, Roberts, Jones, & Champlin, 2010; Browder, Ahlgrim-Delzell, Courtade, Gibbs, & Flowers, 2008). One overarching finding from these studies is…

  13. The Effect of Instruction in the Paraphrasing Strategy on Reading Fluency and Comprehension.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Steven W.; Von Colln, Theresa

    Cognitive strategy instruction is currently garnering much attention in the literature as an effective means of teaching children who display learning difficulties in a wide variety of academic areas. In reading, the Paraphrasing Strategy, which is one of an array of strategies used in the Strategies Intervention Model (SIM) (Schumaker, Deshler, &…

  14. Variability in Reading Ability Gains as a Function of Computer-Assisted Instruction Method of Presentation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Erin Phinney; Perry, Justin; Shamir, Haya

    2010-01-01

    This study examines the effects on early reading skills of three different methods of presenting material with computer-assisted instruction (CAI): (1) learner-controlled picture menu, which allows the student to choose activities, (2) linear sequencer, which progresses the students through lessons at a pre-specified pace, and (3) mastery-based…

  15. Instructional Strategies for Improving Achievement in Reading, Mathematics, and Science for English Language Learners with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shyyan, Vitaliy; Thurlow, Martha L.; Liu, Kristin K.

    2008-01-01

    Effective reading, mathematics, and science instructional strategies for English language learners with disabilities participating in state accountability assessments are identified by educators of these students. Hmong students with disabilities indicate the importance of various strategies for their learning in a standards-based,…

  16. Effects of Cloze Instructional Approach on Senior Secondary School Students' Achievement in Igbo Language Reading Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eze, Nneka Justina

    2015-01-01

    This study assessed the effects of cloze instructional approach on senior secondary school students' achievement in Igbo language reading comprehension. The study utilized a quasi experimental research design of the pretest posttest non-equivalent control group design. The study was conducted in Abakaliki education zone of Ebonyi State of Nigeria.…

  17. The Status of Reading Instruction in the College of Education at Southern University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armstrong, W. Cliff; Goyol, Anthony

    Forty-six members of the college of education at Southern University in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, were surveyed to determine the status of reading instruction within that college. The faculty members taught a total of 114 courses in six departments: health and physical education, vocational education, recreation, special education, elementary…

  18. Implications in the Theory of George Kelly for College Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chaplin, Miriam T.

    The Personal Construct Theory of George Kelly is considered particularly applicable to college reading instruction because the interpretations and subsequent reactions to written language by mature students are highly personal. The key to students' behavior lies in their total personality, enmeshed as it is with past experiences, present…

  19. Instructivo del Alfabetizador: Poblacion Rural (Reading and Writing Instruction: Rural Population).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Instituto Nacional para la Educacion de los Adultos, Mexico City (Mexico).

    This Mexican series of instructional materials is designed for Spanish speaking adults who are in the process of becoming literate or have recently become literate in their native language. The reading/writing workbook is presented in two volumes along with a teacher's manual for an adult literacy program directed at rural inhabitants of Mexico.…

  20. Instructivo del Alfabetizador: Poblacion Urbana (Reading and Writing Instruction: Urban Population).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Instituto Nacional para la Educacion de los Adultos, Mexico City (Mexico).

    This series of instructional materials is designed for Spanish speaking adults in Mexico who are in the process of becoming literate or have recently become literate in their native language. The reading/writing workbook is presented in two volumes along with a teacher's manual for an adult literacy program directed at urban inhabitants of Mexico.…

  1. Acquiring Reading and Vocabulary in Dutch and English: The Effect of Concurrent Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van der Leij, Aryan; Bekebrede, Judith; Kotterink, Mieke

    2010-01-01

    To investigate the effect of concurrent instruction in Dutch and English on reading acquisition in both languages, 23 pupils were selected from a school with bilingual education, and 23 from a school with education in Dutch only. The pupils had a Dutch majority language background and were comparable with regard to social-economic status (SES).…

  2. Matching Classroom Instruction with Reading Abilities: An Unmet Need. Technical Report No. 499.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Durkin, Dolores

    Based on the premise that schools apparently fail to match reading instruction to children's needs, this study was conducted to learn about the process of changing teacher behavior in such a way that a match exists between what is taught and who is being taught. Year-long observation of one kindergarten program that was supplemented with attempts…

  3. Delving Deeper into the Construct of Preservice Teacher Beliefs about Reading Instruction for Students with Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leko, Melinda M.; Kulkarni, Saili; Lin, Meng-Chuan; Smith, Shane A.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to complete an in-depth examination of the construct of teacher beliefs by investigating preservice teachers' beliefs about reading instruction for students with disabilities. Interview and artifact data were collected for 11 preservice teachers during a 10-month period. Dimensions of beliefs investigated were…

  4. A Review of the Literature concerning Grouping Plans for Elementary Reading Instruction, 1965-1979.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flor, Romaine A.

    Twenty-one studies of the effectiveness of various grouping plans for elementary reading instruction are reviewed in this paper. Following the review, the studies are summarized according to the grade level with which they dealt, and conclusions are drawn regarding the most effective grouping plans. Among the conclusions reported are: (1) no one…

  5. Relationship between Metacognitive Strategy Instruction and Reading Comprehension in At-Risk Fourth Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diebold, Tamara W.

    2011-01-01

    In spite of efforts to achieve the reading proficiency requirements mandated by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, students' inability to comprehend text and meet grade level standards on state and national assessments continues to be problematic. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of explicit direct instruction of…

  6. Implementing Intensive Vocabulary Instruction for Students at Risk for Reading Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pullen, Paige C.; Tuckwiller, Elizabeth D.; Ashworth, Kristen; Lovelace, Shelly P.; Cash, Deanna

    2011-01-01

    Concerns regarding literacy levels in the United States are long standing. Debates have existed for decades regarding the most effective ways to teach reading, especially the polarizing dilemma of how much to focus on decoding versus code-emphasis and whole language instruction. Fortunately, as a result of concentrated research efforts and…

  7. Duet or Duel? A Portrait of Two Logics of Reading Instruction in an Urban School District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woulfin, Sarah L.

    2016-01-01

    This article presents findings on the institutional logics of reading instruction in an urban school district, portraying how district leaders and coaches enacted two logics. Findings are grounded in observation, interview, and document data on district leaders and literacy coaches from a 13-month period. Using neoinstitutional theory, this…

  8. Teacher Sense of Efficacy for Literacy Instruction and Student Reading Achievement in Grades Three through Eight

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poggio, Jennifer M.

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of teacher sense of efficacy for literacy instruction on reading achievement in grades three through eight. In previous studies, a teacher's sense of efficacy was shown to be correlated to student achievement (Ashton & Webb, 1986; Moore & Esselman, 1992). However, research attempting to uncover the…

  9. Issues in Reading Instruction: U.S. State Legislators' Perceptions and Knowledge. Research to Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reutzel, D. R.; And Others

    A stratified random sample of 1,500 state legislators from 12 states was surveyed regarding their perceptions and knowledge of issues in reading instruction. The states were selected to provide a balanced mix of state sizes, state budget sizes, and geographic regions. Within states, legislators were selected to balance districts. Both mail surveys…

  10. Using Digital Game-Based Learning to Support Vocabulary Instruction for Developmental Reading Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frederick, Patricia A.

    2010-01-01

    The number of underprepared students entering post-secondary education continues to be a national problem community colleges struggle with by providing remedial instruction while having to satisfy the demands for effective teaching accountability. Reading is one identified area needing remediation; and, a goal for programs to address this…

  11. Archimedes, Reading, and the Sustenance of Academic Research Culture in Library Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cain, Amanda

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the history of academic research, library instruction, and the role of leisure, reflection, and creativity. Suggests that these cultural elements should be introduced to undergraduates and contends that deep reading, rather than information literacy competency, cultivates these elements. Examines productivity and the faculty research…

  12. Is Scientifically Based Reading Instruction Effective for Students with Below-Average IQs?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allor, Jill H.; Mathes, Patricia G.; Roberts, J. Kyle; Cheatham, Jennifer P.; Al Otaiba, Stephanie

    2014-01-01

    This longitudinal randomized-control trial investigated the effectiveness of scientifically based reading instruction for students with IQs ranging from 40 to 80, including students with intellectual disability (ID). Students were randomly assigned into treatment (n = 76) and contrast (n = 65) groups. Students in the treatment group received…

  13. Student Achievement: Diagnostic and Prescriptive Reading Instruction, Summer, 1974. Technical Report No. 8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bramble, William J.; And Others

    A course in diagnostic and prescriptive reading instruction was delivered by satellite to a group of educators, and cognitive, affective, and classroom practice changes were observed. Participants were kindergarten through third grade teachers in the Appalachian region. The course consisted of 12 half-hour color videotaped lessons, 12 pretaped…

  14. A Reading Instruction Intervention Program for English-Language Learners Who Are Struggling Readers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tam, Kai Yung; Heward, William L.; Heng, Mary Anne

    2006-01-01

    We used a multiple baseline across students design to evaluate the effects of an intervention program consisting of vocabulary instruction, error correction, and fluency building on oral reading rate and comprehension of five English-language learners who were struggling readers in a primary school. During the first intervention condition (new…

  15. Concentrated Language Encounter Instruction Model III in Reading and Creative Writing Abilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Promnont, Piyapong; Rattanavich, Saowalak

    2015-01-01

    The research is aimed to study the development of eleventh grade students' reading, creative writing abilities, satisfaction taught through the concentrated language encounter instruction method, CLE model III. One experimental group time series design was used, and the data was analyzed by MANOVA with repeated measures, t-test for one-group…

  16. Literacy That Matters: How Teachers' Instructional Decisions Shape Students' Reading Identities and Learning Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morefield, Vickie McEwen

    2013-01-01

    This research focused on students' reading identities and literacy learning and their potential relationships to teachers' instructional decisions in the support of these. The study included two experienced teachers from an ethnically diverse urban school district. This middle school setting included two classes each from one sixth-grade language…

  17. Computer-Assisted Instruction in Treble Clef Note Reading for Gifted, Primary Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Craig, Patricia D.

    A program was developed using computer-assisted instruction to enable gifted primary-level students to learn the basic elements of note reading in the treble clef at individual speeds and without stress of competition. The target group was selected from students enrolled in beginning and advanced ukulele classes. The computer-assisted instruction…

  18. Including English Learners in a Multitiered Approach to Early Reading Instruction and Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fien, Hank; Smith, Jean Louise M.; Baker, Scott K.; Chaparro, Erin; Baker, Doris Luft; Preciado, Jorge A.

