Science.gov

Sample records for access criminal history

  1. 28 CFR 20.34 - Individual's right to access criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... history record information. 20.34 Section 20.34 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.34 Individual's right to access criminal history record information. The procedures by which an individual...

  2. 28 CFR 20.34 - Individual's right to access criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... history record information. 20.34 Section 20.34 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.34 Individual's right to access criminal history record information. The procedures by which an individual...

  3. 28 CFR 20.34 - Individual's right to access criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... history record information. 20.34 Section 20.34 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.34 Individual's right to access criminal history record information. The procedures by which an individual...

  4. 28 CFR 20.34 - Individual's right to access criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... history record information. 20.34 Section 20.34 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.34 Individual's right to access criminal history record information. The procedures by which an individual...

  5. 28 CFR 20.34 - Individual's right to access criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... history record information. 20.34 Section 20.34 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.34 Individual's right to access criminal history record information. The procedures by which an individual...

  6. Is it morally permissible for hospital nurses to access prisoner-patients' criminal histories?

    PubMed

    Neiman, Paul

    2016-01-01

    In the United States, information about a person's criminal history is accessible with a name and date of birth. Ruth Crampton has studied nurses' care for prisoner-patients in hospital settings and found care to be perfunctory and reactive. This article examines whether it is morally permissible for nurses in hospital settings to access information about prisoner-patients' criminal histories. Nurses may argue for a right to such information based on the right to personal safety at work or the obligation to provide prisoner-patients with the care that they deserve. These two arguments are considered and rejected. It is further argued that accessing information about a prisoner-patient's criminal history violates nurses' duty to care. Care, understood through Sarah Ruddick's account as work and relationship, requires nurses to be open and unbiased in order to do their part in forming a caring relationship with patients. Knowledge of a prisoner-patient's criminal history inhibits the formation of this relationship and thus violates nurses' duty to care.

  7. 10 CFR 73.57 - Requirements for criminal history records checks of individuals granted unescorted access to a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Requirements for criminal history records checks of... Safeguards Information. 73.57 Section 73.57 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) PHYSICAL... criminal history records checks of individuals granted unescorted access to a nuclear power facility, a...

  8. 10 CFR 73.57 - Requirements for criminal history records checks of individuals granted unescorted access to a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Requirements for criminal history records checks of... Safeguards Information. 73.57 Section 73.57 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) PHYSICAL... criminal history records checks of individuals granted unescorted access to a nuclear power facility, a...

  9. 10 CFR 37.27 - Requirements for criminal history records checks of individuals granted unescorted access to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Requirements for criminal history records checks of... Section 37.27 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF CATEGORY 1 AND CATEGORY 2... Requirements for criminal history records checks of individuals granted unescorted access to category 1...

  10. 10 CFR 73.57 - Requirements for criminal history records checks of individuals granted unescorted access to a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Requirements for criminal history records checks of individuals granted unescorted access to a nuclear power facility or access to Safeguards Information. 73.57 Section 73.57 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF PLANTS AND...

  11. 10 CFR 73.57 - Requirements for criminal history records checks of individuals granted unescorted access to a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Requirements for criminal history records checks of individuals granted unescorted access to a nuclear power facility or access to Safeguards Information. 73.57 Section 73.57 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF PLANTS AND...

  12. 28 CFR 20.21 - Preparation and submission of a Criminal History Record Information Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS State and Local Criminal History Record Information Systems § 20.21... information. (2) Access to criminal history record information system facilities, systems operating... dedicated or shared, which support criminal justice information systems, operate in accordance...

  13. 28 CFR 20.21 - Preparation and submission of a Criminal History Record Information Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS State and Local Criminal History Record Information Systems § 20.21... information. (2) Access to criminal history record information system facilities, systems operating... dedicated or shared, which support criminal justice information systems, operate in accordance...

  14. 28 CFR 20.21 - Preparation and submission of a Criminal History Record Information Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS State and Local Criminal History Record Information Systems § 20.21... information. (2) Access to criminal history record information system facilities, systems operating... dedicated or shared, which support criminal justice information systems, operate in accordance...

  15. 28 CFR 20.21 - Preparation and submission of a Criminal History Record Information Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS State and Local Criminal History Record Information Systems § 20.21... information. (2) Access to criminal history record information system facilities, systems operating... dedicated or shared, which support criminal justice information systems, operate in accordance...

  16. 28 CFR 20.21 - Preparation and submission of a Criminal History Record Information Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS State and Local Criminal History Record Information Systems § 20.21... information. (2) Access to criminal history record information system facilities, systems operating... dedicated or shared, which support criminal justice information systems, operate in accordance...

  17. 10 CFR 73.57 - Requirements for criminal history records checks of individuals granted unescorted access to a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... will then review and use the information received from the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and... official capacity; State or local government employees who have had equivalent reviews of FBI criminal... criminal history requests through the FBI pursuant to Executive Order 10450 need not also submit...

  18. 22 CFR 40.5 - Limitations on the use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Information Center (NCIC) criminal history information. 40.5 Section 40.5 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF... Center (NCIC) criminal history information. (a) Authorized access. The FBI's National Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history records are law enforcement sensitive and can only be accessed...

  19. 22 CFR 40.5 - Limitations on the use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Information Center (NCIC) criminal history information. 40.5 Section 40.5 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF... Center (NCIC) criminal history information. (a) Authorized access. The FBI's National Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history records are law enforcement sensitive and can only be accessed...

  20. 22 CFR 40.5 - Limitations on the use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Information Center (NCIC) criminal history information. 40.5 Section 40.5 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF... Center (NCIC) criminal history information. (a) Authorized access. The FBI's National Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history records are law enforcement sensitive and can only be accessed...

  1. 45 CFR 2540.204 - When must I conduct a National Service Criminal History Check on an individual in a covered...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... position begins work or starts service. (2) You must initiate state registry or FBI criminal history checks... from state registry or FBI criminal history checks as long as the individual is not permitted access...

  2. The Inextricable Link between Age and Criminal History in Sentencing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bushway, Shawn D.; Piehl, Anne Morrison

    2007-01-01

    In sentencing research, significant negative coefficients on age research have been interpreted as evidence that actors in the criminal justice system discriminate against younger people. This interpretation is incomplete. Criminal sentencing laws generally specify punishment in terms of the number of past events in a defendant's criminal history.…

  3. Access to Sign Language Interpreters in the Criminal Justice System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Katrina R.

    2001-01-01

    This study surveyed 46 professional sign language interpreters working in criminal justice settings and evaluated 22 cases to evaluate access issues for individuals with hearing impairments. Recommendations to increase the accessibility of interpreting services included providing ongoing awareness training to criminal justice personnel and…

  4. Congress, NRC mull utility access to FBI criminal files

    SciTech Connect

    Ultroska, D.

    1984-08-01

    Experiences at Alabama Power Company and other nuclear utilities have promped a request for institutionalizing security checks of personnel in order to eliminated convicted criminals and drug users. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), which could provide FBI criminal history information by submitting fingerprints, does not do so, and would require new legislation to take on that duty. Believing that current malevolent employees can be managed with existing procedures, NRC allows criminal background checks only on prospective employees in order to avoid a negative social impact on personnel. Legislation to transfer criminal histories to nuclear facilities is now pending, and NRC is leaning toward a request for full disclosure, partly because of terrorist threats and partly to save manpower time and costs in reviewing case histories.

  5. 28 CFR 904.3 - State criminal history record screening standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false State criminal history record screening... STATE CRIMINAL HISTORY RECORD SCREENING STANDARDS § 904.3 State criminal history record screening standards. The following record screening standards relate to criminal history record information...

  6. 28 CFR 904.3 - State criminal history record screening standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false State criminal history record screening... STATE CRIMINAL HISTORY RECORD SCREENING STANDARDS § 904.3 State criminal history record screening standards. The following record screening standards relate to criminal history record information...

  7. 28 CFR 904.3 - State criminal history record screening standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false State criminal history record screening... STATE CRIMINAL HISTORY RECORD SCREENING STANDARDS § 904.3 State criminal history record screening standards. The following record screening standards relate to criminal history record information...

  8. 28 CFR 904.3 - State criminal history record screening standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false State criminal history record screening... STATE CRIMINAL HISTORY RECORD SCREENING STANDARDS § 904.3 State criminal history record screening standards. The following record screening standards relate to criminal history record information...

  9. 28 CFR 904.3 - State criminal history record screening standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false State criminal history record screening... STATE CRIMINAL HISTORY RECORD SCREENING STANDARDS § 904.3 State criminal history record screening standards. The following record screening standards relate to criminal history record information...

  10. History of vascular access.

    PubMed

    Dudrick, Stanley J

    2006-01-01

    Milestones in the history of the development of vascular access and the subsequent advances in practical clinical applications of the knowledge, techniques, technology, and experience to the beneficial management of a variety of patients are described. The original achievements are presented and briefly discussed primarily, but not exclusively, in relationship to the successful development of parenteral nutrition (PN). Beginning with the discovery of the circulation of blood, landmark events, resulting from astute observations, experimentation, and ingenious technological advances, are summarized or outlined chronologically over the past 4 centuries, with emphasis on the many recent accomplishments of basic and clinical scientists during the past 6 decades. Brief descriptions of several seminal contributions to safe and effective IV access, management, and therapy acknowledge and recognize the historical highlights that have allowed a complex and potentially hazardous therapeutic modality to evolve into a commonly applied useful adjunct to our current inpatient and outpatient armamentarium. A comprehensive list of references documents the highlights of the development of vascular access for the student of history.

  11. Criminal history systems: new technology and new directions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Threatte, James

    1997-02-01

    Many forces are driving states to improve their current Criminal History and On-Line Criminal Justice Information Systems. The predominate factors compelling this movement are (1) the deterioration and cost of supporting older legacy systems, (2) current generation high performance, low cost hardware and system software, and (3) funding programs, such as the National Criminal History Improvement Program, which are targeted specifically at improving these important systems. In early 1996, SAIC established an Internal Research and Development project devoted to Computerized Criminal History Systems (CCH). This project began with an assessment of current hardware, operating system, and relational database technology. Application software design and development approaches were then reviewed with a focus on object-oriented approaches, three tier client server architectures, and tools that enable the `right sizing' of systems. An operational prototype of a State CCH system was established based on the results of these investigations.

  12. 10 CFR 37.29 - Relief from fingerprinting, identification, and criminal history records checks and other...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... individuals permitted unescorted access to certain radioactive materials. 37.29 Section 37.29 Energy NUCLEAR... criminal history records checks required by section 149 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, are... 10 Energy 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Relief from fingerprinting, identification, and...

  13. 28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... information. 20.33 Section 20.33 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination of criminal history record information. (a) Criminal history record information contained in the III...

  14. 28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... information. 20.33 Section 20.33 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination of criminal history record information. (a) Criminal history record information contained in the III...

  15. 28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... information. 20.33 Section 20.33 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination of criminal history record information. (a) Criminal history record information contained in the III...

  16. 28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... information. 20.33 Section 20.33 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination of criminal history record information. (a) Criminal history record information contained in the III...

  17. 28 CFR 20.33 - Dissemination of criminal history record information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... information. 20.33 Section 20.33 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CRIMINAL JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.33 Dissemination of criminal history record information. (a) Criminal history record information contained in the III...

  18. Delinquent Histories of Adolescents Adjudicated for Criminal Sexual Conduct

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Way, Ineke; Urbaniak, Danielle

    2008-01-01

    A content analysis of closed case records from family court examined personal and family history variables for adolescents with sexually abusive behaviors who had been adjudicated for criminal sexual conduct and compared sub-groups of adolescents with (n = 72) and without (n = 80) prior other delinquent behavior. The study's findings indicate that…

  19. 32 CFR 635.25 - Submission of criminal history data to the CJIS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Submission of criminal history data to the CJIS... Submission of criminal history data to the CJIS. (a) General. This paragraph establishes procedures for submitting criminal history data (fingerprint cards) to CJIS when the Provost Marshal/Director of...

  20. 32 CFR 635.25 - Submission of criminal history data to the CJIS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Submission of criminal history data to the CJIS... Submission of criminal history data to the CJIS. (a) General. This paragraph establishes procedures for submitting criminal history data (fingerprint cards) to CJIS when the Provost Marshal/Director of...

  1. 28 CFR 904.2 - Interpretation of the criminal history record screening requirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Interpretation of the criminal history... PRIVACY COMPACT COUNCIL STATE CRIMINAL HISTORY RECORD SCREENING STANDARDS § 904.2 Interpretation of the criminal history record screening requirement. Compact Article IV(c) provides that “Any record...

  2. 45 CFR 2540.200 - To whom must I apply suitability criteria relating to criminal history?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false To whom must I apply suitability criteria relating to criminal history? 2540.200 Section 2540.200 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare... criteria relating to criminal history? You must apply suitability criteria relating to criminal history...

  3. 32 CFR Appendix B to Part 86 - Criteria For Criminal History Background Check Disqualification

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Criteria For Criminal History Background Check... PERSONNEL, MILITARY AND CIVILIAN CRIMINAL HISTORY BACKGROUND CHECKS ON INDIVIDUALS IN CHILD CARE SERVICES Pt. 86, App. B Appendix B to Part 86—Criteria For Criminal History Background Check Disqualification...

  4. 45 CFR 2522.205 - To whom must I apply suitability criteria relating to criminal history?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false To whom must I apply suitability criteria relating to criminal history? 2522.205 Section 2522.205 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare... relating to criminal history? You must apply suitability criteria relating to criminal history to...

  5. 32 CFR Appendix B to Part 86 - Criteria For Criminal History Background Check Disqualification

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Criteria For Criminal History Background Check... PERSONNEL, MILITARY AND CIVILIAN CRIMINAL HISTORY BACKGROUND CHECKS ON INDIVIDUALS IN CHILD CARE SERVICES Pt. 86, App. B Appendix B to Part 86—Criteria For Criminal History Background Check Disqualification...

  6. 45 CFR 2522.205 - To whom must I apply suitability criteria relating to criminal history?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false To whom must I apply suitability criteria relating to criminal history? 2522.205 Section 2522.205 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare... relating to criminal history? You must apply suitability criteria relating to criminal history to...

  7. 32 CFR 635.25 - Submission of criminal history data to the CJIS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Submission of criminal history data to the CJIS... Submission of criminal history data to the CJIS. (a) General. This paragraph establishes procedures for submitting criminal history data (fingerprint cards) to CJIS when the Provost Marshal/Director of...

  8. 45 CFR 2540.200 - To whom must I apply suitability criteria relating to criminal history?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false To whom must I apply suitability criteria relating to criminal history? 2540.200 Section 2540.200 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare... criteria relating to criminal history? You must apply suitability criteria relating to criminal history...

  9. 45 CFR 2522.205 - To whom must I apply suitability criteria relating to criminal history?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false To whom must I apply suitability criteria relating to criminal history? 2522.205 Section 2522.205 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare... relating to criminal history? You must apply suitability criteria relating to criminal history to...

  10. 28 CFR 904.2 - Interpretation of the criminal history record screening requirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Interpretation of the criminal history... PRIVACY COMPACT COUNCIL STATE CRIMINAL HISTORY RECORD SCREENING STANDARDS § 904.2 Interpretation of the criminal history record screening requirement. Compact Article IV(c) provides that “Any record...

  11. 45 CFR 2540.200 - To whom must I apply suitability criteria relating to criminal history?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false To whom must I apply suitability criteria relating to criminal history? 2540.200 Section 2540.200 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare... criteria relating to criminal history? You must apply suitability criteria relating to criminal history...

  12. 28 CFR 904.2 - Interpretation of the criminal history record screening requirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Interpretation of the criminal history... PRIVACY COMPACT COUNCIL STATE CRIMINAL HISTORY RECORD SCREENING STANDARDS § 904.2 Interpretation of the criminal history record screening requirement. Compact Article IV(c) provides that “Any record...

  13. 32 CFR 635.25 - Submission of criminal history data to the CJIS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Submission of criminal history data to the CJIS... Submission of criminal history data to the CJIS. (a) General. This paragraph establishes procedures for submitting criminal history data (fingerprint cards) to CJIS when the Provost Marshal/Director of...

  14. 28 CFR 904.2 - Interpretation of the criminal history record screening requirement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Interpretation of the criminal history... PRIVACY COMPACT COUNCIL STATE CRIMINAL HISTORY RECORD SCREENING STANDARDS § 904.2 Interpretation of the criminal history record screening requirement. Compact Article IV(c) provides that “Any record...

  15. THE CRIMINAL PSYCHOPATH: HISTORY, NEUROSCIENCE, TREATMENT, AND ECONOMICS

    PubMed Central

    Kiehl, Kent A.; Hoffman, Morris B.

    2014-01-01

    The manuscript surveys the history of psychopathic personality, from its origins in psychiatric folklore to its modern assessment in the forensic arena. Individuals with psychopathic personality, or psychopaths, have a disproportionate impact on the criminal justice system. Psychopaths are twenty to twenty-five times more likely than non-psychopaths to be in prison, four to eight times more likely to violently recidivate compared to non-psychopaths, and are resistant to most forms of treatment. This article presents the most current clinical efforts and neuroscience research in the field of psychopathy. Given psychopathy’s enormous impact on society in general and on the criminal justice system in particular, there are significant benefits to increasing awareness of the condition. This review also highlights a recent, compelling and cost-effective treatment program that has shown a significant reduction in violent recidivism in youth on a putative trajectory to psychopathic personality. PMID:24944437

  16. Community College Students with Criminal Justice Histories and Human Services Education: Glass Ceiling, Brick Wall, or a Pathway to Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Lisa Hale

    2015-01-01

    In spite of open access to community college education, specifically human service associate degree programs, students with criminal justice histories do not necessarily have an unobstructed pathway to obtaining the degree and admission to the baccalaureate programs in human services and social work that are almost always selective. The first…

  17. 22 CFR 40.5 - Limitations on the use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... authorized consular personnel with visa processing responsibilities. (b) Use of information. NCIC criminal... protect applicants' privacy, authorized Department personnel must secure all NCIC criminal history...

  18. 22 CFR 40.5 - Limitations on the use of National Crime Information Center (NCIC) criminal history information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... authorized consular personnel with visa processing responsibilities. (b) Use of information. NCIC criminal... protect applicants' privacy, authorized Department personnel must secure all NCIC criminal history...

  19. 28 CFR 105.23 - Procedure for requesting criminal history record check.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procedure for requesting criminal history... HISTORY BACKGROUND CHECKS Private Security Officer Employment § 105.23 Procedure for requesting criminal history record check. These procedures only apply to participating states. An authorized employer...

  20. 28 CFR 105.23 - Procedure for requesting criminal history record check.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Procedure for requesting criminal history... HISTORY BACKGROUND CHECKS Private Security Officer Employment § 105.23 Procedure for requesting criminal history record check. These procedures only apply to participating states. An authorized employer...

  1. 28 CFR 105.23 - Procedure for requesting criminal history record check.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Procedure for requesting criminal history... HISTORY BACKGROUND CHECKS Private Security Officer Employment § 105.23 Procedure for requesting criminal history record check. These procedures only apply to participating states. An authorized employer...

  2. 28 CFR 105.23 - Procedure for requesting criminal history record check.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Procedure for requesting criminal history... HISTORY BACKGROUND CHECKS Private Security Officer Employment § 105.23 Procedure for requesting criminal history record check. These procedures only apply to participating states. An authorized employer...

  3. 28 CFR 105.23 - Procedure for requesting criminal history record check.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Procedure for requesting criminal history... HISTORY BACKGROUND CHECKS Private Security Officer Employment § 105.23 Procedure for requesting criminal history record check. These procedures only apply to participating states. An authorized employer...

  4. 10 CFR 73.59 - Relief from fingerprinting, identification and criminal history records checks and other elements...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... history records checks and other elements of background checks for designated categories of individuals..., identification and criminal history records checks and other elements of background checks for designated categories of individuals. Fingerprinting, and the identification and criminal history records...

  5. 10 CFR 73.59 - Relief from fingerprinting, identification and criminal history records checks and other elements...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... history records checks and other elements of background checks for designated categories of individuals..., identification and criminal history records checks and other elements of background checks for designated categories of individuals. Fingerprinting, and the identification and criminal history records...

  6. 10 CFR 73.59 - Relief from fingerprinting, identification and criminal history records checks and other elements...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... history records checks and other elements of background checks for designated categories of individuals..., identification and criminal history records checks and other elements of background checks for designated categories of individuals. Fingerprinting, and the identification and criminal history records...

  7. Homeless veterans in supported housing: exploring the impact of criminal history.

    PubMed

    Tsai, Jack; Rosenheck, Robert A

    2013-11-01

    This article described the criminal histories of a multisite sample of homeless veterans enrolled in the Housing and Urban Development-Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing (HUD-VASH) program, presented a method of categorizing them, and compared outcomes among veterans with different criminal histories. A national dataset on a total of 1,160 participants over a 1-year period was analyzed. Cluster analyses were conducted on the criminal histories of participants and groups of participants were compared on program entry characteristics and outcomes. Before entry into the HUD-VASH program, 79% of participants had been charged with at least one criminal charge. The most common criminal charges were disorderly conduct, vagrancy, and public intoxication. At program entry, participants with more extensive criminal histories showed poorer status in employment, housing, substance abuse, and quality of life compared with participants with minor or no criminal histories. However, once enrolled in supported housing, there were no group differences in outcomes and all groups showed substantial improvements in housing. These findings suggest that most homeless veterans have had involvement in the criminal justice system, albeit mostly to a small extent. Supported housing programs, like HUD-VASH, that serve homeless veterans regardless of their criminal history should be supported.

  8. 45 CFR 2552.27 - What two search components of the National Service Criminal History Check must I satisfy to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Criminal History Check must I satisfy to determine an individual's suitability to serve in a covered... a Sponsor § 2552.27 What two search components of the National Service Criminal History Check must I... conduct and document a National Service Criminal History Check, which consists of the following two...

  9. 45 CFR 2551.29 - What procedures must I follow in conducting a National Service Criminal History Check?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... National Service Criminal History Check? 2551.29 Section 2551.29 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to... Service Criminal History Check? You are responsible for ensuring that the following procedures are... program is contingent upon the organization's review of the individual's criminal history, if any;...

  10. 45 CFR 2540.202 - What two search components of the National Service Criminal History Check must I satisfy to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Criminal History Check must I satisfy to determine an individual's suitability to serve in a covered... Service Criminal History Check must I satisfy to determine an individual's suitability to serve in a... National Service Criminal History Check, which consists of the following two search components: (a)...

  11. 45 CFR 2551.29 - What procedures must I follow in conducting a National Service Criminal History Check?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... National Service Criminal History Check? 2551.29 Section 2551.29 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to... Service Criminal History Check? You are responsible for ensuring that the following procedures are... program is contingent upon the organization's review of the individual's criminal history, if any;...

  12. 45 CFR 2540.206 - What documentation must I maintain regarding a National Service Criminal History Check for a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... National Service Criminal History Check for a covered position? 2540.206 Section 2540.206 Public Welfare... What documentation must I maintain regarding a National Service Criminal History Check for a covered... National Service Criminal History Check, unless precluded from doing so by State or Federal law...

  13. 45 CFR 2551.27 - What two search components of the National Service Criminal History Check must I satisfy to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Criminal History Check must I satisfy to determine an individual's suitability to serve in a covered... Sponsor § 2551.27 What two search components of the National Service Criminal History Check must I satisfy... prohibited by State law, that you conduct and document a National Service Criminal History Check,...

  14. 45 CFR 2540.206 - What documentation must I maintain regarding a National Service Criminal History Check for a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... National Service Criminal History Check for a covered position? 2540.206 Section 2540.206 Public Welfare... What documentation must I maintain regarding a National Service Criminal History Check for a covered... National Service Criminal History Check, unless precluded from doing so by State or Federal law...

  15. 45 CFR 2540.205 - What documentation must I maintain regarding a National Service Criminal History Check for a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... National Service Criminal History Check for a covered position? 2540.205 Section 2540.205 Public Welfare... What documentation must I maintain regarding a National Service Criminal History Check for a covered... Criminal History check (unless precluded by State law) and document in writing that you considered...

  16. 45 CFR 2540.205 - What procedures must I follow in conducting a National Service Criminal History Check for a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... National Service Criminal History Check for a covered position? 2540.205 Section 2540.205 Public Welfare... What procedures must I follow in conducting a National Service Criminal History Check for a covered... criminal history check, and for the appropriate sharing of the results of the checks within the...

  17. 45 CFR 2551.27 - What two search components of the National Service Criminal History Check must I satisfy to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Criminal History Check must I satisfy to determine an individual's suitability to serve in a covered... Sponsor § 2551.27 What two search components of the National Service Criminal History Check must I satisfy... prohibited by State law, that you conduct and document a National Service Criminal History Check,...

  18. 45 CFR 2552.29 - What procedures must I follow in conducting a National Service Criminal History Check?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... National Service Criminal History Check? 2552.29 Section 2552.29 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to... Service Criminal History Check? You are responsible for ensuring that the following procedures are... program is contingent upon the organization's review of the individual's criminal history, if any;...

  19. 45 CFR 2540.204 - What procedures must I follow in conducting a National Service Criminal History Check for a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... National Service Criminal History Check for a covered position? 2540.204 Section 2540.204 Public Welfare... What procedures must I follow in conducting a National Service Criminal History Check for a covered...'s review of the individual's criminal history, if any; (d) Provide a reasonable opportunity for...

  20. 45 CFR 2552.29 - What procedures must I follow in conducting a National Service Criminal History Check?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... National Service Criminal History Check? 2552.29 Section 2552.29 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to... Service Criminal History Check? You are responsible for ensuring that the following procedures are... program is contingent upon the organization's review of the individual's criminal history, if any;...

  1. 45 CFR 2552.30 - What documentation must I maintain regarding a National Service Criminal History Check?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... National Service Criminal History Check? 2552.30 Section 2552.30 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to... National Service Criminal History Check? You must: (a) Document in writing that you verified the identity... results of the National Service Criminal History check (unless precluded by State law) and document...

  2. 45 CFR 2552.29 - What procedures must I follow in conducting a National Service Criminal History Check?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... National Service Criminal History Check? 2552.29 Section 2552.29 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to... Service Criminal History Check? You are responsible for ensuring that the following procedures are... program is contingent upon the organization's review of the individual's criminal history, if any;...

  3. 45 CFR 2540.202 - What two search components of the National Service Criminal History Check must I satisfy to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Criminal History Check must I satisfy to determine an individual's suitability to serve in a covered... Service Criminal History Check must I satisfy to determine an individual's suitability to serve in a... National Service Criminal History Check, which consists of the following two search components: (a)...

  4. 45 CFR 2540.205 - What documentation must I maintain regarding a National Service Criminal History Check for a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... National Service Criminal History Check for a covered position? 2540.205 Section 2540.205 Public Welfare... What documentation must I maintain regarding a National Service Criminal History Check for a covered... Criminal History check (unless precluded by State law) and document in writing that you considered...

  5. 45 CFR 2551.30 - What documentation must I maintain regarding a National Service Criminal History Check?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... National Service Criminal History Check? 2551.30 Section 2551.30 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to... National Service Criminal History Check? You must: (a) Document in writing that you verified the identity... results of the National Service Criminal History check (unless precluded by State law) and document...

  6. 45 CFR 2551.30 - What documentation must I maintain regarding a National Service Criminal History Check?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... National Service Criminal History Check? 2551.30 Section 2551.30 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to... National Service Criminal History Check? You must: (a) Document in writing that you verified the identity... results of the National Service Criminal History check (unless precluded by State law) and document...

  7. 45 CFR 2552.30 - What documentation must I maintain regarding a National Service Criminal History Check?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... National Service Criminal History Check? 2552.30 Section 2552.30 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to... National Service Criminal History Check? You must: (a) Document in writing that you verified the identity... results of the National Service Criminal History check (unless precluded by State law) and document...

  8. 45 CFR 2540.204 - What procedures must I follow in conducting a National Service Criminal History Check for a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... National Service Criminal History Check for a covered position? 2540.204 Section 2540.204 Public Welfare... What procedures must I follow in conducting a National Service Criminal History Check for a covered...'s review of the individual's criminal history, if any; (d) Provide a reasonable opportunity for...

