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Sample records for abscesses successfully treated

  1. Primary iliopsoas abscess successfully treated by ultrasonographically guided percutaneous drainage.

    PubMed

    Ohara, N; Tominaga, O; Uchiyama, M; Nakano, H; Muto, T

    1998-01-01

    We report a case of primary iliopsoas abscess successfully treated by ultrasonographically guided percutaneous drainage. A 56-year-old man presented at our hospital with lumbago, right-sided back pain, fever (temperature 38.5 degrees C) and chills. On physical examination, we found dark red skin, swelling, and tenderness localized at the right side at the back of his waist. Laboratory examination showed leukocytosis (white blood cell count 9700/mm3) with a leftward shift and elevated C-reactive protein (5.2 mg/dl). Ultrasonography (US), computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a hypodense lesion in the right iliopsoas muscle extending to the subcutaneous tissue. About 50 ml of thick yellow pus was obtained by ultrasonographically guided aspiration drainage. A drain catheter was inserted in the abscess cavity. Laboratory findings improved and clinical symptoms abated rapidly after drainage. On the twenty-first day after drainage, US and CT showed that the abscess was no longer present. The patient was discharged after 32 days of hospitalization. As possible primary diseases causing iliopsoas abscess, such as digestive tract disease, tuberculosis, and osteomyelitis, were not found, we diagnosed the disease as primary iliopsoas abscess. Although surgical drainage has been performed in most reported cases of iliopsoas abscess, this case report shows that ultrasonographically guided percutaneous drainage is also effective for treating primary iliopsoas abscess if it is diagnosed early enough.

  2. Pulmonary nocardiosis associated with cerebral abscess successfully treated by co-trimoxazole: a case report.

    PubMed

    Eshraghi, Seyyed Saeed; Heidarzadeh, Siamak; Soodbakhsh, Abdolreza; Pourmand, Mohammadreza; Ghasemi, Amir; GramiShoar, Mohsen; Zibafar, Ensieh; Aliramezani, Amir

    2014-07-01

    Nocardiosis is an acute or chronic infectious disease caused by the soil-borne filamentous bacteria belonging to the genus Nocardia. The organisms opportunistically infect both immunocompromised and immunocompetent individuals. The lungs are the primary site of infection and brain abscess is, by far, the most common complication following nocardial metastasis from pulmonary lesions. Although surgical intervention must always be considered in the treatment of nocardial brain abscess, it can obviously be cured by antibiotic therapy alone. This report describes a case infected by Nocardia cyriacigeorgica. Identification of the infectious agent was achieved by conventional and semi-nested PCR techniques. A 55-year-old woman with fever was referred to the infect disclinic of Imam Khomeini hospital in Tehran and was hospitalized after clinical assessment. She was a kidney transplant recipient for 4 years and was taking immunosuppressive treatment including azathioprine and methylprednisolone. Follow-up of the patient by CT scan revealed pulmonary infection and cerebral lesions. Specimens of the brain lesions contained filamentous bacteria. The patient received a combination of co-trimoxazole and ceftriaxone and brain abscesses as well as lung inflammation disappeared gradually during the course of antibiotic therapy within 3 months. The patient was discharged from the hospital after 2 months of therapy.

  3. Successful medical treatment of spinal epidural abscess.

    PubMed

    Xiao, Bo-Ren; Wang, Chih-Wei; Lin, Jung-Chung; Chang, Feng-Yee

    2008-04-01

    Spinal epidural abscess is a rare but potentially fatal disease. A 67-year-old female suffered fever and painful swelling of the right knee and lower leg for one week. Both synovial fluid and blood cultures yielded methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus. Low back pain developed and fever was sustained despite the administration of intravenous oxacillin. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the thoracolumbar spine revealed spinal epidural abscess from T12 to S1. Because of severe hypoalbuminemia and general anasarca and followed by exploratory laparotomy for massive duodenal bleeding, she did not receive surgical intervention for the spinal epidural abscess. After intravenous administration of oxacillin 2 g 4-hourly for 12 weeks, she recovered and follow-up MRI confirmed the efficacy of the medical treatment. She remained well at 1-year follow-up. In a patient with minimal neurological deficit or surgical contraindication, spinal epidural abscess can be successfully treated with a medical regimen.

  4. Spinal epidural abscess successfully treated with percutaneous, computed tomography-guided, needle aspiration and parenteral antibiotic therapy: case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Lyu, Rong-Kuo; Chen, Chi-Jen; Tang, Lok-Ming; Chen, Sien-Tsong

    2002-08-01

    We describe a case of a posterior spinal epidural abscess that was successfully treated with percutaneous, computed tomography-guided, needle aspiration and parenteral antibiotic therapy. A 48-year-old man experienced acute pain in the paralumbar region for 1 week, followed by gait disturbance and micturition difficulty. Laboratory studies demonstrated leukocytosis and hyperglycemia. Blood cultures yielded Staphylococcus aureus. Magnetic resonance imaging scans of the thoracolumbar spine revealed a posterior spinal epidural abscess located between L2 and the lower cervical spine. The patient's low back pain persisted despite 10 days of antibiotic therapy. Therefore, percutaneous, computed tomography-guided, needle aspiration was performed. The low back pain was relieved dramatically and immediately after the procedure. The spinal epidural abscess completely resolved after 6 weeks of antibiotic treatment. Surgical decompression and antibiotic therapy are the treatments of choice for patients with spinal epidural abscesses. Selected patients may be treated nonsurgically. Rarely, percutaneous drainage of the abscess has been reported to be helpful. Our case suggests that percutaneous, computed tomography-guided, needle aspiration might be a rational alternative to surgical decompression for treatment of spinal epidural abscesses.

  5. Abscess

    MedlinePlus

    ... liver abscess Anorectal abscess Bartholin abscess Brain abscess Epidural abscess Peritonsillar abscess Pyogenic liver abscess Skin abscess Spinal ... Anorectal abscess Bartholin cyst or abscess Brain abscess Epidural abscess Peritonsillar abscess Pyogenic liver abscess Skin abscess Spinal ...

  6. Prognostic indications of the failure to treat amoebic liver abscesses

    PubMed Central

    Sánchez-Aguilar, Martín; Morán-Mendoza, Onofre; Herrera-Hernández, Miguel F; Hernández-Sierra, Juan Francisco; Mandeville, Peter B; Tapia-Pérez, J Humberto; Sánchez-Reyna, Martín; Sánchez-Rodríguez, José Juan; Gordillo-Moscoso, Antonio

    2012-01-01

    Objectives To identify the variables that predict the failure to treat amoebic liver abscesses. Methods We prospectively carried out a case–control study on a cohort of patients who had been diagnosed with amoebic liver abscesses using clinical, ultrasonic, and serologic methods. Patients with pyogenic abscesses, negative ELISA tests for amoebiasis, immunosuppression status, or previous abdominal surgery were excluded. All patients received metronidazole, and those who demonstrated 4 days of unfavorable clinical responses received percutaneous or surgical draining of the abscess. Demographic, laboratory, and ultrasonographic characteristics were assessed as prognostic indications of failure. Results Of 40 patients with amoebic liver abscess, 24 (mean age: 36.7±11.2 years) responded to medical treatment and 16 (41.8±11.6 years) required drainage, including 14 patients who underwent percutaneous drainage and two patients who required surgery. The albumin level, abscess volume, abscess diameter, and alkaline phosphatase level were all statistically significant (P<0.05) on the bivariate analysis. The highest (>99%) sensitivity and negative predictive value were observed for an abscess volume >500 ml and diameter >10 cm, while the best specificity and positive predictive value were achieved with the combination of low serum albumin level, high alkaline phosphatase level, and large abscess volume or diameter. Conclusions The prognostic indications of the failure to treat amoebic liver abscesses include low albumin, high alkaline phosphatase, and large abscess volume or diameter. The combination of these variables is a useful and easy tool for determining appropriate therapy. PMID:23265424

  7. Spinal epidural abscess treated with antibiotics alone.

    PubMed

    Pathak, Ashish; Singh, Poonam; Gehlot, Prateek; Dhaneria, Mamta

    2013-04-30

    Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is a rare clinical condition among children. Most patients do not present with classical signs. A 13-year-old boy without any predisposing factors presented with paraparesis, bladder and bowel involvement. MRI spine demonstrated an SEA at the C7 and D1 levels on both sides of the midline with cord oedema at the C2-3 to C6 level with minimal marrow oedema in the C6 vertebral body. We treated the patient with antibiotics (ceftriaxone and vancomycin) alone. The patient showed excellent response with only minimal residual gait disturbance at the end of 6 weeks of antibiotic therapy. This is the first paediatric report of complete recovery of a patient at clinical stage 4 following antibiotic treatment alone from India. However, caution should be exercised to closely monitor the patient's recovery as any progression in the neurological state warrants surgery.

  8. Successful medical management of intra-abdominal abscesses in 4 adult horses.

    PubMed

    Berlin, Dalia; Kelmer, Gal; Steinman, Amir; Sutton, Gail A

    2013-02-01

    Four adult horses with large intra-abdominal abscesses, suspected to be complications of strangles, were treated with systemic antibiotics alone and made a full recovery. The 100% survival rate is significantly better than other reported survival rates. The median duration of treatment (35 days) was shorter than in most previous reports. This study suggests that penicillin G can be used for successful treatment of strangles associated intra-abdominal abscesses in horses.

  9. Abscess

    MedlinePlus

    An abscess is a pocket of pus. You can get an abscess almost anywhere in your body. When an area ... parasites and swallowed objects can all lead to abscesses. Skin abscesses are easy to detect. They are ...

  10. Abscess

    MedlinePlus

    ... Loss Surgery? A Week of Healthy Breakfasts Shyness Abscess KidsHealth > For Teens > Abscess A A A What's ... and suddenly it's Pus City. What Is an Abscess? An abscess is an area of infected tissue ...

  11. Successful Treatment of Multifoci Nocardial Brain Abscesses

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Qingsheng; Zhan, Renya; Feng, Yiping; Chen, Jiajia

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Brain nocardiosis is a serious opportunistic infection with high mortality. It exists more common in the immunocompromised hosts than the immunocompetent patients. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMZ) has been mostly considered as the choice of the medical treatment. Linezolid is also newly found to be effective to avoid the invasive surgery. The authors reported a case of patient with multifoci nocardial brain abscesses who failed with the combination of linezolid and TMP-SMZ alone but recovered with the surgery intervention and sequential antibiotics for 2 years. The patient lived a high quality life without recurrence and complications during the 30 months follow-up. Through the literature review, we recommend earlier stereotactic aspiration for diagnosis, combination with surgery intervention and prolonged anti-infection therapy would improve the prognosis. PMID:25984673

  12. Irrigation of Cutaneous Abscesses Does Not Improve Treatment Success.

    PubMed

    Chinnock, Brian; Hendey, Gregory W

    2016-03-01

    Irrigation of the cutaneous abscess cavity is often described as a standard part of incision and drainage despite no randomized, controlled studies showing benefit. Our goal is to determine whether irrigation of a cutaneous abscess during incision and drainage in the emergency department (ED) decreases the need for further intervention within 30 days compared with no irrigation. We performed a single-center, prospective, randomized, nonblinded study of ED patients receiving an incision and drainage for cutaneous abscess, randomized to irrigation or no irrigation. Patient characteristics and postprocedure pain visual analog scale score were obtained. Thirty-day telephone follow-up was conducted with a standardized data form examining need for further intervention, which was defined as repeated incision and drainage, antibiotic change, or abscess-related hospital admission. Of 209 enrolled patients, 187 completed follow-up. The irrigation and no-irrigation groups were similar with respect to diabetes, immunocompromise, fever, abscess size, cellulitis, and abscess location, but the irrigation group was younger (mean age 36 versus 40 years) and more often treated with packing (89% versus 75%) and outpatient antibiotics (91% versus 73%). The need for further intervention was not different in the irrigation (15%) and no-irrigation (13%) groups (difference 2%; 95% confidence interval -8% to 12%). There was no difference in pain visual analog scale scores (5.6 versus 5.7; difference 0.1; 95% confidence interval -0.7 to 0.9). Although there were baseline differences between groups, irrigation of the abscess cavity during incision and drainage did not decrease the need for further intervention. Copyright © 2015 American College of Emergency Physicians. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Successful Treatment of a Large Pelvic Abscess Using Intraluminal VAC: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Aras, Abbas; Celik, Sebahattin; Kiziltan, Remzi; Yilmaz, Özkan; Kotan, Çetin

    2016-04-01

    The most feared complication of the surgical treatment of rectal cancer is anastomotic leakage, which is related to high rates of mortality and morbidity. Here, we present a patient who could not be treated with surgical drainage but treated by intraluminal Vacuum Associated Closure (VAC). A 34-year-old male patient was treated for rectal cancer by low anterior resection, colorectal anastomosis, and diverting ileostomy following neoadjuvant CRT. The patient reported with a postoperative anastomotic disruption and a large pelvic abscess. Due to the continuation of foul-smell drainage inspite of perianal incision and drainage, intraluminal VAC was applied and the pelvic abscess and the foul-smell were successfully treated. The presence of an adequate anal sphincter tonus is a disadvantage in anastomotic leakage, since it prevents the emptying of the intestinal content and also precludes the drainage of the pelvic abscess. The endoluminal application of VAC, similar to the results of application of VAC in open wounds, has been demonstrated to decrease fibrin and necrotic tissue in the pelvic cavity and increase granulation tissue. VAC, which has long been used in the treatment of open wounds, is a promising method in the treatment of large pelvic abscesses due to anastomotic leakage following rectum resection.

  14. Abscess

    MedlinePlus

    ... En Español Making a Change – Your Personal Plan Hot Topics Am I in a Healthy Relationship? Who ... compress by wetting a washcloth with warm — not hot — water and placing it over the abscess for ...

  15. Renal and perirenal abscesses

    SciTech Connect

    Patterson, J.E.; Andriole, V.T.

    1987-12-01

    Our knowledge of the spectrum of renal abscesses has increased as a result of more sensitive radiologic techniques. The classification of intrarenal abscess now includes acute focal bacterial nephritis and acute multifocal bacterial nephritis, as well as the previously recognized renal cortical abscess, renal corticomedullary abscess, and xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis. In general, the clinical presentation of these entities does not differentiate them; various radiographic studies can distinguish them, however. The intrarenal abscess is usually treated successfully with antibiotic therapy alone. Antistaphylococcal therapy is indicated for the renal cortical abscess, whereas therapy directed against the common gram-negative uropathogens is indicated for most of the other entities. The perinephric abscess is often an elusive diagnosis, has a more serious prognosis, and is more difficult to treat. Drainage of the abscess and sometimes partial or complete nephrectomy are required for resolution. 73 references.

  16. Multiple liver abscesses in a dog secondary to the liver fluke Metorchis conjunctus treated by percutaneous transhepatic drainage and alcoholization.

    PubMed

    Lemetayer, Julie D; Snead, Elizabeth C; Starrak, Greg S; Wagner, Brent A

    2016-06-01

    A 1-year-old German shepherd × husky cross dog was diagnosed with multiple liver abscesses and severe cholangitis secondary to the liver fluke Metorchis conjunctus. The dog was successfully treated with 2 percutaneous transhepatic drainage and alcoholization procedures, and a prolonged course of antibiotics and praziquantel.

  17. Multiple liver abscesses in a dog secondary to the liver fluke Metorchis conjunctus treated by percutaneous transhepatic drainage and alcoholization

    PubMed Central

    Lemetayer, Julie D.; Snead, Elizabeth C.; Starrak, Greg S.; Wagner, Brent A.

    2016-01-01

    A 1-year-old German shepherd × husky cross dog was diagnosed with multiple liver abscesses and severe cholangitis secondary to the liver fluke Metorchis conjunctus. The dog was successfully treated with 2 percutaneous transhepatic drainage and alcoholization procedures, and a prolonged course of antibiotics and praziquantel. PMID:27247459

  18. Fungal brain abscess caused by "Black Mold" (Cladophialophora bantiana) - A case report of successful treatment with an emphasis on how fungal brain abscess may be different from bacterial brain abscess.

    PubMed

    Aljuboori, Zaid; Hruska, Rob; Yaseen, Alae; Arnold, Forest; Wojda, Barbara; Nauta, Haring

    2017-01-01

    Central nervous system infection with Cladophialophora bantiana (Black Mold) is rare. It carries a high mortality rate, that is more than 70%, despite multimodal therapy. We present a rare case of "black mold" fungal brain abscess that was successfully treated with good patient outcome. The case is unusual because there were two fungal brain abscesses located bilaterally symmetrically in the mesial frontal lobes, and the response to different treatment strategies was well documented by over 25 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. Initial attempts to treat these lesions by repeated surgical excision and systemic amphotericin B was followed by continued growth rather than resolution. We realized that the application of treatment principles learned from bacterial brain abscess may not transpose intuitively to the treatment of fungal brain abscess. Therefore, a new treatment strategy was adopted that avoided further attempts at resection in favor of long-term oral voriconazole and repeated intracavitary aspiration and instillation of amphotericin B on an outpatient basis. Without further resection, the lesions stabilized and the aspirates eventually sterilized, however, the enhancing capsule never resolved on MRI scans. All treatment was stopped after 1 year. The apparently sterilized lesions have been followed for an additional 3 years without further growth, and the patient remains functionally, intellectually, and behaviorally normal. We conclude that, in the case of fungal abscess, it may be preferable to sterilize the lesion in situ rather than attempting to achieve resolution on imaging studies by repeated surgical resection of the capsule which can be counterproductive. This strategy accepts that the capsule may be important to the patient's immune defense against the fungus. Helping that defense barrier with intracapsular and systemic antifungal agents, rather than capsular removal, may be the better strategy for patients in whom early aggressive resection

  19. Amoebic liver abscess with hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm: successful treatment by interventional radiology.

    PubMed

    Yadav, Ajit K; Gupta, Saumya; Hariprasad, Sudarsan; Kumar, Ashish; Ghuman, Samarjit S; Gupta, Arun

    2015-03-01

    Amoebic liver abscess is most common extra-intestinal presentation of amoebiasis. It is rarely complicated with vascular involvement including thrombosis of hepatic vein or IVC and pseudo-aneurysm of hepatic artery. We describe a case of hepatic artery pseudo-aneurysm as a complication of amoebic liver abscess treated with percutaneous embolization.

  20. Post-traumatic hepatic artery pseudo-aneurysm combined with subphrenic liver abscess treated with embolization

    PubMed Central

    Sun, Long; Guan, Yong-Song; Wu, Hua; Pan, Wei-Min; Li, Xiao; He, Qing; Liu, Yuan

    2006-01-01

    A 23-year-old man with post-traumatic hepatic artery pseudo-aneurysm and subphrenic liver abscess was admitted. He underwent coil embolization of hepatic artery pseudo-aneurysm. The pseudo-aneurysm was successfully obstructed and subphrenic liver abscess was controlled. Super-selective trans-catheter coil embolization may represent an effective treatment for hepatic artery pseudo-aneurysm combined with subphrenic liver abscess in the absence of other therapeutic alternatives. PMID:16718774

  1. Successful treatment of liver abscess secondary to foreign body penetration of the alimentary tract: a case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Chong, Lee-Won; Sun, Cheuk-Kwan; Wu, Chin-Chu; Sun, Cheuk-Kay

    2014-04-07

    Hepatic abscess caused by foreign body penetration of the alimentary tract is rare. We report a case of gastric antrum penetration due to a toothpick complicated by liver abscess formation. A 41-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with the chief complaint of upper abdominal pain for 2 mo. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy performed at a local clinic revealed a toothpick penetrating the gastric antrum. Computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen at our hospital revealed a gastric foreign body embedded in the posterior wall of gastric antrum with regional phlegmon over the lesser sac and adhesion to the pancreatic body without notable vascular injury, and a hepatic abscess seven cm in diameter over the left liver lobe. Endoscopic removal of the foreign body was successfully performed without complication. The liver abscess was treated with parenteral antibiotics without drainage. The patient's recovery was uneventful. Abdominal ultrasonography demonstrated complete resolution of the hepatic abscess six months after discharge. Relevant literature from the PubMed database was reviewed and the clinical presentations, diagnostic modalities, treatment strategies and outcomes of 88 reported cases were analyzed. The results showed that only 6 patients received conservative treatment with parenteral antibiotics, while the majority underwent either image-guided abscess drainage or laparotomy. Patients receiving abscess drainage via laparotomy had a significantly shorter length of hospitalization compared with those undergoing image-guided drainage. There was no significant difference in age between those who survived and those who died, however, the latter presented to hospitals in a more critical condition than the former. The overall mortality rate was 7.95%.

  2. Successful treatment of liver abscess secondary to foreign body penetration of the alimentary tract: A case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Chong, Lee-Won; Sun, Cheuk-Kwan; Wu, Chin-Chu; Sun, Cheuk-Kay

    2014-01-01

    Hepatic abscess caused by foreign body penetration of the alimentary tract is rare. We report a case of gastric antrum penetration due to a toothpick complicated by liver abscess formation. A 41-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with the chief complaint of upper abdominal pain for 2 mo. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy performed at a local clinic revealed a toothpick penetrating the gastric antrum. Computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen at our hospital revealed a gastric foreign body embedded in the posterior wall of gastric antrum with regional phlegmon over the lesser sac and adhesion to the pancreatic body without notable vascular injury, and a hepatic abscess seven cm in diameter over the left liver lobe. Endoscopic removal of the foreign body was successfully performed without complication. The liver abscess was treated with parenteral antibiotics without drainage. The patient’s recovery was uneventful. Abdominal ultrasonography demonstrated complete resolution of the hepatic abscess six months after discharge. Relevant literature from the PubMed database was reviewed and the clinical presentations, diagnostic modalities, treatment strategies and outcomes of 88 reported cases were analyzed. The results showed that only 6 patients received conservative treatment with parenteral antibiotics, while the majority underwent either image-guided abscess drainage or laparotomy. Patients receiving abscess drainage via laparotomy had a significantly shorter length of hospitalization compared with those undergoing image-guided drainage. There was no significant difference in age between those who survived and those who died, however, the latter presented to hospitals in a more critical condition than the former. The overall mortality rate was 7.95%. PMID:24707157

  3. [Splenic abscess].

    PubMed

    Troncoso, P; Geni, R; Llanos, O

    1989-06-01

    Splenic abscess is an uncommon condition associated with a high mortality. In most cases an hematogenous focus can be identified. Early diagnosis is essential for recovery. CT scan and ultrasound tomography are the best diagnostic tools. The latter was used to establish the diagnosis in 2 patients who were successfully treated by surgery.

  4. Successful Treatment with Ultrasound-Guided Aspiration of Intractable Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Brain Abscess in an Extremely Low Birth Weight Infant.

    PubMed

    Park, Hyun-kyung; Kim, Young-soo; Lee, Young-soo; Oh, Sung-hee; Lee, Hyun Ju

    2015-01-01

    Brain abscesses are an uncommon and devastating complication of bacteremia in extremely low birth weight infants (<1 kg). We report a 25-week preterm neonate who developed a brain abscess 4 weeks following methicillin-resistant Staphyloccocus aureus (MRSA) sepsis. A huge brain abscess was seen with routine brain sonography on day 19 of life. Despite intravenous vancomycin treatment, the brain abscess increased in size and was associated with increased intracranial pressure on day 49 of life. The brain abscess was accompanied by mild meningeal inflammation with negative blood and cerebrospinal fluid cultures. Diagnosis of abscess was confirmed by bedside ultrasound-guided aspiration, and MRSA was isolated from the pus culture. The MRSA brain abscess refractory to vancomycin was successfully treated by surgical ultrasound-guided percutaneous needle aspiration of brain abscess and prolonged courses of antibiotic administration. At the time of this report, the infant was 9 months old (corrected age was 6 months) and had normal neurodevelopment for her corrected age on the Bayley Infant Neurodevelopmental Screener. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  5. Fungal brain abscess caused by “Black Mold” (Cladophialophora bantiana) – A case report of successful treatment with an emphasis on how fungal brain abscess may be different from bacterial brain abscess

    PubMed Central

    Aljuboori, Zaid; Hruska, Rob; Yaseen, Alae; Arnold, Forest; Wojda, Barbara; Nauta, Haring

    2017-01-01

    Background: Central nervous system infection with Cladophialophora bantiana (Black Mold) is rare. It carries a high mortality rate, that is more than 70%, despite multimodal therapy. Case Description: We present a rare case of “black mold” fungal brain abscess that was successfully treated with good patient outcome. The case is unusual because there were two fungal brain abscesses located bilaterally symmetrically in the mesial frontal lobes, and the response to different treatment strategies was well documented by over 25 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. Initial attempts to treat these lesions by repeated surgical excision and systemic amphotericin B was followed by continued growth rather than resolution. We realized that the application of treatment principles learned from bacterial brain abscess may not transpose intuitively to the treatment of fungal brain abscess. Therefore, a new treatment strategy was adopted that avoided further attempts at resection in favor of long-term oral voriconazole and repeated intracavitary aspiration and instillation of amphotericin B on an outpatient basis. Without further resection, the lesions stabilized and the aspirates eventually sterilized, however, the enhancing capsule never resolved on MRI scans. All treatment was stopped after 1 year. The apparently sterilized lesions have been followed for an additional 3 years without further growth, and the patient remains functionally, intellectually, and behaviorally normal. Conclusion: We conclude that, in the case of fungal abscess, it may be preferable to sterilize the lesion in situ rather than attempting to achieve resolution on imaging studies by repeated surgical resection of the capsule which can be counterproductive. This strategy accepts that the capsule may be important to the patient's immune defense against the fungus. Helping that defense barrier with intracapsular and systemic antifungal agents, rather than capsular removal, may be the better strategy for

  6. [Cord blood transplantation after successful treatment of brain abscess caused by Bacillus cereus in a patient with acute myeloid leukemia].

    PubMed

    Kuwabara, Hideyuki; Kawano, Tomoko; Tanaka, Masatugu; Kobayashi, Shoichi; Okabe, Gaichi; Maruta, Atsuo; Nagao, Takeshi; Ishigatsubo, Yoshiaki; Mori, Hiraku

    2006-11-01

    Central nervous system infection caused by Bacillus cereus is a rare condition, which often progresses rapidly and is fatal in immunocompromised patients. A 54-year-old woman with acute myelogenous leukemia fell into a coma with high fever during severe neutropenia while undergoing chemotherapy. A blood culture demonstrated the presence of B. cereus and magnetic resonance imaging showed multiple abnormal lesions in her brain. The patient was treated with meropenem and vancomycin, and recovered from the coma in a week. Antibiotic therapy was administered for seven weeks, and then she underwent cord blood transplantation for refractory acute myelogenous leukemia with successful engraftment without exacerbation of the brain abscess. This case demonstrates that brain abscess caused by B. cereus can be treated without surgical treatment.

  7. An unusual case of lung abscess caused by Acremonium species treated with itraconazole.

    PubMed

    Qazi, M S; Bowalekar, S S; Wanjare, V S; Shankar, A

    2015-01-01

    We present a report of a 37-year-old female with lung abscess due to Acremonium species that responded to oral itraconazole. There was a marked clinical as well as radiological improvement in patient. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of lung abscess due to Acremonium species which was treated by oral itraconazole. This cost-effective treatment modality proved to be significant in improving symptoms as well as morbidity in this patient.

  8. Corneal stromal abscessation in two horses treated with intracorneal and subconjunctival injection of 1% voriconazole solution.

    PubMed

    Tsujita, Hiroki; Plummer, Caryn E

    2013-11-01

    To describe and evaluate intrastromal and subconjunctival injection of voriconazole for the therapy of deep corneal stromal abscess (DSA) in horses. A retrospective clinical study describing the indications for intrastromal and subconjunctival voriconazole injection and the outcomes of this procedure in two eyes of two horses. The two horses in this study failed to respond to medical therapy. Treatment with intracorneal and subconjunctival administration of 1% voriconazole was performed in this study. Treatment with intracorneal and subconjunctival administration of 1% voriconazole was successful in resolving the corneal stromal abscess and the secondary uveitis. Immediate complications from the intracorneal injection occurred, which included corneal stromal lamellar fracture (2/2) and conjunctival hyperemia/chemosis (2/2). Also subconjunctival hemorrhage (1/2) due to the subconjuctival voriconazole injection occurred (2/2). Chronic complications of the intracorneal injection included mild-moderate corneal stromal fibrosis (2/2). This procedure may be an effective technique to treat refractory or relapsing DSA in horses. Intracorneal and subconjunctival voriconazole administration results in a visual and cosmetically acceptable globe. In equine DSA cases, the advantages of this technique compared with other medical and surgical approaches to this disease include shortened anesthesia times, minimal resultant scarring and shorter healing times, and lower cost of therapy. © 2012 American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists.

  9. A Case of Abdominal Abscess in Crohn's Disease: Successful Endoscopic Demonstration of an Obscure Enteric Fistula by Dye Injection via a Percutaneous Drainage Catheter

    PubMed Central

    Hamada, Toshihide; Kosaka, Keiichi; Sonde, Cho; Nakai, Kuniharu; Suenaga, Kenji

    2009-01-01

    Abdominal and pelvic abscesses occur in approximately 10–30% of Crohn's disease patients during the course of the disease; most of these abscesses have an enteric communication. For this condition, percutaneous abscess drainage (PAD) rather than emergency surgery has recently been recognized as a valuable procedure for initial treatment. However, in cases wherein the abscess is accompanied by an enteric fistula, the recurrence of abscess might be inevitable without the management of the enteric fistula. Therefore, demonstration and evaluation of the enteric fistula is essential to prevent abscess recurrence; however, this is not necessarily a simple procedure. Here, we report abdominal abscess accompanied by a rectal fistula in a patient with Crohn's disease; this condition was successfully treated by PAD. Furthermore, PAD was also useful in identifying the fistula by colonoscopy involving dye injection via the drainage catheter. To our knowledge, no previous literature has reported the use of dye injection via the drainage catheter for identifying a fistula during endoscopic examination. We present here the radiographic, sonographic, and endoscopic findings of this case. PMID:21103266

  10. Lobomycosis Successfully Treated with Posaconazole

    PubMed Central

    Bustamante, Beatriz; Seas, Carlos; Salomon, Martín; Bravo, Francisco

    2013-01-01

    Lobomycosis is a chronic subcutaneous mycosis for which no standard treatment is available to date. We describe a patient in Peru with lobomycosis on the left earlobe that was successfully treated with posaconazole for 27 months. No evidence of recurrence was observed after five years of follow-up. PMID:23546805

  11. Successful hepatectomy for hepatic abscess with chronic granulomatous disease: a case report.

    PubMed

    Muranushi, Ryo; Suzuki, Makoto; Araki, Kenichiro; Kubo, Norio; Otake, Sayaka; Nishida, Yutaka; Ishige, Takashi; Arakawa, Hirokazu; Kuwano, Hiroyuki; Shirabe, Ken

    2017-12-01

    Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), a rare inherited disorder, is characterized by impaired ability of phagocytic cells to kill certain bacteria and fungi. Although liver abscess is a common manifestation of CGD, its optimal management in these patients is unknown. Here, we present a case of successful hepatectomy for hepatic abscess in a patient with CGD. An adolescent patient with previously diagnosed CGD presented to the pediatrics department of our institution with fever. Blood tests showed high concentrations of inflammatory markers. A computed tomography (CT) scan showed a multilocular mass measuring 52 mm × 34 mm in hepatic segment 4 (S4). Blood cultures were negative. Despite administration of antibiotics and γ-globulin, his fever and high concentrations of inflammatory markers persisted and the mass did not change on CT scan images. Because the medications had proved ineffective and percutaneous drainage would have been difficult because of the honeycombing in the abscess, we performed hepatic S4a + S5 anatomic resection and cholecystectomy. Culture of the excised specimen was negative. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful. On day 62, CT showed no abscess around the resection stump. On day 81, he was transferred to undergo bone marrow transplantation. Surgical treatment for hepatic abscess can be effective when medical treatment has failed.

  12. Intracranial blastomycotic abscess mimicking malignant brain neoplasm: Successful treatment with voriconazole and surgery

    PubMed Central

    Arora, Kanika; Dawkins, Ross L.; Bauer, David F.; Palmer, Cheryl A.; Hackney, James R.; Markert, James M.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Cerebral blastomycosis is a rarely reported disease, and in the absence of associated, underlying systemic infection, poses a great diagnostic difficulty. Magnetic resonance imaging can sometimes provide equivocal information when trying to pinpoint a diagnosis. Classically, cerebral blastomycosis has been treated with amphotericin B. Voriconazole is a newer triazole antifungal with potential as a follow-up treatment of blastomycosis of the central nervous system after initial therapy with amphotericin B. Case Description: We describe one such case of a cerebral blastomycotic abscess, presenting in the absence of any systemic disease, which was initially thought to be a neoplasm. It was successfully treated by surgical resection followed by sequential amphotericin B and voriconazole. The patient did well with voriconazole therapy and was followed for voriconazole tolerance with liver function tests, which continued to be stable at 8 months past the initiation of therapy. At 12 months postoperatively, the patient was doing well and showed gradual improvement in a visual field cut, with no sign of recurrent infection. Conclusions: Isolated cerebral blastomycosis can present a diagnostic challenge. In the absence of systemic infection, surgical resection followed by antifungal therapy is a logical treatment plan. PMID:26673672

  13. Vertebral osteomyelitis complicated by iliopsoas muscle abscess in an immunocompetent adolescent: successful conservative treatment.

    PubMed

    Wu, Shun-Yao; Wei, Ta-Sen; Chen, Yen-Chun; Huang, Shih-Wei

    2012-10-01

    Vertebral osteomyelitis is rare in children. The lumbar spine is the most commonly involved region. Vertebral osteomyelitis occurs more frequently in the vertebral body, and involvement of posterior element is rare. Vertebral osteomyelitis results from hematogenous seeding, spread from contiguous infections, and direct inoculation from spinal surgery. Initial symptoms include low back pain, difficulty standing, limping gait, and fever. Blood cultures should be obtained for children with vertebral osteomyelitis because it is the definite guide for providing accurate treatment. Computed tomographyi-guided abscess aspiration should be considered for patients with negative blood cultures. Staphylococcus aureus is the most common microorganism in vertebral osteomyelitis, and the incidence of methicillin-resistant S aureus has increased in recent years. Plain radiographs, bone scintigraphy, and magnetic resonance imaging are useful for making the diagnosis. Antimicrobial therapy for 6 weeks is usually successful, and an early transition to oral form does not increase the risk of treatment failure. Debridement with implant removal is required, especially for late-onset infections associated with previous spinal surgery. Vertebral osteomyelitis can cause motor weakness and paralysis. Because of the involvement of spinal development, spinal deformities, including scoliosis and loss of normal lumbar lordosis, should be a concern in pediatric patients. Early diagnosis and adequate treatment for vertebral osteomyelitis are important to prevent severe complications and lifelong disabilities.This article describes the case of a 14-year-old boy with spontaneous lumbar vertebral osteomyelitis who initially presented with low back pain and was successfully treated nonoperatively.

  14. On the report of the first successful surgical treatment of brain abscess in the Ottoman Empire by Dr. Cemil Topuzlu in 1891.

    PubMed

    Mut, Melike; Dinç, Gülten; Naderi, Sait

    2007-10-01

    IN 1891, Dr. Cemil Topuzlu operated on a brain abscess that originated as a complication of a depression fracture of the cranial inner table. The patient presented with Jacksonian seizures on his left side after a sharp trauma resulting in a 15 cm-long scalp laceration and underlying linear cranial fracture in the right parietal bone. Dr. Topuzlu attributed Jacksonian epilepsy to the fracture irritating the motor area in the right hemisphere and attempted a craniotomy based on his measurements to localize the Rolandic fissure. The operation was complicated by a brain abscess, and Dr. Topuzlu reoperated to drain the abscess. He successfully treated the brain abscess and Jacksonian seizures and then presented this case in the Royal Society of Medicine of the Ottoman Empire and in the International Surgery Congress in Lyon in 1894. The case report was published in his surgery book in 1905. The case was not only the first case of brain abscess to be treated successfully with surgical intervention in the Ottoman Empire, it was also one of the first cases of neurological surgery performed using contemporary anesthesiological and surgical techniques, which reveals the importance of neurological examination and cerebral localization techniques in the era before x-rays. Dr. Topuzlu was the founder of modern surgery in the Ottoman Empire and deserves to be credited for his novel applications in the 19th century.

  15. Immature permanent teeth with apical periodontitis and abscess treated by regenerative endodontic treatment using calcium hydroxide and MTA: a report of two cases.

    PubMed

    Park, Mirae; Ahn, Byung Duk

    2014-01-01

    Regenerative endodontic techniques have been introduced to overcome the limits of the traditional apexification approach and allow continued root development after treatment of infected immature permanent teeth. The purpose of this report was to describe two cases with severe apical periodontitis and abscess that were successfully treated by regenerative endodontic treatment using calcium hydroxide. The report involves treatment of two patients who developed apical periodontitis and abscesses on their immature premolars affected by dens evaginatus. Regenerative endodontic treatment was performed using calcium hydroxide. The treatment procedures have been shown to result in increased thickening of root walls and encourage continued root development. Different outcomes were observed when calcium hydroxide was placed past and within the coronal half of the canal. Calcium hydroxide can be used as an effective medicament in regenerative endodontic technique, and successful regeneration can be expected even in severe cases of apical periodontitis or abscess.

  16. Successful treatment of a large implant periapical lesion that caused paraesthesia and perimandibular abscess

    PubMed Central

    Jafarian, Mohammad; Rayati, Farshid; Najafi, Elnaz

    2016-01-01

    Successful treatment of a large implant periapical lesion (IPL) that caused paraesthesia and perimandibular abscess. IPL is a pathologic phenomenon that rarely involves implants. This event first described in 1992 with an incidence rate of 0.26-9.9% and the origin is not well known. The most likely suggested causes are presence of preexisting bone pathology, contamination of implant surface, bone overheating during implant surgery, vascular ischemia, excessive tightening of the implant, fenestration of the buccal plate and different implant surface designs. In the present case report, we describe relatively large periapical lesions involving several implants caused severe abscess accompanied by transient inferior alveolar nerve paraesthesia and its successful management. A brief review of the literature and a discussion of possible causes and different treatment plans are also included. PMID:27076835

  17. Successful treatment of a large implant periapical lesion that caused paraesthesia and perimandibular abscess.

    PubMed

    Jafarian, Mohammad; Rayati, Farshid; Najafi, Elnaz

    2016-01-01

    Successful treatment of a large implant periapical lesion (IPL) that caused paraesthesia and perimandibular abscess. IPL is a pathologic phenomenon that rarely involves implants. This event first described in 1992 with an incidence rate of 0.26-9.9% and the origin is not well known. The most likely suggested causes are presence of preexisting bone pathology, contamination of implant surface, bone overheating during implant surgery, vascular ischemia, excessive tightening of the implant, fenestration of the buccal plate and different implant surface designs. In the present case report, we describe relatively large periapical lesions involving several implants caused severe abscess accompanied by transient inferior alveolar nerve paraesthesia and its successful management. A brief review of the literature and a discussion of possible causes and different treatment plans are also included.

  18. Evaluation of Continuous Irrigation and Drainage with a Double-Cavity Sleeve Tube to Treat Brain Abscess.

    PubMed

    Yang, Zhenxing; Du, Li; Liu, Renzhong; Jian, Zhihong; Wan, Yu

    2017-10-01

    Brain abscesses carries a high morbidity and mortality, and despite medical advances, it continues to pose diagnostic and therapeutic challenges worldwide. The traditional surgical approaches to treating brain abscess (burr hole aspiration and craniotomy) have both advantages and disadvantages and remain controversial. Here we report a single institution's experience with a new surgical approach for brain abscess. We retrospectively analyzed 46 patients with intracranial abscess who underwent continuous irrigation and drainage through a double-cavity sleeve tube placed surgically in conjunction with a 4-week course of intravenous cefotaxime and metronidazole at Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University between January 2008 and December 2016. The patients' medical records were analyzed for demographic data, clinical presentation, predisposing factors, imaging findings, microbiological test results, treatments, surgical techniques, and outcomes. The 46 patients included 29 males and 17 females, ranging in age from 22 to 74 years. A single abscess was detected in 34 patients, whereas 12 patients had multiple abscesses. The average duration of hospitalization was 12.6 days. After treatment, 38 of the 46 patients resumed a normal life despite minor deficits (Glasgow Outcome Score [GOS] 5), 6 patients exhibited slight neurologic deficits (GOS 4), and 2 patients died of severe systemic infection and multiorgan failure. In particular, a patient with a brain abscess broken into the ventricle recovered well (GOS 5). No patient required repeat aspiration or surgical excision. Continuous brain abscess cavity irrigation and drainage with a double-cavity sleeve tube is an effective treatment for brain abscess and produces excellent results, especially for an abscess broken into the ventricle. It combines the advantages of burr hole aspiration and open craniotomy excision. It is easy to perform and reduces costs and damage to the patient, and also shortens hospitalization time and

  19. [A patient with sepsis and a gas-forming liver abscess caused by Clostridium perfringens treated with continuous perfusion drainage].

    PubMed

    Kusumoto, Kiyonori; Hamada, Akihiko; Kusaka, Toshihiro; Yamaguchi, Daisuke; Yoshioka, Takuto; Nakai, Yoshitaka; Matsubara, Susumu; Azechi, Hidemasa; Fujii, Shigehiko; Kokuryu, Hiroyuki

    2014-07-01

    A 64-year-old man presented with diarrhea, fever, and disturbance of consciousness; he was subsequently diagnosed with acute renal and hepatic disorder. Abdominal computed tomography identified a gas-forming liver abscess, and the patient underwent emergency drainage. However, his condition did not improve, and Clostridium perfringens was observed in his blood culture. Continuous perfusion drainage was performed by placing an additional drainage tube, which resulted in abscess shrinkage and improved the patient's general condition. Despite the low survival rate in patients with gas-forming liver abscesses caused by C. perfringens, therapy was successful in this patient.

  20. Morphological Findings in Trophozoites during Amoebic Abscess Development in Misoprostol-Treated BALB/c Mice.

    PubMed

    Aceves-Cano, Andrés; Gaytán-Ochoa, Rocío; Ramos-Martínez, Ernesto; Erosa de la Vega, Gilberto; González-Horta, Carmen; Talamás-Rohana, Patricia; Sánchez-Ramírez, Blanca

    2015-01-01

    During amoebic liver abscess (ALA) formation in susceptible animals, immune response is regulated by prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) dependent mechanisms. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of misoprostol (MPL), a PGE1 analogue, on ALA formation in BALB/c mice. Male mice from BALB/c strain were intrahepatically infected with 7.5 × 10(5) trophozoites of E. histolytica strain HM1:IMSS and treated with 10(-4) M of MPL daily until sacrifice at 2, 4, and 7 days postinfection (p.i.). ALA formation was evaluated at 2, 4, and 7 days postinfection; trophozoite morphology was analyzed using immunohistochemistry and image analysis. Results showed an increase in frequency of ALA formation in infected and MPL-treated mice only at 2 days p.i. (P = 0.03). A significant diminution in the size of trophozoites was detected in abscesses from mice independently of MPL treatment (from 5.8 ± 1.1 µm at 2 days p.i. to 2.7 ± 1.9 µm at 7 days p.i.) compared with trophozoites dimensions observed in susceptible hamsters (9.6 ± 2.7 µm) (P < 0.01). These results suggest that MPL treatment may modify the adequate control of inflammatory process to allow the persistence of trophozoites in the liver; however, natural resistance mechanisms cannot be discarded.

  1. Morphological Findings in Trophozoites during Amoebic Abscess Development in Misoprostol-Treated BALB/c Mice

    PubMed Central

    Aceves-Cano, Andrés; Gaytán-Ochoa, Rocío; Ramos-Martínez, Ernesto; Erosa de la Vega, Gilberto; González-Horta, Carmen; Talamás-Rohana, Patricia; Sánchez-Ramírez, Blanca

    2015-01-01

    During amoebic liver abscess (ALA) formation in susceptible animals, immune response is regulated by prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) dependent mechanisms. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of misoprostol (MPL), a PGE1 analogue, on ALA formation in BALB/c mice. Male mice from BALB/c strain were intrahepatically infected with 7.5 × 105 trophozoites of E. histolytica strain HM1:IMSS and treated with 10−4 M of MPL daily until sacrifice at 2, 4, and 7 days postinfection (p.i.). ALA formation was evaluated at 2, 4, and 7 days postinfection; trophozoite morphology was analyzed using immunohistochemistry and image analysis. Results showed an increase in frequency of ALA formation in infected and MPL-treated mice only at 2 days p.i. (P = 0.03). A significant diminution in the size of trophozoites was detected in abscesses from mice independently of MPL treatment (from 5.8 ± 1.1 µm at 2 days p.i. to 2.7 ± 1.9 µm at 7 days p.i.) compared with trophozoites dimensions observed in susceptible hamsters (9.6 ± 2.7 µm) (P < 0.01). These results suggest that MPL treatment may modify the adequate control of inflammatory process to allow the persistence of trophozoites in the liver; however, natural resistance mechanisms cannot be discarded. PMID:26090455

  2. Brain abscesses during Proteus vulgaris bacteremia.

    PubMed

    Bloch, Jennifer; Lemaire, Xavier; Legout, Laurence; Ferriby, Didier; Yazdanpanah, Yazdan; Senneville, Eric

    2011-08-01

    Proteus vulgaris is only rarely the cause of multiple septic metastases. We describe multiple brain abscesses due to P. vulgaris in an immunocompetent patient successfully treated by antibiotic therapy and colonectomy.

  3. Laparoscopic Drainage of Pyogenic Liver Abscess

    PubMed Central

    Aydin, Cemalettin; Piskin, Turgut; Sumer, Fatih; Barut, Bora

    2010-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Pyogenic liver abscesses are mainly treated by percutaneous aspiration or drainage under antibiotic cover. If interventional radiology fails, surgical drainage becomes necessary. Recently, we performed laparoscopic liver abscess drainage successfully, and we aimed to focus on the topic in light of a systematic review of the literature. Methods: A 22-year-old man was admitted with a 4.5-cm multiloculated abscess in the left lobe of the liver. The abscess did not resolve with antibiotic-alone therapy. Percutaneous aspiration was unsuccessful due to viscous and multiloculated contents. Percutaneous catheter placement was not amenable. Laparoscopic abscess drainage was preferred over open abscess drainage. We used 3 trocars, operation time was 40 minutes, and blood loss was minimal. In the mean time, we searched PubMed using the key words [(liver OR hepatic) abscess*] AND [laparoscop* OR (minimal* AND invasiv*)]. Results: Postoperative recovery of the patient was uneventful, and the patient was asymptomatic after 3 months of follow-up. In the literature search, we found 53 liver abscesses (51 pyogenic and 2 amebic) that were treated by laparoscopy. Mean success rate was 90.5% (range, 85% to 100%) and conversion rate was zero. Conclusion: Treatment of liver abscess is mainly percutaneous drainage. Laparoscopic drainage should be selected as an alternative before open drainage when other modalities have failed. PMID:21333200

  4. Bacillus cereus brain abscesses occurring in a severely neutropenic patient: successful treatment with antimicrobial agents, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and surgical drainage.

    PubMed

    Sakai, C; Iuchi, T; Ishii, A; Kumagai, K; Takagi, T

    2001-07-01

    Multiple brain and liver abscesses developed immediately after Bacillus cereus bacteremia in a neutropenic patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. After even 8 weeks of antimicrobial chemotherapy together with administration of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, every infectious process disappeared but the patient's headache has still persisted. Because the wall of one brain abscess became thin and was in danger of rupturing into the ventricle, surgical drainage was performed, resulting in disappearance of headache and resolution of brain abscess. The present case indicates that a combined medical and surgical approach is mandatory to treat patients with brain abscesses.

  5. Skin abscess

    MedlinePlus

    Abscess - skin; Cutaneous abscess; Subcutaneous abscess; MRSA - abscess; Staph infection - abscess ... have methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) or another staph infection, follow instructions for self-care at home.

  6. Successful switch to oral therapy with doxycycline in the case of an actinomycotic hepatic abscess.

    PubMed

    Petrache, Diana; Popescu, Gabriel-Adrian

    2013-05-13

    A 72-year-old female was admitted with the symptoms of malaise, loss of appetite, upper right quadrant pain, fever, and sweats, which had been present for last 7 days. CT-scan of the abdomen revealed a hypodense mass in the right liver lobe; histopathological examination of the biopsy specimen yielded a diagnosis of actinomycotic abscess. Treatment with intravenous ampicillin for 8 weeks followed by a course of oral doxicycline for 28 weeks resulted in the complete resolution of the abscess.

  7. Efficacy and safety of cefovecin in treating bacterial folliculitis, abscesses, or infected wounds in dogs.

    PubMed

    Six, Robert; Cherni, Judy; Chesebrough, Robert; Cleaver, Dawn; Lindeman, Cindy J; Papp, Georg; Skogerboe, Terry L; Weigel, Daniel J; Boucher, Joseph F; Stegemann, Michael R

    2008-08-01

    To evaluate the efficacy and safety of administration of cefovecin, compared with cefadroxil, for treatment of naturally occurring secondary superficial pyoderma, abscesses, and infected wounds in dogs. Multicenter, randomized, positive-controlled clinical trial. 235 client-owned dogs. Dogs with clinical signs of skin infection confirmed via bacteriologic culture were randomly allocated to receive a single SC injection of cefovecin (8 mg/kg [3.6 mg/lb]) followed by placebo administered PO twice daily for 14 days or cefadroxil (22 mg/kg [10 mg/lb]) administered PO twice daily for 14 days following a placebo injection. Two 14-day treatment courses were permitted. Treatment success was defined as reduction of clinical signs to mild or absent at the final assessment. Clinical efficacy achieved with cefovecin in dogs was equivalent to that observed with cefadroxil. At the final assessment, 14 days following the completion of treatment (on day 28 or 42), 92.4% (109/118) of the cefovecin group and 92.3% (108/117) of the cefadroxil group were treatment successes. There were no serious adverse events or deaths related to treatment. A single cefovecin injection (8 mg/kg) administered SC, which could be repeated once after 14 days, was safe and effective against naturally occurring skin infections in dogs and as effective as cefadroxil administered PO twice daily for 14 or 28 days.

  8. Solitary Nocardia farcinica brain abscess in an immunocompetent adult mimicking metastatic brain tumor: rapid diagnosis by pyrosequencing and successful treatment.

    PubMed

    Iannotti, Christopher A; Hall, Geraldine S; Procop, Gary W; Tuohy, Marion J; Staugaitis, Susan M; Weil, Robert J

    2009-07-01

    Nocardia brain abscess carries a higher morbidity and mortality rate than other bacterial cerebral abscesses, with reported mortality rates of 55% and 20% in immunocompromised and immunocompetent patients, respectively. To prevent a delay in diagnosis and treatment, an aggressive therapeutic approach is required. In the present study, a rapid and accurate molecular diagnostic approach using pyrosequencing (PS), a semiautomated molecular genotyping method of nucleotide sequencing-by-synthesis, was performed. A 53-year-old man developed word-finding difficulties, followed by confusion and disorientation. On examination, the patient had a mixed aphasia; the receptive component was greater than the expressive component. The remainder of his neurologic examination findings was normal. Gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed a 2.0-cm multilobular, partially cystic, peripheral-enhancing mass in the posterior left temporal-parietal region with significant vasogenic edema and localized mass effect. A detailed laboratory investigation revealed that this patient was immunocompetent. An awake left posterior temporal-parietal craniotomy with cortical motor and speech mapping, using frameless stereotactic image guidance and intraoperative real-time ultrasound, was performed. Frozen section was consistent with cerebral abscess and methenamine silver staining revealed many beaded, thin-branching gram-positive bacilli. Colonies suspicious for Nocardia sp were seen within 2 days, and PCR followed by pyrosequencing (PS) identified Nocardia farcinica. We report a nocardial cerebral abscess mimicking a metastatic brain tumor, and we demonstrate that PS technology can be used for the accurate and rapid identification of N farcinica isolated from a brain abscess -- facilitating a rapid diagnosis and successful, durable treatment.

  9. Psoas abscess caused by actinomycete together with Escherichia coli infection: a case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Qian; Ding, Wenyuan; Yang, Dalong

    2014-01-01

    Psoas abscesses are classified into primary or secondary according to infectious etiology. However, the psoas abscess caused by actinomycete together with Escherichia coli infection is very rare. Here we report a case of psoas abscess caused by actinomycete together with Escherichia coli infection in a young woman. The disease was treated successfully. A literature review of psoas abscess in relation to its etiology, identification, and difficulties in the treatment is also presented. PMID:25356161

  10. Emphysematous cholecystitis successfully treated by laparoscopic surgery

    PubMed Central

    Katagiri, Hideki; Yoshinaga, Yasuo; Kanda, Yukihiro; Mizokami, Ken

    2014-01-01

    Emphysematous cholecystitis (EC) is an uncommon variant of acute cholecystitis, which is caused by secondary infection of the gallbladder wall with gas-forming organisms. The mortality rate of EC is still as high as 25%. Emergency surgical intervention is indicated. Open cholecystectomy has been traditionally accepted as a standard treatment for EC. We present a case of EC successfully treated by laparoscopic surgery. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for EC is considered to be safe and effective when indicated. PMID:24876461

  11. Brain abscess

    MedlinePlus

    ... with certain heart disorders, may receive antibiotics before dental or other procedures to help reduce the risk of infection. Alternative Names Abscess - brain; Cerebral abscess; CNS abscess Patient Instructions Brain surgery - discharge Images Amebic brain abscess ...

  12. Percutaneous hepatic abscess drainage: do multiple abscesses or multiloculated abscesses preclude drainage or affect outcome?

    PubMed

    Liu, Chang-Hsien; Gervais, Debra A; Hahn, Peter F; Arellano, Ronald S; Uppot, Raul N; Mueller, Peter R

    2009-08-01

    To compare the effectiveness of percutaneous abscess drainage in patients with pyogenic liver abscesses of the following types: single, single multiloculated, multiple, and multiple multiloculated. One hundred nine patients with 149 liver abscesses who underwent percutaneous drainage during an 11-year period were divided into a single abscess group and a multiple abscess group. Of the 109 patients, 54 had multiloculated abscesses and were divided into single and multiple multiloculated abscess groups. Technical success was defined as the ability to place the catheter within the abscess cavity and clinical success was defined as improvement in the patient's symptoms. Clinical findings, management strategy, complication rate, and success rate were analyzed. Technical success rates were 96% (82 of 85) for a single abscess and 96% (23 of 24) for multiple abscesses (P = 1.0). Clinical success was achieved in 74 of 85 patients (87%) with a single abscess and 22 of 24 patients (92%) with multiple abscesses (P = .729). Technical success rates were 94% (32 of 34) for a single multiloculated abscess and 95% (19 of 20) for multiple multiloculated abscesses (P = 1.0). Clinical success was achieved in 30 of 34 patients (88%) with a single multiloculated abscess and 18 of 20 patients (90%) with multiple multiloculated abscesses (P = 1). No significant difference in hospital stay was seen between single and multiple abscess groups (P = .373) or between single multiloculated and multiple multiloculated abscess groups (P = .180). There were no major complications or mortality related to the procedure. Percutaneous drainage is a safe and effective procedure in the treatment of pyogenic liver abscess, regardless of abscess complexity and/or multiplicity.

  13. Abdominal wall abscess secondary to spontaneous rupture of pyogenic liver abscess.

    PubMed

    Zizzo, Maurizio; Zaghi, Claudia; Manenti, Antonio; Luppi, Davide; Ugoletti, Lara; Bonilauri, Stefano

    2016-01-01

    Pyogenic liver abscess is a rare cause of hospitalization, related to a mortality rate ranging between 15% and 19%. Treatment of choice is represented by image-guided percutaneous drainage in combination with antibiotic therapy but, in some selected cases, surgical treatment is necessary. In extremely rare cases, spontaneous rupture of liver abscess may occur, free in the peritoneal cavity or in neighboring organs, an event which is generally considered a surgical emergency. A 95-years-old woman was hospitalized with fever, upper abdominal pain, mild dyspepsia and massive swelling of the anterior abdominal wall. Computed tomography revealed an oval mass located in the abdominal wall of 12cm×14cm×7cm, in continuity with an abscess of the left hepatic lobe. Because Proteus mirabilis was detected in both the liver abscess and the abdominal wall abscess, the patient was diagnosed with a ruptured pyogenic liver abscess. After spontaneous drainage to the exterior of the hepato-parietal abscess, she was successfully treated with antibiotics alone. Pyogenic liver abscess is a serious and life-threatening illness. Abscess rupture might occur. Many authors consider this complication a surgical emergency, but the site of abscess rupture changes the clinical history of the disease: in case of free rupture into the peritoneum, emergency surgery is mandatory, while a rupture localized in neighboring tissues or organs can be successfully treated by a combination of systemic antibiotics and fine needle aspiration and/or percutaneous drainage of the abscess. Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  14. Apathy syndrome treated successfully with modafinil

    PubMed Central

    Camargos, Einstein Francisco; Quintas, Juliana Lima

    2011-01-01

    The treatment of apathy is often complicated and difficult. The authors present a case of apathy syndrome that was treated successfully with modafinil. An 87-year-old widowed Brazilian woman presented with loss of interest and pleasure in activities. Her level of apathy, as evaluated by the Brazilian care giver version of the apathy scale, was 25 (a score higher than 18 points is associated with an apathy syndrome). No diagnosis of depression or sleep disorder was noted. After 2 years with many different antidepressants, modafinil treatment was started at 100 mg/day. One month after the initiation of modafinil therapy, the patient reported feeling more motivation, and she also returned to her favorite physical activity, which was swimming (400 m/day). Apathy scale revealed an improvement (18 points). Actigraphic analysis was performed, and no sleep disturbances were noted before or after treatment. Modafinil may be a promising option in the treatment of apathy. PMID:22674596

  15. Hepatic abscess: a rare complication after liver transplant.

    PubMed

    Kornasiewicz, Oskar; Hołówko, Wacław; Grąt, Michał; Gorski, Zuzanna; Dudek, Krzysztof; Raszeja-Wyszomirska, Joanna; Krawczyk, Marek

    2016-10-01

    This study was conducted to evaluate the predisposing factors, microbiology, treatment, and outcomes associated with hepatic abscess, a rare but serious complication which may accur after an orthotopic liver transplant (OLT). This was a retrospective study based on a prospectively maintained database of 1100 patients who underwent OLT at the Medical University of Warsaw. An abscess was defined on imaging as solitary or multiple localized parenchymal collections in patients with clinical signs of infection, with or without positive cultures from blood or abscess aspirate. Fifteen patients (1.4%) developed hepatic abscess, including 12 (80%) with multiple abscesses. Predisposing factors included biliary pathology (eight patients), hepaticojejunostomy (six patients), and hepatic artery stenosis or thrombosis (five patients). Ten patients were treated using multiple percutaneous and endoscopic interventional procedures in addition to antimicrobial treatment whereas five were treated solely with antibiotics. Five patients (33.3%) died due to multi-organ failure secondary to abscess treatment, including one unsuccessful case of re-OLT. Thirteen patients (87%) had bacterial growth and five (33.3%) had fungal growth in their blood or abscess aspirates. Hepatic abscess after liver transplantation may be treated successfully with percutaneous and endoscopic intervention, along with antibiotics according to the results of microbial cultures of blood and/or abscess aspirates. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  16. [Drainage of otogenic brain abscess under imaging guidance].

    PubMed

    Wang, Xiwen; Sun, Yan; Zhang, Qingquan

    2015-10-01

    To investigate the methods and results of imaging guided puncture and drainage in the treatment of otogenic brain abscess. Reviewed and analyzed four cases of otogenic brain abscess treated by the technique of imaging guided puncture and drainage from May 2010 to October 2013, all of the four cases were male with age ranged from 21 years old to 59 years old, among whom three cases were under 25 years old. All patients had history of middle ear cholesteatoma and were found single brain abscess. Three cases were cerebrum abscess and one case was cerebellum abscess. The three cases with temporal lobe abscess received skull puncture drainage drilling, and one case with cerebellar abscess used the mastoid cavity puncture drainage. Four cases were punctured successfully in one time with the assistance of image navigation, 6-15 ml of pus was drainged out. After imaging showed pus cavity closure, middle ear surgery was performed to thoroughly remove cholesteatoma. The pus bacteria was cultured, which found three cases infected with staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus mitis and proteusbacillus vulgaris respectively. The imaging showed brain abscess closed after once puncture drainage, four cases were cured without complications. Postoperative follow-up of one year with good mastoid cavity epithelialization. Image guidance assisted puncture can drainage brain abscess with accurate positioning, less trauma, short operation time, and high safety, which could be choosen for otogenic abscess patient.

  17. An atypical case of retropharyngeal abscess with long blind tract treated with Ryle's tube drainage.

    PubMed

    Tang, M L; Lee, S C; Phoon, M P Y

    2011-12-01

    A 10 year-old Iban girl presented with severe odynophagia for 4 days and subcutaneous emphysema. Clinically, her neck was tender with crepitus. Lateral neck radiograph showed multiple linear radiolucent shadows at retropharyngeal space. Flexible nasopharyngolaryngoscope revealed a tunnel behind upper oesophagus with slough and there was pooling of saliva at pyriform sinus. Feeding via nasogastric tube was started and empirical treatment for fungal and bacterial infection was commenced. Subsequent computed tomography of neck and thorax showed a 15-long blind tract at subglottic region posterior to oesophagus (prevertebral region), extending to superior mediastinum just before carina at T3/T4 level, represent abscess. Hourly suctioning of the remaining abscess in the blind tract with 10ml-syringe was done.

  18. A case of phaeohyphomycosis caused by Exophiala oligosperma successfully treated with local hyperthermia.

    PubMed

    Fukai, Tatsuo; Hiruma, Masataro; Ogawa, Yumi; Ikeda, Shigaku; Ikeda, Hiroshi; Sano, Ayako; Makimura, Koichi

    2013-01-01

    A 58-year-old Japanese woman who was engaged in dairy farming presented with multiple subcutaneous nodules and abscesses on the dorsum of her left hand from 5 months ago. These had been unsuccessfully treated with oral itraconazole. The patient had a history of Sjögren syndrome and diabetes mellitus, for which she had been taking oral prednisolone for 10 years. Direct microscopy of a pus sample treated with potassium hydroxide (KOH) showed brownish-red branching hyphae. In fungal culture, black colonies covered with gray-white villi were formed. Slide culture showed conidiogenesis from an annellide. The fungal strain was identified as Exophialia oligosperma by molecular biological techniques. Histopathological examination revealed abscesses and surrounding granulomatous infiltration in the dermis and subcutis, and hyphae in the granulomatous infiltration in the outer area. However, no eumycotic granules were observed. The diagnosis was phaeohyphomycosis caused by E. oligosperma. Since the previous treatment with itraconazole had not been effective, we performed daily hyperthermia using a disposable body warmer and drainage of the pus, which ceased after 3 weeks. After approximately 4 months, the skin eruptions became scarred. To the best of our knowledge, this is the second case of phaeohyphomycosis caused by E. oligosperma reported in Japan which was successfully treated with hyperthermia.

  19. Hepatic Abscess in Patients With Chronic Granulomatous Disease

    PubMed Central

    Lublin, Matthew; Bartlett, David L.; Danforth, David N.; Kauffman, Howard; Gallin, John I.; Malech, Harry L.; Shawker, Thomas; Choyke, Peter; Kleiner, David E.; Schwartzentruber, Douglas J.; Chang, Richard; DeCarlo, Ellen S.; Holland, Steven M.

