Science.gov

Sample records for abuses sanctions regulations

  1. 76 FR 35740 - North Korea Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-20

    ... Office of Foreign Assets Control 31 CFR Part 510 North Korea Sanctions Regulations AGENCY: Office of... Foreign Assets Control (``OFAC'') is amending the North Korea Sanctions Regulations to implement Executive... Control published the North Korea Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 510 (the ``Regulations''),...

  2. 78 FR 16403 - Iranian Financial Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-15

    ... the Iranian Financial Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 561 (the ``IFSR''), on August 16, 2010 (75 FR... sanctionable activities. On February 27, 2012, OFAC amended the IFSR and reissued them in their entirety (77 FR... With Respect to Iran'' (77 FR 45897, August 2, 2012) (``E.O. 13622''). The President issued E.O....

  3. 76 FR 38562 - Libyan Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-01

    .... 1601 et seq.), issued Executive Order 13566 (76 FR 11315, March 2, 2011) (``E.O. 13566''), effective at.... 13566, 76 FR 11315, March 2, 2011. Subpart A--Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations Sec... 13566 of February 25, 2011 (76 FR 11315, March 2, 2011), are also prohibited pursuant to this part....

  4. Emotion Regulation in Sexually Abused Preschoolers.

    PubMed

    Langevin, Rachel; Cossette, Louise; Hébert, Martine

    2016-02-01

    Emotion regulation is closely related to mental health in children and adults. Low emotion regulation competencies have been found in school-aged sexually abused girls. The aim of the present study was to investigate emotion regulation competencies in sexually abused preschool girls and boys using a multi-informant approach. Emotion regulation was assessed in 62 sexually abused and 65 non-abused preschoolers using the Emotion Regulation Checklist and the MacArthur Story Stem Battery. Both parents and educators reported lower emotion regulation competencies in sexually abused preschoolers, especially boys, than in non-abused children. The narrative task completed by the children also revealed lower emotion regulation competencies in sexually abused boys. These findings could have an important impact on intervention programs offered to these at-risk children. PMID:25724803

  5. 76 FR 7695 - Iranian Human Rights Abuses Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-11

    ... (75 FR 60567, October 1, 2010) (``E.O. 13553''), invoking the authority of, inter alia, the.... 8501-8551); E.O. 12957, 60 FR 14615, 3 CFR, 1995 Comp., p. 332; E.O. 13553, 75 FR 60567, October 1... obligations thereunder, powers of attorney, goods, wares, merchandise, chattels, stocks on hand, ships,...

  6. Rearrest and Probation Violation Outcomes among Probationers Participating in a Jail-Based Substance-Abuse Treatment Used as an Intermediate Sanction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linhorst, Donald M.; Dirks-Linhorst, P. Ann; Groom, Ralph

    2012-01-01

    This study compares the characteristics of two groups of probationers ordered to jail-based substance-abuse treatment as an intermediate sanction. It further reviews rearrest and probation failure outcomes of the two groups, along with the demographic, clinical, and criminal factors associated with those outcomes. Probationers jailed for probation…

  7. 77 FR 75845 - Iranian Transactions and Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-26

    ... Federal Register (77 FR 64664) changing the heading of the former Iranian Transactions Regulations to the...; Pub. L. 112-158, 126 Stat. 1214; E.O. 12613, 52 FR 41940, 3 CFR, 1987 Comp., p. 256; E.O. 12957, 60 FR 14615, 3 CFR, 1995 Comp., p. 332; E.O. 12959, 60 FR 24757, 3 CFR, 1995 Comp., p. 356; E.O. 13059, 62...

  8. 21 CFR 181.5 - Prior sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... FOOD INGREDIENTS General Provisions § 181.5 Prior sanctions. (a) A prior sanction shall exist only for... food additive or GRAS regulation promulgated after a general evaluation of use of an ingredient... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Prior sanctions. 181.5 Section 181.5 Food...

  9. Maternal abuse history and self-regulation difficulties in preadolescence.

    PubMed

    Delker, Brianna C; Noll, Laura K; Kim, Hyoun K; Fisher, Philip A

    2014-12-01

    Although poor parenting is known to be closely linked to self-regulation difficulties in early childhood, comparatively little is understood about the role of other risk factors in the early caregiving environment (such as a parent's own experiences of childhood abuse) in developmental pathways of self-regulation into adolescence. Using a longitudinal design, this study aimed to examine how a mother's history of abuse in childhood relates to her offspring's self-regulation difficulties in preadolescence. Maternal controlling parenting and exposure to intimate partner aggression in the child's first 24-36 months were examined as important early social and environmental influences that may explain the proposed connection between maternal abuse history and preadolescent self-regulation. An ethnically diverse sample of mothers (N=488) who were identified as at-risk for child maltreatment was recruited at the time of their children's birth. Mothers and their children were assessed annually from the child's birth through 36 months, and at age 9-11 years. Structural equation modeling and bootstrap tests of indirect effects were conducted to address the study aims. Findings indicated that maternal abuse history indirectly predicted their children's self-regulation difficulties in preadolescence mainly through maternal controlling parenting in early childhood, but not through maternal exposure to aggression by an intimate partner. Maternal history of childhood abuse and maternal controlling parenting in her child's early life may have long-term developmental implications for child self-regulation. PMID:25459984

  10. Maternal abuse history and self-regulation difficulties in preadolescence

    PubMed Central

    Delker, Brianna C.; Noll, Laura K.; Kim, Hyoun K.; Fisher, Philip A.

    2014-01-01

    Although poor parenting is known to be closely linked to self-regulation difficulties in early childhood, comparatively little is understood about the role of other risk factors in the early caregiving environment (such as a parent’s own experiences of childhood abuse) in developmental pathways of self-regulation into adolescence. Using a longitudinal design, this study aimed to examine how a mother’s history of abuse in childhood relates to her offspring’s self-regulation difficulties in preadolescence. Maternal controlling parenting and exposure to intimate partner aggression in the child’s first 24–36 months were examined as important early social and environmental influences that may explain the proposed connection between maternal abuse history and preadolescent self-regulation. An ethnically diverse sample of mothers (N = 488) who were identified as at-risk for child maltreatment was recruited at the time of their children’s birth. Mothers and their children were assessed annually from the child’s birth through 36 months, and at age 9–11 years. Structural equation modeling and bootstrap tests of indirect effects were conducted to address the study aims. Findings indicated that maternal abuse history indirectly predicted their children’s self-regulation difficulties in preadolescence mainly through maternal controlling parenting in early childhood, but not through maternal exposure to aggression by an intimate partner. Maternal history of childhood abuse and maternal controlling parenting in her child’s early life may have long-term developmental implications for child self-regulation. PMID:25459984

  11. 77 FR 38141 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Iranian Financial Sanctions Regulations Report on...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-26

    ... Regulations Report on Closure by U.S. Financial Institutions of Correspondent Accounts and Payable-Through Accounts AGENCY: Office of Foreign Assets Control, Treasury. ACTION: Notice and request for comments... Report on Closure by U.S. Financial ] Institutions of Correspondent Accounts and Payable-Through...

  12. 12 CFR 25.65 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sanctions. 25.65 Section 25.65 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT ACT AND INTERSTATE DEPOSIT PRODUCTION REGULATIONS Regulations Prohibition Against Use of Interstate Branches Primarily for Deposit Production § 25.65 Sanctions. (a)...

  13. Emotion regulation promotes persistence in a residential substance abuse treatment.

    PubMed

    Hopwood, Christopher J; Schade, Nick; Matusiewicz, Alexis; Daughters, Stacey B; Lejuez, Carl W

    2015-01-01

    Emotion regulation at treatment entry was evaluated among 115 patients in an inner-city substance use residential facility who either persisted (N = 94) or discontinued treatment (N = 21). Emotion regulation capacity including emotional clarity and the ability to engage in goal-directed behavior despite emotional distress, as well as lower scores on a measure of trait-negative emotionality, were associated with treatment persistence, whereas motivational variables were not. Findings indicate the importance of regulating negative emotions for treatment engagement among substance abusers. PMID:25404467

  14. Emotion regulation promotes persistence in a residential substance abuse treatment.

    PubMed

    Hopwood, Christopher J; Schade, Nick; Matusiewicz, Alexis; Daughters, Stacey B; Lejuez, Carl W

    2015-01-01

    Emotion regulation at treatment entry was evaluated among 115 patients in an inner-city substance use residential facility who either persisted (N = 94) or discontinued treatment (N = 21). Emotion regulation capacity including emotional clarity and the ability to engage in goal-directed behavior despite emotional distress, as well as lower scores on a measure of trait-negative emotionality, were associated with treatment persistence, whereas motivational variables were not. Findings indicate the importance of regulating negative emotions for treatment engagement among substance abusers.

  15. 24 CFR 570.708 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... COMMUNITY FACILITIES COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANTS Loan Guarantees § 570.708 Sanctions. (a) Non-State... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sanctions. 570.708 Section 570.708 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE...

  16. 49 CFR 661.19 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sanctions. 661.19 Section 661.19 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION BUY AMERICA REQUIREMENTS § 661.19 Sanctions. A willful refusal to comply with a certification by...

  17. 49 CFR 661.19 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Sanctions. 661.19 Section 661.19 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION BUY AMERICA REQUIREMENTS § 661.19 Sanctions. A willful refusal to comply with a certification by...

  18. 31 CFR 598.201 - Applicability of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Prohibitions § 598.201 Applicability of sanctions. A specially designated narcotics trafficker is subject to any and all sanctions authorized by the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act and implemented...

  19. 31 CFR 598.201 - Applicability of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Prohibitions § 598.201 Applicability of sanctions. A specially designated narcotics trafficker is subject to any and all sanctions authorized by the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act and implemented...

  20. 31 CFR 598.201 - Applicability of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Prohibitions § 598.201 Applicability of sanctions. A specially designated narcotics trafficker is subject to any and all sanctions authorized by the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act and implemented...

  1. 31 CFR 598.201 - Applicability of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Prohibitions § 598.201 Applicability of sanctions. A specially designated narcotics trafficker is subject to any and all sanctions authorized by the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act and implemented...

  2. 31 CFR 598.201 - Applicability of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Prohibitions § 598.201 Applicability of sanctions. A specially designated narcotics trafficker is subject to any and all sanctions authorized by the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act and implemented...

  3. 15 CFR 904.310 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.310 Section 904.310 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanctions for Noncompliance § 904.310 Nature of...

  4. 15 CFR 904.320 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.320 Section 904.320 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanction for Violations § 904.320 Nature of permit...

  5. 15 CFR 904.310 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.310 Section 904.310 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanctions for Noncompliance § 904.310 Nature of...

  6. 15 CFR 904.320 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.320 Section 904.320 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanction for Violations § 904.320 Nature of permit...

  7. 15 CFR 904.320 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.320 Section 904.320 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanction for Violations § 904.320 Nature of permit...

  8. 15 CFR 904.310 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.310 Section 904.310 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanctions for Noncompliance § 904.310 Nature of...

  9. 15 CFR 904.310 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.310 Section 904.310 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanctions for Noncompliance § 904.310 Nature of...

  10. 15 CFR 904.320 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.320 Section 904.320 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanction for Violations § 904.320 Nature of permit...

  11. 48 CFR 25.703-2 - Iran Sanctions Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Iran Sanctions Act. 25.703... SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Prohibited Sources 25.703-2 Iran Sanctions Act. (a) Certification—(1) Certification relating to activities described in section 5 of the Iran Sanctions Act. As required by section...

  12. 15 CFR 904.320 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.320 Section 904.320 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanction for Violations § 904.320 Nature of permit...

  13. 15 CFR 904.310 - Nature of permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nature of permit sanctions. 904.310 Section 904.310 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials Permit Sanctions for Noncompliance § 904.310 Nature of...

  14. Abuse

    MedlinePlus

    ... also may fall prey to strangers who take advantage of their cognitive impairment. Types of abuse Signs ... property) to his or her disadvantage or the advantage of someone else Sexual abuse: touching, fondling or ...

  15. Abuse Prevention Policy on Alcohol and Other Drugs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mississippi Univ., University.

    This document presents the University of Mississippi's campus drug and alcohol prevention policy. A four page folder details policy and regulations including: Mississippi law regarding alcohol and other drugs (e.g., penalties for trafficking and possession), university disciplinary sanctions, health risks of drug abuse, and counseling and…

  16. 34 CFR 86.1 - What is the purpose of the Drug and Alcohol Abuse Prevention regulations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false What is the purpose of the Drug and Alcohol Abuse... ALCOHOL ABUSE PREVENTION General § 86.1 What is the purpose of the Drug and Alcohol Abuse Prevention regulations? The purpose of the Drug and Alcohol Abuse Prevention regulations is to implement section 22...

  17. 34 CFR 86.1 - What is the purpose of the Drug and Alcohol Abuse Prevention regulations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is the purpose of the Drug and Alcohol Abuse... ALCOHOL ABUSE PREVENTION General § 86.1 What is the purpose of the Drug and Alcohol Abuse Prevention regulations? The purpose of the Drug and Alcohol Abuse Prevention regulations is to implement section 22...

  18. Medicare and state health care programs: fraud and abuse, civil money penalties and intermediate sanctions for certain violations by health maintenance organizations and competitive medical plans--HHS. Final rule.

    PubMed

    1994-07-15

    This final rule implements sections 9312(c)(2), 9312(f), and 9434(b) of Public Law 99-509, section 7 of Public Law 100-93, section 4014 of Public Law 100-203, sections 224 and 411(k)(12) of Public Law 100-360, and section 6411(d)(3) of Public Law 101-239. These provisions broaden the Secretary's authority to impose intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties on health maintenance organizations (HMOs), competitive medical plans, and other prepaid health plans contracting under Medicare or Medicaid that (1) substantially fail to provide an enrolled individual with required medically necessary items and services; (2) engage in certain marketing, enrollment, reporting, or claims payment abuses; or (3) in the case of Medicare risk-contracting plans, employ or contract with, either directly or indirectly, an individual or entity excluded from participation in Medicare. The provisions also condition Federal financial participation in certain State payments on the State's exclusion of certain prohibited entities from participation in HMO contracts and waiver programs. This final rule is intended to significantly enhance the protections for Medicare beneficiaries and Medicaid recipients enrolled in a HMO, competitive medical plan, or other contracting organization under titles XVIII and XIX of the Social Security Act. PMID:10136015

  19. Sanctions: Do they work

    SciTech Connect

    Lopez, G.A.

    1993-11-01

    Economic sanctions have been used by nations to coerce other nations for many years. Sanctions can be used to deter aggresion, defend human rights, and discourage nuclear proliferation. This article brings up several questions concerning the utility of sanctions, regardless of whether they are employed by the United Nations, a group of nations, or a single nation. Questions to be answered include: When are sanctions appropriate For what situations should they be used What factors count for their success or failure How can the burden of sustaining sanctions be equalized for rich and poor nations Can the impact of santions on the poor and innocent in target states be minimized while maintaining the pressure placed on targeted leaders The article introduces a series of other articles included in this month's issue of The Bulletin which address these and other issues.

  20. 48 CFR 6302.37 - Sanctions (Rule 37).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sanctions (Rule 37). 6302.37 Section 6302.37 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION BOARD OF CONTRACT APPEALS RULES OF PROCEDURE 6302.37 Sanctions (Rule 37). If any party fails or refuses to obey...

  1. Pathological Gambling and Associated Drug and Alcohol Abuse, Emotion Regulation, and Anxious-Depressive Symptomatology.

    PubMed

    Jauregui, Paula; Estévez, Ana; Urbiola, Irache

    2016-06-01

    Background and aims Pathological gambling is associated with comorbid disorders, such as anxiety, depression, and drug and alcohol abuse. Difficulties of emotion regulation may be one of the factors related to the presence of addictive disorders, along with comorbid symptomatology in pathological gamblers. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the difficulties of emotion regulation, drug and alcohol abuse, and anxious and depressive symptomatology in pathological gamblers, and the mediating role of difficulties of emotion regulation between anxiety and pathological gambling. Methods The study sample included 167 male pathological gamblers (mean age = 39.29 years) and 107 non-gamblers (mean age = 33.43 years). Pathological gambling (SOGS), difficulties of emotion regulation (DERS), drug and alcohol abuse (MUTICAGE CAD-4), and anxious and depressive symptomatology (SA-45) were measured. Student's t, Pearson's r, stepwise multiple linear regression and multiple mediation analyses were conducted. The study was approved by an Investigational Review Board. Results Relative to non-gamblers, pathological gamblers exhibited greater difficulties of emotion regulation, as well as more anxiety, depression, and drug abuse. Moreover, pathological gambling correlated with emotion regulation difficulties, anxiety, depression, and drug abuse. Besides, emotion regulation difficulties correlated with and predicted pathological gambling, drug and alcohol abuse, and anxious and depressive symptomatology. Finally, emotion regulation difficulties mediated the relationship between anxiety and pathological gambling controlling the effect of age, both when controlling and not controlling for the effect of other abuses. Discussion and conclusions These results suggest that difficulties of emotion regulation may provide new keys to understanding and treating pathological gambling and comorbid disorders. PMID:27348555

  2. 48 CFR 25.703-2 - Iran Sanctions Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... of Iran and development by Iran of weapons of mass destruction or other military capabilities. (2... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Iran Sanctions Act. 25.703... SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Prohibited Sources 25.703-2 Iran Sanctions Act. (a)...

  3. 18 CFR 430.31 - Sanctions: Civil and criminal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Sanctions: Civil and criminal. 430.31 Section 430.31 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION SPECIAL REGULATIONS GROUND WATER PROTECTION AREA: PENNSYLVANIA § 430.31 Sanctions: Civil and criminal....

  4. 18 CFR 430.31 - Sanctions: Civil and criminal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Sanctions: Civil and criminal. 430.31 Section 430.31 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION SPECIAL REGULATIONS GROUND WATER PROTECTION AREA: PENNSYLVANIA § 430.31 Sanctions: Civil and criminal....

  5. 18 CFR 430.31 - Sanctions: Civil and criminal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sanctions: Civil and criminal. 430.31 Section 430.31 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION SPECIAL REGULATIONS GROUND WATER PROTECTION AREA: PENNSYLVANIA § 430.31 Sanctions: Civil and criminal....

  6. Cyberbullying: Sanctions or Sensitivity?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cowie, Helen; Colliety, Pat

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the phenomenon of cyberbullying. The argument here is that, although there is a case for sanctions, schools also have a critical role to play in preventing and reducing cyberbullying through a process of awareness-raising, the education of the emotions and active participation of children and young people themselves.

  7. 18 CFR 420.22 - Prohibition; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Prohibition; sanctions. 420.22 Section 420.22 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL BASIN REGULATIONS-WATER SUPPLY CHARGES Water Supply Policy § 420.22 Prohibition;...

  8. 18 CFR 420.22 - Prohibition; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    .... 420.22 Section 420.22 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL BASIN REGULATIONS-WATER SUPPLY CHARGES Water Supply Policy § 420.22 Prohibition; sanctions... shall use, withdraw or divert surface waters of the basin, shall pay such charges therefor as may...

  9. 18 CFR 420.22 - Prohibition; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Prohibition; sanctions. 420.22 Section 420.22 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL BASIN REGULATIONS-WATER SUPPLY CHARGES Water Supply Policy § 420.22 Prohibition;...

  10. 18 CFR 420.22 - Prohibition; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Prohibition; sanctions. 420.22 Section 420.22 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL BASIN REGULATIONS-WATER SUPPLY CHARGES Water Supply Policy § 420.22 Prohibition;...

  11. 18 CFR 420.22 - Prohibition; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Prohibition; sanctions. 420.22 Section 420.22 Conservation of Power and Water Resources DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL BASIN REGULATIONS-WATER SUPPLY CHARGES Water Supply Policy § 420.22 Prohibition;...

  12. 24 CFR 200.430 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sanctions. 200.430 Section 200.430 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO FHA...

  13. 24 CFR 576.67 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sanctions. 576.67 Section 576.67 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN...

  14. 24 CFR 200.430 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Sanctions. 200.430 Section 200.430 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN...

  15. 12 CFR 308.108 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Rules of Practice Before the FDIC and Standards of Conduct § 308.108 Sanctions. (a) General rule... a clear and unexcused violation of an applicable statute, regulation, or order; or (4) Has...

  16. 50 CFR 216.40 - Penalties and permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... sanctions and forfeiture as authorized under the Acts, and 15 CFR part 904. (b) All special exception... of subpart D of 15 CFR part 904. ... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MARINE MAMMALS REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE TAKING AND IMPORTING OF...

  17. 50 CFR 216.40 - Penalties and permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... sanctions and forfeiture as authorized under the Acts, and 15 CFR part 904. (b) All special exception... of subpart D of 15 CFR part 904. ... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MARINE MAMMALS REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE TAKING AND IMPORTING OF...

  18. Therapeutic Alliance, Negative Mood Regulation, and Treatment Outcome in Child Abuse-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cloitre, Marylene; Chase Stovall McClough,K.; Miranda, Regina; Chemtob, Claude M.

    2004-01-01

    This study examined the related contributions of the therapeutic alliance and negative mood regulation to the outcome of a 2-phase treatment for childhood abuse-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Phase 1 focused on stabilization and preparatory skills building, whereas Phase 2 was comprised primarily of imaginal exposure to traumatic…

  19. Parent Emotional Expressiveness and Children's Self-Regulation: Associations with Abused Children's School Functioning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haskett, Mary E.; Stelter, Rebecca; Proffit, Katie; Nice, Rachel

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Identifying factors associated with school functioning of abused children is important in prevention of long-term negative outcomes associated with school failure. The purpose of this study was to examine the degree to which parent emotional expressiveness and children's self-regulation predicted early school behavior of abused…

  20. How Do Welfare Sanctions Work?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Chi-Fang; Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R.; Wallace, Geoffrey L.

    2006-01-01

    Under Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, families are subject to greater work requirements, and the severity of sanction for noncompliance has increased. Using Wisconsin longitudinal administrative data, the authors performed event history analysis to examine the dynamic patterns of sanctioning and the patterns of benefits following a…

  1. 42 CFR 488.820 - Available sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION SURVEY, CERTIFICATION, AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES Alternative Sanctions for Home... provider agreement, the following alternative sanctions are available: (a) Civil money penalties....

  2. 42 CFR 488.820 - Available sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION SURVEY, CERTIFICATION, AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES Alternative Sanctions for Home... provider agreement, the following alternative sanctions are available: (a) Civil money penalties....

  3. 31 CFR 561.203 - NDAA-based sanctions on certain foreign financial institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... foreign financial institutions. 561.203 Section 561.203 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating... FINANCIAL SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Prohibitions § 561.203 NDAA-based sanctions on certain foreign financial... to the foreign financial institution. Note 1 to paragraph (a) of § 561.203: The names of...

  4. 31 CFR 561.203 - NDAA-based sanctions on certain foreign financial institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... foreign financial institutions. 561.203 Section 561.203 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating... FINANCIAL SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Prohibitions § 561.203 NDAA-based sanctions on certain foreign financial... to the foreign financial institution. Note 1 to paragraph (a) of § 561.203: The names of...

  5. 29 CFR 502.16 - Sanctions and remedies-General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... covered provisions of the work contract as set forth in 29 CFR 501.10(a); the assessment of a civil money... Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS ENFORCEMENT... IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT (SUSPENDED 6-29-2009) Enforcement of Work Contracts § 502.16 Sanctions...

  6. Beyond PTSD: Emotion Regulation and Interpersonal Problems as Predictors of Functional Impairment in Survivors of Childhood Abuse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cloitre, Marylene; Miranda, Regina; Stovall-McClough, K. Chase; Han, Hyemee

    2005-01-01

    This study sought to determine the relative contribution of problems in emotion regulation and interpersonal functioning compared to PTSD symptoms in predicting functional impairment among women with childhood abuse histories. One hundred sixty-four treatment-seeking women completed measures of emotion regulation, interpersonal problems, PTSD…

  7. 49 CFR 511.37 - Sanctions for failure to comply with order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Sanctions for failure to comply with order. 511.37 Section 511.37 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ADJUDICATIVE PROCEDURES Discovery; Compulsory Process § 511.37 Sanctions for...