  9. 45 CFR 2552.27 - What two search components of the National Service Criminal History Check must I satisfy to...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Criminal History Check must I satisfy to determine an individual's suitability to serve in a covered... a Sponsor § 2552.27 What two search components of the National Service Criminal History Check must I... conduct and document a National Service Criminal History Check, which consists of the following two...

  10. 45 CFR 2551.30 - What documentation must I maintain regarding a National Service Criminal History Check?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... National Service Criminal History Check? 2551.30 Section 2551.30 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to... National Service Criminal History Check? You must: (a) Document in writing that you verified the identity... results of the National Service Criminal History check (unless precluded by State law) and document...

  11. 45 CFR 2551.29 - What procedures must I follow in conducting a National Service Criminal History Check?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... National Service Criminal History Check? 2551.29 Section 2551.29 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to... Service Criminal History Check? You are responsible for ensuring that the following procedures are... program is contingent upon the organization's review of the individual's criminal history, if any;...

  12. 45 CFR 2540.205 - What documentation must I maintain regarding a National Service Criminal History Check for a...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... National Service Criminal History Check for a covered position? 2540.205 Section 2540.205 Public Welfare... What documentation must I maintain regarding a National Service Criminal History Check for a covered... Criminal History check (unless precluded by State law) and document in writing that you considered...

  13. 45 CFR 2552.30 - What documentation must I maintain regarding a National Service Criminal History Check?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... National Service Criminal History Check? 2552.30 Section 2552.30 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to... National Service Criminal History Check? You must: (a) Document in writing that you verified the identity... results of the National Service Criminal History check (unless precluded by State law) and document...

  14. Evaluation of a seven state criminal history screening pilot program for long-term care workers.

    PubMed

    Radcliff, Tiffany A; White, Alan; West, David R; Hurd, Donna; Côté, Murray J

    2013-01-01

    This article summarizes results from an evaluation of a federally sponsored criminal history screening (CHS) pilot program to improve screening for workers in long-term care settings. The evaluation addressed eight key issues specified through enabling legislation, including efficiency, costs, and outcomes of screening procedures. Of the 204,339 completed screenings, 3.7% were disqualified due to criminal history, and 18.8% were withdrawn prior to completion for reasons that may include relevant criminal history. Lessons learned from the pilot program experiences may inform a new national background check demonstration program.

  15. Privacy and Security of Criminal History Information. An Analysis of Privacy Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trubow, George B.

    Policies and issues associated with the privacy and security of criminal history information are presented. The first chapter discusses general concepts regarding privacy and security of criminal justice information, including definitions of basic terms, considerations of interests requiring attention when developing policy, relevance of fair…

  16. 32 CFR Appendix B to Part 86 - Criteria For Criminal History Background Check Disqualification

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Disqualification B Appendix B to Part 86 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE.... 86, App. B Appendix B to Part 86—Criteria For Criminal History Background Check Disqualification The... felony, a violent crime, or a criminal offense involving a child or children. B. Discretionary Criteria...

  17. 32 CFR Appendix B to Part 86 - Criteria For Criminal History Background Check Disqualification

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Disqualification B Appendix B to Part 86 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE.... 86, App. B Appendix B to Part 86—Criteria For Criminal History Background Check Disqualification The... felony, a violent crime, or a criminal offense involving a child or children. B. Discretionary Criteria...

  18. The Use of Criminal History Information in College Admissions Decisions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pierce, Matthew W.; Runyan, Carol W.; Bangdiwala, Shrikant I.

    2014-01-01

    To understand the potential public health and social justice implications of criminal background screening on college admissions, we examined postsecondary institutions' reasons for collecting or not collecting applicants' criminal justice information. We invited heads of admissions from 300 randomly sampled postsecondary institutions to complete…

  19. Disease progression and characteristics of HIV-infected women with and without a history of criminal justice involvement.

    PubMed

    Youmans, Eren; Burch, James; Moran, Robert; Smith, Lillian; Duffus, Wayne A

    2013-10-01

    Early HIV diagnosis followed by prompt linkage to and consistent retention in HIV-related care is important to decrease morbidity and mortality. Progression to AIDS is of particular interest in HIV-positive women with a history of criminal justice-involvement due to their lack of access to care in the community and poor retention in HIV primary care. In this retrospective cohort study, we characterize the risk of developing AIDS among HIV-infected women with and without a history of criminal justice-involvement. Mean time to AIDS diagnosis was longer [123 ± 3.26 months] for women with no criminal justice-involvement when compared to women who were arrested or who went to prison. Women who were arrested (HR: 1.92, 95% CI: 1.43, 2.58) and women who went to prison (HR: 2.27, 95% CI: 1.52, 3.39) had an increased risk of developing AIDS when compared to women without criminal justice-involvement.

  20. Grievance and Redress: Chicano Access to the Criminal Justice System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Geilhufe, Nancy L.

    Focusing on the processes involved in making formal bureaucracies responsive, the study examined: the structure of formal grievance and redress procedures within the criminal justice system in San Jose, California; and the informal strategies used by politically active members of the Chicano community to extend and strengthen these channels. The…

  1. 45 CFR 2522.205 - To whom must I apply the National Service Criminal History Check eligibility criteria?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... History Check eligibility criteria? 2522.205 Section 2522.205 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to... apply the National Service Criminal History Check eligibility criteria? You must apply the National Service Criminal History Check eligibility criteria to individuals serving in covered positions. A...

  2. 45 CFR 2522.205 - To whom must I apply the National Service Criminal History Check eligibility criteria?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... History Check eligibility criteria? 2522.205 Section 2522.205 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to... apply the National Service Criminal History Check eligibility criteria? You must apply the National Service Criminal History Check eligibility criteria to individuals serving in covered positions. A...

  3. 45 CFR 2540.201 - To whom must I apply the National Service Criminal History Check eligibility criteria?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... History Check eligibility criteria? 2540.201 Section 2540.201 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to... must I apply the National Service Criminal History Check eligibility criteria? You must apply the National Service Criminal History Check eligibility criteria to individuals serving in covered positions....

  4. 45 CFR 2540.201 - To whom must I apply the National Service Criminal History Check eligibility criteria?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... History Check eligibility criteria? 2540.201 Section 2540.201 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to... must I apply the National Service Criminal History Check eligibility criteria? You must apply the National Service Criminal History Check eligibility criteria to individuals serving in covered positions....

  5. The association between criminal history and mental health service use among people with serious mental illness.

    PubMed

    Matejkowski, Jason; Lee, Sungkyu; Han, Woojae

    2014-03-01

    This study examined the extent to which a criminal history is associated with the use of various mental health services as well as related service use predictors among people with serious mental illness (SMI). Data were obtained from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. The sample consisted of 1,588 adults with SMI, including major depressive disorder (n = 1,398) and bipolar disorder (n = 190). Chi square tests were conducted to compare respondent characteristics based upon the presence/absence of a criminal history. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine various mental health services usage among respondents while controlling for predisposing, enabling, and need factors. Approximately 30 % of respondents reported a criminal history. Those with a criminal history were more likely to use specialty mental health services (OR = 1.42, p < 0.05). Findings suggest that the criminal justice system may be serving as a substantial referrer to mental health services or that there is higher morbidity among people with SMI who have been justice involved.

  6. Relationship Between Psychiatric Distress and Criminal History Among Intravenous Drug Abusers in Iran

    PubMed Central

    Sahebi, Leyla; Asghari Jafar Abadi, Mohammad; Mousavi, Seyed Hosein; Khalili, Majid; Seyedi, Maryam

    2015-01-01

    Background: Sychotropic agents (alcohol, drugs, and illicit substances) have an important effect on the occurrence or exacerbation of psychological and behavioral derangements such as criminal activity and mental abnormalities. Objectives: The objective was to assess the relationship between psychiatric distress and criminal history among abusers of intravenous drugs, including heroin, benzodiazepine, codeine, cannabis, opium, and ecstasy. Materials and Methods: Criminal activity history and psychiatric distress were evaluated among intravenous drug abusers in drop-in centers (DIC) (141 subjects) and an outpatient service to delivery methadone to the addicts located in Razy Hospital (Baghdad, Iraq) (120 subjects). Logistic regression analyses using the SPSS for Windows 18.0 were used for analyzing the data. Results: About 86% of the intravenous drug abusers had psychiatric distress and 48.2% had criminal activity history. DIC addicts group had a better mental well-being compared to the other group, but criminal history rate was similar in two groups. In multiple logistic regression, addiction to heroin (odds ratio [OR] = 1.9, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.1 - 4.1), mental disorders (β = 0.060, P = 0.026), and low level of education was highly related with criminal activity (OR = 0.17, 95% CI: 0.03 - 0.89). Conclusions: Higher scores in mental well-being questionnaire of DIC addicts suggest the positive effects of psychological interventions. There is a possibility of the involvement of heroin in occurrence of mental disorders and criminal activity. This finding needs further investigations by larger cohort studies. PMID:26288645

  7. The criminal histories and later offending of child pornography offenders.

    PubMed

    Seto, Michael C; Eke, Angela W

    2005-04-01

    The likelihood that child pornography offenders will later commit a contact sexual offense is unknown. In the present study, we identified a sample of 201 adult male child pornography offenders using police databases and examined their charges or convictions after the index child pornography offense(s). We also examined their criminal records to identify potential predictors of later offenses: 56% of the sample had a prior criminal record, 24% had prior contact sexual offenses, and 15% had prior child pornography offenses. One-third were concurrently charged with other crimes at the time they were charged for child pornography offenses. The average time at risk was 2.5 years; 17% of the sample offended again in some way during this time, and 4% committed a new contact sexual offense. Child pornography offenders with prior criminal records were significantly more likely to offend again in any way during the follow-up period. Child pornography offenders who had committed a prior or concurrent contact sexual offense were the most likely to offend again, either generally or sexually.

  8. Restricting Access to ART on the Basis of Criminal Record : An Ethical Analysis of a State-Enforced "Presumption Against Treatment" With Regard to Assisted Reproductive Technologies.

    PubMed

    Thompson, Kara; McDougall, Rosalind

    2015-09-01

    As assisted reproductive technologies (ART) become increasingly popular, debate has intensified over the ethical justification for restricting access to ART based on various medical and non-medical factors. In 2010, the Australian state of Victoria enacted world-first legislation that denies access to ART for all patients with certain criminal or child protection histories. Patients and their partners are identified via a compulsory police and child protection check prior to commencing ART and, if found to have a previous relevant conviction or child protection order, are given a "presumption against treatment." This article reviews the legislation and identifies arguments that may be used to justify restricting access to ART for various reasons. The arguments reviewed include limitations of reproductive rights, inheriting undesirable genetic traits, distributive justice, and the welfare of the future child. We show that none of these arguments justifies restricting access to ART in the context of past criminal history. We show that a "presumption against treatment" is an unjustified infringement on reproductive freedom and that it creates various inconsistencies in current social, medical, and legal policy. We argue that a state-enforced policy of restricting access to ART based on the non-medical factor of past criminal history is an example of unjust discrimination and cannot be ethically justified, with one important exception: in cases where ART treatment may be considered futile on the basis that the parents are not expected to raise the resulting child.

  9. History of peritoneal access development.

    PubMed

    Twardowski, Zbylut J

    2006-01-01

    The first peritoneal accesses were devices that had been used in other fields (general surgery, urology, or gynecology): trocars, rubber catheters, and sump drains. In the period after World War II, numerous papers were published with various modifications of peritoneal dialysis. The majority of cases were treated with the continuous flow technique; rubber catheters for inflow and sump drains for outflow were commonly used. At the end of the 1940s, intermittent peritoneal dialysis started to be more frequently used. Severe complications of peritoneal accesses created incentive to design accesses specifically for peritoneal dialysis. The initial three, in the late 1940s, were modified sump drains; however, Ferris and Odel for the first time designed a soft, polyvinyl intraperitoneal tube with metal weights to keep the catheter tip in the pelvic gutter where the conditions for drain are the best. In the 1950s, intermittent peritoneal dialysis was established as the preferred technique; polyethylene and nylon catheters became commercially available and peritoneal dialysis was established as a valuable method for treatment of acute renal failure. The major breakthrough came in the 1960s. First of all, it was discovered that the silicone rubber was less irritating to the peritoneal membrane than other plastics. Then, it was found that polyester velour allowed an excellent tissue ingrowth creating a firm bond with the tissue. When a polyester cuff was glued to the catheter, it restricted catheter movement and created a closed tunnel between the integument and the peritoneal cavity. In 1968, Tenckhoff and Schechter combined these two features and designed a silicone rubber catheter with a polyester cuff for treatment of acute renal failure and two cuffs for treatment of chronic renal failure. This was the most important development in peritoneal access. Technological evolution never ends. Multiple attempts have been made to eliminate remaining complications of the

  10. Adult Individual Criminal Records and the News Media: Inherent Problems for Access and Privacy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Jay B.

    Public access to criminal records, facilitated by the use of computerized information storage and retrieval systems, sometimes appears to infringe on individual rights of privacy. Examples may be cited to show that the records compiled on individuals do not always present an accurate picture, due to factual inaccuracies, incomplete information, or…

  11. Criminal History Background Checks on Individuals in Child Care Services

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-01-19

    subsection (aX1). by striking out Ś manths after the date of enactaent of this chater , and no additional staW and insertirig in lieu thenf "May 29, 1991...those-equivalent in’scope to checks conducted on- U.S. citizens: a. Host-government law enforcement and security agency -hecks at the city , State...for form Criminal Records Division Name Check State Highway Patrol Department of Public S3fety COMM: 314-751-3313 P.O. Box 568 Jefferson City , MO

  12. 10 CFR 73.61 - Relief from fingerprinting and criminal history records check for designated categories of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Relief from fingerprinting and criminal history records... materials or other property. 73.61 Section 73.61 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) PHYSICAL... fingerprinting and criminal history records check for designated categories of individuals permitted...

  13. 10 CFR 73.61 - Relief from fingerprinting and criminal history records check for designated categories of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Relief from fingerprinting and criminal history records... materials or other property. 73.61 Section 73.61 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) PHYSICAL... fingerprinting and criminal history records check for designated categories of individuals permitted...

  14. 10 CFR 73.61 - Relief from fingerprinting and criminal history records check for designated categories of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Relief from fingerprinting and criminal history records... materials or other property. 73.61 Section 73.61 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) PHYSICAL... fingerprinting and criminal history records check for designated categories of individuals permitted...

  15. 10 CFR 73.61 - Relief from fingerprinting and criminal history records check for designated categories of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Relief from fingerprinting and criminal history records... materials or other property. 73.61 Section 73.61 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) PHYSICAL... fingerprinting and criminal history records check for designated categories of individuals permitted...

  16. 10 CFR 73.61 - Relief from fingerprinting and criminal history records check for designated categories of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Relief from fingerprinting and criminal history records... materials or other property. 73.61 Section 73.61 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) PHYSICAL... fingerprinting and criminal history records check for designated categories of individuals permitted...

  17. The Risk Factors for Criminal Behaviour in High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorders (HFASDs): A Comparison of Childhood Adversities between Individuals with HFASDs Who Exhibit Criminal Behaviour and Those with HFASD and No Criminal Histories

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kawakami, Chihiro; Ohnishi, Masafumi; Sugiyama, Toshiro; Someki, Fumio; Nakamura, Kazuhiko; Tsujii, Masatsugu

    2012-01-01

    Most reports of the criminal behaviour of individuals with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HFASD) have been case studies, and few have empirically examined the risk factors of criminal behaviour among these individuals. This study examined 175 individuals with HFASD, including 36 individuals who had a prior history of criminal…

  18. Teaching "The Reckoning": Understanding the International Criminal Court. A Facing History and Ourselves Study Guide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kanner, Elisabeth Fieldstone

    2010-01-01

    Facing History and Ourselves has developed "Teaching The Reckoning" to help classrooms explore essential questions about judgment by studying the creation of the International Criminal Court. Ever since the Nuremberg Trials, individuals around the world have imagined how an international judicial body could be used to prevent genocide,…

  19. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 86 - Criminal History Background Check Procedures

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... include, but are not limited to: 1. Child Development Programs. a. Child development centers, part-day..., MILITARY AND CIVILIAN CRIMINAL HISTORY BACKGROUND CHECKS ON INDIVIDUALS IN CHILD CARE SERVICES Pt. 86, App... required for all civilian providers involved in child care services who have regular contact with...

  20. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 86 - Criminal History Background Check Procedures

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... include, but are not limited to: 1. Child Development Programs. a. Child development centers, part-day..., MILITARY AND CIVILIAN CRIMINAL HISTORY BACKGROUND CHECKS ON INDIVIDUALS IN CHILD CARE SERVICES Pt. 86, App... required for all civilian providers involved in child care services who have regular contact with...

  1. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 86 - Criminal History Background Check Procedures

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... include, but are not limited to: 1. Child Development Programs. a. Child development centers, part-day..., MILITARY AND CIVILIAN CRIMINAL HISTORY BACKGROUND CHECKS ON INDIVIDUALS IN CHILD CARE SERVICES Pt. 86, App... required for all civilian providers involved in child care services who have regular contact with...

  2. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 86 - Criminal History Background Check Procedures

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... include, but are not limited to: 1. Child Development Programs. a. Child development centers, part-day..., MILITARY AND CIVILIAN CRIMINAL HISTORY BACKGROUND CHECKS ON INDIVIDUALS IN CHILD CARE SERVICES Pt. 86, App... required for all civilian providers involved in child care services who have regular contact with...

  3. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 86 - Criminal History Background Check Procedures

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... include, but are not limited to: 1. Child Development Programs. a. Child development centers, part-day..., MILITARY AND CIVILIAN CRIMINAL HISTORY BACKGROUND CHECKS ON INDIVIDUALS IN CHILD CARE SERVICES Pt. 86, App... required for all civilian providers involved in child care services who have regular contact with...

  4. 32 CFR 635.25 - Submission of criminal history data to the CJIS.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Submission of criminal history data to the CJIS... proceedings for— (1) Field Grade Article 15, Uniform Code of Military Justice. Initiation refers to a... of Emergency Services will complete the DA Form 4833. (4) Fingerprint cards. Provost Marshal...

  5. 49 CFR 1544.230 - Fingerprint-based criminal history records checks (CHRC): Flightcrew members.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fingerprint-based criminal history records checks (CHRC): Flightcrew members. 1544.230 Section 1544.230 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRCRAFT OPERATOR...

  6. Competitive Employment Outcomes among Racial and Ethnic Groups with Criminal Histories & Mental Impairment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gines, Jason Elliott

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated vocational rehabilitation (VR) outcomes among people with criminal histories with mental impairments who were served in a state-federal VR agency during fiscal year 2010 as extracted from the Rehabilitation Services Administration (RSA) 911 national database. Using hierarchical logistic analysis, this study examined…

  7. Improving risk assessment in schizophrenia: epidemiological investigation of criminal history factors

    PubMed Central

    Witt, Katrina; Lichtenstein, Paul; Fazel, Seena

    2015-01-01

    Background Violence risk assessment in schizophrenia relies heavily on criminal history factors. Aims To investigate which criminal history factors are most strongly associated with violent crime in schizophrenia. Method A total of 13 806 individuals (8891 men and 4915 women) with two or more hospital admissions for schizophrenia were followed up for violent convictions. Multivariate hazard ratios for 15 criminal history factors included in different risk assessment tools were calculated. The incremental predictive validity of these factors was estimated using tests of discrimination, calibration and reclassification. Results Over a mean follow-up of 12.0 years, 17.3% of men (n = 1535) and 5.7% of women (n = 281) were convicted of a violent offence. Criminal history factors most strongly associated with subsequent violence for both men and women were a previous conviction for a violent offence; for assault, illegal threats and/or intimidation; and imprisonment. However, only a previous conviction for a violent offence was associated with incremental predictive validity in both genders following adjustment for young age and comorbid substance use disorder. Conclusions Clinical and actuarial approaches to assess violence risk can be improved if included risk factors are tested using multiple measures of performance. PMID:25657352

  8. Drug use and criminal activity among rural probationers with DUI histories.

    PubMed

    Webster, J Matthew; Oser, Carrie B; Mateyoke-Scrivner, Allison; Cline, Virginia Depp; Havens, Jennifer R; Leukefeld, Carl G

    2009-12-01

    The present study examined whether ever being arrested for driving under the influence (DUI) was associated with higher levels of substance use and criminal activity in a sample of 800 probationers. Lifetime and 30-day histories of substance use and criminal activity were compared across three groups of probationers from rural Kentucky: those with a single DUI arrest, those with two or more DUI arrests, and those with no DUI arrests. A larger percentage of probationers with a DUI arrest reported lifetime and 30-day substance use than non-DUI offenders in almost all drug and alcohol categories. Higher prevalence of criminal activity was limited primarily to the multiple DUI arrest group. Findings add to the literature on rural substance abusers and indicate that DUI may be used as a marker to help identify opportunities for targeted substance abuse interventions.

  9. The relationship between substance abuse treatment completion, sociodemographics, substance use characteristics, and criminal history.

    PubMed

    Turan, Reyhan; Yargic, Ilhan

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine if a significant relationship exists between the sociodemographics, substance use characteristics, criminal history, and completion of substance abuse treatment. In this study, 115 individuals being monitored for substance abuse treatment on probation at the Probation and Help Center under the Republic of Turkey's Ministry of Justice's Chief Public Prosecutor's Office of Istanbul were included successively between the dates of April 2008 and April 2009. During a 24-week follow-up, individuals whose urine analyses were clean 6 times consecutively were considered to have completed the treatment successfully. To determine the effect of sociodemographic factors and substance use characteristics on treatment completion, a semistructured sociodemographic data survey was used. Also, the participants' criminal records were examined. A total of 115 people participated in the study. One hundred ten (95.7%) of them were male. Sixty-eight (59.1%) of the participants had completed treatment. Age group, education level, age of onset for substance use, number of substances used, employment status, and criminal records showed a significant difference between treatment completers and noncompleters. When a logistic regression analysis was done, only number of substances used and criminal record (other than drug possession) were significantly different for the 2 groups. The current treatment program for polysubstance users and individuals with a criminal record is insufficient. It is necessary that treatment systems be developed so they can be beneficial for these types of patients.

  10. Women criminality--the influence of socio-familial history and status.

    PubMed

    Luta, Veronica; Pasca, Viorel; Enache, Alexandra; Ciopec, Flavius; Ursachi, Georgeta; Radu, Daniel; Stratul, Stefan; Zarie, Gabriela; Mutiu, Florentina

    2009-04-01

    Our interdisciplinary study aims at the influence of social and familial history and status in a sample of Romanian female offenders. We collected data regarding the social and familial environment and status in the moment of committing a crime from 235 women incarcerated in four Romanian prisons. We applied a 67 item questionnaire conceived by the members of the research group. The items we compared refer to: the type of offence, the offender's marital status and the number of children in the moment of committing the crime, the situation in the family of origin and the offender's evaluation of the relationship with the parents and brothers, the monthly income, the type of relationship with the partner as described by the offender, history of substance abuse and violence in the family of origin and in the own family. We also analyzed the answers regarding the motivation for the criminal act. The paper shows the distribution of various types of criminal offences in correlation with the level of education, the relevance of a stable familial environment and monthly income. The history of criminality, substance abuse and interpersonal violence in the families of origin is also taken into account.

  11. Intimate partner violence perpetrators in a forensic psychiatric outpatient setting: criminal history, psychopathology, and victimization.

    PubMed

    Henrichs, Jens; Bogaerts, Stefan; Sijtsema, Jelle; Klerx-van Mierlo, Fanny

    2015-07-01

    This study investigated criminological, psychopathological, and victimological profiles of intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetrators in a sample of 119 Dutch female and male forensic psychiatric outpatients aged 18 to 58 years. In addition, differences in criminological, psychopathological, and victimological factors between IPV perpetrators (n = 61, 51.3%) and non-intimate violence (NIV) perpetrators (n = 58, 48.7%) were examined. All data, including information on demographics, criminal history, history of psychological, sexual, and physical victimization during childhood or adolescence, family history of psychopathology, history of psychopathology in childhood and adolescence, and mental disorders, were derived from archival electronic medical records. Mental disorders were measured using structured psychiatric interviews and final consensus diagnoses were established during weekly case consultations. Both IPV and NIV perpetrators displayed high rates of criminal history, psychopathology, and previous victimization, but the two groups did not differ in these factors with two exceptions. IPV perpetrators were significantly more likely to have higher rates of previous physical victimization and intermittent explosive disorder than NIV perpetrators. The current study suggests that a history of physical victimization and intermittent explosive disorder are specific characteristics of IPV perpetrators in a forensic psychiatric outpatient setting. Future research should focus on mechanisms explaining the association of childhood victimization and IPV and increase our understanding of the role of intermittent explosive disorder in IPV.

  12. Sexual stigma, criminalization, investment, and access to HIV services among men who have sex with men worldwide.

    PubMed

    Arreola, Sonya; Santos, Glenn-Milo; Beck, Jack; Sundararaj, Mohan; Wilson, Patrick A; Hebert, Pato; Makofane, Keletso; Do, Tri D; Ayala, George

    2015-02-01

    Globally, HIV disproportionately affects men who have sex with men (MSM). This study explored associations between access to HIV services and (1) individual-level perceived sexual stigma; (2) country-level criminalization of homosexuality; and (3) country-level investment in HIV services for MSM. 3,340 MSM completed an online survey assessing access to HIV services. MSM from over 115 countries were categorized according to criminalization of homosexuality policy and investment in HIV services targeting MSM. Lower access to condoms, lubricants, and HIV testing were each associated with greater perceived sexual stigma, existence of homosexuality criminalization policies, and less investment in HIV services. Lower access to HIV treatment was associated with greater perceived sexual stigma and criminalization. Criminalization of homosexuality and low investment in HIV services were both associated with greater perceived sexual stigma. Efforts to prevent and treat HIV among MSM should be coupled with structural interventions to reduce stigma, overturn homosexuality criminalization policies, and increase investment in MSM-specific HIV services.

  13. 45 CFR 2540.204 - When must I conduct a National Service Criminal History Check on an individual in a covered...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... History Check on an individual in a covered position? 2540.204 Section 2540.204 Public Welfare Regulations... When must I conduct a National Service Criminal History Check on an individual in a covered position? (a) Timing of the National Service Criminal History Check Components. (1) You must conduct and...

  14. Reactions to mandatory sentences in relation to the ethnic identity and criminal history of the offender.

    PubMed

    Feather, N T; Souter, Jacqueline

    2002-08-01

    This study investigated the responses of 181 participants (87 men, 94 women), from Adelaide, South Australia, to scenarios describing mandatory sentences for perpetrators of a property offense committed in the Northern Territory, Australia. Four scenarios that were randomly distributed varied ethnic identity (White Australian, Aboriginal Australian) and criminal history (first-time offender, third-time offender). Participants completed attitude measures for both mandatory sentencing and capital punishment, a right-wing authoritarianism scale, and a scale concerned with sentencing goals (retribution, deterrence, protection of society, and rehabilitation). Results showed strong effects of attitude toward mandatory sentencing on scenario responses for variables such as perceived responsibility, deservingness, leniency, seriousness, anger and pleasure, and weaker effects of ethnic identity and criminal history. Participants were generally more sympathetic when the offender was an Aboriginal Australian. Results of a multiple regression analysis showed that attitude toward mandatory sentence was predicted by right-wing authoritarianism and by sentencing goals relating to deterrence and the protection of society.

  15. Examining the criminal history and future offending of child pornography offenders: an extended prospective follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Eke, Angela W; Seto, Michael C; Williams, Jennette

    2011-12-01

    We examined police occurrence and criminal records data for a sample of 201 registered male child pornography offenders originally reported by Seto and Eke (Sex Abus J Res Treat 17:201-210, 2005), extending the average follow-up time for this sample to 5.9 years. In addition, we obtained the same data for another 340 offenders, increasing our full sample to 541 men, with a total average follow-up of 4.1 years. In the extended follow-up of the original sample, 34% of offenders had new charges for any type of reoffense, with 6% charged with a contact sexual offense against a child and an additional 3% charged with historical contact sex offenses (i.e., previously undetected offenses). For the full sample, there was a 32% any recidivism rate; 4% of offenders were charged with new contact sex offences, an additional 2% of offenders were charged with historical contact sex offenses and 7% of offenders were charged with a new child pornography offense. Predictors of new violent (including sexual contact) offending were prior offense history, including violent history, and younger offender age. Approximately a quarter of the sample was sanctioned for a failure on conditional release; in half of these failures, the offenders were in contact with children or used the internet, often to access pornography again.