    2011-01-01

    Delivering high-quality reading instruction to English language learners (ELLs) in the early grades is one of the most challenging issues facing schools. The report of the National Literacy Panel on Language-Minority Children and Youth (NLP; August & Shanahan, 2006) defined "English language learners" as students who come from language backgrounds…

  19. Motivating Children to Read and Write: Using Informal Learning Environments as Contexts for Literacy Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Putman, Michael; Walker, Carolyn

    2010-01-01

    The current focus on measurable reading achievement in clearly defined areas, such as fluency and comprehension, has resulted in reduced attention toward motivation and affect in relation to literacy learning. However, motivation is a significant component within literacy instruction due to the link between motivation and action. It is important…

  20. Benefits of Computer-Assisted Instruction to Support Reading Acquisition in English Language Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Macaruso, Paul; Rodman, Alyson

    2011-01-01

    Young children who are English language learners (ELLs) face major challenges in learning to read English. This study examined whether computer-assisted instruction (CAI) can be beneficial to ELL kindergartners enrolled in bilingual classes. The CAI programs provided systematic and structured exercises in developing phonological awareness and…

  1. Inquiries in Literacy Learning and Instruction: The Fifteenth Yearbook of the College Reading Association.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rasinski, Timothy V., Ed.; Padak, Nancy D., Ed.

    This 1993 yearbook presents 20 papers and summaries of the dissertation award winner "Content Literacy in High School Social Studies: A Focus on One Teacher's Beliefs and Decisions about Classroom Discussions" (E. G. Sturtevant) and the thesis award winner "Effects of Direct Instruction of Story Grammar on Story Writing and Reading Comprehension…

  2. The Effect of Peer-Based Instruction on Rhythm Reading Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Erik A.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of peer-based instruction on rhythm reading achievement of instrumental and choral music students attending a large urbanfringe high school in a major metropolitan area. Participants (N = 131) included band (n = 71) and choir (n = 60) students whose backgrounds reflected extensive economic (78%…

  3. Research-Based Methods of Reading Instruction for English Language Learners, Grades K-4

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vaughn, Sharon; Linan-Thompson, Sylvia

    2007-01-01

    At last, a truly helpful, practical guide for K-4 teachers who want to ensure that their approach to teaching young English language learners is based on research and grounded in proven classroom practices. The authors of ASCD's best-selling book "Research-Based Methods of Reading Instruction, Grades K-3" explain how you can help the English…

  4. The Effect of Strategy Instruction on the Reading Comprehension of High School Students with ADHD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Joseph W.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of strategy instruction on the reading comprehension of high school students with ADHD. The research design was a multiple baseline across participants design with multiple probes during baseline (Kazdin, 1982). The participants were three female high school students with ADHD who were also…

  5. Goals, Data Use, and Instruction: The Effect of a Teacher Professional Development Program on Reading Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Kuijk, Mechteld F.; Deunk, Marjolein I.; Bosker, Roel J.; Ritzema, Evelien S.

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we investigated whether student reading comprehension could be improved with help of a teacher Professional Development (PD) program targeting goals, data use, and instruction. The effect of this PD program on 2nd- and 3rd-grade student achievement was examined using a pretest-posttest control group design. Applying propensity score…

  6. Helping Students with Dyslexia and Dysgraphia Make Connections: Differentiated Instruction Lesson Plans in Reading and Writing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berninger, Virginia W.; Wolf, Beverly

    2009-01-01

    Students in Ginger Berninger's research studies "showed significant improvement in their reading and writing" after using these lessons--now available to teachers for the first time ever in one convenient book! A state-of-the-art set of lesson plans that can be used for differentiated instruction of students with dysgraphia, dyslexia, and OWL LD,…

  7. Using Repeated Reading and Explicit Instruction to Teach Vocabulary to Preschoolers with Hearing Loss

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bobzien, Jonna L.; Richels, Corrin; Schwartz, Kathryn; Raver, Sharon A.; Hester, Peggy; Morin, Lisa

    2015-01-01

    Children with hearing loss often experience communication and language delays that result in difficulties acquiring novel vocabulary and literacy skills. This research examined the effectiveness of using repeated storybook reading paired with explicit teacher instruction to teach novel vocabulary to young children with hearing loss who were…

  8. Bridging the Pedagogical Gap: Intersections between Literary and Reading Theories in Secondary and Postsecondary Literacy Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eckert, Lisa Schade

    2008-01-01

    Although a growing body of research and practice in reading strategy instruction in secondary education has identified specific and successful methods for encouraging metacognitive awareness, there is little published research connecting these findings to post-secondary literacy education. Consequently, a gap remains in the conception, and…

  9. A Cognitive-Apprenticeship-Inspired Instructional Approach for Teaching Scientific Writing and Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kolikant, Yifat Ben-David; Gatchell, David W.; Hirsch, Penny L.; Linsenmeier, Robert A.

    2006-01-01

    We present an approach for integrating instruction of scientific writing and reading into undergraduate science courses, inspired by the pedagogical theory of cognitive apprenticeship. We demonstrate its implementation and describe a study of students' feedback that enabled us to elicit students' difficulties and fine-tune the next application…

  10. Using Computer Assisted Instruction in a Reading and Study Skills Course.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rauch, Margaret

    Test wiseness programs and computer assisted study skills instruction (CASSI) were found to be valuable resources for college reading and study skills instructors and students at St. Cloud State University (Minnesota). Two booklets on test wiseness cues were reorganized and used as computer programs to allow the information to be presented outside…

  11. Evidence-Based Reading Policy in the United States: How Scientific Research Informs Instructional Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lyon, G. Reid; Shaywitz, Sally E.; Shaywitz, Bennett A.; Chhabra, Vinita

    2005-01-01

    Representing a dramatic shift in education thinking, converging evidence now supports a reliance on findings from rigorous scientific research to guide education policy initiatives in the United States. Particularly for early reading instruction, scientific research has provided the framework for establishing the most effective measures for the…

  12. Integrating Computer-Aided Instruction for Improving Reading Skills with Juvenile Delinquents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vigilante, Alan

    A practicum encapsulated a reading skills assessment and intervention program utilizing computer-aided instruction and support activities for four 3-week sessions. The primary target population was the 43 juvenile delinquents at a Florida juvenile detention center who completed posttest measures. A total of 280 students participated in the…

  13. The Effect of Explicit Instruction of Textual Discourse Markers on Saudi EFL Learners' Reading Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Qahtani, Abdulaziz Ali

    2015-01-01

    Discourse markers (DMs) instruction is currently receiving an increasing amount of attention in the literature on second language learning. As noted by Al-Yaari, Al Hammadi, Alyami, and Almaflehi (2013), and Algouzi (2014), the use of DMs is insufficient to support the development of the language skills, especially reading, of Saudi English as a…

  14. The Effects of Cognitive Strategy Instruction on Chinese Reading Comprehension among Hong Kong Low Achieving Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lau, Kit-ling; Chan, David W.

    2007-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of cognitive strategy instruction (CSI) on Chinese reading comprehension of Hong Kong low achieving students. A total of 88 Grade 7 students from four intact Chinese language remedial groups were randomly assigned to treatment and control conditions. Students in the treatment group received a…

  15. Speech Recognition Technology: An Application to Beginning Reading Instruction. Technical Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Charles L.; And Others

    Noting that the recent development of reliable, high-performance, low-cost speech recognizers--devices that can distinguish among spoken words--holds potential for education, such as early reading instruction, this technical report describes a study which investigated two principal questions: (1) Does an inexpensive, microcomputer-based speech…

  16. A Phenomenological Study of Teacher Perceptions of the Applicability of Differentiated Reading Instruction Designs in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pilten, Gülhiz

    2016-01-01

    The main purpose of the present study is determining the practicability of the "Differentiated Reading Instruction Approach" in primary school grades in Turkey, in accordance with the teachers' perceptions, by considering important roles in the practice of the approach. The work-group of the present research is in phenomenology design,…

  17. The Effects of Differentiated Instruction Support Inclusion Services on Fifth Grade Reading/Language Arts Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wendt, Stephanie L.

    2012-01-01

    Using a causal-comparative research design, this study investigated the effectiveness of Differentiated Instruction Support Inclusion Services on fifth grade regular education and gifted students' Reading/Language Arts achievement. The study analyzed and compared the achievement of the regular education students who received no inclusion…

  18. Teaching Phonological Awareness to Students at Risk for Reading Failure: An Analysis of Four Instructional Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wanzek, Jeanne; Dickson, Shirley; Bursuck, William D.; White, Jennifer M.

    2000-01-01

    The content of four phonological awareness training programs was analyzed according to six principles of effective instructional design related to teaching students at risk for reading failure. Analysis revealed that no program effectively included all six principles, implying that teachers need to adapt programs to improve their effectiveness.…

  19. Instructional Challenges in Developing Young Children's Science Concepts: Using Informational Text Read-Alouds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffman, Jessica L.; Collins, Molly F.; Schickedanz, Judith A.

    2015-01-01

    Early childhood instruction tends to focus heavily on literacy development, sometimes at the expense of rich concept development (CEP, 2007; Neuman, 2006; NRC, 2012; NSTA, 2014). Because of the emphasis on literacy instruction, many early childhood teachers integrate content areas, such as science, in literacy instruction through read alouds of…

  20. Fostering the Development of Reading Skill through Supplemental Instruction: Results for Hispanic and Non-Hispanic Students

    PubMed Central

    Gunn, Barbara; Smolkowski, Keith; Biglan, Anthony; Black, Carol; Blair, Jason

    2006-01-01

    This paper reports the effects of a two-year supplemental reading program for kindergarten through third grade students that focused on the development of decoding skills and reading fluency. Two hundred ninety-nine students were identified for participation and were randomly assigned to the supplemental instruction or to a no-treatment control group. Participants’ reading ability was assessed in the fall, before the first year of the intervention, and again in the spring of years 1, 2, 3, and 4. At the end of the two-year intervention, students who received the supplemental instruction performed significantly better than their matched controls on measures of entry level reading skills (i.e., letter-word identification and word attack), oral reading fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension. The benefits of the instruction were still clear two years after instruction had ended with students in the supplemental-instruction condition still showing significantly greater growth on the measure of oral reading fluency. Hispanic students benefited from the supplemental reading instruction in English as much as or more than non-Hispanic students. Results support the value of supplemental instruction focused on the development of word recognition skills for helping students at risk for reading failure. PMID:17364009

  1. Understanding Instructions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milburn, Val

    This guide is intended to help adult basic education (ABE) teachers teach their students to understand instructions in their daily lives. The 25 learning activities included all develop students' skills in the area of following directions by using basic situations drawn from everyday life. The following activities are included: sequencing pictures…

  2. The Effects of Kindergarten through Second Grade Reading Instruction and Intervention on Third Grade Reading Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chevalier-Metzger, Teresia

    2013-01-01

    State and local assessment data from 117 students in one school in the California Central Valley were examined to determine how much participation in a kindergarten through second grade multitiered reading intervention model contributed to third grade reading achievement, over and above the demographic factors of ethnicity, socioeconomic status,…

  3. Assessment Data-Informed Guidance to Individualize Kindergarten Reading Instruction: Findings from a Cluster-Randomized Control Field Trial.

