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Sample records for academic reference librarians

  1. Organizational Storytelling among Academic Reference Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colón-Aguirre, Mónica

    2015-01-01

    This study focuses on the roles of organizational stories among librarians who work at the reference desk. Twenty librarians employed in four academic institutions were interviewed. Most of the organizational stories shared among the participants and their colleagues were rich in tacit knowledge and can be classified according to four main roles:…

  2. The Changing Role of Reference Librarians in Modern Academic Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Samuel T.

    The role of academic reference librarians is taking new shape with the continuous development of library technologies. In addition to their traditional bibliographical, academic, and personal competencies, librarians also have to possess technological expertise in order to gain access to automated library processes both for themselves, and for…

  3. Knowledge, Skills and Attributes for Academic Reference Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haddow, Gaby

    2012-01-01

    A survey of Australian academic reference librarians was conducted as part of an international collaboration seeking to identify the most important knowledge, skills and attributes now and for the next ten years. Librarians working in or managing reference-related services at university and vocational education and training institutions…

  4. Academic Reference and Instruction Librarians and Dweck's Theories of Intelligence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Folk, Amanda L.

    2016-01-01

    This article introduces psychologist Carol S. Dweck's entity and incremental theories of intelligence and explores the prevalence of these theories in academic librarians who participate in reference and instruction activities. Based on existing research, it is possible that implicit theories of intelligence could affect the ways in which…

  5. The Role and Work Perceptions of Academic Reference Librarians: A Qualitative Inquiry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bronstein, Jenny

    2011-01-01

    This study explores the perceptions that Israeli reference librarians have of their jobs and their academic environment. Fifteen academic reference librarians were interviewed over a period of four months and their answers were analyzed using the thematic analysis approach. The analysis resulted in five major themes: 1) elements in reference work…

  6. A Survey of New Zealand Academic Reference Librarians: Current and Future Skills and Competencies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chawner, Brenda; Oliver, Gillian

    2013-01-01

    A survey of New Zealand academic subject/reference librarians was conducted in mid-2011 to identify the most highly valued knowledge, skills and competencies of reference librarians working in libraries in the tertiary sector. The project was part of an international collaborative project involving 13 countries. The results from New Zealand show…

  7. Reference librarians' perceptions of the issues they face as academic health information professionals

    PubMed Central

    Scherrer, Carol S.

    2004-01-01

    Background: Leaders in the profession encourage academic health sciences librarians to assume new roles as part of the growth process for remaining vital professionals. Have librarians embraced these new roles? Objectives: This research sought to examine from the reference librarians' viewpoints how their roles have changed over the past ten years and what the challenges these changes present as viewed by both the librarians and library directors. Method: A series of eight focus groups was conducted with reference librarians from private and public academic health sciences libraries. Directors of these libraries were interviewed separately. Results: Reference librarians' activities have largely confirmed the role changes anticipated by their leaders. They are teaching more, engaging in outreach through liaison initiatives, and designing Web pages, in addition to providing traditional reference duties. Librarians offer insights into unanticipated issues encountered in each of these areas and offer some creative solutions. Directors discuss the issues from their unique perspective. Conclusion: Librarians have identified areas for focusing efforts in lifelong learning. Adult learning theory, specialized databases and resources needed by researchers, ever-evolving technology, and promotion and evaluation of the library are areas needing attention. Implications for library education and continuing professional development are presented. PMID:15098052

  8. Factors Influencing Competence and Performance of Reference Librarians in Academic Libraries in Nigeria.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Omoniyi, Joseph O.

    2002-01-01

    Reports on research that focused on competence and performance of reference libraries in academic libraries in Nigeria. Includes recommendations for improving competence and performance, including the reference process; staffing and other resources; education for reference librarians; knowledge of modern technology; and emotional stability and…

  9. Can Academic Reference Librarians Enhance the Cultural Diversity of the Nation's Colleges and Universities?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilkinson, David

    Academic reference librarians can enhance the campus cultural diversity of colleges and universities by displaying sensitivity at the reference desk; understanding multicultural group behaviors; avoiding stereotyped attitudes; appreciating a wide range of cognitive style differences; striving to make multicultural students feel comfortable;…

  10. Academic mentorship: an effective professional development strategy for medical reference librarians.

    PubMed

    Wang, H

    2001-01-01

    Academic mentorship is a professional development strategy that enables fledgling professionals to take advantage of the skills and expertise of the senior members for professional growth. Although widely practiced in many other professions, academic mentorship has not been widely reported in medical librarianship. Drawing upon personal experience, the author reports the success story of an academic mentorship program implemented in an academic medical library and argues for academic mentorship to be widely adopted in academic medical libraries. This paper first reviews the literature on the concept of mentoring in an academic setting, and then describes the background, rationale, methods, and results of the mentorship programs the author has experienced. Lastly, based upon an analysis of several surveys and studies on coping skills for quality job performance of health sciences reference librarians, the paper discusses mentorship as one effective means to ease a new medical reference librarian's transition from his/her pre-service experience to the professional world of medical librarianship. It calls on other health sciences librarians to consider developing their own mentorship programs to promote their professional development and personal growth. PMID:11398541

  11. The Impact of Automation on Job Requirements and Qualifications for Catalogers and Reference Librarians in Academic Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xu, Hong

    1996-01-01

    Compares and analyzes job advertisements for catalogers and reference librarians in academic libraries from 1971 to 1990 to trace the impact of automation on job requirements and qualifications. Findings indicate that computer skills are needed, and there are more entry-level jobs being posted for both groups. (Author/JMV)

  12. Students' Perceptions of Academic Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fagan, Jody

    2002-01-01

    Reports findings of a survey of 48 undergraduate students regarding their perceptions of academic librarians and discusses ideas for addressing existing misconceptions. Highlights include perceptions concerning librarians' education; librarians' skills, knowledge, and expertise; librarians versus clerical workers; and librarians' attitudes toward…

  13. Economic Status of Academic Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perret, Robert; Young, Nancy J.

    2011-01-01

    This article examines some of the factors affecting the current economic status of academic librarians, as well as the history of changes in that economic picture. Issues discussed include the ranking of beginning academic librarian salaries in comparison to others in the profession, historical differences between academic librarian salaries and…

  14. A Study of Librarians' Attitudes Toward the Reference Interview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deputy, Michele M.

    The reference interview is a critical function of reference work; what a librarian says and does can either build a relationship of trust and satisfaction with patrons, or serve to distance them from librarians. This pilot study examined the attitudes of academic and public librarians toward the reference interview. Librarians from Kent State…

  15. A Profession Without Limits: The Changing Role of Reference Librarians.

    PubMed

    Sullo, Elaine; Gomes, Alexandra W

    2016-01-01

    Reference librarians, specifically those working in academic health sciences environments, have expanded their roles and taken on new and unique responsibilities. While librarians at The George Washington University's Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library continue to provide traditional reference services, they have gone beyond their comfort zone in many cases to become involved in activities that are outside of the librarian's established role. This article describes the current roles of Himmelfarb's reference librarians, as well as the way these librarians prepared for these roles and addressed the associated challenges. PMID:27054532

  16. Academic Librarians in the Breach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aby, Steve

    2011-01-01

    This article discusses the short- and long-term challenges of academic librarians in an increasingly hostile environment, and the ways in which these challenges reflect the broader struggles of faculty and professionals. What they are experiencing across the country--in the context of corporatization, the elimination of collective bargaining, and…

  17. The Virtual Reference Librarian's Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lipow, Anne Grodzins

    This book is a practical guide to librarians and their administrators who are thinking about or in the early stages of providing virtual reference service. Part 1, "The Decision to Go Virtual," provides a context for thinking about virtual reference, including the benefits and problems, getting in the virtual frame of mind, and shopping for…

  18. The Sufficiently Embedded Librarian: Defining and Establishing Productive Librarian-Faculty Partnerships in Academic Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olivares, Olivia

    2010-01-01

    How does an academic librarian become embedded in a department or college that is reluctant to accept reference, research or instruction services from the library? In such cases, the would-be embedded librarian may have to settle for "partial" embedding, offering some services where possible and tactfully abstaining from offering others that were…

  19. Occupational Role Identity of Women Academic Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cravey, Pamela J.

    1991-01-01

    A national survey which examined the occupational role identity of female academic librarians collected personal, demographic, and job data. In addition, a test for orientation to the occupational role and a sex-role orientation test were administered. Women academic librarians were found to hold a positive and unique occupational role identity.…

  20. Academic Librarians: Status, Privileges, and Rights

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vix, Heidi M.; Buckman, Kathie M.

    2012-01-01

    Three surveys from the College and University Library Division (CULD) of the Arkansas Library Association (ArLA) from the past six years representing forty-four academic institutions were studied to determine the number of students per librarian on campus, salary, faculty status, contract-length, and maternity/paternity leave for librarians.…

  1. Changing Reference Service Environment: A Review of Perspectives from Managers, Librarians, and Users.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rieh, Soo Young

    1999-01-01

    Reviews the literature on academic library reference service, and examines changes in the traditional reference desk model. Based on the review from the perspectives of managers, librarians, and users, new research directions are proposed in which users' information-search processes and librarians' intervention in reference service are integrated.…

  2. A Question of Degrees for Academic Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wyss, Paul Alan

    2008-01-01

    Certain colleges and universities require that their academic librarians have an additional advanced subject degree for either being eligible for hire or for continued employment. This paper reviews this topic and examines how using metaphors may help the field of librarianship make sound decisions on this controversial topic.

  3. The Graying of Academic Librarians: Crisis or Revolution?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edge, John; Green, Ravonne

    2011-01-01

    This article analyzes the aging of academic librarians and the potential shortage of librarians to replace those who are retiring. Recent statistics indicate that the exodus of retiring librarians may not be as severe as predicted several years ago. Recent articles show potential benefits as new librarians enter the workforce in large numbers to…

  4. Promoting Racial and Ethnic Diversity among Canadian Academic Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kandiuk, Mary

    2014-01-01

    This study examines racial and ethnic diversity among Canadian academic librarians and discusses the findings of a nationwide survey. The survey posed questions related to equity plans and programs as well as recruitment practices for academic librarians from equity-seeking groups with a focus on Aboriginal and visible/racial minority librarians.…

  5. Reflections on Malpractice of Reference Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wan, Ronglin

    1994-01-01

    Explores the legal ramifications of malpractice among librarians and the possible impact on services due to fear of being sued. Topics include identification of potential malpractice areas; cooperative electronic reference services; use of reference standards; insurance; contract; disclaimer; updating library collections; using Internet resources;…

  6. Automation and Job Satisfaction among Reference Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitlatch, Jo Bell

    1991-01-01

    Discussion of job satisfaction and the level of job performance focuses on the effect of automation on job satisfaction among reference librarians. The influence of stress is discussed, a job strain model is explained, and examples of how to design a job to reduce the stress caused by automation are given. (12 references) (LRW)

  7. The Evolution of the Reference Librarian

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Wendell G.

    2011-01-01

    The job of the contemporary reference librarian has a virtual component unimaginable a generation ago. Today's library professional can obtain an MLS (or equivalent) online with a minimal residency requirement. Not only the degree, but also library sources, and indeed patrons, have become virtual. Both books and periodicals can be consulted by…

  8. Understanding the Relationship between the Librarian and the Academic

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Anne-Marie

    2014-01-01

    This article presents the findings of a small study that examined the relationship between academic librarians and their academic colleagues in a number of institutions in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. There is an abundance of literature outlining how librarians should collaborate with their academic colleagues but less emphasis on…

  9. Collection Development Challenges for the 21st Century Academic Librarian

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herzog, Susan

    2004-01-01

    In the down-sized academic library of the twenty-first century, many librarians with little or no formal collection development training or experience are being entrusted with large departmental budgets, occasionally without the collaboration of a department liaison. How do new librarians, or librarians new to a discipline, deal with this…

  10. Looking like Everyone Else: Academic Portfolios for Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    vanDuinkerken, Wyoma; Coker, Catherine; Anderson, Margaret

    2010-01-01

    The academic librarian faces a unique range of changing duties and responsibilities that are often inappropriately documented. The development of an academic portfolio that creates a record of librarianship, scholarship, and service can solve this issue for librarians on the tenure-track or on a job hunt. This paper describes how academic…

  11. Kansas Academic Librarian Perceptions of Information Literacy Professional Development Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Starkey, Alysia

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the professional development needs of academic instruction librarians required to improve information literacy instructional effectiveness in higher education institutions within the state of Kansas. The population in this correlational study was the 84 academic librarians with instruction duties at Kansas's…

  12. New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.1: Academic Librarian Competencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

    This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by librarians working in an academic library. The activities and competencies are organized according to the functions which academic librarians perform: acquisitions; cataloging; circulation and reader services; collection maintenance; interlibrary loan; management; reference;…

  13. New Academic Librarians and Their Perceptions of the Profession

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sare, Laura; Bales, Stephen; Neville, Bruce

    2012-01-01

    This study identifies developments relevant to new academic librarians' perceptions of librarianship. Through use of the long interview and document analysis, the researchers developed a grounded theory consisting of six categories that weigh upon novice librarians' perceptions of the profession: (1) deciding upon a career, (2) experiencing…

  14. College Health Professionals and Academic Librarians: Collaboration for Student Health

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hallyburton, Ann; Kolenbrander, Nancy; Robertson, Carolyn

    2008-01-01

    College health professionals must find new ways of educating students on finding and evaluating consumer health information, specifically in the online environment. Librarians are trained as information professionals; however, librarians at general academic libraries are not taking a lead role in providing consumer health information. Objective:…

  15. MOOCs: The Challenges for Academic Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnes, Cameron

    2013-01-01

    Over the next few years, librarians at many Australian universities will participate in the creation of local Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). This article aims to prepare librarians for this task. It begins by summarising the development of the MOOC concept and then moves on to review the growing literature on MOOCs and librarians. It…

  16. "Librarian's Anxiety"? How Community College Librarians Feel about Their Reference Desk Service

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powers, Anne

    2010-01-01

    A survey of community college librarians in California reveals that the nature of reference service required of them, limitations on budget, staffing, technical support, resources, decision-making ability, and professional development opportunities, affect their professional attitudes. Librarians see reference service as primarily a teaching role.…

  17. Maternity and Paternity Policies Available to Academic Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connell, Ruth Sara

    2013-01-01

    This study examines how frequently parental leave and other related childcare policies are available to academic librarians across the United States. It also looks at the relationships between policies offered and types of academic libraries that offer those policies. The author surveyed administrators at academic libraries serving baccalaureate,…

  18. The role of the academic medical center library in training public librarians*†

    PubMed Central

    Wessel, Charles B.; Wozar, Jody A.; Epstein, Barbara A.

    2003-01-01

    Purpose: This project enhanced access to and awareness of health information resources on the part of public libraries in western Pennsylvania. Setting/Participants/Resources: The Health Sciences Library System (HSLS), University of Pittsburgh, conducted a needs assessment and offered a series of workshops to 298 public librarians. Brief Description: The National Library of Medicine–funded project “Access to Electronic Health Information” at the HSLS, University of Pittsburgh, provided Internet health information training to public libraries and librarians in sixteen counties in western Pennsylvania. Through this project, this academic medical center library identified the challenges for public librarians in providing health-related reference service, developed a training program to address those challenges, and evaluated the impact of this training on public librarians' ability to provide health information. Results/Outcome: The HSLS experience indicates academic medical center libraries can have a positive impact on their communities by providing health information instruction to public librarians. The success of this project—demonstrated by the number of participants, positive course evaluations, increased comfort level with health-related reference questions, and increased use of MEDLINEplus and other quality information resources—has been a catalyst for continuation of this programming, not only for public librarians but also for the public in general. Evaluation Method: A training needs assessment, course evaluation, and impact training survey were used in developing the curriculum and evaluating the impact of this training on public librarians' professional activities. PMID:12883558

  19. The Reference Librarian as General Fact-Totem.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isaacson, David

    1980-01-01

    Argues that some reference librarians, often without knowing it, have become fact-totems--people who have made objects of worship out of facts. In suggesting an antidote to this "Gradgrind pedagogy," the author critically reviews some "reference" books. (JD)

  20. Academic Library Reference Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Batt, Fred

    This examination of the philosophy and objectives of academic library reference services provides an overview of the major reference approaches to fulfilling the following primary objectives of reference services: (1) providing accurate answers to patrons' questions and/or helping patrons find sources to pursue their research needs; (2) building…

  1. Identifying Subject-Specific Conferences as Professional Development Opportunities for the Academic Librarian

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomaszewski, Robert; MacDonald, Karen I.

    2009-01-01

    A major challenge facing academic libraries is the need for reference librarians to become knowledge experts in their assigned subject areas. The subject-specialist approach increases the effectiveness of collection development, classroom instruction, and faculty liaison interactions. Simultaneously, this approach creates the need for continuous…

  2. Creating Fee-Based Online Services: A New Role for Academic Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trehub, Aaron

    1999-01-01

    Discussion of the impact of the Internet on libraries focuses on librarians as creators and marketers of new online services. Describes two fee-based online services at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and concludes that academic libraries have the ability to create new online services, especially reference services. (Author/LRW)

  3. Reference Librarians at the Reference Desk in a Learning Commons: A Mixed Methods Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fitzpatrick, Elizabeth B.; Moore, Anne C.; Lang, Beth W.

    2008-01-01

    At the University of Massachusetts Amherst's W.E.B. Du Bois Library's Learning Commons, only reference librarians staff the Reference and Research Assistance Desk. Surveys, a focus group, reference question transcriptions, and question-type tallies indicate that this service model is strongly preferred by users and librarians over the previous…

  4. Determinants of Evidence Use in Academic Librarian Decision Making

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koufogiannakis, Denise

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this qualitative study was to identify and explain challenges encountered by academic librarians when trying to incorporate evidence into their practice. The findings resulted in the identification of five main determinants that act as either obstacles or enablers of evidence use. The identification of these determinants provide…

  5. Tenure and Promotion Experiences of Academic Librarians of Color

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Damasco, Ione T.; Hodges, Dracine

    2012-01-01

    This study broadly examines factors impacting work-life experiences of library faculty of color within the framework of tenure policies and processes. An online survey was sent out to academic librarians of color to gauge perceptions of tenure and promotion policies and processes, professional activities and productivity, organizational climate…

  6. Job Satisfaction of Academic Librarians: A Review of Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mirfakhrai, Mohammad H.

    This literature review on job satisfaction of academic librarians is divided into two sections. The first section deals with the conceptual framework which includes two theoretical approaches to job satisfaction. These theories include Maslow's Needs Hierarchy Theory and Herzberg's Two-Factor (Motivation/Hygiene) Theory. Criticisms of these…

  7. Converged Librarian/Academic Roles in the 'Wired' University.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dugdale, Christine

    New technologies allow universities to extend pedagogical practices, enhance learning experiences and develop self-managed lifelong learners. To take full advantage of evolving technologies, multi-skilled teaching and development teams are required with a merging and converging of academic and librarian roles. Conclusions are reported from the…

  8. Research, Publication, and Service Patterns of Florida Academic Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henry, Deborah B.; Neville, Tina M.

    2004-01-01

    In an effort to establish benchmarks for comparison to national trends, a web-based survey explored the research, publication, and service activities of Florida academic librarians. Participants ranked the importance of professional activities to the tenure/promotion process. Findings suggest that perceived tenure and promotion demands do…

  9. Cross-Generational Valuing among Peer Academic Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Munde, Gail; Coonin, Bryna

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the skills, knowledge, abilities or dispositions that are most valued and respected by academic librarians, and determined how these qualities might, or might not, be associated with generational membership. Other variables included institutional classification, career length, years since first professional degree, and…

  10. Peering around the Corner: Futures Thinking for Academic Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinchliffe, Lisa Janicke; Malenfant, Kara

    2010-01-01

    The Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) has a long history of data collection, environmental scanning, and trends analysis. Its most recent work, "Futures Thinking for Academic Librarians," uses a 15-year horizon to look beyond the worries of the current economic cycle and the short-term future in order to anticipate the changing…

  11. Educational Requirements beyond the MLS for Academic Librarians in 1990.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aufderhaar, Kathleen E.

    Eight-hundred sixty-five advertisements for academic librarian positions in the 1990 issues of "American Libraries" were examined to determine how many position advertisements were asking for advanced degrees in addition to the MLS. Data from the 231 advertisements asking for advanced degrees were compared with data from previous studies as well…

  12. Technology mediator: a new role for the reference librarian?

    PubMed

    Howse, David K; Bracke, Paul J; Keim, Samuel M

    2006-01-01

    The Arizona Health Sciences Library has collaborated with clinical faculty to develop a federated search engine that is useful for meeting real-time clinical information needs. This article proposes a technology mediation role for the reference librarian that was inspired by the project, and describes the collaborative model used for developing technology-mediated services for targeted users. PMID:17040566

  13. Assessing the Bibliographic Instruction Skills Needed for Entry-Level Reference Positions in Academic Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moegling, Mary Lou

    The purpose of this study is to determine responsibilities expected of newly-hired academic reference librarians and background experiences they are expected to possess. The content analysis of 3 months' worth of reference librarian job listings from three 1990 issues of "College & Research Library News" led to a profile of expectations for…

  14. Almost Halfway There: An Analysis of the Open Access Behaviors of Academic Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mercer, Holly

    2011-01-01

    Academic librarians are increasingly expected to advocate for scholarly communications reforms such as open access to scholarly publications, yet librarians do not always practice what they preach. Previous research examined librarian attitudes toward open access, whereas this article presents results of a study of open access publishing and…

  15. Supervisory Rotation: Impact on an Academic Library Reference Staff.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perdue, Bob; Piotrowski, Chris

    1986-01-01

    Presents results of managerial rotation program (librarians take turns on two-year cycle serving as department head) in medium-sized academic library reference department. An assessment of both the advantages and disadvantages of such a plan examines impact of this innovative and collegial management technique on staff, library, and patrons. (7…

  16. Supervisory Rotation: Impact on an Academic Library Reference Staff.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perdue, Bob; Piotrowski, Chris

    The results of a managerial rotation program in a medium-sized academic library reference department are presented. After meeting certain minimal eligibility requirements, librarians in this department take turns on a 2-year cycle serving as head of the department. This case study is used as a model to assess both the advantages and disadvantages…

  17. Looking at the Male Librarian Stereotype.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dickinson, Thad E.

    2002-01-01

    Discussion of library profession stereotypes focuses on academic male librarians. Topics include the position of the early academic librarians and the environment in which they worked; the beginnings of reference service; women in academic libraries; men in a feminized profession; and current images of male librarians in motion pictures and…

  18. An Analysis of the Academic Library and the Changing Role of the Academic Librarian in Higher Education: 1975-2012

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virgil, Candance L.

    2013-01-01

    This document analysis examined the academic library and the changing role of the academic librarian in higher education. A comparison of the trends and issues reported by prominent librarians in the 20th century was made to those reported in the 21st century. Emphasis was placed on the following decades: 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s in the 20th…

  19. Faculty Status, Tenure, and Professional Identity: A Pilot Study of Academic Librarians in New England

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freedman, Shin

    2014-01-01

    Faculty status, tenure, and professional identity have been long-lasting issues for academic librarians for nearly forty years, yet there is little agreement on the benefits of faculty status. This paper examines faculty status and tenure for academic librarians and presents the results of a survey inquiry into professional identity, current and…

  20. Practitioner Perspectives on Cataloging Education for Entry-Level Academic Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Letarte, Karen M.; Turvey, Michelle R.; Borneman, Dea; Adams, David L.

    2002-01-01

    Discussion of the role of cataloging education within the library profession focuses on results of a survey of members of the Association of Research Libraries that investigated the importance of cataloging competencies for all entry-level academic librarians. Discusses implications for library education for academic librarians and for the…

  1. A Study of the Competencies Needed of Entry-Level Academic Health Sciences Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Philbrick, Jodi Lynn

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the professional and personal competencies that entry-level academic health sciences librarians should possess from the perspectives of academic health sciences library directors, library and information sciences (LIS) educators who specialize in educating health sciences librarians, and individuals who…

  2. Contemporary Development of Academic Reference Librarianship in the United States: A 44-Year Content Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Hanrong; Tang, Yingqi; Knight, Carley

    2010-01-01

    This study analyzes job advertisements to identify the contemporary development of academic reference librarianship in the United States. Results show that more job openings, higher educational backgrounds, more duties & responsibilities, and variety of titles were assigned to academic reference librarian positions from 1966 through 2009.…

  3. Understanding the Changing Role of Academic Librarians from a Psychological Perspective: A Literature Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shupe, Ellen I.; Pung, Stephanie K.

    2011-01-01

    Although issues related to the role of librarians have long been discussed in the literature on academic librarianship, there has been little attempt to incorporate the extensive psychological theory and research on role-related issues. In the current article we review the empirical literature on the role of librarians, with a particular focus on…

  4. The Role of Communities of Practice in the Professional Education of Academic Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bilodeaua, Edward; Carson, Pamela

    2015-01-01

    This study was undertaken to better understand the range of learning practices that academic librarians use throughout their careers, and to explore the ways library schools give students the opportunities to engage in learning methods that they are likely to use in their careers as librarians. The study uses semi-structured interviews with…

  5. Beyond Boomer Meets NextGen: Examining Mentoring Practices among Pennsylvania Academic Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neyer, Linda; Yelinek, Kathryn

    2011-01-01

    A survey to assess mentoring experiences and attitudes towards work of Pennsylvania academic librarians was conducted in September 2006 with questions concerning mentoring experiences, work experiences, and attitudes towards work. Results of the survey are analyzed for differences among those librarians responding, especially generational…

  6. Librarians without Borders? Virtual Reference Service to Unaffiliated Users

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kibbee, Jo

    2006-01-01

    The author investigates issues faced by academic research libraries in providing virtual reference services to unaffiliated users. These libraries generally welcome visitors who use on-site collections and reference services, but are these altruistic policies feasible in a virtual environment? This paper reviews the use of virtual reference…

  7. Academic health sciences librarians' contributions to institutional animal care and use committees.

    PubMed

    Steelman, Susan C; Thomas, Sheila L

    2014-07-01

    The study gathered data about librarians' membership in institutional animal care and use committees (IACUCs) and their professional activities supporting animal researchers. Libraries affiliated with medical schools that were members of the Association of American Medical Colleges were surveyed. A survey was distributed via library directors' email discussion lists and direct email messages. Sixty surveys were completed: 35 (58%) reported that librarians performed database searches for researchers, and 22 (37%) reported that a librarian currently serves on the IACUC. The survey suggests that academic health sciences librarians provide valuable, yet underutilized, services to support animal research investigators. PMID:25031565

  8. The Teaching of Critical Thinking Skills by Academic Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goetzfridt, Nicholas J.