  16. Criminal history and future offending of juveniles convicted of the possession of child pornography.

    PubMed

    Aebi, Marcel; Plattner, Belinda; Ernest, Melanie; Kaszynski, Katie; Bessler, Cornelia

    2014-08-01

    Most child pornography is distributed online. It is estimated that 3% to 15% of child pornography consumers are juveniles. The present study analyzed a consecutive sample of 54 male juveniles convicted of the possession of child pornography. Demographic characteristics, criminal history, and subsequent offending were assessed from criminal files and official reports. Juvenile possessors of child pornography were compared to three different groups of juveniles: Juvenile possessors of other illegal pornography (n = 42), juveniles who committed a sexual contact offense against a child (n = 64), and juveniles who committed a sexual contact offense against a peer or adult (n = 104). Juvenile possessors of child pornography were found to have downloaded the illegal material more frequently and over a longer time period than juvenile possessors of other illegal pornography. Furthermore, juvenile possessors of child pornography differed from juveniles who had committed a sexual contact offense in terms of demographics and showed fewer previous and subsequent offending than juveniles who sexually offended against a peer or adult. We conclude that juvenile possessors of child pornography need a specific target intervention focusing on dysfunctional Internet use and sexually deviant arousal.

  17. Metacognition and general functioning in patients with schizophrenia and a history of criminal behavior.

    PubMed

    Bo, Sune; Kongerslev, Mickey; Dimaggio, Giancarlo; Lysaker, Paul H; Abu-Akel, Ahmad

    2015-02-28

    Metacognitive difficulties have been linked to social dysfunction in schizophrenia. However, research examining the role of metacognition in the social functioning of patients with a history of violence and criminality is very limited. This research is especially important for this group given their relatively poor prognosis and their risk to reoffend, as well as the promising benefits of integrating metacognitive approaches in psychosocial treatments. In this study, the association between metacognition and global social functioning was examined in 79 patients with schizophrenia with a criminal background. We also examined the association of positive, negative and disorganized symptoms with social functioning and the extent to which metacognition mediates this association. The results indicate that poor social functioning is associated with metacognitive difficulties and higher levels of delusions and Conceptual Disorganization. In addition, meditation analyses showed that metacognition accounted for about 11% of the total effect size of the association between delusions and social dysfunction, suggesting that the relationship between delusions and social dysfunction is partially driven by impaired metacognition. These findings underscore the importance of interventions designed to enhance the patients׳ metacognitive capacities, that is, the more proximal capacities linked to poorer social functioning.

  18. 28 CFR 16.91 - Exemption of Criminal Division Systems-limited access, as indicated.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... provision is necessary in order to protect the confidentiality of the sources of criminal and other law... this provision is necessary in order to protect the confidentiality of the sources of criminal law... confidentiality of the sources of criminal and other law enforcement information. Such exemption is...

  19. 28 CFR 16.91 - Exemption of Criminal Division Systems-limited access, as indicated.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... provision is necessary in order to protect the confidentiality of the sources of criminal and other law... this provision is necessary in order to protect the confidentiality of the sources of criminal law... confidentiality of the sources of criminal and other law enforcement information. Such exemption is...

  20. 10 CFR 73.59 - Relief from fingerprinting, identification and criminal history records checks and other elements...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Relief from fingerprinting, identification and criminal history records checks and other elements of background checks for designated categories of individuals. 73.59 Section 73.59 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF...

  1. 10 CFR 73.59 - Relief from fingerprinting, identification and criminal history records checks and other elements...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Relief from fingerprinting, identification and criminal history records checks and other elements of background checks for designated categories of individuals. 73.59 Section 73.59 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF...

  2. Criminal History and Assaults on Intimate Partners by Mexican American and Non-Mexican White College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramirez, Ignacio Luis

    2005-01-01

    This study analyzed a sample of 348 college students to examine the role that criminal history and Mexican ethnicity play in predicting intimate partner violence. Respondents who committed crimes in the past (before the age of 15) had a higher probability of severely physically assaulting a partner than those respondents who had committed crime…

  3. Criminal history and assault of dating partners: the role of type of prior crime, age of onset, and gender.

    PubMed

    Straus, Murray A; Ramirez, I Luis

    2004-08-01

    Some studies of assaults on intimate partners have found that most of the perpetrators are not violent outside the family, which suggests a specialized type of crime. However, other studies found domestic violence offenders tend to have extensive criminal histories. To further investigate the extent to which partner assaults are part of a more general pattern of criminal behavior or a specialized type of crime, we studied the dating relationships of 653 university students. Thirty-one percent reported assaulting a partner in the previous 12 months. The rate of assault on partners by females did not differ significantly for males (29%) and females (32%). We also found high rates of other self-reported crime, and much higher rates by males. For example, over one half of the male students and almost one third of the female students reported having stolen money. The male students reported an average of 3.4 crimes committed, and the female students an average of 1.4 crimes. These high crime rates and gender differences are consistent with many previous studies. Logistic regression analysis revealed that a history of prior criminal acts is associated with an increased probability of assaulting a partner. The relationship was greater when there was prior violent crime compared to property crime, when there was early onset of criminal behavior, and when the offender was female. The implications of the findings for understanding partner assaults, criminal careers, and gender differences in the etiology of violence against intimate partners are discussed.

  4. Empowerment and Social Support: Implications for Practice and Programming Among Minority Women with Substance Abuse and Criminal Justice Histories.

    PubMed

    Barringer, Alexandra; Hunter, Bronwyn A; Salina, Doreen D; Jason, Leonard A

    2017-01-01

    Programs for women with substance abuse and criminal justice histories often incorporate empowerment and social support into service delivery systems. Women's empowerment research has focused on the relationship between women's personal identities and the larger sociopolitical context, with an emphasis on how community-based resources are critical for promoting well-being. Social support often protects against negative outcomes for individuals who live with chronic stress. However, few studies have evaluated community resource knowledge and empowerment among marginalized women or how social support might strengthen or weaken this relationship. This study investigated resource knowledge, social support, and empowerment among 200 minority women in substance abuse recovery who had recent criminal justice involvement. Results indicated that resource knowledge was related to empowerment and belonging social support marginally moderated this relationship. In addition, education level increased and current involvement in the criminal justice system decreased empowerment. Implications for research, practice, and policy are discussed.

  5. 28 CFR 16.91 - Exemption of Criminal Division Systems-limited access, as indicated.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) and (4), (d), (e) (4) (G), (H) and (I), (f), and (g) of 5 U.S.C. 552a: Organized Crime and... system. However, in the course of criminal investigations, cases, and matters, the Organized Crime and... with law. (2) General Crimes Section, Criminal Division, Central Index File and Associated...

  6. Criminal Justice Information Policy. Privacy and the Private Employer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    SEARCH Group, Inc., Sacramento, CA.

    Should private employers have a right of access to criminal history record information in order to make employment decisions about applicants and employees? This book addresses both legal and operational questions relating to the use of criminal justice data for private employment and decision-making purposes. The informative, non-prescriptive…

  7. Models for User Access Patterns on the Web: Semantic Content versus Access History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Arun; Owen, Charles B.; Vailaya, Aditya

    This paper focuses on clustering a World Wide Web site (i.e., the 1998 World Cup Soccer site) into groups of documents that are predictive of future user accesses. Two approaches were developed and tested. The first approach uses semantic information inherent in the documents to facilitate the clustering process. User access history is then used…

  8. 28 CFR 16.91 - Exemption of Criminal Division Systems-limited access, as indicated.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) and (4), (d), (e) (4) (G), (H) and (I), (f), and (g) of 5 U.S.C. 552a: Organized Crime and... system. However, in the course of criminal investigations, cases, and matters, the Organized Crime and... 5 U.S.C. 552a: Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Force Fusion Center and International...

  9. 28 CFR 16.91 - Exemption of Criminal Division Systems-limited access, as indicated.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) and (4), (d), (e) (4) (G), (H) and (I), (f), and (g) of 5 U.S.C. 552a: Organized Crime and... system. However, in the course of criminal investigations, cases, and matters, the Organized Crime and... 5 U.S.C. 552a: Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Force Fusion Center and International...

  10. 24 CFR 5.903 - What special authority is there to obtain access to criminal records?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... PHA may require the owner to reimburse costs incurred by the PHA, including reimbursement of any fees charged to the PHA by the law enforcement agency, the PHA's own related staff and administrative costs. The owner may not pass along to the applicant or tenant the costs of a criminal records check....

  11. Racial-Ethnic Variation in Mental Health Service Utilization Among People with a Major Affective Disorder and a Criminal History.

    PubMed

    Lee, Sungkyu; Matejkowski, Jason; Han, Woojae

    2017-01-01

    Using a nationally representative sample, this study examined the extent to which the utilization of various mental health services was associated with racial-ethnic identity among people with major affective disorders who have a criminal history. Approximately 33.7 % of the sample received any type of mental health services in a given year. Multivariate models indicated that married Blacks and Latinos were less likely to use specialty mental health care than their white counterparts. To provide equitable mental health treatment for vulnerable subgroups of this population, mental health professionals should account for the heterogeneity of mental health care in diverse cultural contexts.

  12. 49 CFR 1542.209 - Fingerprint-based criminal history records checks (CHRC).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... certification to an airport operator pursuant to paragraph (n) of this section, or 14 CFR 108.31(n) in effect prior to November 14, 2001 (see 14 CFR Parts 60 to 139 revised as of January 1, 2001). An airport user... disqualifying criminal offense. (iii) A statement informing the individual that Federal regulations under 49...

  13. Sipping Coffee with a Serial Killer: On Conducting Life History Interviews with a Criminal Genius

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oleson, J. C.

    2004-01-01

    As part of my Ph.D. research on criminal genius, I conducted 44 semi-structured interviews. One of the 44 subjects, in particular, stood out. This noteworthy individual claimed that he had killed 15 people. His story was particularly interesting because--unlike most social research involving serial killers--he claimed that he had never been…

  14. Effect of criminal defendant's history of childhood sexual abuse and personality disorder diagnosis on juror decision making.

    PubMed

    Butler, Ebony; Jacquin, Kristine

    2014-08-01

    This study investigated whether a defendant's history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and/or personality disorder (PD) diagnosis affected juror decision making in a child sexual abuse trial. The PDs in the study were borderline PD and antisocial PD. Participants were 385 college students, 121 men and 264 women, who read a summary of a mock criminal trial and then made various juror decisions. Trial summaries were prepared by the principal investigator and were all uniform in content, length and detail. For the trial, both the defendant's gender and victim's gender were specified. The defendant was male, and the alleged victim was female. When the verdict was assessed, the results yielded that when the defendant's CSA history was presented, juror guilt ratings were higher than when there was no history of CSA. Similarly, when the defendant had a PD diagnosis, there were higher guilt ratings than when there was no PD diagnosis. CSA history and PD diagnosis were significant predictors of guilt ratings, suggesting that jurors perceive defendants more negatively if they have either been sexually abused as a child or have borderline or antisocial PD.

  15. 75 FR 42000 - Requirements for Fingerprint-Based Criminal History Records Checks for Individuals Seeking...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-20

    ... Access to Research and Test Reactors, issued April 30, 2007 (72 FR 25337; May 4, 2007). EA-07-098... for Unescorted Access to the General Atomics Research and Test Reactors, issued August 1, 2007 (72 FR..., 2009 (74 FR 17115). Regulatory Analysis X ML101670084 X Regulatory Analysis Appendix...

  16. Developing the Interstate Identification Index/Federal Bureau of Investigation (III/FBI) system for providing timely criminal and civil identification and criminal history information to the nation's law enforcement agencies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Copeland, Patricia L.; Shugars, James

    1997-02-01

    The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is currently developing a new system to provide timely criminal and civil identities and criminal history information to the nation's local, state, and federal users. The Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS), an upgrade to the existing Identification Division Automated Services (IDAS) System, is scheduled for implementation in 1999 at the new FBI facility in Clarksburg, West Virginia. IAFIS will offer new capabilities for electronic transmittal of fingerprint cards to the FBI, an improved fingerprint matching algorithm, and electronic maintenance of fingerprints and photo images. The Interstate Identification Index (III/FBI) System is one of three segments comprising the umbrella IAFIS System. III/FBI provides repository, maintenance, and dissemination capabilities for the 40 million subject national criminal history database. III/FBI will perform over 1 million name searches each day. Demanding performance, reliability/maintainability/availability, and flexibility/expandability requirements make III/FBI an architectural challenge to the system developers. This paper will discuss these driving requirements and present the technical solutions in terms of leading edge hardware and software.

  17. Incarceration history relative to health, substance use, and violence in a sample of vulnerable South African women: implications for health services in criminal justice settings

    PubMed Central

    Johnson, Jennifer E; Carney, Tara; Kline, Tracy; Browne, Felicia A; Wechsberg, Wendee M

    2012-01-01

    International research has suggested that women in the criminal justice system carry a higher burden of many illnesses than women in the community, especially mental health disorders, substance use disorders, sexually transmitted infections, and a history of violent victimization. Knowledge of these health disparities is often used to advocate for relevant screening and treatment services for women passing through criminal justice custody within US and European settings. However, almost all criminal justice health research has taken place in high-income countries, with little or no research taking place in other countries, especially in South Africa. This baseline analysis compares the health, substance use, and violent victimization of women who have ever been incarcerated to those who have not, in a cross-sectional sample of 720 young, vulnerable, substance-using women in Cape Town, South Africa. Results of univariate tests indicated that women who had ever been incarcerated had worse health, mental health, and sexually transmitted infection indicators and were more likely to report use of substances and to have been victims of physical and sexual assault than women who had never been incarcerated. Passing through the criminal justice system appears to be a marker for a variety of current and/or future health service needs among vulnerable South African women, suggesting that screening, prevention, and treatment referral efforts at the time of intersection with the criminal justice system may reduce health burden for these women. PMID:24474876

  18. Incarceration history relative to health, substance use, and violence in a sample of vulnerable South African women: implications for health services in criminal justice settings.

    PubMed

    Johnson, Jennifer E; Carney, Tara; Kline, Tracy; Browne, Felicia A; Wechsberg, Wendee M

    2012-01-01

    International research has suggested that women in the criminal justice system carry a higher burden of many illnesses than women in the community, especially mental health disorders, substance use disorders, sexually transmitted infections, and a history of violent victimization. Knowledge of these health disparities is often used to advocate for relevant screening and treatment services for women passing through criminal justice custody within US and European settings. However, almost all criminal justice health research has taken place in high-income countries, with little or no research taking place in other countries, especially in South Africa. This baseline analysis compares the health, substance use, and violent victimization of women who have ever been incarcerated to those who have not, in a cross-sectional sample of 720 young, vulnerable, substance-using women in Cape Town, South Africa. Results of univariate tests indicated that women who had ever been incarcerated had worse health, mental health, and sexually transmitted infection indicators and were more likely to report use of substances and to have been victims of physical and sexual assault than women who had never been incarcerated. Passing through the criminal justice system appears to be a marker for a variety of current and/or future health service needs among vulnerable South African women, suggesting that screening, prevention, and treatment referral efforts at the time of intersection with the criminal justice system may reduce health burden for these women.

  19. 77 FR 27561 - Requirements for Fingerprint-Based Criminal History Records Checks for Individuals Seeking...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-11

    ... Access to Research and Test Reactors'' (72 FR 25337; May 4, 2007), and Order EA-07-098, ``Issuance of... the General Atomics' Research and Test Reactors'' (72 FR 44590; August 8, 2007)). Specifically, the...\\ The Safeguards Information orders were incorporated into 10 CFR part 73 on October 24, 2008 (73...

  20. 28 CFR Appendix to Part 20 - Commentary on Selected Sections of the Regulations on Criminal History Record Information Systems

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    .... Section 20.20(b)(2) attempts to deal with the problem of computerized police blotters. In some local... agency and administration of criminal justice in § 20.3(b) of this part must be considered together... York's Division of Criminal Justice Services. § 20.3(i). Disposition is a key concept in section...

  1. 28 CFR Appendix to Part 20 - Commentary on Selected Sections of the Regulations on Criminal History Record Information Systems

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    .... Section 20.20(b)(2) attempts to deal with the problem of computerized police blotters. In some local... agency and administration of criminal justice in § 20.3(b) of this part must be considered together... York's Division of Criminal Justice Services. § 20.3(i). Disposition is a key concept in section...

  2. 28 CFR Appendix to Part 20 - Commentary on Selected Sections of the Regulations on Criminal History Record Information Systems

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    .... Section 20.20(b)(2) attempts to deal with the problem of computerized police blotters. In some local... agency and administration of criminal justice in § 20.3(b) of this part must be considered together... York's Division of Criminal Justice Services. § 20.3(i). Disposition is a key concept in section...

  3. 28 CFR Appendix to Part 20 - Commentary on Selected Sections of the Regulations on Criminal History Record Information Systems

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    .... Section 20.20(b)(2) attempts to deal with the problem of computerized police blotters. In some local... agency and administration of criminal justice in § 20.3(b) of this part must be considered together... York's Division of Criminal Justice Services. § 20.3(i). Disposition is a key concept in section...

  4. 28 CFR Appendix to Part 20 - Commentary on Selected Sections of the Regulations on Criminal History Record Information Systems

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    .... Section 20.20(b)(2) attempts to deal with the problem of computerized police blotters. In some local... agency and administration of criminal justice in § 20.3(b) of this part must be considered together... York's Division of Criminal Justice Services. § 20.3(i). Disposition is a key concept in section...

  5. Personality disorders in men with sexual and violent criminal offense histories.

    PubMed

    Schroeder, Marc; Iffland, Joel Simeon; Hill, Andreas; Berner, Wolfgang; Briken, Peer

    2013-08-01

    Little is known about personality disorders (PDs) in offenders with histories of both sexual and (nonsexual) violent offenses. This study aimed to identify possible differences of PD profiles across three different offender groups with both sexual and violent (S+V), only sexual (S), and only violent (V) offenses. Nonviolent (N) offenders were used as a comparison group. Typing of individuals according to their offensive histories was performed on the basis of 259 psychiatric court reports that included the Structured Clinical Interview (SCID)-II for PD diagnostics. Men from the S+V group committed significantly more acts of rape and sexual coercion than the mere sexual offenders. Furthermore, S+V offenders showed the highest rates of PDs overall (68.3%), with every second offender being diagnosed with an antisocial PD and every third offender with a borderline PD. In summary, the results suggest that S+V offenders form a group of individuals with remarkable differences regarding PD profiles, the relatively highest frequencies of conduct disorders, familial addictive problems, and PDs overall.

  6. The history of open access medical publishing: a comprehensive review.

    PubMed

    Sukhov, Andrea; Burrall, Barbara; Maverakis, Emanual

    2016-09-15

    Dermatology Online Journal became the first medical open access journal in the early 1990's. Today, thousands of open access medical journals are available on the Internet. Despite criticisms surrounding open access, these journals have allowed research to be rapidly available to the public. In addition, open access journal policies allow public health research to reach developing countries where this research has the potential to make a substantial impact. In the future, open access medical journals will likely continue to evolve with technology, changing how medical research is accessed and presented.

  7. 5 CFR 1630.9 - Access to the history (accounting) of disclosures from records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Access to the history (accounting) of disclosures from records. 1630.9 Section 1630.9 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD PRIVACY ACT REGULATIONS § 1630.9 Access to the history (accounting) of disclosures from...

  8. 5 CFR 1630.9 - Access to the history (accounting) of disclosures from records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Access to the history (accounting) of disclosures from records. 1630.9 Section 1630.9 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD PRIVACY ACT REGULATIONS § 1630.9 Access to the history (accounting) of disclosures from...

  9. 5 CFR 1630.9 - Access to the history (accounting) of disclosures from records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Access to the history (accounting) of disclosures from records. 1630.9 Section 1630.9 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD PRIVACY ACT REGULATIONS § 1630.9 Access to the history (accounting) of disclosures from...

  10. 5 CFR 1630.9 - Access to the history (accounting) of disclosures from records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Access to the history (accounting) of disclosures from records. 1630.9 Section 1630.9 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD PRIVACY ACT REGULATIONS § 1630.9 Access to the history (accounting) of disclosures from...

  11. 5 CFR 1630.9 - Access to the history (accounting) of disclosures from records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Access to the history (accounting) of disclosures from records. 1630.9 Section 1630.9 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL RETIREMENT THRIFT INVESTMENT BOARD PRIVACY ACT REGULATIONS § 1630.9 Access to the history (accounting) of disclosures from...

  12. The endless history of vascular access: a surgeon's perspective.

    PubMed

    Berardinelli, L

    2006-01-01

    Gaining access to blood circulation has been a major breakthrough of modern medical care and, despite the evolution of dialysis technology, vascular access (VA) remains the main impediment in providing quantity as well as quality of life to the end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patient. The external Scribner shunt and the internal Brescia/Cimino arteriovenous fistula (AVF) opened the way for further advancements such as graft angioaccess and other sophisticated devices. Forty years later, the radio-cephalic fistula remains the VA with the longest patency and the lowest complications. Although various technical solutions can be adopted for constructing access to the patient's vessels, the nephrologist must bear in mind that every VA in the upper limb, lower limb or body wall needs a run-in and a run-off: currently, thrombosis of the central vessels due to the excessive widespread use of central venous catheters (CVCs) emerge as a substantial cause of hemodialysis (HD) morbidity and mortality. Moreover, as there is a risk of central vein stenosis, even 2 weeks after catheter placement, and an impaired venous outflow precludes the creation of any VA and sometimes the placement of a kidney transplant in the iliac fossa for many years, we agree with McGill et al, who in 2005 said that ''expansion of catheter access may contribute to the reduced survival of hemodialysis patients in the United States''.

  13. The history and role of the criminal law in anti-FGM campaigns: Is the criminal law what is needed, at least in countries like Great Britain?

    PubMed

    Berer, Marge

    2015-11-01

    The history of campaigns against female genital mutilation (FGM) began in the 1920s. From the beginning, it was recognised that FGM was considered an important rite of passage between childhood and adulthood for girls, based on the importance of controlling female sexuality to maintain chastity and family honour, and to make girls marriageable. How to separate the "cut" from these deeply held norms is a question not yet adequately answered, yet I believe the answer is key to stopping the practice. Since the 1994 ICPD, national and international action against FGM has grown and resolutions have been passed in global forums which define FGM as a form of violence and a violation of children's human rights. These resolutions have contributed to building consensus against FGM and developing national legislation criminalising FGM. Prosecutions or arrests involving FGM have been reported in several African countries and Great Britain, but apart from France, there have been very few. This paper summarises this history and how FGM has been criminalised. It argues that criminalisation may not be the best means of stopping FGM, but can have serious harmful effects itself. It calls for community-led educational information and more support for dialogue within FGM-practising communities, and argues that what is important is addressing the sexual and reproductive health consequences of FGM and gaining the understanding of women who have experienced it and their families as to why they should not make their daughters and grand-daughters go through it too.

  14. An Assessment for Criminal Thinking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knight, Kevin; Garner, Bryan R.; Simpson, D. Dwayne; Morey, Janis T.; Flynn, Patrick M.

    2006-01-01

    Risk assessments generally rely on actuarial measures of criminal history. However, these static measures do not address changes in risk as a result of intervention. To this end, this study examines the basic psychometric properties of the TCU Criminal Thinking Scales (TCU CTS), a brief (self-rating) instrument developed to assess cognitive…

  15. 10 CFR 25.39 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 25.39 Section 25.39 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION ACCESS AUTHORIZATION Violations § 25.39 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions for willful violation...

  16. Revisionist History in the Library: To Facilitate Access or Not to Facilitate Access?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katz, Jeffrey

    1991-01-01

    Discussion of the acquisition and dissemination of revisionist history materials by public libraries focuses on revisionism related to the Jewish Holocaust. Intellectual freedom is addressed, the role of the public library is considered, handling holocaust-denial literature is described, and an example from the Edmonton Public Library is…

  17. Multi-views storage model and access methods of conversation history in converged IP messaging system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lu, Meilian; Yang, Dong; Zhou, Xing

    2013-03-01

    Based on the analysis of the requirements of conversation history storage in CPM (Converged IP Messaging) system, a Multi-views storage model and access methods of conversation history are proposed. The storage model separates logical views from physical storage and divides the storage into system managed region and user managed region. It simultaneously supports conversation view, system pre-defined view and user-defined view of storage. The rationality and feasibility of multi-view presentation, the physical storage model and access methods are validated through the implemented prototype. It proves that, this proposal has good scalability, which will help to optimize the physical data storage structure and improve storage performance.

  18. Enduring Risk? Old Criminal Records and Predictions of Future Criminal Involvement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kurlychek, Megan C.; Brame, Robert; Bushway, Shawn D.

    2007-01-01

    It is well accepted that criminal records impose collateral consequences on offenders. Such records affect access to public housing, student financial aid, welfare benefits, and voting rights. An axiom of these policies is that individuals with criminal records--even old criminal records--exhibit significantly higher risk of future criminal…

  19. Transgressing the Traditional? Teaching and Learning Methods in a Medieval History Access Course.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gunn, Victoria A.

    2000-01-01

    Describes a medieval history access course at the University of Glasgow (Scotland) in which non-traditional teaching methods were used, specifically collaborative group work and embedded rhetorical training for essay writing. Questions the idea of discipline-specific pedagogical practice. (Author/DB)

  20. Attitudes toward hiring applicants with mental illness and criminal justice involvement: the impact of education and experience.

    PubMed

    Batastini, Ashley B; Bolanos, Angelea D; Morgan, Robert D

    2014-01-01

    Individuals with mental health diagnoses, as well as those involved in the criminal justice system, experience a number of barriers in the recovery and reintegration progress, including access to stable, prosocial employment opportunities. Employment for these populations is important for establishing financial security, reducing unstructured leisure time, increasing self-worth, and improving interpersonal skills. However, research has demonstrated that individuals with psychiatric and/or criminal backgrounds may experience stigmatizing attitudes from employers that impede their ability to find adequate work. This study aimed to evaluate stigmatizing beliefs toward hypothetical applicants who indicated a mental health history, a criminal history, or both, as well as the effectiveness of psychoeducation in reducing stigma. Participants consisted of 465 individuals recruited from a large university who completed a series of online questions about a given applicant. Results of this study varied somewhat across measures of employability, but were largely consistent with extant research suggesting that mental illness and criminal justice involvement serve as deterrents when making hiring decisions. Overall, psychoeducation appeared to reduce stigma for hiring decisions when the applicant presented with a criminal history. Unfortunately, similar findings were not revealed when applicants presented with a psychiatric or a psychiatric and criminal history. Implications and limitations of these findings are presented, along with suggestions for future research.

  1. A prospective look at substance use and criminal behavior in urban ADHD youth: what is the role of maltreatment history on outcome?

    PubMed

    De Sanctis, Virginia A; Newcorn, Jeffrey H; Halperin, Jeffrey M

    2014-06-01

    Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at heightened risk of antisocial behavior during adolescence/early adulthood. Here, we characterize the antisocial outcomes of a sample of urban, lower-socioeconomic-status, ethnically diverse ADHD youth and investigate the impact of maltreatment history on criminal and substance use disorder (SUD) outcomes. Ninety-eight participants diagnosed with ADHD in childhood were re-assessed 10 years later and compared with controls. Regression analyses investigated the effect of maltreatment on antisocial outcomes among four groups based on ADHD and maltreatment status. ADHD subjects and controls did not differ in rates of arrest, conviction, incarceration, or recidivism. ADHD youth were younger at their first arrest with higher rates of SUDs when compared to controls. Controls and ADHD subjects with maltreatment had significantly higher rates of SUDs compared to the no-ADHD/no-maltreatment group. Only ADHD youth with maltreatment had significantly higher rates of arrest than the reference group. In contrast to prior studies, ADHD youth did not differ from controls on most measures of antisocial behavior. Maltreatment increased the rate of arrest only among ADHD youth, though increased the rate of SUD for ADHD youth and controls. This suggests that ADHD youth, in the absence of maltreatment, are at no greater risk of SUDs or arrest than controls without maltreatment.