    PubMed

    Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Connor, Carol M; Folsom, Jessica Sidler; Greulich, Luana; Meadows, Jane; Li, Zhi

    2011-06-01

    The purpose of this cluster-randomized control field trial was to was to examine the extent to which kindergarten teachers could learn a promising instructional strategy, wherein kindergarten reading instruction was differentiated based upon students' ongoing assessments of language and literacy skills and documented child characteristic by instruction (CXI) interactions; and to test the efficacy of this differentiated reading instruction on the reading outcomes of students from culturally diverse backgrounds. The study involved 14 schools and included 23 treatment (n = 305 students) and 21 contrast teacher (n = 251 students). Teachers in the contrast condition received only a baseline professional development that included a researcher-delivered summer day-long workshop on individualized instruction. Data sources included parent surveys, individually administered child assessments of language, cognitive, and reading skills and videotapes of classroom instruction. Using Hierarchical Multivariate Linear Modeling (HMLM), we found students in treatment classrooms outperformed students in the contrast classrooms on a latent measure of reading skills, comprised of letter-word reading, decoding, alphabetic knowledge, and phonological awareness (ES = .52). Teachers in both conditions provided small group instruction, but teachers in the treatment condition provided significantly more individualized instruction. Our findings extend research on the efficacy of teachers using Individualized Student Instruction to individualize instruction based upon students' language and literacy skills in first through third grade. Findings are discussed regarding the value of professional development related to differentiating core reading instruction and the challenges of using Response to Intervention approaches to address students' needs in the areas of reading in general education contexts.

  4. Compiler-assisted multiple instruction rollback recovery using a read buffer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Alewine, N. J.; Chen, S.-K.; Fuchs, W. K.; Hwu, W.-M.

    1993-01-01

    Multiple instruction rollback (MIR) is a technique that has been implemented in mainframe computers to provide rapid recovery from transient processor failures. Hardware-based MIR designs eliminate rollback data hazards by providing data redundancy implemented in hardware. Compiler-based MIR designs have also been developed which remove rollback data hazards directly with data-flow transformations. This paper focuses on compiler-assisted techniques to achieve multiple instruction rollback recovery. We observe that some data hazards resulting from instruction rollback can be resolved efficiently by providing an operand read buffer while others are resolved more efficiently with compiler transformations. A compiler-assisted multiple instruction rollback scheme is developed which combines hardware-implemented data redundancy with compiler-driven hazard removal transformations. Experimental performance evaluations indicate improved efficiency over previous hardware-based and compiler-based schemes.

  5. Reading instruction for children who use AAC: considerations in the pursuit of generalizable results.

    PubMed

    Michael Barker, R; Saunders, Kathryn J; Brady, Nancy C

    2012-09-01

    Our purpose was to review evidence-based literacy instruction for children with severe speech impairment (SSI) who communicate with AAC. This review focuses on three issues important to researchers in this area: participant heterogeneity, assessment and instruction tasks, and research design. We found eight articles that reported attempts to teach phonological awareness and individual-word reading to a total of 26 children with SSI who used AAC. We evaluated these studies based on reporting of participant characteristics, assessment and instruction modifications, and the strength of research designs. We conclude by highlighting the need for standard assessments that can be used across studies, discussing strategies for facilitating meta-analyses, and suggesting the creation of an online database for researchers to share results on literacy instruction for this population. PMID:22946991

  6. The Relationship between English Language Arts Teachers' Use of Instructional Strategies and Young Adolescents' Reading Motivation, Engagement, and Preference

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Varuzza, Michelle; Sinatra, Richard; Eschenauer, Robert; Blake, Brett Elizabeth

    2014-01-01

    Conducted at 10 schools in four communities, this study investigated relationships of young adolescents' reading motivation, reading preference, and reading engagement as influenced by their English Language Arts teachers' use of instructional strategies. Students in eight sixth grade (N = 196) and nine seventh grade (N = 218) classes completed a…

  7. Use of Direct Instruction to Teach Reading to Students with Significant Cognitive Impairments: Student Outcomes and Teacher Perceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kanfush, Philip Michael, III.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether students with significant cognitive impairments make measurable gains in reading skills as measured by the Woodcock Reading Mastery Tests--Revised when taught using Direct Instruction reading programs. Additionally, the study explored teacher perceptions of the effectiveness of Direct Instruction…

  8. Effects of Peer Mediated Instruction on the Oral Reading Fluency Skills of High School Aged Struggling Readers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Josephs, Nikki L.; Jolivette, Kristine

    2016-01-01

    This study examined the effects of peer-mediated oral reading fluency instruction and narrative texts on the reading fluency and comprehension skills of adolescent struggling readers in an alternative high school setting over a period of 10 weeks. The results of this study indicate that peer-mediated repeated reading appears to be the most…

  9. The Effect of Strategy Instruction Based on the Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach over Reading Comprehension and Strategy Use

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gurses, Meral Ozkan; Adiguzel, Oktay Cem

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the effects of reading strategies instruction based on the Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach over students' skill to comprehend what they read in French and their use of reading strategies. It has an action research design. Eighteen students studying at French Preparatory Program at Eskisehir Osmangazi…

  10. The Effect of a Course Management System (CMS)-Supported Strategy Instruction on EFL Reading Comprehension and Strategy Use

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tsai, Yea-Ru; Talley, Paul C.

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports on the effect of a Moodle-supported strategy instruction on both reading comprehension and strategy use among EFL (English as a Foreign Language) students. Specific reading strategy training was first integrated into a Moodle system, which included reading exercises on problem identification, monitoring comprehension,…

  11. Visual Search Activity: A Tool for the Evaluation and Development of Computer-Assisted Reading Instructional Programs. Annual Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO. Behavior Research Lab.

    Information on six research programs which studied eye movements during reading and evaluated aspects of PLATO-displayed reading instructional material is provided in this report. An analysis of eye movements of "competent" and "less competent" readers reading for general and detailed information showed many differences between them. One of the…

  12. ABE Math Standards Project. Formative Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holyoke Community Coll., MA.

    In May 1992, 22 Massachusetts mathematics educators who either teach or coordinate/direct adult basic education (ABE) and General Educational Development (GED) programs were recruited into a group called the Math Team. During their monthly business/training sessions in central Massachusetts, members worked on various individual and team…

  13. Effective ABE Programming: Nine Case Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sjogren, Douglas; Jacobson, Larry

    The document presents an indepth study of nine selected exemplary adult basic education (ABE) programs in Region 8: Volunteers Clearing House, Fort Collins, Colorado; Utah Navajo Development Council, Blanding, Utah; Adult Education Tutorial Program, Denver, Colorado; Project SAVE, Lemmon, South Dakota; Gates Rubber Company, Denver, Colorado;…

  14. Regional, Rural Home ABE Program Spells Impact.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vachon, Claude

    Maine's State Division of Adult Education began setting up a regionalized Adult Basic Education (ABE) program in rural Franklin county in 1974 to serve the area's functional illiterates. Located in the building housing the Franklin County Community Action Program (CAP), linkages were developed with a large number of agencies; initially the 10 CAP…

  15. Rethinking Reading Comprehension Instruction: A Comparison of Instruction for Strategies and Content Approaches

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKeown, Margaret G.; Beck, Isabel L.; Blake, Ronette G. K.

    2009-01-01

    Reports from research and the larger educational community demonstrate that too many students have limited ability to comprehend texts. The research reported here involved a two-year study in which standardized comprehension instruction for representations of two major approaches was designed and implemented. The effectiveness of the two…

  16. Reading First kindergarten classroom instruction and students' growth in phonological awareness and letter naming-decoding fluency.

    PubMed

    Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Connor, Carol; Lane, Holly; Kosanovich, Marcia L; Schatschneider, Chris; Dyrlund, Allison K; Miller, Melissa S; Wright, Tyran L

    2008-06-01

    This study investigated the role of the amount, content, and implementation of reading instruction provided by 17 kindergarten teachers in eight Reading First elementary schools as it related to students' progress (n=286 students) on early reading assessments of phonological awareness and letter naming-decoding fluency. Children's phonological awareness and letter naming-decoding fluency grew significantly from fall to spring. On average, across the three 60 min observations, teachers provided over 30 min a day of phonological awareness and phonics instruction and 15 min a day of vocabulary and comprehension instruction. Global ratings of instructional quality revealed two implementation factors: explicit and individualized implementation and meaningful interactions around text. Hierarchical linear modeling revealed that the amounts of specific instructional content, as well as how this instruction was implemented, was related to students' letter knowledge and phonological awareness skill growth.

  17. A Tiered Intervention Model for Early Vocabulary Instruction: The Effects of Tiered Instruction for Young Students at Risk for Reading Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pullen, Paige C.; Tuckwiller, Elizabeth D.; Konold, Timothy R.; Maynard, Katrina L.; Coyne, Michael D.

    2010-01-01

    Vocabulary knowledge at school entry is a robust predictor of later reading achievement. Many children begin formal reading instruction at a significant disadvantage due to low levels of vocabulary. Until recently, relatively few research studies examined the efficacy of vocabulary interventions for children in the early primary grades (e.g.,…

  18. Exploring the Nature of Effective Word Study Instruction for Struggling Readers: Practical Applications for Broader Perspective of the Simple View of Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Park, Yujeong; Lombardino, Linda J.

    2013-01-01

    Effective reading instruction plays an important role in improving students' outcomes in reading achievement. This paper is designed to serve as a tutorial for translating the simple view of reading model into classroom practices for improving early reading instruction. This model is used as a framework for facilitating teachers' word…

  19. Using Method of Instruction to Predict the Skills Supporting Initial Reading Development: Insight from a Synthetic Phonics Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGeown, Sarah P.; Medford, Emma

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the skills predicting early reading development when children were taught by a synthetic phonics approach. Eighty five children taught to read by systematic synthetic phonics were assessed on reading and cognitive assessments prior to reading instruction (average age 4 years, 7 months), 6 months later (5 years, 1 month), and 73…

  20. Development and validation of an assessment of adult educators' reading instructional knowledge.

    PubMed

    Bell, Sherry Mee; McCallum, R Steve; Ziegler, Mary; Davis, C A; Coleman, Maribeth

    2013-10-01

    The purpose of this paper is to describe briefly the development and utility of the Assessment of Reading Instructional Knowledge-Adults (ARIK-A), the only nationally normed (n = 468) measure of adult reading instructional knowledge, created to facilitate professional development of adult educators. Developmental data reveal reliabilities ranging from 0.73 to 0.85 for five ARIK-A scales (alphabetics, fluency, vocabulary, comprehension, and assessment) and 0.91 for the composite score; factor analytic data and expert review provide support for construct validity as well. Information on how to use the ARIK-A to determine mastery and relative standing is presented. With two alternate forms, the ARIK-A is a promising and needed tool for adult education practitioners within continuing education and professional development contexts. PMID:23152145

  1. Licensure tests for special education teachers: how well they assess knowledge of reading instruction and mathematics.