    Teaching critical thinking is a relatively new dimension of bibliographic instruction (BI) in the academic environment. It marks a departure from the teaching of "user skills" in which the primary concern is enabling library patrons to determine the appropriateness of reference tools and to use those tools effectively. This report assembles a…

  9. Faculty and Reference Librarians: A Virtual Dynamic Duo.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, Ruby

    2001-01-01

    This article, originally printed in the Technological Horizons in Education Journal online (January 2001 issue), discusses the partnership between faculty and librarians at community colleges. The author focuses on one college, Santa Fe Community College (SFCC) (Florida), and provides examples of faculty-librarian collaboration at this…

  10. Going Boldly beyond the Reference Desk: Practical Advice and Learning Plans for New Reference Librarians Performing Liaison Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stoddart, Richard A.; Bryant, Thedis W.; Baker, Amia L.; Lee, Adrienne; Spencer, Brett

    2006-01-01

    Our article provides new reference librarians with practical recommendations and learning plans so that they can succeed as liaisons. Drawing from our experiences as new librarians, we explain how to practice continual learning, stay on top of the constantly changing environment of a liaison, pilot different techniques, and assess liaison work.

  11. Academic/Research Librarians with Subject Doctorates: Experiences and Perceptions, 1965-2006

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilman, Todd; Lindquist, Thea

    2010-01-01

    The topic of academic/research librarians with subject doctorates remains largely unexplored. Based on survey data gathered from subject-doctorate holders (excluding those with doctorates in LIS) currently working in U.S. and Canadian academic/research libraries, this article extends the analysis published by the authors in the January 2008 issue…

  12. Reaching a Multicultural Student Community: A Handbook for Academic Librarians. The Greenwood Library Management Collection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Downing, Karen E.; And Others

    This handbook is intended for academic librarians who are interested in establishing peer outreach programs for minority students on their campuses or who are trying to decide whether such a program would meet the needs of their students. Chapters include an overview of the unique challenges facing academic institutions and libraries in serving…

  13. Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Knowledge, Use, and Attitudes of Academic Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendrix, Dean

    2007-01-01

    To assess their knowledge, use, and attitudes regarding peer-to-peer (P2P) applications, this study surveyed academic librarians (n = 162) via a mail-in survey. Correlations between the sample characteristics (age, gender, year of MLS, type of library job) and P2P knowledge, use, and attitudes were also explored. Overall, academic librarians…

  14. ACRL's Hall of Fame: An Analysis of Academic/Research Librarian of the Year Award

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krasulski, Michael J.; Bell, Steven J.

    2010-01-01

    The Association of College & Research Libraries' (ACRL) Academic/Research Librarian of the Year awardees constitute a "hall of fame" for ACRL. This article reports research analyzing 30 years of awardees between 1978 and 2007. Studying the demographics and accomplishments of the awardees contributes to knowledge of how academic librarianship has…

  15. Just Another Field? LIS Programs Can, and Should, Reclaim the Education of Academic Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crowley, Bill

    2004-01-01

    To transform humanists with Ph.D.'s into academic librarians is the purpose of an initiative recently launched by the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR). The equivalent of an apprenticeship, the program revolves postdoctoral work in an academic library in lieu of earning a master's degree from a library and information studies…

  16. The Implications of Library Anxiety for Academic Reference Services: A Review of the Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlile, Heather

    2007-01-01

    Academic reference librarians continually observe that many students are embarrassed about not knowing how to use the library and are reluctant to approach the reference desk. The theory of library anxiety offers an explanation, proposing that a fear of being in and using libraries serves as a psychological barrier, hindering many university…

  17. Reference Transactions Analysis: The Cost-Effectiveness of Staffing a Traditional Academic Reference Desk

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, Susan M.

    2008-01-01

    This study categorizes 6959 reference desk transactions to determine how many of the queries require the attention of a librarian. Results indicate that 89% could likely be answered by non-librarians. From the results of this and other studies, the author explores the cost-effectiveness of staffing a traditional reference desk with librarians.…

  18. Academic Librarians and Graduate Students: An Exploratory Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baruzzi, Andrea; Calcagno, Theresa

    2015-01-01

    Graduate students are a significant part of a university's research population who may begin their studies without all of the skills they need to be successful. The authors conducted a convenience survey, sent to five library e-mail lists, to explore if librarians interact with graduate students and what methods they use to do so. Results show…

  19. Learning Style Dimensions and Professional Characteristics of Academic Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rinehart, Amanda; Sharkey, Jennifer; Kahl, Chad

    2015-01-01

    Do librarians with different characteristics, such as type of work responsibilities or age, have different learning styles? The authors analyzed results from over 1,500 responses to a version of the Index of Learning Styles (ILS) questionnaire based on the Felder-Silverman Learning Styles model. This model consists of eight dimensions paired on…

  20. Industrial Arts Technology Bibliography; An Annotated Reference for Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

    This compilation is designed to assist librarians in selecting books for supplementing the expanding program of industrial arts education. The books were selected for the major subject areas of a broad industrial arts program, on the basis of reflected interest of students, content, format, and readability. The format and coding used in the…

  1. User Preferences in Reference Services: Virtual Reference and Academic Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cummings, Joel; Cummings, Lara; Frederiksen, Linda

    2007-01-01

    This study examines the use of chat in an academic library's user population and where virtual reference services might fit within the spectrum of public services offered by academic libraries. Using questionnaires, this research demonstrates that many within the academic community are open to the idea of chat-based reference or using chat for…

  2. The Librarian as Information Consultant: Transforming Reference for the Information Age

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murphy, Sarah Anne

    2011-01-01

    Library users' evolving information needs and their choice of search methods have changed reference work profoundly. Today's reference librarian must work in a whole new way--not only service-focused and businesslike, but even entrepreneurial. Murphy innovatively rethinks the philosophy behind current library reference services in this…

  3. Greek Academic Librarians' Perceptions of the Impact of Google on Their Role as Information Providers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garoufallou, Emmanouel; Balatsoukas, Panos; Siatri, Rania; Zafeiriou, Georgia; Asderi, S.; Ekizoglou; P.

    2008-01-01

    The increased popularity of Google search engine in the daily routine in one's workplace and in the academic information seeking process is undeniable. "Googling" challenges the traditional skills of librarians as information providers and the role of library and information service provision in the digital era. This paper reports on the…

  4. Understanding Faculty Perceptions of the Future: Action Research for Academic Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malenfant, Kara Josephine

    2011-01-01

    The intent of this study was to aid academic librarians in examining their perceptions of the future of higher education, engaging disciplinary faculty members to understand their views, and determining actions to take to shape the future. In this mixed methods study, scenarios about the future of higher education served as the basis for…

  5. Academic Librarians and Research: A Study of Canadian Library Administrator Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berg, Selinda Adelle; Jacobs, Heidi L. M.; Cornwall, Dayna

    2013-01-01

    Within the literature exploring the role of research in academic librarianship, very little attention has been paid to the perspectives of upper library administrators. This perspective is critical because library administrators play a key role in hiring, evaluating, supporting, promoting, and tenuring professional librarians. As a way of bringing…

  6. Recruiting Academic Librarians: How to Find and Hire the Best Candidates.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Birdsall, Douglas G.

    1991-01-01

    Describes steps involved in the process of hiring academic librarians. Topics discussed include refining the job description; forming a search committee and determining appropriate administrative support; salary decisions; selection criteria for qualified candidates; conference placement activities; evaluating applicants, including dealing with…

  7. Library School Faculty Member Perceptions Regarding Faculty Status for Academic Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wyss, Paul Alan

    2010-01-01

    The faculties of the library schools listed as ALA-accredited are directly involved in setting the direction of the education provided to academic librarians through curriculum development and teaching. The curricula and teaching at ALA-accredited library schools revolve around aspects of librarianship such as providing research assistance at a…

  8. Academic Librarians' Perceptions of Teamwork and Organizational Structure in a Time of Rapid Technological Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strecker, Beth L.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions of academic librarians on two topics: the delivery of services to students and faculty in a time of rapid technological changes and an organizational structure appropriate for delivering services to students in a time of rapid technological changes. Several researchers agree that to…

  9. Reactions of Academic Librarians to Job Loss through Downsizing: An Exploratory Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leckie, Gloria J.; Rogers, Becky

    1995-01-01

    In response to national downsizing, Ontario University conducted a study which explored how academic librarians coped with job loss and examined stressful institutional and personal elements (i.e., self-doubt, anger). Results found needs for library's plan to handle position elimination; coordination between library and personnel departments; and…

  10. Promoting Digital Literacy Skills: Examples from the Literature and Implications for Academic Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kenton, Jeffrey; Blummer, Barbara

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the numerous definitions of digital literacy, discusses its relationship to information literacy, and describes applications of digital literacy instruction in institutions of higher education. It also offers opportunities for academic librarians, and especially those in junior and community colleges, to enhance students'…

  11. Networking and the Role of the Academic Systems Librarian: An Evolutionary Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lavagnino, Merri Beth

    1997-01-01

    This paper examines the role of academic systems librarians, focusing on the effect of networking technologies. Outlines stages in the evolution of the field derived from the literature and surveys, discusses new administrative and professional tasks and trends resulting from technological change, and speculates about the future of academic…

  12. A Survey of the Experiences of African Librarians in American Academic Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ibraheem, Abiodun I.; Devine, Christopher

    2013-01-01

    A national research study was undertaken to identify and clarify issues related to the employment in academic settings of African librarians who have relocated to the United States. It examined, by means of a survey, employment issues concerned with education, credentialing, language skills and cultural bias from the perspective of those…

  13. Academic Librarian Research: A Survey of Attitudes, Involvement, and Perceived Capabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Marie R.; Brancolini, Kristine R.

    2012-01-01

    This article reports on the development and results of a recent survey of academic librarians about their attitudes, involvement, and perceived capabilities using and engaging in primary research. The purpose of the survey was to inform the development of a continuing education program in research design. It updates earlier studies of academic…

  14. Eliminating traditional reference services in an academic health sciences library: a case study

    PubMed Central

    Schulte, Stephanie J

    2011-01-01

    Question: How were traditional librarian reference desk services successfully eliminated at one health sciences library? Setting: The analysis was done at an academic health sciences library at a major research university. Method: A gap analysis was performed, evaluating changes in the first eleven months through analysis of reference transaction and instructional session data. Main Results: Substantial increases were seen in the overall number of specialized reference transactions and those conducted by librarians lasting more than thirty minutes. The number of reference transactions overall increased after implementing the new model. Several new small-scale instructional initiatives began, though perhaps not directly related to the new model. Conclusion: Traditional reference desk services were eliminated at one academic health sciences library without negative impact on reference and instructional statistics. Eliminating ties to the confines of the physical library due to staffing reference desk hours removed one significant barrier to a more proactive liaison program. PMID:22022221

  15. Assessment and Accountability in Reference Work. Part V: Reference Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hults, Patricia; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Includes four articles that discuss the evaluation of library reference services. Topics addressed include unobtrusive testing; measuring the accountability of reference librarians by behavioral rather than factual evaluation; on-the-job training of reference librarians; and faculty expectations of academic reference librarians. (52 references)…

  16. The Reality of Reference: Responsibilities and Competencies for Current Reference Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saunders, Laura

    2012-01-01

    Academic reference services face great challenges as they cope with the pace of technological change, competition from other information service providers, and tight budgets. In fact, some critics suggest that reference services are no longer relevant or necessary as more information moves online. This study examines a nationwide survey that…

  17. Content Knowledge of the Internet Among Public Reference Librarians at the Cleveland Heights Public Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Augustine, Matthew J.

    The Internet is becoming an increasingly important medium of electronic information dissemination, and thus an increasingly important library reference tool. This study examines the Internet skills of a sample group of 15 public reference librarians in the Adult Services Department at the Cleveland Heights Public Library. The Internet skills that…

  18. Community College Reference Services: A Working Guide for and by Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katz, Bill, Ed.

    The 25 articles in this book were written by librarians as a guide for reference services personnel working in two-year college libraries. Part I, The Community College Reference Mission, includes "Community College Services," by Derrie B. Roark; "Community College Librarianship: A Changing Frontier," by Marilyn Searson Lary; "Typical Is Atypical:…

  19. Librarians, Libraries, and the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Otto, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Librarians are continually teaching students and faculty how to identify and access learning resources. They teach during individual reference consultations, through presentations to classes, and through library website content they create. Are librarians well prepared to design and deliver well-crafted instruction? Academic librarians have…

  20. The Academic Librarian and the Hegemony of the Canon.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doherty, John J.

    1998-01-01

    Discusses academic library collection-development theory and policy. Suggests that a standard collection of works specific to each discipline (a canon), is a powerful tool because such canons can censor the works that fall outside of the prevailing norms, the hegemony of the discipline. (LRW)

  1. Planned Merger of 2 Big Journal Publishers Worries Academic Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glenn, David

    2006-01-01

    Last week the venerable publisher John Wiley & Sons made a surprise announcement that it would purchase Blackwell Publishing Ltd. for about $1.13-billion, an acquisition likely to have broad consequences for the world of academic journals and libraries. Assuming that the deal is completed, Wiley's scientific, technical, and medical division will…

  2. Nonusers of Academic Libraries: Academic Lifestyles and Reference Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cannon, Patricia A.

    1990-01-01

    Suggests that nonusers of academic libraries should be identified and studied because they are part of the same three groups they expect to attract: faculty, staff, and students. The results of the application of lifestyles research to public library user groups are reviewed, and their implications for academic library reference services are…

  3. Reference Service in an Academic Archives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Donnell, Frances

    2000-01-01

    Examines reference questions received at the archives of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to determine why archival reference service is more time-consuming than standard academic library reference service. Also discusses differences in kinds of information and resources provided, arrangement of materials, and description and access.…

  4. CD-ROM Troubleshooting Manual: Support for Reference Desk Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nipp, Deanna; Shamy, Salwa

    1992-01-01

    Discusses the impact of CD-ROM services on reference departments and describes the development of a troubleshooting manual for the Library of Science and Medicine at Rutgers University. The seven steps followed in writing the manual are presented, and it is noted that it has proved to be an effective support for reference and CD-ROM services. (21…

  5. Rethinking the provision of reference services in academic medical school libraries.

    PubMed Central

    Heaton, G T

    1996-01-01

    New roles for librarians are emerging as a result of rapid changes in information technology. The literature is replete with controversy about nonprofessionals staffing the reference desk, yet such changes in staffing may provide the time librarians need to do other tasks. This paper describes a research project that examined reference desk staffing in academic medical school libraries and its effect on questions received and the provision of a consultation service. A questionnaire was sent to all academic medical school libraries in North America and a 70% return rate was achieved. Results indicated a significant relationship between nonprofessional staffing and both the questions received and the provision of research consultation by appointment. The author suggests that services be reconfigured to make more effective use of both professional and nonprofessional staff. PMID:8938326

  6. Are We Covering Our Own Backyards?: An Analysis of Local Research Guides Created by Academic Business Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lyons, Charles

    2009-01-01

    This study examines local research guides created by academic business librarians to assist patrons with researching the communities (towns, cities, and regions) where their schools are located. A key finding is that only 33% of the libraries surveyed provide guides to local research, while 80% provide guides to international research. (Contains 2…

  7. Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) Academic Librarian Positions during 2013: What Carnegie Classifications Reveal about Desired STEM Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trei, Kelli

    2015-01-01

    This study analyzes the requirements and preferences of 171 science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) academic librarian positions in the United States as advertised in 2013. This analysis compares the STEM background experience preferences with the Carnegie rankings of the employing institution. The research examines the extent to which…

  8. Library School Programs and the Successful Training of Academic Librarians to Meet Promotion and Tenure Requirements in the Academy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Best, Rickey D.; Kneip, Jason

    2010-01-01

    This article relates an investigation of tenure and promotion practices for librarians at academic institutions. The study employed two surveys. The first survey determined the level of impact on promotion and tenure by recent publication in two top-tier peer-reviewed journals: "College & Research Libraries" and "Journal of…

  9. Action Research, Assessment, and Institutional Review Boards (IRB): Conflicting Demands or Productive Tension for the Academic Librarian?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farrell, Robert

    2014-01-01

    This article puts forward an "assessment/action research/publication" cycle that integrates aspects of the assessment, research, and Institutional Review Board (IRB) processes to provide academic librarians with a systematic approach for balancing competing workplace demands and give library managers a roadmap for creating a…

  10. How We Got Here: A Historical Look at the Academic Teaching Library and the Role of the Teaching Librarian

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ariew, Susan

    2014-01-01

    This paper outlines a brief history of the academic teaching library and, in consequence, it examines the changing role of librarians. As part of that history, the paper also discusses distinctions among various terms used to describe instructional activities in teaching libraries, such as "bibliographic instruction" and…

  11. Home Insulating and Home Births: Do Patrons' Sex-typed Questions Influence Judgments about the Competence of Reference Librarians?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Roma M.; Michell, Gillian

    1988-01-01

    Master's students in library science and students in a library technician program were asked to read scripts of reference interviews in which the amount of bibliographic instruction and the "maleness" or "femaleness" of questions were varied. They were then asked to make a judgment about the competence of the reference librarian in the script. (10…

  12. A Reference-Intensive Embedded Librarian Program: Kresge Business Administration Library's Program to Support Action-Based Learning at the Ross School of Business

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berdish, Laura; Seeman, Corey

    2010-01-01

    While a great deal of literature on embedded librarians in academic libraries is focused on the role of instructor, there are many other services that could be provided by librarians working closely with students. The Kresge Business Administration Library (Stephen M. Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan) has created a unique…

  13. Building a Strong Foundation: Mentoring Programs for Novice Tenure-Track Librarians in Academic Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodsett, Mandi; Walsh, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    Increasingly, new librarians graduate to face a world of changing technology and new ways of interacting with information. The anxiety of this shifting environment is compounded for tenure-track librarians who must also meet scholarship and instruction requirements that may be unfamiliar to them. One way that librarians can navigate the transition…

  14. A Database Selection Expert System Based on Reference Librarian's Database Selection Strategy: A Usability and Empirical Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ma, Wei

    2002-01-01

    Describes the development of a prototype Web-based database selection expert system at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign that is based on reference librarians' database selection strategy which allows users to simultaneously search all available databases to identify those most relevant to their search using free-text keywords or…

  15. Cultural Implications of a Global Context: The Need for the Reference Librarian To Ask Again "Who Is My Client?".

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McSwiney, Carolyn

    Globalization provides the contextual framework for cultural changes in the library user group. In order to be more effective, and realistically, more client-focused, the reference librarian is challenged to ask again "Who is my client?" in this changing context. This paper presents a positive and practical response to cultural change and suggests…

  16. Beyond Gatekeepers of Knowledge: Scholarly Communication Practices of Academic Librarians and Archivists at ARL Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sugimoto, Cassidy R.; Tsou, Andrew; Naslund, Sara; Hauser, Alexandra; Brandon, Melissa; Winter, Danielle; Behles, Cody; Finlay, S. Craig

    2014-01-01

    Librarians and archivists are intimately involved in scholarly communication systems, both as information providers and instructors. However, very little is known regarding their activities as scholars. This study seeks to examine the scholarly communication practices of librarians and archivists, the role that tenure plays in scholarly…

  17. Use of Social Networking Sites by Academic Librarians in Six Selected States of Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tella, Adeyinka; Olarongbe, Shuaib Agboola; Akanbi-Ademolake, Hauwa Bolanle; Adisa, Mulikat Y.

    2013-01-01

    The attractiveness of social networking sites (SNSs) has extended to almost all professionals in numerous human organizations including the library. Librarians as a result of this development are now making use of these sites to connect to other libraries and librarians both within and outside their environment. However, it is observed that the…

  18. In the Field: An Innovative Role Puts Academic Librarians Right in the Departments They Serve

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Brenda L.; Alexander, Laurie A.

    2007-01-01

    Annette Haines, one of three field librarians at the University of Michigan (UM), traveled to Angouleme, France, with a faculty member to attend an international comic book festival. As the field librarian in the School of Art and Design, Haines was able to learn firsthand what materials professor Phoebe Gloeckner, a well-known graphic novelist,…

  19. Academic Librarians' Perceptions on Information Literacy: The Israeli Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aharony, Noa; Bronstein, Jenny

    2014-01-01

    Information literacy (IL) is a necessary skill crucial for effective functioning in today's knowledge society. This study seeks to explore Israeli librarians' perspectives toward major components of information literacy. Do librarians find there is a need to redefine the concept? Who do they think should teach it? How do they think Web…

  20. A Short Course on Patent Reference for Science and Technology Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shackle, Linda

    2009-01-01

    Now that the full text of patents as well as patent searching tools are available for free on the Internet, every librarian who is responsible for assisting people with science and technology information should have a basic knowledge of this aspect of intellectual property. Whether a school librarian helping children discover the world of…

  1. The Changing Role of Reference Services in Academic Health Sciences Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchell, Nicole

    2007-01-01

    For the past several years, many in the library profession have questioned the relevance of reference librarians in the digital age. With so much information available online, are reference librarians even still needed? The author believes they are--probably even more so today than ever. It is precisely the vast proliferation of electronic…

  2. Size Matters: The Debate over Reference Desk Height.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warnement, Mary

    2003-01-01

    Summarizes the debate concerning use of desks versus counters in reference areas of academic libraries. Librarians argued whether patrons were more likely to approach a standing or a sitting librarian. In general, patrons preferred approaching a standing librarian; however, only small studies were conducted. In practice, libraries are designed in…

  3. Integration in Academic Reference Departments: From Print to Digital Resources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levrault, Bethany R.

    2005-01-01

    Reference services are in the midst of evolutionary changes. At a time when budgets are shrinking, traditional models of service and print reference formats are being questioned. This article discusses future directions of academic reference collections in terms of the apparent shift from print to electronic reference sources. Questions addressed…

  4. Why Roving Reference: A Case Study in a Small Academic Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kramer, Eileen H.

    1996-01-01

    Research at a library at Utica College (New York) revealed that "roving" reference librarians provided more sophisticated and thorough service than "stationary" ones, improving student search strategies and prompting twice as much work with electronic resources as conventional service. Roving also boosted librarian-client interaction by 13.6%.…

  5. Blending the Trends: A Holistic Approach to Reference Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dempsey, Megan

    2011-01-01

    The growing trends of tiered reference, roving librarians, and virtual reference offer academic libraries several options for providing the most effective reference service. Increased enrollment at community colleges has prompted a reconsideration of how librarians can balance reference, teaching, and faculty responsibilities. This article…

  6. A Reference Guide to Important Books for Academic Administrators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stauffer, Thomas M., Comp.

    The opportunity for American Council Fellows to read widely in academic administration is an integral part of the Academic Administration Internship Program. The books listed in this reference guide, while perhaps the most important in their fields, are only suggestive of a wider literature on higher education and administrative science. Some…

  7. On Gatekeepers and Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, Bob

    1996-01-01

    Examines the effect of information technology on library school curriculum, the role of reference librarians in public libraries, reference services, and user access to information. Identifies four limitations that may affect the service given by reference librarians: subject knowledge, language, cultural literacy, and logical inference…

  8. "Where Do They Come From, and How Are They Trained?" Professional Education and Training of Access Services Librarians in Academic Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krasulski, Michael J.

    2014-01-01

    Since the late 1970s, the access services librarian or equivalent position has become commonplace in academic libraries, and degreed professionals have been sought for these positions since the beginning. In 2009, David McCaslin, California Institute of Technology, examined the place of access services in American Library Association-accredited…

  9. Leader or Manager: Academic Library Leader's Leadership Orientation Considered Ideal by Faculty, Administrators and Librarians at Private, Nonprofit, Doctoral Universities in Southern California

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tripuraneni, Vinaya L.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify the leadership orientation of the academic library leader considered ideal by faculty, administrators and librarians in private, non-profit, doctoral universities in Southern California. Theoretical Framework: The theoretical framework used for this study was Bolman and Deal's Leadership…

  10. "Hi, R U There?" Adventures in Chat Reference Librarianship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dodge, Heather

    2013-01-01

    The ability to navigate the vast ocean of available information and perform reference services in digital environments is an essential component of the job for most of today's reference librarians, especially those working in academic libraries. Reference librarians face a challenge: they must be highly skilled at searching for, locating, and…

  11. Models of Reference Services in Australian Academic Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Liz

    2008-01-01

    This article reports on a project which was undertaken in 2006 to investigate the current modes and methods for delivering reference services in Australian academic libraries. The project included a literature review to assist in providing a definition of reference services as well as a snapshot of statistics showing staff and patron numbers from…

  12. Reference Collection Development in Academic Libraries: Report of a Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biggs, Mary; Biggs, Victor

    1987-01-01

    A survey of heads of academic library reference services gathered information on reference collection development. Findings included: (1) selection and weeding frequently are not guided by written policies; (2) empirical studies of use are almost nonexistent; and (3) online availability of sources is an important factor in selection. (20…

  13. Reference and Collection Development on the Internet: A How-To-Do-It Manual. How-To-Do-It Manuals for Librarians, Number 66.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomsen, Elizabeth

    The challenges faced by reference and collection development staff have become increasingly complex in recent years, as more and more materials--in a variety of formats--have become available. This book shows reference and collection development librarians how to use the Internet to share information through online conversations and online…

  14. Incorporating Undergraduate Advising in Teaching Information Literacy: Case Study for Academic Librarians as Advisors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Courtney L.