    2002-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the clinical presentation, diagnostic procedures, and surgical management of hepatic abscesses in patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD). Summary Background Data Chronic granulomatous disease is a rare inherited primary immunodeficiency in which phagocytes cannot destroy catalase-positive bacteria and fungi. Defects in the phagocytic cells’ respiratory burst lead to life-threatening infections, including hepatic abscess. These abscesses are recurrent and often multiple and are treated differently from bacterial abscesses in patients without CGD. Methods Between 1980 and 2000, 61 cases of hepatic abscess in 22 patients with CGD were treated at the National Institutes of Health. Clinicopathologic features were investigated by retrospective review of the medical records, radiographs, and histopathology. Results Twelve of the 61 cases were primary hepatic abscesses. Twenty-nine of the cases were recurrent hepatic abscesses, and 20 cases were persistent hepatic abscesses. The median age at the time of initial hepatic abscess presentation was 14 years. Subjective fever was the most frequent presenting symptom, and the erythrocyte sedimentation rate was elevated in 98% of cases. Fifty-two cases were managed surgically and eight cases were managed with percutaneous drainage. One patient refused surgery. The surgical complication rate was 56%; however, there were no deaths directly related to the hepatic abscesses. Staphylococcus aureus was the most frequent organism identified in culture (88% of positive cultures). Aggressive surgery and antibiotics ultimately resulted in successful treatment of all patients. Conclusions Hepatic abscesses occurring in patients with CGD represent a difficult diagnostic and treatment challenge. Early excision and treatment with antibiotics directed against S. aureus is necessary. General surgeons should be aware of this rare immunodeficiency and should aggressively manage hepatic abscesses in these patients

  20. Diabetes mellitus and spinal epidural abscess: clinical or surgical treatment?

    PubMed

    Felício, João S; Martins, Carlliane Lins P; Liberman, Bernardo

    2011-12-01

    Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is an uncommon condition and its most important predisposing factor is diabetes mellitus. Although the treatment of choice is prompt surgical abscess evacuation, followed by antibiotic therapy, successful conservative treatment of SEA has been reported in some cases. We describe a SEA case in a 23-year old white woman with diabetes for 14 years, who was successfully treated only with antibiotics, and achieved full recovery at the fourth month of follow-up.

  1. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided drainage of an amoebic liver abscess extending into the hepatic subcapsular space.

    PubMed

    Koizumi, Kazuya; Masuda, Sakue; Uojima, Haruki; Ichita, Chikamasa; Tokoro, Shinnosuke; Sasaki, Akiko; Egashira, Hideto; Kimbara, Takeshi; Kako, Makoto

    2015-08-01

    Here, we report a case of an amoebic liver abscess (ALA) successfully treated with endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided liver abscess drainage (EUS-LAD). A 37-year-old male with a liver abscess was referred to our hospital due to disease progression despite receiving antibiotic therapy. Computed tomography showed an intrahepatic abscess extending into the hepatic subcapsular space. The abscess could not be punctured through the hepatic parenchyma percutaneously due to the presence of hepatic subcapsular lesions. Hence, EUS-LAD was performed via the transhepatic approach through the stomach. A 5-Fr pigtail-type nasocystic tube was inserted into the abscess through the hepatic parenchyma, with no procedure-related complications. The contents of the abscess had the appearance of anchovy paste which made us suspect an amoebic abscess; therefore, we started antibiotic therapy with metronidazole. Afterwards, serum anti-amoebic antibodies were found to be positive and the diagnosis of ALA was confirmed. Two weeks later, the size of the abscess decreased, and the patient's clinical symptoms disappeared. Hence, the tube was removed. There were no signs of recurrence during the follow-up period. The use of EUS-LAD for pyogenic or tuberculous abscesses has been reported previously. EUS-LAD for an ALA, similar to that for other liver abscesses, is an effective alternative to percutaneous transhepatic abscess drainage or surgical treatment.

  2. May short-course intravenous antimicrobial administration be as a standard therapy for bacterial brain abscess treated surgically?

    PubMed

    Xia, Chengyu; Jiang, Xiaofeng; Niu, Chaoshi

    2016-05-01

    To analyze the outcome in subjects with bacterial brain abscesses (BBAs) treated by operation and shorter antimicrobial duration than usual at a single center over a four-year period. Retrospective review was conducted on a series of 55 patients with BBAs surgically treated and managed by prospective antimicrobial protocol of shorter antimicrobial duration than usual. Sixty-one abscesses were diagnosed and surgically managed in 55 patients. Open craniotomy excision was the treatment of choice for 58.2% of the patients, whereas 31.8% of the cases were managed through stereotactically guided aspiration. Intravenous antimicrobial agents were given to all patients emipirically or changed later according to culture results. Intravenous antimicrobial administration was discontinued without following oral therapy when the patients' body temperature was continuously normal for 10-14 days after surgery and neuroimaging showed the resolution of BBAs at the same time [Follow-up CT or MRI showed no residue cavity, or the diffusion wedge images (DWI) showed the signal in the residue cavity was as low as the signal of cerebral spinal fluid]. The mean total antimicrobial duration was 21.7 days (10-66 days), and the mean antimicrobial duration after operation was 19.2 days (10-64 days). Follow-up found there were two patients whose BBAs recurred and died 4-5 months after primary BBAs controlled. Follow-up data of the remaining 53 patients were available with a mean follow-up time of 36 months (12-58 months). Outcome was favorable in 65.5% of the subjects. General morbidity was 18.2%, and recurrence and mortality stood at 3.6%, respectively. This case series showed the short-course intravenous antimicrobial administration can be considered to be a standard therapy for bacterial brain abscess in the surgically treated group, and the thermal curve and DWI are the two paramount indicators that can safely evaluate the antimicrobial times for the treatment of BBAs.

  3. Pituitary abscess.

    PubMed

    Al Salman, Jameela Mohammed; Al Agha, Rawan Al Muataz Billa; Helmy, Mohamed

    2017-06-08

    Pituitary abscess is an uncommon pituitary lesion. Its clinical diagnosis can be difficult to distinguish from other pituitary lesions. This pathology is characterised by vague symptoms of headaches, generalised tiredness and hypopituitarism manifestations. A history of recent meningitis, paranasal sinusitis or head surgery can be a suggestive of the source of infection.A 20-year-old man was admitted to neurosurgery department with complain of headache, fatigue, polyuria, polydipsia, blurred vision and sexual dysfunction. MRI of the head revealed a suprasellar mass that was centrally hyperintense lesion on T2-weighted images with peripheral hypointensity and isointense centrally on T1 images with peripheral hyperintensity images. Treatment of this lesion pituitary abscess was surgical drainage of the pituitary area through a trans-sphenoidal approach and broad spectrum antibiotic therapy with ceftriaxone, metronidazole and vancomycin for 6 weeks. The patient continues to have pituitary insufficiency and treated with oral hydrocortisone.Although pituitary abscess is a rare condition, it should always be kept in mind when evaluating a patient with hypopituitarism. After the diagnosis, the surgery and antibiotics should be commenced rapidly. The outcome is usually good with proper treatment. © BMJ Publishing Group Ltd (unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  4. [Cladophilaphora bantiana brain abscess treated with voriconazole in an immunocompetent patient].

    PubMed

    Atalay, Mustafa Altay; Koç, Ayşe Nedret; Koyuncu, Sümeyra; Ulu Kiliç, Ayşegül; Kurtsoy, Ali; Alp Meşe, Emine

    2014-07-01

    Phaeohyphomycosis is a term used to define infections caused by darkly pigmented fungi with septate hyphae which contain melanin in their cell walls. Although fungi rarely cause central nervous system (CNS) infections, the incidence of CNS infections caused by melanin-containing fungi has been increasing in the recent years. Cladophialophora bantiana is the most frequently isolated species from cerebral phaeohyphomycosis. It mostly affects adult men in the second and third decade of life and about half of the cases occurs in immunocompetent patients. In this report, the isolation of C.bantiana from brain tissue of an immunocompetent patient who was operated with the initial diagnosis of a brain abscess, was presented. A 27 year-old male patient presenting without any chronic disease was admitted to the emergency department of our hospital with the complaints of persistent headache and diplopia. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a space-occupying lesion in the right parietal lobe and left frontal lobe. Brain abscess was diagnosed in the patient who was referred to the neurosurgery department. Treatment was initiated with ceftriaxone and metronidazole. The abscess material sent for direct microscopic examination in the mycology laboratory was stained with Gram and Giemsa and cultured in the Sabouraud dextrose agar medium (SDA) with and without antibiotics (cycloheximide and chloramphenicol). Then, it was incubated at 37°C and 25°C. Direct examination and staining revealed a septate hyphae. The patient who received liposomal amphotericin B was referred to the infectious diseases department. Surface colors of all media including SDA with cycloheximide were olive-gray to black and contained velvety colonies. Lemon-like very long and integrated chains of conidium with poor branching in cornmeal Tween 80 agar, as well as growth at 42°C in passages, positive urease test result and cycloheximide resistance suggested C.bantiana. The isolate was confirmed as C

  5. Anterior ilioinguinal incision for drainage of high-located perianal abscess.

    PubMed

    Peng, K-T; Hsieh, M-C; Hsu, W-H; Li, Y-Y; Yeh, C-H

    2013-08-01

    Most perianal abscesses originate from infected anal glands at the base of the anal crypts. Most abscesses below are usually drained through perianal incision and can be treated successfully. However, when perianal abscesses extend to the high intrapelvic cavity, it may be inadequate treatment through a single route incision through a perianal approach. The aim of this technical note is to show that combined anterior ilioinguinal and perianal incisions may provide optimal surgical field and multiple drainages. Here, we report a 56-year-old male patient with perianal-originating parapsoas abscesses. Residual abscess still remained after initial perianal incision and drainage after 1-month treatment. We presented combined anterior ilioinguinal and perianal incision technique methods for proper drainage in this complicated case. No recurrent or residual abscess remained after 2 weeks of operation. So, combined anterior ilioinguinal incision is feasible for high-located perianal abscess.

  6. Medical management of cerebellar abscess: a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Turner, Ryan C; Dodson, Sean C; Rosen, Charles L

    2011-01-01

    A large abscess of the posterior fossa often warrants surgical intervention. We report a case of a 50-year-old male presenting with a cerebellar abscess measuring 2.8 cm x 1.6 cm located in the left cerebellar hemisphere at the level of the middle cerebellar peduncle that was treated conservatively and successfully with antibiotics. Therapeutic management options are discussed in regards to this case specifically as well as a review of the literature. This case illustrates the successful medical management of a cerebellar abscess of otogenic origin in an adult, a unique result in terms of abscess size and age of the patient.

  7. Klebsiella pneumoniae Spinal Epidural Abscess treated conservatively: case report and review.

    PubMed

    Araújo, Filipe; Ribeiro, Célia; Silva, Inês; Nero, Patrícia; Branco, Jaime C

    2012-01-01

    Spinal infections are rare but potentially life-threatening disorders. A high level of clinical suspicion is necessary for rapid diagnosis and treatment initiation. The treatment combines both antibiotics and surgical intervention in the vast majority of cases. The authors report the case of a 84-year old female patient with a three week history of persistent lumbar back pain radiating to both thighs following a lower respiratory tract infection. She had lumbar spine tenderness but no neurological compromise. Her inflammatory markers were elevated and lumbar spine magnetic resonance imaging revealed L4-L5 spondylodiscitis with spinal epidural abscess. Blood cultures isolated Klebsiella pneumoniae and, since she was neurologically stable, conservative treatment with two-week intravenous gentamicin and eight-week intravenous ceftriaxone was initiated with positive inpatient and outpatient evolution.

  8. Generalized necrobiotic xanthogranuloma successfully treated with lenalidomide.

    PubMed

    Silapunt, Sirunya; Chon, Susan Y

    2010-03-01

    Necrobiotic xanthogranuloma (NXG) presents a therapeutic challenge to clinicians. Generalized NXG has limited treatment options. A patient presented to the authors with generalized NXG associated with monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance (MGUS), a plasma cell dyscrasia considered to be a precursor to multiple myeloma. The patient was treated with lenalidomide, a derivative of thalidomide with efficacy in treatment of multiple myeloma. Resolution of paraproteinemia was associated with resolution of NXG.

  9. Thalamic abscess caused by a rare pathogen: streptococcus constellatus

    PubMed Central

    Şenol, Özgür; Süslü, Hikmet Turan; Tatarlı, Necati; Tiryaki, Mehmet; Güçlü, Bülent

    2016-01-01

    Streptococcus constellatus is a microorganism that lives commensally in the oropharyngeal region, urogenital region, and intestinal tract. However, it can cause infection in patients with certain predisposing factors. Rarely, this microorganism can cause a brain abscess. Thalamic localization of brain abscesses is much rarer than abscesses in other locations of the brain. Brain abscess caused by streptococcus constellatus are very rarely been reported in the literature. We present a rare case of a left-sided thalamic abscess caused by streptococcus constellatus in a 25-year-old male patient who was injured by shrapnel pieces in the head and who was malnourished. The patient was successfully treated by stereotactic aspiration and antibiotherapy. PMID:27800109

  10. Splenic abscess in an infant caused by Streptococcus intermedius.

    PubMed

    Matsubayashi, Tadashi; Matsubayashi, Rie; Saito, Isamu; Tobayama, Shigeo; Machida, Hiromichi

    2007-12-01

    We report a 20-month-old girl with splenic abscess. The patient was admitted to our hospital because of persistent high fever and abdominal pain. Laboratory data showed leucocytosis and elevated C-reactive protein levels. Abdominal computed tomography showed multiple low-density lesions in the spleen. These findings were consistent with a diagnosis of splenic abscess. She was successfully treated with ultrasonographically guided percutaneous drainage for 11 days and intravenous antibiotic for 17 days. On culture, aspirated fluid from the abscess grew Streptococcus intermedius. This case illustrates that the differential diagnosis of unknown-focus infection in infants should include splenic abscess. We recommend conservative therapy (antibiotics and drainage) as first-line therapy for splenic abscess in pediatric patients, based on the importance of the immunological functions of the spleen.

  11. Palmoplantar lichen planus successfully treated with acitretin.

    PubMed

    Solak, Berna; Kara, Rabia Oztas; Kosem, Mustafa

    2015-09-07

    Palmoplantar lichen planus (PPL) is an uncommon type of lichen planus (LP) that exclusively affects the palms and soles. We report a case of a 50-year-old man who had palmoplantar hyperkeratotic papules and plaques. The patient was diagnosed as a case of PPL by skin biopsy, and treated with acitretin. He showed a good response to acitretin within 2 months. Clinical appearance and some features of PPL may differ from classic LP. Acitretin may be a favourable treatment option for PPL.

  12. Secondary erythromelalgia successfully treated with intravenous immunoglobulin.

    PubMed

    Moody, Shadé; Pacheco, Susan; Butler, Ian J; Koenig, Mary Kay

    2012-07-01

    Erythromelalgia is a rare condition characterized by episodic painful erythema and warmth often affecting, but not limited to, the distal extremities. This condition is notoriously difficult to treat. We report a young female patient with seronegative polyarthritis who presented with a 6-year history of recurrent bouts of painful erythema and swelling often triggered by minor trauma. An extensive evaluation was unremarkable. Several medical therapies provided limited and inconsistent relief of her symptoms over many years. Treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin significantly decreased the frequency and severity of her symptoms.

  13. Neck abscess: 79 cases

    PubMed Central

    Bulgurcu, Suphi; Arslan, Ilker Burak; Demirhan, Erhan; Kozcu, Sureyya Hikmet; Cukurova, Ibrahim

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Neck abscess is a disease that might cause mortality and severe morbidity, if it is not treated urgently. In our study, patients with diagnosis of neck abscess in our clinic were analyzed retrospectively and presented in the light of the literature. METHODS: In our clinic, age distribution, source of infection, systemic disease, imaging methods that were used in diagnosis, preferred anaesthesia during drainage, abscess sites, culture results of abscess material, complications during treatment procedure, any antibiotherapy before admission and duration of hospitalization of 79 cases with neck abscess who were treated in the hospital between January 2008 and January 2015 were assessed. RESULTS: Cases in our study were aged between 1–79 (mean 28.3) years and 43 of them were female and 36 were male patients. Systemic diseases were determined in 19 of the cases. The most common systemic disease was diabetes mellitus. Abscesses were localized mostly at peritonsillar region and 13 of the cases were operated when abscess were in multipl localizations. In 74 of the cases, drainage was performed under local anaesthesia and in 5 cases under general anaesthesia. Four of these 5 cases, abscesses were localized within retropharyngeal region and 1 of them had multiple abscesses at various regions. Staphylococcus aereus was the most detected microorganism based on culture results. Three adult cases were followed up in the intensive care unit because of development of mediastinitis. One of these 3 cases exited because of sepsis. Hospitalization periods of 79 cases ranged between 2–21 days (mean 7.64 days). Hospitalization period of 19 cases with systemic diseases were 9.47 days (p<0.05) and statistically which were statistically significantly longer when compared with those without any systemic disease. CONCLUSION: Neck abscess must be diagnosed early and treated with surgical drainage and parenteral therapy because it might cause severe complications. PMID:28058371

  14. Granuloma faciale successfully treated with ingenol mebutate.

    PubMed

    Bobyr, I; Campanati, A; Consales, V; Giangiacomi, M; Diotallevi, F; Offidani, A

    2016-09-01

    Granuloma faciale (GF) is a rare chronic inflammatory dermatosis of unknown etiology, characterized by leukocitoclastic vasculitis usually occurring on the face. We report a case of 60-years-old man with 3 year history of multiple actinic keratoses (AK) and persistent asymptomatic erythematous papules and plaques located over his left temporal region and the cheek: histopathology was consistent with GF. Herein we describe the successful treatment of the lesion with ingenol mebutate 0.015% gel focusing on the clinical, dermoscopic and histopathological findings of GF both before and after treatment.

  15. Brachioradial pruritus successfully treated with gabapentin.

    PubMed

    Yilmaz, Sadik; Ceyhan, Ali Murat; Baysal Akkaya, Vahide

    2010-07-01

    Brachioradial pruritus (BRP) is a mysterious entity characterized by localized pruritus of the dorsolateral aspect of the arm. The precise etiology of BRP remains unknown, but sun exposure and/or cervical spine lesions seem to be triggering or at least aggravating factors. Many treatment alternatives including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, topical capsaicin, topical corticosteroids, photoprotection, carbamazepine and acupuncture have been used with different success rates. Recently, gabapentin, an antiepileptic agent, has been reported to be an effective therapeutic agent in BRP. Herein, we report a 64-year-old man with BRP who showed good response to gabapentin therapy.

  16. Peritonsillar Abscess (For Teens)

    MedlinePlus

    ... doctors use antibiotics to treat tonsillitis. Tooth and gum disease can increase the chances of a peritonsillar abscess ... Tonsillitis Strep Throat How Can I Quit Smoking? Gum Disease Stop Smoking: Your Personal Plan Mouth and Teeth ...

  17. Wells' Syndrome Successfully Treated with Colchicine.

    PubMed

    Puzas, Álvaro Iglesias; Álvarez, Laura Mesa; Menéndez, Ángeles Flórez; Romero Yuste, Susana; Gómez, Olga Prieto

    2017-01-01

    Eosinophilic cellulitis is an uncommon, inflammatory and chronic disorder of unknown etiology. Corticosteroids are currently considered as the first-line treatment but they are not without significant disadvantages such as contraindications in steroid-resistant cases and patients with frequent recurrences. We report a patient suffering from Wells' syndrome with a 24-year history of symptomatic and generalized skin lesions. After consultation in our department, treatment with colchicine 1 mg/day was prescribed resulting in large clinical improvement. No side effects have been recorded. To our knowledge, this is an original disease approach. Although small, our clinical experience supports the inclusion of colchicine in the drug armamentarium when treating patients suffering from Wells' syndrome. Indeed, its excellent safety profile makes it very attractive for patients with frequent recurrent episodes who need secure options for the medium- and long-term disease control.

  18. A Case of Otogenic Brain Abscess Causing Loss of Consciousness

    PubMed Central

    Kwak, Min Kyu; Lee, Seung Hwan; Park, Chul Won

    2014-01-01

    Acute or chronic otitis media can cause intracranial complications, one of the most serious being brain abscess. Empirical antibiotic treatment and proper surgical management should be considered to avoid fatal consequences. However, proper extent and optimal timing of surgical intervention are still matters of debate. We present a case of a 31-year-old man who presented with acutely altered mental status, caused by otogenic brain abscess who we treated successfully with antibiotics and otologic surgery and no neurosurgical treatment. PMID:25279229

  19. Patient with double cancer--successfully treated.

    PubMed

    Djukić, V B; Kastratović, D A; Pendjer, I P; Majstorović, B M; Nikolić, Lj I; Boricić, I V; Vujicić, Z N

    2005-01-01

    Etiology of thrombosis in malignant diseases is multifactorial, and mechanisms that lead to thrombosis include release of the procoagulants from tumor cells (PC), factor related to bed rest, infections, as well as oncological therapy --chemotherapy, hormones, radiotherapy and surgical treatment. Thrombocytosis has frequently been found to be associated with various malignancies. 53 years old female patient hospitalised because of hypopharingeal cancer with metastasis in the left neck. Her state was complicated with deep leg vein trombosis and pseudomonas infection. Persistent thrombocitosis in laboratory monitoring indicated more adequate diagnostic procedures, which led to discovering of Chorioidal Malignant Mellanoma as a second cancer. She was treated: surgically, with antibiotics, with anticoagulants and radiotherapy. Patient was discharged from the hospital in good health condition, free of any other symptom of the malignant disease. Presense of thrombocytosis and idiopatic thrombosis can suggest occult malignancy. It would be prudent to further evaluate the relationship of trombotic events, trombocitosis and head and neck tumors. We suggest anticoagulants to prevent thromboembolic complications, affect the angiogenesis and prevent development of metastatic disease. It may lead to lower mortality rate.

  20. Pyogenic Intradural Abscess of Lumbar Spine: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Cheon, Jeong-Eun; Chung, You-Nam; Park, Sung Bae

    2015-01-01

    We report a case of spinal intradural abscess which shows serial changes on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Well-encapsulated, rim-enhancing lesion with mass effect was visualized at ventral side of lumbar spinal canal on 17 days after initial negative MRI, which was thought to be epidural abscess. It was revealed to be intradural in location on operation and successfully treated by drainage and antibiotics. Follow-up MRI showed resolution of abscess. Clinical significance and pathogenesis of this case was briefly discussed. PMID:27169060

  1. Epidural abscess

    MedlinePlus

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001416.htm Epidural abscess To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. An epidural abscess is a collection of pus (infected material) between ...

  2. Pancreatic abscess

    MedlinePlus

    ... high. Possible Complications Complications may include: Multiple abscesses Sepsis When to Contact a Medical Professional Call your ... 2016:chap 144. Read More Abscess Pancreatic pseudocyst Sepsis Review Date 10/27/2015 Updated by: Subodh ...

  3. Development of Glioblastoma after Treatment of Brain Abscess.

    PubMed

    Matsumoto, Hiroaki; Minami, Hiroaki; Tominaga, Shogo; Yoshida, Yasuhisa

    2016-04-01

    Abscess formation within a glioblastoma has been reported rarely. In the few reported cases, after aspiration to treat a presumed abscess, lesions recurred over a short period and, consequently, glioblastoma was recognized. We present a case of a glioblastoma that developed 1.5 years after successful treatment of a brain abscess. A latency of 1.5 years before symptom development seems overly long, even if the glioblastoma was present at the time of the initial brain abscess. Hence, we consider this a possible de novo glioblastoma arising from glial scar tissue. We also discuss possible mechanisms underlying malignant transformation. A 78-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with progressive gait disturbance caused by a brain abscess. Aspiration of the cyst and systematic antibiotic therapy cured the abscess. However, 1.5 years later, the patient presented to our hospital with generalized convulsions due to recurrence of the cystic lesion. He underwent craniotomy for removal of the cystic lesion, which was found to be a glioblastoma rather than a recurrent brain abscess. Glial scar tissue was detected in the cyst wall. Development of glioblastoma after treatment of a brain abscess is rare; the pathogenesis is open to speculation. Based on the clinical course, the pathologic findings, and comparison with previous reports, de novo glioblastoma arising from glial scar tissue may be the most likely explanation of the current case. If so, to our knowledge, this is the first report of this condition. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. [Clinical analysis of nasogenic brain abscess].

    PubMed

    Yu, Huanxin; Liu, Gang

    2014-03-01

    To investigate the clinical features of nasogenic brain abscess. Four patients with nasogenic brain abscess diagnosed in Tianjin huanhu hospital between June 2007 and January 2013 were reported and the relevant literatures reviewed. All four patients were frontal abscess, however, the pathogeny of frontal abscess were different. These four patients were treated by different methods and followed up from 12-28 months, no recurrence was found. All four patients were cured. The clinical manifestation of nasogenic brain abscess was hiding and was easy to misdiagnosis. Enhanced MRI is the key of the diagnosis. According to the pathogeny of brain abscess, it was important to cure nasogenic brain abscess with different ways.

  5. Citrobacter freundii brain abscess in a preterm infant: a case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Plakkal, Nishad; Soraisham, Amuchou Singh; Amin, Harish

    2013-04-01

    Intracranial abscesses are serious conditions but uncommon in preterm neonates. Citrobacter species are an uncommon cause of bacterial meningitis in neonates, but are associated with brain abscesses in a majority of cases. We report a preterm infant who developed Citrobacter freundii meningitis with brain abscess, who was successfully treated with antibiotics and surgical drainage. The infant had normal neurological outcome at follow-up. We report this case to highlight the importance of serial neuroimaging in the diagnosis of cerebral abscess in infants with Citrobacter meningitis.

  6. Aggregatibacter aphrophilus misidentified as Brucella spp. in an immunocompetent patient with brain abscess.

    PubMed

    Inkaya, Ahmet Cagkan; Macin, Salih; Bozkurt, Gokhan; Gocmen, Rahsan; Akyon, Yakut; Unal, Serhat

    2016-08-01

    Aggregatibacter aphrophilus rarely causes brain abscesses. Here we report a case of the brain abscess caused by Aggregatibacter aphrophilus. Cultivated gram negative coccobacilli from cerebral abscess were initially misidentified as Brucella spp. because it gave false positive agglutination with anti-Brucella sera. Definite identification was made with MALDI-TOF assay. Right to left shunt through the pulmonary arteriovenous malformation was speculated to be the underlying cause for the brain abscess. The patient was treated successfully with ampicillin-sulbactam after failing ceftriaxone treatment.

  7. Retropharyngeal abscess.

    PubMed Central

    Coulthard, M; Isaacs, D

    1991-01-01

    Of 31 children with retropharyngeal abscess treated at this hospital between 1954 and 1990, 17 (55%) were 12 months old or less and 10 (32%) less than 6 months. Three of these 10 children were neonates, only one of whom had a predisposing congenital lesion. Fourteen children (45%) had a preceding upper respiratory illness and four (13%) had a prior history of pharyngeal trauma or ingestion of a foreign body. In children less than 1 year old the clinical presentation was usually classical with fever, neck swelling, stridor, and pharyngeal swelling. Significantly fewer children over 1 year had neck swelling and no child over 3 years old had stridor. A lateral radiograph of the neck, when performed, had a sensitivity of 88% in diagnosis. Bacteria isolated included pure growths of Staphylococcus aureus (25%), klebsiella species (13%), group A streptococcus (8%), and a mixture of Gram negative and anaerobic organisms (38%). There were two deaths. In six cases (24%) the abscess recurred necessitating further surgical drainage. Images Figure 2 PMID:1953008

  8. Multiple large splenic abscesses managed with computed tomography-guided percutaneous catheter drainage in children.

    PubMed

    Yeom, Jung Sook; Park, Ji Sook; Seo, Ji-Hyun; Park, Eun Sil; Lim, Jae-Young; Park, Chan Hoo; Woo, Hyang Ok; Park, Jung Je; Cho, Jae Min; Youn, Hee-Shang

    2013-12-01

    Splenic abscess is a rare finding in children. Splenectomy combined with broad-spectrum antibiotics has been the treatment of choice for multiple splenic abscesses. Herein, we report the case of a 14-year-old girl with multiple large splenic abscesses that were successfully managed after two image-guided percutaneous drainage procedures and administration of intravenous antibiotics. Initially, an abscess located at the periphery in the lower pole of the spleen was aspirated under ultrasound guidance. Finally, another abscess located near the hilum of the spleen was drained under computed tomography guidance. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of multiple large splenic abscesses treated with computed tomography-guided percutaneous drainage.

  9. Chromobacterium violaceum lymphadenitis successfully treated in a Northern Italian hospital.

    PubMed

    Arosio, Marco; Raglio, Annibale; Ruggeri, Maurizio; Serna Ortega, Paula; Morali, Laura; De Angelis, Chiara; Goglio, Antonio

    2011-10-01

    Lymphadenitis can be caused by different gram positive and gram negative bacteria and non-tuberculous mycobacteria. Cervical lymphadenitis in children is thought to result from ingestion of or contact with environmental microrganisms. Chromobacterium violaceum is a common inhabitant of soil and water in tropical and sub tropical countries. In these parts of the world Chromobacterium violaceum is able to cause skin infection with diffuse pustular lesions and also multiple liver abscess with often fatal evolution in sepsis. We describe a case of cervical lymphadenitis caused by Chromobacterium violaceum in a 14-year-old boy, born in Guinea and resident in Italy for 7 years in a fair condition with general measurable swelling in the right lateral cervical region and with blood tests that showed increased inflammatory indices. The patient was subjected to surgical incision. Antibiotic therapy with ceftriaxone was continued for 10 days, then replaced successfully with oral ciprofloxacin on the basis of purulent material culture positive for Chromobacterium violaceum sensitive to fluoroquinolones.

  10. The role of percutaneous transhepatic abscess drainage for liver abscess.

    PubMed

    Ogawa, T; Shimizu, S; Morisaki, T; Sugitani, A; Nakatsuka, A; Mizumoto, K; Yamaguchi, K; Chijiiwa, K; Tanaka, M

    1999-01-01

    To evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous transhepatic abscess drainage (PTAD) as an initial choice of treatment for liver abscess, the medical records of 28 patients with liver abscess were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were predominantly men (23 of 28) with a mean age of 59 years (range, 19-86 years). Their chief complaints were fever (86%), right hypochondralgia (32%), and jaundice (11%). Fifteen of the 28 patients (54%) had hepatobiliary and pancreatic carcinoma, and 31% had postoperative liver abscess. PTAD was performed in 23 patients and surgical drainage in 5. The overall success rate for PTAD was 83%. The success rate for PTAD for patients with multiple abscesses was 83% (5 of 6), compared with a success rate of 82% (14 of 17) for patients with solitary abscess. The prognostic factors for survival were cancer and sepsis and the mortality rate for patients with cancer was 40% (6 of 15) while the mortality rate for patients with sepsis was 56% (5 of 9). As a complication of drainage, 1 patient (4%) in the PTAD group had pleural abscess due to the transpleural puncture. Our findings support the use of PTAD as the primary treatment for liver abscess, as it is safe and effective irrespective of the number of abscesses and the patient's condition.

  11. Anorectal abscess during pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Koyama, Shinsuke; Hirota, Masaki; Kobayashi, Masaki; Tanaka, Yusuke; Kubota, Satoshi; Nakamura, Ryo; Isobe, Masanori; Shiki, Yasuhiko

    2014-02-01

    Anorectal symptoms and complaints caused by hemorrhoids or anal fissures are common during pregnancy. It is known that one-third of pregnant women complain of anal pain in the third trimester. Anal pain may be caused by a wide spectrum of conditions, but if it begins gradually and becomes excruciating within a few days it may indicate anorectal abscess. We experienced a case of anorectal abscess during pregnancy which was diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging and treated by incision and seton drainage at 36 weeks of gestation, followed by a normal spontaneous delivery at 38 weeks of gestation. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of anorectal abscess during pregnancy in the English-language published work. The clinical course of our case and clinical considerations of anorectal abscesses are discussed.

  12. Chromobacterium violaceum endocarditis and hepatic abscesses treated successfully with meropenem and ciprofloxacin.

    PubMed

    Lim, Ivan W M; Stride, Peter J; Horvath, Robert L; Hamilton-Craig, Christian R; Chau, Phi P

    2009-04-06

    Chromobacterium violaceum infection is uncommon but potentially fatal, with a clinical picture similar to melioidosis but with different antibiotic sensitivities and treatment. This infection can involve any organ, but we believe this is the first reported case of C. violaceum endocarditis.

  13. [Lactational breast abscesses: Do we still need surgery?].

    PubMed

    Debord, M-P; Poirier, E; Delgado, H; Charlot, M; Colin, C; Raudrant, D; Golfier, F; Dupuis, O

    2016-03-01

    To show the effectiveness of ultrasound-guided puncture in the treatment of lactational breast abscess and identify its risk factors. Retrospective descriptive study at the CHU of Lyon-Sud from December 2007 to December 2013, including patients with lactational breast abscess confirmed on ultrasound and treated with antibiotics and analgesics. Realisation of ultrasound-guided needle under local anesthesia by the radiologist and washing the cavity with physiological serum. Forty patients had lactational abscesses at an average of 10 weeks post-partum. Thirty-four patients were treated by needle aspiration, of which 2 had first surgical drainage. The average size of the abscess was 41.2mm. The success rate of needle aspiration was 91.2%. No cases of recurrence were observed, however, there were 5 fistulisations. In all, 91.2% were treated on an outpatient basis. In 87.8% of cases, breastfeeding was continued on the healthy side and in 48.5% of cases on the affected side. The major risk factor for abscess was mastitis in 91.1% of cases. Ultrasound guidance of needle aspiration should be gold standard for the treatment of lactational breast abscesses to continue breastfeeding including the affected side. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.

  14. [Giant liver abscess due to nearly asymptomatic choledocholithiasis].

    PubMed

    Colović, Radoje; Grubor, Nikica; Colović, Natasa

    2002-01-01

    Solitary pyogenic liver abscess is usually caused by a metastatic infection through the portal blood flow or through the hepatic arterial blood flow from extra-abdominal pyogenic foci. Besides, it may be the result of local inflammatory diseases, such as cholecystitis, hydatid cyst, haematomas particularly with retained foreign bodies, etc. Suppurative cholangitis usually causes multiple pyogenic liver abscesses. Solitary pyogenic abscess is rarely caused by cholangitis, but practically always by suppurative cholangitis. Giant pyogenic liver abscess due to asymptomatic or mild cholangitis is a rarity. We present on a 63 year old man who developed a giant solitary pyogenic liver abscess in whom no other possible cause could be found or anticipated except practically almost asymptomatic choledocholithiasis accompanied with mild elevation of bilirubin content, alkaline phosphatase and gamma-GT. The patient was successfully treated operatively. Over 1800 ml. of pus was aspirated from the abscess cavity. Operative cholangiography performed in spite of the absence of gall bladder stones undilated and noninflamed common bile duct stone showed a small nonobstructing distal common bile duct stone. The duct was not dilated, the bile was clear and there were no signs of cholangitis in the inside of the common bile duct. Cholecystectomy and abscess cavity drainage led to uneventful recovery. The patient has been symptom-free for more than 3.5 years.

  15. Subperiosteal abscess in a child. Trueta's osteomyelitis hypothesis undermined?

    PubMed

    Weenders, S G M; Janssen, N E; Landman, G W D; van den Berg, F P

    2015-10-01

    Subperiosteal abscess formation is almost exclusively seen secondary to underlying hematogenous infected osteomyelitis or secondary as a result of a contagious focus. We present an unusual case of a 9-year-old girl with progressive ankle pain due to an isolated subperiosteal abscess of the distal fibula without concomitant osteomyelitis. The subperiosteal abscess was most likely caused by hematogenous spread to the periosteal region of the distal fibula located above the highly vascularized metaphysis. Remarkably, there were no signs of osteomyelitis on either MRI or during surgical inspection. She was successfully treated with debridement and antibiotic therapy. We hypothesize that subperiosteal abscess formation near the metaphysis originates in the periosteal region and not from outward extension from the sinusoidal veins in the intrametaphyseal area to the cortex and subperiosteal region.

  16. Liver abscess caused by toothpick and treated by laparoscopic left hepatic resection: case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Abu-Wasel, Bassam; Eltawil, Karim M; Keough, Valerie; Molinari, Michele

    2012-01-01

    Hepatic abscesses caused by ingested foreign bodies have been reported in the medical literature but represent very uncommon events. Extra-luminal migration of sawing needles and pins is the most common cause of perforation of the gastrointestinal tract associated with liver infections. Other non-metallic sharp objects such as animal bones and toothpicks have been described but are less frequent. The authors present a case of a 45-year-old woman who suffered from sepsis and a liver abscess because of the migration of a toothpick that lodged in the left hepatic lobe. Review of the literature on the pathogenesis and clinical management of liver abscesses caused by ingested foreign is presented. PMID:22969156

  17. Liver abscess caused by toothpick and treated by laparoscopic left hepatic resection: case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Abu-Wasel, Bassam; Eltawil, Karim M; Keough, Valerie; Molinari, Michele

    2012-08-08

    Hepatic abscesses caused by ingested foreign bodies have been reported in the medical literature but represent very uncommon events. Extra-luminal migration of sawing needles and pins is the most common cause of perforation of the gastrointestinal tract associated with liver infections. Other non-metallic sharp objects such as animal bones and toothpicks have been described but are less frequent. The authors present a case of a 45-year-old woman who suffered from sepsis and a liver abscess because of the migration of a toothpick that lodged in the left hepatic lobe. Review of the literature on the pathogenesis and clinical management of liver abscesses caused by ingested foreign is presented.

  18. Broken Esophageal Stent Successfully Treated by Interventional Radiology Technique

    SciTech Connect

    Zelenak, Kamil; Mistuna, Dusan; Lucan, Jaroslav; Polacek, Hubert

    2010-06-15

    Esophageal stent fractures occur quite rarely. A 61-year-old male patient was previously treated for rupture of benign stenosis, occurring after dilatation, by implanting an esophageal stent. However, a year after implantation, the patient suffered from dysphagia caused by the broken esophageal stent. He was treated with the interventional radiology technique, whereby a second implantation of the esophageal stent was carried out quite successfully.

  19. Bowen disease of the eyelid successfully treated with imiquimod.

    PubMed

    Brannan, Paul A; Anderson, Heidi K; Kersten, Robert C; Kulwin, Dwight R

    2005-07-01

    We present a case of Bowen disease affecting the eyelid that was successfully treated with imiquimod. The clinical presentation, histopathology, and treatment of this case are presented. The tumor was treated with imiquimod for 3 months, leading to complete resolution of the disease both clinically and histopathologically. There was no evidence of recurrence 5 months after treatment cessation. Imiquimod was safely used on the eyelid in this case and may avoid extensive periocular tumor excision and reconstruction in Bowen disease.

  20. Pancreatic abscesses.

    PubMed

    Shi, E C; Yeo, B W; Ham, J M

    1984-09-01

    This paper presents the clinical features and problems in the management of 34 patients with pancreatic abscesses. In the majority of patients the abscesses developed following an attack of pancreatitis due to alcohol or gallstones. The abscesses were usually multilocular, and often had spread widely in the retroperitoneal space. Invasion into surrounding viscera or the peritoneal cavity occurred in 12 instances, and eight patients developed major bleeding into the abscess cavity. Obstructive complications (affecting bowel, common bile duct and large veins) occurred in eight patients. Twelve of the 34 patients (35 per cent) died, most deaths being due to failure to control sepsis (seven patients) or to massive bleeding from the abscess cavity (three patients). The mortality of this condition is likely to remain high, but may be reduced by better drainage techniques at the initial exploration. The importance of the infra-mesocolic approach for drainage is emphasized.

  1. [Acute periproctal abscesses].

    PubMed

    Slauf, P; Antoš, F; Marx, J

    2014-04-01

    Periproctal inflammations related to the anus are characterized by the rapid spread of the infection to the surrounding tissue, which is determined by the anatomical characteristics and infectious agents. Inflammation, which starts as a phlegmon, quickly forms boundaries and an abscess develops in most cases. Up to 80-90% of anorectal abscesses develop according to the crypto-glandular theory on the basis of infection of the anal glands, spilling into the Morgagni crypts in the anal canal. Up to two-thirds of such abscesses are associated with the emergence of anorectal fistulas. Anorectal abscesses can be divided into marginal and subcutaneous perianal abscesses, submucosal, intersphincteric, ischiorectal and supralevator abscesses. Their diagnosis is based on thorough physical examination, sometimes also with the help of imaging methods such as computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and endoanal ultrasound. What is decisive for the successful treatment of anorectal abscessess is their early and adequate surgical drainage. Adjuvant antibiotic therapy is necessary only when the overall signs of sepsis are present and for patients with a comorbidity such as diabetes, valvular heart disease, or immunodeficiency.

  2. Aseptic lung and liver abscesses: a diagnostic challenge.

    PubMed

    Yildiz, Halil; Munting, Aline; Komuta, Mina; Danse, Etienne; Lefebvre, Chantal

    2017-08-01

    A 67-year-old man known with systemic sarcoidosis was admitted to the department of internal medicine because of cough and chest pain for several weeks. Thoracic tomodensitometry demonstrated multiple pulmonary nodules. Biopsies revealed features compatible with abscesses. Cultures and serologic tests were negative and the patient was successfully treated with prednisone. Three years later, a thoraco-abdominal tomodensitometry showed a relapse in the lung and also the apparition of similar lesions in the liver. Blood test revealed elevated CRP level at 40 mg/L and mild cholestasis. Biopsies of the liver excluded neoplastic or infectious diseases and showed inflammatory granulation tissue with abscess formation. A diagnosis of sarcoidosis-associated aseptic abscesses syndrome was then made, which was successfully treated with corticosteroids.

  3. Herpes simplex virus-induced cardiomyopathy successfully treated with acyclovir.

    PubMed

    Kuchynka, Petr; Palecek, Tomas; Hrbackova, Hana; Vitkova, Ivana; Simek, Stanislav; Nemecek, Eduard; Aster, Viktor; Louch, William E; Aschermann, Michael; Linhart, Ales

    2010-10-01

    Inflammatory dilated cardiomyopathy (DCMi) represents an acquired form of dilated cardiomyopathy. Viral infection is the most common cause of DCMi. In contrast with other cardiotropic viruses, herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a very rare finding in endomyocardial biopsies of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. We report a case of HSV-induced cardiomyopathy successfully treated with acyclovir.

  4. Ofuji's disease in an immunocompetent patient successfully treated with dapsone

    PubMed Central

    Anjaneyan, Gopikrishnan; Manne, Sindhura; Panicker, Vinitha Varghese; Eapen, Malini

    2016-01-01

    Eosinophilic pustular folliculitis or Ofuji's disease is a non-infectious eosinophilic infiltration of hair follicles, which usually presents with itchy papules and pustules in a circinate configuration. We report this case of an immunocompetent patient with erythematous papules and plaques without macropustules diagnosed as eosinophilic pustular folliculitis—a rarely reported entity outside Japan. He was successfully treated with oral dapsone. PMID:27730038

  5. A Patient with Localized Scleroderma Successfully Treated with Etretinate

    PubMed Central

    Shima, Tomoko; Yamamoto, Yuki; Ikeda, Takaharu; Furukawa, Fukumi

    2014-01-01

    There are several treatment methods for localized scleroderma, but treatment is difficult when the lesion is widely distributed. We encountered a case who was treated successfully with etretinate, a vitamin A derivative. The usefulness of this agent is discussed. PMID:25408646

  6. Irrigation of liver abscess: proposal of a novel method and possible indications.

    PubMed

    Zenda, T; Kaizaki, C; Sato, H; Miyamoto, S; Okada, T; Mabuchi, H

    2001-01-01

    We present here two suggestive cases in considering the advantages and disadvantages of irrigation of pyogenic liver abscess: one patient developed an intrahepatic hematoma as an unusual sequela, while the other was successfully treated by abscess irrigation, overcoming failure of percutaneous catheter drainage and the patient's seriously ill condition. Based on these cases, we propose a novel method of liver abscess irrigation via percutaneous drainage tubes with the following three characteristics: 1) use of a drip infusion apparatus for irrigant instillation and drainage in order to avoid elevation of pressure in the abscess, a source of potential life-threatening sequelae, 2) addition of contrast medium to irrigant, and 3) employment of computed tomography in dynamic equilibrium of irrigant in order to evaluate the efficacy of current irrigation. Of interest was the parenchymal enhancement around the irrigated liver abscess revealed by computed tomography with this method, which suggested that dissemination of abscess contents may be inevitable with irrigation. Although the indications for liver abscess irrigation must be considered carefully given the critical sequelae potentially associated with it, the method we present can be used as a second-line trial exclusively for liver abscesses refractory to first-line treatment with percutaneous catheter drainage or needle aspiration, since it can be used not only as a therapeutic procedure with mechanical washing or dilution of abscess contents but also as a diagnostic aid enabling more effective subsequent treatment by defining the areas in which drainage and irrigation is not effective.

  7. [Endodontically treated teeth. Success--failure. Endorestorative treatment plan].

    PubMed

    Zabalegui, B

    1990-01-01

    More and more often the general dentist is finding the presence of endodontically treated teeth during his treatment planning procedure. He has to ask himself if the endo-treated tooth functions and will continue to function function successfully, when deciding which final endo-restorative procedure to apply. For this reason the dentist or the endodontist with whom he works should clinically evaluate these teeth, establish a diagnostic criteria of their success or failure and a treatment plan according to the prognosis. The purpose of this article is to offer an organized clinical view of the steps to follow when evaluating an endodontically treated tooth and how to establish a final endo-restorative plan.

  8. Brain abscess.

    PubMed

    Slazinski, Tess

    2013-09-01

    A brain abscess is defined as a localized collection of pus within the parenchyma of the brain or meninges. Brain abscesses are a complication of ear, sinus, and/or dental infections. Although they may occur in many brain locations, the most common sites are frontal and temporal lobes. Modern neuroimaging and laboratory analysis have led to prompt diagnosis and have decreased the mortality rates from brain abscess. Critical care nurses have a vital role in performing accurate neurologic assessments, timely administration of antibiotics, and management of fever. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Successful Treatment of Combined Aspergillus and Cytomegalovirus Abscess in Brain and Lung After Liver Transplant for Toxic Fulminant Hepatitis.

    PubMed

    Kim, Tae-Seok; Ahn, Keun Soo; Kim, Yong Hoon; Kim, Hyoung Tae; Jang, Byoung Kuk; Hwang, Jae Seok; Kim, Il-Man; Kang, Yu Na; Kang, Koo Jeong

    2017-02-01

    Invasive aspergillosis is one of the most important and fatal complications after liver transplant, especially in patients with involvement of the central nervous system. We present a case of a patient who developed cerebral and pulmonary aspergillosis, coinfected with cytomegalovirus, after liver transplant for toxic fulminant hepatitis. The patient was treated successfully with neurosurgical intervention and voriconazole. Voriconazole is considered more effective in cerebral aspergillosis than other anti-fungal agents due to the greater penetration into central nervous system and higher cerebrospinal fluid and brain tissue levels.

  10. Abscess caused by vancomycin-resistant Lactobacillus confusus.

    PubMed Central

    Bantar, C E; Relloso, S; Castell, F R; Smayevsky, J; Bianchini, H M

    1991-01-01

    Several isolates of vancomycin-resistant Lactobacillus confusus from human sources have been described, but to our knowledge, no well-documented infection attributable to this organism has been published. A thumb abscess caused by this bacterium in a healthy 49-year-old male is reported here. He was successfully treated by surgical drainage and cephalothin. PMID:1774335

  11. Brain abscess caused by Tsukamurella tyrosinosolvens in an immunocompetent patient.

    PubMed

    Sheng, Wang-Huei; Huang, Yu-Tsung; Chang, Shan-Chwen; Hsueh, Po-Ren

    2009-05-01

    We describe a previously healthy patient with chronic otitis media complicated with cerebellar abscess caused by Tsukamurella tyrosinosolvens. The organism was identified based on conventional biochemical identification methods, PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of the hsp65 gene, and 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The patient was treated successfully with debridements and prolonged antibiotic therapy.

  12. Brain Abscess Caused by Tsukamurella tyrosinosolvens in an Immunocompetent Patient▿

    PubMed Central

    Sheng, Wang-Huei; Huang, Yu-Tsung; Chang, Shan-Chwen; Hsueh, Po-Ren

    2009-01-01

    We describe a previously healthy patient with chronic otitis media complicated with cerebellar abscess caused by Tsukamurella tyrosinosolvens. The organism was identified based on conventional biochemical identification methods, PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of the hsp65 gene, and 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The patient was treated successfully with debridements and prolonged antibiotic therapy. PMID:19297591

  13. Anorectal abscess

    MedlinePlus

    ... an anal fissure Sexually transmitted infection (STD) Trauma Deep rectal abscesses may be caused by intestinal disorders ... drains the pus. If the pus collection is deep, you may need to stay in the hospital ...

  14. Subareolar abscess

    MedlinePlus

    Your health care provider will perform a breast exam. Sometimes an ultrasound or other imaging test of the breast is recommended. A blood count and a culture of the abscess, if drained, may be ordered.

  15. Percutaneous Drainage of 300 Intraperitoneal Abscesses with Long-Term Follow-Up

    SciTech Connect

    Akinci, Devrim; Akhan, Okan Ozmen, Mustafa N.; Karabulut, Nevzat; Ozkan, Orhan; Cil, Barbaros E.; Karcaaltincaba, Musturay

    2005-12-15

    The purpose of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous drainage of intraperitoneal abscesses with attention to recurrence and failure rates. A retrospective analysis of percutaneous treatment of 300 intraperitoneal abscesses in 255 patients (147 male, 108 female; average age: 38 years; range: 40 days to 90 years) for whom at least 1-year follow-up data were available was performed. Abscesses were drained with fluoroscopic, sonographic, or computed tomographic guidance. Nine abscesses were drained by simple aspiration; catheter drainage either by Seldinger or trocar technique was used in the remaining 291 abscesses with 6F to 14 F catheters. Initial cure and failure rates were 68% (203/300) and 12% (36/300), respectively. Sixty-one abscesses (20%) were either palliated or temporized. The recurrence rate was 4% (12/300) and nine of them were cured by recatheterization, whereas three of them were treated by medication or surgery. The overall success and failure rates were 91% (273/300) and 9% (27/300), respectively, with temporized, palliated, and recatheterized recurred abscesses. The 30-day mortality rate was 3.1% (8/255). The mean duration of catheterization was 13 days. Intraperitoneal abscesses with safe access routes should be drained percutaneously because of high success and low morbidity, mortality, and recurrence rates.

  16. Splenic abscesses.

    PubMed

    Al-Hajjar, Nadim; Graur, Florin; Hassan, Aboul B; Molnár, Geza

    2002-03-01

    Splenic abscesses are rare entities (autopsy incidence between 0.14-0.7%). The most frequent etiology is the septic emboli seeding from bacterial endocarditis (about 20% of cases) or other septic foci (typhoid fever, malaria, urinary tract infections, osteomielitis, otitis). The treatment of splenic abscesses was until recently splenectomy with antibiotherapy. The actual trends are more conservative (mini invasive or non-invasive) because the immunologic role of the spleen has been better understood over the last year

  17. Multiple Liver Abscesses Associated with Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Infection: Case Report and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Tae Ki

    2013-01-01

    Liver abscess following ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting occurs very rarely. We report an unusual case of multiple liver abscesses caused by Staphylococcus capitis in a 50-year-old compromised woman due to a complicating VP shunt infection. We reviewed the nine cases of VP shunt complications reported in the English literature, and speculated that the most likely pathogenetic mechanism in our case is an infected peritoneal tip that migrated to and penetrated the liver, which subsequently caused the formation of multiple liver abscesses. The patient was successfully treated with percutaneous aspiration, drainage of the abscesses, intravenous antibiotics, and shunt revision. Awareness and vigilance of the possibility of liver abscess formation caused by VP shunt infection will help establish an early accurate diagnosis and therapeutic strategy. PMID:24379956

  18. A case of Exophiala oligosperma successfully treated with voriconazole.

    PubMed

    Rimawi, Bassam H; Rimawi, Ramzy H; Mirdamadi, Meena; Steed, Lisa L; Marchell, Richard; Sutton, Deanna A; Thompson, Elizabeth H; Wiederhold, Nathan P; Lindner, Jonathan R; Boger, M Sean

    2013-09-08

    Exophiala oligosperma is an uncommon pathogen associated with human infections, predominantly in immunocompromised hosts. Case reports of clinical infections related to E. oligosperma have been limited to 6 prior publications, all of which have shown limited susceptibility to conventional antifungal therapies, including amphotericin B, itraconazole, and fluconazole. We describe the first case of an E. oligosperma induced soft-tissue infection successfully treated with a 3-month course of voriconazole without persisting lesions.

  19. A case of Exophiala oligosperma successfully treated with voriconazole☆

    PubMed Central

    Rimawi, Bassam H.; Rimawi, Ramzy H.; Mirdamadi, Meena; Steed, Lisa L.; Marchell, Richard; Sutton, Deanna A.; Thompson, Elizabeth H.; Wiederhold, Nathan P.; Lindner, Jonathan R.; Boger, M. Sean

    2013-01-01

    Exophiala oligosperma is an uncommon pathogen associated with human infections, predominantly in immunocompromised hosts. Case reports of clinical infections related to E. oligosperma have been limited to 6 prior publications, all of which have shown limited susceptibility to conventional antifungal therapies, including amphotericin B, itraconazole, and fluconazole. We describe the first case of an E. oligosperma induced soft-tissue infection successfully treated with a 3-month course of voriconazole without persisting lesions. PMID:24432241

  20. Spinal cord abscess

    MedlinePlus

    ... abscess usually occurs as a complication of an epidural abscess . Pus forms as a collection of: Destroyed tissue ... bone ( osteomyelitis ). The bone infection may cause an epidural abscess to form. This abscess gets larger and presses ...

  1. Staphylococcal Enterotoxin B-specific monoclonal antibody 20B1 successfully treats diverse Staphylococcus aureus infections.

    PubMed

    Varshney, Avanish K; Wang, Xiaobo; Scharff, Matthew D; MacIntyre, Jennifer; Zollner, Richard S; Kovalenko, Oleg V; Martinez, Luis R; Byrne, Fergus R; Fries, Bettina C

    2013-12-15

    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has become a major health threat in the United States. Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) is a potent superantigen that contributes to its virulence. High mortality and frequent failure of therapy despite available antibiotics have stimulated research efforts to develop adjunctive therapies. Treatment benefits of SEB-specific monoclonal antibody (mAb) 20B1 were investigated in mice in sepsis, superficial skin, and deep-tissue infection models. Mice challenged with a SEB-producing MRSA strain developed fatal sepsis, extensive tissue skin infection, and abscess-forming deep-seeded thigh muscle infection. Animals preimmunized against SEB or treated passively with mAb 20B1 exhibited enhanced survival in the sepsis model, whereas decrease of bacterial burden was observed in the superficial skin and deep-tissue models. mAb 20B1 bound to SEB in the infected tissue and decreased abscess formation and proinflammatory cytokine levels, lymphocyte proliferation, and neutrophil recruitment. mAb 20B1, an SEB-neutralizing mAb, is effective against MRSA infection. mAb 20B1 protects against lethal sepsis and reduces skin tissue invasion and deep-abscess formation. The mAb penetrates well into the abscess and binds to SEB. It affects the outcome of S. aureus infection by modulating the host's proinflammatory immune response.

  2. [US-guided transhepatic drainage of a mediastinal abscess].

    PubMed

    Simón-Yarza, I; Viteri-Ramírez, G; García-Lallana, A; Benito, A

    2014-01-01

    Anastomoses often leak after esophageal surgery; if they are not detected in time, leaks can give rise to complications like fluid collections, superinfections, and mediastinitis. Although these complications usually require surgical treatment, different series of patients successfully treated with conservative or minimally invasive approaches have been reported. We present the case of a patient who developed a mediastinal abscess after epiphrenic diverticulectomy. We treated the abscess with US-guided percutaneous transhepatic drainage to avoid surgical reintervention. Although other cases of a transhepatic approach to thoracic lesions have been reported, to our knowledge this is the first report of this technique in mediastinal abscesses. We recommend that transhepatic drainage be considered a therapeutic option in the management of these complications. Copyright © 2011 SERAM. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  3. [A Case of Advanced Gastric Cancer with Multiple Liver Metastases Successfully Treated with Capecitabine, Cisplatin, and Trastuzumab].

    PubMed

    Oneda, Yasuo; Tamura, Shigeyuki; Murakami, Kouhei; Takeno, Atsushi; Kuwahara, Ryuichi; Akiyama, Yasuki; Sakamoto, Takuya; Inatome, Junichi; Naito, Atushi; Katsura, Yoshiteru; Ohmura, Yoshiaki; Kagawa, Yoshinori; Egawa, Chiyomi; Takeda, Yutaka; Kato, Takeshi

    2016-11-01

    A 70-year-old-man, whose chief complaint was epigastric pain, was referred to our hospital and diagnosed with advanced gastric cancer with multiple liver metastases. Gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a tumor on the anterior wall of the gastric lower body. Histologically, biopsy specimens indicated adenocarcinoma, and immunohistochemistry showed positive expression of HER2(3+). Chest and abdominal computed tomography showed multiple liver metastases and lymph node metastases. We started chemotherapy with capecitabine, cisplatin, and trastuzumab. Abdominal CT showed the primary tumor and metastases to be reduced after 3 courses, but a ringed enhanced space occupying lesion in the liver had appeared, which was diagnosed as a liver abscess. After administering antibiotics and performing percutaneous transhepatic abscess drainage (PTAD), we continued XPT chemotherapy. The patient received 6 courses of XPT, 15 courses of capecitabine and trastuzumab, and 6 courses of trastuzumab alone, and has remained progression free in the 1 year and 5 months after diagnosis. We experienced a case of advanced gastric cancer with multiple liver metastases successfully treated with capecitabine, cisplatin, and trastuzumab.

  4. Citrobacter koseri bacteraemia complicated by paraspinal abscess and spondylodiscitis--a case report.

    PubMed

    Hayati, Shaharuddin Nor; Leong, Chee Loon; Kumar, Chidambaram Suresh; Lee, Christopher

    2012-06-01

    Paraspinal abscess and spondylodiscitis due to Citrobacter koseri is a very rare condition. We report a remarkable case of Citrobacter koseri bacteraemia complicated by paraspinal abscess and spondylodiscitis in a patient who has successfully been treated in our hospital. Our patient demonstrates one of the common challenges in the practice of infectious disease medicine, wherein an innocuous presentation may and often underlie a serious infection. This case report elucidates to us that the diagnosis of a paraspinal abscess and spondylodiscitis requires a high index of suspicion in at risk patient presenting with compatible signs and symptoms.

  5. Prevotella brain abscess in a healthy young patient with a patent foramen ovale.

    PubMed

    Han, Seong Rok; Choi, Chan Young; Kwak, Jae-Jin

    2016-03-01

    Brain abscesses are frequently caused by poly-microbial conditions. Comparatively, brain abscesses caused by Prevotella species are very rare. Right-to-left cardiac shunting due to a patent foramen ovale may predispose patients to infection. We report an isolated Prevotella brain abscess that occurred in a healthy, young, male patient with a patent foramen ovale. The patient did not have a clinically obvious odontogenic source of infection, and no other distant extracranial infectious sources were observed. The patient was successfully treated with stereotactic aspiration and antibiotics. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Bilateral renal abscess in a previously healthy 11-year-old girl.

    PubMed

    Chaudhry, Saduf; Bolt, Roel

    2010-11-01

    Renal abscesses are infrequently encountered in children. We describe a girl diagnosed with bilateral renal abscess. Although ultrasonography and computerised tomography are used to establish the diagnosis, in our case magnetic resonance imaging proved to be a useful additional diagnostic method. Using percutaneous aspiration, we were able to establish the correct diagnosis and identify the causative micro-organism. The patient was successfully treated with a combined intravenous and oral course of antibiotics. In conclusion, renal abscesses can occur in children without a history of reflux or urinary tract infection; this should be kept in mind when evaluating a child with fever. In addition, full recovery can be achieved solely with antibiotics.

  7. Extensive spinal epidural abscess treated with "apical laminectomies" and irrigation of the epidural space: report of 2 cases.

    PubMed

    Abd-El-Barr, Muhammad M; Bi, Wenya Linda; Bahluyen, Biji; Rodriguez, Samuel T; Groff, Michael W; Chi, John H

    2015-03-01

    Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is a rare but often devastating infection of the epidural space around the spinal cord. When an SEA is widespread, extensive decompression with laminectomy is often impossible, as it may subject the patient to very long operative times, extensive blood loss, and mechanical instability. A technique called "skip laminectomy" has been described in the literature, in which laminectomies are performed at the rostral and caudal ends of an abscess that spans 3-5 levels and a Fogarty catheter is used to mechanically drain the abscess, much like in an embolectomy. In this report of 2 patients, the authors present a modification of this technique, which they call "apical laminectomies" to allow for irrigation and drainage of an extensive SEA spanning the entire length of the vertebral column (C1-2 to L5-S1). Two patients presented with cervico-thoraco-lumbar SEA. Laminectomies were performed at the natural apices of the spine, namely, at the midcervical, midthoracic, and midlumbar spine levels. Next, a pediatric feeding tube was inserted in the epidural space from the thoracic laminectomies up toward the cervical laminectomy site and down toward the lumbar laminectomy site, and saline antibiotics were used to irrigate the SEA. Both patients underwent this procedure with no adverse effects. Their SEAs resolved both clinically and radiologically. Neither patient suffered from mechanical instability at 1 year after treatment. For patients who present with extensive SEAs, apical laminectomies seem to allow for surgical cure of the infectious burden and do not subject the patient to extended operating room time, an increased risk of blood loss, and the risk of mechanical instability.

  8. Second lung cancers in patients successfully treated for lung cancer.

    PubMed

    Johnson, B E; Cortazar, P; Chute, J P

    1997-08-01

    The rate of developing second lung cancers and other aerodigestive tumors in patients who have been treated for both small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is approximately 10-fold higher than other adult smokers. The risk of second lung cancers in patients surviving resection of NSCLC is approximately 1% to 2% per year. The series reported show that the patients who develop second NSCLCs tend to have early-stage NSCLC (predominantly stage I and II). The survival of patients after the second resection of lung cancer is similar to that of patients presenting with initial NSCLC. The risk of second lung cancers in patients surviving SCLC is 2% to 14% per patient per year and increases two- to seven-fold with the passage of time from 2 to 10 years. The risk of second lung cancers in patients treated for SCLC appears to be higher than that found in patients with NSCLC who were treated only with surgical resection. In addition, the chances of successful resection of second primary NSCLCs in patients who were treated for SCLC is much less than that for patients with metachronous lung cancers after an initial NSCLC. Patients treated for SCLC who continue to smoke cigarettes increase their rate of developing second lung cancers. The contribution of chest radiation and chemotherapy administration to the risk of developing second lung tumors remain to be defined but may be responsible for some of the increased risk in patients treated for SCLC compared to patients undergoing a surgical resection for NSCLC.