    PubMed

    Stotsky, Sandra

    2009-01-01

    To determine the extent to which knowledge of evidence-based reading instruction and mathematics is assessed on licensure tests for prospective special education teachers, this study drew on information provided by Educational Testing Service (ETS), the American Board for Certification of Teacher Excellence, and National Evaluation Systems (now Evaluation Systems group of Pearson). It estimated the percentage of test items on phonemic awareness, phonics, and vocabulary knowledge and on mathematics content. It also analyzed descriptions of ETS's tests of "principles of teaching and learning." Findings imply that prospective special education teachers should be required to take both a dedicated test of evidence-based reading instructional knowledge, as in California, Massachusetts, and Virginia, and a test of mathematical knowledge, as in Massachusetts. States must design their own tests of teaching principles to assess knowledge of evidence-based educational theories.

  2. A Comparison of Seventh Grade Thai Students' Reading Comprehension and Motivation to Read English through Applied Instruction Based on the Genre-Based Approach and the Teacher's Manual

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sawangsamutchai, Yutthasak; Rattanavich, Saowalak

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this research is to compare the English reading comprehension and motivation to read of seventh grade Thai students taught with applied instruction through the genre-based approach and teachers' manual. A randomized pre-test post-test control group design was used through the cluster random sampling technique. The data were…

  3. A Meta-Analysis of the Effects of Reading Instruction on the Reading Skills of Students with or at Risk of Behavioral Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benner, Gregory J.; Nelson, J. Ron; Ralston, Nicole C.; Mooney, Paul

    2010-01-01

    The findings of a meta-analysis of the effect of reading instruction on the reading skills of students with or at risk of behavioral disorders (BD) are reported. The goal of the synthesis was to extend the work of Coleman and Vaughn by (a) detailing independent variables and outcome measures for each study, (b)including studies sampling from…

  4. Effects of Explicit Reading Strategies Instruction and Peer Tutoring on Second and Fifth Graders' Reading Comprehension and Self-Efficacy Perceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Keer, Hilde; Verhaeghe, Jean Pierre

    2005-01-01

    The authors evaluated the effectiveness of explicit reading comprehension strategies instruction, followed by practice in teacher-led whole-class activities (STRAT), reciprocal same-age (STRAT + SA) peer-tutoring activities, or cross-age peer-tutoring activities (STRAT + CA) on 2nd and 5th graders' reading comprehension and self-efficacy…

  5. An Attempt towards Learner Autonomy in L2 (English) an L3 (Arabic) Reading through Cognitive and Metacognitive Reading Strategy Instruction (CMRSI) in L2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Talebi, Seyed Hassan

    2009-01-01

    This experimental study was intended to raise learner autonomy among Iranian native speakers of Persian in their L2 (English) and L3 (Arabic) reading comprehension through cognitive and metacognitive reading strategies instruction (CMRSI). The subjects of the study were divided into intermediate and advanced English language proficiency levels and…

  6. Compiler-assisted multiple instruction rollback recovery using a read buffer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Alewine, Neal J.; Chen, Shyh-Kwei; Fuchs, W. Kent; Hwu, Wen-Mei W.

    1995-01-01

    Multiple instruction rollback (MIR) is a technique that has been implemented in mainframe computers to provide rapid recovery from transient processor failures. Hardware-based MIR designs eliminate rollback data hazards by providing data redundancy implemented in hardware. Compiler-based MIR designs have also been developed which remove rollback data hazards directly with data-flow transformations. This paper describes compiler-assisted techniques to achieve multiple instruction rollback recovery. We observe that some data hazards resulting from instruction rollback can be resolved efficiently by providing an operand read buffer while others are resolved more efficiently with compiler transformations. The compiler-assisted scheme presented consists of hardware that is less complex than shadow files, history files, history buffers, or delayed write buffers, while experimental evaluation indicates performance improvement over compiler-based schemes.

  7. Kindergarteners' concept development in science and literacy learning through Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moffit, Char Adelia

    The notion that "real work" is somehow different from authentic and engaging discovery is troublesome. (Passman, 2001, p.196) This qualitative case study examined science concept and literacy learning along with engagement of the students in a Kindergarten class in which science and literacy instruction was integrated through Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI). CORI is an instructional framework created to increase reading engagement by teaching reading comprehension strategies along with science concepts (Guthrie, et al., 1996). This study explored CORI at the Kindergarten level to examine how this curriculum framework engaged young learners in science concept and literacy learning. The study was grounded in the belief that concept learning can be engaging and motivating (Csikszentmihalyi, 1978). Data analysis resulted in five metaphors that show how the students took on multiple identities while engaged in learning concepts during CORI. Students took on the following identities: learner as docent, learner as explorer, learner as researcher, learner as author, and learner as expert. Prior to this study, the lowest grade level that CORI had been researched was 3rd grade. The present study examined the benefits of utilizing CORI with early literacy at the Kindergarten level and contributes to the body of CORI research demonstrating the potential of utilizing CORI at lower grade levels.

  8. Put Reading First: Positive Effects of Direct Instruction and Scaffolding for ESL Learners Struggling with Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Staden, Annalene

    2011-01-01

    The inability of many English second-language (ESL) learners to read at desirable levels is universal, but reasons for this and solutions have not yet been addressed. Within the South African teaching context especially there is a paucity of evidence-based research findings available on the literacy challenges faced by ESL learners and the…

  9. Reading and Technology: Viable Partners for Multiple Educational Settings: Telecommunications and Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dillon, Connie L.

    The predominant telecommunications technologies, video and computer-based telecommunications, have multiple applications for reading education. The telecomputers of tomorrow will process, store, create and transmit images which can be distributed via fiber optics networks in a manner similar to the voice communications of today. Thus, the…

  10. The AstroBiology Explorer (ABE) Mission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sandford, S. A.

    2003-01-01

    Introduction: Infrared spectroscopy in the 2.5- 16 micron range is a principle means by which organic compounds can be detected and identified in space via their vibrational transitions. Ground-based, airborne, and spaceborne IR spectral studies have already demonstrated that a significant fraction of the carbon in the interstellar medium (ISM) resides in the form of complex organic molecular species. Furthermore, the presence of D-enriched organics in meteorites suggests that a portion of these materials survives incorporation into protosolar nebulae. Unfortunately, neither the distribution of these materials in space nor their genetic and evolutionary relationships with each other or their environments are currently well understood. The Astrobiology Explorer (ABE) is a MIDEX mission concept designed to use infrared spectroscopy to address outstanding problems in Astrochemistry which are particularly relevant to Astrobiology and are amenable to astronomical observation. ABE is currently under study at NASA's Ames Research Center in collaboration with Ball Aerospace and Technologies Corporation and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. ABE was selected for Phase A study during the last MIDEX AO round, but has yet to be selected for flight.

  11. Manipulating instructions strategically affects reliance on the ventral-lexical reading stream: converging evidence from neuroimaging and reaction time.

    PubMed

    Cummine, Jacqueline; Gould, Layla; Zhou, Crystal; Hrybouski, Stan; Siddiqi, Zohaib; Chouinard, Brea; Borowsky, Ron

    2013-05-01

    Neurobiology of reading research has yet to explore whether reliance on the ventral-lexical stream during word reading can be enhanced by the instructed reading strategy, or whether it is impervious to such strategies. We examined Instructions: name all vs. name words (based on spelling), Word Type: regular words vs. exception words, and Word Frequency (WF) in print (log10 HAL WF) in an experiment while measuring fMRI BOLD and overt naming reaction time (RT) simultaneously. Instructions to name words increased overall reliance on the ventral-lexical stream, as measured by visible BOLD activation and the WF effect on RT, with regular words showing the greatest effects as a function of this reading strategy. Furthermore, the pattern of joint effects of these variables on RT supports the notion of cascaded, not parallel, processing. These results can be accommodated by dual-stream cascaded models of reading, and present a challenge to single-mechanism parallel processing models.

  12. The Relative Effects upon High School Students of Inductive and Programmed Instruction in the Close Reading of Poetry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiss, James David

    To examine the effects of inductive and programmed instruction in the close reading of poetry, four control classes of urban 11th graders receiving inductive instruction in poetry were compared with four equivalent experimental classes using programmed textbooks. Both groups were given free response tests on two poems: one poem, included in…

  13. Instructional Approaches in Middle-Level Reading Programs: A State-Wide Profile of Focus and Support

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Falk-Ross, Francine

    2009-01-01

    A survey of assessment and instructional approaches to literacy education in middle schools was distributed to coordinators of reading programs in schools state-wide in Illinois to determine the alignment between existing schools' literacy program organization and new directions mandated by researchers for instruction for young adolescents. This…

  14. The Effects of Explicit Instruction on the Reading Performance of Adolescent English Language Learners with Intellectual Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reed, Deborah K.

    2013-01-01

    This study sought to determine the effects of explicit phonics instruction and sight word instruction on the letter-sound identification and word reading of 13- to 15-year-old English language learners in the eighth grade who were identified as having intellectual disabilities (ID). Using a randomized single-subject design, four Hispanic students…

  15. Does Context Matter? Explicit Print Instruction during Reading Varies in Its Influence by Child and Classroom Factors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGinty, Anita S.; Justice, Laura M.; Piasta, Shayne B.; Kaderavek, Joan; Fan, Xitao

    2012-01-01

    This study examined preschool teachers' (n = 59) explicit print instruction during shared reading and considered whether the benefits of this practice to children's learning (n = 379) varied as a function of the classroom environment and children's developmental characteristics. Measures of explicit print instruction and the classroom environment…

  16. Dick Ran, Dan Ran, and so Did the Gingerbread Man: A Quick Survey of 20th Century Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savage, John

    1997-01-01

    Looks briefly at reading instruction throughout the 20th century, noting how it has moved from the alphabetic method, to the sight method of Dick and Jane, back to decoding, then to the extensive use of literature in whole-language programs, swinging back toward more skills instruction. Hopes that the millennium will allow the development of…

  17. Sight Word Reading in Children with Developmental Disabilities: A Comparison of Paired Associate and Picture-to-Text Matching Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fossett, Brenda; Mirenda, Pat

    2006-01-01

    Numerous instructional techniques have been used to teach sight word reading skills to individuals with developmental disabilities. The results of research incorporating paired associate instruction, in which familiar pictures are paired with unknown print stimuli, suggest that pictures ''block'' (i.e., interfere with) learners' ability to…

  18. The Effect of Morphological Instruction in Improving the Spelling, Vocabulary, and Reading Comprehension of High School English Language Learners (ELLs)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diaz, Ivan

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine if Morphological Instruction (knowledge of the Germanic, Latin, and Greek words, roots, and affixes of English) was an effective instructional approach towards accelerating the acquisition of spelling, vocabulary, and reading comprehension and closing at least a 6,000 word gap between English language…

  19. The Effects of Beginning Reading Instruction in the "Horizons" Reading Program on the Reading Skills of Third and Fourth Graders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tobin, Kevin G.