  8. 10 CFR 501.181 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ..., Sanctions and Judicial Actions § 501.181 Sanctions. (a) General. (1) A violation of any provision of the Act... sanctions provided in subtitle C of title VII of FUA. (2) Each day that any provision of the Act (other than... who willfully violates any provision of the Act (other than section 402), or any rule or...

  9. 10 CFR 501.181 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ..., Sanctions and Judicial Actions § 501.181 Sanctions. (a) General. (1) A violation of any provision of the Act... sanctions provided in subtitle C of title VII of FUA. (2) Each day that any provision of the Act (other than... who willfully violates any provision of the Act (other than section 402), or any rule or...

  10. 19 CFR 210.25 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Sanctions. 210.25 Section 210.25 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION INVESTIGATIONS OF UNFAIR PRACTICES IN IMPORT TRADE ADJUDICATION AND ENFORCEMENT Motions § 210.25 Sanctions. (a)(1) Any party may file a motion for sanctions...

  11. 6 CFR 13.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Sanctions. 13.29 Section 13.29 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.29 Sanctions. (a) The ALJ may sanction a Person, including any party or Representative, for: (1) Failing to comply...

  12. 6 CFR 13.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Sanctions. 13.29 Section 13.29 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.29 Sanctions. (a) The ALJ may sanction a Person, including any party or Representative, for: (1) Failing to comply...

  13. 42 CFR 1005.14 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Sanctions. 1005.14 Section 1005.14 Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES APPEALS OF EXCLUSIONS, CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES AND ASSESSMENTS § 1005.14 Sanctions. (a) The ALJ may sanction...

  14. 42 CFR 1005.14 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Sanctions. 1005.14 Section 1005.14 Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES APPEALS OF EXCLUSIONS, CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES AND ASSESSMENTS § 1005.14 Sanctions. (a) The ALJ may sanction...

  15. 42 CFR 1005.14 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Sanctions. 1005.14 Section 1005.14 Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES APPEALS OF EXCLUSIONS, CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES AND ASSESSMENTS § 1005.14 Sanctions. (a) The ALJ may sanction...

  16. 42 CFR 488.606 - Alternative sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Medicare Coverage and Alternative Sanctions for End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Facilities § 488.606... ESRD network that is designated to encompass the supplier's geographic area; and (2) This failure does... date of the sanction as specified in the sanction notice. (2) Reduction of payments, for all...

  17. 42 CFR 488.606 - Alternative sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Medicare Coverage and Alternative Sanctions for End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Facilities § 488.606... ESRD network that is designated to encompass the supplier's geographic area; and (2) This failure does... date of the sanction as specified in the sanction notice. (2) Reduction of payments, for all...

  18. 42 CFR 488.606 - Alternative sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Medicare Coverage and Alternative Sanctions for End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Facilities § 488.606... ESRD network that is designated to encompass the supplier's geographic area; and (2) This failure does... date of the sanction as specified in the sanction notice. (2) Reduction of payments, for all...

  19. 42 CFR 488.606 - Alternative sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Medicare Coverage and Alternative Sanctions for End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Facilities § 488.606... ESRD network that is designated to encompass the supplier's geographic area; and (2) This failure does... date of the sanction as specified in the sanction notice. (2) Reduction of payments, for all...

  20. 12 CFR 308.528 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Sanctions. 308.528 Section 308.528 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.528 Sanctions. (a) The ALJ may sanction a...

  1. 12 CFR 308.528 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Sanctions. 308.528 Section 308.528 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.528 Sanctions. (a) The ALJ may sanction a...

  2. 12 CFR 308.528 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Sanctions. 308.528 Section 308.528 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.528 Sanctions. (a) The ALJ may sanction a...

  3. 12 CFR 308.528 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sanctions. 308.528 Section 308.528 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.528 Sanctions. (a) The ALJ may sanction a...

  4. 12 CFR 308.528 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Sanctions. 308.528 Section 308.528 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.528 Sanctions. (a) The ALJ may sanction a...

  5. 21 CFR 181.5 - Prior sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED) PRIOR-SANCTIONED FOOD INGREDIENTS General Provisions § 181.5 Prior sanctions. (a) A... use of the ingredient, in order to prevent the adulteration of food in violation of section 402 of the... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Prior sanctions. 181.5 Section 181.5 Food...

  6. 21 CFR 181.5 - Prior sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED) PRIOR-SANCTIONED FOOD INGREDIENTS General Provisions § 181.5 Prior sanctions. (a) A... use of the ingredient, in order to prevent the adulteration of food in violation of section 402 of the... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2010-04-01 2009-04-01 true Prior sanctions. 181.5 Section 181.5 Food and...

  7. 21 CFR 181.5 - Prior sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED) PRIOR-SANCTIONED FOOD INGREDIENTS General Provisions § 181.5 Prior sanctions. (a) A... use of the ingredient, in order to prevent the adulteration of food in violation of section 402 of the... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Prior sanctions. 181.5 Section 181.5 Food...

  8. 21 CFR 181.5 - Prior sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED) PRIOR-SANCTIONED FOOD INGREDIENTS General Provisions § 181.5 Prior sanctions. (a) A... use of the ingredient, in order to prevent the adulteration of food in violation of section 402 of the... 21 Food and Drugs 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Prior sanctions. 181.5 Section 181.5 Food...

  9. The dissection of transcriptional modules regulated by various drugs of abuse in the mouse striatum

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Various drugs of abuse activate intracellular pathways in the brain reward system. These pathways regulate the expression of genes that are essential to the development of addiction. To reveal genes common and distinct for different classes of drugs of abuse, we compared the effects of nicotine, ethanol, cocaine, morphine, heroin and methamphetamine on gene expression profiles in the mouse striatum. Results We applied whole-genome microarray profiling to evaluate detailed time-courses (1, 2, 4 and 8 hours) of transcriptome alterations following acute drug administration in mice. We identified 42 drug-responsive genes that were segregated into two main transcriptional modules. The first module consisted of activity-dependent transcripts (including Fos and Npas4), which are induced by psychostimulants and opioids. The second group of genes (including Fkbp5 and S3-12), which are controlled, in part, by the release of steroid hormones, was strongly activated by ethanol and opioids. Using pharmacological tools, we were able to inhibit the induction of particular modules of drug-related genomic profiles. We selected a subset of genes for validation by in situ hybridization and quantitative PCR. We also showed that knockdown of the drug-responsive genes Sgk1 and Tsc22d3 resulted in alterations to dendritic spines in mice, possibly reflecting an altered potential for plastic changes. Conclusions Our study identified modules of drug-induced genes that share functional relationships. These genes may play a critical role in the early stages of addiction. PMID:20459597

  10. 16 CFR 1117.9 - Prohibited acts and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Prohibited acts and sanctions. 1117.9 Section 1117.9 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS REPORTING OF CHOKING INCIDENTS INVOLVING MARBLES, SMALL BALLS, LATEX BALLOONS AND OTHER...

  11. 16 CFR 1117.9 - Prohibited acts and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Prohibited acts and sanctions. 1117.9 Section 1117.9 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS REPORTING OF CHOKING INCIDENTS INVOLVING MARBLES, SMALL BALLS, LATEX BALLOONS AND OTHER...

  12. 16 CFR 1117.9 - Prohibited acts and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Prohibited acts and sanctions. 1117.9 Section 1117.9 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS REPORTING OF CHOKING INCIDENTS INVOLVING MARBLES, SMALL BALLS, LATEX BALLOONS AND OTHER...

  13. 16 CFR 1117.9 - Prohibited acts and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Prohibited acts and sanctions. 1117.9 Section 1117.9 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS REPORTING OF CHOKING INCIDENTS INVOLVING MARBLES, SMALL BALLS, LATEX BALLOONS AND OTHER...

  14. 16 CFR 1117.9 - Prohibited acts and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Prohibited acts and sanctions. 1117.9 Section 1117.9 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS REPORTING OF CHOKING INCIDENTS INVOLVING MARBLES, SMALL BALLS, LATEX BALLOONS AND OTHER...

  15. 12 CFR 336.8 - Sanctions and remedial actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sanctions and remedial actions. 336.8 Section 336.8 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY FDIC EMPLOYEES Minimum Standards of Fitness for Employment With the Federal Deposit...

  16. 12 CFR 336.8 - Sanctions and remedial actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Sanctions and remedial actions. 336.8 Section 336.8 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY FDIC EMPLOYEES Minimum Standards of Fitness for Employment With the Federal Deposit...

  17. 45 CFR 681.31 - Are there sanctions for misconduct?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Are there sanctions for misconduct? 681.31 Section 681.31 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... with an order, or for engaging in other misconduct that interferes with the speedy, orderly, and...

  18. 45 CFR 681.31 - Are there sanctions for misconduct?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Are there sanctions for misconduct? 681.31 Section 681.31 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... with an order, or for engaging in other misconduct that interferes with the speedy, orderly, and...

  19. 45 CFR 681.31 - Are there sanctions for misconduct?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Are there sanctions for misconduct? 681.31 Section 681.31 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... with an order, or for engaging in other misconduct that interferes with the speedy, orderly, and...

  20. 45 CFR 681.31 - Are there sanctions for misconduct?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Are there sanctions for misconduct? 681.31 Section 681.31 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... with an order, or for engaging in other misconduct that interferes with the speedy, orderly, and...

  1. 45 CFR 681.31 - Are there sanctions for misconduct?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Are there sanctions for misconduct? 681.31 Section 681.31 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... with an order, or for engaging in other misconduct that interferes with the speedy, orderly, and...

  2. Avoiding charges of fraud and abuse: developing and implementing an effective compliance program.

    PubMed

    Bolin, Jane Nelson; Clark, Linda Sanders

    2004-12-01

    During the last decade the federal government has made investigation of healthcare fraud and abuse a priority. Increasingly, nurses and skilled nursing organizations have been at the center of fraud and abuse cases. The authors examine data of sanctioned nurses obtained from the Office of the Inspector General. Nurses are most frequently sanctioned for license violations, drug convictions, and patient neglect.

  3. Educator Sexual Abuse: Two Case Reports

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burgess, Ann Wolbert; Welner, Michael; Willis, Danny G.

    2010-01-01

    Sexual abuse by educators has become an increasingly noted type of sexual abuse, especially among adolescents, for two reasons. First, there is a potential for these cases to be silent and prolonged and second, when disclosed, the forensic implications usually include both criminal and/or civil sanctions. For forensic case evaluations,…

  4. State Regulations and the ACA Code of Ethics and Standards of Practice: Oil and Water for the Substance Abuse Counselor.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West, Paul L.; Mustaine, Beverly L.; Wyrick, Barry

    1999-01-01

    Reviews state regulations responsible for determining the minimum qualifications for counselors, clinical supervisors, or client assessors in the substance abuse treatment field. Few of the 34 states surveyed required treatment outcome studies or referenced licensed professional counselors. Discusses implications new counselors may face when their…

  5. 34 CFR 86.1 - What is the purpose of the Drug and Alcohol Abuse Prevention regulations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... financial assistance under any Federal program, an institution of higher education (IHE) must certify that... 34 Education 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false What is the purpose of the Drug and Alcohol Abuse Prevention regulations? 86.1 Section 86.1 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education DRUG...

  6. 34 CFR 86.1 - What is the purpose of the Drug and Alcohol Abuse Prevention regulations?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... financial assistance under any Federal program, an institution of higher education (IHE) must certify that... 34 Education 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What is the purpose of the Drug and Alcohol Abuse Prevention regulations? 86.1 Section 86.1 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education DRUG...

  7. [Maternal affect regulation of mothers with a history of abuse in mother-infant-interaction].

    PubMed

    Kress, Sandra; Cierpka, Manfred; Möhler, Eva; Resch, Franz

    2012-01-01

    Maternal intuitive skills can be threatened as a result of severe deprivation or unresolved trauma in the own childhood and can even be inaccessible to the mother. A mother's own childhood experience of abuse maybe a risk factor for repeated child abuse. As a follow-up study to assess the emotional availability of abused mothers it was investigated how a physical or sexual abuse appears in the mother-child interaction and communication in the context of "cycle of abuse" and whether it could give effect to it. Interactions of mothers with abuse experience were compared with those of mothers without an abuse experience and evaluated five months postpartum with the Munich clinical communication scale (MKK). The results suggest that maltreatment experienced mothers show less emotion tuning to their child in a standardized interaction sequence.

  8. Self-gain or self-regulation impairment? Tests of competing explanations of the supervisor abuse and employee deviance relationship through perceptions of distributive justice.

    PubMed

    Thau, Stefan; Mitchell, Marie S

    2010-11-01

    Two competing explanations for deviant employee responses to supervisor abuse are tested. A self-gain view is compared with a self-regulation impairment view. The self-gain view suggests that distributive justice (DJ) will weaken the abusive supervision-employee deviance relationship, as perceptions of fair rewards offset costs of abuse. Conversely, the self-regulation impairment view suggests that DJ will strengthen the relationship, as experiencing abuse drains self-resources needed to maintain appropriate behavior, and this effect intensifies when employees receive inconsistent information about their organizational membership (fair outcomes). Three field studies using different samples, measures, and designs support the self-regulation impairment view. Two studies found that the Abusive Supervision × DJ interaction was mediated by self-regulation impairment variables (ego depletion and intrusive thoughts). Implications for theory and research are discussed.

  9. 2nd Circuit vacates sanction against plantiff's attorney.

    PubMed

    1999-07-23

    The 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals vacated sanctions against attorney Lee Nuwesra whose client claimed HIV discrimination. The court ruled that U.S. District Judge Constance Baker Motley abused her judicial discretion in ruling that Nuwesra must pay $25,000 of legal costs spent by the client's employer in defending itself against litigation that the judge found frivolous. The appeals panel faulted the judge for not specifying which conduct on the part of the attorney was actionable. Plaintiff [name removed] claimed that his firing from [name removed] & [name removed], Inc., was motivated by his HIV illness and that his rights under the Americans with Disabilities Act were violated. [Name removed] failed to establish that his employer knew his HIV status. Motley sanctioned Nuwesra for not performing adequate pre-trial investigation in the case. According to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure judges can only sanction attorneys at the request of the opposing side, which was not made by the defendants in this case.

  10. A Molecular Profile of Cocaine Abuse Includes the Differential Expression of Genes that Regulate Transcription, Chromatin, and Dopamine Cell Phenotype

    PubMed Central

    Bannon, Michael J; Johnson, Magen M; Michelhaugh, Sharon K; Hartley, Zachary J; Halter, Steven D; David, James A; Kapatos, Gregory; Schmidt, Carl J

    2014-01-01

    Chronic drug abuse, craving, and relapse are thought to be linked to long-lasting changes in neural gene expression arising through transcriptional and chromatin-related mechanisms. The key contributions of midbrain dopamine (DA)-synthesizing neurons throughout the addiction process provide a compelling rationale for determining the drug-induced molecular changes that occur in these cells. Yet our understanding of these processes remains rudimentary. The postmortem human brain constitutes a unique resource that can be exploited to gain insights into the pathophysiology of complex disorders such as drug addiction. In this study, we analyzed the profiles of midbrain gene expression in chronic cocaine abusers and well-matched drug-free control subjects using microarray and quantitative PCR. A small number of genes exhibited robust differential expression; many of these are involved in the regulation of transcription, chromatin, or DA cell phenotype. Transcript abundances for approximately half of these differentially expressed genes were diagnostic for assigning subjects to the cocaine-abusing vs control cohort. Identification of a molecular signature associated with pathophysiological changes occurring in cocaine abusers' midbrains should contribute to the development of biomarkers and novel therapeutic targets for drug addiction. PMID:24642598

  11. Difficulties in Emotion Regulation as a Mediator of the Relationship Between Child Sexual Abuse Victimization and Sexual Aggression Perpetration in Male College Students.

    PubMed

    Parkhill, Michele R; Pickett, Scott M

    2016-01-01

    Although numerous studies document a link between child sexual abuse and later sexual assault perpetration in men, little research has examined why this relationship exists. One potential mechanism may be emotional regulation difficulties. The current study utilizes a college sample of 132 men to examine the mediating role of emotion regulation difficulties on the relationship between experiencing child sexual abuse and later sexual aggression. Although emotion regulation difficulties in general was not significantly related to sexual aggression, one facet, impulse control difficulties, emerged as a significant mediator of the relationship between child sexual abuse and sexual aggression. Intervention programs should focus on the care that children receive following sexual abuse, with particular emphasis on how emotion regulation abilities may be impacted. PMID:27561122

  12. 48 CFR 25.703-3 - Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010, section 106.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010, section 106. 25.703-3 Section 25.703-3 Federal... Prohibited Sources 25.703-3 Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010,...

  13. Emergence of responsible sanctions without second order free riders, antisocial punishment or spite.

    PubMed

    Hilbe, Christian; Traulsen, Arne

    2012-01-01

    While empirical evidence highlights the importance of punishment for cooperation in collective action, it remains disputed how responsible sanctions targeted predominantly at uncooperative subjects can evolve. Punishment is costly; in order to spread it typically requires local interactions, voluntary participation, or rewards. Moreover, theory and experiments indicate that some subjects abuse sanctioning opportunities by engaging in antisocial punishment (which harms cooperators), spiteful acts (harming everyone) or revenge (as a response to being punished). These arguments have led to the conclusion that punishment is maladaptive. Here, we use evolutionary game theory to show that this conclusion is premature: If interactions are non-anonymous, cooperation and punishment evolve even if initially rare, and sanctions are directed towards non-cooperators only. Thus, our willingness to punish free riders is ultimately a selfish decision rather than an altruistic act; punishment serves as a warning, showing that one is not willing to accept unfair treatments.

  14. Physical Abuse

    MedlinePlus

    Navigation Physical Abuse Sexual Abuse Domestic Violence Psychological Abuse Financial Abuse Neglect Critical Issues What Communities Can Do The Role of Professionals and Concerned Citizens Help for Victims ...

  15. Sexual Abuse

    MedlinePlus

    Navigation Physical Abuse Sexual Abuse Domestic Violence Psychological Abuse Financial Abuse Neglect Critical Issues What Communities Can Do The Role of Professionals and Concerned Citizens Help for Victims ...

  16. 28 CFR 59.6 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sanctions. 59.6 Section 59.6 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) GUIDELINES ON METHODS OF OBTAINING DOCUMENTARY MATERIALS HELD BY THIRD PARTIES § 59.6 Sanctions. (a) Any federal officer or employee violating the guidelines set...

  17. 22 CFR 62.79 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sanctions. 62.79 Section 62.79 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) § 62.79 Sanctions. (a) The Department of State shall impose...

  18. 22 CFR 62.79 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Sanctions. 62.79 Section 62.79 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) § 62.79 Sanctions. (a) The Department of State shall impose...

  19. 22 CFR 62.79 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Sanctions. 62.79 Section 62.79 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) § 62.79 Sanctions. (a) The Department of State shall impose...

  20. 22 CFR 62.50 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Sanctions. 62.50 Section 62.50 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM Sanctions § 62.50...) of this section. The Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs shall...

  1. 22 CFR 62.50 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sanctions. 62.50 Section 62.50 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM Sanctions § 62.50...) of this section. The Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs shall...

  2. 22 CFR 62.50 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sanctions. 62.50 Section 62.50 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM Sanctions § 62.50...) of this section. The Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs shall...

  3. 22 CFR 62.79 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sanctions. 62.79 Section 62.79 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) § 62.79 Sanctions. (a) The Department of State shall impose...

  4. 33 CFR 140.35 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sanctions. 140.35 Section 140.35 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF ACTIVITIES GENERAL General § 140.35 Sanctions. (a) Any person who fails to comply with: (1)...

  5. 43 CFR 34.11 - Enforcement sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Enforcement sanctions. 34.11 Section 34.11 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior REQUIREMENTS FOR EQUAL OPPORTUNITY DURING CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ALASKA NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM § 34.11 Enforcement sanctions....

  6. 10 CFR 218.42 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sanctions. 218.42 Section 218.42 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL STANDBY MANDATORY INTERNATIONAL OIL ALLOCATION Investigations, Violations, Sanctions and... respect to the sale, offer of sale, or distribution in commerce of oil in commerce after having...

  7. 10 CFR 1045.5 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Sanctions. 1045.5 Section 1045.5 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NUCLEAR CLASSIFICATION AND DECLASSIFICATION Program Management of the Restricted Data and Formerly Restricted Data Classification System § 1045.5 Sanctions. (a) Knowing,...

  8. 10 CFR 1045.5 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Sanctions. 1045.5 Section 1045.5 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NUCLEAR CLASSIFICATION AND DECLASSIFICATION Program Management of the Restricted Data and Formerly Restricted Data Classification System § 1045.5 Sanctions. (a) Knowing,...

  9. 10 CFR 1045.5 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Sanctions. 1045.5 Section 1045.5 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NUCLEAR CLASSIFICATION AND DECLASSIFICATION Program Management of the Restricted Data and Formerly Restricted Data Classification System § 1045.5 Sanctions. (a) Knowing,...

  10. 10 CFR 1045.5 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sanctions. 1045.5 Section 1045.5 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NUCLEAR CLASSIFICATION AND DECLASSIFICATION Program Management of the Restricted Data and Formerly Restricted Data Classification System § 1045.5 Sanctions. (a) Knowing,...

  11. 10 CFR 1045.5 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Sanctions. 1045.5 Section 1045.5 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NUCLEAR CLASSIFICATION AND DECLASSIFICATION Program Management of the Restricted Data and Formerly Restricted Data Classification System § 1045.5 Sanctions. (a) Knowing,...

  12. Employer Sanctions in Europe. CIS Paper 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Mark J.; Lovell, Malcolm R., Jr.

    This booklet contains two papers on Western European countries' attempt to deal with illegal immigration through employer sanctions. In "Deterrence without Discrimination," Mark J. Miller discusses the sanctions employed by France and the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG). Evidence from the early years of enforcement reveals that due to poor…

  13. 29 CFR 99.225 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Sanctions. 99.225 Section 99.225 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor AUDITS OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Audits § 99.225 Sanctions. No audit costs may be charged to Federal awards when audits required by this part have not...

  14. 38 CFR 41.225 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sanctions. 41.225 Section 41.225 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) AUDITS OF STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Audits § 41.225 Sanctions. No audit costs may...

  15. 16 CFR 5.67 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sanctions. 5.67 Section 5.67 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION ORGANIZATION, PROCEDURES AND RULES OF PRACTICE STANDARDS OF CONDUCT Disciplinary Actions Concerning Postemployment Conflict of Interest § 5.67 Sanctions. In the case of...

  16. 43 CFR 34.11 - Enforcement sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Enforcement sanctions. 34.11 Section 34.11 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior REQUIREMENTS FOR EQUAL OPPORTUNITY DURING CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ALASKA NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM § 34.11 Enforcement sanctions. The provisions of section 17,...

  17. 10 CFR 26.409 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Sanctions. 26.409 Section 26.409 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION FITNESS FOR DUTY PROGRAMS FFD Program for Construction § 26.409 Sanctions. Licensees and other... other entity determines that the individual's condition or behavior does not pose a potential risk...

  18. 45 CFR 79.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sanctions. 79.29 Section 79.29 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 79.29 Sanctions...), and (e) of this section, shall reasonably relate to the severity and nature of the failure...

  19. 45 CFR 160.530 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sanctions. 160.530 Section 160.530 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES ADMINISTRATIVE DATA STANDARDS AND RELATED REQUIREMENTS GENERAL.... The sanctions must reasonably relate to the severity and nature of the failure or misconduct....

  20. 45 CFR 150.455 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sanctions. 150.455 Section 150.455 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS CMS ENFORCEMENT IN GROUP... severity and nature of the failure or action. (b) A sanction may include any of the following actions:...

  1. 22 CFR 62.79 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Visitor Information System (SEVIS) § 62.79 Sanctions. (a) The Department of State shall impose sanctions against a sponsor that has: (1) Willfully or negligently failed to comply with the reporting requirements... or a United States territory; or, (3) Whose authorized representatives fail to secure their...