  9. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided hepatic and perihepatic abscess drainage: an evolving technique

    PubMed Central

    Changela, Kinesh; Lane, Devin; Anand, Sury; Duddempudi, Sushil

    2014-01-01

    Interventional radiology-guided percutaneous drainage of liver abscesses with concomitant use of antibiotics has been the conventional approach for the treatment of liver abscesses. Hepatic abscesses refractory or not amenable to percutaneous drainage have been treated with surgical drainage, either via laparoscopic or open laparotomy techniques. The aim of this review was to evaluate the technical feasibility and efficacy of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided drainage of liver abscesses. A literature review was performed to identify the studies describing the technique. In this review article we have summarized case series or reports describing EUS-guided liver abscess drainage. The indications, techniques, endoprostheses, limitations and complications reported are discussed. A total of seven cases have been described so far in the literature which included patients with failed conventional treatment modalities. The EUS-guided drainage technique involves puncturing the abscess using endosonography to gain access, passing a guidewire followed by tract dilation and placement of an endoprosthesis for drainage. Studies have reported 100% technical and clinical success rates in selected cases. No complications were reported. EUS-guided drainage of liver abscesses can be a safe and effective alternative approach in the management of liver abscesses in selected patients. PMID:24587822

  10. Necrobiotic xanthogranuloma successfully treated with autologous stem cell transplantation.

    PubMed

    Goede, Jeroen S; Misselwitz, Benjamin; Taverna, Christian; Schanz, Urs; Dispenzieri, Angela; Hummel, Yvonne; Trüeb, Ralph M; Fehr, Jörg

    2007-04-01

    Paraproteinemia can be complicated by necrobiotic xanthogranuloma. Therapeutic options for this progressive disease are limited, and there is no agreement on a single best strategy. We report the case of a patient with a massive periorbital infiltration narrowing the palpebral fissure and blinding the patient. Conventional myeloma therapy had only limited benefit in our patient. However, he was successfully treated with high-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation, rendering the patient free of symptoms. This is the first report of autologous stem cell transplantation in a patient with necrobiotic xanthogranuloma.

  11. Brain abscess.

    PubMed

    Sáez-Llorens, Xavier; Nieto-Guevara, Javier

    2013-01-01

    Brain abscess is a serious and life-threatening disease among children despite advances in diagnosis and management. Changes in the epidemiology of predisposing conditions for brain abscess are associated with changes in the patient population and causative organisms. Though still a potentially fatal infection, there have been recent improvements in diagnosis, treatment, and outcome. Although mortality appears to be decreasing, a significant percentage of children continue to have residual neurological deficits, including epilepsy, permanent motor or sensory dysfunction, visual field defects, and personality change. Some children also require placement of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. The most common origin of microbial infection in children remains direct or indirect cranial infection arising from the middle ear, paranasal sinuses, or teeth. No prospective clinical trials have compared the various surgical and medical treatment strategies available to guide the management of cerebral abscesses in children. Most surgical and medical treatment guidelines are based on populations consisting primarily of adult patients. The use of corticosteroids for treatment of brain abscess is controversial. Anticonvulsants are recommended in children who have developed seizures potentially to prevent further episodes. Duration of anticonvulsant therapy should be individualized and guided by electroencephalographic (EEG) study in the follow-up phase of disease. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Amoebic liver abscess: ultrasonographic characteristics and results of different therapeutic approaches.

    PubMed

    Widjaya, P; Bilić, A; Babić, Z; Ljubicić, N; Bakula, B; Pilas, V

    1991-01-01

    This prospective study was carried out on 33 patients with clinically, serologically and ultrasonographically confirmed amoebic liver abscess. All patients were randomly treated with metronidazole and chlorochin or a combination of medicamentous therapy and percutaneous drainage. Ultrasonographic characteristics of amoebic liver abscesses were rotound or oval shape, usually hypoechogenic content with specific dorsal sonic enhancement, and in the majority of cases, location near liver capsule. Shorter duration of amoebic liver abscess resolution time in the group of patients treated with the combined therapy was observed particularly in the first four weeks of the treatment. The authors concluded that percutaneous drainage in combination with medicamentous therapy represents a successful therapeutic approach in the treatment of amoebic liver abscesses.

  13. Two-step procedure for complicated appendicitis with perityphlitic abscess formation.

    PubMed

    Miftaroski, Almir; Kessler, Ulf; Monnard, Etienne; Egger, Bernhard

    2017-04-19

    Optimal management of perforated appendicitis with perityphlitic phlegmon or abscess formation is controversial. The aim of the study was to assess the outcome after a two-step procedure to treat patients with perityphlitic abscess formation. We retrospectively assessed prospectively collected data from a single-centre database that included adult patients who had appendicitis and perityphlitic abscess (>=3 cm) but no generalised peritonitis, and were treated in 2007-2015. Patients underwent a two-step procedure that comprised antibiotic treatment and drainage when technically feasible (step 1) followed by interval appendectomy (step 2). We evaluated treatment modalities, complications and outcomes. Out of a total of 1480 patients with appendicitis, 15 patients presented with perityphlitic abscess. In addition to antibiotic treatment, computed tomography-guided drainage was performed in 12 of these cases. Step 1 and 2 hospital stays were (median, range) 7 days (5–14 days) and 2 days (2–12 days), respectively. One patient’s abscess recurred after 2 months, associated with new onset appendicitis and perforation. Another patient underwent reoperation after interval appendectomy for suspected postoperative peritonitis. This two-step procedure for appendicitis with appendicular abscess was highly successful (100%) with a low rate of complications (13%). In the view of a potentially increased rate of appendicular neoplasm in combination with abscess formation, the role of interval appendectomy has to be evaluated in larger trials.

  14. Rate of malignancies in breast abscesses and argument for ultrasound drainage.

    PubMed

    Scott, Bradford G; Silberfein, Eric J; Pham, Huang Q; Feanny, Mark A; Lassinger, Brian K; Welsh, Francis J; Carrick, Mathew M

    2006-12-01

    Biopsy of a breast abscess wall has been performed for years without evidence. Aspiration of breast abscesses has been increasing in popularity without widespread acceptance. A 10-year retrospective review of 206 surgical biopsies after incision and drainage of breast abscesses. A literature review of breast abscess treated with ultrasound-guided aspiration. Over 10 years, 4.37% (9/206) patients were diagnosed with malignancy in the abscess cavity wall tissue. None of the 197 patients with a negative biopsy returned with breast cancer. Single, multiple, and combined aspiration success rates of 79.8% (364/458), 11.0% (50/458), and 90.9% (482/532) with surgical intervention necessary in 9.1% (50/532). Ultrasound versus hand guidance (92.5% versus 81.9 %, P < .01) improved success rate. The rate of associated malignancies with breast abscess is very low and does not warrant mandatory surgical drainage. The use of ultrasound-directed aspiration of breast abscesses is effective and should be first-line therapy.

  15. Systemic infection and splenic abscess

    PubMed Central

    Guileyardo, Joseph

    2017-01-01

    Splenic abscess is a rare complication of systemic infection, sometimes associated with infective endocarditis. Due to its rarity and nonspecific symptoms, diagnosis is difficult. Antibiotic therapy alone is usually unsuccessful, and definitive treatment requires splenectomy, although percutaneous ultrasound-guided drainage has been successful in some patients. Abdominal computed tomography scans and ultrasound evaluation are usually diagnostic. We present two patients with treatment-resistant sepsis who were found at autopsy to have splenic abscess.

  16. Good penetration of moxifloxacin into human abscesses.

    PubMed

    Sauermann, Robert; Karch, Rudolf; Kjellsson, Maria C; Feurstein, Thomas; Püspök, Andreas; Langenberger, Herbert; Böhmdorfer, Michaela; Jäger, Walter; Zeitlinger, Markus

    2012-01-01

    Abscesses are often treated with antibiotics in addition to incision or when incision is unfeasible, but accurate information about antibiotic abscess penetration in humans is missing. This study aimed at evaluating the penetration of moxifloxacin into human abscesses. After administration of a single dose of 400 mg moxifloxacin, drug concentrations were measured in 10 differently located abscesses at incision, and in plasma over 8 h. At incision performed 0.9-4.8 h after administration, moxifloxacin concentrations in abscesses ranged from ≤0.01 to 9.2 mg/l (1.9 ± 3.4 mg/l), indicating pronounced drug accumulation in some abscesses. The degree of abscess penetration could not be explained by covariates like the ratio of surface area to volume or pH of abscesses, or by moxifloxacin plasma concentrations. Concluding, moxifloxacin was detectable in most abscesses and may be a useful antibiotic for this indication. However, antibiotic abscess penetration was highly variable and unpredictable, suggesting surgical abscess incision whenever possible.

  17. Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome successfully treated with high-volume hemofiltration

    PubMed Central

    Bugedo, Guillermo; Florez, Jorge; Ferres, Marcela; Roessler, Eric; Bruhn, Alejandro

    2016-01-01

    Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome has a high mortality rate, and early connection to extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has been suggested to improve outcomes. We report the case of a patient with demonstrated Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome and refractory shock who fulfilled the criteria for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and responded successfully to high volume continuous hemofiltration. The implementation of high volume continuous hemofiltration along with protective ventilation reversed the shock within a few hours and may have prompted recovery. In patients with Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome, a short course of high volume continuous hemofiltration may help differentiate patients who can be treated with conventional intensive care unit management from those who will require more complex therapies, such as extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. PMID:27410413

  18. A misdiagnosed Riedel's thyroiditis successfully treated by thyroidectomy and tamoxifen.

    PubMed

    Wang, Chih-Jung; Wu, Ta-Jen; Lee, Chung-Ta; Huang, Shih-Ming

    2012-12-01

    Riedel's thyroiditis, known as invasive fibrous thyroiditis, is a very rare form of chronic thyroiditis. It is hard to make the diagnosis without surgical biopsy. We present a case of Riedel's thyroiditis in a 52-year-old female with past history of Hashimoto's thyroiditis. She suffered from bilateral neck pain, which radiated to both lower jaws. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate was 125 mm/hour. Subacute thyroiditis superimposed on Hashimoto's thyroiditis was diagnosed and treated with steroid. However the response was poor and she had a history of severe peptic ulcer. To avoid inducing the peptic ulcer by steroid, she received bilateral subtotal thyroidectomy. During surgery, the thyroid had severe adhesion to surrounding soft tissue and the pathology showed Riedel's thyroiditis. The neck pain improved after thyroidectomy. Tamoxifen has been given for 8 months and the size of remnant thyroid decreased to 8 mm. We concluded that combined thyroidectomy and tamoxifen successfully cured a patient with Riedel's thyroiditis.

  19. Childhood absence epilepsy successfully treated with the paleolithic ketogenic diet.

    PubMed

    Clemens, Zsófia; Kelemen, Anna; Fogarasi, András; Tóth, Csaba

    2013-12-01

    Childhood absence epilepsy is an epilepsy syndrome responding relatively well to the ketogenic diet with one-third of patients becoming seizure-free. Less restrictive variants of the classical ketogenic diet, however, have been shown to confer similar benefits. Beneficial effects of high fat, low-carbohydrate diets are often explained in evolutionary terms. However, the paleolithic diet itself which advocates a return to the human evolutionary diet has not yet been studied in epilepsy. Here, we present a case of a 7-year-old child with absence epilepsy successfully treated with the paleolithic ketogenic diet alone. In addition to seizure freedom achieved within 6 weeks, developmental and behavioral improvements were noted. The child remained seizure-free when subsequently shifted toward a paleolithic diet. It is concluded that the paleolithic ketogenic diet was effective, safe and feasible in the treatment of this case of childhood absence epilepsy.

  20. Refractory case of adrenergic urticaria successfully treated with clotiazepam.

    PubMed

    Kawakami, Yukari; Gokita, Mari; Fukunaga, Atsushi; Nishigori, Chikako

    2015-06-01

    Adrenergic urticaria (AU) is a rare type of stress-induced physical urticaria characterized by widespread pruritic urticarial papules. Diagnosis can be made by i.d. injection of adrenaline or noradrenaline, which produces the characteristic rash. Although the lesions of AU typically respond to beta-blockers such as propranolol, the therapeutic options for AU are limited. Here, we report a case of AU that was resistant to beta-blockers and successfully treated with clotiazepam. The clinical picture of AU resembles that of cholinergic urticaria (CU), however, positive noradrenaline test and negative acetylcholine skin test were useful for the differential diagnosis of AU and CU. Although his symptoms were resistant to several therapeutic methods including olopatadine (H1 antagonist), lafutidine (H2 antagonist) and propranolol, the severity and frequency of his attacks and his subjective symptoms were reduced by oral clotiazepam, an anxiolytic benzodiazepine. Dermatologists should be aware that anxiolytic benzodiazepines may be a therapeutic option in AU.

  1. Recurrent Gallstone Ileus Successfully Treated with Conservative Therapy.

    PubMed

    Takata, Hideyuki; Yoshida, Hiroshi; Hirakata, Atsushi; Watanabe, Manabu; Uchida, Eiichi; Uchida, Eiji

    2015-01-01

    Gallstone ileus is a rare complication of cholecystolithiasis, with the majority of cases requiring surgical treatment. In this paper, we describe a case of gallstone ileus that was successfully treated twice with conservative therapy. An 85-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of abdominal pain and vomiting. She had previously been treated with antibiotics for cholecystitis arising from 2 gallbladder stones. Computed tomography (CT) revealed that the small bowel was dilated and that 1 of the gallbladder stones had disappeared. In addition, a 28×22-mm calcified mass was found in the small-bowel lumen. We diagnosed gallstone ileus and performed nasogastric drainage for decompression. Follow-up CT revealed migration of the impacted stone, and symptoms had improved. However, 2 months after discharge, the patient's symptoms recurred. A CT scan revealed that the small bowel was again dilated and that the remaining gallstone had disappeared from the gallbladder. A 28×25-mm calcified mass was found in the small-bowel lumen. We diagnosed recurrent gallstone ileus. Because the gallstone was almost the same size as the previous one, we selected the same conservative decompression treatment. Fourteen days after the patient was admitted, the stone was evacuated with the feces. Although many cases of gallstone ileus require surgical treatment, spontaneous passage was achieved in this case. When treatment is chosen for gallstone ileus, the patient's presentation and clinical course must be considered.

  2. Lymphocytic hypophysitis successfully treated with azathioprine: first case report.

    PubMed

    Lecube, A; Francisco, G; Rodríguez, D; Ortega, A; Codina, A; Hernández, C; Simó, R

    2003-11-01

    An aggressive case of lymphocytic hypophysitis is described which was successfully treated with azathioprine after failure of corticosteroids. The patient, aged 53, had frontal headache, diplopia, and diabetes insipidus. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed an intrasellar and suprasellar contrast enhancing mass with involvement of the left cavernous sinus and an enlarged pituitary stalk. A putative diagnosis of lymphocytic hypophysitis was made and prednisone was prescribed. Symptoms improved but recurred after the dose was reduced. Trans-sphenoidal surgery was attempted but the suprasellar portion of the mass could not be pulled through the pituitary fossa. Histological examination confirmed the diagnosis of lymphocytic hypophysitis. Two months later he developed aseptic meningoencephalitis which was treated with high dose methylprednisolone pulse therapy. MRI revealed a progression of suprasellar mass. At this stage azathioprine treatment was begun. Four weeks later MRI shown no evidence of residual lesion and no pituitary stalk enlargement. After follow up of 18 months without azathioprine there was no clinical or radiological evidence of the disease. This is the first evidence of the efficacy of azathioprine treatment in a patient with lymphocytic hypophysitis.

  3. Nail psoriasis successfully treated with intralesional methotrexate: case report.

    PubMed

    Sarıcaoglu, Hayriye; Oz, Arife; Turan, Hakan

    2011-02-01

    Psoriasis is a common, chronic disease which affects nearly 3% of the population. The lifetime incidence of nail involvement increases up to 80-90% for psoriatic patients. Nail psoriasis is considered a significant social problem. Many topical agents have been used for psoriatic nails with various side effects and some benefits; management is currently inconclusive. Methotrexate (MTX) is a folic acid analog, which irreversibly binds to dehydrofolate reductase and blocks deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis. It is considered a potential treatment option for rapidly growing cells and has an anti-inflammatory effect through inhibition of the polyamine pathway in autoimmune diseases. Intralesional MTX has been used successfully for various indications. We present a case successfully treated with low-dose intralesional MTX with no observed side effects in a 26-year-old female psoriatic patient suffering from nail dystrophy. In contrast, conventional topical and systemic therapies have various side effects, which limit their use. We conclude that intralesional MTX injection seems to be a safe and effective treatment option for nail psoriasis; however, large controlled studies are needed.

  4. Refractory Hailey-Hailey disease successfully treated with sandpaper dermabrasion.

    PubMed

    LeBlanc, Keith G; Wharton, Joshua B; Sheehan, Daniel J

    2011-01-01

    A 53-year-old woman presented with a 20-year history of pruritic dermatitis on the groin, axillae, inframammary folds, posterior aspect of the neck, and popliteal fossae. She was referred to our clinic by an outside facility after results from a punch biopsy diagnosed Hailey-Hailey disease (HHD). The patient had previously attempted treatment with many traditional noninvasive options with no success. Topical treatment modalities included corticosteroids, immunomodulators, antifungals, retinoids, and antibiotic preparations. Intralesional corticosteroids, as well as botulinum toxin and carbon dioxide laser, were also unsuccessful. Failed systemic treatment modalities included antibiotics, antihistamines, prednisone, azathioprine, mycophenolate mofetil, acitretin, isotretinoin, adalimumab, and etanercept. Of note, cyclosporine was successful in clearing the cutaneous involvement in our patient, but elevation ofcreatinine and exacerbated hypertension precluded continued use. The decision was made to treat the patient by dermabrasion with sandpaper. The patient was prepped in a sterile fashion, and a field block with 1% lidocaine with epinephrine was performed. This was followed by abrasion down to the superficial dermis with 3M Sandblaster fine sandpaper (3M, St. Paul, MN) and hyfrecation between rounds ofdermabrasion. The treated areas were then covered with petrolatum and sterile gauze, and antibiotics and pain medication were prescribed. This treatment was initially performed on the patient's posterior aspect of the neck and later to the bilateral popliteal fossae and axillae. Three months post-treatment, desirable functional and cosmetic results of the treated areas had been achieved (Figure 1 and Figure 2). While no recurrence of clinically active HHD has been seen in the dermabraded areas of the neck and popliteal fossae, the patient continues to have active disease in the axillae despite sandpaper dermabrasion. To quantify our results, we performed two biopsies

  5. Percutaneous catheter drainage of abdominal abscesses associated with perforated viscus.

    PubMed

    Flancbaum, L; Nosher, J L; Brolin, R E

    1990-01-01

    Improvements in radiologic localization have made percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) the initial procedure of choice for many intra-abdominal abscesses (IAA). During the past seven years 154 patients underwent PCD for treatment of abdominal abscesses. Fourteen of these patients had PCD as the initial treatment for IAA secondary to a perforated viscus and subsequently underwent an elective one-stage operation to treat the underlying disease. Etiologies of the abscesses included perforated appendicitis in six patients, sigmoid diverticulitis in three patients, Crohn's ileitis in two patients, and one case each of perforated gastric ulcer, perforated sigmoid carcinoma, and perforated gallbladder. Initial localization of the abscess was achieved by either CT or ultrasound. Seven abscesses were localized in the right lower quadrant, four were localized in the liver, and one was localized each in the left flank, right flank, subhepatic space, and pelvis. All patients subsequently underwent a definitive elective operation for their primary disease including six interval appendectomies, four sigmoid colectomies, two small-bowel resections, one subtotal gastrectomy and one cholecystectomy. There were no complications due to PCD and no deaths occurred. We conclude that PCD can be successfully performed as the initial treatment for IAA associated with a perforated viscus, obviating the first stage of the traditional two-stage surgical approach.

  6. Pyogenic liver abscess

    MedlinePlus

    Liver abscess; Bacterial liver abscess ... There are many possible causes of liver abscesses, including: Abdominal infection, such as appendicitis , diverticulitis , or a perforated bowel Infection in the blood Infection of the bile draining tubes ...

  7. Transanal gauze packing to manage massive presacral bleeding secondary to prescral abscess caused by rectal anastomotic leakage: a novel approach

    PubMed Central

    Yoo, Byung-Eun; Lee, Dong-Won; Lee, Seung-Won; Kwak, Jung-Myun; Kim, Jin

    2015-01-01

    Anastomotic leakage following rectal resection is a serious and fearful complication, and may cause presacral abscess and/or peritonitis. To our knowledge, massive hematochezia secondary to presacral abscess caused by anastomotic leakage has not yet been reported in the literature. We observed this rare and life-threatening complication in three patients who were successfully treated with a simple but effective transanal gauze packing technique. PMID:25844360

  8. Congenital Ichthyosis: A Case Treated Successfully With Acitretin

    PubMed Central

    Gulasi, Selvi

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Lamellar ichthyosis (collodion baby) is a cornification disorder classified under the category of autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis and characterized by hyperkeratosis. Early-stage retinoid treatment has been shown to improve survival in these patients. In this article, a lamellar ichthyosis case is presented of an infant who had the symptoms at birth and was treated successfully with acitretin. Case Presentation A term newborn infant presented after delivery. Physical examination showed that the skin on her outer mouth, neck, axillae, and inguinal fold areas had collodion membranes and peelings. On the third day of life, the skin all over her body became dry and seemed similar to parchment paper, with peeling in some areas, as well as ectropion and eclabium development. After her daily bath, liquid Vaseline was applied all over her body, but it did not provide enough benefits. The infant was started on acitretin treatment. On the 14th day of treatment, the skin appeared nearly normal. On the 28th day of life, the infant was discharged. Conclusions Early oral retinoid treatment facilitates increased quality of life improves survival rates for ichthyosis patients. PMID:28203322

  9. Elevated compartment pressures from copperhead envenomation successfully treated with antivenin.

    PubMed

    Mazer-Amirshahi, Maryann; Boutsikaris, Amy; Clancy, Cathleen

    2014-01-01

    Copperhead envenomation causes local soft tissue effects; however, associated compartment syndrome is rare. We report a case of a 17-month-old with significantly elevated compartment pressures successfully treated with antivenin and supportive care. A 17-month-old girl sustained a copperhead bite to the foot and presented with circumferential edema, erythema, and ecchymosis of the foot and distal ankle. The patient had palpable pulses and was neurologically intact. Four vials of Crotalidae polyvalent immune Fab was initiated and additional doses were administered in an attempt to achieve local control. Within 10 h of presentation, the patient's edema extended to the groin, although sensation was maintained and pulses were documented by Doppler. Lower-extremity compartment pressures were measured and were most notable for an anterior pressure of 85 mm Hg, despite having received 12 vials of antivenin. Fasciotomy was deferred and the patient received two additional six-vial doses of antivenin to achieve local control. Compartment pressures improved with a 2.2-cm mean decrease in limb diameter within 48 h. Maintenance dosing was initiated and the patient ultimately received a total of 26 vials of antivenin. The patient did not develop significant coagulopathy or thrombocytopenia. Swelling continued to improve with return of limb function. In this case, early and aggressive treatment with antivenin may have avoided invasive fasciotomy, and its use should be considered in patients with copperhead envenomation and significantly elevated compartment pressures. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Amebic liver abscess

    MedlinePlus

    Hepatic amebiasis; Extraintestinal amebiasis; Abscess - amebic liver ... Amebic liver abscess is caused by Entamoeba histolytica. This parasite causes amebiasis , an intestinal infection that is also called ...

  11. Pituitary abscess after autologous bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Leff, R S; Martino, R L; Pollock, W J; Knight, W A

    1989-05-01

    The first case of pituitary abscess arising in a patient during recovery from autologous bone marrow transplantation is reported. A 31-year-old man with a 9 month history of T-cell lymphoma died suddenly more than 60 days after successful treatment with high-dose cyclophosphamide, total body irradiation, and autologous bone marrow infusion. Autopsy revealed a pituitary abscess associated with clinically silent sphenoid sinusitis. Unique aspects of this case are presented and clinical and pathologic features of pituitary abscess are reviewed. Although rare, pituitary abscess may complicate recovery from bone marrow transplantation.

  12. Pyogenic liver abscess after gunshot injury: 10 years' experience at a single level 1 trauma center.

    PubMed

    Dandin, O; Valle, E J; Pimentha, G; Schulman, C I; Teomete, U; Proctor, K G; Namias, N

    2016-11-01

    Liver abscesses are approximately 50 % of all visceral abscesses, and trauma presents as a rare cause of the liver abscess. Otherwise, hepatic abscess is an uncommon complication of gunshot wound (GSW) to the liver among all trauma cases. Here we reviewed their experience in detail. From January 1, 2004 to September 30, 2013, there were 2143 patients admitted to Ryder Trauma Center at Jackson Memorial Hospital/University of Miami with severe abdominal trauma: 1227 penetrating and 866 blunt. Among the patients who had penetrating trauma, 637 had GSWs and 551 had stab wounds. Thirty-nine patients had other kinds of penetrating traumas. Eleven patients were identified as having liver abscess, with 8 of them belonging to the GSW group, and 3 to the blunt injury group. The diagnosis and management of the 8 patients with a hepatic abscess after GSW to the liver were demonstrated. There were seven males and one female with a mean age of 29 ± 10 years. There were one grade 2, four grade 3, two grade 4 and one grade 5 injuries. The mean abscess size was 10 ± 2 cm. The abscesses were usually caused by infection from mixed organisms. These abscesses were treated with antibiotics and drainage. No mortality and long-term morbidity were seen. Hepatic abscess after GSW to the liver is a rare condition, with an incidence of 1.2 %. It is usually seen in severe liver injury (grade 3 and above), but our patients were all treated successfully, with no mortality.

  13. First Described Case of Group B Streptococcus Pelvic Abscess in a Patient with No Medical Comorbidities

    PubMed Central

    Dwarki, Karthik

    2016-01-01

    Background. Group B Streptococcus is an organism that commonly infects a wide range of hosts including infants in the first week of life, pregnant women, and older age adults as well as adults with underlying medical comorbidities. Case. Large pelvic abscess in a nonpregnant patient found to be caused by Group B Streptococcus was treated successfully with IR guided drainage and antibiotics. Conclusion. Though rare, GBS can still be a cause of invasive infection even in individuals who are nonpregnant and have no underlying comorbidities. Empiric antibiotic coverage for this organism should be kept in mind when treating an abscess. PMID:27529043

  14. CT of pituitary abscess

    SciTech Connect

    Fong, T.C.; Johns, R.D.; Long, M.; Myles, S.T.

    1985-06-01

    Pituitary abscess is a rare condition, with only 50 cases reported in the literature. Of those, 29 cases were well documented for analysis. Preoperative diagnosis of pituitary abscess is difficult. The computed tomographic (CT) appearance of pituitary abscess was first described in 1983; the abscess was depicted by axial images with coronal reconstruction. The authors recently encountered a case of pituitary abscess documented by direct coronal CT of the sella turcica.

  15. Brevibacterium casei as a cause of brain abscess in an immunocompetent patient.

    PubMed

    Kumar, V Anil; Augustine, Deepthi; Panikar, Dilip; Nandakumar, Aswathy; Dinesh, Kavitha R; Karim, Shamsul; Philip, Rosamma

    2011-12-01

    Coryneform bacteria belonging to the genus Brevibacterium have emerged as opportunistic pathogens. Of the nine known species of Brevibacterium isolated from human clinical samples, Brevibacterium casei is the most frequently reported species from clinical specimens. We report the first case of B. casei brain abscess in an immunocompetent patient successfully treated by surgery and antimicrobial therapy.

  16. Brevibacterium casei as a Cause of Brain Abscess in an Immunocompetent Patient ▿

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, V. Anil; Augustine, Deepthi; Panikar, Dilip; Nandakumar, Aswathy; Dinesh, Kavitha R.; Karim, Shamsul; Philip, Rosamma

    2011-01-01

    Coryneform bacteria belonging to the genus Brevibacterium have emerged as opportunistic pathogens. Of the nine known species of Brevibacterium isolated from human clinical samples, Brevibacterium casei is the most frequently reported species from clinical specimens. We report the first case of B. casei brain abscess in an immunocompetent patient successfully treated by surgery and antimicrobial therapy. PMID:22012007

  17. Case report: a brain abscess in a disaster zone- beyond the call of duty.

    PubMed

    Weiser, Giora; Mendlovic, Joseph; Dagan, David; Albukrek, Dov; Shpriz, Manor; Merin, Ofer

    2015-01-01

    We present a case of a child with a suspected brain abscess treated by a military field hospital in post-typhoon Philippines. We review our intervention and decision process both at the field hospital and following his transfer to a referral center. These interventions were critical for his successful outcome.

  18. Pyogenic brain abscess, a 15 year survey.

    PubMed

    Helweg-Larsen, Jannik; Astradsson, Arnar; Richhall, Humeira; Erdal, Jesper; Laursen, Alex; Brennum, Jannick

    2012-11-30

    Brain abscess is a potentially fatal disease. This study assesses clinical aspects of brain abscess in a large hospital cohort. Retrospective review of adult patients with pyogenic brain abscess at Rigshospitalet University Hospital, Denmark between 1994 and 2009. Prognostic factors associated with Glasgow Outcome Score (GOS) (death, severe disability or vegetative state) were assessed by logistic regression. 102 patients were included. On admission, only 20% of patients had a triad of fever, headache and nausea, 39% had no fever, 26% had normal CRP and 49% had no leucocytosis. Median delay from symptom onset to antibiotic treatment was 7 days (range 0-97 days). Source of infection was contiguous in 36%, haematogenous in 28%, surgical or traumatic in 9% and unknown in 27% of cases. Abscess location did not accurately predict the portal of entry. 67% were treated by burr hole aspiration, 20% by craniotomy and 13% by antibiotics alone. Median duration of antibiotic treatment was 62 days. No cases of recurrent abscess were observed. At discharge 23% had GOS ≤3. The 1-, 3- and 12-month mortality was 11%, 17% and 19%. Adverse outcome was associated with a low GCS at admission, presence of comorbidities and intraventricular rupture of abscess. The clinical signs of brain abscess are unspecific, many patients presented without clear signs of infection and diagnosis and treatment were often delayed. Decreased GCS, presence of comorbidities and intraventricular rupture of brain abscess were associated with poor outcome. Brain abscess remains associated with considerable morbidity and mortality.

  19. Pyogenic brain abscess, a 15 year survey

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Brain abscess is a potentially fatal disease. This study assesses clinical aspects of brain abscess in a large hospital cohort. Methods Retrospective review of adult patients with pyogenic brain abscess at Rigshospitalet University Hospital, Denmark between 1994 and 2009. Prognostic factors associated with Glasgow Outcome Score (GOS) (death, severe disability or vegetative state) were assessed by logistic regression. Results 102 patients were included. On admission, only 20% of patients had a triad of fever, headache and nausea, 39% had no fever, 26% had normal CRP and 49% had no leucocytosis. Median delay from symptom onset to antibiotic treatment was 7 days (range 0–97 days). Source of infection was contiguous in 36%, haematogenous in 28%, surgical or traumatic in 9% and unknown in 27% of cases. Abscess location did not accurately predict the portal of entry. 67% were treated by burr hole aspiration, 20% by craniotomy and 13% by antibiotics alone. Median duration of antibiotic treatment was 62 days. No cases of recurrent abscess were observed. At discharge 23% had GOS ≤3. The 1-, 3- and 12-month mortality was 11%, 17% and 19%. Adverse outcome was associated with a low GCS at admission, presence of comorbidities and intraventricular rupture of abscess. Conclusions The clinical signs of brain abscess are unspecific, many patients presented without clear signs of infection and diagnosis and treatment were often delayed. Decreased GCS, presence of comorbidities and intraventricular rupture of brain abscess were associated with poor outcome. Brain abscess remains associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. PMID:23193986

  20. Evolution in management of otogenic brain abscess.

    PubMed

    Szyfter, Witold; Kruk-Zagajewska, Aleksandra; Borucki, Lukasz; Bartochowska, Anna

    2012-04-01

    To present the therapeutic results related with treating 103 patients with cerebral abscesses of otogenic origin during 3 various time frames (1953-1977, 1978-1989, and 1990-2011). A total of 103 patients with cerebral abscess of otogenic origin. Diagnostics and treatment. Analysis of mortality rates, abscess location and its basis, coexisting complications, neurological condition at admittance, bacteriological tests, and presentation of the results of abscess treatment with the use of neuronavigation. Mortality rates dropped systematically from the initial value of 35% observed between 1953 and 1977, to 14% between 1978 and 1989, and finally reached 3% between 1990 and 2011. Abscesses were mainly located within the temporal lobe. They predominantly resulted from chronic inflammation of the middle ear. A wide panel of complications was associated with them. Strong concurrence between results of cultures taken from the ear and the abscess was noted. Cerebral abscesses remain one of the most severe complications related with inflammation of the middle ear. Both the operative methods and the postoperative care evolved (introduction of surgical microscope, new generation of antibiotics), the preoperative diagnostics facilitating the diagnosis and localization of the abscess progressed; nonetheless, the principles underlying the operative treatment remained unchanged. Neuronavigation constitutes a very important and supportive element in the management of otogenic brain abscesses.

  1. Elephantiasis nostras verrucosa successfully treated by surgical debridement.

    PubMed

    Iwao, Fumiya; Sato-Matsumura, Kazuko C; Sawamura, Daisuke; Shimizu, Hiroshi

    2004-06-01

    Elephantiasis nostras verrucosa represents a rare group of cutaneous changes comprising dermal fibrosis, hyperkeratotic, verrucous, and papillomatous lesions after chronic secondary, nonfilarial lymphedema. There is no standard treatment for this rare cutaneous manifestation. This article describes debridement that is helpful when performed in addition to physiotherapy. We present a patient who was treated by shaving the verrucous area with a blade of a freehand knife and by subsequent abrading of the mossy area using a motor-powered grinder. Reepithelization was completed in 2 weeks. A compression stocking was used to treat the lymphedema. Ten months after the operation, we saw no signs of disease recurrence. The result was also aesthetically satisfactory. Surgery in such case may not always be the best treatment because it does not treat the cause of disease but only treats the cutaneous symptoms. Nevertheless, debridement is a rapid and an aesthetically acceptable form of treatment.

  2. Rheumatoid granulomatous disease and pachymeningitis successfully treated with rituximab.

    PubMed

    Moeyersoons, Anneleen; Verschueren, Patrick; Tousseyn, Thomas; De Langhe, Ellen

    2017-09-13

    Granulomatous disease and pachymeningitis rarely occur in rheumatoid arthritis patients and confer a challenging differential diagnosis. Our patient, treated with a tumor necrosis factor alpha inhibitor, presented with meningitis and diffuse granulomatous adenopathies. Opportunistic infections and malignancy were excluded after confirmation of negative broath serologic, molecular analysis, and negative cytology. Because of the time frame and the clinical presentation, this case was considered as a rare systemic manifestation of RA. He was treated with rituximab with beneficial clinical evolution. This case offers an excellent opportunity to focus on the diagnostic and therapeutic approach in pachymeningitis and granulomatous disease in rheumatoid arthritis patients.

  3. Hepatic mucormycosis with abscess formation.

    PubMed

    Su, Henry; Thompson, George R; Cohen, Stuart H

    2012-06-01

    We describe a case of hepatic mucormycosis with abscess, an uncommon presentation of mucormycetes infection. Our patient was initially treated with transcutaneous pigtail catheter placement, liposomal amphotericin B, and micafungin without improvement. The patient subsequently improved after hepatic segmentectomy and hemidiaphragm resection. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Heterologous mesenchymal stem cells successfully treat femoral pseudarthrosis in rats

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background This study evaluated the effectiveness of treating pseudarthrosis in rats by using bone marrow cell suspensions or cultures of bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells Methods Thirty-eight specific pathogen-free (SPF) animals were randomly assigned to four groups: Group 1, Control, without surgical intervention; Group 2 (Placebo), experimental model of femoral pseudarthrosis treated only with saline solution; Group 3, experimental model of femoral pseudarthrosis treated with heterologous bone marrow cells suspension; Group 4, experimental model of femoral pseudarthrosis treated with cultures of heterologous mesenchymal stromal cells from bone marrow. When pseudarthrosis was confirmed by simple radiological studies, digital radiography and histopathology after a 120-day postoperative period, Groups 2, 3 and 4 were treated as above. At 30, 60 and 90 days after the treatment, all animals were evaluated by simple radiological studies, and at the end of the experiment, the animals were assessed by computed axial tomography and anatomopathological and histomorphometric examinations. Results Injected cells were detected in the areas affected by pseudarthrosis using scintigraphy within the first 24 hours after their administration. After 60 days, the animals of Group 3 showed callus formation while the animals of Group 4 presented periosteal reaction and had some consolidated areas. In contrast, Group 2 showed a predominance of fibro-osteoid tissue. After 90 days, bone consolidation and remodeling was observed in all animals from Group 3 whereas animals from Group 4 exhibited partial consolidation and those ones from Group 2 persisted with pseudarthrosis. Conclusion The treatment with heterologous bone marrow cells suspension proved to be effective in the treatment of pseudarthrosis whereas cultures of heterologous bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells did not show the same potential to aid bone healing. PMID:22429995

  5. Brain abscess from a peritonsillar abscess in an immunocompetent child: a case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Sankararaman, Senthilkumar; Riel-Romero, Rosario Maria S; Gonzalez-Toledo, Eduardo

    2012-12-01

    A brain abscess is uncommon but potentially lethal. Common predisposing risk factors include congenital cyanotic heart disease, immunocompromised status, and the presence of septic foci. We describe a left frontal brain abscess accompanied by fever, headache, and weight loss for a 3-month period. The presumptive source of the brain abscess involved a left peritonsillar abscess. To the best of our knowledge, one similar case was reported in the literature in 1929. The specific signs of peritonsillar abscess in our patient included trismus, decreased phonation, and a muffled voice. The peritonsillar abscess was not clinically diagnosed, but incidentally detected on lower axial sections of cranial magnetic resonance imaging. Fever and trismus improved after surgical drainage of the peritonsillar abscess. The cerebral abscess was conservatively treated with intravenous antibiotics. The patient developed hydrocephalus as a sequela to the involvement of the basal meninges. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Spinal epidural abscess in brucellosis.

    PubMed

    Boyaci, Ahmet; Boyaci, Nurefsan; Tutoglu, Ahmet; Dokumaci, Dilek Sen

    2013-09-26

    Involvement of the skeletal system is a common complication of brucellosis. However, muscle involvement or paraspinal abscess formation are rare complications. Paraspinal abscess usually develops secondary to spondylitis. A case is reported here of a 33-year-old woman with symptoms of night sweats, fever and low back pain. Rose-Bengal test for brucellosis was positive and Brucella standard tube agglutination test was positive at a titre of 1/160. The diagnosis was made on MRI. The patient was treated with doxycycline and rifampin daily for 16 weeks. On day 14 of treatment, decline was observed in the patient's symptoms. In the presence of inflammatory lower back pain and fever, brucellosis should be considered particularly in the endemic areas. Furthermore, tuberculosis should be remembered in the differential diagnosis when a spinal epidural abscess is determined.

  7. Nonoperative Management of a Multi-Regional Epidural Abscess with Neurological Dysfunction

    PubMed Central

    Hernandez, Miguel; Berg, Andrew; Bhatia, Chandra

    2015-01-01

    Spinal epidural abscesses are uncommon, but their incidence is increasing. They represent a collection of purulent material in the epidural space and most commonly occur in the lumbar spine, where they remain localised. Abscesses that affect all three spinal levels (holospinal or multiregional abscesses) are extremely rare, with only a few cases published in the literature. Epidural abscesses are particularly high risk infections as progressive neurological dysfunction can occur rapidly; early diagnosis and treatment is therefore essential to avoid long term neurological complications and reduce potential mortality. Given the uncommon nature of this condition, the treatment remains controversial with no definitive guidance on conservative versus surgical management. The literature mostly recommends surgical decompression along with intravenous antibiotics in patients with neurological abnormalities. We describe a case of a 77-year-old patient presenting with a delayed diagnosis of a multi-regional epidural abscess with associated upper motor neurone signs. The patient was successfully treated nonoperatively with a course of antibiotics resulting in complete radiological resolution of the abscess and full neurological recovery. PMID:26512341

  8. A resistant case of pemphigus gestationis successfully treated with cyclosporine

    PubMed Central

    Özdemir, Özhan; Atalay, Cemal Resat; Asgarova, Vusala; Ilgin, Bunyamin Ugur

    2016-01-01

    Pemphigoid gestationis (PG) is a rare autoimmune blistering disease of pregnancy caused by antibasement membrane zone auto-antibodies. The usual clinical findings are multiple pruritic urticarial papules and plaques, target lesions, vesicles, and blisters that occur during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy or in the immediate postpartum period. The disease is often treated with topical corticosteroids and oral antihistaminics. In more severe cases, systemic corticosteroids are needed. Herein, we report a case of resistant PG that responded to treatment with cyclosporine. PMID:28250977

  9. [Unexplained physical symptoms successfully treated by symptom-based psychotherapy].

    PubMed

    Reinders, Michel J; Veth, C P M Niels

    2009-01-01

    A 43-year-old woman suffered severe weight loss due to unexplained vomiting. No physical cause was detected. She was treated with hypnotherapy, cognitive therapy and a gradual increase in food with the help of a dietician. The vomiting stopped and the patient was able to eat again. For patients with unexplained physical symptoms, it is often difficult to understand that a psychological component is involved. This psychological component should not be emphasized. It is more important to tell the patient that there is no explanation for their problem, but that there is a possible treatment: psychotherapy.

  10. Acquired 5-oxoproline acidemia successfully treated with N-acetylcysteine

    PubMed Central

    Fenves, Andrew Z.

    2017-01-01

    Acquired 5-oxoprolinemia is increasingly recognized as a cause of anion gap metabolic acidosis. It predominantly occurs in chronically ill, malnourished women with impaired renal function and chronic acetaminophen ingestion. Depletion of glutathione and cysteine stores leads to elevated 5-oxoproline levels. N-acetylcysteine, given its effect in repleting glutathione and cysteine stores, has been proposed as a potential treatment for 5-oxoprolinemia, though reports of its successful use are lacking. We present a case of 5-oxoproline metabolic acidosis that persisted despite discontinuation of acetaminophen. However, the acidosis rapidly resolved with N-acetylcysteine administration. PMID:28405069

  11. A case of skeletal tuberculosis and psoas abscess: disease activity evaluated using 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Psoas abscess complicating tuberculous spondylitis is a rare morbidity in extrapulmonary tuberculosis. There are no established guidelines for evaluating the clinical response of psoas abscess. Although several studies have shown that positron emission tomography-computed tomography with 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose can play a potential role in diagnosing multifocal tuberculosis and monitoring the clinical response of pulmonary tuberculosis, to our knowledge, this is the first report demonstrating that positron emission tomography-computed tomography is useful for evaluating local inflammation and disease activity of a tuberculous psoas abscess. Case presentation We report a case of multifocal bone and lymph node tuberculosis with concomitant lumbar psoas abscess in a 77-year-old man, along with a literature review. An initial positron emission tomography-computed tomography scan showed intense 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose accumulation in the sternum, ribs, vertebrae, and lymph nodes. The patient was successfully treated with antitubercular agents and computed tomography-guided drainage therapy. A follow-up positron emission tomography-computed tomography after abscess drainage and 9 months of antitubercular drug treatment revealed that the majority of lesions improved; however, protracted inflammation surrounding the psoas abscess was still observed. These results indicate that disease activity of psoas abscess can remain, even after successful drainage and antitubercular medication regime of appropriate duration. Conclusion We have successfully followed up the extent of skeletal tuberculosis complicated with psoas abscess by positron emission tomography-computed tomography. In this patient, positron emission tomography-computed tomography is useful for evaluating the disease activity of tuberculous psoas abscess and for assessing the appropriate duration of antitubercular drug therapy in psoas abscess. PMID:24225333

  12. Video-assisted hepatic abscess debridement

    PubMed Central

    Klink, Christian D; Binnebösel, Marcel; Schmeding, Maximilian; van Dam, Ronald M; Dejong, Cornelis H; Junge, Karsten; Neumann, Ulf P

    2015-01-01

    Background Pyogenic liver abscesses are currently treated by either percutaneous computer tomography (CT)-guided drainage or by laparoscopic and a conventional liver resection when conservative treatment fails but may be associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Methods A minimally invasive technique involving debridement of right liver abscesses was employed using a minimally invasive video-assisted hepatic abscess debridement (VAHD) after unsuccessful percutaneous CT-guided drainage. Clinical data, complication rates and outcomes of patients were recorded retrospectively. Results Between 2011 and 2014, VAHD was performed on 10 patients at two centres with no observed recurrence of a liver abscess. The median age of the patients was 57 years (range 42–78) with a median pre-operative size of a liver abscess of 78 mm (range 40–115). The median operation time was 47 min (range 23–75), and the median postoperative hospital stay was 9 days (range 7–69). One patient developed a subcutaneous abscess that required further surgery. No patient died, and there were no major complications related to the VAHD. Conclusions Video-assisted hepatic abscess debridement is a feasible technique that shows promising results for the treatment of a recurrent right liver abscess. PMID:26096195

  13. Video-assisted hepatic abscess debridement.

    PubMed

    Klink, Christian D; Binnebösel, Marcel; Schmeding, Maximilian; van Dam, Ronald M; Dejong, Cornelis H; Junge, Karsten; Neumann, Ulf P

    2015-08-01

    Pyogenic liver abscesses are currently treated by either percutaneous computer tomography (CT)-guided drainage or by laparoscopic and a conventional liver resection when conservative treatment fails but may be associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. A minimally invasive technique involving debridement of right liver abscesses was employed using a minimally invasive video-assisted hepatic abscess debridement (VAHD) after unsuccessful percutaneous CT-guided drainage. Clinical data, complication rates and outcomes of patients were recorded retrospectively. Between 2011 and 2014, VAHD was performed on 10 patients at two centres with no observed recurrence of a liver abscess. The median age of the patients was 57 years (range 42-78) with a median pre-operative size of a liver abscess of 78 mm (range 40-115). The median operation time was 47 min (range 23-75), and the median postoperative hospital stay was 9 days (range 7-69). One patient developed a subcutaneous abscess that required further surgery. No patient died, and there were no major complications related to the VAHD. Video-assisted hepatic abscess debridement is a feasible technique that shows promising results for the treatment of a recurrent right liver abscess. © 2015 International Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association.

  14. Sarcoptic mange in three alpacas treated successfully with amitraz.

    PubMed

    Lau, Peri; Hill, Peter B; Rybnícek, Jan; Steel, Lynne

    2007-08-01

    Sarcoptic mange is a serious skin disease in alpacas that can result in high morbidity and even mortality. Three alpacas were presented with sarcoptic mange that had previously failed to respond to repeated topical applications of eprinomectin, and an injection of doramectin. They were moderately to severely pruritic, had extensive lesions of alopecia, erythema, scaling and crusting, and had lost weight. As no drug is currently licensed for the treatment of sarcoptic mange in alpacas in the UK, they were treated with a topical solution of amitraz (50 mL in 10 L) after initial bathing with antibacterial or keratolytic shampoos. The clinical signs completely resolved with no relapse over a 10-month follow-up period. In this small group of alpacas, amitraz was an effective and well-tolerated treatment for sarcoptic mange.

  15. Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome-associated Encephalopathy Successfully Treated with Corticosteroids.

    PubMed

    Hosaka, Takashi; Nakamagoe, Kiyotaka; Tamaoka, Akira

    2017-09-25

    The encephalopathy that occurs in association with hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), which is caused by enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (E. coli), has a high mortality rate and patients sometimes present sequelae. We herein describe the case of a 20-year-old woman who developed encephalopathy during the convalescent stage of HUS caused by E.coli O26. Hyperintense lesions were detected in the pons, basal ganglia, and cortex on diffusion-weighted brain MRI. From the onset of HUS encephalopathy, we treated the patient with methylprednisolone (mPSL) pulse therapy alone. Her condition improved, and she did not present sequelae. Our study shows that corticosteroids appear to be effective for the treatment of some patients with HUS encephalopathy.

  16. Duodenal varices successfully treated with cyanoacrylate injection therapy

    PubMed Central

    Malik, Ahsan; Junglee, Naushad; Khan, Anwar; Sutton, Jonathon; Gasem, Jaber; Ahmed, Waqar

    2011-01-01

    Duodenal varices are a rare complication of portal hypertension secondary to liver cirrhosis. Compared to oesophageal varices, they bleed less often but are also more difficult to diagnose and treat. There is no established treatment for bleeding duodenal varices and different treatment strategies have been employed with variable results. The authors present a case of 52-year-old male who was admitted with melaena. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed which identified bleeding varices in the second part of duodenum. The varices were injected with cyanoacrylate and the outcome was favourable. Subsequent endoscopies showed complete resolution of the varices. The authors conclude that cyanoacrylate injection is an effective first-line treatment for bleeding duodenal varices. PMID:22694885

  17. Intractable chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy treated successfully with ciclosporin

    PubMed Central

    Odaka, M; Tatsumoto, M; Susuki, K; Hirata, K; Yuki, N

    2005-01-01

    Background: Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) is a heterogeneous disorder and both clinical course and response to treatment vary widely. Because of the propensity for relapse, CIDP requires maintenance therapy after the initial response to treatment. There is no consensus regarding this in the published literature. Present report: A patient with CIDP was treated with oral prednisolone and cyclophosphamide pulse therapy but required repeated plasma exchange and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg). Treatment with ciclosporin freed the patient from repeated IVIg administration. Therapeutic responses in 14 subsequent cases including three patients who showed improvement with ciclosporin are also presented along with an algorithm of the authors' suggested protocol for treatment. Conclusion: Ciclosporin should be considered for patients with intractable CIDP who require repeated IVIg. PMID:16024890

  18. Abscess - abdomen or pelvis

    MedlinePlus

    ... infected fluid and pus located inside the belly (abdominal cavity). This type of abscess can be located near ... abdominal abscesses: Abdominal x-ray Ultrasound of the abdomen and pelvis CT scan of the abdomen and ...

  19. Peritonsillar Abscess (For Teens)

    MedlinePlus

    ... mouth clean. But sometimes a peritonsillar abscess is beyond your control. If you think you have an abscess, call your doctor right away. ... ON THIS TOPIC Tonsils and Tonsillectomies Tonsillitis ...

  20. Symptomatic subserosal gastric lipoma successfully treated with enucleation.

    PubMed

    Krasniqi, Avdyl-Selmon; Hoxha, Faton-Tatil; Bicaj, Besnik-Xhafer; Hashani, Shemsedin-Isuf; Hasimja, Shpresa-Mehmet; Kelmendi, Sadik-Mal; Gashi-Luci, Lumturije-Hasan

    2008-10-14

    Gastric lipomas are rare tumors, accounting for 2%-3% of all benign gastric tumors. They are of submucosal or extremely rare subserosal origin. Although most gastric lipomas are usually detected incidentally, they can cause abdominal pain, dyspeptic disorders, obstruction, invagination, and hemorrhages. Subserosal gastric lipomas are rarely symptomatic. There is no report on treatment of subserosal gastric lipomas in the English literature. We present a case of a 50-year-old male with symptomatic subserosal gastric lipoma which was successfully managed with removal, enucleation of lipoma, explorative gastrotomy and edge resection for histology check of gastric wall. The incidence of gastric lipoma, advanced diagnostic possibilities and their role in treatment modalities are discussed.

  1. Wolman disease successfully treated by bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Krivit, W; Peters, C; Dusenbery, K; Ben-Yoseph, Y; Ramsay, N K; Wagner, J E; Anderson, R

    2000-09-01

    Wolman disease is characterized by severe diarrhea and malnutrition leading to death during infancy. Lysosomal acid lipase deficiency is the cause of the symptoms and signs. It is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. All Wolman disease patients have adrenal gland calcification. Previous therapeutic attempts have failed to provide remission. We report successful long-term bone marrow engraftment in a patient with Wolman disease resulting in continued normalization of peripheral leukocyte lysosomal acid lipase enzyme activity. Diarrhea is no longer present. Now, at 4 years of age, this patient is gaining developmental milestones. Cholesterol and triglyceride levels are normal. Liver function is normal. This is the first long-term continued remission reported for Wolman disease.

  2. Adolescence spinal epidural abscess with neurological symptoms: case report, a lesson to be re-learnt.

    PubMed

    Sales, Jafar Ganjpour; Tabrizi, Ali; Elmi, Asghar; Soleimanpour, Jafar; Gavidel, Ehsan

    2013-02-01

    Epidural abscess of the spinal column is a rare condition that can be fatal if left untreated. It promptly progresses and can cause neurologic paralysis, urinary retention or cauda equina syndrome. Compromised immune system that occurs in patients with diabetes mellitus, AIDS, chronic renal failure, alcoholism, or cancer is a predisposing factor. It mostly occurs in adults. Here we would like to report a case of spontaneous pyogenic lumbar epidural abscess with neurological deficit diagnosed in a 15 year old boy. We treated this case successfully with surgical microscopic decompression and drainage.

  3. Muscular abscess caused by Cupriavidus gilardii in a renal transplant recipient.

    PubMed

    Tena, Daniel; Losa, Cristina; Medina, María José; Sáez-Nieto, Juan Antonio

    2014-05-01

    Cupriavidus gilardii is a rare cause of human infection. We report a muscular abscess on the right thigh caused by this organism in a renal transplant recipient, who had suffered a septic shock associated with an extensive cellulitis caused by Streptococcus pyogenes. The patient was successfully treated with surgical drainage and intravenous ciprofloxacin for 13 days. This is the first time that C. gilardii is isolated from a human abscess. C. gilardii should be considered as a cause of human infection, especially in immunocompromised patients. Infection caused by this organism may be underdiagnosed because the identification is very difficult.

  4. Successfully treated congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation by open fetal surgery

    PubMed Central

    Fan, Dazhi; Wu, Shuzhen; Wang, Rui; Huang, Yi; Fu, Yao; Ai, Wen; Zeng, Meng; Guo, Xiaoling; Liu, Zhengping

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Background: Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) is a rare hamartomatous cystic lesion. Open fetal surgery currently provides a potential therapeutic option for management of a fetus with CCAM diagnosis. Case Summary: A 22-year-old G2P0 woman presented at   weeks’ gestation for evaluation of a fetus with a left lung lesion and diagnosed as CCAM at   weeks’ gestation. Open fetal surgery was performed to resection the lesion at   weeks’ gestation under deep maternal general anesthesia. The mother presented at   weeks after open fetal surgery with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) and underwent cesarean delivery at   weeks’ gestation. A vigorous woman infant of 1955 g, with good Apgar score, was delivered. At 1 month, 4 years, and present, 5 years after birth, she has continued to do well without any obvious deficit and both respiration and circulation were well maintained. Conclusion: We present one case of CCAM which was cured by open fetal surgery and continued to do well at follow-up of 5 years. The success of treatment provided preliminary experience for further carrying out such interventions in China. PMID:28079822

  5. [Prostatic abscesses. A review].

    PubMed

    Rabii, R; Rais, H; Joual, A; el Mrini, M; Benjelloun, S

    1999-01-01

    We review the literature to the diagnosis and therapeutic aspect of prostatic abscess. The prostatic abscess having become an uncommon disease. The diagnosis of prostatic abscess has been nearly made by transrectal ultrasound and computed tomography scan. The best diagnostic method is considered to be the transrectal ultrasound. The choice therapy was intravenous antibiotic, and drainage by ultrasound guided transperineal percutaneous puncture.

  6. [A recurrent case of adult favus successfully treated with terbinafine].

    PubMed

    Erkan, Deniz; Kolukırık, İlkay; Acar, Alpaslan; Kandemir, Hazal; İlkit, Macit

    2015-10-01

    Favus or tinea capitis favosa, is a chronic inflammatory dermatophytosis of the scalp. The disease is particularly common in children aged 6 to 10 years, more often in boys, and it also occurs in adults. Human-to-human transmission is therefore possible. Anthropophilic Trichophyton schöenleinii is responsible for over 95% of favus cases. In addition, there are rare cases of anthropophilic T.violaceum, zoophilic (T.verrucosum, T.quinckeanum, and Microsporum canis) and geophilic M.gypseum species recorded as agents of favus. It is also reported in mice (T.quinckeanum), poultry (M.gallinae), and cats (M.incurvatum). Favus is common in Iran, Nigeria, and China, however it has been reported rarely in the last two decades in Turkey. Although Turkish records are not sufficient to indicate an accurate incidence rate, favus is still present in Turkey. In this report, a 20-year-old female with favus was presented. She had squames and areas of alopecia on the right frontoparietal area of her scalp. Scalp biopsy and hair follicle samples were taken for histopathological examination and fungal culture. According to the conventional identification by mycological methods and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequencing analysis, the pathogen was identified as T.schöenleinii. The patient was treated with oral terbinafine (250 mg/day) for 4 weeks and topical isoconazole and ketoconazole for 6 weeks. Clinical recovery was observed after 6 weeks, however, fungal culture could not be repeated. Six months after the initial presentation, the patient's symptoms recurred due to the poor adherence and T.schöenleinii was repeatedly grown in culture. Antifungal treatment was administered with the same drugs for the same period. There was a clinical and mycological recovery 8 months after initial presentation. Favus, which is not frequently observed in adults, is an uncommon disease. Confusion arises in its diagnosis because other diseases have similar clinical appearances, and

  7. [Successful treatment for disseminated intra-vascular coagulation due to sepsis and brain abscess with low molecular weight heparin in a patient with antiphospholipid syndrome].

    PubMed

    Hiroishi, K; Shigenobu, Y; Asai, M; Tsuzuki, Y; Hayashi, N; Tominaga, K; Matsui, K; Hada, T; Higashino, K

    1999-02-01

    The management of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) in a 22-year-old female patient with antiphospholipid syndrome is reported. Gabexate mesilate was given by continuous drip infusion at 1.5 g/day. No effect was seen, therefore Dalteparin sodium (DS) was administered by continuous drip infusion at 70 U/kg/day. The DIC score improved gradually during the first 4 days to normalization by 10 days. However, convulsive seizure was developed. Computed tomographic scan of brain demonstrated brain abscess at lt-basal ganglia. Continuous drainage was performed while administered continuous drip infusion of DS. Follow-up CT after operation showed reduction of low density area which means brain abscess. Finding in this case suggest that DS may play a role in the management of DIC accompanying intracranial infection.

  8. Prevalence of and risk factors for endogenous endophthalmitis in patients with pyogenic liver abscesses.

    PubMed

    Park, In Hyung; Jun, Chung Hwan; Wi, Jin Woo; Park, Seon Young; Lee, Wan Sik; Jung, Sook In; Park, Chang Hwan; Joo, Young Eun; Kim, Hyun Soo; Choi, Sung Kyu; Rew, Jong Sun

    2015-07-01

    Although pyogenic liver abscesses (PLAs) can be successfully treated, the visual prognosis of patients with endogenous endophthalmitis (EE) associated with a PLA is poor. Early diagnosis and prompt intervention may salvage useful vision. Therefore, we investigated risk factors for EE in patients with PLA, to facilitate early diagnosis. Data from 626 patients diagnosed with PLA between January 2004 and July 2013 were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were divided into two groups: those with liver abscess-associated endogenous endophthalmitis (LAEE) and non-LAEE. The prevalence of EE in PLA patients was 1.92%. The mean age for all patients (373 males, 59.6%) was 62.8 years. Upon multivariate logistic regression, a liver abscess or another systemic infection (odds ratio [OR], 5.52; p = 0.005), an abscess in the right superior segment (OR, 5.26; p = 0.035), and Klebsiella pneumoniae infection (OR, 3.68; p = 0.039), were risk factors for LAEE. The final visual outcomes of patients with LAEE included no light perception in seven, hand motion only in three, and decreased visual acuity in two. Vitrectomy and early intravitreal injections of antibiotics improved visual acuity and preserved useful vision. PLA patients with other systemic infections, abscesses in the right superior segment, and K. pneumoniae infection require close monitoring and early intervention to treat LAEE. Intravitreal antibiotic injections or early vitrectomy may salvage useful vision.

  9. Prevalence of and risk factors for endogenous endophthalmitis in patients with pyogenic liver abscesses

    PubMed Central

    Park, In Hyung; Jun, Chung Hwan; Wi, Jin Woo; Park, Seon Young; Lee, Wan Sik; Jung, Sook In; Park, Chang Hwan; Joo, Young Eun; Kim, Hyun Soo; Rew, Jong Sun

    2015-01-01

    Background/Aims Although pyogenic liver abscesses (PLAs) can be successfully treated, the visual prognosis of patients with endogenous endophthalmitis (EE) associated with a PLA is poor. Early diagnosis and prompt intervention may salvage useful vision. Therefore, we investigated risk factors for EE in patients with PLA, to facilitate early diagnosis. Methods Data from 626 patients diagnosed with PLA between January 2004 and July 2013 were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were divided into two groups: those with liver abscess-associated endogenous endophthalmitis (LAEE) and non-LAEE. Results The prevalence of EE in PLA patients was 1.92%. The mean age for all patients (373 males, 59.6%) was 62.8 years. Upon multivariate logistic regression, a liver abscess or another systemic infection (odds ratio [OR], 5.52; p = 0.005), an abscess in the right superior segment (OR, 5.26; p = 0.035), and Klebsiella pneumoniae infection (OR, 3.68; p = 0.039), were risk factors for LAEE. The final visual outcomes of patients with LAEE included no light perception in seven, hand motion only in three, and decreased visual acuity in two. Vitrectomy and early intravitreal injections of antibiotics improved visual acuity and preserved useful vision. Conclusions PLA patients with other systemic infections, abscesses in the right superior segment, and K. pneumoniae infection require close monitoring and early intervention to treat LAEE. Intravitreal antibiotic injections or early vitrectomy may salvage useful vision. PMID:26161011

  10. Is there still a benefit to operate appendiceal abscess on board French nuclear submarines?

    PubMed

    Hornez, Emmanuel; Gellie, Gabriel; Entine, Fabrice; Ottomani, Sébastien; Monchal, Tristan; Meusnier, François; Platel, Jean Philippe; de Carbonnieres, Hubert; Thouard, Hervé

    2009-08-01

    Appendicular abscess occurred in 14.2% of patients presenting acute appendicitis. Management of these patients remains controversial, ranging from an emergency appendectomy to a nonoperative treatment. On board French nuclear submarines, the usual treatment for all cases of appendiceal masses, including both appendicitis and appendiceal abscess, is an appendectomy. In the past 5 years, the introduction of ultrasonography (US) on board has enabled the diagnosis of appendiceal abscess with a high rate of accuracy, and the latest studies show that nonoperative treatment is an alternative approach. This nonsurgical treatment, based on intravenous administration of antibiotics, is successful in about 93% of the patients. Failure of nonsurgical treatment is a reliable indication of percutaneous drainage. The proportion of adult patients who need percutaneous drainage of abscesses is about 27%. A successful primary nonoperative treatment may or may not be followed by interval appendectomy at the conclusion of the patrol. Nonsurgical treatment is associated with a significantly lower morbidity than surgery. Considering that the on-board surgical facility is limited, nonsurgical treatment appears to be the best approach for treating a sailor with an appendiceal abscess during a submarine patrol mission.

  11. Infratemporal fossa abscess: a diagnostic dilemma.

    PubMed

    Kamath, M Panduranga; Bhojwani, Kiran M; Mahale, Ajit; Meyyappan, Hari; Abhijit, Kumar

    2009-05-01

    An abscess in the infratemporal fossa is a rare complication of dental extraction. Although it is a recognized entity, only a handful of cases have been reported in the literature. We describe a case of abscess in the infratemporal fossa of a 55-year-old woman with noninsulin-dependent (type 2) diabetes who presented with left-sided facial pain and marked trismus. The abscess was managed successfully with external drainage. We have made an attempt to comprehensively review the literature on this rare condition, with special emphasis on its anatomic complexity and varied clinical presentation, and we provide a detailed discussion of the diagnosis and management of this condition.