    2004-01-01

    This study is a follow-up on a previous study of the effects of 2 beginning reading programs implemented in 1st grade. In the previous study, 40 1st-grade students who were matched based on their Concepts About Print Test (Clay, 1979) and Phonological Segmentation Fluency from the Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS; Good &…

  20. Teaching Early Reading Skills to Children with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Using Computer-Delivered Instruction: A Pilot Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyler, Emily J.; Hughes, John C.; Wilson, Meadhbh M.; Beverley, Michael; Hastings, Richard P.; Williams, Bethan M.

    2015-01-01

    Many children with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (IDD) have considerable difficulty learning basic reading skills. Increasing evidence suggests individuals with IDD may benefit from instruction incorporating components of reading found to be effective for typically developing children. However, little research into reading…

  1. The Role of Phonology and Phonologically Related Skills in Reading Instruction for Students Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Ye; Trezek, Beverly J.; Luckner, John L.; Paul, Peter V.

    2008-01-01

    The article challenges educators to rethink reading instruction practices for students who are deaf or hard of hearing. The authors begin with a discussion of the role of phonology in reading, then summarize the evidence of phonological coding among skilled deaf readers and investigate alternative routes for acquiring phonologically related skills…

  2. Increasing Literacy Skills for Students with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: Effects of Integrating Comprehensive Reading Instruction with Sign Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beecher, Larissa; Childre, Amy

    2012-01-01

    This study evaluated the impact of a comprehensive reading program enhanced with sign language on the literacy and language skills of three elementary school students with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Students received individual and small group comprehensive reading instruction for approximately 55 minutes per session. Reading…

  3. The Influences of Inductive Instruction and Resources on Students' Attitudes toward Reading: Evidence from PISA 2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jhang, Fang-Hua

    2014-01-01

    The declining trend in the positive reading attitude of students' has concerned scholars. This paper aims to apply a 3-level hierarchical linear model to analyse how inductive instruction and resources influence both students' positive and negative attitudes towards reading. Approximately 470,000 15-year-old students, and their school…

  4. Live Webcam Coaching to Help Early Elementary Classroom Teachers Provide Effective Literacy Instruction for Struggling Readers: The Targeted Reading Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vernon-Feagans, Lynne; Kainz, Kirsten; Hedrick, Amy; Ginsberg, Marnie; Amendum, Steve

    2013-01-01

    This study evaluated whether the Targeted Reading Intervention (TRI), a classroom teacher professional development program delivered through webcam technology literacy coaching, could provide rural classroom teachers with the instructional skills to help struggling readers progress rapidly in early reading. Fifteen rural schools were randomly…

  5. Language of Instruction as a Moderator for Transfer of Reading Comprehension Skills among Spanish-Speaking English Language Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlo, María S.; Barr, Christopher D.; August, Diane; Calderón, Margarita; Artzi, Lauren

    2014-01-01

    This three-year longitudinal study investigated the role of language of instruction in moderating the relationships between initial levels of English oral language proficiency and Spanish reading comprehension and growth in English reading comprehension. The study followed Spanish-speaking English language learners in English-only literacy…

  6. Using In-Depth Science Instruction to Accelerate Student Achievement in Science and Reading Comprehension in Grades 1-2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vitale, Michael R.; Romance, Nancy R.

    2012-01-01

    This study focused on accelerating development of science knowledge and understanding at the primary level (grades 1-2) as a means for enhancing reading comprehension (i.e. early literacy). An adaptation of a grade 3-5 cognitive-science-based, instructional model ("Science IDEAS") that integrated science with reading and writing, this year-long…

  7. The Roles and Responsibilities of Elementary Reading Coaches and the Perceived Influence of Teacher Knowledge and Instructional Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massey, Susan L.

    2011-01-01

    The present study examined how elementary reading coaches interpreted their roles, how they allotted their time among various tasks, and their perceptions regarding the influence of their roles related to teacher knowledge and instructional practice in elementary schools receiving Reading First funding in one state Employing both quantitative and…

  8. Investigating the Effectiveness of Inquiry-Based Instruction on Students with Different Prior Knowledge and Reading Abilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Jing-Ru; Wang, Yuh-Chao; Tai, Hsin-Jung; Chen, Wen-Ju

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the differential impacts of an inquiry-based instruction on conceptual changes across levels of prior knowledge and reading ability. The instrument emphasized four simultaneously important components: conceptual knowledge, reading ability, attitude toward science, and learning environment. Although the learning patterns and…

  9. Reading Comprehension to 1970: Its Theoretical and Empirical Bases, and Its Implementation in Secondary Professional Textbooks, Instructional Materials, and Tests.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harker, William John

    This study was designed: (1) to determine current concepts of reading comprehension deriving from experimental investigations and theoretical statements, and (2) to establish whether these concepts are represented consistently in current secondary professional reading textbooks, instructional materials, and published tests. Current knowledge of…

  10. Improving Second Grade Student's Reading Fluency and Comprehension Using Teacher-Guided iPad® App Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Redcay, Jessica D.; Preston, Sean M.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: This study aims to examine the differences in second grade students' reading fluency and comprehension scores when using varying levels of teacher-guided iPad® app instruction to determine effective reading practices. Design/methodology/approach: This study reports the results of the quasi-experimental pre-post study by providing…

  11. Dynamics of Strategies-Based Language Instruction: A Study of Reading Comprehension and Problem Solving Abilities via Structural Equation Modeling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ghahari, Shima; Basanjideh, Mahin

    2015-01-01

    The study aimed at exploring the psychological as well as educational outcomes of strategies awareness and use. We set out to examine the effect of reading strategic investment on language achievement and problem solving ability (PSA). The participating EFL learners were heterogeneous in terms of reading instruction; two of the intact groups had…

  12. A Comparison of Reading Growth and Outcomes of Kindergarten Students with Cognitive Impairments to Their Typical Peers: The Impact of Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Folsom, Jessica Sidler

    2012-01-01

    This research addressed the early reading instruction of students with cognitive impairments included in general education kindergarten classrooms. Research from 2002 to 2011 on early reading instruction for students with mental retardation were reviewed and current trends in measurement, typical instruction, intervention, and achievement were…

  13. The effects of direct instruction on the single-word reading skills of children who require augmentative and alternative communication.

    PubMed

    Fallon, Karen A; Light, Janice; McNaughton, David; Drager, Kathryn; Hammer, Carol

    2004-12-01

    Current literature suggests a lack of empirically validated strategies for teaching reading skills to children who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). The current study implemented a single-subject, multiple-probe-across-subjects design to investigate the effects of direct instruction in single-word reading on the performance of students who use AAC. The instructional program targeted the reading skills of 5 participants who had severe speech impairments and ranged in age from 9 to 14 years old. All 5 participants reached criterion for matching targeted written words to corresponding pictures. Three of the 5 participants demonstrated generalization of reading skills to novel-word reading, and 4 of the 5 generalized reading skills to book contexts. Implications and directions for future research are discussed.

  14. Expanding the Role of K-5 Science Instruction in Educational Reform: Implications of an Interdisciplinary Model for Integrating Science and Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romance, Nancy R.; Vitale, Michael R.

    2012-01-01

    Addressed is the current practice in educational reform of reducing time for science instruction in favor of traditional reading/language arts instruction. In contrast, presented is an evidence-based rationale for increasing instructional time for K-5 science instruction as an educational reform initiative. Overviewed are consensus…

  15. Handbook and Annotated Software Bibliography. Microcomputers in ABE.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holter, Mary Patricia; Johnson, Carmen

    This handbook and annotated bibliography presents discussions, ideas, and resources useful to adult basic education (ABE) program teachers and administrators in implementing educational microcomputing, and describes microcomputer software programs that have been used successfully in ABE. The first part of the book, the handbook, is organized in…

  16. Using Basic Reading Skills Instruction and Formative Assessments to Teach an Adult with Traumatic Brain Injury to Read: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goddard, Yvonne; Rinderknecht, Laura

    2009-01-01

    Literacy expectations for persons with cognitive impairments, including impairments caused by traumatic brain injury (TBI), have remained quite low. Some researchers have suggested that educators move from a focus on teaching functional skills to teaching basic reading skills in a manner similar to instruction for nondisabled learners. The purpose…

  17. Reading Reform and the Role of Policy, Practice and Instructional Leadership on Reading Achievement: A Case Study of Grissom Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrison, Faith Andrea

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore whether William Deming's 8 Step Model would increase reading achievement in 3rd grade students. The study investigated how well the process based plan-do-check-act model when used as a treatment with fidelity, coupled with the principal as instructional leader would result in success in the age of…

  18. Content Area Reading Instruction for Secondary Teacher Candidates: A Case Study of a State-Required Online Content Area Reading Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biggs, Brad

    2014-01-01

    This dissertation examined in a state-required, online preservice teacher course in content area reading instruction (CARI) at a large land-grant university in Minnesota. Few studies have been published to date on revitalized literacy teacher preparation efforts in CARI (See Vagle, Dillon, Davison-Jenkins, & LaDuca, 2005; Dillon, O'Brien,…

  19. Readings and Resources about Reading Instruction for Young Children with Learning Disabilities. Companion Mini-Bibliography to ERIC Digest #E540. ERIC Minibib.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Disabilities and Gifted Education, Reston, VA.

    This annotated bibliography and resource guide lists 29 references concerning reading instruction of young children with learning disabilities. Items include articles, books, and research reports, dating from 1988 through 1994. Items are listed alphabetically by author. Each listing includes bibliographic information and a brief abstract…

  20. Reading First: States Report Improvements in Reading Instruction, but Additional Procedures Would Clarify Education's Role in Ensuring Proper Implementation by States. Report to Congressional Requesters. GAO-07-161

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ashby, Cornelia M.

    2007-01-01

    The Reading First program was designed to help students in kindergarten through third grade develop stronger reading skills. This report examines the implementation of the Reading First program, including: (1) changes that have occurred to reading instruction; (2) criteria states have used to award sub-grants to districts, and the difficulties, if…

  1. Using Comic Books as Read-Alouds: Insights on Reading Instruction from an English as a Second Language Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ranker, Jason

    2007-01-01

    A first-grade teacher used comic books as read-alouds during her implementation of a reading/writing workshop. The students, primarily English-language learners, were able to make use of this medium in order to learn new reading practices. The teacher used the comics to teach multiple aspects of various reading processes such as reading with an…

  2. Never Too Late: Approaches to Reading Instruction for Secondary Students with Disabilities. Research to Practice Brief: Improving Secondary Education and Transition Services through Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clapper, Ann T.; Bremer, Christine D.; Kachgal, Mera M.