  2. 28 CFR 22.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sanctions. 22.29 Section 22.29 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CONFIDENTIALITY OF IDENTIFIABLE RESEARCH AND STATISTICAL INFORMATION § 22.29 Sanctions. Where BJA, OJJDP, BJS, NIJ, or OJP believes that a violation of section 812(a) of the Act...

  3. 12 CFR 908.74 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE IN HEARINGS ON THE RECORD Rules of Practice Before the Finance Board § 908.74 Sanctions. (a) General rule. Appropriate sanctions may be imposed during the course of any proceeding...

  4. 12 CFR 1780.74 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Banking OFFICE OF FEDERAL HOUSING ENTERPRISE OVERSIGHT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Rules of Practice Before the Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight § 1780.74 Sanctions. (a) General rule. Appropriate sanctions may...

  5. 28 CFR 22.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Sanctions. 22.29 Section 22.29 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CONFIDENTIALITY OF IDENTIFIABLE RESEARCH AND STATISTICAL INFORMATION § 22.29 Sanctions. Where BJA, OJJDP, BJS, NIJ, or OJP believes that a violation of section 812(a) of the Act...

  6. 28 CFR 22.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Sanctions. 22.29 Section 22.29 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CONFIDENTIALITY OF IDENTIFIABLE RESEARCH AND STATISTICAL INFORMATION § 22.29 Sanctions. Where BJA, OJJDP, BJS, NIJ, or OJP believes that a violation of section 812(a) of the Act...

  7. 28 CFR 22.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Sanctions. 22.29 Section 22.29 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CONFIDENTIALITY OF IDENTIFIABLE RESEARCH AND STATISTICAL INFORMATION § 22.29 Sanctions. Where BJA, OJJDP, BJS, NIJ, or OJP believes that a violation of section 812(a) of the Act...

  8. 28 CFR 22.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Sanctions. 22.29 Section 22.29 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CONFIDENTIALITY OF IDENTIFIABLE RESEARCH AND STATISTICAL INFORMATION § 22.29 Sanctions. Where BJA, OJJDP, BJS, NIJ, or OJP believes that a violation of section 812(a) of the Act...

  9. MicroRNAs: Master regulators of ethanol abuse and toxicity?12

    PubMed Central

    Miranda, Rajesh C.; Pietrzykowski, Andrzej Z.; Tang, Yueming; Sathyan, Pratheesh; Mayfield, Dayne; Keshavarzian, Ali; Sampson, Wayne; Hereld, Dale

    2010-01-01

    Ethanol exerts complex effects on human physiology and health. Ethanol is not only addictive, but it is also a fetal teratogen, an adult neurotoxin, and an etiologic agent in hepatic and cardiovascular disease, inflammation, bone loss and fracture susceptibility. A large number of genes and signaling mechanisms have been implicated in ethanol's deleterious effects, leading to the suggestion that ethanol is a “dirty drug”. An important question is, are there cellular “master-switches” that can explain these pleiotropic effects of ethanol? MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been recently identified as master regulators of the cellular transcriptome and proteome. miRNAs play an increasingly appreciated and crucial role in shaping the differentiation and function of tissues and organs in both health and disease. This critical review discusses new evidence showing that ethanol-sensitive miRNAs are indeed regulatory master-switches. More specifically, miRNAs control the development of tolerance, a crucial component of ethanol addiction. Other drugs of abuse also target some ethanol-sensitive miRNAs suggesting that common biochemical mechanisms underlie addiction. This review also discusses evidence that miRNAs mediate several ethanol pathologies, including disruption of neural stem cell proliferation and differentiation in the exposed fetus, gut leakiness that contributes to endotoxemia and alcoholic liver disease, and possibly also hepatocellular carcinomas and other gastrointestinal cancers. Finally, this review provides a perspective on emerging investigations into potential roles of miRNAs as mediators of ethanol's effects on inflammation and fracture healing, as well as the potential for miRNAs as diagnostic biomarkers and as targets for therapeutic interventions for alcohol related disorders. PMID:20102566

  10. 75 FR 67912 - North Korea Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-04

    ... Executive Order 13466 (73 FR 36787, June 27, 2008) (``E.O. 13466''). On August 30, 2010, the President... Act (22 U.S.C. 287c), issued Executive Order 13551 (75 FR 53837, September 1, 2010) (``E.O. 13551....O. 13466, 73 FR 36787, June 27, 2008, 3 CFR, 2008 Comp., p. 195; E.O. 13551, 75 FR 53837,...

  11. 75 FR 24394 - Somalia Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-05

    ... account located in the United States. (b)(1) For purposes of this section, the term blocked interest..., liens or other rights in the nature of security, warehouse receipts, bills of lading, trust receipts..., importation, exportation, or withdrawal of any security. Sec. 551.309 United States. The term United......

  12. 76 FR 76617 - Sudanese Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-08

    ... that authorize all activities and transactions relating to the petroleum and petrochemical industries... prohibition on transactions relating to Sudan's petroleum or petrochemical industries. E.O. 13412 also removed... transactions relating to the petroleum or petrochemical industry in the Republic of South Sudan if...

  13. 75 FR 5502 - Belarus Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-03

    ... Act (50 U.S.C. 1701- 1706) (``IEEPA''), issued Executive Order 13405 (71 FR 35485, June 20, 2006) (``E... extended and cards issued by U.S. financial institutions. 548.410 Setoffs prohibited. 548.411 Entities... note); E.O. 13405, 71 FR 35485; 3 CFR, 2007 Comp., p. 231. Subpart A--Relation of This Part to...

  14. 75 FR 44907 - Lebanon Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-30

    .... 1701- 1706) (``IEEPA''), issued Executive Order 13441 (72 FR 43499, Aug. 3, 2007) (``E.O. 13441''). In... prohibited. 549.408 Charitable contributions. 549.409 Credit extended and cards issued by U.S. financial.... 13441, 72 FR 43499, 3 CFR, 2008 Comp., p. 232. Subpart A--Relation of This Part to Other Laws...

  15. 75 FR 49836 - Iranian Financial Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-16

    ... significant business with Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (``IRGC'') or certain other blocked persons... Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps or any of its agents or affiliates)-- (i) To acquire or... transaction or transactions or provides significant financial services for-- (i) Iran's Islamic...

  16. 77 FR 66918 - Iranian Financial Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-08

    ... FR 49836). On February 27, 2012, OFAC amended the IFSR and reissued them in their entirety, in order... designated Iranian financial institutions (77 FR 11724). Today, OFAC is further amending the IFSR to.... 12957, 60 FR 14615, 3 CFR, 1995 Comp., p. 332; E.O. 13553, 75 FR 60567, 3 CFR, 2010 Comp., p. 253;...

  17. 77 FR 67276 - Yemen Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-09

    ... issued Executive Order 13611 (77 FR 29533, May 18, 2012) (``E.O. 13611''), invoking the authority of.... 2461 note); Pub. L. 110-96, 121 Stat. 1011 (50 U.S.C. 1705 note); E.O. 13611, 77 FR 29533, May 18, 2012... Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to take pursuant to Executive Order 13611 of May 16, 2012 (77...

  18. 75 FR 73958 - Belarus Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-30

    ... interests in property (73 FR 29849, May 22, 2008). On September 4, 2008, before the publication of the BSR... published on February 3, 2010 (75 FR 5502). Section 548.509 of the BSR memorialized General License No. 1....C. 1705 note); E.O. 13405, 71 FR 35485; 3 CFR, 2007 Comp., p. 231. Subpart...

  19. 76 FR 5482 - Belarus Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-01

    ... of State Hillary Clinton and EU High Representative Catherine Ashton issued a joint statement calling... elections. Secretary Clinton and High Representative Ashton also deemed the flawed vote count and post.... 2461 note); Pub. L. 110-96, 121 Stat. 1011 (50 U.S.C. 1705 note); E.O. 13405, 71 FR 35485; 3 CFR,...

  20. 76 FR 31470 - Taliban (Afghanistan) Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-01

    ... control in Afghanistan to be used as a safe haven and base of operations for Usama bin Ladin and Al-Qaida..., 1999, the President issued Executive Order 13129 (64 FR 36759, July 7, 1999), invoking the authority of... 13219 (66 FR 2726, January 11, 2001). On September 23, 2001, the President issued Executive Order...

  1. 77 FR 11723 - Iranian Financial Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-27

    ... provisions of CISADA (75 FR 49836). On September 28, 2010, the President issued Executive Order 13553 (75 FR... Stat. 1298; E.O. 12957, 60 FR 14615, 3 CFR, 1995 Comp., p. 332; E.O. 13553, 75 FR 60567, 3 CFR, 2010 Comp., p. 253; E.O. 13599, 77 FR 6659, February 8, 2012. Subpart A--Relation of This Part to Other...

  2. 75 FR 55462 - Iraqi Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-13

    ... Assets Control, Treasury. ACTION: Final rule. ] SUMMARY: The Department of the Treasury's Office of... President issued Executive Order 13350 on July 29, 2004 (69 FR 46055, July 30, 2004). Executive Order 13350... agencies, instrumentalities, and controlled entities, and the Central Bank of Iraq (55 FR 31803, August...

  3. Deficits in Emotion Regulation Mediate the Relationship between Childhood Abuse and Later Eating Disorder Symptoms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burns, Erin E.; Fischer, Sarah; Jackson, Joan L.; Harding, Hilary G.

    2012-01-01

    The present study examined the relationship of child maltreatment to both emotion dysregulation and subsequent eating pathology. In an effort to extend previous research, the authors examined the unique impact of childhood emotional abuse (CEA) on emotion dysregulation and eating disorder (ED) symptoms while controlling for the effects of sexual…

  4. Elder Abuse and Substance Abuse

    MedlinePlus

    ... Additional Resources Return to: What is Elder Abuse? Elder Abuse and Substance Abuse Substance abuse has been identified ... the most frequently cited risk factor associated with elder abuse and neglect. It may be the victim and/ ...

  5. 42 CFR 488.606 - Alternative sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Medicare Coverage and Alternative Sanctions for End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Facilities § 488.606... ESRD network that is designated to encompass the supplier's geographic area; and (2) This failure...

  6. 24 CFR 576.67 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... further failure to comply with such requirements will result in a more serious sanction; (2) Condition a... organizations or units of general local government located in the State for use within the time...

  7. 28 CFR 907.5 - Sanction adjudication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... NONCRIMINAL JUSTICE PURPOSES § 907.5 Sanction adjudication. (a) A Compact Officer of the FBI or a Party State... XI(a) of the Compact. (c) Nothing prohibits the Compact Council from requesting the FBI to...

  8. 28 CFR 907.5 - Sanction adjudication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... NONCRIMINAL JUSTICE PURPOSES § 907.5 Sanction adjudication. (a) A Compact Officer of the FBI or a Party State... XI(a) of the Compact. (c) Nothing prohibits the Compact Council from requesting the FBI to...

  9. 28 CFR 907.5 - Sanction adjudication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... NONCRIMINAL JUSTICE PURPOSES § 907.5 Sanction adjudication. (a) A Compact Officer of the FBI or a Party State... XI(a) of the Compact. (c) Nothing prohibits the Compact Council from requesting the FBI to...

  10. 28 CFR 907.5 - Sanction adjudication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... NONCRIMINAL JUSTICE PURPOSES § 907.5 Sanction adjudication. (a) A Compact Officer of the FBI or a Party State... XI(a) of the Compact. (c) Nothing prohibits the Compact Council from requesting the FBI to...

  11. 28 CFR 907.5 - Sanction adjudication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... NONCRIMINAL JUSTICE PURPOSES § 907.5 Sanction adjudication. (a) A Compact Officer of the FBI or a Party State... XI(a) of the Compact. (c) Nothing prohibits the Compact Council from requesting the FBI to...

  12. 76 FR 18821 - Persons and Entities on Whom Sanctions Have Been Imposed Under the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-05

    ... State in the Presidential Memorandum of November 21, 1996, 61 FR 64249 (the ``Delegation Memorandum... and Entities on Whom Sanctions Have Been Imposed Under the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 AGENCY... engaged in a sanctionable investment described in section 5(a)(1) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996...

  13. VMAT2: a dynamic regulator of brain monoaminergic neuronal function interacting with drugs of abuse

    PubMed Central

    Eiden, Lee E.; Weihe, Eberhard

    2014-01-01

    The monoaminergic neuron, in particular the dopaminergic neuron, is central to mediating the hedonic and addictive properties of drugs of abuse. The effects of amphetamine (AMPH) and cocaine (COC), for example, depend on the ability to increase dopamine in the synapse, by effects on either the plasma membrane transporter DAT or the vesicular transporter for monoamine storage, VMAT2. The potential role of DAT as a target for AMPH and COC has been reviewed extensively. Here, we present VMAT2 as a target that enables the rewarding and addictive actions of these drugs, based on imaging, neurochemical, biochemical, cell biological, genetic, and immunohistochemical evidence. The presence of VMAT2 in noradrenergic, serotoninergic, histaminergic, and potentially trace aminergic neurons invites consideration of a wider role for aminergic neurotransmission in AMPH and COC abuse and addiction. PMID:21272013

  14. 48 CFR 6101.33 - Ex parte contact; sanctions and other proceedings [Rule 33].

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2013-10-01 2012-10-01 true Ex parte contact; sanctions and other proceedings . 6101.33 Section 6101.33 Federal Acquisition Regulations System CIVILIAN BOARD... expert/consultant retained by them or their attorneys, must obey directions and orders prescribed by...

  15. 15 CFR 744.19 - Licensing policy regarding persons sanctioned pursuant to specified statutes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Licensing policy regarding persons sanctioned pursuant to specified statutes. 744.19 Section 744.19 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE EXPORT ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS...

  16. 48 CFR 6101.33 - Ex parte contact; sanctions and other proceedings [Rule 33].

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Ex parte contact; sanctions and other proceedings . 6101.33 Section 6101.33 Federal Acquisition Regulations System CIVILIAN..., and any expert/consultant retained by them or their attorneys, must obey directions and...

  17. Detrimental effects of sanctions on human altruism.

    PubMed

    Fehr, Ernst; Rockenbach, Bettina

    2003-03-13

    The existence of cooperation and social order among genetically unrelated individuals is a fundamental problem in the behavioural sciences. The prevailing approaches in biology and economics view cooperation exclusively as self-interested behaviour--unrelated individuals cooperate only if they face economic rewards or sanctions rendering cooperation a self-interested choice. Whether economic incentives are perceived as just or legitimate does not matter in these theories. Fairness-based altruism is, however, a powerful source of human cooperation. Here we show experimentally that the prevailing self-interest approach has serious shortcomings because it overlooks negative effects of sanctions on human altruism. Sanctions revealing selfish or greedy intentions destroy altruistic cooperation almost completely, whereas sanctions perceived as fair leave altruism intact. These findings challenge proximate and ultimate theories of human cooperation that neglect the distinction between fair and unfair sanctions, and they are probably relevant in all domains in which voluntary compliance matters--in relations between spouses, in the education of children, in business relations and organizations as well as in markets. PMID:12634778

  18. Detrimental effects of sanctions on human altruism.

    PubMed

    Fehr, Ernst; Rockenbach, Bettina

    2003-03-13

    The existence of cooperation and social order among genetically unrelated individuals is a fundamental problem in the behavioural sciences. The prevailing approaches in biology and economics view cooperation exclusively as self-interested behaviour--unrelated individuals cooperate only if they face economic rewards or sanctions rendering cooperation a self-interested choice. Whether economic incentives are perceived as just or legitimate does not matter in these theories. Fairness-based altruism is, however, a powerful source of human cooperation. Here we show experimentally that the prevailing self-interest approach has serious shortcomings because it overlooks negative effects of sanctions on human altruism. Sanctions revealing selfish or greedy intentions destroy altruistic cooperation almost completely, whereas sanctions perceived as fair leave altruism intact. These findings challenge proximate and ultimate theories of human cooperation that neglect the distinction between fair and unfair sanctions, and they are probably relevant in all domains in which voluntary compliance matters--in relations between spouses, in the education of children, in business relations and organizations as well as in markets.

  19. 75 FR 75904 - Global Terrorism Sanctions Regulations; Terrorism Sanctions Regulations; Foreign Terrorist...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-07

    .... 1011; E.O. 13224, 66 FR 49079, 3 CFR, 2001 Comp., p. 786; E.O. 13268, 67 FR 44751, 3 CFR, 2002 Comp., p. 240; E.O. 13284, 68 FR 4075, 3 CFR, 2003 Comp., p. 161. Subpart E--Licenses, Authorizations, and..., 60 FR 5079, 3 CFR, 1995 Comp., p. 319; E.O. 13099, 63 FR 45167, 3 CFR, 1998 Comp., p. 208. Subpart...

  20. 14 CFR 1232.107 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Sanctions. 1232.107 Section 1232.107 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION CARE AND USE OF ANIMALS IN THE CONDUCT OF... by NASA whose activities are supported by NASA but whose activities using animal subjects...

  1. 37 CFR 41.56 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... order entered in the appeal or an applicable rule. (2) Advancing or maintaining a misleading or frivolous request for relief or argument. (3) Engaging in dilatory tactics. (b) Nature of sanction... certain facts to have been established in the appeal. (3) An order expunging a paper or precluding...

  2. 37 CFR 41.56 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... order entered in the appeal or an applicable rule. (2) Advancing or maintaining a misleading or frivolous request for relief or argument. (3) Engaging in dilatory tactics. (b) Nature of sanction... certain facts to have been established in the appeal. (3) An order expunging a paper or precluding...

  3. 20 CFR 498.214 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sanctions. 498.214 Section 498.214 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION CIVIL MONETARY PENALTIES, ASSESSMENTS AND RECOMMENDED EXCLUSIONS... costs caused by the failure or misconduct; or (2) Refuse to consider any motion or other action that...

  4. 49 CFR 599.517 - Other sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... States pursuant to the False Claims Act (31 U.S.C. 3729), or imprisonment of up to 5 years and fines of... RECYCLE AND SAVE ACT PROGRAM Enforcement § 599.517 Other sanctions. The procedures and penalties described... CARS Act or submits a false certification required by this rule. Anyone who submits false...

  5. 22 CFR 35.29 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... hearing. (b) Any such sanction, including but not limited to those listed in paragraphs (c), (d), and (e... action under this part commenced by service of a notice of hearing, the ALJ may dismiss the action or may issue an initial decision imposing penalties and assessments. (e) The ALJ may refuse to consider...

  6. 17 CFR 200.114 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sanctions. 200.114 Section 200.114 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION ORGANIZATION; CONDUCT AND ETHICS; AND INFORMATION AND REQUESTS Code of Behavior Governing Ex Parte Communications Between...

  7. 39 CFR 501.12 - Administrative sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... POSTAGE EVIDENCING SYSTEMS § 501.12 Administrative sanctions. (a) An authorized Postage Evidencing System... Evidencing System for which the provider failed to comply with any provision in § 501.11. The Postal Service... Service, the United States, or any other person or entity. (f) An authorized Postage Evidencing...

  8. Immigration Reform: An Analysis of Employer Sanctions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flores, Estevan T.; And Others

    Recent immigration legislation has potential impacts on migrant education and Mexican American education. The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 was passed after nine years of intense debate. The heart of so-called immigration reform is employer sanctions, which seek to restrict migration to the United States by prohibiting employers from…

  9. 21 CFR 17.35 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sanctions. 17.35 Section 17.35 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES... and nature of the failure or misconduct. (c) When a party fails to comply with a discovery...

  10. 21 CFR 17.35 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Sanctions. 17.35 Section 17.35 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES... and nature of the failure or misconduct. (c) When a party fails to comply with a discovery...

  11. 21 CFR 17.35 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sanctions. 17.35 Section 17.35 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES... and nature of the failure or misconduct. (c) When a party fails to comply with a discovery...

  12. 21 CFR 17.35 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sanctions. 17.35 Section 17.35 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES... and nature of the failure or misconduct. (c) When a party fails to comply with a discovery...

  13. 21 CFR 17.35 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Sanctions. 17.35 Section 17.35 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES... and nature of the failure or misconduct. (c) When a party fails to comply with a discovery...

  14. Repeal of Employer Sanctions: An Advocacy Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council of La Raza, Washington, DC.

    This handbook comprises strategies that concerned individuals can use to petition Congress to repeal the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA). Despite the conclusion of the Government Accounting Office that the employer sanction provisions of the IRCA are causing widespread employment discrimination against Hispanics, Asians, and…

  15. The health impact of economic sanctions.

    PubMed

    Garfield, R; Devin, J; Fausey, J

    1995-01-01

    Embargoes and sanctions are tools of foreign policy. They can induce a decline in economic activity in addition to reducing imports and untoward health effects can supervene, especially among older persons and those with chronic illnesses. Often, violations of the rights of life, health, social services, and protection of human dignity occur among innocent civilians in embargoed nations. This paper examines the effects of embargoes and sanctions against several nations, and calls for studies to determine ways in which economic warfare might be guided by the rule of humanitarian international law, to reduce the effects on civilians. It suggests that the ability to trade in exempted goods and services should be improved, perhaps by establishing uniform criteria and definitions for exemptions, operational criteria under which sanctions committees might function, and methods for monitoring the impact of sanctions on civilian populations in targeted states, particularly with regard to water purity, food availability, and infectious-disease control. Prospective studies are advocated, to generate the data needed to provide better information and monitoring capacity than presently exists. PMID:10101382

  16. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding...

  17. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding...

  18. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding...

  19. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding...

  20. 24 CFR 92.65 - Funding sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Funding sanctions. 92.65 Section 92.65 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Allocation Formula Insular Areas Program § 92.65 Funding...

  1. 47 CFR 25.160 - Administrative sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Administrative sanctions. 25.160 Section 25.160 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS... terminated for the malicious transmissions of any signal that causes harmful interference with any...

  2. 41 CFR 60-1.27 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Sanctions. 60-1.27 Section 60-1.27 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to Public Contracts...-OBLIGATIONS OF CONTRACTORS AND SUBCONTRACTORS General Enforcement; Compliance Review and Complaint...

  3. 14 CFR 1232.107 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... for termination of funding or support. (b) NASA Field Installations. (1) Inappropriate procedures on... NASA ACTIVITIES § 1232.107 Sanctions. (a) Non-NASA Institutions. Principal investigators not employed by NASA whose activities are supported by NASA but whose activities using animal subjects...

  4. 14 CFR 1232.107 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... for termination of funding or support. (b) NASA Field Installations. (1) Inappropriate procedures on... NASA ACTIVITIES § 1232.107 Sanctions. (a) Non-NASA Institutions. Principal investigators not employed by NASA whose activities are supported by NASA but whose activities using animal subjects...

  5. Longitudinal Study of Self-Regulation, Positive Parenting, and Adjustment Problems among Physically Abused Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim-Spoon, Jungmeen.; Haskett, Mary E.; Longo, Gregory S.; Nice, Rachel.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Research using normative and high-risk samples indicates a significant link between problems with self-regulation and child maladjustment. Nevertheless, little is known about the processes that may modify the link between self-regulation and maladjustment. This longitudinal study examined the joint contributions of child self-regulation…

  6. The health effects of economic sanctions and embargoes: the role of health professionals. Ethics and Human Rights Committee.

    PubMed

    Morin, K; Miles, S H

    2000-01-18

    As a widely used tool of foreign policy, economic sanctions take many forms. They include mandating trade restrictions (for example, limiting imports from or exports to a sanctioned nation), freezing bank accounts, limiting international travel to and from an area, imposing additional tariffs, and exerting other pressures that are intended to slow key economic activities. Since the end of the Cold War, as the global market has expanded, many countries and the United Nations have increasingly used economic sanctions instead of military intervention to compel nations to end civil or extraterritorial war or to reduce abuse of human rights. Similarly, the United States has attempted to influence international governments' domestic policies by using other economic means, such as relating "most favored nation" trading status to a country's human rights record or prohibiting the import of goods from countries in which illegal child labor is widespread. Repercussions from these measures influence a country's economic development and, therefore, can also affect the overall welfare of a nation's population. In contrast to war's easily observable casualties, the apparently nonviolent consequences of economic intervention seem like an acceptable alternative. However, recent reports suggest that economic sanctions can seriously harm the health of persons who live in targeted nations. For this reason, the American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine has undertaken this examination of physicians' roles in addressing the health effects of economic sanctions. PMID:10644279

  7. 15 CFR 744.19 - Licensing policy regarding persons sanctioned pursuant to specified statutes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... EXPORT ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS CONTROL POLICY: END-USER AND END-USE BASED § 744.19 Licensing policy regarding persons sanctioned pursuant to specified statutes. Notwithstanding any other licensing policy... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Licensing policy regarding...