  12. Factors contributing to fatal outcome after treatment of pancreatic abscess.

    PubMed Central

    Malangoni, M A; Richardson, J D; Shallcross, J C; Seiler, J G; Polk, H C

    1986-01-01

    The authors analyzed 27 patients with pancreatic abscess treated since 1975 at hospitals affiliated with the University of Louisville School of Medicine. Treatment consisted of careful debridement, abscess drainage, and multiple antibiotics in all patients. Overall mortality was 33%; however, only three of 17 patients treated since 1980 have died. Patients who died were more likely to have bacteremia, a residual abscess, multiple organ system failure, and/or polymicrobial growth on culture of the abscess. The proper use of soft suction drains in a dependent position reduced the rate of residual abscess to 19% compared to 67% in patients not treated in this fashion. The results identify factors that are correlates of death in patients with pancreatic abscess and emphasize the importance of prompt diagnosis and proper treatment. PMID:2424376

  13. Liver abscess that responded well to pazufloxacin therapy.

    PubMed

    Hamada, Yukihiro; Imaizumi, Hiroshi; Kobayashi, Masahiro; Sunakawa, Keisuke; Saigenji, Katsunori; Yago, Kazuo

    2006-02-01

    Pazufloxacin (PZFX), an injectable, new quinolone antibacterial drug, has strong antibacterial activity against gram-negative bacteria (which often account for liver abscess) and transfers well to liver tissue, gallbladder tissue, and bile. Therefore, it is probable that PZFX could be extremely useful for patients with liver abscess. Here, we report two cases of liver abscess that resolved with PZFX. PZFX was intravenously administered to patients who had undergone abscess drainage, at a dose level of 500 mg x 2/day. PZFX therapy thereby allowed the patients to shorten the period of hospital stay. Liver abscess has been considered as a poor-prognosis disorder, due to delay in diagnosis of the disorder and the high incidence of septicemia that subsequently occurs. However, now, appropriate antibacterial drug therapy in combination with abscess drainage successfully allows excellent prognosis of patients with liver abscess without the reduction in the activities of daily living (ADL) that accompanies hepatic artery injection.

  14. [Iliopsoas abscess accompanied by epidural abscess--a case report].

    PubMed

    Fukushige, Tetsushi; Sano, Tomomi; Yamada, Sinichi; Ueda, Sawako; Kano, Tatsuhiko

    2003-09-01

    A 55-year-old man was admitted to a hospital with pain of the low back as well as the left leg, and fever. He was suspected of suffering from the lumbar disc herniation because of the presence of Lasegue's sign on the first physical examination. Abdominal computed tomography, however, revealed the swelling of the left iliopsoas muscle. Iliopsoas abscess accompanied epidural abscess was confirmed by subsequent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Antibiotic therapy was started for the successive 8 days. The fever resolved, but the pain persisted. The abscess extending from the iliopsoas muscle to the epidural space was still seen on the MRI 20 days after the completion of the antibiotic therapy, and he still complained of the pain of his low back and left leg. Therefore, we conducted epidural puncture under fluoroscopic guidance. Approximately 3 ml of pus was aspirated from the epidural space. Then, his complains decreased remarkably. Iliopsoas abscess should be taken into account in case of a patient with pain on the low back and leg and also inflammatory signs such as fever and leucocytosis.

  15. Inappropriate Sinus Tachycardia Diagnosed and Treated as Depression Successfully Treated by Radiofrequency Catheter Ablation.

    PubMed

    Masumoto, Akihiro; Takemoto, Masao; Mito, Takahiro; Tanaka, Atsushi; Kawano, Yuki; Kumeda, Hiroshi; Kang, Honsa; Matsuo, Atsutoshi; Hida, Satoru; Okazaki, Teiji; Tayama, Kei-Ichiro; Yoshitake, Kiyonobu; Kosuga, Kenichi

    2017-01-01

    We experienced a man in his 20s with inappropriate sinus tachycardia (IST) initially diagnosed and treated as depression who was steadily treated with radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) using an EnSite™ system. The patient has remained well without any symptoms or medications, including antidepressants, for two years since the RFCA. To avoid missing IST and treating it as an emotional problem and/or mental illness such as depression, physicians - including cardiologists - should be aware of these conditions when examining patients with multiple and incapacitating complaints including palpitations and general fatigue and/or tachycardia, especially characterized by an elevated resting heart rate or a disproportionate increase in the heart rate with minimal exertion.

  16. Bacillus cereus causing intratumoral brain abscess.

    PubMed

    Saigal, Karnika; Gautam, Vikas; Singh, Gagandeep; Ray, Pallab

    2016-01-01

    We report a case of intratumoral brain abscess due to Bacillus cereus in an adult male patient, which was managed successfully with excision of lesion and piperacillin-tazobactam for the duration of 5 weeks. To the best of our knowledge, this is a first case report of B. cereus infection leading to intratumoral brain abscess in a patient with a history of steroid administration by the intravenous route.

  17. [Prognostic study of liver abscess].

    PubMed

    Nouira, Ramzi; Bedoui, Riadh; Miaadi, Naoufel; Guesmi, Fethi; Ben Achour, Jamel; Hani, Mohamed; Daghfous, Mounir; Ben Osman, Samia; Zoghlami, Ayoub; Najah, Nabil

    2003-04-01

    The objective of this work is to study factors of prognostic of mortality of abscesses of the liver. We have treated between 1990 and 2000 in our service, 38 patient for abscess of the liver. The symptoms are dominated by the pain of the right hypochondria (37 cases) and the fever (34 cases). An unique abscess has been recovered in 25 cases. Some multiple localizations have been observed in 12 cases. 21 patients have been operated. The bacteriological study at all patients revealed the presence of germ in 27 cases. In 6 cases, there were two germs. It was a bacillus negative gram in 26 cases and a cocci positive gram in 7 cases. Six complications have been observed at the operated patients. In 5 cases, it was a septic shock having leads to the death. After survey univariate and multivariate the only factor of bad prognostic recovered is the septic shock. The aetiology was identified in only 9 cases; it was abscess cholangiotis.

  18. Late-onset chest wall abscess due to a biodegradable rib pin infection after lung transplantation.

    PubMed

    Goda, Yasufumi; Chen-Yoshikawa, Toyofumi F; Kusunose, Masaaki; Hamaji, Masatsugu; Motoyama, Hideki; Hijiya, Kyoko; Aoyama, Akihiro; Date, Hiroshi

    2017-03-17

    A 55-year-old man with end-stage emphysema underwent a right single-lung transplantation through a posterolateral thoracotomy. The fifth rib was divided and fused back using a biodegradable pin made of polylactide acid and hydroxyapatite. Two weeks postoperatively, he suffered from central vein catheter-related sepsis due to methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus. After being successfully treated for sepsis, he was discharged. However, 3 months later, computed tomography revealed multiple loculated abscesses in the chest wall and the right pleural space. Reoperative thoracotomy revealed abscesses mainly located around the fifth rib, where the pin was inserted. Both cultures of the abscess and the fifth rib were positive for methicillin-sensitive S. aureus, which suggested that the rib pin was the cause of the secondary infection. This case suggests the rib pins, even if they are biodegradable, could have a risk of infections side effect especially for the immunosuppressed patients.

  19. Listeria monocytogenes brain abscess: two cases and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Limmahakhun, Samornrod; Chayakulkeeree, Methee

    2013-05-01

    Listeria monocytogenes is a gram-positive bacillus that exhibits predilection to infect the central nervous system in immunocompromised individuals; the most common manifestations are meningitis and rhombencephalitis. Listerial brain abscesses are rare. We report here two brain abscess cases caused by L. monocytogenes in patients receiving immunosuppressive agents. The first patient presented with left hemiparesis mimicking stroke and the second patient presented with neurological symptoms without fever, which was indistinguishable from brain tumor. In both cases, magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) was performed to differentiate infectious processes from other causes. Diagnosis was made with a positive blood culture in both cases. Listerial DNA was detected in the pus aspirated from the abscess in the first case. Both patients were successfully treated with intravenous ampicillin followed by oral amoxicillin. MRS was useful in differentiating infectious processes from non-infectious causes.

  20. Successful treatment of a hepatic abscess formed secondary to fish bone penetration by laparoscopic removal of the foreign body: report of a case.

    PubMed

    Koşar, Mehmet Nuri; Oruk, İhsan; Yazıcıoğlu, Murat Burç; Erol, Çiğdem; Çabuk, Birgül

    2014-09-01

    Although foreign body ingestion is a common problem in children, it is also seen among adults. Perforation of the gut by a foreign body, followed by migration of the foreign body to the liver is quite rare. Most fish bone ingestions have uneventful outcome. However, occasionally, it can cause serious complications if the gastrointestinal tract is perforated. Herein, a case of liver abscess caused by a fish bone is reported. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first case in our country.

  1. Seasonal, extratrigeminal, episodic paroxysmal hemicrania successfully treated with single suboccipital steroid injections.

    PubMed

    Rossi, P; Di Lorenzo, G; Faroni, J; Sauli, E

    2005-11-01

    This case report describes a case of extratrigeminal, episodic paroxysmal hemicrania with a clear seasonal temporal pattern, successfully treated with repeated single suboccipital steroid injections. The pathophysiological and clinical implications of this observation are discussed.

  2. Keratitis Caused by Scedosporium apiospermum Successfully Treated with a Cornea Transplant and Voriconazole

    PubMed Central

    Nulens, Eric; Eggink, Cathrien; Rijs, Antonius J. M. M.; Wesseling, Pieter; Verweij, Paul E.

    2003-01-01

    A case of Scedosporium apiospermum keratitis was successfully treated with oral voriconazole and penetrating keratoplasty. Voriconazole levels in the aqueous humor were 53% of the levels in plasma and exceeded the MIC for the isolate by sevenfold. PMID:12734297

  3. [Tibial abscess caused by histoplasma capsulatum].

    PubMed

    de Fernández, M I; Negroni, R; Arechavala, A

    2001-01-01

    Disseminated histoplasmosis is the most serious form of the disease produced by the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum. Histoplasmosis was first described by Darling in 1906, and it is endemic in certain areas of Central and Southeastern regions of USA, and most Latin America countries, including the Pampa húmeda and Mesopotamia regions in Argentina, but in other continents it has a limited regional distribution. Lung involvement predominates in 90% of cases, but H. capsulatum may involve bone and soft tissues. Bone lesions without other signs of infection are very rare, and are often misdiagnosed as cancer. We report a case of disseminated histoplasmosis in a man with a myelodysplasia who presented a left tibial abscess, without any clinical evidence of pulmonary involvement. The patient was successfully treated with itraconazole.

  4. Undiagnosed amebic brain abscess.

    PubMed

    Viriyavejakul, Parnpen; Riganti, Mario

    2009-11-01

    We report a case of amebic brain abscess due to Entamoeba histolytica. The patient was a 31-year-old man who presented with amebic liver abscess. His clinical course deteriorated in spite of proper drainage and treatment. He developed delirium, lethargy and then expired. With a history of heroin addiction, withdrawal syndrome from heroin was suspected. At autopsy, amebic abscesses were detected in the liver, large intestine, meninges and brain. A 19 cm amebic liver abscess was found in the right lobe of the liver. A 4 cm amebic brain abscess was found in the right occipital lobe. Microscopically, the tissue sections from the affected organs were confirmed to have degenerated E. histolytica trophozoites. Involvement of the brain in amebic liver abscess should be suspected in patients with neurological signs and symptoms.

  5. [Pyogenic sacroiliitis complicated by iliopsoas muscle abscess].

    PubMed

    Gabrielli, Giovanni B; Stanzial, Anna Maria; Cassini, Marco; Corrocher, Roberto

    2004-03-01

    Both pyogenic sacroiliitis and iliopsoas muscle abscess are uncommon infectious entities, and their coexinstence has been reported in very few patients. We present here the case of a woman who developed a large iliopsoas abscess as a consequence of a pyogenic sacroiliitis, initially misdiagnosed as a common sciatica and treated with corticosteroids. The patient was cured by the surgical drainage of the abscess and a long-lasting antibiotic treatment. We discuss diagnostic difficulties linked to the two infectious entities, their possible pathogenic connections, the role of imaging procedures, and therapeutic options. We conclude that pyogenic sacroiliitis and the potential evolution to an iliopsoas abscess must be taken into consideration in the differential diagnosis of lower back pain, especially if fever is a concomitant sign.

  6. Cold subcutaneous abscesses.

    PubMed Central

    Jackson, R.; Stephens, L.; Kelly, A. P.

    1990-01-01

    Cold abscesses are defined as having no associated erythema, heat, or tenderness. They may be present in immunodeficiency disorders, deep mycoses, and other infectious diseases. As there is a dearth information on this subject in the dermatology, surgery, and infectious disease literature, we present a case of cold abscesses secondary to coccidioidomycosis and discuss the possible role of humoral immunity, cell-mediated immunity, prostaglandins, T cells, and other mediators in cold abscess pathogenesis. In addition, therapeutic guidelines for abscesses are reviewed. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 PMID:2280425

  7. A retrospective study on the aetiology, management, and outcome of brain abscess in an 11-year, single-centre study from China.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Chenran; Hu, Liuhua; Wu, Xiaojun; Hu, Guohan; Ding, Xuehua; Lu, Yicheng

    2014-06-06

    Brain abscesses continue to pose diagnostic and therapeutic challenges in developed and developing countries. Their aetiology and management remain complex and unclear, making improvement of treatments and outcome difficult. To determine the demographics, management, and the variables that affect the outcome in subjects with brain abscesses treated at a single centre over an 11-year period, we retrospectively analysed data in 60 patients with brain abscesses surgically treated with stereotactically guided aspiration or open craniotomy excision in Shanghai Changzheng Hospital between January 2001 and December 2011. Such variables as age, gender, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score at admission, clinical presentation, location, number of lesions, predisposing factors, mechanism of infection, aetiological agent, and therapy were analysed independently. Our analysis demonstrated that patient age and gender were factors that influence the occurrence of brain abscess; female patients and patients greater than 40 years of age were most likely to suffer a brain abscess. We also found that a patient's GCS score upon admission did not influence outcome. While frequency of successful culturing of the infectious agent was low, positive cultures were obtained in only 8 of the cases (13.33%), in which the most common isolate was Streptococcus milleri. Outcome was favourable in 78.33% of the subjects, while the mortality rate was 20%. The outcome of one patient was poor due to the abscess in the basal ganglia region. Stereotactically guided aspiration is an effective treatment for brain abscess with an overall favourable outcome. Mortality due to brain abscess was not directly related to surgery nor surgical technique. Additional studies will continue to reveal patients trends that may improve treatment for brain abscess.

  8. A retrospective study on the aetiology, management, and outcome of brain abscess in an 11-year, single-centre study from China

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Brain abscesses continue to pose diagnostic and therapeutic challenges in developed and developing countries. Their aetiology and management remain complex and unclear, making improvement of treatments and outcome difficult. Methods To determine the demographics, management, and the variables that affect the outcome in subjects with brain abscesses treated at a single centre over an 11-year period, we retrospectively analysed data in 60 patients with brain abscesses surgically treated with stereotactically guided aspiration or open craniotomy excision in Shanghai Changzheng Hospital between January 2001 and December 2011. Such variables as age, gender, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score at admission, clinical presentation, location, number of lesions, predisposing factors, mechanism of infection, aetiological agent, and therapy were analysed independently. Results Our analysis demonstrated that patient age and gender were factors that influence the occurrence of brain abscess; female patients and patients greater than 40 years of age were most likely to suffer a brain abscess. We also found that a patient’s GCS score upon admission did not influence outcome. While frequency of successful culturing of the infectious agent was low, positive cultures were obtained in only 8 of the cases (13.33%), in which the most common isolate was Streptococcus milleri. Outcome was favourable in 78.33% of the subjects, while the mortality rate was 20%. The outcome of one patient was poor due to the abscess in the basal ganglia region. Conclusions Stereotactically guided aspiration is an effective treatment for brain abscess with an overall favourable outcome. Mortality due to brain abscess was not directly related to surgery nor surgical technique. Additional studies will continue to reveal patients trends that may improve treatment for brain abscess. PMID:24903315

  9. Adult cases of congenital muscular torticollis successfully treated with botulinum toxin.

    PubMed

    Bouchard, Manon; Chouinard, Sylvain; Suchowersky, Oksana

    2010-10-30

    Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is the most common cause of torticollis in childhood. This condition is usually recognized and successfully treated in infancy, but may persist in adulthood, particularly if not treated. In adult patients, CMT can be differentiated from idiopathic cervical dystonia by the frequent association with facial asymmetry, presence of a cord-like sternocleiodmastoid muscle (SCM), absence of head tremor, lack of sensory trick, and head tilt since infancy. We describe 3 patients with persistent CMT, who were successfully treated with botulinum toxin injections with long lasting benefit.

  10. [Survival and success rate of dental implants treated with high intensity laser].

    PubMed

    Joób-Fancsaly, Arpád; Divinyi, Tamás; Karacs, Albert; Koncz, Szilvia; Pető, Gábor; Sulyok, Lili

    2015-09-01

    Clinical and radiological evaluations were conducted in patients with high energy Nd : glass laser-treated dental implants. These patients underwent dental implantation surgery between 1997 and 2006. Strict success criteria were used for the examination and analysis of implants. Based on clinical and radiological evaluation, success and survival rates of laser surface treated dental implants were similar to those of sandblasted, acid-etched surface implants frequently reported in the literature. Specific surface morphology and high degree of purity of laser surface treated dental implants ensure excellent osseointegration and a good clinical performance also on the long-term.

  11. Dangerous blind tracheal intubation attempt due to fiberscope non-availability in a pediatric patient with retropharyngeal abscess caused by a large fish bone.

    PubMed

    Li, Bi-Lian; Xu, Ying-Yi; Jiang, Yan-Fang; Liu, Wen-Xing; Kuang, Xiao-Hua; Ni, Jin

    2015-01-01

    In China, foods containing bones are sometimes fed to young infants. Occasionally, this practice results in bone aspiration and retropharyngeal abscess, a potentially life-threatening infection in the deep space of the neck that can compromise the airway. The main concern in managing patients with retropharyngeal abscess is airway management. In China, not all hospitals and operating rooms are equipped with fiberscopes, particularly pediatric-size fiberscopes. Emergency airway management can be dangerous when a fiberscope is unavailable. We present the case of a 21-month-old baby girl with a retropharyngeal abscess secondary to fish bone ingestion. During an attempted blind tracheal intubation due to fiberscope non-availability, the abscess ruptured, and the pus released from it obstructed the airway. The patient was successfully treated despite the inadequate resources and dangerous complication. We recommend a detailed preoperative airway assessment and preparation for fiberscopic tracheal intubation in such patients to prevent this dangerous complication.

  12. Brain abscess caused by Lactococcus lactis cremoris in a child.

    PubMed

    Topçu, Yasemin; Akıncı, Gülçin; Bayram, Erhan; Hız, Semra; Türkmen, Mehmet

    2011-12-01

    Lactococcus lactis cremoris infections are very rare in humans. It is recognized as a commensal organism of mucocutaneous surfaces of cattle, and is occasionally isolated from human mucocutaneous surfaces. We report a brain abscess caused by L. lactis cremoris in an immunocompetent child. A 19-month-old female patient was admitted with fever and vomiting. Brain computed tomography (CT) revealed brain abscess. L. lactis cremoris was isolated from culture of the abscess material. The patient was treated with pus drainage from brain abscess and antibiotics including vancomycin and meropenem. The patient recovered completely. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a L. lactis cremoris infection in children.

  13. Citrobocter kasori spinal epidural abscess: a rare occurrence.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Ashok; Jain, Pramod; Singh, Pritish; Divthane, Rupam; Badole, C M

    2013-01-01

    Pyogenic spinal epidural abscess Is an uncommon Infectious occurrence. Clinical prospects of pyogenic spinal epidural abscess are graver if not promptly diagnosed and treated appropriately. A case of spinal epidural abscess has been presented with sinus tract formation at L4-L5 level, of pyogenic aetiology that progressed to paraplegia over the course of the disease. MRI pointed towards an epidural abscess extending from T12 vertebral level to S1 vertebral level. Surgical decompression in the form of laminectomy and evacuation of pus was done and antibiotics were given according to culture and sensitivity. Histopathological analysis revealed the acute suppurative nature of the abscess. Citrobacter kasori was isolated on pus culture. Pyogenic epidural abscess with causative organism being Citrobacter kasori has least been documented.

  14. Hepatogastric fistula: a rare complication of pyogenic liver abscess.

    PubMed

    Gandham, Venkata Srinivas; Pottakkat, Biju; Panicker, Lakshmi C; Hari, Ranjit Vijaya

    2014-07-17

    Hepatogastric fistula is very rare. We report a case of hepatogastric fistula as a complication of pyogenic liver abscess. A 40-year-old man presented with upper abdominal pain and high-grade fever of 2 weeks. Evaluation revealed multiple liver abscesses. On an empirical diagnosis of pyogenic liver abscess, he was treated with antibiotics. During hospital stay he developed intermittent large quantity bilious vomiting. Gastroduodenoscopy and contrast-enhanced CT of the abdomen showed rupture of left lobe liver abscess into the stomach. As expectant management failed to resolve the abscess, endoscopic retrograde papillotomy and stenting of common bile duct was performed. After endoscopic stenting, symptoms subsided. Imaging repeated after 2 weeks of endoscopic stenting showed resolving abscess. He was discharged and is doing well on regular follow-ups. We conclude that hepatogastric fistula can be managed by endoscopic stenting as bile flow through the stent hastens resolution and healing of the fistula.

  15. Spinal epidural abscess.

    PubMed

    Miftode, E; Luca, V; Mihalache, D; Leca, D; Stefanidis, E; Anuţa, C; Sabadis, L

    2001-01-01

    In a retrospective study, 68 patients with Spinal Epidural Abscess (SEA) were reviewed. Of these, 66% had different predisposing factors such as staphylococcal skin infections, surgical procedures, rachicentesis, trauma, spondilodiscitis. Abscess had a lumbar region location in 53% of cases. Staphylococcus aureus was the most frequent etiological agent (81%). The overall rate of mortality in SEA patients was 13.2%.

  16. Anal abscess and fistula.

    PubMed

    Sneider, Erica B; Maykel, Justin A

    2013-12-01

    Benign anorectal diseases, such as anal abscesses and fistula, are commonly seen by primary care physicians, gastroenterologists, emergency physicians, general surgeons, and colorectal surgeons. It is important to have a thorough understanding of the complexity of these 2 disease processes so as to provide appropriate and timely treatment. We review the pathophysiology, presentation, diagnosis, and treatment options for both anal abscesses and fistulas.

  17. Scrotal abscess: Varied etiology, associations, and management

    PubMed Central

    Ramareddy, Raghu S.; Alladi, Anand

    2016-01-01

    Aim: To report a series of scrotal abscess, a rare problem, their etiology, and management. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study of children who presented with scrotal abscess between January 2010 and March 2015, analyzed with respect to clinical features, pathophysiology of spread and management. Results: Eight infants and a 3-year-old phenotypically male child presented with scrotal abscess as a result of abdominal pathologies which included mixed gonadal dysgenesis (MGD) [1]; three anorectal malformations with ectopic ureter [1], urethral stricture [1], and neurogenic bladder [1]; meconium peritonitis with meconium periorchitis [2], ileal atresia [1], and intra-abdominal abscess [1]; posturethroplasty for Y urethral duplication with metal stenosis [1] and idiopathic pyocele [1]. Transmission of the organism had varied routes include fallopian tube [1], urethra ejaculatory reflux [4], hematogenous [2], and the patent process of vaginalis [2]. Two of the nine required extensive evaluation for further management. Treating the predisposing pathology resolved scrotal abscesses in eight of nine patients, one of whom, required vasectomy additionally. Idiopathic pyocele responded to needle aspiration and antibiotics. Conclusion: Scrotal abscess needs a high index of suspicion for predisposing pathology, especially in infants. Laparoscopy is safe and effective in the management of the MGD and ectopic ureter. PMID:27695207

  18. Entamoeba histolytica brain abscess.

    PubMed

    Petri, William A; Haque, Rashidul

    2013-01-01

    Brain abscess due to Entamoeba histolytica is most commonly seen in a small percentage of patients who also have an amebic liver abscess. The typical patient is a young man who after treatment for liver abscess with apparent improvement develops symptoms and signs of central nervous system involvement. The average age of the patient is 30 years, and common presentations include headache, vomiting, and altered mental status. Signs of amebic brain abscess include most commonly meningeal signs, facial nerve (VII) palsy, motor paralysis, and seizure. Most patients have abnormal cerebrospinal fluid although there is no special or characteristic abnormality. Diagnosis is by serology and PCR of brain abscess aspirate or CSF and treatment is with metronidazole. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Positive indium-111 leukocyte scan in Nocardia brain abscess

    SciTech Connect

    Bauman, J.M.; Osenbach, R.; Hartshorne, M.F.; Youngblood, L.; Crooks, L.; Landry, A.J.; Cawthon, M.A.

    1986-01-01

    We report a case of clinically unsuspected nocardia brain abscess detected by /sup 111/In-labeled autologous leukocytes. Clinical and computed tomographic findings supported the diagnosis of primary or metastatic tumor and the patient was treated with dexamethasone for 30 days prior to the leukocyte scan. Labeled leukocytes may provide a sensitive discriminator for brain abscess despite previous therapy with steroids.

  20. Experience with Splenic Abscess from Southern India

    PubMed Central

    Deme, Swaroopa; Mohan, KNKJ; Adiraju, Krishna Prasad; Modugu, Nageswar Rao; Chandra, Naval; Narendra, AMVR; Yadati, Sathyanarayana Raju

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Splenic abscess is a rare entity with potentially life threatening complications. Sparse recent published data are available documenting the aetiological profile and management of patients with splenic abscess from India. Aim To study the clinical profile of splenic abscess. Materials and Methods We retrospectively collected data from case records of admitted patients with splenic abscesses, to Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences and Hospital which is a multispecialty, tertiary care referral hospital over a period of 15 months (from March 2014 to May 2015) and parameters studied were age, sex, symptoms, signs, risk factors, investigations like Ultrasound, CT scan, blood & microbiological culture, treatment and outcome. Results Most common presenting symptom was fever (90%). Mean age was 33.5 years. Five patients (55%) had risk factors like HIV, leukaemia and diabetes. From pus culture Escherichia coli was the most common organism (22%) grown. Staphylococcus saureus, Enterococcus faecium were seen in one each, blood culture grown Cryptococcus neoformans, Pseudomonas aeroginosa in one each, Plasmodium falciparum was seen on peripheral smear in one. Three were empirically treated as disseminated koch’s. Another was treated as possible infective endocarditis. All were given antimicrobials, five (55%) were treated with antimicrobials alone, three (33%) with PCD (Per Cutaneous Drainage) and one (11%) with sub-total splenectomy. All patients recovered. Conclusion With early diagnosis and increased use of ultrasound guided procedures like aspiration or drainage, spleenectomy can be avoided. Optimal treatment for splenic abscess is yet to be defined and customized to each patient. PMID:27891372

  1. Extensive spinal epidural abscess as a complication of Crohn's disease.

    PubMed

    Smith, Chez; Kavar, Bhadrakant

    2010-01-01

    A spinal epidural abscess is a neurosurgical emergency. Successful treatment frequently requires decompression of the spinal canal in combination with intravenous antibiotics. We report a patient with Crohn's disease who developed an extensive spinal epidural abscess communicating with an intra-abdominal collection.

  2. Pericecal hernia manifesting as a small bowel obstruction successfully treated with laparoscopic surgery

    PubMed Central

    Ogami, Takuya; Honjo, Hirotaka; Kusanagi, Hiroshi

    2016-01-01

    A pericecal hernia is a type of internal hernia, which rarely causes small bowel obstruction (SBO). At our institution, a 92-year-old man presented with vomiting and abdominal pain. He was conservatively treated with a diagnosis of SBO. After 2 weeks of copious drainage output, he was taken to the operating room. Laparoscopy revealed a pericecal hernia that was successfully reduced. We conclude that laparoscopic surgery is an effective way to treat SBOs secondary to pericecal hernias. PMID:26933000

  3. Two-tuohy needle and catheter technique for fluoroscopically guided percutaneous drainage of spinal epidural abscess: a case report.

    PubMed

    Perez-Toro, Marco R; Burton, Allen W; Hamid, Basem; Koyyalagunta, Dhanalakshmi

    2009-04-01

    The incidence of spinal epidural abscess has increased in the past decades. Traditionally, management was based on surgical decompression. More recent studies have shown conservative management has successful outcomes in selected patients. We present a case, in which an elderly woman presented with new onset radicular pain and mild leukocytosis more than a week after a complicated revision of an intrathecal catheter in place for management of chronic axial low back pain. Magentic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a posterior epidural abscess from T12 to L2. Two Touhy needles were placed in the epidural space with fluoroscopic guidance for drainage of the abscess. A catheter was then advanced into the epidural space for irrigation with saline and an antibiotic solution. Intravenous antibiotics were continued for a total of 6 weeks. Radicular pain resolved immediately post-procedure. Serial MRIs also showed decreasing size of the abscess. Posterior spinal epidural abscesses may be successfully treated by way of the two Touhy needle and catheter technique for drainage and irrigation. This procedure should be reserved for patients that present with no neurological deficits or deemed nonsurgical candidates. Patients should continue on prolonged intravenous antibiotics and be monitored closely for clinical deterioration and undergo serial follow-up MRIs.

  4. Changing etiology of iliopsoas abscess.

    PubMed

    Walsh, T R; Reilly, J R; Hanley, E; Webster, M; Peitzman, A; Steed, D L

    1992-04-01

    Over a 5-year period, iliopsoas abscesses were found in 11 patients. Although the most common underlying condition was Crohn's disease (3 of 11 patients), 5 abscesses resulted from hematogenous spread from a distant site. Each of these five patients was elderly, severely malnourished, or had an underlying chronic disease. Fever was a presenting sign in 8 of 11 patients, whereas all 4 patients who presented with back pain had nontuberculous lumbar osteomyelitis or disk space infections. No patient presented with the classic triad of fever, back pain, and anterior thigh or groin pain. Computed tomographic (CT) scans accurately established the clinical diagnosis in 10 of 11 patients. Two of the patients died. One patient was an intravenous drug abuser, whereas the other patient was being treated with steroids for systemic lupus erythematosus. Elderly patients, diabetics, and patients with chronic disease are susceptible to this kind of occult infection and may present with minimal clinical findings. Aggressive diagnosis using CT scanning and treatment with resection of involved bowel, complete drainage of the abscess, and prolonged antibiotics are required to salvage these patients.

  5. Laparoscopic Removal of Intrahepatic Foreign Body: A Novel Technique for Management of an Unusual Cause of Liver Abscess--Fish Bone Migration.

    PubMed

    Tan, Chun Hai; Chang, Sian Ying Heidi; Cheah, Yee Lee

    2016-01-01

    Fish bone migration from the gastrointestinal tract into the liver is an unusual cause of liver abscess. We describe successful laparoscopic removal of intrahepatic fish bones in 2 patients who presented with liver abscesses. Both patients were admitted to our institution with a 2-week history of right upper quadrant pain, fever, chills, and rigors. Radiological imaging revealed the presence of a linear calcified foreign body within a hepatic abscess in the left lateral section of the liver. These findings were suggestive of infection secondary to migration of fish bone from the stomach to the liver. Both patients underwent percutaneous drainage of liver abscesses with control of sepsis, followed by laparoscopic removal of intrahepatic fish bones. Localization of the fish bones was facilitated by intraoperative ultrasonographic examination of the liver. Postoperative recovery was fast and uneventful. This is the first report of two consecutive cases of liver abscess caused by fish bone migration where our patients were successfully treated by percutaneous drainage of the abscess followed by laparoscopic removal of intrahepatic fish bone.

  6. Bacterial Brain Abscess

    PubMed Central

    Patel, Kevin

    2014-01-01

    Significant advances in the diagnosis and management of bacterial brain abscess over the past several decades have improved the expected outcome of a disease once regarded as invariably fatal. Despite this, intraparenchymal abscess continues to present a serious and potentially life-threatening condition. Brain abscess may result from traumatic brain injury, prior neurosurgical procedure, contiguous spread from a local source, or hematogenous spread of a systemic infection. In a significant proportion of cases, an etiology cannot be identified. Clinical presentation is highly variable and routine laboratory testing lacks sensitivity. As such, a high degree of clinical suspicion is necessary for prompt diagnosis and intervention. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging offer a timely and sensitive method of assessing for abscess. Appearance of abscess on routine imaging lacks specificity and will not spare biopsy in cases where the clinical context does not unequivocally indicate infectious etiology. Current work with advanced imaging modalities may yield more accurate methods of differentiation of mass lesions in the brain. Management of abscess demands a multimodal approach. Surgical intervention and medical therapy are necessary in most cases. Prognosis of brain abscess has improved significantly in the recent decades although close follow-up is required, given the potential for long-term sequelae and a risk of recurrence. PMID:25360205

  7. More than one-third of successfully nonoperatively treated patients with complicated appendicitis experienced recurrent appendicitis: Is interval appendectomy necessary?

    PubMed

    Tanaka, Yujiro; Uchida, Hiroo; Kawashima, Hiroshi; Fujiogi, Michimasa; Suzuki, Keisuke; Takazawa, Shinya; Deie, Kyoichi; Amano, Hizuru; Iwanaka, Tadashi

    2016-12-01

    Although nonoperative treatment (non-OPT) for complicated appendicitis is performed widely, the long-term outcomes and merits of interval appendectomy (IA) need to be evaluated. Between April 2007 and December 2013, all appendicitis patients with well-circumscribed abscess or phlegmon were required to select either laparoscopic surgery (OPT) or non-OPT with optional IA on admission. Optional IA was planned at ≥3months after non-OPT. For non-OPT, intravenous injection of antibiotics was continued until the serum C-reactive protein concentration decreased to <0.5mg/dL, with occasional drainage of abscesses. Thirty-three patients chose OPT, and 55 chose non-OPT. Among non-OPT patients, 16 selected IA. The success rate of non-OPT was 98.2%. Recurrence occurred in 13 (34.2%) of the 38 non-IA group patients. Although the non-IA group patients frequently had perforated appendicitis at recurrence, they visited the hospital earlier than at the initial appendicitis and had less inflammation. Readmission rate or complications in patients undergoing IA were not different compared with those of the patients in the non-IA group, who had recurrence at ≥3months, or with those of patients in the OPT group. Although many patients experienced recurrent appendicitis after successful nonoperative treatment, IA may not be necessary after non-OPT. Prospective comparative study, level II. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Abdominal wall abscesses in patients with Crohn's disease: clinical outcome.

    PubMed

    Neufeld, David; Keidar, Andrei; Gutman, Mordechai; Zissin, Rivka

    2006-03-01

    Abdominal wall abscess due to Crohn's Disease used to be one of the definitive indications for operative treatment. The advent of interventional radiology, the accessibility to percutaneous drainage, and the availability of new medications raised the possibility of nonoperative treatment of this condition. The clinical presentation, treatment, and follow-up of 13 patients with abdominal wall abscesses secondary to Crohn's Disease were retrospectively reviewed. During a 10-year period (1993-2003), 13 patients with abdominal wall abscess were treated. Five patients had an anterolateral abdominal wall abscess and eight had a posterior abscess (psoas). In 11 patients, 17 drainage procedures were performed: 12 percutaneous and 5 operative. Despite initial adequate drainage and resolution of the abscess, all 13 patients eventually needed resection of the offending bowel segment, which was undertaken in 12 patients. The mean time between abscess presentation and definitive operation was 2 months. Percutaneous drainage is an attractive option in most cases of abdominal abscesses. However, in Crohn's Disease patients with an abdominal wall abscess, we found a high failure rate despite initial adequate drainage. We suggest that surgical resection of the diseased bowel segment should be the definitive therapy.

  9. Establishment and Early Succession of Bacterial Communities in Monochloramine-treated Drinking Water Biofilms

    EPA Science Inventory

    The use of monochloramine as drinking water disinfectant is increasing because it forms lower levels of traditional disinfection by-products compared to free-chlorine. However, little is known about the bacterial succession within biofilms in monochloramine-treated systems. The d...

  10. Functional visual acuity in patients with successfully treated amblyopia: a pilot study.

    PubMed

    Hoshi, Sujin; Hiraoka, Takahiro; Kotsuka, Junko; Sato, Yumiko; Izumida, Shinya; Kato, Atsuko; Ueno, Yuta; Fukuda, Shinichi; Oshika, Tetsuro

    2017-06-01

    The aim of this study was to use conventional visual acuity measurements to quantify the functional visual acuity (FVA) in eyes with successfully treated amblyopia, and to compare the findings with those for contralateral normal eyes. Nineteen patients (7 boys, 12 girls; age 7.5 ± 2.2 years) with successfully treated unilateral amblyopia and the same conventional decimal visual acuity in both eyes (better than 1.0) were enrolled. FVA, the visual maintenance ratio (VMR), maximum and minimum visual acuity, and the average response time were recorded for both eyes of all patients using an FVA measurement system. The differences in FVA values between eyes were analyzed. The mean LogMAR FVA scores, VMR (p < 0.001 for both), and the LogMAR maximum (p < 0.005) and minimum visual acuity (p < 0.001) were significantly poorer for the eyes with treated amblyopia than for the contralateral normal eyes. There was no significant difference in the average response time. Our results indicate that FVA and VMR were poorer for eyes with treated amblyopia than for normal eyes, even though the treatment for amblyopia was considered successful on the basis of conventional visual acuity measurements. These results suggest that visual function is impaired in eyes with amblyopia, regardless of treatment success, and that FVA measurements can provide highly valuable diagnosis and treatment information that is not readily provided by conventional visual acuity measurements.

  11. Chronic total occlusion successfully treated with a bioresorbable everolimus-eluting vascular scaffold

    PubMed Central

    Mattesini, Alessio; Dall'Ara, Gianni; Mario, Carlo Di

    2014-01-01

    Fully bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) are a new approach to the percutaneous treatment of coronary artery disease. The BVS have not yet been fully tested in complex lesions, including chronic total occlusion (CTO). We report a CTO case successfully treated with a second-generation bioabsorbable drug-eluting scaffold. PMID:25061461

  12. A Case of Iatrogenic Subclavian Artery Injury Successfully Treated with Endovascular Procedures

    PubMed Central

    Yamagami, Takuji; Yoshimatsu, Rika; Tanaka, Osamu; Miura, Hiroshi; Kawahito, Yutaka; Oka, Katsuhiko; Yaku, Hitoshi; Nishimura, Tsunehiko

    2011-01-01

    We report a case of a life-threatening massive hemothorax caused by iatrogenic injury of the right subclavian artery. The patient was successfully treated with placement of a covered stent. During the procedure, occlusion balloon catheters rapidly controlled the massive bleeding. PMID:23555430

  13. Establishment and Early Succession of Bacterial Communities in Monochloramine-treated Drinking Water Biofilms

    EPA Science Inventory

    The use of monochloramine as drinking water disinfectant is increasing because it forms lower levels of traditional disinfection by-products compared to free-chlorine. However, little is known about the bacterial succession within biofilms in monochloramine-treated systems. The d...

  14. Abscess in the Lungs

    MedlinePlus

    ... a sample of sputum and try to grow (culture) the organism causing the abscess, but this test ... obtain samples of lung secretions or tissue for culture if, for example, Antibiotics seem ineffective Obstruction of ...

  15. Legionella micdadei Brain Abscess

    PubMed Central

    Johnson, Edward; Macyk-Davey, Andrea; Henry, Monica; Nilsson, Jan-Erik; Miedzinski, Lil

    2013-01-01

    We describe an immunocompromised patient who developed a large frontal brain abscess caused by Legionella micdadei. This is, to our knowledge, a rare case of culture-proven Legionella central nervous system infection. PMID:23224082

  16. Tonsillar Cellulitis and Abscess

    MedlinePlus

    ... to Pneumococcal Vaccine Additional Content Medical News Tonsillar Cellulitis and Tonsillar Abscess By Clarence T. Sasaki, MD, ... Vocal Cord Contact Ulcers Vocal Cord Paralysis Tonsillar cellulitis is a bacterial infection of the tissues around ...

  17. Spontaneous spinal epidural abscess.

    PubMed

    Ellanti, P; Morris, S

    2011-10-01

    Spinal epidural abscess is an uncommon entity, the frequency of which is increasing. They occur spontaneously or as a complication of intervention. The classical triad of fever, back pain and neurological symptoms are not always present. High index of suspicion is key to diagnosis. Any delay in diagnosis and treatment can have significant neurological consequences. We present the case of a previously well man with a one month history of back pain resulting from an epidural abscess.

  18. Central corneal abscess.

    PubMed

    van Bijsterveld, O P

    1976-05-01

    Central corneal abscess developed in the experimental animal after inoculation of biologically active staphylococcal strains in a paracentral epithelial lesion of the cornea. These abscesses did not ulcerate, developed only with high inocula, occurred more frequently in immunized rabbits. A serpiginous type of ulceration did not develop at the site of the initial epithelial lesion nor at any other place in the cornea. Histologically, the lesions consisted of densely packed polymorphonuclear leukocytes between the corneal lamellae.

  19. Aspergillus spinal epidural abscess

    SciTech Connect

    Byrd, B.F. III; Weiner, M.H.; McGee, Z.A.

    1982-12-17

    A spinal epidural abscess developed in a renal transplant recipient; results of a serum radioimmunoassay for Aspergillus antigen were positive. Laminectomy disclosed an abscess of the L4-5 interspace and L-5 vertebral body that contained hyphal forms and from which Aspergillus species was cultured. Serum Aspergillus antigen radioimmunoassay may be a valuable, specific early diagnostic test when systemic aspergillosis is a consideration in an immunosuppressed host.

  20. [Psoas abscess caused by Staphylococcus lugdunensis].

    PubMed

    Tamargo Delpón, María; Demelo-Rodríguez, Pablo; Cano Ballesteros, Juan Carlos; Vela de la Cruz, Laura

    2016-01-01

    Staphylococcus lugdunensis is a coagulase-negative staphylococcus of growing importance and atypical behavior. The infections caused by this microorganism are becoming more frequent, having a broader spectrum. Psoas abscesses caused by this germ are rare, with few cases reported in the literature. In this work, we present a case of a psoas abscess caused by S. lugdunensis in a patient suffering from diabetes mellitus and rheumatoid arthritis, which was treated with intravenous cloxacillin with a good outcome. Copyright © 2016 Asociación Argentina de Microbiología. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  1. Laparoscopic management of appendicular abscess (clinical observation).

    PubMed

    Tutchenko, Mykola; Svitlychnyi, Eduard; Wojcicka, Karolina; Shavlovskyi, Oleksandr

    2014-05-01

    This article presents the diagnostics and laparoscopic management of appendicular abscess of 66 y.o. woman operated 3 weeks after the disease onset. The patient underwent surgery successfully. Purulent septic post-operative complications were not demonstrated. That confirms the benefits of minimally invasive surgery.

  2. Erythema Ab Igne Successfully Treated With Mesoglycan and Bioflavonoids: A Case-Report

    PubMed Central

    Gianfaldoni, Serena; Gianfaldoni, Roberto; Tchernev, Georgi; Lotti, Jacopo; Wollina, Uwe; Lotti, Torello

    2017-01-01

    Erythema ab igne is a localised, cutaneous condition consisting of reticulate hyperpigmentation, epidermal atrophy, and telangiectasias. It is caused by repetitive and prolonged exposure to moderate heat that is insufficient for producing burns. Currently, erythema ab igne is most commonly observed following repeated use of hot water bottles, infrared lamps and heating pads. If not properly treated, erythema ab igne can become chronic and even malignant. We report a case of erythema ab igne, successfully treated with systemic mesoglycan-based therapy, and local therapy with bioflavonoids. PMID:28785325

  3. Erythema Ab Igne Successfully Treated With Mesoglycan and Bioflavonoids: A Case-Report.

    PubMed

    Gianfaldoni, Serena; Gianfaldoni, Roberto; Tchernev, Georgi; Lotti, Jacopo; Wollina, Uwe; Lotti, Torello

    2017-07-25

    Erythema ab igne is a localised, cutaneous condition consisting of reticulate hyperpigmentation, epidermal atrophy, and telangiectasias. It is caused by repetitive and prolonged exposure to moderate heat that is insufficient for producing burns. Currently, erythema ab igne is most commonly observed following repeated use of hot water bottles, infrared lamps and heating pads. If not properly treated, erythema ab igne can become chronic and even malignant. We report a case of erythema ab igne, successfully treated with systemic mesoglycan-based therapy, and local therapy with bioflavonoids.

  4. Four cases of dysthymic disorder and general malaise successfully treated with traditional herbal (kampo) medicines: kamiuntanto.

    PubMed

    Kogure, Toshiaki; Tatsumi, Takeshi; Oku, Yuko

    2010-01-01

    Traditional herbal (Kampo) medicines have been used since ancient times to treat patients with mental disorders. In the present report, we describe four patients with dysthymia successfully treated with Kampo medicines: Kamiuntanto (KUT). These four patients fulfilled the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) criteria for dysthymic disorder with easy fatigability and sleeplessness, but did not fulfill the criteria for major depressive disorder. Treatment with KUT relieved depressive status, fatigue and sleeplessness in these patients. As a result, their QOL (quality of life) was considerably improved. KUT may be useful as an additional or alternative treatment for dysthymia, especially in the field of primary health care.

  5. Atypical Carcinoid Tumor with Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase (ALK) Rearrangement Successfully Treated by an ALK Inhibitor.

    PubMed

    Nakajima, Masayuki; Uchiyama, Naoki; Shigemasa, Rie; Matsumura, Takeshi; Matsuoka, Ryota; Nomura, Akihiro

    This is the first report in which crizotinib, an anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor, reduced an atypical carcinoid tumor with ALK rearrangement. A 70-year-old man developed a tumor in the left lung and multiple metastases to the lung and brain. The pathology of transbronchial biopsied specimens demonstrated an atypical carcinoid pattern. Combined with immunohistochemical findings, we diagnosed the tumor as atypical carcinoid. ALK gene rearrangement was observed by both immunohistochemical (IHC) and fluorescence in situ hybridization. He was treated with chemotherapy as first-line therapy, however, the tumor did not respond to chemotherapy. Thereafter, he was treated with crizotinib, which successfully reduced the tumors.

  6. Four Cases of Facial Discoid Lupus Erythematosus Successfully Treated with Topical Pimecrolimus or Tacrolimus

    PubMed Central

    Han, Ye Won; Kim, Hyung Ok; Park, Sung Hwan

    2010-01-01

    Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE), which is a cutaneous form of lupus erythematosus (LE), is generally refractory to a wide range of topical or systemic therapies. Although the main treatment option for DLE is topical steroids, it is often ineffective or likely to produce long-term side effects. New drugs, including tacrolimus and pimecrolimus, have been developed to overcome the adverse effects of steroids and treat the lesions of DLE for a prolonged period. We herein report 4 cases of facial DLE successfully treated with therapeutic adjuvants, topical tacrolimus or pimecrolimus. PMID:20711267

  7. Do drop-outs differ from successfully treated obsessive-compulsives?

    PubMed

    Hansen, A M; Hoogduin, C A; Schaap, C; de Haan, E

    1992-09-01

    The most common reasons given by patients for dropping out of treatment are: environmental constraints, dissatisfaction with services and that they no longer need help. In this study two groups of patients suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorders are compared. The drop-outs' reasons for terminating treatment are compared with the comments of patients who completed the therapy successfully. Drop-outs differ from successfully treated OCD's in five respects: they appear to be less obsessive-compulsive; they have more discongruent treatment expectations; they are more critical of the therapist; they experience less anxiety in carrying out homework assignments; they less frequently come under pressure from people close to them.

  8. Tongue abscess induced by embedded remnant fishbone.

    PubMed

    Chen, Pai-L; Chiang, C-W; Shiao, C-C

    2015-12-01

    The authors reported a 56-year-old man with progressive pain over left bottom of oral cavity involving tongue for 3 days. He had a puncture history of tongue by fishbone, which was immediately removed 3 weeks ago. The subsequent contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan of neck disclosed an abscess formation with a faint linear radiopaque material inside, consisting with remnant fishbone retention. The patient was treated conservatively with intravenous antibiotics, followed by an uneventful course during subsequent follow-up for more than 9 months until now. Tongue abscess is a rare but potentially life threatening clinical entity. Foreign body puncture-related tongue abscess should be listed as a differential diagnosis in cases with acute tongue swelling.

  9. Tongue abscess induced by embedded remnant fishbone.

    PubMed

    Chen, Pai-Lien; Chiang, Ching-Wen; Shiao, Chih-Chung

    2015-07-22

    The authors reported a 56-year-old man with progressive pain over left bottom of oral cavity involving tongue for 3 days. He had a puncture history of tongue by fishbone, which was immediately removed 3 weeks ago. The subsequent contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan of neck disclosed an abscess formation with a faint linear radiopaque material inside, consisting with remnant fishbone retention. The patient was treated conservatively with intravenous antibiotics, followed by an uneventful course during subsequent follow-up for more than 9 months until now. Tongue abscess is a rare but potentially life threatening clinical entity. Foreign body puncture-related tongue abscess should be listed as a differential diagnosis in cases with acute tongue swelling.

  10. Occult Candida thyroid abscess diagnosed by gallium-67 scanning

    SciTech Connect

    Bach, M.C.; Blattner, S. )

    1990-06-01

    A clinically silent fungal thyroid abscess was identified by Ga-67 citrate scanning and successfully drained surgically in a young leukemic patient. Whole-body radionuclide scanning remains a valuable method to help diagnose persistent fever in the immunocompromised host.

  11. Resection of a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus liver abscess in a patient with Crohn’s disease under infliximab treatment: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Introduction A liver abscess in Crohn’s disease is a rare but important entity that is associated with a poor prognosis and high mortality when treatment is delayed. We report a case of successful liver segmentectomy for a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus liver abscess in a patient with Crohn’s disease under infliximab treatment. Case presentation A 31-year-old Japanese man, who had been treated with infliximab infusions for Crohn’s disease, was referred to our hospital presenting with an abrupt onset of high fever and an elevated white blood cell count and serum C-reactive protein level. Computed tomography revealed a liver abscess occupying segment 8. The limited effect of percutaneous transhepatic abscess drainage and antibiotics led us to perform radical resection of the abscess. The patient recovered quickly after surgery and the postoperative course was uneventful. Conclusion The present case suggests that surgical removal of an abscess should be considered for patients under immunosuppression or refractory to conventional treatment. PMID:23374532

  12. Percutaneous needle aspiration versus catheter drainage in the management of liver abscess: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    PubMed Central

    Cai, Yu-Long; Xiong, Xian-Ze; Lu, Jiong; Cheng, Yao; Yang, Chen; Lin, Yi-Xin; Zhang, Jie; Cheng, Nan-Sheng

    2015-01-01

    Objective The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of percutaneous needle aspiration (PNA) and percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) in the management of liver abscess. Methods Electronic searches (Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, SCIE) were conducted to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing PNA and PCD. A meta-analysis was subsequently performed. Results A total of five RCTs covering 306 patients were included. The meta-analysis showed that outcomes in patients treated with PCD were superior to those in patients treated with PNA in terms of success rate [relative risk (RR): 0.81, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.66–0.99; P = 0.04], clinical improvement [standardized mean difference (SMD): −0.73, 95% CI 0.36–1.11; P = 0.0001] and days to achieve a 50% reduction in abscess cavity size (SMD: −1.08, 95% CI 0.64–1.53; P < 0.00001). No significant differences were found in duration of hospitalization (mean difference: −0.17, 95% CI −2.10 to 1.75; P = 0.86) or procedure-related complications (RR: 0.50, 95% CI 0.10–2.63; P = 0.41). Days to achieve the total or near total resolution of the abscess cavity and mortality were not calculated because data in the RCTs in the meta-analysis were insufficient. Conclusions Both PNA and PCD are safe methods of draining liver abscesses. However, PCD is more effective than PNA because it facilitates a higher success rate, reduces the time required to achieve clinical relief and supports a 50% reduction in abscess cavity size. However, among successfully treated patients, the outcomes of PNA are comparable with those of PCD. PMID:25209740

  13. [Surgical treatment of a solitary hepatic abscess].

    PubMed

    Boĭko, V V; Tishchenko, A M; Gusak, I V; Maloshtan, A A; Skoryĭ, D I; Smachilo, R M

    2013-06-01

    Retrospective analysis of the treatment results of 120 patients, suffering solitary hepatic abscess (SHA), was conducted. The sanation methods, in accordance to technology, the treatment impact intensity and aggressiveness, may be divided on three lines: aspirational, draining and resectional. The method of sanation is selected on the background of morphological peculiarities of abscess--its sizes, by presence of sequesters, divisioning septs, dense rigid capsule, grade of periprocess. Surgical access is determined by the abscess localization, the patient's state severity, instrumental equipment of the clinic. Differentiated approach, taking into account genesis, sizes, localization and stage of its formation, constitutes a background of successful treatment of SHA. In totally formatted acute SHA, as a rule, the methods of choice are aspirational and aspiration-draining methods of sanation under ultrasonographic control or laparoscopy. In the presence of chronic SHA or suppurated parasitic hepatic cyst it is mandatory to select the resectional methods.

  14. Did successfully treated pulmonary tuberculosis patients undergo all follow-up sputum smear examinations?

    PubMed

    Satyanarayana, S; Nagaraja, S B; Kelamane, S; Jaju, J; Chadha, S S; Chander, K; Vishnu, H; Wilson, N C; Harries, A D

    2011-12-21

    To assess response to anti-tuberculosis treatment as per national guidelines, a retrospective record review was undertaken in four districts of Andhra Pradesh, India, in December 2009 to determine whether pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients reported as successfully treated (cured or treatment completed) underwent all scheduled follow-up sputum smear examinations. In a quarterly cohort of 3000 PTB patients reported as successfully treated, 1847 (61.5%) underwent all follow-up sputum examinations, with a higher proportion of new cases (65%) than retreatment cases (45%). The mid-continuation phase follow-up sputum examinations were commonly missed, and 11% patients had not undergone end-of-treatment follow-up sputum examinations.

  15. Linear Darier's disease successfully treated with 0.1% tazarotene gel "short-contact" therapy.

    PubMed

    Brazzelli, Valeria; Prestinari, Francesca; Barbagallo, Tania; Vassallo, Camilla; Agozzino, Marina; Borroni, Giovanni

    2006-01-01

    We report the case of a 25 year old man affected by linear Darier's disease. The patient presented with brownish keratotic papules involving the trunk in a linear pattern. These lesions were successfully treated within 6 weeks with 0.1% tazarotene gel "short contact". The good response that was obtained suggests that the use of "short contact" tazarotene could be useful in the treatment of linear Darier's disease.

  16. Bioprosthetic mitral valve thrombosis complicating antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, successfully treated with thrombolysis.

    PubMed

    Chamsi-Pasha, Mohammed A; Alyousef, Tareq; Sayyed, Samer

    2014-10-01

    The incidence of bioprosthetic valve thrombosis and related embolic complications is extremely rare, obviating the need for long-term anticoagulation. As a result, experience in the diagnosis and treatment of bioprosthetic valve thrombosis is fairly limited. We report the first case of antiphospholipid antibody syndrome presenting as bioprosthetic mitral valve thrombosis, 15 months after valve replacement, and successfully treated with thrombolytic therapy.

  17. Pseudoaneurysm of the Inferior Epigastric Artery Successfully Treated by Ultrasound-guided Compression

    SciTech Connect

    Takase, Kei Kazama, Takuro; Abe, Kayoko; Chiba, Yoshihiro; Saito, Haruo; Takahashi, Shoki

    2004-09-15

    An 82-year-old woman underwent right hemicolectomy by median laparotomy. Two weeks later, a pulsatile mass was found at the left side of the surgical wound, which was diagnosed as pseudoaneurysm of the inferior epigastric artery by color Doppler US and CT. The pseudoaneurysm was successfully treated by US-guided compression of the neck of the aneurysm for 30 minutes. US-guided compression should be considered the treatment of choice for postsurgical pseudoaneurysm of the inferior epigastric artery.

  18. Synchronous anterior celiotomy and posterior drainage of pancreatic abscess.

    PubMed

    Berne, T V; Donovan, A J

    1981-05-01

    Pancreatic abscess has been characterized by a high rate of reoperation for persistent sepsis and by a high mortality. Nine patients with pancreatic abscess have undergone synchronous anterior celiotomy and posterior drainage following resection of the 12th rib. Pancreatic abscess was secondary to acute pancreatitis in seven of the cases. In two cases, the combined procedure was a secondary operation to treat abscess that developed following surgery for pancreatic trauma. All of these nine patients survived. One patient required reoperation for drainage of a left retrocolic abscess. A synchronous approach permits adequate exploration of the abdomen, provides the exposure necessary to remove necrotic tissue, and allows dependent drainage of the left subphrenic space without fear of splenic, pancreatic, or vascular injury.

  19. Brain abscess potentially secondary to odontogenic infection: case report.

    PubMed

    Yang, Joseph; Liu, Stanley Y; Hossaini-Zadeh, Mehran; Pogrel, M Anthony

    2014-02-01

    Odontogenic infections are rarely implicated in the causes of brain abscess formation. As such, there are very few reports of brain abscesses secondary to odontogenic infections in the literature. This is due partly to the relative rarity of brain abscesses but also to the difficulty in matching the causative organisms of a brain abscess to an odontogenic source. The authors report a case of a 50-year-old woman whose brain abscess may potentially have been secondary to an odontogenic infection. The patient's early diagnosis, supported by imaging and microbiologic assessment, along with early minicraniotomy and extraction of infected dentition followed by a course of cephalosporins and metronidazole, contributed to a successful outcome. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. A case of ocular toxocariasis successfully treated with albendazole and triamcinolon.

    PubMed

    Seong, San; Moon, Daruchi; Lee, Dong Kyu; Kim, Hyung Eun; Oh, Hyun Sup; Kim, Soon Hyun; Kwon, Oh Woong; You, Yong Sung

    2014-10-01

    We present a case of ocular toxocariasis treated successfully with oral albendazole in combination with steroids. A 26-year-old male visited the authors' clinic with the chief complaint of flying flies in his right eye. The fundus photograph showed a whitish epiretinal scar, and the fluorescein angiography revealed a hypofluorescein lesion of the scar and late leakage at the margin. An elevated retinal surface and posterior acoustic shadowing of the scar were observed in the optical coherence tomography, and Toxocara IgG was positive. The patient was diagnosed with toxocariasis, and the condition was treated with albendazole (400 mg twice a day) for a month and oral triamcinolone (16 mg for 2 weeks, once a day, and then 8 mg for 1 week, once a day) from day 13 of the albendazole treatment. The lesions decreased after the treatment. Based on this study, oral albendazole combined with steroids can be a simple and effective regimen for treating ocular toxocariasis.

  1. Unexpected lumbar abscess due to scarification wet cupping: a case report.

    PubMed

    Turtay, Muhammet Gokhan; Turgut, Kasım; Oguzturk, Hakan

    2014-08-01

    This case presents a rare cause of lumbar abscess. A 51-year-old male patient was admitted to the emergency department with a complaint of lumbar pain. Spinal magnetic resonance imaging revealed a lumbar abscess. The abscess was treated with drainage of the abscess and antibiotic. Scarification wet cupping therapy should be taken into consideration as a rare cause of lumbar abscesses in patients who present with skin findings indicative of scarification. Scarification wet cupping therapy practitioners must pay attention to hygienic measures. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Vancomycin penetration of a brain abscess: case report and review of the literature

    SciTech Connect

    Levy, R.M.; Gutin, P.H.; Baskin, D.S.; Pons, V.G.

    1986-05-01

    A 56-year-old man developed an abscess within a right parietal cystic anaplastic astrocytoma 3 days after removal of iodine-125 sources placed 9 days earlier for interstitial radiation therapy. After treatment with cephalosporin antibiotics proved unsuccessful, the patient was treated with intravenous vancomycin and intermittent percutaneous drainage of the abscess. Vancomycin levels obtained from the brain abscess fluid, both before and during later operative removal of the abscess, were 15 and 18 micrograms/ml, respectively; the serum vancomycin level was 21 micrograms/ml. This is the first report of the excellent penetration of vancomycin into brain abscess fluid.

  3. Pyogenic hepatic abscess secondary to endolumenal perforation of an ingested foreign body.

    PubMed

    Glick, Wesley A; Simo, Kerri A; Swan, Ryan Z; Sindram, David; Iannitti, David A; Martinie, John B

    2012-04-01

    Pyogenic hepatic abscess induced by foreign body perforation of the gastrointestinal tract is an increasing phenomenon. Pyogenic liver abscess in itself is a challenge to treat without the complication of a foreign body. A case of a patient who developed a pyogenic hepatic abscess after unknown ingestion of a toothpick that subsequently perforated the duodenum is presented, and a literature review of pyogenic hepatic abscesses secondary to ingestion of foreign bodies and their causes, diagnosis, and treatment was performed. Even with a thorough workup, often the diagnosis of a pyogenic hepatic abscess secondary to an endolumenal foreign body perforation is not obtained until the time of operation.

  4. A Rare Case of Fusobacterium Necrophorum Liver Abscesses

    PubMed Central

    Hannoodi, Faris; Sabbagh, Hussam; Kulairi, Zain; Kumar, Sarwan

    2017-01-01

    Liver abscesses are an uncommon disease that can present with vague symptoms. Fusobacterium necrophorum causing liver abscesses is a rare condition and only a few cases have been reported. An 88-year-old female presented to her primary care physician with one week of fevers, night sweats, chills, fatigue and vague right upper quadrant abdominal pain. She denied nausea, vomiting, constipation, diarrhea and unintentional weight loss. A computed tomography scan of the abdomen showed two liver abscesses in the right lobe as well as extensive diverticulosis. Percutaneous drainage was performed and draining catheters were placed in the abscesses. Culture of the abscess fluid grew Fusobacterium necrophorum. She was treated with ceftriaxone and metronidazole as per sensitivities. Rare cases of F. necrophorum hepatic abscesses have been published. The source of infection described in reported cases included hematogenous spread from dental caries/peritonsillar abscess and those involving the gastrointestinal tract resulting from inflammation of the bowel wall or from inflamed diverticuli via the portal circulation. In one study, thirteen cases of liver abscess due to F. necrophorum were studied, and two of these cases had diverticular disease without inflammation. PMID:28243433

  5. Extradural frontal abscess complicating nasal septal abscess in a child.

    PubMed

    Thomson, C J; Berkowitz, R G

    1998-10-02

    Nasal septal abscess (NSA) is an uncommon sequel to minor nasal trauma. Abscess extension beyond the nasal cavity is rarely documented. A case of a 10-year-old boy who presented with a NSA associated with a large extradural frontal abscess is presented and indications for CT scanning in the workup of pediatric patients with NSA is discussed.

  6. Successfully treated descending necrotizing mediastinitis through thoracotomy using a pedicled muscular serratus anterior flap.

    PubMed

    Haremza, Céline; De Dominicis, Florence; Merlusca, Geoni; Berna, Pascal

    2011-10-01

    Descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM) is rare and aggressive. A 68-year-old female with no medical history, was admitted to our institution for cervical cellulitis. After a conventional medical treatment, multiple abscesses of the upper mediastinum appeared on computed tomography (CT) findings. Although two cervicotomies were performed, a new necrotic abscess appeared in the anterior upper and middle mediastinum. An extensive debridement of cellulitis and abscess extended to the pericardium was made by thoracotomy. Middle mediastinum and pericardium were covered and reconstructed by a right pedicled serratus anterior flap. After radical surgery, follow-up was uneventful. Early extensive and complete debridement of cervical and mediastinal collections and irrigation with broad-spectrum intravenous antibiotics is essential. Combined surgery is the best approach in DNM. The use of a pedicled muscular flap helps control the sepsis. In such cases, serratus anterior flap is a flap of choice because it is reliable and always available even in a skinny patient, contrary to omentum. In this life-threatening disease, an early aggressive combined surgery with debridement of all necrotic tissues extended to the pericardium if necessary associated with a pedicled flap is mandatory.