    2008-01-01

    The National Academic Advising Association (NACADA) Council for the Advancement of Standards (CAS) provides program guidelines for student learning and development outcomes. These recommended academic advising guidelines parallel those of the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) Information Literacy Competency Standards For Higher…

  15. Moving beyond Assumptions: The Use of Virtual Reference Data in an Academic Library

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nolen, David S.; Powers, Amanda Clay; Zhang, Li; Xu, Yue; Cannady, Rachel E.; Li, Judy

    2012-01-01

    The Mississippi State University Libraries' Virtual Reference Service collected statistics about virtual reference usage. Analysis of the data collected by an entry survey from chat and e-mail transactions provided librarians with concrete information about what patron groups were the highest and lowest users of virtual reference services. These…

  16. Virtual Reference Service in Academic Libraries in West Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sekyere, Kwabena

    2011-01-01

    As technology continues to advance, libraries in Europe and America continue to improve upon their virtual reference services by employing new Web technologies and applying them to existing services. West African academic libraries have begun providing resources electronically to their users but still typically lag behind in the services they…

  17. A Conjoint Analysis of Reference Services in Academic Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crawford, Gregory A.

    1994-01-01

    Explains conjoint analysis and its use in marketing research and describes an evaluation of reference services in academic libraries that used conjoint analysis to determine user preference regarding the importance of definitiveness of answer, waiting time, service time, number of items found, hours of available service, and cost. (Contains 13…

  18. Instant Messaging Reference in an Academic Library: A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foley, Marianne

    2002-01-01

    During the 2000-2001 academic year, the General Libraries of the University at Buffalo conducted a pilot project to assess feasibility of providing reference through instant messaging. Describes the project, its implementation, the software used, staffing issues, and publicity efforts. Discusses results of the project in terms of user…

  19. Use of Statistics by Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christensen, John O.

    1988-01-01

    Description of common errors found in the statistical methodologies of research carried out by librarians, focuses on sampling and generalizability. The discussion covers the need to either adapt library research to the statistical abilities of librarians or to educate librarians in the proper use of statistics. (15 references) (CLB)

  20. The Librarian's Internet Survival Guide: Strategies for the High-Tech Reference Desk.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDermott, Irene E.; Quint, Barbara, Ed.

    This guide discusses the use of the World Wide Web for library reference service. Part 1, "Ready Reference on the Web: Resources for Patrons," contains chapters on searching and meta-searching the Internet, using the Web to find people, news on the Internet, quality reference resources on the Web, Internet sites for kids, free full-text resources,…

  1. Employment Opportunities for New Academic Librarians: Assessing the Availability of Entry Level Jobs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tewell, Eamon C.

    2012-01-01

    This study examines the availability of entry level positions in academic libraries to better illuminate the status of the job market for current students and recent graduates of Library & Information Science programs. Over a twelve month period from 2010-2011, 1385 job advertisements were collected, with content analysis methods used to evaluate…

  2. Focus on Academic and Research Libraries: Librarians Speak Out to Journal Publishers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaser, Dick

    2009-01-01

    What is the economic situation in libraries these days? What are academic and research libraries doing with regard to making the resources in their collections more discoverable? Are they involved in institutional repository (IR) projects? And how do IRs and the availability of open access journals affect library purchasing decisions? Those were…

  3. Assessment and Accountability in Reference Work. Part VI: Connections with the Rest of the Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moody, Marilyn K.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Presents seven articles that discuss reference librarians and technical services librarians; evaluating online public access catalogs; bibliographic instruction and CD-ROMs; interactive multimedia and electronic media in academic libraries; open versus closed stacks for academic library periodical collections; policies and procedures manuals as…

  4. A Reference-Librarian Model for Computer-Aided Library Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Binkley, R. David; Parrott, James R.

    1987-01-01

    Describes a computerized reference and bibliographic instruction system currently under development at the University of Waterloo Library. The functions of the system, which will include query negotiation, suggestions for research strategies, referral to appropriate reference materials, information on library services and locations, and library…

  5. DNA Sequences over the Internet Provide Greater Speed and Accuracy for Health Sciences Reference Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harzbecker, Joseph, Jr.

    1993-01-01

    Describes the National Institute of Health's GenBank DNA sequence database and how it can be accessed through the Internet. A real reference question, which was answered successfully using the database, is reproduced to illustrate and elaborate on the potential of the Internet for information retrieval. (10 references) (KRN)

  6. Starting and Operating Live Virtual Reference Services: A How-To-Do-It Manual for Librarians. How-To-Do-It Manuals for Librarians, Number 118.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meola, Marc; Stormont, Sam

    This guide discusses the essentials of live virtual reference, preparing for virtual reference, and implementing and incorporating virtual reference. Chapter 1, "Understanding Live Virtual Reference," lays out what virtual reference is and how it compares to other forms of reference. Chapter 2, "Offering Live Virtual Reference," presents ten…

  7. Research and Academic Librarians: A Global View. Proceedings of a Special Session on International Librarianship Held during the National Conference of the Association of College and Research Libraries (6th, Salt Lake City, Utah, April 12-14, 1992).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharma, R. N., Ed.

    Five speakers of international prominence from around the world presented a program dealing with the research efforts of academic librarians and the effect of research on academic libraries in Australia and New Zealand, India, Russia, Africa (with an emphasis on Kenya), and the United Kingdom. This proceedings includes the following papers…

  8. SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING REFERENCE SOURCES, A GUIDE FOR STUDENTS AND LIBRARIANS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MALINOWSKY, HAROLD ROBERT

    THIS TEXTBOOK IS INTENDED AS A GENERAL GUIDE TO THE SOURCES OF INFORMATION IN THE SCIENCE-ENGINEERING FIELD. REFERENCES TO STANDARD SOURCES ARE LISTED FOR THE FIELDS OF (1) GENERAL SCIENCE, (2) MATHEMATICS, (3) PHYSICS, (4) CHEMISTRY, (5) ASTRONOMY, (6) GEOLOGY, (7) BIOLOGY, (8) ENGINEERING, AND (9) MEDICINE (LIMITED). WORKS IN ENGLISH ARE…

  9. Closing the Books: A Reference Librarian Reflects on 37 Years of Library Service.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gurreri, Lorenzo A.

    2000-01-01

    Presents Lorenzo Gurreri's narrative of his long and distinguished library career, which began in 1962 when he took an MSLS degree from Syracuse University. The ensuing years found him in cataloging and reference positions while the library profession began to feel the effects of the new Information Age. (VWC)

  10. Targeted Evolution of Embedded Librarian Services: Providing Mobile Reference and Instruction Services Using iPads.

    PubMed

    Stellrecht, Elizabeth; Chiarella, Deborah

    2015-01-01

    The University at Buffalo Health Sciences Library provides reference and instructional services to support research, curricular, and clinical programs of the University at Buffalo. With funding from an NN/LM MAR Technology Improvement Award, the University at Buffalo Health Sciences Library (UBHSL) purchased iPads to develop embedded reference and educational services. Usage statistics were collected over a ten-month period to measure the frequency of iPad use for mobile services. While this experiment demonstrates that the iPad can be used to meet the library user's needs outside of the physical library space, this article will also offer advice for others who are considering implementing their own program. PMID:26496394

  11. Issues surrounding the administration of a credit course for medical students: survey of US academic health sciences librarians*

    PubMed Central

    Miller, Jolene Michelle

    2004-01-01

    Objectives: For librarians developing a credit course for medical students, the process often involves trial and error. This project identified issues surrounding the administration of a credit course, so that librarians nationally can rely more upon shared knowledge of common practices and less upon trial and error. Methods: A questionnaire was sent to the education services librarian at each medical school listed in the 2000 AAMC Data Book. A second questionnaire was sent to those librarians who did not return the first one. Results: Of the 125 librarians surveyed, 82 returned the questionnaire. Of those 82, only 11 offered a credit course for medical students, though 19 more were in the process of developing one. Data were gathered on the following aspects of course administration: credit course offerings, course listing, information learned to administer the course, costs associated with the course, relationships with other departments on campus, preparation for teaching and grading, and evaluation of the course. Conclusions: Because of small number of respondents offering a credit course and institutional variations, making generalizations about issues surrounding the administration of a credit course is difficult. The article closes with a list of recommendations for librarians planning to develop a course. PMID:15243642

  12. "Are You a Computer?" Opening Exchanges in Virtual Reference Shape the Potential for Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dempsey, Paula R.

    2016-01-01

    Academic reference librarians frequently work with students who are not aware of their professional roles. In online interactions, a student might not even realize that the librarian is a person. The ways students initiate conversations reveal their understanding of the mutual roles involved in reference encounters. Conversation analysis of live…

  13. Reference Service in Law Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sasala, Kathleen M.

    Ten law librarians, at one private and three academic law libraries, were studied to ascertain what types of reference services they provide to their patrons. The current model employed in public libraries today was used as the baseline against which to measure these legal reference services. This model employs five traditional categories of:…

  14. Laying a Foundation for Comparing Departmental Structures between Reference and Instructional Services: Analysis of a Nationwide Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Kristin; Fountain, Kathleen Carlisle

    2002-01-01

    Describes a survey of midsized academic libraries that measured the departmental relationship between librarians who provide reference services and librarians who provide instructional services. Discusses satisfaction levels with various organizational arrangements as well as pros and cons of integrated or separate reference and instruction…

  15. Clientele Recognition of Library Terms and Concepts Used by Librarians: A Case of an Academic Library in the Philippines

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cana, Mercy B.; Cueto, Quiza Lynn Grace G.; De Guzman, Allan B.; Fuchigami, Kaori B.; Manalo, Leona Rica T.; Yu, Jake Cathleen U.

    2005-01-01

    Using a 30-item multiple-choice type test, this investigation focused on the ability of college students to recognise terms and concepts used by librarians. A total of 447 respondents representing the fields of Education, Nutrition, Food Technology, Tourism and Hotel and Restaurant Management took part in this investigation. Data were gathered…

  16. Digital Library Services: Perceptions and Expectations of User Communities and Librarians in a New Zealand Academic Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xia, Wei

    2003-01-01

    Provides an overview of research conducted at Victoria University of Wellington regarding differing perceptions and expectations of user communities and librarians related to the usability of digital services. Considers access to services, currency of information on the Web site, the online public access catalog, databases, electronic journals,…

  17. Personal Librarian for Aboriginal Students: A Programmatic Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melançon, Jérôme; Goebel, Nancy

    2016-01-01

    The Personal Librarian for Aboriginal Students (PLAS) program at the University of Alberta (UofA) is a creative outgrowth of the growing Personal Librarian programs in academic libraries, in which a student is partnered with an individual librarian for the academic year. In the case of the UofA's PLAS program, first-year undergraduate students who…

  18. The Internet: A Ready Reference Library?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gabriel, Michael R.

    1998-01-01

    An academic librarian answered 24 questions using reference books, then tried to answer the same questions using an Internet search engine (Metacrawler). Evaluates the results of the Internet searches and discusses implications for library reference services and reference book publishers; Internet user expectations and satisfaction; and librarians…

  19. Don't Fear the Reader: Librarian versus Interlibrary Loan Patron-Driven Acquisition of Print Books at an Academic Library by Relative Collecting Level and by Library of Congress Classes and Subclasses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyler, David C.; Melvin, Joyce C.; Epp, MaryLou; Kreps, Anita M.

    2014-01-01

    Recently, a great deal of literature on patron-driven acquisition (PDA) has been published that addresses the implementation and results of PDA programs at academic libraries. However, despite widespread worries that PDA will lead to unbalanced collections, little attention has been paid to whether patrons' and librarians' purchasing differ…

  20. Symposium on Reference Service. Is Traditional Reference Service Obsolete? [and] Desk Set Revisited: Reference Librarians, Reality, and Research Systems' Design [and] Traditional Reference Is Dead, Now Let's Move on to Important Questions [and] Reference Service Evolved [and] Reference Service Is More than a Desk.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ewing, Keith; And Others

    1995-01-01

    This is a collection of five articles which suggest current and future trends in academic library reference services. The first article poses a question, and the remaining four articles offer responses to it. (DGM/JMV)

  1. Academic librarians at play in the field of cheminformatics: building the case for chemistry research data management.

    PubMed

    McEwen, Leah; Li, Ye

    2014-10-01

    There are compelling needs from a variety of camps for more chemistry data to be available. While there are funder and government mandates for depositing research data in the United States and Europe, this does not mean it will be done well or expediently. Chemists themselves do not appear overly engaged at this stage and chemistry librarians who work directly with chemists and their local information environments are interested in helping with this challenge. Our unique understanding of organizing data and information enables us to contribute to building necessary infrastructure and establishing standards and best practices across the full research data cycle. As not many support structures focused on chemistry currently exist, we are initiating explorations through a few case studies and focused pilot projects presented here, with an aim of identifying opportunities for increased collaboration among chemists, chemistry librarians, cheminformaticians and other chemistry professionals. PMID:25038898

  2. Cognitive Ability, Academic Achievement and Academic Self-Concept: Extending the Internal/External Frame of Reference Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Ssu-Kuang; Hwang, Fang-Ming; Yeh, Yu-Chen; Lin, Sunny S. J.

    2012-01-01

    Background: Marsh's internal/external (I/E) frame of reference model depicts the relationship between achievement and self-concept in specific academic domains. Few efforts have been made to examine concurrent relationships among cognitive ability, achievement, and academic self-concept (ASC) within an I/E model framework. Aim: To simultaneously…

  3. Electronic Resource Expenditure and the Decline in Reference Transaction Statistics in Academic Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dubnjakovic, Ana

    2012-01-01

    The current study investigates factors influencing increase in reference transactions in a typical week in academic libraries across the United States of America. Employing multiple regression analysis and general linear modeling, variables of interest from the "Academic Library Survey (ALS) 2006" survey (sample size 3960 academic libraries) were…

  4. The Role of the Collection Development Librarian in the 90's and Beyond.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Otero-Boisvert, Maria

    1993-01-01

    Explores the changing role of the collection development librarian in relation to the issues of budgetary constraints and the impact of electronic technology on academic research. The characteristics, skills, and knowledge required on the job are defined, and different approaches to acquiring them are offered. (Contains 17 references.) (EAM)

  5. Making Embedded Librarians a Part of an Online Community of Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francis, Mary

    2012-01-01

    This paper will look at the services presently offered to distance students by libraries within the categories of professional staff, access to resources, reference assistance, and library user instruction. It will then offer the argument that these services could be improved by developing embedded librarians within online academic courses as a…

  6. Reference Training in Academic Libraries. CLIP Note #24.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robles, Kimberley, Comp.; Wyatt, Neal, Comp.

    This College Library Information Packet (CLIP) Note surveys training programs in small and medium-sized academic libraries. In August 1995, 265 small and medium-sized academic libraries were sent a questionnaire; the response rate was 78% (n=206). A comprehensive analysis of survey results is followed by examples of training documentation…

  7. Who Defends Intellectual Freedom for Librarians?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buschman, John

    2009-01-01

    "Academe"'s readers know the importance of academic freedom and the history of the (American Association of University Professors) AAUP's defense and promotion of academic freedom for faculty. Librarians have an analogous set of interlocking policies concerning their ethics and related issues. The author has always been proud that the American…

  8. Occupational Burnout among Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haack, Mary; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Outlines stages of occupational burnout (enthusiasm, stagnation, frustration, apathy) and begins empirical assessment of burnout syndrome among librarians and other information professionals. Results of pilot survey conducted at one-day conference on reference service using two measures (Staff Burnout Scale for Health Professionals, projective…

  9. Academic portfolio in the digital era: organizing and maintaining a portfolio using reference managers.

    PubMed

    Bhargava, Puneet; Patel, Vatsal B; Iyer, Ramesh S; Moshiri, Mariam; Robinson, Tracy J; Lall, Chandana; Heller, Matthew T

    2015-02-01

    The academic portfolio has become an integral part of the promotions process. Creating and maintaining an academic portfolio in paper-based or web-based formats can be a cumbersome and time-consuming task. In this article, we describe an alternative way to efficiently organize an academic portfolio using a reference manager software, and discuss some of the afforded advantages. The reference manager software Papers (Mekentosj, Amsterdam, The Netherlands) was used to create an academic portfolio. The article outlines the key steps in creating and maintaining a digital academic portfolio. Using reference manager software (Papers), we created an academic portfolio that allows the user to digitally organize clinical, teaching, and research accomplishments in an indexed library enabling efficient updating, rapid retrieval, and easy sharing. To our knowledge, this is the first digital portfolio of its kind. PMID:24965274

  10. Librarian-Teacher Partnerships: An Annotated Bibliography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Avino, Catherine

    This annotated list of 23 journal articles and documents provided focuses on faculty-librarian collaboration in bibliographic instruction (BI) at academic libraries. Topics including the following: BI for developmental and English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) students; faculty and librarian collaboration on the design of BI assignments; the teaching…

  11. Librarians' Attitudes towards Marketing Library Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aharony, Noa

    2009-01-01

    This research set out to explore the attitudes of school, academic and public librarians towards marketing libraries. The main question that was examined is whether personality characteristics such as empowerment, extroversion and resistance to change influence librarians' attitudes towards the marketing of libraries. One hundred and fifty-six…

  12. Playing to Win: Embedded Librarians in Online Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawes, Sandra Lee

    2011-01-01

    The essay presents a quasi-case study of one academic librarian's experience as an embedded librarian in multiple online courses over a five-year period. Technology used included chat, email, and a librarian question-and-answer bulletin board inside an eCollege course management system, and a dedicated-use ElluminateLive! virtual training room for…

  13. Academic Peer Instruction: Reference and Training Manual (with Answers)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zaritsky, Joyce; Toce, Andi

    2013-01-01

    This manual consists of an introduction to our Academic Peer Instruction (API) program at LaGuardia Community College, a compilation of the materials we have developed and use for training of our tutors (with answers), and a bibliography. API is based on an internationally recognized peer tutoring program, Supplemental Instruction. (Contains 6…

  14. Reconsidering the Personnel Selection Practices of Academic Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lehner, John A.

    1997-01-01

    Critiques the process for selecting academic librarians. Discusses the role of job analysis, the use of reference checks, structured interviews, open sessions, candidate presentations, and performance testing. Concludes that many of the deficiencies in academic library selection could be corrected without undermining the collegial and…

  15. The Need for a Value-Based Reference Policy: John Rawls at the Reference Desk.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Wendell G.

    1994-01-01

    Discusses the need for a value-based reference policy and suggests one based on John Rawls' system in "A Theory of Justice" that provides equitable service to all members of an academic community while permitting the librarian to uphold the ideal of freedom of access to information. (11 references) (LRW)

  16. Can Consortial Reference Partners Answer Your Local Users' Library Questions?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bishop, Bradley Wade

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to explore location-based questions as a weakness of virtual reference consortia and discuss how to mitigate related issues. Content analysis of how both local and non-local academic librarians responded to location-based questions provides insight into considerations academic libraries must make when participating…

  17. Reference, Coherence and Complexity in Students' Academic Writing: Examples from Cameroon and East-Africa Corpus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmied, Josef; Nkemleke, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    This contribution discusses problems of students' academic writing in Africa. It sketches the wide field of English for Academic Purposes (EAP) and argues that reference, coherence and complexity are key concepts for evaluating student writing at university level. It uses material from African corpora to substantiate this claim and to illustrate…

  18. Visualizing Keyword Distribution across Multidisciplinary C-Space; Google Meets eBay: What Academic Librarians Can Learn from Alternative Information Providers; Trends in Use of Electronic Journals in Higher Education in the UK-Views of Academic Staff and Students; DOI: A 2003 Progress Report; Understanding the International Audiences for Digital Cultural Content.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beagle, Donald; Kenney, Anne R.; McGovern, Nancy Y.; Martinez, Ida T.; Heidig, Lance J.; Bonthron, Karen; Urquhart, Christine; Thomas, Rhian; Ellis, David; Everitt, Jean; Lonsdale, Ray; McDermott, Elizabeth; Morris, Helen; Phillips, Rebecca; Spink, Sian; Yeoman, Alison; Armstrong, Chris; Fenton, Roger; Paskin, Norman; Miller, Paul; Dawson, David; Perkins, John

    2003-01-01

    Includes five articles that discusses c-space as a visualization schema related to keyword distribution in information retrieval; academic librarians and alternative information providers, such as Google and eBay; electronic journal use in higher education in the United Kingdom; digital object identifiers; and international audiences for digital…

  19. A Usability Evaluation of Academic Virtual Reference Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chow, Anthony S.; Croxton, Rebecca A.

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the usability of five virtual reference services--instant messenger chat, e-mail, telephone, text messaging, and Skype videoconferencing--by having 31 undergraduate and graduate students evaluate the usability of the virtual reference services of two different universities. The study's results suggest that user preference and…

  20. The Academic Librarian Labor Market and the Role of the Master of Library Science Degree: 1975 through 2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grimes, Marybeth F.; Grimes, Paul W.

    2008-01-01

    To examine the evolving role of the Master of Library Science (MLS) degree in academic libraries, pooled cross-sectional data were collected from job advertisements in "College and Research Library News." Beginning with 1975 and continuing at 5-year intervals through 2005, pertinent information from all job advertisements in each monthly issue…

  1. What Qualifications and Skills Are Important for Digital Librarian Positions in Academic Libraries? A Job Advertisement Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Choi, Youngok; Rasmussen, Edie

    2009-01-01

    As academic library functions and activities continue to evolve, libraries have broadened the traditional library model, which focuses on management of physical resources and activities, to include a digital library model, transforming resources and services into digital formats to support teaching, learning, and research. This transition has…

  2. NASA/DOD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. Report 22: US academic librarians and technical information specialists as information intermediaries: Results of the phase 3 survey

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pinelli, Thomas E.; Barclay, Rebecca O.; Kennedy, John M.

    1994-01-01

    The U.S. government technical report is a primary means by which the results of federally funded research and development (R&D) are transferred to the U.S. aerospace industry. However, little is known about this information product in terms of its actual use, importance, and value in the transfer of federally funded R&D. To help establish a body of knowledge, the U.S. government technical report is being investigated as part of the NASA/DOD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. In this report, we summarize the literature on technical reports and provide a model that depicts the transfer of federally funded aerospace R&D via the U.S. government technical report. We present results from our investigation of aerospace knowledge diffusion vis-a-vis the U.S. government technical report, and present the results of research that investigated aerospace knowledge diffusion vis-a-vis U.S. academic librarians and technical information specialists as information intermediaries.

  3. Librarians Forever!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gharst, Loretta

    2010-01-01

    The rumored death of librarianship caused by the advent of technology has not, and will not, come to pass. In this article, the author describes how technology has exponentially increased the librarian's ability to provide library service at the Calcasieu Parish Public Library, where she serves as head of Collection & Computing Services. The core…

  4. Improving the Virtual Reference Experience: How Closely Do Academic Libraries Adhere to RUSA Guidelines?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Platt, Jessica; Benson, Pete

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to measure the degree to which academic libraries or library staff members throughout the United States adhere to the Guidelines for Virtual Reference Services provided by the Reference & User Services Association (RUSA). The results of the study were analyzed to identify specific areas where improvement is needed in…

  5. Chat Reference Training after One Decade: The Results of a National Survey of Academic Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Devine, Christopher; Paladino, Emily Bounds; Davis, John A.

    2011-01-01

    The first comprehensive national survey of all academic libraries in the United States which were conducting chat reference service was carried out to determine: what practices were being used to prepare personnel for chat reference service, what competencies were being taught, how and why training practices may have changed over time, and what…

  6. A Survey of the Usability of Digital Reference Services on Academic Health Science Library Web Sites

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dee, Cheryl; Allen, Maryellen

    2006-01-01

    Reference interactions with patrons in a digital library environment using digital reference services (DRS) has become widespread. However, such services in many libraries appear to be underutilized. A study surveying the ease and convenience of such services for patrons in over 100 academic health science library Web sites suggests that…

  7. Assessment of Children Referred for Evaluation of School Difficulties Who Have Adequate Academic Achievement Scores.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Allison E.; Singer-Harris, Naomi; Bernstein, Jane H.; Waber, Deborah P.

    2000-01-01

    Forty children (ages 7-11) referred for evaluation of learning problems, who had normal scores on measures of academic achievement, were compared to 81 similarly referred children who had scored low. Children with normal achievement scores had higher IQs and better decoding skills, however, the two groups showed similar neuropsychological…

  8. Where Do We Go from Here? Informing Academic Library Staffing through Reference Transaction Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bishop, Bradley Wade; Bartlett, Jennifer A.

    2013-01-01

    This study conducted a systematic sample of every 70th reference transaction from over a three-year period and analyzed 1,852 reference transactions asked at an academic library system's fifteen face-to-face (f2f) service points as well as via telephone, e-mail, and chat. Findings indicate two-thirds of the total questions asked were…

  9. The Role of the Systems Librarian.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Susan K.

    1988-01-01

    Discussion of the library, its information providing function, and the systems librarian examines: (1) the impact of information technology on libraries; (2) library organization charts; and (3) position advertisements--who are systems librarians, what do they do, and what should they do? (seven references) (MES)

  10. Win-Win Strategy for the Employment of Reference Graduate Assistants in Academic Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Qi

    2003-01-01

    Discusses the application of win-win mindsets and strategy in the employment of LIS (library and information science) graduate assistants in academic library reference services. Considers recruitment, training and support, transition, treating graduate assistants as colleagues, differences from graduate assistants who are not LIS students, and…

  11. A Survey and Empirical Study of Virtual Reference Service in Academic Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mu, Xiangming; Dimitroff, Alexandra; Jordan, Jeanette; Burclaff, Natalie

    2011-01-01

    Virtual Reference Services (VRS) have high user satisfaction. The main problem is its low usage. We surveyed 100 academic library web sites to understand how VRS are presented. We then conducted a usability study to further test an active VRS model regarding its effectiveness.