  8. 31 CFR 561.201 - CISADA-based sanctions on certain foreign financial institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 544, will have the tags “ ” at the end of its entry on the SDN List...) (“CISADA”), as amended by the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (Pub. L....

  9. 31 CFR 561.201 - CISADA-based sanctions on certain foreign financial institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 544, will have the tags “ ” at the end of its entry on the SDN List...) (“CISADA”), as amended by the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (Pub. L....

  10. 24 CFR 941.501 - HUD review of PHA performance; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...) Notwithstanding 24 CFR 941.205(c), 24 CFR 941.402(a) and 24 CFR 85.36(g), submit to HUD documents for prior... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false HUD review of PHA performance; sanctions. 941.501 Section 941.501 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND...

  11. 24 CFR 941.501 - HUD review of PHA performance; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...) Notwithstanding 24 CFR 941.205(c), 24 CFR 941.402(a) and 24 CFR 85.36(g), submit to HUD documents for prior... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false HUD review of PHA performance; sanctions. 941.501 Section 941.501 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

  12. 31 CFR 561.201 - CISADA-based sanctions on certain foreign financial institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... pursuant to the Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferators Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 544, will have... Corps or any of its agents or affiliates)— (i) To acquire or develop weapons of mass destruction or delivery systems for weapons of mass destruction; or (ii) To provide support for organizations...

  13. The Liability of Colleges and Universities for Fraud, Waste, and Abuse in Federally Funded Grants and Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gordon, Steven D.

    1992-01-01

    Reviews legal and practical aspects of a university's potential liability for fraud, waste, and abuse. Discusses the array of criminal, civil, and administrative sanctions that may be imposed on grantees who engage in fraudulent practices. (84 references) (MLF)

  14. 75 FR 62916 - Persons and Entities on Whom Sanctions Have Been Imposed Under the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-13

    ... authority delegated to the Secretary of State in the Presidential Memorandum of November 21, 1996, 61 FR... and Entities on Whom Sanctions Have Been Imposed Under the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 AGENCY... Intertrade Company (NICO) has engaged in a sanctionable investment described in section 5(a)(1) of the...

  15. 76 FR 63197 - Sudanese Sanctions Regulations; Iranian Transactions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-12

    ..., 62 FR 59989, 3 CFR, 1997 Comp., p. 230; E.O. 13412, 71 FR 61369, 3 CFR, 2006 Comp., p. 244. Subpart E...-195, 124 Stat. 1312 (22 U.S.C. 8501-8551); E.O. 12613, 52 FR 41940, 3 CFR, 1987 Comp., p. 256; E.O. 12957, 60 FR 14615, 3 CFR, 1995 Comp., p. 332; E.O. 12959, 60 FR 24757, 3 CFR, 1995 Comp., p. 356;...

  16. 76 FR 63191 - Sudanese Sanctions Regulations; Iranian Transactions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-12

    ... previously issued interim final rule. See 74 FR 61030 (November 23, 2009) (the ``2009 interim final rule... CFR 538.523; 74 FR 46361 (September 9, 2009)), existing prohibitions and safeguards satisfy TSRA's... interim final rule of November 23, 2009 (see 74 FR 61030), as final, with the following changes: PART...

  17. Maternal versus Paternal Physical and Emotional Abuse, Affect Regulation and Risk for Depression from Adolescence to Early Adulthood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moretti, Marlene M.; Craig, Stephanie G.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: Current research has established that depression is a common outcome of child abuse. The current study extends previous research by examining the relationship between parental emotional and physical abuse and adolescents' depressive symptoms using a prospective longitudinal design. We anticipated that this relationship would be mediated…

  18. [Are legal sanctions for improving traffic safety adequate?].

    PubMed

    Geppert, K

    1990-01-01

    Referring to the field of traffic legislation the author examines the different possibilities to improve the safety on the road, within the corresponding range of summary offence and criminal law; (1) As far as the rules of conduct are concerned he demands a uniform threshold value of at least 0.8% for blood alcohol within the limits of the German penal code Sections 315 c I, 316. He rejects the plan to introduce a criminal offence of considerable speeding if imminent danger is provoked. (2) On the level of sanctions the traditional measures of traffic legislation are to be supplied sensibly by supplementary training courses concerning alcohol abuse. The legal instruments of (temporary) suspension of a person's driving license on the part of criminal jurisdiction or public authorities ought to be utilized on a larger scale. The (Flensburg) repeated perpetration point system is to be improved with regard to special preventive measures. (3) To increase the risk of being caught the control of the traffic by the police is to be intensified--especially through a larger application of technical means. (4) The extension of the instruments of traffic legislation to immediate measures by the police--preliminary or "mini" suspension of a person's driving license by resort to preventive rights by the police?--meets with constitutional or legal scruples.

  19. The Role of Anxiety Sensitivity and Difficulties in Emotion Regulation in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among Crack/Cocaine Dependent Patients in Residential Substance Abuse Treatment

    PubMed Central

    McDermott, Michael J.; Tull, Matthew T.; Gratz, Kim L.; Daughters, Stacey B.; Lejuez, C. W.

    2009-01-01

    Current research suggests the importance of anxiety sensitivity (AS) in the risk for PTSD, and a growing body of research has demonstrated that difficulties in emotion regulation may also play a role. This study examined the unique relationships between AS dimensions, difficulties in emotion regulation, and a probable PTSD diagnosis among a sample of inner-city crack/cocaine dependent patients in residential substance abuse treatment. Probable PTSD participants exhibited higher levels of the AS dimension of social concerns and emotion regulation difficulties. Emotion regulation difficulties reliably distinguished probable PTSD participants from non-PTSD participants above and beyond both anxiety symptom severity and the AS dimension of social concerns. Further, social concerns did not account for unique variance when difficulties in emotion regulation was entered into the model. Results provide support for the central role of difficulties in emotion regulation relative to AS dimensions in the prediction of PTSD within a crack/cocaine dependent population. PMID:19233609

  20. Examining an affect regulation model of substance abuse in schizophrenia. The role of traits and coping.

    PubMed

    Blanchard, J J; Squires, D; Henry, T; Horan, W P; Bogenschutz, M; Lauriello, J; Bustillo, J

    1999-02-01

    Comorbid substance use disorders occur frequently in schizophrenia with significant detrimental effects to clinical outcome. Unfortunately, attempts to identify factors associated with comorbid substance use disorders (beyond demographic characteristics such as gender) have not been successful. This study examined an affect regulation model of comorbid substance use in schizophrenia with a focus on personality traits and coping. It was hypothesized that maladaptive coping and the traits of negative affect (NA) and disinhibition (DIS), but not trait positive affect (PA), would be associated with greater substance use problems. Thirty-nine patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder completed measures of personality traits, coping, and negative consequences associated with substance use. Traits were differentially associated with coping in that NA and DIS, but not PA, were associated with maladaptive coping including the use of drugs and alcohol to cope with stress. Alternatively, PA, but not DIS or NA, was related to adaptive coping strategies. Individuals high in NA and endorsing the use of drugs and alcohol to cope reported the greatest number of negative consequences from substance use. This finding held after controlling for gender. These results are consistent with an affect regulation model of substance use and suggest the advantage of examining the role of affect, traits, and coping in understanding comorbid substance use in schizophrenia.

  1. Impact of tax sanctions on physician practice acquisitions and employment.

    PubMed

    Hardy, C T; Lyden, S M; Kasmarcak, S J

    1997-07-01

    The intermediate tax sanctions create significant concerns for tax-exempt healthcare organizations that seek to integrate practicing physicians through practice acquisition or employment. The sanctions will force not-for-profit healthcare organizations to examine both the strategic and business implications of the dollars they have committed to practice acquisition and physician employment. The sanctions also should motivate organizations to reexamine their existing physician compensation arrangements, which may be creating negative incentives for practice productivity. PMID:10168441

  2. Skills training in affective and interpersonal regulation followed by exposure: a phase-based treatment for PTSD related to childhood abuse.

    PubMed

    Cloitre, Marylene; Koenen, Karestan C; Cohen, Lisa R; Han, Hyemee

    2002-10-01

    Fifty-eight women with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) related to childhood abuse were randomly assigned to a 2-phase cognitive-behavioral treatment or a minimal attention wait list. Phase 1 of treatment included 8 weekly sessions of skills training in affect and interpersonal regulation; Phase 2 included 8 sessions of modified prolonged exposure. Compared with those on wait list, participants in active treatment showed significant improvement in affect regulation problems, interpersonal skills deficits, and PTSD symptoms. Gains were maintained at 3- and 9-month follow-up. Phase 1 therapeutic alliance and negative mood regulation skills predicted Phase 2 exposure success in reducing PTSD, suggesting the value of establishing a strong therapeutic relationship and emotion regulation skills before exposure work among chronic PTSD populations.

  3. Abusive Relationships

    MedlinePlus

    ... relationships and friendships. Emotional abuse (stuff like teasing, bullying, and humiliating others) can be difficult to recognize ... How to Break Up Respectfully Abuse Dealing With Bullying Date Rape Getting Over a Break-Up Posttraumatic ...

  4. 42 CFR 1004.110 - Notice of sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS ON HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS AND PROVIDERS OF HEALTH CARE SERVICES BY A... sanctioned; (B) If excluded from Medicare and the State health care programs, has informed his, her or...

  5. 42 CFR 1004.90 - Basis for recommended sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Basis for recommended sanction. 1004.90 Section 1004.90 Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS ON HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS AND PROVIDERS OF HEALTH...

  6. 42 CFR 1004.110 - Notice of sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS ON HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS AND PROVIDERS OF HEALTH CARE SERVICES BY A... sanctioned; (B) If excluded from Medicare and the State health care programs, has informed his, her or...

  7. 42 CFR 1004.90 - Basis for recommended sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Basis for recommended sanction. 1004.90 Section 1004.90 Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS ON HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS AND PROVIDERS OF HEALTH...

  8. 42 CFR 1004.90 - Basis for recommended sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Basis for recommended sanction. 1004.90 Section 1004.90 Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS ON HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS AND PROVIDERS OF HEALTH...

  9. 42 CFR 1004.110 - Notice of sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS ON HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS AND PROVIDERS OF HEALTH CARE SERVICES BY A... sanctioned; (B) If excluded from Medicare and the State health care programs, has informed his, her or...

  10. 42 CFR 1004.110 - Notice of sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS ON HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS AND PROVIDERS OF HEALTH CARE SERVICES BY A... sanctioned; (B) If excluded from Medicare and the State health care programs, has informed his, her or...

  11. 42 CFR 1004.90 - Basis for recommended sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Basis for recommended sanction. 1004.90 Section 1004.90 Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS ON HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS AND PROVIDERS OF HEALTH...

  12. 42 CFR 1004.90 - Basis for recommended sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Basis for recommended sanction. 1004.90 Section 1004.90 Public Health OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL-HEALTH CARE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OIG AUTHORITIES IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS ON HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS AND PROVIDERS OF HEALTH...

  13. 28 CFR 115.176 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Disciplinary sanctions for staff. 115.176 Section 115.176 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Lockups Discipline § 115.176 Disciplinary sanctions for staff. (a)...

  14. 28 CFR 115.376 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Disciplinary sanctions for staff. 115.376 Section 115.376 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Juvenile Facilities Discipline § 115.376 Disciplinary sanctions for...

  15. 28 CFR 115.376 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Disciplinary sanctions for staff. 115.376 Section 115.376 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Juvenile Facilities Discipline § 115.376 Disciplinary sanctions for...

  16. 28 CFR 115.176 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Disciplinary sanctions for staff. 115.176 Section 115.176 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Lockups Discipline § 115.176 Disciplinary sanctions for staff. (a)...

  17. 28 CFR 115.76 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Disciplinary sanctions for staff. 115.76 Section 115.76 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Adult Prisons and Jails Discipline § 115.76 Disciplinary sanctions...

  18. 28 CFR 115.76 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Disciplinary sanctions for staff. 115.76 Section 115.76 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Adult Prisons and Jails Discipline § 115.76 Disciplinary sanctions...

  19. 28 CFR 115.176 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Disciplinary sanctions for staff. 115.176 Section 115.176 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Lockups Discipline § 115.176 Disciplinary sanctions for staff. (a)...

  20. 28 CFR 115.376 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Disciplinary sanctions for staff. 115.376 Section 115.376 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Juvenile Facilities Discipline § 115.376 Disciplinary sanctions for...

  1. 19 CFR 210.4 - Written submissions; representations; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Written submissions; representations; sanctions... Written submissions; representations; sanctions. (a) Caption; names of parties. The front page of every written submission filed by a party or a proposed party to an investigation or a related proceeding...

  2. 19 CFR 210.4 - Written submissions; representations; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Written submissions; representations; sanctions... Written submissions; representations; sanctions. (a) Caption; names of parties. The front page of every written submission filed by a party or a proposed party to an investigation or a related proceeding...

  3. School-Sanctioned Community Service. The State Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cunningham, Claire E.

    This report provides materials developed by a project to determine the extent to which the states are involved in school-sanctioned community service programs. Chapter 1 summarizes responses of state education agency (SEA) staff to a questionnaire that focused on permission for student participation in school-sanctioned community service programs,…

  4. 10 CFR 221.37 - Violations and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Violations and sanctions. 221.37 Section 221.37 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL PRIORITY SUPPLY OF CRUDE OIL AND PETROLEUM PRODUCTS TO THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE UNDER THE DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT Administrative Procedures and Sanctions § 221.37 Violations...

  5. 45 CFR 98.92 - Penalties and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Penalties and sanctions. 98.92 Section 98.92 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Monitoring, Non-compliance and Complaints § 98.92 Penalties and sanctions. (a) Upon a...

  6. 45 CFR 98.92 - Penalties and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Penalties and sanctions. 98.92 Section 98.92 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Monitoring, Non-compliance and Complaints § 98.92 Penalties and sanctions. (a) Upon a...

  7. Sanctions for Sex Offenders: Fear and Public Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Comartin, Erin B.; Kernsmith, Poco D.; Kernsmith, Roger M.

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated public attitudes regarding sex offender sanctions through telephone surveys (n = 703). The greatest support was for residency and work restrictions. There was less support for publication of names in a newspaper, curfews, life in prison, and castration. Support for nonsevere sanctions correlated with socioeconomic status,…

  8. 18 CFR 385.411 - Sanctions (Rule 411).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... other sanction available to the Commission by law; (2) Order that the matters to which the order... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Sanctions (Rule 411). 385.411 Section 385.411 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY...

  9. 18 CFR 385.411 - Sanctions (Rule 411).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... other sanction available to the Commission by law; (2) Order that the matters to which the order... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Sanctions (Rule 411). 385.411 Section 385.411 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY...

  10. 18 CFR 385.411 - Sanctions (Rule 411).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... other sanction available to the Commission by law; (2) Order that the matters to which the order... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sanctions (Rule 411). 385.411 Section 385.411 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY...

  11. 18 CFR 385.411 - Sanctions (Rule 411).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... other sanction available to the Commission by law; (2) Order that the matters to which the order... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sanctions (Rule 411). 385.411 Section 385.411 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY...

  12. 42 CFR 493.1806 - Available sanctions: All laboratories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Available sanctions: All laboratories. 493.1806... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Enforcement Procedures § 493.1806 Available sanctions: All laboratories. (a) Applicability. CMS may impose one or more of the...

  13. 42 CFR 493.1806 - Available sanctions: All laboratories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Available sanctions: All laboratories. 493.1806... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Enforcement Procedures § 493.1806 Available sanctions: All laboratories. (a) Applicability. CMS may impose one or more of the...

  14. 42 CFR 493.1806 - Available sanctions: All laboratories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Available sanctions: All laboratories. 493.1806... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Enforcement Procedures § 493.1806 Available sanctions: All laboratories. (a) Applicability. CMS may impose one or more of the...

  15. 42 CFR 493.1806 - Available sanctions: All laboratories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Available sanctions: All laboratories. 493.1806... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Enforcement Procedures § 493.1806 Available sanctions: All laboratories. (a) Applicability. CMS may impose one or more of the...

  16. 42 CFR 493.1806 - Available sanctions: All laboratories.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Available sanctions: All laboratories. 493.1806... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Enforcement Procedures § 493.1806 Available sanctions: All laboratories. (a) Applicability. CMS may impose one or more of the...

  17. 32 CFR 1656.11 - Job performance standards and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Job performance standards and sanctions. 1656.11... ALTERNATIVE SERVICE § 1656.11 Job performance standards and sanctions. (a) Standards of Performance. An ASW is... employer of his other employees in similar jobs. If there are no other employees, the standards...

  18. 32 CFR 1656.11 - Job performance standards and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Job performance standards and sanctions. 1656.11... ALTERNATIVE SERVICE § 1656.11 Job performance standards and sanctions. (a) Standards of Performance. An ASW is... employer of his other employees in similar jobs. If there are no other employees, the standards...

  19. 32 CFR 1656.11 - Job performance standards and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Job performance standards and sanctions. 1656.11... ALTERNATIVE SERVICE § 1656.11 Job performance standards and sanctions. (a) Standards of Performance. An ASW is... employer of his other employees in similar jobs. If there are no other employees, the standards...

  20. 32 CFR 1656.11 - Job performance standards and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Job performance standards and sanctions. 1656.11... ALTERNATIVE SERVICE § 1656.11 Job performance standards and sanctions. (a) Standards of Performance. An ASW is... employer of his other employees in similar jobs. If there are no other employees, the standards...

  1. 32 CFR 1656.11 - Job performance standards and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Job performance standards and sanctions. 1656.11... ALTERNATIVE SERVICE § 1656.11 Job performance standards and sanctions. (a) Standards of Performance. An ASW is... employer of his other employees in similar jobs. If there are no other employees, the standards...

  2. 12 CFR 1805.802 - Assistance Agreement; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Assistance Agreement; sanctions. 1805.802 Section 1805.802 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS PROGRAM Terms and Conditions of Assistance § 1805.802 Assistance Agreement; sanctions. (a)...

  3. 12 CFR 1806.300 - Award Agreement; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Award Agreement; sanctions. 1806.300 Section 1806.300 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BANK ENTERPRISE AWARD PROGRAM Terms and Conditions of Assistance § 1806.300 Award Agreement; sanctions. (a) General. After the Fund selects...

  4. 10 CFR 221.37 - Violations and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Violations and sanctions. 221.37 Section 221.37 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL PRIORITY SUPPLY OF CRUDE OIL AND PETROLEUM PRODUCTS TO THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE UNDER THE DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT Administrative Procedures and Sanctions § 221.37 Violations...

  5. 28 CFR 20.38 - Sanction for noncompliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sanction for noncompliance. 20.38 Section 20.38 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.38 Sanction for noncompliance. Access...

  6. 5 CFR 950.603 - Sanctions and penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS Miscellaneous Provisions § 950.603 Sanctions and penalties. (a)(1) The Director may impose sanctions or penalties on a federation, charitable organization or PCFO for violating these... bar a federation or charitable organization from serving as PCFO, for a period not to exceed...

  7. 41 CFR 60-300.66 - Sanctions and penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Sanctions and penalties. 60-300.66 Section 60-300.66 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to... MEDAL VETERANS General Enforcement and Complaint Procedures § 60-300.66 Sanctions and penalties....

  8. 41 CFR 60-250.66 - Sanctions and penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Sanctions and penalties. 60-250.66 Section 60-250.66 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to... PROTECTED VETERANS General Enforcement and Complaint Procedures § 60-250.66 Sanctions and penalties....

  9. 17 CFR 205.6 - Sanctions and discipline.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sanctions and discipline. 205... ISSUER § 205.6 Sanctions and discipline. (a) A violation of this part by any attorney appearing and..., regardless of whether the attorney may also be subject to discipline for the same conduct in a...

  10. 17 CFR 205.6 - Sanctions and discipline.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Sanctions and discipline. 205... ISSUER § 205.6 Sanctions and discipline. (a) A violation of this part by any attorney appearing and..., regardless of whether the attorney may also be subject to discipline for the same conduct in a...

  11. 28 CFR 115.76 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Disciplinary sanctions for staff. 115.76 Section 115.76 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Adult Prisons and Jails Discipline § 115.76 Disciplinary sanctions...

  12. 17 CFR 205.6 - Sanctions and discipline.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sanctions and discipline. 205... ISSUER § 205.6 Sanctions and discipline. (a) A violation of this part by any attorney appearing and..., regardless of whether the attorney may also be subject to discipline for the same conduct in a...

  13. 17 CFR 205.6 - Sanctions and discipline.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Sanctions and discipline. 205... ISSUER § 205.6 Sanctions and discipline. (a) A violation of this part by any attorney appearing and..., regardless of whether the attorney may also be subject to discipline for the same conduct in a...

  14. 17 CFR 205.6 - Sanctions and discipline.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sanctions and discipline. 205... ISSUER § 205.6 Sanctions and discipline. (a) A violation of this part by any attorney appearing and..., regardless of whether the attorney may also be subject to discipline for the same conduct in a...

  15. 6 CFR 5.35 - Sanctions and penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sanctions and penalties. 5.35 Section 5.35 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY DISCLOSURE OF RECORDS AND INFORMATION Privacy Act § 5.35 Sanctions and penalties. Under the provisions of the Privacy Act, 5 U.S.C....

  16. 42 CFR 1004.110 - Notice of sanction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... through written notice—based on a suggested (non-mandatory) model provided to the sanctioned individual by... direct or indirect ownership interest of 5 percent or more and any management, partnership or control of... an adverse factor at the time the sanctioned practitioner or other person requests reinstatement....

  17. Drug Abuse

    MedlinePlus

    ... as drugged driving, violence, stress, and child abuse. Drug abuse can lead to homelessness, crime, and missed work or problems with keeping a job. It harms unborn babies and destroys families. There are different types of treatment for drug abuse. But the best is to prevent drug ...

  18. Child Abuse

    MedlinePlus

    ... or become violent. An older child may use drugs or alcohol, try to run away or abuse others. Child abuse is a serious problem. If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, call the police or your local child welfare agency.

  19. 76 FR 30505 - Authorizing the Implementation of Certain Sanctions Set Forth in the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-25

    ... response to those later actions. (Presidential Sig.) THE WHITE HOUSE, May 23, 2011. [FR Doc. 2011-13173... Set Forth in the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as Amended By the authority vested in me as President by....), the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-172) (50 U.S.C. 1701 note) (ISA), as amended by,...

  20. Socially sanctioned coercion mechanisms for addiction treatment.

    PubMed

    Nace, Edgar P; Birkmayer, Florian; Sullivan, Maria A; Galanter, Marc; Fromson, John A; Frances, Richard J; Levin, Frances R; Lewis, Collins; Suchinsky, Richard T; Tamerin, John S; Westermeyer, Joseph

    2007-01-01

    Coercion as a strategy for treatment of addiction is an effective but often negatively perceived approach. The authors review current policies for involuntary commitments and explore coercive dimensions of treating alcohol and drug dependence in the workplace, sports, and through professional licensure. Gender-specific issues in coercion are considered, including evidence for improved treatment retention among pregnant and parenting women coerced via the criminal justice system. Social security disability benefits represent an area where an opportunity for constructive coercion was missed in the treatment of primary or comorbid substance use disorders. The availability of third-party funding for the voluntary treatment of individuals with substance use disorders has decreased. This unmet need, coupled with the evidence for positive clinical outcomes, highlights the call for implementing socially sanctioned mechanisms of coercion.