  7. Anaerobic brain abscess

    PubMed Central

    Sudhaharan, Sukanya; Chavali, Padmasri

    2016-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Brain abscess remains a potentially fatal central nervous system (CNS) disease, especially in developing countries. Anaerobic abscess is difficult to diagnose because of cumbersome procedures associated with the isolation of anaerobes. Materials and Methods: This is a hospital-based retrospective microbiological analysis of 430 brain abscess materials (purulent aspirates and/or tissue), for anaerobic organisms, that were received between 1987–2014, by the Microbiology Laboratory in our Institute. Results: Culture showed growth of bacteria 116/430 (27%) of the cases of which anaerobes were isolated in 48/116 (41.1%) of the cases. Peptostreptococcus (51.4 %), was the predominant organism isolated in four cases followed by Bacteroides and Peptococcus species. Conclusion: Early diagnosis and detection of these organisms would help in the appropriate management of these patients. PMID:27307977

  8. Adult multisystem langerhans cell histiocytosis presenting with central diabetes insipidus successfully treated with chemotherapy.

    PubMed

    Choi, Jung-Eun; Lee, Hae Ri; Ohn, Jung Hun; Moon, Min Kyong; Park, Juri; Lee, Seong Jin; Choi, Moon-Gi; Yoo, Hyung Joon; Kim, Jung Han; Hong, Eun-Gyoung

    2014-09-01

    We report the rare case of an adult who was diagnosed with recurrent multisystem Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) involving the pituitary stalk and lung who present with central diabetes insipidus and was successfully treated with systemic steroids and chemotherapy. A 49-year-old man visited our hospital due to symptoms of polydipsia and polyuria that started 1 month prior. Two years prior to presentation, he underwent excision of right 6th and 7th rib lesions for the osteolytic lesion and chest pain, which were later confirmed to be LCH on pathology. After admission, the water deprivation test was done and the result indicated that he had central diabetes insipidus. Sella magnetic resonance imaging showed a mass on the pituitary stalk with loss of normal bright spot at the posterior lobe of the pituitary. Multiple patchy infiltrations were detected in both lung fields by computed tomography (CT). He was diagnosed with recurrent LCH and was subsequently treated with inhaled desmopressin, systemic steroids, vinblastine, and mercaptopurine. The pituitary mass disappeared after two months and both lungs were clear on chest CT after 11 months. Although clinical remission in multisystem LCH in adults is reportedly rare, our case of adult-onset multisystem LCH was treated successfully with systemic chemotherapy using prednisolone, vinblastine, and 6-mercaptopurine, which was well tolerated.

  9. Spinal epidural abscess.

    PubMed

    Johnson, Katherine G

    2013-09-01

    Spinal epidural abscess is a rare bacterial infection located within the spinal canal. Early diagnosis and rapid treatment are important because of its potential to cause rapidly progressive spinal cord compression and irreversible paralysis. A staphylococcus bacterial infection is the cause in most cases. Treatment includes antibiotics and possible surgical drainage of the abscess. A favorable neurologic outcome correlates with the severity and duration of neurologic deficits before surgery and the timeliness of the chosen intervention. It is important for the critical care nurse to monitor the patient's neurologic status and provide appropriate interventions.

  10. Establishment and early succession of bacterial communities in monochloramine-treated drinking water biofilms.

    PubMed

    Revetta, Randy P; Gomez-Alvarez, Vicente; Gerke, Tammie L; Curioso, Claudine; Santo Domingo, Jorge W; Ashbolt, Nicholas J

    2013-12-01

    Monochloramine is an increasingly used drinking water disinfectant and has been shown to increase nitrifying bacteria and mycobacteria in drinking waters. The potential successions and development of these bacteria were examined by 16S rRNA gene clone libraries generated from various biofilms within a water distribution system simulator. Biofilms were obtained from in-line and off-line devices using borosilicate glass beads, along with polycarbonate coupons from annular reactors incubated for up to 8 months in monochloramine-treated drinking water. No significant difference in community structures was observed between biofilm devices and coupon material; however, all biofilm communities that developed on different devices underwent similar successions over time. Early stages of biofilm formation were dominated by Serratia (29%), Cloacibacterium (23%), Diaphorobacter (16%), and Pseudomonas (7%), while Mycobacterium-like phylotypes were the most predominant populations (> 27%) in subsequent months. The development of members of the nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) after 3 months may impact individuals with predisposing conditions, while nitrifiers (related to Nitrospira moscoviensis and Nitrosospira multiformis) could impact water quality. Overall, 90% of the diversity in all the clone library samples was associated with the phyla Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, and Bacteroidetes. These results provide an ecological insight into biofilm bacterial successions in monochloramine-treated drinking water.

  11. IMP-6 Carbapenemase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae Bacteremia Successfully Treated with Amikacin-Meropenem in Two Patients.

    PubMed

    Nakakura, Ichiro; Ogawa, Yoshihiko; Sakakura, Kota; Imanishi, Kaori; Hirota, Kazuyuki; Shimatani, Yasuaki; Uehira, Tomoko; Nakamori, Shoji; Sako, Rumi; Doi, Toshiyuki; Yamazaki, Kunio

    2017-07-12

    Infections caused by carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) are becoming increasingly common worldwide. Although CPE infections can be fatal, few reports in the literature have described effective and successful treatments for infectious diseases caused by several types of IMP CPE, and, to our knowledge, no reports have described the successful treatment of IMP-6 CPE infections. We describe two patients who developed bacteremia caused by IMP-6 CPE after surgery for cancer who were successfully treated with amikacin plus high-dose prolonged-infusion meropenem. Both patients were treated over a 2-week period using amikacin 15 mg/kg at various intervals based on therapeutic drug monitoring and meropenem 2000 mg infused over 3 hours every 12 hours. The dosages of amikacin and meropenem were determined based on the creatinine clearance of each patient. Both patients were cured of their bacteremia and did not experience any antibiotic-related adverse effects. Based on the outcomes of these patients, it appears that amikacin plus high-dose prolonged-infusion meropenem may be safe and effective for the treatment of bacteremia caused by IMP-6 CPE. © 2017 Pharmacotherapy Publications, Inc.

  12. Open craniotomy for brain abscess: A forgotten experience?

    PubMed Central

    Gadgil, Nisha; Patel, Akash J.; Gopinath, Shankar P.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Brain abscess carries a high morbidity and mortality despite medical advances. In this paper, we present a single institution's experience with the surgical treatment of brain abscess. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 33 cases of intracranial abscess who underwent surgical treatment between January 2001 and December 2009. Patients were treated with aspiration through a single burr hole, open aspiration with ultrasound guidance, or complete abscess resection. The medical records were analyzed for demographics, clinical presentation, predisposing factors, imaging, microbiological investigations, treatment, and outcomes. Results: There were 26 male and 7 female patients, aged between 12 and 78 years. The most common predisposing factor was head trauma. Surgical excision of the abscess was performed in 22 patients, open aspiration in 9 patients, and burr-hole aspiration in 2 patients. Repeat surgical procedure was required in six patients. Mortality in this series was 21%. A favorable outcome (Glasgow outcome scale 4 and 5) was achieved in 54%. There was no significant correlation between outcome and age, predisposing factor, treatment modality, or culture results. Conclusions: In this series, most patients were treated with an open technique, either by surgical excision or open aspiration of brain abscess. An open technique may reduce the need for additional imaging, surgical treatment, and length of antibiotic therapy. In resource-limited settings, excision of brain abscess may play a more important role in patient management while maintaining favorable outcomes. PMID:23607056

  13. Evaluation of holmium laser for transurethral deroofing of severe and multiloculated prostatic abscesses.

    PubMed

    Lee, Chan Ho; Ku, Ja Yoon; Park, Young Joo; Lee, Jeong Zoo; Shin, Dong Gil

    2015-02-01

    Our objective was to evaluate the use of a holmium laser for transurethral deroofing of a prostatic abscess in patients with severe and multiloculated prostatic abscesses. From January 2011 to April 2014, eight patients who were diagnosed with prostatic abscesses and who underwent transurethral holmium laser deroofing at Pusan National University Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Multiloculated or multifocal abscess cavities were found on the preoperative computed tomography (CT) scan in all eight patients. All patients who underwent transurethral holmium laser deroofing of a prostatic abscess had successful outcomes, without the need for secondary surgery. Of the eight patients, seven underwent holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) for the removal of residual adenoma. Markedly reduced multiloculated abscess cavities were found in the follow-up CT in all patients. No prostatic abscess recurrence was found. Transient stress urinary incontinence was observed in three patients. The stress urinary incontinence subsided within 3 weeks in two patients and improved with conservative management within 2 months in the remaining patient. Transurethral holmium laser deroofing of prostatic abscesses ensures successful drainage of the entire abscess cavity. Because we resolved the predisposing conditions of prostatic abscess, such as bladder outlet obstruction and prostatic calcification, by simultaneously conducting HoLEP, there was no recurrence of the prostatic abscesses after surgery. We recommend our method in patients requiring transurethral drainage.

  14. Evaluation of holmium laser for transurethral deroofing of severe and multiloculated prostatic abscesses

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Chan Ho; Ku, Ja Yoon; Park, Young Joo; Lee, Jeong Zoo

    2015-01-01

    Purpose Our objective was to evaluate the use of a holmium laser for transurethral deroofing of a prostatic abscess in patients with severe and multiloculated prostatic abscesses. Materials and Methods From January 2011 to April 2014, eight patients who were diagnosed with prostatic abscesses and who underwent transurethral holmium laser deroofing at Pusan National University Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Results Multiloculated or multifocal abscess cavities were found on the preoperative computed tomography (CT) scan in all eight patients. All patients who underwent transurethral holmium laser deroofing of a prostatic abscess had successful outcomes, without the need for secondary surgery. Of the eight patients, seven underwent holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) for the removal of residual adenoma. Markedly reduced multiloculated abscess cavities were found in the follow-up CT in all patients. No prostatic abscess recurrence was found. Transient stress urinary incontinence was observed in three patients. The stress urinary incontinence subsided within 3 weeks in two patients and improved with conservative management within 2 months in the remaining patient. Conclusions Transurethral holmium laser deroofing of prostatic abscesses ensures successful drainage of the entire abscess cavity. Because we resolved the predisposing conditions of prostatic abscess, such as bladder outlet obstruction and prostatic calcification, by simultaneously conducting HoLEP, there was no recurrence of the prostatic abscesses after surgery. We recommend our method in patients requiring transurethral drainage. PMID:25685303

  15. Chronic depression treated successfully with novel taping therapy: a new approach to the treatment of depression

    PubMed Central

    Han, Chang Hyun; Hwang, Hwa Soo; Lee, Young Joon; Lee, Sang Nam; Abanes, Jane J; Lee, Bong Hyo

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Despite improved research in the treatment, depression remains difficult to treat. Till date, successful treatment of depression using taping therapy has not been known yet. We report cases where patients with severe depressive symptoms were successfully treated by taping therapy, a new approach. Methods In case 1, a patient was taking several psychiatric medications for 10 years and admitted often to the psychiatric hospital with a leaning head, flexible legs, and nearly closed eyes; in case 2, a patient after a hysterectomy complained with heart palpitations, depressive- and anxiety-like behaviors, insomnia, and gastrointestinal problems; and in case 3, a patient with complaints of adverse effects from antidepressant medications had suicidal thoughts frequently. The medical tapes were placed on acupoints, trigger points, and pain points found by finger pressing examination in the chest, sides, and upper back of the patients. Results In case 1, the patient started weeping immediately after the first treatment. He discontinued psychiatric drugs and returned to baseline functioning after 2 months. In case 2, the patient felt at ease showing decreased palpitation immediately after the first treatment, and after 1 week, she quit medications. In case 3, the patient experienced a sense of calmness following the first treatment and recovered from her symptoms after 2 weeks. Conclusion These results suggest the following key points: examination of acupoints and trigger points of chest, sides, and upper back is useful in the assessment of depression; regulating bioelectric currents on these points is helpful in the treatment of depression; and depression can be treated successfully with taping therapy. PMID:27330295

  16. Refractory Scedosporium apiospermum Keratitis Successfully Treated with Combination of Amphotericin B and Voriconazole

    PubMed Central

    Fadzillah, Mohd-Tahir; Ishak, Siti-Raihan; Ibrahim, Mohtar

    2013-01-01

    Aim. To report a case of refractory fungal keratitis caused by Scedosporium apiospermum. Methods. Interventional case report. Results. A 47-year-old Malay housewife presented with left eye cornea ulcer as her first presentation of diabetes mellitus. There was no history of ocular trauma, contact lens used, or cornea foreign body. Scedosporium apiospermum was isolated from the cornea scrapping. Her cornea ulcer initially responded well to topical Amphotericin B within 3 days but subsequently worsened. Repeat cornea scrapping also yields Scedosporium apiospermum. This refractory keratitis was successfully treated with a combination of topical Amphotericin B and Voriconazole over 6 weeks. Conclusion. Scedosporium apiospermum keratitis is an opportunistic infection, which is difficult to treat despite tight control of diabetes mellitus and intensive antifungal treatment. The infection appeared to have very quick onset but needed long duration of treatment to completely heal. Surgical debridement always plays an important role as a therapeutic procedure as well as establishes the diagnosis through repeat scrapping. PMID:23509650

  17. Primary adenocarcinoma of the vagina successfully treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy consisting of paclitaxel and carboplatin.

    PubMed

    Takemoto, Shuji; Ushijima, Kimio; Nakaso, Kazumi; Fujiyoshi, Naoki; Kamura, Toshiharu

    2009-06-01

    Primary vaginal adenocarcinoma unassociated with antenatal diethylstilbestrol (DES) exposure is extremely rare. The strategy for treating this disease has not yet been established due to its rarity and, therefore, the prognosis remains poor. A 69-year-old woman presented with vaginal bleeding but no history of antenatal DES exposure. She had a solid tumor in the recto-vaginal space, diagnosed as FIGO stage III vaginal adenocarcinoma. After neoadjuvant chemotherapy consisting of paclitaxel and carboplatin, the tumor became undetectable. Thereafter, radiotherapy was applied to the pelvis and vagina in order to reinforce the state of remission. The patient remains free from recurrence 1 year after discharge. The present case was successfully treated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy, suggesting that chemotherapy may be an option for the treatment of this type of tumor.

  18. Refractory Scedosporium apiospermum Keratitis Successfully Treated with Combination of Amphotericin B and Voriconazole.

    PubMed

    Fadzillah, Mohd-Tahir; Ishak, Siti-Raihan; Ibrahim, Mohtar

    2013-01-01

    Aim. To report a case of refractory fungal keratitis caused by Scedosporium apiospermum. Methods. Interventional case report. Results. A 47-year-old Malay housewife presented with left eye cornea ulcer as her first presentation of diabetes mellitus. There was no history of ocular trauma, contact lens used, or cornea foreign body. Scedosporium apiospermum was isolated from the cornea scrapping. Her cornea ulcer initially responded well to topical Amphotericin B within 3 days but subsequently worsened. Repeat cornea scrapping also yields Scedosporium apiospermum. This refractory keratitis was successfully treated with a combination of topical Amphotericin B and Voriconazole over 6 weeks. Conclusion. Scedosporium apiospermum keratitis is an opportunistic infection, which is difficult to treat despite tight control of diabetes mellitus and intensive antifungal treatment. The infection appeared to have very quick onset but needed long duration of treatment to completely heal. Surgical debridement always plays an important role as a therapeutic procedure as well as establishes the diagnosis through repeat scrapping.

  19. Invasive maxillary sinus aspergillosis: A case report successfully treated with voriconazole and surgical debridement

    PubMed Central

    Redondo-González, Luis-Miguel; Verrier-Hernández, Alberto

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Invasive aspergillosis of the paranasal sinuses is a rare disease and often misdiagnosed; however, its incidence has seen substancial growth over the past 2 decades. Definitive diagnosis of these lesions is based on histological examination and fungal culture. Case Report: An 81-year-old woman with a history of pain in the left maxillary region is presented. The diagnosis was invasive maxillary aspergillosis in immunocompetent patient, which was successfully treated with voriconazole and surgical debridement. Possible clinical manifestations, diagnostic imaging techniques and treatment used are discussed. Since the introduction of voriconazole, there have been several reports of patients with invasive aspergillosis who responded to treatment with this new antifungal agent. Conclusions: We report the importance of early diagnosis and selection of an appropriate antifungal agent to achieve a successful treatment. Key words:Invasive aspergillosis, voriconazole, fungal sinusitis, antifungal agent, open sinus surgery. PMID:25593673

  20. Perforated Meckel's diverticulum containing a carcinoid tumor successfully treated by the laparoscopic approach: Case report

    PubMed Central

    Curbelo-Peña, Yuhamy; Dardano-Berriel, Juan; Guedes-De la Puente, Xavier; Saladich-Cubero, Maria; Stickar, Tomas; De Caralt-Mestres, Enric

    2016-01-01

    Mekel's diverticulum is a gastrointestinal malformation. Occurs in one of every 40 patients. It is usually asymptomatic whereas complications can be developed in 2% to 4%. The report is based on a 41-year old male, who attended to emergency, complaining of right lower quadrant abdominal pain. Blood tests showed high level of inflammatory markers. With acute appendicitis as presumptive diagnosis, laparoscopy was performed. The intraoperative findings were: a perforated Mekel's diverticulum with normal cecal appendix. Mechanical diverticular resection was made. The patient was successfully recovered from surgery. Histopathology examination showed: Meckel's diverticulum perforated with acute inflammation and neuroendocrine tumor (G1) pT1. Mekel's diverticulum is rarely affected by inflammatory complications and just few cases are associated with tumors. However, has ever been described before, coexisting both situations, being our patient the first reported with this exceptional clinical presentation, and treated successfully by laparoscopic approach. PMID:27251847

  1. Dural Arteriovenous Fistula Presenting with Status Epilepticus Treated Successfully with Endovascular Intervention.

    PubMed

    Lee, Chun-Yu; Yeh, Shin-Joe; Tsai, Li-Kai; Tang, Sung-Chun; Jeng, Jiann-Shing

    2015-06-01

    Status epilepticus was rarely reported as the initial manifestation of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas. Successful treatment with endovascular intervention has not been reported in the literature. We report three cases of dural arteriovenous fistulas initially presenting with various types of status epilepticus, including generalized tonic-clonic status epilepticus, complex partial status epilepticus, and nonconvulsive status epilepticus. The status epilepticus of these patients was successfully terminated through aggressive endovascular intervention in conjunction with antiepileptic drugs. These cases highlight the importance of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas in diagnosing patients with status epilepticus. Moreover, directly treating dural arteriovenous fistulas plays a crucial role in addition to anti-epileptic drugs therapy in controlling seizures in patients with dural arteriovenous fistulas related status epilepticus.

  2. Plasma cell cheilitis, successfully treated with topical 0.03% tacrolimus ointment.

    PubMed

    Jin, Seon Pil; Cho, Kwang Hyun; Huh, Chang Hun

    2010-05-01

    Plasma cell cheilitis is a rare, idiopathic mucosal condition. The treatment of plasma cell cheilitis is often disappointing. It is often resistant to various topical treatments. We present a 65-year-old woman who had a painful, eroded area on her lower lip, which responded poorly to various topical treatments. A biopsy revealed a band-like infiltration composed mainly of plasma cells in the dermis. She was diagnosed as having plasma cell cheilitis, and was successfully treated with 0.03% topical tacrolimus ointment.

  3. Young male patient diagnosed with cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa successfully treated with etanercept.

    PubMed

    Valor, Lara; Monteagudo, Indalecio; de la Torre, Inmaculada; Fernández, Carlos González; Montoro, María; Longo, Javier López; Carreño, Luis

    2014-07-01

    Cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa (CPAN) is a form of necrotizing vasculitis of small and medium-sized arteries. It is limited to the skin and has a recurrent and chronic course, possibly associated with fever, arthralgia, myalgia and neuropathy, but without visceral involvement. We report the clinical case of a 7-year-old male patient with CPAN refractory to treatment with high doses of corticoids and cyclophosphamide, who was successfully treated with the TNF-α (tumor necrosis factor-alpha) inhibitor, etanercept, in monotherapy.

  4. Young male patient diagnosed with cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa successfully treated with etanercept.

    PubMed

    Valor, Lara; Monteagudo, Indalecio; de la Torre, Inmaculada; Fernández, Carlos González; Montoro, María; Longo, Javier López; Carreño, Luis

    2013-01-30

    Cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa (CPAN) is a form of necrotizing vasculitis of small and medium-sized arteries. It is limited to the skin and has a recurrent and chronic course, possibly associated with fever, arthralgia, myalgia and neuropathy, but without visceral involvement. We report the clinical case of a 7-year-old male patient with CPAN refractory to treatment with high doses of corticoids and cyclophosphamide, who was successfully treated with the TNF-α (tumor necrosis factor-alpha) inhibitor, etanercept, in monotherapy.

  5. Refractory major depression successfully treated with electroconvulsive therapy in a patient with Addison disease.

    PubMed

    Heijnen, Willemijn T C J; Pluijms, Esther M; Birkenhager, Tom K

    2013-06-01

    This report describes a 55-year-old woman who had 1 previous episode of major depression that responded favorably to treatment with tricyclic antidepressants. After the development of Addison disease, she experienced a new episode of major depression that failed to respond to adequate treatment with imipramine and was subsequently successfully treated with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) with steroid cover. The patient did not experience adrenal crisis or adverse effects. After 9 ECT sessions, she attained full remission. These findings support the suggestion that ECT treatment is safe in patients with Addison disease when using 100 mg intravenous hydrocortisone as prophylaxis.

  6. [A case of emphysematous pyelonephritis successfully treated by endotoxin absorption therapy and transurethral retrograde drainage].

    PubMed

    Tokuyama, Yoshiko; Fujita, Tetsuo; Hirayama, Takahiro; Matsushita, Kazuhito; Iwamura, Masatsugu; Baba, Shiro

    2009-07-01

    A 73-year-old male, who had undergone hormonal therapy due to stage D2 prostate cancer, complained of fever up and appetite loss. Abdominal computed tomography showed emphysematous pyelonephritis and right ureteral stone. At first, we could not perform any surgical treatment due to disseminated intravascular coagulation and septic shock. After endotoxin absorption therapy, we performed transurethral retrograde drainage, and successfully treated the emphysematous pyelonephritis. Endotoxin absorption therapy should be performed before surgical treatment in cases of emphysematous pyelonephritis with severe general condition.

  7. A Case of Fascioliasis Treated Successfully Without Sequelae in a Japanese Expatriate Living in Jakarta

    PubMed Central

    Norizuki, Masataro; Sasahara, Teppei; Gomi, Harumi; Morisawa, Yuji; Takamura, Noriko; Kenzaka, Tsuneaki; Kobayashi, Tetsuro; Fujiya, Yoshihiro; Kato, Yasuyuki; Matsuoka, Hiroyuki

    2015-01-01

    A 46-year-old Japanese female expatriate living in Jakarta presented with intermittent fever lasting for a month. Although she was considered at low risk of Fasciola spp. infection because she lived in an upper-class residential area of the city, the patient presented with eosinophilia after consuming organic raw vegetables; in addition, contrast-enhanced computed tomography detected microabscesses in a tractlike pattern in the liver. These findings led to an early diagnosis of fascioliasis, which was successfully treated without sequelae. In any patient with a history of consuming raw vegetables, fascioliasis should be suspected regardless of where the patient has lived. PMID:26309420

  8. A massive neglected giant basal cell carcinoma in a schizophrenic patient treated successfully with vismodegib.

    PubMed

    Andersen, Rosa Marie; Lei, Ulrikke

    2015-01-01

    The small molecule vismodegib is a great treatment alternative to patients challenged, e.g. psychiatric disorders, suffering from severe basal cell carcinoma of the skin in which surgery or other treatment modalities is not possible because of patient's wish or condition. We present a case of a 73-year-old schizophrenic patient with a 15-year history of a neglected tumour located at the forehead and scalp, admitted to hospital in a state of inanition because of tumour expansion to the meninges and severe anaemia caused by bleeding, treated successfully with vismodegib.

  9. [Pneumatosis Coli Treated with Metronidazole and Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy: A Successful Case].

    PubMed

    Costa, Mariana; Morgado, Carolina; Andrade, David; Guerreiro, Francisco; Coimbra, João

    2015-01-01

    Pneumatosis intestinalis, characterized by the presence of gas within the bowel wall, is an uncommon condition with variable presentation. It may be idiopathic or secondary to other diseases. A computed tomography scan is the most sensitive method for diagnosis. In the absence of signs and symptoms of complications, such as perforation and peritonitis, pneumatosis intestinalis can be managed conservatively. We present the case of a 59-year-old woman with pneumatosis coli secondary to benign ovary teratoma. After surgery she remained symptomatic and was successfully treated with metronidazole and hyperbaric oxygen therapy.

  10. Attributes common to programs that successfully treat high-need, high-cost individuals.

    PubMed

    Anderson, Gerard F; Ballreich, Jeromie; Bleich, Sara; Boyd, Cynthia; DuGoff, Eva; Leff, Bruce; Salzburg, Claudia; Wolff, Jennifer

    2015-11-01

    Using literature review and interviews, we have identified 8 attributes of programs, such as accountable care organizations, readmission initiatives, special needs plans, care transition programs, and patient-centered medical homes, that successfully treat high-need, high-cost patients. These 8 attributes--illustrated here with specific examples--are specific ways to target these types of individuals, promote leadership at various levels, emphasize interaction with the care coordinator, use data strategically to refine the program, update the program periodically, allow physicians to spend more time with patients, and promote interaction among clinicians and high-need, high cost patients and their families.

  11. [A case of Paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy successfully treated with duloxetine].

    PubMed

    Nagashima, Satoshi; Kiba, Takayoshi; Ogawa, Yoshikazu; Mura, Takuya; Kajiume, Sayoko; Okada, Yuuko; Morii, Nao; Takahashi, Hirotoshi; Ichiba, Yasunori; Yamashiro, Hiroyasu

    2015-05-01

    Here, we report about a 60-year-old woman with metastatic breast cancer who was successfully treated for paclitaxelinduced peripheral neuropathy with duloxetine. She was administered trastuzumab plus paclitaxel(PTX)combination therapy that was ultimately discontinued because of grade 3 peripheral neuropathy detected on day 15, according to the CTCAE (v4.0). She was administered duloxetine on day 90 after the end of the previous therapy because of the peripheral neuropathy. Thereafter, the peripheral neuropathy decreased to grade 1, which enabled PTX administration on her request. Further trials are required to confirm the efficacy of duloxetine.

  12. Nocardia abscessus-related intracranial aneurysm of the internal carotid artery with associated brain abscess: A case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Farran, Yvette; Antony, Suresh

    2016-01-01

    Nocardia infections primarily begin in the lungs and spread hematogenously to other sites in the body. Thus, a Nocardia brain abscess is not a completely uncommon occurrence. However, a Nocardia brain abscess complicated by a middle cerebral artery and infectious intracranial aneurysm is a very rare clinical entity. We present a case of an infectious intracranial aneurysm with an associated Nocardia brain abscess that required surgical intervention and resection. The patient was an immunocompetent 60-year-old male who presented with a chief complaint of headache and was found to have an infected intracranial aneurysm and cerebral abscess. He underwent drainage of the abscess with subsequent resection of the infected aneurysm. Cultures from both the blood vessel and brain tissue grew Nocardia abscessus. He was successfully treated with 6 weeks of ceftriaxone and high-dose trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. Infectious intracranial aneurysms of the brain caused by Nocardia are rare occurrences, and only a single previous case has been described in the literature. The outcomes of this condition can be catastrophic if it is not treated with a combination of surgery and intravenous antibiotics. The guidelines for the management of this infection are not well defined at this time. Copyright © 2015 King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Treated pulmonary arteriovenous malformations: patterns of persistence and associated retreatment success.

    PubMed

    Woodward, Catherine S; Pyeritz, Reed E; Chittams, Jessie L; Trerotola, Scott O

    2013-12-01

    To determine the relative frequencies of persistence patterns in treated pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) and to assess whether there is a difference in retreatment outcomes between PAVMs persisting via recanalization and those persisting via reperfusion. Between May 2003 and May 2011, 23 patients (10 male, 13 female; mean age, 44 years ± 18 [standard deviation]; age range, 12-72 years) who had PAVM embolization, persistence by computed tomography (CT), and a follow-up pulmonary arteriogram were included. This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board and was fully HIPAA compliant. PAVMs were categorized as having recanalization, defined as persistence maintained by flow through a previously placed coil nest; reperfusion, defined as persistence through small feeders from adjacent normal pulmonary arteries; or incomplete treatment. Fifty-three persistent PAVMs were characterized; 38 of which had postretreatment CT data (median follow-up, 1 year). The retreatment success rate, defined by sac shrinkage on CT images, was assessed. Recanalization was the most common pattern, occurring in 91% (n = 48) of 53 PAVMs. Pulmonary-to-pulmonary reperfusion occurred in 24% (n = 13) of 53 PAVMs. Angioarchitecture, coil-sac distance, coil number, and feeder diameter did not significantly differ between recanalized and reperfused PAVMs. There was a significant (P = .014) difference in retreatment success; retreatment was successful in 84% (n = 27) of 32 recanalized PAVMs but only 44% (n = 4) of nine reperfused PAVMs. Recanalization through previously placed coils is the most common pattern of PAVM persistence and responds best to retreatment. Pulmonary-to-pulmonary reperfusion is less common and more difficult to re-treat successfully. Online supplemental material is available for this article. © RSNA, 2013.

  14. Cat-scratch disease presenting as a solitary splenic abscess in an elderly man.

    PubMed

    Nakamura, Momoko; Kurimoto, Mio; Kato, Takehiro; Kunieda, Takeshige

    2015-03-24

    Patients with cat-scratch disease (CSD), which is caused by Bartonella henselae, typically present with local lymphadenopathy with a brief period of fever and general symptoms. Most cases are self-limiting and usually afflict children and young adults. Although rare, CSD can lead to serious complications, especially in immunocompromised patients. These rare complications often require intensive treatment. We describe the case of a 79-year-old man who presented with general malaise and a high fever. The physical examination findings were unremarkable. Of note, the lymph nodes were not enlarged. An abdominal CT scan with intravenous contrast revealed a solitary splenic abscess and no lymphadenopathy. The initial antibiotic treatment was ineffective and a splenectomy was indicated. A history of contact with cats raised the possibility of CSD, which was confirmed by a positive serology test result for B henselae. Antibiotic treatment with azithromycin successfully treated the splenic abscess and splenectomy was avoided. 2015 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.

  15. Cat-scratch disease presenting as a solitary splenic abscess in an elderly man

    PubMed Central

    Nakamura, Momoko; Kurimoto, Mio; Kato, Takehiro; Kunieda, Takeshige

    2015-01-01

    Patients with cat-scratch disease (CSD), which is caused by Bartonella henselae, typically present with local lymphadenopathy with a brief period of fever and general symptoms. Most cases are self-limiting and usually afflict children and young adults. Although rare, CSD can lead to serious complications, especially in immunocompromised patients. These rare complications often require intensive treatment. We describe the case of a 79-year-old man who presented with general malaise and a high fever. The physical examination findings were unremarkable. Of note, the lymph nodes were not enlarged. An abdominal CT scan with intravenous contrast revealed a solitary splenic abscess and no lymphadenopathy. The initial antibiotic treatment was ineffective and a splenectomy was indicated. A history of contact with cats raised the possibility of CSD, which was confirmed by a positive serology test result for B henselae. Antibiotic treatment with azithromycin successfully treated the splenic abscess and splenectomy was avoided. PMID:25804947

  16. Percutaneous Abscess Drainage

    MedlinePlus

    ... the local anesthetic is injected. Most of the sensation is at the skin incision site which is numbed using local anesthetic. ... open surgical drainage. Risks Any procedure where the skin is penetrated ... organ may be damaged by percutaneous abscess drainage. Occasionally ...

  17. Pyogenic liver abscess

    PubMed Central

    Webb, Gwilym James; Chapman, Thomas Patrick; Cadman, Philip John; Gorard, David Angelo

    2014-01-01

    Pyogenic liver abscess has a variable clinical presentation. Its management requires input from several disciplines and is often coordinated by a gastroenterologist. This review examines demographics, clinical presentation, aetiology, diagnosis and prognosis; a suggested management approach, including antibiotic selection, radiological intervention and indications for surgery, is offered from a physician's perspective. PMID:28839753

  18. An enlarged intramuscular venous malformation in the femoral region successfully treated with complete resection

    PubMed Central

    Murakami, Takuo; Ogata, Dai; Miyano, Kyohei; Tsuchida, Tetsuya

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Intramuscular venous malformations have been previously described as intramuscular hemangiomas, and various therapies have been applied for their treatment. This condition is relatively rare, and therefore, physicians often struggle to determine the appropriate therapy. We presented a case of an enlarged intramuscular venous malformation relapsed after surgery successfully treated with complete resection. Presentation of case We presented a case of an enlarged intramuscular venous malformation with postoperative recurrence successfully treated with complete resection. A 63-year-old woman presented with a subcutaneous mass in the right distal thigh. She experienced swelling in the right thigh 19 years previously and was diagnosed with a venous aneurysm. Three-dimensional CT angiography confirmed the presence of an irregular vessel assumed to be the feeding vessel, which was dendritically branched from the deep femoral artery. We performed surgical complete resection. Her pain and gait disturbance improved after surgery, and she has not experienced recurrence of the mass for the past 2 years. Discussion Conservative therapy is initially used for venous malformations. Sclerotherapy, laser therapy, or surgical resection is considered after low-dose aspirin therapy, in combination with the use of compressive garments. Surgical resection is indicated for completely resectable lesions and is appropriate for large lesions in terms of cosmetic benefit. However, partial resection may result in excessive bleeding or postoperative recurrence. Conclusion The therapy for venous malformations should be decided based on the degree of disability in daily living, adjacent tissue damage, and cosmetic concerns after appropriate differential diagnostic investigations and biopsy. PMID:26945489

  19. Linear porokeratosis with multiple squamous cell carcinomas successfully treated by electrochemotherapy.

    PubMed

    Sommerlad, M; Lock, A; Moir, G; McGregor, J; Bull, R; Cerio, R; Harwood, C

    2016-12-01

    Porokeratosis is a clonal epidermal disorder of keratinization characterized by annular lesions with an atrophic centre and a hyperkeratotic edge. The cornoid lamella is the histopathological hallmark. Six clinical variants are recognized: porokeratosis of Mibelli; disseminated superficial porokeratosis; disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis (DSAP); porokeratosis plantaris et palmaris disseminata; punctate porokeratosis and linear porokeratosis. Linear porokeratosis is the type most frequently associated with malignant transformation into squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). It is thought to represent a mosaic form of DSAP and has an incidence of less than 1 in 200 000; treatment options are limited. We describe a patient with systematized linear porokeratosis and multiple SCCs who was successfully treated with bleomycin electrochemotherapy (ECT), a form of intralesional chemotherapy. In view of their large number, the individual SCCs were treated with bleomycin ECT. One year post-treatment the patient remains tumour free. To our knowledge, this is the first case of multiple SCCs treated by ECT in the context of systematized linear porokeratosis. Our case highlights the challenges associated with diagnosing and managing this unusual form of porokeratosis.

  20. Hepatic metastasis complicated by abscess formation.

    PubMed

    Yi, Liao; Lihua, Qiu; Xianming, Diao; Qiyong, Gong

    2015-01-01

    Hepatic abscesses and hepatic metastasis are common diseases. However, hepatic abscesses seldom occur in patients with hepatic metastases. We describe a case of a 67-year-old female patient with abdominal pain in the right upper quadrant. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed several lesions, with the largest lesion displaying features of both hepatic pyogenic abscess and liver metastasis. These features included iso- or hypointense signaling on T1WI and T2WI, hyperintense signaling on diffusion weighted imaging of the thick wall, and mixed hyperintense signal in the center on DWI, as well as dramatic and irregular peripheral enhancement was detected on LAVA dynamic contrast scanning. Aspiration and culture of the largest lesions revealed Klebsiella pneumoniae and a pathologic diagnosis of adenocarcinoma. At this point, the patient admitted a history of colon adenocarcinoma 9 years ago treated with hemicolectomy. Therefore, this patient was considered to have a hepatic pyogenic abscesses complicated by hepatic metastasis. The patient began treatment for the responsible pathogens and underwent chemoembolization of the liver lesions. In special cases, we could attempt to pursue a more detailed search for coexistence of microorganism infection and tumor.

  1. Conservative management of post-appendicectomy intra-abdominal abscesses

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Purpose Appendicitis is the most common abdominal inflammatory process in children which were sometimes followed by complications including intra-abdominal abscess. This later needs classically a surgical drainage. We evaluated the efficacy of antibiotic treatment and surgical drainage. Methods Hospital records of children treated in our unit for intra-abdominal post appendectomy abscesses over a 6 years period were reviewed retrospectively. Results This study investigates a series of 14 children from 2 to 13 years of age with one or many abscesses after appendectomy, treated between 2002 and 2007. Seven underwent surgery and the others were treated with triple antibiotherapy. The two groups were comparable. For the 7 patients who receive medical treatment alone, it was considered efficient in 6 cases (85%) with clinical, biological and radiological recovery of the abscess. There was one failure (14%). The duration of hospitalization from the day of diagnosis of intra-abdominal abscess was approximately 10.28 days (range 7 to 14 days). In the other group, the efficacy of treatment was considered satisfactory in all cases. The duration of hospitalization was about 13 days (range: 9 to 20). Conclusion Compared to surgical drainage, antibiotic management of intra-abdominal abscesses was a no invasive treatment with shorter hospitalization. PMID:20946659

  2. Use of partial prostatectomy for treatment of prostatic abscesses and cysts in dogs.

    PubMed

    Rawlings, C A; Mahaffey, M B; Barsanti, J A; Quandt, J E; Oliver, J E; Crowell, W A; Downs, M O; Stampley, A R; Allen, S W

    1997-10-01

    To determine whether dogs had prostatic disease, urinary incontinence, or urinary tract infection 1 year after partial prostatectomy to treat prostatic abscesses and cysts. Prospective study. 20 male dogs with prostatic abscesses or cysts. Fifteen dogs had evidence of urinary tract infection. Only 8 dogs urinated normally; the remainder dribbled, had obstructions, or required medical treatment. Partial prostatectomy was performed on each dog. Sexually intact dogs (n = 12) also were castrated. None of the dogs had return of prostatic cystic enlargement or clinical signs of prostatic disease during the first year after surgery. Two dogs were euthanatized within 1 year after surgery, with 1 dog having prostatic enlargement and adenocarcinoma and 1 dog having unrelated lymphosarcoma. Fifteen dogs were continent. The remaining 5 dogs urinated normally but had intermittent and minor incontinence. Eleven dogs had no signs of infection 1 year after surgery, 5 had pyuria or positive urine bacteriologic culture results, 2 did not have urinalysis performed, and 2 were euthanatized. Dogs with severe prostatic abscesses or cysts and infections can be successfully treated by partial prostatectomy with an ultrasonic surgical aspirator and castration, resulting in long-term disease resolution. Although most dogs with severe prostatic disease do not urinate normally before surgery, nearly all dogs resume normal micturition after partial prostatectomy. Postoperative results of partial prostatectomy appear to be better than those of previous drainage techniques for treatment of prostatic cavitary disease.

  3. Bacterial Abscess Formation Is Controlled by the Stringent Stress Response and Can Be Targeted Therapeutically.

    PubMed

    Mansour, Sarah C; Pletzer, Daniel; de la Fuente-Núñez, César; Kim, Paul; Cheung, Gordon Y C; Joo, Hwang-Soo; Otto, Michael; Hancock, Robert E W

    2016-10-01

    Cutaneous abscess infections are difficult to treat with current therapies and alternatives to conventional antibiotics are needed. Understanding the regulatory mechanisms that govern abscess pathology should reveal therapeutic interventions for these recalcitrant infections. Here we demonstrated that the stringent stress response employed by bacteria to cope and adapt to environmental stressors was essential for the formation of lesions, but not bacterial growth, in a methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) cutaneous abscess mouse model. To pharmacologically confirm the role of the stringent response in abscess formation, a cationic peptide that causes rapid degradation of the stringent response mediator, guanosine tetraphosphate (ppGpp), was employed. The therapeutic application of this peptide strongly inhibited lesion formation in mice infected with Gram-positive MRSA and Gram-negative Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Overall, we provide insights into the mechanisms governing abscess formation and a paradigm for treating multidrug resistant cutaneous abscesses.

  4. Scabies in a 2-month-old Infant Successfully Treated with Lindane

    PubMed Central

    Jin, Seon Pil; Choi, Ji Eun; Won, Chong-Hyun

    2009-01-01

    Diagnosis of scabies in young children can be challenging since the morphology and distribution of skin lesions may differ from adults. Therefore, clinicians should keep scabies in mind in their differential diagnosis in a child who presents with severe pruritic, polymorphic skin lesions. Regarding the treatment of scabies, the reported clinical experience with gamma benzene hexachloride (lindane) in young children is quite limited because of its neurotoxicity. However, a recent review suggests that lindane is an excellent alternative drug with minimal risk. We report the case of a 2-month-old male infant with pruritic, erythematous macules, papules, nodules, vesicles, and pustules from the top of the head to the tip of the toes. Initially, he was thought to have impetigo and antibiotics were prescribed. After obtaining a careful history and with the use of skin scraping, he was diagnosed with scabies. He was successfully treated with lindane with no adverse reactions. PMID:20523787

  5. Successfully treated severe obstetric sepsis and acute respiratory distress syndrome with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

    PubMed

    Benetis, Rimantas; Nadisauskiene, Ruta; Sirvinskas, Edmundas; Lenkutis, Tadas; Siudikas, Adakrius; Kadusauskaitė, Vytaute; Railaitė, Dalia; Sukovas, Arturas; Abraitis, Vytautas

    2016-05-01

    We report a unique clinical case about an 18-year-old woman, immediately post-partum after an urgent C-section, who survived severe sepsis, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and was successfully treated with 11 different antibiotics, massive blood transfusions and repetitive surgeries and was on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support for 22 days. Although, ECMO is a time-limited procedure and most manufacturers do not advise more than 14 days of use, the situation for this patient was life-threatening and ECMO, despite the dangerous risks listed above, was the only way to win time for the lungs to recover and for treatment of the underlying disease, while maintaining adequate oxygenation and circulation. Fortunately, the condition of this woman was stabilized and she achieved complete physical recovery, despite minor neurological deficit in the fingers of her right hand. © The Author(s) 2015.

  6. A rare case of alektorophobia treated successfully with graded exposure therapy

    PubMed Central

    Trivedi, Satyakant K.; Mangot, Ajish G.; Munoli, Ravindra N.

    2016-01-01

    Phobia is a type of anxiety disorder characterized by circumscribed, marked fear or anxiety to a specific object or situation which is out of proportion to the actual danger posed by the concerned object or situation. Worldwide, the prevalence of specific phobia has been found to be 16% in 13–17 years olds. In India, specific phobia has been identified as one of the most common disorders in the school-going age group, with the prevalence of approximately 4.2%. Alektorophobia is the specific term for phobia to hen/chickens. We hereby report an 18-year-old female presenting with alektorophobia and successfully treated with graded exposure therapy. It has not been described in extant literature to the best of our knowledge. PMID:28163419

  7. Unusual case of duodenobiliary fistula complicating Crohn's disease successfully treated with Adalimumab.

    PubMed

    Hammami, Aya; Slama, Aida Ben; Jaziri, Hanen; Ameur, Wafa Ben; Mansour, Imed Ben; Brahem, Ahlem; Ajmi, Salem; Jemni, Hela; Ksiaa, Mehdi; Jmaa, Ali

    2016-12-01

    Crohn's disease (CD) is characterized by transmural inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, which predisposes to the formation of fistula. Duodenal involvement occurs in less than 5% of cases and often leads to clinically relevant strictures. However, fistula formation in the duodenum is exceptional. Herein, we report an unusual case of duodenobiliary fistula due to CD occurring in a 65-year-old patient who was successfully treated by anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agents. This case report highlights the efficacy of anti-TNF alpha agents in the treatment of a bilioenteric fistula because it increases the probability of clinical remission and mucosal healing and therefore reduces the need for surgical treatment which may be associated morbidity.

  8. Nocardia prosthetic knee infection successfully treated by one-stage exchange: case report and review.

    PubMed

    Laurent, F; Rodriguez-Villalobos, H; Cornu, O; Vandercam, B; Yombi, J C

    2015-08-01

    A 64-year-old man with a history of sarcoidosis on corticosteroids and azathioprine was admitted to our hospital with complaints of worsening left knee pain and swelling for the past 3 weeks. His past medical history is also significant for severe osteoarthritis requiring a cemented total left knee arthroplasty 1 year ago. Diagnostic investigation during his hospital admission eventually led to the diagnosis of Nocardia nova knee prosthetic joint infection in the setting of a disseminated nocardiosis. He was successful treated by one-stage complete hardware exchange in conjunction with an adapted antibiotic therapy regimen (meropenem and doxycycline followed by ceftriaxone and doxycycline). Two years later, his recovery was deemed excellent.

  9. Case of acne conglobata successfully treated by CO(2) laser combined with topical tretinoin therapy.

    PubMed

    Hasegawa, Toshio; Matsukura, Tomoyuki; Suga, Yasushi; Muramatsu, Shigenori; Mizuno, Yuki; Tsuchihashi, Hitoshi; Haruna, Kunitaka; Ogawa, Hideoki; Ikeda, Shigaku

    2007-08-01

    Acne conglobata is an uncommon disorder characterized by the presence of nodulocystic lesions. Conservative therapy with oral and topical antibiotics is of limited efficacy in many cases, and surgical excision is often needed for removal of the cystic lesions. Treatment is particularly difficult in cases with lesions located in aesthetically sensitive areas, such as the face. We successfully treated a case of acne conglobata by CO(2) laser ablation to remove the top of the sinuses and their tracts. In addition, topical tretinoin therapy was also initiated simultaneously to prevent the appearance of new acne lesions. Based on the results, we propose that the use of CO(2) laser for opening the cysts, combined with topical tretinoin therapy to prevent the appearance of new lesions, is a powerful treatment option for acne conglobata.

  10. Hepatitis C and double-hit B cell lymphoma successfully treated by antiviral therapy

    PubMed Central

    Galati, Giovanni; Rampa, Lorenzo; Vespasiani-Gentilucci, Umberto; Marino, Mirella; Pisani, Francesco; Cota, Carlo; Guidi, Alessandro; Picardi, Antonio

    2016-01-01

    B cells lymphoma is one of the most challenging extra-hepatic manifestations of hepatitis C virus (HCV). Recently, a new kind of B-cell lymphoma, named double-hit B (DHL), was characterized with an aggressive clinical course whereas a potential association with HCV was not investigated. The new antiviral direct agents (DAAs) against HCV are effective and curative in the majority of HCV infections. We report the first case, to our knowledge, of DHL and HCV-infection successfully treated by new DAAs. According to our experience, a DHL must be suspected in case of HCV-related lymphoma, and an early diagnosis could direct towards a different hematological management because a worse prognosis might be expected. A possible effect of DAAs on DHL regression should be investigated, but eradicating HCV would avoid life-threatening reactivation of viral hepatitis during pharmacological immunosuppression in onco-haematological diseases. PMID:27803769

  11. Hepatitis C and double-hit B cell lymphoma successfully treated by antiviral therapy.

    PubMed

    Galati, Giovanni; Rampa, Lorenzo; Vespasiani-Gentilucci, Umberto; Marino, Mirella; Pisani, Francesco; Cota, Carlo; Guidi, Alessandro; Picardi, Antonio

    2016-10-18

    B cells lymphoma is one of the most challenging extra-hepatic manifestations of hepatitis C virus (HCV). Recently, a new kind of B-cell lymphoma, named double-hit B (DHL), was characterized with an aggressive clinical course whereas a potential association with HCV was not investigated. The new antiviral direct agents (DAAs) against HCV are effective and curative in the majority of HCV infections. We report the first case, to our knowledge, of DHL and HCV-infection successfully treated by new DAAs. According to our experience, a DHL must be suspected in case of HCV-related lymphoma, and an early diagnosis could direct towards a different hematological management because a worse prognosis might be expected. A possible effect of DAAs on DHL regression should be investigated, but eradicating HCV would avoid life-threatening reactivation of viral hepatitis during pharmacological immunosuppression in onco-haematological diseases.

  12. Hepatic Encephalopathy due to Congenital Multiple Intrahepatic Portosystemic Venous Shunts Successfully Treated by Percutaneous Transhepatic Obliteration

    PubMed Central

    Takenaga, Shinsuke; Narita, Kenichi; Matsui, Yo; Fukuda, Kunihiko

    2016-01-01

    Hepatic encephalopathy due to intrahepatic portosystemic venous shunts (IPSVS) in a non-cirrhotic condition is rare. Here we report a rare case of a patient with congenital multiple IPSVS successfully treated by percutaneous transhepatic obliteration. The patient was a 67-year-old woman who presented to our hospital with progressive episodes of consciousness disorder and vomiting. Laboratory tests revealed hyperammonemia (192.0 μg/dL), and computed tomography revealed multiple IPSVS in both lobes. There was no evidence of underlying liver disease or hepatic trauma. Transcatheter embolization for IPSVS was performed because conservative therapy was not sufficiently effective. After endovascular shunt closure, hepatic encephalopathy improved. The serum ammonia level normalized during the 5-year follow-up period. Thus, transcatheter embolization may be an effective therapy for patients with symptomatic and refractory IPSVS. Careful follow-up is necessary for portal hypertension-related complications after transcatheter embolization for IPSVS. PMID:27990104

  13. Carcinomatous Meningitis: The Natural History of Successfully Treated Metastatic Bladder Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Tadepalli, S.; Coleman, T.; Hacket, L.A.; Liles, G.B.

    2011-01-01

    Carcinomatous meningitis due to bladder cancer is a rare entity reported only in case reports. Optimal therapy is thus poorly defined with earlier cases reporting an unsuccessful outcome. Here we report a case of late carcinomatous meningitis secondary to transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the bladder occurring in a patient in complete remission. He was successfully treated with intrathecal methotrexate and whole brain irradiation and experienced prolonged survival after treatment. With modern chemotherapy increasing complete remissions and survival rates in patients with TCC, more and more patients are being reported with carcinomatous meningitis. We raise the question of whether central nervous system prophylaxis should be considered in patients with TCC achieving a complete remission to chemotherapy in the metastatic setting. PMID:21941490

  14. Combined Thenar and Hypothenar Hammer Syndromes and Raynaud's Phenomenon Successfully Treated with Iloprost.

    PubMed

    Ciapetti, Alessandro; Carotti, Marina; Di Carlo, Marco; Salaffi, Fausto

    2016-01-01

    Thenar and hypothenar hammer syndromes are uncommon conditions characterised by digital ischemia of the hand as a result of repetitive trauma at level of the thenar and/or hypothenar eminence and damage to the radial and/or ulnar arteries, respectively. The symptoms are related to the mechanism of the trauma and a Raynaud's phenomenon can be predominant for a long time. The angiography is the "gold standard" imaging technique which allows to confirm the diagnosis. Therapeutic strategy depends on the type of the lesion and severity of symptoms and includes pharmacological (antithrombotic and thrombolytic drugs) and surgical treatments. The authors present a case of a 53-year-old man, carpenter by profession, with combined thenar and hypothenar hammer syndromes and Raynaud's phenomenon, successfully treated with a short course of intravenous infusion of iloprost.

  15. Congenital peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor: a case treated successfully with multimodality treatment.

    PubMed

    Goyal, Shikha; Biswas, Ahitagni; Gupta, Ruchika; Mohanti, Bidhu Kalyan

    2014-12-01

    Neonatal tumors comprise less than two percent of childhood malignancies. Most are solid tumors, most common histologies being teratoma and neuroblastoma. We encountered a child who was detected to have a right arm mass on antenatal sonogram, which was diagnosed to be a primitive neuroectodermal tumor involving the triceps on fine needle aspiration cytology performed in the post-natal period. The child was successfully treated with multimodality treatment consisting of surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. We also discuss briefly the problems associated with therapy in neonatal period. A review of all cases reported to have congenital Ewing's sarcoma family of tumors is presented. Novel therapies are needed to improve efficacy and decrease the devastating side effects of treatment in this age group.

  16. Primary bilateral iliopsoas abscess in an elderly man.

    PubMed

    Vucicević, Zeljko; Spajić, Borislav; Babić, Nenad; Degoricija, Vesna

    2012-03-01

    Primary bilateral iliopsoas abscesses in the elderly are very rare in Europe. We report a case of an elderly male misdiagnosed with rheumatic low back pain. The delay in accurate diagnosis and therapy led to severe worsening of his general condition and septic shock. The diagnosis was established by multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) and the patient was successfully treated by MSCT-guided percutaneous drainage of both psoas muscles. Septic shock and miscellaneous complications required continuous intensive care. The patient was discharged after 42 days of hospital treatment. Antibiotic therapy continued for the next six weeks until his complete recovery. Pain remains the most frequent and predominant symptom of spinal pathology regardless of the etiology. Immunocompromised patients or signs suggestive of bacterial infection require caution and a more comprehensive diagnostic work-up.

  17. Streptococcus viridans tubo-ovarian abscess in an adolescent virgin.

    PubMed

    Simpson-Camp, Lashondria; Richardson, Elizabeth Jane; Alaish, Samuel M

    2012-10-01

    A tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA) is a common complication of pelvic inflammatory disease in premenopausal women; however, in virginal females, TOAs are an exceedingly rare occurrence. Within this rare subset of patients, there is almost always an underlying condition, such as vaginal voiding, or a concomitant disease process. A virginal adolescent female with no prior medical history presented with a large pelvic mass which proved to be a TOA. An exploratory laparotomy was eventually required to establish the diagnosis. Open drainage and antibiotic therapy successfully treated the patient. With only the organism, Streptococcus viridians, isolated in her cultures, an etiology of direct ascension from the lower genitourinary tract is implicated. We believe this to be the youngest case of a TOA occurring in a virginal adolescent female without a predisposing condition. A TOA should be considered in the differential diagnosis of pelvic masses in previously healthy pediatric patients regardless of their sexual activity.

  18. Brain abscess: Current management

    PubMed Central

    Alvis Miranda, Hernando; Castellar-Leones, Sandra Milena; Elzain, Mohammed Awad; Moscote-Salazar, Luis Rafael

    2013-01-01

    Brain abscess (BA) is defined as a focal infection within the brain parenchyma, which starts as a localized area of cerebritis, which is subsequently converted into a collection of pus within a well-vascularized capsule. BA must be differentiated from parameningeal infections, including epidural abscess and subdural empyema. The BA is a challenge for the neurosurgeon because it is needed good clinical, pharmacological, and surgical skills for providing good clinical outcomes and prognosis to BA patients. Considered an infrequent brain infection, BA could be a devastator entity that easily left the patient into dead. The aim of this work is to review the current concepts regarding epidemiology, pathophysiology, etiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management of BA. PMID:24174804

  19. Gas-containing brain abscess: etiology, clinical characteristics, and outcome.

    PubMed

    Su, Tsung-Ming; Lan, Chu-Mei; Lee, Tsung-Han; Hsu, Shih-Wei

    2014-12-01

    Gas-containing brain abscess remains a life-threatening disease that requires immediate diagnostic and therapeutic intervention. The aim of this study is to report on a series of gas-containing brain abscess and discuss its pathological mechanism and therapeutic consideration. This study included 11 patients with gas-containing brain abscess at Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan during a 27-year period. The predisposing factors to infection included hematogenous spread in five patients, contiguous infection in one patient, and abnormal fistulous communication due to head injury in four patients. In one patient, the predisposing factor might be contiguous infection from frontal sinusitis or abnormal fistulous communication due to previous sinus surgery. Klebsiella pneumoniae was the most common causative pathogen that was isolated from the gas-containing abscess not related to skull base defect. Among these 11 patients, six underwent excision and five accepted aspiration for the surgical treatment of abscess. In the five patients who underwent aspiration, two required repeated craniotomy to excise the recurrent abscess and repair the abnormal fistulous communication through the skull base. When encountered with a gas-containing abscess in patients with an impaired host defense mechanism, K. pneumoniae infection should be suspected, and further attention should be paid to discovering if other metastatic septic abscesses exist. For patients with a history of basilar skull fracture or surgery involving the skull base, craniotomy is indicated to excise the abscess and repair the potential fistulous communication through the cranium. Aspiration may be a reasonable alternative to treat deep-seated lesions, lesions in an eloquent area, patients with severe concomitant medical disease, or patients without a history of basilar skull fracture or surgery involving the skull base. Prompt diagnosis, appropriate antibiotic use, and meticulous surgical

  20. Plasma exchange successfully treats central pontine myelinolysis after acute hypernatremia from intravenous sodium bicarbonate therapy

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS) primarily occurs after rapid correction of severe hyponatremia. There are no proven effective therapies for ODS, but we describe the first case showing the successful treatment of central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) by plasma exchange, which occurred after rapid development of hypernatremia from intravenous sodium bicarbonate therapy. Case presentation A 40-year-old woman presented with general weakness, hypokalemia, and metabolic acidosis. The patient was treated with oral and intravenous potassium chloride, along with intravenous sodium bicarbonate. Although her bicarbonate deficit was 365 mEq, we treated her with an overdose of intravenous sodium bicarbonate, 480 mEq for 24 hours, due to the severity of her acidemia and her altered mental status. The next day, she developed hypernatremia with serum sodium levels rising from 142.8 mEq/L to 172.8 mEq/L. Six days after developing hypernatremia, she exhibited tetraparesis, drooling, difficulty swallowing, and dysarthria, and a brain MRI revealed high signal intensity in the central pons with sparing of the peripheral portion, suggesting CPM. We diagnosed her with CPM associated with the rapid development of hypernatremia after intravenous sodium bicarbonate therapy and treated her with plasma exchange. After two consecutive plasma exchange sessions, her neurologic symptoms were markedly improved except for mild diplopia. After the plasma exchange sessions, we examined the patient to determine the reason for her symptoms upon presentation to the hospital. She had normal anion gap metabolic acidosis, low blood bicarbonate levels, a urine pH of 6.5, and a calyceal stone in her left kidney. We performed a sodium bicarbonate loading test and diagnosed distal renal tubular acidosis (RTA). We also found that she had Sjögren’s syndrome after a positive screen for anti-Lo, anti-Ra, and after the results of Schirmer’s test and a lower lip biopsy. She was discharged and

  1. Plasma exchange successfully treats central pontine myelinolysis after acute hypernatremia from intravenous sodium bicarbonate therapy.

    PubMed

    Chang, Kyung Yoon; Lee, In-Hee; Kim, Gi Jun; Cho, Kangwon; Park, Hoon Suk; Kim, Hyung Wook

    2014-04-04

    Osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS) primarily occurs after rapid correction of severe hyponatremia. There are no proven effective therapies for ODS, but we describe the first case showing the successful treatment of central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) by plasma exchange, which occurred after rapid development of hypernatremia from intravenous sodium bicarbonate therapy. A 40-year-old woman presented with general weakness, hypokalemia, and metabolic acidosis. The patient was treated with oral and intravenous potassium chloride, along with intravenous sodium bicarbonate. Although her bicarbonate deficit was 365 mEq, we treated her with an overdose of intravenous sodium bicarbonate, 480 mEq for 24 hours, due to the severity of her acidemia and her altered mental status. The next day, she developed hypernatremia with serum sodium levels rising from 142.8 mEq/L to 172.8 mEq/L. Six days after developing hypernatremia, she exhibited tetraparesis, drooling, difficulty swallowing, and dysarthria, and a brain MRI revealed high signal intensity in the central pons with sparing of the peripheral portion, suggesting CPM. We diagnosed her with CPM associated with the rapid development of hypernatremia after intravenous sodium bicarbonate therapy and treated her with plasma exchange. After two consecutive plasma exchange sessions, her neurologic symptoms were markedly improved except for mild diplopia. After the plasma exchange sessions, we examined the patient to determine the reason for her symptoms upon presentation to the hospital. She had normal anion gap metabolic acidosis, low blood bicarbonate levels, a urine pH of 6.5, and a calyceal stone in her left kidney. We performed a sodium bicarbonate loading test and diagnosed distal renal tubular acidosis (RTA). We also found that she had Sjögren's syndrome after a positive screen for anti-Lo, anti-Ra, and after the results of Schirmer's test and a lower lip biopsy. She was discharged and treated as an outpatient with

  2. Chagas disease control: deltamethrin-treated collars reduce Triatoma infestans feeding success on dogs.

    PubMed

    Reithinger, Richard; Ceballos, Leonardo; Stariolo, Raúl; Davies, Clive R; Gürtler, Ricardo E

    2005-07-01

    Dogs are domestic reservoir hosts of Trypanosoma cruzi, the aetiological agent of Chagas disease. Using an experimental set-up mimicking rural mud-and-thatch houses, we evaluated the effect of deltamethrin-treated dog collars on the feeding success and survival of Triatoma infestans, the main T. cruzi vector in Latin America. Seven collared and three uncollared control dogs were exposed to colonized T. infestans at day 0 (i.e. before attachment of collars), at 15 days, and then monthly for 3 months post collar attachment. Following overnight exposure to uncollared dogs, 96% (1473/1538) of bugs fed, of which 51% (746/1473) fully engorged. Feeding rates were significantly reduced on collared dogs for up to 1 month post collar attachment with the lowest rates of 91% (551/604) observed at day 30 (P<0.05). Amongst those bugs that fed, engorgement rates were significantly reduced on collared dogs throughout the trial, during which average rates were 31% (543/1768) (P<0.001). No collar effect on individual bug survival was observed. Although observed effects on feeding and engorgement were limited, the strong association between blood-feeding, blood meal size and T. cruzi transmission suggests that deltamethrin-treated dog collars could help to control canine (and possibly human) T. cruzi infection.

  3. Use of liquid nitrogen and albendazole in successfully treating cutaneous larva migrans.

    PubMed

    Kapadia, Naseema; Borhany, Tasneem; Farooqui, Maria

    2013-05-01

    To determine the efficacy of combination treatment of Albendazole along with liquid nitrogen in cutaneous larva migrans. Quasi-experimental study. Abbasi Shaheed Hospital and The Aga Khan Hospital, Karachi, from December 2008 to December 2010. Eighteen cases of cutaneous larva migrans were collected and divided into two groups. Group-A was administered oral Albendazole 400 mg once per day along with topical steroid and oral cetrizine 10 mg once at night for 7 days. Group-B also received oral Albendazole 400 mg once per day along with cetrizine 10 mg once at night but they also received single application of liquid nitrogen to freeze the larva. It was found that in Group-A only 2 out of 9 (22%) showed improvement whereas 78% had to be given liquid nitrogen cryotherapy 3 - 7 days after Albendazole to prevent migration of larva. In Group-B, the improvement was 100% and all 9 patients were successfully treated. Use of liquid nitrogen along with oral anti-helminths is very effective in treating cutaneous larva migrans than Albendazole alone.

  4. Isolated Bilateral Gastrocnemius Myositis in Crohn Disease Successfully Treated with Adalimumab

    PubMed Central

    di Prampero, Salvatore Vadala; Marino, Marco; Toso, Francesco; Avellini, Claudio; Nguyen, Vu; Sorrentino, Dario

    2016-01-01

    Extraintestinal manifestations are common in inflammatory bowel disease; however, muscular involvement in Crohn disease is rarely reported. We present a case of a 26-year-old male with ileocolonic Crohn disease who developed sudden tenderness in both calves. Doppler ultrasound was negative for deep vein thrombosis. Magnetic resonance imaging of the gastrocnemius muscle showed high intensity signal in the muscle fibers, and muscle biopsy demonstrated nonspecific lymphocytic myositis. Other relevant laboratory results included normal antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies and creatine kinase as well as elevated C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae IgG titer. The patient was in clinical remission, being treated with azathioprine 2.5 mg/kg. Prednisone 60 mg/day was initiated with rapid resolution of calf tenderness; however, tenderness soon returned when the dose was tapered to 10 mg/day. Subsequently, prednisone and azathioprine were discontinued, and adalimumab was started at standard induction and maintenance doses. The patient's symptoms resolved shortly after the first induction dose. A repeat magnetic resonance imaging of the calves – 3 months after starting adalimumab – showed complete resolution of muscle inflammation. To our knowledge, this is the first case of gastrocnemius myositis – a rare extraintestinal manifestation of Crohn disease – successfully treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor agents. PMID:27920658

  5. Steroid unresponsive anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis during pregnancy successfully treated with plasmapheresis.