  12. User Education in the Academic Library: Media Methods for Reference Work. An Annotated Bibliography. Updated.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wharton, Sika

    This annotated bibliography focuses on academic library usage of audiovisual (AV) methods of instruction, particularly for the enhancement of the reference teaching function. The bibliography's objectives are as follows: to identify current trends with regard to AV methods in library orientation and bibliographic instruction; to isolate instances…

  13. There Goes My Image: The Perception of Male Librarians by Colleague, Student, and Self.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrisey, Locke J.; Case, Donald O.

    1988-01-01

    This study used semantic differential scales to compare the perceptions of male librarians among undergraduates, graduate students, and university librarians. It was found that male librarians believe that they are viewed in a negative light, while other respondents reported positive perceptions of male librarians. (40 references) (Author/CLB)

  14. Changing the face of reference: adapting biomedical and health information services for the classroom, clinic, and beyond.

    PubMed

    Tennant, Michele R; Auten, Beth; Botero, Cecilia E; Butson, Linda C; Edwards, Mary E; Garcia-Milian, Rolando; Lyon, Jennifer A; Norton, Hannah F

    2012-01-01

    This article describes how the reference department at a large academic health sciences library evolved to address the clinical and research information needs of the parent organization without losing its close connections to the classroom and curriculum. Closing the reference desk, moving to on-call and house call models, designing positions such as clinical research librarian and basic biomedical sciences librarian, finding alternative funding to grow the department, providing technology and training to facilitate librarians' work, and developing programming for and taking advice from library clients facilitated efforts to create a relevant presence and solidify the library's place in the university community. PMID:22853302

  15. Seeking Full Citizenship: A Defense of Tenure Faculty Status for Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coker, Catherine; vanDuinkerken, Wyoma; Bales, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    Tenure status for library faculty in the academic environment is coming under increasing attack from administration, faculty members in other departments, and non-academics. This is due to incorrect perceptions about what academic librarians do and how they serve their profession. This paper describes the many challenges faculty librarians face in…

  16. Restructuring a Liaison Program in an Academic Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mozenter, Frada; Sanders, Bridgette T.; Welch, Jeanie M.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses academic library liaison programs and describes the restructuring of a liaison program at the University of North Carolina, Charlotte to help strengthen the relationship between the library and the teaching faculty. Also reports results of a survey of selected departments that assessed the effectiveness of reference librarians as…

  17. Marketing Academic Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mallon, Melissa, Ed.

    2013-01-01

    Ask any academic librarian if marketing their library and its services is an important task, and the answer will most likely be a resounding "yes!" Particularly in economically troubled times, librarians are increasingly called upon to promote their services and defend their library's worth. Since few academic libraries have in-house marketing…

  18. It Is Not Just about the Schedule: Key Factors in Effective Reference Desk Scheduling and Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sciammarella, Susan; Fernandes, Maria Isabel; McKay, Devin

    2008-01-01

    Reference desk scheduling is one of the most challenging tasks in the organizational structure of an academic library. The ability to turn this challenge into a workable and effective function lies with the scheduler and indirectly the cooperation of all librarians scheduled for reference desk service. It is the scheduler's sensitivity to such…

  19. Changes in Reference Question Complexity Following the Implementation of a Proactive Chat System: Implications for Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maloney, Krisellen; Kemp, Jan H.

    2015-01-01

    There has been longstanding debate about whether the level of complexity of questions received at reference desks and via online chat services requires a librarian's expertise. Continued decreases in the number and complexity of reference questions have all but ended the debate; many academic libraries no longer staff service points with…

  20. A Survey of Librarian Perceptions of Information Literacy Techniques

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yearwood, Simone L.; Foasberg, Nancy M.; Rosenberg, Kenneth D.

    2015-01-01

    Teaching research competencies and information literacy is an integral part of the academic librarian's role. There has long been debate among librarians over what are the most effective methods of instruction for college students. Library Faculty members at a large urban university system were surveyed to determine their perceptions of the…

  1. Rights Well: An Authors' Rights Workshop for Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wirth, Andrea A.; Chadwell, Faye A.

    2010-01-01

    This article seeks to make a compelling case for authors' rights training through emphasis on academic librarians' dual roles as both authors and as liaisons to research and teaching faculty. Using the example of the Rights Well Workshop developed at Oregon State University Libraries, the article demonstrates the value of training librarians as…

  2. Service Orientation as a Selection Criterion for Public Services Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Gillian; Allen, Bryce

    1992-01-01

    This study examined the use of service orientation as a selection criterion for public services librarians in public and academic libraries. Analysis of job advertisements and data collected by questionnaires sent to a sample of individuals responsible for hiring public services librarians indicated the importance of service orientation. (three…

  3. In Pursuit of the Muse: Librarians Who Write.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chepesiuk, Ron

    1991-01-01

    This article profiles six librarians in academic and public libraries who discuss how they balance their dual careers as authors and librarians. The influence of librarianship on their writing is described, the influence of writing on their careers in librarianship is considered, and the problems of finding time for both careers is discussed. (LRW)

  4. Mary E. Hall: Dawn of the Professional School Librarian

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alto, Teresa

    2012-01-01

    A century ago, a woman named Mary E. Hall convinced school leaders of the need for the professional school librarian--a librarian who cultivated a love of reading, academic achievement, and independent learning skills. After graduating from New York City's Pratt Institute Library School in 1895, Hall developed her vision for the high school…

  5. Toward a New Enterprise: Capitalizing on the Faculty/Librarian Partnership.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ducas, Ada M.; Michaud-Oystryk, Nicole

    2003-01-01

    Describes a study that explored the interaction between academic librarians and faculty at the University of Manitoba, the impact of librarian's contributions, and the future roles of librarians. Highlights include teaching and instruction; information services; information technology; research; collections; and the willingness of faculty to…

  6. Trends in reference usage statistics in an academic health sciences library

    PubMed Central

    De Groote, Sandra L.; Hitchcock, Kristin; McGowan, Richard

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: To examine reference questions asked through traditional means at an academic health sciences library and place this data within the context of larger trends in reference services. Methodology: Detailed data on the types of reference questions asked were collected during two one-month periods in 2003 and 2004. General statistics documenting broad categories of questions were compiled over a fifteen-year period. Results: Administrative data show a steady increase in questions from 1990 to 1997/98 (23,848 to 48,037, followed by a decline through 2004/05 to 10,031. The distribution of reference questions asked over the years has changed—including a reduction in mediated searches 2,157 in 1990/91 to 18 in 2004/05, an increase in instruction 1,284 in 1993/94 to 1,897 in 2004/05 and an increase in digital reference interactions 0 in 1999/2000 to 581 in 2004/05. The most commonly asked questions at the current reference desk are about journal holdings 19%, book holdings 12%, and directional issues 12%. Conclusions: This study provides a unique snapshot of reference services in the contemporary library, where both online and offline services are commonplace. Changes in questions have impacted the way the library provides services, but traditional reference remains the core of information services in this health sciences library. PMID:17252063

  7. Cultural Literacy and Reference Service.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    D'Aniello, Charles A.

    1989-01-01

    Examines the role of library reference services in the enhancement of cultural literacy. The discussion covers the relationship between the extent of cultural literacy possessed by reference librarians and the quality of librarian patron interactions, and the role of reference sources in the cultural literacy of librarians and patrons. (53…

  8. The Pivotal Role of Frames of Reference in Academic Self-Concept Formation: The "Big Fish-Little Pond" Effect.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsh, Herbert W.; Craven, Rhonda G.

    This chapter examines how adolescents' self-concept beliefs are powerfully influenced by frame of reference effects, which involve students comparisons of their ability levels with those of other students in the immediate context as well as assessments of their own ability and academic accomplishments. Noting that academic self-concept is…

  9. Cooperation among Catholic and Public Academic Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morahan, Marie Joseph

    1978-01-01

    Guidelines and objectives of the Academic Librarians Exchange Program, which facilitates sharing of professional librarians among the college libraries of Rockland County, are described. Future developments could include the expansion of this program into the public libraries. (MBR)

  10. A community of practice: librarians in a biomedical research network.

    PubMed

    De Jager-Loftus, Danielle P; Midyette, J David; Harvey, Barbara

    2014-01-01

    Providing library and reference services within a biomedical research community presents special challenges for librarians, especially those in historically lower-funded states. These challenges can include understanding needs, defining and communicating the library's role, building relationships, and developing and maintaining general and subject specific knowledge. This article describes a biomedical research network and the work of health sciences librarians at the lead intensive research institution with librarians from primarily undergraduate institutions and tribal colleges. Applying the concept of a community of practice to a collaborative effort suggests how librarians can work together to provide effective reference services to researchers in biomedicine. PMID:24528265

  11. The Educational Role of Health Sciences Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rankin, Jocelyn A.; Sayre, Jean Williams

    1993-01-01

    Considers the expanding educational role of health sciences librarians in both academic centers and in hospitals resulting from influences of new educational models and new technology. Topics addressed include undergraduate health sciences education; continuing education; new technology and medical informatics; library educational programs;…

  12. Distance Learning Librarians: Their Shared Vision

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Casey, Anne Marie

    2009-01-01

    Shared vision is a component of leadership that fosters innovation through buy-in at all levels of the organization. At times, people see a need for innovation but do not have the power to make changes on their own. Many librarians in academic institutions that were early adopters of distance learning envisioned a need for new services that were…

  13. Mobile Libraries: Librarians' and Students' Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aharony, Noa

    2014-01-01

    This study which is based on the Technological Acceptance Model (TAM), seeks to explore whether librarians and LIS students are familiar with the newest technological innovations and whether they are ready to accept them. The research was conducted in Israel during the first and second semesters of the 2012 academic year and considered two…

  14. Faculty Status for Librarians in the State University of New York, A Short History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hubbard, Terry E.; Mielke, John

    Since 1966 the librarians of the State University of New York (SUNY) have been working toward full faculty status for themselves on all 33 campuses. In that year the Chancellor's Advisory Committee on Libraries recommended: library titles equivalent to existing academic titles; a range of librarians' salaries equivalent to those in academic ranks;…

  15. Building a Children's Literature Collection. A Suggested Basic Reference Collection for Academic Libraries. A Suggested Basic Collection of Children's Books.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quimby, Harriet B.; And Others

    The first section of this two-part bibliography contains a bibliographic essay on building a basic reference collection about children's literature for academic libraries, followed by a list of the basic reference works. These cover such areas as history of children's literature, authors, illustrators, readings, awards and prizes, international…

  16. Now It's Necessary: Virtual Reference Services at Washington State University, Pullman

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nicol, Erica Carlson; Crook, Linda

    2013-01-01

    While virtual reference services (VRS) are becoming more and more common in academic libraries, implementing and maintaining well-used and effective VRS can be a challenge in the face of competing demands on time, staffing, and funding. Between 2011 and 2012, librarians at Washington State University, Pullman (WSU) have overhauled and reorganized…

  17. America's Bicentennial; Some Ideas for Librarians. Revised and Updated Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    San Francisco Public Library, CA. Bay Area Reference Center.

    The Bay Area Reference Center (BARC) held a workshop to present some bicentennial ideas for librarians. Speakers discussed possible librarian involvement in the American Issues Forum; a bicentennial reading, viewing, and listening list for children; press criticism of such a list produced for adults; black American attitudes toward the…

  18. The New Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Starkman, Neal

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author describes how the role of school librarians has transformed. Today's school librarians do much more than stock shelves with books. They may do any or all of the following: (1) facilitate "library" classes that help students understand how to use technology to conduct research, doling out homework and conducting…

  19. Solo Librarians Working Collaboratively

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nickel, Robbie

    2011-01-01

    The Elko County School District in Nevada has elementary school librarians that are "solo" librarians. Over the last several years they have worked to collaborate on meeting monthly--even though the district covers 17,100 square miles--and on providing professional development face to face and online. Sharing and collaboration help them to problem…

  20. Negotiation for the Librarian

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grogg, Jill E.

    2008-01-01

    Librarians engage in some sort of negotiation all the time. Unfortunately, library schools do not uniformly teach negotiation theory or skills. New librarians are left to their own devices to self-educate, and self-educate they must. Most of the library-specific negotiation literature and continuing education opportunities focus almost entirely on…

  1. Contemporary Instructor-Librarian Collaboration: A Case Study of an Online Embedded Librarian Implementation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Mary E.; Black, Erik W.

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports the results of a case study evaluation of an embedded librarian project at a large, land-grant, research institution. The case is comprised of learners who are full-time academic health care professionals enrolled in an online graduate educational technology program. The mixed methods methodology focused on assessing the…

  2. Distance Education Faculty and Librarian Collaboration: Developing Technological Skills of School Librarian Candidates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parrott, Deborah J.; Anderson, Joanna M.

    2015-01-01

    LibGuides, as a method of creating pathfinders for instruction of information literacy and content management has long been used by academic libraries, but has not been widely used by school libraries. This article describes a collaborative plan between a distance education librarian and a professor of school library media using LibGuides to…

  3. Astronomy Librarian - Quo Vadis?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lagerstrom, Jill; Grothkopf, Uta

    "You don't look like a librarian" is a phrase we often hear in the astronomy department or observatory library. Astronomy librarians are a breed apart, and are taking on new and non-traditional roles as information technology evolves. This talk will explore the future of librarians and librarianship through the lens of some of the recent talks given at the sixth "Libraries and Information Services in Astronomy" conference held in Pune, India in February 2010. We will explore the librarian's universe, illustrating how librarians use new technologies to perform such tasks as bibliometrics, how we are re-fashioning our library spaces in an increasingly digital world and how we are confronting the brave new world of Open Access, to name but a few topics.

  4. Reference Reviewed and Re-Envisioned: Revamping Librarian and Desk-Centric Services with LibStARs and LibAnswers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevens, Christy R.

    2013-01-01

    The first section of this article reviews the literature on the changing face of reference, beginning with a discussion of the national decline in reference transactions, its causes, and the likelihood that online reference services might one day halt or reverse the decline. It then analyzes definitions of the term "reference," pointing to a…

  5. Patron perception and utilization of an embedded librarian program

    PubMed Central

    Blake, Lindsay; Ballance, Darra; Davies, Kathy; Gaines, Julie K.; Mears, Kim; Shipman, Peter; Connolly-Brown, Maryska; Burchfield, Vicki

    2016-01-01

    Objective The study measured the perceived value of an academic library's embedded librarian service model. Setting The study took place at the health sciences campuses of a research institution. Methods A web-based survey was distributed that asked respondents a series of questions about their utilization of and satisfaction with embedded librarians and services. Results Over 58% of respondents reported being aware of their embedded librarians, and 95% of these were satisfied with provided services. Conclusions The overall satisfaction with services was encouraging, but awareness of the embedded program was low, suggesting an overall need for marketing of services. PMID:27366124

  6. Customer or Refined Student? Reflections on the "Customer" Metaphor in the Academic Environment and the New Pedagogical Challenge to the Libraries and Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tovote, Christina

    This paper discusses customer services in academic libraries. The first section addresses the concept of the "customer." Thereafter, the paper applies the metaphor of the producer and its consumers to the relationship between a university and its students. The second section looks at education as a process of refinement. Next, the establishment of…

  7. Brick and Click Libraries: Proceedings of an Academic Library Symposium (Northwest Missouri State University, Maryville, Missouri, October 14, 2005)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ury, Connie Jo., Ed.; Baudino, Frank, Ed.

    2005-01-01

    These proceedings document the fifth year of the "Brick and Click Libraries Symposium", held annually at Northwest Missouri State University in Maryville, Missouri. Thirty five peer-reviewed papers and abstracts, written by academic librarians, and presented at the symposium are included in this volume. Many of the entries have references and…

  8. The Leadership Potential of School Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Angela Powers

    2013-01-01

    Since their origin in 1925, standards for elementary school library programs have outlined role expectations for the school librarian. As the passage of time introduced new technologies into the world of education, these standards were reviewed and revised. After each revision, the standards, which were later referred to as guidelines, reflected…

  9. Manual for Librarians in Small Hospitals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colaianni, Lois Ann; Mirsky, Phyllis S.

    Discussed in this manual for the inexperienced librarian in a small hospital library are: organization and administration; book selection and ordering; cataloging and catalog cards; classification; labeling of books; selecting and processing journals; interlibrary loans; reference services; and circulation. A suggested basic starter collection of…

  10. The Disembodied Librarian in the Digital Age.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martell, Charles

    2000-01-01

    Explains four historical discontinuities: time and space; mind and body; real and virtual; and humans and technology. Considers how an awareness of them can assist librarians in creating virtual space for libraries, adapting to changing roles, and developing new value-added services. (Contains 126 references.) (Author/LRW)

  11. Bibliographies. The Librarian's Bookshelf.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bourdon, Cathleen

    2002-01-01

    This bibliography for materials helpful to librarians includes works relating to administration and personnel; bibliographic instruction; information literacy; cataloging and classification; children's and adolescent services and materials; collection development; copyright; distance education; electronic libraries; evaluation; fund raising;…

  12. Computer Aided Reference Services in the Academic Library: Experiences in Organizing and Operating an Online Reference Service.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoover, Ryan E.

    1979-01-01

    Summarizes the development of the Computer-Aided Reference Services (CARS) division of the University of Utah Libraries' reference department. Development, organizational structure, site selection, equipment, management, staffing and training considerations, promotion and marketing, budget and pricing, record keeping, statistics, and evaluation…

  13. In the Eye of the Beholder: How Librarians Have Been Viewed over Time.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Church, Gary Mason

    2002-01-01

    Provides a summary of views, or images, of librarians extending back to the 18th century, focusing on academic librarians. Presents traits that comprise these images, sources or origins of the images, groups that hold the images, and why current images are indefinite and blurry. (Author/LRW)

  14. School Librarians Continue to Help Students Achieve Standards: "The Third Colorado Study (2010)." A Closer Look

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francis, Briana Hovendick; Lance, Keith Curry; Lietzau, Zeth

    2010-01-01

    In 2000, the Colorado State Library published "How School Librarians Help Kids Achieve Standards: The Second Colorado Study." This follow-up study is the third Colorado study of the impact of school libraries and librarians on academic achievement, and the second study to examine their impact on student performance on the Colorado Student…

  15. Pursuing Tenure and Promotion in the Academy: A Librarian's Cautionary Tale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffin, Karin L.

    2013-01-01

    The author examines her journey before and as she pursued tenure and promotion in the academy. She argues that the path to tenure and promotion in higher education institutions was not one designed to provide a fair and equitable process for Black female faculty who function as academic librarians. Further, she suggests that librarians in this…

  16. Librarians as Members of Integrated Institutional Information Programs: Management and Organizational Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Rachael K.; Fuller, Sherrilynne S.

    1992-01-01

    Describes the roles and relationships that developed among librarians, faculty, and higher education institutions in the Integrated Academic Information Management Systems environment, funded by the National Library of Medicine. Organizational and management issues that emerged as librarians became integral to teaching and administration are…

  17. 2. The Data Librarian: introducing the Data Librarian

    PubMed Central

    Liscouski, Joe

    1997-01-01

    This paper provides some initial considerations into the design and function of the Data Librarian. The first part (Liscouski, J., 1997, Journal of Automatic Chemistry, 19, 193-197) described the need for the Librarian. PMID:18924809

  18. Reference Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bivens-Tatum, Wayne

    2006-01-01

    This article presents interesting articles that explore several different areas of reference assessment, including practical case studies and theoretical articles that address a range of issues such as librarian behavior, patron satisfaction, virtual reference, or evaluation design. They include: (1) "Evaluating the Quality of a Chat Service"…

  19. Reference Readiness for AV Questions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drolet, Leon L., Jr.

    1981-01-01

    Reviews 50 reference tools which librarians can use to answer almost any audiovisual question including queries on trivia, equipment selection, biographical information, and motion picture ratings. (LLS)

  20. The Association of Christian Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ashby, Patricia W.

    The Association of Christian Librarians is an interdenominational organization of 300 members made up of Christian librarians sharing interests in library service in Christian higher education. From its birth at a 1957 conference of 17 librarians, the association has grown to over 300 members. The association strives to promote, develop, and…

  1. Learning about the Endangered Librarian

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bromley, Karen

    2011-01-01

    This article describes interviews with 40 elementary school librarians conducted by pre-service and in-service teachers. The purpose of the interviews was for education students to understand the responsibilities of the librarian, how the librarian might support them as teachers, and the future of the position in today's schools. Results suggest…

  2. Librarians as hidden gems in a clinical team.

    PubMed

    Schwing, Laurie J; Coldsmith, Elizabeth E

    2005-01-01

    Medical librarians typically contribute to patient care from the confines of the library in response to practitioners' requests for literature searches, information pearls, and evidence-based information. While this model has long served the needs of active clinicians, the learning environment of residency programs is ripe for innovative librarian involvement. This paper illustrates how the librarian can become part of a clinical team outside of the library and provide real-time reference services while teaching by example. Benefits of the alliance include the integration of disciplines to provide enhanced resident learning and improved patient care. PMID:15760831

  3. Emerging roles for biomedical librarians: a survey of current practice, challenges, and changes

    PubMed Central

    Crum, Janet A.; Cooper, I. Diane

    2013-01-01

    Objective: This study is intended to (1) identify emerging roles for biomedical librarians and determine how common these roles are in a variety of library settings, (2) identify barriers to taking on new roles, and (3) determine how librarians are developing the capacity to take on new roles. Methods: A survey was conducted of librarians in biomedical settings. Results: Most biomedical librarians are taking on new roles. The most common roles selected by survey respondents include analysis and enhancement of user experiences, support for social media, support for systematic reviews, clinical informationist, help for faculty or staff with authorship issues, and implementation of researcher profiling and collaboration tools. Respondents in academic settings are more likely to report new roles than hospital librarians are, but some new roles are common in both settings. Respondents use a variety of methods to free up time for new roles, but predominant methods vary between directors and librarians and between academic and hospital respondents. Lack of time is the biggest barrier that librarians face when trying to adopt new roles. New roles are associated with increased collaboration with individuals and/or groups outside the library. Conclusion and Implications: This survey documents the widespread incorporation of new roles in biomedical libraries in the United States, as well as the barriers to adopting these roles and the means by which librarians are making time for them. The results of the survey can be used to inform strategic planning, succession planning, library education, and career development for biomedical librarians. PMID:24163599

  4. Digital chat reference in health science libraries: challenges in initiating a new service.

    PubMed

    Dee, Cheryl R; Newhouse, Joshua D

    2005-01-01

    Digital reference service adds a valuable new dimension to health science reference services, but the road to implementation can present questions that require carefully considered decisions. This article incorporates suggestions from the published literature, provides tips from interviews with practicing academic health science librarians, and reports on data from students' exploration of academic health science library Web sites' digital reference services. The goal of this study is to provide guidelines to plan new services, assess user needs, and select software, and to showcase potential benefits of collaboration and proactive and user-friendly marketing. In addition, tips for successful operation and evaluation of services are discussed. PMID:15982952

  5. Are They Learning? Are We? Learning Outcomes and the Academic Library

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oakleaf, Megan

    2011-01-01

    Since the 1990s, the assessment of learning outcomes in academic libraries has accelerated rapidly, and librarians have come to recognize the necessity of articulating and assessing student learning outcomes. Initially, librarians developed tools and instruments to assess information literacy student learning outcomes. Now, academic librarians are…

  6. The Incredible Embeddable Librarian

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dale, Jenny; Kellam, Lynda

    2012-01-01

    The "embedded librarian" as a concept has emerged in the literature only recently, but has quickly gained footing as a model of practice. Many scholarly explorations of embedded librarianship have been published, though no two works define this concept in the exact same way. David Shumaker's description seems to be particularly apt: "Embedded…

  7. The SOLO Librarian's Sourcebook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siess, Judith A.

    This book provides an introduction to single staff information services, or SOLO librarianship. SOLO librarians are usually found in corporate libraries, private companies, small public libraries, museums, schools, churches or synagogues, prisons, law firms, hospitals or special libraries with specialized or limited materials and services with…

  8. Reinventing the medical librarian.

    PubMed Central

    Anderson, R K

    1989-01-01

    The caliber of the librarian is a health sciences library's most important resource. This paper explores factors which have influenced who has, or who has not, entered the profession of medical librarianship, and discusses several attributes which the author considers critical for restructuring the profession to meet current and future needs. PMID:2790341

  9. Bibliometrics, Librarians, and Bibliograms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Howard D.

    2016-01-01

    This paper sets forth an integrated way of introducing bibliometrics to relatively non-quantitative audiences, such as librarians and iSchool students. The integrative device is the bibliogram, a linguistic object consisting of a seed term and the terms that co-occur with it, ranked by their co-occurrence counts with the seed--a standard…

  10. A Librarian's Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fiske, John

    2008-01-01

    John Fiske (1842-1901) was an American historian, philosopher, lecturer, and prolific author. Renowned as a popularizer of evolutionary theory, Fiske rubbed elbows with Charles Darwin and Herbert Spencer. From 1872-79 he served as Assistant Librarian at Harvard University, occupied mainly with what is known today as "Technical Services," i.e.,…

  11. Gates Speaks to Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    St. Lifer, Evan

    1997-01-01

    In an interview, Microsoft CEO Bill Gates answers questions about the Gates Library Foundation; Libraries Online; tax-support for libraries; comparisons to Andrew Carnegie; charges of "buying" the library market; Internet filters, policies, and government censorship; the future of the World Wide Web and the role of librarians in its future.(PEN)

  12. Leadership Development for Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penland, Patrick R.

    The purpose of this manual is to provide a guide to the inservice training of librarians for community liaison through the group work process. The manual was developed for the supervisor participants in the Institute on Discovery Management for Supervisors of Library Branches Serving the Underprivileged and Emerging Communities and is a companion…

  13. Accelerating the Academic Achievement of Students Referred to Developmental Education. CCRC Working Paper No. 30

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edgecombe, Nikki

    2011-01-01

    Acceleration, which involves the reorganization of instruction and curricula in ways that facilitate the completion of academic requirements in an expedited manner, is an increasingly popular strategy at community colleges for improving the outcomes of developmental education students. This paper reviews the literature on acceleration and…

  14. A Study on Simulation Methods in Academic Success with Reference to Teaching Biology for Education Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sasikala, P.; Tanyong, Siriwan

    2016-01-01

    The main objective of this study is to determine the utility of simulation methods in biology teaching for nursing students and academic success. 100 students (50 control, 50 experimental) who studied at Srinivasa Teacher Training School, Kalikiri, Recognised by Sri Venkateswara University, Faculty of Education, Tirupati, AP, India, 2014-215…

  15. Confidentiality Policies and Procedures of the Reference Departments in Texas Academic Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilkes, Adeline W.; Grant, Susan Marie

    1995-01-01

    Gives a historical explanation of library confidentiality policies and procedures and reviews notable invasions of patron privacy through use of library records by the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Internal Revenue Service. Also reports on a study that examined patron confidentiality policies in Texas academic library reference…

  16. How to Be an E[superscript 3] Librarian

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMillen, Paula; Fabbi, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    Embedded librarianship is a relatively new term but is a fairly well-established stance in academic librarianship. While the terminology has certainly spawned new activities and vigorous new channels of communication, few are talking about the strategies for expanding and enhancing the position of the librarian and libraries organizationally once…

  17. Furloughed, but Not Forgotten: Activism for Displaced School Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kachel, Debra E.