  2. 49 CFR 1544.229 - Fingerprint-based criminal history records checks (CHRC): Unescorted access authority, authority...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... convicted, or found not guilty by reason of insanity, of any of the disqualifying crimes listed in this... finding of not guilty by reason of insanity of one of the offenses listed in paragraph (d) of this section... insanity of one of the offenses listed in paragraph (d) of this section, the individual is not...

  3. 49 CFR 1544.229 - Fingerprint-based criminal history records checks (CHRC): Unescorted access authority, authority...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... convicted, or found not guilty by reason of insanity, of any of the disqualifying crimes listed in this... finding of not guilty by reason of insanity of one of the offenses listed in paragraph (d) of this section... insanity of one of the offenses listed in paragraph (d) of this section, the individual is not...

  4. 49 CFR 1544.229 - Fingerprint-based criminal history records checks (CHRC): Unescorted access authority, authority...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... convicted, or found not guilty by reason of insanity, of any of the disqualifying crimes listed in this... finding of not guilty by reason of insanity of one of the offenses listed in paragraph (d) of this section... insanity of one of the offenses listed in paragraph (d) of this section, the individual is not...

  5. 49 CFR 1544.229 - Fingerprint-based criminal history records checks (CHRC): Unescorted access authority, authority...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... convicted, or found not guilty by reason of insanity, of any of the disqualifying crimes listed in this... finding of not guilty by reason of insanity of one of the offenses listed in paragraph (d) of this section... insanity of one of the offenses listed in paragraph (d) of this section, the individual is not...

  6. 49 CFR 1544.229 - Fingerprint-based criminal history records checks (CHRC): Unescorted access authority, authority...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... certification made to an airport operator on or after December 6, 2001, pursuant to 14 CFR 107.209(n) in effect prior to November 14, 2001 (see 14 CFR parts 60 to 139 revised as of January 1, 2001) or § 1542.209(n... employee or contract employee covered under a certification made to an airport operator pursuant to 14...

  7. Postcode Criminals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hiett, Sandra; Kushner, Joann

    2013-01-01

    Postcode Criminals was the second phase of an international participatory community arts project challenging negative stereotypes of urban youth. Concerned with the impact of zero tolerance community policing strategies in the UK and USA, artists Joann Kushner and Dread Scott developed an art-based project with a social justice agenda. To give…

  8. Male Psychopaths and Their Criminal Careers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hare, Robert D.; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Examined criminal histories of male psychopaths and nonpsychopaths, exploring time in prison and conviction rates for five-year periods between ages of 16 and 45. Criminal activities of nonpsychopaths were relatively constant over years; activities of psychopaths remained high until around age 40, then declined dramatically. Results are consistent…

  9. Investigating U.S. Links to Nazi War Criminals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holtzman, Elizabeth

    1984-01-01

    The list of United States government connections with Nazi war criminals is a long one. We must ensure that Nazi war criminals living in America are brought to justice. And we must both explore and expunge the history of our government's relations with Nazi war criminals. (CS)

  10. 32 CFR 147.12 - Guideline J-Criminal conduct.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Guideline J-Criminal conduct. 147.12 Section 147.12 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE PERSONNEL, MILITARY AND... Adjudication § 147.12 Guideline J—Criminal conduct. (a) The concern. A history or pattern of criminal...

  11. The sexual history provisions in the Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act 1999--a violation of the right to a fair trial?

    PubMed

    Young, G

    2001-07-01

    In response to the Home Office recommendations contained in Speaking Up for Justice (1998) the Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act (YJCEA) 1999 introduced a new regime for the conduct of sexual offence trials. Section 41 of the Act, which came into force on 4 December 2000, brings about dramatic changes to the rules on the admissibility of evidence of complainants' sexual behaviour, severely restricting the discretion of trial judges to introduce such evidence or to allow questioning concerning it. This represents a radical new departure that will fundamentally affect an accused's position at trial. Responses to section 41 have predictably been divided given the extremely sensitive nature of this area of the law of evidence and the complex set of social and political issues which are at stake. Many have greeted it as a long overdue reform of a system premised upon outmoded and sexist beliefs concerning women's sexual behaviour which has routinely functioned to admit prejudicial and irrelevant evidence. Others, predominantly within the legal profession, have expressed serious concerns over whether the new law is workable and the extent to which, by potentially excluding critically relevant evidence, it may infringe upon a defendant's right to a fair trial. The quality of the legislation is soon to be tested. On 26 and 27 March 2001 the House of Lords heard an interlocutory appeal in the case of R v. A and were asked to decide if the new provisions, by excluding previous sexual history evidence between the complainant and the defendant, contravened Article 6 of the European Convention of Human Rights. Their Lordships are, at the time of writing, yet to give judgment and the fate of the defendant in question, and several others whose trials have been postponed pending their decision, hangs in the balance. This article seeks to show that the new Act, despite being well-intentioned, does not adopt a coherent or sustainable approach to the relevance of previous

  12. Child maltreatment and adult criminal behavior: does criminal thinking explain the association?

    PubMed

    Cuadra, Lorraine E; Jaffe, Anna E; Thomas, Renu; DiLillo, David

    2014-08-01

    Criminal thinking styles were examined as mediational links between different forms of child maltreatment (i.e., sexual abuse, physical abuse, and physical neglect) and adult criminal behaviors in 338 recently adjudicated men. Analyses revealed positive associations between child sexual abuse and sexual offenses as an adult, and between child physical abuse/neglect and endorsing proactive and reactive criminal thinking styles. Mediation analyses showed that associations between overall maltreatment history and adult criminal behaviors were accounted for by general criminal thinking styles and both proactive and reactive criminal thinking. These findings suggest a potential psychological pathway to criminal behavior associated with child maltreatment. Limitations of the study as well as research and clinical implications of the results are discussed.

  13. An Ethics of Access: Using Life History to Trace Preservice Teachers' Initial Viewpoints on Teaching for Equity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Amy Suzanne

    2007-01-01

    This article demonstrates how life history methods can be used to trace preservice teachers' emergent ethics toward teaching for equity and social justice. Through qualitative analyses of 10 European American, middle-class, female preservice teachers' life history interviews, access to diverse individuals and diverse materials was identified as a…

  14. Access to and use of sexual health care services among young Canadians with and without a history of sexual coercion

    PubMed Central

    O’Sullivan, Lucia F.; Sandra Byers, E.; Brotto, Lori A.; Majerovich, Jo Ann

    2015-01-01

    Objective To determine access to and use of sexual health care services among adolescents and young adults with and without a history of sexual coercion, and to examine whether a history of sexual coercion was a barrier to using sexual health care services. Design Online survey. Setting Canada. Participants A total of 405 adolescents and young adults aged 16 to 21. Main outcome measures Participants’ sexual histories, sexual coercion histories, current psychological functioning, and perceptions and use of health care services. Results A history of sexual coercion was reported by 29.6% of participants; more female participants reported a history of sexual coercion than male participants did, and female participants reported more related distress than male participants did. Those with a history of sexual coercion reported more sexual health–related visits than those without a history of sexual coercion did. Among participants with and without sexual coercion histories, there were no differences in difficulty accessing care, perceived quality of care, or rates of unmet health needs. Among those who reported a history of sexual coercion, the odds of having a sexual health–related visit increased for those who had had a routine checkup in the previous year (odds ratio = 8.29) and those who believed it was not difficult to access care (odds ratio = 1.74). Conclusion Having a history of sexual coercion was not a barrier to the use of health care services among adolescents and young adults. In fact, rates of health care service use were higher among those with a history of sexual coercion than those without such a history. PMID:26759846

  15. 28 CFR 20.35 - Criminal Justice Information Services Advisory Policy Board.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.35 Criminal..., concept, and operational principles of various criminal justice information systems managed by the FBI's... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Criminal Justice Information...

  16. 28 CFR 20.35 - Criminal Justice Information Services Advisory Policy Board.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.35 Criminal..., concept, and operational principles of various criminal justice information systems managed by the FBI's... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Criminal Justice Information...

  17. 28 CFR 20.35 - Criminal Justice Information Services Advisory Policy Board.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.35 Criminal..., concept, and operational principles of various criminal justice information systems managed by the FBI's... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Criminal Justice Information...

  18. 28 CFR 20.35 - Criminal Justice Information Services Advisory Policy Board.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.35 Criminal..., concept, and operational principles of various criminal justice information systems managed by the FBI's... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Criminal Justice Information...

  19. 28 CFR 20.35 - Criminal Justice Information Services Advisory Policy Board.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... INFORMATION SYSTEMS Federal Systems and Exchange of Criminal History Record Information § 20.35 Criminal..., concept, and operational principles of various criminal justice information systems managed by the FBI's... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Criminal Justice Information...

  20. [Does the amendment of the rules of Criminal Code referring to mandatory treatment mean paradigm change in the judgement of mentally ill criminals?].

    PubMed

    Kalapos, Miklós Péter

    2011-01-01

    Talking of the Act LXXX. of 2009, the amendment of the Act IV. of 1978 on Criminal Code, the author reviews the Hungarian history of the changes of regulations referring to mentally ill criminals. He discusses the treatment regulations referring to criminals identified as insane, too. From historical and legal philosophical points of view, those parts of the modification of Criminal Code are analyzed that deal with mandatory treatment and took effect in he May 2010. The changes are judged as paradigm changing in a negative course that represents a doubtful step from the direction of perpetrator based criminal law to criminal act based criminal law.

  1. [Hans Kurella's 'Naturgeschichte des Verbrechers' [Natural history of the criminal], 1893, as an apology of Cesare Lombroso's doctrine of 'Uomo delinquente'].

    PubMed

    Gutmann, Philipp

    2005-01-01

    At the end of the 19th century Cesare Lombroso and his theory of the 'delinquente nato' had great influence on a lot of scientists in the German speaking world. One of the psychiatrists who published several books and articles about Lombroso's theory was Hans Kurella. In his 'Naturgeschichte des Verbrechers' (1893) he elaborates the thesis of the 'delinquente nato' agreeing with its central point that the criminal.

  2. Victim-induced criminality.

    PubMed

    Fooner, M

    1966-09-02

    about the probable effects on the administration of criminal justice. These are pragmatic problems; there is a third problem which may at this time seem speculative, but is, nevertheless, quite important. 3) To what extent will a particular proposal for victim compensation contribute to a temptation-opportunity pattern in victim behavior? In previous studies it has been pointed out that large numbers of our fellow Americans have tended to acquire casual money-handling habits-generically designated "carelessness"-which contribute to the national growth of criminality. How the victim helps the criminal was sketched in reports of those studies (10). It was made abundantly clear that human beings in our affluent society cannot be assumed to be prudent or self-protective against the hazards of crime. Even when the "victim" is not overtly acting to commit a crime-as in the case of the property owner who hires an arsonist-he often tempts the offender. Among the victims of burglary-statistically the most prevalent crime in the United States-are a substantial number of Americans who keep cash, jewelry, and other valuables carelessly at home or in hotel rooms to which the burglar has easy access through door or window. Victims of automobile theft-one of the fastest growing classes of crime-include drivers who leave the vehicle or its contents invitingly accessible to thieves. And so on with other classes of crime. As pointed out in previous studies, when victim behavior follows a temptation-opportunity pattern, it (i) contributes to a "climate of criminal inducements," (ii) adds to the economic resources available to criminal societies, and (iii) detracts from the ability of lawenforcement agencies to suppress the growth of crime.

  3. Criminal behavior, criminal mind: being caught in a "criminal spin".

    PubMed

    Ronel, Natti

    2011-12-01

    The innovative theory of the "criminal spin" presents a phenomenological description and interpretation of criminal conduct. The theory indicates a process that occurs in different phases of criminality, involving an escalation of criminal activity, thinking, and emotions that run beyond self-control, sometimes contrary to initial decision. Its phenomenology indicates an interaction between individual, group, and situation and a growing self-centeredness with two leading motives: "I can" and "I must." The first denotes a perceived legitimacy and capability to perform criminal conduct. The second reflects an existential threat and a belief that it must be removed by any action. These motives may operate in an acute or a chronic phase, within individuals, groups, or societies. The spin is a detectable process with known characteristics and prognosis. Implications for intervention are outlined.

  4. A Matter of Discipline: Open Access, the Humanities, and Art History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomlin, Patrick

    2009-01-01

    Recent events suggest that open access has gained new momentum in the humanities, but the slow and uneven development of open-access initiatives in humanist fields continues to hinder the consolidation of efforts across the university. Although various studies have traced the general origins of the humanities' reticence to embrace open access, few…

  5. How the Air Felt on My Cheeks: Using Avatars to Access History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Volk, Steven S.

    2013-01-01

    For the author, teaching history has become a double challenge: to help students understand both "History" (the narrative crafted by the historian, based on documentation, supported by previous scholarship, and bound together through logical argument) and "history" (the real events that occupied real lives that are largely…

  6. Accessibility

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Federal laws, including Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act, mandate that people with disabilities have access to the same information that someone without a disability would have. 508 standards cover electronic and information technology (EIT) products.

  7. [Criminal prosecution for medical errors].

    PubMed

    Legemaate, J

    2011-01-01

    A policy document providing instructions on the decision to prosecute in medical errors came into effect on November 1st 2010. In this document the Dutch Public Prosecution Service has attempted to make clear which criteria should be adopted when deciding to prosecute in the case of a medical error. There have also been other recent developments in this context: the public prosecutor can now demand access to medical files in certain, highly exceptional circumstances, such as when patients are themselves suspected of committing a criminal offence; and the Dutch Health Care Inspectorate may only pass on a patient's medical file to the public prosecutor if the prosecutor is already in possession of a copy of it. The new policy document leaves several questions unanswered. It does not consider the criminal liability of health care institutions, for example, and there is too much focus on the responsibilities of individual health care workers.

  8. 32 CFR 147.12 - Guideline J-Criminal conduct.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... committing the act and those pressures are no longer present in that person's life; (4) The person did not....12 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE PERSONNEL, MILITARY AND... Adjudication § 147.12 Guideline J—Criminal conduct. (a) The concern. A history or pattern of criminal...

  9. Forensic psychiatry and the birth of the criminal insane asylum in modern Italy.

    PubMed

    Gibson, Mary

    2014-01-01

    This paper focuses on the creation of the criminal insane asylum in Italy between unification in 1861 and World War I. The establishment of criminal insane asylums was a triumph of the positivist criminology of Cesare Lombroso, who advocated for an institution to intern insane criminals in his classic work, Criminal Man (1876). As a context for the analysis of the birth of the criminal insane asylum in Italy, this essay also outlines the history of the insanity plea in Italian criminal law and the young discipline of psychiatry during the fifty years after Italian unification.

  10. 45 CFR 2540.206 - Under what circumstances may I follow alternative procedures in conducting a State criminal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... criminal registry check for a covered position? (a) FBI fingerprint-based check. If you conduct and... history check through a source other than the FBI that includes a check of the criminal records...

  11. 45 CFR 2551.31 - Under what circumstances may I follow alternative procedures in conducting a State criminal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... alternative procedures in conducting a State criminal registry check? (a) FBI fingerprint-based check. If you or your designee conduct and document a fingerprint-based criminal history check through the...

  12. 45 CFR 2552.31 - Under what circumstances may I follow alternative procedures in conducting a State criminal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... alternative procedures in conducting a State criminal registry check? (a) FBI fingerprint-based check. If you or your designee conduct and document a fingerprint-based criminal history check through the...

  13. 45 CFR 2551.31 - Under what circumstances may I follow alternative procedures in conducting a State criminal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... alternative procedures in conducting a State criminal registry check? (a) FBI fingerprint-based check. If you or your designee conduct and document a fingerprint-based criminal history check through the...

  14. 45 CFR 2540.206 - Under what circumstances may I follow alternative procedures in conducting a State criminal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... criminal registry check for a covered position? (a) FBI fingerprint-based check. If you conduct and document a fingerprint-based criminal history check through the Federal Bureau of Investigation, you...

  15. 45 CFR 2540.206 - Under what circumstances may I follow alternative procedures in conducting a State criminal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... criminal registry check for a covered position? (a) FBI fingerprint-based check. If you conduct and document a fingerprint-based criminal history check through the Federal Bureau of Investigation, you...

  16. 45 CFR 2552.31 - Under what circumstances may I follow alternative procedures in conducting a State criminal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... alternative procedures in conducting a State criminal registry check? (a) FBI fingerprint-based check. If you or your designee conduct and document a fingerprint-based criminal history check through the...

  17. 45 CFR 2552.31 - Under what circumstances may I follow alternative procedures in conducting a State criminal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... alternative procedures in conducting a State criminal registry check? (a) FBI fingerprint-based check. If you or your designee conduct and document a fingerprint-based criminal history check through the...

  18. 45 CFR 2551.31 - Under what circumstances may I follow alternative procedures in conducting a State criminal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... alternative procedures in conducting a State criminal registry check? (a) FBI fingerprint-based check. If you or your designee conduct and document a fingerprint-based criminal history check through the...

  19. Criminal acts among schizophrenics in French mental hospitals.

    PubMed

    Addad, M; Benezech, M; Bourgeois, M; Yesavage, J

    1981-05-01

    This paper reports a questionnaire study of 116 schizophrenic subjects. A group without history of crime (N = 53) was found to have considerably better relations with their families than a group with histories of criminal acts (N = 63). An interesting finding was that negative relations with the father were reported more frequently in the noncriminal group than in the criminal group, whereas negative relations with the mother were more frequent in the criminal group than in the noncriminal group. Within the criminal group several differences were found between the criminal behavior of chronic undifferentiated and paranoid schizophrenics. Although subjects of both diagnoses often acted with premeditation, paranoid schizophrenics were more likely to commit crimes against persons, to be under the influence of their illness during the crime, to be secretive about plans, to admit their guilt, and to cite vengeance as a motive than chronic undifferentiated schizophrenic subjects.

  20. Privacy Impact Assessment for the Criminal Investigate Index and Files for the Office of Criminal Enforcement, Forensics and Training

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This system collects contact and other information related to the Criminal Investigative Division's cases. Learn how this data is collected, how it will be used, access to the data, the purpose of data collection, and record retention policies.

  1. Criminal Justice in America. Third Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Bill, Ed.

    This book, a comprehensive and interactive introductory text on criminal justice, consists of six units: (1) Crime: covers victims' rights, gangs, violent crime, white-collar crime, elements of crimes, legal defenses, methods for measuring crime, hate crime, computer crime, and a history of crime in the United States; (2) Police: explores local…

  2. Accessing to electronic medical history using a mobility intra hospital system.

    PubMed

    Guillén, Sergio; Traver, Vicente; Monton, Eduardo; Castellano, Elena; Valdivieso, Bernardo; Valero, Manuel Regaña

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to describe the solution that has been developed in Valencia Region (Spain) to provide health professionals (physicians and nurses) access to all the functionalities of a Hospital Information System (HIS) already available at fixed clients workstations. These functionalities are adapted to the care process carried out at patient bedside. In this way, professionals will have access to treatment and administration, recording of vital signs, nursing assessment, scales, care plan, extractions, medical records, progress notes so that they have all necessary information at the bedside, and record swiftly changes that occur in-situ. In addition, clinical safety is reinforced, including RFID patient identification mechanisms and barcode readers for blood samples or unidosis medication.

  3. Accessing probable thermal histories through dispersed, partially-reset zircon (U-Th)/He ages

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Powell, Jeremy; Schneider, David

    2016-04-01

    We have applied the ZRDAAM model (Guenthner et al., 2013; Am. J. Sci. 313) to assess the thermal evolution of the Neoproterozoic stratigraphy of the Mackenzie Mountain fold-thrust belt (NWT, Canada), which witnessed protracted (100's m.y.) cooling through the uppermost crust. Single crystal ZHe dates from rocks in the cores of anticlines span 432 ± 35 Ma to 46 ± 4 Ma, with intrasample ZHe date dispersion as great as 350 m.y., indicating that the strata have not been heated sufficiently to fully reset the zircon (U-Th)/He system. The modeling has its most utility in samples where self-irradiation of zircon has occurred over long geologic timescales without significant annealing of damaged zones. Partially- to fully-reset detrital datasets can contain a tremendous amount of T-t information, due to the wide range in grain size, eU, and potential for variable pre-depositional histories and inherited radiation damage in the zircon population. These variables result in a broad spectrum of closure temperatures within a single sample, and in tectonic settings where strata are never buried to sufficiently high temperatures can potentially record more than the most recent thermal event. Additionally, modeling of these datasets has added value in strata where apatite is absent or too small for (U-Th)/He analysis, as highly damaged zircon can record similar parts of the cooling history as the apatite He system. However, several factors complicate interpretation of these datasets including the influences of pre-depositional history (e.g. inherited 4He and radiation damage, on ZHe dates and date-eU relationships). As a result of these variables, sampling from the same stratigraphic succession can yield substantially different ZHe date populations, despite having experienced the same T-t history, should the strata have different grain sizes or provenance. For these reasons, we believe that detailed thermal modeling is required to understand the probable geologic history

  4. Teaching Criminal Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levin, Sandy

    1989-01-01

    Presents learning activities and resources for teaching senior level criminal law courses. Topics covered include arrest, search and seizure, bail, trial procedures, sentencing, and prisons. Objective is to encourage students to address societal issues. (LS)

  5. Criminality and climate change

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    White, Rob

    2016-08-01

    The impacts of climate change imply a reconceptualization of environment-related criminality. Criminology can offer insight into the definitions and dynamics of this behaviour, and outline potential areas of redress.

  6. Genetics and criminal responsibility.

    PubMed

    Morse, Stephen J

    2011-09-01

    Some believe that genetics threatens privacy and autonomy and will eviscerate the concept of human nature. Despite the astonishing research advances, however, none of these dire predictions and no radical transformation of the law have occurred. Advocates have tried to use genetic evidence to affect judgments of criminal responsibility. At present, however genetic research can provide little aid to assessments of criminal responsibility and it does not suggest a radical critique of responsibility.

  7. To direct the Attorney General to provide State officials with access to criminal history information with respect to certain financial service providers required to undergo State criminal background checks, and for other purposes.

    THOMAS, 113th Congress

    Rep. Bachus, Spencer [R-AL-6

    2014-07-31

    09/26/2014 Referred to the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, Homeland Security, and Investigations. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status IntroducedHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  8. Persistent palatable food preference in rats with a history of limited and extended access to methamphetamine self-administration.

    PubMed

    Caprioli, Daniele; Zeric, Tamara; Thorndike, Eric B; Venniro, Marco

    2015-09-01

    Recent studies have shown that when given a mutually exclusive choice between cocaine and palatable foods, most rats prefer the non-drug rewards over cocaine. Here, we used a discrete choice procedure to assess whether palatable food preference generalizes to rats with a history of limited (3 hours/day) or extended (6 or 9 hours/day) access to methamphetamine self-administration. On different daily sessions, we trained rats to lever-press for either methamphetamine (0.1-0.2 mg/kg/infusion) or palatable food (five pellets per reward delivery) for several weeks; regular food was freely available. We then assessed food-methamphetamine preference either during training, after priming methamphetamine injections (0.5-1.0 mg/kg), following a satiety manipulation (palatable food exposure in the home cage) or after 21 days of withdrawal from methamphetamine. We also assessed progressive ratio responding for palatable food and methamphetamine. We found that independent of the daily drug access conditions and the withdrawal period, the rats strongly preferred the palatable food over methamphetamine, even when they were given free access to the palatable food in the home cage. Intake of methamphetamine and progressive ratio responding for the drug, both of which increased or escalated over time, did not predict preference in the discrete choice test. Results demonstrate that most rats strongly prefer palatable food pellets over intravenous methamphetamine, confirming previous studies using discrete choice procedures with intravenous cocaine. Results also demonstrate that escalation of drug self-administration, a popular model of compulsive drug use, is not associated with a cardinal feature of human addiction of reduced behavioral responding for non-drug rewards.

  9. Persistent palatable food preference in rats with a history of limited and extended access to methamphetamine self-administration

    PubMed Central

    Caprioli, Daniele; Zeric, Tamara; Thorndike, Eric B; Venniro, Marco

    2015-01-01

    Recent studies have shown that when given a mutually exclusive choice between cocaine and palatable foods most rats prefer the non-drug rewards over cocaine. Here, we used a discrete choice procedure to assess whether palatable food preference generalizes to rats with a history of limited (3 hr/day) or extended (6 or 9 hr/day) access to methamphetamine self-administration. On different daily sessions, we trained rats to lever-press for either methamphetamine (0.1–0.2 mg/kg/infusion) or palatable food (5 pellets per reward delivery) for several weeks; regular food was freely available. We then assessed food-methamphetamine preference either during training, after priming methamphetamine injections (0.5–1.0 mg/kg), following a satiety manipulation (palatable food exposure in the home cage), or after 21 days of withdrawal from methamphetamine. We also assessed progressive ratio responding for palatable food and methamphetamine. We found that independent of the daily drug access conditions and the withdrawal period, the rats strongly preferred the palatable food over methamphetamine, even when they were given free access to the palatable food in the home cage. Intake of methamphetamine and progressive ratio responding for the drug, both of which increased or escalated over time, did not predict preference in the discrete choice test. Results demonstrate that most rats strongly prefer palatable food pellets over intravenous methamphetamine, confirming previous studies using discrete choice procedures with intravenous cocaine. Results also demonstrate that escalation of drug self-administration, a popular model of compulsive drug use, is not associated with a cardinal feature of human addiction of reduced behavioral responding for non-drug rewards. PMID:25582886

  10. Criminalization of HIV transmission: poor public health policy.

    PubMed

    Cameron, Edwin

    2009-12-01

    Criminalization of HIV transmission and exposure is an ineffective tool for combating AIDS and a costly distraction from programs that we know work--programs such as effective prevention, protection against discrimination, reducing stigma, empowering women and providing access to testing and treatment. In this article, which is based on a public lecture he gave at "From Evidence and Principle to Policy and Action," the 1st Annual Symposium on HIV, Law and Human Rights, held on 12-13 June 2009 in Toronto, Canada, Justice Edwin Cameron analyzes the surge in criminal prosecutions, discusses the role that stigma plays in these prosecutions and makes the case against criminalization.

  11. Standin' tall: (De) criminalization and acts of resistance among boys of color in an elementary after school STEM program

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Basile, Vincent

    The United States current incarcerates more citizens than any other country in history, by disproportionately targeting men and boys of color through mechanisms such as the school to prison pipeline. In better understanding the processes that fuel the school to prison pipeline such as criminalizing practices and the ways boys of color resist them, we can begin to identify teaching practices and perspectives which work to disrupt those processes. Examining criminalization and acts of resistance in STEM education is particularly salient because of the high social and economic status STEM knowledge bears in dominant U.S. culture, and the ways access to STEM learning functions as gateways in our education system. Through a longitudinal study in a multi-site elementary after-school STEM program, I examined what criminalization and acts of resistance look like, the ways they interact, and how staff in the program work to disrupt those cycles. I found that criminalization and acts of resistance are normal and ordinary occurrences, frequently interacting in response to each other in escalating patterns. I also found that staff engaged in multiple categories of decriminalizing practices based on highly respectful interactions and viewing boys of color as brilliant students who engage in acts of resistance as a healthy response to oppressive measures.