  1. 7 CFR 1.646 - What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery? 1.646 Section 1.646 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses Prehearing Conferences and Discovery §...

  2. 7 CFR 1.646 - What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery? 1.646 Section 1.646 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses Prehearing Conferences and Discovery §...

  3. 7 CFR 1.646 - What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery? 1.646 Section 1.646 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses Prehearing Conferences and Discovery §...

  4. 7 CFR 1.646 - What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery? 1.646 Section 1.646 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses Prehearing Conferences and Discovery §...

  5. 7 CFR 1.646 - What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false What sanctions may the ALJ impose for failure to comply with discovery? 1.646 Section 1.646 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Conditions in FERC Hydropower Licenses Prehearing Conferences and Discovery §...

  6. 48 CFR 25.703-3 - Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010, section 106.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Comprehensive Iran... Prohibited Sources 25.703-3 Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010, section... goods or services with a person that exports certain sensitive technology to Iran, as determined by...

  7. 48 CFR 25.703-3 - Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010, section 106.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Comprehensive Iran... Prohibited Sources 25.703-3 Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010, section... of goods or services with a person that exports certain sensitive technology to Iran, as...

  8. 15 CFR 719.4 - Violations and sanctions under the Act not subject to proceedings under the CWCR.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION REGULATIONS ENFORCEMENT § 719.4 Violations and sanctions under the Act not subject to proceedings under the CWCR. (a) Criminal penalties for development or use of a chemical...

  9. 15 CFR 719.4 - Violations and sanctions under the Act not subject to proceedings under the CWCR.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade (Continued) BUREAU OF INDUSTRY AND SECURITY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION REGULATIONS ENFORCEMENT § 719.4 Violations and sanctions under the Act not subject to proceedings under the CWCR. (a) Criminal penalties for development or use of a chemical...

  10. Spiritual abuse.

    PubMed

    Purcell, B C

    1998-01-01

    Spiritual abuse is the act of making people believe--whether by stating or merely implying--that they are going to be punished in this life and/or tormented in hell-fire forever for failure to live life good enough to please God and thus earn admission to heaven. Spiritual terrorism is the most extreme form of spiritual abuse and may cause serious mental health problems. Those people who have not been spiritually terrorized have not necessarily been spared from spiritual abuse and therefore may still be in need of competent, spiritual counseling. Spiritual abuse, which may be active or passive, can best be conceptualized on a continuum from terroristic to zero abuse. Severity is determined by intensity, age of onset, duration, and individual reaction. The underlying issue in all forms of abuse is control. PMID:9729974

  11. The Timing and Accumulation of Judicial Sanctions among Drug Court Clients

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McRee, Nick; Drapela, Laurie A.

    2012-01-01

    Judicial sanctions are used by drug courts to encourage clients to comply with program requirements. However, few studies have explored the application of sanctions in drug courts or the relationship between sanctions and drug court graduation. This article reports the results of a study of sanctions as applied in a drug court in southwest…

  12. 42 CFR 438.730 - Sanction by CMS: Special rules for MCOs

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Sanction by CMS: Special rules for MCOs 438.730... SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS MANAGED CARE Sanctions § 438.730 Sanction by CMS: Special rules for MCOs (a) Basis for sanction. (1) A State agency may recommend that CMS impose the denial...

  13. Internal compliance investigations can reduce government sanctions.

    PubMed

    Mustokoff, M M; Yecies, M S

    1997-10-01

    An effective corporate compliance program is facilitated by three essential elements: a well-qualified compliance officer; a policy of immediate investigation of every report of potential fraud and abuse; and clearly defined roles for both corporate and outside counsel in conducting the investigations. A government agency is less likely to exercise the full extent of its powers when these elements are in place and three is evidence of a sincere compliance effort.

  14. Internal compliance investigations can reduce government sanctions.

    PubMed

    Mustokoff, M M; Yecies, M S

    1997-10-01

    An effective corporate compliance program is facilitated by three essential elements: a well-qualified compliance officer; a policy of immediate investigation of every report of potential fraud and abuse; and clearly defined roles for both corporate and outside counsel in conducting the investigations. A government agency is less likely to exercise the full extent of its powers when these elements are in place and three is evidence of a sincere compliance effort. PMID:10173966

  15. 18 CFR 430.31 - Sanctions: Civil and criminal.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... furtherance thereof, shall be punishable as provided in section 14.17 of the Compact. (b) General Counsel of... to such penal sanctions as may be imposed pursuant to this section, any violation of this...

  16. Impacts of international sanctions on Iranian pharmaceutical market.

    PubMed

    Cheraghali, Abdol Majid

    2013-01-01

    Iran in recent decade faced several regional and international sanctions in foreign trade, financial and banking services. Iran national pharmaceutical industry has always played a major role in providing medicines to the Iranian patients. However, following the sanctions it has faced profound difficulties for importing of both finished products and pharmaceutical raw materials. Although medicines are exempted from sanctions, due to restriction on money transaction and proper insurance Iranian pharmaceutical companies have to pay cash in advance for imports of medicines and raw materials or to secure offshore funds at very high risks. Current situation in Iran pharmaceutical market confirms that the sanctions against Iran are affecting ordinary citizens and national health sector which resulted to reduction of availability of lifesaving medicines in the local market and has caused increasing pain and suffering for Iranian patients. PMID:23902642

  17. 7 CFR 281.6 - Liabilities and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE FOOD STAMP AND FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION OF SNAP ON INDIAN RESERVATIONS § 281.6 Liabilities and sanctions. An ITO administering SNAP on a reservation is subject to the same liabilities...

  18. 50 CFR 660.341 - Limited entry permit sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... under this subpart are subject to sanctions pursuant to the Magnuson Act at 16 U.S.C. 1858(g) and 15 CFR... ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE (CONTINUED) FISHERIES OFF WEST COAST STATES West...

  19. 42 CFR 488.320 - Sanctions for inadequate survey performance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... procedures specified in 45 CFR part 16. ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sanctions for inadequate survey performance. 488... HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION SURVEY, CERTIFICATION, AND ENFORCEMENT...

  20. 28 CFR 115.278 - Disciplinary sanctions for residents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... histories. (c) The disciplinary process shall consider whether a resident's mental disabilities or mental illness contributed to his or her behavior when determining what type of sanction, if any, should be... coerced. Medical and Mental Care...

  1. 28 CFR 115.278 - Disciplinary sanctions for residents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... histories. (c) The disciplinary process shall consider whether a resident's mental disabilities or mental illness contributed to his or her behavior when determining what type of sanction, if any, should be... coerced. Medical and Mental Care...

  2. 28 CFR 115.278 - Disciplinary sanctions for residents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... histories. (c) The disciplinary process shall consider whether a resident's mental disabilities or mental illness contributed to his or her behavior when determining what type of sanction, if any, should be... coerced. Medical and Mental Care...

  3. Sanctioning Behavior in Negro and In White Populations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schneider, Frank W.; Shaw, Marvin E.

    1970-01-01

    The present study extended the analysis of the role of cultural determinants" of the assignment of sanctions as a function of levels of causality, outcome quality and intensity, and cultural background in several age groups. (DB)

  4. Culturally sanctioned suicide: Euthanasia, seppuku, and terrorist martyrdom

    PubMed Central

    Pierre, Joseph M

    2015-01-01

    Suicide is one of the greatest concerns in psychiatric practice, with considerable efforts devoted to prevention. The psychiatric view of suicide tends to equate it with depression or other forms of mental illness. However, some forms of suicide occur independently of mental illness and within a framework of cultural sanctioning such that they aren’t regarded as suicide at all. Despite persistent taboos against suicide, euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide in the context of terminal illness is increasingly accepted as a way to preserve autonomy and dignity in the West. Seppuku, the ancient samurai ritual of suicide by self-stabbing, was long considered an honorable act of self-resolve such that despite the removal of cultural sanctioning, the rate of suicide in Japan remains high with suicide masquerading as seppuku still carried out both there and abroad. Suicide as an act of murder and terrorism is a practice currently popular with Islamic militants who regard it as martyrdom in the context of war. The absence of mental illness and the presence of cultural sanctioning do not mean that suicide should not be prevented. Culturally sanctioned suicide must be understood in terms of the specific motivations that underlie the choice of death over life. Efforts to prevent culturally sanctioned suicide must focus on alternatives to achieve similar ends and must ultimately be implemented within cultures to remove the sanctioning of self-destructive acts. PMID:25815251

  5. Centralized sanctioning and legitimate authority promote cooperation in humans

    PubMed Central

    Baldassarri, Delia; Grossman, Guy

    2011-01-01

    Social sanctioning is widely considered a successful strategy to promote cooperation among humans. In situations in which individual and collective interests are at odds, incentives to free-ride induce individuals to refrain from contributing to public goods provision. Experimental evidence from public goods games shows that when endowed with sanctioning powers, conditional cooperators can discipline defectors, thus leading to greater levels of cooperation. However, extant evidence is based on peer punishment institutions, whereas in complex societies, systems of control are often centralized: for instance, we do not sanction our neighbors for driving too fast, the police do. Here we show the effect of centralized sanctioning and legitimate authority on cooperation. We designed an adaptation of the public goods game in which sanctioning power is given to a single monitor, and we experimentally manipulated the process by which the monitor is chosen. To increase the external validity of the study, we conducted lab-in-the-field experiments involving 1,543 Ugandan farmers from 50 producer cooperatives. This research provides evidence of the effectiveness of centralized sanctioning and demonstrates the causal effect of legitimacy on cooperation: participants are more responsive to the authority of an elected monitor than a randomly chosen monitor. Our essay contributes to the literature on the evolution of cooperation by introducing the idea of role differentiation. In complex societies, cooperative behavior is not only sustained by mechanisms of selection and reciprocity among peers, but also by the legitimacy that certain actors derive from their position in the social hierarchy. PMID:21690401

  6. Culturally sanctioned suicide: Euthanasia, seppuku, and terrorist martyrdom.

    PubMed

    Pierre, Joseph M

    2015-03-22

    Suicide is one of the greatest concerns in psychiatric practice, with considerable efforts devoted to prevention. The psychiatric view of suicide tends to equate it with depression or other forms of mental illness. However, some forms of suicide occur independently of mental illness and within a framework of cultural sanctioning such that they aren't regarded as suicide at all. Despite persistent taboos against suicide, euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide in the context of terminal illness is increasingly accepted as a way to preserve autonomy and dignity in the West. Seppuku, the ancient samurai ritual of suicide by self-stabbing, was long considered an honorable act of self-resolve such that despite the removal of cultural sanctioning, the rate of suicide in Japan remains high with suicide masquerading as seppuku still carried out both there and abroad. Suicide as an act of murder and terrorism is a practice currently popular with Islamic militants who regard it as martyrdom in the context of war. The absence of mental illness and the presence of cultural sanctioning do not mean that suicide should not be prevented. Culturally sanctioned suicide must be understood in terms of the specific motivations that underlie the choice of death over life. Efforts to prevent culturally sanctioned suicide must focus on alternatives to achieve similar ends and must ultimately be implemented within cultures to remove the sanctioning of self-destructive acts.

  7. Centralized sanctioning and legitimate authority promote cooperation in humans.

    PubMed

    Baldassarri, Delia; Grossman, Guy

    2011-07-01

    Social sanctioning is widely considered a successful strategy to promote cooperation among humans. In situations in which individual and collective interests are at odds, incentives to free-ride induce individuals to refrain from contributing to public goods provision. Experimental evidence from public goods games shows that when endowed with sanctioning powers, conditional cooperators can discipline defectors, thus leading to greater levels of cooperation. However, extant evidence is based on peer punishment institutions, whereas in complex societies, systems of control are often centralized: for instance, we do not sanction our neighbors for driving too fast, the police do. Here we show the effect of centralized sanctioning and legitimate authority on cooperation. We designed an adaptation of the public goods game in which sanctioning power is given to a single monitor, and we experimentally manipulated the process by which the monitor is chosen. To increase the external validity of the study, we conducted lab-in-the-field experiments involving 1,543 Ugandan farmers from 50 producer cooperatives. This research provides evidence of the effectiveness of centralized sanctioning and demonstrates the causal effect of legitimacy on cooperation: participants are more responsive to the authority of an elected monitor than a randomly chosen monitor. Our essay contributes to the literature on the evolution of cooperation by introducing the idea of role differentiation. In complex societies, cooperative behavior is not only sustained by mechanisms of selection and reciprocity among peers, but also by the legitimacy that certain actors derive from their position in the social hierarchy.

  8. Culturally sanctioned suicide: Euthanasia, seppuku, and terrorist martyrdom.

    PubMed

    Pierre, Joseph M

    2015-03-22

    Suicide is one of the greatest concerns in psychiatric practice, with considerable efforts devoted to prevention. The psychiatric view of suicide tends to equate it with depression or other forms of mental illness. However, some forms of suicide occur independently of mental illness and within a framework of cultural sanctioning such that they aren't regarded as suicide at all. Despite persistent taboos against suicide, euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide in the context of terminal illness is increasingly accepted as a way to preserve autonomy and dignity in the West. Seppuku, the ancient samurai ritual of suicide by self-stabbing, was long considered an honorable act of self-resolve such that despite the removal of cultural sanctioning, the rate of suicide in Japan remains high with suicide masquerading as seppuku still carried out both there and abroad. Suicide as an act of murder and terrorism is a practice currently popular with Islamic militants who regard it as martyrdom in the context of war. The absence of mental illness and the presence of cultural sanctioning do not mean that suicide should not be prevented. Culturally sanctioned suicide must be understood in terms of the specific motivations that underlie the choice of death over life. Efforts to prevent culturally sanctioned suicide must focus on alternatives to achieve similar ends and must ultimately be implemented within cultures to remove the sanctioning of self-destructive acts. PMID:25815251

  9. Fetal Abuse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kent, Lindsey; And Others

    1997-01-01

    Five cases of fetal abuse by mothers suffering from depression are discussed. Four of the women had unplanned pregnancies and had considered termination of the pregnancy. Other factors associated with fetal abuse include pregnancy denial, pregnancy ambivalence, previous postpartum depression, and difficulties in relationships. Vigilance for…

  10. 75 FR 55463 - Iraq Stabilization and Insurgency Sanctions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-13

    ... cards issued by U.S. financial institutions. 576.411 Prohibited transactions involving certain Iraqi..., 121 Stat. 1011; E.O. 13303, 68 FR 31931, 3 CFR, 2003 Comp., p. 227; E.O. 13315, 68 FR 52315, 3 CFR, 2003 Comp., p. 252; E.O. 13350, 69 FR 46055, 3 CFR, 2004 Comp., p. 196; E.O. 13364, 69 FR 70177, 3...

  11. 3 CFR 13574 - Executive Order 13574 of May 23, 2011. Authorizing the Implementation of Certain Sanctions Set...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... the Implementation of Certain Sanctions Set Forth in the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as Amended 13574... Authorizing the Implementation of Certain Sanctions Set Forth in the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as Amended By... National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-172)...

  12. Emotions and emotion regulation in survivors of childhood sexual abuse: the importance of “disgust” in traumatic stress and psychopathology

    PubMed Central

    Coyle, Eimear; Karatzias, Thanos; Summers, Andy; Power, Mick

    2014-01-01

    Background Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) has the potential to compromise socio-emotional development of the survivor resulting in increased vulnerability to difficulties regulating emotions. In turn, emotion regulation is thought to play a key part in a number of psychological disorders which CSA survivors are at increased risk of developing. A better understanding of the basic emotions experienced in this population and emotion regulation strategies will inform current treatment. Objective This paper examines the relationships between type of emotions experienced, emotion regulation strategies, and psychological trauma symptoms in a sample of survivors of CSA. Method A consecutive case series of CSA survivors (n=109) completed the Basic Emotions Scale (BES)—Weekly, General, and Coping versions; the Regulation of Emotions Questionnaire; the Post-traumatic Stress Checklist—Civilian Version (PCL-C); and the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation Outcome Measure. Results Significantly higher levels of disgust than other levels of emotions were reported on the weekly version of the BES. In addition, significantly higher levels of disgust and lower levels of happiness were reported on the BES—General subscale. Regression analyses revealed that sadness, fear, disgust, and external dysfunctional coping strategies predicted global post-traumatic stress disorder and re-experiencing symptomatology measured by the PCL-C. Global distress, as measured by CORE, was predicted by the emotions of sadness, disgust, and low happiness, as well as dysfunctional regulatory strategies. In addition, preliminary exploratory factor analyses supported the structure of all three versions of the BES, with disgust explaining the largest percentage of variance, followed by happiness. Conclusions The findings highlight the utility of profiling basic emotions in understanding the strong associations between emotional phenomena, particularly the emotion of disgust and psychopathology in CSA

  13. When god sanctions killing: effect of scriptural violence on aggression.

    PubMed

    Bushman, Brad J; Ridge, Robert D; Das, Enny; Key, Colin W; Busath, Gregory L

    2007-03-01

    Violent people often claim that God sanctions their actions. In two studies, participants read a violent passage said to come from either the Bible or an ancient scroll. For half the participants, the passage said that God sanctioned the violence. Next, participants competed with an ostensible partner on a task in which the winner could blast the loser with loud noise through headphones (the aggression measure). Study 1 involved Brigham Young University students; 99% believed in God and in the Bible. Study 2 involved Vrije Universiteit-Amsterdam students; 50% believed in God, and 27% believed in the Bible. In Study 1, aggression increased when the passage was from the Bible or mentioned God. In Study 2, aggression increased when the passage mentioned God, especially among participants who believed in God and in the Bible. These results suggest that scriptural violence sanctioned by God can increase aggression, especially in believers.

  14. Sanctions for ethics violations: does licensure of socioeconomic status matter?

    PubMed

    Richards, Karlotta A; Noblin, Charles D

    1999-01-01

    Although sexual relationships between therapists and their clients are unethical, such beahviors still occur. This study investigated whether psychologists with applied versus nonapplied training differed in the severity of sanctions advocated for psychologists charged with sexual ethical violations toward high- or low-socioeconomic status victims. Licensed and Nonlicensed psychologists (N=48) viewed a 15-min videotape simulating the adjudication process about an alleged sexual involvement between client and psychologist, then prescribed either: Dismissal of Charges, Educative Advisory, Educative Warning, Reprimand, Censure, Stipulated Resignation, Permitted Resignation, or Expulsion. The alleged victim was described as a college professor of home economics or a hairdresser. Licensed psychologists chose more severe sanctions ("Stipulated or Permitted Resignation") than did Nonlicensed psychologists ("Censure"). Socioeconomic status made no significant difference in sanctions. Apparently, applied therapy training results in more severe judgements toward those who violate American Psychological Association ethical guidelines than other types of psychology training.

  15. 42 CFR 438.710 - Due process: Notice of sanction and pre-termination hearing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS MANAGED CARE Sanctions § 438.710 Due... nature of the sanction. (2) Any other due process protections that the State elects to provide. (b)...

  16. 28 CFR 115.276 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Disciplinary sanctions for staff. 115.276 Section 115.276 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Community Confinement Facilities Discipline § 115.276...

  17. 28 CFR 115.276 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Disciplinary sanctions for staff. 115.276 Section 115.276 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Community Confinement Facilities Discipline § 115.276...

  18. 28 CFR 115.276 - Disciplinary sanctions for staff.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Disciplinary sanctions for staff. 115.276 Section 115.276 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) PRISON RAPE ELIMINATION ACT NATIONAL STANDARDS Standards for Community Confinement Facilities Discipline § 115.276...

  19. Rethinking mutualism stability: cheaters and the evolution of sanctions.

    PubMed

    Frederickson, Megan E

    2013-12-01

    How cooperation originates and persists in diverse species, from bacteria to multicellular organisms to human societies, is a major question in evolutionary biology. A large literature asks: what prevents selection for cheating within cooperative lineages? In mutualisms, or cooperative interactions between species, feedback between partners often aligns their fitness interests, such that cooperative symbionts receive more benefits from their hosts than uncooperative symbionts. But how do these feedbacks evolve? Cheaters might invade symbiont populations and select for hosts that preferentially reward or associate with cooperators (often termed sanctions or partner choice); hosts might adapt to variation in symbiont quality that does not amount to cheating (e.g., environmental variation); or conditional host responses might exist before cheaters do, making mutualisms stable from the outset. I review evidence from yucca-yucca moth, fig-fig wasp, and legume-rhizobium mutualisms, which are commonly cited as mutualisms stabilized by sanctions. Based on the empirical evidence, it is doubtful that cheaters select for host sanctions in these systems; cheaters are too uncommon. Recognizing that sanctions likely evolved for functions other than retaliation against cheaters offers many insights about mutualism coevolution, and about why mutualism evolves in only some lineages of potential hosts.

  20. 24 CFR 92.618 - Performance reviews and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Performance reviews and sanctions. 92.618 Section 92.618 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM American Dream Downpayment Initiative §...

  1. 24 CFR 92.618 - Performance reviews and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Performance reviews and sanctions. 92.618 Section 92.618 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM American Dream Downpayment Initiative §...

  2. 24 CFR 92.618 - Performance reviews and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Performance reviews and sanctions. 92.618 Section 92.618 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM American Dream Downpayment Initiative §...

  3. 24 CFR 92.618 - Performance reviews and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Performance reviews and sanctions. 92.618 Section 92.618 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM American Dream Downpayment Initiative §...

  4. 24 CFR 92.618 - Performance reviews and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Performance reviews and sanctions. 92.618 Section 92.618 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM American Dream Downpayment Initiative §...

  5. 42 CFR 403.820 - Sanctions, penalties, and termination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... requirements of the program, CMS may impose civil monetary penalties in accordance with 42 CFR parts 1003 and... sponsor's cost structure (including material changes to any discounts, rebates, or other price concessions... basis for imposing the sanction has been corrected and is not likely to recur. (b) Civil...

  6. 42 CFR 403.820 - Sanctions, penalties, and termination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... requirements of the program, CMS may impose civil monetary penalties in accordance with 42 CFR parts 1003 and... sponsor's cost structure (including material changes to any discounts, rebates, or other price concessions... basis for imposing the sanction has been corrected and is not likely to recur. (b) Civil...

  7. 40 CFR 70.10 - Federal oversight and sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 15 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Federal oversight and sanctions. 70.10 Section 70.10 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS... failure to issue permits; (B) Repeated issuance of permits that do not conform to the requirements of...

  8. 12 CFR 1806.300 - Award Agreement; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 1806.300 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE... Program Award funds for Qualified Activities. (b) Sanctions. In the event of any fraud, misrepresentation... Financial Institutions Program, the Fund may, in its sole discretion, reject an application for or...

  9. Cohort Default Rates: Predicting the Probability of Federal Sanctions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hillman, Nicholas W.

    2015-01-01

    This study examines the institutional factors associated with student loan default. When a college has more than 30% of its students default on their loans, then the institution faces federal sanctions that could make them ineligible from participating in the federal student loan program. Using Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System…

  10. 28 CFR 28.28 - Sanctions for violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Sanctions for violations. 28.28 Section 28.28 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DNA IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM Preservation of... evidence from being subjected to DNA testing or prevent the production or use of that evidence in...

  11. 28 CFR 28.28 - Sanctions for violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sanctions for violations. 28.28 Section 28.28 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DNA IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM Preservation of... evidence from being subjected to DNA testing or prevent the production or use of that evidence in...

  12. 28 CFR 28.28 - Sanctions for violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Sanctions for violations. 28.28 Section 28.28 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DNA IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM Preservation of... evidence from being subjected to DNA testing or prevent the production or use of that evidence in...

  13. 28 CFR 28.28 - Sanctions for violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Sanctions for violations. 28.28 Section 28.28 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DNA IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM Preservation of... evidence from being subjected to DNA testing or prevent the production or use of that evidence in...

  14. 28 CFR 28.28 - Sanctions for violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Sanctions for violations. 28.28 Section 28.28 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DNA IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM Preservation of... evidence from being subjected to DNA testing or prevent the production or use of that evidence in...