    PubMed

    Shahani, Lokesh

    2015-04-29

    Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis is an autoimmune disorder resulting in neurological and psychiatric symptoms. It is rare during pregnancy and treatment is extremely challenging as little data exist to guide management. A 26-year-old woman presented at 22 weeks of gestation with intermittent headache and an acute episode of bizarre behaviour and grandiose delusions resulting in hospitalisation. The patient was worked up for encephalitis and was found to have anti-NMDA receptor antibody in cerebrospinal fluid as well as in serum. She was initially treated with high-dose steroids but failed to improve clinically and serologically. She was then treated with plasmapheresis and showed clinical and serological response. She had a successful delivery at 37 weeks and the baby did not show serological evidence of disease. This case adds to the sparse literature of anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis during pregnancy and adds to the differential diagnosis of new onset psychiatric symptoms during pregnancy.

  6. Isolated Bilateral Gastrocnemius Myositis in Crohn Disease Successfully Treated with Adalimumab.

    PubMed

    di Prampero, Salvatore Vadala; Marino, Marco; Toso, Francesco; Avellini, Claudio; Nguyen, Vu; Sorrentino, Dario

    2016-01-01

    Extraintestinal manifestations are common in inflammatory bowel disease; however, muscular involvement in Crohn disease is rarely reported. We present a case of a 26-year-old male with ileocolonic Crohn disease who developed sudden tenderness in both calves. Doppler ultrasound was negative for deep vein thrombosis. Magnetic resonance imaging of the gastrocnemius muscle showed high intensity signal in the muscle fibers, and muscle biopsy demonstrated nonspecific lymphocytic myositis. Other relevant laboratory results included normal antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies and creatine kinase as well as elevated C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae IgG titer. The patient was in clinical remission, being treated with azathioprine 2.5 mg/kg. Prednisone 60 mg/day was initiated with rapid resolution of calf tenderness; however, tenderness soon returned when the dose was tapered to 10 mg/day. Subsequently, prednisone and azathioprine were discontinued, and adalimumab was started at standard induction and maintenance doses. The patient's symptoms resolved shortly after the first induction dose. A repeat magnetic resonance imaging of the calves - 3 months after starting adalimumab - showed complete resolution of muscle inflammation. To our knowledge, this is the first case of gastrocnemius myositis - a rare extraintestinal manifestation of Crohn disease - successfully treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor agents.

  7. Liver cyst with biliary communication successfully treated with laparoscopic deroofing: a case report.

    PubMed

    Yamada, Takeshi; Furukawa, Kiyonori; Yokoi, Kimiyoshi; Mamada, Yasuhiro; Kanazawa, Yoshikazu; Tajiri, Takashi

    2009-04-01

    A 56-year-old woman visited our hospital because of high fever and right hypochondralgia. Abdominal computed tomography showed a liver cyst 10 cm in diameter and dilatation of the intrahepatic bile duct. Percutaneous transhepatic drainage of the cyst guided by ultrasonography disclosed that the cyst contained a brown milky fluid, and cystography showed biliary communication. Thus, the cyst was diagnosed as an infectious hepatic cyst with biliary communication. Treatments for liver cysts include aspiration therapy, alcoholic sclerotherapy, laparoscopic fenestration, fenestration by laparotomy, cystojejunostomy, cystectomy, and hepatectomy. Because a simple liver cyst is benign, treatments should be low-risk and minimally invasive; thus, we performed laparoscopic fenestration. Fenestration should not be performed if the case is complicated by infection or biliary communication. Although cystography showed biliary communication, the cyst was not visualized with endoscopic retrograde cholangiography, and we concluded that the biliary communication was small. Operation time was 95 minutes, and blood loss was 10 g. Pathological findings of the liver cyst were consistent with a simple cyst. The postoperative course was good, and the patient left the hospital 10 days after the operation. Eighteen months have passed since the operation, and no recurrent cysts have been detected with computed tomography. This is the second report of liver cyst with biliary communication successfully treated with laparoscopic deroofing. Laparoscopic fenestration is a useful method for treating simple benign liver cysts because of its minimal invasiveness and may be useful in cases with small biliary communication.

  8. Two cases of kidney transplantation-associated thrombotic microangiopathy successfully treated with eculizumab.

    PubMed

    Ikeda, Takashi; Okumi, Masayoshi; Unagami, Kohei; Kanzawa, Taichi; Sawada, Anri; Kawanishi, Kunio; Omoto, Kazuya; Ishida, Hideki; Tanabe, Kazunari

    2016-07-01

    Transplantation-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) is relatively rare and requires immediate intervention to avoid irreversible organ damage or death; however, consensus regarding the treatment approach is lacking. Atypical haemolytic uraemic syndrome (aHUS) is a rare disease caused by dysregulation of the alternative complement pathway resulting in TMA. aHUS is histologically similar to TA-TMA; approximately 60% of TA-TMA patients have complement dysregulation. Eculizumab, a humanized anti-C5 monoclonal antibody, inhibits terminal membrane-attack complex formation and TMA progression. Eculizumab has been successfully used to treat aHUS post-transplant. We present two cases of kidney TA-TMA due to unknown causes, suspected antibody-mediated rejection, or calcineurin inhibitor (CNI)-related toxicity that developed on day 1 or 2 post-kidney transplantation. Low platelet count and haemoglobin level with red cell fragments were detected. Despite steroid pulse, plasma exchange (PE), and intravenous immunoglobulin therapy, TA-TMA did not improve; therefore, eculizumab was administered despite no genetic testing. Laboratory data, including renal function, improved immediately. TA-TMA treatment primarily involves PE initiation or CNI discontinuation; eculizumab can be used to safely treat TA-TMA and then be ceased in the short term. Therefore, eculizumab administration might be beneficial for kidney TA-TMA as early as the diagnosis of refractory to PE.

  9. Unknown primary carcinoma, diagnosed as inflammatory breast cancer,and successfully treated with trastuzumab and vinorelbine.

    PubMed

    Asakura, Hirofumi; Takashima, Hitoshi; Mitani, Masahiro; Haba, Reiji; Seo, Reiko; Yokoe, Koiku; Toyama, Yoshihiro; Ohkawa, Motoomi

    2005-08-01

    Occult breast cancer presenting with axillary lymph node metastases is uncommon, and inflammatory breast cancer (IBC), as a subtype, is quite rare. Here we describe a case of IBC, which arose as an unknown primary carcinoma; the patient presented with axillary lymph node metastasis, and was successfully treated with trastuzumab and vinorelbine. Specifically, a 55-year-old woman presented with right axillary lymphadenopathy. Although she underwent various examinations, the primary site of the disease was not revealed. Axillary lymph node dissection was performed, and the lesion was diagnosed as a poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. The patient chose to be treated by alternative medicine. About 6 months later, she was referred to our hospital, due to marked bilateral neck and axillary lymph node swelling. She presented with diffuse right breast enlargement, redness, and peau d'orange. Computed tomography (CT) of the breast showed skin thickening and swelling of the right breast.F-18 Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) showed FDG uptake in the right breast. The patient was clinically diagnosed with IBC. Because overexpression of the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) was found in the specimen from her right axillary lymph node, she was treated with trastuzumab and vinorelbine. Two months after the start of chemotherapy, CT revealed a complete response in the lymph nodes, and the skin thickening and parenchymal edema of the right breast had improved. FDG-PET was also performed at this time, and revealed no FDG uptake in either the right breast or the lymph nodes.

  10. Scedosporium apiospermum eumycetoma successfully treated with oral voriconazole: report of a case and review of the Brazilian reports on scedosporiosis.

    PubMed

    Oliveira, Flávio de Mattos; Unis, Gisela; Hochhegger, Bruno; Severo, Luiz Carlos

    2013-01-01

    We describe a case of white-grain eumycetoma caused by Scedosporium apiospermum in an immunocompetent host that was successfully treated with oral voriconazole, and we review the Brazilian reports on scedosporiosis.

  11. Hepatogastric fistula as a rare complication of pyogenic liver abscess

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Kyu Won; Kim, Hee Yeon; Kim, Chang Wook; Kim, Young Ki; Kwon, Ohbeom; Kim, Min Ah; Cho, Youngyun; Yang, Keungmo

    2017-01-01

    Hepatogastric fistula following a pyogenic liver abscess is extremely rare, and only a handful of cases have been reported. An 88-year-old female presented with generalized weakness, fever and chills. An abdominal computed tomography scan revealed a 5cm-sized hypodense lesion with internal septa in the left lateral section of the liver. Due to initial suspicion of early liver abscess, she was treated with empirical intravenous antibiotics. Initially, aspiration or drainage of the liver abscess was not performed due to immature lesion characteristics. An ultrasonography-guided percutaneous drainage of the liver abscess was performed 17 days after hospitalization due to a more mature lesion appearance on follow-up imaging. On tubography, contrast media leakage through the fistulous tract was visualized. Surgical management was performed, and she was discharged 2 weeks after surgery. PMID:28278560

  12. Hematogenous Pasteurella multocida brain abscess

    SciTech Connect

    Wallace, M.; Lipsky, B.A.

    1985-10-01

    A case of hematogenously acquired brain abscess caused by Pasteurella multocida is described. CT scans of the head revealed the lesions in a 67 year old man with mild alcoholic liver disease and severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Ultrasound examinations of the abdomen and chest and an echocardiogram failed to reveal a source for the abscess. On autopsy examination three encapsulated brain abscesses were found. 34 references, 2 figures, 1 table.

  13. Giant Bilateral Renal Angiomyolipomas and Lymphangioleiomyomatosis Presenting after Two Successive Pregnancies Successfully Treated with Surgery and Rapamycin

    PubMed Central

    Peces, Ramón; Cuesta-López, Emilio; Peces, Carlos; Selgas, Rafael

    2011-01-01

    We report the case of a 25-year-old woman who presented with abdominal and flank pain with two successive pregnancies and was diagnosed of giant bilateral renal AMLs and pulmonary LAM associated with TSC in the post-partum of her second pregnancy. This case illustrates that in women with TSC rapid growth from renal AMLs and development of LAM may occur with successive pregnancies. It also stresses the potential for preservation of renal function despite successive bilateral renal surgery of giant AMLs. Moreover, the treatment with a low-dose rapamycin may be an option for LAM treatment. Finally, a low-dose rapamycin may be considered as an adjuvant treatment together to kidney-sparing conservative surgery for renal AMLs. PMID:22125460

  14. Giant bilateral renal angiomyolipomas and lymphangioleiomyomatosis presenting after two successive pregnancies successfully treated with surgery and rapamycin.

    PubMed

    Peces, Ramón; Cuesta-López, Emilio; Peces, Carlos; Selgas, Rafael

    2011-01-01

    We report the case of a 25-year-old woman who presented with abdominal and flank pain with two successive pregnancies and was diagnosed of giant bilateral renal AMLs and pulmonary LAM associated with TSC in the post-partum of her second pregnancy. This case illustrates that in women with TSC rapid growth from renal AMLs and development of LAM may occur with successive pregnancies. It also stresses the potential for preservation of renal function despite successive bilateral renal surgery of giant AMLs. Moreover, the treatment with a low-dose rapamycin may be an option for LAM treatment. Finally, a low-dose rapamycin may be considered as an adjuvant treatment together to kidney-sparing conservative surgery for renal AMLs.

  15. [Acute mastoiditis with retroauricular abscess - a report of two cases].

    PubMed

    Misiak, Andrzej

    2016-12-22

    Otogenic complications may occur as a result of both acute and chronic otitis media. The purpose of the diagnostic process and treatment of patients with otogenic complications is to identify and eliminate focal points of the infection. Due to general application of antibiotics, these complications are rarely observed. Retroauricular abscess may be the first symptom associated with the development of acute mastoiditis in patients with communication disturbances. Intravenous antibiotics and surgery have been successfully used for treatment in the two described cases. First case: 9 years old girl suffering from hydrocephalus, mental retardation. Retroauricular abscess occured as a result of the left ear acute otitis media. Second case: 17 years old girl with multiple congenital defects, mental retardation. Four surgery because of epidural abscess, meningitis, external auditory canal atresia, granulation and cholesteatoma during two years. Retroauricular abscess occured in the course of the right ear chronic otitis media.

  16. Children successfully treated for moderate acute malnutrition remain at risk for malnutrition and death in the subsequent year after recovery

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) affects 11% of children <5 y old worldwide and increases their risk for morbidity and mortality. It is assumed that successful treatment of MAM reduces these risks. A total of 1967 children aged 6-59 mo successfully treated for MAM in rural Malawi following randomiz...

  17. Comprehensive evaluation of the immune risk phenotype in successfully treated HIV-infected individuals.

    PubMed

    Ndumbi, Patricia; Gilbert, Louise; Tsoukas, Christos M

    2015-01-01

    Despite successful treatment and CD4+ T-cell recovery, HIV-infected individuals often experience a profound immune dysregulation characterized by a persistently low CD4:CD8 T-cell ratio. This residual immune dysregulation is reminiscent of the Immune Risk Phenotype (IRP) previously associated with morbidity and mortality in the uninfected elderly (>85 years). The IRP consists of laboratory markers that include: a low CD4:CD8 T-cell ratio, an expansion of CD8+CD28- T-cells and cytomegalovirus (CMV) seropositivity. Despite the significant overlap in immunological phenotypes between normal aging and HIV infection, the IRP has never been evaluated in HIV-infected individuals. In this pilot study we characterized immune changes associated with the IRP in a sample of successfully treated HIV-infected subjects. 18 virologically suppressed HIV-infected subjects were categorized into 2 groups based on their IRP status; HIV+IRP+, (n = 8) and HIV+IRP-, (n = 10) and compared to 15 age-matched HIV uninfected IRP negative controls. All individuals were assessed for functional and phenotypic immune characteristics including: pro-inflammatory cytokine production, antigen-specific proliferation capacity, replicative senescence, T-cell differentiation and lymphocyte telomere length. Compared to HIV-infected subjects without an IRP, HIV+IRP+ subjects exhibited a higher frequency of TNF-α-producing CD8+ T-cells (p = 0.05) and a reduced proportion of CD8+ naïve T-cells (p = 0.007). The IRP status was also associated with a marked up-regulation of the replicative senescence markers CD57 and KLGR1, on the surface of CD8+T-cells (p = 0.004). Finally, HIV+IRP+ individuals had a significantly shorter mean lymphocyte telomere length than their non-IRP counterparts (p = 0.03). Our findings suggest that, despite similar levels of treatment-mediated viral suppression, the phenotypic and functional immune characteristics of HIV+IRP+ individuals are distinct from those observed in non

  18. Comprehensive Evaluation of the Immune Risk Phenotype in Successfully Treated HIV-Infected Individuals

    PubMed Central

    Ndumbi, Patricia; Gilbert, Louise; Tsoukas, Christos M.

    2015-01-01

    Background Despite successful treatment and CD4+ T-cell recovery, HIV-infected individuals often experience a profound immune dysregulation characterized by a persistently low CD4:CD8 T-cell ratio. This residual immune dysregulation is reminiscent of the Immune Risk Phenotype (IRP) previously associated with morbidity and mortality in the uninfected elderly (>85 years). The IRP consists of laboratory markers that include: a low CD4:CD8 T-cell ratio, an expansion of CD8+CD28- T-cells and cytomegalovirus (CMV) seropositivity. Despite the significant overlap in immunological phenotypes between normal aging and HIV infection, the IRP has never been evaluated in HIV-infected individuals. In this pilot study we characterized immune changes associated with the IRP in a sample of successfully treated HIV-infected subjects. Methods 18 virologically suppressed HIV-infected subjects were categorized into 2 groups based on their IRP status; HIV+IRP+, (n = 8) and HIV+IRP-, (n = 10) and compared to 15 age-matched HIV uninfected IRP negative controls. All individuals were assessed for functional and phenotypic immune characteristics including: pro-inflammatory cytokine production, antigen-specific proliferation capacity, replicative senescence, T-cell differentiation and lymphocyte telomere length. Results Compared to HIV-infected subjects without an IRP, HIV+IRP+ subjects exhibited a higher frequency of TNF-α-producing CD8+ T-cells (p = 0.05) and a reduced proportion of CD8+ naïve T-cells (p = 0.007). The IRP status was also associated with a marked up-regulation of the replicative senescence markers CD57 and KLGR1, on the surface of CD8+T-cells (p = 0.004). Finally, HIV+IRP+ individuals had a significantly shorter mean lymphocyte telomere length than their non-IRP counterparts (p = 0.03). Conclusions Our findings suggest that, despite similar levels of treatment-mediated viral suppression, the phenotypic and functional immune characteristics of HIV+IRP+ individuals are

  19. A Case of Atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Successfully Treated with Eculizumab

    PubMed Central

    Thajudeen, B.; Sussman, A.; Bracamonte, E.

    2013-01-01

    Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a rare thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) characterized by the triad of hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and acute renal failure. Eculizumab, a monoclonal complement C5 antibody which prevents the induction of the terminal complement cascade, has recently emerged as a therapeutic option for aHUS. We report a case of aHUS successfully treated with eculizumab. A 51-year-old male was admitted to the hospital following a mechanical fall. His past medical history was significant for rheumatic valve disease and mitral valve replacement; he was on warfarin for anticoagulation. A computed tomography scan of the head revealed a right-sided subdural hematoma due to coagulopathy resulting from a supratherapeutic international normalized ratio (INR). Following treatment with prothrombin complex concentrate to reverse the INR, urine output dropped and his serum creatinine subsequently increased to 247.52 μmol/l from the admission value of 70.72 μmol/l. Laboratory evaluation was remarkable for hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), low haptoglobin, and low complement C3. A renal biopsy was consistent with TMA, favoring a diagnosis of aHUS. Treatment with eculizumab was initiated which resulted in the stabilization of his hemoglobin, platelets, and LDH. Hemodialysis was terminated after 2.5 months due to improvement in urine output and solute clearance. The interaction between thrombin and complement pathway might be responsible for the pathogenesis of aHUS in this case. Eculizumab is an effective therapeutic agent in the treatment of aHUS. Early targeting of the complement system may modify disease progression and thus treat aHUS more effectively. PMID:24570684

  20. Breast abscess caused by penicillin resistant Pneumococci

    PubMed Central

    Appalaraju, Boppe; Mathews, Anila A.; Bhaskaran, Appolo C.; Arunachalam, Pavai

    2011-01-01

    Breast abscess is mostly caused by Staphylococcus aureus. A 26-year-old immunocompetent lady was admitted with breast abscess. Incision and drainage (I/D) was done and Pneumococci were isolated from the drained pus. The patient was earlier treated with Augmentin which was later changed to linezolid after testing for antibiotic susceptibility. This strain showed a high level of resistance to penicillin. It had been noticed that there was a slow increase in the number of penicillin resistant Pneumococci isolated in our hospitals. The increase in penicillin-resistant Pneumococci correlates with the intensive use of beta-lactam antibiotics. Hence, antibiotics should be used judiciously, avoiding their use particularly in mild self-limiting upper respiratory infections. Attention therefore, should focus on monitoring resistance in Pneumococci to prevent mortality and morbidity associated with this organism, which continues to take a heavy toll on children and the elderly. PMID:21897917

  1. Role of percutaneous abscess drainage in the management of young patients with Crohn disease.

    PubMed

    Pugmire, Brian S; Gee, Michael S; Kaplan, Jess L; Hahn, Peter F; Doody, Daniel P; Winter, Harland S; Gervais, Debra A

    2016-05-01

    Intra-abdominal abscess is a common complication of Crohn disease in children. Prior studies, primarily in adults, have shown that percutaneous abscess drainage is a safe and effective treatment for this condition; however, the data regarding this procedure and indications in pediatric patients is limited. Our aim was to determine the success rate of percutaneous abscess drainage for abscesses related to Crohn disease in pediatric patients with a focus on treatment endpoints that are relevant in the era of biological medical therapy. We retrospectively reviewed 25 cases of patients ages ≤20 years with Crohn disease who underwent percutaneous abscess drainage. Technical success was defined as catheter placement within the abscess with reduction in abscess size on post-treatment imaging. Clinical success was defined as (1) no surgery within 1 year of drainage or (2) surgical resection following drainage with no residual abscess at surgery or on preoperative imaging. Multiple clinical parameters were analyzed for association with treatment success or failure. All cases were classified as technical successes. Nineteen cases were classified as clinical successes (76%), including 7 patients (28%) who required no surgery within 1 year of percutaneous drainage and 12 patients (48%) who had elective bowel resection within 1 year. There was a statistically significant association between resumption of immunosuppressive therapy within 8 weeks of drainage and both clinical success (P < 0.01) and avoidance of surgery after 1 year (P < 0.01). Percutaneous abscess drainage is an effective treatment for Crohn disease-related abscesses in pediatric patients. Early resumption of immunosuppressive therapy is statistically associated with both clinical success and avoidance of bowel resection, suggesting a role for percutaneous drainage in facilitating prompt initiation of medical therapy and preventing surgical bowel resection.

  2. One-stage Revision With Catheter Infusion of Intraarticular Antibiotics Successfully Treats Infected THA.

    PubMed

    Whiteside, Leo A; Roy, M E

    2017-02-01

    Two-stage revision surgery for infected total hip arthroplasty (THA) is commonly advocated, but substantial morbidity and expense are associated with this technique. In certain cases of infected THA, treatment with one-stage revision surgery and intraarticular infusion of antibiotics may offer a reasonable alternative with the distinct advantage of providing a means of delivering the drug in high concentrations. We describe a protocol for intraarticular delivery of antibiotics to the hip through an indwelling catheter combined with one-stage revision surgery and examine (1) the success as judged by eradication of infection at 1 year when treating chronically infected cemented stems; (2) success in treating late-onset acute infections in well-ingrown cementless stems; and (3) what complications were associated with this approach in a small case series. Between January 2002 and July 2013, 30 patients (30 hips) presented to the senior author for treatment of infected THA. Of those, 21 patients (21 hips) with infected cemented THAs underwent débridement and single-stage revision to cementless total hip implants followed by catheter infusion of intraarticular antibiotics. Nine patients (nine hips) with late-onset acute infections in cementless THA had bone-ingrown implants. These patients were all more than 2 years from their original surgery and had acute symptoms of infection for 4 to 9 days. Seven had their original THA elsewhere, and two were the author's patients. All were symptom-free until the onset of their infection, and none had postoperative wound complications, fever, or prolonged pain suggestive of a more chronic process. They were treated with débridement and head and liner exchange, again followed by catheter infusion of intraarticular antibiotics. During this time period, this represented all infected THAs treated by the senior author, and all were treated with this protocol; no patient underwent two-stage exchange during this time, and no patients

  3. [Gluteal abscess complicated by sepsis as the expression of Crohn's disease].

    PubMed

    Bosscha, K; van Vroonhoven, Th J M V

    2002-04-06

    Two young women, aged 19 and 25 years, suffered from persistent perianal sepsis after local drainage of unusual gluteal abscesses. Preoperative CT scanning showed unrecognised and inadequately treated abscesses and signs of inflammatory bowel disease. Both patients underwent a reoperation: affected bowel segments were removed, stomas were created and abscesses were drained. In the case of unusual perianal abscesses the diagnosis 'Crohn's disease' must be considered. Preoperative examinations should include CT or MRI scans of the abdomen and pelvis. Intraoperative colonoscopy can often be helpful in assessing the extent of the affected bowel segment.

  4. Nocardia Brain Abscess and CD4+ Lymphocytopenia in a Previously Healthy Individual

    PubMed Central

    Adjamian, Norair; Kikam, Adeline; Wessell, Kathryn Ruda; Casselman, Jason; Toller-Artis, Erin; Olasokan, Olapeju; Hostoffer, Robert W.

    2015-01-01

    Nocardia brain abscesses are a known occurrence in patients with immunocompromised conditions. Nocardial infection is commonly an unfortunate sequela to other complications which these patients are being followed up and treated for. The incidence of nocardial brain abscess in an otherwise healthy patient is extremely rare. We present a case of Nocardia brain abscess in a previously healthy individual, who, upon workup for vision and gait abnormalities, was shown to have multiple brain abscesses and a decreased absolute CD4+ lymphocyte count. Adding to the rarity of our case, the finding of lymphocytopenia in our patient was unrelated to any known predisposing condition or infectious state. PMID:26448886

  5. Obturator internus muscle abscess in children: report of seven cases and review.

    PubMed

    Viani, R M; Bromberg, K; Bradley, J S

    1999-01-01

    Obturator internus muscle (OIM) abscess is an uncommon entity often mistaken for septic arthritis of the hip. We describe seven children with OIM abscess and review seven previously reported cases. The most common presenting symptoms were hip or thigh pain (14 patients), fever (13), and limp (13). The hip was flexed, abducted, and externally rotated in 11 patients. Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography (CT) were diagnostic for OIM abscess in the 14 patients. Associated abscesses were located in the obturator externus muscle (5 patients), psoas muscle (2), and iliac muscle (1). The etiologic agents were Staphylococcus aureus (8 patients), Streptococcus pyogenes (2), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (2), and Enterococcus faecalis (1). Three patients underwent CT-guided percutaneous drainage, and three had surgical drainage. Three patients had ischial osteomyelitis in addition to OIM abscess. The 11 children with uncomplicated OIM abscess were treated for a median of 28 days. All patients had an uneventful recovery.

  6. [Putaminal abscess occurring at the site of hemorrhage: a case report].

    PubMed

    Sumioka, S; Kajikawa, H; Yamamura, K; Furuse, M; Kajikawa, M; Pant, B

    1996-09-01

    Brain abscesses following stroke have been reported only rarely. We presented a case of putaminal abscess following putaminal hemorrhage. The patient was admitted to our hospital because of acute onset of left hemiplegia. The size of the hematoma was medium and the patient was conservatively treated. In about two months after the ictus, he became intermittently febrile and laboratory examinations suggested the presence of general infections including meningitis. Meanwhile, CT and MRI revealed clearly abscess formation at the site of the hematoma with remarkable brain edema. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis showed the findings of meningitis. On diagnosis of brain abscess, stereotactic exploration was performed and pus mixed with old blood was aspirated. Bacteriological study of the specimen demonstrated Morganella morganii. Postoperative course was uneventful and the abscess cavity gradually subsided following drainage and irrigation of the abscess cavity.

  7. A case report of pancreatic metastasis from synovial sarcoma successfully treated by metastasectomy with adjuvant chemotherapy

    PubMed Central

    Makino, Yuki; Shigekawa, Minoru; Kegasawa, Tadashi; Suda, Takahiro; Yoshioka, Teppei; Iwahashi, Kiyoshi; Ikezawa, Kenji; Sakamori, Ryotaro; Yakushijin, Takayuki; Kajihara, Jun; Tomimaru, Yoshito; Eguchi, Hidetoshi; Imura, Yoshinori; Outani, Hidetatsu; Naka, Norifumi; Honma, Keiichiro; Morii, Eiichi; Tatsumi, Tomohide; Hiramatsu, Naoki; Takehara, Tetsuo

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Introduction: Synovial sarcoma is a malignant soft tissue sarcoma which arises near joints. The most frequent metastasis sites of synovial sarcoma are the lungs, lymph nodes, and bone. Pancreatic metastasis is quite rare; only 3 cases have been reported worldwide to date. We herein present the 4th case of pancreatic metastasis from synovial sarcoma. Methods and Results: A 32-year-old man underwent extended excision of synovial sarcoma in the left pelvis and femur in 2009. In 2013, follow-up contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed a 35-mm heterogeneously enhanced mass in the pancreas body. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration of the mass revealed a diffuse proliferation of atypical spindle cells in a fascicular arrangement. Because the histology was quite similar to the resected specimen of synovial sarcoma in 2009, the mass was suspected to be a metastasis from synovial sarcoma. Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy with adjuvant adriamycin/ifosfamide chemotherapy was subsequently performed. Synovial sarcoma-specific SS18-SSX1 (synovial sarcoma translocation, chromosome 18-synovial sarcoma X1) or SS18-SSX2 chimera mRNA was detected in the resected specimen, confirming the diagnosis of metastasis from synovial sarcoma. The patient did well for 30 months without recurrence. Conclusion: This case suggests that pancreatic metastasis from synovial sarcoma can be successfully treated by metastasectomy with adjuvant chemotherapy. PMID:27684804

  8. [Cryptococcal meningitis successfully treated with liposomal amphotericin B and voriconazole in an elderly patient].

    PubMed

    Ogaki, Kotaro; Noda, Kazuyuki; Fukae, Jiro; Furuya, Tsuyoshi; Hirayama, Takashi; Fujishima, Kenji; Hattori, Nobutaka; Okuma, Yasuyuki

    2010-12-01

    Abstract An 81-year-old woman who had microscopic polyangiitis that was being treated with corticosteroids for 2 months was admitted to our department because of fever and clouding of consciousness. Neurological examination showed disturbance of consciousness and nuchal stiffness. Analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) revealed pleocytosis, low glucose level, and elevated protein levels. On the basis of the presence of Cryptococcus neoformans in CSF, the patient was diagnosed with cryptococcal meningitis. On the basis of established practice guidelines, liposomal amphotericin B (L-AMB) was administered to avoid the possible nephrotoxicity of amphotericin B. After the treatment was started, the patient's condition gradually improved. The results of CSF analysis also showed a gradual recovery. Because the cryptococcal antigen in CSF did not disappear completely, voriconazole (VRCZ) was administered orally; subsequently, the CSF cryptococcal antigen titer gradually decreased. During the course of the treatment with L-AMB and VRCZ, there were no severe side effects that required a change in treatment. To the best of our knowledge, in Japan, the combination of L-AMB and VRCZ has rarely been reported to be effective for the treatment of cryptococcal meningitis. The recovery of our patient indicates that the administration of L-AMB and VRCZ to elderly patients with cryptococcal meningitis and renal insufficiency is safe and leads to a successful outcome.

  9. Refractory linear IgA bullous dermatosis successfully treated with mycophenolate sodium.

    PubMed

    Marzano, Angelo V; Ramoni, Stefano; Spinelli, Diana; Alessi, Elvio; Berti, Emilio

    2008-01-01

    Linear IgA bullous dermatosis (LABD) is a rare, blistering autoimmune disease characterized by linear deposits of IgA at the basement membrane zone (BMZ), with the possible presence of circulating IgA anti-BMZ antibodies. LABD of childhood is usually self-healing, while in adults it follows a more prolonged course and refractory cases may rarely occur. The first-line treatment for LABD is dapsone in monotherapy or in combination with systemic corticosteroids, but various therapeutic approaches have been used in non-responder patients. We report two adult patients with refractory LABD successfully treated with enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS), a recently introduced formulation of mycophenolic acid (MPA). MPA is an immunosuppressive agent that acts by inhibiting monophosphate dehydrogenase, a key enzyme in the novo synthesis of purines. Based on the present cases, we indicate EC-MPS as being a safe and effective adjuvant therapy in the treatment of LABD when dapsone or the other steroid-sparing drugs fail. It seems to offer an improved gastric side effect profile in comparison with the classic formulation of MPA, namely its ester mycophenolate mofetil (MMF).

  10. [Cryptococcus Neoformans Var. Gattii meningoencephalitis with cryptococcoma in an immunocompetent patient successfully treated by surgical resection].

    PubMed

    Inada, Taku; Imamura, Hirotoshi; Kawamoto, Michi; Sekiya, Hiroaki; Imai, Yukihiro; Tani, Shoichi; Adachi, Hidemitsu; Ishikawa, Tatsuya; Mineharu, Yohei; Asai, Katsunori; Ikeda, Hiroyuki; Ogura, Takenori; Shibata, Teishiki; Beppu, Mikiya; Agawa, Yuji; Shimizu, Kanpei; Sakai, Nobuyuki; Kikuchi, Haruhiko

    2014-02-01

    Cryptococcosis is a fungal infection, which mainly invades the lungs and central nervous system. In Japan, most cases of cryptococcosis are caused by Cryptococcus neoformans(C. neoformans). Until now, only three cases which the infectious agent was Cryptococcus neoformans var. gattii(C. gattii)have been reported. As compared with cryptococcosis caused by C. neoformans, which is often observed in immunocompromised hosts, cryptococcosis caused by C. gattii occurs predominantly in immunocompetent hosts and is resistant to antifungal drugs. Here, we report a case of refractory cerebral cryptococcoma that was successfully treated by surgical resection of the lesions. A 33-year-old man with no medical history complained of headache, hearing disturbance, and irritability. Pulmonary CT showed a nodular lesion in the left lung. Cerebrospinal fluid examination with Indian ink indicated cryptococcal meningitis, and PCR confirmed infection with C. gattii. C. gattii is usually seen in the tropics and subtropics. Since this patient imported trees and soils from abroad to feed stag beetles, parasite or fungal infection was, as such, suspected. Although he received 2 years of intravenous and intraventricular antifungal treatment, brain cryptococcomas were formed and gradually increased. Because of the refractory clinical course, the patient underwent surgical resection of the cerebral lesions. With continuation of antifungal drugs for 6 months after the surgeries, Cryptococcus could not be cultured from cerebrospinal fluid, and no lesions were seen on MR images. If cerebral cryptococcosis responds poorly to antifungal agents, surgical treatment of the cerebral lesion should be considered.

  11. Infundibuloneurohypophysitis Associated With Sjögren Syndrome Successfully Treated With Mycophenolate Mofetil

    PubMed Central

    Louvet, Camille; Maqdasy, Salwan; Tekath, Marielle; Grobost, Vincent; Rieu, Virginie; Ruivard, Marc; Le Guenno, Guillaume

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Hypophysitis is an inflammatory disorder of the pituitary gland and corticosteroids are usually recommended as the first-line treatment. Hypophysitis related to primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS) is uncommon. We describe the unusual case of a patient with infundibuloneurohypophysitis associated with pSS successfully treated with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF). We describe a case of a 60-year-old man with a medical history of pSS presented with central diabetes insipidus and panhypopituitarism. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a thickening of the pituitary stalk and intense enhancement of the posterior pituitary, pituitary stalk, and hypothalamus. We diagnosed infundibuloneurohypophysitis associated with pSS. Hormonal replacement was started immediately and MMF was introduced without corticosteroids. After 9 months of treatment, MRI of the pituitary revealed a complete regression of the nodular thickening of the pituitary stalk, with normal enhancement and appearance of the pituitary. The pituitary axes had completely recovered, whereas the diabetes insipidus was partially restored. Our findings suggest that MMF is an effective alternative to corticosteroids for the treatment of lymphocytic hypophysitis associated with an autoimmune disease. Furthermore, this report could contribute to extend the spectrum of the neurological and endocrinological manifestations of pSS. PMID:27043673

  12. A case of intimal sarcoma of the pulmonary artery successfully treated with chemotherapy.

    PubMed

    Xu, Yanjie; Wang, Kai; Geng, Yiting; Shao, Yongfeng; Yin, Yongmei

    2012-10-01

    Intimal sarcoma of pulmonary artery (PAIS) is a rare disease with no characteristic symptoms. No standard therapeutic guidelines have been established so far. A 55-year-old woman who underwent pulmonary endarterectomy in 2005 with a pathological and immunohistochemical result of PAIS was re-admitted to our hospital on August 24, 2009, presenting with cough and dyspnea. The thoracic computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a 12.5 cm × 9 cm well-defined mass in the right lobe, considered a local neoplasm recurrence after a 44 month symptom-free period. As surgical resection was not proposed, she received combined chemotherapy consisting of doxorubicin, cisplatin, and ifosfamide for two cycles. Because of intolerable side effects, she received vinorelbine and cisplatin for the next four cycles. CT scans after six cycles showed remarkable regression of the tumor. After that, she began to take oral cyclophosphamide (50 mg t.i.d) everyday as a maintenance therapy. As of the time of writing, 19 months after the onset of the recurrence, she remains stable. Several antineoplastic drugs have been reported to be used in PAIS, with poor effects in most cases. To our knowledge, this is the first case of PAIS that has been successfully treated by a vinorelbine-based regimen used as second-line chemotherapy. Vinorelbine is a promising drug that may be relatively well tolerated in heavily pretreated patients with PAIS.

  13. Acute abrin poisoning treated with continuous renal replacement therapy and hemoperfusion successfully: A case report.

    PubMed

    Huang, Jiliang; Zhang, Wenbin; Li, Xin; Feng, Shufen; Ye, Gang; Wei, Hongcheng; Gong, Xiaobing

    2017-07-01

    Abrin is a highly toxic protein obtained from the seeds of Abrus precatorius, but poisoning due to ingestion of A precatorius is extremely rare in China. A 16-year-old girl, perfectly healthy before, was admitted to the department of gastroenterology owing to intentional ingestion of 10 crushed A precatorius seeds, with multiple episodes of somnolent and anxious mental status, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, hematochezia, and hematuria. Acute abrin poisoning. We immediately took effective measures including gastric lavage, purgation, gastric acid suppression by proton pump inhibitor (PPI), liver protection, hemostasis, blood volume and electrolytes resuscitation, continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), and hemoperfusion (HP). Her unwell mental status was improved to the point at which she became conscious and relaxed. The symptoms of vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, hematochezia, and hematuria disappeared gradually. The girl eventually made an excellent recovery with no complications at her 3-month follow-up. The combination of CRRT and HP is an efficient measure in the treatment of abrin poisoning for which there is no specific antidote. This is the first reported case of an abrin poisoning patient successfully treated by CRRT plus HP. Our experience will be useful to other physicians in managing patients of acute abrin poisoning in the future.

  14. A Case of Polyarteritis Nodosa Associated with Vertebral Artery Vasculitis Treated Successfully with Tocilizumab and Cyclophosphamide

    PubMed Central

    Watanabe, Kae; Rajderkar, Dhanashree A.; Modica, Renee F.

    2016-01-01

    Pediatric polyarteritis nodosa is rare systemic necrotizing arteritis involving small- and medium-sized muscular arteries characterized by aneurysmal dilatations involving the vessel wall. Aneurysms associated with polyarteritis nodosa are common in visceral arteries; however intracranial aneurysms have also been reported and can be associated with central nervous system symptoms, significant morbidity, and mortality. To our knowledge extracranial involvement of the vertebral arteries has not been reported but has the potential to be deleterious due to fact that they supply the central nervous system vasculature. We present a case of a 3-year-old Haitian boy with polyarteritis nodosa that presented with extracranial vessel involvement of his vertebral arteries. After thorough diagnostic imaging, including a bone scan, ultrasound, Magnetic Resonance Imaging/Angiography, and Computed Tomography Angiography, he was noted to have vertebral artery vasculitis, periostitis, subacute epididymoorchitis, arthritis, and myositis. He met diagnostic criteria for polyarteritis nodosa and was treated with cyclophosphamide, methylprednisolone, and tocilizumab, which resulted in improvement of his inflammatory markers, radiographic findings, and physical symptoms after treatment. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of vertebral artery vasculitis in polyarteritis nodosa as well as successful treatment of the condition using the combination cyclophosphamide and tocilizumab for this condition. PMID:27018080

  15. Myositis in a patient with familial Mediterranean fever and spondyloarthritis successfully treated with anakinra.

    PubMed

    Estublier, Charline; Stankovic Stojanovic, Katia; Bergerot, Jean-François; Broussolle, Christiane; Sève, Pascal

    2013-12-01

    Familial Mediterranean fever is an autosomal-recessive autoinflammatory disorder more commonly observed in Mediterranean populations and characterized by recurrent episodes of fever, serositis, myalgia and arthritis. There is rarely any association with spondyloarthritis. The most important long-term complication is progressive systemic type AA amyloidosis. Treatment with colchicine is effective in reducing the frequency of attacks and prevents the development of amyloidosis. However, 5% of cases are considered resistant to colchicine. We here describe the case of a 39-year-old man, with a history of arthritis, arthralgias, and sacroiliitis in the course of a familial Mediterranean fever. He is homozygous for the M694I mutation in the MEFV gene. He subsequently developed myositis of the right quadriceps muscle confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging, electromyography and histology. He had frequent and severe arthralgias, despite colchicine, then etanercept and adalimumab, impairing his quality of life. The patient was successfully treated with the IL-1 receptor antagonist anakinra with a dramatic improvement of muscular and articular symptoms. To our knowledge, our patient is the first patient with coexisting FMF, spondyloarthritis and myositis responding to anakinra treatment. Moreover this is the second case in the literature of myositis associated with familial Mediterranean fever. Copyright © 2013 Société française de rhumatologie. Published by Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.

  16. Amebic abscess of urachal remnants.

    PubMed

    Catanzaro, D; Mirk, P; Carbone, A; Macis, G; Danza, F M

    2001-06-01

    We report a rare case of amebic abscess of the urachus, mimicking an urachal neoplasm: no previous reports of amebic infection of the urachus were found in the literature. The challenges of the differential diagnosis between urachal abscess and carcinomas based both on clinical and radiological data are discussed.

  17. Intracranial abscess in Ectopia Cordis.

    PubMed

    Merola, Joseph; Tipper, Geoffrey Adrian; Hussain, Zakier; Balakrishnan, Venkataraman; Gan, Peter

    2014-08-25

    We present a case of intracranial abscess in a young female with Ectopia Cordis, an exceptionally rare cardiac condition. The neurosurgical implication is the predisposition to intracranial abscess formation. A heightened awareness of this association will aid diagnosis in similar clinical scenarios.

  18. Nocardia spinal epidural abscess: 14-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    West, Kristoffer R; Mason, Robert C; Sun, Mike

    2012-01-16

    This article describes an immunocompetent patient with a spinal abscess that developed from Nocardia asteroides. Nocardia is a rare etiology for spinal abscesses, especially in immunocompetent patients. Nocardia usually affects the lungs and brain of immunocompromised individuals. Few reports of Nocardia involving bones or the spine have been published.The patient had a history of chronic back pain and had several procedures to alleviate the pain. In August 1997, the patient had an epidural block and a subsequent infection that was treated with antibiotics. In October 1997, she developed increasing back pain greater than her baseline chronic low back pain. Additional presenting symptoms were fever, chills, and nausea. On admission, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed an epidural abscess. The patient underwent irrigation and debridement. Postoperatively, the patient was initially placed on broad-spectrum antibiotics. After 38 days, the culture was identified as N asteroides, and the patient was placed on appropriate antibiotics. The patient has been followed with MRI prior to the discovery of the abscess and annually since the abscess due to her baseline chronic low back pain. No residual abscess was discovered. Copyright 2012, SLACK Incorporated.

  19. Pituitary abscess: a case report and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Karagiannis, Apostolos K A; Dimitropoulou, Fotini; Papatheodorou, Athanasios; Lyra, Stavroula; Seretis, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    Summary Pituitary abscess is a rare life-threating entity that is usually misdiagnosed as a pituitary tumor with a definite diagnosis only made postoperatively. Over the last several decades, advances in healthcare have led to a significant decrease in morbidity and mortality due to pituitary abscess. We report a case of a 34-year-old woman who was admitted to our department for investigation of a pituitary mass and with symptoms of pituitary dysfunction, headaches and impaired vision. During her admission, she developed meningitis-like symptoms and was treated with antibiotics. She eventually underwent transsphenoidal surgery for excision of the pituitary mass. A significant amount of pus was evident intraoperatively; however, no pathogen was isolated. Six months later, the patient was well and had full recovery of the anterior pituitary function. Her menses returned, and she was only on treatment with desmopressin for diabetes insipidus that developed postoperatively. Learning points Pituitary abscess is a rare disease and the reported clinical features vary mimicking other pituitary lesions. The diagnosis of pituitary abscess is often very difficult to make and rarely included in the differential. The histological findings of acute inflammatory infiltration confirm the diagnosis of pituitary abscess. Medical and surgical treatment is usually recommended upon diagnosis of a pituitary abscess. PMID:27274845

  20. Community-Acquired Methicillin-Resistant Pyogenic Liver Abscess

    PubMed Central

    Cherian, Joel; Singh, Rahul; Varma, Muralidhar; Vidyasagar, Sudha; Mukhopadhyay, Chiranjay

    2016-01-01

    Pyogenic liver abscesses are rare with an incidence of 0.5% to 0.8% and are mostly due to hepatobiliary causes (40% to 60%). Most are polymicrobial with less than 10% being caused by Staphylococcus aureus. Of these, few are caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and fewer still by a community-acquired strain. Here we present a case study of a patient with a community-acquired MRSA liver abscess. The patient presented with fever since 1 month and tender hepatomegaly. Blood tests revealed elevated levels of alkaline phosphatase, C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and neutrophilic leukocytosis. Blood cultures were sterile. Ultrasound of the abdomen showed multiple abscesses, from which pus was drained and MRSA isolated. Computed tomography of the abdomen did not show any source of infection, and an amebic serology was negative. The patient was started on vancomycin for 2 weeks, following which he became afebrile and was discharged on oral linezolid for 4 more weeks. Normally a liver abscess is treated empirically with ceftriaxone for pyogenic liver abscess and metronidazole for amebic liver abscess. However, if the patient has risk factors for a Staphylococcal infection, it is imperative that antibiotics covering gram-positive organisms be added while waiting for culture reports. PMID:27540556

  1. Psoas abscesses complicating colonic disease: imaging and therapy.

    PubMed

    Lobo, D N; Dunn, W K; Iftikhar, S Y; Scholefield, J H

    1998-11-01

    Most surgeons think of psoas abscesses as a very rare condition related to tuberculosis of the spine, but in contemporary surgical practice they are more usually a complication of gastrointestinal disease. A case note study was undertaken on all patients treated for psoas abscess at two large hospitals in the mid-Trent region over a 2-year period. All seven patients presented with pyrexia, psoas spasm, a tender mass and leucocytosis. The diagnosis was made on abdominal radiographs in one patient, CT scan in three, MRI in two, and ultrasound in one. Aetiological factors included Crohn's disease in three, appendicitis in two, and sigmoid diverticulitis and metastatic colorectal carcinoma in one each. Six patients underwent transabdominal resection of the diseased bowel, retroperitoneal debridement and external drainage of the abscess cavity. Percutaneous drainage was performed in one. Two patients had more than one surgical exploration for complications. There were no deaths and the hospital stay ranged from 8-152 days. Psoas abscess can be a difficult and protracted problem. Bowel resection, thorough debridement, external drainage and concomitant antibiotics are essential for psoas abscesses complicating gastrointestinal disease. Defunctioning stomas may be necessary. However, in some cases a multidisciplinary approach may be required, as psoas abscesses can involve bone and joints.

  2. An archetype of the collaborative efforts of psychotherapy and psychopharmacology in successfully treating dissociative identity disorder with comorbid bipolar disorder.

    PubMed

    Lakshmanan, Manu N; Meier, Stacey L Colton; Meier, Robert S; Lakshmanan, Ramaswamy

    2010-07-01

    We present a case where dissociative identity disorder was effectively treated with memory retrieval psychotherapy. However, the patient's comorbid bipolar disorder contributed to the patient's instability and fortified the amnesiac barriers that exist between alter personality states in dissociative identity disorder, which made memory retrieval difficult to achieve. Implications from this case indicate that a close collaboration between psychologist and psychiatrist focused on carefully diagnosing and treating existing comorbid conditions may be the most important aspect in treating dissociative identity disorder. We present our experience of successfully treating a patient with dissociative identity disorder and bipolar disorder using this collaborative method.

  3. An Archetype of the Collaborative Efforts of Psychotherapy and Psychopharmacology in Successfully Treating Dissociative Identity Disorder with Comorbid Bipolar Disorder

    PubMed Central

    Lakshmanan, Manu N.; Meier, Stacey L. Colton; Meier, Robert S.

    2010-01-01

    We present a case where dissociative identity disorder was effectively treated with memory retrieval psychotherapy. However, the patient’s comorbid bipolar disorder contributed to the patient’s instability and fortified the amnesiac barriers that exist between alter personality states in dissociative identity disorder, which made memory retrieval difficult to achieve. Implications from this case indicate that a close collaboration between psychologist and psychiatrist focused on carefully diagnosing and treating existing comorbid conditions may be the most important aspect in treating dissociative identity disorder. We present our experience of successfully treating a patient with dissociative identity disorder and bipolar disorder using this collaborative method. PMID:20805917

  4. Dental abscess: A microbiological review

    PubMed Central

    Shweta; Prakash, S Krishna

    2013-01-01

    Dental abscess is a frequently occurring infectious process known to the health practice. The fate of the infection depends on the virulence of the bacteria, host resistance factors, and regional anatomy. Serious consequences arising from the spread of a dental abscess lead to significant morbidity and mortality. Acute dental abscess is polymicrobial, comprising of strict anaerobes, such as anaerobic cocci, Prevotella, Fusobacterium species, and facultative anaerobes, such as viridans group streptococci and the Streptococcus anginosus group. Numerous novel, uncultivable and fastidious organisms have been identified as potential pathogens with the use of non-culture techniques. The majority of localized dental abscesses respond to surgical treatment while the use of antimicrobials is limited to severe spreading infections. There is a need for good-quality clinical trials of sufficient size to identify the ideal treatment. The microbiology of the acute dentoalveolar abscess and its treatment in the light of improved culture and diagnostic methods are reviewed. PMID:24348613

  5. Propionibacterium acnes prosthetic valve endocarditis with abscess formation: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Endocarditis due to Propionibacterium acnes is a rare disease. Scant data on treatment of these infections is available and is based on case reports only. If the disease is complicated by abscess formation, surgical intervention combined with an antibiotic therapy might improve clinical outcome. In some cases, cardiac surgeons are reluctant to perform surgery, since they consider the intervention as high risk. Therefore, a conservative therapy is required, with little, if any evidence to choose the optimal antibiotic. We report the first case of a successfully treated patient with P. acnes prosthetic valve endocarditis without surgery. Case presentation We report the case of a 29-year-old patient with a prosthetic valve endocarditis and composite graft infection with abscess formation of the left ventricular outflow tract due to P. acnes. Since cardiac surgery was considered as high risk, the patient was treated intravenously with ceftriaxone 2 g qd and rifampin 600 mg bid for 7 weeks and was switched to an oral therapy with levofloxacin 500 mg bid and rifampin 600 mg bid for an additional 6 months. Two sets of blood cultures collected six weeks after completion of treatment remained negative. The patient is considered to be cured based on absence of clinical signs and symptoms, normal laboratory parameters, negative radiology scans and negative blood cultures, determined at site visits over two years after completion of treatment. Conclusion To our knowledge, this is the first successfully managed patient with P. acnes prosthetic valve endocarditis with abscess formation of the left ventricular outflow tract who was treated with antibiotics alone without a surgical intervention. A six month treatment with a rifampin and levofloxacin combination was chosen, based on the excellent activity against stationary-phase and adherent bacteria. PMID:24568204

  6. Spinal epidural abscess as a result of dissemination from gluteal abscess secondary to intramuscular analgesic injection.

    PubMed

    Sasani, Mehdi; Aydin, Ozlem; Aydin, Ahmet Levent; Oktenoglu, Tunc; Ozer, Ali Fahir; Ercelen, Omur

    2009-01-01

    Spinal epidural abscess is a collection of suppurative material that forms between the dura mater and the ligamentum flavum. If not recognized early and treated correctly, it can lead to life-threatening sepsis. Here we report the case of a female patient, 51 years of age, with difficulty walking and bilateral leg pain after having had degenerative discogenic pain for many years. The patient had occasionally received intramuscular non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug injections. The current report is that of an unusual case of epidural abscess that formed following multiple dose of intramuscular non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug over a 1-year period. Hematogenous or direct dissemination is the suspected cause. To prevent serious morbidity and mortality, early diagnosis is essential. Patients with localized back pain who are at risk for developing such epidural spinal abscesses should receive a magnetic resonance imaging scan with contrast enhancement without delay. The existence of predisposing factors such as intramuscular injections should be considered in the assessment of suspected spinal epidural abscess.

  7. Protocol-based management of 154 cases of pediatric liver abscess.

    PubMed

    Roy Choudhury, Subhasis; Khan, Niyaz Ahmed; Saxena, Rahul; Yadav, Partap Singh; Patel, Jigar N; Chadha, Rajiv

    2017-02-01

    Although liver abscess (LA) is prevalent worldwide, especially in developing countries, there is a paucity of data regarding the protocol for management of LA in children. The aim of this study was to analyze the outcome of a protocol-based management of pediatric LA from a single institution. This prospective observational study was conducted in a tertiary-care children's hospital and included all patients with LA managed over a 5-year period. Detailed clinical, laboratory, microbiological and imaging parameters were recorded, and the patients were treated according to a standardized management protocol. Small abscesses (<5 cm) and those with solid appearance on initial ultra-sonogram (US) were managed with antimicrobial therapy alone. Liquefied abscesses on imaging were additionally subjected to US guided percutaneous needle aspirations (PNA). Large abscesses pointing to the surface were treated by percutaneous drainage (PCD). Ruptured LA, abscess inaccessible to image-guided drainage and those not responding to other modes of treatment were subjected to open surgical drainage (OSD). Pleural collections were treated by aspirations or intercostal tube drainage. Outcome was analyzed in terms of duration of recovery and complications including mortality. Over the 5-year period, 154 pediatric LA patients underwent protocol-based management. The mean age of the patients was 6.76 years with the male:female being 1.26:1. Medical management alone, PNA, PCD and OSD were successful in 38 (24.6%), 76 (49.3%), 11 (7.14%) and 29 (18.8%) cases, respectively. Pleural collections developed in 43 (27.9%) patients out of which aspiration/drainage was needed in 24 (55.81%) cases. The mean duration of hospital stay was 20.67 ± 9.52 days. Ongoing sepsis and multi-organ failure lead to mortality in 6 (3.8%) cases; rest of the patients were doing well on follow-up. Ultra-sonography was useful for the initial diagnosis, monitoring the progress and management of LA in children. The

  8. Contrast Sensitivity in Microtropic and Anisometropic Eyes of Successfully Treated Amblyopes

    PubMed Central

    Öner, Özlem; Akça Bayar, Sezin; Oto, Sibel; Gökmen, Onur; Tekindal, Mustafa Agah

    2017-01-01

    Objectives: To assess and compare contrast sensitivity function in the previously amblyopic and non-amblyopic “normal” eyes of patients with microtropia and anisometropia who achieved 20/20 visual acuity after occlusion therapy. Materials and Methods: Contrast sensitivity was tested monocularly on both eyes of 34 successfully treated microtropic and 15 anisometropic subjects (visual acuity 20/20 in both eyes). Contrast sensitivity function was evaluated by CSV-1000E and age-matched nomograms were used (spatial frequencies of 3, 6, 12, and 18 cycles per degree [cpd]) for comparison. Results: The mean age of subjects was 11.2±1.3 years in the microtropic group, 9.8±1.7 years in the anisometropic group (7-12 years); the mean follow-up time was 16.4±3.2 months (12 to 92) in the microtropic group and 27.7±1.8 months (12-84) in the anisometropic group. Statistical comparison of the microtropic amblyopic eyes versus non-microtropic eyes showed significant differences at spatial frequencies of 3, 12 and 18 cpd (3 cpd, t=2.8, p=0.007; 6 cpd, t=1.1 p=0.261; 12 cpd, t=2.2, p=0.033; 18 cpd, t=2.2, p=0.030). When anisometropic eyes were compared with non-anisometropic eyes, there was a significant difference only at 12 cpd (t=2.1 p=0.049). The comparison of non-amblyopic eyes versus age-matched nomograms revealed no differences at any of the spatial frequencies (p>0.05 for all). Conclusion: Contrast sensitivity was decreased in patients with amblyopia, especially in the microtropic group. The assessment of contrast sensitivity function may serve as a new parameter for termination of occlusion therapy. PMID:28405480

  9. Frequency of HIV-1 Viral Load Monitoring of Patients Initially Successfully Treated with Combination Antiretroviral Therapy

    PubMed Central

    Romih, Vanja; Židovec Lepej, Snježana; Gedike, Kornelija; Lukas, Davorka; Begovac, Josip

    2010-01-01

    Background Although considered an essential tool for monitoring the effect of combination antiretroviral treatment (CART), HIV-1 RNA (viral load, VL) testing is greatly influenced by cost and availability of resources. Objectives To examine whether HIV infected patients who were initially successfully treated with CART have less frequent monitoring of VL over time and whether CART failure and other HIV-disease and sociodemographic characteristics are associated with less frequent VL testing. Methods The study included patients who started CART in the period 1999–2004, were older than 18 years, CART naive, had two consecutive viral load measurements of <400 copies/ml after 5 months of treatment and had continuous CART during the first 15 months. The time between two consecutive visits (days) was the outcome and associated factors were assessed using linear mixed models. Results We analyzed a total of 128 patients with 1683 visits through December 2009. CART failure was observed in 31 (24%) patients. When adjusted for the follow-up time, the mean interval between two consecutive VL tests taken in patients before CART failure (155.2 days) was almost identical to the interval taken in patients who did not fail CART (155.3 days). On multivariable analysis, we found that the adjusted estimated time between visits was 150.9 days before 2003 and 177.6 in 2008/2009. A longer time between visits was observed in seafarers compared to non-seafarers; the mean difference was 30.7 days (95% CI, 14.0 to 47.4; p<0.001); and in individuals who lived more than 160 kilometers from the HIV treatment center (mean difference, 16 days, p = 0.010). Conclusions Less frequent monitoring of VL became common in recent years and was not associated with failure. We identified seafarers as a population with special needs for CART monitoring and delivery. PMID:21124844

  10. Microbial succession in a compost-packed biofilter treating benzene-contaminated air.

    PubMed

    Borin, Sara; Marzorati, Massimo; Brusetti, Lorenzo; Zilli, Mario; Cherif, Hanene; Hassen, Abdennaceur; Converti, Attilio; Sorlini, Claudia; Daffonchio, Daniele

    2006-03-01

    Air artificially contaminated with increasing concentrations of benzene was treated in a laboratory scale compost-packed biofilter for 240 days with a removal efficiency of 81-100%. The bacterial community in the packing material (PM) at different heights of the biofilter was analysed every 60 days. Bacterial plate counts and ribosomal intergenic spacer analysis (RISA) of the isolated strains showed that the number of cultivable aerobic heterotrophic bacteria and the species diversity increased with benzene availability. Identification of the isolated species and the main bands in denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) profiles from total compost DNA during the treatment revealed that, at a relatively low volumetric benzene load (1.2< or =VBL< or =6.4 g m(-3) (PM) h(-1)), besides low G+C Gram positive bacteria, originally present in the packing compost, bacteroidetes and beta- and gamma-proteobacteria became detectable in the colonising population. At the VBL value (24.8 g m(-3) (PM) h(-1)) ensuring the maximum elimination capacity of the biofilter (20.1 g m(-3) (PM) h(-1)), strains affiliated to the genus Rhodococcus dominated the microflora, followed by beta-proteobacteria comprising the genera Bordetella and Neisseria. Under these conditions, more than 35% of the isolated strains were able to grow on benzene as the sole carbon source. Comparison of DGGE and automated RISA profiles of the total community and isolated strains showed that a complex bacterial succession occurred in the reactor in response to the increasing concentrations of the pollutant and that cultivable bacteria played a major role in benzene degradation under the adopted conditions.

  11. Catatonia after deep brain stimulation successfully treated with lorazepam and right unilateral electroconvulsive therapy: a case report.

    PubMed

    Quinn, Davin K; Rees, Caleb; Brodsky, Aaron; Deligtisch, Amanda; Evans, Daniel; Khafaja, Mohamad; Abbott, Christopher C

    2014-09-01

    The presence of a deep brain stimulator (DBS) in a patient who develops neuropsychiatric symptoms poses unique diagnostic challenges and questions for the treating psychiatrist. Catatonia has been described only once, during DBS implantation, but has not been reported in a successfully implanted DBS patient. We present a case of a patient with bipolar disorder and renal transplant who developed catatonia after DBS for essential tremor. The patient was successfully treated for catatonia with lorazepam and electroconvulsive therapy after careful diagnostic workup. Electroconvulsive therapy has been successfully used with DBS in a handful of cases, and certain precautions may help reduce potential risk. Catatonia is a rare occurrence after DBS but when present may be safely treated with standard therapies such as lorazepam and electroconvulsive therapy.

  12. Perianal Abscess and Proctitis by Klebsiella pneumoniae.

    PubMed

    Jeong, Woo Shin; Choi, Sung Youn; Jeong, Eun Haeng; Bang, Ki Bae; Park, Seung Sik; Lee, Dae Sung; Park, Dong Il; Jung, Yoon Suk

    2015-01-01

    Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) can at times cause invasive infections, especially in patients with diabetes mellitus and a history of alcohol abuse. A 61-year-old man with diabetes mellitus and a history of alcohol abuse presented with abdominal and anal pain for two weeks. After admission, he underwent sigmoidoscopy, which revealed multiple ulcerations with yellowish exudate in the rectum and sigmoid colon. The patient was treated with ciprofloxacin and metronidazole. After one week, follow up sigmoidoscopy was performed owing to sustained fever and diarrhea. The lesions were aggravated and seemed webbed in appearance because of damage to the rectal mucosa. Abdominal computed tomography and rectal magnetic resonance imaging were performed, and showed a perianal and perirectal abscess. The patient underwent laparoscopic sigmoid colostomy and perirectal abscess incision and drainage. Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing K. pneumoniae was identified in pus culture. The antibiotics were switched to ertapenem. He improved after surgery and was discharged. K. pneumoniae can cause rapid invasive infection in patients with diabetes and a history of alcohol abuse. We report the first rare case of proctitis and perianal abscess caused by invasive K. pneumoniae infection.

  13. Tularaemia presenting as parapharyngeal abscess: case presentation.

    PubMed

    Koc, S; Gürbüzler, L; Yaman, H; Eyibilen, A; Salman, N; Ekici, A

    2012-05-01

    We report an extremely rare case of the oropharyngeal form of tularaemia, causing a parapharyngeal abscess. A 48-year-old woman presented with fever, sore throat, breathing difficulty and a right-sided neck swelling. This mass had previously been treated with penicillin without response, and had already been surgically drained once in another hospital. On physical examination, the tonsils were exudative and hypertrophic and the pharynx was hyperaemic. A fluctuant, 4 × 4 cm mass was seen on endoscopic examination, originating from the left parapharyngeal area and protruding towards the pyriform sinus, and partly obstructing the airway. Microagglutination test antibody titres for Francisella tularensis were positive (1/1280). The patient healed completely after definitive drainage of the abscess and antimicrobial therapy for 14 days (streptomycin, 2 × 1 g intramuscularly). Tularaemia should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with tonsillopharyngitis, cervical lymphadenitis and parapharyngeal abscess who do not respond to treatment with penicillin, even if they do not live in an endemic region.

  14. Surgical removal of an abscess associated with Fusarium solani from a Kemp's ridley sea turtle (Lepidochelys kempii).