  12. Effects of cocaine self-administration history under limited and extended access conditions on in vivo striatal dopamine neurochemistry and acoustic startle in rhesus monkeys

    PubMed Central

    Henry, Porche’ Kirkland; Davis, Michael

    2009-01-01

    Rationale The transition from infrequent and controlled cocaine use to dependence may involve enduring changes in neurobiology as a consequence of persistent drug use. Objective The present study utilized an intravenous drug self-administration protocol of increasing cocaine access to evaluate potential changes in dopamine function in vivo, including changes in sensitivity to psychostimulants. Materials and methods Drug-naïve rhesus monkeys were provided limited access (1 h) to cocaine self-administration for 60 days followed by 60 days under an extended access condition (4 h). Basal levels of striatal extracellular dopamine and its metabolites, as well as the effectiveness of cocaine and amphetamine to elevate dopamine, were determined with in vivo microdialysis before the initiation of cocaine self-administration and during limited and extended access. The effect of cocaine and amphetamine on the acoustic startle response was also examined to assess complementary behavioral changes as a function of drug history. Results Extended access to cocaine self-administration lead to increased daily intake compared to limited access conditions but did not result in escalated intake over time. However, cocaine- and amphetamine-induced increases in striatal dopamine were diminished as a function of cocaine self-administration history. Surprisingly, there was no effect of drug-taking history on sensitivity to psychostimulant-induced enhancement of startle amplitude. Conclusions The present experiments provide evidence of a hypofunctional dopamine system that is not associated with an escalation in drug intake or reflected in measures of acoustic startle. PMID:19365621

  13. Can Education Reform Canada's Criminals?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffin, D. K.

    1978-01-01

    Discusses the development of the existing correctional programs in Canada's prisons, some theories of criminality, and two competing views on the best way to reform criminals today. Also gives a short review of penitentiary education programs. (RK)

  14. 25 CFR 11.406 - Criminal coercion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Criminal coercion. 11.406 Section 11.406 Indians BUREAU... ORDER CODE Criminal Offenses § 11.406 Criminal coercion. (a) A person is guilty of criminal coercion if... threatens to: (1) Commit any criminal offense; or (2) Accuse anyone of a criminal offense; or (3) Take...

  15. Accessing History from Home

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pember, Mary Annette

    2012-01-01

    Partnering with museums and Indiana University, the American Indian Higher Education Consortium (AIHEC) has helped create e-Humanity, an online cultural portal. Launched in June 2011, E-Humanity represents the beginning of a new form of cultural institution, one that will blur the lines between traditional museum authority and collections of…

  16. Criminal Psychological Profiling

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-10-18

    Conan Doyle in the late 1800s,1 Sherlock Holmes solved his cases by attention to detail, utilization of a wide range of knowledge, and a keen...definition, they all specialized in trying to understand the criminal mind. Heading Mr. Porter’s list is the famous Sherlock Holmes. Created by Sir Arthur

  17. Managing Criminal Investigations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bloch, Peter B.; Weidman, Donald R.

    The report discusses many ways for police managers to improve the success of their departments' criminal investigation efforts. Management issues addressed include budgeting and allocating resources; improving relationships with the prosecutor; interacting with the public, especially victims and witnesses; improving relationships between…

  18. Criminal Justice Curriculum Models.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lumb, Richard C.; Alm, Mary

    This report outlines three new curriculum models for criminal justice developed as part of the North Carolina Community College System's Curriculum Improvement Project (CIP): the "Generalist"; "Generalist-with-Options" for a Law Enforcement Specialty, Corrections Specialty, or Protective Services Specialty; and "Generalist…

  19. Criminal justice responses to drug related crime in Scotland.

    PubMed

    Malloch, Margaret; McIvor, Gill

    2013-01-01

    This article examines contemporary developments in criminal justice responses to drug related crime. Drawing on evaluations of initiatives which have been introduced in Scotland along with published statistical data, it considers the expansion of drug treatment through the criminal justice system and the implications this has for increasing access to services. Importantly, it considers the potential consequences of implementing 'treatment' requirements, underpinned by potential sanctions for non-compliance, at different stages of the criminal justice process. It is argued that the introduction of interventions at different points in the criminal justice process may have increased access to treatment services, though the extent of engagement with services is called into question, especially where treatment is voluntary or less obviously 'coerced'. Moreover, there is evidence that extending treatment through the criminal justice system may have had the effect of drawing some individuals further into the criminal justice process than would previously have been the case, despite limited evidence of the effectiveness of many such interventions on drug use, associated offending and wider aspects of individuals' lives.

  20. Alias: lying to the police and pathological criminal behavior.

    PubMed

    Delisi, Matt; Drury, Alan; Behnken, Monic; Vaughn, Michael G; Caudill, Jonathan W; Trulson, Chad R

    2013-07-01

    The use of aliases has been shown to be associated with antisocial behavior, but the empirical research on this topic is modest. The current study employs a multiple analytical approach to explore the association between aliases and career criminality in two large samples of adult offenders. We hypothesized that the use of aliases would not only be strongly associated with arrest history but this singular behavior would accurately classify a large proportion of habitual criminals. Results show that alias usage is robustly associated with career arrests net the effects of arrest onset, age, and sex in negative binomial regression models and was an excellent classifier (AUC = .82) of habitual criminality. Implications of the findings for forensic and criminal justice practitioners are offered.

  1. The unique predisposition to criminal violations in frontotemporal dementia.

    PubMed

    Mendez, Mario F

    2010-01-01

    Brain disorders can lead to criminal violations. Patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD) are particularly prone to sociopathic behavior while retaining knowledge of their acts and of moral and conventional rules. This report describes four FTD patients who committed criminal violations in the presence of clear consciousness and sufficiently intact cognition. They understood the nature of their acts and the potential consequences, but did not feel sufficiently concerned to be deterred. FTD involves a unique pathologic combination affecting the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, with altered moral feelings, right anterior temporal loss of emotional empathy, and orbitofrontal changes with disinhibited, compulsive behavior. These case histories and the literature indicate that those with right temporal FTD retain the capacity to tell right from wrong but have the slow and insidious loss of the capacity for moral rationality. Patients with early FTD present a challenge to the criminal justice system to consider alterations in moral cognition before ascribing criminal responsibility.

  2. 24 CFR 5.901 - To what criminal records and searches does this subpart apply?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... not apply to criminal conviction information or sex offender information searches by a PHA or others... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false To what criminal records and..., Department of Housing and Urban Development GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Access to...

  3. 25 CFR 11.410 - Criminal mischief.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Criminal mischief. 11.410 Section 11.410 Indians BUREAU... ORDER CODE Criminal Offenses § 11.410 Criminal mischief. (a) A person is guilty of criminal mischief if... another to suffer pecuniary loss by deception or threat. (b) Criminal mischief is a misdemeanor if...

  4. Preventing Criminal Recidivism Through Mental Health and Criminal Justice Collaboration.

    PubMed

    Lamberti, J Steven

    2016-11-01

    Criminal justice system involvement is common among persons with serious mental illness in community treatment settings. Various intervention strategies are used to prevent criminal recidivism among justice-involved individuals, including mental health courts, specialty probation, and conditional release programs. Despite differences in these approaches, most involve the use of legal leverage to promote treatment adherence. Evidence supporting the effectiveness of leverage-based interventions at preventing criminal recidivism is mixed, however, with some studies suggesting that involving criminal justice authorities in mental health treatment can increase recidivism rates. The effectiveness of interventions that utilize legal leverage is likely to depend on several factors, including the ability of mental health and criminal justice staff to work together. Collaboration is widely acknowledged as essential in managing justice-involved individuals, yet fundamental differences in goals, values, and methods exist between mental health and criminal justice professionals. This article presents a six-step conceptual framework for optimal mental health-criminal justice collaboration to prevent criminal recidivism among individuals with serious mental illness who are under criminal justice supervision in the community. Combining best practices from each field, the stepwise process includes engagement, assessment, planning and treatment, monitoring, problem solving, and transition. Rationale and opportunities for collaboration at each step are discussed.

  5. Access to Doctoral Study for Hispanic Students: The Pragmatics of "Race" in (Recent) Texas History and Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oliva, Maricela

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the historical developments and major policy shifts that contextualize higher education access for Hispanic and other underrepresented students in Texas. Describes the doctoral program of University of Texas-Pan American as an example of an effort to address the state's moral and economic imperatives of ensuring access to higher…

  6. Predicting Adult Offenders' Criminal Trajectories from Their Juvenile Criminal Trajectories.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Day, David M.; Bevc, Irene; Rosenthal, Jeffrey S.; Duchesne, Thierry; Rossman, Lianne; Theodor, Frances

    This study examined the relationship between adolescent (10-17 years) criminal offending and adult (18-33 years) offending. The sample comprised 378 Canadian male offenders whose criminal trajectory was tracked for an average of 12.1 years, from adolescence into adulthood. Their man age at the time of the most recent follow-up was 27.5 years. The…

  7. Criminal Careers and Cognitive Scripts: An Investigation into Criminal Versatility

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gavin, Helen; Hockey, David

    2010-01-01

    "Criminal careers" denotes ways in which offenders develop specialisms and versatility, but studies linking delinquency to social skills deficits have not attempted to explore cognitive, internalised processes by which such "careers" might be chosen. This study investigated criminal minds via script theory: "internal"…

  8. Providing Internet access to Los Alamos National Laboratory technical reports: A case history in providing public access to previously restricted documents

    SciTech Connect

    Collins, K.A.

    1996-12-31

    The Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Research Library recently fulfilled a strategic goal of providing worldwide desktop access via the Internet to full-image files of the complete unclassified holdings of Los Alamos technical reports in its Report Collection. This effort began in late 1994 with the scanning of paper and microfiche format reports. Concurrently, the Research Library helped to initiate shifting the model for publishing new technical reports from paper to electronic; the files could then be directly mounted on the Research Library`s Web server. Providing desktop access to these reports was instrumental in expediting the development of internal policies that would better define what documents, previously restricted to the general public, could be publicly released. Undoubtedly, the most significant category of such reports were previously classified reports that had been declassified, but had not gone through a further review for public release. Collaboration with LANL`s Classification Group led to approval for public release of 97% of these reports. The LANL Research Library`s Web site now offers unique and unprecedented access to the world of a huge body of technical reports never available before anywhere in any form. This paper discusses the issues and steps involved in this achievement.

  9. 28 CFR 700.12 - Responses to requests for access to records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... therein. (c) Law-enforcement information. Whenever a request for access is made for a record containing information that relates to an investigation of a possible violation of criminal law or to a criminal...

  10. 28 CFR 700.12 - Responses to requests for access to records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... therein. (c) Law-enforcement information. Whenever a request for access is made for a record containing information that relates to an investigation of a possible violation of criminal law or to a criminal...

  11. 28 CFR 700.12 - Responses to requests for access to records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... therein. (c) Law-enforcement information. Whenever a request for access is made for a record containing information that relates to an investigation of a possible violation of criminal law or to a criminal...

  12. 28 CFR 700.12 - Responses to requests for access to records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... therein. (c) Law-enforcement information. Whenever a request for access is made for a record containing information that relates to an investigation of a possible violation of criminal law or to a criminal...

  13. Defendants' Rights in Criminal Trials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Ralph C., II; Keeley, Elizabeth

    1997-01-01

    Reviews the protections afforded by the Constitution for defendants in criminal trials. These include the right to a jury trial (in cases of possible incarceration), an impartial jury, and the requirement of a unanimous verdict. Defends the use of plea bargaining as essential to an efficient criminal justice system. (MJP)

  14. [Brazilian criminal law and genetics].

    PubMed

    de Souza, P V

    1999-01-01

    This article analyses the Brasilia criminal regulation on genetic. Act No. 8.974/95 is examined because it regulates some criminal typologies on genetic engineering and assisted reproduction. Moreover, it presents information about the Act Project No. 149/97, on genetic discrimination.

  15. Avoiding criminal liabilities

    SciTech Connect

    Blattner, J.W. ); Bramble, G.M. )

    1994-06-01

    Armed with more than 120 investigative agents, the US Environmental Protection Agency, through its attorneys at the Dept. of Justice, charges 5 to 10 engineers and business people with criminal violations of the nation's environmental regulations in any given week. There are some 10,000 pages of federal (let alone state) environmental regulations. The rules apply to large and small companies alike. As a practical matter, the sheer scope and complexity of environmental regulatory programs make 100% compliance virtually unattainable for most industrial enterprises. Where it is no longer a defense to claim lack of knowledge of one's regulatory obligations, and where courts allow the inference of criminal knowledge based on what the defendant should have known, what is a company to do The environmental audit provides a solution to this problem. Progressive audit programs are established with three goals in mind: to ensure that programs and practices at facilities are in compliance with applicable rules and regulations; to affirm that management systems are in place at the facilities to support ongoing compliance; and to identify needs or opportunities where it may be desirable to go beyond compliance to protect human health and the environment. This paper discusses the implementation of an audit program.

  16. Rethinking Conceptual Definitions of the Criminal Career and Serial Criminality.

    PubMed

    Edelstein, Arnon

    2016-01-01

    Since Cesare Lombroso's days, criminology seeks to define, explain, and categorize the various types of criminals, their behaviors, and motives. This aim has theoretical as well as policy-related implications. One of the important areas in criminological thinking focuses chiefly on recidivist offenders who perform large numbers of crimes and/or commit the most dangerous crimes in society (rape, murder, arson, and armed robbery). These criminals have been defined as "habitual offenders," "professional criminals," "career criminals," and "serial offenders." The interest in these criminals is a rational one, given the perception that they present a severe threat to society. The main challenge in this area of research is a conceptual problem that has significant effects across the field. To this day, scholars have reused and misused titles to define and explain different concepts. The aim of this article is 3-fold. First, to review the concepts of criminal career, professional crime, habitual offenses, and seriality with a critical attitude on confusing terms. Second, to propose the redefinition of concepts mentioned previously, mainly on the criminal career. Third, to propose a theoretical model to enable a better understanding of, and serve as a basis for, further research in this important area of criminology.

  17. Social Support Among Substance Using Women with Criminal Justice Involvement.

    PubMed

    Majer, John M; Salina, Doreen D; Jason, Leonard A

    Social support types (abstinence, appraisal, belonging, tangible) were analyzed among a sample of women with criminal justice involvement and substance use disorders (n = 200). Hierarchical linear regression was conducted to examine social support types in relation to changes in abstinence self-efficacy while controlling for incarceration histories. Only abstinence social support and tangible social support predicted significant increases in abstinence self-efficacy, with tangible support accounting for more variance in the analytic model. Findings suggest women with criminal justice involvement who have substance use disorders have basic needs that if met would have an indirect effect on their recovery. Implications for treatment and research are discussed.

  18. Criminal thinking patterns, aggression styles, and the psychopathic traits of late high school bullies and bully-victims.

    PubMed

    Ragatz, Laurie L; Anderson, Ryan J; Fremouw, William; Schwartz, Rebecca

    2011-01-01

    This study explored the current psychological characteristics and criminal behavior history of individuals who retrospectively reported being bullies, bully-victims, victims, or controls (i.e. neither victims nor bullies) during their last 2 years of high school. College students (n = 960) completed measures of criminal thinking, aggression, psychopathy, and criminal behavior online. We predicted bullies and bully-victims would demonstrate the highest scores for criminal thinking, proactive aggression, psychopathy, and have the most criminal infractions. Bullies and bully-victims had significantly higher scores on criminal thinking, aggression, psychopathy, and criminal behaviors than victims or controls. Additionally, men were significantly higher in criminal thinking, aggression, psychopathy, and had more criminal acts than women. There were no gender by bully group interactions. Logistic regression analyses differentiated bully-victims from bullies. Bully-victims tended to be male, higher in criminal thinking, and higher in reactive aggression. In addition, bully-victims were distinct from victims, showing higher criminal thinking and higher proactive aggression.

  19. 9 CFR 381.218 - Criminal offenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal offenses. 381.218 Section 381... CERTIFICATION POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION REGULATIONS Detention; Seizure and Condemnation; Criminal Offenses § 381.218 Criminal offenses. The Act contains criminal provisions with respect to numerous...

  20. 9 CFR 329.9 - Criminal offenses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal offenses. 329.9 Section 329.9... CERTIFICATION DETENTION; SEIZURE AND CONDEMNATION; CRIMINAL OFFENSES § 329.9 Criminal offenses. The Act contains criminal provisions with respect to numerous offenses specified in the Act, including but not limited...

  1. "Bad genes" & criminal responsibility.

    PubMed

    González-Tapia, María Isabel; Obsuth, Ingrid

    2015-01-01

    The genetics of the accused is trying to break into the courts. To date several candidate genes have been put forward and their links to antisocial behavior have been examined and documented with some consistency. In this paper, we focus on the so called "warrior gene", or the low-activity allele of the MAOA gene, which has been most consistently related to human behavior and specifically to violence and antisocial behavior. In preparing this paper we had two objectives. First, to summarize and analyze the current scientific evidence, in order to gain an in depth understanding of the state of the issue and determine whether a dominant line of generally accepted scientific knowledge in this field can be asserted. Second, to derive conclusions and put forward recommendations related to the use of genetic information, specifically the presence of the low-activity genotype of the MAOA gene, in modulation of criminal responsibility in European and US courts.

  2. Optical disk uses in criminal identification systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sypherd, Allen D.

    1990-08-01

    A significant advancement in law enforcement tools has been made possible by the rapid and innovative development of electronic imaging for criminal identification systems. In particular, development of optical disks capable of high-capacity and random-access storage has provided a unique marriage of application and technology. Fast random access to any record, non-destructive reading of stored images, electronic sorting and transmission of images and an accepted legal basis for evidence are a few of the advantages derived from optical disk technology. This paper discusses the application of optical disk technology to both Automated Fingerprint Identification Systems (AFIS) and Automated Mugshot Retrieval Systems (AMRS). The following topics are addressed in light of AFIS and AMRS user requirements and system capabilities: Write once vs. rewritable, gray level and storage requirements, multi-volume library systems, data organization and capacity trends.

  3. Mental illness and criminal violence.

    PubMed

    Tehrani, J A; Brennan, P A; Hodgins, S; Mednick, S A

    1998-12-01

    This article examines the relationship between criminal violence and mental illness. Our data suggest that mentally ill persons tend to have an increased risk for committing violent offenses, and that the violent offending by these individuals tends to be recidivistic. Our findings suggest that parents who have both committed violent offenses and experienced a psychiatric hospitalization increase the risk of violent offending among their offspring. We propose the hypothesis that mentally ill parents transmit a biological characteristic which may genetically predispose their child towards criminal violence. Prenatal disturbances during critical periods of fetal development may provide clues regarding the etiology of criminal violence.

  4. America's College Promise: Situating President Obama's Initiative in the History of Federal Higher Education Aid and Access Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmadessa, Allison L.

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: America's College Promise (ACP) is a legislative initiative introduced by President Obama to increase access to higher education, to build the economy, and to support his earlier American Graduation Initiative. This legislation has the potential to settle among the ranks of the most influential federal higher education aid and access…

  5. Embodying Art and Art History: An Experiment with a Class Video Happening for the Series "Access Denied"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cempellin, Leda

    2013-01-01

    A book written in a foreign language and migrated to the US along with its author, an art historian, finds a new communicative dimension by becoming a ready-made for art making purposes. Starting with an introduction explaining the genesis of the collaborative project "Access Denied," this article focuses on one of the series'…

  6. Criminal Acts Against Civil Aviation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    28 Soviet Union ...34 Feature Articles Civil Aviation in the Soviet Union ................................................................. 39 Attacks on Airline...relief transport aircraft or hijackings; none were related to the Gulf war. Likewise, in Asia, there were few criminal acts against civil aviation

  7. Criminal Charges in Corporate Scandals

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    Criminal Charges in Corporate Scandals Summary Since the collapse of Enron Corp . in late 2001, there has been a series of scandals involving major U .S...to the series of corporate scandals that began with Enron by passing the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 . That law created a new oversight body for...List of Tables Table 1. List of Charges, Indictments, and Guilty Pleas in Corporate Scandals Since Enron 2 Criminal Charges in Corporate Scandals

  8. Indian Law Enforcement History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Etheridge, David

    Written as a tribute to American Indian law enforcement officers and the Indian Criminal Justice System, this monographh details the history of the legislative, judicial, financial, and cultural problems associated with the development of Indian law enforcement. Citing numerous court cases, pieces of legislation, and individual and organizational…

  9. 'Insane criminals' and the 'criminally insane': criminal asylums in Norway, 1895-1940.

    PubMed

    Dahl, Hilde

    2017-02-01

    This article looks into the establishment and development of two criminal asylums in Norway. Influenced by international psychiatry and a European reorientation of penal law, the country chose to institutionalize insane criminals and criminally insane in separate asylums. Norway's first criminal asylum was opened in 1895, and a second in 1923, both in Trondheim. Both asylums quickly filled up with patients who often stayed for many years, and some for their entire lives. The official aim of these asylums was to confine and treat dangerous and disruptive lunatics. Goffman postulates that total institutions typically fall short of their official aims. This study examines records of the patients who were admitted to the two Trondheim asylums, in order to see if the official aims were achieved.

  10. The history and evolution of optically accessible research engines and their impact on our understanding of engine combustion

    SciTech Connect

    Miles, Paul C.

    2015-03-01

    The development and application of optically accessible engines to further our understanding of in-cylinder combustion processes is reviewed, spanning early efforts in simplified engines to the more recent development of high-pressure, high-speed engines that retain the geometric complexities of modern production engines. Limitations of these engines with respect to the reproduction of realistic metal test engine characteristics and performance are identified, as well as methods that have been used to overcome these limitations. Finally, the role of the work performed in these engines on clarifying the fundamental physical processes governing the combustion process and on laying the foundation for predictive engine simulation is summarized.

  11. Integrating criminal justice, community healthcare, and support services for adults with severe mental disorders.

    PubMed

    Weisman, R L; Lamberti, J S; Price, N

    2004-01-01

    Persons with severe mental disorders are overrepresented in our nation's jails and prisons. Factors including cooccurring substance use disorders, homelessness, and lack of access to community services have contributed to this problem, as have gaps between criminal justice, healthcare, and community support systems. In order to address these issues, Project Link was developed by the University of Rochester Department of Psychiatry in collaboration with five local community agencies. Project Link is designed to prevent involvement of individuals with severe mental illness from entering the criminal justice system. While many models of diversion programs exist, they are all dependent on access to appropriate community-based services. This paper will describe the steps that Project Link has taken towards integrating criminal justice, healthcare, and community support services for individuals with severe mental disorders involved in the criminal justice system.

  12. State contexts and the criminalization of marital rape across the United States.

    PubMed

    Jackson, Aubrey L

    2015-05-01

    Spousal exemptions from rape prosecution persist in many US states' criminal codes thereby compromising women's rights to bodily self-control and personhood. Power resources theory-which emphasizes that given limited resources, groups act strategically to achieve goals-and gender stratification perspectives guided an event history analysis of the likelihood of marital rape criminalization in US states between 1978 and 2007. Findings suggest criminalization is influenced by the expected marginal benefit of law reform, women's relative socioeconomic resources, and racial heterogeneity. This research highlights the importance of considering how existing laws, group resources, and intersecting social cleavages influence the expansion of women's rights.

  13. [Situation of legal conflicts in criminal proceedings].

    PubMed

    Krause, Daniel M

    2003-11-01

    Criminal proceedings against physicians involving an alleged professional malpractice usually represent a complex problem raising issues in various (potential) areas of conflict. In many cases such proceedings are accompanied by liability actions in civil courts, occasionally proceedings have been initiated by the Medical Board in order to clarify a case of professional misconduct. Often, a medical malpractice insurance is involved. In order to protect the physician's interests in the best possible way, any action in the various matters needs concerted efforts. No statement or comment regarding the allegations should be rendered to the prosecution before access to the investigation file has been granted. No negative conclusions may be drawn from the use of the right to refuse testimony. The preparation of a written statement requires a thorough legal and factual analysis of the allegations as well as the evidence they are based on. In this respect professional legal assistance is essential. It does not constitute a breach of the doctor-patient confidentiality if the physician discloses information in order to defend himself against criminal allegations. If several physicians are charged with an offense it is recommendable in most cases to coordinate defense activities.

  14. Racial Disparities in Early Criminal Justice Involvement

    PubMed Central

    Crutchfield, Robert D.; Skinner, Martie L.; Haggerty, Kevin P.; McGlynn, Anne; Catalano, Richard F.

    2010-01-01

    Criminologists have long reported the existence of racial disparity in the criminal justice system, but the important question is why. While some argue that observed differences are a consequence of more criminal behavior among minorities, the weight of the evidence indicates that this is but a partial explanation. In this paper we study data from a sample of juveniles to examine how racial differences in early police contact, and important social environments—family, school, and neighborhoods—affect later contact and arrests, controlling for self-reported delinquency. We find that early (in middle school) contact with police is an important predictor of later (high school) arrests. Also we found that, in addition to being male and living in a low-income family, children who have parents who have a history of arrest, who have experienced school disciplinary actions, who have delinquent peers, and who are in networks with deviant adults are more likely to have problems with law enforcement. These factors help to explain racial differences in police contacts and arrests. PMID:20190860

  15. Ligand accessibility and bioactivity of a hormone–dendrimer conjugate depend on pH and pH history

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, Sung Hoon; Madak-Erdogan, Zeynep; Bae, Sung Chul; Carlson, Kathryn E.; Mayne, Christopher G.; Granick, Steve; Katzenellenbogen, Benita S.; Katzenellenbogen, John A.

    2015-07-17

    Estrogen conjugates with a polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimer have shown remarkably selective regulation of the nongenomic actions of estrogens in target cells in this paper. In response to pH changes, however, these estrogen–dendrimer conjugates (EDCs) display a major morphological transition that alters the accessibility of the estrogen ligands that compromises the bioactivity of the EDC. A sharp break in dynamic behavior near pH 7 occurs for three different ligands on the surface of a PAMAM-G6 dendrimer: a fluorophore (tetramethylrhodamine [TMR]) and two estrogens (17α-ethynylestradiol and diphenolic acid). Collisional quenching and time-resolved fluorescence anisotropy experiments with TMR–PAMAM revealed high ligand shielding above pH 7 and low shielding below pH 7. Furthermore, when the pH was cycled from 8.5 (conditions of ligand–PAMAM conjugation) to 4.5 (e.g., endosome/lysosome) and through 6.5 (e.g., hypoxic environment) back to pH 8.5, the 17α-ethynylestradiol– and diphenolic acid–PAMAM conjugates experienced a dramatic, irreversible loss in cell stimulatory activity; dynamic NMR studies indicated that the hormonal ligands had become occluded within the more hydrophobic core of the PAMAM dendrimer. Thus, the active state of these estrogen–dendrimer conjugates appears to be metastable. Finally, this pH-dependent irreversible masking of activity is of considerable relevance to the design of drug conjugates with amine-bearing PAMAM dendrimers.

  16. Exploring the Unknown: Selected Documents in the History of the U.S. Civil Space Program. Volume 4; Accessing Space

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Logsdon, John M. (Editor); Williamson, Ray A. (Editor); Launius, Roger D. (Editor); Acker, Russell J. (Editor); Garber, Stephen J. (Editor); Friedman, Jonathan L. (Editor)

    1999-01-01

    The documents selected for inclusion in this volume are presented in four major chapters, each covering a particular aspect of access to space and the manner in which it has developed over time. These chapters focus on the evolution toward the giant Saturn V rocket, the development of the Space Shuttle, space transportation commercialization, and future space transportation possibilities. Each chapter in this volume is introduced by an overview essay, prepared by individuals who are particularly well qualified to write on the topic. In the main, these essays are intended to introduce and complement the documents in the chapter and to place them, for the most part, in a chronological and substantive context. Each essay contains references to the documents in the chapter it introduces, and many also contain references to documents in other chapters of the collection. These introductory essays are the responsibility of their individual authors, and the views and conclusions contained therein do not necessarily represent the opinions of either George Washington University or NASA.

  17. Neurologic disorder and criminal responsibility.

    PubMed

    Yaffe, Gideon

    2013-01-01

    Sufferers from neurologic and psychiatric disorders are not uncommonly defendants in criminal trials. This chapter surveys a variety of different ways in which neurologic disorder bears on criminal responsibility. It discusses the way in which a neurologic disorder might bear on the questions of whether or not the defendant acted voluntarily; whether or not he or she was in the mental state that is required for guilt for the crime; and whether or not he or she is deserving of an insanity defense. The discussion demonstrates that a just determination of whether a sufferer from a neurologic disorder is diminished in his or her criminal responsibility for harmful conduct requires equal appreciation of the nature of the relevant disorder and its impact on behavior, on the one hand, and of the legal import of facts about the psychologic mechanisms through which behavior is generated, on the other.