    2012-01-01

    This school year, and likely the next, unprecedented numbers of teachers and school librarians have and will be furloughed or demoted. These unpaid leaves of absence can be temporary and scheduled to reflect only a few days out of the academic year, or they can be in effect for the entire school year. State regulations and laws, in conjunction…

  18. Continuing Education of Health Sciences Librarians: A National Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Qureshi, Azra

    This study examines continuing education and professional development of 210 health sciences librarians affiliated with 70 academic medical libraries in the United States, which has the most advanced system of education in librarianship in the world. Of the 102 respondents, the largest categories were library directors/administrators and public…

  19. A Survey of Telephone Inquiries: Case Study and Operational Impact in an Academic Library Reference Department.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Frank R.; Smith, Rita H.

    1993-01-01

    Describes a survey that was conducted at the University of Tennessee at Knoxville library to count and categorize the types of questions coming into the reference department from telephone calls. Informational and directional calls are examined, implications for staffing are considered, and queuing theory is applied. (seven references) (LRW)

  20. LibRef-L: Sharing Reference Expertise over the Academic Networks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, Kara; Kovacs, Diane

    1993-01-01

    Describes LibRef-L, an electronic mail-based conference that was developed to provide a forum for the discussion of library reference service issues. Networks and electronic mail are described; a profile of subscribers is given; and how to subscribe to LibRef-L is explained. (two references) (LRW)

  1. Data Scientist Training for Librarians

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Erdmann, C.

    2015-04-01

    Recent studies suggest that there will be a shortfall in the near future of skilled talent available to help take advantage of big data in organizations. Meanwhile, government initiatives have encouraged the research community to share their data more openly, raising new challenges for researchers. Librarians can assist in this new data-driven environment. Data Scientist Training for Librarians (or Data Savvy Librarians) is an experimental course being offered by the Harvard Library to train librarians to respond to the growing data needs of their communities. In the course, librarians familiarize themselves with the research data lifecycle, working hands-on with the latest tools for extracting, wrangling, storing, analyzing, and visualizing data. By experiencing the research data lifecycle themselves, and becoming data savvy and embracing the data science culture, librarians can begin to imagine how their services might be transformed.

  2. A medical librarian's progress.

    PubMed Central

    Braude, R M

    1998-01-01

    The author describes how four medical librarians influenced his career and his values. Louise Darling, Brad Rogers, Estelle Brodman, and Bernice Hetzner became a professional extended family, each one contributing to different aspects of his career path, socialization to the profession, priorities, and principles of management. The lessons they imparted directly and by example are followed through the development of the author's career. Although the norms of the profession are different today, there remains a place for mentors. Images PMID:9578935

  3. The flipped classroom: practices and opportunities for health sciences librarians.

    PubMed

    Youngkin, C Andrew

    2014-01-01

    The "flipped classroom" instructional model is being introduced into medical and health sciences curricula to provide greater efficiency in curriculum delivery and produce greater opportunity for in-depth class discussion and problem solving among participants. As educators employ the flipped classroom to invert curriculum delivery and enhance learning, health sciences librarians are also starting to explore the flipped classroom model for library instruction. This article discusses how academic and health sciences librarians are using the flipped classroom and suggests opportunities for this model to be further explored for library services. PMID:25316072

  4. Academic dishonesty today, unethical practices tomorrow?

    PubMed

    LaDuke, Rebekah D

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this article was to review the most current published literature on the topics of academic dishonesty, unethical professional practices, and research that studied the correlation between these 2 areas of interest. Literature was retrieved by utilizing key words such as academic dishonesty, cheating, workplace dishonesty, and unethical behavior. Multiple research databases were used and a reference librarian in locating relevant research studies resulting in 16 research articles reviewed and 7 articles referenced within the literature review. Upon completion, it became apparent that nursing educators should be concerned that nursing students found to be academically dishonest today may have a higher incidence of displaying unethical practices as a registered nurse tomorrow. It also became clear that the nursing profession needs to conduct its own research in this field to verify findings discovered by other professions such as engineering, business, and psychology. Finally, recommendations were given on how nursing educators should handle the topic of ethics in nursing programs. PMID:24267935

  5. Jean Piaget: An Introduction and Reader's Guide for Children's Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Getts, Marilyn; Giacoma, Pete

    1981-01-01

    Introduces children's librarians to the theories of cognitive growth in children formulated by Jean Piaget. An annotated bibliography of three primary and 16 secondary references is provided to promote insight and to reinforce commitment to children's services. Five references are listed. (RAA)

  6. Keeping Your Ear to the Ground: Top School Librarians Are Constantly Alert for Ways To Team Up with Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paglin, Catherine

    2003-01-01

    Research has linked strong school library programs to academic achievement. In Oregon's Tigard-Tualatin School District, one school librarian collaborates on curriculum units with teachers, weaving instruction on information literacy and research skills throughout the curriculum. In Portland (Oregon), another librarian designs ways for students to…

  7. The U.S. Depository Library Program and the Separation of Powers: A Response to the Librarians' Manifesto.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sprehe, J. Timothy; Morton, Bruce

    1993-01-01

    Two articles respond to the "Librarians' Manifesto," which discusses the U.S. Depository Library Program (DLP). The first urges that DLP be legislatively removed from the Government Printing Office. The second views the manifesto as the mindset of academic librarians, who think the DLP is a collection of entitlement programs for academic…

  8. Evaluating the Reference Interview: Some Factors Influencing Patrons and Professionals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michell, Gillian; Harris, Roma M.

    1987-01-01

    This study examined differences between public library patrons and librarians in their assessments of the competence of librarians they observed in videotaped reference interviews. Interviews varied in the level of nonverbal warmth shown by the librarian toward the patron and in the level of inclusion exhibited. (6 references) (Author/MES)

  9. The Reciprocal Internal/External Frame of Reference Model: An Integration of Models of Relations between Academic Achievement and Self-Concept

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moller, Jens; Retelsdorf, Jan; Koller, Olaf; Marsh, Herb W.

    2011-01-01

    The reciprocal internal/external frame of reference model (RI/EM) combines the internal/external frame of reference model and the reciprocal effects model. The RI/EM predicts positive effects of mathematics and verbal achievement and academic self-concepts (ASC) on subsequent mathematics and verbal achievements and ASCs within domains and negative…

  10. The librarian as research informationist: a case study*

    PubMed Central

    Federer, Lisa

    2013-01-01

    Question: How can an embedded research informationist add value to the scientific output of research teams? Setting: The University of California–Los Angeles (UCLA) Louise M. Darling Biomedical Library is an academic health sciences library serving the clinical, educational, and research needs of the UCLA community. Methods: A grant from the National Library of Medicine funded a librarian to join a UCLA research team as an informationist. The informationist meets regularly with the research team and provides guidance related to data management, preservation, and other information-related issues. Main Results: Early results suggest that the informationist's involvement has influenced the team's data gathering, storage, and curation methods. The UCLA Library has also changed the librarian's title to research informationist to reflect the new activities that she performs. Conclusion: The research informationist role provides an opportunity for librarians to become effective members of research teams and improve research output. PMID:24163601

  11. Teaching Outside the Box: ARL Librarians' Integration of the "One- Box" into Student Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kulp, Christina; McCain, Cheryl; Scrivener, Laurie

    2014-01-01

    This article reports the results of a survey that targeted reference and instruction librarians who work at libraries that are members of the Asso- ciation of Research Libraries (ARL). Respondents were asked to indicate whether or not they teach students to use the one-box tool, and why or why not. Based on the responses of the 352 librarians who…

  12. Directory of International and Area Studies Librarians in Ohio, 1997-1999.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Case, Beau David, Comp.; Riedinger, Edward A., Comp.

    This work published every 2 years is a directory of international and area studies librarians in Ohio. It is the first project of the Organization of International and Area Studies Librarians in Ohio (OIALO) organized in July 1996. This directory identifies 35 individuals with experience in collection development, reference service, and cataloging…

  13. Classroom Management and the Librarian

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blackburn, Heidi; Hays, Lauren

    2014-01-01

    As librarians take on more instructional responsibilities, the need for classroom management skills becomes vital. Unfortunately, classroom management skills are not taught in library school and therefore, many librarians are forced to learn how to manage a classroom on the job. Different classroom settings such as one-shot instruction sessions…

  14. Evaluating Community College Faculty Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holleman, Peggy

    1983-01-01

    Discusses the performance evaluation problems specific to community college librarians, looking at student evaluations of librarians, peer evaluations, and self-evaluations. Compares two methods, one measuring job performance and professional development factors on a Likert scale and the other consisting of some variation of management by…

  15. Children's Librarians: What Are They?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fisher, Heather

    2000-01-01

    Presents results of a survey of 22 Australian libraries aimed at highlighting the common nature, responsibilities, philosophies, and structural factors identified with the term "Children's Librarian." Provides a Children's Librarian profile, and discusses parameters of the specialist position; range of operations; range of skills; vision and…

  16. Continuing Education for Distance Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cassner, Mary; Adams, Kate E.

    2012-01-01

    Distance librarians as engaged professionals work in a complex environment of changes in technologies, user expectations, and institutional goals. They strive to keep current with skills and competencies to support distance learners. This article provides a selection of continuing education opportunities for distance librarians, and is relevant…

  17. Burnout: From a Librarian's Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watstein, Sarah Barbara

    Intended to focus attention on librarians' needs regarding coping with mental and physical occupational stress, this report summarizes the activities of a workshop on the concerns of librarian instructors held in the fall of 1979 by the California Clearinghouse on Library Instruction (CCLI); discusses the various definitions of burnout; and…

  18. [Librarians and the Legislative Process.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walters, Clarence R.

    Librarians' interest in and concern with the legislative process and with their relationship with elected officials is accelerating. The obvious reason for this is the deteriorating financial situation facing libraries of all types. It has become critically important for the future of libraries that librarians become knowledgeable in the contest…

  19. The Principle and the Pragmatist: On Conflict and Coalescence for Librarian Engagement with Open Access Initiatives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potvin, Sarah

    2013-01-01

    This article considers Open Access (OA) training and the supports and structures in place in academic libraries in the United States from the perspective of a new librarian. OA programming is contextualized by the larger project of Scholarly Communication in academic libraries, and the two share a historical focus on journal literature and a…

  20. Scientists' Need for Librarians in the Age of the Internet: Panel Discussion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taam, R.; Birdie, C.; Norris, R.; Isaksson, E.; DeGroote, P.; Bosken, S.

    2012-08-01

    The members of this six person panel discussion include astronomers from Australia, Taiwan and Belgium working for institutions at the forefront of research in astronomy, astrophysics and related physics. The three featured librarians come from India, Finland and the United States representing academic, government and institutional settings. Astronomers rely on librarians to get research materials and historical documents. In the current age of quick and easy communication and publication, there is an essential need for a homogeneous, qualitative and well-maintained repository of knowledge. The goal of this discussion is to focus on collaboration through partnerships between astronomers and librarians both virtually and in person to advance astronomical knowledge.

  1. From both sides now: librarians' experiences at the Rocky Mountain Evidence-Based Health Care Workshop

    PubMed Central

    Traditi, Lisa K.; Le Ber, Jeanne Marie; Beattie, Michelle; Meadows, Susan E.

    2004-01-01

    The Colorado Health Outcomes (COHO) Department of the School of Medicine at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center (UCHSC) coordinates the Rocky Mountain Evidence-Based Health Care (EBHC) Workshop, which has been held annually since 1999. The goals of the workshop include helping participants—physicians, pharmacists, health care policy makers, journalists and librarians—learn and apply skills for critically appraising medical research literature and for effective use of evidence-based information resources. Participants are encouraged to share ideas and to plan local services and instruction for those working in clinical settings. Each year, librarians from UCHSC Denison Memorial Library participate as faculty by teaching searching skills (PubMed, Cochrane Library, ACP Journal Club, etc.), providing support to small groups, and staffing two computer labs. In 2002, Denison Library received a National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) MidContinental Region Impact Award to fund the attendance of three health sciences librarians from the MidContinental Region, an academic education librarian, a clinical medical librarian, and a department librarian. In this paper, the participating librarians share the lessons they learned about how health care practitioners approach evidence-based practice. The participating librarians also share how they incorporated these lessons into their support of evidence-based practice related to teaching about evidence-based resources, assisting health care practitioners with developing answerable questions, enhancing the clinician-librarian partnership, and assisting practitioners in selecting evidence-based resources for quick answers to clinical questions. PMID:14762465

  2. Public Presentations of Professional Change in Academic Research Library Strategic Plans

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bracke, Paul J.

    2012-01-01

    Academic librarianship is a profession in the midst of change. Embedded within multiple social spheres, academic librarians are adapting to changes in higher education, the sociotechnical environment of information, and the system of professions. This research investigates the ways in which academic librarians publicly present the ways in which…

  3. Assessing Library Automation and Virtual Library Development in Four Academic Libraries in Oyo, Oyo State, Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gbadamosi, Belau Olatunde

    2011-01-01

    The paper examines the level of library automation and virtual library development in four academic libraries. A validated questionnaire was used to capture the responses from academic librarians of the libraries under study. The paper discovers that none of the four academic libraries is fully automated. The libraries make use of librarians with…

  4. Librarian readiness for research partnerships*

    PubMed Central

    Mazure, Emily S.; Alpi, Kristine M.

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated health sciences librarians' knowledge and skill-based readiness to partner on sponsored research involving human participants. The authors developed and deployed, at two time points, a web-based survey on nine indicators of research activities with response choices reflecting the transtheoretical model of stages of behavior change. Librarians with research experience or membership in the Medical Library Association Research Section reported higher levels of having completed indicators. Our results suggest that creating awareness in precontemplation responders could encourage skill development. Mentoring and continuing education could support librarians who are contemplating or preparing to perform indicator activities. PMID:25918489

  5. Librarian readiness for research partnerships.

    PubMed

    Mazure, Emily S; Alpi, Kristine M

    2015-04-01

    This study investigated health sciences librarians' knowledge and skill-based readiness to partner on sponsored research involving human participants. The authors developed and deployed, at two time points, a web-based survey on nine indicators of research activities with response choices reflecting the transtheoretical model of stages of behavior change. Librarians with research experience or membership in the Medical Library Association Research Section reported higher levels of having completed indicators. Our results suggest that creating awareness in precontemplation responders could encourage skill development. Mentoring and continuing education could support librarians who are contemplating or preparing to perform indicator activities. PMID:25918489

  6. Beyond Consultation: A New Model for Librarian's Office Hours

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Avery, Susan; Hahn, Jim; Zilic, Melissa

    2008-01-01

    Given the many changes in our students and their study and research practices, libraries are finding it necessary to seek new ways to reach these students. The Undergraduate Library at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign created a new model to do so. Librarian's Office Hours are a hybrid of reference and instructional services that…

  7. Learning the Collection: A New Librarian's Experience in Collection Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewin, Heather

    2010-01-01

    The author is a reference and instruction librarian at Iowa State University with collection development and liaison responsibilities for chemistry, biochemistry, entomology, and natural resource ecology. She recently came to librarianship with an education and three years' experience in biochemistry and biotechnology. During the last four years…

  8. State and Provincial Fish And Wildlife Agencies Librarians National Conference.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanson, Donna M.

    1992-01-01

    Discusses agency library information activities, production and dissemination, and resource access as presented at the first conference of state and provincial fish and game agency librarians. Agencies represented include the Fish and Wildlife Reference Service, Aquaculture, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Bureau of Land Management,…

  9. Expert Systems: An Overview for Teacher-Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orwig, Gary; Barron, Ann

    1992-01-01

    Provides an overview of expert systems for teacher librarians. Highlights include artificial intelligence and expert systems; the development of the MYCIN medical expert system; rule-based expert systems; the use of expert system shells to develop a specific system; and how to select an appropriate application for an expert system. (11 references)…

  10. The Emerging Role for the Librarian in Data Administration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koenig, Michael E. D.; Kochoff, Stephen T.

    1984-01-01

    Reports on recent advances in development and use of database management systems and increased recognition of importance of information requirements determination and the data dictionary/directory which have created a new role for librarians. Further potential for library careers in data administration is discussed. Twenty-seven references and…

  11. Textbook Prices and Their Implications for Social Sciences Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sommer, Robert; Estabrook, Marina

    1990-01-01

    Reports results of a survey of research university and community college faculty regarding perceived quality, estimated price, price-quality relationship, selection criteria, and publishers' policies for textbooks. Implications for librarians of the lack of faculty awareness of textbook prices is discussed. (Six references) (MES)

  12. The Value of Research in Academic Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perkins, Gay Helen; Slowik, Amy J. W.

    2013-01-01

    In the summer of 2010, two researchers interviewed twenty-three library administrators of comparable academic libraries at American universities for their views of the value of research in academic libraries. The interview questions focused on the administrators' perceived value of academic librarians' research, incentives given to academic…

  13. Generalizing the OpenURL Framework beyond References to Scholarly Works: The Bison-Fute Model; Digital Libraries and Education: Trends and Opportunities; E-Books and Their Future in Academic Libraries: An Overview; Penn State Visual Image User Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van de Sompel, Herbert; Beit-Arie, Oren; Roes, Hans; Snowhill, Lucia; Pisciotta, Henry; Brisson, Roger; Ferrin, Eric; Dooris, Michael; Spink, Amanda

    2001-01-01

    Includes four articles that discuss a conceptual framework for open and context-sensitive reference linking for Web-based scholarly information; issues for academic libraries due to increased use of information and communication technologies; the future of electronic books in academic libraries; and an academic library user study on the needs for…

  14. Gathering and Using Patron and Librarian Perceptions of Question-Answering Success.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bunge, Charles A.

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the strengths and weaknesses of patrons and reference librarians as sources of data for the evaluation of the effectiveness of answers to reference questions. Describes the Wisconsin-Ohio Reference Evaluation program and considers staffing patterns, time spent, collection size, and bibliographic instruction. Reference Transaction…

  15. The Social Context of Reference Work: Assessing the Effects of Gender and Communication Skill on Observers' Judgments of Competence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Roma M.; Michell, B. Gillian

    1986-01-01

    Public library users made judgments about the competence of reference librarians whom they observed in videotaped interviews. Two social factors were varied in the interviews: the gender of the librarian, patron, and observers; and the communication behavior exhibited by the reference librarian toward the patron. Nineteen references are cited.…

  16. New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.4: Special Librarian Competencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

    This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by librarians working in a special library. The activities and competencies are organized according to the functions which special librarians perform: acquisitions; cataloging; circulation and user services; collection maintenance; interlibrary loan; management; reference; and…

  17. New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.2: Public Librarian Competencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

    This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by librarians working in a public library. The activities and competencies are organized according to the functions which public librarians perform: acquisitions; cataloging; circulation and reader services; collection maintenance; interlibrary loan; management; reference; and…

  18. New Directions in Library and Information Science Education. Final Report. Volume 2.3: School Librarian Competencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffiths, Jose-Marie; And Others

    This document contains validated activities and competencies needed by librarians working in a school library. The activities and competencies are organized according to the functions which school librarians perform: acquisitions; cataloging; circulation and reader services; collection maintenance; interlibrary loan; management; reference; and…

  19. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Osteoporosis in Women Referring to the Bone Densitometry Academic Center in Urmia, Iran

    PubMed Central

    Naz, Marzieh Saei Ghare; Ozgoli, Giti; Aghdashi, Mir Amir; Salmani, Fatemeh

    2016-01-01

    Background: Osteoporosis is one of the fastest growing health problems around the world. Several factors can affect this silent disease. The current study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors of osteoporosis in women in Urmia, a city in northwestern Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 360 non-pregnant women over the age of 15 who referred for bone density testing to the Urmia Imam Khomeini Academic Hospital. Data were collected by questionnaire, and bone mineral density of the femoral neck and lumbar spines L1- L4 was evaluated by dual X-ray absorptiometry. Results: The total prevalence of osteoporosis in this study was 42.2%; prevalence of osteoporosis among women 45 years old or less was 14.3% and over the age of 45 years was 50.7%. The factors such as level of education, history of bone fracture, disease history (rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, high blood pressure), gravidity and parity values, duration of lactation (p<0.001), nutrition dimension of lifestyle (p=0.03), and green tea consumption (p=002) showed a statistically significant association with the bone mineral density. According to the regression model, age (OR=1.081), history of bone fracture (OR=2.75), and gravidity (OR=1.14) were identified as significant risk factors for osteoporosis, while the body mass index (OR=0.94) was identified as a protector against osteoporosis. Conclusion: The prevalence of osteoporosis in this study was high, and findings showed that the advancement of age, lifestyle, and reproductive factors (especially gravidity and duration of lactation) were determining factors for osteoporosis. Appropriate educational programs and interventions could help to increase the women’s peak bone mass therefore reducing their risk of developing osteoporosis. PMID:26925890

  20. Creating a Reference Toolbox.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Jane

    1997-01-01

    To help students understand that references are tools used to locate specific information, one librarian has her third-grade students create their own reference toolboxes as she introduces dictionaries, atlases, encyclopedias, and thesauri. Presents a lesson plan to introduce print and nonprint thesauri to third and fourth graders and includes a…

  1. Reference Service Training Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mielke, John; Young, William

    This manual is primarily designed as an orientation program for librarians new to the Reference Services Division at the State University of New York at Albany University Libraries. It contains practical information and some of the procedures necessary for providing service at the reference desk in these libraries. The appendices provide samples…

  2. Reference Communities: Applying the Community of Practice Concept to Development of Reference Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Robin E.

    2011-01-01

    Communities of practice offer reference librarians a conceptual model through which to develop and maintain general and subject specific knowledge. Reference librarians acquire general and subject-specific knowledge in many ways, sometimes independently and sometimes collaboratively. Applying the concept of the "community of practice" to reference…

  3. The University of Texas at Arlington's Virtual Reference Service: An Evaluation by the Reference Staff

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Casebier, Katherine D.

    2006-01-01

    The University of Texas at Arlington's Library began using an online chat reference in 2002. The service, called Collaborative Digital Reference Service, later became "Ask a Librarian." Slightly over one year later, the library joined the University of Texas System's "Ask a Librarian" service. Both services are powered by software suite called…

  4. Recruiting the Next Generation of School Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bishop, Kay; Janczak, Sue

    2007-01-01

    In 2003 at the American Association of School Librarians (AASL) 11th National Conference in Kansas City, the AASL Task Force on Recruitment for the Profession noted that 68 percent of school librarians will retire by the year 2015. They also reported extremely severe shortages of school librarians in ten states and severe shortages in 30 states…

  5. Edmodo: A Great Tool for School Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holzweiss, Kristina

    2013-01-01

    School librarians are in a profession where it is easy to be isolated. Often, school districts have only one certified librarian and school librarians must create ways to connect with one another and with other educators. Social media opportunities such as Facebook, LinkedIn, blogs, wikis, and nings are powerful ways of staying connected on a…

  6. Expanding the Repertoire of Reference.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frantz, Paul

    1991-01-01

    Suggests several ways that reference librarians can improve their skills beyond library school training. Reference interviews are discussed; effective methods of browsing the reference collection are described; opportunities for learning at the reference desk are suggested; and professional reading and study is discussed, including professional…

  7. Health care librarians and information literacy: an investigation.

    PubMed

    Kelham, Charlotte

    2014-09-01

    Until relatively recently, the concept of information literacy, and teaching the skills to enable it, was mainly a concern of academic libraries. Now, it is also seen to be of high importance within the context of health care libraries. Health care libraries and librarians can provide crucial support towards the implementation of evidence-based practice in patient care through both information literacy skills training and by conducting mediated searches on behalf of health care practitioners. This article reports the findings from an investigation conducted by Charlotte Kelham as part of her MA in Librarianship from the University of Sheffield. Her dissertation investigated how health care librarians understand the concept of information literacy, the implications of this for their role and their perceptions around how their role is valued. Charlotte graduated from Sheffield in 2013 and is currently job hunting. AM. PMID:25155981

  8. Pulp Poets and Superhero Prophets: A Case for Popular Culture in Academic Library Collection Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blick, William M.

    2015-01-01

    For decades, popular culture was neglected and frowned upon by academics. In recent years, cultural critics, including librarians, have found popular culture materials to be didactic tools, and vital to the study of society and the zeitgeist that has prevailed at the time of their production. As a result, many academic librarians have found it…

  9. Public Library Reference Service--Expectations and Reality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Herbert S.