    This research brief discusses two reading instruction models for teaching secondary school students with disabilities. The first, Collaborative Strategic Reading (CSR), is designed specifically for students with learning disabilities and students who are at risk of reading failure. This strategy adapts reciprocal reading and incorporates…

  3. The Effect of Speed Reading Instruction on Japanese High School Students' English Reading Comprehension and Vocabulary Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Underwood, Paul; Myskow, Gordon; Hattori, Takahiko

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of a six-month course in speed reading in three areas of reading proficiency development: 1) general reading comprehension, 2) knowledge of high-frequency vocabulary, and 3) reading-rate and accuracy. The participants (N = 105) were Japanese students studying English as a foreign language in Grade 10 at a…

  4. Observing Communication During Oral Reading Instruction: A Critique of Past Research and a Report on the Development of a Taxonomy of Behaviors Useful in Field Based Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffman, James V.; Baker, Christopher

    The purpose of this paper is to report progress on the development of an observation instrument useful in characterizing the communication between teacher and student during oral reading instruction. The paper is divided into five major sections: (1) an overview of oral reading instruction at primary levels, (2) a theoretical perspective for…

  5. Reaching the Least Educated. 130 Local ABE Directors Tell How. Pennsylvania's Handbook on Recruitment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madeira, Eugene L.

    Based on the experience of 130 local adult basic education (ABE) directors in Pennsylvania, this guide presents suggestions for recruiting the least educated adults into ABE programs. Following an introduction that defines ABE and examines whose responsibility ABE is, the guide is divided into 12 chapters. Each of the chapters develops one…

  6. An Analysis of Specialized Reading Instruction in High School English Classes for Students with Disabilities Included in General Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beasley, Kathy Rosvold

    2010-01-01

    This study is a qualitative case study that examined and analyzed the instructional strategies implemented by high school English teachers when teaching reading to students with disabilities in inclusive classrooms. Ten teachers who teach high school English on collaborative teams made up of a general and a special educator participated in the…

  7. The Read-Aloud Accommodation during Instruction: Exploring Effects on Student Self-Perceptions and Academic Growth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Witmer, Sara E.; Cook, Elizabeth; Schmitt, Heather; Clinton, Marianne

    2015-01-01

    The read-aloud accommodation (RA) is frequently provided to students with high-incidence disabilities to facilitate their access to learning opportunities during instruction and to allow them to demonstrate knowledge and skills during testing. Empirical support for this accommodation has been somewhat mixed, and has primarily focused on…

  8. The Role of Elementary School Principals Supporting Teachers in the Instruction of Reading for English Language Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stein, Nadene B.

    2012-01-01

    This study utilized data gleaned from on-line surveys of primary level teachers and elementary school principals to understand what principals need to know and be able to do to support teachers in their instruction of reading for English Language Learners (ELLs). A review of five areas of literature provided a theoretical foundation for this…

  9. Reducing Reading Failure for Kindergarten Urban Students: A Study of Early Literacy Instruction, Treatment Quality, and Treatment Duration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yurick, Amanda; Cartledge, Gwendolyn; Kourea, Lefki; Keyes, Starr

    2012-01-01

    Six instructional assistants taught the Early Reading Intervention (ERI) curriculum to 38 at-risk kindergarten students, and 32 nonrisk students served as comparisons. Student risk was determined based on performance on the "Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills" subtests of Nonsense Word Fluency, Letter Naming Fluency, and Phoneme…

  10. Using an Informal Reading Inventory to Place Children in Instructional Materials: The Berea, Ohio In-Service Education Experiment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Dean

    A comparison was made of the effectiveness of a simulation-type inservice education program on teacher awareness of pupils' instructional reading levels in relation to the time of school year that the inservice program was conducted. Specific simulation processes, including sound films, audio tapes, overhead transparencies, and instructional…

  11. Promise and Possibilities of Infusing Parent-Child Read Alouds with Comprehension Strategy Instruction: An Intervention Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Kathryn L.

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation is comprised of two manuscripts that resulted from a single study that tested the efficacy of teaching parents how to infuse comprehension strategy instruction into read alouds with their preschool-aged children. Twenty dyads, each composed of an incoming kindergartener and one of his or her parents, participated in this study.…

  12. Development of Reading Skills from K-3 in Spanish-Speaking English Language Learners Following Three Programs of Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nakamoto, Jonathan; Lindsey, Kim A.; Manis, Franklin R.

    2012-01-01

    The development of English and Spanish reading and oral language skills from kindergarten to third grade was examined with a sample of 502 Spanish-speaking English language learners (ELLs) enrolled in three instructional programs. The students in the transitional bilingual and dual-language programs had significantly higher scores than the…

  13. Talking to the Computer: A Prototype Speech Recognition System for Early Reading Instruction. Report No. 91-3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kantrov, Ilene

    While computer software that talks has become commonplace, software that listens still remains quite rare. A demonstration speech recognition program designed for early reading instruction developed in the mid-1980s never reached the market due to the immaturity of the technology and the volatility of the microcomputer hardware and software…

  14. First Language, Reading Skills in the Language of Instruction, and First-Semester Grades in a Canadian University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baird, Anne D.; Babb, Kimberley A.

    2014-01-01

    This study of first-year students in a Canadian university examined linguistic diversity and assessed associations with academic performance and reading abilities in English, the language of instruction. Among 68 students, 19 spoke English as a second language (secondary anglophones). Compared with 49 primary anglophones, these students'…

  15. Reflective Practice in an Online Literacy Course: Lessons Learned from Attempts to Fuse Reading and Science Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alvermann, Donna E.; Rezak, Achariya T.; Mallozzi, Christine A.; Boatright, Michael D.; Jackson, David F.

    2011-01-01

    Background/Context: One of several challenges to fusing reading and science instruction through the use of reflective practice arises from recent claims that it is questionable whether anyone can "make" preservice teachers into reflective practitioners. This challenge has implications for researchers and teacher educators in general, especially if…

  16. The Reading Turn-Around: A Five Part Framework for Differentiated Instruction. Practitioners Bookshelf, Language & Literacy Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Stephanie; Clarke, Lane; Enriquez, Grace

    2009-01-01

    This book demonstrates a five-part framework for teachers, reading specialists, and literacy coaches who want to help their least engaged students become powerful readers. Merging theory and practice, the guide offers successful strategies to reach your "struggling" learners. The authors show how you can "turn-around" your instructional practice,…

  17. Exploration of a Blended Learning Approach to Reading Instruction for Low SES Students in Early Elementary Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schechter, Rachel; Macaruso, Paul; Kazakoff, Elizabeth R.; Brooke, Elizabeth

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the potential benefits of a blended learning approach on the reading skills of low socioeconomic status students in Grades 1 and 2. Treatment students received English language arts instruction that was both teacher-led and technology-based. Comparisons were made with control students who received the same English language…

  18. Improving K-2 Reading Instruction through the Use of a Coaching Model with Onsite Professional Development: An Action Research Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harms, Paula J.

    2013-01-01

    Reading instruction at the K-2 grade levels is of utmost importance for a student's education. The foundational skills acquired during this time period will serve a student throughout their life. Elementary teachers often feel unprepared for the demands of the struggling, proficient and advanced readers within their classrooms. The professional…

  19. Perception of Reading Instruction and Self-Regulated Learning: A Comparison between Chinese Students in Hong Kong and Beijing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lau, Kit-ling; Chen, Xiao-bo

    2013-01-01

    Based on the theoretical framework of self-regulated learning (SRL), the study aimed to examine whether the proposed relationship between classroom environment and students' SRL was applicable in the case of Chinese readers. In this study, a questionnaire measuring students' perception of reading instruction, strategy use, and reading…

  20. The Effects of Phonemic Awareness Instruction in First Grade on the Reading Scores of Rural Primary Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thornton, Linda H.; Vinzant, Rebecca S.

    A study investigated the effect of phonemic awareness instruction on the reading ability of first and second grade students. Participants were 100 second graders who had been in 5 first grades at Westside Elementary in Searcy, Arkansas. Using a posttest only control group design and a t test for independent samples, it was found that second grade…

  1. Middle School Language Arts Teacher Decision-Making Compared to the Reading Next Report's Instructional Elements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Geralee

    2012-01-01

    This mixed-methods, collective case study approach explored how one district's forty-four language arts teachers in grades 6, 7, and 8 used their core literacy programs to incorporate the nine instructional elements recommended by the Reading Next report (Biancarosa & Snow, 2006) into the district's literacy program. Acknowledging…

  2. What Teachers Want: A Statewide Survey of Reading and English Language Arts Teachers' Instructional Materials, Preferences, and Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lenski, Susan; Larson, Mindy; McElhone, Dot; Davis, Dennis S.; Lauritzen, Carol; Villagómez, Amanda; Yeigh, Maika; Landon-Hays, Melanie; LeJeune, Marie; Scales, W. David

    2016-01-01

    This study reports the results of a survey of a representative sample of 1,206 elementary reading and English Language Arts teachers in Oregon to learn (1) what materials are currently being used, (2) what materials teachers would prefer, and (3) what instructional practices teachers use. Qualitative data included 365 comments and 34 interviews…

  3. Supporting Extensive Reading in a University Where English Is Used as a Second Language and a Medium of Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chiu, Hazel

    2015-01-01

    Extensive reading has long been considered as a potent means for facilitating language acquisition for second language learners, especially in the contexts of primary and secondary schools where students are elementary or intermediate learners. In one of the universities in Hong Kong where English is used as a medium of instruction, the…

  4. Teaching Reading Comprehension and Language Skills to Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Developmental Disabilities Using Direct Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flores, Margaret M.; Nelson, Cynthia; Hinton, Vanessa; Franklin, Toni M.; Strozier, Shaunita D.; Terry, LaTonya; Franklin, Susan

    2013-01-01

    There is limited research demonstrating Direct Instruction (DI) as an effective reading comprehension intervention for students with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and developmental disabilities (DD). Previous research has shown that DI, when portions of the program were implemented, resulted in increased skills (Flores & Ganz, 2007; Flores…

  5. Readability as Applied to an ABE Assessment Instrument.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, M. C.; Wahlstrom, M. W.

    1986-01-01

    Examines the procedure for applying the Fog, Flesch, and Fry readability formulas to the Internal, Powerful Others, and Chance Scales and for modifying the instrument for use with adult basic education (ABE) students. (Author/CH)

  6. Isotopic composition of tellurium in the Abee meteorite

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, C.L.; De Laeter, J.R.