  15. 5 CFR 950.605 - Sanctions compliance certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... PRIVATE VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS Miscellaneous Provisions § 950.605 Sanctions compliance certification. Each federation, federation member and unaffiliated organization applying for participation in the CFC... the U.S. Department of the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC). Should any change...

  16. 24 CFR 200.1500 - Sanctions against a MAP lender.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... of 2 CFR part 2424 to participants in loan transactions other than FHA-insured lenders. The Mortgagee Review Board procedures are found at 24 CFR part 25. ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sanctions against a MAP lender....

  17. 12 CFR 1806.300 - Award Agreement; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 1806.300 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE... Program Award funds for Qualified Activities. (b) Sanctions. In the event of any fraud, misrepresentation... Financial Institutions Program, the Fund may, in its sole discretion, reject an application for or...

  18. 12 CFR 1806.300 - Award Agreement; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 1806.300 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE... Program Award funds for Qualified Activities. (b) Sanctions. In the event of any fraud, misrepresentation... Financial Institutions Program, the Fund may, in its sole discretion, reject an application for or...

  19. 12 CFR 1806.300 - Award Agreement; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 1806.300 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE... Program Award funds for Qualified Activities. (b) Sanctions. In the event of any fraud, misrepresentation... Financial Institutions Program, the Fund may, in its sole discretion, reject an application for or...

  20. 24 CFR 266.125 - Scope and nature of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... mortgagee approval be withdrawn pursuant to 24 CFR part 25 and/or that penalties be imposed pursuant to 24 CFR part 30; (7) Require additional financial or other reports as may be necessary to monitor the... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Scope and nature of sanctions....

  1. 24 CFR 266.125 - Scope and nature of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... mortgagee approval be withdrawn pursuant to 24 CFR part 25 and/or that penalties be imposed pursuant to 24 CFR part 30; (7) Require additional financial or other reports as may be necessary to monitor the... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Scope and nature of sanctions....

  2. 24 CFR 266.125 - Scope and nature of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... mortgagee approval be withdrawn pursuant to 24 CFR part 25 and/or that penalties be imposed pursuant to 24 CFR part 30; (7) Require additional financial or other reports as may be necessary to monitor the... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Scope and nature of sanctions....

  3. 24 CFR 266.125 - Scope and nature of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... mortgagee approval be withdrawn pursuant to 24 CFR part 25 and/or that penalties be imposed pursuant to 24 CFR part 30; (7) Require additional financial or other reports as may be necessary to monitor the... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Scope and nature of sanctions....

  4. 28 CFR 20.38 - Sanction for noncompliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 20.38 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.38 Sanction for noncompliance. Access to systems managed or maintained by the FBI is subject to cancellation in regard to any agency or entity...

  5. 28 CFR 20.38 - Sanction for noncompliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 20.38 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.38 Sanction for noncompliance. Access to systems managed or maintained by the FBI is subject to cancellation in regard to any agency or entity...

  6. 28 CFR 20.38 - Sanction for noncompliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 20.38 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.38 Sanction for noncompliance. Access to systems managed or maintained by the FBI is subject to cancellation in regard to any agency or entity...

  7. 28 CFR 20.38 - Sanction for noncompliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 20.38 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.38 Sanction for noncompliance. Access to systems managed or maintained by the FBI is subject to cancellation in regard to any agency or entity...

  8. Disciplinary versus Academic Sanctions in Higher Education: A Doomed Dichotomy?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dutile, Fernand N.

    2003-01-01

    Explains that courts have generally subjected disciplinary action to procedural due process under the Fourteenth Amendment, while academic sanctions have garnered greater deference. Examines the judicial history of this dual track, establishes the difficulty of characterizing as either disciplinary or academic the countless situations reflecting…

  9. 12 CFR 308.135 - Grounds for imposition of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grounds for imposition of sanctions. 308.135 Section 308.135 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE... Securities Dealers or Persons Associated With Them and Clearing Agencies or Transfer Agents § 308.135...

  10. 42 CFR 438.700 - Basis for imposition of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Basis for imposition of sanctions. 438.700 Section 438.700 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... among enrollees on the basis of their health status or need for health care services. This...

  11. 42 CFR 403.820 - Sanctions, penalties, and termination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... in accordance with 42 CFR parts 1003 and 1005 in addition to, or in place of, sanctions that CMS may... requirements of the program, CMS may impose civil monetary penalties in accordance with 42 CFR parts 1003 and... to comply with HIPAA and/or the standards, implementation specifications, and requirements in 45...

  12. 41 CFR 60-741.66 - Sanctions and penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Sanctions and penalties. 60-741.66 Section 60-741.66 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to... REGARDING INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES General Enforcement and Complaint Procedures § 60-741.66...

  13. 12 CFR 1805.802 - Assistance Agreement; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Assistance Agreement; sanctions. 1805.802 Section 1805.802 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE... institution by that agency; (3) Proposes a comparable alternative action; and (4) Specifically explains:...

  14. 42 CFR 457.935 - Sanctions and related penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS (SCHIPs) ALLOTMENTS AND GRANTS TO STATES... item or service furnished, ordered, or prescribed under a separate child health program to any provider... 42 Public Health 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Sanctions and related penalties. 457.935...

  15. 42 CFR 457.935 - Sanctions and related penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS (SCHIPs) ALLOTMENTS AND GRANTS TO STATES... item or service furnished, ordered, or prescribed under a separate child health program to any provider... 42 Public Health 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Sanctions and related penalties. 457.935...

  16. 42 CFR 457.935 - Sanctions and related penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS (SCHIPs) ALLOTMENTS AND GRANTS TO STATES... item or service furnished, ordered, or prescribed under a separate child health program to any provider... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Sanctions and related penalties. 457.935...

  17. 24 CFR 266.125 - Scope and nature of sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... mortgagee approval be withdrawn pursuant to 24 CFR part 25 and/or that penalties be imposed pursuant to 24 CFR part 30; (7) Require additional financial or other reports as may be necessary to monitor the... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Scope and nature of sanctions....

  18. 42 CFR 422.752 - Basis for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... money penalties. 422.752 Section 422.752 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... Sanctions § 422.752 Basis for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a) All... sanctions at 422.750(a)(1) and (a)(3). (c) Civil Money Penalties. (1) CMS. In addition to, or in place...

  19. 15 CFR 904.301 - Bases for permit sanctions or denials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Bases for permit sanctions or denials... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials General § 904.301 Bases for permit sanctions or denials. (a) Unless... under this subpart with respect to any permit issued under the statutes cited in § 904.1(c). The...

  20. 15 CFR 904.301 - Bases for permit sanctions or denials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Bases for permit sanctions or denials... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials General § 904.301 Bases for permit sanctions or denials. (a) Unless... under this subpart with respect to any permit issued under the statutes cited in § 904.1(c). The...

  1. 15 CFR 904.301 - Bases for permit sanctions or denials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Bases for permit sanctions or denials... PROCEDURES Permit Sanctions and Denials General § 904.301 Bases for permit sanctions or denials. (a) Unless... under this subpart with respect to any permit issued under the statutes cited in § 904.1(c). The...

  2. 3 CFR - Delegation of Certain Functions and Authorities Under the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Under the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 Presidential... Authorities Under the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 Memorandum for... Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (CISADA) (Public Law 111-195))...

  3. What Deters Crime? Comparing the Effectiveness of Legal, Social, and Internal Sanctions Across Countries

    PubMed Central

    Mann, Heather; Garcia-Rada, Ximena; Hornuf, Lars; Tafurt, Juan

    2016-01-01

    The question of what deters crime is of both theoretical and practical interest. The present paper focuses on what factors deter minor, non-violent crimes, i.e., dishonest actions that violate the law. Much research has been devoted to testing the effectiveness of legal sanctions on crime, while newer models also include social sanctions (judgment of friends or family) and internal sanctions (feelings of guilt). Existing research suggests that both internal sanctions and, to a lesser extent, legal sanctions deter crime, but it is unclear whether this pattern is unique to Western countries or robust across cultures. We administered a survey study to participants in China, Colombia, Germany, Portugal, and USA, five countries from distinct cultural regions of the world. Participants were asked to report the likelihood of engaging in seven dishonest and illegal actions, and were asked to indicate the probability and severity of consequences for legal, friend, family, and internal sanctions. Results indicated that across countries, internal sanctions had the strongest deterrent effects on crime. The deterrent effects of legal sanctions were weaker and varied across countries. Furthermore, the deterrent effects of legal sanctions were strongest when internal sanctions were lax. Unexpectedly, social sanctions were positively related to likelihood of engaging in crime. Taken together, these results suggest that the relative strengths of legal and internal sanctions are robust across cultures and dishonest actions. PMID:26903898

  4. 42 CFR 460.40 - Violations for which CMS may impose sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Violations for which CMS may impose sanctions. 460... for which CMS may impose sanctions. In addition to other remedies authorized by law, CMS may impose any of the sanctions specified in §§ 460.42 and 460.46 if CMS determines that a PACE...

  5. 42 CFR 460.40 - Violations for which CMS may impose sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Violations for which CMS may impose sanctions. 460... for which CMS may impose sanctions. In addition to other remedies authorized by law, CMS may impose any of the sanctions specified in §§ 460.42 and 460.46 if CMS determines that a PACE...

  6. 42 CFR 422.752 - Basis for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... money penalties. 422.752 Section 422.752 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... Intermediate Sanctions § 422.752 Basis for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a) All... Money Penalties. (1) CMS. In addition to, or in place of, any intermediate sanctions, CMS may...

  7. 42 CFR 423.750 - Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money... BENEFIT Intermediate Sanctions § 423.750 Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a... Medicare beneficiaries by a Part D plan sponsor. (b) CMS may impose civil money penalties as specified...

  8. 42 CFR 422.750 - Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money... Intermediate Sanctions § 422.750 Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a) The following... organization. (b) CMS may impose civil money penalties as specified in 422.760....

  9. 49 CFR 386.84 - Sanction for failure to pay civil penalties or abide by payment plan; suspension or revocation of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Sanction for failure to pay civil penalties or abide by payment plan; suspension or revocation of registration. 386.84 Section 386.84 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL...

  10. 12 CFR 369.5 - Sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY PROHIBITION... the FDIC determines that a bank is not reasonably helping to meet the credit needs of the communities... FDIC, after an opportunity for public comment, that the bank has an acceptable plan under which...

  11. Psychiatric disorders, spouse abuse and child abuse.

    PubMed

    Bland, R C; Orn, H

    1986-01-01

    The results of 2000 standardized psychiatric diagnostic interviews of randomly selected adult household residents of Edmonton showed that having had any psychiatric diagnosis increased the risk for being involved in spouse and child abuse, particularly for those with alcohol abuse/dependence plus anti-social personality or depression. Altogether 56% of spouse abusers and 69% of child abusers had a lifetime psychiatric diagnosis.

  12. Domestic and institutional elder abuse legislation.

    PubMed

    Daly, Jeanette M

    2011-12-01

    Statutes pertinent to elder abuse vary widely. This article provides examples of organizational structure, dependency and age of the victim, definitions of abuse, classification of penalties, and investigation processes. Health care providers must learn their state's elder abuse laws and review any operating manuals produced from the statutes or regulations. All health care workers must know and implement the law to protect the welfare of older persons. PMID:22055906

  13. Domestic and institutional elder abuse legislation.

    PubMed

    Daly, Jeanette M

    2011-12-01

    Statutes pertinent to elder abuse vary widely. This article provides examples of organizational structure, dependency and age of the victim, definitions of abuse, classification of penalties, and investigation processes. Health care providers must learn their state's elder abuse laws and review any operating manuals produced from the statutes or regulations. All health care workers must know and implement the law to protect the welfare of older persons.

  14. Sanctions and recidivism: an evaluation of physician discipline by state medical boards.

    PubMed

    Grant, Darren; Alfred, Kelly C

    2007-10-01

    This article descriptively assesses how physicians are disciplined by state medical boards throughout the United States, drawing on a nationwide database of sanctions delivered during the period 1994-2002. We identify the frequency and severity of disciplinary actions, the offenses leading to actions, and the degree to which sanctioned physicians are subsequently sanctioned again in the future. The most significant finding is that there are a very large number of repeat offenders among physicians who have received board sanctions, indicating a possible need for greater monitoring of disciplined physicians or less reliance upon rehabilitative sanctions.

  15. Sanctions and recidivism: an evaluation of physician discipline by state medical boards.

    PubMed

    Grant, Darren; Alfred, Kelly C

    2007-10-01

    This article descriptively assesses how physicians are disciplined by state medical boards throughout the United States, drawing on a nationwide database of sanctions delivered during the period 1994-2002. We identify the frequency and severity of disciplinary actions, the offenses leading to actions, and the degree to which sanctioned physicians are subsequently sanctioned again in the future. The most significant finding is that there are a very large number of repeat offenders among physicians who have received board sanctions, indicating a possible need for greater monitoring of disciplined physicians or less reliance upon rehabilitative sanctions. PMID:17855720

  16. The Liability of Colleges and Universities for Fraud, Waste, and Abuse in Federally Funded Grants and Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gordon, Steven D.

    1996-01-01

    The federal government's war on fraud, waste, and abuse in expenditure of federal funds has reached college campuses. Institutions that fail to heed this development are vulnerable to harsh sanctions. They must tighten accounting practices and recognize their liability for fraudulent practices of faculty and students. Internal investigations and…

  17. 42 CFR 457.935 - Sanctions and related penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS (SCHIPs) ALLOTMENTS AND GRANTS TO STATES... care providers, suppliers, and practitioners under the health care fraud and abuse data...

  18. 42 CFR 457.935 - Sanctions and related penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SERVICES (CONTINUED) STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS (SCHIPs) ALLOTMENTS AND GRANTS TO STATES... care providers, suppliers, and practitioners under the health care fraud and abuse data...

  19. Child Abuse: Definition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Timothy L.-Y.

    The purpose of this paper was to elaborate on the definitions of child abuse in order to improve the understanding of child abuse. The definitions given by the U.S. House Joint Committee on Child Abuse in the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act, and in research by Holden (1984), are cited. These definitions refer to the nature of abusive acts…

  20. Regulatory Organizations for Physicians’ Status and Administrative Sanctions on Physicians

    PubMed Central

    MORIOKA, Yasuhiko; HIGUCHI, Norio; KUROYANAGI, Tatsuo; NUDESHIMA, Jiro

    2014-01-01

    Society bestows professional privilege on physicians. At the same time, it expects physicians to strive constantly to improve their ethics and quality in medical expertise. In every nation, some level of government is responsible for certifying or licensing physicians and imposes strict management, including revoking licenses from inappropriate physicians or providing severe sanctions for misconduct or conduct unbecoming of a physician. In reality, however, it is difficult to reduce the number of inappropriate or indiscreet physicians, and each nation faces its own challenges. We conducted a questionnaire survey of 13 national medical associations, including some major Western countries, regarding the licensing of physicians, the organizations managing their medical practice status, and the data and grounds for administrative sanctioning of physicians. We then examined the circumstances in Japan based on the survey results and pointed out the domestic issues. PMID:25784827

  1. Case Study of a California High School under Academic Sanctions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beam, Eric Adam

    2008-01-01

    This study is a mixed-methods case study of Antelope Valley High School (AVHS). AVHS was one of the first six schools in California to receive academic sanctions since the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. It was also the first high school to receive a State Trustee who was embedded at the school every day for two school years. AVHS…

  2. Sanctioned social violence: a psychoanalytic view. Part II.

    PubMed

    Kernberg, Otto F

    2003-08-01

    This paper is the second in a series of two papers. In Part I, the first paper, the author reviewed the influence on the development of socially sanctioned violence of psychodynamics of group psychology and mass psychology, the regressive pull of ideologies, personality features of social and political leadership, and historical trauma and social crises. In this Part II, the author explores, from a psychoanalytic perspective, the dehumanization processes related to fundamentalist ideologies and terrorism.

  3. Syria: effects of conflict and sanctions on public health.

    PubMed

    Sen, Kasturi; Al-Faisal, Waleed; AlSaleh, Yaser

    2013-06-01

    The past 18 months have witnessed considerable turmoil in countries of the MENA region. The Syrian Arab Republic (SAR) is one such country, currently in the midst of a civil war. This report draws attention to some of the recent achievements of its health services, where, despite a dearth of published materials, the country achieved remarkable declines in maternal mortality and infant mortality rates. Its health sector now faces destruction from on-going violence compounded by economic sanctions that has affected access to health care, to medicines and to basic essentials as well as the destruction of infrastructure. This paper draws attention to the achievements of the country's health services and explores some of the consequences of conflict and of sanctions on population health. Readers need to be mindful that the situation on the ground in a civil war can alter on a daily basis. This is the case for Syria with much destruction of health facilities and increasing numbers of people killed and injured. We retain however our focus on the core theme of this paper which is on conflict and on sanctions.

  4. Syria: effects of conflict and sanctions on public health.

    PubMed

    Sen, Kasturi; Al-Faisal, Waleed; AlSaleh, Yaser

    2013-06-01

    The past 18 months have witnessed considerable turmoil in countries of the MENA region. The Syrian Arab Republic (SAR) is one such country, currently in the midst of a civil war. This report draws attention to some of the recent achievements of its health services, where, despite a dearth of published materials, the country achieved remarkable declines in maternal mortality and infant mortality rates. Its health sector now faces destruction from on-going violence compounded by economic sanctions that has affected access to health care, to medicines and to basic essentials as well as the destruction of infrastructure. This paper draws attention to the achievements of the country's health services and explores some of the consequences of conflict and of sanctions on population health. Readers need to be mindful that the situation on the ground in a civil war can alter on a daily basis. This is the case for Syria with much destruction of health facilities and increasing numbers of people killed and injured. We retain however our focus on the core theme of this paper which is on conflict and on sanctions. PMID:23179240

  5. 31 CFR 586.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... YUGOSLAVIA (SERBIA & MONTENEGRO) KOSOVO SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 586.101 Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. (a) This part is separate from, and... applicable laws or regulations....

  6. 75 FR 10997 - Cuban Assets Control Regulations; Sudanese Sanctions Regulations; Iranian Transactions Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-10

    ... With Respect to Iran'') (62 FR 44531, August 21, 1997), generally preclude OFAC from authorizing...-277, 112 Stat. 2681; Pub. L. 111- 8, 123 Stat. 524; E.O. 9193, 7 FR 5205, 3 CFR, 1938-1943 Comp., p. 1174; E.O. 9989, 13 FR 4891, 3 CFR, 1943-1948 Comp., p. 748; Proc. 3447, 27 FR 1085, 3 CFR,...

  7. Estimating Local Child Abuse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ards, Sheila

    1989-01-01

    Three conceptual approaches to estimating local child abuse rates using the National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect data set are evaluated. All three approaches yield estimates of actual abuse cases that exceed the number of reported cases. (SLD)

  8. Child Sexual Abuse

    MedlinePlus

    ... victim of prolonged sexual abuse usually develops low self-esteem, a feeling of worthlessness and an abnormal or ... can help abused children regain a sense of self-esteem, cope with feelings of guilt about the abuse, ...

  9. How to Handle Abuse

    MedlinePlus

    ... them. Another word for hurting someone is "abuse." Child abuse (say: ah-BYOOS) can affect all kinds of ... a babysitter, teacher, coach, or a bigger kid. Child abuse can happen anywhere — at home, school, childcare, or ...

  10. A multi-site study of the use of sanctions and incentives in mental health courts.

    PubMed

    Callahan, Lisa; Steadman, Henry J; Tillman, Sheila; Vesselinov, Roumen

    2013-02-01

    Mental health courts (MHCs) have become widespread in the United States as a form of diversion for justice-involved individuals with mental illness. Sanctions and incentives are considered crucial to the functioning of MHCs and drug courts, yet with little empirical guidance to support or refute their use, and there are no definitions of what they are. The use of sanctions and to a lesser degree incentives is the focus of this article, with particular emphasis on jail sanctions. Subjects are participants (n = 447) in four MHCs across the United States. Results show that jail sanctions are used in three of four MHCs, and other sanctions are similarly used across the four MHCs. Participants charged with "person crimes" are the least likely to receive any sanctions, including jail, whereas those charged with drug offenses are most often sanctioned. The factors associated with receiving a jail sanction are recent drug use, substance use diagnosis, and drug arrests; being viewed as less compliant with court conditions, receiving more bench warrants, and having more in-custody hearings; and MHC program termination. No personal characteristics are related to receiving sanctions. Knowing which MHC participants are more likely to follow court orders and avoid sanctions, and identifying those who have difficulty adhering to court conditions, can help guide court officials on adjusting supervision, perhaps avoiding reoffending and program failure.

  11. Involvement of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2)-p53-p21 axis in mediating neural stem/progenitor cell cycle arrest in co-morbid HIV-drug abuse exposure.

    PubMed

    Malik, Shaily; Saha, Rinki; Seth, Pankaj

    2014-06-01

    Neurological complications in opioid abusing Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) patients suggest enhanced neurodegeneration as compared to non-drug abusing HIV-1 infected population. Neural precursor cells (NPCs), the multipotent cells of the mammalian brain, are susceptible to HIV-1 infection and as opiates also perturb their growth kinetics, detailed mechanistic studies for their co-morbid exposure are highly warranted. Using a well characterized in vitro model of human fetal brain-derived neural precursor cells, we investigated alterations in NPC properties at both acute and chronic durations. Chronic morphine and Tat treatment attenuated proliferation in NPCs, with cells stalled at G1-phase of the cell cycle. Furthermore HIV-Tat and morphine exposure increased activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1/2 (ERK1/2), enhanced levels of p53 and p21, and decreased cyclin D1 and Akt levels in NPCs. Regulated by ERK1/2 and p53, p21 was found to be indispensible for Tat and morphine mediated cell cycle arrest. Our study elaborates on the cellular and molecular machinery in NPCs and provides significant mechanistic details into HIV-drug abuse co-morbidity that may have far reaching clinical consequences both in pediatric as well as adult neuroAIDS.

  12. 42 CFR 495.368 - Combating fraud and abuse.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION STANDARDS FOR THE ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORD TECHNOLOGY INCENTIVE... laws and regulations designed to prevent fraud, waste, and abuse, including, but not limited...

  13. 42 CFR 495.368 - Combating fraud and abuse.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION STANDARDS FOR THE ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORD TECHNOLOGY INCENTIVE... laws and regulations designed to prevent fraud, waste, and abuse, including, but not limited...

  14. Parent Abuse: A Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennair, Nicola; Mellor, David

    2007-01-01

    A recent focus of research and clinical practice has been on the issue of abuse of parents by their children (parent abuse). This paper reviews the literature on this phenomenon. While parent abuse falls under the umbrella of family violence, it appears to be qualitatively different from other forms of intra-family abuse. Research has primarily…

  15. Counseling Abused Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McFadden, Emily Jean

    This guide on counseling abused children was written to help counselors meet the needs of children and adolescents and to provide ways of working with the child's family. Chapter 1 presents an overview of child maltreatment by identifying types of maltreatment (neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse and exploitation, and emotional abuse or neglect)…

  16. 28 CFR 115.78 - Disciplinary sanctions for inmates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... disciplinary process shall consider whether an inmate's mental disabilities or mental illness contributed to... activity to constitute sexual abuse if it determines that the activity is not coerced. Medical and...

  17. 28 CFR 115.78 - Disciplinary sanctions for inmates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... disciplinary process shall consider whether an inmate's mental disabilities or mental illness contributed to... activity to constitute sexual abuse if it determines that the activity is not coerced. Medical and...

  18. 28 CFR 115.78 - Disciplinary sanctions for inmates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... disciplinary process shall consider whether an inmate's mental disabilities or mental illness contributed to... activity to constitute sexual abuse if it determines that the activity is not coerced. Medical and...