    1999-01-01

    Discusses expectations of public library reference service and the reality of what librarians can provide amid declining resources. Suggests reference librarians should define the gap between potential and reality in reference service, and inform the customers about how little money it would take to provide better service. Argues that librarians…

  10. School Librarians: Vital Educational Leaders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martineau, Pamela

    2010-01-01

    In the new millennium, school librarians are more likely to be found sitting behind a computer as they update the library web page or create a wiki on genetically modified organisms. Or they might be seen in the library computer lab as they lead students through tutorials on annotated bibliographies or Google docs. If adequately supported, school…

  11. CUSO Librarians: Stories to Tell.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canadian Library Journal, 1985

    1985-01-01

    Reports from five librarians who recently worked for the Canadian University Service Overseas on 2-year contracts in the Third World are excerpted: Molly Walsh Miller (Nigeria); Peggy Sinclair (Papua New Guinea); Doug Arnott (The Gambia, West Africa); and Shirley Giggey (Sierra Leone, West Africa, and Papua New Guinea). (EJS)

  12. Twitter for Libraries (and Librarians)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milstein, Sarah

    2009-01-01

    For many people, the word "twitter" brings to mind birds rather than humans. But information professionals know that Twitter (www.twitter.com) is a fast-growing, free messaging service for people, and it's one that libraries (and librarians) can make good use of--without spending much time or effort. This article discusses the many potential uses…

  13. Action Research Empowers School Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robins, Jennifer

    2015-01-01

    Successful school library programs occur through careful planning and reflection. This reflective process is improved when it is applied in a systematic way through action research. The action research described in this paper enabled school librarians to reflect based on evidence, using data they had collected. This study presents examples of the…

  14. Collegial Evaluation of Professional Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boultbee, Paul G.

    This article briefly outlines the need for evaluation, the benefits that can accrue to both the individual and the institution, and the similarities and differences between performance evaluations for non-teaching faculty (counselors and librarians) and teaching faculty. The Red Deer College performance evaluation package is discussed in detail.…

  15. The Web for Documents Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Breeze, Jerry; Cramer, Jane; Hellman, David

    The World Wide Web is a powerful and versatile resource for documents librarians. It can serve as a source of information for patrons looking for government information, as a means of publicizing and distributing local information and services beyond the walls of the depository library, as a tool for more effective administration of a documents…

  16. Blogging for the Distance Librarian

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pival, Paul R.

    2005-01-01

    Based on user lookups, "Merriam-Webster Online "proclaimed "Blog" the word of the year for 2004. Distance librarianship, until mid-way through 2004, was a subject that was underrepresented in the blogosphere. The inception of a blog called "The Distant Librarian: Comments on the World of Distance Librarianship" is chronicled in this article, along…

  17. A Guide For School Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pennsylvania State Dept. of Public Instruction, Harrisburg. Bureau of General and Academic Education.

    Many library administration methods for dealing with routine matters are suggested in this manual. It is addressed to administrators, teachers, librarianship students and especially school librarians and library technicians at all grade levels. School library philosophies, rationales and objectives are presented. A model philosophy and policy…

  18. Information for Librarians and Trainers

    MedlinePlus

    ... this page: https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/training/trainers.html Information for Librarians and Trainers To use ... Lesson Plan for High School Health and Fitness Education - PDF (University of Washington Center for Public Health ... Health Information Tutorials Medical Words: ...

  19. The Impact of Peer Tutoring on Librarians in Training at the University of Ibadan, Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Okoroma, Francisca N.

    2013-01-01

    Peer tutoring plays a very significant role in teaching and learning, its gain is not limited to positive academic performance but extends to social life development. This work seeks to identify the impact peer tutoring has on librarians in training at the University of Ibadan, including the motives and strategies of the participants, the benefits…

  20. Improving Social Work Students' Information Literacy Skills: A Faculty and Librarian Collaboration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, O. J.; Whitfield, J. S.; Grohe, B.

    2011-01-01

    The authors present a case study examining a university library initiative intended to increase students' information literacy through effective collaboration with teaching faculty--specifically, the collaboration between an academic librarian and a social work professor. The professor participated in the information literacy initiative and…

  1. Quality Matters: New Roles for Librarians Using Standards for Online Course Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newby, Jill; Eagleson, Laurie; Pfander, Jeanne

    2014-01-01

    Quality Matters™ (QM) is a nationally recognized organization that certifies online courses for effective design, using an evidenced-based set of standards and a structured peer review process. In this paper, the authors demonstrate how academic librarians involved with online courses can adopt Quality Matters to build capacity for designing…

  2. The New Role of Librarians and Libraries: Removing the Silence Signs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carriuolo, Nancy; Reis, Tovah

    2015-01-01

    An increasing number of institutions are freeing up shelf space in their libraries and moving in student services as well as a coffee shop and other lures such as flexible seating arrangements. Librarians are taking down the silence signs in all but the quiet study room and urging members of the academic community to meet, talk, research and…

  3. The Changing Educational Needs of Subject Librarians: A Survey of UK Practitioner Opinions and Course Content

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simmons, Martin; Corrall, Sheila

    2011-01-01

    The fitness for purpose of professional education for library work has been constantly debated. Librarianship education and library practice have changed significantly as a result of technological, social and other factors affecting information provision and use. The key role of subject librarian in academic libraries has been particularly…

  4. Both Sides Now: Librarians Looking at Information Literacy from High School and College. Tips

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schroeder, Robert

    2009-01-01

    In October 2007, the Oregon Association of School Libraries (OASL) invited the author to speak at their annual conference. The question they asked him was, "What information literacy and library research skills do academic librarians think entering college freshmen should have?" The author investigates this question in his home state of Oregon. He…

  5. Assessment of the Research Learning Needs of University of Saskatchewan Librarians: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schrader, Alvin M.; Shiri, Ali; Williamson, Vicki

    2012-01-01

    As academic librarians with faculty status increasingly embrace research engagement as a core value and requirement, one of the little-studied questions is the extent to which they possess the requisite knowledge and skills to conduct high-quality research and scholarship and what further learning needs they might have within the organizational…

  6. Roving Librarian: The Suitability of Tablets in Providing Personalized Help outside of the Traditional Library

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharman, Alison

    2014-01-01

    Emanating from the ground-breaking Library Impact Data Project, the aim of the Roving Librarian project first initiated in 2011 was to offer personalized help outside of the traditional library to library non-users in social or academic settings using Android and the iPad tablets. It was thought that the portability and flexibility of these…

  7. Building Reference Strengths through Peer Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dankert, Holly Stec; Dempsey, Paula R.

    2002-01-01

    Discusses types of peer training and describes the development of peer training instruction for reference/instruction librarians at DePaul University (Illinois) to keep communication open among staff members, share subject expertise, sharpen skills needed in group and one-on-one instruction, train new librarians, and provide ongoing professional…

  8. New measures for new roles: defining and measuring the current practices of health sciences librarians

    PubMed Central

    Scherrer, Carol S.; Jacobson, Susan

    2002-01-01

    The roles of academic health sciences librarians are continually evolving as librarians initiate new programs and services in response to developments in computer technology and user demands. However, statistics currently collected by libraries do not accurately reflect or measure these new roles. It is essential for librarians to document, measure, and evaluate these new activities to continue to meet the needs of users and to ensure the viability of their professional role. To determine what new measures should be compiled, the authors examined current statistics, user demands, professional literature, and current activities of librarians as reported in abstracts of poster sessions at Medical Library Association annual meetings. Three new categories of services to be measured are proposed. The first, consultation, groups activities such as quality filtering and individual point-of-need instruction. The second, outreach, includes activities such as working as liaisons, participating in grand rounds or morning report, and providing continuing education. The third area, Web authoring, encompasses activities such as designing Web pages, creating online tutorials, and developing new products. Adding these three measures to those already being collected will provide a more accurate and complete depiction of the services offered by academic health sciences librarians. PMID:11999174

  9. New measures for new roles: defining and measuring the current practices of health sciences librarians.

    PubMed

    Scherrer, Carol S; Jacobson, Susan

    2002-04-01

    The roles of academic health sciences librarians are continually evolving as librarians initiate new programs and services in response to developments in computer technology and user demands. However, statistics currently collected by libraries do not accurately reflect or measure these new roles. It is essential for librarians to document, measure, and evaluate these new activities to continue to meet the needs of users and to ensure the viability of their professional role. To determine what new measures should be compiled, the authors examined current statistics, user demands, professional literature, and current activities of librarians as reported in abstracts of poster sessions at Medical Library Association annual meetings. Three new categories of services to be measured are proposed. The first, consultation, groups activities such as quality filtering and individual point-of-need instruction. The second, outreach, includes activities such as working as liaisons, participating in grand rounds or morning report, and providing continuing education. The third area, Web authoring, encompasses activities such as designing Web pages, creating online tutorials, and developing new products. Adding these three measures to those already being collected will provide a more accurate and complete depiction of the services offered by academic health sciences librarians. PMID:11999174

  10. 24-Hour Academic Libraries: Adjusting to Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowman, Adam C.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the adaptive measures that academic libraries perform when implementing and operating a 24-hour schedule. Five in-depth interviews were conducted with current managerial-level librarians at 24-hour academic libraries. The exploratory interviews revealed similar measures for security, budgeting, employee…

  11. The Use of General and Specialized Corpora as Reference Sources for Academic English Writing: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chang, Ji-Yeon

    2014-01-01

    Corpora have been suggested as valuable sources for teaching English for academic purposes (EAP). Since previous studies have mainly focused on corpus use in classroom settings, more research is needed to reveal how students react to using corpora on their own and what should be provided to help them become autonomous corpus users, considering…

  12. Fundamentals of Managing Reference Collections

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singer, Carol A.

    2012-01-01

    Whether a library's reference collection is large or small, it needs constant attention. Singer's book offers information and insight on best practices for reference collection management, no matter the size, and shows why managing without a plan is a recipe for clutter and confusion. In this very practical guide, reference librarians will learn:…

  13. New Reference: Diversifying Service Delivery.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garner, Imogen

    This paper describes the experiences of a recent change process that focused on the delivery of reference services at the University of Western Australia (UWA). UWA reference librarians felt that they could not fulfill all of their duties while working from the reference desk for a significant period of time each day; they wanted time away from…

  14. The Longitudinal Interplay of Students' Academic Self-Concepts and Achievements within and across Domains: Replicating and Extending the Reciprocal Internal/External Frame of Reference Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Niepel, Christoph; Brunner, Martin; Preckel, Franzis

    2014-01-01

    Students' cognitive and motivational profiles have a large impact on their academic careers. The development of such profiles can partly be explained by the reciprocal internal/external frame of reference model (RI/E model). The RI/E model predicts positive and negative longitudinal effects between academic self-concepts and achievements…

  15. Curriculum Mapping in Academic Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buchanan, Heidi; Webb, Katy Kavanagh; Houk, Amy Harris; Tingelstad, Catherine

    2015-01-01

    Librarians at four different academic institutions concurrently completed curriculum mapping projects using varying methods to analyze their information literacy instruction. Curriculum mapping is a process for systematically evaluating components of an instructional program for cohesiveness, proper sequencing, and goal achievement. There is a…

  16. Mobile Tech and the Librarian: The iTest iPad Project

    PubMed Central

    Hamasu, Claire; Bramble, John

    2015-01-01

    A 2012 project provided forty-eight health sciences librarians from primarily hospital and academic health sciences libraries with an Apple iPad2 along with training and support on its use. Project objectives were to determine how participants would adopt the iPad into their daily operations and what form of leadership role they would play while participating in the project. By project's end eighty-nine percent indicated they would continue using the iPad primarily as a productivity tool and to provide point of need services. Project data indicated that librarians assumed a leadership role promoting the use of mobile technology and the applications available. PMID:26997921

  17. Interactions Between the Academic Business Library and Research Data Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennett, Terrence B.; Nicholson, Shawn W.

    2004-01-01

    The use of numeric data has historical significance in the research of many academic disciplines, but today it is burgeoning. Responses from academic business librarians to a 33-item questionnaire are the basis for this study that investigates the interactions between academic business libraries and other local units supplying numeric data…

  18. Academic Library Services Support for Research Information Seeking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Du, Jia Tina; Evans, Nina

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the use of a university library academic service to assist in research information seeking, and the role and value of the academic services in support of research from the viewpoints of both academic users and librarians. Ten Ph.D. students completed questionnaires followed by face-to-face discussions and four academic…

  19. Virtual Reference Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brewer, Sally

    2003-01-01

    As the need to access information increases, school librarians must create virtual libraries. Linked to reliable reference resources, the virtual library extends the physical collection and library hours and lets students learn to use Web-based resources in a protected learning environment. The growing number of virtual schools increases the need…

  20. Internet Issues in Reference.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tenopir, Carol

    1995-01-01

    Discusses the impact of Internet access on library reference services based on 1994 interviews with almost two dozen university librarians. Highlights include library policy, overcrowded workstations and methods of controlling use, recreational use of terminals that interferes with more formal library use, restriction as a form of censorship, and…

  1. Accidental Government Documents Librarian: A Review of Experiences and Training Needs of Interim Documents Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yelinek, Kathryn; Hinchcliff, Marilou

    2009-01-01

    The results of a survey to determine the training needs and normative experiences of temporary government documents librarians are presented. The results indicate that temporary librarians tend to work in academia, have been in librarianship for a shorter time period, and have fewer technical processing skills than permanent documents librarians.…

  2. Librarian of the Year 2008: New Jersey State Librarian Norma Blake

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berry, John N., III

    2008-01-01

    This article profiles "Library Journal's" (LJ) chosen 2008 Librarian of the Year. Librarians and officials in education and government all recount the leadership and creativity brought to library service in New Jersey by State Librarian Norma Blake. She has sparked proactive, collaborative initiatives that have taken libraries of all types "out of…

  3. Anonymity versus Perceived Patron Identity in Virtual Reference Transcripts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roper, Kristin Grabarek; Sobel, Karen

    2012-01-01

    Librarians who provide virtual reference services often perceive that their patrons self-identify to some degree, even when transactions are anonymous. They also develop a sense of patrons' greatest research-related needs over time. In this article, two librarians analyze two years' worth of virtual reference transcripts to determine what patrons…

  4. Potential and Reality at the Reference Desk: Reflections on a "Return to the Field."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bunge, Charles A.

    1984-01-01

    Reports reflections of library school reference teacher who practiced for year as day-to-day reference librarian. Highlights include ideal reference librarianship; concepts helpful in explaining low morale; changes in basic reference service elements (information resources, clients, librarians); current coping strategies; and ways in which to cope…

  5. Clinical medical librarian: the last unicorn?

    PubMed

    Demas, J M; Ludwig, L T

    1991-01-01

    In the information age of the 1990s, the clinical medical librarian (CML) concept, like many other personalized library services, is often criticized as being too labor-intensive and expensive; others praise its advantages. To determine the attitudes of medical school library directors and clinical department heads toward implementation and feasibility of a CML program, forty randomly selected medical schools were surveyed. A double-blind procedure was used to sample department heads in internal medicine, pediatrics, and surgery, as well as health sciences library directors identified by the Association of Academic Health Sciences Library Directors (AAHSLD) annual statistics. The survey instrument was designed to measure responses to the following attitudinal variables: acceptance and nonacceptance of a CML program; importance to patient care, education, and research; influence on information-seeking patterns of health care professionals; ethical issues; CML extension services; and costs. Seventy-nine usable questionnaires out of a total of 120 (66%) were obtained from clinical medical personnel, and 30 usable questionnaires out of a total of 40 (75%) were obtained from medical school library directors. Survey results indicated significant differences between clinical medical personnel and library personnel regarding attitudes toward CML influence on information-seeking patterns, ethics, alternative CML services, and costs. Survey results also indicated a continuing strong support for CML programs in the medical school setting; however, differences of opinion existed toward defining the role of the CML and determining responsibility for funding. PMID:1998816

  6. Making Data Work Harder: OCLC Shows How Data Mined from Systems like WorldCat Can Add Value for Librarians and Users

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lavoie, Brian; Dempsey, Lorcan; Connaway, Lynn Silipigni

    2006-01-01

    If librarians want to improve their visibility and value in the increasingly crowded digital information spaces, where users expect good results without expending much time or effort, they must learn to repurpose data to create added value. Since librarians already possess valuable data sources, like circulation statistics, reference transactions,…

  7. Librarians and Libraries Supporting Open Access Publishing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richard, Jennifer; Koufogiannakis, Denise; Ryan, Pam

    2009-01-01

    As new models of scholarly communication emerge, librarians and libraries have responded by developing and supporting new methods of storing and providing access to information and by creating new publishing support services. This article will examine the roles of libraries and librarians in developing and supporting open access publishing…

  8. The Education of Librarians for Data Administration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koenig, Michael E. D.; Kochoff, Stephen T.

    1983-01-01

    Argues that the increasing importance of database management systems (DBMS) and recognition of the information dependency of business planning are creating new job opportunities for librarians/information technicians. Highlights include development and functions of DBMSs, data and database administration, potential for librarians, and implications…

  9. Authentic Assessments: Praxis for the Distance Librarian

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Twomey, Beth

    2015-01-01

    Distance librarians continually develop information literacy instruction in a variety of formats. Assessment, when it occurs, tends to be of the traditional multiple-choice variety and does not measure more complex skills. Authentic assessments offer the instruction librarian a way to re-think their instruction strategies and assessment of student…

  10. Policymaking for Vermont Public Librarians and Trustees.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kotch, Marianne

    This document provides guidelines on policymaking for public librarians and public library trustees in Vermont. Topics covered include: (1) the importance of policies in bringing order, logic, stability, and continuity to a library's operation; (2) the roles of trustees and librarians in adopting carrying out policies; (3) reasons why policies…

  11. The Financial Value of the Teacher Librarian.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nicholson, Fay

    This paper addresses the financial value of the teacher librarian, outlines areas in which this value can be identified, and indicates measures that can be used to demonstrate this value. The four major financial areas in which the value of the teacher librarian can be assessed are: (1) capital investment, made up of the building, stock, and…

  12. A Handbook for Student Librarians. Bulletin 1632.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bienvenu, Martha, Comp.; And Others

    Designed for use by students in library science and school media programs in the state of Louisiana, this handbook outlines the responsibilities and activities which will engage library school students when they become practicing school librarians or media specialists. Checklists of the competencies which student librarians must achieve to become…

  13. The Electronic Librarian: Inching Towards the Revolution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cuesta, Emerita M.

    2005-01-01

    Electronic resources are transforming the way librarians work. New technological skills have been added to the librarian's tool kit. Some libraries have undertaken large-scale organizational reconfigurations to meet the challenges of the digital environment. Yet libraries still rely on traditional functions such as acquisitions, cataloging, and…

  14. Librarians/Media Specialists: Unsung Superheroes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burgess, Jan

    2005-01-01

    School librarians can be an important resource for school administrators, provided that the right relationship is in place between them. In this article, the author reports on the critical points emphasized with librarians/media specialists in a recent panel presentation on their changing roles: (1) the importance of building ongoing relationships…

  15. Exploring the Stressors of New Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larrivee, Anne

    2014-01-01

    This article describes the different stressors and anxieties facing new librarians. It also addresses the various ways that new librarians can cope with location, emotional, and work-related stressors. The article is broken into four different categories of stress; some stressors have been more explored than others. The research is based on an…

  16. Librarian Challenge: Reaching College Freshmen. Spotlight Feature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dopke-Wilson, MariRae

    2007-01-01

    Getting acclimated to campus life is overwhelming to most freshmen, making library orientation low on their priority list. The author teams up with two college librarians in action. Michael Pasqualoni, Instructional Services Librarian at Syracuse University Library, taught IST 200 last Fall. He relied on an arsenal of media tools to keep students…

  17. Queuing Theory and Reference Transactions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Terbille, Charles

    1995-01-01

    Examines the implications of applying the queuing theory to three different reference situations: (1) random patron arrivals; (2) random durations of transactions; and (3) use of two librarians. Tables and figures represent results from spreadsheet calculations of queues for each reference situation. (JMV)

  18. "In Your Face" Reference Service.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lipow, Anne Grodzins

    1999-01-01

    Discusses changes in library reference service that have occurred with growing Internet use. Topics include the human factor that is still needed; the nature of reference questions; the goal of user self-sufficiency; the invisible nature of much of librarians' work; and providing real-time, interactive point-of-need service to remote users. (LRW)

  19. Robot at the Reference Desk?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Karen F.

    1986-01-01

    Describes how a librarian, assisted by a knowledge engineer, developed a computerized reference assistance system for a separate government documents department. Rationale for the expert system, problems in selecting reference materials and user questions to computerize, and the formulation of a workable human/computer interface are covered. A…

  20. Undergraduate Full Text Databases: "Bell and Howell Medical Complete" and "InfoTrac Health Reference Center - Academic."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salisbury, Lutishoor; Davidson, Bryan; Bailey, Alberta

    2000-01-01

    Compares/contrasts InfoTrac and ProQuest primarily as full-text resources to supplement retrieval of references contained in the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) database. These databases are analyzed by examining their scope in terms of the number and types of serials covered within specific areas using "Ulrich's"…

  1. Meeting Our Users where They Conference: A Texas A&M Model to Support Librarian Attendance at Subject-Specific Conferences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hankins, Rebecca; Melgoza, Pauline; Seeger, Christina; Wan, Gary

    2009-01-01

    Today's academic librarian is frequently called upon to function as a subject specialist, with or without advanced degrees in other disciplines. One method of monitoring trends within a given field is to study its literature; another is to attend conferences in the discipline. Discipline-specific conference attendance by academic librarians…

  2. Library Reference Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Constance; And Others

    1985-01-01

    Seven articles on library reference services highlight reference obsolescence in academic libraries, major studies of unobtrusive reference tests, methods for evaluating reference desk performance, reference interview evaluation, problems of reference desk control, online searching by end users, and reference collection development in…

  3. The Art of Collection Development: Reference Style.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmitt, John P.

    1998-01-01

    Discusses selecting for a reference collection, creative budgeting, cutting a deal, collection awareness (strengths/needs), Web site reviews, R-Net (reviews from diverse areas and institutions), and print vs. electronic reference products. Reference librarian adhere to high standards for reference book and Web sites, teach assessment techniques,…

  4. Instant Messaging Reference: How Does It Compare?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Desai, Christina M.

    2003-01-01

    Compares a digital reference service that uses instant messaging with traditional, face-to-face reference based on experiences at the Southern Illinois University library. Addresses differences in reference questions asked, changes in the reference transaction, student expectations, bibliographic instruction, and librarian attitudes and procedures…

  5. Libraries Inside: A Practical Guide for Prison Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubin, Rhea Joyce, Ed.; Suvak, Daniel, Ed.

    Prison librarians usually work in isolation from other librarians, so getting information and advice about their jobs can be difficult. This book offers a guide to prison librarians, presents new ideas, and raises compelling issues about this field of librarianship. Ten current or former prison librarians cover all aspects of prison libraries and…

  6. Enter the Cyberpunk Librarian: Future Directions in Cyberspace.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willson, Jonathan

    1996-01-01

    "Cyberpunk librarian," a metaphor for librarians operating in cyberspace, is defined. This article describes the properties and culture of the electronic frontier, discusses the social impact of cyberspace, examines the role of libraries and librarians in the future. Argues that librarians can help shape a vision of cyberspace that benefits…

  7. The Reference Statistic Shuffle: Finding a Tool That Not Only Adds Stuff up but Improves Results

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Northam, Sarah H.

    2012-01-01

    Reference librarians are constantly balancing their reference duties against other duties, for example, collection development and departmental liaison. The author works as a reference librarian at Texas A&M University-Commerce Libraries in Commerce, Texas. The university has approximately 11,000 students, a large number of whom are online-only…

  8. SLJ's Book Buying Survey: When It Comes to Purchasing Supplemental Books, Librarians' Clout Extends Far beyond the Media Center

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whelan, Debra Lau

    2004-01-01

    Media specialists and teachers spend an estimated $1.4 billion annually on nonfiction titles. And even though most librarians, like Shirley Morand of New Richmond High School in Ohio, expect budget cuts this academic year, they still plan to dish out a sizable chunk of money on books that support students' textbooks, according to School Library…

  9. The Teaching of User Studies as a Subject for the Preparation of Librarians, Documentalists, Archivists and Other Information Specialists.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sene, H.

    This working paper focuses on methods for developing a study program on scientific and technical information users that could serve as a subject of study in the academic preparation of librarians, archivists, and scientific and technical information specialists. Recognizing that in most schools for training specialists of scientific and technical…

  10. Head First into the Patron-Driven Acquisition Pool: A Comparison of Librarian Selections versus Patron Purchases

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shen, Lisa; Cassidy, Erin Dorris; Elmore, Eric; Griffin, Glenda; Manolovitz, Tyler; Martinez, Michelle; Turney, Linda M.

    2011-01-01

    Although many recent studies have been conducted on the implementation and results of patron-driven acquisition (PDA) initiatives at academic libraries, very few have focused on whether, or how, patrons' selections vary from selection choices librarians would have made. This study compares titles selected by patrons during a PDA pilot program…

  11. E-Readers on Trial: Qualitative Results from an Academic Library Pilot Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kemp, Jan; Lutz, Ellen; Nurnberger, Amy L.

    2012-01-01

    In 2010, the University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries opened a bookless satellite library, the Applied Engineering and Technology (AET) Library. AET librarians wanted to offer a new service: lending e-readers loaded with academic content and other e-books of interest to engineering and science students. Librarians chose three e-readers for the…

  12. Geographic Information Systems Librarianship: Suggestions for Entry-Level Academic Professionals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martindale, Jaime

    2004-01-01

    Future Geographic Information Systems (GIS) librarians face a number of challenges that other Library and Information Studies (LIS) graduates may not when preparing for a career in academic librarianship. This article discusses these challenges and offers suggestions to help entry-level GIS librarians begin successful and rewarding careers.