    PubMed

    Williams, Sea Rogers; Sims, Michele A; Roth-Johnson, Lois; Wickes, Brian

    2012-06-01

    A cold-stunned Kemp's ridley sea turtle, Lepidochelys kempii, developed an abscess associated with Fusarium solani, Vibrio alginolyticus, and a Shewenalla species after receiving a bite wound to the front flipper during rehabilitation. The lesion failed to respond to medical therapy and was treated successfully with surgery. Histopathology of the excised tissue demonstrated septic heterophilic inflammation with necrosis and granulation tissue, fungal elements, and bacteria, despite appropriate antimicrobial therapy. Variably thick bands of dense collagenous tissue partially surrounded affected areas which might have limited drug penetration into the tissue. Postoperative healing and eventual releases were uneventful. This is the first report of surgical treatment of cutaneous Fusarium infection in a sea turtle and supports surgery as an effective treatment for a fungal abscess in a reptile.

  15. Surgical management of cervical spinal epidural abscess caused by Brucella melitensis : report of two cases and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Ekici, Mehmet Ali; Ozbek, Zühtü; Gökoğlu, Abdülkerim; Menkü, Ahmet

    2012-06-01

    Spinal epidural abscess, if especially caused by Brucellosis is a very rare disease which is usually a consequence of spondylodiscitis. The spinal column can be affected at any joint; however, the lumbar spine is the most common region, especially at the level of the L4-5 and L5-S1. The frequency of spinal involvement usually seen at the lumbar, thoracic and cervical spine respectively. As an occupational disease in farmers, veterinaries, butchers, laboratory staff and shepherds, brucellosis can also occur by direct contact to animals and infected materials or ingestion of raw cheese, milk or unpasteurized milk products. In this study, we presented two cases with cervical spinal epidural abscess caused by brucella melitensis, which was successfully treated by surgical approach. Initial treatment was combined with antibiotic therapy after the surgery for 3 months.

  16. A catheter-related bloodstream infection caused by Chryseobacterium indologenes successfully treated with antibiotic-lock rescue therapy.

    PubMed

    Corbella, Marta; Brandolini, Micaela; Cambieri, Patrizia; Decembrino, Nunzia; Pagani, Michele; Bottazzi, Andrea; Muzzi, Alba; Zecca, Marco; Mariani, Bianca; Marone, Piero

    2017-07-01

    We report the case of a catheter-related bloodstream infection caused by Chryseobacterium indologenes, an uncommon and multi-resistant pathogen, in a pediatric patient with a long-term vascular access device placed for chemotherapy treatment. The infection was successfully treated with ciprofloxacin antibiotic-lock therapy. This is the first report on successful salvage of a long-term device colonized by multi-resistant Chryseobacterium indologenes.

  17. Long term follow up of prosthetic valve endocarditis: what characteristics identify patients who were treated successfully with antibiotics alone?

    PubMed Central

    Truninger, K; Jost, C; Seifert, B; Vogt, P; Follath, F; Schaffner, A; Jenni, R

    1999-01-01

    OBJECTIVE—To identify predictors for the safe use of antibiotic treatment without reoperation in patients with prosthetic valve endocarditis.
SETTING—Retrospective study in a tertiary care centre.
SUBJECTS AND DESIGN—All 49 episodes of definite prosthetic valve endocarditis (Duke criteria) diagnosed at one institution between 1980 to 1997 were analysed. Ten episodes (20%) were treated with antibiotics only (antibiotic group) and 39 episodes (80%) with combined antibiotic and surgical treatment (surgery group). The analysis included detailed study of hospital records and data on long term follow up which were obtained in all patients by a questionnaire or telephone contact with physician or patient. The length of follow up (mean (SD)) was 41 (32) months in the antibiotic group and 45 (24) months in the surgery group (NS). Long term survival was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by the log-rank test.
RESULTS—There was no significant difference in age, history of previous endocarditis, number of previous heart operations, vegetations, emboli, type of prosthesis, or percentage of early prosthetic valve endocarditis and positive blood cultures between the two groups. In the antibiotic group, there were more enterococcal (50%; p = 0.005) and in the surgery group more staphylococcal infections (55%; p = 0.048). Annular abscesses (p < 0.0001) and aortoventricular dehiscence (p = 0.02) were more common in the surgery group. No patient in the antibiotic group had heart failure. Long term follow up showed no significant difference between the surgery and antibiotic groups regarding late mortality (14% v 18%) and five year rates of recurrent endocarditis (14% v 16%), event related mortality (14% v 3%, log-rank test), and the need for reoperation (14% v 19%; log-rank test). The only patient with conservatively treated staphylococcal prosthetic valve endocarditis died after reoperation for recurrence

  18. Pyogenic Brain Abscess in Thailand

    PubMed Central

    Wiwanitkit, Somsri; Wiwanitkit, Viroj

    2012-01-01

    Pyogenic brain abscess is important in neurology. This infectious disease is fatal and the management is usually complicated. Here, the authors review and discuss the clinical aspects of pyogenic brain abscess found in the earlier reports from a tropical setting in Thailand. The literature review was compiled through standard reference database searching and the derived publications were further extracted to obtain clinical data. The main clinical characteristics of pyogenic brain abscess in this setting were similar to others. However, there are some specific characteristics on the nature of tropical setting. PMID:22754873

  19. Nasalseptal hematoma/abscess: management and outcome in a tertiary hospital of a developing country

    PubMed Central

    Nwosu, Jones N; Nnadede, Peter C

    2015-01-01

    Background Nasal hematoma/abscess is an uncommon entity, but capable of leading to serious consequences if not handled meticulously, and with urgency. Objective To present the management, and outcome of nasal septal hematoma/abscess in a Nigerian tertiary institution. Method Consecutive patients diagnosed with nasal septal hematoma/abscess over a 10-year period, treated at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria, were prospectively studied. The processes leading to diagnosis, treatment, and outcome were sequentially evaluated. Results Fifty-three patients (37 males and 16 females), age 5–65 years (with mean age of 23.10 years), were included. Surgical drainage of the hematoma/abscess, intranasal packing with insertion of drain was performed with total resolution of problem in all the cases. Conclusion Incision and drainage, and intranasal packing with insertion of drain was effective in treating nasal septal hematoma/abscess. PMID:26251577

  20. Recurrent pancreatitis in a patient with familial hypocalciuric hypercalcaemia treated successfully with cinacalcet

    PubMed Central

    Grossman, Ashley; Druce, Maralyn

    2014-01-01

    Summary A 22-year-old female student presented with a history of recurrent pancreatitis. The commonest causes of pancreatitis, including drugs, gallstones, corticosteroids, excess alcohol and hypertriglyceridaemia, were excluded. She was found to have an elevated serum calcium level that was considered to be the cause of her pancreatitis, with a detectable serum parathyroid hormone (PTH). An initial diagnosis of primary hyperparathyroidism was made. However, two neck explorations failed to reveal a parathyroid adenoma. She was referred to our unit three years later as her episodes of pancreatitis were becoming more frequent and her calcium level remained persistently elevated. Her investigations were as follows: elevated adjusted calcium level of 2.79 mmol/l (2.2–2.58), PTH level of 4.2 pmol/l (0.6–6.0), low 24 h urine calcium of 0.3 mmol/l and a urine calcium:creatinine ratio of <0.003. A clinical diagnosis of familial hypocalciuric hypercalcaemia (FHH) was made and confirmed on genetic testing that showed a c.1703 G>A mutation in the calcium-sensing receptor gene. Although the hypercalcaemia of FHH is usually without sequelae due to the generalised changes in calcium sensing, in the presence of this complication she was started on cinacalcet 30 mg daily. She had one further episode of pancreatitis with calcium levels ranging between 2.53 and 2.66 mmol/l. Her cinacalcet was gradually increased to 30 mg three times daily, maintaining her calcium levels in the range of 2.15–2.20 mmol/l. She has not had a further episode of pancreatitis for more than 2 years. FHH is usually a benign condition with minimal complications from hypercalcaemia. Pancreatitis has been reported rarely, and no clear management strategy has been defined in these cases. Cinacalcet was successfully used in treating recurrent pancreatitis in a patient with FHH by maintaining calcium levels in the lower part of the reference range. Whether or not this is an effective long

  1. Invasive aspergillosis successfully treated by combined antifungal therapy and immunosuppressive monotherapy two months following heart transplantation

    PubMed Central

    Żabicki, Bartłomiej; Baszyńska-Wachowiak, Hanna; Straburzyńska-Migaj, Ewa; Juszkat, Robert; Grajek, Stefan; Jemielity, Marek

    2016-01-01

    Invasive aspergillosis is becoming increasingly prevalent, especially following transplantation. Invasive aspergillosis is associated with mortality. Successful therapy is related to early diagnosis and proper therapy. We present the case of a 61-year-old man suffering from invasive aspergillosis 2 months following heart transplantation. He was suffering from hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and he underwent orthotropic heart transplantation. He was readmitted to the Department of Cardiology 69 days following transplantation due to symptoms of productive cough for 5 days. It was accompanied by chest pain, shortness of breath, and fever up to 39°C. He was slightly cyanotic and confused on physical examination. The patient's status deteriorated within the following 2 days. On bronchoscopic specimen examinations Aspergillus mould filaments were detected and the serum galactomannan index was 12.162. His blood saturation decreased to 85%. C-reactive protein serum level increased to 273 mg/l. The patient was admitted to the intensive care unit and intubated due to severe respiratory insufficiency. Computed tomography revealed massive, mostly homogeneous consolidation. The patient was treated with 200 mg of voriconazole and 50 mg of caspofungin daily. Caspofungin therapy was continued for 23 days and voriconazole was administered parenterally for 62 days. Voriconazole therapy was continued orally for 9 months. During combined antifungal therapy, the galactomannan serum index constantly decreased from 12.1 to 0.33 (end-point of caspofungin therapy) and to 0.23 (end-point of voriconazole parenteral administration). His immunosuppressive therapy was limited to calcineurin inhibitor (tacrolimus) monotherapy. Post-treatment imaging 9 months after diagnosis confirmed the efficacy of therapy as a lack of pulmonary infiltration associated with left apical peribronchial scarring as a result of treatment. The present case proved the efficiency of combined (voriconazole and caspofungin

  2. Invasive aspergillosis successfully treated by combined antifungal therapy and immunosuppressive monotherapy two months following heart transplantation.

    PubMed

    Urbanowicz, Tomasz; Żabicki, Bartłomiej; Baszyńska-Wachowiak, Hanna; Straburzyńska-Migaj, Ewa; Juszkat, Robert; Grajek, Stefan; Jemielity, Marek

    2016-06-01

    Invasive aspergillosis is becoming increasingly prevalent, especially following transplantation. Invasive aspergillosis is associated with mortality. Successful therapy is related to early diagnosis and proper therapy. We present the case of a 61-year-old man suffering from invasive aspergillosis 2 months following heart transplantation. He was suffering from hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and he underwent orthotropic heart transplantation. He was readmitted to the Department of Cardiology 69 days following transplantation due to symptoms of productive cough for 5 days. It was accompanied by chest pain, shortness of breath, and fever up to 39°C. He was slightly cyanotic and confused on physical examination. The patient's status deteriorated within the following 2 days. On bronchoscopic specimen examinations Aspergillus mould filaments were detected and the serum galactomannan index was 12.162. His blood saturation decreased to 85%. C-reactive protein serum level increased to 273 mg/l. The patient was admitted to the intensive care unit and intubated due to severe respiratory insufficiency. Computed tomography revealed massive, mostly homogeneous consolidation. The patient was treated with 200 mg of voriconazole and 50 mg of caspofungin daily. Caspofungin therapy was continued for 23 days and voriconazole was administered parenterally for 62 days. Voriconazole therapy was continued orally for 9 months. During combined antifungal therapy, the galactomannan serum index constantly decreased from 12.1 to 0.33 (end-point of caspofungin therapy) and to 0.23 (end-point of voriconazole parenteral administration). His immunosuppressive therapy was limited to calcineurin inhibitor (tacrolimus) monotherapy. Post-treatment imaging 9 months after diagnosis confirmed the efficacy of therapy as a lack of pulmonary infiltration associated with left apical peribronchial scarring as a result of treatment. The present case proved the efficiency of combined (voriconazole and caspofungin

  3. Spinal epidural abscess.

    PubMed

    Krishnamohan, Prashanth; Berger, Joseph R

    2014-11-01

    Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) remains a relatively infrequent diagnosis. Staphylococcus aureus is the most common organism identified, and the infectious source in SEA emanates from skin and soft tissue infections in about 20 % of instances. The thoracic spine is most often involved followed by the lumbar spine. The classic triad of fever, spinal pain, and neurological deficit is present in but a minority of patients. The appearance of neurological deficits with SEA has a significant impact on the prognosis; therefore, early diagnosis is imperative. Magnetic resonance imaging has permitted earlier diagnosis, although significant delays in diagnosis are common due to the nonspecific symptoms that frequently attend the disorder. Due to the rarity of this condition, there have been few randomized controlled trials to evaluate new treatment strategies, and most recommendations regarding treatment are based on case series studies often derived from the experiences at a single center.

  4. Segmental ulcerated perineal hemangioma of infancy: a complex case of PELVIS syndrome successfully treated using a multidisciplinary approach.

    PubMed

    Kaushik, Shivani B; Kwatra, Shawn G; McLean, Thomas W; Powers, Alexander; Atala, Anthony J; Yosipovitch, Gil

    2013-01-01

    We report a case of PELVIS (perineal hemangioma, external genital malformations, lipomyelomeningocele, vesicorenal abnormalities, imperforate anus and skin tag) syndrome in which hemangioma in the perineal area was misdiagnosed at birth as diaper rash. Investigations revealed associated vesicorenal and spinal abnormalities. We emphasize careful diagnosis of suspicious lesions at birth and confirm the successful use of propranolol in treating ulcerated segmental hemangiomas.

  5. [Prostatic abscess: diagnosis and treatment].

    PubMed

    Franco, A; Menéndez, V; Luque, M P; Ribal, M J; Mallafre, J M; Alcover, J; Vilana, R; Carretero, P

    1996-02-01

    Prostatic abscesses are an infrequent pathology, probably due to a better and early management of prostatic infections. Predisposing factors in this pathology are diabetes mellitus, urethral catheterism or manipulation, and immunodepressed states like AIDS. Nowadays, ultrasonography is an excellent diagnostic method of this pathology, and serves as a guidance of directed drainage. We present five cases in which the size of the abscess was determining in relation to the therapeutic attitude. Abscesses of less than 2 cm, measured by transrectal ultrasonography, can be evacuated by directed puncture, followed by antibiotic treatment. When the diameter of the abscess is greater than 2 cm, we realize a perineal drainage with a catheter placed with transrectal ultrasonography. Currently, TUR and other methods seems to be overcome.

  6. Intramedullary Cervical Spinal Cord Abscess.

    PubMed

    Bakhsheshian, Joshua; Kim, Paul E; Attenello, Frank J

    2017-10-01

    Intramedullary spinal cord abscesses are rarely encountered in modern neurosurgical practice. Select patients are at high risk for developing an intramedullary spinal cord abscess, which can result in acute neurologic deficits. Patients with failed conservative management may benefit from early surgical intervention; however, the evidence is limited by level 3 studies. In this case presentation, the patient failed conservative management for a cervical intramedullary spinal cord abscess and developed acute neurologic deficits. The decision was made to perform an urgent cervical laminectomy and drainage to avoid any further decline that may have occurred with continued conservative management. Increased awareness of intramedullary spinal cord abscess is warranted for its clinical suspicion and emergent treatment in select circumstances. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Cerebral abscess of odontogenic origin.

    PubMed

    Mylonas, Anastassios I; Tzerbos, Fotios H; Mihalaki, Maria; Rologis, Dimitrios; Boutsikakis, Iossif

    2007-01-01

    Cerebral abscess is a rare but serious and life-threatening infection. Dental infections have occasionally been reported as the source of bacteria for such an abcess. A 54-year-old man was admitted with a right hemiparesis and epileptic fits. After clinical, laboratory and imaging examination, the diagnosis of a cerebral abscess of the left parietal lobe was made. The intraoral clinical examination as well as a panoramic radiograph confirmed the presence of generalized periodontal disease, multiple dental caries, and periapical pathology. The treatment included: (i) Immediate administration of high-dose intravenous antibiotics and (ii) surgical procedures consisting of craniotomy and resection of the abscess cavity first, and secondly removal of the periodontal, decayed and periapically involved teeth of the patient, in an effort to eradicate all the possible septic foci, presuming the cerebral abscess to be of odontogenic infection. The patient made an uneventful recovery, and 29 months postoperatively he had completely recovered from the hemiparesis.

  8. Novel Peritonsillar Abscess Task Simulator.

    PubMed

    Taylor, Steven R; Chang, C W David

    2014-07-01

    The management of peritonsillar abscesses is a skill developed early in residency training. Although drainage is not technically complicated, the procedure is intimidating to the neophyte. Task simulators have become increasingly common to provide training opportunities in a controlled environment. The authors designed a peritonsillar abscess simulator using a latex moulage of the oral cavity and other common materials. Twelve medical professionals of various levels of experience were instructed to expose, anesthetize, aspirate, and drain the simulated abscess. After completion, a questionnaire was completed by each volunteer. Initial impressions were positive that the model adequately replicated the tasks requisite for abscess drainage and was suitable as an instructional device. The initial construct cost was approximately 10 dollars, with disposables costing roughly 25 cents. Further research is under way to formally assess the simulator for face, content, and construct validity. © American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery Foundation 2014.

  9. Unusual underlying cause of recurrent vulval abscess

    PubMed Central

    Dutta, Debarati; Agur, Wael; Macleod, Calum

    2010-01-01

    An ex-intravenous drug user was admitted four times during a 2 year period from December 2006, with the same complaint of vulval abscess which required repeat incision and drainage procedures. In January 2009, a pelvic x-ray showed widening of the symphysis pubis, marginal irregularities, and severe erosive changes which were consistent with pubic osteomyelitis. She was treated with intravenous ciprofloxacin and clindamycin for 2 weeks and was discharged on oral antibiotics for 6 weeks. She recovered well and her condition has significantly improved with no recurrent infection so far. She is now being followed up every 4–6 weeks at the orthopaedics outpatient clinic. PMID:22461858

  10. [A rarely seen cause of brain abscess: neurotoxocariasis].

    PubMed

    Erdem Kivrak, Esra; Sıpahi, Oğuz Reşat; Korkmaz, Metin; Işikgöz Taşbakan, Meltem; Pullukçu, Hüsnü; Arda, Bilgin; Yamazhan, Tansu; Ulusoy, Sercan

    2014-07-01

    Toxocariasis in man is associated with three syndromes which are visceral larva migrans, ocular larva migrans and covert toxocariasis. Although neurotoxocariasis is defined as the fourth syndrome of toxocariasis, it is usually considered as a neurological disease which is usually concomitant with visceral larva migrans. In this report, a case of brain abscess caused by toxocariasis was presented. A 56 years-old female patient was admitted to our hospital with headache, pain referring to right side of her face and teeth, numbness of forth and fifth finger of her right hand. Cranial diffusion weighted, dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a few non-specific intensities at supratentorial white matter, an approximately 13 x 12 mm lesion without contrast enhancement and a significant edema around the white matter in the left frontal cortex. Histologic examination after stereotactic biopsy of the lesion revealed diffuse histiocyte infiltration. A specific agent could not be detected in the histochemical examination. Western-blot test for toxocariasis in serum and cerebrospinal fluid samples were found positive. She was transferred to the infectious diseases clinic, and albendazole therapy (400 mg, q12h) was started. Albendazole treatment was completed for a total of one month following the regression of the cranial MRI findings on the 14th day of therapy. The patient is recalled for cranial MRI control three months later. However, it was noted that she continued albendazole for three months. Compared to the previous MRI, there were two stabilized T2A hyperintense lesions in left cranial hemisphere and minimally regressed lesions at the level of left frontal centrum semiovale. The patient was successfully treated with albendazole. There was no relapse after six month follow-up. This case was presented to withdraw attention to neurotoxocariasis which may be encountered although rarely in the etiology of encephalitis/ brain abscess.

  11. Pathogenesis of Staphylococcus aureus abscesses.

    PubMed

    Kobayashi, Scott D; Malachowa, Natalia; DeLeo, Frank R

    2015-06-01

    Staphylococcus aureus causes many types of human infections and syndromes-most notably skin and soft tissue infections. Abscesses are a frequent manifestation of S. aureus skin and soft tissue infections and are formed, in part, to contain the nidus of infection. Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (neutrophils) are the primary cellular host defense against S. aureus infections and a major component of S. aureus abscesses. These host cells contain and produce many antimicrobial agents that are effective at killing bacteria, but can also cause non-specific damage to host tissues and contribute to the formation of abscesses. By comparison, S. aureus produces several molecules that also contribute to the formation of abscesses. Such molecules include those that recruit neutrophils, cause host cell lysis, and are involved in the formation of the fibrin capsule surrounding the abscess. Herein, we review our current knowledge of the mechanisms and processes underlying the formation of S. aureus abscesses, including the involvement of polymorphonuclear leukocytes, and provide a brief overview of therapeutic approaches.

  12. Treatment of Acute Puerperal Mastitis and Breast Abscess

    PubMed Central

    Cantlie, Helene Bertrand

    1988-01-01

    Mastitis is a benign infection of the breast if it is treated early. If two days elapse before treatment is started, it can lead to serious complications such as chronic or recurrent mastitis or breast abscess. Treatment consists in frequent nursing and massaging or stripping the breast to keep it empty of milk or pus, and appropriate antibiotics. Incision and drainage of a breast abscess can be done in the office under local anesthesia, and the drainage continued at home by the mother. PMID:21253250

  13. [Complicated amebic liver abscess--course and therapy].

    PubMed

    Nierhaus, A; Pothmann, W; Pollok, J M; Schäfer, P; Mack, D

    1997-08-01

    We report on a case of an amoebic liver abscess acquired during a holiday in Bali. Transdiaphragmatic migration and consecutive atelectasis of the right lung caused respiratory insufficiency, requiring immediate surgical intervention. Complications consisted of massive bleeding into the colon concomitant with a reactivated CMV-infection. In addition, toxins of Clostridium difficile and enterohaemorrhagic E. coli were seen in the faeces. In contrast to the majority of uncomplicated cases of amoebic liver abscess, usually treated with amoebicidal drugs only, surgical intervention was clearly indicated in our patient.

  14. Hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm; a rare complication of amoebic liver abscess.

    PubMed

    Khan, Anam; Pal, Khawaja Muhammad Inam; Khan, Hussain Ijaz

    2011-08-01

    Hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm (HAP) is an infrequently encountered entity, usually seen secondary to blunt or penetrating trauma. The clinical presentation is often due to complications such as intrahepatic or intraperitoneal bleeding as a result of rupture of the pseudoaneurysm. Diagnosis is frequently delayed and made by splanchnic angiography. HAP associated with a liver abscess, has very rarely been described in the literature. We report the case of a 50-year-old man with amoebic liver abscess and right hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm which was suspected on high resolution contrast-enhanced abdominal computer tomography (CT). The lesion was confirmed by arteriography and treated prophylactically with transcatheteter embolization.

  15. Left ventricle to left atrium shunt via a paravalvular abscess.

    PubMed

    Gasparovic, H; Smalcelj, A; Brida, M

    2009-10-01

    Intracardiac fistulas are rare complications of infective endocarditis that contribute to the complexity of surgical management, and impose an additional hemodynamic burden on the already challenged heart. We report on a case of successful surgical management of a paravalvular communication between the left ventricle and the left atrium via an abscess cavity. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart. New York.

  16. First report of a brain abscess caused by Nocardia veterana.

    PubMed

    Arends, J E; Stemerding, A M; Vorst, S P; de Neeling, A J; Weersink, A J L

    2011-12-01

    Among Nocardia species causing infections, Nocardia veterana is rarely isolated and is mostly described as causing pulmonary infections. This is the first presentation of a case of brain abscess attributable to an N. veterana infection in a patient with type 2 diabetes. Prolonged antibiotic therapy with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole led to successful clinical recovery.

  17. [A case of tuberculous pyothorax with retroperitoneal gravitation abscess].

    PubMed

    Inada, T; Ide, H; Shiomi, K; Tsumura, M; Nakamura, Y; Kageyama, H

    1994-07-01

    A 65-year-old woman being treated under the diagnosis of pneumonia was subjected to further evaluation for right back tenderness. Chest radiography revealed a granular, net-like shadow in the right lower lung field, and right pleural thickening with pleural fluid retention. Ultrasonography demonstrated a cystic mass of uniformly low echo density, corresponding to the site of tenderness. This lesion was located on the right renal dorsal, right iliopsoas muscle ventral side. Based on CT findings of internal water density and marginal enhancement, the lesion was diagnosed as an abscess. With the suspicion of right tuberculous pyothorax with retroperitoneal gravitation abscess, puncture was attempted. The diagnosis was confirmed by the presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the specimen. Antituberculosis chemotherapy was initiated, with drainage for symptom relief and lesion range definition. The abscess cavity communicated with the right pleural cavity via s stalk. The stalk path was confirmed by CT, and surgical curettage was performed. Tuberculous pyothorax with retroperitoneal gravitation abscess is rare and is not discussed in standard textbooks. In large series of cases it is not mentioned. In this patient we assumed that retroperitoneal gravitation abscess occurred as a result of the advanced state of tuberculous pyothorax.

  18. Advanced Gastric Cancer Perforation Mimicking Abdominal Wall Abscess

    PubMed Central

    Cho, Jinbeom; Park, Ilyoung; Lee, Dosang; Sung, Kiyoung; Baek, Jongmin

    2015-01-01

    Surgeons occasionally encounter a patient with a gastric cancer invading an adjacent organ, such as the pancreas, liver, or transverse colon. Although there is no established guideline for treatment of invasive gastric cancer, combined resection with radical gastrectomy is conventionally performed for curative purposes. We recently treated a patient with a large gastric cancer invading the abdominal wall, which was initially diagnosed as a simple abdominal wall abscess. Computed tomography showed that an abscess had formed adjacent to the greater curvature of the stomach. During surgery, we made an incision on the abdominal wall to drain the abscess, and performed curative total gastrectomy with partial excision of the involved abdominal wall. The patient received intensive treatment and wound management postoperatively with no surgery-related adverse events. However, the patient could not receive adjuvant chemotherapy and expired on the 82nd postoperative day. PMID:26468420

  19. [Occipital dermal sinus associated to a cerebellar abscess. Case].

    PubMed

    Costa, J M; de Reina, L; Guillén, A; Claramunt, E

    2004-10-01

    Congenital dermal sinuses are tubular tracts which communicate the skin with deeper structures. It is a manifestation of defective separation of the ectoderm and neuroderm. The incidence is 1/2500-3000 births alive. Almost 10 % of congenital dermal sinuses are localized in the occipitocervical region. They are usually asymptomatic, unless an infectious process is concurrent (meningitis, abscess). We are presenting the case of a 12 months girl with unnoticed cutaneous stigmata in the occipital region, who was admitted with a meningeal syndrome and secondary neurological impairment. She had a cerebellar abscess and was treated with decompression by puncture of the abscess and antibiotics. When infection was resolved, congenital dermal sinus was excised. Process solves without morbidity. We reviewed the clinical and therapeutic features in cases reported previously in the literature.

  20. Ulcerative necrobiosis lipoidica successfully treated with photodynamic therapy: case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Borgia, Francesco; Vaccaro, Mario; Cantavenera, Laura G; Aragona, Emanuela; Cannavò, Serafinella P

    2014-12-01

    Ulcerative necrobiosis lipoidica (NL) is a rare skin condition refractory to conventional therapies. We treated a forty-four year old woman affected by widespread ulcerative NL with 6 sessions of topical ALA-PDT at two weeks intervals. At the end of the treatment a dramatic improvement of the clinical features was observed, with complete healing of cutaneous ulcers and marked reduction of erythema in all the treated areas. The mechanism of action of PDT in ulcer healing is still unknown; however, it is possible to hypothesize a combination of anti-inflammatory effect, immunomodulatory activity and keratinocytes photoactivation.

  1. Basilar artery occlusion in a child treated successfully with mechanical thrombectomy using ADAPT.

    PubMed

    Lena, Jonathan; Eskandari, Ramin; Infinger, Libby; Fargen, Kyle M; Spiotta, Alejandro; Turk, Aquilla; Turner, Raymond D; Chaudry, Imran

    2016-04-11

    Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in the pediatric population is rare. Furthermore, it is common for physicians to take significantly longer diagnosing a posterior circulation stroke in a child than in an adult. There are increasing case reports in the literature of treating AIS in children with intravenous tissue plasminogen activator, intra-arterial thrombolysis, and/or mechanical thrombectomy. We present the first case of pediatric AIS treated using a direct aspiration first pass technique (ADAPT) as a means of mechanical thrombectomy. 2016 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.

  2. EUS-guided drainage of hepatic abscess and infected biloma using short and long metal stents (with videos).

    PubMed

    Tonozuka, Ryosuke; Itoi, Takao; Tsuchiya, Takayoshi; Sofuni, Atsushi; Ishii, Kentaro; Ikeuchi, Nobuhito; Umeda, Junko; Tanaka, Reina; Mukai, Shuntaro; Gotoda, Takuji; Moriyasu, Fuminori

    2015-01-01

    Currently, few reports exist on EUS-guided hepatic abscess drainage (EUS-HAD) and EUS-guided biloma drainage (EUS-BLD) using a metal stent. We evaluated the technical success rate and efficacy of EUS-HAD and EUS-BLD for patients with hepatic abscess (HA) and infected biloma. Retrospective case series. Single tertiary referral medical center. We evaluated 7 HA and 6 infected biloma patients who were treated between August 2013 and August 2014 at Tokyo Medical University Hospital. EUS-HAD or EUS-BLD using a short (length, 2 or 3 cm) or long (length, 6 or 8 cm) self-expandable fully covered metal stent. Technical success, clinical success, and adverse event. The overall technical success rate was 100% in both EUS-HAD and EUS-BLD. The clinical success rates of EUS-HAD and EUS-BLD at the first session were 71.4% and 83.3%, respectively. Direct endoscopic necrosectomy was required in 1 case each of HA and infected biloma. The final clinical success rate was 100%. There were no procedure-related adverse events or cases of recurrence during the follow-up period (median, 83.5 days; range, 24-396 days). Small sample size and no control group. EUS-HAD and EUS-BLD using a metal stent can be performed safely and effectively for HA and infected biloma. Copyright © 2015 American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. [Management of liver abscess formed after asymptomatic sigmoid diverticulitis].

    PubMed

    Jovanović, Predrag; Zerem, Enver; Zildzić, Muharem

    2007-01-01

    Liver abscess is a rare complication of sigmoid diverticulitis and must be considered within the differential diagnosis. We report a case of a male patient, age 71, admitted to our hospital with chief complaints of a dull pain in upper right abdominal quadrant, fever and weakness of approximately 5 months duration. He had a history of a surgery 18 years ago after an episode of diverticulitis. Physical examination and biochemistry on initial work-up revealed tenderness on palpation in upper right abdomen, leukocytosis and a 39 degrees C fever. Ultrasound examination revealed round structure with low echo properties in the right lobe of the liver. Further CT scan examination confirmed an abscess collection. We performed ultrasound guided percutaneous catheter drainage with intravenous administration of broad spectrum antibiotics, resulting in a successful treatment of a liver abscess. Colonoscopy confirmed sigmoid diverticulitis which was the most likely the source of bacterial invasion through portal venous system.

  4. Shewanella putrefaciens, a rare cause of splenic abscess.

    PubMed

    Basir, Norwani; Yong, Alice Moi Ling; Chong, Vui Heng

    2012-04-01

    Splenic abscess is uncommon and is still associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Gram-negative bacilli are the most commonly isolated organisms, followed by Gram-positive cocci. However, the predominant organisms found depend on the geographic location. Shewanella putrefaciens is a Gram-negative non-fermentative oxidative bacillus found in the environment. Infection usually manifests with a number of clinical syndromes, most commonly as skin or soft tissue infections, typically in patients whose immune system is compromised. Intra-abdominal abscess is extremely rare. We report a case of a 22-year-old female who presented with S. putrefaciens splenic abscesses as the first manifestation of diabetes mellitus, which was successfully managed with a course of antibiotic therapy. Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  5. Pancreatic abscess in a cat with diabetes mellitus.

    PubMed

    Lee, Minji; Kang, Ji-Houn; Chang, Dongwoo; Na, Ki-Jeong; Yang, Mhan-Pyo

    2015-01-01

    An 11 yr old spayed female Maine coon cat was referred with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus. The cat had a 2 mo history of weight loss and intermittent vomiting. An abdominal ultrasound identified the presence of a large cavity measuring a maximum of 4.6 cm in the pancreas that was filled with a homogeneous echogenic fluid. Cytological analysis and culture of the fluid obtained from the pancreatic mass indicated the presence of a bacterial abscess. The application of nonsurgical drainage and the administration of glargine insulin and antibiotics resolved the clinical signs. The size of the pancreatic abscess was reduced after 5 mo, and the cat achieved diabetic remission and remained healthy at the time this report was prepared. This case report describes the successful treatment of a pancreatic bacterial abscess concurrent with diabetes mellitus in a Maine coon cat.

  6. Two Cases of Refractory Cardiogenic Shock Secondary to Bupropion Successfully Treated with Veno-Arterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation.

    PubMed

    Heise, C William; Skolnik, Aaron B; Raschke, Robert A; Owen-Reece, Huw; Graeme, Kimberlie A

    2016-09-01

    Bupropion inhibits the uptake of dopamine and norepinephrine. Clinical effects in overdose include seizure, status epilepticus, tachycardia, arrhythmias, and cardiogenic shock. We report two cases of severe bupropion toxicity resulting in refractory cardiogenic shock, cardiac arrest, and repeated seizures treated successfully. Patients with cardiovascular failure related to poisoning may particularly benefit from extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). These are the first cases of bupropion toxicity treated with veno-arterial EMCO (VA-ECMO) in which bupropion toxicity is supported by confirmatory testing. Both cases demonstrate the effectiveness of VA-ECMO in poisoned patients with severe cardiogenic shock or cardiopulmonary failure.

  7. Acute antibody-mediated rejection after ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation treated successfully with antigen-specific immunoadsorption.

    PubMed

    Just, Søren Andreas; Marcussen, Niels; Sprogøe, Ulrik; Koefoed-Nielsen, Pernille; Bistrup, Claus

    2010-01-01

    ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation is possible after pre-treatment with rituximab, intravenous immunoglobulin and basiliximab combined with tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil and prednisolone. We report on the first patient treated with this protocol who developed acute antibody-mediated rejection (Banff grade II with IgG deposits) caused by ABO antibodies (anti-B). Anti-rejection treatment with anti-B-specific immunoadsorption, intravenous immunoglobulin and methylprednisolone efficiently cleared deposited IgG from the kidney allograft and re-established normal kidney function. We suggest that ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation complicated by acute antibody-mediated rejection, caused by ABO antibodies, may successfully be treated with this regime.

  8. [Amoebic liver abscess: echographic aspects].

    PubMed

    Niang, H E; Ka, M M; Badiane, M; Ba, A; Konde, L; Lamouche, P

    1994-01-01

    Amoebic liver abscess is the most frequent location of the extra-intestine amibiasis with an epidemio-endemic repartition in our areas. We are reporting in this study the main echographic patterns that can be found. 117 documents were collected and studied between 1982 and 1988 in the main hospitals of Dakar (SENEGAL). Most of the patients were young, the range of age being between 25 and 55 years old and 83% of them, were male. The diagnosis of the amoebic liver abscess was evocated on the basis of the following clinical and biological symptoms: 54.38% of painful haetomegaly, 42.10% of pleuro-pulmonary and digestive signs, 3.50% of long lasting isolated fever, non specific biological sign of inflammation, 74.57% of positive hemaglutination test. An echographic test was performed before the anti-parasitic treatment with an echotomograph PHILIPS SDR 1500 in real time using a probe of 3 MHZ. The amoebic abscess of liver was detected by the echography in all cases. The unique abscess (83.10%) was the most frequent form. It was localized in the right liver (64%) and had an heterogeneous echostructure (55.70%). The hypo-echogeneous form (36.50%) was the earlier stage of the collecting abscess. The liquid form (07.80%) was observed in the latter stages of the disease. Some difficulties to determine the amoebic abscess may appear when primitive liver cancer or pyogensus abscess are present. In these cases it is necessary to analyse the liquid of ponction to be affirmative.

  9. Successful treatment of poison oak dermatitis treated with Grindelia spp. (Gumweed).

    PubMed

    Canavan, Don; Yarnell, Eric

    2005-08-01

    Poison oak and related hypersensitivity dermatitides are age-old problems that have historically been treated with herbal medicines before the availability of corticosteroids. Few of these historical therapies have been rigorously investigated. The case presented here provides some insight into the potential efficacy of certain herbs for relieving mild-to-moderate poison ivy dermatitis.

  10. A case of myelodysplastic syndrome/myeloproliferative neoplasm (MDS/MPN) successfully treated with lenalidomide

    PubMed Central

    Islam, Anwarul

    2015-01-01

    Key Clinical Message Lenalidomide is an immunomodulatory drug which is used to treat patients with MDS with deletion 5q chromosomal abnormality. In 2008, WHO introduced a new disease entity called MDS/MPN. No specific treatment for MDS/MPN subtype has yet been identified. We report a patient with MDS/MPN who responded well to lenalidomide therapy. PMID:26273440

  11. A case of myelodysplastic syndrome/myeloproliferative neoplasm (MDS/MPN) successfully treated with lenalidomide.

    PubMed

    Islam, Anwarul

    2015-07-01

    Lenalidomide is an immunomodulatory drug which is used to treat patients with MDS with deletion 5q chromosomal abnormality. In 2008, WHO introduced a new disease entity called MDS/MPN. No specific treatment for MDS/MPN subtype has yet been identified. We report a patient with MDS/MPN who responded well to lenalidomide therapy.

  12. Percutaneous drainage of psoas and iliopsoas muscle abscesses with a one-step technique under real-time computed tomography fluoroscopic guidance.

    PubMed

    Kinoshita, Mitsuhiro; Takao, Shoichiro; Takechi, Katsuya; Takeda, Yoshitsugu; Miyamoto, Kanako; Yamanaka, Moriaki; Akagawa, Yoko; Iwamoto, Seiji; Osaki, Kyosuke; Tani, Hayato; Ohnishi, Norio; Shirono, Ryozo

    2016-01-01

    To evaluate the utility and safety of drainage catheter installation for psoas/iliopsoas muscle abscesses using a one-step technique under the guidance of real-time computed tomography (CT) fluoroscopy. Ten psoas or iliopsoas muscle abscesses in 7 patients that were treated with percutaneous drainage were included in this study. All drainage procedures were carried out using a one-step technique under real-time CT fluoroscopic guidance. The drainage catheter insertion was performed successfully with the one-step technique in all lesions. Improvements in the patients' symptoms and blood test results were seen after the drainage procedure in all cases. In addition, postoperative CT scans demonstrated that the abscesses had reduced in size or disappeared in all but one patient, who was transferred to another institution while the drainage catheter was still in place. No major complications were seen in any case. The one-step procedure is simple to perform. The percutaneous drainage of psoas or iliopsoas muscle abscesses with the one-step technique under real-time CT fluoroscopic guidance is accurate and safe. Moreover, compared with the two-step technique the one-step procedure results in a shorter drainage procedure and exposes the patient and operator to lower amounts of radiation. J. Med. Invest. 63: 323-327, August, 2016.

  13. IgA-dominant acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis with concomitant rheumatic fever successfully treated with steroids: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Rus, Rina R; Toplak, Nataša; Vizjak, Alenka; Mraz, Jerica; Ferluga, Dušan

    2015-01-01

    There are only a few reports of the co-occurrence of acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (APGN) and acute rheumatic fever. We report an unusual case of a 3-year-old boy with nephrotic syndrome and acute renal failure with the transitional need for peritoneal dialysis, biopsy-proven atypical IgA-dominant APGN, and concomitant acute rheumatic fever, successfully treated by steroids. Aggressive treatment with pulses of methylprednisolone proved to be successful and we recommend its use in this type of cases. PMID:26718763

  14. A rare case of lethal retroperitoneal abscess caused by Citrobacter koseri.

    PubMed

    Cai, Tommaso; Giubilei, Gianluca; Vichi, Francesca; Farina, Umberto; Costanzi, Antonio; Bartoletti, Riccardo

    2007-01-01

    Retroperitoneal abscesses are very uncommon clinical conditions. The characteristically vague symptomatology of retroperitoneal abscess and the inherent difficulty of identifying retroperitoneal disease by physical examination contributed to these dismal therapeutic outcomes. We present an unusual case of lethal retroperitoneal abscess, caused by Citrobacter diversus(koseri), treated with surgical drainage. Citrobacter species have rarely been involved in deep tissue infection and there is no reported case of lethal retroperitoneal abscess caused by C. koseri. This case is the only reported case of C. koseri as the sole pathogen associated with a lethal retroperitoneal abscess in immunocompetent patient. The case is also notable because it confirms the recent bacterial resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics and to other antimicrobial agents, like chloramphenicol or cotrimoxazol.

  15. Nontraumatic nasal septal abscesses in the immunocompromised: etiology, recognition, treatment, and sequelae.

    PubMed

    Shah, S B; Murr, A H; Lee, K C

    2000-01-01

    Proper management of a nasal septal abscess requires prompt diagnosis, adequate surgical drainage, and antibiotics to prevent the potentially dangerous spread of infection and the development of severe functional and cosmetic sequelae. Most septal abscesses are the result of trauma to the nose with septal hematoma and subsequent infection. We present our experience with nasal septal abscesses in five immunocompromised patients without history of nasal trauma. All patients were treated with surgical drainage and antibiotics. The infections in four patients resolved, whereas in the fifth, the infection led to death. We report these cases to depict alternate etiologies of nasal septal abscess, particularly in the immunocompromised patient. Our review illustrates the wide spectrum of disease presentation, provides treatment strategies, and emphasizes the potentially catastrophic sequelae of this disease when unrecognized. With the growing number of immunocompromised individuals, it is important to recognize the potential for immunocompromise to influence the development of septal abscess.

  16. Establishment and Early Succession of Bacterial Communities in Monochloramine-Treated Drinking Water Biofilms

    EPA Science Inventory

    Monochloramine is increasingly used as a drinking water disinfectant because it forms lower levels of regulated disinfection by-products. While its use has been shown to increase nitrifying bacteria, little is known about the bacterial succession within biofilms in monochloramin...

  17. Coronary-to-Bronchial Artery Communication: Report of Two Patients Successfully Treated by Embolization

    SciTech Connect

    Jarry, Genevieve; Bruaire, Jean-Pierre; Commeau, Philippe; Hermida, Jean-Sylvain; Leborgne, Laurent; Auquier, Marie-Anne; Delonca, Jean; Quiret, Jean-Claude; Remond, Alexandre

    1999-05-15

    We report two cases of coronary-to-bronchial artery communication responsible for coronary steal. In both cases the anastomosis originated from the proximal circumflex artery and developed because of bronchiectasis. In both cases closure of the anastomosis was achieved successfully by embolization. To date, the patients remained free from symptoms.

  18. Establishment and Early Succession of Bacterial Communities in Monochloramine-Treated Drinking Water Biofilms

    EPA Science Inventory

    Monochloramine is increasingly used as a drinking water disinfectant because it forms lower levels of regulated disinfection by-products. While its use has been shown to increase nitrifying bacteria, little is known about the bacterial succession within biofilms in monochloramin...

  19. Bone marrow aspiration complications: Iliopsoas abscess and sacroiliac osteomyelitis.

    PubMed

    Tural-Kara, Tuğçe; Özdemir, Halil; Fitöz, Suat; Çiftçi, Ergin; Yalçınkaya, Fatoş

    2016-01-01

    After bone marrow aspiration procedure; some complications like pain and bleeding at the puncture site may be expected but some serious complications like osteomyelitis and soft tissue infections may also rarely occur. In this case we present a boy with recurrent fever. During etiologic investigation, familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) gene M694V mutation was +/+. Patient was treated with oral colchicine however fever persisted. The patient was considered as colchicine resistant FMF and steroid treatment was planned. Bone marrow aspiration procedure was executed to rule out malignancy. Three months after bone marrow aspiration, he was readmitted with complaint of left pelvic pain, difficulty in walking without support and standing on his left foot. Radiological imaging demonstrated left iliopsoas abscess and left sacroiliac osteomyelitis. Patient was successfully treated with intravenous ampicillin-sulbactam and clindamycin treatment for 6 weeks. Then oral amoxicillin-clavulanic acid treatment was continued for 2 weeks. Patient was discharged without any surgical procedure. On 1-year follow-up he could walk without any support.

  20. Hepatic abscess secondary to a rosemary twig migrating from the stomach into the liver

    PubMed Central

    Karamarkovic, Aleksandar R; Djuranovic, Srdjan P; Popovic, Nada P; Bumbasirevic, Vesna D; Sijacki, Ana D; Blazic, Ivan V

    2007-01-01

    The ingestion of a foreign body that penetrates the gastric wall and migrates to the liver, where it causes an abscess is uncommon. A case of an ingested rosemary twig perforating the gastric antrum, then migrating to the liver, complicated by hepatic abscess and Staphylococcus aureus sepsis is reported. A 59-year-old man without a history of foreign body ingestion was admitted to our hospital because of sepsis and epigastralgia, which had progressively worsened. No foreign body was identified at preoperative imaging, but a rosemary twig was discovered during laparotomy. The liver abscess and sepsis were controlled successfully with surgery and antibiotics. This unusual condition should be kept in mind when dealing with cases of hepatic abscess, or even sepsis of unknown origin. Despite the improvement of non-surgical techniques such as percutaneous drainage and interventional endoscopy, surgery still remains important in the treatment of hepatic abscess caused by an ingested foreign body. PMID:17907303

  1. Hepatic abscess secondary to a rosemary twig migrating from the stomach into the liver.

    PubMed

    Karamarkovic, Aleksandar-R; Djuranovic, Srdjan-P; Popovic, Nada-P; Bumbasirevic, Vesna-D; Sijacki, Ana-D; Blazic, Ivan-V

    2007-11-07

    The ingestion of a foreign body that penetrates the gastric wall and migrates to the liver, where it causes an abscess is uncommon. A case of an ingested rosemary twig perforating the gastric antrum, then migrating to the liver, complicated by hepatic abscess and Staphylococcus aureus sepsis is reported. A 59-year-old man without a history of foreign body ingestion was admitted to our hospital because of sepsis and epigastralgia, which had progressively worsened. No foreign body was identified at preoperative imaging, but a rosemary twig was discovered during laparotomy. The liver abscess and sepsis were controlled successfully with surgery and antibiotics. This unusual condition should be kept in mind when dealing with cases of hepatic abscess, or even sepsis of unknown origin. Despite the improvement of non-surgical techniques such as percutaneous drainage and interventional endoscopy, surgery still remains important in the treatment of hepatic abscess caused by an ingested foreign body.

  2. A 10-year retrospective review of pediatric lung abscesses from a single center

    PubMed Central

    Madhani, Kavi; McGrath, Eric; Guglani, Lokesh

    2016-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Pediatric lung abscesses can be primary or secondary, and there is limited data regarding response to treatments and patient outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical and microbiologic profile of pediatric patients with lung abscess and assess the differences in outcomes for patients treated with medical therapy or medical plus surgical therapy. METHODS: A retrospective review of all pediatric patients ≤ 18 years of age that were treated as an inpatient for lung abscess between the dates of August 2004 and August 2014 was conducted. Patients were divided into two subgroups based on the need for surgical intervention. RESULTS: A total of 39 patients with lung abscess (30 treated with medical therapy alone, 9 also required surgical interventions) were included. Fever, cough, and emesis were the most common presenting symptoms, and most of the patients had underlying respiratory (31%) or neurologic disorders (15%). Staphylococcus aureus was the most common organism in those that had culture results available, and ceftriaxone with clindamycin was the most common combination of antibiotics used for treatment. Comparison of medical and surgical subgroups identified the duration of fever and abscess size as risk factors for surgical intervention. CONCLUSIONS: Pediatric lung abscesses can be managed with medical therapy alone in most cases. Presence of prolonged duration of fever and larger abscess size may be predictive of the need for surgical intervention. Good clinical response to prolonged therapy with ceftriaxone and clindamycin was noted. PMID:27512508

  3. A Case on Streptococcal Pneumonia Associated with Leptomeningitis, Osteomyelitis and Epidural Abscess in a Patient with AIDS

    PubMed Central

    Jeon, Jae Woong; Kim, Joo Seok; Ryu, Il Hwan; Choi, Ji Wook; Kim, Min Gyu; Na, Young Min; Yun, Hyeon Jeong

    2014-01-01

    Patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) are at higher risks of bacterial pneumonia than the general population, and the pathogen is the most commonly involved Streptococcus pneumoniae. We hereby report a case of pneumococcal pneumonia associated with leptomeningitis, osteomyelitis and epidural abscess in a patient with AIDS. He is being successfully treated with ampicillin/sulbactam and clindamycin. And because the pneumococcal infection is usually associated with morbidity and mortality rates in the setting of AIDS, we should consider for pneumococcal vaccinations among the AIDS populations. PMID:24624217

  4. A premature low-birth-weight infant with congenital complete atrioventricular block and myocarditis successfully treated by staged pacemaker implantation.

    PubMed

    Fujioka, Tao; Nii, Masaki; Tanaka, Yasuhiko

    2016-06-01

    Congenital complete atrioventricular block is a known lethal condition. Although antenatal diagnosis and the technical advances of pacemaker treatment have reduced its mortality, treatment of premature babies with significant myocardial damage remains a challenge. In this paper, we report the case of a premature low-birth-weight infant with congenital complete atrioventricular block and extremely low ventricular rate, fetal hydrops, and myocarditis who was successfully treated with staged permanent pacemaker implantation.

  5. Nocturnal bruxism in a patient with Behçet disease and posttraumatic stress disorder successfully treated with gabapentin.

    PubMed

    Feng, Hui-Ming; Kuo, Shin-Chang; Chen, Chun-Yen; Yeh, Yi-Wei

    2014-01-01

    Bruxism is an involuntary movement, including teeth grinding and clenching, which occur primarily during sleep. Although Behçet disease and posttraumatic stress disorder both have a high prevalence of sleep problems, bruxism is extremely rare in these 2 disorders. Here, we report a rare case of concurrent Behçet disease and posttraumatic stress disorder, which presented with antidepressant-refractory sleep disturbance accompanied by teeth grinding, clenching, and snoring that was successfully treated with gabapentin.

  6. Recurrent Hemorrhagic Pericardial Effusion and Tamponade due to Filariasis Successfully Treated with Ivermectin and Albendazole.

    PubMed

    Sinha, Santosh Kumar; Goel, Amit; Sachan, Mohit; Saraf, Sameer; Verma, Chandra Mohan

    2015-01-01

    Filariasis presenting with pericardial effusion with tamponade is rare. We report a case of a 30-year-old female who was admitted with severe dyspnea and chest pain since 2 days. Echocardiogram showed massive pericardial effusion with tamponade. Pericardial fluid aspiration drained 1.2 L of hemorrhagic fluid. Cytology examination revealed microfilaria of Wuchereria bancrofti. She was treated with diethyl carbamazine and discharged. Six weeks later, she presented again with massive pericardial effusion with cardiac tamponade. Pericardiocentesis was done. Cytology examination revealed microfilaria of W. bancrofti. This time she was treated with ivermectin and albendazole and cured. Hemorrhagic effusion resolved completely. Though relatively uncommon, tropical diseases must always be considered in the etiological diagnosis of recurrent pericardial effusion.

  7. Basilar artery occlusion in a child treated successfully with mechanical thrombectomy using ADAPT.

    PubMed

    Lena, Jonathan; Eskandari, Ramin; Infinger, Libby; Fargen, Kyle M; Spiotta, Alejandro; Turk, Aquilla; Turner, Raymond D; Chaudry, Imran

    2017-01-01

    Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in the pediatric population is rare. Furthermore, it is common for physicians to take significantly longer diagnosing a posterior circulation stroke in a child than in an adult. There are increasing case reports in the literature of treating AIS in children with intravenous tissue plasminogen activator, intra-arterial thrombolysis, and/or mechanical thrombectomy. We present the first case of pediatric AIS treated using a direct aspiration first pass technique (ADAPT) as a means of mechanical thrombectomy. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  8. Cutaneous alternariosis in a renal transplant patient successfully treated with posaconazole: Case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Bajwa, Rajinder; Wojciechowski, Amy L; Hsiao, Chiu-Bin

    2017-03-01

    Cutaneous alternariosis is an uncommon fungal infection that most commonly presents in organ transplant patients on immunosuppressive therapy. There are no clinical trials or guidelines to guide treatment of this condition, however itraconazole is the most commonly used antifungal in published cases. Here we report on a case of cutaneous alternariosis in a renal transplant recipient treated with a newer antifungal, posaconazole. A review of published reports of cutaneous alternariosis since 2008 is also discussed.

  9. Epidermodysplasia Verruciformis with severe hand and foot deformity successfully treated with surgical excision.

    PubMed

    Fang, Fang; Zhao, Liang; Jiang, Ming-jun; Wang, Yan; Wang, Qian-qiu

    2008-01-01

    Epidermodysplasia Verruciformis is a rare skin disease due to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. We report here a male patient of 39 years with severe giant lesion of hands and feet leading to disability for 20 years. The function of the hands was almost lost. We treated the case with the shaving technique and a satisfactory result without recrudescence in the following two years. No apparent scarring resulted.

  10. Extramammary Paget disease successfully treated with topical imiquimod 5% and tazarotene.

    PubMed

    Frances, Laura; Pascual, Jose C; Leiva-Salinas, Maria; Betlloch, Isabel

    2014-01-01

    Extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) is an intraepithelial adenocarcinoma usually localized in areas rich in apocrine sweat glands. Surgery remains the treatment of choice for EMPD. However, several nonsurgical treatments have been also described. Around 40 cases of EMPD treated with imiquimod 5% have been published; of these, only six correspond to nonresponses. We describe a recurrent vulvar EMPD with failure to respond to topical imiquimod 5% in monotherapy but a favorable response to its association with tazarotene.

  11. Successful use of bronchoscopic lung insufflation to treat left lung atelectasis.

    PubMed

    Abu-Hasan, Mutasim N; Chesrown, Sarah E; Jantz, Michael A

    2013-03-01

    We report first use of bronchoscopic lung insufflation in a child to treat acute left lung collapse. The patient is a 6-year old male asthmatic who was hospitalized with a 2-day history of cough, chest pain, and abdominal pain. He was tachypneic and hypoxemic on room air. Chest exam revealed diminished breath sounds on the left side. Chest X-ray and Chest CT showed complete left lung collapse. He underwent bronchoscopic lung insufflation procedure by injecting total of 200 ml air via flexible bronchoscope in the left upper lobe using 50cc syringe aliquots followed by similar injection of 200 ml of air in left lower lobe. After air insufflations, 6 ml of bovine surfactant (calfactant) were instilled in each lobe. Chest fluoroscopy was done immediately after procedure and showed expansion of entire left lung with no pneumothorax. The procedure was well tolerated. The patient's symptoms and hypoxemia resolved soon after procedure. However, left lower lobe atelectasis recurred next day and persisted for 6 days despite treatments with chest physical therapy, systemic steroids, oral azithromycin, nebulized dornase alpha, and endoscopic removal of secretions from left lower lobe. Bronchoscopic insufflation of left lower lobe was repeated resulting in immediate expansion of that lobe as demonstrated by intraoperative fluoroscopy. The patient was discharged home next day. This case suggests that brochoscopic lung insufflation can be safe and effective in treating acute lung collapse and in treating atelectasis which is refractory to conventional therapy. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  12. Presacral abscess as a rare complication of sacral nerve stimulator implantation.

    PubMed

    Gumber, A; Ayyar, S; Varia, H; Pettit, S

    2017-03-01

    A 50-year-old man with intractable anal pain attributed to proctalgia fugax underwent insertion of a sacral nerve stimulator via the right S3 vertebral foramen for pain control with good symptomatic relief. Thirteen months later, he presented with signs of sepsis. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a large presacral abscess. MRI demonstrated increased enhancement along the pathway of the stimulator electrode, indicating that the abscess was caused by infection introduced at the time of sacral nerve stimulator placement. The patient was treated with broad spectrum antibiotics, and the sacral nerve stimulator and electrode were removed. Attempts were made to drain the abscess transrectally using minimally invasive techniques but these were unsuccessful and CT guided transperineal drainage was then performed. Despite this, the presacral abscess progressed, developing enlarging gas locules and extending to the pelvic brim to involve the aortic bifurcation, causing hydronephrosis and radiological signs of impending sacral osteomyelitis. MRI showed communication between the rectum and abscess resulting from transrectal drainage. In view of the progressive presacral sepsis, a laparotomy was performed with drainage of the abscess, closure of the upper rectum and formation of a defunctioning end sigmoid colostomy. Following this, the presacral infection resolved. Presacral abscess formation secondary to an infected sacral nerve stimulator electrode has not been reported previously. Our experience suggests that in a similar situation, the optimal management is to perform laparotomy with drainage of the presacral abscess together with simultaneous removal of the sacral nerve stimulator and electrode.

  13. [A case of sensory ataxic axonal polyneuropathy with IgGλ monoclonal gammopathy successfully treated with intravenous immunoglobulin therapy].

    PubMed

    Kanatsuka, Yoichi; Hasegawa, Osamu; Imazeki, Ryoko; Yamamoto, Masahiro

    2015-01-01

    We report the case of an 84-year-old man with sensory ataxic polyneuropathy and IgGλ monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), which was successfully treated with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy. He had developed progressive ataxic gait over the span of 2 years before he was admitted to our hospital. On admission, he was unable to walk without assistance because of severe sensory ataxia. He performed poorly on the finger-nose-finger and heel-knee tests, and his vibration and position sense in the feet was remarkably diminished. However, motor involvement was not remarkable. Serum immunoelectrophoresis revealed IgGλ monoclonal gammopathy, and MGUS was diagnosed. Nerve conduction studies revealed sensory-dominant axonal polyneuropathy. The patient was successfully treated with IVIG (400 mg/kg/day, for 5 days). He regained his capacity to walk independently after treatment, but his nerve conduction results remained unchanged. This sensory ataxia might be partially due to underlying cervical spondylotic myelopathy. To our knowledge, this is the first report in our country of the successful use of IVIG therapy to treat a patient with IgGλ monoclonal gammopathy and related sensory ataxic axonal polyneuropathy.

  14. A 12-year-old Girl with Severe Plaque Psoriasis and Down Syndrome Treated Successfully with Etanercept.

    PubMed

    Adamczyk, Michał; Michalska-Jakubus, Małgorzata; Krasowska, Dorota

    2017-07-01

    The association between Down syndrome and psoriasis is unclear. Immunological abnormalities that present in individuals with Down syndrome result in mild immune debilitation, thus the risk of infectious complications during immunosuppressive therapy might be higher in this group of patients. We present a case of 12-year-old girl with severe plaque psoriasis and Down syndrome, who was initially treated with cyclosporine with good response. However, the drug was withdrawn due to massive viral warts development and loss of efficacy. Afterwards, the girl was treated with etanercept in short 10 week and long 24 week courses with excellent response. The presented case is the first report of a child with Down syndrome and concomitant severe plaque psoriasis treated successfully with etanercept.

  15. Crusted scabies in an adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma patient successfully treated with oral ivermectin.

    PubMed

    Yonekura, Kentaro; Kanekura, Takuro; Kanzaki, Tamotsu; Utsunomiya, Atae

    2006-02-01

    We report an adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) patient whose crusted scabies was successfully treated with oral ivermectin. This 63-year-old man had previously been treated with oral prednisolone, sobuzoxane and etoposide for approximately 1 year. When he developed crusted scabies, he received two doses of oral ivermectin (200 microg/kg) 10 days apart and the concomitant topical application of crotamiton containing 30% benzyl benzoate. This produced remarkable results, suggesting that oral ivermectin should be considered for the treatment of crusted scabies even in immunocompromised patients. While ivermectin may be useful for treating intractable scabies, attention must be paid to the possible appearance of ivermectin-resistant mites.

  16. Using buprenorphine to treat opioid-dependent university students: opportunities, successes, and challenges.

    PubMed

    Demaria, Peter A; Sterling, Robert C; Risler, Robin; Frank, Jeremy

    2010-12-01

    : The objective of this study was to characterize a population of opioid-dependent university students who were treated with buprenorphine, describe their treatment outcome, and discuss challenges the authors faced in working with this population in the setting of a university counseling center. : We conducted a retrospective chart review of 27 opioid-dependent university students treated with buprenorphine at the university's counseling center. : Students were predominantly white (85%, n = 23), male (63%, n = 17), average age of 22 years with an average of 33.4 ± 28.79 months (range = 4 to 132) opioid use before presentation. By self-report, 17 (63.0%) students reported heroin use, 9 (33.3%) students reported prescription opioid use, and 1 (3.7%) student reported use of both. Fifteen (56%) reported intravenous use. Treatment retention was high with students receiving an average of 12.00 + 11.49 months treatment (range = 1 to 36). During the course of treatment, 81% of all submitted urine drug screens were negative for opioids, 83.1% were negative for cocaine, 90.7% were negative for illicit (nonprescribed) benzodiazepines, and 59.1% were negative for marijuana. The average buprenorphine dose was 13.8 ± 5.69 mg (range = 4 to 24 mg). No serious adverse effects occurred. In working with this population, we found that continued marijuana use, engagement in treatment, financial concerns, and decision making around family involvement were ongoing challenges. : Opioid-dependent university students are a unique group of substance users. Our results indicate that they can be safely and effectively treated with buprenorphine in a university counseling center.

  17. An emboligenic pulmonary abscess leading to ischemic stroke and secondary brain abscess.

    PubMed

    Albrecht, Philipp; Stettner, Mark; Husseini, Leila; Macht, Stephan; Jander, Sebastian; Mackenzie, Colin; Oesterlee, Ulrike; Slotty, Philipp; Methner, Axel; Hartung, Hans-Peter; Aktas, Orhan

    2012-11-05

    Ischemic stroke by septic embolism occurs primarily in the context of infective endocarditis or in patients with a right-to-left shunt and formation of a secondary cerebral abscess is a rare event. Erosion of pulmonary veins by a pulmonary abscess can lead to transcardiac septic embolism but to our knowledge no case of septic embolic ischemic stroke from a pulmonary abscess with secondary transformation into a brain abscess has been reported to date. We report the case of a patient with a pulmonary abscess causing a septic embolic cerebral infarction which then transformed into a cerebral abscess. After antibiotic therapy and drainage of the abscess the patient could be rehabilitated and presented an impressive improvement of symptoms. Septic embolism should be considered as cause of ischemic stroke in patients with pulmonary abscess and can be followed by formation of a secondary cerebral abscess. Early antibiotic treatment and repeated cranial CT-scans for detection of a secondary abscess should be performed.

  18. Refractory urticarial vasculitis as a complication of ulcerative colitis successfully treated with rituximab.

    PubMed

    Swaminath, Arun; Magro, Cynthia M; Dwyer, Edward

    2011-08-01

    Ulcerative colitis can be complicated by the development of leukocytoclastic vasculitis, a cutaneous vasculitis with the potential for systemic involvement. We present a man with a history of ulcerative colitis complicated by end-stage liver disease secondary to sclerosing cholangitis requiring a liver transplant. The patient developed new-onset vasculitis and diarrhea refractory to therapy with standard immunosuppression. He was treated with anti-CD20 therapy with a positive response. The basis of the vasculitis was likely one related to an underlying monoclonal paraprotein with cryoprecitable properties. Treatment with anti-B-cell therapy may be a new treatment option for patients with gammopathy-associated leukocytoclastic vasculitis.

  19. Dystonia and tremor secondary to thalamic infarction successfully treated with thalamotomy of the ventralis intermedius nucleus.