  19. Healthcare under sanctions in Iraq: an elective experience.

    PubMed

    Akunjee, Muhammed; Ali, Asif

    2002-01-01

    As a consequence of the 1991 Gulf War and the ensuing UN sanctions, not only was the Iraqi government destroyed, but also the general infrastructure of the country was disrupted, with the civilian population and public services bearing much of the aftermath. Ten years after the war, the health system in Iraq is still in a perilous situation. The effects of sanctions have affected almost every aspect of medical care. There has been a mass exodus of health care professionals, many of whom were foreign nationals. Doctors' salaries fell rapidly to only $30 a month, barely enough to buy the necessities of daily living. Iraqi hospitals have no access to foreign journals, textbooks or the internet; leading to a generation of out-dated and under-skilled health professionals. Most worrying is the ever-present embargo on many essential medicines. Only one-third of the medicines are available for chemotherapy for the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia in children (UKALL 97 modified 99 protocol). At the Al-Mansour paediatric teaching hospital this shortfall has led to a substantial increase in childhood mortality, with disease-free survival rates falling to 25 per cent compared to 60 per cent in 1988. PMID:12201083

  20. 76 FR 58202 - TRICARE; TRICARE Sanction Authority for Third-Party Billing Agents

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-20

    ... of the Secretary 32 CFR Part 199 RIN 0720-AB49 TRICARE; TRICARE Sanction Authority for Third-Party... authority to sanction third-party billing agents by invoking the administrative remedy of exclusion or... on the part of third-party billing agents that prepare or submit claims presented to TRICARE...

  1. 42 CFR 422.750 - Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money... § 422.750 Types of intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a) The following intermediate... organization. (b) CMS may impose civil money penalties as specified in 422.760....

  2. 42 CFR 422.756 - Procedures for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... civil money penalties. 422.756 Section 422.756 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... Sanctions § 422.756 Procedures for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a) Notice of... money penalties—(1) CMS notice to OIG. If CMS determines that an MA organization has failed to...

  3. The Impact of War and Economic Sanction on the Incidence of Retinopathy of Prematurity in Serbia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mladenovich, Derek; Langeggen, Irene

    2009-01-01

    This study compared the distribution of various types of visual impairments among Serbian children who were born prior to the imposed economic sanctions and wars of the 1990s in the former Yugoslavia to that of children who were born during the years of economic sanctions and active war. (Contains 2 tables.)

  4. 77 FR 67726 - Department of State: State Department Sanctions Information and Guidance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-13

    ... in high-risk sectors should consider implementing enhanced due diligence in order to minimize the risks of inadvertently becoming engaged in a sanctionable transaction. This could include, but is not..., with respect to which the Secretary of State has imposed sanctions, from landing at a port in...

  5. 24 CFR 200.1530 - Bases for sanctioning a MAP lender.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Bases for sanctioning a MAP lender...): MAP Lender Quality Assurance Enforcement § 200.1530 Bases for sanctioning a MAP lender. It is HUD... under 2 CFR part 2424, or otherwise prohibited from participation in HUD programs, when the MAP...

  6. 24 CFR 200.1530 - Bases for sanctioning a MAP lender.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Bases for sanctioning a MAP lender...): MAP Lender Quality Assurance Enforcement § 200.1530 Bases for sanctioning a MAP lender. It is HUD... under 2 CFR part 2424, or otherwise prohibited from participation in HUD programs, when the MAP...

  7. 78 FR 41192 - Publication of General License Related to the Zimbabwe Sanctions Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-09

    ... Office of Foreign Assets Control Publication of General License Related to the Zimbabwe Sanctions Program... General License No. 1 issued under the Zimbabwe sanctions program on April 24, 2013. Zimbabwe General License No. 1 authorizes all transactions involving Agricultural Development Bank of Zimbabwe...

  8. Economic Sanctions, Military Activity, and Road Traffic Crashes in Vojvodina, Serbia

    PubMed Central

    Ðurić, Predrag; Peek-Asa, Corinne

    2008-01-01

    Objectives Political violence has not been examined as a risk factor for traumatic injuries from road traffic crashes. We identify trends in road traffic crashes related to war-related military activity and international economic sanctions in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, Serbia. Methods Overall road traffic crashes and crashes leading to hospitalization and fatality in Vojvodina, Serbia were examined from 1996 through 2001. Rates were calculated per 100,000 population and per 10,000 registered vehicles. Three time periods were examined: years with international sanctions and military activity; years with international sanctions but no military activity; and, years with neither sanctions nor military activity. Results Compared to the period with neither sanctions nor military activity, severe injury crashes were 1.23 times more frequent (95% CI = 1.19 – 1.27) during the period with sanctions and military activity and 1.21 times more frequent (95% CI= 1.16 – 1.27) during the period with sanctions but no military activity. Conclusions Our data suggest that vehicle travel became safer following the end of military action and economic sanctions. Road traffic safety needs to be a priority both during periods of political unrest and its recovery phase. PMID:19074242

  9. 78 FR 38097 - Publication of General License Related to the Syria Sanctions Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-25

    ... Office of Foreign Assets Control Publication of General License Related to the Syria Sanctions Program... General License No. 11A issued under the Syria sanctions program on June 12, 2013. General License No. 11A authorizes certain services in support of nongovernmental organizations' activities in Syria....

  10. 31 CFR 561.204 - Additional petroleum-related sanctions on certain foreign financial institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... more of the activities described in paragraph (b) of this section, the Secretary of the Treasury may... determination has been made. (b) Sanctionable activity. A foreign financial institution engages in an activity... activity. Sanctions will not be imposed under paragraph (a) of this section with respect to any...

  11. 31 CFR 561.204 - Additional petroleum-related sanctions on certain foreign financial institutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... more of the activities described in paragraph (b) of this section, the Secretary of the Treasury may... determination has been made. (b) Sanctionable activity. A foreign financial institution engages in an activity... activity. Sanctions will not be imposed under paragraph (a) of this section with respect to any...

  12. 75 FR 67025 - Delegation of Certain Functions and Authorities Under the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-01

    ... Register. (Presidential Sig.) THE WHITE HOUSE, WASHINGTON, September 23, 2010 [FR Doc. 2010-27679 Filed 10... Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 Memorandum for the Secretary of State... sections 4(c), 5(a), 5(b), 5(c), 5(f), 6(a)(1), 6(a)(2), 6(b)(5), and 9(c) of the Iran Sanctions Act...

  13. 42 CFR 423.756 - Procedures for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... civil money penalties. 423.756 Section 423.756 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Intermediate Sanctions § 423.756 Procedures for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil...

  14. 42 CFR 423.752 - Basis for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... money penalties. 423.752 Section 423.752 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Intermediate Sanctions § 423.752 Basis for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil...

  15. 42 CFR 488.446 - Administrator sanctions: long-term care facility closures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Administrator sanctions: long-term care facility... PROCEDURES Enforcement of Compliance for Long-Term Care Facilities with Deficiencies § 488.446 Administrator sanctions: long-term care facility closures. Any individual who is or was the administrator of a...

  16. 42 CFR 488.446 - Administrator sanctions: long-term care facility closures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Administrator sanctions: long-term care facility... PROCEDURES Enforcement of Compliance for Long-Term Care Facilities with Deficiencies § 488.446 Administrator sanctions: long-term care facility closures. Any individual who is or was the administrator of a...

  17. 42 CFR 488.446 - Administrator sanctions: long-term care facility closures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Administrator sanctions: long-term care facility... PROCEDURES Enforcement of Compliance for Long-Term Care Facilities with Deficiencies § 488.446 Administrator sanctions: long-term care facility closures. Any individual who is or was the administrator of a...

  18. 42 CFR 488.446 - Administrator sanctions: long-term care facility closures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Administrator sanctions: long-term care facility... PROCEDURES Enforcement of Compliance for Long-Term Care Facilities with Deficiencies § 488.446 Administrator sanctions: long-term care facility closures. Any individual who is or was the administrator of a...

  19. 16 CFR 1025.37 - Sanctions for failure to comply with discovery orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sanctions for failure to comply with discovery orders. 1025.37 Section 1025.37 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE PROCEEDINGS Discovery, Compulsory Process § 1025.37 Sanctions...

  20. 24 CFR 266.120 - Actions for which sanctions may be imposed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER.... Violations for which sanctions may be imposed include, but are not limited to: (a) Commission of fraud or... which sanctions may be imposed against the HFA by HUD's Mortgagee Review Board under 24 CFR 25.9....

  1. 42 CFR 422.756 - Procedures for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... civil money penalties. 422.756 Section 422.756 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... Intermediate Sanctions § 422.756 Procedures for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a... contract in accordance with § 422.510. (e) Notice to impose civil money penalties—(1) CMS notice to OIG....

  2. A Survival Time Analysis of Criminal Sanctions for Misdemeanor Offenders: A Case for Alternatives to Incarceration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wheeler, Gerald R; Hissong, Rodney V.

    1988-01-01

    A 3-year study of 505 misdemeanor offenders in Houston (Texas) was conducted to assess the feasibility of adopting a policy of sanctions alternative to prison sentences for this class of criminal. The most salient finding was the emergence of probation as a superior sanction. (TJH)

  3. School Social Workers Sanctioned by State Departments of Education and State Licensing Boards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boland-Prom, Kim; Alvarez, Michelle E.

    2014-01-01

    This article presents the results of a study on the unprofessional conduct of school social workers who have been sanctioned by state regulatory boards (boards of education and licensing boards). The data represent information from 14 states and the District of Columbia. Results indicate that school social workers are rarely sanctioned at the…

  4. 78 FR 53038 - Interim Final Determination to Stay and Defer Sanctions; California; San Joaquin Valley

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-28

    ..., 2011 (76 FR 69896), we published a partial approval and partial disapproval of the San Joaquin Valley... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Interim Final Determination to Stay and Defer Sanctions; California; San Joaquin... imposition of highway sanctions based on a proposed approval of revisions to the San Joaquin Valley...

  5. Confidentiality of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Patient Records. Participant Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coggins, Patrick C.; And Others

    This participant manual is designed to provide an overview of federal laws and regulations pertaining to the confidentiality of alcohol and drug abuse patient records. The relationship of federal laws to state laws and regulations is also discussed. The materials, useful for persons involved in the fields of substance abuse treatment or…

  6. Cough and Cold Medicine Abuse

    MedlinePlus

    ... and Cold Medicine Abuse DrugFacts: Cough and Cold Medicine Abuse Email Facebook Twitter Revised May 2014 Some ... diverted for abuse. How Are Cough and Cold Medicines Abused? Cough and cold medicines are usually consumed ...

  7. Sanctions and mutualism stability: why do rhizobia fix nitrogen?

    PubMed Central

    West, Stuart A; Kiers, E Toby; Simms, Ellen L; Denison, R Ford

    2002-01-01

    Why do rhizobia expend resources on fixing N(2) for the benefit of their host plant, when they could use those resources for their own reproduction? We present a series of theoretical models which counter the hypotheses that N(2) fixation is favoured because it (i) increases the exudation of useful resources to related rhizobia in the nearby soil, or (ii) increases plant growth and therefore the resources available for rhizobia growth. Instead, we suggest that appreciable levels of N(2) fixation are only favoured when plants preferentially supply more resources to (or are less likely to senesce) nodules that are fixing more N(2) (termed plant sanctions). The implications for different agricultural practices and mutualism stability in general are discussed. PMID:11934359

  8. 3 CFR 13628 - Executive Order 13628 of October 9, 2012. Authorizing the Implementation of Certain Sanctions Set...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    .... Authorizing the Implementation of Certain Sanctions Set Forth in the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human... Sanctions Set Forth in the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 and Additional Sanctions...), the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-158) (ITRSHRA),...

  9. Students and Drug Abuse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Todays Educ, 1969

    1969-01-01

    Introduction to "Students and Drug Abuse, prepared by the Public Information Branch and Center for Studies of Narcotic and Drug Abuse, National Institute of Mental Health, in cooperation with the staff of Today's Education.

  10. Cough & Cold Medicine Abuse

    MedlinePlus

    ... I Help a Friend Who Cuts? Cough & Cold Medicine Abuse KidsHealth > For Teens > Cough & Cold Medicine Abuse ... DXM Why Do People Use Cough and Cold Medicines to Get High? There's an ingredient in many ...

  11. Abuse during Pregnancy

    MedlinePlus

    ... depressed, eat unhealthy foods, or pick up bad habits such as smoking or drinking . An abusive partner may try to ... depressed, eat unhealthy foods, or pick up bad habits such as smoking or drinking . An abusive partner may try to ...

  12. Prescription Drug Abuse

    MedlinePlus

    ... what the doctor prescribed, it is called prescription drug abuse. It could be Taking a medicine that ... purpose, such as getting high Abusing some prescription drugs can lead to addiction. These include narcotic painkillers, ...

  13. Child Abuse: Educator's Responsibilities. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Office of the Attorney General, Sacramento. Crime Prevention Center.

    This document presents the educator with a guide to child abuse. A section defining child abuse examines the issues of physical abuse, physical neglect, sexual abuse, and emotional maltreatment. Areas discussed for these types of abuse include abuse indicators, location of injury, history, behavioral indicators, and types of injury. Incestuous and…

  14. Substance Abuse. Policy Statement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Collaboration for Youth, Washington, DC.

    This paper presents the policy statement on substance abuse from the National Collaboration for Youth (NCY). The policy statement section lists programs and activities supported by the NCY. A section on background includes a statement of the issue of substance abuse. Areas examined in this section include alcohol abuse and drunk driving among…

  15. Elder Abuse Awareness Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrow, Marilyn J.; Doyle, Kathleen

    The Elder Abuse Awareness Project was developed to determine the incidence of abuse and neglect of elderly people in several rural counties in central Illinois. A primary purpose of the study was to survey service providers as to their actual encounters with elder abuse and neglect. Each provider was asked about warning signs or cues that were…

  16. Child Abuse and Neglect.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Children's Centre, Paris (France).

    A series of four documents address the definition and identification of child abuse and neglect. In the first, which is designed for professionals, a historical review is followed by discussion of clinical and social evidence of abuse. Resources for managing child abuse are described, and personnel functions are outlined. The second document,…

  17. Dynamics of Parental Abuse

    PubMed Central

    Hardin, Eugene; Schlater, Theodore L.

    1987-01-01

    The dynamics of the various categories of parental abuse are examined with special emphasis on abuse by adult offspring living in the same household or adults acting as caretakers or legal guardians for their elderly parents. Society's role in the dynamics of parental abuse is examined.

  18. Do We Need Stronger Sanctions to Ensure Legal Compliance By Pharmaceutical Firms?

    PubMed

    Rodwin, Marc A

    2015-01-01

    The increasing number of enforcement lawsuits against pharmaceutical firms and the large size of settlement payments suggest that misconduct is widespread and even risks slipping into the banalities of ordinary business practices. It also raises questions as to whether current sanctions are an effective means to ensure compliance. This article explores the causes of the frequent illegal conduct, why prosecutors rarely use the strongest sanctions in their arsenal--criminal penalties and debarment from participation in public programs--and asks whether the use of the strongest sanctions would be desirable. Prosecutors might not use the strongest penalties available because of divided enforcement authority or because they prefer to seek monetary penalties to support their budgets. Moreover, strong sanctions might be perceived as imposing steep collateral damages on the-general public and being politically costly. If prosecutors are reluctant to impose the strongest possible sanctions, then policymakers need to develop alternative responses. One option is to create stronger economic penalties than the ones that currently exist. Corporations and their managers have incentives to increase their income, and their pursuit of profit sometimes leads these managers to violate the law. To deter illegal conduct, legislation typically allows courts to impose penalties--including fines and incarceration--on convicted individuals and firms. The increasing wide-scale illegal conduct by pharmaceutical firms and their employees over the last two decades prompts three questions. Are current sanctions sufficient? Are stronger sanctions and enforcement policy possible? If so, would they effectively deter harmful illegal conduct? PMID:26630824

  19. Economic sanctions as human rights violations: reconciling political and public health imperatives.

    PubMed Central

    Marks, S P

    1999-01-01

    The impact of economic sanctions on civilians has frequently been studied by public health specialists and specialized agencies of the United Nations (UN). This commentary explores some of the difficulties of the claim that sanctions constitute violations of human rights. The deprivation suffered by civilian populations under sanctions regimes often are violations of economic, social, and cultural human rights; however, the attribution of responsibility for those violations to the "senders" of sanctions (the UN Security Council or the US government, for example) is difficult to sustain, particularly in light of the efforts made by these entities to provide for humanitarian exemptions and humanitarian aid. A more productive approach to avoiding civilian harm is to prefer, as a matter of policy, arms embargoes, severing of communications, and international criminal prosecutions over trade embargoes. Promising recommendations have been formulated regarding "smart sanctions," which target regimes rather than people, and "positive sanctions" in the form of incentives. Health and human rights professionals have specific and important tasks in implementing such a restructured approach to sanctions. PMID:10511832

  20. Inhalant Abuse and Dextromethorphan.

    PubMed

    Storck, Michael; Black, Laura; Liddell, Morgan

    2016-07-01

    Inhalant abuse is the intentional inhalation of a volatile substance for the purpose of achieving an altered mental state. As an important, yet underrecognized form of substance abuse, inhalant abuse crosses all demographic, ethnic, and socioeconomic boundaries, causing significant morbidity and mortality in school-aged and older children. This review presents current perspectives on epidemiology, detection, and clinical challenges of inhalant abuse and offers advice regarding the medical and mental health providers' roles in the prevention and management of this substance abuse problem. Also discussed is the misuse of a specific "over-the-counter" dissociative, dextromethorphan. PMID:27338970

  1. 31 CFR 576.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... or regulations. Note to § 576.101: The Iraqi Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 575, have been removed from 31 CFR chapter V. ... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRAQ STABILIZATION...

  2. 31 CFR 576.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... or regulations. Note to § 576.101: The Iraqi Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 575, have been removed from 31 CFR chapter V. ... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRAQ STABILIZATION...

  3. 31 CFR 576.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... or regulations. Note to § 576.101: The Iraqi Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 575, have been removed from 31 CFR chapter V. ... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRAQ STABILIZATION...

  4. 31 CFR 576.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... or regulations. Note to § 576.101: The Iraqi Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 575, have been removed from 31 CFR chapter V. ... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRAQ STABILIZATION...

  5. Preventing and Recognizing Prescription Drug Abuse

    MedlinePlus

    ... Abuse » Preventing and recognizing prescription drug abuse Prescription Drug Abuse Email Facebook Twitter Preventing and recognizing prescription drug abuse To ensure proper medical care, patients should discuss ...

  6. 42 CFR 488.610 - Notice of appeal rights: Alternative sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Termination of Medicare Coverage and Alternative Sanctions for End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Facilities § 488... documentation to refute the finding of failure to participate in network activities and pursue network goals....

  7. 24 CFR 92.552 - Notice and opportunity for hearing; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Performance Reviews and Sanctions § 92... the funds in the participating jurisdiction's HOME Investment Trust Fund by the amount of any... the following: (i) Prevent withdrawals from the participating jurisdiction's HOME Investment...

  8. 24 CFR 92.552 - Notice and opportunity for hearing; sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Housing and Urban Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Performance Reviews and Sanctions § 92... the funds in the participating jurisdiction's HOME Investment Trust Fund by the amount of any... the following: (i) Prevent withdrawals from the participating jurisdiction's HOME Investment...

  9. Starvation of children in Syria--sanctions and the politics of revenge.

    PubMed

    Sen, Kasturi

    2014-01-01

    As Syria completes two years of western sanctions (2011-13), their dramatic effects on health are being highlighted with first reports of starvation deaths among children in the suburbs of Damascus. Although heavy fighting has taken place in this area, experts had predicted for some time the unworkability of sanctions for regime change, arguing that only civilians would pay the price in a country (Syria in this case) which was once well on the way to meeting the Millennium Development Goals 4 targets on reducing child mortality. In this, as in the case of other "sanctioned" countries, it is not just "civilians" but the most vulnerable among them--children, who are experiencing the tragic consequences of sanctions. PMID:24509114

  10. Starvation of children in Syria--sanctions and the politics of revenge.

    PubMed

    Sen, Kasturi

    2014-01-01

    As Syria completes two years of western sanctions (2011-13), their dramatic effects on health are being highlighted with first reports of starvation deaths among children in the suburbs of Damascus. Although heavy fighting has taken place in this area, experts had predicted for some time the unworkability of sanctions for regime change, arguing that only civilians would pay the price in a country (Syria in this case) which was once well on the way to meeting the Millennium Development Goals 4 targets on reducing child mortality. In this, as in the case of other "sanctioned" countries, it is not just "civilians" but the most vulnerable among them--children, who are experiencing the tragic consequences of sanctions.

  11. 42 CFR 488.608 - Notice of alternative sanction and appeal rights: Termination of coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... (ESRD) Facilities § 488.608 Notice of alternative sanction and appeal rights: Termination of coverage... of a supplier's ESRD services because the supplier no longer meets the conditions for coverage of...

  12. 42 CFR 488.608 - Notice of alternative sanction and appeal rights: Termination of coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... (ESRD) Facilities § 488.608 Notice of alternative sanction and appeal rights: Termination of coverage... of a supplier's ESRD services because the supplier no longer meets the conditions for coverage of...

  13. 42 CFR 488.608 - Notice of alternative sanction and appeal rights: Termination of coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... (ESRD) Facilities § 488.608 Notice of alternative sanction and appeal rights: Termination of coverage... of a supplier's ESRD services because the supplier no longer meets the conditions for coverage of...

  14. 42 CFR 488.608 - Notice of alternative sanction and appeal rights: Termination of coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... (ESRD) Facilities § 488.608 Notice of alternative sanction and appeal rights: Termination of coverage... of a supplier's ESRD services because the supplier no longer meets the conditions for coverage of...

  15. 42 CFR 488.608 - Notice of alternative sanction and appeal rights: Termination of coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... (ESRD) Facilities § 488.608 Notice of alternative sanction and appeal rights: Termination of coverage... of a supplier's ESRD services because the supplier no longer meets the conditions for coverage of...

  16. 49 CFR 511.37 - Sanctions for failure to comply with order.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ADJUDICATIVE PROCEDURES Discovery; Compulsory Process § 511.37 Sanctions for failure to comply with order. If a party fails to obey an order to...

  17. The social side of sanctions: personal and social norms as moderators of deterrence.

    PubMed

    Wenzel, Michael

    2004-10-01

    In a survey of Australian citizens (valid N = 1,406), personal and social norms were found to moderate effects of deterrence on tax evasion. Personal, internalized norms of tax honesty were negatively related to tax evasion and moderated the effects of deterrence variables (i.e., sanction severity), suggesting deterrence effects only when individual ethics were weak. Perceived social norms, beyond those internalized as personal norms, were not directly related to tax evasion but moderated the effects of sanction severity. Only when social norms were seen as strongly in favor of tax honesty was sanction severity negatively related to tax evasion. This result held only for respondents who did not identify strongly as Australians. Hence, when internalized, norms delimit effects of deterrence; when considered external to one's self norms boost deterrence effects, giving social meaning to formal sanctions.

  18. The social side of sanctions: personal and social norms as moderators of deterrence.

    PubMed

    Wenzel, Michael

    2004-10-01

    In a survey of Australian citizens (valid N = 1,406), personal and social norms were found to moderate effects of deterrence on tax evasion. Personal, internalized norms of tax honesty were negatively related to tax evasion and moderated the effects of deterrence variables (i.e., sanction severity), suggesting deterrence effects only when individual ethics were weak. Perceived social norms, beyond those internalized as personal norms, were not directly related to tax evasion but moderated the effects of sanction severity. Only when social norms were seen as strongly in favor of tax honesty was sanction severity negatively related to tax evasion. This result held only for respondents who did not identify strongly as Australians. Hence, when internalized, norms delimit effects of deterrence; when considered external to one's self norms boost deterrence effects, giving social meaning to formal sanctions. PMID:15638209

  19. 76 FR 68027 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Certification Requirement and Procurement Prohibition Relating to...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-02

    ... RIN 9000-AL71 Federal Acquisition Regulation; Certification Requirement and Procurement Prohibition... Sanctions Act of 1996 (the Iran Sanctions Act). Section 106 imposes a procurement prohibition relating to..., Procurement Analyst, at (202) 219-0202, for clarification of content. For information pertaining to status...