  13. Foreign Language Skills and Academic Library Job Announcements: A Survey and Trends Analysis, 1966-2006

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Li

    2008-01-01

    This study examines academic and research librarian positions that require foreign language skills. Technical and public services are most likely to require language knowledge, while administrator and system librarian positions are the least likely. Overall, the requirements show a continued rise until the mid-1980s and a declining trend after…

  14. Analyses of Mentoring Expectations, Activities, and Support in Canadian Academic Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrington, Marni R.; Marshall, Elizabeth

    2014-01-01

    Mentoring expectations, activities, and support in Canadian college and university libraries were investigated by surveying 332 recent MLIS graduates, practicing academic librarians, and library administrators. Findings indicate that the presence of a mentoring program will help attract new librarians, retain them, and aid in restructuring efforts…

  15. Service Perspectives for the Digital Library: Remote Reference Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sloan, Bernie

    1998-01-01

    Explores the role of the librarian and of the service perspective in the digital library environment. The focus of the article is limited to the topic of librarian/user collaboration when the user is in a remote location, including video-based reference services and the use of electronic mail. (Author/LRW)

  16. Oranges and Peaches: Understanding Communication Accidents in the Reference Interview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dewdney, Patricia; Michell, Gillian

    1996-01-01

    Librarians often have communication "accidents" with reference questions as initially presented. This article presents linguistic analysis of query categories, including: simple failures of hearing, accidents involving pronunciation or homophones, accidents where users repeat earlier misinterpretations to librarians, and accidents where users…

  17. Legal Issues Affecting Libraries and Librarians: Employment Law, Liability and Insurance, Contracts, and Problem Patrons.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mika, Joseph J.; Shuman, Bruce A.

    1988-01-01

    This fourth lesson in a continuing education course on legal issues affecting libraries and librarians discusses the library's rights and legal responsibilities in the areas of censorship and intellectual freedom, the Freedom of Information Act and patron privacy, problem patrons, and ethical considerations of library services. (14 references)…

  18. Government Information in Machine-Readable Data Files: Implications for Libraries and Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Ray; Kinney, Thomas

    1988-01-01

    Describes government information available in machine-readable data files--primarily on computer tapes--in relation to other formats and examines requirements for their acquisition, preservation, and utilization in retrieval and reference services. Skill and knowledge adjustments on the part of librarians are also discussed, and a system in use at…

  19. What Librarians Need to Know to Survive in an Age of Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malinconico, S. Michael

    1992-01-01

    Discusses the changing library environment, with greater reliance on technology; and describes relevant skills for librarians, including communicating with nonlibrarians, working with group processes, understanding the capabilities of information-handling technologies, and developing management and marketing abilities. (21 references) (EA)

  20. Using English Department Library Liaisons in a Term Paper Clinic: Reviving the Scholar/Librarian Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christensen, Peter G.

    1994-01-01

    Evaluates a project in which two library liaisons assisted freshman English students in writing library research papers. The need to develop new bibliographic instruction programs in conjunction with teaching faculty is also discussed, noting that this revives the aggressive 19th-century scholar/librarian model. (27 references) (KRN)

  1. Reference Service: A Thing of the Past?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berger, Christopher

    1996-01-01

    Argues that the traditional philosophy of public service has remained relevant and vital to overall library reference service despite information technology and other societal changes. Topics include information and information technology; and economic, political, and social trends as they influence reference librarians and reference service.…

  2. Reference Services for Children and Young Adults.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reference Librarian, 1983

    1983-01-01

    This 25-article issue presents overview of reference services for childern and young adults, including public and school libraries, information needs, reference interviews, children's librarians, library instruction, library cooperation, production of information resources, material selection, and vertical files. References are included. (Haworth…

  3. Collegial Librarians: The Faculty-Librarian-Student Partnership in Distance Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carrico, Kent; Neff, Ariel

    2012-01-01

    Distance librarians working with graduate programs often discover many of their students have specialized information needs and require additional instruction. However, it can be impossible to discover these students without first becoming deeply involved with the program. Librarians at Benedictine University have developed a method for becoming…

  4. The Librarian and the Business Question. A BARC Workshop To Assist Librarians Faced with Business/Economics/Marketplace Questions. Proceedings of the Workshop held January 11 & 12, 1978 at the San Francisco Public Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fowler, Thomas S., Ed.

    This Bay Area Reference Center (BARC) workshop was designed to aid librarians in answering business-related reference questions. The seven papers presented were concerned with statistical questions, stocks and securities, consulates and foreign trade representatives, market surveys, small business, and other sources of information, e.g., the…

  5. A Dramaturgical Perspective on Academic Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quinn, Brian

    2005-01-01

    Although many social sciences theories have been applied to the field of library and information science, one theory that has received relatively little attention is dramaturgy. The dramaturgical perspective posits that social life is inherently theatrical in nature. When applied to the academic library setting, both librarians and library users…

  6. The Future of Reading and Academic Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Durant, David M.; Horava, Tony

    2015-01-01

    The e-book is raising fundamental questions around the dynamics and habits of reading; the role of books in the academic library; and the role of librarians in addressing new realities of reading and learning. Print and digital texts foster different styles of reading and different ways of thinking and doing research. This paper examines…

  7. Fostering Research and Publication in Academic Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sassen, Catherine; Wahl, Diane

    2014-01-01

    This study concerns administrative support provided to encourage the research and publishing activities of academic librarians working in Association of Research Libraries member libraries. Deans and directors of these libraries were asked to respond to an online survey concerning the support measures that their libraries provide, as well as their…

  8. Foreign Students and the Academic Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mood, Terry Ann

    1982-01-01

    Lack of library programs for foreign students is substantiated by a questionnaire sent to academic libraries. Specialized library handouts in foreign languages, purchase of materials about students' home countries, outreach by liaison librarian, library instruction, and staff development are suggested as means of providing service. Twenty-two…

  9. Mobile Technologies and Roving Reference

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penner, Katherine

    2011-01-01

    As 21st century librarians, we have made apt adjustments for reaching out into the digital world, but we need to consider the students who still use library services within our walls. We can use available handheld, mobile technologies to help patrons too shy to approach the desk and free library staff to bring reference service directly to patrons.

  10. Collaborating for Academic Success: A Tri-Institutional Information Literacy Program for High School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Angell, Katelyn; Tewell, Eamon

    2013-01-01

    This article describes a nearly decade-long partnership between three institutions representing school, public, and academic settings in Westchester County, New York. The program, designed to improve the academic performance of local high school students, is unique due to the extensive contact students have with academic librarians during the…

  11. Electronic Publishing: Research Issues for Academic Librarians and Users.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tenopir, Carol

    2003-01-01

    Addresses the need for further research into three important areas of electronic publishing: how the change to digital information sources is affecting the scholarly work of college and university students; when libraries select electronic journals, how products offered to them or the delivery models they choose influence scholarship and the way…

  12. The Academic Librarian's Human Resources Handbook. Employer Rights and Responsibilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baldwin, David A.

    This handbook offers "how to" guidance on library management and provides a single source for laws, regulations, executive orders, guidelines, and court decisions on employee and employer rights and responsibilities. Detailed information is provided on: recruiting and selecting personnel; the employment relationship; wages and hours; employee…

  13. Academic Librarians and Project Management: An International Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Serrano, Silvia Cobo; Avilés, Rosario Arquero

    2016-01-01

    Because information and documentation units in libraries have responsibility for an ever-increasing number of projects, this paper aims at analyzing the discipline of project management in library and information science (LIS) from a professional perspective. To that end, the researchers employed quantitative and qualitative methodology based on a…

  14. My Librarian: Personalized Research Clinics and the Academic Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cardwell, Catherine; Furlong, Katherine; O'Keeffe, Julie

    2002-01-01

    Describes personalized research clinics (PRC) programs at three diverse institutions: Gettysburg College (Pennsylvania), Marquette University (Wisconsin), and Bowling Green State University (Ohio). Addresses logistics, publicity methods, program analysis, and assessment issues, and weighs the benefits of the labor-intensive service against other…

  15. The Librarian and Mr. Jeeves.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coffman, Steve; McGlamery, Susan

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the availability and quality of commercial reference services available on the World Wide Web such as Ask Jeeves and the decline in library reference service statistics. Describes a project in California to help libraries develop live, real-time reference services over the Web by adapting Web contact center software. (LRW)

  16. Awareness and Practice of Professional Ethics amongst Librarians in Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Igbeka, J. U.; Okoroma, F. N.

    2013-01-01

    This study is focused on the awareness and practicability of Librarianship ethics amongst librarians. Survey questionnaire was designed to identify the degree of awareness of librarianship ethics amongst librarians in Nigeria, whether the ethics are feasible and being utilized by librarians in their day to day library management, and to find out…

  17. A Science Librarian in the Laboratory: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomaszewski, Robert

    2011-01-01

    A science librarian in the laboratory can become a "point of access" for database instruction and provide a learning opportunity for students to develop their information literacy skills. A case study describes how a librarian in an organic chemistry laboratory helps the class run smoothly and identifies the science librarian as an ally and a…

  18. Job Satisfaction of Canadian University Librarians: A National Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leckie, Gloria J.; Brett, Jim

    1997-01-01

    A study of 738 Canadian university librarians compared the job satisfaction of faculty/non-faculty and administrative/non-administrative librarians: faculty are more satisfied with roles in university affairs, promotion, and tenure processes but not with work load and salary; administrative librarians are more satisfied with most aspects of their…

  19. Librarian Status at US Research Universities: Extending the Typology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bolin, Mary K.

    2008-01-01

    A typology of librarian status developed for land grant universities is extended to US research universities. Land grant librarians are tenure-track faculty in 70% of institutions. Librarians in the expanded population have that status slightly more than half the time. Institution size, geographic region, and public/private governance are…

  20. School Librarians Teach Subject Area 10: Computer and Information Sciences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dow, Mirah J. Ingram

    2010-01-01

    School librarians currently speak about school libraries as the largest classroom in the building. If so, how can these librarians describe what they teach? This article explains the user-centered instructional role of secondary school librarians in teaching information and technology literacy skills, as well as how they can authoritatively ensure…

  1. From Buns to Batgirl: The Changing Image of the Librarian

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Limerick, Sheila Blackmon

    2005-01-01

    The image of the librarian has changed much since the first librarian's positions at Ivy League schools in the mid- to late-17th Century. The purpose of this paper is to explore the history and origins of male and female stereotypes of librarians as well as generational stereotypes. Stereotypes in the literature of the field were explored and…

  2. Solo Power: How One-Person Librarians Maximize Their Influence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    St. Clair, Guy

    1997-01-01

    One person librarians or solo librarians are the information providers of the future. This article discusses the need for solo librarians to be concerned with power and influence; service to customers; and political awareness/shared vision/partnership with management. Sidebar contains the OPL (One-Person Library) Manifesto with fundamental…

  3. The Image of Librarians in Poetry, 1958-1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pultorak, Leslie A.

    This paper examines the portrayal of librarians in poetry written from 1958 to 1993 in order to find out whether technological and social changes which occurred during this period had any effect on the image of librarians. Content analysis was used in examining the 32 poems and the 36 librarians present in those poems. Adjectives and descriptions…

  4. A Study Analyzing the Career Path of Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noh, Younghee

    2010-01-01

    This study aims to identify the career movement patterns of librarians, analyze factors influencing their career movements, and compare differences in such factors between librarians and chief librarians. Findings showed that the jobs with the highest retention rate were those in public libraries, that library automation system developers showed…

  5. Research engagement of health sciences librarians: a survey of research-related activities and attitudes

    PubMed Central

    Lessick, Susan; Perryman, Carol; Billman, Brooke L.; Alpi, Kristine M.; De Groote, Sandra L.; Babin, Ted D.

    2016-01-01

    Introduction The extent to which health sciences librarians are engaged in research is a little-studied question. This study assesses the research activities and attitudes of Medical Library Association (MLA) members, including the influence of work affiliation. Methods An online survey was designed using a combination of multiple-choice and open-ended questions and distributed to MLA members. Responses were analyzed using descriptive statistics, content analysis, and significance testing. The authors used statistical tools and categorized open-ended question topics by the constant comparative method, also applying the broad subject categories used in a prior study. Pearson's chi-square analysis was performed on responses to determine significant differences among respondents employed in three different institutional environments. Results Analysis showed that 79% of respondents read research articles at least once a month; 58% applied published research studies to practice; 44% had conducted research; 62% reported acting on research had enhanced their libraries; 38% had presented findings; and 34% had authored research articles. Hospital librarians were significantly less likely than academic librarians to have participated in research activities. Highly ranked research benefits, barriers, and competencies of health sciences librarians are described. Conclusions Findings indicate that health sciences librarians are actively engaged in research activities. Practice implications for practitioners, publishers, and stakeholders are discussed. Results suggest that practitioners can use published research results and results from their own research to affect practice decisions and improve services. Future studies are needed to confirm and extend these findings, including the need for intervention studies to increase research and writing productivity. PMID:27076808

  6. CD-ROM + Fax = Shared Reference Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fitzwater, Diana; Fradkin, Bernard

    1988-01-01

    Describes the Reference by GammaFax Project, which joined nine area libraries to provide cooperative reference access to optical disk databases. The configuration of disk players, microcomputers, and facsimile equipment used by the libraries is explained, and the improvements in cost effectiveness, provision of service, and librarian expertise are…

  7. Expanding Networks: Reference Services for MRDF.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Ray; Seale, Colleen

    1988-01-01

    Discussion of issues concerned with providing library reference services to machine readable data files focuses on numeric databases. The team approach used at the University of Florida, which incorporates reference librarians, programers and data managers, database producers and vendors, and professional associations, is described. A bibliography…

  8. Academic Delay of Gratification and Academic Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bembenutty, Hefer

    2011-01-01

    The ability to delay gratification is the cornerstone of all academic achievement and education. It is by delaying gratification that learners can pursue long-term academic and career goals. In general, "delay of gratification" refers to an individual's ability to forgo immediate rewards for the sake of more valuable ones later (Mischel, 1996).…

  9. Medical information, health sciences librarians, and professional liability.

    PubMed

    Hafner, A W

    1990-01-01

    As a gatekeeper to medical literature and a critical link in the delivery of information to physicians, the librarian's role raises the issue of the librarian's professional liability. The paper suggests several ways in which liability may attach to the librarian or the librarian's employers. Although the librarian's personal risk is negligible, the physician's exposure due to ineffective library work is substantial since the courts have held that a physician must keep abreast of progress in his field. Librarians can also become associated with professional liability actions as part of a case against a physician or hospital through the legal doctrine of vicarious liability. The paper concludes by suggesting several proactive steps for health sciences librarians to pursue to insulate themselves from professional liability and to insulate physicians and institutions from vicarious liability. PMID:10107630

  10. An Ideological Analysis of Digital Reference Service Models.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dilevko, Juris

    2001-01-01

    Looks at some of the new paradigms for reference service, in particular the ideological implications of the digital reference call-center model, demonstrates how they lead to a "deprofessionalization" of reference work, and provides examples of how extensive reading can help reference librarians provide better service and become an irreplaceable…

  11. Exploring Some New Search Tools for Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balas, Janet L.

    1999-01-01

    Reviews Web-search tools available to librarians. Discusses the Clever project, (part of the Computer Science Principles and Methodologies Department at the IBM Almaden Research Center, Silicon Valley, California), an algorithm that finds authoritative sources on the Web; Google technology, based on links between Web pages; Ask Jeeves, a…

  12. How One School Librarian Became an Author

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kerby, Mona

    2010-01-01

    Back when the author was the school librarian at Little Elementary School in Arlington, Texas, she started writing and publishing books for children. She had completed her master's and PhD in Library Science from Texas Woman's University while working full time, and when she finally finished, she had such well-honed time management skills that she…

  13. Librarians as Community Partners: An Outreach Handbook

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smallwood, Carol, Ed.

    2010-01-01

    Including 66 focused snapshots of outreach in action, this resource reflects the creative solutions of librarians searching for new and innovative ways to build programs that meet customer needs while expanding the library's scope into the community. This contributed volume includes: (1) A huge array of program options for partnering with other…

  14. Your School Needs a Frugal Librarian!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johns, Sara Kelly

    2011-01-01

    School libraries are crucial to learning, but need resources to close the digital and print divide that widens as school budgets shrink. In this article, the author shares her perspective on stretching the library dollar. As budgets tighten and the use of library resources increases, school librarian's ingenuity, skill, and planning can ensure…

  15. Patent Searching for Librarians and Inventors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wherry, Timothy Lee

    Information on patents is provided for librarians and laypersons requiring an understanding of the system and the processes involved. Chapter 1 discusses successful patents; terms and concepts; patent types; copyright; trademark; requirements; patent examiners; patent pending; expiration; patentee and assignee; and reissued patents. Chapter 2…

  16. The Anguish of a Retired Librarian

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Donna W.

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the author relates her difficult adjustment to regular routine when she retired as a middle school librarian for over three decades. She recalls one incident in which she patrolled a beach after seeing women slathering on suntan oil and turning the pages of library books, leaving fingerprints on each page. She also tells of…

  17. The Role of the Librarian in Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beckman, Margaret; Brown, Nancy Ann

    1975-01-01

    Using a new type of management called consultative, with data available from library-wide automated systems providing the basis for use and user surveys and analysis, each professional librarian participates in the decision-making and problem-solving functions within the library organization at the University of Guelph, Ontario Library. (Author/PF)

  18. "Sports Splash" 1980. A Librarian's Planning Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, James L.; Thomas, Carol H.

    This handbook has been developed as an aid for librarians in planning summer 1980 reading programs on a sports theme for children from preschool through the elementary years. The program encourages children to visit the library, become familiar with its resources, and promote reading and enjoyment of books. The handbook is complemented by…

  19. Faculty-Librarian Collaboration: A Mexican Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lau, Jesus

    2001-01-01

    Describes the user education program developed at the Universidad Autonoma de Ciudad Juarez (Mexico). Topics include the faculty-librarian partnership; information needs of library users, both faculty and students; library facilities; electronic classrooms; faculty training; and educational models and learning processes. (LRW)

  20. Teaching of Formal Courses by Medical Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Jess A.; And Others

    1975-01-01

    Four courses on the use of the library are described which were taught by librarians at the University of Tennessee Center for Health Services to graduate students in basic medical sciences, dentistry, and pharmacy and undergraduates in medical records administration. Also included is a survey of medical libraries offering such courses. (JT)

  1. Instruction Librarians: Leadership in the New Organization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mader, Sharon

    1996-01-01

    Distinguishes between managers (administrators) and leaders (innovators) and argues that while managers outnumber leaders in most organizations, new leaders are essential if organizations are to move into the future. Defines leadership and discusses leadership qualities in libraries, instruction librarians and leadership, collaborative leadership…

  2. Herbert Putnam's Appointment as Librarian of Congress.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiegand, Wayne A.

    1979-01-01

    Demonstrates, through careful analysis of primary source materials, that the events leading up to Herbert Putnam's selection as Librarian of Congress in March 1899 were complex and contained no major villains, and that problems encountered by the American Library Association are traceable to misunderstandings rather than political machinations.…

  3. Librarian-Technologist: Ready for the Future

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruffin, Betsy

    2004-01-01

    Librarian's jobs are increasingly involved in high tech equipment and cyberspace resources because most of them have had to learn about technology. Guidelines are provided for horning one's basic skills and computer knowledge. These skills can then be used to help students and teachers in taking the school technology program forward in the future.

  4. Librarians Are the Ultimate Knowledge Managers?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koina, Cathie

    2003-01-01

    Librarians are the ultimate knowledge managers. Everyone knows that. After all, haven't they been the custodians of documented knowledge for centuries? Who could possibly do it better than them? Well, then why aren't people knocking down their doors, begging them to be the knowledge managers of the organisation? Are they just ignorant of how…

  5. Publishers & Librarians: Two Cultures, One Goal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fister, Barbara

    2009-01-01

    For two professions so committed to meeting the needs of readers, publishers and librarians have distinct cultures. Put simply, one culture is all about developing and selling books; the other is about sharing them and fostering a culture of reading. But there is another basic difference, too. Publishers work closely with authors and use sales…

  6. Evaluating the Skills of the Systems Librarian.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chu, Felix T.

    1990-01-01

    Analyzes the skills required of systems librarians as indicated by job advertisements. Three broad responsibilities are identified: planning, installation and implementation, and maintenance. It is concluded that lack of understanding of how computers function as tools in libraries has impeded a clear definition of the duties of systems…

  7. The Effects of Technology on Midcareer Librarians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Marilyn P.

    2002-01-01

    Investigates technology competency requirements in the library profession. Examines and evaluates advertised qualifications of job positions and attempts to see if midcareer librarians are effective in the present and future job market, using the position advertisements in "American Libraries" over a 20-year period. (Author/LRW)

  8. Discovering Librarians: Profiles of a Profession.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scherdin, Mary Jane, Ed.

    The studies of the librarian's profession included in this book focus on recruitment of versatile, creative, and intelligent people to the profession. The book has four sections, each containing relevant papers. Section 1 presents an overview and recent studies of vocational inventories. Section 2 describes a national study on updating the…

  9. Information Systems Design: The Librarian's Role.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drake, Miriam

    1986-01-01

    Librarians should become more active in designing information systems so that their extensive knowledge of how people articulate their information needs and evaluate their findings can be incorporated into new systems. These systems would be more responsive to user needs than those driven by the machine or data processing mindset. (EM)

  10. The Online School Librarian: Roles and Responsibilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beck, Dennis

    2015-01-01

    Children across the United States of America are maturing in a media-saturated society. Unfortunately, this often results in poor content choices and evaluative skills. North American schools have attempted to address this problem through information literacy skills. One role key to teaching these skills is the role of the school librarian.…

  11. Effective Collection Developers: Librarians or Faculty?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vidor, David L.; Futas, Elizabeth

    1988-01-01

    A study at the Emory University School of Business Administration library compared the effectiveness of faculty members and librarians as book selectors. Effectiveness was measured by comparing selected titles with the Baker list published by the Harvard Business School and with business periodical reviews, and by examining circulation records.…

  12. From Engaging Liaison Librarians to Engaging Communities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kenney, Anne R.

    2015-01-01

    Kara J. Malenfant wrote in her 2010 article "Leading Change in the System of Scholarly Communication: A Case Study of Engaging Liaison Librarians for Outreach to Faculty" that it would be interesting to revisit the University of Minnesota (UMN) Libraries in three years and see how they are doing. Malenfant had documented a culture shift…

  13. Librarians' Salaries: Small Increases Like Everyone Else.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, Mary Jo

    1992-01-01

    Summarizes the findings of the American Library Association's 1992 survey of librarian salaries, which indicate a 3.6 percent increase in average salaries over 1991 figures. A table presents data on the rank order of seven position titles by mean salary, as well as the dollar amount and percent of change from 1991 to 1992. (MES)

  14. Problem-Based Learning: Librarians as Collaborators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheney, Debora

    2004-01-01

    Problem-based learning (PBL) presents an opportunity for librarians and instructors to collaborate on designing learning experiences that will allow students to acquire information-gathering skills as part of their subject curriculum. This article describes a pilot course that incorporated PBL in the School of Information Sciences and Technology…

  15. Identity crisis - am I a librarian or a geologist? Why not both.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramdeen, S.

    2015-12-01

    As a doctoral candidate, in the 'early stages' of my professional career, I constantly have to remind people I actually already had a career. I am still in the early stages of my career as an academic and information scientist. But before starting my doctoral program, I worked as a geologist for 7 years. During that time I've worked on a drill rig and collected data in the field. I've described cores and cuttings in order to map aquifers. I wrote grants and worked on teams. Now, as an information scientist I look at how researchers access, discover and reuse existing data sets. It involves understanding how data is used, created, and how scientists think about finding data. It hasn't been an easy change, but lately the two domains are converging in the form of data scientists. The change in my career happened organically. The needs of my organization dictated the skills I developed. I thought these needs were just issues in my organization but then I found many other organizations asking the same question. Through the United States Geological Survey's National Geological and Geophysical Data Preservation Program (NGGDPP), I met other geologists working with physical data, and dealing with access, discoverability, and data usage. I found a number of member communities within groups such as the Earth Science Information Partners (ESIP), the Research Data Alliance (RDA), EarthCube, and the American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG) working to on similar questions related to earth science data. Most importantly, I have found that ideas and concepts from my experience with data curation, archives, reference, metadata, organization of information and other library science topics have prepared me to help find solutions to these questions. As the concept of libraries change, so too must the role of the librarian. With this presentation I will discuss my unique career path and how I believe domain sciences and information science can benefit from each other.

  16. Competencies for Librarians. Proceedings from the 1985 Spring Meeting of the Nebraska Library Association: College and University Section (Omaha, Nebraska, April 26, 1985).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krzywkowski, Valerie I., Ed.

    Based on the conference theme, "Competencies for Librarians," papers presented at the 1985 meeting of the association include: (1) "Planning a Library-Based Public Access Microcomputer Facility" (Suzanne Kehm); (2) "Processing and Circulating Microcomputer Software in the Academic Library: A Sharing Session" (Jan Brumm and Carole Schmidt); (3)…

  17. Criteria for Promotion and Tenure of Librarians in Zimmerman, Parish, and Fine Arts Libraries of the University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hight, Beatrice, Ed.; Bensinger, Claire, Ed.

    The functions of a university library staff have changed greatly in recent years. More scholarship and creative work on the part of academic librarians are demanded, creating a need for library faculty members who have the ability to keep abreast of new developments in the library field, to integrate their knowledge with the teaching functions of…

  18. Academic Change and the Library Function; Papers Delivered at a Meeting of the College and Research Division, Pennsylvania Library Association, October 1969.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stone, C. Walter, Comp.

    This volume is an attempt to encourage academic librarians to use media as well as books in their libraries. It is composed of three papers, two by educators and one by a computer-oriented librarian. Dr. Ralph W. Tyler, former director of the Center of Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford, California, discusses the changed…

  19. Tibetans and Tibetan Americans: Helping K-8 School Librarians and Educators Understand Their History, Culture, and Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bruno, Frank Alan; Beilke, Patricia F.