    1986-03-01

    The research of Smith et al. (1978) and Oliver et al. (1981) on the Abee meteorite's possible negative tellurium anomaly is extended. Two sets of measurements of the tellurium isotopic composition of Abee are reported, and the meteoritic data are compared with a terrestrial tellurium standard. No isotopic anomalies can be distinguished within the error limits. However, further work on the isotopic composition of Te in residues from the Allende meteorite need to be pursued by accurate mass spectrometric analysis. 23 references

  7. The Reading Glitch: How the Culture Wars Have Hijacked Reading Instruction--And What We Can Do about It

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherman, Lee; Ramsey, Betsy

    2006-01-01

    Reading disability and illiteracy are among the most pressing educational issues facing the United States today. At least 40 percent of America's fourth-graders are unable to read at grade level and a similar proportion of adults read at the lowest two levels of prose literacy. Here, the authors present an unflinching examination of the science…

  8. Collaborative Strategic Reading as a Means To Enhance Peer-Mediated Instruction for Reading Comprehension and Content-Area Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vaughn, Sharon; Klingner, Janette K.; Bryant, Diane P.

    2001-01-01

    This article summarizes studies conducted with Collaborative Strategic Reading (CSR), a program designed to enhance reading comprehension and content-area reading for diverse learners. It describes the stages of CSR development and discusses the role of peer-mediated learning in improving the social and academic outcomes of participating students.…

  9. Writing to Read: A Meta-Analysis of the Impact of Writing and Writing Instruction on Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graham, Steve; Hebert, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Reading is critical to students' success in and out of school. One potential means for improving students' reading is writing. In this meta-analysis of true and quasi-experiments, Graham and Herbert present evidence that writing about material read improves students' comprehension of it; that teaching students how to write improves their reading…

  10. Teaching Students Who Struggle with Learning to Think before, while, and after Reading: Effects of Self-Regulated Strategy Development Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mason, Linda H.

    2013-01-01

    Explicit strategy instruction combined with student-directed self-regulation in conjunction with cognitive strategies has proven effective in supporting low-achieving students' reading comprehension. Experts have extended 1 such approach, self-regulated strategy development (SRSD) for the expository reading comprehension Think before reading,…

  11. First Grade Teachers' Perceptions of the Five Strands of Effective Reading Instruction and Their Possible Influence on Daily Instructional Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nguyen, Nghia Van

    2013-01-01

    First grade teachers play a critical role in shaping the foundation for early literacy skills acquisition of primary students. Past research studies have indicated that primary students whose teachers followed the"Big 5 Ideas" to teach reading had higher reading abilities when compared to other students. The purpose of this current…

  12. The Effects of Collaborative Strategic Reading Instruction on the Reading Comprehension of Middle School Students: Year 2 Replication

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, Elizabeth; Mohammed, Sarojani S.; Boardman, Alison Gould; Vaughn, Sharon; Klingner, Janette; Roberts, Greg; Leroux, Audrey; Solis, Michael

    2011-01-01

    The current study is the second in a series of multi-site, multi-year randomized control trials designed to test the efficacy of a fully developed intervention, Collaborative Strategic Reading (CSR), with adolescent readers. In year 1, the research questions were: (1) Does CSR improve reading comprehension for adolescent readers attending…

  13. The Effects of Collaborative Strategic Reading Instruction on the Reading Comprehension of Middle School Students: Year 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mohammed, Sarojani S.; Swanson, Elizabeth; Roberts, Greg; Vaughn, Sharon; Klingner, Janette K.; Boardman, Alison Gould

    2010-01-01

    This project is a multi-site, multi-year study designed to test the efficacy of a fully developed intervention, Collaborative Strategic Reading (CSR), with adolescent readers. In year 1, the research questions were: (1) "Does CSR improve reading comprehension for adolescent readers attending relatively low SES schools?"; and (2) "Does CSR improve…

  14. Supporting Young Second Language Learners' Reading through Guided Reading and Strategy Instruction in a Second Grade Classroom in Lebanon

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chaaya, Darine; Ghosn, Irma-Kaarina

    2010-01-01

    Learning to read in English still developing literacy in one's mother tongue is a challenge facing many young English language learners (ELLs) around the world. Reading progress of six young language learners was followed in a second grade classroom in an urban English-immersion school in Lebanon. Two of the six children were identified as…

  15. Effects of Explicit Instruction in Cognitive and Metacognitive Reading Strategies on Iranian EFL Students' Reading Performance and Strategy Transfer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aghaie, Reza; Zhang, Lawrence Jun

    2012-01-01

    This study explored the impact of explicit teaching of reading strategies on English-as-a-foreign-language (EFL) students' reading performance in Iran. The study employed a questionnaire adapted from Chamot and O'Malley's (1994) cognitive and metacognitive strategies framework. To test the effects of explicit teaching of cognitive and…

  16. Mathematical models of ABE fermentation: review and analysis.

    PubMed

    Mayank, Rahul; Ranjan, Amrita; Moholkar, Vijayanand S

    2013-12-01

    Among different liquid biofuels that have emerged in the recent past, biobutanol produced via fermentation processes is of special interest due to very similar properties to that of gasoline. For an effective design, scale-up, and optimization of the acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation process, it is necessary to have insight into the micro- and macro-mechanisms of the process. The mathematical models for ABE fermentation are efficient tools for this purpose, which have evolved from simple stoichiometric fermentation equations in the 1980s to the recent sophisticated and elaborate kinetic models based on metabolic pathways. In this article, we have reviewed the literature published in the area of mathematical modeling of the ABE fermentation. We have tried to present an analysis of these models in terms of their potency in describing the overall physiology of the process, design features, mode of operation along with comparison and validation with experimental results. In addition, we have also highlighted important facets of these models such as metabolic pathways, basic kinetics of different metabolites, biomass growth, inhibition modeling and other additional features such as cell retention and immobilized cultures. Our review also covers the mathematical modeling of the downstream processing of ABE fermentation, i.e. recovery and purification of solvents through flash distillation, liquid-liquid extraction, and pervaporation. We believe that this review will be a useful source of information and analysis on mathematical models for ABE fermentation for both the appropriate scientific and engineering communities. PMID:23072615

  17. Mathematical models of ABE fermentation: review and analysis.

    PubMed

    Mayank, Rahul; Ranjan, Amrita; Moholkar, Vijayanand S

    2013-12-01

    Among different liquid biofuels that have emerged in the recent past, biobutanol produced via fermentation processes is of special interest due to very similar properties to that of gasoline. For an effective design, scale-up, and optimization of the acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation process, it is necessary to have insight into the micro- and macro-mechanisms of the process. The mathematical models for ABE fermentation are efficient tools for this purpose, which have evolved from simple stoichiometric fermentation equations in the 1980s to the recent sophisticated and elaborate kinetic models based on metabolic pathways. In this article, we have reviewed the literature published in the area of mathematical modeling of the ABE fermentation. We have tried to present an analysis of these models in terms of their potency in describing the overall physiology of the process, design features, mode of operation along with comparison and validation with experimental results. In addition, we have also highlighted important facets of these models such as metabolic pathways, basic kinetics of different metabolites, biomass growth, inhibition modeling and other additional features such as cell retention and immobilized cultures. Our review also covers the mathematical modeling of the downstream processing of ABE fermentation, i.e. recovery and purification of solvents through flash distillation, liquid-liquid extraction, and pervaporation. We believe that this review will be a useful source of information and analysis on mathematical models for ABE fermentation for both the appropriate scientific and engineering communities.

  18. Sight word reading in children with developmental disabilities: a comparison of paired associate and picture-to-text matching instruction.

    PubMed

    Fossett, Brenda; Mirenda, Pat

    2006-01-01

    Numerous instructional techniques have been used to teach sight word reading skills to individuals with developmental disabilities. The results of research incorporating paired associate instruction, in which familiar pictures are paired with unknown print stimuli, suggest that pictures "block" (i.e., interfere with) learners' ability to recognize novel text. On the other hand, there is some evidence that both stimulus fading and picture-to-text matching techniques can be used successfully to teach sight word recognition. The present study used an adapted alternating treatments design (Sindelar, P. T., Rosenberg, M. S., & Wilson, R. J. (1985). An adapted alternating treatments design for instructional research. Education and Treatment of Children, 8, 67-76) to compare paired associate and picture-to-text matching techniques for teaching a small corpus of unknown words to two children with developmental disabilities. Results indicated that the picture-to-text matching condition was more effective than the paired associate condition for developing a small sight word vocabulary. Follow-up data for one participant showed that skills developed using the picture-to-text matching strategy were maintained 4 months after intervention. Further research is necessary to extend these findings, particularly in terms of the development of larger sight word vocabularies and the transition from sight word reading to more conventional reading skills. PMID:16112841

  19. Comprehension Instruction for Students with Reading Disabilities in Grades 4 through 12

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reed, Deborah K.; Vaughn, Sharon

    2012-01-01

    Many students with reading difficulties in grades 4 through 12 experience challenges in understanding and learning from text. Some of these learners have demonstrated reading challenges from the early grades and have not acquired successful reading skills. Others were adequate readers in the early grades when word reading was the focus and when…

  20. The Risks of Initial Reading Instruction in an Immersion English as a Second Language Situation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Linda K.

    The progress and problems of five Spanish-speaking fourth graders who have learned to read only in English are traced. An attempt is made to ascertain the relationship between oral fluency in Spanish and English and reading ability in English, the effects of dialect-based miscues on reading comprehension, and the types of reading strategies these…

  1. Comparing two modes of teaching a question-answering strategy for enhancing reading comprehension: didactic and self-instructional training.

    PubMed

    Graham, L; Wong, B Y

    1993-04-01

    This study investigated the comparative efficacy of two instructional approaches--didactic teaching and self-instructional training--in teaching average and poor readers a comprehension question-answering strategy. Forty-five average students and 45 poor readers from Grades 5 and 6 participated. These 38 girls and 52 boys were equally and randomly assigned to one of three treatment conditions: didactic teaching of the strategy, self-instruction, or control (no training). Students in the first two treatment conditions learned a mnemonic strategy ("Here," "Hidden," and "in my Head") to indicate question-answer relationships that are text explicit, text implicit, or script implicit, respectively. Essentially, the 3H mnemonic cued students to use appropriate text and/or knowledge-base information in answering comprehension test questions. In addition, students in the self-instruction group learned three self-questions to guide their use of the 3H strategy. Specifically, the self-questions focused students' attention on the task, provided a basis for decision making concerning the categorization of comprehension test questions, and reminded students to check their answers. The results indicated that both didactic teaching and self-instructional training of the strategy effected significant improvements in students' reading comprehension performance. However, self-instructional training was more effective in enhancing and maintaining students' reading comprehension performance than didactic teaching. Moreover, results from the oral questionnaire indicated that the 3H strategy training increased students' general meta-cognitive knowledge. Lastly, of the 60 trained students, 52 wrote that they would encourage other children to learn the 3H strategy. Thus, the response to strategy learning was clearly positive.