  18. Methamphetamine use and criminal behavior.

    PubMed

    Gizzi, Michael C; Gerkin, Patrick

    2010-12-01

    This research seeks to broaden our understanding of methamphetamine's (meth's) place within the study of drugs and crime. Through extensive court records research and interviews with 200 offenders in local jails in western Colorado, this research contributes to the creation of a meth user profile and begins to identify the place of meth in the drug-crime nexus. The study compares the criminal behavior of meth users with other drug users, finding that meth users are more likely than other drug users to be drunk or high at the time of arrest and claim their crimes were related to drug use in other ways. A content analysis of criminal records demonstrates that meth users have more extensive criminal records and are more likely than other drug users to commit property crimes.

  19. A Criminal Case in the Chinese Courts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feinerman, James V.

    1992-01-01

    Describes a criminal case decided in the People's Republic of China in March 1991. Discusses the development of the modern Chinese legal system. Compares criminal law in China and the United States. (CFR)

  20. Ligand accessibility and bioactivity of a hormone–dendrimer conjugate depend on pH and pH history

    DOE PAGES

    Kim, Sung Hoon; Madak-Erdogan, Zeynep; Bae, Sung Chul; ...

    2015-07-17

    Estrogen conjugates with a polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimer have shown remarkably selective regulation of the nongenomic actions of estrogens in target cells in this paper. In response to pH changes, however, these estrogen–dendrimer conjugates (EDCs) display a major morphological transition that alters the accessibility of the estrogen ligands that compromises the bioactivity of the EDC. A sharp break in dynamic behavior near pH 7 occurs for three different ligands on the surface of a PAMAM-G6 dendrimer: a fluorophore (tetramethylrhodamine [TMR]) and two estrogens (17α-ethynylestradiol and diphenolic acid). Collisional quenching and time-resolved fluorescence anisotropy experiments with TMR–PAMAM revealed high ligand shielding abovemore » pH 7 and low shielding below pH 7. Furthermore, when the pH was cycled from 8.5 (conditions of ligand–PAMAM conjugation) to 4.5 (e.g., endosome/lysosome) and through 6.5 (e.g., hypoxic environment) back to pH 8.5, the 17α-ethynylestradiol– and diphenolic acid–PAMAM conjugates experienced a dramatic, irreversible loss in cell stimulatory activity; dynamic NMR studies indicated that the hormonal ligands had become occluded within the more hydrophobic core of the PAMAM dendrimer. Thus, the active state of these estrogen–dendrimer conjugates appears to be metastable. Finally, this pH-dependent irreversible masking of activity is of considerable relevance to the design of drug conjugates with amine-bearing PAMAM dendrimers.« less

  1. Mentally disordered criminal offenders in the Swedish criminal system.

    PubMed

    Svennerlind, Christer; Nilsson, Thomas; Kerekes, Nóra; Andiné, Peter; Lagerkvist, Margareta; Forsman, Anders; Anckarsäter, Henrik; Malmgren, Helge

    2010-01-01

    Historically, the Swedish criminal justice system conformed to other Western penal law systems, exempting severely mentally disordered offenders considered to be unaccountable. However, in 1965 Sweden enforced a radical penal law abolishing exceptions based on unaccountability. Mentally disordered offenders have since then been subjected to various forms of sanctions motivated by the offender's need for care and aimed at general prevention. Until 2008, a prison sentence was not allowed for offenders found to have committed a crime under the influence of a severe mental disorder, leaving forensic psychiatric care the most common sanction in this group. Such offenders are nevertheless held criminally responsible, liable for damages, and encumbered with a criminal record. In most cases, such offenders must not be discharged without the approval of an administrative court. Two essentially modern principles may be discerned behind the "Swedish model": first, an attempted abolishment of moral responsibility, omitting concepts such as guilt, accountability, atonement, and retribution, and, second, the integration of psychiatric care into the societal reaction and control systems. The model has been much criticized, and several governmental committees have suggested a re-introduction of a system involving the concept of accountability. This review describes the Swedish special criminal justice provisions on mentally disordered offenders including the legislative changes in 1965 along with current proposals to return to a pre-1965 system, presents current Swedish forensic psychiatric practice and research, and discusses some of the ethical, political, and metaphysical presumptions that underlie the current system.

  2. 10 CFR 36.93 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 36.93 Section 36.93 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION LICENSES AND RADIATION SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR IRRADIATORS Enforcement § 36.93 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions...

  3. 10 CFR 36.93 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 36.93 Section 36.93 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION LICENSES AND RADIATION SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR IRRADIATORS Enforcement § 36.93 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions...

  4. 10 CFR 36.93 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 36.93 Section 36.93 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION LICENSES AND RADIATION SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR IRRADIATORS Enforcement § 36.93 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions...

  5. 10 CFR 36.93 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 36.93 Section 36.93 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION LICENSES AND RADIATION SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR IRRADIATORS Enforcement § 36.93 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions...

  6. 10 CFR 36.93 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 36.93 Section 36.93 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION LICENSES AND RADIATION SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR IRRADIATORS Enforcement § 36.93 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions...

  7. 49 CFR 228.23 - Criminal penalty.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Criminal penalty. 228.23 Section 228.23..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION HOURS OF SERVICE OF RAILROAD EMPLOYEES Records and Reporting § 228.23 Criminal... criminal penalties of a fine up to $5,000, imprisonment for up to two years, or both, in accordance with...

  8. 25 CFR 41.13 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Criminal penalties. 41.13 Section 41.13 Indians BUREAU OF... NAVAJO COMMUNITY COLLEGE Tribally Controlled Community Colleges § 41.13 Criminal penalties. Persons... of Federal funds is based, may be subject to criminal prosecution under provisions such as...

  9. 10 CFR 11.32 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 11.32 Section 11.32 Energy NUCLEAR... SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIAL Violations § 11.32 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions for willful violation of, attempted violation...

  10. 10 CFR 55.73 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 55.73 Section 55.73 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) OPERATORS' LICENSES Enforcement § 55.73 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions for willful...

  11. 10 CFR 26.825 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 26.825 Section 26.825 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION FITNESS FOR DUTY PROGRAMS Inspections, Violations, and Penalties 26.825 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions...

  12. 25 CFR 41.28 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Criminal penalties. 41.28 Section 41.28 Indians BUREAU OF... NAVAJO COMMUNITY COLLEGE Navajo Community College § 41.28 Criminal penalties. Persons submitting or... Federal funds, is based, may be subject to criminal prosecution under provisions such as sections 287,...

  13. 10 CFR 73.81 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 73.81 Section 73.81 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF PLANTS AND MATERIALS Enforcement § 73.81 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions...

  14. 14 CFR 1212.801 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 1212.801 Section 1212... Failure To Comply With Requirements of This Part § 1212.801 Criminal penalties. (a) A NASA officer or employee may be subject to criminal penalties under the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552a(i) (1) and (2)....

  15. 25 CFR 11.411 - Criminal trespass.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Criminal trespass. 11.411 Section 11.411 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Criminal Offenses § 11.411 Criminal trespass. (a) A person commits an offense if,...

  16. 14 CFR 13.23 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 13.23 Section 13.23... INVESTIGATIVE AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES Legal Enforcement Actions § 13.23 Criminal penalties. (a) Sections 902 and 1203 of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 (49 U.S.C. 1472 and 1523), provide criminal penalties...

  17. 30 CFR 847.11 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Criminal penalties. 847.11 Section 847.11... PERMANENT PROGRAM INSPECTION AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES ALTERNATIVE ENFORCEMENT § 847.11 Criminal penalties... to pursue criminal penalties against any person who— (a) Willfully and knowingly violates a...

  18. 33 CFR 401.204 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Criminal penalties. 401.204....204 Criminal penalties. (a) Prosecution in the Federal courts for violations of Seaway Regulations... criminal penalty is one that would justify referral of the case to the U.S. Attorney. (c) The...

  19. 32 CFR 310.48 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Criminal penalties. 310.48 Section 310.48... PROGRAM DOD PRIVACY PROGRAM Privacy Act Violations § 310.48 Criminal penalties. (a) The Act also provides for criminal penalties. (See 5 U.S.C. 552a(i).) Any official or employee may be found guilty of...

  20. 10 CFR 30.64 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 30.64 Section 30.64 Energy NUCLEAR... § 30.64 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions for willful violation of, attempted violation of, or conspiracy to violate,...

  1. 10 CFR 110.67 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 110.67 Section 110.67 Energy NUCLEAR... Enforcement § 110.67 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions for willful violation of, attempted violation of, or conspiracy to...

  2. 10 CFR 1017.30 - Criminal penalty.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalty. 1017.30 Section 1017.30 Energy... INFORMATION Violations § 1017.30 Criminal penalty. Any person who violates section 148 of the Atomic Energy..., including these regulations, may be subject to a criminal penalty under section 223 of the Atomic Energy...

  3. 20 CFR 422.108 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Criminal penalties. 422.108 Section 422.108 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES General Procedures § 422.108 Criminal penalties. A person may be subject to criminal penalties for furnishing false information...

  4. 31 CFR 100.13 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Criminal penalties. 100.13 Section 100.13 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance EXCHANGE OF PAPER CURRENCY AND COIN Exchange of Coin § 100.13 Criminal penalties. Criminal penalties connected with...

  5. 10 CFR 40.82 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 40.82 Section 40.82 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION DOMESTIC LICENSING OF SOURCE MATERIAL Enforcement § 40.82 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions for...

  6. 10 CFR 70.92 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 70.92 Section 70.92 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DOMESTIC LICENSING OF SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIAL Enforcement § 70.92 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions...

  7. 10 CFR 71.100 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 71.100 Section 71.100 Energy NUCLEAR... Procedures § 71.100 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions for willful violation of, attempted violation of, or conspiracy to...

  8. 10 CFR 34.123 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 34.123 Section 34.123 Energy NUCLEAR... RADIOGRAPHIC OPERATIONS Violations § 34.123 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1952, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions for willful violation of, attempted violation of,...

  9. 10 CFR 61.84 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 61.84 Section 61.84 Energy NUCLEAR..., Reports, Tests, and Inspections § 61.84 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions for willful violation of, attempted violation of,...

  10. 12 CFR 1805.809 - Criminal provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal provisions. 1805.809 Section 1805.809... COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS PROGRAM Terms and Conditions of Assistance § 1805.809 Criminal provisions. The criminal provisions of 18 U.S.C. 657 regarding embezzlement or misappropriation of funds...

  11. 50 CFR 12.21 - Criminal prosecutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Criminal prosecutions. 12.21 Section 12.21... SEIZURE AND FORFEITURE PROCEDURES Forfeiture Proceedings § 12.21 Criminal prosecutions. If property is subject to criminal forfeiture, such forfeiture will be obtained in accordance with the Federal Rules...

  12. 10 CFR 54.43 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 54.43 Section 54.43 Energy NUCLEAR... General Provisions § 54.43 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions for willful violations of, attempted violation of, or...

  13. 10 CFR 35.4002 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 35.4002 Section 35.4002 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION MEDICAL USE OF BYPRODUCT MATERIAL Enforcement § 35.4002 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions for...

  14. 10 CFR 150.33 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 150.33 Section 150.33 Energy NUCLEAR... OFFSHORE WATERS UNDER SECTION 274 Enforcement § 150.33 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions for willful violation of,...

  15. 10 CFR 95.63 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 95.63 Section 95.63 Energy NUCLEAR... INFORMATION AND RESTRICTED DATA Violations § 95.63 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions for willful violation of, attempted...

  16. 10 CFR 21.62 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 21.62 Section 21.62 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION REPORTING OF DEFECTS AND NONCOMPLIANCE Enforcement § 21.62 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions for...

  17. 10 CFR 74.84 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 74.84 Section 74.84 Energy NUCLEAR... § 74.84 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions for willful violation of, attempted violation of, or conspiracy to violate,...

  18. 10 CFR 31.23 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 31.23 Section 31.23 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION GENERAL DOMESTIC LICENSES FOR BYPRODUCT MATERIAL § 31.23 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions for...

  19. 12 CFR 266.5 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 266.5 Section 266.5 Banks... LIMITATIONS ON ACTIVITIES OF FORMER MEMBERS AND EMPLOYEES OF THE BOARD § 266.5 Criminal penalties. Any former....3 may be subject to criminal penalties for violation of section 207 of the United States...

  20. 10 CFR 20.2402 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 20.2402 Section 20.2402 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION STANDARDS FOR PROTECTION AGAINST RADIATION Enforcement § 20.2402 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions for...

  1. 10 CFR 76.133 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 76.133 Section 76.133 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Enforcement § 76.133 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions...

  2. 10 CFR 76.133 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 76.133 Section 76.133 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Enforcement § 76.133 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions...

  3. 10 CFR 76.133 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 76.133 Section 76.133 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Enforcement § 76.133 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions...

  4. 10 CFR 76.133 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 76.133 Section 76.133 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Enforcement § 76.133 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions...

  5. 10 CFR 76.133 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 76.133 Section 76.133 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Enforcement § 76.133 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions...

  6. 10 CFR 55.73 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 55.73 Section 55.73 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) OPERATORS' LICENSES Enforcement § 55.73 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for criminal sanctions for willful...

  7. 12 CFR 1807.905 - Criminal provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 9 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Criminal provisions. 1807.905 Section 1807.905 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Terms and Conditions of Assistance § 1807.905 Criminal provisions. The criminal provisions...

  8. 12 CFR 1807.905 - Criminal provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Criminal provisions. 1807.905 Section 1807.905 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Terms and Conditions of Assistance § 1807.905 Criminal provisions. The criminal provisions...

  9. 12 CFR 1807.905 - Criminal provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 9 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Criminal provisions. 1807.905 Section 1807.905 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Terms and Conditions of Assistance § 1807.905 Criminal provisions. The criminal provisions...

  10. 12 CFR 1807.905 - Criminal provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Criminal provisions. 1807.905 Section 1807.905 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Terms and Conditions of Assistance § 1807.905 Criminal provisions. The criminal provisions...

  11. Criminal justice processing of sexual assault cases. Highlights.

    PubMed

    Roberts, J V

    1994-03-01

    This article discusses the processing of criminal justice on sexual assault cases in Canada. To begin with, in 1983, Bill C-127 abolished the offense of rape and indecent assault and created three new crimes of sexual assault and three parallel offenses of assault. This legislation also introduced a number of important changes to the way crimes of sexual aggression are processed by the criminal justice system. In 1991, the Supreme Court struck down provisions of the sexual assault legislation preventing a defendant from introducing evidence regarding complainant's previous sexual conduct. As a result, Bill C-49 was introduced to provide a test to determine whether a complainant's sexual history could be admitted at trial. This bill also addresses the issue of consent and the defense of mistaken beliefs in consent. The focus of the Juristat is the criminal justice processing of the three levels of sexual assault, which are elaborated in this article. In order to distinguish between the different levels, body harm relates only to physical injury and does not include psychological harm. Drawing on the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, the Sentence Study, the Adult Criminal Court Survey and the Youth Court Survey, the Juristat summarizes recent trends relating to the processing of sexual assault and assault by the police and the courts. Canada's Violence Against Women Survey provides a profile of sexual assault incidents among adult women in Canada.

  12. Effectiveness of a self-administered intervention for criminal thinking: Taking a chance on change

    PubMed Central

    Folk, Johanna B.; Disabato, David J.; Daylor, Jordan M.; Tangney, June P.; Barboza, Sharen; Wilson, John S.; Bonieskie, Lynda; Holwager, James

    2016-01-01

    The current study tested the effectiveness of a self-administered, cognitive-behavioral intervention targeting criminal thinking for inmates in segregated housing: Taking a Chance on Change (TCC). Participants included 273 inmates in segregated housing at state correctional institutions. Reductions in criminal thinking, as assessed by the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Styles-Simplified Version, were found in the general criminal thinking score as well as the proactive and reactive composite scores. Examination of demographic predictors of change (i.e., age, years of education, length of sentence) revealed older and more educated participants decreased in criminal thinking more than younger and less educated participants. For a subset of 48 inmates, completion of TCC was associated with significant reduction of disciplinary infractions. Reductions in reactive criminal thinking predicted reductions in disciplinary infractions. Although further research is needed to determine the effectiveness of TCC in reducing recidivism, the reductions in criminal thinking and disordered conduct suggest this is a promising intervention and mode of treatment delivery. By utilizing self-directed study at an accessible reading level, the intervention is uniquely suited to a correctional setting where staff and monetary resources are limited and security and operational issues limit the feasibility of traditional cognitive-behavioral group treatment. PMID:27243111

  13. Effectiveness of a self-administered intervention for criminal thinking: Taking a Chance on Change.

    PubMed

    Folk, Johanna B; Disabato, David J; Daylor, Jordan M; Tangney, June P; Barboza, Sharen; Wilson, John S; Bonieskie, Lynda; Holwager, James

    2016-08-01

    The current study tested the effectiveness of a self-administered, cognitive-behavioral intervention targeting criminal thinking for inmates in segregated housing: Taking a Chance on Change (TCC). Participants included 273 inmates in segregated housing at state correctional institutions. Reductions in criminal thinking, as assessed by the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Styles-Simplified Version, were found in the general criminal thinking score as well as the proactive and reactive composite scores. Examination of demographic predictors of change (i.e., age, years of education, length of sentence) revealed older and more educated participants decreased in criminal thinking more than younger and less educated participants. For a subset of 48 inmates, completion of TCC was associated with significant reduction of disciplinary infractions. Reductions in reactive criminal thinking predicted reductions in disciplinary infractions. Although further research is needed to determine the effectiveness of TCC in reducing recidivism, the reductions in criminal thinking and disordered conduct suggest this is a promising intervention and mode of treatment delivery. By utilizing self-directed study at an accessible reading level, the intervention is uniquely suited to a correctional setting where staff and monetary resources are limited and security and operational issues limit the feasibility of traditional cognitive-behavioral group treatment. (PsycINFO Database Record

  14. Professionalism Among Criminal Justice Educators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Regoli, Robert M.; Miracle, Andrew W., Jr.

    Professionalism and its relationship to scholarly productivity was studied. Specific areas of analysis were the degree of professionalism of criminal justice educators, rankings of a series of selected publications, and the relationship between professionalism level and journal productivity. Data were derived from responses by 1,028 of 1,274…

  15. Social Change and Criminal Law

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jeffery, C. Ray

    1970-01-01

    The impact of urbanization on criminal law and the extension of law into the area of morality (value systems) are discussed in terms of social control via punishment and deterrence. The impact of the social sciences (psychotherapy, sociology, behavioral science) is covered in terms of social control via rehabilitation and environmental…

  16. Program Guide for Criminal Justice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stinchcomb, James D.

    This program guide is intended to assist practitioners in developing a course to prepare students for employment in the fields of law enforcement, courts, and corrections in the state of Florida. The introductory sections describe the major concepts and content addressed in the course and the responsibilities of criminal justice sworn personnel,…

  17. Juvenile Criminals: Who Are They?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Antonov, A. I.; Lebed, O. L.

    2005-01-01

    Many adolescents who were born in the late 1970s and 1980s in Russia became juvenile criminals due to the change in the social structure, the proclamation of the values of the comfortable way of life, the institution of property ownership and so forth. Many young people have to help relatives who are in need, and this as well often causes them to…

  18. Medication-assisted treatment research with criminal justice populations: challenges of implementation.

    PubMed

    Gordon, Michael S; Kinlock, Timothy W; Miller, Patrice M

    2011-01-01

    Creating, implementing and evaluating substance abuse interventions, especially medication-assisted treatments, for prisoners, parolees, and probationers with histories of heroin addiction is an especially challenging endeavor because of the difficulty in coordinating and achieving cooperation among diverse criminal justice, substance abuse treatment, research, and social service agencies, each with its own priorities and agenda. In addition, there are special rules that must be followed when conducting research with criminal justice-involved populations, particularly prisoners. The following case studies will explore the authors' experience of over 10 years conducting pharmacotherapy research using methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone with criminal justice populations. The major obstacles and how they were overcome are presented. Finally, recommendations are provided with regard to implementing and conducting research with criminal justice populations.

  19. Understanding criminal behavior: Empathic impairment in criminal offenders.

    PubMed

    Mariano, Melania; Pino, Maria Chiara; Peretti, Sara; Valenti, Marco; Mazza, Monica

    2016-05-09

    Criminal offenders (CO) are characterized by antisocial and impulsive lifestyles and reduced empathy competence. According to Zaki and Ochsner, empathy is a process that can be divided into three components: mentalizing, emotional sharing and prosocial concern. The aim of our study was to evaluate these competences in 74 criminal subjects compared to 65 controls. The CO group demonstrated a lower ability in measures of mentalizing and sharing, especially in recognizing the mental and emotional states of other people by observing their eyes and sharing other people's emotions. Conversely, CO subjects showed better abilities in prosocial concern measures, such as judging and predicting the emotions and behavior of other people, but they were not able to evaluate the gravity of violations of social rules as well as the control group. In addition, logistic regression results show that the higher the deficits in the mentalizing component are, the higher the probability of committing a crime against another person. Taken together, our results suggest that criminal subjects are able to judge and recognize other people's behavior as right or wrong in a social context, but they are not able to recognize and share the suffering of other people.

  20. Cultural considerations in the criminal law: the sentencing process.

    PubMed

    Boehnlein, James K; Schaefer, Michele N; Bloom, Joseph D

    2005-01-01

    In forensic psychiatry, there is increasing recognition of the importance of culture and ethnicity in the criminal justice process as the population becomes more culturally diverse. However, there has been little consideration of the role of cultural factors in the trial process for criminal defendants, particularly in the sentencing phase of trial. Using a capital murder case study, this article explores the role of cultural forensic psychiatric consultation, focusing on the sentencing phase of trial as the place where the full scope and power of a cultural evaluation can be brought most effectively to the attention of the court. Cultural psychiatric perspectives can enrich a core forensic evaluation and be maximally helpful to the court, by exploring family dynamics and psychological health influenced by cultural history, immigrant and refugee experiences, and sociocultural environment. Specific recommendations and cautions for effective cultural consultation in forensic psychiatry are discussed.

  1. Childhood physical abuse, aggression, and suicide attempts among criminal offenders.

    PubMed

    Swogger, Marc T; You, Sungeun; Cashman-Brown, Sarah; Conner, Kenneth R

    2011-02-28

    Childhood physical abuse (CPA) has numerous short and long-term negative effects. One of the most serious consequences of CPA is an increased risk for suicide attempts. Clarifying the mechanisms by which CPA increases risk for suicidal behavior may enhance preventive interventions. One potential mechanism is a tendency toward aggression. In a sample of 266 criminal offenders, ages 18-62, we examined the relationships among CPA, lifetime aggression, and suicide attempts and tested lifetime history of aggression as a mediator of the relationship between CPA and suicide attempts. Results indicated that CPA and aggression were associated with suicide attempts. Consistent with our hypothesis, lifetime aggression mediated the CPA and suicide attempts relationship. Findings suggest that aggression may be an important mediator of the relationship between CPA and suicide attempts among criminal offenders, and are consistent with the possibility that treating aggression may reduce risk for suicide attempts.

  2. Alcohol misuse and depression in women criminals.

    PubMed

    Martin, R L; Cloninger, C R; Guze, S B

    1985-01-01

    The interaction of alcohol misuse and major depressive syndromes was examined in 66 convicted women felons. At an initial (index) evaluation and during a 6-yr follow-up, alcohol misuse and depression, although both highly prevalent, were not significantly related. Alcohol misusing and nonmisusing depressives had similar rates of treatment for depression. Follow-up alcohol misuse, occurring in one-quarter of those reinterviewed, was not predicted by an index history of depression even among index alcohol misusers. Nonsignificant trends did suggest some association between the two symptom groups. Depressive subjects with a history of alcohol misuse had a greater rate of depression during follow-up than nonmisusing index depressives. Follow-up misusers had a greater rate of follow-up depression than nonmisusers. Alcohol-related depression could not be discounted simply as a consequence of alcohol misuse. Depression in the context of alcohol misuse was highly predictive of future depression and suicide attempts. The relative independence of alcohol misuse and depression in this group underscores the complexity of their interaction, especially in a population with multiple disorders such as women criminals. The contention that phenomenologically defined major depressive disorders are heterogeneous is supported.

  3. Time discounting and criminal behavior

    PubMed Central

    Åkerlund, David; Golsteyn, Bart H. H.; Grönqvist, Hans; Lindahl, Lena

    2016-01-01

    One of the most basic predictions of almost any model of crime is that individual time preferences matter. However, empirical evidence on this fundamental property is essentially nonexistent. To our knowledge, this paper provides the first pieces of evidence on the link between time discounting and crime. We use a unique dataset that combines a survey-based measure of time discount rates (at age 13) with detailed longitudinal register data on criminal behavior spanning over 18 y. Our results show that individuals with short time horizons have a significantly higher risk of criminal involvement later in life. The magnitude of the relationship is substantial and corresponds to roughly one-third of the association between intelligence and crime. PMID:27185950

  4. Time discounting and criminal behavior.

    PubMed

    Åkerlund, David; Golsteyn, Bart H H; Grönqvist, Hans; Lindahl, Lena

    2016-05-31

    One of the most basic predictions of almost any model of crime is that individual time preferences matter. However, empirical evidence on this fundamental property is essentially nonexistent. To our knowledge, this paper provides the first pieces of evidence on the link between time discounting and crime. We use a unique dataset that combines a survey-based measure of time discount rates (at age 13) with detailed longitudinal register data on criminal behavior spanning over 18 y. Our results show that individuals with short time horizons have a significantly higher risk of criminal involvement later in life. The magnitude of the relationship is substantial and corresponds to roughly one-third of the association between intelligence and crime.

  5. Emotional intelligence and criminal behavior.

    PubMed

    Megreya, Ahmed M

    2015-01-01

    A large body of research links criminality to cognitive intelligence and personality traits. This study examined the link between emotional intelligence (EI) and criminal behavior. One hundred Egyptian adult male offenders who have been sentenced for theft, drug dealing or murder and 100 nonoffenders were administered the Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i). The offenders had lower levels of EI than the nonoffenders. In addition, EI varied as a function of the types of offenses. Namely, it decreased in magnitude with crime severity (lowest for murder, higher for drug dealing, and highest for theft). These results converged with the direct/ indirect aggression theory suggesting that indirect aggression requires more social intelligence than physical aggression. Forensic intervention programs should therefore include EI training, especially when violence is involved.

  6. Fatigue and the criminal law.

    PubMed

    Jones, Christopher B; Dorrian, Jillian; Rajaratnam, Shanthakumar M W

    2005-01-01

    Fatigue is an increasingly recognised risk factor for transportation accidents. In light of this, there is the question of whether driving whilst fatigued should be a criminal offence. This paper discusses the current legal position, including the problems of voluntary conduct and self awareness. Three models for reform are proposed. The manner in which scientific research can inform legal consideration and future directions for research are discussed.

  7. Identifying drug-abusing criminals.

    PubMed

    Wish, E D

    1988-01-01

    In a criminal justice setting, urine testing is the most feasible and accurate method now available for screening large numbers of drug-using offenders. Self-report and record information can be effectively used to verify and extend information about the seriousness of use for those who test positive. The newer RIAH methods offer promise for delineating patterns of drug use over time if the method is valid, can be standardized, and gains acceptance from the scientific and judicial communities.

  8. The Criminal Attribution Inventory: A Measure of Offender Perceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kroner, Daryl G.; Mills, Jeremy F.

    2004-01-01

    The Criminal Attribution Inventory (CRAI), drawing upon attribution theory and criminally-related domains, measures criminal responsibility and blame. The CRAI's six scales measure criminal responsibility (Psychopathology, Personality), external criminal blame (Victim, Alcohol, Society) and the attribution of crime to random factors (Random). The…

  9. Recent victimization experiences and continued criminal behaviors: what are the links for adult drug-involved offenders?