  20. Collateral sanctions for criminal convictions in the Medicare and Medicaid programs.

    PubMed

    Griffith, R A

    1990-01-01

    Under current federal and state laws, physicians convicted of Medicare and Medicaid program-related crimes face numerous possible sanctions that may be imposed in addition to the applicable criminal penalties. In this article, the author describes some of the collateral sanctions that physicians and their attorneys should be aware of in order to make informed decisions concerning the proper defense strategy in a criminal case.

  1. Discriminative host sanction together with relatedness promote the cooperation in fig/fig wasp mutualism.

    PubMed

    Wang, Rui-Wu; Sun, Bao-Fa; Yang, Yan

    2015-07-01

    Sanctioning or punishing is regarded as one of the most important dynamics in the evolution of cooperation. However, it has not been empirically examined yet whether or not such enforcement selection by sanctioning or punishing and classical theories like kin or reciprocity selection are separate mechanisms contributing to the evolution of cooperation. In addition, it remains largely unclear what factors determine the intensity or effectiveness of sanction. Here, we show that in the obligate, interspecific cooperation between figs and fig wasps, the hosted figs can discriminatively sanction cheating individuals by decreasing the offspring development ratio. Concurrently, the figs can reward the cooperative pollinators with a higher offspring development ratio. This sanction intensity and effectiveness largely depend on how closely the host and symbiont are related either in terms of reciprocity exchange or genetic similarity as measured by the reciprocal of the foundress number. Our results imply that in asymmetric systems, symbionts might be forced to evolve to be cooperative or even altruistic through discriminative sanction against the noncooperative symbiont and reward to the cooperative symbiont by the host (i.e. through a game of 'carrot and stick').

  2. Perceived Implementation of the Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services (OASAS) Tobacco-Free Regulation in NY State and Clinical Practice Behaviors to Support Tobacco Cessation: A Repeated Cross-Sectional Study

    PubMed Central

    de Tormes Eby, Lillian T.; Laschober, Tanja C.

    2013-01-01

    This study measured substance use disorder clinicians’ perceptions regarding the implementation extensiveness of the Office of Alcohol and Substance Abuse Services (OASAS) tobacco-free regulation, passed in New York State in July of 2008, at three time-points and across organizations with varying characteristics. Repeated cross-sectional data were collected from clinicians approximately 4 months pre-regulation (Time 0, N = 362), 10–12 months postregulation (Time 1, N = 462), and 20–24 months post-regulation (Time 2, N = 509). Clinician perceptions of implementation extensiveness (number of required policies in effect), use of tobacco cessation-related intake procedures, and use of guideline recommended counseling for treating tobacco dependence are significantly greater at Time 1 and Time 2 compared to Time 0. Additionally, differences are found in perceived implementation extensiveness based on hospital-based status, profit status, and level of care offered, although the pattern of effects differed some over the three time-points under investigation. PMID:23375360

  3. 22 CFR 40.67 - Student visa abusers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Student visa abusers. 40.67 Section 40.67 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE VISAS REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO BOTH NONIMMIGRANTS AND IMMIGRANTS... Student visa abusers. An alien ineligible under the provisions of INA 212(a)(6)(G) shall not be issued...

  4. What home healthcare nurses should know about fraud and abuse.

    PubMed

    Michael, Janet E

    2003-08-01

    Home care nurses provide a critical link in all services provided by a home health agency. This article outlines basic information nurses can use to understand fraud and abuse regulations, see the importance of corporate compliance programs, and recognize the potential impact a focus on fraud and abuse has on their practice.

  5. What home healthcare nurses should know about fraud and abuse.

    PubMed

    Michael, J E

    1999-09-01

    Home care nurses provide a critical linh in all services provided by a home health agency. This article outlines basic information nurses can use to understand fraud and abuse regulations, see the importance of corporate compliance programs, and recognize the potential impact a focus on fraud and abuse has on their practice.

  6. Institutional Abuse: Understanding Domination from the Inside Looking Out.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Jocelyn

    1995-01-01

    Applies a conceptual framework drawn from Max Weber's ideas of domination to examine the ways by which domination of child victims is created and maintained in cases of institutional abuse. Suggests that a solution is to regulate institutional abuse by written guidance on procedures, by frequent inspections, and through copious recommendations…

  7. Alternative drugs of abuse.

    PubMed

    Sutter, M E; Chenoweth, J; Albertson, T E

    2014-02-01

    The incidence of drug abuse with alternative agents is increasing. The term "alternative drugs of abuse" is a catch-all term for abused chemicals that do not fit into one of the classic categories of drugs of abuse. The most common age group abusing these agents range from 17 to 25 years old and are often associated with group settings. Due to their diverse pharmacological nature, legislative efforts to classify these chemicals as a schedule I drug have lagged behind the development of new alternative agents. The potential reason for abuse of these agents is their hallucinogenic, dissociative, stimulant, anti-muscarinic, or sedative properties. Some of these drugs are easily obtainable such as Datura stramonium (Jimson Weed) or Lophophora williamsii (Peyote) because they are natural plants indigenous to certain regions. The diverse pharmacology and clinical effects of these agents are so broad that they do not produce a universal constellation of signs and symptoms. Detailed physical exams are essential for identifying clues leading one to suspect an alternative drug of abuse. Testing for the presence of these agents is often limited, and even when available, the results do not return in a timely fashion. Intoxications from these agents pose unique challenges for health care providers. Physician knowledge of the physiological effects of these alternative agents and the local patterns of drug of abuse are important for the accurate diagnosis and optimal care of poisoned patients. This review summarizes the current knowledge of alternative drugs of abuse and highlights their clinical presentations. PMID:23636733

  8. [Sexual abuse of minors].

    PubMed

    Hayez, J Y

    1991-01-01

    The author gives a definition of sexual abuse on minors, emphasizing its more frequent occurrence inside the family (incest) than outside. He describes the countertransference reactions induced by this type of abuse, especially in professional teams who tend to put each other in a position of rivalry. Next, he sketches the pathogeny of sexual abuse, the clinical signs and the long term effects. The author deduces what should be the first signs of sexual abuse and proposes a pattern of diagnosis. Finally, he explains a management model, of the crisis and the follow-up of this difficult situation. PMID:1670411

  9. Elder physical abuse.

    PubMed

    Young, Lisa M

    2014-11-01

    Physical abuse of the elderly is a significant public health concern. The true prevalence of all types is unknown, and under-reporting is known to be significant. The geriatric population is projected to increase dramatically over the next 10 years, and the number of abused individuals is projected to increase also. It is critical that health care providers feel competent in addressing physical elder abuse. This article presents cases illustrating the variety of presenting symptoms that may be attributed to physical elder abuse.

  10. Alternative drugs of abuse.

    PubMed

    Sutter, M E; Chenoweth, J; Albertson, T E

    2014-02-01

    The incidence of drug abuse with alternative agents is increasing. The term "alternative drugs of abuse" is a catch-all term for abused chemicals that do not fit into one of the classic categories of drugs of abuse. The most common age group abusing these agents range from 17 to 25 years old and are often associated with group settings. Due to their diverse pharmacological nature, legislative efforts to classify these chemicals as a schedule I drug have lagged behind the development of new alternative agents. The potential reason for abuse of these agents is their hallucinogenic, dissociative, stimulant, anti-muscarinic, or sedative properties. Some of these drugs are easily obtainable such as Datura stramonium (Jimson Weed) or Lophophora williamsii (Peyote) because they are natural plants indigenous to certain regions. The diverse pharmacology and clinical effects of these agents are so broad that they do not produce a universal constellation of signs and symptoms. Detailed physical exams are essential for identifying clues leading one to suspect an alternative drug of abuse. Testing for the presence of these agents is often limited, and even when available, the results do not return in a timely fashion. Intoxications from these agents pose unique challenges for health care providers. Physician knowledge of the physiological effects of these alternative agents and the local patterns of drug of abuse are important for the accurate diagnosis and optimal care of poisoned patients. This review summarizes the current knowledge of alternative drugs of abuse and highlights their clinical presentations.

  11. 78 FR 22892 - National Institute on Drug Abuse; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-17

    ... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Institute on Drug Abuse; Notice of Closed Meeting... Committee: National Institute on Drug Abuse Special Emphasis Panel, Feedback-regulated Naloxone Delivery... Abuse, NIH, Room 4228, MSC 9550, 6001 Executive Blvd., Bethesda, MD 20892-9550, (301) 451-3086,...

  12. The complexities of anti-doping violations: a case study of sanctioned cases in all performance levels of USA cycling

    PubMed Central

    Henning, April D; Dimeo, Paul

    2015-01-01

    The use of banned substances and techniques in sport is regulated by anti-doping rules co-ordinated by the World Anti-Doping Agency. The purposes of these rules are to protect the health of the athlete, the level playing field and what WADA refers to as the spirit of sport. In this article, we review the known cases of sanctions in USA cycling since 2001. We show that the diversity of cases expands upon the simplistic, one-dimensional understanding of doping as risky and cheating. Contrary to this paradigm, we establish a typology of cases that challenges the one size fits all approach and, more specifically, we argue that WADA should develop new policies with independent standards for amateur and masters athletes. PMID:26688790

  13. Sexual abuse in children - what to know

    MedlinePlus

    Sexual abuse - children ... are sexually abused before they turn 18. Sexual abuse of children is any activity that the abuser ... or vagina Tongue kissing Oral sex Intercourse Sexual abuse can also happen without physical contact, such as: ...

  14. 31 CFR 562.505 - Entries in certain accounts for normal service charges authorized.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRANIAN HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Licenses, Authorizations, and Statements of Licensing Policy §...

  15. 31 CFR 562.308 - Transfer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRANIAN HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General... indirectly, any right, remedy, power, privilege, or interest with respect to any property. Without...

  16. 31 CFR 562.505 - Entries in certain accounts for normal service charges authorized.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRANIAN HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Licenses, Authorizations, and Statements of Licensing Policy §...

  17. 31 CFR 562.308 - Transfer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRANIAN HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General... indirectly, any right, remedy, power, privilege, or interest with respect to any property. Without...

  18. 31 CFR 562.505 - Entries in certain accounts for normal service charges authorized.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRANIAN HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Licenses, Authorizations, and Statements of Licensing Policy §...

  19. 31 CFR 562.505 - Entries in certain accounts for normal service charges authorized.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRANIAN HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Licenses, Authorizations, and Statements of Licensing Policy §...

  20. Antitussives and substance abuse

    PubMed Central

    Burns, Jarrett M; Boyer, Edward W

    2013-01-01

    Abuse of antitussive preparations is a continuing problem in the United States and throughout the world. Illicit, exploratory, or recreational use of dextromethorphan and codeine/promethazine cough syrups is widely described. This review describes the pharmacology, clinical effects, and management of toxicity from commonly abused antitussive formulations. PMID:24648790

  1. Defining Child Abuse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giovannoni, Jeanne M.; Becerra, Rosina M.

    In seeking to clarify the meaning of the terms "child abuse" and "child neglect" it has been assumed that, like other forms of social deviance, they are socially defined phenomena. Interviews were conducted with those professionals (lawyers, pediatricians, police officers, and social workers) who daily handle the problems of abuse and neglect for…

  2. Substance Abuse and Disability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sales, Amos

    A review of the literature provides the conclusion that individuals with a disability versus those without a disability are more likely to have a substance abuse problem and less likely to get effective treatment. Data suggest 10-40% of all individuals in treatment for substance abuse have a coexisting physical or mental disability. Alcohol rates…

  3. Antitussives and substance abuse.

    PubMed

    Burns, Jarrett M; Boyer, Edward W

    2013-01-01

    Abuse of antitussive preparations is a continuing problem in the United States and throughout the world. Illicit, exploratory, or recreational use of dextromethorphan and codeine/promethazine cough syrups is widely described. This review describes the pharmacology, clinical effects, and management of toxicity from commonly abused antitussive formulations. PMID:24648790

  4. Adolescent Substance Abuse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thorne, Craig R.; DeBlassie, Richard R.

    1985-01-01

    Cummings (1979), citing evidence from the National Institute of Drug Abuse, reports that one of every eleven adult Americans suffers from a severe addictive problem. Drug addiction is epidemic among teenagers; one of every six teenagers suffers from a severe addictive problem. This paper focuses on adolescent drug/substance abuse. (Author)

  5. Steroid abuse in female athletes.

    PubMed

    Honour, J W

    1997-06-01

    Drug abuse in sport attracts considerable media and public interest, particularly around the time of major international events such as the Olympic Games. From a scientific viewpoint the benefits of drugs to sportspersons have been difficult to address. In the case of steroids, the experiments required for proof, particularly in women, are unethical. Drug testing is an expensive mechanism for deterrence, but there are areas in the scenario where validation data are lacking and improvements to the procedures are needed. Testing standards for women cannot be based on results from tests in men, and regulations need revision to take account of new data. PMID:9263702

  6. The impact of economic sanctions on health and human rights in Haiti, 1991-1994.

    PubMed Central

    Gibbons, E; Garfield, R

    1999-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: This report examines the impact of an economic embargo from 1991 to 1994 on health, well-being, and human rights in Haiti. METHODS: Data from surveillance systems for nutrition, reportable diseases, and hospital diagnoses were combined with survey data and interviews with affected women, governmental representatives, diplomats, and staff of nongovernmental organizations. RESULTS: Changes included declining income, rising unemployment, poorer nutrition, declining infant mortality, rising mortality among 1- to 4-year-olds, decreased attention to children's well-being and education, and family breakdown. Survival strategies among poor Haitians included changed dietary habits, informal-sector economic activity, moving in with relatives, selling domestic goods, increased informal unions among couples, decreased school attendance, and indentured servitude among children. CONCLUSIONS: The implementation of economic sanctions in Haiti resulted in extensive violations of rights; the impact was greatest on the most disadvantaged Haitians. Many Haitian and international supporters of democracy were unaware of the extensive negative impact that sanctions could have. The impact continues now, 5 years after sanctions ended. Modified policies reduced some of the burden of sanctions, and international assistance prevented what otherwise might have become a humanitarian disaster during sanctions. PMID:10511830

  7. Physical abuse in pregnancy.

    PubMed Central

    Stewart, D E; Cecutti, A

    1993-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of physical abuse during late pregnancy and to investigate how abused and nonabused pregnant women differ in demographic characteristics, health habits, psychologic distress and attitudes about fetal health. DESIGN: Survey of women attending for prenatal health care or admitted to hospital for delivery. The information was obtained on one occasion from self-report questionnaires, completed with the option of anonymity. SETTINGS: Community-based prenatal clinic, private obstetricians' offices in a large city, private family physicians' offices in a large city, family physicians' offices in a small town, and a university teaching hospital. PATIENTS: English-speaking women at 20 weeks' or more gestation attending or admitted consecutively. INTERVENTIONS: Three self-report questionnaires: the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), the Fetal Health Locus of Control (FHLC) and the study questionnaire. RESULTS: Thirteen women (2.4%) refused to participate in the survey. Of the 548 women who completed the questionnaires 36 (6.6%) reported physical abuse during the current pregnancy and 60 (10.9%) before it. There were no significant differences in rates of abuse between settings. Of the women abused during the pregnancy 23 (63.9%) reported increased abuse during the pregnancy, and 28 (77.8%) remained with the abuser. Twenty-four pregnant women (66.7%) received medical treatment for abuse, but only 1 (2.8%) told her prenatal care provider of the abuse. Factor analysis revealed three factors associated with physical abuse in pregnancy: "social instability" (comprising low age, unmarried status, lower level of education, unemployment and unplanned pregnancy), "unhealthy lifestyle" (comprising poor diet, alcohol use, illicit drug use and emotional problems) and "physical health problems" (comprising health problems and prescription drug use). The GHQ scores showed that the abused women were significantly more emotionally distressed than the

  8. Aspects of abuse: abusive head trauma.

    PubMed

    Hinds, Tanya; Shalaby-Rana, Eglal; Jackson, Allison M; Khademian, Zarir

    2015-03-01

    Abusive Head Trauma (AHT) is a form of child physical abuse that involves inflicted injury to the brain and its associated structures. Abusive Head Trauma, colloquially called Shaken Baby Syndrome, is the most common cause of serious or fatal brain injuries in children aged 2 years and younger. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends the term Abusive Head Trauma, as opposed to Shaken Baby Syndrome, as the former term encompasses multiple forms of inflicted head injury (inertial, contact, and hypoxic-ischemic) and a range of clinical presentations and radiologic findings and their sequelae. Children diagnosed with AHT are 5 times more likely to die compared with accidentally head-injured children, yet signs and symptoms are not always obvious, and therefore the diagnosis can be overlooked. Therefore, the American Academy of Pediatrics has tasked pediatricians with knowing how and when to begin an evaluation of children with signs and symptoms that could possibly be due to AHT. Overall, a detailed history of present illness and medical history, recognition of physical and radiological findings, and careful interpretation of retinal pathology are important aspects of formulating the differential diagnoses and increasing or decreasing the index of suspicion for AHT.

  9. Understanding emotional abuse.

    PubMed

    Rees, C A

    2010-01-01

    Emotional abuse lacks the public and political profile of physical and sexual abuse, despite being at their core and frequently their most damaging dimension. Difficulties in recognition, definition and legal proof put children at risk of remaining in damaging circumstances. Assessment of the emotional environment is necessary when interpreting possible physical or sexual abuse and balancing the risks and benefits of intervention. This article considers factors contributing to professional difficulty. It is suggested that understanding emotional abuse from the first principles of the causes and implications of the dysfunctional parent-child relationships it represents can help prevention, recognition and timely intervention. It may facilitate the professional communication needed to build up a picture of emotional abuse and of the emotional context of physical and sexual abuse. Doing so may contribute to the safety of child protection practice. The long-term cost of emotional abuse for individuals and society should be a powerful incentive for ensuring that development of services and clinical research are priorities, and that the false economy of short-term saving is avoided.

  10. Child Abuse and Mandated Reporting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woika, Shirley; Bowersox, Carissa

    2013-01-01

    Teachers and teachers-in-training are mandated reporters; they are legally required to report any suspected child abuse or neglect. This article describes: (1) How to file a report; (2) How prevalent child abuse is; (3) What abuse is; (4) What it means to be a mandated reporter; (5) When the report should be made; and (6) What to do if abuse is…

  11. When Caregivers Sexually Abuse Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tully, Fred

    1998-01-01

    A veteran child therapist reflects on the distressing problem of adults who sexually violate children and youth in their care. Discusses changes in society that may be the cause of increased child sexual abuse. Offers three "truths" concerning child sexual abuse. Presents the account of an abuser and discusses what happens when an abuser is…

  12. Encountering Child Abuse at Camp.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Durall, John K.

    1997-01-01

    Defines child abuse, including the three categories: physical, sexual, and psychological. Presents characteristics and behaviors of each type of abuse, and long-term effects. Discusses how to handle abuse that occurs at camp, and the effects on the camp. Sidebars present abuse statistics, 15 activities that promote psychological wellness, and 8…

  13. A news media analysis of economic sanction effects on access to medicine in Iran

    PubMed Central

    Kheirandish, Mehrnaz; Rashidian, Arash; Bigdeli, Maryam

    2015-01-01

    Objective: In the past decades economic sanctions have been used by different countries or international organizations in order to deprive target countries of some transactions. While the sanctions do not target health care systems or public health structures, they may, in fact, affect the availability of health care in target countries. In this study, we used media analysis to assess the impacts of recent sanctions imposed by the Central Bank of Iran in 2012 on access to medicines in Iran. Methods: We searched different sources of written news media including a database of nonspecialized weeklies and magazines, online news sources, web pages of daily newspapers and healthcare oriented weeklies from 2011 to 2013. We searched the sources using the general term “medicine” to reduce the chances of missing relevant items. The identified news media were read, and categorized under three groups of items announcing “shortage of medicines,” “medicines related issues” and “no shortage.” We conducted trend analyzes to see whether the news media related to access to medicines were affected by the economic sanctions. Findings: A total number of 371 relevant news media were collected. The number of news media related to medicines substantially increased in the study period: 30 (8%), 161 (43%) and 180 (49%) were published in 2011, 2012 and 2013, respectively. While 145 (39%) of media items referred to the shortage of medicines, 97 (26%) reported no shortage or alleviating of concerns. Conclusion: Media analysis suggests a clear increase in the number of news media reporting a shortage in Iran after the sanctions. In 2013, there were accompanying increases in the number of news media reporting alleviation of the shortages of medicines. Our analysis provides evidence of negative effects of the sanctions on access to medicines in Iran. PMID:26645026

  14. Workplace abuse: finding solutions.

    PubMed

    Christmas, Kate

    2007-01-01

    The atmosphere within the work setting speaks volumes about your culture, and is often a primary factor in recruitment and retention (or turnover) of staff. Workplace tension and abuse are significant contributing factors as to why nurses are exiting workplaces--and even leaving the profession. Abuse can take many forms from inappropriate interpersonal communication to sexual harassment and even violence. Administrators should adopt a zero tolerance policy towards abusive communication. Addressing peer behavior is essential, but positive behavior must also be authentically modeled from the CNO and other nursing leaders. Raising awareness and holding individuals accountable for their behavior can lead to a safer and more harmonious work environment.

  15. 31 CFR 585.215 - Conveyances and cargo suspected of being in violation of United Nations sanctions; detention...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... being in violation of United Nations sanctions; detention; blocking. 585.215 Section 585.215 Money and... and cargo suspected of being in violation of United Nations sanctions; detention; blocking. (a) Except... § 585.201, but which are suspected of a violation of United Nations Security Council Resolutions No....

  16. 17 CFR 240.19d-3 - Applications for review of final disciplinary sanctions, denials of membership, participation or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... limitations of access to services imposed by self-regulatory organizations. 240.19d-3 Section 240.19d-3... sanctions, denials of membership, participation or association, or prohibitions or limitations of access to... disciplinary sanction, denial or conditioning of membership, participation, bar from association,...

  17. 20 CFR 667.650 - What procedures apply to the appeals of the Governor's imposition of sanctions for substantial...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Governor's imposition of sanctions for substantial violations or performance failures by a local area? 667... sanctions for substantial violations or performance failures by a local area? (a) A local area which has... time for appeal has expired; or (2) The Secretary has issued a decision. (b) A local area which...

  18. 78 FR 16571 - OFAC Implementation of Certain Sanctions Imposed on SYTROL by the Secretary of State Pursuant to...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-15

    ... pursuant to ISA, as amended by CISADA, on SYTROL. See 77 FR 59034 (Sep. 25, 2012), which provides the name... Secretary of State Pursuant to the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as Amended SUB-AGENCY: Office of Foreign... Secretary of State pursuant to the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Pub. L. 104-172) (50 U.S.C. 1701 note)...

  19. The effect of economic sanctions on the mortality of Iraqi children prior to the 1991 Persian Gulf War.

    PubMed Central

    Daponte, B O; Garfield, R

    2000-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effect of sanctions on mortality among Iraqi children. METHODS: The effects of economic sanctions on health are not well known. Past studies on the effect of economic sanctions on mortality have suffered from unreliable data sources and the collinearity of sanctions with other negative economic events. We overcame these weaknesses by using individual child records from a retrospective survey of mothers conducted after the 1991 Persian Gulf War to examine the effect of sanctions on mortality among Iraqi children. Multivariate proportional hazards analysis was used to assess the effect of economic sanctions prior to war (from August through December 1990). RESULTS: We found that after controlling for child and maternal characteristics, when economic sanctions were entered into the proportional hazards equation, the risk of dying increased dramatically. This increase was highly significant statistically. CONCLUSIONS: Innovative application of robust epidemiologic research tools can contribute to assessments of health and well-being even under the methodological and practical constraints of comprehensive economic sanctions, but more research is needed. PMID:10754968

  20. 48 CFR 52.225-25 - Prohibition on Engaging in Sanctioned Activities Relating to Iran-Certification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Sanctioned Activities Relating to Iran-Certification. 52.225-25 Section 52.225-25 Federal Acquisition... Relating to Iran—Certification. As prescribed at 25.1103(e), insert the following provision: PROHIBITION ON ENGAGING IN SANCTIONED ACTIVITIES RELATING TO IRAN—CERTIFICATION (SEP 2010) (a) Definition. Person—...