  2. The effects of goal setting and self-instruction on learning a reading comprehension strategy: a study of students with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Johnson, L; Graham, S; Harris, K R

    1997-01-01

    This study examined the contributions of instruction in goal setting and self-instruction, separately and combined, on the acquisition, maintenance, and generalization of a reading comprehension strategy by fourth-through sixth-grade students with learning disabilities. A previously validated strategy involving the use of story structure to analyze and remember story content was taught to 47 students with learning disabilities using the self-regulated strategy development (SRSD) model. Comparisons were made among students with learning disabilities in four conditions (strategy instruction, strategy instruction plus goal setting, strategy instruction plus self-instruction, and strategy instruction plus goal setting and self-instruction). Result indicated that instruction in the reading strategy produced meaningful, lasting, and generalizable effects on students' story comprehension skills. Furthermore, the comprehension performance of the students with learning disabilities after strategy instruction was indistinguishable from that of a social comparison group of normally achieving students. Explicit instruction in goal setting and self-instruction, however, did not augment the comprehension performance of students with learning disabilities.

  3. Contexts of Reading Instruction: Implications for Literacy Skills and Kindergarteners' Behavioral Engagement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ponitz, Claire Cameron; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.

    2011-01-01

    This observational study examined kindergarteners' (n=170) exposure to literacy instruction in their classrooms (n=36), child-by-instruction interactions, and behavioral engagement in relation to literacy skills. Time spent in four instructional contexts was coded according to who managed children's attention (teacher-managed, TM or child-managed,…

  4. Both Theory and Practice: Science Literacy Instruction and Theories of Reading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Katherine Landau; Franks, Amanda D.; Kuo, Li-Jen; McTigue, Erin M.; Serrano, Jiniva

    2016-01-01

    Many journal articles detail recommendations to naturally integrate literacy instruction into content-area classes, particularly science, claiming that such instructional practices will support both literacy and content-knowledge acquisition. This begs the question, are the literacy strategies recommended for content-area instruction founded in…

  5. Reading Instruction in Tier 1: Bridging the Gaps by Nesting Evidence-Based Interventions within Differentiated Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Ruth E.; Yssel, Nina; Grant, Christina

    2012-01-01

    Response to Intervention (RtI) has brought about many changes in the way educational services are being provided to students who are at risk of school failure. Schools are seeking strategies that will be beneficial to more and more students, including those students whose instruction is primarily in the core, or Tier 1. Nesting proven,…

  6. Nuclear track records in the Abee enstatite chondrite

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Goswami, J. N.

    1983-01-01

    A determination of preatmospheric mass and a delineation of cosmic ray exposure history are made, through the study of nuclear track records in 14 samples taken from different locations of an Abee enstatite chondrite cut slab. Measured track densities in different samples range from 10,000 to 1,000,000/sq cm. Excess tracks of fissiogenic origin were found near the grain edges and across cleavage planes in eight enstatite grains out of the 300 analyzed. The track data rule out preirradiation of any of the analyzed samples with shielding of less than a few tens of cm. The isotrack density contours on the plane of the slab imply an asymmetric ablation of the Abee chondrite during its atmospheric transit. A sphere of about 30 cm radius approximates the preatmospheric shape and size of the Abee meteorite, which underwent a 70% mass loss during ablation.

  7. AstroBiology Explorer Mission Concepts (ABE/ASPIRE)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sandford, Scott; Ennico, Kimberly A.

    2006-01-01

    The AstroBiology Explorer (ABE) and the Astrobiology Space InfraRed Explorer (ASPIRE) Mission Concepts are two missions designed to address the questions (1) Where do we come from? and (2) Are we alone? as outlined in NASA s Origins Program using infrared spectroscopy to explore the identity, abundance, and distribution of molecules of astrobiological importance throughout the Universe. The ABE mission s observational program is focused on six tasks to: (1) Investigate the evolution of ice and organics in dense clouds and star formation regions, and the young stellar/planetary systems that form in them; (2) Measure the evolution of complex organic molecules in stellar outflows; (3) Study the organic composition of a wide variety of solar system objects including asteroids, comets, and the planets and their satellites; (4) Identify organic compounds in the diffuse interstellar medium and determine their distribution , abundance, and change with environment; (5) Detect and identify organic compounds in other galaxies and determine their dependence on galactic type; and (6) Measure deuterium enrichments in interstellar organics and use them as tracers of chemical processes. The ASPIRE mission s observational program expands upon ABE's core mission and adds tasks that (7) Address the role of silicates in interstellar organic chemistry; and (8) Use different resolution spectra to assess the relative roles and abundances of gas- and solid-state materials. ABE (ASPIRE) achieves these goals using a highly sensitive, cryogenically-cooled telescope in an Earth drift-away heliocentric orbit, armed with a suite of infrared spectrometers that cover the 2.5-20(40) micron spectral region at moderate spectral resolution (R>2000). ASPIRE's spectrometer complement also includes a high-resolution (R>25,000) module over the 4-8 micron spectral region. Both missions target lists are chosen to observe a statistically significant sample of a large number of objects of varied types in

  8. Toward a Lifetime of Literacy: The Effect of Student-Centered and Skills-Based Reading Instruction on the Experiences of Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Laura

    2010-01-01

    Educators agree that the teaching of reading is of critical importance in elementary classrooms. Debates swirl as researchers and educators alike attempt to determine the most effective instructional practices in developing student engagement and achievement. One side aligns itself with explicit instruction of discrete literacy skills, the other…

  9. Effects of Teacher-Directed and Student-Interactive Summarization Instruction on Reading Comprehension and Written Summarization of Korean Fourth Graders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jeong, Jongseong

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how Korean fourth graders' performance on reading comprehension and written summarization changes as a function of instruction in summarization across test times. Seventy five Korean fourth graders from three classes were randomly assigned to the collaborative summarization, direct instruction, and…

  10. Child Characteristics by Science Instruction Interactions in Second and Third Grade and Their Relation to Students' Content-Area Knowledge, Vocabulary, and Reading Skill Gains

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connor, Carol McDonald; Rice, Diana C.; Canto, Angela I.; Southerland, Sherry A.; Underwood, Phyllis; Kaya, Sibel; Fishman, Barry; Morrison, Frederick J.

    2012-01-01

    The associations among second- and third-grade students' content-area knowledge, vocabulary, and reading gains and the science instruction they received were examined in this exploratory longitudinal study. We also asked whether there were child characteristics x instruction interaction effects on students' content-area literacy. Second graders (n…

  11. Multimedia Book Reviews: An Instructional Resource Developed for and Disseminated by the National Reading Research Center. Instructional Resource No. 40.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reinking, David; Bonham, Steve

    This guide highlights the basic operation of software that provides a framework and tools for students to encounter computer-based multimedia reviews of the books the have read independently given minimal equipment and expertise, and suggests ways to go beyond the basic operation for those who have the capability to do so. After a background and…

  12. Effects of Extensive Engagement with Computer-Based Reading and Language Arts Instructional Software on Reading Achievement for Sixth Graders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Securro, Samuel, Jr.; Jones, Jerry D.; Cantrell, Danny R.

    2010-01-01

    K-12 school practitioners and schools administrators need reliable results about the effects of instructional technology products as they strive to meet achievement compliance levels in politically accountable local and national contexts in the U.S. This study presents evidence regarding the effects of extensive engagement with computer-based…

  13. The Relationship between the Level of Implementation of Scientifically Based Reading Instructional Practices in K-3 and Grade 3 Pennsylvania System of School Assessment Reading Achievement in Northeastern Pennsylvania

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fedor, Linda C.

    2013-01-01

    In 2000, the National Reading Panel (NRP) identified scientifically based reading instructional practices in the five key areas of phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency vocabulary, and comprehension. The purpose of this study was to determine the strength of the relationship between the degree of implementation of scientifically based reading…

  14. The Adult Basic Education (ABE) Teacher Development Project, July 1, 1999-June 30, 2000. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zane, Lawrence

    This paper describes the 1999-2000 Adult Basic Education (ABE) Teacher Development Project at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. The project's goals were to help the Hawaii Department of Education develop the infrastructure to provide continuous support to its ABE teachers and to disseminate information to and among ABE teachers. Its two…

  15. Reading Instruction: Secondary: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1978 (Vol. 38 Nos. 7 through 12).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

    This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 11 titles deal with the following topics: models for reading instruction for disabled readers based on humanistic education principles; the effects of levels and positions of questions on the comprehension and reading time of…

  16. An Example of How to Use Your Own Community As a Source for Teacher-Made Supplementary Materials for Reading Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Upper Cumberland Reading Project, Baxter, TN.

    Developed by the staff of the Upper Cumberland Reading Project, which was funded by Title III of the Elementary Secondary Education Act, this document focuses on reading instruction. It contains (1) a unit of study on the history and geography of the Upper Cumberlands, on famous Upper Cumberland natives, and on historic but little known places and…

  17. Effects of Three Comprehensive Models of Vocabulary Instruction during Shared Storybook Read Alouds on Kindergartener's Tier Two Target Word Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steuber, Julie Ann

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of three researcher-designed experimental models of vocabulary instruction during shared storybook read alouds on kindergarten children's Tier Two target word learning and maintenance of word knowledge. The Integrated Model consisted of two readings of the same storybook, direct…

  18. Supporting Reading Comprehension of At-Risk Pre-Adolescent Readers through the Use of Text-to-Speech Technology Paired with Strategic Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Susan D.

    2009-01-01

    This research highlighted the use of text-to-speech technology and current shifts in strategy-based reading instruction in order to address the comprehension needs of struggling pre-adolescent readers. The following questions were posed: (a) Does reading comprehension of preadolescent struggling readers improve as the direct result of using…

  19. The Efficacy of Instructor-Guided Supplemental Instruction as a Strategy for Helping Reading-Deficient College Students Improve Testing and Assessment Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartley-Lukula, Audrey

    2013-01-01

    This research project examined whether the use of Instructor-guided Supplemental Instruction as a classroom scaffolding technique, might help improve testing and assessment reading outcomes for reading-deficient college students. The study was completed at Tennessee State University in Nashville, Tennessee over the 16-week Fall, 2012 semester…

  20. The Influence of Peer Tutors and Technology-Actuated Reading Instruction Process on Third-Grade Students' Self-Perceptions as Readers: A Multiple Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daw, Brenda Shill

    2011-01-01

    Driven by Lev Vygotsky's Sociocultural Theory (1986), my study investigated the self-perceptions and interactions of seven underperforming, third-grade readers while using Technology-Actuated Reading Instruction (TARI). Partnered with same-age peer tutors, readers used digital tools to listen to, read/record, and playback oral reading…