    PubMed

    Zweig, Janine M; Yahner, Jennifer; Rossman, Shelli B

    2012-01-01

    Using data from the multi-site adult drug court evaluation (MADCE), we examined the relationship between recent victimization experiences and the likelihood of subsequent criminal behavior among a sample of adult drug-involved offenders. The MADCE data used in this study involved interviews with 674 men and 284 women at baseline and then, 18 months later. Multilevel modeling showed that physical victimizations in the year before baseline, but not sexual victimization experiences, were associated with self-reported criminal offending behavior 18 months later. All relationships held true despite controlling for respondents' demographic, criminal history, prior drug-related characteristics, and their participation in a drug court or comparison site program.

  10. Substance abuse and criminal thinking: testing the countervailing, mediation, and specificity hypotheses.

    PubMed

    Walters, Glenn D

    2012-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine (a) which of 2 dimensions of criminal thinking (proactive and/or reactive) correlates with prior substance abuse; (b) whether criminal thinking mediates the relationship between prior substance abuse and recidivism; (c) if a direct relationship exists between specific drugs of abuse and specific criminal thinking styles. First, the reconstructed Proactive (Prc) and Reactive (Rrc) Criminal Thinking scores from the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS; Walters, 1995) were correlated with a dichotomous measure of prior substance abuse and a continuous measure of the number of substances abused in a sample of 2877 male federal prisoners (age: M = 34.96, SD = 9.89, range = 18-84; race: 63.6% Black, 17.3% White, 17.6% Hispanic, 1.4% other). The results indicated that only the Rrc score correlated significantly with prior substance abuse when the effect of the alternative measure (Prc in the case of Rrc and Rrc in the case of the Prc) was controlled through partial correlations. Second, reactive criminal thinking was found to mediate the relationship between a history of prior substance abuse and subsequent recidivism in a subsample of 1101 inmates who were released from prison during a 1- to 76-month follow-up. Third, both specific (alcohol with cutoff; marijuana with cognitive indolence) and global (heroin, cocaine, and amphetamine with cutoff, cognitive indolence, and discontinuity) drug-criminal thinking correlations were obtained. These results suggest that reactive criminal thinking plays a potentially important role in the drug-crime relationship.

  11. The Vocational Goals and Career Development of Criminally Involved Youth: Experiences That Help and Hinder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartlett, Jennifer; Domene, José F.

    2015-01-01

    Little is known about the career development of youth with a history of criminal activity and the factors that influence their career development. The ability to secure employment is important in predicting successful outcomes for this population, but unfortunately youth who have been involved in crime are likely to face a myriad of obstacles to…

  12. A Study of personality profile and criminal behavior in substance abusers

    PubMed Central

    Aggarwal, Atul; Vaish, Supriya; Sharma, D. K.; Sushil, C. S.; Usman, Nashat; Sudarsanan, S.

    2015-01-01

    Aim: The aim of the present study was to study the personality characteristics and criminal behavior in the substance abusers. The role of various sociodemographic variables in substance abusers, which affected their criminal behavior was also studied. Moreover, in the present study, the personality profile of substance users and nonusers was compared using psychoticism, extraversion, and neuroticism (PEN) inventory. Materials and Methods: A total of 50 consecutive subjects diagnosed as per International Classification of Diseases-10 criteria for substance abuse, fulfilling the inclusive and exclusive criteria were taken. A well-matched control was also assessed to compare the studied subject using a well-designed semi-structured proforma and PEN inventory. Results: Most of the substance abusers were Hindus, married, belonged to 21–30 age group and urban domicile, and were presently unemployed, educated up to middle class, and belonged to lower socioeconomic status. Family history of substance use was significant in the subjects, and the chief substance of use was opioids. Scores for psychoticism and neuroticism, as well as the criminal behavior was significantly higher in studied subjects. Conclusion: Thus, conclusions drawn were that personality characteristics of the substance abusers differed significantly from the control group and second, the number of variables including occupational status, socioeconomic status, family history of substance use, and type of substance of abuse significantly correlated with the criminal behavior in the substance abusers. Identifying these variables can be the first step in the intervention in substance abusers in order to reduce their future criminal behavior. PMID:26257481

  13. [DNA examination for criminal investigation].

    PubMed

    Takahashi, Masanori

    2008-11-30

    The main purpose of DNA examination in a criminal investigation is identification from biological specimen material (sample). Occasionally, DNA genotyping of the sample in which decomposition, pollution, mixture, degeneration, etc., have progressed is requested for identification. In addition, in cases of a small amount of sample, it is not possible to conduct checks many times. The Police Agency in Japan introduced the multiplex PCR system that can detect 15 kinds of STR genotyping and perform sex determination simultaneously using only a small amount of DNA.

  14. Criminal Justice in America. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Croddy, Marshall; And Others

    This comprehensive textbook on criminal justice is intended to serve as the foundation for a high school course on law-related education or as a supplement for civics, government or contemporary-issues courses. Designed to foster critical thinking and analytical skills, the book provides students with an understanding of the criminal justice…

  15. 10 CFR 60.183 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 60.183 Section 60.183 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN GEOLOGIC REPOSITORIES Violations § 60.183 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as...

  16. 10 CFR 60.183 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 60.183 Section 60.183 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN GEOLOGIC REPOSITORIES Violations § 60.183 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as...

  17. 10 CFR 60.183 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 60.183 Section 60.183 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN GEOLOGIC REPOSITORIES Violations § 60.183 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as...

  18. 10 CFR 60.183 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 60.183 Section 60.183 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN GEOLOGIC REPOSITORIES Violations § 60.183 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as...

  19. 10 CFR 60.183 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 60.183 Section 60.183 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN GEOLOGIC REPOSITORIES Violations § 60.183 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as...

  20. 10 CFR 39.103 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 39.103 Section 39.103 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION LICENSES AND RADIATION SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR WELL LOGGING Enforcement § 39.103 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for...

  1. 10 CFR 39.103 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 39.103 Section 39.103 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION LICENSES AND RADIATION SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR WELL LOGGING Enforcement § 39.103 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for...

  2. 10 CFR 39.103 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 39.103 Section 39.103 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION LICENSES AND RADIATION SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR WELL LOGGING Enforcement § 39.103 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for...

  3. 10 CFR 39.103 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 39.103 Section 39.103 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION LICENSES AND RADIATION SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR WELL LOGGING Enforcement § 39.103 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for...

  4. 10 CFR 39.103 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 39.103 Section 39.103 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION LICENSES AND RADIATION SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR WELL LOGGING Enforcement § 39.103 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for...

  5. 10 CFR 52.303 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 52.303 Section 52.303 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) LICENSES, CERTIFICATIONS, AND APPROVALS FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS Enforcement § 52.303 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as...

  6. 10 CFR 52.303 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 52.303 Section 52.303 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) LICENSES, CERTIFICATIONS, AND APPROVALS FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS Enforcement § 52.303 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as...

  7. 10 CFR 52.303 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 52.303 Section 52.303 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) LICENSES, CERTIFICATIONS, AND APPROVALS FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS Enforcement § 52.303 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as...

  8. 10 CFR 52.303 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 52.303 Section 52.303 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) LICENSES, CERTIFICATIONS, AND APPROVALS FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS Enforcement § 52.303 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as...

  9. 10 CFR 52.303 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 52.303 Section 52.303 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) LICENSES, CERTIFICATIONS, AND APPROVALS FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS Enforcement § 52.303 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as...

  10. The Relative Ineffectiveness of Criminal Network Disruption

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duijn, Paul A. C.; Kashirin, Victor; Sloot, Peter M. A.

    2014-02-01

    Researchers, policymakers and law enforcement agencies across the globe struggle to find effective strategies to control criminal networks. The effectiveness of disruption strategies is known to depend on both network topology and network resilience. However, as these criminal networks operate in secrecy, data-driven knowledge concerning the effectiveness of different criminal network disruption strategies is very limited. By combining computational modeling and social network analysis with unique criminal network intelligence data from the Dutch Police, we discovered, in contrast to common belief, that criminal networks might even become `stronger', after targeted attacks. On the other hand increased efficiency within criminal networks decreases its internal security, thus offering opportunities for law enforcement agencies to target these networks more deliberately. Our results emphasize the importance of criminal network interventions at an early stage, before the network gets a chance to (re-)organize to maximum resilience. In the end disruption strategies force criminal networks to become more exposed, which causes successful network disruption to become a long-term effort.

  11. 10 CFR 63.172 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 63.172 Section 63.172 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Violations § 63.172 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of...

  12. 22 CFR 1101.16 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Criminal penalties. 1101.16 Section 1101.16 Foreign Relations INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND MEXICO, UNITED STATES SECTION PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 1101.16 Criminal penalties. (a) Under the provisions of the Act, it is...

  13. 10 CFR 63.172 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 63.172 Section 63.172 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Violations § 63.172 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of...

  14. 10 CFR 63.172 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 63.172 Section 63.172 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Violations § 63.172 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of...

  15. 10 CFR 63.172 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 63.172 Section 63.172 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Violations § 63.172 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of...

  16. 10 CFR 63.172 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 63.172 Section 63.172 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Violations § 63.172 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of...

  17. Association between Criminal Thinking and Reading Level

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heintschel, Karen L.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to analyze a relationship between adult, male inmate's criminal attitudes and reading level. Data is derived from the secondary assessments, Criminal Sentiments Scale-Modified (CSS-M) and the reading scores from the Test of Adult Basic Education (TABE). The sample size is 112 adult, males incarcerated at California…

  18. 32 CFR 1801.52 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Criminal penalties. 1801.52 Section 1801.52 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense NATIONAL COUNTERINTELLIGENCE CENTER PUBLIC RIGHTS UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 Prohibitions § 1801.52 Criminal penalties. (a)...

  19. 32 CFR 1801.52 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Criminal penalties. 1801.52 Section 1801.52 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense NATIONAL COUNTERINTELLIGENCE CENTER PUBLIC RIGHTS UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 Prohibitions § 1801.52 Criminal penalties. (a)...

  20. 32 CFR 1801.52 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Criminal penalties. 1801.52 Section 1801.52 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense NATIONAL COUNTERINTELLIGENCE CENTER PUBLIC RIGHTS UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 Prohibitions § 1801.52 Criminal penalties. (a)...

  1. 32 CFR 1801.52 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Criminal penalties. 1801.52 Section 1801.52 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense NATIONAL COUNTERINTELLIGENCE CENTER PUBLIC RIGHTS UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 Prohibitions § 1801.52 Criminal penalties. (a)...

  2. 32 CFR 1801.52 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Criminal penalties. 1801.52 Section 1801.52 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense NATIONAL COUNTERINTELLIGENCE CENTER PUBLIC RIGHTS UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 Prohibitions § 1801.52 Criminal penalties. (a)...

  3. Teaching Hispanic Culture to Criminal Justice Personnel.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reyes-Cairo, Orlando M.

    A course in comparative Hispanic/American culture was developed for a criminal justice training center to provide exposure to Hispanic cultural norms to local criminal justice workers. The participants included employees in the fields of adult probation, health care, and alcohol and drug programs. Hispanic participants provided a valuable…

  4. 49 CFR 233.13 - Criminal penalty.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Criminal penalty. 233.13 Section 233.13 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SIGNAL SYSTEMS REPORTING REQUIREMENTS § 233.13 Criminal penalty....

  5. 17 CFR 14.5 - Criminal conviction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Criminal conviction. 14.5 Section 14.5 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION RULES RELATING TO SUSPENSION OR DISBARMENT FROM APPEARANCE AND PRACTICE § 14.5 Criminal conviction. Any person who...

  6. 22 CFR 1101.16 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Criminal penalties. 1101.16 Section 1101.16 Foreign Relations INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND MEXICO, UNITED STATES SECTION PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 1101.16 Criminal penalties. (a) Under the provisions of the Act, it is...

  7. 33 CFR 401.101 - Criminal penalty.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Criminal penalty. 401.101 Section 401.101 Navigation and Navigable Waters SAINT LAWRENCE SEAWAY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SEAWAY REGULATIONS AND RULES Penalties-Violations of Seaway Regulations § 401.101 Criminal...

  8. 31 CFR 103.59 - Criminal penalty.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Criminal penalty. 103.59 Section 103.59 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance FINANCIAL RECORDKEEPING AND REPORTING OF CURRENCY AND FOREIGN TRANSACTIONS General Provisions § 103.59 Criminal penalty. (a) Any...

  9. 22 CFR 1507.12 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Criminal penalties. 1507.12 Section 1507.12 Foreign Relations AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION RULES SAFEGUARDING PERSONAL INFORMATION § 1507.12 Criminal penalties. Section 552a(e), title 5, United States Code, provides that: (a) Any officer...

  10. 10 CFR 19.40 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 19.40 Section 19.40 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION NOTICES, INSTRUCTIONS AND REPORTS TO WORKERS: INSPECTION AND INVESTIGATIONS § 19.40 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for...

  11. 27 CFR 555.185 - Criminal sanctions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Criminal sanctions. 555.185 Section 555.185 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, FIREARMS, AND... Criminal sanctions. Any person who violates the provisions of 18 U.S.C. 842(l)-(o) shall be fined...

  12. 12 CFR 603.350 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 603.350 Section 603.350 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS PRIVACY ACT REGULATIONS § 603.350 Criminal penalties. Section 552a (l) (3) of the Privacy Act (5 U.S.C. 552a(i)(3)) makes it a...

  13. 10 CFR 50.111 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 50.111 Section 50.111 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION DOMESTIC LICENSING OF PRODUCTION AND UTILIZATION FACILITIES Enforcement § 50.111 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for...

  14. 10 CFR 33.23 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 33.23 Section 33.23 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION SPECIFIC DOMESTIC LICENSES OF BROAD SCOPE FOR BYPRODUCT MATERIAL Violations § 33.23 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, provides for...

  15. 10 CFR 72.86 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 72.86 Section 72.86 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) LICENSING REQUIREMENTS FOR THE INDEPENDENT STORAGE OF SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL..., Inspections, and Enforcement § 72.86 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954,...

  16. Breaking into Careers in Criminal Justice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Lucia, Robert C.

    1993-01-01

    Contends that young people's image of career in criminal justice field has been shaped by entertainment media and does not nearly match real thing. Describes reality of career in criminal justice and discusses how to prepare for such a career. Examines numerous career tracks in law enforcement, corrections, courts, forensic science, and private…

  17. 10 CFR 75.53 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 75.53 Section 75.53 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFEGUARDS ON NUCLEAR MATERIAL-IMPLEMENTATION OF US/IAEA AGREEMENT Enforcement § 75.53 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended,...

  18. 10 CFR 75.53 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 75.53 Section 75.53 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFEGUARDS ON NUCLEAR MATERIAL-IMPLEMENTATION OF US/IAEA AGREEMENT Enforcement § 75.53 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended,...

  19. 10 CFR 75.53 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 75.53 Section 75.53 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFEGUARDS ON NUCLEAR MATERIAL-IMPLEMENTATION OF US/IAEA AGREEMENT Enforcement § 75.53 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended,...

  20. 10 CFR 75.53 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 75.53 Section 75.53 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFEGUARDS ON NUCLEAR MATERIAL-IMPLEMENTATION OF US/IAEA AGREEMENT Enforcement § 75.53 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended,...

  1. 10 CFR 75.53 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 75.53 Section 75.53 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFEGUARDS ON NUCLEAR MATERIAL-IMPLEMENTATION OF US/IAEA AGREEMENT Enforcement § 75.53 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended,...

  2. 10 CFR 32.303 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 32.303 Section 32.303 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION SPECIFIC DOMESTIC LICENSES TO MANUFACTURE OR TRANSFER CERTAIN ITEMS CONTAINING BYPRODUCT MATERIAL Violations § 32.303 Criminal penalties. (a) Section 223 of the Atomic Energy Act of...

  3. 22 CFR 1101.16 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Criminal penalties. 1101.16 Section 1101.16 Foreign Relations INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND MEXICO, UNITED STATES SECTION PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 1101.16 Criminal penalties. (a) Under the provisions of the Act, it is...

  4. Interstitial Jurisprudence Illustrated in Teaching Criminal Law

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Funk, David A.

    1975-01-01

    The incorporation of criminal law theory into the first-year criminal law course is discussed as an example of adding the jurisprudence of specific subject matters to standard courses. Jurisprudential issues appropriate for study are suggested along with guidelines for teaching techniques, selection of materials, and use of class time. (JT)

  5. 32 CFR 1901.52 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Criminal penalties. 1901.52 Section 1901.52 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY PUBLIC RIGHTS UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 Prohibitions § 1901.52 Criminal penalties. (a) Unauthorized...

  6. 32 CFR 1901.52 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Criminal penalties. 1901.52 Section 1901.52 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY PUBLIC RIGHTS UNDER THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 Prohibitions § 1901.52 Criminal penalties. (a) Unauthorized...

  7. The Relative Ineffectiveness of Criminal Network Disruption

    PubMed Central

    Duijn, Paul A. C.; Kashirin, Victor; Sloot, Peter M. A.

    2014-01-01

    Researchers, policymakers and law enforcement agencies across the globe struggle to find effective strategies to control criminal networks. The effectiveness of disruption strategies is known to depend on both network topology and network resilience. However, as these criminal networks operate in secrecy, data-driven knowledge concerning the effectiveness of different criminal network disruption strategies is very limited. By combining computational modeling and social network analysis with unique criminal network intelligence data from the Dutch Police, we discovered, in contrast to common belief, that criminal networks might even become ‘stronger’, after targeted attacks. On the other hand increased efficiency within criminal networks decreases its internal security, thus offering opportunities for law enforcement agencies to target these networks more deliberately. Our results emphasize the importance of criminal network interventions at an early stage, before the network gets a chance to (re-)organize to maximum resilience. In the end disruption strategies force criminal networks to become more exposed, which causes successful network disruption to become a long-term effort. PMID:24577374

  8. The relative ineffectiveness of criminal network disruption.

    PubMed

    Duijn, Paul A C; Kashirin, Victor; Sloot, Peter M A

    2014-02-28

    Researchers, policymakers and law enforcement agencies across the globe struggle to find effective strategies to control criminal networks. The effectiveness of disruption strategies is known to depend on both network topology and network resilience. However, as these criminal networks operate in secrecy, data-driven knowledge concerning the effectiveness of different criminal network disruption strategies is very limited. By combining computational modeling and social network analysis with unique criminal network intelligence data from the Dutch Police, we discovered, in contrast to common belief, that criminal networks might even become 'stronger', after targeted attacks. On the other hand increased efficiency within criminal networks decreases its internal security, thus offering opportunities for law enforcement agencies to target these networks more deliberately. Our results emphasize the importance of criminal network interventions at an early stage, before the network gets a chance to (re-)organize to maximum resilience. In the end disruption strategies force criminal networks to become more exposed, which causes successful network disruption to become a long-term effort.

  9. Criminal Consequences of Childhood Sexual Victimization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Widom, Cathy Spatz; Ames, M. Ashley

    1994-01-01

    Using a prospective cohorts design, this study assessed the long-term criminal consequences of childhood abuse/neglect in 908 cases. Early childhood sexual abuse did not uniquely increase risk for later delinquent and criminal behavior, compared to other types of abuse/neglect. Child abuse victims were at higher risk of adult arrest for sex crimes…

  10. Career Programs in Criminal Justice Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arizona State Board of Directors for Junior Colleges, Phoenix.

    This document contains a competency-based, common-core curriculum for students enrolled in the second year of criminal justice education in Arizona community colleges. It was developed to go beyond the "Competency-Based, Common-Core Curriculum for Criminal Justice Education" (see note) developed in 1978-79. Three career options--Law…

  11. A Swedish national adoption study of criminality

    PubMed Central

    Kendler, K. S.; Lönn, S. Larsson; Morris, N. A.; Sundquist, J.; Långström, N.; Sundquist, K.

    2014-01-01

    Background To clarify the role of genetic and environmental factors in criminal behavior (CB), we examined all CB and violent and non-violent subtypes (VCB and NVCB, respectively) in a Swedish national sample of adoptees and their relatives. Method CB was defined by a conviction in the Swedish Crime Register with standard definitions for VCB and NVCB subtypes. We examined adoptees born 1950–1991 (n=18070) and their biological (n=79206) and adoptive (n=47311) relatives. Results The risk for all CB was significantly elevated in the adopted-away offspring of biological parents of which at least one had CB [odds ratio (OR) 1.5, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.4–1.6] and in the biological full and half-siblings of CB adoptees (OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.2–1.6 and OR 1.3, 95% CI 1.2–1.3, respectively). A genetic risk index (including biological parental/sibling history of CB and alcohol abuse) and an environmental risk index (including adoptive parental and sibling CB and a history of adoptive parental divorce, death, and medical illness) both strongly predicted probability of CB. These genetic and environmental risk indices acted additively on adoptee risk for CB. Moderate specificity was seen in the transmission of genetic risk for VCB and NVCB between biological parents and siblings and adoptees. Conclusions CB is etiologically complex and influenced by a range of genetic risk factors including a specific liability to CB and a vulnerability to broader externalizing behaviors, and by features of the adoptive environment including parental CB, divorce and death. Genetic risk factors for VCB and NVCB may be at least partially distinct. PMID:24180693

  12. Intoxication and criminal responsibility in Dutch criminal Law.

    PubMed

    van Kalmthout, A

    1998-09-01

    This article deals with the question in how far an offence committed in the Netherlands under the influence of alcohol or other drugs can be imputed to the offender. Unlike many other countries the Dutch Penal Code does not contain specific provisions with respect to the criminal liability of addicted or intoxicated offenders. In principle, they are held responsible for their offences, even when the dolus or culpa is absent at the moment they commit their offence. Doctrine and jurisprudence found this liability on the principle of 'culpa/dolus in causa', by accepting an anterior dolus or culpa, which is situated at the moment the offender takes alcohol or other drugs. As is shown in this article, the - nondogmatic - interpretation of this culpa in causa doctrine leaves hardly any space for a claim to impunity.

  13. Personality correlates of criminals: A comparative study between normal controls and criminals

    PubMed Central

    Sinha, Sudhinta

    2016-01-01

    Background: Personality is a major factor in many kinds of behavior, one of which is criminal behavior. To determine what makes a criminal “a criminal,” we must understand his/her personality. This study tries to identify different personality traits which link criminals to their personality. Materials and Methods: In the present study, 37 male criminals of district jail of Dhanbad (Jharkhand) and 36 normal controls were included on a purposive sampling basis. Each criminal was given a personal datasheet and Cattel's 16 personality factors (PFs) scale for assessing their sociodemographic variables and different personality traits. Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the relation between personality traits and criminal behavior, and to determine whether such factors are predictive of future recidivism. Results: Results indicated high scores on intelligence, impulsiveness, suspicion, self-sufficient, spontaneity, self-concept control factors, and very low scores on emotionally less stable on Cattel's 16 PFs scale in criminals as compared with normal. Conclusion: Criminals differ from general population or non criminals in terms of personality traits. PMID:28163407

  14. Criminal thought process as a dynamic risk factor: Variable- and person-oriented approaches to recidivism prediction.

    PubMed

    Walters, Glenn D; Cohen, Thomas H

    2016-08-01

    The research question addressed in this study was whether an increase in criminal thought process predicted elevated risk for recidivism in a community sample of offenders. Using a 1-year change on the General Criminal Thinking (GCT) score of the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS) as the independent variable, time until first arrest following a second administration of the GCT as the dependent variable, and age, criminal history, race, and ethnicity as control variables, the effect of an elevated GCT score on subsequent recidivism was tested in 35,147 male and 5,254 female federal probationers and supervised releases. Separate analyses were conducted on male and female participants. The results revealed that a rise in GCT was an incrementally valid predictor of time until first arrest in both men and women after controlling for age, criminal history, and race/ethnicity (variable-oriented analysis) and predicted the presence of a subsequent arrest during a 1-year follow-up in men regardless of initial GCT score and in women with a low initial GCT score (person-oriented analysis). Although the effect sizes were, for the most part, small, they nonetheless demonstrated both clinical and statistical significance, thereby supporting the supposition that criminal thought process, as measured by the PICTS GCT score, is a dynamic risk factor. (PsycINFO Database Record

  15. Work Experience, Criminal History, and Post-Prison Performance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Myers, Samuel L.

    Researchers have found that the labor market performance of exoffenders is dismal. The poor post-prison employment experiences of ex-offenders was investigated to determine whether their problems arose from being inexperienced low-skilled workers or from being ex-offenders. The sample was drawn from the Baltimore Life Insurance for Ex-Prisoners…

  16. Managing Arson Through Criminal History (MATCH) Act of 2009

    THOMAS, 111th Congress

    Rep. Bono, Mary [R-CA-45

    2009-03-26

    10/01/2009 Received in the Senate and Read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status Passed HouseHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

  17. [History of psychiatry: Cesare Lombroso and the born criminal].

    PubMed

    Knecht, T

    1993-06-01

    In the first part of this paper there is a short abstract of the biography of the famous professor of psychiatry from Torino. The second part consists of a summary of the most fundamental ideas and the most important results of his extensive research, setting the base of his widest-known work, 'l'uomo delinquente'. At last, a number of contemporary and recent comments concerning his theories are quoted, and some criminologically relevant findings of modern genetics are mentioned.

  18. Risk factors for adult male criminality in Colombia.

    PubMed

    Klevens, Joanne; Roca, Juanita; Restrepo, Ofelia; Martinez, Adriana

    2001-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: This study sought to establish, in Colombia, the importance of factors alleged to be causes or correlates of adult criminality according to the published literature from other countries. METHODS: A comparison was made of arrested male offenders from ages 18 to 30 (n = 223) and similar community controls (n = 222) selected from five cities in Colombia as to their family background, exposure to abuse, family stressors, perceived care and history of childhood disruptive behaviour problems. RESULTS: Compared with neighbourhood controls from similar social classes, offenders were significantly more likely to report having had parents with less education, a mother under the age of 18 or over the age of 35 at time of birth, family members involved in crime, experiencing extreme economic deprivation, parental absence, family conflict, severe punishments, physical abuse, and maternal unavailability, rejection and lack of supervision. Prevalence of childhood disruptive behaviour problems was similar among offenders and controls. These findings appear to be independent of economic status, family size or type, birth order, or primary caregiver. Although the independent contribution of most of these factors is small, once all others have been controlled for, their cumulative effect is strong. CONCLUSIONS: The findings obtained in this Latin American setting do not support the generalized view that adult antisocial behaviour is necessarily preceded by a history of childhood behaviour problems. However, they do add evidence for the importance of family factors in the risk for adult criminality.

  19. 13 CFR 147.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal drug statute. 147.625... FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 147.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the manufacture,...

  20. 36 CFR 1212.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Criminal drug statute. 1212.625 Section 1212.625 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION... § 1212.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal...

  1. 46 CFR 4.23-1 - Evidence of criminal liability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Evidence of criminal liability. 4.23-1 Section 4.23-1... AND INVESTIGATIONS Evidence of Criminal Liability § 4.23-1 Evidence of criminal liability. If, as a result of any investigation or other proceeding conducted hereunder, evidence of criminal liability...

  2. 33 CFR 1.07-95 - Civil and criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil and criminal penalties. 1... GENERAL GENERAL PROVISIONS Enforcement; Civil and Criminal Penalty Proceedings § 1.07-95 Civil and criminal penalties. (a) If a violation of law or regulation carries both a civil and a criminal...

  3. 33 CFR 1.07-90 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Criminal penalties. 1.07-90... GENERAL PROVISIONS Enforcement; Civil and Criminal Penalty Proceedings § 1.07-90 Criminal penalties. (a... cases where evidence of a criminal offense is disclosed: (1) Marine casualties or accidents resulting...

  4. 21 CFR 1405.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Criminal drug statute. 1405.625 Section 1405.625... WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 1405.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the manufacture, distribution, dispensing, use,...

  5. 29 CFR 1472.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Criminal drug statute. 1472.625 Section 1472.625 Labor... REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 1472.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the...

  6. 32 CFR 26.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Criminal drug statute. 26.625 Section 26.625... REGULATIONS GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 26.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving...

  7. 45 CFR 630.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Criminal drug statute. 630.625 Section 630.625... GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 630.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the...

  8. 2 CFR 1401.225 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Criminal drug statute. 1401.225 Section 1401... INTERIOR REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 1401.225 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the...