    2001-01-01

    Provides a review and listing of literature for K-8 school librarians and teachers that focuses on the geography, history, and culture of Tibet and the diverse experiences and folklore of Tibetans. Includes references, other recommended works, and an annotated bibliography divided into folklore, biography, culture and history, fiction, videos, and…

  20. Adding an Extra Helping of Service when You Already Have a Full Plate: Building an Embedded Librarian Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chesnut, Mary Todd; Wesley, Threasa L.; Zai, Robert, III

    2010-01-01

    The librarians at Northern Kentucky University's W. Frank Steely Library have successfully added a new embedded librarianship program to their established reference and instruction services, without the support of increased staffing. In fact, this program was established and has matured during a period of staff reductions. The decisions made in…

  1. Sex Education and the Library: A Basic Bibliography for the General Public with Special Resources for the Librarian.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gordon, Sol

    Intended to aid librarians who are building collections of information about human sexuality, this selected list of references is introduced by an essay on the myths of sexual knowledge, the role of parents, the public's attitudes toward sex education, and the role of libraries. The list itself encompasses these areas: (1) resources for libraries;…

  2. Literature in English: A Guide for Librarians in the Digital Age. ACRL Publications in Librarianship No. 54.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Day, Betty H., Ed.; Wortman, William A., Ed.

    This book of essays is a guide to help librarians in reference and/or collection development in the field of literature in English. Chapters fall into two broad sections: Resources and Collections, and Readers and Services. The first section includes six chapters: "The Nature of Library Collections" (William A. Wortman); "Retrospective Collection…

  3. The role of veterinary medical librarians in teaching information literacy.

    PubMed

    Dinkelman, Andrea L; Viera, Ann R; Bickett-Weddle, Danelle A

    2011-01-01

    This qualitative study seeks to determine the nature of the instruction librarians provide to veterinary medical students at all 28 United States veterinary colleges. A secondary goal of the study was to determine in what ways and to what extent librarians participated in other instructional activities at their colleges. Over half of the librarians formally taught in one or more courses, predominantly in the first two years of the veterinary curriculum. One presentation per course was most common. Over half of the librarians interviewed stated that evidence-based veterinary medicine was taught at their colleges, and about half of these librarians collaborated with veterinary faculty in this instruction. Many librarians participated in orientation for first-year veterinary students. The librarians also taught instructional sessions for residents, interns, faculty, graduate students, and practicing veterinarians. This study found that librarians teach information literacy skills both formally and informally, but, in general, instruction by librarians was not well integrated into the curriculum. This study advances several recommendations to help veterinary students develop information literacy skills. These include: encourage veterinary faculty and administrators to collaborate more closely with librarians, incorporate a broader array of information literacy skills into assignments, and add a literature evaluation course to the curriculum. PMID:22023922

  4. The Learning Outcomes of Mentoring Library Science Students in Virtual World Reference: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Purpur, Geraldine; Morris, Jon Levi

    2015-01-01

    This article reports on the cognitive and affective development of students being mentored in virtual reference interview skills by professional librarians. The authors present a case study which examines the impact on student learning resulting from librarian mentor participation and collaboration with students on a course assignment. This study…

  5. Weeding Is Not Just for Gardeners: A Case Study on Weeding a Reference Collection

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Marta

    2009-01-01

    Weeding a reference collection can be time consuming, a thankless job, and an endless task. It is a dusty job and can add to the librarian's workload. Weeding the collection can add to its currency and usability; plus it removes outdated materials. Periodically weeding allows librarians to remember what is in the collection and what can be removed…

  6. Northern Africa: A Guide to Reference and Information Sources. Reference Sources in the Social Sciences Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skreslet, Paula Youngman

    Intended to assist the student, research scholar, librarian, or information professional gaining a foothold in Northern Africa area studies, this book provides an annotated bibliography of relevant reference materials. The book considers a full spectrum of area studies topics; formal reference works (encyclopedias, dictionaries, atlases,…

  7. International Polar Year Information Resources: Science Librarians Behind the Scenes and in the Field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hicks, G. J.; Sommer, S.

    2006-12-01

    As the International Polar Year approaches, research institutes, scientists, and students are preparing for the challenges of field research and the resulting reports and papers. In support of these researchers, libraries and information centers are developing programs and special projects to provide the information and repositories vital to dissemination of the resulting data and reports. From the National Snow and Ice Data Center's DAHLI project to Scott Polar Research Institute's Discovering the Poles, polar science librarians around the world are gearing up to provide service and information to researchers at home and in the field. Not only will these information specialists and librarians provide resources or answer questions for the scientist in the office, they will also provide much of those same services to the researcher in the field. IPY resources are a special case of the on-demand services science librarians typically provide. They help scientists formulate search strategies and take advantage of new developments in scientific databases at their home institutes. They provide many of the same services to researchers in the field. Whether sitting on an ice breaker in the Southern Ocean or in a tent on a glacier in Spitsbergen, field scientists can email or IM a question to a librarian for digital copies of papers, answers to reference questions, or information from a source in the office. IPY data and publications will be distributed among many existing and a few new clearinghouses and article databases. Science librarians will ensure that their researchers can locate and use these resources, providing a vital service and many important resources for this global effort to understand the current status of climate change and its effect around the globe.

  8. Flipping the classroom to teach systematic reviews: the development of a continuing education course for librarians*

    PubMed Central

    Conte, Marisa L.; MacEachern, Mark P.; Mani, Nandita S.; Townsend, Whitney A.; Smith, Judith E.; Masters, Chase; Kelley, Caitlin

    2015-01-01

    Objective: The researchers used the flipped classroom model to develop and conduct a systematic review course for librarians. Setting: The research took place at an academic health sciences library. Method: A team of informationists developed and conducted a pilot course. Assessment informed changes to both course components; a second course addressed gaps in the pilot. Main Results: Both the pilot and subsequent course received positive reviews. Changes based on assessment data will inform future iterations. Conclusion: The flipped classroom model can be successful in developing and implementing a course that is well rated by students. PMID:25918484

  9. ORCID Author Identifiers: A Primer for Librarians.

    PubMed

    Akers, Katherine G; Sarkozy, Alexandra; Wu, Wendy; Slyman, Alison

    2016-01-01

    The ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) registry helps disambiguate authors and streamline research workflows by assigning unique 16-digit author identifiers that enable automatic linkages between researchers and their scholarly activities. This article describes how ORCID works, the benefits of using ORCID, and how librarians can promote ORCID at their institutions by raising awareness of ORCID, helping researchers create and populate ORCID profiles, and integrating ORCID identifiers into institutional repositories and other university research information systems. PMID:27054531

  10. 1985 to 1995: The Next Decade in Academic Librarianship, Part I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Veaner, Allen B.

    1985-01-01

    Explores the implications of changes to be expected within foreseeable future (1985-95) in environment, mission, functions, and operations of academic libraries for librarians and librarianship. Context of academic librarianship, governance, faculty status, the library's information economy, marketing information to end user, and possible futures…

  11. Building a Peer-Learning Service for Students in an Academic Library

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Kelly, Mary; Garrison, Julie; Merry, Brian; Torreano, Jennifer

    2015-01-01

    Academic libraries are well lauded for offering supportive spaces for students' self-directed study, and significant resources are dedicated to librarian instruction in the classroom. What many academic libraries lack, however, is a middle ground, a routine way for students to help one another using best practices in peer-to-peer learning theory.…

  12. Book Report, Part 2: What Academic Libraries Buy and How Much They Spend.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffert, Barbara

    1998-01-01

    Reports on the book-buying trends and predilections of libraries at two-year colleges, four-year colleges, universities, and large research institutions. Four tables and figures show findings for purchasing power of academic libraries; areas academic librarians believe need more titles; most-bought book categories; and sources used to make…

  13. Raised by Wolves: Integrating the New Generation of Feral Professionals into the Academic Library

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neal, James G.

    2006-01-01

    Academic libraries now hire an increasing number of individuals to fill professional librarian positions who do not have the master's degree in library science. Academic libraries are also creating a wide range of new professional assignments that demand diverse educational backgrounds. Additionally, responsibilities formerly carried out by…

  14. Academic Library Centrality: User Success through Service, Access, and Tradition. ACRL Publications in Librarianship No. 50.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grimes, Deborah J.

    The purpose of this book is to report the findings of one study of the centrality of the academic library and to suggest specific ways in which the library can fulfill its mission. The book aims to improve librarians' understanding of how to help their users succeed and seeks a new metaphor for the academic library that is appropriate for the…

  15. Academic Administrator Influence on Institutional Commitment to Open Access of Scholarly Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reinsfelder, Thomas L.

    2012-01-01

    This quantitative study investigated the interrelationships among faculty researchers, publishers, librarians, and academic administrators when dealing with the open access of scholarly research. This study sought to identify the nature of any relationship between the perceived attitudes and actions of academic administrators and an…

  16. Developing a Standardized List of Questions for the Usability Testing of an Academic Library Web Site

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Letnikova, Galina

    2008-01-01

    Modern academic libraries have a great number of information resources available online in the form of electronic catalogs, books, journals, and subject subscription databases. To determine whether users can easily retrieve the information they are seeking, academic librarians conduct usability testing of their libraries' Web sites. There has been…

  17. Staying True to the Core: Designing the Future Academic Library Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bell, Steven J.

    2014-01-01

    In 2014, the practice of user experience design in academic libraries continues to evolve. It is typically applied in the context of interactions with digital interfaces. Some academic librarians are applying user experience approaches more broadly to design both environments and services with human-centered strategies. As the competition for the…

  18. Marketing of Academic Library Services through Social Networking Sites: Implications of Electronic Word-of-Mouth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siddike, Md. Abul Kalam; Kiran, K.

    2015-01-01

    The main objective of this study is to investigate the perceptions of academic librarians towards the marketing of library services through social networking sites (SNSs) and their understanding of using electronic word-of-mouth (eWOM) as a marketing tool in academic libraries. This study follows a qualitative data-gathering approach of structured…

  19. Good Fences Make Bad Libraries: Rethinking Binary Constructions of Employment in Academic Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Phillip J.; Stivers, James

    2004-01-01

    Academic libraries segregate their personnel into professional and supportive categories almost exclusively on the basis of the American Library Association's (ALA) accredited master's degree. This article surveys the professional discourses of academic librarians and adopts a critical theory methodology to critique this practice. The authors…

  20. Ownership & Authorship of Collaborative Academic Work. CAUT Intellectual Property Advisory. Number 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canadian Association of University Teachers, 2008

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this advisory is to assist academic staff members in avoiding conflict over ownership and authorship rights in collaborative academic work. When students, professors, librarians and other researchers work together in teams, they can create fundamental advances in knowledge. Unfortunately, these arrangements are also generating…

  1. Selecting and Using A Core-Reference Collection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nichols, Margaret Irby

    This guide is designed to assist librarians in the selection, acquisition, and use of a core-reference collection. Section 1, "Sources," is an annotated bibliography which focuses on the selection of those works that should constitute the main reference holdings in a small library or a desk (ready-reference) collection in a larger library. Sources…

  2. Vital pathways for hospital librarians: present and future roles

    PubMed Central

    Holst, Ruth; Funk, Carla J.; Adams, Heidi Sue; Bandy, Margaret; Boss, Catherine Mary; Hill, Beth; Joseph, Claire B.; Lett, Rosalind K.

    2009-01-01

    Objectives: The research objectives were to (1) describe the current and future roles of hospital librarians and the challenges they face and (2) find evidence supporting the hypothesis that librarians are essential to hospitals in achieving the organizations' mission-critical goals. Method: The authors used results from a previous research study that identified the five organizational mission-critical goals important to hospital administrators and then searched the literature and solicited examples from hospital librarians to describe the librarian's role in helping hospitals achieve these goals. Results: The literature supports the hypothesis that hospital librarians play important roles in the success of the hospital. Librarians support quality clinical care, efficient and effective hospital operations, continuing education for staff, research and innovation, and patient, family, and community health information needs. Conclusion: Hospital librarians fulfill many mission-critical roles in today's hospital, providing the right information at the right time in a variety of ways to enhance hospital and medical staff effectiveness, optimize patient care, improve patient outcomes, and increase patient and family satisfaction with the hospital and its services. Because hospital librarians and their services provide an excellent return on investment for the hospital and help the hospital keep its competitive edge, hospital staff should have access to the services of a professional librarian. PMID:19851493

  3. Academic Libraries in Iran

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deale, H. Vail

    1973-01-01

    Iranian librarianship is in the embryonic stages of development, especially with respect to modern and functional academic libraries. In three major areas--personnel, resources, and physical facilities--the academic libraries are deficient compared with Western standards. (16 references) (Author)

  4. Revitalizing Traditional Information Literacy Instruction: Exploring Games in Academic Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Margino, Megan

    2013-01-01

    The Future Voices in Public Services column is a forum for students in graduate library and information science programs to discuss key issues they see in academic library public services, to envision what they feel librarians in public service have to offer to academia, to tell of their visions for the profession, or to tell of research that is…

  5. An Upstart Web Catalog Challenges an Academic-Library Giant

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foster, Andrea L.

    2008-01-01

    21-year-old Aaron Swartz is attempting to turn the library world upside down. He is taking on the subscription-based WorldCat, the largest bibliographic database on the planet, by building a free online book catalog that anyone can update. Many academic librarians are wary of Mr. Swartz's project because it will allow nonlibrarians, who may be…

  6. Creating an Academic Library for the Twenty-First Century

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barclay, Donald A.

    2007-01-01

    When Bruce Miller took up the position of head librarian at the University of California, Merced in 2001, the plan for the new library was to use the University of California (UC) system's rich base of support as a launching pad for something great and extraordinary: a model academic research library for the twenty-first century. This article…

  7. Resource Allocation to Government Documents Departments in Academic Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Kevin L.

    1985-01-01

    Explores both the allocation of resources to documents departments in academic libraries and the wide variation in local levels of support. Ways in which documents librarians may change levels of support through sources within and beyond their libraries are suggested. (CLB)

  8. Work of the Web Weavers: Web Development in Academic Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bundza, Maira; Vander Meer, Patricia Fravel; Perez-Stable, Maria A.

    2009-01-01

    Although the library's Web site has become a standard tool for seeking information and conducting research in academic institutions, there are a variety of ways libraries approach the often challenging--and sometimes daunting--process of Web site development and maintenance. Three librarians at Western Michigan University explored issues related…

  9. Toward a User-Centered Academic Library Home Page

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McHale, Nina

    2008-01-01

    In the past decade, academic libraries have struggled with the design of an effective library home page. Since librarians' mental models of information architecture differ from those of their patrons, usability assessments are necessary in designing a user-centered home page. This study details a usability sequence of card sort and paper and…

  10. How to Stay Afloat in the Academic Library Job Pool

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neely, Teresa Y., Ed.

    2011-01-01

    There's never been a more challenging time to find a position as an academic librarian, especially for those who have recently completed their library education. Whether job-hunters are jumping into the job pool for the very first time, or back in the water after a dry spell, Neely and her crack team of expert contributors have the information…

  11. The Academic Library and the Culture for Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hufford, Jon R.

    2016-01-01

    Several components of a campus culture affect learning, yet assessments regularly neglect some of them. Academic librarians should evaluate how they impact courses and student learning through their support of these neglected components. Assessment goals to address some of the components include measuring the level of support for courses with…

  12. Fair Use Challenges in Academic and Research Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Research Libraries, 2010

    2010-01-01

    This report summarizes research into the current application of fair use to meet the missions of U.S. academic and research libraries. Sixty-five librarians were interviewed confidentially by telephone for around one hour each. They were asked about their employment of fair use in five key areas of practice: support for teaching and learning,…

  13. Librarians in Evidence-Based Medicine Curricula: A Qualitative Study of Librarian Roles, Training, and Desires for Future Development.

    PubMed

    Maggio, Lauren A; Durieux, Nancy; Tannery, Nancy H

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to describe librarians' roles in evidence-based medicine (EBM) from the librarian perspective, identify how librarians are trained to teach, and highlight preferences for professional development. A multiinstitution qualitative study was conducted. Nine medical librarians identified by their faculty as integrated into EBM training were interviewed. Participants' descriptions indicated that they were active in curriculum development, deployment (including teaching activities), and assessment to support EBM. Participants identified direct experience and workshop participation as primary methods of learning to teach. Participants desired continuing development as teachers and requested opportunities for in-person workshops, shadowing physicians, and online training. PMID:26496397

  14. The Networked Future of Academic Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sutton, Brett

    1992-01-01

    Provides an overview of computer networking and discusses three general applications--communications, remote access, and file transfer--and their benefits to library services. Outlines three problems librarians face--economic and technological access, training, and the challenge of participative development of the Internet. (14 references/notes)…

  15. Reference and Information Service: The Inner Game.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wagers, Robert

    1980-01-01

    Applies Timothy Gallwey's consciousness-altering techniques for physical activity (from his books on tennis and skiing) to the library reference situation, explaining methods that could help librarians overcome barriers in their activities while relying upon natural information-seeking abilities. (Author/JD)

  16. Current Texas Reference Sources. A Sesquicentennial Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nichols, Margaret Irby

    Compiled in conjunction with the Texas Sesquicentennial celebration, this bibliography is designed to aid librarians in selecting reference materials related to Texas history, culture, and geography. The needs of small and medium-sized libraries have received special attention, but the bibliography would also be useful to large libraries and those…

  17. A Colorado Response to the Information Society: The Changing Academic Library. Proceedings of a Conference (Denver, Colorado, October 6-7, 1983).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Breivik, Patricia Senn, Ed.

    As suggested by a Colorado Academic Library Master Plan developed in 1982, a statewide conference that brought together academicians and librarians was held to explore the role of academic libraries in the information society. People came in teams of three from institutions and included library directors, academic vice presidents, and faculty…

  18. Academic Freedom and Indentured Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Jeffrey J.

    2012-01-01

    Discussion of academic freedom usually focuses on faculty, and it usually refers to speech. That is the gist of the 1915 "General Report of the Committee on Academic Freedom and Academic Tenure," appearing in the inaugural AAUP "Bulletin" as a kind of mission statement. Given the conditions of the American system of higher education--decentralized…

  19. The Subject Librarian as a Cultural Ambassador: An Australian Librarian in London

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Lara Cain

    2009-01-01

    In Information Studies literature there is debate about the future of the "subject librarian" as the increasing sophistication of electronic search devices leaves readers progressively more capable of seeking and interpreting information independently. As a case study, however, this essay will look at one such library professional, the curator for…

  20. Librarians and Party Girls: Cultural Studies and the Meaning of the Librarian.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Radford, Marie L.; Radford, Gary P.

    2003-01-01

    Responds to Wayne Wiegand's article that criticizes library and information science by suggesting a cultural studies approach to the field. Applies the work of Stuart Hall to a media stereotype of the female librarian based on the film "Party Girl" to allow new interpretations of media images of the profession. (Author/LRW)

  1. The Role and Responsibilities of an E-Tutor Librarian

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waite, Kathryn; Gannon-Leary, Pat; Carr, James

    2011-01-01

    Current trends in librarianship in higher education have indicated an increasing tutoring role for librarians in the online environment. This article examines how the role of the e-tutor is outlined in selected online learning literature before progressing to examine the implications for librarians of fulfilling the demanding e-tutoring role by…

  2. Combating plagiarism: the role of the health librarian.

    PubMed

    Spring, Hannah; Adams, Rachel

    2013-12-01

    This feature looks at the issue of plagiarism in health care students and the role of the health librarian in combating the problem. In particular, consideration is given to how plagiarism can occur and provides some examples from two UK universities of approaches health librarians can take in supporting students to avoid these common pitfalls. PMID:24251896

  3. Beyond the Stacks: How Librarians Support Students and Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Freeman, Joanna

    2014-01-01

    There are many different job titles for this position around the country: school librarian, library media specialist, information technology specialist, research technology specialist, and library media coordinator. The position has changed from primarily a traditional librarian position to a balance of teaching and librarianship, and it's…

  4. The Reading Connection: Bringing Parents, Teachers, and Librarians Together.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knowles, Elizabeth; Smith, Martha

    Librarians and teachers can tap a powerful source for motivating children to read by involving parents and creating a partnership between home and school. This guide shows educators how to encourage literacy and reading by establishing a book club for parents, teachers, librarians, and students. Chapter 1 discusses directions for starting a book…

  5. Google in the Research and Teaching of Instruction Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sorensen, Charlene; Dahl, Candice

    2008-01-01

    This exploratory study assesses the differences and similarities between how instruction librarians in Western Canada use Google and how they instruct students to use it. Survey results indicate that these librarians do use Google but can be influenced by faculty to present Google negatively to students. (Contains 4 figures and 1 table.)

  6. The Politics of Expertise and Role of the Librarian.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frankena, Frederick; Frankena, Joann Koelln

    1986-01-01

    Intended to introduce librarians to social science concepts relevant to the future of librarianship, this essay explores Birdsall's thesis that librarians belong to a special class of professions that share knowledge with their clients, and that the problems of these professions are political as well as social and economic. (EM)

  7. Librarians as Partners in the Classroom: An Increasing Imperative.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winner, Marian C.

    1998-01-01

    Outlines methods to promote effective curriculum development through faculty-librarian partnerships. Recognition of the role of librarians as instructors is discussed related to: position descriptions and workloads; flexible work standards; joint appointments; compensation for added instructional loads, including temporary or part-time…

  8. Instruction on the Web: Getting All Librarians Involved.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swaine, Cynthia Wright

    The Collection Development Council at Old Dominion University (Virginia) decided to involve all subject specialist librarians in creating guides to web resources in the disciplines for which they serve as bibliographers. The project was intended to help librarians become familiar with Internet resources in their fields of expertise and give them…

  9. ICDE Librarians' Roundtable (Hong Kong, October 11-12, 1999).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wai-man, Wong; Schafer, Steve; Watson, Elizabeth F.; Tai-loon, Fong

    The International Council for Open and Distance Education (ICDE) Librarians' Roundtable is the first of its kind for librarians of international distance and open education institutions to exchange their views on how to cope with the development of their institutions in the use of new technology, and in the provision of library services to…

  10. Change and the School Librarian: An Experience in Evolution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dickinson, Gail K.

    2015-01-01

    The literature in both education and library science since the 1980s has encouraged school librarians to support education change through service to school-wide initiatives. The difference in the literature from the last century to this one is the transition from a reactive stance to a proactive one. The former encouraged librarians to gain…

  11. Education and Training of Librarians in Children's Librarianship.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glistrup, Eva, Ed.

    Intended as a practical tool for anyone who wishes to improve the education and training of children's librarians, this collection of reports is designed to provide ideas on how to analyze an education for children's librarians and tools for elaborating an education resting on local knowledge. The reports present the main features in the training…

  12. Bigger Is (Maybe) Better: Librarians' Views of Interdisciplinary Databases

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilbert, Julie K.

    2010-01-01

    This study investigates librarians' satisfaction with general interdisciplinary databases for undergraduate research and explores possibilities for improving these databases. Results from a national survey suggest that librarians at a variety of institutions are relatively satisfied overall with the content and usability of general,…

  13. Librarians and Graphic Design: Preparation, Roles, and Desired Support

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wakimoto, Diana K.

    2015-01-01

    Librarians often become de facto graphic designers for their libraries, taking responsibility for designing signage, handouts, brochures, web pages, and many other promotional, instructional, and wayfinding documents. However, the majority of librarians with graphic design responsibilities are not trained as graphic designers. This exploratory…

  14. Librarians Form a Bridge of Books to Advance Literacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughes-Hassell, Sandra; Rawson, Casey H.; McCracken, Lisa; Leonard, Mary Gray; Cunningham, Heather; Vance, Katy J.; Boone, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    School librarians are natural partners in the effort to improve the education, social and employment outcomes of black males. School librarians in Durham, N.C., have been working to close the literacy gap for black males. One of the literacy initiatives centered on the work of Alfred W. Tatum who believes that efforts to engage black males in…

  15. Beyond Subject Specialization: The Creation of Embedded Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudasill, Lynne Marie

    2010-01-01

    The concept of the embedded librarian takes subject specialization to another plane. The article that follows discusses the embedded librarian as an evolutionary product and speculates on the reasons driving the change from the library to the department or center for the delivery of information services. Four drivers for change are explored with…

  16. International Exchange of Librarians and the Ohio University Internship Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Hwa-Wei; Mulliner, K.

    Many international exchange opportunities are available for American librarians in overseas work, teaching, and consulting. Exchange agreements can be made using personal contacts, privately funded and government programs, and notices in publications. Internships for Asian librarians are available through a library internship program, which was…

  17. Factors Contributing to the Adoption of Virtual Worlds by Librarians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Valerie J.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine factors that may or may not contribute to the adoption of the innovation of virtual worlds by librarians. Using Everett Rogers' Diffusion Theory as a framework, the study sought to identify librarians with avatars (computer simulated representations of themselves) in the virtual world of Second Life,…

  18. Solo Librarians and Intellectual Freedom: Perspectives from the Field

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Helen R.

    2011-01-01

    As schools across the country face increasing fiscal restraints, school library professional positions are being eliminated at an alarming rate. As a result, many school librarians are becoming the only certified library professional in a district, serving multiple schools and grade levels. Suddenly, each is a solo librarian. As a solo librarian…

  19. The School Librarian as Information Specialist: A Vibrant Species

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Frances Jacobson

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the author talks about the school librarian as information specialist. She stresses that the school librarian's information specialist role is more important than ever. She offers her personal toolkit that consists of four strategies in helping and teaching students to use content responsibly.

  20. Growing on the Job: Professional Development for the School Librarian.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boardman, Edna M.

    This guide presents a series of articles which give pointers, hints, and examples of day-to-day development activities school librarians can use to hone their professionalism. The first of five sections describes ways in which librarians can provide professional service and lists some markers of professionalism. The second section presents one…