    PubMed

    Álvarez, Mario; Quintanal, Nelson; Díaz, Amado; Prince, José; García, Ivan; Carballo, Maylen; Rodríguez, Rafael; Maragoto, Carlos; Pedroso, Ivonne; Macías, Raul

    2014-08-01

    Focal thalamic lesions have been associated with a variety of involuntary movements such as tremor, dystonia, and chorea-ballism. We describe a patient with severe hyperkinesias of the right arm secondary to a thalamic infarction in the left postero-ventral region of the thalamus. The dystonia and tremor of the right upper limb were subsequently controlled with another surgical lesion of the ventralis intermedius nucleus of the thalamus. This observation suggests that ablative surgery might be applied to treat a movement disorder induced by the lesion of the same nucleus, which in addition lead to interesting pathophysiological conjectures. © 2014 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.

  20. Cardiac metastasis from renal cell carcinoma successfully treated with pazopanib: impact of TKIs' antiangiogenic activity.

    PubMed

    Schinzari, Giovanni; Monterisi, Santa; Signorelli, Diego; Cona, Silvia; Cassano, Alessandra; Danza, Francesco; Barone, Carlo

    2014-01-01

    Cardiac metastasis from renal cell carcinoma, especially without neoplastic thrombosis of the vena cava, is extremely rare. The prognosis of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma has been radically influenced by the introduction of tyrosine kinase inhibitors, but very few reports in the literature have described their activity in heart metastasis. We report the case of a woman with a left ventricle metastasis from kidney cancer without renal vein involvement, who was treated with pazopanib. The patient achieved a prolonged partial response, with clear signs of metastasis devascularization and a favorable toxicity profile.

  1. Severe compensatory hyperhidrosis following thoracic sympathectomy successfully treated with low doses of botulinum toxin A.

    PubMed

    Santana-Rodríguez, Norberto; Clavo, Bernardino; Calatayud-Gastardi, Joaquín; García-Castellano, José Manuel; Ponce-González, Miguel A; Olmo-Quintana, Vicente; Llontop, Pedro; Alvarez-Prats, Alejandro; Yordi, Nagib Atallah; Ruíz-Caballero, José Antonio

    2012-12-01

    Compensatory hyperhidrosis is an adverse effect of thoracic sympathectomy that can be debilitating, which is why an efficient treatment is demanded. Botulinum toxin is an emerging treatment, not well known yet. We report two cases of compensatory hyperhidrosis following thoracic sympathectomy which were both treated with low doses of botulinum toxin A. The patients, a male and a female, noted a high level of satisfaction with the abolishment of sweating that was maintained up to 10 months. We consider that low doses of botulinum toxin A is a well tolerated, safe and effective treatment for compensatory hyperhidrosis and should be offered as an alternative treatment.

  2. Umbilical Cord Blood Transplantation-associated Nephrotic Syndrome Successfully Treated by Low-density Lipoprotein Apheresis

    PubMed Central

    Sugawara, Yuka; Honda, Kenjiro; Katagiri, Daisuke; Nakamura, Motonobu; Kawakami, Takahisa; Nasu, Ryo; Hayashi, Akimasa; Shintani, Yukako; Tojo, Akihiro; Noiri, Eisei; Kurokawa, Mineo; Fukayama, Masashi; Nangaku, Masaomi

    2016-01-01

    The development of nephrotic syndrome (NS) after umbilical cord transplantation (UBT) has been reported in only four cases to date. We herein report the case of a 50-year-old woman who developed NS 94 days after UBT. She fell into oliguria and required dialysis. A kidney biopsy revealed focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis. Although glucocorticoid monotherapy did not improve her condition, the addition of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) apheresis resulted in remission of NS, a drastic improvement in her renal function, and withdrawal from dialysis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of UBT-associated NS treated with LDL apheresis. PMID:27725544

  3. Depressed scar after filler injection successfully treated with pneumatic needleless injector and radiofrequency device.

    PubMed

    Seok, Joon; Choi, Sun Young; Park, Kui Young; Jang, Ji Hye; Bae, Joon Ho; Kim, Beom Joon; Kim, Myeung Nam; Hong, Chang Kwon

    2016-01-01

    Fillers are known to be associated with a number of side effects, one of the most severe being skin necrosis. The most vulnerable areas are those that are supplied by a single arterial branch; for example, the glabellar and nasolabial folds are susceptible. In this study, we report good cosmetic outcomes were produced by utilizing the pneumatic needleless injector and radiofrequency device to treat depressed scars that occurred after necrosis following filler injection. Initially, applying light-emitting diode treatment and following through with the two devices appears to have synergistic effects for scar remodeling when dealing with treatment of depressed scars with irregular borders.

  4. A patient with progressive multiple myeloma treated successfully with arsenic trioxide after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

    PubMed

    Gesundheit, B; Shapira, M Y; Ackerstein, A; Resnik, I B; Bitan, M; Or, R

    2007-01-01

    Multiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable progressive disease. Many therapeutic options are available to delay progression, including autologous and allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. At advanced stages, MM is often refractory to treatment. We report a heavily pretreated patient with graft-versus-host disease after bone marrow transplantations, treated at a terminal stage with a modified protocol for arsenic trioxide (ATO). This patient with poor clinical status tolerated the treatment very well. He had a remarkable clinical response and achieved complete remission. The mechanisms of ATO are presented and the potential role of ATO for MM is discussed.

  5. Erosive pustular dermatosis of the scalp successfully treated with oral prednisone and topical tacrolimus*

    PubMed Central

    Zahdi, Mariana Ribas; Seidel, Gabriela Bestani; Soares, Vanessa Cristina; de Freitas, Camila Fernanda Novak Pinheiro; Mulinari-Brenner, Fabiane Andrade

    2013-01-01

    Erosive pustular dermatosis of the scalp is a rare inflammatory disorder of the scalp, affecting elderly patients after local trauma and leading to scarring or cicatricial alopecia. Case Report: An elderly female patient complained of painful pustules on the parietal region bilaterally with progressive enlargement and ulceration. A biopsy suggested erosive pustular dermatosis of the scalp and the patient was treated with prednisone 40 mg/day and 0.1% topical tacrolimus. After 10 weeks complete closure of the eroded areas was observed and a stable scarring alopecia developed. PMID:24173187

  6. Surviving the storm: two cases of thyroid storm successfully treated with plasmapheresis.

    PubMed

    Carhill, Aubrey; Gutierrez, Absalon; Lakhia, Ronak; Nalini, Ramaswami

    2012-10-19

    Thyroid storm is a rare, but critical, illness that can lead to multiorgan failure and carries a high death rate. The following case series describes two adult men with Graves' disease who presented in thyroid storm and either failed or could not tolerate conventional medical management. However, both patients responded well to plasmapheresis, which resulted in clinical and biochemical stabilisation of their disease processes. The treatment option of plasmapheresis should be considered as a stabilising measure, especially when patients have failed or cannot tolerate conventional therapy. Plasmapheresis leads to amelioration of symptoms and a significant decline in thyroid hormone levels, providing a window to treat definitively with thyroidectomy.

  7. Surviving the storm: two cases of thyroid storm successfully treated with plasmapheresis

    PubMed Central

    Carhill, Aubrey; Gutierrez, Absalon; Lakhia, Ronak; Nalini, Ramaswami

    2012-01-01

    Thyroid storm is a rare, but critical, illness that can lead to multiorgan failure and carries a high death rate. The following case series describes two adult men with Graves’ disease who presented in thyroid storm and either failed or could not tolerate conventional medical management. However, both patients responded well to plasmapheresis, which resulted in clinical and biochemical stabilisation of their disease processes. The treatment option of plasmapheresis should be considered as a stabilising measure, especially when patients have failed or cannot tolerate conventional therapy. Plasmapheresis leads to amelioration of symptoms and a significant decline in thyroid hormone levels, providing a window to treat definitively with thyroidectomy. PMID:23087271

  8. A successful outcome of gross haematuria treated with diethylcarbamazine and ivermectin.

    PubMed

    Kerketta, Anna S; Dhal, Kalpataru; Nayak, Rabindranatha

    2008-05-01

    Gross haematuria caused by lymphatic filariasis has been rarely reported. An adult woman living in a filarial-endemic area presented at a hospital in Orissa, India, in July 2004, with painless gross haematuria without any associated symptoms, such as dysuria, abdominal pain and fever. Urine microscopy revealed many erythrocytes and the immunochromatographic test was positive for filarial antigenaemia. After excluding other causes of haematuria, the patient was treated with a standard dose of diethylcarbamazine for 12 days and a single dose of ivermectin (200 microg/kg) and responded well without any recurrence for 2 years of follow-up.

  9. [A Case of Familial Adenomatous Polyposis with a Desmoid Tumor Probably Communicating to the Intestinal Lumen That Was Successfully Treated with Non-Surgical Therapy].

    PubMed

    Ito, Tetsuya; Chika, Noriyasu; Yamamoto, Azusa; Ogura, Toshiro; Amano, Kunihiko; Ishiguro, Toru; Fukuchi, Minoru; Kumagai, Youichi; Ishibashi, Keiichiro; Eguchi, Hidetaka; Okazaki, Yasushi; Mochiki, Erito; Ishida, Hideyuki

    2016-11-01

    A 44-year-old man with familial adenomatous polyposis underwent laparoscopic-assistedtotal proctocolectomy with ilealpouch anal anastomosis(IPAA). Computed tomography conducted 21 months after IPAA demonstrated bilateral hydronephrosis andan intra-abdominal mass with a maximal diameter of 22 cm, leading to a diagnosis of stage IV desmoid disease, according to the classification by Church and associates. Six courses of combination chemotherapy with doxorubicin plus dacarbazine were administered. Computed tomography after chemotherapy demonstrated marked shrinkage of the desmoidtumor with intraabdominal air andfluidcollection extending just below the skin of the ileostomy closure site. Stoollike fluidoverflowedspontaneously through the site of the ileostomy closure andthe abscess cavity was successfully drained. The patient was discharged 30 days after the start of drainage. The patient is doing well 10 months after the drainage without regrowth of the desmoid tumor, even though a cavity-like lesion encapsulatedby a thick wall remains.

  10. Pulmonary Thromboembolism Complicating Amebic Liver Abscess: First Reported Case in the United States—Case Report and Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    McKenzie, Devon; Gale, Michael; Patel, Sunny; Kaluta, Grazyna

    2015-01-01

    Even in the absence of Amebic colitis, Amebic liver abscess (ALA) is the most common extraintestinal complication of Entamoeba histolytica infection. In the USA, it is most prevalent in middle aged immigrant males from endemic countries such as Africa, Mexico, and India. One of the complications of ALA is inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis, which is believed to result from the mechanical compression of the IVC and the consequent thrombogenic nidus elicited from the resultant inflammatory response. There are very few reported cases and even fewer in which the thrombus became a harbinger to pulmonary thromboembolism. We present the case of a 43-year-old male from West Africa who presented with the chief complaint of right upper quadrant abdominal pain for one week associated with persistent nonproductive cough. He had a positive serum Entamoeba histolytica antibody with CT scan findings of a hepatic abscess with thrombosis of the hepatic vein and inferior vena cava and numerous bilateral pulmonary emboli. This amebic liver abscess was successfully treated with metronidazole and paromomycin, whereas the pulmonary thromboembolism was managed with medical anticoagulation. Based on current knowledge, this is the first reported case in the USA. PMID:26294987

  11. "Half-half" blisters in bullous pemphigoid successfully treated with adjuvant high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin.

    PubMed

    Pacheco, David; Lopes, Leonor; Soares-Almeida, Luis; Marques, Manuel Sacramento; Filipe, Paulo

    2012-09-01

    Bullous pemphigoid is a rare, autoimmune blistering disease. Its clinical presentation is tense blisters that may arise on normal-appearing or erythematous skin. Bullous pemphigoid refractory to systemic corticosteroids in combination with immunosuppressants such as azathioprine and mycophenolate mofetil may benefit from adjuvant high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg). We describe a particular case with an unusual clinical presentation unresponsive to systemic corticosteroids plus azathioprine, in which the addition of high-dose IVIg was successful. The combined therapy of systemic corticosteroids and azathioprine plus high-dose IVIg can be an option in refractory cases due to its efficiency and tolerability.

  12. A case of granulomatosis with polyangiitis and pyoderma gangrenosum successfully treated with infliximab and rituximab.

    PubMed

    Donmez, Salim; Pamuk, Omer N; Gedik, Mustafa; A K, Recep; Bulut, Gulay

    2014-05-01

    Here, we present a young male patient who was admitted with alveolar hemorrhage, arthritis and cutaneous lesions, who later developed bilateral orbital involvement and pyoderma gangrenosum (PG). He also had pathergy test positivity. The patient was refractory to conventional immunosuppressive therapy. Therefore, multiple devastating PG lesions and disease activity in granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) were controlled with infliximab. Later, rituximab was used with success to prevent recurrence of symptoms. The relationship of PG with various autoimmune diseases is known; however, PG in GPA has been only rarely reported. Biologic agents might prove to be effective in GPA and PG patients who are refractory to standard immunosuppressive therapy.

  13. Total Occlusion of Abdominal Aortic Endograft Successfully Treated with Axillobifemoral Bypass

    PubMed Central

    Shirasugi, Takehiro; Yuri, Koichi; Nomura, Yohei; Yamaguchi, Atsushi; Adachi, Hideo; Morita, Hideki

    2015-01-01

    We report a case of total occlusion of a Zenith bifurcated stent graft 16 months after implantation. A 72-year-old man was admitted to our hospital complaining of bilateral lower extremity numbness, followed by severe rest pain 4 h after sudden onset of symptoms. Computed tomography showed total occlusion of the endograft at the mid-portion of the main body. He underwent left axillobifemoral bypass using a reinforced polytetrafluoroethylene T-shaped graft, leading to resolution of symptoms 7 h after onset. Axillobifemoral bypass successfully relieved acute lower extremity ischemia caused by total occlusion of the abdominal aortic endograft. PMID:26730257

  14. A Rare Case of Successfully Treated Coombs Negative Immune Haemolytic Anaemia in Pregnancy

    PubMed Central

    Kaur, Japleen; Bagga, Rashmi; Kalra, Jaswinder Kaur; Jain, Arihant

    2017-01-01

    Immune haemolytic anaemia in pregnancy, although rare, but it can be life threatening. Severe anaemia with jaundice, unresponsive to blood transfusion can clinch the diagnosis of immune haemolytic anaemia. Our patient was a 27-year-old second gravida, with all the above features, but there was diagnostic challenge as her Coombs test was negative. A high index of suspicion and rapid response to glucocorticoids, pointed towards the diagnosis. Thereafter, the course of pregnancy and postpartum period was uneventful. Thus, successful maternal and fetal outcome can be achieved with prompt diagnosis and treatment. PMID:28384940

  15. A successful case of an anaplastic meningioma treated with chemotherapy for soft tissue sarcomas.

    PubMed

    Lucchesi, Maurizio; Buccoliero, Anna M; Scoccianti, Silvia; Guidi, Milena; Farina, Silvia; Fonte, Carla; Favre, Claudio; Genitori, Lorenzo; Sardi, Iacopo

    2016-07-01

    Malignant meningioma has a bad prognosis. Surgery and radiotherapy are the most effective therapeutic options, without an established role for chemotherapy. We report a case of 2-year-old male child with diagnosis of postoperative relapse of a malignant meningioma. Considering the rapid progression, the young age and the lack of effective therapeutic alternatives, the patient underwent multidisciplinary anticancer treatment with a protocol made for soft tissue sarcomas (EpSSG NRSSTS 2005 protocol), with positive outcome. This case represents a successful management of an anaplastic meningioma with a multimodal treatment, including chemotherapy, in a pediatric patient.

  16. Stroke due to typical thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura treated successfully with intravenous thrombolysis and therapeutic plasma exchange

    PubMed Central

    Boattini, Matteo; Procaccianti, Gaetano

    2013-01-01

    We report a case of a 39-year-old man with expressive aphasia due to occlusion of the temporal stem of the left middle cerebral artery. Laboratory tests showed microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia and thrombocytopenia. A thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) was diagnosed, and thrombolytic therapy (TT) with alteplase followed by therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) were performed with complete resolution of symptoms. The gold standard TTP treatment is TPE, and its delay can be lethal. The use of TT in TTP is controversial and has potential risks. This case shows a successful TT in a patient with typical TTP presenting as a stroke due to a large cerebral artery occlusion. PMID:23362068

  17. [Discussions on acute pharyngo - laryngeal diseases treated with acupuncture by physicians of successive ages].

    PubMed

    Zhang, Y; Li, Z

    1999-07-01

    Originated from Neijing, the acupuncture treatment for acute pharyngo-laryngeal diseases was applied by Zhang Zhongjing under the guidance of Neijing and many acupuncture treatments for the disorders were mentioned by Huangfu Mi in his first monograph on acupuncture- moxibustion. Sun Simiao of the Tang dynasty further developed this technique and different therapeutic styles were developed by the Four Schools of Jinyuan dynasties. It was further supplemented by Yang Jizhou and Xue Ji of the Ming dynasty, and the scope of acupuncture treatment was further expanded by Zheng Meijian with disciplinary features and therapeutic mechanism. All the above descriptions from successive ages further pushed forward the development in this field.

  18. Supinator Cyst in a Young Female Softball Player Successfully Treated With Aspiration.

    PubMed

    Redler, Lauren H; Makhni, Eric C; Visco, Christopher J; Ahmad, Christopher S

    2015-07-01

    Ganglion cysts around the elbow joint are rare, with fewer than 25 citations in the English-language literature, most of them case reports. Among the many causes of elbow pain, cysts are primarily a diagnosis that depends on advanced imaging. When an elbow ganglion or perineural cyst is symptomatic, treatment has ranged from nonoperative to surgical intervention. Our case is unique because it is the first documented ultrasound-guided aspiration and cortisone injection that successfully alleviated a patient's symptoms. The procedures and outcomes of minimally invasive ultrasound-guided aspiration and steroid injections have not been described for cysts around the elbow.

  19. The Hospital Course of a Successfully Treated Patient with Respiratory Failure: Beginning to End!

    PubMed

    Callister, T Brian

    The successful treatment of a patient with acute respiratory failure is a complex undertaking that requires clinical competence, evidence-based interventions, seamless coordination of care transitions, and transparent open communication among all members of the health care team. Many of the processes of care in these critically ill patients are reassuringly consistent across services, across hospitals, across health systems, and even across the country. Although the clinical course of such complicated patients can be extremely unpredictable, we are fortunate that the professional, technical, and psychosocial aspects of care for these patients can be relatively orderly, evidence-based, and transparent.

  20. [Brucellar spinal abscess. Case report

    PubMed

    Cecchini, L.; Coari, G.; Iagnocco, A.; Valesini, G.

    2001-01-01

    Brucellosis is a zoonosis commonly present in many areas of the world; in some Mediterranean countries it is endemic. The disease is usually transmitted to humans by ingestion of contaminated food; rarely it may be transmitted either by direct penetration through skin lesions or conjunctival mucosa or even by inhalation of aerosols. The disease may be asymptomatic, but in some occasions acute or chronic symptoms are present. Among localised forms of the disease spinal involvement is rare but it should be suspected in many Mediterranean areas where brucellosis is endemic. In particular, the extension of the brucellar abscess within the epidural space with contemporaneous muscular involvement is unusual. The authors report a case of a patient with multiple spinal brucellar abscesses of exceptional dimensions, extending in the epidural space and within paravertebral and psoas muscles and causing compression of the lumbar nerve roots. The exact localisation and extension of the abscess have been accurately defined by MRI.

  1. Post-gastrectomy Syndrome Successfully Treated With Kampo Medicine: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Ohgishi, Miwako; Horiba, Yuko; Watanabe, Kenji

    2016-01-01

    Cancer-related gastrectomy can cause post-gastrectomy syndrome, which includes weight loss, dumping syndrome, and reflux esophagitis and negatively affects the quality of life. Comprehensive and individualized patient management is required; however, there is a limit to Western medicine's ability to treat these symptoms. Kampo, a traditional Japanese medicine, adapts treatments to each individual's symptoms and constitution. We treated a 68-year-old male patient with post-gastrectomy syndrome using senpukukataishasekito, a Kampo medicine. He was diagnosed with Stage II-A gastric cancer at age 66 years and underwent a laparoscopic, pylorus-preserving gastrectomy followed by chemotherapy for 13 months. He visited our clinic for chemotherapy-related fatigue, postsurgical weight loss, and limb numbness. He was prescribed both hachimijiogan and hochuekkito. At the second visit, he complained of stomach discomfort, so we prescribed senpukukataishasekito. As his stomach function improved, his body weight increased and his fatigue decreased. We suggest that senpukukataishasekito may be an effective treatment for post-gastrectomy syndrome.

  2. Pure red cell aplasia associated with autoimmune hepatitis successfully treated with cyclosporine A.

    PubMed

    Sato, Akira; Sano, Fumiaki; Ishii, Toshiya; Adachi, Kayo; Negishi, Ryujirou; Matsumoto, Nobuyuki; Okuse, Chiaki

    2014-02-01

    A 47-year-old female with a 17-year history of autoimmune hepatitis had been treated with prednisolone, azathioprine, and ursodeoxycholic acid. Although her alanine aminotransferase level occasionally showed mild abnormality, the prednisolone dose could not be increased because she had developed cataract during the course of her illness. In May 2012, she developed severe normochromic normocytic anemia without hemorrhage, and azathioprine was discontinued because it was suspected of being the cause. However, anemia recurred frequently even after discontinuation, necessitating repeated blood transfusions. Bone marrow analysis revealed selective erythroblastopenia, thus leading to a diagnosis of pure red cell aplasia. Cyclosporine A was administered, which led to a dramatic recovery from anemia, and stabilized her alanine aminotransferase levels. Furthermore, the prednisolone dose could be gradually tapered. Pure red cell aplasia associated with autoimmune hepatitis is extremely rare. The present case shows that patients with autoimmune hepatitis refractory to the standard treatment regimen and those with concomitant pure red cell aplasia may be treated with cyclosporine A.

  3. Post-gastrectomy Syndrome Successfully Treated With Kampo Medicine: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Ohgishi, Miwako; Horiba, Yuko

    2016-01-01

    Cancer-related gastrectomy can cause post-gastrectomy syndrome, which includes weight loss, dumping syndrome, and reflux esophagitis and negatively affects the quality of life. Comprehensive and individualized patient management is required; however, there is a limit to Western medicine's ability to treat these symptoms. Kampo, a traditional Japanese medicine, adapts treatments to each individual's symptoms and constitution. We treated a 68-year-old male patient with post-gastrectomy syndrome using senpukukataishasekito, a Kampo medicine. He was diagnosed with Stage II-A gastric cancer at age 66 years and underwent a laparoscopic, pylorus-preserving gastrectomy followed by chemotherapy for 13 months. He visited our clinic for chemotherapy-related fatigue, postsurgical weight loss, and limb numbness. He was prescribed both hachimijiogan and hochuekkito. At the second visit, he complained of stomach discomfort, so we prescribed senpukukataishasekito. As his stomach function improved, his body weight increased and his fatigue decreased. We suggest that senpukukataishasekito may be an effective treatment for post-gastrectomy syndrome. PMID:26937322

  4. Idiopathic non-hypertrophic pyloric stenosis in an infant successfully treated via endoscopic approach

    PubMed Central

    Karnsakul, Wikrom; Cannon, Mary L; Gillespie, Stacey; Vaughan, Richard

    2010-01-01

    Non-peptic, non-hypertrophic pyloric stenosis has rarely been reported in pediatric literature. Endoscopic pyloric balloon dilation has been shown to be a safe procedure in treating gastric outlet obstruction in older children and adults. Partial gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) was diagnosed in an infant by history and confirmed by an upper gastrointestinal series (UGI). Abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography scan excluded idiopathic hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, abdominal tumors, gastrointestinal and hepato-biliary-pancreatic anomalies. Endoscopic findings showed a pinhole-sized pylorus and did not indicate peptic ulcer disease, Helicobacter pylori infection, antral web, or evidence of allergic and inflammatory bowel diseases. Three sessions of a step-wise endoscopic pyloric balloon dilation were conducted under general anesthesia and a fluoroscopy at two week intervals using catheter balloons (Boston Scientific Microvasive®, MA, USA) of increasing diameters. Repeat UGI after the first session revealed normal gastrointestinal transit and no intestinal obstruction. The patient tolerated solid food without any gastrointestinal symptoms since the first session. The endoscope was able to be passed through the pylorus after the last session. Although the etiology of GOO in this infant is unclear (proposed mechanisms are herein discussed), endoscopic pyloric balloon dilation was a safe procedure for treating this young infant with non-peptic, non-hypertrophic pyloric stenosis and should be considered as an initial approach before pyloroplasty in such presentations. PMID:21191516

  5. Primary psoas muscle abscess in pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Swanson, Amy; Lau, Kenneth K; Korman, Tony M; Kornman, Tony; Wallace, Euan M; Polyakov, Alex

    2008-12-01

    Primary iliacus-psoas muscle abscess formation is very uncommon during pregnancy. We present a case of a primary iliacus-psoas muscle abscess in pregnancy causing back pain with delayed diagnosis and treatment. Understanding the clinical presentation of iliacus-psoas muscle abscess helps with considering it in the differential diagnosis of back pain during pregnancy.

  6. [A Case of Metachronous Liver Metastases of Gall Bladder Cancer Successfully Treated by Liver Resection].

    PubMed

    Asai, Kensuke; Murata, Masaru; Saso, Kazuhiro; Yamada, Moyuru; Sawami, Hirokazu; Suzuki, Rei; Fukunaga, Hiroki; Tanaka, Nobuo; Yamamoto, Masayuki; Hiratsuka, Masahiro

    2016-11-01

    A 73-year-old woman was diagnosed with gall bladder cancer by contrast enhanced CT images.The tumor was detected at the fundus of the gall bladder and enhanced heterogeneously.She underwent radical cholecystectomy including Japanese D2 lymph node dissection for gall bladder cancer.After 4 courses of oral S-1(80mg/m2 administered for 4 weeks and then stopped for 2 weeks)as adjuvant chemotherapy, a liver metastasis at segment 5 appeared 11 months postoperatively.It showed a ring enhanced tumor on contrast enhanced CT images.FDG accumulated in a similar lesion on PET-CT images.The patient successfully underwent partial hepatectomy of segment 5 of the liver.However, another liver metastasis at segment 7 appeared 5 months after the second operation, but it was resected successfully.The primary lesion and both liver metastases showed similar microscopic appearances.Seven courses of gemcitabine therapy(gemcitabine 1,000mg/m2 once every week for 3 weeks and then stopped for 1 week)were administered as adjuvant chemotherapy.She is now doing well without any sign of recurrence 2 years after the initial operation and 14 months after the secondary liver resection.

  7. Fulminant ependymitis following intraventricular rupture of brain abscess.

    PubMed

    Inamasu, Joji; Kuramae, Takumi; Tomiyasu, Kazuhiro; Nakatsukasa, Masashi

    2011-08-01

    A 48-year-old man with a history of a penetrating brain injury was referred with a presumptive diagnosis of bacterial meningitis. Examination revealed a brain abscess in addition to meningitis. Blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cultures were negative for bacteria, and empirical IV antibiotic therapy with vancomycin (VCM) and meropenem was initiated. Despite initial improvement, however, his condition rapidly deteriorated into coma following intraventricular rupture of the abscess and hydrocephalus. Thereafter, an emergency ventriculostomy was performed and the abscess was evacuated. Bacterial cultures of the pus were negative. To manage the hydrocephalus, 150-200 ml of CSF were drained daily. Intraventricular administration of VCM (20 mg q.d.) was added to the IV antibiotic therapeutic regimen after surgery. Although the primary abscess rapidly decreased in size, ependymitis developed in the fourth ventricle. This new lesion, which resulted from CSF dissemination from the primary abscess, was refractory to treatment, and eventually disappeared after the intraventricular VCM dosage was increased from 20 to 30 mg and continued for 30 days. A possible reason for the development of fulminant ependymitis and why it was refractory to treatment despite the shrinkage of the primary lesion may be that physiological CSF flow from the lateral to the fourth ventricle was lost due to CSF drainage, and the stagnant CSF flow coupled with an insufficient VCM level in the fourth ventricle facilitated the rapid growth of pathogens. Although intraventricular antibiotic administration is efficacious for treating ruptured brain abscesses, it may be associated with the unexpected development of secondary lesions.

  8. Acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura and atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome successfully treated with eculizumab

    PubMed Central

    Cottler-Fox, Michele; Motwani, Pooja

    2017-01-01

    Acquired idiopathic thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is a life-threatening disease with a mortality of up to 90%, if not promptly recognized and treated. We report a 64-year-old woman with this condition who presented with left-sided weakness and seizure-like activity preceded by headache and easy bruising. She did not achieve optimal response to plasma exchange, corticosteroids, rituximab, and vincristine. We initiated treatment with eculizumab, following which she had durable remission that continued for 30 months after discontinuation of the drug. We later found that our patient has homozygous deletion in two closely related genes, complement factor H–related 1 and complement factor H–related 3. PMID:28405075

  9. [A case of infective Aerococcus urinae endocarditis successfully treated by aortic valve replacement].

    PubMed

    Miyazato, Akiko; Ohkusu, Kiyohumi; Ishii, Shunsuke; Sasaoka, Taishi; Ikeda, Masahiro; Niinami, Hiroshi; Ezaki, Takayuki; Mitsutake, Kotaro

    2011-11-01

    Aerococcus urinae is a endocarditis rare causative organism with low virulene. We report an A. urinae endocarditis case treated by aortic valve replacement. An 80-year-old woman hospitalized for urinary tract infection and hydronephrosis due to three-week renal calculi. Blood culture on admission isolated Streptococcus acidominimus. During the course, she was transferred to our care for surgical intervention after developing congestive heart failure due to severe aortic regurgitation. Echocardiographic findings indicated infective endocarditis. She underwent aortic valve replacement, and gram staining of the resected valve tissue showed gram-positive cocci, although valve culture was negative. PCR amplification and DNA sequencing using the valve material matched an A. urinae sequence. The woman recovered and was discharged six weeks after antibiotic treatment.

  10. [A Case of Recurrent Breast Cancer with Carcinomatous Pleurisy Successfully Treated with Biweekly Paclitaxel and Bevacizumab].

    PubMed

    Yoshida, Takashi; Goto, Yoshinari; Sakiyama, Kana; Kimura, Morihiko

    2016-11-01

    A 72-year-old woman underwent mastectomy with axillary lymph node dissection for left breast cancer at the age of 43 years, and was diagnosed with breast cancer metastasis to the pleura at the age of 68 years. She had been sequentially treated with hormonal therapies, but complained of a cough and dyspnea after 4 years. Chest radiography showed right pleural effusion, and cytological examination of the pleural effusion revealed adenocarcinoma cells. Biweekly paclitaxel and bevacizumab therapy was administered. Two months later, the pleural effusion had disappeared. Biweekly paclitaxel and bevacizumab therapy was continued without any severe adverse events. After 30 months, the patient has remained free of carcinomatous pleurisy recurrence. Therefore, biweekly paclitaxel and bevacizumab therapy can be safely and effectively administered to elderly patients with carcinomatous pleurisy.

  11. Weber-Christian disease with ileocolonic involvement successfully treated with infliximab

    PubMed Central

    Miranda-Bautista, José; Fernández-Simón, Alejandro; Pérez-Sánchez, Isabel; Menchén, Luis

    2015-01-01

    Weber-Christian disease (WCD) is an inflammatory disease whose main histological feature is lobular panniculitis of adipose tissue. The location of panniculitis determines the clinical presentation, being the subcutaneous adipose tissue the most frequent one, followed by liver, spleen, bone marrow and mesenteric adipose tissue. Systemic corticosteroids are first line treatment, but other options should be considered if systemic symptoms are observed or in case of refractory clinical situation. We report herein a case with WCD showing orbital, mesenteric and ileocolonic involvement, which required surgical treatment and also developed postoperative recurrence. Symptoms were resolved by administration of thalidomide and, afterwards, infliximab. To our knowledge, this is the first report of Weber-Christian disease with luminal ileocolonic involvement, treated with infliximab. PMID:25954116

  12. Primary bone marrow B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma successfully treated with R-CHOP.

    PubMed

    Qian, Liren; Zhang, Zhi; Shen, Jianliang; Liu, Yi

    2013-01-01

    Primary isolated bone marrow disease as a presenting feature of lymphoma is very rare. We describe the case of a Chinese with isolated bone marrow small B-cell lymphoma as a first manifestation. A 55-year old woman was admitted to our hospital with fever. Her peripheral blood smear and laboratory findings were suggestive of bicytopenia. Bone marrow specimen showed diffusely distributed small-sized lymphocytes. Combined with immunophenotypic and chromosomal analysis, a diagnosis of primary bone marrow B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma was made. The patient was treated with R-CHOP (rituximab and cyclophosphamide, epirubicin, vindesine, and prednisone) regimen for six cycles. She had complete remission and is still alive without relapse. We concluded that primary bone marrow mature small B-cell lymphoma is a rare but distinctive subtype of lymphoma. The prognosis for this entity is poor but rituximab-based treatment is promising for improving its outcomes.

  13. [Case of successful pregnancy and childbirth in a rheumatoid arthritis patient treated with etanercept].

    PubMed

    Furukawa, Kanako; Maeshima, Etsuko; Ichinose, Masakazu

    2013-01-01

    The patient was a 34-year-old woman who, at age 23, was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) presenting with morning stiffness, swelling and tenderness of bilateral knee joints and metacarpophalangeal (MP) joints of the right second and third fingers, increased C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, and a high level of rheumatoid factor (RF). The patient was maintaining remission with oral dose of bucillamine (BUC; 300 mg/day); however, due to the deterioration of arthralgia at age 26, she was additionally administered 8 mg/week of methotrexate (MTX), which improved the symptoms. Thereafter, the prescription of BUC was discontinued. At age 31, she experienced onsets of swelling and tenderness in both the knee joints and wrists and in MP joints of the right second and third fingers; further, CRP levels increased to 5.44 mg/dL, resulting in increased RA activity. The concomitant administration of infliximab was started at a dose of 3 mg/kg, which helped achieve favorable RA control. At age 32, approximately 2 years before childbirth, the prescription of infliximab was changed to 25 mg/dose of etanercept administered twice a week because the patient wished to conceive. Remission was maintained even after the drug change; therefore, MTX was discontinued and the patient was treated with etanercept alone. After she was confirmed to be pregnant in March of the following year, administration of etanercept was continued for treating of RA even during pregnancy. During that time, RA was favorably controlled, and the patient gave birth to a baby boy weighing 3192 g in October of the same year. The Apgar score of the baby was favorable. This case is considered important because, to the best of our knowledge, this may be the first report of a planned pregnancy and childbirth in a patient under administration of a biological preparation.

  14. A Selective Mutism Arising from First Language Attrition, Successfully Treated with Paroxetine-CBT Combination Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Serra, Agostino; Di Mauro, Paola; Andaloro, Claudio; Maiolino, Luigi; Pavone, Piero

    2015-01-01

    After immersion in a foreign language, speakers often have difficulty retrieving native-language words and may experience a decrease in its proficiency, this phenomenon, in the non-pathological form, is known as first language attrition. Self-perception of this low native-language proficiency and apprehension occurring when speaking is expected and, may sometimes lead these people to a state of social anxiety and, in extreme forms, can involve the withholding of speech as a primitive tool for self-protection, linking them to selective mutism. We report an unusual case of selective mutism arising from first language attrition in an Italian girl after attending a two-year "German language school", who successfully responded to a paroxetine-cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) combination treatment. PMID:26508972

  15. Successful use of uterine artery embolisation to treat placenta increta in the first trimester.

    PubMed

    Soleymani Majd, Hooman; Srikantha, Maithili; Majumdar, Subrata; B-Lynch, Christopher; Choji, Kiyoshi; Canthaboo, Manivannan; Ismail, Lamiese

    2009-05-01

    A 39-year-old Asian woman was admitted to hospital with persistent, heavy vaginal bleeding following an uncomplicated first trimester surgical termination of pregnancy (STOP). Her heavy bleeding continued after the STOP and she had recurrent hospital admissions which included two procedures to evacuate presumed retained products of conception. She eventually had a MRI scan performed which suggested placental tissue in the fundal region, extended into the uterine wall. The findings were consistent with placenta increta and the patient had a bilateral uterine artery embolisation (UAE), following which her symptoms rapidly subsided. We describe the first successfully managed case of persistent vaginal bleeding secondary to abnormal placentation. It would seem to substantiate the efficacy of UAE as a therapeutic modality for the conservative management of invasive placentation in the first trimester of pregnancy.

  16. A Selective Mutism Arising from First Language Attrition, Successfully Treated with Paroxetine-CBT Combination Treatment.

    PubMed

    Serra, Agostino; Di Mauro, Paola; Andaloro, Claudio; Maiolino, Luigi; Pavone, Piero; Cocuzza, Salvatore

    2015-10-01

    After immersion in a foreign language, speakers often have difficulty retrieving native-language words and may experience a decrease in its proficiency, this phenomenon, in the non-pathological form, is known as first language attrition. Self-perception of this low native-language proficiency and apprehension occurring when speaking is expected and, may sometimes lead these people to a state of social anxiety and, in extreme forms, can involve the withholding of speech as a primitive tool for self-protection, linking them to selective mutism. We report an unusual case of selective mutism arising from first language attrition in an Italian girl after attending a two-year "German language school", who successfully responded to a paroxetine-cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) combination treatment.

  17. Bleeding associated with acquired factor V inhibitor in a patient on warfarin treated successfully with prednisolone

    PubMed Central

    Khalafallah, Alhossain; Grabek, Julian; Hayes, Robert; Mohamed, Muhajir

    2013-01-01

    An 85-year-old man on warfarin for atrial fibrillation presented with skin bleeding. International normalised ratio (INR) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) were elevated and did not correct even after warfarin reversal with vitamin K, prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) and fresh frozen plasma. Mixing coagulation studies with normal plasma suggested the presence of an inhibitor rather than the multiple coagulation factor deficiencies expected with warfarin. Assays of the common-pathway coagulation factors revealed factor V concentration <2% with inhibitor level elevated to 11 Bethesda units. The bleeding resolved following a course of corticosteroids. Coagulation studies and factor V level returned to normal along with resolution of the inhibitor. We report the case of the diagnostic dilemma posed and successful therapy implemented despite the limited evidence-based data being available for the treatment of this rare condition. PMID:23921688

  18. Dural Arteriovenous Fistula Manifested as Rapid Progressive Dementia Successfully Treated by Endovascular Embolization Only

    PubMed Central

    Hwang, Heewon; La, Yun Kyung; Baek, Min Seok; Baik, Kyoungwon; Suh, Sang Hyun

    2017-01-01

    A 43-year-old male presented with daytime sleepiness at work and indifferent behavior like never before. Two weeks prior to hospital admission, he had episodic memory loss with well preserved remote memory. Brain MRI showed a dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) in the right lateral transverse sinus with a bilateral thalamic venous infarction. Cerebral angiography confirmed a right transverse sigmoid dural arteriovenous fistula with a feeding artery of the right occipital artery and left posterior meningeal artery. The DAVF was completely eliminated through multiple endovascular interventions. Recently, endovascular treatment has become one of the main therapeutic options to obliterate a fistulous site, which has led to a rapid diagnostic approach and management of DAVFs with high curative rates. We report a rare case of posterior fossa located at a dural arteriovenous fistula that caused rapid progressive dementia and was successfully eliminated through only endovascular treatment. PMID:28316870

  19. Clopidogrel-induced refractory thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura successfully treated with rituximab.

    PubMed

    Khodor, Sara; Castro, Miguel; McNamara, Colin; Chaulagain, Chakra P

    2016-06-01

    Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a multisystem disorder characterized by microvascular aggregation of platelets and fibrin strands causing thrombocytopenia, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, and organ dysfunction. TTP can develop as a result of a deficiency in ADAMTS13 enzyme activity due to either a genetic defect or, more commonly, the development of anti-ADAMTS13 autoantibodies. TTP can also be associated with pregnancy, organ transplant, lupus, infections, and drugs. Here, we present a case of TTP that developed shortly after the start of clopidogrel treatment for acute ischemic stroke and acute myocardial infarction, and describe the clinical presentation, refractory course of the disease, and successful induction of remission through the use of rituximab in a setting of pre-existing autoimmune diseases.

  20. Chronic subdural hematoma in a patient with congenital afibrinogenemia successfully treated with fibrinogen replacement.

    PubMed

    Sakai, Naoto; Akamine, Soichi; Tokuyama, Tsutomu; Sugiyama, Kenji; Kanayama, Naohiro; Namba, Hiroki

    2011-01-01

    A 37-year-old woman with congenital afibrinogenemia presented with chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) manifesting as severe headache, nausea, and somnolence after a minor head trauma. Brain computed tomography scans showed a right subdural hematoma associated with midline shift. Laboratory studies showed prolongation of prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, and undetectably low level of fibrinogen. Until the present episode, she had received plasma-derived fibrinogen concentrate around menstruation and pregnancy. She had also suffered from spinal cord infarction due to vertebral artery occlusion. Burr-hole evacuation and drainage of CSDH was successfully performed using fibrinogen concentrate. The development of CSDH with afibrinogenemia is very rare. Although the past repeated administrations of fibrinogen concentrate were suspected to generate CSDH, paradoxical thrombotic complications caused by upregulation of prothrombin activation, thrombin generation, and growth factors released from platelets might be related to the development of CSDH with congenital afibrinogenemia.

  1. Bone marrow CD34+ progenitor cells may harbour HIV-DNA even in successfully treated patients.

    PubMed

    Bordoni, V; Bibas, M; Abbate, I; Viola, D; Rozera, G; Agrati, C; Rinaldi, A; Amendola, A; Ammassari, A; Capobianchi, M R; Martini, F

    2015-03-01

    The issue about bone marrow hematopoietic progenitor cells harbouring HIV-DNA in infected patients is still under scrutiny. We studied nine HIV-infected individuals undergoing bone marrow aspiration for diagnostic purposes. In all patients, even in those receiving successful antiretroviral therapy for several years, HIV-DNA was detected in purified CD34+ lineage-bone marrow progenitor cells. This finding, although not conclusive due to the low number of patients examined, adds further evidence that current treatment strategies may be insufficient to resolve latent infection in bone marrow CD34+ hematopoietic progenitor cells. Copyright © 2014 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. [A case of primary erythromelalgia successfully treated with high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin therapy].

    PubMed

    Kuroda, Takeshi; Sugimoto, Azusa; Ishigaki, Seiichirou; Murakami, Hidetomo; Kawamura, Mitsuru

    2014-02-01

    Erythromelalgia is a rare condition characterized by constant or paroxysmal burning pain, erythema, and the elevation of skin temperature in the extremities. Recently, the impairment of C-fiber function due to autoimmune system involvement is considered as the primary cause of erythromelalgia. However, a successful treatment has yet not been established. We report a case of a 39-year-old woman with primary erythromelalgia accompanied by high cerebrospinal fluid protein concentration and axonal neuropathy. She received various antiepileptic and anti-inflammatory drugs, but failed to improve. She finally underwent high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin therapy, which dramatically improved her symptoms and normalized cerebrospinal fluid protein concentration. This result demonstrates the effectiveness of high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin therapy for the treatment of primary erythromelalgia and the possibility of autoimmune system involvement.

  3. Severe gastric variceal bleeding successfully treated by emergency splenic artery embolization.

    PubMed

    Sankararaman, Senthilkumar; Velayuthan, Sujithra; Vea, Romulo; Herbst, John

    2013-06-01

    Bleeding from gastric varices due to splenic vein obstruction is extremely rare in children, but it can be catastrophic. Reported herein is the case of a teenager with splenic vein thrombosis and chronic decompensated liver disease from autoimmune hepatitis who presented with massive gastric variceal bleeding. Standard medical management did not control the bleeding. Due to decompensated liver disease and continuous active bleeding, emergency partial splenic artery embolization was preferred over splenectomy or a shunt procedure. Bleeding was successfully controlled by partial splenic artery embolization by decreasing the inflow of blood into the portal system. It is concluded that emergency partial splenic artery embolization is a safer alternative life-saving procedure to manage severe gastric variceal bleeding due to splenic vein obstruction in a patient with high surgical risk. To our knowledge, only one other patient with similar management has been reported in the pediatric age group. © 2013 The Authors. Pediatrics International © 2013 Japan Pediatric Society.

  4. Successful Long-Term Treatment of Cerebral Nocardiosis with Unexpectedly Low Doses of Linezolid in an Immunocompromised Patient Receiving Complex Polytherapy

    PubMed Central

    Cojutti, Piergiorgio; Pagotto, Alberto; Cristini, Francesco; Furlanut, Mario; Viale, Pierluigi

    2012-01-01

    Cerebral nocardiosis is a severe infection that carries the highest mortality rate among all bacterial cerebral abscesses. We report on a case in an immunocompromised patient which was successfully treated with unexpectedly low doses of linezolid. Therapeutic drug monitoring was very helpful in highlighting issues of poor compliance and of drug-drug interactions. PMID:22371902

  5. Treatment of acute abscesses in the casualty department.

    PubMed Central

    Simms, M H; Curran, F; Johnson, R A; Oates, J; Givel, J C; Chabloz, R; ALexander-Williams, J

    1982-01-01

    In the treatment of acute pyogenic soft-tissue abscess incision, curettage, and primary suture was compared with incision and drainage alone in a randomised prospective trial. Operations were performed under antibiotic cover by casualty officers, and patients were reviewed by an independent observer in a septic dressing clinic. Altogether 114 patients were studied, of whom 54 were treated by curettage and primary suture and 60 by simple drainage. The mean healing time was 8.9 days in those treated by primary suture and 7.8 days in those treated by simple drainage (p less than 0.05). Primary healing failed to occur in 19 (35%) of the sutured wounds, but there were no other complications in either group. It is concluded that incision and drainage alone is adequate treatment for acute soft-tissue abscess. PMID:6805714

  6. Syncope in a patient being treated for hepatic and intestinal amoebiasis.

    PubMed

    Yelve, Kavita; Phatak, Sanat; Patil, Meenakshi Amit; Pazare, Amar R

    2012-11-30

    A 63-year-old man presented to our hospital with amoebic liver abscess and was treated successfully for the same. During the course of his treatment, he developed syncopal attacks and was found to have Torsades de Pointes on electrocardiogram. The patient was treated with intravenous magnesium and direct current cardioversion. Hypokalaemia, chloroquine and sepsis were suspected to have precipitated the arrhythmia. The patient remained arrhythmia-free following the correction of these factors.

  7. Syncope in a patient being treated for hepatic and intestinal amoebiasis

    PubMed Central

    Yelve, Kavita; Phatak, Sanat; Patil, Meenakshi Amit; Pazare, Amar R

    2012-01-01

    A 63-year-old man presented to our hospital with amoebic liver abscess and was treated successfully for the same. During the course of his treatment, he developed syncopal attacks and was found to have Torsades de Pointes on electrocardiogram. The patient was treated with intravenous magnesium and direct current cardioversion. Hypokalaemia, chloroquine and sepsis were suspected to have precipitated the arrhythmia. The patient remained arrhythmia-free following the correction of these factors. PMID:23203174

  8. Septic diseases associated with the hoof complex: abscesses, punctures wounds, and infection of the lateral cartilage.

    PubMed

    Redding, W Rich; O'Grady, Stephen E

    2012-08-01

    Hoof abscesses are probably the most common cause of acute severe lameness in horses encountered by veterinarians and farriers. Most affected horses show sudden, severe (acute) lameness; the degree of lameness varies from being subtle in the early stages to non-weight bearing. There is still debate between the veterinary and farrier professions as to who should treat a hoof abscess and the best method to resolve the abscess. Puncture wounds to the sole of the foot can introduce bacteria and debris to the solar surface of the distal phalanx and produce a fracture or a septic pedal osteitis. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Advanced adult esthesioneuroblastoma successfully treated with cisplatin and etoposide alternated with doxorubicin, ifosfamide and vincristine.

    PubMed

    Turano, Salvatore; Mastroianni, Candida; Manfredi, Caterina; Biamonte, Rosalbino; Ceniti, Silvia; Liguori, Virginia; De Simone, Rosanna; Conforti, Serafino; Filice, Aldo; Rovito, Antonio; Viscomi, Caterina; Patitucci, Giuseppe; Palazzo, Salvatore

    2010-05-01

    The esthesioneuroblastoma is a rare neuroendocrine tumor that derives from the olfactory cells. In the last 20 years, around 1,000 cases have been described, with an overall survival rate of 60-70% at 5 years. The most common symptoms are nasal bleeding, nasal clogging and, in locally advanced cases, signs/symptoms of intracranic hypertension such as papilla edema, cefalea, and vomiting. The standard treatments are surgery and radiotherapy. Chemotherapy can be used in an adjuvant/neoadjuvant setting and in the metastatic phase, even if its role is still not established with certainty. Here, the case is reported of a young man (38 years old) with a locally advanced esthesioneuroblastoma. Two months before coming to our clinic, he had been treated elsewhere with debulking surgery through bilateral frontal craniotomy. After surgery, MRI showed residual disease in the nasal cavities and in the medial wall of the orbits responsible for blindness and bilateral exophthalmos within a month: a very short time. Octreoscan and whole body CT scan confirmed a locally advanced disease, in the absence of metastases. Chemotherapy was begun with cisplatin and etoposide alternated with doxorubicin, ifosfamide and vincristine with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) support after every cycle. Soon after the first cycle, an important reduction of pain and decrease of the exophthalmos and vertigos was observed. No improvement in blindness was seen. The patient is still stable after 24 months of follow up.

  10. The late occurrence of urinary tract damage in patients successfully treated by radiotherapy for cervical carcinoma

    SciTech Connect

    Zoubek, J.; McGuire, E.J.; Noll, F.; DeLancey, J.O.

    1989-06-01

    Urinary tract complications apparently resulting from radiation therapy for carcinoma of the cervix can occur as long as 30 years after cessation of such treatment. Patients generally present with urinary incontinence and often are treated by standard operative methods that usually are unsuccessful. Incontinence is related to bladder fibrosis, urethral nonfunction and vesicovaginal fistuLa formation, and may be accompanied by bilateral ureteral obstruction. Of 11 patients with late complications of radiotherapy 4 had upper tract deterioration, 4 had vesicovaginal fistulas, 5 had an incompetent urethra aNd 9 had a fibrotic, noncompliant areflexive bladder. Treatment was aimed at providing adequate low pressure storage capacity and consisted of augmentation cystoplasty in 5 patients, repair of the fistula in 4 and correction of urethral dysfunction in 5. Women who complain of incontinence and/or irritable bladder symptoms with a history of radiotherapy for cervical carcinoma should be evaluated for fistuLa formation, urethral incompetence, and detrusor areflexia and fibrosis before treatment is done.

  11. MED23-associated refractory epilepsy successfully treated with the ketogenic diet.

    PubMed

    Lionel, Anath C; Monfared, Nasim; Scherer, Stephen W; Marshall, Christian R; Mercimek-Mahmutoglu, Saadet

    2016-09-01

    We report a new patient with refractory epilepsy associated with a novel pathogenic homozygous MED23 variant. This 7.5-year-old boy from consanguineous parents had infantile onset global developmental delay and refractory epilepsy. He was treated with the ketogenic diet at 2.5 years of age and became seizure free on the first day. He had microcephaly and truncal hypotonia. His brain MRI showed delayed myelination and thin corpus callosum. He was enrolled in a whole exome sequencing research study, which identified a novel, homozygous, likely pathogenic (c.1937A>G; p.Gln646Arg) variant in MED23. MED23 is a regulator of energy homeostasis and glucose production. Liver-specific Med23-knockout mice showed reduced liver gluconeogenesis and lower blood glucose levels compared to control mice. This is the first patient with documented refractory epilepsy caused by a novel homozygous pathogenic variant in MED23 expanding the phenotypic spectrum. Identification of the underlying genetic defect in MED23 sheds light on the possible mechanism of complete response to the ketogenic diet in this child. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  12. A new, noninvasive approach for successfully treating the pain and inflammation of TMJ disorders.

    PubMed

    Hodosh, Milton; Hodosh, Steven H; Hodosh, Alex J

    2007-01-01

    This article introduces a new topical gel and method for rapidly relieving temporomandibular joint (TMJ), muscles of mastication, and myofacial pain while uniquely inhibiting the associated destructive chronic inflammation. The gel (composed of 18% potassium complex, 10% dimethylisosorbide, and 72% aqueous hydroxyethyl cellulose gel) was applied and gently rubbed onto the facial skin over the painful TMJs, muscles of mastication, and myofacial areas. The gel was applied as soon as clinicians identified the TMJ disorder, as the authors have found that the gel routinely and predictably provides rapid pain relief and patient comfort and speeds restoration of the jaw's functional abilities, usually within 5 minutes after it is applied. The relief is attributable to the combined ability of potassium and dimethylisosorbide to inhibit inflammation and pain. These dynamic results have led the authors to recommend that the gel be applied as a first-step procedure before trying to definitively diagnose and treat the cause(s) of the patients' pain and dysfunction. Once the pain had been eliminated as a complicating factor, a diagnosis and treatment plan concerning the jaw's biomechanical problems may be identified and dealt with. The ability to remove pain and inflammation as a first measure before making a definitive diagnosis and treatment plan minimizes patient anxiety, depression, and psychological concerns. Subsequent diagnosis and treatment of the biomechanical disorder(s) related to TMJ are then more easily and effectively accomplished.

  13. An SLE patient with prolactinoma and recurrent granulomatous mastitis successfully treated with hydroxychloroquine and bromocriptine.

    PubMed

    Zhang, L-N; Shi, T-Y; Yang, Y-J; Zhang, F-C

    2014-04-01

    Granulomatous mastitis (GM) is a rare benign mammary lesion in which autoimmunity and hyperprolactinemia are considered possible etiological factors. GM has a high frequency of relapse and may lead to chronic ulceration and fistula if not treated properly. Here we report a case of a 22-year-old systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patient with three years' disease duration, stable on prednisone and hydroxychloroquine, who was found to have prolactinoma and recurrent GM after she discontinued medication on her own accord. The patient subsequently recovered and remained free of GM relapse under treatment of prednisone, hydroxychloroquine and bromocriptine. Though autoimmune disorders and prolactinoma were reported in GM, a coexisting condition of SLE, prolactinoma, and granulomatous mastitis has rarely been observed in one patient. We suggest our case as an illustrative example of the complex interaction between autoimmunity, neuroendocrine dysfunction, and manifestations in the breast: Immunological disturbances in the background of SLE, coupled with elevated prolactin levels secondary to a prolactinoma, may have predisposed the patient to the development of GM. The mammary lesion recovered and maintained free of relapse under immunosuppressive and antiprolactinemic therapy.

  14. Succession of Deferribacteres and Epsilonproteobacteria through a nitrate-treated high-temperature oil production facility.

    PubMed

    Gittel, Antje; Kofoed, Michael V W; Sørensen, Ketil B; Ingvorsen, Kjeld; Schramm, Andreas

    2012-05-01

    Members of Epsilonproteobacteria and Deferribacteres have been implied in nitrate-induced souring control in high-temperature oil production facilities. Here we report on their diversity and abundance in the injection and production part of a nitrate-treated, off-shore oil facility (Halfdan, Denmark) and aimed to assess their potential in souring control. Nitrate addition to deoxygenated seawater shifted the low-biomass seawater community dominated by Gammaproteobacteria closely affiliated with the genus Colwellia to a high-biomass community with significantly higher species richness. Epsilonproteobacteria accounted for less than 1% of the total bacterial community in the nitrate-amended injection water and were most likely outcompeted by putative nitrate-reducing, methylotrophic Gammaproteobacteria of the genus Methylophaga. Reservoir passage and recovery of the oil resulted in a significant change in the bacterial community. Members of the thermophilic Deferribacteres were the second major fraction of the bacterial community in the production water (~30% of the total bacterial community). They were not found in the injection water and were therefore assumed to be indigenous to the reservoir. Additional diversity analysis and targeted quantification of periplasmic nitrate reductase (napA) genes indicated that most resident Deferribacteres possessed the functional potential to contribute to nitrate reduction in the system. In sum, the dominance of nitrate-reducing Deferribacteres and the low relative abundance of Epsilonproteobacteria throughout the production facility suggested that the Deferribacteres play a major role in nitrate-induced souring control at high temperatures.

  15. Morning Glory Disc Anomaly, A Report of a Successfully Treated Case of Functional Amblyopia

    PubMed Central

    Olvera-Barrios, Abraham; Martinez-Lopez-Portillo, Alejandro; Mohamed-Hamsho, Jesus

    2015-01-01

    Morning Glory Disc Anomaly (MGDA) is a congenital malformation of the optic nerve characterized by the presence of a funnel-shaped macropapilla with neuroglial remnants in its center surrounded by an elevated and pigmented chorioretinal ring. Its incidence is rare and no gender predisposition has been found. Associated conditions like strabismus lead to an early diagnosis. We report the case of a 3.8-year-old boy with amblyopia of the right eye (count fingers 0.3 meters) due to MGDA. Correction of the refractive error with glasses, along with occlusive therapy resulted in a visual acuity of 20/100 after a five-year follow up. The presence of amblyopia in these cases demands an early management oriented to improve the visual acuity. Every patient with an anatomical malformation diagnosed during the period of sensory maturation should be treated with occlusive therapy and followed on a regular basis to diagnose associated conditions such as retinal detachment. We recommend occlusive therapy in every patient diagnosed with MGDA or in any patient with unilateral or asymmetric structural abnormalities that could lead to amblyopia. This 5-year case follow-up provides additional evidence of the importance of treatment during the period of amblyopia reversibility. PMID:26557552

  16. Iatrogenic perforation of esophagus successfully treated with Endoscopic Vacuum Therapy (EVT)

    PubMed Central

    Loske, Gunnar; Schorsch, Tobias; Dahm, Christian; Martens, Eckhard; Müller, Christian

    2015-01-01

    Background and study aims: Endoscopic Vacuum Therapy (EVT) has been reported as a novel treatment option for esophageal leakage. We present our results in the treatment of iatrogenic perforation with EVT in a case series of 10 patients. Patients and methods: An open pore polyurethane drainage was placed either intracavitary through the perforation defect or intraluminal covering the defect zone. Application of vacuum suction with an electronic device (continuous negative pressure, –125 mmHg) resulted in defect closure and internal drainage. Results: Esophageal perforations were located from the cricopharyngeus (4/10) to the esophagogastric junction (2/10). EVT was feasible in all patients. Eight patients were treated with intraluminal EVT, one with intracavitary EVT, and one with both types of treatments. All perforations (100 %) were healed in within a median of (3 – 7) days. No stenosis occurred, no complications were observed, and no additional operative treatment was necessary. Conclusions: Our study suggests that intraluminal EVT will play an important role in endoscopic management of esophageal perforation. PMID:26716109

  17. Iatrogenic perforation of esophagus successfully treated with Endoscopic Vacuum Therapy (EVT).

    PubMed

    Loske, Gunnar; Schorsch, Tobias; Dahm, Christian; Martens, Eckhard; Müller, Christian

    2015-12-01

    Endoscopic Vacuum Therapy (EVT) has been reported as a novel treatment option for esophageal leakage. We present our results in the treatment of iatrogenic perforation with EVT in a case series of 10 patients. An open pore polyurethane drainage was placed either intracavitary through the perforation defect or intraluminal covering the defect zone. Application of vacuum suction with an electronic device (continuous negative pressure, -125 mmHg) resulted in defect closure and internal drainage. Esophageal perforations were located from the cricopharyngeus (4/10) to the esophagogastric junction (2/10). EVT was feasible in all patients. Eight patients were treated with intraluminal EVT, one with intracavitary EVT, and one with both types of treatments. All perforations (100 %) were healed in within a median of (3 - 7) days. No stenosis occurred, no complications were observed, and no additional operative treatment was necessary. Our study suggests that intraluminal EVT will play an important role in endoscopic management of esophageal perforation.

  18. Refractory antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis successfully treated with rituximab: a case report.

    PubMed

    Horai, Yoshiro; Miyamura, Tomoya; Takahama, Soichiro; Hirata, Akie; Nakamura, Masataka; Ando, Hitoshi; Minami, Rumi; Yamamoto, Masahiro; Suematsu, Eiichi

    2010-01-01

    A 63-year-old-man was diagnosed in March 2002 with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis because of mononeuritis multiplex, interstitial pneumonia and a positive finding for myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCA. Although treated with prednisolone and oral cyclophosphamide, he suffered repeated remission and deterioration of his conditon, which was complicated by hypertrophic pachymeningitis and sinusitis. In July 2006, he was diagnosed with an exacerbation of ANCA-associated vasculitis because of pyrexia, general malaise, numbness in his face and legs, and elevated serum CRP level. Steroid pulse therapy was thus initiated and the patient's clinical symptoms improved. However, serum CRP levels elevated again (5.18 mg/dl) in September 2006. We began administration of rituximab (500 mg/bodyx4 times) in November 2006 and his symptom and laboratory data significantly improved. The dose of prednisolone was slowly decreased without suffering a relapse. Rituximab has been administered every one year, and good disease control has been achieved. Diagnosis of Wegener's granulomatosis was made from the findings of a nodular lesion in the left lung. Rituximab should be considered for patients with refractory ANCA-associated vasculitis.

  19. Primary pulmonary choriocarcinoma in a male that was successfully diagnosed and treated

    PubMed Central

    Zhu, Ran; Jia, Congwei; Yan, Jie; Luo, Yufeng; Huo, Zhen

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Introduction: Primary pulmonary choriocarcinoma (PPC) is extremely rare, especially in males. It is characterized by a poor response to therapy and shortened survival times. Here, we report a successful diagnosis and modified treatment for PPC in a male and a review of the literature. Case presentation: This case report describes a 67-year-old male who was discovered to have a left pulmonary mass. The patient underwent a pulmonary lobectomy. Pathological examination showed a poorly biphasic differential tumor. Immunostaining displayed that beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-HCG), CD10, and GATA3 were positive, and the increase of postoperative serum β-HCG secretion was also confirmed. Systemic and genital screening was performed, but other abnormal findings were not observed. The diagnosis of PPC was confirmed. Then, the patient received 4 cycles of modified chemotherapy according the condition of his body. The patient has been alive for >13 months without recurrence, and the level of serum β-HCG has already decreased to normal. In addition to reporting this case, we have also summarized the similar previously published cases. Conclusions: Currently, there is no standard treatment for PPC. A rapid and correct diagnosis is necessary. Surgery and modified chemotherapy, based on the physical condition of the patient, may currently be the best therapy for PPC. PMID:28033262

  20. Complete heart block in late presentation of inferior STEMI successfully treated with percutaneous coronary intervention.

    PubMed

    Liang, Michael; Chin, John; Pasupati, Sanjeevan

    2011-09-01

    A 55-year-old female presented with 4-day history of fatigue and exertional shortness of breath. A late presentation inferior ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) was diagnosed based on ST elevation in the inferior leads of electrocardiography and elevated cardiac troponin T (TnT). She developed complete heart block 1 day after admission to the hospital and remained hemodynamically stable. She was taken to the catheterization laboratory for a temporary pacing wire insertion. Coronary angiogram at the same time showed an occluded right coronary artery at the mid-section. The lesion was successfully opened. Within 24 hours, the patient's heart rhythm returned to sinus with first-degree atrioventricular block (AVB), thus avoiding the need for a permanent pacemaker. Current guidelines recommend medical management for late presentation hemodynamically stable STEMI of more than 72 H onset. Current ACC/AHA/HRS Pacemaker Guidelines recommend reperfusion strategy for acute presentation inferior STEMI associated with AVB. However, no clear strategy exists in the case of late presentation inferior STEMI with advanced AVB. Our case report suggests that late coronary intervention could be a management strategy in such a scenario in order to avoid a permanent pacemaker.