  9. 40 CFR 36.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Criminal drug statute. 36.625 Section... GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 36.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the...

  10. 45 CFR 630.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Criminal drug statute. 630.625 Section 630.625... GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 630.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the...

  11. 32 CFR 26.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Criminal drug statute. 26.625 Section 26.625... REGULATIONS GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 26.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving...

  12. 38 CFR 48.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Criminal drug statute. 48...) GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 48.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the...

  13. 31 CFR 20.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Criminal drug statute. 20.625 Section... REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 20.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the...

  14. 36 CFR 1212.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2013-07-01 2012-07-01 true Criminal drug statute. 1212... GENERAL RULES GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 1212.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal...

  15. 41 CFR 105-74.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Criminal drug statute... Administration 74-GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 105-74.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal...

  16. 14 CFR 1267.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Criminal drug statute. 1267.625 Section... REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 1267.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the...

  17. 38 CFR 48.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Criminal drug statute. 48...) GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 48.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the...

  18. 32 CFR 26.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Criminal drug statute. 26.625 Section 26.625... REGULATIONS GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 26.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving...

  19. 45 CFR 630.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Criminal drug statute. 630.625 Section 630.625... GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 630.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the...

  20. 24 CFR 21.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Criminal drug statute. 21.625... Development GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (GRANTS) Definitions § 21.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the...

  1. 14 CFR 1267.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal drug statute. 1267.625 Section... REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 1267.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the...

  2. 32 CFR 26.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Criminal drug statute. 26.625 Section 26.625... REGULATIONS GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 26.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving...

  3. 29 CFR 1472.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Criminal drug statute. 1472.625 Section 1472.625 Labor... REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 1472.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the...

  4. 14 CFR 1267.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Criminal drug statute. 1267.625 Section 1267... FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 1267.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the manufacture,...

  5. 36 CFR 1212.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Criminal drug statute. 1212... GENERAL RULES GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 1212.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal...

  6. 29 CFR 1472.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Criminal drug statute. 1472.625 Section 1472.625 Labor... REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 1472.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the...

  7. 38 CFR 48.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Criminal drug statute. 48...) GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 48.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the...

  8. 2 CFR 182.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Criminal drug statute. 182.625 Section 182... GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 182.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the...

  9. 38 CFR 48.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Criminal drug statute. 48...) GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 48.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the...

  10. 2 CFR 1401.225 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Criminal drug statute. 1401.225 Section 1401... INTERIOR REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 1401.225 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the...

  11. 31 CFR 20.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Criminal drug statute. 20.625 Section... REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 20.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the...

  12. 41 CFR 105-74.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Criminal drug statute... Administration 74-GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 105-74.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal...

  13. 29 CFR 1472.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Criminal drug statute. 1472.625 Section 1472.625 Labor... REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 1472.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the...

  14. 14 CFR 1267.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Criminal drug statute. 1267.625 Section... REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 1267.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the...

  15. 2 CFR 182.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Criminal drug statute. 182.625 Section 182... GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 182.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the...

  16. 45 CFR 630.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Criminal drug statute. 630.625 Section 630.625... GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 630.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the...

  17. 14 CFR § 1267.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Criminal drug statute. § 1267.625 Section... REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 1267.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the...

  18. 41 CFR 105-74.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Criminal drug statute... Administration 74-GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 105-74.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal...

  19. 38 CFR 48.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Criminal drug statute. 48...) GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 48.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal statute involving the...

  20. 36 CFR 1212.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Criminal drug statute. 1212... GENERAL RULES GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 1212.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or non-Federal criminal...

  1. Risk Assessment in Criminal Sentencing.

    PubMed

    Monahan, John; Skeem, Jennifer L

    2016-01-01

    The past several years have seen a surge of interest in using risk assessment in criminal sentencing, both to reduce recidivism by incapacitating or treating high-risk offenders and to reduce prison populations by diverting low-risk offenders from prison. We begin by sketching jurisprudential theories of sentencing, distinguishing those that rely on risk assessment from those that preclude it. We then characterize and illustrate the varying roles that risk assessment may play in the sentencing process. We clarify questions regarding the various meanings of "risk" in sentencing and the appropriate time to assess the risk of convicted offenders. We conclude by addressing four principal problems confronting risk assessment in sentencing: conflating risk and blame, barring individual inferences based on group data, failing adequately to distinguish risk assessment from risk reduction, and ignoring whether, and if so, how, the use of risk assessment in sentencing affects racial and economic disparities in imprisonment.

  2. Language impairments in youths with traumatic brain injury: implications for participation in criminal proceedings.

    PubMed

    Wszalek, Joseph A; Turkstra, Lyn S

    2015-01-01

    As many as 30% of incarcerated juveniles have a history of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Moderate or severe TBI is associated with a high risk of impairment in language comprehension and expression, which may have profound effects on juveniles' ability to understand and express themselves in criminal proceedings. In this article, we review common language impairments in youths with TBI and discuss potential effects of these impairments on 3 stages of US criminal proceedings: (1) initial encounter with law enforcement; (2) interrogation and Miranda rights; and (3) competence to undergo trial proceedings. We then describe language assessment tools and procedures that may be helpful in legal contexts. Our aim was to inform clinicians and legal staff working with juvenile defendants with TBI, with the long-term goal of developing empirically based guidelines to ensure that juvenile defendants with TBI can fully and effectively participate in criminal proceedings.

  3. Sensation-seeking, criminality, and spinal cord injury: a case-control study.

    PubMed

    Mawson, A R; Biundo, J J; Clemmer, D I; Jacobs, K W; Ktsanes, V K; Rice, J C

    1996-09-01

    A retrospective case-control study was performed in New Orleans, Louisiana, in 1985-1986 to test the hypotheses that 1) criminality is a risk factor for severe injury, and 2) the association between criminality and injury can be explained in terms of a common underlying factor--increased sensation-seeking tendencies. A total of 140 males with spinal cord injury were individually matched with 140 driver's license holders on age, race, sex, educational attainment, and zip code of residence and were interviewed by telephone. Criminality prior to spinal cord injury was measured by self-report and police records, and sensation seeking was measured by the Disinhibition and Boredom Susceptibility subscales of Zuckerman's Sensation-Seeking Scale (Form V). Those with spinal cord injuries were significantly more likely than controls to report a history of juvenile delinquency, adult criminality, and incarceration prior to the time of spinal cord injury. Statistically significant but modest difference were also found between cases and controls with respect to Disinhibition, Boredom Susceptibility, and the combined Sensation-Seeking Scale score. Matched-pairs logistic regression analysis indicated that the association between sensation seeking and spinal cord injury remained significant after controlling for criminality, with an estimated relative risk of 2.05 (95% confidence interval 1.67-2.53). However, the association between criminality and spinal cord injury also remained significant after controlling for sensation seeking (estimated relative risk = 2.04, 95% confidence interval 1.09-3.82). On the basis of these results, criminality and sensation seeking may be statistically significant but independent predictors of spinal cord injury.

  4. Drug treatments in criminal justice settings.

    PubMed

    Nordstrom, Benjamin R; Williams, A R

    2012-06-01

    The available evidence suggests that drug treatment can lead to modest, but real, reductions in criminal offending for drug-using criminal offenders. Considering the scope of the problem of drug-related crime and the expense of dealing with these issues, even marginal improvements can lead to important aggregate savings in both economic and humanitarian terms. More randomized, controlled trials of drug treatment in criminal justice programs will lead to a more sophisticated understanding of what kind of treatment works best for this group.

  5. Using clinical and criminal involvement factors to explain homelessness among clients of a psychiatric probation and parole service.

    PubMed

    Solomon, P; Draine, J

    1999-01-01

    This study sought to examine the rate of homelessness and the extent to which lifetime homelessness was associated with clinical factors, such as diagnosis and treatment history; or criminal factors, such as criminal behavior and arrest history, among psychiatric probationers and parolees. Nearly half of the clients screened had experienced homelessness in their lifetime. In a logistic regression model to explain lifetime homelessness, significant factors were younger age, less education, a greater number of lifetime arrests, a schizophrenia diagnosis, and reporting both an alcohol and drug problem. Implications for service delivery with this population are discussed.

  6. Substance abuse prevention and treatment within the criminal justice system: an overview of the issues.

    PubMed

    Campbell-Heider, Nancy; Baird, Carolyn

    2012-02-01

    Many nurses, especially those in addictions, work directly in the prison system and or relate to inmates before or after institutionalization for criminal activity. This connection led to the theme of the 2009 Annual Education Conference held in Albuquerque, New Mexico, entitled "Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment: Working with the Criminal Justice Systems." The conference was partially funded through an award from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (grant # SP015963) and focused on identifying the special risk factors for and barriers to the treatment of addictions for those who enter the criminal justice system. The conference, presented in collaboration with the American Association of Nurse Attorneys (AANA) highlighted the tremendous need for more access to addictions and mental health providers in the criminal justice system. Papers presented at that conference confirmed that nurses can make a real difference in the health of inmates, especially those of us engaged in addictions and mental health practices, and inspired this specially focused edition of the Journal of Addictions Nursing. The purpose of this editorial is to provide an overview of the addictions problems affecting individuals under supervision in the criminal justice system, barriers to treatment within this system, and the cost-benefits of evidence based treatment.

  7. Do the adult criminal careers of African Americans fit the “facts”?

    PubMed Central

    Doherty, Elaine Eggleston; Ensminger, Margaret E.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose A major gap in the criminal career research is our understanding of offending among African Americans, especially beyond early adulthood. In light of this gap, this study describes the criminal career patterns of a cohort of African American males and females. Methods This paper uses official criminal history data spanning ages 17 to 52 from the Woodlawn Study, a community cohort of 1,242 urban African American males and females. We use basic descriptive statistics as well as group-based modeling to provide a detailed description of the various dimensions of their adult criminal careers. Results We find cumulative prevalence rates similar to those for African Americans from national probability sample estimates, yet participation in offending extends farther into midlife than expected with a substantial proportion of the cohort still engaged in offending into their 30s. Conclusions The descriptive analyses contribute to the larger body of knowledge regarding the relationship between age and crime and the unfolding of the criminal career for African American males and females. The applicability of existing life course and developmental theories is discussed in light of the findings. PMID:25605979

  8. Does early onset of criminal behavior differentiate for whom serious mental illness has a direct or indirect effect on recidivism?

    PubMed

    Matejkowski, Jason; Conrad, Aaron; Ostermann, Michael

    2017-02-01

    The involvement of people with serious mental illness (SMI) with the justice system may be a direct result of their disruptive/unsafe expression of psychiatric symptoms being responded to by law enforcement. SMI may also indirectly contribute to justice involvement, through exposure to environmental and social learning processes that place people with SMI at risk for criminal behavior. This study addresses the question: For whom does SMI directly or indirectly relate to criminal behavior? Mediation and conditional effects testing were used to examine the potential of early onset of criminal behavior to distinguish those groups for whom SMI displays a direct effect or an indirect effect on criminal recidivism. This study utilized a disproportionate random sample of 379 inmates released from New Jersey Department of Corrections; 190 of whom had SMI and 189 of whom did not have SMI. Data were collected from clinical and administrative records. Results indicate that criminal risk mediated the relationship between SMI and recidivism. This indirect effect was conditioned by whether the individual had a juvenile conviction. Specifically, for early start offenders, criminal risk was positively related to recidivism while this relationship was not observed for late start offenders. Juvenile criminal onset did not condition the direct effects of SMI on recidivism. A juvenile history of criminal involvement may signal the presence of heightened criminogenic need among adults with SMI. This simple indicator could function to differentiate for clinicians those adults who are good candidates for exploring further, and targeting for amelioration, criminogenic needs to reduce further criminal involvement. (PsycINFO Database Record

  9. The Gottfredson-Hirschi critiques revisited: reconciling self-control theory, criminal careers, and career criminals.

    PubMed

    DeLisi, Matt; Vaughn, Michael G

    2008-10-01

    Revisiting Gottfredson and Hirschi's critiques of criminal career research, the current study views low self-control as being analogous to criminal propensity and examines its predictive validity of career criminality among 723 incarcerated delinquent youths. Four key findings emerged. Compared to noncareer offenders, career criminals had significantly lower levels of self-control. Second, youths scoring one standard deviation above the mean on the Self-Control Scale had an odds ratio of 5.36 of becoming a career criminal. Third, self-control predicted career criminal membership with receiver operator characteristic-area under the curve sensitivity accuracies between 74% and 87%, suggesting that self-control is a potentially useful screening device for chronic criminality. Fourth, low self-control was overwhelmingly the strongest predictor of career criminality and far exceeded the impact of age, race, ethnicity, gender, socioeconomic status, mental illness, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder diagnosis, and trauma experience. Further integration between self-control and criminal career research is urged.

  10. Internationalizing forensic assessments of criminal responsibility.

    PubMed

    Meynen, Gerben; Oei, Karel

    2011-12-01

    One of the important characteristics of current medicine is that it is an international endeavor. The fact that medicine is a global undertaking might even be one of its core strengths. However, the universal nature of medicine can be compromised when local issues become significant factors in medical practice. In this paper we identify criminal law as a relevant factor complicating the process of internationalizing a particular medical practice: the assessment of a defendant within the context of the question of criminal responsibility. Since criminal law--especially the laws relevant to assessments of criminal responsibility--may differ from country to country, or rather from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, forensic psychiatrists face the challenge of finding common ground and a common framework to advance these forensic psychiatric assessments. We describe the current situation and argue for internationalizing the discussion about this assessment, pointing to the example provided by assessments of competence.

  11. The Phenomenology of Specialization of Criminal Suspects

    PubMed Central

    Tumminello, Michele; Edling, Christofer; Liljeros, Fredrik; Mantegna, Rosario N.; Sarnecki, Jerzy

    2013-01-01

    A criminal career can be either general, with the criminal committing different types of crimes, or specialized, with the criminal committing a specific type of crime. A central problem in the study of crime specialization is to determine, from the perspective of the criminal, which crimes should be considered similar and which crimes should be considered distinct. We study a large set of Swedish suspects to empirically investigate generalist and specialist behavior in crime. We show that there is a large group of suspects who can be described as generalists. At the same time, we observe a non-trivial pattern of specialization across age and gender of suspects. Women are less prone to commit crimes of certain types, and, for instance, are more prone to specialize in crimes related to fraud. We also find evidence of temporal specialization of suspects. Older persons are more specialized than younger ones, and some crime types are preferentially committed by suspects of different ages. PMID:23691257

  12. Addicted mothers to be criminalized in Tennessee.

    PubMed

    Koren, Gideon; Hutson, Janine

    2014-01-01

    In April 2014 Tennessee acted to criminalize pregnant women who use illegal drugs and have an offspring "considered harmed". We discuss seven major reasons why this law is wrong and dangerous.  Criminalizing vulnerable, addicted mothers scare them away from treatment. The new law will practically target the poor, vulnerable, uninsured non-white pregnant woman. It is hoped that, similar to previous cases, the American justice system will once again reverse the decision and allow the true American values to prevail.

  13. 12 CFR 1403.11 - Criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Criminal penalties. 1403.11 Section 1403.11 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT SYSTEM INSURANCE CORPORATION PRIVACY ACT REGULATIONS § 1403.11 Criminal penalties. Section 552a(i)(3) of the Privacy Act (5 U.S.C. 552a(i)(3)) makes it a misdemeanor, subject to...

  14. The Equal Access Act.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Catron, J. Gregory

    1987-01-01

    Reviews past history of access of religious activities in public schools in relation to the establishment clause of the First Amendment and sets forth the prerequisites in the Equal Access Act of 1984 for creating a well-defined forum for student-initiated free speech including religious groups in public high schools. (MD)

  15. The National Manpower Survey of the Criminal Justice System. Volume Five: Criminal Justice Education and Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Planning Association, Washington, DC.

    Focusing on education and training needs for law enforcement and criminal justice personnel, this document is one in a series of six volumes reporting the results of the National Manpower Survey (NMS) of the Criminal Justice System. Chapter 1 of ten chapters provides an overview of nine types of educational and/or training programs, including the…

  16. The National Manpower Survey of the Criminal Justice System. Volume Six: Criminal Justice Manpower Planning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Planning Association, Washington, DC.

    Focusing on data needs and methods for manpower planning and manpower projections, this document is one in a series of six volumes reporting the results of the National Manpower Survey (NMS) of the Criminal Justice System. Chapter 1 of five chapters discusses the role and objectives of criminal justice manpower planning at different levels of…

  17. Patient Profiles of Criminal Behavior in the Context of Traumatic Brain Injury.

    PubMed

    Lane, Kristy S; St Pierre, Maria E; Lauterbach, Margo D; Koliatsos, Vassilis E

    2017-03-01

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can lead to significant post-traumatic disturbances in mood and behavior, with the frontal lobes playing a key role in emotional and behavioral regulation. Injury to the frontal lobe can result in disinhibition and aggression which can result in police intervention and/or incarceration. We highlight four adult cases with a history of severe TBI with frontal lobe injuries and the presence of post-TBI criminal behaviors. There is evidence to support an anatomical basis for aggressive behaviors, yet there are other risk factors to be considered. Behaviors must be investigated thoroughly by obtaining adequate pre- and post-TBI psychiatric and psychosocial histories. By having a comprehensive understanding of aggression while appreciating the complex relationship between TBI, aggression, and premorbid risk factors, clinicians can more adequately treat patients with TBI, with the aim of potentially preventing criminal behaviors and recidivism.

  18. Criminal diversity and paraphilic interests among adult males convicted of sexual offenses against children.

    PubMed

    Smallbone, Stephen W; Wortley, Richard K

    2004-04-01

    Official demographic and offense history data (n = 362) and confidential self-report data on paraphilic interests and behavior (n = 221) obtained on adult males convicted of sexual offenses against children were analyzed. Considerable criminal diversity was observed, with all standard categories of offenses represented in offenders' criminal histories. Most (86%) of the offenders' previous convictions were for nonsexual offenses, and most (92%) of the recidivist offenders had previously been convicted of at least one nonsexual offense. The prevalence of diagnosable paraphilias was low, with only 5% meeting formal diagnostic criteria for multiple (two or more) paraphilias other than pedophilia. Sexual offenders' paraphilic interests were unrelated to the extent of their sexual offense convictions but were significantly related to the extent of their nonsexual offense convictions. The results are better explained by a general theory of crime than by traditional clinical conceptions linking sexual offenses specifically with sexual psychopathology.

  19. 77 FR 42617 - Continuation of the National Emergency With Respect To Significant Transnational Criminal...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-19

    ... With Respect to Significant Transnational Criminal Organizations #0; #0; #0; Presidential Documents #0... Emergency With Respect To Significant Transnational Criminal Organizations On July 24, 2011, by Executive... transnational criminal organizations. The activities of significant transnational criminal organizations...

  20. 28 CFR 25.6 - Accessing records in the system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Accessing records in the system. 25.6 Section 25.6 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS The National Instant Criminal Background Check System § 25.6 Accessing records in the system. (a) FFLs...

  1. 28 CFR 25.6 - Accessing records in the system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Accessing records in the system. 25.6 Section 25.6 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS The National Instant Criminal Background Check System § 25.6 Accessing records in the system. (a) FFLs...

  2. 28 CFR 25.6 - Accessing records in the system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Accessing records in the system. 25.6 Section 25.6 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS The National Instant Criminal Background Check System § 25.6 Accessing records in the system. (a) FFLs...

  3. 28 CFR 25.6 - Accessing records in the system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Accessing records in the system. 25.6 Section 25.6 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INFORMATION SYSTEMS The National Instant Criminal Background Check System § 25.6 Accessing records in the system. (a) FFLs...

  4. A triangle model of criminality

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nuño, Juan C.; Herrero, Miguel A.; Primicerio, Mario

    2008-05-01

    This paper is concerned with a quantitative model describing the interaction of three sociological species, termed as owners, criminals and security guards, and denoted by X, Y and Z respectively. In our model, Y is a predator of the species X, and so is Z with respect to Y. Moreover, Z can also be thought of as a predator of X, since this last population is required to bear the costs of maintaining Z. We propose a system of three ordinary differential equations to account for the time evolution of X(t), Y(t) and Z(t) according to our previous assumptions. Out of the various parameters that appear in that system, we select two of them, denoted by H, and h, which are related with the efficiency of the security forces as a control parameter in our discussion. To begin with, we consider the case of large and constant owners population, which allows us to reduce (3)-(5) to a bidimensional system for Y(t) and Z(t). As a preliminary step, this situation is first discussed under the additional assumption that Y(t)+Z(t) is constant. A bifurcation study is then performed in terms of H and h, which shows the key role played by the rate of casualties in Y and Z, that results particularly in a possible onset of bistability. When the previous restriction is dropped, we observe the appearance of oscillatory behaviours in the full two-dimensional system. We finally provide a exploratory study of the complete model (3)-(5), where a number of bifurcations appear as parameter H changes, and the corresponding solutions behaviours are described.

  5. Criminal Responsibility of the Frontal Lobe Syndrome.

    PubMed

    Sener, Mustafa Talip; Ozcan, Halil; Sahingoz, Sadik; Ogul, Hayri

    2015-10-01

    Neurological and/or psychiatric symptoms might be detected due to damage of frontal lobes as detected in damages of many brain regions. Frontal lobe syndrome (FLS) occurs as a result of damage in prefrontal region due to various causes. Symptoms due to prefrontal region damage, varies according to the size and location of the lesion. In most of the cases; executive dysfunctions, attention deficits, inconsistencies in social life, impulse control problems, obsessive behaviors and violence behaviors are common clinical signs. Behavioral symptoms seen in FLS can be confused with personality disorders and negative symptoms of schizophrenia. FLS is a neuropsychiatric disorder rarely assessed in forensic psychiatry and in terms of detection of criminal responsibility. In this case report, criminal responsibility in FLS was assessed through a FLS case in which an offense of "threat" was committed and investigated in terms of criminal responsibility.

  6. Criminal recidivism of incarcerated male nonviolent offenders in Hong Kong.

    PubMed

    Chan, Heng Choon Oliver; Lo, T Wing; Zhong, Lena Y; Chui, Wing Hong

    2015-02-01

    Criminal recidivism of the incarcerated population in Hong Kong has rarely been studied. The purpose of this study is to explore the recidivism rates and to identify significant predictors of reoffending among incarcerated male offenders convicted of a nonviolent offense in Hong Kong. Using a self-reported methodological design, 278 offenders were sampled. These offenders' immediate past incarceration is used as the benchmark for this recidivism study. The 1-, 2-, and 3-year recidivism rates are 21%, 68%, and 87%, respectively. The findings denote that offending history, psychological attributes, interpersonal relationships, and environmental influences are significant reoffending risk factors. These findings, especially the alarming failure rates, highlight the need to seriously assess the effectiveness of intervention strategies used by the Hong Kong correctional system in preventing future offending. Implications for intervention strategies with emphasis on the risk factors for recidivism are discussed.

  7. 46 CFR 10.211 - Criminal record review.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Endorsements Only Criminal Violations of Environmental Laws Criminal violations of environmental laws involving... convicted of a violation of the dangerous drug laws of the United States, the District of Columbia,...

  8. 22 CFR 215.5 - Access to requested information by individuals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... records compiled by the Agency in reasonable anticipation of a civil or criminal action or proceeding. (c... granted. (e) Where no reasonable means exist for an individual to have access to his or her record...

  9. Psychiatric aspects of criminal responsibility: insanity and mitigation.

    PubMed

    Burrows, Maureen; Reid, William H

    2011-11-01

    Forensic psychiatry expertise may be useful to criminal courts in several ways, including evaluating competence (e.g., to stand trial, waive Miranda rights, confess, plead, represent oneself, or be sentenced), assessing responsibility for alleged criminal behavior, and clarifying mental or psychosocial factors that may mitigate criminal charges or the form and severity of punishment. This column focuses on psychiatric/psychological aspects of mitigation in criminal matters.

  10. Criminal and legal responsibilities in Tourette's syndrome.

    PubMed

    Gullucayir, Sibel; Asirdizer, Mahmut; Yavuz, M Sunay; Zeyfeoglu, Yildiray; Ulucay, Tarik

    2009-01-01

    Tourette's Syndrome (TS) is a neuropsychological disorder characterized by the presence of multiple involuntary motor tics accompanied by one or more vocal tics. Articles about TS and criminal responsibility and the restriction of civil rights are limited. A person with TS was evaluated to consider his criminal responsibility after swearing at a referee during a football game. He was also evaluated as to whether or not he was capable of professionally driving a service bus. Additionally, medico-legal situations regarding military service, obtaining a shotgun license and marriages of patients with TS were considered.

  11. Crime, criminals, and cures: medical model revisited.

    PubMed

    Sampson, R J

    2000-06-01

    David Lykken's target article assesses the causes of crime and advocates a controversial "cure"--parental licensure. Although Lykken gets many of the facts about criminals right, ultimately the disease metaphor breaks down. Crime requires three things--motivated offenders ("criminals"), suitable targets or victims, and the absence of capable guardians to prevent the act. Typical of medical model approaches, failure to consider the convergence in time and space of the three necessary elements for crime results in a misdiagnosis. In this invited commentary, I briefly note three reasons why Lykken's cure, along with the medical model in general, is unlikely to bear fruit.

  12. Genetics and criminal behaviour: recent accomplishments.

    PubMed

    Lagoa, Arlindo; Santos, Agostinho; Pinheiro, M Fátima; Magalhães, Teresa

    2009-10-01

    The past two decades have seen an explosion in research in the fields of violence and behavioural genetics. Advances in human genetics have raised the possibility that genetic mechanisms can explain various aspects of human criminal and aggressive behaviour. However, this new knowledge can pose enormous challenges concerning the moral and legal conceptions of free will and responsibility. This paper reviews the main aspects of behavioural genetics, focusing on criminal and aggressive behaviour and describes the most important genes known to influence this behaviour.

  13. 22 CFR 40.22 - Multiple criminal convictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... IMMIGRANTS UNDER THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT, AS AMENDED Criminal and Related Grounds-Conviction of Certain Crimes § 40.22 Multiple criminal convictions. (a) Conviction(s) for crime(s) committed under age... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Multiple criminal convictions. 40.22 Section...

  14. 22 CFR 40.22 - Multiple criminal convictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... IMMIGRANTS UNDER THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT, AS AMENDED Criminal and Related Grounds-Conviction of Certain Crimes § 40.22 Multiple criminal convictions. (a) Conviction(s) for crime(s) committed under age... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Multiple criminal convictions. 40.22 Section...

  15. 22 CFR 40.22 - Multiple criminal convictions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... IMMIGRANTS UNDER THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT, AS AMENDED Criminal and Related Grounds-Conviction of Certain Crimes § 40.22 Multiple criminal convictions. (a) Conviction(s) for crime(s) committed under age... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Multiple criminal convictions. 40.22 Section...

  16. 34 CFR 84.625 - Criminal drug statute.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Criminal drug statute. 84.625 Section 84.625 Education... (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 84.625 Criminal drug statute. Criminal drug statute means a Federal or... 3474; and Sec. 2455, Pub. L. 103-355, 108 Stat. 3243 at 3327.)...

  17. 28 CFR 0.57 - Criminal prosecutions against juveniles.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Criminal prosecutions against juveniles. 0.57 Section 0.57 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE ORGANIZATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Criminal Division § 0.57 Criminal prosecutions against juveniles. The Assistant Attorney...

  18. 24 CFR 3282.10 - Civil and criminal penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Civil and criminal penalties. 3282... Civil and criminal penalties. Failure to comply with these regulations may subject the party in question to the civil and criminal penalties provided for in section 611 of the Act, 42 U.S.C. 5410....

  19. 49 CFR 578.7 - Criminal safe harbor provision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Criminal safe harbor provision. 578.7 Section 578... SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) CIVIL AND CRIMINAL PENALTIES § 578.7 Criminal safe harbor provision. (a) Scope. This section sets forth the requirements regarding...

  20. 44 CFR 206.14 - Criminal and civil penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Criminal and civil penalties..., DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE FEDERAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE General § 206.14 Criminal and... Stafford Act that may warrant consideration for criminal prosecution. (d) Civil penalty. Any individual...